Text: H.R.3364 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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[Congressional Bills 115th Congress]
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[H.R. 3364 Enrolled Bill (ENR)]

        H.R.3364

                     One Hundred Fifteenth Congress

                                 of the

                        United States of America


                          AT THE FIRST SESSION

          Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday,
          the third day of January, two thousand and seventeen


                                 An Act


 
    To provide congressional review and to counter aggression by the 
 Governments of Iran, the Russian Federation, and North Korea, and for 
                             other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Countering 
America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

                 TITLE I--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO IRAN

Sec. 101. Short title.
Sec. 102. Definitions.
Sec. 103. Regional strategy for countering conventional and asymmetric 
          Iranian threats in the Middle East and North Africa.
Sec. 104. Imposition of additional sanctions in response to Iran's 
          ballistic missile program.
Sec. 105. Imposition of terrorism-related sanctions with respect to the 
          IRGC.
Sec. 106. Imposition of additional sanctions with respect to persons 
          responsible for human rights abuses.
Sec. 107. Enforcement of arms embargos.
Sec. 108. Review of applicability of sanctions relating to Iran's 
          support for terrorism and its ballistic missile program.
Sec. 109. Report on coordination of sanctions between the United States 
          and the European Union.
Sec. 110. Report on United States citizens detained by Iran.
Sec. 111. Exceptions for national security and humanitarian assistance; 
          rule of construction.
Sec. 112. Presidential waiver authority.

TITLE II--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND COMBATING 
                     TERRORISM AND ILLICIT FINANCING

Sec. 201. Short title.

  Subtitle A--Sanctions and Other Measures With Respect to the Russian 
                               Federation

Sec. 211. Findings.
Sec. 212. Sense of Congress.

 Part 1--Congressional Review of Sanctions Imposed With Respect to the 
                           Russian Federation

Sec. 215. Short title.
Sec. 216. Congressional review of certain actions relating to sanctions 
          imposed with respect to the Russian Federation.

        Part 2--Sanctions With Respect to the Russian Federation

Sec. 221. Definitions.
Sec. 222. Codification of sanctions relating to the Russian Federation.
Sec. 223. Modification of implementation of Executive Order No. 13662.
Sec. 224. Imposition of sanctions with respect to activities of the 
          Russian Federation undermining cybersecurity.
Sec. 225. Imposition of sanctions relating to special Russian crude oil 
          projects.
Sec. 226. Imposition of sanctions with respect to Russian and other 
          foreign financial institutions.
Sec. 227. Mandatory imposition of sanctions with respect to significant 
          corruption in the Russian Federation.
Sec. 228. Mandatory imposition of sanctions with respect to certain 
          transactions with foreign sanctions evaders and serious human 
          rights abusers in the Russian Federation.
Sec. 229. Notifications to Congress under Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 
          2014.
Sec. 230. Standards for termination of certain sanctions with respect to 
          the Russian Federation.
Sec. 231. Imposition of sanctions with respect to persons engaging in 
          transactions with the intelligence or defense sectors of the 
          Government of the Russian Federation.
Sec. 232. Sanctions with respect to the development of pipelines in the 
          Russian Federation.
Sec. 233. Sanctions with respect to investment in or facilitation of 
          privatization of state-owned assets by the Russian Federation.
Sec. 234. Sanctions with respect to the transfer of arms and related 
          materiel to Syria.
Sec. 235. Sanctions described.
Sec. 236. Exceptions, waiver, and termination.
Sec. 237. Exception relating to activities of the National Aeronautics 
          and Space Administration.
Sec. 238. Rule of construction.

                             Part 3--Reports

Sec. 241. Report on oligarchs and parastatal entities of the Russian 
          Federation.
Sec. 242. Report on effects of expanding sanctions to include sovereign 
          debt and derivative products.
Sec. 243. Report on illicit finance relating to the Russian Federation.

     Subtitle B--Countering Russian Influence in Europe and Eurasia

Sec. 251. Findings.
Sec. 252. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 253. Statement of policy.
Sec. 254. Coordinating aid and assistance across Europe and Eurasia.
Sec. 255. Report on media organizations controlled and funded by the 
          Government of the Russian Federation.
Sec. 256. Report on Russian Federation influence on elections in Europe 
          and Eurasia.
Sec. 257. Ukranian energy security.
Sec. 258. Termination.
Sec. 259. Appropriate congressional committees defined.

          Subtitle C--Combating Terrorism and Illicit Financing

  Part 1--National Strategy for Combating Terrorist and Other Illicit 
                                Financing

Sec. 261. Development of national strategy.
Sec. 262. Contents of national strategy.

 Part 2--Enhancing Antiterrorism Tools of the Department of the Treasury

Sec. 271. Improving antiterror finance monitoring of funds transfers.
Sec. 272. Sense of Congress on international cooperation regarding 
          terrorist financing intelligence.
Sec. 273. Examining the counter-terror financing role of the Department 
          of the Treasury in embassies.
Sec. 274. Inclusion of Secretary of the Treasury on the National 
          Security Council.
Sec. 275. Inclusion of all funds.

                           Part 3--Definitions

Sec. 281. Definitions.

                    Subtitle D--Rule of Construction

Sec. 291. Rule of construction.
Sec. 292. Sense of Congress on the strategic importance of Article 5 of 
          the North Atlantic Treaty.

            TITLE III--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO NORTH KOREA

Sec. 301. Short title.
Sec. 302. Definitions.

 Subtitle A--Sanctions to Enforce and Implement United Nations Security 
                  Council Sanctions Against North Korea

Sec. 311. Modification and expansion of requirements for the designation 
          of persons.
Sec. 312. Prohibition on indirect correspondent accounts.
Sec. 313. Limitations on foreign assistance to noncompliant governments.
Sec. 314. Amendments to enhance inspection authorities.
Sec. 315. Enforcing compliance with United Nations shipping sanctions 
          against North Korea.
Sec. 316. Report on cooperation between North Korea and Iran.
Sec. 317. Report on implementation of United Nations Security Council 
          resolutions by other governments.
Sec. 318. Briefing on measures to deny specialized financial messaging 
          services to designated North Korean financial institutions.

    Subtitle B--Sanctions With Respect to Human Rights Abuses by the 
                        Government of North Korea

Sec. 321. Sanctions for forced labor and slavery overseas of North 
          Koreans.
Sec. 322. Modifications to sanctions suspension and waiver authorities.
Sec. 323. Reward for informants.
Sec. 324. Determination on designation of North Korea as a state sponsor 
          of terrorism.

                     Subtitle C--General Authorities

Sec. 331. Authority to consolidate reports.
Sec. 332. Rule of construction.
Sec. 333. Regulatory authority.
Sec. 334. Limitation on funds.

                TITLE I--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO IRAN

    SEC. 101. SHORT TITLE.
    This title may be cited as the ``Countering Iran's Destabilizing 
Activities Act of 2017''.
    SEC. 102. DEFINITIONS.
    In this title:
        (1) Act of international terrorism.--The term ``act of 
    international terrorism'' has the meaning given that term in 
    section 14 of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-172; 
    50 U.S.C. 1701 note).
        (2) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
    ``appropriate congressional committees'' has the meaning given that 
    term in section 14 of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Public Law 
    104-172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note).
        (3) Foreign person.--The term ``foreign person'' means a person 
    that is not a United States person.
        (4) Iranian person.--The term ``Iranian person'' means--
            (A) an individual who is a citizen or national of Iran; or
            (B) an entity organized under the laws of Iran or otherwise 
        subject to the jurisdiction of the Government of Iran.
        (5) IRGC.--The term ``IRGC'' means Iran's Islamic Revolutionary 
    Guard Corps.
        (6) Knowingly.--The term ``knowingly'' has the meaning given 
    that term in section 14 of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Public 
    Law 104-172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note).
        (7) United states person.--The term ``United States person'' 
    means--
            (A) a United States citizen or an alien lawfully admitted 
        for permanent residence to the United States; or
            (B) an entity organized under the laws of the United States 
        or of any jurisdiction within the United States, including a 
        foreign branch of such an entity.
    SEC. 103. REGIONAL STRATEGY FOR COUNTERING CONVENTIONAL AND 
      ASYMMETRIC IRANIAN THREATS IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and every 2 years thereafter, the Secretary of 
State, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Treasury, and the 
Director of National Intelligence shall jointly develop and submit to 
the appropriate congressional committees and leadership a strategy for 
deterring conventional and asymmetric Iranian activities and threats 
that directly threaten the United States and key allies in the Middle 
East, North Africa, and beyond.
    (b) Elements.--The strategy required by subsection (a) shall 
include at a minimum the following:
        (1) A summary of the near- and long-term United States 
    objectives, plans, and means for countering Iran's destabilizing 
    activities, including identification of countries that share the 
    objective of countering Iran's destabilizing activities.
        (2) A summary of the capabilities and contributions of 
    individual countries to shared efforts to counter Iran's 
    destabilizing activities, and a summary of additional actions or 
    contributions that each country could take to further contribute.
        (3) An assessment of Iran's conventional force capabilities and 
    an assessment of Iran's plans to upgrade its conventional force 
    capabilities, including its acquisition, development, and 
    deployment of ballistic and cruise missile capabilities, unmanned 
    aerial vehicles, and maritime offensive and anti-access or area 
    denial capabilities.
        (4) An assessment of Iran's chemical and biological weapons 
    capabilities and an assessment of Iranian plans to upgrade its 
    chemical or biological weapons capabilities.
        (5) An assessment of Iran's asymmetric activities in the 
    region, including--
            (A) the size, capabilities, and activities of the IRGC, 
        including the Quds Force;
            (B) the size, capabilities, and activities of Iran's cyber 
        operations;
            (C) the types and amount of support, including funding, 
        lethal and nonlethal contributions, and training, provided to 
        Hezbollah, Hamas, special groups in Iraq, the regime of Bashar 
        al-Assad in Syria, Houthi fighters in Yemen, and other violent 
        groups across the Middle East; and
            (D) the scope and objectives of Iran's information 
        operations and use of propaganda.
        (6) A summary of United States actions, unilaterally and in 
    cooperation with foreign governments, to counter destabilizing 
    Iranian activities, including--
            (A) interdiction of Iranian lethal arms bound for groups 
        designated as foreign terrorist organizations under section 219 
        of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1189);
            (B) Iran's interference in international commercial 
        shipping lanes;
            (C) attempts by Iran to undermine or subvert 
        internationally recognized governments in the Middle East 
        region; and
            (D) Iran's support for the regime of Bashar al-Assad in 
        Syria, including--
                (i) financial assistance, military equipment and 
            personnel, and other support provided to that regime; and
                (ii) support and direction to other armed actors that 
            are not Syrian or Iranian and are acting on behalf of that 
            regime.
    (c) Form of Strategy.--The strategy required by subsection (a) 
shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
annex.
    (d) Appropriate Congressional Committees and Leadership Defined.--
In this section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees and 
leadership'' means--
        (1) the Committee on Finance, the Committee on Banking, 
    Housing, and Urban Affairs, the Committee on Foreign Relations, and 
    the majority and minority leaders of the Senate; and
        (2) the Committee on Ways and Means, the Committee on Financial 
    Services, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and the Speaker, the 
    majority leader, and the minority leader of the House of 
    Representatives.
    SEC. 104. IMPOSITION OF ADDITIONAL SANCTIONS IN RESPONSE TO IRAN'S 
      BALLISTIC MISSILE PROGRAM.
    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of State should continue to 
implement Executive Order No. 13382 (50 U.S.C. 1701 note; relating to 
blocking property of weapons of mass destruction delivery system 
proliferators and their supporters).
    (b) Imposition of Sanctions.--The President shall impose the 
sanctions described in subsection (c) with respect to any person that 
the President determines, on or after the date of the enactment of this 
Act--
        (1) knowingly engages in any activity that materially 
    contributes to the activities of the Government of Iran with 
    respect to its ballistic missile program, or any other program in 
    Iran for developing, deploying, or maintaining systems capable of 
    delivering weapons of mass destruction, including any efforts to 
    manufacture, acquire, possess, develop, transport, transfer, or use 
    such capabilities;
        (2) is a successor entity to a person referred to in paragraph 
    (1);
        (3) owns or controls or is owned or controlled by a person 
    referred to in paragraph (1);
        (4) forms an entity with the purpose of evading sanctions that 
    would otherwise be imposed pursuant to paragraph (3);
        (5) is acting for or on behalf of a person referred to in 
    paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (4); or
        (6) knowingly provides or attempts to provide financial, 
    material, technological, or other support for, or goods or services 
    in support of, a person referred to in paragraph (1), (2), (3), (4) 
    or (5).
    (c) Sanctions Described.--The sanctions described in this 
subsection are the following:
        (1) Blocking of property.--The President shall block, in 
    accordance with the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 
    U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), all transactions in all property and 
    interests in property of any person subject to subsection (b) if 
    such property and interests in property are in the United States, 
    come within the United States, or are or come within the possession 
    or control of a United States person.
        (2) Exclusion from united states.--The Secretary of State shall 
    deny a visa to, and the Secretary of Homeland Security shall 
    exclude from the United States, any person subject to subsection 
    (b) that is an alien.
    (d) Penalties.--A person that violates, attempts to violate, 
conspires to violate, or causes a violation of subsection (c)(1) or any 
regulation, license, or order issued to carry out that subsection shall 
be subject to the penalties set forth in subsections (b) and (c) of 
section 206 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 
U.S.C. 1705) to the same extent as a person that commits an unlawful 
act described in subsection (a) of that section.
    (e) Report on Contributions to Iran's Ballistic Missile Program.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, and every 180 days thereafter, the President 
    shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report 
    describing each person that--
            (A) has, during the period specified in paragraph (2), 
        conducted any activity that has materially contributed to the 
        activities of the Government of Iran with respect to its 
        ballistic missile program, or any other program in Iran for 
        developing, deploying, or maintaining systems capable of 
        delivering weapons of mass destruction, including any efforts 
        to manufacture, acquire, possess, develop, transport, transfer, 
        or use such capabilities;
            (B) is a successor entity to a person referred to in 
        subparagraph (A);
            (C) owns or controls or is owned or controlled by a person 
        referred to in subparagraph (A);
            (D) forms an entity with the purpose of evading sanctions 
        that could be imposed as a result of a relationship described 
        in subparagraph (C);
            (E) is acting for or on behalf of a person referred to in 
        subparagraph (A), (B), (C), or (D); or
            (F) is known or believed to have provided, or attempted to 
        provide, during the period specified in paragraph (2), 
        financial, material, technological, or other support for, or 
        goods or services in support of, any material contribution to a 
        program described in subparagraph (A) carried out by a person 
        described in subparagraph (A), (B), (C), (D), or (E).
        (2) Period specified.--The period specified in this paragraph 
    is--
            (A) in the case of the first report submitted under 
        paragraph (1), the period beginning January 1, 2016, and ending 
        on the date the report is submitted; and
            (B) in the case of a subsequent such report, the 180-day 
        period preceding the submission of the report.
        (3) Form of report.--Each report required by paragraph (1) 
    shall be submitted in unclassified form but may include a 
    classified annex.
    SEC. 105. IMPOSITION OF TERRORISM-RELATED SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO 
      THE IRGC.
    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) The IRGC is subject to sanctions pursuant to Executive 
    Order No. 13382 (50 U.S.C. 1701 note; relating to blocking property 
    of weapons of mass destruction delivery system proliferators and 
    their supporters), the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
    Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8501 et 
    seq.), Executive Order No. 13553 (50 U.S.C. 1701 note; relating to 
    blocking property of certain persons with respect to serious human 
    rights abuses by the Government of Iran), and Executive Order No. 
    13606 (50 U.S.C. 1701 note; relating to blocking the property and 
    suspending entry into the United States of certain persons with 
    respect to grave human rights abuses by the Governments of Iran and 
    Syria via information technology).
        (2) The Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps-Quds Force (in this 
    section referred to as the ``IRGC-QF'') is the primary arm of the 
    Government of Iran for executing its policy of supporting terrorist 
    and insurgent groups. The IRGC-QF provides material, logistical 
    assistance, training, and financial support to militants and 
    terrorist operatives throughout the Middle East and South Asia and 
    was designated for the imposition of sanctions by the Secretary of 
    the Treasury pursuant to Executive Order No. 13224 (50 U.S.C. 1701 
    note; relating to blocking property and prohibiting transactions 
    with persons who commit, threaten to commit, or support terrorism) 
    in October 2007 for its support of terrorism.
        (3) The IRGC, not just the IRGC-QF, is responsible for 
    implementing Iran's international program of destabilizing 
    activities, support for acts of international terrorism, and 
    ballistic missile program.
    (b) In General.--Beginning on the date that is 90 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall impose the 
sanctions described in subsection (c) with respect to the IRGC and 
foreign persons that are officials, agents, or affiliates of the IRGC.
    (c) Sanctions Described.--The sanctions described in this 
subsection are sanctions applicable with respect to a foreign person 
pursuant to Executive Order No. 13224 (50 U.S.C. 1701 note; relating to 
blocking property and prohibiting transactions with persons who commit, 
threaten to commit, or support terrorism).
    SEC. 106. IMPOSITION OF ADDITIONAL SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO 
      PERSONS RESPONSIBLE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary of State 
shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a list of each 
person the Secretary determines, based on credible evidence, on or 
after the date of the enactment of this Act--
        (1) is responsible for extrajudicial killings, torture, or 
    other gross violations of internationally recognized human rights 
    committed against individuals in Iran who seek--
            (A) to expose illegal activity carried out by officials of 
        the Government of Iran; or
            (B) to obtain, exercise, defend, or promote internationally 
        recognized human rights and freedoms, such as the freedoms of 
        religion, expression, association, and assembly, and the rights 
        to a fair trial and democratic elections; or
        (2) acts as an agent of or on behalf of a foreign person in a 
    matter relating to an activity described in paragraph (1).
    (b) Sanctions Described.--
        (1) In general.--The President may, in accordance with the 
    International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et 
    seq.), block all transactions in all property and interests in 
    property of a person on the list required by subsection (a) if such 
    property and interests in property are in the United States, come 
    within the United States, or are or come within the possession or 
    control of a United States person.
        (2) Penalties.--A person that violates, attempts to violate, 
    conspires to violate, or causes a violation of paragraph (1) or any 
    regulation, license, or order issued to carry out paragraph (1) 
    shall be subject to the penalties set forth in subsections (b) and 
    (c) of section 206 of the International Emergency Economic Powers 
    Act (50 U.S.C. 1705) to the same extent as a person that commits an 
    unlawful act described in subsection (a) of that section.
    SEC. 107. ENFORCEMENT OF ARMS EMBARGOS.
    (a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (d), the 
President shall impose the sanctions described in subsection (b) with 
respect to any person that the President determines--
        (1) knowingly engages in any activity that materially 
    contributes to the supply, sale, or transfer directly or indirectly 
    to or from Iran, or for the use in or benefit of Iran, of any 
    battle tanks, armored combat vehicles, large caliber artillery 
    systems, combat aircraft, attack helicopters, warships, missiles or 
    missile systems, as defined for the purpose of the United Nations 
    Register of Conventional Arms, or related materiel, including spare 
    parts; or
        (2) knowingly provides to Iran any technical training, 
    financial resources or services, advice, other services or 
    assistance related to the supply, sale, transfer, manufacture, 
    maintenance, or use of arms and related materiel described in 
    paragraph (1).
    (b) Sanctions Described.--
        (1) Blocking of property.--The President shall block, in 
    accordance with the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 
    U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), all transactions in all property and 
    interests in property of any person subject to subsection (a) if 
    such property and interests in property are in the United States, 
    come within the United States, or are or come within the possession 
    or control of a United States person.
        (2) Exclusion from united states.--The Secretary of State shall 
    deny a visa to, and the Secretary of Homeland Security shall 
    exclude from the United States, any person subject to subsection 
    (a) that is an alien.
    (c) Penalties.--A person that violates, attempts to violate, 
conspires to violate, or causes a violation of subsection (b)(1) or any 
regulation, license, or order issued to carry out that subsection shall 
be subject to the penalties set forth in subsections (b) and (c) of 
section 206 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 
U.S.C. 1705) to the same extent as a person that commits an unlawful 
act described in subsection (a) of that section.
    (d) Exception.--The President is not required to impose sanctions 
under subsection (a) with respect to a person for engaging in an 
activity described in that subsection if the President certifies to the 
appropriate congressional committees that--
        (1) permitting the activity is in the national security 
    interest of the United States;
        (2) Iran no longer presents a significant threat to the 
    national security of the United States and to the allies of the 
    United States; and
        (3) the Government of Iran has ceased providing operational or 
    financial support for acts of international terrorism and no longer 
    satisfies the requirements for designation as a state sponsor of 
    terrorism.
    (e) State Sponsor of Terrorism Defined.--In this section, the term 
``state sponsor of terrorism'' means a country the government of which 
the Secretary of State has determined to be a government that has 
repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism for 
purposes of--
        (1) section 6(j)(1)(A) of the Export Administration Act of 1979 
    (50 U.S.C. 4605(j)(1)(A)) (as continued in effect pursuant to the 
    International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et 
    seq.));
        (2) section 620A(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 
    U.S.C. 2371(a));
        (3) section 40(d) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 
    2780(d)); or
        (4) any other provision of law.
    SEC. 108. REVIEW OF APPLICABILITY OF SANCTIONS RELATING TO IRAN'S 
      SUPPORT FOR TERRORISM AND ITS BALLISTIC MISSILE PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 5 years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the President shall conduct a review of all 
persons on the list of specially designated nationals and blocked 
persons maintained by the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the 
Department of the Treasury for activities relating to Iran--
        (1) to assess the conduct of such persons as that conduct 
    relates to--
            (A) any activity that materially contributes to the 
        activities of the Government of Iran with respect to its 
        ballistic missile program; or
            (B) support by the Government of Iran for acts of 
        international terrorism; and
        (2) to determine the applicability of sanctions with respect to 
    such persons under--
            (A) Executive Order No. 13382 (50 U.S.C. 1701 note; 
        relating to blocking property of weapons of mass destruction 
        delivery system proliferators and their supporters); or
            (B) Executive Order No. 13224 (50 U.S.C. 1701 note; 
        relating to blocking property and prohibiting transactions with 
        persons who commit, threaten to commit, or support terrorism).
    (b) Implementation of Sanctions.--If the President determines under 
subsection (a) that sanctions under an Executive order specified in 
paragraph (2) of that subsection are applicable with respect to a 
person, the President shall--
        (1) impose sanctions with respect to that person pursuant to 
    that Executive order; or
        (2) exercise the waiver authority provided under section 112.
    SEC. 109. REPORT ON COORDINATION OF SANCTIONS BETWEEN THE UNITED 
      STATES AND THE EUROPEAN UNION.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and every 180 days thereafter, the President 
shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report that 
includes the following:
        (1) A description of each instance, during the period specified 
    in subsection (b)--
            (A) in which the United States has imposed sanctions with 
        respect to a person for activity related to the proliferation 
        of weapons of mass destruction or delivery systems for such 
        weapons to or by Iran, support for acts of international 
        terrorism by Iran, or human rights abuses in Iran, but in which 
        the European Union has not imposed corresponding sanctions; and
            (B) in which the European Union has imposed sanctions with 
        respect to a person for activity related to the proliferation 
        of weapons of mass destruction or delivery systems for such 
        weapons to or by Iran, support for acts of international 
        terrorism by Iran, or human rights abuses in Iran, but in which 
        the United States has not imposed corresponding sanctions.
        (2) An explanation for the reason for each discrepancy between 
    sanctions imposed by the European Union and sanctions imposed by 
    the United States described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of 
    paragraph (1).
    (b) Period Specified.--The period specified in this subsection is--
        (1) in the case of the first report submitted under subsection 
    (a), the period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act 
    and ending on the date the report is submitted; and
        (2) in the case of a subsequent such report, the 180-day period 
    preceding the submission of the report.
    (c) Form of Report.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form but may include a classified annex.
    SEC. 110. REPORT ON UNITED STATES CITIZENS DETAINED BY IRAN.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and every 180 days thereafter, the President 
shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees and leadership 
a report on United States citizens, including United States citizens 
who are also citizens of other countries, detained by Iran or groups 
supported by Iran that includes--
        (1) information regarding any officials of the Government of 
    Iran involved in any way in the detentions; and
        (2) a summary of efforts the United States Government has taken 
    to secure the swift release of those United States citizens.
    (b) Form of Report.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees and Leadership Defined.--
In this section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees and 
leadership'' means--
        (1) the Committee on Finance, the Committee on Banking, 
    Housing, and Urban Affairs, the Committee on Foreign Relations, and 
    the majority and minority leaders of the Senate; and
        (2) the Committee on Ways and Means, the Committee on Financial 
    Services, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and the Speaker, the 
    majority leader, and the minority leader of the House of 
    Representatives.
    SEC. 111. EXCEPTIONS FOR NATIONAL SECURITY AND HUMANITARIAN 
      ASSISTANCE; RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.
    (a) In General.--The following activities shall be exempt from 
sanctions under sections 104, 105, 106, and 107:
        (1) Any activity subject to the reporting requirements under 
    title V of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3091 et 
    seq.), or to any authorized intelligence activities of the United 
    States.
        (2) The admission of an alien to the United States if such 
    admission is necessary to comply with United States obligations 
    under the Agreement between the United Nations and the United 
    States of America regarding the Headquarters of the United Nations, 
    signed at Lake Success June 26, 1947, and entered into force 
    November 21, 1947, or under the Convention on Consular Relations, 
    done at Vienna April 24, 1963, and entered into force March 19, 
    1967, or other applicable international obligations of the United 
    States.
        (3) The conduct or facilitation of a transaction for the sale 
    of agricultural commodities, food, medicine, or medical devices to 
    Iran or for the provision of humanitarian assistance to the people 
    of Iran, including engaging in a financial transaction relating to 
    humanitarian assistance or for humanitarian purposes or 
    transporting goods or services that are necessary to carry out 
    operations relating to humanitarian assistance or humanitarian 
    purposes.
    (b) Implementation.--The President may exercise all authorities 
provided under sections 203 and 205 of the International Emergency 
Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702 and 1704) to carry out this Act.
    (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this Act shall be construed 
to limit the authority of the President under the International 
Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Agricultural commodity.--The term ``agricultural 
    commodity'' has the meaning given that term in section 102 of the 
    Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5602).
        (2) Good.--The term ``good'' has the meaning given that term in 
    section 16 of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. 
    4618) (as continued in effect pursuant to the International 
    Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.)).
        (3) Medical device.--The term ``medical device'' has the 
    meaning given the term ``device'' in section 201 of the Federal 
    Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321).
        (4) Medicine.--The term ``medicine'' has the meaning given the 
    term ``drug'' in section 201 of the Federal Food, Drug, and 
    Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321).
    SEC. 112. PRESIDENTIAL WAIVER AUTHORITY.
    (a) Case-by-Case Waiver Authority.--
        (1) In general.--The President may waive, on a case-by-case 
    basis and for a period of not more than 180 days, a requirement 
    under section 104, 105, 106, 107, or 108 to impose or maintain 
    sanctions with respect to a person, and may waive the continued 
    imposition of such sanctions, not less than 30 days after the 
    President determines and reports to the appropriate congressional 
    committees that it is vital to the national security interests of 
    the United States to waive such sanctions.
        (2) Renewal of waivers.--The President may, on a case-by-case 
    basis, renew a waiver under paragraph (1) for an additional period 
    of not more than 180 days if, not later than 15 days before that 
    waiver expires, the President makes the determination and submits 
    to the appropriate congressional committees a report described in 
    paragraph (1).
        (3) Successive renewal.--The renewal authority provided under 
    paragraph (2) may be exercised for additional successive periods of 
    not more than 180 days if the President follows the procedures set 
    forth in paragraph (2), and submits the report described in 
    paragraph (1), for each such renewal.
    (b) Contents of Waiver Reports.--Each report submitted under 
subsection (a) in connection with a waiver of sanctions under section 
104, 105, 106, 107, or 108 with respect to a person, or the renewal of 
such a waiver, shall include--
        (1) a specific and detailed rationale for the determination 
    that the waiver is vital to the national security interests of the 
    United States;
        (2) a description of the activity that resulted in the person 
    being subject to sanctions;
        (3) an explanation of any efforts made by the United States, as 
    applicable, to secure the cooperation of the government with 
    primary jurisdiction over the person or the location where the 
    activity described in paragraph (2) occurred in terminating or, as 
    appropriate, penalizing the activity; and
        (4) an assessment of the significance of the activity described 
    in paragraph (2) in contributing to the ability of Iran to threaten 
    the interests of the United States or allies of the United States, 
    develop systems capable of delivering weapons of mass destruction, 
    support acts of international terrorism, or violate the human 
    rights of any person in Iran.
    (c) Effect of Report on Waiver.--If the President submits a report 
under subsection (a) in connection with a waiver of sanctions under 
section 104, 105, 106, 107, or 108 with respect to a person, or the 
renewal of such a waiver, the President shall not be required to impose 
or maintain sanctions under section 104, 105, 106, 107, or 108, as 
applicable, with respect to the person described in the report during 
the 30-day period referred to in subsection (a).

