Text: H.R.2825 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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[H.R. 2825 Referred in Senate (RFS)]

<DOC>
115th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 2825


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                             July 20, 2017

Received; read twice and referred to the Committee on Homeland Security 
                        and Governmental Affairs

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT


 
To amend the Homeland Security Act of 2002 to make certain improvements 
in the laws administered by the Secretary of Homeland Security, and for 
                            other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Department of 
Homeland Security Authorization Act'' or the ``DHS Authorization Act''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. References.
                     DIVISION A--HOMELAND SECURITY

         TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HEADQUARTERS

Sec. 1001. Short title.
                  Subtitle A--Headquarters Operations

Sec. 1101. Homeland security enterprise defined.
Sec. 1102. Functions and components of Headquarters of Department of 
                            Homeland Security.
Sec. 1103. Repeal of Director of Shared Services and Office of 
                            Counternarcotics Enforcement of Department 
                            of Homeland Security.
Sec. 1104. Responsibilities and functions of Chief Privacy Officer.
Sec. 1105. Responsibilities of Chief Financial Officer.
Sec. 1106. Chief Information Officer.
Sec. 1107. Quadrennial Homeland Security review.
Sec. 1108. Office of Strategy, Policy, and Plans.
Sec. 1109. Office of External Affairs.
Sec. 1110. Chief Procurement Officer.
Sec. 1111. Chief Security Officer.
Sec. 1112. Office of Inspector General.
Sec. 1113. Office for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties.
Sec. 1114. Department of Homeland Security Rotation Program.
Sec. 1115. Future Years Homeland Security Program.
Sec. 1116. Field efficiencies plan.
Sec. 1117. Submission to Congress of information regarding 
                            reprogramming or transfer of Department of 
                            Homeland Security resources to respond to 
                            operational surges.
Sec. 1118. Report to Congress on cost savings and efficiency.
Sec. 1119. Research and development and CBRNE organizational review.
Sec. 1120. Activities related to children.
             Subtitle B--Human Resources and Other Matters

Sec. 1131. Chief Human Capital Officer responsibilities.
Sec. 1132. Employee engagement steering committee and action plan.
Sec. 1133. Annual employee award program.
Sec. 1134. Independent investigation and implementation plan.
Sec. 1135. Timely guidance to DHS personnel regarding Executive orders.
Sec. 1136. Secretary's responsibilities regarding election 
                            infrastructure.
 TITLE II--DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY ACQUISITION ACCOUNTABILITY 
                             AND EFFICIENCY

Sec. 1201. Definitions.
                  Subtitle A--Acquisition Authorities

Sec. 1211. Acquisition authorities for Under Secretary for Management 
                            of the Department of Homeland Security.
Sec. 1212. Acquisition authorities for Chief Financial Officer of the 
                            Department of Homeland Security.
Sec. 1213. Acquisition authorities for Chief Information Officer of the 
                            Department of Homeland Security.
Sec. 1214. Acquisition authorities for Program Accountability and Risk 
                            Management.
Sec. 1215. Acquisition innovation.
         Subtitle B--Acquisition Program Management Discipline

Sec. 1221. Acquisition Review Board.
Sec. 1222. Requirements to reduce duplication in acquisition programs.
Sec. 1223. Department leadership council.
Sec. 1224. Government Accountability Office review of Board and of 
                            requirements to reduce duplication in 
                            acquisition programs.
Sec. 1225. Excluded party list system waivers.
Sec. 1226. Inspector General oversight of suspension and debarment.
     Subtitle C--Acquisition Program Management Accountability and 
                              Transparency

Sec. 1231. Congressional notification for major acquisition programs.
Sec. 1232. Multiyear Acquisition Strategy.
Sec. 1233. Acquisition reports.
            TITLE III--INTELLIGENCE AND INFORMATION SHARING

  Subtitle A--Department of Homeland Security Intelligence Enterprise

Sec. 1301. Homeland intelligence doctrine.
Sec. 1302. Analysts for the Chief Intelligence Officer.
Sec. 1303. Annual homeland terrorist threat assessments.
Sec. 1304. Department of Homeland Security data framework.
Sec. 1305. Establishment of Insider Threat Program.
Sec. 1306. Threat assessment on terrorist use of virtual currency.
Sec. 1307. Department of Homeland Security counterterrorism advisory 
                            board.
Sec. 1308. Border and gang threat assessment.
Sec. 1309. Security clearance management and administration.
              Subtitle B--Stakeholder Information Sharing

Sec. 1311. Department of Homeland Security Fusion Center Partnership 
                            Initiative.
Sec. 1312. Fusion center personnel needs assessment.
Sec. 1313. Program for State and local analyst clearances.
Sec. 1314. Information technology assessment.
Sec. 1315. Department of Homeland Security classified facility 
                            inventory and dissemination.
Sec. 1316. Terror inmate information sharing.
Sec. 1317. Annual report on Office for State and Local Law Enforcement.
Sec. 1318. Annual catalog on Department of Homeland Security training, 
                            publications, programs, and services for 
                            State, local, and tribal law enforcement 
                            agencies.
                      TITLE IV--MARITIME SECURITY

Sec. 1401. Strategic plan to enhance the security of the international 
                            supply chain.
Sec. 1402. Container Security Initiative.
Sec. 1403. Cyber at ports.
Sec. 1404. Facility inspection intervals.
Sec. 1405. Updates of maritime operations coordination plan.
Sec. 1406. Evaluation of Coast Guard Deployable Specialized Forces.
Sec. 1407. Cost benefit analysis of co-locating DHS assets.
Sec. 1408. Repeal of interagency operational centers for port security 
                            and secure systems of transportation.
Sec. 1409. Maritime security capabilities assessments.
Sec. 1410. Conforming and clerical amendments.
            TITLE V--TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION

                       Subtitle A--Administration

Sec. 1501. Amendments to the Homeland Security Act of 2002 and title 5, 
                            United States Code.
Sec. 1502. Amendments to title 49, United States Code.
Sec. 1503. Amendments to the Aviation and Transportation Security Act.
Sec. 1504. Information required to be submitted to Congress under the 
                            strategic 5-year technology investment plan 
                            of the Transportation Security 
                            Administration.
Sec. 1505. Maintenance of security-related technology.
Sec. 1506. Transportation Security Administration efficiency.
Sec. 1507. Transportation senior executive service accountability.
              Subtitle B--Passenger Security and Screening

Sec. 1511. Department of Homeland Security trusted traveler program 
                            collaboration.
Sec. 1512. PreCheck Biometric pilot project.
Sec. 1513. Identity and travel document verification.
Sec. 1514. Computed tomography pilot project.
Sec. 1515. Explosives detection canine teams for aviation.
Sec. 1516. Standard operating procedures at airport checkpoints.
Sec. 1517. Traveler redress improvement.
Sec. 1518. Screening in areas other than passenger terminals.
Sec. 1519. Federal Air Marshal Service agreements.
Sec. 1520. Federal Air Marshal mission scheduling automation.
Sec. 1521. Canine detection research and development.
Sec. 1522. International Civil Aviation Organization.
Sec. 1523. Passenger security fee.
Sec. 1524. Last point of departure airport certification.
Sec. 1525. Security incident response at airports and surface 
                            transportation hubs.
Sec. 1526. Airport security screening opt-out program.
Sec. 1527. Personnel management system review.
Sec. 1528. Innovation task force.
Sec. 1529. Airport law enforcement reimbursement.
 Subtitle C--Transportation Security Screening Personnel Training and 
                             Accountability

Sec. 1531. Transportation security training programs.
Sec. 1532. Alternate new security screening personnel training program 
                            cost and feasibility study.
Sec. 1533. Prohibition of advance notice of covert testing to security 
                            screeners.
       Subtitle D--Airport Access Controls and Perimeter Security

Sec. 1541. Reformation of certain programs of the Transportation 
                            Security Administration.
Sec. 1542. Airport perimeter and access control security.
Sec. 1543. Exit lane security.
Sec. 1544. Reimbursement for deployment of armed law enforcement 
                            personnel at airports.
                     Subtitle E--Air Cargo Security

Sec. 1551. Air cargo advance screening program.
Sec. 1552. Explosives detection canine teams for air cargo security.
           Subtitle F--Information Sharing and Cybersecurity

Sec. 1561. Information sharing and cybersecurity.
              Subtitle G--Surface Transportation Security

Sec. 1571. Definitions.
Sec. 1572. Surface transportation security assessment and 
                            implementation of risk-based strategy.
Sec. 1573. Risk-based budgeting and resource allocation.
Sec. 1574. Surface transportation security management and interagency 
                            coordination review.
Sec. 1575. Transparency.
Sec. 1576. TSA counterterrorism asset deployment.
Sec. 1577. Surface transportation security advisory committee.
Sec. 1578. Review of the explosives detection canine team program.
Sec. 1579. Expansion of national explosives detection canine team 
                            program.
Sec. 1580. Explosive detection technology.
Sec. 1581. Study on security standards and best practices for United 
                            States and foreign passenger transportation 
                            systems.
Sec. 1582. Amtrak security upgrades.
Sec. 1583. Study on surface transportation inspectors.
Sec. 1584. Security awareness program.
Sec. 1585. Voluntary use of credentialing.
Sec. 1586. Background records checks for issuance of hazmat licenses.
Sec. 1587. Recurrent vetting for surface transportation credential-
                            holders.
Sec. 1588. Pipeline security study.
  Subtitle H--Security Enhancements in Public Areas of Transportation 
                               Facilities

Sec. 1591. Working group.
Sec. 1592. Technical assistance; Vulnerability assessment tools.
Sec. 1593. Operations centers.
Sec. 1594. Review of regulations.
Sec. 1595. Definition.
     TITLE VI--EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS, RESPONSE, AND COMMUNICATIONS

       Subtitle A--Grants, Training, Exercises, and Coordination

Sec. 1601. Urban Area Security Initiative.
Sec. 1602. State Homeland Security Grant Program.
Sec. 1603. Grants to directly eligible tribes.
Sec. 1604. Law enforcement terrorism prevention.
Sec. 1605. Prioritization.
Sec. 1606. Allowable uses.
Sec. 1607. Approval of certain equipment.
Sec. 1608. Memoranda of understanding.
Sec. 1609. Grants metrics.
Sec. 1610. Grant management best practices.
Sec. 1611. Prohibition on consolidation.
Sec. 1612. Maintenance of grant investments.
Sec. 1613. Transit security grant program.
Sec. 1614. Port security grant program.
Sec. 1615. Cyber preparedness.
Sec. 1616. Major metropolitan area counterterrorism training and 
                            exercise grant program.
Sec. 1617. Operation Stonegarden.
Sec. 1618. Non-Profit Security Grant Program.
Sec. 1619. Study of the use of grant funds for cybersecurity.
                       Subtitle B--Communications

Sec. 1631. Office of Emergency Communications.
Sec. 1632. Responsibilities of Office of Emergency Communications 
                            Director.
Sec. 1633. Annual reporting on activities of the Office of Emergency 
                            Communications.
Sec. 1634. National Emergency Communications Plan.
Sec. 1635. Technical edit.
Sec. 1636. Public Safety Broadband Network.
Sec. 1637. Communications training.
                    Subtitle C--Medical Preparedness

Sec. 1641. Chief Medical Officer.
Sec. 1642. Medical Countermeasures Program.
                        TITLE VII--OTHER MATTERS

Sec. 1701. Decision regarding certain executive memoranda.
Sec. 1702. Permanent authorization for Asia-Pacific Economic 
                            Cooperation Business Travel Card Program.
Sec. 1703. Authorization of appropriations for Office of Inspector 
                            General.
Sec. 1704. Canine teams.
Sec. 1705. Technical amendments to the Homeland Security Act of 2002.
Sec. 1706. Savings clause.
          DIVISION B--U.S. IMMIGRATION AND CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Establishment of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
     DIVISION C--UNITED STATES CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES

Sec. 3001. Short title.
Sec. 3002. Establishment of United States Citizenship and Immigration 
                            Services.
                DIVISION D--UNITED STATES SECRET SERVICE

Sec. 4001. Short title.
Sec. 4002. Presidential appointment of Director of the Secret Service.
Sec. 4003. Restricted building or grounds.
Sec. 4004. Threats against former vice presidents.
Sec. 4005. Increased training.
Sec. 4006. Training facilities.
Sec. 4007. Evaluation of vulnerabilities and threats.
Sec. 4008. Evaluation of use of technology.
Sec. 4009. Evaluation of use of additional weaponry.
Sec. 4010. Security costs for secondary residences.
Sec. 4011. Establishment of Ethics Program Office.
Sec. 4012. Secret Service protection at polling places.
Sec. 4013. Sense of Congress.
                        DIVISION E--COAST GUARD

Sec. 5001. Short title.
                        TITLE I--AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 5101. Authorizations of appropriations.
Sec. 5102. Authorized levels of military strength and training.
                         TITLE II--COAST GUARD

Sec. 5201. Training; public safety personnel.
Sec. 5202. Commissioned service retirement.
Sec. 5203. Officer promotion zones.
Sec. 5204. Cross reference.
Sec. 5205. Repeal.
Sec. 5206. Unmanned aircraft system.
Sec. 5207. Coast Guard health-care professionals; licensure 
                            portability.
Sec. 5208. Incentive contracts for Coast Guard yard and industrial 
                            establishments.
Sec. 5209. Maintaining cutters in class.
Sec. 5210. Congressional affairs; Director.
Sec. 5211. Contracting for major acquisitions programs.
Sec. 5212. National Security Cutter.
Sec. 5213. Radar refresher training.
Sec. 5214. Repeal.
Sec. 5215. Extension of authority.
Sec. 5216. Authorization of amounts for Fast Response Cutters.
Sec. 5217. Authorization of amounts for ice trials of icebreaker 
                            vessels.
Sec. 5218. Shoreside infrastructure.
Sec. 5219. Aircraft improvements.
Sec. 5220. Acquisition plan for inland waterway and river tenders and 
                            Bay-class icebreakers.
Sec. 5221. Report on sexual assault victim recovery in the Coast Guard.
                 TITLE III--PORTS AND WATERWAYS SAFETY

Sec. 5301. Codification of Ports and Waterways Safety Act.
Sec. 5302. Conforming amendments.
Sec. 5303. Transitional and savings provisions.
Sec. 5304. Rule of construction.
Sec. 5305. Advisory Committee: Repeal.
Sec. 5306. Regattas and marine parades.
Sec. 5307. Regulation of vessels in territorial waters of United 
                            States.
                TITLE IV--MARITIME TRANSPORTATION SAFETY

Sec. 5401. Clarification of logbook entries.
Sec. 5402. Technical corrections: licenses, certifications of registry, 
                            and merchant mariner documents.
Sec. 5403. Numbering for undocumented barges.
Sec. 5404. Drawbridge deviation exemption.
Sec. 5405. Deadline for compliance with alternate safety compliance 
                            programs.
Sec. 5406. Authorization for marine debris program.
Sec. 5407. Alternative distress signals.
Sec. 5408. Atlantic Coast Port Access Route Study recommendations.
Sec. 5409. Documentation of recreational vessels.
Sec. 5410. Certificates of documentation for recreational vessels.
Sec. 5411. Backup global positioning system.
Sec. 5412. Waters deemed not navigable waters of the United States for 
                            certain purposes.
Sec. 5413. Uninspected passenger vessels in St. Louis County, 
                            Minnesota.
Sec. 5414. Engine cut-off switch requirements.
Sec. 5415. Analysis of commercial fishing vessel classification 
                            requirements.
                         TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS

Sec. 5501. Repeal.
Sec. 5502. Reimbursements for non-Federal construction costs of certain 
                            aids to navigation.
Sec. 5503. Corrections to provisions enacted by Coast Guard 
                            Authorization Acts.
Sec. 5504. Ship Shoal Lighthouse transfer: Repeal.
Sec. 5505. Coast Guard maritime domain awareness.
Sec. 5506. Towing safety management system fees.
Sec. 5507. Oil spill disbursements auditing and report.
Sec. 5508. Land exchange, Ayakulik Island, Alaska.
Sec. 5509. Vessel response plans in the Arctic Report.
Sec. 5510. Assessment of public comments on additional anchorages on 
                            the Hudson River.
Sec. 5511. Public safety answering points and maritime search and 
                            rescue coordination.
Sec. 5512. Documentation of ``America's Finest''.
         DIVISION F--FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY (FEMA)

Sec. 6001. Short title.
Sec. 6002. Reauthorization of Federal Emergency Management Agency.
Sec. 6003. Comprehensive study of disaster costs and losses.
Sec. 6004. National Domestic Preparedness Consortium.
Sec. 6005. Rural Domestic Preparedness Consortium.
Sec. 6006. National preparation and response efforts relating to 
                            earthquakes and tsunamis.
Sec. 6007. Authorities.
Sec. 6008. Center for faith-based and neighborhood partnerships.
Sec. 6009. Emergency support functions.
Sec. 6010. Review of National Incident Management System.
Sec. 6011. Remedial action management program.
Sec. 6012. Center for Domestic Preparedness.
Sec. 6013. FEMA Senior Law Enforcement Advisor.
Sec. 6014. Technical expert authorized.
Sec. 6015. Mission support.
Sec. 6016. Systems modernization.
Sec. 6017. Strategic human capital plan.
Sec. 6018. Office of Disability Integration and Coordination of 
                            Department of Homeland Security.
Sec. 6019. Technical amendments to National Emergency Management.

SEC. 2. REFERENCES.

    Except as expressly provided otherwise, any reference to ``this 
Act'' contained in any division of this Act shall be treated as 
referring only to the provisions of that division.

                     DIVISION A--HOMELAND SECURITY

         TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HEADQUARTERS

SEC. 1001. SHORT TITLE.

    This division may be cited as the ``Department of Homeland Security 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 2018 and 2019''.

                  Subtitle A--Headquarters Operations

SEC. 1101. HOMELAND SECURITY ENTERPRISE DEFINED.

    Section 2 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 101) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (9) through (20) as 
        paragraphs (10) through (21), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (8) the following new 
        paragraph (9):
            ``(9) The term `homeland security enterprise' means any 
        relevant governmental or nongovernmental entity involved in 
        homeland security, including a Federal, State, or local 
        government official, private sector representative, academic, 
        or other policy expert.''.

SEC. 1102. FUNCTIONS AND COMPONENTS OF HEADQUARTERS OF DEPARTMENT OF 
              HOMELAND SECURITY.

    Section 102 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 112) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``through the Office of State and Local 
                Coordination (established under section 801)'' and 
                inserting ``through the Office of Partnership and 
                Engagement'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' after the 
                semicolon at the end;
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking the period and 
                inserting ``; and''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) entering into agreements with governments of other 
        countries, in consultation with the Secretary of State, and 
        international nongovernmental organizations in order to achieve 
        the missions of the Department.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(h) Headquarters.--
            ``(1) Components.--There is in the Department a 
        Headquarters. The Department Headquarters shall include each of 
        the following:
                    ``(A) The Office of the Secretary.
                    ``(B) The Office of the Deputy Secretary.
                    ``(C) The Executive Secretary.
                    ``(D) The Management Directorate, including the 
                Office of the Chief Financial Officer.
                    ``(E) The Office of Strategy, Policy, and Plans.
                    ``(F) The Office of the General Counsel.
                    ``(G) The Office of the Chief Privacy Officer.
                    ``(H) The Office for Civil Rights and Civil 
                Liberties.
                    ``(I) The Office of Operations Coordination.
                    ``(J) The Office of Intelligence and Analysis.
                    ``(K) The Office of Legislative Affairs.
                    ``(L) The Office of Public Affairs.
                    ``(M) The Office of the Inspector General.
                    ``(N) The Office of the Citizenship and Immigration 
                Services Ombudsman.
                    ``(O) The Office of Partnership and Engagement.
            ``(2) Functions.--The Secretary, acting through the 
        appropriate official of the Headquarters, shall--
                    ``(A) establish an overall strategy to successfully 
                further the mission of the Department;
                    ``(B) establish initiatives that improve 
                Department-wide operational performance;
                    ``(C) establish mechanisms to--
                            ``(i) ensure that components of the 
                        Department comply with Department policies and 
                        fully implement the strategies and initiatives 
                        of the Secretary; and
                            ``(ii) require the head of each component 
                        of the Department and component chief officers 
                        to comply with such policies and implement such 
                        strategies and initiatives;
                    ``(D) establish annual operational and management 
                objectives to evaluate the performance of the 
                Department;
                    ``(E) ensure that the Department successfully meets 
                operational and management performance objectives 
                through conducting oversight of component agencies;
                    ``(F) ensure that the strategies, priorities, 
                investments, and workforce of Department components 
                align with Department objectives;
                    ``(G) establish and implement policies related to 
                Department ethics and compliance standards;
                    ``(H) establish and implement, in consultation with 
                the Office of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties, 
                policies which preserve individual liberty, fairness, 
                and equality under the law;
                    ``(I) manage and encourage shared services across 
                Department components;
                    ``(J) lead and coordinate interaction with Congress 
                and other external organizations; and
                    ``(K) carry out other such functions as the 
                Secretary determines are appropriate.''.

SEC. 1103. REPEAL OF DIRECTOR OF SHARED SERVICES AND OFFICE OF 
              COUNTERNARCOTICS ENFORCEMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND 
              SECURITY.

    (a) Abolishment of Director of Shared Services.--
            (1) Abolishment.--The position of Director of Shared 
        Services of the Department of Homeland Security is abolished.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--The Homeland Security Act of 
        2002 is amended by striking section 475 (6 U.S.C. 295).
            (3) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents in section 
        1(b) of such Act is amended by striking the item relating to 
        section 475.
    (b) Abolishment of the Office of Counternarcotics Enforcement.--
            (1) Abolishment.--The Office of Counternarcotics 
        Enforcement is abolished.
            (2) Conforming amendments.--The Homeland Security Act of 
        2002 is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B) of section 843(b)(1) (6 
                U.S.C. 413(b)(1)), by striking ``by--'' and all that 
                follows through the end of that subparagraph and 
                inserting ``by the Secretary; and''; and
                    (B) by striking section 878 (6 U.S.C. 112).
            (3) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents in section 
        1(b) of such Act is amended by striking the item relating to 
        section 878.

SEC. 1104. RESPONSIBILITIES AND FUNCTIONS OF CHIEF PRIVACY OFFICER.

    (a) In General.--Section 222 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 
(6 U.S.C. 142) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by inserting ``to be the Chief Privacy 
                        Officer of the Department,'' after ``in the 
                        Department,''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``to the Secretary, to 
                        assume'' and inserting ``to the Secretary. Such 
                        official shall have'';
                    (B) in paragraph (5), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (C) by striking paragraph (6); and
                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following 
                new paragraphs:
            ``(6) developing guidance to assist components of the 
        Department in developing privacy policies and practices;
            ``(7) establishing a mechanism to ensure such components 
        are in compliance with Federal, regulatory, statutory, and 
        Department privacy requirements, mandates, directives, and 
        policies;
            ``(8) working with the Chief Information Officer of the 
        Department to identify methods for managing and overseeing the 
        records, management policies, and procedures of the Department;
            ``(9) working with components and offices of the Department 
        to ensure that information sharing activities incorporate 
        privacy protections;
            ``(10) serving as the Chief FOIA Officer of the Department 
        for purposes of subsection (j) of section 552 of title 5, 
        United States Code (popularly known as the Freedom of 
        Information Act), to manage and process requests related to 
        such section;
            ``(11) developing guidance on procedures to be followed by 
        individuals making requests for information under section 552 
        of title 5, United States Code;
            ``(12) overseeing the management and processing of requests 
        for information under section 552 of title 5, United States 
        Code, within Department Headquarters and relevant Department 
        component offices;
            ``(13) identifying and eliminating unnecessary and 
        duplicative actions taken by the Department in the course of 
        processing requests for information under section 552 of title 
        5, United States Code;
            ``(14) preparing an annual report to Congress that 
        includes--
                    ``(A) a description of the activities of the 
                Department that affect privacy during the fiscal year 
                covered by the report, including complaints of privacy 
                violations, implementation of section 552a of title 5, 
                United States Code (popularly known as the Privacy Act 
                of 1974), internal controls, and other matters; and
                    ``(B) the number of new technology programs 
                implemented in the Department during the fiscal year 
                covered by the report, the number of such programs that 
                the Chief Privacy Officer has evaluated to ensure that 
                privacy protections are considered and implemented, the 
                number of such programs that effectively implemented 
                privacy protections into new technology programs, and 
                an explanation of why any new programs did not 
                effectively implement privacy protections; and
            ``(15) carrying out such other responsibilities as the 
        Secretary determines are appropriate, consistent with this 
        section.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Reassignment of Functions.--Notwithstanding subsection 
(a)(10), the Secretary may reassign the functions related to managing 
and processing requests for information under section 552 of title 5, 
United States Code, to another officer within the Department, 
consistent with requirements of that section.''.

SEC. 1105. RESPONSIBILITIES OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER.

    (a) In General.--Section 702 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 
(6 U.S.C. 342) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections 
        (c) and (d), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection (b):
    ``(b) Responsibilities.--In carrying out the responsibilities, 
authorities, and functions specified in section 902 of title 31, United 
States Code, the Chief Financial Officer shall--
            ``(1) oversee Department budget formulation and execution;
            ``(2) lead and provide guidance on performance-based 
        budgeting practices for the Department to ensure that the 
        Department and its components are meeting missions and goals;
            ``(3) lead cost-estimating practices for the Department, 
        including the development of policies on cost estimating and 
        approval of life cycle cost estimates;
            ``(4) coordinate with the Office of Strategy, Policy, and 
        Plans to ensure that the development of the budget for the 
        Department is compatible with the long-term strategic plans, 
        priorities, and policies of the Secretary;
            ``(5) develop financial management policy for the 
        Department and oversee the implementation of such policy, 
        including the establishment of effective internal controls over 
        financial reporting systems and processes throughout the 
        Department;
            ``(6) provide guidance for and over financial system 
        modernization efforts throughout the Department;
            ``(7) lead the efforts of the Department related to 
        financial oversight, including identifying ways to streamline 
        and standardize business processes;
            ``(8) oversee the costs of acquisition programs and related 
        activities to ensure that actual and planned costs are in 
        accordance with budget estimates and are affordable, or can be 
        adequately funded, over the lifecycle of such programs and 
        activities;
            ``(9) fully implement a common accounting structure to be 
        used across the entire Department by fiscal year 2020; and
            ``(10) track, approve, oversee, and make public information 
        on expenditures by components of the Department for 
        conferences, as appropriate, including by requiring each 
        component to--
                    ``(A) report to the Inspector General of the 
                Department the expenditures by such component for each 
                conference hosted or attended by Department employees 
                for which the total expenditures of the Department 
                exceed $20,000, within 15 days after the date of the 
                conference; and
                    ``(B) with respect to such expenditures, provide to 
                the Inspector General--
                            ``(i) the information described in 
                        subsections (a), (b), and (c) of section 739 of 
                        title VII of division E of the Consolidated and 
                        Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015 
                        (Public Law 113-235); and
                            ``(ii) documentation of such 
                        expenditures.''.
    (b) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in the amendment made by this 
section may be construed as altering or amending the responsibilities, 
authorities, and functions of the Chief Financial Officer of the 
Department of Homeland Security under section 902 of title 31, United 
States Code.

SEC. 1106. CHIEF INFORMATION OFFICER.

    (a) In General.--Section 703 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 
(6 U.S.C. 343) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the following 
        new sentence: ``In addition to the functions under section 
        3506(a)(2) of title 44, United States Code, the Chief 
        Information Officer shall perform the functions set forth in 
        this section and such other functions as may be assigned by the 
        Secretary.'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (d); and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsections:
    ``(b) Responsibilities.--In addition to performing the functions 
under section 3506 of title 44, United States Code, the Chief 
Information Officer shall serve as the lead technical authority for 
information technology programs of the Department and Department 
components, and shall--
            ``(1) advise and assist the Secretary, heads of the 
        components of the Department, and other senior officers in 
        carrying out the responsibilities of the Department for all 
        activities relating to the budgets, programs, security, and 
        operations of the information technology functions of the 
        Department;
            ``(2) to the extent delegated by the Secretary, exercise 
        leadership and authority over Department information technology 
        management and establish the information technology priorities, 
        policies, processes, standards, guidelines, and procedures of 
        the Department to ensure interoperability and standardization 
        of information technology;
            ``(3) maintain a consolidated inventory of the mission 
        critical and mission essential information systems of the 
        Department, and develop and maintain contingency plans for 
        responding to a disruption in the operation of any of those 
        information systems;
            ``(4) maintain the security, visibility, reliability, 
        integrity, and availability of data and information technology 
        of the Department;
            ``(5) establish and implement policies and procedures to 
        effectively monitor and manage vulnerabilities in the supply 
        chain for purchases of information technology, in consultation 
        with the Chief Procurement Officer of the Department;
            ``(6) review contracts and interagency agreements 
        associated with major information technology investments and 
        information technology investments that have had cost, 
        schedule, or performance challenges in the past;
            ``(7) assess the risk of all major information technology 
        investments and publically report the risk rating to the Office 
        of Management and Budget; and
            ``(8) carry out any other responsibilities delegated by the 
        Secretary consistent with an effective information system 
        management function.
    ``(c) Strategic Plans.--In coordination with the Chief Financial 
Officer, the Chief Information Officer shall develop an information 
technology strategic plan every five years and report to the Committee 
on Homeland Security and the Committee on Appropriations of the House 
of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
Governmental Affairs and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate 
on the extent to which--
            ``(1) the budget of the Department aligns with priorities 
        specified in the information technology strategic plan;
            ``(2) the information technology strategic plan informs the 
        budget process of the Department;
            ``(3) information technology priorities were or were not 
        funded and the reasons for not funding all priorities in a 
        given fiscal year;
            ``(4) the Department has identified and addressed skills 
        gaps needed to implement the information technology strategic 
        plan; and
            ``(5) unnecessary duplicate information technology within 
        and across the components of the Department has been 
        eliminated.''.
    (b) Software Licensing.--
            (1) Software inventory.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act and every two years 
        thereafter until 2022, the Chief Information Officer of the 
        Department of Homeland Security, in consultation with 
        Department component chief information officers, shall--
                    (A) conduct a Department-wide inventory of all 
                existing software licenses held by the Department, 
                including utilized and unutilized licenses;
                    (B) assess the needs of the Department and the 
                components of the Department for software licenses for 
                the subsequent two fiscal years;
                    (C) examine how the Department can achieve the 
                greatest possible economies of scale and cost savings 
                in the procurement of software licenses;
                    (D) determine how the use of shared cloud-computing 
                services will impact the needs for software licenses 
                for the subsequent two fiscal years;
                    (E) establish plans and estimated costs for 
                eliminating unutilized software licenses for the 
                subsequent two fiscal years; and
                    (F) submit a copy of each inventory conducted under 
                subparagraph (A) to the Committee on Homeland Security 
                of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
                Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the 
                Senate.
            (2) Plan to reduce software licenses.--If the Chief 
        Information Officer determines through the inventory conducted 
        under paragraph (1) that the number of software licenses held 
        by the Department and the components of the Department exceed 
        the needs of the Department, not later than 90 days after the 
        date on which the inventory is completed, the Secretary of 
        Homeland Security shall establish a plan for reducing the 
        number of such software licenses to meet needs of the 
        Department.
            (3) Prohibition on procurement of new software licenses.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), upon completion of a plan under paragraph (2), no 
                additional resources may be obligated for the 
                procurement of new software licenses for the Department 
                until such time as the need of the Department exceeds 
                the number of used and unused licenses held by the 
                Department.
                    (B) Exception.--The Chief Information Officer may 
                authorize the purchase of additional licenses and amend 
                the number of needed licenses as necessary.
    (c) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than fiscal year 2019, 
the Comptroller General of the United States shall review the extent to 
which the Chief Information Officer fulfilled all requirements 
established in this section and the amendment made by this section.
    (d) Completion of First Definition of Capabilities.--Not later than 
one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Chief 
Information Officer shall complete the first information technology 
strategic plan required under subsection (c) of section 701 of the 
Homeland Security Act of 2002, as added by subsection (a) of this 
section.

SEC. 1107. QUADRENNIAL HOMELAND SECURITY REVIEW.

    (a) In General.--Section 707 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 
(6 U.S.C. 347) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as 
                subparagraph (D); and
                    (C) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the 
                following new subparagraph (C):
                    ``(C) representatives from appropriate advisory 
                committees established pursuant to section 871, 
                including the Homeland Security Advisory Council and 
                the Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory 
                Committee, or otherwise established, including the 
                Aviation Security Advisory Committee established 
                pursuant to section 44946 of title 49, United States 
                Code; and'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by inserting before the 
                semicolon at the end the following: ``based on the risk 
                assessment required pursuant to subsection (c)(2)(B)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) by inserting ``, to the extent 
                        practicable,'' after ``describe''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``budget plan'' and 
                        inserting ``resources required'';
                    (C) in paragraph (4)--
                            (i) by inserting ``, to the extent 
                        practicable,'' after ``identify'';
                            (ii) by striking ``budget plan required to 
                        provide sufficient resources to successfully'' 
                        and inserting ``resources required to''; and
                            (iii) by striking the semicolon at the end 
                        and inserting ``, including any resources 
                        identified from redundant, wasteful, or 
                        unnecessary capabilities and capacities that 
                        can be redirected to better support other 
                        existing capabilities and capacities, as the 
                        case may be; and'';
                    (D) in paragraph (5), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a period; and
                    (E) by striking paragraph (6);
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``December 31 of 
                the year'' and inserting ``60 days after the date of 
                the submittal of the President's budget for the fiscal 
                year after the fiscal year'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``description of the threats to'' and inserting 
                        ``risk assessment of'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``, 
                        as required under subsection (b)(2)'' before 
                        the semicolon at the end;
                            (iii) in subparagraph (D)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``to the extent 
                                practicable,'' before ``a 
                                description''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``budget plan'' 
                                and inserting ``resources required'';
                            (iv) in subparagraph (F)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``to the extent 
                                practicable,'' before ``a discussion''; 
                                and
                                    (II) by striking ``the status of'';
                            (v) in subparagraph (G)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``to the extent 
                                practicable,'' before ``a discussion'';
                                    (II) by striking ``the status of'';
                                    (III) by inserting ``and risks'' 
                                before ``to national homeland''; and
                                    (IV) by inserting ``and'' after the 
                                semicolon at the end;
                            (vi) by striking subparagraph (H); and
                            (vii) by redesignating subparagraph (I) as 
                        subparagraph (H);
                    (C) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph 
                (4); and
                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
                new paragraph (3):
            ``(3) Documentation.--The Secretary shall retain the 
        following documentation regarding the quadrennial homeland 
        security review:
                    ``(A) Records regarding the consultation carried 
                out the pursuant to subsection (a)(3), including--
                            ``(i) all written communications, including 
                        communications sent out by the Secretary and 
                        feedback submitted to the Secretary through 
                        technology, online communications tools, in-
                        person discussions, and the interagency 
                        process; and
                            ``(ii) information on how feedback received 
                        by the Secretary informed the quadrennial 
                        homeland security review.
                    ``(B) Information regarding the risk assessment, as 
                required under subsection (c)(2)(B), including--
                            ``(i) the risk model utilized to generate 
                        the risk assessment;
                            ``(ii) information, including data used in 
                        the risk model, utilized to generate the risk 
                        assessment;
                            ``(iii) sources of information, including 
                        other risk assessments, utilized to generate 
                        the risk assessment; and
                            ``(iv) information on assumptions, weighing 
                        factors, and subjective judgments utilized to 
                        generate the risk assessment, together with 
                        information on the rationale or basis 
                        thereof.''; and
            (4) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
            (5) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection (d):
    ``(d) Review.--Not later than 90 days after the submission of each 
report required under subsection (c)(1), the Secretary shall provide to 
the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the 
Senate information on the degree to which the findings and 
recommendations developed in the quadrennial homeland security review 
covered by the report were integrated into the acquisition strategy and 
expenditure plans for the Department.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply with respect to a quadrennial homeland security review conducted 
after December 31, 2017.

SEC. 1108. OFFICE OF STRATEGY, POLICY, AND PLANS.

    (a) In General.--Section 708 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 
(as redesignated pursuant to section 1705(g) of this Act; relating to 
the Office of Strategy, Policy, and Plans of the Department of Homeland 
Security) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the following: 
        ``The Office of Strategy, Policy, and Plans shall include the 
        following components:
            ``(1) The Office of International Affairs.
            ``(2) The Office of Cyber, Infrastructure, and Resilience 
        Policy.
            ``(3) The Office of Strategy, Planning, Analysis, and Risk.
            ``(4) The Office of Threat Prevention and Security Policy.
            ``(5) The Office of Border, Immigration, and Trade 
        Policy.'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (e) through (g) as 
        subsections (f) through (h), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(e) Assistant Secretary for International Affairs.--The Office of 
International Affairs shall be led by an Assistant Secretary for 
International Affairs appointed by the Secretary. The Assistant 
Secretary shall--
            ``(1) coordinate international activities within the 
        Department, including activities carried out by the components 
        of the Department, in consultation with other Federal officials 
        with responsibility for counterterrorism and homeland security 
        matters;
            ``(2) advise, inform, and assist the Secretary with respect 
        to the development and implementation of the policy priorities 
        of the Department, including strategic priorities for the 
        deployment of assets, including personnel, outside the United 
        States;
            ``(3) develop, in consultation with the Under Secretary for 
        Management, guidance for selecting, assigning, training, and 
        monitoring overseas deployments of Department personnel, 
        including minimum standards for pre-deployment training;
            ``(4) maintain awareness regarding the international travel 
        of senior officers of the Department and their intent to pursue 
        negotiations with foreign government officials, and review 
        resulting draft agreements; and
            ``(5) perform such other functions as are established by 
        law or delegated by the Under Secretary for Policy.''.
    (b) Abolishment of Office of International Affairs.--
            (1) In general.--The Office of International Affairs within 
        the Office of the Secretary of Homeland Security is abolished.
            (2) Transfer of assets and personnel.--The functions 
        authorized to be performed by such office as of the day before 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, and the assets and 
        personnel associated with such functions, are transferred to 
        the head of the Office of International Affairs provided for by 
        section 708 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as amended by 
        this section.
            (3) Conforming amendment.--The Homeland Security Act of 
        2002 is amended by striking section 879 (6 U.S.C. 459).
            (4) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents in section 
        1(b) of such Act is amended by striking the item relating to 
        section 879.
    (c) Conforming Amendments Relating to Assistant Secretaries.--
Subsection (a) of section 103 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 113) is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``; Assistant 
        Secretaries and Other Officers'' after ``Under Secretaries'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by amending subparagraph (I) to read 
        as follows:
                    ``(I) An Administrator of the Transportation 
                Security Administration.'';
            (3) by amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:
            ``(2) Assistant secretaries.--The following Assistant 
        Secretaries shall be appointed by the President or the 
        Secretary, as the case may be, without the advice and consent 
        of the Senate:
                    ``(A) Presidential appointments.--The Department 
                shall have the following Assistant Secretaries 
                appointed by the President:
                            ``(i) The Assistant Secretary, 
                        Infrastructure Protection.
                            ``(ii) The Assistant Secretary for Public 
                        Affairs.
                            ``(iii) The Assistant Secretary for 
                        Legislative Affairs.
                    ``(B) Secretarial appointments.--The Department 
                shall have the following Assistant Secretaries 
                appointed by the Secretary:
                            ``(i) The Principal Assistant Secretary for 
                        External Affairs.
                            ``(ii) The Assistant Secretary, Office of 
                        Cybersecurity and Communications.
                            ``(iii) The Assistant Secretary for 
                        International Affairs.
                            ``(iv) The Assistant Secretary for 
                        Partnership and Engagement.
                            ``(v) The Assistant Secretary for Threat 
                        Prevention and Security Policy.
                            ``(vi) The Assistant Secretary for Border, 
                        Immigration, and Trade Policy.
                            ``(vii) The Assistant Secretary for Cyber, 
                        Infrastructure, and Resilience Policy.
                            ``(viii) The Assistant Secretary for 
                        Strategy, Planning, Analysis, and Risk.
                            ``(ix) The Assistant Secretary for State 
                        and Local Law Enforcement.''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(3) Assistant secretary for legislative affairs.--The 
        Assistant Secretary for Legislative Affairs shall oversee one 
        internal reporting structure for engaging with authorizing and 
        appropriating congressional committees.
            ``(4) Limitation on creation of positions.--No Assistant 
        Secretary position may be created in addition to the positions 
        provided for by this section unless such position is authorized 
        by a statute enacted after the date of the enactment of the 
        Department of Homeland Security Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Years 2018 and 2019.''.
    (d) Homeland Security Advisory Council.--Subsection (b) of section 
102 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 112) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) shall establish a Homeland Security Advisory Council 
        to provide advice and recommendations on homeland security-
        related matters, including advice with respect to the 
        preparation of the Quadrennial Homeland Security Review.''.
    (e) Prohibition on New Offices.--No new office may be created to 
perform functions transferred by this section, other than as provided 
in section 709 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as amended by this 
Act.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section each of the terms ``functions'', 
``assets'', and ``personnel'' has the meaning given each such term 
under section 2 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 101).
    (g) Duplication Review.--
            (1) Review required.--Not later than one year after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland 
        Security shall complete a review of the functions and 
        responsibilities of each Department of Homeland Security 
        component responsible for international affairs to identify and 
        eliminate areas of unnecessary duplication.
            (2) Submission to congress.--Not later than 30 days after 
        the completion of the review required under paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall provide the results of the review to the 
        Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives 
        and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs 
        of the Senate.
            (3) Action plan.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional homeland security committees an action plan, 
        including corrective steps and an estimated date of completion, 
        to address areas of duplication, fragmentation, and overlap and 
        opportunities for cost savings and revenue enhancement, as 
        identified by the Government Accountability Office based on the 
        annual report of the Government Accountability Office entitled 
        ``Additional Opportunities to Reduce Fragmentation, Overlap, 
        and Duplication and Achieve Other Financial Benefits''.

SEC. 1109. OFFICE OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS.

    (a) In General.--Title VII of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 341 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
section:

``SEC. 709. OFFICE OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS.

    ``(a) In General.--There is established in the Department an Office 
of External Affairs.
    ``(b) Head of the Office.--The Office of External Affairs shall be 
headed by a Principal Assistant Secretary for External Affairs, who 
shall be appointed by the Secretary. The Principal Assistant Secretary 
shall report to the Secretary.
    ``(c) Composition.--The Office of External Affairs shall include 
the following components:
            ``(1) The Office of Legislative Affairs, led by the 
        Assistant Secretary for Legislative Affairs who shall report to 
        the Principal Assistant Secretary for External Affairs.
            ``(2) The Office of Public Affairs, led by the Assistant 
        Secretary for Public Affairs who shall report to the Principal 
        Assistant Secretary for External Affairs.
            ``(3) The Office of Partnership and Engagement, led by the 
        Assistant Secretary for Partnership and Engagement who shall 
        report to the Principal Assistant Secretary for External 
        Affairs.
    ``(d) Assistant Secretary for Partnership and Engagement.--The 
Assistant Secretary for Partnership and Engagement shall be appointed 
by the Secretary and shall--
            ``(1) lead the efforts of the Department to incorporate 
        external feedback from stakeholders into policy and strategic 
        planning efforts, as appropriate, in consultation with the 
        Office for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties;
            ``(2) conduct the activities specified in section 2006(b);
            ``(3) advise the Secretary on the effects of the policies, 
        regulations, processes, and actions of the Department on the 
        private sector and create and foster strategic communications 
        with the private sector to enhance the primary mission of the 
        Department to protect the homeland;
            ``(4) coordinate the activities of the Department relating 
        to State and local government;
            ``(5) provide State and local governments with regular 
        information, research, and technical support to assist local 
        efforts at securing the homeland; and
            ``(6) perform such other functions as are established by 
        law or delegated by the Secretary.''.
    (b) Transfer of Functions, Assets, and Personnel of Office for 
State and Local Law Enforcement.--The functions authorized to be 
performed by the Office for State and Local Law Enforcement of the 
Department of Homeland Security as of the day before the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and the assets and personnel associated with 
such functions, are transferred to the Office of Partnership and 
Engagement under section 709 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as 
added by this section.
    (c) Abolishment of Office for State and Local Government 
Coordination.--
            (1) In general.--The Office for State and Local Government 
        Coordination of the Department of Homeland Security is 
        abolished.
            (2) Transfer of functions and assets.--The functions 
        authorized to be performed by such Office for State and Local 
        Government Coordination immediately on the day before the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, and the assets and personnel 
        associated with such functions, are transferred to the Office 
        of Partnership and Engagement under section 709 of the Homeland 
        Security Act of 2002, as added by this section.
            (3) Conforming amendment.--The Homeland Security Act of 
        2002 is amended by striking section 801 (6 U.S.C. 631).
            (4) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents in section 
        1(b) of such Act is amended by striking the item relating to 
        section 801.
    (d) Abolishment of Special Assistant to Secretary of Homeland 
Security.--
            (1) In general.--The Special Assistant to the Secretary 
        authorized by section 102(f) of the Homeland Security Act of 
        2002 (6 U.S.C. 112(f)), as in effect on the day before the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, is abolished.
            (2) Transfer of functions and assets.--The functions 
        authorized to be performed by such Special Assistant to the 
        Secretary immediately before the enactment of this Act, and the 
        assets and personnel associated with such functions, are 
        transferred to the Office of Partnership and Engagement under 
        section 709 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as added by 
        this section.
            (3) Conforming amendment.--Section 102 of the Homeland 
        Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 112) is amended by striking 
        subsection (f).
    (e) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 708 (as redesignated pursuant to section 
1705(o) of this Act) the following new item:

``Sec. 709. Office of External Affairs.''.

SEC. 1110. CHIEF PROCUREMENT OFFICER.

    (a) In General.--Title VII of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 341 et seq.), as amended by this Act, is further amended by 
adding at the end the following new section:

``SEC. 710. CHIEF PROCUREMENT OFFICER.

    ``(a) In General.--There is in the Department a Chief Procurement 
Officer, who shall serve as a senior business advisor to agency 
officials on procurement-related matters and report directly to the 
Under Secretary for Management. The Chief Procurement Officer is the 
senior procurement executive for purposes of subsection (c) of section 
1702 of title 41, United States Code, and shall perform procurement 
functions as specified in such subsection.
    ``(b) Responsibilities.--The Chief Procurement Officer shall--
            ``(1) delegate or retain contracting authority, as 
        appropriate;
            ``(2) issue procurement policies and oversee the heads of 
        contracting activity of the Department to ensure compliance 
        with those policies;
            ``(3) serve as the main liaison of the Department to 
        industry on procurement-related issues;
            ``(4) account for the integrity, performance, and oversight 
        of Department procurement and contracting functions;
            ``(5) ensure that procurement contracting strategies and 
        plans are consistent with the intent and direction of the 
        Acquisition Review Board;
            ``(6) oversee a centralized acquisition workforce 
        certification and training program using, as appropriate, 
        existing best practices and acquisition training opportunities 
        from the Federal Government, private sector, or universities 
        and colleges to include training on how best to identify 
        actions that warrant referrals for suspension or debarment;
            ``(7) provide input on the periodic performance reviews of 
        each head of contracting activity of the Department;
            ``(8) collect baseline data and use such data to establish 
        performance measures on the impact of strategic sourcing 
        initiatives on the private sector, including small businesses;
            ``(9) establish and implement policies and procedures to 
        effectively monitor and manage vulnerabilities in the supply 
        chain for all Department purchases;
            ``(10) ensure that a fair proportion of the value of 
        Federal contracts and subcontracts are awarded to small 
        businesses (in accordance with the procurement contract goals 
        under section 15(g) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
        644(g)), maximize opportunities for small business 
        participation in such contracts, and ensure, to the extent 
        practicable, small businesses that achieve qualified vendor 
        status for security-related technologies are provided an 
        opportunity to compete for contracts for such technology;
            ``(11) conduct oversight of implementation of 
        administrative agreements to resolve suspension or debarment 
        proceedings; and
            ``(12) carry out any other procurement duties that the 
        Under Secretary for Management may designate.
    ``(c) Head of Contracting Activity Defined.--In this section the 
term `head of contracting activity' means an official responsible for 
the creation, management, and oversight of a team of procurement 
professionals properly trained, certified, and warranted to accomplish 
the acquisition of products and services on behalf of the designated 
components, offices, and organizations of the Department, and as 
authorized, other government entities.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as amended by this Act, is further 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 709 the 
following new item:

``Sec. 710. Chief Procurement Officer.''.

SEC. 1111. CHIEF SECURITY OFFICER.

    (a) In General.--Title VII of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 341 et seq.) is further amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 710, as added by this Act, the following new 
section:

``SEC. 711. CHIEF SECURITY OFFICER.

    ``(a) In General.--There is in the Department a Chief Security 
Officer, who shall report directly to the Under Secretary for 
Management.
    ``(b) Responsibilities.--The Chief Security Officer shall--
            ``(1) develop and implement the security policies, 
        programs, and standards of the Department;
            ``(2) identify training and provide education to Department 
        personnel on security-related matters; and
            ``(3) provide support to Department components on security-
        related matters.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
such Act is further amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 710, as added by this Act, the following new item:

``Sec. 711. Chief Security Officer.''.

SEC. 1112. OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--
            (1) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
                    (A) The Inspector General Act of 1978 mandates that 
                Inspectors General are to conduct audits and 
                investigations relating to the programs and operations 
                of Federal departments to promote economy, efficiency, 
                and effectiveness in the administration of programs and 
                operations, and to prevent and detect fraud and abuse 
                in such programs and operations.
                    (B) The Inspector General Act of 1978 mandates that 
                Inspectors General are to provide a means for keeping 
                Federal departments and the Congress fully and 
                currently informed about problems and deficiencies 
                relating to the administration of such programs and 
                operations and the necessity for and progress of 
                corrective action.
                    (C) The Office of the Inspector General of the 
                Department of Homeland Security detects, investigates, 
                and prevents instances of waste, fraud, abuse, and 
                mismanagement within the Department, and offers 
                solutions for response.
                    (D) The Office of the Inspector General of the 
                Department of Homeland Security consistently produces 
                high-value, high-impact work that enhances the security 
                and safety of the homeland.
                    (E) The Inspector General of the Department of 
                Homeland Security provides the leadership and 
                accountability within the Office of the Inspector 
                General to oversee a cabinet-level agency.
                    (F) The Inspector General of the Department of 
                Homeland Security stands as a leader within the 
                Inspector General community through consistent 
                exemplary service.
                    (G) The Office of Inspector General of the 
                Department of Homeland Security offers the Federal 
                Government and American taxpayers an impressive return 
                on investment, measured in dollars spent versus dollars 
                saved.
                    (H) The Office of the Inspector General of the 
                Department of Homeland Security enhances the 
                Department's ability to effectively and efficiently 
                administer laws.
            (2) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
        the Inspector General of the Department of Homeland Security 
        plays a vital role in fulfilling the Department's daily 
        missions.
    (b) Notification.--The heads of offices and components of the 
Department of Homeland Security shall promptly advise the Inspector 
General of the Department of all allegations of misconduct with respect 
to which the Inspector General has investigative authority under the 
Inspector General Act of 1978. The Inspector General may waive the 
notification requirement under this subsection with respect to any 
category or subset of allegations of misconduct.
    (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be construed 
as affecting the authority of the Secretary of Homeland Security under 
subsection (a) of section 8I of the Inspector General Act of 1978 (5 
U.S.C. App. 8I).

SEC. 1113. OFFICE FOR CIVIL RIGHTS AND CIVIL LIBERTIES.

    (a) In General.--Section 705 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 
(6 U.S.C. 345) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``establishment of 
        officer for'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c); and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(b) Office for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties.--There is in the 
Department an Office for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties. Under the 
direction of the Officer for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties, the 
Office shall support the Officer in the following:
            ``(1) Integrating civil rights and civil liberties into 
        activities of the Department by conducting programs and 
        providing policy advice and other technical assistance.
            ``(2) Investigating complaints and information indicating 
        possible abuses of civil rights or civil liberties, unless the 
        Inspector General of the Department determines that any such 
        complaint or information should be investigated by the 
        Inspector General.
            ``(3) Carrying out the Department's equal employment 
        opportunity and diversity policies and programs, including 
        complaint management and adjudication.
            ``(4) Communicating with individuals and communities whose 
        civil rights and civil liberties may be affected by Department 
        activities.
            ``(5) Any other activities as assigned by the Officer.''.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated $22,571,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 and 2019 to 
carry out section 705 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as amended 
by subsection (a) of this section.

SEC. 1114. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY ROTATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Enhancements to the Rotation Program.--Section 844 of the 
Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6) U.S.C. 414) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(a) Establishment.--'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (5) as 
        subsections (a) through (e), respectively, and adjusting the 
        margins accordingly;
            (3) in subsection (a), as so redesignated--
                    (A) by striking ``Not later than 180 days after the 
                date of enactment of this section, the'' and inserting 
                ``The''; and
                    (B) by striking ``for employees of the Department'' 
                and inserting ``for certain personnel within the 
                Department'';
            (4) in subsection (b), as so redesignated--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (G) 
                as paragraphs (3) through (9), respectively, and 
                adjusting the margins accordingly;
                    (B) by inserting before paragraph (3), as so 
                redesignated, the following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) seek to foster greater departmental integration and 
        unity of effort;
            ``(2) seek to help enhance the knowledge, skills, and 
        abilities of participating personnel with respect to the 
        programs, policies, and activities of the Department;'';
                    (C) in paragraph (4), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``middle and senior level''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (7), as so redesignated, by 
                inserting before ``invigorate'' the following: ``seek 
                to improve morale and retention throughout the 
                Department and'';
            (5) in subsection (c), as redesignated by paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as 
                paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively, and adjusting the 
                margins accordingly; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), as so redesignated--
                            (i) by striking clause (iii); and
                            (ii) by redesignating clauses (i), (ii), 
                        and (iv) through (viii) as subparagraphs (A) 
                        through (G), respectively, and adjusting the 
                        margins accordingly;
            (6) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e), as 
        redesignated by paragraph (2), as subsections (e) and (f), 
        respectively;
            (7) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(d) Administrative Matters.--In carrying out the Rotation Program 
the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) before selecting employees for participation in the 
        Rotation Program, disseminate information broadly within the 
        Department about the availability of the Rotation Program, 
        qualifications for participation in the Rotation Program, 
        including full-time employment within the employing component 
        or office not less than one year, and the general provisions of 
        the Rotation Program;
            ``(2) require as a condition of participation in the 
        Rotation Program that an employee--
                    ``(A) is nominated by the head of the component or 
                office employing the employee; and
                    ``(B) is selected by the Secretary, or the 
                Secretary's designee, solely on the basis of relative 
                ability, knowledge, and skills, after fair and open 
                competition that assures that all candidates receive 
                equal opportunity;
            ``(3) ensure that each employee participating in the 
        Rotation Program shall be entitled to return, within a 
        reasonable period of time after the end of the period of 
        participation, to the position held by the employee, or a 
        corresponding or higher position, in the component or office 
        that employed the employee prior to the participation of the 
        employee in the Rotation Program;
            ``(4) require that the rights that would be available to 
        the employee if the employee were detailed from the employing 
        component or office to another Federal agency or office remain 
        available to the employee during the employee participation in 
        the Rotation Program; and
            ``(5) require that, during the period of participation by 
        an employee in the Rotation Program, performance evaluations 
        for the employee--
                    ``(A) shall be conducted by officials in the office 
                or component employing the employee with input from the 
                supervisors of the employee at the component or office 
                in which the employee is placed during that period; and
                    ``(B) shall be provided the same weight with 
                respect to promotions and other rewards as performance 
                evaluations for service in the office or component 
                employing the employee.''; and
            (8) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Intelligence Rotational Assignment Program.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish an 
        Intelligence Rotational Assignment Program as part of the 
        Rotation Program under subsection (a).
            ``(2) Administration.--The Chief Human Capital Officer, in 
        conjunction with the Chief Intelligence Officer, shall 
        administer the Intelligence Rotational Assignment Program 
        established pursuant to paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Eligiblity.--The Intelligence Rotational Assignment 
        Program established pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be open to 
        employees serving in existing analyst positions within the 
        Department's Intelligence Enterprise and other Department 
        employees as determined appropriate by the Chief Human Capital 
        Officer and the Chief Intelligence Officer.
            ``(4) Coordination.--The responsibilities specified in 
        subsection (c)(2) that apply to the Rotation Program under such 
        subsection shall, as applicable, also apply to the Intelligence 
        Rotational Assignment Program under this subsection.''.
    (b) Congressional Notification and Oversight.--Not later than 120 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Homeland Security shall provide to the Committee on Homeland Security 
and the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
Affairs of the Senate information about the status of the Homeland 
Security Rotation Program authorized by section 844 of the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002, as amended by subsection (a) of this section.

SEC. 1115. FUTURE YEARS HOMELAND SECURITY PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 874 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 
(6 U.S.C. 454) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``year'' and 
        inserting ``years'';
            (2) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
    ``(a) In General.--Not later than 60 days after the date on which 
the budget of the President is submitted to Congress under section 
1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary shall submit to 
the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the 
Senate and the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
Representatives (referred to in this section as the `appropriate 
committees') a Future Years Homeland Security Program that covers the 
fiscal year for which the budget is submitted and the 4 succeeding 
fiscal years.''; and
            (3) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following 
        new subsections:
    ``(c) Projection of Acquisition Estimates.--On and after February 
1, 2018, each Future Years Homeland Security Program shall project--
            ``(1) acquisition estimates for the fiscal year for which 
        the budget is submitted and the four succeeding fiscal years, 
        with specified estimates for each fiscal year, for all major 
        acquisitions by the Department and each component of the 
        Department; and
            ``(2) estimated annual deployment schedules for all 
        physical asset major acquisitions over the five-fiscal-year 
        period described in paragraph (1) and the full operating 
        capability for all information technology major acquisitions.
    ``(d) Sensitive and Classified Information.--The Secretary may 
include with each Future Years Homeland Security Program a classified 
or other appropriately controlled document containing any information 
required to be submitted under this section that is restricted from 
public disclosure in accordance with Federal law or any Executive 
order.
    ``(e) Availability of Information to the Public.--The Secretary 
shall make available to the public in electronic form the information 
required to be submitted to the appropriate committees under this 
section, other than information described in subsection (d).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
such Act is further amended by striking the item relating to section 
874 and inserting the following new item:

``874. Future Years Homeland Security Program.''.

SEC. 1116. FIELD EFFICIENCIES PLAN.

            (1) In general.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security 
        shall submit to the Committee on Homeland Security and the 
        Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives and Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs of the Senate a field efficiencies plan 
        that--
                    (A) examines the facilities and administrative and 
                logistics functions of components of the Department of 
                Homeland Security located within designated geographic 
                areas; and
                    (B) provides specific recommendations and an 
                associated cost-benefit analysis for the consolidation 
                of the facilities and administrative and logistics 
                functions of components of the Department within each 
                designated geographic area.
            (2) Contents.--The field efficiencies plan submitted under 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) An accounting of leases held by the Department 
                or its components that have expired in the current 
                fiscal year or will be expiring in the next fiscal 
                year, that have begun or been renewed in the current 
                fiscal year, or that the Department or its components 
                plan to sign or renew in the next fiscal year.
                    (B) For each designated geographic area--
                            (i) An evaluation of specific facilities at 
                        which components, or operational entities of 
                        components, of the Department may be closed or 
                        consolidated, including consideration of when 
                        leases expire or facilities owned by the 
                        government become available.
                            (ii) An evaluation of potential 
                        consolidation with facilities of other Federal, 
                        State, or local entities, including--
                                    (I) offices;
                                    (II) warehouses;
                                    (III) training centers;
                                    (IV) housing;
                                    (V) ports, shore facilities, and 
                                airfields;
                                    (VI) laboratories; and
                                    (VII) other assets as determined by 
                                the Secretary.
                            (iii) An evaluation of the potential for 
                        the consolidation of administrative and 
                        logistics functions, including--
                                    (I) facility maintenance;
                                    (II) fleet vehicle services;
                                    (III) mail handling and shipping 
                                and receiving;
                                    (IV) facility security;
                                    (V) procurement of goods and 
                                services;
                                    (VI) information technology and 
                                telecommunications services and 
                                support; and
                                    (VII) additional ways to improve 
                                unity of effort and cost savings for 
                                field operations and related support 
                                activities as determined by the 
                                Secretary.
                    (C) An implementation plan, including--
                            (i) near-term actions that can co-locate, 
                        consolidate, or dispose of property within 24 
                        months;
                            (ii) identifying long-term occupancy 
                        agreements or leases that cannot be changed 
                        without a significant cost to the Government; 
                        and
                            (iii) how the Department can ensure it has 
                        the capacity, in both personnel and funds, 
                        needed to cover up-front costs to achieve 
                        consolidation and efficiencies.
                    (D) An accounting of any consolidation of the real 
                estate footprint of the Department or any component of 
                the Department, including the co-location of personnel 
                from different components, offices, and agencies within 
                the Department.

SEC. 1117. SUBMISSION TO CONGRESS OF INFORMATION REGARDING 
              REPROGRAMMING OR TRANSFER OF DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND 
              SECURITY RESOURCES TO RESPOND TO OPERATIONAL SURGES.

    (a) In General.--Title VII of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``SEC. 712. ANNUAL SUBMITTAL TO CONGRESS OF INFORMATION ON 
              REPROGRAMMING OR TRANSFERS OF FUNDS TO RESPOND TO 
              OPERATIONAL SURGES.

    ``For each fiscal year until fiscal year 2023, the Secretary of 
Homeland Security shall provide to the Committee on Homeland Security 
of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security 
and Governmental Affairs of the Senate, together with the annual budget 
request for the Department, information on--
            ``(1) any circumstance during the year covered by the 
        report in which the Secretary exercised the authority to 
        reprogram or transfer funds to address unforeseen costs, 
        including costs associated with operational surges; and
            ``(2) any circumstance in which any limitation on the 
        transfer or reprogramming of funds affected the ability of the 
        Secretary to address such unforeseen costs.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
such Act is further amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 711, as added by this Act, the following new item:

``712. Annual submittal to Congress of information on reprogramming or 
                            transfers of funds to respond to 
                            operational surges.''.

