Text: H.R.5632 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (04/26/2018)

2d Session
H. R. 5632

To prohibit agreements between employers that directly restrict the current or future employment of any employee.


April 26, 2018

Mr. Ellison (for himself, Mr. Nadler, Mr. Cicilline, and Mr. Crowley) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and the Workforce, and in addition to the Committees on Energy and Commerce, and the Judiciary, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned


To prohibit agreements between employers that directly restrict the current or future employment of any employee.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “End Employer Collusion Act”.

SEC. 2. Unfair methods on competition relating to restrictive employment agreements.

(a) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) EMPLOYER.—The term “employer” has the meaning given the term in section 3 of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 203).

(2) RESTRICTIVE EMPLOYMENT AGREEMENT.—the term “restrictive employment agreement” means any agreement that—

(A) is between 2 or more employers, including through a franchise agreement or a contractor-subcontractor agreement; and

(B) prohibits or restricts 1 employer from soliciting or hiring another employer’s employees or former employees.

(b) Conduct prohibited.—It shall be unlawful for any entity to—

(1) enter into a restrictive employment agreement; or

(2) enforce or threaten to enforce a restrictive employment agreement.

(c) Enforcement.—


(A) IN GENERAL.—Any person who fails to comply with subsection (b) shall be liable to any individual in an amount equal to the sum—

(i) of any actual damages sustained by the individual as a result of the failure;

(ii) such amount of punitive damages as the court may allow; and

(iii) in the case of any successful action to enforce any liability under this section, the costs of the action together with reasonable attorney’s fees as determined by the court.

(B) VENUE.—Any person may bring a civil action under subparagraph (A) in any appropriate district court of the United States.


(A) IN GENERAL.—The Commission shall enforce this section in the same manner, by the same means, and with the same jurisdiction, powers, and duties as though all applicable terms and provisions of the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 41 et seq.) were incorporated into and made a part of this section.

(B) PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES.—Any person who violates subsection (b) shall be subject to the penalties and entitled to the privileges and immunities provided in the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 41 et seq.).

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