Summary: H.R.4344 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

There is one summary for H.R.4344. Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Introduced in House (11/09/2017)

End Purchase of Firearms by Dangerous Individuals Act of 2017

This bill requires each state to:

  • establish a reporting system through which mental health professionals may report information about an individual committed to a mental institution who poses a danger or an individual who communicates a serious threat of violence,
  • provide mental health records to the National Instant Criminal History Background Check System for use in determining whether a person is disqualified from possessing or receiving a firearm, and
  • establish a process related to the temporary involuntary commitment of individuals at mental health facilities.

Beginning 10 years after enactment, the Department of Justice must reduce by 5% funds under the Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant Program for a state that fails to comply with requirements.

The bill amends the federal criminal code to expand the categories of prohibited persons (i.e., persons barred from receiving or possessing a firearm) to include persons who communicate a serious threat of violence to a mental health professional.

Finally, it replaces various statutory references to persons adjudicated as a "mental defective" with persons adjudicated as "ineligible due to disqualifying mental status."