H.R.4344 - End Purchase of Firearms by Dangerous Individuals Act of 2017115th Congress (2017-2018)
|Sponsor:||Rep. Cicilline, David N. [D-RI-1] (Introduced 11/09/2017)|
|Committees:||House - Judiciary; Energy and Commerce|
|Latest Action:||House - 12/13/2017 Referred to the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, Homeland Security, and Investigations. (All Actions)|
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Summary: H.R.4344 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)
Introduced in House (11/09/2017)
End Purchase of Firearms by Dangerous Individuals Act of 2017
This bill requires each state to:
- establish a reporting system through which mental health professionals may report information about an individual committed to a mental institution who poses a danger or an individual who communicates a serious threat of violence,
- provide mental health records to the National Instant Criminal History Background Check System for use in determining whether a person is disqualified from possessing or receiving a firearm, and
- establish a process related to the temporary involuntary commitment of individuals at mental health facilities.
Beginning 10 years after enactment, the Department of Justice must reduce by 5% funds under the Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant Program for a state that fails to comply with requirements.
The bill amends the federal criminal code to expand the categories of prohibited persons (i.e., persons barred from receiving or possessing a firearm) to include persons who communicate a serious threat of violence to a mental health professional.
Finally, it replaces various statutory references to persons adjudicated as a "mental defective" with persons adjudicated as "ineligible due to disqualifying mental status."