    TITLE II--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND 
               COMBATING TERRORISM AND ILLICIT FINANCING

    SEC. 201. SHORT TITLE.
    This title may be cited as the ``Countering Russian Influence in 
Europe and Eurasia Act of 2017''.

 Subtitle A--Sanctions and Other Measures With Respect to the Russian 
                               Federation

    SEC. 211. FINDINGS.
    Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) On March 6, 2014, President Barack Obama issued Executive 
    Order No. 13660 (79 Fed. Reg. 13493; relating to blocking property 
    of certain persons contributing to the situation in Ukraine), which 
    authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the 
    Secretary of State, to impose sanctions on those determined to be 
    undermining democratic processes and institutions in Ukraine or 
    threatening the peace, security, stability, sovereignty, and 
    territorial integrity of Ukraine. President Obama subsequently 
    issued Executive Order No. 13661 (79 Fed. Reg. 15535; relating to 
    blocking property of additional persons contributing to the 
    situation in Ukraine) and Executive Order No. 13662 (79 Fed. Reg. 
    16169; relating to blocking property of additional persons 
    contributing to the situation in Ukraine) to expand sanctions on 
    certain persons contributing to the situation in Ukraine.
        (2) On December 18, 2014, the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 
    2014 was enacted (Public Law 113-272; 22 U.S.C. 8921 et seq.), 
    which includes provisions directing the President to impose 
    sanctions on foreign persons that the President determines to be 
    entities owned or controlled by the Government of the Russian 
    Federation or nationals of the Russian Federation that manufacture, 
    sell, transfer, or otherwise provide certain defense articles into 
    Syria.
        (3) On April 1, 2015, President Obama issued Executive Order 
    No. 13694 (80 Fed. Reg. 18077; relating to blocking the property of 
    certain persons engaging in significant malicious cyber-enabled 
    activities), which authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury, in 
    consultation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of State, 
    to impose sanctions on persons determined to be engaged in 
    malicious cyber-hacking.
        (4) On July 26, 2016, President Obama approved a Presidential 
    Policy Directive on United States Cyber Incident Coordination, 
    which states, ``certain cyber incidents that have significant 
    impacts on an entity, our national security, or the broader economy 
    require a unique approach to response efforts''.
        (5) On December 29, 2016, President Obama issued an annex to 
    Executive Order No. 13694, which authorized sanctions on the 
    following entities and individuals:
            (A) The Main Intelligence Directorate (also known as 
        Glavnoe Razvedyvatel'noe Upravlenie or the GRU) in Moscow, 
        Russian Federation.
            (B) The Federal Security Service (also known as Federalnaya 
        Sluzhba Bezopasnosti or the FSB) in Moscow, Russian Federation.
            (C) The Special Technology Center (also known as STLC, Ltd. 
        Special Technology Center St. Petersburg) in St. Petersburg, 
        Russian Federation.
            (D) Zorsecurity (also known as Esage Lab) in Moscow, 
        Russian Federation.
            (E) The autonomous noncommercial organization known as the 
        Professional Association of Designers of Data Processing 
        Systems (also known as ANO PO KSI) in Moscow, Russian 
        Federation.
            (F) Igor Valentinovich Korobov.
            (G) Sergey Aleksandrovich Gizunov.
            (H) Igor Olegovich Kostyukov.
            (I) Vladimir Stepanovich Alexseyev.
        (6) On January 6, 2017, an assessment of the United States 
    intelligence community entitled, ``Assessing Russian Activities and 
    Intentions in Recent U.S. Elections'' stated, ``Russian President 
    Vladimir Putin ordered an influence campaign in 2016 aimed at the 
    United States presidential election.'' The assessment warns that 
    ``Moscow will apply lessons learned from its Putin-ordered campaign 
    aimed at the U.S. Presidential election to future influence efforts 
    worldwide, including against U.S. allies and their election 
    processes''.
    SEC. 212. SENSE OF CONGRESS.
    It is the sense of Congress that the President--
        (1) should continue to uphold and seek unity with European and 
    other key partners on sanctions implemented against the Russian 
    Federation, which have been effective and instrumental in 
    countering Russian aggression in Ukraine;
        (2) should engage to the fullest extent possible with partner 
    governments with regard to closing loopholes, including the 
    allowance of extended prepayment for the delivery of goods and 
    commodities and other loopholes, in multilateral and unilateral 
    restrictive measures against the Russian Federation, with the aim 
    of maximizing alignment of those measures; and
        (3) should increase efforts to vigorously enforce compliance 
    with sanctions in place as of the date of the enactment of this Act 
    with respect to the Russian Federation in response to the crisis in 
    eastern Ukraine, cyber intrusions and attacks, and human rights 
    violators in the Russian Federation.

 PART 1--CONGRESSIONAL REVIEW OF SANCTIONS IMPOSED WITH RESPECT TO THE 
                           RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    SEC. 215. SHORT TITLE.
    This part may be cited as the ``Russia Sanctions Review Act of 
2017''.
    SEC. 216. CONGRESSIONAL REVIEW OF CERTAIN ACTIONS RELATING TO 
      SANCTIONS IMPOSED WITH RESPECT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.
    (a) Submission to Congress of Proposed Action.--
        (1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
    before taking any action described in paragraph (2), the President 
    shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees and 
    leadership a report that describes the proposed action and the 
    reasons for that action.
        (2) Actions described.--
            (A) In general.--An action described in this paragraph is--
                (i) an action to terminate the application of any 
            sanctions described in subparagraph (B);
                (ii) with respect to sanctions described in 
            subparagraph (B) imposed by the President with respect to a 
            person, an action to waive the application of those 
            sanctions with respect to that person; or
                (iii) a licensing action that significantly alters 
            United States' foreign policy with regard to the Russian 
            Federation.
            (B) Sanctions described.--The sanctions described in this 
        subparagraph are--
                (i) sanctions provided for under--

                    (I) this title or any provision of law amended by 
                this title, including the Executive orders codified 
                under section 222;
                    (II) the Support for the Sovereignty, Integrity, 
                Democracy, and Economic Stability of Ukraine Act of 
                2014 (22 U.S.C. 8901 et seq.); or
                    (III) the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014 (22 
                U.S.C. 8921 et seq.); and

