Text: H.R.6545 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

There is one version of the bill.

Text available as:

Shown Here:
Introduced in House (07/26/2018)

 
[Congressional Bills 115th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[H.R. 6545 Introduced in House (IH)]

<DOC>






115th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                H. R. 6545

 To reauthorize the Violence Against Women Act of 1994, and for other 
                               purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                             July 26, 2018

 Ms. Jackson Lee (for herself, Mr. Nadler, Ms. Pelosi, Mr. Hoyer, Ms. 
 Frankel of Florida, Mrs. Lawrence, Ms. Kuster of New Hampshire, Mrs. 
 Dingell, Ms. Moore, Ms. Speier, Ms. Maxine Waters of California, Ms. 
  Jayapal, Ms. McCollum, Mr. Welch, Ms. Schakowsky, Ms. Gabbard, Mr. 
     Raskin, Mr. Espaillat, Mr. Courtney, Mr. Brendan F. Boyle of 
   Pennsylvania, Ms. Shea-Porter, Mr. Vela, Ms. Blunt Rochester, Mr. 
  Cohen, Mrs. Napolitano, Mr. Khanna, Ms. Clark of Massachusetts, Ms. 
  Barragan, Mr. Gutierrez, Mr. Cicilline, Mr. McGovern, Ms. Wilson of 
Florida, Mr. Ted Lieu of California, Mr. Brown of Maryland, Ms. Titus, 
   Ms. Roybal-Allard, Mr. Carson of Indiana, Ms. Bass, Ms. Wasserman 
   Schultz, Mr. Swalwell of California, Ms. Eddie Bernice Johnson of 
    Texas, Mr. Quigley, Ms. Norton, Ms. Brownley of California, Mr. 
   Doggett, Ms. Bonamici, Mr. Crist, Mr. Cardenas, Mrs. Torres, Mr. 
  Jeffries, Mr. Danny K. Davis of Illinois, Mr. Evans, Mr. Payne, Ms. 
   Lee, Mr. David Scott of Georgia, Mr. Hastings, Mr. Schneider, Ms. 
   DeLauro, Mr. McEachin, Mr. Kildee, Mr. Brady of Pennsylvania, Mr. 
Takano, Mr. Sablan, Ms. Hanabusa, Mr. Johnson of Georgia, Mr. Al Green 
   of Texas, Ms. DeGette, Mr. Cleaver, Mrs. Lowey, Mr. Panetta, Mr. 
    Pallone, Mr. Sean Patrick Maloney of New York, Mr. Suozzi, Mr. 
   Sarbanes, Ms. Kelly of Illinois, Mr. DeSaulnier, Ms. DelBene, Ms. 
Matsui, Mr. Thompson of California, Mr. Kind, Mr. Gene Green of Texas, 
  Mr. Kilmer, Mr. Lamb, Ms. Judy Chu of California, Mr. Clyburn, Mr. 
 Foster, Ms. Adams, Mr. Scott of Virginia, Ms. Fudge, Mr. Veasey, Mr. 
Huffman, Ms. Lofgren, Mr. Ruppersberger, Mrs. Davis of California, Mr. 
 Nolan, Mr. O'Halleran, Ms. Michelle Lujan Grisham of New Mexico, Ms. 
 Rosen, Ms. Eshoo, Mrs. Carolyn B. Maloney of New York, Ms. Bordallo, 
   Mr. Lewis of Georgia, Mr. Delaney, Ms. Tsongas, and Ms. Castor of 
   Florida) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the 
Committee on the Judiciary, and in addition to the Committees on Energy 
 and Commerce, Financial Services, Ways and Means, Natural Resources, 
   and Education and the Workforce, for a period to be subsequently 
   determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such 
 provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
 To reauthorize the Violence Against Women Act of 1994, and for other 
                               purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Violence Against 
Women Reauthorization Act of 2018''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Universal definitions and grant conditions.
    TITLE I--ENHANCING JUDICIAL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT TOOLS TO COMBAT 
                         VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

Sec. 101. Stop grants.
Sec. 102. Grants to improve the criminal justice response.
Sec. 103. Legal assistance for victims.
Sec. 104. Grants to support families in the justice system.
Sec. 105. Outreach and services to underserved populations.
Sec. 106. Full faith and credit given to protection orders.
 TITLE II--IMPROVING SERVICES FOR VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING 
                      VIOLENCE, AND SEXUAL ASSAULT

Sec. 201. Sexual assault services program.
Sec. 202. Rural domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
                            stalking, and child abuse enforcement 
                            assistance.
Sec. 203. Training and services to end violence against people with 
                            disabilities grants.
Sec. 204. Training and services to end abuse in later life.
   TITLE III--SERVICES, PROTECTION, AND JUSTICE FOR YOUNG VICTIMS OF 
                                VIOLENCE

Sec. 301. Rape prevention and education grant.
Sec. 302. Creating hope through outreach, options, services, and 
                            education for children and youth.
Sec. 303. Grants to combat violent crimes on campuses.
                 TITLE IV--VIOLENCE REDUCTION PRACTICES

Sec. 401. Study conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and 
                            Prevention.
Sec. 402. Saving Money and Reducing Tragedies through Prevention 
                            grants.
                  TITLE V--HEALTHCARE SYSTEMS RESPONSE

Sec. 501. Grants to strengthen the healthcare systems response to 
                            domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                            assault, and stalking.
                    TITLE VI--SAFE HOMES FOR VICTIMS

Sec. 601. Housing protections for victims of domestic violence, dating 
                            violence, sexual assault, and stalking.
Sec. 602. Administrative and judicial mechanisms.
Sec. 603. Transitional housing assistance grants for child victims of 
                            domestic violence, stalking, or sexual 
                            assault.
Sec. 604. Addressing the housing needs of victims of domestic violence, 
                            dating violence, sexual assault, and 
                            stalking.
                TITLE VII--ECONOMIC SECURITY FOR VICTIMS

Sec. 701. National resource center on workplace responses to assist 
                            victims of domestic and sexual violence.
Sec. 702. Entitlement to unemployment compensation for victims of 
                            sexual or other harassment, domestic 
                            violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
                            or stalking.
Sec. 703. Study and reports on survivors' access to economic security.
Sec. 704. GAO Study.
Sec. 705. Education and information programs for survivors.
Sec. 706. Severability.
       TITLE VIII--REDUCING HOMICIDES AND IMPROVING PUBLIC SAFETY

Sec. 801. Intimate partner and misdemeanor crime of domestic violence 
                            defined.
Sec. 802. Prohibiting persons convicted of stalking from possessing 
                            firearms.
Sec. 803. Unlawful sale of firearm to a person subject to a protection 
                            order.
Sec. 804. Notification to law enforcement agencies of prohibited 
                            purchase or attempted purchase of a 
                            firearm.
Sec. 805. Reporting of background check denials to state, local, and 
                            tribal authorities.
Sec. 806. Special assistant United States Attorneys and cross-deputized 
                            attorneys.
                   TITLE IX--SAFETY FOR INDIAN WOMEN

