Text: H.R.302 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

Text available as:

Shown Here:
Public Law No: 115-254 (10/05/2018)

 
[115th Congress Public Law 254]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]



[[Page 3185]]

                     FAA REAUTHORIZATION ACT OF 2018


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Public Law 115-254
115th Congress

                                 An Act


 
  To provide protections for certain sports medicine professionals, to 
   reauthorize Federal aviation programs, to improve aircraft safety 
    certification processes, and for other purposes. <<NOTE: Oct. 5, 
                          2018 -  [H.R. 302]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: FAA 
Reauthorization Act of 2018.>> 
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  Short Title.--This Act may be 
cited as the ``FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018''.

    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

  DIVISION A <<NOTE: Sports Medicine Licensure Clarity Act of 2018>> --
SPORTS MEDICINE LICENSURE

Sec. 11. <<NOTE: 15 USC 8601 note.>>  Short title.

Sec. 12. <<NOTE: 15 USC 8601.>>  Protections for covered sports medicine 
           professionals.

               DIVISION B--FAA REAUTHORIZATION ACT OF 2018

Sec. 101. Definition of appropriate committees of Congress.

                         TITLE I--AUTHORIZATIONS

                   Subtitle A--Funding of FAA Programs

Sec. 111. Airport planning and development and noise compatibility 
           planning and programs.
Sec. 112. Facilities and equipment.
Sec. 113. FAA operations.
Sec. 114. Weather reporting programs.
Sec. 115. Adjustment to AIP program funding.
Sec. 116. Funding for aviation programs.
Sec. 117. Extension of expiring authorities.

                 Subtitle B--Passenger Facility Charges

Sec. 121. Passenger facility charge modernization.
Sec. 122. Future aviation infrastructure and financing study.
Sec. 123. Intermodal access projects.

          Subtitle C--Airport Improvement Program Modifications

Sec. 131. Grant assurances.
Sec. 132. Mothers' rooms.
Sec. 133. Contract Tower Program.
Sec. 134. Government share of project costs.
Sec. 135. Updated veterans' preference.
Sec. 136. Use of State highway specifications.
Sec. 137. Former military airports.
Sec. 138. Eligibility of CCTV projects for airport improvement program.
Sec. 139. State block grant program expansion.
Sec. 140. Non-movement area surveillance pilot program.
Sec. 141. Property conveyance releases.
Sec. 142. Study regarding technology usage at airports.
Sec. 143. Study on airport revenue diversion.

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Sec. 144. GAO study on the effect of granting an exclusive right of 
           aeronautical services to an airport sponsor.
Sec. 145. Sense of Congress on smart airports.
Sec. 146. Critical airfield markings.
Sec. 147. General facilities authority.
Sec. 148. Recycling plans; uncategorized small airports.
Sec. 149. Evaluation of airport master plans.
Sec. 150. Definition of small business concern.
Sec. 151. Small airport regulation relief.
Sec. 152. Construction of certain control towers.
Sec. 153. Nondiscrimination.
Sec. 154. Definition of airport development.
Sec. 155. General aviation airport expired funds.
Sec. 156. Priority review of construction projects in cold weather 
           States.
Sec. 157. Minority and disadvantaged business participation.
Sec. 158. Supplemental discretionary funds.
Sec. 159. State taxation.
Sec. 160. Airport investment partnership program.
Sec. 161. Remote tower pilot program for rural and small communities.
Sec. 162. Airport access roads in remote locations.
Sec. 163. Limited regulation of non-federally sponsored property.
Sec. 164. Seasonal airports.
Sec. 165. Amendments to definitions.
Sec. 166. Pilot program sunsets.
Sec. 167. Buy America requirements.

        Subtitle D--Airport Noise and Environmental Streamlining

Sec. 171. Funding eligibility for airport energy efficiency assessments.
Sec. 172. Authorization of certain flights by stage 2 aircraft.
Sec. 173. Alternative airplane noise metric evaluation deadline.
Sec. 174. Updating airport noise exposure maps.
Sec. 175. Addressing community noise concerns.
Sec. 176. Community involvement in FAA NextGen projects located in 
           metroplexes.
Sec. 177. Lead emissions.
Sec. 178. Terminal sequencing and spacing.
Sec. 179. Airport noise mitigation and safety study.
Sec. 180. Regional ombudsmen.
Sec. 181. FAA leadership on civil supersonic aircraft.
Sec. 182. Mandatory use of the New York North Shore Helicopter Route.
Sec. 183. State standards for airport pavements.
Sec. 184. Eligibility of pilot program airports.
Sec. 185. Grandfathering of certain deed agreements granting through-
           the-fence access to general aviation airports.
Sec. 186. Stage 3 aircraft study.
Sec. 187. Aircraft noise exposure.
Sec. 188. Study regarding day-night average sound levels.
Sec. 189. Study on potential health and economic impacts of overflight 
           noise.
Sec. 190. Environmental mitigation pilot program.
Sec. 191. Extending aviation development streamlining.
Sec. 192. Zero-emission vehicles and technology.

                TITLE II--FAA SAFETY CERTIFICATION REFORM

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

Sec. 201. Definitions.
Sec. 202. Safety Oversight and Certification Advisory Committee.

                Subtitle B--Aircraft Certification Reform

Sec. 211. Aircraft certification performance objectives and metrics.
Sec. 212. Organization designation authorizations.
Sec. 213. ODA review.
Sec. 214. Type certification resolution process.
Sec. 215. Review of certification process for small general aviation 
           airplanes.
Sec. 216. ODA staffing and oversight.

                   Subtitle C--Flight Standards Reform

Sec. 221. Flight standards performance objectives and metrics.
Sec. 222. FAA task force on flight standards reform.
Sec. 223. Centralized safety guidance database.
Sec. 224. Regulatory Consistency Communications Board.

                      Subtitle D--Safety Workforce

Sec. 231. Safety workforce training strategy.

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Sec. 232. Workforce review.

                   Subtitle E--International Aviation

Sec. 241. Promotion of United States aerospace standards, products, and 
           services abroad.
Sec. 242. Bilateral exchanges of safety oversight responsibilities.
Sec. 243. FAA leadership abroad.
Sec. 244. Registration, certification, and related fees.

                            TITLE III--SAFETY

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

Sec. 301. Definitions.
Sec. 302. FAA technical training.
Sec. 303. Safety critical staffing.
Sec. 304. International efforts regarding tracking of civil aircraft.
Sec. 305. Aircraft data access and retrieval systems.
Sec. 306. Advanced cockpit displays.
Sec. 307. Emergency medical equipment on passenger aircraft.
Sec. 308. FAA and NTSB review of general aviation safety.
Sec. 309. Call to action airline engine safety review.
Sec. 310. Sense of Congress on access to air carrier flight decks.
Sec. 311. Part 135 accident and incident data.
Sec. 312. Sense of Congress; pilot in command authority.
Sec. 313. Report on conspicuity needs for surface vehicles operating on 
           the airside of air carrier served airports.
Sec. 314. Helicopter air ambulance operations data and reports.
Sec. 315. Aviation rulemaking committee for part 135 pilot rest and duty 
           rules.
Sec. 316. Report on obsolete test equipment.
Sec. 317. Helicopter fuel system safety.
Sec. 318. Applicability of medical certification standards to operators 
           of air balloons.
Sec. 319. Designated pilot examiner reforms.
Sec. 320. Voluntary reports of operational or maintenance issues related 
           to aviation safety.
Sec. 321. Evaluation regarding additional ground based transmitters.
Sec. 322. Improved safety in rural areas.
Sec. 323. Exit rows.
Sec. 324. Comptroller General report on FAA enforcement policy.
Sec. 325. Annual safety incident report.
Sec. 326. Aircraft air quality.
Sec. 327. Approach control radar.
Sec. 328. Report on airline and passenger safety.
Sec. 329. Performance-based standards.
Sec. 330. Report and recommendations on certain aviation safety risks.
Sec. 331. Review of FAA's Aviation Safety Information Analysis and 
           Sharing System.
Sec. 332. Airport rescue and firefighting.
Sec. 333. Safe air transportation of lithium cells and batteries.
Sec. 334. Runway safety.
Sec. 335. Flight attendant duty period limitations and rest 
           requirements.
Sec. 336. Secondary cockpit barriers.
Sec. 337. Aircraft cabin evacuation procedures.
Sec. 338. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 339. Civil penalties for interference.
Sec. 339A. National in-flight sexual misconduct task force.
Sec. 339B. Reporting process for sexual misconduct onboard aircraft.

                  Subtitle B--Unmanned Aircraft Systems

Sec. 341. Definitions; Integration of civil unmanned aircraft systems 
           into national airspace system.
Sec. 342. Update of FAA comprehensive plan.
Sec. 343. Unmanned aircraft test ranges.
Sec. 344. Small unmanned aircraft in the Arctic.
Sec. 345. Small unmanned aircraft safety standards.
Sec. 346. Public unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 347. Special authority for certain unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 348. Carriage of property by small unmanned aircraft systems for 
           compensation or hire.
Sec. 349. Exception for limited recreational operations of unmanned 
           aircraft.
Sec. 350. Use of unmanned aircraft systems at institutions of higher 
           education.

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Sec. 351. Unmanned aircraft systems integration pilot program.
Sec. 352. Part 107 transparency and technology improvements.
Sec. 353. Emergency exemption process.
Sec. 354. Treatment of unmanned aircraft operating underground.
Sec. 355. Public UAS operations by Tribal governments.
Sec. 356. Authorization of appropriations for Know Before You Fly 
           campaign.
Sec. 357. Unmanned aircraft systems privacy policy.
Sec. 358. UAS privacy review.
Sec. 359. Study on fire department and emergency service agency use of 
           unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 360. Study on financing of unmanned aircraft services.
Sec. 361. Report on UAS and chemical aerial application.
Sec. 362. Sense of Congress regarding unmanned aircraft safety.
Sec. 363. Prohibition regarding weapons.
Sec. 364. U.S. Counter-UAS system review of interagency coordination 
           processes.
Sec. 365. Cooperation related to certain counter-UAS technology.
Sec. 366. Strategy for responding to public safety threats and 
           enforcement utility of unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 367. Incorporation of Federal Aviation Administration occupations 
           relating to unmanned aircraft into veterans employment 
           programs of the administration.
Sec. 368. Public UAS access to special use airspace.
Sec. 369. Applications for designation.
Sec. 370. Sense of Congress on additional rulemaking authority.
Sec. 371. Assessment of aircraft registration for small unmanned 
           aircraft.
Sec. 372. Enforcement.
Sec. 373. Federal and local authorities.
Sec. 374. Spectrum.
Sec. 375. Federal Trade Commission authority.
Sec. 376. Plan for full operational capability of unmanned aircraft 
           systems traffic management.
Sec. 377. Early implementation of certain UTM services.
Sec. 378. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 379. Commercial and governmental operators.
Sec. 380. Transition language.
Sec. 381. Unmanned aircraft systems in restricted buildings or grounds.
Sec. 382. Prohibition.
Sec. 383. Airport safety and airspace hazard mitigation and enforcement.
Sec. 384. Unsafe operation of unmanned aircraft.

                   Subtitle C--General Aviation Safety

Sec. 391. Short title.
Sec. 392. Expansion of Pilot's Bill of Rights.
Sec. 393. Notification of reexamination of certificate holders.
Sec. 394. Expediting updates to NOTAM Program.
Sec. 395. Accessibility of certain flight data.
Sec. 396. Authority for legal counsel to issue certain notices.

                   TITLE IV--AIR SERVICE IMPROVEMENTS

            Subtitle A--Airline Customer Service Improvements

Sec. 401. Definitions.
Sec. 402. Reliable air service in American Samoa.
Sec. 403. Cell phone voice communication ban.
Sec. 404. Improved notification of insecticide use.
Sec. 405. Consumer complaints hotline.
Sec. 406. Consumer information on actual flight times.
Sec. 407. Training policies regarding racial, ethnic, and religious 
           nondiscrimination.
Sec. 408. Training on human trafficking for certain staff.
Sec. 409. Prohibitions against smoking on passenger flights.
Sec. 410. Report on baggage reporting requirements.
Sec. 411. Enforcement of aviation consumer protection rules.
Sec. 412. Strollers.
Sec. 413. Causes of airline delays or cancellations.
Sec. 414. Involuntary changes to itineraries.
Sec. 415. Extension of Advisory Committee for Aviation Consumer 
           Protection.
Sec. 416. Online access to aviation consumer protection information.
Sec. 417. Protection of pets on airplanes.
Sec. 418. Advisory committee on air ambulance and patient billing.
Sec. 419. Air ambulance complaints to the Department of Transportation.

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Sec. 420. Report to Congress on air ambulance oversight.
Sec. 421. Refunds for other fees that are not honored by a covered air 
           carrier.
Sec. 422. Advance boarding during pregnancy.
Sec. 423. Consumer complaint process improvement.
Sec. 424. Aviation consumer advocate.
Sec. 425. TICKETS Act.
Sec. 426. Report on availability of lavatories on commercial aircraft.
Sec. 427. Consumer protection requirements relating to large ticket 
           agents.
Sec. 428. Widespread disruptions.
Sec. 429. Passenger rights.

            Subtitle B--Aviation Consumers With Disabilities

Sec. 431. Aviation consumers with disabilities study.
Sec. 432. Study on in-cabin wheelchair restraint systems.
Sec. 433. Improving wheelchair assistance for individuals with 
           disabilities.
Sec. 434. Airline Passengers with Disabilities Bill of Rights.
Sec. 435. Sense of Congress regarding equal access for individuals with 
           disabilities.
Sec. 436. Civil penalties relating to harm to passengers with 
           disabilities.
Sec. 437. Harmonization of service animal standards.
Sec. 438. Review of practices for ticketing, pre-flight seat 
           assignments, and stowing of assistive devices for passengers 
           with disabilities.
Sec. 439. Advisory committee on the air travel needs of passengers with 
           disabilities.
Sec. 440. Regulations ensuring assistance for passengers with 
           disabilities in air transportation.
Sec. 441. Transparency for disabled passengers.

                 Subtitle C--Small Community Air Service

Sec. 451. Essential air service authorization.
Sec. 452. Study on essential air service reform.
Sec. 453. Air transportation to noneligible places.
Sec. 454. Inspector general review of service and oversight of 
           unsubsidized carriers.
Sec. 455. Small community air service.
Sec. 456. Waivers.
Sec. 457. Extension of final order establishing mileage adjustment 
           eligibility.
Sec. 458. Reduction in subsidy-per-passenger.

                         TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS

Sec. 501. Definitions.
Sec. 502. Report on air traffic control modernization.
Sec. 503. Return on investment report.
Sec. 504. Air traffic control operational contingency plans.
Sec. 505. 2020 ADS-B Out mandate plan.
Sec. 506. Securing aircraft avionics systems.
Sec. 507. Human factors.
Sec. 508. Programmatic risk management.
Sec. 509. Review of FAA strategic cybersecurity plan.
Sec. 510. Consolidation and realignment of FAA services and facilities.
Sec. 511. FAA review and reform.
Sec. 512. Air shows.
Sec. 513. Part 91 review, reform, and streamlining.
Sec. 514. Aircraft leasing.
Sec. 515. Pilots sharing flight expenses with passengers.
Sec. 516. Terminal Aerodrome Forecast.
Sec. 517. Public aircraft eligible for logging flight times.
Sec. 518. Aircraft Registry Office.
Sec. 519. FAA data transparency.
Sec. 520. Intra-agency coordination.
Sec. 521. Administrative Services Franchise Fund.
Sec. 522. Automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast.
Sec. 523. Contract weather observers.
Sec. 524. Regions and centers.
Sec. 525. Geosynthetic materials.
Sec. 526. National Airmail Museum.
Sec. 527. Status of agreement between FAA and Little Rock Port 
           Authority.
Sec. 528. Briefing on aircraft diversions from Los Angeles International 
           Airport to Hawthorne Municipal Airport.
Sec. 529. TFR report.
Sec. 530. Air traffic services at aviation events.
Sec. 531. Application of veterans' preference to Federal Aviation 
           Administration personnel management system.

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Sec. 532. Clarification of requirements for living history flights.
Sec. 533. Review and reform of FAA performance management system.
Sec. 534. NextGen delivery study.
Sec. 535. Study on allergic reactions.
Sec. 536. Oxygen mask design study.
Sec. 537. Air cargo study.
Sec. 538. Sense of Congress on preventing the transportation of disease-
           carrying mosquitoes and other insects on commercial aircraft.
Sec. 539. Technical corrections.
Sec. 540. Report on illegal charter flights.
Sec. 541. Use of NASA's super guppy aircraft for commercial transport.
Sec. 542. Prohibited airspace assessment.
Sec. 543. Report on multiagency use of airspace and environmental 
           review.
Sec. 544. Agency procurement reporting requirements.
Sec. 545. FAA organizational reform.
Sec. 546. FAA Civil Aviation Registry upgrade.
Sec. 547. Enhanced air traffic services.
Sec. 548. Sense of Congress on artificial intelligence in aviation.
Sec. 549. Study on cybersecurity workforce of FAA.
Sec. 550. Treatment of multiyear lessees of large and turbine-powered 
           multiengine aircraft.
Sec. 551. Employee Assault Prevention and Response Plans.
Sec. 552. Study on training of customer-facing air carrier employees.
Sec. 553. Automated weather observing systems policy.
Sec. 554. Prioritizing and supporting the Human Intervention Motivation 
           Study (HIMS) program and the Flight Attendant Drug and 
           Alcohol Program (FADAP).
Sec. 555. Cost-effectiveness analysis of equipment rental.
Sec. 556. Aircraft registration.
Sec. 557. Requirement to consult with stakeholders in defining scope and 
           requirements for future flight service program.
Sec. 558. Federal Aviation Administration performance measures and 
           targets.
Sec. 559. Report on plans for air traffic control facilities in the New 
           York City and Newark region.
Sec. 560. Work plan for the New York/New Jersey/Philadelphia 
           Metropolitan Area Airspace Project.
Sec. 561. Annual report on inclusion of disabled veteran leave in 
           personnel management system.
Sec. 562. Enhanced surveillance capability.
Sec. 563. Access of air carriers to information about applicants to be 
           pilots from national driver register.
Sec. 564. Regulatory reform.
Sec. 565. Aviation fuel.
Sec. 566. Right to privacy when using air traffic control system.
Sec. 567. Federal Aviation Administration workforce review.
Sec. 568. Review of approval process for use of large air tankers and 
           very large air tankers for wildland firefighting.
Sec. 569. FAA technical workforce.
Sec. 570. Study on airport credit assistance.
Sec. 571. Spectrum availability.
Sec. 572. Special review relating to air space changes.
Sec. 573. Reimbursement for immigration inspections.
Sec. 574. FAA employees in Guam.
Sec. 575. GAO study on airline computer network disruptions.
Sec. 576. Tower marking.
Sec. 577. Minimum dimensions for passenger seats.
Sec. 578. Judicial review for proposed alternative environmental review 
           and approval procedures.
Sec. 579. Regulatory streamlining.
Sec. 580. Spaceports.
Sec. 581. Special rule for certain aircraft operations (space support 
           vehicles).
Sec. 582. Portability of repairman certificates.
Sec. 583. Undeclared hazardous materials public awareness campaign.
Sec. 584. Liability protection for volunteer pilots who fly for the 
           public benefit.

                      TITLE VI--AVIATION WORKFORCE

                      Subtitle A--Youth in Aviation

Sec. 601. Student outreach report.
Sec. 602. Youth Access to American Jobs in Aviation Task Force.

                      Subtitle B--Women in Aviation

Sec. 611. Sense of Congress regarding women in aviation.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3192]]

Sec. 612. Supporting women's involvement in the aviation field.

                Subtitle C--Future of Aviation Workforce

Sec. 621. Aviation and aerospace workforce of the future.
Sec. 622. Aviation and aerospace workforce of the future study.
Sec. 623. Sense of Congress on hiring veterans.
Sec. 624. Aviation maintenance industry technical workforce.
Sec. 625. Aviation workforce development programs.

             Subtitle D--Unmanned Aircraft Systems Workforce

Sec. 631. Community and technical college centers of excellence in small 
           unmanned aircraft system technology training.
Sec. 632. Collegiate training initiative program for unmanned aircraft 
           systems.

                        TITLE VII--FLIGHT R&D ACT

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

Sec. 701. Short title.
Sec. 702. Definitions.
Sec. 703. Authorization of appropriations.

          Subtitle B--FAA Research and Development Organization

Sec. 711. Assistant Administrator for Research and Development.
Sec. 712. Research advisory committee.

                  Subtitle C--Unmanned Aircraft Systems

Sec. 721. Unmanned aircraft systems research and development roadmap.

        Subtitle D--Cybersecurity and Responses to Other Threats

Sec. 731. Cyber Testbed.
Sec. 732. Study on the effect of extreme weather on air travel.

           Subtitle E--FAA Research and Development Activities

Sec. 741. Research plan for the certification of new technologies into 
           the national airspace system.
Sec. 742. Technology review.
Sec. 743. CLEEN aircraft and engine technology partnership.
Sec. 744. Research and deployment of certain airfield pavement 
           technologies.

                       Subtitle F--Geospatial Data

Sec. 751. Short title; findings.
Sec. 752. Definitions.
Sec. 753. Federal Geographic Data Committee.
Sec. 754. National Geospatial Advisory Committee.
Sec. 755. National Spatial Data Infrastructure.
Sec. 756. National Geospatial Data Asset data themes.
Sec. 757. Geospatial data standards.
Sec. 758. GeoPlatform.
Sec. 759. Covered agency responsibilities.
Sec. 759A. Limitation on use of Federal funds.
Sec. 759B. Savings provision.
Sec. 759C. Private sector.

                        Subtitle G--Miscellaneous

Sec. 761. NextGen research.
Sec. 762. Advanced Materials Center of Excellence.

                 TITLE VIII--AVIATION REVENUE PROVISIONS

Sec. 801. Expenditure authority from Airport and Airway Trust Fund.
Sec. 802. Extension of taxes funding Airport and Airway Trust Fund.

DIVISION C--NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD REAUTHORIZATION ACT OF 
                                  2018

Sec. 1101. Short title.
Sec. 1102. Definitions.
Sec. 1103. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 1104. Still images.
Sec. 1105. Electronic records.
Sec. 1106. Report on Most Wanted List methodology.

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Sec. 1107. Methodology.
Sec. 1108. Multimodal accident database management system.
Sec. 1109. Addressing the needs of families of individuals involved in 
           accidents.
Sec. 1110. Government Accountability Office report on investigation 
           launch decision-making processes.
Sec. 1111. Periodic review of safety recommendations.
Sec. 1112. General organization.
Sec. 1113. Technical and conforming amendments.

                  DIVISION D--DISASTER RECOVERY REFORM

Sec. 1201. Short title.
Sec. 1202. Applicability.
Sec. 1203. Definitions.
Sec. 1204. Wildfire prevention.
Sec. 1205. Additional activities.
Sec. 1206. Eligibility for code implementation and enforcement.
Sec. 1207. Program improvements.
Sec. 1208. Prioritization of facilities.
Sec. 1209. Guidance on evacuation routes.
Sec. 1210. Duplication of benefits.
Sec. 1211. State administration of assistance for direct temporary 
           housing and permanent housing construction.
Sec. 1212. Assistance to individuals and households.
Sec. 1213. Multifamily lease and repair assistance.
Sec. 1214. Private nonprofit facility.
Sec. 1215. Management costs.
Sec. 1216. Flexibility.
Sec. 1217. Additional disaster assistance.
Sec. 1218. National veterinary emergency teams.
Sec. 1219. Right of arbitration.
Sec. 1220. Unified Federal environmental and historic preservation 
           review.
Sec. 1221. Closeout incentives.
Sec. 1222. Performance of services.
Sec. 1223. Study to streamline and consolidate information collection.
Sec. 1224. Agency accountability.
Sec. 1225. Audit of contracts.
Sec. 1226. Inspector general audit of FEMA contracts for tarps and 
           plastic sheeting.
Sec. 1227. Relief organizations.
Sec. 1228. Guidance on inundated and submerged roads.
Sec. 1229. Extension of assistance.
Sec. 1230. Guidance and recommendations.
Sec. 1231. Guidance on hazard mitigation assistance.
Sec. 1232. Local impact.
Sec. 1233. Additional hazard mitigation activities.
Sec. 1234. National public infrastructure predisaster hazard mitigation.
Sec. 1235. Additional mitigation activities.
Sec. 1236. Guidance and training by FEMA on coordination of emergency 
           response plans.
Sec. 1237. Certain recoupment prohibited.
Sec. 1238. Federal assistance to individuals and households and 
           nonprofit facilities.
Sec. 1239. Cost of assistance estimates.
Sec. 1240. Report on insurance shortfalls.
Sec. 1241. Post disaster building safety assessment.
Sec. 1242. FEMA updates on national preparedness assessment.
Sec. 1243. FEMA report on duplication in non-natural disaster 
           preparedness grant programs.
Sec. 1244. Study and report.
Sec. 1245. Review of assistance for damaged underground water 
           infrastructure.
Sec. 1246. Extension.

                      DIVISION E--CONCRETE MASONRY

Sec. 1301. Short title.
Sec. 1302. Declaration of policy.
Sec. 1303. Definitions.
Sec. 1304. Issuance of orders.
Sec. 1305. Required terms in orders.
Sec. 1306. Assessments.
Sec. 1307. Referenda.
Sec. 1308. Petition and review.
Sec. 1309. Enforcement.

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Sec. 1310. Investigation and power to subpoena.
Sec. 1311. Suspension or termination.
Sec. 1312. Amendments to orders.
Sec. 1313. Effect on other laws.
Sec. 1314. Regulations.
Sec. 1315. Limitation on expenditures for administrative expenses.
Sec. 1316. Limitations on obligation of funds.
Sec. 1317. Study and report by the Government Accountability Office.
Sec. 1318. Study and report by the Department of Commerce.

                      DIVISION F--BUILD ACT OF 2018

Sec. 1401. Short title.
Sec. 1402. Definitions.

                         TITLE I--ESTABLISHMENT

Sec. 1411. Statement of policy.
Sec. 1412. United States International Development Finance Corporation.
Sec. 1413. Management of Corporation.
Sec. 1414. Inspector General of the Corporation.
Sec. 1415. Independent accountability mechanism.

                          TITLE II--AUTHORITIES

Sec. 1421. Authorities relating to provision of support.
Sec. 1422. Terms and conditions.
Sec. 1423. Payment of losses.
Sec. 1424. Termination.

            TITLE III--ADMINISTRATIVE AND GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 1431. Operations.
Sec. 1432. Corporate powers.
Sec. 1433. Maximum contingent liability.
Sec. 1434. Corporate funds.
Sec. 1435. Coordination with other development agencies.

             TITLE IV--MONITORING, EVALUATION, AND REPORTING

Sec. 1441. Establishment of risk and audit committees.
Sec. 1442. Performance measures, evaluation, and learning.
Sec. 1443. Annual report.
Sec. 1444. Publicly available project information.
Sec. 1445. Engagement with investors.
Sec. 1446. Notifications to be provided by the Corporation.

           TITLE V--CONDITIONS, RESTRICTIONS, AND PROHIBITIONS

Sec. 1451. Limitations and preferences.
Sec. 1452. Additionality and avoidance of market distortion.
Sec. 1453. Prohibition on support in countries that support terrorism or 
           violate human rights and with sanctioned persons.
Sec. 1454. Applicability of certain provisions of law.

                    TITLE VI--TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 1461. Definitions.
Sec. 1462. Reorganization plan.
Sec. 1463. Transfer of functions.
Sec. 1464. Termination of Overseas Private Investment Corporation and 
           other superceded authorities.
Sec. 1465. Transitional authorities.
Sec. 1466. Savings provisions.
Sec. 1467. Other terminations.
Sec. 1468. Incidental transfers.
Sec. 1469. Reference.
Sec. 1470. Conforming amendments.

                      DIVISION G--SYRIA STUDY GROUP

Sec. 1501. Syria Study Group.

                 DIVISION H--PREVENTING EMERGING THREATS

Sec. 1601. Short title.
Sec. 1602. Protection of certain facilities and assets from unmanned 
           aircraft.
Sec. 1603. Protecting against unmanned aircraft.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3195]]

    DIVISION I--SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR DISASTER RELIEF, 2018

Sec. 1701. Budgetary effects.

                      DIVISION J--MARITIME SECURITY

Sec. 1801. Short title.
Sec. 1802. Definitions.
Sec. 1803. Coordination with TSA on maritime facilities.
Sec. 1804. Strategic plan to enhance the security of the international 
           supply chain.
Sec. 1805. Cybersecurity information sharing and coordination in ports.
Sec. 1806. Facility inspection intervals.
Sec. 1807. Updates of maritime operations coordination plan.
Sec. 1808. Evaluation of Coast Guard deployable specialized forces.
Sec. 1809. Repeal of interagency operational centers for port security 
           and secure systems of transportation.
Sec. 1810. Duplication of efforts in the maritime domain.
Sec. 1811. Maritime security capabilities assessments.
Sec. 1812. Container Security Initiative.
Sec. 1813. Maritime border security review.
Sec. 1814. Maritime border security cooperation.
Sec. 1815. Transportation worker identification credential appeals 
           process.
Sec. 1816. Technical and conforming amendments.

                   DIVISION K--TRANSPORTATION SECURITY

                    TITLE I--TRANSPORTATION SECURITY

Sec. 1901. Short title; references.
Sec. 1902. Definitions.

               Subtitle A--Organization and Authorizations

Sec. 1903. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 1904. Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration; 
           5-year term.
Sec. 1905. Transportation Security Administration organization.
Sec. 1906. Transportation Security Administration efficiency.
Sec. 1907. Personnel management system review.
Sec. 1908. TSA leap pay reform.
Sec. 1909. Rank awards program for transportation security 
           administration executives and senior professionals.
Sec. 1910. Transmittals to Congress.

                     Subtitle B--Security Technology

Sec. 1911. Third party testing and verification of screening technology.
Sec. 1912. Transportation security administration systems integration 
           facility.
Sec. 1913. Opportunities to pursue expanded networks for business.
Sec. 1914. Reciprocal recognition of security standards.
Sec. 1915. Transportation Security Laboratory.
Sec. 1916. Innovation Task Force.
Sec. 1917. 5-Year technology investment plan update.
Sec. 1918. Maintenance of security-related technology.
Sec. 1919. Biometrics expansion.
Sec. 1920. Pilot program for automated exit lane technology.
Sec. 1921. Authorization of appropriations; exit lane security.
Sec. 1922. Real-time security checkpoint wait times.
Sec. 1923. GAO report on deployment of screening technologies across 
           airports.
Sec. 1924. Screening technology review and performance objectives.
Sec. 1925. Computed tomography pilot programs.

                    Subtitle C--Public Area Security

Sec. 1926. Definitions.
Sec. 1927. Explosives detection canine capacity building.
Sec. 1928. Third party domestic canines.
Sec. 1929. Tracking and monitoring of canine training and testing.
Sec. 1930. VIPR team statistics.
Sec. 1931. Public area security working group.
Sec. 1932. Public area best practices.
Sec. 1933. Airport worker access controls cost and feasibility study.
Sec. 1934. Securing airport worker access points.
Sec. 1935. Law Enforcement Officer Reimbursement Program.
Sec. 1936. Airport perimeter and access control security.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3196]]

                Subtitle D--Passenger and Cargo Security

Sec. 1937. PreCheck Program.
Sec. 1938. PreCheck expedited screening.
Sec. 1939. Trusted traveler programs; collaboration.
Sec. 1940. Passenger security fee.
Sec. 1941. Third party canine teams for air cargo security.
Sec. 1942. Known Shipper Program review.
Sec. 1943. Establishment of air cargo security division.
Sec. 1944. Air cargo regulation review.
Sec. 1945. GAO review.
Sec. 1946. Screening partnership program updates.
Sec. 1947. Screening performance assessments.
Sec. 1948. Transportation security training programs.
Sec. 1949. Traveler redress improvement.
Sec. 1950. Improvements for screening of passengers with disabilities.
Sec. 1951. Air cargo advance screening program.
Sec. 1952. General aviation airports.

                  Subtitle E--Foreign Airport Security

Sec. 1953. Last point of departure airports; security directives.
Sec. 1954. Last point of departure airport assessment.
Sec. 1955. Tracking security screening equipment from last point of 
           departure airports.
Sec. 1956. International security standards.
Sec. 1957. Aviation security in Cuba.
Sec. 1958. Report on airports used by Mahan Air.

                 Subtitle F--Cockpit and Cabin Security

Sec. 1959. Federal air marshal service updates.
Sec. 1960. Crew member self-defense training.
Sec. 1961. Flight deck safety and security.
Sec. 1962. Carriage of weapons, explosives, and incendiaries by 
           individuals.
Sec. 1963. Federal flight deck officer program improvements.

               Subtitle G--Surface Transportation Security

Sec. 1964. Surface transportation security assessment and implementation 
           of risk-based strategy.
Sec. 1965. Risk-based budgeting and resource allocation.
Sec. 1966. Surface transportation security management and interagency 
           coordination review.
Sec. 1967. Transparency.
Sec. 1968. TSA counterterrorism asset deployment.
Sec. 1969. Surface Transportation Security Advisory Committee.
Sec. 1970. Review of the explosives detection canine team program.
Sec. 1971. Expansion of national explosives detection canine team 
           program.
Sec. 1972. Study on security standards and best practices for passenger 
           transportation systems.
Sec. 1973. Amtrak security upgrades.
Sec. 1974. Passenger rail vetting.
Sec. 1975. Study on surface transportation inspectors.
Sec. 1976. Security awareness program.
Sec. 1977. Voluntary use of credentialing.
Sec. 1978. Background records checks for issuance of hazmat licenses.
Sec. 1979. Cargo container scanning technology review.
Sec. 1980. Pipeline security study.
Sec. 1981. Feasibility assessment.
Sec. 1982. Best practices to secure against vehicle-based attacks.
Sec. 1983. Surface transportation stakeholder survey.
Sec. 1984. Nuclear material and explosive detection technology.

                   Subtitle H--Transportation Security

Sec. 1985. National strategy for transportation security review.
Sec. 1986. Risk scenarios.
Sec. 1987. Integrated and unified operations centers.
Sec. 1988. National Deployment Force.
Sec. 1989. Information sharing and cybersecurity.
Sec. 1990. Security technologies tied to foreign threat countries.

           Subtitle I--Conforming and Miscellaneous Amendments

Sec. 1991. Title 49 amendments.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3197]]

Sec. 1992. Table of contents of chapter 449.
Sec. 1993. Other laws; Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act 
           of 2004.
Sec. 1994. Savings provisions.

 DIVISION A <<NOTE: Sports Medicine Licensure Clarity Act of 2018.>> --
SPORTS MEDICINE LICENSURE
SEC. 11. <<NOTE: 15 USC 8601 note.>>  SHORT TITLE.

    This division may be cited as the ``Sports Medicine Licensure 
Clarity Act of 2018''.
SEC. 12. <<NOTE: 15 USC 8601.>>  PROTECTIONS FOR COVERED SPORTS 
                      MEDICINE PROFESSIONALS.

    (a) In General.--In the case of a covered sports medicine 
professional who has in effect medical professional liability insurance 
coverage and provides in a secondary State covered medical services that 
are within the scope of practice of such professional in the primary 
State to an athlete or an athletic team (or a staff member of such an 
athlete or athletic team) pursuant to an agreement described in 
subsection (c)(4) with respect to such athlete or athletic team--
            (1) such medical professional liability insurance coverage 
        shall cover (subject to any related premium adjustments) such 
        professional with respect to such covered medical services 
        provided by the professional in the secondary State to such an 
        individual or team as if such services were provided by such 
        professional in the primary State to such an individual or team; 
        and
            (2) to the extent such professional is licensed under the 
        requirements of the primary State to provide such services to 
        such an individual or team, the professional shall be treated as 
        satisfying any licensure requirements of the secondary State to 
        provide such services to such an individual or team to the 
        extent the licensure requirements of the secondary State are 
        substantially similar to the licensure requirements of the 
        primary State.

    (b) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed--
            (1) to allow a covered sports medicine professional to 
        provide medical services in the secondary State that exceed the 
        scope of that professional's license in the primary State;
            (2) to allow a covered sports medicine professional to 
        provide medical services in the secondary State that exceed the 
        scope of a substantially similar sports medicine professional 
        license in the secondary State;
            (3) to supersede any reciprocity agreement in effect between 
        the two States regarding such services or such professionals;
            (4) to supersede any interstate compact agreement entered 
        into by the two States regarding such services or such 
        professionals; or
            (5) to supersede a licensure exemption the secondary State 
        provides for sports medicine professionals licensed in the 
        primary State.

    (c) Definitions.--In this division, the following definitions apply:
            (1) Athlete.--The term ``athlete'' means--

[[Page 132 STAT. 3198]]

                    (A) an individual participating in a sporting event 
                or activity for which the individual may be paid;
                    (B) an individual participating in a sporting event 
                or activity sponsored or sanctioned by a national 
                governing body; or
                    (C) an individual for whom a high school or 
                institution of higher education provides a covered 
                sports medicine professional.
            (2) Athletic team.--The term ``athletic team'' means a 
        sports team--
                    (A) composed of individuals who are paid to 
                participate on the team;
                    (B) composed of individuals who are participating in 
                a sporting event or activity sponsored or sanctioned by 
                a national governing body; or
                    (C) for which a high school or an institution of 
                higher education provides a covered sports medicine 
                professional.
            (3) Covered medical services.--The term ``covered medical 
        services'' means general medical care, emergency medical care, 
        athletic training, or physical therapy services. Such term does 
        not include care provided by a covered sports medicine 
        professional--
                    (A) at a health care facility; or
                    (B) while a health care provider licensed to 
                practice in the secondary State is transporting the 
                injured individual to a health care facility.
            (4) Covered sports medicine professional.--The term 
        ``covered sports medicine professional'' means a physician, 
        athletic trainer, or other health care professional who--
                    (A) is licensed to practice in the primary State;
                    (B) provides covered medical services, pursuant to a 
                written agreement with an athlete, an athletic team, a 
                national governing body, a high school, or an 
                institution of higher education; and
                    (C) prior to providing the covered medical services 
                described in subparagraph (B), has disclosed the nature 
                and extent of such services to the entity that provides 
                the professional with liability insurance in the primary 
                State.
            (5) Health care facility.--The term ``health care facility'' 
        means a facility in which medical care, diagnosis, or treatment 
        is provided on an inpatient or outpatient basis. Such term does 
        not include facilities at an arena, stadium, or practice 
        facility, or temporary facilities existing for events where 
        athletes or athletic teams may compete.
            (6) Institution of higher education.--The term ``institution 
        of higher education'' has the meaning given such term in section 
        101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).
            (7) License.--The term ``license'' or ``licensure'', as 
        applied with respect to a covered sports medicine professional, 
        means a professional that has met the requirements and is 
        approved to provide covered medical services in accordance with 
        State laws and regulations in the primary State. Such term may 
        include the registration or certification, or any other form of 
        special recognition, of an individual as such a professional, as 
        applicable.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3199]]

            (8) National governing body.--The term ``national governing 
        body'' has the meaning given such term in section 220501 of 
        title 36, United States Code.
            (9) Primary state.--The term ``primary State'' means, with 
        respect to a covered sports medicine professional, the State in 
        which--
                    (A) the covered sports medicine professional is 
                licensed to practice; and
                    (B) the majority of the covered sports medicine 
                professional's practice is underwritten for medical 
                professional liability insurance coverage.
            (10) Secondary state.--The term ``secondary State'' means, 
        with respect to a covered sports medicine professional, any 
        State that is not the primary State.
            (11) State.--The term ``State'' means each of the several 
        States, the District of Columbia, and each commonwealth, 
        territory, or possession of the United States.
            (12) Substantially similar.--The term ``substantially 
        similar'', with respect to the licensure by primary and 
        secondary States of a sports medicine professional, means that 
        both the primary and secondary States have in place a form of 
        licensure for such professionals that permits such professionals 
        to provide covered medical services.

               DIVISION B--FAA REAUTHORIZATION ACT OF 2018

SEC. 101. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  DEFINITION OF APPROPRIATE 
                        COMMITTEES OF CONGRESS.

    In this division, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
means the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
Senate and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
House of Representatives.

                         TITLE I--AUTHORIZATIONS

                   Subtitle A--Funding of FAA Programs

SEC. 111. AIRPORT PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT AND NOISE COMPATIBILITY 
                        PLANNING AND PROGRAMS.

    (a) Authorization.--Section 48103(a) of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``section 47504(c)'' and all that follows 
through the period at the end and inserting the following: ``section 
47504(c)--
            ``(1) $3,350,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
            ``(2) $3,350,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
            ``(3) $3,350,000,000 for fiscal year 2020;
            ``(4) $3,350,000,000 for fiscal year 2021;
            ``(5) $3,350,000,000 for fiscal year 2022; and
            ``(6) $3,350,000,000 for fiscal year 2023.''.

    (b) Obligation Authority.--Section 47104(c) of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by 
striking ``2018,'' and inserting ``2023,''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3200]]

SEC. 112. FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations From Airport and Airway Trust 
Fund.--Section 48101(a) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraphs (1) through (5) and inserting the following:
            ``(1) $3,330,000,000 for fiscal year 2018.
            ``(2) $3,398,000,000 for fiscal year 2019.
            ``(3) $3,469,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            ``(4) $3,547,000,000 for fiscal year 2021.
            ``(5) $3,624,000,000 for fiscal year 2022.
            ``(6) $3,701,000,000 for fiscal year 2023.''.

    (b) Authorized Expenditures.--Section 48101(c) of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading by striking ``Automated 
        Surface Observation System/Automated Weather Observing System 
        Upgrade'' and inserting ``Authorized Expenditures''; and
            (2) by striking ``may be used for the implementation'' and 
        all that follows through the period at the end and inserting the 
        following: ``may be used for the following:
            ``(1) The implementation and use of upgrades to the current 
        automated surface observation system/automated weather observing 
        system, if the upgrade is successfully demonstrated.
            ``(2) The acquisition and construction of remote towers (as 
        defined in section 161 of the FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018).
            ``(3) The remediation and elimination of identified 
        cybersecurity vulnerabilities in the air traffic control system.
            ``(4) The construction of facilities dedicated to improving 
        the cybersecurity of the National Airspace System.
            ``(5) Systems associated with the Data Communications 
        program.
            ``(6) The infrastructure, sustainment, and the elimination 
        of the deferred maintenance backlog of air navigation facilities 
        and other facilities for which the Federal Aviation 
        Administration is responsible.
            ``(7) The modernization and digitization of the Civil 
        Aviation Registry.
            ``(8) The construction of necessary Priority 1 National 
        Airspace System facilities.
            ``(9) Cost-beneficial construction, rehabilitation, or 
        retrofitting programs designed to reduce Federal Aviation 
        Administration facility operating costs.''.
SEC. 113. FAA OPERATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 106(k)(1) of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended by striking subparagraphs (A) through (F) and inserting the 
following:
                    ``(A) $10,247,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    ``(B) $10,486,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
                    ``(C) $10,732,000,000 for fiscal year 2020;
                    ``(D) $11,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2021;
                    ``(E) $11,269,000,000 for fiscal year 2022; and
                    ``(F) $11,537,000,000 for fiscal year 2023.''.

    (b) Authorized Expenditures.--Section 106(k)(2) of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) Not more than the following amounts for 
                commercial space transportation activities:
                          ``(i) $22,587,000 for fiscal year 2018.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3201]]

                          ``(ii) $33,038,000 for fiscal year 2019.
                          ``(iii) $43,500,000 for fiscal year 2020.
                          ``(iv) $54,970,000 for fiscal year 2021.
                          ``(v) $64,449,000 for fiscal year 2022.
                          ``(vi) $75,938,000 for fiscal year 2023.''.

    (c) Authority to Transfer Funds.--Section 106(k)(3) of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``fiscal years 2012 through 
2018,'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2018 through 2023,''.
SEC. 114. WEATHER REPORTING PROGRAMS.

    Section 48105 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``To reimburse the'' and all that follows 
        through ``the Secretary of Transportation'' and inserting ``To 
        sustain the aviation weather reporting programs of the Federal 
        Aviation Administration, the Secretary of Transportation''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) $39,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 
        2023.''.
SEC. 115. ADJUSTMENT TO AIP PROGRAM FUNDING.

    Section 48112 of title 49, United States Code, and the item relating 
to such section in the analysis for chapter 481 of such 
title, <<NOTE: 49 USC 48101 prec.>>  are repealed.
SEC. 116. FUNDING FOR AVIATION PROGRAMS.

    Section 48114(a)(1)(A)(ii) of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``in fiscal year 2014 and each fiscal year 
thereafter'' and inserting ``in fiscal years 2014 through 2018''.
SEC. 117. EXTENSION OF EXPIRING AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Marshall Islands, Micronesia, and Palau.--Section 47115 of title 
49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (i);
            (2) by redesignating subsection (j) as subsection (i); and
            (3) in subsection (i) (as so redesignated), by striking 
        ``fiscal years 2012 through 2018'' and inserting ``fiscal years 
        2018 through 2023''.

    (b) Extension of Compatible Land Use Planning and Projects by State 
and Local Governments.--Section 47141(f) of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``September 30, 2018'' and inserting 
``September 30, 2023''.
    (c) Midway Island Airport.--Section 186(d) of the Vision 100--
Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act (Public Law 108-176; 117 Stat. 
2518) is amended by striking ``for fiscal years 2012 through 2018'' and 
inserting ``for fiscal years 2018 through 2023''.
    (d) Extension of Pilot Program for Redevelopment of Airport 
Properties.--Section 822(k) of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 
2012 (49 U.S.C. 47141 note) is amended by striking ``September 30, 
2018'' and inserting ``September 30, 2023''.

                 Subtitle B--Passenger Facility Charges

SEC. 121. PASSENGER FACILITY CHARGE MODERNIZATION.

    (a) Passenger Facility Charges; General Authority.--Section 
40117(b)(4) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
        ``, if the Secretary finds--'' and inserting a period; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3202]]

            (2) by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B).

    (b) Pilot Program for Passenger Facility Charge Authorizations at 
Nonhub Airports.--Section 40117(l) of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``at Nonhub Airports'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``nonhub''; and
            (3) in paragraph (6), by striking ``Not later than 180 days 
        after the date of enactment of this subsection, the'' and 
        inserting ``The''.
SEC. 122. FUTURE AVIATION INFRASTRUCTURE AND FINANCING STUDY.

    (a) Future Aviation Infrastructure and Financing Study.--Not later 
than 60 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Transportation shall enter into an agreement with a qualified 
organization to conduct a study assessing the infrastructure needs of 
airports and existing financial resources for commercial service 
airports and make recommendations on the actions needed to upgrade the 
national aviation infrastructure system to meet the growing and shifting 
demands of the 21st century.
    (b) Consultation.--In carrying out the study, the qualified 
organization shall convene and consult with a panel of national experts, 
including representatives of--
            (1) nonhub airports;
            (2) small hub airports;
            (3) medium hub airports;
            (4) large hub airports;
            (5) airports with international service;
            (6) nonprimary airports;
            (7) local elected officials;
            (8) relevant labor organizations;
            (9) passengers;
            (10) air carriers;
            (11) the tourism industry; and
            (12) the business travel industry.

    (c) Considerations.--In carrying out the study, the qualified 
organization shall consider--
            (1) the ability of airport infrastructure to meet current 
        and projected passenger volumes;
            (2) the available financial tools and resources for airports 
        of different sizes;
            (3) the available financing tools and resources for airports 
        in rural areas;
            (4) the current debt held by airports, and its impact on 
        future construction and capacity needs;
            (5) the impact of capacity constraints on passengers and 
        ticket prices;
            (6) the purchasing power of the passenger facility charge 
        from the last increase in 2000 to the year of enactment of this 
        Act;
            (7) the impact to passengers and airports of indexing the 
        passenger facility charge for inflation;
            (8) how long airports are constrained with current passenger 
        facility charge collections;
            (9) the impact of passenger facility charges on promoting 
        competition;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3203]]

            (10) the additional resources or options to fund terminal 
        construction projects;
            (11) the resources eligible for use toward noise reduction 
        and emission reduction projects;
            (12) the gap between the cost of projects eligible for the 
        airport improvement program and the annual Federal funding 
        provided;
            (13) the impact of regulatory requirements on airport 
        infrastructure financing needs;
            (14) airline competition;
            (15) airline ancillary fees and their impact on ticket 
        pricing and taxable revenue; and
            (16) the ability of airports to finance necessary safety, 
        security, capacity, and environmental projects identified in 
        capital improvement plans.

    (d) Large Hub Airports.--The study shall, to the extent not 
considered under subsection (c), separately evaluate the infrastructure 
requirements of the large hub airports identified in the National Plan 
of Integrated Airport Systems (NPIAS). The evaluation shall--
            (1) analyze the current and future capacity constraints of 
        large hub airports;
            (2) quantify large hub airports' infrastructure 
        requirements, including terminal, landside, and airside 
        infrastructure;
            (3) quantify the percentage growth in infrastructure 
        requirements of the large hub airports relative to other 
        commercial service airports;
            (4) analyze how much funding from the airport improvement 
        program (AIP) has gone to meet the requirements of large hub 
        airports over the past 10 years; and
            (5) project how much AIP funding would be available to meet 
        the requirements of large hub airports in the next 5 years if 
        funding levels are held constant.

    (e) Report.--Not later than 15 months after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the qualified organization shall submit to the Secretary and 
the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the results of the 
study described in subsection (a), including its findings and 
recommendations related to each item in subsections (c) and (d).
    (f) Definition of Qualified Organization.--In this section, the term 
``qualified organization'' means an independent nonprofit organization 
that recommends solutions to public policy challenges through objective 
analysis.
SEC. 123. INTERMODAL ACCESS PROJECTS.

    Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall, after 
consideration of all public comments, publish in the Federal Register a 
final policy amendment consistent with the notice published in the 
Federal Register on May 3, 2016 (81 Fed. Reg. 26611).

          Subtitle C--Airport Improvement Program Modifications

SEC. 131. GRANT ASSURANCES.

    Section 47107 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--

[[Page 132 STAT. 3204]]

            (1) in subsection (a)(17), by striking ``each contract'' and 
        inserting ``if any phase of such project has received funds 
        under this subchapter, each contract'';
            (2) in subsection (r)(3), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(u) Construction of Recreational Aircraft.--
            ``(1) In general.--The construction of a covered aircraft 
        shall be treated as an aeronautical activity for purposes of--
                    ``(A) determining an airport's compliance with a 
                grant assurance made under this section or any other 
                provision of law; and
                    ``(B) the receipt of Federal financial assistance 
                for airport development.
            ``(2) Covered aircraft defined.--In this subsection, the 
        term `covered aircraft' means an aircraft--
                    ``(A) used or intended to be used exclusively for 
                recreational purposes; and
                    ``(B) constructed or under construction by a private 
                individual at a general aviation airport.

    ``(v) Community Use of Airport Land.--
            ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding subsection (a)(13), and 
        subject to paragraph (2), the sponsor of a public-use airport 
        shall not be considered to be in violation of this subtitle, or 
        to be found in violation of a grant assurance made under this 
        section, or under any other provision of law, as a condition for 
        the receipt of Federal financial assistance for airport 
        development, solely because the sponsor has entered into an 
        agreement, including a revised agreement, with a local 
        government providing for the use of airport property for an 
        interim compatible recreational purpose at below fair market 
        value.
            ``(2) Restrictions.--This subsection shall apply only--
                    ``(A) to an agreement regarding airport property 
                that was initially entered into before the publication 
                of the Federal Aviation Administration's Policy and 
                Procedures Concerning the Use of Airport Revenue, dated 
                February 16, 1999;
                    ``(B) if the agreement between the sponsor and the 
                local government is subordinate to any existing or 
                future agreements between the sponsor and the Secretary, 
                including agreements related to a grant assurance under 
                this section;
                    ``(C) to airport property that was acquired under a 
                Federal airport development grant program;
                    ``(D) if the airport sponsor has provided a written 
                statement to the Administrator that the property made 
                available for a recreational purpose will not be needed 
                for any aeronautical purpose during the next 10 years;
                    ``(E) if the agreement includes a term of not more 
                than 2 years to prepare the airport property for the 
                interim compatible recreational purpose and not more 
                than 10 years of use for that purpose;
                    ``(F) if the recreational purpose will not impact 
                the aeronautical use of the airport;
                    ``(G) if the airport sponsor provides a 
                certification that the sponsor is not responsible for 
                preparation, start-up,

[[Page 132 STAT. 3205]]

                operations, maintenance, or any other costs associated 
                with the recreational purpose; and
                    ``(H) if the recreational purpose is consistent with 
                Federal land use compatibility criteria under section 
                47502.
            ``(3) Statutory construction.--Nothing in this subsection 
        may be construed as permitting a diversion of airport revenue 
        for the capital or operating costs associated with the community 
        use of airport land.''.
SEC. 132. MOTHERS' ROOMS.

    (a) Grant Assurances.--Section 47107 of title 49, United States 
Code, as amended by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end 
the following:
    ``(w) Mothers' Rooms.--
            ``(1) In general.--In fiscal year 2021 and each fiscal year 
        thereafter, the Secretary of Transportation may approve an 
        application under this subchapter for an airport development 
        project grant only if the Secretary receives written assurances 
        that the airport owner or operator will maintain--
                    ``(A) a lactation area in the sterile area of each 
                passenger terminal building of the airport; and
                    ``(B) a baby changing table in one men's and one 
                women's restroom in each passenger terminal building of 
                the airport.
            ``(2) Applicability.--
                    ``(A) Airport size.--The requirement in paragraph 
                (1) shall only apply to applications submitted by the 
                airport sponsor of a medium or large hub airport.
                    ``(B) Preexisting facilities.--On application by an 
                airport sponsor, the Secretary may determine that a 
                lactation area in existence on the date of enactment of 
                this Act complies with the requirement in paragraph (1), 
                notwithstanding the absence of one of the facilities or 
                characteristics referred to in the definition of the 
                term `lactation area' in this subsection.
                    ``(C) Special rule.--The requirement in paragraph 
                (1) shall not apply with respect to a project grant 
                application for a period of time, determined by the 
                Secretary, if the Secretary determines that construction 
                or maintenance activities make it impracticable or 
                unsafe for the lactation area to be located in the 
                sterile area of the building.
            ``(3) Definition.--In this section, the term--
                    ``(A) `lactation area' means a room or similar 
                accommodation that--
                          ``(i) provides a location for members of the 
                      public to express breast milk that is shielded 
                      from view and free from intrusion from the public;
                          ``(ii) has a door that can be locked;
                          ``(iii) includes a place to sit, a table or 
                      other flat surface, a sink or sanitizing 
                      equipment, and an electrical outlet;
                          ``(iv) is readily accessible to and usable by 
                      individuals with disabilities, including 
                      individuals who use wheelchairs; and
                          ``(v) is not located in a restroom; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3206]]

                    ``(B) `sterile area' has the same meaning given that 
                term in section 1540.5 of title 49, Code of Federal 
                Regulations.''.

    (b) Terminal Development Costs.--Section 47119(a) of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Lactation areas.--In addition to the projects 
        described in paragraph (1), the Secretary may approve a project 
        for terminal development for the construction or installation of 
        a lactation area (as defined in section 47107(w)) at a 
        commercial service airport.''.
SEC. 133. CONTRACT TOWER PROGRAM.

    (a) Air Traffic Control Contract Program.--
            (1) Special rule.--Section 47124(b)(1)(B) of title 49, 
        United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``under the program continued under 
                this paragraph'' and inserting ``under the Contract 
                Tower Program''; and
                    (B) by striking ``exceeds the benefit for a period 
                of 18 months after such determination is made'' and 
                inserting the following: ``exceeds the benefit--
                          ``(i) for the 1-year period after such 
                      determination is made; or
                          ``(ii) if an appeal of such determination is 
                      requested, for the 1-year period described in 
                      subsection (d)(4)(D).''.
            (2) Exemption.--Section 47124(b)(3)(D) of title 49, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``under the program'' and inserting 
                ``under the Cost-share Program''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following: ``Airports 
                with air service provided under part 121 of title 14, 
                Code of Federal Regulations, and more than 25,000 
                passenger enplanements in calendar year 2014 shall be 
                exempt from any cost-share requirement under this 
                paragraph.''.
            (3) Construction of air traffic control towers.--
                    (A) Grants.--Section 47124(b)(4)(A) of title 49, 
                United States Code, is amended in each of clauses 
                (i)(III) and (ii)(III) by inserting ``, including remote 
                air traffic control tower equipment certified by the 
                Federal Aviation Administration'' after ``1996''.
                    (B) Eligibility.--Section 47124(b)(4)(B)(i)(I) of 
                title 49, United States Code, is amended by striking 
                ``contract tower program established under subsection 
                (a) and continued under paragraph (1) or the pilot 
                program established under paragraph (3)'' and inserting 
                ``Contract Tower Program or the Cost-share Program''.
                    (C) Limitation on federal share.--Section 
                47124(b)(4) of title 49, United States Code, is amended 
                by striking subparagraph (C).
            (4) Benefit-to-cost calculation for program applicants.--
        Section 47124(b)(3) of title 49, United States Code, is amended 
        by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(G) Benefit-to-cost calculation.--Not later than 
                90 days after receiving an application to the Contract 
                Tower Program, the Secretary shall calculate a benefit-
                to-cost

[[Page 132 STAT. 3207]]

                ratio (as described in subsection (d)) for the 
                applicable air traffic control tower for purposes of 
                selecting towers for participation in the Contract Tower 
                Program.''.

    (b) Criteria To Evaluate Participants.--Section 47124 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Criteria To Evaluate Participants.--
            ``(1) Timing of evaluations.--
                    ``(A) Towers participating in cost-share program.--
                In the case of an air traffic control tower that is 
                operated under the Cost-share Program, the Secretary 
                shall annually calculate a benefit-to-cost ratio with 
                respect to the tower.
                    ``(B) Towers participating in contract tower 
                program.--In the case of an air traffic control tower 
                that is operated under the Contract Tower Program, the 
                Secretary shall not calculate a benefit-to-cost ratio 
                after the date of enactment of this subsection with 
                respect to the tower unless the Secretary determines 
                that the annual aircraft traffic at the airport where 
                the tower is located has decreased--
                          ``(i) by more than 25 percent from the 
                      previous year; or
                          ``(ii) by more than 55 percent cumulatively in 
                      the preceding 3-year period.
            ``(2) Costs to be considered.--In establishing a benefit-to-
        cost ratio under this section with respect to an air traffic 
        control tower, the Secretary shall consider only the following 
        costs:
                    ``(A) The Federal Aviation Administration's actual 
                cost of wages and benefits of personnel working at the 
                tower.
                    ``(B) The Federal Aviation Administration's actual 
                telecommunications costs directly associated with the 
                tower.
                    ``(C) The Federal Aviation Administration's costs of 
                purchasing and installing any air traffic control 
                equipment that would not have been purchased or 
                installed except as a result of the operation of the 
                tower.
                    ``(D) The Federal Aviation Administration's actual 
                travel costs associated with maintaining air traffic 
                control equipment that is owned by the Administration 
                and would not be maintained except as a result of the 
                operation of the tower.
                    ``(E) Other actual costs of the Federal Aviation 
                Administration directly associated with the tower that 
                would not be incurred except as a result of the 
                operation of the tower (excluding costs for noncontract 
                tower-related personnel and equipment, even if the 
                personnel or equipment is located in the contract tower 
                building).
            ``(3) Other criteria to be considered.--In establishing a 
        benefit-to-cost ratio under this section with respect to an air 
        traffic control tower, the Secretary shall add a 10 percentage 
        point margin of error to the benefit-to-cost ratio determination 
        to acknowledge and account for the direct and indirect economic 
        and other benefits that are not included in the criteria the 
        Secretary used in calculating that ratio.
            ``(4) Review of cost-benefit determinations.--In issuing a 
        benefit-to-cost ratio determination under this section with

[[Page 132 STAT. 3208]]

        respect to an air traffic control tower located at an airport, 
        the Secretary shall implement the following procedures:
                    ``(A) The Secretary shall provide the airport (or 
                the State or local government having jurisdiction over 
                the airport) at least 90 days following the date of 
                receipt of the determination to submit to the Secretary 
                a request for an appeal of the determination, together 
                with updated or additional data in support of the 
                appeal.
                    ``(B) Upon receipt of a request for an appeal 
                submitted pursuant to subparagraph (A), the Secretary 
                shall--
                          ``(i) transmit to the Administrator of the 
                      Federal Aviation Administration any updated or 
                      additional data submitted in support of the 
                      appeal; and
                          ``(ii) provide the Administrator not more than 
                      90 days to review the data and provide a response 
                      to the Secretary based on the review.
                    ``(C) After receiving a response from the 
                Administrator pursuant to subparagraph (B), the 
                Secretary shall--
                          ``(i) provide the airport, State, or local 
                      government that requested the appeal at least 30 
                      days to review the response; and
                          ``(ii) withhold from taking further action in 
                      connection with the appeal during that 30-day 
                      period.
                    ``(D) If, after completion of the appeal procedures 
                with respect to the determination, the Secretary 
                requires the tower to transition into the Cost-share 
                Program, the Secretary shall not require a cost-share 
                payment from the airport, State, or local government for 
                1 year following the last day of the 30-day period 
                described in subparagraph (C).

    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Contract tower program.--The term `Contract Tower 
        Program' means the level I air traffic control tower contract 
        program established under subsection (a) and continued under 
        subsection (b)(1).
            ``(2) Cost-share program.--The term `Cost-share Program' 
        means the cost-share program established under subsection 
        (b)(3).''.

    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Section 47124(b) of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(C), by striking ``the program 
        established under paragraph (3)'' and inserting ``the Cost-share 
        Program'';
            (2) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``contract air 
                traffic control tower program'' and inserting ``Cost-
                share program'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``contract 
                tower program established under subsection (a) and 
                continued under paragraph (1) (in this paragraph 
                referred to as the `Contract Tower Program')'' and 
                inserting ``Contract Tower Program'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``In carrying 
                out the program'' and inserting ``In carrying out the 
                Cost-share Program'';

[[Page 132 STAT. 3209]]

                    (D) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``participate 
                in the program'' and inserting ``participate in the 
                Cost-share Program''; and
                    (E) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``the program 
                continued under paragraph (1)'' and inserting ``the 
                Contract Tower Program''.

    (d) <<NOTE: 49 USC 47124 note.>>  Approval of Certain Applications 
for the Contract Tower Program.--
            (1) In general.--If the Administrator of the Federal 
        Aviation Administration has not implemented a revised cost-
        benefit methodology for purposes of determining eligibility for 
        the Contract Tower Program before the date that is 30 days after 
        the date of enactment of this Act, any airport with an 
        application for participation in the Contract Tower Program 
        pending as of January 1, 2017, shall be approved for 
        participation in the Contract Tower Program if the Administrator 
        determines the tower is eligible under the criteria set forth in 
        the Federal Aviation Administration report entitled 
        ``Establishment and Discontinuance Criteria for Airport Traffic 
        Control Towers'', and dated August 1990 (FAA-APO-90-7).
            (2) Requests for additional authority.--The Administrator 
        shall respond not later than 60 days after the date the 
        Administrator receives a formal request from an airport and air 
        traffic control contractor for additional authority to expand 
        contract tower operational hours and staff to accommodate flight 
        traffic outside of current tower operational hours.
            (3) Definition of contract tower program.--In this section, 
        the term ``Contract Tower Program'' has the meaning given the 
        term in section 47124(e) of title 49, United States Code, as 
        added by this Act.
SEC. 134. GOVERNMENT SHARE OF PROJECT COSTS.

    Section 47109(a) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``primary airport having 
        at least .25 percent of the total number of passenger boardings 
        each year at all commercial service airports;'' and inserting 
        ``medium or large hub airport;''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following:
            ``(5) 95 percent for a project that--
                    ``(A) the Administrator determines is a successive 
                phase of a multiphase construction project for which the 
                sponsor received a grant in fiscal year 2011; and
                    ``(B) for which the United States Government's share 
                of allowable project costs would otherwise be capped at 
                90 percent under paragraph (2) or (3).''.
SEC. 135. UPDATED VETERANS' PREFERENCE.

    Section 47112(c)(1)(C) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``or Operation New Dawn for more'' and 
        inserting ``Operation New Dawn, Operation Inherent Resolve, 
        Operation Freedom's Sentinel, or any successor contingency 
        operation to such operations for more''; and
            (2) by striking ``or Operation New Dawn (whichever is 
        later)'' and inserting ``Operation New Dawn, Operation Inherent 
        Resolve, Operation Freedom's Sentinel, or any successor 
        contingency operation to such operations (whichever is later)''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3210]]

SEC. 136. USE OF STATE HIGHWAY SPECIFICATIONS.

    Section 47114(d)(5) of title 49, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:
            ``(5) Use of state highway specifications.--The Secretary 
        shall use the highway specifications of a State for airfield 
        pavement construction and improvement using funds made available 
        under this subsection at nonprimary airports serving aircraft 
        that do not exceed 60,000 pounds gross weight if--
                    ``(A) such State requests the use of such 
                specifications; and
                    ``(B) the Secretary determines that--
                          ``(i) safety will not be negatively affected; 
                      and
                          ``(ii) the life of the pavement, with 
                      necessary maintenance and upkeep, will not be 
                      shorter than it would be if constructed using 
                      Administration standards.''.
SEC. 137. FORMER MILITARY AIRPORTS.

    Section 47118(a) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(C), by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) the airport is--
                    ``(A) a former military installation that, at any 
                time after December 31, 1965, was owned and operated by 
                the Department of Defense; and
                    ``(B) a nonhub primary airport.''.
SEC. 138. ELIGIBILITY OF CCTV PROJECTS FOR AIRPORT IMPROVEMENT 
                        PROGRAM.

    Section 47119(a)(1)(B) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``; and'' at the end and inserting ``; or'';
            (2) by striking ``directly related to moving passengers'' 
        and inserting the following: ``directly related to--
                          ``(i) moving passengers''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(ii) installing security cameras in the 
                      public area of the interior and exterior of the 
                      terminal; and''.
SEC. 139. STATE BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM EXPANSION.

    Section 47128(a) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``not more than 9 qualified States for fiscal years 2000 and 
2001 and 10 qualified States for each fiscal year thereafter'' and 
inserting ``not more than 20 qualified States for each fiscal year''.
SEC. 140. NON-MOVEMENT AREA SURVEILLANCE PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Subchapter I of chapter 471 of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after section 47142 the following:
``Sec. 47143. <<NOTE: 49 USC 47143.>>  Non-movement area 
                    surveillance surface display systems pilot 
                    program

    ``(a) In General.--The Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
Administration may carry out a pilot program to support non-Federal 
acquisition and installation of qualifying non-movement area 
surveillance surface display systems and sensors if--

[[Page 132 STAT. 3211]]

            ``(1) the Administrator determines that such systems and 
        sensors would improve safety or capacity in the National 
        Airspace System; and
            ``(2) the non-movement area surveillance surface display 
        systems and sensors supplement existing movement area systems 
        and sensors at the selected airports established under other 
        programs administered by the Administrator.

    ``(b) Project Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--For purposes of carrying out the pilot 
        program, the Administrator may make a project grant out of funds 
        apportioned under paragraph (1) or paragraph (2) of section 
        47114(c) to not more than 5 eligible sponsors to acquire and 
        install qualifying non-movement area surveillance surface 
        display systems and sensors. The airports selected to 
        participate in the pilot program shall have existing 
        Administration movement area systems and airlines that are 
        participants in Federal Aviation Administration's airport 
        collaborative decision-making process.
            ``(2) Data exchange processes.--As part of the pilot program 
        carried out under this section, the Administrator may establish 
        data exchange processes to allow airport participation in the 
        Administration's airport collaborative decision-making process 
        and fusion of the non-movement surveillance data with the 
        Administration's movement area systems.

    ``(c) Sunset.--This section shall cease to be effective on October 
1, 2023.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Non-movement area.--The term `non-movement area' means 
        the portion of the airfield surface that is not under the 
        control of air traffic control.
            ``(2) Non-movement area surveillance surface display systems 
        and sensors.--The term `non-movement area surveillance surface 
        display systems and sensors' means a non-Federal surveillance 
        system that uses on-airport sensors that track vehicles or 
        aircraft that are equipped with transponders in the non-movement 
        area.
            ``(3) Qualifying non-movement area surveillance surface 
        display system and sensors.--The term `qualifying non-movement 
        area surveillance surface display system and sensors' means a 
        non-movement area surveillance surface display system that--
                    ``(A) provides the required transmit and receive 
                data formats consistent with the National Airspace 
                System architecture at the appropriate service delivery 
                point;
                    ``(B) is on-airport; and
                    ``(C) is airport operated.''.

    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--The table of contents of 
chapter 471 of title 49, United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC 47101 
prec.>>  is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
47142 the following:

``47143. Non-movement area surveillance surface display systems pilot 
           program.''.

SEC. 141. PROPERTY CONVEYANCE RELEASES.

    Section 817(a) of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (49 
U.S.C. 47125 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``or section 23'' and inserting ``, section 
        23''; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3212]]

            (2) by inserting ``, or section 47125 of title 49, United 
        States Code'' before the period at the end.
SEC. 142. STUDY REGARDING TECHNOLOGY USAGE AT AIRPORTS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration 
shall initiate a study on--
            (1) technology developed by international entities 
        (including foreign nations and companies) that have been 
        installed in American airports and aviation systems over the 
        past decade, including the nation where the technology was 
        developed and any airports utilizing the technology; and
            (2) aviation safety-related technology developed and 
        implemented by international entities with proven track records 
        of success that may assist in establishing best practices to 
        improve American aviation operations and safety.

    (b) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees 
of Congress a report on the results of the study.
SEC. 143. STUDY ON AIRPORT REVENUE DIVERSION.

    (a) Study.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall initiate a 
study of--
            (1) the legal and financial challenges related to repealing 
        the exception in section 47107(b)(2) of title 49, United States 
        Code, for those airports that the Federal Aviation 
        Administration has identified are covered by the exception; and
            (2) measures that may be taken to mitigate the impact of 
        repealing the exception.

    (b) Contents.--The study required under subsection (a) shall 
address--
            (1) the level of revenue diversion at the airports covered 
        by the exception described in subsection (a)(1) and the uses of 
        the diverted revenue;
            (2) the terms of any bonds or financial covenants an airport 
        owner has issued relying on diverted airport revenue;
            (3) applicable local laws or ordinances requiring use of 
        airport revenue for nonairport purposes;
            (4) whether repealing the exception would improve the long-
        term financial performance of impacted airports; and
            (5) any other practical implications of repealing the 
        exception for airports or the national aviation system.

    (c) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report on the results of the study.
SEC. 144. GAO STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF GRANTING AN EXCLUSIVE RIGHT 
                        OF AERONAUTICAL SERVICES TO AN AIRPORT 
                        SPONSOR.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct 
a study to examine the cases in which an airport sponsor has exercised 
an exclusive right (commonly known as a proprietary exclusive right), as 
described in the Federal Aviation Advisory Circular 150/1590-6 issued on 
January 4, 2007.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3213]]

    (b) Report.--Upon completion of the study described under subsection 
(a), the Comptroller General shall submit to the appropriate committees 
of Congress a report on the findings of the study.
SEC. 145. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON SMART AIRPORTS.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Administrator of the Federal 
Aviation Administration and the Secretary of Transportation should 
produce a smart airports initiative plan that focuses on creating a more 
consumer-friendly and digitally connected airport experience. The plan 
should include recommendations on modernizing technologies to provide 
more efficient check-ins, shortened security lines, Wi-Fi and GPS 
upgrades, as well as improvements of aircraft turnaround for on-time 
boarding and flights. The purpose of the initiative is to invest in 
technologies and infrastructure toward better-connected airports while 
providing appropriate national security and cybersecurity for travelers.
SEC. 146. CRITICAL AIRFIELD MARKINGS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall issue a 
request for proposal for a study that includes--
            (1) an independent, third-party study to assess the 
        durability of Type III and Type I glass beads applied to 
        critical markings over a 2-year period at not fewer than 2 
        primary airports in varying weather conditions to measure the 
        retroreflectivity levels of such markings on a quarterly basis; 
        and
            (2) a study at 2 other airports carried out by applying Type 
        III glass beads on half of the centerline and Type I glass beads 
        to the other half and providing for assessments from pilots 
        through surveys administered by a third party as to the 
        visibility and performance of the Type III glass beads as 
        compared to the Type I glass beads over a 1-year period.
SEC. 147. GENERAL FACILITIES AUTHORITY.

    Section 44502 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (e) and inserting the following:

    ``(e) Transfers of Air Traffic Systems.--
            ``(1) In general.--An airport may transfer, without 
        consideration, to the Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
        Administration, an eligible air traffic system or equipment that 
        conforms to performance specifications of the Administrator if a 
        Government airport aid program, airport development aid program, 
        or airport improvement project grant was used to assist in 
        purchasing the system or equipment.
            ``(2) Acceptance.--The Administrator shall accept the 
        eligible air traffic system or equipment and operate and 
        maintain it under criteria of the Administrator.
            ``(3) Definition.--In this subsection, the term `eligible 
        air traffic system or equipment' means--
                    ``(A) an instrument landing system consisting of a 
                glide slope and localizer (if the Administrator has 
                determined that a satellite navigation system cannot 
                provide a suitable approach to an airport);
                    ``(B) an Automated Weather Observing System weather 
                observation system; or

[[Page 132 STAT. 3214]]

                    ``(C) a Remote Communication Air/Ground and Remote 
                Communication Outlet communications facility.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(f) Airport Space.--
            ``(1) Restriction.--The Administrator may not require an 
        airport owner or sponsor (as defined in section 47102) to 
        provide to the Federal Aviation Administration without cost any 
        of the following:
                    ``(A) Building construction, maintenance, utilities, 
                or expenses for services relating to air traffic 
                control, air navigation, or weather reporting.
                    ``(B) Space in a facility owned by the airport owner 
                or sponsor for services relating to air traffic control, 
                air navigation, or weather reporting.
            ``(2) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this subsection may 
        be construed to affect--
                    ``(A) any agreement the Secretary may have or make 
                with an airport owner or sponsor for the airport owner 
                or sponsor to provide any of the items described in 
                paragraph (1)(A) or (1)(B) at below-market rates; or
                    ``(B) any grant assurance that requires an airport 
                owner or sponsor to provide land to the Administration 
                without cost for an air traffic control facility.''.
SEC. 148. RECYCLING PLANS; UNCATEGORIZED SMALL AIRPORTS.