                (ii) the prohibition on access to the properties of the 
            Government of the Russian Federation located in Maryland 
            and New York that the President ordered vacated on December 
            29, 2016.
        (3) Description of type of action.--Each report submitted under 
    paragraph (1) with respect to an action described in paragraph (2) 
    shall include a description of whether the action--
            (A) is not intended to significantly alter United States 
        foreign policy with regard to the Russian Federation; or
            (B) is intended to significantly alter United States 
        foreign policy with regard to the Russian Federation.
        (4) Inclusion of additional matter.--
            (A) In general.--Each report submitted under paragraph (1) 
        that relates to an action that is intended to significantly 
        alter United States foreign policy with regard to the Russian 
        Federation shall include a description of--
                (i) the significant alteration to United States foreign 
            policy with regard to the Russian Federation;
                (ii) the anticipated effect of the action on the 
            national security interests of the United States; and
                (iii) the policy objectives for which the sanctions 
            affected by the action were initially imposed.
            (B) Requests from banking and financial services 
        committees.--The Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban 
        Affairs of the Senate or the Committee on Financial Services of 
        the House of Representatives may request the submission to the 
        Committee of the matter described in clauses (ii) and (iii) of 
        subparagraph (A) with respect to a report submitted under 
        paragraph (1) that relates to an action that is not intended to 
        significantly alter United States foreign policy with regard to 
        the Russian Federation.
        (5) Confidentiality of proprietary information.--Proprietary 
    information that can be associated with a particular person with 
    respect to an action described in paragraph (2) may be included in 
    a report submitted under paragraph (1) only if the appropriate 
    congressional committees and leadership provide assurances of 
    confidentiality, unless such person otherwise consents in writing 
    to such disclosure.
        (6) Rule of construction.--Paragraph (2)(A)(iii) shall not be 
    construed to require the submission of a report under paragraph (1) 
    with respect to the routine issuance of a license that does not 
    significantly alter United States foreign policy with regard to the 
    Russian Federation.
    (b) Period for Review by Congress.--
        (1) In general.--During the period of 30 calendar days 
    beginning on the date on which the President submits a report under 
    subsection (a)(1)--
            (A) in the case of a report that relates to an action that 
        is not intended to significantly alter United States foreign 
        policy with regard to the Russian Federation, the Committee on 
        Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate and the 
        Committee on Financial Services of the House of Representatives 
        should, as appropriate, hold hearings and briefings and 
        otherwise obtain information in order to fully review the 
        report; and
            (B) in the case of a report that relates to an action that 
        is intended to significantly alter United States foreign policy 
        with regard to the Russian Federation, the Committee on Foreign 
        Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of 
        the House of Representatives should, as appropriate, hold 
        hearings and briefings and otherwise obtain information in 
        order to fully review the report.
        (2) Exception.--The period for congressional review under 
    paragraph (1) of a report required to be submitted under subsection 
    (a)(1) shall be 60 calendar days if the report is submitted on or 
    after July 10 and on or before September 7 in any calendar year.
        (3) Limitation on actions during initial congressional review 
    period.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, during the 
    period for congressional review provided for under paragraph (1) of 
    a report submitted under subsection (a)(1) proposing an action 
    described in subsection (a)(2), including any additional period for 
    such review as applicable under the exception provided in paragraph 
    (2), the President may not take that action unless a joint 
    resolution of approval with respect to that action is enacted in 
    accordance with subsection (c).
        (4) Limitation on actions during presidential consideration of 
    a joint resolution of disapproval.--Notwithstanding any other 
    provision of law, if a joint resolution of disapproval relating to 
    a report submitted under subsection (a)(1) proposing an action 
    described in subsection (a)(2) passes both Houses of Congress in 
    accordance with subsection (c), the President may not take that 
    action for a period of 12 calendar days after the date of passage 
    of the joint resolution of disapproval.
        (5) Limitation on actions during congressional reconsideration 
    of a joint resolution of disapproval.--Notwithstanding any other 
    provision of law, if a joint resolution of disapproval relating to 
    a report submitted under subsection (a)(1) proposing an action 
    described in subsection (a)(2) passes both Houses of Congress in 
    accordance with subsection (c), and the President vetoes the joint 
    resolution, the President may not take that action for a period of 
    10 calendar days after the date of the President's veto.
        (6) Effect of enactment of a joint resolution of disapproval.--
    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if a joint resolution 
    of disapproval relating to a report submitted under subsection 
    (a)(1) proposing an action described in subsection (a)(2) is 
    enacted in accordance with subsection (c), the President may not 
    take that action.
    (c) Joint Resolutions of Disapproval or Approval Defined.--In this 
subsection:
        (1) Joint resolution of approval.--The term ``joint resolution 
    of approval'' means only a joint resolution of either House of 
    Congress--
            (A) the title of which is as follows: ``A joint resolution 
        approving the President's proposal to take an action relating 
        to the application of certain sanctions with respect to the 
        Russian Federation.''; and
            (B) the sole matter after the resolving clause of which is 
        the following: ``Congress approves of the action relating to 
        the application of sanctions imposed with respect to the 
        Russian Federation proposed by the President in the report 
        submitted to Congress under section 216(a)(1) of the Russia 
        Sanctions Review Act of 2017 on _______ relating to 
        ________.'', with the first blank space being filled with the 
        appropriate date and the second blank space being filled with a 
        short description of the proposed action.
        (2) Joint resolution of disapproval.--The term ``joint 
    resolution of disapproval'' means only a joint resolution of either 
    House of Congress--
            (A) the title of which is as follows: ``A joint resolution 
        disapproving the President's proposal to take an action 
        relating to the application of certain sanctions with respect 
        to the Russian Federation.''; and
            (B) the sole matter after the resolving clause of which is 
        the following: ``Congress disapproves of the action relating to 
        the application of sanctions imposed with respect to the 
        Russian Federation proposed by the President in the report 
        submitted to Congress under section 216(a)(1) of the Russia 
        Sanctions Review Act of 2017 on _______ relating to 
        ________.'', with the first blank space being filled with the 
        appropriate date and the second blank space being filled with a 
        short description of the proposed action.
        (3) Introduction.--During the period of 30 calendar days 
    provided for under subsection (b)(1), including any additional 
    period as applicable under the exception provided in subsection 
    (b)(2), a joint resolution of approval or joint resolution of 
    disapproval may be introduced--
            (A) in the House of Representatives, by the majority leader 
        or the minority leader; and
            (B) in the Senate, by the majority leader (or the majority 
        leader's designee) or the minority leader (or the minority 
        leader's designee).
        (4) Floor consideration in house of representatives.--If a 
    committee of the House of Representatives to which a joint 
    resolution of approval or joint resolution of disapproval has been 
    referred has not reported the joint resolution within 10 calendar 
    days after the date of referral, that committee shall be discharged 
    from further consideration of the joint resolution.
        (5) Consideration in the senate.--
            (A) Committee referral.--A joint resolution of approval or 
        joint resolution of disapproval introduced in the Senate shall 
        be--
                (i) referred to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and 
            Urban Affairs if the joint resolution relates to a report 
            under subsection (a)(3)(A) that relates to an action that 
            is not intended to significantly alter United States 
            foreign policy with regard to the Russian Federation; and
                (ii) referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations if 
            the joint resolution relates to a report under subsection 
            (a)(3)(B) that relates to an action that is intended to 
            significantly alter United States foreign policy with 
            respect to the Russian Federation.
            (B) Reporting and discharge.--If the committee to which a 
        joint resolution of approval or joint resolution of disapproval 
        was referred has not reported the joint resolution within 10 
        calendar days after the date of referral of the joint 
        resolution, that committee shall be discharged from further 
        consideration of the joint resolution and the joint resolution 
        shall be placed on the appropriate calendar.
            (C) Proceeding to consideration.--Notwithstanding Rule XXII 
        of the Standing Rules of the Senate, it is in order at any time 
        after the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs or 
        the Committee on Foreign Relations, as the case may be, reports 
        a joint resolution of approval or joint resolution of 
        disapproval to the Senate or has been discharged from 
        consideration of such a joint resolution (even though a 
        previous motion to the same effect has been disagreed to) to 
        move to proceed to the consideration of the joint resolution, 
        and all points of order against the joint resolution (and 
        against consideration of the joint resolution) are waived. The 
        motion to proceed is not debatable. The motion is not subject 
        to a motion to postpone. A motion to reconsider the vote by 
        which the motion is agreed to or disagreed to shall not be in 
        order.
            (D) Rulings of the chair on procedure.--Appeals from the 
        decisions of the Chair relating to the application of the rules 
        of the Senate, as the case may be, to the procedure relating to 
        a joint resolution of approval or joint resolution of 
        disapproval shall be decided without debate.
            (E) Consideration of veto messages.--Debate in the Senate 
        of any veto message with respect to a joint resolution of 
        approval or joint resolution of disapproval, including all 
        debatable motions and appeals in connection with the joint 
        resolution, shall be limited to 10 hours, to be equally divided 
        between, and controlled by, the majority leader and the 
        minority leader or their designees.
        (6) Rules relating to senate and house of representatives.--
            (A) Treatment of senate joint resolution in house.--In the 
        House of Representatives, the following procedures shall apply 
        to a joint resolution of approval or a joint resolution of 
        disapproval received from the Senate (unless the House has 
        already passed a joint resolution relating to the same proposed 
        action):
                (i) The joint resolution shall be referred to the 
            appropriate committees.
                (ii) If a committee to which a joint resolution has 
            been referred has not reported the joint resolution within 
            2 calendar days after the date of referral, that committee 
            shall be discharged from further consideration of the joint 
            resolution.
                (iii) Beginning on the third legislative day after each 
            committee to which a joint resolution has been referred 
            reports the joint resolution to the House or has been 
            discharged from further consideration thereof, it shall be 
            in order to move to proceed to consider the joint 
            resolution in the House. All points of order against the 
            motion are waived. Such a motion shall not be in order 
            after the House has disposed of a motion to proceed on the 
            joint resolution. The previous question shall be considered 
            as ordered on the motion to its adoption without 
            intervening motion. The motion shall not be debatable. A 
            motion to reconsider the vote by which the motion is 
            disposed of shall not be in order.
                (iv) The joint resolution shall be considered as read. 
            All points of order against the joint resolution and 
            against its consideration are waived. The previous question 
            shall be considered as ordered on the joint resolution to 
            final passage without intervening motion except 2 hours of 
            debate equally divided and controlled by the sponsor of the 
            joint resolution (or a designee) and an opponent. A motion 
            to reconsider the vote on passage of the joint resolution 
            shall not be in order.
            (B) Treatment of house joint resolution in senate.--
                (i) If, before the passage by the Senate of a joint 
            resolution of approval or joint resolution of disapproval, 
            the Senate receives an identical joint resolution from the 
            House of Representatives, the following procedures shall 
            apply:

                    (I) That joint resolution shall not be referred to 
                a committee.
                    (II) With respect to that joint resolution--

                        (aa) the procedure in the Senate shall be the 
                    same as if no joint resolution had been received 
                    from the House of Representatives; but
                        (bb) the vote on passage shall be on the joint 
                    resolution from the House of Representatives.
                (ii) If, following passage of a joint resolution of 
            approval or joint resolution of disapproval in the Senate, 
            the Senate receives an identical joint resolution from the 
            House of Representatives, that joint resolution shall be 
            placed on the appropriate Senate calendar.
                (iii) If a joint resolution of approval or a joint 
            resolution of disapproval is received from the House, and 
            no companion joint resolution has been introduced in the 
            Senate, the Senate procedures under this subsection shall 
            apply to the House joint resolution.
            (C) Application to revenue measures.--The provisions of 
        this paragraph shall not apply in the House of Representatives 
        to a joint resolution of approval or joint resolution of 
        disapproval that is a revenue measure.
        (7) Rules of house of representatives and senate.--This 
    subsection is enacted by Congress--
            (A) as an exercise of the rulemaking power of the Senate 
        and the House of Representatives, respectively, and as such is 
        deemed a part of the rules of each House, respectively, and 
        supersedes other rules only to the extent that it is 
        inconsistent with such rules; and
            (B) with full recognition of the constitutional right of 
        either House to change the rules (so far as relating to the 
        procedure of that House) at any time, in the same manner, and 
        to the same extent as in the case of any other rule of that 
        House.
    (d) Appropriate Congressional Committees and Leadership Defined.--
In this section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees and 
leadership'' means--
        (1) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, the 
    Committee on Foreign Relations, and the majority and minority 
    leaders of the Senate; and
        (2) the Committee on Financial Services, the Committee on 
    Foreign Affairs, and the Speaker, the majority leader, and the 
    minority leader of the House of Representatives.

