Text: H.R.3568 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (07/28/2017)


115th CONGRESS
1st Session
H. R. 3568


To require manufacturers to disclose to consumers the presence of event data recorders, or “black boxes”, on new automobiles, motorcycles, and autocycles, and to require manufacturers to provide the consumer with the option to enable and disable such devices on future automobiles, motorcycles, and autocycles.


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

July 28, 2017

Mr. Capuano (for himself and Mr. Sensenbrenner) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce


A BILL

To require manufacturers to disclose to consumers the presence of event data recorders, or “black boxes”, on new automobiles, motorcycles, and autocycles, and to require manufacturers to provide the consumer with the option to enable and disable such devices on future automobiles, motorcycles, and autocycles.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Black Box Privacy Protection Act”.

SEC. 2. Findings.

Congress finds the following:

(1) Consumers have the right to know that event data recorders are installed in their vehicles, that they are capable of collecting data recorded in accidents, and how such data may be used.

(2) From the standpoint of consumer privacy rights, most consumers are not aware that their vehicles are recording data that not only may be used to aid traffic safety analyses, but has the potential of being used against them in a civil or criminal proceeding.

SEC. 3. Disclosure of event data recorders on Automobiles, motorcycles, and autocycles.

(a) Labeling disclosure for automobiles.—Section 3 of the Automobile Information Disclosure Act (15 U.S.C. 1232) is amended—

(1) in subsection (g)(4)(B) by striking “; and” and inserting a semicolon;

(2) in subsection (h), by striking the period at the end and inserting “; and”; and

(3) by adding at the end the following:

“(i) (1) the presence and location of an event data recorder;

“(2) the type of information recorded by the event data recorder and how such information is recorded; and

“(3) that the information recorded by the event data recorder also may be used in a law enforcement proceeding.”.

(b) Labeling disclosure for motorcycles and autocycles.—The Automobile Information Disclosure Act is further amended by adding after section 3 the following new section:

“SEC. 3A. Disclosure of event data recorders on motorcycles and autocycles.

“Every manufacturer of new motorcycles or autocycles distributed in commerce shall, prior to the delivery of any new motorcycle or autocycle to any dealer, or at or prior to the introduction date of new models delivered to a dealer prior to such introduction date, securely affix to the new motorcycle or autocycle a label on which such manufacturer shall disclose—

“(1) the presence and location of an event data recorder;

“(2) the type of information recorded by the event data recorder and how such information is recorded; and

“(3) that the information recorded by the event data recorder also may be used in a law enforcement proceeding.”.

(c) Definitions.—Section 2 of such Act (15 U.S.C. 1231) is amended by adding at the end the following:

“(i) The term ‘autocycle’ means a vehicle with three wheels, a partially or fully enclosed occupant compartment, and a steering wheel.

“(j) The term ‘event data recorder’ means any device or means of technology installed in an automobile that records information such as automobile or motorcycle speed, seatbelt use, application of brakes or other information pertinent to the operation of the automobile or motorcycle, as applicable.

“(k) The term ‘motorcycle’ means a vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider, designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground, and weighing less than 1,500 pounds.

“(l) The term ‘new motorcycle’ or ‘new autocycle’ means a motorcycle or autocycle, respectively, the equitable or legal title to which has never been transferred by a manufacturer, distributor, or dealer to an ultimate purchaser.”.

(d) Rulemaking.—Within 180 days following the enactment of this Act, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration shall prescribe regulations setting forth a uniform method by which a manufacturer shall provide the disclosures required by the amendments made by this section.

SEC. 4. Requirement for event data recorders on New Automobiles.

(a) In general.—Subchapter II of chapter 301 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

§ 30129. Event data recorders

“No person may manufacture for sale, sell, offer for sale, introduce or deliver into interstate commerce, or import into the United States, an automobile manufactured after 2018 (and bearing a model year of 2019 or later) that is equipped with an event data recorder, unless such event data recorder includes a function whereby the consumer can control the recording of information by the event data recorder.”.

(b) Enforcement.—Section 30165(a)(1) of chapter 301 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by inserting “30129,” after “30127,”.

(c) Table of contents amendment.—The table of contents for chapter 301 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding after the item relating to section 30128 the following new item:


“30129. Event data recorders.”.

SEC. 5. Definitions.

As used in this Act:

(1) The term “consumer” has the meaning given the term “ultimate purchaser” in section 2 of the Automobile Information Disclosure Act (15 U.S.C. 1231).

(2) The term “dealer” has the meaning given that term in section 30102(a) of title 49, United States Code.

(3) The term “event data recorder” means any device or means of technology installed in an automobile that records information such as vehicle speed, seatbelt use, application of brakes or other information pertinent to the operation of the automobile.

(4) The terms “manufacturer”, “new automobile”, and “new motorcycle” have the meanings given those terms in section 2 of the Automobile Information Disclosure Act (15 U.S.C. 1231).

SEC. 6. Effective Date.

This Act and the amendments made by this Act shall take effect 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act.