Text: H.R.5515 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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Enrolled Bill

 
[Congressional Bills 115th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[H.R. 5515 Enrolled Bill (ENR)]

        H.R.5515

                     One Hundred Fifteenth Congress

                                 of the

                        United States of America


                          AT THE SECOND SESSION

         Begun and held at the City of Washington on Wednesday,
           the third day of January, two thousand and eighteen


                                 An Act


 
To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2019 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense 
activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
         strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
    (a) In General.--This Act may be cited as the ``John S. McCain 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019''.
    (b) References.--Any reference in this or any other Act to the 
``National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019'' shall be 
deemed to be a reference to the ``John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019''.
SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into four divisions as 
follows:
        (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
        (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
        (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
    Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
        (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. National Guard and reserve component equipment report.
Sec. 112. Deployment by the Army of an interim cruise missile defense 
          capability.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Procurement authority for Ford class aircraft carrier program.
Sec. 122. Full ship shock trial for Ford class aircraft carrier.
Sec. 123. Sense of Congress on accelerated production of aircraft 
          carriers.
Sec. 124. Multiyear procurement authority for standard missile-6.
Sec. 125. Multiyear procurement authority for E-2D aircraft.
Sec. 126. Multiyear procurement authority for F/A-18E/F aircraft and EA-
          18G aircraft.
Sec. 127. Modifications to F/A-18 aircraft to mitigate physiological 
          episodes.
Sec. 128. Frigate class ship program.
Sec. 129. Contract requirement for Virginia class submarine program.
Sec. 130. Prohibition on availability of funds for Navy port waterborne 
          security barriers.
Sec. 131. Extension of limitation on use of sole-source shipbuilding 
          contracts for certain vessels.
Sec. 132. Limitation on availability of funds for M27 Infantry Automatic 
          Rifle program.
Sec. 133. Report on degaussing standards for DDG-51 destroyers.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Inventory requirement for air refueling tanker aircraft; 
          limitation on retirement of KC-10A aircraft.
Sec. 142. Multiyear procurement authority for C-130J aircraft program.
Sec. 143. Contract for logistics support for VC-25B aircraft.
Sec. 144. Retirement date for VC-25A aircraft.
Sec. 145. Repeal of funding restriction for EC-130H Compass Call 
          Recapitalization Program.
Sec. 146. Limitation on use of funds for KC-46A aircraft pending 
          submittal of certification.
Sec. 147. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement of E-8 
          JSTARS Aircraft.
Sec. 148. Report on modernization of B-52H aircraft systems.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 151. Procurement authority for additional icebreaker vessels.
Sec. 152. Buy-to-budget acquisition of F-35 aircraft.
Sec. 153. Certification on inclusion of technology to minimize 
          physiological episodes in certain aircraft.
Sec. 154. Armored commercial passenger-carrying vehicles.
Sec. 155. Quarterly updates on the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter program.

          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Modification of authority to carry out certain prototype 
          projects.
Sec. 212. Extension of directed energy prototype authority.
Sec. 213. Prohibition on availability of funds for the Weather Common 
          Component program.
Sec. 214. Limitation on availability of funds for F-35 continuous 
          capability development and delivery.
Sec. 215. Limitation on availability of funds pending report on agile 
          software development and software operations.
Sec. 216. Limitation on availability of funds for certain high energy 
          laser advanced technology.
Sec. 217. Plan for the Strategic Capabilities Office of the Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 218. National Defense Science and Technology Strategy.
Sec. 219. Modification of CVN-73 to support fielding of MQ-25 unmanned 
          aerial vehicle.
Sec. 220. Establishment of innovators information repository in the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 221. Strategic plan for Department of Defense test and evaluation 
          resources.
Sec. 222. Collaboration between Defense laboratories, industry, and 
          academia; open campus program.
Sec. 223. Permanent extension and codification of authority to conduct 
          technology protection features activities during research and 
          development of defense systems.
Sec. 224. Codification and reauthorization of Defense Research and 
          Development Rapid Innovation Program.
Sec. 225. Procedures for rapid reaction to emerging technology.
Sec. 226. Activities on identification and development of enhanced 
          personal protective equipment against blast injury.
Sec. 227. Human factors modeling and simulation activities.
Sec. 228. Expansion of mission areas supported by mechanisms for 
          expedited access to technical talent and expertise at academic 
          institutions.
Sec. 229. Advanced manufacturing activities.
Sec. 230. National security innovation activities.
Sec. 231. Partnership intermediaries for promotion of defense research 
          and education.
Sec. 232. Limitation on use of funds for Surface Navy Laser Weapon 
          System.
Sec. 233. Expansion of coordination requirement for support for national 
          security innovation and entrepreneurial education.
Sec. 234. Defense quantum information science and technology research 
          and development program.
Sec. 235. Joint directed energy test activities.
Sec. 236. Requirement for establishment of arrangements for expedited 
          access to technical talent and expertise at academic 
          institutions to support Department of Defense missions.
Sec. 237. Authority for Joint Directed Energy Transition Office to 
          conduct research relating to high powered microwave 
          capabilities.
Sec. 238. Joint artificial intelligence research, development, and 
          transition activities.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 241. Report on survivability of air defense artillery.
Sec. 242. T-45 aircraft physiological episode mitigation actions.
Sec. 243. Report on efforts of the Air Force to mitigate physiological 
          episodes affecting aircraft crewmembers.
Sec. 244. Report on Defense Innovation Unit Experimental.
Sec. 245. Modification of funding criteria under Historically Black 
          Colleges and Universities and minority institutions program.
Sec. 246. Report on OA-X light attack aircraft applicability to partner 
          nation support.
Sec. 247. Reports on comparative capabilities of adversaries in key 
          technology areas.
Sec. 248. Report on active protection systems for armored combat and 
          tactical vehicles.
Sec. 249. Next Generation Combat Vehicle.
Sec. 250. Modification of reports on mechanisms to provide funds to 
          defense laboratories for research and development of 
          technologies for military missions.
Sec. 251. Briefings on Mobile Protected Firepower and Future Vertical 
          Lift programs.
Sec. 252. Improvement of the Air Force supply chain.
Sec. 253. Review of guidance on blast exposure during training.
Sec. 254. Competitive acquisition strategy for Bradley Fighting Vehicle 
          transmission replacement.
Sec. 255. Independent assessment of electronic warfare plans and 
          programs.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense Program.
Sec. 312. Further improvements to energy security and resilience.
Sec. 313. Use of proceeds from sales of electrical energy derived from 
          geothermal resources for projects at military installations 
          where resources are located.
Sec. 314. Operational energy policy.
Sec. 315. Funding of study and assessment of health implications of per- 
          and polyfluoroalkyl substances contamination in drinking water 
          by agency for toxic substances and disease registry.
Sec. 316. Extension of authorized periods of permitted incidental 
          takings of marine mammals in the course of specified 
          activities by Department of Defense.
Sec. 317. Department of Defense environmental restoration programs.
Sec. 318. Joint study on the impact of wind farms on weather radars and 
          military operations.
Sec. 319. Core sampling at Joint Base San Antonio, Texas.
Sec. 320. Production and use of natural gas at Fort Knox, Kentucky.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 321. Authorizing use of working capital funds for unspecified minor 
          military construction projects related to revitalization and 
          recapitalization of defense industrial base facilities.
Sec. 322. Examination of Navy vessels.
Sec. 323. Limitation on length of overseas forward deployment of naval 
          vessels.
Sec. 324. Temporary modification of workload carryover formula.
Sec. 325. Limitation on use of funds for implementation of elements of 
          master plan for redevelopment of Former Ship Repair Facility 
          in Guam.
Sec. 326. Business case analysis for proposed relocation of J85 Engine 
          Regional Repair Center.
Sec. 327. Report on pilot program for micro-reactors.
Sec. 328. Limitation on modifications to Navy Facilities Sustainment, 
          Restoration, and Modernization structure and mechanism.

                           Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 331. Reports on readiness.
Sec. 332. Matters for inclusion in quarterly reports on personnel and 
          unit readiness.
Sec. 333. Annual Comptroller General reviews of readiness of Armed 
          Forces to conduct full spectrum operations.
Sec. 334. Surface warfare training improvement.
Sec. 335. Report on optimizing surface Navy vessel inspections and crew 
          certifications.
Sec. 336. Report on depot-level maintenance and repair.
Sec. 337. Report on wildfire suppression capabilities of active and 
          reserve components.
Sec. 338. Report on relocation of steam turbine production from Nimitz-
          class and Ford-class aircraft carriers and Virginia-class and 
          Columbia-class submarines.
Sec. 339. Report on Specialized Undergraduate Pilot Training production, 
          resourcing, and locations.
Sec. 340. Report on Air Force airfield operational requirements.
Sec. 341. Report on Navy surface ship repair contract costs.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 351. Coast Guard representation on explosive safety board.
Sec. 352. Transportation to continental United States of retired 
          military working dogs outside the continental United States 
          that are suitable for adoption in the United States.
Sec. 353. Scope of authority for restoration of land due to mishap.
Sec. 354. Repurposing and reuse of surplus Army firearms.
Sec. 355. Study on phasing out open burn pits.
Sec. 356. Notification requirements relating to changes to uniform of 
          members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 357. Reporting on future years budgeting by subactivity group.
Sec. 358. Limitation on availability of funds for service-specific 
          Defense Readiness Reporting Systems.
Sec. 359. Prioritization of environmental impacts for facilities 
          sustainment, restoration, and modernization demolition.
Sec. 360. Sense of Congress relating to Soo Locks, Sault Sainte Marie, 
          Michigan.
Sec. 361. U.S. Special Operations Command Civilian Personnel.

               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
          levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for reserves on active duty in support of the 
          reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
          duty for operational support.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Repeal of requirement for ability to complete 20 years of 
          service by age 62 as qualification for original appointment as 
          a regular commissioned officer.
Sec. 502. Enhancement of availability of constructive service credit for 
          private sector training or experience upon original 
          appointment as a commissioned officer.
Sec. 503. Standardized temporary promotion authority across the military 
          departments for officers in certain grades with critical 
          skills.
Sec. 504. Authority for promotion boards to recommend officers of 
          particular merit be placed higher on a promotion list.
Sec. 505. Authority for officers to opt out of promotion board 
          consideration.
Sec. 506. Applicability to additional officer grades of authority for 
          continuation on active duty of officers in certain military 
          specialties and career tracks.
Sec. 507. Alternative promotion authority for officers in designated 
          competitive categories of officers.
Sec. 508. Attending Physician to the Congress.
Sec. 509. Matters relating to satisfactory service in grade for purposes 
          of retirement grade of officers in highest grade of 
          satisfactory service.
Sec. 510. Grades of Chiefs of Chaplains.
Sec. 511. Repeal of original appointment qualification requirement for 
          warrant officers in the regular Army.
Sec. 512. Reduction in number of years of active naval service required 
          for permanent appointment as a limited duty officer.
Sec. 513. Authority to designate certain reserve officers as not to be 
          considered for selection for promotion.
Sec. 514. GAO review of surface warfare career paths.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 515. Authorized strength and distribution in grade.
Sec. 516. Repeal of prohibition on service on Army Reserve Forces Policy 
          Committee by members on active duty.
Sec. 517. Expansion of personnel subject to authority of the Chief of 
          the National Guard Bureau in the execution of functions and 
          missions of the National Guard Bureau.
Sec. 518. Authority to adjust effective date of promotion in the event 
          of undue delay in extending Federal recognition of promotion.
Sec. 519. National Guard Youth Challenge Program.
Sec. 520. Extension of authority for pilot program on use of retired 
          senior enlisted members of the Army National Guard as Army 
          National Guard recruiters.

   Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                 Records

Sec. 521. Enlistments vital to the national interest.
Sec. 522. Statement of benefits.
Sec. 523. Modification to forms of support that may be accepted in 
          support of the mission of the Defense POW/MIA Accounting 
          Agency.
Sec. 524.  Assessment of Navy standard workweek and related adjustments.
Sec. 525. Notification on manning of afloat naval forces.
Sec. 526. Navy watchstander records.
Sec. 527. Qualification experience requirements for certain Navy 
          watchstations.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

Sec. 531. Inclusion of strangulation and suffocation in conduct 
          constituting aggravated assault for purposes of the Uniform 
          Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 532. Punitive article on domestic violence under the Uniform Code 
          of Military Justice.
Sec. 533. Authorities of Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, 
          Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 534. Report on feasibility of expanding services of the Special 
          Victims' Counsel to victims of domestic violence.
Sec. 535. Uniform command action form on disposition of unrestricted 
          sexual assault cases involving members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 536. Standardization of policies related to expedited transfer in 
          cases of sexual assault or domestic violence.

                     Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Clarification of expiration of term of appellate military 
          judges of the United States Court of Military Commission 
          Review.
Sec. 542. Security clearance reinvestigation of certain personnel who 
          commit certain offenses.
Sec. 543. Development of oversight plan for implementation of Department 
          of Defense harassment prevention and response policy.
Sec. 544. Oversight of registered sex offender management program.
Sec. 545. Development of resource guides regarding sexual assault for 
          the military service academies.
Sec. 546. Improved crime reporting.
Sec. 547. Report on victims of sexual assault in reports of military 
          criminal investigative organizations.

   Subtitle F--Member Education, Training, Resilience, and Transition

Sec. 551. Permanent career intermission program.
Sec. 552. Improvements to Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 553. Repeal of program on encouragement of postseparation public 
          and community service.
Sec. 554. Clarification of application and honorable service 
          requirements under the Troops-to-Teachers Program to members 
          of the Retired Reserve.
Sec. 555. Employment and compensation of civilian faculty members at the 
          Joint Special Operations University.
Sec. 556. Program to assist members of the Armed Forces in obtaining 
          professional credentials.
Sec. 557. Enhancement of authorities in connection with Junior Reserve 
          Officers' Training Corps programs.
Sec. 558. Expansion of period of availability of Military OneSource 
          program for retired and discharged members of the Armed Forces 
          and their immediate families.
Sec. 559. Prohibition on use of funds for attendance of enlisted 
          personnel at senior level and intermediate level officer 
          professional military education courses.

                Subtitle G--Defense Dependents' Education

Sec. 561. Assistance to schools with military dependent students.
Sec. 562. Department of Defense Education Activity policies and 
          procedures on sexual harassment of students of Activity 
          schools.
Sec. 563. Department of Defense Education Activity misconduct database.
Sec. 564. Assessment and report on active shooter threat mitigation at 
          schools located on military installations.

              Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness Matters

Sec. 571. Department of Defense Military Family Readiness Council 
          matters.
Sec. 572. Enhancement and clarification of family support services for 
          family members of members of special operations forces.
Sec. 573. Temporary expansion of authority for noncompetitive 
          appointments of military spouses by Federal agencies.
Sec. 574. Improvement of My Career Advancement Account program for 
          military spouses.
Sec. 575.  Assessment and report on the effects of permanent changes of 
          station on employment among military spouses.
Sec. 576. Provisional or interim clearances to provide childcare 
          services at military childcare centers.
Sec. 577. Multidisciplinary teams for military installations on child 
          abuse and other domestic violence.
Sec. 578. Pilot program for military families: prevention of child abuse 
          and training on safe childcare practices.
Sec. 579. Assessment and report on small business activities of military 
          spouses on military installations in the United States.

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Atomic veterans service certificate.
Sec. 582. Award of medals or other commendations to handlers of military 
          working dogs.
Sec. 583. Authorization for award of distinguished-service cross to 
          Justin T. Gallegos for acts of valor during Operation Enduring 
          Freedom.

           Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Annual defense manpower requirements report matters.
Sec. 592. Burial of unclaimed remains of inmates at the United States 
          Disciplinary Barracks Cemetery, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
Sec. 593. Standardization of frequency of academy visits of the Air 
          Force Academy Board of Visitors with academy visits of boards 
          of other military service academies.
Sec. 594. National Commission on Military, National, and Public Service 
          matters.
Sec. 595. Public availability of top-line numbers of deployed members of 
          the Armed Forces.
Sec. 596. Report on general and flag officer costs.
Sec. 597. Study on active service obligations for medical training with 
          other service obligations for education or training and health 
          professional recruiting.
Sec. 598. Criteria for interment at Arlington National Cemetery.
Sec. 599. Limitation on use of funds pending submittal of report on Army 
          Marketing and Advertising Program.
Sec. 600. Proof of period of military service for purposes of interest 
          rate limitation under the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.

           TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Repeal of authority for payment of personal money allowances 
          to Navy officers serving in certain positions.
Sec. 602. Eligibility of reserve component members for high-deployment 
          allowance for lengthy or numerous deployments and frequent 
          mobilizations.
Sec. 603. Prohibition on per diem allowance reductions based on the 
          duration of temporary duty assignment or civilian travel.
Sec. 604. Extension of parking expenses allowance to civilian employees 
          at recruiting facilities.
Sec. 605. Eligibility of reserve component members for nonreduction in 
          pay while serving in the uniformed services or National Guard.
Sec. 606. Military Housing Privatization Initiative.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
          authorities.
Sec. 612. Report on imminent danger pay and hostile fire pay.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 621. Extension of certain morale, welfare, and recreation 
          privileges to certain veterans and their caregivers.
Sec. 622. Technical corrections in calculation and publication of 
          special survivor indemnity allowance cost of living 
          adjustments.
Sec. 623. Authority to award damaged personal protective equipment to 
          members separating from the Armed Forces and veterans as 
          mementos of military service.
Sec. 624. Space-available travel on Department of Defense aircraft for 
          veterans with service-connected disabilities rated as total.
Sec. 625. Mandatory increase in insurance coverage under Servicemembers' 
          Group Life Insurance for members deployed to combat theaters 
          of operation.
Sec. 626. Access to military installations for certain surviving spouses 
          and other next of kin of members of the Armed Forces who die 
          while on active duty or certain reserve duty.
Sec. 627. Study and report on development of a single defense resale 
          system.

                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Cessation of requirement for mental health assessment of 
          members after redeployment from a contingency operation upon 
          discharge or release from the Armed Forces.
Sec. 702. Pilot program on treatment of members of the Armed Forces for 
          post-traumatic stress disorder related to military sexual 
          trauma.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Improvement of administration of the Defense Health Agency and 
          military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 712. Organizational framework of the military healthcare system to 
          support the medical requirements of the combatant commands.
Sec. 713. Administration of TRICARE dental plans through the Federal 
          Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program.
Sec. 714. Streamlining of TRICARE Prime beneficiary referral process.
Sec. 715. Sharing of information with State prescription drug monitoring 
          programs.
Sec. 716. Pilot program on opioid management in the military health 
          system.
Sec. 717. Wounded warrior policy review.
Sec. 718. Medical simulation technology and live tissue training within 
          the Department of Defense.
Sec. 719. Improvements to trauma center partnerships.
Sec. 720. Improvement to notification to Congress of hospitalization of 
          combat-wounded members of the Armed Forces.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 731. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
          Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration 
          Fund.
Sec. 732. Joint forces medical capabilities development and 
          standardization.
Sec. 733. Inclusion of gambling disorder in health assessments of 
          members of the Armed Forces and related research efforts.
Sec. 734. Report on requirement for certain former members of the Armed 
          Forces to enroll in Medicare Part B to be eligible for TRICARE 
          for Life.
Sec. 735. Pilot program on earning by special operations forces medics 
          of credit toward a physician assistant degree.
Sec. 736. Strategic medical research plan.
Sec. 737. Comptroller General of the United States review of Defense 
          Health Agency oversight of transition between managed care 
          support contractors for the TRICARE program.
Sec. 738. Comptroller General study on availability of long-term care 
          options for veterans from Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 739. Increase in number of appointed members of the Henry M. 
          Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS

Sec. 800. Effective dates; coordination of amendments.

Subtitle A--Streamlining of Defense Acquisition Statutes and Regulations

 Part I--Consolidation of Defense Acquisition Statutes in New Part V of 
               Subtitle A of Title 10, United States Code

Sec. 801. Framework for new part V of subtitle A.

Part II--Redesignation of Sections and Chapters of Subtitles B, C, and D 
              to Provide Room for New Part V of Subtitle A

Sec. 806. Redesignation of sections and chapters of subtitle D of title 
          10, United States Code--Air Force.
Sec. 807. Redesignation of sections and chapters of subtitle C of title 
          10, United States Code--Navy and Marine Corps.
Sec. 808. Redesignation of sections and chapters of subtitle B of title 
          10, United States Code--Army.
Sec. 809. Cross references to redesignated sections and chapters.

   Part III--Repeals of Certain Provisions of Defense Acquisition Law

Sec. 811. Amendment to and repeal of statutory requirements for certain 
          positions or offices in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 812. Repeal of certain defense acquisition laws.
Sec. 813. Repeal of certain Department of Defense reporting 
          requirements.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 816. Modification of limitations on single source task or delivery 
          order contracts.
Sec. 817. Preliminary cost analysis requirement for exercise of 
          multiyear contract authority.
Sec. 818. Revision of requirement to submit information on services 
          contracts to Congress.
Sec. 819. Data collection and inventory for services contracts.
Sec. 820. Report on clarification of services contracting definitions.
Sec. 821. Increase in micro-purchase threshold applicable to Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 822. Department of Defense contracting dispute matters.
Sec. 823. Inclusion of best available information regarding past 
          performance of subcontractors and joint venture partners.
Sec. 824. Subcontracting price and approved purchasing systems.
Sec. 825. Modification of criteria for waivers of requirement for 
          certified cost and price data.

  Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 831. Revisions in authority relating to program cost targets and 
          fielding targets for major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 832. Implementation of recommendations of the Independent Study on 
          Consideration of Sustainment in Weapons Systems Life Cycle.
Sec. 833. Comptroller General assessment of acquisition programs and 
          related initiatives.

           Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

Sec. 836. Revision of definition of commercial item for purposes of 
          Federal acquisition statutes.
Sec. 837. Limitation on applicability to Department of Defense 
          commercial contracts of certain provisions of law.
Sec. 838. Modifications to procurement through commercial e-commerce 
          portals.
Sec. 839. Review of Federal acquisition regulations on commercial 
          products, commercial services, and commercially available off-
          the-shelf items.

                   Subtitle E--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 841. Report on limited sourcing of specific components for Naval 
          vessels.
Sec. 842. Removal of national interest determination requirements for 
          certain entities.
Sec. 843. Pilot program to test machine-vision technologies to determine 
          the authenticity and security of microelectronic parts in 
          weapon systems.
Sec. 844. Limitation on certain procurements application process.
Sec. 845. Report on defense electronics industrial base.
Sec. 846. Support for defense manufacturing communities to support the 
          defense industrial base.
Sec. 847. Limitation on procurement of certain items for T-AO-205 
          program.

                   Subtitle F--Small Business Matters

Sec. 851. Department of Defense small business strategy.
Sec. 852. Prompt payments of small business contractors.
Sec. 853. Increased participation in the Small Business Administration 
          microloan program.
Sec. 854. Amendments to Small Business Innovation Research Program and 
          Small Business Technology Transfer Program.
Sec. 855. Construction contract administration.
Sec. 856. Comptroller General study of impact of broadband speed and 
          price on small businesses.
Sec. 857. Consolidated budget display for the Department of Defense 
          Small Business Innovation Research Program and Small Business 
          Technology Transfer Program.
Sec. 858. Funding for procurement technical assistance program.
Sec. 859. Authorization for payment of certain costs relating to 
          procurement technical assistance centers.
Sec. 860. Commercialization Assistance Pilot Program.
Sec. 861. Puerto Rico businesses.
Sec. 862. Opportunities for employee-owned business concerns through 
          Small Business Administration loan programs.

  Subtitle G--Provisions Related to Software and Technical Data Matters

Sec. 865. Validation of proprietary and technical data.
Sec. 866. Continuation of technical data rights during challenges.
Sec. 867. Requirement for negotiation of technical data price before 
          sustainment of major weapon systems.
Sec. 868. Implementation of recommendations of the final report of the 
          Defense Science Board Task Force on the Design and Acquisition 
          of Software for Defense Systems.
Sec. 869. Implementation of pilot program to use agile or iterative 
          development methods required under section 873 of the National 
          Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018.
Sec. 870. Report on requiring access to digital technical data in future 
          acquisitions of combat, combat service, and combat support 
          systems.

                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 871. Prohibition on acquisition of sensitive materials from non-
          allied foreign nations.
Sec. 872. Extension of prohibition on providing funds to the enemy.
Sec. 873. Data, policy, and reporting on the use of other transactions.
Sec. 874. Standardization of formatting and public accessibility of 
          Department of Defense reports to Congress.
Sec. 875. Promotion of the use of Government-wide and other interagency 
          contracts.
Sec. 876. Increasing competition at the task order level.
Sec. 877. Individual acquisition for commercial leasing services.
Sec. 878. Procurement administrative lead time definition and plan.
Sec. 879. Briefing on funding of product support strategies.
Sec. 880. Use of lowest price technically acceptable source selection 
          process.
Sec. 881. Permanent Supply Chain Risk Management Authority.
Sec. 882. Review of market research.
Sec. 883. Establishment of integrated review team on defense acquisition 
          industry-government exchange.
Sec. 884. Exchange program for acquisition workforce employees.
Sec. 885. Process to limit foreign access to technology.
Sec. 886. Procurement of telecommunications supplies for experimental 
          purposes.
Sec. 887. Access by developmental and operational testing activities to 
          data regarding modeling and simulation activity.
Sec. 888. Instruction on pilot program regarding employment of persons 
          with disabilities.
Sec. 889. Prohibition on certain telecommunications and video 
          surveillance services or equipment.
Sec. 890. Pilot program to accelerate contracting and pricing processes.

       TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Report on allocation of former responsibilities of the Under 
          Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
          Logistics.
Sec. 902. Modification of responsibilities of the Under Secretary of 
          Defense for Policy.
Sec. 903. Clarification of responsibilities and duties of the Chief 
          Information Officer of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 904. Technical corrections to Department of Defense Test Resource 
          Management Center authority.
Sec. 905. Specification of certain duties of the Defense Technical 
          Information Center.

 Subtitle B--Organization and Management of Other Department of Defense 
                          Offices and Elements

Sec. 911. Comprehensive review of operational and administrative chains-
          of-command and functions of the Department of the Navy.
Sec. 912. Modification of certain responsibilities of the Chairman of 
          the Joint Chiefs of Staff relating to joint force concept 
          development.
Sec. 913. Clarification of certain risk assessment requirements of the 
          Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in connection with the 
          National Military Strategy.
Sec. 914.  Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low 
          Intensity Conflict review of United States Special Operations 
          Command.
Sec. 915. Expansion of principal duties of Assistant Secretary of the 
          Navy for Research, Development, and Acquisition.
Sec. 916. Qualifications for appointment as Deputy Chief Management 
          Officer of a military department.
Sec. 917. Deadline for completion of full implementation of requirements 
          in connection with organization of the Department of Defense 
          for management of special operations forces and special 
          operations.
Sec. 918. Cross-functional teams in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 919. Limitation on transfer of the Chemical, Biological, and 
          Radiological Defense Division of the Navy.

   Subtitle C--Comprehensive Pentagon Bureaucracy Reform and Reduction

Sec. 921. Authorities and responsibilities of the Chief Management 
          Officer of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 922. Analysis of Department of Defense business management and 
          operations datasets to promote savings and efficiencies.
Sec. 923. Periodic review of the Defense Agencies and Department of 
          Defense Field Activities by the Chief Management Officer of 
          the Department of Defense.
Sec. 924. Actions to increase the efficiency and transparency of the 
          Defense Logistics Agency.
Sec. 925. Review of functions of Defense Contract Audit Agency and 
          Defense Contract Management Agency.
Sec. 926. Review and improvement of the operations of the Defense 
          Finance and Accounting Service.
Sec. 927. Assessment of chief information officer functions in 
          connection with transition to enterprise-wide management of 
          information technology and computing.
Sec. 928. Comptroller General of the United States report on cross-
          enterprise activities of the Inspectors General of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 929. General provisions.

  Subtitle D--Other Department of Defense Organization and Management 
                                 Matters

Sec. 931. Limitation on availability of funds for major headquarters 
          activities of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 932. John S. McCain Strategic Defense Fellows Program.
Sec. 933. Performance of civilian functions by military personnel.
Sec. 934. Report on implementation of requirements on estimation and 
          comparison of costs of civilian and military manpower and 
          contract support for the Department of Defense.
Sec. 935. Review of foreign currency exchange rates and analysis of 
          Foreign Currency Fluctuations, Defense appropriation.
Sec. 936. Responsibility for policy on civilian casualty matters.
Sec. 937. Additional matters in connection with background and security 
          investigations for Department of Defense personnel.
Sec. 938. Research and development to advance capabilities of the 
          Department of Defense in data integration and advanced 
          analytics in connection with personnel security.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 941. Trusted information provider program for national security 
          positions and positions of trust.
Sec. 942. Report on expedited processing of security clearances for 
          mission-critical positions.
Sec. 943. Report on clearance in person concept.

                       TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Expertise in audit remediation.
Sec. 1003. Authority to transfer funds to Director of National 
          Intelligence for CAPNET.
Sec. 1004. Audit of financial systems of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1005. Report on auditable financial statements.
Sec. 1006. Transparency of accounting firms used to support Department 
          of Defense audit.

                 Subtitle B--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1011. Inclusion of operation and sustainment costs in annual naval 
          vessel construction plans.
Sec. 1012. Purchase of vessels using funds in National Defense Sealift 
          Fund.
Sec. 1013. Purchase of vessels built in foreign shipyards with funds in 
          National Defense Sealift Fund.
Sec. 1014. Date of listing of vessels as battle force ships in the Naval 
          Vessel Register and other fleet inventory measures.
Sec. 1015. Technical corrections and clarifications to chapter 633 of 
          title 10, United States Code, and other provisions of law 
          regarding naval vessels.
Sec. 1016. Dismantlement and disposal of nuclear-powered aircraft 
          carriers.
Sec. 1017. Limitation on use of funds for retirement of hospital ships.
Sec. 1018. Inclusion of aircraft carrier refueling overhaul budget 
          request in annual budget justification materials.
Sec. 1019. Business case analysis of Ready Reserve Force 
          recapitalization options.
Sec. 1020. Transfer of excess naval vessel to Bahrain.

                      Subtitle C--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Definition of sensitive military operation.
Sec. 1032. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to close or 
          relinquish control of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
          Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1033. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
          individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States.
Sec. 1034. Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify facilities 
          in the United States to house detainees transferred from 
          United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1035. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
          individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.

          Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1041. Strategic guidance documents within the Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 1042. Notification on the provision of defense sensitive support.
Sec. 1043. Coordinating United States response to malign foreign 
          influence operations and campaigns.
Sec. 1044. Clarification of reimbursable allowed costs of FAA memoranda 
          of agreement.
Sec. 1045. Workforce issues for military realignments in the Pacific.
Sec. 1046. Mitigation of operational risks posed to certain military 
          aircraft by automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast 
          equipment.
Sec. 1047. Limitation on availability of funds for unmanned surface 
          vehicles.
Sec. 1048. Pilot program for Department of Defense controlled 
          unclassified information in the hands of industry.
Sec. 1049. Critical technologies list.
Sec. 1050. Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry.
Sec. 1051. National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence.
Sec. 1052. Authority to transfer funds for Bien Hoa dioxin cleanup.
Sec. 1053. Guidance on the electronic warfare mission area and joint 
          electromagnetic spectrum operations.

                     Subtitle E--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1061. Annual reports by the Armed Forces on Out-Year Unconstrained 
          Total Munitions Requirements and Out-Year inventory numbers.
Sec. 1062. Improvement of annual report on civilian casualties in 
          connection with United States military operations.
Sec. 1063. Report on capabilities and capacities of Armored Brigade 
          Combat Teams.
Sec. 1064. Activities and reporting relating to Department of Defense's 
          Cloud Initiative.
Sec. 1065. Limitation on use of funds for United States Special 
          Operations Command Global Messaging and Counter-Messaging 
          platform.
Sec. 1066. Comprehensive review of professionalism and ethics programs 
          for special operations forces.
Sec. 1067. Munitions assessments and future-years defense program 
          requirements.
Sec. 1068. Report on establishment of Army Futures Command.
Sec. 1069. Report on cyber-enabled information operations.
Sec. 1070. Report on unmanned aircraft in Arlington National Cemetery.
Sec. 1071. Report on an updated Arctic strategy.
Sec. 1072. Report on use and availability of military installations for 
          disaster response.
Sec. 1073. Report on Department of Defense participation in Export 
          Administration Regulations license application review process.
Sec. 1074. Military aviation readiness review in support of the National 
          Defense Strategy.
Sec. 1075. Report on highest-priority roles and missions of the 
          Department of Defense and the Armed Forces.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Principal Advisor on Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction.
Sec. 1083. Modification of authority to transfer aircraft to other 
          departments for wildfire suppression purposes.
Sec. 1084. Improvement of database on emergency response capabilities.
Sec. 1085. Disclosure requirements for United States-based foreign media 
          outlets.
Sec. 1086. United States policy with respect to freedom of navigation 
          and overflight.
Sec. 1087. National Commission on Military Aviation Safety.
Sec. 1088. Sense of Congress regarding the international borders of the 
          United States.
Sec. 1089. Policy on response to juvenile-on-juvenile problematic sexual 
          behavior committed on military installations.
Sec. 1090. Recognition of America's veterans.
Sec. 1091. Prohibition of funds for Chinese language instruction 
          provided by a Confucius Institute.
Sec. 1092. Department of Defense engagement with certain nonprofit 
          entities in support of missions of deployed United States 
          personnel around the world.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

Sec. 1101. Direct hire authority for the Department of Defense for 
          certain competitive service positions.
Sec. 1102. Modification of direct hire authority for the Department of 
          Defense for post-secondary students and recent graduates.
Sec. 1103. Extension of overtime rate authority for Department of the 
          Navy employees performing work aboard or dockside in support 
          of the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier forward deployed in 
          Japan.
Sec. 1104. One-year extension and expansion of authority to waive annual 
          limitation on premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for 
          Federal civilian employees working overseas.
Sec. 1105. Extension of authority to conduct telework travel expenses 
          test programs.
Sec. 1106. Personnel demonstration projects.
Sec. 1107. Expanded flexibility in selecting candidates from referral 
          lists.
Sec. 1108. Expedited hiring authority for college graduates and post 
          secondary students.
Sec. 1109. Inapplicability of certification of executive qualifications 
          by qualification review boards of Office of Personnel 
          Management for initial appointments to Senior Executive 
          Service positions in Department of Defense.
Sec. 1110. Engagement with Historically Black Colleges and Universities 
          and minority-serving institutions for the purposes of 
          technical workforce enhancement.
Sec. 1111. Inclusion of Strategic Capabilities Office and Defense 
          Innovation Unit Experimental of the Department of Defense in 
          personnel management authority to attract experts in science 
          and engineering.
Sec. 1112. Enhancement of flexible management authorities for science 
          and technology reinvention laboratories of the Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 1113. Inclusion of Office of Secretary of Defense among components 
          of the Department of Defense covered by direct hire authority 
          for financial management experts.
Sec. 1114. Alcohol testing of civil service mariners of the Military 
          Sealift Command assigned to vessels.
Sec. 1115. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
          allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian personnel on 
          official duty in a combat zone.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                   Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Modification of authority to build the capacity of foreign 
          security forces.
Sec. 1202. Clarification of authority for use of advisors and trainers 
          for training of personnel of foreign ministries with security 
          missions under defense institution capacity building 
          authorities.
Sec. 1203. Increase in cost limitation and additional notification 
          required for small scale construction related to security 
          cooperation.
Sec. 1204. Technical corrections relating to defense security 
          cooperation statutory reorganization.
Sec. 1205. Review and report on processes and procedures used to carry 
          out section 362 of title 10, United States Code.
Sec. 1206. Report on the use of security cooperation authorities.
Sec. 1207. Participation in and support of the Inter-American Defense 
          College.
Sec. 1208. Naval Small Craft Instruction and Technical Training School.
Sec. 1209. Expansion of Regional Defense Combating Terrorism Fellowship 
          Program to include irregular warfare.
Sec. 1210. Modification to Department of Defense State Partnership 
          Program.
Sec. 1211. Assessment, monitoring, and evaluation of security 
          cooperation.
Sec. 1212. Legal and policy review of advise, assist, and accompany 
          missions.
Sec. 1213. Extension and modification of authority to support border 
          security operations of certain foreign countries.
Sec. 1214. Framework for obtaining concurrence for participation in 
          activities of regional centers for security studies.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1221. Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
          provide defense services to the military and security forces 
          of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1222. Extension and modification of reporting requirements for 
          special immigrant visas for Afghan allies program.
Sec. 1223. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.
Sec. 1224. Extension and modification of Commanders' Emergency Response 
          Program.
Sec. 1225. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
          certain coalition nations for support provided to United 
          States military operations.

          Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1231. Extension and modification of authority to provide assistance 
          to the vetted Syrian opposition.
Sec. 1232. Syrian war crimes accountability.
Sec. 1233. Extension of authority to provide assistance to counter the 
          Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
Sec. 1234. Limitation on assistance to the Government of Iraq.
Sec. 1235. Extension and modification of authority to support operations 
          and activities of the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1236. Modification of annual report on military power of Iran.
Sec. 1237. Strategy to counter destabilizing activities of Iran.

         Subtitle D--Matters Relating to the Russian Federation

Sec. 1241. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
          of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 1242. Limitation on availability of funds relating to 
          implementation of the Open Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1243. Determination required regarding material breach of INF 
          Treaty by the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1244. Comprehensive response to the Russian Federation's material 
          breach of the INF Treaty.
Sec. 1245. Report on implementation of the New START Treaty.
Sec. 1246. Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance 
          Initiative.
Sec. 1247. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
          United States and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1248. Sense of Congress on enhancing deterrence against Russian 
          aggression in Europe.

         Subtitle E--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

Sec. 1251. Name of United States Indo-Pacific Command.
Sec. 1252. Redesignation, expansion, and extension of Southeast Asia 
          Maritime Security Initiative.
Sec. 1253. Redesignation and modification of sense of Congress and 
          initiative for the Indo-Asia-Pacific region.
Sec. 1254. Assessment of and report on geopolitical conditions in the 
          Indo-Pacific region.
Sec. 1255. Sense of Congress on extended nuclear deterrence in the Indo-
          Pacific region.
Sec. 1256. Reinstatement of reporting requirements with respect to 
          United States-Hong Kong relations.
Sec. 1257. Strengthening Taiwan's force readiness.
Sec. 1258. Sense of Congress on Taiwan.
Sec. 1259. Prohibition on participation of the People's Republic of 
          China in Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) naval exercises.
Sec. 1260. Modification of annual report on military and security 
          developments involving the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1261. United States strategy on China.
Sec. 1262. Report on military and coercive activities of the People's 
          Republic of China in South China Sea.
Sec. 1263. Requirement for critical languages and expertise in Chinese, 
          Korean, Russian, Farsi, and Arabic.
Sec. 1264. Limitation on use of funds to reduce the total number of 
          members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty who are 
          deployed to the Republic of Korea.
Sec. 1265. Reports on nuclear capabilities of the Democratic People's 
          Republic of Korea.
Sec. 1266. Modification of report required under enhancing defense and 
          security cooperation with India.

                  Subtitle F--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 1271. Modification of authorities relating to acquisition and 
          cross-servicing agreements.
Sec. 1272. United States-Israel countering unmanned aerial systems 
          cooperation.
Sec. 1273. Enhancement of U.S.-Israel defense cooperation.
Sec. 1274. Review to determine whether the Armed Forces or coalition 
          partners of the United States violated Federal law or 
          Department of Defense policy while conducting operations in 
          Yemen.
Sec. 1275. Report on United States Government security cooperation and 
          assistance programs with Mexico.
Sec. 1276. Report on Department of Defense missions, operations, and 
          activities in Niger.
Sec. 1277. Report on the security relationship between the United States 
          and the Republic of Cyprus.
Sec. 1278. Sense of Congress on detention of United States citizens by 
          the Government of the Republic of Turkey.
Sec. 1279. Technical amendments related to NATO Support and Procurement 
          Organization and related NATO agreements.
Sec. 1280. Report on permanent stationing of United States forces in the 
          Republic of Poland.
Sec. 1281. Report on strengthening NATO cyber defense.
Sec. 1282. Report on status of the United States relationship with the 
          Republic of Turkey.
Sec. 1283. Sense of the Congress concerning military-to-military 
          dialogues.
Sec. 1284. Modifications to Global Engagement Center.
Sec. 1285. Sense of Congress on countering hybrid threats and malign 
          influence.
Sec. 1286. Initiative to support protection of national security 
          academic researchers from undue influence and other security 
          threats.
Sec. 1287. Report on Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador.
Sec. 1288. Modification of freedom of navigation reporting requirements.
Sec. 1289. Coordination of efforts to negotiate free trade agreements 
          with certain sub-Saharan African countries.
Sec. 1290. Certifications regarding actions by Saudi Arabia and the 
          United Arab Emirates in Yemen.
Sec. 1291. Treatment of Rwandan Patriotic Front and Rwandan Patriotic 
          Army under Immigration and Nationality Act.
Sec. 1292. Limitation on availability of funds to implement the Arms 
          Trade Treaty.
Sec. 1293. Prohibition on provision of weapons and other forms of 
          support to certain organizations.
Sec. 1294. Modified waiver authority for certain sanctionable 
          transactions under section 231 of the Countering America's 
          Adversaries Through Sanctions Act.
Sec. 1295. Rule of construction relating to the use of force.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301.  Funding allocations.
Sec. 1302.  Specification of cooperative threat reduction funds.

                     TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                      Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical agents and munitions destruction, defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense inspector general.
Sec. 1405. Defense health program.

                Subtitle B--Armed Forces Retirement Home

Sec. 1411. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
          Home.
Sec. 1412. Expansion of eligibility for residence at the Armed Forces 
          Retirement Home.
Sec. 1413. Oversight of health care provided to residents of the Armed 
          Forces Retirement Home.
Sec. 1414. Modification of authority on acceptance of gifts for the 
          Armed Forces Retirement Home.
Sec. 1415. Relief for residents of the Armed Forces Retirement Home 
          impacted by increase in fees.
Sec. 1416. Limitation on applicability of fee increase for residents of 
          the Armed Forces Retirement Home.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1421. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
          Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs medical facility 
          demonstration fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health Care 
          Center, Illinois.
Sec. 1422. Economical and efficient operation of working capital fund 
          activities.
Sec. 1423. Consolidation of reporting requirements under the Strategic 
          and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act.
Sec. 1424. Quarterly briefing on progress of chemical demilitarization 
          program.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose.
Sec. 1502. Procurement.
Sec. 1503. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1504. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1505. Military personnel.
Sec. 1506. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1507. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1508. Defense inspector general.
Sec. 1509. Defense health program.

                      Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1511. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1512. Special transfer authority.
Sec. 1513. Overseas contingency operations.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1521. Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Organization.
Sec. 1522. Enduring costs funded through overseas contingency 
          operations.
Sec. 1523. Comptroller General report on use of funds provided by 
          overseas contingency operations.

     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. Improvements to acquisition system, personnel, and 
          organization of space forces.
Sec. 1602. Modifications to Space Rapid Capabilities Office.
Sec. 1603. Rapid, responsive, and reliable space launch.
Sec. 1604. Provision of space situational awareness services and 
          information.
Sec. 1605. Budget assessments for national security space programs.
Sec. 1606. Improvements to commercial space launch operations.
Sec. 1607. Space warfighting policy, review of space capabilities, and 
          plan on space warfighting readiness.
Sec. 1608. Use of small- and medium-size buses for strategic and 
          tactical satellite payloads.
Sec. 1609. Enhancement of positioning, navigation, and timing capacity.
Sec. 1610. Designation of component of Department of Defense responsible 
          for coordination of modernization efforts relating to 
          military-code capable GPS receiver cards.
Sec. 1611. Designation of component of Department of Defense responsible 
          for coordination of hosted payload information.
Sec. 1612. Limitation on availability of funds for Joint Space 
          Operations Center mission system.
Sec. 1613. Evaluation and enhanced security of supply chain for 
          protected satellite communications programs and overhead 
          persistent infrared systems.
Sec. 1614. Report on protected satellite communications.
Sec. 1615. Report on enhancements to the Global Positioning System 
          Operational Control Segment.
Sec. 1616. Report on persistent weather imagery for United States 
          Central Command.
Sec. 1617. Study on space-based radio frequency mapping.
Sec. 1618. Independent study on space launch locations.
Sec. 1619. Briefing on commercial satellite servicing capabilities.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1621. Role of Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence.
Sec. 1622. Security vetting for foreign nationals.
Sec. 1623. Department of Defense Counterintelligence polygraph program.
Sec. 1624. Defense intelligence business management systems.
Sec. 1625. Modification to annual briefing on the intelligence, 
          surveillance, and reconnaissance requirements of the combatant 
          commands.
Sec. 1626. Framework on governance, mission management, resourcing, and 
          effective oversight of combat support agencies that are also 
          elements of the intelligence community.

                 Subtitle C--Cyberspace-Related Matters

Sec. 1631. Reorganization and consolidation of certain cyber provisions.
Sec. 1632. Affirming the authority of the Secretary of Defense to 
          conduct military activities and operations in cyberspace.
Sec. 1633. Department of Defense Cyber Scholarship Program scholarships 
          and grants.
Sec. 1634. Amendments to pilot program regarding cyber vulnerabilities 
          of Department of Defense critical infrastructure.
Sec. 1635. Modification of acquisition authority of the Commander of the 
          United States Cyber Command.
Sec. 1636. Policy of the United States on cyberspace, cybersecurity, 
          cyber warfare, and cyber deterrence.
Sec. 1637. Budget display for cyber vulnerability evaluations and 
          mitigation activities for major weapon systems of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 1638. Determination of responsibility for the Department of Defense 
          Information Networks.
Sec. 1639. Procedures and reporting requirement on cybersecurity 
          breaches and loss of personally identifiable information and 
          controlled unclassified information.
Sec. 1640. Program to establish cyber institutes at institutions of 
          higher learning.
Sec. 1641. Matters pertaining to the SharkSeer cybersecurity program.
Sec. 1642. Active defense against the Russian Federation, People's 
          Republic of China, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, and 
          Islamic Republic of Iran attacks in cyberspace.
Sec. 1643. Designation of official for matters relating to integrating 
          cybersecurity and industrial control systems within the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 1644. Assistance for small manufacturers in the defense industrial 
          supply chain and universities on matters relating to 
          cybersecurity.
Sec. 1645. Email and Internet website security and authentication.
Sec. 1646. Security product integration framework.
Sec. 1647. Information security continuous monitoring and cybersecurity 
          scorecard.
Sec. 1648. Tier 1 exercise of support to civil authorities for a cyber 
          incident.
Sec. 1649. Pilot program on modeling and simulation in support of 
          military homeland defense operations in connection with cyber 
          attacks on critical infrastructure.
Sec. 1650. Pilot program authority to enhance cybersecurity and 
          resiliency of critical infrastructure.
Sec. 1651. Pilot program on regional cybersecurity training center for 
          the Army National Guard.
Sec. 1652. Cyberspace Solarium Commission.
Sec. 1653. Study and report on reserve component cyber civil support 
          teams.
Sec. 1654. Identification of countries of concern regarding 
          cybersecurity.
Sec. 1655. Mitigation of risks to national security posed by providers 
          of information technology products and services who have 
          obligations to foreign governments.
Sec. 1656. Report on Cybersecurity Apprentice Program.
Sec. 1657. Report on enhancement of software security for critical 
          systems.

                       Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1661. Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and 
          the Nuclear Weapons Council.
Sec. 1662. Long-range standoff weapon requirements.
Sec. 1663. Acceleration of ground-based strategic deterrent program and 
          long-range standoff weapon program.
Sec. 1664. Procurement authority for certain parts of intercontinental 
          ballistic missile fuzes.
Sec. 1665. Prohibition on reduction of the intercontinental ballistic 
          missiles of the United States.
Sec. 1666. Extension of prohibition on availability of funds for mobile 
          variant of ground-based strategic deterrent missile.
Sec. 1667. Exchange program for nuclear weapons program employees.
Sec. 1668. Plan to train officers in nuclear command, control, and 
          communications.
Sec. 1669. Independent study on options to increase Presidential 
          decision-time regarding nuclear weapons employment.
Sec. 1670. Extension of annual report on plan for the nuclear weapons 
          stockpile, nuclear weapons complex, nuclear weapons delivery 
          systems, and nuclear weapons command and control system.
Sec. 1671. Plan for alignment of acquisition of warhead life extension 
          programs and delivery vehicles for such warheads.
Sec. 1672. Annual report on development of long-range stand-off weapon.
Sec. 1673. Sense of Congress on nuclear posture of the United States.

                  Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1675. Development of persistent space-based sensor architecture.
Sec. 1676. Boost phase ballistic missile defense.
Sec. 1677. Extension of requirement for reports on unfunded priorities 
          of Missile Defense Agency.
Sec. 1678. Extension of prohibition relating to missile defense 
          information and systems.
Sec. 1679. Modification of requirement relating to transition of 
          ballistic missile defense programs to military departments.
Sec. 1680. Modification of requirement to develop a space-based 
          ballistic missile intercept layer.
Sec. 1681. Improvements to acquisition processes of Missile Defense 
          Agency.
Sec. 1682. Layered defense of the United States homeland.
Sec. 1683. Testing of redesigned kill vehicle prior to production and 
          ground-based midcourse defense acceleration options.
Sec. 1684. Requirements for ballistic missile defense capable ships.
Sec. 1685. Multiyear procurement authority for standard missile-3 IB 
          guided missiles.
Sec. 1686. Limitation on availability of funds for Army lower tier air 
          and missile defense sensor.
Sec. 1687. Missile defense radar in Hawaii.
Sec. 1688. Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
          cooperative missile defense program co-development and co-
          production.
Sec. 1689. Acceleration of hypersonic missile defense program.
Sec. 1690. Report on ballistic missile defense.
Sec. 1691. Sense of Congress on allied partnerships for missile defense.
Sec. 1692. Sense of Congress on testing by Missile Defense Agency.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1695. Extension of Commission to Assess the Threat to the United 
          States from Electromagnetic Pulse Attacks and Similar Events.
Sec. 1696. Procurement of ammonium perchlorate and other chemicals for 
          use in solid rocket motors.
Sec. 1697. Budget exhibit on support provided to entities outside 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 1698. Conventional prompt global strike hypersonic capabilities.
Sec. 1699. Report regarding industrial base for large solid rocket 
          motors.

      TITLE XVII--REVIEW OF FOREIGN INVESTMENT AND EXPORT CONTROLS

    Subtitle A--Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States

Sec. 1701. Short title: Foreign Investment Risk Review Modernization Act 
          of 2018.
Sec. 1702. Findings; sense of Congress.
Sec. 1703. Definitions.
Sec. 1704. Acceptance of written notices.
Sec. 1705. Inclusion of partnership and side agreements in notice.
Sec. 1706. Declarations for certain covered transactions.
Sec. 1707. Stipulations regarding transactions.
Sec. 1708. Authority for unilateral initiation of reviews.
Sec. 1709. Timing for reviews and investigations.
Sec. 1710. Identification of non-notified and non-declared transactions.
Sec. 1711. Submission of certifications to Congress.
Sec. 1712. Analysis by Director of National Intelligence.
Sec. 1713. Information sharing.
Sec. 1714. Action by the President.
Sec. 1715. Judicial review.
Sec. 1716. Considerations for regulations.
Sec. 1717. Membership and staff of Committee.
Sec. 1718. Actions by the Committee to address national security risks.
Sec. 1719. Modification of annual report and other reporting 
          requirements.
Sec. 1720. Certification of notices and information.
Sec. 1721. Implementation plans.
Sec. 1722. Assessment of need for additional resources for Committee.
Sec. 1723. Funding.
Sec. 1724. Centralization of certain Committee functions.
Sec. 1725. Conforming amendments.
Sec. 1726. Briefing on information from transactions reviewed by 
          Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States relating 
          to foreign efforts to influence democratic institutions and 
          processes.
Sec. 1727. Effective date.
Sec. 1728. Severability.

                    Subtitle B--Export Control Reform

Sec. 1741. Short title.
Sec. 1742. Definitions.

            Part I--Authority and Administration of Controls

Sec. 1751. Short title.
Sec. 1752. Statement of policy.
Sec. 1753. Authority of the President.
Sec. 1754. Additional authorities.
Sec. 1755. Administration of export controls.
Sec. 1756. Licensing.
Sec. 1757. Compliance assistance.
Sec. 1758. Requirements to identify and control the export of emerging 
          and foundational technologies.
Sec. 1759. Review relating to countries subject to comprehensive United 
          States arms embargo.
Sec. 1760. Penalties.
Sec. 1761. Enforcement.
Sec. 1762. Administrative procedure.
Sec. 1763. Review of interagency dispute resolution process.
Sec. 1764. Consultation with other agencies on commodity classification.
Sec. 1765. Annual report to Congress.
Sec. 1766. Repeal.
Sec. 1767. Effect on other Acts.
Sec. 1768. Transition provisions.

                    Part II--Anti-Boycott Act of 2018

Sec. 1771. Short title.
Sec. 1772. Statement of policy.
Sec. 1773. Foreign boycotts.
Sec. 1774. Enforcement.

                  Part III--Administrative Authorities

Sec. 1781. Under Secretary of Commerce for Industry and Security.

                        Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

Sec. 1791. Extension of authority.
Sec. 1792. Limitation on cancellation of designation of Secretary of the 
          Air Force as Department of Defense Executive Agent for a 
          certain Defense Production Act program.
Sec. 1793. Review of and report on certain defense technologies critical 
          to the United States maintaining superior military 
          capabilities.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
          specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.

                  TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
          projects.
Sec. 2105. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2016 
          project.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out certain phased project 
          authorized in fiscal years 2015, 2016, and 2017.
Sec. 2306. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2017 project.
Sec. 2307. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2018 project.
Sec. 2308. Additional authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2019 
          projects.
Sec. 2309. Additional authority to carry out project at Travis Air Force 
          Base, California, in fiscal year 2019.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized defense agencies construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized energy conservation projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, defense agencies.
Sec. 2404. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
          projects.
Sec. 2405. Authorization of certain fiscal year 2018 project.

                    TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

   Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                 Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

             Subtitle B--Host Country In-kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.

             TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

 Subtitle A--Project Authorizations and Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve construction 
          and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 2611. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2016 project.
Sec. 2612. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2018 project.
Sec. 2613. Additional authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2019 
          project.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
          closure activities funded through Department of Defense Base 
          Closure Account.
Sec. 2702. Additional authority to realign or close certain military 
          installations.
Sec. 2703. Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
          closure (BRAC) round.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

  Subtitle A--Military Construction Program and Military Family Housing

Sec. 2801. Modification of contract authority for acquisition, 
          construction, or furnishing of test facilities and equipment.
Sec. 2802. Commercial construction standards for facilities on leased 
          property.
Sec. 2803. Congressional oversight of projects carried out pursuant to 
          laws other than Military Construction Authorization Acts.
Sec. 2804. Small business set-aside for contracts for architectural and 
          engineering services and construction design.
Sec. 2805. Updates and modifications to Department of Defense Form 1391, 
          Unified Facilities Criteria, and military installation master 
          plans.
Sec. 2806. Work in Process Curve charts and outlay tables for military 
          construction projects.
Sec. 2807. Extension of temporary, limited authority to use operation 
          and maintenance funds for construction projects in certain 
          areas outside the United States.
Sec. 2808. Authority to obtain architectural and engineering services 
          and construction design for defense laboratory modernization 
          program.
Sec. 2809. Repeal of limitation on certain Guam project.
Sec. 2810. Enhancing force protection and safety on military 
          installations.
Sec. 2811. Limitation on use of funds for acquisition of furnished 
          energy for new medical center in Germany.

         Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2821. Force structure plans and infrastructure capabilities 
          necessary to support the force structure.
Sec. 2822. Exemption of Department of Defense off-site use and off-site 
          removal only non-mobile properties from certain excess 
          property disposal requirements.
Sec. 2823. Retrofitting existing windows in military family housing 
          units to be equipped with fall prevention devices.
Sec. 2824. Updating prohibition on use of certain assessment of public 
          schools on Department of Defense installations to supersede 
          funding of certain projects.
Sec. 2825. Study of feasibility of using 20-year intergovernmental 
          support agreements for installation-support services.
Sec. 2826. Representation of installation interests in negotiations and 
          proceedings with carriers and other public utilities.
Sec. 2827. Clarification to include National Guard installations in 
          Readiness and Environmental Protection Integration program.

                      Subtitle C--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2841. Land exchange, Air Force Plant 44, Tucson, Arizona.
Sec. 2842. Authority for transfer of administrative jurisdiction over 
          certain lands, Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center 
          Twentynine Palms, California, and Marine Corps Air Station 
          Yuma, Arizona.
Sec. 2843. Environmental restoration and future conveyance of portion of 
          former Mare Island Firing Range, Vallejo, California.
Sec. 2844. Release of restrictions, University of California, San Diego.
Sec. 2845. Land exchange, Naval support activity, Washington Navy Yard, 
          District of Columbia.
Sec. 2846. Land conveyance, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida.
Sec. 2847. Public inventory of Guam land parcels for transfer to 
          Government of Guam.
Sec. 2848. Modification of conditions on land conveyance, Joliet Army 
          Ammunition Plant, Illinois.
Sec. 2849. Land conveyance, Naval Academy dairy farm, Gambrills, 
          Maryland.
Sec. 2850. Technical correction of description of Limestone Hills 
          Training Area Land Withdrawal and Reservation, Montana.
Sec. 2851. Land conveyance, Wasatch-Cache National Forest, Rich County, 
          Utah.
Sec. 2852. Commemoration of Freedman's Village.

                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 2861. Defense community infrastructure pilot program.
Sec. 2862. Strategic plan to improve capabilities of Department of 
          Defense training ranges and installations.
Sec. 2863. Restrictions on use of funds for development of public 
          infrastructure in Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands.
Sec. 2864. Study and report on inclusion of Coleman Bridge, York River, 
          Virginia, in Strategic Highway Network.
Sec. 2865. Defense access roads relating to closures due to sea level 
          fluctuation and flooding.
Sec. 2866. Authority to transfer funds for construction of Indian River 
          Bridge.
Sec. 2867. Plan to allow increased public access to the National Naval 
          Aviation Museum and Barrancas National Cemetery, Naval Air 
          Station Pensacola.

    TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2901. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2903. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2904. Authorized defense agencies construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2905. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 2906. Restrictions on use of funds for planning and design costs of 
          European Deterrence Initiative projects.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

       TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

        Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

    Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3111. Development of low-yield nuclear weapons.
Sec. 3112. Department of Energy counterintelligence polygraph program.
Sec. 3113. Inclusion of capital assets acquisition projects in 
          activities by Director for Cost Estimating and Program 
          Evaluation.
Sec. 3114. Modification of authority for acceptance of contributions for 
          acceleration of removal or security of fissile materials, 
          radiological materials, and related equipment at vulnerable 
          sites worldwide.
Sec. 3115. Notification regarding air release of radioactive or 
          hazardous material at Hanford Nuclear Reservation.
Sec. 3116. Amendments to the Atomic Energy Act of 1954.
Sec. 3117. Extension of enhanced procurement authority to manage supply 
          chain risk.
Sec. 3118. Hanford waste tank cleanup program.
Sec. 3119. Use of funds for construction and project support activities 
          relating to MOX facility.
Sec. 3120. Plutonium pit production.
Sec. 3121. Pilot program on conduct by Department of Energy of 
          background reviews for access by certain individuals to 
          national security laboratories.
Sec. 3122. Prohibition on availability of funds for programs in Russian 
          Federation.
Sec. 3123. Prohibition on availability of funds for research and 
          development of advanced naval nuclear fuel system based on 
          low-enriched uranium.
Sec. 3124. Limitation on availability of funds relating to submission of 
          annual reports on unfunded priorities.

                      Subtitle C--Plans and Reports

Sec. 3131. Modifications to cost-benefit analyses for competition of 
          management and operating contracts.
Sec. 3132. Nuclear forensics analyses.
Sec. 3133. Review of defense environmental cleanup activities.
Sec. 3134. Whistleblower protections.
Sec. 3135. Implementation of Nuclear Posture Review by National Nuclear 
          Security Administration.
Sec. 3136. Survey of workforce of national security laboratories and 
          nuclear weapons production facilities.
Sec. 3137. Elimination of certain reports.

                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 3141. Acceleration of replacement of cesium blood irradiation 
          sources.
Sec. 3142. Sense of Congress regarding compensation of individuals 
          relating to uranium mining and nuclear testing.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.

                  TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                      TITLE XXXV--MARITIME MATTERS

                   Subtitle A--Maritime Administration

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Compliance by Ready Reserve Fleet vessels with SOLAS 
          lifeboats and fire suppression requirements.
Sec. 3503. Maritime Administration National Security Multi-Mission 
          Vessel Program.
Sec. 3504. Permanent authority of Secretary of Transportation to issue 
          vessel war risk insurance.
Sec. 3505. Use of State maritime academy training vessels.
Sec. 3506. Concurrent jurisdiction.
Sec. 3507. United States Merchant Marine Academy policy on sexual 
          harassment, dating violence, domestic violence, sexual 
          assault, and stalking.
Sec. 3508. Report on implementation of recommendations for the United 
          States Merchant Marine Academy Sexual Assault Prevention and 
          Response Program.
Sec. 3509. Report on the application of the Uniform Code of Military 
          Justice to the United States Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 3510. Electronic records on mariner availability to meet national 
          security needs.
Sec. 3511. Small shipyard grants.
Sec. 3512. Sea year on contracted vessels.
Sec. 3513. GAO report on national maritime strategy.
Sec. 3514. Multi-year contracts.
Sec. 3515. Miscellaneous.
Sec. 3516. Department of Transportation Inspector General report on 
          Title XI program.

                         Subtitle B--Coast Guard

Sec. 3521. Alignment with Department of Defense and sea services 
          authorities.
Sec. 3522. Preliminary development and demonstration.
Sec. 3523. Contract termination.
Sec. 3524. Reimbursement for travel expenses.
Sec. 3525. Capital investment plan.
Sec. 3526. Major acquisition program risk assessment.
Sec. 3527. Marine safety implementation status.
Sec. 3528. Retirement of Vice Commandant.
Sec. 3529. Large recreational vessel regulations.

       Subtitle C--Coast Guard and Shipping Technical Corrections

                         Chapter 1--Coast Guard

Sec. 3531. Commandant defined.
Sec. 3532. Training course on workings of Congress.
Sec. 3533. Miscellaneous.
Sec. 3534. Department of Defense consultation.
Sec. 3535. Repeal.
Sec. 3536. Mission need statement.
Sec. 3537. Continuation on active duty.
Sec. 3538. System acquisition authorization.
Sec. 3539. Inventory of real property.

                   Chapter 2--Maritime Transportation

Sec. 3541. Definitions.
Sec. 3542. Authority to exempt vessels.
Sec. 3543. Passenger vessels.
Sec. 3544. Tank vessels.
Sec. 3545. Grounds for denial or revocation.
Sec. 3546. Miscellaneous corrections to title 46, U.S.C.
Sec. 3547. Miscellaneous corrections to Oil Pollution Act of 1990.
Sec. 3548. Miscellaneous corrections.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.

         TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
          contingency operations.

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
          operations.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.

                     TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.

                    TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.
SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.
    In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, United 
States Code.
SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.
    The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purposes of complying 
with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by 
reference to the latest statement titled ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO 
Legislation'' for this Act, jointly submitted for printing in the 
Congressional Record by the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget 
Committees, provided that such statement has been submitted prior to 
the vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference report 
or amendment between the Houses.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS
                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. National Guard and reserve component equipment report.
Sec. 112. Deployment by the Army of an interim cruise missile defense 
          capability.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Procurement authority for Ford class aircraft carrier program.
Sec. 122. Full ship shock trial for Ford class aircraft carrier.
Sec. 123. Sense of Congress on accelerated production of aircraft 
          carriers.
Sec. 124. Multiyear procurement authority for standard missile-6.
Sec. 125. Multiyear procurement authority for E-2D aircraft.
Sec. 126. Multiyear procurement authority for F/A-18E/F aircraft and EA-
          18G aircraft.
Sec. 127. Modifications to F/A-18 aircraft to mitigate physiological 
          episodes.
Sec. 128. Frigate class ship program.
Sec. 129. Contract requirement for Virginia class submarine program.
Sec. 130. Prohibition on availability of funds for Navy port waterborne 
          security barriers.
Sec. 131. Extension of limitation on use of sole-source shipbuilding 
          contracts for certain vessels.
Sec. 132. Limitation on availability of funds for M27 Infantry Automatic 
          Rifle program.
Sec. 133. Report on degaussing standards for DDG-51 destroyers.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Inventory requirement for air refueling tanker aircraft; 
          limitation on retirement of KC-10A aircraft.
Sec. 142. Multiyear procurement authority for C-130J aircraft program.
Sec. 143. Contract for logistics support for VC-25B aircraft.
Sec. 144. Retirement date for VC-25A aircraft.
Sec. 145. Repeal of funding restriction for EC-130H Compass Call 
          Recapitalization Program.
Sec. 146. Limitation on use of funds for KC-46A aircraft pending 
          submittal of certification.
Sec. 147. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement of E-8 
          JSTARS Aircraft.
Sec. 148. Report on modernization of B-52H aircraft systems.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 151. Procurement authority for additional icebreaker vessels.
Sec. 152. Buy-to-budget acquisition of F-35 aircraft.
Sec. 153. Certification on inclusion of technology to minimize 
          physiological episodes in certain aircraft.
Sec. 154. Armored commercial passenger-carrying vehicles.
Sec. 155. Quarterly updates on the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter program.

              Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

    SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2019 
for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, the Air 
Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in the funding table 
in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

    SEC. 111. NATIONAL GUARD AND RESERVE COMPONENT EQUIPMENT REPORT.
    (a) In General.--Section 10541(b) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(10) A joint assessment by the Chief of Staff of the Army and 
    the Chief of the National Guard Bureau on the efforts of the Army 
    to achieve parity among the active component, the Army Reserve, and 
    the Army National Guard with respect to equipment and capabilities. 
    Each assessment shall include a comparison of the inventory of high 
    priority items of equipment available to each component of the Army 
    described in preceding sentence, including--
            ``(A) AH-64 Attack Helicopters;
            ``(B) UH-60 Black Hawk Utility Helicopters;
            ``(C) Abrams Main Battle Tanks;
            ``(D) Bradley Infantry Fighting Vehicles;
            ``(E) Stryker Combat Vehicles; and
            ``(F) any other items of equipment identified as high 
        priority by the Chief of Staff of the Army or the Chief of the 
        National Guard Bureau.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
apply with respect to reports required to be submitted under section 
10541 of title 10, United States Code, after the date of the enactment 
of this Act.
    SEC. 112. DEPLOYMENT BY THE ARMY OF AN INTERIM CRUISE MISSILE 
      DEFENSE CAPABILITY.
    (a) Certification Required.--Not later than 30 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall certify to 
the congressional defense committees whether there is a need for the 
Army to deploy an interim missile defense capability.
    (b) Deployment.--
        (1) In general.--If the Secretary of Defense certifies that 
    there is a need for the Army to deploy an interim missile defense 
    capability under subsection (a), the Secretary of the Army shall 
    deploy the capability as follows:
            (A) Two batteries of the capability shall be deployed by 
        not later than September 30, 2020.
            (B) Two additional batteries of the capability shall be 
        deployed by not later than September 30, 2023.
        (2) Achievement of deployment deadlines.--In order to meet the 
    deadlines for deployment specified in paragraph (1) the Secretary 
    of the Army may--
            (A) deploy systems that require the least amount of 
        development;
            (B) procure non-developmental air and missile defense 
        systems currently in production to ensure rapid delivery of 
        capability;
            (C) use existing systems, components, and capabilities 
        already in the Joint Force inventory, including rockets and 
        missiles as available;
            (D) use operational information technology for 
        communication, detection, and fire control that is certified to 
        work with existing joint information technology systems to 
        ensure interoperability;
            (E) engage and collaborate with officials, organizations, 
        and activities of the Department of Defense with 
        responsibilities relating to science and technology, 
        engineering, testing, and acquisition, including the Defense 
        Innovation United Experimental, the Director of Operational 
        Test and Evaluation, the Defense Digital Service, the Strategic 
        Capabilities Office, and the Rapid Capabilities offices, to 
        accelerate the development, testing, and deployment of existing 
        systems;
            (F) use institutional and operational basing to facilitate 
        rapid training and fielding;
            (G) consider a range of direct energy weapon systems to 
        compete for the 2023 deployment specified in paragraph (1)(B); 
        and
            (H) carry out such other activities as the Secretary 
        determines to be appropriate.
        (3) Authorities.--In carrying out paragraphs (1) and (2), 
    Secretary of the Army may use any authority of the Secretary 
    relating to acquisition, technology transfer, and personnel 
    management that the Secretary considers appropriate, including 
    rapid acquisition and rapid prototyping authorities, to resource 
    and procure an interim missile defense capability.
        (4) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Army may waive the deadlines 
    for deployment specified in paragraph (1) if the Secretary 
    determines that sufficient funds have not been appropriated to 
    enable the Secretary to meet such deadlines.
    (c) In General.--If the Secretary of the Army will deploy an 
interim missile defense capability pursuant to subsection (b), then, by 
not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary, in consultation with the 
Chief of Staff of the Army, shall provide to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing that 
includes--
        (1) recommendations identifying any interim missile defense 
    capabilities to be deployed and a proposed rapid acquisition 
    schedule for such capabilities;
        (2) a plan to rapidly resource any identified shortfalls for 
    any such capability selected for deployment; and
        (3) a schedule and timeline for the fielding and deployment of 
    any such capability.
    (d) Interim Missile Defense Capability Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``interim missile defense capability'' means a fixed-site, 
cruise missile defense capability that may be deployed before the 
Indirect Fire Protection Capability of the Army becomes fully 
operational.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

    SEC. 121. PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR FORD CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIER 
      PROGRAM.
    (a) Contract Authority.--
        (1) Procurement authorized.--The Secretary of the Navy may 
    enter into one or more contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 
    2019 program year, for the procurement of one Ford class aircraft 
    carrier to be designated CVN-81.
        (2) Procurement in conjunction with cvn-80.--The aircraft 
    carrier authorized to be procured under paragraph (1) may be 
    procured as an addition to the contract covering the Ford class 
    aircraft carrier designated CVN-80 that is authorized to be 
    constructed under section 121 of the John Warner National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 
    Stat. 2104).
    (b) Certification Required.--A contract may not be entered into 
under subsection (a) unless the Secretary of Defense certifies to the 
congressional defense committees, in writing, not later than 30 days 
before entry into the contract, each of the following, which shall be 
prepared by the milestone decision authority for the Ford class 
aircraft carrier program:
        (1) The use of such a contract will result in significant 
    savings compared to the total anticipated costs of carrying out the 
    program through annual contracts. In certifying cost savings under 
    the preceding sentence, the Secretary shall include a written 
    explanation of--
            (A) the estimated obligations and expenditures by fiscal 
        year for CVN-80 and CVN-81, by hull, without the authority 
        provided in subsection (a);
            (B) the estimated obligations and expenditures by fiscal 
        year for CVN-80 and CVN-81, by hull, with the authority 
        provided in subsection (a);
            (C) the estimated cost savings or increase by fiscal year 
        for CVN-80 and CVN-81, by hull, with the authority provided in 
        subsection (a);
            (D) the discrete actions that will accomplish such cost 
        savings or avoidance; and
            (E) the contractual actions that will ensure the estimated 
        cost savings are realized.
        (2) There is a reasonable expectation that throughout the 
    contemplated contract period the Secretary of Defense will request 
    funding for the contract at the level required to avoid contract 
    cancellation.
        (3) There is a stable design for the property to be acquired 
    and that the technical risks associated with such property are not 
    excessive.
        (4) The estimates of both the cost of the contract and the 
    anticipated cost avoidance through the use of a contract authorized 
    under subsection (a) are realistic.
        (5) The use of such a contract will promote the national 
    security of the United States.
        (6) During the fiscal year in which such contract is to be 
    awarded, sufficient funds will be available to perform the contract 
    in such fiscal year, and the future-years defense program (as 
    defined under section 221 of title 10, United States Code) for such 
    fiscal year will include the funding required to execute the 
    program without cancellation.
        (7) The contract will be a fixed price type contract.
    (c) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to a contract entered 
into under subsection (a), the Secretary of the Navy may use 
incremental funding to make payments under the contract. No such 
payments may be obligated after the date that is 11 months after the 
date on which the fitting out of the aircraft carrier associated with 
the contract is completed.
    (d) Liability.--A contract entered into under subsection (a) shall 
provide that the total liability to the Government for termination of 
the contract entered into shall be limited to the total amount of 
funding obligated at the time of termination.
    (e) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year is 
subject to the availability of appropriations for that purpose for such 
fiscal year.
    (f) Milestone Decision Authority Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``milestone decision authority'' has the meaning given that term 
in section 2366a(d) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 122. FULL SHIP SHOCK TRIAL FOR FORD CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIER.
    The Secretary of the Navy shall ensure that full ship shock trials 
results are incorporated into the construction of the Ford class 
aircraft carrier designated CVN-81.
    SEC. 123. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON ACCELERATED PRODUCTION OF AIRCRAFT 
      CARRIERS.
    It is the sense of Congress that the United States should 
accelerate the production of aircraft carriers to rapidly achieve the 
Navy's goal of having 12 operational aircraft carriers.
    SEC. 124. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR STANDARD MISSILE-6.
    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Navy may enter 
into one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 
2019 program year, for the procurement of up to 625 standard missile-6 
missiles at a rate of not more than 125 missiles per year during the 
covered period.
    (b) Authority for Advance Procurement and Economic Order 
Quantity.--The Secretary may enter into one or more contracts for 
advance procurement associated with the missiles (including economic 
order quantity) for which authorization to enter into a multiyear 
procurement contract is provided under subsection (a).
    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2019 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
or funds for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
    (d) Covered Period Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
period'' means the 5-year period beginning with the fiscal year 2019 
program year and ending with the fiscal year 2023 program year.
    SEC. 125. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR E-2D AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Navy may enter 
into one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 
2019 program year, for the procurement of up to 24 E-2D aircraft.
    (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2019 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
    SEC. 126. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR F/A-18E/F AIRCRAFT 
      AND EA-18G AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Navy may enter 
into one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 
2019 program year, for the procurement of the following:
        (1) F/A-18E/F aircraft.
        (2) EA-18G aircraft.
    (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2019 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
or funds for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
    (c) Authority for Advance Procurement and Economic Order 
Quantity.--The Secretary of the Navy may enter into one or more 
contracts, beginning in fiscal year 2019, for advance procurement 
associated with the aircraft for which authorization to enter into a 
multiyear procurement contract is provided under subsection (a), which 
may include one or more contracts for the procurement of economic order 
quantities of material and equipment for such aircraft.
    SEC. 127. MODIFICATIONS TO F/A-18 AIRCRAFT TO MITIGATE 
      PHYSIOLOGICAL EPISODES.
    (a) Modifications Required.--The Secretary of the Navy shall modify 
the F/A-18 aircraft to reduce the occurrence of, and mitigate the risk 
posed by, physiological episodes affecting crewmembers of the aircraft. 
The modifications shall include, at minimum--
        (1) replacement of the F/A-18 cockpit altimeter;
        (2) upgrade of the F/A-18 onboard oxygen generation system;
        (3) redesign of the F/A-18 aircraft life support systems 
    required to meet onboard oxygen generation system input 
    specifications; and
        (4) installation of equipment associated with improved F/A-18 
    physiological monitoring and alert systems.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than February 1, 2019, and annually 
thereafter through February 1, 2021, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a written update on the 
status of all modifications to the F/A-18 aircraft carried out by the 
Secretary pursuant to subsection (a).
    (c) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Navy may waive the requirement to 
make a modification under subsection (a) if the Secretary certifies to 
the congressional defense committees that the specific modification is 
inadvisable and provides a detailed justification for excluding the 
modification from the Navy's planned upgrades for the F/A-18 aircraft.
    SEC. 128. FRIGATE CLASS SHIP PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--As part of the solicitation for proposals for the 
procurement of any frigate class ship in any of fiscal years 2019, 
2020, or 2021, the Secretary of the Navy shall require that offerors 
submit proposals under which the offeror agrees to convey technical 
data to the Federal Government in the event the offeror is awarded the 
frigate construction contract associated with the proposal.
    (b) Technical Data Defined.--In this section, the term ``technical 
data'' means a compilation of detailed engineering plans and 
specifications for the construction of a frigate class ship.
    SEC. 129. CONTRACT REQUIREMENT FOR VIRGINIA CLASS SUBMARINE 
      PROGRAM.
    Section 124 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (d) through (f) as subsections 
    (e) through (g), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (c), the following:
    ``(d) Contract Requirement.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy shall ensure that 
    a contract entered into under subsection (a) includes an option to 
    procure a Virginia class submarine in each of fiscal years 2022 and 
    2023.
        ``(2) Option defined.--In this subsection, the term `option' 
    has the meaning given that term in part 2.101 of the Federal 
    Acquisition Regulation.''.
    SEC. 130. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR NAVY PORT 
      WATERBORNE SECURITY BARRIERS.
    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided in subsections (b) and (c), 
none of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 
2019 may be obligated or expended to procure legacy waterborne security 
barriers for Navy ports.
    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Navy may waive the prohibition in 
subsection (a) not less than 30 days after submitting to the 
congressional defense committees--
        (1) a Navy requirements document that specifies key performance 
    parameters and key system attributes for new waterborne security 
    barriers for Navy ports;
        (2) a certification that the level of capability specified 
    under paragraph (1) will meet or exceed that of legacy waterborne 
    security barriers for Navy ports;
        (3) the acquisition strategy for the recapitalization of legacy 
    waterborne security barriers for Navy ports, which shall meet or 
    exceed the requirements specified under paragraph (1); and
        (4) a certification that any contract for new waterborne 
    security barriers for a Navy port will be awarded in accordance 
    with the requirements for full and open competition set forth in 
    section 2304 of title 10, United States Code.
    (c) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply 
to any of the following activities:
        (1) The sustainment, refurbishment, and replacement of portions 
    of existing waterborne security barriers at Navy ports due to 
    normal wear and tear.
        (2) The procurement of new waterborne security barriers for 
    Navy ports due to exigent circumstances.
    SEC. 131. EXTENSION OF LIMITATION ON USE OF SOLE-SOURCE 
      SHIPBUILDING CONTRACTS FOR CERTAIN VESSELS.
    Section 124 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), as amended by section 127 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 
115-91), is further amended by striking ``or fiscal year 2018'' and 
inserting ``, fiscal year 2018, or fiscal year 2019''.
    SEC. 132. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR M27 INFANTRY 
      AUTOMATIC RIFLE PROGRAM.
    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2019 for the M27 
Infantry Automatic Rifle program of the Marine Corps, not more than 80 
percent may be obligated or expended until the date on which the 
Commandant of the Marine Corps submits to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives the assessment 
described in subsection (b).
    (b) Assessment.--The assessment described in this subsection is a 
written summary of the views of the Marine Corps with respect to the 
Small Arms Ammunition Configuration Study of the Army, including--
        (1) an explanation of how the study informs the future small 
    arms modernization requirements of the Marine Corps; and
        (2) near-term and long-term modernization strategies for the 
    small arms weapon systems of the Marine Corps, including associated 
    funding and schedule profiles.
    SEC. 133. REPORT ON DEGAUSSING STANDARDS FOR DDG-51 DESTROYERS.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the 
Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on degaussing standards for the DDG-51 destroyer.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
        (1) a detailed description of the current degaussing standards 
    for the DDG-51 destroyer;
        (2) a plan for incorporating such standards into the destroyer 
    construction program; and
        (3) an assessment of the requirement to backfit such standards 
    to in-service destroyers.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

    SEC. 141. INVENTORY REQUIREMENT FOR AIR REFUELING TANKER AIRCRAFT; 
      LIMITATION ON RETIREMENT OF KC-10A AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Inventory Requirement.--Section 8062 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(j)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), effective October 1, 
2019, the Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain a total aircraft 
inventory of air refueling tanker aircraft of not less than 479 
aircraft.
    ``(2) The Secretary of the Air Force may reduce the number of air 
refueling tanker aircraft in the total aircraft inventory of the Air 
Force below 479 only if--
        ``(A) the Secretary certifies to the congressional defense 
    committees that such reduction is justified by the results of the 
    mobility capability and requirements study conducted under section 
    144(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
    2018 (Public Law 115-91); and
        ``(B) a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on 
    which the certification is made to the congressional defense 
    committees under subparagraph (A).
    ``(3) In this subsection:
        ``(A) The term `air refueling tanker aircraft' means an 
    aircraft that has as its primary mission the refueling of other 
    aircraft.
        ``(B) The term `total aircraft inventory' means aircraft 
    authorized to a flying unit for operations or training.''.
    (b) Limitation on Retirement of KC-10A.--
        (1) In general.--None of the funds authorized to be 
    appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for any fiscal 
    year for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to retire, or 
    to prepare to retire, any KC-10A aircraft until the date that is 30 
    days after the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force 
    certifies to the congressional defense committees that Secretary 
    has met the minimum inventory requirement under section 8062(j) of 
    title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a) of this 
    section.
        (2) Exception for certain aircraft.--The requirement of 
    paragraph (1) does not apply to individual KC-10A aircraft that the 
    Secretary of the Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to 
    be non-operational because of mishaps, other damage, or being 
    uneconomical to repair.
    SEC. 142. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR C-130J AIRCRAFT 
      PROGRAM.
    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Air Force may 
enter into one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with the fiscal 
year 2019 program year, for the procurement of--
        (1) C-130J aircraft for the Air Force; and
        (2) C-130J aircraft for the Navy and the Marine Corps pursuant 
    to the agreement described in subsection (b).
    (b) Agreement Described.--The agreement described in this 
subsection is the agreement between the Secretary of the Navy and the 
Secretary of the Air Force under which the Secretary of the Air Force 
acts as the executive agent for the Department of the Navy for purposes 
of procuring C-130J aircraft for such Department.
    (c) Authority for Advance Procurement and Economic Order 
Quantity.--The Secretary of the Air Force may enter into one or more 
contracts for advance procurement associated with the C-130J aircraft, 
including economic order quantity, for which authorization to enter 
into a multiyear procurement contract is provided under subsection (a).
    (d) Condition for Out-Year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2019 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
    (e) Treatment of Fiscal Year 2018 Aircraft.--The multiyear contract 
authority under subsection (a) includes C-130J aircraft for which funds 
were appropriated for fiscal year 2018.
    SEC. 143. CONTRACT FOR LOGISTICS SUPPORT FOR VC-25B AIRCRAFT.
    The Secretary of the Air Force shall--
        (1) ensure that the total period of any contract awarded for 
    logistics support for the VC-25B aircraft does not exceed five 
    years, as required under part 17.204(e) of the Federal Acquisition 
    Regulation, unless otherwise approved in accordance with 
    established procedures; and
        (2) comply with section 2304 of title 10, United States Code, 
    regarding full and open competition through the use of competitive 
    procedures for the award of any logistics support contract 
    following the initial five-year contract period.
    SEC. 144. RETIREMENT DATE FOR VC-25A AIRCRAFT.
    (a) In General.--For purposes of the application of section 2244a 
of title 10, United States Code, the retirement date of the covered 
aircraft is deemed to be not later than December 31, 2025.
    (b) Covered Aircraft Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
aircraft'' means the two VC-25A aircraft of the Air Force that are in 
service as of the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 145. REPEAL OF FUNDING RESTRICTION FOR EC-130H COMPASS CALL 
      RECAPITALIZATION PROGRAM.
    Section 131 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2037) is repealed.
    SEC. 146. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR KC-46A AIRCRAFT PENDING 
      SUBMITTAL OF CERTIFICATION.
    (a) Certification Required.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees certification that, as 
of the date of the certification--
        (1) the supplemental type certification and the military type 
    certification for the KC-46A aircraft have been approved; and
        (2) the Air Force has accepted the delivery of the first KC-46A 
    aircraft.
    (b) Limitation on Use of Funds.--
        (1) Limitation.--Notwithstanding any other provision of this 
    Act, none of the funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise 
    made available by this Act for fiscal year 2019 for Aircraft 
    Procurement, Air Force, may be obligated or expended to procure the 
    covered aircraft until the Secretary of the Air Force submits the 
    certification required under subsection (a).
        (2) Covered aircraft defined.--In this subsection, the term 
    ``covered aircraft'' means three of the KC-46A aircraft authorized 
    to be procured by this Act.
    SEC. 147. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF E-8 
      JSTARS AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Limitation on Availability of Funds for Retirement.--Except as 
provided in subsection (b), none of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
2019 or any subsequent fiscal year for the Air Force may be obligated 
or expended to retire, or prepare to retire, any E-8 Joint Surveillance 
Target Attack Radar System aircraft until the date on which the 
Secretary of the Defense certifies to the congressional defense 
committees that Increment 2 of the Advanced Battle-Management System of 
the Air Force has declared initial operational capability as defined in 
the Capability Development Document for the System.
    (b) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not apply to 
individual E-8C Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System aircraft 
that the Secretary of the Air Force determines, on a case-by-case 
basis, to be no longer mission capable because of mishaps, other 
damage, or being uneconomical to repair.
    (c) Certification Required.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the 
Secretary of Defense, on a nondelegable basis, shall certify to the 
congressional defense committees that--
        (1) the Secretary of the Air Force is taking all reasonable 
    steps to ensure the legacy E-8C Joint Surveillance Target Radar 
    System aircraft that the Air Force continues to operate meet all 
    safety requirements;
        (2) the Secretary of the Air Force has developed and 
    implemented a funding strategy to increase the operational and 
    maintenance availability of the legacy E-8C Joint Surveillance 
    Target Radar System aircraft that the Air Force continues to 
    operate;
        (3) the Advanced Battle-Management System Increment 1, 2, and 3 
    acquisition and fielding strategy is executable and that sufficient 
    funds will be available to achieve all elements of the System as 
    described in the Capability Development Document for the System; 
    and
        (4) in coordination with each separate geographic combatant 
    commander, that the Secretary of the Air Force is implementing 
    defined and measurable actions to meet the operational planning and 
    steady-state force presentation requirements for Ground-Moving 
    Target Indicator intelligence and Battle-Management, Command and 
    Control towards a moderate level of risk until Increment 2 of the 
    Advanced Battle-Management System declares initial operational 
    capability.
    (d) GAO Report and Briefing.--
        (1) Report required.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the 
    Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a report on Increment I, Increment 
    2, and Increment 3 of the 21st Century Advanced Battle Management 
    System of Systems capability of the Air Force. The report shall 
    include a review of--
            (A) the technologies that compose the capability and the 
        level of maturation of such technologies;
            (B) the resources budgeted for the capability;
            (C) the fielding plan for the capability;
            (D) any risk assessments associated with the capability; 
        and
            (E) the overall acquisition strategy for the capability.
        (2) Interim briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the 
    Comptroller General of the United States shall provide to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and 
    the Senate a briefing on the topics to be covered by the report 
    under paragraph (1), including any preliminary data and any issues 
    or concerns of the Comptroller General relating to the report.
    (e) Air Force Report.--Not later than February 5, 2019, the 
Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the legacy fleet of E-8C Joint Surveillance 
Target Attack Radar System aircraft that includes--
        (1) the modernization and sustainment strategy, and associated 
    costs, for the airframe and mission systems that will be used to 
    maintain the legacy fleet of such aircraft until the planned 
    retirement of the aircraft; and
        (2) a plan that will provide combatant commanders with an 
    increased level of E-8C force support.
    (f) E-8C Force Presentation Requirement.--
        (1) In general.--Beginning not later than October 1, 2020, and 
    until the retirement of the E-8C aircraft fleet, the Secretary of 
    the Air Force shall provide not fewer than 6 dedicated E-8C 
    aircraft each fiscal year for allocation to the geographical 
    combatant commanders through the Intelligence, Surveillance, and 
    Reconnaissance Global Force Management Allocation Process.
        (2) Exception.--If the Secretary of the Air Force is unable to 
    meet the requirements of paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense, 
    on a nondelegable basis, may waive the requirements for a fiscal 
    year and shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
    notice of waiver issuance and justification.
    (g) Air Force Briefing Requirement.--Beginning not later than 
October 1, 2018, and on a quarterly basis thereafter, the Secretary of 
the Air Force shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
program update briefing on the Advanced Battle-Management System of the 
Air Force, and all associated technologies.
    SEC. 148. REPORT ON MODERNIZATION OF B-52H AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report on the long term 
modernization of the B-52H aircraft.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
        (1) an estimated timeline for the modernization of the B-52H 
    aircraft; and
        (2) modernization requirements with respect to the integrated 
    systems of the aircraft, including--
            (A) electronic warfare and defensive systems;
            (B) communications, including secure jam resistant 
        capability;
            (C) radar replacement;
            (D) engine replacement;
            (E) future weapons and targeting capability; and
            (F) mission planning systems.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

    SEC. 151. PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR ADDITIONAL ICEBREAKER VESSELS.
    (a) Procurement Authority.--
        (1) In general.--In addition to the icebreaker vessel 
    authorized to be procured under section 122(a) of the National 
    Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91), 
    the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is 
    operating may enter into one or more contracts for the procurement 
    of up to five additional polar-class icebreaker vessels.
        (2) Condition for out-year contract payments.--A contract 
    entered into under paragraph (1) shall provide that any obligation 
    of the United States to make a payment under the contract for a 
    fiscal year after fiscal year 2019 is subject to the availability 
    of appropriations or funds for that purpose for such later fiscal 
    year.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the Coast 
Guard should maintain an inventory of not fewer than six polar-class 
icebreaker vessels beginning not later than fiscal year 2029 and, to 
achieve such inventory, should--
        (1) award a contract for the first new polar-class icebreaker 
    not later than fiscal year 2019;
        (2) deliver the first new polar-class icebreaker not later than 
    fiscal year 2023;
        (3) start construction on the second through sixth new polar-
    class icebreakers at a rate of one vessel per year in fiscal years 
    2022 through 2026; and
        (4) accept delivery of the second through sixth new polar-class 
    icebreakers at a rate of one vessel per year in fiscal years 2025 
    through 2029.
    SEC. 152. BUY-TO-BUDGET ACQUISITION OF F-35 AIRCRAFT.
    Subject to section 2308 of title 10, United States Code, using 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act for the procurement of 
F-35 aircraft, the Secretary of Defense may procure a quantity of F-35 
aircraft in excess of the quantity authorized by this Act if such 
additional procurement does not require additional funds to be 
authorized to be appropriated because of production efficiencies or 
other cost reductions.
    SEC. 153. CERTIFICATION ON INCLUSION OF TECHNOLOGY TO MINIMIZE 
      PHYSIOLOGICAL EPISODES IN CERTAIN AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Certification Required.--Not later than 15 days before entering 
into a contract for the procurement of a covered aircraft, the 
Secretary concerned shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a written statement certifying that the aircraft to be 
procured under the contract will include the most recent technological 
advancements necessary to minimize the impact of physiological episodes 
on aircraft crewmembers.
    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary concerned may waive the requirement of 
subsection (a) if the Secretary--
        (1) determines the waiver is required in the interest of 
    national security; and
        (2) not later than 15 days before entering into a contract for 
    the procurement of a covered aircraft, notifies the congressional 
    defense committees of the rationale for the waiver.
    (c) Termination.--The requirement to submit a certification under 
subsection (a) shall terminate on September 30, 2021.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``covered aircraft'' means a fighter aircraft, an 
    attack aircraft, or a fixed wing trainer aircraft.
        (2) The term ``Secretary concerned'' means--
            (A) the Secretary of the Navy, with respect to covered 
        aircraft of Navy; and
            (B) the Secretary of the Air Force, with respect to covered 
        aircraft of the Air Force.
    SEC. 154. ARMORED COMMERCIAL PASSENGER-CARRYING VEHICLES.
    (a) Implementation of GAO Recommendations.--In accordance with the 
recommendations of the Government Accountability Office in the report 
titled ``Armored Commercial Vehicles: DOD Has Procurement Guidance, but 
Army Could Take Actions to Enhance Inspections and Oversight'' (GAO-17-
513), not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Army shall--
        (1) ensure that in-progress inspections are conducted at the 
    armoring vendor's facility for each procurement of an armored 
    commercial passenger-carrying vehicles until the date on which the 
    Secretary of Defense approves and implements an updated armoring 
    and inspection standard for such vehicles; and
        (2) designate a central point of contact for collecting and 
    reporting information on armored commercial passenger-carrying 
    vehicles (such as information on contracts execution and vehicle 
    inspections).
    (b) Briefing Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to 
the congressional defense committees a briefing on the progress of the 
Secretary in implementing Department of Defense Instruction O-2000.16 
Volume 1, dated November 2016, with respect to armored commercial 
passenger-carrying vehicles, including--
        (1) whether criteria for the procurement of such vehicles have 
    been established and distributed to the relevant components of the 
    Department; and
        (2) whether a process is in place for ensuring that the 
    relevant components of the Department incorporate those criteria 
    into contracts for such vehicles.
    SEC. 155. QUARTERLY UPDATES ON THE F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER 
      PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Beginning not later than October 1, 2018, and on a 
quarterly basis thereafter through October 1, 2022, the Under Secretary 
of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall provide to the 
congressional defense committees a briefing on the progress of the F-35 
Joint Strike Fighter program.
    (b) Elements.--Each briefing under subsection (a) shall include, 
with respect to the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter program, the following 
elements:
        (1) An overview of the program schedule.
        (2) A description of each contract awarded under the program, 
    including a description of the type of contract and the status of 
    the contract.
        (3) An assessment of the status of the program with respect 
    to--
            (A) modernization;
            (B) modification;
            (C) testing;
            (D) delivery;
            (E) sustainment;
            (F) program management; and
            (G) efforts to ensure that excessive sustainment costs do 
        not threaten the ability of the Department of Defense to 
        purchase the required number of aircraft.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Modification of authority to carry out certain prototype 
          projects.
Sec. 212. Extension of directed energy prototype authority.
Sec. 213. Prohibition on availability of funds for the Weather Common 
          Component program.
Sec. 214. Limitation on availability of funds for F-35 continuous 
          capability development and delivery.
Sec. 215. Limitation on availability of funds pending report on agile 
          software development and software operations.
Sec. 216. Limitation on availability of funds for certain high energy 
          laser advanced technology.
Sec. 217. Plan for the Strategic Capabilities Office of the Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 218. National Defense Science and Technology Strategy.
Sec. 219. Modification of CVN-73 to support fielding of MQ-25 unmanned 
          aerial vehicle.
Sec. 220. Establishment of innovators information repository in the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 221. Strategic plan for Department of Defense test and evaluation 
          resources.
Sec. 222. Collaboration between Defense laboratories, industry, and 
          academia; open campus program.
Sec. 223. Permanent extension and codification of authority to conduct 
          technology protection features activities during research and 
          development of defense systems.
Sec. 224. Codification and reauthorization of Defense Research and 
          Development Rapid Innovation Program.
Sec. 225. Procedures for rapid reaction to emerging technology.
Sec. 226. Activities on identification and development of enhanced 
          personal protective equipment against blast injury.
Sec. 227. Human factors modeling and simulation activities.
Sec. 228. Expansion of mission areas supported by mechanisms for 
          expedited access to technical talent and expertise at academic 
          institutions.
Sec. 229. Advanced manufacturing activities.
Sec. 230. National security innovation activities.
Sec. 231. Partnership intermediaries for promotion of defense research 
          and education.
Sec. 232. Limitation on use of funds for Surface Navy Laser Weapon 
          System.
Sec. 233. Expansion of coordination requirement for support for national 
          security innovation and entrepreneurial education.
Sec. 234. Defense quantum information science and technology research 
          and development program.
Sec. 235. Joint directed energy test activities.
Sec. 236. Requirement for establishment of arrangements for expedited 
          access to technical talent and expertise at academic 
          institutions to support Department of Defense missions.
Sec. 237. Authority for Joint Directed Energy Transition Office to 
          conduct research relating to high powered microwave 
          capabilities.
Sec. 238. Joint artificial intelligence research, development, and 
          transition activities.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 241. Report on survivability of air defense artillery.
Sec. 242. T-45 aircraft physiological episode mitigation actions.
Sec. 243. Report on efforts of the Air Force to mitigate physiological 
          episodes affecting aircraft crewmembers.
Sec. 244. Report on Defense Innovation Unit Experimental.
Sec. 245. Modification of funding criteria under Historically Black 
          Colleges and Universities and minority institutions program.
Sec. 246. Report on OA-X light attack aircraft applicability to partner 
          nation support.
Sec. 247. Reports on comparative capabilities of adversaries in key 
          technology areas.
Sec. 248. Report on active protection systems for armored combat and 
          tactical vehicles.
Sec. 249. Next Generation Combat Vehicle.
Sec. 250. Modification of reports on mechanisms to provide funds to 
          defense laboratories for research and development of 
          technologies for military missions.
Sec. 251. Briefings on Mobile Protected Firepower and Future Vertical 
          Lift programs.
Sec. 252. Improvement of the Air Force supply chain.
Sec. 253. Review of guidance on blast exposure during training.
Sec. 254. Competitive acquisition strategy for Bradley Fighting Vehicle 
          transmission replacement.
Sec. 255. Independent assessment of electronic warfare plans and 
          programs.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2019 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 
4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

    SEC. 211. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO CARRY OUT CERTAIN PROTOTYPE 
      PROJECTS.
    Section 2371b of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), in the matter before clause (i), 
        by striking ``(for a prototype project)'' and inserting ``for a 
        prototype project, and any follow-on production contract or 
        transaction that is awarded pursuant to subsection (f),'';
            (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                (i) in the matter before clause (i), by striking ``(for 
            a prototype project)'' and inserting ``for a prototype 
            project, and any follow-on production contract or 
            transaction that is awarded pursuant to subsection (f),''; 
            and
                (ii) in clause (i), in the matter before subclause (I), 
            by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
            Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary 
            of Defense for Research and Engineering or the Under 
            Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment'';
            (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
        inserting ``Under Secretaries of Defense'';
        (2) in subsection (b)(2), by inserting ``the prototype'' after 
    ``carry out''; and
        (3) in subsection (f)--
            (A) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (5); and
            (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraphs:
    ``(3) A follow-on production contract or transaction may be 
awarded, pursuant to this subsection, when the Department determines 
that an individual prototype or prototype subproject as part of a 
consortium is successfully completed by the participants.
    ``(4) Award of a follow-on production contract or transaction 
pursuant to the terms under this subsection is not contingent upon the 
successful completion of all activities within a consortium as a 
condition for an award for follow-on production of a successfully 
completed prototype or prototype subproject within that consortium.''.
    SEC. 212. EXTENSION OF DIRECTED ENERGY PROTOTYPE AUTHORITY.
    Section 219(c)(4) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2431 note) is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``Except as provided in 
    subparagraph (B)'' and inserting ``Except as provided in 
    subparagraph (C)'';
        (2) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph (C);
        (3) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following:
        ``(B) Except as provided in subparagraph (C) and subject to the 
    availability of appropriations for such purpose, of the funds 
    authorized to be appropriated by the National Defense Authorization 
    Act for Fiscal Year 2019 or otherwise made available for fiscal 
    year 2019 for research, development, test, and evaluation, defense-
    wide, up to $100,000,000 may be available to the Under Secretary to 
    allocate to the military departments, the defense agencies, and the 
    combatant commands to carry out the program established under 
    paragraph (1).''; and
        (4) in subparagraph (C), as so redesignated, by striking ``made 
    available under subparagraph (A)'' and inserting ``made available 
    under subparagraph (A) or subparagraph (B)''.
    SEC. 213. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR THE WEATHER 
      COMMON COMPONENT PROGRAM.
    (a) Prohibition.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2019 for 
research, development, test, and evaluation, Air Force, for weather 
service (PE 0305111F, Project 672738) for product development, test and 
evaluation, and management services associated with the Weather Common 
Component program may be obligated or expended.
    (b) Report Required.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to 
    the congressional defense committees a report on technologies and 
    capabilities that--
            (A) provide real-time or near real-time meteorological 
        situational awareness data through the use of sensors installed 
        on manned and unmanned aircraft; and
            (B) were developed primarily using funds of the Department 
        of Defense.
        (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include--
            (A) a description of all technologies and capabilities 
        described in paragraph (1) that exist as of the date on which 
        the report is submitted;
            (B) a description of any testing activities that have been 
        completed for such technologies and capabilities, and the 
        results of those testing activities;
            (C) the total amount of funds used by the Department of 
        Defense for the development of such technologies and 
        capabilities;
            (D) a list of capability gaps or shortfalls in any major 
        commands of the Air Force relating to the gathering, 
        processing, exploitation, and dissemination of real-time or 
        near real-time meteorological situational awareness data for 
        unmanned systems;
            (E) an explanation of how such gaps or shortfalls may be 
        remedied to supplement the weather forecasting capabilities of 
        the Air Force and to enhance the efficiency or effectiveness of 
        combat air power; and
            (F) a plan for fielding existing technologies and 
        capabilities to mitigate such gaps or shortfalls.
    SEC. 214. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR F-35 CONTINUOUS 
      CAPABILITY DEVELOPMENT AND DELIVERY.
    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), of the funds 
authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available 
for fiscal year 2019 for the F-35 continuous capability development and 
delivery program, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended 
until a period of 15 days has elapsed following the date on which the 
Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional defense committees a 
detailed cost estimate and baseline schedule for the program, which 
shall include any information required for a major defense acquisition 
program under section 2435 of title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) does not apply to 
any funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available for 
the development of the F-35 dual capable aircraft capability.
    SEC. 215. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS PENDING REPORT ON 
      AGILE SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT AND SOFTWARE OPERATIONS.
    (a) Limitation.--Of the of funds described in subsection (d), not 
more than 80 percent may be obligated or expended until a period of 30 
days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of the Air 
Force submits the report required under subsection (b).
    (b) Report.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force, in consultation with the 
Director of Defense Pricing/Defense Procurement and Acquisition Policy 
and the Director of the Defense Digital Service, shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report that includes a description 
of each of the following:
        (1) How cost estimates in support of modernization and upgrade 
    activities for Air and Space Operations Centers are being conducted 
    and using what methods.
        (2) The contracting strategy and types of contracts being used 
    to execute Agile Software Development and Software Operations 
    (referred to in this section as ``Agile DevOps'') activities.
        (3) How intellectual property ownership issues associated with 
    software applications developed with Agile DevOps processes will be 
    addressed to ensure future sustainment, maintenance, and upgrades 
    to software applications after the applications are fielded.
        (4) A description of the tools and software applications that 
    have been developed for the Air and Space Operations Centers and 
    the costs and cost categories associated with each.
        (5) Challenges the Air Force has faced in executing acquisition 
    activities modernizing the Air and Space Operations Centers and how 
    the Air Force plans to address the challenges identified.
        (6) The Secretary's strategy for ensuring that software 
    applications developed for Air Operations Centers are transportable 
    and translatable among all the Centers to avoid any duplication of 
    efforts.
    (c) Review.--Before submitting the report under subsection (b), the 
Secretary of the Air Force shall ensure that the report is reviewed and 
approved by the Director of Defense Pricing/Defense Procurement and 
Acquisition Policy.
    (d) Funds Described.--The funds described in this subsection are 
the following:
        (1) Funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
    otherwise made available for fiscal year 2019 for research, 
    development, test, and evaluation, Air Force, for Air and Space 
    Operations Centers (PE 0207410F, Project 674596).
        (2) Funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
    otherwise made available for fiscal year 2019 for other 
    procurement, Air Force, for Air and Space Operations Centers.
    SEC. 216. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR CERTAIN HIGH 
      ENERGY LASER ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY.
    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2019 for the Department 
of Defense for High Energy Laser Advanced Technology (PE 0603924D8Z), 
not more than 50 percent may be obligated or expended until the date on 
which the Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional defense 
committees a roadmap and detailed assessment of the high energy laser 
programs of the Department of Defense, which shall include plans for 
coordination across the Department and transition to programs of 
record.
    (b) Rule of Construction.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall 
not be construed to apply to any other high energy laser program of the 
Department of Defense other than the program element specified in such 
subsection.
    SEC. 217. PLAN FOR THE STRATEGIC CAPABILITIES OFFICE OF THE 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Plan Required.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering, shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
plan--
        (1) to eliminate the Strategic Capabilities Office of the 
    Department of Defense by not later than October 1, 2020;
        (2) to transfer the functions of the Strategic Capabilities 
    Office to another organization or element of the Department by not 
    later than October 1, 2020; or
        (3) to retain the Strategic Capabilities Office.
    (b) Elements.--The plan required under subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) A timeline for the potential elimination, transfer, or 
    retention of some or all of the activities, functions, programs, 
    plans, and resources of the Strategic Capabilities Office.
        (2) A strategy for mitigating risk to the programs of the 
    Strategic Capabilities Office.
        (3) A strategy for implementing the lessons learned and best 
    practices of the Strategic Capabilities Office across the 
    organizations and elements of the Department of Defense to promote 
    enterprise-wide innovation.
        (4) An assessment of the transition outcomes, research 
    portfolio, and mission accomplishment in the key functions of the 
    Strategic Capabilities Office described in subsection (c).
        (5) An assessment of the relationship of the Strategic 
    Capabilities Office with--
            (A) the acquisition and rapid capabilities programs of the 
        military departments;
            (B) Department laboratories;
            (C) the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; and
            (D) other research and development activities.
        (6) Assessment of management and bureaucratic challenges to the 
    effective and efficient execution of the Strategic Capabilities 
    Office missions, especially with respect to contracting and 
    personnel management.
    (c) Key Functions Described.--The key functions described in this 
subsection are the following:
        (1) Repurposing existing Government and commercial systems for 
    new technological advantage.
        (2) Developing novel concepts of operation that are lower cost, 
    more effective, and more responsive to changing threats than 
    traditional concepts of operation.
        (3) Developing joint systems and concepts of operations to meet 
    emerging threats and military requirements based on partnerships 
    with the military departments and combatant commanders.
        (4) Developing prototypes and new concepts of operations that 
    can inform the development of requirements and the establishment of 
    acquisition programs.
    (d) Form of Plan.--The plan required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    SEC. 218. NATIONAL DEFENSE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY.
    (a) Annual Strategy.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than February 4, 2019, the Secretary 
    of Defense shall develop a strategy--
            (A) to articulate the science and technology priorities, 
        goals, and investments of the Department of Defense; and
            (B) to make recommendations on the future of the defense 
        research and engineering enterprise and its continued success 
        in an era of strategic competition.
        (2) Elements.--The strategy required by paragraph (1) shall--
            (A) be aligned with the National Defense Strategy and 
        Governmentwide strategic science and technology priorities, 
        including the defense budget priorities of the Office of 
        Science and Technology Policy of the President;
            (B) link the priorities, goals, and outcomes in paragraph 
        (1)(A) with needed critical enablers to specific programs, or 
        broader portfolios, including--
                (i) personnel and workforce capabilities;
                (ii) facilities for research and test infrastructure;
                (iii) relationships with academia, the acquisition 
            community, the operational community, and the commercial 
            sector; and
                (iv) funding, investments, personnel, facilities, and 
            relationships with departments, agencies, or other Federal 
            entities outside the Department of Defense without which 
            defense capabilities would be severely degraded;
            (C) evaluate the coordination of acquisition priorities, 
        programs, and timelines of the Department with the activities 
        of the defense research and engineering enterprise; and
            (D) include recommendations for changes in authorities, 
        regulations, policies, or any other relevant areas, that would 
        support the achievement of the goals set forth in the strategy.
        (3) Annual updates.--Not less frequently than once each year, 
    the Secretary shall revise and update the strategy required by 
    paragraph (1).
        (4) Annual reports.--(A) Not later than February 4, 2019, and 
    not less frequently than once each year thereafter through December 
    31, 2021, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees the strategy required by paragraph (1), as may be 
    revised and updated in accordance with paragraph (3).
        (B) The reports submitted pursuant to subparagraph (A) shall be 
    submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
        (5) Briefing.--Not later than 14 days after the date on which 
    the strategy under paragraph (1) is completed, the Secretary shall 
    provide to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
    Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives a 
    briefing on the implementation of the strategy.
        (6) Designation.--The strategy developed under paragraph (1) 
    shall be known as the ``National Defense Science and Technology 
    Strategy''.
    (b) Assessment and Recommendations.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than February 4, 2019, the Secretary 
    shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report with 
    an assessment and recommendations on the future of major elements 
    of the defense research and engineering enterprise, evaluating 
    warfighting contributions, portfolio management and coordination, 
    workforce management including special hiring authorities, 
    facilities and test infrastructure, relationships with private 
    sector and interagency partners, and governance, including a 
    comparison with the enterprises of other countries and the private 
    sector.
        (2) Major elements of the defense research and engineering 
    enterprise.--The major elements of the defense research and 
    engineering enterprise referred to in paragraph (1) include the 
    following:
            (A) The science and technology elements of the military 
        departments.
            (B) The Department of Defense laboratories.
            (C) The test ranges and facilities of the Department.
            (D) The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
            (E) The Defense Innovation Unit Experimental (DIU(x)).
            (F) The Strategic Capabilities Office of the Department.
            (G) The Small Business Innovation Research program of the 
        Department.
            (H) The Small Business Technology Transfer program of the 
        Department.
            (I) Such other elements, offices, programs, and activities 
        of the Department as the Secretary considers appropriate for 
        purposes of the this section.
        (3) Consultation and comments.--In making recommendations under 
    paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consult with and seek comments 
    from groups and entities relevant to the recommendations, such as 
    the military departments, the combatant commands, the federally 
    funded research and development centers (FFRDCs), commercial 
    partners of the Department (including small business concerns), or 
    any advisory committee established by the Department that the 
    Secretary determines is appropriate based on the duties of the 
    advisory committee and the expertise of its members.
        (4) Form of submission.--The report submitted pursuant to 
    paragraph (1) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may 
    include a classified annex.
    SEC. 219. MODIFICATION OF CVN-73 TO SUPPORT FIELDING OF MQ-25 
      UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE.
    The Secretary of the Navy shall--
        (1) modify the compartments and infrastructure of the aircraft 
    carrier designated CVN-73 to support the fielding of the MQ-25 
    unmanned aerial vehicle before the date on which the refueling and 
    complex overhaul of the aircraft carrier is completed; and
        (2) ensure such modification is sufficient to complete the full 
    installation of MQ-25 in no more than a single maintenance period 
    after such overhaul.
    SEC. 220. ESTABLISHMENT OF INNOVATORS INFORMATION REPOSITORY IN THE 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, acting through 
the Defense Technical Information Center, establish an innovators 
information repository within the Department of Defense in accordance 
with this section.
    (b) Maintenance of Information Repository.--The Under Secretary of 
Defense for Research and Engineering shall maintain the information 
repository and ensure that it is periodically updated.
    (c) Elements of Information Repository.--The information repository 
established under subsection (a) shall--
        (1) be coordinated across the Department of Defense enterprise 
    to focus on small business innovators that are small, independent 
    United States businesses, including those participating in the 
    Small Business Innovation Research program or the Small Business 
    Technology Transfer program;
        (2) include appropriate information about each participant, 
    including a description of--
            (A) the need or requirement applicable to the participant;
            (B) the participant's technology with appropriate technical 
        detail and appropriate protections of proprietary information 
        or data;
            (C) any prior business of the participant with the 
        Department; and
            (D) whether the participant's technology was incorporated 
        into a program of record; and
        (3) incorporate the appropriate classification due to 
    compilation of information.
    (d) Use of Information Repository.--After the information 
repository is established under subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
encourage use of the information repository by Department organizations 
involved in technology development and protection, including program 
offices, before initiating a Request for Information or a Request for 
Proposal to determine whether an organic technology exists or is being 
developed currently by a an entity supported by the Department (which 
may include a company, academic consortium, or other entity).
    SEC. 221. STRATEGIC PLAN FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TEST AND 
      EVALUATION RESOURCES.
    Section 196(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows: ``(1) Not 
    less often than once every two fiscal years, the Under Secretary of 
    Defense for Research and Engineering, in coordination with the 
    Director of the Department of Defense Test Resources Management 
    Center, the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, the 
    Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency, the Secretaries of the 
    military departments, and the heads of Defense Agencies with test 
    and evaluation responsibilities, shall complete a strategic plan 
    reflecting the future needs of the Department of Defense with 
    respect to test and evaluation facilities and resources. Each 
    strategic plan shall cover the period of thirty fiscal years 
    beginning with the fiscal year in which the plan is submitted under 
    paragraph (3). The strategic plan shall be based on a comprehensive 
    review of both funded and unfunded test and evaluation requirements 
    of the Department, future threats to national security, and the 
    adequacy of the test and evaluation facilities and resources of the 
    Department to meet those future requirements and threats.''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2)(C), by striking ``needed to meet such 
    requirements'' and inserting ``needed to meet current and future 
    requirements based on current and emerging threats''.
    SEC. 222. COLLABORATION BETWEEN DEFENSE LABORATORIES, INDUSTRY, AND 
      ACADEMIA; OPEN CAMPUS PROGRAM.
    (a) Collaboration.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out 
activities to prioritize innovative collaboration between Department of 
Defense science and technology reinvention laboratories, industry, and 
academia.
    (b) Open Campus Program.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
Secretary, acting through the Commander of the Air Force Research 
Laboratory, the Commander of the Army Research, Development and 
Engineering Command, and the Chief of Naval Research, or such other 
officials of the Department as the Secretary considers appropriate, may 
develop and implement an open campus program for the Department science 
and technology reinvention laboratories which shall be modeled after 
the open campus program of the Army Research Laboratory.
    SEC. 223. PERMANENT EXTENSION AND CODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO 
      CONDUCT TECHNOLOGY PROTECTION FEATURES ACTIVITIES DURING RESEARCH 
      AND DEVELOPMENT OF DEFENSE SYSTEMS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting before section 2358 the following new section:
``Sec. 2357. Technology protection features activities
    ``(a) Activities.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
activities to develop and incorporate technology protection features in 
a designated system during the research and development phase of such 
system.
    ``(b) Cost-sharing.--Any contract for the design or development of 
a system resulting from activities under subsection (a) for the purpose 
of enhancing or enabling the exportability of the system, either for 
the development of program protection strategies for the system or the 
design and incorporation of exportability features into the system, 
shall include a cost-sharing provision that requires the contractor to 
bear half of the cost of such activities, or such other portion of such 
cost as the Secretary considers appropriate upon showing of good cause.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `designated system' means any system (including 
    a major system, as defined in section 2302(5) of title 10, United 
    States Code) that the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
    and Sustainment designates for purposes of this section.
        ``(2) The term `technology protection features' means the 
    technical modifications necessary to protect critical program 
    information, including anti-tamper technologies and other systems 
    engineering activities intended to prevent or delay exploitation of 
    critical technologies in a designated system.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 139 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
before the item relating to section 2358 the following new item:

``2357. Technology protection features activities.''.

    (c) Conforming Repeal.--Section 243 of the Ike Skelton National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
repealed.
    SEC. 224. CODIFICATION AND REAUTHORIZATION OF DEFENSE RESEARCH AND 
      DEVELOPMENT RAPID INNOVATION PROGRAM.
    (a) Codification.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by inserting after section 2359 the following new 
    section:
``Sec. 2359a. Defense Research and Development Rapid Innovation Program
    ``(a) Program Established.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
establish a competitive, merit-based program to accelerate the fielding 
of technologies developed pursuant to phase II Small Business 
Innovation Research Program projects, technologies developed by the 
defense laboratories, and other innovative technologies (including dual 
use technologies).
    ``(2) The purpose of this program is to stimulate innovative 
technologies and reduce acquisition or lifecycle costs, address 
technical risks, improve the timeliness and thoroughness of test and 
evaluation outcomes, and rapidly insert such products directly in 
support of primarily major defense acquisition programs, but also other 
defense acquisition programs that meet critical national security 
needs.
    ``(b) Guidelines.--The Secretary shall issue guidelines for the 
operation of the program. At a minimum such guidance shall provide for 
the following:
        ``(1) The issuance of one or more broad agency announcements or 
    the use of any other competitive or merit-based processes by the 
    Department of Defense for candidate proposals in support of defense 
    acquisition programs as described in subsection (a).
        ``(2) The review of candidate proposals by the Department of 
    Defense and by each military department and the merit-based 
    selection of the most promising cost-effective proposals for 
    funding through contracts, cooperative agreements, and other 
    transactions for the purposes of carrying out the program.
        ``(3) The total amount of funding provided to any project under 
    the program from funding provided under subsection (d) shall not 
    exceed $3,000,000, unless the Secretary, or the Secretary's 
    designee, approves a larger amount of funding for the project.
        ``(4) No project shall receive more than a total of two years 
    of funding under the program from funding provided under subsection 
    (d), unless the Secretary, or the Secretary's designee, approves 
    funding for any additional year.
        ``(5) Mechanisms to facilitate transition of follow-on or 
    current projects carried out under the program into defense 
    acquisition programs, through the use of the authorities of section 
    2302e of this title or such other authorities as may be appropriate 
    to conduct further testing, low rate production, or full rate 
    production of technologies developed under the program.
        ``(6) Projects are selected using merit-based selection 
    procedures and the selection of projects is not subject to undue 
    influence by Congress or other Federal agencies.
    ``(c) Treatment Pursuant to Certain Congressional Rules.--Nothing 
in this section shall be interpreted to require or enable any official 
of the Department of Defense to provide funding under this section to 
any earmark as defined pursuant to House Rule XXI, clause 9, or any 
congressionally directed spending item as defined pursuant to Senate 
Rule XLIV, paragraph 5.
    ``(d) Funding.--Subject to the availability of appropriations for 
such purpose, the amounts authorized to be appropriated for research, 
development, test, and evaluation for a fiscal year may be used for 
such fiscal year for the program established under subsection (a).
    ``(e) Transfer Authority.--(1) The Secretary may transfer funds 
available for the program to the research, development, test, and 
evaluation accounts of a military department, defense agency, or the 
unified combatant command for special operations forces pursuant to a 
proposal, or any part of a proposal, that the Secretary determines 
would directly support the purposes of the program.
    ``(2) The transfer authority provided in this subsection is in 
addition to any other transfer authority available to the Department of 
Defense.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 139 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
    relating to section 2359 the following new item:

``2359a. Defense Research and Development Rapid Innovation Program.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Repeal of old provision.--Section 1073 of the Ike Skelton 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 
    111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note) is hereby repealed.
        (2) Repeal of old table of contents item.--The table of 
    contents in section 2(b) of such Act is amended by striking the 
    item relating to section 1073.
    SEC. 225. PROCEDURES FOR RAPID REACTION TO EMERGING TECHNOLOGY.
    (a) Requirement to Establish Procedures.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Research and Engineering shall prescribe procedures for the 
designation and development of technologies that are--
        (1) urgently needed--
            (A) to react to a technological development of an adversary 
        of the United States; or
            (B) to respond to a significant and urgent emerging 
        technology; and
        (2) not receiving appropriate research funding or attention 
    from the Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements.--The procedures prescribed under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
        (1) A process for streamlined communications between the Under 
    Secretary, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the commanders of the 
    combatant commands, the science and technology executives within 
    each military department, and the science and technology community, 
    including--
            (A) a process for the commanders of the combatant commands 
        and the Joint Chiefs of Staff to communicate their needs to the 
        science and technology community; and
            (B) a process for the science and technology community to 
        propose technologies that meet the needs communicated by the 
        combatant commands and the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
        (2) Procedures for the development of technologies proposed 
    pursuant to paragraph (1)(B), including--
            (A) a process for demonstrating performance of the proposed 
        technologies on a short timeline;
            (B) a process for developing a development strategy for a 
        technology, including integration into future budget years; and
            (C) a process for making investment determinations based on 
        information obtained pursuant to subparagraphs (A) and (B).
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall provide to the 
congressional defense committees a briefing on the procedures required 
by subsection (a).
    SEC. 226. ACTIVITIES ON IDENTIFICATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF ENHANCED 
      PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT AGAINST BLAST INJURY.
    (a) Activities Required.--During calendar year 2019, the Secretary 
of the Army shall, in consultation with the Director of Operational 
Test and Evaluation, carry out a set of activities to identify and 
develop personal equipment to provide enhanced protection against 
injuries caused by blasts in combat and training.
    (b) Activities.--
        (1) Continuous evaluation process.--For purposes of the 
    activities required by subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
    establish a process to continuously solicit from government, 
    industry, academia, and other appropriate entities personal 
    protective equipment that is ready for testing and evaluation in 
    order to identify and evaluate equipment or clothing that is more 
    effective in protecting members of the Armed Forces from the 
    harmful effects of blast injuries, including traumatic brain 
    injuries, and would be suitable for expedited procurement and 
    fielding.
        (2) Goals.--The goals of the activities shall include:
            (A) Development of streamlined requirements for procurement 
        of personal protective equipment.
            (B) Appropriate testing of personal protective equipment 
        prior to procurement and fielding.
            (C) Development of expedited mechanisms for deployment of 
        effective personal protective equipment.
            (D) Identification of areas of research in which increased 
        investment has the potential to improve the quality of personal 
        protective equipment and the capability of the industrial base 
        to produce such equipment.
            (E) Such other goals as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
        (3) Partnerships for certain assessments.--As part of the 
    activities, the Secretary should continue to establish partnerships 
    with appropriate academic institutions for purposes of assessing 
    the following:
            (A) The ability of various forms of personal protective 
        equipment to protect against common blast injuries, including 
        traumatic brain injuries.
            (B) The value of real-time data analytics to track the 
        effectiveness of various forms of personal protective equipment 
        to protect against common blast injuries, including traumatic 
        brain injuries.
            (C) The availability of commercial-off the-shelf personal 
        protective technology to protect against traumatic brain injury 
        resulting from blasts.
            (D) The extent to which the equipment determined through 
        the assessment to be most effective to protect against common 
        blast injuries is readily modifiable for different body types 
        and to provide lightweight material options to enhance 
        maneuverability.
    (c) Authorities.--In carrying out activities under subsection (a), 
the Secretary may use any authority as follows:
        (1) Experimental procurement authority under section 2373 of 
    title 10, United States Code.
        (2) Other transactions authority under section 2371 and 2371b 
    of title 10, United States Code.
        (3) Authority to award technology prizes under section 2374a of 
    title 10, United States Code.
        (4) Authority under the Defense Acquisition Challenge Program 
    under section 2359b of title 10, United States Code.
        (5) Any other authority on acquisition, technology transfer, 
    and personnel management that the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (d) Certain Treatment of Activities.--Any activities under this 
section shall be deemed to have been through the use of competitive 
procedures for the purposes of section 2304 of title 10, United States 
Code.
    (e) On-going Assessment Following Activities.--After the completion 
of activities under subsection (a), the Secretary shall, on an on-going 
basis, do the following:
        (1) Evaluate the extent to which personal protective equipment 
    identified through the activities would--
            (A) enhance survivability of personnel from blasts in 
        combat and training; and
            (B) enhance prevention of brain damage, and reduction of 
        any resultant chronic brain dysfunction, from blasts in combat 
        and training.
        (2) In the case of personal protective equipment so identified 
    that would provide enhancements as described in paragraph (1), 
    estimate the costs that would be incurred to procure such enhanced 
    personal protective equipment, and develop a schedule for the 
    procurement of such equipment.
        (3) Estimate the potential health care cost savings that would 
    occur from expanded use of personal protective equipment described 
    in paragraph (2).
    (f) Report.--Not later than December 1, 2019, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives a report on 
the activities under subsection (a) as of the date of the report.
    (g) Funding.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2019 by this Act for research, development, test, and 
evaluation, as specified in the funding tables in division D, 
$10,000,000 may be used to carry out this section.
    SEC. 227. HUMAN FACTORS MODELING AND SIMULATION ACTIVITIES.
    (a) Activities Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop 
and provide for the carrying out of human factors modeling and 
simulation activities designed to do the following:
        (1) Provide warfighters and civilians with personalized 
    assessment, education, and training tools.
        (2) Identify and implement effective ways to interface and team 
    warfighters with machines.
        (3) Result in the use of intelligent, adaptive augmentation to 
    enhance decision making.
        (4) Result in the development of techniques, technologies, and 
    practices to mitigate critical stressors that impede warfighter and 
    civilian protection, sustainment, and performance.
    (b) Purpose.--The overall purpose of the activities shall be to 
accelerate research and development that enhances capabilities for 
human performance, human-systems integration, and training for the 
warfighter.
    (c) Participants in Activities.--Participants in the activities may 
include the following:
        (1) Elements of the Department of Defense engaged in science 
    and technology activities.
        (2) Program Executive Offices of the Department.
        (3) Academia.
        (4) The private sector.
        (5) Such other participants as the Secretary considers 
    appropriate.
    SEC. 228. EXPANSION OF MISSION AREAS SUPPORTED BY MECHANISMS FOR 
      EXPEDITED ACCESS TO TECHNICAL TALENT AND EXPERTISE AT ACADEMIC 
      INSTITUTIONS.
    Section 217(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (23) as paragraph (27); and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (22) the following new 
    paragraphs:
        ``(23) Space.
        ``(24) Infrastructure resilience.
        ``(25) Photonics.
        ``(26) Autonomy.''.
    SEC. 229. ADVANCED MANUFACTURING ACTIVITIES.
    (a) Designation.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
and Sustainment and the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering shall jointly, in coordination with Secretaries of the 
military departments, establish at least one activity per military 
service to demonstrate advanced manufacturing techniques and 
capabilities at depot-level activities or military arsenal facilities 
of the military departments.
    (b) Purposes.--The activities established pursuant to subsection 
(a) shall--
        (1) support efforts to implement advanced manufacturing 
    techniques and capabilities;
        (2) identify improvements to sustainment methods for component 
    parts and other logistics needs;
        (3) identify and implement appropriate information security 
    protections to ensure security of advanced manufacturing;
        (4) aid in the procurement of advanced manufacturing equipment 
    and support services;
        (5) enhance partnerships between the defense industrial base 
    and Department of Defense laboratories, academic institutions, and 
    industry; and
        (6) to the degree practicable, include an educational or 
    training component to build an advanced manufacturing workforce.
    (c) Cooperative Agreements and Partnerships.--
        (1) In general.--The Under Secretaries may enter into a 
    cooperative agreement and use public-private and public-public 
    partnerships to facilitate development of advanced manufacturing 
    techniques in support of the defense industrial base.
        (2) Requirements.--A cooperative agreement entered into under 
    paragraph (1) and a partnership used under such paragraph shall 
    facilitate--
            (A) development and implementation of advanced 
        manufacturing techniques and capabilities;
            (B) appropriate sharing of information in the adaptation of 
        advanced manufacturing, including technical data rights;
            (C) implementation of appropriate information security 
        protections into advanced manufacturing tools and techniques; 
        and
            (D) support of necessary workforce development.
    (d) Authorities.--In carrying out this section, the Under 
Secretaries may use the following authorities:
        (1) Section 2196 of title 10, United States Code, relating to 
    the Manufacturing Engineering Education Program.
        (2) Section 2368 of such title, relating to centers for 
    science, technology, and engineering partnership.
        (3) Section 2374a of such title, relating to prizes for 
    advanced technology achievements.
        (4) Section 2474 of such title, relating to centers of 
    industrial and technical excellence.
        (5) Section 2521 of such title, relating to the Manufacturing 
    Technology Program.
        (6) Section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation 
    Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) and section 6305 of title 31, United 
    States Code, relating to cooperative research and development 
    agreements.
        (7) Such other authorities as the Under Secretaries considers 
    appropriate.
    SEC. 230. NATIONAL SECURITY INNOVATION ACTIVITIES.
    (a) Establishment.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering shall establish activities to develop interaction between 
the Department of Defense and the commercial technology industry and 
academia with regard to emerging hardware products and technologies 
with national security applications.
    (b) Elements.--The activities required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
        (1) Informing and encouraging private investment in specific 
    hardware technologies of interest to future defense technology 
    needs with unique national security applications.
        (2) Funding research and technology development in hardware-
    intensive capabilities that private industry has not sufficiently 
    supported to meet rapidly emerging defense and national security 
    needs.
        (3) Contributing to the development of policies, policy 
    implementation, and actions to deter strategic acquisition of 
    industrial and technical capabilities in the private sector by 
    foreign entities that could potentially exclude companies from 
    participating in the Department of Defense technology and 
    industrial base.
        (4) Identifying promising emerging technology in industry and 
    academia for the Department of Defense for potential support or 
    research and development cooperation.
    (c) Transfer of Personnel and Resources.--
        (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Under Secretary 
    may transfer such personnel, resources, and authorities that are 
    under the control of the Under Secretary as the Under Secretary 
    considers appropriate to carry out the activities established under 
    subsection (a) from other elements of the Department under the 
    control of the Under Secretary or upon approval of the Secretary of 
    Defense.
        (2) Certification.--The Under Secretary may only make a 
    transfer of personnel, resources, or authorities under paragraph 
    (1) upon certification by the Under Secretary that the activities 
    established under paragraph (a) can attract sufficient private 
    sector investment, has personnel with sufficient technical and 
    management expertise, and has identified relevant technologies and 
    systems for potential investment in order to carry out the 
    activities established under subsection (a), independent of further 
    government funding beyond this authorization.
    (d) Establishment of Nonprofit Entity.--The Under Secretary may 
establish or fund a nonprofit entity to carry out the program 
activities under subsection (a).
    (e) Plan.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a detailed plan to carry out this 
    section.
        (2) Elements.--The plan required by paragraph (1) shall include 
    the following:
            (A) A description of the additional authorities needed to 
        carry out the activities set forth in subsection (b).
            (B) Plans for transfers under subsection (c), including 
        plans for private fund-matching and investment mechanisms, 
        oversight, treatment of rights relating to technical data 
        developed, and relevant dates and goals of such transfers.
            (C) Plans for attracting the participation of the 
        commercial technology industry and academia and how those plans 
        fit into the current Department of Defense research and 
        engineering enterprise.
    (f) Authorities.--In carrying out this section, the Under Secretary 
may use the following authorities:
        (1) Section 1711 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91), relating to a pilot program 
    on strengthening manufacturing in the defense industrial base.
        (2) Section 1599g of title 10 of the United States Code, 
    relating to public-private talent exchanges.
        (3) Section 2368 of such title, relating to Centers for 
    Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnerships.
        (4) Section 2374a of such title, relating to prizes for 
    advanced technology achievements.
        (5) Section 2474 of such title, relating to Centers of 
    Industrial and Technical Excellence.
        (6) Section 2521 of such title, relating to the Manufacturing 
    Technology Program.
        (7) Subchapter VI of chapter 33 of title 5, United States Code, 
    relating to assignments to and from States.
        (8) Chapter 47 of such title, relating to personnel research 
    programs and demonstration projects.
        (9) Section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation 
    Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) and section 6305 of title 31, United 
    States Code, relating to cooperative research and development 
    agreements.
        (10) Such other authorities as the Under Secretary considers 
    appropriate.
    (g) Notice Required.--Not later than 15 days before the date on 
which the Under Secretary first exercises the authority granted under 
subsection (d) and not later than 15 days before the date on which the 
Under Secretary first obligates or expends any amount authorized under 
subsection (h), the Under Secretary shall notify the congressional 
defense committees of such exercise, obligation, or expenditure, as the 
case may be.
    (h) Funding.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2019 for the Department of Defense by section 201 and 
subject to the availability of appropriations, up to $75,000,000 may be 
available to carry out this section.
    SEC. 231. PARTNERSHIP INTERMEDIARIES FOR PROMOTION OF DEFENSE 
      RESEARCH AND EDUCATION.
    Section 2368 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections (g) 
    and (h), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
    subsection (f):
    ``(f) Use of Partnership Intermediaries to Promote Defense Research 
and Education.--(1) Subject to the approval of the Secretary or the 
head of the another department or agency of the Federal Government 
concerned, the Director of a Center may enter into a contract, 
memorandum of understanding or other transition with a partnership 
intermediary that provides for the partnership intermediary to perform 
services for the Department of Defense that increase the likelihood of 
success in the conduct of cooperative or joint activities of the Center 
with industry or academic institutions.
    ``(2) In this subsection, the term `partnership intermediary' means 
an agency of a State or local government, or a nonprofit entity owned 
in whole or in part by, chartered by, funded in whole or in part by, or 
operated in whole or in part by or on behalf of a State or local 
government, that assists, counsels, advises, evaluates, or otherwise 
cooperates with industry or academic institutions that need or can make 
demonstrably productive use of technology-related assistance from a 
Center.''.
    SEC. 232. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR SURFACE NAVY LASER WEAPON 
      SYSTEM.
    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated or 
otherwise made available by this Act may be used to exceed, in fiscal 
year 2019, a procurement quantity of one Surface Navy Laser Weapon 
System, also known as the High Energy Laser and Integrated Optical-
dazzler with Surveillance (HELIOS), unless the Secretary of the Navy 
submits to the congressional defense committees a report on such system 
with the elements set forth in subsection (b).
    (b) Elements.--The elements set forth in this subsection are, with 
respect to the system described in subsection (a), the following:
        (1) A document setting forth the requirements for the system, 
    including desired performance characteristics.
        (2) An acquisition plan that includes the following:
            (A) A program schedule to accomplish design completion, 
        technology maturation, risk reduction, and other activities, 
        including dates of key design reviews (such as Preliminary 
        Design Review and Critical Design Review) and program 
        initiation decision (such as Milestone B) if applicable.
            (B) A contracting strategy, including requests for 
        proposals, the extent to which contracts will be competitively 
        awarded, option years, option quantities, option prices, and 
        ceiling prices.
            (C) The fiscal years of procurement and delivery for each 
        engineering development model, prototype, or similar unit 
        planned to be acquired.
            (D) A justification for the fiscal years of procurement and 
        delivery for each engineering development model, prototype, or 
        similar unit planned to be acquired.
        (3) A test plan and schedule sufficient to achieve operational 
    effectiveness and operational suitability determinations (such as 
    Early Operational Capability and Initial Operational Capability) 
    related to the requirements set forth in paragraph (1).
        (4) Associated funding and item quantities, disaggregated by 
    fiscal year and appropriation, requested in the Fiscal Year 2019 
    Future Years Defense Program.
        (5) An estimate of the acquisition costs, including the total 
    costs for procurement, research, development, test, and evaluation.
    SEC. 233. EXPANSION OF COORDINATION REQUIREMENT FOR SUPPORT FOR 
      NATIONAL SECURITY INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURIAL EDUCATION.
    Section 225(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note) is amended by adding 
at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(16) The National Security Technology Accelerator.
        ``(17) The I-Corps Program.''.
    SEC. 234. DEFENSE QUANTUM INFORMATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
      RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.
    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
quantum information science and technology research and development 
program.
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of the program required by subsection 
(a) are as follows:
        (1) To ensure global superiority of the United States in 
    quantum information science necessary for meeting national security 
    requirements.
        (2) To coordinate all quantum information science and 
    technology research and development within the Department of 
    Defense and to provide for interagency cooperation and 
    collaboration on quantum information science and technology 
    research and development between the Department of Defense and 
    other departments and agencies of the United States and appropriate 
    private sector entities that are involved in quantum information 
    science and technology research and development.
        (3) To develop and manage a portfolio of fundamental and 
    applied quantum information science and technology and engineering 
    research initiatives that is stable, consistent, and balanced 
    across scientific disciplines.
        (4) To accelerate the transition and deployment of technologies 
    and concepts derived from quantum information science and 
    technology research and development into the Armed Forces, and to 
    establish policies, procedures, and standards for measuring the 
    success of such efforts.
        (5) To collect, synthesize, and disseminate critical 
    information on quantum information science and technology research 
    and development.
        (6) To establish and support appropriate research, innovation, 
    and industrial base, including facilities and infrastructure, to 
    support the needs of Department of Defense missions and systems 
    related to quantum information science and technology.
    (c) Administration.--In carrying out the program required by 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall act through the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Research and Engineering, who shall supervise the planning, 
management, and coordination of the program. The Under Secretary, in 
consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments and the 
heads of participating Defense Agencies and other departments and 
agencies of the United States, shall--
        (1) prescribe a set of long-term challenges and a set of 
    specific technical goals for the program, including--
            (A) optimization of analysis of national security data 
        sets;
            (B) development of defense related quantum computing 
        algorithms;
            (C) design of new materials and molecular functions;
            (D) secure communications and cryptography, including 
        development of quantum communications protocols;
            (E) quantum sensing and metrology;
            (F) development of mathematics relating to quantum 
        enhancements to sensing, communications, and computing; and
            (G) processing and manufacturing of low-cost, robust, and 
        reliable quantum information science and technology-enabled 
        devices and systems;
        (2) develop a coordinated and integrated research and 
    investment plan for meeting the near-, mid-, and long-term 
    challenges with definitive milestones while achieving the specific 
    technical goals that builds upon the Department's increased 
    investment in quantum information science and technology research 
    and development, commercial sector and global investments, and 
    other United States Government investments in the quantum sciences;
        (3) not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
    this Act, develop and continuously update guidance, including 
    classification and data management plans for defense-related 
    quantum information science and technology activities, and policies 
    for control of personnel participating on such activities to 
    minimize the effects of loss of intellectual property in basic and 
    applied quantum science and information considered sensitive to the 
    leadership of the United States in the field of quantum information 
    science and technology; and
        (4) develop memoranda of agreement, joint funding agreements, 
    and other cooperative arrangements necessary for meeting the long-
    term challenges and achieving the specific technical goals.
    (d) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2020, the 
    Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
    report on the program, in both classified and unclassified format.
        (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) A description of the knowledge-base of the Department 
        with respect to quantum sciences, plans to defend against 
        quantum based attacks, and any plans of the Secretary to 
        enhance such knowledge-base.
            (B) A plan that describes how the Secretary intends to use 
        quantum sciences for military applications and to meet other 
        needs of the Department.
            (C) An assessment of the efforts of foreign powers to use 
        quantum sciences for military applications and other purposes.
            (D) A description of activities undertaken consistent with 
        this section, including funding for activities consistent with 
        the section.
            (E) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
    SEC. 235. JOINT DIRECTED ENERGY TEST ACTIVITIES.
    (a) Test Activities.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
and Engineering shall, in the Under Secretary's capacity as the 
official with principal responsibility for the development and 
demonstration of directed energy weapons for the Department of Defense 
pursuant to section 219(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2431 note), 
develop, establish, and coordinate directed energy testing activities 
adequate to ensure the achievement by the Department of Defense of 
goals of the Department for developing and deploying directed energy 
systems to match national security needs.
    (b) Elements.--The activity established under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
        (1) The High Energy Laser System Test Facility of the Army Test 
    and Evaluation Command.
        (2) Such other test resources and activities as the Under 
    Secretary may designate for purposes of this section.
    (c) Designation.--The test activities established under subsection 
(a) shall be considered part of the Major Range and Test Facility Base 
(as defined in 196(i) of title 10, United States Code).
    (d) Prioritization of Effort.--In developing and coordinating 
testing activities pursuant to subsection (a), the Under Secretary 
shall prioritize efforts consistent with the following:
        (1) Paragraphs (2) through (5) of section 219(a) of the 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (10 U.S.C. 
    2431 note).
        (2) Enabling the standardized collection and evaluation of 
    testing data to establish testing references and benchmarks.
        (3) Concentrating sufficient personnel expertise of directed 
    energy weapon systems in order to validate the effectiveness of new 
    weapon systems against a variety of targets.
        (4) Consolidating modern state-of-the-art testing 
    infrastructure including telemetry, sensors, and optics to support 
    advanced technology testing and evaluation.
        (5) Formulating a joint lethality or vulnerability information 
    repository that can be accessed by any of the military departments 
    of Defense Agencies, similar to a Joint Munitions Effectiveness 
    Manuals (JMEMs).
        (6) Reducing duplication of directed energy weapon testing.
        (7) Ensuring that an adequate workforce and adequate testing 
    facilities are maintained to support missions of the Department of 
    Defense.
    SEC. 236. REQUIREMENT FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF ARRANGEMENTS FOR 
      EXPEDITED ACCESS TO TECHNICAL TALENT AND EXPERTISE AT ACADEMIC 
      INSTITUTIONS TO SUPPORT DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MISSIONS.
    (a) In General.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 217 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 
U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended by striking ``and each secretary of a 
military department may establish one or more'' and inserting ``shall, 
acting through the secretaries of the military departments, establish 
not fewer than three''.
    (b) Extension.--Subsection (f) of such section is amended by 
striking ``September 30, 2020'' and inserting ``September 30, 2022''.
    SEC. 237. AUTHORITY FOR JOINT DIRECTED ENERGY TRANSITION OFFICE TO 
      CONDUCT RESEARCH RELATING TO HIGH POWERED MICROWAVE CAPABILITIES.
    Section 219(b)(3) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2431 note) is amended 
by inserting ``, including high-powered microwaves,'' after ``energy 
systems and technologies''.
    SEC. 238. JOINT ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND 
      TRANSITION ACTIVITIES.
    (a) Establishment.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a set 
    of activities within the Department of Defense to coordinate the 
    efforts of the Department to develop, mature, and transition 
    artificial intelligence technologies into operational use.
        (2) Emphasis.--The set of activities established under 
    paragraph (1) shall apply artificial intelligence and machine 
    learning solutions to operational problems and coordinate 
    activities involving artificial intelligence and artificial 
    intelligence enabled capabilities within the Department.
    (b) Designation.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall designate a senior official 
of the Department with principal responsibility for the coordination of 
activities relating to the development and demonstration of artificial 
intelligence and machine learning for the Department.
    (c) Duties.--The duties of the official designated under subsection 
(b) shall include the following:
        (1) Strategic plan.--Developing a detailed strategic plan to 
    develop, mature, adopt, and transition artificial intelligence 
    technologies into operational use. Such plan shall include the 
    following:
            (A) A strategic roadmap for the identification and 
        coordination of the development and fielding of artificial 
        intelligence technologies and key enabling capabilities.
            (B) The continuous evaluation and adaptation of relevant 
        artificial intelligence capabilities developed both inside the 
        Department and in other organizations for military missions and 
        business operations.
        (2) Acceleration of development and fielding of artificial 
    intelligence.--To the degree practicable, the designated official 
    shall--
            (A) use the flexibility of regulations, personnel, 
        acquisition, partnerships with industry and academia, or other 
        relevant policies of the Department to accelerate the 
        development and fielding of artificial intelligence 
        capabilities;
            (B) ensure engagement with defense and private industries, 
        research universities, and unaffiliated, nonprofit research 
        institutions;
            (C) provide technical advice and support to entities in the 
        Department and the military departments to optimize the use of 
        artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies to 
        meet Department missions;
            (D) support the development of requirements for artificial 
        intelligence capabilities that address the highest priority 
        capability gaps of the Department and technical feasibility;
            (E) develop and support capabilities for technical analysis 
        and assessment of threat capabilities based on artificial 
        intelligence;
            (F) ensure that the Department has appropriate workforce 
        and capabilities at laboratories, test ranges, and within the 
        organic defense industrial base to support the artificial 
        intelligence capabilities and requirements of the Department;
            (G) develop classification guidance for all artificial 
        intelligence related activities of the Department;
            (H) work with appropriate officials to develop appropriate 
        ethical, legal, and other policies for the Department governing 
        the development and use of artificial intelligence enabled 
        systems and technologies in operational situations; and
            (I) ensure--
                (i) that artificial intelligence programs of each 
            military department and of the Defense Agencies are 
            consistent with the priorities identified under this 
            section; and
                (ii) appropriate coordination of artificial 
            intelligence activities of the Department with interagency, 
            industry, and international efforts relating to artificial 
            intelligence, including relevant participation in standards 
            setting bodies.
        (3) Governance and oversight of artificial intelligence and 
    machine learning policy.--Regularly convening appropriate officials 
    across the Department--
            (A) to integrate the functional activities of the 
        organizations and elements of the Department with respect to 
        artificial intelligence and machine learning;
            (B) to ensure there are efficient and effective artificial 
        intelligence and machine learning capabilities throughout the 
        Department; and
            (C) to develop and continuously improve research, 
        innovation, policy, joint processes, and procedures to 
        facilitate the development, acquisition, integration, 
        advancement, oversight, and sustainment of artificial 
        intelligence and machine learning throughout the Department.
    (d) Access to Information.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
official designated under subsection (b) has access to such information 
on programs and activities of the military departments and other 
Defense Agencies as the Secretary considers appropriate to carry out 
the coordination described in subsection (b) and the duties set forth 
in subsection (c).
    (e) Study on Artificial Intelligence Topics.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the official designated under subsection (b) 
    shall--
            (A) complete a study on past and current advances in 
        artificial intelligence and the future of the discipline, 
        including the methods and means necessary to advance the 
        development of the discipline, to comprehensively address the 
        national security needs and requirements of the Department; and
            (B) submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        on the findings of the designated official with respect to the 
        study completed under subparagraph (A).
        (2) Consultation with experts.--In conducting the study 
    required by paragraph (1)(A), the designated official shall consult 
    with experts within the Department, other Federal agencies, 
    academia, any advisory committee established by the Secretary that 
    the Secretary determines appropriate based on the duties of the 
    advisory committee and the expertise of its members, and the 
    commercial sector, as the Secretary considers appropriate.
        (3) Elements.--The study required by paragraph (1)(A) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) A comprehensive and national-level review of--
                (i) advances in artificial intelligence, machine 
            learning, and associated technologies relevant to the needs 
            of the Department and the Armed Forces; and
                (ii) the competitiveness of the Department in 
            artificial intelligence, machine learning, and such 
            technologies.
            (B) Near-term actionable recommendations to the Secretary 
        for the Department to secure and maintain technical advantage 
        in artificial intelligence, including ways--
                (i) to more effectively organize the Department for 
            artificial intelligence;
                (ii) to educate, recruit, and retain leading talent; 
            and
                (iii) to most effectively leverage investments in basic 
            and advanced research and commercial progress in these 
            technologies.
            (C) Recommendations on the establishment of Departmentwide 
        data standards and the provision of incentives for the sharing 
        of open training data, including those relevant for research 
        into systems that integrate artificial intelligence and machine 
        learning with human teams.
            (D) Recommendations for engagement by the Department with 
        relevant agencies that will be involved with artificial 
        intelligence in the future.
            (E) Recommendations for legislative action relating to 
        artificial intelligence, machine learning, and associated 
        technologies, including recommendations to more effectively 
        fund and organize the Department.
    (f) Delineation of Definition of Artificial Intelligence.--Not 
later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary shall delineate a definition of the term ``artificial 
intelligence'' for use within the Department.
    (g) Artificial Intelligence Defined.--In this section, the term 
``artificial intelligence'' includes the following:
        (1) Any artificial system that performs tasks under varying and 
    unpredictable circumstances without significant human oversight, or 
    that can learn from experience and improve performance when exposed 
    to data sets.
        (2) An artificial system developed in computer software, 
    physical hardware, or other context that solves tasks requiring 
    human-like perception, cognition, planning, learning, 
    communication, or physical action.
        (3) An artificial system designed to think or act like a human, 
    including cognitive architectures and neural networks.
        (4) A set of techniques, including machine learning, that is 
    designed to approximate a cognitive task.
        (5) An artificial system designed to act rationally, including 
    an intelligent software agent or embodied robot that achieves goals 
    using perception, planning, reasoning, learning, communicating, 
    decision making, and acting.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