    (a) Project Grant Application Approval.--Section 47106(a) of title 
49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (5), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (6), by inserting ``that includes the 
        project'' before ``, the master plan'';
            (3) in paragraph (6)(E), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(7) if the project is at an airport that is listed as 
        having an unclassified status under the most recent national 
        plan of integrated airport systems (as described in section 
        47103), the project will be funded with an amount appropriated 
        under section 47114(d)(3)(B) and is--
                    ``(A) for maintenance of the pavement of the primary 
                runway;
                    ``(B) for obstruction removal for the primary 
                runway;
                    ``(C) for the rehabilitation of the primary runway; 
                or
                    ``(D) for a project that the Secretary considers 
                necessary for the safe operation of the airport.''.

    (b) Nonprimary Apportionment.--Section 47114(d)(3) of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) During fiscal years 2019 and 2020--
                          ``(i) an airport that accrued apportionment 
                      funds under subparagraph (A) in fiscal year 2013 
                      that is listed as having an unclassified status 
                      under the most recent national plan of integrated 
                      airport systems shall continue to accrue 
                      apportionment funds under subparagraph (A) at the 
                      same amount the airport accrued apportionment 
                      funds in fiscal year 2013, subject to the 
                      conditions of this paragraph;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3215]]

                          ``(ii) notwithstanding the period of 
                      availability as described in section 47117(b), an 
                      amount apportioned to an airport under clause (i) 
                      shall be available to the airport only during the 
                      fiscal year in which the amount is apportioned; 
                      and
                          ``(iii) notwithstanding the waiver permitted 
                      under section 47117(c)(2), an airport receiving 
                      apportionment funds under clause (i) may not waive 
                      its claim to any part of the apportioned funds in 
                      order to make the funds available for a grant for 
                      another public-use airport.
                    ``(D) An airport that re-establishes its classified 
                status shall be eligible to accrue apportionment funds 
                pursuant to subparagraph (A) so long as such airport 
                retains its classified status.''.
SEC. 149. EVALUATION OF AIRPORT MASTER PLANS.

    Section 47106 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(h) Evaluation of Airport Master Plans.--When evaluating the 
master plan of an airport for purposes of this subchapter, the Secretary 
shall take into account--
            ``(1) the role the airport plays with respect to medical 
        emergencies and evacuations; and
            ``(2) the role the airport plays in emergency or disaster 
        preparedness in the community served by the airport.''.
SEC. 150. DEFINITION OF SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN.

    Section 47113(a)(1) of title 49, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:
            ``(1) `small business concern'--
                    ``(A) has the meaning given the term in section 3 of 
                the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632); but
                    ``(B) in the case of a concern in the construction 
                industry, a concern shall be considered a small business 
                concern if the concern meets the size standard for the 
                North American Industry Classification System Code 
                237310, as adjusted by the Small Business 
                Administration;''.
SEC. 151. SMALL AIRPORT REGULATION RELIEF.

    Section 47114(c)(1) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
striking subparagraph (F) and inserting the following:
                    ``(F) Special rule for fiscal years 2018 through 
                2020.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (A) and subject to 
                subparagraph (G), the Secretary shall apportion to a 
                sponsor of an airport under that subparagraph for each 
                of fiscal years 2018 through 2020 an amount based on the 
                number of passenger boardings at the airport during 
                calendar year 2012 if the airport--
                          ``(i) had 10,000 or more passenger boardings 
                      during calendar year 2012;
                          ``(ii) had fewer than 10,000 passenger 
                      boardings during the calendar year used to 
                      calculate the apportionment for fiscal year 2018, 
                      2019, or 2020, as applicable, under subparagraph 
                      (A); and
                          ``(iii) had scheduled air service at any point 
                      in the calendar year used to calculate the 
                      apportionment.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3216]]

                    ``(G) Limitations and waivers.--The authority to 
                make apportionments in the manner prescribed in 
                subparagraph (F) may be utilized no more than 3 years in 
                a row. The Secretary may waive this limitation if the 
                Secretary determines that an airport's enplanements are 
                substantially close to 10,000 enplanements and the 
                airport sponsor or affected communities are taking 
                reasonable steps to restore enplanements above 10,000.
                    ``(H) Minimum apportionment for commercial service 
                airports with more than 8,000 passenger boardings in a 
                calendar year.--Not less than $600,000 may be 
                apportioned under subparagraph (A) for each fiscal year 
                to each sponsor of a commercial service airport that had 
                fewer than 10,000 passenger boardings, but at least 
                8,000 passenger boardings, during the prior calendar 
                year.''.
SEC. 152. CONSTRUCTION OF CERTAIN CONTROL TOWERS.

    Section 47116(d) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Control tower construction.--Notwithstanding section 
        47124(b)(4)(A), the Secretary may provide grants under this 
        section to an airport sponsor participating in the contract 
        tower program under section 47124 for the construction or 
        improvement of a nonapproach control tower, as defined by the 
        Secretary, and for the acquisition and installation of air 
        traffic control, communications, and related equipment to be 
        used in that tower. Such grants shall be subject to the 
        distribution requirements of subsection (b) and the eligibility 
        requirements of section 47124(b)(4)(B).''.
SEC. 153. NONDISCRIMINATION.

    Section 47123 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``The Secretary of Transportation'' and 
        inserting the following:

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Transportation''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(b) Indian Employment.--
            ``(1) Tribal sponsor preference.--Consistent with section 
        703(i) of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000e-2(i)), 
        nothing in this section shall preclude the preferential 
        employment of Indians living on or near a reservation on a 
        project or contract at--
                    ``(A) an airport sponsored by an Indian tribal 
                government; or
                    ``(B) an airport located on an Indian reservation.
            ``(2) State preference.--A State may implement a preference 
        for employment of Indians on a project carried out under this 
        subchapter near an Indian reservation.
            ``(3) Implementation.--The Secretary shall consult with 
        Indian tribal governments and cooperate with the States to 
        implement this subsection.
            ``(4) Indian tribal government defined.--In this section, 
        the term `Indian tribal government' has the same meaning given 
        that term in section 102 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster 
        Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5122).''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3217]]

SEC. 154. DEFINITION OF AIRPORT DEVELOPMENT.

    Section 47116(d)(2) of title 49, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:
            ``(2) Airport development for eligible mountaintop 
        airports.--In making grants to sponsors described in subsection 
        (b), the Secretary shall give priority consideration to mass 
        grading and associated structural support (including access 
        road, duct banks, and other related infrastructure) at 
        mountaintop airports, provided that the airport would not 
        otherwise have sufficient surface area for--
                    ``(A) eligible and justified airport development 
                projects; or
                    ``(B) additional hangar space.''.
SEC. 155. GENERAL AVIATION AIRPORT EXPIRED FUNDS.

    Section 47117(b) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``An amount'' and inserting ``(1) In 
        general.--An amount'';
            (2) by striking ``If the amount'' and inserting ``Except as 
        provided in paragraph (2), if the amount''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Expired amounts apportioned for general aviation 
        airports.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), if an amount apportioned under section 
                47114(d) is not obligated within the time specified in 
                paragraph (1), that amount shall be added to the 
                discretionary fund under section 47115 of this title, 
                provided that--
                          ``(i) amounts made available under paragraph 
                      (2)(A) shall be used for grants for projects in 
                      accordance with section 47115(d)(2) at airports 
                      eligible to receive an apportionment under section 
                      47114(d)(2) or (3)(A), whichever is applicable; 
                      and
                          ``(ii) amounts made available under paragraph 
                      (2)(A) that are not obligated by July 1 of the 
                      fiscal year in which the funds will expire shall 
                      be made available for all projects in accordance 
                      with section 47115(d)(2).
                    ``(B) State block grant program.--If an amount 
                apportioned to an airport under section 47114(d)(3)(A) 
                is not obligated within the time specified in paragraph 
                (1), and the airport is located in a State participating 
                in the State block grant program under section 47128, 
                the amount shall be made available to that State under 
                the same conditions as if the State had been apportioned 
                the amount under section 47114(d)(3)(B).''.
SEC. 156. <<NOTE: 49 USC 47112 note.>> PRIORITY REVIEW OF 
                        CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS IN COLD WEATHER 
                        STATES.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
Administration, to the extent practicable, shall schedule the 
Administrator's review of construction projects so that projects to be 
carried out in the States in which the weather during a typical calendar 
year prevents major construction projects from being carried out before 
May 1 are reviewed as early as possible.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3218]]

    (b) Briefing.--The Administrator shall provide a briefing to the 
appropriate committees of Congress annually on the effectiveness of the 
review and prioritization.
    (c) Technical Amendment.--Section 154 of the FAA Modernization and 
Reform Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 47112 note) and the item relating to that 
section in the table of contents under section 1(b) of that Act (126 
Stat. 13) are repealed.
SEC. 157. <<NOTE: 49 USC 47113 note.>>  MINORITY AND DISADVANTAGED 
                        BUSINESS PARTICIPATION.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) While significant progress has occurred due to the 
        establishment of the airport disadvantaged business enterprise 
        program (sections 47107(e) and 47113 of title 49, United States 
        Code), discrimination and related barriers continue to pose 
        significant obstacles for minority- and women-owned businesses 
        seeking to do business in airport-related markets across the 
        Nation. These continuing barriers merit the continuation of the 
        airport disadvantaged business enterprise program.
            (2) Congress has received and reviewed testimony and 
        documentation of race and gender discrimination from numerous 
        sources, including congressional hearings and roundtables, 
        scientific reports, reports issued by public and private 
        agencies, news stories, reports of discrimination by 
        organizations and individuals, and discrimination lawsuits. This 
        testimony and documentation shows that race- and gender-neutral 
        efforts alone are insufficient to address the problem.
            (3) This testimony and documentation demonstrates that 
        discrimination across the Nation poses a barrier to full and 
        fair participation in airport-related businesses of women 
        business owners and minority business owners in the racial 
        groups detailed in parts 23 and 26 of title 49, Code of Federal 
        Regulations, and has impacted firm development and many aspects 
        of airport-related business in the public and private markets.
            (4) This testimony and documentation provides a strong basis 
        that there is a compelling need for the continuation of the 
        airport disadvantaged business enterprise program and the 
        airport concessions disadvantaged business enterprise program to 
        address race and gender discrimination in airport-related 
        business.

    (b) Prompt Payments.--
            (1) Reporting of complaints.--Not later than 120 days after 
        the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the 
        Federal Aviation Administration shall ensure that each airport 
        that participates in the Program tracks, and reports to the 
        Administrator, the number of covered complaints made in relation 
        to activities at that airport.
            (2) Improving compliance.--
                    (A) In general.--The Administrator shall take 
                actions to assess and improve compliance with prompt 
                payment requirements under part 26 of title 49, Code of 
                Federal Regulations.
                    (B) Contents of assessment.--In carrying out 
                subparagraph (A), the Administrator shall assess--
                          (i) whether requirements relating to the 
                      inclusion of prompt payment language in contracts 
                      are being satisfied;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3219]]

                          (ii) whether and how airports are enforcing 
                      prompt payment requirements;
                          (iii) the processes by which covered 
                      complaints are received and resolved by airports;
                          (iv) whether improvements need to be made to--
                                    (I) better track covered complaints 
                                received by airports; and
                                    (II) assist the resolution of 
                                covered complaints in a timely manner;
                          (v) whether changes to prime contractor 
                      specifications need to be made to ensure prompt 
                      payments to subcontractors; and,
                          (vi) whether changes to prime contractor 
                      specifications need to be made to ensure prompt 
                      payment of retainage to subcontractors.
                    (C) Reporting.--The Administrator shall make 
                available to the public on an appropriate website 
                operated by the Administrator a report describing the 
                results of the assessment completed under this 
                paragraph, including a plan to respond to such results.
            (3) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
        definitions apply:
                    (A) Covered complaint.--The term ``covered 
                complaint'' means a complaint relating to an alleged 
                failure to satisfy a prompt payment requirement under 
                part 26 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations.
                    (B) Program.--The term ``Program'' means the airport 
                disadvantaged business enterprise program referenced in 
                subsection (a)(1) of the FAA Modernization and Reform 
                Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 47113 note).
SEC. 158. SUPPLEMENTAL DISCRETIONARY FUNDS.

    Section 47115 of title 49, United States Code, is further amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(j) Supplemental Discretionary Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a program 
        to provide grants, subject to the conditions of this subsection, 
        for any purpose for which amounts are made available under 
        section 48103 that the Secretary considers most appropriate to 
        carry out this subchapter.
            ``(2) Treatment of grants.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A grant made under this 
                subsection shall be treated as having been made pursuant 
                to the Secretary's authority under section 47104(a) and 
                from the Secretary's discretionary fund under subsection 
                (a) of this section.
                    ``(B) Exception.--Except as otherwise provided in 
                this subsection, grants made under this subsection shall 
                not be subject to subsection (c), section 47117(e), or 
                any other apportionment formula, special apportionment 
                category, or minimum percentage set forth in this 
                chapter.
            ``(3) Eligibility and prioritization.--
                    ``(A) Eligibility.--The Secretary may provide grants 
                under this subsection for an airport or terminal 
                development project at any airport that is eligible to 
                receive a grant from the discretionary fund under 
                subsection (a) of this section.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3220]]

                    ``(B) Prioritization.--Not less than 50 percent of 
                the amounts available under this subsection shall used 
                to provide grants at--
                          ``(i) airports that are eligible for 
                      apportionment under section 47114(d)(3); and
                          ``(ii) nonhub and small hub airports.
            ``(4) Authorization.--
                    ``(A) In general.--There is authorized to be 
                appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this 
                subsection the following amounts:
                          ``(i) $1,020,000,000 for fiscal year 2019.
                          ``(ii) $1,041,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.
                          ``(iii) $1,064,000,000 for fiscal year 2021.
                          ``(iv) $1,087,000,000 for fiscal year 2022.
                          ``(v) $1,110,000,000 for fiscal year 2023.
                    ``(B) Availability.--Sums authorized to be 
                appropriated under subparagraph (A) shall remain 
                available for 2 fiscal years.''.
SEC. 159. STATE TAXATION.

    (a) In General.--Section 40116(d)(2)(A) of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(v) except as otherwise provided under section 47133, levy 
        or collect a tax, fee, or charge, first taking effect after the 
        date of enactment of this clause, upon any business located at a 
        commercial service airport or operating as a permittee of such 
        an airport that is not generally imposed on sales or services by 
        that State, political subdivision, or authority unless wholly 
        utilized for airport or aeronautical purposes.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 49 USC 40116 note.>>  Rule of Construction.--Nothing in 
this section or an amendment made by this section shall affect a change 
to a rate or other provision of a tax, fee, or charge under section 
40116 of title 49, United States Code, that was enacted prior to the 
date of enactment of this Act. Such provision of a tax, fee, or charge 
shall continue to be subject to the requirements to which such provision 
was subject under that section as in effect on the day before the date 
of enactment of this Act.
SEC. 160. AIRPORT INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 47134 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking the section heading and inserting ``Airport 
        investment partnership program'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``, with respect to not 
        more than 10 airports,'';
            (3) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``The Secretary may 
        grant an exemption to a sponsor'' and inserting ``If the 
        Secretary grants an exemption to a sponsor pursuant to paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall grant an exemption to the sponsor'';
            (4) in subsection (b)(3), by striking ``The Secretary may 
        grant an exemption to a purchaser or lessee'' and inserting ``If 
        the Secretary grants an exemption to a sponsor pursuant to 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall grant an exemption to the 
        corresponding purchaser or lessee'';
            (5) by amending subsection (d) to read as follows:

    ``(d) Program Participation.--
            ``(1) Multiple airports.--The Secretary may consider 
        applications under this section submitted by a public airport

[[Page 132 STAT. 3221]]

        sponsor for multiple airports under the control of the sponsor 
        if all airports under the control of the sponsor are located in 
        the same State.
            ``(2) Partial privatization.--A purchaser or lessee may be 
        an entity in which a sponsor has an interest.''; and
            (6) by striking subsections (l) and (m) and inserting the 
        following:

    ``(l) Predevelopment Limitation.--A grant to an airport sponsor 
under this subchapter for predevelopment planning costs relating to the 
preparation of an application or proposed application under this section 
may not exceed $750,000 per application or proposed application.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 471 of title 49, 
United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC 471101 prec.>>  is amended by 
striking the item relating to section 47134 and inserting the following:

``47134. Airport investment partnership program.''.

SEC. 161. <<NOTE: 49 USC 47104 note.>>  REMOTE TOWER PILOT PROGRAM 
                        FOR RURAL AND SMALL COMMUNITIES.

    (a) Pilot Program.--
            (1) Establishment.--The Administrator of the Federal 
        Aviation Administration shall establish--
                    (A) in consultation with airport operators and other 
                aviation stakeholders, a pilot program at public-use 
                airports to construct and operate remote towers in order 
                to assess their operational benefits;
                    (B) a selection process for participation in the 
                pilot program; and
                    (C) a clear process for the safety and operational 
                certification of the remote towers.
            (2) Safety considerations.--
                    (A) Safety risk management panel.--Prior to the 
                operational use of a remote tower under the pilot 
                program established in subsection (a), the Administrator 
                shall convene a safety risk management panel for the 
                tower to address any safety issues with respect to the 
                tower. The panels shall be created and utilized in a 
                manner similar to that of the safety risk management 
                panels previously convened for remote towers and shall 
                take into account existing best practices and 
                operational data from existing remote towers in the 
                United States.
                    (B) Consultation.--In establishing the pilot 
                program, the Administrator shall consult with operators 
                of remote towers in the United States and foreign 
                countries to design the pilot program in a manner that 
                leverages as many safety and airspace efficiency 
                benefits as possible.
            (3) Applications.--The operator of an airport seeking to 
        participate in the pilot program shall submit to the 
        Administrator an application that is in such form and contains 
        such information as the Administrator may require.
            (4) Program design.--In designing the pilot program, the 
        Administrator shall--
                    (A) to the maximum extent practicable, ensure that 
                at least 2 different vendors of remote tower systems 
                participate;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3222]]

                    (B) identify which air traffic control information 
                and data will assist the Administrator in evaluating the 
                feasibility, safety, costs, and benefits of remote 
                towers;
                    (C) implement processes necessary to collect the 
                information and data identified in subparagraph (B);
                    (D) develop criteria, in addition to considering 
                possible selection criteria in paragraph (5), for the 
                selection of airports that will best assist the 
                Administrator in evaluating the feasibility, safety, 
                costs, and benefits of remote towers, including the 
                amount and variety of air traffic at an airport; and
                    (E) prioritize the selection of airports that can 
                best demonstrate the capabilities and benefits of remote 
                towers, including applicants proposing to operate 
                multiple remote towers from a single facility.
            (5) Selection criteria for consideration.--In selecting 
        airports for participation in the pilot program, the 
        Administrator, after consultation with representatives of labor 
        organizations representing operators and employees of the air 
        traffic control system, shall consider for participation in the 
        pilot program--
                    (A) 1 nonhub airport;
                    (B) 3 airports that are not primary airports and 
                that do not have existing air traffic control towers;
                    (C) 1 airport that participates in the Contract 
                Tower Program; and
                    (D) 1 airport selected at the discretion of the 
                Administrator.
            (6) Data.--The Administrator shall clearly identify and 
        collect air traffic control information and data from 
        participating airports that will assist the Administrator in 
        evaluating the feasibility, safety, costs, and benefits of 
        remote towers.
            (7) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date the first 
        remote tower is operational, and annually thereafter, the 
        Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
        Congress a report--
                    (A) detailing any benefits, costs, or safety 
                improvements associated with the use of the remote 
                towers; and
                    (B) evaluating the feasibility of using remote 
                towers, particularly in the Contract Tower Program, for 
                airports without an air traffic control tower, to 
                improve safety at airports with towers, or to reduce 
                costs without impacting safety at airports with or 
                without existing towers.
            (8) Deadline.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall select airports 
        for participation in the pilot program.
            (9) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) Contract tower program.--The term ``Contract 
                Tower Program'' has the meaning given the term in 
                section 47124(e) of title 49, United States Code, as 
                added by this Act.
                    (B) Remote tower.--The term ``remote tower'' means a 
                remotely operated air navigation facility, including all 
                necessary system components, that provides the functions 
                and capabilities of an air traffic control tower whereby 
                air traffic services are provided to operators at an 
                airport from a location that may not be on or near the 
                airport.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3223]]

                    (C) Other definitions.--The terms ``nonhub 
                airport'', ``primary airport'', and ``public-use 
                airport'' have the meanings given such terms in section 
                47102 of title 49, United States Code.
            (10) Sunset.--This subsection, including the report required 
        under paragraph (8), shall not be in effect after September 30, 
        2023.

    (b) Remote Tower Program.--Concurrent with the establishment of the 
process for safety and operational certification of remote towers under 
subsection (a)(1)(C), the Administrator shall establish a process to 
authorize the construction and commissioning of additional remote towers 
that are certificated under subsection (a)(1)(C) at other airports.
    (c) AIP Funding Eligibility.--For purposes of the pilot program 
under subsection (a), and after certificated remote towers are available 
under subsection (b), constructing a remote tower or acquiring and 
installing air traffic control, communications, or related equipment 
specifically for a remote tower shall be considered airport development 
(as defined in section 47102 of title 49, United States Code) for 
purposes of subchapter I of chapter 471 of that title if the components 
are installed and used at the airport, except, as needed, for off-
airport sensors installed on leased towers.
SEC. 162. <<NOTE: 49 USC 47102 note.>>  AIRPORT ACCESS ROADS IN 
                        REMOTE LOCATIONS.

    Notwithstanding section 47102 of title 49, United States Code, for 
fiscal years 2018 through 2023--
            (1) the definition of the term ``airport development'' under 
        that section includes the construction of a storage facility to 
        shelter snow removal equipment or aircraft rescue and 
        firefighting equipment that is owned by an airport sponsor and 
        used exclusively to maintain safe airfield operations, up to the 
        facility size necessary to accommodate the types and quantities 
        of equipment prescribed by the FAA, regardless of whether 
        Federal funding was used to acquire the equipment;
            (2) a storage facility to shelter snow removal equipment may 
        exceed the facility size limitation described in paragraph (1) 
        if the airport sponsor certifies to the Secretary that the 
        following conditions are met:
                    (A) The storage facility to be constructed will be 
                used to store snow removal equipment exclusively used 
                for clearing airfield pavement of snow and ice following 
                a weather event.
                    (B) The airport is categorized as a local general 
                aviation airport in the Federal Aviation 
                Administration's 2017-2021 National Plan of Integrated 
                Airport Systems (NPIAS) report.
                    (C) The 30-year annual snowfall normal of the 
                nearest weather station based on the National Oceanic 
                and Atmospheric Administration Summary of Monthly 
                Normals 1981-2010 exceeds 26 inches.
                    (D) The airport serves as a base for a medical air 
                ambulance transport aircraft.
                    (E) The airport master record (Form 5010-1) 
                effective on September 14, 2017 for the airport 
                indicates 45 based aircraft consisting of single engine, 
                multiple engine, and jet engine aircraft.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3224]]

                    (F) No funding under this section will be used for 
                any portion of the storage facility designed to shelter 
                maintenance and operations equipment that are not 
                required for clearing airfield pavement of snow and ice.
                    (G) The airport sponsor will complete design of the 
                storage building not later than September 30, 2019, and 
                will initiate construction of the storage building not 
                later than September 30, 2020.
                    (H) The area of the storage facility, or portion 
                thereof, to be funded under this subsection does not 
                exceed 6,000 square feet; and
            (3) the definition of the term ``terminal development'' 
        under that section includes the development of an airport access 
        road that--
                    (A) is located in a noncontiguous State;
                    (B) is not more than 5 miles in length;
                    (C) connects to the nearest public roadways of not 
                more than the 2 closest census designated places; and
                    (D) may provide incidental access to public or 
                private property that is adjacent to the road and is not 
                otherwise connected to a public road.
SEC. 163. LIMITED REGULATION OF NON-FEDERALLY SPONSORED PROPERTY.

    (a) <<NOTE: 49 USC 47107 note.>>  In General.--Except as provided in 
subsection (b), the Secretary of Transportation may not directly or 
indirectly regulate--
            (1) the acquisition, use, lease, encumbrance, transfer, or 
        disposal of land by an airport owner or operator;
            (2) any facility upon such land; or
            (3) any portion of such land or facility.

    (b) <<NOTE: 49 USC 47107 note.>>  Exceptions.--Subsection (a) does 
not apply to--
            (1) any regulation ensuring--
                    (A) the safe and efficient operation of aircraft or 
                safety of people and property on the ground related to 
                aircraft operations;
                    (B) that an airport owner or operator receives not 
                less than fair market value in the context of a 
                commercial transaction for the use, lease, encumbrance, 
                transfer, or disposal of land, any facilities on such 
                land, or any portion of such land or facilities; or
                    (C) that the airport pays not more than fair market 
                value in the context of a commercial transaction for the 
                acquisition of land or facilities on such land;
            (2) any regulation imposed with respect to land or a 
        facility acquired or modified using Federal funding; or
            (3) any authority contained in--
                    (A) a Surplus Property Act instrument of transfer, 
                or
                    (B) section 40117 of title 49, United States Code.

    (c) <<NOTE: 49 USC 47107 note.>>  Rule of Construction.--Nothing in 
this section shall be construed to affect the applicability of sections 
47107(b) or 47133 of title 49, United States Code, to revenues generated 
by the use, lease, encumbrance, transfer, or disposal of land under 
subsection (a), facilities upon such land, or any portion of such land 
or facilities.

    (d) Amendments to Airport Layout Plans.--Section 47107(a)(16) of 
title 49, United States Code, is amended--

[[Page 132 STAT. 3225]]

            (1) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
        following:
                    ``(B) the Secretary will review and approve or 
                disapprove only those portions of the plan (or any 
                subsequent revision to the plan) that materially impact 
                the safe and efficient operation of aircraft at, to, or 
                from the airport or that would adversely affect the 
                safety of people or property on the ground adjacent to 
                the airport as a result of aircraft operations, or that 
                adversely affect the value of prior Federal investments 
                to a significant extent;'';
            (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``if the alteration'' 
        and all that follows through ``airport; and'' and inserting the 
        following: ``unless the alteration--
                          ``(i) is outside the scope of the Secretary's 
                      review and approval authority as set forth in 
                      subparagraph (B); or
                          ``(ii) complies with the portions of the plan 
                      approved by the Secretary; and''; and
            (3) in subparagraph (D), in the matter preceding clause (i), 
        by striking ``when an alternation'' and all that follows through 
        ``Secretary, will'' and inserting ``when an alteration in the 
        airport or its facility is made that is within the scope of the 
        Secretary's review and approval authority as set forth in 
        subparagraph (B), and does not conform with the portions of the 
        plan approved by the Secretary, and the Secretary decides that 
        the alteration adversely affects the safety, utility, or 
        efficiency of aircraft operations, or of any property on or off 
        the airport that is owned, leased, or financed by the 
        Government, then the owner or operator will, if requested by the 
        Secretary''.
SEC. 164. SEASONAL AIRPORTS.

    Section 47114(c)(1) of title 49, United States Code, as amended by 
this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(I) Seasonal airports.--Notwithstanding section 
                47102, if the Secretary determines that a commercial 
                service airport with at least 8,000 passenger boardings 
                receives scheduled air carrier service for fewer than 6 
                months in the calendar year used to calculate 
                apportionments to airport sponsors in a fiscal year, 
                then the Secretary shall consider the airport to be a 
                nonhub primary airport for purposes of this chapter.''.
SEC. 165. AMENDMENTS TO DEFINITIONS.

    Section 47102 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (K), by striking ``7505a) and if 
                such project will result in an airport receiving 
                appropriate'' and inserting ``7505a)) and if the airport 
                would be able to receive'';
                    (B) by striking subparagraph (L) and inserting the 
                following:
                    ``(L) a project by a commercial service airport for 
                the acquisition of airport-owned vehicles or ground 
                support equipment equipped with low-emission technology 
                if the airport is located in an air quality 
                nonattainment or maintenance area (as defined in 
                sections 171(2) and 175A of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 
                7501(2); 7505a)), if the airport would be able to 
                receive appropriate emission

[[Page 132 STAT. 3226]]

                credits (as described in section 47139), and the 
                vehicles are;
                          ``(i) used exclusively on airport property; or
                          ``(ii) used exclusively to transport 
                      passengers and employees between the airport and 
                      the airport's consolidated rental car facility or 
                      an intermodal surface transportation facility 
                      adjacent to the airport.''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(P) an on-airport project to improve the 
                reliability and efficiency of the airport's power supply 
                and to prevent power disruptions to the airfield, 
                passenger terminal, and any other airport facilities, 
                including the acquisition and installation of electrical 
                generators, separation of the airport's main power 
                supply from its redundant power supply, and the 
                construction or modification of airport facilities to 
                install a microgrid (as defined in section 641 of the 
                United States Energy Storage Competitiveness Act of 2007 
                (42 U.S.C. 17231)).
                    ``(Q) converting or retrofitting vehicles and ground 
                support equipment into eligible zero-emission vehicles 
                and equipment (as defined in section 47136) and for 
                acquiring, by purchase or lease, eligible zero-emission 
                vehicles and equipment.
                    ``(R) predevelopment planning, including financial, 
                legal, or procurement consulting services, related to an 
                application or proposed application for an exemption 
                under section 47134.'';
            (2) in paragraph (5), by striking ``regulations'' and 
        inserting ``requirements''; and
            (3) in paragraph (8), by striking ``public'' and inserting 
        ``public-use''.
SEC. 166. PILOT PROGRAM SUNSETS.

    (a) In General.--Sections 47136 and 47140 of title 49, United States 
Code, are repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Sections 47136a and 47140a of title 49, United States 
        Code, are redesignated as sections 47136 and 47140, 
        respectively.
            (2) Section 47139 of title 49, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (c); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
                (c).

    (c) Clerical Amendments.--The analysis for chapter 471 of title 49, 
United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC 47101 prec.>>  is amended--
            (1) by striking the items relating to sections 47136, 
        47136a, 47140, and 47140a;
            (2) by inserting after the item relating to section 47135 
        the following:

``47136. Zero-emission airport vehicles and infrastructure.''; and

            (3) by inserting after the item relating to section 47139 
        the following:

``47140. Increasing the energy efficiency of airport power sources.''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3227]]

SEC. 167. <<NOTE: 49 USC 50101 note.>>  BUY AMERICA REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Notice of Waivers.--If the Secretary of Transportation 
determines that it is necessary to waive the application of section 
50101(a) of title 49, United States Code, based on a finding under 
section 50101(b) of that title, the Secretary, at least 10 days before 
the date on which the waiver takes effect, shall--
            (1) make publicly available, in an easily identifiable 
        location on the website of the Department of Transportation, a 
        detailed written justification of the waiver determination; and
            (2) provide an informal public notice and comment 
        opportunity on the waiver determination.

    (b) Annual Report.--For each fiscal year, the Secretary shall submit 
to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on waivers issued 
under section 50101 of title 49, United States Code, during the fiscal 
year.

        Subtitle D--Airport Noise and Environmental Streamlining

SEC. 171. FUNDING ELIGIBILITY FOR AIRPORT ENERGY EFFICIENCY 
                        ASSESSMENTS.

    (a) Cost Reimbursements.--Section 47140(a) of title 49, United 
States Code, as so redesignated, is amended by striking ``airport.'' and 
inserting ``airport, and to reimburse the airport sponsor for the costs 
incurred in conducting the assessment.''.
    (b) Safety Priority.--Section 47140(b)(2) of title 49, United States 
Code, as so redesignated, is amended by inserting ``, including a 
certification that no safety projects are being be deferred by 
requesting a grant under this section,'' after ``an application''.
SEC. 172. <<NOTE: 49 USC 47521 note.>>  AUTHORIZATION OF CERTAIN 
                        FLIGHTS BY STAGE 2 AIRCRAFT.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding chapter 475 of title 49, United 
States Code, not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this 
Act, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall 
initiate a pilot program to permit an operator of a stage 2 aircraft to 
operate that aircraft in nonrevenue service into not more than 4 medium 
hub airports or nonhub airports if--
            (1) the airport--
                    (A) is certified under part 139 of title 14, Code of 
                Federal Regulations;
                    (B) has a runway that--
                          (i) is longer than 8,000 feet and not less 
                      than 200 feet wide; and
                          (ii) is load bearing with a pavement 
                      classification number of not less than 38; and
                    (C) has a maintenance facility with a maintenance 
                certificate issued under part 145 of such title; and
            (2) the operator of the stage 2 aircraft operates not more 
        than 10 flights per month using that aircraft.

    (b) Termination.--The pilot program shall terminate on the earlier 
of--
            (1) the date that is 10 years after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act; or

[[Page 132 STAT. 3228]]

            (2) the date on which the Administrator determines that no 
        stage 2 aircraft remain in service.

    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Medium hub airport; nonhub airport.--The terms ``medium 
        hub airport'' and ``nonhub airport'' have the meanings given 
        those terms in section 40102 of title 49, United States Code.
            (2) Stage 2 aircraft.--The term ``stage 2 aircraft'' has the 
        meaning given the term ``stage 2 airplane'' in section 91.851 of 
        title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (as in effect on the day 
        before the date of the enactment of this Act).
SEC. 173. ALTERNATIVE AIRPLANE NOISE METRIC EVALUATION DEADLINE.

    Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall complete the 
ongoing evaluation of alternative metrics to the current Day Night Level 
(DNL) 65 standard.
SEC. 174. UPDATING AIRPORT NOISE EXPOSURE MAPS.

    Section 47503(b) of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read 
as follows:
    ``(b) Revised Maps.--
            ``(1) In general.--An airport operator that submits a noise 
        exposure map under subsection (a) shall submit a revised map to 
        the Secretary if, in an area surrounding an airport, a change in 
        the operation of the airport would establish a substantial new 
        noncompatible use, or would significantly reduce noise over 
        existing noncompatible uses, that is not reflected in either the 
        existing conditions map or forecast map currently on file with 
        the Federal Aviation Administration.
            ``(2) Timing.--A submission under paragraph (1) shall be 
        required only if the relevant change in the operation of the 
        airport occurs during--
                    ``(A) the forecast period of the applicable noise 
                exposure map submitted by an airport operator under 
                subsection (a); or
                    ``(B) the implementation period of the airport 
                operator's noise compatibility program.''.
SEC. 175. <<NOTE: 49 USC 47501 note.>>  ADDRESSING COMMUNITY NOISE 
                        CONCERNS.

    When proposing a new area navigation departure procedure, or 
amending an existing procedure that would direct aircraft between the 
surface and 6,000 feet above ground level over noise sensitive areas, 
the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall consider 
the feasibility of dispersal headings or other lateral track variations 
to address community noise concerns, if--
            (1) the affected airport operator, in consultation with the 
        affected community, submits a request to the Administrator for 
        such a consideration;
            (2) the airport operator's request would not, in the 
        judgment of the Administrator, conflict with the safe and 
        efficient operation of the national airspace system; and
            (3) the effect of a modified departure procedure would not 
        significantly increase noise over noise sensitive areas, as 
        determined by the Administrator.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3229]]

SEC. 176. COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT IN FAA NEXTGEN PROJECTS LOCATED IN 
                        METROPLEXES.

    (a) Community Involvement Policy.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
Administration shall complete a review of the Federal Aviation 
Administration's community involvement practices for Next Generation Air 
Transportation System (NextGen) projects located in metroplexes 
identified by the Administration. The review shall include, at a 
minimum, a determination of how and when to engage airports and 
communities in performance-based navigation proposals.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 60 days after completion of the review, 
the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress 
a report on--
            (1) how the Administration will improve community 
        involvement practices for NextGen projects located in 
        metroplexes;
            (2) how and when the Administration will engage airports and 
        communities in performance-based navigation proposals; and
            (3) lessons learned from NextGen projects and pilot programs 
        and how those lessons learned are being integrated into 
        community involvement practices for future NextGen projects 
        located in metroplexes.
SEC. 177. LEAD EMISSIONS.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Transportation shall enter into 
appropriate arrangements with the National Academies of Sciences, 
Engineering, and Medicine under which the National Research Council will 
study aviation gasoline.
    (b) Contents.--The study shall include an assessment of--
            (1) existing non-leaded fuel alternatives to the aviation 
        gasoline used by piston-powered general aviation aircraft;
            (2) ambient lead concentrations at and around airports where 
        piston-powered general aviation aircraft are used; and
            (3) mitigation measures to reduce ambient lead 
        concentrations, including increasing the size of run-up areas, 
        relocating run-up areas, imposing restrictions on aircraft using 
        aviation gasoline, and increasing the use of motor gasoline in 
        piston-powered general aviation aircraft.

    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress the study developed by the National Research 
Council pursuant to this section.
SEC. 178. TERMINAL SEQUENCING AND SPACING.

    Not later than 60 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall provide a 
briefing to the appropriate committees of Congress on the status of 
Terminal Sequencing and Spacing (TSAS) implementation across all 
completed NextGen metroplexes with specific information provided by 
airline regarding the adoption and equipping of aircraft and the 
training of pilots in its use.
SEC. 179. AIRPORT NOISE MITIGATION AND SAFETY STUDY.

    (a) Study.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall 
initiate a study to review and evaluate existing studies

[[Page 132 STAT. 3230]]

and analyses of the relationship between jet aircraft approach and 
takeoff speeds and corresponding noise impacts on communities 
surrounding airports.
    (b) Considerations.--In conducting the study initiated under 
subsection (a), the Administrator shall determine--
            (1) whether a decrease in jet aircraft approach or takeoff 
        speeds results in significant aircraft noise reductions;
            (2) whether the jet aircraft approach or takeoff speed 
        reduction necessary to achieve significant noise reductions--
                    (A) jeopardizes aviation safety; or
                    (B) decreases the efficiency of the National 
                Airspace System, including lowering airport capacity, 
                increasing travel times, or increasing fuel burn;
            (3) the advisability of using jet aircraft approach or 
        takeoff speeds as a noise mitigation technique; and
            (4) if the Administrator determines that using jet aircraft 
        approach or takeoff speeds as a noise mitigation technique is 
        advisable, whether any of the metropolitan areas specifically 
        identified in section 189(b)(2) would benefit from such a noise 
        mitigation technique without a significant impact to aviation 
        safety or the efficiency of the National Airspace System.

    (c) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees 
of Congress a report on the results of the study initiated under 
subsection (a).
SEC. 180. <<NOTE: 49 USC 106 note.>>  REGIONAL OMBUDSMEN.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, with respect to each region of the Federal Aviation 
Administration, the Regional Administrator for that region shall 
designate an individual to be the Regional Ombudsman for the region.
    (b) Requirements.--Each Regional Ombudsman shall--
            (1) serve as a regional liaison with the public, including 
        community groups, on issues regarding aircraft noise, pollution, 
        and safety;
            (2) make recommendations to the Administrator for the region 
        to address concerns raised by the public and improve the 
        consideration of public comments in decision-making processes; 
        and
            (3) be consulted on proposed changes in aircraft operations 
        affecting the region, including arrival and departure routes, in 
        order to minimize environmental impacts, including noise.
SEC. 181. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  FAA LEADERSHIP ON CIVIL 
                        SUPERSONIC AIRCRAFT.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
Administration shall exercise leadership in the creation of Federal and 
international policies, regulations, and standards relating to the 
certification and safe and efficient operation of civil supersonic 
aircraft.
    (b) Exercise of Leadership.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
Administrator shall--
            (1) consider the needs of the aerospace industry and other 
        stakeholders when creating policies, regulations, and standards 
        that enable the safe commercial deployment of civil supersonic 
        aircraft technology and the safe and efficient operation of 
        civil supersonic aircraft; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3231]]

            (2) obtain the input of aerospace industry stakeholders 
        regarding--
                    (A) the appropriate regulatory framework and 
                timeline for permitting the safe and efficient operation 
                of civil supersonic aircraft within United States 
                airspace, including updating or modifying existing 
                regulations on such operation;
                    (B) issues related to standards and regulations for 
                the type certification and safe operation of civil 
                supersonic aircraft, including noise certification, 
                including--
                          (i) the operational differences between 
                      subsonic aircraft and supersonic aircraft;
                          (ii) costs and benefits associated with 
                      landing and takeoff noise requirements for civil 
                      supersonic aircraft, including impacts on aircraft 
                      emissions;
                          (iii) public and economic benefits of the 
                      operation of civil supersonic aircraft and 
                      associated aerospace industry activity; and
                          (iv) challenges relating to ensuring that 
                      standards and regulations aimed at relieving and 
                      protecting the public health and welfare from 
                      aircraft noise and sonic booms are economically 
                      reasonable, technologically practicable, and 
                      appropriate for civil supersonic aircraft; and
                    (C) other issues identified by the Administrator or 
                the aerospace industry that must be addressed to enable 
                the safe commercial deployment and safe and efficient 
                operation of civil supersonic aircraft.

    (c) International Leadership.--The Administrator, in the appropriate 
international forums, shall take actions that--
            (1) demonstrate global leadership under subsection (a);
            (2) address the needs of the aerospace industry identified 
        under subsection (b); and
            (3) protect the public health and welfare.

    (d) Report to Congress.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report detailing--
            (1) the Administrator's actions to exercise leadership in 
        the creation of Federal and international policies, regulations, 
        and standards relating to the certification and safe and 
        efficient operation of civil supersonic aircraft;
            (2) planned, proposed, and anticipated actions to update or 
        modify existing policies and regulations related to civil 
        supersonic aircraft, including those identified as a result of 
        industry consultation and feedback; and
            (3) a timeline for any actions to be taken to update or 
        modify existing policies and regulations related to civil 
        supersonic aircraft.

    (e) Long-term Regulatory Reform.--
            (1) Noise standards.--Not later than March 31, 2020, the 
        Administrator shall issue a notice of proposed rulemaking to 
        revise part 36 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations, to 
        include supersonic aircraft in the applicability of such part. 
        The proposed rule shall include necessary definitions, noise 
        standards for landing and takeoff, and noise test requirements 
        that would apply to a civil supersonic aircraft.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3232]]

            (2) Special flight authorizations.--Not later than December 
        31, 2019, the Administrator shall issue a notice of proposed 
        rulemaking to revise appendix B of part 91 of title 14, Code of 
        Federal Regulations, to modernize the application process for a 
        person applying to operate a civil aircraft at supersonic speeds 
        for the purposes stated in that rule.

    (f) Near-Term Certification of Supersonic Civil Aircraft.--
            (1) In general.--If a person submits an application 
        requesting type certification of a civil supersonic aircraft 
        pursuant to part 21 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations, 
        before the Administrator promulgates a final rule amending part 
        36 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations, in accordance with 
        subsection (e)(1), the Administrator shall, not later than 18 
        months after having received such application, issue a notice of 
        proposed rulemaking applicable solely for the type 
        certification, inclusive of the aircraft engines, of the 
        supersonic aircraft design for which such application was made.
            (2) Contents.--A notice of proposed rulemaking described in 
        paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) address safe operation of the aircraft type, 
                including development and flight testing prior to type 
                certification;
                    (B) address manufacturing of the aircraft;
                    (C) address continuing airworthiness of the 
                aircraft;
                    (D) specify landing and takeoff noise standards for 
                that aircraft type that the Administrator considers 
                appropriate, practicable, and consistent with section 
                44715 of title 49, United States Code; and
                    (E) consider differences between subsonic and 
                supersonic aircraft including differences in thrust 
                requirements at equivalent gross weight, engine 
                requirements, aerodynamic characteristics, operational 
                characteristics, and other physical properties.
            (3) Noise and performance data.--The requirement of the 
        Administrator to issue a notice of proposed rulemaking under 
        paragraph (1) shall apply only if an application contains 
        sufficient aircraft noise and performance data as the 
        Administrator finds necessary to determine appropriate noise 
        standards and operating limitations for the aircraft type 
        consistent with section 44715 of title 49, United States Code.
            (4) Final rule.--Not later than 18 months after the end of 
        the public comment period provided in the notice of proposed 
        rulemaking required under paragraph (1), the Administrator shall 
        publish in the Federal Register a final rule applying solely to 
        the aircraft model submitted for type certification.
            (5) Review of rules of civil supersonic flights.--Beginning 
        December 31, 2020, and every 2 years thereafter, the 
        Administrator shall review available aircraft noise and 
        performance data, and consult with heads of appropriate Federal 
        agencies, to determine whether section 91.817 of title 14, Code 
        of Federal Regulations, and Appendix B of part 91 of title 14, 
        Code of Federal Regulations, may be amended, consistent with 
        section 44715 of title 49, United States Code, to permit 
        supersonic flight of civil aircraft over land in the United 
        States.
            (6) Implementation of noise standards.--The portion of the 
        regulation issued by the Administrator of the Federal

[[Page 132 STAT. 3233]]

        Aviation Administration titled ``Revision of General Operating 
        and Flight Rules'' and published in the Federal Register on 
        August 18, 1989 (54 Fed. Reg. 34284) that restricts operation of 
        civil aircraft at a true flight Mach number greater than 1 shall 
        have no force or effect beginning on the date on which the 
        Administrator publishes in the Federal Register a final rule 
        specifying sonic boom noise standards for civil supersonic 
        aircraft.
SEC. 182. MANDATORY USE OF THE NEW YORK NORTH SHORE HELICOPTER 
                        ROUTE.

    (a) Public Comment Period.--
            (1) In general.--The Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
        Administration shall provide notice of, and an opportunity for, 
        at least 60 days of public comment with respect to the 
        regulations in subpart H of part 93 of title 14, Code of Federal 
        Regulations.
            (2) Timing.--The public comment period required under 
        paragraph (1) shall begin not later than 30 days after the date 
        of enactment of this Act.

    (b) Public Hearing.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall hold a public hearing in 
the communities impacted by the regulations described in subsection 
(a)(1) to solicit feedback with respect to the regulations.
    (c) Review.--Not later than 30 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Administrator shall initiate a review of the regulations 
described in subsection (a)(1) that assesses the--
            (1) noise impacts of the regulations for communities, 
        including communities in locations where aircraft are 
        transitioning to or from a destination or point of landing;
            (2) enforcement of applicable flight standards, including 
        requirements for helicopters operating on the relevant route to 
        remain at or above 2,500 feet mean sea level; and
            (3) availability of alternative or supplemental routes to 
        reduce the noise impacts of the regulations, including the 
        institution of an all water route over the Atlantic Ocean.
SEC. 183. STATE STANDARDS FOR AIRPORT PAVEMENTS.

    Section 47105(c) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1) In general.--'' before ``The 
        Secretary'' the first place it appears; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Pavement standards.--
                    ``(A) Technical assistance.--At the request of a 
                State, the Secretary shall, not later than 30 days after 
                the date of the request, provide technical assistance to 
                the State in developing standards, acceptable to the 
                Secretary under subparagraph (B), for pavement on 
                nonprimary public-use airports in the State.
                    ``(B) Requirements.--The Secretary shall--
                          ``(i) continue to provide technical assistance 
                      under subparagraph (A) until the standards are 
                      approved under paragraph (1); and
                          ``(ii) clearly indicate to the State the 
                      standards that are acceptable to the Secretary, 
                      considering, at a minimum, local conditions and 
                      locally available materials.''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3234]]

SEC. 184. ELIGIBILITY OF PILOT PROGRAM AIRPORTS.

    (a) Discretionary Fund.--Section 47115 of title 49, United States 
Code, is further amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(k) Partnership Program Airports.--
            ``(1) Authority.--The Secretary may make grants with funds 
        made available under this section for an airport participating 
        in the program under section 47134 if--
                    ``(A) the Secretary has approved the application of 
                an airport sponsor under section 47134(b) in fiscal year 
                2019; and
                    ``(B) the grant will--
                          ``(i) satisfy an obligation incurred by an 
                      airport sponsor under section 47110(e) or funded 
                      by a nonpublic sponsor for an airport development 
                      project on the airport; or
                          ``(ii) provide partial Federal reimbursement 
                      for airport development (as defined in section 
                      47102) on the airport layout plan initiated in the 
                      fiscal year in which the application was approved, 
                      or later, for over a period of not more than 10 
                      years.
            ``(2) Nonapplicability of certain sections.--Grants made 
        under this subsection shall not be subject to--
                    ``(A) subsection (c) of this section;
                    ``(B) section 47117(e); or
                    ``(C) any other apportionment formula, special 
                apportionment category, or minimum percentage set forth 
                in this chapter.''.

    (b) Allowable Project Costs; Letters of Intent.--Section 47110(e) of 
such title is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(7) Partnership Program Airports.--The Secretary may issue a 
letter of intent under this section to an airport sponsor with an 
approved application under section 47134(b) if--
            ``(A) the application was approved in fiscal year 2019; and
            ``(B) the project meets all other requirements set forth in 
        this chapter.''.
SEC. 185. GRANDFATHERING OF CERTAIN DEED AGREEMENTS GRANTING 
                        THROUGH-THE-FENCE ACCESS TO GENERAL 
                        AVIATION AIRPORTS.

    Section 47107(s) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Exemption.--The terms and conditions of paragraph (2) 
        shall not apply to an agreement described in paragraph (1) made 
        before the enactment of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 
        2012 (Public Law 112-95) that the Secretary determines does not 
        comply with such terms and conditions but involves property that 
        is subject to deed or lease restrictions that are considered 
        perpetual and that cannot readily be brought into compliance. 
        However, if the Secretary determines that the airport sponsor 
        and residential property owners are able to make any 
        modification to such an agreement on or after the date of 
        enactment of this paragraph, the exemption provided by this 
        paragraph shall no longer apply.''.
SEC. 186. STAGE 3 AIRCRAFT STUDY.

    (a) Study.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall

[[Page 132 STAT. 3235]]

initiate a review of the potential benefits, costs, and other impacts 
that would result from a phaseout of covered stage 3 aircraft.
    (b) Contents.--The review shall include--
            (1) a determination of the number, types, frequency of 
        operations, and owners and operators of covered stage 3 
        aircraft;
            (2) an analysis of the potential benefits, costs, and other 
        impacts to air carriers, general aviation operators, airports, 
        communities surrounding airports, and the general public 
        associated with phasing out or reducing the operations of 
        covered stage 3 aircraft, assuming such a phaseout or reduction 
        is put into effect over a reasonable period of time;
            (3) a determination of lessons learned from the phaseout of 
        stage 2 aircraft that might be applicable to a phaseout or 
        reduction in the operations of covered stage 3 aircraft, 
        including comparisons between the benefits, costs, and other 
        impacts associated with the phaseout of stage 2 aircraft and the 
        potential benefits, costs, and other impacts determined under 
        paragraph (2);
            (4) a determination of the costs and logistical challenges 
        associated with recertifying stage 3 aircraft capable of meeting 
        stage 4 noise levels; and
            (5) a determination of stakeholder views on the feasibility 
        and desirability of phasing out covered stage 3 aircraft, 
        including the views of--
                    (A) air carriers;
                    (B) airports;
                    (C) communities surrounding airports;
                    (D) aircraft and avionics manufacturers;
                    (E) operators of covered stage 3 aircraft other than 
                air carriers; and
                    (F) such other stakeholders and aviation experts as 
                the Comptroller General considers appropriate.

    (c) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report on the results of the review.
    (d) Covered Stage 3 Aircraft Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered stage 3 aircraft'' means a civil subsonic jet aircraft that is 
not capable of meeting the stage 4 noise levels in part 36 of title 14, 
Code of Federal Regulations.
SEC. 187. AIRCRAFT NOISE EXPOSURE.

    (a) Review.--The Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
Administration shall conclude the Administrator's ongoing review of the 
relationship between aircraft noise exposure and its effects on 
communities around airports.
    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to 
        Congress a report containing the results of the review.
            (2) Preliminary recommendations.--The report shall contain 
        such preliminary recommendations as the Administrator determines 
        appropriate for revising the land use compatibility guidelines 
        in part 150 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations, based on 
        the results of the review and in coordination with other 
        agencies.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3236]]

SEC. 188. STUDY REGARDING DAY-NIGHT AVERAGE SOUND LEVELS.

    (a) Study.--The Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration 
shall evaluate alternative metrics to the current average day-night 
level standard, such as the use of actual noise sampling and other 
methods, to address community airplane noise concerns.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees 
of Congress a report on the results of the study under subsection (a).
SEC. 189. STUDY ON POTENTIAL HEALTH AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF 
                        OVERFLIGHT NOISE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration 
shall enter into an agreement with an eligible institution of higher 
education to conduct a study on the health impacts of noise from 
aircraft flights on residents exposed to a range of noise levels from 
such flights.
    (b) Scope of Study.--The study conducted under subsection (a) 
shall--
            (1) include an examination of the incremental health impacts 
        attributable to noise exposure that result from aircraft 
        flights, including sleep disturbance and elevated blood 
        pressure;
            (2) be focused on residents in the metropolitan area of--
                    (A) Boston;
                    (B) Chicago;
                    (C) the District of Columbia;
                    (D) New York;
                    (E) the Northern California Metroplex;
                    (F) Phoenix;
                    (G) the Southern California Metroplex;
                    (H) Seattle; or
                    (I) such other area as may be identified by the 
                Administrator;
            (3) consider, in particular, the incremental health impacts 
        on residents living partly or wholly underneath flight paths 
        most frequently used by aircraft flying at an altitude lower 
        than 10,000 feet, including during takeoff or landing;
            (4) include an assessment of the relationship between a 
        perceived increase in aircraft noise, including as a result of a 
        change in flight paths that increases the visibility of aircraft 
        from a certain location, and an actual increase in aircraft 
        noise, particularly in areas with high or variable levels of 
        nonaircraft-related ambient noise; and
            (5) consider the economic harm or benefits to businesses 
        located party or wholly underneath flight paths most frequently 
        used by aircraft flying at an altitude lower than 10,000 feet, 
        including during takeoff or landing.

    (c) Eligibility.--An institution of higher education is eligible to 
conduct the study if the institution--
            (1) has--
                    (A) a school of public health that has participated 
                in the Center of Excellence for Aircraft Noise and 
                Aviation Emissions Mitigation of the Federal Aviation 
                Administration; or

[[Page 132 STAT. 3237]]

                    (B) a center for environmental health that receives 
                funding from the National Institute of Environmental 
                Health Sciences;
            (2) is located in one of the areas identified in subsection 
        (b);
            (3) applies to the Administrator in a timely fashion;
            (4) demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Administrator 
        that the institution is qualified to conduct the study;
            (5) agrees to submit to the Administrator, not later than 3 
        years after entering into an agreement under subsection (a), the 
        results of the study, including any source materials used; and
            (6) meets such other requirements as the Administrator 
        determines necessary.

    (d) Submission of Study.--Not later than 90 days after the 
Administrator receives the results of the study, the Administrator shall 
submit to the appropriate committees of Congress the study and a summary 
of the results.
SEC. 190. <<NOTE: 49 USC 47104 note.>>  ENVIRONMENTAL MITIGATION 
                        PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Transportation may carry out a 
pilot program involving not more than 6 projects at public-use airports 
in accordance with this section.
    (b) Grants.--In carrying out the program, the Secretary may make 
grants to sponsors of public-use airports from funds apportioned under 
section 47117(e)(1)(A) of title 49, United States Code.
    (c) Use of Funds.--Amounts from a grant received by the sponsor of a 
public-use airport under the program shall be used for environmental 
mitigation projects that will measurably reduce or mitigate aviation 
impacts on noise, air quality, or water quality at the airport or within 
5 miles of the airport.
    (d) Eligibility.--Notwithstanding any other provision of chapter 471 
of title 49, United States Code, an environmental mitigation project 
approved under this section shall be treated as eligible for assistance 
under that chapter.
    (e) Selection Criteria.--In selecting from among applicants for 
participation in the program, the Secretary may give priority 
consideration to projects that--
            (1) will achieve the greatest reductions in aircraft noise, 
        airport emissions, or airport water quality impacts either on an 
        absolute basis or on a per dollar of funds expended basis; and
            (2) will be implemented by an eligible consortium.

    (f) Federal Share.--The Federal share of the cost of a project 
carried out under the program shall be 50 percent.
    (g) Maximum Amount.--Not more than $2,500,000 may be made available 
by the Secretary in grants under the program for any single project.
    (h) Identifying Best Practices.--The Secretary may establish and 
publish information identifying best practices for reducing or 
mitigating aviation impacts on noise, air quality, and water quality at 
airports or in the vicinity of airports based on the projects carried 
out under the program.
    (i) Sunset.--The program shall terminate 5 years after the Secretary 
makes the first grant under the program.
    (j) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:

[[Page 132 STAT. 3238]]

            (1) Eligible consortium.--The term ``eligible consortium'' 
        means a consortium that is composed of 2 or more of the 
        following entities:
                    (A) Businesses incorporated in the United States.
                    (B) Public or private educational or research 
                organizations located in the United States.
                    (C) Entities of State or local governments in the 
                United States.
                    (D) Federal laboratories.
            (2) Environmental mitigation project.--The term 
        ``environmental mitigation project'' means a project that--
                    (A) introduces new environmental mitigation 
                techniques or technologies that have been proven in 
                laboratory demonstrations;
                    (B) proposes methods for efficient adaptation or 
                integration of new concepts into airport operations; and
                    (C) will demonstrate whether new techniques or 
                technologies for environmental mitigation are--
                          (i) practical to implement at or near multiple 
                      public-use airports; and
                          (ii) capable of reducing noise, airport 
                      emissions, or water quality impacts in measurably 
                      significant amounts.

    (k) Authorization for the Transfer of Funds From Department of 
Defense.--
            (1) In general.--The Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
        Administration may accept funds from the Secretary of Defense to 
        increase the authorized funding for this section by the amount 
        of such transfer only to carry out projects designed for 
        environmental mitigation at a site previously, but not 
        currently, managed by the Department of Defense.
            (2) Additional grantees.--If additional funds are made 
        available by the Secretary of Defense under paragraph (1), the 
        Administrator may increase the number of grantees under 
        subsection (a).
SEC. 191. EXTENDING AVIATION DEVELOPMENT STREAMLINING.

    (a) In General.--Section 47171 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by inserting ``general aviation airport construction or 
        improvement projects,'' after ``congested airports,'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); 
                and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
            ``(2) General aviation airport construction or improvement 
        project.--A general aviation airport construction or improvement 
        project shall be subject to the coordinated and expedited 
        environmental review process requirements set forth in this 
        section.'';
            (3) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``subsection (b)(2)'' 
        and inserting ``subsection (b)(3)'';
            (4) in subsection (d), by striking ``subsection (b)(2)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (b)(3)'';
            (5) in subsection (h), by striking ``subsection (b)(2)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (b)(3)''; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3239]]

            (6) in subsection (k), by striking ``subsection (b)(2)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (b)(3)''.

    (b) Definitions.--Section 47175 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(8) General aviation airport construction or improvement 
        project.--The term `general aviation airport construction or 
        improvement project' means--
                    ``(A) a project for the construction or extension of 
                a runway, including any land acquisition, helipad, 
                taxiway, safety area, apron, or navigational aids 
                associated with the runway or runway extension, at a 
                general aviation airport, a reliever airport, or a 
                commercial service airport that is not a primary airport 
                (as such terms are defined in section 47102); and
                    ``(B) any other airport development project that the 
                Secretary designates as facilitating aviation capacity 
                building projects at a general aviation airport.''.
SEC. 192. ZERO-EMISSION VEHICLES AND TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) In General.--Section 47136 of title 49, United States Code, as 
so redesignated, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsections (a) and (b) and inserting the 
        following:

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Transportation may establish a 
pilot program under which the sponsors of public-use airports may use 
funds made available under this chapter or section 48103 for use at such 
airports to carry out--
            ``(1) activities associated with the acquisition, by 
        purchase or lease, and operation of eligible zero-emission 
        vehicles and equipment, including removable power sources for 
        such vehicles; and
            ``(2) the construction or modification of infrastructure to 
        facilitate the delivery of fuel, power or services necessary for 
        the use of such vehicles.

    ``(b) Eligibility.--A public-use airport is eligible for 
participation in the program if the eligible vehicles or equipment are--
            ``(1) used exclusively on airport property; or
            ``(2) used exclusively to transport passengers and employees 
        between the airport and--
                    ``(A) nearby facilities which are owned or 
                controlled by the airport or which otherwise directly 
                support the functions or services provided by the 
                airport; or
                    ``(B) an intermodal surface transportation facility 
                adjacent to the airport.'';
            (2) by striking subsections (d) through (f) and inserting 
        the following:

    ``(d) Federal Share.--The Federal share of the cost of a project 
carried out under the program shall be the Federal share specified in 
section 47109.
    ``(e) Technical Assistance.--
            ``(1) In general.--The sponsor of a public-use airport may 
        use not more than 10 percent of the amounts made available to 
        the sponsor under the program in any fiscal year for--
                    ``(A) technical assistance; and
                    ``(B) project management support to assist the 
                airport with the solicitation, acquisition, and 
                deployment of zero-

[[Page 132 STAT. 3240]]

                emission vehicles, related equipment, and supporting 
                infrastructure.
            ``(2) Providers of technical assistance.--To receive the 
        technical assistance or project management support described in 
        paragraph (1), participants in the program may use--
                    ``(A) a nonprofit organization selected by the 
                Secretary; or
                    ``(B) a university transportation center receiving 
                grants under section 5505 in the region of the airport.

    ``(f) Materials Identifying Best Practices.--The Secretary may 
create and make available materials identifying best practices for 
carrying out activities funded under the program based on previous 
related projects and other sources.
    ``(g) Allowable Project Cost.--The allowable project cost for the 
acquisition of a zero-emission vehicle shall be the total cost of 
purchasing or leasing the vehicle, including the cost of technical 
assistance or project management support described in subsection (e).
    ``(h) Flexible Procurement.--A sponsor of a public-use airport may 
use funds made available under the program to acquire, by purchase or 
lease, a zero-emission vehicle and a removable power source in separate 
transactions, including transactions by which the airport purchases the 
vehicle and leases the removable power source.
    ``(i) Testing Required.--
            ``(1) In general.--A sponsor of a public-use airport may not 
        use funds made available under the program to acquire a zero-
        emission vehicle unless that make, model, or type of vehicle has 
        been tested by a Federal vehicle testing facility acceptable to 
        the Secretary.
            ``(2) Penalties for false statements.--A certification of 
        compliance under paragraph (1) shall be considered a 
        certification required under this subchapter for purposes of 
        section 47126.

    ``(j) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions 
apply:
            ``(1) Eligible zero-emission vehicle and equipment.--The 
        term `eligible zero-emission vehicle and equipment' means a 
        zero-emission vehicle, equipment related to such a vehicle, or 
        ground support equipment that includes zero-emission technology 
        that is--
                    ``(A) used exclusively on airport property; or
                    ``(B) used exclusively to transport passengers and 
                employees between the airport and--
                          ``(i) nearby facilities which are owned or 
                      controlled by the airport or which otherwise 
                      directly support the functions or services 
                      provided by the airport; or
                          ``(ii) an intermodal surface transportation 
                      facility adjacent to the airport.
            ``(2) Removable power source.--The term `removable power 
        source' means a power source that is separately installed in, 
        and removable from, a zero-emission vehicle and may include a 
        battery, a fuel cell, an ultra-capacitor, or other power source 
        used in a zero-emission vehicle.
            ``(3) Zero-emission vehicle.--The term `zero-emission 
        vehicle' means--

[[Page 132 STAT. 3241]]

                    ``(A) a zero-emission vehicle as defined in section 
                88.102-94 of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations; or
                    ``(B) a vehicle that produces zero exhaust emissions 
                of any criteria pollutant (or precursor pollutant) under 
                any possible operational modes and conditions.''.

    (b) Special Apportionment Categories.--Section 47117(e)(1)(A) of 
title 49, United States Code, is amended by inserting ``for airport 
development described in section 47102(3)(Q),'' after ``under section 
47141,''.
    (c) <<NOTE: 49 USC 47136 note.>>  Deployment of Zero Emission 
Vehicle Technology.--
            (1) Establishment.--The Secretary of Transportation may 
        establish a zero-emission airport technology program--
                    (A) to facilitate the deployment of commercially 
                viable zero-emission airport vehicles, technology, and 
                related infrastructure; and
                    (B) to minimize the risk of deploying such vehicles, 
                technology, and infrastructure.
            (2) General authority.--
                    (A) Assistance to nonprofit organizations.--The 
                Secretary may provide assistance under the program to 
                not more than 3 geographically diverse, eligible 
                organizations to conduct zero-emission airport 
                technology and infrastructure projects.
                    (B) Forms of assistance.--The Secretary may provide 
                assistance under the program in the form of grants, 
                contracts, and cooperative agreements.
            (3) Selection of participants.--
                    (A) National solicitation.--In selecting 
                participants, the Secretary shall--
                          (i) conduct a national solicitation for 
                      applications for assistance under the program; and
                          (ii) select the recipients of assistance under 
                      the program on a competitive basis.
                    (B) Considerations.--In selecting from among 
                applicants for assistance under the program, the 
                Secretary shall consider--
                          (i) the ability of an applicant to contribute 
                      significantly to deploying zero-emission 
                      technology as the technology relates to airport 
                      operations;
                          (ii) the financing plan and cost-share 
                      potential of the applicant; and
                          (iii) other factors, as the Secretary 
                      determines appropriate.
                    (C) Priority.--ln selecting from among applicants 
                for assistance under the program, the Secretary shall 
                give priority consideration to an applicant that has 
                successfully managed advanced transportation technology 
                projects, including projects related to zero-emission 
                transportation operations.
            (4) Eligible projects.--A recipient of assistance under the 
        program shall use the assistance--
                    (A) to review and conduct demonstrations of zero-
                emission technologies and related infrastructure at 
                airports;
                    (B) to evaluate the credibility of new, unproven 
                vehicle and energy-efficient technologies in various 
                aspects of airport operations prior to widespread 
                investment in the technologies by airports and the 
                aviation industry;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3242]]

                    (C) to collect data and make the recipient's 
                findings available to airports, so that airports can 
                evaluate the applicability of new technologies to their 
                facilities; and
                    (D) to report the recipient's findings to the 
                Secretary.
            (5) Administrative provisions.--
                    (A) Federal share.--The Federal share of the cost of 
                a project carried out under the program may not exceed 
                80 percent.
                    (B) Terms and conditions.--A grant, contract, or 
                cooperative agreement under this section shall be 
                subject to such terms and conditions as the Secretary 
                determines appropriate.
            (6) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
        definitions apply:
                    (A) Eligible organization.--The term ``eligible 
                organization'' means an organization that has expertise 
                in zero-emission technology.
                    (B) Organization.--The term ``organization'' means--
                          (i) described in section 501(c)(3) of the 
                      Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from tax 
                      under section 501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code 
                      of 1986;
                          (ii) a university transportation center 
                      receiving grants under section 5505 of title 49, 
                      United States Code; or
                          (iii) any other Federal or non-Federal entity 
                      as the Secretary considers appropriate.

                TITLE II--FAA SAFETY CERTIFICATION REFORM

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

SEC. 201. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 note.>>  DEFINITIONS.

    In this title, the following definitions apply:
            (1) Administrator.--The term ``Administrator'' means the 
        Administrator of the FAA.
            (2) Advisory committee.--The term ``Advisory Committee'' 
        means the Safety Oversight and Certification Advisory Committee 
        established under section 202.
            (3) FAA.--The term ``FAA'' means the Federal Aviation 
        Administration.
            (4) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Transportation.
            (5) Systems safety approach.--The term ``systems safety 
        approach'' means the application of specialized technical and 
        managerial skills to the systematic, forward-looking 
        identification and control of hazards throughout the lifecycle 
        of a project, program, or activity.
SEC. 202. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 note.>>  SAFETY OVERSIGHT AND 
                        CERTIFICATION ADVISORY COMMITTEE.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish a Safety Oversight 
and Certification Advisory Committee.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3243]]

    (b) Duties.--The Advisory Committee shall provide advice to the 
Secretary on policy-level issues facing the aviation community that are 
related to FAA safety oversight and certification programs and 
activities, including, at a minimum, the following:
            (1) Aircraft and flight standards certification processes, 
        including efforts to streamline those processes.
            (2) Implementation and oversight of safety management 
        systems.
            (3) Risk-based oversight efforts.
            (4) Utilization of delegation and designation authorities, 
        including organization designation authorization.
            (5) Regulatory interpretation standardization efforts.
            (6) Training programs.
            (7) Expediting the rulemaking process and giving priority to 
        rules related to safety.
            (8) Enhancing global competitiveness of United States 
        manufactured and United States certificated aerospace and 
        aviation products and services throughout the world.

    (c) Functions.--In carrying out its duties under subsection (b), the 
Advisory Committee shall:
            (1) Foster industry collaboration in an open and transparent 
        manner.
            (2) Consult with, and ensure participation by--
                    (A) the private sector, including representatives 
                of--
                          (i) general aviation;
                          (ii) commercial aviation;
                          (iii) aviation labor;
                          (iv) aviation maintenance, repair, and 
                      overhaul;
                          (v) aviation, aerospace, and avionics 
                      manufacturing;
                          (vi) unmanned aircraft systems operators and 
                      manufacturers; and
                          (vii) the commercial space transportation 
                      industry;
                    (B) members of the public; and
                    (C) other interested parties.
            (3) Recommend consensus national goals, strategic 
        objectives, and priorities for the most efficient, streamlined, 
        and cost-effective certification and safety oversight processes 
        in order to maintain the safety of the aviation system and, at 
        the same time, allow the FAA to meet future needs and ensure 
        that aviation stakeholders remain competitive in the global 
        marketplace.
            (4) Provide policy guidance recommendations for the FAA's 
        certification and safety oversight efforts.
            (5) On a regular basis, review and provide recommendations 
        on the FAA's certification and safety oversight efforts.
            (6) Periodically review and evaluate registration, 
        certification, and related fees.
            (7) Provide appropriate legislative, regulatory, and 
        guidance recommendations for the air transportation system and 
        the aviation safety regulatory environment.
            (8) Recommend performance objectives for the FAA and 
        industry.
            (9) Recommend performance metrics and goals to track and 
        review the FAA and the regulated aviation industry on

[[Page 132 STAT. 3244]]

        their progress towards streamlining certification reform, 
        conducting flight standards reform, and carrying out regulation 
        consistency efforts.
            (10) Provide a venue for tracking progress toward national 
        goals and sustaining joint commitments.
            (11) Recommend recruiting, hiring, training, and continuing 
        education objectives for FAA aviation safety engineers and 
        aviation safety inspectors.
            (12) Provide advice and recommendations to the FAA on how to 
        prioritize safety rulemaking projects.
            (13) Improve the development of FAA regulations by providing 
        information, advice, and recommendations related to aviation 
        issues.
            (14) Facilitate the validation and acceptance of United 
        States manufactured and United States certificated products and 
        services throughout the world.

    (d) Membership.--
            (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall be composed of 
        the following members:
                    (A) The Administrator (or the Administrator's 
                designee).
                    (B) At least 11 individuals, appointed by the 
                Secretary, each of whom represents at least 1 of the 
                following interests:
                          (i) Transport aircraft and engine 
                      manufacturers.
                          (ii) General aviation aircraft and engine 
                      manufacturers.
                          (iii) Avionics and equipment manufacturers.
                          (iv) Aviation labor organizations, including 
                      collective bargaining representatives of FAA 
                      aviation safety inspectors and aviation safety 
                      engineers.
                          (v) General aviation operators.
                          (vi) Air carriers.
                          (vii) Business aviation operators.
                          (viii) Unmanned aircraft systems manufacturers 
                      and operators.
                          (ix) Aviation safety management experts.
                          (x) Aviation maintenance, repair, and 
                      overhaul.
                          (xi) Airport owners and operators.
            (2) Nonvoting members.--
                    (A) In general.--In addition to the members 
                appointed under paragraph (1), the Advisory Committee 
                shall be composed of nonvoting members appointed by the 
                Secretary from among individuals representing FAA safety 
                oversight program offices.
                    (B) Duties.--The nonvoting members may--
                          (i) take part in deliberations of the Advisory 
                      Committee; and
                          (ii) provide input with respect to any final 
                      reports or recommendations of the Advisory 
                      Committee.
                    (C) Limitation.--The nonvoting members may not 
                represent any stakeholder interest other than that of an 
                FAA safety oversight program office.
            (3) Terms.--Each voting member and nonvoting member of the 
        Advisory Committee appointed by the Secretary shall be appointed 
        for a term of 2 years.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3245]]

            (4) Committee characteristics.--The Advisory Committee shall 
        have the following characteristics:
                    (A) Each voting member under paragraph (1)(B) shall 
                be an executive officer of the organization who has 
                decisionmaking authority within the member's 
                organization and can represent and enter into 
                commitments on behalf of such organization.
                    (B) The ability to obtain necessary information from 
                experts in the aviation and aerospace communities.
                    (C) A membership size that enables the Advisory 
                Committee to have substantive discussions and reach 
                consensus on issues in a timely manner.
                    (D) Appropriate expertise, including expertise in 
                certification and risked-based safety oversight 
                processes, operations, policy, technology, labor 
                relations, training, and finance.
            (5) Limitation on statutory construction.--Public Law 104-65 
        (2 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) may not be construed to prohibit or 
        otherwise limit the appointment of any individual as a member of 
        the Advisory Committee.

    (e) Chairperson.--
            (1) In general.--The Chairperson of the Advisory Committee 
        shall be appointed by the Secretary from among those members of 
        the Advisory Committee that are voting members under subsection 
        (d)(1)(B).
            (2) Term.--Each member appointed under paragraph (1) shall 
        serve a term of 2 years as Chairperson.

    (f) Meetings.--
            (1) Frequency.--The Advisory Committee shall meet at least 
        twice each year at the call of the Chairperson.
            (2) Public attendance.--The meetings of the Advisory 
        Committee shall be open and accessible to the public.

    (g) Special Committees.--
            (1) Establishment.--The Advisory Committee may establish 
        special committees composed of private sector representatives, 
        members of the public, labor representatives, and other relevant 
        parties in complying with consultation and participation 
        requirements under this section.
            (2) Rulemaking advice.--A special committee established by 
        the Advisory Committee may--
                    (A) provide rulemaking advice and recommendations to 
                the Advisory Committee with respect to aviation-related 
                issues;
                    (B) provide the FAA additional opportunities to 
                obtain firsthand information and insight from those 
                parties that are most affected by existing and proposed 
                regulations; and
                    (C) assist in expediting the development, revision, 
                or elimination of rules without circumventing public 
                rulemaking processes and procedures.
            (3) Applicable law.--Public Law 92-463 shall not apply to a 
        special committee established by the Advisory Committee.

    (h) Sunset.--The Advisory Committee shall terminate on the last day 
of the 6-year period beginning on the date of the initial appointment of 
the members of the Advisory Committee.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3246]]

    (i) Termination of Air Traffic Procedures Advisory Committee.--The 
Air Traffic Procedures Advisory Committee established by the FAA shall 
terminate on the date of the initial appointment of the members of the 
Advisory Committee.