SEC. 1118. REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COST SAVINGS AND EFFICIENCY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than two years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security, acting 
through the Under Secretary of Homeland Security for Management, shall 
submit to the congressional homeland security committees a report that 
includes each of the following:
            (1) A detailed accounting of the management and 
        administrative expenditures and activities of each component of 
        the Department of Homeland Security and identifies potential 
        cost savings, avoidances, and efficiencies for those 
        expenditures and activities.
            (2) An examination of major physical assets of the 
        Department, as defined by the Secretary;
            (3) A review of the size, experience level, and geographic 
        distribution of the operational personnel of the Department.
            (4) Recommendations for adjustments in the management and 
        administration of the Department that would reduce deficiencies 
        in the capabilities of the Department, reduce costs, and 
        enhance efficiencies.
    (b) Form of Report.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
be submitted in unclassified form but may include a classified annex.

SEC. 1119. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AND CBRNE ORGANIZATIONAL REVIEW.

    (a) Department of Homeland Security Research and Development 
Activities.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Homeland Security shall 
        assess the organization and management of the Department of 
        Homeland Security's research and development activities, and 
        shall develop and submit to the Committee on Homeland Security 
        and the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the 
        House of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security 
        and Governmental Affairs of the Senate, not later than six 
        months after the date of the enactment of this Act, a proposed 
        organizational structure for the efficient and effective 
        management of such research and development activities.
            (2) Organizational justification.--The proposed 
        organizational structure for the management of the Department 
        of Homeland Security's research and development activities 
        included in the assessment required under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A discussion of the methodology for determining 
                such proposed organizational structure.
                    (B) A comprehensive inventory of research and 
                development activities of the Department, and the 
                proposed location of each activity under such proposed 
                organizational structure, including a description of 
                the effects on specific directorates and offices based 
                on any proposed relocation of their activities.
                    (C) Information relating to how such proposed 
                organizational structure will facilitate and promote 
                enhanced coordination and better collaboration between 
                the research and development activities of the 
                Department and the offices and components of the 
                Department, including a specific description of 
                operational challenges resulting from the current 
                organizational structure and a detailed explanation of 
                how the proposed organizational structure will address 
                such challenges.
                    (D) Information relating to how such proposed 
                organizational structure will support the development 
                of research and development priorities and capabilities 
                across the Department.
                    (E) A discussion of any resulting cost savings and 
                efficiencies from such proposed organizational 
                structure.
                    (F) Recommendations for any necessary statutory 
                changes, an explanation of why no statutory or 
                organizational changes are necessary, or a request for 
                additional time to complete the organizational 
                justification.
    (b) Department of Homeland Security Chemical, Biological, 
Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives Activities.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Homeland Security shall--
                    (A) assess the organization and management of the 
                Department of Homeland Security's chemical, biological, 
                radiological, nuclear, and explosives activities, 
                including the activities of the Office of Health 
                Affairs, the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office, and the 
                Office for Bombing Prevention; and
                    (B) by not later than six months after the date of 
                the enactment of this Act, develop and submit to the 
                Committee on Homeland Security and the Committee on 
                Science, Space, and Technology of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security 
                and Governmental Affairs of the Senate a proposed 
                organizational structure to ensure enhanced 
                coordination, effectiveness, and efficiency by 
                providing strengthened chemical, biological, 
                radiological, nuclear, and explosives capabilities in 
                support of homeland security.
            (2) Organizational justification.--The proposed 
        organizational structure for the management of the Department 
        of Homeland Security's chemical, biological, radiological, 
        nuclear, and explosives activities included in the assessment 
        required under paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) A discussion of the methodology for determining 
                such proposed organizational structure.
                    (B) A comprehensive inventory of chemical, 
                biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosives 
                activities of the Department, and the proposed location 
                of each activity under such proposed organizational 
                structure.
                    (C) Information relating to how such proposed 
                organizational structure will enhance the development 
                of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and 
                explosives priorities and capabilities across the 
                Department, including a specific description of 
                operational challenges resulting from the current 
                organizational structure and a detailed explanation of 
                how the proposed organizational structure will address 
                such challenges.
                    (D) A discussion of any resulting cost savings and 
                efficiencies from such proposed organizational 
                structure.
                    (E) Recommendations for any necessary statutory 
                changes, an explanation of why no statutory or 
                organizational changes are necessary, or a request for 
                additional time to complete the organizational 
                justification.
    (c) Review Required.--Not later than three months after the 
submission of the proposed organizational justifications required under 
subsections (a)(1) and (b)(1), the Comptroller General of the United 
States shall submit to the Committee on Homeland Security and the 
Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
Affairs of the Senate a review of the organizational justifications. 
The review shall consider how the proposed organizational realignment, 
or lack thereof, of research and development activities and chemical, 
biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosives activities will 
improve or impede the Department's ongoing efforts is such mission 
areas, including an assessment of--
            (1) any potential cost savings or additional costs incurred 
        as a result of any proposed organizational realignment;
            (2) an assessment of the comparison of benefits and costs 
        of the proposed organizational structure;
            (3) the extent to which the organizational justification 
        submitted pursuant to subsections (a)(1) and (b)(1) fully 
        assesses, documents, and addresses any potential problems that 
        could result from any proposed organizational realignment;
            (4) the extent to which the organizational justification 
        identifies specific deficiencies in operations resulting from 
        the existing organizational structure of the Department and an 
        explanation of how any proposed realignment will address such 
        deficiencies;
            (5) the extent to which the Department solicited and 
        incorporated the feedback of its workforce in the proposed 
        organizational structure; and
            (6) the extent to which the Department conducted and 
        incorporated stakeholder outreach in developing the proposed 
        organizational structure.

SEC. 1120. ACTIVITIES RELATED TO CHILDREN.

    Paragraph (6) of subsection (c) of section 708 of the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 349(c)), as redesignated by section 410 
of this Act, is amended by inserting ``, including feedback from 
organizations representing the needs of children,'' after ``stakeholder 
feedback''.

             Subtitle B--Human Resources and Other Matters

SEC. 1131. CHIEF HUMAN CAPITAL OFFICER RESPONSIBILITIES.

    Section 704 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 344) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by inserting ``, including with respect 
                        to leader development and employee 
                        engagement,'' after ``policies'';
                            (ii) by striking ``and in line'' and 
                        inserting ``, in line''; and
                            (iii) by inserting ``and informed by best 
                        practices within the Federal government and the 
                        private sector,'' after ``priorities,'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``develop 
                performance measures to provide a basis for monitoring 
                and evaluating'' and inserting ``evaluate, on an 
                ongoing basis,'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``that, to the 
                extent practicable, are informed by employee 
                feedback,'' after ``policies'';
                    (D) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``including 
                leader development and employee engagement programs,'' 
                before ``in coordination'';
                    (E) in paragraph (5), by inserting before the 
                semicolon at the end the following: ``that is informed 
                by an assessment, carried out by the Chief Human 
                Capital Officer, of the learning and developmental 
                needs of employees in supervisory and non-supervisory 
                roles across the Department and appropriate workforce 
                planning initiatives'';
                    (F) by redesignating paragraphs (9) and (10) as 
                paragraphs (11) and (12), respectively; and
                    (G) by inserting after paragraph (8) the following 
                new paragraphs:
            ``(9) maintain a catalogue of available employee 
        development opportunities, including the Homeland Security 
        Rotation Program pursuant to section 844, departmental 
        leadership development programs, interagency development 
        programs, and other rotational programs;
            ``(10) ensure that employee discipline and adverse action 
        programs comply with the requirements of all pertinent laws, 
        rules, regulations, and Federal guidance, and ensure due 
        process for employees;'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
        (e) and (f), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(d) Chief Learning and Engagement Officer.--The Chief Human 
Capital Officer may designate an employee of the Department to serve as 
a Chief Learning and Engagement Officer to assist the Chief Human 
Capital Officer in carrying out this section.''; and
            (4) in subsection (e), as so redesignated--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) 
                as paragraphs (5), (6), and (7), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
                new paragraphs:
            ``(2) information on employee development opportunities 
        catalogued pursuant to paragraph (9) of subsection (b) and any 
        available data on participation rates, attrition rates, and 
        impacts on retention and employee satisfaction;
            ``(3) information on the progress of Department-wide 
        strategic workforce planning efforts as determined under 
        paragraph (2) of subsection (b);
            ``(4) information on the activities of the steering 
        committee established pursuant to section 710(a), including the 
        number of meeting, types of materials developed and 
        distributed, and recommendations made to the Secretary;''.

SEC. 1132. EMPLOYEE ENGAGEMENT STEERING COMMITTEE AND ACTION PLAN.

    (a) In General.--Title VII of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 341 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
section:

``SEC. 714. EMPLOYEE ENGAGEMENT.

    ``(a) Steering Committee.--Not later than 120 days after the date 
of the enactment of this section, the Secretary shall establish an 
employee engagement steering committee, including representatives from 
operational components, headquarters, and field personnel, including 
supervisory and non-supervisory personnel, and employee labor 
organizations that represent Department employees, and chaired by the 
Under Secretary for Management, to carry out the following activities:
            ``(1) Identify factors that have a negative impact on 
        employee engagement, morale, and communications within the 
        Department, such as perceptions about limitations on career 
        progression, mobility, or development opportunities, collected 
        through employee feedback platforms, including through annual 
        employee surveys, questionnaires, and other communications, as 
        appropriate.
            ``(2) Identify, develop, and distribute initiatives and 
        best practices to improve employee engagement, morale, and 
        communications within the Department, including through annual 
        employee surveys, questionnaires, and other communications, as 
        appropriate.
            ``(3) Monitor efforts of each component to address employee 
        engagement, morale, and communications based on employee 
        feedback provided through annual employee surveys, 
        questionnaires, and other communications, as appropriate.
            ``(4) Advise the Secretary on efforts to improve employee 
        engagement, morale, and communications within specific 
        components and across the Department.
            ``(5) Conduct regular meetings and report, not less than 
        once per quarter, to the Under Secretary for Management, the 
        head of each component, and the Secretary on Department-wide 
        efforts to improve employee engagement, morale, and 
        communications.
    ``(b) Action Plan; Reporting.--The Secretary, acting through the 
Chief Human Capital Officer, shall--
            ``(1) not later than 120 days after the date of the 
        establishment of the steering committee under subsection (a), 
        issue a Department-wide employee engagement action plan, 
        reflecting input from the employee engagement steering 
        committee established pursuant to subsection (a) and employee 
        feedback provided through annual employee surveys, 
        questionnaires, and other communications in accordance with 
        paragraph (1) of such subsection, to execute strategies to 
        improve employee engagement, morale, and communications within 
        the Department; and
            ``(2) require the head of each component to--
                    ``(A) develop and implement a component-specific 
                employee engagement plan to advance the action plan 
                required under paragraph (1) that includes performance 
                measures and objectives, is informed by employee 
                feedback provided through annual employee surveys, 
                questionnaires, and other communications, as 
                appropriate, and sets forth how employees and, where 
                applicable, their labor representatives are to be 
                integrated in developing programs and initiatives;
                    ``(B) monitor progress on implementation of such 
                action plan; and
                    ``(C) provide to the Chief Human Capital Officer 
                and the steering committee quarterly reports on actions 
                planned and progress made under this paragraph.
    ``(c) Termination.--This section shall terminate on the date that 
is five years after the date of the enactment of this section.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is amended by inserting after the 
item related to section 713, as added by this Act, the following new 
item:

``Sec. 714. Employee engagement.''.
    (c) Submissions to Congress.--
            (1) Department-wide employee engagement action plan.--The 
        Secretary of Homeland Security, acting through the Chief Human 
        Capital Officer of the Department of Homeland Security, shall 
        submit to the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs of the Senate the Department-wide employee 
        engagement action plan required under subsection (b)(1) of 
        section 714 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (as added by 
        subsection (a) of this section) not later than 30 days after 
        the issuance of such plan under such subsection (b)(1).
            (2) Component-specific employee engagement plans.--Each 
        head of a component of the Department of Homeland Security 
        shall submit to the Committee on Homeland Security of the House 
        of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs of the Senate the component-specific 
        employee engagement plan of each such component required under 
        subsection (b)(2) of section 714 of the Homeland Security Act 
        of 2002 (as added by subsection (a) of this section) not later 
        than 30 days after the issuance of each such plan under such 
        subsection (b)(2).

SEC. 1133. ANNUAL EMPLOYEE AWARD PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Title VII of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 341 et seq.), as amended by this Act, is further amended by 
adding at the end the following new section:

``SEC. 715. ANNUAL EMPLOYEE AWARD PROGRAM.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may establish an annual employee 
award program to recognize Department employees or groups of employees 
for significant contributions to the achievement of the Department's 
goals and missions. If such a program is established, the Secretary 
shall--
            ``(1) establish within such program categories of awards, 
        each with specific criteria, that emphasizes honoring employees 
        who are at the non-supervisory level;
            ``(2) publicize within the Department how any employee or 
        group of employees may be nominated for an award;
            ``(3) establish an internal review board comprised of 
        representatives from Department components, headquarters, and 
        field personnel to submit to the Secretary award 
        recommendations regarding specific employees or groups of 
        employees;
            ``(4) select recipients from the pool of nominees submitted 
        by the internal review board under paragraph (3) and convene a 
        ceremony at which employees or groups of employees receive such 
        awards from the Secretary; and
            ``(5) publicize such program within the Department.
    ``(b) Internal Review Board.--The internal review board described 
in subsection (a)(3) shall, when carrying out its function under such 
subsection, consult with representatives from operational components 
and headquarters, including supervisory and non-supervisory personnel, 
and employee labor organizations that represent Department employees.
    ``(c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed to authorize additional funds to carry out the requirements 
of this section or to require the Secretary to provide monetary bonuses 
to recipients of an award under this section.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as amended this Act, is further 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 714 the 
following new item:

``Sec. 715. Annual employee award program.''.

SEC. 1134. INDEPENDENT INVESTIGATION AND IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act or the issuance of a report by the Inspector 
General of the Department of Homeland Security on the extent to which 
the Department has an equitable and consistent disciplinary process, 
whichever is later, but in no case later than one year after such date 
of enactment, the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
utilize, if available, such report and investigate whether the 
application of discipline and adverse actions are administered in an 
equitable and consistent manner that results in the same or 
substantially similar disciplinary outcomes across the Department for 
misconduct by a non-supervisory or supervisor employee who engaged in 
the same or substantially similar misconduct.
    (b) Consultation.--In carrying out the investigation described in 
subsection (a), the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
consult with the employee engagement steering committee established 
pursuant to subsection (b)(1) of section 714 of the Homeland Security 
Act of 2002 (as added by this Act).
    (c) Action by Under Secretary for Management.--Upon completion of 
the investigation described in subsection (a), the Under Secretary for 
Management of the Department of Homeland Security shall review the 
findings and recommendations of such investigation and implement a 
plan, in consultation with the employee engagement steering committee 
established pursuant to subsection (b)(1) of section 714 of the 
Homeland Security Act of 2002, to correct any relevant deficiencies 
identified by the Comptroller General of the United States. The Under 
Secretary for Management shall direct the employee engagement steering 
committee to review such plan to inform committee activities and action 
plans authorized under such section 714.

SEC. 1135. TIMELY GUIDANCE TO DHS PERSONNEL REGARDING EXECUTIVE ORDERS.

    (a) In General.--Title VII of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``SEC. 716. TIMELY GUIDANCE TO PERSONNEL REGARDING EXECUTIVE ORDERS.

    ``To the maximum extent practicable, before any Executive order 
affecting Department functions, programs, or operations takes effect, 
the Secretary, in coordination with the heads of relevant Department 
components and offices, shall make every effort to, as expeditiously as 
possible, provide to relevant Department personnel written guidance 
regarding how such Executive order is to be implemented.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
such Act is further amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 715, as added by this Act, the following new item:

``Sec. 716. Timely guidance to personnel regarding Executive orders.''.

SEC. 1136. SECRETARY'S RESPONSIBILITIES REGARDING ELECTION 
              INFRASTRUCTURE.

    The Secretary of Homeland Security shall continue to prioritize the 
provision of assistance, on a voluntary basis, to State and local 
election officials in recognition of the importance of election 
infrastructure to the United States and that its incapacity or 
destruction would have a debilitating impact on national security, and 
that state and non-state adversaries should not compromise election 
infrastructure.

 TITLE II--DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY ACQUISITION ACCOUNTABILITY 
                             AND EFFICIENCY

SEC. 1201. DEFINITIONS.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle D of title VIII of the Homeland Security 
Act of 2002 is amended by inserting before section 831 the following 
new section:

``SEC. 830. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this subtitle:
            ``(1) The term `acquisition' has the meaning given such 
        term in section 131 of title 41, United States Code.
            ``(2) The term `acquisition decision authority' means the 
        authority, held by the Secretary acting through the Deputy 
        Secretary or Under Secretary for Management to--
                    ``(A) ensure compliance with Federal law, the 
                Federal Acquisition Regulation, and Department 
                acquisition management directives;
                    ``(B) review (including approving, pausing, 
                modifying, or canceling) an acquisition program through 
                the life cycle of such program;
                    ``(C) ensure that acquisition program managers have 
                the resources necessary to successfully execute an 
                approved acquisition program;
                    ``(D) ensure good acquisition program management of 
                cost, schedule, risk, and system performance of the 
                acquisition program at issue, including assessing 
                acquisition program baseline breaches and directing any 
                corrective action for such breaches; and
                    ``(E) ensure that acquisition program managers, on 
                an ongoing basis, monitor cost, schedule, and 
                performance against established baselines and use tools 
                to assess risks to an acquisition program at all phases 
                of the life cycle of such program to avoid and mitigate 
                acquisition program baseline breaches.
            ``(3) The term `acquisition decision event' means, with 
        respect to an acquisition program, a predetermined point within 
        each of the acquisition phases at which the acquisition 
        decision authority determines whether such acquisition program 
        shall proceed to the next acquisition phase.
            ``(4) The term `acquisition decision memorandum' means, 
        with respect to an acquisition, the official acquisition 
        decision event record that includes a documented record of 
        decisions, exit criteria, and assigned actions for such 
        acquisition, as determined by the person exercising acquisition 
        decision authority for such acquisition.
            ``(5) The term `acquisition program' means the process by 
        which the Department acquires, with any appropriated amounts, 
        by contract for purchase or lease, property or services 
        (including construction) that support the missions and goals of 
        the Department.
            ``(6) The term `acquisition program baseline', with respect 
        to an acquisition program, means a summary of the cost, 
        schedule, and performance parameters, expressed in standard, 
        measurable, quantitative terms, which must be met in order to 
        accomplish the goals of such program.
            ``(7) The term `best practices', with respect to 
        acquisition, means a knowledge-based approach to capability 
        development that includes--
                    ``(A) identifying and validating needs;
                    ``(B) assessing alternatives to select the most 
                appropriate solution;
                    ``(C) clearly establishing well-defined 
                requirements;
                    ``(D) developing realistic cost assessments and 
                schedules;
                    ``(E) securing stable funding that matches 
                resources to requirements;
                    ``(F) demonstrating technology, design, and 
                manufacturing maturity;
                    ``(G) using milestones and exit criteria or 
                specific accomplishments that demonstrate progress;
                    ``(H) adopting and executing standardized processes 
                with known success across programs;
                    ``(I) establishing an adequate workforce that is 
                qualified and sufficient to perform necessary 
                functions; and
                    ``(J) integrating the capabilities described in 
                subparagraphs (A) through (I) into the Department's 
                mission and business operations.
            ``(8) The term `breach', with respect to a major 
        acquisition program, means a failure to meet any cost, 
        schedule, or performance threshold specified in the most 
        recently approved acquisition program baseline.
            ``(9) The term `congressional homeland security committees' 
        means--
                    ``(A) the Committee on Homeland Security of the 
                House of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland 
                Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate; and
                    ``(B) the Committee on Appropriations of the House 
                of Representatives and of the Senate.
            ``(10) The term `Component Acquisition Executive' means the 
        senior acquisition official within a component who is 
        designated in writing by the Under Secretary for Management, in 
        consultation with the component head, with authority and 
        responsibility for leading a process and staff to provide 
        acquisition and program management oversight, policy, and 
        guidance to ensure that statutory, regulatory, and higher level 
        policy requirements are fulfilled, including compliance with 
        Federal law, the Federal Acquisition Regulation, and Department 
        acquisition management directives established by the Under 
        Secretary for Management.
            ``(11) The term `life cycle cost' means the total ownership 
        cost of an acquisition, including all relevant costs related to 
        acquiring, owning, operating, maintaining, and disposing of the 
        system, project, or product over a specified period of time.
            ``(12) The term `major acquisition program' means a 
        Department acquisition program that is estimated by the 
        Secretary to require an eventual total expenditure of at least 
        $300,000,000 (based on fiscal year 2017 constant dollars) over 
        its life cycle cost.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
such Act is further amended by inserting before the item relating to 
section 831 the following new item:

``830. Definitions.''.

                  Subtitle A--Acquisition Authorities

SEC. 1211. ACQUISITION AUTHORITIES FOR UNDER SECRETARY FOR MANAGEMENT 
              OF THE DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY.

    Section 701 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 341) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2), by inserting ``and acquisition 
        management'' after ``procurement'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
        (e) and (f), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(d) Acquisition and Related Responsibilities.--
            ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding subsection (a) of 
        section 1702 of title 41, United States Code, the Under 
        Secretary for Management is the Chief Acquisition Officer of 
        the Department. As Chief Acquisition Officer, the Under 
        Secretary shall have the authorities and perform the functions 
        specified in subsection (b) of such section and shall perform 
        all other functions and responsibilities delegated by the 
        Secretary or described in this subsection.
            ``(2) Functions and responsibilities.--In addition to the 
        authorities and functions specified in section 1702(b) of title 
        41, United States Code, the functions and responsibilities of 
        the Under Secretary for Management related to acquisition 
        include the following:
                    ``(A) Advising the Secretary regarding acquisition 
                management activities, taking into account risks of 
                failure to achieve cost, schedule, or performance 
                parameters, to ensure that the Department achieves its 
                mission through the adoption of widely accepted program 
                management best practices and standards and, where 
                appropriate, acquisition innovation best practices.
                    ``(B) Leading the acquisition oversight body of the 
                Department, the Acquisition Review Board, and 
                exercising the acquisition decision authority to 
                approve, pause, modify (including the rescission of 
                approvals of program milestones), or cancel major 
                acquisition programs, unless the Under Secretary 
                delegates such authority to a Component Acquisition 
                Executive pursuant to paragraph (3).
                    ``(C) Establishing policies for acquisition that 
                implement an approach that takes into account risks of 
                failure to achieve cost, schedule, or performance 
                parameters that all components of the Department shall 
                comply with, including outlining relevant authorities 
                for program managers to effectively manage acquisition 
                programs.
                    ``(D) Ensuring that each major acquisition program 
                has a Department-approved acquisition program baseline, 
                pursuant to the Department's acquisition management 
                policy.
                    ``(E) Ensuring that the heads of components and 
                Component Acquisition Executives comply with Federal 
                law, the Federal Acquisition Regulation, and Department 
                acquisition management directives.
                    ``(F) Providing additional scrutiny and oversight 
                for an acquisition that is not a major acquisition if--
                            ``(i) the acquisition is for a program that 
                        is important to departmental strategic and 
                        performance plans;
                            ``(ii) the acquisition is for a program 
                        with significant program or policy 
                        implications; and
                            ``(iii) the Secretary determines that such 
                        scrutiny and oversight for the acquisition is 
                        proper and necessary.
                    ``(G) Ensuring that grants and financial assistance 
                are provided only to individuals and organizations that 
                are not suspended or debarred.
                    ``(H) Distributing guidance throughout the 
                Department to ensure that contractors involved in 
                acquisitions, particularly contractors that access the 
                Department's information systems and technologies, 
                adhere to relevant Department policies related to 
                physical and information security as identified by the 
                Under Secretary for Management.
                    ``(I) Overseeing the Component Acquisition 
                Executive organizational structure to ensure Component 
                Acquisition Executives have sufficient capabilities and 
                comply with Department acquisition policies.
                    ``(J) Ensuring acquisition decision memoranda 
                adequately document decisions made at acquisition 
                decision events, including any affirmative 
                determination of contractor responsibility at the down 
                selection phase and any other significant procurement 
                decisions related to the acquisition at issue.
            ``(3) Delegation of acquisition decision authority.--
                    ``(A) Level 3 acquisitions.--The Under Secretary 
                for Management may delegate acquisition decision 
                authority in writing to the relevant Component 
                Acquisition Executive for an acquisition program that 
                has a life cycle cost estimate of less than 
                $300,000,000.
                    ``(B) Level 2 acquisitions.--The Under Secretary 
                for Management may delegate acquisition decision 
                authority in writing to the relevant Component 
                Acquisition Executive for a major acquisition program 
                that has a life cycle cost estimate of at least 
                $300,000,000 but not more than $1,000,000,000 if all of 
                the following requirements are met:
                            ``(i) The component concerned possesses 
                        working policies, processes, and procedures 
                        that are consistent with Department-level 
                        acquisition policy.
                            ``(ii) The Component Acquisition Executive 
                        concerned has adequate, experienced, and 
                        dedicated professional employees with program 
                        management training, as applicable, 
                        commensurate with the size of the acquisition 
                        programs and related activities delegated to 
                        such Component Acquisition Executive by the 
                        Under Secretary for Management.
                            ``(iii) Each major acquisition program 
                        concerned has written documentation showing 
                        that it has a Department-approved acquisition 
                        program baseline and it is meeting agreed-upon 
                        cost, schedule, and performance thresholds.
            ``(4) Relationship to under secretary for science and 
        technology.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Nothing in this subsection shall 
                diminish the authority granted to the Under Secretary 
                for Science and Technology under this Act. The Under 
                Secretary for Management and the Under Secretary for 
                Science and Technology shall cooperate in matters 
                related to the coordination of acquisitions across the 
                Department so that investments of the Directorate of 
                Science and Technology are able to support current and 
                future requirements of the components of the 
                Department.
                    ``(B) Operational testing and evaluation.--The 
                Under Secretary for Science and Technology shall--
                            ``(i) ensure, in coordination with relevant 
                        component heads, that major acquisition 
                        programs--
                                    ``(I) complete operational testing 
                                and evaluation of technologies and 
                                systems;
                                    ``(II) use independent verification 
                                and validation of operational test and 
                                evaluation implementation and results; 
                                and
                                    ``(III) document whether such 
                                programs meet all performance 
                                requirements included in their 
                                acquisition program baselines;
                            ``(ii) ensure that such operational testing 
                        and evaluation includes all system components 
                        and incorporates operators into the testing to 
                        ensure that systems perform as intended in the 
                        appropriate operational setting; and
                            ``(iii) determine if testing conducted by 
                        other Federal agencies and private entities is 
                        relevant and sufficient in determining whether 
                        systems perform as intended in the operational 
                        setting.
            ``(5) Definitions.--In this subsection, the terms 
        `acquisition', `best practices', `acquisition decision 
        authority', `major acquisition program', `acquisition program 
        baseline', and `Component Acquisition Executive' have the 
        meanings given such terms in section 830.''.

SEC. 1212. ACQUISITION AUTHORITIES FOR CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER OF THE 
              DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY.

    Paragraph (2) of section 702(b) of the Homeland Security Act of 
2002 (6 U.S.C. 342(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following 
new subparagraph:
                    ``(J) Oversee the costs of acquisition programs and 
                related activities to ensure that actual and planned 
                costs are in accordance with budget estimates and are 
                affordable, or can be adequately funded, over the life 
                cycle of such programs and activities.''.

SEC. 1213. ACQUISITION AUTHORITIES FOR CHIEF INFORMATION OFFICER OF THE 
              DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY.

    Section 703 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 343), as 
amended by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(e) Acquisition Responsibilities.--The acquisition 
responsibilities of the Chief Information Officer shall include the 
following:
            ``(1) Oversee the management of the Homeland Security 
        Enterprise Architecture and ensure that, before each 
        acquisition decision event (as such term is defined in section 
        830), approved information technology acquisitions comply with 
        departmental information technology management processes, 
        technical requirements, and the Homeland Security Enterprise 
        Architecture, and in any case in which information technology 
        acquisitions do not comply with the Department's management 
        directives, make recommendations to the Acquisition Review 
        Board regarding such noncompliance.
            ``(2) Be responsible for providing recommendations to the 
        Acquisition Review Board regarding information technology 
        programs, and be responsible for developing information 
        technology acquisition strategic guidance.''.

SEC. 1214. ACQUISITION AUTHORITIES FOR PROGRAM ACCOUNTABILITY AND RISK 
              MANAGEMENT.

    (a) In General.--Title VII of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 341 et seq.) is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``SEC. 717. ACQUISITION AUTHORITIES FOR PROGRAM ACCOUNTABILITY AND RISK 
              MANAGEMENT.

    ``(a) Establishment of Office.--There is in the Management 
Directorate of the Department an office to be known as `Program 
Accountability and Risk Management'. The purpose of the office is to--
            ``(1) provide consistent accountability, standardization, 
        and transparency of major acquisition programs of the 
        Department; and
            ``(2) serve as the central oversight function for all 
        Department acquisition programs.
    ``(b) Responsibilities of Executive Director.--The Program 
Accountability and Risk Management shall be led by an Executive 
Director to oversee the requirement under subsection (a). The Executive 
Director shall report directly to the Under Secretary for Management, 
and shall carry out the following responsibilities:
            ``(1) Monitor regularly the performance of Department 
        acquisition programs between acquisition decision events to 
        identify problems with cost, performance, or schedule that 
        components may need to address to prevent cost overruns, 
        performance issues, or schedule delays.
            ``(2) Assist the Under Secretary for Management in managing 
        the acquisition programs and related activities of the 
        Department.
            ``(3) Conduct oversight of individual acquisition programs 
        to implement Department acquisition program policy, procedures, 
        and guidance with a priority on ensuring the data the office 
        collects and maintains from Department components is accurate 
        and reliable.
            ``(4) Serve as the focal point and coordinator for the 
        acquisition life cycle review process and as the executive 
        secretariat for the Acquisition Review Board.
            ``(5) Advise the persons having acquisition decision 
        authority in making acquisition decisions consistent with all 
        applicable laws and in establishing clear lines of authority, 
        accountability, and responsibility for acquisition decision 
        making within the Department.
            ``(6) Engage in the strategic planning and performance 
        evaluation process required under section 306 of title 5, 
        United States Code, and sections 1105(a)(28), 1115, 1116, and 
        9703 of title 31, United States Code, by supporting the Chief 
        Procurement Officer in developing strategies and specific plans 
        for hiring, training, and professional development in order to 
        rectify any deficiency within the Department's acquisition 
        workforce.
            ``(7) Develop standardized certification standards in 
        consultation with the Component Acquisition Executives for all 
        acquisition program managers.
            ``(8) In the event that a certification or action of an 
        acquisition program manager needs review for purposes of 
        promotion or removal, provide input, in consultation with the 
        relevant Component Acquisition Executive, into the performance 
        evaluation of the relevant acquisition program manager and 
        report positive or negative experiences to the relevant 
        certifying authority.
            ``(9) Provide technical support and assistance to 
        Department acquisitions and acquisition personnel in 
        conjunction with the Chief Procurement Officer.
            ``(10) Prepare the Comprehensive Acquisition Status Report 
        for the Department, as required by title I of division D of the 
        Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016 (Public Law 114-113), and 
        make such report available to the congressional homeland 
        security committees.
    ``(c) Responsibilities of Components.--Each head of a component 
shall comply with Federal law, the Federal Acquisition Regulation, and 
Department acquisition management directives established by the Under 
Secretary for Management. For each major acquisition program, each head 
of a component shall--
            ``(1) define baseline requirements and document changes to 
        such requirements, as appropriate;
            ``(2) establish a complete life cycle cost estimate with 
        supporting documentation, including an acquisition program 
        baseline;
            ``(3) verify each life cycle cost estimate against 
        independent cost estimates, and reconcile any differences;
            ``(4) complete a cost-benefit analysis with supporting 
        documentation;
            ``(5) develop and maintain a schedule that is consistent 
        with scheduling best practices as identified by the Comptroller 
        General of the United States, including, in appropriate cases, 
        an integrated master schedule; and
            ``(6) ensure that all acquisition program information 
        provided by the component is complete, accurate, timely, and 
        valid.
    ``(d) Congressional Homeland Security Committees Defined.--In this 
section, the term `congressional homeland security committees' means--
            ``(1) the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs of the Senate; and
            ``(2) the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
        Senate.

``SEC. 718. ACQUISITION DOCUMENTATION.

    ``(a) In General.--For each major acquisition program, the 
Executive Director responsible for the preparation of the Comprehensive 
Acquisition Status Report, pursuant to paragraph (11) of section 
710(b), shall require certain acquisition documentation to be submitted 
by Department components or offices.
    ``(b) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the requirement for 
submission under subsection (a) for a program for a fiscal year if 
either--
            ``(1) the program has not--
                    ``(A) entered the full rate production phase in the 
                acquisition life cycle;
                    ``(B) had a reasonable cost estimate established; 
                and
                    ``(C) had a system configuration defined fully; or
            ``(2) the program does not meet the definition of `capital 
        asset', as defined by the Director of the Office of Management 
        and Budget.
    ``(c) Congressional Oversight.--At the same time the President's 
budget is submitted for a fiscal year under section 1105(a) of title 
31, United States Code, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and Committee on 
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate information on 
the exercise of authority under subsection (b) in the prior fiscal year 
that includes the following specific information regarding each program 
for which a waiver is issued under subsection (b):
            ``(1) The grounds for granting a waiver for that program.
            ``(2) The projected cost of that program.
            ``(3) The proportion of a component's annual acquisition 
        budget attributed to that program, as available.
            ``(4) Information on the significance of the program with 
        respect to the component's operations and execution of its 
        mission.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is further amended by inserting after 
the item relating to section 716, as added by this Act, the following 
new items:

``Sec. 717. Acquisition authorities for Program Accountability and Risk 
                            Management.
``Sec. 718. Acquisition documentation.''.

SEC. 1215. ACQUISITION INNOVATION.

    (a) In General.--Title VII of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 341 et seq.) as amended by this Act, is further amended by 
adding at the end the following new section:

``SEC. 719. ACQUISITION INNOVATION.

    ``The Under Secretary for Management may--
            ``(1) designate an individual within the Department to 
        manage acquisition innovation efforts of the Department;
            ``(2) test emerging acquisition best practices to carrying 
        out acquisitions, consistent with the Federal Acquisition 
        Regulation and Department acquisition management directives, as 
        appropriate;
            ``(3) develop and distribute best practices and lessons 
        learned regarding acquisition innovation throughout the 
        Department;
            ``(4) establish metrics to measure the effectiveness of 
        acquisition innovation efforts with respect to cost, 
        operational efficiency of the acquisition program (including 
        timeframes for executing contracts), and collaboration with the 
        private sector, including small businesses; and
            ``(5) determine impacts of acquisition innovation efforts 
        on the private sector by--
                    ``(A) engaging with the private sector, including 
                small businesses, to provide information and obtain 
                feedback on procurement practices and acquisition 
                innovation efforts of the Department;
                    ``(B) obtaining feedback from the private sector on 
                the impact of acquisition innovation efforts of the 
                Department; and
                    ``(C) incorporating such feedback, as appropriate, 
                into future acquisition innovation efforts of the 
                Department.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 718, as added by this Act, the following new 
item:

``Sec. 719. Acquisition innovation.''.
    (c) Information.--Not later than 90 days after the date on which 
the Secretary of Homeland Security submits the annual budget 
justification for the Department of Homeland Security for each of 
fiscal years 2019 through 2023, the Secretary shall, if appropriate, 
provide information to the Committee on Homeland Security of the House 
of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
Governmental Affairs of the Senate on the activities undertaken in the 
previous fiscal year in furtherance of section 719 of the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002, as added by subsection (a), on the following:
            (1) Emerging acquisition best practices that were tested 
        within the Department during such fiscal year.
            (2) Efforts to distribute best practices and lessons 
        learned within the Department, including through web-based 
        seminars, training, and forums, during such fiscal year.
            (3) Utilization by components throughout the Department of 
        best practices distributed by the Under Secretary of Management 
        pursuant to paragraph (3) of such section 719.
            (4) Performance as measured by the metrics established 
        under paragraph (4) of such section 719.
            (5) Outcomes of efforts to distribute best practices and 
        lessons learned within the Department, including through web-
        based seminars, training, and forums.
            (6) Any impacts of the utilization of innovative 
        acquisition mechanisms by the Department on the private sector, 
        including small businesses.
            (7) The criteria used to identify specific acquisition 
        programs or activities to be included in acquisition innovation 
        efforts and the outcomes of such programs or activities.
            (8) Recommendations, as necessary, to enhance acquisition 
        innovation in the Department.

         Subtitle B--Acquisition Program Management Discipline

SEC. 1221. ACQUISITION REVIEW BOARD.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle D of title VIII of the Homeland Security 
Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 391 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:

``SEC. 836. ACQUISITION REVIEW BOARD.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish an Acquisition 
Review Board (in this section referred to as the `Board') to--
            ``(1) strengthen accountability and uniformity within the 
        Department acquisition review process;
            ``(2) review major acquisition programs; and
            ``(3) review the use of best practices.
    ``(b) Composition.--The Under Secretary for Management shall serve 
as chair of the Board. The Secretary shall also ensure participation by 
other relevant Department officials, including at least two component 
heads or their designees, as permanent members of the Board.
    ``(c) Meetings.--The Board shall meet regularly for purposes of 
ensuring all acquisitions processes proceed in a timely fashion to 
achieve mission readiness. The Board shall convene at the discretion of 
the Secretary and at any time--
            ``(1) a major acquisition program--
                    ``(A) requires authorization to proceed from one 
                acquisition decision event to another throughout the 
                acquisition life cycle;
                    ``(B) is in breach of its approved requirements; or
                    ``(C) requires additional review, as determined by 
                the Under Secretary for Management; or
            ``(2) a non-major acquisition program requires review, as 
        determined by the Under Secretary for Management.
    ``(d) Responsibilities.--The responsibilities of the Board are as 
follows:
            ``(1) Determine whether a proposed acquisition has met the 
        requirements of key phases of the acquisition life cycle 
        framework and is able to proceed to the next phase and eventual 
        full production and deployment.
            ``(2) Oversee whether a proposed acquisition's business 
        strategy, resources, management, and accountability is 
        executable and is aligned to strategic initiatives.
            ``(3) Support the person with acquisition decision 
        authority for an acquisition in determining the appropriate 
        direction for such acquisition at key acquisition decision 
        events.
            ``(4) Conduct systematic reviews of acquisitions to ensure 
        that such acquisitions are progressing in compliance with the 
        approved documents for their current acquisition phases.
            ``(5) Review the acquisition documents of each major 
        acquisition program, including the acquisition program baseline 
        and documentation reflecting consideration of tradeoffs among 
        cost, schedule, and performance objectives, to ensure the 
        reliability of underlying data.
            ``(6) Ensure that practices are adopted and implemented to 
        require consideration of trade-offs among cost, schedule, and 
        performance objectives as part of the process for developing 
        requirements for major acquisition programs prior to the 
        initiation of the second acquisition decision event, including, 
        at a minimum, the following practices:
                    ``(A) Department officials responsible for 
                acquisition, budget, and cost estimating functions are 
                provided with the appropriate opportunity to develop 
                estimates and raise cost and schedule matters before 
                performance objectives are established for capabilities 
                when feasible.
                    ``(B) Full consideration is given to possible 
                trade-offs among cost, schedule, and performance 
                objectives for each alternative.
    ``(e) Acquisition Program Baseline Report Requirement.--If the 
person exercising acquisition decision authority over a major 
acquisition program approves such program to proceed into the planning 
phase before such program has a Department-approved acquisition program 
baseline, the Under Secretary for Management shall create and approve 
an acquisition program baseline report regarding such approval, and the 
Secretary shall--
            ``(1) within seven days after an acquisition decision 
        memorandum is signed, notify in writing the Committee on 
        Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the 
        Senate of such decision; and
            ``(2) within 60 days after the acquisition decision 
        memorandum is signed, submit to such committees a report 
        stating the rationale for such decision and a plan of action to 
        require an acquisition program baseline for such program.
    ``(f) Report.--The Under Secretary for Management shall provide 
information to the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
Affairs of the Senate on an annual basis through fiscal year 2022 on 
the activities of the Board for the prior fiscal year that includes 
information relating to the following:
            ``(1) For each meeting of the Board, any acquisition 
        decision memoranda.
            ``(2) Results of the systematic reviews conducted pursuant 
        to paragraph (4) of subsection (d).
            ``(3) Results of acquisition document reviews required 
        pursuant to paragraph (5) of subsection (d).
            ``(4) Activities to ensure that practices are adopted and 
        implemented throughout the Department pursuant to paragraph (6) 
        of subsection (d).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 101 et seq.) is further 
amended by adding after the item relating to section 835 the following 
new item:

``Sec. 836. Acquisition Review Board.''.

SEC. 1222. REQUIREMENTS TO REDUCE DUPLICATION IN ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle D of title VIII of the Homeland Security 
Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 391 et seq.) is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new section:

``SEC. 837. REQUIREMENTS TO REDUCE DUPLICATION IN ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

    ``(a) Requirement to Establish Policies.--In an effort to reduce 
unnecessary duplication and inefficiency for all Department 
investments, including major acquisition programs, the Deputy 
Secretary, in consultation with the Under Secretary for Management, 
shall establish Department-wide policies to integrate all phases of the 
investment life cycle and help the Department identify, validate, and 
prioritize common component requirements for major acquisition programs 
in order to increase opportunities for effectiveness and efficiencies. 
The policies shall also include strategic alternatives for developing 
and facilitating a Department component-driven requirements process 
that includes oversight of a development test and evaluation 
capability; identification of priority gaps and overlaps in Department 
capability needs; and provision of feasible technical alternatives, 
including innovative commercially available alternatives, to meet 
capability needs.
    ``(b) Mechanisms to Carry Out Requirement.--The Under Secretary for 
Management shall coordinate the actions necessary to carry out 
subsection (a), using such mechanisms as considered necessary by the 
Secretary to help the Department reduce unnecessary duplication and 
inefficiency for all Department investments, including major 
acquisition programs.
    ``(c) Coordination.--In coordinating the actions necessary to carry 
out subsection (a), the Deputy Secretary shall consult with the Under 
Secretary for Management, Component Acquisition Executives, and any 
other Department officials, including the Under Secretary for Science 
and Technology or his designee, with specific knowledge of Department 
or component acquisition capabilities to prevent unnecessary 
duplication of requirements.
    ``(d) Advisors.--The Deputy Secretary, in consultation with the 
Under Secretary for Management, shall seek and consider input within 
legal and ethical boundaries from members of Federal, State, local, and 
tribal governments, nonprofit organizations, and the private sector, as 
appropriate, on matters within their authority and expertise in 
carrying out the Department's mission.
    ``(e) Meetings.--The Deputy Secretary, in consultation with the 
Under Secretary for Management, shall meet at least quarterly and 
communicate with components often to ensure that components do not 
overlap or duplicate spending or activities on major investments and 
acquisition programs within their areas of responsibility.
    ``(f) Responsibilities.--In carrying out this section, the 
responsibilities of the Deputy Secretary, in consultation with the 
Under Secretary for Management, are as follows:
            ``(1) To review and validate the requirements documents of 
        major investments and acquisition programs prior to acquisition 
        decision events of the investments or programs.
            ``(2) To ensure the requirements and scope of a major 
        investment or acquisition program are stable, measurable, 
        achievable, at an acceptable risk level, and match the 
        resources planned to be available.
            ``(3) Before any entity of the Department issues a 
        solicitation for a new contract, coordinate with other 
        Department entities as appropriate to prevent unnecessary 
        duplication and inefficiency and--
                    ``(A) to implement portfolio reviews to identify 
                common mission requirements and crosscutting 
                opportunities among components to harmonize investments 
                and requirements and prevent unnecessary overlap and 
                duplication among components; and
                    ``(B) to the extent practicable, to standardize 
                equipment purchases, streamline the acquisition 
                process, improve efficiencies, and conduct best 
                practices for strategic sourcing.
            ``(4) To ensure program managers of major investments and 
        acquisition programs conduct analyses, giving particular 
        attention to factors such as cost, schedule, risk, performance, 
        and operational efficiency in order to determine that programs 
        work as intended within cost and budget expectations.
            ``(5) To propose schedules for delivery of the operational 
        capability needed to meet each Department investment and major 
        acquisition program.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 101 et seq.) is further 
amended by adding after the item relating to section 836, as added by 
this Act, the following new item:

``Sec. 837. Requirements to reduce duplication in acquisition 
                            programs.''.

SEC. 1223. DEPARTMENT LEADERSHIP COUNCIL.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle H of title VIII of the Homeland Security 
Act of 2002 is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``SEC. 890B. DEPARTMENT LEADERSHIP COUNCIL.

    ``(a) Department Leadership Council.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--The Secretary may establish a 
        Department leadership council as the Secretary determines 
        necessary to ensure coordination and improve programs and 
        activities of the Department.
            ``(2) Function.--A Department leadership council shall--
                    ``(A) serve as coordinating forums;
                    ``(B) advise the Secretary and Deputy Secretary on 
                Department strategy, operations, and guidance; and
                    ``(C) consider and report on such other matters as 
                the Secretary or Deputy Secretary may direct.
            ``(3) Relationship to other forums.--The Secretary or 
        Deputy Secretary may delegate the authority to direct the 
        implementation of any decision or guidance resulting from the 
        action of a Department leadership council to any office, 
        component, coordinator, or other senior official of the 
        Department.
            ``(4) Mission.--In addition to other matters assigned to it 
        by the Secretary and Deputy Secretary, a leadership council 
        shall--
                    ``(A) identify, assess, and validate joint 
                requirements (including existing systems and associated 
                capability gaps) to meet mission needs of the 
                Department;
                    ``(B) ensure that appropriate efficiencies are made 
                among life-cycle cost, schedule, and performance 
                objectives, and procurement quantity objectives, in the 
                establishment and approval of joint requirements; and
                    ``(C) make prioritized capability recommendations 
                for the joint requirements validated under subparagraph 
                (A) to the Secretary, the Deputy Secretary, or the 
                chairperson of a Department leadership council 
                designated by the Secretary to review decisions of the 
                leadership council.
            ``(5) Chairperson.--The Secretary shall appoint a 
        chairperson of a leadership council, for a term of not more 
        than 2 years, from among senior officials from components of 
        the Department or other senior officials as designated by the 
        Secretary.
            ``(6) Composition.--A leadership council shall be composed 
        of senior officials representing components of the Department 
        and other senior officials as designated by the Secretary.
            ``(7) Relationship to future years homeland security 
        program.--The Secretary shall ensure that the Future Years 
        Homeland Security Program required under section 874 is 
        consistent with any recommendations of a leadership council 
        required under paragraph (2)(C), as affirmed by the Secretary, 
        the Deputy Secretary, or the chairperson of a Department 
        leadership council designated by the Secretary under that 
        paragraph.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
such Act is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
890A the following new item:

``Sec. 890B. Department leadership council.''.

SEC. 1224. GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REVIEW OF BOARD AND OF 
              REQUIREMENTS TO REDUCE DUPLICATION IN ACQUISITION 
              PROGRAMS.

    (a) Review Required.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
shall conduct a review of the effectiveness of the Acquisition Review 
Board established under section 836 of the Homeland Security Act of 
2002 (as added by this Act) and the requirements to reduce unnecessary 
duplication in acquisition programs established under section 837 of 
such Act (as added by this Act) in improving the Department's 
acquisition management process.
    (b) Scope of Report.--The review shall include the following:
            (1) An assessment of the effectiveness of the Board in 
        increasing program management oversight, best practices and 
        standards, and discipline among the components of the 
        Department, including in working together and in preventing 
        overlap and unnecessary duplication.
            (2) An assessment of the effectiveness of the Board in 
        instilling program management discipline.
            (3) A statement of how regularly each major acquisition 
        program is reviewed by the Board, how often the Board stops 
        major acquisition programs from moving forward in the phases of 
        the acquisition life cycle process, and the number of major 
        acquisition programs that have been halted because of problems 
        with operational effectiveness, schedule delays, or cost 
        overruns.
            (4) An assessment of the effectiveness of the Board in 
        impacting acquisition decisionmaking within the Department, 
        including the degree to which the Board impacts decision making 
        within other headquarters mechanisms and bodies involved in the 
        administration of acquisition activities.
    (c) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the 
congressional homeland security committees a report on the review 
required by this section. The report shall be submitted in unclassified 
form but may include a classified annex.

SEC. 1225. EXCLUDED PARTY LIST SYSTEM WAIVERS.

    Not later than five days after the issuance of a waiver by the 
Secretary of Homeland Security of Federal requirements that an agency 
not engage in business with a contractor in the Excluded Party List 
System (or successor system) as maintained by the General Services 
Administration, the Secretary shall submit to Congress notice of such 
waiver and an explanation for a finding by the Secretary that a 
compelling reason exists for issuing such waiver.

SEC. 1226. INSPECTOR GENERAL OVERSIGHT OF SUSPENSION AND DEBARMENT.

    The Inspector General of the Department of Homeland Security 
shall--
            (1) conduct audits as determined necessary by the Inspector 
        General regarding grant and procurement awards to identify 
        instances in which a contract or grant was improperly awarded 
        to a suspended or debarred entity and whether corrective 
        actions were taken to prevent recurrence; and
            (2) review the suspension and debarment program throughout 
        the Department to assess whether suspension and debarment 
        criteria are consistently applied throughout the Department and 
        whether disparities exist in the application of such criteria, 
        particularly with respect to business size and categories.

     Subtitle C--Acquisition Program Management Accountability and 
                              Transparency

SEC. 1231. CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION FOR MAJOR ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle D of title VIII of the Homeland Security 
Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 391 et seq.) is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new section:

``SEC. 838. CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION AND OTHER REQUIREMENTS FOR MAJOR 
              ACQUISITION PROGRAM BREACH.

    ``(a) Requirements Within Department in Event of Breach.--
            ``(1) Notifications.--
                    ``(A) Notification of breach.--If a breach occurs 
                in a major acquisition program, the program manager for 
                such program shall notify the Component Acquisition 
                Executive for such program, the head of the component 
                concerned, the Executive Director of the Program 
                Accountability and Risk Management division, the Under 
                Secretary for Management, and the Deputy Secretary not 
                later than 30 calendar days after such breach is 
                identified.
                    ``(B) Notification to secretary.--If a breach 
                occurs in a major acquisition program and such breach 
                results in a cost overrun greater than 15 percent, a 
                schedule delay greater than 180 days, or a failure to 
                meet any of the performance thresholds from the cost, 
                schedule, or performance parameters specified in the 
                most recently approved acquisition program baseline for 
                such program, the Component Acquisition Executive for 
                such program shall notify the Secretary and the 
                Inspector General of the Department not later than five 
                business days after the Component Acquisition Executive 
                for such program, the head of the component concerned, 
                the Executive Director of the Program Accountability 
                and Risk Management Division, the Under Secretary for 
                Management, and the Deputy Secretary are notified of 
                the breach pursuant to subparagraph (A).
            ``(2) Remediation plan and root cause analysis.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If a breach occurs in a major 
                acquisition program, the program manager for such 
                program shall submit to the head of the component 
                concerned, the Executive Director of the Program 
                Accountability and Risk Management division, and the 
                Under Secretary for Management in writing a remediation 
                plan and root cause analysis relating to such breach 
                and program. Such plan and analysis shall be submitted 
                at a date established at the discretion of the Under 
                Secretary for Management.
                    ``(B) Remediation plan.--The remediation plan 
                required under this subparagraph (A) shall--
                            ``(i) explain the circumstances of the 
                        breach at issue;
                            ``(ii) provide prior cost estimating 
                        information;
                            ``(iii) include a root cause analysis that 
                        determines the underlying cause or causes of 
                        shortcomings in cost, schedule, or performance 
                        of the major acquisition program with respect 
                        to which such breach has occurred, including 
                        the role, if any, of--
                                    ``(I) unrealistic performance 
                                expectations;
                                    ``(II) unrealistic baseline 
                                estimates for cost or schedule or 
                                changes in program requirements;
                                    ``(III) immature technologies or 
                                excessive manufacturing or integration 
                                risk;
                                    ``(IV) unanticipated design, 
                                engineering, manufacturing, or 
                                technology integration issues arising 
                                during program performance;
                                    ``(V) changes to the scope of such 
                                program;
                                    ``(VI) inadequate program funding 
                                or changes in planned out-year funding 
                                from one 5-year funding plan to the 
                                next 5-year funding plan as outlined in 
                                the Future Years Homeland Security 
                                Program required under section 874;
                                    ``(VII) legislative, legal, or 
                                regulatory changes; or
                                    ``(VIII) inadequate program 
                                management personnel, including lack of 
                                sufficient number of staff, training, 
                                credentials, certifications, or use of 
                                best practices;
                            ``(iv) propose corrective action to address 
                        cost growth, schedule delays, or performance 
                        issues;
                            ``(v) explain the rationale for why a 
                        proposed corrective action is recommended; and
                            ``(vi) in coordination with the Component 
                        Acquisition Executive for such program, discuss 
                        all options considered, including the estimated 
                        impact on cost, schedule, or performance of 
                        such program if no changes are made to current 
                        requirements, the estimated cost of such 
                        program if requirements are modified, and the 
                        extent to which funding from other programs 
                        will need to be reduced to cover the cost 
                        growth of such program.
            ``(3) Review of corrective actions.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Under Secretary for 
                Management shall review the remediation plan required 
                under paragraph (2). The Under Secretary may approve 
                such plan or provide an alternative proposed corrective 
                action within 30 days of the submission of such plan 
                under such paragraph.
                    ``(B) Submission to congress.--Not later than 30 
                days after the review required under subparagraph (A) 
                is completed, the Under Secretary for Management shall 
                submit to the congressional homeland security 
                committees the following:
                            ``(i) A copy of the remediation plan and 
                        the root cause analysis required under 
                        paragraph (2).
                            ``(ii) A statement describing the 
                        corrective action or actions that have occurred 
                        pursuant to paragraph (2)(b)(iv) for the major 
                        acquisition program at issue, with a 
                        justification for such action or actions.
    ``(b) Requirements Relating to Congressional Notification if Breach 
Occurs.--
            ``(1) Notification to congress.--If a notification to the 
        Secretary is made under subsection (a)(1)(B) relating to a 
        breach in a major acquisition program, the Under Secretary for 
        Management shall notify the congressional homeland security 
        committees of such breach in the next quarterly Comprehensive 
        Acquisition Status Report, as required by title I of division D 
        of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016, (Public Law 114-
        113) following receipt by the Under Secretary of notification 
        under such subsection.
            ``(2) Significant variances in costs or schedule.--If a 
        likely cost overrun is greater than 20 percent or a likely 
        delay is greater than 12 months from the costs and schedule 
        specified in the acquisition program baseline for a major 
        acquisition program, the Under Secretary for Management shall 
        include in the notification required in paragraph (1) a written 
        certification, with supporting explanation, that--
                    ``(A) such program is essential to the 
                accomplishment of the Department's mission;
                    ``(B) there are no alternatives to the capability 
                or asset provided by such program that will provide 
                equal or greater capability in both a more cost-
                effective and timely manner;
                    ``(C) the new acquisition schedule and estimates 
                for total acquisition cost are reasonable; and
                    ``(D) the management structure for such program is 
                adequate to manage and control cost, schedule, and 
                performance.
    ``(c) Congressional Homeland Security Committees Defined.--In this 
section, the term `congressional homeland security committees' means--
            ``(1) the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs of the Senate; and
            ``(2) the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
        Senate.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 837, as added by this Act, the following new 
item:

``Sec. 838. Congressional notification and other requirements for major 
                            acquisition program breach.''.

SEC. 1232. MULTIYEAR ACQUISITION STRATEGY.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle D of title VIII of the Homeland Security 
Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 391 et seq.) is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new section:

``SEC. 839. MULTIYEAR ACQUISITION STRATEGY.

    ``(a) Multiyear Acquisition Strategy Required.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date 
        of the enactment of this section, the Secretary shall submit to 
        the appropriate congressional committees and the Comptroller 
        General of the United States a multiyear acquisition strategy 
        to guide the overall direction of the acquisitions of the 
        Department while allowing flexibility to deal with ever-
        changing threats and risks, to keep pace with changes in 
        technology that could impact deliverables, and to help industry 
        better understand, plan, and align resources to meet the future 
        acquisition needs of the Department. Such strategy shall be 
        updated and included in each Future Years Homeland Security 
        Program required under section 874.
            ``(2) Form.--The strategy required under paragraph (1) 
        shall be submitted in unclassified form but may include a 
        classified annex for any sensitive or classified information if 
        necessary. The Secretary shall publish such strategy in an 
        unclassified format that is publicly available.
    ``(b) Consultation.--In developing the strategy required under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall, as the Secretary determines 
appropriate, consult with headquarters, components, employees in the 
field, and individuals from industry and the academic community.
    ``(c) Contents of Strategy.--The strategy shall include the 
following:
            ``(1) Prioritized list.--A systematic and integrated 
        prioritized list developed by the Under Secretary for 
        Management in coordination with all of the Component 
        Acquisition Executives of Department major acquisition programs 
        that Department and component acquisition investments seek to 
        address, including the expected security and economic benefit 
        of the program or system that is the subject of acquisition and 
        an analysis of how the security and economic benefit derived 
        from such program or system will be measured.
            ``(2) Inventory.--A plan to develop a reliable Department-
        wide inventory of investments and real property assets to help 
        the Department--
                    ``(A) plan, budget, schedule, and acquire upgrades 
                of its systems and equipment; and
                    ``(B) plan for the acquisition and management of 
                future systems and equipment.
            ``(3) Funding gaps.--A plan to address funding gaps between 
        funding requirements for major acquisition programs and known 
        available resources, including, to the maximum extent 
        practicable, ways of leveraging best practices to identify and 
        eliminate overpayment for items to--
                    ``(A) prevent wasteful purchasing;
                    ``(B) achieve the greatest level of efficiency and 
                cost savings by rationalizing purchases;
                    ``(C) align pricing for similar items; and
                    ``(D) utilize purchase timing and economies of 
                scale.
            ``(4) Identification of capabilities.--An identification of 
        test, evaluation, modeling, and simulation capabilities that 
        will be required to--
                    ``(A) support the acquisition of technologies to 
                meet the needs of such strategy;
                    ``(B) leverage to the greatest extent possible 
                emerging technological trends and research and 
                development trends within the public and private 
                sectors; and
                    ``(C) identify ways to ensure that appropriate 
                technology is acquired and integrated into the 
                Department's operating doctrine to improve mission 
                performance.
            ``(5) Focus on flexible solutions.--An assessment of ways 
        the Department can improve its ability to test and acquire 
        innovative solutions to allow needed incentives and protections 
        for appropriate risk-taking in order to meet its acquisition 
        needs with resiliency, agility, and responsiveness to assure 
        homeland security and facilitate trade.
            ``(6) Focus on incentives to save taxpayer dollars.--An 
        assessment of ways the Department can develop incentives for 
        program managers and senior Department acquisition officials 
        to--
                    ``(A) prevent cost overruns;
                    ``(B) avoid schedule delays; and
                    ``(C) achieve cost savings in major acquisition 
                programs.
            ``(7) Focus on addressing delays and bid protests.--An 
        assessment of ways the Department can improve the acquisition 
        process to minimize cost overruns in--
                    ``(A) requirements development;
                    ``(B) procurement announcements;
                    ``(C) requests for proposals;
                    ``(D) evaluation of proposals;
                    ``(E) protests of decisions and awards; and
                    ``(F) the use of best practices.
            ``(8) Focus on improving outreach.--An identification and 
        assessment of ways to increase opportunities for communication 
        and collaboration with industry, small and disadvantaged 
        businesses, intra-government entities, university centers of 
        excellence, accredited certification and standards development 
        organizations, and national laboratories to ensure that the 
        Department understands the market for technologies, products, 
        and innovation that is available to meet its mission needs and 
        to inform the Department's requirements-setting process before 
        engaging in an acquisition, including--
                    ``(A) methods designed especially to engage small 
                and disadvantaged businesses, a cost-benefit analysis 
                of the tradeoffs that small and disadvantaged 
                businesses provide, information relating to barriers to 
                entry for small and disadvantaged businesses, and 
                information relating to unique requirements for small 
                and disadvantaged businesses; and
                    ``(B) within the Department Vendor Communication 
                Plan and Market Research Guide, instructions for 
                interaction by acquisition program managers with such 
                entities to--
                            ``(i) prevent misinterpretation of 
                        acquisition regulations; and
                            ``(ii) permit, within legal and ethical 
                        boundaries, interacting with such entities with 
                        transparency.
            ``(9) Competition.--A plan regarding competition under 
        subsection (d).
            ``(10) Acquisition workforce.--A plan regarding the 
        Department acquisition workforce under subsection (e).
    ``(d) Competition Plan.--The strategy required under subsection (a) 
shall also include a plan to address actions to ensure competition, or 
the option of competition, for major acquisition programs. Such plan 
may include assessments of the following measures in appropriate cases 
if such measures are cost effective:
            ``(1) Competitive prototyping.
            ``(2) Dual-sourcing.
            ``(3) Unbundling of contracts.
            ``(4) Funding of next-generation prototype systems or 
        subsystems.
            ``(5) Use of modular, open architectures to enable 
        competition for upgrades.
            ``(6) Acquisition of complete technical data packages.
            ``(7) Periodic competitions for subsystem upgrades.
            ``(8) Licensing of additional suppliers, including small 
        businesses.
            ``(9) Periodic system or program reviews to address long-
        term competitive effects of program decisions.
    ``(e) Acquisition Workforce Plan.--
            ``(1) Acquisition workforce.--The strategy required under 
        subsection (a) shall also include a plan to address Department 
        acquisition workforce accountability and talent management that 
        identifies the acquisition workforce needs of each component 
        performing acquisition functions and develops options for 
        filling such needs with qualified individuals, including a 
        cost-benefit analysis of contracting for acquisition 
        assistance.
            ``(2) Additional matters covered.--The acquisition 
        workforce plan under this subsection shall address ways to--
                    ``(A) improve the recruitment, hiring, training, 
                and retention of Department acquisition workforce 
                personnel, including contracting officer's 
                representatives, in order to retain highly qualified 
                individuals who have experience in the acquisition life 
                cycle, complex procurements, and management of large 
                programs;
                    ``(B) empower program managers to have the 
                authority to manage their programs in an accountable 
                and transparent manner as such managers work with the 
                acquisition workforce;
                    ``(C) prevent duplication within Department 
                acquisition workforce training and certification 
                requirements through leveraging already-existing 
                training within the Federal Government, academic 
                community, or private industry;
                    ``(D) achieve integration and consistency with 
                Government-wide training and accreditation standards, 
                acquisition training tools, and training facilities;
                    ``(E) designate the acquisition positions that will 
                be necessary to support the Department acquisition 
                requirements, including in the fields of--
                            ``(i) program management;
                            ``(ii) systems engineering;
                            ``(iii) procurement, including contracting;
                            ``(iv) test and evaluation;
                            ``(v) life cycle logistics;
                            ``(vi) cost estimating and program 
                        financial management; and
                            ``(vii) additional disciplines appropriate 
                        to Department mission needs;
                    ``(F) strengthen the performance of contracting 
                officers' representatives (as defined in subpart 1.602-
                2 and subpart 2.101 of the Federal Acquisition 
                Regulation), including by--
                            ``(i) assessing the extent to which such 
                        representatives are certified and receive 
                        training that is appropriate;
                            ``(ii) assessing what training is most 
                        effective with respect to the type and 
                        complexity of assignment; and
                            ``(iii) implementing actions to improve 
                        training based on such assessments; and
                    ``(G) identify ways to increase training for 
                relevant investigators and auditors of the Department 
                to examine fraud in major acquisition programs, 
                including identifying opportunities to leverage 
                existing Government and private sector resources in 
                coordination with the Inspector General of the 
                Department.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 838, as added by this Act, the following new 
item:

``Sec. 839. Multiyear acquisition strategy.''.
    (c) Government Accountability Office Review of Multi-year 
Acquisition Strategy.--
            (1) Review.--After submission of the first multiyear 
        acquisition strategy in accordance with section 839 of the 
        Homeland Security Act of 2002, as added by subsection (a), 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller 
        General of the United States shall conduct a review of such 
        plan within 180 days to analyze the viability of such plan's 
        effectiveness in the following:
                    (A) Complying with the requirements of such section 
                839.
                    (B) Establishing clear connections between 
                Department of Homeland Security objectives and 
                acquisition priorities.
                    (C) Demonstrating that Department acquisition 
                policy reflects program management best practices and 
                standards.
                    (D) Ensuring competition or the option of 
                competition for major acquisition programs.
                    (E) Considering potential cost savings through 
                using already-existing technologies when developing 
                acquisition program requirements.
                    (F) Preventing duplication within Department 
                acquisition workforce training requirements through 
                leveraging already-existing training within the Federal 
                Government, academic community, or private industry.
                    (G) Providing incentives for acquisition program 
                managers to reduce acquisition and procurement costs 
                through the use of best practices and disciplined 
                program management.
            (2) Definitions.--The terms ``acquisition'', ``best 
        practices'', and ``major acquisition programs'' have the 
        meaning given such terms in section 830 of the Homeland 
        Security Act of 2002, as added by this Act.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the completion 
        of the review required by subsection (a), the Comptroller 
        General of the United States shall submit to the Committee on 
        Homeland Security and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
        House of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security 
        and Governmental Affairs and the Committee on Appropriations of 
        the Senate a report on the review. Such report shall be 
        submitted in unclassified form but may include a classified 
        annex.

