Summary: H.R.2 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Passed House amended (06/21/2018)

Agriculture and Nutrition Act of 2018

This bill (commonly known as the farm bill) reauthorizes through FY2023 and modifies Department of Agriculture (USDA) programs that address:

  • commodity support,
  • conservation,
  • trade and international food aid,
  • nutrition assistance,
  • farm credit,
  • rural development,
  • research and extension activities,
  • forestry,
  • horticulture, and
  • crop insurance.

The bill modifies agriculture and nutrition policies to:

  • expand the work requirements and modify the eligibility rules for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly known as the food stamp program),
  • repeal the Conservation Stewardship Program and incorporate parts of the program into the Environmental Quality Incentives Program,
  • revise the requirements and process for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) pesticide registration program,
  • require farmers to make a one-time election to obtain either price loss coverage or agricultural risk coverage for the 2019-2023 crop years,
  • allow payment yields used for price loss coverage payments to be updated once in counties affected by drought,
  • rename the Margin Protection Program for dairy producers as the Dairy Risk Management Program and modify coverage levels and premiums,
  • combine several trade programs into a single International Market Development Program,
  • increase the loan limits for guaranteed farm ownership and operating loans,
  • establish new broadband standards for projects financed through USDA, and
  • expand the categorical exclusions that exempt certain forest management activities from requirements under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) to prepare an environmental assessment or an environmental impact statement.

The bill also repeals the Clean Water rule (also known as the Waters of the United States rule), which was issued by the EPA and the Army Corps of Engineers to define the scope of waters protected and regulated under the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (commonly known as the Clean Water Act).