Text: H.R.3364 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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Public Law No: 115-44 (08/02/2017)

 
[115th Congress Public Law 44]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]



[[Page 885]]

         COUNTERING AMERICA'S ADVERSARIES THROUGH SANCTIONS ACT

[[Page 131 STAT. 886]]

Public Law 115-44
115th Congress

                                 An Act


 
    To provide congressional review and to counter aggression by the 
 Governments of Iran, the Russian Federation, and North Korea, and for 
         other purposes. <<NOTE: Aug. 2, 2017 -  [H.R. 3364]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: Countering 
America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act.>> 
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) <<NOTE: 22 USC 9401 note.>> Short Title.--This Act may be cited 
as the ``Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act''.

    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

                 TITLE I--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO IRAN

Sec. 101. Short title.
Sec. 102. Definitions.
Sec. 103. Regional strategy for countering conventional and asymmetric 
           Iranian threats in the Middle East and North Africa.
Sec. 104. Imposition of additional sanctions in response to Iran's 
           ballistic missile program.
Sec. 105. Imposition of terrorism-related sanctions with respect to the 
           IRGC.
Sec. 106. Imposition of additional sanctions with respect to persons 
           responsible for human rights abuses.
Sec. 107. Enforcement of arms embargos.
Sec. 108. Review of applicability of sanctions relating to Iran's 
           support for terrorism and its ballistic missile program.
Sec. 109. Report on coordination of sanctions between the United States 
           and the European Union.
Sec. 110. Report on United States citizens detained by Iran.
Sec. 111. Exceptions for national security and humanitarian assistance; 
           rule of construction.
Sec. 112. Presidential waiver authority.

TITLE II--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND COMBATING 
                     TERRORISM AND ILLICIT FINANCING

Sec. 201. Short title.

  Subtitle A--Sanctions and Other Measures With Respect to the Russian 
                               Federation

Sec. 211. Findings.
Sec. 212. Sense of Congress.

 Part 1--Congressional Review of Sanctions Imposed With Respect to the 
                           Russian Federation

Sec. 215. Short title.
Sec. 216. Congressional review of certain actions relating to sanctions 
           imposed with respect to the Russian Federation.

        Part 2--Sanctions With Respect to the Russian Federation

Sec. 221. Definitions.
Sec. 222. Codification of sanctions relating to the Russian Federation.
Sec. 223. Modification of implementation of Executive Order No. 13662.

[[Page 131 STAT. 887]]

Sec. 224. Imposition of sanctions with respect to activities of the 
           Russian Federation undermining cybersecurity.
Sec. 225. Imposition of sanctions relating to special Russian crude oil 
           projects.
Sec. 226. Imposition of sanctions with respect to Russian and other 
           foreign financial institutions.
Sec. 227. Mandatory imposition of sanctions with respect to significant 
           corruption in the Russian Federation.
Sec. 228. Mandatory imposition of sanctions with respect to certain 
           transactions with foreign sanctions evaders and serious human 
           rights abusers in the Russian Federation.
Sec. 229. Notifications to Congress under Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 
           2014.
Sec. 230. Standards for termination of certain sanctions with respect to 
           the Russian Federation.
Sec. 231. Imposition of sanctions with respect to persons engaging in 
           transactions with the intelligence or defense sectors of the 
           Government of the Russian Federation.
Sec. 232. Sanctions with respect to the development of pipelines in the 
           Russian Federation.
Sec. 233. Sanctions with respect to investment in or facilitation of 
           privatization of state-owned assets by the Russian 
           Federation.
Sec. 234. Sanctions with respect to the transfer of arms and related 
           materiel to Syria.
Sec. 235. Sanctions described.
Sec. 236. Exceptions, waiver, and termination.
Sec. 237. Exception relating to activities of the National Aeronautics 
           and Space Administration.
Sec. 238. Rule of construction.

                             Part 3--Reports

Sec. 241. Report on oligarchs and parastatal entities of the Russian 
           Federation.
Sec. 242. Report on effects of expanding sanctions to include sovereign 
           debt and derivative products.
Sec. 243. Report on illicit finance relating to the Russian Federation.

     Subtitle B--Countering Russian Influence in Europe and Eurasia

Sec. 251. Findings.
Sec. 252. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 253. Statement of policy.
Sec. 254. Coordinating aid and assistance across Europe and Eurasia.
Sec. 255. Report on media organizations controlled and funded by the 
           Government of the Russian Federation.
Sec. 256. Report on Russian Federation influence on elections in Europe 
           and Eurasia.
Sec. 257. Ukranian energy security.
Sec. 258. Termination.
Sec. 259. Appropriate congressional committees defined.

          Subtitle C--Combating Terrorism and Illicit Financing

  Part 1--National Strategy for Combating Terrorist and Other Illicit 
                                Financing

Sec. 261. Development of national strategy.
Sec. 262. Contents of national strategy.

 Part 2--Enhancing Antiterrorism Tools of the Department of the Treasury

Sec. 271. Improving antiterror finance monitoring of funds transfers.
Sec. 272. Sense of Congress on international cooperation regarding 
           terrorist financing intelligence.
Sec. 273. Examining the counter-terror financing role of the Department 
           of the Treasury in embassies.
Sec. 274. Inclusion of Secretary of the Treasury on the National 
           Security Council.
Sec. 275. Inclusion of all funds.

                           Part 3--Definitions

Sec. 281. Definitions.

                    Subtitle D--Rule of Construction

Sec. 291. Rule of construction.
Sec. 292. Sense of Congress on the strategic importance of Article 5 of 
           the North Atlantic Treaty.

[[Page 131 STAT. 888]]

            TITLE III--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO NORTH KOREA

Sec. 301. Short title.
Sec. 302. Definitions.

 Subtitle A--Sanctions to Enforce and Implement United Nations Security 
                  Council Sanctions Against North Korea

Sec. 311. Modification and expansion of requirements for the designation 
           of persons.
Sec. 312. Prohibition on indirect correspondent accounts.
Sec. 313. Limitations on foreign assistance to noncompliant governments.
Sec. 314. Amendments to enhance inspection authorities.
Sec. 315. Enforcing compliance with United Nations shipping sanctions 
           against North Korea.
Sec. 316. Report on cooperation between North Korea and Iran.
Sec. 317. Report on implementation of United Nations Security Council 
           resolutions by other governments.
Sec. 318. Briefing on measures to deny specialized financial messaging 
           services to designated North Korean financial institutions.

    Subtitle B--Sanctions With Respect to Human Rights Abuses by the 
                        Government of North Korea

Sec. 321. Sanctions for forced labor and slavery overseas of North 
           Koreans.
Sec. 322. Modifications to sanctions suspension and waiver authorities.
Sec. 323. Reward for informants.
Sec. 324. Determination on designation of North Korea as a state sponsor 
           of terrorism.

                     Subtitle C--General Authorities

Sec. 331. Authority to consolidate reports.
Sec. 332. Rule of construction.
Sec. 333. Regulatory authority.
Sec. 334. Limitation on funds.

   TITLE I <<NOTE: Countering Iran's Destabilizing Activities Act of 
2017.>> --SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO IRAN
SEC. 101. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9401 note.>> SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Countering Iran's Destabilizing 
Activities Act of 2017''.
SEC. 102. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9401 note.>> DEFINITIONS.

    In this title:
            (1) Act of international terrorism.--The term ``act of 
        international terrorism'' has the meaning given that term in 
        section 14 of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-
        172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note).
            (2) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 14 of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 
        (Public Law 104-172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note).
            (3) Foreign person.--The term ``foreign person'' means a 
        person that is not a United States person.
            (4) Iranian person.--The term ``Iranian person'' means--
                    (A) an individual who is a citizen or national of 
                Iran; or
                    (B) an entity organized under the laws of Iran or 
                otherwise subject to the jurisdiction of the Government 
                of Iran.
            (5) IRGC.--The term ``IRGC'' means Iran's Islamic 
        Revolutionary Guard Corps.

[[Page 131 STAT. 889]]

            (6) Knowingly.--The term ``knowingly'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 14 of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 
        (Public Law 104-172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note).
            (7) United states person.--The term ``United States person'' 
        means--
                    (A) a United States citizen or an alien lawfully 
                admitted for permanent residence to the United States; 
                or
                    (B) an entity organized under the laws of the United 
                States or of any jurisdiction within the United States, 
                including a foreign branch of such an entity.
SEC. 103. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9402.>> REGIONAL STRATEGY FOR COUNTERING 
                        CONVENTIONAL AND ASYMMETRIC IRANIAN 
                        THREATS IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH 
                        AFRICA.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>> In General.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 2 years thereafter, the 
Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the 
Treasury, and the Director of National Intelligence shall jointly 
develop and submit to the appropriate congressional committees and 
leadership a strategy for deterring conventional and asymmetric Iranian 
activities and threats that directly threaten the United States and key 
allies in the Middle East, North Africa, and beyond.

    (b) <<NOTE: Summaries. Assessments.>> Elements.--The strategy 
required by subsection (a) shall include at a minimum the following:
            (1) A summary of the near- and long-term United States 
        objectives, plans, and means for countering Iran's destabilizing 
        activities, including identification of countries that share the 
        objective of countering Iran's destabilizing activities.
            (2) A summary of the capabilities and contributions of 
        individual countries to shared efforts to counter Iran's 
        destabilizing activities, and a summary of additional actions or 
        contributions that each country could take to further 
        contribute.
            (3) An assessment of Iran's conventional force capabilities 
        and an assessment of Iran's plans to upgrade its conventional 
        force capabilities, including its acquisition, development, and 
        deployment of ballistic and cruise missile capabilities, 
        unmanned aerial vehicles, and maritime offensive and anti-access 
        or area denial capabilities.
            (4) An assessment of Iran's chemical and biological weapons 
        capabilities and an assessment of Iranian plans to upgrade its 
        chemical or biological weapons capabilities.
            (5) An assessment of Iran's asymmetric activities in the 
        region, including--
                    (A) the size, capabilities, and activities of the 
                IRGC, including the Quds Force;
                    (B) the size, capabilities, and activities of Iran's 
                cyber operations;
                    (C) the types and amount of support, including 
                funding, lethal and nonlethal contributions, and 
                training, provided to Hezbollah, Hamas, special groups 
                in Iraq, the regime of Bashar al-Assad in Syria, Houthi 
                fighters in Yemen, and other violent groups across the 
                Middle East; and
                    (D) the scope and objectives of Iran's information 
                operations and use of propaganda.

[[Page 131 STAT. 890]]

            (6) A summary of United States actions, unilaterally and in 
        cooperation with foreign governments, to counter destabilizing 
        Iranian activities, including--
                    (A) interdiction of Iranian lethal arms bound for 
                groups designated as foreign terrorist organizations 
                under section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act 
                (8 U.S.C. 1189);
                    (B) Iran's interference in international commercial 
                shipping lanes;
                    (C) attempts by Iran to undermine or subvert 
                internationally recognized governments in the Middle 
                East region; and
                    (D) Iran's support for the regime of Bashar al-Assad 
                in Syria, including--
                          (i) financial assistance, military equipment 
                      and personnel, and other support provided to that 
                      regime; and
                          (ii) support and direction to other armed 
                      actors that are not Syrian or Iranian and are 
                      acting on behalf of that regime.

    (c) Form of Strategy.--The strategy required by subsection (a) shall 
be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (d) Appropriate Congressional Committees and Leadership Defined.--In 
this section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees and 
leadership'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Finance, the Committee on Banking, 
        Housing, and Urban Affairs, the Committee on Foreign Relations, 
        and the majority and minority leaders of the Senate; and
            (2) the Committee on Ways and Means, the Committee on 
        Financial Services, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and the 
        Speaker, the majority leader, and the minority leader of the 
        House of Representatives.
SEC. 104. <<NOTE: 23 USC 9403.>> IMPOSITION OF ADDITIONAL 
                        SANCTIONS IN RESPONSE TO IRAN'S BALLISTIC 
                        MISSILE PROGRAM.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of State should continue to 
implement Executive Order No. 13382 (50 U.S.C. 1701 note; relating to 
blocking property of weapons of mass destruction delivery system 
proliferators and their supporters).
    (b) <<NOTE: President. Determination.>> Imposition of Sanctions.--
The President shall impose the sanctions described in subsection (c) 
with respect to any person that the President determines, on or after 
the date of the enactment of this Act--
            (1) knowingly engages in any activity that materially 
        contributes to the activities of the Government of Iran with 
        respect to its ballistic missile program, or any other program 
        in Iran for developing, deploying, or maintaining systems 
        capable of delivering weapons of mass destruction, including any 
        efforts to manufacture, acquire, possess, develop, transport, 
        transfer, or use such capabilities;
            (2) is a successor entity to a person referred to in 
        paragraph (1);
            (3) owns or controls or is owned or controlled by a person 
        referred to in paragraph (1);

[[Page 131 STAT. 891]]

            (4) forms an entity with the purpose of evading sanctions 
        that would otherwise be imposed pursuant to paragraph (3);
            (5) is acting for or on behalf of a person referred to in 
        paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (4); or
            (6) knowingly provides or attempts to provide financial, 
        material, technological, or other support for, or goods or 
        services in support of, a person referred to in paragraph (1), 
        (2), (3), (4) or (5).

    (c) Sanctions Described.--The sanctions described in this subsection 
are the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: President.>> Blocking of property.--The 
        President shall block, in accordance with the International 
        Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), all 
        transactions in all property and interests in property of any 
        person subject to subsection (b) if such property and interests 
        in property are in the United States, come within the United 
        States, or are or come within the possession or control of a 
        United States person.
            (2) Exclusion from united states.--The Secretary of State 
        shall deny a visa to, and the Secretary of Homeland Security 
        shall exclude from the United States, any person subject to 
        subsection (b) that is an alien.

    (d) Penalties.--A person that violates, attempts to violate, 
conspires to violate, or causes a violation of subsection (c)(1) or any 
regulation, license, or order issued to carry out that subsection shall 
be subject to the penalties set forth in subsections (b) and (c) of 
section 206 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 
U.S.C. 1705) to the same extent as a person that commits an unlawful act 
described in subsection (a) of that section.
    (e) Report on Contributions to Iran's Ballistic Missile Program.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, and every 180 days thereafter, the 
        President shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
        committees a report describing each person that--
                    (A) has, during the period specified in paragraph 
                (2), conducted any activity that has materially 
                contributed to the activities of the Government of Iran 
                with respect to its ballistic missile program, or any 
                other program in Iran for developing, deploying, or 
                maintaining systems capable of delivering weapons of 
                mass destruction, including any efforts to manufacture, 
                acquire, possess, develop, transport, transfer, or use 
                such capabilities;
                    (B) is a successor entity to a person referred to in 
                subparagraph (A);
                    (C) owns or controls or is owned or controlled by a 
                person referred to in subparagraph (A);
                    (D) forms an entity with the purpose of evading 
                sanctions that could be imposed as a result of a 
                relationship described in subparagraph (C);
                    (E) is acting for or on behalf of a person referred 
                to in subparagraph (A), (B), (C), or (D); or
                    (F) is known or believed to have provided, or 
                attempted to provide, during the period specified in 
                paragraph (2), financial, material, technological, or 
                other support for, or goods or services in support of, 
                any material contribution to a program described in 
                subparagraph (A) carried out

[[Page 131 STAT. 892]]

                by a person described in subparagraph (A), (B), (C), 
                (D), or (E).
            (2) Period specified.--The period specified in this 
        paragraph is--
                    (A) in the case of the first report submitted under 
                paragraph (1), the period beginning January 1, 2016, and 
                ending on the date the report is submitted; and
                    (B) in the case of a subsequent such report, the 
                180-day period preceding the submission of the report.
            (3) Form of report.--Each report required by paragraph (1) 
        shall be submitted in unclassified form but may include a 
        classified annex.
SEC. 105. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9404.>> IMPOSITION OF TERRORISM-RELATED 
                        SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE IRGC.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The IRGC is subject to sanctions pursuant to Executive 
        Order No. 13382 (50 U.S.C. 1701 note; relating to blocking 
        property of weapons of mass destruction delivery system 
        proliferators and their supporters), the Comprehensive Iran 
        Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
        8501 et seq.), Executive Order No. 13553 (50 U.S.C. 1701 note; 
        relating to blocking property of certain persons with respect to 
        serious human rights abuses by the Government of Iran), and 
        Executive Order No. 13606 (50 U.S.C. 1701 note; relating to 
        blocking the property and suspending entry into the United 
        States of certain persons with respect to grave human rights 
        abuses by the Governments of Iran and Syria via information 
        technology).
            (2) The Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps-Quds Force (in 
        this section referred to as the ``IRGC-QF'') is the primary arm 
        of the Government of Iran for executing its policy of supporting 
        terrorist and insurgent groups. The IRGC-QF provides material, 
        logistical assistance, training, and financial support to 
        militants and terrorist operatives throughout the Middle East 
        and South Asia and was designated for the imposition of 
        sanctions by the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to Executive 
        Order No. 13224 (50 U.S.C. 1701 note; relating to blocking 
        property and prohibiting transactions with persons who commit, 
        threaten to commit, or support terrorism) in October 2007 for 
        its support of terrorism.
            (3) The IRGC, not just the IRGC-QF, is responsible for 
        implementing Iran's international program of destabilizing 
        activities, support for acts of international terrorism, and 
        ballistic missile program.

    (b) <<NOTE: Effective date. President.>> In General.--Beginning on 
the date that is 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the President shall impose the sanctions described in subsection (c) 
with respect to the IRGC and foreign persons that are officials, agents, 
or affiliates of the IRGC.

    (c) Sanctions Described.--The sanctions described in this subsection 
are sanctions applicable with respect to a foreign person pursuant to 
Executive Order No. 13224 (50 U.S.C. 1701 note; relating to blocking 
property and prohibiting transactions with persons who commit, threaten 
to commit, or support terrorism).

[[Page 131 STAT. 893]]

SEC. 106. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9405.>> IMPOSITION OF ADDITIONAL 
                        SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO PERSONS 
                        RESPONSIBLE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Lists. Determination.>> In General.--Not later 
than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually 
thereafter, the Secretary of State shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a list of each person the Secretary determines, 
based on credible evidence, on or after the date of the enactment of 
this Act--
            (1) is responsible for extrajudicial killings, torture, or 
        other gross violations of internationally recognized human 
        rights committed against individuals in Iran who seek--
                    (A) to expose illegal activity carried out by 
                officials of the Government of Iran; or
                    (B) to obtain, exercise, defend, or promote 
                internationally recognized human rights and freedoms, 
                such as the freedoms of religion, expression, 
                association, and assembly, and the rights to a fair 
                trial and democratic elections; or
            (2) acts as an agent of or on behalf of a foreign person in 
        a matter relating to an activity described in paragraph (1).

    (b) Sanctions Described.--
            (1) In general.--The President may, in accordance with the 
        International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et 
        seq.), block all transactions in all property and interests in 
        property of a person on the list required by subsection (a) if 
        such property and interests in property are in the United 
        States, come within the United States, or are or come within the 
        possession or control of a United States person.
            (2) Penalties.--A person that violates, attempts to violate, 
        conspires to violate, or causes a violation of paragraph (1) or 
        any regulation, license, or order issued to carry out paragraph 
        (1) shall be subject to the penalties set forth in subsections 
        (b) and (c) of section 206 of the International Emergency 
        Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1705) to the same extent as a 
        person that commits an unlawful act described in subsection (a) 
        of that section.
SEC. 107. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9406.>> ENFORCEMENT OF ARMS EMBARGOS.

    (a) <<NOTE: President. Determination.>> In General.--Except as 
provided in subsection (d), the President shall impose the sanctions 
described in subsection (b) with respect to any person that the 
President determines--
            (1) knowingly engages in any activity that materially 
        contributes to the supply, sale, or transfer directly or 
        indirectly to or from Iran, or for the use in or benefit of 
        Iran, of any battle tanks, armored combat vehicles, large 
        caliber artillery systems, combat aircraft, attack helicopters, 
        warships, missiles or missile systems, as defined for the 
        purpose of the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, or 
        related materiel, including spare parts; or
            (2) knowingly provides to Iran any technical training, 
        financial resources or services, advice, other services or 
        assistance related to the supply, sale, transfer, manufacture, 
        maintenance, or use of arms and related materiel described in 
        paragraph (1).

    (b) Sanctions Described.--
            (1) <<NOTE: President.>> Blocking of property.--The 
        President shall block, in accordance with the International 
        Emergency Economic

[[Page 131 STAT. 894]]

        Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), all transactions in all 
        property and interests in property of any person subject to 
        subsection (a) if such property and interests in property are in 
        the United States, come within the United States, or are or come 
        within the possession or control of a United States person.
            (2) Exclusion from united states.--The Secretary of State 
        shall deny a visa to, and the Secretary of Homeland Security 
        shall exclude from the United States, any person subject to 
        subsection (a) that is an alien.

    (c) Penalties.--A person that violates, attempts to violate, 
conspires to violate, or causes a violation of subsection (b)(1) or any 
regulation, license, or order issued to carry out that subsection shall 
be subject to the penalties set forth in subsections (b) and (c) of 
section 206 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 
U.S.C. 1705) to the same extent as a person that commits an unlawful act 
described in subsection (a) of that section.
    (d) <<NOTE: President. Certification.>> Exception.--The President is 
not required to impose sanctions under subsection (a) with respect to a 
person for engaging in an activity described in that subsection if the 
President certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that--
            (1) permitting the activity is in the national security 
        interest of the United States;
            (2) Iran no longer presents a significant threat to the 
        national security of the United States and to the allies of the 
        United States; and
            (3) the Government of Iran has ceased providing operational 
        or financial support for acts of international terrorism and no 
        longer satisfies the requirements for designation as a state 
        sponsor of terrorism.