        PART 2--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    SEC. 221. DEFINITIONS.
    In this part:
        (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
    ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, 
        the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the Committee on 
        Finance of the Senate; and
            (B) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on 
        Financial Services, and the Committee on Ways and Means of the 
        House of Representatives.
        (2) Good.--The term ``good'' has the meaning given that term in 
    section 16 of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. 
    4618) (as continued in effect pursuant to the International 
    Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.)).
        (3) International financial institution.--The term 
    ``international financial institution'' has the meaning given that 
    term in section 1701(c) of the International Financial Institutions 
    Act (22 U.S.C. 262r(c)).
        (4) Knowingly.--The term ``knowingly'', with respect to 
    conduct, a circumstance, or a result, means that a person has 
    actual knowledge, or should have known, of the conduct, the 
    circumstance, or the result.
        (5) Person.--The term ``person'' means an individual or entity.
        (6) United states person.--The term ``United States person'' 
    means--
            (A) a United States citizen or an alien lawfully admitted 
        for permanent residence to the United States; or
            (B) an entity organized under the laws of the United States 
        or of any jurisdiction within the United States, including a 
        foreign branch of such an entity.
    SEC. 222. CODIFICATION OF SANCTIONS RELATING TO THE RUSSIAN 
      FEDERATION.
    (a) Codification.--United States sanctions provided for in 
Executive Order No. 13660 (79 Fed. Reg. 13493; relating to blocking 
property of certain persons contributing to the situation in Ukraine), 
Executive Order No. 13661 (79 Fed. Reg. 15535; relating to blocking 
property of additional persons contributing to the situation in 
Ukraine), Executive Order No. 13662 (79 Fed. Reg. 16169; relating to 
blocking property of additional persons contributing to the situation 
in Ukraine), Executive Order No. 13685 (79 Fed. Reg. 77357; relating to 
blocking property of certain persons and prohibiting certain 
transactions with respect to the Crimea region of Ukraine), Executive 
Order No. 13694 (80 Fed. Reg. 18077; relating to blocking the property 
of certain persons engaging in significant malicious cyber-enabled 
activities), and Executive Order No. 13757 (82 Fed. Reg. 1; relating to 
taking additional steps to address the national emergency with respect 
to significant malicious cyber-enabled activities), as in effect on the 
day before the date of the enactment of this Act, including with 
respect to all persons sanctioned under such Executive orders, shall 
remain in effect except as provided in subsection (b).
    (b) Termination of Certain Sanctions.--Subject to section 216, the 
President may terminate the application of sanctions described in 
subsection (a) that are imposed on a person in connection with activity 
conducted by the person if the President submits to the appropriate 
congressional committees a notice that--
        (1) the person is not engaging in the activity that was the 
    basis for the sanctions or has taken significant verifiable steps 
    toward stopping the activity; and
        (2) the President has received reliable assurances that the 
    person will not knowingly engage in activity subject to sanctions 
    described in subsection (a) in the future.
    (c) Application of New Cyber Sanctions.--The President may waive 
the initial application under subsection (a) of sanctions with respect 
to a person under Executive Order No. 13694 or 13757 only if the 
President submits to the appropriate congressional committees--
        (1) a written determination that the waiver--
            (A) is in the vital national security interests of the 
        United States; or
            (B) will further the enforcement of this title; and
        (2) a certification that the Government of the Russian 
    Federation has made significant efforts to reduce the number and 
    intensity of cyber intrusions conducted by that Government.
    (d) Application of New Ukraine-Related Sanctions.--The President 
may waive the initial application under subsection (a) of sanctions 
with respect to a person under Executive Order No. 13660, 13661, 13662, 
or 13685 only if the President submits to the appropriate congressional 
committees--
        (1) a written determination that the waiver--
            (A) is in the vital national security interests of the 
        United States; or
            (B) will further the enforcement of this title; and
        (2) a certification that the Government of the Russian 
    Federation is taking steps to implement the Minsk Agreement to 
    address the ongoing conflict in eastern Ukraine, signed in Minsk, 
    Belarus, on February 11, 2015, by the leaders of Ukraine, Russia, 
    France, and Germany, the Minsk Protocol, which was agreed to on 
    September 5, 2014, and any successor agreements that are agreed to 
    by the Government of Ukraine.
    SEC. 223. MODIFICATION OF IMPLEMENTATION OF EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 
      13662.
    (a) Determination That Certain Entities Are Subject to Sanctions.--
The Secretary of the Treasury may determine that a person meets one or 
more of the criteria in section 1(a) of Executive Order No. 13662 if 
that person is a state-owned entity operating in the railway or metals 
and mining sector of the economy of the Russian Federation.
    (b) Modification of Directive 1 With Respect to the Financial 
Services Sector of the Russian Federation Economy.--Not later than 60 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the 
Treasury shall modify Directive 1 (as amended), dated September 12, 
2014, issued by the Office of Foreign Assets Control under Executive 
Order No. 13662, or any successor directive (which shall be effective 
beginning on the date that is 60 days after the date of such 
modification), to ensure that the directive prohibits the conduct by 
United States persons or persons within the United States of all 
transactions in, provision of financing for, and other dealings in new 
debt of longer than 14 days maturity or new equity of persons 
determined to be subject to the directive, their property, or their 
interests in property.
    (c) Modification of Directive 2 With Respect to the Energy Sector 
of the Russian Federation Economy.--Not later than 60 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Treasury shall 
modify Directive 2 (as amended), dated September 12, 2014, issued by 
the Office of Foreign Assets Control under Executive Order No. 13662, 
or any successor directive (which shall be effective beginning on the 
date that is 60 days after the date of such modification), to ensure 
that the directive prohibits the conduct by United States persons or 
persons within the United States of all transactions in, provision of 
financing for, and other dealings in new debt of longer than 60 days 
maturity of persons determined to be subject to the directive, their 
property, or their interests in property.
    (d) Modification of Directive 4.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Treasury shall 
modify Directive 4, dated September 12, 2014, issued by the Office of 
Foreign Assets Control under Executive Order No. 13662, or any 
successor directive (which shall be effective beginning on the date 
that is 90 days after the date of such modification), to ensure that 
the directive prohibits the provision, exportation, or reexportation, 
directly or indirectly, by United States persons or persons within the 
United States, of goods, services (except for financial services), or 
technology in support of exploration or production for new deepwater, 
Arctic offshore, or shale projects--
        (1) that have the potential to produce oil; and
        (2) that involve any person determined to be subject to the 
    directive or the property or interests in property of such a person 
    who has a controlling interest or a substantial non-controlling 
    ownership interest in such a project defined as not less than a 33 
    percent interest.
    SEC. 224. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO ACTIVITIES OF THE 
      RUSSIAN FEDERATION UNDERMINING CYBERSECURITY.
    (a) In General.--On and after the date that is 60 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall--
        (1) impose the sanctions described in subsection (b) with 
    respect to any person that the President determines--
            (A) knowingly engages in significant activities undermining 
        cybersecurity against any person, including a democratic 
        institution, or government on behalf of the Government of the 
        Russian Federation; or
            (B) is owned or controlled by, or acts or purports to act 
        for or on behalf of, directly or indirectly, a person described 
        in subparagraph (A);
        (2) impose five or more of the sanctions described in section 
    235 with respect to any person that the President determines 
    knowingly materially assists, sponsors, or provides financial, 
    material, or technological support for, or goods or services 
    (except financial services) in support of, an activity described in 
    paragraph (1)(A); and
        (3) impose three or more of the sanctions described in section 
    4(c) of the of the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C. 
    8923(c)) with respect to any person that the President determines 
    knowingly provides financial services in support of an activity 
    described in paragraph (1)(A).
    (b) Sanctions Described.--The sanctions described in this 
subsection are the following:
        (1) Asset blocking.--The exercise of all powers granted to the 
    President by the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 
    U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) to the extent necessary to block and prohibit 
    all transactions in all property and interests in property of a 
    person determined by the President to be subject to subsection 
    (a)(1) if such property and interests in property are in the United 
    States, come within the United States, or are or come within the 
    possession or control of a United States person.
        (2) Exclusion from the united states and revocation of visa or 
    other documentation.--In the case of an alien determined by the 
    President to be subject to subsection (a)(1), denial of a visa to, 
    and exclusion from the United States of, the alien, and revocation 
    in accordance with section 221(i) of the Immigration and 
    Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1201(i)), of any visa or other 
    documentation of the alien.
    (c) Application of New Cyber Sanctions.--The President may waive 
the initial application under subsection (a) of sanctions with respect 
to a person only if the President submits to the appropriate 
congressional committees--
        (1) a written determination that the waiver--
            (A) is in the vital national security interests of the 
        United States; or
            (B) will further the enforcement of this title; and
        (2) a certification that the Government of the Russian 
    Federation has made significant efforts to reduce the number and 
    intensity of cyber intrusions conducted by that Government.
    (d) Significant Activities Undermining Cybersecurity Defined.--In 
this section, the term ``significant activities undermining 
cybersecurity'' includes--
        (1) significant efforts--
            (A) to deny access to or degrade, disrupt, or destroy an 
        information and communications technology system or network; or
            (B) to exfiltrate, degrade, corrupt, destroy, or release 
        information from such a system or network without authorization 
        for purposes of--
                (i) conducting influence operations; or
                (ii) causing a significant misappropriation of funds, 
            economic resources, trade secrets, personal 
            identifications, or financial information for commercial or 
            competitive advantage or private financial gain;
        (2) significant destructive malware attacks; and
        (3) significant denial of service activities.
    SEC. 225. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS RELATING TO SPECIAL RUSSIAN CRUDE 
      OIL PROJECTS.
    Section 4(b)(1) of the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014 (22 
U.S.C. 8923(b)(1)) is amended by striking ``on and after the date that 
is 45 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the President 
may impose'' and inserting ``on and after the date that is 30 days 
after the date of the enactment of the Countering Russian Influence in 
Europe and Eurasia Act of 2017, the President shall impose, unless the 
President determines that it is not in the national interest of the 
United States to do so,''.
    SEC. 226. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO RUSSIAN AND OTHER 
      FOREIGN FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS.
    Section 5 of the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C. 
8924) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by striking ``may impose'' and inserting ``shall 
        impose, unless the President determines that it is not in the 
        national interest of the United States to do so,''; and
            (B) by striking ``on or after the date of the enactment of 
        this Act'' and inserting ``on or after the date of the 
        enactment of the Countering Russian Influence in Europe and 
        Eurasia Act of 2017''; and
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) by striking ``may impose'' and inserting ``shall 
        impose, unless the President determines that it is not in the 
        national interest of the United States to do so,''; and
            (B) by striking ``on or after the date that is 180 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act'' and inserting 
        ``on or after the date that is 30 days after the date of the 
        enactment of the Countering Russian Influence in Europe and 
        Eurasia Act of 2017''.
    SEC. 227. MANDATORY IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO 
      SIGNIFICANT CORRUPTION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.
    Section 9 of the Sovereignty, Integrity, Democracy, and Economic 
Stability of Ukraine Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C. 8908(a)) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``is 
        authorized and encouraged to'' and inserting ``shall''; and
            (B) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by striking ``President determines is'' and 
            inserting ``President determines is, on or after the date 
            of the enactment of the Countering Russian Influence in 
            Europe and Eurasia Act of 2017,''; and
                (ii) by inserting ``or elsewhere'' after ``in the 
            Russian Federation'';
        (2) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e);
        (3) in subsection (c), by striking ``The President'' and 
    inserting ``except as provided in subsection (d), the President''; 
    and
        (4) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:
    ``(d) Application of New Sanctions.--The President may waive the 
initial application of sanctions under subsection (b) with respect to a 
person only if the President submits to the appropriate congressional 
committees--
        ``(1) a written determination that the waiver--
            ``(A) is in the vital national security interests of the 
        United States; or
            ``(B) will further the enforcement of this Act; and
        ``(2) a certification that the Government of the Russian 
    Federation is taking steps to implement the Minsk Agreement to 
    address the ongoing conflict in eastern Ukraine, signed in Minsk, 
    Belarus, on February 11, 2015, by the leaders of Ukraine, Russia, 
    France, and Germany, the Minsk Protocol, which was agreed to on 
    September 5, 2014, and any successor agreements that are agreed to 
    by the Government of Ukraine.''.
    SEC. 228. MANDATORY IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO CERTAIN 
      TRANSACTIONS WITH FOREIGN SANCTIONS EVADERS AND SERIOUS HUMAN 
      RIGHTS ABUSERS IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.
    (a) In General.--The Support for the Sovereignty, Integrity, 
Democracy, and Economic Stability of Ukraine Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C. 
8901 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``SEC. 10. MANDATORY IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO CERTAIN 
      TRANSACTIONS WITH PERSONS THAT EVADE SANCTIONS IMPOSED WITH 
      RESPECT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.
    ``(a) In General.--The President shall impose the sanctions 
described in subsection (b) with respect to a foreign person if the 
President determines that the foreign person knowingly, on or after the 
date of the enactment of the Countering Russian Influence in Europe and 
Eurasia Act of 2017--
        ``(1) materially violates, attempts to violate, conspires to 
    violate, or causes a violation of any license, order, regulation, 
    or prohibition contained in or issued pursuant to any covered 
    Executive order, this Act, or the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 
    2014 (22 U.S.C. 8921 et seq.); or
        ``(2) facilitates a significant transaction or transactions, 
    including deceptive or structured transactions, for or on behalf 
    of--
            ``(A) any person subject to sanctions imposed by the United 
        States with respect to the Russian Federation; or
            ``(B) any child, spouse, parent, or sibling of an 
        individual described in subparagraph (A).
    ``(b) Sanctions Described.--The sanctions described in this 
subsection are the exercise of all powers granted to the President by 
the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et 
seq.) to the extent necessary to block and prohibit all transactions in 
all property and interests in property of a person determined by the 
President to be subject to subsection (a) if such property and 
interests in property are in the United States, come within the United 
States, or are or come within the possession or control of a United 
States person.
    ``(c) Implementation; Penalties.--
        ``(1) Implementation.--The President may exercise all 
    authorities provided to the President under sections 203 and 205 of 
    the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702 and 
    1704) to carry out subsection (b).
        ``(2) Penalties.--A person that violates, attempts to violate, 
    conspires to violate, or causes a violation of subsection (b) or 
    any regulation, license, or order issued to carry out subsection 
    (b) shall be subject to the penalties set forth in subsections (b) 
    and (c) of section 206 of the International Emergency Economic 
    Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1705) to the same extent as a person that 
    commits an unlawful act described in subsection (a) of that 
    section.
    ``(d) Application of New Sanctions.--The President may waive the 
initial application of sanctions under subsection (b) with respect to a 
person only if the President submits to the appropriate congressional 
committees--
        ``(1) a written determination that the waiver--
            ``(A) is in the vital national security interests of the 
        United States; or
            ``(B) will further the enforcement of this Act;
        ``(2) in the case of sanctions imposed under this section in 
    connection with a covered Executive order described in subparagraph 
    (A), (B), (C), or (D) of subsection (f)(1), a certification that 
    the Government of the Russian Federation is taking steps to 
    implement the Minsk Agreement to address the ongoing conflict in 
    eastern Ukraine, signed in Minsk, Belarus, on February 11, 2015, by 
    the leaders of Ukraine, Russia, France, and Germany, the Minsk 
    Protocol, which was agreed to on September 5, 2014, and any 
    successor agreements that are agreed to by the Government of 
    Ukraine; and
        ``(3) in the case of sanctions imposed under this section in 
    connection with a covered Executive order described in 
    subparagraphs (E) or (F) of subsection (f)(1), a certification that 
    the Government of the Russian Federation has made significant 
    efforts to reduce the number and intensity of cyber intrusions 
    conducted by that Government.
    ``(e) Termination.--Subject to section 216 of the Russia Sanctions 
Review Act of 2017, the President may terminate the application of 
sanctions under subsection (b) with respect to a person if the 
President submits to the appropriate congressional committees--
        ``(1) a notice of and justification for the termination; and
        ``(2) a notice that--
            ``(A) the person is not engaging in the activity that was 
        the basis for the sanctions or has taken significant verifiable 
        steps toward stopping the activity; and
            ``(B) the President has received reliable assurances that 
        the person will not knowingly engage in activity subject to 
        sanctions under subsection (a) in the future.
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Covered executive order.--The term `covered Executive 
    order' means any of the following:
            ``(A) Executive Order No. 13660 (79 Fed. Reg. 13493; 
        relating to blocking property of certain persons contributing 
        to the situation in Ukraine).
            ``(B) Executive Order No. 13661 (79 Fed. Reg. 15535; 
        relating to blocking property of additional persons 
        contributing to the situation in Ukraine).
            ``(C) Executive Order No. 13662 (79 Fed. Reg. 16169; 
        relating to blocking property of additional persons 
        contributing to the situation in Ukraine).
            ``(D) Executive Order No. 13685 (79 Fed. Reg. 77357; 
        relating to blocking property of certain persons and 
        prohibiting certain transactions with respect to the Crimea 
        region of Ukraine).
            ``(E) Executive Order No. 13694 (80 Fed. Reg. 18077; 
        relating to blocking the property of certain persons engaging 
        in significant malicious cyber-enabled activities), relating to 
        the Russian Federation.
            ``(F) Executive Order No. 13757 (82 Fed. Reg. 1; relating 
        to taking additional steps to address the national emergency 
        with respect to significant malicious cyber-enabled 
        activities), relating to the Russian Federation.
        ``(2) Foreign person.--The term `foreign person' has the 
    meaning given such term in section 595.304 of title 31, Code of 
    Federal Regulations (as in effect on the date of the enactment of 
    this section).
        ``(3) Structured.--The term `structured', with respect to a 
    transaction, has the meaning given the term `structure' in 
    paragraph (xx) of section 1010.100 of title 31, Code of Federal 
    Regulations (or any corresponding similar regulation or ruling).
  ``SEC. 11. MANDATORY IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO 
      TRANSACTIONS WITH PERSONS RESPONSIBLE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES.
    ``(a) In General.--The President shall impose the sanctions 
described in subsection (b) with respect to a foreign person if the 
President determines that the foreign person, based on credible 
information, on or after the date of the enactment of this section--
        ``(1) is responsible for, complicit in, or responsible for 
    ordering, controlling, or otherwise directing, the commission of 
    serious human rights abuses in any territory forcibly occupied or 
    otherwise controlled by the Government of the Russian Federation;
        ``(2) materially assists, sponsors, or provides financial, 
    material, or technological support for, or goods or services to, a 
    foreign person described in paragraph (1); or
        ``(3) is owned or controlled by, or acts or purports to act for 
    or on behalf of, directly or indirectly, a foreign person described 
    in paragraph (1).
    ``(b) Sanctions Described.--
        ``(1) Asset blocking.--The exercise of all powers granted to 
    the President by the International Emergency Economic Powers Act 
    (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) to the extent necessary to block and 
    prohibit all transactions in all property and interests in property 
    of a person determined by the President to be subject to subsection 
    (a) if such property and interests in property are in the United 
    States, come within the United States, or are or come within the 
    possession or control of a United States person.
        ``(2) Exclusion from the united states and revocation of visa 
    or other documentation.--In the case of an alien determined by the 
    President to be subject to subsection (a), denial of a visa to, and 
    exclusion from the United States of, the alien, and revocation in 
    accordance with section 221(i) of the Immigration and Nationality 
    Act (8 U.S.C. 1201(i)), of any visa or other documentation of the 
    alien.
    ``(c) Application of New Sanctions.--The President may waive the 
initial application of sanctions under subsection (b) with respect to a 
person only if the President submits to the appropriate congressional 
committees--
        ``(1) a written determination that the waiver--
            ``(A) is in the vital national security interests of the 
        United States; or
            ``(B) will further the enforcement of this Act; and
        ``(2) a certification that the Government of the Russian 
    Federation has made efforts to reduce serious human rights abuses 
    in territory forcibly occupied or otherwise controlled by that 
    Government.
    ``(d) Implementation; Penalties.--
        ``(1) Implementation.--The President may exercise all 
    authorities provided to the President under sections 203 and 205 of 
    the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702 and 
    1704) to carry out subsection (b)(1).
        ``(2) Penalties.--A person that violates, attempts to violate, 
    conspires to violate, or causes a violation of subsection (b)(1) or 
    any regulation, license, or order issued to carry out subsection 
    (b)(1) shall be subject to the penalties set forth in subsections 
    (b) and (c) of section 206 of the International Emergency Economic 
    Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1705) to the same extent as a person that 
    commits an unlawful act described in subsection (a) of that 
    section.
    ``(e) Termination.--Subject to section 216 of Russia Sanctions 
Review Act of 2017, the President may terminate the application of 
sanctions under subsection (b) with respect to a person if the 
President submits to the appropriate congressional committees--
        ``(1) a notice of and justification for the termination; and
        ``(2) a notice--
            ``(A) that--
                ``(i) the person is not engaging in the activity that 
            was the basis for the sanctions or has taken significant 
            verifiable steps toward stopping the activity; and
                ``(ii) the President has received reliable assurances 
            that the person will not knowingly engage in activity 
            subject to sanctions under subsection (a) in the future; or
            ``(B) that the President determines that insufficient basis 
        exists for the determination by the President under subsection 
        (a) with respect to the person.''.
    (b) Definition of Appropriate Congressional Committees.--Section 
2(2) of the Support for the Sovereignty, Integrity, Democracy, and 
Economic Stability of Ukraine Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C. 8901(2)) is 
amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``the Committee on 
    Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs,'' before ``the Committee on 
    Foreign Relations''; and
        (2) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``the Committee on 
    Financial Services'' before ``the Committee on Foreign Affairs''.
    SEC. 229. NOTIFICATIONS TO CONGRESS UNDER UKRAINE FREEDOM SUPPORT 
      ACT OF 2014.
    (a) Sanctions Relating to Defense and Energy Sectors of the Russian 
Federation.--Section 4 of the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014 (22 
U.S.C. 8923) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as subsections (h) 
    and (i), respectively;
        (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following:
    ``(g) Notifications and Certifications to Congress.--
        ``(1) Imposition of sanctions.--The President shall notify the 
    appropriate congressional committees in writing not later than 15 
    days after imposing sanctions with respect to a foreign person 
    under subsection (a) or (b).
        ``(2) Termination of sanctions with respect to russian 
    producers, transferors, or brokers of defense articles.--Subject to 
    section 216 of the Russia Sanctions Review Act of 2017, the 
    President may terminate the imposition of sanctions under 
    subsection (a)(2) with respect to a foreign person if the President 
    submits to the appropriate congressional committees--
            ``(A) a notice of and justification for the termination; 
        and
            ``(B) a notice that--
                ``(i) the foreign person is not engaging in the 
            activity that was the basis for the sanctions or has taken 
            significant verifiable steps toward stopping the activity; 
            and
                ``(ii) the President has received reliable assurances 
            that the foreign person will not knowingly engage in 
            activity subject to sanctions under subsection (a)(2) in 
            the future.''; and
        (3) in subparagraph (B)(ii) of subsection (a)(3), by striking 
    ``subsection (h)'' and inserting ``subsection (i)''.
    (b) Sanctions on Russian and Other Foreign Financial 
Institutions.--Section 5 of the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014 (22 
U.S.C. 8924) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsections (f) 
    and (g), respectively;
        (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following:
    ``(e) Notification to Congress on Imposition of Sanctions.--The 
President shall notify the appropriate congressional committees in 
writing not later than 15 days after imposing sanctions with respect to 
a foreign financial institution under subsection (a) or (b).''; and
        (3) in subsection (g), as redesignated by paragraph (1), by 
    striking ``section 4(h)'' and inserting ``section 4(i)''.
    SEC. 230. STANDARDS FOR TERMINATION OF CERTAIN SANCTIONS WITH 
      RESPECT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.
    (a) Sanctions Relating to Undermining the Peace, Security, 
Stability, Sovereignty, or Territorial Integrity of Ukraine.--Section 8 
of the Sovereignty, Integrity, Democracy, and Economic Stability of 
Ukraine Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C. 8907) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:
    ``(d) Termination.--Subject to section 216 of the Russia Sanctions 
Review Act of 2017, the President may terminate the application of 
sanctions under subsection (b) with respect to a person if the 
President submits to the appropriate congressional committees a notice 
that--
        ``(1) the person is not engaging in the activity that was the 
    basis for the sanctions or has taken significant verifiable steps 
    toward stopping the activity; and
        ``(2) the President has received reliable assurances that the 
    person will not knowingly engage in activity subject to sanctions 
    under subsection (a) in the future.''.
    (b) Sanctions Relating to Corruption.--Section 9 of the 
Sovereignty, Integrity, Democracy, and Economic Stability of Ukraine 
Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C. 8908) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:
    ``(d) Termination.--Subject to section 216 of the Russia Sanctions 
Review Act of 2017, the President may terminate the application of 
sanctions under subsection (b) with respect to a person if the 
President submits to the appropriate congressional committees a notice 
that--
        ``(1) the person is not engaging in the activity that was the 
    basis for the sanctions or has taken significant verifiable steps 
    toward stopping the activity; and
        ``(2) the President has received reliable assurances that the 
    person will not knowingly engage in activity subject to sanctions 
    under subsection (a) in the future.''.
    SEC. 231. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO PERSONS ENGAGING 
      IN TRANSACTIONS WITH THE INTELLIGENCE OR DEFENSE SECTORS OF THE 
      GOVERNMENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.
    (a) In General.--On and after the date that is 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall impose five or 
more of the sanctions described in section 235 with respect to a person 
the President determines knowingly, on or after such date of enactment, 
engages in a significant transaction with a person that is part of, or 
operates for or on behalf of, the defense or intelligence sectors of 
the Government of the Russian Federation, including the Main 
Intelligence Agency of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the 
Russian Federation or the Federal Security Service of the Russian 
Federation.
    (b) Application of New Sanctions.--The President may waive the 
initial application of sanctions under subsection (a) with respect to a 
person only if the President submits to the appropriate congressional 
committees--
        (1) a written determination that the waiver--
            (A) is in the vital national security interests of the 
        United States; or
            (B) will further the enforcement of this title; and
        (2) a certification that the Government of the Russian 
    Federation has made significant efforts to reduce the number and 
    intensity of cyber intrusions conducted by that Government.
    (c) Delay of Imposition of Sanctions.--The President may delay the 
imposition of sanctions under subsection (a) with respect to a person 
if the President certifies to the appropriate congressional committees, 
not less frequently than every 180 days while the delay is in effect, 
that the person is substantially reducing the number of significant 
transactions described in subsection (a) in which that person engages.
    (d) Requirement To Issue Guidance.--Not later than 60 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall issue 
regulations or other guidance to specify the persons that are part of, 
or operate for or on behalf of, the defense and intelligence sectors of 
the Government of the Russian Federation.
    (e) Penalties.--A person that violates, attempts to violate, 
conspires to violate, or causes a violation of subsection (a) or any 
regulation, license, or order issued to carry out subsection (a) shall 
be subject to the penalties set forth in subsections (b) and (c) of 
section 206 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 
U.S.C. 1705) to the same extent as a person that commits an unlawful 
act described in subsection (a) of that section.
    SEC. 232. SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF PIPELINES IN 
      THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.
    (a) In General.--The President, in coordination with allies of the 
United States, may impose five or more of the sanctions described in 
section 235 with respect to a person if the President determines that 
the person knowingly, on or after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, makes an investment described in subsection (b) or sells, leases, 
or provides to the Russian Federation, for the construction of Russian 
energy export pipelines, goods, services, technology, information, or 
support described in subsection (c)--
        (1) any of which has a fair market value of $1,000,000 or more; 
    or
        (2) that, during a 12-month period, have an aggregate fair 
    market value of $5,000,000 or more.
    (b) Investment Described.--An investment described in this 
subsection is an investment that directly and significantly contributes 
to the enhancement of the ability of the Russian Federation to 
construct energy export pipelines.
    (c) Goods, Services, Technology, Information, or Support 
Described.--Goods, services, technology, information, or support 
described in this subsection are goods, services, technology, 
information, or support that could directly and significantly 
facilitate the maintenance or expansion of the construction, 
modernization, or repair of energy export pipelines by the Russian 
Federation.
    SEC. 233. SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO INVESTMENT IN OR FACILITATION 
      OF PRIVATIZATION OF STATE-OWNED ASSETS BY THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.
    (a) In General.--The President shall impose five or more of the 
sanctions described in section 235 if the President determines that a 
person, with actual knowledge, on or after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, makes an investment of $10,000,000 or more (or any 
combination of investments of not less than $1,000,000 each, which in 
the aggregate equals or exceeds $10,000,000 in any 12-month period), or 
facilitates such an investment, if the investment directly and 
significantly contributes to the ability of the Russian Federation to 
privatize state-owned assets in a manner that unjustly benefits--
        (1) officials of the Government of the Russian Federation; or
        (2) close associates or family members of those officials.
    (b) Application of New Sanctions.--The President may waive the 
initial application of sanctions under subsection (a) with respect to a 
person only if the President submits to the appropriate congressional 
committees--
        (1) a written determination that the waiver--
            (A) is in the vital national security interests of the 
        United States; or
            (B) will further the enforcement of this title; and
        (2) a certification that the Government of the Russian 
    Federation is taking steps to implement the Minsk Agreement to 
    address the ongoing conflict in eastern Ukraine, signed in Minsk, 
    Belarus, on February 11, 2015, by the leaders of Ukraine, Russia, 
    France, and Germany, the Minsk Protocol, which was agreed to on 
    September 5, 2014, and any successor agreements that are agreed to 
    by the Government of Ukraine.
    SEC. 234. SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE TRANSFER OF ARMS AND 
      RELATED MATERIEL TO SYRIA.
    (a) Imposition of Sanctions.--
        (1) In general.--The President shall impose on a foreign person 
    the sanctions described in subsection (b) if the President 
    determines that such foreign person has, on or after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, knowingly exported, transferred, or 
    otherwise provided to Syria significant financial, material, or 
    technological support that contributes materially to the ability of 
    the Government of Syria to--
            (A) acquire or develop chemical, biological, or nuclear 
        weapons or related technologies;
            (B) acquire or develop ballistic or cruise missile 
        capabilities;
            (C) acquire or develop destabilizing numbers and types of 
        advanced conventional weapons;
            (D) acquire significant defense articles, defense services, 
        or defense information (as such terms are defined under the 
        Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.)); or
            (E) acquire items designated by the President for purposes 
        of the United States Munitions List under section 38(a)(1) of 
        the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778(a)(1)).
        (2) Applicability to other foreign persons.--The sanctions 
    described in subsection (b) shall also be imposed on any foreign 
    person that--
            (A) is a successor entity to a foreign person described in 
        paragraph (1); or
            (B) is owned or controlled by, or has acted for or on 
        behalf of, a foreign person described in paragraph (1).
    (b) Sanctions Described.--The sanctions to be imposed on a foreign 
person described in subsection (a) are the following:
        (1) Blocking of property.--The President shall exercise all 
    powers granted by the International Emergency Economic Powers Act 
    (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (except that the requirements of section 
    202 of such Act (50 U.S.C. 1701) shall not apply) to the extent 
    necessary to block and prohibit all transactions in all property 
    and interests in property of the foreign person if such property 
    and interests in property are in the United States, come within the 
    United States, or are or come within the possession or control of a 
    United States person.
        (2) Aliens ineligible for visas, admission, or parole.--
            (A) Exclusion from the united states.--If the foreign 
        person is an individual, the Secretary of State shall deny a 
        visa to, and the Secretary of Homeland Security shall exclude 
        from the United States, the foreign person.
            (B) Current visas revoked.--
                (i) In general.--The issuing consular officer, the 
            Secretary of State, or the Secretary of Homeland Security 
            (or a designee of one of such Secretaries) shall revoke any 
            visa or other entry documentation issued to the foreign 
            person regardless of when issued.
                (ii) Effect of revocation.--A revocation under clause 
            (i) shall take effect immediately and shall automatically 
            cancel any other valid visa or entry documentation that is 
            in the possession of the foreign person.
    (c) Waiver.--Subject to section 216, the President may waive the 
application of sanctions under subsection (b) with respect to a person 
if the President determines that such a waiver is in the national 
security interest of the United States.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Financial, material, or technological support.--The term 
    ``financial, material, or technological support'' has the meaning 
    given such term in section 542.304 of title 31, Code of Federal 
    Regulations (or any corresponding similar regulation or ruling).
        (2) Foreign person.--The term ``foreign person'' has the 
    meaning given such term in section 594.304 of title 31, Code of 
    Federal Regulations (or any corresponding similar regulation or 
    ruling).
        (3) Syria.--The term ``Syria'' has the meaning given such term 
    in section 542.316 of title 31, Code of Federal Regulations (or any 
    corresponding similar regulation or ruling).
    SEC. 235. SANCTIONS DESCRIBED.
    (a) Sanctions Described.--The sanctions to be imposed with respect 
to a person under section 224(a)(2), 231(b), 232(a), or 233(a) are the 
following:
        (1) Export-import bank assistance for exports to sanctioned 
    persons.--The President may direct the Export-Import Bank of the 
    United States not to give approval to the issuance of any 
    guarantee, insurance, extension of credit, or participation in the 
    extension of credit in connection with the export of any goods or 
    services to the sanctioned person.
        (2) Export sanction.--The President may order the United States 
    Government not to issue any specific license and not to grant any 
    other specific permission or authority to export any goods or 
    technology to the sanctioned person under--
            (A) the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. 4601 
        et seq.) (as continued in effect pursuant to the International 
        Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.));
            (B) the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.);
            (C) the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.); 
        or
            (D) any other statute that requires the prior review and 
        approval of the United States Government as a condition for the 
        export or reexport of goods or services.
        (3) Loans from united states financial institutions.--The 
    President may prohibit any United States financial institution from 
    making loans or providing credits to the sanctioned person totaling 
    more than $10,000,000 in any 12-month period unless the person is 
    engaged in activities to relieve human suffering and the loans or 
    credits are provided for such activities.
        (4) Loans from international financial institutions.--The 
    President may direct the United States executive director to each 
    international financial institution to use the voice and vote of 
    the United States to oppose any loan from the international 
    financial institution that would benefit the sanctioned person.
        (5) Prohibitions on financial institutions.--The following 
    prohibitions may be imposed against the sanctioned person if that 
    person is a financial institution:
            (A) Prohibition on designation as primary dealer.--Neither 
        the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System nor the 
        Federal Reserve Bank of New York may designate, or permit the 
        continuation of any prior designation of, the financial 
        institution as a primary dealer in United States Government 
        debt instruments.
            (B) Prohibition on service as a repository of government 
        funds.--The financial institution may not serve as agent of the 
        United States Government or serve as repository for United 
        States Government funds.
    The imposition of either sanction under subparagraph (A) or (B) 
    shall be treated as one sanction for purposes of subsection (b), 
    and the imposition of both such sanctions shall be treated as two 
    sanctions for purposes of subsection (b).
        (6) Procurement sanction.--The United States Government may not 
    procure, or enter into any contract for the procurement of, any 
    goods or services from the sanctioned person.
        (7) Foreign exchange.--The President may, pursuant to such 
    regulations as the President may prescribe, prohibit any 
    transactions in foreign exchange that are subject to the 
    jurisdiction of the United States and in which the sanctioned 
    person has any interest.
        (8) Banking transactions.--The President may, pursuant to such 
    regulations as the President may prescribe, prohibit any transfers 
    of credit or payments between financial institutions or by, 
    through, or to any financial institution, to the extent that such 
    transfers or payments are subject to the jurisdiction of the United 
    States and involve any interest of the sanctioned person.
        (9) Property transactions.--The President may, pursuant to such 
    regulations as the President may prescribe, prohibit any person 
    from--
            (A) acquiring, holding, withholding, using, transferring, 
        withdrawing, transporting, importing, or exporting any property 
        that is subject to the jurisdiction of the United States and 
        with respect to which the sanctioned person has any interest;
            (B) dealing in or exercising any right, power, or privilege 
        with respect to such property; or
            (C) conducting any transaction involving such property.
        (10) Ban on investment in equity or debt of sanctioned 
    person.--The President may, pursuant to such regulations or 
    guidelines as the President may prescribe, prohibit any United 
    States person from investing in or purchasing significant amounts 
    of equity or debt instruments of the sanctioned person.
        (11) Exclusion of corporate officers.--The President may direct 
    the Secretary of State to deny a visa to, and the Secretary of 
    Homeland Security to exclude from the United States, any alien that 
    the President determines is a corporate officer or principal of, or 
    a shareholder with a controlling interest in, the sanctioned 
    person.
        (12) Sanctions on principal executive officers.--The President 
    may impose on the principal executive officer or officers of the 
    sanctioned person, or on persons performing similar functions and 
    with similar authorities as such officer or officers, any of the 
    sanctions under this subsection.
    (b) Sanctioned Person Defined.--In this section, the term 
``sanctioned person'' means a person subject to sanctions under section 
224(a)(2), 231(b), 232(a), or 233(a).
    SEC. 236. EXCEPTIONS, WAIVER, AND TERMINATION.
    (a) Exceptions.--The provisions of this part and amendments made by 
this part shall not apply with respect to the following:
        (1) Activities subject to the reporting requirements under 
    title V of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3091 et 
    seq.), or any authorized intelligence activities of the United 
    States.
        (2) The admission of an alien to the United States if such 
    admission is necessary to comply with United States obligations 
    under the Agreement between the United Nations and the United 
    States of America regarding the Headquarters of the United Nations, 
    signed at Lake Success June 26, 1947, and entered into force 
    November 21, 1947, under the Convention on Consular Relations, done 
    at Vienna April 24, 1963, and entered into force March 19, 1967, or 
    under other international agreements.
    (b) Waiver of Sanctions That Are Imposed.--Subject to section 216, 
if the President imposes sanctions with respect to a person under this 
part or the amendments made by this part, the President may waive the 
application of those sanctions if the President determines that such a 
waiver is in the national security interest of the United States.
    (c) Termination.--Subject to section 216, the President may 
terminate the application of sanctions under section 224, 231, 232, 
233, or 234 with respect to a person if the President submits to the 
appropriate congressional committees--
        (1) a notice of and justification for the termination; and
        (2) a notice that--
            (A) the person is not engaging in the activity that was the 
        basis for the sanctions or has taken significant verifiable 
        steps toward stopping the activity; and
            (B) the President has received reliable assurances that the 
        person will not knowingly engage in activity subject to 
        sanctions under this part in the future.
    SEC. 237. EXCEPTION RELATING TO ACTIVITIES OF THE NATIONAL 
      AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION.
    (a) In General.--This Act and the amendments made by this Act shall 
not apply with respect to activities of the National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration.
    (b) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this Act or the amendments 
made by this Act shall be construed to authorize the imposition of any 
sanction or other condition, limitation, restriction, or prohibition, 
that directly or indirectly impedes the supply by any entity of the 
Russian Federation of any product or service, or the procurement of 
such product or service by any contractor or subcontractor of the 
United States or any other entity, relating to or in connection with 
any space launch conducted for--
        (1) the National Aeronautics and Space Administration; or
        (2) any other non-Department of Defense customer.
    SEC. 238. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.
    Nothing in this part or the amendments made by this part shall be 
construed--
        (1) to supersede the limitations or exceptions on the use of 
    rocket engines for national security purposes under section 1608 of 
    the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 
    Stat. 3626; 10 U.S.C. 2271 note), as amended by section 1607 of the 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
    114-92; 129 Stat. 1100) and section 1602 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
    Stat. 2582); or
        (2) to prohibit a contractor or subcontractor of the Department 
    of Defense from acquiring components referred to in such section 
    1608.