Sec. 901. Findings and purposes.
Sec. 902. Definitions.
Sec. 903. Improving tribal access to Federal crime information 
                            databases.
Sec. 904. Standardized protocols for responding to cases of missing and 
                            murdered Indians.
Sec. 905. Annual reporting requirements.
Sec. 906. Tribal jurisdiction over crimes of domestic violence, sexual 
                            violence, sex trafficking, stalking, child 
                            violence, and violence against law 
                            enforcement officers.
Sec. 907. Authorizing funding for the tribal access program.
Sec. 908. Criminal trespass on Indian land.
               TITLE X--OFFICE ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

Sec. 1001. Office on Violence Against Women.
                      TITLE XI--INCARCERATED WOMEN

Sec. 1101. Treatment of pregnant women and other individuals in 
                            corrections.
Sec. 1102. Public health and safety of women.
                        TITLE XII--OTHER MATTERS

Sec. 1201. National stalker and domestic violence reduction.
Sec. 1202. Federal victim assistants Reauthorization.
Sec. 1203. Child abuse training programs for judicial personnel and 
                            practitioners.
Sec. 1204. Sex offender management.
Sec. 1205. Court-appointed special advocate program.
Sec. 1206. Rape kit backlog.

SEC. 2. UNIVERSAL DEFINITIONS AND GRANT CONDITIONS.

    Section 40002 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 
12291) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (34) through 
                paragraph (45) as paragraphs (39) through (50);
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (33) the 
                following:
            ``(38) Technological abuse.--The term `technological abuse' 
        means behavior intended to harm, threaten, intimidate, control, 
        stalk, harass, impersonate, or monitor another person, except 
        as otherwise permitted by law, that occurs via the Internet, 
        social networking sites, computers, mobile devices, cellular 
        telephones, apps, location tracking devices, instant messages, 
        text messages, or other forms of technology. Technological 
        abuse may include--
                    ``(A) unwanted, repeated telephone calls, text 
                messages, instant messages, or social media posts;
                    ``(B) non-consensual access of e-mail accounts, 
                texts or instant messaging accounts, social networking 
                accounts, or cellular telephone logs;
                    ``(C) attempting to control or restrict a person's 
                ability to access technology with the intent to isolate 
                them from support and social connection;
                    ``(D) using tracking devices or location tracking 
                software for the purpose of monitoring or stalking 
                another person's location;
                    ``(E) impersonation of a person with the intent to 
                deceive or cause harm through the use of spoofing 
                technology or the creation of fake email or social 
                media accounts; or
                    ``(F) pressuring for or sharing of another person's 
                private information, photographs, or videos without 
                their consent.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (19)(B), by striking ``and 
                probation'' and inserting ``probation , and vacatur or 
                expungement'';
                    (D) by redesignating paragraphs (12) through (33) 
                as paragraphs (16) through (37);
                    (E) by striking paragraph (11) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(13) Digital services.--The term `digital services' means 
        services, resources, information, support or referrals provided 
        through electronic communications platforms and media, whether 
        via mobile phone technology, video technology, or computer 
        technology, including utilizing the internet, as well as any 
        other emerging communications technologies that are appropriate 
        for the purposes of providing services, resources, information, 
        support, or referrals for the benefit of victims of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
            ``(14) Economic abuse.--The term `economic abuse', in the 
        context of domestic violence, dating violence, and abuse in 
        later life, means behavior that is coercive, deceptive, or 
        unreasonably controls or restrains a person's ability to 
        acquire, use, or maintain economic resources to which they are 
        entitled, including--
                    ``(A) restricting access to a person's money, 
                assets, credit, or financial information;
                    ``(B) unfairly using a person's economic resources, 
                including money, assets, and credit, for one's own 
                advantage; or
                    ``(C) exerting undue influence over a person's 
                financial and economic behavior or decisions, including 
                forcing default on joint or other financial 
                obligations, exploiting powers of attorney, 
                guardianship, or conservatorship, or failing or 
                neglecting to act in the best interests of a person to 
                whom one has a fiduciary duty.
            ``(15) Forced marriage.--The term `forced marriage' means a 
        marriage to which one or both parties do not or cannot consent, 
        and in which one or more elements of force, fraud, or coercion 
        is present. Forced marriage can be both a cause and a 
        consequence of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault or stalking.'';
                    (F) by redesignating paragraphs (9) and (10) as 
                paragraphs (11) and (12), respectively;
                    (G) by amending paragraph (8) to read as follows:
            ``(10) Domestic violence.--The term `domestic violence' 
        means a pattern of behavior involving the use or attempted use 
        of physical, sexual, verbal, emotional, economic, or 
        technological abuse or any other coercive behavior committed, 
        enabled, or solicited to gain or maintain power and control 
        over a victim, by a person who--
                    ``(A) is a current or former spouse or dating 
                partner of the victim, or other person similarly 
                situated to a spouse of the victim under the family or 
                domestic violence laws of the jurisdiction;
                    ``(B) is cohabitating with or has cohabitated with 
                the victim as a spouse or dating partner, or other 
                person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim 
                under the family or domestic violence laws of the 
                jurisdiction;
                    ``(C) shares a child in common with the victim;
                    ``(D) is an adult family member of, or paid or 
                nonpaid caregiver for, a victim aged 50 or older or an 
                adult victim with disabilities; or
                    ``(E) commits acts against a youth or adult victim 
                who is protected from the those acts under the family 
                or domestic violence laws of the jurisdiction.''.
                    (H) by redesignating paragraphs (6) and (7) as 
                paragraphs (8) and (9), respectively;
                    (I) by amending paragraph (5) to read as follows:
            ``(7) Court-based and court-related personnel.--The term 
        `court-based personnel' and `court-related personnel' means 
        persons working in the court, whether paid or volunteer, 
        including--
                    ``(A) clerks, special masters, domestic relations 
                officers, administrators, mediators, custody 
                evaluators, guardians ad litem, lawyers, negotiators, 
                probation, parole, interpreters, victim assistants, 
                victim advocates, and judicial, administrative, or any 
                other professionals or personnel similarly involved in 
                the legal process;
                    ``(B) court security personnel;
                    ``(C) personnel working in related, supplementary 
                offices or programs (such as child support 
                enforcement); and
                    ``(D) any other court-based or community-based 
                personnel having responsibilities or authority to 
                address domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, or stalking in the court system.''.
                    (J) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (4) as 
                paragraphs (4) through (6) respectively;
                    (K) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
            ``(3) Alternative justice response.--The term `alternative 
        justice response' means a process, whether court-ordered or 
        community-based, that--
                    ``(A) involves, on a voluntary basis, and to the 
                extent possible, those who have committed a specific 
                offense and those who have been harmed as a result of 
                the offense;
                    ``(B) has the goal of collectively seeking 
                accountability from the accused, and developing a 
                process whereby the accused will take responsibility 
                for his or her actions, and a plan for providing relief 
                to those harmed, through allocution, restitution, 
                community service, or other processes upon which the 
                victim, the accused, the community, and court can 
                agree;
                    ``(C) is conducted in a framework that protects 
                victim safety and supports victim autonomy; and
                    ``(D) provides that information derived from such 
                process may not be used for any other law enforcement 
                purpose, including impeachment or prosecution without 
                the express permission of all participants.''.
                    (L) by redesignating paragraph (1) as paragraph 
                (2); and
                    (M) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as 
                redesignated in subparagraph (L) of this paragraph) the 
                following:
            ``(1) Abuse in later life.--The term `abuse in later life' 
        means willful harm, neglect, abandonment, or economic abuse of 
        an adult over the age of 50 by a person in an ongoing, 
        relationship of trust with the victim, or the sexual assault of 
        an adult over the age of 50 by any person. Self-neglect and 
        harms committed by strangers are not included in this 
        definition. All references to the term `elder abuse' as 
        formerly defined in this section shall be supplanted by the 
        term `abuse in later life'.''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by redesignating subparagraphs (F) and 
                        (G) as subparagraphs (H) and (I);
                            (ii) by inserting after subparagraph (E) 
                        the following:
                    ``(G) Death of the party whose privacy had been 
                protected.--In the event of the death of any victim 
                whose privacy had been protected by this section, the 
                confidentiality requirements as described above will 
                continue to apply, and release of any confidential or 
                protected information will be vested in the next of 
                kin, except that consent for release of the deceased 
                victim's information may not be given by a person who 
                had perpetrated abuse against the deceased victim.'';
                            (iii) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) 
                        through (E) as subparagraphs (E) through (F); 
                        and
                            (iv) by inserting after subparagraph (C) 
                        the following:
                    ``(D) Use of technology.--Grantees and subgrantees 
                may use telephone, internet, and other technologies to 
                protect the privacy, location and help-seeking 
                activities of victims using services. Such technologies 
                may include--
                            ``(i) software, apps or hardware that block 
                        caller ID or IP addresses, including instances 
                        in which victims use digital services; or
                            ``(ii) technologies or protocols that 
                        inhibit or prevent a perpetrator's attempts to 
                        use technology or social media to threaten, 
                        harass or harm the victim, the victim's family, 
                        friends, neighbors or co-workers, or the 
                        program providing services to them.'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by inserting after ``designed 
                to reduce or eliminate domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, and stalking,'' the 
                following: ``provided that the confidentiality and 
                privacy requirements of this title are maintained, and 
                that personally identifying information about adult, 
                youth and child victims of domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault and stalking are not requested 
                or included in any such collaboration or information-
                sharing'';
                    (C) in paragraph (6), by adding at the end the 
                following: ``However, such disbursing agencies must 
                ensure that the confidentiality and privacy 
                requirements of this title are maintained in making 
                such reports, and that personally identifying 
                information about adult, youth and child victims of 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault and 
                stalking are not requested or included in any such 
                reports.'';
                    (D) in paragraph (11), by adding at the end the 
                following: ``The Office on Violence Against Women is 
                encouraged to make all technical assistance available 
                as broadly as possible to any appropriate grantees, 
                subgrantees, potential grantees, or other entities 
                without regard to whether the entity has received 
                funding from the Office on Violence Against Women for a 
                particular program or project.'';
                    (E) in paragraph (12), by striking ``(42 U.S.C. 
                3796gg-6(d))'' and inserting ``(34 U.S.C. 20121(d))'';
                    (F) in paragraph (13)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by inserting after 
                        ``the Violence Against Women Reauthorization 
                        Act of 2013'' the following: ``(Public Law 113-
                        4; 127 Stat. 54)''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                        ``section 3789d of title 42, United States 
                        Code'' and inserting ``section 809 of title I 
                        of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets 
                        Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10228)'';
                    (G) in paragraph (14), by inserting after ``are 
                also victims of'' the following: ``forced marriage, 
                or''; and
                    (H) in paragraph (16)(C)(i), by striking 
                ``$20,000'' and inserting ``$100,000''.