    (e) State Sponsor of Terrorism Defined.--In this section, the term 
``state sponsor of terrorism'' means a country the government of which 
the Secretary of State has determined to be a government that has 
repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism for 
purposes of--
            (1) section 6(j)(1)(A) of the Export Administration Act of 
        1979 (50 U.S.C. 4605(j)(1)(A)) (as continued in effect pursuant 
        to the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 
        1701 et seq.));
            (2) section 620A(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 
        (22 U.S.C. 2371(a));
            (3) section 40(d) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 
        2780(d)); or
            (4) any other provision of law.
SEC. 108. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9407.>> REVIEW OF APPLICABILITY OF 
                        SANCTIONS RELATING TO IRAN'S SUPPORT FOR 
                        TERRORISM AND ITS BALLISTIC MISSILE 
                        PROGRAM.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. President. Assessment.>> In General.--Not 
later than 5 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
President shall conduct a review of all persons on the list of specially 
designated nationals and blocked persons maintained by the Office of 
Foreign Assets Control of the Department of the Treasury for activities 
relating to Iran--
            (1) to assess the conduct of such persons as that conduct 
        relates to--

[[Page 131 STAT. 895]]

                    (A) any activity that materially contributes to the 
                activities of the Government of Iran with respect to its 
                ballistic missile program; or
                    (B) support by the Government of Iran for acts of 
                international terrorism; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Determination.>> to determine the applicability 
        of sanctions with respect to such persons under--
                    (A) Executive Order No. 13382 (50 U.S.C. 1701 note; 
                relating to blocking property of weapons of mass 
                destruction delivery system proliferators and their 
                supporters); or
                    (B) Executive Order No. 13224 (50 U.S.C. 1701 note; 
                relating to blocking property and prohibiting 
                transactions with persons who commit, threaten to 
                commit, or support terrorism).

    (b) <<NOTE: President.>> Implementation of Sanctions.--If the 
President determines under subsection (a) that sanctions under an 
Executive order specified in paragraph (2) of that subsection are 
applicable with respect to a person, the President shall--
            (1) impose sanctions with respect to that person pursuant to 
        that Executive order; or
            (2) exercise the waiver authority provided under section 
        112.
SEC. 109. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9408.>> REPORT ON COORDINATION OF 
                        SANCTIONS BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND 
                        THE EUROPEAN UNION.

    (a) <<NOTE: President.>> In General.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 180 days thereafter, 
the President shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
report that includes the following:
            (1) A description of each instance, during the period 
        specified in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in which the United States has imposed sanctions 
                with respect to a person for activity related to the 
                proliferation of weapons of mass destruction or delivery 
                systems for such weapons to or by Iran, support for acts 
                of international terrorism by Iran, or human rights 
                abuses in Iran, but in which the European Union has not 
                imposed corresponding sanctions; and
                    (B) in which the European Union has imposed 
                sanctions with respect to a person for activity related 
                to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction or 
                delivery systems for such weapons to or by Iran, support 
                for acts of international terrorism by Iran, or human 
                rights abuses in Iran, but in which the United States 
                has not imposed corresponding sanctions.
            (2) An explanation for the reason for each discrepancy 
        between sanctions imposed by the European Union and sanctions 
        imposed by the United States described in subparagraphs (A) and 
        (B) of paragraph (1).

    (b) Period Specified.--The period specified in this subsection is--
            (1) in the case of the first report submitted under 
        subsection (a), the period beginning on the date of the 
        enactment of this Act and ending on the date the report is 
        submitted; and
            (2) in the case of a subsequent such report, the 180-day 
        period preceding the submission of the report.

[[Page 131 STAT. 896]]

    (c) Form of Report.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form but may include a classified annex.
SEC. 110. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9409.>> REPORT ON UNITED STATES CITIZENS 
                        DETAINED BY IRAN.

    (a) <<NOTE: President.>> In General.--Not later than 90 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 180 days thereafter, 
the President shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees 
and leadership a report on United States citizens, including United 
States citizens who are also citizens of other countries, detained by 
Iran or groups supported by Iran that includes--
            (1) information regarding any officials of the Government of 
        Iran involved in any way in the detentions; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Summary.>> a summary of efforts the United 
        States Government has taken to secure the swift release of those 
        United States citizens.

    (b) Form of Report.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees and Leadership Defined.--In 
this section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees and 
leadership'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Finance, the Committee on Banking, 
        Housing, and Urban Affairs, the Committee on Foreign Relations, 
        and the majority and minority leaders of the Senate; and
            (2) the Committee on Ways and Means, the Committee on 
        Financial Services, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and the 
        Speaker, the majority leader, and the minority leader of the 
        House of Representatives.
SEC. 111. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9410.>> EXCEPTIONS FOR NATIONAL SECURITY 
                        AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE; RULE OF 
                        CONSTRUCTION.

    (a) <<NOTE: Exemptions.>> In General.--The following activities 
shall be exempt from sanctions under sections 104, 105, 106, and 107:
            (1) Any activity subject to the reporting requirements under 
        title V of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3091 et 
        seq.), or to any authorized intelligence activities of the 
        United States.
            (2) The admission of an alien to the United States if such 
        admission is necessary to comply with United States obligations 
        under the Agreement between the United Nations and the United 
        States of America regarding the Headquarters of the United 
        Nations, signed at Lake Success June 26, 1947, and entered into 
        force November 21, 1947, or under the Convention on Consular 
        Relations, done at Vienna April 24, 1963, and entered into force 
        March 19, 1967, or other applicable international obligations of 
        the United States.
            (3) The conduct or facilitation of a transaction for the 
        sale of agricultural commodities, food, medicine, or medical 
        devices to Iran or for the provision of humanitarian assistance 
        to the people of Iran, including engaging in a financial 
        transaction relating to humanitarian assistance or for 
        humanitarian purposes or transporting goods or services that are 
        necessary to carry out operations relating to humanitarian 
        assistance or humanitarian purposes.

[[Page 131 STAT. 897]]

    (b) Implementation.--The President may exercise all authorities 
provided under sections 203 and 205 of the International Emergency 
Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702 and 1704) to carry out this Act.
    (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this Act shall be construed to 
limit the authority of the President under the International Emergency 
Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Agricultural commodity.--The term ``agricultural 
        commodity'' has the meaning given that term in section 102 of 
        the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5602).
            (2) Good.--The term ``good'' has the meaning given that term 
        in section 16 of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 
        U.S.C. 4618) (as continued in effect pursuant to the 
        International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et 
        seq.)).
            (3) Medical device.--The term ``medical device'' has the 
        meaning given the term ``device'' in section 201 of the Federal 
        Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321).
            (4) Medicine.--The term ``medicine'' has the meaning given 
        the term ``drug'' in section 201 of the Federal Food, Drug, and 
        Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321).
SEC. 112. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9411.>> PRESIDENTIAL WAIVER AUTHORITY.

    (a) <<NOTE: Time periods. Determinations.>> Case-by-Case Waiver 
Authority.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Reports.>> In general.--The President may waive, 
        on a case-by-case basis and for a period of not more than 180 
        days, a requirement under section 104, 105, 106, 107, or 108 to 
        impose or maintain sanctions with respect to a person, and may 
        waive the continued imposition of such sanctions, not less than 
        30 days after the President determines and reports to the 
        appropriate congressional committees that it is vital to the 
        national security interests of the United States to waive such 
        sanctions.
            (2) <<NOTE: Deadline.>> Renewal of waivers.--The President 
        may, on a case-by-case basis, renew a waiver under paragraph (1) 
        for an additional period of not more than 180 days if, not later 
        than 15 days before that waiver expires, the President makes the 
        determination and submits to the appropriate congressional 
        committees a report described in paragraph (1).
            (3) Successive renewal.--The renewal authority provided 
        under paragraph (2) may be exercised for additional successive 
        periods of not more than 180 days if the President follows the 
        procedures set forth in paragraph (2), and submits the report 
        described in paragraph (1), for each such renewal.

    (b) Contents of Waiver Reports.--Each report submitted under 
subsection (a) in connection with a waiver of sanctions under section 
104, 105, 106, 107, or 108 with respect to a person, or the renewal of 
such a waiver, shall include--
            (1) a specific and detailed rationale for the determination 
        that the waiver is vital to the national security interests of 
        the United States;
            (2) a description of the activity that resulted in the 
        person being subject to sanctions;
            (3) an explanation of any efforts made by the United States, 
        as applicable, to secure the cooperation of the government with 
        primary jurisdiction over the person or the location where

[[Page 131 STAT. 898]]

        the activity described in paragraph (2) occurred in terminating 
        or, as appropriate, penalizing the activity; and
            (4) <<NOTE: Assessment.>> an assessment of the significance 
        of the activity described in paragraph (2) in contributing to 
        the ability of Iran to threaten the interests of the United 
        States or allies of the United States, develop systems capable 
        of delivering weapons of mass destruction, support acts of 
        international terrorism, or violate the human rights of any 
        person in Iran.

    (c) Effect of Report on Waiver.--If the President submits a report 
under subsection (a) in connection with a waiver of sanctions under 
section 104, 105, 106, 107, or 108 with respect to a person, or the 
renewal of such a waiver, the President shall not be required to impose 
or maintain sanctions under section 104, 105, 106, 107, or 108, as 
applicable, with respect to the person described in the report during 
the 30-day period referred to in subsection (a).

 TITLE II-- <<NOTE: Countering Russian Influence in Europe and Eurasia 
  Act of 2017.>> SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND 
COMBATING TERRORISM AND ILLICIT FINANCING
SEC. 201. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9501 note.>> SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Countering Russian Influence in 
Europe and Eurasia Act of 2017''.

  Subtitle A--Sanctions and Other Measures With Respect to the Russian 
                               Federation

SEC. 211. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9501.>> FINDINGS.

    Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) On March 6, 2014, President Barack Obama issued 
        Executive Order No. 13660 (79 Fed. Reg. 13493; relating to 
        blocking property of certain persons contributing to the 
        situation in Ukraine), which authorizes the Secretary of the 
        Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, to impose 
        sanctions on those determined to be undermining democratic 
        processes and institutions in Ukraine or threatening the peace, 
        security, stability, sovereignty, and territorial integrity of 
        Ukraine. President Obama subsequently issued Executive Order No. 
        13661 (79 Fed. Reg. 15535; relating to blocking property of 
        additional persons contributing to the situation in Ukraine) and 
        Executive Order No. 13662 (79 Fed. Reg. 16169; relating to 
        blocking property of additional persons contributing to the 
        situation in Ukraine) to expand sanctions on certain persons 
        contributing to the situation in Ukraine.
            (2) On December 18, 2014, the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 
        2014 was enacted (Public Law 113-272; 22 U.S.C. 8921 et seq.), 
        which includes provisions directing the President to impose 
        sanctions on foreign persons that the President determines to be 
        entities owned or controlled by the Government

[[Page 131 STAT. 899]]

        of the Russian Federation or nationals of the Russian Federation 
        that manufacture, sell, transfer, or otherwise provide certain 
        defense articles into Syria.
            (3) On April 1, 2015, President Obama issued Executive Order 
        No. 13694 (80 Fed. Reg. 18077; relating to blocking the property 
        of certain persons engaging in significant malicious cyber-
        enabled activities), which authorizes the Secretary of the 
        Treasury, in consultation with the Attorney General and the 
        Secretary of State, to impose sanctions on persons determined to 
        be engaged in malicious cyber-hacking.
            (4) On July 26, 2016, President Obama approved a 
        Presidential Policy Directive on United States Cyber Incident 
        Coordination, which states, ``certain cyber incidents that have 
        significant impacts on an entity, our national security, or the 
        broader economy require a unique approach to response efforts''.
            (5) On December 29, 2016, President Obama issued an annex to 
        Executive Order No. 13694, which authorized sanctions on the 
        following entities and individuals:
                    (A) The Main Intelligence Directorate (also known as 
                Glavnoe Razvedyvatel'noe Upravlenie or the GRU) in 
                Moscow, Russian Federation.
                    (B) The Federal Security Service (also known as 
                Federalnaya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti or the FSB) in Moscow, 
                Russian Federation.
                    (C) The Special Technology Center (also known as 
                STLC, Ltd. Special Technology Center St. Petersburg) in 
                St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
                    (D) Zorsecurity (also known as Esage Lab) in Moscow, 
                Russian Federation.
                    (E) The autonomous noncommercial organization known 
                as the Professional Association of Designers of Data 
                Processing Systems (also known as ANO PO KSI) in Moscow, 
                Russian Federation.
                    (F) Igor Valentinovich Korobov.
                    (G) Sergey Aleksandrovich Gizunov.
                    (H) Igor Olegovich Kostyukov.
                    (I) Vladimir Stepanovich Alexseyev.
            (6) On January 6, 2017, an assessment of the United States 
        intelligence community entitled, ``Assessing Russian Activities 
        and Intentions in Recent U.S. Elections'' stated, ``Russian 
        President Vladimir Putin ordered an influence campaign in 2016 
        aimed at the United States presidential election.'' The 
        assessment warns that ``Moscow will apply lessons learned from 
        its Putin-ordered campaign aimed at the U.S. Presidential 
        election to future influence efforts worldwide, including 
        against U.S. allies and their election processes''.
SEC. 212. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9502.>> SENSE OF CONGRESS.

    It is the sense of Congress that the President--
            (1) should continue to uphold and seek unity with European 
        and other key partners on sanctions implemented against the 
        Russian Federation, which have been effective and instrumental 
        in countering Russian aggression in Ukraine;
            (2) should engage to the fullest extent possible with 
        partner governments with regard to closing loopholes, including 
        the allowance of extended prepayment for the delivery of goods

[[Page 131 STAT. 900]]

        and commodities and other loopholes, in multilateral and 
        unilateral restrictive measures against the Russian Federation, 
        with the aim of maximizing alignment of those measures; and
            (3) should increase efforts to vigorously enforce compliance 
        with sanctions in place as of the date of the enactment of this 
        Act with respect to the Russian Federation in response to the 
        crisis in eastern Ukraine, cyber intrusions and attacks, and 
        human rights violators in the Russian Federation.

 PART 1-- <<NOTE: Russia Sanctions Review Act of 2017.>> CONGRESSIONAL 
REVIEW OF SANCTIONS IMPOSED WITH RESPECT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
SEC. 215. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9501 note.>> SHORT TITLE.

    This part may be cited as the ``Russia Sanctions Review Act of 
2017''.
SEC. 216. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9511.>> CONGRESSIONAL REVIEW OF CERTAIN 
                        ACTIONS RELATING TO SANCTIONS IMPOSED WITH 
                        RESPECT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

    (a) Submission to Congress of Proposed Action.--
            (1) <<NOTE: President. Reports.>> In general.--
        Notwithstanding any other provision of law, before taking any 
        action described in paragraph (2), the President shall submit to 
        the appropriate congressional committees and leadership a report 
        that describes the proposed action and the reasons for that 
        action.
            (2) Actions described.--
                    (A) In general.--An action described in this 
                paragraph is--
                          (i) an action to terminate the application of 
                      any sanctions described in subparagraph (B);
                          (ii) with respect to sanctions described in 
                      subparagraph (B) imposed by the President with 
                      respect to a person, an action to waive the 
                      application of those sanctions with respect to 
                      that person; or
                          (iii) a licensing action that significantly 
                      alters United States' foreign policy with regard 
                      to the Russian Federation.
                    (B) Sanctions described.--The sanctions described in 
                this subparagraph are--
                          (i) sanctions provided for under--
                                    (I) this title or any provision of 
                                law amended by this title, including the 
                                Executive orders codified under section 
                                222;
                                    (II) the Support for the 
                                Sovereignty, Integrity, Democracy, and 
                                Economic Stability of Ukraine Act of 
                                2014 (22 U.S.C. 8901 et seq.); or
                                    (III) the Ukraine Freedom Support 
                                Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C. 8921 et seq.); 
                                and
                          (ii) the prohibition on access to the 
                      properties of the Government of the Russian 
                      Federation located in Maryland and New York that 
                      the President ordered vacated on December 29, 
                      2016.
            (3) Description of type of action.--Each report submitted 
        under paragraph (1) with respect to an action described

[[Page 131 STAT. 901]]

        in paragraph (2) shall include a description of whether the 
        action--
                    (A) is not intended to significantly alter United 
                States foreign policy with regard to the Russian 
                Federation; or
                    (B) is intended to significantly alter United States 
                foreign policy with regard to the Russian Federation.
            (4) Inclusion of additional matter.--
                    (A) In general.--Each report submitted under 
                paragraph (1) that relates to an action that is intended 
                to significantly alter United States foreign policy with 
                regard to the Russian Federation shall include a 
                description of--
                          (i) the significant alteration to United 
                      States foreign policy with regard to the Russian 
                      Federation;
                          (ii) the anticipated effect of the action on 
                      the national security interests of the United 
                      States; and
                          (iii) the policy objectives for which the 
                      sanctions affected by the action were initially 
                      imposed.
                    (B) Requests from banking and financial services 
                committees.--The Committee on Banking, Housing, and 
                Urban Affairs of the Senate or the Committee on 
                Financial Services of the House of Representatives may 
                request the submission to the Committee of the matter 
                described in clauses (ii) and (iii) of subparagraph (A) 
                with respect to a report submitted under paragraph (1) 
                that relates to an action that is not intended to 
                significantly alter United States foreign policy with 
                regard to the Russian Federation.
            (5) Confidentiality of proprietary information.--Proprietary 
        information that can be associated with a particular person with 
        respect to an action described in paragraph (2) may be included 
        in a report submitted under paragraph (1) only if the 
        appropriate congressional committees and leadership provide 
        assurances of confidentiality, unless such person otherwise 
        consents in writing to such disclosure.
            (6) Rule of construction.--Paragraph (2)(A)(iii) shall not 
        be construed to require the submission of a report under 
        paragraph (1) with respect to the routine issuance of a license 
        that does not significantly alter United States foreign policy 
        with regard to the Russian Federation.

    (b) Period for Review by Congress.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Effective date. President.>> In general.--During 
        the period of 30 calendar days beginning on the date on which 
        the President submits a report under subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) in the case of a report that relates to an 
                action that is not intended to significantly alter 
                United States foreign policy with regard to the Russian 
                Federation, the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban 
                Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Financial 
                Services of the House of Representatives should, as 
                appropriate, hold hearings and briefings and otherwise 
                obtain information in order to fully review the report; 
                and
                    (B) in the case of a report that relates to an 
                action that is intended to significantly alter United 
                States foreign policy with regard to the Russian 
                Federation, the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
                Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House 
                of Representatives should, as appropriate, hold hearings 
                and briefings and

[[Page 131 STAT. 902]]

                otherwise obtain information in order to fully review 
                the report.
            (2) Exception.--The period for congressional review under 
        paragraph (1) of a report required to be submitted under 
        subsection (a)(1) shall be 60 calendar days if the report is 
        submitted on or after July 10 and on or before September 7 in 
        any calendar year.
            (3) Limitation on actions during initial congressional 
        review period.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
        during the period for congressional review provided for under 
        paragraph (1) of a report submitted under subsection (a)(1) 
        proposing an action described in subsection (a)(2), including 
        any additional period for such review as applicable under the 
        exception provided in paragraph (2), the President may not take 
        that action unless a joint resolution of approval with respect 
        to that action is enacted in accordance with subsection (c).
            (4) Limitation on actions during presidential consideration 
        of a joint resolution of disapproval.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, if a joint resolution of disapproval relating 
        to a report submitted under subsection (a)(1) proposing an 
        action described in subsection (a)(2) passes both Houses of 
        Congress in accordance with subsection (c), the President may 
        not take that action for a period of 12 calendar days after the 
        date of passage of the joint resolution of disapproval.
            (5) Limitation on actions during congressional 
        reconsideration of a joint resolution of disapproval.--
        Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if a joint 
        resolution of disapproval relating to a report submitted under 
        subsection (a)(1) proposing an action described in subsection 
        (a)(2) passes both Houses of Congress in accordance with 
        subsection (c), and the President vetoes the joint resolution, 
        the President may not take that action for a period of 10 
        calendar days after the date of the President's veto.
            (6) Effect of enactment of a joint resolution of 
        disapproval.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if a 
        joint resolution of disapproval relating to a report submitted 
        under subsection (a)(1) proposing an action described in 
        subsection (a)(2) is enacted in accordance with subsection (c), 
        the President may not take that action.