                            PART 3--REPORTS

    SEC. 241. REPORT ON OLIGARCHS AND PARASTATAL ENTITIES OF THE 
      RUSSIAN FEDERATION.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation 
with the Director of National Intelligence and the Secretary of State, 
shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a detailed 
report on the following:
        (1) Senior foreign political figures and oligarchs in the 
    Russian Federation, including the following:
            (A) An identification of the most significant senior 
        foreign political figures and oligarchs in the Russian 
        Federation, as determined by their closeness to the Russian 
        regime and their net worth.
            (B) An assessment of the relationship between individuals 
        identified under subparagraph (A) and President Vladimir Putin 
        or other members of the Russian ruling elite.
            (C) An identification of any indices of corruption with 
        respect to those individuals.
            (D) The estimated net worth and known sources of income of 
        those individuals and their family members (including spouses, 
        children, parents, and siblings), including assets, 
        investments, other business interests, and relevant beneficial 
        ownership information.
            (E) An identification of the non-Russian business 
        affiliations of those individuals.
        (2) Russian parastatal entities, including an assessment of the 
    following:
            (A) The emergence of Russian parastatal entities and their 
        role in the economy of the Russian Federation.
            (B) The leadership structures and beneficial ownership of 
        those entities.
            (C) The scope of the non-Russian business affiliations of 
        those entities.
        (3) The exposure of key economic sectors of the United States 
    to Russian politically exposed persons and parastatal entities, 
    including, at a minimum, the banking, securities, insurance, and 
    real estate sectors.
        (4) The likely effects of imposing debt and equity restrictions 
    on Russian parastatal entities, as well as the anticipated effects 
    of adding Russian parastatal entities to the list of specially 
    designated nationals and blocked persons maintained by the Office 
    of Foreign Assets Control of the Department of the Treasury.
        (5) The potential impacts of imposing secondary sanctions with 
    respect to Russian oligarchs, Russian state-owned enterprises, and 
    Russian parastatal entities, including impacts on the entities 
    themselves and on the economy of the Russian Federation, as well as 
    on the economies of the United States and allies of the United 
    States.
    (b) Form of Report.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
be submitted in an unclassified form, but may contain a classified 
annex.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
    ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, 
        the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the Committee on 
        Finance of the Senate; and
            (B) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on 
        Financial Services, and the Committee on Ways and Means of the 
        House of Representatives.
        (2) Senior foreign political figure.--The term ``senior foreign 
    political figure'' has the meaning given that term in section 
    1010.605 of title 31, Code of Federal Regulations (or any 
    corresponding similar regulation or ruling).
    SEC. 242. REPORT ON EFFECTS OF EXPANDING SANCTIONS TO INCLUDE 
      SOVEREIGN DEBT AND DERIVATIVE PRODUCTS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation 
with the Director of National Intelligence and the Secretary of State, 
shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report 
describing in detail the potential effects of expanding sanctions under 
Directive 1 (as amended), dated September 12, 2014, issued by the 
Office of Foreign Assets Control under Executive Order No. 13662 (79 
Fed. Reg. 16169; relating to blocking property of additional persons 
contributing to the situation in Ukraine), or any successor directive, 
to include sovereign debt and the full range of derivative products.
    (b) Form of Report.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
be submitted in an unclassified form, but may contain a classified 
annex.
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
        (1) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, the 
    Committee on Foreign Relations, and the Committee on Finance of the 
    Senate; and
        (2) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on 
    Financial Services, and the Committee on Ways and Means of the 
    House of Representatives.
    SEC. 243. REPORT ON ILLICIT FINANCE RELATING TO THE RUSSIAN 
      FEDERATION.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and not later than the end of each 1-year period 
thereafter until 2021, the Secretary of the Treasury shall submit to 
the appropriate congressional committees a report describing 
interagency efforts in the United States to combat illicit finance 
relating to the Russian Federation.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall contain 
a summary of efforts by the United States to do the following:
        (1) Identify, investigate, map, and disrupt illicit financial 
    flows linked to the Russian Federation if such flows affect the 
    United States financial system or those of major allies of the 
    United States.
        (2) Conduct outreach to the private sector, including 
    information sharing efforts to strengthen compliance efforts by 
    entities, including financial institutions, to prevent illicit 
    financial flows described in paragraph (1).
        (3) Engage and coordinate with allied international partners on 
    illicit finance, especially in Europe, to coordinate efforts to 
    uncover and prosecute the networks responsible for illicit 
    financial flows described in paragraph (1), including examples of 
    that engagement and coordination.
        (4) Identify foreign sanctions evaders and loopholes within the 
    sanctions regimes of foreign partners of the United States.
        (5) Expand the number of real estate geographic targeting 
    orders or other regulatory actions, as appropriate, to degrade 
    illicit financial activity relating to the Russian Federation in 
    relation to the financial system of the United States.
        (6) Provide support to counter those involved in illicit 
    finance relating to the Russian Federation across all appropriate 
    law enforcement, intelligence, regulatory, and financial 
    authorities of the Federal Government, including by imposing 
    sanctions with respect to or prosecuting those involved.
        (7) In the case of the Department of the Treasury and the 
    Department of Justice, investigate or otherwise develop major 
    cases, including a description of those cases.
    (c) Briefing.--After submitting a report under this section, the 
Secretary of the Treasury shall provide briefings to the appropriate 
congressional committees with respect to that report.
    (d) Coordination.--The Secretary of the Treasury shall coordinate 
with the Attorney General, the Director of National Intelligence, the 
Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Secretary of State in preparing 
each report under this section.
    (e) Form.--Each report submitted under this section shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
    ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, 
        the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the Committee on 
        Finance of the Senate; and
            (B) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on 
        Financial Services, and the Committee on Ways and Means of the 
        House of Representatives.
        (2) Illicit finance.--The term ``illicit finance'' means the 
    financing of terrorism, narcotics trafficking, or proliferation, 
    money laundering, or other forms of illicit financing domestically 
    or internationally, as defined by the President.