    SEC. 241. REPORT ON SURVIVABILITY OF AIR DEFENSE ARTILLERY.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary 
of the Army shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the efforts of the 
Army to improve the survivability of air defense artillery, with a 
particular focus on the efforts of the Army to improve passive and 
active nonkinetic capabilities and training with respect to such 
artillery.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
        (1) An analysis of the utility of relevant passive and active 
    non-kinetic integrated air and missile defense capabilities, 
    including tactical mobility, new passive and active sensors, 
    signature reduction, concealment, and deception systems, and 
    electronic warfare and high-powered radio frequency systems.
        (2) An analysis of the utility of relevant active kinetic 
    capabilities, such as a new, long-range counter-maneuvering threat 
    missile and additional indirect fire protection capability units to 
    defend Patriot and Terminal High Altitude Area Defense batteries.
    (c) Form of Report.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.
    SEC. 242. T-45 AIRCRAFT PHYSIOLOGICAL EPISODE MITIGATION ACTIONS.
    Section 1063(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2018 (131 Stat. 1576; Public Law 115-91) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(5) A list of all modifications to the T-45 aircraft and 
    associated ground equipment carried out during fiscal years 2017 
    through 2019 to mitigate the risk of physiological episodes among 
    T-45 crewmembers.
        ``(6) The results achieved by the modifications listed pursuant 
    to paragraph (5), as determined by relevant testing and operational 
    activities.
        ``(7) The cost of the modifications listed pursuant to 
    paragraph (5).
        ``(8) Any plans of the Navy for future modifications to the T-
    45 aircraft that are intended to mitigate the risk of physiological 
    episodes among T-45 crewmembers.''.
    SEC. 243. REPORT ON EFFORTS OF THE AIR FORCE TO MITIGATE 
      PHYSIOLOGICAL EPISODES AFFECTING AIRCRAFT CREWMEMBERS.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary 
of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on all efforts of the Air Force to reduce the occurrence of, and 
mitigate the risk posed by, physiological episodes affecting 
crewmembers of covered aircraft.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
        (1) information on the rate of physiological episodes affecting 
    crewmembers of covered aircraft;
        (2) a description of the specific actions carried out by the 
    Air Force to address such episodes, including a description of any 
    upgrades or other modifications made to covered aircraft to address 
    such episodes;
        (3) schedules and cost estimates for any upgrades or 
    modifications identified under paragraph (3); and
        (4) an explanation of any organizational or other changes to 
    the Air Force carried out to address such physiological episodes.
    (c) Covered Aircraft Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
aircraft'' means--
        (1) F-35A aircraft of the Air Force;
        (2) T-6A aircraft of the Air Force; and
        (3) any other aircraft of the Air Force as determined by the 
    Secretary of the Air Force.
    SEC. 244. REPORT ON DEFENSE INNOVATION UNIT EXPERIMENTAL.
    Not later than May 1, 2019, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on Defense Innovation Unit Experimental (in this 
section referred to as the ``Unit''). Such a report shall include the 
following:
        (1) The integration of the Unit into the broader Department of 
    Defense research and engineering community to coordinate and de-
    conflict activities of the Unit with similar activities of the 
    military departments, Defense Agencies, Department of Defense 
    laboratories, the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency, the 
    Small Business Innovation Research Program, and other entities.
        (2) The metrics used to measure the effectiveness of the Unit 
    and the results of these metrics.
        (3) The number and types of transitions by the Unit to the 
    military departments or fielded to the warfighter.
        (4) The impact of the Unit's initiatives, outreach, and 
    investments on Department of Defense access to technology leaders 
    and technology not otherwise accessible to the Department 
    including--
            (A) identification of--
                (i) the number of non-traditional defense contractors 
            with Department of Defense contracts or other transactions 
            resulting directly from the Unit's initiatives, 
            investments, or outreach; and
                (ii) the number of traditional defense contractors with 
            contracts or other transactions resulting directly from the 
            Unit's initiatives;
            (B) the number of innovations delivered into the hands of 
        the warfighter; and
            (C) how the Department is notifying its internal components 
        about participation in the Unit.
        (5) The workforce strategy of the Unit, including whether the 
    Unit has appropriate personnel authorities to attract and retain 
    talent with technical and business expertise.
        (6) How the Department of Defense is documenting and 
    institutionalizing lessons learned and best practices of the Unit 
    to alleviate the systematic problems with technology access and 
    timely contract or other transaction execution.
        (7) An assessment of management and bureaucratic challenges to 
    the effective and efficient execution of the Unit's missions, 
    especially with respect to contracting and personnel management.
    SEC. 245. MODIFICATION OF FUNDING CRITERIA UNDER HISTORICALLY BLACK 
      COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES AND MINORITY INSTITUTIONS PROGRAM.
    Section 2362(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Priority'' and 
    inserting ``Criteria''; and
        (2) by striking ``give priority in providing'' and inserting 
    ``limit''.
    SEC. 246. REPORT ON OA-X LIGHT ATTACK AIRCRAFT APPLICABILITY TO 
      PARTNER NATION SUPPORT.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the 
Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the OA-X light attack aircraft experiment and 
how the program incorporates partner nation requirements.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include a 
description of--
        (1) how the OA-X light attack experiment will support partner 
    nations' low-cost counter terrorism light attack capability;
        (2) the extent to which the attributes of affordability, 
    interoperability, sustainability, and simplicity of maintenance and 
    operations are included in the requirements for the OA-X; and
        (3) how Federal Aviation Administration certification and a 
    reasonable path for military type certifications for commercial 
    derivative aircraft are factored into foreign military sales for a 
    partner nation.
    SEC. 247. REPORTS ON COMPARATIVE CAPABILITIES OF ADVERSARIES IN KEY 
      TECHNOLOGY AREAS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in coordination 
with the Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency, submit to the 
appropriate committees of Congress a set of classified reports that set 
forth a direct comparison between the capabilities of the United States 
in emerging technology areas and the capabilities of adversaries of the 
United States in such areas.
    (b) Elements.--The reports required by subsection (a) shall 
include, for each technology area covered, the following:
        (1) An evaluation of spending by the United States and 
    adversaries on such technology.
        (2) An evaluation of the quantity and quality of research on 
    such technology.
        (3) An evaluation of the test infrastructure and workforce 
    supporting such technology.
        (4) An assessment of the technological progress of the United 
    States and adversaries on such technology.
        (5) Descriptions of timelines for operational deployment of 
    such technology.
        (6) An assessment of the intent or willingness of adversaries 
    to use such technology.
    (c) Technical Areas.--The Secretary shall ensure that the reports 
submitted under subsection (a) cover the following:
        (1) Hypersonics.
        (2) Artificial intelligence.
        (3) Quantum information science.
        (4) Directed energy weapons.
        (5) Such other emerging technical areas as the Secretary 
    considers appropriate.
    (d) Coordination.--The Secretary shall prepare the reports in 
coordination with other appropriate officials of the intelligence 
community and with such other partners in the technology areas covered 
by the reports as the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (e) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
        (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Select Committee on 
    Intelligence of the Senate; and
        (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Permanent Select 
    Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives.
    SEC. 248. REPORT ON ACTIVE PROTECTION SYSTEMS FOR ARMORED COMBAT 
      AND TACTICAL VEHICLES.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on technologies related to active protection 
systems (APS) for armored combat and tactical vehicles.
    (b) Contents.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) With respect to the active protection systems that the Army 
    has recently tested on the M1A2 Abrams, the M2A3 Bradley, and the 
    STRYKER, the following:
            (A) An assessment of the effectiveness of such systems.
            (B) Plans of the Secretary to further test such systems.
            (C) Proposals for future development of such systems.
            (D) A timeline for fielding such systems.
        (2) Plans for how the Army will incorporate active protection 
    systems into new armored combat and tactical vehicle designs, such 
    as Mobile Protection Firepower (MPF), Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle 
    (AMPV), and Next Generation Combat Vehicle (NGCV).
    SEC. 249. NEXT GENERATION COMBAT VEHICLE.
    (a) Prototype.--The Secretary of the Army shall take appropriate 
actions to ensure that all necessary resources are planned and 
programmed for accelerated prototyping, component development, testing, 
or acquisition for the Next Generation Combat Vehicle (NGCV).
    (b) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary 
    shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
    the House of Representatives a report on the development of the 
    Next Generation Combat Vehicle.
        (2) Analysis.--
            (A) In general.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include a thorough analysis of the requirements of the Next 
        Generation Combat Vehicle.
            (B) Relevance to national defense strategy.--In carrying 
        out subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall ensure that the 
        requirements are relevant to the most recently published 
        National Defense Strategy.
            (C) Threats and terrain.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
        the analysis includes consideration of threats and terrain.
            (D) Component technologies.--The Secretary shall ensure 
        that the analysis includes consideration of the latest enabling 
        component technologies developed by the Tank Automotive, 
        Research, Development, Engineering Center of the Army that have 
        the potential to dramatically change basic combat vehicle 
        design and improve lethality, protection, mobility, range, and 
        sustainment.
    (c) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2019 by section 201 and available for research, 
development, testing, and evaluation, Army, for the Next Generation 
Combat Vehicle, not more than 90 percent may be obligated or expended 
until the Secretary submits the report required by subsection (b).
    SEC. 250. MODIFICATION OF REPORTS ON MECHANISMS TO PROVIDE FUNDS TO 
      DEFENSE LABORATORIES FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGIES 
      FOR MILITARY MISSIONS.
    Subsection (c) of section 2363 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Release and Dissemination of Information on Contributions 
From Use of Authority to Military Missions.--
        ``(1) Collection of information.--The Secretary shall establish 
    and maintain mechanisms for the continuous collection of 
    information on achievements, best practices identified, lessons 
    learned, and challenges arising in the exercise of the authority in 
    this section.
        ``(2) Release of information.--The Secretary shall establish 
    and maintain mechanisms as follows:
            ``(A) Mechanisms for the release to the public of 
        information on achievements and best practices described in 
        paragraph (1) in unclassified form.
            ``(B) Mechanisms for dissemination to appropriate civilian 
        and military officials of information on achievements and best 
        practices described in paragraph (1) in classified form.''.
    SEC. 251. BRIEFINGS ON MOBILE PROTECTED FIREPOWER AND FUTURE 
      VERTICAL LIFT PROGRAMS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary of the 
Army shall provide a briefing to the Committee on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives on the requirements of the Army for Mobile Protected 
Firepower (MPF) and Future Vertical Lift (FVL).
    (b) Contents.--The briefing provided pursuant to subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
        (1) With respect to the Mobile Protected Firepower program, the 
    following:
            (A) An explanation of how Mobile Protected Firepower could 
        survive against the effects of anti-armor and anti-aircraft 
        networks established within anti-access, area-denial defenses.
            (B) An explanation of how Mobile Protected Firepower would 
        improve offensive overmatch against a peer adversary.
            (C) Details regarding the total number of Mobile Protected 
        Firepower systems needed by the Army.
            (D) An explanation of how the Mobile Protected Firepower 
        system will be logistically supported within light formations.
            (E) Plans to integrate active protection systems into the 
        designs of the Mobile Protected Firepower program.
        (2) With respect to the Future Vertical Lift program, the 
    following:
            (A) An explanation of how Future Vertical Lift could 
        survive against the effects of anti-aircraft networks 
        established within anti-access, area-denial defenses.
            (B) An explanation of how Future Vertical Lift would 
        improve offensive overmatch against a peer adversary.
            (C) A review of the doctrine, organization, training, 
        materiel, leadership, education, personnel, and facilities 
        applicable to determine the total number of Future Vertical 
        Lift Capability Set 1 or Future Attack Reconnaissance Aircraft 
        (FARA), required by the Army.
            (D) An implementation plan for the establishment of Future 
        Vertical Lift, including a timeline for achieving initial and 
        full operational capability.
            (E) A description of the budget requirements for Future 
        Vertical Lift to reach full operational capability, including 
        an identification and cost of any infrastructure and equipment 
        requirements.
            (F) A detailed list of all analysis used to determine the 
        priority of Future Vertical Lift and which programs were 
        terminated, extended, de-scoped, or delayed in order to fund 
        Future Vertical Lift Capability Set 1 or Future Attack 
        Reconnaissance Aircraft in the Future Year's Defense Plan.
            (G) An assessment of the analysis of alternatives on the 
        Future Vertical Lift Capability Set 3 program.
            (H) An identification of any additional authorities that 
        may be required for achieving full operational capability of 
        Future Vertical Lift.
            (I) Any other matters deemed relevant by the Secretary.
    SEC. 252. IMPROVEMENT OF THE AIR FORCE SUPPLY CHAIN.
    (a) In General.--The Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics may use funds described in 
subsection (b) as follows:
        (1) For nontraditional technologies and sustainment practices 
    (such as additive manufacturing, artificial intelligence, 
    predictive maintenance, and other software-intensive and software-
    defined capabilities) to--
            (A) increase the availability of aircraft to the Air Force; 
        and
            (B) decrease backlogs and lead times for the production of 
        parts for such aircraft.
        (2) To advance the qualification, certification, and 
    integration of additive manufacturing into the Air Force supply 
    chain.
        (3) To otherwise identify and reduce supply chain risk for the 
    Air Force.
        (4) To define workforce development requirements and training 
    for personnel who implement and support additive manufacturing for 
    the Air Force at the warfighter, end-item designer and equipment 
    operator, and acquisition officer levels.
    (b) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2019 by section 201 for research, development, test, and 
evaluation for the Air Force and available for Tech Transition Program 
(Program Element (0604858F)), up to $42,800,000 may be available as 
described in subsection (a).
    SEC. 253. REVIEW OF GUIDANCE ON BLAST EXPOSURE DURING TRAINING.
    (a) Initial Review.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall review the 
decibel level exposure, concussive effects exposure, and the frequency 
of exposure to heavy weapons fire of an individual during training 
exercises to establish appropriate limitations on such exposures.
    (b) Elements.--The review required by subsection (a) shall take 
into account current data and evidence on the cognitive effects of 
blast exposure and shall include consideration of the following:
        (1) The impact of exposure over multiple successive days of 
    training.
        (2) The impact of multiple types of heavy weapons being fired 
    in close succession.
        (3) The feasibility of cumulative annual or lifetime exposure 
    limits.
        (4) The minimum safe distance for observers and instructors.
    (c) Updated Training Guidance.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the completion of the review under subsection (a), each 
Secretary of a military department shall update any relevant training 
guidance to account for the conclusions of the review.
    (d) Updated Review.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than two years after the initial 
    review conducted under subsection (a), and not later than two years 
    thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall conduct an updated 
    review under such subsection, including consideration of the 
    matters set forth under subsection (b), and update training 
    guidance under subsection (c).
        (2) Consideration of new research and evidence.--Each updated 
    review conducted under paragraph (1) shall take into account new 
    research and evidence that has emerged since the previous review.
    (e) Briefing Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall brief the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives on a summary of the results of the initial review under 
subsection (a), each updated review conducted under subsection (d), and 
any updates to training guidance and procedures resulting from any such 
review or updated review.
    SEC. 254. COMPETITIVE ACQUISITION STRATEGY FOR BRADLEY FIGHTING 
      VEHICLE TRANSMISSION REPLACEMENT.
    (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of the Army shall develop a 
strategy to competitively procure a new transmission for the Bradley 
Fighting Vehicle family of vehicles.
    (b) Additional Strategy Requirements.--The plan required by 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
        (1) An analysis of the potential cost savings and performance 
    improvements associated with developing or procuring a new 
    transmission common to the Bradley Fighting Vehicle family of 
    vehicles, including the Armored Multipurpose Vehicle and the 
    Paladin Integrated Management artillery system.
        (2) A plan to use full and open competition as required by the 
    Federal Acquisition Regulation.
    (c) Timeline.--Not later than February 15, 2019, the Secretary of 
the Army shall submit to the congressional defense committees the 
strategy developed under subsection (a).
    (d) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
for fiscal year 2019 by this Act for Weapons and Tracked Combat 
Vehicles, Army, may be obligated or expended to procure a Bradley 
Fighting Vehicle replacement transmission until the date that is 30 
days after the date on which the Secretary of the Army submits to the 
congressional defense committees the plan required by subsection (a).
    SEC. 255. INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF ELECTRONIC WARFARE PLANS AND 
      PROGRAMS.
    (a) Agreement.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter 
    into an agreement with the private scientific advisory group known 
    as ``JASON'' to perform the services covered by this section.
        (2) Timing.--The Secretary shall seek to enter into the 
    agreement described in paragraph (1) not later than 120 days after 
    the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Independent Assessment.--Under an agreement between the 
Secretary and JASON under this section, JASON shall--
        (1) assess the strategies, programs, order of battle, and 
    doctrine of the Department of Defense related to the electronic 
    warfare mission area and electromagnetic spectrum operations;
        (2) assess the strategies, programs, order of battle, and 
    doctrine of potential adversaries, such as China, Iran, and the 
    Russian Federation, related to the same;
        (3) develop recommendations for improvements to the strategies, 
    programs, and doctrine of the Department of Defense in order to 
    enable the United States to achieve and maintain superiority in the 
    electromagnetic spectrum in future conflicts; and
        (4) develop recommendations for the Secretary, Congress, and 
    such other Federal entities as JASON considers appropriate, 
    including recommendations for--
            (A) closing technical, policy, or resource gaps;
            (B) improving cooperation and appropriate integration 
        within the Department of Defense entities;
            (C) improving cooperation between the United States and 
        other countries and international organizations as appropriate; 
        and
            (D) such other important matters identified by JASON that 
        are directly relevant to the strategies of the Department of 
        Defense described in paragraph (3).
    (c) Liaisons.--The Secretary shall appoint appropriate liaisons to 
JASON to support the timely conduct of the services covered by this 
section.
    (d) Materials.--The Secretary shall provide access to JASON to 
materials relevant to the services covered by this section, consistent 
with the protection of sources and methods and other critically 
sensitive information.
    (e) Clearances.--The Secretary shall ensure that appropriate 
members and staff of JASON have the necessary clearances, obtained in 
an expedited manner, to conduct the services covered by this section.
    (f) Report.--Not later than October 1, 2019, the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on--
        (1) the findings of JASON with respect to the assessments 
    carried out under subsection (b); and
        (2) the recommendations developed by JASON pursuant to such 
    subsection.
    (g) Alternate Contract Scientific Organization.--
        (1) In general.--If the Secretary is unable within the period 
    prescribed in paragraph (2) of subsection (a) to enter into an 
    agreement described in paragraph (1) of such subsection with JASON 
    on terms acceptable to the Secretary, the Secretary shall seek to 
    enter into such agreement with another appropriate scientific 
    organization that--
            (A) is not part of the government; and
            (B) has expertise and objectivity comparable to that of 
        JASON.
        (2) Treatment.--If the Secretary enters into an agreement with 
    another organization as described in paragraph (1), any reference 
    in this section to JASON shall be treated as a reference to the 
    other organization.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense Program.
Sec. 312. Further improvements to energy security and resilience.
Sec. 313. Use of proceeds from sales of electrical energy derived from 
          geothermal resources for projects at military installations 
          where resources are located.
Sec. 314. Operational energy policy.
Sec. 315. Funding of study and assessment of health implications of per- 
          and polyfluoroalkyl substances contamination in drinking water 
          by agency for toxic substances and disease registry.
Sec. 316. Extension of authorized periods of permitted incidental 
          takings of marine mammals in the course of specified 
          activities by Department of Defense.
Sec. 317. Department of Defense environmental restoration programs.
Sec. 318. Joint study on the impact of wind farms on weather radars and 
          military operations.
Sec. 319. Core sampling at Joint Base San Antonio, Texas.
Sec. 320. Production and use of natural gas at Fort Knox, Kentucky.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 321. Authorizing use of working capital funds for unspecified minor 
          military construction projects related to revitalization and 
          recapitalization of defense industrial base facilities.
Sec. 322. Examination of Navy vessels.
Sec. 323. Limitation on length of overseas forward deployment of naval 
          vessels.
Sec. 324. Temporary modification of workload carryover formula.
Sec. 325. Limitation on use of funds for implementation of elements of 
          master plan for redevelopment of Former Ship Repair Facility 
          in Guam.
Sec. 326. Business case analysis for proposed relocation of J85 Engine 
          Regional Repair Center.
Sec. 327. Report on pilot program for micro-reactors.
Sec. 328. Limitation on modifications to Navy Facilities Sustainment, 
          Restoration, and Modernization structure and mechanism.

                           Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 331. Reports on readiness.
Sec. 332. Matters for inclusion in quarterly reports on personnel and 
          unit readiness.
Sec. 333. Annual Comptroller General reviews of readiness of Armed 
          Forces to conduct full spectrum operations.
Sec. 334. Surface warfare training improvement.
Sec. 335. Report on optimizing surface Navy vessel inspections and crew 
          certifications.
Sec. 336. Report on depot-level maintenance and repair.
Sec. 337. Report on wildfire suppression capabilities of active and 
          reserve components.
Sec. 338. Report on relocation of steam turbine production from Nimitz-
          class and Ford-class aircraft carriers and Virginia-class and 
          Columbia-class submarines.
Sec. 339. Report on Specialized Undergraduate Pilot Training production, 
          resourcing, and locations.
Sec. 340. Report on Air Force airfield operational requirements.
Sec. 341. Report on Navy surface ship repair contract costs.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 351. Coast Guard representation on explosive safety board.
Sec. 352. Transportation to continental United States of retired 
          military working dogs outside the continental United States 
          that are suitable for adoption in the United States.
Sec. 353. Scope of authority for restoration of land due to mishap.
Sec. 354. Repurposing and reuse of surplus Army firearms.
Sec. 355. Study on phasing out open burn pits.
Sec. 356. Notification requirements relating to changes to uniform of 
          members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 357. Reporting on future years budgeting by subactivity group.
Sec. 358. Limitation on availability of funds for service-specific 
          Defense Readiness Reporting Systems.
Sec. 359. Prioritization of environmental impacts for facilities 
          sustainment, restoration, and modernization demolition.
Sec. 360. Sense of Congress relating to Soo Locks, Sault Sainte Marie, 
          Michigan.
Sec. 361. U.S. Special Operations Command Civilian Personnel.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2019 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

    SEC. 311. EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL DEFENSE PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 136 of title 10, United States Code, as 
amended by section 851, is further amended by inserting after section 
2283, as added by such section 851, the following new section:
``SEC. 2284. EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL DEFENSE PROGRAM.
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
program to be known as the `Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense 
Program' (in this section referred to as the `Program') under which the 
Secretary shall ensure close and continuous coordination between 
military departments on matters relating to explosive ordnance disposal 
support for commanders of geographic and functional combatant commands.
    ``(b) Roles, Responsibilities, and Authorities.--The plan under 
subsection (a) shall include provisions under which--
        ``(1) the Secretary of Defense shall--
            ``(A) assign the responsibility for the direction, 
        coordination, integration of the Program within the Department 
        of Defense to an Assistant Secretary of Defense;
            ``(B) the Assistant Secretary of Defense to whom 
        responsibility is assigned under paragraph (1) shall serve as 
        the key individual for the Program responsible for developing 
        and overseeing policy, plans, programs, and budgets, and 
        issuing guidance and providing direction on Department of 
        Defense explosive ordnance disposal activities;
            ``(C) designate the Secretary of the Navy, or a designee of 
        the Secretary's choice, as the executive agent for the 
        Department of Defense responsible for providing oversight of 
        the joint program executive officer who coordinates and 
        integrates joint requirements for explosive ordnance disposal 
        and carries out joint research, development, test, and 
        evaluation and procurement activities on behalf of the military 
        departments and combatant commands with respect to explosive 
        ordnance disposal;
            ``(D) designate a combat support agency to exercise fund 
        management responsibility of the Department of Defense-wide 
        program element for explosive ordnance disposal research, 
        development, test, and evaluation, transactions other than 
        contracts, cooperative agreements, and grants related to 
        section 2371 of this title during research projects including 
        rapid prototyping and limited procurement urgent activities, 
        and acquisition; and
            ``(E) designate an Army explosive ordnance disposal-
        qualified general officer from the combat support agency 
        designated under subparagraph (D) to serve as the Chairman of 
        the Department of Defense explosive ordnance disposal defense 
        program board; and
        ``(2) the Secretary of each military department shall assess 
    the needs of the military department concerned with respect to 
    explosive ordnance disposal and may carry out research, 
    development, test, and evaluation activities, including other 
    transactions and procurement activities to address military 
    department unique needs such as weapon systems, manned and unmanned 
    vehicles and platforms, cyber and communication equipment, and the 
    integration of explosive ordnance disposal sets, kits and outfits 
    and explosive ordnance disposal tools, equipment, sets, kits, and 
    outfits developed by the department.
    ``(c) Annual Budget Justification Documents.--
        ``(1) For fiscal year 2021 and each fiscal year thereafter, the 
    Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress with the defense 
    budget materials a consolidated budget justification display, in 
    classified and unclassified form, that includes all of activities 
    of the Department of Defense relating to the Program.
        ``(2) The budget display under paragraph (1) for a fiscal year 
    shall include a single program element for each of the following:
            ``(A) Civilian and military pay.
            ``(B) Research, development, test, and evaluation.
            ``(C) Procurement.
            ``(D) Other transaction agreements.
            ``(E) Military construction.
        ``(3) The budget display shall include funding data for each of 
    the military department's respective activities related to 
    explosive ordnance disposal, including--
            ``(A) operation and maintenance; and
            ``(B) overseas contingency operations.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter, as amended by section 851, is further amended by 
inserting after the item relating to section 2283, as added by such 
section 851, the following new section:

``2284. Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense Program.''.
    SEC. 312. FURTHER IMPROVEMENTS TO ENERGY SECURITY AND RESILIENCE.
    (a) Energy Policy Authority.--Section 2911(b) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) as paragraphs 
    (3), (4), and (5), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting before paragraph (3), as so redesignated, the 
    following new paragraphs:
        ``(1) establish metrics and standards for the assessment of 
    energy resilience;
        ``(2) require the Secretary of a military department to perform 
    mission assurance and readiness assessments of energy power systems 
    for mission critical assets and supporting infrastructure, applying 
    uniform mission standards established by the Secretary of 
    Defense;''.
    (b) Reporting on Energy Security and Resilience Goals.--Section 
2911(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the 
end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense shall include the energy security 
and resilience goals of the Department of Defense in the installation 
energy report submitted under section 2925(a) of this title for fiscal 
year 2018 and every fiscal year thereafter. In the development of 
energy security and resilience goals, the Department of Defense shall 
conform with the definitions of energy security and resilience under 
this title. The report shall include the amount of critical energy 
load, together with the level of availability and reliability by fiscal 
year the Department of Defense deems necessary to achieve energy 
security and resilience.''.
    (c) Reporting on Installations Energy Management, Energy 
Resilience, and Mission Assurance.--Section 2925(a) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``, including progress on energy resilience at 
    military installations according to metrics developed by the 
    Secretary'' after ``under section 2911 of this title'';
        (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``the mission requirements 
    associated with disruption tolerances based on risk to mission'' 
    and inserting ``the downtimes (in minutes or hours) these missions 
    can afford based on their mission requirements and risk 
    tolerances'';
        (3) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``(including critical energy 
    loads in megawatts and the associated downtime tolerances for 
    critical energy loads)'' after ``energy requirements and critical 
    energy requirements'';
        (4) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (7); and
        (5) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
    paragraphs:
        ``(5) A list of energy resilience projects awarded by the 
    Department of Defense by military department and military 
    installation, whether appropriated or alternative financed for the 
    reporting fiscal year, including project description, award date, 
    the critical energy requirements serviced (including critical 
    energy loads in megawatts), expected reliability of the project (as 
    indicated in the awarded contract), life cycle costs, savings to 
    investment, fuel type, and the type of appropriation or alternative 
    financing used.
        ``(6) A list of energy resilience projects planned by the 
    Department of Defense by military department and military 
    installation, whether appropriated or alternative financed for the 
    next two fiscal years, including project description, fuel type, 
    expected award date, and the type of appropriation or alternative 
    financing expected for use.''.
    (d) Inclusion of Energy Security and Resilience as Priorities in 
Contracts for Energy or Fuel for Military Installations.--Section 
2922a(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(d) The Secretary concerned shall ensure energy security and 
resilience are prioritized and included in the provision and operation 
of energy production facilities under this section.''.
    (e) Conveyance Authority for Utility Systems.--Section 2688 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (d)(2), by adding at the end the following: 
    ``The business case analysis must also demonstrate how a privatized 
    system will operate in a manner consistent with subsection 
    (g)(3).''; and
        (2) in subsection (g)(3)--
            (A) by striking ``may require'' and inserting ``shall 
        require''; and
            (B) by striking ``consistent with energy resilience 
        requirements and metrics'' and inserting ``consistent with 
        energy resilience and cybersecurity requirements and associated 
        metrics''.
    (f) Modification of Energy Resilience Definition.--Section 
101(e)(6) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``task critical assets and other''.
    (g) Authority To Accept Energy Performance Financial Incentives 
From State and Local Governments.--Section 2913(c) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting ``a State or local government'' 
after ``generally available from''.
    (h) Use of Energy Cost Savings To Implement Energy Resilience and 
Energy Conservation Construction Projects.--Section 2912(b)(1) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by inserting ``, including energy 
resilience and energy conservation construction projects,'' after 
``energy security measures''.
    (i) Additional Basis for Preservation of Property in the Vicinity 
of Military Installations in Agreements With Non-Federal Entities on 
Use of Such Property.--Section 2684a(a)(2)(B) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``(B)'' and inserting ``(B)(i)''; and
        (2) by adding at the end of the following new clause:
            ``(ii) maintains or improves military installation 
        resilience; or''.
    SEC. 313. USE OF PROCEEDS FROM SALES OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY DERIVED 
      FROM GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES FOR PROJECTS AT MILITARY INSTALLATIONS 
      WHERE RESOURCES ARE LOCATED.
    Subsection (b) of section 2916 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Proceeds'' and inserting 
    ``Except as provided in paragraph (3), proceeds''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) In the case of proceeds from a sale of electrical energy 
generated from any geothermal energy resource--
        ``(A) 50 percent shall be credited to the appropriation account 
    described in paragraph (1); and
        ``(B) 50 percent shall be deposited in a special account in the 
    Treasury established by the Secretary concerned which shall be 
    available, for military construction projects described in 
    paragraph (2) or for installation energy or water security projects 
    directly coordinated with local area energy or groundwater 
    governing authorities, for the military installation in which the 
    geothermal energy resource is located.''.
    SEC. 314. OPERATIONAL ENERGY POLICY.
    (a) In General.--Section 2926 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d) as 
    subsections (c), (d), (e), (f), respectively;
        (2) by inserting before subsection (c), as redesignated by 
    paragraph (1), the following new subsections:
    ``(a) Operational Energy Policy.--In carrying out section 2911(a) 
of this title, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure the types, 
availability, and use of operational energy promote the readiness of 
the armed forces for their military missions.
    ``(b) Authorities.--The Secretary of Defense may--
        ``(1) require the Secretary of a military department or the 
    commander of a combatant command to assess the energy 
    supportability of systems, capabilities, and plans;
        ``(2) authorize the use of energy security, cost of backup 
    power, and energy resilience as factors in the cost-benefit 
    analysis for procurement of operational equipment; and
        ``(3) in selecting equipment that will use operational energy, 
    give favorable consideration to the acquisition of equipment that 
    enhances energy security, energy resilience, energy conservation, 
    and reduces logistical vulnerabilities.''; and
        (3) in subsection (c), as redesignated by subparagraph (A)--
            (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Alternative 
        Fuel Activities'' and inserting ``Functions of the Assistant 
        Secretary of Defense for Energy, Installations, and 
        Environment'';
            (B) by striking ``heads of the military departments and the 
        Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering'' 
        and inserting ``heads of the appropriate Department of Defense 
        components'';
            (C) in paragraph (1), by striking ``lead the alternative 
        fuel activities'' and inserting ``oversee the operational 
        energy activities'';
            (D) in paragraph (2), by striking ``regarding the 
        development of alternative fuels by the military departments 
        and the Office of the Secretary of Defense'' and inserting 
        ``regarding the policies and investments that affect the use of 
        operational energy across the Department of Defense'';
            (E) in paragraph (3), by striking ``prescribe policy to 
        streamline the investments in alternative fuel activities 
        across the Department of Defense'' and inserting ``recommend to 
        the Secretary policy to improve warfighting capability through 
        energy security and energy resilience''; and
            (F) in paragraph (5), by striking ``subsection (c)(4)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (e)(4)''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--(1) Section 2925(b)(1) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``section 2926(b)'' and 
inserting ``section 2926(d)''.
    (2) Section 1061(c)(55) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 111 note) is 
amended by striking ``Section 2926(c)(4)'' and inserting ``Section 
2926(e)(4)''.
    SEC. 315. FUNDING OF STUDY AND ASSESSMENT OF HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF 
      PER- AND POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES CONTAMINATION IN DRINKING 
      WATER BY AGENCY FOR TOXIC SUBSTANCES AND DISEASE REGISTRY.
    (a) Funding.--Paragraph (2) of section 316(a) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) is 
amended to read as follows:
        ``(2) Funding.--
            ``(A) Source of funds.--The study and assessment performed 
        pursuant to this section may be paid for using funds authorized 
        to be appropriated to the Department of Defense under the 
        heading `Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide'.
            ``(B) Transfer authority.--(i) Of the amounts authorized to 
        be appropriated for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 
        2018, not more than $10,000,000 shall be transferred by the 
        Secretary of Defense, without regard to section 2215 of title 
        10, United States Code, to the Secretary of Health and Human 
        Services to pay for the study and assessment required by this 
        section.
            ``(ii) Without regard to section 2215 of title 10, United 
        States Code, the Secretary of Defense may transfer not more 
        than $10,000,000 a year during fiscal years 2019 and 2020 to 
        the Secretary of Health and Human Services to pay for the study 
        and assessment required by this section.
            ``(C) Expenditure authority.--Amounts transferred to the 
        Secretary of Health and Human Services shall be used to carry 
        out the study and assessment under this section through 
        contracts, cooperative agreements, or grants. In addition, such 
        funds may be transferred by the Secretary of Health and Human 
        Services to other accounts of the Department for the purposes 
        of carrying out this section.
            ``(D) Relationship to other transfer authorities.--The 
        transfer authority provided under this paragraph is in addition 
        to any other transfer authority available to the Department of 
        Defense.''.
    (b) Report to Congress on Department of Defense Assessment and 
Remediation Plan.--Not later than 180 days after the date on which the 
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency establishes a 
maximum contaminant level for per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances 
(PFAS) contamination in drinking water in a national primary drinking 
water regulation under section 1412 of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 
U.S.C. 300g-1), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report containing a plan to--
        (1) assess any contamination at Department of Defense 
    installations and surrounding communities that may have occurred 
    from PFAS usage by the Department of Defense;
        (2) identify any remediation actions the Department plans to 
    undertake using the maximum contaminant level established by the 
    Environmental Protection Agency;
        (3) provide an estimate of the cost of such remediation and a 
    schedule for accomplishing such remediation; and
        (4) provide an assessment of past expenditures by local water 
    authorities to address contamination before the Environmental 
    Protection Agency established a maximum contaminant level and an 
    estimate of the cost to reimburse communities that remediated water 
    to a level not greater than such level.
    (c) Assessment of Health Effects of PFAS Exposure.--The Secretary 
of Defense shall conduct an assessment of the human health implications 
of PFAS exposure. Such assessment shall include--
        (1) a meta-analysis that considers the current scientific 
    evidence base linking the health effects of PFAS on individuals who 
    served as members of the Armed Forces and were exposed to PFAS at 
    military installations;
        (2) an estimate of the number of members of the Armed Forces 
    and veterans who may have been exposed to PFAS while serving in the 
    Armed Forces;
        (3) the development of a process that would facilitate the 
    transfer between the Department of Defense and the Department of 
    Veterans Affairs of health information of individuals who served in 
    the Armed Forces and may have been exposed to PFAS during such 
    service; and
        (4) a description of the amount of funding that would be 
    required to administer a potential registry of individuals who may 
    have been exposed to PFAS while serving in the Armed Forces.
    SEC. 316. EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZED PERIODS OF PERMITTED INCIDENTAL 
      TAKINGS OF MARINE MAMMALS IN THE COURSE OF SPECIFIED ACTIVITIES 
      BY DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    Section 101(a)(5)(A) of the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 
(16 U.S.C. 1371(a)(5)(A)) is amended--
        (1) in clause (i), by striking ``Upon request'' and inserting 
    ``Except as provided by clause (ii), upon request'';
        (2) by redesignating clauses (ii) and (iii) as clauses (iii) 
    and (iv), respectively; and
        (3) by inserting after clause (i) the following new clause 
    (ii):
    ``(ii) In the case of a military readiness activity (as defined in 
section 315(f) of the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 16 U.S.C. 703 note), clause (i) 
shall be applied--
        ``(I) in the matter preceding clause (I), by substituting 
    `seven consecutive years' for `five consecutive years'; and
        ``(II) in clause (I), by substituting `seven-year' for `five-
    year'.''.
    SEC. 317. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION PROGRAMS.
    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) The Department of Defense has identified nearly 39,500 
    sites that fall under the installation restoration program sites 
    and munitions response sites.
        (2) The installation response program addresses contamination 
    from hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants and active 
    military installations, formerly used defense site properties, and 
    base realignment and closure locations in the United States.
        (3) Munitions response sites are known or suspected to contain 
    unexploded ordnance, discarded military munitions, or munitions 
    constitutes are addressed through the military munitions response 
    program.
        (4) The installation restoration program sites and munitions 
    response sites have had significant impacts on state and local 
    governments that have had to bear the increased costs of 
    environmental degradation, notably groundwater contamination, and 
    local populations that have had to live with the consequences of 
    contaminated drinking, including increased health concerns and 
    decreasing property values.
        (5) Through the end of fiscal year 2017, the Department of 
    Defense had achieved response complete at 86 percent of 
    installation restoration program sites and munitions response 
    sites, but projects that it will fall short of meeting its goal of 
    90 percent by the end of fiscal year 2018.
        (6) The fiscal year 2019 budget request for environmental 
    restoration and base realignment and closure amounted to nearly 
    $1,318,320,000, a decrease of $53,429,000 from the amount 
    authorized in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
    Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91).
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) the environmental restoration and base realignment and 
    closure programs are important for the protection of the 
    environment, the health of the military and civilian personnel and 
    their families who live and work on military installations, to 
    ensure that current and legacy military operations do not adversely 
    affect the health or environments of surrounding communities;
        (2) the Department of Defense and the Armed Forces should seek 
    to reduce the financial burden on state and local government who 
    are bearing significant costs of cleanup stemming from defense 
    related activities;
        (3) the Department of Defense and the Armed Forces should 
    expedite and streamline cleanup at locations where contamination is 
    having a direct impact on civilian access to clean drinking water;
        (4) the Department of Defense and the Armed Forces should 
    continue to engage with and help allay local community concerns 
    about the safety of the drinking water due to environmental 
    degradation caused by defense related activities; and
        (5) the Department of Defense should seek opportunities to 
    accelerate environmental restoration efforts where feasible, to 
    include programming additional resources for response actions, 
    investing in technology solutions that may expedite response 
    actions, improving contracting procedures, increasing contracting 
    capacity, and seeking opportunities for partnerships and other 
    cooperative approaches.
    SEC. 318. JOINT STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF WIND FARMS ON WEATHER RADARS 
      AND MILITARY OPERATIONS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall enter into an 
arrangement with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to 
conduct a study on how to improve existing National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration and National Weather Service tools to 
reflect the latest data and policies to improve consistency in weather 
radars, with a focus on a research and development and field test 
evaluation program to validate existing mitigation options and develop 
additional options for weather radar impact, in collaboration with the 
National Weather Service, the Department of Energy, and the Federal 
Aviation Administration, and with input from academia and industry.
    (b) Elements.--The study required pursuant to subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
        (1) The potential impacts of wind farms on NEXRAD radars and 
    other Federal radars for weather forecasts and warnings used by the 
    Department of Defense, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
    Administration, and the National Weather Service.
        (2) Recommendations to reduce, mitigate, or eliminate the 
    potential impacts.
        (3) Recommendations for addressing the impacts to NEXRADs and 
    weather radar due to increasing turbine heights.
        (4) Recommendations to ensure wind farms do not impact the 
    ability of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and 
    the National Weather Service to warn or forecast hazardous weather.
        (5) The cumulative impacts of multiple wind farms near a single 
    radar on the ability of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
    Administration and the National Weather Service to warn or forecast 
    hazardous weather.
        (6) An analysis of whether certain wind turbine projects, based 
    on project layout, turbine orientation, number of turbines, density 
    of turbines, proximity to radar, or turbine height result in 
    greater impacts to the missions of Department of Defense, the 
    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and the National 
    Weather Service, and if so, how can those projects be better cited 
    to reduce or eliminate NEXRAD impacts.
        (7) Case studies where the Department of Defense, the National 
    Weather Service, and industry have worked together to implement 
    solutions.
        (8) Mitigation options, including software and hardware 
    upgrades, which the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
    and the National Weather Service have researched and analyzed, and 
    the results of such research and analysis.
        (9) A review of mitigation research performed to date by the 
    Government and or academia.
        (10) Identification of future research opportunities, 
    requirements, and recommendations for the SENSR program to mitigate 
    energy development.
    (c) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than 12 months after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the study conducted 
pursuant to subsection (a).
    SEC. 319. CORE SAMPLING AT JOINT BASE SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS.
    (a) Site Investigation Required.--The Secretary of the Air Force 
shall conduct a core sampling study along the proposed route of the W-6 
wastewater treatment line on Air Force real property, in compliance 
with best engineering practices, to determine if any regulated or 
hazardous substances are present in the soil along the proposed route.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than 15 months after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the results of the core samples taken 
pursuant to subsection (a).
    SEC. 320. PRODUCTION AND USE OF NATURAL GAS AT FORT KNOX, KENTUCKY.
    (a) Authority.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Army is authorized to 
    continue production, treatment, management, and use of the natural 
    gas from covered wells at Fort Knox, without regard to section 3 of 
    the Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands (30 U.S.C. 352), with 
    the limitation that the Secretary of the Army shall comply with the 
    Mineral Leasing Act, Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands, and 
    the Federal Oil and Gas Royalty Management Act, for additional oil 
    or natural gas drilling operations and production activities beyond 
    the production from the covered wells at Fort Knox.
        (2) Contract authority.--The Secretary is authorized to enter 
    into a contract with an appropriate entity to carry out paragraph 
    (1), with the limitation that the authority provided in this 
    section does not affect or authorize any interference with the 
    Muldraugh Gas Storage Facility at Fort Knox.
    (b) Royalties to the State of Kentucky.--
        (1) In general.--In implementing this section--
            (A) The Secretary of the Interior shall calculate the value 
        of royalty payments, calculated on a calendar year basis 
        beginning on the date of enactment of this section, that the 
        State of Kentucky would have received under the Mineral Leasing 
        Act for Acquired Lands (30 U.S.C. 352) for future natural gas 
        produced at Fort Knox under the authority of this section as 
        though the natural gas had been produced under the Mineral 
        Leasing Act for Acquired Lands, and provide the calculation to 
        the Secretary of the Army.
            (B) Upon request of the Secretary of the Interior, the 
        Secretary of the Army or its contractor shall promptly provide 
        all information, documents, or other materials the Secretary of 
        the Interior deems necessary to conduct this calculation.
            (C) The Secretary of the Army shall pay to the Treasury of 
        the United States the value of royalty calculated under this 
        section upon receipt of the calculation from the Secretary of 
        the Interior.
            (D) The Secretary of the Interior shall disburse the sums 
        collected from the Secretary of the Army pursuant to this 
        paragraph to the State of Kentucky as though the funds were 
        being disbursed to the State under section 6 of the Mineral 
        Leasing Act for Acquired Lands (30 U.S.C. 355) no later than 6 
        months after the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (E) Regardless of the value of the royalty payments 
        calculated under subparagraph (A), in no case may the amount of 
        the sums disbursed under subparagraph (D) for any calendar year 
        exceed $49,000.
        (2) Waiver authority.--The Governor of Kentucky may waive 
    paragraph (1) by providing written notice to the Secretary of the 
    Interior to that effect.
    (c) Ownership of Facilities.--The Secretary of the Army may take 
ownership of any gas production and treatment equipment and facilities 
and associated infrastructure from an entity with which the Secretary 
has entered into a contract under subsection (a) in accordance with the 
terms of the contract. The Secretary of the Interior shall have no 
responsibility for the plugging and abandonment of the covered wells at 
Fort Knox, the reclamation of the covered wells at Fort Knox, or any 
environmental damage caused or associated with the production of the 
covered wells at Fort Knox.
    (d) Applicability.--The authority of the Secretary of the Army 
under this section is effective as of August 2, 2007.
    (e) Limitation on Uses.--Any natural gas produced under the 
authority of this section may be used only to support energy security 
and energy resilience at Fort Knox. For purposes of this section, 
energy security and energy resilience include maintaining and 
continuing to produce natural gas from the covered wells at Fort Knox, 
and enhancing the Fort Knox energy grid through acquisition and 
maintenance of battery storage, loop transmission lines and pipelines, 
sub-stations, and automated circuitry.
    (f) Safety Standards for Gas Wells.--The covered wells at Fort Knox 
shall meet the same technical installation and operating standards that 
they would have had to meet had they been installed under a lease 
pursuant to the Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands. Such standards 
include the gas measurement requirements in the Federal Oil and Gas 
Royalty Management Act and the operational standards in the Onshore Oil 
and Gas Operating and Production regulations issued by the Bureau of 
Land Management. The Bureau of Land Management shall inspect and 
enforce the Army's and its contractor's compliance with the standards 
of the Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands, the Federal Oil and Gas 
Royalty Management Act, and the Bureau of Land Management Onshore Oil 
and Gas Operating and Production regulations.
    (g) Covered Wells at Fort Knox.--In this section, the term 
``covered wells at Fort Knox'' means the 26 wells located at Fort Knox, 
Kentucky, as of the date of the enactment of this Act.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

    SEC. 321. AUTHORIZING USE OF WORKING CAPITAL FUNDS FOR UNSPECIFIED 
      MINOR MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS RELATED TO REVITALIZATION 
      AND RECAPITALIZATION OF DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE FACILITIES.
    Section 2208 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(u) Use for Unspecified Minor Military Construction Projects to 
Revitalize and Recapitalize Defense Industrial Base Facilities.--(1) 
The Secretary of a military department may use a working capital fund 
of the department under this section to carry out an unspecified minor 
military construction project under section 2805 for the revitalization 
and recapitalization of a defense industrial base facility owned by the 
United States and under the jurisdiction of the Secretary.
    ``(2) Section 2805 shall apply with respect to a project carried 
out with a working capital fund under the authority of this subsection 
in the same manner as such section applies to any unspecified minor 
military construction project under section 2805.
    ``(3) In this subsection, the term `defense industrial base 
facility' means any Department of Defense depot, arsenal, shipyard, or 
plant located within the United States.
    ``(4) The authority to use a working capital fund to carry out a 
project under the authority of this subsection expires on September 30, 
2023.''.
    SEC. 322. EXAMINATION OF NAVY VESSELS.
    (a) Notice of Examinations.--Subsection (a) of section 7304 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting ``(1) The 
    Secretary''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), any naval vessel 
examined under this section on or after January 1, 2020, shall be 
examined with minimal notice provided to the crew of the vessel.
    ``(B) Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to a vessel undergoing 
necessary trials before acceptance into the fleet.''.
    (b) Annual Report.--Such section is further amended by adding at 
the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Annual Report.--(1) Not later than March 1 each year, the 
board designated under subsection (a) shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report setting forth the following:
        ``(A) An overall narrative summary of the material readiness of 
    Navy ships as compared to established material requirements 
    standards.
        ``(B) The overall number and types of vessels inspected during 
    the preceding fiscal year.
        ``(C) For in-service vessels, material readiness trends by 
    inspected functional area as compared to the previous five years.
    ``(2) Each report under this subsection shall be submitted in an 
unclassified form that is releasable to the public without further 
redaction.
    ``(3) No report shall be required under this subsection after 
October 1, 2021.''.
    SEC. 323. LIMITATION ON LENGTH OF OVERSEAS FORWARD DEPLOYMENT OF 
      NAVAL VESSELS.
    (a) Limitation.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 633 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 7320. Limitation on length of overseas forward deployment of 
    naval vessels
    ``(a) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy shall ensure that no 
naval vessel specified in subsection (b) that is listed in the Naval 
Vessel Register is forward deployed overseas for a period in excess of 
ten years. At the end of a period of overseas forward deployment, the 
vessel shall be assigned a homeport in the United States.
    ``(b) Vessels Specified.--A naval vessel specified in this 
subsection is any of the following:
        ``(1) Aircraft carrier.
        ``(2) Amphibious ship.
        ``(3) Cruiser.
        ``(4) Destroyer.
        ``(5) Frigate.
        ``(6) Littoral Combat Ship.
    ``(c) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Navy may waive the limitation 
under subsection (a) with respect to a naval vessel if the Secretary 
submits to the congressional defense committees notice in writing of--
        ``(1) the waiver of such limitation with respect to the vessel;
        ``(2) the date on which the period of overseas forward 
    deployment of the vessel is expected to end; and
        ``(3) the factors used by the Secretary to determine that a 
    longer period of deployment would promote the national defense or 
    be in the public interest.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new 
    section:

``7320. Limitation on length of overseas forward deployment of naval 
          vessels.''.

    (b) Treatment of Currently Deployed Vessels.--In the case of any 
naval vessel that has been forward deployed overseas for a period in 
excess of ten years as of the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of the Navy shall ensure that such vessel is assigned a 
homeport in the United States by not later than three years after the 
date of the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Congressional Briefing.--Not later than October 1, 2020, the 
Secretary of the Navy shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and House of Representatives a briefing on the plan of 
the Secretary for the rotation of forward deployed naval vessels.
    SEC. 324. TEMPORARY MODIFICATION OF WORKLOAD CARRYOVER FORMULA.
    During the period beginning on the date of the enactment of this 
Act and ending on September 30, 2021, in carrying out chapter 9, volume 
2B (relating to Instructions for the Preparation of Exhibit Fund-11a 
Carryover Reconciliation) of Department of Defense regulation 7000.14-
R, entitled ``Financial Management Regulation (FMR)'', in addition to 
any other applicable exemptions, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
that with respect to each military department depot or arsenal, outlay 
rates--
        (1) reflect the timing of when during a fiscal year 
    appropriations have historically funded workload; and
        (2) account for the varying repair cycle times of the workload 
    supported.
    SEC. 325. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF ELEMENTS 
      OF MASTER PLAN FOR REDEVELOPMENT OF FORMER SHIP REPAIR FACILITY 
      IN GUAM.
    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for the Navy for fiscal year 2019 may be obligated or 
expended for any construction, alteration, repair, or development of 
the real property consisting of the Former Ship Repair Facility in 
Guam.
    (b) Exception.--The limitation under subsection (a) does not apply 
to any project that directly supports depot-level ship maintenance 
capabilities, including the mooring of a floating dry dock.
    (c) Former Ship Repair Facility in Guam.--In this section, the term 
``Former Ship Repair Facility in Guam'' means the property identified 
by that name under the base realignment and closure authority carried 
out under the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A 
of title XXIX of Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note).
    SEC. 326. BUSINESS CASE ANALYSIS FOR PROPOSED RELOCATION OF J85 
      ENGINE REGIONAL REPAIR CENTER.
    (a) Business Case Analysis.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall 
prepare a business case analysis on the proposed relocation of the J85 
Engine Regional Repair Center. Such analysis shall include each of the 
following:
        (1) An overview of each alternative considered for the J85 
    Engine Regional Repair Center.
        (2) The one-time and annual costs associated with each such 
    alternative.
        (3) The effect of each such alternative on workload capacity, 
    capability, schedule, throughput, and costs.
        (4) The effect of each such alternative on Government-furnished 
    parts, components, and equipment, including mitigation strategies 
    to address known limitations to T38 production throughput, 
    especially such limitations caused by Government-furnished parts, 
    equipment, or transportation.
        (5) The effect of each such alternative on the transition of 
    the Air Force to the T-X training aircraft.
        (6) A detailed rationale for the selection of an alternative 
    considered as part of the business case analysis under this 
    section.
    (b) Limitation on Use of Funds for Relocation.--None of the funds 
authorized to be appropriated by this Act, or otherwise made available 
for the Air Force, may be obligated or expended for any action to 
relocate the J85 Engine Regional Repair Center until the date that is 
150 days after the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force 
provides to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a briefing on the business case analysis required by 
subsection (a).
    SEC. 327. REPORT ON PILOT PROGRAM FOR MICRO-REACTORS.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 12 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall develop and submit to the 
Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Energy and Commerce in 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Armed Services and 
the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources in the Senate a report 
describing the requirements for, and components of, a pilot program to 
provide resilience for critical national security infrastructure at 
Department of Defense facilities with high energy intensity and 
currently expensive utility rates and Department of Energy facilities 
by contracting with a commercial entity to site, construct, and operate 
at least one licensed micro-reactor at a facility identified under the 
report by December 31, 2027.
    (b) Consultation.--As necessary to develop the report required 
under subsection (a), the Secretary shall consult with--
        (1) the Secretary of Defense;
        (2) the Nuclear Regulatory Commission; and
        (3) the Administrator of the General Services Administration.
    (c) Contents.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
        (1) identification of potential locations to site, construct, 
    and operate a micro-reactor at a Department of Defense or 
    Department of Energy facility that contains critical national 
    security infrastructure that the Secretary determines may not be 
    energy resilient;
        (2) assessments of different nuclear technologies to provide 
    energy resiliency for critical national security infrastructure;
        (3) a survey of potential commercial stakeholders with which to 
    enter into a contract under the pilot program to construct and 
    operate a licensed micro-reactor;
        (4) options to enter into long-term contracting, including 
    various financial mechanisms for such purpose;
        (5) identification of requirements for micro-reactors to 
    provide energy resilience to mission-critical functions at 
    facilities identified under paragraph (1);
        (6) an estimate of the costs of the pilot program;
        (7) a timeline with milestones for the pilot program;
        (8) an analysis of the existing authority of the Department of 
    Energy and Department of Defense to permit the siting, 
    construction, and operation of a micro-reactor; and
        (9) recommendations for any legislative changes to the 
    authorities analyzed under paragraph (8) necessary for the 
    Department of Energy and the Department of Defense to permit the 
    siting, construction, and operation of a micro-reactor.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``critical national security infrastructure'' 
    means any site or installation that the Secretary of Energy or the 
    Secretary of Defense determines supports critical mission functions 
    of the national security enterprise.
        (2) The term ``licensed'' means holding a license under section 
    103 or 104 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954.
        (3) The term ``micro-reactor'' means a nuclear reactor that has 
    a power production capacity that is not greater than 50 megawatts.
        (4) The term ``pilot program'' means the pilot program 
    described in subsection (a).
        (5) The term ``Secretary'' means Secretary of Energy.
    (e) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified appendix.
    (f) Limitations.--This Act does not authorize the Department of 
Energy or Department of Defense to enter into a contract with respect 
to the pilot program.
    SEC. 328. LIMITATION ON MODIFICATIONS TO NAVY FACILITIES 
      SUSTAINMENT, RESTORATION, AND MODERNIZATION STRUCTURE AND 
      MECHANISM.
    The Secretary of the Navy may not make any modification to the 
existing Navy Facilities Sustainment, Restoration, and Modernization 
structure or mechanism that would modify duty relationships or 
significantly alter the existing structure until 90 days after 
providing notice of the proposed modification to the congressional 
defense committees.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

    SEC. 331. REPORTS ON READINESS.
    (a) Uniform Applicability of Readiness Reporting System.--
Subsection (b) of section 117 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by inserting ``and maintaining'' after ``establishing'';
        (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``reporting system is applied 
    uniformly throughout the Department of Defense'' and inserting 
    ``reporting system and associated policies are applied uniformly 
    throughout the Department of Defense, including between and among 
    the joint staff and each of the armed forces'';
        (3) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs (5) 
    and (6), respectively;
        (4) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
    paragraphs:
        ``(2) that is the single authoritative readiness reporting 
    system for the Department, and that there shall be no military 
    service specific systems;
        ``(3) that readiness assessments are accomplished at an 
    organizational level at, or below, the level at which forces are 
    employed;
        ``(4) that the reporting system include resources information, 
    force posture, and mission centric capability assessments, as well 
    as predicted changes to these attributes;''; and
        (5) in paragraph (5), as redesignated by paragraph (3) of this 
    subsection, by inserting ``, or element of a unit,'' after 
    ``readiness status of a unit''.
    (b) Capabilities of Readiness Reporting System.--Such section is 
further amended in subsection (c)--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) by striking ``Measure, on a monthly basis, the 
        capability of units'' and inserting ``Measure the readiness of 
        units''; and
            (B) by striking ``conduct their assigned wartime missions'' 
        and inserting ``conduct their designed and assigned missions'';
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) by striking ``Measure, on an annual basis,'' and 
        inserting ``Measure''; and
            (B) by striking ``wartime missions'' and inserting 
        ``designed and assigned missions'';
        (3) in paragraph (3)--
            (A) by striking ``Measure, on an annual basis,'' and 
        inserting ``Measure''; and
            (B) by striking ``wartime missions'' and inserting 
        ``designed and assigned missions'';
        (4) in paragraph (4), by striking ``Measure, on a monthly 
    basis,'' and inserting ``Measure'';
        (5) in paragraph (5), by striking ``Measure, on an annual 
    basis,'' and inserting ``Measure'';
        (6) by striking paragraphs (6) and (8) and redesignating 
    paragraph (7) as paragraph (6); and
        (7) in paragraph (6), as so redesignated, by striking 
    ``Measure, on a quarterly basis,'' and inserting ``Measure''.
    (c) Semi-annual and Monthly Joint Readiness Reviews.--Such section 
is further amended in subsection (d)(1)(A) by inserting ``, which 
includes a validation of readiness data currency and accuracy'' after 
``joint readiness review''.
    (d) Quarterly Report on Change in Current State of Unit 
Readiness.--Such section is further amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (h); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
    subsection (f):
    ``(f) Quarterly Report on Monthly Changes in Current State of 
Readiness of Units.--For each quarter that begins after the date of the 
enactment of this subsection and ends on or before September 30, 2023, 
the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on each monthly upgrade or downgrade of the current state of 
readiness of a unit that was issued by the commander of a unit during 
the previous quarter, together with the rationale of the commander for 
the issuance of such upgrade or downgrade.''.
    (e) Annual Report to Congress on Operational Contract Support.--
Such section is further amended by inserting after the new subsection 
(f), as added by subsection (d)(2) of this section, the following new 
subsection:
    ``(g) Annual Report on Operational Contract Support.--The Secretary 
shall each year submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
in writing containing the results of the most recent annual measurement 
of the capability of operational contract support to support current 
and anticipated wartime missions of the armed forces. Each such report 
shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
annex.''.
    (f) Regulations.--Such section is further amended in subsection 
(h), as redesignated by subsection (d)(1) of this section, by striking 
``prescribe the units that are subject to reporting in the readiness 
reporting system, what type of equipment is subject to such reporting'' 
and inserting ``prescribe the established information technology system 
for Department of Defense reporting, specifically authorize exceptions 
to a single-system architecture, and identify the organizations, units, 
and entities that are subject to reporting in the readiness reporting 
system, what organization resources are subject to such reporting''.
    (g) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Section heading.--Such section is further amended in the 
    section heading by striking ``: establishment; reporting to 
    congressional committees''.
        (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 2 is amended by striking the item relating to section 
    117 and inserting the following new item:

``117. Readiness reporting system.''.
    SEC. 332. MATTERS FOR INCLUSION IN QUARTERLY REPORTS ON PERSONNEL 
      AND UNIT READINESS.
    Section 482 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)(1), by inserting after ``deficiency'' the 
    following: ``in the ground, sea, air, space, and cyber forces, and 
    in such other such areas as determined by the Secretary of 
    Defense,''; and
        (2) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Assigned 
        Mission'';
            (B) by striking paragraph (3);
            (C) by redesignating paragraphs (2) as paragraph (3); and
            (D) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph (2):
        ``(2) A report for the second or fourth quarter of a calendar 
    year under this section shall also include an assessment by each 
    commander of a geographic or functional combatant command of the 
    readiness of the command to conduct operations in a multidomain 
    battle that integrates ground, air, sea, space, and cyber 
    forces.''.
    SEC. 333. ANNUAL COMPTROLLER GENERAL REVIEWS OF READINESS OF ARMED 
      FORCES TO CONDUCT FULL SPECTRUM OPERATIONS.
    (a) Reviews Required.--For each of calendar years 2018 through 
2021, the Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct an 
annual review of the readiness of the Armed Forces to conduct each of 
the following types of full spectrum operations:
        (1) Ground.
        (2) Sea.
        (3) Air.
        (4) Space.
        (5) Cyber.
    (b) Elements of Review.--In conducting a review under subsection 
(a), the Comptroller General shall--
        (1) use standard methodology and reporting formats in order to 
    show changes over time;
        (2) evaluate, using fiscal year 2017 as the base year of 
    analysis--
            (A) force structure;
            (B) the ability of major operational units to conduct 
        operations; and
            (C) the status of equipment, manning, and training; and
        (3) provide reasons for any variances in readiness levels, 
    including changes in funding, availability in parts, training 
    opportunities, and operational demands.
    (c) Metrics.--For purposes of the reviews required by this section, 
the Secretary of Defense shall identify and establish metrics for 
measuring readiness for the operations covered by subsection (a). In 
the first review conducted under this section, the Comptroller General 
shall evaluate and determine the validity of such metrics.
    (d) Access to Relevant Data.--For purposes of this section, the 
Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the Comptroller General has 
access to all relevant data, including--
        (1) any assessments of the ability of the Department of Defense 
    and the Armed Forces to execute operational and contingency plans;
        (2) any internal Department readiness and force structure 
    assessments; and
        (3) the readiness databases of the Department and the Armed 
    Forces.
    (e) Reports.--
        (1) Annual report.--Not later than February 28, 2019, and 
    annually thereafter until 2022, the Comptroller General shall 
    submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House 
    of Representatives an annual report on the review conducted under 
    subsection (a) for the year preceding the year during which the 
    report is submitted.
        (2) Additional reports.--At the discretion of the Comptroller 
    General, the Comptroller General may submit to the Committees on 
    Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
    additional reports addressing specific mission areas within the 
    operations covered by subsection (a) in order to provide an 
    independent assessment of readiness in the areas of equipping, 
    mapping, and training.
    SEC. 334. SURFACE WARFARE TRAINING IMPROVEMENT.
    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) In 2017, there were three collisions and one grounding 
    involving United States Navy ships in the Western Pacific. The two 
    most recent mishaps involved separate incidents of a Japan-based 
    United States Navy destroyer colliding with a commercial merchant 
    vessel, resulting in the combined loss of 17 sailors.
        (2) The causal factors in these four mishaps are linked 
    directly to a failure to take sufficient action in accordance with 
    the rules of good seamanship.
        (3) Because risks are high in the maritime environment, there 
    are widely accepted standards for safe seamanship and navigation. 
    In the United States, the International Convention on Standards of 
    Training, Certification and Watchkeeping (hereinafter in this 
    section referred to as the ``STCW'') for Seafarers, standardizes 
    the skills and foundational knowledge a maritime professional must 
    have in seamanship and navigation.
        (4) Section 568 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2139) endorsed the 
    STCW process and required the Secretary of Defense to maximize the 
    extent to which Armed Forces service, training, and qualifications 
    are creditable toward meeting merchant mariner licenses and 
    certifications.
        (5) The Surface Warfare Officer Course Curriculum is being 
    modified to include ten individual Go/No Go Mariner Assessments/
    Competency Check Milestones to ensure standardization and quality 
    of the surface warfare community.
        (6) The Military-to-Mariner Transition report of September 2017 
    notes the Army maintains an extensive STCW qualifications program 
    and that a similar Navy program does not exist.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) the Secretary of the Navy should establish a comprehensive 
    individual proficiency assessment process and include such an 
    assessment prior to all operational surface warfare officer tour 
    assignments; and
        (2) the Secretary of the Navy should significantly expand the 
    STCW qualifications process to improve seamanship and navigation 
    individual skills training for surface warfare candidates, surface 
    warfare officers, quartermasters and operations specialists to 
    include an increased set of courses that directly correspond to 
    STCW standards.
    (c) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary of the 
Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
includes each of the following:
        (1) A detailed description of the surface warfare officer 
    assessments process.
        (2) A list of programs that have been approved for credit 
    toward merchant mariner credentials.
        (3) A complete gap analysis of the existing surface warfare 
    training curriculum and STCW.
        (4) A complete gap analysis of the existing surface warfare 
    training curriculum and the 3rd mate unlimited licensing 
    requirement.
        (5) An assessment of surface warfare options to complete the 
    3rd mate unlimited license and the STCW qualification.
    SEC. 335. REPORT ON OPTIMIZING SURFACE NAVY VESSEL INSPECTIONS AND 
      CREW CERTIFICATIONS.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to 
Congress a report on optimizing surface Navy vessel inspections and 
crew certifications to reduce the burden of inspection type visits that 
vessels undergo. Such report shall include--
        (1) an audit of all surface Navy vessel inspections, 
    certifications, and required and recommended assist visits;
        (2) an analysis of such inspections, certifications, and visits 
    for redundancies, as well as any necessary items not covered;
        (3) recommendations to streamline surface vessel inspections, 
    certifications, and required and recommended assist visits to 
    optimize effectiveness, improve material readiness, and restore 
    training readiness; and
        (4) recommendations for congressional action to address the 
    needs of the Navy as identified in the report.
    (b) Congressional Briefing.--Not later than January 31, 2019, the 
Secretary of the Navy shall provide to the Senate Committee on Armed 
Services and the House Committee on Armed Services an interim briefing 
on the matters to be included in the report required by subsection (a).
    SEC. 336. REPORT ON DEPOT-LEVEL MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR.
    The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the heads of each of 
the military departments and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on labor 
hours and depot maintenance, which shall include--
        (1) the amount of public and private funding of depot-level 
    maintenance and repair (as defined in section 2460 of title 10 
    United States Code) for the Department of Defense, Army, Navy, 
    Marine Corps, Air Force, Special Operations Command, and any other 
    unified command identified by the Secretary, expressed by commodity 
    group by percentage and actual numbers in terms of dollars and 
    direct labor hours;
        (2) within each category of depot level maintenance and repair 
    for each entities, the amount of the subset of depot maintenance 
    workload that meets the description under section 2464 of title 10, 
    United States Code, that is performed in the public and private 
    sectors by direct labor hours and by dollars;
        (3) of the subset referred to in paragraph (2), the amount of 
    depot maintenance workload performed in the public and private 
    sector by direct labor hour and by dollars for each entity that 
    would otherwise be considered core workload under such section 
    2464, but is not considered core because a weapon system or 
    equipment has not been declared a program of record; and
        (4) the projections for the upcoming future years defense 
    program, including the distinction between the Navy and the Marine 
    Corps for the Department of the Navy, as well as any unified 
    command, including the Special Operations Command.
    SEC. 337. REPORT ON WILDFIRE SUPPRESSION CAPABILITIES OF ACTIVE AND 
      RESERVE COMPONENTS.
    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that wildfires 
endanger national security.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report 
on the wildfire suppression capabilities within the active and reserve 
components of the Armed Forces, including the Modular Airborne Fire 
Fighting System Program, and interagency cooperation with the Forest 
Service and the Department of the Interior.
    SEC. 338. REPORT ON RELOCATION OF STEAM TURBINE PRODUCTION FROM 
      NIMITZ-CLASS AND FORD-CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIERS AND VIRGINIA-CLASS 
      AND COLUMBIA-CLASS SUBMARINES.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Under Secretary 
of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics and the Assistant 
Secretary of the Navy for Research, Development, and Acquisition, shall 
develop and submit to Congress a report describing the potential 
impacts on national defense and the manufacturing base resulting from 
contractors or subcontractors relocating steam turbine production for 
Nimitz-class and Ford-class aircraft carriers and Virginia-class and 
Columbia-class submarines. Such report shall address each of the 
following:
        (1) The overall risk of moving production on the national 
    security of the United States, including the likelihood of 
    production delay or reduction in quality of steam turbines.
        (2) The impact on national security from a delay in production 
    of aircraft carriers and submarines.
        (3) The impacts on regional suppliers the current production of 
    steam turbines draw on and their ability to perform other contracts 
    should a relocation happen.
        (4) The impact on the national industrial and manufacturing 
    base and loss of a critically skilled workforce resulting from a 
    relocation of production.
        (5) The risk of moving production on total cost of the 
    acquisition.
    SEC. 339. REPORT ON SPECIALIZED UNDERGRADUATE PILOT TRAINING 
      PRODUCTION, RESOURCING, AND LOCATIONS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary of the 
Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on existing Specialized Undergraduate Pilot Training (SUPT) production, 
resourcing, and locations.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
        (1) A description of the strategy of the Air Force for 
    utilizing existing SUPT locations to produce the number of pilots 
    the Air Force requires.
        (2) The number of pilots that each SUPT location has graduated, 
    by year, over the previous 5 fiscal years.
        (3) The forecast number of pilots that each SUPT location will 
    produce for fiscal year 2019.
        (4) The maximum production capacity of each SUPT location.
        (5) The extent to which existing SUPT installations are 
    operating at maximum capacity in terms of pilot production.
        (6) A cost estimate of the resources required for each SUPT 
    location to reach maximum production capacity.
        (7) A determination as to whether increasing production 
    capacity at existing SUPT locations will satisfy the Air Force's 
    SUPT requirement.
        (8) A timeline and cost estimation of establishing a new SUPT 
    location.
        (9) A discussion of whether the Air Force plans to operate 
    existing SUPT installations at maximum capacity over the future 
    years defense program.
        (10) A business case analysis comparing the establishment of a 
    new SUPT location to increasing production capacity at existing 
    SUPT locations.
    SEC. 340. REPORT ON AIR FORCE AIRFIELD OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
the Air Force shall conduct an assessment and submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report detailing the operational 
requirements for Air Force airfields.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
        (1) An assessment of the state of airfields where runway 
    degradation currently poses a threat to operations and airfields 
    where such degradation threatens operations in the next five and 
    ten years.
        (2) A description of the operational requirements for 
    airfields, including an assessment of the impact to operations, 
    cost to repair, cost to replace, remaining useful life, and the 
    required daily maintenance to ensure runways are acceptable for 
    full operations.
        (3) A description of any challenges with infrastructure 
    acquisition methods and processes.
        (4) An assessment of the operational impact in the event a 
    runway were to become inoperable due to a major degradation 
    incident, such as a crack or fracture resulting from lack of 
    maintenance and repair.
        (5) A plan to address any shortfalls associated with the Air 
    Force's runway infrastructure.
    (c) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) shall be in 
unclassified form but may contain a classified annex as necessary.
    SEC. 341. REPORT ON NAVY SURFACE SHIP REPAIR CONTRACT COSTS.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on Navy surface ship repair 
contract costs.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include, for each private sector maintenance availability for a 
conventionally-powered Navy surface ship for the prior two completed 
fiscal years, the following elements:
        (1) Name of the ship.
        (2) Location of the availability.
        (3) Prime contractor performing the availability.
        (4) Date of the contract award.
        (5) Type of contract used, such as firm-fixed-price or cost-
    plus-fixed-fee.
        (6) Solicitation number.
        (7) Number of offers received in response to the solicitation.
        (8) Contract target cost at the date of contract award.
        (9) Contract ceiling cost of the contract at the date of 
    contract award.
        (10) Duration of the availability in days, including start and 
    end dates, at the date of contract award.
        (11) Final contract cost.
        (12) Final delivery cost.
        (13) Actual duration of the availability in days, including 
    start and end dates.
        (14) Description of growth work that was added after the 
    contract award, including the associated cost.
        (15) Explanation of why the growth work described in paragraph 
    (14) was not included in the scope of work associated with the 
    original contract award.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

    SEC. 351. COAST GUARD REPRESENTATION ON EXPLOSIVE SAFETY BOARD.
    Section 172(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``and Marine Corps'' and inserting ``Marine 
    Corps, and Coast Guard''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``When the 
    Coast Guard is not operating as a service in the Department of the 
    Navy, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall appoint an officer 
    of the Coast Guard to serve as a voting member of the board.''.
    SEC. 352. TRANSPORTATION TO CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES OF RETIRED 
      MILITARY WORKING DOGS OUTSIDE THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES THAT 
      ARE SUITABLE FOR ADOPTION IN THE UNITED STATES.
    Section 2583(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3)(A) In the case of a military working dog located outside the 
continental United States at the time of retirement that is suitable 
for adoption at that time, the Secretary of the military department 
concerned shall undertake transportation of the dog to the continental 
United States (including transportation by contract at United States 
expense) for adoption under this section unless--
        ``(i) the dog is adopted as described in paragraph (2)(A); or
        ``(ii) transportation of the dog to the continental United 
    States would not be in the best interests of the dog for medical 
    reasons.
    ``(B) Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to alter the 
preference in adoption of retired military working dogs for former 
handlers as set forth in subsection (g).''.
    SEC. 353. SCOPE OF AUTHORITY FOR RESTORATION OF LAND DUE TO MISHAP.
    Subsection (e) of section 2691 of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by section 2814 of the Military Construction Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2018 (division B of Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1849), 
is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) The authority under paragraphs (1) and (2) includes 
activities and expenditures necessary to complete restoration to meet 
the regulations of the Federal department or agency with administrative 
jurisdiction over the affected land, which may be different than the 
regulations of the Department of Defense.''.
    SEC. 354. REPURPOSING AND REUSE OF SURPLUS ARMY FIREARMS.
    Section 348(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1365) is amended by inserting 
``shredded or'' before ``melted and repurposed''.
    SEC. 355. STUDY ON PHASING OUT OPEN BURN PITS.
    (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
Congress a report that includes--
        (1) details of any ongoing use of open burn pits; and
        (2) the feasibility of phasing out the use of open burn pits by 
    using technology incinerators.
    (b) Open Burn Pit Defined.--In this section, the term ``open burn 
pit'' means an area of land--
        (1) that is designated by the Secretary of Defense to be used 
    for disposing solid waste by burning in the outdoor air; and
        (2) does not contain a commercially manufactured incinerator or 
    other equipment specifically designed and manufactured for the 
    burning of solid waste.
    SEC. 356. NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO CHANGES TO UNIFORM 
      OF MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.
    (a) DLA Notification.--The Secretary of a military department shall 
notify the Commander of the Defense Logistics Agency of any plan to 
implement a change to any uniform or uniform component of a member of 
the uniformed services. Such notification shall be made not less than 
three years prior to the implementation of such change.
    (b) Contractor Notification.--The Commander of the Defense 
Logistics Agency shall notify a contractor when one of the uniformed 
services plans to make a change to a uniform component that is provided 
by that contractor. Such a notification shall be made not less than 12 
months prior to any announcement of a public solicitation for the 
manufacture of the new uniform component.
    (c) Waiver.--If the Secretary of a military department or the 
Commander of the Defense Logistics Agency determines that the 
notification requirement under subsection (a) would adversely affect 
operational safety, force protection, or the national security 
interests of the United States, the Secretary or the Commander may 
waive such requirement.
    SEC. 357. REPORTING ON FUTURE YEARS BUDGETING BY SUBACTIVITY GROUP.
    Along with the budget for each fiscal year submitted by the 
President pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, 
the Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries of the military 
departments shall include in the OP-5 Justification Books, as detailed 
by Department of Defense Financial Management Regulation 7000.14-R, the 
amount for each individual subactivity group, as detailed in the 
Department's future years defense program pursuant to section 221 of 
title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 358. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR SERVICE-SPECIFIC 
      DEFENSE READINESS REPORTING SYSTEMS.
    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense for 
fiscal year 2019 for research, development, test, and evaluation or 
procurement, and available to develop service-specific Defense 
Readiness Reporting Systems (referred to in this section as ``DRRS'') 
may be made available for such purpose except for required maintenance 
and in order to facilitate the transition to DRRS-Strategic (referred 
to in this section as ``DRRS-S'').
    (b) Plan.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the Under Secretary for 
Personnel and Readiness shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a resource and funding plan to include a schedule with 
relevant milestones on the elimination of service-specific DRRS and the 
migration of the military services and other organizations to DRRS-S.
    (c) Transition.--The military services shall complete the 
transition to DRRS-S not later than October 1, 2019. The Secretary of 
Defense shall notify the congressional defense committees upon the 
complete transition of the services.
    (d) Reporting Requirement.--
        (1) In general.--The Under Secretary for Personnel and 
    Readiness, the Under Secretary for Acquisition and Sustainment, and 
    the Under Secretary for Research and Engineering, in coordination 
    with the Secretaries of the military departments and other 
    organizations with relevant technical expertise, shall establish a 
    working group including individuals with expertise in application 
    or software development, data science, testing, and development and 
    assessment of performance metrics to assess the current process for 
    collecting, analyzing, and communicating readiness data, and 
    develop a strategy for implementing any recommended changes to 
    improve and establish readiness metrics using the current DRRS-
    Strategic platform.
        (2) Elements.--The assessment conducted pursuant to paragraph 
    (1) shall include--
            (A) identification of modern tools, methods, and approaches 
        to readiness to more effectively and efficiently collect, 
        analyze, and make decision based on readiness data; and
            (B) consideration of cost and schedule.
        (3) Submission to congress.--Not later than February 1, 2020, 
    the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees the assessment conducted pursuant to paragraph (1).
    (e) Defense Readiness Reporting Requirements.--To the maximum 
extent practicable, the Secretary of Defense shall meet defense 
readiness reporting requirements consistent with the recommendations of 
the working group established under subsection (d)(1).
    SEC. 359. PRIORITIZATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS FOR FACILITIES 
      SUSTAINMENT, RESTORATION, AND MODERNIZATION DEMOLITION.
    The Secretary of Defense shall establish prioritization metrics for 
facilities deemed eligible for demolition within the Facilities 
Sustainment, Restoration, and Modernization (FSRM) process. Those 
metrics shall include full spectrum readiness and environmental 
impacts, including the removal of contamination.
    SEC. 360. SENSE OF CONGRESS RELATING TO SOO LOCKS, SAULT SAINTE 
      MARIE, MICHIGAN.
    It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) the Soo Locks in Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, are of 
    critical importance to the national security of the United States;
        (2) the Soo Locks are the only waterway connection from Lake 
    Superior to the Lower Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence Seaway;
        (3) only the Poe Lock is of sufficient size to allow for the 
    passage of the largest cargo vessels that transport well over 90 
    percent of all iron ore mined in the United States, and this lock 
    is nearing the end of its 50-year useful lifespan;
        (4) a report issued by the Office of Cyber and Infrastructure 
    Analysis of the Department of Homeland Security concluded that an 
    unscheduled 6-month outage of the Poe Lock would cause--
            (A) a dramatic increase in national and regional 
        unemployment; and
            (B) 75 percent of Great Lakes steel production, and nearly 
        all North American appliance, automobile, railcar, and 
        construction, farm, and mining equipment production to cease;
        (5) the Corps of Engineers is reevaluating a past economic 
    evaluation report to update the benefit-to-cost ratio for building 
    a new lock at the Soo Locks; and
        (6) the Secretary of the Army and all relevant Federal agencies 
    should--
            (A) expedite the completion of the report described in 
        paragraph (5) and ensure the analysis adequately reflects the 
        critical importance of the Soo Locks infrastructure to the 
        national security and economy of the United States; and
            (B) expedite all other necessary reviews, analysis, and 
        approvals needed to speed the required upgrades at the Soo 
        Locks.
    SEC. 361. U.S. SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND CIVILIAN PERSONNEL.
    Notwithstanding section 143 of title 10, United States Code, of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act for Operation and 
Maintenance, Defense-wide for United States Special Operations Command 
civilian personnel, not less than $4,000,000 shall be used to fund 
additional civilian personnel in or directly supporting the office of 
the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low-
Intensity Conflict to support the Assistant Secretary in fulfilling the 
additional responsibilities of the Assistant Secretary that were added 
by the amendments to sections 138(b)(4), 139b, and 167 of title 10, 
United States Code, made by section 922 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328).