    (c) Joint Resolutions of Disapproval or Approval Defined.--In this 
subsection:
            (1) Joint resolution of approval.--The term ``joint 
        resolution of approval'' means only a joint resolution of either 
        House of Congress--
                    (A) the title of which is as follows: ``A joint 
                resolution approving the President's proposal to take an 
                action relating to the application of certain sanctions 
                with respect to the Russian Federation.''; and
                    (B) the sole matter after the resolving clause of 
                which is the following: ``Congress approves of the 
                action relating to the application of sanctions imposed 
                with respect to the Russian Federation proposed by the 
                President in the report submitted to Congress under 
                section 216(a)(1) of the Russia Sanctions Review Act of 
                2017 on _______ relating to ________.'', with the first 
                blank space

[[Page 131 STAT. 903]]

                being filled with the appropriate date and the second 
                blank space being filled with a short description of the 
                proposed action.
            (2) Joint resolution of disapproval.--The term ``joint 
        resolution of disapproval'' means only a joint resolution of 
        either House of Congress--
                    (A) the title of which is as follows: ``A joint 
                resolution disapproving the President's proposal to take 
                an action relating to the application of certain 
                sanctions with respect to the Russian Federation.''; and
                    (B) the sole matter after the resolving clause of 
                which is the following: ``Congress disapproves of the 
                action relating to the application of sanctions imposed 
                with respect to the Russian Federation proposed by the 
                President in the report submitted to Congress under 
                section 216(a)(1) of the Russia Sanctions Review Act of 
                2017 on _______ relating to ________.'', with the first 
                blank space being filled with the appropriate date and 
                the second blank space being filled with a short 
                description of the proposed action.
            (3) <<NOTE: Time period.>> Introduction.--During the period 
        of 30 calendar days provided for under subsection (b)(1), 
        including any additional period as applicable under the 
        exception provided in subsection (b)(2), a joint resolution of 
        approval or joint resolution of disapproval may be introduced--
                    (A) in the House of Representatives, by the majority 
                leader or the minority leader; and
                    (B) in the Senate, by the majority leader (or the 
                majority leader's designee) or the minority leader (or 
                the minority leader's designee).
            (4) <<NOTE: Deadline.>> Floor consideration in house of 
        representatives.--If a committee of the House of Representatives 
        to which a joint resolution of approval or joint resolution of 
        disapproval has been referred has not reported the joint 
        resolution within 10 calendar days after the date of referral, 
        that committee shall be discharged from further consideration of 
        the joint resolution.
            (5) Consideration in the senate.--
                    (A) Committee referral.--A joint resolution of 
                approval or joint resolution of disapproval introduced 
                in the Senate shall be--
                          (i) referred to the Committee on Banking, 
                      Housing, and Urban Affairs if the joint resolution 
                      relates to a report under subsection (a)(3)(A) 
                      that relates to an action that is not intended to 
                      significantly alter United States foreign policy 
                      with regard to the Russian Federation; and
                          (ii) referred to the Committee on Foreign 
                      Relations if the joint resolution relates to a 
                      report under subsection (a)(3)(B) that relates to 
                      an action that is intended to significantly alter 
                      United States foreign policy with respect to the 
                      Russian Federation.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Deadline.>> Reporting and discharge.--If 
                the committee to which a joint resolution of approval or 
                joint resolution of disapproval was referred has not 
                reported the joint resolution within 10 calendar days 
                after the date of referral of the joint resolution, that 
                committee shall be discharged

[[Page 131 STAT. 904]]

                from further consideration of the joint resolution and 
                the joint resolution shall be placed on the appropriate 
                calendar.
                    (C) Proceeding to consideration.--Notwithstanding 
                Rule XXII of the Standing Rules of the Senate, it is in 
                order at any time after the Committee on Banking, 
                Housing, and Urban Affairs or the Committee on Foreign 
                Relations, as the case may be, reports a joint 
                resolution of approval or joint resolution of 
                disapproval to the Senate or has been discharged from 
                consideration of such a joint resolution (even though a 
                previous motion to the same effect has been disagreed 
                to) to move to proceed to the consideration of the joint 
                resolution, and all points of order against the joint 
                resolution (and against consideration of the joint 
                resolution) are waived. The motion to proceed is not 
                debatable. The motion is not subject to a motion to 
                postpone. A motion to reconsider the vote by which the 
                motion is agreed to or disagreed to shall not be in 
                order.
                    (D) Rulings of the chair on procedure.--Appeals from 
                the decisions of the Chair relating to the application 
                of the rules of the Senate, as the case may be, to the 
                procedure relating to a joint resolution of approval or 
                joint resolution of disapproval shall be decided without 
                debate.
                    (E) <<NOTE: Time period.>> Consideration of veto 
                messages.--Debate in the Senate of any veto message with 
                respect to a joint resolution of approval or joint 
                resolution of disapproval, including all debatable 
                motions and appeals in connection with the joint 
                resolution, shall be limited to 10 hours, to be equally 
                divided between, and controlled by, the majority leader 
                and the minority leader or their designees.
            (6) Rules relating to senate and house of representatives.--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Procedures. Applicability.>> Treatment 
                of senate joint resolution in house.--In the House of 
                Representatives, the following procedures shall apply to 
                a joint resolution of approval or a joint resolution of 
                disapproval received from the Senate (unless the House 
                has already passed a joint resolution relating to the 
                same proposed action):
                          (i) The joint resolution shall be referred to 
                      the appropriate committees.
                          (ii) <<NOTE: Deadline.>> If a committee to 
                      which a joint resolution has been referred has not 
                      reported the joint resolution within 2 calendar 
                      days after the date of referral, that committee 
                      shall be discharged from further consideration of 
                      the joint resolution.
                          (iii) <<NOTE: Effective date.>> Beginning on 
                      the third legislative day after each committee to 
                      which a joint resolution has been referred reports 
                      the joint resolution to the House or has been 
                      discharged from further consideration thereof, it 
                      shall be in order to move to proceed to consider 
                      the joint resolution in the House. All points of 
                      order against the motion are waived. Such a motion 
                      shall not be in order after the House has disposed 
                      of a motion to proceed on the joint resolution. 
                      The previous question shall be considered as 
                      ordered on the motion to its adoption without 
                      intervening motion. The motion shall not be 
                      debatable. A motion to reconsider the

[[Page 131 STAT. 905]]

                      vote by which the motion is disposed of shall not 
                      be in order.
                          (iv) The joint resolution shall be considered 
                      as read. All points of order against the joint 
                      resolution and against its consideration are 
                      waived. The previous question shall be considered 
                      as ordered on the joint resolution to final 
                      passage without intervening motion except 2 hours 
                      of debate equally divided and controlled by the 
                      sponsor of the joint resolution (or a designee) 
                      and an opponent. A motion to reconsider the vote 
                      on passage of the joint resolution shall not be in 
                      order.
                    (B) Treatment of house joint resolution in senate.--
                          (i) If, before the passage by the Senate of a 
                      joint resolution of approval or joint resolution 
                      of disapproval, the Senate receives an identical 
                      joint resolution from the House of 
                      Representatives, the following procedures shall 
                      apply:
                                    (I) That joint resolution shall not 
                                be referred to a committee.
                                    (II) With respect to that joint 
                                resolution--
                                            (aa) the procedure in the 
                                        Senate shall be the same as if 
                                        no joint resolution had been 
                                        received from the House of 
                                        Representatives; but
                                            (bb) the vote on passage 
                                        shall be on the joint resolution 
                                        from the House of 
                                        Representatives.
                          (ii) If, following passage of a joint 
                      resolution of approval or joint resolution of 
                      disapproval in the Senate, the Senate receives an 
                      identical joint resolution from the House of 
                      Representatives, that joint resolution shall be 
                      placed on the appropriate Senate calendar.
                          (iii) <<NOTE: Applicability.>> If a joint 
                      resolution of approval or a joint resolution of 
                      disapproval is received from the House, and no 
                      companion joint resolution has been introduced in 
                      the Senate, the Senate procedures under this 
                      subsection shall apply to the House joint 
                      resolution.
                    (C) Application to revenue measures.--The provisions 
                of this paragraph shall not apply in the House of 
                Representatives to a joint resolution of approval or 
                joint resolution of disapproval that is a revenue 
                measure.
            (7) Rules of house of representatives and senate.--This 
        subsection is enacted by Congress--
                    (A) as an exercise of the rulemaking power of the 
                Senate and the House of Representatives, respectively, 
                and as such is deemed a part of the rules of each House, 
                respectively, and supersedes other rules only to the 
                extent that it is inconsistent with such rules; and
                    (B) with full recognition of the constitutional 
                right of either House to change the rules (so far as 
                relating to the procedure of that House) at any time, in 
                the same manner, and to the same extent as in the case 
                of any other rule of that House.

    (d) Appropriate Congressional Committees and Leadership Defined.--In 
this section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees and 
leadership'' means--

[[Page 131 STAT. 906]]

            (1) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, 
        the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the majority and 
        minority leaders of the Senate; and
            (2) the Committee on Financial Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs, and the Speaker, the majority leader, and the 
        minority leader of the House of Representatives.

        PART 2--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

SEC. 221. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9521.>> DEFINITIONS.

    In this part:
            (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban 
                Affairs, the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the 
                Committee on Finance of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee 
                on Financial Services, and the Committee on Ways and 
                Means of the House of Representatives.
            (2) Good.--The term ``good'' has the meaning given that term 
        in section 16 of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 
        U.S.C. 4618) (as continued in effect pursuant to the 
        International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et 
        seq.)).
            (3) International financial institution.--The term 
        ``international financial institution'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 1701(c) of the International Financial 
        Institutions Act (22 U.S.C. 262r(c)).
            (4) Knowingly.--The term ``knowingly'', with respect to 
        conduct, a circumstance, or a result, means that a person has 
        actual knowledge, or should have known, of the conduct, the 
        circumstance, or the result.
            (5) Person.--The term ``person'' means an individual or 
        entity.
            (6) United states person.--The term ``United States person'' 
        means--
                    (A) a United States citizen or an alien lawfully 
                admitted for permanent residence to the United States; 
                or
                    (B) an entity organized under the laws of the United 
                States or of any jurisdiction within the United States, 
                including a foreign branch of such an entity.
SEC. 222. <<NOTE: President. Waiver 
                        authority. Determination. Certification. 22
                         USC 9522.>> CODIFICATION OF SANCTIONS 
                        RELATING TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

    (a) Codification.--United States sanctions provided for in Executive 
Order No. 13660 (79 Fed. Reg. 13493; relating to blocking property of 
certain persons contributing to the situation in Ukraine), Executive 
Order No. 13661 (79 Fed. Reg. 15535; relating to blocking property of 
additional persons contributing to the situation in Ukraine), Executive 
Order No. 13662 (79 Fed. Reg. 16169; relating to blocking property of 
additional persons contributing to the situation in Ukraine), Executive 
Order No. 13685 (79 Fed. Reg. 77357; relating to blocking property of 
certain persons and prohibiting certain transactions with respect to the 
Crimea region of Ukraine), Executive Order No. 13694 (80 Fed. Reg. 
18077; relating to blocking

[[Page 131 STAT. 907]]

the property of certain persons engaging in significant malicious cyber-
enabled activities), and Executive Order No. 13757 (82 Fed. Reg. 1; 
relating to taking additional steps to address the national emergency 
with respect to significant malicious cyber-enabled activities), as in 
effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act, 
including with respect to all persons sanctioned under such Executive 
orders, shall remain in effect except as provided in subsection (b).
    (b) <<NOTE: Notice.>> Termination of Certain Sanctions.--Subject to 
section 216, the President may terminate the application of sanctions 
described in subsection (a) that are imposed on a person in connection 
with activity conducted by the person if the President submits to the 
appropriate congressional committees a notice that--
            (1) the person is not engaging in the activity that was the 
        basis for the sanctions or has taken significant verifiable 
        steps toward stopping the activity; and
            (2) the President has received reliable assurances that the 
        person will not knowingly engage in activity subject to 
        sanctions described in subsection (a) in the future.

    (c) Application of New Cyber Sanctions.--The President may waive the 
initial application under subsection (a) of sanctions with respect to a 
person under Executive Order No. 13694 or 13757 only if the President 
submits to the appropriate congressional committees--
            (1) a written determination that the waiver--
                    (A) is in the vital national security interests of 
                the United States; or
                    (B) will further the enforcement of this title; and
            (2) a certification that the Government of the Russian 
        Federation has made significant efforts to reduce the number and 
        intensity of cyber intrusions conducted by that Government.

    (d) Application of New Ukraine-Related Sanctions.--The President may 
waive the initial application under subsection (a) of sanctions with 
respect to a person under Executive Order No. 13660, 13661, 13662, or 
13685 only if the President submits to the appropriate congressional 
committees--
            (1) a written determination that the waiver--
                    (A) is in the vital national security interests of 
                the United States; or
                    (B) will further the enforcement of this title; and
            (2) a certification that the Government of the Russian 
        Federation is taking steps to implement the Minsk Agreement to 
        address the ongoing conflict in eastern Ukraine, signed in 
        Minsk, Belarus, on February 11, 2015, by the leaders of Ukraine, 
        Russia, France, and Germany, the Minsk Protocol, which was 
        agreed to on September 5, 2014, and any successor agreements 
        that are agreed to by the Government of Ukraine.
SEC. 223. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9523.>> MODIFICATION OF IMPLEMENTATION OF 
                        EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 13662.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>> Determination That Certain Entities Are 
Subject to Sanctions.--The Secretary of the Treasury may determine that 
a person meets one or more of the criteria in section 1(a) of Executive 
Order No. 13662 if that person is a state-owned entity operating in the 
railway or metals and mining sector of the economy of the Russian 
Federation.

[[Page 131 STAT. 908]]

    (b) Modification of Directive 1 With Respect to the Financial 
Services Sector of the Russian Federation Economy.--Not later than 60 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the 
Treasury shall modify Directive 1 (as amended), dated September 12, 
2014, issued by the Office of Foreign Assets Control under Executive 
Order No. 13662, or any successor directive (which shall be effective 
beginning on the date that is 60 days after the date of such 
modification), to ensure that the directive prohibits the conduct by 
United States persons or persons within the United States of all 
transactions in, provision of financing for, and other dealings in new 
debt of longer than 14 days maturity or new equity of persons determined 
to be subject to the directive, their property, or their interests in 
property.
    (c) Modification of Directive 2 With Respect to the Energy Sector of 
the Russian Federation Economy.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Treasury shall modify 
Directive 2 (as amended), dated September 12, 2014, issued by the Office 
of Foreign Assets Control under Executive Order No. 13662, or any 
successor directive (which shall be effective beginning on the date that 
is 60 days after the date of such modification), to ensure that the 
directive prohibits the conduct by United States persons or persons 
within the United States of all transactions in, provision of financing 
for, and other dealings in new debt of longer than 60 days maturity of 
persons determined to be subject to the directive, their property, or 
their interests in property.
    (d) Modification of Directive 4.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Treasury shall 
modify Directive 4, dated September 12, 2014, issued by the Office of 
Foreign Assets Control under Executive Order No. 13662, or any successor 
directive (which shall be effective beginning on the date that is 90 
days after the date of such modification), to ensure that the directive 
prohibits the provision, exportation, or reexportation, directly or 
indirectly, by United States persons or persons within the United 
States, of goods, services (except for financial services), or 
technology in support of exploration or production for new deepwater, 
Arctic offshore, or shale projects--
            (1) that have the potential to produce oil; and
            (2) that involve any person determined to be subject to the 
        directive or the property or interests in property of such a 
        person who has a controlling interest or a substantial non-
        controlling ownership interest in such a project defined as not 
        less than a 33 percent interest.
SEC. 224. <<NOTE: President. Determination. 22 USC 
                        9524.>> IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH 
                        RESPECT TO ACTIVITIES OF THE RUSSIAN 
                        FEDERATION UNDERMINING CYBERSECURITY.

    (a) In General.--On and after the date that is 60 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall--
            (1) impose the sanctions described in subsection (b) with 
        respect to any person that the President determines--
                    (A) knowingly engages in significant activities 
                undermining cybersecurity against any person, including 
                a democratic institution, or government on behalf of the 
                Government of the Russian Federation; or

[[Page 131 STAT. 909]]

                    (B) is owned or controlled by, or acts or purports 
                to act for or on behalf of, directly or indirectly, a 
                person described in subparagraph (A);
            (2) impose five or more of the sanctions described in 
        section 235 with respect to any person that the President 
        determines knowingly materially assists, sponsors, or provides 
        financial, material, or technological support for, or goods or 
        services (except financial services) in support of, an activity 
        described in paragraph (1)(A); and
            (3) impose three or more of the sanctions described in 
        section 4(c) of the of the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014 
        (22 U.S.C. 8923(c)) with respect to any person that the 
        President determines knowingly provides financial services in 
        support of an activity described in paragraph (1)(A).

    (b) Sanctions Described.--The sanctions described in this subsection 
are the following:
            (1) Asset blocking.--The exercise of all powers granted to 
        the President by the International Emergency Economic Powers Act 
        (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) to the extent necessary to block and 
        prohibit all transactions in all property and interests in 
        property of a person determined by the President to be subject 
        to subsection (a)(1) if such property and interests in property 
        are in the United States, come within the United States, or are 
        or come within the possession or control of a United States 
        person.
            (2) Exclusion from the united states and revocation of visa 
        or other documentation.--In the case of an alien determined by 
        the President to be subject to subsection (a)(1), denial of a 
        visa to, and exclusion from the United States of, the alien, and 
        revocation in accordance with section 221(i) of the Immigration 
        and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1201(i)), of any visa or other 
        documentation of the alien.

    (c) <<NOTE: Waiver authority.>> Application of New Cyber 
Sanctions.--The President may waive the initial application under 
subsection (a) of sanctions with respect to a person only if the 
President submits to the appropriate congressional committees--
            (1) a written determination that the waiver--
                    (A) is in the vital national security interests of 
                the United States; or
                    (B) will further the enforcement of this title; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Certification.>> a certification that the 
        Government of the Russian Federation has made significant 
        efforts to reduce the number and intensity of cyber intrusions 
        conducted by that Government.

    (d) Significant Activities Undermining Cybersecurity Defined.--In 
this section, the term ``significant activities undermining 
cybersecurity'' includes--
            (1) significant efforts--
                    (A) to deny access to or degrade, disrupt, or 
                destroy an information and communications technology 
                system or network; or
                    (B) to exfiltrate, degrade, corrupt, destroy, or 
                release information from such a system or network 
                without authorization for purposes of--
                          (i) conducting influence operations; or

[[Page 131 STAT. 910]]

                          (ii) causing a significant misappropriation of 
                      funds, economic resources, trade secrets, personal 
                      identifications, or financial information for 
                      commercial or competitive advantage or private 
                      financial gain;
            (2) significant destructive malware attacks; and
            (3) significant denial of service activities.
SEC. 225. <<NOTE: Time 
                        period. President. Determination.>> IMPOSITIO
                        N OF SANCTIONS RELATING TO SPECIAL RUSSIAN 
                        CRUDE OIL PROJECTS.

    Section 4(b)(1) of the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014 (22 
U.S.C. 8923(b)(1)) is amended by striking ``on and after the date that 
is 45 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the President 
may impose'' and inserting ``on and after the date that is 30 days after 
the date of the enactment of the Countering Russian Influence in Europe 
and Eurasia Act of 2017, the President shall impose, unless the 
President determines that it is not in the national interest of the 
United States to do so,''.
SEC. 226. <<NOTE: President. Determination. Effective 
                        dates.>> IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH 
                        RESPECT TO RUSSIAN AND OTHER FOREIGN 
                        FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS.

    Section 5 of the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C. 
8924) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``may impose'' and inserting ``shall 
                impose, unless the President determines that it is not 
                in the national interest of the United States to do 
                so,''; and
                    (B) by striking ``on or after the date of the 
                enactment of this Act'' and inserting ``on or after the 
                date of the enactment of the Countering Russian 
                Influence in Europe and Eurasia Act of 2017''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``may impose'' and inserting ``shall 
                impose, unless the President determines that it is not 
                in the national interest of the United States to do 
                so,''; and
                    (B) by striking ``on or after the date that is 180 
                days after the date of the enactment of this Act'' and 
                inserting ``on or after the date that is 30 days after 
                the date of the enactment of the Countering Russian 
                Influence in Europe and Eurasia Act of 2017''.
SEC. 227. <<NOTE: President. Determinations.>> MANDATORY 
                        IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO 
                        SIGNIFICANT CORRUPTION IN THE RUSSIAN 
                        FEDERATION.

    Section 9 of the Sovereignty, Integrity, Democracy, and Economic 
Stability of Ukraine Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C. 8908(a)) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``is authorized and encouraged to'' and 
                inserting ``shall''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``President determines is'' 
                      and inserting ``President determines is, on or 
                      after the date of the enactment of the Countering 
                      Russian Influence in Europe and Eurasia Act of 
                      2017,''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``or elsewhere'' after ``in 
                      the Russian Federation'';

[[Page 131 STAT. 911]]

            (2) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e);
            (3) in subsection (c), by striking ``The President'' and 
        inserting ``except as provided in subsection (d), the 
        President''; and
            (4) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:

    ``(d) <<NOTE: Waiver authority.>> Application of New Sanctions.--The 
President may waive the initial application of sanctions under 
subsection (b) with respect to a person only if the President submits to 
the appropriate congressional committees--
            ``(1) a written determination that the waiver--
                    ``(A) is in the vital national security interests of 
                the United States; or
                    ``(B) will further the enforcement of this Act; and
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Certification.>> a certification that the 
        Government of the Russian Federation is taking steps to 
        implement the Minsk Agreement to address the ongoing conflict in 
        eastern Ukraine, signed in Minsk, Belarus, on February 11, 2015, 
        by the leaders of Ukraine, Russia, France, and Germany, the 
        Minsk Protocol, which was agreed to on September 5, 2014, and 
        any successor agreements that are agreed to by the Government of 
        Ukraine.''.
SEC. 228. MANDATORY IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO 
                        CERTAIN TRANSACTIONS WITH FOREIGN 
                        SANCTIONS EVADERS AND SERIOUS HUMAN RIGHTS 
                        ABUSERS IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

    (a) In General.--The Support for the Sovereignty, Integrity, 
Democracy, and Economic Stability of Ukraine Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C. 8901 
et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:
``SEC. 10. <<NOTE: President. Determinations. 22 USC 
                      8909.>> MANDATORY IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS 
                      WITH RESPECT TO CERTAIN TRANSACTIONS WITH 
                      PERSONS THAT EVADE SANCTIONS IMPOSED WITH 
                      RESPECT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

    ``(a) In General.--The President shall impose the sanctions 
described in subsection (b) with respect to a foreign person if the 
President determines that the foreign person knowingly, on or after the 
date of the enactment of the Countering Russian Influence in Europe and 
Eurasia Act of 2017--
            ``(1) materially violates, attempts to violate, conspires to 
        violate, or causes a violation of any license, order, 
        regulation, or prohibition contained in or issued pursuant to 
        any covered Executive order, this Act, or the Ukraine Freedom 
        Support Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C. 8921 et seq.); or
            ``(2) facilitates a significant transaction or transactions, 
        including deceptive or structured transactions, for or on behalf 
        of--
                    ``(A) any person subject to sanctions imposed by the 
                United States with respect to the Russian Federation; or
                    ``(B) any child, spouse, parent, or sibling of an 
                individual described in subparagraph (A).