    TITLE I--ENHANCING JUDICIAL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT TOOLS TO COMBAT 
                         VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

SEC. 101. STOP GRANTS.

    (a) In General.--Part T of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and 
Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10441 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) in section 2001(b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (9)--
                            (i) by striking ``older and disabled 
                        women'' and inserting ``people 50 years of age 
                        or over and people with disabilities''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``older and disabled 
                        individuals'' and inserting ``people'';
                    (B) in paragraph (19), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (C) in paragraph (20), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (20), the 
                following:
            ``(21) developing and implementing policies, procedures, 
        protocols, laws, regulations, or training to ensure the 
        relinquishment of a dangerous weapon possessed by an individual 
        to a law enforcement officer, in order to enhance victim and 
        community safety, in the case that the individual--
                    ``(A)(i) is subject to a protective or other 
                restraining order issued by a Federal, State, tribal, 
                or local court; or
                            ``(ii) has been convicted of a misdemeanor 
                        or felony crime of domestic violence, dating 
                        violence, sexual assault, or stalking in a 
                        Federal, State, tribal, or local court; and
                    ``(B) the court has ordered the individual to 
                relinquish dangerous weapons that the individual 
                illegally possesses or has used in the commission of a 
                crime described in subparagraph (A)(ii),
        which policies, procedures, protocols, laws, regulations, or 
        training include the safest means of recovery of, and best 
        practices for storage of, relinquished and recovered dangerous 
        weapons and their return, when applicable, at such time as the 
        individual is no longer prohibited from possessing such weapons 
        under Federal, State, or tribal law, or posted local 
        ordinances.'';
            (2) in section 2007--
                    (A) in subsection (d)--
                            (i) by redesignating paragraphs (5) and (6) 
                        as paragraphs (8) and (9), respectively; and
                            (ii) by inserting after paragraph (4) the 
                        following:
            ``(5) proof of compliance with the requirements regarding 
        protocols to strongly discourage compelling victim testimony, 
        described in section 2017;
            ``(6) proof of compliance with the requirements regarding 
        law enforcement to improve community safety under section 2018;
            ``(7) proof of compliance with the requirements regarding 
        civil rights under section 40002(b)(13) of the Violent Crime 
        Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994;''.
                    (B) in subsection (i)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by inserting before 
                        the semicolon at the end the following: ``and 
                        the requirements under section 40002(b) of the 
                        Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act 
                        of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12291(b))''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2)(C)(iv), by inserting 
                        after ``ethnicity,'' the following: ``sexual 
                        orientation, gender identity,'';
            (3) by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 2017. GRANT ELIGIBILITY REGARDING COMPELLING VICTIM TESTIMONY.