                Subtitle B--Aircraft Certification Reform

SEC. 211. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 note.>>  AIRCRAFT CERTIFICATION 
                        PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES AND METRICS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date on which the 
Advisory Committee is established under section 202, the Administrator 
shall establish performance objectives and apply and track performance 
metrics for the FAA and the aviation industry relating to aircraft 
certification in accordance with this section.
    (b) Collaboration.--The Administrator shall carry out this section 
in collaboration with the Advisory Committee and update agency 
performance objectives and metrics after considering the recommendations 
of the Advisory Committee under paragraphs (8) and (9) of section 
202(c).
    (c) Performance Objectives.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
Administrator shall establish performance objectives for the FAA and the 
aviation industry to ensure that, with respect to aircraft 
certification, progress is made toward, at a minimum--
            (1) eliminating certification delays and improving cycle 
        times;
            (2) increasing accountability for both the FAA and the 
        aviation industry;
            (3) achieving full utilization of FAA delegation and 
        designation authorities, including organizational designation 
        authorization;
            (4) fully implementing risk management principles and a 
        systems safety approach;
            (5) reducing duplication of effort;
            (6) increasing transparency;
            (7) developing and providing training, including recurrent 
        training, in auditing and a systems safety approach to 
        certification oversight;
            (8) improving the process for approving or accepting 
        certification actions between the FAA and bilateral partners;
            (9) maintaining and improving safety;
            (10) streamlining the hiring process for--
                    (A) qualified systems safety engineers to support 
                the FAA's efforts to implement a systems safety 
                approach; and
                    (B) qualified systems engineers to guide the 
                engineering of complex systems within the FAA; and
            (11) maintaining the leadership of the United States in 
        international aviation and aerospace.

    (d) Performance Metrics.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
Administrator shall apply and track performance metrics for the FAA and 
the regulated aviation industry established by the Advisory Committee.
    (e) Data Generation.--
            (1) Baselines.--Not later than 1 year after the date on 
        which the Advisory Committee recommends initial performance

[[Page 132 STAT. 3247]]

        metrics for the FAA and the regulated aviation industry under 
        section 202, the Administrator shall generate initial data with 
        respect to each of the performance metrics applied and tracked 
        under this section.
            (2) Benchmarks to measure progress toward goals.--The 
        Administrator shall use the metrics applied and tracked under 
        this section to generate data on an ongoing basis and to measure 
        progress toward the achievement of national goals recommended by 
        the Advisory Committee.

    (f) Publication.--The Administrator shall make data generated using 
the performance metrics applied and tracked under this section available 
to the public in a searchable, sortable, and downloadable format through 
the internet website of the FAA or other appropriate methods and shall 
ensure that the data are made available in a manner that--
            (1) does not provide identifying information regarding an 
        individual or entity; and
            (2) prevents inappropriate disclosure of proprietary 
        information.
SEC. 212. ORGANIZATION DESIGNATION AUTHORIZATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 447 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 44736. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44736.>>  Organization designation 
                    authorizations

    ``(a) Delegations of Functions.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), when 
        overseeing an ODA holder, the Administrator of the FAA shall--
                    ``(A) require, based on an application submitted by 
                the ODA holder and approved by the Administrator (or the 
                Administrator's designee), a procedures manual that 
                addresses all procedures and limitations regarding the 
                functions to be performed by the ODA holder;
                    ``(B) delegate fully to the ODA holder each of the 
                functions to be performed as specified in the procedures 
                manual, unless the Administrator determines, after the 
                date of the delegation and as a result of an inspection 
                or other investigation, that the public interest and 
                safety of air commerce requires a limitation with 
                respect to 1 or more of the functions;
                    ``(C) conduct regular oversight activities by 
                inspecting the ODA holder's delegated functions and 
                taking action based on validated inspection findings; 
                and
                    ``(D) for each function that is limited under 
                subparagraph (B), work with the ODA holder to develop 
                the ODA holder's capability to execute that function 
                safely and effectively and return to full authority 
                status.
            ``(2) Duties of oda holders.--An ODA holder shall--
                    ``(A) perform each specified function delegated to 
                the ODA holder in accordance with the approved 
                procedures manual for the delegation;
                    ``(B) make the procedures manual available to each 
                member of the appropriate ODA unit; and
                    ``(C) cooperate fully with oversight activities 
                conducted by the Administrator in connection with the 
                delegation.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3248]]

            ``(3) Existing oda holders.--With regard to an ODA holder 
        operating under a procedures manual approved by the 
        Administrator before the date of enactment of the FAA 
        Reauthorization Act of 2018, the Administrator shall--
                    ``(A) at the request of the ODA holder and in an 
                expeditious manner, approve revisions to the ODA 
                holder's procedures manual;
                    ``(B) delegate fully to the ODA holder each of the 
                functions to be performed as specified in the procedures 
                manual, unless the Administrator determines, after the 
                date of the delegation and as a result of an inspection 
                or other investigation, that the public interest and 
                safety of air commerce requires a limitation with 
                respect to one or more of the functions;
                    ``(C) conduct regular oversight activities by 
                inspecting the ODA holder's delegated functions and 
                taking action based on validated inspection findings; 
                and
                    ``(D) for each function that is limited under 
                subparagraph (B), work with the ODA holder to develop 
                the ODA holder's capability to execute that function 
                safely and effectively and return to full authority 
                status.

    ``(b) ODA Office.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--Not later than 120 days after the date 
        of enactment of this section, the Administrator of the FAA shall 
        identify, within the FAA Office of Aviation Safety, a 
        centralized policy office to be known as the Organization 
        Designation Authorization Office or the ODA Office.
            ``(2) Purpose.--The purpose of the ODA Office shall be to 
        provide oversight and ensure the consistency of the FAA's audit 
        functions under the ODA program across the FAA.
            ``(3) Functions.--The ODA Office shall--
                    ``(A)(i) at the request of an ODA holder, eliminate 
                all limitations specified in a procedures manual in 
                place on the day before the date of enactment of the FAA 
                Reauthorization Act of 2018 that are low and medium risk 
                as determined by a risk analysis using criteria 
                established by the ODA Office and disclosed to the ODA 
                holder, except where an ODA holder's performance 
                warrants the retention of a specific limitation due to 
                documented concerns about inadequate current performance 
                in carrying out that authorized function;
                    ``(ii) require an ODA holder to establish a 
                corrective action plan to regain authority for any 
                retained limitations;
                    ``(iii) require an ODA holder to notify the ODA 
                Office when all corrective actions have been 
                accomplished; and
                    ``(iv) make a reassessment to determine if 
                subsequent performance in carrying out any retained 
                limitation warrants continued retention and, if such 
                reassessment determines performance meets objectives, 
                lift such limitation immediately;
                    ``(B) improve FAA and ODA holder performance and 
                ensure full utilization of the authorities delegated 
                under the ODA program;
                    ``(C) develop a more consistent approach to audit 
                priorities, procedures, and training under the ODA 
                program;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3249]]

                    ``(D) review, in a timely fashion, a random sample 
                of limitations on delegated authorities under the ODA 
                program to determine if the limitations are appropriate;
                    ``(E) ensure national consistency in the 
                interpretation and application of the requirements of 
                the ODA program, including any limitations, and in the 
                performance of the ODA program; and
                    ``(F) at the request of an ODA holder, review and 
                approve new limitations to ODA functions.

    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions 
apply:
            ``(1) FAA.--The term `FAA' means the Federal Aviation 
        Administration.
            ``(2) ODA holder.--The term `ODA holder' means an entity 
        authorized to perform functions pursuant to a delegation made by 
        the Administrator of the FAA under section 44702(d).
            ``(3) ODA unit.--The term ``ODA unit'' means a group of 2 or 
        more individuals who perform, under the supervision of an ODA 
        holder, authorized functions under an ODA.
            ``(4) Organization.--The term ``organization'' means a firm, 
        partnership, corporation, company, association, joint-stock 
        association, or governmental entity.
            ``(5) Organization designation authorization; oda.--The term 
        `Organization Designation Authorization' or `ODA' means an 
        authorization by the FAA under section 44702(d) for an 
        organization composed of 1 or more ODA units to perform approved 
        functions on behalf of the FAA.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 447 of title 49, 
United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 prec.>>  is amended by adding 
at the end the following:

``44736. Organization designation authorizations.''.

SEC. 213. ODA REVIEW.

    (a) Establishment of Expert Review Panel.--
            (1) Expert panel.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall convene a 
        multidisciplinary expert review panel (in this section referred 
        to as the ``Panel'').
            (2) Composition of panel.--
                    (A) Appointment of members.--The Panel shall be 
                composed of not more than 20 members appointed by the 
                Administrator.
                    (B) Qualifications.--The members appointed to the 
                Panel shall--
                          (i) each have a minimum of 5 years of 
                      experience in processes and procedures under the 
                      ODA program; and
                          (ii) represent, at a minimum, ODA holders, 
                      aviation manufacturers, safety experts, and FAA 
                      labor organizations, including labor 
                      representatives of FAA aviation safety inspectors 
                      and aviation safety engineers.

    (b) Survey.--The Panel shall conduct a survey of ODA holders and ODA 
program applicants to document and assess FAA certification and 
oversight activities, including use of the ODA program and the 
timeliness and efficiency of the certification process. In

[[Page 132 STAT. 3250]]

carrying out this subsection, the Panel shall consult with appropriate 
survey experts to best design and conduct the survey.
    (c) Assessment and Recommendations.--The Panel shall assess and make 
recommendations concerning--
            (1) the FAA's processes and procedures under the ODA program 
        and whether the processes and procedures function as intended;
            (2) the best practices of and lessons learned by ODA holders 
        and FAA personnel who provide oversight of ODA holders;
            (3) performance incentive policies that--
                    (A) are related to the ODA program for FAA 
                personnel; and
                    (B) do not conflict with the public interest;
            (4) training activities related to the ODA program for FAA 
        personnel and ODA holders;
            (5) the impact, if any, that oversight of the ODA program 
        has on FAA resources and the FAA's ability to process 
        applications for certifications outside of the ODA program; and
            (6) the results of the survey conducted under subsection 
        (b).

    (d) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date the Panel is 
convened under subsection (a), the Panel shall submit to the 
Administrator, the Advisory Committee, and the appropriate committees of 
Congress a report on the findings and recommendations of the Panel.
    (e) Definitions.--The definitions contained in section 44736 of 
title 49, United States Code, as added by this Act, apply to this 
section.
    (f) Applicable Law.--Public Law 92-463 shall not apply to the Panel.
    (g) Sunset.--The Panel shall terminate on the date of submission of 
the report under subsection (d), or on the date that is 1 year after the 
Panel is convened under subsection (a), whichever occurs first.
SEC. 214. TYPE CERTIFICATION RESOLUTION PROCESS.

    (a) In General.--Section 44704(a) of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) Type certification resolution process.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than 15 months after 
                the date of enactment of the FAA Reauthorization Act of 
                2018, the Administrator shall establish an effective, 
                timely, and milestone-based issue resolution process for 
                type certification activities under this subsection.
                    ``(B) Process requirements.--The resolution process 
                shall provide for--
                          ``(i) resolution of technical issues at pre-
                      established stages of the certification process, 
                      as agreed to by the Administrator and the type 
                      certificate applicant;
                          ``(ii) automatic elevation to appropriate 
                      management personnel of the Federal Aviation 
                      Administration and the type certificate applicant 
                      of any major certification process milestone that 
                      is not completed or resolved within a specific 
                      period of time agreed to by the Administrator and 
                      the type certificate applicant; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3251]]

                          ``(iii) resolution of a major certification 
                      process milestone elevated pursuant to clause (ii) 
                      within a specific period of time agreed to by the 
                      Administrator and the type certificate applicant.
                    ``(C) Major certification process milestone 
                defined.--In this paragraph, the term `major 
                certification process milestone' means a milestone 
                related to a type certification basis, type 
                certification plan, type inspection authorization, issue 
                paper, or other major type certification activity agreed 
                to by the Administrator and the type certificate 
                applicant.''.

    (b) Technical Amendment.--Section 44704 of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended in the section heading by striking ``airworthiness 
certificates,,'' and inserting ``airworthiness certificates,''.
SEC. 215. REVIEW OF CERTIFICATION PROCESS FOR SMALL GENERAL 
                        AVIATION AIRPLANES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall initiate 
a review of the Federal Aviation Administration's implementation of the 
final rule titled ``Revision of Airworthiness Standards for Normal, 
Utility, Acrobatic, and Commuter Category Airplanes'' (81 Fed. Reg. 
96572).
    (b) Considerations.--In carrying out the review, the Comptroller 
General shall assess--
            (1) how the rule puts into practice the Administration's 
        efforts to implement performance and risk-based safety 
        standards;
            (2) the extent to which the rule has resulted in the 
        implementation of a streamlined regulatory regime to improve 
        safety, reduce regulatory burden, and decrease costs;
            (3) whether the rule and its implementation have spurred 
        innovation and technological adoption;
            (4) how consensus standards accepted by the FAA facilitate 
        the development of new safety equipment and aircraft 
        capabilities; and
            (5) whether lessons learned from the rule and its 
        implementation have resulted in best practices that could be 
        applied to airworthiness standards for other categories of 
        aircraft.

    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of initiation of 
the review, the Comptroller General shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report on the results of the review, including 
findings and recommendations.
SEC. 216. ODA STAFFING AND OVERSIGHT.

    (a) Report to Congress.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report on the Administration's progress with 
respect to--
            (1) determining what additional model inputs and labor 
        distribution codes are needed to identify ODA oversight staffing 
        needs;
            (2) developing and implementing system-based evaluation 
        criteria and risk-based tools to aid ODA team members in 
        targeting their oversight activities;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3252]]

            (3) developing agreements and processes for sharing 
        resources to ensure adequate oversight of ODA personnel 
        performing certification and inspection work at supplier and 
        company facilities; and
            (4) ensuring full utilization of ODA authority.

    (b) ODA Defined.--In this section, the term ``ODA'' has the meaning 
given that term in section 44736 of title 49, United States Code, as 
added by this Act.

                   Subtitle C--Flight Standards Reform

SEC. 221. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 note.>>  FLIGHT STANDARDS 
                        PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES AND METRICS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date on which the 
Advisory Committee is established under section 202, the Administrator 
shall establish performance objectives and apply and track performance 
metrics for the FAA and the aviation industry relating to flight 
standards activities in accordance with this section.
    (b) Collaboration.--The Administrator shall carry out this section 
in collaboration with the Advisory Committee, and update agency 
performance objectives and metrics after considering the recommendations 
of the Advisory Committee under paragraphs (8) and (9) of section 
202(c).
    (c) Performance Objectives.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
Administrator shall establish performance objectives for the FAA and the 
aviation industry to ensure that, with respect to flight standards 
activities, progress is made toward, at a minimum--
            (1) eliminating delays with respect to such activities;
            (2) increasing accountability for both the FAA and the 
        aviation industry;
            (3) achieving full utilization of FAA delegation and 
        designation authorities, including organizational designation 
        authority;
            (4) fully implementing risk management principles and a 
        systems safety approach;
            (5) reducing duplication of effort;
            (6) eliminating inconsistent regulatory interpretations and 
        inconsistent enforcement activities;
            (7) improving and providing greater opportunities for 
        training, including recurrent training, in auditing and a 
        systems safety approach to oversight;
            (8) developing and allowing utilization of a single master 
        source for guidance;
            (9) providing and utilizing a streamlined appeal process for 
        the resolution of regulatory interpretation questions;
            (10) maintaining and improving safety; and
            (11) increasing transparency.

    (d) Performance Metrics.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
Administrator shall apply and track performance metrics for the FAA and 
the regulated aviation industry established by the Advisory Committee.
    (e) Data Generation.--
            (1) Baselines.--Not later than 1 year after the date on 
        which the Advisory Committee recommends initial performance 
        metrics for the FAA and the regulated aviation industry under

[[Page 132 STAT. 3253]]

        section 202, the Administrator shall generate initial data with 
        respect to each of the performance metrics applied and tracked 
        under this section.
            (2) Benchmarks to measure progress toward goals.--The 
        Administrator shall use the metrics applied and tracked under 
        this section to generate data on an ongoing basis and to measure 
        progress toward the achievement of national goals recommended by 
        the Advisory Committee.

    (f) Publication.--The Administrator shall make data generated using 
the performance metrics applied and tracked under this section available 
to the public in a searchable, sortable, and downloadable format through 
the internet website of the FAA or other appropriate methods and shall 
ensure that the data are made available in a manner that--
            (1) does not provide identifying information regarding an 
        individual or entity; and
            (2) prevents inappropriate disclosure of proprietary 
        information.
SEC. 222. FAA TASK FORCE ON FLIGHT STANDARDS REFORM.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall establish the FAA Task 
Force on Flight Standards Reform (in this section referred to as the 
``Task Force'').
    (b) Membership.--
            (1) Appointment.--The membership of the Task Force shall be 
        appointed by the Administrator.
            (2) Number.--The Task Force shall be composed of not more 
        than 20 members.
            (3) Representation requirements.--The membership of the Task 
        Force shall include representatives, with knowledge of flight 
        standards regulatory processes and requirements, of--
                    (A) air carriers;
                    (B) general aviation;
                    (C) business aviation;
                    (D) repair stations;
                    (E) unmanned aircraft systems operators;
                    (F) flight schools;
                    (G) labor unions, including those representing FAA 
                aviation safety inspectors and those representing FAA 
                aviation safety engineers;
                    (H) aviation and aerospace manufacturers; and
                    (I) aviation safety experts.

    (c) Duties.--The duties of the Task Force shall include, at a 
minimum, identifying best practices and providing recommendations, for 
current and anticipated budgetary environments, with respect to--
            (1) simplifying and streamlining flight standards regulatory 
        processes, including issuance and oversight of certificates;
            (2) reorganizing Flight Standards Services to establish an 
        entity organized by function rather than geographic region, if 
        appropriate;
            (3) FAA aviation safety inspector training opportunities;
            (4) ensuring adequate and timely provision of Flight 
        Standards activities and responses necessary for type 
        certification, operational evaluation, and entry into service of 
        newly manufactured aircraft;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3254]]

            (5) FAA aviation safety inspector standards and performance; 
        and
            (6) achieving, across the FAA, consistent--
                    (A) regulatory interpretations; and
                    (B) application of oversight activities.

    (d) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
establishment of the Task Force, the Task Force shall submit to the 
appropriate committees of Congress a report detailing--
            (1) the best practices identified and recommendations 
        provided by the Task Force under subsection (c); and
            (2) any recommendations of the Task Force for additional 
        regulatory, policy, or cost-effective legislative action to 
        improve the efficiency of agency activities.

    (e) Applicable Law.--Public Law 92-463 shall not apply to the Task 
Force.
    (f) Sunset.--The Task Force shall terminate on the earlier of--
            (1) the date on which the Task Force submits the report 
        required under subsection (d); or
            (2) the date that is 18 months after the date on which the 
        Task Force is established under subsection (a).
SEC. 223. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 note.>>  CENTRALIZED SAFETY 
                        GUIDANCE DATABASE.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall establish a centralized 
safety guidance database that will--
            (1) encompass all of the regulatory guidance documents of 
        the FAA Office of Aviation Safety;
            (2) contain, for each such guidance document, a link to the 
        Code of Federal Regulations provision to which the document 
        relates; and
            (3) be publicly available in a manner that--
                    (A) protects from disclosure identifying information 
                regarding an individual or entity; and
                    (B) prevents inappropriate disclosure proprietary 
                information.

    (b) Data Entry Timing.--
            (1) Existing documents.--Not later than 14 months after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall begin 
        entering into the database established under subsection (a) all 
        of the regulatory guidance documents of the Office of Aviation 
        Safety that are in effect and were issued before the date on 
        which the Administrator begins such entry process.
            (2) New documents and changes.--On and after the date on 
        which the Administrator begins the document entry process under 
        paragraph (1), the Administrator shall ensure that all new 
        regulatory guidance documents of the Office of Aviation Safety 
        and any changes to existing documents are included in the 
        database established under subsection (a) as such documents or 
        changes to existing documents are issued.

    (c) Consultation Requirement.--In establishing the database under 
subsection (a), the Administrator shall consult and collaborate with 
appropriate stakeholders, including labor organizations (including those 
representing aviation workers, FAA aviation safety engineers and FAA 
aviation safety inspectors) and aviation industry stakeholders.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3255]]

    (d) Regulatory Guidance Documents Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``regulatory guidance documents'' means all forms of written 
information issued by the FAA that an individual or entity may use to 
interpret or apply FAA regulations and requirements, including 
information an individual or entity may use to determine acceptable 
means of compliance with such regulations and requirements, such as an 
order, manual, circular, policy statement, legal interpretation 
memorandum, or rulemaking document.
SEC. 224. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 note.>>  REGULATORY CONSISTENCY 
                        COMMUNICATIONS BOARD.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall establish a Regulatory 
Consistency Communications Board (in this section referred to as the 
``Board'').
    (b) Consultation Requirement.--In establishing the Board, the 
Administrator shall consult and collaborate with appropriate 
stakeholders, including FAA labor organizations (including labor 
organizations representing FAA aviation safety inspectors) and industry 
stakeholders.
    (c) Membership.--The Board shall be composed of FAA representatives, 
appointed by the Administrator, from--
            (1) the Flight Standards Service;
            (2) the Aircraft Certification Service; and
            (3) the Office of the Chief Counsel.

    (d) Functions.--The Board shall carry out the following functions:
            (1) Establish, at a minimum, processes by which--
                    (A) FAA personnel and persons regulated by the FAA 
                may submit anonymous regulatory interpretation questions 
                without fear of retaliation;
                    (B) FAA personnel may submit written questions, and 
                receive written responses, as to whether a previous 
                approval or regulatory interpretation issued by FAA 
                personnel in another office or region is correct or 
                incorrect; and
                    (C) any other person may submit written anonymous 
                regulatory interpretation questions.
            (2) Meet on a regular basis to discuss and resolve questions 
        submitted pursuant to paragraph (1) and the appropriate 
        application of regulations and policy with respect to each 
        question.
            (3) Provide to a person that submitted a question pursuant 
        to subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1) a timely written 
        response to the question.
            (4) Establish a process to make resolutions of common 
        regulatory interpretation questions publicly available to FAA 
        personnel, persons regulated by the FAA, and the public without 
        revealing any identifying data of the person that submitted the 
        question and in a manner that protects any proprietary 
        information.
            (5) Ensure the incorporation of resolutions of questions 
        submitted pursuant to paragraph (1) into regulatory guidance 
        documents, as such term is defined in section 223(d).

    (e) Performance Metrics, Timelines, and Goals.--Not later than 180 
days after the date on which the Advisory Committee recommends 
performance objectives and performance metrics for the FAA and the 
regulated aviation industry under section 202,

[[Page 132 STAT. 3256]]

the Administrator, in collaboration with the Advisory Committee, shall--
            (1) establish performance metrics, timelines, and goals to 
        measure the progress of the Board in resolving regulatory 
        interpretation questions submitted pursuant to subsection 
        (d)(1); and
            (2) implement a process for tracking the progress of the 
        Board in meeting the performance metrics, timelines, and goals 
        established under paragraph (1).

                      Subtitle D--Safety Workforce

SEC. 231. SAFETY WORKFORCE TRAINING STRATEGY.

    (a) Safety Workforce Training Strategy.--Not later than 60 days 
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall review 
and revise its safety workforce training strategy to ensure that such 
strategy--
            (1) aligns with an effective risk-based approach to safety 
        oversight;
            (2) best uses available resources;
            (3) allows FAA employees participating in organization 
        management teams or conducting ODA program audits to complete, 
        in a timely fashion, appropriate training, including recurrent 
        training, in auditing and a systems safety approach to 
        oversight;
            (4) seeks knowledge-sharing opportunities between the FAA 
        and the aviation industry in new technologies, equipment and 
        systems, best practices, and other areas of interest related to 
        safety oversight;
            (5) functions within the current and anticipated budgetary 
        environments;
            (6) fosters an inspector and engineer workforce that has the 
        skills and training necessary to improve risk-based approaches 
        that focus on requirements management and auditing skills; and
            (7) includes, as appropriate, milestones and metrics for 
        meeting the requirements of paragraphs (1) through (5).

    (b) Report.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the revision 
of the strategy required under subsection (a), the Administrator shall 
submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the 
implementation of the strategy and progress in meeting any milestones 
and metrics included in the strategy.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
            (1) ODA; oda holder.--The terms ``ODA'' and ``ODA holder'' 
        have the meanings given those terms in section 44736 of title 
        49, United States Code, as added by this Act.
            (2) ODA program.--The term ``ODA program'' means the program 
        to standardize FAA management and oversight of the organizations 
        that are approved to perform certain functions on behalf of the 
        Administration under section 44702(d) of title 49, United States 
        Code.
            (3) Organization management team.--The term ``organization 
        management team'' means a team consisting of FAA aviation safety 
        engineers, flight test pilots, and aviation

[[Page 132 STAT. 3257]]

        safety inspectors overseeing an ODA holder and its certification 
        activity.
SEC. 232. WORKFORCE REVIEW.

    (a) Workforce Review.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall conduct a review to assess the workforce and training needs of the 
FAA Office of Aviation Safety in the anticipated budgetary environment.
    (b) Contents.--The review required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
            (1) a review of current aviation safety inspector and 
        aviation safety engineer hiring, training, and recurrent 
        training requirements;
            (2) an analysis of the skills and qualifications required of 
        aviation safety inspectors and aviation safety engineers for 
        successful performance in the current and future projected 
        aviation safety regulatory environment, including the need for a 
        systems engineering discipline within the FAA to guide the 
        engineering of complex systems, with an emphasis on auditing 
        designated authorities;
            (3) a review of current performance incentive policies of 
        the FAA, as applied to the Office of Aviation Safety, including 
        awards for performance;
            (4) an analysis of ways the FAA can work with industry and 
        labor, including labor groups representing FAA aviation safety 
        inspectors and aviation safety engineers, to establish 
        knowledge-sharing opportunities between the FAA and the aviation 
        industry regarding new equipment and systems, best practices, 
        and other areas of interest; and
            (5) recommendations on the most effective qualifications, 
        training programs (including e-learning training), and 
        performance incentive approaches to address the needs of the 
        future projected aviation safety regulatory system in the 
        anticipated budgetary environment.

    (c) Report.--Not later than 270 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report on the results of the review required 
under subsection (a).

                   Subtitle E--International Aviation

SEC. 241. PROMOTION OF UNITED STATES AEROSPACE STANDARDS, 
                        PRODUCTS, AND SERVICES ABROAD.

    Section 40104 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(d) Promotion of United States Aerospace Standards, Products, and 
Services Abroad.--The Secretary shall take appropriate actions to--
            ``(1) promote United States aerospace-related safety 
        standards abroad;
            ``(2) facilitate and vigorously defend approvals of United 
        States aerospace products and services abroad;
            ``(3) with respect to bilateral partners, utilize bilateral 
        safety agreements and other mechanisms to improve validation of 
        United States certificated aeronautical products, services,

[[Page 132 STAT. 3258]]

        and appliances and enhance mutual acceptance in order to 
        eliminate redundancies and unnecessary costs; and
            ``(4) with respect to the aeronautical safety authorities of 
        a foreign country, streamline validation and coordination 
        processes.''.
SEC. 242. BILATERAL EXCHANGES OF SAFETY OVERSIGHT 
                        RESPONSIBILITIES.

    Section 44701(e) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Foreign airworthiness directives.--
                    ``(A) Acceptance.--Subject to subparagraph (D), the 
                Administrator may accept an airworthiness directive, as 
                defined in section 39.3 of title 14, Code of Federal 
                Regulations, issued by an aeronautical safety authority 
                of a foreign country, and leverage that authority's 
                regulatory process, if--
                          ``(i) the country is the state of design for 
                      the product that is the subject of the 
                      airworthiness directive;
                          ``(ii) the United States has a bilateral 
                      safety agreement relating to aircraft 
                      certification with the country;
                          ``(iii) as part of the bilateral safety 
                      agreement with the country, the Administrator has 
                      determined that such aeronautical safety authority 
                      has an aircraft certification system relating to 
                      safety that produces a level of safety equivalent 
                      to the level produced by the system of the Federal 
                      Aviation Administration;
                          ``(iv) the aeronautical safety authority of 
                      the country utilizes an open and transparent 
                      notice and comment process in the issuance of 
                      airworthiness directives; and
                          ``(v) the airworthiness directive is necessary 
                      to provide for the safe operation of the aircraft 
                      subject to the directive.
                    ``(B) Alternative approval process.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraph (A), the Administrator may issue a Federal 
                Aviation Administration airworthiness directive instead 
                of accepting an airworthiness directive otherwise 
                eligible for acceptance under such subparagraph, if the 
                Administrator determines that such issuance is necessary 
                for safety or operational reasons due to the complexity 
                or unique features of the Federal Aviation 
                Administration airworthiness directive or the United 
                States aviation system.
                    ``(C) Alternative means of compliance.--The 
                Administrator may--
                          ``(i) accept an alternative means of 
                      compliance, with respect to an airworthiness 
                      directive accepted under subparagraph (A), that 
                      was approved by the aeronautical safety authority 
                      of the foreign country that issued the 
                      airworthiness directive; or
                          ``(ii) notwithstanding subparagraph (A), and 
                      at the request of any person affected by an 
                      airworthiness directive accepted under such 
                      subparagraph, approve an alternative means of 
                      compliance with respect to the airworthiness 
                      directive.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3259]]

                    ``(D) Limitation.--The Administrator may not accept 
                an airworthiness directive issued by an aeronautical 
                safety authority of a foreign country if the 
                airworthiness directive addresses matters other than 
                those involving the safe operation of an aircraft.''.
SEC. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 note.>>  243. FAA LEADERSHIP ABROAD.

    (a) In General.--To promote United States aerospace safety 
standards, reduce redundant regulatory activity, and facilitate 
acceptance of FAA design and production approvals abroad, the 
Administrator shall--
            (1) attain greater expertise in issues related to dispute 
        resolution, intellectual property, and export control laws to 
        better support FAA certification and other aerospace regulatory 
        activities abroad;
            (2) work with United States companies to more accurately 
        track the amount of time it takes foreign authorities, including 
        bilateral partners, to validate United States certificated 
        aeronautical products;
            (3) provide assistance to United States companies that have 
        experienced significantly long foreign validation wait times;
            (4) work with foreign authorities, including bilateral 
        partners, to collect and analyze data to determine the 
        timeliness of the acceptance and validation of FAA design and 
        production approvals by foreign authorities and the acceptance 
        and validation of foreign-certified products by the FAA;
            (5) establish appropriate benchmarks and metrics to measure 
        the success of bilateral aviation safety agreements and to 
        reduce the validation time for United States certificated 
        aeronautical products abroad; and
            (6) work with foreign authorities, including bilateral 
        partners, to improve the timeliness of the acceptance and 
        validation of FAA design and production approvals by foreign 
        authorities and the acceptance and validation of foreign-
        certified products by the FAA.

    (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees 
of Congress a report that--
            (1) describes the FAA's strategic plan for international 
        engagement;
            (2) describes the structure and responsibilities of all FAA 
        offices that have international responsibilities, including the 
        Aircraft Certification Office, and all the activities conducted 
        by those offices related to certification and production;
            (3) describes current and forecasted staffing and travel 
        needs for the FAA's international engagement activities, 
        including the needs of the Aircraft Certification Office in the 
        current and forecasted budgetary environment;
            (4) provides recommendations, if appropriate, to improve the 
        existing structure and personnel and travel policies supporting 
        the FAA's international engagement activities, including the 
        activities of the Aviation Certification Office, to better 
        support the growth of United States aerospace exports; and
            (5) identifies cost-effective policy initiatives, regulatory 
        initiatives, or legislative initiatives needed to improve and 
        enhance

[[Page 132 STAT. 3260]]

        the timely acceptance of United States aerospace products 
        abroad.

    (c) International Travel.--The Administrator, or the Administrator's 
designee, may authorize international travel for any FAA employee, 
without the approval of any other person or entity, if the Administrator 
determines that the travel is necessary--
            (1) to promote United States aerospace safety standards; or
            (2) to support expedited acceptance of FAA design and 
        production approvals.
SEC. 244. REGISTRATION, CERTIFICATION, AND RELATED FEES.

    Section 45305 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) by striking ``Subject to subsection 
        (b)'' and inserting ``Subject to subsection (c)'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections 
        (c) and (d), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following:

    ``(b) Certification Services.--Subject to subsection (c), and 
notwithstanding section 45301(a), the Administrator may establish and 
collect a fee from a foreign government or entity for services related 
to certification, regardless of where the services are provided, if the 
fee--
            ``(1) is established and collected in a manner consistent 
        with aviation safety agreements; and
            ``(2) does not exceed the estimated costs of the 
        services.''.

                            TITLE III--SAFETY

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

SEC. 301. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 note.>>  DEFINITIONS.

    In this title, the following definitions apply:
            (1) Administrator.--The term ``Administrator'' means the 
        Administrator of the FAA.
            (2) FAA.--The term ``FAA'' means the Federal Aviation 
        Administration.
SEC. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 note.>>  302. FAA TECHNICAL TRAINING.

    (a) E-learning Training Pilot Program.--Not later than 90 days after 
the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator, in collaboration 
with the exclusive bargaining representatives of covered FAA personnel, 
shall establish an e-learning training pilot program in accordance with 
the requirements of this section.
    (b) Curriculum.--The pilot program shall--
            (1) include a recurrent training curriculum for covered FAA 
        personnel to ensure that the covered FAA personnel receive 
        instruction on the latest aviation technologies, processes, and 
        procedures;
            (2) focus on providing specialized technical training for 
        covered FAA personnel, as determined necessary by the 
        Administrator;
            (3) include training courses on applicable regulations of 
        the Federal Aviation Administration; and
            (4) consider the efficacy of instructor-led online training.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3261]]

    (c) Pilot Program Termination.--The pilot program shall terminate 1 
year after the date of establishment of the pilot program.
    (d) E-learning Training Program.--Upon termination of the pilot 
program, the Administrator shall assess and establish or update an e-
learning training program that incorporates lessons learned for covered 
FAA personnel as a result of the pilot program.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
            (1) Covered faa personnel.--The term ``covered FAA 
        personnel'' means airway transportation systems specialists and 
        aviation safety inspectors of the Federal Aviation 
        Administration.
            (2) E-learning training.--The term ``e-learning training'' 
        means learning utilizing electronic technologies to access 
        educational curriculum outside of a traditional classroom.
SEC. 303. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 note.>>  SAFETY CRITICAL STAFFING.

    (a) Update of FAA's Safety Critical Staffing Model.--Not later than 
270 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator 
shall update the safety critical staffing model of the Administration to 
determine the number of aviation safety inspectors that will be needed 
to fulfill the safety oversight mission of the Administration.
    (b) Audit by DOT Inspector General.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date on 
        which the Administrator has updated the safety critical staffing 
        model under subsection (a), the Inspector General of the 
        Department of Transportation shall conduct an audit of the 
        staffing model.
            (2) Contents.--The audit shall include, at a minimum--
                    (A) a review of the assumptions and methodologies 
                used in devising and implementing the staffing model to 
                assess the adequacy of the staffing model in predicting 
                the number of aviation safety inspectors needed--
                          (i) to properly fulfill the mission of the 
                      Administration; and
                          (ii) to meet the future growth of the aviation 
                      industry; and
                    (B) a determination on whether the staffing model 
                takes into account the Administration's authority to 
                fully utilize designees.
            (3) Report on audit.--
                    (A) Report to secretary.--Not later than 30 days 
                after the date of completion of the audit, the Inspector 
                General shall submit to the Secretary a report on the 
                results of the audit.
                    (B) Report to congress.--Not later than 60 days 
                after the date of receipt of the report, the Secretary 
                shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
                copy of the report, together with, if appropriate, a 
                description of any actions taken or to be taken to 
                address the results of the audit.
SEC. 304. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40104 note.>>  INTERNATIONAL EFFORTS 
                        REGARDING TRACKING OF CIVIL AIRCRAFT.

    The Administrator shall exercise leadership on creating a global 
approach to improving aircraft tracking by working with--

[[Page 132 STAT. 3262]]

            (1) foreign counterparts of the Administrator in the 
        International Civil Aviation Organization and its subsidiary 
        organizations;
            (2) other international organizations and fora; and
            (3) the private sector.
SEC. 305. AIRCRAFT DATA ACCESS AND RETRIEVAL SYSTEMS.

    (a) Assessment.--Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator shall initiate an assessment of aircraft 
data access and retrieval systems for part 121 air carrier aircraft that 
are used in extended overwater operations to--
            (1) determine if the systems provide improved access and 
        retrieval of aircraft data and cockpit voice recordings in the 
        event of an aircraft accident; and
            (2) assess the cost effectiveness of each system assessed.

    (b) Systems To Be Examined.--The systems to be examined under this 
section shall include, at a minimum--
            (1) various methods for improving detection and retrieval of 
        flight data, including--
                    (A) low-frequency underwater locating devices; and
                    (B) extended battery life for underwater locating 
                devices;
            (2) automatic deployable flight recorders;
            (3) emergency locator transmitters;
            (4) triggered transmission of flight data and other 
        satellite-based solutions;
            (5) distress-mode tracking; and
            (6) protections against disabling flight recorder systems.

    (c) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of initiation of 
the assessment, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report on the results of the assessment.
    (d) Part 121 Air Carrier Defined.--In this section, the term ``part 
121 air carrier'' means an air carrier with authority to conduct 
operations under part 121 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations.
SEC. 306. ADVANCED COCKPIT DISPLAYS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator shall initiate a review of heads-up 
display systems, heads-down display systems employing synthetic vision 
systems, and enhanced vision systems (in this section referred to as 
``HUD systems'', ``SVS'', and ``EVS'', respectively).
    (b) Contents.--The review shall--
            (1) evaluate the impacts of single- and dual-installed HUD 
        systems, SVS, and EVS on the safety and efficiency of aircraft 
        operations within the national airspace system; and
            (2) review a sufficient quantity of commercial aviation 
        accidents or incidents in order to evaluate if HUD systems, SVS, 
        or EVS would have produced a better outcome in each accident or 
        incident.

    (c) Consultation.--In conducting the review, the Administrator shall 
consult with aviation manufacturers, representatives of pilot groups, 
aviation safety organizations, and any government agencies the 
Administrator considers appropriate.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees 
of Congress a report containing the results of the review,

[[Page 132 STAT. 3263]]

the actions the Administrator plans to take with respect to the systems 
reviewed, and the associated timeline for such actions.
SEC. 307. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 note.>>  EMERGENCY MEDICAL 
                        EQUIPMENT ON PASSENGER AIRCRAFT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator shall evaluate and revise, as 
appropriate, regulations in part 121 of title 14, Code of Federal 
Regulations, regarding emergency medical equipment, including the 
contents of first-aid kits, applicable to all certificate holders 
operating passenger aircraft under that part.
    (b) Consideration.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
Administrator shall consider whether the minimum contents of approved 
emergency medical kits, including approved first-aid kits, include 
appropriate medications and equipment to meet the emergency medical 
needs of children and pregnant women.
SEC. 308. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 note.>>  FAA AND NTSB REVIEW OF 
                        GENERAL AVIATION SAFETY.

    (a) Study Required.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator, in coordination with the 
Chairman of the National Transportation Safety Board, shall initiate a 
study of general aviation safety.
    (b) Study Contents.--The study required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
            (1) a review of all general aviation accidents since 2000, 
        including a review of--
                    (A) the number of such accidents;
                    (B) the number of injuries and fatalities, including 
                with respect to both occupants of aircraft and 
                individuals on the ground, as a result of such 
                accidents;
                    (C) the number of such accidents investigated by the 
                National Transportation Safety Board;
                    (D) the number of such accidents investigated by the 
                FAA; and
                    (E) a summary of the factual findings and probable 
                cause determinations with respect to such accidents;
            (2) an assessment of the most common probable cause 
        determinations issued for general aviation accidents since 2000;
            (3) an assessment of the most common facts analyzed by the 
        FAA and the National Transportation Safety Board in the course 
        of investigations of general aviation accidents since 2000, 
        including operational details;
            (4) a review of the safety recommendations of the National 
        Transportation Safety Board related to general aviation 
        accidents since 2000;
            (5) an assessment of the responses of the FAA and the 
        general aviation community to the safety recommendations of the 
        National Transportation Safety Board related to general aviation 
        accidents since 2000;
            (6) an assessment of the most common general aviation safety 
        issues;
            (7) a review of the total costs to the Federal Government to 
        conduct investigations of general aviation accidents over the 
        last 10 years; and
            (8) other matters the Administrator or the Chairman 
        considers appropriate.

    (c) Recommendations and Actions To Address General Aviation 
Safety.--Based on the results of the study required under

[[Page 132 STAT. 3264]]

subsection (a), the Administrator, in consultation with the Chairman, 
shall make such recommendations, including with respect to regulations 
and enforcement activities, as the Administrator considers necessary 
to--
            (1) address general aviation safety issues identified under 
        the study;
            (2) protect persons and property on the ground; and
            (3) improve the safety of general aviation operators in the 
        United States.

    (d) Authority.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the 
Administrator shall have the authority to undertake actions to address 
the recommendations made under subsection (c).
    (e) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees 
of Congress a report on the results of the study required under 
subsection (a), including the recommendations described in subsection 
(c).
    (f) General Aviation Defined.--In this section, the term ``general 
aviation'' means aircraft operation for personal, recreational, or other 
noncommercial purposes.
SEC. 309. CALL TO ACTION AIRLINE ENGINE SAFETY REVIEW.

    (a) Call to Action Airline Engine Safety Review.--Not later than 90 
days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall 
initiate a Call to Action safety review on airline engine safety in 
order to bring stakeholders together to share best practices and 
implement actions to address airline engine safety.
    (b) Contents.--The Call to Action safety review required pursuant to 
subsection (a) shall include--
            (1) a review of Administration regulations, guidance, and 
        directives related to airline engines during design and 
        production, including the oversight of those processes;
            (2) a review of Administration regulations, guidance, and 
        directives related to airline engine operation and maintenance 
        and the oversight of those processes;
            (3) a review of reportable accidents and incidents involving 
        airline engines during calendar years 2014 through 2018, 
        including any identified contributing factors to the reportable 
        accident or incident; and
            (4) a process for stakeholders, including inspectors, 
        manufacturers, maintenance providers, airlines, labor, and 
        aviation safety experts, to provide feedback and share best 
        practices.

    (c) Report and Recommendations.--Not later than 90 days after the 
conclusion of the Call to Action safety review pursuant to subsection 
(a), the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
Congress a report on the results of the review and any recommendations 
for actions or best practices to improve airline engine safety.
SEC. 310. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON ACCESS TO AIR CARRIER FLIGHT DECKS.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Administrator should 
collaborate with other aviation authorities to advance a global standard 
for access to air carrier flight decks and redundancy requirements 
consistent with the flight deck access and redundancy requirements in 
the United States.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3265]]

SEC. 311. PART 135 ACCIDENT AND INCIDENT DATA.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator shall--
            (1) determine, in collaboration with the National 
        Transportation Safety Board and part 135 industry stakeholders, 
        what, if any, additional data should be reported as part of an 
        accident or incident notice--
                    (A) to more accurately measure the safety of on-
                demand part 135 aircraft activity;
                    (B) to pinpoint safety problems; and
                    (C) to form the basis for critical research and 
                analysis of general aviation issues; and
            (2) provide a briefing to the appropriate committees of 
        Congress on the findings under paragraph (1), including a 
        description of any additional data to be collected, a timeframe 
        for implementing the additional data collection, and any 
        potential obstacles to implementation.

    (b) Definition of Part 135.--In this section, the term ``part 135'' 
means part 135 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations.
SEC. 312. SENSE OF CONGRESS; PILOT IN COMMAND AUTHORITY.

    It is the sense of Congress that the pilot in command of an aircraft 
is directly responsible for, and is the final authority as to, the 
operation of that aircraft, as set forth in section 91.3(a) of title 14, 
Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulation thereto).
SEC. 313. REPORT ON CONSPICUITY NEEDS FOR SURFACE VEHICLES 
                        OPERATING ON THE AIRSIDE OF AIR CARRIER 
                        SERVED AIRPORTS.

    (a) Study Required.--The Administrator shall carry out a study on 
the need for the FAA to prescribe conspicuity standards for surface 
vehicles operating on the airside of the categories of airports that air 
carriers serve as specified in subsection (b).
    (b) Covered Airports.--The study required by subsection (a) shall 
cover, at a minimum, 1 large hub airport, 1 medium hub airport, and 1 
small hub airport, as those terms are defined in section 40102 of title 
49, United States Code.
    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than July 1, 2019, the 
Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
report setting forth the results of the study required by subsection 
(a), including such recommendations as the Administrator considers 
appropriate regarding the need for the Administration to prescribe 
conspicuity standards as described in subsection (a).
SEC. 314. HELICOPTER AIR AMBULANCE OPERATIONS DATA AND REPORTS.

    (a) <<NOTE: 49 USC 44731 note.>>  In General.--Not later than 1 year 
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator, in 
collaboration with helicopter air ambulance industry stakeholders, shall 
assess the availability of information to the general public related to 
the location of heliports and helipads used by helicopters providing air 
ambulance services, including helipads and helipads outside of those 
listed as part of any existing databases of Airport Master Record (5010) 
forms.

    (b) <<NOTE: 49 USC 44731 note.>>  Requirements.--Based on the 
assessment under subsection (a), the Administrator shall--

[[Page 132 STAT. 3266]]

            (1) update, as necessary, any existing guidance on what 
        information is included in the current databases of Airport 
        Master Record (5010) forms to include information related to 
        heliports and helipads used by helicopters providing air 
        ambulance services; or
            (2) develop, as appropriate and in collaboration with 
        helicopter air ambulance industry stakeholders, a new database 
        of heliports and helipads used by helicopters providing air 
        ambulance services.

    (c) <<NOTE: 49 USC 44731 note.>>  Reports.--
            (1) Assessment report.--Not later than 30 days after the 
        date the assessment under subsection (a) is complete, the 
        Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
        Congress a report on the assessment, including any 
        recommendations on how to make information related to the 
        location of heliports and helipads used by helicopters providing 
        air ambulance services available to the general public.
            (2) Implementation report.--Not later than 30 days after 
        completing action under paragraph (1) or paragraph (2) of 
        subsection (b), the Administrator shall submit to the 
        appropriate committees of Congress a report on such action.

    (d) Incident and Accident Data.--Section 44731 of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``not later than 1 year after the date of 
                enactment of this section, and annually thereafter'' and 
                inserting ``annually'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``flights and 
                hours flown, by registration number, during which 
                helicopters operated by the certificate holder were 
                providing helicopter air ambulance services'' and 
                inserting ``hours flown by the helicopters operated by 
                the certificate holder'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) by striking ``of flight'' and inserting 
                      ``of patients transported and the number of 
                      patient transport'';
                          (ii) by inserting ``or'' after ``interfacility 
                      transport,''; and
                          (iii) by striking ``, or ferry or 
                      repositioning flight'';
                    (D) in paragraph (5)--
                          (i) by striking ``flights and''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``while providing air 
                      ambulance services''; and
                    (E) by amending paragraph (6) to read as follows:
            ``(6) The number of hours flown at night by helicopters 
        operated by the certificate holder.'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) by striking ``Not later than 2 years after the 
                date of enactment of this section, and annually 
                thereafter, the Administrator shall submit'' and 
                inserting ``The Administrator shall submit annually''; 
                and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following: ``The report 
                shall include the number of accidents experienced by 
                helicopter air ambulance operations, the number of fatal 
                accidents experienced by helicopter air ambulance 
                operations, and the rate, per 100,000 flight hours, of 
                accidents and fatal accidents experienced by operators 
                providing helicopter air ambulance services.'';

[[Page 132 STAT. 3267]]

            (3) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f); and
            (4) by inserting after subsection (d) the following:

    ``(e) Implementation.--In carrying out this section, the 
Administrator, in collaboration with part 135 certificate holders 
providing helicopter air ambulance services, shall--
            ``(1) propose and develop a method to collect and store the 
        data submitted under subsection (a), including a method to 
        protect the confidentiality of any trade secret or proprietary 
        information submitted; and
            ``(2) ensure that the database under subsection (c) and the 
        report under subsection (d) include data and analysis that will 
        best inform efforts to improve the safety of helicopter air 
        ambulance operations.''.
SEC. 315. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 note.>>  AVIATION RULEMAKING 
                        COMMITTEE FOR PART 135 PILOT REST AND DUTY 
                        RULES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator shall convene an aviation rulemaking 
committee to review, and develop findings and recommendations regarding, 
pilot rest and duty rules under part 135 of title 14, Code of Federal 
Regulations.
    (b) Duties.--The Administrator shall--
            (1) not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
        this Act, submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
        report based on the findings of the aviation rulemaking 
        committee; and
            (2) not later than 1 year after the date of submission of 
        the report under paragraph (1), issue a notice of proposed 
        rulemaking based on any consensus recommendations reached by the 
        aviation rulemaking committee.

    (c) Composition.--The aviation rulemaking committee shall consist of 
members appointed by the Administrator, including--
            (1) representatives of industry;
            (2) representatives of aviation labor organizations, 
        including collective bargaining units representing pilots who 
        are covered by part 135 of title 14, Code of Federal 
        Regulations, and subpart K of part 91 of such title; and
            (3) aviation safety experts with specific knowledge of 
        flight crewmember education and training requirements under part 
        135 of such title.

    (d) Considerations.--The Administrator shall direct the aviation 
rulemaking committee to consider--
            (1) recommendations of prior part 135 rulemaking committees;
            (2) accommodations necessary for small businesses;
            (3) scientific data derived from aviation-related fatigue 
        and sleep research;
            (4) data gathered from aviation safety reporting programs;
            (5) the need to accommodate the diversity of operations 
        conducted under part 135, including the unique duty and rest 
        time requirements of air ambulance pilots; and
            (6) other items, as appropriate.
SEC. 316. REPORT ON OBSOLETE TEST EQUIPMENT.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees 
of Congress a report on the National Test Equipment Program of the FAA 
(in this section referred to as the ``Program'').

[[Page 132 STAT. 3268]]

    (b) Contents.--The report shall include--
            (1) a list of all known outstanding requests for test 
        equipment, cataloged by type and location, under the Program;
            (2) a description of the current method under the Program of 
        ensuring calibrated equipment is in place for utilization;
            (3) a plan by the Administrator for appropriate inventory of 
        such equipment;
            (4) the Administrator's recommendations for increasing 
        multifunctionality in future test equipment and all known and 
        foreseeable manufacturer technological advances; and
            (5) a plan to replace, as appropriate, obsolete test 
        equipment throughout the service areas.
SEC. 317. HELICOPTER FUEL SYSTEM SAFETY.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 447 of title 49, United States Code, is 
further amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 44737. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44737.>>  Helicopter fuel system 
                    safety

    ``(a) Prohibition.--
            ``(1) In general.--A person may not operate a covered 
        rotorcraft in United States airspace unless the design of the 
        rotorcraft is certified by the Administrator of the Federal 
        Aviation Administration to--
                    ``(A) comply with the requirements applicable to the 
                category of the rotorcraft under paragraphs (1), (2), 
                (3), (5), and (6) of section 27.952(a), section 
                27.952(c), section 27.952(f), section 27.952(g), section 
                27.963(g) (but allowing for a minimum puncture force of 
                250 pounds if successfully drop tested in-structure), 
                and section 27.975(b) or paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (5), 
                and (6) of section 29.952(a), section 29.952(c), section 
                29.952(f), section 29.952(g), section 29.963(b) (but 
                allowing for a minimum puncture force of 250 pounds if 
                successfully drop tested in-structure), and 29.975(a)(7) 
                of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect 
                on the date of enactment of this section; or
                    ``(B) employ other means acceptable to the 
                Administrator to provide an equivalent level of fuel 
                system crash resistance.
            ``(2) Covered rotorcraft defined.--In this subsection, the 
        term `covered rotorcraft' means a rotorcraft not otherwise 
        required to comply with section 27.952, section 27.963, and 
        section 27.975, or section 29.952, section 29.963, and section 
        29.975 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations as in effect on 
        the date of enactment of this section for which manufacture was 
        completed, as determined by the Administrator, on or after the 
        date that is 18 months after the date of enactment of this 
        section.

    ``(b) Administrative Provisions.--The Administrator shall--
            ``(1) expedite the certification and validation of United 
        States and foreign type designs and retrofit kits that improve 
        fuel system crashworthiness; and
            ``(2) not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
        this section, and periodically thereafter, issue a bulletin to--
                    ``(A) inform rotorcraft owners and operators of 
                available modifications to improve fuel system 
                crashworthiness; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3269]]

                    ``(B) urge that such modifications be installed as 
                soon as practicable.

    ``(c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed to affect the operation of a rotorcraft by the Department of 
Defense.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 447 of title 49, 
United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 prec.>>  is amended by adding 
at the end the following:

``44737. Helicopter fuel system safety.''.

SEC. 318. <<NOTE: Commercial Balloon Pilot Safety Act of 2018.>>  
                        APPLICABILITY OF MEDICAL CERTIFICATION 
                        STANDARDS TO OPERATORS OF AIR BALLOONS.

    (a) <<NOTE: 49 USC 449703 note.>>  Short Title.--This section may be 
cited as the ``Commercial Balloon Pilot Safety Act of 2018''.

    (b) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator shall revise section 61.3(c) of title 14, 
Code of Federal Regulations (relating to second-class medical 
certificates), to apply to an operator of an air balloon to the same 
extent such regulations apply to a pilot flight crewmember of other 
aircraft.
    (c) Air Balloon Defined.--In this section, the term ``air balloon'' 
has the meaning given the term ``balloon'' in section 1.1 of title 14, 
Code of Federal Regulations (or any corresponding similar regulation or 
ruling).
SEC. 319. <<NOTE: 49 USC 449703 note.>>  DESIGNATED PILOT EXAMINER 
                        REFORMS.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator shall assign to the Aviation 
Rulemaking Advisory Committee (in this section referred to as the 
``Committee'') the task of reviewing all regulations and policies 
related to designated pilot examiners appointed under section 183.23 of 
title 14, Code of Federal Regulations. The Committee shall focus on the 
processes and requirements by which the FAA selects, trains, and deploys 
individuals as designated pilot examiners, and provide recommendations 
with respect to the regulatory and policy changes necessary to ensure an 
adequate number of designated pilot examiners are deployed and available 
to perform their duties. The Committee also shall make recommendations 
with respect to the regulatory and policy changes if necessary to allow 
a designated pilot examiner perform a daily limit of 3 new check rides 
with no limit for partial check rides and to serve as a designed pilot 
examiner without regard to any individual managing office.
    (b) Action Based on Recommendations.--Not later than 1 year after 
receiving recommendations under subsection (a), the Administrator shall 
take such action as the Administrator considers appropriate with respect 
to those recommendations.
SEC. 320. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 note.>>  VOLUNTARY REPORTS OF 
                        OPERATIONAL OR MAINTENANCE ISSUES RELATED 
                        TO AVIATION SAFETY.

    (a) In General.--There shall be a presumption that an individual's 
voluntary report of an operational or maintenance issue related to 
aviation safety under an aviation safety action program meets the 
criteria for acceptance as a valid report under such program.
    (b) Disclaimer Required.--Any dissemination, within the 
participating organization, of a report that was submitted and accepted 
under an aviation safety action program pursuant to the presumption 
under subsection (a), but that has not undergone

[[Page 132 STAT. 3270]]

review by an event review committee, shall be accompanied by a 
disclaimer stating that the report--
            (1) has not been reviewed by an event review committee 
        tasked with reviewing such reports; and
            (2) may subsequently be determined to be ineligible for 
        inclusion in the aviation safety action program.

    (c) Rejection of Report.--
            (1) In general.--A report described under subsection (a) 
        shall be rejected from an aviation safety action program if, 
        after a review of the report, an event review committee tasked 
        with reviewing such report, or the Federal Aviation 
        Administration member of the event review committee in the case 
        that the review committee does not reach consensus, determines 
        that the report fails to meet the criteria for acceptance under 
        such program.
            (2) Protections.--In any case in which a report of an 
        individual described under subsection (a) is rejected under 
        paragraph (1)--
                    (A) the enforcement-related incentive offered to the 
                individual for making such a report shall not apply; and
                    (B) the protection from disclosure of the report 
                itself under section 40123 of title 49, United States 
                Code, shall not apply.
            (3) Aviation safety action program defined.--In this 
        section, the term ``aviation safety action program'' means a 
        program established in accordance with Federal Aviation 
        Administration Advisory Circular 120-66B, issued November 15, 
        2002 (including any similar successor advisory circular), to 
        allow an individual to voluntarily disclose operational or 
        maintenance issues related to aviation safety.
SEC. 321. EVALUATION REGARDING ADDITIONAL GROUND BASED 
                        TRANSMITTERS.

    The Administrator shall conduct an evaluation of providing 
additional ground based transmitters for Automatic Dependent 
Surveillance-Broadcasts (ADS-B) to provide a minimum operational network 
in Alaska along major flight routes.
SEC. 322. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44720 note.>>  IMPROVED SAFETY IN RURAL 
                        AREAS.

    The Administrator shall permit an air carrier operating pursuant to 
part 135 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations, to operate to a 
destination with a published approach, in a noncontiguous State under 
instrument flight rules and conduct an instrument approach without a 
destination Meteorological Aerodrome Report (METAR) if a current Area 
Forecast, supplemented by noncertified local weather observations (such 
as weather cameras and human observations) is available, and an 
alternate airport that has a weather report is specified. The operator 
shall have approved procedures for departure and en route weather 
evaluation.
SEC. 323. EXIT ROWS.

    (a) Review.--The Administrator shall conduct a review of current 
safety procedures regarding unoccupied exit rows on a covered aircraft 
in passenger air transportation during all stages of flight.
    (b) Consultation.--In carrying out the review, the Administrator 
shall consult with air carriers, aviation manufacturers, and labor 
stakeholders.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3271]]

    (c) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees 
of Congress a report on the results of the review.
    (d) Covered Aircraft Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
aircraft'' means an aircraft operating under part 121 of title 14, Code 
of Federal Regulations.
SEC. 324. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON FAA ENFORCEMENT POLICY.

    Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall complete a study, and 
report to the appropriate committees of Congress on the results thereof, 
on the effectiveness of Order 8000.373, Federal Aviation Administration 
Compliance Philosophy, announced on June 26, 2015. Such study shall 
include information about--
            (1) whether reports of safety incidents increased following 
        the order;
            (2) whether reduced enforcement penalties increased the 
        overall number of safety incidents that occurred; and
            (3) whether FAA enforcement staff registered complaints 
        about reduced enforcement reducing compliance with safety 
        regulations.
SEC. 325. ANNUAL SAFETY INCIDENT REPORT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, and annually thereafter for 5 years, the Administrator, 
shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report 
regarding part 121 airline safety oversight.
    (b) Contents.--The annual report shall include--
            (1) a description of the Federal Aviation Administration's 
        safety oversight process to ensure the safety of the traveling 
        public;
            (2) a description of risk-based oversight methods applied to 
        ensure aviation safety, including to specific issues addressed 
        in the year preceding the report that in the determination of 
        the Administrator address safety risk; and
            (3) in the instance of specific reviews of air carrier 
        performance to safety regulations, a description of cases where 
        the timelines for recurrent reviews are advanced.
SEC. 326. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  AIRCRAFT AIR QUALITY.

    (a) Educational Materials.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall, in consultation with 
relevant stakeholders, establish and make available on a publicly 
available Internet website of the Administration, educational materials 
for flight attendants, pilots, and aircraft maintenance technicians on 
how to respond to incidents on board aircraft involving smoke or fumes.
    (b) Reporting of Incidents of Smoke or Fumes on Board Aircraft.--Not 
later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator shall, in consultation with relevant stakeholders, issue 
guidance for flight attendants, pilots, and aircraft maintenance 
technicians to report incidents of smoke or fumes on board an aircraft 
operated by a commercial air carrier and with respect to the basis on 
which commercial air carriers shall report such incidents through the 
Service Difficulty Reporting System.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3272]]

    (c) Research to Develop Techniques to Monitor Bleed Air Quality.--
Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator shall commission a study by the Airliner Cabin Environment 
Research Center of Excellence--
            (1) to identify and measure the constituents and levels of 
        constituents resulting from bleed air in the cabins of a 
        representative set of commercial aircraft in operation of the 
        United States;
            (2) to assess the potential health effects of such 
        constituents on passengers and cabin and flight deck crew;
            (3) to identify technologies suitable to provide reliable 
        and accurate warning of bleed air contamination, including 
        technologies to effectively monitor the aircraft air supply 
        system when the aircraft is in flight; and
            (4) to identify potential techniques to prevent fume events.

    (d) Report Required.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report on the feasibility, efficacy, and cost-
effectiveness of certification and installation of systems to evaluate 
bleed air quality.
    (e) Pilot Program.--The FAA may conduct a pilot program to evaluate 
the effectiveness of technologies identified in subsection (c).
SEC. 327. APPROACH CONTROL RADAR.

    The Administrator shall--
            (1) identify airports that are currently served by FAA 
        towers with nonradar approach and departure control (type 4 
        classification in the Federal Aviation Administration OPSNET); 
        and
            (2) develop an implementation plan, which takes into account 
        budgetary and flight volume considerations, to provide an 
        airport identified under paragraph (1), if appropriate, with 
        approach control radar.
SEC. 328. REPORT ON AIRLINE AND PASSENGER SAFETY.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees 
of Congress a report on airline and passenger safety.
    (b) Contents.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
            (1) the average age of commercial aircraft owned and 
        operated by United States air carriers;
            (2) the over-all use of planes, including average lifetime 
        of commercial aircraft;
            (3) the number of hours aircraft are in flight over the life 
        of the aircraft and the average number of hours on domestic and 
        international flights, respectively;
            (4) the impact of metal fatigue on aircraft usage and 
        safety;
            (5) a review on contractor assisted maintenance of 
        commercial aircraft; and
            (6) a re-evaluation of the rules on inspection of aging 
        airplanes.
SEC. 329. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  PERFORMANCE-BASED 
                        STANDARDS.

    The Administrator shall, to the maximum extent possible and 
consistent with Federal law, and based on input by the public, ensure 
that regulations, guidance, and policies issued by the FAA

[[Page 132 STAT. 3273]]

on and after the date of enactment of this Act are issued in the form of 
performance-based standards, providing an equal or higher level of 
safety.
SEC. 330. REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON CERTAIN AVIATION SAFETY 
                        RISKS.

    Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress 
a report that--
            (1) identifies safety risks associated with power outages at 
        airports caused by weather or other factors, and recommends 
        actions to improve resilience of aviation communication, 
        navigation, and surveillance systems in the event of such 
        outages; and
            (2) reviews alerting mechanisms, devices, and procedures for 
        enhancing the situational awareness of pilots and air traffic 
        controllers in the event of a failure or an irregularity of 
        runway lights, and provides recommendations on the further 
        implementation of such mechanisms, devices, or procedures.
SEC. 331. REVIEW OF FAA'S AVIATION SAFETY INFORMATION ANALYSIS AND 
                        SHARING SYSTEM.

    (a) Audit by Department of Transportation Inspector General.--Not 
later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
inspector general of the Department of Transportation shall initiate a 
follow-up review of the FAA's Aviation Safety Information Analysis and 
Sharing (ASIAS) system to assess FAA's efforts and plans to improve the 
system.
    (b) Review.--The review shall include, at a minimum, an evaluation 
of FAA's efforts to improve the ASIAS system's predictive capabilities 
and solutions developed to more widely disseminate results of ASIAS data 
analyses, as well as an update on previous inspector general 
recommendations to improve this safety analysis and sharing system.
    (c) Report.--The inspector general shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report on the results of the review carried out 
under this section and any recommendations to improve FAA's ASIAS 
system.
SEC. 332. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44706 note.>>  AIRPORT RESCUE AND 
                        FIREFIGHTING.

    (a) Firefighting Foam.--Not later than 3 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator, using the latest version of 
National Fire Protection Association 403, ``Standard for Aircraft Rescue 
and Fire-Fighting Services at Airports'', and in coordination with the 
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, aircraft 
manufacturers and airports, shall not require the use of fluorinated 
chemicals to meet the performance standards referenced in chapter 6 of 
AC No: 150/5210-6D and acceptable under 139.319(l) of title 14, Code of 
Federal Regulations.
    (b) Training Facilities.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress--
            (1) a report on the number and sufficiency of aircraft 
        rescue and firefighting training facilities in each FAA region; 
        and
            (2) a plan, if appropriate, to address any coverage gaps 
        identified in the report.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3274]]

SEC. 333. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 note.>>  SAFE AIR TRANSPORTATION OF 
                        LITHIUM CELLS AND BATTERIES.

    (a) Harmonization With ICAO Technical Instructions.--
            (1) Adoption of icao instructions.--
                    (A) In general.--Pursuant to section 828 of the FAA 
                Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 44701 
                note), not later than 90 days after the date of 
                enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation 
                shall conform United States regulations on the air 
                transport of lithium cells and batteries with the 
                lithium cells and battery requirements in the 2015-2016 
                edition of the International Civil Aviation 
                Organization's (referred to in this subsection as 
                ``ICAO'') Technical Instructions (to include all 
                addenda), including the revised standards adopted by 
                ICAO which became effective on April 1, 2016 and any 
                further revisions adopted by ICAO prior to the effective 
                date of the FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018.
                    (B) Further proceedings.--Beginning on the date the 
                revised regulations under subparagraph (A) are published 
                in the Federal Register, any lithium cell and battery 
                rulemaking action or update commenced on or after that 
                date shall continue to comply with the requirements 
                under section 828 of the FAA Modernization and Reform 
                Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 44701 note).
            (2) Review of other regulations.--Pursuant to section 828 of 
        the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 44701 
        note), the Secretary of Transportation may initiate a review of 
        other existing regulations regarding the air transportation, 
        including passenger-carrying and cargo aircraft, of lithium 
        batteries and cells.

    (b) Medical Device Batteries.--
            (1) In general.--For United States applicants, the Secretary 
        of Transportation shall consider and either grant or deny, not 
        later than 45 days after receipt of an application, an 
        application submitted in compliance with part 107 of title 49, 
        Code of Federal Regulations, for special permits or approvals 
        for air transportation of lithium ion cells or batteries 
        specifically used by medical devices. Not later than 30 days 
        after the date of application, the Pipeline and Hazardous 
        Materials Safety Administration shall provide a draft special 
        permit to the Federal Aviation Administration based on the 
        application. The Federal Aviation Administration shall conduct 
        an on-site inspection for issuance of the special permit not 
        later than 20 days after the date of receipt of the draft 
        special permit from the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety 
        Administration.
            (2) Limited exceptions to restrictions on air transportation 
        of medical device batteries.--The Secretary shall issue limited 
        exceptions to the restrictions on transportation of lithium ion 
        and lithium metal batteries to allow the shipment on a passenger 
        aircraft of not more than 2 replacement batteries specifically 
        used for a medical device if--
                    (A) the intended destination of the batteries is not 
                serviced daily by cargo aircraft if a battery is 
                required for medically necessary care; and
                    (B) with regard to a shipper of lithium ion or 
                lithium metal batteries for medical devices that cannot 
                comply

[[Page 132 STAT. 3275]]

                with a charge limitation in place at the time, each 
                battery is--
                          (i) individually packed in an inner packaging 
                      that completely encloses the battery;
                          (ii) placed in a rigid outer packaging; and
                          (iii) protected to prevent a short circuit.
            (3) Medial device defined.--ln this subsection, the term 
        ``medical device'' means an instrument, apparatus, implement, 
        machine, contrivance, implant, or in vitro reagent, including 
        any component, part, or accessory thereof, which is intended for 
        use in the diagnosis of disease or other conditions, or in the 
        cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease, of a 
        person.
            (4) Savings clause.--Nothing in this subsection shall be 
        construed as expanding or constricting any other authority the 
        Secretary of Transportation has under section 828 of the FAA 
        Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 44701 note).

    (c) Lithium Battery Safety Working Group.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall 
        establish a lithium battery safety working group (referred to as 
        the ``working group'' in this section) to promote and coordinate 
        efforts related to the promotion of the safe manufacture, use, 
        and transportation of lithium batteries and cells.
            (2) Duties.--The working group shall coordinate and 
        facilitate the transfer of knowledge and expertise among the 
        following Federal agencies:
                    (A) The Department of Transportation.
                    (B) The Consumer Product Safety Commission.
                    (C) The National Institute on Standards and 
                Technology.
                    (D) The Food and Drug Administration.
            (3) Members.--The Secretary shall appoint not more than 8 
        members to the working group with expertise in the safe 
        manufacture, use, or transportation of lithium batteries and 
        cells.
            (4) Subcommittees.--The Secretary, or members of the working 
        group, may--
                    (A) establish working group subcommittees to focus 
                on specific issues related to the safe manufacture, use, 
                or transportation of lithium batteries and cells; and
                    (B) include in a subcommittee the participation of 
                nonmember stakeholders with expertise in areas that the 
                Secretary or members consider necessary.
            (5) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date it is 
        established, the working group shall--
                    (A) identify and assess--
                          (i) additional ways to decrease the risk of 
                      fires and explosions from lithium batteries and 
                      cells;
                          (ii) additional ways to ensure uniform 
                      transportation requirements for both bulk and 
                      individual batteries; and
                          (iii) new or existing technologies that may 
                      reduce the fire and explosion risk of lithium 
                      batteries and cells; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3276]]

                    (B) transmit to the appropriate committees of 
                Congress a report on the assessments conducted under 
                subparagraph (A), including any legislative 
                recommendations to effectuate the safety improvements 
                described in clauses (i) through (iii) of that 
                subparagraph.
            (6) Termination.--The working group, and any working group 
        subcommittees, shall terminate 90 days after the date the report 
        is transmitted under paragraph (5).

    (d) Lithium Battery Air Safety Advisory Committee.--
            (1) Establishment.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish, in 
        accordance with the requirements of the Federal Advisory 
        Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.), a lithium ion and lithium metal 
        battery air safety advisory committee (in this subsection 
        referred to as the ``Committee'').
            (2) Duties.--The Committee shall--
                    (A) facilitate communication between manufacturers 
                of lithium ion and lithium metal cells and batteries, 
                manufacturers of products incorporating both large and 
                small lithium ion and lithium metal batteries, air 
                carriers, and the Federal Government regarding the safe 
                air transportation of lithium ion and lithium metal 
                cells and batteries and the effectiveness and economic 
                and social impacts of the regulation of such 
                transportation;
                    (B) provide the Secretary, the Federal Aviation 
                Administration, and the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials 
                Safety Administration with timely information about new 
                lithium ion and lithium metal battery technology and 
                transportation safety practices and methodologies;
                    (C) provide a forum for the Secretary to provide 
                information on and to discuss the activities of the 
                Department of Transportation relating to lithium ion and 
                lithium metal battery transportation safety, the 
                policies underlying the activities, and positions to be 
                advocated in international forums;
                    (D) provide a forum for the Secretary to provide 
                information and receive advice on--
                          (i) activities carried out throughout the 
                      world to communicate and enforce relevant United 
                      States regulations and the ICAO Technical 
                      Instructions; and
                          (ii) the effectiveness of the activities;
                    (E) provide advice and recommendations to the 
                Secretary with respect to lithium ion and lithium metal 
                battery air transportation safety, including how best to 
                implement activities to increase awareness of relevant 
                requirements and their importance to travelers and 
                shippers; and
                    (F) review methods to decrease the risk posed by air 
                shipment of undeclared hazardous materials and efforts 
                to educate those who prepare and offer hazardous 
                materials for shipment via air transport.
            (3) Membership.--The Committee shall be composed of the 
        following members:
                    (A) Individuals appointed by the Secretary to 
                represent--
                          (i) large volume manufacturers of lithium ion 
                      and lithium metal cells and batteries;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3277]]

                          (ii) domestic manufacturers of lithium ion and 
                      lithium metal batteries or battery packs;
                          (iii) manufacturers of consumer products 
                      powered by lithium ion and lithium metal 
                      batteries;
                          (iv) manufacturers of vehicles powered by 
                      lithium ion and lithium metal batteries;
                          (v) marketers of products powered by lithium 
                      ion and lithium metal batteries;
                          (vi) cargo air service providers based in the 
                      United States;
                          (vii) passenger air service providers based in 
                      the United States;
                          (viii) pilots and employees of air service 
                      providers described in clauses (vi) and (vii);
                          (ix) shippers of lithium ion and lithium metal 
                      batteries for air transportation;
                          (x) manufacturers of battery-powered medical 
                      devices or batteries used in medical devices; and
                          (xi) employees of the Department of 
                      Transportation, including employees of the Federal 
                      Aviation Administration and the Pipeline and 
                      Hazardous Materials Safety Administration.
                    (B) Representatives of such other Government 
                departments and agencies as the Secretary determines 
                appropriate.
                    (C) Any other individuals the Secretary determines 
                are appropriate to comply with Federal law.
            (4) Report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
                establishment of the Committee, the Committee shall 
                submit to the Secretary and the appropriate committees 
                of Congress a report that--
                          (i) describes and evaluates the steps being 
                      taken in the private sector and by international 
                      regulatory authorities to implement and enforce 
                      requirements relating to the safe transportation 
                      by air of bulk shipments of lithium ion cells and 
                      batteries; and
                          (ii) identifies any areas of enforcement or 
                      regulatory requirements for which there is 
                      consensus that greater attention is needed.
                    (B) Independent statements.--Each member of the 
                Committee shall be provided an opportunity to submit an 
                independent statement of views with the report submitted 
                pursuant to subparagraph (A).
            (5) Meetings.--
                    (A) In general.--The Committee shall meet at the 
                direction of the Secretary and at least twice a year.
                    (B) Preparation for icao meetings.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall convene a meeting 
                of the Committee in connection with and in advance of 
                each meeting of the International Civil Aviation 
                Organization, or any of its panels or working groups, 
                addressing the safety of air transportation of lithium 
                ion and lithium metal batteries to brief Committee 
                members on positions to be taken by the United States at 
                such meeting and provide Committee members a meaningful 
                opportunity to comment.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3278]]

            (6) Termination.--The Committee shall terminate on the date 
        that is 6 years after the date on which the Committee is 
        established.
            (7) Termination of future of aviation advisory committee.--
        The Future of Aviation Advisory Committee shall terminate on the 
        date on which the lithium ion battery air safety advisory 
        committee is established.