SEC. 1233. ACQUISITION REPORTS.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle D of title VIII of the Homeland Security 
Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 391 et seq.) is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new section:

``SEC. 840. ACQUISITION REPORTS.

    ``(a) Comprehensive Acquisition Status Report.--
            ``(1) In general.--At the same time as the President's 
        budget is submitted for a fiscal year under section 1105(a) of 
        title 31, United States Code, the Under Secretary for 
        Management shall submit to the congressional homeland security 
        committees an annual comprehensive acquisition status report. 
        The report shall include the following:
                    ``(A) The information required under the heading 
                `Office of the Under Secretary for Management' under 
                title I of division D of the Consolidated 
                Appropriations Act, 2012 (Public Law 112-74) (as 
                required under the Department of Homeland Security 
                Appropriations Act, 2013 (Public Law 113-6)).
                    ``(B) A listing of programs that have been 
                cancelled, modified, paused, or referred to the Under 
                Secretary for Management or Deputy Secretary for 
                additional oversight or action by the Board, Department 
                Office of Inspector General, or the Comptroller 
                General.
                    ``(C) A listing of established Executive Steering 
                Committees, which provide governance of a program or 
                related set of programs and lower-tiered oversight, and 
                support between acquisition decision events and 
                component reviews, including the mission and membership 
                for each.
            ``(2) Information for major acquisition programs.--For each 
        major acquisition program, the report shall include the 
        following:
                    ``(A) A narrative description, including current 
                gaps and shortfalls, the capabilities to be fielded, 
                and the number of planned increments or units.
                    ``(B) Acquisition Review Board (or other board 
                designated to review the acquisition) status of each 
                acquisition, including the current acquisition phase, 
                the date of the last review, and a listing of the 
                required documents that have been reviewed with the 
                dates reviewed or approved.
                    ``(C) The most current, approved acquisition 
                program baseline (including project schedules and 
                events).
                    ``(D) A comparison of the original acquisition 
                program baseline, the current acquisition program 
                baseline, and the current estimate.
                    ``(E) Whether or not an independent verification 
                and validation has been implemented, with an 
                explanation for the decision and a summary of any 
                findings.
                    ``(F) A rating of cost risk, schedule risk, and 
                technical risk associated with the program (including 
                narrative descriptions and mitigation actions).
                    ``(G) Contract status (including earned value 
                management data as applicable).
                    ``(H) A lifecycle cost of the acquisition, and time 
                basis for the estimate.
            ``(3) Updates.--The Under Secretary shall submit quarterly 
        updates to such report not later than 45 days after the 
        completion of each quarter.
    ``(b) Quarterly Program Accountability Report.--The Under Secretary 
for Management shall prepare a quarterly program accountability report 
to meet the mandate of the Department to perform program health 
assessments and improve program execution and governance. The report 
shall be submitted to the congressional homeland security committees.
    ``(c) Congressional Homeland Security Committees Defined.--In this 
section, the term `congressional homeland security committees' means--
            ``(1) the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs of the Senate; and
            ``(2) the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
        Senate.''.
    (b) Level 3 Acquisition Programs of Components of the Department.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, component heads of the Department of 
        Homeland Security shall identify to the Under Secretary for 
        Management of the Department all level 3 acquisition programs 
        of each respective component. Not later than 30 days after 
        receipt of such information, the Under Secretary shall certify 
        in writing to the congressional homeland security committees 
        whether such component heads have properly identified such 
        programs. To carry out this paragraph, the Under Secretary 
        shall establish a process with a repeatable methodology to 
        continually identify level 3 acquisition programs.
            (2) Policies and guidance.--Not later than 180 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, component heads of the 
        Department of Homeland Security shall submit to the Under 
        Secretary for Management of the Department their respective 
        policies and relevant guidance for level 3 acquisition programs 
        of each respective component. Not later than 90 days after 
        receipt of such policies and guidance, the Under Secretary for 
        Management shall certify to the congressional homeland security 
        committees that each component's respective policies and 
        guidance adhere to Department-wide acquisition policies.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
such Act is further amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 839 the following new item:

``840. Acquisition reports.''.

            TITLE III--INTELLIGENCE AND INFORMATION SHARING

  Subtitle A--Department of Homeland Security Intelligence Enterprise

SEC. 1301. HOMELAND INTELLIGENCE DOCTRINE.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle A of title II of the Homeland Security 
Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 121 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:

``SEC. 210G. HOMELAND INTELLIGENCE DOCTRINE.

    ``(a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this section, the Secretary, acting through the Chief 
Intelligence Officer of the Department, in coordination with 
intelligence components of the Department, the Office of the General 
Counsel, the Privacy Office, and the Office for Civil Rights and Civil 
Liberties, shall develop and disseminate written Department-wide 
guidance for the processing, analysis, production, and dissemination of 
homeland security information (as such term is defined in section 892) 
and terrorism information (as such term is defined in section 1016 of 
the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 
485)).
    ``(b) Contents.--The guidance required under subsection (a) shall, 
at a minimum, include the following:
            ``(1) A description of guiding principles and purposes of 
        the Department's intelligence enterprise.
            ``(2) A summary of the roles and responsibilities of each 
        intelligence component of the Department and programs of the 
        intelligence components of the Department in the processing, 
        analysis, production, or dissemination of homeland security 
        information and terrorism information, including relevant 
        authorities and restrictions applicable to each intelligence 
        component of the Department and programs of each such 
        intelligence components.
            ``(3) Guidance for the processing, analysis, and production 
        of such information.
            ``(4) Guidance for the dissemination of such information, 
        including within the Department, among and between Federal 
        departments and agencies, among and between State, local, 
        tribal, and territorial governments, including law enforcement, 
        and with foreign partners and the private sector.
            ``(5) An assessment and description of how the 
        dissemination to the intelligence community (as such term is 
        defined in section 3(4) of the National Security Act of 1947 
        (50 U.S.C. 3003(4))) and Federal law enforcement of homeland 
        security information and terrorism information assists such 
        entities in carrying out their respective missions.
    ``(c) Form.--The guidance required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    ``(d) Annual Review.--For each of the five fiscal years beginning 
with the fiscal year that begins after the date of the enactment of 
this section, the Secretary shall conduct a review of the guidance 
required under subsection (a) and, as appropriate, revise such 
guidance.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 210F the following new item:

``Sec. 210G. Homeland intelligence doctrine.''.

SEC. 1302. ANALYSTS FOR THE CHIEF INTELLIGENCE OFFICER.

    Paragraph (1) of section 201(e) of the Homeland Security Act of 
2002 (6 U.S.C. 121(e)) is amended by adding at the end the following 
new sentence: ``The Secretary shall also provide the Chief Intelligence 
Officer with a staff having appropriate expertise and experience to 
assist the Chief Intelligence Officer.''.

SEC. 1303. ANNUAL HOMELAND TERRORIST THREAT ASSESSMENTS.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle A of title II of the Homeland Security 
Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 121 et seq.), as amended by this Act, is further 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``SEC. 210H. HOMELAND TERRORIST THREAT ASSESSMENTS.

    ``(a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this section and for each of the next five fiscal years 
(beginning in the fiscal year that begins after the date of the 
enactment of this section) the Secretary, acting through the Under 
Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis, and using departmental 
information, including component information, and information provided 
through State and major urban area fusion centers, shall conduct an 
assessment of the terrorist threat to the homeland.
    ``(b) Contents.--Each assessment under subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            ``(1) Empirical data assessing terrorist activities and 
        incidents over time in the United States, including terrorist 
        activities and incidents planned or supported by persons 
        outside of the United States targeting the homeland.
            ``(2) An evaluation of current terrorist tactics, as well 
        as ongoing and possible future changes in terrorist tactics.
            ``(3) An assessment of criminal activity encountered or 
        observed by officers or employees of components in the field 
        which is suspected of financing terrorist activity.
            ``(4) Detailed information on all individuals denied entry 
        to or removed from the United States as a result of material 
        support provided to a foreign terrorist organization (as such 
        term is used in section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality 
        Act (8 U.S.C. 1189)).
            ``(5) The efficacy and spread of foreign terrorist 
        organization propaganda, messaging, or recruitment.
            ``(6) An assessment of threats, including cyber threats, to 
        the homeland, including to critical infrastructure and Federal 
        civilian networks.
            ``(7) An assessment of current and potential terrorism and 
        criminal threats posed by individuals and organized groups 
        seeking to unlawfully enter the United States.
            ``(8) An assessment of threats to the transportation 
        sector, including surface and aviation transportation systems.
    ``(c) Additional Information.--The assessments required under 
subsection (a)--
            ``(1) shall, to the extent practicable, utilize existing 
        component data collected from the field; and
            ``(2) may incorporate relevant information and analysis 
        from other agencies of the Federal Government, agencies of 
        State and local governments (including law enforcement 
        agencies), as well as the private sector, disseminated in 
        accordance with standard information sharing procedures and 
        policies.
    ``(d) Form.--The assessments required under subsection (a) shall be 
shared with the appropriate congressional committees and submitted in 
classified form, but--
            ``(1) shall include unclassified summaries; and
            ``(2) may include unclassified annexes, if appropriate.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Subsection (d) of section 201 of the 
Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 121) is amended by adding at 
the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(27) To carry out section 210H (relating to homeland 
        terrorist threat assessments).''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents of the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002 is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 210G, as added by this Act, the following new item:

``Sec. 210H. Homeland terrorist threat assessments.''.

SEC. 1304. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DATA FRAMEWORK.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Homeland Security shall develop a 
data framework to integrate existing Department of Homeland Security 
datasets and systems, as appropriate, for access by authorized 
personnel in a manner consistent with relevant legal authorities and 
privacy, civil rights, and civil liberties policies and protections. In 
developing such framework, the Secretary shall ensure, in accordance 
with all applicable statutory and regulatory requirements, the 
following information is included:
            (1) All information acquired, held, or obtained by an 
        office or component of the Department that falls within the 
        scope of the information sharing environment, including 
        homeland security information, terrorism information, weapons 
        of mass destruction information, and national intelligence.
            (2) Any information or intelligence relevant to priority 
        mission needs and capability requirements of the homeland 
        security enterprise, as determined appropriate by the 
        Secretary.
    (b) Data Framework Access.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Homeland Security shall 
        ensure that the data framework required under this section is 
        accessible to employees of the Department of Homeland Security 
        who the Secretary determines--
                    (A) have an appropriate security clearance;
                    (B) are assigned to perform a function that 
                requires access to information in such framework; and
                    (C) are trained in applicable standards for 
                safeguarding and using such information.
            (2) Guidance.--The Secretary of Homeland Security shall--
                    (A) issue guidance for Department of Homeland 
                Security employees authorized to access and contribute 
                to the data framework pursuant to paragraph (1); and
                    (B) ensure that such guidance enforces a duty to 
                share between offices and components of the Department 
                when accessing or contributing to such framework for 
                mission needs.
            (3) Efficiency.--The Secretary of Homeland Security shall 
        promulgate data standards and instruct components of the 
        Department of Homeland Security to make available information 
        through the data framework under this section in a machine-
        readable standard format, to the greatest extent practicable.
    (c) Exclusion of Information.--The Secretary of Homeland Security 
may exclude from the data framework information that the Secretary 
determines access to or the confirmation of the existence of could--
            (1) jeopardize the protection of sources, methods, or 
        activities;
            (2) compromise a criminal or national security 
        investigation;
            (3) be inconsistent with the other Federal laws or 
        regulations; or
            (4) be duplicative or not serve an operational purpose if 
        included in such framework.
    (d) Safeguards.--The Secretary of Homeland Security shall 
incorporate into the date framework systems capabilities for auditing 
and ensuring the security of information included in such framework. 
Such capabilities shall include the following:
            (1) Mechanisms for identifying insider threats.
            (2) Mechanisms for identifying security risks.
            (3) Safeguards for privacy, civil rights, and civil 
        liberties.
    (e) Deadline for Implementation.--Not later than two years after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland 
Security shall ensure the data framework required under this section 
has the ability to include appropriate information in existence within 
the Department of Homeland Security to meet its critical mission 
operations.
    (f) Notice to Congress.--
            (1) Operational notification.--Not later than 60 days after 
        the date on which the data framework required under this 
        section is fully operational, the Secretary of Homeland 
        Security shall provide notice to the appropriate congressional 
        committees of such.
            (2) Regular status.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees regular updates on the 
        status of the data framework required under this section, 
        including, when applicable, the use of such data framework to 
        support classified operations.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) National intelligence.--The term ``national 
        intelligence'' has the meaning given such term in section 3(5) 
        of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003(5)).
            (2) Appropriate congressional committee.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committee'' has the meaning given 
        such term in section 2(2) of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 
        (6 U.S.C. 101(11)).

SEC. 1305. ESTABLISHMENT OF INSIDER THREAT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Title I of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 111 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
section:

``SEC. 104. INSIDER THREAT PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish an Insider 
Threat Program within the Department. Such Program shall--
            ``(1) provide training and education for Department 
        personnel to identify, prevent, mitigate, and respond to 
        insider threat risks to the Department's critical assets;
            ``(2) provide investigative support regarding potential 
        insider threats that may pose a risk to the Department's 
        critical assets; and
            ``(3) conduct risk mitigation activities for insider 
        threats.
    ``(b) Steering Committee.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a Steering 
        Committee within the Department. The Under Secretary for 
        Intelligence and Analysis shall serve as the Chair of the 
        Steering Committee. The Chief Security Officer shall serve as 
        the Vice Chair. The Steering Committee shall be comprised of 
        representatives of the Office of Intelligence and Analysis, the 
        Office of the Chief Information Officer, the Office of the 
        General Counsel, the Office for Civil Rights and Civil 
        Liberties, the Privacy Office, the Office of the Chief Human 
        Capital Officer, the Office of the Chief Financial Officer, the 
        Federal Protective Service, the Office of the Chief Procurement 
        Officer, the Science and Technology Directorate, and other 
        components or offices of the Department as appropriate. Such 
        representatives shall meet on a regular basis to discuss cases 
        and issues related to insider threats to the Department's 
        critical assets, in accordance with subsection (a).
            ``(2) Responsibilities.--Not later than one year after the 
        date of the enactment of this section, the Under Secretary for 
        Intelligence and Analysis and the Chief Security Officer, in 
        coordination with the Steering Committee established pursuant 
        to paragraph (1), shall--
                    ``(A) develop a holistic strategy for Department-
                wide efforts to identify, prevent, mitigate, and 
                respond to insider threats to the Department's critical 
                assets;
                    ``(B) develop a plan to implement the insider 
                threat measures identified in the strategy developed 
                under subparagraph (A) across the components and 
                offices of the Department;
                    ``(C) document insider threat policies and 
                controls;
                    ``(D) conduct a baseline risk assessment of insider 
                threats posed to the Department's critical assets;
                    ``(E) examine existing programmatic and technology 
                best practices adopted by the Federal Government, 
                industry, and research institutions to implement 
                solutions that are validated and cost-effective;
                    ``(F) develop a timeline for deploying workplace 
                monitoring technologies, employee awareness campaigns, 
                and education and training programs related to 
                identifying, preventing, mitigating, and responding to 
                potential insider threats to the Department's critical 
                assets;
                    ``(G) require the Chair and Vice Chair of the 
                Steering Committee to consult with the Under Secretary 
                for Science and Technology and other appropriate 
                stakeholders to ensure the Insider Threat Program is 
                informed, on an ongoing basis, by current information 
                regarding threats, beset practices, and available 
                technology; and
                    ``(H) develop, collect, and report metrics on the 
                effectiveness of the Department's insider threat 
                mitigation efforts.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Critical assets.--The term `critical assets' means 
        the people, facilities, information, and technology required 
        for the Department to fulfill its mission.
            ``(2) Insider.--The term `insider' means--
                    ``(A) any person who has access to classified 
                national security information and is employed by, 
                detailed to, or assigned to the Department, including 
                members of the Armed Forces, experts or consultants to 
                the Department, industrial or commercial contractors, 
                licensees, certificate holders, or grantees of the 
                Department, including all subcontractors, personal 
                services contractors, or any other category of person 
                who acts for or on behalf of the Department, as 
                determined by the Secretary; or
                    ``(B) State, local, tribal, territorial, and 
                private sector personnel who possess security 
                clearances granted by the Department.
            ``(3) Insider threat.--The term `insider threat' means the 
        threat that an insider will use his or her authorized access, 
        wittingly or unwittingly, to do harm to the security of the 
        United States, including damage to the United States through 
        espionage, terrorism, the unauthorized disclosure of classified 
        national security information, or through the loss or 
        degradation of departmental resources or capabilities.''.
    (b) Reporting.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than two years after the date of 
        the enactment of section 104 of the Homeland Security Act of 
        2002 (as added by subsection (a) of this section) and the 
        biennially thereafter for the next four years, the Secretary of 
        Homeland Security shall submit to the Committee on Homeland 
        Security and the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of 
        the House of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland 
        Security and Governmental Affairs and the Select Committee on 
        Intelligence of the Senate a report on how the Department of 
        Homeland Security and its components and offices have 
        implemented the strategy developed pursuant to subsection 
        (b)(2)(A) of such section 104, the status of the Department's 
        risk assessment of critical assets, the types of insider threat 
        training conducted, the number of Department employees who have 
        received such training, and information on the effectiveness of 
        the Insider Threat Program (established pursuant to subsection 
        (a) of such section 104), based on metrics developed, 
        collected, and reported pursuant to subsection (b)(2)(H) of 
        such section 104.
            (2) Definitions.--In this subsection, the terms ``critical 
        assets'', ``insider'', and ``insider threat'' have the meanings 
        given such terms in section 104 of the Homeland Security Act of 
        2002 (as added by subsection (a) of this section).
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 103 the following new item:

``Sec. 104. Insider Threat Program.''.

SEC. 1306. THREAT ASSESSMENT ON TERRORIST USE OF VIRTUAL CURRENCY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Homeland Security for 
Intelligence and Analysis, as authorized by section 201(b)(1) of the 
Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 121), shall, in coordination 
with appropriate Federal partners, develop and disseminate a threat 
assessment regarding the actual and potential threat posed by 
individuals using virtual currency to carry out activities in 
furtherance of an act of terrorism, including the provision of material 
support or resources to a foreign terrorist organization. Consistent 
with the protection of classified and confidential unclassified 
information, the Under Secretary shall share the threat assessment 
developed under this section with State, local, and tribal law 
enforcement officials, including officials that operate within State, 
local, and regional fusion centers through the Department of Homeland 
Security State, Local, and Regional Fusion Center Initiative 
established in section 210A of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 124h).
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Foreign terrorist organization.--The term ``foreign 
        terrorist organization'' means an organization designated as a 
        foreign terrorist organization under section 219 of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1189).
            (2) Virtual currency.--The term ``virtual currency'' means 
        a digital representation of value that functions as a medium of 
        exchange, a unit of account, or a store of value.

SEC. 1307. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY COUNTERTERRORISM ADVISORY 
              BOARD.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle A of title II of the Homeland Security 
Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 121 et seq.), as amended by this Act, is further 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``SEC. 210I. DEPARTMENTAL COORDINATION ON COUNTERTERRORISM.

    ``(a) Establishment.--There is in the Department a board to be 
composed of senior representatives of departmental operational 
components and headquarters elements. The purpose of the board shall be 
to coordinate and integrate departmental intelligence, activities, and 
policy related to the counterterrorism mission and functions of the 
Department.
    ``(b) Charter.--There shall be a charter to govern the structure 
and mission of the board. Such charter shall direct the board to focus 
on the current threat environment and the importance of aligning 
departmental counterterrorism activities under the Secretary's 
guidance. The charter shall be reviewed and updated every four years, 
as appropriate.
    ``(c) Members.--
            ``(1) Chair.--The Secretary shall appoint a Coordinator for 
        Counterterrorism within the Department who will serve as the 
        chair of the board.
            ``(2) Additional members.--The Secretary shall appoint 
        additional members of the board from among the following:
                    ``(A) The Transportation Security Administration.
                    ``(B) U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
                    ``(C) U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
                    ``(D) The Federal Emergency Management Agency.
                    ``(E) The Coast Guard.
                    ``(F) United States Citizenship and Immigration 
                Services.
                    ``(G) The United States Secret Service.
                    ``(H) The National Protection and Programs 
                Directorate.
                    ``(I) The Office of Operations Coordination.
                    ``(J) The Office of the General Counsel.
                    ``(K) The Office of Intelligence and Analysis.
                    ``(L) The Office of Policy.
                    ``(M) The Science and Technology Directorate.
                    ``(N) Other departmental offices and programs as 
                determined appropriate by the Secretary.
    ``(d) Meetings.--The board shall meet on a regular basis to discuss 
intelligence and coordinate ongoing threat mitigation efforts and 
departmental activities, including coordination with other Federal, 
State, local, tribal, territorial, and private sector partners, and 
shall make recommendations to the Secretary.
    ``(e) Terrorism Alerts.--The board shall advise the Secretary on 
the issuance of terrorism alerts pursuant to section 203 of this Act.
    ``(f) Prohibition on Additional Funds.--No additional funds are 
authorized to carry out this section.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 210H, as added by this Act, the following new 
item:

``Sec. 210I. Departmental coordination on counterterrorism.''.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security, acting through the 
Coordinator for Counterterrorism, shall submit to the Committee on 
Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate a report on 
the status and activities of the board established under section 210I 
of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as added by subsection (a) of 
this section.

SEC. 1308. BORDER AND GANG THREAT ASSESSMENT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall conduct 
a threat assessment on whether human smuggling organizations and 
transnational gangs are exploiting vulnerabilities in border security 
screening programs to gain access to the United States and threaten the 
United States or border security.
    (b) Recommendations.--Upon completion of the threat assessment 
required under subsection (a), the Secretary of Homeland Security shall 
make a determination if any changes are required to address security 
vulnerabilities identified in such assessment.

SEC. 1309. SECURITY CLEARANCE MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION.

    (a) In General.--Title VII of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting before section 701 (6 U.S.C. 341) the 
        following:

                ``Subtitle A--Headquarters Activities'';

        and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subtitle:

                   ``Subtitle B--Security Clearances

``SEC. 731. DESIGNATION OF NATIONAL SECURITY SENSITIVE AND PUBLIC TRUST 
              POSITIONS.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall require the designation of 
the sensitivity level of national security positions (pursuant to part 
1400 of title 5, Code of Federal Regulations, or similar successor 
regulation) be conducted in a consistent manner with respect to all 
components and offices of the Department, and consistent with Federal 
guidelines.
    ``(b) Implementation.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall require the utilization of uniform designation tools 
throughout the Department and provide training to appropriate staff of 
the Department on such utilization. Such training shall include 
guidance on factors for determining eligibility for access to 
classified information and eligibility to hold a national security 
position.

``SEC. 732. REVIEW OF POSITION DESIGNATIONS.

    ``(a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this subtitle, and every five years thereafter, the 
Secretary shall review all sensitivity level designations of national 
security positions (pursuant to part 1400 of title 5, Code of Federal 
Regulations, or similar successor regulation) at the Department.
    ``(b) Determination.--If during the course of a review required 
under subsection (a), the Secretary determines that a change in the 
sensitivity level of a position that affects the need for an individual 
to obtain access to classified information is warranted, such access 
shall be administratively adjusted and an appropriate level periodic 
reinvestigation completed, as necessary.
    ``(c) Congressional Reporting.--Upon completion of each review 
required under subsection (a), the Secretary shall report to the 
Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate 
on the findings of each such review, including the number of positions 
by classification level and by component and office of the Department 
in which the Secretary made a determination in accordance with 
subsection (b) to--
            ``(1) require access to classified information;
            ``(2) no longer require access to classified information; 
        or
            ``(3) otherwise require a different level of access to 
        classified information.

``SEC. 733. AUDITS.

    ``Beginning not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this section, the Inspector General of the Department shall conduct 
regular audits of compliance of the Department with part 1400 of title 
5, Code of Federal Regulations, or similar successor regulation.

``SEC. 734. REPORTING.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall annually through fiscal year 
2022 submit to the Committee on Homeland Security and the Committee on 
Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate a 
report on the following:
            ``(1) The number of denials, suspensions, revocations, and 
        appeals of the eligibility for access to classified information 
        of an individual throughout the Department.
            ``(2) The date and status or disposition of each reported 
        action under paragraph (1).
            ``(3) The identification of the sponsoring entity, whether 
        by a component, office, or headquarters of the Department, of 
        each action under paragraph (1), and description of the grounds 
        for each such action.
            ``(4) Demographic data, including data relating to race, 
        sex, national origin, and disability, of each individual for 
        whom eligibility for access to classified information was 
        denied, suspended, revoked, or appealed, and the number of 
        years that each such individual was eligible for access to such 
        information.
            ``(5) In the case of a suspension in excess of 180 days, an 
        explanation for such duration.
    ``(b) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form and be made publicly available, but may 
include a classified annex for any sensitive or classified information 
if necessary.

``SEC. 735. UNIFORM ADJUDICATION, SUSPENSION, DENIAL, AND REVOCATION.

    ``Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
section, the Secretary, in consultation with the Homeland Security 
Advisory Committee, shall develop a plan to achieve greater uniformity 
within the Department with respect to the adjudication of eligibility 
of an individual for access to classified information that are 
consistent with the Adjudicative Guidelines for Determining Access to 
Classified Information published on December 29, 2005, or similar 
successor regulation. The Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate the plan. The 
plan shall consider the following:
            ``(1) Mechanisms to foster greater compliance with the 
        uniform Department adjudication, suspension, denial, and 
        revocation standards by the head of each component and office 
        of the Department with the authority to adjudicate access to 
        classified information.
            ``(2) The establishment of an internal appeals panel 
        responsible for final national security clearance denial and 
        revocation determinations that is comprised of designees who 
        are career, supervisory employees from components and offices 
        of the Department with the authority to adjudicate access to 
        classified information and headquarters, as appropriate.

``SEC. 736. DATA PROTECTION.

    ``The Secretary shall ensure that all information received for the 
adjudication of eligibility of an individual for access to classified 
information is consistent with the Adjudicative Guidelines for 
Determining Access to Classified Information published on December 29, 
2005, or similar successor regulation, and is protected against 
misappropriation.

``SEC. 737. REFERENCE.

    ``Except as otherwise provided, for purposes of this subtitle, any 
reference to the `Department' includes all components and offices of 
the Department.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents of the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002 is amended--
            (1) by inserting before the item relating to section 701 
        the following new item:

                ``Subtitle A--Headquarters Activities'';

        and
            (2) by inserting after the final item relating to title VII 
        the following new items:

                   ``Subtitle B--Security Clearances

``Sec. 731. Designation of national security sensitive and public trust 
                            positions.
``Sec. 732. Review of position designations.
``Sec. 733. Audits.
``Sec. 734. Reporting.
``Sec. 735. Uniform adjudication, suspension, denial, and revocation.
``Sec. 736. Data protection.
``Sec. 737. Reference.''.

              Subtitle B--Stakeholder Information Sharing

SEC. 1311. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY FUSION CENTER PARTNERSHIP 
              INITIATIVE.

    (a) In General.--Section 210A of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 
(6 U.S.C. 124h) is amended--
            (1) by amending the section heading to read as follows:

``SEC. 210A. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY FUSION CENTER PARTNERSHIP 
              INITIATIVE.'';

            (2) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the following 
        new sentence: ``Beginning on the date of the enactment of the 
        Department of Homeland Security Authorization Act of 2017, such 
        Initiative shall be known as the `Department of Homeland 
        Security Fusion Center Partnership Initiative'.'';
            (3) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
    ``(b) Interagency Support and Coordination.--Through the Department 
of Homeland Security Fusion Center Partnership Initiative, in 
coordination with principal officials of fusion centers in the National 
Network of Fusion Centers and the officers designated as the Homeland 
Security Advisors of the States, the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) coordinate with the heads of other Federal 
        departments and agencies to provide operational and 
        intelligence advice and assistance to the National Network of 
        Fusion Centers;
            ``(2)(A) support the integration of fusion centers into the 
        information sharing environment;
            ``(B) conduct outreach to such fusion centers to identify 
        any gaps in information sharing; and
            ``(C) consult with other Federal agencies to develop 
        methods to address any such gaps, as appropriate;
            ``(3)(A) identify Federal databases and datasets, including 
        databases and datasets used, operated, or managed by Department 
        components, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the 
        Department of the Treasury, that are appropriate, in accordance 
        with Federal laws and policies, to address any gaps identified 
        pursuant to paragraph (2), for inclusion in the information 
        sharing environment; and
            ``(B) coordinate with the appropriate Federal agency to 
        deploy or access such databases and datasets;
            ``(4) support the maturation and sustainment of the 
        National Network of Fusion Centers;
            ``(5) reduce inefficiencies and maximize the effectiveness 
        of Federal resource support to the National Network of Fusion 
        Centers;
            ``(6) provide analytic and reporting advice and assistance 
        to the National Network of Fusion Centers;
            ``(7) review information within the scope of the 
        information sharing environment, including homeland security 
        information, terrorism information, and weapons of mass 
        destruction information, that is gathered by the National 
        Network of Fusion Centers and incorporate such information, as 
        appropriate, into the Department's own such information;
            ``(8) provide for the effective dissemination of 
        information within the scope of the information sharing 
        environment to the National Network of Fusion Centers;
            ``(9) facilitate close communication and coordination 
        between the National Network of Fusion Centers and the 
        Department and other Federal departments and agencies;
            ``(10) provide the National Network of Fusion Centers with 
        expertise on Department resources and operations, including, in 
        coordination with the national cybersecurity and communications 
        integration center under section 227, access to timely 
        technical assistance, risk management support, and incident 
        response capabilities with respect to cyber threat indicators, 
        defensive measures, cybersecurity risks, and incidents (as such 
        terms are defined in such section), which may include 
        attribution, mitigation, and remediation, and the provision of 
        information and recommendations on security and resilience, 
        including implications of cybersecurity risks to equipment and 
        technology related to the electoral process;
            ``(11) coordinate the provision of training and technical 
        assistance to the National Network of Fusion Centers and 
        encourage participating fusion centers to take part in 
        terrorism threat-related exercises conducted by the Department;
            ``(12) review information relating to cybersecurity risks 
        that is gathered by State, local, and regional fusion centers, 
        and incorporate such information, as appropriate, into the 
        Department's own information relating to cybersecurity risks;
            ``(13) ensure the dissemination to State, local, and 
        regional fusion centers of the information described in 
        paragraph (12);
            ``(14) ensure, to the greatest extent practicable, that 
        support for the National Network of Fusion Centers is included 
        as a national priority in applicable homeland security grant 
        guidance;
            ``(15) ensure that each fusion center in the National 
        Network of Fusion Centers has a privacy policy approved by the 
        Chief Privacy Officer of the Department and a civil rights and 
        civil liberties policy approved by the Officer for Civil Rights 
        and Civil Liberties of the Department;
            ``(16) coordinate the nationwide suspicious activity report 
        initiative to ensure information gathered by the National 
        Network of Fusion Centers is incorporated as appropriate;
            ``(17) promote and facilitate, to the greatest extent 
        practicable, nationwide suspicious activity report training of 
        fire, emergency medical services, emergency management, and 
        public heath personnel;
            ``(18) lead Department efforts to ensure fusion centers in 
        the National Network of Fusion Centers are the primary focal 
        points for the sharing of homeland security information, 
        terrorism information, and weapons of mass destruction 
        information with State, local, tribal, and territorial entities 
        to the greatest extent practicable;
            ``(19) develop and disseminate best practices on the 
        appropriate levels for staffing at fusion centers in the 
        National Network of Fusion Centers of qualified representatives 
        from State, local, tribal, and territorial law enforcement, 
        fire, emergency medical, and emergency management services, and 
        public health disciplines, as well as the private sector; and
            ``(20) carry out such other duties as the Secretary 
        determines appropriate.'';
            (4) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking so much as precedes paragraph 
                (3)(B) and inserting the following:
    ``(c) Resource Allocation.--
            ``(1) Information sharing and personnel assignment.--
                    ``(A) Information sharing.--The Under Secretary for 
                Intelligence and Analysis shall ensure that, as 
                appropriate--
                            ``(i) fusion centers in the National 
                        Network of Fusion Centers have access to 
                        homeland security information sharing systems; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) Department personnel are deployed to 
                        support fusion centers in the National Network 
                        of Fusion Centers in a manner consistent with 
                        the Department's mission and existing statutory 
                        limits.
                    ``(B) Personnel assignment.--Department personnel 
                referred to in subparagraph (A)(ii) may include the 
                following:
                            ``(i) Intelligence officers.
                            ``(ii) Intelligence analysts.
                            ``(iii) Other liaisons from components and 
                        offices of the Department, as appropriate.
                    ``(C) Memoranda of understanding.--The Under 
                Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis shall negotiate 
                memoranda of understanding between the Department and a 
                State or local government, in coordination with the 
                appropriate representatives from fusion centers in the 
                National Network of Fusion Centers, regarding the 
                exchange of information between the Department and such 
                fusion centers. Such memoranda shall include the 
                following:
                            ``(i) The categories of information to be 
                        provided by each entity to the other entity 
                        that are parties to any such memoranda.
                            ``(ii) The contemplated uses of the 
                        exchanged information that is the subject of 
                        any such memoranda.
                            ``(iii) The procedures for developing joint 
                        products.
                            ``(iv) The information sharing dispute 
                        resolution processes.
                            ``(v) Any protections necessary to ensure 
                        the exchange of information accords with 
                        applicable law and policies.
            ``(2) Sources of support.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Information shared and personnel 
                assigned pursuant to paragraph (1) may be shared or 
                provided, as the case may be, by the following 
                Department components and offices, in coordination with 
                the respective component or office head and in 
                consultation with the principal officials of fusion 
                centers in the National Network of Fusion Centers:
                            ``(i) The Office of Intelligence and 
                        Analysis.
                            ``(ii) The Office of Infrastructure 
                        Protection.
                            ``(iii) The Transportation Security 
                        Administration.
                            ``(iv) U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
                            ``(v) U.S. Immigration and Customs 
                        Enforcement.
                            ``(vi) The Coast Guard.
                            ``(vii) The national cybersecurity and 
                        communications integration center under section 
                        227.
                            ``(viii) Other components or offices of the 
                        Department, as determined by the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Coordination with other federal agencies.--
                The Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis shall 
                coordinate with appropriate officials throughout the 
                Federal Government to ensure the deployment to fusion 
                centers in the National Network of Fusion Centers of 
                representatives with relevant expertise of other 
                Federal departments and agencies.
            ``(3) Resource allocation criteria.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall make 
                available criteria for sharing information and 
                deploying personnel to support a fusion center in the 
                National Network of Fusion Centers in a manner 
                consistent with the Department's mission and existing 
                statutory limits.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4)(B), in the matter preceding 
                clause (i), by inserting ``in which such fusion center 
                is located'' after ``region'';
            (5) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph 
                (5);
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following 
                new paragraph:
            ``(4) assist, in coordination with the national 
        cybersecurity and communications integration center under 
        section 227, fusion centers in using information relating to 
        cybersecurity risks to develop a comprehensive and accurate 
        threat picture;''.
                    (D) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated--
                            (i) by striking ``government'' and 
                        inserting ``governments''; and
                            (ii) by striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``; and''; and
                    (E) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(6) utilize Department information, including information 
        held by components and offices, to develop analysis focused on 
        the mission of the Department under section 101(b).'';
            (6) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
            ``(1) In general.--To the greatest extent practicable, the 
        Secretary shall make it a priority to allocate resources, 
        including deployed personnel, under this section from U.S. 
        Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Immigration and Customs 
        Enforcement, and the Coast Guard to support fusion centers in 
        the National Network of Fusion Centers located in jurisdictions 
        along land or maritime borders of the United States in order to 
        enhance the integrity of and security at such borders by 
        helping Federal, State, local, tribal, and territorial law 
        enforcement authorities to identify, investigate, and otherwise 
        interdict persons, weapons, and related contraband that pose a 
        threat to homeland security.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), in the matter preceding 
                subparagraph (A), by striking ``participating State, 
                local, and regional fusion centers'' and inserting 
                ``fusion centers in the National Network of Fusion 
                Centers'';
            (7) in subsection (j)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph 
                (7);
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (4) as 
                paragraphs (2) through (5), respectively;
                    (C) by inserting before paragraph (2) the following 
                new paragraph:
            ``(1) the term `cybersecurity risk' has the meaning given 
        such term in section 227;''.
                    (D) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``and'' at the end; and
                    (E) by inserting after such paragraph (5) the 
                following new paragraph:
            ``(6) the term `National Network of Fusion Centers' means a 
        decentralized arrangement of fusion centers intended to enhance 
        individual State and urban area fusion centers' ability to 
        leverage the capabilities and expertise of all fusion centers 
        for the purpose of enhancing analysis and homeland security 
        information sharing nationally; and''; and
            (8) by striking subsection (k).
    (b) Accountability Report.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act and annually thereafter through 2024, the 
Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis of the Department of 
Homeland Security shall report to the Committee on Homeland Security 
and the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
Affairs and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate on the 
efforts of the Office of Intelligence and Analysis of the Department 
and other relevant components and offices of the Department to enhance 
support provided to fusion centers in the National Network of Fusion 
Centers, including meeting the requirements specified in section 210A 
of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 124h), as amended by 
subsection (a) of this section.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is amended by striking the item 
relating to section 210A and inserting the following new item:

``Sec. 210A. Department of Homeland Security Fusion Center Partnership 
                            Initiative.''.
    (d) Reference.--Any reference in any law, rule, or regulation to 
the ``Department of Homeland Security State, Local, and Regional Fusion 
Center Initiative'' shall be deemed to be a reference to the 
``Department of Homeland Security Fusion Center Partnership 
Initiative''.

SEC. 1312. FUSION CENTER PERSONNEL NEEDS ASSESSMENT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall conduct an assessment of Department of Homeland Security 
personnel assigned to fusion centers pursuant to subsection (c) of 
section 210A of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 124h), as 
amended by this Act, including an assessment of whether deploying 
additional Department personnel to such fusion centers would enhance 
the Department's mission under section 101(b) of such Act and the 
National Network of Fusion Centers. The assessment required under this 
subsection shall include the following:
            (1) Information on the current deployment of the 
        Department's personnel to each fusion center.
            (2) Information on the roles and responsibilities of the 
        Department's Office of Intelligence and Analysis intelligence 
        officers, intelligence analysts, senior reports officers, 
        reports officers, and regional directors deployed to fusion 
        centers.
            (3) Information on Federal resources, in addition to 
        personnel, provided to each fusion center.
            (4) An analysis of the optimal number of personnel the 
        Office of Intelligence and Analysis should deploy to fusion 
        centers, including a cost-benefit analysis comparing deployed 
        personnel with technological solutions to support information 
        sharing.
            (5) An assessment of fusion centers located in 
        jurisdictions along land and maritime borders of the United 
        States, and the degree to which deploying personnel, as 
        appropriate, from U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. 
        Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and the Coast Guard to 
        such fusion centers would enhance the integrity and security at 
        such borders by helping Federal, State, local, tribal, and 
        territorial law enforcement authorities to identify, 
        investigate, and interdict persons, weapons, and related 
        contraband that pose a threat to homeland security.
            (6) An assessment of fusion centers located in 
        jurisdictions with large and medium hub airports, and the 
        degree to which deploying, as appropriate, personnel from the 
        Transportation Security Administration to such fusion centers 
        would enhance the integrity and security of aviation security.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Fusion center.--The term ``fusion center'' has the 
        meaning given such term in subsection (j) of section 210A of 
        the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 124h).
            (2) National network of fusion centers.--The term 
        ``National Network of Fusion Centers'' has the meaning given 
        such term in subsection (j) of section 210A of the Homeland 
        Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 124h), as amended by this Act.

SEC. 1313. PROGRAM FOR STATE AND LOCAL ANALYST CLEARANCES.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that any 
program established by the Under Secretary for Intelligence and 
Analysis of the Department of Homeland Security to provide eligibility 
for access to information classified as Top Secret for State, local, 
tribal, and territorial analysts located in fusion centers shall be 
consistent with the need to know requirements pursuant to Executive 
Order No. 13526 (50 U.S.C. 3161 note).
    (b) Report.--Not later than two years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Intelligence and Analysis 
of the Department of Homeland Security, in consultation with the 
Director of National Intelligence, shall submit to the Committee on 
Homeland Security and the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
Governmental Affairs and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
Senate a report on the following:
            (1) The process by which the Under Secretary of 
        Intelligence and Analysis determines a need to know pursuant to 
        Executive Order No. 13526 to sponsor Top Secret clearances for 
        appropriate State, local, tribal, and territorial analysts 
        located in fusion centers.
            (2) The effects of such Top Secret clearances on enhancing 
        information sharing with State, local, tribal, and territorial 
        partners.
            (3) The cost for providing such Top Secret clearances for 
        State, local, tribal, and territorial analysts located in 
        fusion centers, including training and background 
        investigations.
            (4) The operational security protocols, training, 
        management, and risks associated with providing such Top Secret 
        clearances for State, local, tribal, and territorial analysts 
        located in fusion centers.
    (c) Definition.--In this section, the term ``fusion center'' has 
the meaning given such term in subsection (j) of section 210A of the 
Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 124h).

SEC. 1314. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT.

    (a) In General.--The Under Secretary of Intelligence and Analysis 
of the Department of Homeland Security, in collaboration with the Chief 
Information Officer of the Department and representatives from the 
National Network of Fusion Centers, shall conduct an assessment of 
information systems (as such term is defined in section 3502 of title 
44, United States Code) used to share homeland security information 
between the Department and fusion centers in the National Network of 
Fusion Centers and make upgrades to such systems, as appropriate. Such 
assessment shall include the following:
            (1) An evaluation of the accessibility and ease of use of 
        such systems by fusion centers in the National Network of 
        Fusion Centers.
            (2) A review to determine how to establish improved 
        interoperability of departmental information systems with 
        existing information systems used by fusion centers in the 
        National Network of Fusion Centers.
            (3) An evaluation of participation levels of departmental 
        components and offices of information systems used to share 
        homeland security information with fusion centers in the 
        National Network of Fusion Centers.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Fusion center.--The term ``fusion center'' has the 
        meaning given such term in subsection (j) of section 210A of 
        the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 124h).
            (2) National network of fusion centers.--The term 
        ``National Network of Fusion Centers'' has the meaning given 
        such term in subsection (j) of section 210A of the Homeland 
        Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 124h), as amended by this Act.

SEC. 1315. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CLASSIFIED FACILITY 
              INVENTORY AND DISSEMINATION.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Homeland Security shall, to the 
extent practicable--
            (1) maintain an inventory of those Department of Homeland 
        Security facilities that the Department certifies to house 
        classified infrastructure or systems at the secret level and 
        above;
            (2) update such inventory on a regular basis; and
            (3) share part or all of such inventory with--
                    (A) Department personnel who have been granted the 
                appropriate security clearance;
                    (B) non-Federal governmental personnel who have 
                been granted a Top Secret security clearance; and
                    (C) other personnel as determined appropriate by 
                the Secretary.
    (b) Inventory.--The inventory of facilities described in subsection 
(a) may include--
            (1) the location of such facilities;
            (2) the attributes of such facilities (including the square 
        footage of, the total capacity of, the number of workstations 
        in, and the number of conference rooms in, such facilities);
            (3) the entities that operate such facilities; and
            (4) the date of establishment of such facilities.

SEC. 1316. TERROR INMATE INFORMATION SHARING.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Homeland Security, in 
coordination with the Attorney General and in consultation with other 
appropriate Federal officials, shall, as appropriate, share with State, 
local, and regional fusion centers through the Department of Homeland 
Security Fusion Center Partnership Initiative under section 210A of the 
Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 124h), as amended by this Act, 
as well as other relevant law enforcement entities, release information 
from a Federal correctional facility, including the name, charging 
date, and expected place and date of release, of certain individuals 
who may pose a terrorist threat.
    (b) Scope.--The information shared pursuant to subsection (a) shall 
be--
            (1) for homeland security purposes; and
            (2) regarding individuals convicted of a Federal crime of 
        terrorism (as such term is defined in section 2332b of title 
        18, United States Code).
    (c) Periodic Threat Assessments.--Consistent with the protection of 
classified information and controlled unclassified information, the 
Secretary of Homeland Security shall coordinate with appropriate 
Federal officials to provide State, local, and regional fusion centers 
described in subsection (a) with periodic assessments regarding the 
overall threat from known or suspected terrorists currently 
incarcerated in a Federal correctional facility, including the assessed 
risks of such populations engaging in terrorist activity upon release.
    (d) Privacy Protections.--Prior to affecting the information 
sharing described in subsection (a), the Secretary shall receive input 
and advice from the Officer for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties, the 
Officer for Privacy and the Chief Intelligence Officer of the 
Department.
    (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be construed 
as requiring the establishment of a list or registry of individuals 
convicted of terrorism.

SEC. 1317. ANNUAL REPORT ON OFFICE FOR STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT.

    Subsection (b) of section 2006 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 
(6 U.S.C. 607) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(5) Annual report.--For each of fiscal years 2018 through 
        2022, the Assistant Secretary for State and Local Law 
        Enforcement shall submit to the Committee on Homeland Security 
        of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland 
        Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate a report on the 
        activities of the Office for State and Local Law Enforcement. 
        Each such report shall include, for the fiscal year covered by 
        the report, a description of each of the following:
                    ``(A) Efforts to coordinate and share information 
                regarding Department and component agency programs with 
                State, local, and tribal law enforcement agencies.
                    ``(B) Efforts to improve information sharing 
                through the Homeland Security Information Network by 
                appropriate component agencies of the Department and by 
                State, local, and tribal law enforcement agencies.
                    ``(C) The status of performance metrics within the 
                Office of State and Local Law Enforcement to evaluate 
                the effectiveness of efforts to carry out 
                responsibilities set forth within the subsection.
                    ``(D) Any feedback from State, local, and tribal 
                law enforcement agencies about the Office, including 
                the mechanisms utilized to collect such feedback.
                    ``(E) Efforts to carry out all other 
                responsibilities of the Office of State and Local Law 
                Enforcement.''.

SEC. 1318. ANNUAL CATALOG ON DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TRAINING, 
              PUBLICATIONS, PROGRAMS, AND SERVICES FOR STATE, LOCAL, 
              AND TRIBAL LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES.

    Paragraph (4) of section 2006(b) of the Homeland Security Act of 
2002 (6 U.S.C. 607(b)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (F), by striking the period and 
        inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(G) produce an annual catalog that summarizes 
                opportunities for training, publications, programs, and 
                services available to State, local, and tribal law 
                enforcement agencies from the Department and from each 
                component and office within the Department and, not 
                later than 30 days after the date of such production, 
                disseminate the catalog, including by--
                            ``(i) making such catalog available to 
                        State, local, and tribal law enforcement 
                        agencies, including by posting the catalog on 
                        the website of the Department and cooperating 
                        with national organizations that represent such 
                        agencies;
                            ``(ii) making such catalog available 
                        through the Homeland Security Information 
                        Network; and
                            ``(iii) submitting such catalog to the 
                        Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
                        Representatives and the Committee on Homeland 
                        Security and Governmental Affairs of the 
                        Senate; and
                    ``(H) in coordination with appropriate components 
                and offices of the Department and other Federal 
                agencies, develop, maintain, and make available 
                information on Federal resources intended to support 
                fusion center access to Federal information and 
                resources.''.

                      TITLE IV--MARITIME SECURITY

SEC. 1401. STRATEGIC PLAN TO ENHANCE THE SECURITY OF THE INTERNATIONAL 
              SUPPLY CHAIN.

    Paragraph (2) of section 201(g) of the Security and Accountability 
for Every Port Act of 2006 (6 U.S.C. 941(g)) is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(2) Updates.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this paragraph and every three years 
        thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a report that contains an update of 
        the strategic plan required by subsection (a).''.

SEC. 1402. CONTAINER SECURITY INITIATIVE.

    Subsection (l) of section 205 of the Security and Accountability 
for Every Port Act of 2006 (6 U.S.C. 945) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(1) in general.--Not later than September 
        30, 2007,'' and inserting ``Not later than 270 days after the 
        date of the enactment of the Border and Maritime Security 
        Coordination Improvement Act,'';
            (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (H) as 
        paragraphs (1) through (8), respectively, and by moving the 
        margins of such paragraphs (as so redesignated) two ems to the 
        left; and
            (3) by striking paragraph (2).

SEC. 1403. CYBER AT PORTS.

    (a) Cybersecurity Enhancements to Maritime Security Activities.--
Subparagraph (B) of section 70112(a)(2) of title 46, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating clauses (i) through (iii) as clauses 
        (ii) and (iv), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting before clause (ii) the following new 
        clause:
            ``(i) shall facilitate the sharing of information relating 
        to cybersecurity risks and incidents (as such terms are defined 
        in section 227 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 
        148)) to address port-specific cybersecurity risks and 
        incidents, which may include the establishment of a working 
        group of members of such committees to address such port-
        specific cybersecurity risks and incidents;''.
    (b) Vulnerability Assessments and Security Plans.--Title 46, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (C) of section 70102(b)(1), by 
        inserting ``cybersecurity,'' after ``physical security,''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (C) of section 70103(c)(3)--
                    (A) in clause (i), by inserting ``cybersecurity,'' 
                after ``physical security,'';
                    (B) in clause (iv), by striking ``and'' after the 
                semicolon at the end;
                    (C) by redesignating clause (v) as clause (vi); and
                    (D) by inserting after clause (iv) the following 
                new clause:
    ``(v) prevention, management, and response to cybersecurity risks 
and incidents (as such terms are defined in section 227 of the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 148)); and''.

SEC. 1404. FACILITY INSPECTION INTERVALS.

    Subparagraph (D) of section 70103(c)(4) of title 46, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:
                    ``(D) subject to the availability of 
                appropriations, verify the effectiveness of each such 
                facility security plan periodically, but not less than 
                one time per year without notice, and more frequently 
                as determined necessary, in a risk based manner, with 
                or without notice to the facility.''.

SEC. 1405. UPDATES OF MARITIME OPERATIONS COORDINATION PLAN.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle C of title IV of the Homeland Security 
Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 231 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:

``SEC. 434. UPDATES OF MARITIME OPERATIONS COORDINATION PLAN.

    ``Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
section and biennially thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Homeland Security and the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate a maritime 
operations coordination plan for the coordination and cooperation of 
maritime operations undertaken by components and offices of the 
Department with responsibility for maritime security missions. Such 
plan shall update the maritime operations coordination plan released by 
the Department in July 2011, and shall address the following:
            ``(1) Coordination of planning, integration of maritime 
        operations, and development of joint maritime domain awareness 
        efforts of any component or office of the Department with 
        responsibility for maritime homeland security missions.
            ``(2) Maintaining effective information sharing and, as 
        appropriate, intelligence integration, with Federal, State, and 
        local officials and the private sector, regarding threats to 
        maritime security.
            ``(3) Cooperation and coordination with other departments 
        and agencies of the Federal Government, and State and local 
        agencies, in the maritime environment, in support of maritime 
        homeland security missions.
            ``(4) Work conducted within the context of other national 
        and Department maritime security strategic guidance.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is amended by adding after the item 
relating to section 433 the following new item:

``Sec. 434. Updates of maritime operations coordination plan.''.

SEC. 1406. EVALUATION OF COAST GUARD DEPLOYABLE SPECIALIZED FORCES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the Committee on Homeland Security and the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs and the 
Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a 
report that describes and assesses the state of the Coast Guard's 
Deployable Specialized Forces (in this section referred to as the 
``DSF''). Such report shall include, at a minimum, the following 
elements:
            (1) For each of the past three fiscal years, and for each 
        type of DSF, the following:
                    (A) A cost analysis, including training, operating, 
                and travel costs.
                    (B) The number of personnel assigned.
                    (C) The total number of units.
                    (D) The total number of operations conducted.
                    (E) The number of operations requested by each of 
                the following:
                            (i) The Coast Guard.
                            (ii) Other components or offices of the 
                        Department of Homeland Security.
                            (iii) Other Federal departments or 
                        agencies.
                            (iv) State agencies.
                            (v) Local agencies.
                    (F) The number of operations fulfilled by the 
                entities specified in subparagraph (E).
            (2) An examination of alternative distributions of DSFs, 
        including the feasibility, cost (including cost savings), and 
        impact on mission capability of such distributions, including 
        at a minimum the following:
                    (A) Combining DSFs, primarily focused on 
                counterdrug operations, under one centralized command.
                    (B) Distributing counter-terrorism and anti-
                terrorism capabilities to DSFs in each major United 
                States port.
    (b) Deployable Specialized Force Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``Deployable Specialized Force'' means a unit of the Coast Guard 
that serves as a quick reaction force designed to be deployed to handle 
counter-drug, counter-terrorism, and anti-terrorism operations or other 
maritime threats to the United States.

SEC. 1407. COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF CO-LOCATING DHS ASSETS.

    (a) In General.--For any location in which U.S. Customs and Border 
Protection's Office of Air and Marine Operations is based within 45 
miles of locations where any other Department of Homeland Security 
agency also operates air and marine assets, the Secretary of Homeland 
Security shall conduct a cost-benefit analysis to consider the 
potential cost of and savings derived from co-locating aviation and 
maritime operational assets of the Office of Air and Marine Operations 
at facilities where other agencies of the Department operate such 
assets. In analyzing such potential cost savings achieved by sharing 
aviation and maritime facilities, such analysis shall consider, at a 
minimum, the following factors:
            (1) Potential enhanced cooperation derived from Department 
        personnel being co-located.
            (2) Potential costs of, and savings derived through, shared 
        maintenance and logistics facilities and activities.
            (3) Joint use of base and facility infrastructure, such as 
        runways, hangars, control towers, operations centers, piers and 
        docks, boathouses, and fuel depots.
            (4) Potential operational costs of co-locating aviation and 
        maritime assets and personnel.
            (5) Short term moving costs required in order to co-locate 
        facilities.
            (6) Acquisition and infrastructure costs for enlarging 
        current facilities, as needed.
    (b) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall submit 
to the Committee on Homeland Security and the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the 
Senate a report summarizing the results of the cost-benefit analysis 
required under subsection (a) and any planned actions based upon such 
results.

SEC. 1408. REPEAL OF INTERAGENCY OPERATIONAL CENTERS FOR PORT SECURITY 
              AND SECURE SYSTEMS OF TRANSPORTATION.

    Sections 70107A and 70116 of title 46, United States Code, are 
repealed.

SEC. 1409. MARITIME SECURITY CAPABILITIES ASSESSMENTS.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle C of title IV of the Homeland Security 
Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 231 et seq.), as amended by this Act, is further 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``SEC. 435. MARITIME SECURITY CAPABILITIES ASSESSMENTS.

    ``Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
section and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate 
an assessment of the number and type of maritime assets and the number 
of personnel required to increase the Department's maritime response 
rate pursuant to section 1092 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017 (6 U.S.C. 223; Public Law 114-328).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as amended by this Act, is further 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 434 the 
following new item:

``Sec. 435. Maritime security capabilities assessments.''.

SEC. 1410. CONFORMING AND CLERICAL AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Sections.--The following provisions of the Security and 
Accountability for Every Port Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-347) are 
amended as follows:
            (1) By striking section 105.
            (2) By redesignating sections 106 and 107 as sections 105 
        and 106, respectively.
            (3) By striking section 108.
            (4) By redesignating sections 109 and 110 as sections 107 
        and 108, respectively.
            (5) In section 121 (6 U.S.C. 921)--
                    (A) by striking subsections (c), (d), and (e); and
                    (B) redesignating subsections (f), (g), (h), and 
                (i) as subsections (c), (d), (e), and (f), 
                respectively.
            (6) By striking sections 122 and 127 (6 U.S.C. 922 and ).
            (7) By redesignating sections 123, 124, 125, 126, and 128 
        as sections 122, 123, 124, 125, and 126, respectively.
            (8) In section 233 (6 U.S.C. 983), by striking subsection 
        (c).
            (9) By striking section 235 (6 U.S.C. 984).
            (10) By redesignating section 236 as section 235.
            (11) By striking sections 701 and 708 (and the item 
        relating to such section in the table of contents of such Act).
            (12) By redesignating sections 702, 703, 704, 705, 706, 
        707, and 709 as sections 701, 702, 703, 704, 705, 706, and 707, 
        respectively.
    (b) Table of Contents.--
            (1) Security and accountability for every port act of 
        2006.--The table of contents of the Security and Accountability 
        for Every Port Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-347) is amended as 
        follows:
                    (A) In the list of items relating to subtitle A of 
                title I, by striking the items relating to sections 105 
                through 110 and inserting the following new items:

``Sec. 105. Prohibition of issuance of transportation security cards to 
                            persons convicted of certain felonies.
``Sec. 106. Long-range vessel tracking.
``Sec. 107. Notice of arrival for foreign vessels on the Outer 
                            Continental Shelf.
``Sec. 108. Enhanced crewmember identification.''.
                    (B) In the list of items relating to subtitle C of 
                title I, by striking the items relating to sections 122 
                through 128 and inserting the following new items:

``Sec. 122. Random searches of containers.
``Sec. 123. Work stoppages and employee-employer disputes.
``Sec. 124. Threat assessment screening of port truck drivers.
``Sec. 125. Border Patrol unit for United States Virgin Islands.
``Sec. 126. Center of Excellence for Maritime Domain Awareness.''.
                    (C) In the list of items relating to subtitle C of 
                title II, by striking the items relating to sections 
                235 and 236 and inserting the following new item:

``Sec. 235. Information sharing relating to supply chain security 
                            cooperation.''.
                    (D) In the list of items relating to title VII, by 
                striking the items relating to sections 701 through 709 
                and inserting the following new items:

``Sec. 701. Disclosures regarding homeland security grants.
``Sec. 702. Trucking security.
``Sec. 703. Air and Marine Operations of the Northern Border Air Wing.
``Sec. 704. Phaseout of vessels supporting oil and gas development.
``Sec. 705. Coast Guard property in Portland, Maine.
``Sec. 706. Methamphetamine and methamphetamine precursor chemicals.
``Sec. 707. Protection of health and safety during disasters.''.
            (2) Title 46.--In the list of items relating to the 
        analysis for chapter 701 of title 46, United States Code, by 
        striking the items relating to sections 70107A and 70116.

            TITLE V--TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION

                       Subtitle A--Administration

SEC. 1501. AMENDMENTS TO THE HOMELAND SECURITY ACT OF 2002 AND TITLE 5, 
              UNITED STATES CODE.

    (a) Homeland Security Act of 2002.--Paragraph (1) of section 103(a) 
of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as amended by this Act, is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(K) An Administrator of the Transportation 
                Security Administration, in accordance with section 114 
                of title 49, United States Code.''.
    (b) Inclusion in Executive Schedule.--Section 5315 of title 5, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration, 
Department of Homeland Security.''.

SEC. 1502. AMENDMENTS TO TITLE 49, UNITED STATES CODE.