    ``In order to be eligible for a grant under this part, a State, 
Indian tribal government, territorial government, or unit of local 
government shall certify that, not later than March 7, 2022, their 
laws, policies, or practices will ensure--
            ``(1) that the use of bench warrants, material witness 
        warrants, perjury charges, or other means of compelling victim-
        witness testimony in the investigation, prosecution, trial, or 
        sentencing of a crime related to the domestic violence, sexual 
        assault, dating violence or stalking of the victim, is 
        discouraged; and
            ``(2) that the surrender, removal, and storage of firearms 
        and ammunition from persons prohibited from possessing firearms 
        under paragraphs (8) or (9) of section 922(g) of title 18, 
        United States Code, State law, tribal law, or local ordinance, 
        is carried out in a manner to ensure victim and community 
        safety.

``SEC. 2018. GRANT ELIGIBILITY REGARDING LAW ENFORCEMENT IMPROVEMENT OF 
              COMMUNITY SAFETY.

    ``In order to be eligible for grants under this subchapter, a 
State, Indian tribal government, territorial government, or unit of 
local government shall certify that, not later than March 7, 2022, 
their laws, policies, or practices will include a detailed protocol 
regarding the surrender, removal and storage of firearms and ammunition 
from persons prohibited from possessing firearms or ammunition under 
paragraph (8) or (9) of section 922 of title 18, United States Code, or 
under State law, tribal law, or local posted ordinance.''.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 1001(a)(18) of the 
Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 
10261(a)(18)) is amended by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and 
inserting ``2019 through 2023''.

SEC. 102. GRANTS TO IMPROVE THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE RESPONSE.

    (a) In General.--Section 2101 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe 
Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10461) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``proarrest'' and 
                inserting ``offender accountability and homicide 
                reduction'';
                    (B) in paragraph (8)--
                            (i) by inserting after ``instances of'' the 
                        following: ``abuse in later life,'';
                            (ii) by striking ``older individuals (as 
                        defined in section 102 of the Older Americans 
                        Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3002))'' and inserting 
                        ``people 50 years of age or over''; and
                            (iii) by striking ``individuals with 
                        disabilities (as defined in section 3(2) of the 
                        Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 
                        U.S.C. 12102(2)))'' and inserting ``people with 
                        disabilities (as defined in section 3(2) of the 
                        Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 
                        U.S.C. 12102(2)))'';
                    (C) in paragraph (19), by inserting before the 
                period at the end the following ``, including 
                underserved victims''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(23) To develop and implement an alternative justice 
        response that is focused on victim autonomy and agency, 
        accountability of the accused to community and the victim, and 
        community, survivor, and law enforcement safety in order to 
        secure accountability and provide resolution and restitution 
        for the victim, and which--
                    ``(A) provides that a victim's participation in 
                such a response is voluntary;
                    ``(B) consists of a framework, whether court or 
                community initiated, that protects victim safety and 
                supports victim autonomy throughout the process; and
                    ``(C) provides that any information derived from 
                such process may not be used for any other law 
                enforcement purpose, including impeachment or 
                prosecution without the express permission of all 
                participants.
            ``(24) To carry out policies, procedures, protocols, laws, 
        or regulations intended to enhance victim and community safety 
        in relation to the surrender, removal, and storage of firearms 
        and ammunition from persons prohibited from possessing firearms 
        under paragraphs (8) or (9) of section 922(g) of title 18, 
        United States Code, State law, tribal law, or local 
        ordinance.''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) in clause (i), by striking ``encourage 
                        or mandate arrests of domestic violence 
                        offenders'' and inserting ``encourage arrests 
                        of offenders''; and
                            (ii) in clause (ii), by striking 
                        ``encourage or mandate arrest of domestic 
                        violence offenders'' and inserting ``encourage 
                        arrest of offenders'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end; and
                    (C) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the 
                following:
                    ``(F) certify that, not later than 3 years after 
                the date of the enactment of the Violence Against Women 
                Reauthorization Act of 2018, their laws, policies, or 
                practices will ensure that the use of bench warrants, 
                material witness warrants, perjury charges, or other 
                means of compelling victim-witness testimony in the 
                investigation, prosecution, trial, or sentencing of a 
                crime related to the domestic violence, sexual assault, 
                dating violence or stalking of the victim, is 
                discouraged; and
                    ``(G) certify that, not later than 3 years after 
                the date of the enactment of the Violence Against Women 
                Reauthorization Act of 2018, their laws, policies, or 
                practices will ensure that the surrender, removal, and 
                storage of firearms and ammunition from persons 
                prohibited from possessing firearms under paragraphs 
                (8) or (9) of section 922(g) of title 18, United States 
                Code, State law, tribal law, or local ordinance is 
                carried out in a manner to ensure victim and community 
                safety; and''.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 1001(a)(19) of the 
Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 
10261(a)(19)) is amended by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and 
inserting ``2019 through 2023''.

SEC. 103. LEGAL ASSISTANCE FOR VICTIMS.

    Section 1201 of division B of the Victims of Trafficking and 
Violence Protection Act of 2000 (34 U.S.C. 20121) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting after ``no cost to the 
        victims'' the following: ``, or to provide such legal 
        assistance to a dependant of such a victim''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' 
        and inserting ``2019 through 2023''.

SEC. 104. GRANTS TO SUPPORT FAMILIES IN THE JUSTICE SYSTEM.

    Section 1301 of division B of the Victims of Trafficking and 
Violence Protection Act of 2000 (34 U.S.C. 12464) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (7), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in paragraph (8)--
                            (i) by striking ``to improve'' and 
                        inserting ``improve''; and
                            (ii) by striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting a semicolon; and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (8) the following:
            ``(9) develop and implement an alternative justice response 
        that is focused on victim autonomy and agency, accountability 
        of the accused to community and the victim, and community, 
        survivor, and law enforcement safety in order to secure 
        accountability and provide resolution and restitution for the 
        victim, and which--
                    ``(A) provides that a victim's participation in 
                such a response is voluntary;
                    ``(B) consists of a framework, whether court or 
                community initiated, that protects victim safety and 
                supports victim autonomy throughout the process; and
                    ``(C) provides that any information derived from 
                such process may not be used for any other law 
                enforcement purpose, including impeachment or 
                prosecution without the express permission of all 
                participants; and
            ``(10) developing and implementing policies, procedures, 
        protocols, laws, or regulations intended to enhance victim and 
        community safety in relation to the surrender, removal and 
        storage of firearms and ammunition from persons prohibited from 
        possessing firearms or ammunition under paragraph (8) or (9) of 
        section 922(g) of title 18, United States Code, or under State 
        law, tribal law, or local posted ordinance.''; and
            (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' 
        and inserting ``2019 through 2023''.

SEC. 105. OUTREACH AND SERVICES TO UNDERSERVED POPULATIONS.

    Section 120(g) of the Violence Against Women and Department of 
Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005 (34 U.S.C. 20123(g)) is amended by 
striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``2019 through 2023''.

SEC. 106. FULL FAITH AND CREDIT GIVEN TO PROTECTION ORDERS.

    Section 2265(d)(3) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following: ``The prohibition under this paragraph 
applies to all protection orders in a State, territorial, or tribal 
jurisdiction, whether or not the protection order was issued by that 
State, territory, or tribal jurisdiction.''.