    (e) Cooperative Efforts to Ensure Compliance With Safety 
Regulations.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Transportation, in 
        coordination with appropriate Federal agencies, shall carry out 
        cooperative efforts to ensure that shippers who offer lithium 
        ion and lithium metal batteries for air transport to or from the 
        United States comply with U.S. Hazardous Materials Regulations 
        and ICAO Technical Instructions.
            (2) Cooperative efforts.--The cooperative efforts the 
        Secretary shall carry out pursuant to paragraph (1) include the 
        following:
                    (A) Encouraging training programs at locations 
                outside the United States from which substantial cargo 
                shipments of lithium ion or lithium metal batteries 
                originate for manufacturers, freight forwarders, and 
                other shippers and potential shippers of lithium ion and 
                lithium metal batteries.
                    (B) Working with Federal, regional, and 
                international transportation agencies to ensure 
                enforcement of U.S. Hazardous Materials Regulations and 
                ICAO Technical Instructions with respect to shippers who 
                offer noncompliant shipments of lithium ion and lithium 
                metal batteries.
                    (C) Sharing information, as appropriate, with 
                Federal, regional, and international transportation 
                agencies regarding noncompliant shipments.
                    (D) Pursuing a joint effort with the international 
                aviation community to develop a process to obtain 
                assurances that appropriate enforcement actions are 
                taken to reduce the likelihood of noncompliant 
                shipments, especially with respect to jurisdictions in 
                which enforcement activities historically have been 
                limited.
                    (E) Providing information in brochures and on the 
                internet in appropriate foreign languages and dialects 
                that describes the actions required to comply with U.S. 
                Hazardous Materials Regulations and ICAO Technical 
                Instructions.
                    (F) Developing joint efforts with the international 
                aviation community to promote a better understanding of 
                the requirements of and methods of compliance with U.S. 
                Hazardous Materials Regulations and ICAO Technical 
                Instructions.
            (3) Reporting.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter for 2 years, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress 
        a report on compliance with the policy set forth in subsection 
        (e) and the cooperative efforts carried out, or planned to be 
        carried out, under this subsection.

    (f) Packaging Improvements.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with interested 
stakeholders, shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress an 
evaluation of current practices for the

[[Page 132 STAT. 3279]]

packaging of lithium ion batteries and cells for air transportation, 
including recommendations, if any, to improve the packaging of such 
batteries and cells for air transportation in a safe, efficient, and 
cost-effective manner.
    (g) Department of Transportation Policy on International 
Representation.--
            (1) In general.--It shall be the policy of the Department of 
        Transportation to support the participation of industry and 
        labor stakeholders in all panels and working groups of the 
        dangerous goods panel of the ICAO and any other international 
        test or standard setting organization that considers proposals 
        on the safety or transportation of lithium ion and lithium metal 
        batteries in which the United States participates.
            (2) Participation.--The Secretary of Transportation shall 
        request that as part of the ICAO deliberations in the dangerous 
        goods panel on these issues, that appropriate experts on issues 
        under consideration be allowed to participate.

    (h) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
            (1) ICAO technical instructions.--The term ``ICAO Technical 
        Instructions'' has the meaning given that term in section 828(c) 
        of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 44701 
        note).
            (2) U.S. hazardous materials regulations.--The term ``U.S. 
        Hazardous Materials Regulations'' means the regulations in parts 
        100 through 177 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations 
        (including amendments adopted after the date of enactment of 
        this Act).
SEC. 334. RUNWAY SAFETY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report on improving runway safety.
    (b) Contents.--In the report required under this section, the 
Administrator shall--
            (1) review the relative benefits and risks of requiring the 
        use of runway awareness and advisory systems in turbine-powered 
        airplanes with a maximum takeoff weight greater than 19,000 
        pounds;
            (2) review systems capable of detecting wrong-surface 
        alignment to determine whether the capability exists to detect 
        imminent wrong-surface landings at each airport where such a 
        system is in use;
            (3) describe information gathered from the use of the 
        Airport Surface Surveillance Capability system at San Francisco 
        International Airport since July 2017;
            (4) assess available technologies to determine whether it is 
        feasible, cost-effective, and appropriate to install and deploy, 
        at any airport, systems to provide a direct warning capability 
        to flight crews or air traffic controllers, or both, of 
        potential runway incursions; and
            (5) describe FAA efforts to develop metrics that would allow 
        the FAA to determine whether runway incursions are increasing 
        and to assess the effectiveness of implemented runway safety 
        initiatives.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3280]]

    (c) Consultation.--The Administrator shall consult with the National 
Transportation Safety Board in developing the report required under this 
section.
SEC. 335. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 note.>>  FLIGHT ATTENDANT DUTY 
                        PERIOD LIMITATIONS AND REST REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Modification of Final Rule.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall 
        modify the final rule of the Federal Aviation Administration 
        published in the Federal Register on August 19, 1994 (59 Fed. 
        Reg. 42974; relating to flight attendant duty period limitations 
        and rest requirements) in accordance with the requirements of 
        this subsection.
            (2) Contents.--The final rule, as modified under paragraph 
        (1), shall ensure that--
                    (A) a flight attendant scheduled to a duty period of 
                14 hours or less is given a scheduled rest period of at 
                least 10 consecutive hours; and
                    (B) the rest period is not reduced under any 
                circumstances.

    (b) Fatigue Risk Management Plan.--
            (1) Submission of plan by part 121 air carriers.--Not later 
        than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, each air 
        carrier operating under part 121 of title 14, Code of Federal 
        Regulations (in this section referred to as a ``part 121 air 
        carrier''), shall submit to the Administrator of the Federal 
        Aviation Administration for review and acceptance a fatigue risk 
        management plan for the carrier's flight attendants.
            (2) Contents of plan.--A fatigue risk management plan 
        submitted by a part 121 air carrier under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) Current flight time and duty period limitations.
                    (B) A rest scheme consistent with such limitations 
                that enables the management of flight attendant fatigue, 
                including annual training to increase awareness of--
                          (i) fatigue;
                          (ii) the effects of fatigue on flight 
                      attendants; and
                          (iii) fatigue countermeasures.
                    (C) Development and use of a methodology that 
                continually assesses the effectiveness of implementation 
                of the plan, including the ability of the plan--
                          (i) to improve alertness; and
                          (ii) to mitigate performance errors.
            (3) Review.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall review and accept 
        or reject each fatigue risk management plan submitted under this 
        subsection. If the Administrator rejects a plan, the 
        Administrator shall provide suggested modifications for 
        resubmission of the plan.
            (4) Plan updates.--
                    (A) In general.--A part 121 air carrier shall update 
                its fatigue risk management plan under paragraph (1) 
                every 2 years and submit the update to the Administrator 
                for review and acceptance.
                    (B) Review.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
                submission of a plan update under subparagraph (A),

[[Page 132 STAT. 3281]]

                the Administrator shall review and accept or reject the 
                update. If the Administrator rejects an update, the 
                Administrator shall provide suggested modifications for 
                resubmission of the update.
            (5) Compliance.--A part 121 air carrier shall comply with 
        the fatigue risk management plan of the air carrier that is 
        accepted by the Administrator under this subsection.
            (6) Civil penalties.--A violation of this subsection by a 
        part 121 air carrier shall be treated as a violation of chapter 
        447 of title 49, United States Code, for purposes of the 
        application of civil penalties under chapter 463 of that title.
SEC. 336. <<NOTE: Saracini Aviation Safety Act of 2018.>>  
                        SECONDARY COCKPIT BARRIERS.

    (a) <<NOTE: 49 USC 44903 note.>>  Short Title.--This section may be 
cited as the ``Saracini Aviation Safety Act of 2018''.

    (b) Requirement.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
Administration shall issue an order requiring installation of a 
secondary cockpit barrier on each new aircraft that is manufactured for 
delivery to a passenger air carrier in the United States operating under 
the provisions of part 121 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations.
SEC. 337. AIRCRAFT CABIN EVACUATION PROCEDURES.

    (a) Review.--The Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
Administration shall review--
            (1) evacuation certification of transport-category aircraft 
        used in air transportation, with regard to--
                    (A) emergency conditions, including impacts into 
                water;
                    (B) crew procedures used for evacuations under 
                actual emergency conditions;
                    (C) any relevant changes to passenger demographics 
                and legal requirements, including the Americans with 
                Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.), that 
                affect emergency evacuations; and
                    (D) any relevant changes to passenger seating 
                configurations, including changes to seat width, 
                padding, reclining, size, pitch, leg room, and aisle 
                width; and
            (2) recent accidents and incidents in which passengers 
        evacuated such aircraft.

    (b) Consultation; Review of Data.--In conducting the review under 
subsection (a), the Administrator shall--
            (1) consult with the National Transportation Safety Board, 
        transport-category aircraft manufacturers, air carriers, and 
        other relevant experts and Federal agencies, including groups 
        representing passengers, airline crew members, maintenance 
        employees, and emergency responders; and
            (2) review relevant data with respect to evacuation 
        certification of transport-category aircraft.

    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report on the results of the review under 
subsection (a) and related recommendations, if any, including 
recommendations for revisions to the assumptions and methods used for 
assessing evacuation certification of transport-category aircraft.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3282]]

SEC. 338. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) each air carrier should have in place policies and 
        procedures to address sexual misconduct, including policies and 
        procedures to--
                    (B) facilitate the reporting of sexual misconduct to 
                appropriate law enforcement agencies;
                    (C) communicate to personnel and passengers of the 
                air carrier the rights of such individuals with respect 
                to sexual misconduct;
                    (D) train personnel of the air carrier to recognize 
                and respond appropriately to, and to notify the 
                appropriate law enforcement agency of, sexual 
                misconduct; and
                    (E) ensure other appropriate actions are undertaken 
                to respond effectively to sexual misconduct; and
            (2) individuals who perpetrate sexual misconduct should be 
        held accountable under all applicable Federal and State laws.
SEC. 339. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44903 note.>>  CIVIL PENALTIES FOR 
                        INTERFERENCE.

    (a) Interference With Cabin or Flight Crew.--Section 46318(a) of 
title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``or sexually'' after ``physically'' each 
        place it appears; and
            (2) by striking ``$25,000'' and inserting ``$35,000''.
SEC. 339A. NATIONAL IN-FLIGHT SEXUAL MISCONDUCT TASK FORCE.

    (a) Establishment of Task Force.--The Secretary of Transportation 
shall establish a task force, to be known as the ``National In-Flight 
Sexual Misconduct Task Force'' (referred to in this section as ``Task 
Force'') to--
            (1) review current practices, protocols and requirements of 
        air carriers in responding to allegations of sexual misconduct 
        by passengers onboard aircraft, including training, reporting 
        and data collection; and
            (2) provide recommendations on training, reporting and data 
        collection regarding allegations of sexual misconduct occurring 
        on passenger airline flights that are informed by the review of 
        information described in paragraph (1) and subsection (c)(5) on 
        passengers who have experienced sexual misconduct onboard 
        aircraft.

    (b) Membership.--The Task Force shall be composed of, at a minimum, 
representatives from--
            (1) Department of Transportation;
            (2) Department of Justice, including the Federal Bureau of 
        Investigation, Office of Victims for Crimes, and the Office on 
        Violence Against Women;
            (3) National organizations that specialize in providing 
        services to sexual assault victims;
            (4) labor organizations that represent flight attendants;
            (5) labor organizations that represent pilots;
            (6) airports;
            (7) air carriers;
            (8) State and local law enforcement agencies; and
            (9) such other Federal agencies and stakeholder 
        organizations as the Secretary of Transportation considers 
        appropriate.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3283]]

    (c) Purpose of Task Force.--The purpose of the Task Force shall be 
to--
            (1) issue recommendations for addressing allegations of 
        sexual misconduct by passengers onboard aircraft, including 
        airline employee and contractor training;
            (2) issue recommendations on effective ways for passengers 
        involved in incidents of alleged sexual misconduct to report 
        such allegation of sexual misconduct;
            (3) issue recommendations on how to most effectively provide 
        data on instances of alleged sexual misconduct onboard aircraft 
        and to whom the data collected should be reported in a manner 
        that protects the privacy and confidentiality of individuals 
        involved in incidents of alleged sexual misconduct and precludes 
        the release of data that publically identifies an individual air 
        carrier to enable better understanding of the frequency and 
        severity of such misconduct;
            (4) issue recommendations for flight attendants, pilots, and 
        other appropriate airline personnel on law enforcement 
        notification in incidents of alleged sexual misconduct;
            (5) review and utilize first-hand accounts from passengers 
        who have experienced sexual misconduct onboard aircraft; and
            (6) other matters deemed necessary by the Task Force.

    (d) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Task Force shall submit a report with its recommendations 
and findings developed pursuant to subsection (c) to the Secretary of 
Transportation.
    (e) Plan.--Not later than 180 days after receiving the report 
required under subsection (d) the Secretary of Transportation, in 
coordination with relevant federal agencies, shall submit to appropriate 
committees of Congress a plan to address the recommendations in the 
report required under subsection (d). The Secretary of Transportation 
shall make changes to guidance, policies and regulations, as necessary, 
within 1 year of submitting the plan required in this subsection.
    (f) Regulations.--Not later than 1 year after submitting the plan 
required in this subsection, the Secretary of Transportation may issue 
regulations as deemed necessary to require each air carrier and other 
covered entity to develop a policy concerning sexual misconduct in 
accordance with the recommendations and findings of the Task Force under 
subsection (c).
    (g) Sunset.--The Task Force established pursuant to subsection (a) 
shall terminate upon the submission of the report pursuant to subsection 
(d).
SEC. 339B. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44903 note.>>  REPORTING PROCESS FOR 
                          SEXUAL MISCONDUCT ONBOARD AIRCRAFT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than two years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Attorney General, in coordination with 
relevant Federal agencies, shall establish a streamlined process, based 
on the plan required under section 339A(e) of this Act, for individuals 
involved in incidents of alleged sexual misconduct onboard aircraft to 
report such allegations of sexual misconduct to law enforcement in a 
manner that protects the privacy and confidentiality of individuals 
involved in such allegations.
    (b) Availability of Reporting Process.--The process for reporting 
established under subsection (a) shall be made available to the public 
on the primary Internet websites of--

[[Page 132 STAT. 3284]]

            (1) the Office for Victims of Crime and the Office on 
        Violence Against Women of the Department of Justice;
            (2) the Federal Bureau of Investigation; and
            (3) the Department of Transportation.

                  Subtitle B--Unmanned Aircraft Systems

SEC. 341. DEFINITIONS; INTEGRATION OF CIVIL UNMANNED AIRCRAFT 
                        SYSTEMS INTO NATIONAL AIRSPACE SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--Part A of subtitle VII of title 49, United States 
Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC 44801 prec.>>  is amended by inserting after 
chapter 447 the following:

                ``CHAPTER 448--UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS

``Sec.
``44801. Definitions.
``44802. Integration of civil unmanned aircraft systems into national 
           airspace system.

``Sec. 44801. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44801.>>  Definitions

    ``In this chapter, the following definitions apply:
            ``(1) Actively tethered unmanned aircraft system.--The term 
        `actively tethered unmanned aircraft system' means an unmanned 
        aircraft system in which the unmanned aircraft component--
                    ``(A) weighs 4.4 pounds or less, including payload 
                but not including the tether;
                    ``(B) is physically attached to a ground station 
                with a taut, appropriately load-rated tether that 
                provides continuous power to the unmanned aircraft and 
                is unlikely to be separated from the unmanned aircraft; 
                and
                    ``(C) is controlled and retrieved by such ground 
                station through physical manipulation of the tether.
            ``(2) Appropriate committees of congress.--The term 
        `appropriate committees of Congress' means the Committee on 
        Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the 
        Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives.
            ``(3) Arctic.--The term `Arctic' means the United States 
        zone of the Chukchi Sea, Beaufort Sea, and Bering Sea north of 
        the Aleutian chain.
            ``(4) Certificate of waiver; certificate of authorization.--
        The terms `certificate of waiver' and `certificate of 
        authorization' mean a Federal Aviation Administration grant of 
        approval for a specific flight operation.
            ``(5) Counter-UAS system.--The term `counter-UAS system' 
        means a system or device capable of lawfully and safely 
        disabling, disrupting, or seizing control of an unmanned 
        aircraft or unmanned aircraft system.
            ``(6) Permanent areas.--The term `permanent areas' means 
        areas on land or water that provide for launch, recovery, and 
        operation of small unmanned aircraft.
            ``(7) Public unmanned aircraft system.--The term `public 
        unmanned aircraft system' means an unmanned aircraft system

[[Page 132 STAT. 3285]]

        that meets the qualifications and conditions required for 
        operation of a public aircraft.
            ``(8) Sense and avoid capability.--The term `sense and avoid 
        capability' means the capability of an unmanned aircraft to 
        remain a safe distance from and to avoid collisions with other 
        airborne aircraft, structures on the ground, and other objects.
            ``(9) Small unmanned aircraft.--The term `small unmanned 
        aircraft' means an unmanned aircraft weighing less than 55 
        pounds, including the weight of anything attached to or carried 
        by the aircraft.
            ``(10) Test range.--The term `test range' means a defined 
        geographic area where research and development are conducted as 
        authorized by the Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
        Administration, and includes any of the 6 test ranges 
        established by the Administrator under section 332(c) of the FAA 
        Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 40101 note), as 
        in effect on the day before the date of enactment of the FAA 
        Reauthorization Act of 2018, and any public entity authorized by 
        the Federal Aviation Administration as an unmanned aircraft 
        system flight test center before January 1, 2009.
            ``(11) Unmanned aircraft.--The term `unmanned aircraft' 
        means an aircraft that is operated without the possibility of 
        direct human intervention from within or on the aircraft.
            ``(12) Unmanned aircraft system.--The term `unmanned 
        aircraft system' means an unmanned aircraft and associated 
        elements (including communication links and the components that 
        control the unmanned aircraft) that are required for the 
        operator to operate safely and efficiently in the national 
        airspace system.
            ``(13) UTM.--The term `UTM' means an unmanned aircraft 
        system traffic management system or service.
``Sec. 44802. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44802.>>  Integration of civil 
                    unmanned aircraft systems into national 
                    airspace system

    ``(a) Required Planning for Integration.--
            ``(1) Comprehensive plan.--Not later than November 10, 2012, 
        the Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with 
        representatives of the aviation industry, Federal agencies that 
        employ unmanned aircraft systems technology in the national 
        airspace system, and the unmanned aircraft systems industry, 
        shall develop a comprehensive plan to safely accelerate the 
        integration of civil unmanned aircraft systems into the national 
        airspace system.
            ``(2) Contents of plan.--The plan required under paragraph 
        (1) shall contain, at a minimum, recommendations or projections 
        on--
                    ``(A) the rulemaking to be conducted under 
                subsection (b), with specific recommendations on how the 
                rulemaking will--
                          ``(i) define the acceptable standards for 
                      operation and certification of civil unmanned 
                      aircraft systems;
                          ``(ii) ensure that any civil unmanned aircraft 
                      system includes a sense-and-avoid capability; and
                          ``(iii) establish standards and requirements 
                      for the operator and pilot of a civil unmanned 
                      aircraft system, including standards and 
                      requirements for registration and licensing;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3286]]

                    ``(B) the best methods to enhance the technologies 
                and subsystems necessary to achieve the safe and routine 
                operation of civil unmanned aircraft systems in the 
                national airspace system;
                    ``(C) a phased-in approach to the integration of 
                civil unmanned aircraft systems into the national 
                airspace system;
                    ``(D) a timeline for the phased-in approach 
                described under subparagraph (C);
                    ``(E) creation of a safe airspace designation for 
                cooperative manned and unmanned flight operations in the 
                national airspace system;
                    ``(F) establishment of a process to develop 
                certification, flight standards, and air traffic 
                requirements for civil unmanned aircraft systems at test 
                ranges where such systems are subject to testing;
                    ``(G) the best methods to ensure the safe operation 
                of civil unmanned aircraft systems and public unmanned 
                aircraft systems simultaneously in the national airspace 
                system; and
                    ``(H) incorporation of the plan into the annual 
                NextGen Implementation Plan document (or any successor 
                document) of the Federal Aviation Administration.
            ``(3) Deadline.--The plan required under paragraph (1) shall 
        provide for the safe integration of civil unmanned aircraft 
        systems into the national airspace system as soon as 
        practicable, but not later than September 30, 2015.
            ``(4) Report to congress.--Not later than February 14, 2013, 
        the Secretary shall submit to Congress a copy of the plan 
        required under paragraph (1).
            ``(5) Roadmap.--Not later than February 14, 2013, the 
        Secretary shall approve and make available in print and on the 
        Administration's internet website a 5-year roadmap for the 
        introduction of civil unmanned aircraft systems into the 
        national airspace system, as coordinated by the Unmanned 
        Aircraft Program Office of the Administration. The Secretary 
        shall update, in coordination with the Administrator of the 
        National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and 
        relevant stakeholders, including those in industry and academia, 
        the roadmap annually. The roadmap shall include, at a minimum--
                    ``(A) cost estimates, planned schedules, and 
                performance benchmarks, including specific tasks, 
                milestones, and timelines, for unmanned aircraft systems 
                integration into the national airspace system, including 
                an identification of--
                          ``(i) the role of the unmanned aircraft 
                      systems test ranges established under subsection 
                      (c) and the Unmanned Aircraft Systems Center of 
                      Excellence;
                          ``(ii) performance objectives for unmanned 
                      aircraft systems that operate in the national 
                      airspace system; and
                          ``(iii) research and development priorities 
                      for tools that could assist air traffic 
                      controllers as unmanned aircraft systems are 
                      integrated into the national airspace system, as 
                      appropriate;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3287]]

                    ``(B) a description of how the Administration plans 
                to use research and development, including research and 
                development conducted through NASA's Unmanned Aircraft 
                Systems Traffic Management initiatives, to accommodate, 
                integrate, and provide for the evolution of unmanned 
                aircraft systems in the national airspace system;
                    ``(C) an assessment of critical performance 
                abilities necessary to integrate unmanned aircraft 
                systems into the national airspace system, and how these 
                performance abilities can be demonstrated; and
                    ``(D) an update on the advancement of technologies 
                needed to integrate unmanned aircraft systems into the 
                national airspace system, including decisionmaking by 
                adaptive systems, such as sense-and-avoid capabilities 
                and cyber physical systems security.

    ``(b) Rulemaking.--Not later than 18 months after the date on which 
the plan required under subsection (a)(1) is submitted to Congress under 
subsection (a)(4), the Secretary shall publish in the Federal Register--
            ``(1) a final rule on small unmanned aircraft systems that 
        will allow for civil operation of such systems in the national 
        airspace system, to the extent the systems do not meet the 
        requirements for expedited operational authorization under 
        section 44807;
            ``(2) a notice of proposed rulemaking to implement the 
        recommendations of the plan required under subsection (a)(1), 
        with the final rule to be published not later than 16 months 
        after the date of publication of the notice; and
            ``(3) an update to the Administration's most recent policy 
        statement on unmanned aircraft systems, contained in Docket No. 
        FAA-2006-25714.''.

    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Table of chapters.--The table of chapters for subtitle 
        VII of title 49, United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC 44801 
        prec.>>  is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
        chapter 447 the following:

``448 . Unmanned aircraft systems...............................44801''.

            (2) Repeal.--Section 332 of the FAA Modernization and Reform 
        Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 40101 note) and the item relating to that 
        section in the table of contents under section 1(b) of that Act 
        are repealed.
SEC. 342. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44802 note.>>  UPDATE OF FAA 
                        COMPREHENSIVE PLAN.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 270 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall update the 
comprehensive plan described in section 44802 of title 49, United States 
Code, to develop a concept of operations for the integration of unmanned 
aircraft into the national airspace system.
    (b) Considerations.--In carrying out the update under subsection 
(a), the Secretary shall consider, at a minimum--
            (1) the potential use of UTM and other technologies to 
        ensure the safe and lawful operation of unmanned aircraft in the 
        national airspace system;
            (2) the appropriate roles, responsibilities, and authorities 
        of government agencies and the private sector in identifying and 
        reporting unlawful or harmful operations and operators of 
        unmanned aircraft;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3288]]

            (3) the use of models, threat assessments, probabilities, 
        and other methods to distinguish between lawful and unlawful 
        operations of unmanned aircraft; and
            (4) appropriate systems, training, intergovernmental 
        processes, protocols, and procedures to mitigate risks and 
        hazards posed by unlawful or harmful operations of unmanned 
        aircraft systems.

    (c) Consultation.--The Secretary shall carry out the update under 
subsection (a) in consultation with representatives of the aviation 
industry, Federal agencies that employ unmanned aircraft systems 
technology in the national airspace system, and the unmanned aircraft 
systems industry.
    (d) Program Alignment Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress, a report that describes a strategy to--
            (1) avoid duplication;
            (2) leverage capabilities learned across programs;
            (3) support the safe integration of UAS into the national 
        airspace; and
            (4) systematically and timely implement or execute--
                    (A) commercially-operated Low Altitude Authorization 
                and Notification Capability;
                    (B) the Unmanned Aircraft System Integration Pilot 
                Program; and
                    (C) the Unmanned Traffic Management Pilot Program.
SEC. 343. UNMANNED AIRCRAFT TEST RANGES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 448 of title 49, United States Code, as 
added by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:
``Sec. 44803. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44803.>>  Unmanned aircraft test 
                    ranges

    ``(a) In General.--The Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
Administration shall carry out and update, as appropriate, a program for 
the use of the test ranges to facilitate the safe integration of 
unmanned aircraft systems into the national airspace system.
    ``(b) Program Requirements.--In carrying out the program under 
subsection (a), the Administrator shall--
            ``(1) designate airspace for safely testing the integration 
        of unmanned flight operations in the national airspace system;
            ``(2) develop operational standards and air traffic 
        requirements for unmanned flight operations at test ranges;
            ``(3) coordinate with, and leverage the resources of, the 
        National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the Department 
        of Defense;
            ``(4) address both civil and public unmanned aircraft 
        systems;
            ``(5) ensure that the program is coordinated with relevant 
        aspects of the Next Generation Air Transportation System;
            ``(6) provide for verification of the safety of unmanned 
        aircraft systems and related navigation procedures as it relates 
        to continued development of standards for integration into the 
        national airspace system;
            ``(7) engage test range operators, as necessary and within 
        available resources, in projects for research, development,

[[Page 132 STAT. 3289]]

        testing, and evaluation of unmanned aircraft systems to 
        facilitate the Federal Aviation Administration's development of 
        standards for the safe integration of unmanned aircraft into the 
        national airspace system, which may include solutions for--
                    ``(A) developing and enforcing geographic and 
                altitude limitations;
                    ``(B) providing for alerts by the manufacturer of an 
                unmanned aircraft system regarding any hazards or 
                limitations on flight, including prohibition on flight 
                as necessary;
                    ``(C) sense and avoid capabilities;
                    ``(D) beyond-visual-line-of-sight operations, 
                nighttime operations, operations over people, operation 
                of multiple small unmanned aircraft systems, and 
                unmanned aircraft systems traffic management, or other 
                critical research priorities; and
                    ``(E) improving privacy protections through the use 
                of advances in unmanned aircraft systems technology;
            ``(8) coordinate periodically with all test range operators 
        to ensure test range operators know which data should be 
        collected, what procedures should be followed, and what research 
        would advance efforts to safely integrate unmanned aircraft 
        systems into the national airspace system;
            ``(9) streamline to the extent practicable the approval 
        process for test ranges when processing unmanned aircraft 
        certificates of waiver or authorization for operations at the 
        test sites;
            ``(10) require each test range operator to protect 
        proprietary technology, sensitive data, or sensitive research of 
        any civil or private entity when using that test range without 
        the need to obtain an experimental or special airworthiness 
        certificate;
            ``(11) allow test range operators to receive Federal 
        funding, other than from the Federal Aviation Administration, 
        including in-kind contributions, from test range participants in 
        the furtherance of research, development, and testing 
        objectives.

    ``(c) Waivers.--In carrying out this section the Administrator may 
waive the requirements of section 44711 of title 49, United States Code, 
including related regulations, to the extent consistent with aviation 
safety.
    ``(d) Review of Operations by Test Range Operators.--The operator of 
each test range under subsection (a) shall--
            ``(1) review the operations of unmanned aircraft systems 
        conducted at the test range, including--
                    ``(A) ongoing or completed research; and
                    ``(B) data regarding operations by private and 
                public operators; and
            ``(2) submit to the Administrator, in such form and manner 
        as specified by the Administrator, the results of the review, 
        including recommendations to further enable private research and 
        development operations at the test ranges that contribute to the 
        Federal Aviation Administration's safe integration of unmanned 
        aircraft systems into the national airspace system, on a 
        quarterly basis until the program terminates.

    ``(e) Testing.--The Secretary of Transportation may authorize an 
operator of a test range described in subsection (a) to administer 
testing requirements established by the Administrator for unmanned 
aircraft systems operations.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3290]]

    ``(f) Collaborative Research and Development Agreements.--The 
Administrator may use the other transaction authority under section 
106(l)(6) and enter into collaborative research and development 
agreements, to direct research related to unmanned aircraft systems, 
including at any test range under subsection (a), and in coordination 
with the Center of Excellence for Unmanned Aircraft Systems.
    ``(g) Use of Center of Excellence for Unmanned Aircraft Systems.--
The Administrator, in carrying out research necessary to implement the 
consensus safety standards requirements in section 44805 shall, to the 
maximum extent practicable, leverage the research and testing capacity 
and capabilities of the Center of Excellence for Unmanned Aircraft 
Systems and the test ranges.
    ``(h) Termination.--The program under this section shall terminate 
on September 30, 2023.''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for chapter 448, as 
added by this Act, <<NOTE: 49 USC 44801 prec.>> is further amended by 
adding at the end the following:

``44803. Unmanned aircraft system test ranges.''.

SEC. 344. SMALL UNMANNED AIRCRAFT IN THE ARCTIC.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 448 of title 49, United States Code, as 
added by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:
``Sec. 44804. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44804.>>  Small unmanned aircraft in 
                    the Arctic

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Transportation shall develop a 
plan and initiate a process to work with relevant Federal agencies and 
national and international communities to designate permanent areas in 
the Arctic where small unmanned aircraft may operate 24 hours per day 
for research and commercial purposes.
    ``(b) Plan Contents.--The plan under subsection (a) shall include 
the development of processes to facilitate the safe operation of small 
unmanned aircraft beyond the visual line of sight.
    ``(c) Requirements.--Each permanent area designated under subsection 
(a) shall enable over-water flights from the surface to at least 2,000 
feet in altitude, with ingress and egress routes from selected coastal 
launch sites.
    ``(d) Agreements.--To implement the plan under subsection (a), the 
Secretary may enter into an agreement with relevant national and 
international communities.
    ``(e) Aircraft Approval.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), not later than 
        1 year after the entry into force of an agreement necessary to 
        effectuate the purposes of this section, the Secretary shall 
        work with relevant national and international communities to 
        establish and implement a process for approving the use of a 
        small unmanned aircraft in the designated permanent areas in the 
        Arctic without regard to whether the small unmanned aircraft is 
        used as a public aircraft, a civil aircraft, or a model 
        aircraft.
            ``(2) Existing process.--The Secretary may implement an 
        existing process to meet the requirements under paragraph 
        (1).''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3291]]

    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for chapter 448 of 
title 49, United States Code, as added by this Act, is further amended 
by adding at the end the following:

``44804. Small unmanned aircraft in the Arctic.''.

SEC. 345. SMALL UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SAFETY STANDARDS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 448 of title 49, United States Code, as 
added by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:
``Sec. 44805. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44805.>>  Small Unmanned aircraft 
                    safety standards

    ``(a) FAA Process for Acceptance and Authorization.--The 
Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall establish a 
process for--
            ``(1) accepting risk-based consensus safety standards 
        related to the design, production, and modification of small 
        unmanned aircraft systems;
            ``(2) authorizing the operation of small unmanned aircraft 
        system make and model designed, produced, or modified in 
        accordance with the consensus safety standards accepted under 
        paragraph (1);
            ``(3) authorizing a manufacturer to self-certify a small 
        unmanned aircraft system make or model that complies with 
        consensus safety standards accepted under paragraph (1); and
            ``(4) certifying a manufacturer of small unmanned aircraft 
        systems, or an employee of such manufacturer, that has 
        demonstrated compliance with the consensus safety standards 
        accepted under paragraph (1) and met any other qualifying 
        criteria, as determined by the Administrator, to alternatively 
        satisfy the requirements of paragraph (1).

    ``(b) Considerations.--Before accepting consensus safety standards 
under subsection (a), the Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
Administration shall consider the following:
            ``(1) Technologies or standards related to geographic 
        limitations, altitude limitations, and sense and avoid 
        capabilities.
            ``(2) Using performance-based requirements.
            ``(3) Assessing varying levels of risk posed by different 
        small unmanned aircraft systems and their operation and 
        tailoring performance-based requirements to appropriately 
        mitigate risk.
            ``(4) Predetermined action to maintain safety in the event 
        that a communications link between a small unmanned aircraft and 
        its operator is lost or compromised.
            ``(5) Detectability and identifiability to pilots, the 
        Federal Aviation Administration, and air traffic controllers, as 
        appropriate.
            ``(6) Means to prevent tampering with or modification of any 
        system, limitation, or other safety mechanism or standard under 
        this section or any other provision of law, including a means to 
        identify any tampering or modification that has been made.
            ``(7) Consensus identification standards under section 2202 
        of the FAA Extension, Safety, and Security Act of 2016 (Public 
        Law 114-190; 130 Stat. 615).
            ``(8) To the extent not considered previously by the 
        consensus body that crafted consensus safety standards, cost-
        benefit and risk analyses of consensus safety standards that may

[[Page 132 STAT. 3292]]

        be accepted pursuant to subsection (a) for newly designed small 
        unmanned aircraft systems.
            ``(9) Applicability of consensus safety standards to small 
        unmanned aircraft systems that are not manufactured 
        commercially.
            ``(10) Any technology or standard related to small unmanned 
        aircraft systems that promotes aviation safety.
            ``(11) Any category of unmanned aircraft systems that should 
        be exempt from the consensus safety standards based on risk 
        factors.

    ``(e) Nonapplicability of Other Laws.--The process for authorizing 
the operation of small unmanned aircraft systems under subsection (a) 
may allow for operation of any applicable small unmanned aircraft 
systems within the national airspace system without requiring--
            ``(1) airworthiness certification requirements under section 
        44704 of this title; or
            ``(2) type certification under part 21 of title 14, Code of 
        Federal Regulations.

    ``(f) Revocation.--The Administrator may suspend or revoke the 
authorizations in subsection (a) if the Administrator determines that 
the manufacturer or the small unmanned aircraft system is no longer in 
compliance with the standards accepted by the Administrator under 
subsection (a)(1) or with the manufacturer's statement of compliance 
under subsection (h).
    ``(g) Requirements.--With regard to an authorization under the 
processes in subsection (a), the Administrator may require a 
manufacturer of small unmanned aircraft systems to provide the Federal 
Aviation Administration with the following:
            ``(1) The aircraft system's operating instructions.
            ``(2) The aircraft system's recommended maintenance and 
        inspection procedures.
            ``(3) The manufacturer's statement of compliance described 
        in subsection (h).
            ``(4) Upon request, a sample aircraft to be inspected by the 
        Federal Aviation Administration to ensure compliance with the 
        consensus safety standards accepted by the Administrator under 
        subsection (a).

    ``(h) Manufacturer's Statement of Compliance for Small UAS.--A 
manufacturer's statement of compliance shall--
            ``(1) identify the aircraft make, model, range of serial 
        numbers, and any applicable consensus safety standards used and 
        accepted by the Administrator;
            ``(2) state that the aircraft make and model meets the 
        provisions of the consensus safety standards identified in 
        paragraph (1);
            ``(3) state that the aircraft make and model conforms to the 
        manufacturer's design data and is manufactured in a way that 
        ensures consistency across units in the production process in 
        order to meet the applicable consensus safety standards accepted 
        by the Administrator;
            ``(4) state that the manufacturer will make available to the 
        Administrator, operators, or customers--
                    ``(A) the aircraft's operating instructions, which 
                conform to the consensus safety standards identified in 
                paragraph (1); and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3293]]

                    ``(B) the aircraft's recommended maintenance and 
                inspection procedures, which conform to the consensus 
                safety standards identified in paragraph (1);
            ``(5) state that the manufacturer will monitor safety-of-
        flight issues and take action to ensure it meets the consensus 
        safety standards identified in paragraph (1) and report these 
        issues and subsequent actions to the Administrator;
            ``(6) state that at the request of the Administrator, the 
        manufacturer will provide reasonable access for the 
        Administrator to its facilities for the purposes of overseeing 
        compliance with this section; and
            ``(7) state that the manufacturer, in accordance with the 
        consensus safety standards accepted by the Federal Aviation 
        Administration, has--
                    ``(A) ground and flight tested random samples of the 
                aircraft;
                    ``(B) found the sample aircraft performance 
                acceptable; and
                    ``(C) determined that the make and model of aircraft 
                is suitable for safe operation.

    ``(i) Prohibitions.--
            ``(1) False statements of compliance.--It shall be unlawful 
        for any person to knowingly submit a statement of compliance 
        described in subsection (h) that is fraudulent or intentionally 
        false.
            ``(2) Introduction into interstate commerce.--Unless the 
        Administrator determines operation of an unmanned aircraft 
        system may be conducted without an airworthiness certificate or 
        permission, authorization, or approval under subsection (a), it 
        shall be unlawful for any person to knowingly introduce or 
        deliver for introduction into interstate commerce any small 
        unmanned aircraft system that is manufactured after the date 
        that the Administrator accepts consensus safety standards under 
        this section unless--
                    ``(A) the make and model has been authorized for 
                operation under subsection (a); or
                    ``(B) the aircraft has alternatively received design 
                and production approval issued by the Federal Aviation 
                Administration.

    ``(j) Exclusions.--The Administrator may exempt from the 
requirements of this section small unmanned aircraft systems that are 
not capable of navigating beyond the visual line of sight of the 
operator through advanced flight systems and technology, if the 
Administrator determines that such an exemption does not pose a risk to 
the safety of the national airspace system.''.
    (b) <<NOTE: 49 USC 44805 note.>>  Unmanned Aircraft Systems Research 
Facility.--The Center of Excellence for Unmanned Aircraft Systems shall 
establish an unmanned aircraft systems research facility to study 
appropriate safety standards for unmanned aircraft systems and to 
validate such standards, as directed by the Administrator of the Federal 
Aviation Administration, consistent with section 44805 of title 49, 
United States Code, as added by this section.

    (c) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for chapter 448 of 
title 49, United States Code, as added by this Act, is further amended 
by adding at the end the following:

``44805. Small unmanned aircraft safety standards.''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3294]]

SEC. 346. PUBLIC UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 448 of title 49, United States Code, as 
added by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:
``Sec. 44806. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44806.>> Public unmanned aircraft 
                    systems

    ``(a) Guidance.--The Secretary of Transportation shall issue 
guidance regarding the operation of a public unmanned aircraft system--
            ``(1) to streamline and expedite the process for the 
        issuance of a certificate of authorization or a certificate of 
        waiver;
            ``(2) to facilitate the capability of public agencies to 
        develop and use test ranges, subject to operating restrictions 
        required by the Federal Aviation Administration, to test and 
        operate public unmanned aircraft systems; and
            ``(3) to provide guidance on a public agency's 
        responsibilities when operating an unmanned aircraft without a 
        civil airworthiness certificate issued by the Administration.

    ``(b) Agreements With Government Agencies.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall enter into an 
        agreement with each appropriate public agency to simplify the 
        process for issuing a certificate of waiver or a certificate of 
        authorization with respect to an application for authorization 
        to operate a public unmanned aircraft system in the national 
        airspace system.
            ``(2) Contents.--An agreement under paragraph (1) shall--
                    ``(A) with respect to an application described in 
                paragraph (1)--
                          ``(i) provide for an expedited review of the 
                      application;
                          ``(ii) require a decision by the Administrator 
                      on approval or disapproval not later than 60 
                      business days after the date of submission of the 
                      application; and
                          ``(iii) allow for an expedited appeal if the 
                      application is disapproved;
                    ``(B) allow for a one-time approval of similar 
                operations carried out during a fixed period of time; 
                and
                    ``(C) allow a government public safety agency to 
                operate an unmanned aircraft weighing 4.4 pounds or less 
                if that unmanned aircraft is operated--
                          ``(i) within or beyond the visual line of 
                      sight of the operator;
                          ``(ii) less than 400 feet above the ground;
                          ``(iii) during daylight conditions;
                          ``(iv) within Class G airspace; and
                          ``(v) outside of 5 statute miles from any 
                      airport, heliport, seaplane base, spaceport, or 
                      other location with aviation activities.

    ``(c) Public Actively Tethered Unmanned Aircraft Systems.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
        Administration shall permit the use of, and may issue guidance 
        regarding, the use of public actively tethered unmanned aircraft 
        systems that are--

[[Page 132 STAT. 3295]]

                    ``(A) operated at an altitude of less than 150 feet 
                above ground level;
                    ``(B) operated--
                          ``(i) within class G airspace; or
                          ``(ii) at or below the ceiling depicted on the 
                      Federal Aviation Administration's published UAS 
                      facility maps for class B, C, D, or E surface area 
                      airspace;
                    ``(C) not flown directly over non-participating 
                persons;
                    ``(D) operated within visual line of sight of the 
                operator; and
                    ``(E) operated in a manner that does not interfere 
                with and gives way to any other aircraft.
            ``(2) Requirements.--Public actively tethered unmanned 
        aircraft systems may be operated --
                    ``(A) without any requirement to obtain a 
                certificate of authorization, certificate of waiver, or 
                other approval by the Federal Aviation Administration;
                    ``(B) without requiring airman certification under 
                section 44703 of this title or any rule or regulation 
                relating to airman certification; and
                    ``(C) without requiring airworthiness certification 
                under section 44704 of this title or any rule or 
                regulation relating to aircraft certification.
            ``(3) Safety standards.--Public actively tethered unmanned 
        aircraft systems operated within the scope of the guidance 
        issued pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be exempt from the 
        requirements of section 44805 of this title.
            ``(4) Savings provision.--Nothing in this subsection shall 
        be construed to preclude the Administrator of the Federal 
        Aviation Administration from issuing new regulations for public 
        actively tethered unmanned aircraft systems in order to ensure 
        the safety of the national airspace system.

    ``(d) Federal Agency Coordination to Enhance the Public Health and 
Safety Capabilities of Public Unmanned Aircraft Systems.--The 
Administrator shall assist Federal civilian Government agencies that 
operate unmanned aircraft systems within civil-controlled airspace, in 
operationally deploying and integrating sense and avoid capabilities, as 
necessary to operate unmanned aircraft systems safely within the 
national airspace system.''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Table of contents.--The table of contents for chapter 
        448 of title 49, United States Code, as added by this Act, is 
        further amended by adding at the end the following:

``44806. Public unmanned aircraft systems.''.

            (2) Public unmanned aircraft systems.--Section 334 of the 
        FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 40101 note) 
        and the item relating to that section in the table of contents 
        under section 1(b) of that Act (126 Stat. 13) are repealed.
            (3) Facilitating interagency cooperation.--Section 2204(a) 
        of the FAA Extension, Safety, and Security Act of 2016 (Public 
        Law 114-190; 130 Stat. 615) <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  is 
        amended by striking ``section 334(c) of the FAA Modernization 
        and Reform Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 40101 note)'' and inserting 
        ``section 44806 of title 49, United States Code''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3296]]

SEC. 347. SPECIAL AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 448 of title 49, United States Code, as 
added by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:
``Sec. 44807. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44807.>>  Special authority for 
                    certain unmanned aircraft systems

    ``(a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other requirement of this 
chapter, the Secretary of Transportation shall use a risk-based approach 
to determine if certain unmanned aircraft systems may operate safely in 
the national airspace system notwithstanding completion of the 
comprehensive plan and rulemaking required by section 44802 or the 
guidance required by section 44806.
    ``(b) Assessment of Unmanned Aircraft Systems.--In making the 
determination under subsection (a), the Secretary shall determine, at a 
minimum--
            ``(1) which types of unmanned aircraft systems, if any, as a 
        result of their size, weight, speed, operational capability, 
        proximity to airports and populated areas, operation over 
        people, and operation within or beyond the visual line of sight, 
        or operation during the day or night, do not create a hazard to 
        users of the national airspace system or the public; and
            ``(2) whether a certificate under section 44703 or section 
        44704 of this title, or a certificate of waiver or certificate 
        of authorization, is required for the operation of unmanned 
        aircraft systems identified under paragraph (1) of this 
        subsection.

    ``(c) Requirements for Safe Operation.--If the Secretary determines 
under this section that certain unmanned aircraft systems may operate 
safely in the national airspace system, the Secretary shall establish 
requirements for the safe operation of such aircraft systems in the 
national airspace system, including operation related to research, 
development, and testing of proprietary systems.
    ``(d) Sunset.--The authority under this section for the Secretary to 
determine if certain unmanned aircraft systems may operate safely in the 
national airspace system terminates effective September 30, 2023.''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Table of contents.--The table of contents for chapter 
        448, as added by this Act, <<NOTE: 49 USC 44801 prec.>> is 
        further amended by adding at the end the following:

``44807. Special authority for certain unmanned aircraft systems.''.

            (2) Special rules for certain unmanned aircraft systems.--
        Section 333 of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (49 
        U.S.C. 40101 note) and the item relating to that section in the 
        table of contents under section 1(b) of that Act (126 Stat. 13) 
        are repealed.
SEC. 348. CARRIAGE OF PROPERTY BY SMALL UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS 
                        FOR COMPENSATION OR HIRE.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 448 of title 49, United States Code, as 
added by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:

[[Page 132 STAT. 3297]]

``Sec. 44808. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44808.>> Carriage of property by 
                    small unmanned aircraft systems for 
                    compensation or hire

    ``(a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of the FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018, the Administrator of the Federal 
Aviation Administration shall update existing regulations to authorize 
the carriage of property by operators of small unmanned aircraft systems 
for compensation or hire within the United States.
    ``(b) Contents.--Any rulemaking conducted under subsection (a) shall 
provide for the following:
            ``(1) Use performance-based requirements.
            ``(2) Consider varying levels of risk to other aircraft and 
        to persons and property on the ground posed by different 
        unmanned aircraft systems and their operation and tailor 
        performance-based requirements to appropriately mitigate risk.
            ``(3) Consider the unique characteristics of highly 
        automated, small unmanned aircraft systems.
            ``(4) Include requirements for the safe operation of small 
        unmanned aircraft systems that, at a minimum, address--
                    ``(A) airworthiness of small unmanned aircraft 
                systems;
                    ``(B) qualifications for operators and the type and 
                nature of the operations;
                    ``(C) operating specifications governing the type 
                and nature of the unmanned aircraft system air carrier 
                operations; and
                    ``(D) the views of State, local, and tribal 
                officials related to potential impacts of the carriage 
                of property by operators of small unmanned aircraft 
                systems for compensation or hire within the communities 
                to be served.
            ``(5) Small uas.--The Secretary may amend part 298 of title 
        14, Code of Federal Regulations, to update existing regulations 
        to establish economic authority for the carriage of property by 
        small unmanned aircraft systems for compensation or hire. Such 
        authority shall only require--
                    ``(A) registration with the Department of 
                Transportation;
                    ``(B) authorization from the Federal Aviation 
                Administration to conduct operations; and
                    ``(C) compliance with chapters 401, 411, and 417.
            ``(6) Availability of current certification processes.--
        Pending completion of the rulemaking required in subsection (a) 
        of this section, a person may seek an air carrier operating 
        certificate and certificate of public convenience and necessity, 
        or an exemption from such certificate, using existing 
        processes.''.

    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for chapter 448 of 
title 49, United States Code, as added by this Act, <<NOTE: 49 USC 44801 
prec.>>  is further amended by adding at the end the following:

``44808. Carriage of property by small unmanned aircraft systems for 
           compensation or hire.''.

SEC. 349. EXCEPTION FOR LIMITED RECREATIONAL OPERATIONS OF 
                        UNMANNED AIRCRAFT.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 448 of title 49, United States Code, as 
added by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:

[[Page 132 STAT. 3298]]

``Sec. 44809. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44809.>>  Exception for limited 
                    recreational operations of unmanned aircraft

    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (e), and 
notwithstanding chapter 447 of title 49, United States Code, a person 
may operate a small unmanned aircraft without specific certification or 
operating authority from the Federal Aviation Administration if the 
operation adheres to all of the following limitations:
            ``(1) The aircraft is flown strictly for recreational 
        purposes.
            ``(2) The aircraft is operated in accordance with or within 
        the programming of a community-based organization's set of 
        safety guidelines that are developed in coordination with the 
        Federal Aviation Administration.
            ``(3) The aircraft is flown within the visual line of sight 
        of the person operating the aircraft or a visual observer co-
        located and in direct communication with the operator.
            ``(4) The aircraft is operated in a manner that does not 
        interfere with and gives way to any manned aircraft.
            ``(5) In Class B, Class C, or Class D airspace or within the 
        lateral boundaries of the surface area of Class E airspace 
        designated for an airport, the operator obtains prior 
        authorization from the Administrator or designee before 
        operating and complies with all airspace restrictions and 
        prohibitions.
            ``(6) In Class G airspace, the aircraft is flown from the 
        surface to not more than 400 feet above ground level and 
        complies with all airspace restrictions and prohibitions.
            ``(7) The operator has passed an aeronautical knowledge and 
        safety test described in subsection (g) and maintains proof of 
        test passage to be made available to the Administrator or law 
        enforcement upon request.
            ``(8) The aircraft is registered and marked in accordance 
        with chapter 441 of this title and proof of registration is made 
        available to the Administrator or a designee of the 
        Administrator or law enforcement upon request.

    ``(b) Other Operations.--Unmanned aircraft operations that do not 
conform to the limitations in subsection (a) must comply with all 
statutes and regulations generally applicable to unmanned aircraft and 
unmanned aircraft systems.
    ``(c) Operations at Fixed Sites.--
            ``(1) Operating procedure required.--Persons operating 
        unmanned aircraft under subsection (a) from a fixed site within 
        Class B, Class C, or Class D airspace or within the lateral 
        boundaries of the surface area of Class E airspace designated 
        for an airport, or a community-based organization conducting a 
        sanctioned event within such airspace, shall make the location 
        of the fixed site known to the Administrator and shall establish 
        a mutually agreed upon operating procedure with the air traffic 
        control facility.
            ``(2) Unmanned aircraft weighing more than 55 pounds.--A 
        person may operate an unmanned aircraft weighing more than 55 
        pounds, including the weight of anything attached to or carried 
        by the aircraft, under subsection (a) if--
                    ``(A) the unmanned aircraft complies with standards 
                and limitations developed by a community-based 
                organization and approved by the Administrator; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3299]]

                    ``(B) the aircraft is operated from a fixed site as 
                described in paragraph (1).

    ``(d) Updates.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Administrator, in consultation with 
        government, stakeholders, and community-based organizations, 
        shall initiate a process to periodically update the operational 
        parameters under subsection (a), as appropriate.
            ``(2) Considerations.--In updating an operational parameter 
        under paragraph (1), the Administrator shall consider--
                    ``(A) appropriate operational limitations to 
                mitigate risks to aviation safety and national security, 
                including risk to the uninvolved public and critical 
                infrastructure;
                    ``(B) operations outside the membership, guidelines, 
                and programming of a community-based organization;
                    ``(C) physical characteristics, technical standards, 
                and classes of aircraft operating under this section;
                    ``(D) trends in use, enforcement, or incidents 
                involving unmanned aircraft systems;
                    ``(E) ensuring, to the greatest extent practicable, 
                that updates to the operational parameters correspond 
                to, and leverage, advances in technology; and
                    ``(F) equipage requirements that facilitate safe, 
                efficient, and secure operations and further integrate 
                all unmanned aircraft into the national airspace system.
            ``(3) Savings clause.--Nothing in this subsection shall be 
        construed as expanding the authority of the Administrator to 
        require a person operating an unmanned aircraft under this 
        section to seek permissive authority of the Administrator, 
        beyond that required in subsection (a) of this section, prior to 
        operation in the national airspace system.

    ``(e) Statutory Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to limit the authority of the Administrator to pursue an 
enforcement action against a person operating any unmanned aircraft who 
endangers the safety of the national airspace system.
    ``(f) Exceptions.--Nothing in this section prohibits the 
Administrator from promulgating rules generally applicable to unmanned 
aircraft, including those unmanned aircraft eligible for the exception 
set forth in this section, relating to--
            ``(1) updates to the operational parameters for unmanned 
        aircraft in subsection (a);
            ``(2) the registration and marking of unmanned aircraft;
            ``(3) the standards for remotely identifying owners and 
        operators of unmanned aircraft systems and associated unmanned 
        aircraft; and
            ``(4) other standards consistent with maintaining the safety 
        and security of the national airspace system.

    ``(g) Aeronautical Knowledge and Safety Test.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this section, the Administrator, in consultation 
        with manufacturers of unmanned aircraft systems, other industry 
        stakeholders, and community-based organizations, shall develop 
        an aeronautical knowledge and safety test, which can then be 
        administered electronically by the Administrator, a community-
        based organization, or a person designated by the Administrator.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3300]]

            ``(2) Requirements.--The Administrator shall ensure the 
        aeronautical knowledge and safety test is designed to adequately 
        demonstrate an operator's--
                    ``(A) understanding of aeronautical safety 
                knowledge; and
                    ``(B) knowledge of Federal Aviation Administration 
                regulations and requirements pertaining to the operation 
                of an unmanned aircraft system in the national airspace 
                system.

    ``(h) Community-based Organization Defined.--In this section, the 
term `community-based organization' means a membership-based association 
entity that--
            ``(1) is described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal 
        Revenue Code of 1986;
            ``(2) is exempt from tax under section 501(a) of the 
        Internal Revenue Code of 1986;
            ``(3) the mission of which is demonstrably the furtherance 
        of model aviation;
            ``(4) provides a comprehensive set of safety guidelines for 
        all aspects of model aviation addressing the assembly and 
        operation of model aircraft and that emphasize safe 
        aeromodelling operations within the national airspace system and 
        the protection and safety of individuals and property on the 
        ground, and may provide a comprehensive set of safety rules and 
        programming for the operation of unmanned aircraft that have the 
        advanced flight capabilities enabling active, sustained, and 
        controlled navigation of the aircraft beyond visual line of 
        sight of the operator;
            ``(5) provides programming and support for any local charter 
        organizations, affiliates, or clubs; and
            ``(6) provides assistance and support in the development and 
        operation of locally designated model aircraft flying sites.

    ``(i) Recognition of Community-based Organizations.--In 
collaboration with aeromodelling stakeholders, the Administrator shall 
publish an advisory circular within 180 days of the date of enactment of 
this section that identifies the criteria and process required for 
recognition of community-based organizations.''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Table of contents.--The table of contents for chapter 
        448 of title 49, United States Code, as added <<NOTE: 49 USC 
        44801 prec.>>  by this Act, is further amended by adding at the 
        end the following:

``44809. Exception for limited recreational operations of unmanned 
           aircraft.''.

            (2) Repeal.--Section 336 of the FAA Modernization and Reform 
        Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 40101 note) and the item relating to that 
        section in the table of contents under section 1(b) of that Act 
        are repealed.
SEC. 350. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44809 note.>>  USE OF UNMANNED AIRCRAFT 
                        SYSTEMS AT INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER 
                        EDUCATION.

    (a) Educational and Research Purposes.--For the purposes of section 
44809 of title 49, United States Code, as added by this Act, a 
``recreational purpose'' as distinguished in subsection (a)(1) of such 
section shall include an unmanned aircraft system operated by an 
institution of higher education for educational or research purposes.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3301]]

    (b) Updates.--In updating an operational parameter under subsection 
(d)(1) of such section for unmanned aircraft systems operated by an 
institution of higher education for educational or research purposes, 
the Administrator shall consider--
            (1) use of small unmanned aircraft systems and operations at 
        an accredited institution of higher education, for educational 
        or research purposes, as a component of the institution's 
        curricula or research;
            (2) the development of streamlined, risk-based operational 
        approval for unmanned aircraft systems operated by institutions 
        of higher education; and
            (3) the airspace and aircraft operators that may be affected 
        by such operations at the institution of higher education.

    (c) Deadline for Establishment of Procedures and Standards.--Not 
later than 270 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration may establish 
regulations, procedures, and standards, as necessary, to facilitate the 
safe operation of unmanned aircraft systems operated by institutions of 
higher education for educational or research purposes.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Institution of higher education.--The term ``institution 
        of higher education'' has the meaning given to that term by 
        section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
        1001(a)).
            (2) Educational or research purposes.--The term ``education 
        or research purposes'', with respect to the operation of an 
        unmanned aircraft system by an institution of higher education, 
        includes--
                    (A) instruction of students at the institution;
                    (B) academic or research related uses of unmanned 
                aircraft systems that have been approved by the 
                institution, including Federal research;
                    (C) activities undertaken by the institution as part 
                of research projects, including research projects 
                sponsored by the Federal Government; and
                    (D) other academic activities approved by the 
                institution.

    (e) Statutory Construction.--
            (1) Enforcement.--Nothing in this section shall be construed 
        to limit the authority of the Administrator to pursue an 
        enforcement action against a person operating any unmanned 
        aircraft who endangers the safety of the national airspace 
        system.
            (2) Regulations and standards.--Nothing in this section 
        prohibits the Administrator from promulgating any rules or 
        standards consistent with maintaining the safety and security of 
        the national airspace system.
SEC. 351. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44802 note.>>  UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS 
                        INTEGRATION PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) Authority.--The Secretary of Transportation may establish a 
pilot program to enable enhanced drone operations as required in the 
October 25, 2017 Presidential Memorandum entitled ``Unmanned Aircraft 
Systems Integration Pilot Program'' and described in 82 Federal Register 
50301.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3302]]

    (b) Applications.--The Secretary shall accept applications from 
State, local, and Tribal governments, in partnership with unmanned 
aircraft system operators and other private-sector stakeholders, to test 
and evaluate the integration of civil and public UAS operations into the 
low-altitude national airspace system.
    (c) Objectives.--The purpose of the pilot program is to accelerate 
existing UAS integration plans by working to solve technical, 
regulatory, and policy challenges, while enabling advanced UAS 
operations in select areas subject to ongoing safety oversight and 
cooperation between the Federal Government and applicable State, local, 
or Tribal jurisdictions, in order to--
            (1) accelerate the safe integration of UAS into the NAS by 
        testing and validating new concepts of beyond visual line of 
        sight operations in a controlled environment, focusing on detect 
        and avoid technologies, command and control links, navigation, 
        weather, and human factors;
            (2) address ongoing concerns regarding the potential 
        security and safety risks associated with UAS operating in close 
        proximity to human beings and critical infrastructure by 
        ensuring that operators communicate more effectively with 
        Federal, State, local, and Tribal law enforcement to enable law 
        enforcement to determine if a UAS operation poses such a risk;
            (3) promote innovation in and development of the United 
        States unmanned aviation industry, especially in sectors such as 
        agriculture, emergency management, inspection, and 
        transportation safety, in which there are significant public 
        benefits to be gained from the deployment of UAS; and
            (4) identify the most effective models of balancing local 
        and national interests in UAS integration.

    (d) Application Submission.--The Secretary shall establish 
application requirements and require applicants to include the following 
information:
            (1) Identification of the airspace to be used, including 
        shape files and altitudes.
            (2) Description of the types of planned operations.
            (3) Identification of stakeholder partners to test and 
        evaluate planned operations.
            (4) Identification of available infrastructure to support 
        planned operations.
            (5) Description of experience with UAS operations and 
        regulations.
            (6) Description of existing UAS operator and any other 
        stakeholder partnerships and experience.
            (7) Description of plans to address safety, security, 
        competition, privacy concerns, and community outreach.

    (e) Monitoring and Enforcement of Limitations.--
            (1) In general.--Monitoring and enforcement of any 
        limitations enacted pursuant to this pilot project shall be the 
        responsibility of the jurisdiction.
            (2) Savings provision.--Nothing in paragraph (1) may be 
        construed to prevent the Secretary from enforcing Federal law.
            (3) Examples of limitations.--Limitations under this section 
        may include--

[[Page 132 STAT. 3303]]

                    (A) prohibiting flight during specified morning and 
                evening rush hours or only permitting flight during 
                specified hours such as daylight hours, sufficient to 
                ensure reasonable airspace access;
                    (B) establishing designated take-off and landing 
                zones, limiting operations over moving locations or 
                fixed site public road and parks, sidewalks or private 
                property based on zoning density, or other land use 
                considerations;
                    (C) requiring notice to public safety or zoning or 
                land use authorities before operating; and
                    (D) prohibiting operations in connection with 
                community or sporting events that do not remain in one 
                place (for example, parades and running events).

    (f) Selection Criteria.--In making determinations, the Secretary 
shall evaluate whether applications meet or exceed the following 
criteria:
            (1) Overall economic, geographic, and climatic diversity of 
        the selected jurisdictions.
            (2) Overall diversity of the proposed models of government 
        involvement.
            (3) Overall diversity of the UAS operations to be conducted.
            (4) The location of critical infrastructure.
            (5) The involvement of commercial entities in the proposal 
        and their ability to advance objectives that may serve the 
        public interest as a result of further integration of UAS into 
        the NAS.
            (6) The involvement of affected communities in, and their 
        support for, participating in the pilot program.
            (7) The commitment of the governments and UAS operators 
        involved in the proposal to comply with requirements related to 
        national defense, homeland security, and public safety and to 
        address competition, privacy, and civil liberties concerns.
            (8) The commitment of the governments and UAS operators 
        involved in the proposal to achieve the following policy 
        objectives:
                    (A) Promoting innovation and economic development.
                    (B) Enhancing transportation safety.
                    (C) Enhancing workplace safety.
                    (D) Improving emergency response and search and 
                rescue functions.
                    (E) Using radio spectrum efficiently and 
                competitively.

    (g) Implementation.--The Secretary shall use the data collected and 
experience gained over the course of this pilot program to--
            (1) identify and resolve technical challenges to UAS 
        integration;
            (2) address airspace use to safely and efficiently integrate 
        all aircraft;
            (3) inform operational standards and procedures to improve 
        safety (for example, detect and avoid capabilities, navigation 
        and altitude performance, and command and control link);
            (4) inform FAA standards that reduce the need for waivers 
        (for example, for operations over human beings, night 
        operations, and beyond visual line of sight); and
            (5) address competing interests regarding UAS operational 
        expansion, safety, security, roles and responsibilities of non-
        Federal Government entities, and privacy issues.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3304]]

    (h) Notification.--Prior to initiating any additional rounds of 
agreements with State, local, or Tribal governments as part of the pilot 
program established under subsection (a), the Secretary shall notify the 
Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure and the Committee on 
Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation and the Committee on 
Appropriations in the Senate.
    (i) Sunset.--The pilot program established under subsection (a) 
shall terminate 3 years after the date on which the memorandum 
referenced in subsection (a) is signed by the President.
    (j) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section shall affect any 
proposals, selections, imposition of conditions, operations, or other 
decisions made--
            (1) under the pilot program developed by the Secretary of 
        Transportation pursuant to the Presidential memorandum titled 
        ``Unmanned Aircraft Systems Integration Pilot Program'', as 
        published in the Federal Register on October 30, 2017 (82 Fed. 
        Reg. 50301); and
            (2) prior to the date of enactment of this Act.

    (k) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``Lead Applicant'' means an eligible State, 
        local or Tribal government that has submitted a timely 
        application.
            (2) The term ``NAS'' means the low-altitude national 
        airspace system.
            (3) The term ``UAS'' means unmanned aircraft system.
SEC. 352. PART 107 TRANSPARENCY AND TECHNOLOGY IMPROVEMENTS.

    (a) Transparency.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall publish on the FAA 
website a representative sample of the safety justifications, offered by 
applicants for small unmanned aircraft system waivers and airspace 
authorizations, that have been approved by the Administration for each 
regulation waived or class of airspace authorized, except that any 
published justification shall not reveal proprietary or commercially 
sensitive information.
    (b) Technology Improvements.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall revise the online 
waiver and certificates of authorization processes--
            (1) to provide real time confirmation that an application 
        filed online has been received by the Administration; and
            (2) to provide an applicant with an opportunity to review 
        the status of the applicant's application.
SEC. 353. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44802 note.>>  EMERGENCY EXEMPTION 
                        PROCESS.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the use of 
unmanned aircraft systems by civil and public operators--
            (1) is an increasingly important tool in response to a 
        catastrophe, disaster, or other emergency;
            (2) helps facilitate emergency response operations, such as 
        firefighting and search and rescue; and
            (3) helps facilitate post-catastrophic response operations, 
        such as utility and infrastructure restoration efforts and the 
        safe and prompt processing, adjustment, and payment of insurance 
        claims.

    (b) Updates.--The Administrator shall, as necessary, update and 
improve the Special Government Interest process described

[[Page 132 STAT. 3305]]

in chapter 7 of Federal Aviation Administration Order JO 7200.23A to 
ensure that civil and public operators, including local law enforcement 
agencies and first responders, continue to use unmanned aircraft system 
operations quickly and efficiently in response to a catastrophe, 
disaster, or other emergency.
    (c) Best Practices.--The Administrator shall develop best practices 
for the use of unmanned aircraft systems by States and localities to 
respond to a catastrophe, disaster, or other emergency response and 
recovery operation.
SEC. 354. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44802 note.>> TREATMENT OF UNMANNED 
                        AIRCRAFT OPERATING UNDERGROUND.

    An unmanned aircraft system that is operated underground for mining 
purposes shall not be subject to regulation or enforcement by the FAA 
under title 49, United States Code.
SEC. 355. PUBLIC UAS OPERATIONS BY TRIBAL GOVERNMENTS.

    (a) Public UAS Operations by Tribal Governments.--Section 
40102(a)(41) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
                    ``(F) An unmanned aircraft that is owned and 
                operated by, or exclusively leased for at least 90 
                continuous days by, an Indian Tribal government, as 
                defined in section 102 of the Robert T. Stafford 
                Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 
                5122), except as provided in section 40125(b).''.

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 40125(b) of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``or (D)'' and inserting ``(D), or 
(F)''.
SEC. 356. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR KNOW BEFORE YOU FLY 
                        CAMPAIGN.

    There are authorized to be appropriated to the Administrator of the 
Federal Aviation Administration $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 
through 2023, out of funds made available under section 106(k), for the 
Know Before You Fly educational campaign or similar public informational 
efforts intended to broaden unmanned aircraft systems safety awareness.
SEC. 357. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44801 note.>> UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS 
                        PRIVACY POLICY.

    It is the policy of the United States that the operation of any 
unmanned aircraft or unmanned aircraft system shall be carried out in a 
manner that respects and protects personal privacy consistent with the 
United States Constitution and Federal, State, and local law.
SEC. 358. UAS PRIVACY REVIEW.

    (a) Review.--The Comptroller General of the United States, in 
consideration of relevant efforts led by the National Telecommunications 
and Information Administration, shall carry out a review of the privacy 
issues and concerns associated with the operation of unmanned aircraft 
systems in the national airspace system.
    (b) Consultation.--In carrying out the review, the Comptroller 
General shall--
            (1) consult with the Department of Transportation and the 
        National Telecommunications and Information Administration of 
        the Department of Commerce on its ongoing efforts

[[Page 132 STAT. 3306]]

        responsive to the Presidential memorandum titled ``Promoting 
        Economic Competitiveness While Safeguarding Privacy, Civil 
        Rights, and Civil Liberties in Domestic Use of Unmanned Aircraft 
        Systems'' and dated February 15, 2015;
            (2) examine and identify the existing Federal, State, or 
        relevant local laws that address an individual's personal 
        privacy;
            (3) identify specific issues and concerns that may limit the 
        availability of civil or criminal legal remedies regarding 
        inappropriate operation of unmanned aircraft systems in the 
        national airspace system;
            (4) identify any deficiencies in Federal, State, or local 
        privacy protections; and
            (5) provide recommendations to address any limitations and 
        deficiencies identified in paragraphs (3) and (4).

    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
Congress a report on the results of the review required under subsection 
(a).
SEC. 359. STUDY ON FIRE DEPARTMENT AND EMERGENCY SERVICE AGENCY 
                        USE OF UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS.

    (a) Study.--
            (1) In general.--The Administrator shall conduct a study on 
        the use of unmanned aircraft systems by fire departments and 
        emergency service agencies. Such study shall include an analysis 
        of--
                    (A) how fire departments and emergency service 
                agencies currently use unmanned aircraft systems;
                    (B) obstacles to greater use of unmanned aircraft 
                systems by fire departments and emergency service 
                agencies;
                    (C) the best way to provide outreach to support 
                greater use of unmanned aircraft systems by fire 
                departments and emergency service agencies;
                    (D) laws or regulations that present barriers to 
                career, combination, and volunteer fire departments' 
                ability to use unmanned aircraft systems;
                    (E) training and certifications required for the use 
                of unmanned aircraft systems by fire departments and 
                emergency service agencies;
                    (F) airspace limitations and concerns in the use of 
                unmanned aircraft systems by fire departments and 
                emergency service agencies;
                    (G) roles of unmanned aircraft systems in the 
                provision of fire and emergency services;
                    (H) technological challenges to greater adoption of 
                unmanned aircraft systems by fire departments and 
                emergency service agencies; and
                    (I) other issues determined appropriate by the 
                Administrator.
            (2) Consultation.--In conducting the study under paragraph 
        (1), the Administrator shall consult with national fire and 
        emergency service organizations.

    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees 
of Congress a report on the study conducted under

[[Page 132 STAT. 3307]]

subsection (a), including the Administrator's findings, conclusions, and 
recommendations.
SEC. 360. STUDY ON FINANCING OF UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SERVICES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 60 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall initiate 
a study on appropriate fee mechanisms to recover the costs of--
            (1) the regulation and safety oversight of unmanned aircraft 
        and unmanned aircraft systems; and
            (2) the provision of air navigation services to unmanned 
        aircraft and unmanned aircraft systems.

    (b) Considerations.--In carrying out the study, the Comptroller 
General shall consider, at a minimum--
            (1) any recommendations of Task Group 3 of the Drone 
        Advisory Committee chartered by the Federal Aviation 
        Administration on August 31, 2016;
            (2) the total annual costs incurred by the Federal Aviation 
        Administration for the regulation and safety oversight of 
        activities related to unmanned aircraft;
            (3) the annual costs attributable to various types, classes, 
        and categories of unmanned aircraft activities;
            (4) air traffic services provided to unmanned aircraft 
        operating under instrument flight rules, excluding public 
        aircraft;
            (5) the number of full-time Federal Aviation Administration 
        employees dedicated to unmanned aircraft programs;
            (6) the use of privately operated UTM and other privately 
        operated unmanned aircraft systems;
            (7) the projected growth of unmanned aircraft operations for 
        various applications and the estimated need for regulation, 
        oversight, and other services;
            (8) the number of small businesses involved in the various 
        sectors of the unmanned aircraft industry and operating as 
        primary users of unmanned aircraft; and
            (9) any best practices or policies utilized by jurisdictions 
        outside the United States relating to partial or total recovery 
        of regulation and safety oversight costs related to unmanned 
        aircraft and other emergent technologies.

    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 180 days after initiating 
the study, the Comptroller General shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report containing recommendations on 
appropriate fee mechanisms to recover the costs of regulating and 
providing air navigation services to unmanned aircraft and unmanned 
aircraft systems.
SEC. 361. REPORT ON UAS AND CHEMICAL AERIAL APPLICATION.

    Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
report evaluating which aviation safety requirements under part 137 of 
title 14, Code of Federal Regulations, should apply to unmanned aircraft 
system operations engaged in aerial spraying of chemicals for 
agricultural purposes.
SEC. 362. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SAFETY.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the unauthorized operation of unmanned aircraft near 
        airports presents a serious hazard to aviation safety;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3308]]

            (2) a collision between an unmanned aircraft and a 
        conventional aircraft in flight could jeopardize the safety of 
        persons aboard the aircraft and on the ground;
            (3) Federal aviation regulations, including sections 91.126 
        through 91.131 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations, 
        prohibit unauthorized operation of an aircraft in controlled 
        airspace near an airport;
            (4) Federal aviation regulations, including section 91.13 of 
        title 14, Code of Federal Regulations, prohibit the operation of 
        an aircraft in a careless or reckless manner so as to endanger 
        the life or property of another;
            (5) the Administrator should pursue all available civil and 
        administrative remedies available to the Administrator, 
        including referrals to other government agencies for criminal 
        investigations, with respect to persons who operate unmanned 
        aircraft in an unauthorized manner;
            (6) the Administrator should--
                    (A) place particular priority in continuing 
                measures, including partnering with nongovernmental 
                organizations and State and local agencies, to educate 
                the public about the dangers to public safety of 
                operating unmanned aircraft over areas that have 
                temporary flight restrictions in place, for purposes 
                such as wildfires, without appropriate authorization; 
                and
                    (B) partner with State and local agencies to 
                effectively enforce relevant laws so that unmanned 
                aircrafts do not interfere with the efforts of emergency 
                responders;
            (7) the Administrator should place particular priority on 
        continuing measures, including partnerships with nongovernmental 
        organizations, to educate the public about the dangers to the 
        public safety of operating unmanned aircraft near airports 
        without the appropriate approvals or authorizations; and
            (8) manufacturers and retail sellers of small unmanned 
        aircraft systems should take steps to educate consumers about 
        the safe and lawful operation of such systems.
SEC. 363. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44802 note.>> PROHIBITION REGARDING 
                        WEAPONS.

    (a) In General.--Unless authorized by the Administrator, a person 
may not operate an unmanned aircraft or unmanned aircraft system that is 
equipped or armed with a dangerous weapon.
    (b) Dangerous Weapon Defined.--In this section, the term ``dangerous 
weapon'' has the meaning given that term in section 930(g)(2) of title 
18, United States Code.
    (c) Penalty.--A person who violates this section is liable to the 
United States Government for a civil penalty of not more than $25,000 
for each violation.
SEC. 364. U.S. COUNTER-UAS SYSTEM REVIEW OF INTERAGENCY 
                        COORDINATION PROCESSES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 60 days after that date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator, in consultation with government agencies 
currently authorized to operate Counter-Unmanned Aircraft System (C-UAS) 
systems within the United States (including the territories and 
possessions of the United States), shall initiate a review of the 
following:
            (1) The process the Administration is using for interagency 
        coordination of C-UAS activity pursuant to a relevant Federal

[[Page 132 STAT. 3309]]

        statute authorizing such activity within the United States 
        (including the territories and possessions of the United 
        States).
            (2) The standards the Administration is utilizing for 
        operation of a C-UAS systems pursuant to a relevant Federal 
        statute authorizing such activity within the United States 
        (including the territories and possessions of the United 
        States), including whether the following criteria are being 
        taken into consideration in the development of the standards:
                    (A) Safety of the national airspace.
                    (B) Protecting individuals and property on the 
                ground.
                    (C) Non-interference with avionics of manned 
                aircraft, and unmanned aircraft, operating legally in 
                the national airspace.
                    (D) Non-interference with air traffic control 
                systems.
                    (E) Adequate coordination procedures and protocols 
                with the Federal Aviation Administration during the 
                operation of C-UAS systems.
                    (F) Adequate training for personnel operating C-UAS 
                systems.
                    (G) Assessment of the efficiency and effectiveness 
                of the coordination and review processes to ensure 
                national airspace safety while minimizing bureaucracy.
                    (H) Best practices for the consistent operation of 
                C-UAS systems to the maximum extent practicable.
                    (I) Current airspace authorization information 
                shared by automated approval processes for airspace 
                authorizations, such as the Low Altitude Authorization 
                and Notification Capability.
                    (J) Such other matters the Administrator considers 
                necessary for the safe and lawful operation of C-UAS 
                systems.
            (3) Similar interagency coordination processes already used 
        for other matters that may be used as a model for improving the 
        interagency coordination for the usage of C-UAS systems.