    ``(b) Sanctions Described.--The sanctions described in this 
subsection are the exercise of all powers granted to the President by 
the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) 
to the extent necessary to block and prohibit all transactions in all 
property and interests in property of a person determined by the 
President to be subject to subsection (a) if such property and interests 
in property are in the United States, come

[[Page 131 STAT. 912]]

within the United States, or are or come within the possession or 
control of a United States person.
    ``(c) Implementation; Penalties.--
            ``(1) Implementation.--The President may exercise all 
        authorities provided to the President under sections 203 and 205 
        of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 
        1702 and 1704) to carry out subsection (b).
            ``(2) Penalties.--A person that violates, attempts to 
        violate, conspires to violate, or causes a violation of 
        subsection (b) or any regulation, license, or order issued to 
        carry out subsection (b) shall be subject to the penalties set 
        forth in subsections (b) and (c) of section 206 of the 
        International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1705) to 
        the same extent as a person that commits an unlawful act 
        described in subsection (a) of that section.

    ``(d) <<NOTE: Waiver authority. Determinations.>> Application of New 
Sanctions.--The President may waive the initial application of sanctions 
under subsection (b) with respect to a person only if the President 
submits to the appropriate congressional committees--
            ``(1) a written determination that the waiver--
                    ``(A) is in the vital national security interests of 
                the United States; or
                    ``(B) will further the enforcement of this Act;
            ``(2) in the case of sanctions imposed under this section in 
        connection with a covered Executive order described in 
        subparagraph (A), (B), (C), or (D) of subsection (f)(1), a 
        certification that the Government of the Russian Federation is 
        taking steps to implement the Minsk Agreement to address the 
        ongoing conflict in eastern Ukraine, signed in Minsk, Belarus, 
        on February 11, 2015, by the leaders of Ukraine, Russia, France, 
        and Germany, the Minsk Protocol, which was agreed to on 
        September 5, 2014, and any successor agreements that are agreed 
        to by the Government of Ukraine; and
            ``(3) in the case of sanctions imposed under this section in 
        connection with a covered Executive order described in 
        subparagraphs (E) or (F) of subsection (f)(1), a certification 
        that the Government of the Russian Federation has made 
        significant efforts to reduce the number and intensity of cyber 
        intrusions conducted by that Government.

    ``(e) <<NOTE: Notices.>> Termination.--Subject to section 216 of the 
Russia Sanctions Review Act of 2017, the President may terminate the 
application of sanctions under subsection (b) with respect to a person 
if the President submits to the appropriate congressional committees--
            ``(1) a notice of and justification for the termination; and
            ``(2) a notice that--
                    ``(A) the person is not engaging in the activity 
                that was the basis for the sanctions or has taken 
                significant verifiable steps toward stopping the 
                activity; and
                    ``(B) the President has received reliable assurances 
                that the person will not knowingly engage in activity 
                subject to sanctions under subsection (a) in the future.

    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Covered executive order.--The term `covered Executive 
        order' means any of the following:

[[Page 131 STAT. 913]]

                    ``(A) Executive Order No. 13660 (79 Fed. Reg. 13493; 
                relating to blocking property of certain persons 
                contributing to the situation in Ukraine).
                    ``(B) Executive Order No. 13661 (79 Fed. Reg. 15535; 
                relating to blocking property of additional persons 
                contributing to the situation in Ukraine).
                    ``(C) Executive Order No. 13662 (79 Fed. Reg. 16169; 
                relating to blocking property of additional persons 
                contributing to the situation in Ukraine).
                    ``(D) Executive Order No. 13685 (79 Fed. Reg. 77357; 
                relating to blocking property of certain persons and 
                prohibiting certain transactions with respect to the 
                Crimea region of Ukraine).
                    ``(E) Executive Order No. 13694 (80 Fed. Reg. 18077; 
                relating to blocking the property of certain persons 
                engaging in significant malicious cyber-enabled 
                activities), relating to the Russian Federation.
                    ``(F) Executive Order No. 13757 (82 Fed. Reg. 1; 
                relating to taking additional steps to address the 
                national emergency with respect to significant malicious 
                cyber-enabled activities), relating to the Russian 
                Federation.
            ``(2) Foreign person.--The term `foreign person' has the 
        meaning given such term in section 595.304 of title 31, Code of 
        Federal Regulations (as in effect on the date of the enactment 
        of this section).
            ``(3) Structured.--The term `structured', with respect to a 
        transaction, has the meaning given the term `structure' in 
        paragraph (xx) of section 1010.100 of title 31, Code of Federal 
        Regulations (or any corresponding similar regulation or ruling).
``SEC. 11. <<NOTE: President. Determinations. 22 USC 
                      8910.>> MANDATORY IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS 
                      WITH RESPECT TO TRANSACTIONS WITH PERSONS 
                      RESPONSIBLE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES.

    ``(a) In General.--The President shall impose the sanctions 
described in subsection (b) with respect to a foreign person if the 
President determines that the foreign person, based on credible 
information, on or after the date of the enactment of this section--
            ``(1) is responsible for, complicit in, or responsible for 
        ordering, controlling, or otherwise directing, the commission of 
        serious human rights abuses in any territory forcibly occupied 
        or otherwise controlled by the Government of the Russian 
        Federation;
            ``(2) materially assists, sponsors, or provides financial, 
        material, or technological support for, or goods or services to, 
        a foreign person described in paragraph (1); or
            ``(3) is owned or controlled by, or acts or purports to act 
        for or on behalf of, directly or indirectly, a foreign person 
        described in paragraph (1).

    ``(b) Sanctions Described.--
            ``(1) Asset blocking.--The exercise of all powers granted to 
        the President by the International Emergency Economic Powers Act 
        (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) to the extent necessary to block and 
        prohibit all transactions in all property and interests in 
        property of a person determined by the President to be subject 
        to subsection (a) if such property and interests in property are 
        in the United States, come within the United

[[Page 131 STAT. 914]]

        States, or are or come within the possession or control of a 
        United States person.
            ``(2) Exclusion from the united states and revocation of 
        visa or other documentation.--In the case of an alien determined 
        by the President to be subject to subsection (a), denial of a 
        visa to, and exclusion from the United States of, the alien, and 
        revocation in accordance with section 221(i) of the Immigration 
        and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1201(i)), of any visa or other 
        documentation of the alien.

    ``(c) <<NOTE: Waiver authority.>> Application of New Sanctions.--The 
President may waive the initial application of sanctions under 
subsection (b) with respect to a person only if the President submits to 
the appropriate congressional committees--
            ``(1) a written determination that the waiver--
                    ``(A) is in the vital national security interests of 
                the United States; or
                    ``(B) will further the enforcement of this Act; and
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Certification.>> a certification that the 
        Government of the Russian Federation has made efforts to reduce 
        serious human rights abuses in territory forcibly occupied or 
        otherwise controlled by that Government.

    ``(d) Implementation; Penalties.--
            ``(1) Implementation.--The President may exercise all 
        authorities provided to the President under sections 203 and 205 
        of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 
        1702 and 1704) to carry out subsection (b)(1).
            ``(2) Penalties.--A person that violates, attempts to 
        violate, conspires to violate, or causes a violation of 
        subsection (b)(1) or any regulation, license, or order issued to 
        carry out subsection (b)(1) shall be subject to the penalties 
        set forth in subsections (b) and (c) of section 206 of the 
        International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1705) to 
        the same extent as a person that commits an unlawful act 
        described in subsection (a) of that section.

    ``(e) <<NOTE: Notices.>> Termination.--Subject to section 216 of 
Russia Sanctions Review Act of 2017, the President may terminate the 
application of sanctions under subsection (b) with respect to a person 
if the President submits to the appropriate congressional committees--
            ``(1) a notice of and justification for the termination; and
            ``(2) a notice--
                    ``(A) that--
                          ``(i) the person is not engaging in the 
                      activity that was the basis for the sanctions or 
                      has taken significant verifiable steps toward 
                      stopping the activity; and
                          ``(ii) the President has received reliable 
                      assurances that the person will not knowingly 
                      engage in activity subject to sanctions under 
                      subsection (a) in the future; or
                    ``(B) that the President determines that 
                insufficient basis exists for the determination by the 
                President under subsection (a) with respect to the 
                person.''.

    (b) Definition of Appropriate Congressional Committees.--Section 
2(2) of the Support for the Sovereignty, Integrity, Democracy, and 
Economic Stability of Ukraine Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C. 8901(2)) is 
amended--

[[Page 131 STAT. 915]]

            (1) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``the Committee on 
        Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs,'' before ``the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``the Committee on 
        Financial Services'' before ``the Committee on Foreign 
        Affairs''.
SEC. 229. <<NOTE: President.>> NOTIFICATIONS TO CONGRESS UNDER 
                        UKRAINE FREEDOM SUPPORT ACT OF 2014.

    (a) Sanctions Relating to Defense and Energy Sectors of the Russian 
Federation.--Section 4 of the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014 (22 
U.S.C. 8923) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as subsections 
        (h) and (i), respectively;
            (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following:

    ``(g) Notifications and Certifications to Congress.--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>> Imposition of sanctions.--The 
        President shall notify the appropriate congressional committees 
        in writing not later than 15 days after imposing sanctions with 
        respect to a foreign person under subsection (a) or (b).
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Notices.>> Termination of sanctions with 
        respect to russian producers, transferors, or brokers of defense 
        articles.--Subject to section 216 of the Russia Sanctions Review 
        Act of 2017, the President may terminate the imposition of 
        sanctions under subsection (a)(2) with respect to a foreign 
        person if the President submits to the appropriate congressional 
        committees--
                    ``(A) a notice of and justification for the 
                termination; and
                    ``(B) a notice that--
                          ``(i) the foreign person is not engaging in 
                      the activity that was the basis for the sanctions 
                      or has taken significant verifiable steps toward 
                      stopping the activity; and
                          ``(ii) the President has received reliable 
                      assurances that the foreign person will not 
                      knowingly engage in activity subject to sanctions 
                      under subsection (a)(2) in the future.''; and
            (3) in subparagraph (B)(ii) of subsection (a)(3), by 
        striking ``subsection (h)'' and inserting ``subsection (i)''.

    (b) Sanctions on Russian and Other Foreign Financial Institutions.--
Section 5 of the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C. 8924) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsections 
        (f) and (g), respectively;
            (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following:

    ``(e) <<NOTE: Deadline.>> Notification to Congress on Imposition of 
Sanctions.--The President shall notify the appropriate congressional 
committees in writing not later than 15 days after imposing sanctions 
with respect to a foreign financial institution under subsection (a) or 
(b).''; and
            (3) in subsection (g), as redesignated by paragraph (1), by 
        striking ``section 4(h)'' and inserting ``section 4(i)''.
SEC. 230. <<NOTE: President. Notices.>> STANDARDS FOR TERMINATION 
                        OF CERTAIN SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE 
                        RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

    (a) Sanctions Relating to Undermining the Peace, Security, 
Stability, Sovereignty, or Territorial Integrity of Ukraine.--Section 8 
of the Sovereignty, Integrity, Democracy, and

[[Page 131 STAT. 916]]

Economic Stability of Ukraine Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C. 8907) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:

    ``(d) Termination.--Subject to section 216 of the Russia Sanctions 
Review Act of 2017, the President may terminate the application of 
sanctions under subsection (b) with respect to a person if the President 
submits to the appropriate congressional committees a notice that--
            ``(1) the person is not engaging in the activity that was 
        the basis for the sanctions or has taken significant verifiable 
        steps toward stopping the activity; and
            ``(2) the President has received reliable assurances that 
        the person will not knowingly engage in activity subject to 
        sanctions under subsection (a) in the future.''.

    (b) Sanctions Relating to Corruption.--Section 9 of the Sovereignty, 
Integrity, Democracy, and Economic Stability of Ukraine Act of 2014 (22 
U.S.C. 8908) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:

    ``(d) Termination.--Subject to section 216 of the Russia Sanctions 
Review Act of 2017, the President may terminate the application of 
sanctions under subsection (b) with respect to a person if the President 
submits to the appropriate congressional committees a notice that--
            ``(1) the person is not engaging in the activity that was 
        the basis for the sanctions or has taken significant verifiable 
        steps toward stopping the activity; and
            ``(2) the President has received reliable assurances that 
        the person will not knowingly engage in activity subject to 
        sanctions under subsection (a) in the future.''.
SEC. 231. <<NOTE: President. 22 USC 9525.>> IMPOSITION OF 
                        SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO PERSONS ENGAGING 
                        IN TRANSACTIONS WITH THE INTELLIGENCE OR 
                        DEFENSE SECTORS OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE 
                        RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

    (a) <<NOTE: Effective date. Determination.>> In General.--On and 
after the date that is 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the President shall impose five or more of the sanctions described 
in section 235 with respect to a person the President determines 
knowingly, on or after such date of enactment, engages in a significant 
transaction with a person that is part of, or operates for or on behalf 
of, the defense or intelligence sectors of the Government of the Russian 
Federation, including the Main Intelligence Agency of the General Staff 
of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation or the Federal Security 
Service of the Russian Federation.

    (b) <<NOTE: Waiver authority.>> Application of New Sanctions.--The 
President may waive the initial application of sanctions under 
subsection (a) with respect to a person only if the President submits to 
the appropriate congressional committees--
            (1) <<NOTE: Determination.>> a written determination that 
        the waiver--
                    (A) is in the vital national security interests of 
                the United States; or
                    (B) will further the enforcement of this title; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Certification.>> a certification that the 
        Government of the Russian Federation has made significant 
        efforts to reduce the number

[[Page 131 STAT. 917]]

        and intensity of cyber intrusions conducted by that Government.

    (c) <<NOTE: Certification. Time period.>> Delay of Imposition of 
Sanctions.--The President may delay the imposition of sanctions under 
subsection (a) with respect to a person if the President certifies to 
the appropriate congressional committees, not less frequently than every 
180 days while the delay is in effect, that the person is substantially 
reducing the number of significant transactions described in subsection 
(a) in which that person engages.

    (d) <<NOTE: Deadline. Regulations.>> Requirement To Issue 
Guidance.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the President shall issue regulations or other guidance to 
specify the persons that are part of, or operate for or on behalf of, 
the defense and intelligence sectors of the Government of the Russian 
Federation.

    (e) Penalties.--A person that violates, attempts to violate, 
conspires to violate, or causes a violation of subsection (a) or any 
regulation, license, or order issued to carry out subsection (a) shall 
be subject to the penalties set forth in subsections (b) and (c) of 
section 206 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 
U.S.C. 1705) to the same extent as a person that commits an unlawful act 
described in subsection (a) of that section.
SEC. 232. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9526.>> SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE 
                        DEVELOPMENT OF PIPELINES IN THE RUSSIAN 
                        FEDERATION.

    (a) <<NOTE: President. Coordination. Determination. Effective 
date.>> In General.--The President, in coordination with allies of the 
United States, may impose five or more of the sanctions described in 
section 235 with respect to a person if the President determines that 
the person knowingly, on or after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
makes an investment described in subsection (b) or sells, leases, or 
provides to the Russian Federation, for the construction of Russian 
energy export pipelines, goods, services, technology, information, or 
support described in subsection (c)--
            (1) any of which has a fair market value of $1,000,000 or 
        more; or
            (2) <<NOTE: Time period.>> that, during a 12-month period, 
        have an aggregate fair market value of $5,000,000 or more.

    (b) Investment Described.--An investment described in this 
subsection is an investment that directly and significantly contributes 
to the enhancement of the ability of the Russian Federation to construct 
energy export pipelines.
    (c) Goods, Services, Technology, Information, or Support 
Described.--Goods, services, technology, information, or support 
described in this subsection are goods, services, technology, 
information, or support that could directly and significantly facilitate 
the maintenance or expansion of the construction, modernization, or 
repair of energy export pipelines by the Russian Federation.
SEC. 233. <<NOTE: President. Determination. 22 USC 
                        9527.>> SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO 
                        INVESTMENT IN OR FACILITATION OF 
                        PRIVATIZATION OF STATE-OWNED ASSETS BY THE 
                        RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

    (a) In General.--The President shall impose five or more of the 
sanctions described in section 235 if the President determines that a 
person, with actual knowledge, on or after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, makes an investment of $10,000,000 or more (or any combination 
of investments of not less than $1,000,000 each, which in the aggregate 
equals or exceeds

[[Page 131 STAT. 918]]

$10,000,000 in any 12-month period), or facilitates such an investment, 
if the investment directly and significantly contributes to the ability 
of the Russian Federation to privatize state-owned assets in a manner 
that unjustly benefits--
            (1) officials of the Government of the Russian Federation; 
        or
            (2) close associates or family members of those officials.

    (b) <<NOTE: Waiver authority.>> Application of New Sanctions.--The 
President may waive the initial application of sanctions under 
subsection (a) with respect to a person only if the President submits to 
the appropriate congressional committees--
            (1) a written determination that the waiver--
                    (A) is in the vital national security interests of 
                the United States; or
                    (B) will further the enforcement of this title; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Certification.>> a certification that the 
        Government of the Russian Federation is taking steps to 
        implement the Minsk Agreement to address the ongoing conflict in 
        eastern Ukraine, signed in Minsk, Belarus, on February 11, 2015, 
        by the leaders of Ukraine, Russia, France, and Germany, the 
        Minsk Protocol, which was agreed to on September 5, 2014, and 
        any successor agreements that are agreed to by the Government of 
        Ukraine.
SEC. 234. <<NOTE: President. 22 USC 9528.>> SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT 
                        TO THE TRANSFER OF ARMS AND RELATED 
                        MATERIEL TO SYRIA.

    (a) Imposition of Sanctions.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Determination.>> In general.--The President 
        shall impose on a foreign person the sanctions described in 
        subsection (b) if the President determines that such foreign 
        person has, on or after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
        knowingly exported, transferred, or otherwise provided to Syria 
        significant financial, material, or technological support that 
        contributes materially to the ability of the Government of Syria 
        to--
                    (A) acquire or develop chemical, biological, or 
                nuclear weapons or related technologies;
                    (B) acquire or develop ballistic or cruise missile 
                capabilities;
                    (C) acquire or develop destabilizing numbers and 
                types of advanced conventional weapons;
                    (D) acquire significant defense articles, defense 
                services, or defense information (as such terms are 
                defined under the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 
                2751 et seq.)); or
                    (E) acquire items designated by the President for 
                purposes of the United States Munitions List under 
                section 38(a)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 
                U.S.C. 2778(a)(1)).
            (2) Applicability to other foreign persons.--The sanctions 
        described in subsection (b) shall also be imposed on any foreign 
        person that--
                    (A) is a successor entity to a foreign person 
                described in paragraph (1); or
                    (B) is owned or controlled by, or has acted for or 
                on behalf of, a foreign person described in paragraph 
                (1).

    (b) Sanctions Described.--The sanctions to be imposed on a foreign 
person described in subsection (a) are the following:

[[Page 131 STAT. 919]]

            (1) Blocking of property.--The President shall exercise all 
        powers granted by the International Emergency Economic Powers 
        Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (except that the requirements of 
        section 202 of such Act (50 U.S.C. 1701) shall not apply) to the 
        extent necessary to block and prohibit all transactions in all 
        property and interests in property of the foreign person if such 
        property and interests in property are in the United States, 
        come within the United States, or are or come within the 
        possession or control of a United States person.
            (2) Aliens ineligible for visas, admission, or parole.--
                    (A) Exclusion from the united states.--If the 
                foreign person is an individual, the Secretary of State 
                shall deny a visa to, and the Secretary of Homeland 
                Security shall exclude from the United States, the 
                foreign person.
                    (B) Current visas revoked.--
                          (i) In general.--The issuing consular officer, 
                      the Secretary of State, or the Secretary of 
                      Homeland Security (or a designee of one of such 
                      Secretaries) shall revoke any visa or other entry 
                      documentation issued to the foreign person 
                      regardless of when issued.
                          (ii) Effect of revocation.--A revocation under 
                      clause (i) shall take effect immediately and shall 
                      automatically cancel any other valid visa or entry 
                      documentation that is in the possession of the 
                      foreign person.

    (c) <<NOTE: Determination.>> Waiver.--Subject to section 216, the 
President may waive the application of sanctions under subsection (b) 
with respect to a person if the President determines that such a waiver 
is in the national security interest of the United States.

    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Financial, material, or technological support.--The term 
        ``financial, material, or technological support'' has the 
        meaning given such term in section 542.304 of title 31, Code of 
        Federal Regulations (or any corresponding similar regulation or 
        ruling).
            (2) Foreign person.--The term ``foreign person'' has the 
        meaning given such term in section 594.304 of title 31, Code of 
        Federal Regulations (or any corresponding similar regulation or 
        ruling).
            (3) Syria.--The term ``Syria'' has the meaning given such 
        term in section 542.316 of title 31, Code of Federal Regulations 
        (or any corresponding similar regulation or ruling).
SEC. 235. <<NOTE: President. 22 USC 9529.>> SANCTIONS DESCRIBED.

