Summary: H.R.5846 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Passed House amended (07/16/2018)

Promoting Flood Risk Mitigation Act

(Sec. 2) This bill directs the Government Accountability Office (GAO) to conduct a study to assess: (1) the efficacy of practices or programs under which the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) provides assistance to state and local governments to acquire flood-damaged properties committed to open space use in perpetuity (buyout practices), and (2) ways to streamline the buyout practices to provide more timely assistance.

The study must consider and analyze:

  • current and future trends with respect to repetitive loss structures and severe repetitive loss structures that are insured under the National Flood Insurance Program;
  • buyout practices, including the socioeconomic status of recipients of buyouts under buyout programs and examples of successful buyout programs, including best practices employed;
  • administrative, financial, or temporal constraints that may impede the timely acquisition of properties under a buyout program;
  • potential options, methods, and strategies to address such constraints;
  • the ecological, financial, and flood risk reduction benefits that buyout practices provide;
  • an assessment of how FEMA may use buyout programs to reduce future flood disaster recovery costs; and
  • a cost-benefit analysis of mitigation and buy-out projects and programs.

The GAO shall submit to Congress and FEMA a report on the buyout practices study and the feasibility of FEMA establishing an alternative buyout program.