Text: H.R.3479 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (07/27/2017)


115th CONGRESS
1st Session
H. R. 3479


To improve border security, and for other purposes.


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

July 27, 2017

Mr. Hurd (for himself, Mr. Cuellar, Mr. Valadao, Mr. Knight, Mr. Pearce, Mr. Fitzpatrick, Mr. Rothfus, Mr. Gonzalez of Texas, and Mr. Katko) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Homeland Security, and in addition to the Committee on Energy and Commerce, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned


A BILL

To improve border security, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Secure Miles with All Resources and Technology Act”.

SEC. 2. Definitions.

In this Act:

(1) COMMISSIONER.—The term “Commissioner” means the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection.

(2) HIGH TRAFFIC AREAS.—The term “high traffic areas” has the meaning given the term in section 102(e)(1) of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996, as amended by section 102 of this Act.

(3) SECRETARY.—The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Homeland Security.

(4) SITUATIONAL AWARENESS.—The term “situational awareness” has the meaning given the term in section 1092(a)(7) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114–328).

TITLE IInfrastructure and Equipment

SEC. 101. Strengthening the requirements for border security technology along the southern border.

Section 102 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (Division C of Public Law 104–208; 8 U.S.C. 1103 note) is amended—

(1) in subsection (a)—

(A) by inserting “and border technology” before “in the vicinity of”; and

(B) by striking “illegal crossings in areas of high illegal entry into the United Sates” and inserting “, impede, and detect illegal activity in high traffic areas”;

(2) in subsection (c)(1), by inserting “and, pursuant to subsection (d), the installation, operation, and maintenance of technology” after “barriers and roads”; and

(3) by adding at the end the following new subsections:

“(d) Installation, operation, and maintenance of technology.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than January 20, 2021, the Secretary of Homeland Security, in carrying out subsection (a), shall deploy the most practical and effective technology available along the United States border for achieving situational awareness and operational control of the border.

“(2) TECHNOLOGY DEFINED.—In this subparagraph, the term ‘technology’ includes border surveillance and detection technology, including—

“(A) radar surveillance systems;

“(B) Vehicle and Dismount Exploitation Radars (VADER);

“(C) 3-dimensional, seismic acoustic detection and ranging border tunneling detection technology;

“(D) sensors;

“(E) unmanned cameras;

“(F) man-portable and mobile vehicle-mounted unmanned aerial vehicles; and

“(G) any other devices, tools, or systems found to be more effective or advanced than those specified in subparagraphs (A) through (F).

“(e) Definitions.—In this section:

“(1) HIGH TRAFFIC AREAS.—The term ‘high traffic areas’ means sectors along the northern, southern, or coastal border that—

“(A) are within the responsibility of U.S. Customs and Border Protection; and

“(B) have significant unlawful cross-border activity.

“(2) SITUATIONAL AWARENESS DEFINED.—The term ‘situational awareness’ has the meaning given the term in section 1092(a)(7) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114–328).”.

SEC. 102. Comprehensive southern border strategy.

(a) Comprehensive strategy.—

(1) REQUIREMENT.—Not later than 12 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate a comprehensive Southern border strategy.

(2) CONTENTS.—The strategy submitted under paragraph (1) shall include—

(A) a list of known physical barriers, technologies, tools, and other devices that can be used to achieve and maintain situational awareness and operational control (as such term is defined in section 2(b) of the Secure Fence Act of 2006 (8 U.S.C. 1701 note; Public Law 109–367)) along the southern border;

(B) a projected per mile cost estimate for each physical barrier, technology, tool, and other device included on the list required under paragraph (1);

(C) a detailed account of which type of physical barrier, technology, tool, or other device the Department believes is necessary to achieve and maintain situational awareness and operational control for each liner mile of the southern border;

(D) an explanation for why such physical barrier, technology, tool, or other device was chosen to achieve and maintain situational awareness and operational control for each linear mile of the southern border, including—

(i) the methodology used to determine which type of physical barrier, technology, tool, or other device was chosen for such linear mile;

(ii) an examination of existing manmade and natural barriers for each linear mile of the southern border; and

(iii) the information collected and evaluated from—

(I) the appropriate U.S. Customs and Border Protection Sector Chief;

(II) the Joint Task Force Commander;

(III) the appropriate State Governor;

(IV) local law enforcement officials;

(V) private property owners; and

(VI) other affected stakeholders;

(E) a per mile cost calculation for each linear mile of the southern border given the type of physical barrier, technology, tool, or other device chosen to achieve and maintain operational control for each linear mile; and

(F) a cost justification for each time a more expensive physical barrier, technology, tool, or other device is chosen over a less expensive option, as established by the per mile cost estimates required in subparagraph (B).

SEC. 103. Eradication of carrizo cane and salt cedar.

Not later than January 20, 2019, the Secretary, after coordinating with the heads of relevant Federal, State, and local agencies, shall begin eradicating the carrizo cane plant and any salt cedar along the Rio Grande River.

TITLE IIGrants

SEC. 201. Operation stonegarden.

(a) In general.—Subtitle A of title XX of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 601 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

“SEC. 2009. Operation Stonegarden.

“(a) Establishment.—There is established in the Department a program, which shall be known as ‘Operation Stonegarden’, under which the Secretary, acting through the Administrator, shall make grants to eligible law enforcement agencies, through the State administrative agency, to enhance border security in accordance with this section.

“(b) Eligible recipients.—To be eligible to receive a grant under this section, a law enforcement agency—

“(1) shall be located in—

“(A) a State bordering Canada or Mexico; or

“(B) a State or territory with a maritime border; and

“(2) shall be involved in an active, ongoing, U.S. Customs and Border Protection operation coordinated through a sector office.

“(c) Permitted uses.—The recipient of a grant under this section may use such grant for—

“(1) equipment, including maintenance and sustainment costs;

“(2) personnel, including overtime and backfill, in support of enhanced border law enforcement activities;

“(3) any activity permitted for Operation Stonegarden under the Department of Homeland Security’s Fiscal Year 2017 Homeland Security Grant Program Notice of Funding Opportunity; and

“(4) any other appropriate activity, as determined by the Administrator, in consultation with the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection.

“(d) Period of performance.—The Secretary shall award grants under this section to grant recipients for a period of not less than 36 months.

“(e) Report.—For each of the fiscal years 2018 through 2022, the Administrator shall submit to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives a report that contains information on the expenditure of grants made under this section by each grant recipient.

“(f) Authorization of appropriations.—There is authorized to be appropriated $110,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 through 2022 for grants under this section.”.

(b) Conforming amendment.—Subsection (a) of section 2002 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 603) is amended to read as follows:

“(a) Grants authorized.—The Secretary, through the Administrator, may award grants under sections 2003, 2004, and 2009 to State, local, and tribal governments, as appropriate.”.

(c) Clerical amendment.—The table of contents in section 1(b) of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2008 the following new item:


“Sec. 2009. Operation Stonegarden.”.

SEC. 202. Southern border region emergency communications grant.

(a) In general.—The Secretary, in consultation with the Governors of the States located on the southern border, shall establish a two-year grant program to improve emergency communications in the southern border region.

(b) Eligibility for grants.—An individual is eligible for a grant under this section if the individual demonstrates that the individual—

(1) regularly resides or works in a State on the southern border; and

(2) is at greater risk of border violence due to a lack of cellular and LTE network service at the individual’s residence or business and the individual’s proximity to the southern border.

(c) Use of grants.—Grants awarded under this section may be used to purchase satellite telephone communications systems and services that—

(1) can provide access to 9–1–1 service; and

(2) are equipped with receivers for the Global Positioning System.