    (a) Amendments.--Section 114 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``Department of 
        Transportation'' and inserting ``Department of Homeland 
        Security'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Transportation for Security'' and inserting ``Administrator of 
        the Transportation Security Administration'';
            (3) by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Administrator'';
            (4) in subsection (b), in the heading, by striking ``Under 
        Secretary'' and inserting ``Administrator'';
            (5) in subsection (e)(4), by striking ``Secretary of 
        Transportation'' and inserting ``Secretary of Homeland 
        Security'';
            (6) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) in paragraph (6), by striking ``Managers'' and 
                inserting ``Directors''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (14), by inserting ``air carriers 
                or'' before ``foreign air carriers'';
            (7) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) by striking ``the Secretary'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``the Secretary of Homeland 
                Security''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``The Secretary'' 
                and inserting ``The Secretary of Homeland Security'';
            (8) in subsection (j)(1)(D), by striking ``the Secretary'' 
        and inserting ``the Secretary of Homeland Security'';
            (9) in subsection (l)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``the 
                Secretary'' and inserting ``the Secretary of Homeland 
                Security''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4)(B), by striking ``the 
                Administrator under subparagraph (A)'' and inserting 
                ``the Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
                Administration under subparagraph (A)'';
            (10) in subsection (m)--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``Under Secretary'' 
                and inserting ``Administrator''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1), in the heading, by striking 
                ``Under secretary'' and inserting ``Administrator'';
            (11) in subsection (n), by striking ``Department of 
        Transportation'' and inserting ``Department of Homeland 
        Security'';
            (12) in subsection (o), by striking ``Department of 
        Transportation'' and inserting ``Department of Homeland 
        Security'';
            (13) in subsection (p)(4), by striking ``Secretary of 
        Transportation'' and inserting ``Secretary of Homeland 
        Security'';
            (14) by redesignating subsections (u), (v), and (w) as 
        subsections (t), (cc), and (dd), respectively; and
            (15) by inserting after subsection (t), as so redesignated, 
        the following new subsections:
    ``(u) Deputy Administrator.--There is established in the 
Transportation Security Administration a Deputy Administrator, who 
shall assist the Administrator in the management of the Transportation 
Security Administration.
    ``(v) Office of Public Affairs.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--There is established in the 
        Transportation Security Administration an Office of Public 
        Affairs (in this subsection referred to as the `Office').
            ``(2) Assistant administrator.--The head of the Office 
        shall be the Assistant Administrator for Public Affairs, who 
        shall report to the Administrator of the Transportation 
        Security Administration or the Administrator's designee.
            ``(3) Functions.--The Office shall be responsible for 
        facilitating understanding of the Transportation Security 
        Administration's mission by communicating with internal and 
        external audiences in a timely, accurate, and transparent 
        manner.
    ``(w) Office of Civil Rights and Liberties, Ombudsman, and Traveler 
Engagement.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--There is established in the 
        Transportation Security Administration an Office of Civil 
        Rights and Liberties, Ombudsman, and Traveler Engagement (in 
        this subsection referred to as the `Office').
            ``(2) Assistant administrator.--The head of the Office 
        shall be the Assistant Administrator for Civil Rights and 
        Liberties, Ombudsman, and Traveler Engagement, who shall report 
        to the Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration or the Administrator's designee.
            ``(3) Functions.--The Office shall be responsible for 
        managing allegations of violations of civil rights and civil 
        liberties from the public, carrying out the Administration's 
        equal employment opportunity and diversity policies and 
        programs, including complaint management and adjudication, and 
        helping to ensure that employees and the traveling public are 
        treated in a fair and lawful manner.
    ``(x) Office of Legislative Affairs.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--There is established in the 
        Transportation Security Administration an Office of Legislative 
        Affairs (in this subsection referred to as the `Office').
            ``(2) Assistant administrator.--The head of the Office 
        shall be the Assistant Administrator for Legislative Affairs, 
        who shall report to the Administrator of the Transportation 
        Security Administration or the Administrator's designee.
            ``(3) Functions.--The Office shall be responsible for 
        developing and implementing strategies within the 
        Transportation Security Administration to achieve congressional 
        approval or authorization of the Administration's programs and 
        policies.
    ``(y) Office of Finance and Administration.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--There is established in the 
        Transportation Security Administration an Office of Finance and 
        Administration (in this subsection referred to as the 
        `Office').
            ``(2) Chief financial officer.--The head of the Office 
        shall be the Chief Financial Officer, who shall report to the 
        Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration or 
        the Administrator's designee.
            ``(3) Functions.--The Office shall be responsible for 
        financial, budgetary, and administrative activities that 
        support the mission of the Transportation Security 
        Administration.
    ``(z) Office of the Chief of Operations.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--There is established in the 
        Transportation Security Administration an Office of the Chief 
        of Operations (in this subsection referred to as the `Office').
            ``(2) Chief of operations.--The head of the Office shall be 
        the Chief of Operations, who shall report to the Administrator 
        of the Transportation Security Administration or the 
        Administrator's designee.
            ``(3) Functions.--The Office shall be responsible for the 
        following:
                    ``(A) Conducting protection, response, detection, 
                assessment, and investigation activities in airports 
                and other transportation facilities and deploying 
                Federal Air Marshals on United States aircraft 
                traveling domestically and internationally.
                    ``(B) Identifying, analyzing, and mitigating risk 
                by assessing vulnerabilities at international locations 
                to determine risk, evaluating risk impacts to determine 
                mitigation activities, and executing mitigation 
                activities to reduce risk to the United States.
                    ``(C) Providing security and intelligence 
                professionals with timely information in order to 
                prevent a terrorist attack against the transportation 
                systems of the United States.
                    ``(D) Developing security policies and plans that 
                reduce the risk of catastrophic terrorist attacks.
                    ``(E) Providing risk-based, adaptive security that 
                includes airport checkpoint and baggage screening 
                operations, regulatory compliance, cargo inspections, 
                and other specialized programs designed to secure 
                transportation.
                    ``(F) Safeguarding the transportation systems of 
                the United States through the qualification and 
                delivery of innovative security capabilities.
    ``(aa) Office of the Chief of Mission Support.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--There is established in the 
        Transportation Security Administration an Office of the Chief 
        of Mission Support (in this subsection referred to as the 
        `Office').
            ``(2) Chief of mission support.--The head of the Office 
        shall be the Chief of Mission Support, who shall report to the 
        Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration or 
        the Administrator's designee.
            ``(3) Functions.--The Office shall be responsible for the 
        following:
                    ``(A) Negotiating and awarding contracts and other 
                procurement vehicles that improve the Transportation 
                Security Administration's capabilities.
                    ``(B) Providing strategic, sustainable, and 
                comprehensive programs and services that attract, 
                build, and inspire a talented workforce.
                    ``(C) Overseeing the development, delivery, and 
                evaluation of training programs for Transportation 
                Security Administration employees.
                    ``(D) Providing information technologies and 
                services that enable global transportation security.
                    ``(E) Ensuring the integrity, efficiency, and 
                effectiveness of the Transportation Security 
                Administration's workforce, operations, and programs 
                through objective audits, covert testing, inspections, 
                and criminal investigations.
                    ``(F) Ensuring consistency in misconduct penalty 
                determinations and an expeditious and fair adjudication 
                process.
                    ``(G) Building the Transportation Security 
                Administration's capabilities by managing the 
                acquisition, testing, deployment, and sustainment of 
                security technology and other acquisition programs.
    ``(bb) Office of the Chief Counsel.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--There is established in the 
        Transportation Security Administration an Office of the Chief 
        Counsel (in this subsection referred to as the `Office').
            ``(2) Chief counsel.--The head of the Office shall be the 
        Chief Counsel for the Transportation Security Administration, 
        who shall report to the General Counsel of the Department of 
        Homeland Security.
            ``(3) Functions.--The Office shall be responsible for 
        providing legal advice and services across the Transportation 
        Security Administration.''.
    (b) Section 115.--Subsection (c) of section 115 of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Transportation for security'' and inserting ``Administrator of 
        the Transportation Security Administration''; and
            (2) in paragraph (6), by striking ``Under Secretary'' and 
        inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration''.
    (c) Section 40119.--Section 40119 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Transportation for Security'' and inserting ``Administrator of 
        the Transportation Security Administration'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(4)--
                    (A) by inserting ``of the Federal Aviation 
                Administration'' after ``Administrator''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``Federal Aviation'' before 
                ``Administration''; and
            (3) in subsection (c), by striking ``Under Secretary'' and 
        inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration''.
    (d) Section 44901.--Section 44901 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Under Secretary of Transportation for 
        Security'' each place it appears and inserting ``Administrator 
        of the Transportation Security Administration'';
            (2) by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration'';
            (3) by striking ``Assistant Secretary (Transportation 
        Security Administration)'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration'';
            (4) by striking ``Assistant Secretary'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation 
        Security Administration''; and
            (5) in subsection (d), by striking ``Senate Committee on 
        Commerce, Science, and Transportation and the House of 
        Representatives Committee on Transportation'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure and the Committee on Homeland 
        Security of the House of Representatives''.
    (e) Section 44902.--Section 44902 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Transportation for Security'' and inserting ``Administrator of 
        the Transportation Security Administration''; and
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``Under Secretary'' and 
        inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration''.
    (f) Section 44903.--Section 44903 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(1), by inserting ``the Secretary of 
        Homeland Security,'' before ``the Secretary of 
        Transportation'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(2)(C), by striking ``Secretary of 
        Transportation'' and inserting ``Secretary of Homeland 
        Security'';
            (3) in subsection (d), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``Secretary of Transportation'' and inserting 
        ``Secretary of Homeland Security'';
            (4) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(A), in the heading, by 
                striking ``Under secretary'' and inserting 
                ``Administrator''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary's'' each place it appears and inserting 
                ``Transportation Security Administration 
                Administrator's'';
            (5) in subsection (h)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``of Homeland 
                Security'' after ``Secretary'';
                    (B) in paragraph (6)(C), in the matter preceding 
                clause (i), by inserting ``of Homeland Security'' after 
                ``Secretary'';
            (6) in subsection (i)(l), by striking ``, after receiving 
        the recommendations of the National Institute of Justice,'';
            (7) in subsection (j)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A), by striking ``Under Secretary for 
                        Transportation Security'' and inserting 
                        ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
                        Administration''; and
                            (ii) in the matter following subparagraph 
                        (E), by striking ``Secretary of 
                        Transportation'' and inserting ``Secretary of 
                        Homeland Security''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Secretary of 
                Transportation'' each place it appears and inserting 
                ``Secretary of Homeland Security'';
            (8) in subsection (l)(1), by striking ``Under Secretary for 
        Border and Transportation Security of the Department of 
        Homeland Security'' and inserting ``Administrator of the 
        Transportation Security Administration'';
            (9) by striking ``Under Secretary of Transportation for 
        Security'' each place it appears and inserting ``Administrator 
        of the Transportation Security Administration'';
            (10) by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration'';
            (11) by striking ``Assistant Secretary of Homeland Security 
        (Transportation Security Administration)'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation 
        Security Administration''; and
            (12) by striking ``Assistant Secretary'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation 
        Security Administration''.
    (g) Section 44904.--Section 44904 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Transportation for Security'' and inserting ``Administrator of 
        the Transportation Security Administration'';
            (2) by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration''; and
            (3) in subsection (d) by striking ``Assistant Secretary of 
        Homeland Security (Transportation Security Administration)'' 
        and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration''.
    (h) Section 44905.--Section 44905 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``Secretary of 
        Transportation'' and inserting ``Secretary of Homeland 
        Security'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Transportation for Security'' and inserting ``Administrator of 
        the Transportation Security Administration''; and
            (3) by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration''.
    (i) Section 44906.--Section 44906 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Under Secretary of Transportation for 
        Security'' and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation 
        Security Administration''; and
            (2) by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Administrator''.
    (j) Section 44908.--Section 44908 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended by striking ``Secretary of Transportation'' each place it 
appears and inserting ``Secretary of Homeland Security''.
    (k) Section 44909.--Section 44909 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration''; and
            (2) by striking ``the Customs Service'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``U.S. Customs and Border Protection''.
    (l) Section 44911.--Section 44911 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraphs (1) through (10), by striking 
                ``the'' each place it appears and inserting ``The''; 
                and
                    (B) by inserting the following at the end the 
                following new paragraphs:
            ``(11) The Coast Guard.
            ``(12) The Department of Homeland Security.
            ``(13) The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency.
            ``(14) The National Reconnaissance Office.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``Secretary of Transportation'' and 
                inserting ``Secretary of Homeland Security''; and
                    (B) by striking ``Under Secretary of Transportation 
                for Security'' and inserting ``Administrator of the 
                Transportation Security Administration'';
            (3) in subsection (d), by striking ``the Secretary'' and 
        inserting ``the Secretary of Homeland Security''; and
            (4) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) by striking ``the Secretary'' and inserting 
                ``the Secretary of Homeland Security''; and
                    (B) by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``Administrator of the 
                Transportation Security Administration''.
    (m) Section 44912.--Section 44912 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Under Secretary 
                of Transportation for Security'' and inserting 
                ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
                Administration''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``Secretary of 
                Transportation'' and inserting ``Secretary of Homeland 
                Security'';
            (2) by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration''.
    (n) Section 44913.--Section 44913 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Under Secretary 
                of Transportation for Security'' and inserting 
                ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
                Administration''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``the Committee 
                on Transportation and Infrastructure'' and inserting 
                ``the Committee on Homeland Security'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``Secretary of 
        Transportation'' and inserting ``Secretary of Homeland 
        Security''; and
            (3) by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration''.
    (o) Section 44914.--Section 44914 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Under Secretary of Transportation for 
        Security'' and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation 
        Security Administration''; and
            (2) by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration''.
    (p) Section 44915.--Section 44915 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Transportation for 
Security'' and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
Administration''.
    (q) Section 44916.--Section 44916 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Transportation for Security'' and inserting ``Administrator of 
        the Transportation Security Administration''; and
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``Under Secretary'' and 
        inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration''.
    (r) Section 44917.--Section 44917 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``Under Secretary of Transportation for 
                Security'' and inserting ``Administrator of the 
                Transportation Security Administration''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``of Homeland 
                Security, utilizing a risk-based security 
                methodology,'' after ``Secretary'';
            (2) by striking subsections (b) and (c);
            (3) redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (b); and
            (4) in subsection (b), as so redesignated--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Assistant 
                Secretary for Immigration and Customs Enforcement'' and 
                inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation 
                Security Administration''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``Assistant 
                Secretary'' each place it appears and inserting 
                ``Administrator''.
    (s) Section 44918.--Section 44918 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)(E), by striking ``the Under 
                Secretary for Border and Transportation Security of the 
                Department of Homeland Security'' and inserting ``the 
                Administrator of the Transportation Security 
                Administration''; and
                    (B) in paragraphs (5), (6), and (7), by striking 
                ``the Administrator'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``the Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
                Administration''; and
            (2) by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration''.
    (t) Section 44919.--Section 44919 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it appears and 
inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
Administration''.
    (u) Section 44920.--Section 44920 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it appears and 
inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
Administration''.
    (v) Section 44921.--Section 44921 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Transportation for Security'' and inserting ``Administrator of 
        the Transportation Security Administration''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(6)--
                    (A) by inserting ``the Committee on Homeland 
                Security and'' before ``the Committee on Transportation 
                and Infrastructure''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``the Committee on Homeland 
                Security and Governmental Affairs'' before ``the 
                Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation'';
            (3) in subsection (d)(4), by striking ``may,'' and 
        inserting ``may'';
            (4) in subsection (i)(2), by striking ``the Under 
        Secretary'' before ``may'';
            (5) by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration''; and
            (6) by striking ``Under Secretary's'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Transportation Security Administration 
        Administrator's''.
    (w) Section 44922.--Section 44922 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Transportation for Security'' and inserting ``Administrator of 
        the Transportation Security Administration''; and
            (2) by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration''.
    (x) Section 44923.--Section 44923 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``the Under Secretary for Border and 
        Transportation Security of the Department of Homeland 
        Security'' and inserting ``the Administrator of the 
        Transportation Security Administration'';
            (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``Secretary of 
        Transportation'' and inserting ``Secretary of Homeland 
        Security''; and
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), in the heading, by striking 
                ``Under secretary'' and inserting ``Administrator''; 
                and
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``, Homeland 
                Security,'' before ``and Transportation and 
                Infrastructure''; and
            (4) by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration''.
    (y) Section 44924.--Section 44924 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``Under Secretary for Border and 
                Transportation for Security of the Department of 
                Homeland Security'' and inserting ``Administrator of 
                the Transportation Security Administration''; and
                    (B) by striking ``Administrator under'' and 
                inserting ``Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
                Administration under'';
            (2) in each of subsections (b) through (f), by inserting 
        ``of the Federal Aviation Administration'' after 
        ``Administrator'' each place it appears;
            (3) in subsection (g), by inserting ``the Committee on 
        Homeland Security and'' before ``the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure''; and
            (4) by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration''.
    (z) Section 44925.--Section 44925 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Assistant 
                Security of Homeland Security (Transportation Security 
                Administration)'' and inserting ``Administrator of the 
                Transportation Security Administration''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``of Homeland 
                Security'' after ``Secretary''; and
            (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``Assistant Secretary'' 
        each place it appears and inserting ``Administrator of the 
        Transportation Security Administration''.
    (aa) Section 44926.--Section 44926 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``United States'' and 
        inserting ``U.S.''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(3)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``an'' and inserting ``a''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``United 
                States'' and inserting ``U.S.''.
    (bb) Section 44927.--Section 44927 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), in the first sentence, by striking 
        ``Veteran'' and inserting ``Veterans''; and
            (2) by striking ``Assistant Secretary'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation 
        Security Administration''.
    (cc) Section 44933.--Section 44933 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``managers'' and inserting 
        ``directors'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the first sentence--
                            (i) by striking ``Under Secretary of 
                        Transportation for Security'' and inserting 
                        ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
                        Administration''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``Manager'' and inserting 
                        ``Director'';
                    (B) in the second sentence--
                            (i) by striking ``Under Secretary'' and 
                        inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation 
                        Security Administration''; and
                            (ii) by striking the term ``Managers'' each 
                        place it appears and inserting ``Directors''; 
                        and
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``Manager'' and inserting ``Director''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary'' and inserting ``the Administrator of the 
                Transportation Security Administration''.
    (dd) Section 44934.--Section 44934 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Transportation for Security'' and inserting ``Administrator of 
        the Transportation Security Administration''; and
            (2) by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration''.
    (ee) Section 44935.--Section 44935 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Under Secretary of Transportation for 
        Security'' each place it appears and inserting ``Administrator 
        of the Transportation Security Administration'';
            (2) by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration'';
            (3) in subsection (e)(2)(A)(ii), by striking ``section 
        1101(a)(22) of the Immigration and Nationality Act'' and 
        inserting ``section 101(a)(22) of the Immigration and 
        Nationality Act''; and
            (4) by redesignating the second subsection (i) (relating to 
        accessibility of computer-based training facilities) as 
        subsection (k).
    (ff) Section 44936.--Section 44936 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by striking ``Under Secretary of 
                        Transportation for Security'' and inserting 
                        ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
                        Administration''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``Under Secretary of 
                        Transportation for Transportation Security,,'' 
                        and inserting ``Administrator of the 
                        Transportation Security Administration,''; and
                    (B) in subparagraphs (B) and (C), by striking 
                ``Under Secretary of Transportation for Transportation 
                Security'' each place it appears and inserting 
                ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
                Administration'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``Under Secretary's'' 
        and inserting ``Transportation Security Administration 
        Administrator's''; and
            (3) by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration''.
    (gg) Section 44937.--Section 44937 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Transportation for 
Security'' and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
Administration''.
    (hh) Section 44938.--Section 44938 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``Secretary of Transportation'' and 
                inserting ``Secretary of Homeland Security'';
                    (B) by striking ``the Secretary considers'' and 
                inserting ``the Secretary of Homeland Security 
                considers'';
                    (C) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting 
                ``The Secretary of Homeland Security''; and
                    (D) by striking ``Under Secretary of Transportation 
                Security'' and inserting ``Administrator of the 
                Transportation Security Administration''; and
            (2) by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration''.
    (ii) Section 44940.--Section 44940 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``Under Secretary of Transportation for 
                Security'' and inserting ``Administrator of the 
                Transportation Security Administration''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (F) by striking `` Managers'' 
                and inserting ``Directors'';
            (2) in subsection (e)(1), in the heading, by striking 
        ``Under secretary'' and inserting ``Administrator''; and
            (3) by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration''.
    (jj) Section 44941.--Section 44941 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended by inserting ``the Department of Homeland Security,'' before 
``the Department of Transportation''.
    (kk) Section 44942.--Section 44942 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by redesignating paragraph (1) as 
                        subsection (c) and moving such subsection, as 
                        so redesignated, two ems to the left; and
                            (ii) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and 
                        (B) as subsections (d) and (e), respectively, 
                        and moving such subsections, as so 
                        redesignated, four ems to the left;
            (2) by striking subsections (a) and (b);
            (3) by striking subsection (c), as so redesignated;
            (4) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e), as so 
        redesignated, as subsections (a) and (b), respectively;
            (5) by striking the term ``the Secretary'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``the Secretary of Homeland Security'';
            (6) by striking ``Under Secretary for Transportation 
        Security'' each place it appears and inserting ``Administrator 
        of the Transportation Security Administration''; and
            (7) by striking ``Congress'' and inserting ``the Committee 
        on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
        Senate''.
    (ll) Section 44943.--Section 44943 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``The Under Secretary 
        for Transportation Security'' and inserting ``The Administrator 
        of the Transportation Security Administration'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``the Secretary'' and 
                        inserting ``the Secretary of Homeland 
                        Security''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``Under Secretary of 
                        Transportation for Security'' and inserting 
                        ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
                        Administration''; and
                    (B) by striking ``the Under Secretary'' each place 
                it appears and inserting ``the Administrator of the 
                Transportation Security Administration''; and
            (3) in subsection (c), by striking ``the Under Secretary 
        for Transportation Security'' and inserting ``the Administrator 
        of the Transportation Security Administration''.
    (mm) Section 44944.--Section 44944 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Transportation for Transportation Security'' and inserting 
        ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration''; and
            (2) by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration''.
    (nn) Section 44945.--Section 44945 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended by striking ``Assistant Secretary'' each place it appears 
and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
Administration''.
    (oo) Section 44946.--Section 44946 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(2)(A), by striking ``, but a member 
        may continue to serve until a successor is appointed'' and 
        inserting ``but may continue until such time as a successor 
        member begins serving on the Advisory Committee'';
            (2) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (2); and
                    (B) redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2); 
                and
            (3) by striking ``Assistant Secretary'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation 
        Security Administration''.
    (pp) Section 45107.--Section 45107 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Transportation for Security'' and inserting ``Administrator of 
        the Transportation Security Administration''; and
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking the second sentence.
    (qq) Clerical Amendments.--The analysis for chapter 449 of title 
49, United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 44933 and inserting the following new item:

``44933. Federal Security Directors.''.

SEC. 1503. AMENDMENTS TO THE AVIATION AND TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ACT.

    (a) Section 101.--Section 101 of the Aviation and Transportation 
Security Act (Public Law 107-71) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c) (5 U.S.C. 5313 note)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (1);
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as 
                paragraph (1) and (2), respectively; and
                    (C) in paragraph (1), as so redesignated--
                            (i) by striking ``Under Secretary'' and 
                        inserting ``Administrator of the Transportation 
                        Security Administration'';
                            (ii) by striking ``30 percent'' and 
                        inserting ``15 percent'';
                            (iii) by striking ``the Secretary's'' and 
                        inserting ``the Secretary of Homeland 
                        Security's''; and
                            (iv) by striking ``Under Secretary's'' and 
                        inserting ``Transportation Security 
                        Administration Administrator's''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (g) (49 U.S.C. 44901 note).
    (b) Section 106.--Section 106 of the Aviation and Transportation 
Security Act (49 U.S.C. 44903 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding 
                subparagraph (A), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
                Transportation for Security'' and inserting 
                ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
                Administration'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary'' each place it appears and inserting 
                ``Administrator''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2)(B), in the matter preceding 
                clause (i), by striking ``Secretary'' and inserting 
                ``Secretary of Homeland Security''; and
            (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Transportation for Security'' and inserting ``Administrator of 
        the Transportation Security Administration''.
    (c) Section 109.--Section 109 of the Aviation and Transportation 
Security Act (49 U.S.C. 114 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``(a) In General.--The Under 
                Secretary of Transportation for Security'' and 
                inserting ``The Administrator of the Transportation 
                Security Administration'';
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by--
                            (i) striking ``medical product'' and 
                        inserting ``liquid or gel medical product or 
                        nourishment and nutrition for infants and 
                        toddlers, including formula, breast milk, and 
                        juice,''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``the product'' and 
                        inserting ``such product or nourishment or 
                        nutrition''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (7), by striking ``voice stress 
                analysis, biometric,'' and inserting ``biometric''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (b).
    (d) Section 110.--Section 110 of the Aviation and Transportation 
Security Act is amended by striking subsections (c) and (d).
    (e) Section 111.--Section 111 of the Aviation and Transportation 
Security Act (49 U.S.C. 44935 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking ``Under Secretary of Transportation 
                for Security'' and inserting ``Administrator of the 
                Transportation Security Administration''; and
                    (B) by striking ``Under Secretary'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``Administrator of the 
                Transportation Security Administration'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``Under Secretary of 
                        Transportation for Security'' and inserting 
                        ``Administrator of the Transportation Security 
                        Administration''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``Under Secretary'' each 
                        place it appears and inserting 
                        ``Administrator''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary'' and inserting ``Administrator of the 
                Transportation Security Administration''.
    (f) Section 117.--Section 117 of the Aviation and Transportation 
Security Act (49 U.S.C. 44903 note) is amended by inserting ``the 
Secretary of Homeland Security in consultation with'' before ``the 
Secretary of Transportation''.
    (g) Section 132.--Section 132 of the Aviation and Transportation 
Security Act is repealed.
    (h) Section 135.--Section 135 of the Aviation and Transportation 
Security Act is repealed.
    (i) Section 137.--Section 137 of the Aviation and Transportation 
Security Act (49 U.S.C. 44912 note) is repealed.
    (j) Redesignations.--Sections 133, 134, 136, 138, 139, 140, 141, 
142, 143, 144, 145, 146, and 147 of the Aviation and Transportation 
Security Act are amended by redesignating such sections as sections 
132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, and 144, 
respectively.

SEC. 1504. INFORMATION REQUIRED TO BE SUBMITTED TO CONGRESS UNDER THE 
              STRATEGIC 5-YEAR TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT PLAN OF THE 
              TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION.

    (a) Additional Information Required.--Section 1611 of the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 563) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``biennially'' and inserting ``annually'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'';
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by striking the period and 
                inserting ``; and'';
                    (D) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(3) information about acquisitions completed during the 
        fiscal year preceding the fiscal year during which the report 
        is submitted.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(h) Notice of Covered Changes to Plan.--
            ``(1) Notice required.--The Administrator shall submit to 
        the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
        Senate and the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
        Representatives notice of any covered change to the Plan by not 
        later than 90 days after the date on which the change is made.
            ``(2) Definition of change.--In this subsection, the term 
        `covered change' means an increase or decrease in the dollar 
        amount allocated to the procurement of a technology or an 
        increase or decrease in the number of a technology.''.
    (b) Report on Equipment in Operation Post-life-cycle.--Not later 
than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration shall 
submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
Senate and the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
Representatives a report describing any equipment of the Transportation 
Security Administration that is in operation after--
            (1) the end of the life-cycle of the equipment specified by 
        the manufacturer of the equipment; or
            (2) the end of the useful life projection for the equipment 
        under the strategic 5-year technology investment plan of the 
        Transportation Security Administration, as required by section 
        1611 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 563).
    (c) Notice to Airports and Airlines.--Upon the enactment of this 
Act, the Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration 
shall notify airports and airlines of any changes to the 5-year 
technology investment plan of the Transportation Security 
Administration.

SEC. 1505. MAINTENANCE OF SECURITY-RELATED TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) In General.--Title XVI of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 561 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subtitle:

        ``Subtitle C--Maintenance of Security-Related Technology

``SEC. 1621. MAINTENANCE VALIDATION AND OVERSIGHT.

    ``(a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this subtitle, the Administrator shall develop and 
implement a preventive maintenance validation process for security-
related technology deployed to airports.
    ``(b) Maintenance by Administration Personnel at Airports.--For 
maintenance to be carried out by Administration personnel at airports, 
the process referred to in subsection (a) shall include the following:
            ``(1) Guidance to Administration personnel at airports 
        specifying how to conduct and document preventive maintenance 
        actions.
            ``(2) Mechanisms for the Administrator to verify compliance 
        with the guidance issued pursuant to paragraph (1).
    ``(c) Maintenance by Contractors at Airports.--For maintenance to 
be carried by a contractor at airports, the process referred to in 
subsection (a) shall require the following:
            ``(1) Provision of monthly preventative maintenance 
        schedules to appropriate Administration personnel at each 
        airport that includes information on each action to be 
        completed by contractor.
            ``(2) Notification to appropriate Administration personnel 
        at each airport when maintenance action is completed by a 
        contractor.
            ``(3) A process for independent validation by a third party 
        of contractor maintenance.
    ``(d) Penalties for Noncompliance.--The Administrator shall require 
maintenance contracts for security-related technology deployed to 
airports to include penalties for noncompliance when it is determined 
that either preventive or corrective maintenance has not been completed 
according to contractual requirements and manufacturers' 
specifications.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents of the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002 is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 1616 the following:

        ``Subtitle C--Maintenance of Security-Related Technology

``Sec. 1621. Maintenance validation and oversight.''.

SEC. 1506. TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION EFFICIENCY.

    (a) Efficiency Review.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Transportation 
Security Administration shall conduct and complete a comprehensive, 
agency-wide efficiency review of the Administration to identify and 
effectuate spending reductions and administrative savings through the 
streamlining or restructuring of Administration divisions to make the 
Administration more efficient. In carrying out the review under this 
section, the Administrator shall consider each of the following:
            (1) The elimination of any unnecessarily duplicative or 
        overlapping programs and initiatives that can be streamlined.
            (2) The elimination of any unnecessary or obsolete rules, 
        regulations, directives, or procedures.
            (3) The reduction in overall operating expenses of the 
        Administration, including costs associated with the number of 
        personnel, as a direct result of efficiencies gained through 
        the implementation of risk-based screening or through any other 
        means as determined by the Administrator.
            (4) Any other matters the Administrator determines are 
        appropriate.
    (b) Report to Congress.--Not later than 30 days after the 
completion of the efficiency review required under subsection (a), the 
Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration shall 
report to the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate on the results and cost savings expected 
to be achieved through such efficiency review.

SEC. 1507. TRANSPORTATION SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE ACCOUNTABILITY.

    (a) Reduction Plan.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security, acting 
through the Administrator of the Transportation Security 
Administration, shall develop a strategic plan, including a timeline, 
to reduce by 20 percent by June 30, 2019, the number of positions at 
the Senior Executive Service level at the Administration.
    (b) Congressional Review.--Not later than 30 days after the 
completion of the Senior Executive Service reduction plan required 
under subsection (a), the Administrator of the Transportation Security 
Administration shall submit to the Committee on Homeland Security of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, 
and Transportation of the Senate a copy of such plan.

              Subtitle B--Passenger Security and Screening

SEC. 1511. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TRUSTED TRAVELER PROGRAM 
              COLLABORATION.

    The Secretary of Homeland Security shall continue the review of all 
trusted traveler vetting programs carried out by the Department of 
Homeland Security using representatives from such programs to make 
recommendations on possible efficiencies that could be gained by 
integrating requirements and operations and increasing information and 
data sharing across programs.

SEC. 1512. PRECHECK BIOMETRIC PILOT PROJECT.

    Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration 
(TSA) shall conduct a pilot project to test a secure, automated, and 
biometric-based system at airports to verify the identity of 
individuals who are members of TSA PreCheck or another Department of 
Homeland Security trusted traveler program that affords TSA expedited 
screening. Such system shall be designed to--
            (1) improve security while also reducing the need for 
        security screening personnel to perform identity and travel 
        document verification for such individuals;
            (2) reduce the average wait time of such individuals;
            (3) reduce overall operating expenses of the 
        Administration;
            (4) be integrated with the Department's watch list and 
        trusted traveler matching programs; and
            (5) be integrated with other technologies to further 
        facilitate risk-based passenger screening at checkpoints, to 
        the extent practicable and consistent with security standards.

SEC. 1513. IDENTITY AND TRAVEL DOCUMENT VERIFICATION.

    Section 44901 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(m) Establishment of Screening System for Certain Persons.--Not 
later than December 31, 2018, the Administrator of the Transportation 
Security Administration shall, subject to the availability of 
appropriations, implement an identity and travel document verification 
system designed to establish a secure, automated system at all airports 
for verifying identity and travel documents of persons seeking entry 
into the sterile area of an airport. Such system shall--
            ``(1) assess the need for security screening personnel to 
        perform identity and travel document verification for such 
        passengers, thereby assessing the overall number of such 
        screening personnel;
            ``(2) reduce the average wait time of such passengers;
            ``(3) reduce overall operating expenses of the 
        Administration;
            ``(4) be integrated with the Administration's watch list 
        matching program; and
            ``(5) be integrated with other technologies to further 
        facilitate risk-based passenger screening at checkpoints, to 
        the extent practicable and consistent with security 
        standards.''.

SEC. 1514. COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY PILOT PROJECT.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration shall 
conduct a pilot project to test the use of screening equipment using 
computed tomography technology to screen baggage at passenger 
checkpoints.

SEC. 1515. EXPLOSIVES DETECTION CANINE TEAMS FOR AVIATION.

    (a) Passenger Screening Teams.--The Administrator of the 
Transportation Security Administration shall ensure that by December 
31, 2018, at least 300 explosives detection canine teams are dedicated 
to passenger screening purposes at airports in the United States at 
which the Administration performs, or oversees the implementation and 
performance of, security measures, including screening 
responsibilities.
    (b) Use of Canines to Detect Screening Anomalies.--At airports in 
the United States at which--
            (1) canine teams trained to screen passengers are 
        available, and
            (2) the Transportation Security Administration has 
        passenger screening responsibilities,
the Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration may use 
such teams to detect screening anomalies.

SEC. 1516. STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES AT AIRPORT CHECKPOINTS.

    (a) Standardization.--The Administrator of the Transportation 
Security Administration shall require, to the extent practicable, that 
standard operating procedures at airport checkpoints for passengers and 
carry-on baggage are carried out in a uniform manner among similarly 
situated airports.
    (b) Report to Congress.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Transportation 
Security Administration shall submit to the Committee on Homeland 
Security of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, 
Science, and Transportation of the Senate a report on how standard 
operating procedures were made uniform in accordance with subsection 
(a).
    (c) Audits.--Beginning one year after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Inspector General of the Department of Homeland Security 
shall conduct periodic audits of adherence to the standard operating 
procedures, as established by the Administrator of the Transportation 
Security Administration, under this section of screening personnel at 
large, medium, and small airports in diverse geographical areas.

SEC. 1517. TRAVELER REDRESS IMPROVEMENT.

    (a) Redress Process.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the 
        Transportation Security Administration shall, using existing 
        resources, systems, and processes, ensure the availability of 
        the Department of Homeland Security Traveler Redress Inquiry 
        Program (DHS TRIP) redress process to adjudicate inquiries for 
        individuals who--
                    (A) are citizens of the United States or aliens 
                lawfully admitted for permanent residence;
                    (B) have filed an inquiry with DHS TRIP after 
                receiving enhanced screening at an airport passenger 
                security checkpoint more than three times in any 60-day 
                period; and
                    (C) believe they have been wrongly identified as 
                being a threat to aviation security.
            (2) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Transportation 
        Security Administration shall submit to the Committee on 
        Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
        Senate a report on the implementation of the redress process 
        required under paragraph (1).
    (b) Privacy Impact Review and Update.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the 
        Transportation Security Administration shall review and update 
        the Privacy Impact Assessment for the Secure Flight programs to 
        ensure such Assessment accurately reflects the operation of 
        such programs.
            (2) Public dissemination; form.--The Secure Flight Privacy 
        Impact Assessment review and update required under paragraph 
        (1) shall be published on a publically-accessible internet 
        webpage of the Transportation Security Administration and 
        submitted to the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation of the Senate.
    (c) Transportation Security Administration Rule Review and 
Notification Process.--
            (1) Rule review.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act and every 120 days thereafter, the 
        Assistant Administrator of the Office of Intelligence and 
        Analysis of the Transportation Security Administration, in 
        coordination with the entities specified in paragraph (2), 
        shall conduct a comprehensive review of the Transportation 
        Security Administration's intelligence-based screening rules.
            (2) Notification process.--Not later than 48 hours after 
        changing, updating, implementing, or suspending a 
        Transportation Security Administration intelligence-based 
        screening rule, the Assistant Administrator of the Office of 
        Intelligence and Analysis of the Transportation Security 
        Administration shall notify the following entities of any such 
        change, update, implementation, or suspension, as the case may 
        be:
                    (A) The Office of Civil Rights and Liberties, 
                Ombudsman, and Traveler Engagement of the 
                Transportation Security Administration.
                    (B) The Office of Civil Rights and Liberties of the 
                Department of Homeland Security.
                    (C) The Office of Chief Counsel of the 
                Administration.
                    (D) The Office of General Counsel of the 
                Department.
                    (E) The Privacy Office of the Administration.
                    (F) The Privacy Office of the Department.
                    (G) The Federal Air Marshal Service.
                    (H) The Traveler Redress Inquiry Program of the 
                Department.
    (d) Federal Air Marshal Service Coordination.--
            (1) In general.--The Administrator of the Transportation 
        Security Administration shall ensure that the Transportation 
        Security Administration's intelligence-based screening rules 
        are taken into account for Federal Air Marshal mission 
        scheduling.
            (2) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Transportation 
        Security Administration shall submit to the Committee on 
        Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
        Senate a report on how the Transportation Security 
        Administration's intelligence-based screening rules are 
        incorporated in the risk analysis conducted during the Federal 
        Air Marshal mission scheduling process.
    (e) GAO Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate a study on the Transportation Security 
Administration's intelligence-based screening rules and the 
effectiveness of such rules in identifying and mitigating potential 
threats to aviation security. Such study shall also examine 
coordination between the Transportation Security Administration, the 
Department of Homeland Security, and other relevant partners relating 
to changing, updating, implementing, or suspending such rules as 
necessary.

SEC. 1518. SCREENING IN AREAS OTHER THAN PASSENGER TERMINALS.

    The Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration is 
authorized to provide screening services to a commercial charter air 
carrier in areas other than primary passenger terminals upon the 
request of such carrier. A commercial charter air carrier shall direct 
any such request to the Federal Security Director for the airport where 
such services are requested. A Federal Security Director may elect to 
provide screening services if such services are available. The 
Administrator shall enter into an agreement with a commercial charter 
air carrier for compensation from such carrier requesting the use of 
screening services for all reasonable costs in addition to overtime 
costs that are incurred in the provision of screening services under 
this section.

SEC. 1519. FEDERAL AIR MARSHAL SERVICE AGREEMENTS.

    (a) Standardization.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of the Act, the Administrator of the Transportation Security 
Administration shall develop a standard working document that shall be 
the basis of all negotiations and agreements that begin after the date 
of the enactment of this Act between the United States and foreign 
governments or partners regarding Federal Air Marshal coverage of 
flights to and from the United States.
    (b) Written Agreements.--All agreements between the United States 
and foreign governments or partners regarding the presence of Federal 
Air Marshals on flights to and from the United States must be written 
and signed by the Secretary of Homeland Security or the Secretary's 
designee.
    (c) Congressional Notification.--The Secretary of Homeland Security 
shall transmit to the relevant Congressional committees any agreements 
described in subsection (b) within 30 days of such agreement being 
signed.

SEC. 1520. FEDERAL AIR MARSHAL MISSION SCHEDULING AUTOMATION.

    The Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration 
shall seek to acquire an automated software capability for the 
scheduling of Federal Air Marshal Service missions based on current 
risk modeling.

SEC. 1521. CANINE DETECTION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Homeland Security shall conduct 
an audit of all canine training programs of the Department of Homeland 
Security and convene a working group of representatives from all such 
programs to make recommendations on possible efficiencies that could be 
gained by integrating training standards and facilities.
    (b) Canine Staffing Allocation Model.--The Administrator of the 
Transportation Security Administration shall develop a staffing 
allocation model for canines to determine the optimal number of 
passenger screening canines at airports in the United States.
    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall 
submit to the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate a report on the recommendations required 
by subsection (a).
    (d) Briefing to Congress.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the 
        Transportation Security Administration shall brief the 
        Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives 
        and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs 
        and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of 
        the Senate on the state of explosives detection canine 
        production and training in the United States.
            (2) Contents.--The briefing required under paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) An analysis of the steps the Transportation 
                Security Administration may take to foster additional 
                production of explosives detection canines in the 
                United States by the private sector.
                    (B) Perspectives from current explosives detection 
                canine industry stakeholders regarding the impact of 
                the Administration's procurement model on business 
                considerations.
                    (C) An analysis regarding whether the 
                Administration effectively communicates canine training 
                guidelines and testing methodology to the private 
                sector.
                    (D) The extent to which physical capacity 
                limitations at current Administration-operated sites 
                hinder the operations of either the Administration or 
                industry.

SEC. 1522. INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the United States Ambassador or the Charge 
d'Affaires to the United States Mission to the International Civil 
Aviation Organization shall pursue improvements to airport security, 
including if practicable, introducing a resolution to raise minimum 
standards for airport security.
    (b) Report to Congress.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the United States Ambassador or the Charge 
d'Affaires to the United States Mission to the International Civil 
Aviation Organization shall report to the Committee on Homeland 
Security and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
Affairs, the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate on the 
implementation of subsection (a).

SEC. 1523. PASSENGER SECURITY FEE.

    The Secretary of Homeland Security is prohibited from incorporating 
an increase in the passenger security fee under section 44940 of title 
49, United States Code, beyond what is authorized at the time the 
annual budget proposal for the Department of Homeland Security is 
transmitted to Congress.

SEC. 1524. LAST POINT OF DEPARTURE AIRPORT CERTIFICATION.

    Subparagraph (B) of section 44907(a)(2) of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting ``, including the screening and vetting 
of airport workers'' before the semicolon at the end.

SEC. 1525. SECURITY INCIDENT RESPONSE AT AIRPORTS AND SURFACE 
              TRANSPORTATION HUBS.

    The Gerardo Hernandez Airport Security Act of 2015 (Public Law 114-
50; 49 U.S.C. 44903 note) is amended--
            (1) in section 3--
                    (A) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding 
                paragraph (1), by striking ``may'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``shall'';
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection 
                (d); and
                    (C) by inserting after subsection (b) the following 
                new subsection:
    ``(c) Review.--The Administrator of the Transportation Security 
Administration shall review the active shooter response guidelines 
specified for Department of Homeland Security personnel under this 
section and make a recommendation to the Secretary of Homeland Security 
to modify such guidelines for personnel who are certified Federal law 
enforcement officials and for personnel who are uniformed but unarmed 
security officials.''; and
            (2) in section 7--
                    (A) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding 
                paragraph (1), by striking ``may'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``shall'';
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as 
                subsections (d) and (e), respectively; and
                    (C) by inserting after subsection (b) the following 
                new subsection:
    ``(c) Review.--The Administrator of the Transportation Security 
Administration shall review the active shooter response guidelines 
specified for Department of Homeland Security personnel under this 
section and make a recommendation to the Secretary of Homeland Security 
to modify such guidelines for personnel who are certified Federal law 
enforcement officials and for personnel who are uniformed but unarmed 
security officials.''.

SEC. 1526. AIRPORT SECURITY SCREENING OPT-OUT PROGRAM.

    Section 44920 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``120'' and 
                inserting ``90'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph 
                (4);
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
                new paragraph:
                    ``(3) Entrance into contract.--The Administrator of 
                the Transportation Security Administration shall make 
                best efforts to enter into a contract with a private 
                screening company to provide screening services at an 
                airport not later than 180 days after the date of 
                approval of an application submitted by the operator of 
                such airport under subsection (a).''; and
                    (D) in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (4), as so 
                redesignated, in the matter preceding clause (i), by 
                striking ``not later than 60 days following the date of 
                the denial'' and inserting ``immediately upon issuing 
                the denial''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (h) and inserting the following 
        new subsections:
    ``(h) Evaluation of Screening Company Proposals for Award.--
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, including title 48 of the 
Code of Federal Regulations and the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 
U.S.C. App.), an airport operator that has applied and been approved to 
have security screening services carried out by a qualified private 
screening company under contract with the Administrator of the 
Transportation Security Administration may nominate to the head of the 
contracting activity an individual to participate in the evaluation of 
proposals for the award of such contract. Any such participation on a 
proposal evaluation committee shall be conducted in accordance with the 
provisions and restrictions of chapter 21 of title 41, United States 
Code.
    ``(i) Innovative Screening Approaches and Technologies.--The 
operator of an airport at which screening services are provided under 
this section is encouraged to recommend to the Administrator of the 
Transportation Security Administration innovative screening approaches 
and technologies. Upon receipt of any such recommendations, the 
Administrator, shall review and, if appropriate, test, conduct a pilot 
project, and, if appropriate, deploy such approaches and 
technologies.''.

SEC. 1527. PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM REVIEW.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding subsection (d) of section 111 of 
the Aviation and Transportation Security Act (49 U.S.C. 44935 note), 
not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration shall 
convene a working group consisting of representatives of the 
Administration and representatives of the labor organization 
representing security screening personnel to discuss reforms to the 
Administration's personnel management system, including appeals to the 
Merit Systems Protection Board and grievance procedures.
    (b) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the working group convened under subsection (a) 
shall terminate and shall submit to the Administrator of the 
Transportation Security Administration and the Committee on Homeland 
Security of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, 
Science, and Transportation of the Senate a report containing agreed-
upon reforms to the Administration's personnel management system. The 
Administrator may implement associated recommendations mutually agreed 
to by the parties to such working group before the end of such one year 
period.

SEC. 1528. INNOVATION TASK FORCE.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator of the Transportation Security 
Administration may establish a task force to collaborate with air 
carriers, airport operators, and other aviation security stakeholders 
to foster the pursuit of innovations in aviation security prior to the 
acquisition process.
    (b) Activities.--The task force authorized under subsection (a) may 
conduct activities designed to identify and develop an innovative 
technology or capability with the potential of enhancing aviation 
security, including--
            (1) conducting a field demonstration of such a technology 
        or capability in the airport environment;
            (2) gathering performance data from such a demonstration to 
        inform the acquisition process; and
            (3) providing funding and promoting efforts to enable 
        participation in a demonstration by a small business that has 
        an innovative technology but does not have adequate resources 
        to participate.
    (c) Composition.--The task force authorized under subsection (a) 
shall be--
            (1) chaired by the Administrator of the Transportation 
        Security Administration's designee; and
            (2) comprised of representatives appointed by the 
        Administrator, in consultation with the Chairperson of the 
        Aviation Security Advisory Committee (established pursuant to 
        section 44936 of title 49, United States Code), from 
        appropriate stakeholders from--
                    (A) within the Administration;
                    (B) air carriers;
                    (C) airport operators;
                    (D) other aviation security stakeholders; and
                    (E) as appropriate, the Science and Technology 
                Directorate of the Department of Homeland Security and 
                any other appropriate component of the Department.
    (d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall require 
the Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration to 
acquire an innovative technology or emerging security capability.
    (e) Non-applicability of FACA.--The Federal Advisory Committee Act 
(5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the task force authorized under 
subsection (a).

SEC. 1529. AIRPORT LAW ENFORCEMENT REIMBURSEMENT.

    Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration 
shall submit to the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate a report on the Transportation Security 
Administration's law enforcement officer reimbursement program, which 
shall include information relating to the following:
            (1) The current structure of the program, including how 
        funding disbursement decisions are made.
            (2) An assessment of threats requiring law enforcement 
        officer response at airports.
            (3) The scope of current law enforcement activities covered 
        under the program, and an assessment of whether such covered 
        activities should be expanded to reflect emerging threats.
            (4) The annual costs to airport authorities for providing 
        law enforcement for such covered activities at security 
        checkpoints.
            (5) Proposed methodology for funding allocations.

 Subtitle C--Transportation Security Screening Personnel Training and 
                             Accountability

SEC. 1531. TRANSPORTATION SECURITY TRAINING PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--Section 44935 of title 49, United States Code, as 
amended by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(l) Initial and Recurring Training.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Administrator of the Transportation 
        Security Administration shall establish a training program for 
        new security screening personnel located at the Federal Law 
        Enforcement Training Center in Glynco, Georgia.
            ``(2) Recurring training.--Not later than 180 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this subsection, the Administrator 
        of the Transportation Security Administration shall establish 
        recurring training of security screening personnel regarding 
        updates to screening procedures and technologies, including 
        methods to identify the verification of false or fraudulent 
        travel documents, as well as training on emerging threats, in 
        response to weaknesses identified in covert tests at airports. 
        The training shall include--
                    ``(A) internal controls for monitoring and 
                documenting compliance of transportation security 
                officers with such training requirements; and
                    ``(B) such other matters as identified by the 
                Administrator with regard to such training.''.
    (b) GAO Study.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall report to Congress on the effectiveness of the new security 
screening personnel training at Glynco, Georgia, required under 
subsection (l) of section 44935 of title 49, United States Code, as 
amended by this section.

SEC. 1532. ALTERNATE NEW SECURITY SCREENING PERSONNEL TRAINING PROGRAM 
              COST AND FEASIBILITY STUDY.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration 
shall conduct a cost and feasibility study of developing a training 
program for security screening personnel that will provide such 
personnel with an equal level of training as is provided in the 
training program for new security screening personnel located at the 
Federal Law Enforcement Training Center in Glynco, Georgia, that could 
be conducted at or within 50 miles of such security screening 
personnel's duty station. Such study should examine the use of online 
seminar and training platforms for portions of the training curriculum 
that are conducive to such an outcome.

SEC. 1533. PROHIBITION OF ADVANCE NOTICE OF COVERT TESTING TO SECURITY 
              SCREENERS.

    Section 44935 of title 49, United States Code, as amended by this 
Act, is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(m) Prohibition of Advance Notice to Security Screeners of Covert 
Testing and Evaluation.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Administrator of the Transportation 
        Security Administration shall ensure, to the greatest extent 
        practicable, that information concerning a covert test of a 
        transportation security system to be conducted by a covert 
        testing office, the Inspector General of the Department of 
        Homeland Security, or the Government Accountability Office is 
        not provided to any individual involved in such test prior to 
        the completion of such test.
            ``(2) Exceptions.--Notwithstanding paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) an authorized individual involved in a covert 
                test of a transportation security system may provide 
                information concerning such covert test to--
                            ``(i) employees, officers, and contractors 
                        of the Federal Government (including military 
                        personnel);
                            ``(ii) employees and officers of State and 
                        local governments; and
                            ``(iii) law enforcement officials who are 
                        authorized to receive or directed to be 
                        provided such information by the Administrator 
                        of the Transportation Security Administration, 
                        the Inspector General of the Department of 
                        Homeland Security, or the Comptroller General 
                        of the United States, as the case may be; and
                    ``(B) for the purpose of ensuring the security of 
                any individual in the vicinity of a site at which a 
                covert test of a transportation security system is 
                being conducted, an individual conducting such test may 
                disclose his or her status as an individual conducting 
                such test to any appropriate individual if a security 
                screener or other individual who is not a covered 
                employee identifies the individual conducting such test 
                as a potential threat.
            ``(3) Special rules for tsa.--
                    ``(A) Monitoring and security of testing 
                personnel.--The head of each covert testing office 
                shall ensure that a person or group of persons 
                conducting a covert test of a transportation security 
                system for a covert testing office is accompanied at 
                the site of such test by a cover team composed of one 
                or more employees of such covert testing office for the 
                purpose of monitoring such test and confirming the 
                identity of personnel involved in such test under 
                subparagraph (B).
                    ``(B) Responsibility of cover team.--Under this 
                paragraph, a cover team for a covert test of a 
                transportation security system shall--
                            ``(i) monitor such test; and
                            ``(ii) for the purpose of ensuring the 
                        security of any individual in the vicinity of a 
                        site at which such test is being conducted, 
                        confirm, notwithstanding paragraph (1), the 
                        identity of any individual conducting such test 
                        to any appropriate individual if a security 
                        screener or other individual who is not a 
                        covered employee identifies the individual 
                        conducting such test as a potential threat.
                    ``(C) Aviation screening.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraph (A), the Transportation Security 
                Administration is not required to have a cover team 
                present during a test of the screening of persons, 
                carry-on items, or checked baggage at an aviation 
                security checkpoint at or serving an airport if such 
                test--
                            ``(i) is approved, in coordination with the 
                        designated security official for the airport 
                        operator by the Federal Security Director for 
                        such airport; and
                            ``(ii) is carried out under an aviation 
                        screening assessment program of the Department 
                        of Homeland Security.
                    ``(D) Use of other personnel.--The Transportation 
                Security Administration may use employees, officers, 
                and contractors of the Federal Government (including 
                military personnel) and employees and officers of State 
                and local governments or any personnel authorized by 
                the Federal Security Director to conduct covert tests.
            ``(4) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
        definitions apply:
                    ``(A) Appropriate individual.--The term 
                `appropriate individual', as used with respect to--
                            ``(i) a covert test under paragraph (2)(B) 
                        of a transportation security system, means any 
                        individual who the individual conducting such 
                        test determines needs to know his or her status 
                        as an individual conducting such test; or
                            ``(ii) a covert test under paragraph 
                        (3)(B)(i), means any individual who the cover 
                        team monitoring such test determines needs to 
                        know the identity of such cover team.
                    ``(B) Covered employee.--The term `covered 
                employee' means any individual who receives notice of a 
                covert test before the completion of a test under 
                paragraph (2)(B).
                    ``(C) Covert test.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The term `covert test' 
                        means an exercise or activity conducted by a 
                        covert testing office, the Inspector General of 
                        the Department of Homeland Security, or the 
                        Government Accountability Office to 
                        intentionally test, compromise, or circumvent 
                        transportation security systems to identify 
                        vulnerabilities in such systems.
                            ``(ii) Limitation.--Notwithstanding clause 
                        (i), the term `covert test' does not mean an 
                        exercise or activity by an employee or 
                        contractor of the Transportation Security 
                        Administration to test or assess compliance 
                        with relevant regulations.
                    ``(D) Covert testing office.--The term `covert 
                testing office' means any office of the Transportation 
                Security Administration designated by the Administrator 
                of the Transportation Security Administration to 
                conduct covert tests of transportation security 
                systems.
                    ``(E) Employee of a covert testing office.--The 
                term `employee of a covert testing office' means an 
                individual who is an employee of a covert testing 
                office or a contractor or an employee of a contractor 
                of a covert testing office.''.

       Subtitle D--Airport Access Controls and Perimeter Security

SEC. 1541. REFORMATION OF CERTAIN PROGRAMS OF THE TRANSPORTATION 
              SECURITY ADMINISTRATION.

    (a) Definitions.--In this subtitle:
            (1) Air carrier.--The term ``air carrier'' has the meaning 
        given such term in section 40102 of title 49, United States 
        Code.
            (2) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the Committee on 
        Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs and the 
        Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
        Senate.
            (3) Foreign air carrier.--The term ``foreign air carrier'' 
        has the meaning given such term in section 40102 of title 49, 
        United States Code.
            (4) Intelligence community.--The term ``intelligence 
        community'' has the meaning given such term in section 3(4) of 
        the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003(4)).
            (5) Secured area.--The term ``secured area'' has the 
        meaning given such term in section 1540.5 of title 49, Code of 
        Federal Regulations.
            (6) Security identification display area.--The term 
        ``Security Identification Display Area'' has the meaning given 
        such term in section 1540.5 of title 49, Code of Federal 
        Regulations.
            (7) Sterile area.--The term ``sterile area'' has the 
        meaning given such term in section 1540.5 of title 49, Code of 
        Federal Regulations.
    (b) Cost and Feasibility Study.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the 
        Transportation Security Administration, in consultation with 
        the Aviation Security Advisory Committee (established under 
        section 44946 of title 49, United States Code), shall submit to 
        the appropriate congressional committees and the Comptroller 
        General of the United States a cost and feasibility study of a 
        statistically significant number of Category I, II, III, IV, 
        and X airports assessing the impact if all employee access 
        points from non-secured areas to secured areas of such airports 
        are comprised of the following:
                    (A) A secure door utilizing card and pin entry or 
                biometric technology.
                    (B) Surveillance video recording, capable of 
                storing video data for at least 30 days.
                    (C) Advanced screening technologies, including at 
                least one of the following:
                            (i) Magnetometer (walk-through or hand-
                        held).
                            (ii) Explosives detection canines.
                            (iii) Explosives trace detection.
                            (iv) Advanced imaging technology.
                            (v) X-ray bag screening technology.
            (2) Contents.--The study required under paragraph (1) shall 
        include information related to the employee screening costs of 
        those category I, II, III, IV, and X airports which have 
        already implemented practices of screening 100 percent of 
        employees accessing secured areas of airports, including the 
        following:
                    (A) Costs associated with establishing an 
                operational minimum number of employee entry and exit 
                points.
                    (B) A comparison of estimated costs and 
                effectiveness associated with implementing the security 
                features specified in paragraph (1) to--
                            (i) the Federal Government; and
                            (ii) airports and the aviation community.
            (3) Comptroller general assessment.--
                    (A) In general.--Upon completion of the study 
                required under paragraph (1), the Comptroller General 
                of the United States shall review such study to assess 
                the quality and reliability of such study.
                    (B) Assessment.--Not later than 90 days after the 
                receipt of the study required under paragraph (1), the 
                Comptroller General of the United States shall report 
                to the appropriate congressional committees on the 
                results of the review required under subparagraph (A).
    (c) Airport Worker Education and Security Awareness.--
            (1) Cooperative efforts to enhance airport security 
        awareness.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Transportation 
        Security Administration shall work with air carriers, foreign 
        air carriers, airport operators, labor unions representing 
        credentialed employees, and the Aviation Security Advisory 
        Committee to enhance security awareness of credentialed airport 
        populations regarding insider threats to aviation security and 
        recognized practices related to airport access controls.
            (2) Credentialing standards.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of 
                the Transportation Security Administration shall, in 
                consultation with air carriers, foreign air carriers, 
                airport operators, labor unions representing 
                credentialed employees, and the Aviation Security 
                Advisory Committee, assess credentialing standards, 
                policies, and practices to ensure that insider threats 
                to aviation security are adequately addressed.
                    (B) Report.--Not later than 30 days after 
                completion of the assessment required under 
                subparagraph (A), the Administrator of the 
                Transportation Security Administration shall report to 
                the appropriate congressional committees on the results 
                of such assessment.
            (3) SIDA, sterile area, and aoa applications.--
                    (A) Social security numbers required.--Not later 
                than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this 
                Act, the Administrator of the Transportation Security 
                Administration shall require the submission of a social 
                security number for each individual applying for a 
                Security Identification Display Area, Sterile Area, or 
                Air Operations Area airport credential to strengthen 
                security vetting effectiveness. An applicant who does 
                not provide such applicant's social security number may 
                be denied such a credential.
                    (B) Screening notice.--The Administrator of the 
                Transportation Security Administration shall issue 
                requirements for airport operators to include in 
                applications for access to a Security Identification 
                Display Area, Sterile Area, or Air Operations Area a 
                notice informing applicants that an employee holding a 
                credential granting access to such an area may be 
                screened at any time while gaining access to, working 
                in, or leaving such an area.
    (d) Securing Airport Worker Access.--
            (1) In general.--The Administrator of the Transportation 
        Security Administration shall work with airport operators and 
        the Aviation Security Advisory Committee to identify advanced 
        technologies, including biometric identification technologies, 
        for securing employee access to the secured areas and sterile 
        areas of airports.
            (2) Rap back vetting.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the 
        Transportation Security Administration shall ensure that all 
        credentialed aviation worker populations currently requiring a 
        fingerprint-based criminal record history check are 
        continuously vetted through the Federal Bureau of 
        Investigation's Rap Back Service, in order to more rapidly 
        detect and mitigate insider threats to aviation security.
            (3) Insider threat education and mitigation.--Not later 
        than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration 
        shall identify means of enhancing the Transportation Security 
        Administration's ability to leverage the resources of the 
        Department of Homeland Security and the intelligence community 
        to educate Administration personnel on insider threats to 
        aviation security and how the Administration can better 
        mitigate such insider threats.
            (4) Playbook operations.--The Administrator of the 
        Transportation Security Administration shall ensure that 
        Transportation Security Administration-led employee physical 
        inspection efforts of aviation workers, known as Playbook 
        operations, are targeted, strategic, and focused on providing 
        the greatest level of security effectiveness.
            (5) Covert testing.--
                    (A) In general.--The Administrator shall conduct 
                covert testing of Transportation Security 
                Administration-led employee inspection operations at 
                airports and measure existing levels of security 
                effectiveness. The Administrator of the Transportation 
                Security Administration shall provide--
                            (i) the results of such testing to the 
                        airport operator for the airport that is the 
                        subject of any such testing, and, as 
                        appropriate, to air carriers and foreign air 
                        carriers that operate at the airport that is 
                        the subject of such testing; and
                            (ii) recommendations and technical 
                        assistance for air carriers, foreign air 
                        carriers, and airport operators to conduct 
                        their own employee inspections, as needed.
                    (B) Annual reporting.--The Administrator of the 
                Transportation Security Administration shall annually, 
                for each of fiscal years 2018 through 2022, submit to 
                the appropriate congressional committees report on the 
                frequency, methodology, strategy, and effectiveness of 
                employee inspection operations at airports.
            (6) Centralized database.--Not later than 180 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the 
        Transportation Security Administration, in consultation with 
        the Aviation Security Advisory Committee, shall--
                    (A) establish a national database of individuals 
                who have had either their airport or airport operator-
                issued badge revoked for failure to comply with 
                aviation security requirements;
                    (B) determine the appropriate reporting mechanisms 
                for air carriers, foreign air carriers, and airport 
                operators to--
                            (i) submit to the Administrator data 
                        regarding individuals described in subparagraph 
                        (A); and
                            (ii) access the database established 
                        pursuant to such subparagraph; and
                    (C) establish a process to allow individuals whose 
                names were mistakenly entered into such database to 
                correct the record and have their names removed from 
                such database.
    (e) Insider Threat Coordination Efforts.--The Department of 
Homeland Security is the lead interagency coordinator pertaining to 
insider threat investigations and mitigation efforts at airports. The 
Department shall make every practicable effort to coordinate with other 
relevant Government entities, as well as the security representatives 
of air carriers, foreign air carriers, and airport operators, as 
appropriate, when undertaking such investigations and efforts.
    (f) Airport Task Forces.--The Secretary of Homeland Security is 
authorized, through the Director of U.S. Immigration and Customs 
Enforcement, to form airport task forces using Homeland Security 
Investigations personnel and any other Department of Homeland Security 
personnel the Secretary determines necessary. Such airport task forces 
shall investigate and mitigate insider threats to aviation security, in 
coordination with Federal, State, local, tribal, and territorial law 
enforcement partners, as appropriate.
    (g) Information Technology Security.--Not later than 90 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the 
Transportation Security Administration shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a plan to conduct recurring reviews of the 
operational, technical, and management security controls for 
Administration information technology systems at airports.