    (a) Sanctions Described.--The sanctions to be imposed with respect 
to a person under section 224(a)(2), 231(b), 232(a), or 233(a) are the 
following:
            (1) Export-import bank assistance for exports to sanctioned 
        persons.--The President may direct the Export-Import Bank of the 
        United States not to give approval to the issuance of any 
        guarantee, insurance, extension of credit, or participation in 
        the extension of credit in connection with the export of any 
        goods or services to the sanctioned person.
            (2) Export sanction.--The President may order the United 
        States Government not to issue any specific license and not to 
        grant any other specific permission or authority

[[Page 131 STAT. 920]]

        to export any goods or technology to the sanctioned person 
        under--
                    (A) the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. 
                4601 et seq.) (as continued in effect pursuant to the 
                International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 
                1701 et seq.));
                    (B) the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 et 
                seq.);
                    (C) the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2011 et 
                seq.); or
                    (D) any other statute that requires the prior review 
                and approval of the United States Government as a 
                condition for the export or reexport of goods or 
                services.
            (3) <<NOTE: Time period.>> Loans from united states 
        financial institutions.--The President may prohibit any United 
        States financial institution from making loans or providing 
        credits to the sanctioned person totaling more than $10,000,000 
        in any 12-month period unless the person is engaged in 
        activities to relieve human suffering and the loans or credits 
        are provided for such activities.
            (4) Loans from international financial institutions.--The 
        President may direct the United States executive director to 
        each international financial institution to use the voice and 
        vote of the United States to oppose any loan from the 
        international financial institution that would benefit the 
        sanctioned person.
            (5) Prohibitions on financial institutions.--The following 
        prohibitions may be imposed against the sanctioned person if 
        that person is a financial institution:
                    (A) Prohibition on designation as primary dealer.--
                Neither the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve 
                System nor the Federal Reserve Bank of New York may 
                designate, or permit the continuation of any prior 
                designation of, the financial institution as a primary 
                dealer in United States Government debt instruments.
                    (B) Prohibition on service as a repository of 
                government funds.--The financial institution may not 
                serve as agent of the United States Government or serve 
                as repository for United States Government funds.
        The imposition of either sanction under subparagraph (A) or (B) 
        shall be treated as one sanction for purposes of subsection (b), 
        and the imposition of both such sanctions shall be treated as 
        two sanctions for purposes of subsection (b).
            (6) Procurement sanction.--The United States Government may 
        not procure, or enter into any contract for the procurement of, 
        any goods or services from the sanctioned person.
            (7) Foreign exchange.--The President may, pursuant to such 
        regulations as the President may prescribe, prohibit any 
        transactions in foreign exchange that are subject to the 
        jurisdiction of the United States and in which the sanctioned 
        person has any interest.
            (8) Banking transactions.--The President may, pursuant to 
        such regulations as the President may prescribe, prohibit any 
        transfers of credit or payments between financial institutions 
        or by, through, or to any financial institution, to the

[[Page 131 STAT. 921]]

        extent that such transfers or payments are subject to the 
        jurisdiction of the United States and involve any interest of 
        the sanctioned person.
            (9) Property transactions.--The President may, pursuant to 
        such regulations as the President may prescribe, prohibit any 
        person from--
                    (A) acquiring, holding, withholding, using, 
                transferring, withdrawing, transporting, importing, or 
                exporting any property that is subject to the 
                jurisdiction of the United States and with respect to 
                which the sanctioned person has any interest;
                    (B) dealing in or exercising any right, power, or 
                privilege with respect to such property; or
                    (C) conducting any transaction involving such 
                property.
            (10) Ban on investment in equity or debt of sanctioned 
        person.--The President may, pursuant to such regulations or 
        guidelines as the President may prescribe, prohibit any United 
        States person from investing in or purchasing significant 
        amounts of equity or debt instruments of the sanctioned person.
            (11) <<NOTE: Determination.>> Exclusion of corporate 
        officers.--The President may direct the Secretary of State to 
        deny a visa to, and the Secretary of Homeland Security to 
        exclude from the United States, any alien that the President 
        determines is a corporate officer or principal of, or a 
        shareholder with a controlling interest in, the sanctioned 
        person.
            (12) Sanctions on principal executive officers.--The 
        President may impose on the principal executive officer or 
        officers of the sanctioned person, or on persons performing 
        similar functions and with similar authorities as such officer 
        or officers, any of the sanctions under this subsection.

    (b) Sanctioned Person Defined.--In this section, the term 
``sanctioned person'' means a person subject to sanctions under section 
224(a)(2), 231(b), 232(a), or 233(a).
SEC. 236. <<NOTE: President. 22 USC 9530.>> EXCEPTIONS, WAIVER, 
                        AND TERMINATION.

    (a) Exceptions.--The provisions of this part and amendments made by 
this part shall not apply with respect to the following:
            (1) Activities subject to the reporting requirements under 
        title V of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3091 et 
        seq.), or any authorized intelligence activities of the United 
        States.
            (2) The admission of an alien to the United States if such 
        admission is necessary to comply with United States obligations 
        under the Agreement between the United Nations and the United 
        States of America regarding the Headquarters of the United 
        Nations, signed at Lake Success June 26, 1947, and entered into 
        force November 21, 1947, under the Convention on Consular 
        Relations, done at Vienna April 24, 1963, and entered into force 
        March 19, 1967, or under other international agreements.

    (b) <<NOTE: Determination.>> Waiver of Sanctions That Are Imposed.--
Subject to section 216, if the President imposes sanctions with respect 
to a person under this part or the amendments made by this part, the 
President may waive the application of those sanctions if the President 
determines that such a waiver is in the national security interest of 
the United States.

[[Page 131 STAT. 922]]

    (c) <<NOTE: Notice.>> Termination.--Subject to section 216, the 
President may terminate the application of sanctions under section 224, 
231, 232, 233, or 234 with respect to a person if the President submits 
to the appropriate congressional committees--
            (1) a notice of and justification for the termination; and
            (2) a notice that--
                    (A) the person is not engaging in the activity that 
                was the basis for the sanctions or has taken significant 
                verifiable steps toward stopping the activity; and
                    (B) the President has received reliable assurances 
                that the person will not knowingly engage in activity 
                subject to sanctions under this part in the future.
SEC. 237. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9531.>> EXCEPTION RELATING TO ACTIVITIES 
                        OF THE NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE 
                        ADMINISTRATION.

    (a) In General.--This Act and the amendments made by this Act shall 
not apply with respect to activities of the National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration.
    (b) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this Act or the amendments 
made by this Act shall be construed to authorize the imposition of any 
sanction or other condition, limitation, restriction, or prohibition, 
that directly or indirectly impedes the supply by any entity of the 
Russian Federation of any product or service, or the procurement of such 
product or service by any contractor or subcontractor of the United 
States or any other entity, relating to or in connection with any space 
launch conducted for--
            (1) the National Aeronautics and Space Administration; or
            (2) any other non-Department of Defense customer.
SEC. 238. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9532.>> RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

    Nothing in this part or the amendments made by this part shall be 
construed--
            (1) to supersede the limitations or exceptions on the use of 
        rocket engines for national security purposes under section 1608 
        of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 
        Stat. 3626; 10 U.S.C. 2271 note), as amended by section 1607 of 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
        (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1100) and section 1602 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public 
        Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2582); or
            (2) to prohibit a contractor or subcontractor of the 
        Department of Defense from acquiring components referred to in 
        such section 1608.

                             PART 3--REPORTS

SEC. 241. REPORT ON OLIGARCHS AND PARASTATAL ENTITIES OF THE 
                        RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

    (a) <<NOTE: Consultation.>> In General.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the 
Treasury, in consultation with the Director of National Intelligence and 
the Secretary of State, shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
committees a detailed report on the following:
            (1) Senior foreign political figures and oligarchs in the 
        Russian Federation, including the following:

[[Page 131 STAT. 923]]

                    (A) An identification of the most significant senior 
                foreign political figures and oligarchs in the Russian 
                Federation, as determined by their closeness to the 
                Russian regime and their net worth.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Assessment. Vladimir Putin.>> An 
                assessment of the relationship between individuals 
                identified under subparagraph (A) and President Vladimir 
                Putin or other members of the Russian ruling elite.
                    (C) An identification of any indices of corruption 
                with respect to those individuals.
                    (D) <<NOTE: Estimate.>> The estimated net worth and 
                known sources of income of those individuals and their 
                family members (including spouses, children, parents, 
                and siblings), including assets, investments, other 
                business interests, and relevant beneficial ownership 
                information.
                    (E) An identification of the non-Russian business 
                affiliations of those individuals.
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessment.>> Russian parastatal entities, 
        including an assessment of the following:
                    (A) The emergence of Russian parastatal entities and 
                their role in the economy of the Russian Federation.
                    (B) The leadership structures and beneficial 
                ownership of those entities.
                    (C) The scope of the non-Russian business 
                affiliations of those entities.
            (3) The exposure of key economic sectors of the United 
        States to Russian politically exposed persons and parastatal 
        entities, including, at a minimum, the banking, securities, 
        insurance, and real estate sectors.
            (4) The likely effects of imposing debt and equity 
        restrictions on Russian parastatal entities, as well as the 
        anticipated effects of adding Russian parastatal entities to the 
        list of specially designated nationals and blocked persons 
        maintained by the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the 
        Department of the Treasury.
            (5) The potential impacts of imposing secondary sanctions 
        with respect to Russian oligarchs, Russian state-owned 
        enterprises, and Russian parastatal entities, including impacts 
        on the entities themselves and on the economy of the Russian 
        Federation, as well as on the economies of the United States and 
        allies of the United States.

    (b) Form of Report.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
be submitted in an unclassified form, but may contain a classified 
annex.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban 
                Affairs, the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the 
                Committee on Finance of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee 
                on Financial Services, and the Committee on Ways and 
                Means of the House of Representatives.
            (2) Senior foreign political figure.--The term ``senior 
        foreign political figure'' has the meaning given that term in 
        section 1010.605 of title 31, Code of Federal Regulations (or 
        any corresponding similar regulation or ruling).

[[Page 131 STAT. 924]]

SEC. 242. REPORT ON EFFECTS OF EXPANDING SANCTIONS TO INCLUDE 
                        SOVEREIGN DEBT AND DERIVATIVE PRODUCTS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Consultation.>> In General.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the 
Treasury, in consultation with the Director of National Intelligence and 
the Secretary of State, shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
committees a report describing in detail the potential effects of 
expanding sanctions under Directive 1 (as amended), dated September 12, 
2014, issued by the Office of Foreign Assets Control under Executive 
Order No. 13662 (79 Fed. Reg. 16169; relating to blocking property of 
additional persons contributing to the situation in Ukraine), or any 
successor directive, to include sovereign debt and the full range of 
derivative products.

    (b) Form of Report.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
be submitted in an unclassified form, but may contain a classified 
annex.
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, 
        the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the Committee on Finance 
        of the Senate; and
            (2) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on 
        Financial Services, and the Committee on Ways and Means of the 
        House of Representatives.
SEC. 243. REPORT ON ILLICIT FINANCE RELATING TO THE RUSSIAN 
                        FEDERATION.

    (a) <<NOTE: Time periods.>> In General.--Not later than 1 year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, and not later than the end of 
each 1-year period thereafter until 2021, the Secretary of the Treasury 
shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report 
describing interagency efforts in the United States to combat illicit 
finance relating to the Russian Federation.

    (b) <<NOTE: Summary.>> Elements.--The report required by subsection 
(a) shall contain a summary of efforts by the United States to do the 
following:
            (1) Identify, investigate, map, and disrupt illicit 
        financial flows linked to the Russian Federation if such flows 
        affect the United States financial system or those of major 
        allies of the United States.
            (2) Conduct outreach to the private sector, including 
        information sharing efforts to strengthen compliance efforts by 
        entities, including financial institutions, to prevent illicit 
        financial flows described in paragraph (1).
            (3) Engage and coordinate with allied international partners 
        on illicit finance, especially in Europe, to coordinate efforts 
        to uncover and prosecute the networks responsible for illicit 
        financial flows described in paragraph (1), including examples 
        of that engagement and coordination.
            (4) Identify foreign sanctions evaders and loopholes within 
        the sanctions regimes of foreign partners of the United States.
            (5) Expand the number of real estate geographic targeting 
        orders or other regulatory actions, as appropriate, to degrade 
        illicit financial activity relating to the Russian Federation in 
        relation to the financial system of the United States.

[[Page 131 STAT. 925]]

            (6) Provide support to counter those involved in illicit 
        finance relating to the Russian Federation across all 
        appropriate law enforcement, intelligence, regulatory, and 
        financial authorities of the Federal Government, including by 
        imposing sanctions with respect to or prosecuting those 
        involved.
            (7) In the case of the Department of the Treasury and the 
        Department of Justice, investigate or otherwise develop major 
        cases, including a description of those cases.

    (c) Briefing.--After submitting a report under this section, the 
Secretary of the Treasury shall provide briefings to the appropriate 
congressional committees with respect to that report.
    (d) Coordination.--The Secretary of the Treasury shall coordinate 
with the Attorney General, the Director of National Intelligence, the 
Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Secretary of State in preparing 
each report under this section.
    (e) Form.--Each report submitted under this section shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban 
                Affairs, the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the 
                Committee on Finance of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee 
                on Financial Services, and the Committee on Ways and 
                Means of the House of Representatives.
            (2) Illicit finance.--The term ``illicit finance'' means the 
        financing of terrorism, narcotics trafficking, or proliferation, 
        money laundering, or other forms of illicit financing 
        domestically or internationally, as defined by the President.

     Subtitle B--Countering Russian Influence in Europe and Eurasia

SEC. 251. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9541.>> FINDINGS.

    Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The Government of the Russian Federation has sought to 
        exert influence throughout Europe and Eurasia, including in the 
        former states of the Soviet Union, by providing resources to 
        political parties, think tanks, and civil society groups that 
        sow distrust in democratic institutions and actors, promote 
        xenophobic and illiberal views, and otherwise undermine European 
        unity. The Government of the Russian Federation has also engaged 
        in well-documented corruption practices as a means toward 
        undermining and buying influence in European and Eurasian 
        countries.
            (2) The Government of the Russian Federation has largely 
        eliminated a once-vibrant Russian-language independent media 
        sector and severely curtails free and independent media within 
        the borders of the Russian Federation. Russian-language media 
        organizations that are funded and controlled by the Government 
        of the Russian Federation and disseminate information within and 
        outside of the Russian Federation routinely traffic in anti-
        Western disinformation, while few independent, fact-based media 
        sources provide objective reporting for Russian-speaking 
        audiences inside or outside of the Russian Federation.

[[Page 131 STAT. 926]]

            (3) The Government of the Russian Federation continues to 
        violate its commitments under the Memorandum on Security 
        Assurances in connection with Ukraine's Accession to the Treaty 
        on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, done at Budapest 
        December 5, 1994, and the Conference on Security and Co-
        operation in Europe Final Act, concluded at Helsinki August 1, 
        1975 (commonly referred to as the ``Helsinki Final Act''), which 
        laid the ground-work for the establishment of the Organization 
        for Security and Co-operation in Europe, of which the Russian 
        Federation is a member, by its illegal annexation of Crimea in 
        2014, its illegal occupation of South Ossetia and Abkhazia in 
        Georgia in 2008, and its ongoing destabilizing activities in 
        eastern Ukraine.
            (4) The Government of the Russian Federation continues to 
        ignore the terms of the August 2008 ceasefire agreement relating 
        to Georgia, which requires the withdrawal of Russian Federation 
        troops, free access by humanitarian groups to the regions of 
        South Ossetia and Abkhazia, and monitoring of the conflict areas 
        by the European Union Monitoring Mission.
            (5) The Government of the Russian Federation is failing to 
        comply with the terms of the Minsk Agreement to address the 
        ongoing conflict in eastern Ukraine, signed in Minsk, Belarus, 
        on February 11, 2015, by the leaders of Ukraine, Russia, France, 
        and Germany, as well as the Minsk Protocol, which was agreed to 
        on September 5, 2014.
            (6) The Government of the Russian Federation is--
                    (A) in violation of the Treaty between the United 
                States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist 
                Republics on the Elimination of their Intermediate-Range 
                and Shorter-Range Missiles, signed at Washington 
                December 8, 1987, and entered into force June 1, 1988 
                (commonly known as the ``INF Treaty''); and
                    (B) failing to meet its obligations under the Treaty 
                on Open Skies, done at Helsinki March 24, 1992, and 
                entered into force January 1, 2002 (commonly known as 
                the ``Open Skies Treaty'').
SEC. 252. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9542.>> SENSE OF CONGRESS.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Government of the Russian Federation bears 
        responsibility for the continuing violence in Eastern Ukraine, 
        including the death on April 24, 2017, of Joseph Stone, a 
        citizen of the United States working as a monitor for the 
        Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe;
            (2) the President should call on the Government of the 
        Russian Federation--
                    (A) to withdraw all of its forces from the 
                territories of Georgia, Ukraine, and Moldova;
                    (B) to return control of the borders of those 
                territories to their respective governments; and
                    (C) to cease all efforts to undermine the popularly 
                elected governments of those countries;
            (3) the Government of the Russian Federation has applied, 
        and continues to apply, to the countries and peoples of Georgia 
        and Ukraine, traditional uses of force, intelligence operations, 
        and influence campaigns, which represent clear and present 
        threats to the countries of Europe and Eurasia;

[[Page 131 STAT. 927]]

            (4) in response, the countries of Europe and Eurasia should 
        redouble efforts to build resilience within their institutions, 
        political systems, and civil societies;
            (5) the United States supports the institutions that the 
        Government of the Russian Federation seeks to undermine, 
        including the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the 
        European Union;
            (6) a strong North Atlantic Treaty Organization is critical 
        to maintaining peace and security in Europe and Eurasia;
            (7) the United States should continue to work with the 
        European Union as a partner against aggression by the Government 
        of the Russian Federation, coordinating aid programs, 
        development assistance, and other counter-Russian efforts;
            (8) the United States should encourage the establishment of 
        a commission for media freedom within the Council of Europe, 
        modeled on the Venice Commission regarding rule of law issues, 
        that would be chartered to provide governments with expert 
        recommendations on maintaining legal and regulatory regimes 
        supportive of free and independent media and an informed 
        citizenry able to distinguish between fact-based reporting, 
        opinion, and disinformation;
            (9) in addition to working to strengthen the North Atlantic 
        Treaty Organization and the European Union, the United States 
        should work with the individual countries of Europe and 
        Eurasia--
                    (A) to identify vulnerabilities to aggression, 
                disinformation, corruption, and so-called hybrid warfare 
                by the Government of the Russian Federation;
                    (B) to establish strategic and technical plans for 
                addressing those vulnerabilities;
                    (C) to ensure that the financial systems of those 
                countries are not being used to shield illicit financial 
                activity by officials of the Government of the Russian 
                Federation or individuals in President Vladimir Putin's 
                inner circle who have been enriched through corruption;
                    (D) to investigate and prosecute cases of corruption 
                by Russian actors; and
                    (E) to work toward full compliance with the 
                Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public 
                Officials in International Business Transactions 
                (commonly referred to as the ``Anti-Bribery 
                Convention'') of the Organization for Economic Co-
                operation and Development; and
            (10) the President of the United States should use the 
        authority of the President to impose sanctions under--
                    (A) the Sergei Magnitsky Rule of Law Accountability 
                Act of 2012 (title IV of Public Law 112-208; 22 U.S.C. 
                5811 note); and
                    (B) the Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability 
                Act (subtitle F of title XII of Public Law 114-328; 22 
                U.S.C. 2656 note).
SEC. 253. STATEMENT OF POLICY.

    The United States, consistent with the principle of ex injuria jus 
non oritur, supports the policy known as the ``Stimson Doctrine'' and 
thus does not recognize territorial changes effected by force, including 
the illegal invasions and occupations of Abkhazia, South Ossetia, 
Crimea, Eastern Ukraine, and Transnistria.

[[Page 131 STAT. 928]]

SEC. 254. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9543.>> COORDINATING AID AND ASSISTANCE 
                        ACROSS EUROPE AND EURASIA.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated for the Countering Russian Influence Fund $250,000,000 for 
fiscal years 2018 and 2019.
    (b) <<NOTE: Country listings.>> T5Use of Funds.--Amounts in the 
Countering Russian Influence Fund shall be used to effectively 
implement, prioritized in the following order and subject to the 
availability of funds, the following goals:
            (1) To assist in protecting critical infrastructure and 
        electoral mechanisms from cyberattacks in the following 
        countries:
                    (A) <<NOTE: Determination.>> Countries that are 
                members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization or the 
                European Union that the Secretary of State determines--
                          (i) are vulnerable to influence by the Russian 
                      Federation; and
                          (ii) lack the economic capability to 
                      effectively respond to aggression by the Russian 
                      Federation without the support of the United 
                      States.
                    (B) Countries that are participating in the 
                enlargement process of the North Atlantic Treaty 
                Organization or the European Union, including Albania, 
                Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Macedonia, Moldova, 
                Kosovo, Serbia, and Ukraine.
            (2) To combat corruption, improve the rule of law, and 
        otherwise strengthen independent judiciaries and prosecutors 
        general offices in the countries described in paragraph (1).
            (3) To respond to the humanitarian crises and instability 
        caused or aggravated by the invasions and occupations of Georgia 
        and Ukraine by the Russian Federation.
            (4) To improve participatory legislative processes and legal 
        education, political transparency and competition, and 
        compliance with international obligations in the countries 
        described in paragraph (1).
            (5) To build the capacity of civil society, media, and other 
        nongovernmental organizations countering the influence and 
        propaganda of the Russian Federation to combat corruption, 
        prioritize access to truthful information, and operate freely in 
        all regions in the countries described in paragraph (1).
            (6) To assist the Secretary of State in executing the 
        functions specified in section 1287(b) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 22 
        U.S.C. 2656 note) for the purposes of recognizing, 
        understanding, exposing, and countering propaganda and 
        disinformation efforts by foreign governments, in coordination 
        with the relevant regional Assistant Secretary or Assistant 
        Secretaries of the Department of State.