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
          levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for reserves on active duty in support of the 
          reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
          duty for operational support.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

    SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.
    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty personnel 
as of September 30, 2019, as follows:
        (1) The Army, 487,500.
        (2) The Navy, 335,400.
        (3) The Marine Corps, 186,100.
        (4) The Air Force, 329,100.
    SEC. 402. REVISIONS IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH MINIMUM 
      LEVELS.
    Section 691(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting the following new 
paragraphs:
        ``(1) For the Army, 487,500.
        ``(2) For the Navy, 335,400.
        ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 186,100.
        ``(4) For the Air Force, 329,100.''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

    SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.
    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for 
Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 
30, 2019, as follows:
        (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 343,500.
        (2) The Army Reserve, 199,500.
        (3) The Navy Reserve, 59,100.
        (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
        (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 107,100.
        (6) The Air Force Reserve, 70,000.
        (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed by 
subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall 
be proportionately reduced by--
        (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to serve 
    as units of the Selected Reserve of such component which are on 
    active duty (other than for training) at the end of the fiscal 
    year; and
        (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
    organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
    component who are on active duty (other than for training or for 
    unsatisfactory participation in training) without their consent at 
    the end of the fiscal year.
    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual members 
of the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are released from 
active duty during any fiscal year, the end strength prescribed for 
such fiscal year for the Selected Reserve of such reserve component 
shall be increased proportionately by the total authorized strengths of 
such units and by the total number of such individual members.
    SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF 
      THE RESERVES.
    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of September 30, 
2019, the following number of Reserves to be serving on full-time 
active duty or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National 
Guard, for the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, 
instructing, or training the reserve components:
        (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,595.
        (2) The Army Reserve, 16,386.
        (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,110.
        (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,261.
        (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 19,861.
        (6) The Air Force Reserve, 3,849.
    SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).
    The minimum number of military technicians (dual status) as of the 
last day of fiscal year 2019 for the reserve components of the Army and 
the Air Force (notwithstanding section 129 of title 10, United States 
Code) shall be the following:
        (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 22,294.
        (2) For the Army Reserve, 6,492.
        (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 15,861.
        (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 8,880.
    SEC. 414. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
      ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.
    During fiscal year 2019, the maximum number of members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving at any time 
on full-time operational support duty under section 115(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is the following:
        (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
        (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
        (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
        (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
        (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
        (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.
    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated for fiscal year 2019 for the use of the Armed Forces 
and other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
expenses, not otherwise provided for, for military personnel, as 
specified in the funding table in section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other authorization of 
appropriations (definite or indefinite) for such purpose for fiscal 
year 2019.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Repeal of requirement for ability to complete 20 years of 
          service by age 62 as qualification for original appointment as 
          a regular commissioned officer.
Sec. 502. Enhancement of availability of constructive service credit for 
          private sector training or experience upon original 
          appointment as a commissioned officer.
Sec. 503. Standardized temporary promotion authority across the military 
          departments for officers in certain grades with critical 
          skills.
Sec. 504. Authority for promotion boards to recommend officers of 
          particular merit be placed higher on a promotion list.
Sec. 505. Authority for officers to opt out of promotion board 
          consideration.
Sec. 506. Applicability to additional officer grades of authority for 
          continuation on active duty of officers in certain military 
          specialties and career tracks.
Sec. 507. Alternative promotion authority for officers in designated 
          competitive categories of officers.
Sec. 508. Attending Physician to the Congress.
Sec. 509. Matters relating to satisfactory service in grade for purposes 
          of retirement grade of officers in highest grade of 
          satisfactory service.
Sec. 510. Grades of Chiefs of Chaplains.
Sec. 511. Repeal of original appointment qualification requirement for 
          warrant officers in the regular Army.
Sec. 512. Reduction in number of years of active naval service required 
          for permanent appointment as a limited duty officer.
Sec. 513. Authority to designate certain reserve officers as not to be 
          considered for selection for promotion.
Sec. 514. GAO review of surface warfare career paths.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 515. Authorized strength and distribution in grade.
Sec. 516. Repeal of prohibition on service on Army Reserve Forces Policy 
          Committee by members on active duty.
Sec. 517. Expansion of personnel subject to authority of the Chief of 
          the National Guard Bureau in the execution of functions and 
          missions of the National Guard Bureau.
Sec. 518. Authority to adjust effective date of promotion in the event 
          of undue delay in extending Federal recognition of promotion.
Sec. 519. National Guard Youth Challenge Program.
Sec. 520. Extension of authority for pilot program on use of retired 
          senior enlisted members of the Army National Guard as Army 
          National Guard recruiters.

   Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                 Records

Sec. 521. Enlistments vital to the national interest.
Sec. 522. Statement of benefits.
Sec. 523. Modification to forms of support that may be accepted in 
          support of the mission of the Defense POW/MIA Accounting 
          Agency.
Sec. 524. Assessment of Navy standard workweek and related adjustments.
Sec. 525. Notification on manning of afloat naval forces.
Sec. 526. Navy watchstander records.
Sec. 527. Qualification experience requirements for certain Navy 
          watchstations.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

Sec. 531. Inclusion of strangulation and suffocation in conduct 
          constituting aggravated assault for purposes of the Uniform 
          Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 532. Punitive article on domestic violence under the Uniform Code 
          of Military Justice.
Sec. 533. Authorities of Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, 
          Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 534. Report on feasibility of expanding services of the Special 
          Victims' Counsel to victims of domestic violence.
Sec. 535. Uniform command action form on disposition of unrestricted 
          sexual assault cases involving members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 536. Standardization of policies related to expedited transfer in 
          cases of sexual assault or domestic violence.

                     Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Clarification of expiration of term of appellate military 
          judges of the United States Court of Military Commission 
          Review.
Sec. 542. Security clearance reinvestigation of certain personnel who 
          commit certain offenses.
Sec. 543. Development of oversight plan for implementation of Department 
          of Defense harassment prevention and response policy.
Sec. 544. Oversight of registered sex offender management program.
Sec. 545. Development of resource guides regarding sexual assault for 
          the military service academies.
Sec. 546. Improved crime reporting.
Sec. 547. Report on victims of sexual assault in reports of military 
          criminal investigative organizations.

   Subtitle F--Member Education, Training, Resilience, and Transition

Sec. 551. Permanent career intermission program.
Sec. 552. Improvements to Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 553. Repeal of program on encouragement of postseparation public 
          and community service.
Sec. 554. Clarification of application and honorable service 
          requirements under the Troops-to-Teachers Program to members 
          of the Retired Reserve.
Sec. 555. Employment and compensation of civilian faculty members at the 
          Joint Special Operations University.
Sec. 556. Program to assist members of the Armed Forces in obtaining 
          professional credentials.
Sec. 557. Enhancement of authorities in connection with Junior Reserve 
          Officers' Training Corps programs.
Sec. 558. Expansion of period of availability of Military OneSource 
          program for retired and discharged members of the Armed Forces 
          and their immediate families.
Sec. 559. Prohibition on use of funds for attendance of enlisted 
          personnel at senior level and intermediate level officer 
          professional military education courses.

                Subtitle G--Defense Dependents' Education

Sec. 561. Assistance to schools with military dependent students.
Sec. 562. Department of Defense Education Activity policies and 
          procedures on sexual harassment of students of Activity 
          schools.
Sec. 563. Department of Defense Education Activity misconduct database.
Sec. 564. Assessment and report on active shooter threat mitigation at 
          schools located on military installations.

              Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness Matters

Sec. 571. Department of Defense Military Family Readiness Council 
          matters.
Sec. 572. Enhancement and clarification of family support services for 
          family members of members of special operations forces.
Sec. 573. Temporary expansion of authority for noncompetitive 
          appointments of military spouses by Federal agencies.
Sec. 574. Improvement of My Career Advancement Account program for 
          military spouses.
Sec. 575. Assessment and report on the effects of permanent changes of 
          station on employment among military spouses.
Sec. 576. Provisional or interim clearances to provide childcare 
          services at military childcare centers.
Sec. 577. Multidisciplinary teams for military installations on child 
          abuse and other domestic violence.
Sec. 578. Pilot program for military families: prevention of child abuse 
          and training on safe childcare practices.
Sec. 579. Assessment and report on small business activities of military 
          spouses on military installations in the United States.

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Atomic veterans service certificate.
Sec. 582. Award of medals or other commendations to handlers of military 
          working dogs.
Sec. 583. Authorization for award of distinguished-service cross to 
          Justin T. Gallegos for acts of valor during Operation Enduring 
          Freedom.

           Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Annual defense manpower requirements report matters.
Sec. 592. Burial of unclaimed remains of inmates at the United States 
          Disciplinary Barracks Cemetery, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
Sec. 593. Standardization of frequency of academy visits of the Air 
          Force Academy Board of Visitors with academy visits of boards 
          of other military service academies.
Sec. 594. National Commission on Military, National, and Public Service 
          matters.
Sec. 595. Public availability of top-line numbers of deployed members of 
          the Armed Forces.
Sec. 596. Report on general and flag officer costs.
Sec. 597. Study on active service obligations for medical training with 
          other service obligations for education or training and health 
          professional recruiting.
Sec. 598. Criteria for interment at Arlington National Cemetery.
Sec. 599. Limitation on use of funds pending submittal of report on Army 
          Marketing and Advertising Program.
Sec. 600. Proof of period of military service for purposes of interest 
          rate limitation under the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

    SEC. 501. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT FOR ABILITY TO COMPLETE 20 YEARS OF 
      SERVICE BY AGE 62 AS QUALIFICATION FOR ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT AS A 
      REGULAR COMMISSIONED OFFICER.
    (a) Repeal.--Subsection (a) of section 532 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking paragraph (2); and
        (2) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) as paragraphs 
    (2), (3), and (4), respectively.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Such section is further amended by 
striking subsection (d).
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply with 
respect to original appointments of regular commissioned officers of 
the Armed Forces made on or after that date.
    SEC. 502. ENHANCEMENT OF AVAILABILITY OF CONSTRUCTIVE SERVICE 
      CREDIT FOR PRIVATE SECTOR TRAINING OR EXPERIENCE UPON ORIGINAL 
      APPOINTMENT AS A COMMISSIONED OFFICER.
    (a) Regular Officers.--
        (1) In general.--Subsection (b) of section 533 of title 10, 
    United States Code, is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking subparagraph (D) and 
        inserting the following new subparagraph (D):
        ``(D) Additional credit for special training or experience in a 
    particular officer career field as designated by the Secretary 
    concerned, if such training or experience is directly related to 
    the operational needs of the armed force concerned.''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) by striking ``Except as authorized by the Secretary 
            concerned in individual cases and under regulations 
            prescribed by the Secretary of Defense in the case of a 
            medical or dental officer, the amount'' and inserting ``The 
            amount''; and
                (ii) by striking ``in the grade of major in the Army, 
            Air Force, or Marine Corps or lieutenant commander in the 
            Navy'' and inserting ``in the grade of colonel in the Army, 
            Air Force, or Marine Corps or captain in the Navy''.
        (2) Repeal of temporary authority for service credit for 
    critically necessary cyberspace-related experience.--Such section 
    is further amended--
            (A) in subsections (a)(2) and (c), by striking ``or (g)''; 
        and
            (B) by striking subsection (g).
    (b) Reserve Officers.--
        (1) In general.--Subsection (b) of section 12207 of title 10, 
    United States Code, is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking subparagraph (D) and 
        inserting the following new subparagraph (D):
        ``(D) Additional credit for special training or experience in a 
    particular officer career field as designated by the Secretary 
    concerned, if such training or experience is directly related to 
    the operational needs of the armed force concerned.''; and
            (B) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following 
        new paragraph (3):
    ``(3) The amount of constructive service credit credited to an 
officer under this subsection may not exceed the amount required in 
order for the officer to be eligible for an original appointment as a 
reserve officer of the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps in the grade of 
colonel or as a reserve officer of the Navy in the grade of captain.''.
        (2) Repeal of temporary authority for service credit for 
    critically necessary cyberspace-related experience.--Such section 
    is further amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (e);
            (B) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
        (e) and (f), respectively; and
            (C) in subsection (e), as redesignated by subparagraph (B), 
        by striking ``, (d), or (e)'' and inserting ``or (d)''.
    SEC. 503. STANDARDIZED TEMPORARY PROMOTION AUTHORITY ACROSS THE 
      MILITARY DEPARTMENTS FOR OFFICERS IN CERTAIN GRADES WITH CRITICAL 
      SKILLS.
    (a) Standardized Temporary Promotion Authority.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 35 of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 605. Promotion to certain grades for officers with critical 
   skills: colonel, lieutenant colonel, major, captain; captain, 
   commander, lieutenant commander, lieutenant
    ``(a) In General.--An officer in the grade of first lieutenant, 
captain, major, or lieutenant colonel in the Army, Air Force, or Marine 
Corps, or lieutenant (junior grade), lieutenant, lieutenant commander, 
or commander in the Navy, who is described in subsection (b) may be 
temporarily promoted to the grade of captain, major, lieutenant 
colonel, or colonel in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, or 
lieutenant, lieutenant commander, commander, or captain in the Navy, as 
applicable, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the 
military department concerned. Appointments under this section shall be 
made by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the 
Senate.
    ``(b) Covered Officers.--An officer described in this subsection is 
any officer in a grade specified in subsection (a) who--
        ``(1) has a skill in which the armed force concerned has a 
    critical shortage of personnel (as determined by the Secretary of 
    the military department concerned); and
        ``(2) is serving in a position (as determined by the Secretary 
    of the military department concerned) that--
            ``(A) is designated to be held by a captain, major, 
        lieutenant colonel, or colonel in the Army, Air Force, or 
        Marine Corps, or lieutenant, lieutenant commander, commander, 
        or captain in the Navy, as applicable; and
            ``(B) requires that an officer serving in such position 
        have the skill possessed by such officer.
    ``(c) Preservation of Position and Status of Officers Appointed.--
An appointment under this section does not change the position on the 
active-duty list or the permanent, probationary, or acting status of 
the officer so appointed, prejudice the officer in regard to other 
promotions or appointments, or abridge the rights or benefits of the 
officer.
    ``(d) Board Recommendation Required.--A temporary promotion under 
this section may be made only upon the recommendation of a board of 
officers convened by the Secretary of the military department concerned 
for the purpose of recommending officers for such promotions.
    ``(e) Acceptance and Effective Date of Appointment.--Each 
appointment under this section, unless expressly declined, is, without 
formal acceptance, regarded as accepted on the date such appointment is 
made, and a member so appointed is entitled to the pay and allowances 
of the grade of the temporary promotion under this section from the 
date the appointment is made.
    ``(f) Termination of Appointment.--Unless sooner terminated, an 
appointment under this section terminates--
        ``(1) on the date the officer who received the appointment is 
    promoted to the permanent grade of captain, major, lieutenant 
    colonel, or colonel in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, or 
    lieutenant, lieutenant commander, commander, or captain in the 
    Navy; or
        ``(2) on the date the officer is detached from a position 
    described in subsection (b)(2), unless the officer is on a 
    promotion list to the permanent grade of captain, major, lieutenant 
    colonel, or colonel in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, or 
    lieutenant, lieutenant commander, commander, or captain in the 
    Navy, in which case the appointment terminates on the date the 
    officer is promoted to that grade.
    ``(g) Limitation on Number of Eligible Positions.--An appointment 
under this section may only be made for service in a position 
designated by the Secretary of the military department concerned for 
the purposes of this section. The number of positions so designated may 
not exceed the following:
        ``(1) In the case of the Army--
            ``(A) as captain, 120;
            ``(B) as major, 350;
            ``(C) as lieutenant colonel, 200; and
            ``(D) as colonel, 100.
        ``(2) In the case of the Air Force--
            ``(A) as captain, 100;
            ``(B) as major, 325;
            ``(C) as lieutenant colonel, 175; and
            ``(D) as colonel, 80.
        ``(3) In the case of the Marine Corps--
            ``(A) as captain, 50;
            ``(B) as major, 175;
            ``(C) as lieutenant colonel, 100; and
            ``(D) as colonel, 50.
        ``(4) In the case of the Navy--
            ``(A) as lieutenant, 100;
            ``(B) as lieutenant commander, 325;
            ``(C) as commander, 175; and
            ``(D) as captain, 80.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 35 of such title is amended by adding at the end the 
    following new item:

``605. Promotion to certain grades for officers with critical skills: 
          colonel, lieutenant colonel, major, captain; captain, 
          commander, lieutenant commander, lieutenant.''.

    (b) Repeal of Superseded Authority Applicable to Navy 
Lieutenants.--
        (1) Repeal.--Chapter 544 of title 10, United States Code, is 
    repealed.
        (2) Clerical amendments.--The tables of chapters at the 
    beginning of title 10, United States Code, and at the beginning of 
    subtitle C of such title, are each amended by striking the item 
    relating to chapter 544.
    SEC. 504. AUTHORITY FOR PROMOTION BOARDS TO RECOMMEND OFFICERS OF 
      PARTICULAR MERIT BE PLACED HIGHER ON A PROMOTION LIST.
    (a) In General.--Section 616 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g)(1) In selecting the officers to be recommended for promotion, 
a selection board may, when authorized by the Secretary of the military 
department concerned, recommend officers of particular merit, from 
among those officers selected for promotion, to be placed higher on the 
promotion list established by the Secretary under section 624(a)(1) of 
this title.
    ``(2) An officer may be recommended to be placed higher on a 
promotion list under paragraph (1) only if the officer receives the 
recommendation of at least a majority of the members of the board, 
unless the Secretary concerned establishes an alternative requirement. 
Any such alternative requirement shall be furnished to the board as 
part of the guidelines furnished to the board under section 615 of this 
title.
    ``(3) For the officers recommended to be placed higher on a 
promotion list under paragraph (1), the board shall recommend the order 
in which those officers should be placed on the list.''.
    (b) Promotion Selection Board Reports Recommending Officers of 
Particular Merit Be Placed Higher on Promotion List.--Section 617 of 
such title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(d) A selection board convened under section 611(a) of this title 
shall, when authorized under section 616(g) of this title, include in 
its report to the Secretary concerned the names of those officers 
recommended by the board to be placed higher on the promotion list and 
the order in which the board recommends that those officers should be 
placed on the list.''.
    (c) Officers of Particular Merit Appearing Higher on Promotion 
List.--Section 624(a)(1) of such title is amended in the first sentence 
by adding at the end ``or based on particular merit, as determined by 
the promotion board''.
    SEC. 505. AUTHORITY FOR OFFICERS TO OPT OUT OF PROMOTION BOARD 
      CONSIDERATION.
    (a) Active-Duty List Officers.--Section 619 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(6) An officer excluded under subsection (e).''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Authority To Allow Officers To Opt Out of Selection Board 
Consideration.--(1) The Secretary of a military department may provide 
that an officer under the jurisdiction of the Secretary may, upon the 
officer's request and with the approval of the Secretary, be excluded 
from consideration by a selection board convened under section 611(a) 
of this title to consider officers for promotion to the next higher 
grade.
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned may only approve a request under 
paragraph (1) if--
        ``(A) the basis for the request is to allow an officer to 
    complete a broadening assignment, advanced education, another 
    assignment of significant value to the Department, or a career 
    progression requirement delayed by the assignment or education;
        ``(B) the Secretary determines the exclusion from consideration 
    is in the best interest of the military department concerned; and
        ``(C) the officer has not previously failed of selection for 
    promotion to the grade for which the officer requests the exclusion 
    from consideration.''.
    (b) Reserve Active-Status List Officers.--Section 14301 of such 
title is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Previously 
        Selected Officers Not Eligible'' and inserting ``Certain 
        Officers Not''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(6) An officer excluded under subsection (j).''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(j) Authority To Allow Officers To Opt Out of Selection Board 
Consideration.--(1) The Secretary of a military department may provide 
that an officer under the jurisdiction of the Secretary may, upon the 
officer's request and with the approval of the Secretary, be excluded 
from consideration by a selection board convened under section 14101(a) 
of this title to consider officers for promotion to the next higher 
grade.
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned may only approve a request under 
paragraph (1) if--
        ``(A) the basis for the request is to allow an officer to 
    complete a broadening assignment, advanced education, another 
    assignment of significant value to the Department, or a career 
    progression requirement delayed by the assignment or education;
        ``(B) the Secretary determines the exclusion from consideration 
    is in the best interest of the military department concerned; and
        ``(C) the officer has not previously failed of selection for 
    promotion to the grade for which the officer requests the exclusion 
    from consideration.''.
    SEC. 506. APPLICABILITY TO ADDITIONAL OFFICER GRADES OF AUTHORITY 
      FOR CONTINUATION ON ACTIVE DUTY OF OFFICERS IN CERTAIN MILITARY 
      SPECIALTIES AND CAREER TRACKS.
    Section 637a(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``grade O-4'' and inserting ``grade O-2''; and
        (2) by inserting ``632,'' before ``633,''.
    SEC. 507. ALTERNATIVE PROMOTION AUTHORITY FOR OFFICERS IN 
      DESIGNATED COMPETITIVE CATEGORIES OF OFFICERS.
    (a) Alternative Promotion Authority.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 36 of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended by adding at the end the following new subchapter:

   ``SUBCHAPTER VI--ALTERNATIVE PROMOTION AUTHORITY FOR OFFICERS IN 
                   DESIGNATED COMPETITIVE CATEGORIES

``Sec.
``649a. Officers in designated competitive categories.
``649b. Selection for promotion.
``649c. Eligibility for consideration for promotion.
``649d. Opportunities for consideration for promotion.
``649e. Promotions.
``649f. Failure of selection for promotion.
``649g. Retirement: retirement for years of service; selective early 
          retirement.
``649h. Continuation on active duty.
``649i. Continuation on active duty: officers in certain military 
          specialties and career tracks.
``649j. Other administrative authorities.
``649k. Regulations.

``Sec. 649a. Officers in designated competitive categories
    ``(a) Authority To Designate Competitive Categories of Officers.--
Each Secretary of a military department may designate one or more 
competitive categories for promotion of officers under section 621 of 
this title that are under the jurisdiction of such Secretary as a 
competitive category of officers whose promotion, retirement, and 
continuation on active duty shall be subject to the provisions of this 
subchapter.
    ``(b) Limitation on Exercise of Authority.--The Secretary of a 
military department may not designate a competitive category of 
officers for purposes of this subchapter until 60 days after the date 
on which the Secretary submits to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the designation 
of the competitive category. The report on the designation of a 
competitive category shall set forth the following:
        ``(1) A detailed description of officer requirements for 
    officers within the competitive category.
        ``(2) An explanation of the number of opportunities for 
    consideration for promotion to each particular grade, and an 
    estimate of promotion timing, within the competitive category.
        ``(3) An estimate of the size of the promotion zone for each 
    grade within the competitive category.
        ``(4) A description of any other matters the Secretary 
    considered in determining to designate the competitive category for 
    purposes of this subchapter.
``Sec. 649b. Selection for promotion
    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in this section, the 
selection for promotion of officers in any competitive category of 
officers designated for purposes of this subchapter shall be governed 
by the provisions of subchapter I of this chapter.
    ``(b) No Recommendation for Promotion of Officers Below Promotion 
Zone.--Section 616(b) of this title shall not apply to the selection 
for promotion of officers described in subsection (a).
    ``(c) Recommendation for Officers To Be Excluded From Future 
Consideration for Promotion.--In making recommendations pursuant to 
section 616 of this title for purposes of the administration of this 
subchapter, a selection board convened under section 611(a) of this 
title may recommend that an officer considered by the board be excluded 
from future consideration for promotion under this chapter.
``Sec. 649c. Eligibility for consideration for promotion
    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided by this section, eligibility 
for promotion of officers in any competitive category of officers 
designated for purposes of this subchapter shall be governed by the 
provisions of section 619 of this title.
    ``(b) Inapplicability of Certain Time-in-grade Requirements.--
Paragraphs (2) through (4) of section 619(a) of this title shall not 
apply to the promotion of officers described in subsection (a).
    ``(c) Inapplicability to Officers Above and Below Promotion Zone.--
The following provisions of section 619(c) of this title shall not 
apply to the promotion of officers described in subsection (a):
        ``(1) The reference in paragraph (1) of that section to an 
    officer above the promotion zone.
        ``(2) Paragraph (2)(A) of that section.
    ``(d) Ineligibility of Certain Officers.--The following officers 
are not eligible for promotion under this subchapter:
        ``(1) An officer described in section 619(d) of this title.
        ``(2) An officer not included within the promotion zone.
        ``(3) An officer who has failed of promotion to a higher grade 
    the maximum number of times specified for opportunities for 
    promotion for such grade within the competitive category concerned 
    pursuant to section 649d of this title.
        ``(4) An officer recommended by a selection board to be removed 
    from consideration for promotion in accordance with section 649b(c) 
    of this title.
``Sec. 649d. Opportunities for consideration for promotion
    ``(a) Specification of Number of Opportunities for Consideration 
for Promotion.--In designating a competitive category of officers 
pursuant to section 649a of this title, the Secretary of a military 
department shall specify the number of opportunities for consideration 
for promotion to be afforded officers of the armed force concerned 
within the category for promotion to each grade above the grade of 
first lieutenant or lieutenant (junior grade), as applicable.
    ``(b) Limited Authority of Secretary of Military Department to 
Modify Number of Opportunities.--The Secretary of a military department 
may modify the number of opportunities for consideration for promotion 
to be afforded officers of an armed force within a competitive category 
for promotion to a particular grade, as previously specified by the 
Secretary pursuant subsection (a) or this subsection, not more 
frequently than once every five years.
    ``(c) Discretionary Authority of Secretary of Defense to Modify 
Number of Opportunities.--The Secretary of Defense may modify the 
number of opportunities for consideration for promotion to be afforded 
officers of an armed force within a competitive category for promotion 
to a particular grade, as previously specified or modified pursuant to 
any provision of this section, at the discretion of the Secretary.
    ``(d) Limitation on Number of Opportunities Specified.--The number 
of opportunities for consideration for promotion to be afforded 
officers of an armed force within a competitive category for promotion 
to a particular grade, as specified or modified pursuant to any 
provision of this section, may not exceed five opportunities.
    ``(e) Effect of Certain Reduction in Number of Opportunities 
Specified.--If, by reason of a reduction in the number of opportunities 
for consideration for promotion under this section, an officer would no 
longer have one or more opportunities for consideration for promotion 
that were available to the officer before the reduction, the officer 
shall be afforded one additional opportunity for consideration for 
promotion after the reduction.
``Sec. 649e. Promotions
    ``Sections 620 through 626 of this title shall apply in promotions 
of officers in competitive categories of officers designated for 
purposes of this subchapter.
``Sec. 649f. Failure of selection for promotion
    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in this section, sections 627 
through 632 of this title shall apply to promotions of officers in 
competitive categories of officers designated for purposes of this 
subchapter.
    ``(b) Inapplicability of Failure of Selection for Promotion to 
Officers Above Promotion Zone.--The reference in section 627 of this 
title to an officer above the promotion zone shall not apply in the 
promotion of officers described in subsection (a).
    ``(c) Special Selection Board Matters.--The reference in section 
628(a)(1) of this title to a person above the promotion zone shall not 
apply in the promotion of officers described in subsection (a).
    ``(d) Effect of Failure of Selection.--In the administration of 
this subchapter pursuant to subsection (a)--
        ``(1) an officer described in subsection (a) shall not be 
    deemed to have failed twice of selection for promotion for purposes 
    of section 629(e)(2) of this title until the officer has failed 
    selection of promotion to the next higher grade the maximum number 
    of times specified for opportunities for promotion to such grade 
    within the competitive category concerned pursuant to section 649d 
    of this title; and
        ``(2) any reference in section 631(a) or 632(a) of this title 
    to an officer who has failed of selection for promotion to the next 
    higher grade for the second time shall be deemed to refer instead 
    to an officer described in subsection (a) who has failed of 
    selection for promotion to the next higher grade for the maximum 
    number of times specified for opportunities for promotion to such 
    grade within the competitive category concerned pursuant to such 
    section 649d.
``Sec. 649g. Retirement: retirement for years of service; selective 
    early retirement
    ``(a) Retirement for Years of Services.--Sections 633 through 636 
of this title shall apply to the retirement of officers in competitive 
categories of officers designated for purposes of this subchapter.
    ``(b) Selective Early Retirement.--Sections 638 and 638a of this 
title shall apply to the retirement of officers described in subsection 
(a).
``Sec. 649h. Continuation on active duty
    ``(a) In General.--An officer subject to discharge or retirement 
pursuant to this subchapter may, subject to the needs of the service, 
be continued on active duty if the officer is selected for continuation 
on active duty in accordance with this section by a selection board 
convened under section 611(b) of this title.
    ``(b) Identification of Positions for Officers Continued on Active 
Duty.--
        ``(1) In general.--Officers may be selected for continuation on 
    active duty pursuant to this section only for assignment to 
    positions identified by the Secretary of the military department 
    concerned for which vacancies exist or are anticipated to exist.
        ``(2) Identification.--Before convening a selection board 
    pursuant to section 611(b) of this title for purposes of selection 
    of officers for continuation on active duty pursuant to this 
    section, the Secretary of the military department concerned shall 
    specify for purposes of the board the positions identified by the 
    Secretary to which officers selected for continuation on active 
    duty may be assigned.
    ``(c) Recommendation for Continuation.--A selection board may 
recommend an officer for continuation on active duty pursuant to this 
section only if the board determines that the officer is qualified for 
assignment to one or more positions identified pursuant to subsection 
(b) on the basis of skills, knowledge, and behavior required of an 
officer to perform successfully in such position or positions.
    ``(d) Approval of Secretary of Military Department.--Continuation 
of an officer on active duty under this section pursuant to the action 
of a selection board is subject to the approval of the Secretary of the 
military department concerned.
    ``(e) Nonacceptance of Continuation.--An officer who is selected 
for continuation on active duty pursuant to this section, but who 
declines to continue on active duty, shall be discharged or retired, as 
appropriate, in accordance with section 632 of this title.
    ``(f) Period of Continuation.--
        ``(1) In general.--An officer continued on active duty pursuant 
    to this section shall remain on active duty, and serve in the 
    position to which assigned (or in another position to which 
    assigned with the approval of the Secretary of the military 
    department concerned), for a total of not more than three years 
    after the date of assignment to the position to which first so 
    assigned.
        ``(2) Additional continuation.--An officer whose continued 
    service pursuant to this section would otherwise expire pursuant to 
    paragraph (1) may be continued on active duty if selected for 
    continuation on active duty in accordance with this section before 
    the date of expiration pursuant to that paragraph.
    ``(g) Effect of Expiration of Continuation.--Each officer continued 
on active duty pursuant to this subsection who is not selected for 
continuation on active duty pursuant to subsection (f)(2) at the 
completion of the officer's term of continued service shall, unless 
sooner discharged or retired under another provision of law--
        ``(1) be discharged upon the expiration of the term of 
    continued service; or
        ``(2) if eligible for retirement under another other provision 
    of law, be retired under that law on the first day of the first 
    month following the month in which the officer completes the term 
    of continued service.
    ``(h) Treatment of Discharge or Retirement.--The discharge or 
retirement of an officer pursuant to this section shall be considered 
to be an involuntary discharge or retirement for purposes of any other 
provision of law.
``Sec. 649i. Continuation on active duty: officers in certain military 
    specialties and career tracks
    ``In addition to continuation on active duty provided for in 
section 649h of this title, an officer to whom section 637a of this 
title applies may be continued on active duty in accordance with the 
provisions of such section 637a.
``Sec. 649j. Other administrative authorities
    ``(a) In General.--The following provisions of this title shall 
apply to officers in competitive categories of officers designated for 
purposes of this subchapter:
        ``(1) Section 638b, relating to voluntary retirement 
    incentives.
        ``(2) Section 639, relating to continuation on active duty to 
    complete disciplinary action.
        ``(3) Section 640, relating to deferment of retirement or 
    separation for medical reasons.
``Sec. 649k. Regulations
    ``The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations regarding 
the administration of this subchapter. The elements of such regulations 
shall include mechanisms to clarify the manner in which provisions of 
other subchapters of this chapter shall be used in the administration 
of this subchapter in accordance with the provisions of this 
subchapter.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of subchapters at the 
    beginning of chapter 36 of such title is amended by adding at the 
    end the following new item:

``VI. Alternative Promotion Authority for Officers in Designated 
Competitive Categories...........................................649a''.

    (b) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in 
    consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments, 
    submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
    House of Representatives a report on the authorities in subchapter 
    VI of chapter 36 of title 10, United States Code (as added by 
    subsection (a)).
        (2) Elements.--The report shall include the following:
            (A) A detailed analysis and assessment of the manner in 
        which the exercise of the authorities in subchapter VI of 
        chapter 36 of title 10, United States Code (as so added), will 
        effect the career progression of commissioned officers in the 
        Armed Forces.
            (B) A description of the competitive categories of officers 
        that are anticipated to be designated as competitive categories 
        of officers for purposes of such authorities.
            (C) A plan for implementation of such authorities.
            (D) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
        action as the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate to 
        improve or enhance such authorities.
    SEC. 508. ATTENDING PHYSICIAN TO THE CONGRESS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 41 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting before section 716 the following new section:
``Sec. 715. Attending Physician to the Congress: grade
    ``A general officer serving as Attending Physician to the Congress, 
while so serving, holds the grade of major general. A flag officer 
serving as Attending Physician to the Congress, while so serving, holds 
the grade of rear admiral (upper half).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting before the item relating to 
section 716 the following new item:

``715. Attending Physician to the Congress: grade''.
    SEC. 509. MATTERS RELATING TO SATISFACTORY SERVICE IN GRADE FOR 
      PURPOSES OF RETIREMENT GRADE OF OFFICERS IN HIGHEST GRADE OF 
      SATISFACTORY SERVICE.
    (a) Conditional Determinations of Grade of Satisfactory Service.--
        (1) In general.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 1370 of title 10, 
    United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
    new sentences: ``When an officer is under investigation for alleged 
    misconduct at the time of retirement, the Secretary concerned may 
    conditionally determine the highest grade of satisfactory service 
    of the officer pending completion of the investigation. Such grade 
    is subject to resolution under subsection (b)(3).''.
        (2) Officers in o-9 and o-10 grades.--Subsection (c) of such 
    section is amended by adding at the end the following new 
    paragraph:
    ``(4) The Secretary of Defense may make a conditional certification 
regarding satisfactory service in grade under paragraph (1) with 
respect to an officer under that paragraph notwithstanding the fact 
that there is pending the disposition of an adverse personnel action 
against the officer for alleged misconduct. The retired grade of an 
officer following such a conditional certification is subject to 
resolution under subsection (b)(3).''.
        (3) Reserve officers.--Subsection (d)(1) of such section is 
    amended by adding at the end the following new sentences: ``When an 
    officer is under investigation for alleged misconduct at the time 
    of retirement, the Secretary concerned may conditionally determine 
    the highest grade of satisfactory service of the officer pending 
    completion of the investigation. Such grade is subject to 
    resolution under subsection (b)(3).''.
    (b) Codification of Lowered Grade for Retired Officers or Persons 
Who Committed Misconduct in a Lower Grade.--
        (1) In general.--Subsection (b) of such section is amended--
            (A) in the heading, by striking ``Next'';
            (B) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``An''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
    ``(2) In the case of an officer or person whom the Secretary 
concerned determines committed misconduct in a lower grade, the 
Secretary concerned may determine the officer or person has not served 
satisfactorily in any grade equal to or higher than that lower grade.
    ``(3) A determination or certification of the retired grade of an 
officer shall be resolved following a conditional determination under 
subsection (a)(1) or (d)(1) or conditional certification under 
subsection (c)(4), if the investigation of or personnel action against 
the officer, as applicable, results in adverse findings. If the retired 
grade of an officer is reduced, the retired pay of the officer under 
chapter 71 of this title shall be recalculated, and any modification of 
the retired pay of the officer shall go into effect on the effective 
date of the reduction in retired grade.''.
        (2) Conforming amendments.--Such section is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)(1)--
                (i) by striking ``higher'' and inserting ``different''; 
            and
                (ii) by striking ``except as provided in paragraph 
            (2)'' and inserting ``subject to paragraph (2) and 
            subsection (b)'';
            (B) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``An officer'' and 
        inserting ``Subject to subsection (b), an officer''; and
            (C) in subsection (d)(1)--
                (i) by striking ``higher'' each place it appears and 
            inserting ``different''; and
                (ii) by inserting ``, subject to subsection (b),'' 
            before ``shall''.
    (c) Finality of Retired Grade Determinations.--Such section is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Finality of Retired Grade Determinations.--(1) Except as 
otherwise provided by law, a determination or certification of the 
retired grade of an officer pursuant to this section is 
administratively final on the day the officer is retired, and may not 
be reopened.
    ``(2) A determination or certification of the retired grade of an 
officer may be reopened as follows:
        ``(A) If the retirement or retired grade of the officer was 
    procured by fraud.
        ``(B) If substantial evidence comes to light after the 
    retirement that could have led to a lower retired grade under this 
    section if known by competent authority at the time of retirement.
        ``(C) If a mistake of law or calculation was made in the 
    determination of the retired grade.
        ``(D) In the case of a retired grade following a conditional 
    determination under subsection (a)(1) or (d)(1) or conditional 
    certification under subsection (c)(4), if the investigation of or 
    personnel action against the officer, as applicable, results in 
    adverse findings.
        ``(E) If the Secretary concerned determines, pursuant to 
    regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, that good cause 
    exists to reopen the determination or certification.
    ``(3) If a determination or certification of the retired grade of 
an officer is reopened, the Secretary concerned--
        ``(A) shall notify the officer of the reopening; and
        ``(B) may not make an adverse determination on the retired 
    grade of the officer until the officer has had a reasonable 
    opportunity to respond regarding the basis of the reopening.
    ``(4) If a certification of the retired grade of an officer covered 
by subsection (c) is reopened, the Secretary concerned shall also 
notify the President and Congress of the reopening.
    ``(5) If the retired grade of an officer is reduced through the 
reopening of the officer's retired grade, the retired pay of the 
officer under chapter 71 of this title shall be recalculated, and any 
modification of the retired pay of the officer shall go into effect on 
the effective date of the reduction of the officer's retired grade.''.
    SEC. 510. GRADES OF CHIEFS OF CHAPLAINS.
    (a) Army.--Section 3073 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(a)'' before ``There''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b) The Chief of Chaplains, while so serving, holds the grade of 
major general.''.
    (b) Navy.--Section 5142 of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) The Chief of Chaplains, while so serving, holds the grade of 
rear admiral (upper half).''.
    (c) Air Force.--Section 8039 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Grade of Chief of Chaplains.--The Chief of Chaplains, while 
so serving, holds the grade of major general.''.
    SEC. 511. REPEAL OF ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT QUALIFICATION REQUIREMENT 
      FOR WARRANT OFFICERS IN THE REGULAR ARMY.
    (a) In General.--Section 3310 of title 10, United States Code, is 
repealed.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 335 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 3310.
    SEC. 512. REDUCTION IN NUMBER OF YEARS OF ACTIVE NAVAL SERVICE 
      REQUIRED FOR PERMANENT APPOINTMENT AS A LIMITED DUTY OFFICER.
    Section 5589(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``10 years'' and inserting ``8 years''.
    SEC. 513. AUTHORITY TO DESIGNATE CERTAIN RESERVE OFFICERS AS NOT TO 
      BE CONSIDERED FOR SELECTION FOR PROMOTION.
    Section 14301 of title 10, United States Code, as amended by 
section 505, is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(k) Certain Officers Not to Be Considered for Selection for 
Promotion.--The Secretary of the military department concerned may 
provide that an officer who is in an active status, but is in a duty 
status in which the only points the officer accrues under section 
12732(a)(2) of this title are pursuant to subparagraph (C)(i) of that 
section (relating to membership in a reserve component), shall not be 
considered for selection for promotion until completion of two years of 
service in such duty status. Any such officer may remain on the reserve 
active-status list.''.
    SEC. 514. GAO REVIEW OF SURFACE WARFARE CAREER PATHS.
    (a) GAO Review.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a review of Navy surface warfare career paths.
    (b) Elements.--The review under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
        (1) A description of current and previous career paths for 
    officers in the regular and reserve components of the Navy that are 
    related to surface warfare, including career paths for--
            (A) unrestricted line officers;
            (B) limited duty officers;
            (C) engineering duty officers; and
            (D) warrant officers.
        (2) Any prior study that examined career paths described in 
    paragraph (1).
        (3) The current and historical personnel levels (fit/fill 
    rates) and deployment tempos aboard naval vessels for each of the 
    career paths described in paragraph (1).
        (4) A comparison of the career paths of surface warfare 
    officers with the career paths of surface warfare officers of 
    foreign navies including--
            (A) initial training;
            (B) follow-on training;
            (C) career milestones;
            (D) qualification standards; and
            (E) watch standing requirements.
        (5) Any other matter the Comptroller General determines 
    appropriate.
    (c) Deadlines.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the Comptroller 
General shall brief the congressional defense committees on the 
preliminary findings of the study under this section. The Comptroller 
General shall submit a final report to the congressional defense 
committees as soon as practicable after such briefing.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

    SEC. 515. AUTHORIZED STRENGTH AND DISTRIBUTION IN GRADE.
    (a) Strength and Grade Authorizations.--Section 12011(a) of title 
10, United States Code is amended by striking those parts of the table 
pertaining to the Air National Guard and inserting the following:

 
     ``Air National Guard:
 
                                               Lieutenant
                                    Major        Colonel       Colonel
 
10,000........................  763           745           333
12,000........................  915           923           377
14,000........................  1,065         1,057         402
16,000........................  1,211         1,185         426
18,000........................  1,347         1,313         450
20,000........................  1,463         1,440         468
22,000........................  1,606         1,569         494
24,000........................  1,739         1,697         517
26,000........................  1,872         1,825         539
28,000........................  2,005         1,954         562
30,000........................  2,138         2,082         585
32,000........................  2,271         2,210         608
34,000........................  2,404         2,338         630
36,000........................  2,537         2,466         653
38,000........................  2,670         2,595         676
40,000........................  2,803         2,723         698''.
 


    (b) Strength and Grade Authorizations.--Section 12012(a) of title 
10, United States Code is amended by striking those parts of the table 
pertaining to the Air National Guard and inserting the following:

 
       ``Air National Guard:
 
                                           E-8                E-9
 
10,000............................  1,350              550
12,000............................  1,466              594
14,000............................  1,582              636
16,000............................  1,698              676
18,000............................  1,814              714
20,000............................  1,930              752
22,000............................  2,046              790
24,000............................  2,162              828
26,000............................  2,278              866
28,000............................  2,394              904
30,000............................  2,510              942
32,000............................  2,626              980
34,000............................  2,742              1,018
36,000............................  2,858              1,056
38,000............................  2,974              1,094
40,000............................  3,090              1,132''.
 


    SEC. 516. REPEAL OF PROHIBITION ON SERVICE ON ARMY RESERVE FORCES 
      POLICY COMMITTEE BY MEMBERS ON ACTIVE DUTY.
    Section 10302 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``not on active duty'' each 
    place it appears; and
        (2) in subsection (c)--
            (A) by inserting ``of the reserve components'' after 
        ``among the members''; and
            (B) by striking ``not on active duty''.
    SEC. 517. EXPANSION OF PERSONNEL SUBJECT TO AUTHORITY OF THE CHIEF 
      OF THE NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU IN THE EXECUTION OF FUNCTIONS AND 
      MISSIONS OF THE NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU.
    Section 10508(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``sections 2103,'' and all that follows through ``of title 
32,'' and inserting ``sections 2102, 2103, 2105, and 3101 of title 5, 
subchapter IV of chapter 53 of title 5, or section 328 of title 32,''.
    SEC. 518. AUTHORITY TO ADJUST EFFECTIVE DATE OF PROMOTION IN THE 
      EVENT OF UNDUE DELAY IN EXTENDING FEDERAL RECOGNITION OF 
      PROMOTION.
    (a) In General.--Section 14308(f) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The effective date of 
    promotion''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) If the Secretary concerned determines that there was an undue 
delay in extending Federal recognition in the next higher grade in the 
Army National Guard or the Air National Guard to a reserve commissioned 
officer of the Army or the Air Force, and the delay was not 
attributable to the action (or inaction) of such officer, the effective 
date of the promotion concerned under paragraph (1) may be adjusted to 
a date determined by the Secretary concerned, but not earlier than the 
effective date of the State promotion.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply 
with respect to promotions of officers whose State effective date is on 
or after that date.
    SEC. 519. NATIONAL GUARD YOUTH CHALLENGE PROGRAM.
    Section 509(h) of title 32, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
    paragraph:
    ``(2) Equipment and facilities of the Department of Defense may be 
used by the National Guard for purposes of carrying out the Program.''.
    SEC. 520. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR PILOT PROGRAM ON USE OF 
      RETIRED SENIOR ENLISTED MEMBERS OF THE ARMY NATIONAL GUARD AS 
      ARMY NATIONAL GUARD RECRUITERS.
    Section 514 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (d), by striking ``2020'' and inserting 
    ``2021''; and
        (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``2019'' and inserting 
    ``2020''.

  Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                Records

    SEC. 521. ENLISTMENTS VITAL TO THE NATIONAL INTEREST.
    (a) In General.--Section 504(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) by inserting ``and subject to paragraph (3),'' after 
        ``Notwithstanding paragraph (1),'';
            (B) by striking ``enlistment is vital to the national 
        interest.'' and inserting ``person possesses a critical skill 
        or expertise--''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
        ``(A) that is vital to the national interest; and
        ``(B) that the person will use in the primary daily duties of 
    that person as a member of the armed forces.''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph (3):
    ``(3)(A) No person who enlists under paragraph (2) may report to 
initial training until after the Secretary concerned has completed all 
required background investigations and security and suitability 
screening as determined by the Secretary of Defense regarding that 
person.
    ``(B) A Secretary concerned may not authorize more than 1,000 
enlistments under paragraph (2) per military department in a calendar 
year until after--
        ``(i) the Secretary of Defense submits to Congress written 
    notice of the intent of that Secretary concerned to authorize more 
    than 1,000 such enlistments in a calendar year; and
        ``(ii) a period of 30 days has elapsed after the date on which 
    Congress receives the notice.''.
    (b) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2019, and annually 
    thereafter for each of the subsequent four years, the Secretary 
    concerned shall submit a report to the Committees on Armed Services 
    and the Judiciary of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
    regarding persons who enter into enlistment contracts under section 
    504(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code, as amended by subsection 
    (a).
        (2) Elements.--Each report under this subsection shall include 
    the following:
            (A) The number of such persons who have entered into such 
        contracts during the preceding calendar year.
            (B) How many such persons have successfully completed 
        background investigations and vetting procedures.
            (C) How many such persons have begun initial training.
            (D) The skills that are vital to the national interest that 
        such persons possess.
    SEC. 522. STATEMENT OF BENEFITS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 58 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 1155. Statement of benefits
    ``(a) Before Separation.--Not later than 30 days before a member 
retires, is released, is discharged, or otherwise separates from the 
armed forces (or as soon as is practicable in the case of an 
unanticipated separation), the Secretary concerned shall provide that 
member with a current assessment of all benefits to which that member 
may be entitled under laws administered by--
        ``(1) the Secretary of Defense; and
        ``(2) the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
    ``(b) Statement for Reserves.--The Secretary concerned shall 
provide a member of a reserve component with a current assessment of 
benefits described in subsection (a) upon release of that member from 
active duty.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
1154 the following new item:

``1155. Statement of benefits.''.
    SEC. 523. MODIFICATION TO FORMS OF SUPPORT THAT MAY BE ACCEPTED IN 
      SUPPORT OF THE MISSION OF THE DEFENSE POW/MIA ACCOUNTING AGENCY.
    (a) Public-Private Partnerships.--Subsection (a) of section 1501a 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new sentence: ``An employee of an entity outside the 
Government that has entered into a public-private partnership, 
cooperative agreement, or a grant arrangement with, or in direct 
support of, the designated Defense Agency under this section shall be 
considered to be an employee of the Federal Government by reason of 
participation in such partnership, cooperative agreement, or grant, 
only for the purposes of section 552a of title 5 (relating to 
maintenance of records on individuals).''.
    (b) Authority to Accept Gifts in Support of Mission to Account for 
Missing Persons From Past Conflicts.--Such section is further amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsections (f) 
    and (g), respectively;
        (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
    subsection (e):
    ``(e) Acceptance of Gifts.--
        ``(1) Authority to accept.--Subject to subsection (f)(2), the 
    Secretary may accept, hold, administer, spend, and use any gift of 
    personal property, money, or services made on the condition that 
    the gift be used for the purpose of facilitating accounting for 
    missing persons pursuant to section 1501(a)(2)(C) of this title.
        ``(2) Gift funds.--Gifts and bequests of money accepted under 
    this subsection shall be deposited in the Treasury in the 
    Department of Defense General Gift Fund.
        ``(3) Use of gifts.--Personal property and money accepted under 
    this subsection may be used by the Secretary, and services accepted 
    under this subsection may be performed, without further specific 
    authorization in law.
        ``(4) Expenses of transfer.--The Secretary may pay all 
    necessary expenses in connection with the conveyance or transfer of 
    a gift accepted under this subsection.
        ``(5) Expenses of care.--The Secretary may pay all reasonable 
    and necessary expenses in connection with the care of a gift 
    accepted under this subsection.''; and
        (3) by adding at the end of subsection (g), as redesignated by 
    paragraph (1) of this subsection, the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) Gift.--The term `gift' includes a devise or bequest.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Subsection (a) of such section is 
further amended by striking ``subsection (e)(1)'' and inserting 
``subsection (f)(1)''.
    SEC. 524. ASSESSMENT OF NAVY STANDARD WORKWEEK AND RELATED 
      ADJUSTMENTS.
    (a) Assessment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall--
        (1) complete a comprehensive assessment of the standard 
    workweek of the Navy;
        (2) carry out the activities required under subsections (b) and 
    (c).
    (b) Adjustments.--The Secretary of the Navy shall--
        (1) update instruction 1000.16L of the Office of the Chief of 
    Naval Operations titled ``Navy Total Force Manpower Policies and 
    Procedures'' in order to--
            (A) analyze and quantify current in-port workloads; and
            (B) based on the analysis carried out pursuant to 
        subparagraph (A), identify the manpower necessary to execute 
        in-port workloads for all surface ship classes;
        (2) update the criteria set forth in the instruction that are 
    used to reassess the factors for calculating manpower requirements 
    periodically or when conditions change; and
        (3) taking into account the updates required by paragraphs (1) 
    and (2), identify personnel needs and costs associated with the 
    planned larger size of the Navy fleet.
    (c) Added Demands.--The Secretary of the Navy shall identify and 
quantify any increased or new requirements with respect to Navy ship 
crews, including Ready, Relevant Learning training periods and 
additional work that affects readiness and technical qualifications for 
Navy ship crews.
    SEC. 525. NOTIFICATION ON MANNING OF AFLOAT NAVAL FORCES.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy shall notify the 
congressional defense committees, in writing, not later than 15 days 
after any of the following conditions are met:
        (1) The manning fit for a covered ship is less than 87 percent.
        (2) The manning fill for a covered ship is less than 90 
    percent.
    (b) Notification Required.--The notification required by subsection 
(a) shall include, with respect to a covered ship, the following:
        (1) The name and hull number of the ship.
        (2) The homeport location of the ship.
        (3) The current manning fit and fill of the ship.
        (4) The lowest levels of manning fit and fill projected for the 
    ship and the date on which such levels are expected to occur.
        (5) The projected date on which the Navy will achieve a manning 
    fit and fill at least 87 percent and 90 percent, respectively, for 
    the ship.
        (6) The projected date on which the Navy will achieve a manning 
    fit and fill of at least 92 percent and 95 percent, respectively, 
    for the ship.
        (7) A description of any reasons the Navy will not achieve 
    manning fit and fill of at least 87 percent and 90 percent, 
    respectively, for the ship, including a detailed description of the 
    specific ratings or skillset areas that must be manned to achieve 
    those percentages.
        (8) A description of corrective actions the Navy is taking to 
    improve manning fit or manning fill on the ship.
    (c) Special Rule.--For purposes of determining whether a percentage 
of manning fit or manning fill has been achieved, a sailor in a more 
senior paygrade may count as filling the billet of a more junior 
paygrade, but a sailor in a more junior paygrade may not count as 
filling the billet of a more senior paygrade.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Manning fit.--The term ``manning fit'' means the skills 
    (rating), specialty skills (Navy Enlisted Classifications), and 
    experience (paygrade) for the ship as compared with the billets 
    authorized for such skills and experience.
        (2) Manning fill.--The term ``manning fill'', in the case of a 
    ship, means the total number of military personnel assigned to the 
    ship by rating when compared with the billets authorized for the 
    ship by rating.
        (3) Covered ship.--The term ``covered ship'' means a 
    commissioned battle force ship that is included in the battle force 
    count of the Naval Vessel Register.
    SEC. 526. NAVY WATCHSTANDER RECORDS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy shall require that, 
commencing not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, key watchstanders on Navy surface ships shall maintain a 
career record of watchstanding hours and specific operational 
evolutions.
    (b) Key Watchstander Defined.--In this section, the term ``key 
watchstander'' means each of the following:
        (1) Officer of the Deck.
        (2) Engineering Officer of the Watch.
        (3) Conning Officer or Piloting Officer.
        (4) Any other officer specified by the Secretary for purposes 
    of this section.
    (c) Briefings of Congress.--
        (1) Initial briefing.--Not later than 150 days after the date 
    of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives a briefing on the plan of the Secretary for the 
    maintenance of watchstander records, including updates to policy 
    documents.
        (2) Update briefings.--Not later than one year after the 
    briefing pursuant to paragraph (1), and annually thereafter for the 
    next two years, the Secretary shall provide to the committees of 
    Congress referred to in that paragraph an update briefing on the 
    status of the implementation of the plan described in that 
    paragraph.
    SEC. 527. QUALIFICATION EXPERIENCE REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN NAVY 
      WATCHSTATIONS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date the of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the adequacy of individual training for 
certain watchstations, including any planned or recommended changes in 
qualification standards for such watchstations.
    (b) Watchstations.--The watchstations covered by the report 
required by subsection (a) are the following:
        (1) Officer of the Deck.
        (2) Combat Information Center Watch Officer.
        (3) Tactical Action Officer.
        (4) Engineering Officer of the Watch.
        (5) Conning Officer or Piloting Officer.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

    SEC. 531. INCLUSION OF STRANGULATION AND SUFFOCATION IN CONDUCT 
      CONSTITUTING AGGRAVATED ASSAULT FOR PURPOSES OF THE UNIFORM CODE 
      OF MILITARY JUSTICE.
    (a) In General.--Subsection (b) of section 928 of title 10, United 
States Code (article 128 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or'' at the end;
        (2) in paragraph (2), by adding ``or'' after the semicolon; and
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(3) who commits an assault by strangulation or 
    suffocation;''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on January 1, 2019, immediately after the coming into 
effect of the amendment made by section 5441 of the Military Justice 
Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2954) as 
provided in section 5542 of that Act (130 Stat. 2967; 10 U.S.C. 801 
note).
    SEC. 532. PUNITIVE ARTICLE ON DOMESTIC VIOLENCE UNDER THE UNIFORM 
      CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE.
    (a) Punitive Article.--
        (1) In general.--Subchapter X of chapter 47 of title 10, United 
    States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended by 
    inserting after section 928a (article 128a) the following new 
    section (article):
``Sec. 928b. Art. 128b.
    ``Any person who--
        ``(1) commits a violent offense against a spouse, an intimate 
    partner, or an immediate family member of that person;
        ``(2) with intent to threaten or intimidate a spouse, an 
    intimate partner, or an immediate family member of that person--
            ``(A) commits an offense under this chapter against any 
        person; or
            ``(B) commits an offense under this chapter against any 
        property, including an animal;
        ``(3) with intent to threaten or intimidate a spouse, an 
    intimate partner, or an immediate family member of that person, 
    violates a protection order;
        ``(4) with intent to commit a violent offense against a spouse, 
    an intimate partner, or an immediate family member of that person, 
    violates a protection order; or
        ``(5) assaults a spouse, an intimate partner, or an immediate 
    family member of that person by strangling or suffocating;
shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of subchapter X of chapter 47 of such title (the Uniform Code of 
    Military Justice) is amended by inserting after the item relating 
    to section 928a (article 128a) the following new item:

``928b. 128b. Domestic violence.''.

    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on January 1, 2019, immediately after the coming into effect of 
the amendments made by the Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of 
Public Law 114-328) as provided in section 5542 of that Act (130 Stat. 
2967; 10 U.S.C. 801 note).
    SEC. 533. AUTHORITIES OF DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON 
      INVESTIGATION, PROSECUTION, AND DEFENSE OF SEXUAL ASSAULT IN THE 
      ARMED FORCES.
    Section 546 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (10 U.S.C. 1561 
note) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections (e) 
    and (f), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
    subsection (d):
    ``(d) Authorities.--
        ``(1) Hearings.--The Advisory Committee may hold such hearings, 
    sit and act at such times and places, take such testimony, and 
    receive such evidence as the committee considers appropriate to 
    carry out its duties under this section.
        ``(2) Information from federal agencies.--Upon request by the 
    chair of the Advisory Committee, a department or agency of the 
    Federal Government shall provide information that the Advisory 
    Committee considers necessary to carry out its duties under this 
    section. In carrying out this paragraph, the department or agency 
    shall take steps to prevent the unauthorized disclosure of 
    personally identifiable information.''.
    SEC. 534. REPORT ON FEASIBILITY OF EXPANDING SERVICES OF THE 
      SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL TO VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the 
Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of the 
military departments, shall submit a report to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives regarding the 
feasibility and advisability of expanding eligibility for the Special 
Victims' Counsel programs under section 1044e of title 10, United 
States Code (hereinafter referred to as ``the SVC programs''), to 
include victims of domestic violence.
    (b) Elements.--The report under this section shall include the 
following:
        (1) The current workload of the SVC programs.
        (2) An analysis of the current personnel authorizations for the 
    SVC programs.
        (3) The optimal personnel levels for the SVC programs.
        (4) An analysis of the effects that the expansion described in 
    subsection (a) would have on the SVC programs, including--
            (A) the estimated increase in workload;
            (B) the estimated number of additional personnel that would 
        be required to accommodate such increase; and
            (C) the ability of the military departments to fill any 
        additionally authorized billets for SVC programs with qualified 
        judge advocates who possess military justice experience.
    SEC. 535. UNIFORM COMMAND ACTION FORM ON DISPOSITION OF 
      UNRESTRICTED SEXUAL ASSAULT CASES INVOLVING MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
      FORCES.
    The Secretary of Defense shall establish a uniform command action 
form, applicable across the Armed Forces, for reporting the final 
disposition of cases of sexual assault in which--
        (1) the alleged offender is a member of the Armed Forces; and
        (2) the victim files an unrestricted report on the alleged 
    assault.
    SEC. 536. STANDARDIZATION OF POLICIES RELATED TO EXPEDITED TRANSFER 
      IN CASES OF SEXUAL ASSAULT OR DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.
    (a) Policies for Members.--The Secretary of Defense shall modify, 
in accordance with section 673 of title 10, United States Code, all 
policies that the Secretary determines necessary to establish a 
standardized expedited transfer process for a member of the Army, Navy, 
Air Force, or Marine Corps who is the alleged victim of--
        (1) sexual assault (regardless of whether the case is handled 
    under the Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Program or Family 
    Advocacy Program); or
        (2) physical domestic violence (as defined by the Secretary in 
    regulations prescribed under this section) committed by the spouse 
    or intimate partner of the member, regardless of whether the spouse 
    or intimate partner is a member of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Policy for Dependents of Members.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall establish a policy to allow the transfer of a member of the Army, 
Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps whose dependent is the victim of 
sexual assault perpetrated by a member of the Armed Forces who is not 
related to the victim.

                    Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

    SEC. 541. CLARIFICATION OF EXPIRATION OF TERM OF APPELLATE MILITARY 
      JUDGES OF THE UNITED STATES COURT OF MILITARY COMMISSION REVIEW.
    (a) In General.--Section 950f(b) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(6) The term of an appellate military judge assigned to the Court 
under paragraph (2) or appointed to the Court under paragraph (3) shall 
expire on the earlier of the date on which--
        ``(A) the judge leaves active duty; or
        ``(B) the judge is reassigned to other duties in accordance 
    with section 949b(b)(4) of this title.''.
    (b) Applicability.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
apply to each judge of the United States Court of Military Commission 
Review serving on that court on the date of the enactment of this Act 
and each judge assigned or appointed to that court on or after such 
date.
    SEC. 542. SECURITY CLEARANCE REINVESTIGATION OF CERTAIN PERSONNEL 
      WHO COMMIT CERTAIN OFFENSES.
    Section 1564 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), (e), and (f) as 
    subsection (d), (e), (f), and (g), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
    subsection (c):
    ``(c) Reinvestigation or Readjudication of Certain Individuals.--
(1) The Secretary of Defense shall conduct an investigation or 
adjudication under subsection (a) of any individual described in 
paragraph (2) upon--
        ``(A) conviction of that individual by a court of competent 
    jurisdiction for--
            ``(i) sexual assault;
            ``(ii) sexual harassment;
            ``(iii) fraud against the United States; or
            ``(iv) any other violation that the Secretary determines 
        renders that individual susceptible to blackmail or raises 
        serious concern regarding the ability of that individual to 
        hold a security clearance; or
        ``(B) determination by a commanding officer that that 
    individual has committed an offense described in subparagraph (A).
    ``(2) An individual described in this paragraph in an individual 
who has a security clearance and is--
        ``(A) a flag officer;
        ``(B) a general officer; or
        ``(C) an employee of the Department of Defense in the Senior 
    Executive Service.
    ``(3) The Secretary shall ensure that relevant information on the 
conviction or determination described in paragraph (1) of an individual 
described in paragraph (2) during the preceding year, regardless of 
whether the individual has retired or resigned or has been discharged, 
released, or otherwise separated from the armed forces, is reported 
into Federal law enforcement records and security clearance databases, 
and that such information is transmitted, as appropriate, to other 
Federal agencies.
    ``(4) In this subsection:
        ``(A) The term `sexual assault' includes rape, sexual assault, 
    forcible sodomy, aggravated sexual contact, abusive sexual contact, 
    and attempts to commit such offenses, as those terms are defined in 
    chapter 47 of this title (the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
        ``(B) The term `sexual harassment' has the meaning given that 
    term in section 1561 of this title.
        ``(C) The term `fraud against the United States' means a 
    violation of section 932 of this title (article 132 of the Uniform 
    Code of Military Justice).''.
    SEC. 543. DEVELOPMENT OF OVERSIGHT PLAN FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE HARASSMENT PREVENTION AND RESPONSE POLICY.
    (a) Development.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a plan for 
overseeing the implementation of the instruction titled ``Harassment 
Prevention and Response in the Armed Forces'', published on February 8, 
2018 (DODI-1020.03).
    (b) Elements.--The plan under subsection (a) shall require the 
military services and other components of the Department of Defense to 
take steps by certain dates to implement harassment prevention and 
response programs under such instruction, including no less than the 
following:
        (1) Submitting implementation plans to the Director, Force 
    Resiliency.
        (2) Incorporating performance measures that assess the 
    effectiveness of harassment prevention and response programs.
        (3) Adopting compliance standards for promoting, supporting, 
    and enforcing policies, plans, and programs.
        (4) Tracking, collecting, and reporting data and information on 
    sexual harassment incidents based on standards established by the 
    Secretary.
        (5) Instituting anonymous complaint mechanisms.
    (c) Report.--Not later than July 1, 2019, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a report on the oversight plan developed under this 
section. The report shall include, for each military service and 
component of the Department of Defense, the implementation status of 
each element of the oversight plan.
    SEC. 544. OVERSIGHT OF REGISTERED SEX OFFENDER MANAGEMENT PROGRAM.
    (a) Designation of Official or Entity.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall designate a single official or existing entity within the Office 
of the Secretary of Defense to serve as the official or entity (as the 
case may be) with principal responsibility in the Department of Defense 
for providing oversight of the registered sex offender management 
program of the Department.
    (b) Duties.--The official or entity designated under subsection (a) 
shall--
        (1) monitor compliance with Department of Defense Instruction 
    5525.20 and other relevant polices;
        (2) compile data on members serving in the military departments 
    who have been convicted of a qualifying sex offense, including data 
    on the sex offender registration status of each such member;
        (3) maintain statistics on the total number of active duty 
    service members in each military department who are required to 
    register as sex offenders; and
        (4) perform such other duties as the Secretary of Defense 
    determines to be appropriate.
    (c) Briefing Required.--Not later than June 1, 2019, the Secretary 
of Defense shall provide to the Committee on Armed Services of the 
House of Representatives a briefing on--
        (1) the compliance of the military departments with the 
    policies of the Department of Defense relating to registered sex 
    offenders;
        (2) the results of the data compilation described in subsection 
    (b)(2); and
        (3) any other matters the Secretary determines to be 
    appropriate.
    (d) Military Departments Defined.--In this section, the term 
``military departments'' has the meaning given that term in section 
101(a)(8) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 545. DEVELOPMENT OF RESOURCE GUIDES REGARDING SEXUAL ASSAULT 
      FOR THE MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMIES.
    (a) Development.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, each Superintendent of a military service 
academy shall develop and maintain a resource guide for students at the 
respective military service academies regarding sexual assault.
    (b) Elements.--Each guide developed under this section shall 
include the following information with regards to the relevant military 
service academy:
        (1) Process overview and definitions.--
            (A) An explanation of prohibited conduct, including 
        examples.
            (B) An explanation of consent.
            (C) Victims' rights.
            (D) Clearly described complaint process, including to whom 
        a complaint may be filed.
            (E) Explanations of restricted and unrestricted reporting.
            (F) List of mandatory reporters.
            (G) Protections from retaliation.
            (H) Assurance that leadership will take appropriate 
        corrective action.
            (I) References to specific policies.
            (J) Resources for survivors.
        (2) Emergency services.--
            (A) Contact information.
            (B) Location.
        (3) Support and counseling.--Contact information for the 
    following support and counseling resources:
            (A) The Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Victim 
        Advocate or other equivalent advocate or counselor available to 
        students in cases of sexual assault.
            (B) The Sexual Harassment/Assault Response and Prevention 
        Resource Program Center.
            (C) Peer counseling.
            (D) Medical care.
            (E) Legal counsel.
            (F) Hotlines.
            (G) Chaplain or other spiritual representatives.
    (c) Distribution.--Each Superintendent shall provide the current 
guide developed by that Superintendent under this section--
        (1) not later than 30 days after completing development under 
    subsection (a) to each student who is enrolled at the military 
    service academy of that Superintendent on the date of the enactment 
    of this Act;
        (2) at the beginning of each academic year after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act to each student who enrolls at the 
    military service academy of that Superintendent; and
        (3) as soon as practicable to a student at the military service 
    academy of that Superintendent who reports that such student is a 
    victim of sexual assault.
    SEC. 546. IMPROVED CRIME REPORTING.
    (a) Tracking Process.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
with the secretaries of the military departments, shall establish a 
consolidated tracking process for the Department of Defense to ensure 
increased oversight of the timely submission of crime reporting data to 
the Federal Bureau of Investigation under section 922(g) of title 18, 
United States Code, and Department of Defense Instruction 5505.11, 
``Fingerprint Card and Final Disposition Report Submission 
Requirements''. The tracking process shall, to the maximum extent 
possible, standardize and automate reporting and increase the ability 
of the Department to track such submissions.
    (b) Letter Required.--Not later than July 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit a letter to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and House of Representatives that details the tracking 
process under subsection (a).
    SEC. 547. REPORT ON VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT IN REPORTS OF 
      MILITARY CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIVE ORGANIZATIONS.
    (a) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2019, and not less 
frequently than once every two years thereafter, the Secretary of 
Defense, acting through the Defense Advisory Committee on 
Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed 
Forces shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
that includes, with respect to the period of two years preceding the 
date of the submittal of the report, the following:
        (1) The number of instances in which a covered individual was 
    accused of misconduct or crimes considered collateral to the 
    investigation of a sexual assault committed against the individual.
        (2) The number of instances in which adverse action was taken 
    against a covered individual who was accused of collateral 
    misconduct or crimes as described in paragraph (1).
        (3) The percentage of investigations of sexual assaults that 
    involved an accusation or adverse action against a covered 
    individual as described in paragraphs (1) and (2).
    (b) Covered Individual Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered individual'' means an individual who is identified as a 
victim of a sexual assault in the case files of a military criminal 
investigative organization.