 TITLE II--IMPROVING SERVICES FOR VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING 
                      VIOLENCE, AND SEXUAL ASSAULT

SEC. 201. SEXUAL ASSAULT SERVICES PROGRAM.

    Section 41601(f)(1) of the Violent Crime Control and Law 
Enforcement Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12511(f)(1)) is amended by striking 
``2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``2019 through 2023''.

SEC. 202. RURAL DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, 
              STALKING, AND CHILD ABUSE ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE.

    Section 40295 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act 
of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12341) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(3), by striking ``women and 
        children'' and inserting ``children, youths, and adults''; and
            (2) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' 
        and inserting ``2019 through 2023''.

SEC. 203. TRAINING AND SERVICES TO END VIOLENCE AGAINST PEOPLE WITH 
              DISABILITIES GRANTS.

    Section 1402 of division B of the Victims of Trafficking and 
Violence Protection Act of 2000 (34 U.S.C. 20122) is amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``women'' and inserting 
        ``people'';
            (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``individuals'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``people'';
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``disabled individuals'' each place 
                it appears and inserting ``people with disabilities'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by inserting after ``law 
                enforcement'' the following: ``and other first 
                responders''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (8), by striking ``providing 
                advocacy and intervention services within'' and 
                inserting ``to enhance the capacity of'';
            (4) in subsection (c), by striking ``disabled individuals'' 
        and inserting ``people with disabilities''; and
            (5) in subsection (e), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' 
        and inserting ``2019 through 2023''.

SEC. 204. TRAINING AND SERVICES TO END ABUSE IN LATER LIFE.

    Section 40801 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act 
of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12421)--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``enhanced training'' and 
        inserting ``training'';
            (2) by striking subsection (a);
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``stalking, exploitation, 
                        or neglect'' each place it appears and 
                        inserting ``or stalking'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) in clause (i), by striking 
                                ``elder abuse'' and inserting ``abuse 
                                in later life''; and
                                    (II) in clause (iv), by striking 
                                ``and courts'' and inserting ``courts, 
                                and other professionals who may 
                                identify or respond to abuse in later 
                                life''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (B)(i), by striking 
                        ``or other community-based organizations'' and 
                        inserting ``community-based organizations, or 
                        other professionals who may identify or respond 
                        to abuse in later life'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``over 
                        50 years of age'' and inserting ``50 years of 
                        age or over''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``in 
                        later life'' and inserting ``50 years of age or 
                        over''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (5), by striking ``2014 through 
                2018'' and inserting ``2019 through 2023''.

   TITLE III--SERVICES, PROTECTION, AND JUSTICE FOR YOUNG VICTIMS OF 
                                VIOLENCE

SEC. 301. RAPE PREVENTION AND EDUCATION GRANT.

    Section 393A of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 280b-1b) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by inserting before the 
                semicolon at the end the following ``or other digital 
                services''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (7), by striking ``sexual 
                assault'' and inserting ``sexual violence, including 
                sexual assault and sexual harassment'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``Indian tribal'' and 
        inserting ``Indian Tribal''; and
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``$50,000,000 for 
                each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' and inserting 
                ``$150,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 
                2023''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Formula grants.--Of the total amount made available 
        under this subsection in each fiscal year, not less than 80 
        percent shall be available for formula grants to States for the 
        purpose of State and local rape prevention activities.''.

SEC. 302. CREATING HOPE THROUGH OUTREACH, OPTIONS, SERVICES, AND 
              EDUCATION FOR CHILDREN AND YOUTH.

    Section 41201 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act 
of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12451) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``stalking, or sex trafficking'' 
                and inserting ``or stalking''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following: ``Grants 
                awarded under this section may be used to address sex 
                trafficking or bullying as part of a comprehensive 
                program focused primarily on domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, or stalking.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by inserting after ``target youth,'' 
                        the following: ``, including youth in 
                        underserved communities,'';
                            (ii) by striking ``stalking, and sex 
                        trafficking'' each place it appears and 
                        inserting ``and stalking'';
                            (iii) by striking ``stalking, or sex 
                        trafficking'' each place it appears and 
                        inserting ``or stalking'';
                            (iv) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``or'' at the end;
                            (v) in subparagraph (C), by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting ``; or''; and
                            (vi) by inserting after subparagraph (C) 
                        the following:
                    ``(D) clarify State or local mandatory reporting 
                policies and practices regarding peer-to-peer dating 
                violence, sexual assault, and stalking.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``stalking, or sex 
                        trafficking'' each place it appears and 
                        inserting ``or stalking'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C), by inserting 
                        ``confidential'' before ``support services'';
                            (iii) in subparagraph (D), by striking 
                        ``stalking, and sex trafficking'' and inserting 
                        ``and stalking''; and
                            (iv) in subparagraph (E), by inserting 
                        after ``programming for youth'' the following: 
                        ``, including youth in underserved 
                        communities,'';
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``stalking, or 
                sex trafficking'' and inserting ``or stalking''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``paragraph (1)'' 
                and inserting ``subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph 
                (1)'';
            (4) in subsection (d), by striking ``stalking, and sex 
        trafficking'' and inserting ``and stalking, including training 
        on working with youth in underserved communities''; and
            (5) in subsection (f), by striking ``$15,000,000 for each 
        of fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``$25,000,000 
        for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023''.

SEC. 303. GRANTS TO COMBAT VIOLENT CRIMES ON CAMPUSES.

    Section 304 of the Violence Against Women and Department of Justice 
Reauthorization Act of 2005 (34 U.S.C. 20125) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking the second 
                sentence;
                    (B) by amending paragraph (3) to read as follows:
            ``(3) To provide prevention and education programming about 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
        stalking, including technological abuse and reproductive and 
        sexual coercion, for students, that is age-appropriate, 
        culturally relevant, delivered in multiple venues on campus, 
        accessible, develops approaches to promote social norms 
        changes, and engages men and boys in preventing domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking, with 
        the goal of developing respectful, nonviolent behavior. Such 
        programming should be developed in partnership or 
        collaboratively with experts in sexual violence prevention and 
        intervention.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (9), by striking ``and provide'' 
                and inserting ``, provide, and disseminate'';
                    (D) in paragraph (10), by inserting after ``or 
                adapt'' the following ``and disseminate''; and
                    (E) by inserting after paragraph (10) the 
                following:
            ``(11) To train campus health centers on how to recognize 
        and respond to domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, and stalking, including training health providers on 
        how to provide universal education to all members of the campus 
        community on the impacts of violence on health and unhealthy 
        relationships and how providers can support ongoing outreach 
        efforts.'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(3), by striking ``fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018'' and inserting ``2019 through 2023'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3)(B), by striking ``for all 
                incoming students'' and inserting ``for all students''; 
                and
                    (B) in paragraph (4)(C), by inserting after 
                ``sex,'' the following: ``sexual orientation, gender 
                identity,''; and
            (4) in subsection (e), by striking ``$12,000,000 for each 
        of fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``$16,000,000 
        for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023''.