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline. Notification.>> Revision of Activities for 
Which Amounts May Be Used.--The Secretary of State may modify the goals 
described in subsection (b) if, not later than 15 days before revising 
such a goal, the Secretary notifies the appropriate congressional 
committees of the revision.

    (d) Implementation.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Consultation.>> In general.--The Secretary of 
        State shall, acting through the Coordinator of United States 
        Assistance to Europe and Eurasia (authorized pursuant to section 
        601 of the Support for East European Democracy (SEED) Act of 
        1989 (22 U.S.C.

[[Page 131 STAT. 929]]

        5461) and section 102 of the Freedom for Russia and Emerging 
        Eurasian Democracies and Open Markets Support Act of 1992 (22 
        U.S.C. 5812)), and in consultation with the Administrator for 
        the United States Agency for International Development, the 
        Director of the Global Engagement Center of the Department of 
        State, the Secretary of Defense, the Chairman of the 
        Broadcasting Board of Governors, and the heads of other relevant 
        Federal agencies, coordinate and carry out activities to achieve 
        the goals described in subsection (b).
            (2) Method.--Activities to achieve the goals described in 
        subsection (b) shall be carried out through--
                    (A) initiatives of the United States Government;
                    (B) Federal grant programs such as the Information 
                Access Fund; or
                    (C) nongovernmental or international organizations, 
                such as the Organization for Security and Co-operation 
                in Europe, the National Endowment for Democracy, the 
                Black Sea Trust, the Balkan Trust for Democracy, the 
                Prague Civil Society Centre, the North Atlantic Treaty 
                Organization Strategic Communications Centre of 
                Excellence, the European Endowment for Democracy, and 
                related organizations.
            (3) Report on implementation.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than April 1 of each 
                year, the Secretary of State, acting through the 
                Coordinator of United States Assistance to Europe and 
                Eurasia, shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
                committees a report on the programs and activities 
                carried out to achieve the goals described in subsection 
                (b) during the preceding fiscal year.
                    (B) Elements.--Each report required by subparagraph 
                (A) shall include, with respect to each program or 
                activity described in that subparagraph--
                          (i) the amount of funding for the program or 
                      activity;
                          (ii) the goal described in subsection (b) to 
                      which the program or activity relates; and
                          (iii) <<NOTE: Assessment.>> an assessment of 
                      whether or not the goal was met.

    (e) Coordination With Global Partners.--
            (1) In general.--In order to maximize cost efficiency, 
        eliminate duplication, and speed the achievement of the goals 
        described in subsection (b), the Secretary of State shall ensure 
        coordination with--
                    (A) the European Union and its institutions;
                    (B) the governments of countries that are members of 
                the North Atlantic Treaty Organization or the European 
                Union; and
                    (C) international organizations and quasi-
                governmental funding entities that carry out programs 
                and activities that seek to accomplish the goals 
                described in subsection (b).
            (2) Report by secretary of state.--Not later than April 1 of 
        each year, the Secretary of State shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees a report that includes--
                    (A) the amount of funding provided to each country 
                referred to in subsection (b) by--

[[Page 131 STAT. 930]]

                          (i) the European Union or its institutions;
                          (ii) the government of each country that is a 
                      member of the European Union or the North Atlantic 
                      Treaty Organization; and
                          (iii) international organizations and quasi-
                      governmental funding entities that carry out 
                      programs and activities that seek to accomplish 
                      the goals described in subsection (b); and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Assessment.>> an assessment of whether 
                the funding described in subparagraph (A) is 
                commensurate with funding provided by the United States 
                for those goals.

    (f) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to apply to or limit United States foreign assistance not 
provided using amounts available in the Countering Russian Influence 
Fund.
    (g) Ensuring Adequate Staffing for Governance Activities.--In order 
to ensure that the United States Government is properly focused on 
combating corruption, improving rule of law, and building the capacity 
of civil society, media, and other nongovernmental organizations in 
countries described in subsection (b)(1), the Secretary of State shall 
establish a pilot program for Foreign Service officer positions focused 
on governance and anticorruption activities in such countries.
SEC. 255. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9544.>> REPORT ON MEDIA ORGANIZATIONS 
                        CONTROLLED AND FUNDED BY THE GOVERNMENT OF 
                        THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

    (a) <<NOTE: President.>> In General.--Not later than 90 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the 
President shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
report that includes a description of media organizations that are 
controlled and funded by the Government of the Russian Federation, and 
any affiliated entities, whether operating within or outside the Russian 
Federation, including broadcast and satellite-based television, radio, 
Internet, and print media organizations.

    (b) Form of Report.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form but may include a classified annex.
SEC. 256. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9545.>> REPORT ON RUSSIAN FEDERATION 
                        INFLUENCE ON ELECTIONS IN EUROPE AND 
                        EURASIA.

    (a) <<NOTE: President.>> In General.--Not later than 90 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the 
President shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees and 
leadership a report on funds provided by, or funds the use of which was 
directed by, the Government of the Russian Federation or any Russian 
person with the intention of influencing the outcome of any election or 
campaign in any country in Europe or Eurasia during the preceding year, 
including through direct support to any political party, candidate, 
lobbying campaign, nongovernmental organization, or civic organization.

    (b) Form of Report.--Each report required by subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form but may include a classified annex.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Appropriate congressional committees and leadership.--
        The term ``appropriate congressional committees and leadership'' 
        means--

[[Page 131 STAT. 931]]

                    (A) the Committee on Foreign Relations, the 
                Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, the 
                Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Homeland 
                Security and Governmental Affairs, the Committee on 
                Appropriations, the Select Committee on Intelligence, 
                and the majority and minority leaders of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee 
                on Financial Services, the Committee on Armed Services, 
                the Committee on Homeland Security, the Committee on 
                Appropriations, the Permanent Select Committee on 
                Intelligence, and the Speaker, the majority leader, and 
                the minority leader of the House of Representatives.
            (2) Russian person.--The term ``Russian person'' means--
                    (A) an individual who is a citizen or national of 
                the Russian Federation; or
                    (B) an entity organized under the laws of the 
                Russian Federation or otherwise subject to the 
                jurisdiction of the Government of the Russian 
                Federation.
SEC. 257. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9546.>> UKRANIAN ENERGY SECURITY.

    (a) Statement of Policy.--It is the policy of the United States--
            (1) to support the Government of Ukraine in restoring its 
        sovereign and territorial integrity;
            (2) to condemn and oppose all of the destabilizing efforts 
        by the Government of the Russian Federation in Ukraine in 
        violation of its obligations and international commitments;
            (3) to never recognize the illegal annexation of Crimea by 
        the Government of the Russian Federation or the separation of 
        any portion of Ukrainian territory through the use of military 
        force;
            (4) to deter the Government of the Russian Federation from 
        further destabilizing and invading Ukraine and other independent 
        countries in Central and Eastern Europe and the Caucuses;
            (5) to assist in promoting reform in regulatory oversight 
        and operations in Ukraine's energy sector, including the 
        establishment and empowerment of an independent regulatory 
        organization;
            (6) to encourage and support fair competition, market 
        liberalization, and reliability in Ukraine's energy sector;
            (7) to help Ukraine and United States allies and partners in 
        Europe reduce their dependence on Russian energy resources, 
        especially natural gas, which the Government of the Russian 
        Federation uses as a weapon to coerce, intimidate, and influence 
        other countries;
            (8) to work with European Union member states and European 
        Union institutions to promote energy security through developing 
        diversified and liberalized energy markets that provide 
        diversified sources, suppliers, and routes;
            (9) to continue to oppose the NordStream 2 pipeline given 
        its detrimental impacts on the European Union's energy security, 
        gas market development in Central and Eastern Europe, and energy 
        reforms in Ukraine; and
            (10) that the United States Government should prioritize the 
        export of United States energy resources in order to create

[[Page 131 STAT. 932]]

        American jobs, help United States allies and partners, and 
        strengthen United States foreign policy.

    (b) Plan To Promote Energy Security in Ukraine.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Coordination.>> In general.--The Secretary of 
        State, in coordination with the Administrator of the United 
        States Agency for International Development and the Secretary of 
        Energy, shall work with the Government of Ukraine to develop a 
        plan to increase energy security in Ukraine, increase the amount 
        of energy produced in Ukraine, and reduce Ukraine's reliance on 
        energy imports from the Russian Federation.
            (2) <<NOTE: Strategies.>> Elements.--The plan developed 
        under paragraph (1) shall include strategies for market 
        liberalization, effective regulation and oversight, supply 
        diversification, energy reliability, and energy efficiency, such 
        as through supporting--
                    (A) the promotion of advanced technology and modern 
                operating practices in Ukraine's oil and gas sector;
                    (B) modern geophysical and meteorological survey 
                work as needed followed by international tenders to help 
                attract qualified investment into exploration and 
                development of areas with untapped resources in Ukraine;
                    (C) a broadening of Ukraine's electric power 
                transmission interconnection with Europe;
                    (D) the strengthening of Ukraine's capability to 
                maintain electric power grid stability and reliability;
                    (E) independent regulatory oversight and operations 
                of Ukraine's gas market and electricity sector;
                    (F) the implementation of primary gas law including 
                pricing, tariff structure, and legal regulatory 
                implementation;
                    (G) privatization of government owned energy 
                companies through credible legal frameworks and a 
                transparent process compliant with international best 
                practices;
                    (H) procurement and transport of emergency fuel 
                supplies, including reverse pipeline flows from Europe;
                    (I) provision of technical assistance for crisis 
                planning, crisis response, and public outreach;
                    (J) repair of infrastructure to enable the transport 
                of fuel supplies;
                    (K) repair of power generating or power transmission 
                equipment or facilities; and
                    (L) improved building energy efficiency and other 
                measures designed to reduce energy demand in Ukraine.
            (3) Reports.--
                    (A) Implementation of ukraine freedom support act of 
                2014 provisions.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
                of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State 
                shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees 
                a report detailing the status of implementing the 
                provisions required under section 7(c) of the Ukraine 
                Freedom Support Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C. 8926(c)), 
                including detailing the plans required under that 
                section, the level of funding that has been allocated to 
                and expended for the strategies set forth under that 
                section, and progress that has been made in implementing 
                the strategies developed pursuant to that section.
                    (B) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act, and every 180 days

[[Page 131 STAT. 933]]

                thereafter, the Secretary of State shall submit to the 
                appropriate congressional committees a report detailing 
                the plan developed under paragraph (1), the level of 
                funding that has been allocated to and expended for the 
                strategies set forth in paragraph (2), and progress that 
                has been made in implementing the strategies.
                    (C) <<NOTE: Deadline.>> Briefings.--The Secretary of 
                State, or a designee of the Secretary, shall brief the 
                appropriate congressional committees not later than 30 
                days after the submission of each report under 
                subparagraph (B). In addition, the Department of State 
                shall make relevant officials available upon request to 
                brief the appropriate congressional committees on all 
                available information that relates directly or 
                indirectly to Ukraine or energy security in Eastern 
                Europe.
                    (D) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--
                In this paragraph, the term ``appropriate congressional 
                committees'' means--
                          (i) the Committee on Foreign Relations and the 
                      Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and
                          (ii) the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the 
                      Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
                      Representatives.

    (c) Supporting Efforts of Countries in Europe and Eurasia To 
Decrease Their Dependence on Russian Sources of Energy.--
            (1) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
                    (A) The Government of the Russian Federation uses 
                its strong position in the energy sector as leverage to 
                manipulate the internal politics and foreign relations 
                of the countries of Europe and Eurasia.
                    (B) This influence is based not only on the Russian 
                Federation's oil and natural gas resources, but also on 
                its state-owned nuclear power and electricity companies.
            (2) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
                    (A) the United States should assist the efforts of 
                the countries of Europe and Eurasia to enhance their 
                energy security through diversification of energy 
                supplies in order to lessen dependencies on Russian 
                Federation energy resources and state-owned entities; 
                and
                    (B) the Export-Import Bank of the United States and 
                the Overseas Private Investment Corporation should play 
                key roles in supporting critical energy projects that 
                contribute to that goal.
            (3) Use of countering russian influence fund to provide 
        technical assistance.--Amounts in the Countering Russian 
        Influence Fund pursuant to section 254 shall be used to provide 
        technical advice to countries described in subsection (b)(1) of 
        such section designed to enhance energy security and lessen 
        dependence on energy from Russian Federation sources.

    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated for the Department of State a total of $30,000,000 for 
fiscal years 2018 and 2019 to carry out the strategies set forth in 
subsection (b)(2) and other activities under this section related to the 
promotion of energy security in Ukraine.
    (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed as affecting the responsibilities required and authorities

[[Page 131 STAT. 934]]

provided under section 7 of the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014 (22 
U.S.C. 8926).
SEC. 258. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9547.>> TERMINATION.

    The provisions of this subtitle shall terminate on the date that is 
5 years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 259. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9548.>> APPROPRIATE CONGRESSIONAL 
                        COMMITTEES DEFINED.

    Except as otherwise provided, in this subtitle, the term 
``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on 
        Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, the Committee on Armed 
        Services, the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
        Affairs, the Committee on Appropriations, and the Select 
        Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and
            (2) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on 
        Financial Services, the Committee on Armed Services, the 
        Committee on Homeland Security, the Committee on Appropriations, 
        and the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House 
        of Representatives.

          Subtitle C--Combating Terrorism and Illicit Financing

  PART 1--NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR COMBATING TERRORIST AND OTHER ILLICIT 
                                FINANCING

SEC. 261. <<NOTE: President.>> DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL STRATEGY.

    (a) <<NOTE: Consultation.>> In General.--The President, acting 
through the Secretary, shall, in consultation with the Attorney General, 
the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Director 
of National Intelligence, the Director of the Office of Management and 
Budget, and the appropriate Federal banking agencies and Federal 
functional regulators, develop a national strategy for combating the 
financing of terrorism and related forms of illicit finance.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>> Transmittal to Congress.--
            (1) T4In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees a comprehensive national 
        strategy developed in accordance with subsection (a).
            (2) Updates.--Not later than January 31, 2020, and January 
        31, 2022, the President shall submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees updated versions of the national 
        strategy submitted under paragraph (1).

    (c) Separate Presentation of Classified Material.--Any part of the 
national strategy that involves information that is properly classified 
under criteria established by the President shall be submitted to 
Congress separately in a classified annex and, if requested by the 
chairman or ranking member of one of the appropriate congressional 
committees, as a briefing at an appropriate level of security.
SEC. 262. CONTENTS OF NATIONAL STRATEGY.

    The strategy described in section 261 shall contain the following:

[[Page 131 STAT. 935]]

            (1) <<NOTE: Assessment.>> Evaluation of existing efforts.--
        An assessment of the effectiveness of and ways in which the 
        United States is currently addressing the highest levels of risk 
        of various forms of illicit finance, including those identified 
        in the documents entitled ``2015 National Money Laundering Risk 
        Assessment'' and ``2015 National Terrorist Financing Risk 
        Assessment'', published by the Department of the Treasury and a 
        description of how the strategy is integrated into, and 
        supports, the broader counter terrorism strategy of the United 
        States.
            (2) Goals, objectives, and priorities.--A comprehensive, 
        research-based, long-range, quantifiable discussion of goals, 
        objectives, and priorities for disrupting and preventing illicit 
        finance activities within and transiting the financial system of 
        the United States that outlines priorities to reduce the 
        incidence, dollar value, and effects of illicit finance.
            (3) Threats.--An identification of the most significant 
        illicit finance threats to the financial system of the United 
        States.
            (4) Reviews and proposed changes.--Reviews of enforcement 
        efforts, relevant regulations and relevant provisions of law 
        and, if appropriate, discussions of proposed changes determined 
        to be appropriate to ensure that the United States pursues 
        coordinated and effective efforts at all levels of government, 
        and with international partners of the United States, in the 
        fight against illicit finance.
            (5) Detection and prosecution initiatives.--A description of 
        efforts to improve, as necessary, detection and prosecution of 
        illicit finance, including efforts to ensure that--
                    (A) subject to legal restrictions, all appropriate 
                data collected by the Federal Government that is 
                relevant to the efforts described in this section be 
                available in a timely fashion to--
                          (i) all appropriate Federal departments and 
                      agencies; and
                          (ii) as appropriate and consistent with 
                      section 314 of the International Money Laundering 
                      Abatement and Financial Anti-Terrorism Act of 2001 
                      (31 U.S.C. 5311 note), to financial institutions 
                      to assist the financial institutions in efforts to 
                      comply with laws aimed at curbing illicit finance; 
                      and
                    (B) appropriate efforts are undertaken to ensure 
                that Federal departments and agencies charged with 
                reducing and preventing illicit finance make thorough 
                use of publicly available data in furtherance of this 
                effort.
            (6) The role of the private financial sector in prevention 
        of illicit finance.--A discussion of ways to enhance 
        partnerships between the private financial sector and Federal 
        departments and agencies with regard to the prevention and 
        detection of illicit finance, including--
                    (A) efforts to facilitate compliance with laws aimed 
                at stopping such illicit finance while maintaining the 
                effectiveness of such efforts; and
                    (B) providing guidance to strengthen internal 
                controls and to adopt on an industry-wide basis more 
                effective policies.

[[Page 131 STAT. 936]]

            (7) Enhancement of intergovernmental cooperation.--A 
        discussion of ways to combat illicit finance by enhancing--
                    (A) cooperative efforts between and among Federal, 
                State, and local officials, including State regulators, 
                State and local prosecutors, and other law enforcement 
                officials; and
                    (B) cooperative efforts with and between governments 
                of countries and with and between multinational 
                institutions with expertise in fighting illicit finance, 
                including the Financial Action Task Force and the Egmont 
                Group of Financial Intelligence Units.
            (8) Trend analysis of emerging illicit finance threats.--A 
        discussion of and data regarding trends in illicit finance, 
        including evolving forms of value transfer such as so-called 
        cryptocurrencies, other methods that are computer, 
        telecommunications, or Internet-based, cyber crime, or any other 
        threats that the Secretary may choose to identify.
            (9) Budget priorities.--A multiyear budget plan that 
        identifies sufficient resources needed to successfully execute 
        the full range of missions called for in this section.
            (10) <<NOTE: Analysis.>> Technology enhancements.--An 
        analysis of current and developing ways to leverage technology 
        to improve the effectiveness of efforts to stop the financing of 
        terrorism and other forms of illicit finance, including better 
        integration of open-source data.

 PART 2--ENHANCING ANTITERRORISM TOOLS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY

SEC. 271. IMPROVING ANTITERROR FINANCE MONITORING OF FUNDS 
                        TRANSFERS.

    (a) Study.--
            (1) In general.--To improve the ability of the Department of 
        the Treasury to better track cross-border fund transfers and 
        identify potential financing of terrorist or other forms of 
        illicit finance, the Secretary shall carry out a study to 
        assess--
                    (A) the potential efficacy of requiring banking 
                regulators to establish a pilot program to provide 
                technical assistance to depository institutions and 
                credit unions that wish to provide account services to 
                money services businesses serving individuals in 
                Somalia;
                    (B) whether such a pilot program could be a model 
                for improving the ability of United States persons to 
                make legitimate funds transfers through transparent and 
                easily monitored channels while preserving strict 
                compliance with the Bank Secrecy Act (Public Law 91-508; 
                84 Stat. 1114) and related controls aimed at stopping 
                money laundering and the financing of terrorism; and
                    (C) consistent with current legal requirements 
                regarding confidential supervisory information, the 
                potential impact of allowing money services businesses 
                to share certain State examination information with 
                depository institutions and credit unions, or whether 
                another appropriate mechanism could be identified to 
                allow a similar exchange of information to give the 
                depository institutions

[[Page 131 STAT. 937]]

                and credit unions a better understanding of whether an 
                individual money services business is adequately meeting 
                its anti-money laundering and counter-terror financing 
                obligations to combat money laundering, the financing of 
                terror, or related illicit finance.
            (2) Public input.--The Secretary should solicit and consider 
        public input as appropriate in developing the study required 
        under subsection (a).

    (b) Report.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Banking, 
Housing, and Urban Affairs and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate and the Committee on Financial Services and the Committee on 
Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives a report that contains 
all findings and determinations made in carrying out the study required 
under subsection (a).
SEC. 272. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION REGARDING 
                        TERRORIST FINANCING INTELLIGENCE.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary, acting through the 
Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Crimes, should intensify 
work with foreign partners to help the foreign partners develop 
intelligence analytic capacities, in a financial intelligence unit, 
finance ministry, or other appropriate agency, that are--
            (1) commensurate to the threats faced by the foreign 
        partner; and
            (2) designed to better integrate intelligence efforts with 
        the anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing 
        regimes of the foreign partner.
SEC. 273. EXAMINING THE COUNTER-TERROR FINANCING ROLE OF THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IN EMBASSIES.