SEC. 1542. AIRPORT PERIMETER AND ACCESS CONTROL SECURITY.

    (a) Risk Assessments of Airport Security.--
            (1) In general.--The Administrator of the Transportation 
        Security Administration shall--
                    (A) not later than 120 days after the date of the 
                enactment of this Act, update the Transportation Sector 
                Security Risk Assessment (TSSRA) for the aviation 
                sector; and
                    (B) not later than 180 days after such date--
                            (i) update with the latest and most 
                        currently available intelligence information 
                        the Comprehensive Risk Assessment of Perimeter 
                        and Access Control Security (in this section 
                        referred to as the ``Risk Assessment of Airport 
                        Security'') and determine a regular timeframe 
                        and schedule for further updates to such Risk 
                        Assessment of Airport Security; and
                            (ii) conduct a system-wide assessment of 
                        airport access control points and airport 
                        perimeter security, including cargo facilities.
            (2) Contents.--The security risk assessments required under 
        paragraph (1)(B) shall
                    (A) include updates reflected in the TSSRA and 
                Joint Vulnerability Assessment (JVA) findings;
                    (B) reflect changes to the risk environment 
                relating to airport access control points and airport 
                perimeters;
                    (C) use security breach data for specific analysis 
                of system-wide trends related to airport access control 
                points and airport perimeter security to better inform 
                risk management decisions; and
                    (D) take into consideration the unique geography of 
                and current recognized practices used by airports to 
                mitigate potential vulnerabilities.
            (3) Report.--The Administrator of the Transportation 
        Security Administration shall report to the appropriate 
        congressional committees, relevant Federal departments and 
        agencies, and airport operators on the results of the security 
        risk assessments required under paragraph (1).
    (b) Airport Security Strategy Development.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the 
        Transportation Security Administration shall update the 2012 
        National Strategy for Airport Perimeter and Access Control 
        Security (in this section referred to as the ``National 
        Strategy'').
            (2) Contents.--The update to the National Strategy required 
        under paragraph (1) shall include
                    (A) information from the Risk Assessment of Airport 
                Security; and
                    (B) information on--
                            (i) airport security-related activities;
                            (ii) the status of efforts by the 
                        Transportation Security Administration to 
                        address the goals and objectives referred to in 
                        subsection (a);
                            (iii) finalized outcome-based performance 
                        measures and performance levels for each 
                        relevant activity and goal and objective under 
                        subparagraphs (A) and (B); and
                            (iv) input from airport operators.
            (3) Updates.--Not later than 90 days after the update is 
        completed under paragraph (1), the Administrator of the 
        Transportation Security Administration shall implement a 
        process for determining when additional updates to the strategy 
        referred to in such subsection are needed.

SEC. 1543. EXIT LANE SECURITY.

    There is authorized $77,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 and 
2019 to carry out subsection (n)(1) of section 44903 of title 49, 
United States Code.

SEC. 1544. REIMBURSEMENT FOR DEPLOYMENT OF ARMED LAW ENFORCEMENT 
              PERSONNEL AT AIRPORTS.

    There is authorized $45,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 and 
2019 to carry out subsection (h) of section 44901 of title 49, United 
States Code.

                     Subtitle E--Air Cargo Security

SEC. 1551. AIR CARGO ADVANCE SCREENING PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle B of title IV of the Homeland Security 
Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 211 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:

``SEC. 420. AIR CARGO ADVANCE SCREENING PROGRAM.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary, consistent with the requirements 
of the Trade Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-210) shall--
            ``(1) establish an air cargo advance screening program (in 
        this section referred to as the `ACAS Program') for the 
        collection by U.S. Customs and Border Protection of advance 
        electronic information from air carriers and other persons 
        within the supply chain regarding cargo being transported to 
        the United States by air;
            ``(2) under such program, require that such information be 
        transmitted by such air carriers and other persons at the 
        earliest point practicable prior to loading of such cargo onto 
        an aircraft destined to or transiting through the United 
        States;
            ``(3) establish appropriate communications systems with 
        freight forwarders, shippers, and air carriers;
            ``(4) establish a system that will allow freight 
        forwarders, shippers, and air carriers to provide shipment 
        level data for air cargo, departing from any location that is 
        inbound to the United States; and
            ``(5) coordinate with the Administrator of the 
        Transportation Security Administration to identify 
        opportunities in which the information furnished in compliance 
        with the ACAS Program could be used by the Administrator.
    ``(b) Inspection of High-risk Cargo.--Under the ACAS Program, the 
Secretary shall ensure that all cargo that has been identified as high-
risk is inspected--
            ``(1) prior to the loading of such cargo onto aircraft at 
        the last point of departure, or
            ``(2) at an earlier point in the supply chain,
before departing for the United States.
    ``(c) Consultation.--In carrying out the ACAS Program, the 
Secretary shall consult with relevant stakeholders, as appropriate, to 
ensure that an operationally feasible and practical approach to--
            ``(1) the collection of advance information with respect to 
        cargo on aircraft departing for the United States, and
            ``(2) the inspection of high-risk cargo,
recognizes the significant differences among air cargo business models 
and modes of transportation.
    ``(d) Analysis.--The Secretary may analyze the information referred 
to in subsection (a) in the Department's automated targeting system and 
integrate such information with other intelligence to enhance the 
accuracy of the risk assessment process under the ACAS Program.
    ``(e) No Duplication.--The Secretary shall carry out this section 
in a manner that, after the ACAS Program is fully in effect, ensures, 
to the greatest extent practicable, that the ACAS Program does not 
duplicate other Department programs or requirements relating to the 
submission of air cargo data or the inspection of high-risk cargo.
    ``(f) Consideration of Industry.--In carrying out the ACAS Program, 
the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) take into consideration that the content and 
        timeliness of the available data may vary among entities in the 
        air cargo industry and among countries, and shall explore 
        procedures to accommodate such variations while maximizing the 
        contribution of such data to the risk assessment process under 
        the ACAS Program;
            ``(2) test the business processes, technologies, and 
        operational procedures required to provide advance information 
        with respect to cargo on aircraft departing for the United 
        States and carry out related inspection of high-risk cargo, 
        while ensuring delays and other negative impacts on vital 
        supply chains are minimized; and
            ``(3) consider the cost, benefit, and feasibility before 
        establishing any set time period for submission of certain 
        elements of the data for air cargo under this section in line 
        with the regulatory guidelines specified in Executive Order No. 
        13563, and any successor Executive order or regulation.
    ``(g) Guidance.--The Secretary shall provide guidance for 
participants in the ACAS Program regarding the requirements for 
participation, including requirements for transmitting shipment level 
data.
    ``(h) Use of Data.--The Secretary shall use the data provided under 
the ACAS Program for targeting shipments for screening and aviation 
security purposes only.''.
    (b) Final Rule.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall issue a 
final regulation to implement the ACAS Program under section 420 of the 
Homeland Security Act of 2002 (as added by subsection (a) of this 
section) to include the electronic transmission to U.S. Customs and 
Border Protection of data elements for targeting cargo, including 
appropriate security elements of shipment level data, as determined by 
the Secretary.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
commencement of the ACAS Program under section 420 of the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002 (as added by subsection (a) of this section), the 
Secretary of Homeland Security shall submit to the Committee on 
Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs and the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a report detailing 
the operational implementation of providing advance information under 
the ACAS Program and the value of such information in targeting cargo.
    (d) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 419 the following new item:

``Sec. 420. Air cargo advance screening program.''.

SEC. 1552. EXPLOSIVES DETECTION CANINE TEAMS FOR AIR CARGO SECURITY.

    Section 1307 of the Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 
Commission Act of 2007 (6 U.S.C. 1116) is amended by adding at the end 
the following new subsection:
    ``(h) Explosives Detection Canine Teams for Air Cargo Security.--
            ``(1) In general.--In order to enhance the screening of air 
        cargo and ensure that third-party explosives detection canine 
        assets are leveraged for such purpose, the Administrator shall, 
        not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
        subsection--
                    ``(A) develop and issue standards for the use of 
                such third-party explosives detection canine assets for 
                the primary screening of air cargo;
                    ``(B) develop a process to identify qualified non-
                Federal entities that will certify canine assets that 
                meet the standards established by the Administrator 
                pursuant to subparagraph (A);
                    ``(C) ensure that entities qualified to certify 
                canine assets shall be independent from entities that 
                will train and provide canines to end users of such 
                canine assets;
                    ``(D) establish a system of Transportation Security 
                Administration audits of the process developed pursuant 
                to subparagraph (B); and
                    ``(E) provide that canines certified for the 
                primary screening of air cargo can be used by air 
                carriers, foreign air carriers, freight forwarders, and 
                shippers.
            ``(2) Implementation.--Upon completion of the development 
        of the process under subsection (a), the Administrator shall--
                    ``(A) facilitate the deployment of such assets that 
                meet the certification standards of the Administration, 
                as determined by the Administrator;
                    ``(B) make such standards available to vendors 
                seeking to train and deploy third-party explosives 
                detection canine assets; and
                    ``(C) ensure that all costs for the training and 
                certification of canines, and for the use of supplied 
                canines, are borne by private industry and not the 
                Federal Government.
            ``(3) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    ``(A) Air carrier.--The term `air carrier' has the 
                meaning given such term in section 40102 of title 49, 
                United States Code.
                    ``(B) Foreign air carrier.--The term `foreign air 
                carrier' has the meaning given such term in section 
                40102 of title 49, United States Code.
                    ``(C) Third-party explosives detection canine 
                assets.--The term `third-party explosives detection 
                canine assets' means any explosives detection canine or 
                handler not owned or employed, respectively, by the 
                Administration.''.

           Subtitle F--Information Sharing and Cybersecurity

SEC. 1561. INFORMATION SHARING AND CYBERSECURITY.

    (a) Federal Security Directors.--Section 44933 of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(c) Information Sharing.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this subsection, the Administrator shall--
            ``(1) require each Federal Security Director of an airport 
        to meet at least quarterly with the airport director, airport 
        security coordinator, and law enforcement agencies serving each 
        such airport to discuss incident management protocols, 
        including the resolution of screening anomalies at passenger 
        screening checkpoints; and
            ``(2) require each Federal Security Director at an airport 
        to inform, consult, and coordinate, as appropriate, with the 
        respective airport security coordinator in a timely manner on 
        security matters impacting airport operations and to establish 
        and maintain operational protocols with such airport operators 
        to ensure coordinated responses to security matters.''.
    (b) Plan to Improve Information Sharing.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security, 
        acting through the Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration, shall develop a plan to improve intelligence 
        information sharing with State and local transportation 
        entities that includes best practices to ensure that the 
        information shared is actionable, useful, and not redundant.
            (2) Contents.--The plan required under subsection (a) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) The incorporation of best practices for 
                information sharing.
                    (B) The identification of areas of overlap and 
                redundancy.
                    (C) An evaluation and incorporation of stakeholder 
                input in the development of such plan.
                    (D) The integration of recommendations of the 
                Comptroller General of the United States on information 
                sharing.
            (3) Solicitation.--The Administrator shall solicit on an 
        annual basis input from appropriate stakeholders, including 
        State and local transportation entities, on the quality and 
        quantity of intelligence received by such stakeholders relating 
        to information sharing.
    (c) Best Practices Sharing.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security, 
        acting through the Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration, shall establish a mechanism to share with State 
        and local transportation entities best practices from across 
        the law enforcement spectrum, including Federal, State, local, 
        and tribal entities, that relate to employee training, employee 
        professional development, technology development and 
        deployment, hardening tactics, and passenger and employee 
        awareness programs.
            (2) Consultation.--The Administrator of the Transportation 
        Security Administration shall solicit and incorporate 
        stakeholder input--
                    (A) in developing the mechanism for sharing best 
                practices as required under paragraph (1); and
                    (B) not less frequently than once each year on the 
                quality and quantity of information such stakeholders 
                receive through the mechanism established under such 
                subsection.
    (d) Cybersecurity.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Homeland Security shall--
                    (A) not later than 120 days after the date of the 
                enactment of this Act, develop and implement a 
                cybersecurity risk assessment model for aviation 
                security, consistent with the National Institute of 
                Standards and Technology Framework for Improvement 
                Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity and any update to 
                such Framework pursuant to section 2 of the National 
                Institute of Standards and Technology Act (15 U.S.C. 
                272), to evaluate current and future cybersecurity 
                risks;
                    (B) evaluate, on a periodic basis, but not less 
                often than once every two years, the effectiveness of 
                the cybersecurity risk assessment model under 
                subparagraph (A);
                    (C) seek to ensure participation of at least one 
                information sharing and analysis organization (as such 
                term is defined in section 212 of the Homeland Security 
                Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 131)) representing the aviation 
                community in the national cybersecurity and 
                communications integration center, pursuant to 
                subsection (d)(1)(B) of section 227 of the Homeland 
                Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 148);
                    (D) establish guidelines for voluntary reporting of 
                aviation-related cybersecurity risks and incidents to 
                the national cybersecurity and communications 
                integration center under section 227 of the Homeland 
                Security Act of 2002, and other appropriate Federal 
                agencies; and
                    (E) request the Aviation Security Advisory 
                Committee established pursuant to section 44946 of 
                title 49, United States Code, to report and make 
                recommendations to the Secretary on enhancing the 
                sharing of information related to aviation-related 
                cybersecurity risks and incidents between relevant 
                Federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial entities 
                and the aviation stakeholder community.
            (2) Cybersecurity enhancements to aviation security 
        activities.--The Secretary of Homeland Security, in 
        consultation with the Secretary of Transportation, shall--
                    (A) direct the sharing of information concerning 
                cybersecurity risks and incidents to address aviation-
                specific risks; and
                    (B) upon request, conduct cybersecurity 
                vulnerability assessments for airports and air 
                carriers.
            (3) TSA database cyber assessment.--
                    (A) Assessment required.--Not later than 120 days 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
                Secretary of Homeland Security shall evaluate the 
                cybersecurity of the Transportation Security 
                Administration databases for trusted traveler and 
                credentialing programs that contain personal 
                information of specific individuals or information that 
                identifies specific individuals, including the 
                Transportation Worker Identification Credential and 
                Pre-Check trusted traveler programs, and the means for 
                transmission of data to and from such databases and 
                develop information on any identified cybersecurity 
                vulnerabilities and remediation plans to address such 
                vulnerabilities;
                    (B) Submission to congress.--Not later than 30 days 
                after the completion of the evaluation required under 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall submit to the 
                Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, 
                and Transportation of the Senate information relating 
                to such evaluation. Such submission shall be provided 
                in a classified form.
                    (C) Submission of supplementary information.--Not 
                later than 90 days after the completion of such 
                evaluation, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee 
                on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives 
                and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                Transportation of the Senate supplementary information 
                relating to such evaluation, including information 
                relating to any identified cybersecurity 
                vulnerabilities and remediation plans to address such 
                vulnerabilities. Such submission shall be provided in a 
                classified form.
            (4) Definitions.--In this subsection, the terms 
        ``cybersecurity risk'' and ``incident'' have the meanings given 
        such terms in section 227 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002.

              Subtitle G--Surface Transportation Security

SEC. 1571. DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle:
            (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the Committee on 
        Homeland Security and the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
        Senate.
            (2) Explosives detection canine team.--The term 
        ``explosives detection canine team'' means a canine and a 
        canine handler trained to detect explosives and other threats 
        as determined by the Secretary.
            (3) Risk.--The term ``risk'' means the potential for an 
        unwanted outcome resulting from an accident, event, or 
        occurrence, as determined by its likelihood and the associated 
        consequences.
            (4) Threat.--The term ``threat'' means an individual, 
        entity, action, or natural or manmade occurrence that has or 
        indicates the potential to harm life, information, operations, 
        the environment, or property.
            (5) Vulnerability.--The term ``vulnerability'' means a 
        physical feature or operational attribute that renders an 
        entity open to exploitation or susceptible to a given hazard.

SEC. 1572. SURFACE TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ASSESSMENT AND 
              IMPLEMENTATION OF RISK-BASED STRATEGY.

    (a) Security Assessment.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security 
        shall complete an assessment of the vulnerabilities of and 
        risks to surface transportation systems, including findings 
        from similar vulnerability analyses completed within three 
        years of the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Considerations.--In conducting the security assessment 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Homeland Security shall, 
        at a minimum--
                    (A) consider appropriate intelligence;
                    (B) consider security breaches and attacks at 
                domestic and international transportation facilities;
                    (C) consider the vulnerabilities and risks 
                associated with specific modes of surface 
                transportation systems;
                    (D) evaluate the vetting and security training of--
                            (i) employees in surface transportation 
                        systems; and
                            (ii) other individuals with access to 
                        sensitive or secure areas of transportation 
                        systems; and
                    (E) consider input from--
                            (i) representatives of different modes of 
                        surface transportation systems;
                            (ii) subject to paragraph (3)--
                                    (I) critical infrastructure 
                                entities; and
                                    (II) the Transportation Systems 
                                Sector Coordinating Council; and
                            (iii) the heads of other relevant Federal 
                        departments or agencies.
    (b) Risk-based Security Strategy.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date the 
        security assessment under subsection (a) is complete, the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security shall use the results of such 
        assessment--
                    (A) to develop and implement a cross-cutting, risk-
                based security strategy that includes--
                            (i) all surface transportation systems;
                            (ii) a mitigating strategy that aligns with 
                        each vulnerability and risk identified in 
                        subsection (a);
                            (iii) a planning process to inform resource 
                        allocation;
                            (iv) priorities, milestones, and 
                        performance metrics to measure the 
                        effectiveness of such risk-based security 
                        strategy; and
                            (v) processes for sharing relevant and 
                        timely intelligence threat information with 
                        appropriate stakeholders;
                    (B) to develop a management oversight strategy 
                that--
                            (i) identifies the parties responsible for 
                        the implementation, management, and oversight 
                        of the risk-based security strategy under 
                        subparagraph (A); and
                            (ii) includes a plan for implementing such 
                        risk-based security strategy; and
                    (C) to modify the risk-based budget and resource 
                allocations, in accordance with section 573(c), for the 
                Transportation Security Administration.
            (2) Coordinated approach.--In developing and implementing 
        the risk-based security strategy under paragraph (1)(A), the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security shall coordinate with the heads 
        of other relevant Federal departments or agencies, and 
        stakeholders, as appropriate--
                    (A) to evaluate existing surface transportation 
                security programs, policies, and initiatives, including 
                the explosives detection canine teams, for consistency 
                with the risk-based security strategy and, to the 
                extent practicable, avoid any unnecessary duplication 
                of effort;
                    (B) to determine the extent to which stakeholder 
                security programs, policies, and initiatives address 
                the vulnerabilities and risks to surface transportation 
                systems identified in subsection (a); and
                    (C) subject to subparagraph (B), to mitigate each 
                such vulnerability and risk.
    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date the 
        security assessment under subsection (a) is complete, the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security shall submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees and the Inspector General of the 
        Department of Homeland Security a report that--
                    (A) describes the process used to complete such 
                security assessment;
                    (B) describes the process used to develop the risk-
                based security strategy under subsection (b)(1)(A);
                    (C) describes such risk-based security strategy;
                    (D) includes the management oversight strategy 
                under subsection (b)(1)(B);
                    (E) includes--
                            (i) the findings of such security 
                        assessment;
                            (ii) a description of the actions 
                        recommended or taken by the Department or 
                        another Federal department or agency to 
                        mitigate the vulnerabilities and risks 
                        identified in subsection (a);
                            (iii) any recommendations for improving the 
                        coordinated approach to mitigating 
                        vulnerabilities and risks to surface 
                        transportation systems; and
                            (iv) any recommended changes to the 
                        National Infrastructure Protection Plan 
                        developed pursuant to Homeland Security 
                        Presidential Directive-7, the modal annexes to 
                        such plan, or relevant surface transportation 
                        security programs, policies, or initiatives; 
                        and
                    (F) may contain a classified annex.
            (2) Protections.--In preparing the report required under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary of Homeland Security shall take 
        appropriate actions to safeguard information described by 
        section 552(b) of title 5, United States Code, or protected 
        from disclosure by any other law of the United States.
    (d) Updates.--Not less frequently than semiannually, the Secretary 
of Homeland Security shall report to or brief the appropriate 
congressional committees on the vulnerabilities of and risks to surface 
transportation systems and how such vulnerabilities and risks affect 
the risk-based security strategy under subsection (b)(1)(A).

SEC. 1573. RISK-BASED BUDGETING AND RESOURCE ALLOCATION.

    (a) Report.--In conjunction with the submission of the Department's 
annual budget request to the Office of Management and Budget, the 
Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration shall 
submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report that 
describes a risk-based budget and resource allocation plan for surface 
transportation sectors, within and across modes, that--
            (1) reflects the risk-based security strategy under section 
        572(b)(1)(A); and
            (2) is organized by appropriations account, program, 
        project, and initiative.
    (b) Budget Transparency.--Subsection (a) of section 1105 of title 
31, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
new paragraph:
            ``(40) a separate statement clearly distinguishing the 
        resources requested for surface transportation security from 
        the resources requested for aviation security.''.
    (c) Resource Reallocation.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 15 days after the date on 
        which the Transportation Security Administration allocates any 
        resources or personnel, including personnel sharing, detailing, 
        or assignment, or the use of facilities, technology systems, or 
        vetting resources, for a non-transportation security purpose or 
        National Special Security Event (as defined in section 2001 of 
        Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 601)), the Secretary of 
        Homeland Security shall provide to the appropriate 
        congressional committees the notification described in 
        paragraph (2).
            (2) Notification.--A notification described in this 
        paragraph shall include--
                    (A) the reason for and a justification of the 
                resource or personnel allocation at issue;
                    (B) the expected end date of such resource or 
                personnel allocation; and
                    (C) the projected cost to the Transportation 
                Security Administration of such personnel or resource 
                allocation.

SEC. 1574. SURFACE TRANSPORTATION SECURITY MANAGEMENT AND INTERAGENCY 
              COORDINATION REVIEW.

    (a) Review.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall--
            (1) review the staffing, budget, resource, and personnel 
        allocation, and management oversight strategy of the 
        Transportation Security Administration's surface transportation 
        security programs;
            (2) review the coordination between relevant entities of 
        leadership, planning, policy, inspections, and implementation 
        of security programs relating to surface transportation to 
        reduce redundancy and regulatory burden; and
            (3) submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
        report on the findings of the reviews under paragraphs (1) and 
        (2), including any recommendations for improving coordination 
        between relevant entities and reducing redundancy and 
        regulatory burden.
    (b) Relevant Entities Defined.--In this section, the term 
``relevant entities'' means--
            (1) the Transportation Security Administration;
            (2) other Federal, State, or local departments or agencies 
        with jurisdiction over a mode of surface transportation;
            (3) critical infrastructure entities;
            (4) the Transportation Systems Sector Coordinating Council; 
        and
            (5) relevant stakeholders.

SEC. 1575. TRANSPARENCY.

    (a) Regulations.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act and every 180 days thereafter, the Administrator 
of the Transportation Security Administration shall make available 
through a public website information regarding the status of each 
regulation relating to surface transportation security that is directed 
by law to be issued but that has not been issued if more than two years 
have passed since the date of enactment of each such law.
    (b) Inspector General Review.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act and every two years thereafter until 
all of the requirements under titles XIII, XIV, and XV of the 
Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 (6 
U.S.C. 1111 et seq.) and under this Act have been fully implemented, 
the Inspector General of the Department of Homeland Security shall 
submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report that--
            (1) identifies the requirements under such titles of such 
        Act and under this Act that have not been fully implemented;
            (2) describes what, if any, additional action is necessary; 
        and
            (3) includes recommendations regarding whether any of such 
        requirements should be amended or repealed.

SEC. 1576. TSA COUNTERTERRORISM ASSET DEPLOYMENT.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator of the Transportation Security 
Administration is authorized to maintain 30 Visible Intermodal 
Prevention and Response (VIPR) teams for deployment, at the request of 
and in collaboration with Federal, State, and local transportation 
stakeholders, to prevent and deter acts of terrorism against United 
States transportation systems and for other counterterrorism purposes. 
Starting in January 2019 and for five years thereafter, the 
Administrator shall annually assess whether the number of VIPR teams is 
adequate to respond to requests for collaboration from Federal, State, 
and local transportation stakeholders and to carry out counterterrorism 
activities with respect to United States transportation systems.
    (b) Congressional Notification.--If the Administrator of the 
Transportation Security Administration determines that the number of 
VIPR teams should be reduced below 30, the Administrator shall notify 
the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate 
not later than 90 days prior to such a determination.
    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 60 days after the 
development and implementation of the performance measures and 
objectives required under subsection (f), the Administrator of the 
Transportation Security Administration shall report to the Committee on 
Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate on the appropriate 
number of VIPR teams needed by the Administration.
    (d) Stakeholder Notification.--If the Transportation Security 
Administration deploys any counterterrorism personnel or resource, such 
as explosive detection assets, property inspections, or patrols by VIPR 
teams, to enhance security at a surface transportation system or 
surface transportation facility for a period of not less than 180 
consecutive days, the Administrator shall provide sufficient 
notification to the system or facility operator, as applicable, not 
less than 14 days prior to terminating the deployment.
    (e) Exception.--Subsection (d) shall not apply if the Administrator 
of the Transportation Security Administration--
            (1) determines there is an urgent security need for the 
        personnel or resource described in such subsection; and
            (2) notifies the Committee on Homeland Security of the 
        House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, 
        Science, and Transportation of the Senate.
    (f) VIPR Teams.--Section 1303 of the Implementing Recommendations 
of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 (6 U.S.C. 1112) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(4), by striking ``team,'' and 
        inserting ``team as to specific locations and times within the 
        facilities of such entities at which VIPR teams are to be 
        deployed to maximize the effectiveness of such deployment,''; 
        and
            (2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following 
        new subsections:
    ``(b) Performance Measures.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this subsection, the Administrator shall develop 
and implement a system of qualitative performance measures and 
objectives by which to assess the roles, activities, and effectiveness 
of VIPR team operations on an ongoing basis, including a mechanism 
through which the transportation entities referred to in subsection 
(a)(4) may submit feedback on VIPR team operations involving their 
systems or facilities.
    ``(c) Plan.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this section, the Administrator shall develop and 
implement a plan for ensuring the interoperability of communications 
among VIPR team participants and between VIPR teams and any 
transportation entities with systems or facilities that are involved in 
VIPR team operations. Such plan shall include an analysis of the costs 
and resources required to carry out such plan.''.

SEC. 1577. SURFACE TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADVISORY COMMITTEE.

    (a) In General.--Subchapter II of chapter 449 of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 44947. Surface Transportation Security Advisory Committee
    ``(a) Establishment.--The Administrator of the Transportation 
Security Administration (referred to in this section as the 
`Administrator') shall establish within the Transportation Security 
Administration the Surface Transportation Security Advisory Committee 
(referred to in this section as the `Advisory Committee').
    ``(b) Duties.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Advisory Committee may advise, 
        consult with, report to, and make recommendations to the 
        Administrator on surface transportation security matters, 
        including the development, refinement, and implementation of 
        policies, programs, initiatives, rulemakings, and security 
        directives pertaining to surface transportation security.
            ``(2) Risk-based security.--The Advisory Committee shall 
        consider risk-based security approaches in the performance of 
        its duties.
    ``(c) Membership.--
            ``(1) Composition.--The Advisory Committee shall be 
        composed of--
                    ``(A) voting members appointed by the Administrator 
                under paragraph (2); and
                    ``(B) nonvoting members, serving in an advisory 
                capacity, who shall be designated by--
                            ``(i) the Transportation Security 
                        Administration;
                            ``(ii) the Department of Transportation; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) such other Federal department or 
                        agency as the Administrator considers 
                        appropriate.
            ``(2) Appointment.--The Administrator shall appoint voting 
        members from among stakeholders representing each mode of 
        surface transportation, such as passenger rail, freight rail, 
        mass transit, pipelines, highways, over-the-road bus, and 
        trucking, including representatives from--
                    ``(A) associations representing such modes of 
                surface transportation;
                    ``(B) labor organizations representing such modes 
                of surface transportation;
                    ``(C) groups representing the users of such modes 
                of surface transportation, including asset 
                manufacturers, as appropriate;
                    ``(D) relevant law enforcement, first responders, 
                and security experts; and
                    ``(E) such other groups as the Administrator 
                considers appropriate.
            ``(3) Chairperson.--The Advisory Committee shall select a 
        chairperson from among its voting members.
            ``(4) Term of office.--
                    ``(A) Terms.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The term of each voting 
                        member of the Advisory Committee shall be two 
                        years, but a voting member may continue to 
                        serve until the Administrator appoints a 
                        successor.
                            ``(ii) Reappointment.--A voting member of 
                        the Advisory Committee may be reappointed.
                    ``(B) Removal.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Administrator may 
                        review the participation of a member of the 
                        Advisory Committee and remove such member for 
                        cause at any time.
                            ``(ii) Access to certain information.--The 
                        Administrator may remove any member of the 
                        Advisory Committee who the Administrator 
                        determines should be restricted from reviewing, 
                        discussing, or possessing classified 
                        information or sensitive security information.
            ``(5) Prohibition on compensation.--The members of the 
        Advisory Committee may not receive any compensation from the 
        Government by reason of their service on the Advisory 
        Committee.
            ``(6) Meetings.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall 
                meet at least semiannually in person or through web 
                conferencing, and may convene additional meetings as 
                necessary.
                    ``(B) Public meetings.--At least one of the 
                meetings of the Advisory Committee each year shall be--
                            ``(i) announced in the Federal Register;
                            ``(ii) announced on a public website; and
                            ``(iii) open to the public.
                    ``(C) Attendance.--The Advisory Committee shall 
                maintain a record of the persons present at each 
                meeting.
                    ``(D) Minutes.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Unless otherwise 
                        prohibited by Federal law, minutes of the 
                        meetings of the Advisory Committee shall be 
                        published on the public website under 
                        subsection (e)(5).
                            ``(ii) Protection of classified and 
                        sensitive information.--The Advisory Committee 
                        may redact or summarize, as necessary, minutes 
                        of the meetings to protect classified 
                        information or sensitive security information 
                        in accordance with law.
            ``(7) Voting member access to classified information and 
        sensitive security information.--
                    ``(A) Determinations.--Not later than 60 days after 
                the date on which a voting member is appointed to the 
                Advisory Committee but before such voting member may be 
                granted any access to classified information or 
                sensitive security information, the Administrator shall 
                determine if such voting member should be restricted 
                from reviewing, discussing, or possessing classified 
                information or sensitive security information.
                    ``(B) Access.--
                            ``(i) Sensitive security information.--If a 
                        voting member is not restricted from reviewing, 
                        discussing, or possessing sensitive security 
                        information under subparagraph (A) and 
                        voluntarily signs a nondisclosure agreement, 
                        such voting member may be granted access to 
                        sensitive security information that is relevant 
                        to such voting member's service on the Advisory 
                        Committee.
                            ``(ii) Classified information.--Access to 
                        classified materials shall be managed in 
                        accordance with Executive Order No. 13526 of 
                        December 29, 2009 (75 Fed. Reg. 707), or any 
                        subsequent corresponding Executive order.
                    ``(C) Protections.--
                            ``(i) Sensitive security information.--
                        Voting members shall protect sensitive security 
                        information in accordance with part 1520 of 
                        title 49, Code of Federal Regulations.
                            ``(ii) Classified information.--Voting 
                        members shall protect classified information in 
                        accordance with the applicable requirements for 
                        the particular level of classification of such 
                        information.
            ``(8) Joint committee meetings.--The Advisory Committee may 
        meet with one or more of the following advisory committees to 
        discuss multimodal security issues and other security-related 
        issues of common concern:
                    ``(A) Aviation Security Advisory Committee, 
                established under section 44946 of title 49, United 
                States Code.
                    ``(B) Maritime Security Advisory Committee, 
                established under section 70112 of title 46, United 
                States Code.
                    ``(C) Railroad Safety Advisory Committee, 
                established by the Federal Railroad Administration.
            ``(9) Subject matter experts.--The Advisory Committee may 
        request the assistance of subject matter experts with expertise 
        related to the jurisdiction of the Advisory Committee.
    ``(d) Reports.--
            ``(1) Periodic reports.--The Advisory Committee shall 
        periodically submit to the Administrator reports on matters 
        requested by the Administrator or by a majority of the members 
        of the Advisory Committee.
            ``(2) Annual report.--
                    ``(A) Submission.--The Advisory Committee shall 
                submit to the Administrator and the Committee on 
                Homeland Security and the Committee on Transportation 
                and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
                the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
                Affairs and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                Transportation of the Senate an annual report that 
                provides information on the activities, findings, and 
                recommendations of the Advisory Committee during the 
                preceding year.
                    ``(B) Publication.--Not later than six months after 
                the date that the Administrator receives an annual 
                report under subparagraph (A), the Administrator shall 
                publish a public version of such report, in accordance 
                with section 552a(b) of title 5, United States Code.
    ``(e) Administration Response.--
            ``(1) Consideration.--The Administrator shall consider the 
        information, advice, and recommendations of the Advisory 
        Committee in formulating policies, programs, initiatives, 
        rulemakings, and security directives pertaining to surface 
        transportation security efforts.
            ``(2) Feedback.--Not later than 90 days after the date that 
        the Administrator receives a recommendation from the Advisory 
        Committee under subsection (d)(2), the Administrator shall 
        submit to the Advisory Committee written feedback on such 
        recommendation, including--
                    ``(A) if the Administrator agrees with such 
                recommendation, a plan describing the actions that the 
                Administrator has taken, will take, or recommends that 
                the head of another Federal department or agency take 
                to implement such recommendation; or
                    ``(B) if the Administrator disagrees with such 
                recommendation, a justification for such disagreement.
            ``(3) Notices.--Not later than 30 days after the date the 
        Administrator submits feedback under paragraph (2), the 
        Administrator shall--
                    ``(A) notify the Committee on Homeland Security and 
                the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of 
                the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
                Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs and the 
                Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of 
                the Senate of such feedback, including the agreement or 
                disagreement under subparagraph (A) or subparagraph (B) 
                of such paragraph, as applicable; and
                    ``(B) provide the committees specified in 
                subparagraph (A) with a briefing upon request.
            ``(4) Updates.--Not later than 90 days after the date the 
        Administrator receives a recommendation from the Advisory 
        Committee under subsection (d)(2) that the Administrator agrees 
        with, and quarterly thereafter until such recommendation is 
        fully implemented, the Administrator shall submit to the 
        Committee on Homeland Security and the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs and the Committee on Commerce, Science, 
        and Transportation of the Senate a report or post on the public 
        website under paragraph (5) an update on the status of such 
        recommendation.
            ``(5) Website.--The Administrator shall maintain a public 
        website that--
                    ``(A) lists the members of the Advisory Committee;
                    ``(B) provides the contact information for the 
                Advisory Committee; and
                    ``(C) information relating to meetings, minutes, 
                annual reports, and the implementation of 
                recommendations under this section.
    ``(f) Nonapplicability of FACA.--The Federal Advisory Committee Act 
(5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the Advisory Committee or any 
subcommittee established under this section.''.
    (b) Advisory Committee Members.--
            (1) Voting members.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the 
        Transportation Security Administration shall appoint the voting 
        members of the Surface Transportation Security Advisory 
        Committee established under section 44947 of title 49, United 
        States Code, as added by subsection (a) of this section.
            (2) Nonvoting members.--Not later than 90 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, each Federal Government 
        department and agency with regulatory authority over a mode of 
        surface transportation, as the Administrator of the 
        Transportation Security Administration considers appropriate, 
        shall designate an appropriate representative to serve as a 
        nonvoting member of the Surface Transportation Security 
        Advisory Committee.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 449 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 44946 the following new item:

``44947. Surface Transportation Security Advisory Committee.''.

SEC. 1578. REVIEW OF THE EXPLOSIVES DETECTION CANINE TEAM PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date that the 
Inspector General of the Department of Homeland Security receives the 
report under section 572(c), the Inspector General shall--
            (1) review the explosives detection canine team program of 
        the Department, including--
                    (A) the development by the Transportation Security 
                Administration of a deployment strategy for explosives 
                detection canine teams;
                    (B) the national explosives detection canine team 
                training program, including canine training, handler 
                training, refresher training, and updates to such 
                training; and
                    (C) the use of the canine assets during an urgent 
                security need, including the reallocation of such 
                program resources outside the transportation systems 
                sector during an urgent security need; and
            (2) submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
        report on such review, including any recommendations.
    (b) Considerations.--In conducting the review of the deployment 
strategy under subsection (a)(1)(A), the Inspector General of the 
Department of Homeland Security shall consider whether the 
Transportation Security Administration's method to analyze the risk to 
transportation facilities and transportation systems is appropriate.

SEC. 1579. EXPANSION OF NATIONAL EXPLOSIVES DETECTION CANINE TEAM 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Homeland Security, where 
appropriate, shall encourage State, local, and tribal governments and 
private owners of high-risk transportation facilities to strengthen 
security through the use of explosives detection canine teams.
    (b) Increased Capacity.--
            (1) In general.--Before the date the Inspector General of 
        the Department of Homeland Security submits the report under 
        section 578, the Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration may increase the number of State and local 
        surface and maritime transportation explosives detection canine 
        teams by not more than 70 such teams.
            (2) Additional teams.--Beginning on the date the Inspector 
        General of the Department of Homeland Security submits the 
        report under section 578, the Secretary of Homeland Security 
        may increase the State and local surface and maritime 
        transportation explosives detection canine teams by not more 
        than 200 such teams unless more of such teams are needed as 
        identified in the risk-based security strategy under section 
        572(b)(1)(A), consistent with section 573 or with the 
        President's most recent budget submitted under section 1105 of 
        title 31, United States Code.
            (3) Recommendations.--Before initiating any increase in the 
        number of explosives detection teams under paragraph (2), the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security shall consider any 
        recommendations in the report under section 578 on the efficacy 
        and management of the explosives detection canine program of 
        the Department of Homeland Security.
    (c) Deployment.--The Secretary of Homeland Security shall--
            (1) use any additional explosives detection canine teams, 
        as described in subsection (b)(1), as part of the Department of 
        Homeland Security's efforts to strengthen security across the 
        Nation's surface and maritime transportation systems;
            (2) make available explosives detection canine teams to all 
        modes of transportation, subject to the requirements under 
        section 576, to address specific vulnerabilities or risks, on 
        an as-needed basis and as otherwise determined appropriate by 
        the Secretary; and
            (3) consider specific needs and training requirements for 
        explosives detection canine teams to be deployed across the 
        Nation's surface and maritime transportation systems, including 
        in venues of multiple modes of transportation, as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate.

SEC. 1580. EXPLOSIVE DETECTION TECHNOLOGY.

    The Secretary of Homeland Security shall prioritize the research 
and facilitation of next generation technologies to detect explosives 
in the Nation's surface transportation systems.

SEC. 1581. STUDY ON SECURITY STANDARDS AND BEST PRACTICES FOR UNITED 
              STATES AND FOREIGN PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS.

    (a) In General.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a study of how the Transportation Security Administration--
            (1) identifies and compares--
                    (A) United States and foreign passenger 
                transportation system security standards; and
                    (B) best practices for protecting passenger 
                transportation systems, including shared terminal 
                facilities, and cyber systems; and
            (2) disseminates to stakeholders the findings under 
        paragraph (1).
    (b) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall issue a report that contains--
            (1) the findings of the study conducted under subsection 
        (a); and
            (2) any recommendations for improving relevant processes or 
        procedures.

SEC. 1582. AMTRAK SECURITY UPGRADES.

    (a) Railroad Security Assistance.--Subsection (b) of section 1513 
of the Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 
(6 U.S.C. 1163) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting before the period at the 
        end the following: ``, including communications 
        interoperability where appropriate with relevant outside 
        agencies and entities'';
            (2) in paragraph (5), by striking ``security of'' and 
        inserting ``security and preparedness of'';
            (3) in paragraph (7), by striking ``security threats'' and 
        inserting ``security threats and preparedness, including 
        connectivity to the National Terrorist Screening Center''; and
            (4) in paragraph (9), by striking ``and security officers'' 
        and inserting ``, security, and preparedness officers''.
    (b) Specific Projects.--Subsection (a)(3) of section 1514 of the 
Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 (6 
U.S.C. 1164) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (D) by inserting before the semicolon 
        at the end the following: ``, or to connect to the National 
        Terrorism Screening Center watchlist'';
            (2) in subparagraph (G), by striking ``and'' after the 
        semicolon;
            (3) in subparagraph (H) by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting a semicolon; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(I) for improvements to passenger verification 
                systems;
                    ``(J) for improvements to employee and contractor 
                verification systems, including identity verification 
                technology; or
                    ``(K) for improvements to the security of Amtrak 
                computer systems, including cybersecurity assessments 
                and programs.''.

SEC. 1583. STUDY ON SURFACE TRANSPORTATION INSPECTORS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report that--
            (1) identifies any duplication or redundancy between the 
        Transportation Security Administration and the Department of 
        Transportation relating to surface transportation security 
        inspections or oversight; and
            (2) provides recommendations, if any, relating to--
                    (A) improvements to the surface transportation 
                security inspectors program, including--
                            (i) changes in organizational and 
                        supervisory structures;
                            (ii) coordination procedures to enhance 
                        consistency; and
                            (iii) effectiveness in inspection and 
                        compliance activities; and
                    (B) whether each transportation mode needs 
                inspectors trained and qualified for each such specific 
                mode.

SEC. 1584. SECURITY AWARENESS PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--The Administrator of the Transportation 
Security Administration shall establish a program to promote surface 
transportation security through the training of surface transportation 
operators and frontline employees on each of the skills identified in 
subsection (c).
    (b) Application.--The program established under subsection (a) 
shall apply to all modes of surface transportation, including public 
transportation, rail, highway, motor carrier, and pipeline.
    (c) Training.--The program established under subsection (a) shall 
cover, at a minimum, the skills necessary to observe, assess, and 
respond to suspicious items or actions that could indicate a threat to 
transportation.
    (d) Assessment.--
            (1) In general.--The Administrator of the Transportation 
        Security Administration shall conduct an assessment of current 
        training programs for surface transportation operators and 
        frontline employees.
            (2) Contents.--The assessment under paragraph (1) shall 
        identify--
                    (A) whether other training is being provided, 
                either voluntarily or in response to other Federal 
                requirements; and
                    (B) whether there are any gaps in existing 
                training.
    (e) Updates.--The Administrator of the Transportation Security 
Administration shall ensure the program established under subsection 
(a) is updated as necessary to address changes in risk and terrorist 
methods and to close any gaps identified in the assessment under 
subsection (d).
    (f) Suspicious Activity Reporting.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Homeland Security shall 
        ensure there exists a national mechanism for an individual to 
        use to report to the Department of Homeland Security suspicious 
        activity in transportation systems.
            (2) Procedures.--The Secretary of Homeland Security shall 
        establish procedures for the Department of Homeland Security--
                    (A) to review and follow-up, as necessary, on each 
                report received under paragraph (1); and
                    (B) to share, as necessary and in accordance with 
                law, such reports with appropriate Federal, State, 
                local, and tribal entities.
            (3) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
        construed to--
                    (A) replace or affect in any way the use of 9-1-1 
                services in an emergency; or
                    (B) replace or affect in any way the security 
                training program requirements specified in sections 
                1408, 1517, and 1534 of the Implementing 
                Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 (6 
                U.S.C. 1137, 1167, and 1184; Public Law 110-53).
    (g) Frontline Employee Defined.--In this section, the term 
``frontline employee'' includes--
            (1) an employee of a public transportation agency who is a 
        transit vehicle driver or operator, dispatcher, maintenance and 
        maintenance support employee, station attendant, customer 
        service employee, security employee, or transit police, or any 
        other employee who has direct contact with riders on a regular 
        basis, and any other employee of a public transportation agency 
        that the Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration determines should receive security training 
        under this section or who is receiving security training under 
        other law;
            (2) over-the-road bus drivers, security personnel, 
        dispatchers, maintenance and maintenance support personnel, 
        ticket agents, other terminal employees, and other employees of 
        an over-the-road bus operator or terminal owner or operator who 
        the Administrator determines should receive security training 
        under this section or who is receiving security training under 
        other law; or
            (3) security personnel, dispatchers, locomotive engineers, 
        conductors, trainmen, other onboard employees, maintenance and 
        maintenance support personnel, bridge tenders, and any other 
        employees of railroad carriers who the Administrator determines 
        should receive security training under this section or who is 
        receiving security training under other law.

SEC. 1585. VOLUNTARY USE OF CREDENTIALING.

    (a) In General.--An individual who is subject to credentialing or a 
background investigation under section 5103a of title 49, United States 
Code, may satisfy such requirement by obtaining a valid transportation 
security card issued under section 70105 of title 46, United States 
Code.
    (b) Fees.--The Secretary of Homeland Security may charge reasonable 
fees, in accordance with section 520(a) of the Department of Homeland 
Security Appropriations Act, 2004 (6 U.S.C. 469(a)), for providing the 
necessary credentialing and background investigation under this 
section.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Individual who is subject to credentialing or a 
        background investigation.--The term ``individual who is subject 
        to credentialing or a background investigation'' means an 
        individual who--
                    (A) because of employment is regulated by the 
                Transportation Security Administration, Department of 
                Transportation, or Coast Guard and is required to have 
                a background records check to obtain a hazardous 
                materials endorsement on a commercial driver's license 
                issued by a State under section 5103a of title 49, 
                United States Code; or
                    (B) is required to have a credential and background 
                records check under section 2102(d)(2) of the Homeland 
                Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 622(d)(2)) at a facility 
                with activities that are regulated by the 
                Transportation Security Administration, Department of 
                Transportation, or Coast Guard.
            (2) Valid transportation security card issued under section 
        70105 of title 46, united states code.--The term ``valid 
        transportation security card issued under section 70105 of 
        title 46, United States Code'' means a transportation security 
        card issued under section 70105 of title 46, United States 
        Code, that is--
                    (A) not expired;
                    (B) shows no signs of tampering; and
                    (C) bears a photograph of the individual 
                representing such card.

SEC. 1586. BACKGROUND RECORDS CHECKS FOR ISSUANCE OF HAZMAT LICENSES.

    (a) Issuance of Licenses.--Paragraph (1) of section 5103a(a) of 
title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``unless'' and inserting ``unless--'';
            (2) by striking ``the Secretary of Homeland Security'' and 
        inserting the following:
                    ``(A) the Secretary of Homeland Security'';
            (3) in subparagraph (A), as designated pursuant to 
        paragraph (2) of this subsection, by striking the period at the 
        end and inserting ``; or''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(B) the individual holds a valid transportation 
                security card issued under section 70105 of title 
                46.''.
    (b) Transportation Security Card.--Paragraph (1) of section 
5103a(d) of title 49, United States Code, is amended, in the matter 
preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ``described in subsection 
(a)(1)'' and inserting ``under subsection (a)(1)(A)''.

SEC. 1587. RECURRENT VETTING FOR SURFACE TRANSPORTATION CREDENTIAL-
              HOLDERS.

    Section 70105 of title 46, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(r) Recurrent Vetting.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this subsection, the Secretary shall 
        develop and implement a plan to utilize the Federal Bureau of 
        Investigation's Rap Back Service in order to establish 
        recurrent vetting capabilities for individuals holding valid 
        transportation security cards under this section.
            ``(2) Exemption.--Individuals holding valid transportation 
        security cards under this section who are subject to recurrent 
        vetting under the plan to utilize the Rap Back Service referred 
        to in paragraph (1) shall be exempt from any recurrent 
        determinations or background checks under this section to which 
        such individuals would otherwise be subject every five years in 
        the absence of such utilization.''.

SEC. 1588. PIPELINE SECURITY STUDY.

    (a) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a study regarding the roles and responsibilities of the 
Department of Homeland Security and the Department of Transportation 
with respect to pipeline security. Such study shall address whether--
            (1) the Annex to the Memorandum of Understanding executed 
        on August 9, 2006, between the Department of Homeland Security 
        and the Department of Transportation adequately delineates 
        strategic and operational responsibilities for pipeline 
        security, including whether it is clear which department is 
        responsible for--
                    (A) protecting against intentional pipeline 
                breaches and cyber attacks;
                    (B) responding to intentional pipeline breaches and 
                cyber attacks; and
                    (C) planning to recover from the impact of 
                intentional pipeline breaches and cyber attacks;
            (2) the respective roles and responsibilities of each 
        department are adequately conveyed to relevant stakeholders and 
        to the public; and
            (3) the processes and procedures for determining whether a 
        particular pipeline breach is a terrorist incident are clear 
        and effective.
    (b) Report on Study.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this section, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Committee on 
Homeland Security and the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a report containing 
the findings of the study conducted under subsection (a).
    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 90 days after the 
submission of the report under subsection (b), the Secretary of 
Homeland Security shall review and analyze the study and submit to the 
Committee on Homeland Security and the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a report on such 
review and analysis, including any recommendations for--
            (1) changes to the Annex to the Memorandum of Understanding 
        referred to in subsection (a)(1); and
            (2) other improvements to pipeline security activities at 
        the Department.

  Subtitle H--Security Enhancements in Public Areas of Transportation 
                               Facilities

SEC. 1591. WORKING GROUP.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Homeland Security may establish a 
working group to promote collaborative engagement between the 
Department of Homeland Security and public and private stakeholders to 
develop non-binding recommendations for enhancing the security in 
public areas of transportation facilities.
    (b) Annual Report.--If the Secretary of Homeland Security 
establishes a working group pursuant to subsection (a), not later than 
one year after such establishment and annually thereafter for five 
years, the Secretary shall report on the working group's organization, 
participation, activities, findings, and non-binding recommendations 
for the immediately preceding 12 month period. The Secretary may 
publish a public version describing the working group's activities and 
such related matters as would be informative to the public, consistent 
with section 552(b) of title 5, United States Code.
    (c) Inapplicability of the Federal Advisory Committee Act.--The 
Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the 
working group or any subsidiary thereof.

SEC. 1592. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE; VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT TOOLS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Homeland Security shall--
            (1) inform public and private sector stakeholders regarding 
        the availability of Department of Homeland Security technical 
        assistance, including vulnerability assessment tools, to help 
        enhance the security in public areas of transportation 
        facilities; and
            (2) subject to availability of appropriations, provide such 
        technical assistance, upon request, to such a stakeholder.
    (b) Best Practices.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall publish 
and widely disseminate best practices for protecting and enhancing the 
resilience of public areas of transportation facilities, including 
associated frameworks or templates for implementation. As appropriate, 
such best practices shall be updated periodically.

SEC. 1593. OPERATIONS CENTERS.

    Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration, 
in consultation with the heads of other appropriate offices or 
components of the Department of Homeland Security, shall make available 
to public and private stakeholders a framework for establishing an 
operations center within a transportation facility to promote 
interagency response and coordination.

SEC. 1594. REVIEW OF REGULATIONS.

    (a) Review.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Transportation Security 
Administration shall submit to the Committee on Homeland Security of 
the House and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of 
the Senate a report that includes a review of regulations, directives, 
policies, and procedures issued by the Administrator regarding the 
transportation of a firearm and ammunition by an aircraft passenger, 
and, as appropriate, information on plans to modify any such 
regulation, directive, policy, or procedure based on such review.
    (b) Consultation.--In preparing the report required under 
subsection (a), the Administrator of the Transportation Security 
Administration shall consult with the Aviation Security Advisory 
Committee (established pursuant to section 44946 of title 49, United 
States Code) and appropriate public and private sector stakeholders.

SEC. 1595. DEFINITION.

    In this subtitle, the term ``public and private sector 
stakeholders'' has the meaning given such term in section 114(u)(1)(C) 
of title 49, United States Code.

     TITLE VI--EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS, RESPONSE, AND COMMUNICATIONS

       Subtitle A--Grants, Training, Exercises, and Coordination

SEC. 1601. URBAN AREA SECURITY INITIATIVE.

    Section 2003 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 604) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(2)(A), in the matter preceding clause 
        (i), by inserting ``, using the most up-to-date data 
        available,'' after ``assessment'';
            (2) in subsection (d)(2), by amending subparagraph (B) to 
        read as follows:
                    ``(B) Funds retained.--To ensure transparency and 
                avoid duplication, a State shall provide each relevant 
                high-risk urban area with a detailed accounting of the 
                items, services, or activities on which any funds 
                retained by the State under subparagraph (A) are to be 
                expended. Such accounting shall be provided not later 
                than 90 days after the date of which such funds are 
                retained.''; and
            (3) by striking subsection (e) and inserting the following 
        new subsections:
    ``(e) Threat and Hazard Identification Risk Assessment and 
Capability Assessment.--As a condition of receiving a grant under this 
section, each high-risk urban area shall submit to the Administrator a 
threat and hazard identification and risk assessment and capability 
assessment--
            ``(1) at such time and in such form as is required by the 
        Administrator; and
            ``(2) consistent with the Federal Emergency Management 
        Agency's Comprehensive Preparedness Guide 201, Second Edition, 
        or such successor document or guidance as is issued by the 
        Administrator.
    ``(f) Period of Performance.--The Administrator shall make funds 
provided under this section available for use by a recipient of a grant 
for a period of not less than 36 months.
    ``(g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated for grants under this section $800,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2018 through 2022.''.

SEC. 1602. STATE HOMELAND SECURITY GRANT PROGRAM.

    Section 2004 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 605) is 
amended by striking subsection (f) and inserting the following new 
subsections:
    ``(f) Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment and 
Capability Assessment.--
            ``(1) In general.--As a condition of receiving a grant 
        under this section, each State shall submit to the 
        Administrator a threat and hazard identification and risk 
        assessment and capability assessment--
                    ``(A) at such time and in such form as is required 
                by the Administrator; and
                    ``(B) consistent with the Federal Emergency 
                Management Agency's Comprehensive Preparedness Guide 
                201, Second Edition, or such successor document or 
                guidance as is issued by the Administrator.
            ``(2) Collaboration.--In developing the threat and hazard 
        identification and risk assessment under paragraph (1), a State 
        shall solicit input from local and tribal governments, 
        including first responders, and, as appropriate, non-
        governmental and private sector stakeholders.
            ``(3) First responders defined.--In this subsection, the 
        term `first responders' includes representatives of local 
        governmental and nongovernmental fire, law enforcement, 
        emergency management, and emergency medical personnel.
    ``(g) Period of Performance.--The Administrator shall make funds 
provided under this section available for use by a recipient of a grant 
for a period of not less than 36 months.
    ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated for grants under this section $600,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2018 through 2022.''.

SEC. 1603. GRANTS TO DIRECTLY ELIGIBLE TRIBES.

    Section 2005 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 606) is 
amended by--
            (1) redesignating subsections (h) through (k) as 
        subsections (i) through (l), respectively; and
            (2) inserting after subsection (g) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(h) Period of Performance.--The Secretary shall make funds 
provided under this section available for use by a recipient of a grant 
for a period of not less than 36 months.''.

SEC. 1604. LAW ENFORCEMENT TERRORISM PREVENTION.

    (a) Law Enforcement Terrorism Prevention Program.--Subsection (a) 
of section 2006 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 607) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by inserting ``States and high-risk urban areas 
                expend'' after ``that''; and
                    (B) by striking ``is used'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by amending subparagraph (I) to read 
        as follows:
                    ``(I) activities as determined appropriate by the 
                Administrator, in coordination with the Assistant 
                Secretary for State and Local Law Enforcement within 
                the Office of Partnership and Engagement of the 
                Department, through outreach to relevant stakeholder 
                organizations; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) Annual report.--The Administrator, in coordination 
        with the Assistant Secretary for State and Local Law 
        Enforcement, shall report annually from fiscal year 2018 
        through fiscal year 2022 on the use of grants under sections 
        2003 and 2004 for law enforcement terrorism prevention 
        activities authorized under this section, including the 
        percentage and dollar amount of funds used for such activities 
        and the types of projects funded.''.
    (b) Office for State and Local Law Enforcement.--Subsection (b) 
section 2006 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 607) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Policy Directorate'' 
        and inserting ``Office of Partnership and Engagement''
            (2) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``, including 
                through consultation with such agencies regarding 
                Department programs that may impact such agencies'' 
                before the semicolon at the end; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``ensure'' and 
                inserting ``certify''.

SEC. 1605. PRIORITIZATION.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 2007 of the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 608) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as 
                follows:
                    ``(A) its population, including consideration of 
                domestic and international tourists, commuters, and 
                military populations, including military populations 
                residing in communities outside military 
                installations;'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (E), by inserting ``, including 
                threat information from other relevant Federal agencies 
                and field offices, as appropriate'' before the 
                semicolon at the end; and
                    (C) in subparagraph (I), by striking ``target'' and 
                inserting ``core''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``target'' and inserting 
        ``core''.
    (b) Review.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security, through the 
Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, shall review 
and report to the Committee on Homeland Security and the Committee on 
Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs and the Committee on 
Appropriations of the Senate on the risk formula and methodology used 
to award grants under sections 2003 and 2004 of the Homeland Security 
Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 604 and 605), including a discussion of any 
necessary changes to such formula to ensure grant awards are 
appropriately based on risk.
    (c) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United 
States shall review and assess the risk formula and methodology used to 
award grants under sections 2003 and 2004 of the Homeland Security Act 
of 2002, including--
            (1) the process utilized by the Department of Homeland 
        Security to gather threat information for each potential State 
        and high-risk urban area;
            (2) the extent to which such risk formula and methodology 
        considers the factors specified in section 2007 of the Homeland 
        Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 608), in particular--
                    (A) the extent to which the jurisdiction has unmet 
                core capabilities due to resource constraints;
                    (B) the degree to which a jurisdiction has been 
                able to address capability gaps with previous grant 
                awards; and
                    (C) in the case of a high-risk urban area, the 
                extent to which such high-risk urban area includes--
                            (i) incorporated municipalities, counties, 
                        parishes, and Indian tribes within the relevant 
                        eligible metropolitan area the inclusion of 
                        which will enhance regional efforts to prevent, 
                        prepare for, protect against, and respond to 
                        acts of terrorism; and
                            (ii) other local and tribal governments in 
                        the surrounding area that are likely to be 
                        called upon to respond to acts of terrorism 
                        within the high-risk urban area; and
            (3) how grant award amounts are determined.

SEC. 1606. ALLOWABLE USES.

    Section 2008 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 609) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``target'' and inserting ``core'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (6) through (14) as 
                paragraphs (8) through (16), respectively;
                    (C) in paragraph (5), by inserting before the 
                semicolon at the end the following: ``, provided such 
                purchases align with the Statewide Communication 
                Interoperability Plan and are coordinated with the 
                Statewide Interoperability Coordinator or Statewide 
                interoperability governance body of the State of the 
                recipient''; and
                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following 
                new paragraphs:
            ``(6) enhancing medical preparedness, medical surge 
        capacity, and mass prophylaxis capabilities, including the 
        development and maintenance of an initial pharmaceutical 
        stockpile, including medical kits and diagnostics sufficient to 
        protect first responders, their families, immediate victims, 
        and vulnerable populations from a chemical or biological event;
            ``(7) enhancing cybersecurity, including preparing for and 
        responding to cybersecurity risks and incidents (as such terms 
        are defined in section 227) and developing statewide cyber 
        threat information analysis and dissemination activities;'';
                    (E) in paragraph (8), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``Homeland Security Advisory System'' and 
                inserting ``National Terrorism Advisory System''; and
                    (F) in paragraph (14), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``3'' and inserting ``5'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3)(B), by striking ``(a)(10)'' 
                and inserting ``(a)(12)''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4)(B)(i), by striking ``target'' 
                and inserting ``core''; and
            (3) in subsection (c), by striking ``target'' and ``core''.

SEC. 1607. APPROVAL OF CERTAIN EQUIPMENT.

    (a) In General.--Section 2008 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 
(6 U.S.C. 609), as amended by this Act, is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) by striking ``If an applicant'' and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(1) Application requirement.--If an applicant''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:
            ``(2) Review process.--The Administrator shall implement a 
        uniform process for reviewing applications that, in accordance 
        with paragraph (1), contain explanations to use grants provided 
        under section 2003 or 2004 to purchase equipment or systems 
        that do not meet or exceed any applicable national voluntary 
        consensus standards developed under section 647 of the Post-
        Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006 (6 U.S.C. 747).
            ``(3) Factors.--In carrying out the review process under 
        paragraph (2), the Administrator shall consider the following:
                    ``(A) Current or past use of proposed equipment or 
                systems by Federal agencies or the Armed Forces.
                    ``(B) The absence of a national voluntary consensus 
                standard for such equipment or systems.
                    ``(C) The existence of an international consensus 
                standard for such equipment or systems, and whether 
                such equipment or systems meets such standard.
                    ``(D) The nature of the capability gap identified 
                by the applicant, and how such equipment or systems 
                will address such gap.
                    ``(E) The degree to which such equipment or systems 
                will serve the needs of the applicant better than 
                equipment or systems that meet or exceed existing 
                consensus standards.
                    ``(F) Any other factor determined appropriate by 
                the Administrator.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Review Process.--The Administrator shall implement a uniform 
process for reviewing applications to use grants provided under section 
2003 or 2004 to purchase equipment or systems not included on the 
Authorized Equipment List maintained by the Administrator.''.
    (b) Inspector General Report.--Not later than three years after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Inspector General of the 
Department of Homeland Security shall submit to the Committee on 
Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate a report 
assessing the implementation of the review process established under 
paragraph (2) of subsection (f) of section 2008 of the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002 (as added by subsection (a) of this section), 
including information on the following:
            (1) The number of requests to purchase equipment or systems 
        that do not meet or exceed any applicable consensus standard 
        evaluated under such review process.
            (2) The capability gaps identified by applicants and the 
        number of such requests granted or denied.
            (3) The processing time for the review of such requests.