   Subtitle F--Member Education, Training, Resilience, and Transition

    SEC. 551. PERMANENT CAREER INTERMISSION PROGRAM.
    (a) Codification and Permanent Authority.--Chapter 40 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
section 710:
``Sec. 710. Career flexibility to enhance retention of members
    ``(a) Programs Authorized.--Each Secretary of a military department 
may carry out programs under which members of the regular components 
and members on Active Guard and Reserve duty of the armed forces under 
the jurisdiction of such Secretary may be inactivated from active 
service in order to meet personal or professional needs and returned to 
active service at the end of such period of inactivation from active 
service.
    ``(b) Period of Inactivation From Active Service; Effect of 
Inactivation.--(1) The period of inactivation from active service under 
a program under this section of a member participating in the program 
shall be such period as the Secretary of the military department 
concerned shall specify in the agreement of the member under subsection 
(c), except that such period may not exceed three years.
    ``(2) Any service by a Reserve officer while participating in a 
program under this section shall be excluded from computation of the 
total years of service of that officer pursuant to section 14706(a) of 
this title.
    ``(3) Any period of participation of a member in a program under 
this section shall not count toward--
        ``(A) eligibility for retirement or transfer to the Ready 
    Reserve under either chapter 571 or 1223 of this title; or
        ``(B) computation of retired or retainer pay under chapter 71 
    or 1223 of this title.
    ``(c) Agreement.--Each member of the armed forces who participates 
in a program under this section shall enter into a written agreement 
with the Secretary of the military department concerned under which 
agreement that member shall agree as follows:
        ``(1) To accept an appointment or enlist, as applicable, and 
    serve in the Ready Reserve of the armed force concerned during the 
    period of the inactivation of the member from active service under 
    the program.
        ``(2) To undergo during the period of the inactivation of the 
    member from active service under the program such inactive service 
    training as the Secretary concerned shall require in order to 
    ensure that the member retains proficiency, at a level determined 
    by the Secretary concerned to be sufficient, in the military 
    skills, professional qualifications, and physical readiness of the 
    member during the inactivation of the member from active service.
        ``(3) Following completion of the period of the inactivation of 
    the member from active service under the program, to serve two 
    months as a member of the armed forces on active service for each 
    month of the period of the inactivation of the member from active 
    service under the program.
    ``(d) Conditions of Release.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
prescribe regulations specifying the guidelines regarding the 
conditions of release that must be considered and addressed in the 
agreement required by subsection (c). At a minimum, the Secretary shall 
prescribe the procedures and standards to be used to instruct a member 
on the obligations to be assumed by the member under paragraph (2) of 
such subsection while the member is released from active service.
    ``(e) Order to Active Service.--Under regulations prescribed by the 
Secretary of the military department concerned, a member of the armed 
forces participating in a program under this section may, in the 
discretion of such Secretary, be required to terminate participation in 
the program and be ordered to active service.
    ``(f) Pay and Allowances.--(1) During each month of participation 
in a program under this section, a member who participates in the 
program shall be paid basic pay in an amount equal to two-thirtieths of 
the amount of monthly basic pay to which the member would otherwise be 
entitled under section 204 of title 37 as a member of the uniformed 
services on active service in the grade and years of service of the 
member when the member commences participation in the program.
    ``(2)(A) A member who participates in a program shall not, while 
participating in the program, be paid any special or incentive pay or 
bonus to which the member is otherwise entitled under an agreement 
under chapter 5 of title 37 that is in force when the member commences 
participation in the program.
    ``(B) The inactivation from active service of a member 
participating in a program shall not be treated as a failure of the 
member to perform any period of service required of the member in 
connection with an agreement for a special or incentive pay or bonus 
under chapter 5 of title 37 that is in force when the member commences 
participation in the program.
    ``(3)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), upon the return of a member 
to active service after completion by the member of participation in a 
program--
        ``(i) any agreement entered into by the member under chapter 5 
    of title 37 for the payment of a special or incentive pay or bonus 
    that was in force when the member commenced participation in the 
    program shall be revived, with the term of such agreement after 
    revival being the period of the agreement remaining to run when the 
    member commenced participation in the program; and
        ``(ii) any special or incentive pay or bonus shall be payable 
    to the member in accordance with the terms of the agreement 
    concerned for the term specified in clause (i).
    ``(B)(i) Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to any special or 
incentive pay or bonus otherwise covered by that subparagraph with 
respect to a member if, at the time of the return of the member to 
active service as described in that subparagraph--
        ``(I) such pay or bonus is no longer authorized by law; or
        ``(II) the member does not satisfy eligibility criteria for 
    such pay or bonus as in effect at the time of the return of the 
    member to active service.
    ``(ii) Subparagraph (A) shall cease to apply to any special or 
incentive pay or bonus otherwise covered by that subparagraph with 
respect to a member if, during the term of the revived agreement of the 
member under subparagraph (A)(i), such pay or bonus ceases being 
authorized by law.
    ``(C) A member who is ineligible for payment of a special or 
incentive pay or bonus otherwise covered by this paragraph by reason of 
subparagraph (B)(i)(II) shall be subject to the requirements for 
repayment of such pay or bonus in accordance with the terms of the 
applicable agreement of the member under chapter 5 of title 37.
    ``(D) Any service required of a member under an agreement covered 
by this paragraph after the member returns to active service as 
described in subparagraph (A) shall be in addition to any service 
required of the member under an agreement under subsection (c).
    ``(4)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), a member who participates in 
a program is entitled, while participating in the program, to the 
travel and transportation allowances authorized by section 474 of title 
37 for--
        ``(i) travel performed from the residence of the member, at the 
    time of release from active service to participate in the program, 
    to the location in the United States designated by the member as 
    his residence during the period of participation in the program; 
    and
        ``(ii) travel performed to the residence of the member upon 
    return to active service at the end of the participation of the 
    member in the program.
    ``(B) An allowance is payable under this paragraph only with 
respect to travel of a member to and from a single residence.
    ``(5) A member who participates in a program is entitled to carry 
forward the leave balance existing as of the day on which the member 
begins participation and accumulated in accordance with section 701 of 
this title, but not to exceed 60 days.
    ``(g) Promotion.--(1)(A) An officer participating in a program 
under this section shall not, while participating in the program, be 
eligible for consideration for promotion under chapter 36 or 1405 of 
this title.
    ``(B) Upon the return of an officer to active service after 
completion by the officer of participation in a program--
        ``(i) the Secretary of the military department concerned shall 
    adjust the date of rank of the officer in such manner as the 
    Secretary of Defense shall prescribe in regulations for purposes of 
    this section; and
        ``(ii) the officer shall be eligible for consideration for 
    promotion when officers of the same competitive category, grade, 
    and seniority are eligible for consideration for promotion.
    ``(2) An enlisted member participating in a program shall not be 
eligible for consideration for promotion during the period that--
        ``(A) begins on the date of the inactivation of the member from 
    active service under the program; and
        ``(B) ends at such time after the return of the member to 
    active service under the program that the member is treatable as 
    eligible for promotion by reason of time in grade and such other 
    requirements as the Secretary of the military department concerned 
    shall prescribe in regulations for purposes of the program.
    ``(h) Continued Entitlements.--A member participating in a program 
under this section shall, while participating in the program, be 
treated as a member of the armed forces on active duty for a period of 
more than 30 days for purposes of--
        ``(1) the entitlement of the member and of the dependents of 
    the member to medical and dental care under the provisions of 
    chapter 55 of this title; and
        ``(2) retirement or separation for physical disability under 
    the provisions of chapters 55 and 61 of this title.''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
    section 709a the following new item:

``710. Career flexibility to enhance retention of members.''.

        (2) Conforming repeal.--Section 533 of the Duncan Hunter 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (10 U.S.C. 
    prec. 701 note) is repealed.
    SEC. 552. IMPROVEMENTS TO TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.
    (a) Pathways for TAP.--
        (1) In general.--Section 1142 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended--
            (A) in the section heading by striking ``medical'' and 
        inserting ``certain'';
            (B) in subsection (a)--
                (i) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``(regardless of 
            character of discharge)'' after ``discharge'';
                (ii) in paragraph (3)(A)--

                    (I) by striking ``as soon as possible during the 
                12-month period preceding'' and inserting ``not later 
                than 365 days before'';
                    (II) by striking ``90 days'' and inserting ``365 
                days''; and
                    (III) by striking ``discharge or release'' and 
                inserting ``retirement or other separation''; and

                (iii) in paragraph (3)(B)--

                    (I) by striking ``90'' and inserting ``365''; and
                    (II) by striking ``90-day'' and inserting ``365-
                day'';

            (C) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d);
            (D) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection (c):
    ``(c) Counseling Pathways.--(1) Each Secretary concerned, in 
consultation with the Secretaries of Labor and Veterans Affairs, shall 
establish at least three pathways for members of the military 
department concerned receiving individualized counseling under this 
section. The Secretaries shall design the pathways to address the needs 
of members, based on the following factors:
            ``(A) Rank.
            ``(B) Term of service.
            ``(C) Gender.
            ``(D) Whether the member was a member of a regular or 
        reserve component of an armed force.
            ``(E) Disability.
            ``(F) Character of discharge (including expedited discharge 
        and discharge under conditions other than honorable).
            ``(G) Health (including mental health).
            ``(H) Military occupational specialty.
            ``(I) Whether the member intends, after separation, 
        retirement, or discharge, to--
                ``(i) seek employment;
                ``(ii) enroll in a program of higher education;
                ``(iii) enroll in a program of vocational training; or
                ``(iv) become an entrepreneur.
            ``(J) The educational history of the member.
            ``(K) The employment history of the member.
            ``(L) Whether the member has secured--
                ``(i) employment;
                ``(ii) enrollment in a program of education; or
                ``(iii) enrollment in a program of vocational training.
            ``(M) Other factors the Secretary of Defense and the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the 
        Secretaries of Labor and Veterans Affairs, determine 
        appropriate.
    ``(2) Each member described in subsection (a) shall meet in person 
or by video conference with a counselor before beginning counseling 
under this section to--
        ``(A) take a self-assessment designed by the Secretary 
    concerned (in consultation with the Secretaries of Labor and 
    Veterans Affairs) to ensure that the Secretary concerned places the 
    member in the appropriate pathway under this subsection;
        ``(B) receive information from the counselor regarding 
    reenlistment in the armed forces; and
        ``(C) receive information from the counselor regarding 
    resources (including resources regarding military sexual trauma)--
            ``(i) for members of the armed forces separated, retired, 
        or discharged;
            ``(ii) located in the community in which the member will 
        reside after separation, retirement, or discharge.
    ``(3) At the meeting under paragraph (2), the member may elect to 
have the Secretary concerned (in consultation with the Secretaries of 
Labor and Veterans Affairs) provide the contact information of the 
member to the resources described in paragraph (2)(B).''; and
            (E) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Joint Service Transcript.--The Secretary concerned shall 
provide a copy of the joint service transcript of a member described in 
subsection (a) to--
        ``(1) that member--
            ``(A) at the meeting with a counselor under subsection 
        (c)(2); and
            ``(B) on the day the member separates, retires, or is 
        discharged; and
        ``(2) the Secretary of Veterans Affairs on the day the member 
    separates, retires, or is discharged.''.
        (2) Deadline.--Each Secretary concerned shall carry out 
    subsection (c) of such section, as amended by paragraph (1), not 
    later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act.
        (3) GAO study.--Not later than 1 year after the Secretaries 
    concerned carry out subsection (c) of such section, as amended by 
    paragraph (1), the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
    submit to Congress a review of the pathways for the Transition 
    Assistance Program established under such subsection (c).
    (b) Contents of TAP.--
        (1) In general.--Section 1144 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``Such services'' and 
        inserting ``Subject to subsection (f)(2), such services''; and
            (B) by amending subsection (f) to read as follows:
    ``(f) Program Contents.--(1) The program carried out under this 
section shall consist of instruction as follows:
            ``(A) One day of preseparation training specific to the 
        armed force concerned, as determined by the Secretary 
        concerned.
            ``(B) One day of instruction regarding--
                ``(i) benefits under laws administered by the Secretary 
            of Veterans Affairs; and
                ``(ii) other subjects determined by the Secretary 
            concerned.
            ``(C) One day of instruction regarding preparation for 
        employment.
            ``(D) Two days of instruction regarding a topic selected by 
        the member from the following subjects:
                ``(i) Preparation for employment.
                ``(ii) Preparation for education.
                ``(iii) Preparation for vocational training.
                ``(iv) Preparation for entrepreneurship.
                ``(v) Other options determined by the Secretary 
            concerned.
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned may permit a member to attend 
training and instruction under the program established under this 
section--
        ``(A) before the time periods established under section 
    1142(a)(3) of this title;
        ``(B) in addition to such training and instruction required 
    during such time periods.''.
        (2) Deadline.--The Transition Assistance Program shall comply 
    with the requirements of section 1144(f) of title 10, United States 
    Code, as amended by paragraph (1), not later than 1 year after the 
    date of the enactment of this Act.
        (3) Action plan.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit an 
    action plan to the congressional defense committees that--
            (A) details how the Secretary shall implement the 
        requirements of section 1144(f) of title 10, United States 
        Code, as amended by paragraph (1); and
            (B) details how the Secretary, in consultation with the 
        Secretaries of Veterans Affairs and Labor, shall establish 
        standardized performance metrics to measure Transition 
        Assistance Program participation and outcome-based objective 
        benchmarks in order to--
                (i) provide feedback to the Departments of Defense, 
            Veterans Affairs, and Labor;
                (ii) improve the curriculum of the Transition 
            Assistance Program;
                (iii) share best practices;
                (iv) facilitate effective oversight of the Transition 
            Assistance Program; and
                (v) ensure members obtain sufficient financial literacy 
            to effectively leverage conferred benefits and 
            opportunities for employment, education, vocational 
            training, and entrepreneurship.
        (4) Report.--On the date that is 2 years after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act and annually thereafter for the subsequent 4 
    years, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
    Armed Services and Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives, the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
    Transportation of the Senate, and the Committee on Transportation 
    and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives, a report 
    regarding members of the Armed Forces who have attended Transition 
    Assistance Program counseling during the preceding year. The report 
    shall detail the following:
            (A) The total number of members who attended Transition 
        Assistance Program counseling.
            (B) The number of members who attended Transition 
        Assistance Program counseling under paragraph (1) of section 
        1144(f) of title 10, as amended by paragraph (1).
            (C) The number of members who attended Transition 
        Assistance Program counseling under paragraph (2) of such 
        section.
            (D) The number of members who elected to attend each two-
        day instruction under paragraph (1)(D) of such section.
    SEC. 553. REPEAL OF PROGRAM ON ENCOURAGEMENT OF POSTSEPARATION 
      PUBLIC AND COMMUNITY SERVICE.
    (a) Repeal.--
        (1) In general.--Section 1143a of title 10, United States Code, 
    is repealed.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 58 of such title is amended by striking the item 
    relating to section 1143a.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Section 1144(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended--
            (A) by striking paragraph (8); and
            (B) by redesignating paragraphs (9), (10), and (11) as 
        paragraphs (8), (9), and (10), respectively.
        (2) Section 1142(b)(4)(C) of such title is amended by striking 
    ``the public and community service jobs program carried out under 
    section 1143a of this title, and''.
        (3) Section 159(c)(2)(D) of the National and Community Service 
    Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12619(c)(2)(D)) is amended by striking ``and 
    as employment with a public service or community service 
    organization for purposes of section 4464 of that Act''.
        (4) Section 162(a)(2) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 12622(a)(2)) is 
    amended by striking ``shall'' and all that follows through 
    ``provide other'' and inserting ``shall provide''.
        (5) Subsection (c) of section 4403 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 10 
    U.S.C. 1293 note) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Inapplicability of Certain Provisions.--During the period 
specified in subsection (i)(2), this section does not apply as follows:
        ``(1) To members of the Coast Guard, notwithstanding section 
    542(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
    1995 (Public Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 1293 note).
        ``(2) To members of the commissioned corps of the National 
    Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, notwithstanding section 
    566(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
    1996 (Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 1293 note).''.
    (c) Conforming Repeal.--
        (1) Repeal.--Section 4464 of the National Defense Authorization 
    Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 1143a note) 
    is repealed.
        (2) Applicability.--The repeal made under paragraph (1) shall 
    apply with respect to an individual who retires from the Armed 
    Forces on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 554. CLARIFICATION OF APPLICATION AND HONORABLE SERVICE 
      REQUIREMENTS UNDER THE TROOPS-TO-TEACHERS PROGRAM TO MEMBERS OF 
      THE RETIRED RESERVE.
    (a) In General.--Paragraph (2)(B) of section 1154(d) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(A)(iii),'' after ``(A)(i),'';
        (2) by inserting ``transferred to the Retired Reserve, or'' 
    after ``member is retired,''; and
        (3) by striking ``separated,'' and inserting ``separated''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--The second sentence of paragraph (3)(D) 
of such section is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``, the transfer of the member to the Retired 
    Reserve,'' after ``retirement of the member''; and
        (2) by inserting ``transfer,'' after ``after the retirement,''.
    SEC. 555. EMPLOYMENT AND COMPENSATION OF CIVILIAN FACULTY MEMBERS 
      AT THE JOINT SPECIAL OPERATIONS UNIVERSITY.
    Section 1595(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(5) The Joint Special Operations University.''.
    SEC. 556. PROGRAM TO ASSIST MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES IN 
      OBTAINING PROFESSIONAL CREDENTIALS.
    Section 2015(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``related to military training'' and all that follows through 
the period at the end of paragraph (2) and inserting ``that translate 
into civilian occupations.''.
    SEC. 557. ENHANCEMENT OF AUTHORITIES IN CONNECTION WITH JUNIOR 
      RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS PROGRAMS.
    (a) Flexibility in Authorities for Management of Programs and 
Units.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 102 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2035. Flexibility in authorities for management of programs and 
    units
    ``(a) Authority To Convert Otherwise Closing Units to National 
Defense Cadet Corps Program Units.--If the Secretary of a military 
department is notified by a local educational agency of the intent of 
the agency to close its Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps, the 
Secretary shall offer the agency the option of converting the unit to a 
National Defense Cadet Corps (NDCC) program unit in lieu of closing the 
unit.
    ``(b) Flexibility in Administration of Instructors.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretaries of the military departments 
    may, without regard to any other provision of this chapter, 
    undertake initiatives designed to promote flexibility in the hiring 
    and compensation of instructors for the Junior Reserve Officers' 
    Training Corps program under the jurisdiction of such Secretaries.
        ``(2) Elements.--The initiatives undertaken pursuant to this 
    subsection may provide for one or more of the following:
            ``(A) Termination of the requirement for a waiver as a 
        condition of the hiring of well-qualified non-commissioned 
        officers with a bachelor's degree for senior instructor 
        positions within the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
            ``(B) Specification of a single instructor as the minimum 
        number of instructors required to found and operate a Junior 
        Reserve Officers' Training Corps unit.
            ``(C) Authority for Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
        instructors to undertake school duties, in addition to Junior 
        Reserve Officers' Training Corps duties, at small schools.
            ``(D) Authority for the payment of instructor compensation 
        for a limited number of Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
        instructors on a 10-month per year basis rather than a 12-month 
        per year basis.
            ``(E) Such other actions as the Secretaries of the military 
        departments consider appropriate.
    ``(c) Flexibility in Allocation and Use of Travel Funding.--The 
Secretaries of the military departments shall take appropriate actions 
to provide so-called regional directors of the Junior Reserve Officers' 
Training Corps programs located at remote rural schools enhanced 
discretion in the allocation and use of funds for travel in connection 
with Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps activities.
    ``(d) Standardization of Program Data.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall take appropriate actions to standardize the data collected and 
maintained on the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps programs in 
order to facilitate and enhance the collection and analysis of such 
data. Such actions shall include a requirement for the use of the 
National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) identification code for 
each school with a unit under a Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
program in order to facilitate identification of such schools and their 
units under the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps programs.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 102 of such title is amended by adding at the end the 
    following new item:

``2035. Flexibility in authorities for management of programs and 
          units.''.

    (b) Authority for Additional Units.--The Secretaries of the 
military departments may, using amounts authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act and available in the funding tables in sections 4301 and 
4401 for purposes of the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
programs, establish an aggregate of not more than 100 units under the 
Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps programs in low-income and 
rural areas of the United States and areas of the United States 
currently underserved by the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
programs.
    SEC. 558. EXPANSION OF PERIOD OF AVAILABILITY OF MILITARY ONESOURCE 
      PROGRAM FOR RETIRED AND DISCHARGED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
      AND THEIR IMMEDIATE FAMILIES.
    (a) In General.--Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of 
Defense, the period of eligibility for the Military OneSource program 
of the Department of Defense of an eligible individual retired, 
discharged, or otherwise released from the Armed Forces, and for the 
eligible immediate family members of such an individual, shall be the 
one-year period beginning on the date of the retirement, discharge, or 
release, as applicable, of such individual.
    (b) Information to Families.--The Secretary shall, in such manner 
as the Secretary considers appropriate, inform military families and 
families of veterans of the Armed Forces of the wide range of benefits 
available through the Military OneSource program.
    SEC. 559. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR ATTENDANCE OF ENLISTED 
      PERSONNEL AT SENIOR LEVEL AND INTERMEDIATE LEVEL OFFICER 
      PROFESSIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION COURSES.
    (a) Prohibition.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense may be 
obligated or expended for the purpose of the attendance of enlisted 
personnel at senior level and intermediate level officer professional 
military education courses.
    (b) Senior Level and Intermediate Level Officer Professional 
Military Education Courses Defined.--In this section, the term ``senior 
level and intermediate level officer professional military education 
courses'' means any course for officers offered by a school specified 
in paragraph (1) or (2) of section 2151(b) of title 10, United States 
Code.
    (c) Repeal of Superseded Limitation.--
        (1) In general.--Section 547 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) is 
    repealed.
        (2) Preservation of certain reporting requirement.--The repeal 
    in paragraph (1) shall not be interpreted to terminate the 
    requirement of the Comptroller General of the United States to 
    submit the report required by subsection (c) of section 547 of the 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018.

               Subtitle G--Defense Dependents' Education

    SEC. 561. ASSISTANCE TO SCHOOLS WITH MILITARY DEPENDENT STUDENTS.
    (a) Impact Aid for Children With Severe Disabilities.--
        (1) In general.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated 
    for fiscal year 2019 pursuant to section 301 and available for 
    operation and maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified 
    in the funding table in section 4301, $10,000,000 shall be 
    available for payments under section 363 of the Floyd D. Spence 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (Public Law 
    106-398; 20 U.S.C. 7703a).
        (2) Use of certain amount.--Of the amount available under 
    paragraph (1) for payments as described in that paragraph, 
    $5,000,000 shall be available for such payments to local 
    educational agencies determined by the Secretary of Defense, in the 
    discretion of the Secretary, to have higher concentrations of 
    military children with severe disabilities.
    (b) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of Military 
Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2019 by section 301 and available for operation and 
maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding 
table in section 4301, $40,000,000 shall be available only for the 
purpose of providing assistance to local educational agencies under 
subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 20 U.S.C. 7703b).
    (c) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the term 
``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that term in section 
7013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
U.S.C. 7713(9)).
    SEC. 562. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EDUCATION ACTIVITY POLICIES AND 
      PROCEDURES ON SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF STUDENTS OF ACTIVITY SCHOOLS.
    (a) Applicability of Title IX Protections.--The provisions of title 
IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (20 U.S.C. 1681 et seq.) (in 
this section referred to as ``title IX'') with respect to education 
programs or activities receiving Federal financial assistance shall 
apply equally to education programs and activities administered by the 
Department of Defense Education Activity (DODEA).
    (b) Policies and Procedures.--Not later than March 31, 2019, the 
Department of Defense Education Activity shall establish policies and 
procedures to protect students at schools of the Activity who are 
victims of sexual harassment. Such policies and procedures shall afford 
protections at least comparable to the protections afforded under title 
IX.
    (c) Elements.--The policies and procedures required by subsection 
(b) shall include, at a minimum, the following:
        (1) A policy addressing sexual harassment of students at the 
    schools of the Department of Defense Education Activity that uses 
    and incorporates terms, procedures, protections, investigation 
    standards, and standards of evidence consistent with title IX.
        (2) A procedure by which--
            (A) a student of a school of the Activity, or a parent of 
        such a student, may file a complaint with the school alleging 
        an incident of sexual harassment at the school; and
            (B) such a student or parent may appeal the decision of the 
        school regarding such complaint.
        (3) A procedure and mechanisms for the appointment and training 
    of, and allocation of responsibility to, a coordinator at each 
    school of the Activity for sexual harassment matters involving 
    students from the military community served by such school.
        (4) Training of employees of the Activity, and volunteers at 
    schools of the Activity, on the policies and procedures.
        (5) Mechanisms for the broad distribution and display of the 
    policy described in paragraph (1), including on the Internet 
    website of the Activity and on Internet websites of schools of the 
    Activity, in printed and online versions of student handbooks, and 
    in brochures and flyers displayed on school bulletin boards and in 
    guidance counselor offices.
        (6) Reporting and recordkeeping requirements designed to ensure 
    that--
            (A) complaints of sexual harassment at schools of the 
        Activity are handled--
                (i) with professionalism and consistency; and
                (ii) in a manner that permits coordinators referred to 
            in paragraph (3) to track trends in incidents of sexual 
            harassment and to identify repeat offenders of sexual 
            harassment; and
            (B) appropriate members of the local leadership of military 
        communities are held accountable for acting upon complaints of 
        sexual harassment at schools of the Activity.
    SEC. 563. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EDUCATION ACTIVITY MISCONDUCT 
      DATABASE.
    (a) Comprehensive Database.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
consolidate the various databases and mechanisms for the reporting and 
tracking of juvenile misconduct in Department of Defense Education 
Activity (hereinafter in this section referred to as ``DODEA'') schools 
into one comprehensive database for DODEA juvenile misconduct. The 
comprehensive database shall include all unresolved and all 
substantiated allegations of juvenile-on-juvenile sexual misconduct.
    (b) Policy.--The Secretary shall establish a comprehensive policy 
regarding the reporting and tracking of juvenile misconduct cases 
occurring in DODEA schools, including policies establishing appropriate 
safeguards to prevent unauthorized disclosure of sensitive information 
contained in the comprehensive database required by subsection (a).
    SEC. 564. ASSESSMENT AND REPORT ON ACTIVE SHOOTER THREAT MITIGATION 
      AT SCHOOLS LOCATED ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.
    (a) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct an 
assessment of strategies that may be used to address any security 
threat posed by active shooter incidents at public elementary schools 
and secondary schools located on the grounds of Federal military 
installations.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report that includes the results of the assessment 
conducted under subsection (a).

             Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness Matters

    SEC. 571. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MILITARY FAMILY READINESS COUNCIL 
      MATTERS.
    (a) Member Matters.--
        (1) Membership.--Paragraph (1)(B) of subsection (b) of section 
    1781a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (A) in clause (i), by striking ``a member of the armed 
        force to be represented'' and inserting ``a member or civilian 
        employee of the armed force to be represented''; and
            (B) by striking clause (ii) and inserting the following new 
        clause (ii):
                ``(ii) One representative, who shall be a member or 
            civilian employee of the National Guard Bureau, to 
            represent both the Army National Guard and the Air National 
            Guard.''.
        (2) Terms.--Paragraph (2) of such subsection is amended--
            (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                (i) in the first sentence, by striking ``clauses (i) 
            and (iii) of''; and
                (ii) by striking the second sentence; and
            (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``three years'' and 
        inserting ``two years''.
    (b) Duties.--Subsection (d) of such section is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``military family readiness 
    by the Department of Defense'' and inserting ``military family 
    readiness programs and activities of the Department of Defense''; 
    and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(4) To make recommendations to the Secretary of Defense to 
    improve collaboration, awareness, and promotion of accurate and 
    timely military family readiness information and support services 
    by policy makers, service providers, and targeted beneficiaries.''.
    (c) Annual Reports.--Subsection (e) of such section is amended by 
striking ``February 1'' and inserting ``July 1''.
    (d) Effective Date.--
        (1) In general.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
    effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.
        (2) Applicability of membership and term amendments.--The 
    amendments made by subsection (a) shall apply to members of the 
    Department of Defense Military Family Readiness Council appointed 
    after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 572. ENHANCEMENT AND CLARIFICATION OF FAMILY SUPPORT SERVICES 
      FOR FAMILY MEMBERS OF MEMBERS OF SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES.
    Section 1788a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``activities'' each place it appears and 
    inserting ``services'';
        (2) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``activity'' and 
    inserting ``service'';
        (3) in subsection (c), by striking ``$5,000,000'' and inserting 
    ``$10,000,000''; and
        (4) in subsection (e), by adding at the end the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(4) The term `family support services' includes costs of 
    transportation, food, lodging, child care, supplies, fees, and 
    training materials for immediate family members of members of the 
    armed forces assigned to special operations forces while 
    participating in programs under subsection (a).''.
    SEC. 573. TEMPORARY EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY FOR NONCOMPETITIVE 
      APPOINTMENTS OF MILITARY SPOUSES BY FEDERAL AGENCIES.
    (a) Expansion to Include All Spouses of Members of the Armed Forces 
on Active Duty.--Section 3330d of title 5, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by striking paragraphs (3), (4), and (5); and
            (B) by redesignating paragraph (6) as paragraph (3);
        (2) by striking subsections (b) and (c) and inserting the 
    following new subsection (b):
    ``(b) Appointment Authority.--The head of an agency may appoint 
noncompetitively--
        ``(1) a spouse of a member of the Armed Forces on active duty; 
    or
        ``(2) a spouse of a disabled or deceased member of the Armed 
    Forces.'';
        (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (c); and
        (4) in subsection (c), as so redesignated, by striking 
    ``subsection (a)(6)'' in paragraph (1) and inserting ``subsection 
    (a)(3)''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 33 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 3330d and inserting the following new item:

``3330d. Appointment of military spouses.''.

    (c) Heading Amendment.--The heading of such section is amended to 
read as follows:
``Sec. 3330d. Appointment of military spouses''.
    (d) OPM Limitation and Reports.--
        (1) Relocating spouses.--With respect to the noncompetitive 
    appointment of a relocating spouse of a member of the Armed Forces 
    under subsection (b)(1) of section 3330d of title 5, United States 
    Code, as amended by subsection (a), the Director of the Office of 
    Personnel Management--
            (A) shall monitor the number of such appointments;
            (B) shall require the head of each agency with authority to 
        make such appointments under such section to submit an annual 
        report to the Director on such appointments, including 
        information on the number of individuals so appointed, the 
        types of positions filled, and the effectiveness of the 
        authority for such appointments; and
            (C) not later than 18 months after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, shall submit a report to the Committee 
        on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Government Affairs of the Senate on the use and effectiveness 
        of such authority.
        (2) Non-relocating spouses.--With respect to the noncompetitive 
    appointment of a spouse of a member of the Armed Forces other than 
    a relocating spouse described in paragraph (1), the Director of the 
    Office of Personnel Management--
            (A) shall treat the spouse as a relocating spouse under 
        paragraph (1); and
            (B) may limit the number of such appointments.
    (e) Sunset.--Effective on the date that is 5 years after the date 
of the enactment of this Act--
        (1) the authority provided by this section, and the amendments 
    made by this section, shall expire; and
        (2) the provisions of section 3330d of title 5, United States 
    Code, amended or repealed by such section are restored or revived 
    as if such section had not been enacted.
    SEC. 574. IMPROVEMENT OF MY CAREER ADVANCEMENT ACCOUNT PROGRAM FOR 
      MILITARY SPOUSES.
    (a) Outreach on Availability of Program.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall take appropriate actions to ensure that military spouses who are 
eligible for participation in the My Career Advancement Account program 
of the Department of Defense are, to the extent practicable, made aware 
of the program.
    (b) Comptroller General Report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
United States shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting forth such 
recommendations as the Comptroller General considers appropriate 
regarding the following:
        (1) Mechanisms to increase awareness of the My Career 
    Advancement Account program of the Department of Defense among 
    military spouses who are eligible to participate in the program.
        (2) Mechanisms to increase participation in the My Career 
    Advancement Account program among military spouses who are eligible 
    to participate in the program.
    (c) Training for Installation Career Counselors on Program.--The 
Secretaries of the military departments shall take appropriate actions 
to ensure that career counselors at military installations receive 
appropriate training and current information on eligibility for and use 
of benefits under the My Career Advancement Account program, including 
financial assistance to cover costs associated with professional 
recertification, portability of occupational licenses, professional 
credential exams, and other mechanisms in connection with the 
portability of professional licenses.
    SEC. 575. ASSESSMENT AND REPORT ON THE EFFECTS OF PERMANENT CHANGES 
      OF STATION ON EMPLOYMENT AMONG MILITARY SPOUSES.
    (a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct an 
assessment of the effects of frequent, permanent changes of station on 
the stability of employment among spouses of members of the Armed 
Forces.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
        (1) An assessment of how frequent, permanent changes of station 
    may contribute to unemployment or underemployment among spouses of 
    members of the Armed Forces.
        (2) An assessment of how unemployment and underemployment among 
    military spouses may affect force readiness.
        (3) Such recommendations as the Secretary considers appropriate 
    regarding legislative or administration actions that may be carried 
    out to achieve force readiness and stabilization through the 
    minimization of the impacts of frequent, permanent changes in 
    station on the stability of employment among military spouses.
    (c) Report.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report that includes the results of 
the assessment with respect to each element described in subsection 
(b).
    SEC. 576. PROVISIONAL OR INTERIM CLEARANCES TO PROVIDE CHILDCARE 
      SERVICES AT MILITARY CHILDCARE CENTERS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall implement a policy 
to permit the issuance on a provisional or interim basis of clearances 
for the provision of childcare services at military childcare centers.
    (b) Elements.--The policy required by subsection (a) shall provide 
for the following:
        (1) Any clearance issued under the policy shall be temporary 
    and contingent upon the satisfaction of such requirements for the 
    issuance of a clearance on a permanent basis as the Secretary 
    considers appropriate.
        (2) Any individual issued a clearance on a provisional or 
    interim basis under the policy shall be subject to such supervision 
    in the provision of childcare services using such clearance as the 
    Secretary considers appropriate.
    (c) Clearance Defined.--In this section, the term ``clearance'', 
with respect to an individual and the provision of childcare services, 
means the formal approval of the individual, after appropriate 
background checks and other review, to provide childcare services to 
children at a military childcare center of the Department of Defense.
    SEC. 577. MULTIDISCIPLINARY TEAMS FOR MILITARY INSTALLATIONS ON 
      CHILD ABUSE AND OTHER DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.
    (a) Multidisciplinary Teams Required.--
        (1) In general.--Under regulations prescribed by each Secretary 
    concerned, there shall be established and maintained for each 
    military installation, except as provided in paragraph (2), one or 
    more multidisciplinary teams on child abuse and other domestic 
    violence for the purposes specified in subsection (b).
        (2) Single team for proximate installations.--A single 
    multidisciplinary team described in paragraph (1) may be 
    established and maintained under this subsection for two or more 
    military installations in proximity with one another if the 
    Secretary concerned determines, in consultation with the Secretary 
    of Defense, that a single team for such installations suffices to 
    carry out the purposes of such teams under subsection (b) for such 
    installations.
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of each multidisciplinary team 
maintained pursuant to subsection (a) shall be as follows:
        (1) To provide for the sharing of information among such team 
    and other appropriate personnel on the installation or 
    installations concerned regarding the progress of investigations 
    into and resolutions of incidents of child abuse and other domestic 
    violence involving members of the Armed Forces stationed at or 
    otherwise assigned to the installation or installations.
        (2) To provide for and enhance collaborative efforts among such 
    team and other appropriate personnel of the installation or 
    installations regarding investigations into and resolutions of such 
    incidents.
        (3) To enhance the social services available to military 
    families at the installation or installations in connection with 
    such incidents, including through the enhancement of cooperation 
    among specialists and other personnel providing such services to 
    such military families in connection with such incidents.
        (4) To carry out such other duties regarding the response to 
    child abuse and other domestic violence at the installation or 
    installations as the Secretary concerned considers appropriate for 
    such purposes.
    (c) Personnel.--
        (1) In general.--Each multidisciplinary team maintained 
    pursuant to subsection (a) shall be composed of the following:
            (A) One or more judge advocates.
            (B) Appropriate personnel of one or more military criminal 
        investigation services.
            (C) Appropriate mental health professionals.
            (D) Appropriate medical personnel.
            (E) Family advocacy case workers.
            (F) Such other personnel as the Secretary or Secretaries 
        concerned consider appropriate.
        (2) Expertise and training.--Any individual assigned to a 
    multidisciplinary team shall possess such expertise, and shall 
    undertake such training as is required to maintain such expertise, 
    as the Secretary concerned shall specify for purposes of this 
    section in order to ensure that members of the team remain 
    appropriately qualified to carry out the purposes of the team under 
    this section. The training and expertise so specified shall include 
    training and expertise on special victims' crimes, including child 
    abuse and other domestic violence.
    (d) Coordination and Collaboration With Non-military Resources.--
        (1) Use of community resources serving installations.--In 
    providing under this section for a multidisciplinary team for a 
    military installation or installations that benefit from services 
    or resources on child abuse or other domestic violence that are 
    provided by civilian entities in the vicinity of the installation 
    or installations, the Secretary concerned may take the availability 
    of such services or resources to the installation or installations 
    into account in providing for the composition and duties of the 
    team.
        (2) Best practices.--The Secretaries concerned shall take 
    appropriate actions to ensure that multidisciplinary teams 
    maintained pursuant to subsection (a) remain fully and currently 
    apprised of best practices in the civilian sector on investigations 
    into and resolutions of incidents of child abuse and other domestic 
    violence and on the social services provided in connection with 
    such incidents.
        (3) Collaboration.--In providing for the enhancement of social 
    services available to military families in accordance with 
    subsection (b)(3), the Secretaries concerned shall permit, 
    facilitate, and encourage multidisciplinary teams to collaborate 
    with appropriate civilian agencies in the vicinity of the military 
    installations concerned with regard to availability, provision, and 
    use of such services to and by such families.
    (e) Annual Reports.--Not later than March 1 of each year from 2020 
through 2022, each Secretary concerned shall submit to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
report on the activities of multidisciplinary teams maintained pursuant 
to subsection (a) under the jurisdiction of such Secretary during the 
preceding year. Each report shall set forth, for the period covered by 
such report, the following:
        (1) A summary description of the activities of the 
    multidisciplinary teams concerned, including the number and 
    composition of such teams, the recurring activities of such teams, 
    and any notable achievements of such teams.
        (2) A description of any impediments to the effectiveness of 
    such teams.
        (3) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
    action as such Secretary considers appropriate in order to improve 
    the effectiveness of such teams.
        (4) Such other matters with respect to such teams as such 
    Secretary considers appropriate.
    (f) Secretary Concerned.--
        (1) Definition.--In this section, the term ``Secretary 
    concerned'' has the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(9) of 
    title 10, United States Code.
        (2) Usage with respect to multiple installations.--For purposes 
    of this section, any reference to ``Secretary concerned'' with 
    respect to a single multidisciplinary team established and 
    maintained pursuant to subsection (a) for two or more military 
    installations that are under the jurisdiction of different 
    Secretaries concerned, shall be deemed to refer to each Secretary 
    concerned who has jurisdiction of such an installation, acting 
    jointly.
    SEC. 578. PILOT PROGRAM FOR MILITARY FAMILIES: PREVENTION OF CHILD 
      ABUSE AND TRAINING ON SAFE CHILDCARE PRACTICES.
    (a) Pilot Program.--
        (1) Purpose.--In order to reduce child abuse and fatalities due 
    to abuse or neglect in covered households, the Secretary of 
    Defense, acting through the Defense Health Agency, shall carry out 
    a pilot program to--
            (A) provide information regarding safe childcare practices 
        to covered households;
            (B) identify and assess risk factors for child abuse in 
        covered households; and
            (C) facilitate connections between covered households and 
        community resources.
        (2) Prohibition on delegation.--The Secretary may not carry out 
    the pilot program through the Family Advocacy Program.
        (3) Locations.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot program 
    at no fewer than five military installations that reflect a range 
    of characteristics including the following:
            (A) Urban location.
            (B) Rural location.
            (C) Large population.
            (D) Small population.
            (E) High incidence of child abuse, neglect, or both.
            (F) Low incidence of child abuse, neglect, or both.
            (G) Presence of a hospital or clinic.
            (H) Lack of a hospital or clinic.
            (I) Joint installation.
            (J) Serving only one Armed Force.
        (4) Term.--The pilot program shall terminate two years after 
    implementation.
        (5) Design.--The Secretary shall design the pilot program in 
    consultation with military family groups to respond to the needs of 
    covered households.
        (6) Elements.--The pilot program shall include the following 
    elements:
            (A) Postnatal services, including screening to identify 
        family needs and potential risk factors, and make referrals to 
        appropriate community services with the use of the electronic 
        data described in subparagraphs (F) and (G).
            (B) The Secretary shall identify at least three approaches 
        to screening, identification, and referral under subparagraph 
        (A) that empirically improve outcomes for parents and infants.
            (C) Services and resources designed for a covered household 
        by the Secretary after considering the information gained from 
        the screening and identification under subparagraph (A). Such 
        services and resources may include or address the following:
                (i) General maternal and infant health exam.
                (ii) Safe sleeping environments.
                (iii) Feeding and bathing.
                (iv) Adequate child supervision.
                (v) Common hazards.
                (vi) Self-care.
                (vii) Postpartum depression, substance abuse, or 
            domestic violence.
                (viii) Community violence.
                (ix) Skills for management of infant crying.
                (x) Other positive parenting skills and practices.
                (xi) The importance of participating in ongoing 
            healthcare for an infant and for treating postpartum 
            depression.
                (xii) Finding, qualifying for, and participating in 
            available community resources with respect to infant care, 
            childcare, parenting support, and home visits.
                (xiii) Planning for parenting or guardianship of 
            children during deployment and reintegration.
                (xiv) Such other matters as the Secretary, in 
            consultation with military families, considers appropriate.
            (D) Home visits to provide support, screening and referral 
        services shall be offered as needed. The number of visits 
        offered shall be guided by parental interest and family need, 
        but in general is expected to be no more than three.
            (E) If a parent is deployed at the time of birth--
                (i) the first in-home visit under subparagraph (D) 
            shall, to the extent practicable, incorporate both parents, 
            in person with the local parent and by electronic means 
            with the deployed parent; and
                (ii) another such home visit shall be offered upon the 
            return of the parent from deployment, and shall include 
            both parents, if determined in the best interest of the 
            family.
            (F) An electronic directory of community resources 
        available to covered households and pilot program personnel to 
        help covered households access such resources.
            (G) An electronic integrated data system to--
                (i) help pilot program personnel refer eligible covered 
            beneficiaries to services and resources under the pilot 
            program;
                (ii) track usage of such services and resources and 
            interactions between such personnel and covered households; 
            and
                (iii) evaluate the implementation, outcomes, and 
            effectiveness of the pilot program.
    (b) Voluntary Participation.--Participation in the pilot program 
shall be at the election of a covered beneficiary in an eligible 
household.
    (c) Outreach.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after implementing the 
    pilot program, the Secretary shall notify each covered household of 
    the services provided under subsection (b).
        (2) Covered households with newborns.--No later than 30 days 
    after a birth in a covered household, the Secretary shall contact 
    such covered household to encourage participation in the pilot 
    program.
    (d) Assessments.--
        (1) Number.--The Secretary shall carry out no fewer than five 
    assessments of the pilot program.
        (2) Comparison installations.--For purposes of this subsection, 
    the Secretary shall also select such number of other military 
    installations the Secretary determines appropriate as comparison 
    installations for purposes of assessing the outcomes of the pilot.
        (3) Assessment.--The Secretary shall assess each of the 
    following:
            (A) Success in contacting covered households for 
        participation in the pilot.
            (B) The percentage of covered households that elect to 
        participate in the pilot program.
            (C) The extent to which covered households participating in 
        the pilot program are connected to services and resources under 
        the pilot program.
            (D) The extent to which covered households participating in 
        the pilot program use services and resources under the pilot 
        program.
            (E) Compliance of pilot program personnel with pilot 
        program protocols.
    (e) Reports.--
        (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
    Representatives a report on the pilot program under this section. 
    The report shall include a comprehensive description of the 
    assessments under subsection (d), as well as the following:
            (A) Which installations the Secretary selected for the 
        pilot program under subsection (a)(2).
            (B) Why the Secretary selected the installations described 
        in subparagraph (A).
            (C) Names of the installations the Secretary selected as 
        comparison installations under subsection (d)(2).
            (D) How the pilot program is carried out, including 
        strategy and metrics for evaluating effectiveness of the pilot 
        program.
        (2) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
    termination of the pilot program, the Secretary shall submit to the 
    committees specified in paragraph (1) a final report on the pilot 
    program. The report shall include the following:
            (A) A comprehensive description of, and findings of, the 
        assessments under subsection (d).
            (B) A comprehensive description and assessment of the 
        pilot.
            (C) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
        action the Secretary determines appropriate, including whether 
        to--
                (i) extend the term of the pilot program;
                (ii) expand the pilot program to additional 
            installations; or
                (iii) make the pilot program permanent.
    (f) Departmental Implementation.--If the Secretary determines that 
any element of the pilot program is effective, the Secretary shall 
implement such element permanently for the Department of Defense.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``covered household'' means a household that--
            (A) contains an eligible covered beneficiary; and
            (B) is located at a location selected by the Secretary for 
        the pilot program.
        (2) The term ``eligible covered beneficiary'' means a covered 
    beneficiary (as that term is defined in section 1072 of title 10, 
    United States Code) who obtains prenatal or obstetrical care in a 
    military medical treatment facility in connection with a birth 
    covered by the pilot program.
        (3) With respect to a military installation, the term 
    ``community'' means the catchment area for community services of 
    the installation, including services provided on the installation 
    by the Secretary and services provided by State, county, and local 
    jurisdictions in which the installation is located, or in the 
    vicinity of the installation.
    SEC. 579. ASSESSMENT AND REPORT ON SMALL BUSINESS ACTIVITIES OF 
      MILITARY SPOUSES ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES.
    (a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct an 
assessment of the feasibility and advisability of permitting military 
spouses to engage in small business activities on military 
installations in the United States and in partnership with 
commissaries, exchange stores, and other morale, welfare, and 
recreation facilities of the Armed Forces in the United States.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment required under subsection (a) shall--
        (1) take into account the usage by military spouses of 
    installation facilities, utilities, and other resources in the 
    conduct of small business activities on military installations in 
    the United States and such other matters in connection with the 
    conduct of such business activities by military spouses as the 
    Secretary considers appropriate; and
        (2) seek to identify mechanisms to ensure that costs and fees 
    associated with the usage by military spouses of such facilities, 
    utilities, and other resources in connection with such business 
    activities does not meaningfully curtail or eliminate the 
    opportunity for military spouses to profit reasonably from such 
    business activities.
    (c) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives a report that includes the results of the 
assessment, including the results with respect to each element 
described in subsection (b).

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

    SEC. 581. ATOMIC VETERANS SERVICE CERTIFICATE.
    (a) Service Certificate Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
design and produce a military service certificate, to be known as the 
``Atomic Veterans Service Certificate'', to honor retired and former 
members of the Armed Forces who are radiation-exposed veterans (as such 
term is defined in section 1112(c)(3) of title 38, United States Code).
    (b) Distribution of Certificate.--
        (1) Issuance to retired and former members.--At the request of 
    a radiation-exposed veteran, the Secretary of Defense shall issue 
    the Atomic Veterans Service Certificate to the veteran.
        (2) Issuance to next-of-kin.--In the case of a radiation-
    exposed veteran who is deceased, the Secretary may provide for 
    issuance of the Atomic Veterans Service Certificate to the next-of-
    kin of the person.
    SEC. 582. AWARD OF MEDALS OR OTHER COMMENDATIONS TO HANDLERS OF 
      MILITARY WORKING DOGS.
    (a) Program of Award Required.--Each Secretary of a military 
department shall carry out a program to provide for the award of one or 
more medals or other commendations to handlers of military working dogs 
under the jurisdiction of such Secretary to recognize valor or 
meritorious achievement by such handlers and dogs.
    (b) Medals and Commendations.--Any medal or commendation awarded 
pursuant to a program under subsection (a) shall be of such design, and 
include such elements, as the Secretary of the military department 
concerned shall specify. The Secretary concerned may use an existing 
award to carry out such program.
    (c) Presentation and Acceptance.--Any medal or commendation awarded 
pursuant to a program under subsection (a) may be presented to and 
accepted by the handler concerned on behalf of the handler and the 
military working dog concerned.
    (d) Regulations.--Medals and commendations shall be awarded under 
programs under subsection (a) in accordance with regulations prescribed 
by the Secretary of Defense for purposes of this section.
    SEC. 583. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF DISTINGUISHED-SERVICE CROSS TO 
      JUSTIN T. GALLEGOS FOR ACTS OF VALOR DURING OPERATION ENDURING 
      FREEDOM.
    (a) Waiver of Time Limitations.--Notwithstanding the time 
limitations specified in section 3744 of title 10, United States Code, 
or any other time limitations with respect to the awarding of certain 
medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the Secretary of the 
Army may award the Distinguished-Service Cross under section 3742 of 
such title to Justin T. Gallegos for the acts of valor described in 
subsection (b).
    (b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to in 
subsection (a) are the actions of Justin T. Gallegos on October 3, 
2009, as a member of the Army in the grade of Staff Sergeant, serving 
in Afghanistan with the 61st Cavalry Regiment, 4th Brigade Combat Team, 
4th Infantry Division.

          Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

    SEC. 591. ANNUAL DEFENSE MANPOWER REQUIREMENTS REPORT MATTERS.
    (a) Date of Submittal.--Subsection (a) of section 115a of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by 
striking ``not later than 45 days after the date on which'' and 
inserting ``on the date on which''.
    (b) Specification of Anticipated Opportunities for Promotion of 
Commissioned Officers.--Subsection (d) of such section is amended by 
adding the following new paragraph:
        ``(4) The opportunities for promotion of commissioned officers 
    anticipated to be estimated pursuant to section 623(b)(4) of this 
    title for the fiscal year in which such report is submitted for 
    purposes of promotion selection boards convened pursuant to section 
    611 of this title during such fiscal year.''.
    SEC. 592. BURIAL OF UNCLAIMED REMAINS OF INMATES AT THE UNITED 
      STATES DISCIPLINARY BARRACKS CEMETERY, FORT LEAVENWORTH, KANSAS.
    Section 985 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``A person who is 
    ineligible'' in the matter preceding paragraph (1) and inserting 
    ``Except as provided in subsection (c), a person who is 
    ineligible'';
        (2) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
        (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
    subsection (c):
    ``(c) Unclaimed Remains of Military Prisoners.--Subsection (b) 
shall not preclude the burial at the United States Disciplinary 
Barracks Cemetery at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, of a military prisoner, 
including a military prisoner who is a person described in section 
2411(b) of title 38, who dies while in custody of a military department 
and whose remains are not claimed by the person authorized to direct 
disposition of the remains or by other persons legally authorized to 
dispose of the remains.''.
    SEC. 593. STANDARDIZATION OF FREQUENCY OF ACADEMY VISITS OF THE AIR 
      FORCE ACADEMY BOARD OF VISITORS WITH ACADEMY VISITS OF BOARDS OF 
      OTHER MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMIES.
    Section 9355 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking subsection (d) and inserting the following new subsection:
    ``(d) The Board shall visit the Academy annually. With the approval 
of the Secretary of the Air Force, the Board or its members may make 
other visits to the Academy in connection with the duties of the Board 
or to consult with the Superintendent of the Academy. Board members 
shall have access to the Academy grounds and the cadets, faculty, 
staff, and other personnel of the Academy for the purposes of the 
duties of the Board.''.
    SEC. 594. NATIONAL COMMISSION ON MILITARY, NATIONAL, AND PUBLIC 
      SERVICE MATTERS.
    (a) Definitions.--Section 551(c) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2130) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting after ``United States 
    Code)'' the following: ``or active status (as that term is defined 
    in subsection (d)(4) of such section)'';
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) by striking ```national service''' and inserting 
        ```public service'''; and
            (B) by striking ``or State Government'' and inserting ``, 
        State, Tribal, or local government'';
        (3) in paragraph (3)--
            (A) by striking ```public service''' and inserting 
        ```national service'''; and
            (B) by striking ``employment'' and inserting 
        ``participation''; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(4) The term `establishment date' means September 19, 
    2017.''.
    (b) Exception to Paperwork Reduction Act.--Section 555(e) of that 
Act (130 Stat. 2134) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
        ``(4) Paperwork reduction act.--For purposes of developing its 
    recommendations, the information collection of the Commission may 
    be treated as a pilot project under section 3505(a) of title 44, 
    United States Code. In addition, the Commission shall not be 
    subject to the requirements of section 3506(c)(2)(A) of such 
    title.''.
    SEC. 595. PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF TOP-LINE NUMBERS OF DEPLOYED 
      MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), the 
Secretary of Defense shall make publicly available, on a quarterly 
basis, on a website of the Department the top-line numbers of members 
of the Armed Forces deployed for each country as of the date of the 
submittal of the report and the total number of members of the Armed 
Forces so deployed during the quarter covered by the report.
    (b) Waiver.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary may waive the requirement under 
    subsection (a) in the case of a sensitive military operation if--
            (A) the Secretary determines the public disclosure of the 
        number of deployed members of the Armed Forces could reasonably 
        be expected to provide an operational military advantage to an 
        adversary; or
            (B) members of the Armed Forces are deployed for a period 
        that does not exceed 30 days.
        (2) Notice.-- If the Secretary issues a waiver under this 
    subsection, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
    Services of the Senate and House of Representatives--
            (A) a notice of the waiver; and
            (B) the reasons for the determination to issue the waiver.
    (c) Sensitive Military Operation Defined.--The term ``sensitive 
military operation'' has the meaning given that term in section 130f(d) 
of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 596. REPORT ON GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICER COSTS.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than nine months after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on general and flag officer 
costs.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include cost estimates for direct and indirect costs associated with 
general and flag officers generally and for specific positions in 
accordance with the recommendations of the report of the Office of the 
Secretary of Defense, Office of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation 
titled ``Defining General and Flag Officer Costs'' dated December 2017, 
including--
        (1) direct compensation for all general and flag officers and 
    for specific general and flag officer positions, using the full 
    cost of manpower model to estimate where possible;
        (2) personal money allowances for positions that receive an 
    allowance;
        (3) deferred compensation and health care costs for all general 
    and flag officers and for specific general and flag officer 
    positions;
        (4) costs associated with providing security details for 
    specific general and flag officer positions that merit continuous 
    security;
        (5) costs associated with Government and commercial travel for 
    general and flag officers who qualify for tier one or two travel, 
    including commercial travel costs using defense travel system data;
        (6) general flag officer per diems for specific positions, 
    based on average travel per diem costs;
        (7) costs for enlisted and officer aide housing for general and 
    flag officers generally and for specific general and flag officer 
    positions, including basic housing assistance costs for staff;
        (8) on a case-by-case basis, costs associated with enlisted and 
    officer aide travel, taking into consideration the cost of data 
    collection;
        (9) costs associated with additional support staff for general 
    and flag officers and their travel, equipment, and per diem costs 
    for all general and flag officers and specific general and flag 
    officer positions based on the average numbers per general or flag 
    officer and estimations using the full cost of manpower model;
        (10) costs associated with the upkeep and maintenance of 
    official residences not captured by basic housing assistance; and
        (11) costs associated with training for general and flag 
    officers generally and specific general and flag officer positions 
    using estimations from the full cost of manpower model.
    SEC. 597. STUDY ON ACTIVE SERVICE OBLIGATIONS FOR MEDICAL TRAINING 
      WITH OTHER SERVICE OBLIGATIONS FOR EDUCATION OR TRAINING AND 
      HEALTH PROFESSIONAL RECRUITING.
    (a) Review.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
House of Representatives a briefing and report on the effects of 
consecutive service on active duty service obligations for medical 
training as they relate to other service obligations for education or 
training.
    (b) Matters Included.--The briefing and report under subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
        (1) The extent to which consecutive active duty service 
    obligations for medical education and training may affect 
    recruiting and retention of health professionals in the military 
    health system.
        (2) The extent to which the military departments and the 
    Department of Defense use incentive pay authority to recruit and 
    retain health professionals.
        (3) The extent to which the military departments and the 
    Department of Defense consider geographic location and competition 
    in the civilian health professional marketplace when developing 
    incentive pay and competitive salaries.
        (4) A comparison of salaries for--
            (A) military physicians and dentists with critical medical 
        and dental skills; and
            (B) civilian physicians and dentists with comparable 
        skills.
        (5) The extent to which consecutive service obligations may 
    result in unintended consequences relating to--
            (A) general medical officers;
            (B) residency training;
            (C) enrollment at the Uniformed Services University; and
            (D) other matters related to consecutive service 
        obligations on medical training.
        (6) Any other matter the Comptroller General determines is 
    appropriate.
    SEC. 598. CRITERIA FOR INTERMENT AT ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY.
    (a) Criteria.--The Secretary of the Army, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Defense, shall prescribe revised criteria for interment at 
Arlington National Cemetery that preserve Arlington National Cemetery 
as an active burial ground ``well into the future,'' as that term is 
used in the report submitted by the Secretary of the Army to the 
Committees on Veterans' Affairs and the Committees on Armed Services of 
the House of Representatives and the Senate, dated February 14, 2017, 
and titled ``The Future of Arlington National Cemetery: Report on the 
Cemetery's Interment and Inurnment Capacity 2017''.
    (b) Deadline.--The Secretary of the Army shall establish the 
criteria under subsection (a) not later than September 30, 2019.
    SEC. 599. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS PENDING SUBMITTAL OF REPORT ON 
      ARMY MARKETING AND ADVERTISING PROGRAM.
    (a) Report Required.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Army shall submit to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
    Representatives a report on the recommendations contained in the 
    audit conducted by the Army Audit Agency of the Army's Marketing 
    and Advertising Program concerning contract oversight and return on 
    investment.
        (2) Contents.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
    address each of the following:
            (A) The mitigation and oversight measures implemented to 
        assure improved program return and contract management 
        including the establishment of specific goals to measure long-
        term effects of investments in marketing efforts.
            (B) The establishment of a review process to regularly 
        evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of marketing efforts 
        including efforts to better support the accessions missions of 
        the Army.
            (C) The increase of acquisition and marketing experience 
        within the Army Marketing and Research Group (hereafter in this 
        section referred to as the ``AMRG'').
            (D) A workforce analysis of the AMRG in cooperation with 
        the Office of Personnel Management and industry experts 
        assessing the AMRG organizational structure, staffing, and 
        training, including an assessment of the workplace climate and 
        culture internal to the AMRG.
            (E) The establishment of an Army Marketing and Advisory 
        Board comprised of senior Army and marketing and advertising 
        leaders and an assessment of industry and service marketing and 
        advertising best practices, including a plan to incorporate 
        relevant practices.
            (F) The status of the implementation of contracting 
        practices recommended by the Army Audit Agency's audit of 
        contracting oversight of the AMRG contained in Audit Report A-
        2018-0033-MTH.
    (b) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Not more than 60 percent of the 
amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available in 
this Act for the AMRG for fiscal year 2019 for advertising and 
marketing activities may be obligated or expended until the Secretary 
of the Army submits the report required by subsection (a).
    (c) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date of the submittal of the report required by subsection (a), the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct a review of the 
results and implementation of the recommendations of the Army Audit 
Agency Audits of the AMRG on contract oversight and return on 
investment. Such review shall include an assessment of the effects of 
the implementation of the recommendations on the AMRG leadership, 
workforce and business practices, and return on investment.
    SEC. 600. PROOF OF PERIOD OF MILITARY SERVICE FOR PURPOSES OF 
      INTEREST RATE LIMITATION UNDER THE SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF 
      ACT.
    Section 207(b)(1) of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 
3937(b)(1)) is amended to read as follows:
        ``(1) Proof of military service.--
            ``(A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of a servicemember's termination or release from military 
        service, in order for an obligation or liability of the 
        servicemember to be subject to the interest rate limitation in 
        subsection (a), the servicemember shall provide to the creditor 
        written notice and a copy of--
                ``(i) the military orders calling the servicemember to 
            military service and any orders further extending military 
            service; or
                ``(ii) any other appropriate indicator of military 
            service, including a certified letter from a commanding 
            officer.
            ``(B) Independent verification by creditor.--
                ``(i) In general.--A creditor may use, in lieu of 
            notice and documentation under subparagraph (A), 
            information retrieved from the Defense Manpower Data Center 
            through the creditor's normal business reviews of such 
            Center for purposes of obtaining information indicating 
            that the servicemember is on active duty.
                ``(ii) Safe harbor.--A creditor that uses the 
            information retrieved from the Defense Manpower Data Center 
            under clause (i) with respect to a servicemember has not 
            failed to treat the debt of the servicemember in accordance 
            with subsection (a) if--

                    ``(I) such information indicates that, on the date 
                the creditor retrieves such information, the 
                servicemember is not on active duty; and
                    ``(II) the creditor has not, by the end of the 180-
                day period under subparagraph (A), received the written 
                notice and documentation required under that 
                subparagraph with respect to the servicemember.''.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Repeal of authority for payment of personal money allowances 
          to Navy officers serving in certain positions.
Sec. 602. Eligibility of reserve component members for high-deployment 
          allowance for lengthy or numerous deployments and frequent 
          mobilizations.
Sec. 603. Prohibition on per diem allowance reductions based on the 
          duration of temporary duty assignment or civilian travel.
Sec. 604. Extension of parking expenses allowance to civilian employees 
          at recruiting facilities.
Sec. 605. Eligibility of reserve component members for nonreduction in 
          pay while serving in the uniformed services or National Guard.
Sec. 606. Military Housing Privatization Initiative.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
          authorities.
Sec. 612. Report on imminent danger pay and hostile fire pay.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 621. Extension of certain morale, welfare, and recreation 
          privileges to certain veterans and their caregivers.
Sec. 622. Technical corrections in calculation and publication of 
          special survivor indemnity allowance cost of living 
          adjustments.
Sec. 623. Authority to award damaged personal protective equipment to 
          members separating from the Armed Forces and veterans as 
          mementos of military service.
Sec. 624. Space-available travel on Department of Defense aircraft for 
          veterans with service-connected disabilities rated as total.
Sec. 625. Mandatory increase in insurance coverage under Servicemembers' 
          Group Life Insurance for members deployed to combat theaters 
          of operation.
Sec. 626. Access to military installations for certain surviving spouses 
          and other next of kin of members of the Armed Forces who die 
          while on active duty or certain reserve duty.
Sec. 627. Study and report on development of a single defense resale 
          system.

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

    SEC. 601. REPEAL OF AUTHORITY FOR PAYMENT OF PERSONAL MONEY 
      ALLOWANCES TO NAVY OFFICERS SERVING IN CERTAIN POSITIONS.
    (a) Repeal.--Section 414 of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (b); and
        (2) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on December 31, 2018, and shall apply with respect to 
personal money allowances payable under section 414 of title 37, United 
States Code, for years beginning after that date.
    SEC. 602. ELIGIBILITY OF RESERVE COMPONENT MEMBERS FOR HIGH-
      DEPLOYMENT ALLOWANCE FOR LENGTHY OR NUMEROUS DEPLOYMENTS AND 
      FREQUENT MOBILIZATIONS.
    Section 436(a)(2)(C)(ii) of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting ``section 12304b of title 10 or'' after ``under'' 
the first place it appears.
    SEC. 603. PROHIBITION ON PER DIEM ALLOWANCE REDUCTIONS BASED ON THE 
      DURATION OF TEMPORARY DUTY ASSIGNMENT OR CIVILIAN TRAVEL.
    (a) Members.--Section 474(d)(3) of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``The 
Secretary of a military department shall not alter the amount of the 
per diem allowance, or the maximum amount of reimbursement, for a 
locality based on the duration of the temporary duty assignment in the 
locality of a member of the armed forces under the jurisdiction of the 
Secretary.''.
    (b) Civilian Employees.--Section 5702(a)(2) of title 5, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
sentence: ``The Secretary of Defense shall not alter the amount of the 
per diem allowance, or the maximum amount of reimbursement, for a 
locality based on the duration of the travel in the locality of an 
employee of the Department.''.
    (c) Repeals.--
        (1) Existing policy and regulations.--The policy, and any 
    regulations issued pursuant to such policy, implemented by the 
    Secretary of Defense on November 1, 2014, with respect to 
    reductions in per diem allowances based on duration of temporary 
    duty assignment or civilian travel shall have no force or effect.
        (2) Attempted statutory fix.--Section 672 of the National 
    Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
    37 U.S.C. 474 note; 130 Stat. 2178) is repealed.
    SEC. 604. EXTENSION OF PARKING EXPENSES ALLOWANCE TO CIVILIAN 
      EMPLOYEES AT RECRUITING FACILITIES.
    Section 481i(b)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``as a recruiter for any'' and inserting ``at a recruiting 
facility''.
    SEC. 605. ELIGIBILITY OF RESERVE COMPONENT MEMBERS FOR NONREDUCTION 
      IN PAY WHILE SERVING IN THE UNIFORMED SERVICES OR NATIONAL GUARD.
    Section 5538(a) of title 5, United States Code, is amended in the 
matter preceding paragraph (1) by inserting ``section 12304b of title 
10 or'' after ``under''.
    SEC. 606. MILITARY HOUSING PRIVATIZATION INITIATIVE.
    (a) Payment Authority.--Each month beginning on the first month 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall pay a 
lessor of covered housing 5 percent of the amount calculated under 
section 403(b)(3)(A)(i) of title 37, United States Code, for the area 
in which the covered housing exists. Any such payment shall be in 
addition to any other payment made by the Secretary to that lessor.
    (b) Plan for MHPI Housing.--Not later than December 1, 2018, the 
Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a long-
range plan to develop measures to consistently address the future 
sustainment, recapitalization, and financial condition of MHPI housing. 
The plan shall include--
        (1) efforts to mitigate the losses incurred by MHPI housing 
    projects because of the reductions to BAH under section 603 of the 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
    114-92; 37 U.S.C. 403(b)(3)(B)); and
        (2) a full assessment of the effects of such reductions (in 
    relation to calculations of market rates for rent and utilities) on 
    the financial condition of MHPI housing.
    (c) Reporting.--The Secretary shall direct the Assistant Secretary 
of Defense for Energy, Installations, and Environment to take the 
following steps regarding reports under section 2884(c) of title 10, 
United States Code:
        (1) Provide additional contextual information on MHPI housing 
    to identify any differences in the calculation of debt coverage 
    ratios and any effect of such differences on their comparability.
        (2) Immediately resume issuing such reports on the financial 
    condition of MHPI housing.
        (3) Revise Department of Defense guidance on MHPI housing--
            (A) to ensure that relevant financial data (such as debt 
        coverage ratios) in such reports are consistent and comparable 
        in terms of the time periods of the data collected;
            (B) to include a requirement that the secretary of each 
        military department includes measures of future sustainment 
        into each assessments of MHPI housing projects; and
            (C) to require the secretary of each military department to 
        define risk tolerance regarding the future sustainability of 
        MHPI housing projects.
        (4) Report financial information on future sustainment of each 
    MHPI housing project in such reports.
        (5) Provide Department of Defense guidance to the secretaries 
    of the military departments to--
            (A) assess the significance of the specific risks to 
        individual MHPI housing projects from the reduction in BAH; and
            (B) identify methods to mitigate such risks based on their 
        significance.
        (6) Not later than December 1, 2018, finalize Department of 
    Defense guidance that clearly defines--
            (A) the circumstances in which the military departments 
        shall provide notification of housing project changes to the 
        congressional defense committees; and
            (B) which types of such changes require prior notification 
        to or prior approval from the congressional defense committees.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``BAH'' means the basic allowance for housing 
    under section 403 of title 37, United States Code.
        (2) The term ``covered housing'' means a unit of MHPI housing 
    that is leased to a member of a uniformed service who resides in 
    such unit.
        (3) The term ``MHPI housing'' means housing acquired or 
    constructed under the alternative authority of subchapter IV of 
    chapter 169 of title 10, United States Code (known as the Military 
    Housing Privatization Initiative) on or before September 30, 2014.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

    SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN EXPIRING BONUS AND SPECIAL 
      PAY AUTHORITIES.
    (a) Authorities Relating to Reserve Forces.--Section 910(g) of 
title 37, United States Code, relating to income replacement payments 
for reserve component members experiencing extended and frequent 
mobilization for active duty service, is amended by striking ``December 
31, 2018'' and inserting ``December 31, 2019''.
    (b) Title 10 Authorities Relating to Health Care Professionals.--
The following sections of title 10, United States Code, are amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2018'' and inserting ``December 31, 2019'':
        (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer candidate 
    accession program.
        (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education loans 
    for certain health professionals who serve in the Selected Reserve.
    (c) Authorities Relating to Nuclear Officers.--Section 333(i) of 
title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 
2018'' and inserting ``December 31, 2019''.
    (d) Authorities Relating to Title 37 Consolidated Special Pay, 
Incentive Pay, and Bonus Authorities.--The following sections of title 
37, United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2018'' 
and inserting ``December 31, 2019'':
        (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
    enlisted members.
        (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
    officers.
        (3) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive pay 
    and bonus authorities for officers.
        (4) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive pay 
    authorities for officers in health professions.
        (5) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for cadets 
    and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
    Corps.
        (6) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
        (7) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special duty 
    pay.
        (8) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
    proficiency bonus.
        (9) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
    members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to high 
    priority units.
    (e) Authority to Provide Temporary Increase in Rates of Basic 
Allowance for Housing.--Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 37, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 2018'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2019''.
    SEC. 612. REPORT ON IMMINENT DANGER PAY AND HOSTILE FIRE PAY.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a report examining the current 
processes for awarding imminent danger pay and hostile fire pay to 
members of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Elements.--This report under this section shall include the 
following:
        (1) An analysis of difficulties in implementing the current 
    system.
        (2) An explanation of how geographic regions are selected to be 
    eligible for such pay and the criteria used to define these 
    regions.
        (3) An examination of whether the current geographic model is 
    the most appropriate way to award such pay, including the 
    following:
            (A) A discussion of whether the current model most 
        accurately reflects the realities of modern warfare and is 
        responsive enough to the needs of members.
            (B) Whether the Secretary believes it would be appropriate 
        to tie such pay to specific authorizations for deployments 
        (including deployments of special operations forces) in 
        addition to geographic criteria.
            (C) A description of any change the Secretary would 
        consider to update such pay to reflect the current operational 
        environment.
            (D) How the Secretary would implement each change under 
        subparagraph (C).
            (E) Recommendations of the Secretary for related 
        regulations or legislative action.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

    SEC. 621. EXTENSION OF CERTAIN MORALE, WELFARE, AND RECREATION 
      PRIVILEGES TO CERTAIN VETERANS AND THEIR CAREGIVERS.
    (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Purple Heart 
and Disabled Veterans Equal Access Act of 2018''.
    (b) Commissary Stores and MWR Facilities Privileges for Certain 
Veterans and Veteran Caregivers.--
        (1) Extension of privileges.--Chapter 54 of title 10, United 
    States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
    section:
``Sec. 1065. Use of commissary stores and MWR facilities: certain 
    veterans and caregivers for veterans
    ``(a) Eligibility of Veterans Awarded the Purple Heart.--A veteran 
who was awarded the Purple Heart shall be permitted to use commissary 
stores and MWR facilities on the same basis as a member of the armed 
forces entitled to retired or retainer pay.
    ``(b) Eligibility of Veterans Who Are Medal of Honor Recipients.--A 
veteran who is a Medal of Honor recipient shall be permitted to use 
commissary stores and MWR facilities on the same basis as a member of 
the armed forces entitled to retired or retainer pay.
    ``(c) Eligibility of Veterans Who Are Former Prisoners of War.--A 
veteran who is a former prisoner of war shall be permitted to use 
commissary stores and MWR facilities on the same basis as a member of 
the armed forces entitled to retired or retainer pay.
    ``(d) Eligibility of Veterans With Service-Connected 
Disabilities.--A veteran with a service-connected disability shall be 
permitted to use commissary stores and MWR facilities on the same basis 
as a member of the armed forces entitled to retired or retainer pay.
    ``(e) Eligibility of Caregivers for Veterans.--A caregiver or 
family caregiver shall be permitted to use commissary stores and MWR 
facilities on the same basis as a member of the armed forces entitled 
to retired or retainer pay.
    ``(f) User Fee Authority.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
prescribe regulations that impose a user fee on individuals who are 
eligible solely under this section to purchase merchandise at a 
commissary store or MWR retail facility.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall set the user fee under this subsection at 
a rate that the Secretary determines will offset any increase in 
expenses arising from this section borne by the Department of the 
Treasury on behalf of commissary stores associated with the use of 
credit or debit cards for customer purchases, including expenses 
related to card network use and related transaction processing fees.
    ``(3) The Secretary shall deposit funds collected pursuant to a 
user fee under this subsection in the General Fund of the Treasury.
    ``(4) Any fee under this subsection is in addition to the uniform 
surcharge under section 2484(d) of this title.
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `MWR facilities' includes--
            ``(A) MWR retail facilities, as that term is defined in 
        section 1063(e) of this title; and
            ``(B) military lodging operated by the Department of 
        Defense for the morale, welfare, and recreation of members of 
        the armed forces.
        ``(2) The term `Medal of Honor recipient' has the meaning given 
    that term in section 1074h(c) of this title.
        ``(3) The terms `veteran', `former prisoner of war', and 
    `service-connected' have the meanings given those terms in section 
    101 of title 38.
        ``(4) The terms `caregiver' and `family caregiver' have the 
    meanings given those terms in section in section 1720G(d) of title 
    38.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 54 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
    at the end the following new item:

``1065. Use of commissary stores and MWR facilities: certain veterans 
          and caregivers for veterans.''.