                 TITLE IV--VIOLENCE REDUCTION PRACTICES

SEC. 401. STUDY CONDUCTED BY THE CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND 
              PREVENTION.

    Section 402 of the Violence Against Women and Department of Justice 
Reauthorization Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 280b-4) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``violence against 
        women'' and inserting ``violence against adults, youth,''; and
            (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' 
        and inserting ``2018 through 2023''.

SEC. 402. SAVING MONEY AND REDUCING TRAGEDIES THROUGH PREVENTION 
              GRANTS.

    Section 41303 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 
12463) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) strategies within each of these areas 
                addressing underserved communities.'';
            (2) in subsection (d)(3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) include a significant focus on underserved 
                populations.'';
            (3) in subsection (f), by striking ``$15,000,000 for each 
        of fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``$45,000,000 
        for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023''; and
            (4) in subsection (g), by inserting ``, with remaining 
        funds available to be distributed to any of the purposes or a 
        comprehensive project addressing more than one purpose area'' 
        before the period at the end.

                  TITLE V--HEALTHCARE SYSTEMS RESPONSE

SEC. 501. GRANTS TO STRENGTHEN THE HEALTHCARE SYSTEMS RESPONSE TO 
              DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, AND 
              STALKING.

    Section 399P of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 280g-4) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) implementation of training programs to improve the 
        capacity of early childhood programs to address domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking among 
        families they serve.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B)(ii)--
                            (i) by striking ``on site access to''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``to model other services 
                        appropriate to the geographic and cultural 
                        needs of a site'' and inserting ``by providing 
                        funding to state domestic and sexual violence 
                        coalitions to improve their capacity to 
                        coordinate and support health advocates and 
                        other health system partnerships'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)(iv)--
                            (i) by adding before the period at the end 
                        the following: ``, with priority given to 
                        programs administered through the Health 
                        Resources and Services Administration, Office 
                        of Women's Health'';
            (3) in subsection (b)(2)(A)--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``Child and elder 
                abuse'' and inserting the following: ``Child abuse and 
                abuse in later life''; and
                    (B) by striking ``child or elder abuse'' and 
                inserting the following: ``child abuse or abuse in 
                later life'';
            (4) in subsection (b)(2)(C)(i), by striking ``elder abuse'' 
        and inserting ``abuse in later life''; and
            (5) in subsection (g), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' 
        and inserting ``2018 through 2023''.

                    TITLE VI--SAFE HOMES FOR VICTIMS

SEC. 601. HOUSING PROTECTIONS FOR VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING 
              VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, AND STALKING.

    Section 41411 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 
12491) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``brother, 
                sister,'' and inserting ``sibling,''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by inserting 
                        before the semicolon at the end the following: 
                        ``including the direct loan program under such 
                        section'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (D), by striking 
                        ``subtitle A'' and inserting ``subtitles B 
                        through F'';
                            (iii) in subparagraph (I), by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                            (iv) in subparagraph (J) by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting a semicolon; 
                        and
                            (v) by inserting after subparagraph (J) the 
                        following:
                    ``(K) the program under section 1010 of the Housing 
                and Urban Development Act of 1965;
                    ``(L) the Housing Trust Fund established under 
                section 1338 of the Federal Housing Enterprises 
                Financial Safety and Soundness Act of 1992; and
                    ``(M) such other federal housing programs or 
                federally subsidized units providing affordable housing 
                to low-income persons by means of restricted rents or 
                rental assistance as identified by the appropriate 
                agency.''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by striking ``No person'' and inserting 
                        the following:
                            ``(i) In general.--No person''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(ii) Limitation on termination.--No 
                        person may terminate assistance, tenancy, or 
                        occupancy rights to housing assisted under a 
                        covered housing program to a tenant solely on 
                        the basis of criminal activity, including drug-
                        related criminal activity, engaged in by the 
                        perpetrator of the domestic violence, dating 
                        violence, sexual assault, or stalking, if the 
                        tenant or an affiliated individual of the 
                        tenant seeks an emergency transfer, 
                        bifurcation, or pursues other means to exclude 
                        the perpetrator from the assisted housing.'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) in clause (i), by inserting after ``a 
                        public housing agency'' the following: ``, 
                        participating jurisdictions, Continuums of 
                        Care, grantees,'';
                            (ii) in clause (ii), by inserting after 
                        ``public housing agency'' each place it appears 
                        the following: ``, participating jurisdictions, 
                        Continuums of Care, grantees,'';
                    (C) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as 
                subparagraph (E); and
                    (D) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the 
                following:
                    ``(C) Victim housing protection.--If a family 
                break-up results from an occurrence of domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking, 
                the covered housing provider must ensure that the 
                victim retains the assistance.
                    ``(D) Early termination.--A public housing agency, 
                participating jurisdictions, Continuums of Care, 
                grantees, or owner or manager of housing assisted under 
                a covered housing program must permit a tenant assisted 
                under a covered housing program to terminate the lease 
                early, without penalty, if the tenant has been a victim 
                of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
                or stalking and the tenant--
                            ``(i) expressly sends notice of the early 
                        lease termination in writing; and
                            ``(ii)(I) the tenant reasonably believes 
                        that the tenant is threatened with imminent 
                        harm from further violence if the tenant 
                        remains within the same dwelling unit subject 
                        to the lease; or
                            ``(II) in the case of a tenant who is a 
                        victim of sexual assault, the sexual assault 
                        occurred on the premises during the 90 day 
                        period preceding the request for lease 
                        termination. The lease shall terminate as of 
                        the date of lease termination stated in the 
                        notice.'';
            (3) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``a model emergency'' and 
                        inserting ``an emergency'';
                            (ii) by inserting after ``public housing 
                        agencies'' the following: ``, participating 
                        jurisdictions, Continuums of Care, grantees,''; 
                        and
                            (iii) by striking ``under covered housing 
                        programs that'' and inserting ``under covered 
                        housing programs. Covered housing providers 
                        shall adopt policies that'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``allows'' and 
                                inserting ``allow''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``transfer to 
                                another available and safe dwelling 
                                unit assisted under a covered housing 
                                program if'' and inserting the 
                                following: ``make external and internal 
                                transfers to another available and safe 
                                dwelling unit assisted under a the same 
                                or different covered housing program, 
                                whether or not the dwelling unit is 
                                owned or managed by the covered housing 
                                provider if''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                    (C) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``reasonable'' before 
                        ``confidentiality measures'';
                            (ii) by inserting after ``public housing 
                        agency'' the following: ``, participating 
                        jurisdictions, Continuums of Care, grantees,''; 
                        and
                            (iii) by striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting a semicolon; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) make internal and external emergency transfers, in 
        coordination with local Continuums of Care, mandatory for 
        housing providers;
            ``(4) provide that internal and external emergency 
        transfers take priority over all other emergency transfers 
        except for emergency transfers due to reasonable accommodation 
        requests and other emergency health and safety needs;
            ``(5) provide that internal and external emergency 
        transfers take priority over other individuals on waiting 
        lists;
            ``(6) permit covered housing providers, if a transfer unit 
        is not immediately available, to transfer, on a temporary 
        basis, tenants to non-covered housing while a permanent 
        internal or external transfer unit is available;
            ``(7) require that tenants moved on a temporary basis to 
        non-covered housing until a permanent internal or external 
        transfer unit is available retains all of the assistance and 
        benefits of their covered housing program; and
            ``(8) incorporates an external emergency transfer protocol 
        to other covered housing programs within the geographic area of 
        the local Continuum of Care.
Tenants who are not in good standing may still request an emergency 
transfer if they meet the eligibility requirements in this section.'';
            (4) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (j); and
            (5) by inserting after subsection (f) the following:
    ``(g) Memoranda of Understanding.--The local Continuum of Care 
shall develop memoranda of understanding between all covered housing 
programs within their territorial reach. The local Continuum of Care 
shall facilitate emergency transfers between covered housing providers 
within its geographic area and to housing providers within neighboring 
Continua of Care.
    ``(h) Emergency Transfer Vouchers.--Provision of emergency transfer 
vouchers to victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
assault, or stalking under subsection (f), shall be considered an 
eligible use of any funding for tenant protections that is provided 
under the Tenant-Based Rental Assistance account of any Appropriations 
Act providing such tenant funding, and the Secretary shall provide a 
set-aside of at least $20,000,000 to be made available for 3,000 tenant 
protection vouchers for victims of domestic violence, dating violence, 
sexual assault, or stalking who require an emergency transfer from 
their current assisted housing. The Secretary, to the maximum extent 
practicable, shall authorize public housing authorities to set-aside up 
to 20 percent of their Housing Choice Voucher funding to provide to 
domestic violence and sexual assault programs in order to assist 
victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
stalking with a requested emergency transfer under subsection (e) of 
Section 42 U.S.C.A. Sec.  14043(e)-11.
    ``(i) Final Regulations.--The head of each appropriate agency shall 
issue final regulations to carry out this section not later than 180 
days after the date of the enactment of the Violence Against Women 
Reauthorization Act of 2018. Notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, no rule or regulation pursuant to this chapter may become 
effective unless it has first been published for public comment in the 
Federal Register for at least 60 days, and published in final form for 
at least 30 days.''.