SEC. 1608. MEMORANDA OF UNDERSTANDING.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle B of title XX of the Homeland Security 
Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 611 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:

``SEC. 2024. MEMORANDA OF UNDERSTANDING WITH DEPARTMENTAL COMPONENTS 
              AND OFFICES.

    ``The Administrator shall enter into memoranda of understanding 
with the heads of the following departmental components and offices 
delineating the roles and responsibilities of such components and 
offices regarding the policy and guidance for grants under section 1406 
of the Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 
(6 U.S.C. 1135), sections 2003 and 2004 of this Act, and section 70107 
of title 46, United States Code, as appropriate:
            ``(1) The Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border 
        Protection.
            ``(2) The Administrator of the Transportation Security 
        Administration.
            ``(3) The Commandant of the Coast Guard.
            ``(4) The Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis.
            ``(5) The Director of the Office of Emergency 
        Communications.
            ``(6) The Assistant Secretary for State and Local Law 
        Enforcement.
            ``(7) The Countering Violent Extremism Coordinator.
            ``(8) The Officer for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties.
            ``(9) The Chief Medical Officer.
            ``(10) The heads of other components or offices of the 
        Department, as determined by the Secretary.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 2023 the following new item:

``Sec. 2024. Memoranda of understanding with departmental components 
                            and offices.''.

SEC. 1609. GRANTS METRICS.

    (a) In General.--To determine the extent to which grants under 
sections 2003 and 2004 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 
603 and 604) have closed capability gaps identified in State 
Preparedness Reports required under subsection (c) of section 652 of 
the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006 (6 U.S.C. 752; 
title VI of the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 
2007; Public Law 109-295) and Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk 
Assessments required under subsections (e) and (f) of such sections 
2003 and 2004, respectively, as added by this Act, from each State and 
high-risk urban area, the Administrator of the Federal Emergency 
Management Agency shall conduct and submit to the Committee on Homeland 
Security and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
House of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
Governmental Affairs of the Senate an assessment of information 
provided in such Reports and Assessments.
    (b) Assessment Requirements.--The assessment required under 
subsection (a) shall include a comparison of successive State 
Preparedness Reports and Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk 
Assessments that aggregates results across the States and high-risk 
urban areas.

SEC. 1610. GRANT MANAGEMENT BEST PRACTICES.

    The Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency shall 
include in the annual Notice of Funding Opportunity relating to grants 
under sections 2003 and 2004 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 604 and 605) an appendix that includes the following:
            (1) A summary of findings identified by the Office of the 
        Inspector General of the Department of Homeland Security in 
        audits of such grants and methods to address areas identified 
        for improvement, including opportunities for technical 
        assistance.
            (2) Innovative projects and best practices instituted by 
        grant recipients.

SEC. 1611. PROHIBITION ON CONSOLIDATION.

    The Secretary of Homeland Security may not implement the National 
Preparedness Grant Program or any successor consolidated grant program 
unless the Secretary receives prior authorization from Congress 
permitting such implementation.

SEC. 1612. MAINTENANCE OF GRANT INVESTMENTS.

    Section 2008 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 609), 
as amended by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(h) Maintenance of Equipment.--Any applicant for a grant under 
section 2003 or 2004 seeking to use funds to purchase equipment, 
including pursuant to paragraphs (3), (4), (5), or (12) of subsection 
(a) of this section, shall by the time of the receipt of such grant 
develop a plan for the maintenance of such equipment over its life-
cycle that includes information identifying which entity is responsible 
for such maintenance.''.

SEC. 1613. TRANSIT SECURITY GRANT PROGRAM.

    Section 1406 of the Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 
Commission Act of 2007 (6 U.S.C. 1135) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(2)(A), by inserting ``and associated 
        backfill'' after ``security training''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (m) and inserting the following 
        new subsections:
    ``(m) Periods of Performance.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        funds provided pursuant to a grant awarded under this section 
        for a use specified in subsection (b) shall remain available 
        for use by a grant recipient for a period of not fewer than 36 
        months.
            ``(2) Exception.--Funds provided pursuant to a grant 
        awarded under this section for a use specified in subparagraph 
        (M) or (N) of subsection (b)(1) shall remain available for use 
        by a grant recipient for a period of not fewer than 55 months.
    ``(n) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated for grants under this section $200,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2018 through 2022.''.

SEC. 1614. PORT SECURITY GRANT PROGRAM.

    Section 70107 of title 46, United States Code, is amended by--
            (1) striking subsection (l);
            (2) redesignating subsection (m) as subsection (l); and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(n) Period of Performance.--The Secretary shall make funds 
provided under this section available for use by a recipient of a grant 
for a period of not less than 36 months.
    ``(o) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated for grants under this section $200,000,000 for each of the 
fiscal years 2018 through 2022.''.

SEC. 1615. CYBER PREPAREDNESS.

    (a) In General.--Section 227 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 
(6 U.S.C. 148) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (5)(B), by inserting ``, including 
                State, local, and regional fusion centers, as 
                appropriate'' before the semicolon at the end;
                    (B) in paragraph (7), in the matter preceding 
                subparagraph (A), by striking ``information and 
                recommendations'' each place it appears and inserting 
                ``information, recommendations, and best practices''; 
                and
                    (C) in paragraph (9), by inserting ``best 
                practices,'' after ``defensive measures,''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)(1)(B)(ii), by inserting ``and State, 
        local, and regional fusion centers, as appropriate'' before the 
        semicolon at the end.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that to 
facilitate the timely dissemination to appropriate State, local, and 
private sector stakeholders of homeland security information related to 
cyber threats, the Secretary of Homeland Security should, to the 
greatest extent practicable, work to share actionable information in an 
unclassified form related to such threats.

SEC. 1616. MAJOR METROPOLITAN AREA COUNTERTERRORISM TRAINING AND 
              EXERCISE GRANT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle A of title XX of the Homeland Security 
Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 603 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:

``SEC. 2009. MAJOR METROPOLITAN AREA COUNTERTERRORISM TRAINING AND 
              EXERCISE GRANT PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Establishment.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, acting through the 
        Administrator and the heads of other relevant components of the 
        Department, shall carry out a program to make grants to 
        emergency response providers to prevent, prepare for, and 
        respond to emerging terrorist attack scenarios, including 
        complex, coordinated terrorist attacks and active shooters, as 
        determined by the Secretary, against major metropolitan areas.
            ``(2) Information.--In establishing the program pursuant to 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall provide to eligible 
        applicants--
                    ``(A) information, in an unclassified format, on 
                emerging terrorist attack scenarios, including complex, 
                coordinated terrorist attacks and active shooters, 
                which grants under such program are intended to 
                address; and
                    ``(B) information on training and exercises best 
                practices.
    ``(b) Eligible Applicants.--
            ``(1) In general.--Only jurisdictions that have previously 
        received, but are no longer eligible for, funding under section 
        2003 may apply for a grant under the program established 
        pursuant to subsection (a).
            ``(2) Additional jurisdictions.--Eligible applicants 
        receiving funding under the program established pursuant to 
        subsection (a) may include in activities funded by such program 
        neighboring jurisdictions that would be likely to provide 
        mutual aid in response to emerging terrorist attack scenarios, 
        including complex, coordinated terrorist attacks and active 
        shooters.
    ``(c) Permitted Uses.--The recipient of a grant under the program 
established pursuant to subsection (a) may use such grant to--
            ``(1) identify capability gaps related to preparing for, 
        preventing, and responding to emerging terrorist attack 
        scenarios, including complex, coordinated terrorist attacks and 
        active shooters;
            ``(2) develop or update plans, annexes, and processes to 
        address any capability gaps identified pursuant to paragraph 
        (1);
            ``(3) conduct training to address such identified 
        capability gaps;
            ``(4) conduct exercises, including at locations such as 
        mass gathering venues, places of worship, or educational 
        institutions, as appropriate, to validate capabilities;
            ``(5) pay for backfill associated with personnel 
        participating in training and exercises under paragraphs (3) 
        and (4); and
            ``(6) pay for other permitted uses under section 2008.
    ``(d) Period of Performance.--The Administrator shall make funds 
provided under this section available for use by a recipient of a grant 
for a period of not fewer than 36 months.
    ``(e) Information Sharing.--The Administrator shall, to the extent 
practicable, aggregate, analyze, and share with relevant emergency 
response providers information on best practices and lessons learned 
from--
            ``(1) the planning, training, and exercises conducted using 
        grants authorized under the program established pursuant to 
        subsection (a); and
            ``(2) responses to actual terrorist attacks around the 
        world.
    ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated for grants under this section $39,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2018 through 2022.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 2008 the following new item:

``Sec. 2009. Major metropolitan area counterterrorism training and 
                            exercise grant program.''.

SEC. 1617. OPERATION STONEGARDEN.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle A of title XX of the Homeland Security 
Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 601 et seq.), as amended by this Act, is further 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``SEC. 2010. OPERATION STONEGARDEN.

    ``(a) Establishment.--There is established in the Department a 
program to be known as `Operation Stonegarden'. Under such program, the 
Secretary, acting through the Administrator, shall make grants to 
eligible law enforcement agencies, through the State Administrative 
Agency, to enhance border security in accordance with this section.
    ``(b) Eligible Recipients.--To be eligible to receive a grant under 
this section, a law enforcement agency shall--
            ``(1) be located in--
                    ``(A) a State bordering either Canada or Mexico; or
                    ``(B) a State or territory with a maritime border; 
                and
            ``(2) be involved in an active, ongoing U.S. Customs and 
        Border Protection operation coordinated through a sector 
        office.
    ``(c) Permitted Uses.--The recipient of a grant under this section 
may use such grant for any of the following:
            ``(1) Equipment, including maintenance and sustainment 
        costs.
            ``(2) Personnel, including overtime and backfill, in 
        support of enhanced border law enforcement activities.
            ``(3) Any activity permitted for Operation Stonegarden 
        under the Department of Homeland Security's Fiscal Year 2016 
        Homeland Security Grant Program Notice of Funding Opportunity.
            ``(4) Any other appropriate activity, as determined by the 
        Administrator, in consultation with the Commissioner of U.S. 
        Customs and Border Protection.
    ``(d) Period of Performance.--The Secretary shall make funds 
provided under this section available for use by a recipient of a grant 
for a period of not less than 36 months.
    ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated $110,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 through 2022 
for grants under this section.
    ``(e) Report.--The Administrator shall annually for each of the 
fiscal years specified in subsection (d) submit to the Committee on 
Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate a report 
containing information on the expenditure of grants made under this 
section by each grant recipient.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as amended by this Act, is further 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2009 the 
following new item:

``Sec. 2010. Operation Stonegarden.''.

SEC. 1618. NON-PROFIT SECURITY GRANT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle A of title XX of the Homeland Security 
Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 601 et seq.), as amended by this Act, is further 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``SEC. 2011. NON-PROFIT SECURITY GRANT PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Establishment.--There is established in the Department a 
program to be known as the `Non-Profit Security Grant Program' (in this 
section referred to as the `Program'). Under the Program, the 
Secretary, acting through the Administrator, shall make grants to 
eligible nonprofit organizations described in subsection (b), through 
the State in which such organizations are located, for target hardening 
and other security enhancements to protect against terrorist attacks.
    ``(b) Eligible Recipients.--Eligible nonprofit organizations 
described in this subsection (a) are organizations that are--
            ``(1) described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal 
        Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from tax under section 501(a) 
        of such Code; and
            ``(2) determined to be at risk of a terrorist attack by the 
        Administrator.
    ``(c) Permitted Uses.--The recipient of a grant under this section 
may use such grant for any of the following uses:
            ``(1) Target hardening activities, including physical 
        security enhancement equipment and inspection and screening 
        systems.
            ``(2) Fees for security training relating to physical 
        security and cybersecurity, target hardening, terrorism 
        awareness, and employee awareness.
            ``(3) Any other appropriate activity, as determined by the 
        Administrator.
    ``(d) Period of Performance.--The Administrator shall make funds 
provided under this section available for use by a recipient of a grant 
for a period of not less than 36 months.
    ``(e) Report.--The Administrator shall annually for each of fiscal 
years 2018 through 2022 submit to the Committee on Homeland Security of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
Governmental Affairs of the Senate a report containing information on 
the expenditure by each grant recipient of grant funds made under this 
section.
    ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--
            ``(1) In general.--There is authorized to be appropriated 
        $50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 through 2022 to carry 
        out this section.
            ``(2) Specification.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
        appropriated pursuant to paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) $35,000,000 is authorized for eligible 
                recipients located in jurisdictions that receive 
                funding under section 2003; and
                    ``(B) $15,000,000 is authorized for eligible 
                recipients in jurisdictions not receiving funding under 
                section 2003.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Subsection (a) of section 2002 of the 
Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 603) is amended by striking 
``sections 2003 and 2004'' and inserting ``sections 2003, 2004, and 
2011''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 2008 the following new item:

``Sec. 2011. Non-Profit Security Grant Program.''.

SEC. 1619. STUDY OF THE USE OF GRANT FUNDS FOR CYBERSECURITY.

    Not later than 120 days after the enactment of this section, the 
Administrator, in consultation with relevant components of the 
Department, shall conduct a study on the use of grant funds awarded 
pursuant to section 2003 and section 2004 of the Homeland Security Act 
of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 604 and 605), including information on the following:
            (1) The amount of grant funds invested or obligated 
        annually during fiscal years 2006 through 2016 to support 
        efforts to prepare for and respond to cybersecurity risks and 
        incidents (as such terms are defined in section 227 of such Act 
        (6 U.S.C. 148).
            (2) The degree to which grantees identify cybersecurity as 
        a capability gap in the Threat and Hazard Identification and 
        Risk Assessment carried out pursuant to the amendment made by 
        sections 601 and 602 of this title.
            (3) Obstacles and challenges related to using grant funds 
        to improve cybersecurity.
            (4) Plans for future efforts to encourage grantees to use 
        grant funds to improve cybersecurity capabilities.

                       Subtitle B--Communications

SEC. 1631. OFFICE OF EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS.

    The Secretary of Homeland Security may not change the location or 
reporting structure of the Office of Emergency Communications of the 
Department of Homeland Security unless the Secretary receives prior 
authorization from the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
Affairs of the Senate permitting such change.

SEC. 1632. RESPONSIBILITIES OF OFFICE OF EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS 
              DIRECTOR.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (c) of section 1801 of the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 571) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (3);
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (15) as 
        paragraphs (3) through (14), respectively;
            (3) in paragraph (8), as so redesignated, by striking ``, 
        in cooperation with the National Communications System,'';
            (4) in paragraph (12) by striking ``Assistant Secretary for 
        Grants and Training'' and inserting ``Administrator of the 
        Federal Emergency Management Agency'';
            (5) in paragraph (13), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``and'' at the end;
            (6) in paragraph (14), as so redesignated, by striking the 
        period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and
            (7) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(15) administer the Government Emergency 
        Telecommunications Service (GETS) and Wireless Priority Service 
        (WPS) programs, or successor programs; and
            ``(16) assess the impact of emerging technologies on 
        interoperable emergency communications.''.
    (b) Performance of Previously Transferred Functions.--Subsection 
(d) of section 1801 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is amended 
by--
            (1) striking paragraph (2); and
            (2) redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2).

SEC. 1633. ANNUAL REPORTING ON ACTIVITIES OF THE OFFICE OF EMERGENCY 
              COMMUNICATIONS.

    Subsection (f) of section 1801 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 
(6 U.S.C. 571) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(f) Annual Reporting of Office Activities.--The Director of the 
Office of Emergency Communications shall, not later than one year after 
the date of the enactment of this subsection and annually thereafter 
for each of the next four years, report to the Committee on Homeland 
Security and the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
Affairs of the Senate on the activities and programs of the Office, 
including specific information on efforts to carry out paragraphs (4), 
(5), and (6) of subsection (c).''.

SEC. 1634. NATIONAL EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS PLAN.

    Section 1802 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 572) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``, and in cooperation with the 
                Department of National Communications System (as 
                appropriate),''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``, but not less than once every 
                five years,'' after ``periodically''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (10) as 
                paragraphs (4) through (11), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
                new paragraph:
            ``(3) consider the impact of emerging technologies on the 
        attainment of interoperable emergency communications;''.

SEC. 1635. TECHNICAL EDIT.

    Paragraph (1) of section 1804(b) of the Homeland Security Act of 
2002 (6 U.S.C. 574(b)), in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
striking ``Assistant Secretary for Grants and Planning'' and inserting 
``Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency''.

SEC. 1636. PUBLIC SAFETY BROADBAND NETWORK.

    The Undersecretary of the National Protection and Programs 
Directorate of the Department of Homeland Security shall provide to the 
Committee on Homeland Security and the Committee on Energy and Commerce 
of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security 
and Governmental Affairs of the Senate information on the Department of 
Homeland Security's responsibilities related to the development of the 
nationwide Public Safety Broadband Network authorized in section 6202 
of the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012 (47 U.S.C. 
1422; Public Law 112-96), including information on efforts by the 
Department to work with the First Responder Network Authority of the 
Department of Commerce to identify and address cyber risks that could 
impact the near term or long term availability and operations of such 
network and recommendations to mitigate such risks.

SEC. 1637. COMMUNICATIONS TRAINING.

    The Under Secretary for Management of the Department of Homeland 
Security, in coordination with the appropriate component heads, shall 
develop a mechanism, consistent with the strategy required pursuant to 
section 4 of the Department of Homeland Security Interoperable 
Communications Act (Public Law 114-29; 6 U.S.C. 194 note), to verify 
that radio users within the Department receive initial and ongoing 
training on the use of the radio systems of such components, including 
interagency radio use protocols.

                    Subtitle C--Medical Preparedness

SEC. 1641. CHIEF MEDICAL OFFICER.

    Section 516 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 321e) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                inserting ``and shall establish medical and human, 
                animal, and occupational health exposure policy, 
                guidance, strategies, and initiatives,'' before 
                ``including--'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by inserting before the 
                semicolon at the end the following: ``, including 
                advice on how to prepare for, protect against, respond 
                to, recover from, and mitigate against the medical 
                effects of terrorist attacks or other high consequence 
                events utilizing chemical, biological, radiological, or 
                nuclear agents or explosives'';
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by inserting before the 
                semicolon at the end the following: ``, including 
                coordinating the Department's policy, strategy and 
                preparedness for pandemics and emerging infectious 
                diseases'';
                    (D) in paragraph (5), by inserting ``emergency 
                medical services and medical first responder 
                stakeholders,'' after ``the medical community,'';
                    (E) in paragraph (6), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (F) in paragraph (7), by striking the period and 
                inserting a semicolon; and
                    (G) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:
            ``(8) ensuring that the workforce of the Department has 
        evidence-based policy, standards, requirements, and metrics for 
        occupational health and operational medicine programs;
            ``(9) directing and maintaining a coordinated system for 
        medical support for the Department's operational activities;
            ``(10) providing oversight of the Department's medical 
        programs and providers, including--
                    ``(A) reviewing and maintaining verification of the 
                accreditation of the Department's health provider 
                workforce;
                    ``(B) developing quality assurance and clinical 
                policy, requirements, standards, and metrics for all 
                medical and health activities of the Department;
                    ``(C) providing oversight of medical records 
                systems for employees and individuals in the 
                Department's care and custody; and
                    ``(D) providing medical direction for emergency 
                medical services activities of the Department; and
            ``(11) as established under section 528, maintaining a 
        medical countermeasures stockpile and dispensing system, as 
        necessary, to facilitate personnel readiness, and protection 
        for the Department's employees and working animals and 
        individuals in the Department's care and custody in the event 
        of a chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, or explosives 
        attack, naturally occurring disease outbreak, or pandemic.''; 
        and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Medical Liaisons.--The Chief Medical Officer may provide 
medical liaisons to the components of the Department to provide subject 
matter expertise on medical and public health issues and a direct link 
to the Chief Medical Officer. Such expertise may include the following:
            ``(1) Providing guidance on health and medical aspects of 
        policy, planning, operations, and workforce health protection.
            ``(2) Identifying and resolving component medical issues.
            ``(3) Supporting the development and alignment of medical 
        and health systems.
            ``(4) Identifying common gaps in medical and health 
        standards, policy, and guidance, and enterprise solutions to 
        bridge such gaps.''.

SEC. 1642. MEDICAL COUNTERMEASURES PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Title V of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 311 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
section:

``SEC. 528. MEDICAL COUNTERMEASURES.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a medical 
countermeasures program to facilitate personnel readiness, and 
protection for the Department's employees and working animals and 
individuals in the Department's care and custody, in the event of a 
chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, or explosives attack, 
naturally occurring disease outbreak, or pandemic, and to support 
Department mission continuity.
    ``(b) Oversight.--The Chief Medical Officer of the Department shall 
provide programmatic oversight of the medical countermeasures program 
established pursuant to subsection (a), and shall--
            ``(1) develop Department-wide standards for medical 
        countermeasure storage, security, dispensing, and 
        documentation;
            ``(2) maintain a stockpile of medical countermeasures, 
        including antibiotics, antivirals, and radiological 
        countermeasures, as appropriate;
            ``(3) preposition appropriate medical countermeasures in 
        strategic locations nationwide, based on threat and employee 
        density, in accordance with applicable Federal statutes and 
        regulations;
            ``(4) provide oversight and guidance on dispensing of 
        stockpiled medical countermeasures;
            ``(5) ensure rapid deployment and dispensing of medical 
        countermeasures in a chemical, biological, radiological, 
        nuclear, or explosives attack, naturally occurring disease 
        outbreak, or pandemic;
            ``(6) provide training to Department employees on medical 
        countermeasure dispensing; and
            ``(7) support dispensing exercises.
    ``(c) Medical Countermeasures Working Group.--The Chief Medical 
Officer shall establish a medical countermeasures working group 
comprised of representatives from appropriate components and offices of 
the Department to ensure that medical countermeasures standards are 
maintained and guidance is consistent.
    ``(d) Medical Countermeasures Management.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this section, the Chief Medical 
Officer shall develop and submit to the Secretary an integrated 
logistics support plan for medical countermeasures, including--
            ``(1) a methodology for determining the ideal types and 
        quantities of medical countermeasures to stockpile and how 
        frequently such methodology shall be reevaluated;
            ``(2) a replenishment plan; and
            ``(3) inventory tracking, reporting, and reconciliation 
        procedures for existing stockpiles and new medical 
        countermeasure purchases.
    ``(e) Stockpile Elements.--In determining the types and quantities 
of medical countermeasures to stockpile under subsection (d), the Chief 
Medical Officer shall utilize, if available--
            ``(1) Department chemical, biological, radiological, and 
        nuclear risk assessments; and
            ``(2) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidance 
        on medical countermeasures.
    ``(f) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this section, the Chief Medical Officer shall report to 
the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the 
Senate on progress in achieving the requirements of this section.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is amended by adding after the item 
relating to section 527 the following new item:

``Sec. 528. Medical countermeasures.''.

                        TITLE VII--OTHER MATTERS

SEC. 1701. DECISION REGARDING CERTAIN EXECUTIVE MEMORANDA.

    Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall review existing 
Department of Homeland Security policy memoranda, including memoranda 
approved by prior Secretaries that remain in effect, to determine 
whether such memoranda should remain in effect and, if so, whether any 
of such memoranda should be modified.

SEC. 1702. PERMANENT AUTHORIZATION FOR ASIA-PACIFIC ECONOMIC 
              COOPERATION BUSINESS TRAVEL CARD PROGRAM.

    Section 2(a) of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Business 
Travel Cards Act of 2011 (Public Law 112-54; 8 U.S.C. 1185 note) is 
amended by striking ``During the 7-year period ending on September 30, 
2018, the Secretary'' and inserting ``The Secretary''.

SEC. 1703. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR OFFICE OF INSPECTOR 
              GENERAL.

    There is authorized to be appropriated for the Office of the 
Inspector General of the Department of Homeland Security $175,000,000 
for each of fiscal years 2018 and 2019.

SEC. 1704. CANINE TEAMS.

    The Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection may request 
additional canine teams when there is a justified and documented 
shortage and such additional canine teams would be effective for drug 
detection at the border.

SEC. 1705. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS TO THE HOMELAND SECURITY ACT OF 2002.

    (a) Title I.--Section 103 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 113), as amended by this Act, is further amended as follows:
            (1) In subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``the Bureau 
                of'' and inserting ``United States''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(L) An Administrator of the Transportation 
                Security Administration.''.
            (2) In subsection (d)(5), by striking ``section 708'' and 
        inserting ``section 707''.
    (b) Title II.--Title II of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 121 et seq.) is amended as follows:
            (1) In section 202 (6 U.S.C. 122)--
                    (A) in subsection (c), in the matter preceding 
                paragraph (1), by striking ``Director of Central 
                Intelligence'' and inserting ``Director of National 
                Intelligence''; and
                    (B) in subsection (d)(2), by striking ``Director of 
                Central Intelligence'' and inserting ``Director of 
                National Intelligence''.
            (2) In section 210E (6 U.S.C. 124l)--
                    (A) by striking subsection (e); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection 
                (e).
            (3) In section 223(1)(B) (6 U.S.C. 143(1)(B)), by striking 
        ``and'' after the semicolon at the end.
            (4) In section 225 (6 U.S.C. 145), by striking subsections 
        (c) and (d).
            (5) In section 228A(c)(1)(C), by striking ``section 707'' 
        and inserting ``section 706''.
    (c) Title III.--Title III of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 181 et seq.) is amended as follows:
            (1) In section 302 (6 U.S.C. 182), by striking 
        ``biological,,'' each places it appears and inserting 
        ``biological,''.
            (2) By redesignating the second section 319 (relating to 
        EMP and GMD mitigation research and development) as section 
        320.
    (d) Title IV.--Title IV of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 201 et seq.) is amended as follows:
            (1) By redesignating section 402 (6 U.S.C. 202) as section 
        401.
            (2) In section 401(4), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``section 428'' and inserting ``section 426''.
            (3) By redesignating section 417 as section 416.
            (4) By redesignating section 427 (6 U.S.C. 235) as section 
        425.
            (5) In section 425, as so redesignated, by striking 
        subsection (c).
            (6) By redesignating section 428 (6 U.S.C. 236) as section 
        426.
            (7) In section 426, as so redesignated, in--
                    (A) in subsection (e), by striking paragraphs (7) 
                and (8);
                    (B) by striking subsections (g) and (h); and
                    (C) by redesignating subsection (i) as subsection 
                (g).
            (8) By redesignating section 429 (6 U.S.C. 237) as section 
        427.
            (9) By redesignating section 430 (6 U.S.C. 238) as section 
        428.
            (10) By striking section 431 (6 U.S.C. 239).
            (11) By redesignating section 432 (6 U.S.C. 240) as section 
        429.
            (12) By redesignating section 433 (6 U.S.C. 241) as section 
        430.
            (13) By amending the subtitle D heading to read as follows: 
        ``U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement''.
            (14) By striking section 445 (6 U.S.C. 255).
            (15) By striking section 446 (6 U.S.C. 256).
            (16) In the subtitle E heading, by inserting ``United 
        States'' before ``Citizenship and Immigration Services''.
            (17) In section 452 (6 U.S.C. 272)--
                    (A) by striking ``the Bureau of'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``United States''; and
                    (B) in subsection (f), in the subsection heading, 
                by striking ``Bureau of'' and inserting ``United 
                States''.
            (18) By striking section 453 (6 U.S.C. 273).
            (19) By striking section 455 (6 U.S.C. 271 note).
            (20) By striking section 456 (6 U.S.C. 275).
            (21) By striking section 459 (6 U.S.C. 276).
            (22) By striking section 460 (6 U.S.C. 277).
            (23) By striking section 461 (6 U.S.C. 278).
            (24) By redesignating section 462 (6 U.S.C. 279) as section 
        455.
            (25) In section 455, as so redesignated, in subsection 
        (b)(2)(A), in the matter preceding clause (i)--
                    (A) by striking ``the Bureau of Citizenship and 
                Immigration Services'' and inserting ``United States 
                Citizenship and Immigration Services''; and
                    (B) by striking ``Assistant Secretary of the Bureau 
                of Border Security'' and inserting ``Director of U.S. 
                Immigration and Customs Enforcement''.
            (26) By striking section 472 (6 U.S.C. 292).
            (27) By striking section 473 (6 U.S.C. 293).
            (28) By striking section 474 (6 U.S.C. 294).
            (29) By redesignating section 476 (6 U.S.C. 296) as section 
        472.
            (30) In section 472, as so redesignated--
                    (A) by striking ``the Bureau of Citizenship and 
                Immigration Services'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``United States Citizenship and Immigration 
                Services''; and
                    (B) by striking ``the Bureau of Border Security'' 
                each place it appears and inserting ``U.S. Immigration 
                and Customs Enforcement''.
            (31) By striking section 477 (6 U.S.C. 297).
            (32) By redesignating section 478 (6 U.S.C. 298) as section 
        473.
            (33) In section 473, as so redesignated--
                    (A) in the section heading, by inserting ``annual 
                report on'' before ``immigration'';
                    (B) by striking subsection (b); and
                    (C) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) by striking ``Report.--'' and all that 
                        follows through ``One year'' and inserting 
                        ``Report.--One year'';
                            (ii) by redesignating paragraph (2) as 
                        subsection (b) and moving such subsection two 
                        ems to left; and
                            (iii) in subsection (b), as so 
                        redesignated--
                                    (I) in the heading, by striking 
                                ``included'' and inserting 
                                ``Included''; and
                                    (II) by redesignating subparagraphs 
                                (A) through (H) as paragraphs (1) 
                                through (8), respectively, and moving 
                                such paragraphs two ems to the left.
    (e) Title V.--Title V of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 311 et seq.) is amended as follows:
            (1) In section 501 (6 U.S.C. 311)--
                    (A) in paragraph (8), by striking ``section 
                502(a)(6)'' and inserting ``section 504(a)(6)'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (9) through (14) as 
                paragraphs (10) through (15), respectively; and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (8) the following 
                new paragraph:
            ``(9) the term `Nuclear Incident Response Team' means a 
        resource that includes--
                    ``(A) those entities of the Department of Energy 
                that perform nuclear or radiological emergency support 
                functions (including accident response, search 
                response, advisory, and technical operations 
                functions), radiation exposure functions at the medical 
                assistance facility known as the Radiation Emergency 
                Assistance Center/Training Site (REAC/TS), radiological 
                assistance functions, and related functions; and
                    ``(B) those entities of the Environmental 
                Protection Agency that perform such support functions 
                (including radiological emergency response functions) 
                and related functions.''.
            (2) By striking section 502 (6 U.S.C. 312).
            (3) In section 504(a)(3)(B) (6 U.S.C. 314(a)(3)(B)), by 
        striking ``, the National Disaster Medical System,''.
            (4) In section 506(c) (6 U.S.C. 316(c)), by striking 
        ``section 708'' each place it appears and inserting ``section 
        707''.
            (5) In section 509(c)(2) (6 U.S.C. 319(c)(2)), in the 
        matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ``section 708'' 
        and inserting ``section 707''.
    (f) Title VI.--Section 601 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 331) is amended by striking ``Director of Central Intelligence'' 
each place it appears and inserting ``Director of National 
Intelligence''.
    (g) Title VII.--Title VII of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 341 et seq.) is amended as follows:
            (1) By striking section 706 (6 U.S.C. 346).
            (2) By redesignating section 707 (6 U.S.C. 347) as section 
        706.
            (3) By redesignating section 708 as section 707.
            (4) By redesignating section 709 (relating to the Office of 
        Strategy, Policy, and Plans) as section 708.
            (5) In section 708, as so redesignated, in subsection 
        (c)(3), by striking ``section 707'' and inserting ``section 
        706''.
    (h) Title VIII.--Title VIII of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 361 et seq.) is amended as follows:
            (1) By redesignating section 812 as section 811.
            (2) In section 811, as so redesignated--
                    (A) by striking subsections (a) and (c); and
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) by striking ``(as added by subsection 
                        (a) of this section)'' each place it appears;
                            (ii) by redesignating paragraphs (2) 
                        through (4) as subsections (b) through (d), 
                        respectively, and by moving such subsections, 
                        as so redesignated, two ems to the left;
                            (iii) in paragraph (1), by redesignating 
                        subparagraphs (A) and (B) as paragraphs (1) and 
                        (2), respectively, and by moving such 
                        paragraphs, as so redesignated, two ems to the 
                        left; and
                            (iv) by striking ``(b) Promulgation of 
                        Initial Guidelines.--'' and all that follows 
                        through ``In this subsection'' and inserting 
                        the following:
    ``(a) Definition.--In this section'';
                    (C) in subsection (b), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``In general'' and inserting ``In General'';
                    (D) in subsection (c), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``Minimum requirements'' and inserting 
                ``Minimum Requirements''; and
                    (E) in subsection (d), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``No lapse of authority'' and inserting ``No 
                Lapse of Authority''.
            (3) In section 843(b)(1)(B) (6 U.S.C. 413(b)(1)(B)), by 
        striking ``as determined by'' and all that follows through ``; 
        and'' and inserting ``as determined by the Secretary; and''.
            (4) By striking section 857 (6 U.S.C. 427).
            (5) By redesignating section 858 (6 U.S.C. 428) as section 
        857.
            (6) By striking section 872 (6 U.S.C. 452).
            (7) By striking section 881 (6 U.S.C. 461).
            (8) In section 892 (6 U.S.C. 482)--
                    (A) in subsection (b)(7), by striking ``Director of 
                Central Intelligence'' and inserting ``Director of 
                National Intelligence''; and
                    (B) in subsection (c)(3)(D), by striking ``Director 
                of Central Intelligence'' and inserting ``Director of 
                National Intelligence''.
            (9) By striking section 893 (6 U.S.C. 483).
            (10) By redesignating section 894 (6 U.S.C. 484) as section 
        893.
    (i) Title IX.--Section 903(a) of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 
(6 U.S.C. 493(a)) is amended in the subsection heading by striking 
``Members--'' and inserting ``Members.--''.
    (j) Title X.--Section 1001(c)(1) of the Homeland Security Act of 
2002 (6 U.S.C. 511(c)(1)) is amended by striking ``Director of Central 
Intelligence'' and inserting ``Director of National Intelligence''.
    (k) Title XV.--Title XV of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 541 et seq.) is amended as follows:
            (1) By striking section 1502 (6 U.S.C. 542).
            (2) By redesignating section 1503 (6 U.S.C. 543) as section 
        1502.
    (l) Title XVI.--Section 1611(d)(1) of the Homeland Security Act of 
2002 (6 U.S.C. 563(d)(1)) is amended by striking ``section 707'' and 
inserting ``section 706''.
    (m) Title XIX.--Section 1902(b)(3) of the Homeland Security Act of 
2002 (6 U.S.C. 592(b)(3)) is amended--
            (1) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``Hawaiian 
        native-serving'' and inserting ``Native hawaiian-serving''; and
            (2) by striking ``Hawaiian native-serving'' and inserting 
        ``Native Hawaiian-serving''.
    (n) Title XX.--Section 2021 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 611) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (c); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (c).
    (o) Table of Contents.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 101 note) is amended as 
follows:
            (1) By striking the items relating to sections 317, 319, 
        318, and 319 and inserting the following new items:

``Sec. 317. Promoting antiterrorism through international cooperation 
                            program.
``Sec. 318. Social media working group.
``Sec. 319. Transparency in research and development.
``Sec. 320. EMP and GMD mitigation research and development.''.
            (2) By striking the items relating to sections 401 and 402 
        and inserting the following new item:

``Sec. 401. Border, maritime, and transportation responsibilities.''.
            (3) By striking the item relating to section 417 and 
        inserting the following new item:

``Sec. 416. Allocation of resources by the Secretary.''.
            (4) By striking the items relating to sections 427 through 
        433 and inserting the following new items:

``Sec. 425. Coordination of information and information technology.
``Sec. 426. Visa issuance.
``Sec. 427. Information on visa denials required to be entered into 
                            electronic data system.
``Sec. 428. Office for Domestic Preparedness.
``Sec. 429. Border Enforcement Security Task Force.
``Sec. 430. Prevention of international child abduction.''.
            (5) By striking the items relating to sections 445 and 446.
            (6) By amending the item relating to subtitle E of title IV 
        to read as follows:

  ``Subtitle E--United States Citizenship and Immigration Services''.

            (7) By amending the item relating to section 451 to read as 
        follows:

``Sec. 451. Establishment of United States Citizenship and Immigration 
                            Services.''.
            (8) By striking the items relating to sections 455, 456, 
        459, 460, and 461 and inserting before the item relating to 
        section 457 the following new item:

``Sec. 455. Children's affairs.''.
            (9) By striking the items relating to sections 472 through 
        478 and inserting the following new items:

``Sec. 472. Separation of funding.
``Sec. 473. Annual report on immigration functions.''.
            (10) By striking the item relating to section 502.
            (11) By striking the item relating to section 524.
            (12) By striking the items relating to sections 706 through 
        709 and inserting the following new items:

``Sec. 706. Quadrennial Homeland Security Review.
``Sec. 707. Joint Task Forces.
``Sec. 708. Office of Strategy, Policy, and Plans.''.
            (13) By striking the items relating to sections 811 and 812 
        and inserting the following new item:

``Sec. 811. Law enforcement powers of Inspector General agents.''.
            (14) By striking the items relating to sections 857 and 858 
        and inserting the following new item:

``Sec. 857. Identification of new entrants into the Federal 
                            marketplace.''.
            (15) By striking the item relating to section 872.
            (16) By striking the item relating to section 881.
            (17) By striking the items relating to sections 893 and 894 
        and inserting the following new item:

``Sec. 893. Authorization of appropriations.''.
            (18) By striking the items relating to sections 1502 and 
        1503 and inserting the following new item:

``Sec. 1502. Review of congressional committee structures.''.

SEC. 1706. SAVINGS CLAUSE.

    Nothing in this Act shall be construed as providing the Department 
of Homeland Security or any of its components, agencies, or programs 
with real property authority, including with respect to leases, 
construction, or other acquisitions and disposals.

          DIVISION B--U.S. IMMIGRATION AND CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT

SEC. 2001. SHORT TITLE.

    This division may be cited as the ``Immigration and Customs 
Enforcement Authorization Act of 2017''.

SEC. 2002. ESTABLISHMENT OF U.S. IMMIGRATION AND CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT.

    (a) In General.--Section 442 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 
(6 U.S.C. 252) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 442. ESTABLISHMENT OF U.S. IMMIGRATION AND CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT.

    ``(a) Establishment.--There is established within the Department an 
agency to be known as `U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement'.
    ``(b) Director of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement.--There 
shall be at the head of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement a 
Director of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (in this section 
referred to as the `Director').
    ``(c) Duties and Qualifications.--The Director shall--
            ``(1) have a minimum five years--
                    ``(A) professional experience in law enforcement 
                (which may include enforcement of the immigration laws, 
                as defined in section 101(a)(17) of the Immigration and 
                Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(17)) or the customs 
                and trade laws of the United States, as defined in 
                section 2 of the Trade Facilitation and Trade 
                Enforcement Act of 2015 (19 U.S.C. 4301)); and
                    ``(B) management experience;
            ``(2) identify, arrest, detain and seek the removal of 
        inadmissible and deportable aliens and otherwise enforce the 
        immigration laws (as defined in section 101(a)(17) of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(17))), other 
        than through criminal prosecutions;
            ``(3) investigate and, where appropriate, refer for 
        prosecution, any criminal or civil violation of Federal law 
        relating to or involving--
                    ``(A) the immigration laws (as defined in section 
                101(a)(17) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
                U.S.C. 1101(a)(17)));
                    ``(B) border control and security, including the 
                prevention of the entry or residence of terrorists, 
                criminals, and human rights violators;
                    ``(C) the customs and trade laws of the United 
                States, as defined in section 2 of the Trade 
                Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015 (19 
                U.S.C. 4301);
                    ``(D) the import or export of merchandise, 
                including the illicit possession, movement of, or trade 
                in goods, services, property, arms, instruments of 
                terrorism, items controlled or prohibited from export, 
                child exploitation, intellectual property, or currency 
                or other monetary instruments;
                    ``(E) bulk cash smuggling or other financial crimes 
                with a cross border or international nexus;
                    ``(F) transnational gang activity;
                    ``(G) chapter 40 or 44 of title 18, United States 
                Code, or other violation relating to firearms, 
                explosives, or other destructive devices involving an 
                alien;
                    ``(H) severe forms of trafficking in persons, as 
                defined in section 103 of the Trafficking Victims 
                Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102);
                    ``(I) the production, procurement, counterfeiting, 
                alteration, or use of fraudulent immigration documents 
                or fraudulently obtaining immigration benefits;
                    ``(J) unlawful use of personal information, 
                including immigration document fraud, when such use 
                relates to or affects border security, terrorism, 
                customs, immigration, naturalization, trade, travel, or 
                transportation security;
                    ``(K) drug laws, as specified in the Controlled 
                Substance Act and the Controlled Substance Import and 
                Export Act in the context of cross-border criminal 
                activity; or
                    ``(L) fraud or false statements relating to or 
                involving any matter specified in this paragraph.
            ``(4) administer the National Intellectual Property Rights 
        Coordination Center established in section 305 of the Trade 
        Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015 (Public Law 114-
        125; 19 U.S.C. 4344);
            ``(5) jointly with the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and 
        Border Protection, develop and submit the joint strategic plan 
        required under section 105 of the Trade Facilitation and Trade 
        Enforcement Act of 2015 (Public Law 114-125; 19 U.S.C. 4314);
            ``(6) coordinate with Federal, State, local, tribal, and 
        foreign agencies in carrying out the duties described in 
        paragraphs (2) and (3);
            ``(7) in coordination with the Department of State and the 
        Office of International Affairs of the Department, establish 
        staff liaison offices and vetted units in appropriate foreign 
        countries to support the counterterrorism efforts and other 
        international activities including investigations and 
        repatriation efforts;
            ``(8) assign employees of the Department to diplomatic and 
        consular posts, in coordination with the Secretary, pursuant to 
        section 426(e);
            ``(9) establish, maintain, and administer appropriate 
        interagency law enforcement centers in furtherance of the 
        Director's statutory duties, including interagency centers, in 
        accordance with applicable law, or as prescribed by the 
        Secretary;
            ``(10) administer the Border Enforcement Security Task 
        Force established under section 429;
            ``(11) operate the Cyber Crimes Center established in 
        section 890A;
            ``(12) in carrying out paragraph (3), administer internal 
        conspiracy investigations at United States ports of entry; and
            ``(13) carry out other duties and powers prescribed by law, 
        or delegated by the Secretary.
    ``(d) General Enforcement Powers.--The Director may authorize 
agents and officers of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement to--
            ``(1) carry out the duties and responsibilities authorized 
        under sections 287 and 274A of the Immigration and Nationality 
        Act (8 U.S.C. 1357 and 8 U.S.C. 1324(a)) and section 589 of the 
        Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1589a);
            ``(2) offer and pay rewards for services and information 
        leading to the apprehension of persons involved in the 
        violation or attempted violation of those provisions of law 
        which United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement is 
        authorized by statute to enforce;
            ``(3) conduct undercover investigative operations pursuant 
        to section 294 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
        1363a), and section 3131 of the Customs Enforcement Act of 1986 
        (19 U.S.C. 2081; enacted as part of the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 
        1986); and
            ``(4) carry out other duties and responsibilities provided 
        under the laws of the United States.
    ``(e) Deputy Director.--There shall be a Deputy Director of United 
States U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement who shall assist the 
Director in managing U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement and who 
shall assist the Director in carrying out the Directors duties.
    ``(f) Office of Homeland Security Investigations.--
            ``(1) In general.--There is established in U.S. Immigration 
        and Customs Enforcement an Office of Homeland Security 
        Investigations.
            ``(2) Executive associate director.--There shall be at the 
        head of the Office of Homeland Security Investigations an 
        Executive Associate Director, who shall report to the Director.
            ``(3) Duties.--The Office of Homeland Security 
        Investigations shall--
                    ``(A) serve as the law enforcement office of U.S. 
                Immigration and Customs Enforcement with a primary 
                responsibility to conduct investigations of terrorist 
                organizations and other criminal organizations that 
                threaten homeland or border security;
                    ``(B) serve as the law enforcement office of U.S. 
                Immigration and Customs Enforcement with responsibility 
                to conduct investigations of, and, where appropriate, 
                refer for prosecution, any criminal or civil violation 
                of Federal law, including--
                            ``(i) money laundering offenses with a 
                        cross-border nexus;
                            ``(ii) bulk cash smuggling with a cross-
                        border nexus;
                            ``(iii) commercial fraud with a cross-
                        border nexus and intellectual property theft;
                            ``(iv) cybercrimes;
                            ``(v) human smuggling and human trafficking 
                        as defined in section 103 of the Trafficking 
                        Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102) 
                        , and human rights violations as defined by 28 
                        U.S.C. 509B(e);
                            ``(vi) narcotics and weapons smuggling and 
                        trafficking;
                            ``(vii) export violations;
                            ``(viii) international art and antiquity 
                        theft;
                            ``(ix) identity and benefits fraud, as 
                        those terms are defined in title 8 and title 
                        18, United States Code, relating to or 
                        involving any matter specified in this 
                        subparagraph; and
                            ``(x) any other criminal or civil violation 
                        prescribed by law or delegated by the Director;
                    ``(C) administer the program to collect information 
                relating to nonimmigrant foreign students and other 
                exchange program participants described in section 641 
                of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant 
                Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1372), including 
                the Student and Exchange Visitor Information System 
                established under such section, and use such 
                information to carry out the enforcement functions of 
                United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement;
                    ``(D) administer a National Export Enforcement 
                Coordination Center, which shall serve as the primary 
                information sharing forum within the Federal Government 
                to coordinate, promote, and assist Federal and 
                international investigations of export control 
                offenses;
                    ``(E) conduct investigations of alleged violations 
                of, and make arrests under, section 274A of the 
                Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1324a), 
                including referring for prosecution, or levying 
                monetary penalties against, an employer found to be in 
                violation of such section, and administratively 
                arresting, and initiating removal proceeding against, 
                an alien unlawfully employed;
                    ``(F) administer a Human Smuggling and Trafficking 
                Center, which shall serve as the primary information 
                sharing forum within the Federal Government to 
                coordinate, promote, and assist Federal and 
                international investigations in human smuggling and 
                trafficking investigations;
                    ``(G) administer the Bulk Cash Smuggling Center, 
                which shall serve to investigate domestic and 
                international bulk cash smuggling activities and 
                support law enforcement in efforts to investigate and 
                restrict bulk cash smuggling;
                    ``(H) investigate and refer for prosecution public 
                safety matters involving (to the extent provided in 
                subsection (b)(4))--
                            ``(i) large-scale operations prosecuted 
                        pursuant to chapter 96 (relating to racketeer 
                        influenced and corrupt organizations) of title 
                        18, United States Code; and
                            ``(ii) the smuggling into, and sale within, 
                        the United States of weapons; and
                    ``(I) carry out other duties and powers prescribed 
                by the Director.
    ``(g) Office of Enforcement and Removal Operations.--
            ``(1) In general.--There is established in U.S. Immigration 
        and Customs Enforcement an Office of Enforcement and Removal 
        Operations.
            ``(2) Executive associate director.--There shall be at the 
        head of the Office of Enforcement and Removal Operations an 
        Executive Associate Director, who shall report to the Director.
            ``(3) Duties.--The Office of Enforcement and Removal 
        Operations shall--
                    ``(A) serve as the law enforcement office of U.S. 
                Immigration and Customs Enforcement with primary 
                responsibility to enforce the civil immigration and 
                nationality laws of the United States;
                    ``(B) identify, locate, arrest, detain, and seek 
                the removal of aliens in custodial settings or at-
                large, and remove aliens ordered removed, who--
                            ``(i) are inadmissible or deportable under 
                        sections 212(a)(3) or 237(a)(4) of the 
                        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
                        1182(a)(3) or 1227(a)(4)), or otherwise present 
                        a national security risk to the United States;
                            ``(ii) are inadmissible or deportable under 
                        sections 212(a)(2) or 237(a)(2) of the 
                        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
                        1182(a)(2) or 1227(a)(2));
                            ``(iii) undermine the border security 
                        efforts and operations of the United States;
                            ``(iv) enter the United States in violation 
                        of Federal law;
                            ``(v) are unlawfully present in the United 
                        States;
                            ``(vi) are members of a criminal gang or 
                        participate in gang-related crimes, except as 
                        described in subsection (f)(3);
                            ``(vii) constitute threats to the public 
                        safety; or
                            ``(viii) are otherwise subject to 
                        exclusion, deportation, or removal from the 
                        United States.
                    ``(C) refer for prosecution aliens described in 
                subparagraph (B) or section 922(g)(5) of title 18, 
                United States Code;
                    ``(D) have custody (and the authority to release) 
                over aliens detained for potential exclusion, 
                deportation, or removal from the United States, manage 
                the administrative immigration detention operations of 
                U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and provide 
                necessary, and appropriate medical care to detained 
                aliens in the custody of the agency;
                    ``(E) plan, coordinate, and manage the execution of 
                exclusion, deportation, and removal orders issued to 
                aliens;
                    ``(F) investigate and refer for prosecution a civil 
                or criminal violation of the immigration laws or an 
                offense described in section 287(a)(5) of the 
                Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1357(a)(5)); 
                and
                    ``(G) carry out other duties and powers as 
                prescribed by the Director.
    ``(h) Office of the Principal Legal Advisor.--
            ``(1) In general.--There is established in U.S. Immigration 
        and Customs Enforcement an Office of the Principal Legal 
        Advisor.
            ``(2) Principal legal advisor.--There shall be at the head 
        of the Office the Principal Legal Advisor a Principal Legal 
        Advisor.
            ``(3) Duties.--The office of the Principal Legal Advisor 
        shall--
                    ``(A) provide specialized legal advice and policy 
                guidance to the Director;
                    ``(B) represent the Department in all exclusion, 
                deportation, and removal proceedings before the 
                Executive Office for Immigration Review;
                    ``(C) represent U.S. Immigration and Customs 
                Enforcement in venues and fora as authorized by the 
                Director or General Counsel of the Department of 
                Homeland Security, or otherwise permitted by law; and
                    ``(D) carry out other duties and powers as 
                prescribed by the Director.
    ``(i) Office of Professional Responsibility.--
            ``(1) In general.--There is established in U.S. Immigration 
        and Customs Enforcement an Office of Professional 
        Responsibility.
            ``(2) Assistant director.--There shall be at the head of 
        the Office of Professional Responsibility an Assistant 
        Director, who shall report to the Director.
            ``(3) Duties.--The Office of Professional Responsibility 
        shall--
                    ``(A) investigate allegations of administrative, 
                civil, and criminal misconduct involving any employee 
                or contractor of U.S. Immigration and Customs 
                Enforcement;
                    ``(B) inspect and review United States Immigration 
                and Customs Enforcement's offices, operations, and 
                processes, including detention facilities operated or 
                used by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and 
                provide an independent review of United States 
                Immigration and Custom Enforcement's organizational 
                health, effectiveness, and efficiency of mission;
                    ``(C) provide and manage the security programs and 
                operations for U.S. Immigration and Customs 
                Enforcement; and
                    ``(D) carry out other duties and powers as 
                prescribed by the Director.
    ``(j) Office of Management and Administration.--
            ``(1) In general.--There is established in U.S. Immigration 
        and Customs Enforcement an Office of Management and 
        Administration.
            ``(2) Executive associate director.--There shall be at the 
        head of the Office of Management and Administration an 
        Executive Associate Director, who shall report to the Director.
            ``(3) Duties.--The Office of Management and Administration 
        shall--
                    ``(A) administer the Office of Human Capital to 
                provide guidance to the agency and ensure compliance 
                with human resources policies and practices;
                    ``(B) administer the Office of Chief Financial 
                Officer;
                    ``(C) administer the Office of Policy to develop 
                and communicate the agency policies and priorities;
                    ``(D) create best practices to efficiently respond 
                to all Freedom of Information Act requests received by 
                the agency;
                    ``(E) manage all information technology systems 
                within the agency; and
                    ``(F) carry out additional duties as assigned or 
                delegated by the Director.
    ``(k) Departmental Evidence Databases.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of this Act, any officer within the Office of Enforcement and 
Removal Operations engaged in the duties of that office under 
subsection (f)(3)(C) or (f)(3)(F) shall be provided access, in 
connection to such duties, to databases necessary for the proper 
collection, recordation, and retention of any evidence collected.
    ``(l) Other Authorities.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may establish such other 
        Executive Associate Directors, or other similar positions or 
        officials, as the secretary determines necessary to carry out 
        the missions, duties, functions, and authorities of U.S. 
        Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
            ``(2) Notification.--If the Secretary exercises the 
        authority provided pursuant to paragraph (1), the Secretary 
        shall notify the Committee on the Judiciary and the Committee 
        on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on the Judiciary and the Committee on Homeland 
        Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate not later than 
        30 days before exercising such authority.
    ``(m) Other Federal Agencies.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed as affecting or limiting in any manner the authority, as in 
existence on the day before the date of the enactment of this section, 
of any other Federal agency or other component of the Department.''.
    (b) Special Rules.--
            (1) Treatment.--Section 442 of the Homeland Security Act of 
        2002, as amended by subsection (a) of this section, shall be 
        treated as if included in such Act as of the date of the 
        enactment of such Act. In addition to the functions, missions, 
        duties, and authorities specified in such amended section 442, 
        U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement shall continue to 
        perform and carry out the functions, missions, duties, and 
        authorities under section 442 of such Act as in existence on 
        the day before such date of enactment (notwithstanding the 
        treatment described in this paragraph).
            (2) Rules of construction.--
                    (A) Rules and regulations.--Notwithstanding the 
                treatment described in paragraph (1), nothing in this 
                division may be construed as affecting in any manner 
                any rule or regulation issued or promulgated pursuant 
                to any provision of law, including section 442 of the 
                Homeland Security Act of 2002, as in existence on the 
                day before the date of the enactment of this division, 
                and any such rule or regulation shall continue to have 
                full force and effect on and after such date.
                    (B) Other actions.--Notwithstanding the treatment 
                described in paragraph (1), nothing in this division 
                may be construed as affecting in any manner any action, 
                determination, policy, or decision pursuant to section 
                442 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 as in 
                existence on the day before the date of the enactment 
                of this division, and any such action, determination, 
                policy, or decision shall continue to have full force 
                and effect on and after such date.
    (c) Continuation in Office.--
            (1) Director.--The individual serving as the Director of 
        U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement on the day before the 
        date of the enactment of this division (notwithstanding the 
        treatment described in subsection (b)(1)) may serve as the 
        Director of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement in 
        accordance with section 442 of the Homeland Security Act of 
        2002, as amended by subsection (a), until the earlier of--
                    (A) the date on which such individual is no longer 
                eligible to serve as Director; or
                    (B) the date on which a person nominated by the 
                President to be the Director is confirmed by the Senate 
                in accordance with such section 441.
            (2) Other positions.--The individuals serving as the Deputy 
        Director, Executive Associate Directors, Deputy Executive 
        Associate Directors, or similar officers or officials of U.S. 
        Immigration and Customs Enforcement under section 442 of the 
        Homeland Security Act of 2002 on the day before the date of the 
        enactment of this division (notwithstanding the treatment 
        described in subsection (b)(1)) may serve as the appropriate 
        Deputy Director, Executive Associate Directors, Deputy 
        Executive Associate Directors, Associate Directors, Deputy 
        Associate Directors, Assistant Directors, and other officers 
        and officials under section 442 of such Act, as amended by 
        subsection (a), unless the Director of U.S. Immigration and 
        Customs Enforcement determines that another individual should 
        hold such position.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is amended by striking the item 
relating to section 442 and inserting the following:

``Sec. 442. Establishment of U.S. Immigration and Customs 
                            Enforcement.''.
    (d) Transportation.--Section 1344(b)(6) of title 31, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting ``the Director of U.S. Immigration and 
Customs Enforcement, the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border 
Protection,'' after ``the Administrator of the Drug Enforcement 
Administration,''.
    (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this Act or the amendments 
made by this Act may be construed as creating any new ground for 
removal under the immigration laws (as such term is defined in section 
101(a)(17) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
1101(a)(17))).
    (f) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that a primary 
mission of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement is to enforce the 
full range of immigration laws within the interior of the United 
States.
    (g) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Title 5.--Section 5314 of title 5, United States Code, 
        is amended by inserting after ``Director of the Bureau of 
        Citizenship and Immigration Services.'' the following new item: 
        ``Director of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement.''.
            (2) Inspector general act of 1978.--Section 8I(e) of the 
        Inspector General Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.) is amended by 
        striking ``the Bureau of Border Security,'' and inserting 
        ``United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement,''.
            (3) Trade facilitation and trade enforcement act of 2015.--
        Paragraph (2) of section 802(d) of the Trade Facilitation and 
        Trade Enforcement Act of 2015 (Public Law 114-125) is amended 
        by inserting before the period at the end of the following: 
        ``or the Director of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, 
        as determined by the Secretary of Homeland Security''.
            (4) Homeland security act of 2002.--Title IV of the 
        Homeland Security Act of 2002 is amended--
                    (A) in subtitle C--
                            (i) in subsection (e) of section 426 (as 
                        redesignated in section 1705 of this Act), by 
                        adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(9) Delegated authority.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, the Secretary shall act through the Director of 
        U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement.''; and
                            (ii) in section 429 (as redesignated in 
                        section 1705 of this Act)--
                                    (I) by redesignating subsection (e) 
                                as subsection (f); and
                                    (II) by inserting after subsection 
                                (d) the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Administration.--The Director of U.S. Immigration and Customs 
Enforcement shall administer BEST units established under this 
section.''; and
                    (B) in subtitle E, in subsection (a)(2)(C) of 
                section 451 (6 U.S.C. 271), by striking ``at the same 
                level as the Assistant Secretary of the Bureau of 
                Border Security'' and inserting ``in accordance with 
                section 5314 of title 5, United States Code''; and
    (h) Clerical Amendments.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
such Act is amended by striking the item relating to subtitle D of 
title IV and inserting the following new item:

       ``Subtitle D--U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement''.

     DIVISION C--UNITED STATES CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES

SEC. 3001. SHORT TITLE.

    This division may be cited as the ``United States Citizenship and 
Immigration Services Authorization Act''.

SEC. 3002. ESTABLISHMENT OF UNITED STATES CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION 
              SERVICES.

    (a) In General.--Section 451 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 
(6 U.S.C. 271) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 451. ESTABLISHMENT OF UNITED STATES CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION 
              SERVICES.