        (3) Effective date.--Section 1065 of title 10, United States 
    Code, as added by paragraph (1), shall take effect on January 1, 
    2020.
        (4) Briefing required.--Not later than October 1, 2019, the 
    Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
    Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a briefing on 
    the plan of the Secretary to implement section 1065 of title 10, 
    United States Code, as added by paragraph (1).
    SEC. 622. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS IN CALCULATION AND PUBLICATION OF 
      SPECIAL SURVIVOR INDEMNITY ALLOWANCE COST OF LIVING ADJUSTMENTS.
    (a) Months for Which Adjustment Applicable.--Paragraph (2) of 
section 1450(m) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (I), by striking ``December'' and inserting 
    ``November''; and
        (2) in subparagraph (J), by striking ``for months during any 
    calendar year after 2018'' and inserting ``for months after 
    November 2018''.
    (b) Cost of Living Adjustment.--Paragraph (6) of such section is 
amended--
        (1) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``after 2018'' and 
    inserting ``after november 2018''; and
        (2) by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B) and inserting the 
    following new subparagraphs:
            ``(A) In general.--Whenever retired pay is increased for a 
        month under section 1401a of this title (or any other provision 
        of law), the amount of the allowance payable under paragraph 
        (1) for that month shall also be increased.
            ``(B) Amount of increase.--With respect to an eligible 
        survivor of a member of the uniformed services, the increase 
        for a month shall be--
                ``(i) the amount payable pursuant to paragraph (2) for 
            months during the preceding 12-month period; plus
                ``(ii) an amount equal to a percentage of the amount 
            determined pursuant to clause (i), which percentage is the 
            percentage by which the retired pay of the member would 
            have increased for the month, as described in subparagraph 
            (A), if the member was alive (and otherwise entitled to 
            such pay).
            ``(C) Rounding down.--The monthly amount of an allowance 
        payable under this subsection, if not a multiple of $1, shall 
        be rounded to the next lower multiple of $1.
            ``(D) Public notice on amount of allowance payable.--
        Whenever an increase in the amount of the allowance payable 
        under paragraph (1) is made pursuant to this paragraph, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall publish the amount of the allowance 
        so payable by reason of such increase, including the months for 
        which payable.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on December 1, 2018.
    SEC. 623. AUTHORITY TO AWARD DAMAGED PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 
      TO MEMBERS SEPARATING FROM THE ARMED FORCES AND VETERANS AS 
      MEMENTOS OF MILITARY SERVICE.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 152 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2568a. Damaged personal protective equipment: award to members 
     separating from the Armed Forces and veterans
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of a military department, acting 
through a disposition service distribution center of the Defense 
Logistics Agency, may award to a covered individual the demilitarized 
PPE of that covered individual. The award of PPE under this section 
shall be without cost to the covered individual.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `covered individual' means--
            ``(A) a member of the armed forces--
                ``(i) under the jurisdiction of the Secretary 
            concerned; and
                ``(ii) who is separating from the armed forces; or
            ``(B) a veteran who was under the jurisdiction of the 
        Secretary concerned while a member of the armed forces.
        ``(2) The term `PPE' means personal protective equipment that 
    was damaged in combat or otherwise--
            ``(A) during the deployment of a covered individual; and
            ``(B) after September 11, 2001.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 152 of such title is amended by adding at the end the following 
new item:

``2568a. Damaged personal protective equipment: award to members 
          separating from the armed forces and veterans.''.
    SEC. 624. SPACE-AVAILABLE TRAVEL ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AIRCRAFT 
      FOR VETERANS WITH SERVICE-CONNECTED DISABILITIES RATED AS TOTAL.
    (a) In General.--Subsection (c) of section 2641b of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as paragraphs (5) 
    and (6), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
    paragraph (4):
        ``(4) Subject to subsection (f), veterans with a permanent 
    service-connected disability rated as total.''.
    (b) Conditions and Limitations.--Such section is further amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
    subsection (f):
    ``(f) Veterans With Service-connected Disabilities Rated as 
Total.--(1) Travel may not be provided under this section to a veteran 
eligible for travel pursuant to subsection (c)(4) in priority over any 
member eligible for travel under subsection (c)(1) or any dependent of 
such a member eligible for travel under this section.
    ``(2) The authority in subsection (c)(4) may not be construed as 
affecting or in any way imposing on the Department of Defense, any 
armed force, or any commercial company with which they contract an 
obligation or expectation that they will retrofit or alter, in any way, 
military aircraft or commercial aircraft, or related equipment or 
facilities, used or leased by the Department or such armed force to 
accommodate passengers provided travel under such authority on account 
of disability.
    ``(3) The authority in subsection (c)(4) may not be construed as 
preempting the authority of a flight commander to determine who boards 
the aircraft and any other matters in connection with safe operation of 
the aircraft.''.
    SEC. 625. MANDATORY INCREASE IN INSURANCE COVERAGE UNDER 
      SERVICEMEMBERS' GROUP LIFE INSURANCE FOR MEMBERS DEPLOYED TO 
      COMBAT THEATERS OF OPERATION.
    Section 1967(a)(3) of title 38, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``subparagraphs (B) and 
    (C)'' and inserting ``subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D)''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
        ``(D) In the case of a member who elects under paragraph (2)(A) 
    not to be insured under this section, or who elects under 
    subparagraph (B) to be insured for an amount less than the maximum 
    amount provided under subparagraph (A), and who is deployed to a 
    combat theater of operations the member--
            ``(i) shall be insured under this subchapter for the 
        maximum amount provided under subparagraph (A) for the period 
        of such deployment; and
            ``(ii) upon the end of such deployment--
                ``(I) shall be insured in the amount elected by the 
            member under subparagraph (B); or
                ``(II) shall not be insured, if so elected under 
            paragraph (2)(A).''.
    SEC. 626. ACCESS TO MILITARY INSTALLATIONS FOR CERTAIN SURVIVING 
      SPOUSES AND OTHER NEXT OF KIN OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WHO 
      DIE WHILE ON ACTIVE DUTY OR CERTAIN RESERVE DUTY.
    (a) Procedures for Access of Surviving Spouses Required.--The 
Secretary of Defense, acting jointly with the Secretary of Homeland 
Security, shall establish procedures by which an eligible surviving 
spouse may obtain unescorted access, as appropriate, to military 
installations in order to receive benefits to which the eligible 
surviving spouse may be entitled by law or policy.
    (b) Procedures for Access of Next of Kin Authorized.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting jointly with 
    the Secretary of Homeland Security, may establish procedures by 
    which the next of kin of a covered member of the Armed Forces, in 
    addition to an eligible surviving spouse, may obtain access to 
    military installations for such purposes and under such conditions 
    as the Secretaries jointly consider appropriate.
        (2) Next of kin.--If the Secretaries establish procedures 
    pursuant to paragraph (1), the Secretaries shall jointly specify 
    the individuals who shall constitute next of kin for purposes of 
    such procedures.
    (c) Considerations.--Any procedures established under this section 
shall--
        (1) be applied consistently across the Department of Defense 
    and the Department of Homeland Security, including all components 
    of the Departments;
        (2) minimize any administrative burden on a surviving spouse or 
    dependent child, including through the elimination of any 
    requirement for a surviving spouse to apply as a personal agent for 
    continued access to military installations in accompaniment of a 
    dependent child;
        (3) take into account measures required to ensure the security 
    of military installations, including purpose and eligibility for 
    access and renewal periodicity; and
        (4) take into account such other factors as the Secretary of 
    Defense or the Secretary of Homeland Security considers 
    appropriate.
    (d) Deadline.--The procedures required by subsection (a) shall be 
established by the date that is not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``eligible surviving spouse'' means an individual 
    who is a surviving spouse of a covered member of the Armed Forces, 
    without regard to whether the individual remarries after the death 
    of the covered member of the Armed Forces.
        (2) The term ``covered member of the Armed Forces'' means a 
    member of the Armed Forces who dies while serving--
            (A) on active duty; or
            (B) on such reserve duty as the Secretary of Defense and 
        the Secretary of Homeland Security may jointly specify for 
        purposes of this section.
    SEC. 627. STUDY AND REPORT ON DEVELOPMENT OF A SINGLE DEFENSE 
      RESALE SYSTEM.
    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study to 
determine the feasibility of consolidating the military resale entities 
into a single defense resale system. Such study shall include the 
following:
        (1) A financial assessment of consolidation of the military 
    resale entities.
        (2) A business case analysis of consolidation of the military 
    resale entities.
        (3) Organizational, operational, and business model integration 
    plans for consolidation of the military resale entities.
        (4) Determinations of which back-office processes and systems 
    associated with finance and payment processing technologies the 
    Secretary could convert to common technologies.
    (b) Report.--Not later than January 1, 2019, the Secretary shall 
submit a report to the congressional defense committees regarding the 
study under subsection (a). That report shall contain the following:
        (1) Details of the internal and external organizational 
    structures of a consolidated defense resale system.
        (2) Recommendations of the Secretaries of each of the military 
    departments regarding the plan to consolidate the military resale 
    entities.
        (3) The costs and associated plan for the merger of 
    technologies or implementation of new technology from a third-party 
    provider to standardize financial management and accounting 
    processes of a consolidated defense resale system.
        (4) Best practices to maximize reductions in costs associated 
    with back-office retail payment processing for a consolidated 
    defense resale system.
        (5) A timeline for converting the Defense Commissary Agency 
    into a non-appropriated fund instrumentality under section 2484(j) 
    of title 10, United States Code.
        (6) A determination whether the business case analysis supports 
    consolidation of the military resale entities.
        (7) Recommendations of the Secretary for legislation related to 
    consolidation of the military resale entities.
        (8) Other elements the Secretary determines are necessary for a 
    successful evaluation of a consolidation of the military resale 
    entities.
    (c) Prohibition on Use of Funds.--None of the amounts authorized to 
be appropriated or otherwise made available in this Act may be 
obligated or expended for the purpose of implementing consolidation of 
the military resale entities until October 1, 2019.
    (d) Military Resale Entities Defined.--In this section the term 
``military resale entities'' means--
        (1) the Defense Commissary Agency;
        (2) the Army and Air Force Exchange Service;
        (3) the Navy Exchange; and
        (4) the Marine Corps Exchange.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Cessation of requirement for mental health assessment of 
          members after redeployment from a contingency operation upon 
          discharge or release from the Armed Forces.
Sec. 702. Pilot program on treatment of members of the Armed Forces for 
          post-traumatic stress disorder related to military sexual 
          trauma.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Improvement of administration of the Defense Health Agency and 
          military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 712. Organizational framework of the military healthcare system to 
          support the medical requirements of the combatant commands.
Sec. 713. Administration of TRICARE dental plans through the Federal 
          Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program.
Sec. 714. Streamlining of TRICARE Prime beneficiary referral process.
Sec. 715. Sharing of information with State prescription drug monitoring 
          programs.
Sec. 716. Pilot program on opioid management in the military health 
          system.
Sec. 717. Wounded warrior policy review.
Sec. 718. Medical simulation technology and live tissue training within 
          the Department of Defense.
Sec. 719. Improvements to trauma center partnerships.
Sec. 720. Improvement to notification to Congress of hospitalization of 
          combat-wounded members of the Armed Forces.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 731. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
          Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration 
          Fund.
Sec. 732. Joint forces medical capabilities development and 
          standardization.
Sec. 733. Inclusion of gambling disorder in health assessments of 
          members of the Armed Forces and related research efforts.
Sec. 734. Report on requirement for certain former members of the Armed 
          Forces to enroll in Medicare Part B to be eligible for TRICARE 
          for Life.
Sec. 735. Pilot program on earning by special operations forces medics 
          of credit toward a physician assistant degree.
Sec. 736. Strategic medical research plan.
Sec. 737. Comptroller General of the United States review of Defense 
          Health Agency oversight of transition between managed care 
          support contractors for the TRICARE program.
Sec. 738. Comptroller General study on availability of long-term care 
          options for veterans from Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 739. Increase in number of appointed members of the Henry M. 
          Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine.

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

    SEC. 701. CESSATION OF REQUIREMENT FOR MENTAL HEALTH ASSESSMENT OF 
      MEMBERS AFTER REDEPLOYMENT FROM A CONTINGENCY OPERATION UPON 
      DISCHARGE OR RELEASE FROM THE ARMED FORCES.
    Section 1074m of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(1)(C), by striking ``Once'' and inserting 
    ``Subject to subsection (d), once''; and
        (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``subsection (a)(1)(D)'' and 
    inserting ``subparagraph (C) or (D) of subsection (a)(1)''.
    SEC. 702. PILOT PROGRAM ON TREATMENT OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
      FOR POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER RELATED TO MILITARY SEXUAL 
      TRAUMA.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a pilot 
program to assess the feasibility and advisability of using intensive 
outpatient programs to treat members of the Armed Forces suffering from 
post-traumatic stress disorder resulting from military sexual trauma, 
including treatment for substance abuse, depression, and other issues 
related to such conditions.
    (b) Discharge Through Partnerships.--The pilot program authorized 
by subsection (a) shall be carried out through partnerships with 
public, private, and non-profit health care organizations, 
universities, and institutions that--
        (1) provide health care to members of the Armed Forces;
        (2) provide evidence-based treatment for psychological and 
    neurological conditions that are common among members of the Armed 
    Forces, including post-traumatic stress disorder, traumatic brain 
    injury, substance abuse, and depression;
        (3) provide health care, support, and other benefits to family 
    members of members of the Armed Forces; and
        (4) provide health care under the TRICARE program (as that term 
    is defined in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code).
    (c) Program Activities.--Each organization or institution that 
participates in a partnership under the pilot program authorized by 
subsection (a) shall--
        (1) carry out intensive outpatient programs of short duration 
    to treat members of the Armed Forces suffering from post-traumatic 
    stress disorder resulting from military sexual trauma, including 
    treatment for substance abuse, depression, and other issues related 
    to such conditions;
        (2) use evidence-based and evidence-informed treatment 
    strategies in carrying out such programs;
        (3) share clinical and outreach best practices with other 
    organizations and institutions participating in the pilot program; 
    and
        (4) annually assess outcomes for members of the Armed Forces 
    individually and among the organizations and institutions 
    participating in the pilot program with respect to the treatment of 
    conditions described in paragraph (1).
    (d) Evaluation Metrics.--Before commencement of the pilot program, 
the Secretary shall establish metrics to be used to evaluate the 
effectiveness of the pilot program and the activities under the pilot 
program.
    (e) Reports.--
        (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives a report on the pilot program authorized by 
    subsection (a). The report shall include a description of the pilot 
    program and such other matters on the pilot program as the 
    Secretary considers appropriate.
        (2) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after the cessation 
    of the pilot program under subsection (f), the Secretary shall 
    submit to the committees of Congress referred to in paragraph (1) a 
    report on the pilot program. The report shall include the 
    following:
            (A) A description of the pilot program, including the 
        partnerships under the pilot program as described in subsection 
        (b).
            (B) An assessment of the effectiveness of the pilot program 
        and the activities under the pilot program.
            (C) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
        action as the Secretary considers appropriate in light of the 
        pilot program, including recommendations for extension or 
        making permanent the authority for the pilot program.
    (f) Termination.--The Secretary may not carry out the pilot program 
authorized by subsection (a) after the date that is three years after 
the date of the enactment of this Act.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

    SEC. 711. IMPROVEMENT OF ADMINISTRATION OF THE DEFENSE HEALTH 
      AGENCY AND MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES.
    (a) Administration of Facilities by Director of Defense Health 
Agency.--
        (1) In general.--Subsection (a) of section 1073c of title 10, 
    United States Code, is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Beginning October 1, 
        2018,'' and inserting ``In accordance with paragraph (4), by 
        not later than September 30, 2021,'';
            (B) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs 
        (3) and (5), respectively;
            (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph (2):
    ``(2) In addition to the responsibilities set forth in paragraph 
(1), the Director of the Defense Health Agency shall, commencing when 
the Director begins to exercise responsibilities under that paragraph, 
have the authority--
        ``(A) to direct, control, and serve as the primary rater of the 
    performance of commanders or directors of military medical 
    treatment facilities;
        ``(B) to direct and control any intermediary organizations 
    between the Defense Health Agency and military medical treatment 
    facilities;
        ``(C) to determine the scope of medical care provided at each 
    military medical treatment facility to meet the military personnel 
    readiness requirements of the senior military operational commander 
    of the military installation;
        ``(D) to determine total workforce requirements at each 
    military medical treatment facility;
        ``(E) to direct joint manning at military medical treatment 
    facilities and intermediary organizations;
        ``(F) to address personnel staffing shortages at military 
    medical treatment facilities; and
        ``(G) to select among service nominations for commanders or 
    directors of military medical treatment facilities.'';
            (D) by inserting after paragraph (3), as redesignated by 
        subparagraph (B), the following new paragraph (4):
    ``(4) The Secretary of Defense shall establish a timeline to ensure 
that each Secretary of a military department transitions the 
administration of military medical treatment facilities from such 
Secretary to the Director of the Defense Health Agency pursuant to 
paragraph (1) by the date specified in such paragraph.''; and
            (E) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``subsection (a)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (1) and (2)''.
        (2) Combat support responsibilities.--Subsection (d)(2) of such 
    section is amended by adding at the end the following new 
    subparagraph:
        ``(C) Ensuring that the Defense Health Agency meets the 
    military medical readiness requirements of the senior military 
    operational commanders of the military installations.''.
        (3) Limitation on closures and downsizings in connection with 
    transition of administration.--In carrying out the transition of 
    responsibility for the administration of military medical treatment 
    facilities pursuant to subsection (a) of section 1073c of title 10, 
    United States Code (as amended by paragraph (1)), and in addition 
    to any other applicable requirements under section 1073d of that 
    title, the Secretary of Defense may not close any military medical 
    treatment facility, or downsize any medical center, hospital, or 
    ambulatory care center (as specified in section 1073d of that 
    title), that addresses the medical needs of beneficiaries and the 
    community in the vicinity of such facility, center, hospital, or 
    care center until the Secretary submits to the congressional 
    defense committees a report setting forth the following:
            (A) A description of the methodology and criteria to be 
        used by the Secretary to make decisions to close any military 
        medical treatment facility, or to downsize any medical center, 
        hospital, or ambulatory care center, in connection with the 
        transition, including input from the military department 
        concerned.
            (B) A requirement that no closure of a military medical 
        treatment facility, or downsizing of a medical center, 
        hospital, or ambulatory care center, in connection with the 
        transition will occur until 90 days after the date on which 
        Secretary submits to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the closure 
        or downsizing.
    (b) Additional Defense Health Agency Organizations.--
        (1) In general.--Section 1073c of such title is further 
    amended--
            (A) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f); and
            (B) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
        subsection (e):
    ``(e) Additional DHA Organizations.--Not later than September 30, 
2022, the Secretary of Defense shall, acting though the Director of the 
Defense Health Agency, establish within the Defense Health Agency the 
following:
        ``(1) A subordinate organization, to be called the Defense 
    Health Agency Research and Development--
            ``(A) led, at the election of the Director, by a director 
        or commander (to be called the Director or Commander of Defense 
        Health Agency Research and Development);
            ``(B) comprised of the Army Medical Research and Materiel 
        Command and such other medical research organizations and 
        activities of the armed forces as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate; and
            ``(C) responsible for coordinating funding for Defense 
        Health Program Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation, the 
        Congressionally Directed Medical Research Program, and related 
        Department of Defense medical research.
        ``(2) A subordinate organization, to be called the Defense 
    Health Agency Public Health--
            ``(A) led, at the election of the Director, by a director 
        or commander (to be called the Director or Commander of Defense 
        Health Agency Public Health); and
            ``(B) comprised of the Army Public Health Command, the 
        Navy-Marine Corps Public Health Command, Air Force public 
        health programs, and any other related defense health 
        activities that the Secretary considers appropriate, including 
        overseas laboratories focused on preventive medicine, 
        environmental health, and similar matters.''.
        (2) Report on feasibility of further additional organization in 
    dha.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment of 
    this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees 
    on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
    report on a study, conducted by the Secretary for purposes of the 
    report, of the feasibility of establishing with the Defense Health 
    Agency a subordinate organization, to be called the Defense Health 
    Agency Education and Training, to be led by the President of the 
    Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences and to be 
    comprised of the current Medical Education and Training Campus, the 
    Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, the medical 
    education and training commands of the Armed Forces, and such other 
    elements, facilities, and commands of the Department of Defense as 
    the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (c) Report on Feasibility of Superseding Organization for DHA.--
        (1) Report required.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
    the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives a report on a study, conducted by the Secretary for 
    purposes of the report, of the feasibility of establishing a 
    command, to be called the Defense Health Command, as a superseding 
    organization to the Defense Health Agency.
        (2) Elements.--If the Secretary determines in the report under 
    paragraph (1) that a command as a superseding organization to the 
    Defense Health Agency is feasible, the report shall include the 
    following:
            (A) A description of the required responsibilities of the 
        commander of the command.
            (B) A description of any current organizations that support 
        the Defense Health Agency to be included in the command.
            (C) A description of any authorities required for the 
        leadership and direction of the command.
            (D) Any other matters in the connection with the 
        establishment, operations, and activities of the command that 
        the Secretary considers appropriate.
    SEC. 712. ORGANIZATIONAL FRAMEWORK OF THE MILITARY HEALTHCARE 
      SYSTEM TO SUPPORT THE MEDICAL REQUIREMENTS OF THE COMBATANT 
      COMMANDS.
    (a) Organizational Framework Required.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall, acting through 
    the Director of the Defense Health Agency, implement an 
    organizational framework for the military healthcare system that 
    most effectively implements chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
    Code, in a manner that maximizes interoperability and fully 
    integrates medical capabilities of the Armed Forces in order to 
    enhance joint military medical operations in support of 
    requirements of the combatant commands.
        (2) Compliance with certain requirements.--The organizational 
    framework, as implemented, shall comply with all requirements of 
    section 1073c of title 10, United States Code, except for the 
    implementation date specified in subsection (a) of such section.
    (b) Defense Health Regions in CONUS.--The organizational framework 
required by subsection (a) shall meet the requirements as follows:
        (1) Defense health regions.--There shall be not more than two 
    defense health regions in the continental United States.
        (2) Leaders.--Each region under paragraph (1) shall be led by a 
    commander or director who is a member of the Armed Forces serving 
    in a grade not higher than major general or rear admiral, and who--
            (A) shall be selected by the Director of the Defense Health 
        Agency from among members of the Armed Forces recommended by 
        the Secretaries of the military departments for service in such 
        position; and
            (B) shall be under the authority, direction, and control of 
        the Director while serving in such position.
    (c) Defense Health Regions OCONUS.--The organizational framework 
required by subsection (a) shall provide for the establishment of not 
more than two defense health regions outside the continental United 
States in order--
        (1) to enhance joint military medical operations in support of 
    the requirements of the combatant commands in such region or 
    regions, with a specific focus on current and future contingency 
    and operational plans;
        (2) to ensure the provision of high-quality healthcare services 
    to beneficiaries; and
        (3) to improve the interoperability of healthcare delivery 
    systems in the defense health regions (whether under this 
    subsection, subsection (b), or both).
    (d) Planning and Coordination.--
        (1) Sustainment of clinical competencies and staffing.--The 
    Director of the Defense Health Agency shall--
            (A) provide in each defense health region under this 
        section healthcare delivery venues for uniformed medical and 
        dental personnel to obtain operational clinical competencies; 
        and
            (B) coordinate with the military departments to ensure that 
        staffing at military medical treatment facilities in each 
        region supports readiness requirements for members of the Armed 
        Forces and military medical personnel.
        (2) Oversight and allocation of resources.--
            (A) In general.--The Director shall, consistent with 
        section 193 of title 10, United States Code, coordinate with 
        the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, through the Joint 
        Staff Surgeon, to conduct oversight and direct resources to 
        support requirements related to readiness and operational 
        medicine support that are validated by the Joint Staff.
            (B) Supply and demand for medical services.--Based on 
        operational medical force readiness requirements of the 
        combatant commands validated by the Joint Staff, the Director 
        shall--
                (i) validate supply and demand requirements for medical 
            and dental services at each military medical treatment 
            facility;
                (ii) in coordination with the Surgeons General of the 
            Armed Forces, provide currency workload for uniformed 
            medical and dental personnel at each such facility to 
            maintain skills proficiency; and
                (iii) if workload is insufficient to meet requirements, 
            identify alternative training and clinical practice sites 
            for uniformed medical and dental personnel, and establish 
            military-civilian training partnerships, to provide such 
            workload.
    (e) Additional Duties of Surgeons General of the Armed Forces.--
        (1) In general.--The Surgeons General of the Armed Forces shall 
    have the duties as follows:
            (A) To assign uniformed medical and dental personnel of the 
        military department concerned to military medical treatment 
        facilities for training activities specific to such military 
        department and for operational and training missions, during 
        which assignment such personnel shall be under the operational 
        control of the commander or director of the military medical 
        treatment facility concerned, subject to the authority, 
        direction, and control of the Director of the Defense Health 
        Agency.
            (B) To ensure the readiness for operational deployment of 
        medical and dental personnel and deployable medical or dental 
        teams or units of the Armed Force or Armed Forces concerned.
            (C) To provide logistical support for operational 
        deployment of medical and dental personnel and deployable 
        medical or dental teams or units of the Armed Force or Armed 
        Forces concerned.
            (D) To oversee mobilization and demobilization in 
        connection with the operational deployment of medical and 
        dental personnel of the Armed Force or Armed Forces concerned.
            (E) To carry out operational medical and dental force 
        development for the military department concerned.
            (F) In coordination with the Secretary concerned, to ensure 
        that the operational medical force readiness organizations of 
        the Armed Forces support the medical and dental readiness 
        responsibilities of the Director.
            (G) To develop operational medical capabilities required to 
        support the warfighter, and to develop policy relating to such 
        capabilities.
            (H) To provide health professionals to serve in leadership 
        positions across the military healthcare system.
        (2) Medical force requirements of the combatant commands.--The 
    Surgeon General of each Armed Force shall, on behalf of the 
    Secretary concerned, ensure that the uniformed medical and dental 
    personnel serving in such Armed Force receive training and clinical 
    practice opportunities necessary to ensure that such personnel are 
    capable of meeting the operational medical force requirements of 
    the combatant commands applicable to such personnel. Such training 
    and practice opportunities shall be provided through programs and 
    activities of the Defense Health Agency and by such other 
    mechanisms as the Secretary of Defense shall designate for purposes 
    of this paragraph.
        (3) Construction of duties.--The duties of a Surgeon General of 
    the Armed Forces under this subsection are in addition to the 
    duties of such Surgeon General under section 3036, 5137, or 8036 of 
    title 10, United States Code, as applicable.
    (f) Report.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report that sets forth the following:
        (1) A description of the organizational structure of the office 
    of each Surgeon General of the Armed Forces, and of any subordinate 
    organizations of the Armed Forces that will support the functions 
    and responsibilities of a Surgeon General of the Armed Forces.
        (2) The manning documents for staffing in support of the 
    organizational structures described pursuant to paragraph (1), 
    including manning levels before and after such organizational 
    structures are implemented.
        (3) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
    action as the Secretary considers appropriate in connection with 
    the implementation of such organizational structures and, in 
    particular, to avoid duplication of functions and tasks between the 
    organizations in such organizational structures and the Defense 
    Health Agency.
    SEC. 713. ADMINISTRATION OF TRICARE DENTAL PLANS THROUGH THE 
      FEDERAL EMPLOYEES DENTAL AND VISION INSURANCE PROGRAM.
    (a) Eligibility of Additional Beneficiaries Under Federal Employees 
Dental and Vision Insurance Program.--Section 8951(8) of title 5, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``1076c'' and inserting 
``1076a or 1076c''.
    (b) Administration of TRICARE Dental Plans.--Subsection (b) of 
section 1076a of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(b) Administration of Plans.--The plans established under this 
section shall be administered by the Secretary of Defense through an 
agreement with the Director of the Office of Personnel Management to 
allow persons described in subsection (a) to enroll in an insurance 
plan under chapter 89A of title 5, in accordance with terms prescribed 
by the Secretary, including terms, to the extent practical, as defined 
by the Director through regulation, consistent with subsection (d) and, 
to the extent practicable in relation to such chapter 89A, other 
provisions of this section.''.
    (c) Applicability.--The amendments made by this section shall apply 
with respect to the first contract year for chapter 89A of title 5, 
United States Code, that begins on or after January 1, 2022.
    (d) Transition.--To ensure a successful transition pursuant to the 
amendments made by this section in the administration of the TRICARE 
dental plans under section 1076a of title 10, United States Code, the 
Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the contractor for such plans 
provides claims information under such plans to carriers providing 
dental coverage under chapter 89A of title 5, United States Code, after 
the transition.
    (e) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than January 1, 2020, the Secretary 
    of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
    Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the transition 
    in the administration of the TRICARE dental insurance plan for 
    retirees from administration by the Department of Defense as the 
    TRICARE Retiree Dental Plan to administration by the Office of 
    Personnel Management as part of the Federal Employees Dental and 
    Vision Insurance Program.
        (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) A description of lessons learned from the transition of 
        the administration of the TRICARE dental insurance plan for 
        retirees from administration by the Department as the TRICARE 
        Retiree Dental Plan to administration by the Office of 
        Personnel Management as part of the Federal Employees Dental 
        and Vision Insurance Program.
            (B) An assessment of the effectiveness of the transition.
            (C) A timeline for the implementation plan for the 
        transition of the administration of the TRICARE dental plans 
        under section 1076a of title 10, United States Code, to 
        administration as part of the Federal Employees Dental and 
        Vision Insurance Program pursuant to the amendments made by 
        this section.
    SEC. 714. STREAMLINING OF TRICARE PRIME BENEFICIARY REFERRAL 
      PROCESS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall streamline the 
process under section 1095f of title 10, United States Code, by which 
beneficiaries enrolled in TRICARE Prime are referred to the civilian 
provider network for inpatient or outpatient care under the TRICARE 
program.
    (b) Objectives.--In carrying out the requirement in subsection (a), 
the Secretary shall meet the following objectives:
        (1) The referral process shall model best industry practices 
    for referrals from primary care managers to specialty care 
    providers.
        (2) The process shall limit administrative requirements for 
    enrolled beneficiaries.
        (3) Beneficiary preferences for communications relating to 
    appointment referrals using state-of-the-art information technology 
    shall be used to expedite the process.
        (4) There shall be effective and efficient processes to 
    determine the availability of appointments at military medical 
    treatment facilities and, when unavailable, to make prompt 
    referrals to network providers under the TRICARE program.
    (c) Deadline for Implementation.--The requirement in subsection (a) 
shall be implemented for referrals under TRICARE Prime in calendar year 
2019.
    (d) Evaluation and Improvement.--After 2019, the Secretary shall--
        (1) evaluate the referral process described in subsection (a) 
    not less often than annually; and
        (2) make appropriate improvements to the process in light of 
    such evaluations.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``TRICARE program'' 
and ``TRICARE Prime'' have the meaning given such terms in section 1072 
of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 715. SHARING OF INFORMATION WITH STATE PRESCRIPTION DRUG 
      MONITORING PROGRAMS.
    (a) In General.--Section 1074g of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as subsections (h) 
    and (i), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
    subsection (g):
    ``(g) Sharing of Information With State Prescription Drug 
Monitoring Programs.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall establish and 
maintain a program (to be known as the `Military Health System 
Prescription Drug Monitoring Program') in accordance with this 
subsection. The program shall include a special emphasis on drugs 
provided through facilities of the uniformed services.
    ``(2) The program shall be--
        ``(A) comparable to prescription drug monitoring programs 
    operated by States, including such programs approved by the 
    Secretary of Health and Human Services under section 399O of the 
    Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 280g-3); and
        ``(B) applicable to designated controlled substance 
    prescriptions under the pharmacy benefits program.
    ``(3)(A) The Secretary shall establish appropriate procedures for 
the bi-directional sharing of patient-specific information regarding 
prescriptions for designated controlled substances between the program 
and State prescription drug monitoring programs.
    ``(B) The purpose of sharing of information under this paragraph 
shall be to prevent misuse and diversion of opioid medications and 
other designated controlled substances.
    ``(C) Any disclosure of patient-specific information by the 
Secretary under this paragraph is an authorized disclosure for purposes 
of the health information privacy regulations promulgated under the 
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (Public Law 
104-191).
    ``(4)(A) Any procedures developed pursuant to paragraph (3)(A) 
shall include appropriate safeguards, as determined by the Secretary, 
concerning cyber security of Department of Defense systems and 
operational security of Department personnel.
    ``(B) To the extent the Secretary considers appropriate, the 
program may be treated as comparable to a State program for purposes of 
bi-directional sharing of controlled substance prescription 
information.
    ``(5) For purposes of this subsection, any reference to a program 
operated by a State includes any program operated by a county, 
municipality, or other subdivision within that State.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1079(q) of such title is amended 
by striking ``section 1074g(g)'' and inserting ``section 1074g(h)''.
    SEC. 716. PILOT PROGRAM ON OPIOID MANAGEMENT IN THE MILITARY HEALTH 
      SYSTEM.
    (a) Pilot Program.--
        (1) In general.--Beginning not later than 180 days after the 
    date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of the Defense 
    Health Agency shall implement a comprehensive pilot program to 
    assess the feasability and advisability of mechanisms to minimize 
    early exposure of beneficiaries under the TRICARE program to 
    opioids and to prevent the progression of beneficiaries to misuse 
    or abuse of opioid medications.
        (2) Opioid safety across continuum of care.--The pilot program 
    shall include elements to maximize opioid safety across the entire 
    continuum of care consisting of patient, physician or dentist, and 
    pharmacist.
    (b) Elements of Pilot Program.--The pilot program shall include the 
following:
        (1) Identification of potential misuse or abuse of opioid 
    medications in pharmacies of military treatment facilities, retail 
    network pharmacies, and the home delivery pharmacy, and the 
    transmission of alerts regarding such potential misuse or abuse of 
    opioids to prescribing physicians and dentists.
        (2) Direct engagement with, education for, and management of 
    beneficiaries under the TRICARE program to help such beneficiaries 
    avoid misuse or abuse of opioid medications.
        (3) Proactive outreach by specialist pharmacists to 
    beneficiaries under the TRICARE program when identifying potential 
    misuse or abuse of opioid medications.
        (4) Monitoring of beneficiaries under the TRICARE program 
    through the use of predictive analytics to identify the potential 
    for opioid abuse and addiction before beneficiaries begin an opioid 
    prescription.
        (5) Detection of fraud, waste, and abuse in connection with 
    opioids.
    (c) Duration.--
        (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
    Director shall carry out the pilot program for a period of not more 
    than three years.
        (2) Expansion.--The Director may carry out the pilot program on 
    a permanent basis if the Director determines that the mechanisms 
    under the pilot program successfully reduce early opioid exposure 
    in beneficiaries under the TRICARE program and prevent the 
    progression of beneficiaries to misuse or abuse of opioid 
    medications.
    (d) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days before completion of 
    the pilot program, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives a report on the pilot program.
        (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) A description of the pilot program, including outcome 
        measures developed to determine the overall effectiveness of 
        the mechanisms under the pilot program.
            (B) A description of the ability of the mechanisms under 
        the pilot program to identify misuse and abuse of opioid 
        medications among beneficiaries under the TRICARE program in 
        each pharmacy venue of the pharmacy program of the military 
        health system.
            (C) A description of the impact of the use of predictive 
        analytics to monitor beneficiaries under the TRICARE program in 
        order to identify the potential for opioid abuse and addiction 
        before beneficiaries begin an opioid prescription.
            (D) A description of any reduction in the misuse or abuse 
        of opioid medications among beneficiaries under the TRICARE 
        program as a result of the pilot program.
    (e) TRICARE Program Defined.--In this section, the term ``TRICARE 
program'' has the meaning given that term in section 1072 of title 10, 
United States Code.
    SEC. 717. WOUNDED WARRIOR POLICY REVIEW.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall review and update 
policies and procedures relating to the care and management of 
recovering service members. In conducting such review, the Secretary 
shall consider best practices--
        (1) in the care of recovering service members;
        (2) in the administrative management relating to such care;
        (3) to carry out applicable provisions of Federal law; and
        (4) recommended by the Comptroller General of the United States 
    in the report titled ``Army Needs to Improve Oversight of Warrior 
    Transition Units''.
    (b) Scope of Policy.--In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary 
shall update policies of the Department of Defense with respect to each 
of the following:
        (1) The case management coordination of members of the Armed 
    Forces between the military departments and the military medical 
    treatment facilities administered by the Director of the Defense 
    Health Agency pursuant to section 1073c of title 10, United States 
    Code, including with respect to the coordination of--
            (A) appointments;
            (B) rehabilitative services;
            (C) recuperation in an outpatient status;
            (D) contract care provided by a private health care 
        provider outside of a military medical treatment facility;
            (E) the disability evaluation system; and
            (F) other administrative functions relating to the military 
        department.
        (2) The transition of a member of the Armed Forces who is 
    retired under chapter 61 of title 10, United States Code, from 
    receiving treatment furnished by the Secretary of Defense to 
    treatment furnished by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
        (3) Facility standards related to lodging and accommodations 
    for recovering service members and the family members and non-
    medical attendants of recovering service members.
    (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense and Secretaries of the 
military departments shall jointly submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
review conducted under subsection (a), including a description of the 
policies updated pursuant to subsection (b).
    (d) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``disability 
evaluation system'', ``outpatient status'', and ``recovering service 
members'' have the meaning given those terms in section 1602 of the 
Wounded Warrior Act (title XVI of Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 1071 
note).
    SEC. 718. MEDICAL SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY AND LIVE TISSUE TRAINING 
      WITHIN THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) In General.--
        (1) Use of simulation technology.--Except as provided by 
    paragraph (2), the Secretary of Defense shall use medical 
    simulation technology, to the maximum extent practicable, before 
    the use of live tissue training to train medical professionals and 
    combat medics of the Department of Defense.
        (2) Determination.--The use of live tissue training within the 
    Department of Defense may be used as determined necessary by the 
    medical chain of command.
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Secretaries of the 
military departments, shall provide a briefing to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate on the 
use and benefit of medical simulation technology and live tissue 
training within the Department of Defense to train medical 
professionals, combat medics, and members of the Special Operations 
Forces.
    (c) Elements.--The briefing under subsection (b) shall include the 
following:
        (1) A discussion of the benefits and needs of both medical 
    simulation technology and live tissue training.
        (2) Ways and means to enhance and advance the use of simulation 
    technologies in training.
        (3) An assessment of current medical simulation technology 
    requirements, gaps, and limitations.
        (4) An overview of Department of Defense medical training 
    programs, as of the date of the briefing, that use live tissue 
    training and medical simulation technologies.
        (5) Any other matters the Secretary determines appropriate.
    SEC. 719. IMPROVEMENTS TO TRAUMA CENTER PARTNERSHIPS.
    Section 708(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``large metropolitan teaching 
    hospitals that have level I civilian'';
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) by striking ``with civilian academic medical centers 
        and large metropolitan teaching hospitals''; and
            (B) by striking ``the trauma centers of the medical centers 
        and hospitals'' and inserting ``trauma centers''; and
        (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``large metropolitan teaching 
    hospitals'' and inserting ``trauma centers''.
    SEC. 720. IMPROVEMENT TO NOTIFICATION TO CONGRESS OF 
      HOSPITALIZATION OF COMBAT-WOUNDED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    Section 1074l(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``admitted to a military treatment facility within the United 
States'' and inserting ``admitted to any military medical treatment 
facility''.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

    SEC. 731. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR JOINT DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-
      DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL FACILITY DEMONSTRATION 
      FUND.
    Section 1704(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2573), as most recently 
amended by section 719 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1440), is further 
amended by striking ``September 30, 2019'' and inserting ``September 
30, 2020''.
    SEC. 732. JOINT FORCES MEDICAL CAPABILITIES DEVELOPMENT AND 
      STANDARDIZATION.
    (a) Process Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in 
coordination with the Secretaries of the military departments and the 
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, develop a process to establish 
required joint force medical capabilities for members of the Armed 
Forces that meet the operational planning requirements of the combatant 
commands.
    (b) Process Elements.--The process developed under subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
        (1) A joint medical estimate to determine the medical 
    requirements for treating members of the Armed Forces who are 
    wounded, ill, or injured during military operations, including with 
    respect to environmental health and force health protection.
        (2) A process to review and revise military health related 
    mission essential tasks in order to ensure that such tasks are 
    aligned with health professional knowledge, skills, and abilities.
        (3) A process to standardize the interoperability of medical 
    equipment and capabilities to support the joint force.
    (c) Report.--Not later than June 1, 2019, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives a report describing the process developed 
under subsection (a).
    SEC. 733. INCLUSION OF GAMBLING DISORDER IN HEALTH ASSESSMENTS OF 
      MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND RELATED RESEARCH EFFORTS.
    (a) Inclusion in Next Annual Periodic Health Assessments.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall incorporate medical screening questions 
specific to gambling disorder into the Annual Periodic Health 
Assessments of members of the Armed Forces conducted by the Department 
of Defense during the one-year period beginning 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Inclusion in Certain Surveys.--The Secretary shall incorporate 
into ongoing research efforts of the Department questions on gambling 
disorder, as appropriate, including by restoring such questions to the 
following:
        (1) The first Health Related Behaviors Survey of Active Duty 
    Military Personnel conducted after the date of the enactment of 
    this Act.
        (2) The first Health Related Behaviors Survey of Reserve 
    Component Personnel conducted after that date.
    (c) Reports.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
completion of the assessment referred to in subsection (a), and of each 
survey referred to in subsection (b), as modified pursuant to this 
section, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the findings 
of the assessment or survey in connection with the prevalence of 
gambling disorder among members of the Armed Forces.
    SEC. 734. REPORT ON REQUIREMENT FOR CERTAIN FORMER MEMBERS OF THE 
      ARMED FORCES TO ENROLL IN MEDICARE PART B TO BE ELIGIBLE FOR 
      TRICARE FOR LIFE.
    (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of 
Health and Human Services, and the Commissioner of Social Security 
shall jointly submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House 
of Representatives and the Senate, the Committee on Ways and Means of 
the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Finance of the 
Senate a report on the findings of a study, conducted by the 
Secretaries for purposes of the report, on the requirement that a 
covered individual enroll in the supplementary medical insurance 
program under part B of title XVIII of the Social Security Act (42 
U.S.C. 1395j et seq.) in order to be eligible for TRICARE for Life.
    (b) Matters Included.--The study under subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) An analysis of whether the requirement described in such 
    subsection affects covered individuals from returning to work.
        (2) The number of individuals who--
            (A) are retired from the Armed Forces under chapter 61 of 
        title 10, United States Code;
            (B) are entitled to hospital insurance benefits under part 
        A of title XVIII of the Social Security Act pursuant to 
        receiving benefits for 24 months as described in subparagraph 
        (A) or (C) of section 226(b)(2) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 
        426(b)(2)); and
            (C) because of such entitlement, are no longer enrolled in 
        TRICARE Standard, TRICARE Prime, TRICARE Extra, or TRICARE 
        Select.
        (3) The number of covered individuals who would potentially 
    enroll in TRICARE for Life but not enroll in the supplementary 
    medical insurance program under part B of title XVIII of the Social 
    Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395j et seq.) if able.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``covered individual'' means an individual--
            (A) who is under 65 years of age;
            (B) who is entitled to hospital insurance benefits under 
        part A of title XVIII of the Social Security Act pursuant to 
        subparagraph (A) or (C) of section 226(b)(2) of such Act (42 
        U.S.C. 426(b)(2));
            (C) whose entitlement to a benefit described in 
        subparagraph (A) of such section has terminated due to 
        performance of substantial gainful activity; and
            (D) who is retired under chapter 61 of title 10, United 
        States Code.
        (2) The terms ``TRICARE for Life'', ``TRICARE Extra'', 
    ``TRICARE Standard'', ``TRICARE Select'', and ``TRICARE Prime'' 
    have the meanings given those terms in section 1072 of title 10, 
    United States Code.
    SEC. 735. PILOT PROGRAM ON EARNING BY SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES 
      MEDICS OF CREDIT TOWARD A PHYSICIAN ASSISTANT DEGREE.
    (a) In General.--The Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health 
Affairs may conduct a pilot program to assess the feasibility and 
advisability of partnerships between special operations forces and 
institutions of higher education, and health care systems if determined 
appropriate by the Assistant Secretary for purposes of the pilot 
program, through which special operations forces medics earn credit 
toward the master's degree of physician assistant for military 
operational work and training performed by the medics.
    (b) Duration.--The Assistant Secretary shall conduct the pilot 
program for a period not to exceed five years.
    (c) Clinical Training.--Partnerships under subsection (a) shall 
permit medics participating in the pilot program to conduct clinical 
training at medical facilities of the Department of Defense and the 
civilian sector.
    (d) Evaluation.--The evaluation of work and training performed by 
medics for which credits are earned under the pilot program shall 
comply with civilian clinical evaluation standards applicable to the 
awarding of the master's degree of physician assistant.
    (e) Reports.--
        (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
    the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives a report on the pilot program that shall include 
    the following:
            (A) A comprehensive framework for the military education to 
        be provided to special operations forces medics under the pilot 
        program, including courses of instruction at institutions of 
        higher education and any health care systems participating in 
        the pilot program.
            (B) Metrics to be used to assess the effectiveness of the 
        pilot program.
            (C) A description of the mechanisms to be used by the 
        Department, medics, or both to cover the costs of education 
        received by medics under the pilot program through institutions 
        of higher education or health care systems, including payment 
        by the Department in return for a military service commitment, 
        tuition or other educational assistance by the Department, use 
        by medics of post-9/11 educational assistance available through 
        the Department of Veterans Affairs, and any other mechanisms 
        the Secretary considers appropriate for purposes of the pilot 
        program.
        (2) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after completion of 
    the pilot program, the Secretary shall submit to the committees of 
    Congress referred to in paragraph (1) a final report on the pilot 
    program. The report shall include the following:
            (A) An evaluation of the pilot program using the metrics of 
        assessment set forth pursuant to paragraph (1)(B).
            (B) An assessment of the utility of the funding mechanisms 
        set forth pursuant to paragraph (1)(C).
            (C) An assessment of the effects of the pilot program on 
        recruitment and retention of medics for special operations 
        forces.
            (D) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
        extending one or more authorities for joint professional 
        military education under chapter 107 of title 10, United States 
        Code, to warrant officers or enlisted personnel, and if the 
        Secretary considers the extension of any such authorities 
        feasible and advisable, recommendations for legislative or 
        administrative action to so extend such authorities.
    (f) Construction of Authorities.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed to--
        (1) authorize an officer or employee of the Federal Government 
    to create, endorse, or otherwise incentivize a particular 
    curriculum or degree track; or
        (2) require, direct, review, or control a State or educational 
    institution, or the instructional content, curriculum, and related 
    activities of a State or educational institution.
    SEC. 736. STRATEGIC MEDICAL RESEARCH PLAN.
    (a) Plan.--Not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
budget of the President for fiscal year 2020 is submitted to Congress 
pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary 
of Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
comprehensive strategic medical research plan.
    (b) Matters Included.--The plan under subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) A description of all medical research focus areas of the 
    Department of Defense and a description of the coordination process 
    to ensure the focus areas are linked to military readiness, joint 
    force requirements, and relevance to individuals eligible for care 
    at military medical treatment facilities or through the TRICARE 
    program.
        (2) A description of the medical research projects funded under 
    the Defense Health Program account and the projects under the 
    Congressional Directed Medical Research Program.
        (3) A description of the process to ensure synergy across the 
    military medical research community in order to address gaps in 
    military medical research, minimize duplication of research, and 
    promote collaboration within research focus areas.
        (4) A description of the efforts of the Secretary to coordinate 
    with other departments and agencies of the Federal Government to 
    increase awareness of complementary medical research efforts that 
    are being carried out through the Federal Government.
    SEC. 737. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REVIEW OF 
      DEFENSE HEALTH AGENCY OVERSIGHT OF TRANSITION BETWEEN MANAGED 
      CARE SUPPORT CONTRACTORS FOR THE TRICARE PROGRAM.
    (a) Briefing and Report on Current Transition.--
        (1) In general.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
    shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
    the House of Representatives a briefing and a report on a review by 
    the Comptroller General of the oversight conducted by the Defense 
    Health Agency with respect to the current transition between 
    managed care support contractors for the TRICARE program. The 
    briefing shall be provided by not later than July 1, 2019.
        (2) Elements.--The briefing and report under paragraph (1) 
    shall each include the following:
            (A) A description and assessment of the extent to which the 
        Defense Health Agency provided guidance and oversight to the 
        outgoing and incoming managed care support contractors for the 
        TRICARE program during the transition described in paragraph 
        (1) and before the start of health care delivery by the 
        incoming contractor.
            (B) A description and assessment of any issues with health 
        care delivery under the TRICARE program as a result of or in 
        connection with the transition, and, with respect to such 
        issues--
                (i) the effect, if any, of the guidance and oversight 
            provided by the Defense Health Agency during the transition 
            on such issues; and
                (ii) the solutions developed by the Defense Health 
            Agency for remediating any deficiencies in managed care 
            support for the TRICARE program in connection with such 
            issues.
            (C) A description and assessment of the extent to which the 
        Defense Health Agency has reviewed any lessons learned from 
        past transitions between managed care support contractors for 
        the TRICARE program, and incorporated such lessons into the 
        transition.
            (D) A review of the Department of Defense briefing provided 
        in accordance with the provisions of the Report of the 
        Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives to 
        Accompany H.R. 5515 (115th Congress; House Report 115-676) on 
        TRICARE Managed Care Support Contractor Reporting.
    (b) Report on Future Transitions.--Not later than 270 days after 
the completion of any future transition between managed care support 
contractors for the TRICARE program, the Comptroller General shall 
submit to the committees of Congress referred to in subsection (a)(1) a 
report on a review by the Comptroller General of the oversight 
conducted by the Defense Health Agency with respect to such transition. 
The report shall include each description and assessment specified in 
subparagraphs (A) through (C) of subsection (a)(2) with respect to such 
transition.
    (c) TRICARE Program Defined.--In this section, the term ``TRICARE 
program'' has the meaning given that term in section 1072 of title 10, 
United States Code.
    SEC. 738. COMPTROLLER GENERAL STUDY ON AVAILABILITY OF LONG-TERM 
      CARE OPTIONS FOR VETERANS FROM DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS.
    (a) In General.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a study on the availability of long-term care options from the 
Department of Veterans Affairs for veterans with combat-related 
disabilities, including veterans who served in the Armed Forces after 
September 11, 2001.
    (b) Elements.--The study required by subsection (a) shall--
        (1) determine the potential demand for long-term care by 
    veterans eligible for health care from the Department;
        (2) determine the capacity of the Department for providing all 
    four levels of long-term care, which are independent living, 
    assisted living, nursing home care, and memory care;
        (3) identify the number of veterans with combat-related 
    disabilities who require a personal care assistant and which 
    facilities of the Department provide this service; and
        (4) examine the value of long-term care benefits provided by 
    the Department, including personal care assistant services, to 
    identify the potential elements of a pilot program that affords 
    aging veterans the choice of receiving long-term care benefits at 
    nonprofit continuing care retirement communities.
    (c) Report.--Not later than January 1, 2020, the Comptroller 
General shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services and the 
Committee on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Armed 
Services and the Committee on Veterans' Affairs of the House of 
Representatives a report on the study conducted under this section.
    SEC. 739. INCREASE IN NUMBER OF APPOINTED MEMBERS OF THE HENRY M. 
      JACKSON FOUNDATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF MILITARY MEDICINE.
    Section 178(c)(1)(C) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``four members'' and inserting ``six members''.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

Sec. 800. Effective dates; coordination of amendments.

Subtitle A--Streamlining of Defense Acquisition Statutes and Regulations

 Part I--Consolidation of Defense Acquisition Statutes in New Part V of 
               Subtitle A of Title 10, United States Code

Sec. 801. Framework for new part V of subtitle A.

Part II--Redesignation of Sections and Chapters of Subtitles B, C, and D 
              to Provide Room for New Part V of Subtitle A

Sec. 806. Redesignation of sections and chapters of subtitle D of title 
          10, United States Code--Air Force.
Sec. 807. Redesignation of sections and chapters of subtitle C of title 
          10, United States Code--Navy and Marine Corps.
Sec. 808. Redesignation of sections and chapters of subtitle B of title 
          10, United States Code--Army.
Sec. 809. Cross references to redesignated sections and chapters.

   Part III--Repeals of Certain Provisions of Defense Acquisition Law

Sec. 811. Amendment to and repeal of statutory requirements for certain 
          positions or offices in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 812. Repeal of certain defense acquisition laws.
Sec. 813. Repeal of certain Department of Defense reporting 
          requirements.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 816. Modification of limitations on single source task or delivery 
          order contracts.
Sec. 817. Preliminary cost analysis requirement for exercise of 
          multiyear contract authority.
Sec. 818. Revision of requirement to submit information on services 
          contracts to Congress.
Sec. 819. Data collection and inventory for services contracts.
Sec. 820. Report on clarification of services contracting definitions.
Sec. 821. Increase in micro-purchase threshold applicable to Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 822. Department of Defense contracting dispute matters.
Sec. 823. Inclusion of best available information regarding past 
          performance of subcontractors and joint venture partners.
Sec. 824. Subcontracting price and approved purchasing systems.
Sec. 825. Modification of criteria for waivers of requirement for 
          certified cost and price data.

  Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 831. Revisions in authority relating to program cost targets and 
          fielding targets for major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 832. Implementation of recommendations of the Independent Study on 
          Consideration of Sustainment in Weapons Systems Life Cycle.
Sec. 833. Comptroller General assessment of acquisition programs and 
          related initiatives.

           Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

Sec. 836. Revision of definition of commercial item for purposes of 
          Federal acquisition statutes.
Sec. 837. Limitation on applicability to Department of Defense 
          commercial contracts of certain provisions of law.
Sec. 838. Modifications to procurement through commercial e-commerce 
          portals.
Sec. 839. Review of Federal acquisition regulations on commercial 
          products, commercial services, and commercially available off-
          the-shelf items.

                   Subtitle E--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 841. Report on limited sourcing of specific components for Naval 
          vessels.
Sec. 842. Removal of national interest determination requirements for 
          certain entities.
Sec. 843. Pilot program to test machine-vision technologies to determine 
          the authenticity and security of microelectronic parts in 
          weapon systems.
Sec. 844. Limitation on certain procurements application process.
Sec. 845. Report on defense electronics industrial base.
Sec. 846. Support for defense manufacturing communities to support the 
          defense industrial base.
Sec. 847. Limitation on procurement of certain items for T-AO-205 
          program.

                   Subtitle F--Small Business Matters

Sec. 851. Department of Defense small business strategy.
Sec. 852. Prompt payments of small business contractors.
Sec. 853. Increased participation in the Small Business Administration 
          microloan program.
Sec. 854. Amendments to Small Business Innovation Research Program and 
          Small Business Technology Transfer Program.
Sec. 855. Construction contract administration.
Sec. 856. Comptroller General study of impact of broadband speed and 
          price on small businesses.
Sec. 857. Consolidated budget display for the Department of Defense 
          Small Business Innovation Research Program and Small Business 
          Technology Transfer Program.
Sec. 858. Funding for procurement technical assistance program.
Sec. 859. Authorization for payment of certain costs relating to 
          procurement technical assistance centers.
Sec. 860. Commercialization Assistance Pilot Program.
Sec. 861. Puerto Rico businesses.
Sec. 862. Opportunities for employee-owned business concerns through 
          Small Business Administration loan programs.

  Subtitle G--Provisions Related to Software and Technical Data Matters

Sec. 865. Validation of proprietary and technical data.
Sec. 866. Continuation of technical data rights during challenges.
Sec. 867. Requirement for negotiation of technical data price before 
          sustainment of major weapon systems.
Sec. 868. Implementation of recommendations of the final report of the 
          Defense Science Board Task Force on the Design and Acquisition 
          of Software for Defense Systems.
Sec. 869. Implementation of pilot program to use agile or iterative 
          development methods required under section 873 of the National 
          Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018.
Sec. 870. Report on requiring access to digital technical data in future 
          acquisitions of combat, combat service, and combat support 
          systems.

                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 871. Prohibition on acquisition of sensitive materials from non-
          allied foreign nations.
Sec. 872. Extension of prohibition on providing funds to the enemy.
Sec. 873. Data, policy, and reporting on the use of other transactions.
Sec. 874. Standardization of formatting and public accessibility of 
          Department of Defense reports to Congress.
Sec. 875. Promotion of the use of Government-wide and other interagency 
          contracts.
Sec. 876. Increasing competition at the task order level.
Sec. 877. Individual acquisition for commercial leasing services.
Sec. 878. Procurement administrative lead time definition and plan.
Sec. 879. Briefing on funding of product support strategies.
Sec. 880. Use of lowest price technically acceptable source selection 
          process.
Sec. 881. Permanent Supply Chain Risk Management Authority.
Sec. 882. Review of market research.
Sec. 883. Establishment of integrated review team on defense acquisition 
          industry-government exchange.
Sec. 884. Exchange program for acquisition workforce employees.
Sec. 885. Process to limit foreign access to technology.
Sec. 886. Procurement of telecommunications supplies for experimental 
          purposes.
Sec. 887. Access by developmental and operational testing activities to 
          data regarding modeling and simulation activity.
Sec. 888. Instruction on pilot program regarding employment of persons 
          with disabilities.
Sec. 889. Prohibition on certain telecommunications and video 
          surveillance services or equipment.
Sec. 890. Pilot program to accelerate contracting and pricing processes.
    SEC. 800. EFFECTIVE DATES; COORDINATION OF AMENDMENTS.
    (a) Effective Dates.--
        (1) Parts i and ii.--Parts I and II of this subtitle, and the 
    redesignations and amendments made by such parts, shall take effect 
    on February 1, 2019.
        (2) Part iii.--Part III of this subtitle shall take effect on 
    the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Coordination of Amendments.--The redesignations and amendments 
made by part II of this subtitle shall be executed before the 
amendments made by part I of this subtitle.
    (c) Rule for Certain Redesignations.--In the case of a 
redesignation specified in part II of this subtitle (1) that is to be 
made to a section of subtitle B, C, or D of title 10, United States 
Code, for which the current section designation consists of a four-
digit number and a letter, and (2) that is directed to be made by the 
addition of a specified number to the current section designation, the 
new section designation shall consist of a new four-digit number and 
the same letter, with the new four-digit number being the number that 
is the sum of the specified number and the four-digit number in the 
current section designation.

     Subtitle A--Streamlining of Defense Acquisition Statutes and 
                              Regulations

PART I--CONSOLIDATION OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION STATUTES IN NEW PART V OF 
               SUBTITLE A OF TITLE 10, UNITED STATES CODE

    SEC. 801. FRAMEWORK FOR NEW PART V OF SUBTITLE A.
    (a) In General.--Subtitle A of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new part:

                         ``PART V--ACQUISITION

``Chap.
                                                                    Sec.

                     <SUP>``subpart</SUP> a--general

</SUP>``201. Definitions..........................................  3001

``203. General Matters............................................  3021

``205. Defense Acquisition System.................................  3051

``207. Budgeting and Appropriations Matters.......................  3101

``209. Operational Contract Support...............................  3151

           <SUP>``subpart</SUP> b--acquisition</SUP> planning

</SUP>``221. Planning and Solicitation Generally..................  3201

``223. Planning and Solicitation Relating to Particular Items or 
Services..........................................................  3251

   <SUP>``subpart</SUP> c--contracting</SUP> methods</SUP> and</SUP> 
                          contract</SUP> types

</SUP>``241. Awarding of Contracts................................  3301

``243. Specific Types of Contracts................................  3351

``245. Task and Delivery Order Contracts (Multiple Award 
Contracts)........................................................  3401

``247. Acquisition of Commercial Items............................  3451

``249. Multiyear Contracts........................................  3501

``251. Simplified Acquisition Procedures..........................  3551

``253. Emergency and Rapid Acquisitions...........................  3601

``255. Contracting With or Through Other Agencies.................  3651

  <SUP>``subpart</SUP> d--general</SUP> contracting</SUP> requirements

</SUP>``271. Truthful Cost or Pricing Data........................  3701

``273. Allowable Costs............................................  3741

``275. Proprietary Contractor Data and Technical Data.............  3771

``277. Contract Financing.........................................  3801

``279. Contractor Audits and Accounting...........................  3841

``281. Claims and Disputes........................................  3861

``283. Foreign Acquisitions.......................................  3881

``285. Small Business Programs....................................  3901

``287. Socioeconomic Programs.....................................  3961

    <SUP>``subpart</SUP> e--special</SUP> categories</SUP> of</SUP> 
contracting:</SUP> major</SUP> defense</SUP> acquisition</SUP> programs</SUP> 
                      and</SUP> major</SUP> systems

</SUP>``301. Major Defense Acquisition Programs...................  4001

``303. Weapon Systems Development and Related Matters.............  4071

``305. Other Matters Relating to Major Systems....................  4121

    <SUP>``subpart</SUP> f--special</SUP> categories</SUP> of</SUP> 
contracting:</SUP> research,</SUP> development,</SUP> test,</SUP> and</SUP> 
                               evaluation

</SUP>``321. Research and Development Generally...................  4201

``323. Innovation.................................................  4301

``325. Department of Defense Laboratories.........................  4351

``327. Research and Development Centers and Facilities............  4401

``329. Operational Test and Evaluation; Developmental Test and 
Evaluation........................................................  4451

<SUP>``subpart</SUP> g--other</SUP> special</SUP> categories</SUP> of</SUP> 
                               contracting

</SUP>``341. Contracting for Performance of Civilian Commercial or 
Industrial Type Functions.........................................  4501

``343. Acquisition of Services....................................  4541

``345. Acquisition of Information Technology......................  4571

            <SUP>``subpart</SUP> h--contract</SUP> management

</SUP>``361. Contract Administration..............................  4601

``363. Prohibitions and Penalties.................................  4651

``365. Contractor Workforce.......................................  4701

``367. Other Administrative and Miscellaneous Provisions..........  4751

       <SUP>``subpart</SUP> i--defense</SUP> industrial</SUP> base

</SUP>``381. Defense Industrial Base Generally....................  4801

``383. Loan Guarantee Programs....................................  4861

``385. Procurement Technical Assistance Cooperative Agreement 
Program...........................................................  4881

                          ``Subpart A--General

                       ``CHAPTER 201--DEFINITIONS

``Sec. 3001. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

                     ``CHAPTER 203--GENERAL MATTERS

``Sec. 3021. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

               ``CHAPTER 205--DEFENSE ACQUISITION SYSTEM

``Sec. 3051. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

          ``CHAPTER 207--BUDGETING AND APPROPRIATIONS MATTERS

``Sec. 3101. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

              ``CHAPTER 209--OPERATIONAL CONTRACT SUPPORT

``Sec. 3151. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

                   ``Subpart B--Acquisition Planning

           ``CHAPTER 221--PLANNING AND SOLICITATION GENERALLY

``Sec. 3201. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

 ``CHAPTER 223--PLANNING AND SOLICITATION RELATING TO PARTICULAR ITEMS 
                              OR SERVICES

``Sec. 3251. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

          ``Subpart C--Contracting Methods and Contract Types

                  ``CHAPTER 241--AWARDING OF CONTRACTS

``Sec. 3301. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

               ``CHAPTER 243--SPECIFIC TYPES OF CONTRACTS

``Sec. 3351. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

   ``CHAPTER 245--TASK AND DELIVERY ORDER CONTRACTS (MULTIPLE AWARD 
                               CONTRACTS)

``Sec. 3401. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

             ``CHAPTER 247--ACQUISITION OF COMMERCIAL ITEMS

``Sec. 3451. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

                   ``CHAPTER 249--MULTIYEAR CONTRACTS

``Sec. 3501. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

            ``CHAPTER 251--SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES

``Sec. 3551. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

            ``CHAPTER 253--EMERGENCY AND RAPID ACQUISITIONS

``Sec. 3601. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

       ``CHAPTER 255--CONTRACTING WITH OR THROUGH OTHER AGENCIES

``Sec. 3651. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

             ``Subpart D--General Contracting Requirements

              ``CHAPTER 271--TRUTHFUL COST OR PRICING DATA

``Sec. 3701. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

                     ``CHAPTER 273--ALLOWABLE COSTS

``Sec. 3741. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

     ``CHAPTER 275--PROPRIETARY CONTRACTOR DATA AND TECHNICAL DATA

``Sec. 3771. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

                   ``CHAPTER 277--CONTRACT FINANCING

``Sec. 3801. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

            ``CHAPTER 279--CONTRACTOR AUDITS AND ACCOUNTING

``Sec. 3841. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

                   ``CHAPTER 281--CLAIMS AND DISPUTES

``Sec. 3861. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

                  ``CHAPTER 283--FOREIGN ACQUISITIONS

``Sec. 3881. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

                 ``CHAPTER 285--SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS

``Sec. 3901. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

                 ``CHAPTER 287--SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS

``Sec. 3961. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

     ``Subpart E--Special Categories of Contracting: Major Defense 
                 Acquisition Programs and Major Systems

           ``CHAPTER 301--MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS

``Sec. 4001. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

     ``CHAPTER 303--WEAPON SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT AND RELATED MATTERS

``Sec. 4071. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

         ``CHAPTER 305--OTHER MATTERS RELATING TO MAJOR SYSTEMS

``Sec. 4121. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

``Subpart F--Special Categories of Contracting: Research, Development, 
                          Test, and Evaluation

           ``CHAPTER 321--RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT GENERALLY

``Sec. 4201. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

                       ``CHAPTER 323--INNOVATION

``Sec. 4301. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

           ``CHAPTER 325--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE LABORATORIES

``Sec. 4351. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

     ``CHAPTER 327--RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTERS AND FACILITIES

``Sec. 4401. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

``CHAPTER 329--OPERATIONAL TEST AND EVALUATION; DEVELOPMENTAL TEST AND 
                               EVALUATION

``Sec. 4451. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

          ``Subpart G--Other Special Categories Of Contracting

 ``CHAPTER 341--CONTRACTING FOR PERFORMANCE OF CIVILIAN COMMERCIAL OR 
                       INDUSTRIAL TYPE FUNCTIONS

``Sec. 4501. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

                 ``CHAPTER 343--ACQUISITION OF SERVICES

``Sec. 4541. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

          ``CHAPTER 345--ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

``Sec. 4571. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

                    ``Subpart H--Contract Management

                 ``CHAPTER 361--CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION

``Sec. 4601. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

               ``CHAPTER 363--PROHIBITIONS AND PENALTIES

``Sec. 4651. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

                  ``CHAPTER 365--CONTRACTOR WORKFORCE

``Sec. 4701. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

    ``CHAPTER 367--OTHER ADMINISTRATIVE AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

``Sec. 4751. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

                  ``Subpart I--Defense Industrial Base

            ``CHAPTER 381--DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE GENERALLY

``Sec. 4801. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

                 ``CHAPTER 383--LOAN GUARANTEE PROGRAMS

``Sec. 4861. [Reserved]
    [Reserved]

 ``CHAPTER 385--PROCUREMENT TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT 
                                PROGRAM

``Sec. 4881. [Reserved]
    ``[Reserved]''.
    (b) Table of Chapters Amendment.--The table of chapters at the 
beginning of subtitle A is amended by adding at the end the following 
new items:

                    <SUP>``Part</SUP> V--ACQUISITION

                       ``subpart</SUP> a--general

</SUP>``201. Definitions.......................................... 3001 

``203. General Matters............................................ 3021 

``205. Defense Acquisition System................................. 3051 

``207. Budgeting and Appropriations Matters....................... 3101 

``209. Operational Contract Support............................... 3151 

           <SUP>``subpart</SUP> b--acquisition</SUP> planning

</SUP>``221. Planning and Solicitation Generally.................. 3201 

``223. Planning and Solicitation Relating to Particular Items or 
Services.......................................................... 3251 

   <SUP>``subpart</SUP> c--contracting</SUP> methods</SUP> and</SUP> 
                          contract</SUP> types

</SUP>``241. Awarding of Contracts................................ 3301 

``243. Specific Types of Contracts................................ 3351 

``245. Task and Delivery Order Contracts (Multiple Award 
Contracts)........................................................ 3401 

``247. Acquisition of Commercial Items............................ 3451 

``249. Multiyear Contracts........................................ 3501 

``251. Simplified Acquisition Procedures.......................... 3551 

``253. Emergency and Rapid Acquisitions........................... 3601 

``255. Contracting With or Through Other Agencies................. 3651 

  <SUP>``subpart</SUP> d--general</SUP> contracting</SUP> requirements

</SUP>``271. Truthful Cost or Pricing Data........................ 3701 

``273. Allowable Costs............................................ 3741 

``275. Proprietary Contractor Data and Technical Data............. 3771 

``277. Contract Financing......................................... 3801 

``279. Contractor Audits and Accounting........................... 3841 

``281. Claims and Disputes........................................ 3861 

``283. Foreign Acquisitions....................................... 3881 

``285. Small Business Programs.................................... 3901 

``287. Socioeconomic Programs..................................... 3961 

    <SUP>``subpart</SUP> e--special</SUP> categories</SUP> of</SUP> 
contracting:</SUP> major</SUP> defense</SUP> acquisition</SUP> programs</SUP> 
                      and</SUP> major</SUP> systems

</SUP>``301. Major Defense Acquisition Programs................... 4001 

``303. Weapon Systems Development and Related Matters............. 4071 

``305. Other Matters Relating to Major Systems.................... 4121 

    <SUP>``subpart</SUP> f--special</SUP> categories</SUP> of</SUP> 
contracting:</SUP> research,</SUP> development,</SUP> test,</SUP> and</SUP> 
                               evaluation

</SUP>``321. Research and Development Generally................... 4201 

``323. Innovation................................................. 4301 

``325. Department of Defense Laboratories......................... 4351 

``327. Research and Development Centers and Facilities............ 4401 

``329. Operational Test and Evaluation; Developmental Test and 
Evaluation........................................................ 4451 

<SUP>``subpart</SUP> g--other</SUP> special</SUP> categories</SUP> of</SUP> 
                               contracting

</SUP>``341. Contracting for Performance of Civilian Commercial or 
Industrial Type Functions......................................... 4501 

``343. Acquisition of Services.................................... 4541 

``345. Acquisition of Information Technology...................... 4571 

            <SUP>``subpart</SUP> h--contract</SUP> management

</SUP>``361. Contract Administration.............................. 4601 

``363. Prohibitions and Penalties................................. 4651 

``365. Contractor Workforce....................................... 4701 

``367. Other Administrative and Miscellaneous Provisions.......... 4751 

       <SUP>``subpart</SUP> i--defense</SUP> industrial</SUP> base

</SUP>``381. Defense Industrial Base Generally.................... 4801 

``383. Loan Guarantee Programs.................................... 4861 

``385. Procurement Technical Assistance Cooperative Agreement 
Program..........................................................4881''.