SEC. 602. ADMINISTRATIVE AND JUDICIAL MECHANISMS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter N of subtitle N of title IV of the 
Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12491 et seq.) is amended 
by inserting after section 41411 the following:

``SEC. 41412. ADMINISTRATIVE ENFORCEMENT AND ENFORCEMENT BY SECRETARY, 
              ATTORNEY GENERAL, AND BY PRIVATE PERSONS.

    ``(a) In General.--A person who claims to have been injured by a 
violation of the provisions of this chapter and subsequent amendments, 
and as subsequently amended, or who believes that such person will be 
injured by a violation that is about to occur, shall be deemed an 
`aggrieved person' and the alleged violation shall be deemed an 
`alleged discriminatory housing practice' for the purposes of sections 
810 through 814 of the Fair Housing Act. The Secretary of Housing and 
Urban Development, the Attorney General, and any aggrieved person shall 
be provided the powers, remedies, and procedures set forth in such 
sections in enforcing one or more provision of section 41411 of this 
Act.
    ``(b) Definitions.--For the purposes of this chapter the 
definitions set forth in section 802 of the Fair Housing Act shall 
apply.
    ``(c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section is intended to 
limit a person's right to pursue any other remedy or civil action 
concerning a violation of section 41411.

``SEC. 41413. DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT VIOLENCE 
              AGAINST WOMEN DIRECTOR.

    ``(a) Establishment.--There is established within the Department of 
Housing and Urban Development a Violence Against Women Director.
    ``(b) Duties.--The Violence Against Women Director shall--
            ``(1) support enforcement and implementation of the 
        provisions of this chapter;
            ``(2) coordinate development of Federal regulations, 
        policy, protocols, and guidelines on matters relating to the 
        implementation of this chapter at each appropriate agency 
        administering a covered housing program:
            ``(3) coordinate and oversee the development and 
        establishment of an administrative complaint process in which 
        any person adversely impacted by a violation of this chapter 
        can file a complaint within the responsible agency;
            ``(4) advise designated officials within the United States 
        Interagency Council on Homelessness, Department of Housing and 
        Urban Development, Department of the Treasury, the Department 
        of Agriculture, and the Department of Justice concerning 
        legislation, implementation, and other issues relating to or 
        affecting the housing provisions under this chapter;
            ``(5) provide technical assistance, coordination, and 
        support to each appropriate agency administering a covered 
        housing program subject to this chapter regarding advancing 
        housing protections and access to housing for victims of 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
        stalking, including, but not limited to, compliance with this 
        chapter;
            ``(6) ensure that adequate technical assistance is made 
        available to owners, managers, and public housing agencies that 
        participate in covered housing programs regarding 
        implementation of this chapter, as well as other issues related 
        to advancing housing protections for victims of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking, 
        including, but not limited to, compliance with this chapter; 
        and
            ``(7) act as a liaison with the judicial branches of 
        Federal, State, and local governments on matters relating to 
        the housing needs of victims of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, and stalking.

``SEC. 41414. DATA COLLECTION AND OVERSIGHT.

    ``(a) In General.--The Assistant Secretary for Fair Housing and 
Equal Opportunity shall collect and track complaints alleging 
violations of this chapter, utilizing the current avenues by which the 
Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity obtains complaints 
alleging violations of the Fair Housing Act, and other statutes the 
Secretary has the authority to enforce.
    ``(b) Publication of Information.--On an annual basis, the 
Assistant Secretary for Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity shall 
publish and make publicly available information about complaints 
alleging violations of this chapter and the resolution of such 
complaints. In making this information available to the public, the 
Assistant Secretary shall include the following:
            ``(1) The total number of complaints, as well as number of 
        complaints by HUD region, and how such complaints have been 
        resolved, if at all.
            ``(2) The types of covered housing programs involved.
            ``(3) The domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, and stalking offenses involved.
            ``(4) Reported incidents of retaliation (including the 
        actual or threatened denial or termination of tenancy) against 
        victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
        or stalking for their status as victims, or for asserting their 
        rights under this Act.
            ``(5) Categorizations of alleged violations of this 
        chapter, including--
                    ``(A) the denial of assistance, tenancy, or 
                occupancy rights to housing assisted under a covered 
                housing program to a tenant or applicant on the basis 
                that the applicant or tenant is or has been a victim of 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                stalking;
                    ``(B) violation by a covered housing provider of 
                confidentiality provisions;
                    ``(C) failure by a covered housing provider to 
                follow the notification requirements as outlined in 
                this chapter;
                    ``(D) refusal to accept documentation as outlined 
                in this chapter; and
                    ``(E) failure to comply with emergency transfer 
                requirements.
    ``(c) Publication of Methods of Collection.--The Assistant 
Secretary for Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity shall publicize the 
collection, tracking, and resolution of complaints alleging violations 
of this chapter, including the use of the Department of Housing and 
Urban Development website and telephone lines.