    ``(a) Establishment.--There is established within the Department an 
agency to be known as `United States Citizenship and Immigration 
Services'.
    ``(b) Director of United States Citizenship and Immigration 
Services.--There shall be at the head of United States Citizenship and 
Immigration Services a Director of United States Citizenship and 
Immigration Services (in this section referred to as the `Director').
    ``(c) Qualifications and Duties.--The Director shall--
            ``(1) have at least 5 years of management experience;
            ``(2) establish the policies and priorities of United 
        States Citizenship and Immigration Services;
            ``(3) advise the Secretary of any policy or operation that 
        affects, in a significant manner, the mission of another 
        Department component;
            ``(4) meet regularly with the U.S. Citizenship and 
        Immigration Services Ombudsman (established in section 452).
            ``(5) carry out--
                    ``(A) the adjudication of immigrant and 
                nonimmigrant visa applications and petitions;
                    ``(B) the adjudication of naturalization 
                applications;
                    ``(C) the adjudication of asylum and refugee 
                applications;
                    ``(D) adjudications performed at service centers; 
                and
                    ``(E) all other adjudications formerly performed 
                pursuant to this section by the Immigration and 
                Naturalization Service or the Bureau of Citizenship and 
                Immigration Services, on the day before the date of the 
                enactment of the United States Citizenship and 
                Immigration Services Authorization Act; and
            ``(6) carry out other duties and powers prescribed by law 
        or delegated by the Secretary.
    ``(d) Deputy Director.--There shall be a Deputy Director of United 
States Citizenship and Immigration Services who shall assist the 
Director in managing United States Citizenship and Immigration Services 
and who shall assist the Director in carrying out the Directors duties.
    ``(e) Office of the Chief Counsel.--
            ``(1) In general.--There is established within United 
        States Citizenship and Immigration Services an Office of the 
        Chief Counsel.
            ``(2) Chief counsel.--There shall be at the head of the 
        Office of the Chief Counsel a Chief Counsel.
            ``(3) Duties.--The Office of the Chief Counsel shall--
                    ``(A) provide specialized legal advice, opinions, 
                determinations, and other assistance to the Director 
                with respect to legal matters affecting United States 
                Citizenship and Immigration Services;
                    ``(B) represent United States Citizenship and 
                Immigration Services in visa petition appeal 
                proceedings when applicable; and
                    ``(C) carry out other duties and powers prescribed 
                by law or delegated by the Director.
    ``(f) Office of Policy and Strategy.--
            ``(1) In general.--There is established within United 
        States Citizenship and Immigration Services an Office of Policy 
        and Strategy.
            ``(2) Chief.--There shall be at the head of the Office of 
        Policy and Strategy a Chief.
            ``(3) Duties.--The Office of Policy and Strategy shall--
                    ``(A) develop policy recommendations for the 
                Director;
                    ``(B) coordinate strategy for policy 
                implementation; and
                    ``(C) carry out other duties and powers prescribed 
                by law or delegated by the Director.
    ``(g) Office of Citizenship.--
            ``(1) In general.--There is established within United 
        States Citizenship and Immigration Services an Office of 
        Citizenship.
            ``(2) Chief.--There shall be at the head of the Office of 
        Citizenship a Chief.
            ``(3) Duties.--The Office of Citizenship shall--
                    ``(A) promote instruction and training on 
                citizenship responsibilities, as well as assimilation 
                and civic integration, for eligible aliens who are 
                interested in becoming naturalized citizens of the 
                United States; and
                    ``(B) carry out other duties and powers prescribed 
                by law or delegated by the Director.
    ``(h) Fraud Detection and National Security Directorate.--
            ``(1) In general.--There is established within United 
        States Citizenship and Immigration Services a Fraud Detection 
        and National Security Directorate.
            ``(2) Associate director.--There shall be at the head of 
        the Fraud Detection and National Security Directorate an 
        Associate Director who shall report to the Director.
            ``(3) Duties.--The Fraud Detection and National Security 
        Directorate Office of Citizenship shall in a manner that is 
        consistent with the immigration laws (as such term is defined 
        in section 101(a)(17) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
        U.S.C. 1101(a)(17)))--
                    ``(A) seek to prevent immigration benefits from 
                being granted to individuals who pose a threat to 
                national security or public safety;
                    ``(B) seek to prevent immigration benefits from 
                being granted to individuals who defraud the 
                immigration system;
                    ``(C) conduct security and background 
                investigations of applicants for immigration benefits 
                and develop systems and techniques for identifying and 
                preventing immigration benefits fraud;
                    ``(D) investigate and refer to U.S. Immigration and 
                Customs Enforcement, where appropriate, incidents of 
                known or suspected fraud; and
                    ``(E) carry out other duties and powers prescribed 
                by law or delegated by the Director.
    ``(i) Immigration Records and Identity Services Directorate.--
            ``(1) In general.--There is established within United 
        States Citizenship and Immigration Services an Immigration 
        Records and Identity Services Directorate.
            ``(2) Associate director.--There shall be at the head of 
        the Immigration Records and Identity Services Directorate an 
        Associate Director who shall report to the Director.
            ``(3) Duties.--The Immigration Records and Identity 
        Services Directorate shall--
                    ``(A) manage the operation of an employment 
                eligibility verification system as provided for by 
                section 404 of the Illegal Immigration and Immigrant 
                Responsibility Act of 1996 (U.S.C. 1324a note) or any 
                successor provision;
                    ``(B) manage the operation of the Systematic Alien 
                Verification for Entitlements Program, or its successor 
                program, designed to assist Federal, State, and local 
                benefit-issuing agencies, institutions, and licensing 
                agencies in determining the immigration status of 
                benefit applicants so only those legally entitled to 
                benefits receive them;
                    ``(C) manage the biometric services, including the 
                collection and dissemination of biometric information, 
                provided to United States Citizenship and Immigration 
                Services components;
                    ``(D) manage immigration records and provide 
                information regarding such records to stakeholders; and
                    ``(E) carry out other duties and powers prescribed 
                by law or delegated by the Director.
    ``(j) Field Operations Directorate.--
            ``(1) In general.--There is established within United 
        States Citizenship and Immigration Services a Field Operations 
        Directorate.
            ``(2) Associate director.--There shall be at the head of 
        the Field Operations Directorate an Associate Director who 
        shall report to the Director.
            ``(3) Duties.--The Field Operations Directorate shall--
                    ``(A) oversee all field offices;
                    ``(B) oversee the adjudication of immigration 
                benefits applications and petitions, and naturalization 
                applications;
                    ``(C) conduct interviews for pending immigration 
                benefits applications and petitions;
                    ``(D) conduct naturalization ceremonies;
                    ``(E) conduct required security and background 
                security checks for pending applications and petitions;
                    ``(F) ensure the integrity of immigration benefit 
                processing that occurs at the field offices; and
                    ``(G) carry out other duties and powers prescribed 
                by law or delegated by the Director.
    ``(k) Refugee, Asylum, and International Operations Directorate.--
            ``(1) In general.--There is established within United 
        States Citizenship and Immigration Services a Refugee, Asylum, 
        and International Operations Directorate.
            ``(2) Associate director.--There shall be at the head of 
        the Refugee, Asylum, and International Operations Directorate 
        an Associate Director who shall report to the Director.
            ``(3) Duties.--The Refugee, Asylum, and International 
        Operations Directorate shall--
                    ``(A) oversee refugee application adjudication and 
                interviews;
                    ``(B) oversee asylum application adjudication and 
                interviews;
                    ``(C) seek to ensure the integrity of application 
                processing that occurs under the Refugee, Asylum and 
                International Operations Directorate's authority;
                    ``(D) perform other authorized functions of United 
                States Citizenship and Immigration Services outside of 
                the United States, such as those associated with 
                international adoptions and naturalization of members 
                the Armed Forces; and
                    ``(E) carry out other duties and powers prescribed 
                by law or delegated by the Director.
    ``(l) Service Center Operations Directorate.--
            ``(1) In general.--There is established within United 
        States Citizenship and Immigration Services a Service Center 
        Operations Directorate.
            ``(2) Associate director.--There shall be at the head of 
        the Service Center Operations Directorate an Associate Director 
        who shall report to the Director.
            ``(3) Duties.--The Service Center Operations Directorate 
        shall--
                    ``(A) oversee and manage all Service Centers;
                    ``(B) oversee the adjudication of immigration 
                benefit applications and petitions that occur at 
                Service Centers;
                    ``(C) seek to ensure the integrity of immigration 
                benefits processing that occurs at the Service Centers; 
                and
                    ``(D) carry out other duties and powers prescribed 
                by law or delegated by the Director.
    ``(m) Management Directorate.--
            ``(1) In general.--There is established within United 
        States Citizenship and Immigration Services a Management 
        Directorate.
            ``(2) Associate director.--There shall be at the head of 
        the Management Directorate an Associate Director who shall 
        report to the Director.
            ``(3) Duties.--The Management Directorate shall carry out 
        management duties and powers prescribed by law or delegated by 
        the Director.
    ``(n) Office of Professional Responsibility.--
            ``(1) In general.--There is established within United 
        States Citizenship and Immigration Services an Office of 
        Professional Responsibility.
            ``(2) Chief.--There shall be at the head of the Office of 
        Professional Responsibility a Chief who shall report to the 
        Director.
            ``(3) Duties.--The Office of Professional Responsibility 
        shall--
                    ``(A) seek to ensure compliance with all United 
                States Citizenship and Immigration Services programs 
                and policies relating to corruption, misconduct, or 
                mismanagement;
                    ``(B) investigate allegations of administrative, 
                civil, and criminal misconduct involving any employee 
                or contractor of United States Citizenship and 
                Immigration Services; and
                    ``(C) carry out other duties and powers prescribed 
                by law or delegated by the Director.
    ``(o) Other Authorities.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may establish such other 
        Associate Directors, or other similar positions or officials, 
        as the Secretary determines necessary to carry out the 
        missions, duties, functions, and authorities of United States 
        Citizenship and Immigration Services.
            ``(2) Notification.--If the Secretary exercises the 
        authority provided pursuant to paragraph (1), the Secretary 
        shall notify the Committee on the Judiciary and the Committee 
        on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on the Judiciary and the Committee on Homeland 
        Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate not later than 
        30 days prior to the exercise of such authority.''.
    (b) Special Rules.--
            (1) Treatment.--Section 451 of the Homeland Security Act of 
        2002 (6 U.S.C. 271), as amended by subsection (a) of this 
        section, shall be treated as if included in such Act as of the 
        date of the enactment of such Act. In addition to the 
        functions, missions, duties, and authorities specified in such 
        amended section 451, United States Citizenship and Immigration 
        Services shall continue to perform and carry out the functions, 
        missions, duties, and authorities under section 451 of such Act 
        as in existence on the day before such date of enactment 
        (notwithstanding the treatment described in this paragraph).
            (2) Rules of construction.--
                    (A) Rules and regulations.--Notwithstanding the 
                treatment described in paragraph (1), nothing in this 
                division may be construed as affecting in any manner 
                any rule or regulation issued or promulgated pursuant 
                to any provision of law, including section 451 of the 
                Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 271), as in 
                existence on the day before the date of the enactment 
                of this division, and any such rule or regulation shall 
                continue to have full force and effect on and after 
                such date.
                    (B) Other actions.--Notwithstanding the treatment 
                described in paragraph (1), nothing in this division 
                may be construed as affecting in any manner any action, 
                determination, policy, or decision pursuant to section 
                451 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 271) 
                as in existence on the day before the date of the 
                enactment of this division, and any such action, 
                determination, policy, or decision shall continue to 
                have full force and effect on and after such date.
    (c) Continuation in Office.--
            (1) Director.--The individual serving as Director of United 
        States Citizenship and Immigration Services on the day before 
        the date of the enactment of this division may, notwithstanding 
        the treatment provision under paragraph (1) of subsection (b), 
        continue to serve as the Director of United States Citizenship 
        and Immigration Services on and after such date of enactment in 
        accordance with section 451 of the Homeland Security Act of 
        2002 (6 U.S.C. 271), as amended by subsection (a) of this 
        section, until the earlier of--
                    (A) the date on which such individual is no longer 
                eligible to serve as Director; or
                    (B) the date on which a person nominated by the 
                President to be the Director is confirmed by the Senate 
                in accordance with such amended section 451.
            (2) Other positions.--The individuals serving as Chiefs, 
        Associate Directors and other officers and officials under 
        section 451 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 271) 
        on the day before the date of the enactment of this division 
        may, notwithstanding the treatment provision under paragraph 
        (1) of subsection (b), serve as the appropriate Chiefs, 
        Assistant Directors and other officers and officials under such 
        section 451 as amended by subsection (a) of this section unless 
        the Director of United States Citizenship and Immigration 
        Services determines that another individual should hold such 
        position.
    (d) References.--
            (1) Title 5.--Section 5314 of title 5, United States Code, 
        is amended by striking ``Director of the Bureau of Citizenship 
        and Immigration Services'' and inserting ``Director of United 
        States Citizenship and Immigration Services, Department of 
        Homeland Security''.
            (2) Other references.--On and after the date of the 
        enactment of this division, any reference in any other Federal 
        law, Executive order, rule, regulation, or delegation of 
        authority to the ``Director of the Bureau of Citizenship and 
        Immigration Services'' or the ``Bureau of Citizenship and 
        Immigration Services'' shall be deemed to be a reference to the 
        Director of United States Citizenship and Immigration Services 
        or United States Citizenship and Immigration Services, 
        respectively.
    (e) Employee Discipline.--Section 454 of the Homeland Security Act 
of 2002 is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 454. EMPLOYEE DISCIPLINE.

    ``Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary may 
impose disciplinary action on any employee of United States Citizenship 
and Immigration Services who knowingly deceives Congress or agency 
leadership on any matter.''.
    (f) Combination Prohibition.--
            (1) In general.--Section 471 of the Homeland Security Act 
        of 2002 is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 471. COMBINATION PROHIBITION.

    ``The authority provided by section 1502 may be used to reorganize 
functions or organizational units within U.S. Immigration and Customs 
Enforcement or United States Citizenship and Immigration Services, but 
may not be used to combine the two components into a single agency or 
otherwise to combine, join, or consolidate functions or organizational 
units of the two components with each other.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents in section 
        1(b) of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is amended by 
        amending the item relating to section 471 to read as follows:

``Sec. 471. Combination prohibition.''.

                DIVISION D--UNITED STATES SECRET SERVICE

SEC. 4001. SHORT TITLE.

    This division may be cited as the ``Secret Service Reauthorization 
Act of 2017''.

SEC. 4002. PRESIDENTIAL APPOINTMENT OF DIRECTOR OF THE SECRET SERVICE.

    Section 3056 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end:
    ``(h) The Director of the Secret Service shall be appointed by the 
President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The 
Director of the Secret Service is the head of the Secret Service.''.

SEC. 4003. RESTRICTED BUILDING OR GROUNDS.

    Section 1752(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``or'' at the end; and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
            ``(5) knowingly, and with the intent to enter a restricted 
        building or grounds, causes any object to enter any restricted 
        building or grounds, when, or so that, such object, in fact, 
        impedes or disrupts the orderly conduct of government business 
        or official functions;''.

SEC. 4004. THREATS AGAINST FORMER VICE PRESIDENTS.

    Section 879(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (4), by striking ``section 3056(a)(6);'' 
        and inserting ``paragraph (6) or (8) of section 3056(a); or''; 
        and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
            ``(5) a person protected by the Secret Service under a 
        Presidential memorandum;''.

SEC. 4005. INCREASED TRAINING.

    Beginning in the first full fiscal year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Director of the Secret Service shall increase the 
annual number of hours spent training by officers and agents of the 
Secret Service, including officers of the United States Secret Service 
Uniformed Division established under section 3056A of title 18, United 
States Code and agents operating pursuant to section 3056 of title 18, 
United States Code, including joint training between the two.

SEC. 4006. TRAINING FACILITIES.

    The Director of the Secret Service is authorized to construct 
facilities at the Rowley Training Center necessary to improve the 
training of officers of the United States Secret Service Uniformed 
Division established under section 3056A of title 18, United States 
Code and agents of the United States Secret Service, operating pursuant 
to section 3056 of title 18, United States Code.

SEC. 4007. EVALUATION OF VULNERABILITIES AND THREATS.

    (a) In General.--The Director of the Secret Service shall devise 
and adopt improved procedures for evaluating vulnerabilities in the 
security of the White House and threats to persons protected by the 
Secret Service, including threats posed by unmanned aerial systems or 
explosive devices.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Director of the Secret Service shall report on the 
implementation of subsection (a) to--
            (1) the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
        Representatives;
            (2) the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate;
            (3) the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
        Representatives;
            (4) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
        Affairs of the Senate; and
            (5) the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the 
        House of Representatives.

SEC. 4008. EVALUATION OF USE OF TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) In General.--The Director of the Secret Service, in 
consultation with the Under Secretary for Science and Technology of the 
Department of Homeland Security, and other experts, shall devise and 
adopt improved procedures for--
            (1) evaluating the ways in which technology may be used to 
        improve the security of the White House and the response to 
        threats to persons protected by the Secret Service; and
            (2) retaining evidence pertaining to the duties referred to 
        in paragraph (1) for an extended period of time.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Director of the Secret Service shall report on the 
implementation of subsection (a) to--
            (1) the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
        Representatives;
            (2) the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate;
            (3) the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
        Representatives;
            (4) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
        Affairs of the Senate; and
            (5) the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the 
        House of Representatives.

SEC. 4009. EVALUATION OF USE OF ADDITIONAL WEAPONRY.

    The Director of the Secret Service shall evaluate the 
practicability of equipping agents and officers with weapons other than 
those provided to officers and agents of the Secret Service as of the 
date of enactment of this Act, including nonlethal weapons.

SEC. 4010. SECURITY COSTS FOR SECONDARY RESIDENCES.

    (a) In General.--The Presidential Protection Assistance Act of 1976 
(18 U.S.C. 3056 note) is amended by striking section 4 and inserting 
the following:

``SEC. 4. NOTIFICATION REGARDING EXPENDITURES ON NON-GOVERNMENTAL 
              PROPERTIES.

    ``The Secret Service shall notify the Committees on Appropriations 
of the House and Senate of any expenditures for permanent facilities, 
equipment, and services to secure any non-Governmental property in 
addition to the one non-Governmental property designated by each 
protectee under subsection (a) or (b) of section 3.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--The Presidential Protection Assistance 
Act of 1976 (18 U.S.C. 3056 note), as amended by this Act, is further 
amended--
            (1) in section 3(b), by striking ``any expenditures by the 
        Secret Service'' and all that follows through ``imposed under 
        section 4'' and inserting ``any expenditures by the Secret 
        Service for permanent facilities, equipment, and services to 
        secure the non-Governmental property previously designated 
        under subsection (a) are subject to the requirements set forth 
        in section 4''; and
            (2) in section 5(c), by striking ``within the limitations 
        imposed under section 4''.

SEC. 4011. ESTABLISHMENT OF ETHICS PROGRAM OFFICE.

    Subject to the oversight of the Office of Chief Counsel of the 
United States Secret Service, the Director of the Secret Service shall 
establish an Ethics Program Office, consisting of a minimum of two 
employees, to administer the provisions of the Ethics in Government Act 
of 1978, as amended, and to provide increased training to employees of 
the United States Secret Service.

SEC. 4012. SECRET SERVICE PROTECTION AT POLLING PLACES.

    Section 592 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``This section shall not prevent any officer or agent of the United 
States Secret Service from providing armed protective services 
authorized under section 3056 or pursuant to a Presidential memorandum 
at any place where a general or special election is held.''.

SEC. 4013. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

    It is the sense of Congress that an assessment made by the 
Secretary of Homeland Security or the Director of the Secret Service 
with regard to physical security of the White House and attendant 
grounds, and any security-related enhancements thereto should be 
accorded substantial deference by the National Capital Planning 
Commission, the Commission of Fine Arts, and any other relevant 
entities.

                        DIVISION E--COAST GUARD

SEC. 5001. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Coast Guard Authorization Act of 
2017''.

                        TITLE I--AUTHORIZATIONS

SEC. 5101. AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 2702 of title 14, United States Code, is amended:
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``fiscal years 2016 and 2017'' and inserting ``fiscal years 
        2018 and 2019'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B) 
        and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) $7,263,698,328 for fiscal year 2018; and
                    ``(B) $7,452,554,484 for fiscal year 2019.'';
            (3) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B) 
        and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) $1,945,000,000 for fiscal year 2018; and
                    ``(B) $1,945,000,000 for fiscal year 2019.'';
            (4) in paragraph (3), by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B) 
        and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) $134,237,000 for fiscal year 2018; and
                    ``(B) $134,237,000 for fiscal year 2019.'';
            (5) in paragraph (4), by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B) 
        and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) $16,701,000 for fiscal year 2018; and
                    ``(B) $16,701,000 for fiscal year 2019.''; and
            (6) in paragraph (5), by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B) 
        and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) $37,263,294 for fiscal year 2018; and
                    ``(B) $38,232,140 for fiscal year 2019.''.

SEC. 5102. AUTHORIZED LEVELS OF MILITARY STRENGTH AND TRAINING.

    Section 2704 of title 14, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``for each of fiscal 
        years 2016 and 2017'' and inserting ``for fiscal year 2018 and 
        an end-of-year strength for such personnel of 44,500 for fiscal 
        year 2019''; and
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``fiscal years 2016 and 
        2017'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2018 and 2019''.

                         TITLE II--COAST GUARD

SEC. 5201. TRAINING; PUBLIC SAFETY PERSONNEL.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 7 of title 14, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 155. Training; public safety personnel
    ``(a) In General.--The Commandant may, on a reimbursable or a non-
reimbursable basis, make training available to public safety personnel 
whenever the Commandant determines that--
            ``(1) a member of the Coast Guard, who is scheduled to 
        participate in such training, is unable or unavailable to 
        participate in such training;
            ``(2) no other member of the Coast Guard, who is assigned 
        to the unit to which the member of the Coast Guard who is 
        unable or unavailable to participate in such training is 
        assigned, is able or available to participate in such training; 
        and
            ``(3) such training, if made available to such public 
        safety personnel, would further the goal of interoperability 
        among Federal agencies, non-Federal governmental agencies, or 
        both.
    ``(b) Definition.--For the purposes of this section, the term 
`public safety personnel' includes any Federal, State (or political 
subdivision thereof), territorial, or tribal law enforcement officer, 
firefighter, or emergency response provider.
    ``(c) Treatment of Reimbursement.--Any reimbursements for training 
that the Coast Guard receives under this section shall be credited to 
the appropriation used to pay the costs for such training.
    ``(d) Status of Trained Personnel; Limitation on Liability.--
            ``(1) Status.--Any public safety personnel to whom training 
        is made available under this section who is not otherwise a 
        Federal employee shall not, because of that training, be 
        considered a Federal employee for any purpose (including the 
        purposes of chapter 81 of title 5 (relating to compensation for 
        injury)) and sections 2671 through 2680 of title 28 (relating 
        to tort claims).
            ``(2) Limitation on liability.--The United States shall not 
        be liable for actions taken by such personnel in the course of 
        training made available under this section.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 7 of such title 
is amended by inserting at the end the following:

``155. Training; public safety personnel.''.

SEC. 5202. COMMISSIONED SERVICE RETIREMENT.

    For Coast Guard officers who retire in fiscal year 2017 or 2018, 
the President may reduce the period of active commissioned service 
required under section 291 of title 14, United States Code, to a period 
of not less than eight years.

SEC. 5203. OFFICER PROMOTION ZONES.

    Section 256(a) of title 14, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``six-tenths.'' and inserting ``one-half.''.

SEC. 5204. CROSS REFERENCE.

    Section 373(a) of title 14, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``designated under section 371'' after ``cadet''.

SEC. 5205. REPEAL.

    Section 482 of title 14, United States Code, and the item relating 
to that section in the analysis for chapter 13 of that title, are 
repealed.

SEC. 5206. UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 3 of title 14, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 61. Unmanned aircraft system
    ``(a) In General.--Subject to the availability of appropriations 
and to subsection (b), the Secretary of the department in which the 
Coast Guard is operating shall establish a land-based unmanned aircraft 
system program under the control of the Commandant of the Coast Guard.
    ``(b) Limitations.--
            ``(1) In general.--During any fiscal year for which funds 
        are appropriated for the design or construction of the Offshore 
        Patrol Cutter, the Commandant--
                    ``(A) may not award a contract for design of an 
                unmanned aircraft system for use by the Coast Guard; 
                and
                    ``(B) may acquire an unmanned aircraft system only 
                if such a system--
                            ``(i) has been part of a program of record, 
                        procured by, or used by, the Department of 
                        Defense or the Department of Homeland Security, 
                        or a component thereof, before the date on 
                        which the Commandant acquires the system; and
                            ``(ii) is acquired by the Commandant 
                        through an agreement with such a department or 
                        component, unless the unmanned aircraft system 
                        can be obtained at less cost through 
                        independent contract action.
            ``(2) Limitations on application.--
                    ``(A) Small unmanned aircraft.--Paragraph (1)(B) 
                does not apply to small unmanned aircraft.
                    ``(B) Previously funded systems.--Subsection (b) 
                does not apply to the design or acquisition of an 
                unmanned aircraft system for which funds for research, 
                development, test, and evaluation have been received 
                from the Department of Defense or the Department of 
                Homeland Security.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section each of the terms `small 
unmanned aircraft' and `unmanned aircraft system' has the meaning that 
term has in section 331 of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 
(49 U.S.C. 40101 note).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis at the beginning of such 
chapter is amended by adding at the end the following:

``61. Unmanned aircraft system.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Subsection (c) of section 564 of title 
14, United States Code, is repealed.

SEC. 5207. COAST GUARD HEALTH-CARE PROFESSIONALS; LICENSURE 
              PORTABILITY.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 5 of title 14, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 104. Coast Guard health-care professionals; licensure 
              portability
    ``(a) Notwithstanding any law regarding the licensure of health-
care providers, a health-care professional described in subsection (b) 
may practice the health profession or professions of the health-care 
professional at any location in any State, the District of Columbia, or 
a Commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States, 
regardless of where such health-care professional or the patient are 
located, if the practice is within the scope of the authorized Federal 
duties of such health-care professional.
    ``(b) A health-care professional described in this subsection is an 
individual--
            ``(1) who is--
                    ``(A) a member of the Coast Guard;
                    ``(B) a civilian employee of the Coast Guard;
                    ``(C) a member of the Public Health Service who is 
                assigned to the Coast Guard;
                    ``(D) a personal services contractor under section 
                1091 of title 10; or
                    ``(E) any other health-care professional 
                credentialed and privileged at a Federal health-care 
                institution or location specially designated by the 
                Secretary; and
            ``(2) who--
                    ``(A) has a current license to practice medicine, 
                osteopathic medicine, dentistry, or another health 
                profession; and
                    ``(B) is performing authorized duties for the Coast 
                Guard.
    ``(c) In this section each of the terms `license' and `health-care 
professional' has the meaning that term has in section 1094(e) of title 
10.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for such chapter is amended 
by adding at the end the following:

``104. Coast Guard health-care professionals; licensure portability.''.

SEC. 5208. INCENTIVE CONTRACTS FOR COAST GUARD YARD AND INDUSTRIAL 
              ESTABLISHMENTS.

    Section 648 of title 14, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting before the text the following: ``(a) In 
        General.--'';
            (2) in subsection (a), as designated by the amendment made 
        by paragraph (1) of this section, by striking the period at the 
        end of the last sentence and inserting ``or in accordance with 
        subsection (b).''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(b) Incentive Contracts.--
            ``(1) The parties to an order for industrial work to be 
        performed by the Coast Guard Yard or a Coast Guard industrial 
        establishment designated under subsection (a) may enter into an 
        order or a cost-plus-incentive-fee order in accordance with 
        this subsection.
            ``(2) If such parties enter into such an order or a cost-
        plus-incentive-fee order, an agreed-upon amount of any 
        adjustment described in subsection (a) may be distributed as an 
        incentive to the wage-grade industrial employees who complete 
        the order.
            ``(3) Before entering into such an order or cost-plus-
        incentive-fee order such parties must agree that the wage-grade 
        employees of the Coast Guard Yard or Coast Guard industrial 
        establishment will take action to improve the delivery schedule 
        or technical performance agreed to in the order for industrial 
        work to which such parties initially agreed.
            ``(4) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if the 
        industrial workforce of the Coast Guard Yard or such Coast 
        Guard industrial establishment satisfies the performance target 
        established in such an order or cost-plus-incentive-fee order--
                    ``(A) the adjustment to be made pursuant to this 
                subsection shall be reduced by such agreed-upon amount 
                and distributed to such wage-grade industrial 
                employees; and
                    ``(B) the remainder of the adjustment shall be 
                credited to the appropriation for such order current at 
                that time.''.

SEC. 5209. MAINTAINING CUTTERS IN CLASS.

    Section 573(c)(3)(A) of title 14, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(A) In general.--''; and
            (2) by inserting ``and shall maintain such cutter in 
        class'' before the period at the end.

SEC. 5210. CONGRESSIONAL AFFAIRS; DIRECTOR.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 3 of title 14, United States Code, as 
amended by section 206 of this Act, is further amended by adding at the 
end the following:
``Sec. 62. Congressional affairs; director
    ``The Commandant shall appoint a Director of Congressional Affairs 
from among officers of the Coast Guard who are in a grade above 
captain.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for such chapter is amended 
by adding at the end the following:

``62. Congressional Affairs; Director.''.

SEC. 5211. CONTRACTING FOR MAJOR ACQUISITIONS PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--Subchapter II of chapter 15 of title 14, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 580. Contracting for major acquisitions programs
    ``(a) In General.--The Commandant of the Coast Guard , or the head 
of an integrated program office established for major acquisitions, may 
enter into contracts for major acquisition programs.
    ``(b) Authorized Methods.--Such contracts--
            ``(1) may be block buy contracts;
            ``(2) may be incrementally funded;
            ``(3) may include combined purchases, also known as 
        economic order quantity purchases, of--
                    ``(A) materials and components; and
                    ``(B) long lead time materials; and
            ``(4) may be multiyear contracts that comply with section 
        2306b of title 10.
    ``(c) Subject to Appropriations.--Any contract entered into under 
subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the United States 
to make a payment under the contract is subject to the availability of 
amounts specifically provided in advance for that purpose in subsequent 
appropriations Acts.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis at the beginning of such 
chapter is amended by adding at the end of the items relating to such 
subchapter the following:

``580. Contracting for major acquisitions programs.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--The following provisions are repealed:
            (1) Section 223 of Public Law 113-281 (14 U.S.C. 577 note), 
        and the item relating to that section in the table of contents 
        in section 2 of such Act.
            (2) Section 221(a) of Public Law 112-213 (14 U.S.C. 573 
        note).
            (3) Section 207(a) of Public Law 114-120 (14 U.S.C. 87 
        note).

SEC. 5212. NATIONAL SECURITY CUTTER.

    (a) Standard Method for Tracking.--The Commandant of the Coast 
Guard may not certify an eighth National Security Cutter as Ready for 
Operations before the date on which the Commandant provides to the 
Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate--
            (1) a notification of a new standard method for tracking 
        operational employment of Coast Guard major cutters that does 
        not include time during which such a cutter is away from its 
        homeport for maintenance or repair; and
            (2) a report analyzing cost and performance for different 
        approaches to achieving varied levels of operational employment 
        using the standard method required by paragraph (1) that, at a 
        minimum--
                    (A) compares over a 30-year period the average 
                annualized baseline cost and performances for a 
                certified National Security Cutter that operated for 
                185 days away from homeport or an equivalent 
                alternative measure of operational tempo--
                            (i) against the cost of a 15 percent 
                        increase in days away from homeport or an 
                        equivalent alternative measure of operational 
                        tempo for a National Security Cutter; and
                            (ii) against the cost of the acquisition 
                        and operation of an additional National 
                        Security Cutter; and
                    (B) examines the optimal level of operational 
                employment of National Security Cutters to balance 
                National Security Cutter cost and mission performance.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 221(b) of the Coast Guard and Maritime 
        Transportation Act of 2012 (14 U.S.C. 573 note) is repealed.
            (2) Section 204(c)(1) of the Coast Guard Authorization Act 
        of 2016 (130 Stat. 35) is repealed.

SEC. 5213. RADAR REFRESHER TRAINING.

    Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating 
shall prescribe a final rule eliminating the requirement that a mariner 
complete an approved refresher or recertification course to maintain a 
radar observer endorsement. The rulemaking shall be exempt from the 
requirements of chapters 5 and 6 of title 5, United States Code, and 
Executive Order Nos. 12866 and 13563.

SEC. 5214. REPEAL.

    Section 676a(a) of title 14, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (2);
            (2) by striking ``(1) In general.--'';
            (3) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as 
        paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively; and
            (4) in paragraph (2), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``subparagraph (A)'' and inserting ``paragraph (1)''.

SEC. 5215. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY.

    Section 404 of the Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2010 (Public 
Law 111-281; 124 Stat. 2950) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), in the text preceding paragraph (1), 
        by striking ``sections 3304, 5333, and 5753'' and inserting 
        ``section 3304''; and
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``2017.'' and inserting 
        ``2021.''.

SEC. 5216. AUTHORIZATION OF AMOUNTS FOR FAST RESPONSE CUTTERS.

    (a) In General.--Of the amounts authorized for each fiscal year 
2018 and 2019 under section 2702(2) of title 14, United States Code, as 
amended by this Act, $165,000,000 is authorized for the acquisition of 
three Fast Response Cutters in each such fiscal year.
    (b) Treatment of Acquired Cutters.--Any cutters acquired under 
subsection (a) shall be in addition to the 58 cutters approved under 
the existing acquisition baseline.

SEC. 5217. AUTHORIZATION OF AMOUNTS FOR ICE TRIALS OF ICEBREAKER 
              VESSELS.

    (a) In General.--Of the amounts authorized for fiscal year 2018 
under paragraphs (1) and (5) of section 2702 of title 14, United States 
Code, as amended by this Act, up to $3,000,000 is authorized for the 
Commandant of the Coast Guard to carry out ice trials of icebreaker 
vessels documented under section 12111 of title 46, United States Code.
    (b) Assessments.--Ice trials referred to in subsection (a) shall--
            (1) assess the ability of an icebreaker vessel to carry out 
        the missions of the Coast Guard enumerated in section 2 of 
        title 14, United States Code; or
            (2) conduct operational tests to produce information that 
        could be used in the design and acquisition of icebreaker 
        vessels by the Coast Guard to carry out such missions.

SEC. 5218. SHORESIDE INFRASTRUCTURE.

    Of the amounts authorized under section 2702(2) of title 14, United 
States Code, as amended by this Act, for each of fiscal years 2018 and 
2019 there is authorized to be appropriated $165,000,000 to the 
Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating to 
fund the acquisition, construction, rebuilding or improvement of Coast 
Guard shoreside infrastructure and facilities necessary to support 
Coast Guard operations and readiness.

SEC. 5219. AIRCRAFT IMPROVEMENTS.

    Of the amounts authorized under section 2702(2) of title 14, United 
States Code, as amended by this Act, for each of fiscal years 2018 and 
2019 there is authorized to be appropriated up to $3,500,000 to the 
Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating to 
fund analysis and program development for improvements for Coast Guard 
MH-65 aircraft.

SEC. 5220. ACQUISITION PLAN FOR INLAND WATERWAY AND RIVER TENDERS AND 
              BAY-CLASS ICEBREAKERS.

    (a) Acquisition Plan.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Commandant of the Coast Guard shall 
submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
Senate and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
House of Representatives a plan to replace or extend the life of the 
Coast Guard fleet of inland waterway and river tenders, and the Bay-
class icebreakers.
    (b) Contents.--The plan under subsection (a) shall include--
            (1) an analysis of the work required to extend the life of 
        vessels described in subsection (a);
            (2) recommendations for which, if any, such vessels it is 
        cost effective to undertake a ship-life extension or enhanced 
        maintenance program;
            (3) an analysis of the aids to navigation program to 
        determine if advances in navigation technology may reduce the 
        needs for physical aids to navigation;
            (4) recommendations for changes to physical aids to 
        navigation and the distribution of such aids that reduce the 
        need for the acquisition of vessels to replace the vessels 
        described in subsection (a);
            (5) a schedule for the acquisition of vessels to replace 
        the vessels described in subsection (a), including the date on 
        which the first vessel will be delivered;
            (6) an estimate of the cost per vessel and of the total 
        cost of the acquisition program of record; and
            (7) a description of the order in which vessels to replace 
        the vessels described in subsection (a) will be built, and the 
        homeports of each such vessel upon its commissioning.

SEC. 5221. REPORT ON SEXUAL ASSAULT VICTIM RECOVERY IN THE COAST GUARD.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Commandant of the Coast Guard shall submit 
to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate a report on sexual assault prevention and 
response policies of the Coast Guard and strategic goals related to 
sexual assault victim recovery.
    (b) Contents.--The report shall--
            (1) describe Coast Guard strategic goals relating to sexual 
        assault climate, prevention, response, and accountability, and 
        actions taken by the Coast Guard to promote sexual assault 
        victim recovery;
            (2) explain how victim recovery is being incorporated into 
        Coast Guard strategic and programmatic guidance related to 
        sexual assault prevention and response;
            (3) examine current Coast Guard sexual assault prevention 
        and response policy with respect to--
                    (A) Coast Guard criteria for what comprises sexual 
                assault victim recovery;
                    (B) alignment of Coast Guard personnel policies to 
                enhance--
                            (i) an approach to sexual assault response 
                        that gives priority to victim recovery;
                            (ii) upholding individual privacy and 
                        dignity; and
                            (iii) the opportunity for the continuation 
                        of Coast Guard service by sexual assault 
                        victims; and
                    (C) sexual harassment response, including a 
                description of the circumstances under which sexual 
                harassment is considered a criminal offense; and
            (4) to ensure victims and supervisors understand the full 
        scope of resources available to aid in long-term recovery, 
        explain how the Coast Guard informs its workforce about changes 
        to sexual assault prevention and response policies related to 
        victim recovery.

                 TITLE III--PORTS AND WATERWAYS SAFETY

SEC. 5301. CODIFICATION OF PORTS AND WATERWAYS SAFETY ACT.

    (a) Codification.--Subtitle VII of title 46, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting before chapter 701 the following:

               ``CHAPTER 700--PORTS AND WATERWAYS SAFETY

                    ``subchapter a--vessel operations

``Sec.
``70001. Vessel traffic services.
``70002. Special powers.
``70003. Port access routes.
``70004. Considerations by Secretary.
``70005. International agreements.
               ``subchapter b--ports and waterways safety

``70011. Waterfront safety.
``70012. Navigational hazards.
``70013. Requirement to notify Coast Guard of release of objects into 
                            the navigable waters of the United States.
   ``subchapter c--condition for entry into ports in the united states

``70021. Conditions for entry to ports in the United States.
  ``subchapter d--definitions, regulations, enforcement, investigatory 
                         powers, applicability

``70031. Definitions.
``70032. Saint Lawrence Seaway.
``70033. Limitation on application to foreign vessels.
``70034. Regulations.
``70035. Investigatory powers.
``70036. Enforcement.

                   ``SUBCHAPTER A--VESSEL OPERATIONS

``Sec. 70001. Vessel traffic services
    ``(a) Subject to the requirements of section 70004, the Secretary--
            ``(1) in any port or place under the jurisdiction of the 
        United States, in the navigable waters of the United States, or 
        in any area covered by an international agreement negotiated 
        pursuant to section 70005, may construct, operate, maintain, 
        improve, or expand vessel traffic services, that consist of 
        measures for controlling or supervising vessel traffic or for 
        protecting navigation and the marine environment and that may 
        include one or more of reporting and operating requirements, 
        surveillance and communications systems, routing systems, and 
        fairways;
            ``(2) shall require appropriate vessels that operate in an 
        area of a vessel traffic service to utilize or comply with that 
        service;
            ``(3)(A) may require vessels to install and use specified 
        navigation equipment, communications equipment, electronic 
        relative motion analyzer equipment, or any electronic or other 
        device necessary to comply with a vessel traffic service or 
        that is necessary in the interests of vessel safety.
            ``(B) Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall 
        not require fishing vessels under 300 gross tons as measured 
        under section 14502, or an alternate tonnage measured under 
        section 14302 as prescribed by the Secretary under section 
        14104, or recreational vessels 65 feet or less to possess or 
        use the equipment or devices required by this subsection solely 
        under the authority of this chapter;
            ``(4) may control vessel traffic in areas subject to the 
        jurisdiction of the United States that the Secretary determines 
        to be hazardous, or under conditions of reduced visibility, 
        adverse weather, vessel congestion, or other hazardous 
        circumstances, by--
                    ``(A) specifying times of entry, movement, or 
                departure;
                    ``(B) establishing vessel traffic routing schemes;
                    ``(C) establishing vessel size, speed, or draft 
                limitations and vessel operating conditions; and
                    ``(D) restricting operation, in any hazardous area 
                or under hazardous conditions, to vessels that have 
                particular operating characteristics or capabilities 
                that the Secretary considers necessary for safe 
                operation under the circumstances;
            ``(5) may require the receipt of prearrival messages from 
        any vessel, destined for a port or place subject to the 
        jurisdiction of the United States, in sufficient time to permit 
        advance vessel traffic planning before port entry, which shall 
        include any information that is not already a matter of record 
        and that the Secretary determines necessary for the control of 
        the vessel and the safety of the port or the marine 
        environment; and
            ``(6) may prohibit the use on vessels of electronic or 
        other devices that interfere with communication and navigation 
        equipment, except that such authority shall not apply to 
        electronic or other devices certified to transmit in the 
        maritime services by the Federal Communications Commission and 
        used within the frequency bands 157.1875-157.4375 MHz and 
        161.7875-162.0375 MHz.
    ``(b) Cooperative Agreements.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may enter into cooperative 
        agreements with public or private agencies, authorities, 
        associations, institutions, corporations, organizations, or 
        other persons to carry out the functions under subsection 
        (a)(1).
            ``(2) Limitation.--
                    ``(A) A nongovernmental entity may not under this 
                subsection carry out an inherently governmental 
                function.
                    ``(B) As used in this paragraph, the term 
                `inherently governmental function' means any activity 
                that is so intimately related to the public interest as 
                to mandate performance by an officer or employee of the 
                Federal Government, including an activity that requires 
                either the exercise of discretion in applying the 
                authority of the Government or the use of judgment in 
                making a decision for the Government.
    ``(c) Limitation of Liability for Coast Guard Vessel Traffic 
Service Pilots and Non-Federal Vessel Traffic Service Operators.--
            ``(1) Coast guard vessel traffic service pilots.--Any 
        pilot, acting in the course and scope of his or her duties 
        while at a Coast Guard Vessel Traffic Service, who provides 
        information, advice, or communication assistance while under 
        the supervision of a Coast Guard officer, member, or employee 
        shall not be liable for damages caused by or related to such 
        assistance unless the acts or omissions of such pilot 
        constitute gross negligence or willful misconduct.
            ``(2) Non-federal vessel traffic service operators.--An 
        entity operating a non-Federal vessel traffic information 
        service or advisory service pursuant to a duly executed written 
        agreement with the Coast Guard, and any pilot acting on behalf 
        of such entity, is not liable for damages caused by or related 
        to information, advice, or communication assistance provided by 
        such entity or pilot while so operating or acting unless the 
        acts or omissions of such entity or pilot constitute gross 
        negligence or willful misconduct.
``Sec. 70002. Special powers
    ``The Secretary may order any vessel, in a port or place subject to 
the jurisdiction of the United States or in the navigable waters of the 
United States, to operate or anchor in a manner the Secretary directs 
if--
            ``(1) the Secretary has reasonable cause to believe such 
        vessel does not comply with any regulation issued under section 
        70034 or any other applicable law or treaty;
            ``(2) the Secretary determines such vessel does not satisfy 
        the conditions for port entry set forth in section 70021 of 
        this title; or
            ``(3) by reason of weather, visibility, sea conditions, 
        port congestion, other hazardous circumstances, or the 
        condition of such vessel, the Secretary is satisfied such 
        direction is justified in the interest of safety.
``Sec. 70003. Port access routes
    ``(a) Authority To Designate.--Except as provided in subsection (b) 
and subject to the requirements of subsection (c), in order to provide 
safe access routes for the movement of vessel traffic proceeding to or 
from ports or places subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, 
the Secretary shall designate necessary fairways and traffic separation 
schemes for vessels operating in the territorial sea of the United 
States and in high seas approaches, outside the territorial sea, to 
such ports or places. Such a designation shall recognize, within the 
designated area, the paramount right of navigation over all other uses.
    ``(b) Limitation.--
            ``(1) In general.--No designation may be made by the 
        Secretary under this section if--
                    ``(A) the Secretary determines such a designation, 
                as implemented, would deprive any person of the 
                effective exercise of a right granted by a lease or 
                permit executed or issued under other applicable 
                provisions of law; and
                    ``(B) such right has became vested before the time 
                of publication of the notice required by paragraph (1) 
                of subsection (c).
            ``(2) Consultation required.--The Secretary shall make the 
        determination under paragraph (1)(A) after consultation with 
        the head of the agency responsible for executing the lease or 
        issuing the permit.
    ``(c) Consideration of Other Uses.--Before making a designation 
under subsection (a), and in accordance with the requirements of 
section 70004, the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) undertake a study of the potential traffic density 
        and the need for safe access routes for vessels in any area for 
        which fairways or traffic separation schemes are proposed or 
        that may otherwise be considered and publish notice of such 
        undertaking in the Federal Register;
            ``(2) in consultation with the Secretary of State, the 
        Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of Commerce, the 
        Secretary of the Army, and the Governors of affected States, as 
        their responsibilities may require, take into account all other 
        uses of the area under consideration, including, as 
        appropriate, the exploration for, or exploitation of, oil, gas, 
        or other mineral resources, the construction or operation of 
        deepwater ports or other structures on or above the seabed or 
        subsoil of the submerged lands or the Outer Continental Shelf 
        of the United States, the establishment or operation of marine 
        or estuarine sanctuaries, and activities involving recreational 
        or commercial fishing; and
            ``(3) to the extent practicable, reconcile the need for 
        safe access routes with the needs of all other reasonable uses 
        of the area involved.
    ``(d) Study.--In carrying out the Secretary's responsibilities 
under subsection (c), the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) proceed expeditiously to complete any study 
        undertaken; and
            ``(2) after completion of such a study, promptly--
                    ``(A) issue a notice of proposed rulemaking for the 
                designation contemplated; or
                    ``(B) publish in the Federal Register a notice that 
                no designation is contemplated as a result of the study 
                and the reason for such determination.
    ``(e) Implementation of Designation.--In connection with a 
designation made under this section, the Secretary--
            ``(1) shall issue reasonable rules and regulations 
        governing the use of such designated areas, including rules and 
        regulations regarding the applicability of rules 9 and 10 of 
        the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 
        1972, relating to narrow channels and traffic separation 
        schemes, respectively, in waters where such regulations apply;
            ``(2) to the extent that the Secretary finds reasonable and 
        necessary to effectuate the purposes of the designation, make 
        the use of designated fairways and traffic separation schemes 
        mandatory for specific types and sizes of vessels, foreign and 
        domestic, operating in the territorial sea of the United States 
        and for specific types and sizes of vessels of the United 
        States operating on the high seas beyond the territorial sea of 
        the United States;
            ``(3) may, from time to time, as necessary, adjust the 
        location or limits of designated fairways or traffic separation 
        schemes in order to accommodate the needs of other uses that 
        cannot be reasonably accommodated otherwise, except that such 
        an adjustment may not, in the judgment of the Secretary, 
        unacceptably adversely affect the purpose for which the 
        existing designation was made and the need for which continues; 
        and
            ``(4) shall, through appropriate channels--
                    ``(A) notify cognizant international organizations 
                of any designation, or adjustment thereof; and
                    ``(B) take action to seek the cooperation of 
                foreign States in making it mandatory for vessels under 
                their control to use, to the same extent as required by 
                the Secretary for vessels of the United States, any 
                fairway or traffic separation scheme designated under 
                this section in any area of the high seas.
``Sec. 70004. Considerations by Secretary
    ``In carrying out the duties of the Secretary under sections 70001, 
70002, and 70003, the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) take into account all relevant factors concerning 
        navigation and vessel safety, protection of the marine 
        environment, and the safety and security of United States ports 
        and waterways, including--
                    ``(A) the scope and degree of the risk or hazard 
                involved;
                    ``(B) vessel traffic characteristics and trends, 
                including traffic volume, the sizes and types of 
                vessels involved, potential interference with the flow 
                of commercial traffic, the presence of any unusual 
                cargoes, and other similar factors;
                    ``(C) port and waterway configurations and 
                variations in local conditions of geography, climate, 
                and other similar factors;
                    ``(D) the need for granting exemptions for the 
                installation and use of equipment or devices for use 
                with vessel traffic services for certain classes of 
                small vessels, such as self-propelled fishing vessels 
                and recreational vessels;
                    ``(E) the proximity of fishing grounds, oil and gas 
                drilling and production operations, or any other 
                potential or actual conflicting activity;
                    ``(F) environmental factors;
                    ``(G) economic impact and effects;
                    ``(H) existing vessel traffic services; and
                    ``(I) local practices and customs, including 
                voluntary arrangements and agreements within the 
                maritime community; and
            ``(2) at the earliest possible time, consult with and 
        receive and consider the views of representatives of the 
        maritime community, ports and harbor authorities or 
        associations, environmental groups, and other persons who may 
        be affected by the proposed actions.
``Sec. 70005. International agreements
    ``(a) Transmittal of Regulations.--The Secretary shall transmit, 
via the Secretary of State, to appropriate international bodies or 
forums, any regulations issued under this subchapter, for consideration 
as international standards.
    ``(b) Agreements.--The President is authorized and encouraged to--
            ``(1) enter into negotiations and conclude and execute 
        agreements with neighboring nations, to establish compatible 
        vessel standards and vessel traffic services, and to establish, 
        operate, and maintain international vessel traffic services, in 
        areas and under circumstances of mutual concern; and
            ``(2) enter into negotiations, through appropriate 
        international bodies, and conclude and execute agreements to 
        establish vessel traffic services in appropriate areas of the 
        high seas.
    ``(c) Operations.--The Secretary, pursuant to any agreement 
negotiated under subsection (b) that is binding upon the United States 
in accordance with constitutional requirements, may--
            ``(1) require vessels operating in an area of a vessel 
        traffic service to utilize or to comply with the vessel traffic 
        service, including the carrying or installation of equipment 
        and devices as necessary for the use of the service; and
            ``(2) waive, by order or regulation, the application of any 
        United States law or regulation concerning the design, 
        construction, operation, equipment, personnel qualifications, 
        and manning standards for vessels operating in waters over 
        which the United States exercises jurisdiction if such vessel 
        is not en route to or from a United States port or place, and 
        if vessels en route to or from a United States port or place 
        are accorded equivalent waivers of laws and regulations of the 
        neighboring nation, when operating in waters over which that 
        nation exercises jurisdiction.
    ``(d) Ship Reporting Systems.--The Secretary, in cooperation with 
the International Maritime Organization, may implement and enforce two 
mandatory ship reporting systems, consistent with international law, 
with respect to vessels subject to such reporting systems entering the 
following areas of the Atlantic Ocean:
            ``(1) Cape Cod Bay, Massachusetts Bay, and Great South 
        Channel (in the area generally bounded by a line starting from 
        a point on Cape Ann, Massachusetts at 42 deg. 39' N., 70 deg. 
        37' W; then northeast to 42 deg. 45' N., 70 deg. 13' W; then 
        southeast to 42 deg. 10' N., 68 deg. 31' W, then south to 41 
        deg. 00' N., 68 deg. 31' W; then west to 41 deg. 00' N., 69 
        deg. 17' W; then northeast to 42 deg. 05' N., 70 deg. 02' W, 
        then west to 42 deg. 04' N., 70 deg. 10' W; and then along the 
        Massachusetts shoreline of Cape Cod Bay and Massachusetts Bay 
        back to the point on Cape Ann at 42 deg. 39' N., 70 deg. 37' 
        W).
            ``(2) In the coastal waters of the Southeastern United 
        States within about 25 nm along a 90 nm stretch of the Atlantic 
        seaboard (in an area generally extending from the shoreline 
        east to longitude 80 deg. 51.6' W with the southern and 
        northern boundary at latitudes 30 deg. 00' N., 31 deg. 27' N., 
        respectively).

               ``SUBCHAPTER B--PORTS AND WATERWAYS SAFETY

``Sec. 70011. Waterfront safety
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may take such action as is 
necessary to--
            ``(1) prevent damage to, or the destruction of, any bridge 
        or other structure on or in the navigable waters of the United 
        States, or any land structure or shore area immediately 
        adjacent to such waters; and
            ``(2) protect the navigable waters and the resources 
        therein from harm resulting from vessel or structure damage, 
        destruction, or loss.
    ``(b) Actions Authorized.--Actions authorized by subsection (a) 
include--
            ``(1) establishing procedures, measures, and standards for 
        the handling, loading, unloading, storage, stowage, and 
        movement on a structure (including the emergency removal, 
        control, and disposition) of explosives or other dangerous 
        articles and substances, including oil or hazardous material as 
        those terms are defined in section 2101;
            ``(2) prescribing minimum safety equipment requirements for 
        a structure to assure adequate protection from fire, explosion, 
        natural disaster, and other serious accidents or casualties;
            ``(3) establishing water or waterfront safety zones, or 
        other measures, for limited, controlled, or conditional access 
        and activity when necessary for the protection of any vessel, 
        structure, waters, or shore area; and
            ``(4) establishing procedures for examination to assure 
        compliance with the requirements prescribed under this section.
    ``(c) State Law.--Nothing in this section, with respect to 
structures, prohibits a State or political subdivision thereof from 
prescribing higher safety equipment requirements or safety standards 
than those that may be prescribed by regulations under this section.
``Sec. 70012. Navigational hazards
    ``(a) Reporting Procedure.--The Secretary shall establish a program 
to encourage fishermen and other vessel operators to report potential 
or existing navigational hazards involving pipelines to the Secretary 
through Coast Guard field offices.
    ``(b) Secretary's Response.--
            ``(1) Notification by the operator of a pipeline.--Upon 
        notification by the operator of a pipeline of a hazard to 
        navigation with respect to that pipeline, the Secretary shall 
        immediately notify Coast Guard headquarters, the Pipeline and 
        Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, other affected 
        Federal and State agencies, and vessel owners and operators in 
        the pipeline's vicinity.
            ``(2) Notification by other persons.--Upon notification by 
        any other person of a hazard or potential hazard to navigation 
        with respect to a pipeline, the Secretary shall promptly 
        determine whether a hazard exists, and if so shall immediately 
        notify Coast Guard headquarters, the Pipeline and Hazardous 
        Materials Safety Administration, other affected Federal and 
        State agencies, vessel owners and operators in the pipeline's 
        vicinity, and the owner and operator of the pipeline.
    ``(c) Pipeline Defined.--For purposes of this section, the term 
`pipeline' has the meaning given the term `pipeline facility' in 
section 60101(a)(18) of title 49.
``Sec. 70013. Requirement to notify Coast Guard of release of objects 
              into the navigable waters of the United States
    ``(a) Requirement.--As soon as a person has knowledge of any 
release from a vessel or facility into the navigable waters of the 
United States of any object that creates an obstruction prohibited 
under section 10 of the Act of March 3, 1899, popularly known as the 
Rivers and Harbors Appropriations Act of 1899 (33 U.S.C. 403), such 
person shall notify the Secretary and the Secretary of the Army of such 
release.
    ``(b) Restriction on Use of Notification.--Any notification 
provided by an individual in accordance with subsection (a) may not be 
used against such individual in any criminal case, except a prosecution 
for perjury or for giving a false statement.

  ``SUBCHAPTER C--CONDITION FOR ENTRY INTO PORTS IN THE UNITED STATES

``Sec. 70021. Conditions for entry to ports in the United States
    ``(a) In General.--No vessel that is subject to chapter 37 shall 
operate in the navigable waters of the United States or transfer cargo 
or residue in any port or place under the jurisdiction of the United 
States, if such vessel--
            ``(1) has a history of accidents, pollution incidents, or 
        serious repair problems that, as determined by the Secretary, 
        creates reason to believe that such vessel may be unsafe or may 
        create a threat to the marine environment;
            ``(2) fails to comply with any applicable regulation issued 
        under section 70034, chapter 37, or any other applicable law or 
        treaty;
            ``(3) discharges oil or hazardous material in violation of 
        any law of the United States or in a manner or quantities 
        inconsistent with any treaty to which the United States is a 
        party;
            ``(4) does not comply with any applicable vessel traffic 
        service requirements;
            ``(5) is manned by one or more officers who are licensed by 
        a certificating State that the Secretary has determined, 
        pursuant to section 9101 of title 46, does not have standards 
        for licensing and certification of seafarers that are 
        comparable to or more stringent than United States standards or 
        international standards that are accepted by the United States;
            ``(6) is not manned in compliance with manning levels as 
        determined by the Secretary to be necessary to insure the safe 
        navigation of the vessel; or
            ``(7) while underway, does not have at least one licensed 
        deck officer on the navigation bridge who is capable of clearly 
        understanding English.
    ``(b) Exceptions.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may allow provisional 
        entry of a vessel that is not in compliance with subsection 
        (a), if the owner or operator of such vessel proves, to the 
        satisfaction of the Secretary, that such vessel is not unsafe 
        or a threat to the marine environment, and if such entry is 
        necessary for the safety of the vessel or persons aboard.
            ``(2) Provisions not applicable.--Paragraphs (1), (2), (3), 
        and (4) of subsection (a) of this section shall not apply to a 
        vessel allowed provisional entry under paragraph (1) if the 
        owner or operator of such vessel proves, to the satisfaction of 
        the Secretary, that such vessel is no longer unsafe or a threat 
        to the marine environment, and is no longer in violation of any 
        applicable law, treaty, regulation or condition, as 
        appropriate.

 ``SUBCHAPTER D--DEFINITIONS, REGULATIONS, ENFORCEMENT, INVESTIGATORY 
                         POWERS, APPLICABILITY

``Sec. 70031. Definitions
    ``As used in subchapters A through C and this subchapter, unless 
the context otherwise requires:
            ``(1) The term `marine environment' means--
                    ``(A) the navigable waters of the United States and 
                the land and resources therein and thereunder;
                    ``(B) the waters and fishery resources of any area 
                over which the United States asserts exclusive fishery 
                management authority;
                    ``(C) the seabed and subsoil of the Outer 
                Continental Shelf of the United States, the resources 
                thereof, and the waters superjacent thereto; and
                    ``(D) the recreational, economic, and scenic values 
                of such waters and resources.
            ``(2) The term `Secretary' means the Secretary of the 
        department in which the Coast Guard is operating, except that 
        such term means the Secretary of Transportation with respect to 
        the application of this chapter to the Saint Lawrence Seaway.
            ``(3) The term `navigable waters of the United States' 
        includes all waters of the territorial sea of the United States 
        as described in Presidential Proclamation No. 5928 of December 
        27, 1988.
``Sec. 70032. Saint Lawrence Seaway
    ``The authority granted to the Secretary under sections 70001, 
70002, 70003, 7004, and 70011 may not be delegated with respect to the 
Saint Lawrence Seaway to any agency other than the Saint Lawrence 
Seaway Development Corporation. Any other authority granted the 
Secretary under subchapters A through C and this subchapter shall be 
delegated by the Secretary to the Saint Lawrence Seaway Development 
Corporation to the extent the Secretary determines such delegation is 
necessary for the proper operation of the Saint Lawrence Seaway.
``Sec. 70033. Limitation on application to foreign vessels
    ``Except pursuant to international treaty, convention, or 
agreement, to which the United States is a party, subchapters A through 
C and this subchapter shall not apply to any foreign vessel that is not 
destined for, or departing from, a port or place subject to the 
jurisdiction of the United States and that is in--
            ``(1) innocent passage through the territorial sea of the 
        United States; or
            ``(2) transit through the navigable waters of the United 
        States that form a part of an international strait.
``Sec. 70034. Regulations
    ``(a) In General.--In accordance with section 553 of title 5, the 
Secretary shall issue, and may from time to time amend or repeal, 
regulations necessary to implement subchapters A through C and this 
subchapter.
    ``(b) Consultation.--In the exercise of the regulatory authority 
under subchapters A through C and this subchapter, the Secretary shall 
consult with, and receive and consider the views of all interested 
persons, including--
            ``(1) interested Federal departments and agencies;
            ``(2) officials of State and local governments;
            ``(3) representatives of the maritime community;
            ``(4) representatives of port and harbor authorities or 
        associations;
            ``(5) representatives of environmental groups;
            ``(6) any other interested persons who are knowledgeable or 
        experienced in dealing with problems involving vessel safety, 
        port and waterways safety, and protection of the marine 
        environment; and
            ``(7) advisory committees consisting of all interested 
        segments of the public when the establishment of such 
        committees is considered necessary because the issues involved 
        are highly complex or controversial.
``Sec. 70035. Investigatory powers
    ``(a) Secretary.--The Secretary may investigate any incident, 
accident, or act involving the loss or destruction of, or damage to, 
any structure subject to subchapters A through C and this subchapter, 
or that affects or may affect the safety or environmental quality of 
the ports, harbors, or navigable waters of the United States.
    ``(b) Powers.--In an investigation under this section, the 
Secretary may issue subpoenas to require the attendance of witnesses 
and the production of documents or other evidence relating to such 
incident, accident, or act. If any person refuses to obey a subpoena, 
the Secretary may request the Attorney General to invoke the aid of the 
appropriate district court of the United States to compel compliance 
with the subpoena. Any district court of the United States may, in the 
case of refusal to obey a subpoena, issue an order requiring compliance 
with the subpoena, and failure to obey the order may be punished by the 
court as contempt. Witnesses may be paid fees for travel and attendance 
at rates not exceeding those allowed in a district court of the United 
States.
``Sec. 70036. Enforcement
    ``(a) Civil Penalty.--
            ``(1) In general.--Any person who is found by the 
        Secretary, after notice and an opportunity for a hearing, to 
        have violated subchapters A through C or this subchapter or a 
        regulation issued under subchapters A through C or this 
        subchapter shall be liable to the United States for a civil 
        penalty, not to exceed $25,000 for each violation. Each day of 
        a continuing violation shall constitute a separate violation. 
        The amount of such civil penalty shall be assessed by the 
        Secretary, or the Secretary's designee, by written notice. In 
        determining the amount of such penalty, the Secretary shall 
        take into account the nature, circumstances, extent, and 
        gravity of the prohibited acts committed and, with respect to 
        the violator, the degree of culpability, any history of prior 
        offenses, ability to pay, and such other matters as justice may 
        require.
            ``(2) Compromise, modification, or remission.--The 
        Secretary may compromise, modify, or remit, with or without 
        conditions, any civil penalty that is subject to imposition or 
        that has been imposed under this section.
            ``(3) Failure to pay penalty.--If any person fails to pay 
        an assessment of a civil penalty after it has become final, the 
        Secretary may refer the matter to the Attorney General of the 
        United States, for collection in any appropriate district court 
        of the United States.
    ``(b) Criminal Penalty.--
            ``(1) Class d felony.--Any person who willfully and 
        knowingly violates subchapters A through C or this subchapter 
        or any regulation issued thereunder commits a class D felony.
            ``(2) Class c felony.--Any person who, in the willful and 
        knowing violation of subchapters A through C or this subchapter 
        or of any regulation issued thereunder, uses a dangerous 
        weapon, or engages in conduct that causes bodily injury or fear 
        of imminent bodily injury to any officer authorized to enforce 
        the provisions of such a subchapter or the regulations issued 
        under such subchapter, commits a class C felony.
    ``(c) In Rem Liability.--Any vessel that is used in violation of 
subchapters A, B, or C or this subchapter, or any regulations issued 
under such subchapter, shall be liable in rem for any civil penalty 
assessed pursuant to subsection (a) and may be proceeded against in the 
United States district court for any district in which such vessel may 
be found.
    ``(d) Injunction.--The United States district courts shall have 
jurisdiction to restrain violations of subchapter A, B, or C or this 
subchapter or of regulations issued under such subchapter, for cause 
shown.
    ``(e) Denial of Entry.--Except as provided in section 70021, the 
Secretary may, subject to recognized principles of international law, 
deny entry by any vessel that is not in compliance with subchapter A, 
B, or C or this subchapter or the regulations issued under such 
subchapter--
            ``(1) into the navigable waters of the United States; or
            ``(2) to any port or place under the jurisdiction of the 
        United States.
    ``(f) Withholding of Clearance.--
            ``(1) In general.--If any owner, operator, or individual in 
        charge of a vessel is liable for a penalty or fine under this 
        section, or if reasonable cause exists to believe that the 
        owner, operator, or individual in charge may be subject to a 
        penalty or fine under this section, the Secretary of the 
        Treasury, upon the request of the Secretary, shall with respect 
        to such vessel refuse or revoke any clearance required by 
        section 60105 of title 46.
            ``(2) Granting clearance refused or revoked.--Clearance 
        refused or revoked under this subsection may be granted upon 
        filing of a bond or other surety satisfactory to the 
        Secretary.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis at the beginning of such 
subtitle is amended by inserting before the item relating to chapter 
701 the following:

``700. Ports and Waterways Safety...........................  70001.''.