PART II--REDESIGNATION OF SECTIONS AND CHAPTERS OF SUBTITLES B, C, AND 
             D TO PROVIDE ROOM FOR NEW PART V OF SUBTITLE A

    SEC. 806. REDESIGNATION OF SECTIONS AND CHAPTERS OF SUBTITLE D OF 
      TITLE 10, UNITED STATES CODE--AIR FORCE.
    (a) Subtitle D, Part III, Section Numbers.--The sections in part 
III of subtitle D of title 10, United States Code, are redesignated as 
follows:
        (1) Chapter 909.--Each section in chapter 909 is redesignated 
    so that the number of the section, as redesignated, is the number 
    equal to the previous number plus 50.
        (2) Chapter 907.--Each section in chapter 907 is redesignated 
    so that the number of the section, as redesignated, is the number 
    equal to the previous number plus 70.
        (3) Chapters 901 and 903.--Each section in chapter 901 and 
    chapter 903 is redesignated so that the number of the section, as 
    redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 100.
    (b) Subtitle D, Part II, Section Numbers.--The sections in part II 
of such subtitle are redesignated as follows:
        (1) Chapter 831.--Section 8210 is redesignated as section 9110.
        (2) Chapter 833.--Sections 8251, 8252, 8257, and 8258 are 
    redesignated as sections 9131, 9132, 9137, and 9138, respectively.
        (3) Chapter 835.--Sections 8281 and 8310 are redesignated as 
    sections 9151 and 9160, respectively.
        (4) Chapter 839.--Section 8446 is redesignated as section 9176.
        (5) Chapter 841.--Sections 8491 and 8503 are redesignated as 
    sections 9191 and 9203, respectively.
        (6) Chapter 843.--Sections 8547 and 8548 are redesignated as 
    sections 9217 and 9218, respectively.
        (7) Chapter 845.--Sections 8572, 8575, 8579, 8581, and 8583 are 
    redesignated as sections 9222, 9225, 9229, 9231, and 9233, 
    respectively.
        (8) Chapter 849.--Section 8639 is redesignated as section 9239.
        (9) Chapter 853.--Sections 8681, 8684, and 8691 are 
    redesignated as sections 9251, 9252, and 9253, respectively.
        (10) Chapter 855.--Section 8723 is redesignated as section 
    9263.
        (11) Chapter 857.--Each section in chapter 857 is redesignated 
    so that the number of the section, as redesignated, is the number 
    equal to the previous number plus 530.
        (12) Chapter 861.--Section 8817 is redesignated as section 
    9307.
        (13) Chapter 867.--Each section in chapter 867 is redesignated 
    so that the number of the section, as redesignated, is the number 
    equal to the previous number plus 400.
        (14) Chapter 869.--Sections 8961, 8962, 8963, 8964, 8965, and 
    8966 are redesignated as sections 9341, 9342, 9343, 9344, 9345, and 
    9346, respectively.
        (15) Chapter 871.--Sections 8991 and 8992 are redesignated as 
    sections 9361 and 9362, respectively.
        (16) Chapter 873.--Sections 9021, 9025, and 9027 are 
    redesignated as sections 9371, 9375, and 9377, respectively.
        (17) Chapter 875.--Section 9061 is redesignated as section 
    9381.
    (c) Subtitle D, Part I, Section Numbers.--Each section in part I of 
such subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the section, as 
redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 1,000.
    (d) Subtitle D Chapter Numbers.--
        (1) Part IV chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part IV of such 
    subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the chapter, as 
    redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 30.
        (2) Part III chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part III of such 
    subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the chapter, as 
    redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 50.
        (3) Part II chapter numbers.--
            (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
        each chapter in part II of such subtitle is redesignated so 
        that the number of the chapter, as redesignated, is the number 
        equal to the previous number plus 80.
            (B) Other chapters.--
                (i) Chapter 861 is redesignated as chapter 939.
                (ii) Chapters 867, 869, 871, 873, and 875 are each 
            redesignated so that the number of the chapter, as 
            redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number 
            plus 74.
        (4) Part I chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part I of such 
    subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the chapter, as 
    redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 100.
    (e) Subtitle D Tables of Sections and Tables of Chapters.--
        (1) Tables of sections.--The tables of sections at the 
    beginning of the chapters of such subtitle are revised so as to 
    conform the section references in those tables to the 
    redesignations made by subsections (a), (b), and (c).
        (2) Tables of chapters.--The table of chapters at the beginning 
    of such subtitle, and the tables of chapters at the beginning of 
    each part of such subtitle, are revised so as to conform the 
    chapter references and section references in those tables to the 
    redesignations made by this section.
    SEC. 807. REDESIGNATION OF SECTIONS AND CHAPTERS OF SUBTITLE C OF 
      TITLE 10, UNITED STATES CODE--NAVY AND MARINE CORPS.
    (a) Subtitle C, Part I, Section Numbers.--
        (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), each 
    section in part I of subtitle C of title 10, United States Code, is 
    redesignated so that the number of the section, as redesignated, is 
    the number equal to the previous number plus 3,000.
        (2) Chapter 513.--For sections in chapter 513, each section is 
    redesignated so that the number of the section, as redesignated, is 
    the number equal to the previous number plus 2,940.
    (b) Subtitle C, Part II, Section Numbers.--The sections in part II 
of such subtitle are redesignated as follows:
        (1) Chapter 533.--Sections 5441, 5450, and 5451 are 
    redesignated as sections 8101, 8102, and 8103, respectively.
        (2) Chapter 535.--Sections 5501, 5502, 5503, and 5508 are 
    redesignated as sections 8111, 8112, 8113, and 8118, respectively.
        (3) Chapter 537.--Section 5540 is redesignated as section 8120.
        (4) Chapter 539.--Sections 5582, 5585, 5587, 5587a, 5589, and 
    5596 are redesignated as sections 8132, 8135, 8137, 8138, 8139, and 
    8146, respectively.
        (5) Chapter 551.--Each section in chapter 551 is redesignated 
    so that the number of the section, as redesignated, is the number 
    equal to the previous number plus 2,220.
        (6) Chapter 553.--Sections 5983, 5985, and 5986 are 
    redesignated as sections 8183, 8185, and 8186, respectively.
        (7) Chapter 555.--The sections in chapter 555 are redesignated 
    as follows:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Section                        Redesignated Section
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6011                                 8211
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6012                                 8212
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6013                                 8213
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6014                                 8214
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6019                                 8215
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6021                                 8216
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6022                                 8217
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6024                                 8218
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6027                                 8219
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6029                                 8220
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6031                                 8221
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6032                                 8222
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6035                                 8225
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6036                                 8226
------------------------------------------------------------------------


        (8) Chapter 557.--Each section in chapter 557 is redesignated 
    so that the number of the section, as redesignated, is the number 
    equal to the previous number plus 2,160.
        (9) Chapter 559.--Section 6113 is redesignated as section 8253.
        (10) Chapter 561.--The sections in chapter 561 are redesignated 
    as follows:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Section                        Redesignated Section
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6141                                 8261
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6151                                 8262
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6152                                 8263
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6153                                 8264
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6154                                 8265
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6155                                 8266
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6156                                 8267
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6160                                 8270
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6161                                 8271
------------------------------------------------------------------------


        (11) Chapter 563.--Sections 6201, 6202, and 6203 are 
    redesignated as sections 8281, 8282, and 8283, respectively.
        (12) Chapter 565.--Sections 6221 and 6222 are redesignated as 
    sections 8286 and 8287, respectively.
        (13) Chapter 567.--Each section in chapter 567 is redesignated 
    so that the number of the section, as redesignated, is the number 
    equal to the previous number plus 2,050.
        (14) Chapter 569.--Section 6292 is redesignated as section 
    8317.
        (15) Chapter 571.--Each section in chapter 571 is redesignated 
    so that the number of the section, as redesignated, is the number 
    equal to the previous number plus 2,000.
        (16) Chapter 573.--Sections 6371, 6383, 6389, 6404, and 6408 
    are redesignated as sections 8371, 8372, 8373, 8374, and 8375, 
    respectively.
        (17) Chapter 575.--Sections 6483, 6484, 6485, and 6486 are 
    redesignated as sections 8383, 8384, 8385, and 8386, respectively.
        (18) Chapter 577.--Section 6522 is redesignated as section 
    8392.
    (c) Subtitle C, Part III, Section Numbers.--
        (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), each 
    section in part III of such subtitle is redesignated so that the 
    number of the section, as redesignated, is the number equal to the 
    previous number plus 1,500.
        (2) Chapter 609.--Sections 7101, 7102, 7103, and 7104 are 
    redesignated as sections 8591, 8592, 8593, and 8594, respectively.
    (d) Subtitle C, Part IV, Section Numbers.--The sections in part IV 
of such subtitle are redesignated as follows:
        (1) Chapter 631.--Each section in chapter 631 is redesignated 
    so that the number of the section, as redesignated, is the number 
    equal to the previous number plus 1,400.
        (2) Chapter 633.--Each section in chapter 633 is redesignated 
    so that the number of the section, as redesignated, is the number 
    equal to the previous number plus 1,370.
        (3) Chapter 637.--Sections 7361, 7362, 7363, and 7364 are 
    redesignated as sections 8701, 8702, 8703, and 8704, respectively.
        (4) Chapter 639.--Sections 7395 and 7396 are redesignated as 
    sections 8715 and 8716, respectively.
        (5) Chapter 641.--Each section in chapter 641 is redesignated 
    so that the number of the section, as redesignated, is the number 
    equal to the previous number plus 1,300.
        (6) Chapter 643.--Sections 7472, 7473, 7476, 7477, 7478, 7479, 
    7479a, and 7480 are redesignated as sections 8742, 8743, 8746, 
    8747, 8748, 8749, 8749a, and 8750, respectively.
        (7) Chapter 645.--Sections 7522, 7523, and 7524 are 
    redesignated as sections 8752, 8753, and 8754, respectively.
        (8) Chapter 647.--The sections in chapter 647 are redesignated 
    as follows:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Section                        Redesignated Section
------------------------------------------------------------------------
7541                                 8761
------------------------------------------------------------------------
7541a                                8761a
------------------------------------------------------------------------
7541b                                8761b
------------------------------------------------------------------------
7542                                 8762
------------------------------------------------------------------------
7543                                 8763
------------------------------------------------------------------------
7544                                 8764
------------------------------------------------------------------------
7545                                  8765
------------------------------------------------------------------------
7546                                  8766
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 7547                                 8767
------------------------------------------------------------------------


        (9) Chapters 649, 651, 653, and 655.--Each section in chapters 
    649, 651, 653, and 655 is redesignated so that the number of the 
    section, as redesignated, is the number equal to the previous 
    number plus 1,200.
        (10) Chapter 657.--Each section in chapter 657 is redesignated 
    so that the number of the section, as redesignated, is the number 
    equal to the previous number plus 1,170.
        (11) Chapter 659.--Sections 7851, 7852, 7853, and 7854 are 
    redesignated as sections 8901, 8902, 8903, and 8904, respectively.
        (12) Chapter 661.--Sections 7861, 7862, and 7863 are 
    redesignated as sections 8911, 8912, and 8913, respectively.
        (13) Chapter 663.--Section 7881 is redesignated as section 
    8921.
        (14) Chapter 665.--Sections 7901, 7902, and 7903 are 
    redesignated as sections 8931, 8932, and 8933, respectively.
        (15) Chapter 667.--Sections 7912 and 7913 are redesignated as 
    sections 8942 and 8943, respectively.
        (16) Chapter 669.--Section 7921 is redesignated as section 
    8951.
    (e) Subtitle C Chapter Numbers.--
        (1) Part I chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part I of such 
    subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the chapter, as 
    redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 300, 
    except that chapter 513 is redesignated as chapter 809.
        (2) Part II chapter numbers.--
            (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
        each chapter in part II of such subtitle is redesignated so 
        that the number of the chapter, as redesignated, is the number 
        equal to the previous number plus 270.
            (B) Other chapters.--Chapter 533 is redesignated as chapter 
        811, chapter 535 is redesignated as chapter 812, chapter 537 is 
        redesignated as chapter 813, and chapter 539 is redesignated as 
        chapter 815.
        (3) Part III chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part III of such 
    subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the chapter, as 
    redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 250.
        (4) Part IV chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part IV of such 
    subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the chapter, as 
    redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 228, 
    except that chapter 631 is redesignated as chapter 861 and chapter 
    633 is redesignated as chapter 863.
    (f) Subtitle C Tables of Sections and Tables of Chapters.--
        (1) Tables of sections.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of each chapter of such subtitle is revised so as to conform the 
    section references in the table to the redesignations made by 
    subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d).
        (2) Tables of chapters.--The table of chapters at the beginning 
    of such subtitle, and the tables of chapters at the beginning of 
    each part of such subtitle, are revised so as to conform the 
    chapter references and section references in those tables to the 
    redesignations made by this section.
    SEC. 808. REDESIGNATION OF SECTIONS AND CHAPTERS OF SUBTITLE B OF 
      TITLE 10, UNITED STATES CODE--ARMY.
    (a) Subtitle B, Part I, Section Numbers.--Each section in part I of 
subtitle B of title 10, United States Code, is redesignated so that the 
number of the section, as redesignated, is the number equal to the 
previous number plus 4,000.
    (b) Subtitle B, Part II, Section Numbers.--The sections in part II 
of such subtitle are redesignated as follows:
        (1) Chapter 331.--Sections 3201 and 3210 are redesignated as 
    sections 7101 and 7110, respectively.
        (2) Chapter 333.--Sections 3251, 3258, and 3262 are 
    redesignated as sections 7131, 7138, and 7142, respectively.
        (3) Chapter 335.--Sections 3281, 3282, and 3283 are 
    redesignated as sections 7151, 7152, and 7153, respectively.
        (4) Chapter 339.--Section 3446 is redesignated as sections 
    7176.
        (5) Chapter 341.--Sections 3491 and 3503 are redesignated as 
    sections 7191 and 7203, respectively.
        (6) Chapter 343.--Sections 3533, 3534, 3536, 3547 and 3548 are 
    redesignated as sections 7213, 7214, 7216, 7217, and 7218, 
    respectively.
        (7) Chapter 345.--Sections 3572, 3575, 3579, 3581, and 3583 are 
    redesignated as sections 7222, 7225, 7229, 7231, and 7233, 
    respectively.
        (8) Chapter 349.--Section 3639 is redesignated as section 7239.
        (9) Chapter 353.--Sections 3681, 3684, and 3691 are 
    redesignated as sections 7251, 7252, and 7253, respectively.
        (10) Chapter 355.--Section 3723 is redesignated as section 
    7263.
        (11) Chapter 357.--Each section in chapter 357 is redesignated 
    so that the number of the section, as redesignated, is the number 
    equal to the previous number plus 3,530.
        (12) Chapter 367.--Each section in chapter 367 is redesignated 
    so that the number of the section, as redesignated, is the number 
    equal to the previous number plus 3,400.
        (13) Chapter 369.--Sections 3961, 3962, 3963, 3964, 3965, and 
    3966 are redesignated as sections 7341, 7342, 7343, 7344, 7345, and 
    7346, respectively.
        (14) Chapter 371.--Sections 3991 and 3992 are redesignated as 
    sections 7361 and 7362, respectively.
        (15) Chapter 373.--Sections 4021, 4024, 4025, and 4027 are 
    redesignated as sections 7371, 7374, 7375, and 7377, respectively.
        (16) Chapter 375.--Section 4061 is redesignated as section 
    7381.
    (c) Subtitle B, Part III, Section Numbers.--
        (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), each 
    section in part III of such subtitle is redesignated so that the 
    number of the section, as redesignated, is the number equal to the 
    previous number plus 3,100.
        (2) Chapter 407.--Each section in chapter 407 is redesignated 
    so that the number of the section, as redesignated, is the number 
    equal to the previous number plus 3,070.
    (d) Subtitle B, Part IV, Section Numbers.--Each section in part IV 
of such subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the section, as 
redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 3,000.
    (e) Subtitle B Chapter Numbers.--
        (1) Part I chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part I of such 
    subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the chapter, as 
    redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 400.
        (2) Part II chapter numbers.--
            (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
        each chapter in part II of such subtitle is redesignated so 
        that the number of the chapter, as redesignated, is the number 
        equal to the previous number plus 380.
            (B) Other chapters.--Chapters 367, 369, 371, 373, and 375 
        are each redesignated so that the number of the chapter, as 
        redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
        374.
        (3) Part III chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part III of such 
    subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the chapter, as 
    redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 350.
        (4) Part IV chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part IV of such 
    subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the chapter, as 
    redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 330.
    (f) Subtitle B Tables of Sections and Tables of Chapters.--
        (1) Tables of sections.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of each chapter of such subtitle is revised so as to conform the 
    section references in the table to the redesignations made by 
    subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d).
        (2) Tables of chapters.--The table of chapters at the beginning 
    of such subtitle, and the tables of chapters at the beginning of 
    each part of such subtitle, are revised so as to conform the 
    chapter references and section references in those tables to the 
    redesignations made by this section.
    SEC. 809. CROSS REFERENCES TO REDESIGNATED SECTIONS AND CHAPTERS.
    (a) Title 10, United States Code.--Each provision of title 10, 
United States Code (including the table of subtitles preceding subtitle 
A), that contains a reference to a section or chapter redesignated by 
this part is amended so that the reference refers to the number of the 
section or chapter as redesignated.
    (b) Laws Classified as Title 10, United States Code, Note 
Sections.--
        (1) Section 1111 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 
    U.S.C. 143 note) is amended by striking ``sections 143, 194, 3014, 
    5014, and 8014'' in subsections (a) and (b) and inserting 
    ``sections 143, 194, 7014, 8014, and 9014''.
        (2) Section 4403(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 1293 note) is 
    amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``section 3911'' 
            and inserting ``section 7311''; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``section 3914'' 
            and inserting ``section 7314'';
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``section 6323'' 
            and inserting ``section 8323''; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``section 6330'' 
            and inserting ``section 8330''; and
            (C) in paragraph (3)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``section 8911'' 
            and inserting ``section 9311''; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``section 8914'' 
            and inserting ``section 9314''.
        (3) Section 598(d)(4) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is 
    amended by striking ``sections 4361, 6980, and 9361'' and inserting 
    ``sections 7461, 8480, and 9461''.
        (4) Section 549(a)(2)(B) of the National Defense Authorization 
    Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 1580 note 
    prec.) is amended by striking ``section 4348, 6959, or 9348'' and 
    inserting ``section 7448, 8459, or 9448''.
        (5) Section 505(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 3201 note) is 
    amended by striking ``section 3201'' and inserting ``section 
    7101''.
        (6) Section 586(g)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 3741 note) is 
    amended by striking ``section 3744, 6248, or 8744'' and inserting 
    ``section 7274, 8296, or 9274''.
        (7) Section 2 of Public Law 89-650 (10 U.S.C. 4343 note) is 
    amended--
            (A) by striking ``sections 4342(b)(1), 6954(b), and 
        9342(b)(1)'' and inserting ``sections 7442(b)(1), 8454(b), and 
        9442(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code,''; and
            (B) by striking ``sections 4343, 6956, and 9343 of title 
        10, United States Code'' and inserting ``sections 7443, 8456, 
        and 9443 of such title''.
        (8) Section 323 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 4551 note) is 
    amended by striking ``section 4551(2)'' and inserting ``section 
    7551(2)''.
        (9) Section 343 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 4554 note) is 
    amended by striking ``section 4554(a)(3)(A)'' and inserting 
    ``section 7554(a)(3)(A)''.
        (10) Section 589(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 10 U.S.C. 7049 note) is 
    amended by striking ``sections 7049(a) and 9314a(a)'' and inserting 
    ``sections 8549(a) and 9414a(a)''.
        (11) Section 131(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 8062 note) is amended 
    by striking ``section 8062'' and inserting ``section 9062''.
        (12) Section 2 of Public Law 86-593 (10 U.S.C. 8744 note) is 
    amended by striking ``sections 8744(a) and 8750(b)'' and inserting 
    ``sections 9274(a) and 9280(b)''.
    (c) Title 5, United States Code.--
        (1) Section 5102(c) of title 5, United States Code, is 
    amended--
            (A) in paragraph (10)--
                (i) by striking ``section 1595, 4021, 7478, or 9021 of 
            title 10'' and inserting ``section 1595, 7371, 8748, or 
            9371 of title 10'';
                (ii) by striking ``sections 4338, 6952, and 9338, 
            respectively, of title 10'' and inserting ``sections 7438, 
            8452, and 9438, respectively, of title 10'';
                (iii) by striking ``section 7044 of title 10'' and 
            inserting ``section 8544 of title 10''; and
                (iv) by striking ``section 7043 of title 10'' and 
            inserting ``section 8543 of title 10''; and
            (B) in paragraph (28), by striking ``section 9314 of title 
        10'' and inserting ``section 9414 of title 10''.
        (2) Section 504(c) of the Department of Defense Authorization 
    Act, 1986 (Public Law 99-145; 5 U.S.C. 5102 note), is amended by 
    striking ``Section 9314(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code'' and 
    inserting ``Section 9414(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code''.
        (3) Section 5514(c) of title 5, United States Code, is amended 
    by striking ``section 4837(d) or 9837(d) of title 10'' and 
    inserting ``section 7837(d) or 9837(d) of title 10''.
        (4) Section 8150(b) of title 5, United States Code, is amended 
    by striking ``section 9441 of title 10'' and inserting ``section 
    9491 of title 10''.
    (d) Laws Classified in Title 7, United States Code.--The 7th 
proviso in the paragraph under the heading ``SALARIES'' in the 
Department of Agriculture Appropriation Act, 1937 (7 U.S.C. 2238), is 
amended by striking ``the Act of March 3, 1879 (20 Stat. 412)'' and 
inserting ``section 7655 of title 10, United States Code''.
    (e) Title 18, United States Code.--
        (1) Section 704 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
            (A) in subsection (c)(2)--
                (i) by striking ``section 3741, 6241, or 8741 of title 
            10'' in subparagraph (A) and inserting ``section 7271, 
            8291, or 9271 of title 10'';
                (ii) by striking ``section 3754, 6256, or 8754 of title 
            10'' in subparagraph (B) and inserting ``section 7284, 
            8306, or 9284 of title 10''; and
                (iii) by striking ``section 3747, 6253, or 8747 of 
            title 10'' in subparagraph (C) and inserting ``section 
            7277, 8303, or 9277 of title 10''; and
            (B) in subsection (d)(1)--
                (i) by striking ``section 3742 of title 10'' and 
            inserting ``section 7272 of title 10'';
                (ii) by striking ``section 6242 of title 10'' and 
            inserting ``section 8292 of title 10'';
                (iii) by striking ``section 8742 of section 10'' and 
            inserting ``section 9272 of title 10''; and
                (iv) by striking ``section 3746, 6244, or 8746 of title 
            10'' and inserting ``section 7276, 8294, or 9276 of title 
            10''.
        (2) Section 921(a)(4) of such title is amended by striking 
    ``section 4684(2), 4685, or 4686 of title 10'' in the matter after 
    subparagraph (C) and inserting ``section 7684(2), 7685, or 7686 of 
    title 10''
        (3) Section 925(d)(1) of such title is amended by striking 
    ``chapter 401 of title 10'' and inserting ``chapter 751 of title 
    10''.
    (f) Laws Classified in Title 22, United States Code.--Section 44 of 
the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2793) is amended by striking 
``section 7307 of title 10 of the United States Code'' and inserting 
``section 8677 of title 10, United States Code''.
    (g) Laws Classified in Title 24, United States Code.--Section 
1520(a) of the Armed Forces Retirement Home Act of 1991 (24 U.S.C. 
420(a)) is amended by striking ``sections 4712(f) and 9712(f) of title 
10, United States Code'' in the matter before paragraph (1) and 
inserting ``sections 7712(f) and 9712(f) of title 10, United States 
Code''.
    (h) Laws Classified in Title 26, United States Code.--
        (1) Section 170(p)(6) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is 
    amended by striking ``section 6973 of title 10, United States 
    Code'' and inserting ``section 8473 of title 10, United States 
    Code''.
        (2) Section 2055(g) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is 
    amended--
            (A) in paragraph (4), by striking ``section 7222 of title 
        10, United States Code'' and inserting ``section 8622 of title 
        10, United States Code'';
            (B) in paragraph (9), by striking ``section 6973 of title 
        10, United States Code'' and inserting ``section 8473 of title 
        10, United States Code''; and
            (C) in paragraph (10), by striking ``section 6974 of title 
        10, United States Code'' and inserting ``section 8474 of title 
        10, United States Code''.
        (3) Section 5845(f) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is 
    amended by striking ``section 4684(2), 4685, or 4686 of title 10 of 
    the United States Code'' and inserting ``section 7684(2), 7685, or 
    7686 of title 10, United States Code''.
    (i) Laws Classified in Title 30, United States Code.--
        (1) Section 35(a) of the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 191(a)) 
    is amended by striking ``the Act of June 4, 1920 (41 Stat. 813), as 
    amended June 30, 1938 (52 Stat. 1252)'' before the period at the 
    end of the first sentence and inserting ``section 8733(b) of title 
    10, United States Code''.
        (2) Section 4 of the Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands (30 
    U.S.C. 353) is amended by striking ``the Act of June 30, 1938 (32 
    Stat. 1252), amending the Act of June 4, 1920 (41 Stat. 813)'' 
    before the period at the end and inserting ``chapter 869 of title 
    10, United States Code''.
    (j) Title 32, United States Code.--Section 113(b)(1)(A) of title 
32, United States Code, is amended by striking ``section 3013(b) of 
title 10'' and inserting ``section 7013(b) of title 10''.
    (k) Laws Classified in Title 33, United States Code.--
        (1) Section 902(c)(2) of the Oceans and Human Health Act (33 
    U.S.C. 3101(c)(2)) is amended by striking ``(10 U.S.C. 7902(a))'' 
    and inserting ``(10 U.S.C. 8932(a))''.
        (2) Section 12406(a)(3) of the Federal Ocean Acidification 
    Research And Monitoring Act of 2009 (33 U.S.C. 3705(a)(3)) is 
    amended by striking ``section 7901 of title 10, United States 
    Code'' and inserting ``section 8931 of title 10, United States 
    Code''.
    (l) Title 36, United States Code.--
        (1) Section 903(b) of title 36, United States Code, is amended 
    by striking ``sections 3755, 6257, and 8755 of title 10'' and 
    inserting ``sections 7285, 8307, and 9285 of title 10''.
        (2) Section 40303(b) of such title is amended by striking 
    ``section 9447 of title 10'' and inserting ``section 9497 of title 
    10''.
    (m) Title 37, United States Code.--
        (1) Section 207(c) of title 37, United States Code, is amended 
    by striking ``section 6222 of title 10'' and inserting ``section 
    8287 of title 10''.
        (2) Section 301a(a)(6)(D) of such title is amended by striking 
    ``section 6911 of title 10'' and inserting ``section 8411 of title 
    10''.
        (3) Section 334(h)(4) of such title is amended by striking 
    ``section 6911 of title 10'' and inserting ``section 8411 of title 
    10''.
        (4) Section 424(c) of such title is amended by striking 
    ``section 6222 of title 10'' and inserting ``section 8287 of title 
    10''.
    (n) Title 38, United States Code.--
        (1) The following provisions of chapter 17 of title 38, United 
    States Code, are amended by striking ``section 3741, 6241, or 8741 
    of title 10'' and inserting ``section 7271, 8291, or 9271 of title 
    10'':
            (A) Section 1705(a)(1).
            (B) Section 1710(a)(2)(D).
            (C) Section 1710B(c)(2)(D).
            (D) Section 1722A(a)(3)(D).
        (2) Section 2306(d)(5) of such title is amended by striking 
    ``section 3741, 6241, or 8741 of title 10'' in subparagraphs 
    (C)(iii) and (D) and inserting ``section 7271, 8291, or 9271 of 
    title 10''.
        (3) Section 3311(d)(2) of such title is amended by striking 
    ``section 4348, 6959, or 9348 of title 10'' and inserting ``section 
    7448, 8459, or 9448 of title 10''.
    (n) Laws Classified in Title 42, United States Code.--
        (1) Section 106 of the Naval Petroleum Reserves Production Act 
    of 1976 (42 U.S.C. 6506) is amended by striking ``section 7430 of 
    title 10, United States Code'' and inserting ``section 8730 of 
    title 10, United States Code''.
        (2) Section 3022 of the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 
    6939d) is amended--
            (A) in subsection (c)(2), by striking ``section 7293 and 
        sections 7304 through 7308 of title 10, United States Code'' 
        and inserting ``section 8663 and sections 8674 through 8678 of 
        title 10, United States Code''; and
            (B) in subsection (d), by striking ``section 7311 of title 
        10, United States Code'' and inserting ``section 8681 of title 
        10, United States Code''.
        (3) The Department of Energy Organization Act is amended--
            (A) in section 307 (42 U.S.C. 7156), by striking ``chapter 
        641 of title 10, United States Code'' in the matter before 
        paragraph (1) and inserting ``chapter 869 of title 10, United 
        States Code''; and
            (B) in section 625(a) (42 U.S.C. 7235(a)), by striking 
        ``chapter 641 of title 10, United States Code'' and inserting 
        ``chapter 869 of title 10, United States Code''.
        (4) Section 102(f)(3) of the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation 
    Control Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 7912(f)(3)) is amended by striking 
    ``(10 U.S.C. 7420 note; Public Law 105-261)'' in the matter before 
    subparagraph (A) and inserting ``(10 U.S.C. 8720 note; Public Law 
    105-261)''.
    (p) Laws Classified in Title 43, United States Code.--Section 2(e) 
of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601(e)) is 
amended by striking ``sections 7421 through 7438 of title 10 of the 
United States Code'' and inserting ``sections 8721 through 8738 of 
title 10, United States Code,''.
    (q) Title 46, United States Code.--Section 57100(d)(1) of title 46, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``section 7310 of title 10, 
United States Code,'' and inserting ``section 8680 of title 10''.
    (r) Laws Classified in Title 50, United States Code.--Section 
505(a)(2)(B)(i) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 
3095(a)(2)(B)(i)) is amended by striking ``(including a law enacted 
pursuant to section 7307(a) of that title)'' and inserting ``(including 
a law enacted pursuant to section 8677(a) of title 10)''.
    (s) Title 54, United States Code.--Section 303102 of title 54, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``section 7433(b) of title 
10'' and inserting ``section 8733(b) of title 10''.
    (t) Deeming Rule for Other References.--Any reference in a 
provision of law (other than a provision amended by this section) to a 
section or chapter redesignated by this part shall be deemed to refer 
to the section or chapter as so redesignated.

   PART III--REPEALS OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION LAW

    SEC. 811. AMENDMENT TO AND REPEAL OF STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS FOR 
      CERTAIN POSITIONS OR OFFICES IN THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Amendment Relating to Director of Corrosion Policy and 
Oversight.--Section 2228(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by striking ``, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
    ``and Sustainment'' both places it appears; and
        (2) by striking ``The Director shall report directly to the 
    Under Secretary'' at the end of paragraph (2).
    (b) Repeal of Statutory Requirement for Office of Technology 
Transition.--
        (1) Repeal.--Section 2515 of title 10, United States Code, is 
    repealed.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of subchapter III of chapter 148 of such title is amended by 
    striking the item relating to section 2515.
    (c) Repeal of Statutory Requirement for Office for Foreign Defense 
Critical Technology Monitoring and Assessment.--
        (1) Repeal.--Section 2517 of title 10, United States Code, is 
    repealed.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of subchapter III of chapter 148 of such title is amended by 
    striking the item relating to section 2517.
    (d) Repeal of Statutory Requirement for Defense Logistics Agency 
Advocate for Competition.--
        (1) Repeal.--Section 2318 of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (a); and
            (B) by striking ``(b)'' before ``Each advocate''.
        (2) Technical amendments.--Such section is further amended--
            (A) by striking ``advocate for competition of'' and 
        inserting ``advocate for competition designated pursuant to 
        section 1705(a) of title 41 for''; and
            (B) by striking ``a grade GS-16 or above under the General 
        Schedule (or in a comparable or higher position under another 
        schedule)'' and inserting ``in a position classified above GS-
        15 pursuant to section 5108 of title 5''.
    (e) Repeal of Statutory Requirement for Designation of Individual 
to Serve as Primary Liaison Between the Procurement and Research and 
Development Activities of the United States Armed Forces and Those of 
the State of Israel.--Section 1006 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1989 (Public Law 100-456; 102 Stat. 
2040; 10 U.S.C. 133a note) is repealed.
    (f) Repeal of Statutory Requirement for Designation of Senior 
Official to Coordinate and Manage Human Systems Integration Activities 
Related to Acquisition Programs.--Section 231 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 
45; 10 U.S.C. 1701 note) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``(a) In General.--''; and
        (2) by striking subsections (b), (c), and (d).
    (g) Repeal of Statutory Requirement for Designation of Senior 
Official Responsible for Focus on Urgent Operational Needs and Rapid 
Acquisition.--Section 902 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1865; 10 U.S.C. 2302 
note) is repealed.
    (h) Repeal of Statutory Requirement for Designation of Senior 
Official Responsible for Dual-use Projects Under Dual-use Science and 
Technology Program.--Section 203 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 1998 (Public Law 105-85; 10 U.S.C. 2511 note) is 
amended by striking subsection (c).
    (i) Submission of Notice and Plan to Congress.--Not less than 30 
days before reorganizing, restructuring, or eliminating any position or 
office specified in this section, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
notice of such reorganization, restructuring, or elimination together 
with a plan to ensure that mission requirements are met and appropriate 
oversight is conducted in carrying out such reorganization, 
restructuring, or elimination. Such plan shall address how user needs 
will be met and how associated roles and responsibilities will be 
accomplished for each position or office that the Secretary determines 
requiring reorganization, restructuring, or elimination.
    SEC. 812. REPEAL OF CERTAIN DEFENSE ACQUISITION LAWS.
    (a) Title 10, United States Code.--
        (1) Section 167a.--
            (A) Repeal.--Section 167a of title 10, United States Code, 
        is repealed.
            (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 6 of such title is amended by striking the 
        item relating to section 167a.
            (C) Conforming amendment.--Section 905(a)(1) of the John 
        Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 
        (Public Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 133a note) is amended by 
        striking ``166b, 167, or 167a'' and inserting ``166b or 167''.
        (2) Section 2323.--
            (A) Repeal.--Section 2323 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is repealed.
            (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 137 of such title is amended by striking 
        the item relating to section 2323.
            (C) Conforming amendments.--
                (i) Section 853(c) of the National Defense 
            Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 
            10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by striking ``section 2323 
            of title 10, United States Code, and''.
                (ii) Section 831(n) of the National Defense 
            Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 
            10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--

                    (I) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``, as in effect 
                on March 1, 2018'' after ``section 2323 of title 10, 
                United States Code''; and
                    (II) in paragraph (6), by striking ``section 2323 
                of title 10, United States Code, and''.

                (iii) Section 8304(1) of the Federal Acquisition 
            Streamlining Act of 1994 (10 U.S.C. 2375 note) is amended 
            by striking ``section 2323 of title 10, United States Code, 
            or''.
                (iv) Section 10004(a)(1) of the Federal Acquisition 
            Streamlining Act of 1994 (41 U.S.C. 1122 note) is amended 
            by striking ``section 2323 of title 10, United States Code, 
            or''.
                (v) Section 2304(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code, 
            is amended by striking ``and concerns other than'' and all 
            that follows through ``this title''.
                (vi) Section 2304e(b) of title 10, United States Code, 
            is amended--

                    (I) by striking ``other than--'' and all that 
                follows through ``small'' and inserting ``other than 
                small'';
                    (II) by striking ``; or'' and inserting a period; 
                and
                    (III) by striking paragraph (2).

                (vii) Section 2323a(a) of title 10, United States Code, 
            is amended by striking ``section 2323 of this title and''.
                (viii) Section 15 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
            644) is amended--

                    (I) in subsection (j)(3), by striking ``section 
                2323 of title 10, United States Code,'';
                    (II) in subsection (k)(10)--

                        (aa) by striking ``or section 2323 of title 10, 
                    United States Code,'' and all that follows through 
                    ``subsection (m),''; and
                        (bb) by striking ``subsection (a),'' and 
                    inserting ``subsection (a) or''; and

                    (III) by amending subsection (m) to read as 
                follows:

    ``(m) Additional Duties of Procurement Center Representatives.--All 
procurement center representatives (including those referred to in 
subsection (k)(6)), in addition to such other duties as may be assigned 
by the Administrator, shall increase, insofar as possible, the number 
and dollar value of procurements that may be used for the programs 
established under this section and section 8(a).''.
                (ix) Section 1902(b)(1) of title 41, United States 
            Code, is amended by striking ``, section 2323 of title 
            10,''.
        (3) Section 2332.--
            (A) Repeal.--Section 2332 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is repealed.
            (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 137 of such title is amended by striking 
        the item relating to section 2332.
    (b) Other Provisions of Law.--The following provisions of law are 
repealed:
        (1) Section 934 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 10 U.S.C. 2223a note).
        (2) Section 804 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2223a note).
        (3) Section 804 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note).
        (4) Section 829 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note).
        (5) Section 818(g) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note).
        (6) Section 815(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note).
        (7) Section 141 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 10 
    U.S.C. 2302 note).
        (8) Section 801(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note).
        (9) Section 352 of the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization 
    Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note).
        (10) Section 9004 of the Department of Defense Appropriations 
    Act, 1990 (Public Law 101-165; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note).
        (11) Section 802 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 
    U.S.C. 2304 note).
        (12) Section 813 of the John Warner National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 
    U.S.C. 2304 note).
        (13) Section 391 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 1998 (Public Law 105-85; 10 U.S.C. 2304 note).
        (14) Section 927(b) of Public Laws 99-500, 99-591, and 99-661 
    (10 U.S.C. 2304 note).
        (15) Section 1222(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 1987 (Public Law 99-661; 10 U.S.C. 2304 note).
        (16) Section 814(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2304a note).
        (17) Section 834 of the John Warner National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 
    U.S.C. 2304b note).
        (18) Section 803 of the Strom Thurmond National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 (Public Law 105-261; 10 
    U.S.C. 2306a note).
        (19) Section 1075 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 2315 note).
        (20) Section 818 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 2324 note).
        (21) Sections 908(a), (b), (c), and (e) of Public Laws 99-500, 
    99-591, and 99-661 (10 U.S.C. 2326 note).
        (22) Section 807 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 2330 note).
        (23) Section 808(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 2330 note).
        (24) Section 812(b)-(c) of the National Defense Authorization 
    Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 10 U.S.C. 2330 note).
        (25) Section 801(d)-(f) of the National Defense Authorization 
    Act for Fiscal Year 2002 (Public Law 107-107; 10 U.S.C. 2330 note).
        (26) Section 802 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2002 (Public Law 107-107; 10 U.S.C. 2330 note).
        (27) Section 831 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 
    U.S.C. 2330a note).
        (28) Section 1032 of the Bob Stump National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 10 
    U.S.C. 2358 note).
        (29) Section 241 of the Bob Stump National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 10 
    U.S.C. 2358 note).
        (30) Section 913(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 2000 (Public Law 106-65; 10 U.S.C. 2364 note).
        (31) Sections 234(a) and (b) of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1987 (Public Law 99-661; 10 
    U.S.C. 2364 note).
        (32) Section 943(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 2366a note).
        (33) Section 801 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 1990 (Public Law 101-189; 10 U.S.C. 2399 note).
        (34) Section 8133 of the Department of Defense Appropriations 
    Act, 2000 (Public Law 106-79; 10 U.S.C. 2401a note).
        (35) Section 807(b) of the John Warner National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 
    U.S.C. 2410p note).
        (36) Section 1058 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
    McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
    (Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note).
        (37) Section 838 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103-160; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note).
        (38) Section 809 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note).
        (39) Section 833 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103-160; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note).
        (40) Section 839 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103-160; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note).
        (41) Section 819 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note).
        (42) Section 5064 of the Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act 
    of 1994 (Public Law 103-355; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note).
        (43) Section 803 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 1997 (Public Law 104-201; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note).
        (44) Section 328 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2458 note).
        (45) Section 347 of the Strom Thurmond National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 (Public Law 105-261; 10 
    U.S.C. 2458 note).
        (46) Section 349 of the Strom Thurmond National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 (Public Law 105-261; 10 
    U.S.C. 2458 note).
        (47) Section 395 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 1998 (Public Law 105-85; 10 U.S.C. 2458 note).
        (48) Section 325 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 10 
    U.S.C. 2461 note).
        (49) Section 336 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 2461 note).
        (50) Section 353(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 2461 note).
        (51) Section 353(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 2461 note).
        (52) Section 356 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 2461 note).
        (53) Section 1010 of the USA Patriot Act of 2001 (Public Law 
    107-56; 10 U.S.C. 2465 note).
        (54) Section 4101 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 2500 note).
        (55) Section 852 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 2504 note).
        (56) Section 823 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 2521 note).
        (57) Section 823 of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 
    U.S.C. 2533b note).
        (58) Section 804(h) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 2533b note).
        (59) Section 842(b) of the John Warner National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 
    U.S.C. 2533b note).
        (60) Section 343 of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (as enacted into law by 
    Public Law 106-398; 10 U.S.C. 4551 note).
    SEC. 813. REPEAL OF CERTAIN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REPORTING 
      REQUIREMENTS.
    (a) Amendments to Title 10, United States Code.--Title 10, United 
States Code, is amended as follows:
        (1) Section 231a.--
            (A) Repeal.--Section 231a is repealed.
            (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 9 is amended by striking the item relating 
        to section 231a.
        (2) Section 2276.--Section 2276 is amended by striking 
    subsection (e).
    (b) NDAA for FY 2008.--The National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181) is amended--
        (1) in section 911(f) (10 U.S.C. 2271 note)--
            (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``; Biennial 
        Update'';
            (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``, and each update 
        required by paragraph (2),''; and
            (C) by striking paragraph (2) and redesignating paragraph 
        (3) as paragraph (2); and
        (2) in section 1034--
            (A) by striking subsection (d); and
            (B) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
    (c) NDAA for FY 2009.--Section 1047(d) of the Duncan Hunter 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 
110-417; 10 U.S.C. 2366b note) is amended--
        (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Bandwidth'' and 
    all that follows through ``The Secretary'' and inserting 
    ``Bandwidth Requirements.--The Secretary''; and
        (2) by striking paragraph (2).
    (d) NDAA for FY 2010.--Section 1244 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 22 U.S.C. 
1928 note) is amended by striking subsection (d).
    (e) NDAA for FY 2011.--Section 1217 of the Ike Skelton National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 22 
U.S.C. 7513 note) is amended by striking subsection (i).
    (f) NDAA for FY 2013.--Section 524 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 
1723; 10 U.S.C. 1222 note) is amended by striking subsection (c).
    (g) NDAA for FY 2015.--Section 1026(d) of the Carl Levin and Howard 
P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3490) is repealed.
    (h) Military Construction Authorization Act, 1982.--Section 703 of 
the Military Construction Authorization Act, 1982 (Public Law 97-99; 95 
Stat. 1376) is amended by striking subsection (g).
    (i) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) NDAA for fy 2017.--Section 1061 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 
    U.S.C. 111 note) is amended--
            (A) in subsection (c), by striking paragraphs (16) and 
        (41);
            (B) in subsection (d), by striking paragraph (3);
            (C) in subsection (f), by striking paragraph (1);
            (D) in subsection (g), by striking paragraph (3);
            (E) in subsection (h), by striking paragraph (3); and
            (F) in subsection (i), by striking paragraphs (15), (17), 
        and (24).
        (2) NDAA for fy 2000.--Section 1031 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000 (Public Law 106-65; 113 
    Stat. 749; 31 U.S.C. 1113 note) is amended by striking paragraph 
    (32).

Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

    SEC. 816. MODIFICATION OF LIMITATIONS ON SINGLE SOURCE TASK OR 
      DELIVERY ORDER CONTRACTS.
    Section 2304a(d)(3)(A) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``reasonably perform the work'' and inserting ``efficiently 
perform the work''.
    SEC. 817. PRELIMINARY COST ANALYSIS REQUIREMENT FOR EXERCISE OF 
      MULTIYEAR CONTRACT AUTHORITY.
    Section 2306b(i)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by striking ``made after the completion of a cost 
    analysis'' and inserting ``supported by a preliminary cost 
    analysis''; and
        (2) by striking ``for the purpose of section 2334(e)(1) of this 
    title, and that the analysis supports those preliminary findings''.
    SEC. 818. REVISION OF REQUIREMENT TO SUBMIT INFORMATION ON SERVICES 
      CONTRACTS TO CONGRESS.
    (a) Revision.--Section 2329(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by striking ``October 1, 2022'' and inserting ``October 1, 
    2021''; and
        (2) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) by striking ``at or about'' and inserting ``at or 
        before''; and
            (B) by inserting ``or on the date on which the future-years 
        defense program is submitted to Congress under section 221 of 
        this title'' after ``title 31'';
        (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
        (4) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; and''; and
        (5) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(5) be included in the future-years defense program submitted 
    to Congress under section 221 of this title.''.
    (b) Briefing Requirement on Services Contracts.--Not later than 180 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 180 days 
thereafter until the requirements of section 2329(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, are met, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment shall brief the congressional defense 
committees on the progress of Department of Defense efforts to meet the 
requirements of such section, including relevant information on the 
methodology and implementation plans for future compliance.
    SEC. 819. DATA COLLECTION AND INVENTORY FOR SERVICES CONTRACTS.
    Section 2330a of title 10, United States Code, is amended in 
subsection (c)(1)--
        (1) by inserting ``and contracts closely associated with 
    inherently governmental functions'' after ``staff augmentation 
    contracts''; and
        (2) by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
    Technology, and Logistics'' each place it appears and inserting 
    ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
    SEC. 820. REPORT ON CLARIFICATION OF SERVICES CONTRACTING 
      DEFINITIONS.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report clarifying the definitions of and relationships 
between terms used by the Department of Defense related to services 
contracting, including the appropriate use of personal services 
contracts and nonpersonal services contracts, and the responsibilities 
of individuals in the acquisition workforce with respect to such 
contracts.
    SEC. 821. INCREASE IN MICRO-PURCHASE THRESHOLD APPLICABLE TO 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) In General.--Section 2338 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``Notwithstanding subsection (a) of section 1902 of 
title 41, the micro-purchase threshold for the Department of Defense 
for purposes of such section is $5,000'' and inserting ``The micro-
purchase threshold for the Department of Defense is $10,000''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1902(a)(1) of title 41, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``sections 2338 and 2339 of title 
10 and''.
    (c) Repeal of Obsolete Authority.--
        (1) In general.--Section 2339 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is repealed.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
    striking the item relating to section 2339.
    SEC. 822. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTING DISPUTE MATTERS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall carry out a study 
of the frequency and effects of bid protests involving the same 
contract award or proposed award that have been filed at both the 
Government Accountability Office and the United States Court of Federal 
Claims. The study shall cover Department of Defense contracts and 
include, at a minimum--
        (1) the number of protests that have been filed with both 
    tribunals and results;
        (2) the number of such protests where the tribunals differed in 
    denying or sustaining the action;
        (3) the length of time, in average time and median time--
            (A) from initial filing at the Government Accountability 
        Office to decision in the United States Court of Federal 
        Claims;
            (B) from filing with each tribunal to decision by such 
        tribunal;
            (C) from the time at which the basis of the protest is 
        known to the time of filing in each tribunal; and
            (D) in the case of an appeal from a decision of the United 
        States Court of Federal Claims, from the date of the initial 
        filing of the appeal to decision in the appeal;
        (4) the number of protests where performance was stayed or 
    enjoined and for how long;
        (5) if performance was stayed or enjoined, whether the 
    requirement was obtained in the interim through another vehicle or 
    in-house, or whether during the period of the stay or enjoining the 
    requirement went unfulfilled;
        (6) separately for each tribunal, the number of protests where 
    performance was stayed or enjoined and monetary damages were 
    awarded, which shall include for how long performance was stayed or 
    enjoined and the amount of monetary damages;
        (7) whether the protestor was a large or small business; and
        (8) whether the protestor was the incumbent in a prior contract 
    for the same or similar product or service.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees, the Committee on the Judiciary of the 
Senate, and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
Representatives a report on the results of the study, along with 
related recommendations for improving the expediency of the bid protest 
process. In preparing the report, the Secretary shall consult with the 
Attorney General of the United States, the Comptroller General of the 
United States, and the United States Court of Federal Claims.
    (c) Ongoing Data Collection.--Not later than 270 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
establish and continuously maintain a data repository to collect on an 
ongoing basis the information described in subsection (a) and any 
additional relevant bid protest data the Secretary determines necessary 
and appropriate to allow the Department of Defense, the Government 
Accountability Office, and the United States Court of Federal Claims to 
assess and review bid protests over time.
    (d) Establishment of Expedited Process for Small Value Contracts.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than December 1, 2019, the Secretary 
    of Defense shall develop a plan and schedule for an expedited bid 
    protest process for Department of Defense contracts with a value of 
    less than $100,000.
        (2) Consultation.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the Secretary 
    of Defense may consult with the Government Accountability Office 
    and the United States Court of Federal Claims to the extent such 
    entities may establish a similar process at their election.
        (3) Report.--Not later than May 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
    Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
    report on the plan and schedule for implementation of the expedited 
    bid protest process, which shall include a request for any 
    additional authorities the Secretary determines appropriate for 
    such efforts.
    SEC. 823. INCLUSION OF BEST AVAILABLE INFORMATION REGARDING PAST 
      PERFORMANCE OF SUBCONTRACTORS AND JOINT VENTURE PARTNERS.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Federal 
Acquisition Regulatory Council and the Administrator for Federal 
Procurement Policy, shall develop policies for the Department of 
Defense to ensure the best information regarding past performance of 
certain subcontractors and joint venture partners is available when 
awarding Department of Defense contracts. The policies shall include 
proposed revisions to the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation 
Supplement as follows:
        (1) Required performance evaluations, as part of a government-
    wide evaluation reporting tool, for first-tier subcontractors on 
    construction and architect-engineer contracts performing a portion 
    of the contract valued at the threshold set forth in section 
    42.1502(e) of the Federal Acquisition Regulation, or 20 percent of 
    the value of the prime contract, whichever is higher, provided--
            (A) the information included in rating the subcontractor is 
        not inconsistent with the information included in the rating 
        for the prime contractor;
            (B) the subcontractor evaluation is conducted consistent 
        with the provisions of section 42.15 of the Federal Acquisition 
        Regulation;
            (C) negative evaluations of a subcontractor in no way 
        obviate the prime contractor's responsibility for successful 
        completion of the contract and management of its 
        subcontractors; and
            (D) that in the judgment of the contracting officer, the 
        overall execution of the work is impacted by the performance of 
        the subcontractor or subcontractors.
        (2) Required performance evaluations, as part of a government-
    wide evaluation reporting tool, of individual partners of joint 
    venture-awarded construction and architect-engineer contracts 
    valued at the threshold set forth in section 42.1502(e) of the 
    Federal Acquisition Regulation, to ensure that past performance on 
    joint venture projects is considered in future awards to individual 
    joint venture partners, provided--
            (A) at a minimum, the rating for joint ventures includes an 
        identification that allows the evaluation to be retrieved for 
        each partner of the joint venture;
            (B) each partner, through the joint venture, is given the 
        same opportunity to submit comments, rebutting statements, or 
        additional information, consistent with the provisions of 
        section 42.15 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation; and
            (C) the rating clearly identifies the responsibilities of 
        joint venture partners for discrete elements of the work where 
        the partners are not jointly and severally responsible for the 
        project.
        (3) Processes to request exceptions from the annual evaluation 
    requirement under section 42.1502(a) of the Federal Acquisition 
    Regulation for construction and architect-engineer contracts where 
    submission of the annual evaluations would not provide the best 
    representation of the performance of a contractor, including 
    subcontractors and joint venture partners, including--
            (A) where no severable element of the work has been 
        completed;
            (B) where the contracting officer determines that--
                (i) an insubstantial portion of the contract work has 
            been completed in the preceding year; and
                (ii) the lack of performance is at no fault to the 
            contractor; or
            (C) where the contracting officer determines that there is 
        an issue in dispute which, until resolved, would likely cause 
        the annual rating to inaccurately reflect the past performance 
        of the contractor.
    SEC. 824. SUBCONTRACTING PRICE AND APPROVED PURCHASING SYSTEMS.
    (a) Amendment.--Section 893 of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 
2302 note) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (g), by adding at the end the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(5) The term `approved purchasing system' has the meaning 
    given the term in section 44.101 of the Federal Acquisition 
    Regulation (or any similar regulation).''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(i) Consent to Subcontract.--If the contractor on a Department of 
Defense contract requiring a contracting officer's written consent 
prior to the contractor entering into a subcontract has an approved 
purchasing system, the contracting officer may not withhold such 
consent without the written approval of the program manager.''.
    (b) Conforming Regulations.--Not later than 120 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall revise the 
Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement to conform with the 
amendments to section 893 of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 
2302 note) made by this section.
    SEC. 825. MODIFICATION OF CRITERIA FOR WAIVERS OF REQUIREMENT FOR 
      CERTIFIED COST AND PRICE DATA.
    Section 817(b)(2) of the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 10 U.S.C. 2306a note) is 
amended by striking ``; and'' and inserting ``; or''.

 Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

    SEC. 831. REVISIONS IN AUTHORITY RELATING TO PROGRAM COST TARGETS 
      AND FIELDING TARGETS FOR MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.
    (a) Revisions in Authority Relating to Program Cost and Fielding 
Targets.--Section 2448a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``Secretary of Defense'' and 
    inserting ``designated milestone decision authority for the 
    program'';
        (2) by striking ``the milestone decision authority for the 
    major defense acquisition program approves a program that'' and 
    inserting ``the program'';
        (3) by striking subsection (b); and
        (4) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Section 181(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended--
            (A) by striking paragraph (3); and
            (B) by redesignating paragraphs (4), (5), (6), and (7) as 
        paragraphs (3), (4), (5), and (6), respectively.
        (2) Section 2366a(c)(1)(A) of such title is amended by striking 
    ``by the Secretary of Defense''.
        (3) Section 2366b of such title is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)(3)(D), by striking ``Secretary of 
        Defense after a request for such increase or delay by the''; 
        and
            (B) in subsection (c)(1)(A), by striking ``by the Secretary 
        of Defense''.
        (4) Section 925(b)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2361; 10 U.S.C. 
    2448a note) is amended by striking ``Deputy Secretary of Defense 
    and the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff'' and inserting 
    ``designated milestone decision authority for the major defense 
    acquisition program and the Vice Chief of Staff of the armed force 
    concerned or, in the case of a program for which an alternate 
    milestone decision authority is designated under section 2430(d)(2) 
    of such title, the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff''.
    SEC. 832. IMPLEMENTATION OF RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE INDEPENDENT 
      STUDY ON CONSIDERATION OF SUSTAINMENT IN WEAPONS SYSTEMS LIFE 
      CYCLE.
    (a) Implementation Required.--Not later than 18 months after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, 
except as provided under subsection (b), commence implementation of 
each recommendation submitted as part of the independent assessment 
produced under section 844 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2290).
    (b) Exceptions.--
        (1) Delayed implementation.--The Secretary of Defense may 
    commence implementation of a recommendation described under 
    subsection (a) later than the date required under such subsection 
    if the Secretary provides the congressional defense committees with 
    a specific justification for the delay in implementation of such 
    recommendation.
        (2) Nonimplementation.--The Secretary of Defense may opt not to 
    implement a recommendation described under subsection (a) if the 
    Secretary provides to the congressional defense committees--
            (A) the reasons for the decision not to implement the 
        recommendation; and
            (B) a summary of the alternative actions the Secretary 
        plans to take to address the purposes underlying the 
        recommendation.
    (c) Implementation Plans.--For each recommendation that the 
Secretary is implementing, or that the Secretary plans to implement, 
the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees--
        (1) a summary of actions that have been taken to implement the 
    recommendation; and
        (2) a schedule, with specific milestones, for completing the 
    implementation of the recommendation.
    SEC. 833. COMPTROLLER GENERAL ASSESSMENT OF ACQUISITION PROGRAMS 
      AND RELATED INITIATIVES.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 131 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2229b. Comptroller General assessment of acquisition programs 
     and initiatives
    ``(a)  Assessment Required.--The Comptroller General of the United 
States shall submit to the congressional defense committees an annual 
assessment of selected acquisition programs and initiatives of the 
Department of Defense by March 30th of each year from 2020 through 
2023.
    ``(b) Analyses To Be Included.--The assessment required under 
subsection (a) shall include--
        ``(1) a macro analysis of how well acquisition programs and 
    initiatives are performing and reasons for that performance;
        ``(2) a summary of organizational and legislative changes and 
    emerging assessment methodologies since the last assessment, and a 
    discussion of the implications for execution and oversight of 
    programs and initiatives; and
        ``(3) specific analyses of individual acquisition programs and 
    initiatives.
    ``(c) Acquisition Programs and Initiatives to Be Considered.--The 
assessment required under subsection (a) shall consider the following 
programs and initiatives:
        ``(1) Selected weapon systems, as determined appropriate by the 
    Comptroller General.
        ``(2) Selected information technology systems and initiatives, 
    including defense business systems, networks, and software-
    intensive systems, as determined appropriate by the Comptroller 
    General.
        ``(3) Selected prototyping and rapid fielding activities and 
    initiatives, as determined appropriate by the Comptroller 
    General.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
2229a the following new item:

``2229b. Comptroller General assessment of acquisition programs and 
          related initiatives.''.

    (c) Repeal of Superseded Authority.--Section 883(d) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 
U.S.C. 2222 note) is amended by striking paragraph (1), effective on 
January 1, 2020.

          Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

    SEC. 836. REVISION OF DEFINITION OF COMMERCIAL ITEM FOR PURPOSES OF 
      FEDERAL ACQUISITION STATUTES.
    (a) Definitions in Chapter 1 of Title 41, United States Code.--
        (1) Separation of ``commercial item'' definition into 
    definitions of ``commercial product'' and ``commercial service''.--
    Chapter 1 of title 41, United States Code, is amended by striking 
    section 103 and inserting the following new sections:
``Sec. 103. Commercial product
    ``In this subtitle, the term `commercial product' means any of the 
following:
        ``(1) A product, other than real property, that--
            ``(A) is of a type customarily used by the general public 
        or by nongovernmental entities for purposes other than 
        governmental purposes; and
            ``(B) has been sold, leased, or licensed, or offered for 
        sale, lease, or license, to the general public.
        ``(2) A product that--
            ``(A) evolved from a product described in paragraph (1) 
        through advances in technology or performance; and
            ``(B) is not yet available in the commercial marketplace 
        but will be available in the commercial marketplace in time to 
        satisfy the delivery requirements under a Federal Government 
        solicitation.
        ``(3) A product that would satisfy the criteria in paragraph 
    (1) or (2) were it not for--
            ``(A) modifications of a type customarily available in the 
        commercial marketplace; or
            ``(B) minor modifications made to meet Federal Government 
        requirements.
        ``(4) Any combination of products meeting the requirements of 
    paragraph (1), (2), or (3) that are of a type customarily combined 
    and sold in combination to the general public.
        ``(5) A product, or combination of products, referred to in 
    paragraphs (1) through (4), even though the product, or combination 
    of products, is transferred between or among separate divisions, 
    subsidiaries, or affiliates of a contractor.
        ``(6) A nondevelopmental item if the procuring agency 
    determines, in accordance with conditions in the Federal 
    Acquisition Regulation, that--
            ``(A) the product was developed exclusively at private 
        expense; and
            ``(B) has been sold in substantial quantities, on a 
        competitive basis, to multiple State and local governments or 
        to multiple foreign governments.
``Sec. 103a. Commercial service
    ``In this subtitle, the term `commercial service' means any of the 
following:
        ``(1) Installation services, maintenance services, repair 
    services, training services, and other services if--
            ``(A) those services are procured for support of a 
        commercial product, regardless of whether the services are 
        provided by the same source or at the same time as the 
        commercial product; and
            ``(B) the source of the services provides similar services 
        contemporaneously to the general public under terms and 
        conditions similar to those offered to the Federal Government;
        ``(2) Services of a type offered and sold competitively, in 
    substantial quantities, in the commercial marketplace--
            ``(A) based on established catalog or market prices;
            ``(B) for specific tasks performed or specific outcomes to 
        be achieved; and
            ``(C) under standard commercial terms and conditions.
        ``(3) A service described in paragraph (1) or (2), even though 
    the service is transferred between or among separate divisions, 
    subsidiaries, or affiliates of a contractor.''.
        (2) Conforming amendments to title 41 definitions.--
            (A) Definition of commercial component.--Section 102 of 
        such title is amended by striking ``commercial item'' and 
        inserting ``commercial product''.
            (B) Definition of commercially available off-the-shelf 
        item.--Section 104(1)(A) is amended by striking ``commercial 
        item'' and inserting ``commercial product''.
            (C) Definition of nondevelopmental item.--Section 110(1) of 
        such title is amended by striking ``commercial item'' and 
        inserting ``commercial product''.
        (3) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 1 of title 41, United States Code, is amended by 
    striking the item relating to section 103 and inserting the 
    following new items:

``103. Commercial product.
``103a. Commercial service.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendments to Other Provisions of Title 41, United 
States Code.--Title 41, United States Code, is further amended as 
follows:
        (1) Section 1502(b) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``commercial items'' 
        and inserting ``commercial products or commercial services'';
            (B) in paragraph (1)(C)(i), by striking ``commercial item'' 
        and inserting ``commercial product or commercial service''; and
            (C) in paragraph (3)(A)(i), by striking ``commercial 
        items'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
        services''.
        (2) Section 1705(c) is amended by striking ``commercial items'' 
    and inserting ``commercial products and commercial services''.
        (3) Section 1708 is amended by striking ``commercial items'' in 
    subsections (c)(6) and (e)(3) and inserting ``commercial products 
    or commercial services''.
        (4) Section 1901 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``commercial items'' 
        and inserting ``commercial products or commercial services''; 
        and
            (B) in subsection (e)--
                (i) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the subsection 
            heading and inserting ``Commercial Products and Commercial 
            Services''; and
                (ii) by striking ``commercial items'' and inserting 
            ``commercial products or commercial services''.
        (5) Section 1903(c) is amended--
            (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Commercial 
        Item'' and inserting ``Commercial Product or Commercial 
        Service'';
            (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``as a commercial item'' 
        and inserting ``as a commercial product or a commercial 
        service''; and
            (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``for an item or service 
        treated as a commercial item'' and inserting ``for a product or 
        service treated as a commercial product or a commercial 
        service''.
        (6)(A) Section 1906 is amended by striking ``commercial items'' 
    each place it appears in subsections (b), (c), and (d) and 
    inserting ``commercial products or commercial services''.
        (B)(i) The heading of such section is amended to read as 
    follows:
``Sec. 1906. List of laws inapplicable to procurements of commercial 
    products and commercial services''.
        (ii) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 19 is 
    amended by striking the item relating to section 1906 and inserting 
    the following new item:

``1906. List of laws inapplicable to procurements of commercial products 
          and commercial services.''.

        (7) Section 3304 is amended by striking ``commercial item'' in 
    subsections (a)(5) and (e)(4)(B) and inserting ``commercial 
    product''.
        (8) Section 3305(a)(2) is amended by striking ``commercial 
    items'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
    services''.
        (9) Section 3306(b) is amended by striking ``commercial items'' 
    and inserting ``commercial products or commercial services''.
        (10)(A) Section 3307 is amended--
            (i) in subsection (a)--
                (I) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the subsection 
            heading and inserting ``Commercial Products and Commercial 
            Services'';
                (II) in paragraph (1), by striking ``commercial items'' 
            and inserting ``commercial products and commercial 
            services''; and
                (III) in paragraph (2), by striking ``a commercial 
            item'' and inserting ``a commercial product or commercial 
            service'';
            (ii) in subsection (b)--
                (I) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commercial items 
            or, to the extent that commercial items suitable to meet 
            the executive agency's needs are not available, 
            nondevelopmental items other than commercial items'' and 
            inserting ``commercial services or commercial products or, 
            to the extent that commercial products suitable to meet the 
            executive agency's needs are not available, 
            nondevelopmental items other than commercial products''; 
            and
                (II) in paragraph (3), by striking ``commercial items 
            and nondevelopmental items other than commercial items'' 
            and inserting ``commercial services, commercial products, 
            and nondevelopmental items other than commercial 
            products'';
            (iii) in subsection (c)--
                (I) in paragraphs (1) and (2), by striking ``commercial 
            items or nondevelopmental items other than commercial 
            items'' and inserting ``commercial services or commercial 
            products or nondevelopmental items other than commercial 
            products'';
                (II) in paragraphs (3) and (4), by striking 
            ``commercial items or, to the extent that commercial items 
            suitable to meet the executive agency's needs are not 
            available, nondevelopmental items other than commercial 
            items'' and inserting ``commercial services or commercial 
            products or, to the extent that commercial products 
            suitable to meet the executive agency's needs are not 
            available, nondevelopmental items other than commercial 
            products''; and
                (III) in paragraphs (5) and (6), by striking 
            ``commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial products 
            and commercial services'';
            (iv) in subsection (d)(2), by striking ``commercial items 
        or, to the extent that commercial items suitable to meet the 
        executive agency's needs are not available, nondevelopmental 
        items other than commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial 
        services or commercial products or, to the extent that 
        commercial products suitable to meet the executive agency's 
        needs are not available, nondevelopmental items other than 
        commercial products''; and
            (v) in subsection (e)--
                (I) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``103a, 104,'' after 
            ``sections 102, 103,'';
                (II) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``commercial 
            items'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
            services'';
                (III) in the first sentence of paragraph (2)(B), by 
            striking ``commercial end items'' and inserting ``end items 
            that are commercial products'';
                (IV) in paragraphs (2)(B)(i), (2)(C)(i) and (2)(D), by 
            striking ``commercial items or commercial components'' and 
            inserting ``commercial products, commercial components, or 
            commercial services'';
                (V) in paragraph (2)(C), in the matter preceding clause 
            (i), by striking ``commercial items'' and inserting 
            ``commercial products or commercial services'';
                (VI) in paragraph (4)(A), by striking ``commercial 
            items'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
            services'';
                (VII) in paragraph (4)(C)(i), by striking ``commercial 
            item, as described in section 103(5)'' and inserting 
            ``commercial product, as described in section 103a(1)''; 
            and
                (VIII) in paragraph (5), by striking ``items'' each 
            place it appears and inserting ``products''.
        (B)(i) The heading of such section is amended to read as 
    follows:
``Sec. 3307. Preference for commercial products and commercial 
    services''.
        (ii) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 33 is 
    amended by striking the item relating to section 3307 and inserting 
    the following new item:

``3307. Preference for commercial products and commercial services.''.

        (11) Section 3501 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)--
                (i) by striking paragraph (1);
                (ii) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as 
            paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively; and
                (iii) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), by 
            striking ``commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial 
            products or commercial services''; and
            (B) in subsection (b)--
                (i) by striking ``item'' in the heading for paragraph 
            (1); and
                (ii) by striking ``commercial items'' in paragraphs (1) 
            and (2)(A) and inserting ``commercial services''.
        (12) Section 3503 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``a commercial item'' 
        and inserting ``a commercial product or a commercial service''; 
        and
            (B) in subsection (b)--
                (i) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the subsection 
            heading and inserting ``Commercial Products or Commercial 
            Services''; and
                (ii) by striking ``a commercial item'' each place it 
            appears and inserting ``a commercial product or a 
            commercial service''.
        (13) Section 3505(b) is amended by striking ``commercial 
    items'' each place it appears and inserting ``commercial products 
    or commercial services''.
        (14) Section 3509(b) is amended by striking ``commercial 
    items'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
    services''.
        (15) Section 3704(c)(5) is amended by striking ``commercial 
    item'' and inserting ``commercial product''.
        (16) Section 3901(b)(3) is amended by striking ``commercial 
    items'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
    services''.
        (17) Section 4301(2) is amended by striking ``commercial 
    items'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
    services''.
        (18)(A) Section 4505 is amended by striking ``commercial 
    items'' in subsections (a) and (c) and inserting ``commercial 
    products or commercial services''.
        (B)(i) The heading of such section is amended to read as 
    follows:
``Sec. 4505. Payments for commercial products and commercial 
    services''.
        (ii) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 45 is 
    amended by striking the item relating to section 4505 and inserting 
    the following new item:

``4505. Payments for commercial products and commercial services.''.

        (19) Section 4704(d) is amended by striking ``commercial 
    items'' both places it appears and inserting ``commercial products 
    or commercial services''.
        (20) Sections 8102(a)(1), 8703(d)(2), and 8704(b) are amended 
    by striking ``commercial items (as defined in section 103 of this 
    title)'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial services 
    (as defined in sections 103 and 103a, respectively, of this 
    title)''.
    (c) Amendments to Chapter 137 of Title 10, United States Code.--
Chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is amended as follows:
        (1) Section 2302(3) is amended--
            (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (J), (K), and (L) as 
        subparagraphs (K), (L), and (M); and
            (B) by striking subparagraph (I) and inserting the 
        following new subparagraphs (I) and (J):
            ``(I) The term `commercial product'.
            ``(J) The term `commercial service'.''.
        (2) Section 2304 is amended--
            (A) in subsections (c)(5) and (f)(2)(B), by striking 
        ``brand-name commercial item'' and inserting ``brand-name 
        commercial product'';
            (B) in subsection (g)(1)(B), by striking ``commercial 
        items'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
        services''; and
            (C) in subsection (i)(3), by striking ``commercial items'' 
        and inserting ``commercial products''.
        (3) Section 2305 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``commercial items'' 
        and inserting ``commercial products or commercial services''; 
        and
            (B) in subsection (b)(5)(B)(v), by striking ``commercial 
        item'' and inserting ``commercial product''.
        (4) Section 2306(b) is amended by striking ``commercial items'' 
    and inserting ``commercial products or commercial services''.
        (5) Section 2306a is amended--
            (A) in subsection (b)--
                (i) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``a commercial 
            item'' and inserting ``a commercial product or a commercial 
            service'';
                (ii) in paragraph (2)--

                    (I) by striking ``Commercial items'' in the 
                paragraph heading and inserting ``Commercial products 
                or commercial services''; and
                    (II) by striking ``commercial item'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``commercial product or 
                commercial services'';

                (iii) in paragraph (3)--

                    (I) by striking ``Commercial items'' in the 
                paragraph heading and inserting ``Commercial 
                products''; and
                    (II) by striking ``item'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``product''; and

                (iv) in paragraph (4)--

                    (I) by striking ``Commercial item'' in the 
                paragraph heading and inserting ``Commercial product or 
                commercial service'';
                    (II) by striking ``commercial item'' in 
                subparagraph (A) after ``applying the'';
                    (III) by striking ``prior commercial item 
                determination'' in subparagraph (A) and inserting 
                ``prior commercial product or commercial service 
                determination'';
                    (IV) by striking ``of such item'' in subparagraph 
                (A) and inserting ``of such product or service'';
                    (V) by striking ``of an item previously determined 
                to be a commercial item'' in subparagraph (B) and 
                inserting ``of a product or service previously 
                determined to be a commercial product or a commercial 
                service'';
                    (VI) by striking ``of a commercial item,'' in 
                subparagraph (B) and inserting ``of a commercial 
                product or a commercial service, as the case may be,'';
                    (VII) by striking ``the commercial item 
                determination'' in subparagraph (B) and inserting ``the 
                commercial product or commercial service 
                determination''; and
                    (VIII) by striking ``commercial item'' in 
                subparagraph (C); and

                (v) in paragraph (5), by striking ``commercial items'' 
            and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
            services'';
            (B) in subsection (d)(2), by striking ``commercial items'' 
        each place it appears and inserting ``commercial products or 
        commercial services''; and
            (C) in subsection (h)--
                (i) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commercial items'' 
            and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
            services''; and
                (ii) by striking paragraph (3).
        (6) Section 2307(f) is amended--
            (A) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the subsection 
        heading and inserting ``Commercial Products and Commercial 
        Services''; and
            (B) by striking ``commercial items'' in paragraphs (1) and 
        (2) and inserting ``commercial products and commercial 
        services''.
        (7) Section 2320(b) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``a commercial item, the 
        item'' and inserting ``a commercial product, the product''; and
            (B) in paragraph (9)(A), by striking ``any noncommercial 
        item or process'' and inserting ``any noncommercial product or 
        process''.
        (8) Section 2321(f) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by striking ``commercial items'' and inserting 
            ``commercial products''; and
                (ii) by striking ``the item'' both places it appears 
            and inserting ``commercial products''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2)(A), in clauses (i) and (ii), by 
        striking ``commercial item'' and inserting ``commercial 
        product''.
        (9) Section 2324(l)(1)(A) is amended by striking ``commercial 
    items'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
    services''.
        (10) Section 2335(b) is amended by striking ``commercial 
    items'' and inserting ``commercial products and commercial 
    services''.
    (d) Amendments to Chapter 140 of Title 10, United States Code.--
Chapter 140 of title 10, United States Code, is amended as follows:
        (1) Section 2375 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``commercial item'' in 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting ``commercial product or 
        commercial service'';
            (B) in subsections (b) and (c)--
                (i) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the subsection 
            heading and inserting ``Commercial Products and Commercial 
            Services''; and
                (ii) by striking ``commercial items'' each place it 
            appears and inserting ``commercial products and commercial 
            services''; and
            (C) in subsection (e)(3), by striking ``commercial items'' 
        and inserting ``commercial products and commercial services''.
        (2) Section 2376(1) is amended--
            (A) by striking ``terms `commercial item','' and inserting 
        ``terms `commercial product', `commercial service',''; and
            (B) by striking ``chapter 1 of title 41'' and inserting 
        ``sections 103, 103a, 110, 105, and 102, respectively, of title 
        41''.
        (3) Section 2377 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)--
                (i) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commercial items 
            or, to the extent that commercial items suitable to meet 
            the agency's needs are not available, nondevelopmental 
            items other than commercial items'' and inserting 
            ``commercial services or commercial products or, to the 
            extent that commercial products suitable to meet the 
            agency's needs are not available, nondevelopmental items 
            other than commercial products''; and
                (ii) in paragraph (3), by striking ``commercial items 
            and nondevelopmental items other than commercial items'' 
            and inserting ``commercial services, commercial products, 
            and nondevelopmental items other than commercial 
            products'';
            (B) in subsection (b)--
                (i) in paragraphs (1) and (2), by striking ``commercial 
            items or nondevelopmental items other than commercial 
            items'' and inserting ``commercial services, commercial 
            products, or nondevelopmental items other than commercial 
            products'';
                (ii) in paragraphs (3) and (4), by striking 
            ``commercial items or, to the extent that commercial items 
            suitable to meet the agency's needs are not available, 
            nondevelopmental items other than commercial items'' and 
            inserting ``commercial services or commercial products or, 
            to the extent that commercial products suitable to meet the 
            agency's needs are not available, nondevelopmental items 
            other than commercial products''; and
                (iii) in paragraphs (5) and (6), by striking 
            ``commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial products 
            and commercial services'';
            (C) in subsection (c)--
                (i) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commercial items 
            or, to the extent that commercial items suitable to meet 
            the agency's needs are not available, nondevelopmental 
            items other than commercial items'' and inserting 
            ``commercial services or commercial products or, to the 
            extent that commercial products suitable to meet the 
            agency's needs are not available, nondevelopmental items 
            other than commercial products''; and
                (ii) in paragraph (4), by striking ``items other than 
            commercial items'' and inserting ``products other than 
            commercial products or services other than commercial 
            services'';
            (D) in subsection (d)--
                (i) in the first sentence, by striking ``commercial 
            items'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
            services'';
                (ii) in paragraph (1), by striking ``items'' and 
            inserting ``products or services''; and
                (iii) in paragraph (2), by striking ``items'' and 
            inserting ``products or services''; and
            (E) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``commercial items'' 
        and inserting ``commercial products and commercial services''.
        (4) Section 2379 is amended--
            (A) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the headings of 
        subsections (b) and (c) and inserting ``Commercial Products'';
            (B) in subsections (a)(1)(A), (b)(2), and (c)(1)(B), by 
        striking ``, as defined in section 103 of title 41''; and
            (C) by striking ``commercial item'' and ``commercial 
        items'' each place they appear and inserting ``commercial 
        product'' and ``commercial products'', respectively.
        (5) Section 2380 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``commercial item 
        determinations'' in paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting 
        ``commercial product and commercial service determinations''; 
        and
            (B) in subsection (b) (as added by section 848 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018)--
                (i) by striking ``Item'' in the subsection heading;
                (ii) by striking ``an item'' each place it appears and 
            inserting ``a product or service'';
                (iii) by striking ``item'' after ``using commercial'' 
            each place it appears;
                (iv) by striking ``prior commercial item 
            determination'' and inserting ``prior commercial product or 
            service determination'';
                (v) by striking ``such item'' and inserting ``such 
            product or service''; and
                (vi) by striking ``the item'' both places it appears 
            and inserting ``the product or service''.
        (6) Section 2380a is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)--
                (i) by striking ``items and'' and inserting ``products 
            and''; and
                (ii) by striking ``commercial items'' and inserting 
            ``commercial products and commercial services, 
            respectively,''; and
            (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``commercial items'' and 
        inserting ``commercial services''.
        (7) Section 2380B is amended by striking ``commercial item'' 
    and inserting ``commercial product''.
        (8) Amendments to headings, etc.--
            (A) The heading of such chapter is amended to read as 
        follows:

   ``CHAPTER 140--PROCUREMENT OF COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS AND COMMERCIAL 
                              SERVICES''.

            (B) The heading of section 2375 is amended to read as 
        follows:
``Sec. 2375. Relationship of other provisions of law to procurement of 
    commercial products and commercial services''.
            (C) The heading of section 2377 is amended to read as 
        follows:
``Sec. 2377. Preference for commercial products and commercial 
    services''.
            (D) The heading of section 2379 is amended to read as 
        follows:
``Sec. 2379. Procurement of a major weapon system as a commercial 
    product: requirement for prior determination by Secretary of 
    Defense and notification to Congress''.
            (E) The heading of section 2380 is amended to read as 
        follows:
``Sec. 2380. Commercial product and commercial service determinations 
    by Department of Defense''.
            (F) The heading of section 2380a is amended to read as 
        follows:
``Sec. 2380a. Treatment of certain products and services as commercial 
     products and commercial services''.
            (G) Section 2380B is redesignated as section 2380b and the 
        heading of that section is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 2380b. Treatment of commingled items purchased by contractors as 
     commercial products''.
            (H) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter 
        is amended to read as follows:

``2375. Relationship of other provisions of law to procurement of 
          commercial products and commercial services.
``2376. Definitions.
``2377. Preference for commercial products and commercial services.
``2379. Procurement of a major weapon system as a commercial product: 
          requirement for prior determination by Secretary of Defense 
          and notification to Congress.
``2380. Commercial product and commercial service determinations by 
          Department of Defense.
``2380a. Treatment of certain products and services as commercial 
          products and commercial services.
``2380b. Treatment of commingled items purchased by contractors as 
          commercial products.''.

    (e) Other Amendments to Title 10, United States Code.--Title 10, 
United States Code, is further amended as follows:
        (1) Section 2226(b) is amended by striking ``for services'' and 
    all that follows through ``deliverable items'' and inserting ``for 
    services or deliverable items''.
        (2) Section 2384(b)(2) is amended by striking ``commercial 
    items'' and inserting ``commercial products''.
        (3) Section 2393(d) is amended by striking ``commercial items 
    (as defined in section 103 of title 41)'' and inserting 
    ``commercial products or commercial services (as defined in 
    sections 103 and 103a, respectively, of title 41)''.
        (4) Section 2402(d) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``commercial items'' both 
        places it appears and inserting ``commercial products or 
        commercial services''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``the term'' and all that 
        follows and inserting ``the terms `commercial product' and 
        `commercial service' have the meanings given those terms in 
        sections 103 and 103a, respectively, of title 41.''.
        (5) Section 2408(a)(4)(B) is amended by striking ``commercial 
    items (as defined in section 103 of title 41)'' and inserting 
    ``commercial products or commercial services (as defined in 
    sections 103 and 103a, respectively, of title 41)''.
        (6) Section 2410b(c) is amended by striking ``commercial 
    items'' and inserting ``commercial products''.
        (7) Section 2410g(d)(1) is amended by striking ``Commercial 
    items (as defined in section 103 of title 41)'' and inserting 
    ``Commercial products or commercial services (as defined in 
    sections 103 and 103a, respectively, of title 41)''.
        (8) Section 2447a is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``commercial items 
        and technologies'' and inserting ``commercial products and 
        technologies''; and
            (B) in subsection (c), by inserting before the period at 
        the end the following: ``and the term `commercial product' has 
        the meaning given that term in section 103 of title 41''.
        (9) Section 2451(d) is amended by striking ``commercial items'' 
    and inserting ``commercial products (as defined in section 103 of 
    title 41)''.
        (10) Section 2464 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)--
                (i) in paragraph (3), by striking ``commercial items'' 
            and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
            services''; and
                (ii) in paragraph (5), by striking ``The commercial 
            items covered by paragraph (3) are commercial items'' and 
            inserting ``The commercial products or commercial services 
            covered by paragraph (3) are commercial products (as 
            defined in section 103 of title 41) or commercial services 
            (as defined in section 103a of such title)''; and
            (B) in subsection (c)--
                (i) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the subsection 
            heading and inserting ``Commercial Products or Commercial 
            Services''; and
                (ii) by striking ``commercial item'' and inserting 
            ``commercial product or commercial service''.
        (11) Section 2484(f) is amended--
            (A) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the subsection 
        heading and inserting ``Commercial Products''; and
            (B) by striking ``commercial item'' and inserting 
        ``commercial product''.
        (12) The items relating to chapter 140 in the tables of 
    chapters at the beginning of subtitle A, and at the beginning of 
    part IV of subtitle A, are amended to read as follows:

``140. Procurement of Commercial Products and Commercial Services2377''.