    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date upon which the 
review in subsection (a) is initiated, the Administrator shall submit to 
the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives, the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives, and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation in the Senate, and the Committee on Armed Services of the 
Senate, a report on the Administration's activities related to C-UAS 
systems, including--
            (1) any coordination with Federal agencies and States, 
        subdivisions and States, political authorities of at least 2 
        States that operate C-UAS systems;
            (2) an assessment of the standards being utilized for the 
        operation of a counter-UAS systems within the United States 
        (including the territories and possessions of the United 
        States);
            (3) an assessment of the efficiency and effectiveness of the 
        interagency coordination and review processes to ensure national 
        airspace safety while minimizing bureaucracy; and
            (4) a review of any additional authorities needed by the 
        Federal Aviation Administration to effectively oversee the 
        management of C-UAS systems within the United States (including 
        the territories and possessions of the United States).

[[Page 132 STAT. 3310]]

SEC. 365. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44810 note.>>  COOPERATION RELATED TO 
                        CERTAIN COUNTER-UAS TECHNOLOGY.

    In matters relating to the use of systems in the national airspace 
system intended to mitigate threats posed by errant or hostile unmanned 
aircraft system operations, the Secretary of Transportation shall 
consult with the Secretary of Defense to streamline deployment of such 
systems by drawing upon the expertise and experience of the Department 
of Defense in acquiring and operating such systems consistent with the 
safe and efficient operation of the national airspace system.
SEC. 366. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44801 note.>> STRATEGY FOR RESPONDING TO 
                        PUBLIC SAFETY THREATS AND ENFORCEMENT 
                        UTILITY OF UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration 
shall develop a comprehensive strategy to provide outreach to State and 
local governments and provide guidance for local law enforcement 
agencies and first responders with respect to--
            (1) how to identify and respond to public safety threats 
        posed by unmanned aircraft systems; and
            (2) how to identify and take advantage of opportunities to 
        use unmanned aircraft systems to enhance the effectiveness of 
        local law enforcement agencies and first responders.

    (b) Resources.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator shall establish a publicly available 
Internet website that contains resources for State and local law 
enforcement agencies and first responders seeking--
            (1) to respond to public safety threats posed by unmanned 
        aircraft systems; and
            (2) to identify and take advantage of opportunities to use 
        unmanned aircraft systems to enhance the effectiveness of local 
        law enforcement agencies and public safety response efforts.

    (c) Unmanned Aircraft System Defined.--In this section, the term 
``unmanned aircraft system'' has the meaning given that term in section 
44801 of title 49, United States Code, as added by this Act.
SEC. 367. INCORPORATION OF FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION 
                        OCCUPATIONS RELATING TO UNMANNED AIRCRAFT 
                        INTO VETERANS EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS OF THE 
                        ADMINISTRATION.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, the Secretary of 
Defense, and the Secretary of Labor, shall determine whether occupations 
of the Administration relating to unmanned aircraft systems technology 
and regulations can be incorporated into the Veterans' Employment 
Program of the Administration, particularly in the interaction between 
such program and the New Sights Work Experience Program and the Vet-Link 
Cooperative Education Program.
SEC. 368. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44806 note.>>  PUBLIC UAS ACCESS TO 
                        SPECIAL USE AIRSPACE.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Transportation shall issue guidance for the expedited and 
timely access to special use airspace for public unmanned aircraft 
systems in order to assist Federal, State, local,

[[Page 132 STAT. 3311]]

or tribal law enforcement organizations in conducting law enforcement, 
emergency response, or for other activities.
SEC. 369. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  APPLICATIONS FOR 
                        DESIGNATION.

    Section 2209 of the FAA Extension, Safety, and Security Act of 2016 
(Public Law 114-190; 130 Stat. 615) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(1)(C)(i), by striking ``and 
        distribution facilities and equipment'' and inserting 
        ``distribution facilities and equipment, and railroad 
        facilities''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(e) Deadlines.--
            ``(1) Not later than March 31, 2019, the Administrator shall 
        publish a notice of proposed rulemaking to carry out the 
        requirements of this section.
            ``(2) Not later than 12 months after publishing the notice 
        of proposed rulemaking under paragraph (1), the Administrator 
        shall issue a final rule.''.
SEC. 370. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON ADDITIONAL RULEMAKING AUTHORITY.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) beyond visual line of sight operations, nighttime 
        operations, and operations over people of unmanned aircraft 
        systems have tremendous potential--
                    (A) to enhance both commercial and academic use;
                    (B) to spur economic growth and development through 
                innovative applications of this emerging technology; and
                    (C) to improve emergency response efforts as it 
                relates to assessing damage to critical infrastructure 
                such as roads, bridges, and utilities, including water 
                and power, ultimately speeding response time;
            (2) advancements in miniaturization of safety technologies, 
        including for aircraft weighing under 4.4 pounds, have increased 
        economic opportunities for using unmanned aircraft systems while 
        reducing kinetic energy and risk compared to unmanned aircraft 
        that may weigh 4.4 pounds or more, but less than 55 pounds;
            (3) advancements in unmanned technology will have the 
        capacity to ultimately improve manned aircraft safety; and
            (4) integrating unmanned aircraft systems safely into the 
        national airspace, including beyond visual line of sight 
        operations, nighttime operations on a routine basis, and 
        operations over people should remain a top priority for the 
        Federal Aviation Administration as it pursues additional 
        rulemakings under the amendments made by this section.
SEC. 371. ASSESSMENT OF AIRCRAFT REGISTRATION FOR SMALL UNMANNED 
                        AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Evaluation.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall enter into an 
agreement with the National Academy of Public Administration, to 
estimate and assess compliance with and the effectiveness of the 
registration of small unmanned aircraft systems by the Federal Aviation 
Administration pursuant to the interim final rule issued on December 16, 
2015, titled ``Registration and Marking Requirements for Small Unmanned 
Aircraft'' (80 Fed. Reg. 78593).

[[Page 132 STAT. 3312]]

    (b) Metrics.--Upon receiving the assessment, the Secretary shall, to 
the extent practicable, develop metrics to measure compliance with the 
interim final rule described in subsection (a), and any subsequent final 
rule, including metrics with respect to--
            (1) the levels of compliance with the interim final rule and 
        any subsequent final rule;
            (2) the number of enforcement actions taken by the 
        Administration for violations of or noncompliance with the 
        interim final rule and any subsequent final rule, together with 
        a description of the actions; and
            (3) the effect of the interim final rule and any subsequent 
        final rule on compliance with any fees associated with the use 
        of small unmanned aircraft systems.

    (c) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report containing--
            (1) the results of the assessment required under subsection 
        (a);
            (2) the metrics required under subsection (b) and how the 
        Secretary will track these metrics; and
            (3) recommendations to Congress for improvements to the 
        registration process for small unmanned aircraft, if necessary.
SEC. 372. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44810 note.>>  ENFORCEMENT.

    (a) UAS Safety Enforcement.--The Administrator of the Federal 
Aviation Administration shall establish a pilot program to utilize 
available remote detection or identification technologies for safety 
oversight, including enforcement actions against operators of unmanned 
aircraft systems that are not in compliance with applicable Federal 
aviation laws, including regulations.
    (b) Reporting.--As part of the pilot program, the Administrator 
shall establish and publicize a mechanism for the public and Federal, 
State, and local law enforcement to report suspected operation of 
unmanned aircraft in violation of applicable Federal laws and 
regulations.
    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of the FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018, and annually 
thereafter through the duration of the pilot program established in 
subsection (a), the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report on the following:
            (1) The number of unauthorized unmanned aircraft operations 
        detected in restricted airspace, including in and around 
        airports, together with a description of such operations.
            (2) The number of enforcement cases brought by the Federal 
        Aviation Administration or other Federal agencies for 
        unauthorized operation of unmanned aircraft detected through the 
        program, together with a description of such cases.
            (3) Recommendations for safety and operational standards for 
        unmanned aircraft detection and mitigation systems.
            (4) Recommendations for any legislative or regulatory 
        changes related to mitigation or detection or identification of 
        unmanned aircraft systems.

    (d) Sunset.--The pilot program established in subsection (a) shall 
terminate on September 30, 2023.
    (e) Civil Penalties.--Section 46301 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--

[[Page 132 STAT. 3313]]

            (1) in subsection (a)(1)(A), by inserting ``chapter 448,'' 
        after ``chapter 447 (except sections 44717 and 44719-44723),'';
            (2) in subsection (a)(5)(A)(i), by inserting ``chapter 
        448,'' after ``chapter 447 (except sections 44717-44723),'';
            (3) in subsection (d)(2), by inserting ``chapter 448,'' 
        after ``chapter 447 (except sections 44717 and 44719-44723),''; 
        and
            (4) in subsection (f)(1)(A)(i), by inserting ``chapter 
        448,'' after ``chapter 447 (except sections 44717 and 44719-
        44723),''.

    (f) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to limit the authority of the Administrator to pursue an 
enforcement action for a violation of this subtitle or any other 
applicable provision of aviation safety law or regulation using remote 
detection or identification or other technology following the sunset of 
the pilot program.
SEC. 373. FEDERAL AND LOCAL AUTHORITIES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall--
            (1) conduct a study on the relative roles of the Federal 
        Government, State, local and Tribal governments in the 
        regulation and oversight of low-altitude operations of unmanned 
        aircraft systems in the national airspace system; and
            (2) submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
        report on the study, including the Comptroller General's 
        findings and conclusions.

    (b) Contents.--The study under subsection (a) shall review the 
following:
            (1) The current state of the law with respect to Federal 
        authority over low-altitude operations of unmanned aircraft 
        systems in the national airspace system.
            (2) The current state of the law with respect to State, 
        local, and Tribal authority over low-altitude operations of 
        unmanned aircraft systems in the national airspace system.
            (3) Potential gaps between authorities under paragraphs (1) 
        and (2).
            (4) The degree of regulatory consistency required among the 
        Federal Government, State governments, local governments, and 
        Tribal governments for the safe and financially viable growth 
        and development of the unmanned aircraft industry.
            (5) The interests of Federal, State, local, and Tribal 
        governments affected by low-altitude operations of unmanned 
        aircraft systems and the authorities of those governments to 
        protect such interests.
            (6) The infrastructure requirements necessary for monitoring 
        the low-altitude operations of small unmanned aircraft and 
        enforcing applicable laws.
SEC. 374. SPECTRUM.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 270 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, and after consultation with relevant stakeholders, the 
Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration, the National 
Telecommunications and Information Administration, and the Federal 
Communications Commission, shall submit to the Committee on Commerce, 
Science, and Transportation of the Senate, the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House

[[Page 132 STAT. 3314]]

of Representatives, and the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the 
House of Representatives a report--
            (1) on whether unmanned aircraft systems operations should 
        be permitted, but not required, to operate on spectrum that was 
        recommended for allocation for AM(R)S and control links for UAS 
        by the World Radio Conferences in 2007 (L-band, 960-1164 MHz) 
        and 2012 (C-band, 5030-5091 MHz), on an unlicensed, shared, or 
        exclusive basis, for operations within the UTM system or outside 
        of such a system;
            (2) that addresses any technological, statutory, regulatory, 
        and operational barriers to the use of such spectrum; and
            (3) that, if it is determined that some spectrum frequencies 
        are not suitable for beyond-visual-line-of-sight operations by 
        unmanned aircraft systems, includes recommendations of other 
        spectrum frequencies that may be appropriate for such 
        operations.

    (b) No Effect on Other Spectrum.--The report required under 
subsection (a) does not prohibit or delay use of any licensed spectrum 
to satisfy control links, tracking, diagnostics, payload communications, 
collision avoidance, and other functions for unmanned aircraft systems 
operations.
SEC. 375. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44801 note.>>  FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION 
                        AUTHORITY.

    (a) In General.--A violation of a privacy policy by a person that 
uses an unmanned aircraft system for compensation or hire, or in the 
furtherance of a business enterprise, in the national airspace system 
shall be an unfair and deceptive practice in violation of section 5(a) 
of the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 45(a)).
    (b) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``unmanned aircraft'' 
and ``unmanned aircraft system'' have the meanings given those terms in 
section 44801 of title 49, United States Code.
SEC. 376. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44802 note.>> PLAN FOR FULL OPERATIONAL 
                        CAPABILITY OF UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS 
                        TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT.

    (a) In General.--In conjunction with completing the requirements of 
section 2208 of the FAA Extension, Safety, and Security Act of 2016 (49 
U.S.C. 40101 note), subject to subsection (b) of this section, the 
Administrator, in coordination with the Administrator of the National 
Aeronautics and Space Administration, and in consultation with unmanned 
aircraft systems industry stakeholders, shall develop a plan to allow 
for the implementation of unmanned aircraft systems traffic management 
(UTM) services that expand operations beyond visual line of sight, have 
full operational capability, and ensure the safety and security of all 
aircraft.
    (b) Completion of UTM System Pilot Program.--The Administrator shall 
ensure that the UTM system pilot program, as established in section 2208 
of the FAA Extension, Safety, and Security Act of 2016 (49 U.S.C. 40101 
note), is conducted to meet the following objectives of a comprehensive 
UTM system by the conclusion of the pilot program:
            (1) In cooperation with the National Aeronautics and Space 
        Administration and manned and unmanned aircraft industry 
        stakeholders, allow testing of unmanned aircraft operations, of 
        increasing volumes and density, in airspace above test ranges, 
        as such term is defined in section 44801 of title 49, United 
        States Code, as well as other sites determined by the 
        Administrator to be suitable for UTM testing, including those

[[Page 132 STAT. 3315]]

        locations selected under the pilot program required in the 
        October 25, 2017, Presidential Memorandum entitled, ``Unmanned 
        Aircraft Systems Integration Pilot Program'' and described in 82 
        Federal Register 50301.
            (2) Permit the testing of various remote identification and 
        tracking technologies evaluated by the Unmanned Aircraft Systems 
        Identification and Tracking Aviation Rulemaking Committee.
            (3) Where the particular operational environment permits, 
        permit blanket waiver authority to allow any unmanned aircraft 
        approved by a UTM system pilot program selectee to be operated 
        under conditions currently requiring a case-by-case waiver under 
        part 107, title 14, Code of Federal Regulations, provided that 
        any blanket waiver addresses risks to airborne objects as well 
        as persons and property on the ground.

    (c) Implementation Plan Contents.--The plan required by subsection 
(a) shall--
            (1) include the development of safety standards to permit, 
        authorize, or allow the use of UTM services, which may include 
        the demonstration and validation of such services at the test 
        ranges, as defined in section 44801 of title 49, United States 
        Code, or other sites as authorized by the Administrator;
            (2) outline the roles and responsibilities of industry and 
        government in establishing UTM services that allow applicants to 
        conduct commercial and noncommercial operations, recognizing the 
        primary private sector role in the development and 
        implementation of the Low Altitude Authorization and 
        Notification Capability and future expanded UTM services;
            (3) include an assessment of various components required for 
        necessary risk reduction and mitigation in relation to the use 
        of UTM services, including--
                    (A) remote identification of both cooperative and 
                non-cooperative unmanned aircraft systems in the 
                national airspace system;
                    (B) deconfliction of cooperative unmanned aircraft 
                systems in the national airspace system by such 
                services;
                    (C) the manner in which the Federal Aviation 
                Administration will conduct oversight of UTM systems, 
                including interfaces between UTM service providers and 
                air traffic control;
                    (D) the need for additional technologies to detect 
                cooperative and non-cooperative aircraft;
                    (E) collaboration and coordination with air traffic 
                control, or management services and technologies to 
                ensure the safety oversight of manned and unmanned 
                aircraft, including--
                          (i) the Federal Aviation Administration 
                      responsibilities to collect and disseminate 
                      relevant data to UTM service providers; and
                          (ii) data exchange protocols to share UAS 
                      operator intent, operational approvals, 
                      operational restraints, and other data necessary 
                      to ensure safety or security of the National 
                      Airspace System;
                    (F) the potential for UTM services to manage 
                unmanned aircraft systems carrying either cargo, 
                payload,

[[Page 132 STAT. 3316]]

                or passengers, weighing more than 55 pounds, and 
                operating at altitudes higher than 400 feet above ground 
                level; and
                    (G) cybersecurity protections, data integrity, and 
                national and homeland security benefits; and
            (4) establish a process for--
                    (A) accepting applications for operation of UTM 
                services in the national airspace system;
                    (B) setting the standards for independent private 
                sector validation and verification that the standards 
                for UTM services established pursuant to paragraph (1) 
                enabling operations beyond visual line of sight, have 
                been met by applicants; and
                    (C) notifying the applicant, not later than 120 days 
                after the Administrator receives a complete application, 
                with a written approval, disapproval, or request to 
                modify the application.

    (d) Safety Standards.--In developing the safety standards in 
subsection (c)(1), the Administrator--
            (1) shall require that UTM services help ensure the safety 
        of unmanned aircraft and other aircraft operations that occur 
        primarily or exclusively in airspace 400 feet above ground level 
        and below, including operations conducted under a waiver issued 
        pursuant to subpart D of part 107 of title 14, Code of Federal 
        Regulations;
            (2) shall consider, as appropriate--
                    (A) protection of persons and property on the 
                ground;
                    (B) remote identification and tracking of aircraft;
                    (C) collision avoidance with respect to obstacles 
                and non-cooperative aircraft;
                    (D) deconfliction of cooperative aircraft and 
                integration of other relevant airspace considerations;
                    (E) right of way rules, inclusive of UAS operations;
                    (F) safe and reliable coordination between air 
                traffic control and other systems operated in the 
                national airspace system;
                    (G) detection of non-cooperative aircraft;
                    (H) geographic and local factors including but not 
                limited to terrain, buildings and structures;
                    (I) aircraft equipage; and
                    (J) qualifications, if any, necessary to operate UTM 
                services; and
            (3) may establish temporary flight restrictions or other 
        means available such as a certificate of waiver or authorization 
        (COA) for demonstration and validation of UTM services.

    (e) Revocation.--The Administrator may revoke the permission, 
authorization, or approval for the operation of UTM services if the 
Administrator determines that the services or its operator are no longer 
in compliance with applicable safety standards.
    (f) Low-risk Areas.--The Administrator shall establish expedited 
procedures for approval of UTM services operated in--
            (1) airspace away from congested areas; or
            (2) other airspace above areas in which operations of 
        unmanned aircraft pose low risk, as determined by the 
        Administrator.

    (g) Consultation.--In carrying out this section, the Administrator 
shall consult with other Federal agencies, as appropriate.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3317]]

    (h) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that, in 
developing the safety standards for UTM services, the Federal Aviation 
Administration shall consider ongoing research and development efforts 
on UTM services conducted by--
            (1) the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in 
        partnership with industry stakeholders;
            (2) the UTM System pilot program required by section 2208 of 
        the FAA Extension, Safety, and Security Act of 2016 (49 U.S.C. 
        40101 note); and
            (3) the participants in the pilot program required in the 
        October 25, 2017, Presidential Memorandum entitled, ``Unmanned 
        Aircraft Systems Integration Pilot Program'' and described in 82 
        Federal Register 50301.

    (i) Deadline.--Not later than 1 year after the date of conclusion of 
the UTM pilot program established in section 2208 of the FAA Extension, 
Safety, and Security Act of 2016 (49 U.S.C. 40101 note), the 
Administrator shall--
            (1) complete the plan required by subsection (a);
            (2) submit the plan to--
                    (A) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                Transportation of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology 
                and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure 
                of the House of Representatives; and
            (3) publish the plan on a publicly accessible Internet 
        website of the Federal Aviation Administration.
SEC. 377. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44802 note.>> EARLY IMPLEMENTATION OF 
                        CERTAIN UTM SERVICES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall, upon request of a UTM 
service provider, determine if certain UTM services may operate safely 
in the national airspace system before completion of the implementation 
plan required by section 376.
    (b) Assessment of UTM Services.--In making the determination under 
subsection (a), the Administrator shall assess, at a minimum, whether 
the proposed UTM services, as a result of their operational 
capabilities, reliability, intended use, areas of operation, and the 
characteristics of the aircraft involved, will maintain the safety and 
efficiency of the national airspace system and address any identified 
risks to manned or unmanned aircraft and persons and property on the 
ground.
    (c) Requirements for Safe Operation.--If the Administrator 
determines that certain UTM services may operate safely in the national 
airspace system, the Administrator shall establish requirements for 
their safe operation in the national airspace system.
    (d) Expedited Procedures.--The Administrator shall provide expedited 
procedures for making the assessment and determinations under this 
section where the UTM services will be provided primarily or exclusively 
in airspace above areas in which the operation of unmanned aircraft 
poses low risk, including but not limited to croplands and areas other 
than congested areas.
    (e) Consultation.--In carrying out this section, the Administrator 
shall consult with other Federal agencies, as appropriate.
    (f) Preexisting UTM Services Approvals.--Nothing in this Act shall 
affect or delay approvals, waivers, or exemptions granted by the 
Administrator for UTM services already in existence or approved by the 
Administrator prior to the date of enactment

[[Page 132 STAT. 3318]]

of this Act, including approvals under the Low Altitude Authorization 
and Notification Capability.
SEC. 378. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) each person that uses an unmanned aircraft system for 
        compensation or hire, or in the furtherance of a business 
        enterprise, except those operated for purposes protected by the 
        First Amendment of the Constitution, should have a written 
        privacy policy consistent with section 357 that is appropriate 
        to the nature and scope of the activities regarding the 
        collection, use, retention, dissemination, and deletion of any 
        data collected during the operation of an unmanned aircraft 
        system;
            (2) each privacy policy described in paragraph (1) should be 
        periodically reviewed and updated as necessary; and
            (3) each privacy policy described in paragraph (1) should be 
        publicly available.
SEC. 379. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44801 note.>>  COMMERCIAL AND 
                        GOVERNMENTAL OPERATORS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 270 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator shall, to the extent practicable and 
consistent with applicable law, make available in a single location on 
the website of the Department of Transportation:
            (1) Any certificate of waiver or authorization issued by the 
        Administration to Federal, State, tribal or local governments 
        for the operation of unmanned aircraft systems within 30 days of 
        issuance of such certificate of waiver or authorization.
            (2) A spreadsheet of UAS registrations, including the city, 
        state, and zip code of each registered drone owner, on its 
        website that is updated once per quarter each calendar year.
            (3) Summary descriptions and general purposes of public 
        unmanned aircraft operations, including the locations where such 
        unmanned aircraft may generally operate.
            (4) Summary descriptions of common civil unmanned aircraft 
        operations.
            (5) The expiration date of any authorization of public or 
        civil unmanned aircraft operations.
            (6) Links to websites of State agencies that enforce any 
        applicable privacy laws.
            (7) For any unmanned aircraft system, except with respect to 
        any operation protected by the First Amendment to the 
        Constitution of the United States, that will collect personally 
        identifiable information about individuals, including the use of 
        facial recognition--
                    (A) the circumstance under which the system will be 
                used;
                    (B) the specific kinds of personally identifiable 
                information that the system will collect about 
                individuals; and
                    (C) how the information referred to in subparagraph 
                (B), and the conclusions drawn from such information, 
                will be used, disclosed, and otherwise handled, 
                including--
                          (i) how the collection or retention of such 
                      information that is unrelated to the specific use 
                      will be minimized;
                          (ii) under what circumstances such information 
                      might be sold, leased, or otherwise provided to 
                      third parties;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3319]]

                          (iii) the period during which such information 
                      will be retained;
                          (iv) when and how such information, including 
                      information no longer relevant to the specified 
                      use, will be destroyed; and
                          (v) steps that will be used to protect against 
                      the unauthorized disclosure of any information or 
                      data, such as the use of encryption methods and 
                      other security features.
            (8) With respect to public unmanned aircraft systems--
                    (A) the locations where the unmanned aircraft system 
                will operate;
                    (B) the time during which the unmanned aircraft 
                system will operate;
                    (C) the general purpose of the flight; and
                    (D) the technical capabilities that the unmanned 
                aircraft system possesses.

    (b) Exceptions.--The Administrator shall not disclose information 
pursuant to subsection (a) if the Administrator determines that the 
release of such information--
            (1) is not applicable;
            (2) is not practicable, including when the information is 
        not available to the Administrator;
            (3) is not in compliance with applicable law;
            (4) would compromise national defense, homeland security or 
        law enforcement activity;
            (5) would be withheld pursuant to an exception of the 
        section 552 of title 5, United States Code (commonly known as 
        the ``Freedom of Information Act''); or
            (6) is otherwise contrary to the public interest.

    (c) Sunset.--This section will cease to be effective on the date 
that is the earlier of--
            (1) the date of publication of a Notice of Proposed 
        Rulemaking or guidance regarding remote identification standards 
        under section 2202 of the FAA Extension, Safety, and Security 
        Act of 2016 (Public Law 114-190; 130 Stat. 615); or
            (2) September 30, 2023.
SEC. 380. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44802 note.>>  TRANSITION LANGUAGE.

    (a) Regulations.--Notwithstanding the repeals under sections 341, 
348, 347, and 383 of this Act, all orders, determinations, rules, 
regulations, permits, grants, and contracts, which have been issued 
under any law described under subsection (b) of this section before the 
effective date of this Act shall continue in effect until modified or 
revoked by the Secretary of Transportation, acting through the 
Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration, as applicable, by 
a court of competent jurisdiction, or by operation of law other than 
this Act.
    (b) Laws Described.--The laws described under this subsection are as 
follows:
            (1) Section 332 of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 
        2012 (49 U.S.C. 40101 note).
            (2) Section 333 of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 
        2012 (49 U.S.C. 40101 note).
            (3) Section 334 of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 
        2012 (49 U.S.C. 40101 note).

[[Page 132 STAT. 3320]]

            (4) Section 2206 of the FAA Extension, Safety, and Security 
        Act of 2016 (Public Law 114-190; 130 Stat. 615).

    (c) Effect on Pending Proceedings.--This Act shall not affect 
administrative or judicial proceedings pending on the effective date of 
this Act.
SEC. 381. UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS IN RESTRICTED BUILDINGS OR 
                        GROUNDS.

    Section 1752 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding 
after subsection (a)(4) the following:
            ``(5) knowingly and willfully operates an unmanned aircraft 
        system with the intent to knowingly and willfully direct or 
        otherwise cause such unmanned aircraft system to enter or 
        operate within or above a restricted building or grounds;''.
SEC. 382. PROHIBITION.

    (a) Amendment.--Chapter 2 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 40A. <<NOTE: 18 USC 40A.>>  Operation of unauthorized 
                unmanned aircraft over wildfires

    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), an 
individual who operates an unmanned aircraft and knowingly or recklessly 
interferes with a wildfire suppression, or law enforcement or emergency 
response efforts related to a wildfire suppression, shall be fined under 
this title, imprisoned for not more than 2 years, or both.
    ``(b) Exceptions.--This section does not apply to the operation of 
an unmanned aircraft conducted by a unit or agency of the United States 
Government or of a State, tribal, or local government (including any 
individual conducting such operation pursuant to a contract or other 
agreement entered into with the unit or agency) for the purpose of 
protecting the public safety and welfare, including firefighting, law 
enforcement, or emergency response.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions 
apply:
            ``(1) Unmanned aircraft.--The term `unmanned aircraft' has 
        the meaning given the term in section 44801 of title 49, United 
        States Code.
            ``(2) Wildfire.--The term `wildfire' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 2 of the Emergency Wildfire Suppression Act 
        (42 U.S.C. 1856m).
            ``(3) Wildfire suppression.--The term `wildfire suppression' 
        means an effort to contain, extinguish, or suppress a 
        wildfire.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 2 of 
title 18, United States Code, <<NOTE: 18 USC 31 prec.>>  is amended by 
inserting after the item relating to section 40 the following:

``40A. Operation of unauthorized unmanned aircraft over wildfires.''.

SEC. 383. AIRPORT SAFETY AND AIRSPACE HAZARD MITIGATION AND 
                        ENFORCEMENT.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 448 of title 49, United States Code, as 
amended by this Act, is further amended by inserting at the end the 
following:

[[Page 132 STAT. 3321]]

``Sec. 44810. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44810.>>  Airport safety and airspace 
                    hazard mitigation and enforcement

    ``(a) Coordination.--The Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
Administration shall work with the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary 
of Homeland Security, and the heads of other relevant Federal 
departments and agencies for the purpose of ensuring that technologies 
or systems that are developed, tested, or deployed by Federal 
departments and agencies to detect and mitigate potential risks posed by 
errant or hostile unmanned aircraft system operations do not adversely 
impact or interfere with safe airport operations, navigation, air 
traffic services, or the safe and efficient operation of the national 
airspace system.
    ``(b) Plan.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Administrator shall develop a plan 
        for the certification, permitting, authorizing, or allowing of 
        the deployment of technologies or systems for the detection and 
        mitigation of unmanned aircraft systems.
            ``(2) Contents.--The plan shall provide for the development 
        of policies, procedures, or protocols that will allow 
        appropriate officials of the Federal Aviation Administration to 
        utilize such technologies or systems to take steps to detect and 
        mitigate potential airspace safety risks posed by unmanned 
        aircraft system operations.
            ``(3) Aviation rulemaking committee.--The Administrator 
        shall charter an aviation rulemaking committee to make 
        recommendations for such a plan and any standards that the 
        Administrator determines may need to be developed with respect 
        to such technologies or systems. The Federal Advisory Committee 
        Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to an aviation rulemaking 
        committee chartered under this paragraph.
            ``(4) Non-delegation.--The plan shall not delegate any 
        authority granted to the Administrator under this section to 
        other Federal, State, local, territorial, or tribal agencies, or 
        an airport sponsor, as defined in section 47102 of title 49, 
        United States Code.

    ``(c) Airspace Hazard Mitigation Program.--In order to test and 
evaluate technologies or systems that detect and mitigate potential 
aviation safety risks posed by unmanned aircraft, the Administrator 
shall deploy such technologies or systems at 5 airports, including 1 
airport that ranks in the top 10 of the FAA's most recent Passenger 
Boarding Data.
    ``(d) Authority.--Under the testing and evaluation in subsection 
(c), the Administrator shall use unmanned aircraft detection and 
mitigation systems to detect and mitigate the unauthorized operation of 
an unmanned aircraft that poses a risk to aviation safety.
    ``(e) Aip Funding Eligibility.--Upon the certification, permitting, 
authorizing, or allowing of such technologies and systems that have been 
successfully tested under this section, an airport sponsor may apply for 
a grant under subchapter I of chapter 471 to purchase an unmanned 
aircraft detection and mitigation system. For purposes of this 
subsection, purchasing an unmanned aircraft detection and mitigation 
system shall be considered airport development (as defined in section 
47102).
    ``(f) Briefing.--The Administrator shall annually brief the 
appropriate committees of Congress, including the Committee on

[[Page 132 STAT. 3322]]

Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the Committee on the 
Judiciary of the Senate, on the implementation of this section.
    ``(g) Applicability of Other Laws.--Section 46502 of this title, 
section 32 of title 18, United States Code (commonly known as the 
Aircraft Sabotage Act), section 1031 of title 18, United States Code 
(commonly known as the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986), sections 
2510-2522 of title 18, United States Code (commonly known as the Wiretap 
Act), and sections 3121-3127 of title 18, United States Code (commonly 
known as the Pen/Trap Statute), shall not apply to activities authorized 
by the Administrator pursuant to subsection (c) and (d).
    ``(h) Sunset.--This section ceases to be effective September 30, 
2023.
    ``(i) Non-delegation.--The Administrator shall not delegate any 
authority granted to the Administrator under this section to other 
Federal, State, local, territorial, or tribal agencies, or an airport 
sponsor, as defined in section 47102 of title 49, United States Code. 
The Administrator may partner with other Federal agencies under this 
section, subject to any restrictions contained in such agencies' 
authority to operate counter unmanned aircraft systems.''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Table of contents.--The table of contents for chapter 
        448, as amended by this Act, <<NOTE: 49 USC 44801 prec.>>  is 
        further amended by inserting at the end the following:

``44810. Airport safety and airspace hazard mitigation and 
           enforcement.''.

            (2) Pilot project for airport safety and airspace hazard 
        mitigation.--Section 2206 of the FAA Extension, Safety, and 
        Security Act of 2016 (Public Law 114-190; 130 Stat. 615) and the 
        item relating to that section in the table of contents under 
        section 1(b) of that Act <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  are 
        repealed.
SEC. 384. UNSAFE OPERATION OF UNMANNED AIRCRAFT.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 2 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 39A the following:
``Sec. 39B. <<NOTE: 18 USC 39B.>>  Unsafe operation of unmanned 
                aircraft

    ``(a) Offense.--Any person who operates an unmanned aircraft and:
            ``(1) Knowingly interferes with, or disrupts the operation 
        of, an aircraft carrying 1 or more occupants operating in the 
        special aircraft jurisdiction of the United States, in a manner 
        that poses an imminent safety hazard to such occupants, shall be 
        punished as provided in subsection (c).
            ``(2) Recklessly interferes with, or disrupts the operation 
        of, an aircraft carrying 1 or more occupants operating in the 
        special aircraft jurisdiction of the United States, in a manner 
        that poses an imminent safety hazard to such occupants, shall be 
        punished as provided in subsection (c).

    ``(b) Operation of Unmanned Aircraft in Close Proximity to 
Airports.--
            ``(1) In general.--Any person who, without authorization, 
        knowingly operates an unmanned aircraft within a runway 
        exclusion zone shall be punished as provided in subsection (c).

[[Page 132 STAT. 3323]]

            ``(2) Runway exclusion zone defined.--In this subsection, 
        the term `runway exclusion zone' means a rectangular area--
                    ``(A) centered on the centerline of an active runway 
                of an airport immediately around which the airspace is 
                designated as class B, class C, or class D airspace at 
                the surface under part 71 of title 14, Code of Federal 
                Regulations; and
                    ``(B) the length of which extends parallel to the 
                runway's centerline to points that are 1 statute mile 
                from each end of the runway and the width of which is 
                \1/2\ statute mile.

    ``(c) Penalty.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        punishment for an offense under subsections (a) or (b) shall be 
        a fine under this title, imprisonment for not more than 1 year, 
        or both.
            ``(2) Serious bodily injury or death.--Any person who:
                    ``(A) Causes serious bodily injury or death during 
                the commission of an offense under subsection (a)(2) 
                shall be fined under this title, imprisoned for a term 
                of up to 10 years, or both.
                    ``(B) Causes, or attempts or conspires to cause, 
                serious bodily injury or death during the commission of 
                an offense under subsections (a)(1) and (b) shall be 
                fined under this title, imprisoned for any term of years 
                or for life, or both.''.

    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for chapter 2 of title 
18, United States Code, <<NOTE: 18 USC 31 prec.>>  is amended by 
inserting after the item relating to section 39A the following:

``39B. Unsafe operation of unmanned aircraft.''.

Subtitle C <<NOTE: Fairness for Pilots Act.>> --General Aviation Safety
SEC. 391. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ``Fairness for Pilots Act''.
SEC. 392. EXPANSION OF PILOT'S BILL OF RIGHTS.

    (a) Notification of Investigation.--Subsection (b) of section 2 of 
the Pilot's Bill of Rights (Public Law 112-153; 126 Stat. 1159; 49 
U.S.C. 44703 note) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)(A), by inserting ``and the specific 
        activity on which the investigation is based'' after ``nature of 
        the investigation'';
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``timely''; and
            (3) in paragraph (5), by striking ``section 44709(c)(2)'' 
        and inserting ``section 44709(e)(2)''.

    (b) Release of Investigative Reports.--Section 2 of the Pilot's Bill 
of Rights (Public Law 112-153; 126 Stat. 1159; 49 U.S.C. 44703 note) is 
further amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Release of Investigative Reports.--
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Emergency orders.--In any proceeding conducted 
                under part 821 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, 
                relating to the amendment, modification, suspension, or 
                revocation of an airman certificate, in which the 
                Administrator issues an emergency order under 
                subsections

[[Page 132 STAT. 3324]]

                (d) and (e) of section 44709, section 44710, or section 
                46105(c) of title 49, United States Code, or another 
                order that takes effect immediately, the Administrator 
                shall provide, upon request, to the individual holding 
                the airman certificate the releasable portion of the 
                investigative report at the time the Administrator 
                issues the order. If the complete Report of 
                Investigation is not available at the time of the 
                request, the Administrator shall issue all portions of 
                the report that are available at the time and shall 
                provide the full report not later than 5 days after its 
                completion.
                    ``(B) Other orders.--In any nonemergency proceeding 
                conducted under part 821 of title 49, Code of Federal 
                Regulations, relating to the amendment, modification, 
                suspension, or revocation of an airman certificate, in 
                which the Administrator notifies the certificate holder 
                of a proposed certificate action under subsections (b) 
                and (c) of section 44709 or section 44710 of title 49, 
                United States Code, the Administrator shall, upon the 
                written request of the covered certificate holder and at 
                any time after that notification, provide to the covered 
                certificate holder the releasable portion of the 
                investigative report.
            ``(2) Motion for dismissal.--If the Administrator does not 
        provide the releasable portions of the investigative report to 
        the individual holding the airman certificate subject to the 
        proceeding referred to in paragraph (1) by the time required by 
        that paragraph, the individual may move to dismiss the complaint 
        of the Administrator or for other relief and, unless the 
        Administrator establishes good cause for the failure to provide 
        the investigative report or for a lack of timeliness, the 
        administrative law judge shall order such relief as the judge 
        considers appropriate.
            ``(3) Releasable portion of investigative report.--For 
        purposes of paragraph (1), the releasable portion of an 
        investigative report is all information in the report, except 
        for the following:
                    ``(A) Information that is privileged.
                    ``(B) Information that constitutes work product or 
                reflects internal deliberative process.
                    ``(C) Information that would disclose the identity 
                of a confidential source.
                    ``(D) Information the disclosure of which is 
                prohibited by any other provision of law.
                    ``(E) Information that is not relevant to the 
                subject matter of the proceeding.
                    ``(F) Information the Administrator can demonstrate 
                is withheld for good cause.
                    ``(G) Sensitive security information, as defined in 
                section 15.5 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations 
                (or any corresponding similar ruling or regulation).
            ``(4) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this subsection 
        shall be construed to prevent the Administrator from releasing 
        to an individual subject to an investigation described in 
        subsection (b)(1)--
                    ``(A) information in addition to the information 
                included in the releasable portion of the investigative 
                report; or

[[Page 132 STAT. 3325]]

                    ``(B) a copy of the investigative report before the 
                Administrator issues a complaint.''.
SEC. 393. NOTIFICATION OF REEXAMINATION OF CERTIFICATE HOLDERS.

    (a) In General.--Section 44709(a) of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``The Administrator'' and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(1) In general.--The Administrator'';
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Notification of reexamination of airman.--Before 
        taking any action to reexamine an airman under paragraph (1) the 
        Administrator shall provide to the airman--
                    ``(A) a reasonable basis, described in detail, for 
                requesting the reexamination; and
                    ``(B) any information gathered by the Federal 
                Aviation Administration, that the Administrator 
                determines is appropriate to provide, such as the scope 
                and nature of the requested reexamination, that formed 
                the basis for that justification.''.
SEC. 394. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 note.>> EXPEDITING UPDATES TO NOTAM 
                        PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Beginning on the date that is 180 days after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator may not take any 
enforcement action against any individual for a violation of a NOTAM (as 
defined in section 3 of the Pilot's Bill of Rights (49 U.S.C. 44701 
note)) until the Administrator certifies to the appropriate committees 
of Congress that the Administrator has complied with the requirements of 
section 3 of the Pilot's Bill of Rights, as amended by this section.
    (b) Amendments.--Section 3 of the Pilot's Bill of Rights (Public Law 
112-153; 126 Stat. 1162; 49 U.S.C. 44701 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by striking ``this Act'' and inserting 
                      ``the Fairness for Pilots Act''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``begin'' and inserting 
                      ``complete the implementation of'';
                    (B) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as follows:
                    ``(B) to continue developing and modernizing the 
                NOTAM repository, in a public central location, to 
                maintain and archive all NOTAMs, including the original 
                content and form of the notices, the original date of 
                publication, and any amendments to such notices with the 
                date of each amendment, in a manner that is Internet-
                accessible, machine-readable, and searchable;'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) to specify the times during which temporary 
                flight restrictions are in effect and the duration of a 
                designation of special use airspace in a specific 
                area.''; and
            (2) by amending subsection (d) to read as follows:

    ``(d) Designation of Repository as Sole Source for NOTAMs.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Administrator--

[[Page 132 STAT. 3326]]

                    ``(A) shall consider the repository for NOTAMs under 
                subsection (a)(2)(B) to be the sole location for airmen 
                to check for NOTAMs; and
                    ``(B) may not consider a NOTAM to be announced or 
                published until the NOTAM is included in the repository 
                for NOTAMs under subsection (a)(2)(B).
            ``(2) Prohibition on taking action for violations of notams 
        not in repository.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), beginning on the date that the 
                repository under subsection (a)(2)(B) is final and 
                published, the Administrator may not take any 
                enforcement action against an airman for a violation of 
                a NOTAM during a flight if--
                          ``(i) that NOTAM is not available through the 
                      repository before the commencement of the flight; 
                      and
                          ``(ii) that NOTAM is not reasonably accessible 
                      and identifiable to the airman.
                    ``(B) Exception for national security.--Subparagraph 
                (A) shall not apply in the case of an enforcement action 
                for a violation of a NOTAM that directly relates to 
                national security.''.
SEC. 395. ACCESSIBILITY OF CERTAIN FLIGHT DATA.

    (a) In General.--Subchapter I of chapter 471 of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after section 47124 the following:
``Sec. 47124a. <<NOTE: 49 USC 47124a.>>  Accessibility of certain 
                      flight data

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Administration.--The term `Administration' means the 
        Federal Aviation Administration.
            ``(2) Administrator.--The term `Administrator' means the 
        Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration.
            ``(3) Applicable individual.--The term `applicable 
        individual' means an individual who is the subject of an 
        investigation initiated by the Administrator related to a 
        covered flight record.
            ``(4) Contract tower.--The term `contract tower' means an 
        air traffic control tower providing air traffic control services 
        pursuant to a contract with the Administration under section 
        47124.
            ``(5) Covered flight record.--The term `covered flight 
        record' means any air traffic data (as defined in section 
        2(b)(4)(B) of the Pilot's Bill of Rights (49 U.S.C. 44703 
        note)), created, maintained, or controlled by any program of the 
        Administration, including any program of the Administration 
        carried out by employees or contractors of the Administration, 
        such as contract towers, flight service stations, and controller 
        training programs.

    ``(b) Provision of Covered Flight Record to Administration.--
            ``(1) Requests.--Whenever the Administration receives a 
        written request for a covered flight record from an applicable 
        individual and the covered flight record is not in the 
        possession of the Administration, the Administrator shall 
        request the covered flight record from the contract tower or 
        other contractor of the Administration in possession of the 
        covered flight record.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3327]]

            ``(2) Provision of records.--Any covered flight record 
        created, maintained, or controlled by a contract tower or 
        another contractor of the Administration that maintains covered 
        flight records shall be provided to the Administration if the 
        Administration requests the record pursuant to paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Notice of proposed certificate action.--If the 
        Administrator has issued, or subsequently issues, a Notice of 
        Proposed Certificate Action relying on evidence contained in the 
        covered flight record and the individual who is the subject of 
        an investigation has requested the record, the Administrator 
        shall promptly produce the record and extend the time the 
        individual has to respond to the Notice of Proposed Certificate 
        Action until the covered flight record is provided.

    ``(c) Implementation.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of the Fairness for Pilots Act, the Administrator 
        shall promulgate regulations or guidance to ensure compliance 
        with this section.
            ``(2) Compliance by contractors.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Compliance with this section by a 
                contract tower or other contractor of the Administration 
                that maintains covered flight records shall be included 
                as a material term in any contract between the 
                Administration and the contract tower or contractor 
                entered into or renewed on or after the date of 
                enactment of the Fairness for Pilots Act.
                    ``(B) Nonapplicability.--Subparagraph (A) shall not 
                apply to any contract or agreement in effect on the date 
                of enactment of the Fairness for Pilots Act unless the 
                contract or agreement is renegotiated, renewed, or 
                modified after that date.

    ``(d) Protection of Certain Data.--The Administrator of the Federal 
Aviation Administration may withhold information that would otherwise be 
required to be made available under section only if--
            ``(1) the Administrator determines, based on information in 
        the possession of the Administrator, that the Administrator may 
        withhold the information in accordance with section 552a of 
        title 5, United States Code; or
            ``(2) the information is submitted pursuant to a voluntary 
        safety reporting program covered by section 40123 of title 49, 
        United States Code.''.

    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--The table of contents for 
chapter 471 <<NOTE: 49 USC 47101 prec.>>  is amended by inserting after 
the item relating to section 47124 the following:

``47124a. Accessibility of certain flight data.''.

SEC. 396. <<NOTE: 49 USC 46101 note.>>  AUTHORITY FOR LEGAL 
                        COUNSEL TO ISSUE CERTAIN NOTICES.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator shall designate the appropriate legal counsel of the 
Administration as an appropriate official for purposes of section 13.11 
of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3328]]

                   TITLE IV--AIR SERVICE IMPROVEMENTS

            Subtitle A--Airline Customer Service Improvements

SEC. 401. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  DEFINITIONS.

    In this title:
            (1) Covered air carrier.--The term ``covered air carrier'' 
        means an air carrier or a foreign air carrier as those terms are 
        defined in section 40102 of title 49, United States Code.
            (2) Online service.--The term ``online service'' means any 
        service available over the internet, or that connects to the 
        internet or a wide-area network.
            (3) Ticket agent.--The term ``ticket agent'' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 40102 of title 49, United States Code.
SEC. 402. RELIABLE AIR SERVICE IN AMERICAN SAMOA.

    Section 40109(g) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2) by striking subparagraph (C) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(C) review the exemption at least every 30 days (or, in 
        the case of an exemption that is necessary to provide and 
        sustain air transportation in American Samoa between the islands 
        of Tutuila and Manu'a, at least every 180 days) to ensure that 
        the unusual circumstances that established the need for the 
        exemption still exist.''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following:
            ``(3) Renewal of exemptions.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the Secretary may renew an exemption 
                (including renewals) under this subsection for not more 
                than 30 days.
                    ``(B) Exception.--The Secretary may renew an 
                exemption (including renewals) under this subsection 
                that is necessary to provide and sustain air 
                transportation in American Samoa between the islands of 
                Tutuila and Manu'a for not more than 180 days.
            ``(4) Continuation of exemptions.--An exemption granted by 
        the Secretary under this subsection may continue for not more 
        than 5 days after the unusual circumstances that established the 
        need for the exemption cease.''.
SEC. 403. CELL PHONE VOICE COMMUNICATION BAN.

    (a) In General.--Subchapter I of chapter 417 of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 41725. <<NOTE: 49 USC 41725.>>  Prohibition on certain cell 
                    phone voice communications

    ``(a) Prohibition.--The Secretary of Transportation shall issue 
regulations--
            ``(1) to prohibit an individual on an aircraft from engaging 
        in voice communications using a mobile communications device 
        during a flight of that aircraft in scheduled passenger 
        interstate or intrastate air transportation; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3329]]

            ``(2) that exempt from the prohibition described in 
        paragraph (1) any--
                    ``(A) member of the flight crew on duty on an 
                aircraft;
                    ``(B) flight attendant on duty on an aircraft; and
                    ``(C) Federal law enforcement officer acting in an 
                official capacity.

    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions 
apply:
            ``(1) Flight.--The term `flight' means, with respect to an 
        aircraft, the period beginning when the aircraft takes off and 
        ending when the aircraft lands.
            ``(2) Mobile communications device.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `mobile communications 
                device' means any portable wireless telecommunications 
                equipment utilized for the transmission or reception of 
                voice data.
                    ``(B) Limitation.--The term `mobile communications 
                device' does not include a phone installed on an 
                aircraft.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 417 of title 49, 
United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC 41701 prec.>>  is amended by 
inserting after the item relating to section 41724 the following:

``41725. Prohibition on certain cell phone voice communications.''.

SEC. 404. IMPROVED NOTIFICATION OF INSECTICIDE USE.

    Section 42303(b) of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read 
as follows:
    ``(b) Required Disclosures.--An air carrier, foreign air carrier, or 
ticket agent selling, in the United States, a ticket for a flight in 
foreign air transportation to a country listed on the internet website 
established under subsection (a) shall--
            ``(1) disclose, on its own internet website or through other 
        means, that the destination country may require the air carrier 
        or foreign air carrier to treat an aircraft passenger cabin with 
        insecticides prior to the flight or to apply an aerosol 
        insecticide in an aircraft cabin used for such a flight when the 
        cabin is occupied with passengers; and
            ``(2) refer the purchaser of the ticket to the internet 
        website established under subsection (a) for additional 
        information.''.
SEC. 405. CONSUMER COMPLAINTS HOTLINE.

    Section 42302 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(d) Use of New Technologies.--The Secretary shall periodically 
evaluate the benefits of using mobile phone applications or other widely 
used technologies to provide new means for air passengers to communicate 
complaints in addition to the telephone number established under 
subsection (a) and shall provide such new means as the Secretary 
determines appropriate.''.
SEC. 406. CONSUMER INFORMATION ON ACTUAL FLIGHT TIMES.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Transportation shall conduct a study on 
the feasibility and advisability of modifying regulations contained in 
section 234.11 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations, to ensure 
that--
            (1) a reporting carrier (including its contractors), during 
        the course of a reservation or ticketing discussion or other 
        inquiry, discloses to a consumer upon reasonable request the

[[Page 132 STAT. 3330]]

        projected period between the actual wheels-off and wheels-on 
        times for a reportable flight; and
            (2) a reporting carrier displays, on the public internet 
        website of the carrier, information on the actual wheels-off and 
        wheels-on times during the most recent calendar month for a 
        reportable flight.

    (b) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``reporting carrier'' 
and ``reportable flight'' have the meanings given those terms in section 
234.2 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (as in effect on the date 
of enactment of this Act).
    (c) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Transportation 
and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a report on the 
results of the study.
SEC. 407. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40127 note.>>  TRAINING POLICIES 
                        REGARDING RACIAL, ETHNIC, AND RELIGIOUS 
                        NONDISCRIMINATION.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress and the Secretary 
of Transportation a report describing--
            (1) each air carrier's training policy for its employees and 
        contractors regarding racial, ethnic, and religious 
        nondiscrimination; and
            (2) how frequently an air carrier is required to train new 
        employees and contractors because of turnover in positions that 
        require such training.

    (b) Best Practices.--After the date the report is submitted under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall develop and disseminate to air 
carriers best practices necessary to improve the training policies 
described in subsection (a), based on the findings of the report and in 
consultation with--
            (1) passengers of diverse racial, ethnic, and religious 
        backgrounds;
            (2) national organizations that represent impacted 
        communities;
            (3) air carriers;
            (4) airport operators; and
            (5) contract service providers.
SEC. 408. TRAINING ON HUMAN TRAFFICKING FOR CERTAIN STAFF.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 447 of title 49, United States Code, as 
amended by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:
``Sec. 44738. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44738.>>  Training on human 
                    trafficking for certain staff

    ``In addition to other training requirements, each air carrier shall 
provide training to ticket counter agents, gate agents, and other air 
carrier workers whose jobs require regular interaction with passengers 
on recognizing and responding to potential human trafficking victims.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 447 of title 49, 
United States Code, as amended by this Act, <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 
prec.>>  is further amended by adding at the end the following:

``44738. Training on human trafficking for certain staff.''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3331]]

SEC. 409. PROHIBITIONS AGAINST SMOKING ON PASSENGER FLIGHTS.

    Section 41706 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:

    ``(d) Electronic Cigarettes.--
            ``(1) Inclusion.--The use of an electronic cigarette shall 
        be treated as smoking for purposes of this section.
            ``(2) Electronic cigarette defined.--In this section, the 
        term `electronic cigarette' means a device that delivers 
        nicotine to a user of the device in the form of a vapor that is 
        inhaled to simulate the experience of smoking.''.
SEC. 410. REPORT ON BAGGAGE REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

    Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Transportation shall--
            (1) study and publicize for comment a cost-benefit analysis 
        to air carriers and consumers of changing the baggage reporting 
        requirements of section 234.6 of title 14, Code of Federal 
        Regulations, before the implementation of such requirements; and
            (2) submit a report on the findings of the cost-benefit 
        analysis to the appropriate committees of Congress.
SEC. 411. ENFORCEMENT OF AVIATION CONSUMER PROTECTION RULES.

    (a) In General.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a study to consider and evaluate Department of Transportation 
enforcement of aviation consumer protection rules.
    (b) Contents.--The study under subsection (a) shall include an 
evaluation of--
            (1) available enforcement mechanisms;
            (2) any obstacles to enforcement; and
            (3) trends in Department of Transportation enforcement 
        actions.

    (c) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report on the study, including the Comptroller 
General's findings, conclusions, and recommendations.
SEC. 412. STROLLERS.

    (a) In General.--Subchapter I of chapter 417 of title 49, United 
States Code, as amended by this Act, is further amended by adding at the 
end the following:
``Sec. 41726. <<NOTE: 49 USC 41726.>>  Strollers

    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), a covered 
air carrier shall not deny a passenger the ability to check a stroller 
at the departure gate if the stroller is being used by a passenger to 
transport a child traveling on the same flight as the passenger.
    ``(b) Exception.--Subsection (a) shall not apply in instances where 
the size or weight of the stroller poses a safety or security risk.
    ``(c) Covered Air Carrier Defined.--In this section, the term 
`covered air carrier' means an air carrier or a foreign air carrier as 
those terms are defined in section 40102 of title 49, United States 
Code.''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3332]]

    (b) Table of Contents.--The analysis for chapter 417 of title 49, 
United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC 41701 prec.>>  is further amended by 
inserting after the item relating to section 41725 the following:

``41726. Strollers.''.

SEC. 413. CAUSES OF AIRLINE DELAYS OR CANCELLATIONS.

    (a) Review.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation, in 
        consultation with the Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
        Administration, shall review the categorization of delays and 
        cancellations with respect to air carriers that are required to 
        report such data.
            (2) Considerations.--In conducting the review under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consider, at a minimum--
                    (A) whether delays and cancellations were the result 
                of--
                          (i) decisions or matters within the control or 
                      within the discretion of the Federal Aviation 
                      Administration, including ground stop or delay 
                      management programs in response to adverse weather 
                      conditions;
                          (ii) business decisions or other matters 
                      within the air carrier's control or discretion in 
                      response to adverse weather conditions, including 
                      efforts to disrupt the travel of the fewest number 
                      of passengers; or
                          (iii) other factors;
                    (B) if the data indicate whether and to what extent 
                delays and cancellations attributed by an air carrier to 
                weather disproportionately impact service to smaller 
                airports and communities;
                    (C) whether it is an unfair or deceptive practice 
                for an air carrier to inform a passenger that a flight 
                is delayed or cancelled due to weather alone when other 
                factors are involved;
                    (D) limitations, if any, in the Federal Aviation 
                Administration air traffic control systems that reduce 
                the capacity or efficiency of the national airspace 
                system during adverse weather events; and
                    (E) relevant analytical work by academic 
                institutions.
            (3) Consultation.--The Secretary may consult air carriers 
        and the Advisory Committee for Aviation Consumer Protection, 
        established under section 411 of the FAA Modernization and 
        Reform Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 42301 prec. note), to assist in 
        conducting the review and providing recommendations on improving 
        the quality and quantity of information provided to passengers 
        adversely affected by a cancellation or delay.

    (b) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date the review under 
subsection (a) is complete, the Secretary shall submit to the 
appropriate committees of Congress a report on the review under 
subsection (a), including any recommendations.
    (c) Savings Provision.--Nothing in this section shall be construed 
as affecting or penalizing--
            (1) the decision of an air carrier to maximize its system 
        capacity during weather-related events to accommodate the 
        greatest number of passengers; or

[[Page 132 STAT. 3333]]

            (2) any decisions of an air carrier or the Federal Aviation 
        Administration in any matter related to or affecting the safety 
        of any person.
SEC. 414. INVOLUNTARY CHANGES TO ITINERARIES.

    (a) Review.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall 
        review the rate at which air carriers change passenger 
        itineraries more than 24 hours before departure, where the new 
        itineraries involve additional stops or depart 3 hours earlier 
        or later than originally scheduled and compensation or other 
        suitable air transportation is not offered. In conducting the 
        review, the Secretary shall consider the compensation and 
        alternative travel options provided or offered by the air 
        carrier in such situations.
            (2) Consultation.--The Secretary may consult with air 
        carriers and the Advisory Committee for Aviation Consumer 
        Protection, established under section 411 of the FAA 
        Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 42301 prec. 
        note), to assist in conducting the review and providing 
        recommendations.

    (b) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date the review under 
subsection (a) is complete, the Secretary shall submit to appropriate 
committees of Congress a report on the review under subsection (a).
SEC. 415. EXTENSION OF ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AVIATION CONSUMER 
                        PROTECTION.

    Section 411 of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (49 
U.S.C. 42301 prec. note) is amended in subsection (h) by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
SEC. 416. ONLINE ACCESS TO AVIATION CONSUMER PROTECTION 
                        INFORMATION.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Transportation shall--
            (1) complete an evaluation of the aviation consumer 
        protection portion of the Department of Transportation's public 
        internet website to identify any changes to the user interface, 
        including the interface presented to individuals accessing the 
        website from a mobile device, that will improve usability, 
        accessibility, consumer satisfaction, and website performance;
            (2) in completing the evaluation under paragraph (1)--
                    (A) consider the best practices of other Federal 
                agencies with effective websites; and
                    (B) consult with the Federal Web Managers Council;
            (3) develop a plan, including an implementation timeline, 
        for--
                    (A) making the changes identified under paragraph 
                (1); and
                    (B) making any necessary changes to that portion of 
                the website that will enable a consumer, in a manner 
                that protects the privacy of consumers and employees, 
                to--
                          (i) access information regarding each 
                      complaint filed with the Aviation Consumer 
                      Protection Division of the Department of 
                      Transportation;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3334]]

                          (ii) search the complaints described in clause 
                      (i) by the name of the air carrier, the dates of 
                      departure and arrival, the airports of origin and 
                      departure, and the type of complaint; and
                          (iii) determine the date a complaint was filed 
                      and the date a complaint was resolved; and
            (4) submit the evaluation and plan to appropriate committees 
        of Congress.
SEC. 417. PROTECTION OF PETS ON AIRPLANES.

    (a) Prohibition.--Chapter 447 of title 49, United States Code, is 
further amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 44739. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44739.>>  Pets on airplanes

    ``(a) Prohibition.--It shall be unlawful for any person to place a 
live animal in an overhead storage compartment of an aircraft operated 
under part 121 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations.
    ``(b) Civil Penalty.--The Administrator may impose a civil penalty 
under section 46301 for each violation of this section.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 447 of title 49, 
United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 prec.>>  is further amended by 
adding at the end the following:

``44739. Pets on airplanes.''.

SEC. 418. <<NOTE: 49 USC 42301 note prec.>>  ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON 
                        AIR AMBULANCE AND PATIENT BILLING.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 60 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall establish an advisory 
committee for the purpose of reviewing options to improve the disclosure 
of charges and fees for air medical services, better inform consumers of 
insurance options for such services, and protect consumers from balance 
billing.
    (b) Composition of the Advisory Committee.--The advisory committee 
shall be composed of the following members:
            (1) The Secretary of Transportation, or the Secretary's 
        designee.
            (2) The Secretary of Health and Human Services, or the 
        Secretary's designee.
            (3) One representative, to be appointed by the Secretary of 
        Transportation, of each of the following:
                    (A) Each relevant Federal agency, as determined by 
                the Secretary of Transportation.
                    (B) State insurance regulators
                    (C) Health insurance providers.
                    (D) Patient advocacy groups.
                    (E) Consumer advocacy groups.
                    (F) Physician specializing in emergency, trauma, 
                cardiac, or stroke.
            (4) Three representatives, to be appointed by the Secretary 
        of Transportation, to represent the various segments of the air 
        ambulance industry.
            (5) Additional three representatives not covered under 
        paragraphs (1) through (4), as determined necessary and 
        appropriate by the Secretary.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3335]]

    (c) Consultation.--The advisory committee shall, as appropriate, 
consult with relevant experts and stakeholders not captured in (b) while 
conducting its review.
    (d) Recommendations.--The advisory committee shall make 
recommendations with respect to disclosure of charges and fees for air 
ambulance services and insurance coverage, consumer protection and 
enforcement authorities of both the Department of Transportation and 
State authorities, and the prevention of balance billing to consumers. 
The recommendations shall address, at a minimum--
            (1) the costs, benefits, practicability, and impact on all 
        stakeholders of clearly distinguishing between charges for air 
        transportation services and charges for non-air transportation 
        services in bills and invoices, including the costs, benefits, 
        and practicability of--
                    (A) developing cost-allocation methodologies to 
                separate charges for air transportation services from 
                charges for non-air transportation services; and
                    (B) formats for bills and invoices that clearly 
                distinguish between charges for air transportation 
                services and charges for non-air transportation 
                services;
            (2) options, best practices, and identified standards to 
        prevent instances of balance billing such as improving network 
        and contract negotiation, dispute resolution between health 
        insurance and air medical service providers, and explanation of 
        insurance coverage and subscription programs to consumers;
            (3) steps that can be taken by State legislatures, State 
        insurance regulators, State attorneys general, and other State 
        officials as appropriate, consistent with current legal 
        authorities regarding consumer protection;
            (4) recommendations made by the Comptroller General study, 
        GAO-17-637, including what additional data from air ambulance 
        providers and other sources should be collected by the 
        Department of Transportation to improve its understanding of the 
        air ambulance market and oversight of the air ambulance industry 
        for the purposes of pursuing action related to unfair or 
        deceptive practices or unfair methods of competition, which may 
        include--
                    (A) cost data;
                    (B) standard charges and payments received per 
                transport;
                    (C) whether the provider is part of a hospital-
                sponsored program, municipality-sponsored program, 
                hospital-independent partnership (hybrid) program, or 
                independent program;
                    (D) number of transports per base and helicopter;
                    (E) market shares of air ambulance providers 
                inclusive of any parent or holding companies;
                    (F) any data indicating the extent of competition 
                among air ambulance providers on the basis of price and 
                service;
                    (G) prices assessed to consumers and insurers for 
                air transportation and any non-transportation services 
                provided by air ambulance providers; and
                    (H) financial performance of air ambulance 
                providers;
            (5) definitions of all applicable terms that are not defined 
        in statute or regulations; and
            (6) other matters as determined necessary or appropriate.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3336]]

    (e) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the first 
meeting of the advisory committee, the advisory committee shall submit 
to the Secretary of Transportation, the Secretary of Health and Human 
Services, and the appropriate committees of Congress a report containing 
the recommendations made under subsection (d).
    (f) Rulemaking.--Upon receipt of the report under subsection (e), 
the Secretary of Transportation shall consider the recommendations of 
the advisory committee and issue regulations or other guidance as deemed 
necessary--
            (1) to require air ambulance providers to regularly report 
        data to the Department of Transportation;
            (2) to increase transparency related to Department of 
        Transportation actions related to consumer complaints; and
            (3) to provide other consumer protections for customers of 
        air ambulance providers.

    (g) Elimination of Advisory Council on Transportation Statistics.--
The Advisory Council on Transportation Statistics shall terminate on the 
date of enactment of this Act.
SEC. 419. AIR AMBULANCE COMPLAINTS TO THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                        TRANSPORTATION.

    (a) Consumer Complaints.--Section 42302 of title 49, United States 
Code, is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) by inserting ``(including 
        transportation by air ambulance (as defined by the Secretary of 
        Transportation))'' after ``air transportation''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(e) Air Ambulance Providers.--Each air ambulance provider shall 
include the hotline telephone number, link to the Internet website 
established under subsection (a), and contact information for the 
Aviation Consumer Advocate established under section 425 on--
            ``(1) any invoice, bill, or other communication provided to 
        a passenger or customer of the provider; and
            ``(2) its Internet Web site, and any related mobile device 
        application.''.

    (b) Unfair and Deceptive Practices and Unfair Methods of 
Competition.--Section 41712(a) of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting ``air ambulance consumer (as defined by the 
Secretary of Transportation),'' after ``foreign air carrier,'' in the 
first place it appears.
SEC. 420. REPORT TO CONGRESS ON AIR AMBULANCE OVERSIGHT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after submission of the 
report required under section 418, the Secretary of Transportation shall 
submit a report to the appropriate committees of Congress on air 
ambulance oversight.
    (b) Contents of Report.--The report required under subsection (a) 
shall include--
            (1) a description of how the Secretary will conduct 
        oversight of air ambulance providers, including the information 
        sources the Secretary will use to conduct such oversight; and
            (2) a timeline for the issuance of any guidance concerning 
        unfair and deceptive practices among air ambulance providers, 
        including guidance for States and political subdivisions of 
        States to refer such matters to the Secretary.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3337]]

SEC. 421. <<NOTE: 49 USC 42301 note prec.>>  REFUNDS FOR OTHER 
                        FEES THAT ARE NOT HONORED BY A COVERED AIR 
                        CARRIER.

    Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Transportation shall promulgate regulations that require 
each covered air carrier to promptly provide a refund to a passenger of 
any ancillary fees paid for services related to air travel that the 
passenger does not receive, including on the passenger's scheduled 
flight, on a subsequent replacement itinerary if there has been a 
rescheduling, or for a flight not taken by the passenger.
SEC. 422. <<NOTE: 49 USC 42301 note prec.>>  ADVANCE BOARDING 
                        DURING PREGNANCY.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Transportation shall review air carrier policies regarding 
traveling during pregnancy and, if appropriate, may revise regulations, 
as the Secretary considers necessary, to require an air carrier to offer 
advance boarding of an aircraft to a pregnant passenger who requests 
such assistance.
SEC. 423. CONSUMER COMPLAINT PROCESS IMPROVEMENT.

    (a) In General.--Section 42302(c) of title 49, United States Code is 
amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``An 
        air carrier or foreign air carrier providing scheduled air 
        transportation using any aircraft that as originally designed 
        has a passenger capacity of 30 or more passenger seats'' and 
        inserting ``Each air carrier and foreign air carrier'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``air carrier'' and 
        inserting ``carrier''; and
            (3) in paragraph (2), by striking ``air carrier'' and 
        inserting ``carrier''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 49 USC 42302 note.>>  Rulemaking.--Not later than 1 year 
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation 
shall promulgate regulations to implement the requirements of section 
42302 of title 49, United States Code, as amended by this Act.
SEC. 424. <<NOTE: 49 USC 42302 note.>>  AVIATION CONSUMER 
                        ADVOCATE.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Transportation shall review 
aviation consumer complaints received that allege a violation of law 
and, as appropriate, pursue enforcement or corrective actions that would 
be in the public interest.
    (b) Considerations.--In considering which cases to pursue for 
enforcement or corrective action under subsection (a), the Secretary 
shall consider--
            (1) the Air Carrier Access Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-435; 
        100 Stat. 1080);
            (2) unfair and deceptive practices by air carriers 
        (including air ambulance operators), foreign air carriers, and 
        ticket agents;
            (3) the terms and conditions agreed to between passengers 
        and air carriers (including air ambulance operators), foreign 
        air carriers, or ticket agents;
            (4) aviation consumer protection and tarmac delay 
        contingency planning requirements for both airports and 
        airlines;
            (5) protection of air ambulance consumers; and
            (6) any other applicable law.

    (c) Aviation Consumer Advocate.--

[[Page 132 STAT. 3338]]

            (1) In general.--Within the Aviation Consumer Protection 
        Division of the Department of Transportation, there shall be an 
        Aviation Consumer Advocate.
            (2) Functions.--The Aviation Consumer Advocate shall--
                    (A) assist consumers in resolving carrier service 
                complaints filed with the Aviation Consumer Protection 
                Division;
                    (B) review the resolution by the Department of 
                Transportation of carrier service complaints;
                    (C) identify and recommend actions the Department 
                can take to improve the enforcement of aviation consumer 
                protection rules, protection of air ambulance consumers, 
                and resolution of carrier service complaints; and
                    (D) identify and recommend regulations and policies 
                that can be amended to more effectively resolve carrier 
                service complaints.

    (d) Annual Reports.--The Secretary, through the Aviation Consumer 
Advocate, shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress an 
annual report summarizing the following:
            (1) The total number of annual complaints received by the 
        Department, including the number of complaints by the name of 
        each air carrier and foreign air carrier.
            (2) The total number of annual complaints by category of 
        complaint.
            (3) The number of complaints referred in the preceding year 
        for enforcement or corrective action by the Department.
            (4) Any recommendations under paragraphs (2)(C) and (2)(D) 
        of subsection (c).
            (5) Such other data as the Aviation Consumer Advocate 
        considers appropriate.

    (e) Sunset on Reporting Requirement.--The reporting requirement of 
subsection (d) shall terminate on September 30, 2023.
SEC. 425. <<NOTE: Transparency Improvements and Compensation to 
                        Keep Every Ticketholder Safe Act of 
                        2018.>>  TICKETS ACT.

    (a) <<NOTE: 49 USC 42301 note prec.>>  Short Title.--This section 
may be cited as the ``Transparency Improvements and Compensation to Keep 
Every Ticketholder Safe Act of 2018'' or the ``TICKETS Act''.

    (b) Boarded Passengers.--Beginning on the date of enactment of this 
Act, a covered air carrier may not deny a revenue passenger traveling on 
a confirmed reservation permission to board, or involuntarily remove 
that passenger from the aircraft, once a revenue passenger has--
            (1) checked in for the flight prior to the check-in 
        deadline; and
            (2) had their ticket or boarding pass collected or 
        electronically scanned and accepted by the gate agent.

    (c) Limitations.--The prohibition pursuant to subsection (b) shall 
not apply when--
            (1) there is a safety, security, or health risk with respect 
        to that revenue passenger or there is a safety or security issue 
        requiring removal of a revenue passenger; or
            (2) the revenue passenger is engaging in behavior that is 
        obscene, disruptive, or otherwise unlawful.

    (d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be construed 
to limit or otherwise affect the responsibility or authority of a pilot 
in command of an aircraft under section 121.533 of

[[Page 132 STAT. 3339]]

title 14, Code of Federal Regulations, or limit any penalty under 
section 46504 of title 49, United States Code.
    (e) Involuntary Denied Boarding Compensation.--Not later than 60 
days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Transportation shall issue a final rule to revise part 250 of title 14, 
Code of Federal Regulations, to clarify that--
            (1) there is not a maximum level of compensation an air 
        carrier or foreign air carrier may pay to a passenger who is 
        involuntarily denied boarding as the result of an oversold 
        flight;
            (2) the compensation levels set forth in that part are the 
        minimum levels of compensation an air carrier or foreign air 
        carrier must pay to a passenger who is involuntarily denied 
        boarding as the result of an oversold flight; and
            (3) an air carrier or foreign air carrier must proactively 
        offer to pay compensation to a passenger who is voluntarily or 
        involuntarily denied boarding on an oversold flight, rather than 
        waiting until the passenger requests the compensation.

    (f) GAO Report on Oversales.--
            (1) In general.--The Comptroller General of the United 
        States shall review airline policies and practices related to 
        oversales of flights.
            (2) Considerations.--In conducting the review under 
        paragraph (1), the Comptroller General shall examine--
                    (A) the impact on passengers as a result of an 
                oversale, including increasing or decreasing the costs 
                of passenger air transportation;
                    (B) economic and operational factors which result in 
                oversales;
                    (C) whether, and if so how, the incidence of 
                oversales varies depending on markets;
                    (D) potential consequences on the limiting of 
                oversales; and
                    (E) best practices on how oversale policies can be 
                communicated to passengers at airline check-in desks and 
                airport gates.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to 
        the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the review 
        under paragraph (2).

    (g) Gate Notice of Policies.--The Secretary may provide guidance on 
how these policies should be communicated at covered air carrier check-
in desks and airport gates.
SEC. 426. REPORT ON AVAILABILITY OF LAVATORIES ON COMMERCIAL 
                        AIRCRAFT.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report assessing--
            (1) the availability of functional lavatories on commercial 
        aircraft;
            (2) the extent to which flights take off without functional 
        lavatories;
            (3) the ability of passengers with disabilities to access 
        lavatories on commercial aircraft;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3340]]

            (4) the extent of complaints to the Department of 
        Transportation and air carriers related to lavatories and 
        efforts they have taken to address complaints; and
            (5) the extent to which air carriers are reducing the size 
        and number of lavatories to add more seats and whether this 
        creates passenger lavatory access issues.
SEC. 427. <<NOTE: 49 USC 42301 note prec.>>  CONSUMER PROTECTION 
                        REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO LARGE TICKET 
                        AGENTS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall issue a final rule to 
require large ticket agents to adopt minimum customer service standards.
    (b) Purpose.--The purpose of the final rule shall be to ensure that, 
to the extent feasible, there is a consistent level of consumer 
protection regardless of where consumers purchase air fares and related 
air transportation services.
    (c) Standards.--In issuing the final rule, the Secretary shall 
consider, to the extent feasible, establishing standards consistent with 
all customer service and disclosure requirements applicable to covered 
air carriers under this title and associated regulations.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
            (1) Ticket agent.--
                    (A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
                term ``ticket agent'' has the meaning given that term in 
                section 40102(a) of title 49, United States Code.
                    (B) Inclusion.--The term ``ticket agent'' includes a 
                person who acts as an intermediary involved in the sale 
                of air transportation directly or indirectly to 
                consumers, including by operating an electronic airline 
                information system, if the person--
                          (i) holds the person out as a source of 
                      information about, or reservations for, the air 
                      transportation industry; and
                          (ii) receives compensation in any way related 
                      to the sale of air transportation.
            (2) Large ticket agent.--The term ``large ticket agent'' 
        means a ticket agent with annual revenues of $100,000,000 or 
        more.