SEC. 5302. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Electronic Charts.--
            (1) Transfer of provision.--Section 4A of the Ports and 
        Waterways Safety Act (33 U.S.C. 1223a)--
                    (A) is redesignated as section 3105 of title 46, 
                United States Code, and transferred to appear after 
                section 3104 of that title; and
                    (B) is amended by striking subsection (b) and 
                inserting the following:
    ``(b) Limitation on Application.--Except pursuant to an 
international treaty, convention, or agreement, to which the United 
States is a party, this section shall not apply to any foreign vessel 
that is not destined for, or departing from, a port or place subject to 
the jurisdiction of the United States and that is in--
            ``(1) innocent passage through the territorial sea of the 
        United States; or
            ``(2) transit through the navigable waters of the United 
        States that form a part of an international strait.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The analysis at the beginning of 
        chapter 31 of such title is amended by adding at the end the 
        following:

``3105. Electronic charts.''.
    (b) Port, Harbor, and Coastal Facility Security.--
            (1) Transfer of provisions.--So much of section 7 of the 
        Ports and Waterways Safety Act (33 U.S.C. 1226) as precedes 
        subsection (c) of that section is redesignated as section 70116 
        of title 46, United States Code, and transferred so as to 
        replace section 70116 of that title, as in effect before the 
        enactment of this Act.
            (2) Definitions, administration, and enforcement.--Section 
        70116 of title 46, United States Code, as amended by paragraph 
        (1) of this subsection, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following:
    ``(c) Definitions, Administration, and Enforcement.--This section 
shall be treated as part of chapter 700 for purposes of sections 70031, 
70032, 70034, 70035, and 70036.''.
            (3) Clerical amendment.--The analysis at the beginning of 
        chapter 701 of such title is amended by striking the item 
        relating to section 70116 and inserting the following:

``70116. Port, harbor, and coastal facility security.''.
    (c) Nondisclosure of Port Security Plans.--Subsection (c) of 
section 7 of the Ports and Waterways Safety Act (33 U.S.C. 1226), as so 
designated before the application of subsection (b)(1) of this 
section--
            (1) is redesignated as subsection (f) of section 70103 of 
        title 46, United States Code, and transferred so as to appear 
        after subsection (e) of such section; and
            (2) is amended by striking ``this Act'' and inserting 
        ``this chapter''.
    (d) Repeal.--Section 2307 of title 46, United States Code, and the 
item relating to that section in the analysis at the beginning of 
chapter 23 of that title, are repealed.
    (e) Repeal.--The Ports and Waterways Safety Act (33 U.S.C. 1221-
1231, 1232-1232b), as amended by this Act, is repealed.

SEC. 5303. TRANSITIONAL AND SAVINGS PROVISIONS.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Source provision.--The term ``source provision'' means 
        a provision of law that is replaced by a title 46 provision 
        under this title.
            (2) Title 46 provision.--The term ``title 46 provision'' 
        means a provision of title 46, United States Code, that is 
        enacted by section 5302.
    (b) Cutoff Date.--The title 46 provisions replace certain 
provisions of law enacted before the date of the enactment of this Act. 
If a law enacted after that date amends or repeals a source provision, 
that law is deemed to amend or repeal, as the case may be, the 
corresponding title 46 provision. If a law enacted after that date is 
otherwise inconsistent with a title 46 provision or a provision of this 
title, that law supersedes the title 46 provision or provision of this 
title to the extent of the inconsistency.
    (c) Original Date of Enactment Unchanged.--For purposes of 
determining whether one provision of law supersedes another based on 
enactment later in time, a title 46 provision is deemed to have been 
enacted on the date of enactment of the source provision that the title 
46 provision replaces.
    (d) References to Title 46 Provisions.--A reference to a title 46 
provision, including a reference in a regulation, order, or other law, 
is deemed to refer to the corresponding source provision.
    (e) References to Source Provisions.--A reference to a source 
provision, including a reference in a regulation, order, or other law, 
is deemed to refer to the corresponding title 46 provision.
    (f) Regulations, Orders, and Other Administrative Actions.--A 
regulation, order, or other administrative action in effect under a 
source provision continues in effect under the corresponding title 46 
provision.
    (g) Actions Taken and Offenses Committed.--An action taken or an 
offense committed under a source provision is deemed to have been taken 
or committed under the corresponding title 46 provision.

SEC. 5304. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

    This title, including the amendments made by this title, is 
intended only to transfer provisions of the Ports and Waterways Safety 
Act to title 46, United States Code, and may not be construed to 
alter--
            (1) the effect of a provision of the Ports and Waterways 
        Safety Act, including any authority or requirement therein;
            (2) a department or agency interpretation with respect to 
        the Ports and Waterways Safety Act; or
            (3) a judicial interpretation with respect to the Ports and 
        Waterways Safety Act.

SEC. 5305. ADVISORY COMMITTEE: REPEAL.

    Section 18 of the Coast Guard Authorization Act of 1991 (Public Law 
102-241; 105 Stat. 2213) is repealed.

SEC. 5306. REGATTAS AND MARINE PARADES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 700 of title 46, United States Code, as 
established by section 5301 of this Act, is amended by adding at the 
end the following:

              ``SUBCHAPTER E--REGATTAS AND MARINE PARADES

``Sec. 70041. Regattas and marine parades
    ``(a) In General.--The Commandant of the Coast Guard may issue 
regulations to promote the safety of life on navigable waters during 
regattas or marine parades.
    ``(b) Detail and Use of Vessels.--To enforce regulations issued 
under this section--
            ``(1) the Commandant may detail any public vessel in the 
        service of the Coast Guard and make use of any private vessel 
        tendered gratuitously for that purpose; and
            ``(2) upon the request of the Commandant, the head of any 
        other Federal department or agency may enforce the regulations 
        by means of any public vessel of such department and any 
        private vessel tendered gratuitously for that purpose.
    ``(c) Transfer of Authority.--The authority of the Commandant under 
this section may be transferred by the President for any special 
occasion to the head of another Federal department or agency whenever 
in the President's judgment such transfer is desirable.
    ``(d) Penalties.--
            ``(1) In general.--For any violation of regulations issued 
        pursuant to this section the following penalties shall be 
        incurred:
                    ``(A) A licensed officer shall be liable to 
                suspension or revocation of license in the manner 
                prescribed by law for incompetency or misconduct.
                    ``(B) Any person in charge of the navigation of a 
                vessel other than a licensed officer shall be liable to 
                a penalty of $5,000.
                    ``(C) The owner of a vessel (including any 
                corporate officer of a corporation owning the vessel) 
                actually on board shall be liable to a penalty of 
                $5,000, unless the violation of regulations occurred 
                without the owner's knowledge.
                    ``(D) Any other person shall be liable to a penalty 
                of $2,500.
            ``(2) Mitigation or remission.--The Commandant may mitigate 
        or remit any penalty provided for in this subsection in the 
        manner prescribed by law for the mitigation or remission of 
        penalties for violation of the navigation laws.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 700 of title 46, 
United States Code, as established by section 5301 of this Act, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

               ``subchapter e--regattas and marine parades

``70041. Regattas and marine parades.''.
    (c) Repeal.--The Act of April 28, 1908 (35 Stat. 69, chapter 151; 
33 U.S.C. 1233 et seq.), is repealed.

SEC. 5307. REGULATION OF VESSELS IN TERRITORIAL WATERS OF UNITED 
              STATES.

    (a) Establishment of Subchapter F.--Chapter 700 of title 46, United 
States Code, as established by section 5301 of this Act, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:

 ``SUBCHAPTER F--REGULATION OF VESSELS IN TERRITORIAL WATERS OF UNITED 
                                 STATES

``Sec. 70054. Definitions
    ``In this subchapter:
            ``(1) United states.--The term `United States' includes all 
        territory and waters, continental or insular, subject to the 
        jurisdiction of the United States.
            ``(2) Territorial waters.--The term `territorial waters of 
        the United States' includes all waters of the territorial sea 
        of the United States as described in Presidential Proclamation 
        5928 of December 27, 1988.''.
    (b) Regulation of Anchorage and Movement of Vessels During National 
Emergency.--Section 1 of title II of the Act of June 15, 1917 (40 Stat. 
220, chapter 30; 50 U.S.C. 191), is amended--
            (1) by striking the section designation and all that 
        follows before ``by proclamation'' and inserting the following:
``Sec. 70051. Regulation of anchorage and movement of vessels during 
              national emergency
    ``Whenever the President'';
            (2) by striking ``of the Treasury'';
            (3) by striking ``of the department in which the Coast 
        Guard is operating'';
            (4) by striking ``this title'' and inserting ``this 
        subchapter''; and
            (5) by transferring the section so that the section appears 
        before section 70054 of title 46, United States Code (as added 
        by subsection (a) of this section).
    (c) Seizure and Forfeiture of Vessel; Fine and Imprisonment.--
Section 2 of title II of the Act of June 15, 1917 (40 Stat. 220, 
chapter 30; 50 U.S.C. 192), is amended--
            (1) by striking the section designation and all that 
        follows before ``agent,'' and inserting the following:
``Sec. 70052. Seizure and forfeiture of vessel; fine and imprisonment
    ``(a) In General.--If any owner,'';
            (2) by striking ``this title'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``this subchapter''; and
            (3) by transferring the section so that the section appears 
        after section 70051 of title 46, United States Code (as 
        transferred by subsection (b) of this section).
    (d) Enforcement Provisions.--Section 4 of title II of the Act of 
June 15, 1917 (40 Stat. 220, chapter 30; 50 U.S.C. 194), is amended--
            (1) by striking all before ``may employ'' and inserting the 
        following:
``Sec. 70053. Enforcement provisions
    ``The President'';
            (2) by striking ``the purpose of this title'' and inserting 
        ``this subchapter''; and
            (3) by transferring the section so that the section appears 
        after section 70052 of title 46, United States Code (as 
        transferred by subsection (c) of this section).
    (e) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 700 of title 46, 
United States Code, as established by section 5301 of this Act, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

 ``subchapter f--regulation of vessels in territorial waters of united 
                                 states

``70051. Regulation of anchorage and movement of vessels during 
                            national emergency.
``70052. Seizure and forfeiture of vessel; fine and imprisonment.
``70053. Enforcement provisions.
``70054. Definitions.''.

                TITLE IV--MARITIME TRANSPORTATION SAFETY

SEC. 5401. CLARIFICATION OF LOGBOOK ENTRIES.

    (a) In General.--Section 11304 of title 46, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``an official'' and 
        inserting ``a''; and
            (2) in subsection (b), by amending paragraph (3) to read as 
        follows:
            ``(3) Each illness of, and injury to, a seaman of the 
        vessel, the nature of the illness or injury, and the medical 
        treatment provided for the injury or illness.''.
    (b) Technical Amendment.--Section 11304(b) is amended by striking 
``log book'' and inserting ``logbook''.

SEC. 5402. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS: LICENSES, CERTIFICATIONS OF REGISTRY, 
              AND MERCHANT MARINER DOCUMENTS.

    Title 46, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in section 7106(b), by striking ``merchant mariner's 
        document,'' and inserting ``license,'';
            (2) in section 7107(b), by striking ``merchant mariner's 
        document,'' and inserting ``certificate of registry,'';
            (3) in section 7507(b)(1), by striking ``licenses or 
        certificates of registry'' and inserting ``merchant mariner 
        documents''; and
            (4) in section 7507(b)(2) by striking ``merchant mariner's 
        document.'' and inserting ``license or certificate of 
        registry.''.

SEC. 5403. NUMBERING FOR UNDOCUMENTED BARGES.

    Section 12301(b) of title 46, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``shall'' and inserting ``may''; and
            (2) by inserting ``of'' after ``barge''.

SEC. 5404. DRAWBRIDGE DEVIATION EXEMPTION.

    Section 5 of the Act entitled ``An Act making appropriations for 
the construction, repair, and preservation of certain public works on 
rivers and harbors, and for other purposes'', approved August 18, 1894 
(33 U.S.C. 499), is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(d) Exemption.--
            ``(1) In general.--A change to a schedule that governs the 
        opening of a drawbridge that will be in effect for less than 6 
        months shall not be subject to the rule making requirements of 
        section 553 of title 5, United States Code.
            ``(2) Alternate requirements.--
                    ``(A) Duties of secretary.--The Secretary of the 
                department in which the Coast Guard is operating shall 
                provide notice of each such change through--
                            ``(i) a local notice to mariners;
                            ``(ii) a Coast Guard broadcast notice to 
                        mariners; or
                            ``(iii) another method of notice that the 
                        Secretary considers appropriate.
                    ``(B) Owner and operator duties.--With respect to 
                any drawbridge other than a railroad drawbridge, the 
                owner or operator of such drawbridge shall provide 
                notice of such a change to--
                            ``(i) the general public, through 
                        publication in a newspaper of general 
                        circulation;
                            ``(ii) the Department of Transportation or 
                        other public agency with administrative 
                        jurisdiction over the roadway that abuts the 
                        approach to such bridge; and
                            ``(iii) the law enforcement organization 
                        with jurisdiction over the roadway that abuts 
                        the approach to such bridge.''.

SEC. 5405. DEADLINE FOR COMPLIANCE WITH ALTERNATE SAFETY COMPLIANCE 
              PROGRAMS.

    (a) Deadline.--Section 4503(d) of title 46, United States Code, is 
amended by striking so much as precedes paragraph (3) and inserting the 
following:
    ``(d)(1) The Secretary, in cooperation with the commercial fishing 
industry, may prescribe an alternative safety compliance program that 
shall apply in lieu of requirements under section 4502(b), for any 
category of fishing vessels, fish processing vessels, or fish tender 
vessels that are--
            ``(A) at least 50 feet overall in length;
            ``(B) built before July 1, 2013; and
            ``(C) 25 years of age or older.
    ``(2) An alternative safety compliance program prescribed under 
paragraph (1) shall apply to a vessel--
            ``(A) except as provided in subparagraph (B), after the 
        later of January 1, 2020, or the end of the 3-year period 
        beginning on the date on which the Secretary prescribes the 
        program; and
            ``(B) in the case of a vessel that undergoes a major 
        conversion completed after the later of July 1, 2013, or the 
        date the Secretary establishes standards for the alternate 
        safety compliance program, upon the completion of such 
        conversion.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 4502(b) of title 46, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting ``and subject to section 
4503(d),'' after ``In addition to the requirements of subsection (a) of 
this section,''.

SEC. 5406. AUTHORIZATION FOR MARINE DEBRIS PROGRAM.

    The Marine Debris Research, Prevention, and Reduction Act is 
amended--
            (1) in section 9 (33 U.S.C. 1958)--
                    (A) by striking the em-dash and all that follows 
                through ``(1)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``; and'' and all that follows 
                through the end of the section and inserting a period; 
                and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 10. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``Of the amounts authorized for each fiscal year under section 
2702(1) of title 14, United States Code, up to $2,000,000 are 
authorized for the Commandant to carry out section 4 of this Act, of 
which not more than 10 percent may be used for administrative costs.''.

SEC. 5407. ALTERNATIVE DISTRESS SIGNALS.

    (a) Performance Standard.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the department in which 
the Coast Guard is operating shall issue a rule that establishes a 
performance standard for distress signals, including for maritime 
visual distress signals, that may be used as an alternative to the 
distress signals required by section 175.110 of title 33, Code of 
Federal Regulations..
    (b) Authorization of Use.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
of the issuance of a rule under subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
issue a rule amending part 175 of title 33, Code of Federal 
Regulations, to authorize use of distress signals in accordance with 
such performance standard.

SEC. 5408. ATLANTIC COAST PORT ACCESS ROUTE STUDY RECOMMENDATIONS.

    Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of the Act, 
the Commandant of the Coast Guard shall notify the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate of 
action taken to carry out the recommendations contained in the final 
report issued by the Atlantic Coast Port Access Route Study (ACPARS) 
workgroup for which notice of availability was published March 14, 2016 
(81 Fed. Reg. 13307).

SEC. 5409. DOCUMENTATION OF RECREATIONAL VESSELS.

    Coast Guard personnel performing nonrecreational vessel 
documentation functions under subchapter II of chapter 121 of title 46, 
United States Code, may perform recreational vessel documentation under 
section 12114 of such title in any fiscal year in which--
            (1) funds available for Coast Guard operating expenses may 
        not be used for expenses incurred for recreational vessel 
        documentation;
            (2) fees collected from owners of yachts and credited to 
        such use are insufficient to pay expenses of recreational 
        vessel documentation; and
            (3) there is a backlog of applications for recreational 
        vessel documentation.

SEC. 5410. CERTIFICATES OF DOCUMENTATION FOR RECREATIONAL VESSELS.

    Section 12114 of title 46, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(d) Effective Period.--A recreational endorsement for a vessel--
            ``(1) except as provided in paragraph (3), shall be 
        effective for 5 years;
            ``(2) shall require the owner of the vessel to notify the 
        Coast Guard of each change in the information on which the 
        issuance of the certificate of documentation is based that 
        occurs before the expiration of the certificate under this 
        subsection, by not later than 30 days after such change; and
            ``(3) shall terminate upon the expiration of such 30-day 
        period if the owner has not notified the Coast Guard of such 
        change before the end of such period.
    ``(e) State and Local Authority To Remove Abandoned and Derelict 
Vessels.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the 
authority of a State or local authority from taking action to remove an 
abandoned or derelict vessel.
    ``(f) Authority.--
            ``(1) Requirement.--The Secretary shall assess and collect 
        a fee for the issuance or renewal of a recreational 
        endorsement, that is equivalent to the fee established for the 
        issuance or renewal, respectively, of a fishery endorsement 
        pursuant to section 2110.
            ``(2) Treatment.--Fees collected under this subsection--
                    ``(A) shall be credited to the account from which 
                the costs of such issuance or renewal were paid; and
                    ``(B) may remain available until expended.''.

SEC. 5411. BACKUP GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle VIII of title 46, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

            ``CHAPTER 807--POSITION, NAVIGATION, AND TIMING

``Sec.
``80701. Land-based complementary and backup positioning, navigation, 
                            and timing system.
``Sec. 80701. Land-based complementary and backup positioning, 
              navigation, and timing system
    ``(a) ELORAN.--Subject to the availability of appropriations, the 
Secretary shall provide for the establishment, sustainment, and 
operation of a reliable land-based enhanced LORAN, or eLORAN, 
positioning, navigation, and timing system.
    ``(b) Purpose.--The purpose of the system established under 
subsection (a) is to provide a complement to, and backup for, the 
Global Positioning System (in this section referred to as `GPS') to 
ensure the availability of uncorrupted and nondegraded positioning, 
navigation, and timing signals for military and civilian users in the 
event that GPS signals are corrupted, degraded, unreliable, or 
otherwise unavailable.
    ``(c) Requirements.--The system established under subsection (a) 
shall--
            ``(1) be wireless;
            ``(2) be terrestrial;
            ``(3) provide wide-area coverage;
            ``(4) transmit a precise, high-power signal in the 100 
        kilohertz spectrum and meet the one microsecond accuracy 
        requirement specified in the Federal Radio Navigation Plan;
            ``(5) be synchronized with coordinated universal time;
            ``(6) be resilient and extremely difficult to disrupt or 
        degrade;
            ``(7) be able to penetrate underground and inside 
        buildings;
            ``(8) be capable of deployment to remote locations;
            ``(9) take full advantage of the infrastructure of the 
        existing, unused Coast Guard long-range navigation system 
        (commonly known as `LORAN-C'), and subject to the concurrence 
        and agreement of other agencies, unused facilities associated 
        with the Ground Wave Emergency Network and Nationwide 
        Differential GPS systems;
            ``(10) utilize and leverage the capabilities of the entity 
        for development, building, and operation of the system;
            ``(11) function in an interoperable and complementary 
        manner with other similar positioning, navigation, and timing 
        systems;
            ``(12) be made available by the Secretary for use by other 
        Federal agencies for public purposes at no cost; and
            ``(13) incorporate such other requirements determined 
        necessary by the Secretary with respect to such agencies.
    ``(d) Secretary Defined.--In this section the term `Secretary' 
means the Secretary of Transportation, acting through the Commandant of 
the Coast Guard.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for subtitle VIII of title 
46, United States Code, is amended by adding after the item relating to 
chapter 805 the following:

``807. Position, navigation, and timing.....................  80701.''.
    (c) Implementation Plan.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary, as that term is defined in 
the amendments made by this section, shall provide to the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate, a 
plan to ensure that the system required under such amendments is fully 
operational by not later than 3 years after such date of enactment.

SEC. 5412. WATERS DEEMED NOT NAVIGABLE WATERS OF THE UNITED STATES FOR 
              CERTAIN PURPOSES.

    For purposes of the application of subtitle II of title 46, United 
States Code, to the Volunteer (Hull Number CCA4108), the Illinois and 
Michigan Canal is deemed to not be navigable waters of the United 
States.

SEC. 5413. UNINSPECTED PASSENGER VESSELS IN ST. LOUIS COUNTY, 
              MINNESOTA.

    Section 4105 of title 46, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
    ``(c) In applying this title with respect to an uninspected vessel 
of less than 25 feet overall in length that carries passengers on Crane 
Lake or waters contiguous to such lake in St. Louis County, Minnesota, 
the Secretary shall substitute `12 passengers' for `6 passengers' each 
place it appears in section 2101(42).''.

SEC. 5414. ENGINE CUT-OFF SWITCH REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Installation Requirement.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the department in 
        which the Coast Guard is operating shall issue a regulation 
        amending part 183 of title 33, Code of Federal Regulations, 
        that requires associated equipment manufacturers, distributors, 
        and dealers installing propulsion machinery and associated 
        starting controls on a recreational vessel less than 26 feet 
        overall in length and capable of developing at least 115 pounds 
        of static thrust or 3 horsepower to install an engine cut-off 
        switch in compliance with American Boat and Yacht Standard A-
        33.
            (2) Effective date.--The regulation shall take effect at 
        the end of the 1-year period beginning on the date of the 
        issuance of such regulation.
    (b) Definitions.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the department in which the 
Coast Guard is operating shall issue a regulation amending part 175 and 
part 183 of title 33, Code of Federal Regulations, that--
            (1) defines the term ``engine cut-off switch'' for purposes 
        of that part to mean a mechanical or electronic device that is 
        connected to propulsion machinery of a recreational vessel less 
        than 26 feet overall in length that will stop propulsion if--
                    (A) the switch is not properly connected to the 
                propulsion machinery; or
                    (B) the switch components are--
                            (i) submerged in water; or
                            (ii) separated from the propulsion 
                        machinery by a predetermined distance; and
            (2) defines the term ``engine cut-off switch link'' for 
        purposes of that part to mean equipment that--
                    (A) is attached to as recreational vessel operator; 
                and
                    (B) activates the engine cut-off switch.
    (c) Education on Cut-Off Switches.--The Commandant of the Coast 
Guard, through the National Boating Safety Advisory Council established 
under section 13110 of title 46, United States Code, may initiate a 
boating safety program on the use and benefits of cut-off switches for 
recreational vessels.

SEC. 5415. ANALYSIS OF COMMERCIAL FISHING VESSEL CLASSIFICATION 
              REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Analysis.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Commandant of the Coast Guard shall notify 
the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate on the status of the implementation of the 
survey and classification requirements referred to in section 4503 of 
title 46, United States Code.
    (b) Contents.--The analysis required under subsection (a) shall 
include information on--
            (1) the average costs to vessel owners to comply with such 
        section; and
            (2) the impact such section is having on commercial fishing 
        vessel safety.

                         TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS

SEC. 5501. REPEAL.

    Subsection (h) of section 888 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 
(6 U.S.C. 468) is repealed.

SEC. 5502. REIMBURSEMENTS FOR NON-FEDERAL CONSTRUCTION COSTS OF CERTAIN 
              AIDS TO NAVIGATION.

    (a) In General.--Subject to the availability of amounts 
specifically provided in advance in subsequent appropriations Acts and 
in accordance with this section, the Commandant of the Coast Guard may 
reimburse a non-Federal entity for costs incurred by the entity for a 
covered project.
    (b) Conditions.--The Commandant may not provide reimbursement under 
subsection (a) with respect to a covered project unless--
            (1) the need for the project is a result of the completion 
        of construction with respect to a federally authorized 
        navigation channel;
            (2) the Commandant determines, through an appropriate 
        navigation safety analysis, that the project is necessary to 
        ensure safe marine transportation;
            (3) the Commandant approves the design of the project to 
        ensure that it meets all applicable Coast Guard aids-to-
        navigation standards and requirements;
            (4) the non-Federal entity agrees to transfer the project 
        upon completion to the Coast Guard for operation and 
        maintenance by the Coast Guard as a Federal aid to navigation;
            (5) the non-Federal entity carries out the project in 
        accordance with the same laws and regulations that would apply 
        to the Coast Guard if the Coast Guard carried out the project, 
        including obtaining all permits required for the project under 
        Federal and State law; and
            (6) the Commandant determines that the project satisfies 
        such additional requirements as may be established by the 
        Commandant.
    (c) Limitations.--Reimbursements under subsection (a) may not 
exceed the following:
            (1) For a single covered project, $5,000,000.
            (2) For all covered projects in a single fiscal year, 
        $5,000,000.
    (d) Expiration.--The authority granted under this section shall 
expire on the date that is 4 years after the date of enactment of this 
section.
    (e) Covered Project Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
project'' means a project carried out by a non-Federal entity to 
construct and establish an aid to navigation that facilitates safe and 
efficient marine transportation on a Federal navigation project 
authorized by title I of the Water Resources Development Act of 2007 
(Public Law 110-114).

SEC. 5503. CORRECTIONS TO PROVISIONS ENACTED BY COAST GUARD 
              AUTHORIZATION ACTS.

    Section 604(b) of the Howard Coble Coast Guard and Maritime 
Transportation Act of 2014 (Public Law 113-281; 128 Stat. 3061) is 
amended by inserting ``and fishery endorsement'' after ``endorsement''.

SEC. 5504. SHIP SHOAL LIGHTHOUSE TRANSFER: REPEAL.

    Effective January 1, 2021, section 27 of the Coast Guard 
Authorization Act of 1991 (Public Law 102-241; 105 Stat. 2218) is 
repealed.

SEC. 5505. COAST GUARD MARITIME DOMAIN AWARENESS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the department in which the Coast 
Guard is operating shall seek to enter into an arrangement with the 
National Academy of Sciences not later than 60 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act under which the Academy shall prepare an 
assessment of available unmanned, autonomous, or remotely controlled 
maritime domain awareness technologies for use by the Coast Guard.
    (b) Assessment.--The assessment shall--
            (1) describe the potential limitations of current and 
        emerging unmanned technologies used in the maritime domain 
        for--
                    (A) ocean observation;
                    (B) vessel monitoring and identification;
                    (C) weather observation;
                    (D) to the extent practicable for consideration by 
                the Academy, intelligence gathering, surveillance, and 
                reconnaissance; and
                    (E) communications;
            (2) examine how technologies described in paragraph (1) can 
        help prioritize Federal investment by examining;
                    (A) affordability, including acquisition, 
                operations, and maintenance;
                    (B) reliability;
                    (C) versatility;
                    (D) efficiency; and
                    (E) estimated service life and persistence of 
                effort; and
            (3) analyze whether the use of new and emerging maritime 
        domain awareness technologies can be used to--
                    (A) carry out Coast Guard missions at lower costs;
                    (B) expand the scope and range of Coast Guard 
                maritime domain awareness;
                    (C) allow the Coast Guard to more efficiently and 
                effectively allocate Coast Guard vessels, aircraft, and 
                personnel; and
                    (D) identify adjustments that would be necessary in 
                Coast Guard policies, procedures, and protocols to 
                incorporate unmanned technologies to enhance 
                efficiency.
    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 1 year after entering into 
an arrangement with the Secretary under subsection (a), the National 
Academy of Sciences shall submit the assessment prepared under this 
section to the Committees on Transportation and Infrastructure and 
Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate.
    (d) Use of Information.--In formulating costs pursuant to 
subsection (b), the National Academy of Sciences may utilize 
information from other Coast Guard reports, assessments, or analyses 
regarding existing Coast Guard manpower requirements or other reports, 
assessments, or analyses for the acquisition of unmanned, autonomous, 
or remotely controlled technologies by the Federal Government.

SEC. 5506. TOWING SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FEES.

    (a) Review.--The Commandant of the Coast Guard shall--
            (1) review and compare the costs to the Government of--
                    (A) towing vessel inspections performed by the 
                Coast Guard; and
                    (B) such inspections performed by a third party; 
                and
            (2) based on such review and comparison, determine whether 
        the costs to the Government of such inspections performed by a 
        third party are different than the costs to the Government of 
        such inspections performed by the Coast Guard.
    (b) Revision of Fees.--If the Commandant determines under 
subsection (a) that the costs to the Government of such inspections 
performed by a third party are different than the costs to the 
Government of such inspections performed by the Coast Guard, then the 
Commandant shall revise the fee assessed by the Coast Guard for such 
inspections as necessary to conform to the requirements under section 
9701 of title 31, United States Code, that such fee be based on the 
cost to the Government of such inspections and accurately reflect such 
costs.

SEC. 5507. OIL SPILL DISBURSEMENTS AUDITING AND REPORT.

    Section 1012 of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (33 U.S.C. 2712) is 
amended--
            (1) by repealing subsection (g);
            (2) in subsection (l)(1), by striking ``Within one year 
        after the date of enactment of the Coast Guard Authorization 
        Act of 2010, and annually thereafter,'' and inserting ``Each 
        year, on the date on which the President submits to Congress a 
        budget under section 1105 of title 31, United States Code,''; 
        and
            (3) by amending subsection (l)(2) to read as follows:
            ``(2) Contents.--The report shall include--
                    ``(A) a list of each incident that--
                            ``(i) occurred in the preceding fiscal 
                        year; and
                            ``(ii) resulted in disbursements from the 
                        Fund, for removal costs and damages, totaling 
                        $500,000 or more;
                    ``(B) a list of each incident that--
                            ``(i) occurred in the fiscal year preceding 
                        the preceding fiscal year; and
                            ``(ii) resulted in disbursements from the 
                        Fund, for removal costs and damages, totaling 
                        $500,000 or more; and
                    ``(C) an accounting of any amounts reimbursed to 
                the Fund in the preceding fiscal year that were 
                recovered from a responsible party for an incident that 
                resulted in disbursements from the Fund, for removal 
                costs and damages, totaling $500,000 or more.''.

SEC. 5508. LAND EXCHANGE, AYAKULIK ISLAND, ALASKA.

    (a) Land Exchange.--If the owner of Ayakulik Island, Alaska, offers 
to exchange the Island for the Tract--
            (1) within 30 days after receiving such offer, the 
        Secretary shall provide notice of the offer to the Commandant;
            (2) within 90 days after receiving the notice under 
        paragraph (1), the Commandant shall develop and transmit to the 
        Secretary proposed operational restrictions on commercial 
        activity conducted on the Tract, including the right of the 
        Commandant to--
                    (A) order the immediate termination, for a period 
                of up to 72 hours, of any activity occurring on or from 
                the Tract that violates or threatens to violate one or 
                more of such restrictions; or
                    (B) commence a civil action for appropriate relief, 
                including a permanent or temporary injunction enjoining 
                the activity that violates or threatens to violate such 
                restrictions; and
            (3) within 90 days after receiving the proposed operational 
        restrictions from the Commandant, the Secretary shall transmit 
        such restrictions to the owner of Ayakulik Island; and
            (4) within 30 days after transmitting the proposed 
        operational restrictions to the owner of Ayakulik Island, and 
        if the owner agrees to such restrictions, the Secretary shall 
        convey all right, title and interest of the United States in 
        and to the Tract to the owner, subject to an easement granted 
        to the Commandant to enforce such restrictions, in exchange for 
        all right, title and interest of such owner in and to Ayakulik 
        Island.
    (b) Boundary Revisions.--The Secretary may make technical and 
conforming revisions to the boundaries of the Tract before the date of 
the exchange.
    (c) Public Land Order.--Effective on the date of an exchange under 
subsection (a), Public Land Order 5550 shall have no force or effect 
with respect to submerged lands that are part of the Tract.
    (d) Failure to Timely Respond to Notice.--If the Commandant does 
not transmit proposed operational restrictions to the Secretary within 
30 days after receiving the notice under subsection (a)(1), the 
Secretary shall, by not later than 60 days after transmitting such 
notice, convey all right, title, and interest of the United States in 
and to the Tract to the owner of Ayakulik Island in exchange for all 
right, title, and interest of such owner in and to Ayakulik Island.
    (e) CERCLA Not Affected.--This section and an exchange under this 
section shall not be construed to limit the application of or otherwise 
affect section 120(h) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, 
Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9620(h)).
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Commandant.--The term ``Commandant'' means the 
        Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is 
        operating, acting through the Commandant of the Coast Guard.
            (2) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of the Interior.
            (3) Tract.--The term ``Tract'' means the land (including 
        submerged land) depicted as ``PROPOSED PROPERTY EXCHANGE AREA'' 
        on the survey titled ``PROPOSED PROPERTY EXCHANGE PARCEL'' and 
        dated 3/22/17.

SEC. 5509. VESSEL RESPONSE PLANS IN THE ARCTIC REPORT.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, 
the Commandant of the Coast Guard shall submit to the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee 
on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a 
report on the oil spill prevention and response capabilities available 
for the area covered by the Captain of the Port Zone, as established by 
the Secretary, that includes the Arctic (as defined in section 112 of 
the Arctic Research and Policy Act of 1984 (15 U.S.C. 4111)). The 
report shall include--
            (1) a description of equipment and assets available for 
        response under the vessel response plans approved for vessels 
        operating in the area covered by such Captain of the Port Zone;
            (2) a description of the locations of such equipment and 
        assets, including an estimate of the time necessary to deploy 
        such equipment and assets;
            (3) a determination regarding how effectively such 
        equipment and assets are distributed throughout such Captain of 
        the Port Zone;
            (4) a determination regarding whether the ability to deploy 
        such equipment and assets is taken into account when measuring 
        the equipment and assets available;
            (5) a validation of the port assessment visit process and a 
        verification of the response resource inventory; and
            (6) a description of the resources needed by the Coast 
        Guard to conduct port assessments, exercises, response plan 
        review, and spill responses in such Captain of the Port Zone.

SEC. 5510. ASSESSMENT OF PUBLIC COMMENTS ON ADDITIONAL ANCHORAGES ON 
              THE HUDSON RIVER.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Commandant of the Coast Guard shall--
            (1) assess the public comments received by the Coast Guard 
        on proposals to establish additional anchorages on the Hudson 
        River between Yonkers, New York, and Kingston, New York; and
            (2) submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
        Senate a report on such assessment, including--
                    (A) a detailed summary of concerns raised in such 
                comments about the economic, safety, and environmental 
                impacts of such additional anchorages on the 
                communities bordering the Hudson River between Yonkers, 
                New York, and Kingston, New York, including impacts of 
                such anchorage grounds to sites listed on the National 
                Priorities List under the Comprehensive Environmental 
                Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 
                U.S.C. 9601 et seq.) and areas designated as critical 
                habitat of species listed as endangered species under 
                the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et 
                seq.); and
                    (B) the response of the Coast Guard to such 
                concerns.
    (b) Restriction.--The Commandant may not establish any of the 
anchorages described in subsection (a) before the end of the 180-day 
period beginning on the date of the submission of the report under 
subsection (a)(2).

SEC. 5511. PUBLIC SAFETY ANSWERING POINTS AND MARITIME SEARCH AND 
              RESCUE COORDINATION.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act--
            (1) the Secretary of the department in which the Coast 
        Guard is operating acting through the Commandant of the Coast 
        Guard shall review Coast Guard policies and procedures for 
        public safety answering points and search-and-rescue 
        coordination with State and local law enforcement entities in 
        order to--
                    (A) further minimize the possibility of maritime 
                911 calls being improperly routed; and
                    (B) assure the Coast Guard is able to effectively 
                carry out the Coast Guard's maritime search and rescue 
                mission; and
            (2) the Commandant shall formulate a national maritime 
        public safety answering points policy and submit a report to 
        the Congress on that subject.

SEC. 5512. DOCUMENTATION OF ``AMERICA'S FINEST''.

    Notwithstanding sections 12112 and 12113 of title 46, United States 
Code, the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is 
operating may issue a certificate of documentation with a coastwise and 
a fishery endorsement for the vessel America's Finest (United States 
official number 1276760).

         DIVISION F--FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY (FEMA)

SEC. 6001. SHORT TITLE.

    This division may be cited as the ``FEMA Reauthorization Act of 
2017''.

SEC. 6002. REAUTHORIZATION OF FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY.

    Section 699 of the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 
2006 (Public Law 109-295; 6 U.S.C. 811) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``administration and operations'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``management and 
        administration'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``; and'';
            (3) in paragraph (3), by striking the period and inserting 
        ``; and''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) for fiscal year 2018, $1,049,000,000;
            ``(5) for fiscal year 2019, $1,065,784,000; and
            ``(6) for fiscal year 2020, $1,082,836,544.''.

SEC. 6003. COMPREHENSIVE STUDY OF DISASTER COSTS AND LOSSES.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall begin, acting through 
the National Advisory Council, a comprehensive study relating to 
disaster costs and losses and Federal disaster assistance.
    (b) Additional Membership.--For the purposes of the comprehensive 
study required under subsection (a), as soon as practicable after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall appoint the 
following members to the National Advisory Council:
            (1) Individuals who have the requisite technical knowledge 
        and expertise on issues related to disaster costs and losses.
            (2) Representatives of the insurance industry.
            (3) Experts in and representatives of the construction and 
        building industry.
            (4) Individuals nominated by national organizations 
        representing State, local, and Tribal governments and 
        personnel.
            (5) Academic experts.
            (6) Representatives of the private industry, such as 
        vendors, developers, and manufacturers of systems, facilities, 
        equipment, and capabilities for emergency management services.
            (7) Other members, as the Administrator considers 
        appropriate.
    (c) Consultation With Nonmembers.--For the purposes of the 
comprehensive study required under subsection (a), the National 
Advisory Council shall consult with other relevant agencies and 
entities that are not represented on the National Advisory Council to 
consider research, data, findings, recommendations, innovative 
technologies, and developments, including--
            (1) entities engaged in federally funded research; and
            (2) academic institutions engaged in relevant work and 
        research.
    (d) Study Requirements.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the National Advisory Council shall convene to 
evaluate disaster costs and losses and Federal disaster assistance, 
including consideration of the following:
            (1) Trends and contributing factors.--An assessment of 
        trends, and factors contributing to such trends (such as 
        shifting demographics and aging infrastructure), in disaster 
        costs and losses and Federal disaster assistance, including the 
        following:
                    (A) Loss of life and injury.
                    (B) Property damage and other costs to individuals, 
                the private sector, and each level of government.
                    (C) Presidentially declared disasters.
                    (D) Disaster assistance available from all Federal 
                sources.
            (2) Disaster roles and responsibility.--Fundamental 
        principles that drive national disaster assistance decision 
        making, including the appropriate roles for each level of 
        government, the private sector, and individuals.
    (e) Recommendations.--The National Advisory Council shall develop 
recommendations to reduce disaster costs and losses in the United 
States and to more efficiently and effectively deliver Federal disaster 
assistance, including consideration of the following:
            (1) Actions to enhance national disaster assistance 
        decision making.
            (2) Incentives, including tax incentives, to reduce 
        disaster costs and losses and promote a more efficient and 
        effective use of Federal disaster assistance.
            (3) Mechanisms to promote disaster cost and loss reduction, 
        mitigation, and resiliency.
            (4) Legislative proposals, including proposals for 
        implementing the recommendations in the report compiled 
        pursuant to the requirement in section 1111 of the Sandy 
        Recovery Improvement Act of 2013 (Public Law 113-2; 127 Stat. 
        49).
            (5) Legal, societal, geographic, technological, and other 
        challenges to implementation of recommendations.
            (6) Projected dollar savings and efficiencies, including 
        measures of effectiveness, from recommendations.
    (f) Report to Administrator and Congress.--Not later than 1 year 
after the National Advisory Council convenes under subsection (d), the 
National Advisory Council shall submit a report containing the data, 
analysis, and recommendations developed under subsections (d) and (e) 
to--
            (1) the Administrator;
            (2) the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of 
        the House of Representatives; and
            (3) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
        Affairs of the Senate.
    (g) Availability of Information.--The Administrator shall make the 
data collected pursuant to this section publicly available on the 
website of the Agency.

SEC. 6004. NATIONAL DOMESTIC PREPAREDNESS CONSORTIUM.

    Section 1204 of the Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 
Commission Act (6 U.S.C. 1102) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c), by inserting ``to the extent 
        practicable, provide training in settings that simulate real 
        response environments, such as urban areas,'' after 
        ``levels,'';
            (2) in subsection (d), by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) 
        and inserting the following:
            ``(1) for the Center for Domestic Preparedness--
                    ``(A) $63,939,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    ``(B) $64,962,024 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    ``(C) $66,001,416 for fiscal year 2020; and
            ``(2) for the members referred to in paragraphs (2) through 
        (7) of subsection (b)--
                    ``(A) $101,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    ``(B) $102,606,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    ``(C) $104,247,856 for fiscal year 2020.''; and
            (3) in subsection (e) by striking--
                    (A) ``each of the following entities'' and 
                inserting ``members enumerated in section (b)'';
                    (B) ``2007--'' and inserting ``2015.'' and
                    (C) paragraphs (1) through (5).

SEC. 6005. RURAL DOMESTIC PREPAREDNESS CONSORTIUM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Homeland Security is authorized 
to establish a Rural Domestic Preparedness Consortium within the 
Department of Homeland Security consisting of universities and 
nonprofit organizations qualified to provide training to emergency 
response providers from rural communities.
    (b) Duties.--The Rural Domestic Preparedness Consortium authorized 
under subsection (a) shall identify, develop, test, and deliver 
training to State, local, and Tribal emergency response providers from 
rural communities, provide on-site and mobile training, and facilitate 
the delivery of training by the training partners of the Department of 
Homeland Security.
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--Of amounts appropriated for 
Continuing Training Grants of the Department of Homeland Security, 
$5,000,000 is authorized to be used for the Rural Domestic Preparedness 
Consortium authorized under subsection (a).

SEC. 6006. NATIONAL PREPARATION AND RESPONSE EFFORTS RELATING TO 
              EARTHQUAKES AND TSUNAMIS.

    The Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency shall 
be responsible for the Nation's efforts to reduce the loss of life and 
property, and to protect the Nation, from an earthquake, tsunami, or 
combined earthquake and tsunami event by developing the ability to 
prepare and plan for, mitigate against, respond to, recover from, and 
more successfully adapt to such an event.

SEC. 6007. AUTHORITIES.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the non-federally 
funded actions of private parties, State, local, or Tribal governments, 
on State, local, Tribal, and private land, and the effects of those 
actions, shall not be attributed to the Federal Emergency Management 
Agency's actions under the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 (42 
U.S.C. 4001 et seq.), the Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 (42 
U.S.C. 4002 et seq.), the Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform Act of 
2012 (subtitle A of title II of division F of Public Law 112-141; 126 
Stat. 916), and the Homeowner Flood Insurance Affordability Act of 2014 
(Public Law 113-89; 128 Stat. 1020) for the purposes of section 7 (16 
U.S.C. 1536) and section 9 (16 U.S.C. 1538) of the Endangered Species 
Act. Actions taken under the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968, the 
Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973, the Biggert Waters Flood 
Insurance Reform Act of 2012, and the Homeowner Flood Insurance 
Affordability Act of 2014, that may influence private actions do not 
create a Federal nexus for the purpose of applying the requirements of 
section 7 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1536).

SEC. 6008. CENTER FOR FAITH-BASED AND NEIGHBORHOOD PARTNERSHIPS.

    (a) In General.--Title V of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 311 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
section:

``SEC. 529. CENTER FOR FAITH-BASED AND NEIGHBORHOOD PARTNERSHIPS.

    ``(a) In General.--There is established in the Agency a Center for 
Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships, headed by a Director 
appointed by the Secretary.
    ``(b) Mission.--The mission of the Center shall be to develop and 
coordinate Departmental outreach efforts with faith-based and community 
organizations and serve as a liaison between such organizations and 
components of the Department for activities related to securing 
facilities, emergency preparedness and response, and combating human 
trafficking.
    ``(c) Responsibilities.--In support of the mission of the Center 
for Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships, the Director shall--
            ``(1) develop exercises that engage faith-based and 
        community organizations to test capabilities for all hazards, 
        including active shooter incidents;
            ``(2) coordinate the delivery of guidance and training to 
        faith-based and community organizations related to securing 
        their facilities against natural disasters, acts of terrorism, 
        and other man-made disasters;
            ``(3) conduct outreach to faith-based and community 
        organizations regarding guidance, training, and exercises and 
        Departmental capabilities available to assist faith-based and 
        community organizations to secure their facilities against 
        natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made 
        disasters;
            ``(4) facilitate engagement and coordination among the 
        emergency management community and faith-based and community 
        organizations;
            ``(5) deliver training and technical assistance to faith-
        based and community-based organizations and provide subject-
        matter expertise related to anti-human trafficking efforts to 
        help communities successfully partner with other Blue Campaign 
        components; and
            ``(6) perform any other duties as assigned by the 
        Administrator.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
such Act is further amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 528 the following:

``Sec. 529. Center For Faith-Based And Neighborhood Partnerships.''.

SEC. 6009. EMERGENCY SUPPORT FUNCTIONS.

    (a) Update.--Paragraph (13) of section 504(a) of the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 314(a)) is amended by inserting ``, 
periodically updating (but not less often than once every five 
years),'' after ``administering''.
    (b) Emergency Support Functions.--Section 653 of the Post-Katrina 
Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006 (6 U.S.C. 753; title VI of the 
Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2007; Public Law 
109-295) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
        (e) and (f), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(d) Coordination.--The President, acting through the 
Administrator, shall develop and provide to Federal departments and 
agencies with coordinating, primary, or supporting responsibilities 
under the National Response Framework performance metrics to ensure 
readiness to execute responsibilities under the emergency support 
functions of such Framework.''.

SEC. 6010. REVIEW OF NATIONAL INCIDENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM.

    Paragraph (2) of section 509(b) of the Homeland Security Act of 
2002 (6 U.S.C. 319(b)) is amended, in the matter preceding subparagraph 
(A), by inserting ``, but not less often than once every five years,'' 
after ``periodically''.

SEC. 6011. REMEDIAL ACTION MANAGEMENT PROGRAM.

    Section 650 of the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 
2006 (6 U.S.C. 750; title VI of the Department of Homeland Security 
Appropriations Act, 2007; Public Law 109-295) is amended to read as 
follows:

``SEC. 650. REMEDIAL ACTION MANAGEMENT PROGRAM.

    ``(a) In General.--The Administrator, in coordination with the 
National Council on Disability and the National Advisory Council, shall 
establish a remedial action management program to--
            ``(1) analyze training, exercises, and real world events to 
        identify lessons learned, corrective actions, and best 
        practices;
            ``(2) generate and disseminate, as appropriate, the lessons 
        learned, corrective actions, and best practices referred to in 
        paragraph (1); and
            ``(3) conduct remedial action tracking and long-term trend 
        analysis.
    ``(b) Federal Corrective Actions.--The Administrator, in 
coordination with the heads of appropriate Federal departments and 
agencies, shall utilize the program established pursuant to subsection 
(a) to collect information on corrective actions identified by such 
Federal departments and agencies during exercises and the response to 
natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters, and 
shall, not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
section and annually thereafter for each of the next four years, submit 
to Congress a report on the status of such corrective actions.
    ``(c) Dissemination of After Action Reports.--The Administrator 
shall provide electronically, to the maximum extent practicable, to 
Congress and Federal, State, local, Tribal, and private sector 
officials after-action reports and information on lessons learned and 
best practices from responses to acts of terrorism, natural disasters, 
capstone exercises conducted under the national exercise program under 
section 648(b), and other emergencies or exercises.''.

SEC. 6012. CENTER FOR DOMESTIC PREPAREDNESS.

    (a) Implementation Plan.--The Administrator of the Federal 
Emergency Management Agency shall develop an implementation plan, 
including benchmarks and milestones, to address the findings and 
recommendations of the 2017 Management Review Team that issued a report 
on May 8, 2017, regarding live agent training at the Chemical, 
Ordnance, Biological and Radiological Training Facility and provide to 
the Committee on Homeland Security and the Committee on Transportation 
and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate updates and 
information on efforts to implement recommendations related to the 
management review of the Chemical, Ordnance, Biological, and 
Radiological Training Facility of the Center for Domestic Preparedness 
of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, including, as necessary, 
information on additional resources or authority needed to implement 
such recommendations.
    (b) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than one year after the 
date of the enactment of this section, the Comptroller General of the 
United States shall review and report to Congress on the status of the 
implementation plan required by subsection (a) and the governance 
structure at the Chemical, Ordnance, Biological and Radiological 
Training Facility of the Center for Domestic Preparedness of the 
Federal Emergency Management Agency.

SEC. 6013. FEMA SENIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT ADVISOR.

    (a) In General.--Title V of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
U.S.C. 311 et seq.), as amended by this Act, is further amended by 
adding at the end the following new section:

``SEC. 530. SENIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT ADVISOR.

    ``(a) Establishment.--There is established in the Agency a Senior 
Law Enforcement Advisor to serve as a qualified expert to the 
Administrator for the purpose of strengthening the Agency's 
coordination among State, local, and Tribal law enforcement.
    ``(b) Qualifications.--The Senior Law Enforcement Advisor shall 
have an appropriate background with experience in law enforcement, 
intelligence, information sharing, and other emergency response 
functions.
    ``(c) Responsibilities.--The Senior Law Enforcement Advisor shall--
            ``(1) coordinate on behalf of the Administrator with the 
        Office for State and Local Law Enforcement under section 2006 
        for the purpose of ensuring State, local, and Tribal law 
        enforcement receive consistent and appropriate consideration in 
        policies, guidance, training, and exercises related to 
        preventing, preparing for, protecting against, and responding 
        to natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made 
        disasters within the United States;
            ``(2) work with the Administrator and the Office for State 
        and Local Law Enforcement under section 2006 to ensure grants 
        to State, local, and Tribal government agencies, including 
        programs under sections 2003, 2004, and 2006(a), appropriately 
        focus on terrorism prevention activities; and
            ``(3) serve other appropriate functions as determined by 
        the Administrator.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as amended by this Act, is further 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 529 the 
following new item:

``Sec. 530. Senior Law Enforcement Advisor.''.

SEC. 6014. TECHNICAL EXPERT AUTHORIZED.

    Paragraph (2) of section 503(b) of the Homeland Security Act of 
2002 (6 U.S.C. 313(b)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (G), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (H), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(I) identify and integrate the needs of children 
                into activities to prepare for, protect against, 
                respond to, recover from, and mitigate against natural 
                disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made 
                disasters, including catastrophic incidents, including 
                by appointing a technical expert, who may consult with 
                relevant outside organizations and experts, as 
                necessary, to coordinate such activities, as 
                necessary.''.

SEC. 6015. MISSION SUPPORT.

    (a) Establishment.--The Administrator of the Federal Emergency 
Management Agency shall designate an individual to serve as the chief 
management official and principal advisor to the Administrator on 
matters related to the management of the Federal Emergency Management 
Agency, including management integration in support of emergency 
management operations and programs.
    (b) Mission and Responsibilities.--The Administrator of the Federal 
Emergency Management Agency, acting through the official designated 
pursuant to subsection (a), shall be responsible for the management and 
administration of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, including 
with respect to the following:
            (1) Procurement.
            (2) Human resources and personnel.
            (3) Information technology and communications systems.
            (4) Real property investment and planning, facilities, 
        accountable personal property (including fleet and other 
        material resources), records and disclosure, privacy, safety 
        and health, and sustainability and environmental management.
            (5) Security for personnel, information technology and 
        communications systems, facilities, property, equipment, and 
        other material resources.
            (6) Any other management duties that the Administrator may 
        designate.
    (c) Mount Weather Emergency Operations and Associated Facilities.--
Nothing in this section shall be construed as limiting or otherwise 
affecting the role or responsibility of the Assistant Administrator for 
National Continuity Programs with respect to the matters described in 
subsection (b) as such matters relate to the Mount Weather Emergency 
Operations Center and associated facilities. The management and 
administration of the Mount Weather Emergency Operations Center and 
associated facilities remain the responsibility of the Assistant 
Administrator for National Continuity Programs.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Federal Emergency 
Management Agency shall submit to the Committee on Homeland Security 
and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
Affairs of the Senate a report that includes--
            (1) a review of financial, human capital, information 
        technology, real property planning, and acquisition management 
        of headquarters and all regional offices of the Federal 
        Emergency Management Agency; and
            (2) a strategy for capturing financial, human capital, 
        information technology, real property planning, and acquisition 
        data.

SEC. 6016. SYSTEMS MODERNIZATION.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency shall 
submit to the Committee on Homeland Security and the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the 
Senate a report on the Federal Emergency Management Agency's efforts to 
modernize its grants and financial information technology systems, 
including the following:
            (1) A summary of all previous efforts to modernize such 
        systems.
            (2) An assessment of long-term cost savings and 
        efficiencies gained through such modernization effort.
            (3) A capability needs assessment.
            (4) Estimated quarterly costs.
            (5) Estimated acquisition life-cycle dates, including 
        acquisition decision events.

SEC. 6017. STRATEGIC HUMAN CAPITAL PLAN.

    Subsection (c) of section 10102 of title 5, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``2007'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 6018. OFFICE OF DISABILITY INTEGRATION AND COORDINATION OF 
              DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY.

    (a) Office of Disability Integration and Coordination.--
            (1) In general.--Section 513 of the Homeland Security Act 
        of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 321b) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 513. OFFICE OF DISABILITY INTEGRATION AND COORDINATION.

    ``(a) In General.--There is established within the Federal 
Emergency Management Agency an Office of Disability Integration and 
Coordination, which shall be headed by a Director.
    ``(b) Mission.--The mission of the Office is to ensure that 
individuals with disabilities and other access and functional needs are 
included in emergency management activities throughout the Agency by 
providing guidance, tools, methods, and strategies for the purpose of 
equal physical program and effective communication access.
    ``(c) Responsibilities.--In support of the mission of the Office, 
the Director shall--
            ``(1) provide guidance and coordination on matters related 
        to individuals with disabilities in emergency planning 
        requirements and relief efforts in the event of a natural 
        disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster;
            ``(2) oversee Office staff and personnel responsible for 
        disability integration in each regional office with respect to 
        carrying out the mission of the Office;
            ``(3) liaise with the staff of the Agency including 
        nonpermanent employees, organizations representing individuals 
        with disabilities, other agencies of the Federal Government, 
        and State, local, and Tribal government authorities regarding 
        the needs of individuals with disabilities in emergency 
        planning requirements and relief efforts in the event of a 
        natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster;
            ``(4) coordinate with the technical expert on the needs of 
        children within the Agency to provide guidance and coordination 
        on matters related to children with disabilities in emergency 
        planning requirements and relief efforts in the event of a 
        natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster;
            ``(5) consult with organizations representing individuals 
        with disabilities about access and functional needs in 
        emergency planning requirements and relief efforts in the event 
        of a natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made 
        disaster;
            ``(6) ensure the coordination and dissemination of best 
        practices and model evacuation plans for individuals with 
        disabilities;
            ``(7) collaborate with Agency leadership responsible for 
        training to ensure that qualified experts develop easily 
        accessible training materials and a curriculum for the training 
        of emergency response providers, State, local, and Tribal 
        government officials, and others on the needs of individuals 
        with disabilities;
            ``(8) coordinate with the Emergency Management Institute, 
        Center for Domestic Preparedness, Center for Homeland Defense 
        and Security, U.S. Fire Administration, National Exercise 
        Program, and National Domestic Preparedness Consortium to 
        ensure that content related to persons with disabilities, 
        access and functional needs, and children are integrated into 
        existing and future emergency management trainings;
            ``(9) promote the accessibility of telephone hotlines and 
        websites regarding emergency preparedness, evacuations, and 
        disaster relief;
            ``(10) work to ensure that video programming distributors, 
        including broadcasters, cable operators, and satellite 
        television services, make emergency information accessible to 
        individuals with hearing and vision disabilities;
            ``(11) ensure the availability of accessible transportation 
        options for individuals with disabilities in the event of an 
        evacuation;
            ``(12) provide guidance and implement policies to ensure 
        that the rights and feedback of individuals with disabilities 
        regarding post-evacuation residency and relocation are 
        respected;
            ``(13) ensure that meeting the needs of individuals with 
        disabilities are included in the components of the national 
        preparedness system established under section 644 of the Post-
        Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006 (Public Law 
        109-295; 120 Stat. 1425; 6 U.S.C. 744); and
            ``(14) perform any other duties as assigned by the 
        Administrator.
    ``(d) Director.--After consultation with organizations representing 
individuals with disabilities, the Administrator shall appoint a 
Director. The Director shall report directly to the Administrator, in 
order to ensure that the needs of individuals with disabilities are 
being properly addressed in emergency preparedness and disaster relief.
    ``(e) Organizations Representing Individuals With Disabilities 
Defined.--For purposes of this section, `organizations representing 
individuals with disabilities' shall mean the National Council on 
Disabilities and the Interagency Coordinating Council on Preparedness 
and Individuals with Disabilities, among other appropriate disability 
organizations.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents in section 
        1(b) of such Act is amended by striking the item relating to 
        section 513 and inserting the following new item:

``513. Office of Disability Integration and Coordination.''.
    (b) Reporting.--
            (1) Report to congress.--Not later than 120 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this section, the Administrator shall 
        submit to Congress a report on the funding and staffing needs 
        of the Office of Disability Integration and Coordination under 
        section 513 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as amended by 
        subsection (a).
            (2) Comptroller general review.--Not later than 120 days 
        after the date of the submittal of the report under paragraph 
        (1), the Comptroller General of the United States shall review 
        the report to evaluate whether the funding and staffing needs 
        described in the report are sufficient to support the 
        activities of the Office of Disability Integration and 
        Coordination.

SEC. 6019. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS TO NATIONAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT.

    (a) Homeland Security Act of 2002.--Title V of the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 501 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) in section 501(8) (6 U.S.C. 311(8))--
                    (A) by striking ``National Response Plan'' each 
                place it appears and inserting ``National Response 
                Framework''; and
                    (B) by striking ``502(a)(6)'' and inserting 
                ``504(a)(6)'';
            (2) in section 503(b)(2)(A) (6 U.S.C. 313) by inserting 
        ``and incidents impacting critical infrastructure'' before the 
        semicolon;
            (3) in section 504(a) (6 U.S.C. 314(a))--
                    (A) in paragraph (3) by striking ``, including--'' 
                and inserting ``(that includes incidents impacting 
                critical infrastructure), including--'';
                    (B) in paragraph (4) by inserting ``, including 
                incidents impacting critical infrastructure'' before 
                the semicolon;
                    (C) in paragraph (5) by striking ``and local'' and 
                inserting ``local, and Tribal'';
                    (D) in paragraph (6) by striking ``national 
                response plan'' and inserting ``national response 
                framework, which shall be reviewed and updated as 
                required but not less than every 5 years'';
                    (E) by redesignating paragraphs (7) through (21) as 
                paragraphs (8) through (22), respectively;
                    (F) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following:
            ``(7) developing integrated frameworks, to include 
        consolidating existing Government plans addressing prevention, 
        protection, mitigation, and recovery with such frameworks 
        reviewed and updated as required, but not less than every 5 
        years;''; and
                    (G) in paragraph (14), as redesignated, by striking 
                ``National Response Plan'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``National Response Framework'';
            (4) in section 507 (6 U.S.C. 317)--
                    (A) in subsection (c)--
                            (i) in paragraph (2)(E), by striking 
                        ``National Response Plan'' and inserting 
                        ``National Response Framework''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (3)(A), by striking 
                        ``National Response Plan'' and inserting 
                        ``National Response Framework''; and
                    (B) in subsection (f)(1)(G), by striking ``National 
                Response Plan'' and inserting ``National Response 
                Framework'';
            (5) in section 508 (6 U.S.C. 318)--
                    (A) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``National 
                Response Plan'' and inserting ``National Response 
                Framework''; and
                    (B) in subsection (d)(2)(A), by striking ``The 
                Deputy Administrator, Protection and National 
                Preparedness'' and inserting ``A Deputy 
                Administrator'';
            (6) in section 509 (6 U.S.C. 319)--
                    (A) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1)--
                                    (I) by striking ``National Response 
                                Plan'' and inserting ``National 
                                Response Framework, National Protection 
                                Framework, National Prevention 
                                Framework, National Mitigation 
                                Framework, National Recovery 
                                Framework'';
                                    (II) by striking ``successor'' and 
                                inserting ``successors''; and
                                    (III) by striking ``plan'' at the 
                                end of that paragraph and inserting 
                                ``framework''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                        ``National Response Plan'' each place it 
                        appears and inserting ``National Response 
                        Framework''; and
                    (B) in subsection (c)(1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``National response 
                                plan'' in the header and inserting 
                                ``National response framework''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``National 
                                Response Plan'' in the text and 
                                inserting ``National Response 
                                Framework''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``National Response Plan'' and inserting 
                        ``National Response Framework'';
            (7) in section 510 (6 U.S.C. 320)--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``enter into a 
                memorandum of understanding'' and inserting 
                ``partner'';
                    (B) in subsection (b)(1)(A), by striking ``National 
                Response Plan'' and inserting ``National Response 
                Framework''; and
                    (C) in subsection (c), by striking ``National 
                Response Plan'' and inserting ``National Response 
                Framework'';
            (8) in section 515(c)(1) (6 U.S.C. 321d(c)(1)), by striking 
        ``and local'' each place it appears and inserting ``, local, 
        and Tribal'';
            (9) by striking section 524 (6 U.S.C. 321m); and
            (10) in section 525(a) (6 U.S.C. 321n), by striking 
        ``Secretary'' and inserting ``Administrator''.
    (b) Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006.--
            (1) Citation correction.--Section 602(13) of the Post-
        Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006 (6 U.S.C. 
        701(13)) is amended by striking ``502(a)(6)'' and inserting 
        ``504(a)(6)''.
            (2) Change of reference.--Chapter 1 of subtitle C of title 
        VI of the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006 
        (Public Law 109-295) is amended by striking ``National Response 
        Plan'' each place it appears and inserting ``National Response 
        Framework''.
    (c) Savings Clause.--The amendments made by subsection (a) to 
section 503(b)(2)(A) and paragraphs (3) and (4) of section 504(a) of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002 shall not be construed as affecting 
the authority, existing on the day before the date of enactment of this 
division, of any other component of the Department of


              

 Homeland Security or any other Federal department or agency.

            Passed the House of Representatives July 20, 2017.

            Attest:

                                                 KAREN L. HAAS,

                                                                 Clerk.