    (f) Amendments to Provisions of National Defense Authorization 
Acts.--
        (1) Section 806(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-190; 10 U.S.C. 2302 
    note) is amended by striking ``commercial items (as defined in 
    section 103 of title 41, United States Code)'' and inserting 
    ``commercial products or commercial services (as defined in 
    sections 103 and 103a, respectively, of title 41, United States 
    Code)''.
        (2) Section 821(e) of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (as enacted into law by 
    Public Law 106-398; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
            (A) by striking paragraph (2); and
            (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2).
        (3) Section 821(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 2304 note) is 
    amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``a commercial item'' and 
        inserting ``a commercial product or a commercial service'';
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commercial item'' and 
        inserting ``commercial product''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) The term `commercial service' has the meaning provided by 
    section 103a of title 41, United States Code.''.
        (4) Section 817(d) of the Bob Stump National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 10 
    U.S.C. 2306a note) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``commercial item 
        exceptions'' and inserting ``commercial product-commercial 
        service exceptions''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commercial item 
        exception'' and inserting ``commercial product-commercial 
        service exception'';
        (5) Section 852(b)(2)(A)(ii) of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 
    U.S.C. 2324 note) is amended by striking ``a commercial item, as 
    defined in section 103 of title 41'' and inserting ``a commercial 
    product or a commercial service, as defined in sections 103 and 
    103a, respectively, of title 41''.
        (6) Section 805 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 2330 note) is 
    amended--
            (A) in subsection (b), by striking ``commercial items'' in 
        paragraphs (1) and (2)(A) and inserting ``commercial 
        services''; and
            (B) in subsection (c)--
                (i) by striking ``item'' in the headings for paragraphs 
            (1) and (2) and inserting ``services'';
                (ii) in the matter in paragraph (1) preceding 
            subparagraph (A), by striking ``commercial item'' and 
            inserting ``commercial service'';
                (iii) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``a commercial 
            item, as described in section 103(5) of title 41'' and 
            inserting ``a service, as described in section 103a(1) of 
            title 41'';
                (iv) in paragraph (1)(C)(i), by striking ``section 
            103(6) of title 41'' and inserting ``section 103a(2) of 
            title 41''; and
                (v) in paragraph (2), by striking ``item'' and 
            inserting ``service''.
        (7) Section 849(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2377 note) is 
    amended--
            (A) by striking ``commercial items'' in paragraph (1) and 
        inserting ``commercial products'';
            (B) by striking ``commercial item'' in paragraph (3)(B)(i) 
        and inserting ``commercial product''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(5) Definition.--In this subsection, the term `commercial 
    product' has the meaning given that term in section 103 of title 
    41.''.
        (8) Section 856(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2377 note) is 
    amended by striking ``commercial items or services'' and inserting 
    ``a commercial product or a commercial service, as defined in 
    sections 103 and 103a, respectively, of title 41,''.
        (9) Section 879 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is 
    amended--
            (A) in the section heading, by striking ``commercial 
        items'' and inserting ``commercial products'';
            (B) in subsection (a), by striking ``commercial items'' and 
        inserting ``commercial products'';
            (C) in subsection (c)(3)--
                (i) by striking ``Commercial items'' in the paragraph 
            heading and inserting ``Commercial products or commercial 
            services''; and
                (ii) by striking ``commercial items'' and inserting 
            ``commercial products or commercial services''; and
            (D) in subsection (e)(2), by striking ``item'' in 
        subparagraphs (A) and (B) and inserting ``products''.
        (10) Section 880 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 41 U.S.C. 3301 note) is 
    amended by striking ``commercial items'' in subsection (a)(1) and 
    inserting ``commercial products''.
    (g) Conforming Amendments to Other Statutes.--
        (1) Section 604(g) of the American Recovery and Reinvestment 
    Act of 2009 (6 U.S.C. 453b(g)) is amended--
            (A) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the subsection 
        heading and inserting ``Commercial Products'';
            (B) by striking ``procurement of commercial'' in the first 
        sentence and all that follows through ``items listed'' and 
        inserting ``procurement of commercial products notwithstanding 
        section 1906 of title 41, United States Code, with the 
        exception of commercial products listed''; and
            (C) in the second sentence--
                (i) by inserting ``product'' after ``commercial''; and
                (ii) by striking ``in the'' and all that follows and 
            inserting ``in section 103 of title 41, United States 
            Code.''.
        (2) Section 142 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
    1018a) is amended--
            (A) in subsection (e)--
                (i) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the subsection 
            heading and inserting ``Commercial Products and Commercial 
            Services'';
                (ii) by striking ``that commercial items'' and 
            inserting ``that commercial products or commercial 
            services'';
                (iii) by striking ``special rules for commercial 
            items'' and inserting ``special rules for commercial 
            products and commercial services'';
                (iv) by striking ``without regard to--'' and all that 
            follows through ``dollar limitation'' and inserting 
            ``without regard to any dollar limitation'';
                (v) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a period; and
                (vi) by striking paragraph (2);
            (B) in subsection (f)--
                (i) by striking ``Items'' in the subsection heading and 
            inserting ``Products and Services'';
                (ii) by striking ``Items'' in the heading of paragraph 
            (2) and inserting ``Products and services''; and
                (iii) by striking ``a commercial item'' in paragraph 
            (2) and inserting ``a commercial product or a commercial 
            service'';
            (C) in subsection (h)--
                (i) by striking ``Items'' in the subsection heading and 
            inserting ``Services''; and
                (ii) by striking ``commercial items'' in paragraph (1) 
            and inserting ``commercial services''; and
            (D) in subsection (l)--
                (i) by redesignating paragraphs (2), (3), (4), and (5) 
            as paragraphs (3), (4), (5), and (6), respectively;
                (ii) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
            following new paragraphs:
        ``(1) Commercial product.--The term `commercial product' has 
    the meaning given the term in section 103 of title 41, United 
    States Code.
        ``(2) Commercial service.--The term `commercial service' has 
    the meaning given the term in section 103a of title 41, United 
    States Code.'';
                (iii) in paragraph (3), as so redesignated, by striking 
            ``in section'' and all that follows and inserting ``in 
            section 152 of title 41, United States Code.'';
                (iv) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated--

                    (I) by striking ``Commercial items'' in the 
                paragraph heading and inserting ``Commercial products 
                and commercial services'';
                    (II) by striking ``commercial items'' and inserting 
                ``commercial products and commercial services''; and
                    (III) by striking ``pursuant to'' and all that 
                follows and inserting ``pursuant to sections 1901 and 
                3305(a) of title 41, United States Code.''; and

                (v) in paragraph (6), as so redesignated, by striking 
            ``pursuant to'' and all that follows and inserting 
            ``pursuant to sections 1901(a)(1) and 3305(a)(1) of title 
            41, United States Code.''.
        (3) Section 3901(a)(4)(A)(ii)(II) of title 31, United States 
    Code, is amended by striking ``commercial item'' and inserting 
    ``commercial product''.
        (4) Section 2455(c)(1) of the Federal Acquisition Streamlining 
    Act of 1994 (31 U.S.C. 6101 note) is amended by striking 
    ``commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial products''.
        (5) Section 508(f) of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act 
    (33 U.S.C. 1368(f)) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``commercial items'' and 
        inserting ``commercial products or commercial services''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``the term'' and all that 
        follows and inserting ``the terms `commercial product' and 
        `commercial service' have the meanings given those terms in 
        sections 103 and 103a, respectively, of title 41, United States 
        Code.''.
        (6) Section 3707 of title 40, United States Code, is amended by 
    striking ``a commercial item (as defined in section 103 of title 
    41)'' and inserting ``a commercial product (as defined in section 
    103 of title 41) or a commercial service (as defined in section 
    103a of title 41)''.
        (7) Subtitle III of title 40, United States Code, is amended--
            (A) in section 11101(1), by striking ``Commercial item.--
        The term `commercial item' has'' and inserting ``Commercial 
        product.--The term `commercial product' has''; and
            (B) in section 11314(a)(3), by striking ``items'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``products''.
        (8) Section 8301(g) of the Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act 
    of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 7606 note) is amended by striking ``commercial 
    items'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
    services''.
        (9) Section 40118(f) of title 49, United States Code, is 
    amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``commercial items'' and 
        inserting ``commercial products''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commercial item'' and 
        inserting ``commercial product''.
        (10) Chapter 501 of title 51, United States Code, is amended--
            (A) in section 50113(c)--
                (i) by striking ``Commercial Item'' in the subsection 
            heading and inserting ``Commercial Product or Commercial 
            Service''; and
                (ii) by striking ``commercial item'' in the second 
            sentence and inserting ``commercial product or commercial 
            service''; and
            (B) in section 50115(b)--
                (i) by striking ``Commercial Item'' in the subsection 
            heading and inserting ``Commercial Product or Commercial 
            Service''; and
                (ii) by striking ``commercial item'' in the second 
            sentence and inserting ``commercial product or commercial 
            service''; and
            (C) in section 50132(a)--
                (i) by striking ``Commercial Item'' in the subsection 
            heading and inserting ``Commercial Service''; and
                (ii) by striking ``commercial item'' in the second 
            sentence and inserting ``commercial service''.
    (h) Effective Date and Savings Provision.--The amendments made by 
subsections (a) through (g) shall take effect on January 1, 2020. Any 
provision of law that on the day before such effective date is on a 
list of provisions of law included in the Federal Acquisition 
Regulation pursuant to section 1907 of title 41, United States Code, 
shall be deemed as of that effective date to be on a list of provisions 
of law included in the Federal Acquisition Regulation pursuant to 
section 1906 of such title.
    (i) Implementation Plan Required.--Not later than April 1, 2019, 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, in 
coordination with members of the Defense Business Board, the Defense 
Science Board, and the Defense Innovation Board as appropriate, shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives an implementation plan that contains the following 
elements:
        (1) An implementation timeline and schedule, to include 
    substantive, technical, and conforming changes to the law that the 
    Under Secretary deems appropriate and necessary, to include 
    revising definitions or categories of items, products, and 
    services.
        (2) A review of recommendations by the independent panel 
    created under section 809 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 889) pertaining 
    to commercial items.
        (3) A review of commercial item provisions from the National 
    Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92), 
    the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public 
    Law 114-328), the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
    Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91), and other relevant legislation.
        (4) An analysis of the extent to which the Department of 
    Defense should treat commercial service contracts and commercial 
    products in a similar manner.
        (5) Such other matters with respect to commercial item 
    procurement as the Under Secretary considers appropriate.
    SEC. 837. LIMITATION ON APPLICABILITY TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
      COMMERCIAL CONTRACTS OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS OF LAW.
    (a) Section 2375.--Section 2375(b)(2) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``January 1, 2015'' and inserting 
``October 13, 1994''.
    (b) Section 2533a.--Section 2533a(i) of such title is amended--
        (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Items'' and 
    inserting ``Products''; and
        (2) by striking ``commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial 
    products''.
    (c) Section 2533b.--Section 2533b(h) of such title is amended--
        (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Items'' and 
    inserting ``Products''; and
        (2) by striking ``commercial items'' each place it appears and 
    inserting ``commercial products''.
    SEC. 838. MODIFICATIONS TO PROCUREMENT THROUGH COMMERCIAL E-
      COMMERCE PORTALS.
    (a) In General.--Section 846 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 41 U.S.C. 1901 note) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (f), by adding at the end the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(5) A procurement of a product made through a commercial e-
    commerce portal under the program established pursuant to 
    subsection (a) is deemed to satisfy requirements for full and open 
    competition pursuant to section 2304 of title 10, United States 
    Code, and section 3301 of title 41, United States Code, if--
            ``(A) there are offers from two or more suppliers of such a 
        product or similar product with substantially the same 
        physical, functional, or performance characteristics on the 
        online marketplace; and
            ``(B) the Administrator establishes procedures to implement 
        subparagraph (A) and notifies Congress at least 30 days before 
        implementing such procedures.''; and
        (2) in subsection (h), by striking paragraph (3) and inserting 
    the following:
        ``(3) agree not to use, for pricing, marketing, competitive, or 
    other purposes, any information, including any Government-owned 
    data, such as purchasing trends or spending habits, related to a 
    product from a third-party supplier featured on the commercial e-
    commerce portal or the transaction of such product, except as 
    necessary to comply with the requirements of the program 
    established in subsection (a).''.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) the implementation of any e-commerce portal under such 
    section 846 to procure commercial products will be done in a manner 
    that will enhance competition, expedite procurement, and ensure 
    reasonable pricing of commercial products;
        (2) the implementation of the e-commerce portal will be 
    completed with multiple contracts with multiple commercial e-
    commerce portal providers; and
        (3) the Administrator of the General Services Administration 
    should require any e-commerce portal provider to take the necessary 
    precautions to safeguard data of all other e-commerce portal 
    providers and any third-party suppliers.
    SEC. 839. REVIEW OF FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATIONS ON COMMERCIAL 
      PRODUCTS, COMMERCIAL SERVICES, AND COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE OFF-
      THE-SHELF ITEMS.
    (a) Review of Determinations Not to Exempt Contracts for Commercial 
Products, Commercial Services, and Commercially Available Off-the-shelf 
Items From Certain Laws and Regulations.--Not later than one year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Federal Acquisition 
Regulatory Council shall--
        (1) review each determination of the Federal Acquisition 
    Regulatory Council pursuant to section 1906(b)(2), section 
    1906(c)(3), or section 1907(a)(2) of title 41, United States Code, 
    not to exempt contracts or subcontracts from laws which such 
    contracts and subcontracts would otherwise be exempt from under 
    section 1906(d) of title 41, United States Code; and
        (2) propose revisions to the Federal Acquisition Regulation to 
    provide an exemption from each law subject to such determination 
    unless the Council determines that there is a specific reason not 
    to provide the exemptions pursuant to section 1906 of such title or 
    the Administrator for Federal Procurement Policy determines there 
    is a specific reason not to provide the exemption pursuant to 
    section 1907 of such title.
    (b) Review of Certain Contract Clause Requirements Applicable to 
Commercial Products and Commercial Services Contracts.--Not later than 
one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Federal 
Acquisition Regulatory Council shall--
        (1) review the Federal Acquisition Regulation to assess all 
    regulations that require a specific contract clause for a contract 
    using commercial product or commercial services acquisition 
    procedures under part 12 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation, 
    except for regulations required by law or Executive order; and
        (2) propose revisions to the Federal Acquisition Regulation to 
    eliminate regulations reviewed under paragraph (1) unless the 
    Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council determines on a case-by-case 
    basis that there is a specific reason not to eliminate the 
    regulation.
    (c) Elimination of Certain Contract Clause Regulations Applicable 
to Commercially Available Off-the-shelf Item Subcontracts.--Not later 
than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Federal 
Acquisition Regulatory Council shall--
        (1) review the Federal Acquisition Regulation to assess all 
    regulations that require a prime contractor to include a specific 
    contract clause in a subcontract for commercially available off-
    the-shelf items unless the inclusion of such clause is required by 
    law or Executive order; and
        (2) propose revisions to the Federal Acquisition Regulation to 
    eliminate regulations reviewed under paragraph (1) unless the 
    Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council determines on a case-by-case 
    basis that there is a specific reason not to eliminate the 
    regulation.
    (d) Report to Congress.--
        (1) Requirement.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council 
    shall submit to the committees listed in paragraph (2) a report on 
    the results of the reviews under this section.
        (2) Committees listed.--The committees listed in this paragraph 
    are the following:
            (A) The Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate.
            (B) The Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
        Representatives.

                  Subtitle E--Industrial Base Matters

    SEC. 841. REPORT ON LIMITED SOURCING OF SPECIFIC COMPONENTS FOR 
      NAVAL VESSELS.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary 
of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report that provides, for the components described in subsection (b), a 
market survey, a cost assessment, national security considerations, and 
a recommendation regarding whether competition for the procurement of 
the components should be limited to sources in the national technology 
and industrial base (as defined in section 2500 of title 10, United 
States Code).
    (b) Components.--The components described in this subsection are 
the following:
        (1) Naval vessel components listed in section 2534(a)(3) of 
    title 10, United States Code.
        (2) The following components for auxiliary ships:
            (A) Auxiliary equipment, including pumps.
            (B) Propulsion system components, including engines, 
        reduction gears, and propellers.
            (C) Shipboard cranes.
            (D) Spreaders for shipboard cranes.
    SEC. 842. REMOVAL OF NATIONAL INTEREST DETERMINATION REQUIREMENTS 
      FOR CERTAIN ENTITIES.
    (a) In General.--Effective October 1, 2020, a covered NTIB entity 
operating under a special security agreement pursuant to the National 
Industrial Security Program shall not be required to obtain a national 
interest determination as a condition for access to proscribed 
information.
    (b) Acceleration Authorized.--Notwithstanding the effective date of 
this section, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
Director of the Information Security Oversight Office, may waive the 
requirement to obtain a national interest determination for a covered 
NTIB entity operating under such a special security agreement that 
has--
        (1) a demonstrated successful record of compliance with the 
    National Industrial Security Program; and
        (2) previously been approved for access to proscribed 
    information.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Covered ntib entity.--The term ``covered NTIB entity'' 
    means a person that is a subsidiary located in the United States--
            (A) for which the ultimate parent company and any 
        intermediate parent companies of such subsidiary are located in 
        a country that is part of the national technology and 
        industrial base (as defined in section 2500 of title 10, United 
        States Code); and
            (B) that is subject to the foreign ownership, control, or 
        influence requirements of the National Industrial Security 
        Program.
        (2) Proscribed information.--The term ``proscribed 
    information'' means information that is--
            (A) classified at the level of top secret;
            (B) communications security information (excluding 
        controlled cryptographic items when un-keyed or utilized with 
        unclassified keys);
            (C) restricted data (as defined in section 11 of the Atomic 
        Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2014));
            (D) special access program information under section 4.3 of 
        Executive Order No. 13526 (75 Fed. Reg. 707; 50 U.S.C. 3161 
        note) or successor order; or
            (E) designated as sensitive compartmented information.
    SEC. 843. PILOT PROGRAM TO TEST MACHINE-VISION TECHNOLOGIES TO 
      DETERMINE THE AUTHENTICITY AND SECURITY OF MICROELECTRONIC PARTS 
      IN WEAPON SYSTEMS.
    (a) Pilot Program Authorized.--The Undersecretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering, in coordination with the Defense 
Microelectronics Activity, shall establish a pilot program to test the 
feasibility and reliability of using machine-vision technologies to 
determine the authenticity and security of microelectronic parts in 
weapon systems.
    (b) Objectives of Pilot Program.--The Undersecretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering, in coordination with the Defense 
Microelectronics Activity, shall design any pilot program conducted 
under this section to determine the following:
        (1) The effectiveness and technology readiness level of 
    machine-vision technologies to determine the authenticity of 
    microelectronic parts at the time of the creation of such part 
    through final insertion of such part into weapon systems.
        (2) The best method of incorporating machine-vision 
    technologies into the process of developing, transporting, and 
    inserting microelectronics into weapon systems.
        (3) The rules, regulations, or processes that hinder the 
    development and incorporation of machine-vision technologies, and 
    the application of such rules, regulations, or processes to 
    mitigate counterfeit microelectronics proliferation throughout the 
    Department of Defense.
    (c) Consultation.--To develop the pilot program under this section, 
the Undersecretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, in 
coordination with the Defense Microelectronics Activity, may consult 
with the following entities:
        (1) Manufacturers of semiconductors or electronics.
        (2) Industry associations relating to semiconductors or 
    electronics.
        (3) Original equipment manufacturers of products for the 
    Department of Defense.
        (4) Nontraditional defense contractors (as defined in section 
    2302(9) of title 10, United States Code) that are machine vision 
    companies.
        (5) Federal laboratories (as defined in section 2500(5) of 
    title 10, United States Code).
        (6) Other elements of the Department of Defense that fall under 
    the authority of the Undersecretary of Defense for Research and 
    Engineering.
    (d) Commencement and Duration.--The pilot program established under 
this section shall be established not later than April 1, 2019, and all 
activities under such pilot program shall terminate not later than 
December 31, 2020.
    SEC. 844. LIMITATION ON CERTAIN PROCUREMENTS APPLICATION PROCESS.
    (a) In General.--Section 2534 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(k) Limitation on Certain Procurements Application Process.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall administer a 
    process to analyze and assess potential items for consideration to 
    be required to be procured from a manufacturer that is part of the 
    national technology and industrial base.
        ``(2) Elements.--The application process required under 
    paragraph (1) shall include the following elements:
            ``(A) The Secretary shall designate an official within the 
        Office of the Secretary of Defense responsible for 
        administration of the limitation on certain procurements 
        application process and associated policy.
            ``(B) A person or organization that meets the definition of 
        national technology and industrial base under section 2500(1) 
        of this title shall have the opportunity to apply for status as 
        an item required to be procured from a manufacturer that is 
        part of the national technology and industrial base. The 
        application shall include, at a minimum, the following 
        information:
                ``(i) Information demonstrating the applicant meets the 
            criteria of a manufacturer in the national technology and 
            industrial base under section 2500(1) of this title.
                ``(ii) For each item the applicant seeks to be required 
            to be procured from a manufacturer that is part of the 
            national technology and industrial base, the applicant 
            shall include the following information:

                    ``(I) The extent to which such item has commercial 
                applications.
                    ``(II) The number of such items to be procured by 
                current programs of record.
                    ``(III) The criticality of such item to a military 
                unit's mission accomplishment.
                    ``(IV) The estimated cost and other considerations 
                of reconstituting the manufacturing capability of such 
                item, if not maintained in the national technology and 
                industrial base.
                    ``(V) National security regulations or restrictions 
                imposed on such item that may not be imposed on a non-
                national technology and industrial base competitor.
                    ``(VI) Non-national security-related Federal, 
                State, and local government regulations imposed on such 
                item that may not be imposed on a non-national 
                technology and industrial base competitor.
                    ``(VII) The extent to which such item is fielded in 
                current programs of record.
                    ``(VIII) The extent to which cost and pricing data 
                for such item has been deemed fair and reasonable.

        ``(3) Consideration of applications.--
            ``(A) Responsibility of designated official.--The official 
        designated pursuant to paragraph (2)(A) shall be responsible 
        for providing complete applications submitted pursuant to this 
        subsection to the appropriate component acquisition executive 
        for consideration not later than 15 days after receipt of such 
        application.
            ``(B) Review.--Not later than 120 days after receiving a 
        complete application, the component acquisition executive shall 
        review such application, make a determination, and return the 
        application to the official designated pursuant to paragraph 
        (2)(A).
            ``(C) Elements of determination.--The determination 
        required under subparagraph (B) shall, for each item proposed 
        pursuant to paragraph (2)(B)(ii)--
                ``(i) recommend inclusion under this section;
                ``(ii) recommend inclusion under this section with 
            further modifications; or
                ``(iii) not recommend inclusion under this section.
            ``(D) Justification.--The determination required under 
        subparagraph (B) shall also include the rationale and 
        justification for the determination.
        ``(4) Recommendations for legislation.--For applications 
    recommended under subsection (3), the official designated pursuant 
    to paragraph (2)(A) shall be responsible for preparing a 
    legislative proposal for consideration by the Secretary.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--This section and the amendments made by this 
section shall take effect one year after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.
    SEC. 845. REPORT ON DEFENSE ELECTRONICS INDUSTRIAL BASE.
    (a) In General.--Not later than January 31, 2019, the Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Executive Agent for Printed Circuit 
Board and Interconnect Technology and the Director of the Office of 
Management and Budget, shall submit to Congress a report examining the 
health of the defense electronics industrial base, including analog and 
passive electronic parts, substrates, printed boards, assemblies, 
connectors, cabling, and related areas, both domestically and within 
the national technology and industrial base.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
        (1) An examination of current and planned partnerships with the 
    commercial industry.
        (2) Analysis of the current and future defense electronics 
    industrial base.
        (3) Threat assessment related to system security.
        (4) An assessment of the health of the engineering and 
    production workforce.
        (5) A description of the electronics supply chain requirements 
    of defense systems integral to meeting the goals of the 2018 
    National Defense Strategy.
        (6) Recommended actions to address areas deemed deficient or 
    vulnerable, and a plan to formalize long-term resourcing for the 
    Executive Agent.
        (7) Any other areas matters determined relevant by the 
    Secretary.
    SEC. 846. SUPPORT FOR DEFENSE MANUFACTURING COMMUNITIES TO SUPPORT 
      THE DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE.
    (a) Program Authorized.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may, in coordination 
    with the Secretary of Commerce and working in coordination with the 
    defense manufacturing institutes, establish within the Department 
    of Defense a program to make long-term investments in critical 
    skills, facilities, research and development, and small business 
    support in order to strengthen the national security innovation 
    base by designating and supporting consortiums as defense 
    manufacturing communities.
        (2) Designation.--The program authorized by this section shall 
    be known as the ``Defense Manufacturing Community Support Program'' 
    (in this section referred to as the ``Program'').
    (b) Designation of Defense Manufacturing Communities Complementary 
to Defense Manufacturing Institutes.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may designate 
    eligible consortiums as defense manufacturing communities through a 
    competitive process, and in coordination with the defense 
    manufacturing institutes.
        (2) Eligible consortiums.--The Secretary may establish 
    eligibility criteria for a consortium to participate in the 
    Program. In developing such criteria, the Secretary may consider 
    the merits of--
            (A) including members from academia, defense industry, 
        commercial industry, and State and local government 
        organizations;
            (B) supporting efforts in geographical regions that have 
        capabilities in key technologies or industrial base supply 
        chains that are determined critical to national security;
            (C) optimal consortium composition and size to promote 
        effectiveness, collaboration, and efficiency; and
            (D) complementarity with defense manufacturing institutes.
        (3) Duration.--Each designation under paragraph (1) shall be 
    for a period of five years.
        (4) Renewal.--
            (A) In general.--The Secretary may renew a designation made 
        under paragraph (1) for up to two additional two-year periods. 
        Any designation as a defense manufacturing community or renewal 
        of such designation that is in effect before the date of the 
        enactment of this Act shall count toward the limit set forth in 
        this subparagraph.
            (B) Evaluation for renewal.--The Secretary shall establish 
        criteria for the renewal of a consortium. In establishing such 
        criteria, the Secretary may consider--
                (i) the performance of the consortium in meeting the 
            established goals of the Program;
                (ii) the progress the consortium has made with respect 
            to project-specific metrics, particularly with respect to 
            those metrics that were designed to help communities track 
            their own progress;
                (iii) whether any changes to the composition of the 
            eligible consortium or revisions of the plan for the 
            consortium would improve the capabilities of the defense 
            industrial base;
                (iv) the effectiveness of coordination with defense 
            manufacturing institutes; and
                (v) such other criteria as the Secretary considers 
            appropriate.
        (5) Application for designation.--An eligible consortium 
    seeking a designation under paragraph (1) shall submit an 
    application to the Secretary at such time and in such manner as the 
    Secretary may require. In developing such procedures, the Secretary 
    may consider the inclusion of--
            (A) a description of the regional boundaries of the 
        consortium, and the defense manufacturing capacity of the 
        region;
            (B) an evidence-based plan for enhancing the defense 
        industrial base through the efforts of the consortium;
            (C) the investments the consortium proposes and the 
        strategy of the consortium to address gaps in the defense 
        industrial base;
            (D) a description of the outcome-based metrics, benchmarks, 
        and milestones that will track and the evaluation methods that 
        will be used to gauge performance of the consortium;
            (E) how the initiatives will complement defense 
        manufacturing institutes; and
            (F) such other matters as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
    (c) Financial and Technical Assistance.--
        (1) In general.--Under the Program, the Secretary of Defense 
    may award financial or technical assistance to a member of a 
    consortium designated as a defense manufacturing community under 
    the Program as appropriate for purposes of the Program.
        (2) Use of funds.--A recipient of financial or technical 
    assistance under the Program may use such financial or technical 
    assistance to support an investment that will improve the defense 
    industrial base.
        (3) Investments supported.--Investments supported under this 
    subsection may include activities not already provided for by 
    defense manufacturing institutes on--
            (A) equipment or facility upgrades;
            (B) workforce training, retraining, or recruitment and 
        retention, including that of women and underrepresented 
        minorities;
            (C) business incubators;
            (D) advanced research and commercialization, including with 
        Federal laboratories and depots;
            (E) supply chain development; and
            (F) small business assistance.
    (d) Receipt of Transferred Funds.--The Secretary of Defense may 
accept amounts transferred to the Secretary from the head of another 
agency or a State or local governmental organization to carry out this 
section.
    SEC. 847. LIMITATION ON PROCUREMENT OF CERTAIN ITEMS FOR T-AO-205 
      PROGRAM.
    Effective during fiscal year 2019, the Secretary of Defense may 
procure the following items for the T-AO-205 program only if the 
manufacturer of the item is in the United States:
        (1) Auxiliary equipment, including pumps, for all shipboard 
    services.
        (2) Propulsion system components, including engines, reduction 
    gears, and propellers.
        (3) Shipboard cranes.
        (4) Spreaders for shipboard cranes.

                   Subtitle F--Small Business Matters

    SEC. 851. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SMALL BUSINESS STRATEGY.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 136 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2283. Department of Defense small business strategy
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall implement a small 
business strategy for the Department of Defense that meets the 
requirements of this section.
    ``(b) Unified Management Structure.--As part of the small business 
strategy described in subsection (a), the Secretary shall ensure that 
there is a unified management structure within the Department for the 
functions of the Department relating to--
        ``(1) programs and activities related to small business 
    concerns (as defined in section 3 of the Small Business Act);
        ``(2) manufacturing and industrial base policy; and
        ``(3) any procurement technical assistance program established 
    under chapter 142 of this title.
    ``(c) Purpose of Small Business Programs.--The Secretary shall 
ensure that programs and activities of the Department of Defense 
related to small business concerns are carried out so as to further 
national defense programs and priorities and the statements of purpose 
for Department of Defense acquisition set forth in section 801 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 
115-91; 131 Stat. 1449).
    ``(d) Points of Entry Into Defense Market.--The Secretary shall 
ensure--
        ``(1) that opportunities for small business concerns to 
    contract with the Department of Defense are identified clearly; and
        ``(2) that small business concerns are able to have access to 
    program managers, contracting officers, and other persons using the 
    products or services of such concern to the extent necessary to 
    inform such persons of emerging and existing capabilities of such 
    concerns.
    ``(e) Enhanced Outreach Under Procurement Technical Assistance 
Program Market.--The Secretary shall enable and promote activities to 
provide coordinated outreach to small business concerns through any 
procurement technical assistance program established under chapter 142 
of this title to facilitate small business contracting with the 
Department of Defense.''.
    (b) Implementation.--
        (1) Deadline.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop the small 
    business strategy required by section 2283 of title 10, United 
    States Code, as added by subsection (a), not later than 180 days 
    after the date of the enactment of this Act.
        (2) Notice to congress and publication.--Upon completion of the 
    development of the small business strategy pursuant to paragraph 
    (1), the Secretary shall--
            (A) transmit the strategy to Congress; and
            (B) publish the strategy on a public website of the 
        Department of Defense.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``2283. Department of Defense small business strategy.''.
    SEC. 852. PROMPT PAYMENTS OF SMALL BUSINESS CONTRACTORS.
    Section 2307(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as subparagraphs 
    (A) and (B), respectively;
        (2) by striking ``The head of any agency may--'' and inserting 
    ``(1) The head of any agency may''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2)(A) For a prime contractor (as defined in section 8701 of 
title 41) that is a small business concern (as defined in section 3 of 
the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632)), the Secretary of Defense 
shall, to the fullest extent permitted by law, establish an accelerated 
payment date with a goal of 15 days after receipt of a proper invoice 
for the amount due if a specific payment date is not established by 
contract.
    ``(B) For a prime contractor that subcontracts with a small 
business concern, the Secretary of Defense shall, to the fullest extent 
permitted by law, establish an accelerated payment date with a goal of 
15 days after receipt of a proper invoice for the amount due if--
        ``(i) a specific payment date is not established by contract; 
    and
        ``(ii) the prime contractor agrees to make payments to the 
    subcontractor in accordance with the accelerated payment date, to 
    the maximum extent practicable, without any further consideration 
    from or fees charged to the subcontractor.''.
    SEC. 853. INCREASED PARTICIPATION IN THE SMALL BUSINESS 
      ADMINISTRATION MICROLOAN PROGRAM.
    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``intermediary'' has the meaning given that term 
    in section 7(m)(11) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
    636(m)(11)).
        (2) The term ``microloan program'' means the program 
    established under section 7(m) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
    636(m)).
    (b) Microloan Intermediary Lending Limit Increased.--Section 
7(m)(3)(C) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 636(m)(3)(C)) is 
amended by striking ``$5,000,000'' and inserting ``$6,000,000''.
    (c) SBA Study of Microenterprise Participation.--Not later than one 
year after the date of the enactment of this section, the Administrator 
of the Small Business Administration shall conduct a study and submit 
to the Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship of the Senate 
and the Committee on Small Business of the House of Representatives a 
report on--
        (1) the operations (including services provided, structure, 
    size, and area of operation) of a representative sample of--
            (A) intermediaries that are eligible to participate in the 
        microloan program and that do participate; and
            (B) intermediaries that are eligible to participate in the 
        microloan program and that do not participate;
        (2) the reasons why eligible intermediaries described in 
    paragraph (1)(B) choose not to participate in the microloan 
    program;
        (3) recommendations on how to encourage increased participation 
    in the microloan program by eligible intermediaries described in 
    paragraph (1)(B); and
        (4) recommendations on how to decrease the costs associated 
    with participation in the microloan program for eligible 
    intermediaries.
    (d) GAO Study on Microloan Intermediary Practices.--Not later than 
one year after the date of the enactment of this section, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the Committee 
on Small Business and Entrepreneurship of the Senate and the Committee 
on Small Business of the House of Representatives a report evaluating--
        (1) oversight of the microloan program by the Small Business 
    Administration, including oversight of intermediaries participating 
    in the microloan program; and
        (2) the specific processes used by the Small Business 
    Administration to ensure--
            (A) compliance by intermediaries participating in the 
        microloan program; and
            (B) the overall performance of the microloan program.
    SEC. 854. AMENDMENTS TO SMALL BUSINESS INNOVATION RESEARCH PROGRAM 
      AND SMALL BUSINESS TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER PROGRAM.
    (a) Extension of Pilot Programs.--Section 9 of the Small Business 
Act (15 U.S.C. 638) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (cc), by striking ``2017'' and inserting 
    ``2022'';
        (2) in subsection (gg)(7), by striking ``2017'' and inserting 
    ``2022'';
        (3) in subsection (jj)--
            (A) in paragraph (4)(A), by striking ``3'' and inserting 
        ``4''; and
            (B) in paragraph (7), by striking ``2017'' and inserting 
        ``2022'';
        (4) in subsection (mm)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
            striking ``2017'' and inserting ``2022'';
                (ii) in subparagraph (I), by striking ``and'' at the 
            end;
                (iii) in subparagraph (J), by striking the period at 
            the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                (iv) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(K) funding for improvements that increase commonality 
        across data systems, reduce redundancy, and improve data 
        oversight and accuracy.''; and
        (5) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(tt) Outstanding Reports and Evaluations.--
        ``(1) In general.--Not later than March 30, 2019, the 
    Administrator shall submit to the Committee on Small Business and 
    Entrepreneurship of the Senate, the Committee on Small Business of 
    the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Science, Space, 
    and Technology of the House of Representatives--
            ``(A) each report, evaluation, or analysis, as applicable, 
        described in subsection (b)(7), (g)(9), (o)(10), (y)(6)(C), 
        (gg)(6), (jj)(6), and (mm)(6); and
            ``(B) metrics regarding, and an evaluation of, the 
        authority provided to the National Institutes of Health, the 
        Department of Defense, and the Department of Education under 
        subsection (cc).
        ``(2) Information required.--Not later than December 31, 2018, 
    the head of each agency that is responsible for carrying out a 
    provision described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1) 
    shall submit to the Administrator any information that is necessary 
    for the Administrator to carry out the responsibilities of the 
    Administrator under that paragraph.''.
    (b) Accelerating SBIR and STTR Awards.--Section 9 of the Small 
Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (hh)--
            (A) by striking ``Federal agencies'' and inserting the 
        following:
        ``(1) In general.--Federal agencies'';
            (B) in paragraph (1), as so designated, by striking 
        ``attempt to''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(2) Pilot program to accelerate department of defense sbir 
    and sttr awards.--
            ``(A) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this paragraph, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering, acting through the Director of 
        Defense Procurement and Acquisition Policy of the Department of 
        Defense, shall establish a pilot program to reduce the time for 
        awards under the SBIR and STTR programs of the Department of 
        Defense, under which the Department of Defense shall--
                ``(i) develop simplified and standardized procedures 
            and model contracts throughout the Department of Defense 
            for Phase I, Phase II, and Phase III SBIR awards;
                ``(ii) for Phase I SBIR and STTR awards, reduce the 
            amount of time between solicitation closure and award;
                ``(iii) for Phase II SBIR and STTR awards, reduce the 
            amount of time between the end of a Phase I award and the 
            start of the Phase II award;
                ``(iv) for Phase II SBIR and STTR awards that skip 
            Phase I, reduce the amount of time between solicitation 
            closure and award;
                ``(v) for sequential Phase II SBIR and STTR awards, 
            reduce the amount of time between Phase II awards; and
                ``(vi) reduce the award times described in clauses 
            (ii), (iii), (iv), and (v) to be as close to 90 days as 
            possible.
            ``(B) Consultation.--In carrying out the pilot program 
        under subparagraph (A), the Director of Defense Procurement and 
        Acquisition Policy of the Department of Defense shall consult 
        with the Director of the Office of Small Business Programs of 
        the Department of Defense.
            ``(C) Termination.--The pilot program under subparagraph 
        (A) shall terminate on September 30, 2022.''; and
        (2) in subsection (ii)--
            (A) by striking ``Federal agencies'' and inserting the 
        following:
        ``(1) In general.--Federal agencies''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(2) Comptroller general reports.--The Comptroller General of 
    the United States shall submit to the Committee on Small Business 
    and Entrepreneurship of the Senate, the Committee on Armed Services 
    of the Senate, the Committee on Small Business of the House of 
    Representatives, and the Committee on Armed Services of the House 
    of Representatives--
            ``(A) not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
        this paragraph, and every year thereafter for 3 years, a report 
        that--
                ``(i) provides the average and median amount of time 
            that each component of the Department of Defense with an 
            SBIR or STTR program takes to review and make a final 
            decision on proposals submitted under the program; and
                ``(ii) compares that average and median amount of time 
            with that of other Federal agencies participating in the 
            SBIR or STTR program; and
            ``(B) not later than December 5, 2021, a report that--
                ``(i) includes the information described in 
            subparagraph (A);
                ``(ii) assesses where each Federal agency participating 
            in the SBIR or STTR program needs improvement with respect 
            to the proposal review and award times under the program;
                ``(iii) identifies best practices for shortening the 
            proposal review and award times under the SBIR and STTR 
            programs, including the pros and cons of using contracts 
            compared to grants; and
                ``(iv) analyzes the efficacy of the pilot program 
            established under subsection (hh)(2).''.
    (c) Improvements to Technical and Business Assistance.--
        (1) In general.--Section 9(q) of the Small Business Act (15 
    U.S.C. 638(q)) is amended--
            (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``and 
        Business'' after ``Technical'';
            (B) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--

                    (I) by striking ``a vendor selected under paragraph 
                (2)'' and inserting ``1 or more vendors selected under 
                paragraph (2)(A)'';
                    (II) by inserting ``and business'' before 
                ``assistance services''; and
                    (III) by inserting ``assistance with product sales, 
                intellectual property protections, market research, 
                market validation, and development of regulatory plans 
                and manufacturing plans,'' after ``technologies,''; and

                (ii) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``, including 
            intellectual property protections'' before the period at 
            the end;
            (C) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in the first sentence, by striking ``Each agency 
            may select a vendor to assist small business concerns to 
            meet'' and inserting the following:
            ``(A) In general.--Each agency may select 1 or more vendors 
        from which small business concerns may obtain assistance in 
        meeting''; and
                (ii) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) Selection by small business concern.--A small 
        business concern may, by contract or otherwise, select 1 or 
        more vendors to assist the small business concern in meeting 
        the goals listed in paragraph (1).''; and
            (D) in paragraph (3)--
                (i) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``paragraph (2)'' each 
            place that term appears;
                (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``$5,000 per 
            year'' each place that term appears and inserting ``$6,500 
            per year'';
                (iii) in subparagraph (B)--

                    (I) by striking ``$5,000 per year'' each place that 
                term appears and inserting ``$50,000 per project''; and
                    (II) in clause (ii), by striking ``which shall be 
                in addition to the amount of the recipient's award'' 
                and inserting ``which may, as determined appropriate by 
                the head of the Federal agency, be included as part of 
                the recipient's award or be in addition to the amount 
                of the recipient's award'';

                (iv) in subparagraph (C)--

                    (I) by inserting ``or business'' after 
                ``technical'';
                    (II) by striking ``the vendor'' and inserting ``a 
                vendor''; and
                    (III) by adding at the end the following: 
                ``Business-related services aimed at improving the 
                commercialization success of a small business concern 
                may be obtained from an entity, such as a public or 
                private organization or an agency of or other entity 
                established or funded by a State that facilitates or 
                accelerates the commercialization of technologies or 
                assists in the creation and growth of private 
                enterprises that are commercializing technology.'';

                (v) in subparagraph (D)--

                    (I) by inserting ``or business'' after 
                ``technical'' each place that term appears; and
                    (II) in clause (i), by striking ``the vendor'' and 
                inserting ``1 or more vendors''; and

                (vi) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(E) Multiple award recipients.--The Administrator shall 
        establish a limit on the amount of technical and business 
        assistance services that may be received or purchased under 
        subparagraph (B) by a small business concern that has received 
        multiple Phase II SBIR or STTR awards for a fiscal year.''; and
            (E) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(4) Annual reporting.--
            ``(A) In general.--A small business concern that receives 
        technical or business assistance from a vendor under this 
        subsection during a fiscal year shall submit to the Federal 
        agency contracting with the vendor a description of the 
        technical or business assistance provided and the benefits and 
        results of the technical or business assistance provided.
            ``(B) Use of existing reporting mechanism.--The information 
        required under subparagraph (A) shall be collected by a Federal 
        agency as part of a report required to be submitted by small 
        business concerns engaged in SBIR or STTR projects of the 
        Federal agency for which the requirement was in effect on the 
        date of enactment of this paragraph.''.
        (2) Review.--Not later than the end of fiscal year 2019, the 
    Administrator of the Small Business Administration shall--
            (A) conduct a survey of vendors providing technical or 
        business assistance under section 9(q) of the Small Business 
        Act (15 U.S.C. 638(q)), as amended by paragraph (1), and small 
        business concerns receiving the technical or business 
        assistance; and
            (B) submit to the Committee on Small Business and 
        Entrepreneurship of the Senate and the Committee on Small 
        Business of the House of Representatives a report reviewing the 
        efficacy of the provision of the technical or business 
        assistance.
    SEC. 855. CONSTRUCTION CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION.
    Section 15 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(w) Solicitation Notice Regarding Administration of Change Orders 
for Construction.--
        ``(1) In general.--With respect to any solicitation for the 
    award of a contract for construction anticipated to be awarded to a 
    small business concern, the agency administering such contract 
    shall provide a notice along with the solicitation to prospective 
    bidders and offerors that includes--
            ``(A) information about the agency's policies or practices 
        in complying with the requirements of the Federal Acquisition 
        Regulation relating to the timely definitization of requests 
        for an equitable adjustment; and
            ``(B) information about the agency's past performance in 
        definitizing requests for equitable adjustments in accordance 
        with paragraph (2).
        ``(2) Requirements for agencies.--An agency shall provide the 
    past performance information described under paragraph (1)(B) as 
    follows:
            ``(A) For the 3-year period preceding the issuance of the 
        notice, to the extent such information is available.
            ``(B) With respect to an agency that, on the date of the 
        enactment of this subsection, has not compiled the information 
        described under paragraph (1)(B)--
                ``(i) beginning 1 year after the date of the enactment 
            of this subsection, for the 1-year period preceding the 
            issuance of the notice;
                ``(ii) beginning 2 years after the date of the 
            enactment of this subsection, for the 2-year period 
            preceding the issuance of the notice; and
                ``(iii) beginning 3 years after the date of the 
            enactment of this subsection and each year thereafter, for 
            the 3-year period preceding the issuance of the notice.
        ``(3) Format of past performance information.--In the notice 
    required under paragraph (1), the agency shall ensure that the past 
    performance information described under paragraph (1)(B) is set 
    forth separately for each definitization action that was completed 
    during the following periods:
            ``(A) Not more than 30 days after receipt of a request for 
        an equitable adjustment.
            ``(B) Not more than 60 days after receipt of a request for 
        an equitable adjustment.
            ``(C) Not more than 90 days after receipt of a request for 
        an equitable adjustment.
            ``(D) Not more than 180 days after receipt of a request for 
        an equitable adjustment.
            ``(E) Not more than 365 days after receipt of a request for 
        an equitable adjustment.
            ``(F) More than 365 days after receipt of a request for an 
        equitable adjustment.
            ``(G) After the completion of the performance of the 
        contract through a contract modification addressing all 
        undefinitized requests for an equitable adjustment received 
        during the term of the contract.''.
    SEC. 856. COMPTROLLER GENERAL STUDY OF IMPACT OF BROADBAND SPEED 
      AND PRICE ON SMALL BUSINESSES.
    (a) Study Required.--Subject to appropriations, the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall conduct a study evaluating the 
impact of broadband speed and price on small business concerns (as 
defined in section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632)).
    (b) Report.--Not later than three years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the 
Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation and the Committee on 
Small Business and Entrepreneurship of the Senate and the Committee on 
Energy and Commerce and the Committee on Small Business of the House of 
Representatives a report on the results of the study under subsection 
(a), including--
        (1) a survey of broadband speeds available to small business 
    concerns;
        (2) a survey of the cost of broadband speeds available to small 
    business concerns;
        (3) a survey of the type of broadband technology used by small 
    business concerns; and
        (4) any policy recommendations that may improve the access of 
    small business concerns to comparable broadband services at 
    comparable rates in all regions of the United States.
    SEC. 857. CONSOLIDATED BUDGET DISPLAY FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
      SMALL BUSINESS INNOVATION RESEARCH PROGRAM AND SMALL BUSINESS 
      TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER PROGRAM.
    (a) Budget Display Submission.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, 
shall include in the materials submitted to Congress by the Secretary 
of Defense in support of the budget of the President for each fiscal 
year (as submitted to Congress under section 1105 of title 31, United 
States Code), a budget display for the funds assessed for the Small 
Business Innovation Research Program or the Small Business Technology 
Transfer Program (as such terms are defined, respectively, in section 
9(e) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(e))) of the Department of 
Defense during the previous fiscal year.
    (b) Budget Display Requirements.--The budget display under 
subsection (a) shall include--
        (1) for funds assessed, the amount obligated and expended, by 
    appropriation and functional area, for the Small Business 
    Innovation Research Program or the Small Business Technology 
    Transfer Program;
        (2) information, by military department and other awarding 
    organizations, on Phase I, II, and III awards;
        (3) to the extent practicable, specific processes, products, 
    technologies, or services that were transitioned to acquisition 
    programs of record, or other follow-on contracts; and
        (4) an estimate of the Small Business Innovation Research 
    Program and the Small Business Technology Transfer Program funding 
    to be assessed during the period covered by the current future-
    years defense program (as defined under section 221 of title 10, 
    United States Code).
    (c) First Submission.--The first budget display under subsection 
(a) shall be included with the budget for the President for fiscal year 
2020.
    (d) Congressional Committees.--The budget display under subsection 
(a) shall be submitted to the congressional defense committees, with 
copies provided to the Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship 
of the Senate and the Committee on Small Business of the House of 
Representatives.
    (e) Termination.--The requirements of this section shall terminate 
on December 31, 2022.
    (f) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to modify or otherwise affect the requirement to expend 
amounts for the Small Business Innovation Research Program and the 
Small Business Technology Transfer Program of the Department of Defense 
under subsections (f) and (n) of section 9 of the Small Business Act 
(15 U.S.C. 638).
    SEC. 858. FUNDING FOR PROCUREMENT TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.
    (a) Amount of Assistance From Secretary.--Section 2413(b) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``not more than 65 percent'' and inserting 
    ``not more than 75 percent''; and
        (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``more than 65 percent, but 
    not more than 75 percent'' and inserting ``more than 75 percent, 
    but not more than 85 percent''.
    (b) Funding for Eligible Entities.--Section 2414(a) of such title 
is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``$750,000'' and inserting 
    ``$1,000,000'';
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$450,000'' and inserting 
    ``$750,000'';
        (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``$300,000'' and inserting 
    ``$450,000''; and
        (4) in paragraph (4), by striking ``$750,000'' and inserting 
    ``$1,000,000''.
    SEC. 859. AUTHORIZATION FOR PAYMENT OF CERTAIN COSTS RELATING TO 
      PROCUREMENT TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE CENTERS.
    (a) Authorization to Pay Costs Relating to Meetings of Eligible 
Entities.--Section 2417 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in the heading, by inserting ``and other'' after 
    ``Administrative'';
        (2) by striking ``chapter, an amount'' and inserting 
    ``chapter--
    ``(1) an amount'';
        (3) by striking the period at the end and inserting ``; and''; 
    and
        (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(2) an amount determined appropriate by the Director to 
    assist eligible entities in payment of costs of eligible entities 
    --
            ``(A) for meetings to discuss best practices for the 
        improvement of the operations of procurement technical 
        assistance centers; and
            ``(B) for membership dues for any association of such 
        centers created by eligible entities, training fees and 
        associated travel for training to carry out the purposes of 
        this chapter, and voluntary participation on any committees or 
        board of such an association.''.
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than six months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Director of the Defense Logistics Agency 
shall brief the congressional defense committees on the recognition or 
lack of recognition by the Department of Defense of procurement 
technical assistance center associations and the rationale for the 
recognition or lack of recognition, including a discussion of whether 
the Department needs authority to recognize such associations.
    SEC. 860. COMMERCIALIZATION ASSISTANCE PILOT PROGRAM.
    Section 9 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(uu) Commercialization Assistance Pilot Programs.--
        ``(1) Pilot programs implemented.--
            ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
        not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
        subsection, a covered agency shall implement a 
        commercialization assistance pilot program, under which an 
        eligible entity may receive a subsequent Phase II SBIR award.
            ``(B) Exception.--If the Administrator determines that a 
        covered agency has a program that is sufficiently similar to 
        the commercialization assistance pilot program established 
        under this subsection, such covered agency shall not be 
        required to implement a commercialization assistance pilot 
        program under this subsection.
        ``(2) Percent of agency funds.--The head of each covered agency 
    may allocate not more than 5 percent of the funds allocated to the 
    SBIR program of the covered agency for the purpose of making a 
    subsequent Phase II SBIR award under the commercialization 
    assistance pilot program.
        ``(3) Termination.--A commercialization assistance pilot 
    program established under this subsection shall terminate on 
    September 30, 2022.
        ``(4) Application.--To be selected to receive a subsequent 
    Phase II SBIR award under a commercialization assistance pilot 
    program, an eligible entity shall submit to the covered agency 
    implementing such pilot program an application at such time, in 
    such manner, and containing such information as the covered agency 
    may require, including--
            ``(A) an updated Phase II commercialization plan; and
            ``(B) the source and amount of the matching funding 
        required under paragraph (5).
        ``(5) Matching funding.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Administrator shall require, as a 
        condition of any subsequent Phase II SBIR award made to an 
        eligible entity under this subsection, that a matching amount 
        (excluding any fees collected by the eligible entity receiving 
        such award) equal to the amount of such award be provided from 
        an eligible third-party investor.
            ``(B) Ineligible sources.--An eligible entity may not use 
        funding from ineligible sources to meet the matching 
        requirement of subparagraph (A).
        ``(6) Award.--A subsequent Phase II SBIR award made to an 
    eligible entity under this subsection--
            ``(A) may not exceed the limitation described under 
        subsection (aa)(1); and
            ``(B) shall be disbursed during Phase II.
        ``(7) Use of funds.--The funds awarded to an eligible entity 
    under this subsection may only be used for research and development 
    activities that build on eligible entity's Phase II program and 
    ensure the research funded under such Phase II is rapidly 
    progressing towards commercialization.
        ``(8) Selection.--In selecting eligible entities to participate 
    in a commercialization assistance pilot program under this 
    subsection, the head of a covered agency shall consider--
            ``(A) the extent to which such award could aid the eligible 
        entity in commercializing the research funded under the 
        eligible entity's Phase II program;
            ``(B) whether the updated Phase II commercialization plan 
        submitted under paragraph (4) provides a sound approach for 
        establishing technical feasibility that could lead to 
        commercialization of such research;
            ``(C) whether the proposed activities to be conducted under 
        such updated Phase II commercialization plan further improve 
        the likelihood that such research will provide societal 
        benefits;
            ``(D) whether the small business concern has progressed 
        satisfactorily in Phase II to justify receipt of a subsequent 
        Phase II SBIR award;
            ``(E) the expectations of the eligible third-party investor 
        that provides matching funding under paragraph (5); and
            ``(F) the likelihood that the proposed activities to be 
        conducted under such updated Phase II commercialization plan 
        using matching funding provided by such eligible third-party 
        investor will lead to commercial and societal benefit.
        ``(9) Evaluation report.--Not later than 6 years after the date 
    of the enactment of this subsection, the Comptroller General of the 
    United States shall submit to the Committee on Science, Space, and 
    Technology and the Committee on Small Business of the House of 
    Representatives, and the Committee on Small Business and 
    Entrepreneurship of the Senate, a report including--
            ``(A) a summary of the activities of commercialization 
        assistance pilot programs carried out under this subsection;
            ``(B) a detailed compilation of results achieved by such 
        commercialization assistance pilot programs, including the 
        number of eligible entities that received awards under such 
        programs;
            ``(C) the rate at which each eligible entity that received 
        a subsequent Phase II SBIR award under this subsection 
        commercialized research of the recipient;
            ``(D) the growth in employment and revenue of eligible 
        entities that is attributable to participation in a 
        commercialization assistance pilot program;
            ``(E) a comparison of commercialization success of eligible 
        entities participating in a commercialization assistance pilot 
        program with recipients of an additional Phase II SBIR award 
        under subsection (ff);
            ``(F) demographic information, such as ethnicity and 
        geographic location, of eligible entities participating in a 
        commercialization assistance pilot program;
            ``(G) an accounting of the funds used at each covered 
        agency that implements a commercialization assistance pilot 
        program under this subsection;
            ``(H) the amount of matching funding provided by eligible 
        third-party investors, set forth separately by source of 
        funding;
            ``(I) an analysis of the effectiveness of the 
        commercialization assistance pilot program implemented by each 
        covered agency; and
            ``(J) recommendations for improvements to the 
        commercialization assistance pilot program.
        ``(10) Definitions.--For purposes of this subsection:
            ``(A) Covered agency.--The term `covered agency' means a 
        Federal agency required to have an SBIR program.
            ``(B) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means a 
        small business concern that has received a Phase II award under 
        an SBIR program and an additional Phase II SBIR award under 
        subsection (ff) from the covered agency to which such small 
        business concern is applying for a subsequent Phase II SBIR 
        award.
            ``(C) Eligible third-party investor.--The term `eligible 
        third-party investor' means a small business concern other than 
        an eligible entity, a venture capital firm, an individual 
        investor, a non-SBIR Federal, State or local government, or any 
        combination thereof.
            ``(D) Ineligible sources.--The term `ineligible sources' 
        means the following:
                ``(i) The eligible entity's internal research and 
            development funds.
                ``(ii) Funding in forms other than cash, such as in-
            kind or other intangible assets.
                ``(iii) Funding from the owners of the eligible entity, 
            or the family members or affiliates of such owners.
                ``(iv) Funding attained through loans or other forms of 
            debt obligations.
            ``(E) Subsequent phase ii sbir award.--The term `subsequent 
        Phase II SBIR award' means an award granted to an eligible 
        entity under this subsection to carry out further 
        commercialization activities for research conducted pursuant to 
        an SBIR program.''.
    SEC. 861. PUERTO RICO BUSINESSES.
    (a) Definition of Puerto Rico Business.--Section 3 of the Small 
Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(ee) Puerto Rico Business.--In this Act, the term `Puerto Rico 
business' means a small business concern that has its principal office 
located in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.''.
    (b) Small Business Credit for Puerto Rico Businesses.--Section 15 
of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644) is amended by adding at the 
end the following new subsection:
    ``(x) Small Business Credit for Puerto Rico Businesses.--
        ``(1) Credit for meeting contracting goals.--If an agency 
    awards a prime contract to Puerto Rico business during the period 
    beginning on the date of enactment of this subsection and ending on 
    the date that is 4 years after such date of enactment, the value of 
    the contract shall be doubled for purposes of determining 
    compliance with the goals for procurement contracts under 
    subsection (g)(1)(A)(i) during such period.
        ``(2) Report.--Along with the report required under subsection 
    (h)(1), the head of each Federal agency shall submit to the 
    Administrator, and make publicly available on the scorecard 
    described in section 868(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
    Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (15 U.S.C. 644 note), an analysis of the 
    number and dollar amount of prime contracts awarded pursuant to 
    paragraph (1) for each fiscal year of the period described in such 
    paragraph.''.
    (c) Priority for Surplus Property Transfers.--Section 7(j)(13)(F) 
of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 636(j)(13)(F)) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new clause:
        ``(iii)(I) In this clause, the term `covered period' means the 
    period beginning on the date of enactment of this clause and ending 
    on the date on which the Oversight Board established under section 
    101 of the Puerto Rico Oversight, Management, and Economic 
    Stability Act (48 U.S.C. 2121) terminates.
        ``(II) The Administrator may transfer technology or surplus 
    property under clause (i) to a Puerto Rico business if the Puerto 
    Rico business meets the requirements for such a transfer, without 
    regard to whether the Puerto Rico business is a Program 
    Participant.''.
    (d) Contracting Incentives for Protege Firms That Are Puerto Rico 
Businesses.--
        (1) In general.--Section 45(a) of the Small Business Act (15 
    U.S.C. 657r(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(3) Puerto rico businesses.--During the period beginning on 
    the date of enactment of this paragraph and ending on the date on 
    which the Oversight Board established under section 101 of the 
    Puerto Rico Oversight, Management, and Economic Stability Act (48 
    U.S.C. 2121) terminates, the Administrator shall identify potential 
    incentives to a covered mentor that awards a subcontract to its 
    covered protege, including--
            ``(A) positive consideration in any past performance 
        evaluation of the covered mentor; and
            ``(B) the application of costs incurred for providing 
        training to such covered protege to the subcontracting plan (as 
        required under paragraph (4) or (5) of section 8(d)) of the 
        covered mentor.''.
        (2) Definitions.--Section 45(d) of the Small Business Act (15 
    U.S.C. 657r(d)) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
    paragraphs:
        ``(4) Covered mentor.--The term `covered mentor' means a mentor 
    that enters into an agreement under this Act, or under any mentor-
    protege program approved under subsection (b)(1), with a covered 
    protege.
        ``(5) Covered protege.--The term `covered protege' means a 
    protege of a covered mentor that is a Puerto Rico business.''.
    (e) Additional Mentor-Protege Relationships for Protege Firms That 
Are Puerto Rico Businesses.--Section 45(b)(3)(A) of the Small Business 
Act (15 U.S.C. 657r(b)(3)(A)) is amended by inserting ``, except that 
such restrictions shall not apply to up to 2 mentor-protege 
relationships if such relationships are between a covered protege and 
covered mentor'' after ``each participant''.
    SEC. 862. OPPORTUNITIES FOR EMPLOYEE-OWNED BUSINESS CONCERNS 
      THROUGH SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION LOAN PROGRAMS.
    (a) Definitions.--In this Act--
        (1) the terms ``Administration'' and ``Administrator'' means 
    the Small Business Administration and the Administrator thereof, 
    respectively;
        (2) the term ``cooperative'' means an entity that is determined 
    to be a cooperative by the Administrator, in accordance with 
    applicable Federal and State laws and regulations;
        (3) the term ``employee-owned business concern'' means--
            (A) a cooperative; and
            (B) a qualified employee trust;
        (4) the terms ``qualified employee trust'' and ``small business 
    concern'' have the meanings given those terms in section 3 of the 
    Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632); and
        (5) the term ``small business development center'' means a 
    small business development center described in section 21 of the 
    Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 648).
    (b) Expansion of 7(a) Loans.--
        (1) In general.--Section 7(a) of the Small Business Act (15 
    U.S.C. 636(a)) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (15)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A)--

                    (I) by striking ``this subsection to qualified 
                employee trusts'' and inserting ``this subsection--

            ``(i) to qualified employee trusts'';

                    (II) in clause (i), as so designated--

                        (aa) by inserting ``, and for any transaction 
                    costs associated with purchasing,'' after 
                    ``purchasing'';
                        (bb) by striking the period at the end and 
                    inserting ``; and''; and

                    (III) by adding at the end the following:

            ``(ii) to a small business concern under a plan approved by 
        the Administrator, if the proceeds from the loan are only used 
        to make a loan to a qualified employee trust, and for any 
        transaction costs associated with making that loan, that 
        results in the qualified employee trust owning at least 51 
        percent of the small business concern.'';
                (ii) in subparagraph (B)--

                    (I) in the matter preceding clause (i), by 
                inserting ``or by the small business concern'' after 
                ``the trustee of such trust'';
                    (II) in clause (ii), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (III) in clause (iii), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``, and''; and
                    (IV) by adding at the end the following:

            ``(iv) with respect to a loan made to a trust, or to a 
        cooperative in accordance with paragraph (35)--
                ``(I) a seller of the small business concern may remain 
            involved as an officer, director, or key employee of the 
            small business concern when a qualified employee trust or 
            cooperative has acquired 100 percent of ownership of the 
            small business concern; and
                ``(II) any seller of the small business concern who 
            remains as an owner of the small business concern, 
            regardless of the percentage of ownership interest, shall 
            be required to provide a personal guarantee by the 
            Administration.''; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(F) A small business concern that makes a loan to a qualified 
    employee trust under subparagraph (A)(ii) is not required to 
    contain the same terms and conditions as the loan made to the small 
    business concern that is guaranteed by the Administration under 
    such subparagraph.
        ``(G) With respect to a loan made to a qualified employee trust 
    under this paragraph, or to a cooperative in accordance with 
    paragraph (35), the Administrator may, as deemed appropriate, elect 
    to not require any mandatory equity to be provided by the qualified 
    employee trust or cooperative to make the loan.''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(35) Loans to cooperatives.--
            ``(A) Definition.--In this paragraph, the term 
        `cooperative' means an entity that is determined to be a 
        cooperative by the Administrator, in accordance with applicable 
        Federal and State laws and regulation.
            ``(B) Authority.--The Administration shall guarantee loans 
        made to a cooperative for the purpose described in paragraph 
        (15).''.
        (2) Delegation of authority to preferred lenders.--Section 
    5(b)(7) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 634(b)(7)) is amended 
    by inserting ``, including loans guaranteed under paragraph (15) or 
    (35) of section 7(a)'' after ``deferred participation loans''.
    (c) Small Business Investment Company Program Outreach.--The 
Administrator shall provide outreach and educational materials to 
companies licensed under section 301(c) of the Small Business 
Investment Act of 1958 (15 U.S.C. 681(c)) to increase the use of funds 
to make investments in company transitions to employee-owned business 
concerns.
    (d) Small Business Microloan Program Outreach.--The Administrator 
shall provide outreach and educational materials to intermediaries 
under section 7(m) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 636(m)) to 
increase the use of funds to make loans to employee-owned business 
concerns, including transitions to employee-owned business concerns.
    (e) Small Business Development Center Outreach and Assistance.--
        (1) Establishment.--The Administrator shall establish a Small 
    Business Employee Ownership and Cooperatives Promotion Program to 
    offer technical assistance and training on the transition to 
    employee ownership through cooperatives and qualified employee 
    trusts.
        (2) Small business development centers.--
            (A) In general.--In carrying out the program established 
        under subsection (a), the Administrator shall enter into 
        agreements with small business development centers under which 
        the centers shall--
                (i) provide access to information and resources on 
            employee ownership through cooperatives or qualified 
            employee trusts as a business succession strategy;
                (ii) conduct training and educational activities; and
                (iii) carry out the activities described in 
            subparagraph (U) of section 21(c)(3) of the Small Business 
            Act (15 U.S.C. 648(c)(3)).
            (B) Additional services.--Section 21(c)(3) of the Small 
        Business Act (15 U.S.C. 648(c)(3)) is amended--
                (i) in subparagraph (S), by striking ``and'' at the 
            end;
                (ii) in subparagraph (T), by striking the period at the 
            end and inserting ``; and''; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(U) encouraging and assisting the provision of succession 
    planning to small business concerns with a focus on transitioning 
    to cooperatives, as defined in section 7(a)(35), and qualified 
    employee trusts (collectively referred to in this subparagraph as 
    `employee-owned business concerns'), including by--
            ``(i) providing training to individuals to promote the 
        successful management, governance, or operation of a business 
        purchased by those individuals in the formation of an employee-
        owned business concern;
            ``(ii) assisting employee-owned business concerns that meet 
        applicable size standards established under section 3(a) with 
        education and technical assistance with respect to financing 
        and contracting programs administered by the Administration;
            ``(iii) coordinating with lenders on conducting outreach on 
        financing through programs administered by the Administration 
        that may be used to support the transition of ownership to 
        employees;
            ``(iv) supporting small business concerns in exploring or 
        assessing the possibility of transitioning to an employee-owned 
        business concern; and
            ``(v) coordinating with the cooperative development centers 
        of the Department of Agriculture, the land grant extension 
        network, the Manufacturing Extension Partnership, community 
        development financial institutions, employee ownership 
        associations and service providers, and local, regional and 
        national cooperative associations.''.
    (f) Amendment to Report to Congress on Status of Employee-Owned 
Firms.--Section 7(a)(15)(E) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
636(a)(15)(E)) is amended by striking ``Administration.'' and inserting 
``Administration, which shall include--
                ``(i) the total number of loans made to employee-owned 
            business concerns that were guaranteed by the Administrator 
            under section 7(a) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
            636(a)) or section 502 of the Small Business Investment Act 
            of 1958 (15 U.S.C. 696), including the number of loans 
            made--

                    ``(I) to small business concerns owned and 
                controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged 
                individuals; and
                    ``(II) to cooperatives;

                ``(ii) the total number of financings made to employee-
            owned business concerns by companies licensed under section 
            301(c) of the Small Business Investment Act of 1958 (15 
            U.S.C. 696(c)), including the number of financings made--

                    ``(I) to small business concerns owned and 
                controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged 
                individuals; and
                    ``(II) to cooperatives; and

                ``(iii) any outreach and educational activities 
            conducted by the Administration with respect to employee-
            owned business concerns.''.
    (g) Report on Cooperative Lending.--
        (1) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
    cooperatives have a unique business structure and are unable to 
    access the lending programs of the Administration effectively due 
    to loan guarantee requirements that are incompatible with the 
    business structure of cooperatives.
        (2) Study and report.--
            (A) Study.--The Administrator, in coordination with 
        lenders, stakeholders, and Federal agencies, shall study and 
        recommend practical alternatives for cooperatives that will 
        satisfy the loan guarantee requirements of the Administration.
            (B) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to 
        Congress the recommendations developed under paragraph (1) and 
        a plan to implement such recommendations.
    (h) Amendment to Definition of Qualified Employee Trust.--Section 
3(c)(2)(A)(ii) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632(c)(2)(A)(ii)) 
is amended to read as follows:
            ``(ii) which provides that each participant is entitled to 
        direct the plan trustee as to the manner of how to vote the 
        qualified employer securities (as defined in section 4975(e)(8) 
        of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986), which are allocated to 
        the account of such participant with respect to a corporate 
        matter which (by law or charter) must be decided by a vote 
        conducted in accordance with section 409(e) of the Internal 
        Revenue Code of 1986; and''.

 Subtitle G--Provisions Related to Software and Technical Data Matters

    SEC. 865. VALIDATION OF PROPRIETARY AND TECHNICAL DATA.
    Section 2321(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), in'' 
    and inserting ``In''; and
        (2) by striking paragraph (2).
    SEC. 866. CONTINUATION OF TECHNICAL DATA RIGHTS DURING CHALLENGES.
    (a) Exercise of Rights in Technical Data Before Final Disposition 
of a Challenge.--Section 2321(i) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Prior to and'' 
    after ``Rights and Liability'';
        (2) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as paragraphs (2) 
    and (3), respectively; and
        (3) by inserting before paragraph (2), as so redesignated, the 
    following new paragraph:
    ``(1) Upon filing of a suit or appeal under the contract dispute 
statute by a contractor or subcontractor in an agency Board of Contract 
Appeals or United States Claims Court related to a decision made by a 
contracting officer under subsection (g), the Secretary of Defense, or 
a Secretary of a military department for programs for which milestone 
decision authority has been delegated, on a nondelegable basis, may, 
following notice to the contractor or subcontractor, authorize use of 
the technical data in dispute if the Secretary determines in writing 
that compelling mission readiness requirements will not permit awaiting 
the final decision by the agency Board of Contract Appeals or the 
United States Claims Court.''.
    (b) Revision of the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation 
Supplement.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall revise the Defense Federal 
Acquisition Regulation Supplement, by interim or final rule, to 
implement the amendments made by subsection (a).
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) and the 
revision required by subsection (b) shall become effective on the date 
of publication of the interim or final rule (whichever is earlier) 
required by subsection (b) and shall apply to solicitations issued by 
Department of Defense contracting activities after that date unless the 
senior procurement executive of the agency concerned grants a waiver on 
a case-by-case basis.
    (d) Guidance on Technical Data Right Negotiation.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall develop policies on the negotiation of technical data 
rights for noncommercial software that reflects the Department of 
Defense's needs for technical data rights in the event of a protest or 
replacement of incumbent contractor to meet defense requirements in the 
most cost effective manner.
    SEC. 867. REQUIREMENT FOR NEGOTIATION OF TECHNICAL DATA PRICE 
      BEFORE SUSTAINMENT OF MAJOR WEAPON SYSTEMS.
    Section 2439 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``, to the maximum extent practicable,'' after 
    ``shall ensure'';
        (2) by striking ``or for the production of a major weapon 
    system'' and inserting ``production of a major weapon system, or 
    sustainment of a major weapon system'';
        (3) by striking ``or production'' and inserting ``, production, 
    or sustainment''; and
        (4) in the heading, by striking ``or production'' and inserting 
    ``, production, or sustainment''.
    SEC. 868. IMPLEMENTATION OF RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE FINAL REPORT OF 
      THE DEFENSE SCIENCE BOARD TASK FORCE ON THE DESIGN AND 
      ACQUISITION OF SOFTWARE FOR DEFENSE SYSTEMS.
    (a) Implementation Required.--Not later than 18 months after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, 
except as provided under subsection (b), commence implementation of 
each recommendation submitted as part of the final report of the 
Defense Science Board Task Force on the Design and Acquisition of 
Software for Defense Systems.
    (b) Exceptions.--
        (1) Delayed implementation.--The Secretary of Defense may 
    commence implementation of a recommendation described under 
    subsection (a) later than the date required under such subsection 
    if the Secretary provides the congressional defense committees with 
    a specific justification for the delay in implementation of such 
    recommendation.
        (2) Nonimplementation.--The Secretary of Defense may opt not to 
    implement a recommendation described under subsection (a) if the 
    Secretary provides to the congressional defense committees--
            (A) the reasons for the decision not to implement the 
        recommendation; and
            (B) a summary of the alternative actions the Secretary 
        plans to take to address the purposes underlying the 
        recommendation.
    (c) Implementation Plans.--For each recommendation that the 
Secretary is implementing, or that the Secretary plans to implement, 
the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees--
        (1) a summary of actions that have been taken to implement the 
    recommendation; and
        (2) a schedule, with specific milestones, for completing the 
    implementation of the recommendation.
    SEC. 869. IMPLEMENTATION OF PILOT PROGRAM TO USE AGILE OR ITERATIVE 
      DEVELOPMENT METHODS REQUIRED UNDER SECTION 873 OF THE NATIONAL 
      DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2018.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall include the 
following systems in the pilot program to use agile or iterative 
development methods pursuant to section 873 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 
2223a note):
        (1) Defense Retired and Annuitant Pay System 2 (DRAS2), Defense 
    Logistics Agency.
        (2) Army Integrated Air and Missile Defense (AIAMD), Army.
        (3) Army Contract Writing System (ACWS), Army.
        (4) Defense Enterprise Accounting and Management System (DEAMS) 
    Inc2, Air Force.
        (5) Item Master, Air Force.
    (b) Additions to List.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall identify 
three additional systems for participation in the pilot program 
pursuant to section 873 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2223a note) and notify 
the congressional defense committees of the additions.
    (c) Community of Practice Advising on Agile or Iterative 
Development.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment shall establish a Community of Practice on agile or 
iterative methods so that programs that have been incorporating agile 
or iterative methods can share with programs participating in the pilot 
the lessons learned, best practices, and recommendations for 
improvements to acquisition and supporting processes. The Service 
Acquisition Executives of the military departments shall send 
representation from the following programs, which have reported using 
agile or iterative methods:
        (1) Air and Space Operations Center (AOC).
        (2) Command Control Battle Management and Communications 
    (C2BMC).
        (3) The family of Distributed Common Ground Systems.
        (4) The family of Global Command and Control Systems.
        (5) Navy Personnel and Pay (NP2).
        (6) Other programs and activities as appropriate.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall report to the 
congressional defense committees on the status of the pilot program and 
each system participating in the pilot. The report shall include the 
following elements:
        (1) A description of how cost and schedule estimates in support 
    of the program are being conducted and using what methods.
        (2) The contracting strategy and types of contracts that will 
    be used in executing the program.
        (3) A description of how intellectual property ownership issues 
    associated with software applications developed with agile or 
    iterative methods will be addressed to ensure future sustainment, 
    maintenance, and upgrades to software applications after the 
    applications are fielded.
        (4) A description of the tools and software applications that 
    are expected to be developed for the program