     Subtitle B--Countering Russian Influence in Europe and Eurasia

    SEC. 251. FINDINGS.
    Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) The Government of the Russian Federation has sought to 
    exert influence throughout Europe and Eurasia, including in the 
    former states of the Soviet Union, by providing resources to 
    political parties, think tanks, and civil society groups that sow 
    distrust in democratic institutions and actors, promote xenophobic 
    and illiberal views, and otherwise undermine European unity. The 
    Government of the Russian Federation has also engaged in well-
    documented corruption practices as a means toward undermining and 
    buying influence in European and Eurasian countries.
        (2) The Government of the Russian Federation has largely 
    eliminated a once-vibrant Russian-language independent media sector 
    and severely curtails free and independent media within the borders 
    of the Russian Federation. Russian-language media organizations 
    that are funded and controlled by the Government of the Russian 
    Federation and disseminate information within and outside of the 
    Russian Federation routinely traffic in anti-Western 
    disinformation, while few independent, fact-based media sources 
    provide objective reporting for Russian-speaking audiences inside 
    or outside of the Russian Federation.
        (3) The Government of the Russian Federation continues to 
    violate its commitments under the Memorandum on Security Assurances 
    in connection with Ukraine's Accession to the Treaty on the Non-
    Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, done at Budapest December 5, 
    1994, and the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe 
    Final Act, concluded at Helsinki August 1, 1975 (commonly referred 
    to as the ``Helsinki Final Act''), which laid the ground-work for 
    the establishment of the Organization for Security and Co-operation 
    in Europe, of which the Russian Federation is a member, by its 
    illegal annexation of Crimea in 2014, its illegal occupation of 
    South Ossetia and Abkhazia in Georgia in 2008, and its ongoing 
    destabilizing activities in eastern Ukraine.
        (4) The Government of the Russian Federation continues to 
    ignore the terms of the August 2008 ceasefire agreement relating to 
    Georgia, which requires the withdrawal of Russian Federation 
    troops, free access by humanitarian groups to the regions of South 
    Ossetia and Abkhazia, and monitoring of the conflict areas by the 
    European Union Monitoring Mission.
        (5) The Government of the Russian Federation is failing to 
    comply with the terms of the Minsk Agreement to address the ongoing 
    conflict in eastern Ukraine, signed in Minsk, Belarus, on February 
    11, 2015, by the leaders of Ukraine, Russia, France, and Germany, 
    as well as the Minsk Protocol, which was agreed to on September 5, 
    2014.
        (6) The Government of the Russian Federation is--
            (A) in violation of the Treaty between the United States of 
        America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the 
        Elimination of their Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range 
        Missiles, signed at Washington December 8, 1987, and entered 
        into force June 1, 1988 (commonly known as the ``INF Treaty''); 
        and
            (B) failing to meet its obligations under the Treaty on 
        Open Skies, done at Helsinki March 24, 1992, and entered into 
        force January 1, 2002 (commonly known as the ``Open Skies 
        Treaty'').
    SEC. 252. SENSE OF CONGRESS.
    It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) the Government of the Russian Federation bears 
    responsibility for the continuing violence in Eastern Ukraine, 
    including the death on April 24, 2017, of Joseph Stone, a citizen 
    of the United States working as a monitor for the Organization for 
    Security and Co-operation in Europe;
        (2) the President should call on the Government of the Russian 
    Federation--
            (A) to withdraw all of its forces from the territories of 
        Georgia, Ukraine, and Moldova;
            (B) to return control of the borders of those territories 
        to their respective governments; and
            (C) to cease all efforts to undermine the popularly elected 
        governments of those countries;
        (3) the Government of the Russian Federation has applied, and 
    continues to apply, to the countries and peoples of Georgia and 
    Ukraine, traditional uses of force, intelligence operations, and 
    influence campaigns, which represent clear and present threats to 
    the countries of Europe and Eurasia;
        (4) in response, the countries of Europe and Eurasia should 
    redouble efforts to build resilience within their institutions, 
    political systems, and civil societies;
        (5) the United States supports the institutions that the 
    Government of the Russian Federation seeks to undermine, including 
    the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the European Union;
        (6) a strong North Atlantic Treaty Organization is critical to 
    maintaining peace and security in Europe and Eurasia;
        (7) the United States should continue to work with the European 
    Union as a partner against aggression by the Government of the 
    Russian Federation, coordinating aid programs, development 
    assistance, and other counter-Russian efforts;
        (8) the United States should encourage the establishment of a 
    commission for media freedom within the Council of Europe, modeled 
    on the Venice Commission regarding rule of law issues, that would 
    be chartered to provide governments with expert recommendations on 
    maintaining legal and regulatory regimes supportive of free and 
    independent media and an informed citizenry able to distinguish 
    between fact-based reporting, opinion, and disinformation;
        (9) in addition to working to strengthen the North Atlantic 
    Treaty Organization and the European Union, the United States 
    should work with the individual countries of Europe and Eurasia--
            (A) to identify vulnerabilities to aggression, 
        disinformation, corruption, and so-called hybrid warfare by the 
        Government of the Russian Federation;
            (B) to establish strategic and technical plans for 
        addressing those vulnerabilities;
            (C) to ensure that the financial systems of those countries 
        are not being used to shield illicit financial activity by 
        officials of the Government of the Russian Federation or 
        individuals in President Vladimir Putin's inner circle who have 
        been enriched through corruption;
            (D) to investigate and prosecute cases of corruption by 
        Russian actors; and
            (E) to work toward full compliance with the Convention on 
        Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International 
        Business Transactions (commonly referred to as the ``Anti-
        Bribery Convention'') of the Organization for Economic Co-
        operation and Development; and
        (10) the President of the United States should use the 
    authority of the President to impose sanctions under--
            (A) the Sergei Magnitsky Rule of Law Accountability Act of 
        2012 (title IV of Public Law 112-208; 22 U.S.C. 5811 note); and
            (B) the Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act 
        (subtitle F of title XII of Public Law 114-328; 22 U.S.C. 2656 
        note).
    SEC. 253. STATEMENT OF POLICY.
    The United States, consistent with the principle of ex injuria jus 
non oritur, supports the policy known as the ``Stimson Doctrine'' and 
thus does not recognize territorial changes effected by force, 
including the illegal invasions and occupations of Abkhazia, South 
Ossetia, Crimea, Eastern Ukraine, and Transnistria.
    SEC. 254. COORDINATING AID AND ASSISTANCE ACROSS EUROPE AND 
      EURASIA.
    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated for the Countering Russian Influence Fund $250,000,000 for 
fiscal years 2018 and 2019.
    (b) Use of Funds.--Amounts in the Countering Russian Influence Fund 
shall be used to effectively implement, prioritized in the following 
order and subject to the availability of funds, the following goals:
        (1) To assist in protecting critical infrastructure and 
    electoral mechanisms from cyberattacks in the following countries:
            (A) Countries that are members of the North Atlantic Treaty 
        Organization or the European Union that the Secretary of State 
        determines--
                (i) are vulnerable to influence by the Russian 
            Federation; and
                (ii) lack the economic capability to effectively 
            respond to aggression by the Russian Federation without the 
            support of the United States.
            (B) Countries that are participating in the enlargement 
        process of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization or the 
        European Union, including Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 
        Georgia, Macedonia, Moldova, Kosovo, Serbia, and Ukraine.
        (2) To combat corruption, improve the rule of law, and 
    otherwise strengthen independent judiciaries and prosecutors 
    general offices in the countries described in paragraph (1).
        (3) To respond to the humanitarian crises and instability 
    caused or aggravated by the invasions and occupations of Georgia 
    and Ukraine by the Russian Federation.
        (4) To improve participatory legislative processes and legal 
    education, political transparency and competition, and compliance 
    with international obligations in the countries described in 
    paragraph (1).
        (5) To build the capacity of civil society, media, and other 
    nongovernmental organizations countering the influence and 
    propaganda of the Russian Federation to combat corruption, 
    prioritize access to truthful information, and operate freely in 
    all regions in the countries described in paragraph (1).
        (6) To assist the Secretary of State in executing the functions 
    specified in section 1287(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
    Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 22 U.S.C. 2656 note) 
    for the purposes of recognizing, understanding, exposing, and 
    countering propaganda and disinformation efforts by foreign 
    governments, in coordination with the relevant regional Assistant 
    Secretary or Assistant Secretaries of the Department of State.
    (c) Revision of Activities for Which Amounts May Be Used.--The 
Secretary of State may modify the goals described in subsection (b) if, 
not later than 15 days before revising such a goal, the Secretary 
notifies the appropriate congressional committees of the revision.
    (d) Implementation.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of State shall, acting through 
    the Coordinator of United States Assistance to Europe and Eurasia 
    (authorized pursuant to section 601 of the Support for East 
    European Democracy (SEED) Act of 1989 (22 U.S.C. 5461) and section 
    102 of the Freedom for Russia and Emerging Eurasian Democracies and 
    Open Markets Support Act of 1992 (22 U.S.C. 5812)), and in 
    consultation with the Administrator for the United States Agency 
    for International Development, the Director of the Global 
    Engagement Center of the Department of State, the Secretary of 
    Defense, the Chairman of the Broadcasting Board of Governors, and 
    the heads of other relevant Federal agencies, coordinate and carry 
    out activities to achieve the goals described in subsection (b).
        (2) Method.--Activities to achieve the goals described in 
    subsection (b) shall be carried out through--
            (A) initiatives of the United States Government;
            (B) Federal grant programs such as the Information Access 
        Fund; or
            (C) nongovernmental or international organizations, such as 
        the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the 
        National Endowment for Democracy, the Black Sea Trust, the 
        Balkan Trust for Democracy, the Prague Civil Society Centre, 
        the North Atlantic Treaty Organization Strategic Communications 
        Centre of Excellence, the European Endowment for Democracy, and 
        related organizations.
        (3) Report on implementation.--
            (A) In general.--Not later than April 1 of each year, the 
        Secretary of State, acting through the Coordinator of United 
        States Assistance to Europe and Eurasia, shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees a report on the programs 
        and activities carried out to achieve the goals described in 
        subsection (b) during the preceding fiscal year.
            (B) Elements.--Each report required by subparagraph (A) 
        shall include, with respect to each program or activity 
        described in that subparagraph--
                (i) the amount of funding for the program or activity;
                (ii) the goal described in subsection (b) to which the 
            program or activity relates; and
                (iii) an assessment of whether or not the goal was met.
    (e) Coordination With Global Partners.--
        (1) In general.--In order to maximize cost efficiency, 
    eliminate duplication, and speed the achievement of the goals 
    described in subsection (b), the Secretary of State shall ensure 
    coordination with--
            (A) the European Union and its institutions;
            (B) the governments of countries that are members of the 
        North Atlantic Treaty Organization or the European Union; and
            (C) international organizations and quasi-governmental 
        funding entities that carry out programs and activities that 
        seek to accomplish the goals described in subsection (b).
        (2) Report by secretary of state.--Not later than April 1 of 
    each year, the Secretary of State shall submit to the appropriate 
    congressional committees a report that includes--
            (A) the amount of funding provided to each country referred 
        to in subsection (b) by--
                (i) the European Union or its institutions;
                (ii) the government of each country that is a member of 
            the European Union or the North Atlantic Treaty 
            Organization; and
                (iii) international organizations and quasi-
            governmental funding entities that carry out programs and 
            activities that seek to accomplish the goals described in 
            subsection (b); and
            (B) an assessment of whether the funding described in 
        subparagraph (A) is commensurate with funding provided by the 
        United States for those goals.
    (f) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to apply to or limit United States foreign assistance not 
provided using amounts available in the Countering Russian Influence 
Fund.
    (g) Ensuring Adequate Staffing for Governance Activities.--In order 
to ensure that the United States Government is properly focused on 
combating corruption, improving rule of law, and building the capacity 
of civil society, media, and other nongovernmental organizations in 
countries described in subsection (b)(1), the Secretary of State shall 
establish a pilot program for Foreign Service officer positions focused 
on governance and anticorruption activities in such countries.
    SEC. 255. REPORT ON MEDIA ORGANIZATIONS CONTROLLED AND FUNDED BY 
      THE GOVERNMENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the President shall 
submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report that 
includes a description of media organizations that are controlled and 
funded by the Government of the Russian Federation, and any affiliated 
entities, whether operating within or outside the Russian Federation, 
including broadcast and satellite-based television, radio, Internet, 
and print media organizations.
    (b) Form of Report.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form but may include a classified annex.
    SEC. 256. REPORT ON RUSSIAN FEDERATION INFLUENCE ON ELECTIONS IN 
      EUROPE AND EURASIA.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the President shall 
submit to the appropriate congressional committees and leadership a 
report on funds provided by, or funds the use of which was directed by, 
the Government of the Russian Federation or any Russian person with the 
intention of influencing the outcome of any election or campaign in any 
country in Europe or Eurasia during the preceding year, including 
through direct support to any political party, candidate, lobbying 
campaign, nongovernmental organization, or civic organization.
    (b) Form of Report.--Each report required by subsection (a) shall 
be submitted in unclassified form but may include a classified annex.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Appropriate congressional committees and leadership.--The 
    term ``appropriate congressional committees and leadership'' 
    means--
            (A) the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on 
        Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, the Committee on Armed 
        Services, the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
        Affairs, the Committee on Appropriations, the Select Committee 
        on Intelligence, and the majority and minority leaders of the 
        Senate; and
            (B) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on 
        Financial Services, the Committee on Armed Services, the 
        Committee on Homeland Security, the Committee on 
        Appropriations, the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, 
        and the Speaker, the majority leader, and the minority leader 
        of the House of Representatives.
        (2) Russian person.--The term ``Russian person'' means--
            (A) an individual who is a citizen or national of the 
        Russian Federation; or
            (B) an entity organized under the laws of the Russian 
        Federation or otherwise subject to the jurisdiction of the 
        Government of the Russian Federation.
    SEC. 257. UKRANIAN ENERGY SECURITY.
    (a) Statement of Policy.--It is the policy of the United States--
        (1) to support the Government of Ukraine in restoring its 
    sovereign and territorial integrity;
        (2) to condemn and oppose all of the destabilizing efforts by 
    the Government of the Russian Federation in Ukraine in violation of 
    its obligations and international commitments;
        (3) to never recognize the illegal annexation of Crimea by the 
    Government of the Russian Federation or the separation of any 
    portion of Ukrainian territory through the use of military force;
        (4) to deter the Government of the Russian Federation from 
    further destabilizing and invading Ukraine and other independent 
    countries in Central and Eastern Europe and the Caucuses;
        (5) to assist in promoting reform in regulatory oversight and 
    operations in Ukraine's energy sector, including the establishment 
    and empowerment of an independent regulatory organization;
        (6) to encourage and support fair competition, market 
    liberalization, and reliability in Ukraine's energy sector;
        (7) to help Ukraine and United States allies and partners in 
    Europe reduce their dependence on Russian energy resources, 
    especially natural gas, which the Government of the Russian 
    Federation uses as a weapon to coerce, intimidate, and influence 
    other countries;
        (8) to work with European Union member states and European 
    Union institutions to promote energy security through developing 
    diversified and liberalized energy markets that provide diversified 
    sources, suppliers, and routes;
        (9) to continue to oppose the NordStream 2 pipeline given its 
    detrimental impacts on the European Union's energy security, gas 
    market development in Central and Eastern Europe, and energy 
    reforms in Ukraine; and
        (10) that the United States Government should prioritize the 
    export of United States energy resources in order to create 
    American jobs, help United States allies and partners, and 
    strengthen United States foreign policy.
    (b) Plan To Promote Energy Security in Ukraine.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of State, in coordination with 
    the Administrator of the United States Agency for International 
    Development and the Secretary of Energy, shall work with the 
    Government of Ukraine to develop a plan to increase energy security 
    in Ukraine, increase the amount of energy produced in Ukraine, and 
    reduce Ukraine's reliance on energy imports from the Russian 
    Federation.
        (2) Elements.--The plan developed under paragraph (1) shall 
    include strategies for market liberalization, effective regulation 
    and oversight, supply diversification, energy reliability, and 
    energy efficiency, such as through supporting--
            (A) the promotion of advanced technology and modern 
        operating practices in Ukraine's oil and gas sector;
            (B) modern geophysical and meteorological survey work as 
        needed followed by international tenders to help attract 
        qualified investment into exploration and development of areas 
        with untapped resources in Ukraine;
            (C) a broadening of Ukraine's electric power transmission 
        interconnection with Europe;
            (D) the strengthening of Ukraine's capability to maintain 
        electric power grid stability and reliability;
            (E) independent regulatory oversight and operations of 
        Ukraine's gas market and electricity sector;
            (F) the implementation of primary gas law including 
        pricing, tariff structure, and legal regulatory implementation;
            (G) privatization of government owned energy companies 
        through credible legal frameworks and a transparent process 
        compliant with international best practices;
            (H) procurement and transport of emergency fuel supplies, 
        including reverse pipeline flows from Europe;
            (I) provision of technical assistance for crisis planning, 
        crisis response, and public outreach;
            (J) repair of infrastructure to enable the transport of 
        fuel supplies;
            (K) repair of power generating or power transmission 
        equipment or facilities; and
            (L) improved building energy efficiency and other measures 
        designed to reduce energy demand in Ukraine.
        (3) Reports.--
            (A) Implementation of ukraine freedom support act of 2014 
        provisions.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit to 
        the appropriate congressional committees a report detailing the 
        status of implementing the provisions required under section 
        7(c) of the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C. 
        8926(c)), including detailing the plans required under that 
        section, the level of funding that has been allocated to and 
        expended for the strategies set forth under that section, and 
        progress that has been made in implementing the strategies 
        developed pursuant to that section.
            (B) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, and every 180 days thereafter, the 
        Secretary of State shall submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a report detailing the plan developed 
        under paragraph (1), the level of funding that has been 
        allocated to and expended for the strategies set forth in 
        paragraph (2), and progress that has been made in implementing 
        the strategies.
            (C) Briefings.--The Secretary of State, or a designee of 
        the Secretary, shall brief the appropriate congressional 
        committees not later than 30 days after the submission of each 
        report under subparagraph (B). In addition, the Department of 
        State shall make relevant officials available upon request to 
        brief the appropriate congressional committees on all available 
        information that relates directly or indirectly to Ukraine or 
        energy security in Eastern Europe.
            (D) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--In this 
        paragraph, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means--
                (i) the Committee on Foreign Relations and the 
            Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and
                (ii) the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee 
            on Appropriations of the House of Representatives.
    (c) Supporting Efforts of Countries in Europe and Eurasia To 
Decrease Their Dependence on Russian Sources of Energy.--
        (1) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (A) The Government of the Russian Federation uses its 
        strong position in the energy sector as leverage to manipulate 
        the internal politics and foreign relations of the countries of 
        Europe and Eurasia.
            (B) This influence is based not only on the Russian 
        Federation's oil and natural gas resources, but also on its 
        state-owned nuclear power and electricity companies.
        (2) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (A) the United States should assist the efforts of the 
        countries of Europe and Eurasia to enhance their energy 
        security through diversification of energy supplies in order to 
        lessen dependencies on Russian Federation energy resources and 
        state-owned entities; and
            (B) the Export-Import Bank of the United States and the 
        Overseas Private Investment Corporation should play key roles 
        in supporting critical energy projects that contribute to that 
        goal.
        (3) Use of countering russian influence fund to provide 
    technical assistance.--Amounts in the Countering Russian Influence 
    Fund pursuant to section 254 shall be used to provide technical 
    advice to countries described in subsection (b)(1) of such section 
    designed to enhance energy security and lessen dependence on energy 
    from Russian Federation sources.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated for the Department of State a total of $30,000,000 for 
fiscal years 2018 and 2019 to carry out the strategies set forth in 
subsection (b)(2) and other activities under this section related to 
the promotion of energy security in Ukraine.
    (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed as affecting the responsibilities required and authorities 
provided under section 7 of the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014 (22 
U.S.C. 8926).
    SEC. 258. TERMINATION.
    The provisions of this subtitle shall terminate on the date that is 
5 years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 259. APPROPRIATE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES DEFINED.
    Except as otherwise provided, in this subtitle, the term 
``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
        (1) the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on 
    Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, the Committee on Armed 
    Services, the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
    Affairs, the Committee on Appropriations, and the Select Committee 
    on Intelligence of the Senate; and
        (2) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on 
    Financial Services, the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
    on Homeland Security, the Committee on Appropriations, and the 
    Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
    Representatives.

         Subtitle C--Combating Terrorism and Illicit Financing

  PART 1--NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR COMBATING TERRORIST AND OTHER ILLICIT 
                               FINANCING

    SEC. 261. DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL STRATEGY.
    (a) In General.--The President, acting through the Secretary, 
shall, in consultation with the Attorney General, the Secretary of 
State, the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Director of National 
Intelligence, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, and 
the appropriate Federal banking agencies and Federal functional 
regulators, develop a national strategy for combating the financing of 
terrorism and related forms of illicit finance.
    (b) Transmittal to Congress.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the 
    appropriate congressional committees a comprehensive national 
    strategy developed in accordance with subsection (a).
        (2) Updates.--Not later than January 31, 2020, and January 31, 
    2022, the President shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
    committees updated versions of the national strategy submitted 
    under paragraph (1).
    (c) Separate Presentation of Classified Material.--Any part of the 
national strategy that involves information that is properly classified 
under criteria established by the President shall be submitted to 
Congress separately in a classified annex and, if requested by the 
chairman or ranking member of one of the appropriate congressional 
committees, as a briefing at an appropriate level of security.
    SEC. 262. CONTENTS OF NATIONAL STRATEGY.
    The strategy described in section 261 shall contain the following:
        (1) Evaluation of existing efforts.--An assessment of the 
    effectiveness of and ways in which the United States is currently 
    addressing the highest levels of risk of various forms of illicit 
    finance, including those identified in the documents entitled 
    ``2015 National Money Laundering Risk Assessment'' and ``2015 
    National Terrorist Financing Risk Assessment'', published by the 
    Department of the Treasury and a description of how the strategy is 
    integrated into, and supports, the broader counter terrorism 
    strategy of the United States.
        (2) Goals, objectives, and priorities.--A comprehensive, 
    research-based, long-range, quantifiable discussion of goals, 
    objectives, and priorities for disrupting and preventing illicit 
    finance activities within and transiting the financial system of 
    the United States that outlines priorities to reduce the incidence, 
    dollar value, and effects of illicit finance.
        (3) Threats.--An identification of the most significant illicit 
    finance threats to the financial system of the United States.
        (4) Reviews and proposed changes.--Reviews of enforcement 
    efforts, relevant regulations and relevant provisions of law and, 
    if appropriate, discussions of proposed changes determined to be 
    appropriate to ensure that the United States pursues coordinated 
    and effective efforts at all levels of government, and with 
    international partners of the United States, in the fight against 
    illicit finance.
        (5) Detection and prosecution initiatives.--A description of 
    efforts to improve, as necessary, detection and prosecution of 
    illicit finance, including efforts to ensure that--
            (A) subject to legal restrictions, all appropriate data 
        collected by the Federal Government that is relevant to the 
        efforts described in this section be available in a timely 
        fashion to--
                (i) all appropriate Federal departments and agencies; 
            and
                (ii) as appropriate and consistent with section 314 of 
            the International Money Laundering Abatement and Financial 
            Anti-Terrorism Act of 2001 (31 U.S.C. 5311 note), to 
            financial institutions to assist the financial institutions 
            in efforts to comply with laws aimed at curbing illicit 
            finance; and
            (B) appropriate efforts are undertaken to ensure that 
        Federal departments and agencies charged with reducing and 
        preventing illicit finance make thorough use of publicly 
        available data in furtherance of this effort.
        (6) The role of the private financial sector in prevention of 
    illicit finance.--A discussion of ways to enhance partnerships 
    between the private financial sector and Federal departments and 
    agencies with regard to the prevention and detection of illicit 
    finance, including--
            (A) efforts to facilitate compliance with laws aimed at 
        stopping such illicit finance while maintaining the 
        effectiveness of such efforts; and
            (B) providing guidance to strengthen internal controls and 
        to adopt on an industry-wide basis more effective policies.
        (7) Enhancement of intergovernmental cooperation.--A discussion 
    of ways to combat illicit finance by enhancing--
            (A) cooperative efforts between and among Federal, State, 
        and local officials, including State regulators, State and 
        local prosecutors, and other law enforcement officials; and
            (B) cooperative efforts with and between governments of 
        countries and with and between multinational institutions with 
        expertise in fighting illicit finance, including the Financial 
        Action Task Force and the Egmont Group of Financial 
        Intelligence Units.
        (8) Trend analysis of emerging illicit finance threats.--A 
    discussion of and data regarding trends in illicit finance, 
    including evolving forms of value transfer such as so-called 
    cryptocurrencies, other methods that are computer, 
    telecommunications, or Internet-based, cyber crime, or any other 
    threats that the Secretary may choose to identify.
        (9) Budget priorities.--A multiyear budget plan that identifies 
    sufficient resources needed to successfully execute the full range 
    of missions called for in this section.
        (10) Technology enhancements.--An analysis of current and 
    developing ways to leverage technology to improve the effectiveness 
    of efforts to stop the financing of terrorism and other forms of 
    illicit finance, including better integration of open-source data.

PART 2--ENHANCING ANTITERRORISM TOOLS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY

    SEC. 271. IMPROVING ANTITERROR FINANCE MONITORING OF FUNDS 
      TRANSFERS.
    (a) Study.--
        (1) In general.--To improve the ability of the Department of 
    the Treasury to better track cross-border fund transfers and 
    identify potential financing of terrorist or other forms of illicit 
    finance, the Secretary shall carry out a study to assess--
            (A) the potential efficacy of requiring banking regulators 
        to establish a pilot program to provide technical assistance to 
        depository institutions and credit unions that wish to provide 
        account services to money services businesses serving 
        individuals in Somalia;
            (B) whether such a pilot program could be a model for 
        improving the ability of United States persons to make 
        legitimate funds transfers through transparent and easily 
        monitored channels while preserving strict compliance with the 
        Bank Secrecy Act (Public Law 91-508; 84 Stat. 1114) and related 
        controls aimed at stopping money laundering and the financing 
        of terrorism; and
            (C) consistent with current legal requirements regarding 
        confidential supervisory information, the potential impact of 
        allowing money services businesses to share certain State 
        examination information with depository institutions and credit 
        unions, or whether another appropriate mechanism could be 
        identified to allow a similar exchange of information to give 
        the depository institutions and credit unions a better 
        understanding of whether an individual money services business 
        is adequately meeting its anti-money laundering and counter-
        terror financing obligations to combat money laundering, the 
        financing of terror, or related illicit finance.
        (2) Public input.--The Secretary should solicit and consider 
    public input as appropriate in developing the study required under 
    subsection (a).
    (b) Report.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs and the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Financial Services and the 
Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives a report 
that contains all findings and determinations made in carrying out the 
study required under subsection (a).
    SEC. 272. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION REGARDING 
      TERRORIST FINANCING INTELLIGENCE.
    It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary, acting through the 
Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Crimes, should intensify 
work with foreign partners to help the foreign partners develop 
intelligence analytic capacities, in a financial intelligence unit, 
finance ministry, or other appropriate agency, that are--
        (1) commensurate to the threats faced by the foreign partner; 
    and
        (2) designed to better integrate intelligence efforts with the 
    anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing regimes of 
    the foreign partner.
    SEC. 273. EXAMINING THE COUNTER-TERROR FINANCING ROLE OF THE 
      DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IN EMBASSIES.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Banking, Housing, 
and Urban Affairs and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate 
and the Committee on Financial Services and the Committee on Foreign 
Affairs of the House of Representatives a report that contains--
        (1) a list of the United States embassies in which a full-time 
    Department of the Treasury financial attache is stationed and a 
    description of how the interests of the Department of the Treasury 
    relating to terrorist financing and money laundering are addressed 
    (via regional attaches or otherwise) at United States embassies 
    where no such attaches are present;
        (2) a list of the United States embassies at which the 
    Department of the Treasury has assigned a technical assistance 
    advisor from the Office of Technical Assistance of the Department 
    of the Treasury;
        (3) an overview of how Department of the Treasury financial 
    attaches and technical assistance advisors assist in efforts to 
    counter illicit finance, to include money laundering, terrorist 
    financing, and proliferation financing; and
        (4) an overview of patterns, trends, or other issues identified 
    by the Department of the Treasury and whether resources are 
    sufficient to address these issues.
    SEC. 274. INCLUSION OF SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY ON THE NATIONAL 
      SECURITY COUNCIL.
    (a) In General.--Section 101(c)(1) of the National Security Act of 
1947 (50 U.S.C. 3021(c)(1)) is amended by inserting ``the Secretary of 
the Treasury,'' before ``and such other officers''.
    (b) Rule of Construction.--The amendment made by subsection (a) may 
not be construed to authorize the National Security Council to have a 
professional staff level that exceeds the limitation set forth under 
section 101(e)(3) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 
3021(e)(3)).
    SEC. 275. INCLUSION OF ALL FUNDS.
    (a) In General.--Section 5326 of title 31, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in the heading of such section, by striking ``coin and 
    currency'';
        (2) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by striking ``subtitle and'' and inserting ``subtitle 
        or to''; and
            (B) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``United States coins 
        or currency (or such other monetary instruments as the 
        Secretary may describe in such order)'' and inserting ``funds 
        (as the Secretary may describe in such order),''; and
        (3) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``coins or currency 
        (or monetary instruments)'' and inserting ``funds''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``coins or currency (or 
        such other monetary instruments as the Secretary may describe 
        in the regulation or order)'' and inserting ``funds (as the 
        Secretary may describe in the regulation or order)''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents for chapter 53 of 
title 31, United States Code, is amended in the item relating to 
section 5326 by striking ``coin and currency''.