     <<NOTE: Deadline. Reports. Lists. Overview.>> Not later than 180 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs and the 
Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on 
Financial Services and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives a report that contains--
            (1) a list of the United States embassies in which a full-
        time Department of the Treasury financial attache is stationed 
        and a description of how the interests of the Department of the 
        Treasury relating to terrorist financing and money laundering 
        are addressed (via regional attaches or otherwise) at United 
        States embassies where no such attaches are present;
            (2) a list of the United States embassies at which the 
        Department of the Treasury has assigned a technical assistance 
        advisor from the Office of Technical Assistance of the 
        Department of the Treasury;
            (3) an overview of how Department of the Treasury financial 
        attaches and technical assistance advisors assist in efforts to 
        counter illicit finance, to include money laundering, terrorist 
        financing, and proliferation financing; and
            (4) an overview of patterns, trends, or other issues 
        identified by the Department of the Treasury and whether 
        resources are sufficient to address these issues.

[[Page 131 STAT. 938]]

SEC. 274. INCLUSION OF SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY ON THE NATIONAL 
                        SECURITY COUNCIL.

    (a) In General.--Section 101(c)(1) of the National Security Act of 
1947 (50 U.S.C. 3021(c)(1)) is amended by inserting ``the Secretary of 
the Treasury,'' before ``and such other officers''.
    (b) <<NOTE: 50 USC 3021 note.>> Rule of Construction.--The amendment 
made by subsection (a) may not be construed to authorize the National 
Security Council to have a professional staff level that exceeds the 
limitation set forth under section 101(e)(3) of the National Security 
Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3021(e)(3)).
SEC. 275. INCLUSION OF ALL FUNDS.

    (a) In General.--Section 5326 of title 31, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the heading of such section, by striking ``coin and 
        currency'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``subtitle and'' and inserting 
                ``subtitle or to''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``United States 
                coins or currency (or such other monetary instruments as 
                the Secretary may describe in such order)'' and 
                inserting ``funds (as the Secretary may describe in such 
                order),''; and
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``coins or 
                currency (or monetary instruments)'' and inserting 
                ``funds''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``coins or 
                currency (or such other monetary instruments as the 
                Secretary may describe in the regulation or order)'' and 
                inserting ``funds (as the Secretary may describe in the 
                regulation or order)''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents for chapter 53 of 
title 31, United States Code, <<NOTE: 31 USC 5301 prec.>> is amended in 
the item relating to section 5326 by striking ``coin and currency''.

                           PART 3--DEFINITIONS

SEC. 281. DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle--
            (1) the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means--
                    (A) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban 
                Affairs, the Committee on Foreign Relations, Committee 
                on Armed Services, Committee on the Judiciary, Committee 
                on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, and the 
                Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Financial Services, the 
                Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Armed 
                Services, the Committee on the Judiciary, Committee on 
                Homeland Security, and the Permanent Select Committee on 
                Intelligence of the House of Representatives;
            (2) the term ``appropriate Federal banking agencies'' has 
        the meaning given the term in section 3 of the Federal Deposit 
        Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813);
            (3) the term ``Bank Secrecy Act'' means--
                    (A) section 21 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act 
                (12 U.S.C. 1829b);

[[Page 131 STAT. 939]]

                    (B) chapter 2 of title I of Public Law 91-508 (12 
                U.S.C. 1951 et seq.); and
                    (C) subchapter II of chapter 53 of title 31, United 
                States Code;
            (4) the term ``Federal functional regulator'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 509 of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley 
        Act (15 U.S.C. 6809);
            (5) the term ``illicit finance'' means the financing of 
        terrorism, narcotics trafficking, or proliferation, money 
        laundering, or other forms of illicit financing domestically or 
        internationally, as defined by the President;
            (6) the term ``money services business'' has the meaning 
        given the term under section 1010.100 of title 31, Code of 
        Federal Regulations;
            (7) the term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of the 
        Treasury; and
            (8) the term ``State'' means each of the several States, the 
        District of Columbia, and each territory or possession of the 
        United States.

                    Subtitle D--Rule of Construction

SEC. 291. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9501 note.>> RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

    Nothing in this title or the amendments made by this title (other 
than sections 216 and 236(b)) shall be construed to limit the authority 
of the President under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act 
(50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).
SEC. 292. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF ARTICLE 
                        5 OF THE NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The principle of collective defense of the North 
        Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is immortalized in Article 5 
        of the North Atlantic Treaty in which members pledge that ``an 
        armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or North 
        America shall be considered an attack against them all''.
            (2) For almost 7 decades, the principle of collective 
        defense has effectively served as a strategic deterrent for the 
        member nations of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and 
        provided stability throughout the world, strengthening the 
        security of the United States and all 28 other member nations.
            (3) Following the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in 
        New York, Washington, and Pennsylvania, the Alliance agreed to 
        invoke Article 5 for the first time, affirming its commitment to 
        collective defense.
            (4) Countries that are members of the North Atlantic Treaty 
        Organization have made historic contributions and sacrifices 
        while combating terrorism in Afghanistan through the 
        International Security Assistance Force and the Resolute Support 
        Mission.
            (5) The recent attacks in the United Kingdom underscore the 
        importance of an international alliance to combat hostile nation 
        states and terrorist groups.
            (6) At the 2014 NATO summit in Wales, the member countries 
        of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization decided that all 
        countries that are members of NATO would spend

[[Page 131 STAT. 940]]

        an amount equal to 2 percent of their gross domestic product on 
        defense by 2024.
            (7) Collective defense unites the 29 members of the North 
        Atlantic Treaty Organization, each committing to protecting and 
        supporting one another from external adversaries, which bolsters 
        the North Atlantic Alliance.

    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress--
            (1) to express the vital importance of Article 5 of the 
        North Atlantic Treaty, the charter of the North Atlantic Treaty 
        Organization, as it continues to serve as a critical deterrent 
        to potential hostile nations and terrorist organizations;
            (2) to remember the first and only invocation of Article 5 
        by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in support of the 
        United States after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001;
            (3) to affirm that the United States remains fully committed 
        to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and will honor its 
        obligations enshrined in Article 5; and
            (4) to condemn any threat to the sovereignty, territorial 
        integrity, freedom, or democracy of any country that is a member 
        of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

 TITLE III-- <<NOTE: Korean Interdiction and Modernization of Sanctions 
Act.>> SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO NORTH KOREA
SEC. 301. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9201 note.>> SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Korean Interdiction and 
Modernization of Sanctions Act''.
SEC. 302. DEFINITIONS.

    (a) Amendments to Definitions in the North Korea Sanctions and 
Policy Enhancement Act of 2016.--
            (1) Applicable executive order.--Section 3(1)(A) of the 
        North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 
        U.S.C. 9202(1)(A)) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``or Executive Order 13694'' and 
                inserting ``Executive Order No. 13694''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``or Executive Order No. 13722 (50 
                U.S.C. 1701 note; relating to blocking the property of 
                the Government of North Korea and the Workers' Party of 
                Korea, and Prohibiting Certain Transactions With Respect 
                to North Korea),'' before ``to the extent''.
            (2) Applicable united nations security council resolution.--
        Section 3(2)(A) of the North Korea Sanctions and Policy 
        Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9202(2)(A)) is amended by 
        striking ``or 2094 (2013)'' and inserting ``2094 (2013), 2270 
        (2016), or 2321 (2016)''.
            (3) Foreign person.--Section 3 of the North Korea Sanctions 
        and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9202) is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (5) through (14) as 
                paragraphs (6) through (15), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following 
                new paragraph:
            ``(5) Foreign person.--The term `foreign person' means--

[[Page 131 STAT. 941]]

                    ``(A) an individual who is not a United States 
                citizen or an alien lawfully admitted for permanent 
                residence to the United States; or
                    ``(B) an entity that is not a United States 
                person.''.
            (4) Luxury goods.--Paragraph (9) of section 3 of the North 
        Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 
        9202), as redesignated by paragraph (3) of this subsection, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(C) also includes any items so designated under an 
                applicable United Nations Security Council 
                resolution.''.
            (5) North korean person.--Section 3 of the North Korea 
        Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9202), 
        as amended by paragraph (3) of this subsection, is further 
        amended--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (13) through (15) as 
                paragraphs (14) through (16), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (12) the following 
                new paragraph:
            ``(13) North korean person.--The term `North Korean person' 
        means--
                    ``(A) a North Korean citizen or national; or
                    ``(B) an entity owned or controlled by the 
                Government of North Korea or by a North Korean citizen 
                or national.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 22 USC 9202 note.>> Definitions for Purposes of This 
Act.--In this title:
            (1) Applicable united nations security council resolution; 
        luxury goods.--The terms ``applicable United Nations Security 
        Council resolution'' and ``luxury goods'' have the meanings 
        given those terms, respectively, in section 3 of the North Korea 
        Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9202), 
        as amended by subsection (a).
            (2) Appropriate congressional committees; government of 
        north korea; united states person.--The terms ``appropriate 
        congressional committees'', ``Government of North Korea'', and 
        ``United States person'' have the meanings given those terms, 
        respectively, in section 3 of the North Korea Sanctions and 
        Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9202).
            (3) Foreign person; north korean person.--The terms 
        ``foreign person'' and ``North Korean person'' have the meanings 
        given those terms, respectively, in paragraph (5) and paragraph 
        (13) of section 3 of the North Korea Sanctions and Policy 
        Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9202(5) and 9202(13)), as 
        added by subsection (a).
            (4) Prohibited weapons program.--The term ``prohibited 
        weapons program'' means--
                    (A) any program related to the development of 
                nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons, and their 
                means of delivery, including ballistic missiles; and
                    (B) any program to develop related materials with 
                respect to a program described in subparagraph (A).

[[Page 131 STAT. 942]]

 Subtitle A--Sanctions to Enforce and Implement United Nations Security 
                  Council Sanctions Against North Korea

SEC. 311. MODIFICATION AND EXPANSION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR THE 
                        DESIGNATION OF PERSONS.

    (a) Expansion of Mandatory Designations.--Section 104(a) of the 
North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 
9214(a)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (9), by striking ``; or'' and inserting 
        ``or any defense article or defense service (as such terms are 
        defined in section 47 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 
        2794));'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (10) as paragraph (15);
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following new 
        paragraphs:
            ``(10) knowingly, directly or indirectly, purchases or 
        otherwise acquires from North Korea any significant amounts of 
        gold, titanium ore, vanadium ore, copper, silver, nickel, zinc, 
        or rare earth minerals;
            ``(11) knowingly, directly or indirectly, sells or transfers 
        to North Korea any significant amounts of rocket, aviation, or 
        jet fuel (except for use by a civilian passenger aircraft 
        outside North Korea, exclusively for consumption during its 
        flight to North Korea or its return flight);
            ``(12) knowingly, directly or indirectly, provides 
        significant amounts of fuel or supplies, provides bunkering 
        services, or facilitates a significant transaction or 
        transactions to operate or maintain, a vessel or aircraft that 
        is designated under an applicable Executive order or an 
        applicable United Nations Security Council resolution, or that 
        is owned or controlled by a person designated under an 
        applicable Executive order or applicable United Nations Security 
        Council resolution;
            ``(13) knowingly, directly or indirectly, insures, 
        registers, facilitates the registration of, or maintains 
        insurance or a registration for, a vessel owned or controlled by 
        the Government of North Korea, except as specifically approved 
        by the United Nations Security Council;
            ``(14) knowingly, directly or indirectly, maintains a 
        correspondent account (as defined in section 201A(d)(1)) with 
        any North Korean financial institution, except as specifically 
        approved by the United Nations Security Council; or''; and
            (4) in paragraph (15), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``(9)'' and inserting ``(14)''.

    (b) Expansion of Additional Discretionary Designations.--
            (1) In general.--Section 104(b)(1) of the North Korea 
        Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 
        9214(b)(1)) is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``pursuant to 
                an applicable United Nations Security Council 
                resolution;'' and inserting the following: ``pursuant 
                to--
                          ``(i) an applicable United Nations Security 
                      Council resolution;
                          ``(ii) any regulation promulgated under 
                      section 404; or
                          ``(iii) any applicable Executive order;'';

[[Page 131 STAT. 943]]

                    (B) in subparagraph (B)(iii), by striking ``or'' at 
                the end;
                    (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting a semicolon; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraphs:
                    ``(D) knowingly, directly or indirectly, purchased 
                or otherwise acquired from the Government of North Korea 
                significant quantities of coal, iron, or iron ore, in 
                excess of the limitations provided in applicable United 
                Nations Security Council resolutions;
                    ``(E) knowingly, directly or indirectly, purchased 
                or otherwise acquired significant types or amounts of 
                textiles from the Government of North Korea;
                    ``(F) knowingly facilitated a significant transfer 
                of funds or property of the Government of North Korea 
                that materially contributes to any violation of an 
                applicable United National Security Council resolution;
                    ``(G) knowingly, directly or indirectly, facilitated 
                a significant transfer to or from the Government of 
                North Korea of bulk cash, precious metals, gemstones, or 
                other stores of value not described under subsection 
                (a)(10);
                    ``(H) knowingly, directly or indirectly, sold, 
                transferred, or otherwise provided significant amounts 
                of crude oil, condensates, refined petroleum, other 
                types of petroleum or petroleum byproducts, liquified 
                natural gas, or other natural gas resources to the 
                Government of North Korea (except for heavy fuel oil, 
                gasoline, or diesel fuel for humanitarian use or as 
                excepted under subsection (a)(11));
                    ``(I) knowingly, directly or indirectly, engaged in, 
                facilitated, or was responsible for the online 
                commercial activities of the Government of North Korea, 
                including online gambling;
                    ``(J) knowingly, directly or indirectly, purchased 
                or otherwise acquired fishing rights from the Government 
                of North Korea;
                    ``(K) knowingly, directly or indirectly, purchased 
                or otherwise acquired significant types or amounts of 
                food or agricultural products from the Government of 
                North Korea;
                    ``(L) knowingly, directly or indirectly, engaged in, 
                facilitated, or was responsible for the exportation of 
                workers from North Korea in a manner intended to 
                generate significant revenue, directly or indirectly, 
                for use by the Government of North Korea or by the 
                Workers' Party of Korea;
                    ``(M) knowingly conducted a significant transaction 
                or transactions in North Korea's transportation, mining, 
                energy, or financial services industries; or
                    ``(N) except as specifically approved by the United 
                Nations Security Council, and other than through a 
                correspondent account as described in subsection 
                (a)(14), knowingly facilitated the operation of any 
                branch, subsidiary, or office of a North Korean 
                financial institution.''.
            (2) <<NOTE: Applicability. 22 USC 9214 note.>> Effective 
        date.--The amendments made by paragraph (1) take effect on the 
        date of the enactment of this Act and apply with respect to 
        conduct described in subparagraphs (D) through (N) of section 
        104(b)(1) of the North Korea Sanctions

[[Page 131 STAT. 944]]

        and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016, as added by paragraph (1), 
        engaged in on or after such date of enactment.

    (c) Mandatory and Discretionary Asset Blocking.--Section 104(c) of 
the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 
9214(c)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``of a designated person'' and inserting 
        ``of a person designated under subsection (a)'';
            (2) by striking ``The President'' and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(1) Mandatory asset blocking.--The President''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Discretionary asset blocking.--The President may also 
        exercise such powers, in the same manner and to the same extent 
        described in paragraph (1), with respect to a person designated 
        under subsection (b).''.

    (d) Designation of Additional Persons.--
            
        (1) <<NOTE: Deadline. President. Reports. Determination.>> In 
        general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees a report including a 
        determination as to whether reasonable grounds exist, and an 
        explanation of the reasons for any determination that such 
        grounds do not exist, to designate, pursuant to section 104 of 
        the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 
        U.S.C. 9214), as amended by this section, each of the following:
                    (A) The Korea Shipowners' Protection and Indemnity 
                Association, a North Korean insurance company, with 
                respect to facilitating imports, exports, and reexports 
                of arms and related materiel to and from North Korea, or 
                for other activities prohibited by such section 104.
                    (B) Chinpo Shipping Company (Private) Limited, a 
                Singapore corporation, with respect to facilitating 
                imports, exports, and reexports of arms and related 
                materiel to and from North Korea.
                    (C) The Central Bank of the Democratic People's 
                Republic of Korea, with respect to the sale of gold to, 
                the receipt of gold from, or the import or export of 
                gold by the Government of North Korea.
                    (D) Kumgang Economic Development Corporation (KKG), 
                with respect to being an entity controlled by Bureau 39 
                of the Workers' Party of the Government of North Korea.
                    (E) <<NOTE: Sam Pa.>> Sam Pa, also known as Xu 
                Jinghua, Xu Songhua, Sa Muxu, Samo, Sampa, or Sam King, 
                and any entities owned or controlled by such individual, 
                with respect to transactions with KKG.
                    (F) The Chamber of Commerce of the Democratic 
                People's Republic of Korea, with respect to the 
                exportation of workers in violation of section 104(a)(5) 
                or of section 104(b)(1)(M) of such Act, as amended by 
                subsection (b) of this section.
            (2) Form.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) may 
        contain a classified annex.
SEC. 312. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9221a.>> PROHIBITION ON INDIRECT 
                        CORRESPONDENT ACCOUNTS.

    (a) In General.--Title II of the North Korea Sanctions and Policy 
Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9221 et seq.) is amended by inserting 
after section 201 the following new section:

[[Page 131 STAT. 945]]

``SEC. 201A. PROHIBITION ON INDIRECT CORRESPONDENT ACCOUNTS.

    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), if a United 
States financial institution has or obtains knowledge that a 
correspondent account established, maintained, administered, or managed 
by that institution for a foreign financial institution is being used by 
the foreign financial institution to provide significant financial 
services indirectly to any person, foreign government, or financial 
institution designated under section 104, the United States financial 
institution shall ensure that such correspondent account is no longer 
used to provide such services.
    ``(b) Exception.--A United States financial institution is 
authorized to process transfers of funds to or from North Korea, or for 
the direct or indirect benefit of any person, foreign government, or 
financial institution that is designated under section 104, only if the 
transfer--
            ``(1) arises from, and is ordinarily incident and necessary 
        to give effect to, an underlying transaction that has been 
        authorized by a specific or general license issued by the 
        Secretary of the Treasury; and
            ``(2) does not involve debiting or crediting a North Korean 
        account.

    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Correspondent account.--The term `correspondent 
        account' has the meaning given that term in section 5318A of 
        title 31, United States Code.
            ``(2) United states financial institution.--The term `United 
        States financial institution' means has the meaning given that 
        term in section 510.310 of title 31, Code of Federal 
        Regulations, as in effect on the date of the enactment of this 
        section.
            ``(3) Foreign financial institution.--The term `foreign 
        financial institution' has the meaning given that term in 
        section 1010.605 of title 31, Code of Federal Regulations, as in 
        effect on the date of the enactment of this section.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 is amended 
by inserting after the item relating to section 201 the following new 
item:

``Sec. 201A. Prohibition on indirect correspondent accounts.''.

SEC. 313. LIMITATIONS ON FOREIGN ASSISTANCE TO NONCOMPLIANT 
                        GOVERNMENTS.

    Section 203 of the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act 
of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9223) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``Transactions in 
                Lethal Military Equipment'' and inserting ``Transactions 
                in Defense Articles or Defense Services'';
                    (B) <<NOTE: President. Determination.>> in paragraph 
                (1), by striking ``that provides lethal military 
                equipment to the Government of North Korea'' and 
                inserting ``that provides to or receives from the 
                Government of North Korea a defense article or defense 
                service, as such terms are defined in section 47 of the 
                Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2794), if the 
                President determines that a significant type or amount 
                of such article or service has been so provided or 
                received''; and

[[Page 131 STAT. 946]]

                    (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``1 year'' and 
                inserting ``2 years'';
            (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``or emergency'' and 
        inserting ``maternal and child health, disease prevention and 
        response, or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(e) Report on Arms Trafficking Involving North Korea.--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Time period.>> In general.--Not later than 180 
        days after the date of the enactment of this subsection, and 
        annually thereafter for 5 years, the Secretary of State shall 
        submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report that 
        specifically describes the compliance of foreign countries and 
        other foreign jurisdictions with the requirement to curtail the 
        trade described in subsection (b)(1).
            ``(2) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall 
        be submitted in unclassified form but may contain a classified 
        annex.''.
SEC. 314. AMENDMENTS TO ENHANCE INSPECTION AUTHORITIES.

    Title II of the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 
2016 (22 U.S.C. 9221 et seq.), as amended by section 102 of this Act, is 
further amended by striking section 205 and inserting the following:
``SEC. 205. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9225.>> ENHANCED INSPECTION 
                        AUTHORITIES.

    ``(a) Report Required.--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: President. Time period.>> In general.--Not 
        later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
        section, and annually thereafter for 5 years, the President 
        shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
        report--
                    ``(A) identifying the operators of foreign sea ports 
                and airports that knowingly--
                          ``(i) significantly fail to implement or 
                      enforce regulations to inspect ships, aircraft, 
                      cargo, or conveyances in transit to or from North 
                      Korea, as required by applicable United Nations 
                      Security Council resolutions;
                          ``(ii) facilitate the transfer, transshipment, 
                      or conveyance of significant types or quantities 
                      of cargo, vessels, or aircraft owned or controlled 
                      by persons designated under applicable United 
                      Nations Security Council resolutions; or
                          ``(iii) facilitate any of the activities 
                      described in section 104(a);
                    ``(B) describing the extent to which the 
                requirements of applicable United Nations Security 
                Council resolutions to de-register any vessel owned, 
                controlled, or operated by or on behalf of the 
                Government of North Korea have been implemented by other 
                foreign countries;
                    ``(C) describing the compliance of the Islamic 
                Republic of Iran with the sanctions mandated in 
                applicable United Nations Security Council resolutions;
                    ``(D) identifying vessels, aircraft, and conveyances 
                owned or controlled by the Reconnaissance General Bureau 
                of the Workers' Party of Korea; and
                    ``(E) describing the diplomatic and enforcement 
                efforts by the President to secure the full 
                implementation of the applicable United Nations Security 
                Council resolutions, as described in subparagraphs (A) 
                through (C).