    (e) Enforcement.--No large ticket agent may be found in 
noncompliance of any standard or requirement adopted in the final rule 
required by this section if--
            (1) the large ticket agent is unable to meet the new 
        standard or requirement due to the lack of information or data 
        from the covered air carrier and the information is required for 
        the large ticket agent to comply with such standard or 
        requirement; or
            (2) the sale of air transportation is made by a large ticket 
        agent pursuant to a specific corporate or government fare 
        management contract.
SEC. 428. WIDESPREAD DISRUPTIONS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 423 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

[[Page 132 STAT. 3341]]

``Sec. 42304. <<NOTE: 49 USC 42304.>>  Widespread disruptions

    ``(a) General Requirements.--In the event of a widespread 
disruption, a covered air carrier shall immediately publish, via a 
prominent link on the air carrier's public internet website, a clear 
statement indicating whether, with respect to a passenger of the air 
carrier whose travel is interrupted as a result of the widespread 
disruption, the air carrier will--
            ``(1) provide for hotel accommodations;
            ``(2) arrange for ground transportation;
            ``(3) provide meal vouchers;
            ``(4) arrange for air transportation on another air carrier 
        or foreign air carrier to the passenger's destination; and
            ``(5) provide for sleeping facilities inside the airport 
        terminal.

    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions 
apply:
            ``(1) Widespread disruption.--The term `widespread 
        disruption' means, with respect to a covered air carrier, the 
        interruption of all or the overwhelming majority of the air 
        carrier's systemwide flight operations, including flight delays 
        and cancellations, as the result of the failure of 1 or more 
        computer systems or computer networks of the air carrier.
            ``(2) Covered air carrier.--The term `covered air carrier' 
        means an air carrier that provides scheduled passenger air 
        transportation by operating an aircraft that as originally 
        designed has a passenger capacity of 30 or more seats.

    ``(c) Savings Provision.--Nothing in this section may be construed 
to modify, abridge, or repeal any obligation of an air carrier under 
section 42301.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 423 of title 49, 
United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC 42301 prec.>>  is amended by adding 
at the end the following:

``42304. Widespread disruptions.''.

SEC. 429. <<NOTE: 49 USC 42301 note prec.>>  PASSENGER RIGHTS.

    (a) Guidelines.--Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall require each covered 
air carrier to submit a summarized 1-page document that describes the 
rights of passengers in air transportation, including guidelines for the 
following:
            (1) Compensation (regarding rebooking options, refunds, 
        meals, and lodging) for flight delays of various lengths.
            (2) Compensation (regarding rebooking options, refunds, 
        meals, and lodging) for flight diversions.
            (3) Compensation (regarding rebooking options, refunds, 
        meals, and lodging) for flight cancellations.
            (4) Compensation for mishandled baggage, including delayed, 
        damaged, pilfered, or lost baggage.
            (5) Voluntary relinquishment of a ticketed seat due to 
        overbooking or priority of other passengers.
            (6) Involuntary denial of boarding and forced removal for 
        whatever reason, including for safety and security reasons.

    (b) Filing of Summarized Guidelines.--Not later than 90 days after 
each air carrier submits its guidelines to the Secretary under 
subsection (a), the air carrier shall make available such 1-page 
document in a prominent location on its website.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3342]]

            Subtitle B--Aviation Consumers With Disabilities

SEC. 431. AVIATION CONSUMERS WITH DISABILITIES STUDY.

    (a) Study.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct a 
study that includes--
            (1) a review of airport accessibility best practices for 
        individuals with disabilities, including best practices that 
        improve infrastructure facilities and communications methods, 
        including those related to wayfinding, amenities, and passenger 
        care;
            (2) a review of air carrier and airport training policies 
        related to section 41705 of title 49, United States Code;
            (3) a review of air carrier training policies related to 
        properly assisting passengers with disabilities; and
            (4) a review of accessibility best practices that exceed 
        those recommended under Public Law 90-480 (popularly known as 
        the Architectural Barriers Act of 1968; 42 U.S.C. 4151 et seq.), 
        the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 701 et seq.), the Air 
        Carrier Access Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-435; 100 Stat. 1080 et 
        seq.), and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 
        U.S.C. 12101 et seq.).

    (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date the Comptroller 
General initiates the study under subsection (a), the Comptroller 
General shall submit to the Secretary of Transportation and the 
appropriate committees of Congress a report on the study, including 
findings and recommendations.
SEC. 432. STUDY ON IN-CABIN WHEELCHAIR RESTRAINT SYSTEMS.

    (a) Study.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance 
Board, in consultation with the Secretary of Transportation, aircraft 
manufacturers, air carriers, and disability advocates, shall conduct a 
study to determine--
            (1) the feasibility of in-cabin wheelchair restraint 
        systems; and
            (2) if feasible, the ways in which individuals with 
        significant disabilities using wheelchairs, including power 
        wheelchairs, can be accommodated with in-cabin wheelchair 
        restraint systems.

    (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the initiation of the study 
under subsection (a), the Architectural and Transportation Barriers 
Compliance Board shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress 
a report on the findings of the study.
SEC. 433. <<NOTE: 49 USC 41705 note.>>  IMPROVING WHEELCHAIR 
                        ASSISTANCE FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH 
                        DISABILITIES.

    Following the receipt of the report required under section 2107 of 
the FAA Extension, Safety, and Security Act of 2016 (Public Law 114-190; 
130 Stat. 622), the Secretary of Transportation shall develop, if 
appropriate, specific recommendations regarding improvements to 
wheelchair assistance provided by air carriers and recommendations on 
how training programs by air carriers can address consumer complaints 
regarding wheelchair assistance.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3343]]

SEC. 434. <<NOTE: 49 USC 41705 note.>>  AIRLINE PASSENGERS WITH 
                        DISABILITIES BILL OF RIGHTS.

    (a) Airline Passengers With Disabilities Bill of Rights.--The 
Secretary of Transportation shall develop a document, to be known as the 
``Airline Passengers with Disabilities Bill of Rights'', using plain 
language to describe the basic protections and responsibilities of 
covered air carriers, their employees and contractors, and people with 
disabilities under the section 41705 of title 49, United States Code.
    (b) Content.--In developing the Airline Passengers with Disabilities 
Bill of Rights under subsection (a), the Secretary shall include, at a 
minimum, plain language descriptions of protections and responsibilities 
provided in law related to the following:
            (1) The right of passengers with disabilities to be treated 
        with dignity and respect.
            (2) The right of passengers with disabilities to receive 
        timely assistance, if requested, from properly trained covered 
        air carrier and contractor personnel.
            (3) The right of passengers with disabilities to travel with 
        wheelchairs, mobility aids, and other assistive devices, 
        including necessary medications and medical supplies, including 
        stowage of such wheelchairs, aids, and devices.
            (4) The right of passengers with disabilities to receive 
        seating accommodations, if requested, to accommodate a 
        disability.
            (5) The right of passengers with disabilities to receive 
        announcements in an accessible format.
            (6) The right of passengers with disabilities to speak with 
        a complaint resolution officer or to file a complaint with a 
        covered air carrier or the Department of Transportation.

    (c) Rule of Construction.--The development of the Airline Passengers 
with Disabilities Bill of Rights under subsections (a) and (b) shall not 
be construed as expanding or restricting the rights available to 
passengers with disabilities on the day before the date of the enactment 
of this Act pursuant to any statute or regulation.
    (d) Consultations.--In developing the Airline Passengers with 
Disabilities Bill of Rights under subsection (a), the Secretary of 
Transportation shall consult with stakeholders, including disability 
organizations and covered air carriers and their contractors.
    (e) Display.--Each covered air carrier shall include the Airline 
Passengers with Disabilities Bill of Rights--
            (1) on a publicly available internet website of the covered 
        air carrier; and
            (2) in any pre-flight notifications or communications 
        provided to passengers who alert the covered air carrier in 
        advance of the need for accommodations relating to a disability.

    (f) Training.--Covered air carriers and contractors of covered air 
carriers shall submit to the Secretary of Transportation plans that 
ensure employees of covered air carriers and their contractors receive 
training on the protections and responsibilities described in the 
Airline Passengers with Disabilities Bill of Rights. The Secretary shall 
review such plans to ensure the plans address the matters described in 
subsection (b).
SEC. 435. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING EQUAL ACCESS FOR INDIVIDUALS 
                        WITH DISABILITIES.

    It is the sense of Congress that--

[[Page 132 STAT. 3344]]

            (1) the aviation industry and every relevant stakeholder 
        must work to ensure that every individual who experiences a 
        disability has equal access to air travel;
            (2) as technology and ease of travel continue to advance, 
        accessibility must be a priority; and
            (3) accommodations must--
                    (A) extend to every airport and service or facility 
                of an air carrier; and
                    (B) be inclusive of every disability.
SEC. 436. CIVIL PENALTIES RELATING TO HARM TO PASSENGERS WITH 
                        DISABILITIES.

    Section 46301(a) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(7) Penalties Relating to Harm to Passengers With Disabilities.--
            ``(A) Penalty for bodily harm or damage to wheelchair or 
        other mobility aid.--The amount of a civil penalty assessed 
        under this section for a violation of section 41705 that 
        involves damage to a passenger's wheelchair or other mobility 
        aid or injury to a passenger with a disability may be increased 
        above the otherwise applicable maximum amount under this section 
        for a violation of section 41705 to an amount not to exceed 3 
        times the maximum penalty otherwise allowed.
            ``(B) Each act constitutes separate offense.--
        Notwithstanding paragraph (2), a separate violation of section 
        41705 occurs for each act of discrimination prohibited by that 
        section.''.
SEC. 437. <<NOTE: 49 USC 41705 note.>>  HARMONIZATION OF SERVICE 
                        ANIMAL STANDARDS.

    (a) Rulemaking.--The Secretary of Transportation shall conduct a 
rulemaking proceeding--
            (1) to define the term ``service animal'' for purposes of 
        air transportation; and
            (2) to develop minimum standards for what is required for 
        service and emotional support animals carried in aircraft 
        cabins.

    (b) Considerations.--In conducting the rulemaking under subsection 
(a), the Secretary shall consider, at a minimum--
            (1) whether to align the definition of ``service animal'' 
        with the definition of that term in regulations of the 
        Department of Justice implementing the Americans with 
        Disabilities Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-336);
            (2) reasonable measures to ensure pets are not claimed as 
        service animals, such as--
                    (A) whether to require photo identification for a 
                service animal identifying the type of animal, the breed 
                of animal, and the service the animal provides to the 
                passenger;
                    (B) whether to require documentation indicating 
                whether or not a service animal was trained by the owner 
                or an approved training organization;
                    (C) whether to require, from a licensed physician, 
                documentation indicating the mitigating task or tasks a 
                service animal provides to its owner; and
                    (D) whether to allow a passenger to be accompanied 
                by more than 1 service animal;
            (3) reasonable measures to ensure the safety of all 
        passengers, such as--

[[Page 132 STAT. 3345]]

                    (A) whether to require health and vaccination 
                records for a service animal; and
                    (B) whether to require third-party proof of 
                behavioral training for a service animal;
            (4) the impact additional requirements on service animals 
        could have on access to air transportation for passengers with 
        disabilities; and
            (5) if impacts on access to air transportation for 
        passengers with disabilities are found, ways to eliminate or 
        mitigate those impacts.

    (c) Final Rule.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue a final rule pursuant 
to the rulemaking conducted under this section.
SEC. 438. REVIEW OF PRACTICES FOR TICKETING, PRE-FLIGHT SEAT 
                        ASSIGNMENTS, AND STOWING OF ASSISTIVE 
                        DEVICES FOR PASSENGERS WITH DISABILITIES.

    (a) Review.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the first 
        meeting of the advisory committee on the air travel needs of 
        passengers with disabilities established in section 439 
        (referred to in this section as the ``Advisory Committee''), the 
        Secretary of Transportation shall direct the Advisory Committee 
        to review current regulations with respect to practices for 
        ticketing, pre-flight seat assignments, and stowing of assistive 
        devices for passengers with disabilities.
            (2) Recommendations.--In carrying out the review under 
        paragraph (1), the Advisory Committee shall, at a minimum, 
        provide recommendations on whether current regulations should be 
        modified or prescribed to--
                    (A) provide accommodations for passengers with 
                disabilities, if requested, in ticketing and pre-flight 
                assignments;
                    (B) require covered air carriers to provide priority 
                access to bulkhead seating to passengers with 
                disabilities who need access to features of those seats 
                due to disabilities regardless of class of service of 
                ticket purchased; and
                    (C) ensure passengers with disabilities are able to 
                stow assistive devices without cost.

    (b) Report.--Not later than 6 months after the date of their first 
meeting, the Advisory Committee shall submit to the Secretary of 
Transportation and the appropriate committees of Congress a report on 
the review conducted under subsection (a)(1), including the 
recommendations developed under subsection (a)(2).
SEC. 439. <<NOTE: 49 USC 41705 note.>>  ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON THE 
                        AIR TRAVEL NEEDS OF PASSENGERS WITH 
                        DISABILITIES.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Transportation shall establish 
an advisory committee on issues related to the air travel needs of 
passengers with disabilities (referred to in this section as the 
``Advisory Committee'').
    (b) Duties.--The Advisory Committee shall--
            (1) identify and assess the disability-related access 
        barriers encountered by passengers with disabilities;
            (2) determine the extent to which the programs and 
        activities of the Department of Transportation are addressing 
        the barriers identified in paragraph (1);

[[Page 132 STAT. 3346]]

            (3) recommend consumer protection improvements to the air 
        travel experience of passengers with disabilities;
            (4) advise the Secretary with regard to the implementation 
        of section 41705 of title 49, United States Code; and
            (5) conduct such activities as the Secretary considers 
        necessary to carry out this section.

    (c) Membership.--
            (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall be composed of 
        at least 1 representative of each of the following groups:
                    (A) Passengers with disabilities.
                    (B) National disability organizations.
                    (C) Air carriers.
                    (D) Airport operators.
                    (E) Contractor service providers.
                    (F) Aircraft manufacturers.
                    (G) Wheelchair manufacturers.
                    (H) National veterans organizations representing 
                disabled veterans.
            (2) Appointment.--The Secretary of Transportation shall 
        appoint each member of the Advisory Committee.
            (3) Vacancies.--A vacancy in the Advisory Committee shall be 
        filled in the manner in which the original appointment was made.

    (d) Chairperson.--The Secretary of Transportation shall designate, 
from among the members appointed under subsection (c), an individual to 
serve as chairperson of the Advisory Committee.
    (e) Travel Expenses.--Members of the Advisory Committee shall serve 
without pay, but shall receive travel expenses, including per diem in 
lieu of subsistence, in accordance with subchapter I of chapter 57 of 
title 5, United States Code.
    (f) Reports.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 14 months after the date of 
        establishment of the Advisory Committee, and annually 
        thereafter, the Advisory Committee shall submit to the Secretary 
        of Transportation a report on the needs of passengers with 
        disabilities in air travel, including--
                    (A) an assessment of existing disability-related 
                access barriers, and any emerging disability-related 
                access barriers that will likely be an issue in the next 
                5 calendar years;
                    (B) an evaluation of the extent to which the 
                Department of Transportation's programs and activities 
                are eliminating disability-related access barriers;
                    (C) a description of the Advisory Committee's 
                actions;
                    (D) a description of improvements related to the air 
                travel experience of passengers with disabilities; and
                    (E) any recommendations for legislation, 
                administrative action, or other action that the Advisory 
                Committee considers appropriate.
            (2) Report to congress.--Not later than 60 days after the 
        date the Secretary receives the report under paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress 
        a copy of the report, including any additional findings or 
        recommendations that the Secretary considers appropriate.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3347]]

    (g) Termination.--The Advisory Committee established under this 
section shall terminate on September 30, 2023.
    (h) Termination of the Next Generation Air Transportation System 
Senior Policy Committee.--The Next Generation Air Transportation System 
Senior Policy Committee established by the Secretary of Transportation 
shall terminate on the date of the initial appointment of the members of 
the Advisory Committee.
SEC. 440. <<NOTE: 49 USC 41705 note.>>  REGULATIONS ENSURING 
                        ASSISTANCE FOR PASSENGERS WITH 
                        DISABILITIES IN AIR TRANSPORTATION.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall--
            (1) review, and if necessary revise, applicable regulations 
        to ensure that passengers with disabilities who request 
        assistance while traveling in air transportation receive 
        dignified, timely, and effective assistance at airports and on 
        aircraft from trained personnel; and
            (2) review, and if necessary revise, applicable regulations 
        related to covered air carrier training programs for air carrier 
        personnel, including contractors, who provide physical 
        assistance to passengers with disabilities to ensure that 
        training under such programs--
                    (A) occurs on an annual schedule for all new and 
                continuing personnel charged with providing physical 
                assistance; and
                    (B) includes, as appropriate, instruction by 
                personnel, with hands-on training for employees who 
                physically lift or otherwise physically assist 
                passengers with disabilities, including the use of 
                relevant equipment.

    (b) Types of Assistance.--The assistance referred to subsection 
(a)(1) may include requests for assistance in boarding or deplaning an 
aircraft, requests for assistance in connecting between flights, and 
other similar or related requests, as appropriate.
SEC. 441. TRANSPARENCY FOR DISABLED PASSENGERS.

    The compliance date of the final rule, dated November 2, 2016, on 
the reporting of data for mishandled baggage and wheelchairs in aircraft 
cargo compartments (81 Fed. Reg. 76300) shall be effective not later 
than 60 days after the date of enactment of this Act.

                 Subtitle C--Small Community Air Service

SEC. 451. ESSENTIAL AIR SERVICE AUTHORIZATION.

    (a) In General.--Section 41742(a)(2) of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``$150,000,000 for fiscal year 2011'' and 
all that follows before ``to carry out'' and inserting ``$155,000,000 
for fiscal year 2018, $158,000,000 for fiscal year 2019, $161,000,000 
for fiscal year 2020, $165,000,000 for fiscal year 2021, $168,000,000 
for fiscal year 2022, and $172,000,000 for fiscal year 2023''.
    (b) <<NOTE: 49 USC 41733 note.>>  Seasonal Service.--The Secretary 
of Transportation may consider the flexibility of current operational 
dates and airport accessibility to meet local community needs when 
issuing requests for proposal of essential air service at seasonal 
airports.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3348]]

SEC. 452. STUDY ON ESSENTIAL AIR SERVICE REFORM.

    (a) Study.--
            (1) In general.--The Comptroller General of the United 
        States shall conduct a study on the effects of section 6 of the 
        Airport and Airway Extension Act of 2011, Part IV (Public Law 
        112-27), section 421 of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 
        2012 (Public Law 112-95), and other relevant Federal laws 
        enacted after 2010, including the amendments made by those laws, 
        on the Essential Air Service program.
            (2) Scope.--In conducting the study under paragraph (1), the 
        Comptroller General shall analyze, at a minimum--
                    (A) the impact of each relevant Federal law, 
                including the amendments made by each law, on the 
                Essential Air Service program;
                    (B) what actions communities and air carriers have 
                taken to reduce ticket prices or increase enplanements 
                as a result of each law;
                    (C) the issuance of waivers by the Secretary under 
                section 41731(e) of title 49, United States Code;
                    (D) whether budgetary savings resulted from each 
                law; and
                    (E) options for further reform of the Essential Air 
                Service program.

    (b) Required Analysis on Communities.--In carrying out subsection 
(a)(2)(E) the Comptroller General shall include, for each option for 
further reform, an analysis of the impact on local economies of 
communities with airports receiving Essential Air Service funding, 
access to air travel for residents of rural communities and the impact 
to local businesses in such communities.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report on the results of the study conducted 
under subsection (a).
SEC. 453. AIR TRANSPORTATION TO NONELIGIBLE PLACES.

    (a) Definitions.--Section 41731(a)(1)(A)(ii) of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``Wendell H. Ford Aviation 
Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century,'' and inserting ``FAA 
Extension, Safety, and Security Act of 2016 (Public Law 114-190),''.
    (b) Program Sunset.--Section 41736 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Sunset.--
            ``(1) Proposals.--No proposal under subsection (a) may be 
        accepted by the Secretary after the date of enactment of this 
        subsection.
            ``(2) Program.--The Secretary may not provide any 
        compensation under this section after the date that is 2 years 
        after the date of enactment of this subsection.''.
SEC. 454. INSPECTOR GENERAL REVIEW OF SERVICE AND OVERSIGHT OF 
                        UNSUBSIDIZED CARRIERS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the inspector general of the Department of Transportation 
shall conduct and complete a review of orders issued by the Department 
of Transportation from 2005 through the date of enactment of this Act to 
determine whether the carriers providing

[[Page 132 STAT. 3349]]

unsubsidized service provided basic essential air service, and whether 
the Department conducted sufficient oversight of carriers providing 
unsubsidized service to ensure air service quality and community 
satisfaction.
    (b) Contents.--The review shall include, at a minimum--
            (1) a review of the Department's efforts to communicate to 
        the community served by the unsubsidized carrier on any material 
        air service changes; and
            (2) a review of the Department's efforts to closely monitor 
        the quality of air service provided by the unsubsidized carrier 
        and request proposals for basic essential air service if 
        necessary.

    (c) Report.--Not later than 30 days after the date of completion of 
the review, the inspector general shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report on the results of the review.
SEC. 455. SMALL COMMUNITY AIR SERVICE.

    (a) Eligibility.--Section 41743(c) of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
            ``(1) Size.--On the date of submission of the relevant 
        application under subsection (b), the airport serving the 
        community or consortium--
                    ``(A) is not larger than a small hub airport, as 
                determined using the Department of Transportation's most 
                recently published classification; and
                    ``(B) has--
                          ``(i) insufficient air carrier service; or
                          ``(ii) unreasonably high air fares.'';
            (2) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:
            ``(4) Overall limit.--
                    ``(A) In general.--No more than 40 communities or 
                consortia of communities, or a combination thereof, may 
                be selected to participate in the program in each year 
                for which funds are appropriated for the program.
                    ``(B) Same projects.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (C), no community, consortia of 
                communities, or combination thereof may participate in 
                the program in support of the same project more than 
                once in a 10-year period, but any community, consortia 
                of communities, or combination thereof may apply, 
                subsequent to such participation, to participate in the 
                program in support of a different project at any time.
                    ``(C) Exception.--The Secretary may waive the 
                limitation under subparagraph (B) related to projects 
                that are the same if the Secretary determines that the 
                community or consortium spent little or no money on its 
                previous project or encountered industry or 
                environmental challenges, due to circumstances that were 
                reasonably beyond the control of the community or 
                consortium.'';
            (3) in paragraph (5)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as 
                subparagraphs (F) and (G), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the 
                following:
                    ``(E) the assistance will be used to help restore 
                scheduled passenger air service that has been 
                terminated;''.

    (b) Authority to Make Agreements.--Section 41743(e)(1) of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end

[[Page 132 STAT. 3350]]

the following: ``The Secretary may amend the scope of a grant agreement 
at the request of the community or consortium and any participating air 
carrier, and may limit the scope of a grant agreement to only the 
elements using grant assistance or to only the elements achieved, if the 
Secretary determines that the amendment is reasonably consistent with 
the original purpose of the project.''
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 41743(e)(2) of title 
49, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
            ``(2) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to the Secretary $10,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2018 through 2023 to carry out this section. Such 
        sums shall remain available until expended.''.
SEC. 456. WAIVERS.

    Section 41732 is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Waivers.--Notwithstanding section 41733(e), upon request by an 
eligible place, the Secretary may waive, in whole or in part, 
subsections (a) and (b) of this section or subsections (a) through (c) 
of section 41734. A waiver issued under this subsection shall remain in 
effect for a limited period of time, as determined by the Secretary.''.
SEC. 457. EXTENSION OF FINAL ORDER ESTABLISHING MILEAGE ADJUSTMENT 
                        ELIGIBILITY.

    Section 409(d) of the Vision 100--Century of Aviation 
Reauthorization Act (49 U.S.C. 41731 note) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
SEC. 458. REDUCTION IN SUBSIDY-PER-PASSENGER.

    Section 426 of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (126 
Stat. 98) <<NOTE: 49 USC 41731 note.>>  is amended by adding at the end 
the following:

    ``(d) Reduction in Subsidy-per-passenger.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall waive application of 
        the subsidy-per-passenger cap described under subsection (c) if 
        the Secretary finds that the community's subsidy-per-passenger 
        for a fiscal year is lower than the subsidy-per-passenger for 
        any of the 3 previous fiscal years.
            ``(2) Exception.--The Secretary shall waive application of 
        the subsidy-per-passenger cap if the subsidy-per-passenger for a 
        fiscal year is less than 10 percent higher than the highest 
        subsidy-per-passenger from any of the 3 previous fiscal years. 
        The Secretary may only waive application of the subsidy-per-
        passenger cap under this paragraph once per community.
            ``(3) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this subsection 
        shall be construed to limit the Secretary's ability under 
        subsection (c) to waive application of the subsidy-per-passenger 
        cap.''.

                         TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS

SEC. 501. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  DEFINITIONS.

    In this title, the following definitions apply:
            (1) Administration.--The term ``Administration'' means the 
        Federal Aviation Administration.
            (2) Administrator.--The term ``Administrator'' means the 
        Administrator of the FAA.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3351]]

            (3) ADS-B.--The term ``ADS-B'' means automatic dependent 
        surveillance-broadcast.
            (4) ADS-B out.--The term ``ADS-B Out'' means automatic 
        dependent surveillance-broadcast with the ability to transmit 
        information from the aircraft to ground stations and to other 
        equipped aircraft.
            (5) FAA.--The term ``FAA'' means the Federal Aviation 
        Administration.
            (6) Nextgen.--The term ``NextGen'' means the Next Generation 
        Air Transportation System.
SEC. 502. REPORT ON AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL MODERNIZATION.

    (a) FAA Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report describing the multiyear effort of the 
Administration to modernize the air transportation system (in this 
section referred to as the ``modernization effort''), including--
            (1) the number of years that the modernization effort has 
        been underway as of the date of the report;
            (2) the total amount of money expended on the modernization 
        effort as of the date of the report (including a description of 
        how that amount was calculated);
            (3) the net present value of the benefits reported from 
        aircraft operators resulting from the money expended on the 
        modernization effort as of the date of the report;
            (4) a definition for NextGen, including a description of any 
        changes to that definition that occurred between 2003 and the 
        date of the report;
            (5) the net present value of the money expended on NextGen 
        as of the date of the report if such money had been deposited 
        into a Government trust fund instead of being expended on 
        NextGen;
            (6) a description of the benefits promised and benefits 
        delivered with respect to NextGen as of the date of the report;
            (7) any changes to the benefits promised with respect to 
        NextGen between the date on which NextGen began and the date of 
        the report;
            (8) a description of each program or project that comprises 
        NextGen, including--
                    (A) when the program or project was initiated;
                    (B) the total budget for the program or project;
                    (C) the initial budget for the program or project;
                    (D) the acquisition program baseline for the program 
                or project;
                    (E) whether the program or project has ever breached 
                the acquisition program baseline and, if so, a 
                description of when, why, and how the breach was 
                resolved;
                    (F) whether the program or project has been re-
                baselined or divided into smaller segments and, if so, a 
                description of when, why, and the impact to the cost of 
                the program or project;
                    (G) the initial schedule for the program or project;
                    (H) whether the program or project was delayed and, 
                if so, a description of how long, why, and the impact to 
                the cost of the program or project;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3352]]

                    (I) whether the Administration changed any contract 
                term or deliverable for the program or project and, if 
                so, a description of the change, why it happened, and 
                the impact to the cost of the program or project;
                    (J) benefits promised with respect to the program or 
                project at initiation;
                    (K) benefits delivered with respect to the program 
                or project as of the date of the report;
                    (L) whether the program or project was cancelled 
                and, if so, a description of why and when;
                    (M) for cancelled programs or projects, whether 
                there were any costs associated with the decision to 
                cancel and, if so, a description of the amount of the 
                costs (including for both the Administration and the 
                private sector);
                    (N) the metrics, milestones, and deadlines set for 
                the program or project and how the Administration 
                tracked and ensured compliance with those metrics, 
                milestones, and deadlines;
                    (O) how the Administration conducted oversight of 
                the program or project and any related stakeholder 
                collaboration efforts;
                    (P) the status of the program or project as of the 
                date of the report; and
                    (Q) an assessment of the key risks to the full 
                implementation of the program and a description of how 
                the Administration is mitigating, or plans to mitigate, 
                those risks;
            (9) the date upon which, or milestone by which, the 
        Administration anticipates NextGen will be complete; and
            (10) any lessons learned during the NextGen effort, and 
        whether, how, and to what effect those lessons have been 
        applied.

    (b) Inspector General Report.--Not later than 270 days after the 
date on which the report required under subsection (a) is submitted, the 
inspector general of the Department of Transportation shall review the 
report and submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a statement 
of the inspector general that--
            (1) determines the accuracy of the information reported;
            (2) describes any concerns with the accuracy of the 
        information reported;
            (3) summarizes concerns raised by the inspector general, the 
        Government Accountability Office, and other sources with respect 
        to the Administration's implementation and oversight of NextGen 
        since the date on which NextGen began;
            (4) describes--
                    (A) any pertinent recommendations made by the 
                inspector general related to the Administration's 
                implementation and oversight of NextGen since the date 
                on which NextGen began; and
                    (B) whether and how the Administration addressed the 
                recommendations; and
            (5) provides any other information that the inspector 
        general determines is appropriate.
SEC. 503. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  RETURN ON INVESTMENT 
                        REPORT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, and annually thereafter until the date that each

[[Page 132 STAT. 3353]]

NextGen program has a positive return on investment, the Administrator 
shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the 
status of each NextGen program, including the most recent NextGen 
priority list under subsection (c).
    (b) Contents.--The report under subsection (a) shall include, for 
each NextGen program--
            (1) an estimate of the date the program will have a positive 
        return on investment;
            (2) an explanation for any delay in the delivery of expected 
        benefits from previously published estimates on delivery of such 
        benefits, in implementing or utilizing the program;
            (3) an estimate of the completion date;
            (4) an assessment of the long-term and near-term user 
        benefits of the program for--
                    (A) the Federal Government; and
                    (B) the users of the national airspace system; and
            (5) a description of how the program directly contributes to 
        a safer and more efficient air traffic control system.

    (c) NextGen Priority List.--Based on the assessment under subsection 
(a), the Administrator shall--
            (1) develop, in coordination with the NextGen Advisory 
        Committee and considering the need for a balance between long-
        term and near-term user benefits, a prioritization of the 
        NextGen programs;
            (2) annually update the priority list under paragraph (1); 
        and
            (3) prepare budget submissions to reflect the current status 
        of NextGen programs and projected returns on investment for each 
        NextGen program.

    (d) Definition of Return on Investment.--In this section, the term 
``return on investment'' means the cost associated with technologies 
that are required by law or policy as compared to the financial benefits 
derived from such technologies by a government or a user of airspace.
    (e) Repeal of NextGen Priorities.--Section 202 of the FAA 
Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-95; 49 U.S.C. 40101 
note) and the item relating to that section in the table of contents 
under section 1(b) of that Act are repealed.
SEC. 504. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40103 note.>>  AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL 
                        OPERATIONAL CONTINGENCY PLANS.

    (a) Air Traffic Control Operational Contingency Plans.--Not later 
than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator 
shall review the Administration's air traffic control operational 
contingency plans (FAA Order JO 1900.47E), and, as the Administrator 
considers appropriate, update such plans, to address potential air 
traffic facility outages that could have a major impact on the operation 
of the national airspace system, including the most recent findings and 
recommendations in the report under subsection (c).
    (b) Updates.--Not later than 60 days after the date the air traffic 
control operational contingency plans are reviewed under subsection (a), 
the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress 
a report on the review, including any recommendations for ensuring air 
traffic facility outages do not have a major impact on the operation of 
the national airspace system.
    (c) Resiliency Recommendations.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of enactment of this Act, and periodically thereafter

[[Page 132 STAT. 3354]]

as the Administrator considers appropriate, the Administrator shall 
convene NextGen program officials to evaluate, expedite, and complete a 
report on how planned NextGen capabilities can enhance the resiliency 
and continuity of national airspace system operations and mitigate the 
impact of future air traffic control disruptions.
SEC. 505. 2020 ADS-B OUT MANDATE PLAN.

    The Administrator, in collaboration with the NextGen Advisory 
Committee, shall--
            (1) not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of 
        this Act--
                    (A) identify any known and potential barriers to 
                compliance with the 2020 ADS-B Out mandate under section 
                91.225 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations;
                    (B) develop a plan to address the known barriers 
                identified in paragraph (1), including a schedule for--
                          (i) periodically reevaluating the potential 
                      barriers identified in paragraph (1); and
                          (ii) developing solutions and implementing 
                      actions to address the known and potential 
                      barriers; and
                    (C) submit the plan to the appropriate committees of 
                Congress; and
            (2) not later than 90 days after the date the plan is 
        submitted under paragraph (1), submit to the appropriate 
        committees of Congress a report on the progress made toward 
        meeting the 2020 ADS-B Out mandate.
SEC. 506. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44704 note.>>  SECURING AIRCRAFT AVIONICS 
                        SYSTEMS.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator shall consider, where 
appropriate, revising Federal Aviation Administration regulations 
regarding airworthiness certification--
            (1) to address cybersecurity for avionics systems, including 
        software components; and
            (2) to require that aircraft avionics systems used for 
        flight guidance or aircraft control be secured against 
        unauthorized access via passenger in-flight entertainment 
        systems through such means as the Administrator determines 
        appropriate to protect the avionics systems from unauthorized 
        external and internal access.

    (b) Consideration.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
Administrator shall consider the recommendations of the Aircraft Systems 
Information Security Protection Working Group under section 2111 of the 
FAA Extension Safety and Security Act of 2016 (Public Law 114-190; 130 
Stat. 615).
SEC. 507. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  HUMAN FACTORS.

    (a) In General.--In order to avoid having to subsequently modify 
products and services developed as a part of NextGen, the Administrator 
shall--
            (1) recognize and incorporate, in early design phases of all 
        relevant NextGen programs, the human factors and procedural and 
        airspace implications of stated goals and associated technical 
        changes; and
            (2) ensure that a human factors specialist, separate from 
        the research and certification groups, is directly involved with 
        the NextGen approval process.

    (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate

[[Page 132 STAT. 3355]]

committees of Congress a report on the progress made toward implementing 
the requirements under subsection (a).
SEC. 508. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  PROGRAMMATIC RISK 
                        MANAGEMENT.

    To better inform the Administration's decisions regarding the 
prioritization of efforts and allocation of resources for NextGen, the 
Administrator shall--
            (1) solicit input from specialists in probability and 
        statistics to identify and prioritize the programmatic and 
        implementation risks to NextGen; and
            (2) develop a method to manage and mitigate the risks 
        identified in paragraph (1).
SEC. 509. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44903 note.>>  REVIEW OF FAA STRATEGIC 
                        CYBERSECURITY PLAN.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator shall initiate a review of the 
comprehensive and strategic framework of principles and policies 
(referred to in this section as the ``framework'') developed pursuant to 
section 2111 of the FAA Extension, Safety, and Security Act of 2016 (49 
U.S.C. 44903 note).
    (b) Contents.--In undertaking the review under subsection (a), the 
Administrator shall--
            (1) assess the degree to which the framework identifies and 
        addresses known cybersecurity risks associated with the aviation 
        system;
            (2) review existing short- and long-term objectives for 
        addressing cybersecurity risks to the national airspace system; 
        and
            (3) assess the Administration's level of engagement and 
        coordination with aviation stakeholders and other appropriate 
        agencies, organizations, or groups with which the Administration 
        consults to carry out the framework.

    (c) Updates.--Upon completion of the review under subsection (a), 
the Administrator shall modify the framework, as appropriate, to address 
any deficiencies identified by the review.
    (d) Report to Congress.--Not later than 180 days after initiating 
the review required by subsection (a), the Administrator shall submit to 
the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the results of the 
review, including a description of any modifications made to the 
framework.
SEC. 510. CONSOLIDATION AND REALIGNMENT OF FAA SERVICES AND 
                        FACILITIES.

    (a) Purpose and Input.--Section 804(a) of the FAA Modernization and 
Reform Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 44501 note) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2) by striking ``The purpose of the report 
        shall be--'' and all that follows through ``(B) to reduce'' and 
        inserting ``The purpose of the report shall be to reduce''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:
            ``(4) Input.--The report shall be prepared by the 
        Administrator (or the Administrator's designee) with the 
        participation of--
                    ``(A) representatives of labor organizations 
                representing air traffic control system employees of the 
                FAA; and
                    ``(B) industry stakeholders.''.

    (b) Military Operations Exclusion.--Section 804 of the FAA 
Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 44501 note) is amended--

[[Page 132 STAT. 3356]]

            (1) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following:

    ``(e) Military Operations Exclusion.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Administrator may not realign or 
        consolidate a combined TRACON and tower with radar facility of 
        the FAA under this section if, in 2015, the total annual 
        military operations at the facility comprised at least 40 
        percent of the total annual TRACON operations at the facility.
            ``(2) TRACON defined.--In this subsection, the term `TRACON' 
        means terminal radar approach control.''.
SEC. 511. <<NOTE: 49 USC 106 note.>>  FAA REVIEW AND REFORM.

    (a) Agency Report.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a detailed analysis of any actions taken to 
address the findings and recommendations included in the report required 
under section 812(d) of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (49 
U.S.C. 106 note), including--
            (1) consolidating, phasing-out, or eliminating duplicative 
        positions, programs, roles, or offices;
            (2) eliminating or streamlining wasteful practices;
            (3) eliminating or phasing-out redundant, obsolete, or 
        unnecessary functions;
            (4) reforming and streamlining inefficient processes so that 
        the activities of the Administration are completed in an 
        expedited and efficient manner; and
            (5) reforming or eliminating ineffectual or outdated 
        policies.

    (b) Additional Review.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall undertake and complete a 
thorough review of each program, office, and organization within the 
Administration to identify--
            (1) duplicative positions, programs, roles, or offices;
            (2) wasteful practices;
            (3) redundant, obsolete, or unnecessary functions;
            (4) inefficient processes; and
            (5) ineffectual or outdated policies.

    (c) Actions To Streamline and Reform FAA.--Not later than 60 days 
after the date of completion of the review under subsection (b), the 
Administrator shall undertake such actions as may be necessary to 
address the findings of the Administrator under such subsection.
    (d) Report to Congress.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
completion of the review under subsection (b), the Administrator shall 
submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the actions 
taken by the Administrator pursuant to subsection (c), including any 
recommendations for legislative or administrative actions.
SEC. 512. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40103 note.>>  AIR SHOWS.

    On an annual basis, the Administrator shall work with 
representatives of Administration-approved air shows, the general 
aviation community, and stadiums and other large outdoor events and 
venues to identify and resolve, to the maximum extent practicable, 
scheduling conflicts between Administration-approved air shows and large 
outdoor events and venues where--
            (1) flight restrictions will be imposed pursuant to section 
        521 of title V of division F of Public Law 108-199 (118 Stat. 
        343); or

[[Page 132 STAT. 3357]]

            (2) any other restriction will be imposed pursuant to 
        Federal Aviation Administration Flight Data Center Notice to 
        Airmen 4/3621 (or any successor notice to airmen).
SEC. 513. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  PART 91 REVIEW, REFORM, 
                        AND STREAMLINING.

    (a) Establishment of Task Force.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall establish a task 
force comprised of representatives of the general aviation industry who 
regularly perform part 91 operations, labor unions (including those 
representing FAA aviation safety inspectors and FAA aviation safety 
engineers), manufacturers, and the Government to--
            (1) conduct an assessment of the FAA oversight and 
        authorization processes and requirements for aircraft under part 
        91; and
            (2) make recommendations to streamline the applicable 
        authorization and approval processes, improve safety, and reduce 
        regulatory cost burdens and delays for the FAA and aircraft 
        owners and operators who operate pursuant to part 91.

    (b) Contents.--In conducting the assessment and making 
recommendations under subsection (a), the task force shall consider--
            (1) process reforms and improvements to allow the FAA to 
        review and approve applications in a fair and timely fashion;
            (2) the appropriateness of requiring an authorization for 
        each experimental aircraft rather than using a broader all-
        makes-and-models approach;
            (3) ways to improve the timely response to letters of 
        authorization applications for aircraft owners and operators who 
        operate pursuant to part 91, including setting deadlines and 
        granting temporary or automatic authorizations if deadlines are 
        missed by the FAA;
            (4) methods for enhancing the effective use of delegation 
        systems;
            (5) methods for training the FAA's field office employees in 
        risk-based and safety management system oversight; and
            (6) such other matters related to streamlining part 91 
        authorization and approval processes as the task force considers 
        appropriate.

    (c) Report to Congress.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the 
        appropriate committees of Congress a report on the results of 
        the task force's assessment.
            (2) Contents.--The report shall include an explanation of 
        how the Administrator will--
                    (A) implement the recommendations of the task force;
                    (B) measure progress in implementing the 
                recommendations; and
                    (C) measure the effectiveness of the implemented 
                recommendations.

    (d) Implementation of Recommendations.--Not later than 18 months 
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall 
implement the recommendations made under this section.
    (e) Definition.--In this section, the term ``part 91'' means part 91 
of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3358]]

    (f) Applicable Law.--Public Law 92-463 shall not apply to the task 
force.
    (g) Sunset.--The task force shall terminate on the day the 
Administrator submits the report required under subsection (c).
SEC. 514. AIRCRAFT LEASING.

    Section 44112(b) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``on land or water''; and
            (2) by inserting ``operational'' before ``control''.
SEC. 515. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  PILOTS SHARING FLIGHT 
                        EXPENSES WITH PASSENGERS.

    (a) Guidance.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall make publicly 
        available, in a clear and concise format, advisory guidance that 
        describes how a pilot may share flight expenses with passengers 
        in a manner consistent with Federal law, including regulations.
            (2) Examples included.--The guidance shall include examples 
        of--
                    (A) flights for which pilots and passengers may 
                share expenses;
                    (B) flights for which pilots and passengers may not 
                share expenses;
                    (C) the methods of communication that pilots and 
                passengers may use to arrange flights for which expenses 
                are shared; and
                    (D) the methods of communication that pilots and 
                passengers may not use to arrange flights for which 
                expenses are shared.

    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date on 
        which guidance is made publicly available under subsection (a), 
        the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
        appropriate committees of Congress a report analyzing Federal 
        policy with respect to pilots sharing flight expenses with 
        passengers.
            (2) Evaluations included.--The report submitted under 
        paragraph (1) shall include an evaluation of--
                    (A) the rationale for such Federal policy;
                    (B) safety and other concerns related to pilots 
                sharing flight expenses with passengers; and
                    (C) benefits related to pilots sharing flight 
                expenses with passengers.
SEC. 516. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44720 note.>>  TERMINAL AERODROME 
                        FORECAST.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator shall permit a covered air 
carrier to operate to or from a location in a noncontiguous State 
without a Terminal Aerodrome Forecast or Meteorological Aerodrome Report 
if--
            (1) such location is determined to be under visual 
        meteorological conditions;
            (2) a current Area Forecast, supplemented by other local 
        weather observations or reports, is available; and
            (3) an alternate airport that has an available Terminal 
        Aerodrome Forecast and weather report is specified.

    (b) Procedures.--A covered air carrier shall--

[[Page 132 STAT. 3359]]

            (1) have approved procedures for dispatch or release and 
        enroute weather evaluation; and
            (2) operate under instrument flight rules enroute to the 
        destination.

    (c) Limitation.--Without a written finding of necessity, based on 
objective and historical evidence of imminent threat to safety, the 
Administrator shall not promulgate any operation specification, policy, 
or guidance document pursuant to this section that is more restrictive 
than, or requires procedures that are not expressly stated in, the 
regulations.
    (d) Covered Air Carrier Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered air carrier'' means an air carrier operating in a 
noncontiguous State under part 121 of title 14, Code of Federal 
Regulations.
SEC. 517. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44703 note.>>  PUBLIC AIRCRAFT ELIGIBLE 
                        FOR LOGGING FLIGHT TIMES.

    The Administrator shall issue regulations modifying section 
61.51(j)(4) of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations, so as to include 
aircraft under the direct operational control of forestry and fire 
protection agencies as public aircraft eligible for logging flight 
times.
SEC. 518. AIRCRAFT REGISTRY OFFICE.

    The Administrator shall designate employees at the Aircraft Registry 
Office in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, as excepted employees in the event of 
a shutdown or emergency furlough to ensure that the office remains open 
for the duration of the lapse in Federal Government appropriations to 
the Federal Aviation Administration.
SEC. 519. FAA DATA TRANSPARENCY.

    Section 45303 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(g) Data Transparency.--
            ``(1) Air traffic services initial data report.--
                    ``(A) Initial report.--Not later than 6 months after 
                the date of enactment of the FAA Reauthorization Act of 
                2018, the Administrator and the Chief Operating Officer 
                of the Air Traffic Organization shall, based upon the 
                most recently available full fiscal year data, complete 
                the following calculations for each segment of air 
                traffic services users:
                          ``(i) The total costs allocable to the use of 
                      air traffic services for that segment during such 
                      fiscal year.
                          ``(ii) The total revenues received from that 
                      segment during such fiscal year.
                    ``(B) Validation of model.--
                          ``(i) Review and determination.--Not later 
                      than 3 months after completion of the initial 
                      report required under subparagraph (A), the 
                      inspector general of the Department of 
                      Transportation shall review and determine the 
                      validity of the model used by the Administrator 
                      and the Chief Operating Officer to complete the 
                      calculations required under subparagraph (A).
                          ``(ii) Validation process.--In the event that 
                      the inspector general determines that the model 
                      used by the Administrator and the Chief Operating 
                      Officer to complete the calculations required by 
                      subparagraph (A) is not valid--

[[Page 132 STAT. 3360]]

                                    ``(I) the inspector general shall 
                                provide the Administrator and Chief 
                                Operating Officer recommendations on how 
                                to revise the model;
                                    ``(II) the Administrator and the 
                                Chief Operating Officer shall complete 
                                the calculations required by 
                                subparagraph (A) utilizing the revised 
                                model and resubmit the revised initial 
                                report required under subparagraph (A) 
                                to the inspector general; and
                                    ``(III) not later than 3 months 
                                after completion of the revised initial 
                                report required under subparagraph (A), 
                                the inspector general shall review and 
                                determine the validity of the revised 
                                model used by the Administrator and the 
                                Chief Operating Officer to complete the 
                                calculations required by subparagraph 
                                (A).
                          ``(iii) Access to data.--The Administrator and 
                      the Chief Operating Officer shall provide the 
                      inspector general of the Department of 
                      Transportation with unfettered access to all data 
                      produced by the cost accounting system operated 
                      and maintained pursuant to subsection (e).
                    ``(C) Report to congress.--Not later than 60 days 
                after completion of the review and receiving a 
                determination that the model used is valid under 
                subparagraph (B), the Administrator and the Chief 
                Operating Officer shall submit to the Committee on 
                Transportation and Infrastructure, the Committee on 
                Appropriations, and the Committee on Ways and Means of 
                the House of Representatives, and the Committee on 
                Commerce, Science, and Transportation, the Committee on 
                Appropriations, and the Committee on Finance of the 
                Senate a report describing the results of the 
                calculations completed under subparagraph (A).
                    ``(D) Publication.--Not later than 60 days after 
                submission of the report required under subparagraph 
                (C), the Administrator and Chief Operating Officer shall 
                publish the initial report, including any revision 
                thereto if required as a result of the validation 
                process for the model.
            ``(2) Air traffic services biennial data reporting.--
                    ``(A) Biennial data reporting.--Not later than March 
                31, 2019, and biennially thereafter for 8 years, the 
                Administrator and the Chief Operating Officer shall, 
                using the validated model, complete the following 
                calculations for each segment of air traffic services 
                users for the most recent full fiscal year:
                          ``(i) The total costs allocable to the use of 
                      the air traffic services for that segment.
                          ``(ii) The total revenues received from that 
                      segment.
                    ``(B) Report to congress.--Not later than 15 days 
                after completing the calculations under subparagraph 
                (A), the Administrator and the Chief Operating Officer 
                shall complete and submit to the Committee on 
                Transportation and Infrastructure, the Committee on 
                Appropriations, and the Committee on Ways and Means of 
                the House of Representatives, and the Committee on 
                Commerce, Science, and Transportation, the Committee on 
                Appropriations, and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3361]]

                the Committee on Finance of the Senate a report 
                containing the results of such calculations.
                    ``(C) Publication.--Not later than 60 days after 
                completing the calculations pursuant to subparagraph 
                (A), the Administrator and the Chief Operating Officer 
                shall publish the results of such calculations.
            ``(3) Segments of air traffic services users.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For purposes of this subsection, 
                each of the following shall constitute a separate 
                segment of air traffic services users:
                          ``(i) Passenger air carriers conducting 
                      operations under part 121 of title 14, Code of 
                      Federal Regulations.
                          ``(ii) All-cargo air carriers conducting 
                      operations under part 121 of such title.
                          ``(iii) Operators covered by part 125 of such 
                      title.
                          ``(iv) Air carriers and operators of piston-
                      engine aircraft operating under part 135 of such 
                      title.
                          ``(v) Air carriers and operators of turbine-
                      engine aircraft operating under part 135 of such 
                      title.
                          ``(vi) Foreign air carriers providing 
                      passenger air transportation.
                          ``(vii) Foreign air carriers providing all-
                      cargo air transportation.
                          ``(viii) Operators of turbine-engine aircraft 
                      operating under part 91 of such title, excluding 
                      those operating under subpart (K) of such part.
                          ``(ix) Operators of piston-engine aircraft 
                      operating under part 91 of such title, excluding 
                      those operating under subpart (K) of such part.
                          ``(x) Operators covered by subpart (K) of part 
                      91 of such title.
                          ``(xi) Operators covered by part 133 of such 
                      title.
                          ``(xii) Operators covered by part 136 of such 
                      title.
                          ``(xiii) Operators covered by part 137 of such 
                      title.
                          ``(xiv) Operators of public aircraft that 
                      qualify under section 40125.
                          ``(xv) Operators of aircraft that neither take 
                      off from, nor land in, the United States.
                    ``(B) Additional segments.--The Secretary may 
                identify and include additional segments of air traffic 
                users under subparagraph (A) as revenue and air traffic 
                services cost data become available for that additional 
                segment of air traffic services users.
            ``(4) Definitions.--For purposes of this subsection:
                    ``(A) Air traffic services.--The term `air traffic 
                services' means services--
                          ``(i) used for the monitoring, directing, 
                      control, and guidance of aircraft or flows of 
                      aircraft and for the safe conduct of flight, 
                      including communications, navigation, and 
                      surveillance services and provision of 
                      aeronautical information; and
                          ``(ii) provided directly, or contracted for, 
                      by the Federal Aviation Administration.
                    ``(B) Air traffic services user.--The term `air 
                traffic services user' means any individual or entity 
                using air traffic services provided directly, or 
                contracted for, by the

[[Page 132 STAT. 3362]]

                Federal Aviation Administration within United States 
                airspace or international airspace delegated to the 
                United States.''.
SEC. 520. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40113 note.>>  INTRA-AGENCY COORDINATION.

    Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator shall implement a policy that--
            (1) designates the Associate Administrator for Commercial 
        Space Transportation as the primary liaison between the 
        commercial space transportation industry and the Administration;
            (2) recognizes the necessity of, and set forth processes 
        for, launch license and permit holder coordination with the Air 
        Traffic Organization on matters including--
                    (A) the use of air navigation facilities;
                    (B) airspace safety; and
                    (C) planning of commercial space launch and launch 
                support activities;
            (3) designates a single point of contact within the Air 
        Traffic Organization who is responsible for--
                    (A) maintaining letters of agreement between a 
                launch license or permit holder and a Federal Aviation 
                Administration facility;
                    (B) making such letters of agreement available to 
                the Associate Administrator for Commercial Space 
                Transportation;
                    (C) ensuring that a facility that has entered into 
                such a letter of agreement is aware of and fulfills its 
                responsibilities under the letter; and
                    (D) liaising between the Air Traffic Organization 
                and the Associate Administrator for Commercial Space 
                Transportation on any matter relating to such a letter 
                of agreement; and
            (4) requires the Associate Administrator for Commercial 
        Space Transportation to facilitate, upon the request of a launch 
        license or permit holder--
                    (A) coordination between a launch license and permit 
                holder and the Air Traffic Organization; and
                    (B) the negotiation of letters of agreement between 
                a launch license or permit holder and a Federal Aviation 
                Administration facility or the Air Traffic Organization.
SEC. 521. ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES FRANCHISE FUND.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 30 days after the date of enactment 
of this section, the inspector general of the Department of 
Transportation shall initiate an audit of the Administrative Services 
Franchise Fund of the FAA (in this section referred to as the 
``Franchise Fund'').
    (b) Considerations.--In conducting the audit pursuant to subsection 
(a), the inspector general shall--
            (1) review the history, intended purpose, and objectives of 
        the Franchise Fund;
            (2) describe and assess each program, service, or activity 
        that uses the Franchise Fund, including--
                    (A) the agencies or government bodies that use each 
                program, service, or activity;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3363]]

                    (B) the number of employees, including full-time 
                equivalents and contractors, associated with each 
                program, service, or activity;
                    (C) the costs associated with the employees 
                described in subparagraph (B) and the extent to which 
                such costs are covered by Federal appropriations or 
                Franchise Fund revenue;
                    (D) the revenue, expenses, and profits or losses 
                associated with each program, service, or activity;
                    (E) overhead rates associated with each program, 
                service, or activity; and
                    (F) a breakdown of the revenue collected from 
                services provided to the FAA, Department of 
                Transportation, other Federal entities, and non-Federal 
                entities;
            (3) assess the FAA's governance and oversight of the 
        Franchise Fund and the programs, service, and activities that 
        use the Franchise Fund, including the use of internal and 
        publicly available performance metrics;
            (4) evaluate the current and historical unobligated and 
        unexpended balances of the Franchise Fund; and
            (5) assess the degree to which FAA policies and controls 
        associated with the Franchise Fund conform with generally 
        accepted accounting principles, Federal policies, best 
        practices, or other guidance relating to revolving funds.

    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of initiation of 
the audit described in subsection (a), the inspector general shall 
submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the results 
of the audit, including findings and recommendations.
SEC. 522. AUTOMATIC DEPENDENT SURVEILLANCE-BROADCAST.

    (a) Repeal.--Subsection (b) of section 211 of the FAA Modernization 
and Reform Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 40101 note) is repealed.
    (b) <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  Requirement.--The Administrator 
shall ensure that any regulation issued pursuant to such subsection has 
no force or effect.
SEC. 523. CONTRACT WEATHER OBSERVERS.

    Section 2306(b) of the FAA Extension, Safety, and Security Act of 
2016 (Public Law 114-190; 130 Stat. 641) is amended by striking ``2018'' 
and inserting ``2023''.
SEC. 524. REGIONS AND CENTERS.

    (a) In General.--Section 44507 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking the section heading and inserting ``Regions 
        and centers'';
            (2) by striking ``The Civil Aeromedical Institute'' and 
        inserting the following:

    ``(a) Civil Aeromedical Institute.--The Civil Aeromedical 
Institute''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(b) William J. Hughes Technical Center.--The Secretary of 
Transportation shall define the roles and responsibilities of the 
William J. Hughes Technical Center in a manner that is consistent with 
the defined roles and responsibilities of the Civil Aeromedical 
Institute under subsection (a).''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3364]]

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 445 of title 49, 
United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC 44501 prec.>>  is amended by striking 
the item relating to section 44507 and inserting the following:

``44507. Regions and centers.''.

SEC. 525. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  GEOSYNTHETIC MATERIALS.

    The Administrator, to the extent practicable, shall encourage the 
use of durable, resilient, and sustainable materials and practices, 
including the use of geosynthetic materials and other innovative 
technologies, in carrying out the activities of the Federal Aviation 
Administration.
SEC. 526. NATIONAL AIRMAIL MUSEUM.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
            (1) in 1930, commercial airmail carriers began operations at 
        Smith Field in Fort Wayne, Indiana;
            (2) the United States lacks a national museum dedicated to 
        airmail; and
            (3) the airmail hangar at Smith Field in Fort Wayne, 
        Indiana--
                    (A) will educate the public on the role of airmail 
                in aviation history; and
                    (B) honor the role of the hangar in the history of 
                the Nation's airmail service.

    (b) Designation.--
            (1) In general.--The airmail museum located at the Smith 
        Field in Fort Wayne, Indiana, is designated as the ``National 
        Airmail Museum''.
            (2) Effect of designation.--The national museum designated 
        by this section is not a unit of the National Park System and 
        the designation of the National Airmail Museum shall not require 
        or permit Federal funds to be expended for any purpose related 
        to that national memorial.
SEC. 527. STATUS OF AGREEMENT BETWEEN FAA AND LITTLE ROCK PORT 
                        AUTHORITY.

    (a) Briefing Requirement.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall provide to the 
appropriate committees of Congress a briefing on the agreement between 
the FAA and the Little Rock Port Authority to relocate the Little Rock 
Very High Frequency Omnidirectional Range with Collocated Tactical Air 
Control and Navigation (LIT VORTAC).
    (b) Briefing Contents.--The briefing required under subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
            (1) The status of the efforts by the Federal Aviation 
        Administration to relocate the LIT VORTAC.
            (2) The long-term and short-term budget projections for the 
        relocation project.
            (3) A description of and timeline for each phase of the 
        relocation project.
            (4) A description of and explanation for the required 
        location radius.
            (5) A description of work completed by the Federal Aviation 
        Administration as of the date of the briefing.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3365]]

SEC. 528. BRIEFING ON AIRCRAFT DIVERSIONS FROM LOS ANGELES 
                        INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT TO HAWTHORNE 
                        MUNICIPAL AIRPORT.

    Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Administrator shall provide a briefing to appropriate committees of 
Congress on diversions of aircraft from Los Angeles International 
Airport to Hawthorne Municipal Airport, also known as Jack Northrop 
Field, in the City of Hawthorne, California. This briefing shall cover 
at least the previous one-year period and include the total number of 
aircraft diversions, the average number of diversions per day, the types 
of aircraft diverted, and the reasons for the diversions.
SEC. 529. TFR REPORT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act (except as described in subsection (d)), the Administrator 
shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report 
containing the results of the study described in subsection (b).
    (b) Recommendations.--The Administrator shall make recommendations 
based on--
            (1) an analysis of--
                    (A) the economic effects of temporary flight 
                restrictions, particularly temporary flight restrictions 
                issued pursuant to section 91.141 of title 14, Code of 
                Federal Regulations, on airports or aviation-related 
                businesses located or based in an area covered by the 
                temporary flight restriction; and
                    (B) potential options and recommendations for 
                mitigating identified negative economic effects on 
                airports or aviation-related businesses located or based 
                in an area frequently covered by a temporary flight 
                restriction; and
            (2) an analysis of the potential for using security 
        procedures similar to those described in the Maryland Three 
        Program (allowing properly vetted private pilots to fly to, 
        from, or between the three general aviation airports closest to 
        the National Capital Region) during temporary flight 
        restrictions in the following airports:
                    (A) Solberg Airport.
                    (B) Somerset Airport.
                    (C) Palm Beach County Park Airport (also known as 
                Lantana Airport).

    (c) Collaboration.--In making the recommendations described in 
subsection (b), the Administrator shall consult with--
            (1) industry stakeholders; and
            (2) the head of any other agency that, in the 
        Administrator's determination, is a stakeholder agency.

    (d) Special Deadline.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report containing the results of the portion of 
the study described in subsection (b)(1)(A).
SEC. 530. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40103 note.>>  AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES AT 
                        AVIATION EVENTS.

    (a) Requirement to Provide Services and Related Support.--The 
Administrator shall provide air traffic services and aviation safety 
support for large, multiday aviation events, including airshows and fly-
ins, where the average daily number of manned

[[Page 132 STAT. 3366]]

operations were 1,000 or greater in at least one of the preceding two 
years, without the imposition or collection of any fee, tax, or other 
charge for that purpose. Amounts for the provision of such services and 
support shall be derived from amounts appropriated or otherwise 
available for the Administration.
    (b) Determination of Services and Support to Be Provided.--In 
determining the services and support to be provided for an aviation 
event for purposes of subsection (a), the Administrator shall take into 
account the following:
            (1) The services and support required to meet levels of 
        activity at prior events, if any, similar to the event.
            (2) The anticipated need for services and support at the 
        event.
SEC. 531. APPLICATION OF VETERANS' PREFERENCE TO FEDERAL AVIATION 
                        ADMINISTRATION PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT 
                        SYSTEM.

    Section 40122(g)(2)(B) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``3304(f), to the extent consistent with 
        the Federal Aviation Administration's status as an excepted 
        service agency,'' before ``3308-3320''; and
            (2) by inserting ``3330a, 3330b, 3330c, and 3330d,'' before 
        ``relating''.
SEC. 532. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 note.>>  CLARIFICATION OF 
                        REQUIREMENTS FOR LIVING HISTORY FLIGHTS.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other law or regulation, in 
administering sections 61.113(c), 91.9, 91.315, 91.319(a)(1), 
91.319(a)(2), 119.5(g), and 119.21(a) of title 14, Code of Federal 
Regulations (or any successor regulations), the Administrator shall 
allow an aircraft owner or operator to accept monetary or in-kind 
donations for a flight operated by a living history flight experience 
provider, if the aircraft owner or operator has--
            (1) volunteered to provide such transportation; and
            (2) notified any individual that will be on the flight, at 
        the time of inquiry about the flight, that the flight operation 
        is for charitable purposes and is not subject to the same 
        requirements as a commercial flight.

    (b) Conditions To Ensure Public Safety.--The Administrator, 
consistent with current standards of the Administration for such 
operations, shall impose minimum standards with respect to training and 
flight hours for operations conducted by an owner or operator of an 
aircraft providing living history flight experience operations, 
including mandating that the pilot in command of such aircraft hold a 
commercial pilot certificate with instrument rating and be current and 
qualified with respect to all ratings or authorizations applicable to 
the specific aircraft being flown to ensure the safety of flight 
operations described in subsection (a).
    (c) Living History Flight Experience Provider Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``living history flight experience provider'' means an 
aircraft owner, aircraft operator, or organization that provides, 
arranges, or otherwise fosters living history flight experiences for the 
purpose of fulfilling its mission.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3367]]

SEC. 533. REVIEW AND REFORM OF FAA PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM.

    (a) Establishment of Advisory Panel.--Not later than 90 days after 
the date of enactment of this section, the Secretary of Transportation 
shall establish an advisory panel comprising no more than 7 independent, 
nongovernmental experts in budget, finance, or personnel management to 
review and evaluate the effectiveness of the FAA's personnel management 
system and performance management program for employees not covered by 
collective bargaining agreements.
    (b) Review, Evaluation, and Recommendations.--The advisory panel 
shall, at a minimum--
            (1) review all appropriate FAA orders, policies, procedures, 
        guidance, and the Human Resources Policy Manual;
            (2) review any applicable reports regarding FAA's personnel 
        management system, including reports of the Department of 
        Transportation Office of Inspector General, Government 
        Accountability Office, and National Academy of Public 
        Administration, and determine the status of recommendations made 
        in those reports;
            (3) review the personnel management system of any other 
        agency or governmental entity with a similar system to the FAA 
        for best practices with regard to personnel management;
            (4) assess the unique personnel authorities granted to the 
        FAA, determine whether the FAA has taken full advantage of those 
        authorities, and identify those authorities the FAA has not 
        fully taken advantage of;
            (5) review and determine the overall effectiveness of the 
        FAA's compensation, bonus pay, performance metrics, and 
        evaluation processes for employees not covered by collective 
        bargaining agreements;
            (6) review whether existing performance metrics and bonus 
        pay practices align with the FAA's mission and significantly 
        improve the FAA's provision of air traffic services, 
        implementation of air traffic control modernization initiatives, 
        and accomplishment of other FAA operational objectives;
            (7) identify the highest, lowest, and average complete 
        compensation for each position of employees not covered by 
        collective bargaining agreements;
            (8) survey interested parties and stakeholders, including 
        representatives of the aviation industry, for their views and 
        recommendations regarding improvements to the FAA's personnel 
        management system and performance management program;
            (9) develop recommendations to address the findings of the 
        work done pursuant to paragraphs (1) through (7), and to address 
        views and recommendations raised by interested parties pursuant 
        to paragraph (8); and
            (10) develop recommendations to improve the FAA's personnel 
        management system and performance management program, including 
        the compensation, bonus pay, performance metrics, and evaluation 
        processes, for employees not covered by collective bargaining 
        agreements.

    (c) Report.--Not later than 1 year after initiating the review and 
evaluation pursuant to subsection (a), the advisory panel shall submit a 
report on the results of the review and evaluation and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3368]]

its recommendations to the Secretary, the Administrator, the appropriate 
committees of Congress.
    (d) Report to Congress.--Not later than 3 months after submittal of 
the report pursuant to subsection (c), the Administrator shall transmit 
to the appropriate committees of Congress a report summarizing the 
findings of the advisory panel that--
            (1) contains an explanation of how the Administrator will 
        implement the recommendations of the advisory panel and measure 
        the effectiveness of the recommendations; and
            (2) specifies any recommendations that the Administrator 
        will not implement and the reasons for not implementing such 
        recommendations.

    (e) Sunset.--The advisory panel shall terminate on the date that is 
60 days after the transmittal of the report pursuant to subsection (d).
SEC. 534. NEXTGEN DELIVERY STUDY.

    (a) Study.--Not later than 180 days after the enactment of this Act, 
the inspector general of the Department of Transportation shall initiate 
a study of the potential impacts of a significantly delayed, 
significantly diminished, or completely failed delivery of the Next 
Generation Air Transportation System modernization initiative by the 
Federal Aviation Administration, including impacts to the air traffic 
control system and the national airspace system as a whole.
    (b) Scope of Study.--In carrying out the study under subsection (a), 
the inspector general shall assess the Administration's performance 
related to the NextGen modernization initiative, including--
            (1) the potential impacts on the operational efficiency of 
        our aviation system;
            (2) an analysis of potential economic losses and stranded 
        investments directly related to NextGen;
            (3) an analysis of the potential impacts to our 
        international competitiveness in aviation innovation;
            (4) an analysis of the main differences that would be seen 
        in our air traffic control system;
            (5) the potential impacts on the flying public, including 
        potential impacts to flight times, fares, and delays in the air 
        and on the ground;
            (6) the effects on supply chains reliant on air 
        transportation of cargo;
            (7) the potential impacts on the long-term benefits promised 
        by NextGen;
            (8) an analysis of the potential impacts on aircraft noise 
        and flight paths;
            (9) the potential changes in separation standards, fuel 
        consumption, flight paths, block times, and landing procedures 
        or lack thereof;
            (10) the potential impacts on aircraft taxi times and 
        aircraft emissions or lack thereof;
            (11) a determination of the total potential costs and 
        logistical challenges of the failure of NextGen, including a 
        comparison of the potential loss of the return on public and 
        private sector investment related to NextGen, as compared to 
        other available investment alternatives, between December 12, 
        2003, and the date of enactment of this Act; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3369]]

            (12) other matters arising in the course of the study.

    (c) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of initiation of 
the study under subsection (a), the inspector general shall submit to 
the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the results of the 
study.
SEC. 535. STUDY ON ALLERGIC REACTIONS.

    Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator shall--
            (1) study the prevalence of allergic reactions on board 
        flights, whether airlines universally report reactions to the 
        Federal Aviation Administration, and the frequency of first aid 
        inventory checks to ensure medicine to prevent anaphylactic 
        shock is in an aircraft; and
            (2) submit a report to the Committees on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure, Energy and Commerce, and Appropriations of the 
        House of Representatives and the Committees on Commerce, 
        Science, and Transportation, Health, Education, Labor, and 
        Pensions, and Appropriations of the Senate.
SEC. 536. OXYGEN MASK DESIGN STUDY.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator shall conduct a study to review and evaluate the design 
and effectiveness of commercial aircraft oxygen masks. In conducting the 
study, the Administrator shall determine whether the current design of 
oxygen masks is adequate, and whether changes to the design could 
increase correct passenger usage of the masks.
SEC. 537. AIR CARGO STUDY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall begin a 
study of international air cargo services among the United States and 
Central American, South American, and Caribbean Basin countries, that--
            (1) analyzes the supply of and demand for air cargo 
        transportation services among the United States and Central 
        American, South American, and Caribbean Basin countries;
            (2) analyzes the supply of and demand for air cargo 
        transportation services between--
                    (A) the United States, Central American, South 
                American, and Caribbean Basin countries; and
                    (B) African and European countries;
            (3) identifies the busiest routes in terms of cargo capacity 
        and frequency of air service;
            (4) identifies any air carrier or foreign air carrier hubs 
        in Central American, South American, and Caribbean Basin 
        countries at which a significant amount of air cargo is sorted, 
        handled, or consolidated for transportation to or from the 
        United States;
            (5) identifies any air carrier or foreign air carrier hubs 
        in the United States at which a significant amount of air cargo 
        is sorted, handled, or consolidated for transportation to or 
        from Central American, South American, and Caribbean Basin 
        countries.
            (6) identifies any significant gaps in the air cargo 
        services or cargo air carrier networks--
                    (A) among the countries described in paragraph 
                (2)(A);

[[Page 132 STAT. 3370]]

                    (B) between such countries and African countries; 
                and
                    (C) between such countries and European countries; 
                and
            (7) assesses the possible impact of the establishment of an 
        air carrier hub in Puerto Rico at which air cargo is sorted, 
        handled, or consolidated for transportation to or from the 
        United States, including the impact on--
                    (A) the employment rate and economy of Puerto Rico;
                    (B) domestic and foreign air transportation of 
                cargo;
                    (C) United States competitiveness in the air 
                transportation of cargo;
                    (D) air cargo operations at other airports in the 
                United States; and
                    (E) domestic air carrier employment.

    (b) Report.--Not later than 12 months after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report on the results of the study described in 
subsection (a).
    (c) Definition.--In this section, the term ``Caribbean Basin 
countries'' has the same meaning given the term ``Caribbean Basin 
country'' in section 501 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1737).
SEC. 538. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON PREVENTING THE TRANSPORTATION OF 
                        DISEASE-CARRYING MOSQUITOES AND OTHER 
                        INSECTS ON COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of Transportation and 
the Secretary of Agriculture should, in coordination and consultation 
with the World Health Organization, develop a framework and guidance for 
the use of safe, effective, and nontoxic means of preventing the 
transportation of disease-carrying mosquitoes and other insects on 
commercial aircraft.
SEC. 539. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

    (a) Airport Capacity Enhancement Projects at Congested Airports.--
Section 40104(c) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``section 47176'' and inserting ``section 47175''.
    (b) Passenger Facility Charges.--Section 40117(a)(5) of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``charge or charge'' and 
inserting ``charge''.
    (c) Overflights of National Parks.--Section 40128(a)(3) of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``under part 91 of the title 
14,'' and inserting ``under part 91 of title 14,''.
    (d) Plans To Address Needs of Families of Passengers Involved in 
Foreign Air Carrier Accidents.--Section 41313(c)(16) of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``An assurance that the foreign air 
carrier'' and inserting ``An assurance that''.
    (e) Operations of Carriers.--The analysis for chapter 417 of title 
49, United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC 41701 prec.>>  is amended by 
striking the item relating to section 41718 and inserting the following:

``41718. Special rules for Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport.''.

    (f) Schedules for Certain Transportation of Mail.--Section 41902(a) 
of title 49, United States Code, is amended by striking ``section 
41906'' and inserting ``section 41905''.
    (g) Weighing Mail.--Section 41907 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended by striking ``and'' and all that follows through 
``administrative'' and inserting ``and administrative''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3371]]

    (h) Structures Interfering With Air Commerce or National Security.--
Section 44718(b)(1) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by striking 
        ``air navigation facilities and equipment'' and inserting ``air 
        or space navigation facilities and equipment''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (A)--
                    (A) in clause (v) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (B) by redesignating clause (vi) as clause (vii); 
                and
                    (C) by inserting after clause (v) the following:
                          ``(vi) the impact on launch and reentry for 
                      launch and reentry vehicles arriving or departing 
                      from a launch site or reentry site licensed by the 
                      Secretary of Transportation; and''.

    (i) Flight Attendant Certification.--Section 44728 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c), by striking ``chapter'' and inserting 
        ``title''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)(3), by striking ``is'' and inserting 
        ``be''.

    (j) Fees Involving Aircraft Not Providing Air Transportation.--
Section 45302 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``44703(f)(2)'' each place it appears and inserting ``44703(g)(2)''.
    (k) Schedule of Fees.--Section 45301(a)(1) of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``United States government'' and 
inserting ``United States Government''.
    (l) Classified Evidence.--Section 46111(g)(2)(A) of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``(18 U.S.C. App.)'' and inserting 
``(18 U.S.C. App.))''.
    (m) Chapter 465.--The analysis for chapter 465 of title 49, United 
States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC 46501 prec.>>  is amended by striking the 
following item:

``46503. Repealed.''.

    (n) Allowable Cost Standards.--Section 47110(b)(2) of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``compatability'' and 
        inserting ``compatibility''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (D)(i), by striking ``climactic'' and 
        inserting ``climatic''.

    (o) Definition of Qualified HUBZone Small Business Concern.--Section 
47113(a)(3) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``(15 U.S.C. 632(o))'' and inserting ``(15 U.S.C. 632(p))''.
    (p) Special Apportionment Categories.--Section 47117(e)(1)(B) is 
amended by striking ``at least'' and inserting ``At least''.
    (q) Solicitation and Consideration of Comments.--Section 47171(l) of 
title 49, United States Code, is amended by striking ``4371'' and 
inserting ``4321''.
    (r) Operations and Maintenance.--Section 48104 is amended by 
striking ``(a) Authorization of Appropriations.--the'' and inserting 
``The''.
    (s) Adjustments to Compensation for Significantly Increased Costs.--
Section 426 of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) (49 U.S.C. 41737 note) by striking 
        ``Secretary'' and inserting ``Secretary of Transportation''; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3372]]

            (2) in subsection (c) (49 U.S.C. 41731 note) by striking 
        ``the Secretary may waive'' and inserting ``the Secretary of 
        Transportation may waive''.

    (t) Aircraft Departure Queue Management Pilot Program.--Section 
507(a) of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 44505 
note) is amended by striking ``section 48101(a)'' and inserting 
``section 48101(a) of title 49, United States Code,''.
SEC. 540. REPORT ON ILLEGAL CHARTER FLIGHTS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Transportation shall submit to the appropriate committees 
of Congress an analysis of reports filed during the 10-year period 
preceding such date of enactment through the illegal charter hotline of 
the FAA and other sources that includes--
            (1) what followup action the Department of Transportation or 
        the Administration takes when a report of illegal charter 
        operations is received;
            (2) how the Department of Transportation or the 
        Administration decides to allocate resources;
            (3) challenges the Department of Transportation or the 
        Administration face in identifying illegal operators; and
            (4) recommendations for improving the efforts of the 
        Department of Transportation or the Administration to combat 
        illegal charter carrier operations.
SEC. 541. USE OF NASA'S SUPER GUPPY AIRCRAFT FOR COMMERCIAL 
                        TRANSPORT.

