Text: H.R.3363 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (07/24/2017)


115th CONGRESS
1st Session
H. R. 3363


To reform uniformity and reciprocity among States that license insurance claims adjusters and to facilitate prompt and efficient adjusting of insurance claims, and for other purposes.


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

July 24, 2017

Mr. Kustoff of Tennessee (for himself, Mr. Foster, Mr. Royce of California, Mr. Stivers, Mr. Blum, and Mr. Roe of Tennessee) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Financial Services


A BILL

To reform uniformity and reciprocity among States that license insurance claims adjusters and to facilitate prompt and efficient adjusting of insurance claims, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Claims Licensing Advancement for Interstate Matters Act” or the “CLAIM Act”.

SEC. 2. State flexibility in multistate adjuster licensing reforms.

(a) In general.—Section 4 shall take effect upon the expiration of the 4-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act unless, before the expiration of such period, those States that license independent claims adjusters have enacted—

(1) uniform laws and regulations governing the licensure of individuals and entities authorized to adjust insurance claims within the State; and

(2) reciprocity laws and regulations governing the licensure of nonresident individuals and entities authorized to adjust insurance claims within those States.

(b) Uniformity required.—States shall be deemed to have established the uniformity necessary to comply with subsection (a)(1) if the States—

(1) establish uniform criteria regarding the integrity, personal qualifications, education, training, and experience of licensed independent claims adjusters for—

(A) property and casualty insurance;

(B) workers compensation insurance; and

(C) such other lines as a State may choose to regulate.

(2) establish uniform continuing education requirements for licensed independent claims adjusters for each line of insurance under paragraph (1) that a State chooses to regulate;

(3) establish uniform ethics course requirements for licensed independent claims adjusters in conjunction with the continuing education requirements under paragraph (2);

(4) do not impose any requirement upon any independent claims adjuster to be licensed or otherwise qualified to do business as a nonresident that has the effect of limiting or conditioning that independent claims adjuster’s activities because of its residence or place of operations; and

(5) utilize a uniform license application.

(c) Reciprocity required.—States shall be deemed to have established the reciprocity required to comply with subsection (a)(2) if the following conditions are met:

(1) ADMINISTRATIVE LICENSING PROCEDURES.—Each State that licenses independent claims adjusters permits an independent claims adjuster that has a license for adjusting insurance claims in their home State to receive a license to adjust insurance claims in those other States as a nonresident to the same extent that such independent claims adjuster is permitted to adjust insurance claims in their home State without satisfying any additional requirements other than submitting—

(A) a request for licensure utilizing the uniform license application;

(B) a copy of, or evidence of, a valid license held by the adjuster in their home State (unless such information is available in the National Insurance Producer Registry Producer Database); and

(C) the payment of any requisite fee to the appropriate authority.

(2) CONTINUING EDUCATION REQUIREMENTS.—Each State that licenses an independent claims adjuster accepts an insurance claims adjuster’s satisfaction of their home State’s continuing education requirements for licensed insurance claims adjusters to satisfy the State’s own continuing education requirements.

(3) NO LIMITING NONRESIDENT REQUIREMENTS.—A State does not impose any requirement upon any independent claims adjuster to be licensed or otherwise qualified to do business as a nonresident that has the effect of limiting or conditioning that independent claims adjuster’s activities because of its residence or place of operations.

(4) RECIPROCAL RECIPROCITY.—Each of the States that satisfies paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) grants reciprocity to residents of all of the other States that satisfy such paragraphs.

(d) Determination.—

(1) DETERMINATION.—A State shall be considered to be in compliance with subsection (a) for purposes of this Act if the National Association of Registered Agents and Brokers determines that, before the expiration of the 4-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, the State is in compliance with the requirements under such subsection.

(2) CONTINUED REVIEW.—With respect to any State that the National Association of Registered Agents and Brokers has determined to be in compliance with the requirements of subsection (a), the National Association of Registered Agents and Brokers shall continue to review and determine such State’s compliance with the requirements of subsection (a) on an annual basis. If the National Association of Registered Agents and Brokers determines at any time that a State no longer is in compliance with the requirements of subsection (a), section 4 shall apply with respect to such State.

(3) JUDICIAL REVIEW.—The appropriate United States District Court shall have exclusive jurisdiction over any challenge arising under this section. The court shall apply the standards set forth in section 706 of title 5, United States Code, in reviewing any such challenge.

SEC. 3. State authorities.

Nothing in this Act shall be construed to—

(1) require a State that does not have licensing requirements for independent claims adjusters to adopt any such requirements;

(2) subject to section 2, limit the right of a State to establish licensing fees or enforce its laws regarding the adjusting of insurance claims, provided that such State fee is uniform regardless of the State of residence of the licensee in that State; or

(3) affect the jurisdiction and authority of a State insurance regulator to prescribe and enforce its insurance laws, rules, and regulations regulating independent claims adjuster activity in its jurisdiction.

SEC. 4. Authority for interstate claims adjusting.

In the case of any State that requires and issues licenses for independent claims adjusters but is not in compliance with section 2, after the expiration of the 4-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, an independent claims adjuster may apply to the National Association of Registered Agents and Brokers for Membership for the purpose of licensure in each such State not in compliance with section 2, provided that such independent claims adjuster pays the requisite fees, including licensing fees. For purposes of this provision, upon such date an independent claims adjuster shall be determined to be a person that negotiates policies of insurance and offers advice, counsel, opinions or services related to insurance, as such terms are used in section 334(5) of Public Law 106–102, as amended by section 202(a) of Public Law 114–1 (15 U.S.C. 6764(5); 129 Stat. 27).

SEC. 5. Definitions.

For purposes of this Act, the following definitions shall apply:

(1) HOME STATE.—

(A) ACTUAL.—The term “home State” means, with respect to an independent claims adjuster, the State in which the adjuster maintains his, her, or its principal place of residence or business and is licensed upon having passed an exam as an independent claims adjuster.

(B) DESIGNATED.—If the State in which an independent claims adjuster maintains his or her principal place of residence or business does not issue an independent claims adjuster license or require an examination as a condition for such licensure for the line or lines of authority sought, such term means any other State in which the independent claims adjuster is so licensed upon having passed an exam and that is designated by such adjuster as his or her home State.

(2) INDEPENDENT CLAIMS ADJUSTER.—The term “independent claims adjuster” means an individual, other than a public adjuster, who undertakes on behalf of insurers or self-insurers to investigate, evaluate, and negotiate the resolution of the amount of a property, casualty, liability, disability, or workers’ compensation claim, loss, or damage on behalf of an insurance policy or insurer or as a third party on behalf of a self-insurer. Such term includes company or staff adjusters, who are individuals, other than a public adjuster, employed by property casualty insurers and undertake to investigate, evaluate, and negotiate the resolution of a property, casualty, liability, disability, or workers’ compensation claim, loss, or damage on behalf of an insurance policy or insurer.

(3) PUBLIC ADJUSTER.—The term “public adjuster” means any person who, for compensation or any other thing of value, on behalf of the insured acts, aids, advertises, or solicits business to ascertain, determine, negotiate, or settle the amount of a claim, loss, or damage, solely in relation to first party claims arising under contracts that insure the real or personal property of the insured.

(4) STATE.—The term “State” means the States of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and any other territory or possession of the United States.

(5) STATE LAW.—The term “State law” includes all laws, decisions, rules, regulations, or other State action of any State having the effect of law; and a law of the United States applicable only to the District of Columbia shall be treated as a State law rather than as a law of the United States.