[[Page 131 STAT. 947]]

            ``(2) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall 
        be submitted in unclassified form but may contain a classified 
        annex.

    ``(b) Specific Findings.--Each report required under subsection (a) 
shall include specific findings with respect to the following ports and 
airports:
            ``(1) <<NOTE: China.>> The ports of Dandong, Dalian, and any 
        other port in the People's Republic of China that the President 
        deems appropriate.
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Iran.>> The ports of Abadan, Bandar-e-Abbas, 
        Chabahar, Bandar-e-Khomeini, Bushehr Port, Asaluyeh Port, Kish, 
        Kharg Island, Bandar-e-Lenge, and Khorramshahr, and Tehran Imam 
        Khomeini International Airport, in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
            ``(3) <<NOTE: Russia.>> The ports of Nakhodka, Vanino, and 
        Vladivostok, in the Russian Federation.
            ``(4) <<NOTE: Syria.>> The ports of Latakia, Banias, and 
        Tartous, and Damascus International Airport, in the Syrian Arab 
        Republic.

    ``(c) Enhanced Security Targeting Requirements.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security may, using a layered approach, 
        require enhanced screening procedures to determine whether 
        physical inspections are warranted of any cargo bound for or 
        landed in the United States that--
                    ``(A) has been transported through a sea port or 
                airport the operator of which has been identified by the 
                President in accordance with subsection (a)(1) as having 
                repeatedly failed to comply with applicable United 
                Nations Security Council resolutions;
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Time period.>> is aboard a vessel or 
                aircraft, or within a conveyance that has, within the 
                last 365 days, entered the territory or waters of North 
                Korea, or landed in any of the sea ports or airports of 
                North Korea; or
                    ``(C) is registered by a country or jurisdiction 
                whose compliance has been identified by the President as 
                deficient pursuant to subsection (a)(2).
            ``(2) Exception for food, medicine, and humanitarian 
        shipments.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any vessel, 
        aircraft, or conveyance that has entered the territory or waters 
        of North Korea, or landed in any of the sea ports or airports of 
        North Korea, exclusively for the purposes described in section 
        208(b)(3)(B), or to import food, medicine, or supplies into 
        North Korea to meet the humanitarian needs of the North Korean 
        people.

    ``(d) Seizure and Forfeiture.--A vessel, aircraft, or conveyance 
used to facilitate any of the activities described in section 104(a) 
under the jurisdiction of the United States may be seized and forfeited, 
or subject to forfeiture, under--
            ``(1) chapter 46 of title 18, United States Code; or
            ``(2) part V of title IV of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 
        U.S.C. 1581 et seq.).''.
SEC. 315. ENFORCING COMPLIANCE WITH UNITED NATIONS SHIPPING 
                        SANCTIONS AGAINST NORTH KOREA.

    (a) In General.--The Ports and Waterways Safety Act (33 U.S.C. 1221 
et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new section:


[[Page 131 STAT. 948]]


``SEC. 16. <<NOTE: 33 USC 1232c.>> PROHIBITION ON ENTRY AND 
                      OPERATION.

    ``(a) Prohibition.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as otherwise provided in this 
        section, no vessel described in subsection (b) may enter or 
        operate in the navigable waters of the United States or transfer 
        cargo in any port or place under the jurisdiction of the United 
        States.
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Determinations.>> Limitations on 
        application.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The prohibition under paragraph 
                (1) shall not apply with respect to--
                          ``(i) a vessel described in subsection (b)(1), 
                      if the Secretary of State determines that--
                                    ``(I) the vessel is owned or 
                                operated by or on behalf of a country 
                                the government of which the Secretary of 
                                State determines is closely cooperating 
                                with the United States with respect to 
                                implementing the applicable United 
                                Nations Security Council resolutions (as 
                                such term is defined in section 3 of the 
                                North Korea Sanctions and Policy 
                                Enhancement Act of 2016); or
                                    ``(II) it is in the national 
                                security interest not to apply the 
                                prohibition to such vessel; or
                          ``(ii) a vessel described in subsection 
                      (b)(2), if the Secretary of State determines that 
                      the vessel is no longer registered as described in 
                      that subsection.
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Deadline.>> Notice.--Not later than 15 
                days after making a determination under subparagraph 
                (A), the Secretary of State shall submit to the 
                Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on 
                Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations 
                and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                Transportation of the Senate written notice of the 
                determination and the basis upon which the determination 
                was made.
                    ``(C) <<NOTE: Notice. Federal Register, 
                publication.>> Publication.--The Secretary of State 
                shall publish a notice in the Federal Register of each 
                determination made under subparagraph (A).

    ``(b) Vessels Described.--A vessel referred to in subsection (a) is 
a foreign vessel for which a notice of arrival is required to be filed 
under section 4(a)(5), and that--
            ``(1) is on the most recent list of vessels published in 
        Federal Register under subsection (c)(2); or
            `` <<NOTE: Time period.>> (2) more than 180 days after the 
        publication of such list, is knowingly registered, pursuant to 
        the 1958 Convention on the High Seas entered into force on 
        September 30, 1962, by a government the agents or 
        instrumentalities of which are maintaining a registration of a 
        vessel that is included on such list.

    ``(c) Information and Publication.--The Secretary of the department 
in which the Coast Guard is operating, with the concurrence of the 
Secretary of State, shall--
            ``(1) maintain timely information on the registrations of 
        all foreign vessels over 300 gross tons that are known to be--
                    ``(A) owned or operated by or on behalf of the 
                Government of North Korea or a North Korean person;
                    ``(B) owned or operated by or on behalf of any 
                country in which a sea port is located, the operator of 
                which the

[[Page 131 STAT. 949]]

                President has identified in the most recent report 
                submitted under section 205(a)(1)(A) of the North Korea 
                Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016; or
                    ``(C) owned or operated by or on behalf of any 
                country identified by the President as a country that 
                has not complied with the applicable United Nations 
                Security Council resolutions (as such term is defined in 
                section 3 of such Act); and
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Deadline. Federal Register, 
        publication. Lists.>> not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this section, and periodically thereafter, 
        publish in the Federal Register a list of the vessels described 
        in paragraph (1).

    ``(d) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>> Notification of Governments.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of State shall notify each 
        government, the agents or instrumentalities of which are 
        maintaining a registration of a foreign vessel that is included 
        on a list published under subsection (c)(2), not later than 30 
        days after such publication, that all vessels registered under 
        such government's authority are subject to subsection (a).
            ``(2) Additional notification.--In the case of a government 
        that continues to maintain a registration for a vessel that is 
        included on such list after receiving an initial notification 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall issue an additional 
        notification to such government not later than 120 days after 
        the publication of a list under subsection (c)(2).

    ``(e) Notification of Vessels.--Upon receiving a notice of arrival 
under section 4(a)(5) from a vessel described in subsection (b), the 
Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating shall 
notify the master of such vessel that the vessel may not enter or 
operate in the navigable waters of the United States or transfer cargo 
in any port or place under the jurisdiction of the United States, 
unless--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Determination.>> the Secretary of State has 
        made a determination under subsection (a)(2); or
            ``(2) the Secretary of the department in which the Coast 
        Guard is operating allows provisional entry of the vessel, or 
        transfer of cargo from the vessel, under subsection (f).

    ``(f) Provisional Entry or Cargo Transfer.--Notwithstanding any 
other provision of this section, the Secretary of the department in 
which the Coast Guard is operating may allow provisional entry of, or 
transfer of cargo from, a vessel, if such entry or transfer is necessary 
for the safety of the vessel or persons aboard.
    ``(g) Right of Innocent Passage and Right of Transit Passage.--This 
section shall not be construed as authority to restrict the right of 
innocent passage or the right of transit passage as recognized under 
international law.
    ``(h) Foreign Vessel Defined.--In this section, the term `foreign 
vessel' has the meaning given that term in section 110 of title 46, 
United States Code.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Special powers.--Section 4(b)(2) of the Ports and 
        Waterways Safety Act (33 U.S.C. 1223(b)(2)) is amended by 
        inserting ``or 16'' after ``section 9''.
            (2) <<NOTE: 22 USC 9241 note.>> Denial of entry.--Section 
        13(e) of the Ports and Waterways Safety Act (33 U.S.C. 1232(e)) 
        is amended by striking ``section 9'' and inserting ``section 9 
        or 16''.

[[Page 131 STAT. 950]]

SEC. 316. REPORT ON COOPERATION BETWEEN NORTH KOREA AND IRAN.

    (a) <<NOTE: President. Time period.>> In General.--Not later than 
180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually 
thereafter for 5 years, the President shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees and leadership a report that includes--
            (1) <<NOTE: Assessment.>> an assessment of the extent of 
        cooperation (including through the transfer of goods, services, 
        technology, or intellectual property) between North Korea and 
        Iran relating to their respective nuclear, ballistic missile 
        development, chemical or biological weapons development, or 
        conventional weapons programs;
            (2) the names of any Iranian or North Korean persons that 
        have knowingly engaged in or directed--
                    (A) the provision of material support to such 
                programs; or
                    (B) the exchange of information between North Korea 
                and Iran with respect to such programs;
            (3) the names of any other foreign persons that have 
        facilitated the activities described in paragraph (1); and
            (4) <<NOTE: Determination.>> a determination whether any of 
        the activities described in paragraphs (1) and (2) violate 
        United Nations Security Council Resolution 2231 (2015).

    (b) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form but may contain a classified annex.
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees and Leadership Defined.--In 
this section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees and 
leadership'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on 
        Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, and the majority and 
        minority leaders of the Senate; and
            (2) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on 
        Financial Services, the Committee on Ways and Means, and the 
        Speaker, the majority leader, and the minority leader of the 
        House of Representatives.
SEC. 317. REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF UNITED NATIONS SECURITY 
                        COUNCIL RESOLUTIONS BY OTHER GOVERNMENTS.

    (a) <<NOTE: President. Time period.>> In General.--Not later than 
180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually 
thereafter for 5 years, the President shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees and leadership a report that evaluates the 
degree to which the governments of other countries have knowingly failed 
to--
            (1) close the representative offices of persons designated 
        under applicable United Nations Security Council resolutions;
            (2) expel any North Korean nationals, including diplomats, 
        working on behalf of such persons;
            (3) prohibit the opening of new branches, subsidiaries, or 
        representative offices of North Korean financial institutions 
        within the jurisdictions of such governments; or
            (4) expel any representatives of North Korean financial 
        institutions.

    (b) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form but may contain a classified annex.
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees and Leadership Defined.--In 
this section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees and 
leadership'' means--

[[Page 131 STAT. 951]]

            (1) the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on 
        Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, and the majority and 
        minority leaders of the Senate; and
            (2) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on 
        Financial Services, the Committee on Ways and Means, and the 
        Speaker, the majority leader, and the minority leader of the 
        House of Representatives.
SEC. 318. BRIEFING ON MEASURES TO DENY SPECIALIZED FINANCIAL 
                        MESSAGING SERVICES TO DESIGNATED NORTH 
                        KOREAN FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadlines. Time period. President.>> In General.--Not 
later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and 
every 180 days thereafter for 5 years, the President shall provide to 
the appropriate congressional committees a briefing that includes the 
following information:
            (1) <<NOTE: Lists.>> A list of each person or foreign 
        government the President has identified that directly provides 
        specialized financial messaging services to, or enables or 
        facilitates direct or indirect access to such messaging services 
        for--
                    (A) any North Korean financial institution (as such 
                term is defined in section 3 of the North Korea 
                Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 
                9202)) designated under an applicable United Nations 
                Security Council resolution; or
                    (B) any other North Korean person, on behalf of such 
                a North Korean financial institution.
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessment.>> A detailed assessment of the 
        status of efforts by the Secretary of the Treasury to work with 
        the relevant authorities in the home jurisdictions of such 
        specialized financial messaging providers to end such provision 
        or access.

    (b) Form.--The briefing required under subsection (a) may be 
classified.

    Subtitle B--Sanctions With Respect to Human Rights Abuses by the 
                        Government of North Korea

SEC. 321. SANCTIONS FOR FORCED LABOR AND SLAVERY OVERSEAS OF NORTH 
                        KOREANS.

    (a) Sanctions for Trafficking in Persons.--
            (1) In general.--Section 302(b) of the North Korea Sanctions 
        and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9241(b)) is 
        amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(3) a list of foreign persons that knowingly employ North 
        Korean laborers, as described in section 104(b)(1)(M).''.
            (2) <<NOTE: 22 USC 9241 note.>> Additional determinations; 
        reports.--With respect to any country identified in section 
        302(b)(2) of the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement 
        Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9241(b)(2)), as amended by paragraph (1), 
        the report required under section 302(a) of such Act shall--

[[Page 131 STAT. 952]]

                    (A) include a determination whether each person 
                identified in section 302(b)(3) of such Act (as amended 
                by paragraph (1)) who is a national or a citizen of such 
                identified country meets the criteria for sanctions 
                under--
                          (i) section 111 of the Trafficking Victims 
                      Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7108) (relating 
                      to the prevention of trafficking in persons); or
                          (ii) section 104(a) or 104(b)(1) of the North 
                      Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 
                      (22 U.S.C. 9214(a)), as amended by section 101 of 
                      this Act;
                    (B) be included in the report required under section 
                110(b) of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 
                (22 U.S.C. 7107(b)) (relating to the annual report on 
                trafficking in persons); and
                    (C) be considered in any determination that the 
                government of such country has made serious and 
                sustained efforts to eliminate severe forms of 
                trafficking in persons, as such term is defined for 
                purposes of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 
                2000.

    (b) Sanctions on Foreign Persons That Employ North Korean Labor.--
            (1) In general.--Title III of the North Korea Sanctions and 
        Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9241 et seq.) is 
        amended by inserting after section 302 the following new 
        sections:
``SEC. 302A. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9241a.>> REBUTTABLE PRESUMPTION 
                          APPLICABLE TO GOODS MADE WITH NORTH 
                          KOREAN LABOR.

    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), any 
significant goods, wares, articles, and merchandise mined, produced, or 
manufactured wholly or in part by the labor of North Korean nationals or 
citizens shall be deemed to be prohibited under section 307 of the 
Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1307) and shall not be entitled to entry 
at any of the ports of the United States.
    ``(b) Exception.--The prohibition described in subsection (a) shall 
not apply if the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
finds, by clear and convincing evidence, that the goods, wares, 
articles, or merchandise described in such paragraph were not produced 
with convict labor, forced labor, or indentured labor under penal 
sanctions.
``SEC. 302B. <<NOTE: President. 22 USC 9241b.>> SANCTIONS ON 
                          FOREIGN PERSONS EMPLOYING NORTH KOREAN 
                          LABOR.

    ``(a) <<NOTE: Designation.>> In General.--Except as provided in 
subsection (c), the President shall designate any person identified 
under section 302(b)(3) for the imposition of sanctions under subsection 
(b).

    ``(b) Imposition of Sanctions.--
            ``(1) In general.--The President shall impose the sanctions 
        described in paragraph (2) with respect to any person designated 
        under subsection (a).
            ``(2) Sanctions described.--The sanctions described in this 
        paragraph are sanctions pursuant to the International Emergency 
        Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) to block and 
        prohibit all transactions in property and interests in property 
        of a person designated under subsection (a), if such property 
        and interests in property are in the United States, come

[[Page 131 STAT. 953]]

        within the United States, or are or come within the possession 
        or control of a United States person.

    ``(c) Exception.--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Certification.>> In general.--A person may not 
        be designated under subsection (a) if the President certifies to 
        the appropriate congressional committees that the President has 
        received reliable assurances from such person that--
                    ``(A) the employment of North Korean laborers does 
                not result in the direct or indirect transfer of 
                convertible currency, luxury goods, or other stores of 
                value to the Government of North Korea;
                    ``(B) all wages and benefits are provided directly 
                to the laborers, and are held, as applicable, in 
                accounts within the jurisdiction in which they reside in 
                locally denominated currency; and
                    ``(C) the laborers are subject to working conditions 
                consistent with international standards.
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>> Recertification.--Not later than 
        180 days after the date on which the President transmits to the 
        appropriate congressional committees an initial certification 
        under paragraph (1), and every 180 days thereafter, the 
        President shall--
                    ``(A) transmit a recertification stating that the 
                conditions described in such paragraph continue to be 
                met; or
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Effective date.>> if such 
                recertification cannot be transmitted, impose the 
                sanctions described in subsection (b) beginning on the 
                date on which the President determines that such 
                recertification cannot be transmitted.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents in section 
        1(b) of the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 
        2016 is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
        302 the following new items:

``Sec. 302A. Rebuttable presumption applicable to goods made with North 
           Korean labor.
``Sec. 302B. Sanctions on foreign persons employing North Korean 
           labor.''.

SEC. 322. MODIFICATIONS TO SANCTIONS SUSPENSION AND WAIVER 
                        AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Exemptions.--Section 208(a) of the North Korea Sanctions and 
Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9228(a)) is amended in the 
matter preceding paragraph (1)--
            (1) by inserting ``201A,'' after ``104,''; and
            (2) by inserting ``302A, 302B,'' after ``209,''.

    (b) Humanitarian Waiver.--Section 208(b) of the North Korea 
Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9228(b)(1)) is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``201A,'' after ``104,'' in each place it 
        appears; and
            (2) by inserting ``302A, 302B,'' after ``209(b),'' in each 
        place it appears.

    (c) Waiver.--Section 208(c) of the North Korea Sanctions and Policy 
Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9228(c)) is amended in the matter 
preceding paragraph (1)--
            (1) by inserting ``201A,'' after ``104,''; and
            (2) by inserting ``302A, 302B,'' after ``209(b),''.

[[Page 131 STAT. 954]]

SEC. 323. REWARD FOR INFORMANTS.

    Section 36(b) of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 
(22 U.S.C. 2708(b)), is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (9), by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (10), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(11) the identification or location of any person who, 
        while acting at the direction of or under the control of a 
        foreign government, aids or abets a violation of section 1030 of 
        title 18, United States Code; or
            ``(12) the disruption of financial mechanisms of any person 
        who has engaged in the conduct described in sections 104(a) or 
        104(b)(1) of the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement 
        Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 2914(a) or (b)(1)).''.
SEC. 324. DETERMINATION ON DESIGNATION OF NORTH KOREA AS A STATE 
                        SPONSOR OF TERRORISM.

    (a) Determination.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>> In general.--Not later than 90 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        State shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
        determination whether North Korea meets the criteria for 
        designation as a state sponsor of terrorism.
            (2) Form.--The determination required by paragraph (1) shall 
        be submitted in unclassified form but may include a classified 
        annex, if appropriate.

    (b) State Sponsor of Terrorism Defined.--For purposes of this 
section, the term ``state sponsor of terrorism'' means a country the 
government of which the Secretary of State has determined, for purposes 
of section 6(j) of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. 
4605(j)) (as in effect pursuant to the International Emergency Economic 
Powers Act), section 620A of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 
U.S.C. 2371), section 40 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 
2780), or any other provision of law, is a government that has 
repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism.

                     Subtitle C--General Authorities

SEC. 331. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9202 note.>> AUTHORITY TO CONSOLIDATE 
                        REPORTS.

    Any reports required to be submitted to the appropriate 
congressional committees under this title or any amendment made by this 
title that are subject to deadlines for submission consisting of similar 
units of time may be consolidated into a single report that is submitted 
to appropriate congressional committees pursuant to the earlier of such 
deadlines. The consolidated reports must contain all information 
required under this title or any amendment made by this title, in 
addition to all other elements mandated by previous law.
SEC. 332. <<NOTE: 22 USC 9202 note.>> RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

    Nothing in this title shall be construed to limit--
            (1) the authority or obligation of the President to apply 
        the sanctions described in section 104 of the North Korea 
        Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (22 U.S.C. 9214), 
        as amended by section 311 of this Act, with regard

[[Page 131 STAT. 955]]

        to persons who meet the criteria for designation under such 
        section, or in any other provision of law; or
            (2) the authorities of the President pursuant to the 
        International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et 
        seq.).
SEC. 333. <<NOTE: President. Deadlines.>> REGULATORY AUTHORITY.

    (a) In General.--The President shall, not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, promulgate regulations as 
necessary for the implementation of this title and the amendments made 
by this title.
    (b) Notification to Congress.--Not fewer than 10 days before the 
promulgation of a regulation under subsection (a), the President shall 
notify and provide to the appropriate congressional committees the 
proposed regulation, specifying the provisions of this title or the 
amendments made by this title that the regulation is implementing.
SEC. 334. LIMITATION ON FUNDS.

    No additional funds are authorized to carry out the requirements of 
this title or of the amendments made by this title. Such requirements 
shall be carried out using amounts otherwise authorized.

    Approved August 2, 2017.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--H.R. 3364:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 163 (2017):
            July 25, considered and passed House.
            July 27, considered and passed Senate.
DAILY COMPILATION OF PRESIDENTIAL DOCUMENTS (2017):
            Aug. 2, Presidential statement.

                                  <all>