    Notwithstanding section 40125 of title 49, United States Code, the 
Aero Spacelines Super Guppy Turbine B-377-SGT aircraft, serial number 
0004, may be used to provide the transport, for compensation or hire, of 
oversized space launch vehicle components or oversized spacecraft 
components while continuing to qualify as a public aircraft operation 
pursuant to section 40102(a)(41)(A) of title 49, United States Code, 
if--
            (1) the aircraft is owned and operated by the National 
        Aeronautics and Space Administration;
            (2) commercial operation is limited to operations conducted 
        wholly in United States airspace; and
            (3) no commercially available domestic air transport 
        alternative exists.
SEC. 542. PROHIBITED AIRSPACE ASSESSMENT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation, in coordination with 
appropriate Federal agencies, shall conduct an assessment on the 
security of United States prohibited airspace designated by the Federal 
Aviation Administration, with a focus on permanent prohibited airspace 
(in this section referred to as ``United States prohibited airspace'').
    (b) Minimum Components.--The assessment developed under subsection 
(a) shall be unclassified but may contain a classified annex. It shall, 
at a minimum, include--
            (1) a summary of the number and types of violations of 
        United States prohibited airspace and historical trends of such 
        numbers and types;
            (2) an assessment of the processes used to establish United 
        States prohibited airspace;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3373]]

            (3) an assessment of manned and unmanned aircraft, current 
        and future, with the ability to penetrate United States 
        prohibited airspace undetected;
            (4) an assessment of the current and future capabilities of 
        the United States to mitigate threats to United States 
        prohibited airspace;
            (5) recommendations on how to improve security of United 
        States prohibited airspace; and
            (6) a process to modify section 99.7 of title 14, Code of 
        Federal Regulations, to expand the Administrator's authority to 
        establish temporary flight restrictions in cooperation with 
        State and local law enforcement agencies, or as required for 
        purposes of national security, homeland security, or law 
        enforcement support.
SEC. 543. REPORT ON MULTIAGENCY USE OF AIRSPACE AND ENVIRONMENTAL 
                        REVIEW.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Defense, shall submit to the covered committees of Congress 
a report documenting efforts made toward improving processes to resolve 
persistent challenges for special use airspace requests in support of, 
or associated with, short notice testing requirements at Major Range and 
Test Facility Bases, including the establishment of temporary military 
operations areas used for conducting short-term, scheduled exercises.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
            (1) Analysis of previous efforts to streamline internal 
        processes associated with the designation of temporary military 
        operations areas at Major Range and Test Facility Bases and the 
        use of such areas for scheduled exercises.
            (2) Analysis of progress made to ensure consistency of 
        environmental review, including impact analysis, associated 
        environmental studies, or consultation, while complying with the 
        National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
        seq.) and other environmental requirements.
            (3) Identification of challenges, if any, in complying with 
        the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969.
            (4) A description of airspace requirements, current test and 
        training needs statements completed during the 10-year period 
        preceding the report, and future 5-year requirements, including 
        all temporary military operating areas, special use airspaces, 
        instrument routes, visual routes, and unfulfilled user 
        requirements.
            (5) Proposed options and solutions to overcome identified 
        challenges, if any, including identifying whether--
                    (A) a solution or solutions can be incorporated 
                within the existing Federal Aviation Administration and 
                Department of Defense Memorandum of Understanding; or
                    (B) changes to current law are required.

    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Covered committees of congress.--The term ``covered 
        committees of Congress'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                Transportation and the Committee on Armed Services of 
                the Senate; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3374]]

                    (B) the Committee on Transportation and 
                Infrastructure and the Committee on Armed Services of 
                the House of Representatives.
            (2) Major range and test facility base.--The term ``Major 
        Range and Test Facility Base'' has the meaning given the term in 
        section 196(i) of title 10, United States Code.
            (3) Special use airspace.--The term ``special use airspace'' 
        means certain designations of airspace designated by the Federal 
        Aviation Administration, as administered by the Secretary of 
        Defense.
SEC. 544. AGENCY PROCUREMENT REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 40110(d) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Annual report on the purchase of foreign manufactured 
        articles.--
                    ``(A) Report.--(i) Not later than 90 days after the 
                end of the fiscal year, the Secretary of Transportation 
                shall submit a report to Congress on the dollar amount 
                of acquisitions subject to the Buy American Act made by 
                the agency from entities that manufacture the articles, 
                materials, or supplies outside of the United States in 
                such fiscal year.
                    ``(ii) The report required by clause (i) shall only 
                include acquisitions with total value exceeding the 
                micro-purchase level.
                    ``(B) Contents.--The report required by subparagraph 
                (A) shall separately indicate--
                          ``(i) the dollar value of any articles, 
                      materials, or supplies purchased that were 
                      manufactured outside of the United States; and
                          ``(ii) a summary of the total procurement 
                      funds spent on goods manufactured in the United 
                      States versus funds spent on goods manufactured 
                      outside of the United States.
                    ``(C) Availability of report.--The Secretary shall 
                make the report under subparagraph (A) publicly 
                available on the agency's website not later than 30 days 
                after submission to Congress.''.
SEC. 545. FAA ORGANIZATIONAL REFORM.

    (a) Chief Technology Officer.--Section 106(s) of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(s) Chief Technology Officer.--
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Appointment.--There shall be a Chief 
                Technology Officer appointed by the Chief Operating 
                Officer. The Chief Technology Officer shall report 
                directly to the Chief Operating Officer.
                    ``(B) Minimum qualifications.--The Chief Technology 
                Officer shall have--
                          ``(i) at least 10 years experience in 
                      engineering management or another relevant 
                      technical management field; and
                          ``(ii) knowledge of or experience in the 
                      aviation industry.
                    ``(C) Removal.--The Chief Technology Officer shall 
                serve at the pleasure of the Administrator.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3375]]

                    ``(D) Restriction.--The Chief Technology Officer may 
                not also be the Deputy Administrator.
            ``(2) Responsibilities.--The responsibilities of the Chief 
        Technology Officer shall include--
                    ``(A) ensuring the proper operation, maintenance, 
                and cybersecurity of technology systems relating to the 
                air traffic control system across all program offices of 
                the Administration;
                    ``(B) coordinating the implementation, operation, 
                maintenance, and cybersecurity of technology programs 
                relating to the air traffic control system with the 
                aerospace industry and other Federal agencies;
                    ``(C) reviewing and providing advice to the 
                Secretary, the Administrator, and the Chief Operating 
                Officer on the Administration's budget, cost-accounting 
                system, and benefit-cost analyses with respect to 
                technology programs relating to the air traffic control 
                system;
                    ``(D) consulting with the Administrator on the 
                Capital Investment Plan of the Administration prior to 
                its submission to Congress;
                    ``(E) developing an annual air traffic control 
                system technology operation and maintenance plan that is 
                consistent with the annual performance targets 
                established under paragraph (4); and
                    ``(F) ensuring that the air traffic control system 
                architecture remains, to the maximum extent practicable, 
                flexible enough to incorporate future technological 
                advances developed and directly procured by aircraft 
                operators.
            ``(3) Compensation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Chief Technology Officer 
                shall be paid at an annual rate of basic pay to be 
                determined by the Administrator, in consultation with 
                the Chief Operating Officer. The annual rate may not 
                exceed the annual compensation paid under section 102 of 
                title 3. The Chief Technology Officer shall be subject 
                to the postemployment provisions of section 207 of title 
                18 as if the position of Chief Technology Officer were 
                described in section 207(c)(2)(A)(i) of that title.
                    ``(B) Bonus.--In addition to the annual rate of 
                basic pay authorized by subparagraph (A), the Chief 
                Technology Officer may receive a bonus for any calendar 
                year not to exceed 30 percent of the annual rate of 
                basic pay, based upon the Administrator's evaluation of 
                the Chief Technology Officer's performance in relation 
                to the performance targets established under paragraph 
                (4).
            ``(4) Annual performance targets.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Administrator and the Chief 
                Operating Officer, in consultation with the Chief 
                Technology Officer, shall establish measurable annual 
                performance targets for the Chief Technology Officer in 
                key operational areas.
                    ``(B) Report.--The Administrator shall transmit to 
                the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of 
                the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
                Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a 
                report describing the annual performance targets 
                established under subparagraph (A).

[[Page 132 STAT. 3376]]

            ``(5) Annual performance report.--The Chief Technology 
        Officer shall prepare and transmit to the Secretary of 
        Transportation, the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure of the House of Representatives, and the 
        Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate 
        an annual report containing--
                    ``(A) detailed descriptions and metrics of how 
                successful the Chief Technology Officer was in meeting 
                the annual performance targets established under 
                paragraph (4); and
                    ``(B) other information as may be requested by the 
                Administrator and the Chief Operating Officer.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 709(a)(3)(L) of the Vision 100-Century of 
        Aviation Reauthorization Act (49 U.S.C. 40101 note) is amended 
        by striking ``Chief NextGen Officer'' and inserting ``Chief 
        Technology Officer''.
            (2) Section 804(a)(4)(A) of the FAA Modernization and Reform 
        Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 44501 note) is amended by striking 
        ``Chief NextGen Officer'' and inserting ``Chief Technology 
        Officer''.
SEC. 546. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 note.>>  FAA CIVIL AVIATION 
                        REGISTRY UPGRADE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration 
shall complete covered upgrades of the Administration's Civil Aviation 
Registry (in this section referred to as the ``Registry'').
    (b) Covered Upgrade Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
upgrades'' means--
            (1) the digitization of nondigital Registry information, 
        including paper documents, microfilm images, and photographs, 
        from an analog or nondigital format to a digital format;
            (2) the digitalization of Registry manual and paper-based 
        processes, business operations, and functions by leveraging 
        digital technologies and a broader use of digitized data;
            (3) the implementation of systems allowing a member of the 
        public to submit any information or form to the Registry and 
        conduct any transaction with the Registry by electronic or other 
        remote means; and
            (4) allowing more efficient, broader, and remote access to 
        the Registry.

    (c) Applicability.--The requirements of subsection (a) shall apply 
to the entire Civil Aviation Registry, including the Aircraft 
Registration Branch and the Airmen Certification Branch.
    (d) Manual Surcharge.--Chapter 453 of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 45306. <<NOTE: 49 USC 45306.>>  Manual surcharge

    ``(a) In General.--Not later 3 years after the date of enactment of 
the FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018, the Administrator shall impose and 
collect a surcharge on a Civil Aviation Registry transaction that--
            ``(1) is conducted in person at the Civil Aviation Registry;
            ``(2) could be conducted, as determined by the 
        Administrator, with the same or greater level of efficiency by 
        electronic or other remote means; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3377]]

            ``(3) is not related to research or other non-commercial 
        activities.

    ``(b) Maximum Surcharge.--A surcharge imposed and collected under 
subsection (a) shall not exceed twice the maximum fee the Administrator 
is authorized to charge for the registration of an aircraft, not used to 
provide air transportation, after the transfer of ownership under 
section 45302(b)(2).
    ``(c) Credit to Account and Availability.--Monies collected from a 
surcharge imposed under subsection (a) shall be treated as monies 
collected under section 45302 and subject to the terms and conditions 
set forth in section 45302(d).''.
    (e) Report.--Not later than 1 year after date of enactment of this 
Act, and annually thereafter until the covered upgrades required under 
subsection (a) are complete, the Administrator shall submit a report to 
the appropriate committees of Congress describing--
            (1) the schedule for the covered upgrades to the Registry;
            (2) the office responsible for the implementation of the 
        such covered upgrades;
            (3) the metrics being used to measure progress in 
        implementing the covered upgrades; and
            (4) the status of the covered upgrades as of the date of the 
        report.
SEC. 547. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40103 note.>>  ENHANCED AIR TRAFFIC 
                        SERVICES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator shall establish a pilot program to 
provide air traffic control services on a preferential basis to aircraft 
equipped with certain NextGen avionics that--
            (1) lasts at least 2 years; and
            (2) operates in at least 3 suitable airports.

    (b) Duration of Daily Service.--The air traffic control services 
provided under the pilot program established under subsection (a) shall 
occur for at least 3 consecutive hours between 0600 and 2200 local time 
during each day of the pilot program.
    (c) Airport Selection.--The Administrator shall designate airports 
for participation in the pilot program after consultation with aircraft 
operators, manufacturers, and airport sponsors.
    (d) Definitions.--
            (1) Certain nextgen avionics.--The term ``certain NextGen 
        avionics'' means those avionics and related software designated 
        by the Administrator after consultations with aircraft operators 
        and manufacturers.
            (2) Preferential basis.--The term ``preferential basis'' 
        means--
                    (A) prioritizing aircraft equipped with certain 
                NextGen avionics during a Ground Delay Program by 
                assigning them fewer minutes of delay relative to other 
                aircraft based upon principles established after 
                consultation with aircraft operators and manufacturers; 
                or
                    (B) sequencing aircraft equipped with certain 
                NextGen avionics ahead of other aircraft in the Traffic 
                Flow Management System to the maximum extent consistent 
                with safety.

    (e) Sunset.--The pilot program established under subsection (a) 
shall terminate on September 30, 2023.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3378]]

    (f) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date on which the 
pilot program terminates, the Administrator shall submit to the 
appropriate committees of Congress a report on the results of the pilot 
program.
SEC. 548. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN 
                        AVIATION.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Administration should, in 
consultation with appropriate Federal agencies and industry 
stakeholders, periodically review the use or proposed use of artificial 
intelligence technologies within the aviation system and assess whether 
the Administration needs a plan regarding artificial intelligence 
standards and best practices to carry out its mission.
SEC. 549. STUDY ON CYBERSECURITY WORKFORCE OF FAA.

    (a) Study.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Administrator shall enter into an agreement with the 
National Academy of Sciences to conduct a study on the cybersecurity 
workforce of the Administration in order to develop recommendations to 
increase the size, quality, and diversity of such workforce, including 
cybersecurity researchers and specialists.
    (b) Report to Congress.--Not later than 180 days after the 
completion of the study conducted under subsection (a), the 
Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
report on the results of such study.
SEC. 550. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  TREATMENT OF MULTIYEAR 
                        LESSEES OF LARGE AND TURBINE-POWERED 
                        MULTIENGINE AIRCRAFT.

    The Secretary of Transportation shall revise such regulations as may 
be necessary to ensure that multiyear lessees and owners of large and 
turbine-powered multiengine aircraft are treated equally for purposes of 
joint ownership policies of the FAA.
SEC. 551. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44903 note.>>  EMPLOYEE ASSAULT 
                        PREVENTION AND RESPONSE PLANS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, each air carrier operating under part 121 of title 14, Code 
of Federal Regulations (in this section referred to as a ``part 121 air 
carrier''), shall submit to the Administrator for review and acceptance 
an Employee Assault Prevention and Response Plan related to the customer 
service agents of the air carrier and that is developed in consultation 
with the labor union representing such agents.
    (b) Contents of Plan.--An Employee Assault Prevention and Response 
Plan submitted under subsection (a) shall include the following:
            (1) Reporting protocols for air carrier customer service 
        agents who have been the victim of a verbal or physical assault.
            (2) Protocols for the immediate notification of law 
        enforcement after an incident of verbal or physical assault 
        committed against an air carrier customer service agent.
            (3) Protocols for informing Federal law enforcement with 
        respect to violations of section 46503 of title 49, United 
        States Code.
            (4) Protocols for ensuring that a passenger involved in a 
        violent incident with a customer service agent of an air carrier 
        is not allowed to move through airport security or board

[[Page 132 STAT. 3379]]

        an aircraft until appropriate law enforcement has had an 
        opportunity to assess the incident and take appropriate action.
            (5) Protocols for air carriers to inform passengers of 
        Federal laws protecting Federal, airport, and air carrier 
        employees who have security duties within an airport.

    (c) Employee Training.--A part 121 air carrier shall conduct initial 
and recurrent training for all employees, including management, of the 
air carrier with respect to the plan required under subsection (a), 
which shall include training on de-escalating hostile situations, 
written protocols on dealing with hostile situations, and the reporting 
of relevant incidents.
    (d) Study.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall--
            (1) complete a study of crimes of violence (as defined in 
        section 16 of title 18, United States Code) committed against 
        airline customer service representatives while they are 
        performing their duties and on airport property; and
            (2) submit the findings of the study, including any 
        recommendations, to the appropriate committees of Congress.

    (e) Gap Analysis.--The study required under subsection (d) shall 
include a gap analysis to determine if State and local laws and 
resources are adequate to deter or otherwise address the crimes of 
violence described in subsection (a) and recommendations on how to 
address any identified gaps.
SEC. 552. STUDY ON TRAINING OF CUSTOMER-FACING AIR CARRIER 
                        EMPLOYEES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall conduct a study on 
the training received by customer-facing employees of air carriers.
    (b) Contents.--The study shall include--
            (1) an analysis of the training received by customer-facing 
        employees with respect to the management of disputes on 
        aircraft;
            (2) an examination of how institutions of higher learning, 
        in coordination with air carriers, customer-facing employees and 
        their representatives, consumer advocacy organizations, and 
        other stakeholders, could--
                    (A) review such training and related practices;
                    (B) produce recommendations; and
                    (C) if determined appropriate, provide supplemental 
                training; and
            (3) the effectiveness of air carriers' Employee Assault 
        Prevention and Response Plans required under section 551.

    (c) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
Congress a report on the results of the study.
SEC. 553. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44720 note.>>  AUTOMATED WEATHER 
                        OBSERVING SYSTEMS POLICY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall--
            (1) update automated weather observing systems standards to 
        maximize the use of new technologies that promote the reduction 
        of equipment or maintenance cost for non-Federal automated 
        weather observing systems, including the use of remote 
        monitoring and maintenance, unless demonstrated to be 
        ineffective;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3380]]

            (2) review, and if necessary update, existing policies in 
        accordance with the standards developed under paragraph (1); and
            (3) establish a process under which appropriate onsite 
        airport personnel or an aviation official may, with appropriate 
        manufacturer training or alternative training as determined by 
        the Administrator, be permitted to conduct the minimum triannual 
        preventative maintenance checks under the advisory circular for 
        non-Federal automated weather observing systems (AC 150/5220-
        16E) and any other similar, successor checks.

    (b) Permission.--Permission to conduct the minimum triannual 
preventative maintenance checks described under subsection (a)(3) and 
any similar, successor checks shall not be withheld but for specific 
cause.
    (c) Standards.--In updating the standards under subsection (a)(1), 
the Administrator shall--
            (1) ensure the standards are performance-based;
            (2) use risk analysis to determine the accuracy of the 
        automated weather observing systems outputs required for pilots 
        to perform safe aircraft operations; and
            (3) provide a cost-benefit analysis to determine whether the 
        benefits outweigh the cost for any requirement not directly 
        related to safety.

    (d) AIP Eligibility of AWOS Equipment.--
            (1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other law, the 
        Administrator is authorized to and shall waive any positive 
        benefit-cost ratio requirement for automated weather-observing 
        system equipment under subchapter I of chapter 471, of title 49, 
        United States Code, if--
                    (A) the airport sponsor or State, as applicable, 
                certifies that a grant for such automated weather 
                observing systems equipment under that chapter will 
                assist an applicable airport to respond to regional 
                emergency needs, including medical, firefighting, and 
                search and rescue needs;
                    (B) the Secretary determines, after consultation 
                with the airport sponsor or State, as applicable, that 
                the placement of automated weather-observing equipment 
                at the airport will not cause unacceptable radio 
                frequency congestion; and
                    (C) the other requirements under that chapter are 
                met.
            (2) Applicability to low population density states.--This 
        subsection is applicable only to airports located in states with 
        a population density, based on the most recent decennial census, 
        of 50 or fewer persons per square mile.

    (e) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2025, the Administrator 
shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the 
implementation of the requirements under this section.
SEC. 554. <<NOTE: 49 USC 45105 note.>>  PRIORITIZING AND 
                        SUPPORTING THE HUMAN INTERVENTION 
                        MOTIVATION STUDY (HIMS) PROGRAM AND THE 
                        FLIGHT ATTENDANT DRUG AND ALCOHOL PROGRAM 
                        (FADAP).

    (a) In General.--The Administration shall continue to prioritize and 
support the Human Intervention Motivation Study

[[Page 132 STAT. 3381]]

(HIMS) program for flight crewmembers and the Flight Attendant Drug and 
Alcohol Program (FADAP) for flight attendants.
    (b) Study and Recommendations.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Transportation shall enter 
        into an agreement with the Transportation Research Board (in 
        this subsection referred to as the ``Board'') under which the 
        Board shall--
                    (A) conduct a study on the Human Intervention 
                Motivation Study (HIMS) program, the Flight Attendant 
                Drug and Alcohol Program (FADAP), and any other drug and 
                alcohol programs within the other modal administrations 
                within the Department of Transportation;
                    (B) to the extent justified by the findings from the 
                study described in subparagraph (A), make 
                recommendations to the Federal Aviation Administration 
                and other administrations within the Department of 
                Transportation on how to implement programs, or changes 
                to existing programs, that seek to help transportation 
                workers get treatment for drug and alcohol abuse and 
                return to work; and
                    (C) upon the completion of the study described in 
                subparagraph (A), submit to the appropriate committees 
                of Congress a report on such study, including the 
                Board's findings, conclusions, and recommendations.
            (2) Requirement.--In conducting the study under paragraph 
        (1), the Board shall identify--
                    (A) best policies and practices within existing 
                programs; and
                    (B) best prevention, early intervention, and return 
                to work practices specifically around prescription 
                medication abuse, with a special emphasis on employee 
                use of opioids.
SEC. 555. <<NOTE: 41 USC 3101 note prec.>>  COST-EFFECTIVENESS 
                        ANALYSIS OF EQUIPMENT RENTAL.

    (a) Agency Analysis of Equipment Acquisition.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided for under subsection 
        (d), the head of each executive agency shall acquire equipment 
        using the method of acquisition most advantageous to the Federal 
        Government based on a case-by-case analysis of comparative costs 
        and other factors, including those factors listed in section 
        7.401 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation.
            (2) Methods of acquisition.--The methods of acquisition to 
        be compared in the analysis under paragraph (1) shall include, 
        at a minimum, purchase, short-term rental or lease, long-term 
        rental or lease, interagency acquisition, and acquisition 
        agreements with a State or a local government as described in 
        subsection (c).
            (3) Amendment of federal acquisition regulation.--Not later 
        than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council shall amend the Federal 
        Acquisition Regulation to implement the requirement of this 
        subsection, including a determination of the factors for 
        executive agencies to consider for purposes of performing the 
        analysis under paragraph (1).
            (4) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this subsection shall 
        be construed to affect the requirements of chapter 37 of title 
        41, United States Code, section 2305 of title 10, United States 
        Code, or section 1535 of title 31, United States Code.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3382]]

    (b) Date of Implementation.--The analysis described in subsection 
(a) shall be applied to contracts for the acquisition of equipment 
entered into on or after the date that the Federal Acquisition 
Regulation is amended pursuant to paragraph (3) of such subsection.
    (c) Acquisition Agreements With States or Local Governments.--
            (1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
        including chapter 37 of title 41, United States Code, the Small 
        Business Act (15 U.S.C. 631 et seq.), and section 2305 of title 
        10, United States Code, the head of an executive agency may 
        enter into an acquisition agreement authorized by this section 
        directly with a State or a local government if the agency head 
        determines that the agreement otherwise satisfies the 
        requirements of subsection (a)(1).
            (2) Terms and conditions.--Any agreement under paragraph (1) 
        shall contain such terms and conditions as the head of the 
        agency deems necessary or appropriate to protect the interests 
        of the United States.

    (d) Exceptions.--The analysis otherwise required under subsection 
(a) is not required--
            (1) when the President has issued an emergency declaration 
        or a major disaster declaration pursuant to the Robert T. 
        Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 
        5121 et seq.);
            (2) in other emergency situations if the agency head makes a 
        determination that obtaining such equipment is necessary in 
        order to protect human life or property; or
            (3) when otherwise authorized by law.

    (e) Study of Agency Analyses.--Not later than 2 years after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United 
States shall submit to the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform 
of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security 
and Governmental Affairs of the Senate a comprehensive report on the 
decisions made by the executive agencies with the highest levels of 
acquisition spending, and a sample of executive agencies with lower 
levels of acquisition spending, to acquire high-value equipment by 
lease, rental, or purchase pursuant to subpart 7.4 of the Federal 
Acquisition Regulation.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Executive agency.--The term ``executive agency'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 102 of title 40, United 
        States Code.
            (2) Interagency acquisition.--The term ``interagency 
        acquisition'' has the meaning given that term in section 2.101 
        of the Federal Acquisition Regulation.
            (3) State.--The term ``State'' has the meaning given the 
        term in section 6581 of title 31, United States Code.
            (4) Local government.--The term ``local government'' means 
        any unit of local government within a State, including a county, 
        municipality, city, borough, town, township, parish, local 
        public authority, school district, special district, intrastate 
        district, council of governments, or regional or interstate 
        government entity, and any agency or instrumentality of a local 
        government.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3383]]

SEC. 556. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44103 note.>> AIRCRAFT REGISTRATION.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator shall initiate a rulemaking to increase 
the duration of aircraft registrations for noncommercial general 
aviation aircraft to 7 years.
    (b) Considerations.--In promulgating the notice of proposed 
rulemaking described in subsection (a), the Administrator may consider 
any events, circumstances, changes in any ownership entity or structure, 
or other condition that would necessitate renewal prior to the 
expiration of an aircraft registration.
SEC. 557. REQUIREMENT TO CONSULT WITH STAKEHOLDERS IN DEFINING 
                        SCOPE AND REQUIREMENTS FOR FUTURE FLIGHT 
                        SERVICE PROGRAM.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator shall consult with stakeholders in defining the scope and 
requirements for any new Future Flight Service Program of the 
Administration to be used in a competitive source selection for the next 
flight service contract with the Administration.
SEC. 558. <<NOTE: 49 USC 106 note.>>  FEDERAL AVIATION 
                        ADMINISTRATION PERFORMANCE MEASURES AND 
                        TARGETS.

    (a) Performance Measures.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall establish 
performance measures relating to the management of the Administration, 
which shall, at a minimum, include measures to assess--
            (1) the timely and cost-effective completion of projects; 
        and
            (2) the effectiveness of the Administration in achieving the 
        goals described in section 47171 of title 49, United States 
        Code.

    (b) Performance Targets.--Not later than 180 days after the date on 
which the Secretary establishes performance measures in accordance with 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall establish performance targets 
relating to each of the measures described in that subsection.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the inspector general of the Department of Transportation 
shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report 
describing the progress of the Secretary in meeting the performance 
targets established under subsection (b).
SEC. 559. REPORT ON PLANS FOR AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL FACILITIES IN 
                        THE NEW YORK CITY AND NEWARK REGION.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
report on the Administration's staffing and scheduling plans for air 
traffic control facilities in the New York City and Newark region for 
the 1-year period beginning on such date of enactment.
SEC. 560. WORK PLAN FOR THE NEW YORK/NEW JERSEY/PHILADELPHIA 
                        METROPOLITAN AREA AIRSPACE PROJECT.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator shall develop and publish in the Federal Register a work 
plan for the New York/New Jersey/Philadelphia Metropolitan Area Airspace 
Project.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3384]]

SEC. 561. ANNUAL REPORT ON INCLUSION OF DISABLED VETERAN LEAVE IN 
                        PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM.

    Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, and 
not less frequently than annually there after until the date that is 5 
years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall 
publish on a publicly accessible internet website a report on--
            (1) the effect of the amendments made by subsections (a) and 
        (b) of section 2 of the Federal Aviation Administration Veteran 
        Transition Improvement Act of 2016 (Public Law 114-242), on the 
        Administration's work force; and
            (2) the number of disabled veterans benefitting from such 
        subsections.
SEC. 562. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  ENHANCED SURVEILLANCE 
                        CAPABILITY.

    Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator shall identify and implement a strategy to--
            (1) advance near-term and long-term uses of enhanced 
        surveillance systems, such as space-based ADS-B, within United 
        States airspace or international airspace delegated to the 
        United States;
            (2) exercise leadership on setting global standards for the 
        separation of aircraft in oceanic airspace by working with--
                    (A) foreign counterparts of the Administrator in the 
                International Civil Aviation Organization and its 
                subsidiary organizations;
                    (B) other international organizations and fora; and
                    (C) the private sector; and
            (3) ensure the participation of the Administration in the 
        analysis of trials of enhanced surveillance systems, such as 
        space-based ADS-B, performed by foreign air navigation service 
        providers in North Atlantic airspace.
SEC. 563. ACCESS OF AIR CARRIERS TO INFORMATION ABOUT APPLICANTS 
                        TO BE PILOTS FROM NATIONAL DRIVER 
                        REGISTER.

    Section 30305(b)(8) of title 49, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:
            ``(8)(A) An individual who is seeking employment by an air 
        carrier as a pilot may request the chief driver licensing 
        official of a State to provide information about the individual 
        under subsection (a) of this section to the prospective employer 
        of the individual, the authorized agent of the prospective 
        employer, or the Secretary of Transportation.
            ``(B) An air carrier that is the prospective employer of an 
        individual described in subparagraph (A), or an authorized agent 
        of such an air carrier, may request and receive information 
        about that individual from the National Driver Register through 
        an organization approved by the Secretary for purposes of 
        requesting, receiving, and transmitting such information 
        directly to the prospective employer of such an individual or 
        the authorized agent of the prospective employer. This paragraph 
        shall be carried out in accordance with paragraphs (2) and (11) 
        of section 44703(h) and the Fair Credit Reporting Act (15 U.S.C. 
        1681 et seq.).

[[Page 132 STAT. 3385]]

            ``(C) Information may not be obtained from the National 
        Driver Register under this paragraph if the information was 
        entered in the Register more than 5 years before the request 
        unless the information is about a revocation or suspension still 
        in effect on the date of the request.''.
SEC. 564. REGULATORY REFORM.

    Section 106(p)(5) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Committee, or'' and inserting 
        ``Committee,''; and
            (2) by striking the period at the end and inserting ``, or 
        such aerospace rulemaking committees as the Secretary shall 
        designate.''.
SEC. 565. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44714 note.>>  AVIATION FUEL.

    (a) Use of Unleaded Aviation Gasoline.--The Administrator shall 
allow the use of an unleaded aviation gasoline in an aircraft as a 
replacement for a leaded gasoline if the Administrator--
            (1) determines that the unleaded aviation gasoline qualifies 
        as a replacement for an approved leaded gasoline;
            (2) identifies the aircraft and engines that are eligible to 
        use the qualified replacement unleaded gasoline; and
            (3) adopts a process (other than the traditional means of 
        certification) to allow eligible aircraft and engines to operate 
        using qualified replacement unleaded gasoline in a manner that 
        ensures safety.

    (b) Timing.--The Administrator shall adopt the process described in 
subsection (a)(3) not later than 180 days after the later of--
            (1) the date on which the Administration completes the 
        Piston Aviation Fuels Initiative; or
            (2) the date on which the American Society for Testing and 
        Materials publishes a production specification for an unleaded 
        aviation gasoline.

    (c) Type Certification.--Existing regulatory mechanisms by which an 
unleaded aviation gasoline can be approved for use in an engine or 
aircraft by Type or Supplemental Type Certificate for individual 
aircraft and engine types or by Approved Model List Supplemental Type 
Certificate providing coverage for a broad range of applicable types of 
aircraft or engines identified in the application shall continue to be 
fully available as a means of approving and bringing an unleaded 
aviation gasoline into general use in the United States. Such approvals 
shall be issued when the Administrator finds that the aircraft or engine 
performs properly and meets the applicable regulations and minimum 
standards under the normal certification process.
SEC. 566. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44103 note.>>  RIGHT TO PRIVACY WHEN 
                        USING AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEM.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Administrator shall, 
upon request of a private aircraft owner or operator, block the 
registration number of the aircraft of the owner or operator from any 
public dissemination or display, except in data made available to a 
Government agency, for the noncommercial flights of the owner or 
operator.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3386]]

SEC. 567. FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION WORKFORCE REVIEW.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct 
a review to assess the workforce and training needs of the FAA in the 
anticipated budgetary environment.
    (b) Contents.--In conducting the review, the Comptroller General 
shall--
            (1) identify the long-term workforce and training needs of 
        the FAA workforce;
            (2) assess the impact of automation, digitalization, and 
        artificial intelligence on the FAA workforce;
            (3) analyze the skills and qualifications required of the 
        FAA workforce for successful performance in the current and 
        future projected aviation environment;
            (4) review current performance incentive policies of the 
        FAA, including awards for performance;
            (5) analyze ways in which the FAA can work with industry and 
        labor, including labor groups representing the FAA workforce, to 
        establish knowledge-sharing opportunities between the FAA and 
        the aviation industry regarding new equipment and systems, best 
        practices, and other areas of interest; and
            (6) develop recommendations on the most effective 
        qualifications, training programs (including e-learning 
        training), and performance incentive approaches to address the 
        needs of the future projected aviation regulatory system in the 
        anticipated budgetary environment.

    (c) Report.--Not later than 270 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report on the results of the review.
SEC. 568. REVIEW OF APPROVAL PROCESS FOR USE OF LARGE AIR TANKERS 
                        AND VERY LARGE AIR TANKERS FOR WILDLAND 
                        FIREFIGHTING.

    (a) Review and Improvement of Current Approval Process.--The Chief 
of the Forest Service, in consultation with the Administrator, shall 
conduct a review of the process used by the Forest Service to approve 
the use of large air tankers and very large air tankers for wildland 
firefighting for the purpose of--
            (1) determining the current effectiveness, safety, and 
        consistency of the approval process;
            (2) developing recommendations for improving the 
        effectiveness, safety, and consistency of the approval process; 
        and
            (3) assisting in developing standardized next-generation 
        requirements for air tankers used for firefighting.

    (b) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Chief of the Forest Service shall submit to 
Congress a report describing the outcome of the review conducted under 
subsection (a).
SEC. 569. FAA TECHNICAL WORKFORCE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator shall--
            (1) identify and assess barriers to attracting, developing, 
        training, and retaining a talented workforce in the areas of

[[Page 132 STAT. 3387]]

        systems engineering, architecture, systems integration, digital 
        communications, and cybersecurity;
            (2) develop a comprehensive plan to attract, develop, train, 
        and retain talented individuals in those fields; and
            (3) identify existing authorities available to the 
        Administrator, through personnel reform, to attract, develop, 
        and retain this talent.

    (b) Report.--The Administrator shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report on the progress made toward implementing 
the requirements under subsection (a).
SEC. 570. STUDY ON AIRPORT CREDIT ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Review.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Transportation shall 
        conduct a review to determine whether a Federal credit 
        assistance program would be beneficial and feasible for airport-
        related projects as defined in section 40117(a) of title 49, 
        United States Code.
            (2) Considerations.--In carrying out the review under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary may consider--
                    (A) expanding eligibility under an existing Federal 
                credit assistance program to include such projects; and
                    (B) establishing a new credit assistance program for 
                such projects.

    (b) Report.--Not later than 270 days after the date of enactment of 
this section, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives, the 
Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate, and 
the Committee on the Environment and Public Works of the Senate a report 
on the results of the review carried out under subsection (a). The 
report shall include a description of--
            (1) the benefits and other effects;
            (2) potential projects;
            (3) the budgetary impacts, including an estimate of--
                    (A) the average annual loan volume;
                    (B) the average subsidy rate; and
                    (C) any loss of Federal revenue;
            (4) impacts on existing programs;
            (5) the administrative costs; and
            (6) any personnel changes.
SEC. 571. SPECTRUM AVAILABILITY.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The Spectrum Pipeline Act of 2015 (47 U.S.C. 921 note) 
        requires the Secretary of Commerce to identify 30 megahertz of 
        electromagnetic spectrum below the frequency of 3 gigahertz to 
        be reallocated to non-Federal use, to shared Federal and non-
        Federal use, or to a combination thereof.
            (2) The Spectrum Pipeline Act of 2015 (47 U.S.C. 921 note) 
        authorized the Director of the Office of Management and Budget 
        to use amounts made available through the Spectrum Relocation 
        Fund to make payments to Federal entities for research and 
        development, engineering studies, economic analyses, and other 
        activities intended to improve the efficiency and effectiveness 
        of Federal spectrum use in order to make such spectrum available 
        for reallocation for non-Federal use,

[[Page 132 STAT. 3388]]

        for shared Federal and non-Federal use, or for a combination 
        thereof.
            (3) The Federal Aviation Administration, in coordination 
        with the Department of Commerce, the Department of Defense, and 
        the Department of Homeland Security, established the Spectrum 
        Efficient National Surveillance Radar (referred to in this 
        section as ``SENSR'') Program to assess the feasibility of 
        consolidating certain long-range, short-range, and weather radar 
        systems in order to make available the 1300-1350 megahertz band.
            (4) The SENSR Program received approval and approximately 
        $71,500,000 from Office of Management and Budget on June 2, 
        2017, to proceed with Phase I of the SENSR Spectrum Pipeline 
        Plan, which will focus on requirements and concept development 
        as well as documenting expected costs and information for all 
        impacted Federal spectrum systems.

    (b)  Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the SENSR 
Program of the FAA should continue its assessment of the feasibility of 
making the 1300-1350 megahertz band of electromagnetic spectrum 
available for non-Federal use.
SEC. 572. SPECIAL REVIEW RELATING TO AIR SPACE CHANGES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Federal Aviation Management Advisory Council 
established under section 106(p) of title 49, United States Code (in 
this section referred to as the ``Council'') shall initiate a special 
review of the Federal Aviation Administration.
    (b) Review.--The special review of the Administration required under 
subsection (a) shall consist of the following:
            (1) A review of the practices and procedures of the Federal 
        Aviation Administration for developing proposals with respect to 
        changes in regulations, policies, or guidance of the Federal 
        Aviation Administration relating to airspace that affect airport 
        operations, airport capacity, the environment, or communities in 
        the vicinity of airports, including an assessment of the extent 
        to which there is consultation, or a lack of consultation, with 
        respect to such proposals--
                    (A) between and among the affected elements of the 
                Federal Aviation Administration, including the Air 
                Traffic Organization, the Office of Airports, the Flight 
                Standards Service, the Office of NextGen, and the Office 
                of Energy and Environment; and
                    (B) between the Federal Aviation Administration and 
                affected entities, including airports, aircraft 
                operators, communities, and State and local governments.
            (2) Recommendations for revisions to such practices and 
        procedures to improve communications and coordination between 
        and among affected elements of the Federal Aviation 
        Administration and with other affected entities with respect to 
        proposals described in paragraph (1) and the potential effects 
        of such proposals.

    (c) Consultation.--In conducting the special review, the Council 
shall consult with--
            (1) air carriers, including passenger and cargo air 
        carriers;
            (2) general aviation, including business aviation and fixed 
        wing aircraft and rotorcraft;
            (3) airports of various sizes and types;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3389]]

            (4) exclusive bargaining representatives of air traffic 
        controllers certified under section 7111 of title 5, United 
        States Code; and
            (5) State aviation officials.

    (d) Report Required.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report on the results of the special review 
conducted by the Council, including a description of the comments, 
recommendations, and dissenting views received from the Council and a 
description of how the Administrator plans to implement the 
recommendations of the Council.
SEC. 573. REIMBURSEMENT FOR IMMIGRATION INSPECTIONS.

    Section 286(i) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
1356(i)) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``, train,'' after ``commercial aircraft''; 
        and
            (2) by inserting ``, rail line,'' after ``airport''.
SEC. 574. FAA EMPLOYEES IN GUAM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Transportation shall use existing 
authorities to negotiate an agreement that shall be renegotiated after 
no sooner than 3 years with the Secretary of Defense--
            (1) to authorize Federal Aviation Administration employees 
        assigned to Guam, their spouses, and their dependent children 
        access to Department of Defense health care facilities located 
        in Guam on a space available basis; and
            (2) to provide for payments by the Federal Aviation 
        Administration to the Department of Defense for the 
        administrative and any other costs associated with--
                    (A) enrolling Federal Aviation Administration 
                employees assigned to Guam, their spouses, and their 
                dependent children in any Department of Defense health 
                care facility necessary to allow access pursuant to 
                paragraph (1); and
                    (B) third-party billing for any medical costs 
                incurred as a result of Federal Aviation Administration 
                employees, their spouses, or their dependent children 
                accessing and receiving medical treatment or services at 
                a Department of Defense health care facility located in 
                Guam.

    (b) Funds Subject to Appropriations.--Funds for payments by the 
Federal Aviation Administration described in subsection (a)(2) are 
subject to the availability of amounts specifically provided in advance 
for that purpose in appropriations Acts.
    (c) Report on Access to Facilities of the Department of Defense in 
Guam.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation and 
        the Secretary of Defense shall jointly submit a report to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives, the Committee on Commerce of the Senate, and 
        the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House 
        of Representatives on eligibility for and access to Department 
        of Defense support facilities by Federal Aviation Administration 
        employees in the U.S. territory of Guam.
            (2) Scope.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall:

[[Page 132 STAT. 3390]]

                    (A) Evaluate the ability of Department of Defense 
                support facilities in Guam to adequately serve current 
                military personnel and dependent populations.
                    (B) Determine how any substantial increases to 
                military personnel and dependent populations in Guam 
                would impact the ability of existing Department of 
                Defense support facilities to provide services for 
                military personnel and dependents stationed in Guam.
                    (C) Provide recommendations on any improvements to 
                existing Department of Defense facilities which may be 
                needed to ensure those facilities in Guam can support an 
                increased population of military personnel and dependent 
                population in Guam.
                    (D) Consider the impact of expanded access to 
                Department of Defense support facilities in Guam to 
                Federal Aviation Administration employees and their 
                families on the ability of those facilities to provide 
                services to military personnel and their families.
                    (E) Recognize the Federal Aviation Administration's 
                vital role as the sole provider of radar air traffic 
                control services for aircraft traversing into and out of 
                the airspace near and above Guam the vast majority of 
                which are military operations, Department of Defense 
                aircraft, or other aircraft traveling to Guam in order 
                to interact with Department of Defense facilities.
                    (F) Review the existing authorities authorizing 
                eligibility and access for non-military personnel and 
                their dependents to Department of Defense support 
                facilities, including health care facilities, 
                commissaries, and exchanges, outside the continental 
                United States.
                    (G) Determine the applicability of those existing 
                authorities to Department of Defense support facilities 
                in the U.S. territory of Guam.
                    (H) Outline the specific conditions on Guam, which 
                may necessitate access to Department of Defense support 
                facilities in Guam by Federal Aviation Administration 
                personnel and their families.
                    (I) Determine any changes in laws or regulations 
                that may be necessary to authorize Federal Aviation 
                Administration employees and their families access to 
                Department of Defense health care facilities, 
                commissaries, and exchanges in Guam.
SEC. 575. GAO STUDY ON AIRLINE COMPUTER NETWORK DISRUPTIONS.

    Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report containing a review of the following:
            (1) Direct and indirect effects on passengers, if any, 
        resulting from significant computer network disruptions of part 
        121 (of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations) air carriers 
        between January 1, 2014, and the date of enactment of this 
        section, including--
                    (A) systemwide delays;
                    (B) flight cancellations; and
                    (C) disrupted or broken itineraries.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3391]]

            (2) An estimate of any expenses incurred by passengers 
        during significant computer network disruptions, including--
                    (A) meals, lodging, and ancillary expenses per 
                persons;
                    (B) late hotel check-in or car rental fees;
                    (C) missed cruise-ship departures; and
                    (D) lost productivity.
            (3) Air carriers' contracts of carriage and interline 
        agreements to determine if and how air carriers accommodate 
        passengers affected by significant computer network disruptions 
        on other air carriers or foreign air carriers.
            (4) Whether passengers who have been displaced by 
        significant computer network disruptions are furnished with 
        alternative transportation aboard another air carrier or foreign 
        air carrier.
            (5) Costs incurred by airports, if any, to meet the 
        essential needs of passengers, including increased demands on 
        utilities, food concessionaires, restroom facilities, and 
        security staffing, during significant computer network 
        disruptions.
            (6) Other costs, if any, incurred by passengers, airports, 
        and other entities as a direct result of significant computer 
        network disruptions.
            (7) Processes, plans, and redundancies in place at air 
        carriers to respond to and recover from such network 
        disruptions.
SEC. 576. TOWER MARKING.

    Section 2110 of the FAA Extension, Safety, and Security Act of 2016 
(49 U.S.C. 44718 note) is amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 2110. TOWER MARKING.

    ``(a) Application.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided by paragraph (2), not 
        later than 18 months after the date of enactment of the FAA 
        Reauthorization Act of 2018 or the date of availability of the 
        database developed by the Administrator pursuant to subsection 
        (c), whichever is later, all covered towers shall be either--
                    ``(A) clearly marked consistent with applicable 
                guidance in the advisory circular of the FAA issued 
                December 4, 2015 (AC 70/7460-IL); or
                    ``(B) included in the database described in 
                subsection (c).
            ``(2) Meteorological evaluation tower.--A covered tower that 
        is a meteorological evaluation tower shall be subject to the 
        requirements of subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (1).

    ``(b) Definitions.--
            ``(1) In general.--In this section, the following 
        definitions apply:
                    ``(A) Covered tower.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The term `covered tower' 
                      means a structure that--
                                    ``(I) is a meteorological evaluation 
                                tower, a self-standing tower, or tower 
                                supported by guy wires and ground 
                                anchors;
                                    ``(II) is 10 feet or less in 
                                diameter at the above-ground base, 
                                excluding concrete footing;
                                    ``(III) at the highest point of the 
                                structure is at least 50 feet above 
                                ground level;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3392]]

                                    ``(IV) at the highest point of the 
                                structure is not more than 200 feet 
                                above ground level;
                                    ``(V) has accessory facilities on 
                                which an antenna, sensor, camera, 
                                meteorological instrument, or other 
                                equipment is mounted; and
                                    ``(VI) is located on land that is--
                                            ``(aa) in a rural area; and
                                            ``(bb) used for agricultural 
                                        purposes or immediately adjacent 
                                        to such land.
                          ``(ii) Exclusions.--The term `covered tower' 
                      does not include any structure that--
                                    ``(I) is adjacent to a house, barn, 
                                electric utility station, or other 
                                building;
                                    ``(II) is within the curtilage of a 
                                farmstead or adjacent to another 
                                building or visible structure;
                                    ``(III) supports electric utility 
                                transmission or distribution lines;
                                    ``(IV) is a wind-powered electrical 
                                generator with a rotor blade radius that 
                                exceeds 6 feet;
                                    ``(V) is a street light erected or 
                                maintained by a Federal, State, local, 
                                or tribal entity;
                                    ``(VI) is designed and constructed 
                                to resemble a tree or visible structure 
                                other than a tower;
                                    ``(VII) is an advertising billboard;
                                    ``(VIII) is located within the 
                                right-of-way of a rail carrier, 
                                including within the boundaries of a 
                                rail yard, and is used for a railroad 
                                purpose;
                                    ``(IX)(aa) is registered with the 
                                Federal Communications Commission under 
                                the Antenna Structure Registration 
                                program set forth under part 17 of title 
                                47, Code of Federal Regulations; and
                                    ``(bb) is determined by the 
                                Administrator to pose no hazard to air 
                                navigation; or
                                    ``(X) has already mitigated any 
                                hazard to aviation safety in accordance 
                                with Federal Aviation Administration 
                                guidance or as otherwise approved by the 
                                Administrator.
                    ``(B) Rural area.--The term `rural area' has the 
                meaning given the term in section 609(a)(5) of the 
                Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 
                918c(a)(5)).
                    ``(C) Agricultural purposes.--The term `agricultural 
                purposes' means farming in all its branches and the 
                cultivation and tillage of the soil, the production, 
                cultivation, growing, and harvesting of any agricultural 
                or horticultural commodities performed by a farmer or on 
                a farm, or on pasture land or rangeland.
            ``(2) Other definitions.--The Administrator shall define 
        such other terms as may be necessary to carry out this section.

    ``(c) Database.--The Administrator shall--
            ``(1) develop a new database, or if appropriate use an 
        existing database that meets the requirements under this 
        section, that contains the location and height of each covered 
        tower that, pursuant to subsection (a), the owner or operator of 
        such tower elects not to mark (unless the Administrator has 
        determined that there is a significant safety risk requiring

[[Page 132 STAT. 3393]]

        that the tower be marked), except that meteorological evaluation 
        towers shall be marked and contained in the database;
            ``(2) keep the database current to the extent practicable;
            ``(3) ensure that any proprietary information in the 
        database is protected from disclosure in accordance with law;
            ``(4) ensure that, by virtue of accessing the database, 
        users agree and acknowledge that information in the database--
                    ``(A) may only be used for aviation safety purposes; 
                and
                    ``(B) may not be disclosed for purposes other than 
                aviation safety, regardless of whether or not the 
                information is marked or labeled as proprietary or with 
                a similar designation;
            ``(5) ensure that the tower information in the database is 
        de-identified and that the information only includes the 
        location and height of covered towers and whether the tower has 
        guy wires;
            ``(6) ensure that information in the dataset is encrypted at 
        rest and in transit and is protected from unauthorized access 
        and acquisition;
            ``(7) ensure that towers excluded from the definition of 
        covered tower under subsection (d)(1)(B)(ii)(VIII) must be 
        registered by its owner in the database;
            ``(8) ensure that a tower to be included in the database 
        pursuant to subsection (c)(1) and constructed after the date on 
        which the database is fully operational is submitted by its 
        owner to the FAA for inclusion in the database before its 
        construction;
            ``(9) ensure that pilots who intend to conduct low-altitude 
        operations in locations described in subsection (b)(1)(A)(i)(VI) 
        consult the relevant parts of the database before conducting 
        such operations; and
            ``(10) make the database available for use not later than 1 
        year after the date of enactment of the FAA Reauthorization Act 
        of 2018.

    ``(d) Exclusion and Waiver Authorities.--As part of a rulemaking 
conducted pursuant to this section, the Administrator--
            ``(1) may exclude a class, category, or type of tower that 
        is determined by the Administrator, after public notice and 
        comment, to not pose a hazard to aviation safety;
            ``(2) shall establish a process to waive specific covered 
        towers from the marking requirements under this section as 
        required under the rulemaking if the Administrator later 
        determines such tower or towers do not pose a hazard to aviation 
        safety;
            ``(3) shall consider, in establishing exclusions and 
        granting waivers under this subsection, factors that may 
        sufficiently mitigate risks to aviation safety, such as the 
        length of time the tower has been in existence or alternative 
        marking methods or technologies that maintains a tower's level 
        of conspicuousness to a degree which adequately maintains the 
        safety of the airspace; and
            ``(4) shall consider excluding towers located in a State 
        that has enacted tower marking requirements according to the 
        Federal Aviation Administration's recommended guidance for the 
        voluntary marking of meteorological evaluation towers erected in 
        remote and rural areas that are less than 200 feet above

[[Page 132 STAT. 3394]]

        ground level to enhance the conspicuity of the towers for low 
        level agricultural operations in the vicinity of those towers.

    ``(e) Periodic Review.--The Administrator shall, in consultation 
with the Federal Communications Commission, periodically review any 
regulations or guidance regarding the marking of covered towers issued 
pursuant to this section and update them as necessary, consistent with 
this section, and in the interest of safety of low-altitude aircraft 
operations.
    ``(f) FCC Regulations.--The Federal Communications Commission shall 
amend section 17.7 of title 47, Code of Federal Regulations, to require 
a notification to the Federal Aviation Administration for any 
construction or alteration of an antenna structure, as defined in 
section 17.2(a) of title 47, Code of Federal Regulations, that is a 
covered tower as defined by this section.''.
SEC. 577. <<NOTE: 49 USC 42301 note prec.>>  MINIMUM DIMENSIONS 
                        FOR PASSENGER SEATS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, and after providing notice and an opportunity for comment, 
the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall issue 
regulations that establish minimum dimensions for passenger seats on 
aircraft operated by air carriers in interstate air transportation or 
intrastate air transportation, including minimums for seat pitch, width, 
and length, and that are necessary for the safety of passengers.
    (b) Definitions.--The definitions contained in section 40102(a) of 
title 49, United States Code, apply to this section.
SEC. 578. JUDICIAL REVIEW FOR PROPOSED ALTERNATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL 
                        REVIEW AND APPROVAL PROCEDURES.

    Section 330 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``5 States'' and 
        inserting ``2 States''; and
            (2) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``2 years'' and 
                inserting ``150 days as set forth in section 139(l)''; 
                and
                    (B) in paragraph (3)(B)(i), by striking ``2 years'' 
                and inserting ``150 days as set forth in section 
                139(l)''.
SEC. 579. REGULATORY STREAMLINING.

    Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall issue a final 
regulation revising section 121.333(c)(3) of title 14, Code of Federal 
Regulations, to apply only to flight altitudes above flight level 410.
SEC. 580. SPACEPORTS.

    (a) Sense of Congress on State Spaceport Contributions.--It is the 
Sense of Congress that--
            (1) State and local government-owned or -operated spaceports 
        have contributed hundreds of millions of dollars in 
        infrastructure improvements to the national space launch 
        infrastructure, providing the United States Government and 
        commercial customers with world-class space launch and 
        processing infrastructure that is necessary to support continued 
        American leadership in space;
            (2) State and local government-owned or -operated spaceports 
        play a critical role in providing resiliency and redundancy

[[Page 132 STAT. 3395]]

        in the national launch infrastructure to support national 
        security and civil government capabilities, and should be 
        recognized as a critical infrastructure in Federal strategy and 
        planning;
            (3) continued State and local government investments at 
        launch and reentry facilities should be encouraged and to the 
        maximum extent practicable supported in Federal policies, 
        planning and infrastructure investment considerations, including 
        through Federal, State, and local partnerships;
            (4) Federal investments in space infrastructure should 
        enable partnerships between Federal agencies and state and local 
        spaceports to modernize and enable expanded 21st century space 
        transportation infrastructure, especially multi-modal networks 
        needed for robust space transportation that support national 
        security, civil, and commercial launch customers; and
            (5) States and local governments that have made investments 
        to build, maintain, operate, and improve capabilities for 
        national security, civil, and commercial customers should be 
        commended for their infrastructure contributions to launch and 
        reentry sites, and encouraged through a variety of programs and 
        policies to continue these investments in the national interest.

    (b) Establishment of Office of Spaceports.--
            (1) Establishment of office of spaceports.--Title 51, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end of subtitle V the 
        following:

``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 51 USC 51501 prec.>>  515--OFFICE OF SPACEPORTS
``Sec. 51501. <<NOTE: 51 USC 51501.>>  Establishment of Office of 
                    Spaceports

    ``(a) Establishment of Office.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date of enactment of this section, the Secretary of Transportation shall 
identify, within the Office of Commercial Space Transportation, a 
centralized policy office to be known as the Office of Spaceports.
    ``(b) Functions.--The Office of Spaceports shall--
            ``(1) support licensing activities for operation of launch 
        and reentry sites;
            ``(2) develop policies that promote infrastructure 
        improvements at spaceports;
            ``(3) provide technical assistance and guidance to 
        spaceports;
            ``(4) promote United States spaceports within the 
        Department; and
            ``(5) strengthen the Nation's competitiveness in commercial 
        space transportation infrastructure and increase resilience for 
        the Federal Government and commercial customers.

    ``(c) Recognition.--In carrying out the functions assigned in 
subsection (b), the Secretary shall recognize the unique needs and 
distinctions of spaceports that host--
            ``(1) launches to or reentries from orbit; and
            ``(2) are involved in suborbital launch activities.

    ``(d) Director.--The head of the Office of the Associate 
Administrator for Commercial Space Transportation shall designate a 
Director of the Office of Spaceports.
    ``(e) Definition.--In this section the term `spaceport' means a 
launch or reentry site that is operated by an entity licensed by the 
Secretary of Transportation.''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3396]]

            (2) Technical and conforming amendment.--The table of 
        chapters of title 51, United States Code, <<NOTE: 51 USC 10101 
        prec.>>  is amended by adding at the end of subtitle V the 
        following:

``515. Office of Spaceports.....................................51501''.

    (c) Report on National Spaceports Policy.--
            (1) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
                    (A) A robust network of space transportation 
                infrastructure, including spaceports, is vital to the 
                growth of the domestic space industry and America's 
                competitiveness and access to space.
                    (B) Non-Federal spaceports have significantly 
                increased the space transportation infrastructure of the 
                United States through significant investments by State 
                and local governments, which have encouraged greater 
                private investment.
                    (C) These spaceports have led to the development of 
                a growing number of orbital and suborbital launch and 
                reentry sites that are available to the national 
                security, civil, and commercial space customers at 
                minimal cost to the Federal Government.
                    (D) The Federal Government, led by the Secretary of 
                Transportation, should seek to promote the growth, 
                resilience, and capabilities of this space 
                transportation infrastructure through policies and 
                through partnerships with State and local governments.
            (2) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall 
        submit to Congress a report that--
                    (A) evaluates the Federal Government's national 
                security and civil space transportation demands and the 
                needs of the United States and international commercial 
                markets;
                    (B) proposes policies and programs designed to 
                ensure a robust and resilient orbital and suborbital 
                spaceport infrastructure to serve and capitalize on 
                these space transportation opportunities;
                    (C) reviews the development and investments made by 
                international competitors in foreign spaceports, to the 
                extent practicable;
                    (D) makes recommendations on how the Federal 
                Government can support, encourage, promote, and 
                facilitate greater investments in infrastructure at 
                spaceports; and
                    (E) considers and makes recommendations about how 
                spaceports can fully support and enable the national 
                space policy.
            (3) Updates to the report.--Not later than 3 years after the 
        date of enactment of this Act and every 2 years until December 
        2024, the Secretary shall--
                    (A) update the previous report prepared under this 
                subsection; and
                    (B) submit the updated report to Congress.
            (4) Consultations required.--In preparing the reports 
        required by this subsection, the Secretary shall consult with 
        individuals including--
                    (A) the Secretary of Defense;
                    (B) the Secretary of Commerce;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3397]]

                    (C) the Administrator of the National Aeronautics 
                and Space Administration; and
                    (D) interested persons at spaceports, State and 
                local governments, and industry.

    (d) Report on Space Transportation Infrastructure Matching Grants.--
            (1) GAO study and report.--The Comptroller General of the 
        United States shall conduct a study regarding spaceport 
        activities carried out pursuant to chapters 509 and 511 of title 
        51, United States Code, including--
                    (A) an assessment of potential mechanisms to provide 
                Federal support to spaceports, including the airport 
                improvement program established under subchapter I of 
                chapter 471 of title 49, United States Code, and the 
                program established under chapter 511 of title 51, 
                United States Code;
                    (B) recommendations for potential funding options; 
                and
                    (C) any necessary changes to improve the spaceport 
                application review process.
            (2) Consultation.--In carrying out the study described in 
        paragraph (1), the Comptroller General shall consult with 
        sources from each component of the commercial space 
        transportation sector, including interested persons in industry 
        and government officials at the Federal, State, and local 
        levels.
            (3) User-funded spaceports.--In reviewing funding options, 
        the Comptroller General shall distinguish between spaceports 
        that are funded by users and those that are not.
            (4) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to 
        Congress a report containing results of the study conducted 
        under paragraph (1).

    (e) Definition.--In this section, the term ``spaceport'' means a 
launch or reentry site that is operated by an entity licensed by the 
Secretary of Transportation.
SEC. 581. SPECIAL RULE FOR CERTAIN AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS (SPACE 
                        SUPPORT VEHICLES).

    (a) Space Support Vehicle Definitions.--Section 50902 of title 51, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (21) through (25) as 
        paragraphs (23) through (27), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (20) the following:
            ``(21) `space support vehicle flight' means a flight in the 
        air that--
                    ``(A) is not a launch or reentry; but
                    ``(B) is conducted by a space support vehicle.
            ``(22) `space support vehicle' means a vehicle that is--
                    ``(A) a launch vehicle;
                    ``(B) a reentry vehicle; or
                    ``(C) a component of a launch or reentry vehicle.''.

    (b) Special Rule for Certain Aircraft Operations.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 447, of title 49, United States 
        Code, as amended by this Act, is further amended by adding at 
        the end the following:

[[Page 132 STAT. 3398]]

``Sec. 44737. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44737.>>  Special rule for certain 
                    aircraft operations.

    ``(a) In General.--The operator of an aircraft with a special 
airworthiness certification in the experimental category may--
            ``(1) operate the aircraft for the purpose of conducting a 
        space support vehicle flight (as that term is defined in chapter 
        50902 of title 51); and
            ``(2) conduct such flight under such certificate carrying 
        persons or property for compensation or hire--
                    ``(A) notwithstanding any rule or term of a 
                certificate issued by the Administrator of the Federal 
                Aviation Administration that would prohibit flight for 
                compensation or hire; or
                    ``(B) without obtaining a certificate issued by the 
                Administrator to conduct air carrier or commercial 
                operations.

    ``(b) Limited Applicability.--Subsection (a) shall apply only to a 
space support vehicle flight that satisfies each of the following:
            ``(1) (1) The aircraft conducting the space support vehicle 
        flight--
                    ``(A) takes flight and lands at a single site that 
                is operated by an entity licensed for operation under 
                chapter 509 of title 51;
                    ``(B) is owned or operated by a launch or reentry 
                vehicle operator licensed under chapter 509 of title 51, 
                or on behalf of a launch or reentry vehicle operator 
                licensed under chapter 509 of title 51;
                    ``(C) is a launch vehicle, a reentry vehicle, or a 
                component of a launch or reentry vehicle licensed for 
                operations pursuant to chapter 509 of title 51; and
                    ``(D) is used only to simulate space flight 
                conditions in support of--
                          ``(i) training for potential space flight 
                      participants, government astronauts, or crew (as 
                      those terms are defined in chapter 509 of title 
                      51);
                          ``(ii) the testing of hardware to be used in 
                      space flight; or
                          ``(iii) research and development tasks, which 
                      require the unique capabilities of the aircraft 
                      conducting the flight.

    ``(c) Rules of Construction.--
            ``(1) Space support vehicles.--Section 44711(a)(1) shall not 
        apply to a person conducting a space support vehicle flight 
        under this section only to the extent that a term of the 
        experimental certificate under which the person is operating the 
        space support vehicle prohibits the carriage of persons or 
        property for compensation or hire.
            ``(2) Authority of administrator.--Nothing in this section 
        shall be construed to limit the authority of the Administrator 
        of the Federal Aviation Administration to exempt a person from a 
        regulatory prohibition on the carriage of persons or property 
        for compensation or hire subject to terms and conditions other 
        than those described in this section''.
            (2) Technical amendment.--The table of contents of 447 of 
        title 49, United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 prec.>>  as 
        amended by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the 
        following:

``Sec. 44737. Special rule for certain aircraft operations.''.


[[Page 132 STAT. 3399]]


            (3) <<NOTE: 49 USC 44737 note.>>  Rule of construction 
        relating to role of nasa.--Nothing in this subsection shall be 
        construed as limiting the ability of National Aeronautics and 
        Space Administration (NASA) to place conditions on or otherwise 
        qualify the operations of NASA contractors providing NASA 
        services.
SEC. 582. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44703 note.>>  PORTABILITY OF REPAIRMAN 
                        CERTIFICATES.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator shall assign to the Aviation 
Rulemaking Advisory Committee the task of making recommendations with 
respect to the regulatory and policy changes, as appropriate, to allow a 
repairman certificate issued under section 65.101 of title 14, Code of 
Federal Regulations, to be portable from one employing certificate 
holder to another.
    (b) Action Based on Recommendations.--Not later than 1 year after 
receiving recommendations under subsection (a), the Administrator may 
take such action as the Administrator considers appropriate with respect 
to those recommendations.
SEC. 583. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44701 note.>>  UNDECLARED HAZARDOUS 
                        MATERIALS PUBLIC AWARENESS CAMPAIGN.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Transportation shall carry out a 
public awareness campaign to reduce the amount of undeclared hazardous 
materials traveling through air commerce.
    (b) Campaign Requirements.--The public awareness campaign required 
under subsection (a) shall do the following:
            (1) Focus on targeting segments of the hazardous materials 
        industry with high rates of undeclared shipments through air 
        commerce and educate air carriers, shippers, manufacturers, and 
        other relevant stakeholders of such segments on properly 
        packaging and classifying such shipments.
            (2) Educate the public on proper ways to declare and ship 
        hazardous materials, examples of everyday items that are 
        considered hazardous materials, and penalties associated with 
        intentional shipments of undeclared hazardous materials.

    (c) Interagency Working Group.--
            (1) Establishment.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall 
        establish an interagency working group to promote collaboration 
        and engagement between the Department of Transportation and 
        other relevant agencies, and develop recommendations and 
        guidance on how best to conduct the public awareness campaign 
        required under subsection (a).
            (2) Duties.--The interagency working group shall consult 
        with relevant stakeholders, including cargo air carriers, 
        passenger air carriers, and labor organizations representing 
        pilots for cargo and passenger air carriers operating under part 
        121 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations.

    (d) Update.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall provide to the 
appropriate committees of Congress an update on the status of the public 
awareness campaign required under subsection (a).
SEC. 584. LIABILITY PROTECTION FOR VOLUNTEER PILOTS WHO FLY FOR 
                        THE PUBLIC BENEFIT.

    Section 4 of the Volunteer Protection Act of 1997 (42 U.S.C. 14503) 
is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (b) through (f) as 
        subsections (c) through (g), respectively;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3400]]

            (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``subsections (b) and 
        (d)'' and inserting ``subsections (b), (c), and (e)''; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following:

    ``(b) Liability Protection for Pilots That Fly for Public Benefit.--
Except as provided in subsections (c) and (e), no volunteer of a 
volunteer pilot nonprofit organization that arranges flights for public 
benefit shall be liable for harm caused by an act or omission of the 
volunteer on behalf of the organization if, at the time of the act or 
omission, the volunteer--
            ``(1) was operating an aircraft in furtherance of the 
        purpose of, and acting within the scope of the volunteer's 
        responsibilities on behalf of, the nonprofit organization to 
        provide patient and medical transport (including medical 
        transport for veterans), disaster relief, humanitarian 
        assistance, or other similar charitable missions;
            ``(2) was properly licensed and insured for the operation of 
        the aircraft;
            ``(3) was in compliance with all requirements of the Federal 
        Aviation Administration for recent flight experience; and
            ``(4) did not cause the harm through willful or criminal 
        misconduct, gross negligence, reckless misconduct, or a 
        conscious, flagrant indifference to the rights or safety of the 
        individual harmed by the volunteer.''; and
            (4) in subsection (g)(2), as redesignated, by striking 
        ``(e)'' and inserting ``(f)''.

                      TITLE VI--AVIATION WORKFORCE

                      Subtitle A--Youth in Aviation

SEC. 601. STUDENT OUTREACH REPORT.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall submit to the 
appropriate committees of Congress a report that describes the 
Administration's existing outreach efforts, such as the STEM Aviation 
and Space Education Outreach Program, to elementary and secondary 
students who are interested in careers in science, technology, 
engineering, art, and mathematics--
            (1) to prepare and inspire such students for aviation and 
        aeronautical careers; and
            (2) to mitigate an anticipated shortage of pilots and other 
        aviation professionals.
SEC. 602. YOUTH ACCESS TO AMERICAN JOBS IN AVIATION TASK FORCE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration 
shall establish a Youth Access to American Jobs in Aviation Task Force 
(in this section referred to as the ``Task Force'').
    (b) Duties.--Not later than 12 months after its establishment under 
subsection (a), the Task Force shall develop and submit to the 
Administrator recommendations and strategies for the Administration to--
            (1) facilitate and encourage high school students in the 
        United States, beginning in their junior year, to enroll in and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3401]]

        complete career and technical education courses, including STEM, 
        that would prepare them to enroll in a course of study related 
        to an aviation career at an institution of higher education, 
        including a community college or trade school;
            (2) facilitate and encourage the students described in 
        paragraph (1) to enroll in a course of study related to an 
        aviation career, including aviation manufacturing, engineering 
        and maintenance, at an institution of higher education, 
        including a community college or trade school; and
            (3) identify and develop pathways for students who complete 
        a course of study described in paragraph (2) to secure 
        registered apprenticeships, workforce development programs, or 
        careers in the aviation industry of the United States.

    (c) Considerations.--When developing recommendations and strategies 
under subsection (b), the Task Force shall--
            (1) identify industry trends that encourage or discourage 
        youth in the United States from pursuing careers in aviation;
            (2) consider how the Administration; air carriers; aircraft, 
        powerplant, and avionics manufacturers; aircraft repair 
        stations; and other aviation stakeholders can coordinate efforts 
        to support youth in pursuing careers in aviation;
            (3) identify methods of enhancing aviation apprenticeships, 
        job skills training, mentorship, education, and outreach 
        programs that are exclusive to youth in the United States; and
            (4) identify potential sources of government and private 
        sector funding, including grants and scholarships, that may be 
        used to carry out the recommendations and strategies described 
        in subsection (b) and to support youth in pursuing careers in 
        aviation.

    (d) Report.--Not later than 30 days after submission of the 
recommendations and strategies under subsection (b), the Task Force 
shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report 
outlining such recommendations and strategies.
    (e) Composition of Task Force.--The Administrator shall appoint 
members of the Task Force, including representatives from the following:
            (1) Air carriers.
            (2) Aircraft, powerplant, and avionics manufacturers.
            (3) Aircraft repair stations.
            (4) Local educational agencies or high schools.
            (5) Institutions of higher education, including community 
        colleges and aviation trade schools.
            (6) Such other aviation and educational stakeholders and 
        experts as the Administrator considers appropriate.

    (f) Period of Appointment.--Members shall be appointed to the Task 
Force for the duration of the existence of the Task Force.
    (g) Compensation.--Task Force members shall serve without 
compensation.
    (h) Sunset.--The Task Force shall terminate upon the submittal of 
the report pursuant to subsection (d).
    (i) Definition of STEM.--The term ``STEM'' means--
            (1) science, technology, engineering, and mathematics; and
            (2) other career and technical education subjects that build 
        on the subjects described in paragraph (1).

[[Page 132 STAT. 3402]]

                      Subtitle B--Women in Aviation

SEC. 611. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING WOMEN IN AVIATION.

    It is the sense of Congress that the aviation industry should 
explore all opportunities, including pilot training, science, 
technology, engineering, and mathematics education, and mentorship 
programs, to encourage and support female students and aviators to 
pursue a career in aviation.
SEC. 612. SUPPORTING WOMEN'S INVOLVEMENT IN THE AVIATION FIELD.

    (a) Advisory Board.--To encourage women and girls to enter the field 
of aviation, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration 
shall create and facilitate the Women in Aviation Advisory Board 
(referred to in this section as the ``Board''), with the objective of 
promoting organizations and programs that are providing education, 
training, mentorship, outreach, and recruitment of women into the 
aviation industry.
    (b) Composition.--The Board shall consist of members whose diverse 
background and expertise allow them to contribute balanced points of 
view and ideas regarding the strategies and objectives set forth in 
subsection (f).
    (c) Selection.--Not later than 9 months after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator shall appoint members of the Board, 
including representatives from the following:
            (1) Major airlines and aerospace companies.
            (2) Nonprofit organizations within the aviation industry.
            (3) Aviation business associations.
            (4) Engineering business associations.
            (5) United States Air Force Auxiliary, Civil Air Patrol.
            (6) Institutions of higher education and aviation trade 
        schools.

    (d) Period of Appointment.--Members shall be appointed to the Board 
for the duration of the existence of the Board.
    (e) Compensation.--Board members shall serve without compensation.
    (f) Duties.--Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Board shall present a comprehensive plan for strategies 
the Administration can take, which include the following objectives:
            (1) Identifying industry trends that directly or indirectly 
        encourage or discourage women from pursuing careers in aviation.
            (2) Coordinating the efforts of airline companies, nonprofit 
        organizations, and aviation and engineering associations to 
        facilitate support for women pursuing careers in aviation.
            (3) Creating opportunities to expand existing scholarship 
        opportunities for women in the aviation industry.
            (4) Enhancing aviation training, mentorship, education, and 
        outreach programs that are exclusive to women.

    (g) Reports.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Board shall submit a report outlining 
        the comprehensive plan for strategies pursuant to subsection (f) 
        to the Administrator and the appropriate committees of Congress.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3403]]

            (2) Availability online.--The Administrator shall make the 
        report publicly available online and in print.

    (h) Sunset.--The Board shall terminate upon the submittal of the 
report pursuant to subsection (g).

                Subtitle C--Future of Aviation Workforce

SEC. 621. AVIATION AND AEROSPACE WORKFORCE OF THE FUTURE.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
            (1) in 2016, United States air carriers carried a record 
        high number of passengers on domestic flights, 719 million 
        passengers;
            (2) the United States aerospace and defense industry 
        employed 1.7 million workers in 2015, or roughly 2 percent of 
        the Nation's total employment base;
            (3) the average salary of an employee in the aerospace and 
        defense industry is 44 percent above the national average;
            (4) in 2015, the aerospace and defense industry contributed 
        nearly $202.4 billion in value added to the United States 
        economy;
            (5) an effective aviation industry relies on individuals 
        with unique skill sets, many of which can be directly obtained 
        through career and technical education opportunities; and
            (6) industry and the Federal Government have taken some 
        actions to attract qualified individuals to careers in aviation 
        and aerospace and to retain qualified individuals in such 
        careers.

    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) public and private education institutions should make 
        available to students and parents information on approved 
        programs of study and career pathways, including career 
        exploration, work-based learning opportunities, dual and 
        concurrent enrollment opportunities, and guidance and advisement 
        resources;
            (2) public and private education institutions should partner 
        with aviation and aerospace companies to promote career paths 
        available within the industry and share information on the 
        unique benefits and opportunities the career paths offer;
            (3) aviation companies, including air carriers, 
        manufacturers, commercial space companies, unmanned aircraft 
        system companies, and repair stations, should create 
        opportunities, through apprenticeships or other mechanisms, to 
        attract young people to aviation and aerospace careers and to 
        enable individuals to gain the critical skills needed to thrive 
        in such professions; and
            (4) the Federal Government should consider the needs of men 
        and women interested in pursuing careers in the aviation and 
        aerospace industry, the long-term personnel needs of the 
        aviation and aerospace industry, and the role of aviation in the 
        United States economy in the creation and administration of 
        educational and financial aid programs.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3404]]

SEC. 622. AVIATION AND AEROSPACE WORKFORCE OF THE FUTURE STUDY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall initiate 
a study--
            (1) to evaluate the current and future supply of individuals 
        in the aviation and aerospace workforce;
            (2) to identify the factors influencing the supply of 
        individuals pursuing a career in the aviation or aerospace 
        industry, including barriers to entry into the workforce; and
            (3) to identify methods to increase the future supply of 
        individuals in the aviation and aerospace workforce, including 
        best practices or programs to incentivize, recruit, and retain 
        young people in aviation and aerospace professions.

