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Titles Actions Overview All Actions Cosponsors Committees Related Bills Subjects Latest Summary All Summaries

Titles (3)

Short Titles

Short Titles - House of Representatives

Short Titles as Introduced

CLOUD Act
Clarifying Lawful Overseas Use of Data Act

Official Titles

Official Titles - House of Representatives

Official Title as Introduced

To amend title 18, United States Code, to improve law enforcement access to data stored across borders, and for other purposes.


Actions Overview (1)

Date Actions Overview
02/06/2018Introduced in House

All Actions (3)

Date All Actions
02/06/2018Referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, and in addition to the Committee on Rules, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned.
Action By: House of Representatives
02/06/2018Referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, and in addition to the Committee on Rules, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned.
Action By: House of Representatives
02/06/2018Introduced in House
Action By: House of Representatives

Cosponsors (10)


Committees (2)

Committees, subcommittees and links to reports associated with this bill are listed here, as well as the nature and date of committee activity and Congressional report number.

Committee / Subcommittee Date Activity Related Documents
House Judiciary02/06/2018 Referred to
House Rules02/06/2018 Referred to

A related bill may be a companion measure, an identical bill, a procedurally-related measure, or one with text similarities. Bill relationships are identified by the House, the Senate, or CRS, and refer only to same-congress measures.


Latest Summary (1)

There is one summary for H.R.4943. View summaries

Shown Here:
Introduced in House (02/06/2018)

Clarifying Lawful Overseas Use of Data Act or the CLOUD Act

This bill amends the federal criminal code to specify that an electronic communication service (ECS) or remote computing service (RCS) provider must comply with existing requirements to preserve, backup, or disclose the contents of an electronic communication or noncontent records or information pertaining to a customer or subscriber, regardless of whether the communication or record is located within or outside the United States.

An ECS or RCS provider may challenge a domestic warrant that compels disclosure of the contents of an electronic communication if:

  • the customer or subscriber is not a U.S. citizen or national, lawful permanent resident, corporation, or other unincorporated entity;
  • the customer or subscriber does not reside in the United States; and
  • the required disclosure creates a material risk that the provider violates the laws of a foreign government with which the United States has in effect an executive agreement on data access.

In response to an order from a foreign government with which the United States has an executive agreement on data access, an ECS or RCS provider may:

  • intercept or disclose the contents of an electronic communication, and
  • disclose the contents of a stored electronic communication or noncontent records or information pertaining to a subscriber or customer.

It establishes a framework to allow the United States to enter into executive agreements with foreign governments to govern data access. To be valid, an executive agreement must meet certain requirements, including that the foreign government affords robust procedural privacy protections and adopts minimization procedures.

This bill does not preclude a foreign authority from obtaining assistance in a criminal investigation or prosecution.