                          PART 3--DEFINITIONS

    SEC. 281. DEFINITIONS.
    In this subtitle--
        (1) the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, 
        the Committee on Foreign Relations, Committee on Armed 
        Services, Committee on the Judiciary, Committee on Homeland 
        Security and Governmental Affairs, and the Select Committee on 
        Intelligence of the Senate; and
            (B) the Committee on Financial Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
        on the Judiciary, Committee on Homeland Security, and the 
        Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
        Representatives;
        (2) the term ``appropriate Federal banking agencies'' has the 
    meaning given the term in section 3 of the Federal Deposit 
    Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813);
        (3) the term ``Bank Secrecy Act'' means--
            (A) section 21 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 
        U.S.C. 1829b);
            (B) chapter 2 of title I of Public Law 91-508 (12 U.S.C. 
        1951 et seq.); and
            (C) subchapter II of chapter 53 of title 31, United States 
        Code;
        (4) the term ``Federal functional regulator'' has the meaning 
    given that term in section 509 of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (15 
    U.S.C. 6809);
        (5) the term ``illicit finance'' means the financing of 
    terrorism, narcotics trafficking, or proliferation, money 
    laundering, or other forms of illicit financing domestically or 
    internationally, as defined by the President;
        (6) the term ``money services business'' has the meaning given 
    the term under section 1010.100 of title 31, Code of Federal 
    Regulations;
        (7) the term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of the Treasury; 
    and
        (8) the term ``State'' means each of the several States, the 
    District of Columbia, and each territory or possession of the 
    United States.

                    Subtitle D--Rule of Construction

    SEC. 291. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.
    Nothing in this title or the amendments made by this title (other 
than sections 216 and 236(b)) shall be construed to limit the authority 
of the President under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act 
(50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).
    SEC. 292. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF ARTICLE 
      5 OF THE NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY.
    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) The principle of collective defense of the North Atlantic 
    Treaty Organization (NATO) is immortalized in Article 5 of the 
    North Atlantic Treaty in which members pledge that ``an armed 
    attack against one or more of them in Europe or North America shall 
    be considered an attack against them all''.
        (2) For almost 7 decades, the principle of collective defense 
    has effectively served as a strategic deterrent for the member 
    nations of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and provided 
    stability throughout the world, strengthening the security of the 
    United States and all 28 other member nations.
        (3) Following the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in New 
    York, Washington, and Pennsylvania, the Alliance agreed to invoke 
    Article 5 for the first time, affirming its commitment to 
    collective defense.
        (4) Countries that are members of the North Atlantic Treaty 
    Organization have made historic contributions and sacrifices while 
    combating terrorism in Afghanistan through the International 
    Security Assistance Force and the Resolute Support Mission.
        (5) The recent attacks in the United Kingdom underscore the 
    importance of an international alliance to combat hostile nation 
    states and terrorist groups.
        (6) At the 2014 NATO summit in Wales, the member countries of 
    the North Atlantic Treaty Organization decided that all countries 
    that are members of NATO would spend an amount equal to 2 percent 
    of their gross domestic product on defense by 2024.
        (7) Collective defense unites the 29 members of the North 
    Atlantic Treaty Organization, each committing to protecting and 
    supporting one another from external adversaries, which bolsters 
    the North Atlantic Alliance.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress--
        (1) to express the vital importance of Article 5 of the North 
    Atlantic Treaty, the charter of the North Atlantic Treaty 
    Organization, as it continues to serve as a critical deterrent to 
    potential hostile nations and terrorist organizations;
        (2) to remember the first and only invocation of Article 5 by 
    the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in support of the United 
    States after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001;
        (3) to affirm that the United States remains fully committed to 
    the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and will honor its 
    obligations enshrined in Article 5; and
        (4) to condemn any threat to the sovereignty, territorial 
    integrity, freedom, or democracy of any country that is a member of 
    the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

            TITLE III--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO NORTH KOREA

    SEC. 301. SHORT TITLE.
    This title may be cited as the ``Korean Interdiction and 
Modernization of Sanctions Act''.
    SEC. 302. DEFINITIONS.
    (a) Amendments to Definitions in the North Korea Sanctions and 
Policy Enhancement Act of 2016.--
        (1) Applicable executive order.--Section 3(1)(A) of the North 
    Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 
    9202(1)(A)) is amended--
            (A) by striking ``or Executive Order 13694'' and inserting 
        ``Executive Order No. 13694''; and
            (B) by inserting ``or Executive Order No. 13722 (50 U.S.C. 
        1701 note; relating to blocking the property of the Government 
        of North Korea and the Workers' Party of Korea, and Prohibiting 
        Certain Transactions With Respect to North Korea),'' before 
        ``to the extent''.
        (2) Applicable united nations security council resolution.--
    Section 3(2)(A) of the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement 
    Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9202(2)(A)) is amended by striking ``or 2094 
    (2013)'' and inserting ``2094 (2013), 2270 (2016), or 2321 
    (2016)''.
        (3) Foreign person.--Section 3 of the North Korea Sanctions and 
    Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9202) is amended--
            (A) by redesignating paragraphs (5) through (14) as 
        paragraphs (6) through (15), respectively; and
            (B) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
        paragraph:
        ``(5) Foreign person.--The term `foreign person' means--
            ``(A) an individual who is not a United States citizen or 
        an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence to the 
        United States; or
            ``(B) an entity that is not a United States person.''.
        (4) Luxury goods.--Paragraph (9) of section 3 of the North 
    Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 
    9202), as redesignated by paragraph (3) of this subsection, is 
    amended--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(C) also includes any items so designated under an 
        applicable United Nations Security Council resolution.''.
        (5) North korean person.--Section 3 of the North Korea 
    Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9202), as 
    amended by paragraph (3) of this subsection, is further amended--
            (A) by redesignating paragraphs (13) through (15) as 
        paragraphs (14) through (16), respectively; and
            (B) by inserting after paragraph (12) the following new 
        paragraph:
        ``(13) North korean person.--The term `North Korean person' 
    means--
            ``(A) a North Korean citizen or national; or
            ``(B) an entity owned or controlled by the Government of 
        North Korea or by a North Korean citizen or national.''.
    (b) Definitions for Purposes of This Act.--In this title:
        (1) Applicable united nations security council resolution; 
    luxury goods.--The terms ``applicable United Nations Security 
    Council resolution'' and ``luxury goods'' have the meanings given 
    those terms, respectively, in section 3 of the North Korea 
    Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9202), as 
    amended by subsection (a).
        (2) Appropriate congressional committees; government of north 
    korea; united states person.--The terms ``appropriate congressional 
    committees'', ``Government of North Korea'', and ``United States 
    person'' have the meanings given those terms, respectively, in 
    section 3 of the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act 
    of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9202).
        (3) Foreign person; north korean person.--The terms ``foreign 
    person'' and ``North Korean person'' have the meanings given those 
    terms, respectively, in paragraph (5) and paragraph (13) of section 
    3 of the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 
    (22 U.S.C. 9202(5) and 9202(13)), as added by subsection (a).
        (4) Prohibited weapons program.--The term ``prohibited weapons 
    program'' means--
            (A) any program related to the development of nuclear, 
        chemical, or biological weapons, and their means of delivery, 
        including ballistic missiles; and
            (B) any program to develop related materials with respect 
        to a program described in subparagraph (A).

Subtitle A--Sanctions to Enforce and Implement United Nations Security 
                 Council Sanctions Against North Korea

    SEC. 311. MODIFICATION AND EXPANSION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR THE 
      DESIGNATION OF PERSONS.
    (a) Expansion of Mandatory Designations.--Section 104(a) of the 
North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 
9214(a)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (9), by striking ``; or'' and inserting ``or 
    any defense article or defense service (as such terms are defined 
    in section 47 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2794));'';
        (2) by redesignating paragraph (10) as paragraph (15);
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following new 
    paragraphs:
        ``(10) knowingly, directly or indirectly, purchases or 
    otherwise acquires from North Korea any significant amounts of 
    gold, titanium ore, vanadium ore, copper, silver, nickel, zinc, or 
    rare earth minerals;
        ``(11) knowingly, directly or indirectly, sells or transfers to 
    North Korea any significant amounts of rocket, aviation, or jet 
    fuel (except for use by a civilian passenger aircraft outside North 
    Korea, exclusively for consumption during its flight to North Korea 
    or its return flight);
        ``(12) knowingly, directly or indirectly, provides significant 
    amounts of fuel or supplies, provides bunkering services, or 
    facilitates a significant transaction or transactions to operate or 
    maintain, a vessel or aircraft that is designated under an 
    applicable Executive order or an applicable United Nations Security 
    Council resolution, or that is owned or controlled by a person 
    designated under an applicable Executive order or applicable United 
    Nations Security Council resolution;
        ``(13) knowingly, directly or indirectly, insures, registers, 
    facilitates the registration of, or maintains insurance or a 
    registration for, a vessel owned or controlled by the Government of 
    North Korea, except as specifically approved by the United Nations 
    Security Council;
        ``(14) knowingly, directly or indirectly, maintains a 
    correspondent account (as defined in section 201A(d)(1)) with any 
    North Korean financial institution, except as specifically approved 
    by the United Nations Security Council; or''; and
        (4) in paragraph (15), as so redesignated, by striking ``(9)'' 
    and inserting ``(14)''.
    (b) Expansion of Additional Discretionary Designations.--
        (1) In general.--Section 104(b)(1) of the North Korea Sanctions 
    and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9214(b)(1)) is 
    amended--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``pursuant to an 
        applicable United Nations Security Council resolution;'' and 
        inserting the following: ``pursuant to--
                ``(i) an applicable United Nations Security Council 
            resolution;
                ``(ii) any regulation promulgated under section 404; or
                ``(iii) any applicable Executive order;'';
            (B) in subparagraph (B)(iii), by striking ``or'' at the 
        end;
            (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting a semicolon; and
            (D) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
            ``(D) knowingly, directly or indirectly, purchased or 
        otherwise acquired from the Government of North Korea 
        significant quantities of coal, iron, or iron ore, in excess of 
        the limitations provided in applicable United Nations Security 
        Council resolutions;
            ``(E) knowingly, directly or indirectly, purchased or 
        otherwise acquired significant types or amounts of textiles 
        from the Government of North Korea;
            ``(F) knowingly facilitated a significant transfer of funds 
        or property of the Government of North Korea that materially 
        contributes to any violation of an applicable United National 
        Security Council resolution;
            ``(G) knowingly, directly or indirectly, facilitated a 
        significant transfer to or from the Government of North Korea 
        of bulk cash, precious metals, gemstones, or other stores of 
        value not described under subsection (a)(10);
            ``(H) knowingly, directly or indirectly, sold, transferred, 
        or otherwise provided significant amounts of crude oil, 
        condensates, refined petroleum, other types of petroleum or 
        petroleum byproducts, liquified natural gas, or other natural 
        gas resources to the Government of North Korea (except for 
        heavy fuel oil, gasoline, or diesel fuel for humanitarian use 
        or as excepted under subsection (a)(11));
            ``(I) knowingly, directly or indirectly, engaged in, 
        facilitated, or was responsible for the online commercial 
        activities of the Government of North Korea, including online 
        gambling;
            ``(J) knowingly, directly or indirectly, purchased or 
        otherwise acquired fishing rights from the Government of North 
        Korea;
            ``(K) knowingly, directly or indirectly, purchased or 
        otherwise acquired significant types or amounts of food or 
        agricultural products from the Government of North Korea;
            ``(L) knowingly, directly or indirectly, engaged in, 
        facilitated, or was responsible for the exportation of workers 
        from North Korea in a manner intended to generate significant 
        revenue, directly or indirectly, for use by the Government of 
        North Korea or by the Workers' Party of Korea;
            ``(M) knowingly conducted a significant transaction or 
        transactions in North Korea's transportation, mining, energy, 
        or financial services industries; or
            ``(N) except as specifically approved by the United Nations 
        Security Council, and other than through a correspondent 
        account as described in subsection (a)(14), knowingly 
        facilitated the operation of any branch, subsidiary, or office 
        of a North Korean financial institution.''.
        (2) Effective date.--The amendments made by paragraph (1) take 
    effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and apply with 
    respect to conduct described in subparagraphs (D) through (N) of 
    section 104(b)(1) of the North Korea Sanctions and Policy 
    Enhancement Act of 2016, as added by paragraph (1), engaged in on 
    or after such date of enactment.
    (c) Mandatory and Discretionary Asset Blocking.--Section 104(c) of 
the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 
9214(c)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``of a designated person'' and inserting ``of a 
    person designated under subsection (a)'';
        (2) by striking ``The President'' and inserting the following:
        ``(1) Mandatory asset blocking.--The President''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(2) Discretionary asset blocking.--The President may also 
    exercise such powers, in the same manner and to the same extent 
    described in paragraph (1), with respect to a person designated 
    under subsection (b).''.
    (d) Designation of Additional Persons.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the 
    appropriate congressional committees a report including a 
    determination as to whether reasonable grounds exist, and an 
    explanation of the reasons for any determination that such grounds 
    do not exist, to designate, pursuant to section 104 of the North 
    Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 
    9214), as amended by this section, each of the following:
            (A) The Korea Shipowners' Protection and Indemnity 
        Association, a North Korean insurance company, with respect to 
        facilitating imports, exports, and reexports of arms and 
        related materiel to and from North Korea, or for other 
        activities prohibited by such section 104.
            (B) Chinpo Shipping Company (Private) Limited, a Singapore 
        corporation, with respect to facilitating imports, exports, and 
        reexports of arms and related materiel to and from North Korea.
            (C) The Central Bank of the Democratic People's Republic of 
        Korea, with respect to the sale of gold to, the receipt of gold 
        from, or the import or export of gold by the Government of 
        North Korea.
            (D) Kumgang Economic Development Corporation (KKG), with 
        respect to being an entity controlled by Bureau 39 of the 
        Workers' Party of the Government of North Korea.
            (E) Sam Pa, also known as Xu Jinghua, Xu Songhua, Sa Muxu, 
        Samo, Sampa, or Sam King, and any entities owned or controlled 
        by such individual, with respect to transactions with KKG.
            (F) The Chamber of Commerce of the Democratic People's 
        Republic of Korea, with respect to the exportation of workers 
        in violation of section 104(a)(5) or of section 104(b)(1)(M) of 
        such Act, as amended by subsection (b) of this section.
        (2) Form.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) may contain 
    a classified annex.
    SEC. 312. PROHIBITION ON INDIRECT CORRESPONDENT ACCOUNTS.
    (a) In General.--Title II of the North Korea Sanctions and Policy 
Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9221 et seq.) is amended by 
inserting after section 201 the following new section:
``SEC. 201A. PROHIBITION ON INDIRECT CORRESPONDENT ACCOUNTS.
    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), if a 
United States financial institution has or obtains knowledge that a 
correspondent account established, maintained, administered, or managed 
by that institution for a foreign financial institution is being used 
by the foreign financial institution to provide significant financial 
services indirectly to any person, foreign government, or financial 
institution designated under section 104, the United States financial 
institution shall ensure that such correspondent account is no longer 
used to provide such services.
    ``(b) Exception.--A United States financial institution is 
authorized to process transfers of funds to or from North Korea, or for 
the direct or indirect benefit of any person, foreign government, or 
financial institution that is designated under section 104, only if the 
transfer--
        ``(1) arises from, and is ordinarily incident and necessary to 
    give effect to, an underlying transaction that has been authorized 
    by a specific or general license issued by the Secretary of the 
    Treasury; and
        ``(2) does not involve debiting or crediting a North Korean 
    account.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Correspondent account.--The term `correspondent account' 
    has the meaning given that term in section 5318A of title 31, 
    United States Code.
        ``(2) United states financial institution.--The term `United 
    States financial institution' means has the meaning given that term 
    in section 510.310 of title 31, Code of Federal Regulations, as in 
    effect on the date of the enactment of this section.
        ``(3) Foreign financial institution.--The term `foreign 
    financial institution' has the meaning given that term in section 
    1010.605 of title 31, Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on 
    the date of the enactment of this section.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 is amended 
by inserting after the item relating to section 201 the following new 
item:

``Sec. 201A. Prohibition on indirect correspondent accounts.''.
    SEC. 313. LIMITATIONS ON FOREIGN ASSISTANCE TO NONCOMPLIANT 
      GOVERNMENTS.
    Section 203 of the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act 
of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9223) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in the heading, by striking ``Transactions in Lethal 
        Military Equipment'' and inserting ``Transactions in Defense 
        Articles or Defense Services'';
            (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``that provides lethal 
        military equipment to the Government of North Korea'' and 
        inserting ``that provides to or receives from the Government of 
        North Korea a defense article or defense service, as such terms 
        are defined in section 47 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 
        U.S.C. 2794), if the President determines that a significant 
        type or amount of such article or service has been so provided 
        or received''; and
            (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``1 year'' and inserting 
        ``2 years'';
        (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``or emergency'' and 
    inserting ``maternal and child health, disease prevention and 
    response, or''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Report on Arms Trafficking Involving North Korea.--
        ``(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this subsection, and annually thereafter for 5 
    years, the Secretary of State shall submit to the appropriate 
    congressional committees a report that specifically describes the 
    compliance of foreign countries and other foreign jurisdictions 
    with the requirement to curtail the trade described in subsection 
    (b)(1).
        ``(2) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall be 
    submitted in unclassified form but may contain a classified 
    annex.''.
    SEC. 314. AMENDMENTS TO ENHANCE INSPECTION AUTHORITIES.
    Title II of the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 
2016 (22 U.S.C. 9221 et seq.), as amended by section 102 of this Act, 
is further amended by striking section 205 and inserting the following:
    ``SEC. 205. ENHANCED INSPECTION AUTHORITIES.
    ``(a) Report Required.--
        ``(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this section, and annually thereafter for 5 years, 
    the President shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
    committees a report--
            ``(A) identifying the operators of foreign sea ports and 
        airports that knowingly--
                ``(i) significantly fail to implement or enforce 
            regulations to inspect ships, aircraft, cargo, or 
            conveyances in transit to or from North Korea, as required 
            by applicable United Nations Security Council resolutions;
                ``(ii) facilitate the transfer, transshipment, or 
            conveyance of significant types or quantities of cargo, 
            vessels, or aircraft owned or controlled by persons 
            designated under applicable United Nations Security Council 
            resolutions; or
                ``(iii) facilitate any of the activities described in 
            section 104(a);
            ``(B) describing the extent to which the requirements of 
        applicable United Nations Security Council resolutions to de-
        register any vessel owned, controlled, or operated by or on 
        behalf of the Government of North Korea have been implemented 
        by other foreign countries;
            ``(C) describing the compliance of the Islamic Republic of 
        Iran with the sanctions mandated in applicable United Nations 
        Security Council resolutions;
            ``(D) identifying vessels, aircraft, and conveyances owned 
        or controlled by the Reconnaissance General Bureau of the 
        Workers' Party of Korea; and
            ``(E) describing the diplomatic and enforcement efforts by 
        the President to secure the full implementation of the 
        applicable United Nations Security Council resolutions, as 
        described in subparagraphs (A) through (C).
        ``(2) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall be 
    submitted in unclassified form but may contain a classified annex.
    ``(b) Specific Findings.--Each report required under subsection (a) 
shall include specific findings with respect to the following ports and 
airports:
        ``(1) The ports of Dandong, Dalian, and any other port in the 
    People's Republic of China that the President deems appropriate.
        ``(2) The ports of Abadan, Bandar-e-Abbas, Chabahar, Bandar-e-
    Khomeini, Bushehr Port, Asaluyeh Port, Kish, Kharg Island, Bandar-
    e-Lenge, and Khorramshahr, and Tehran Imam Khomeini International 
    Airport, in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
        ``(3) The ports of Nakhodka, Vanino, and Vladivostok, in the 
    Russian Federation.
        ``(4) The ports of Latakia, Banias, and Tartous, and Damascus 
    International Airport, in the Syrian Arab Republic.
    ``(c) Enhanced Security Targeting Requirements.--
        ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
    Secretary of Homeland Security may, using a layered approach, 
    require enhanced screening procedures to determine whether physical 
    inspections are warranted of any cargo bound for or landed in the 
    United States that--
            ``(A) has been transported through a sea port or airport 
        the operator of which has been identified by the President in 
        accordance with subsection (a)(1) as having repeatedly failed 
        to comply with applicable United Nations Security Council 
        resolutions;
            ``(B) is aboard a vessel or aircraft, or within a 
        conveyance that has, within the last 365 days, entered the 
        territory or waters of North Korea, or landed in any of the sea 
        ports or airports of North Korea; or
            ``(C) is registered by a country or jurisdiction whose 
        compliance has been identified by the President as deficient 
        pursuant to subsection (a)(2).
        ``(2) Exception for food, medicine, and humanitarian 
    shipments.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any vessel, aircraft, 
    or conveyance that has entered the territory or waters of North 
    Korea, or landed in any of the sea ports or airports of North 
    Korea, exclusively for the purposes described in section 
    208(b)(3)(B), or to import food, medicine, or supplies into North 
    Korea to meet the humanitarian needs of the North Korean people.
    ``(d) Seizure and Forfeiture.--A vessel, aircraft, or conveyance 
used to facilitate any of the activities described in section 104(a) 
under the jurisdiction of the United States may be seized and 
forfeited, or subject to forfeiture, under--
        ``(1) chapter 46 of title 18, United States Code; or
        ``(2) part V of title IV of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 
    1581 et seq.).''.
    SEC. 315. ENFORCING COMPLIANCE WITH UNITED NATIONS SHIPPING 
      SANCTIONS AGAINST NORTH KOREA.
    (a) In General.--The Ports and Waterways Safety Act (33 U.S.C. 1221 
et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
  ``SEC. 16. PROHIBITION ON ENTRY AND OPERATION.
    ``(a) Prohibition.--
        ``(1) In general.--Except as otherwise provided in this 
    section, no vessel described in subsection (b) may enter or operate 
    in the navigable waters of the United States or transfer cargo in 
    any port or place under the jurisdiction of the United States.
        ``(2) Limitations on application.--
            ``(A) In general.--The prohibition under paragraph (1) 
        shall not apply with respect to--
                ``(i) a vessel described in subsection (b)(1), if the 
            Secretary of State determines that--

                    ``(I) the vessel is owned or operated by or on 
                behalf of a country the government of which the 
                Secretary of State determines is closely cooperating 
                with the United States with respect to implementing the 
                applicable United Nations Security Council resolutions 
                (as such term is defined in section 3 of the North 
                Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016); or
                    ``(II) it is in the national security interest not 
                to apply the prohibition to such vessel; or

                ``(ii) a vessel described in subsection (b)(2), if the 
            Secretary of State determines that the vessel is no longer 
            registered as described in that subsection.
            ``(B) Notice.--Not later than 15 days after making a 
        determination under subparagraph (A), the Secretary of State 
        shall submit to the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the 
        Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations and the 
        Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
        Senate written notice of the determination and the basis upon 
        which the determination was made.
            ``(C) Publication.--The Secretary of State shall publish a 
        notice in the Federal Register of each determination made under 
        subparagraph (A).
    ``(b) Vessels Described.--A vessel referred to in subsection (a) is 
a foreign vessel for which a notice of arrival is required to be filed 
under section 4(a)(5), and that--
        ``(1) is on the most recent list of vessels published in 
    Federal Register under subsection (c)(2); or
        ``(2) more than 180 days after the publication of such list, is 
    knowingly registered, pursuant to the 1958 Convention on the High 
    Seas entered into force on September 30, 1962, by a government the 
    agents or instrumentalities of which are maintaining a registration 
    of a vessel that is included on such list.
    ``(c) Information and Publication.--The Secretary of the department 
in which the Coast Guard is operating, with the concurrence of the 
Secretary of State, shall--
        ``(1) maintain timely information on the registrations of all 
    foreign vessels over 300 gross tons that are known to be--
            ``(A) owned or operated by or on behalf of the Government 
        of North Korea or a North Korean person;
            ``(B) owned or operated by or on behalf of any country in 
        which a sea port is located, the operator of which the 
        President has identified in the most recent report submitted 
        under section 205(a)(1)(A) of the North Korea Sanctions and 
        Policy Enhancement Act of 2016; or
            ``(C) owned or operated by or on behalf of any country 
        identified by the President as a country that has not complied 
        with the applicable United Nations Security Council resolutions 
        (as such term is defined in section 3 of such Act); and
        ``(2) not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
    of this section, and periodically thereafter, publish in the 
    Federal Register a list of the vessels described in paragraph (1).
    ``(d) Notification of Governments.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of State shall notify each 
    government, the agents or instrumentalities of which are 
    maintaining a registration of a foreign vessel that is included on 
    a list published under subsection (c)(2), not later than 30 days 
    after such publication, that all vessels registered under such 
    government's authority are subject to subsection (a).
        ``(2) Additional notification.--In the case of a government 
    that continues to maintain a registration for a vessel that is 
    included on such list after receiving an initial notification under 
    paragraph (1), the Secretary shall issue an additional notification 
    to such government not later than 120 days after the publication of 
    a list under subsection (c)(2).
    ``(e) Notification of Vessels.--Upon receiving a notice of arrival 
under section 4(a)(5) from a vessel described in subsection (b), the 
Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating shall 
notify the master of such vessel that the vessel may not enter or 
operate in the navigable waters of the United States or transfer cargo 
in any port or place under the jurisdiction of the United States, 
unless--
        ``(1) the Secretary of State has made a determination under 
    subsection (a)(2); or
        ``(2) the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard 
    is operating allows provisional entry of the vessel, or transfer of 
    cargo from the vessel, under subsection (f).
    ``(f) Provisional Entry or Cargo Transfer.--Notwithstanding any 
other provision of this section, the Secretary of the department in 
which the Coast Guard is operating may allow provisional entry of, or 
transfer of cargo from, a vessel, if such entry or transfer is 
necessary for the safety of the vessel or persons aboard.
    ``(g) Right of Innocent Passage and Right of Transit Passage.--This 
section shall not be construed as authority to restrict the right of 
innocent passage or the right of transit passage as recognized under 
international law.
    ``(h) Foreign Vessel Defined.--In this section, the term `foreign 
vessel' has the meaning given that term in section 110 of title 46, 
United States Code.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Special powers.--Section 4(b)(2) of the Ports and Waterways 
    Safety Act (33 U.S.C. 1223(b)(2)) is amended by inserting ``or 16'' 
    after ``section 9''.
        (2) Denial of entry.--Section 13(e) of the Ports and Waterways 
    Safety Act (33 U.S.C. 1232(e)) is amended by striking ``section 9'' 
    and inserting ``section 9 or 16''.
    SEC. 316. REPORT ON COOPERATION BETWEEN NORTH KOREA AND IRAN.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter for 5 years, the 
President shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees and 
leadership a report that includes--
        (1) an assessment of the extent of cooperation (including 
    through the transfer of goods, services, technology, or 
    intellectual property) between North Korea and Iran relating to 
    their respective nuclear, ballistic missile development, chemical 
    or biological weapons development, or conventional weapons 
    programs;
        (2) the names of any Iranian or North Korean persons that have 
    knowingly engaged in or directed--
            (A) the provision of material support to such programs; or
            (B) the exchange of information between North Korea and 
        Iran with respect to such programs;
        (3) the names of any other foreign persons that have 
    facilitated the activities described in paragraph (1); and
        (4) a determination whether any of the activities described in 
    paragraphs (1) and (2) violate United Nations Security Council 
    Resolution 2231 (2015).
    (b) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form but may contain a classified annex.
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees and Leadership Defined.--
In this section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees and 
leadership'' means--
        (1) the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on 
    Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, and the majority and minority 
    leaders of the Senate; and
        (2) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on 
    Financial Services, the Committee on Ways and Means, and the 
    Speaker, the majority leader, and the minority leader of the House 
    of Representatives.
    SEC. 317. REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF UNITED NATIONS SECURITY 
      COUNCIL RESOLUTIONS BY OTHER GOVERNMENTS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter for 5 years, the 
President shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees and 
leadership a report that evaluates the degree to which the governments 
of other countries have knowingly failed to--
        (1) close the representative offices of persons designated 
    under applicable United Nations Security Council resolutions;
        (2) expel any North Korean nationals, including diplomats, 
    working on behalf of such persons;
        (3) prohibit the opening of new branches, subsidiaries, or 
    representative offices of North Korean financial institutions 
    within the jurisdictions of such governments; or
        (4) expel any representatives of North Korean financial 
    institutions.
    (b) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form but may contain a classified annex.
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees and Leadership Defined.--
In this section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees and 
leadership'' means--
        (1) the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on 
    Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, and the majority and minority 
    leaders of the Senate; and
        (2) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on 
    Financial Services, the Committee on Ways and Means, and the 
    Speaker, the majority leader, and the minority leader of the House 
    of Representatives.
    SEC. 318. BRIEFING ON MEASURES TO DENY SPECIALIZED FINANCIAL 
      MESSAGING SERVICES TO DESIGNATED NORTH KOREAN FINANCIAL 
      INSTITUTIONS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and every 180 days thereafter for 5 years, the 
President shall provide to the appropriate congressional committees a 
briefing that includes the following information:
        (1) A list of each person or foreign government the President 
    has identified that directly provides specialized financial 
    messaging services to, or enables or facilitates direct or indirect 
    access to such messaging services for--
            (A) any North Korean financial institution (as such term is 
        defined in section 3 of the North Korea Sanctions and Policy 
        Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9202)) designated under an 
        applicable United Nations Security Council resolution; or
            (B) any other North Korean person, on behalf of such a 
        North Korean financial institution.
        (2) A detailed assessment of the status of efforts by the 
    Secretary of the Treasury to work with the relevant authorities in 
    the home jurisdictions of such specialized financial messaging 
    providers to end such provision or access.
    (b) Form.--The briefing required under subsection (a) may be 
classified.

   Subtitle B--Sanctions With Respect to Human Rights Abuses by the 
                       Government of North Korea

    SEC. 321. SANCTIONS FOR FORCED LABOR AND SLAVERY OVERSEAS OF NORTH 
      KOREANS.
    (a) Sanctions for Trafficking in Persons.--
        (1) In general.--Section 302(b) of the North Korea Sanctions 
    and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9241(b)) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) a list of foreign persons that knowingly employ North 
    Korean laborers, as described in section 104(b)(1)(M).''.
        (2) Additional determinations; reports.--With respect to any 
    country identified in section 302(b)(2) of the North Korea 
    Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 
    9241(b)(2)), as amended by paragraph (1), the report required under 
    section 302(a) of such Act shall--
            (A) include a determination whether each person identified 
        in section 302(b)(3) of such Act (as amended by paragraph (1)) 
        who is a national or a citizen of such identified country meets 
        the criteria for sanctions under--
                (i) section 111 of the Trafficking Victims Protection 
            Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7108) (relating to the prevention of 
            trafficking in persons); or
                (ii) section 104(a) or 104(b)(1) of the North Korea 
            Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 
            9214(a)), as amended by section 101 of this Act;
            (B) be included in the report required under section 110(b) 
        of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 
        7107(b)) (relating to the annual report on trafficking in 
        persons); and
            (C) be considered in any determination that the government 
        of such country has made serious and sustained efforts to 
        eliminate severe forms of trafficking in persons, as such term 
        is defined for purposes of the Trafficking Victims Protection 
        Act of 2000.
    (b) Sanctions on Foreign Persons That Employ North Korean Labor.--
        (1) In general.--Title III of the North Korea Sanctions and 
    Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9241 et seq.) is amended 
    by inserting after section 302 the following new sections:
``SEC. 302A. REBUTTABLE PRESUMPTION APPLICABLE TO GOODS MADE WITH NORTH 
KOREAN LABOR.
    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), any 
significant goods, wares, articles, and merchandise mined, produced, or 
manufactured wholly or in part by the labor of North Korean nationals 
or citizens shall be deemed to be prohibited under section 307 of the 
Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1307) and shall not be entitled to entry 
at any of the ports of the United States.
    ``(b) Exception.--The prohibition described in subsection (a) shall 
not apply if the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
finds, by clear and convincing evidence, that the goods, wares, 
articles, or merchandise described in such paragraph were not produced 
with convict labor, forced labor, or indentured labor under penal 
sanctions.
``SEC. 302B. SANCTIONS ON FOREIGN PERSONS EMPLOYING NORTH KOREAN LABOR.
    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (c), the 
President shall designate any person identified under section 302(b)(3) 
for the imposition of sanctions under subsection (b).
    ``(b) Imposition of Sanctions.--
        ``(1) In general.--The President shall impose the sanctions 
    described in paragraph (2) with respect to any person designated 
    under subsection (a).
        ``(2) Sanctions described.--The sanctions described in this 
    paragraph are sanctions pursuant to the International Emergency 
    Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) to block and prohibit 
    all transactions in property and interests in property of a person 
    designated under subsection (a), if such property and interests in 
    property are in the United States, come within the United States, 
    or are or come within the possession or control of a United States 
    person.
    ``(c) Exception.--
        ``(1) In general.--A person may not be designated under 
    subsection (a) if the President certifies to the appropriate 
    congressional committees that the President has received reliable 
    assurances from such person that--
            ``(A) the employment of North Korean laborers does not 
        result in the direct or indirect transfer of convertible 
        currency, luxury goods, or other stores of value to the 
        Government of North Korea;
            ``(B) all wages and benefits are provided directly to the 
        laborers, and are held, as applicable, in accounts within the 
        jurisdiction in which they reside in locally denominated 
        currency; and
            ``(C) the laborers are subject to working conditions 
        consistent with international standards.
        ``(2) Recertification.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
    on which the President transmits to the appropriate congressional 
    committees an initial certification under paragraph (1), and every 
    180 days thereafter, the President shall--
            ``(A) transmit a recertification stating that the 
        conditions described in such paragraph continue to be met; or
            ``(B) if such recertification cannot be transmitted, impose 
        the sanctions described in subsection (b) beginning on the date 
        on which the President determines that such recertification 
        cannot be transmitted.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) 
    of the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 is 
    amended by inserting after the item relating to section 302 the 
    following new items:

``Sec. 302A. Rebuttable presumption applicable to goods made with North 
          Korean labor.
``Sec. 302B. Sanctions on foreign persons employing North Korean 
          labor.''.
    SEC. 322. MODIFICATIONS TO SANCTIONS SUSPENSION AND WAIVER 
      AUTHORITIES.
    (a) Exemptions.--Section 208(a) of the North Korea Sanctions and 
Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9228(a)) is amended in the 
matter preceding paragraph (1)--
        (1) by inserting ``201A,'' after ``104,''; and
        (2) by inserting ``302A, 302B,'' after ``209,''.
    (b) Humanitarian Waiver.--Section 208(b) of the North Korea 
Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9228(b)(1)) is 
amended--
        (1) by inserting ``201A,'' after ``104,'' in each place it 
    appears; and
        (2) by inserting ``302A, 302B,'' after ``209(b),'' in each 
    place it appears.
    (c) Waiver.--Section 208(c) of the North Korea Sanctions and Policy 
Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9228(c)) is amended in the matter 
preceding paragraph (1)--
        (1) by inserting ``201A,'' after ``104,''; and
        (2) by inserting ``302A, 302B,'' after ``209(b),''.
    SEC. 323. REWARD FOR INFORMANTS.
    Section 36(b) of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 
(22 U.S.C. 2708(b)), is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (9), by striking ``or'' at the end;
        (2) in paragraph (10), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting a semicolon; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(11) the identification or location of any person who, while 
    acting at the direction of or under the control of a foreign 
    government, aids or abets a violation of section 1030 of title 18, 
    United States Code; or
        ``(12) the disruption of financial mechanisms of any person who 
    has engaged in the conduct described in sections 104(a) or 
    104(b)(1) of the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act 
    of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 2914(a) or (b)(1)).''.
    SEC. 324. DETERMINATION ON DESIGNATION OF NORTH KOREA AS A STATE 
      SPONSOR OF TERRORISM.
    (a) Determination.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit to the 
    appropriate congressional committees a determination whether North 
    Korea meets the criteria for designation as a state sponsor of 
    terrorism.
        (2) Form.--The determination required by paragraph (1) shall be 
    submitted in unclassified form but may include a classified annex, 
    if appropriate.
    (b) State Sponsor of Terrorism Defined.--For purposes of this 
section, the term ``state sponsor of terrorism'' means a country the 
government of which the Secretary of State has determined, for purposes 
of section 6(j) of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. 
4605(j)) (as in effect pursuant to the International Emergency Economic 
Powers Act), section 620A of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 
U.S.C. 2371), section 40 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 
2780), or any other provision of law, is a government that has 
repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism.

                    Subtitle C--General Authorities

    SEC. 331. AUTHORITY TO CONSOLIDATE REPORTS.
    Any reports required to be submitted to the appropriate 
congressional committees under this title or any amendment made by this 
title that are subject to deadlines for submission consisting of 
similar units of time may be consolidated into a single report that is 
submitted to appropriate congressional committees pursuant to the 
earlier of such deadlines. The consolidated reports must contain all 
information required under this title or any amendment made by this 
title, in addition to all other elements mandated by previous law.
    SEC. 332. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.
    Nothing in this title shall be construed to limit--
        (1) the authority or obligation of the President to apply the 
    sanctions described in section 104 of the North Korea Sanctions and 
    Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9214), as amended by 
    section 311 of this Act, with regard to persons who meet the 
    criteria for designation under such section, or in any other 
    provision of law; or
        (2) the authorities of the President pursuant to the 
    International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et 
    seq.).
    SEC. 333. REGULATORY AUTHORITY.
    (a) In General.--The President shall, not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, promulgate regulations as 
necessary for the implementation of this title and the amendments made 
by this title.
    (b) Notification to Congress.--Not fewer than 10 days before the 
promulgation of a regulation under subsection (a), the President shall 
notify and provide to the appropriate congressional committees the 
proposed regulation, specifying the provisions of this title or the 
amendments made by this title that the regulation is implementing.
    SEC. 334. LIMITATION ON FUNDS.
    No additional funds are authorized to carry out the requirements of 
this title or of the amendments made by this title. Such requirements 
shall be carried out using amounts otherwise authorized.

                               Speaker of the House of Representatives.

                            Vice President of the United States and    
                                               President of the Senate.