Text: H.R.3017 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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Received in Senate (12/01/2017)


115th CONGRESS
1st Session
H. R. 3017


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

December 1, 2017

Received


AN ACT

To amend the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 to reauthorize and improve the brownfields program, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Brownfields Enhancement, Economic Redevelopment, and Reauthorization Act of 2017”.

SEC. 2. Redevelopment certainty for governmental entities.

Section 101(20)(D) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601(20)(D)) is amended by striking “ownership or control” and all that follows through “by virtue” and inserting “ownership or control through seizure or otherwise in connection with law enforcement activity, or through bankruptcy, tax delinquency, abandonment, or other circumstances in which the government acquires title by virtue”.

SEC. 3. Petroleum brownfield enhancement.

Section 101(39)(D)(ii)(II) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601(39)(D)(ii)(II)) is amended by amending item (bb) to read as follows:

“(bb) is a site for which there is no viable responsible party and that is determined by the Administrator or the State, as appropriate, to be a site that will be assessed, investigated, or cleaned up by a person that is not potentially liable for cleaning up the site under this Act or any other law pertaining to the cleanup of petroleum products; and”.

SEC. 4. Clarification of leaseholder interest.

Section 101(40) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601(40)) is amended—

(1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking “(or a tenant of a person) that acquires ownership of” and inserting “who acquires ownership of, or a leasehold interest in,”;

(2) in subparagraph (A), by inserting “or the leasehold interest in the facility” before the period at the end;

(3) in subparagraph (B)—

(A) in clause (ii), by inserting “with respect to a person who acquires ownership of a facility. The Administrator shall establish standards and practices with respect to a person who acquires a leasehold interest in a facility” before the period at the end; and

(B) in clause (iii), by inserting “, or acquisition of a leasehold interest,” after “time of purchase”;

(4) in subparagraph (H)(i)(II), by inserting “, by the instruments by which the leasehold interest in the facility is acquired after January 11, 2002,” after “financed”; and

(5) by adding at the end the following:

    “(I) LEASEHOLDERS.—In the case of a person holding a leasehold interest in a facility—

    “(i) the leasehold interest in the facility—

    “(I) is for a term of not less than 5 years; and

    “(II) grants the person control of, and access to, the facility; and

    “(ii) the person is responsible for the management of all hazardous substances at the facility.”.

SEC. 5. Expanded eligibility for nonprofit organizations.

(a) Nonprofit organizations.—Section 104(k)(1) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9604(k)(1)) is amended—

(1) in subparagraph (G), by striking “or” after the semicolon;

(2) in subparagraph (H), by striking the period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and

(3) by adding at the end the following:

“(I) an organization described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of that Code;

“(J) a limited liability corporation in which all managing members are organizations described in subparagraph (I) or limited liability corporations whose sole members are organizations described in subparagraph (I);

“(K) a limited partnership in which all general partners are organizations described in subparagraph (I) or limited liability corporations whose sole members are organizations described in subparagraph (I); or

“(L) a qualified community development entity (as defined in section 45D(c)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986).”.

(b) Conforming amendments.—Section 104(k) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9604(k)) is amended—

(1) in paragraph (3)—

(A) in subparagraph (A)(ii)—

(i) by striking “or nonprofit organizations”; and

(ii) by striking “entity or organization” and inserting “eligible entity”; and

(B) in subparagraph (B)(ii)—

(i) by striking “or other nonprofit organization”; and

(ii) by striking “or nonprofit organization”; and

(2) in paragraph (6)(A), by striking “or nonprofit organizations”.

SEC. 6. Treatment of publicly owned brownfield sites.

Section 104(k) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9604) is amended—

(1) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end the following:

    “(C) EXEMPTION FOR CERTAIN PUBLICLY OWNED BROWNFIELD SITES.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an eligible entity described in any of subparagraphs (A) through (H) of paragraph (1) may receive a grant under this paragraph for property acquired by that eligible entity prior to January 11, 2002, even if such eligible entity does not qualify as a bona fide prospective purchaser, so long as the eligible entity has not caused or contributed to a release or threatened release of a hazardous substance at the property.”;

(2) in paragraph (3), by adding at the end the following:

    “(E) EXEMPTION FOR CERTAIN PUBLICLY OWNED BROWNFIELD SITES.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an eligible entity described in any of subparagraphs (A) through (H) of paragraph (1) may receive a grant or loan under this paragraph for property acquired by that eligible entity prior to January 11, 2002, even if such eligible entity does not qualify as a bona fide prospective purchaser, so long as the eligible entity has not caused or contributed to a release or threatened release of a hazardous substance at the property.”; and

(3) in paragraph (4)(B)(iii)—

(A) by striking “up to 25 percent of the”; and

(B) by inserting “described in any of subparagraphs (A) through (H) of paragraph (1)” after “eligible entities”.

SEC. 7. Remediation grant enhancement.

Section 104(k)(3)(A)(ii) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9604(k)(3)(A)(ii)) is amended by striking “$200,000 for each site to be remediated” and inserting “$500,000 for each site to be remediated, which limit may be waived by the Administrator, but not to exceed a total of $750,000 for each site, based on the anticipated level of contamination, size, or ownership status of the site”.

SEC. 8. Multipurpose brownfields grants.