    (b) Consultation.--The Comptroller General shall conduct the study 
in consultation with--
            (1) appropriate Federal agencies; and
            (2) the aviation and aerospace industry, institutions of 
        higher education, and labor stakeholders.

    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the 
appropriate committees of Congress a report on the results of the study 
and related recommendations.
SEC. 623. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON HIRING VETERANS.

    It is the sense of Congress that the aviation industry, including 
certificate holders under parts 121, 135, and 145 of title 14, Code of 
Federal Regulations, should hire more of the Nation's veterans.
SEC. 624. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44515 note.>>  AVIATION MAINTENANCE 
                        INDUSTRY TECHNICAL WORKFORCE.

    (a) Regulations.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
Administration shall issue a final rule to modernize training programs 
at aviation maintenance technician schools governed by part 147 of title 
14, Code of Federal Regulations.
    (b) Guidance.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator shall coordinate with government, 
educational institutions, labor organizations representing aviation 
maintenance workers, and businesses to develop and publish guidance or 
model curricula for aviation maintenance technician schools referred to 
in subsection (a) to ensure workforce readiness for industry needs, 
including curricula related to training in avionics, troubleshooting, 
and other areas of industry needs.
    (c) Review and Periodic Updates.--The Administrator shall--
            (1) ensure training programs referred to in subsection (a) 
        are revised and updated in correlation with aviation maintenance 
        technician airman certification standards as necessary to 
        reflect current technology and maintenance practices; and
            (2) publish updates to the guidance or model curricula 
        required under subsection (b) at least once every 2 years, as 
        necessary, from the date of initial publication.

    (d) Report to Congress.--If the Administrator does not issue such 
final rule by the deadline specified in subsection (a), the 
Administrator shall, not later than 30 days after such deadline, submit 
to the appropriate committees of Congress a report containing--

[[Page 132 STAT. 3405]]

            (1) an explanation as to why such final rule was not issued 
        by such deadline; and
            (2) a schedule for issuing such final rule.

    (e) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a study on technical workers in the aviation maintenance 
industry.
    (f) Contents.--In conducting the study under subsection (e), the 
Comptroller General shall--
            (1) analyze the current Standard Occupational Classification 
        system with regard to the aviation profession, particularly 
        technical workers in the aviation maintenance industry;
            (2) analyze how changes to the Federal employment 
        classification of aviation maintenance industry workers might 
        affect government data on unemployment rates and wages;
            (3) analyze how changes to the Federal employment 
        classification of aviation maintenance industry workers might 
        affect projections for future aviation maintenance industry 
        workforce needs and project technical worker shortfalls;
            (4) analyze the impact of Federal regulation, including 
        Federal Aviation Administration oversight of certification, 
        testing, and education programs, on employment of technical 
        workers in the aviation maintenance industry;
            (5) develop recommendations on how Federal Aviation 
        Administration regulations and policies could be improved to 
        modernize training programs at aviation maintenance technical 
        schools and address aviation maintenance industry needs for 
        technical workers;
            (6) develop recommendations for better coordinating actions 
        by government, educational institutions, and businesses to 
        support workforce growth in the aviation maintenance industry; 
        and
            (7) develop recommendations for addressing the needs for 
        government funding, private investment, equipment for training 
        purposes, and other resources necessary to strengthen existing 
        training programs or develop new training programs to support 
        workforce growth in the aviation industry.

    (g) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report on the results of the study.
    (h) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
            (1) Aviation maintenance industry.--The term ``aviation 
        maintenance industry'' means repair stations certificated under 
        part 145 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations.
            (2) Technical worker.--The term ``technical worker'' means 
        an individual authorized under part 43 of title 14, Code of 
        Federal Regulations, to maintain, rebuild, alter, or perform 
        preventive maintenance on an aircraft, airframe, aircraft 
        engine, propeller, appliance, or component part or employed by 
        an entity so authorized to perform such a function.
SEC. 625. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  AVIATION WORKFORCE 
                        DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Transportation shall establish--
            (1) a program to provide grants for eligible projects to 
        support the education of future aircraft pilots and the 
        development of the aircraft pilot workforce; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3406]]

            (2) a program to provide grants for eligible projects to 
        support the education and recruitment of aviation maintenance 
        technical workers and the development of the aviation 
        maintenance workforce.

    (b) Project Grants.--
            (1) In general.--Out of amounts made available under section 
        48105 of title 49, United States Code, not more than $5,000,000 
        for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023 is authorized to be 
        expended to provide grants under the program established under 
        subsection (a)(1), and $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 
        through 2023 is authorized to provide grants under the program 
        established under subsection (a)(2).
            (2) Dollar amount limit.--Not more than $500,000 shall be 
        available for any 1 grant in any 1 fiscal year under the 
        programs established under subsection (a).

    (c) Eligible Applications.--
            (1) An application for a grant under the program established 
        under subsection (a)(1) shall be submitted, in such form as the 
        Secretary may specify, by--
                    (A) an air carrier, as defined in section 40102 of 
                title 49, United States Code, or a labor organization 
                representing aircraft pilots;
                    (B) an accredited institution of higher education 
                (as defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act 
                of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)) or a high school or secondary 
                school (as defined in section 7801 of the Higher 
                Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801));
                    (C) a flight school that provides flight training, 
                as defined in part 61 of title 14, Code of Federal 
                Regulations, or that holds a pilot school certificate 
                under part 141 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations; 
                or
                    (D) a State or local governmental entity.
            (2) An application for a grant under the pilot program 
        established under subsection (a)(2) shall be submitted, in such 
        form as the Secretary may specify, by--
                    (A) a holder of a certificate issued under part 21, 
                121, 135, or 145 of title 14, Code of Federal 
                Regulations or a labor organization representing 
                aviation maintenance workers;
                    (B) an accredited institution of higher education 
                (as defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act 
                of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)) or a high school or secondary 
                school (as defined in section 7801 of the Elementary and 
                Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801); and
                    (C) a State or local governmental entity.

    (d) Eligible Projects.--
            (1) For purposes of the program established under subsection 
        (a)(1), an eligible project is a project--
                    (A) to create and deliver curriculum designed to 
                provide high school students with meaningful aviation 
                education that is designed to prepare the students to 
                become aircraft pilots, aerospace engineers, or unmanned 
                aircraft systems operators; or
                    (B) to support the professional development of 
                teachers using the curriculum described in subparagraph 
                (A).
            (2) For purposes of the pilot program established under 
        subsection (a)(2), an eligible project is a project--

[[Page 132 STAT. 3407]]

                    (A) to establish new educational programs that teach 
                technical skills used in aviation maintenance, including 
                purchasing equipment, or to improve existing such 
                programs;
                    (B) to establish scholarships or apprenticeships for 
                individuals pursuing employment in the aviation 
                maintenance industry;
                    (C) to support outreach about careers in the 
                aviation maintenance industry to--
                          (i) primary, secondary, and post-secondary 
                      school students; or
                          (ii) to communities underrepresented in the 
                      industry;
                    (D) to support educational opportunities related to 
                aviation maintenance in economically disadvantaged 
                geographic areas;
                    (E) to support transition to careers in aviation 
                maintenance, including for members of the Armed Forces; 
                or
                    (F) to otherwise enhance aviation maintenance 
                technical education or the aviation maintenance industry 
                workforce.

    (e) Grant Application Review.--In reviewing and selecting 
applications for grants under the programs established under subsection 
(a), the Secretary shall--
            (1) prior to selecting among competing applications, 
        consult, as appropriate, with representatives of aircraft repair 
        stations, design and production approval holders, air carriers, 
        labor organizations, business aviation, general aviation, 
        educational institutions, and other relevant aviation sectors; 
        and
            (2) ensure that the applications selected for projects 
        established under subsection (a)(1) will allow participation 
        from a diverse collection of public and private schools in 
        rural, suburban, and urban areas.

             Subtitle D--Unmanned Aircraft Systems Workforce

SEC. 631. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  COMMUNITY AND TECHNICAL 
                        COLLEGE CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE IN SMALL 
                        UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY 
                        TRAINING.

    (a) Designation.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation, in consultation 
with the Secretary of Education and the Secretary of Labor, shall 
establish a process to designate consortia of public, 2-year 
institutions of higher education as Community and Technical College 
Centers of Excellence in Small Unmanned Aircraft System Technology 
Training (in this section referred to as the ``Centers of Excellence'').
    (b) Functions.--A Center of Excellence designated under subsection 
(a) shall have the capacity to train students for career opportunities 
in industry and government service related to the use of small unmanned 
aircraft systems.
    (c) Education and Training Requirements.--In order to be designated 
as a Center of Excellence under subsection (a), a consortium shall be 
able to address education and training requirements

[[Page 132 STAT. 3408]]

associated with various types of small unmanned aircraft systems, 
components, and related equipment, including with respect to--
            (1) multirotor and fixed-wing small unmanned aircraft;
            (2) flight systems, radio controllers, components, and 
        characteristics of such aircraft;
            (3) routine maintenance, uses and applications, privacy 
        concerns, safety, and insurance for such aircraft;
            (4) hands-on flight practice using small unmanned aircraft 
        systems and computer simulator training;
            (5) use of small unmanned aircraft systems in various 
        industry applications and local, State, and Federal government 
        programs and services, including in agriculture, law 
        enforcement, monitoring oil and gas pipelines, natural disaster 
        response and recovery, fire and emergency services, and other 
        emerging areas;
            (6) Federal policies concerning small unmanned aircraft;
            (7) dual credit programs to deliver small unmanned aircraft 
        training opportunities to secondary school students; or
            (8) training with respect to sensors and the processing, 
        analyzing, and visualizing of data collected by small unmanned 
        aircraft.

    (d) Collaboration.--Each Center of Excellence shall seek to 
collaborate with institutions participating in the Alliance for System 
Safety of UAS through Research Excellence of the Federal Aviation 
Administration and with the test ranges defined under section 44801 of 
title 49, United States Code, as added by this Act.
    (e) Institution of Higher Education.--In this section, the term 
``institution of higher education'' has the meaning given the term in 
section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).
SEC. 632. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  COLLEGIATE TRAINING 
                        INITIATIVE PROGRAM FOR UNMANNED AIRCRAFT 
                        SYSTEMS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration 
shall establish a collegiate training initiative program relating to 
unmanned aircraft systems by making new agreements or continuing 
existing agreements with institutions of higher education (as defined in 
section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)) under 
which the institutions prepare students for careers involving unmanned 
aircraft systems. The Administrator may establish standards for the 
entry of such institutions into the program and for their continued 
participation in the program.
    (b) Unmanned Aircraft System Defined.--In this section, the term 
``unmanned aircraft system'' has the meaning given that term by section 
44801 of title 49, United States Code, as added by this Act.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3409]]

 TITLE <<NOTE: FAA Leadership in Groundbreaking High-Tech Research and 
Development Act.>>  VII--FLIGHT R&D ACT

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

SEC. 701. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``FAA Leadership in Groundbreaking 
High-Tech Research and Development Act'' or the ``FLIGHT R&D Act''.
SEC. 702. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  DEFINITIONS.

    In this title, the following definitions apply:
            (1) Administrator.--The term ``Administrator'' means the 
        Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration.
            (2) FAA.--The term ``FAA'' means the Federal Aviation 
        Administration.
            (3) NASA.--The term ``NASA'' means the National Aeronautics 
        and Space Administration.
            (4) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Transportation.
SEC. 703. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) Authorizations.--Section 48102(a) of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``and, for each of fiscal years 2012 through 2015, under 
        subsection (g)'';
            (2) in paragraph (9), by striking ``and'' at the end; and
            (3) by striking paragraph (10) and inserting the following:
            ``(10) $189,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
            ``(11) $194,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
            ``(12) $199,000,000 for fiscal year 2020;
            ``(13) $204,000,000 for fiscal year 2021;
            ``(14) $209,000,000 for fiscal year 2022; and
            ``(15) $214,000,000 for fiscal year 2023.''.

    (b) Research Priorities.--Section 48102(b) of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``consider'' and inserting 
        ``prioritize safety in considering'';
            (2) by striking paragraph (3);
            (3) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
            ``(2) As safety related activities shall be the highest 
        research priority, at least 70 percent of the amount 
        appropriated under subsection (a) of this section shall be for 
        safety research and development projects.''.

    (c) Annual Submission of the National Aviation Research Plan.--
Section 48102(g) of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(g) Annual Submission of the National Aviation Research Plan.--The 
Administrator shall submit the national aviation research plan to 
Congress no later than the date of submission of the President's budget 
request to Congress for that fiscal year, as required under section 
44501(c).''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3410]]

          Subtitle B--FAA Research and Development Organization

SEC. 711. <<NOTE: 49 USC 106 note.>>  ASSISTANT ADMINISTRATOR FOR 
                        RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) Appointment.--Not later than 3 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall appoint an Assistant 
Administrator for Research and Development.
    (b) Responsibilities.--The Assistant Administrator for Research and 
Development shall, at a minimum, be responsible for--
            (1) management and oversight of all the FAA's research and 
        development programs and activities; and
            (2) production of all congressional reports from the FAA 
        relevant to research and development, including the national 
        aviation research plan required under section 44501(c) of title 
        49, United States Code.

    (c) Dual Appointment.--The Assistant Administrator for Research and 
Development may be a dual-appointment, holding the responsibilities of 
another Assistant Administrator.
SEC. 712. RESEARCH ADVISORY COMMITTEE.

    (a) Advice and Recommendations.--Section 44508(a)(1)(A) of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
            ``(A) provide advice and recommendations to the 
        Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration and 
        Congress about needs, objectives, plans, approaches, content, 
        and accomplishments of all aviation research and development 
        activities and programs carried out, including those under 
        sections 40119, 44504, 44505, 44507, 44511-44513, and 44912 of 
        this title;''.

    (b) Written Reply to Research Advisory Committee.--Section 44508 of 
title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(f) Written Reply.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after receiving 
        any recommendation from the research advisory committee, the 
        Administrator shall provide a written reply to the research 
        advisory committee that, at a minimum--
                    ``(A) clearly states whether the Administrator 
                accepts or rejects the recommendation;
                    ``(B) explains the rationale for the Administrator's 
                decision;
                    ``(C) sets forth the timeframe in which the 
                Administrator will implement the recommendation; and
                    ``(D) describes the steps the Administrator will 
                take to implement the recommendation.
            ``(2) Transparency.--The written reply to the research 
        advisory committee, when transmitted to the research advisory 
        committee, shall be--
                    ``(A) made publicly available on the research 
                advisory committee website; and
                    ``(B) transmitted to the Committee on Science, 
                Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives 
                and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                Transportation of the Senate.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3411]]

            ``(3) National aviation research plan.--The national 
        aviation research plan required under section 44501(c) shall 
        include a summary of all research advisory committee 
        recommendations and a description of the status of their 
        implementation.''.

                  Subtitle C--Unmanned Aircraft Systems

SEC. 721. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44802 note.>>  UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS 
                        RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ROADMAP.

    The Secretary shall submit the unmanned aircraft systems roadmap to 
Congress on an annual basis as required under section 48802(a) of title 
49, United States Code, as added by this Act.

        Subtitle D--Cybersecurity and Responses to Other Threats

SEC. 731. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  CYBER TESTBED.

    Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator shall develop an integrated Cyber Testbed for research, 
development, evaluation, and validation of air traffic control 
modernization technologies, before they enter the national airspace 
system, as being compliant with FAA data security regulations. The Cyber 
Testbed shall be part of an integrated research and development test 
environment capable of creating, identifying, defending, and solving 
cybersecurity-related problems for the national airspace system. This 
integrated test environment shall incorporate integrated test capacities 
within the FAA related to the national airspace system and NextGen.
SEC. 732. STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF EXTREME WEATHER ON AIR TRAVEL.

    (a) Study Required.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration and the Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
Administration shall jointly complete a study on the effect of extreme 
weather on commercial air travel.
    (b) Elements.--The study required by subsection (a) shall include 
assessment of the following:
            (1) Whether extreme weather may result in an increase in 
        turbulence.
            (2) The effect of extreme weather on current commercial air 
        routes.
            (3) The effect of extreme weather on domestic airports, air 
        traffic control facilities, and associated facilities.

           Subtitle E--FAA Research and Development Activities

SEC. 741. RESEARCH PLAN FOR THE CERTIFICATION OF NEW TECHNOLOGIES 
                        INTO THE NATIONAL AIRSPACE SYSTEM.

    Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator, in consultation with NASA, shall transmit

[[Page 132 STAT. 3412]]

a comprehensive research plan for the certification of new technologies 
into the national airspace system to the Committee on Science, Space, 
and Technology of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate. This plan shall 
identify research necessary to support the certification and 
implementation of NextGen, including both ground and air elements, and 
explain the plan's relationship to other activities and procedures 
required for certification and implementation of new technologies into 
the national airspace system. This plan shall be informed by the 
recommendations of the National Research Council report titled 
``Transformation in the Air--A Review of the FAA Research Plan'', issued 
on June 8, 2015. This plan shall include, at a minimum--
            (1) a description of the strategic and prescriptive value of 
        the research plan;
            (2) an explanation of the expected outcomes from executing 
        the plan;
            (3) an assessment of the FAA's plan to use research and 
        development to improve cybersecurity over the next 5 years;
            (4) an assessment of the current software assurance 
        practices, and the desired level or attributes to target in the 
        software assurance program; and
            (5) best practices in research and development used by other 
        organizations, such as NASA, NavCanada, and Eurocontrol.
SEC. 742. TECHNOLOGY REVIEW.

    (a) Review.--
            (1) In general.--The Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
        Administration, in coordination with the Administrator of the 
        National Aeronautics and Space Administration, shall conduct a 
        review of current and planned research on the use of advanced 
        aircraft technologies, innovative materials, alternative fuels, 
        additive manufacturing, and novel aircraft designs, to increase 
        aircraft fuel efficiency.
            (2) Summaries.--The review conducted under paragraph (1) 
        shall include summaries of projects and missions to examine--
                    (A) the effectiveness of such technologies, 
                materials, fuels, and aircraft designs to enhance fuel 
                efficiency and aerodynamic performance, and reduce drag, 
                weight, noise, and fuel consumption; and
                    (B) the potential for novel flight pattern planning 
                and communications systems to reduce aircraft taxiing 
                and airport circling.
            (3) Recommendations.--The review conducted under paragraph 
        (1) shall identify potential opportunities for additional 
        research and development, public or private, to increase 
        aircraft fuel efficiency.

    (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall 
submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report containing the 
results of the review conducted under subsection (a).

[[Page 132 STAT. 3413]]

SEC. 743. CLEEN AIRCRAFT AND ENGINE TECHNOLOGY PARTNERSHIP.

    (a) Cooperative Agreement.--Subchapter I of chapter 475 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 47511. <<NOTE: 49 USC 47511.>>  CLEEN engine and airframe 
                    technology partnership

    ``(a) In General.--The Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
Administration shall enter into a cost-sharing cooperative agreement, 
using a competitive process, with institutions, entities, or consortiums 
to carry out a program for the development, maturation, and testing of 
certifiable CLEEN aircraft, engine technologies, and jet fuels for civil 
subsonic airplanes.
    ``(b) CLEEN Engine and Airframe Technology Defined.--In this 
section, the term `CLEEN aircraft and engine technology' means 
continuous lower energy, emissions, and noise aircraft and engine 
technology.
    ``(c) Performance Objective.--The Administrator shall establish the 
performance objectives for the program in terms of the specific 
objectives to reduce fuel burn, emissions and noise.''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents of 
subchapter I of chapter 475 <<NOTE: 49 USC 47501 prec.>>  is amended by 
inserting after the item relating to section 47510 the following:

``47511. CLEEN engine and airframe technology partnership.''.

SEC. 744. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44505 note.>>  RESEARCH AND DEPLOYMENT OF 
                        CERTAIN AIRFIELD PAVEMENT TECHNOLOGIES.

    Using amounts made available under section 48102(a) of title 49, 
United States Code, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
Administration may carry out a program for the research and development 
of aircraft pavement technologies under which the Administrator makes 
grants to, and enters into cooperative agreements with, institutions of 
higher education and nonprofit organizations that--
            (1) research concrete and asphalt airfield pavement 
        technologies that extend the life of airfield pavements;
            (2) develop and conduct training;
            (3) provide for demonstration projects; and
            (4) promote the latest airfield pavement technologies to aid 
        in the development of safer, more cost effective, and more 
        durable airfield pavements.

Subtitle <<NOTE: Geospatial Data Act of 2018.>>  F--Geospatial Data
SEC. 751. SHORT TITLE; FINDINGS.

    (a) <<NOTE: 43 USC 2801 note.>>  Short Title.--This subtitle may be 
cited as the ``Geospatial Data Act of 2018''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 43 USC 2801 note.>>  Findings.--Congress finds that--
            (1) open and publicly available data is essential to the 
        successful operation of the GeoPlatform;
            (2) the private sector in the United States, for the 
        purposes of acquiring and producing quality geospatial data and 
        geospatial data services, has been and continues to be 
        invaluable in carrying out the varying missions of Federal 
        departments and agencies, as well as contributing positively to 
        the United States economy; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3414]]

            (3) over the last 2 decades, Congress has passed legislation 
        that promotes greater access and use of Government information 
        and data, which has--
                    (A) sparked new, innovative start-ups and services;
                    (B) spurred economic growth in many sectors, such as 
                in the geospatial services;
                    (C) advanced scientific research;
                    (D) promoted public access to Federally funded 
                services and data; and
                    (E) improved access to geospatial data for the 
                purposes of promoting public health, weather 
                forecasting, economic development, environmental 
                protection, flood zone research, and other purposes.
SEC. 752. <<NOTE: 43 USC 2801.>>  DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle--
            (1) the term ``Advisory Committee'' means the National 
        Geospatial Advisory Committee established under section 754(a);
            (2) the term ``Committee'' means the Federal Geographic Data 
        Committee established under section 753(a);
            (3) the term ``covered agency''--
                    (A) means--
                          (i) an Executive department, as defined in 
                      section 101 of title 5, United States Code, that 
                      collects, produces, acquires, maintains, 
                      distributes, uses, or preserves geospatial data on 
                      paper or in electronic form to fulfill the mission 
                      of the Executive department, either directly or 
                      through a relationship with another organization, 
                      including a State, local government, Indian tribe, 
                      institution of higher education, business partner 
                      or contractor of the Federal Government, and the 
                      public;
                          (ii) the National Aeronautics and Space 
                      Administration; or
                          (iii) the General Services Administration; and
                    (B) does not include the Department of Defense 
                (including 30 components and agencies performing 
                national missions) or any element of the intelligence 
                community;
            (4) the term ``GeoPlatform'' means the GeoPlatform described 
        in section 758(a);
            (5) the term ``geospatial data''--
                    (A) means information that is tied to a location on 
                the Earth, including by identifying the geographic 
                location and characteristics of natural or constructed 
                features and boundaries on the Earth, and that is 
                generally represented in vector datasets by points, 
                lines, polygons, or other complex geographic features or 
                phenomena;
                    (B) may be derived from, among other things, remote 
                sensing, mapping, and surveying technologies;
                    (C) includes images and raster datasets, aerial 
                photographs, and other forms of geospatial data or 
                datasets in digitized or non-digitized form; and
                    (D) does not include--
                          (i) geospatial data and activities of an 
                      Indian tribe not carried out, in whole or in part, 
                      using Federal funds, as determined by the tribal 
                      government;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3415]]

                          (ii) classified national security-related 
                      geospatial data and activities of the Department 
                      of Defense, unless declassified;
                          (iii) classified national security-related 
                      geospatial data and activities of the Department 
                      of Energy, unless declassified;
                          (iv) geospatial data and activities under 
                      chapter 22 of title 10, United States Code, or 
                      section 110 of the National Security Act of 1947 
                      (50 U.S.C. 3045);
                          (v) intelligence geospatial data and 
                      activities, as determined by the Director of 
                      National Intelligence; or
                          (vi) certain declassified national security-
                      related geospatial data and activities of the 
                      intelligence community, as determined by the 
                      Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Energy, or 
                      the Director of National Intelligence;
            (6) the term ``Indian tribe'' has the meaning given that 
        term under section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and 
        Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b);
            (7) the term ``institution of higher education'' has the 
        meaning given that term under section 102 of the Higher 
        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1002);
            (8) the term ``intelligence community'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 3 of the National Security Act of 
        1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003);
            (9) the term ``lead covered agency'' means a lead covered 
        agency for a National Geospatial Data Asset data theme 
        designated under section 756(b)(1);
            (10) the term ``local government'' means any city, county, 
        township, town, borough, parish, village, or other general 
        purpose political subdivision of a State;
            (11) the term ``metadata for geospatial data'' means 
        information about geospatial data, including the content, 
        source, vintage, accuracy, condition, projection, method of 
        collection, and other characteristics or descriptions of the 
        geospatial data;
            (12) the term ``National Geospatial Data Asset data theme'' 
        means the National Geospatial Data Asset core geospatial 
        datasets (including electronic records and coordinates) relating 
        to a topic or subject designated under section 756;
            (13) the term ``National Spatial Data Infrastructure'' means 
        the technology, policies, criteria, standards, and employees 
        necessary to promote geospatial data sharing throughout the 
        Federal Government, State, tribal, and local governments, and 
        the private sector (including nonprofit organizations and 
        institutions of higher education); and
            (14) the term ``proven practices'' means methods and 
        activities that advance the use of geospatial data for the 
        benefit of society.
SEC. 753. <<NOTE: 43 USC 2802.>>  FEDERAL GEOGRAPHIC DATA 
                        COMMITTEE.

    (a) In General.--There is established within the Department of the 
Interior an interagency committee to be known as the Federal Geographic 
Data Committee, which shall act as the lead entity in the executive 
branch for the development, implementation, and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3416]]

review of policies, practices, and standards relating to geospatial 
data.
    (b) Membership.--
            (1) Chairperson and vice chairperson.--The Secretary of the 
        Interior and the Director of the Office of Management and Budget 
        shall serve as Chairperson of the Committee and Vice Chairperson 
        of the Committee, respectively.
            (2) Other members.--
                    (A) In general.--The head of each covered agency and 
                the Director of the National Geospatial-Intelligence 
                Agency shall each designate a representative of their 
                respective agency to serve as a member of the Committee.
                    (B) Requirement for appointments.--An officer 
                appointed to serve as a member of the Committee shall 
                hold a position as an assistant secretary, or an 
                equivalent position, or a higher ranking position.
            (3) Guidance.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, and as needed thereafter, the Director of 
        the Office of Management and Budget shall update guidance with 
        respect to membership of the Committee and the roles of members 
        of the Committee.

    (c) Duties.--The Committee shall--
            (1) lead the development and management of and operational 
        decision making for the National Spatial Data Infrastructure 
        strategic plan and geospatial data policy in accordance with 
        section 755;
            (2) designate National Geospatial Data Asset data themes and 
        oversee the coordinated management of the National Geospatial 
        Data Asset data themes in accordance with section 756;
            (3) establish and maintain geospatial data standards in 
        accordance with section 757;
            (4) periodically review and determine the extent to which 
        covered agencies comply with geospatial data standards;
            (5) ensure that the GeoPlatform operates in accordance with 
        section 758;
            (6) direct and facilitate national implementation of the 
        system of National Geospatial Data Asset data themes;
            (7) communicate with and foster communication among covered 
        agencies and other entities and individuals relating to 
        geospatial data technology development, transfer, and exchange 
        in order to--
                    (A) identify and meet the needs of users of 
                geospatial data;
                    (B) promote cost-effective data collection, 
                documentation, maintenance, distribution, and 
                preservation strategies; and
                    (C) leverage Federal and non-Federal resources, such 
                as promoting Federal shared services and cross-agency 
                coordination for marketplace solutions;
            (8) define roles and responsibilities and promote and guide 
        cooperation and coordination among agencies of the Federal 
        Government, State, tribal, and local governments, institutions 
        of higher education, and the private sector in the collection, 
        production, sharing, and use of geospatial information, the 
        implementation of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure, and 
        the identification of proven practices;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3417]]

            (9) coordinate with international organizations having an 
        interest in the National Spatial Data Infrastructure or global 
        spatial data infrastructures;
            (10) make available online and update at least annually--
                    (A) a summary of the status for each National 
                Geospatial Data Asset data theme, based on the report 
                submitted by the applicable lead covered agency under 
                section 756(b)(3)(E)(ii)(I), which shall include--
                          (i) an evaluation of the progress of each lead 
                      covered agency in achieving the requirements under 
                      subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), and (D) of section 
                      756(b)(3); and
                          (ii) a determination of whether, for each of 
                      subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), and (D) of section 
                      756(b)(3), each lead covered agency meets 
                      expectations, has made progress toward 
                      expectations, or fails to meet expectations;
                    (B) a summary and evaluation of the achievements of 
                each covered agency, based on the annual report 
                submitted by the covered agency under section 759(b)(1), 
                which shall include a determination of whether the 
                covered agency meets expectations, has made progress 
                toward expectations, or fails to meet expectations for 
                each of paragraphs (1) through (13) of section 759(a);
                    (C) a collection of periodic technical publications, 
                management articles, and reports related to the National 
                Spatial Data Infrastructure; and
                    (D) a membership directory for the Committee, 
                including identifying members of any subcommittee or 
                working group of the Committee;
            (11)(A) make available to and request comments from the 
        Advisory Committee regarding the summaries and evaluations 
        required under subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (10);
            (B) if requested by the Advisory Committee, respond to any 
        comments by the Advisory Committee; and
            (C) not less than once every 2 years, submit to Congress a 
        report that includes the summaries and evaluations required 
        under subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (10), the comments 
        of the Advisory Committee, and the responses of the Committee to 
        the comments;
            (12)(A) make available to and request comments from covered 
        agencies regarding the summaries and evaluations required under 
        subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (10); and
            (B) not less than once every 2 years, submit to Congress a 
        report that includes the comments of the covered agencies and 
        the responses of the Committee to the comments; and
            (13) support and promote the infrastructure of networks, 
        systems, services, and standards that provide a digital 
        representation of the Earth to users for many applications.

    (d) Staff Support.--The Committee shall establish an Office of the 
Secretariat within the Department of the Interior to provide 
administrative support, strategic planning, funding, and technical 
support to the Committee.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3418]]

SEC. 754. <<NOTE: 43 USC 2803.>>  NATIONAL GEOSPATIAL ADVISORY 
                        COMMITTEE.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of the Interior shall establish 
within the Department of the Interior the National Geospatial Advisory 
Committee to provide advice and recommendations to the Chairperson of 
the Committee.
    (b) Membership.--
            (1) Composition.--The Advisory Committee shall be composed 
        of not more than 30 members, at least one of which will be from 
        the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, who shall--
                    (A) be appointed by the Chairperson of the 
                Committee;
                    (B) be selected--
                          (i) to generally achieve a balanced 
                      representation of the viewpoints of various 
                      interested parties involved in national geospatial 
                      activities and the development of the National 
                      Spatial Data Infrastructure; and
                          (ii) with consideration of a geographic 
                      balance of residence of the members; and
                    (C) be selected from among groups involved in the 
                geospatial community, including--
                          (i) States;
                          (ii) local governments;
                          (iii) regional governments;
                          (iv) tribal governments;
                          (v) private sector entities;
                          (vi) geospatial information user industries;
                          (vii) professional associations;
                          (viii) scholarly associations;
                          (ix) nonprofit organizations;
                          (x) academia;
                          (xi) licensed geospatial data acquisition 
                      professionals; and
                          (xii) the Federal Government.
            (2) Chairperson.--The Chairperson of the Committee shall 
        appoint the Chairperson of the Advisory Committee.
            (3) Period of appointment; vacancies.--
                    (A) In general.--Members shall be appointed for a 
                term of 3 years, with the term of \1/3\ of the members 
                expiring each year.
                    (B) Vacancies.--Any vacancy in the Advisory 
                Committee shall not affect its powers, but shall be 
                filled in the same manner as the original appointment.
            (4) Limit on terms.--Except for the member from the National 
        Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, an individual--
                    (A) may not be appointed to more than 2 consecutive 
                terms as a member of the Advisory Committee; and
                    (B) after serving for 2 consecutive terms, is 
                eligible to be appointed as a member of the Advisory 
                Committee on and after the date that is 2 years after 
                the end of the second consecutive term of the individual 
                as a member of the Advisory Committee.
            (5) Ethical requirements.--A member of the Advisory 
        Committee may not participate in any specific-party matter 
        (including a lease, license, permit, contract, claim, agreement, 
        or related litigation) with the Department of the Interior in 
        which the member has a direct financial interest.
            (6) Incumbents.--

[[Page 132 STAT. 3419]]

                    (A) In general.--An individual serving on the day 
                before the date of enactment of this Act as a member of 
                the National Geospatial Advisory Committee established 
                by the Secretary of the Interior may serve as a member 
                of the Advisory Committee until the end of the term of 
                the individual under the appointment.
                    (B) Limit on terms.--Any period of service as a 
                member of the National Geospatial Advisory Committee 
                established by the Secretary of the Interior shall be 
                considered a period of service as a member of the 
                Advisory Committee for purposes of paragraph (4).

    (c) Subcommittees.--A subcommittee of the Advisory Committee--
            (1) may be formed for the purposes of compiling information 
        or conducting research;
            (2) shall be composed of members appointed by the 
        Chairperson of the Advisory Committee;
            (3) shall act under the direction of the Chairperson of the 
        Advisory Committee and the officer or employee designated under 
        section 10(e) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. 
        App.) with respect to the Advisory Committee;
            (4) shall report the recommendations of the subcommittee to 
        the Advisory Committee for consideration; and
            (5) shall meet as necessary to accomplish the objectives of 
        the subcommittee, subject to the approval of the Chairperson of 
        the Advisory Committee and the availability of resources.

    (d) Meetings.--
            (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall meet at the 
        call of the Chairperson, not less than 1 time each year and not 
        more than 4 times each year.
            (2) Quorum.--A majority of the members of the Advisory 
        Committee shall constitute a quorum, but a lesser number of 
        members may hold meetings or hearings.

    (e) Duties of the Advisory Committee.--The Advisory Committee 
shall--
            (1) provide advice and recommendations relating to--
                    (A) the management of Federal and national 
                geospatial programs;
                    (B) the development of the National Spatial Data 
                Infrastructure; and
                    (C) implementation of this subtitle;
            (2) review and comment on geospatial policy and management 
        issues; and
            (3) ensure the views of representatives of non-Federal 
        interested parties involved in national geospatial activities 
        are conveyed to the Committee.

    (f) Powers of the Advisory Committee.--
            (1) Meetings.--The Advisory Committee may hold meetings 
        (which shall be open to the public) and sit and act at such 
        times and places as the Advisory Committee considers advisable 
        to carry out this subtitle.
            (2) Information from covered agencies.--
                    (A) In general.--The Advisory Committee, with the 
                concurrence of the Chairperson of the Committee, may 
                secure directly from any covered agency such information 
                as the Advisory Committee considers necessary to carry 
                out this subtitle. Upon request of the Chairperson of 
                the

[[Page 132 STAT. 3420]]

                Advisory Committee, the head of such agency shall 
                furnish such information to the Advisory Committee.
                    (B) Noncooperation.--The Advisory Committee shall 
                include in the comments of the Advisory Committee 
                submitted under section 753(c)(11) a discussion of any 
                failure by a covered agency to furnish information in 
                response to a request under subparagraph (A) of this 
                paragraph.
            (3) Postal services.--The Advisory Committee may use the 
        United States mails in the same manner and under the same 
        conditions as other agencies of the Federal Government.

    (g) Advisory Committee Personnel Matters.--
            (1) No compensation of members.--
                    (A) Non-federal employees.--A member of the Advisory 
                Committee who is not an officer or employee of the 
                Federal Government shall serve without compensation.
                    (B) Federal employees.--A member of the Advisory 
                Committee who is an officer or employee of the Federal 
                Government shall serve without compensation in addition 
                to the compensation received for the services of the 
                member as an officer or employee of the Federal 
                Government.
            (2) Travel expenses.--The members of the Advisory Committee 
        shall be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of 
        subsistence, at rates authorized for employees of agencies under 
        subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, United States Code, while 
        away from their homes or regular places of business in the 
        performance of services for the Advisory Committee.
            (3) Detail of government employees.--Any Federal Government 
        employee may be detailed to the Committee to support the 
        Advisory Committee without reimbursement, and such detail shall 
        be without interruption or loss of civil service status or 
        privilege.
            (4) Staff support.--The Office of the Secretariat 
        established by the Committee under section 753(d) shall provide 
        administrative support to the Advisory Committee.

    (h) Applicability of FACA.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall apply to 
        the Advisory Committee.
            (2) No termination.--Section 14(a)(2) of the Federal 
        Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the 
        Advisory Committee.

    (i) Termination.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        Advisory Committee shall terminate 10 years after the date of 
        enactment of this Act.
            (2) Continuation.--The Advisory Committee may be continued 
        for successive 10-year periods by action taken by the Secretary 
        of the Interior to renew the Advisory Committee before the date 
        on which the Advisory Committee would otherwise terminate.
SEC. 755. <<NOTE: 43 USC 2804.>>  NATIONAL SPATIAL DATA 
                        INFRASTRUCTURE.

    (a) In General.--The National Spatial Data Infrastructure shall 
ensure that geospatial data from multiple sources (including

[[Page 132 STAT. 3421]]

the covered agencies, State, local, and tribal governments, the private 
sector, and institutions of higher education) is available and easily 
integrated to enhance the understanding of the physical and cultural 
world.
    (b) Goals.--The goals of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure 
are to--
            (1) ensure--
                    (A) that geospatial data are reviewed prior to 
                disclosure to ensure--
                          (i) compliance with section 552a of title 5 
                      (commonly known as the ``Privacy Act of 1974''); 
                      and
                          (ii) that personally identifiable information 
                      is not disclosed, which shall include an 
                      assessment of re-identification risk when 
                      determining what data constitute personally 
                      identifiable information;
                    (B) that geospatial data are designed to enhance the 
                accuracy of statistical information, both in raw form 
                and in derived information products;
                    (C) free and open access for the public to 
                geospatial data, information, and interpretive products, 
                in accordance with Office of Management and Budget 
                Circular A-130, or any successor thereto;
                    (D) the protection of proprietary interests related 
                to licensed information and data; and
                    (E) the interoperability and sharing capabilities of 
                Federal information systems and data to enable the 
                drawing of resources from covered agencies and partners 
                of covered agencies; and
            (2) support and advance the establishment of a Global 
        Spatial Data Infrastructure, consistent with national security, 
        national defense, national intelligence, and international trade 
        requirements, including ensuring that covered agencies develop 
        international geospatial data in accordance with international 
        voluntary consensus standards, as defined in Office of 
        Management and Budget Circular A-119, or any successor thereto.

    (c) Strategic Plan.--The Committee shall prepare and maintain a 
strategic plan for the development and implementation of the National 
Spatial Data Infrastructure in a manner consistent with national 
security, national defense, and emergency preparedness program policies 
regarding data accessibility.
    (d) Advisory Role.--The Committee shall advise Federal and non-
Federal users of geospatial data on their responsibilities relating to 
implementation of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure.
SEC. 756. <<NOTE: 43 USC 2805.>>  NATIONAL GEOSPATIAL DATA ASSET 
                        DATA THEMES.

    (a) In General.--The Committee shall designate as National 
Geospatial Data Asset data themes the primary topics and subjects for 
which the coordinated development, maintenance, and dissemination of 
geospatial data will benefit the Federal Government and the interests of 
the people of the United States, which shall--
            (1) be representations of conceptual topics describing 
        digital spatial information for the Nation; and
            (2) contain associated datasets (with attribute records and 
        coordinates)--
                    (A) that are documented, verifiable, and officially 
                designated to meet recognized standards;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3422]]

                    (B) that may be used in common; and
                    (C) from which other datasets may be derived.

    (b) Lead Covered Agencies.--
            (1) In general.--For each National Geospatial Data Asset 
        data theme, the Committee shall designate one or more covered 
        agencies as the lead covered agencies for the National 
        Geospatial Data Asset data theme.
            (2) General responsibility.--The lead covered agencies for a 
        National Geospatial Data Asset data theme shall be responsible 
        for ensuring the coordinated management of the data, supporting 
        resources (including technology and personnel), and related 
        services and products of the National Geospatial Data Asset data 
        theme.
            (3) Specific responsibilities.--To assist in fulfilling the 
        responsibilities under paragraph (2) with respect to a National 
        Geospatial Data Asset data theme, the lead covered agencies 
        shall--
                    (A) provide leadership and facilitate the 
                development and implementation of geospatial data 
                standards for the National Geospatial Data Asset data 
                theme, with a particular emphasis on a data content 
                standard for the National Geospatial Data Asset data 
                theme, including by--
                          (i) assessing existing standards;
                          (ii) identifying anticipated or needed data 
                      standards; and
                          (iii) developing a plan to originate and 
                      implement needed standards with relevant community 
                      and international practices--
                                    (I) in accordance with Office of 
                                Management and Budget Circular A-119, or 
                                any successor thereto; and
                                    (II) consistent with or as a part of 
                                the plan described in subparagraph (B);
                    (B) provide leadership and facilitate the 
                development and implementation of a plan for nationwide 
                population of the National Geospatial Data Asset data 
                theme, which shall--
                          (i) include developing partnership programs 
                      with States, Indian tribes, institutions of higher 
                      education, private sector entities, other Federal 
                      agencies, and local governments;
                          (ii) meet the needs of users of geospatial 
                      data;
                          (iii) address human and financial resource 
                      needs;
                          (iv) identify needs relating to standards, 
                      metadata for geospatial data within the National 
                      Geospatial Data Asset data theme, and the 
                      GeoPlatform; and
                          (v) expedite the development of necessary 
                      National Geospatial Data Asset data themes;
                    (C) establish goals that support the strategic plan 
                for the National Spatial Data Infrastructure prepared 
                under section 755(c);
                    (D) as necessary, collect and analyze information 
                from users of geospatial data within the National 
                Geospatial Data Asset data theme regarding the needs of 
                the users for geospatial data and incorporate the needs 
                of users in strategies relating to the National 
                Geospatial Data Asset data theme; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3423]]

                    (E) as part of administering the National Geospatial 
                Data Asset data theme--
                          (i) designate a point of contact within the 
                      lead covered agency who shall be responsible for 
                      developing, maintaining, coordination relating to, 
                      and disseminating data using the GeoPlatform;
                          (ii) submit to the Committee--
                                    (I) a performance report, at least 
                                annually, that documents the activities 
                                relating to and implementation of the 
                                National Geospatial Data Asset data 
                                theme, including progress in achieving 
                                the requirements under subparagraphs 
                                (A), (B), (C), and (D); and
                                    (II) comments, as appropriate, 
                                regarding the summary and evaluation of 
                                the performance report provided by the 
                                Committee under section 753(c)(12);
                          (iii) publish maps or comparable graphics 
                      online (in accordance with the mapping conventions 
                      specified by the Committee) showing the extent and 
                      status of the National Geospatial Data Asset data 
                      themes for which the covered agency is a lead 
                      covered agency;
                          (iv) encourage individuals and entities that 
                      are a source of geospatial data or metadata for 
                      geospatial data for the National Geospatial Data 
                      Asset data theme to provide access to such data 
                      through the GeoPlatform;
                          (v) coordinate with the GeoPlatform; and
                          (vi) identify and publish proven practices for 
                      the use and application of geospatial data of the 
                      lead covered agency.
SEC. 757. <<NOTE: 43 USC 2806.>>  GEOSPATIAL DATA STANDARDS.

    (a) In General.--In accordance with section 216 of the E-Government 
Act of 2002 (44 U.S.C. 3501 note), the Committee shall establish 
standards for each National Geospatial Data Asset data theme, which--
            (1) shall include--
                    (A) rules, conditions, guidelines, and 
                characteristics for the geospatial data within the 
                National Geospatial Data Asset data theme and related 
                processes, technology, and organization; and
                    (B) content standards for metadata for geospatial 
                data within the National Geospatial Data Asset data 
                theme;
            (2) to the maximum extent practicable, shall be consistent 
        with international standards and protocols;
            (3) shall include universal data standards that shall be 
        acceptable for the purposes of declassified intelligence 
        community data; and
            (4) the Committee shall periodically review and update as 
        necessary for the standards to remain current, relevant, and 
        effective.

    (b) Development of Standards.--The Committee shall--
            (1) develop and promulgate standards under this section--
                    (A) in accordance with Office of Management and 
                Budget Circular A-119, or any successor thereto; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3424]]

                    (B) after consultation with a broad range of data 
                users and providers;
            (2) to the maximum extent possible, use national and 
        international standards adopted by voluntary standards consensus 
        bodies; and
            (3) establish new standards only to the extent standards 
        described in paragraph (2) do not exist.

    (c) Exclusion.--The Secretary of the Interior shall withhold from 
public disclosure any information the disclosure of which reasonably 
could be expected to cause damage to the national interest, security, or 
defense of the United States, including information relating to 
geospatial intelligence data activities, as determined in consultation 
with the Director of National Intelligence.
SEC. 758. <<NOTE: 43 USC 2807.>>  GEOPLATFORM.

    (a) In General.--The Committee shall operate an electronic service 
that provides access to geospatial data and metadata for geospatial data 
to the general public, to be known as the GeoPlatform.
    (b) Implementation.--
            (1) In general.--The GeoPlatform--
                    (A) shall--
                          (i) be available through the internet and 
                      other communications means;
                          (ii) be accessible through a common interface;
                          (iii) include metadata for all geospatial data 
                      collected by covered agencies, directly or 
                      indirectly;
                          (iv) include download access to all open 
                      geospatial data directly or indirectly collected 
                      by covered agencies; and
                          (v) include a set of programming instructions 
                      and standards providing an automated means of 
                      accessing available geospatial data, which--
                                    (I) harmonize sources and data 
                                standards associated with geospatial 
                                data, including metadata; and
                                    (II) to the maximum extent 
                                practicable, as determined by the 
                                Chairperson of the Committee, shall be 
                                made publicly available;
                    (B) may include geospatial data from a source other 
                than a covered agency, if determined appropriate by the 
                Committee; and
                    (C) shall not store or serve proprietary information 
                or data acquired under a license by the Federal 
                Government, unless authorized by the data provider.
            (2) Managing partner.--The Chairperson of the Committee 
        shall designate an agency to serve as the managing partner for 
        developing and operating the GeoPlatform, taking direction from 
        the Committee on the scope, functionality, and performance of 
        the GeoPlatform.

    (c) Clarification.--Although the GeoPlatform is intended to include 
all National Geospatial Data Asset and other Federal datasets, nothing 
in this subtitle shall be construed to prevent a covered agency from 
also presenting, providing, or disseminating data that is--
            (1) specific to the functions of the covered agency; or

[[Page 132 STAT. 3425]]

            (2) targeted to information consumers that directly 
        interface with the services, portals, or other mechanisms of the 
        covered agency.
SEC. 759. <<NOTE: 43 USC 2808.>>  COVERED AGENCY RESPONSIBILITIES.

    (a) In General.--Each covered agency shall--
            (1) prepare, maintain, publish, and implement a strategy for 
        advancing geographic information and related geospatial data and 
        activities appropriate to the mission of the covered agency, in 
        support of the strategic plan for the National Spatial Data 
        Infrastructure prepared under section 755(c);
            (2) collect, maintain, disseminate, and preserve geospatial 
        data such that the resulting data, information, or products can 
        be readily shared with other Federal agencies and non-Federal 
        users;
            (3) promote the integration of geospatial data from all 
        sources;
            (4) ensure that data information products and other records 
        created in geospatial data and activities are included on agency 
        record schedules that have been approved by the National 
        Archives and Records Administration;
            (5) allocate resources to fulfill the responsibilities of 
        effective geospatial data collection, production, and 
        stewardship with regard to related activities of the covered 
        agency, and as necessary to support the activities of the 
        Committee;
            (6) use the geospatial data standards, including the 
        standards for metadata for geospatial data, and other 
        appropriate standards, including documenting geospatial data 
        with the relevant metadata and making metadata available through 
        the GeoPlatform;
            (7) coordinate and work in partnership with other Federal 
        agencies, agencies of State, tribal, and local governments, 
        institutions of higher education, and the private sector to 
        efficiently and cost-effectively collect, integrate, maintain, 
        disseminate, and preserve geospatial data, building upon 
        existing non-Federal geospatial data to the extent possible;
            (8) use geospatial information to--
                    (A) make Federal geospatial information and services 
                more useful to the public;
                    (B) enhance operations;
                    (C) support decision making; and
                    (D) enhance reporting to the public and to Congress;
            (9) protect personal privacy and maintain confidentiality in 
        accordance with Federal policy and law;
            (10) participate in determining, when applicable, whether 
        declassified data can contribute to and become a part of the 
        National Spatial Data Infrastructure;
            (11) search all sources, including the GeoPlatform, to 
        determine if existing Federal, State, local, or private 
        geospatial data meets the needs of the covered agency before 
        expending funds for geospatial data collection;
            (12) to the maximum extent practicable, ensure that a person 
        receiving Federal funds for geospatial data collection provides 
        high-quality data; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3426]]

            (13) appoint a contact to coordinate with the lead covered 
        agencies for collection, acquisition, maintenance, and 
        dissemination of the National Geospatial Data Asset data themes 
        used by the covered agency.

    (b) Reporting.--
            (1) In general.--Each covered agency shall submit to the 
        Committee an annual report regarding the achievements of the 
        covered agency in preparing and implementing the strategy 
        described in subsection (a)(1) and complying with the other 
        requirements under subsection (a).
            (2) Budget submission.--Each covered agency shall--
                    (A) include geospatial data in preparing the budget 
                submission of the covered agency to the President under 
                sections 1105(a) and 1108 of title 31, United States 
                Code;
                    (B) maintain an inventory of all geospatial data 
                assets in accordance with OMB Circular A-130, or any 
                successor thereto; and
                    (C) prepare an annual report to Congress identifying 
                Federal-wide geospatial data assets, as defined in OMB 
                Circular A-16, as set forth in OMB memo M-11-03, 
                Issuance of OMB Circular A-16 Supplemental Guidance 
                (November 10, 2010), or any successor thereto.
            (3) Disclosure.--Each covered agency shall disclose each 
        contract, cooperative agreement, grant, or other transaction 
        that deals with geospatial data, which may include posting 
        information relating to the contract, cooperative agreement, 
        grant, or other transaction on www.USAspending.gov and 
        www.itdashboard.gov, or any successors thereto.
            (4) OMB review.--In reviewing the annual budget 
        justifications submitted by covered agencies, the Office of 
        Management and Budget shall take into consideration the summary 
        and evaluations required under subparagraphs (A) and (B) of 
        section 753(c)(10), comments, and replies to comments as 
        required under paragraphs (11) and (12) of section 753(c), in 
        its annual evaluation of the budget justification of each 
        covered agency.
            (5) Reporting.--The Office of Management and Budget shall 
        include a discussion of the summaries and evaluation of the 
        progress in establishing the National Spatial Data 
        Infrastructure in each E-Government status report submitted 
        under section 3606 of title 44, United States Code.

    (c) Audits.--Not less than once every 2 years, the inspector general 
of a covered agency (or senior ethics official of the covered agency for 
a covered agency without an inspector general) shall submit to Congress 
an audit of the collection, production, acquisition, maintenance, 
distribution, use, and preservation of geospatial data by the covered 
agency, which shall include a review of--
            (1) the compliance of the covered agency with the standards 
        for geospatial data, including metadata for geospatial data, 
        established under section 757;
            (2) the compliance of the covered agency with the 
        requirements under subsection (a); and
            (3) the compliance of the covered agency on the limitation 
        on the use of Federal funds under section 759A.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3427]]

SEC. 759A. <<NOTE: 43 USC 2809.>>  LIMITATION ON USE OF FEDERAL 
                          FUNDS.

    (a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``implementation date'' 
means the date that is 5 years after the date on which standards for 
each National Geospatial Data Asset data theme are established under 
section 757.
    (b) Limitation.--Except as provided otherwise in this section, on 
and after the implementation date, a covered agency may not use Federal 
funds for the collection, production, acquisition, maintenance, or 
dissemination of geospatial data that does not comply with the 
applicable standards established under section 757, as determined by the 
Committee.
    (c) Exception for Existing Geospatial Data.--On and after the 
implementation date, a covered agency may use Federal funds to maintain 
and disseminate geospatial data that does not comply with the applicable 
standards established under section 757 if the geospatial data was 
collected, produced, or acquired by the covered agency before the 
implementation date.
    (d) Waiver.--
            (1) In general.--The Chairperson of the Committee may grant 
        a waiver of the limitation under subsection (b), upon a request 
        from a covered agency submitted in accordance with paragraph 
        (2).
            (2) Requirements.--A request for a waiver under paragraph 
        (1) shall--
                    (A) be submitted not later than 30 days before the 
                implementation date;
                    (B) provide a detailed explanation of the reasons 
                for seeking a waiver;
                    (C) provide a detailed plan to achieve compliance 
                with the applicable standards established under section 
                757; and
                    (D) provide the date by which the covered agency 
                shall achieve compliance with the applicable standards 
                established under section 757.

    (e) Best Efforts to Comply During Transition.--During the period 
beginning on the date on which standards for a National Geospatial Data 
Asset data theme are established under section 757 and ending on the 
implementation date, each covered agency, to the maximum extent 
practicable, shall collect, produce, acquire, maintain, and disseminate 
geospatial data within the National Geospatial Data Asset data theme in 
accordance with the standards.
SEC. 759B. <<NOTE: 43 USC 2810.>>  SAVINGS PROVISION.

    Nothing in this subtitle shall repeal, amend, or supersede any 
existing law unless specifically provided in this subtitle.
SEC. 759C. <<NOTE: 43 USC 2811.>>  PRIVATE SECTOR.

    The Committee and each covered agency may, to the maximum extent 
practical, rely upon and use the private sector in the United States for 
the provision of geospatial data and services.

                        Subtitle G--Miscellaneous

SEC. 761. NEXTGEN RESEARCH.

    Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator shall submit to the Committee on Science, Space, and 
Technology and the Committee on Transportation and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3428]]

Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a report specifying 
the top 5 priority research areas for the implementation and advancement 
of NextGen, including--
            (1) an assessment of why the research areas are a priority 
        for the implementation and advancement of NextGen;
            (2) an identification of the other Federal agencies and 
        private organizations assisting the Administration with the 
        research; and
            (3) an estimate of when the research will be completed.
SEC. 762. ADVANCED MATERIALS CENTER OF EXCELLENCE.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 445 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 44518. <<NOTE: 49 USC 44518.>>  Advanced Materials Center 
                    of Excellence

    ``(a) In General.--The Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
Administration shall continue operation of the Advanced Materials Center 
of Excellence (referred to in this section as the `Center') under its 
structure as in effect on March 1, 2016, which shall focus on applied 
research and training on the durability and maintainability of advanced 
materials in transport airframe structures.
    ``(b) Responsibilities.--The Center shall--
            ``(1) promote and facilitate collaboration among academia, 
        the Transportation Division of the Federal Aviation 
        Administration, and the commercial aircraft industry, including 
        manufacturers, commercial air carriers, and suppliers; and
            ``(2) establish goals set to advance technology, improve 
        engineering practices, and facilitate continuing education in 
        relevant areas of study.''.

    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for chapter 445 of 
title 49, United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC 44501 prec.>>  is amended 
by adding at the end the following:

``44518. Advanced Materials Center of Excellence.''.

                 TITLE VIII--AVIATION REVENUE PROVISIONS

SEC. 801. EXPENDITURE AUTHORITY FROM AIRPORT AND AIRWAY TRUST 
                        FUND.

    (a) In General.--Section 9502(d)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 
1986 <<NOTE: 26 USC 9502.>>  is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by striking 
        ``October 1, 2018'' and inserting ``October 1, 2023''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (A) by striking the semicolon at the end 
        and inserting ``or the FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018;''.

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 9502(e)(2) of such Code is 
amended by striking ``October 1, 2018'' and inserting ``October 1, 
2023''.
SEC. 802. EXTENSION OF TAXES FUNDING AIRPORT AND AIRWAY TRUST 
                        FUND.

    (a) Fuel Taxes.--Section 4081(d)(2)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code 
of 1986 <<NOTE: 26 USC 4081.>>  is amended by striking ``September 30, 
2018'' and inserting ``September 30, 2023''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3429]]

    (b) Ticket Taxes.--
            (1) Persons.--Section 4261(k)(1)(A)(ii) <<NOTE: 26 USC 
        4261.>>  of such Code is amended by striking ``September 30, 
        2018'' and inserting ``September 30, 2023''.
            (2) Property.--Section 4271(d)(1)(A)(ii) of such Code is 
        amended by striking ``September 30, 2018'' and inserting 
        ``September 30, 2023''.

    (c) Fractional Ownership Programs.--
            (1) Fuel tax.--Section 4043(d) of such Code is amended by 
        striking ``September 30, 2021'' and inserting ``September 30, 
        2023''.
            (2) Treatment as noncommercial aviation.--Section 4083(b) of 
        such Code is amended by striking ``October 1, 2018'' and 
        inserting ``October 1, 2023''.
            (3) Exemption from ticket taxes.--Section 4261(j) of such 
        Code is amended by striking ``September 30, 2018'' and inserting 
        ``September 30, 2023''.

   DIVISION C--NATIONAL <<NOTE: National Transportation Safety Board 
Reauthorization Act.>>  TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD REAUTHORIZATION ACT 
OF 2018
SEC. 1101. <<NOTE: 49 USC 40101 note.>>  SHORT TITLE.

    This division may be cited as the ``National Transportation Safety 
Board Reauthorization Act''.
SEC. 1102. <<NOTE: 49 USC 41101 note.>>  DEFINITIONS.

    In this division, the following definitions apply:
            (1) Board.--The term ``Board'' means the National 
        Transportation Safety Board.
            (2) Chairman.--The term ``Chairman'' means the Chairman of 
        the National Transportation Safety Board.
            (3) Most wanted list.--The term ``Most Wanted List'' means 
        the Board publication entitled ``Most Wanted List''.
SEC. 1103. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 1118(a) of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read 
as follows:
    ``(a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated for the 
purposes of this chapter $111,400,000 for fiscal year 2019, $112,400,000 
for fiscal year 2020, $113,400,000 for fiscal year 2021, and 
$114,400,000 for fiscal year 2022. Such sums shall remain available 
until expended.''.
SEC. 1104. STILL IMAGES.

    (a) Still Images, Voice Recorders, and Video Recorders.--
            (1) Cockpit recordings and transcripts.--Section 1114(c) of 
        title 49, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3);
                    (B) in paragraph (3), as so redesignated, by 
                inserting ``References to information in making safety 
                recommendations.--'' before ``This''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in the first sentence, by striking ``The 
                      Board'' and inserting ``Confidentiality of 
                      recordings.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
                      the Board''; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3430]]

                          (ii) by amending the second sentence to read 
                      as follows:
            ``(2) Exception.--Subject to subsections (b) and (g), the 
        Board shall make public any part of a transcript, any written 
        depiction of visual information obtained from a video recorder, 
        or any still image obtained from a video recorder the Board 
        decides is relevant to the accident or incident--
                    ``(A) if the Board holds a public hearing on the 
                accident or incident, at the time of the hearing; or
                    ``(B) if the Board does not hold a public hearing, 
                at the time a majority of the other factual reports on 
                the accident or incident are placed in the public 
                docket.''.
            (2) Surface vehicle recordings and transcripts.--Section 
        1114(d) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); 
                and
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in the first sentence, by striking ``The 
                      Board'' and inserting ``Except as provided in 
                      paragraph (2), the Board''; and
                          (ii) by amending the second sentence to read 
                      as follows:
            ``(2) Exception.--Subject to subsections (b) and (g), the 
        Board shall make public any part of a transcript, any written 
        depiction of visual information obtained from a video recorder, 
        or any still image obtained from a video recorder the Board 
        decides is relevant to the accident--
                    ``(A) if the Board holds a public hearing on the 
                accident, at the time of the hearing; or
                    ``(B) if the Board does not hold a public hearing, 
                at the time a majority of the other factual reports on 
                the accident are placed in the public docket.''.
            (3) Privacy protections.--Section 1114 of title 49, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ``(g) Privacy Protections.--Before making public any still image 
obtained from a video recorder under subsection (c)(2) or subsection 
(d)(2), the Board shall take such action as appropriate to protect from 
public disclosure any information that readily identifies an individual, 
including a decedent.''.
    (b) Cockpit and Surface Vehicle Recordings and Transcripts.--Section 
1154(a) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``Transcripts and 
        Recordings'' and inserting ``In General'';
            (2) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as 
                subparagraphs (B) and (C), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting before subparagraph (B), as so 
                redesignated, the following:
                    ``(A) any still image that the National 
                Transportation Safety Board has not made available to 
                the public under section 1114(c) or 1114(d) of this 
                title;'';
            (3) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``recorder recording'' and inserting ``recorder 
                recording, including with regard to a video recording 
                any still image that the National Transportation Safety 
                Board

[[Page 132 STAT. 3431]]

                has not made available to the public under section 
                1114(c) or 1114(d) of this title,''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``recorder 
                recording'' and inserting ``recorder recording, 
                including with regard to a video recording any still 
                image that the National Transportation Safety Board has 
                not made available to the public under section 1114(c) 
                or 1114(d) of this title,'';
            (4) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by inserting ``a still image or'' before 
                      ``a part of a cockpit''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``the part of the transcript 
                      or the recording'' each place it appears and 
                      inserting ``the still image, the part of the 
                      transcript, or the recording'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) by inserting ``a still image or'' before 
                      ``a part of a cockpit''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``the part of the transcript 
                      or the recording'' each place it appears and 
                      inserting ``the still image, the part of the 
                      transcript, or the recording''; and
            (5) in paragraph (6)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as 
                subparagraph (C); and
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
                following:
            ``(B) Still image.--The term `still image' means any still 
        image obtained from a video recorder.''.
SEC. 1105. ELECTRONIC RECORDS.

    Section 1134(a)(2) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``including an electronic record,'' after ``record,''.
SEC. 1106. REPORT ON MOST WANTED LIST METHODOLOGY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than the date on which the first Most 
Wanted List to be published after the date of enactment of this Act is 
published, the Chairman shall publish on a publicly available website of 
the Board and submit to appropriate committees of Congress a report on 
the methodology used to prioritize and select recommendations to be 
included by the Board in the Most Wanted List.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include--
            (1) a detailed description of how the Board accounts for the 
        risk to safety addressed in each of its recommendations, 
        including the extent to which the Board considers--
                    (A) the types of data and other information, 
                including studies and reports, used to identify the 
                amount and probability of risk to safety;
                    (B) the reduction of the risk to safety, estimated 
                over a period of time, by implementing each 
                recommendation;
                    (C) the practicality and feasibility of achieving 
                the reduction of the risk to safety described in 
                subparagraph (B); and
                    (D) any alternate means of reducing the risk;
            (2) a detailed description of the extent to which the Board 
        considers any prior, related investigation, safety 
        recommendation, or other safety action when prioritizing and 
        selecting recommendations; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3432]]

            (3) a description of the extent of coordination and 
        consultation when prioritizing and selecting the 
        recommendations.

    (c) GAO Report.--Not later than 15 months after the date that the 
methodology report is published under subsection (a), the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall submit to the appropriate committees 
of Congress a report examining the methodology used by the Board to 
prioritize and select safety recommendations for inclusion in the Most 
Wanted List.
SEC. 1107. METHODOLOGY.

    (a) Redesignation.--Section 1116 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Annual Report.--The National Transportation Safety Board shall 
submit a report to Congress on July 1 of each year. The report shall 
include--
            ``(1) a statistical and analytical summary of the 
        transportation accident investigations conducted and reviewed by 
        the Board during the prior calendar year;
            ``(2) a survey and summary of the recommendations made by 
        the Board to reduce the likelihood of recurrence of those 
        accidents together with the observed response to each 
        recommendation;
            ``(3) a detailed appraisal of the accident investigation and 
        accident prevention activities of other departments, agencies, 
        and instrumentalities of the United States Government and State 
        and local governmental authorities having responsibility for 
        those activities under a law of the United States or a State;
            ``(4) a description of the activities and operations of the 
        National Transportation Safety Board Training Center during the 
        prior calendar year;
            ``(5) a list of accidents, during the prior calendar year, 
        that the Board was required to investigate under section 1131 
        but did not investigate and an explanation of why they were not 
        investigated; and
            ``(6) a list of ongoing investigations that have exceeded 
        the expected time allotted for completion by Board order and an 
        explanation for the additional time required to complete each 
        such investigation.''.

    (b) Methodology.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1117 of title 49, United States 
        Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1117. Methodology

    ``(a) In General.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of the National Transportation Safety Board Reauthorization 
Act, the Chairman shall include with each investigative report in which 
a recommendation is issued by the Board a methodology section detailing 
the process and information underlying the selection of each 
recommendation.
    ``(b) Elements.--Except as provided in subsection (c), the 
methodology section under subsection (a) shall include, for each 
recommendation--
            ``(1) a brief summary of the Board's collection and analysis 
        of the specific accident investigation information most relevant 
        to the recommendation;

[[Page 132 STAT. 3433]]

            ``(2) a description of the Board's use of external 
        information, including studies, reports, and experts, other than 
        the findings of a specific accident investigation, if any were 
        used to inform or support the recommendation, including a brief 
        summary of the specific safety benefits and other effects 
        identified by each study, report, or expert; and
            ``(3) a brief summary of any examples of actions taken by 
        regulated entities before the publication of the safety 
        recommendation, to the extent such actions are known to the 
        Board, that were consistent with the recommendation.

    ``(c) Acceptable Limitation.--If the Board knows of more than 3 
examples taken by regulated entities before the publication of the 
safety recommendation that were consistent with the recommendation, the 
brief summary under subsection (b)(3) may be limited to only 3 of those 
examples.
    ``(d) Exception.--Subsection (a) shall not apply if the 
recommendation is only for a person to disseminate information on--
            ``(1) an existing agency best practices document; or
            ``(2) an existing regulatory requirement.

    ``(e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed to require any change to a recommendation made by the Board 
before the date of enactment of the National Transportation Safety Board 
Reauthorization Act, unless the recommendation is a repeat 
recommendation issued on or after the date of enactment of such Act.
    ``(f) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section may be construed--
            ``(1) to delay publication of the findings, cause, or 
        probable cause of a Board investigation;
            ``(2) to delay the issuance of an urgent recommendation that 
        the Board has determined must be issued to avoid immediate loss, 
        death, or injury; or
            ``(3) to limit the number of examples the Board may consider 
        before issuing a recommendation.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The analysis for chapter 11 of 
        title 49, United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC 1101 prec.>>  is 
        amended by inserting after the item relating to section 1116 the 
        following:

``117. Methodology.''.

SEC. 1108. <<NOTE: 49 USC 1119 note.>>  MULTIMODAL ACCIDENT 
                          DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Board shall establish and maintain a 
multimodal accident database management system for Board investigators.
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of the system shall be to support the 
Board in improving--
            (1) the quality of accident data the Board makes available 
        to the public; and
            (2) the selection of accidents for investigation and 
        allocation of limited resources.

    (c) Requirements.--The system shall--
            (1) maintain a historical record of accidents that are 
        investigated by the Board; and
            (2) be capable of the secure storage, retrieval, and 
        management of information associated with the investigations of 
        such accidents.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3434]]

SEC. 1109. ADDRESSING THE NEEDS OF FAMILIES OF INDIVIDUALS 
                          INVOLVED IN ACCIDENTS.

    (a) Air Carriers Holding Certificates of Public Convenience and 
Necessity.--Section 41113 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``a major'' and inserting 
        ``any''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (9), by striking ``(and any other 
                victim of the accident)'' and inserting ``(and any other 
                victim of the accident, including any victim on the 
                ground)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (16), by striking ``major'' and 
                inserting ``any''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (17)(A), by striking 
                ``significant'' and inserting ``any''.

    (b) Foreign Air Carriers Providing Foreign Air Transportation.--
Section 41313 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``a major'' and inserting 
        ``any''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``a significant'' 
                and inserting ``any'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``a significant'' 
                and inserting ``any'';
                    (C) by amending paragraph (9) to read as follows:
            ``(9) Equal treatment of passengers.--An assurance that the 
        treatment of the families of nonrevenue passengers (and any 
        other victim of the accident, including any victim on the 
        ground) will be the same as the treatment of the families of 
        revenue passengers.'';
                    (D) in paragraph (16)--
                          (i) by striking ``major'' and inserting 
                      ``any''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``the foreign air carrier 
                      will consult'' and inserting ``will consult''; and
                    (E) in paragraph (17)(A), by striking 
                ``significant'' and inserting ``any''.

    (c) Assistance to Families of Passengers Involved in Aircraft 
Accidents.--Section 1136 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``aircraft accident 
        within the United States involving an air carrier or foreign air 
        carrier and resulting in a major loss of life'' and inserting 
        ``aircraft accident involving an air carrier or foreign air 
        carrier, resulting in any loss of life, and for which the 
        National Transportation Safety Board will serve as the lead 
        investigative agency''; and
            (2) in subsection (h)--
                    (A) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
            ``(1) Aircraft accident.--The term `aircraft accident' means 
        any aviation disaster, regardless of its cause or suspected 
        cause, for which the National Transportation Safety Board is the 
        lead investigative agency.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``; and'' 
                      and inserting a semicolon;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking the 
                      period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and

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                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) any other person injured or killed in the 
                aircraft accident, as determined appropriate by the 
                Board.''.

    (d) Assistance to Families of Passengers Involved in Rail Passenger 
Accidents.--Section 1139 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``resulting in a major 
        loss of life'' and inserting ``resulting in any loss of life, 
        and for which the National Transportation Safety Board will 
        serve as the lead investigative agency''; and
            (2) by amending subsection (h)(1) to read as follows:
            ``(1) Rail passenger accident.--The term `rail passenger 
        accident' means any rail passenger disaster that--
                    ``(A) results in any loss of life;
                    ``(B) the National Transportation Safety Board will 
                serve as the lead investigative agency for; and
                    ``(C) occurs in the provision of--
                          ``(i) interstate intercity rail passenger 
                      transportation (as such term is defined in section 
                      24102); or
                          ``(ii) high-speed rail (as such term is 
                      defined in section 26105) transportation, 
                      regardless of its cause or suspected cause.''.

    (e) Information for Families of Individuals Involved in Accidents.--
            (1) In general.--Subchapter III of chapter 11 of subtitle II 
        of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
        the following:
``Sec. 1140. <<NOTE: 49 USC 1140.>>  Information for families of 
                  individuals involved in accidents

    ``In the course of an investigation of an accident described in 
section 1131(a)(1), except an aircraft accident described in section 
1136 or a rail passenger accident described in section 1139, the Board 
may, to the maximum extent practicable, ensure that the families of 
individuals involved in the accident, and other individuals the Board 
deems appropriate--
            ``(1) are informed as to the roles, with respect to the 
        accident and the post-accident activities, of the Board;
            ``(2) are briefed, before any public briefing, about the 
        accident, its causes, and any other findings from the 
        investigation; and
            ``(3) are individually informed of and allowed to attend any 
        public hearings and meetings of the Board about the accident.''.
            (2) Table of contents.--The table of contents of chapter 11 
        of subtitle II of title 49, United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC 
        1101 prec.>>  is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
        section 1139 the following:

``1140. Information for families of individuals involved in 
           accidents.''.

SEC. 1110. GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORT ON 
                          INVESTIGATION LAUNCH DECISION-MAKING 
                          PROCESSES.

    Section 1138 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (5) and (6) as 
                paragraphs (6) and (7), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:

[[Page 132 STAT. 3436]]

            ``(5) the process and procedures to select an accident to 
        investigate;''; and
            (2) in subsection (c), by inserting a comma after 
        ``Science''.
SEC. 1111. PERIODIC REVIEW OF SAFETY RECOMMENDATIONS.

    (a) Reports.--Section 1116 of title 49, United States Code, as 
amended by this Act, is further amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``and studies'' and 
        inserting ``, studies, and retrospective reviews''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(d) Retrospective Reviews.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), not later than 
        June 1, 2019, and at least every 5 years thereafter, the 
        Chairman shall complete a retrospective review of 
        recommendations issued by the Board that are classified as open 
        by the Board.
            ``(2) Contents.--A review under paragraph (1) shall 
        include--
                    ``(A) a determination of whether the recommendation 
                should be updated, closed, or reissued in light of--
                          ``(i) changed circumstances;
                          ``(ii) more recently issued recommendations;
                          ``(iii) the availability of new technologies; 
                      or
                          ``(iv) new information making the 
                      recommendation ineffective or insufficient for 
                      achieving its objective; and
                    ``(B) a justification for each determination under 
                subparagraph (A).
            ``(3) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date a 
        review under paragraph (1) is complete, the Chairman shall 
        submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation 
        of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a report that 
        includes--
                    ``(A) the findings of the review under paragraph 
                (1);
                    ``(B) each determination under paragraph (2)(A) and 
                justification under paragraph (2)(B); and
                    ``(C) if applicable, a schedule for updating, 
                closing, or reissuing a recommendation.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 11 of title 49, 
United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC 1101 prec.>>  is amended by striking 
the item relating to section 1116 and inserting the following:

``1116. Reports, studies, and retrospective reviews.''.

    (c) <<NOTE: 49 USC 1116 note.>>  Savings Clause.--Nothing in this 
section or the amendments made by this section may be construed to limit 
or otherwise affect the authority of the Board to update, close, or 
reissue a recommendation.
SEC. 1112. GENERAL ORGANIZATION.

    (a) Terms of the Chairman and Vice Chairman.--Section 1111(d) of 
title 49, United States Code, is amended by striking ``2 years'' and 
inserting ``3 years''.
    (b) Nonpublic Collaborative Discussions.--Section 1111 of such title 
is further amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(k) Open Meetings.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Board shall be deemed to be an agency 
        for purposes of section 552b of title 5.
            ``(2) Nonpublic collaborative discussions.--

[[Page 132 STAT. 3437]]

                    ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding section 552b of 
                title 5, a majority of the members may hold a meeting 
                that is not open to public observation to discuss 
                official agency business if--
                          ``(i) no formal or informal vote or other 
                      official agency action is taken at the meeting;
                          ``(ii) each individual present at the meeting 
                      is a member or an employee of the Board;
                          ``(iii) at least 1 member of the Board from 
                      each political party is present at the meeting, if 
                      applicable; and
                          ``(iv) the General Counsel of the Board is 
                      present at the meeting.
                    ``(B) Disclosure of nonpublic collaborative 
                discussions.--Except as provided under subparagraphs (C) 
                and (D), not later than 2 business days after the 
                conclusion of a meeting under subparagraph (A), the 
                Board shall make available to the public, in a place 
                easily accessible to the public--
                          ``(i) a list of the individuals present at the 
                      meeting; and
                          ``(ii) a summary of the matters, including key 
                      issues, discussed at the meeting, except for any