Section 104(k) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9604(k)) is amended—

(1) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (12) as paragraphs (5) through (13), respectively;

(2) in paragraph (3)(A), by striking “Subject to paragraphs (4) and (5)” and inserting “Subject to paragraphs (5) and (6)”;

(3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:

“(4) MULTIPURPOSE BROWNFIELDS GRANTS.—

“(A) IN GENERAL.—Subject to subparagraph (D) and paragraphs (5) and (6), the Administrator shall establish a program to provide multipurpose grants to an eligible entity based on the criteria under subparagraph (C) and the considerations under paragraph (3)(C), to carry out inventory, characterization, assessment, planning, or remediation activities at 1 or more brownfield sites in an area proposed by the eligible entity.

“(B) GRANT AMOUNTS.—

“(i) INDIVIDUAL GRANT AMOUNTS.—Each grant awarded under this paragraph shall not exceed $1,000,000.

“(ii) CUMULATIVE GRANT AMOUNTS.—The total amount of grants awarded for each fiscal year under this paragraph may not exceed 15 percent of the amounts made available for the fiscal year to carry out this subsection.

“(C) CRITERIA.—In awarding a grant under this paragraph, the Administrator shall consider the extent to which the eligible entity is able—

“(i) to provide an overall plan for revitalization of the 1 or more brownfield sites in the proposed area in which the multipurpose grant will be used;

“(ii) to demonstrate a capacity to conduct the range of activities that will be funded by the multipurpose grant; and

“(iii) to demonstrate that a multipurpose grant will meet the needs of the 1 or more brownfield sites in the proposed area.

“(D) CONDITION.—As a condition of receiving a grant under this paragraph, each eligible entity shall expend the full amount of the grant not later than the date that is 5 years after the date on which the grant is awarded to the eligible entity, unless the Administrator provides an extension.

“(E) OWNERSHIP.—An eligible entity that receives a grant under this paragraph may not expend any of the grant funds on remediation of a brownfield site until such time as the eligible entity owns the brownfield site.”; and

(4) by striking “(2) or (3)” each place it appears and inserting “(2), (3), or (4)”.

SEC. 9. Administrative costs for grant recipients.

Paragraph (5) of section 104(k) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9604(k)) (as redesignated by section 8 of this Act) is amended—

(1) in subparagraph (B)—

(A) in clause (i)—

(i) by striking subclause (III); and

(ii) by redesignating subclauses (IV) and (V) as subclauses (III) and (IV), respectively;

(B) by striking clause (ii);

(C) by redesignating clause (iii) as clause (ii); and

(D) in clause (ii) (as redesignated by subparagraph (C) of this paragraph), by striking “Notwithstanding clause (i)(IV)” and inserting “Notwithstanding clause (i)(III)”; and

(2) by adding at the end the following:

    “(E) ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS.—

    “(i) IN GENERAL.—An eligible entity may use up to 5 percent of the amounts made available under a grant or loan under this subsection for administrative costs.

    “(ii) RESTRICTION.—For purposes of clause (i), the term ‘administrative costs’ does not include—

    “(I) investigation and identification of the extent of contamination of a brownfield site;

    “(II) design and performance of a response action; or

    “(III) monitoring of a natural resource.”.

SEC. 10. Renewable energy on brownfield sites.

Paragraph (6) of section 104(k) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9604(k)) (as redesignated by section 8 of this Act) is amended by adding at the end of subparagraph (C) the following:

“(xi) The extent to which a grant would facilitate the production of renewable energy on the site.”.

SEC. 11. Small community technical assistance grants.

(a) In general.—Section 128(a)(1)(B) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9628(a)(1)(B)) is amended—

(1) in clause (ii)—

(A) in subclause (I), by striking “; or” and inserting a semicolon;

(B) in subclause (II), by striking the period at the end and inserting “; or”; and

(C) by adding at the end the following:

“(III) assist small communities, Indian tribes, rural areas, or disadvantaged areas in carrying out activities described in section 104(k)(7)(A) with respect to brownfield sites.”; and

(2) by adding at the end the following:

“(iii) SMALL COMMUNITIES, INDIAN TRIBES, RURAL AREAS, AND DISADVANTAGED AREAS.—

“(I) IN GENERAL.—To make grants to States or Indian tribes under clause (ii)(III), the Administrator may use not more than $1,500,000 of the amounts made available to carry out section 104(k)(7) in each fiscal year.

“(II) LIMITATION.—Each grant made under subclause (I) may be not more than $20,000.

“(iv) DEFINITIONS.—In this subparagraph:

“(I) DISADVANTAGED AREA.—The term ‘disadvantaged area’ means a community with an annual median household income that is less than 2⁄3 of the statewide annual median household income, as determined by the President based on the latest available decennial census.

“(II) SMALL COMMUNITY.—The term ‘small community’ means a community with a population of not more than 10,000 individuals, as determined by the President based on the latest available decennial census.”.

(b) Conforming amendment.—Section 104(g)(1) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9604(g)(1)) is amended by inserting “or section 128(a)(1)(B)(ii)(III)” after “under this section”.

SEC. 12. Brownfields funding.

Paragraph (13) of section 104(k) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9604(k)) (as redesignated by section 8 of this Act) is amended to read as follows:

“(13) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $200,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 through 2022.”.

SEC. 13. State response program funding.

Section 128(a)(3) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9628(a)(3)) is amended to read as follows:

“(3) FUNDING.—There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 through 2022.”.

Passed the House of Representatives November 30, 2017.

    Attest: karen l. haas,   
    Clerk