``SEC. 41415. PROHIBITION ON RETALIATION.

    ``(a) In General.--No appropriate agency shall discriminate against 
any person because that person has opposed any act or practice made 
unlawful by this part, or because that individual made a charge, 
testified, assisted, or participated in any manner in an investigation, 
proceeding, or hearing under this chapter or this part.
    ``(b) Coercion Prohibited.--No appropriate agency shall coerce, 
intimidate, threaten, or interfere with any person in the exercise or 
enjoyment of, or on account of the person having exercised or enjoyed, 
or on account of the person having aided or encouraged any other 
individual in the exercise or enjoyment of, any rights or protections 
under this chapter.
    ``(c) Specifically Included Conduct.--Illustrations of conduct 
prohibited by this section include the following:
            ``(1) Coercing an individual to deny or limit the benefits, 
        services, or advantages to which the person is entitled under 
        this chapter or this part.
            ``(2) Threatening, intimidating, or interfering with any 
        victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
        and stalking who is protections under this chapter.
            ``(3) Intimidating or threatening any person because that 
        person is assisting or encouraging an individual or group 
        entitled to claim the rights or protections under this chapter 
        or this part to exercise those rights or protections.
            ``(4) Retaliating against any person because that person 
        has participated in any investigation or action to enforce this 
        chapter or this part.
            ``(5) Any other similar behavior or activity as determined 
        by the Secretary.

``SEC. 41416. RIGHT TO REPORT CRIME AND EMERGENCIES FROM ONE'S HOME.

    ``(a) In General.--Landlords, homeowners, residents and occupants, 
guests, and housing applicants shall have the right to seek law 
enforcement or emergency assistance on their own behalf or on behalf of 
another person in need of assistance, and shall not be penalized based 
on their requests for assistance or based on criminal activity of which 
they are a victim under statutes, ordinances, regulations, or policies 
adopted or enforced by governmental entities that are direct recipients 
or sub-recipients of the funding specified in subsection (b). Penalties 
that are prohibited include: actual or threatened assessment of 
penalties, fees, or fines; actual or threatened eviction; actual or 
threatened refusal to rent or renew tenancy; actual or threatened 
refusal to issue an occupancy permit or landlord permit; actual or 
threatened closure of the property.
    ``(b) Definition.--The term `covered governmental entities' means 
local and State governments receiving funding pursuant to section 106 
of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5306).
    ``(c) Requirements for Covered Government Entities.--Consistent 
with the process provided for in section 104(b) of the Housing and 
Community Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5304(b)), covered 
governmental entities shall--
            ``(1) report any of their laws or policies that impose 
        penalties on landlords, homeowners, residents, occupants, 
        guests, or housing applicants based on criminal activity 
        occurring at a property; and
            ``(2) certify that they are in compliance with the 
        protections contained herein or describe the steps they will 
        take within 180 days to come into compliance.
    ``(d) Use of Funds From Existing Programs.--Covered governmental 
entities may seek to use funds from grants authorized pursuant to 
sections 501(a), 1701(b), and 2101(b) of title I of the Omnibus Crime 
Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10152(a), 10381(b), and 
10461(b)), in order to develop and implement alternative methods for 
reducing crime in communities instead of laws, programs, or policies 
that impose penalties based on requests for law enforcement or 
emergency assistance or impose penalties on victims of crime, including 
domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking, 
because criminal activity occurred at a property. Oversight and 
accountability mechanisms provided for under title VIII of the Civil 
Rights Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3601 et seq.) shall be available to 
address violations of this section.''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for such Act is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 41411 the 
following:

``Sec. 41412. Administrative enforcement and enforcement by Secretary, 
                            Attorney General, and by private persons.
``Sec. 41413. Department of Housing and Urban Development Violence 
                            Against Women Director.
``Sec. 41414. Data collection and oversight.
``Sec. 41415. Prohibition on retaliation.
``Sec. 41416. Right to report crime and emergencies from one's home.''.

SEC. 603. TRANSITIONAL HOUSING ASSISTANCE GRANTS FOR CHILD VICTIMS OF 
              DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, STALKING, OR SEXUAL ASSAULT.

    Section 40299 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 
12351) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``the Director of the Violence 
                Against Women Office'' and inserting ``the Director of 
                the Office on Violence Against Women''; and
                    (B) by inserting after ``, other nonprofit, 
                nongovernmental organizations'' the following: ``, 
                population-specific organizations''; and
            (2) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2014 through 
                2018'' and inserting ``2018 through 2023''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``5 percent'' and 
                inserting ``8 percent''.

SEC. 604. ADDRESSING THE HOUSING NEEDS OF VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, 
              DATING VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, AND STALKING.

    (a) McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Grants.--Section 423(a) of 
the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11383(a)) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (6), by inserting after ``currently 
        residing in permanent housing,'' the following: ``who are 
        seeking an external emergency transfer pursuant to section 
        41411 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994,''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(13) Facilitating and coordinating activities to ensure 
        compliance with section 41411(e) of the Violence Against Women 
        Act of 1994, including development of external emergency 
        transfer memoranda of understanding between covered housing 
        providers, facilitation of external emergency transfers, and 
        monitoring compliance with the confidentiality protections of 
        section 41411(c)(4) of the Violence Against Women Act of 
        1994.''.
    (b) Allocation of Amounts and Incentives for Specific Eligible 
Activities.--Section 428 of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act 
(42 U.S.C. 11386b) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Development of supportive services and coordination 
        regarding emergency transfers.--The Secretary shall provide 
        bonuses or other incentives to geographic areas for developing 
        supportive services under section 423(a)(6) and facilitating 
        and coordinating activities for emergency transfers under 
        section 423(a)(13) that have been proven to be effective at 
        reducing homelessness among victims of domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Minimum Allocation for Monitoring and Facilitating 
Compliance.--From the amounts made available to carry out this part for 
a fiscal year, a portion equal to not less than 5 percent of the sums 
made available to carry out part B and this part shall be made 
available to monitor and facilitate compliance with section 41411 of 
the Violence Against Women Act of 1994, including supportive services 
under section 423(a)(6) and facilitation and coordination activities 
under section 423(a)(13).''.
    (c) Collaborative Grants To Increase the Long-Term Stability of 
Victims.--Section 41404(i) of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 
(34 U.S.C. 12474(i)) is amended by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and 
inserting ``2018 through 2023''.
    (d) Grants To Combat Violence Against Women in Public and Assisted 
Housing.--Section 41405 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (34 
U.S.C. 12475) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``the Director of the 
        Violence Against Women Office'' and inserting ``the Director of 
        the Office on Violence Against Women'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(2)(D), by inserting after 
        ``linguistically and culturally specific service providers,'' 
        the following: ``population-specific organizations,''; and
            (3) in subsection (g), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' 
        and inserting the following: ``2018 through 2023''.

                TITLE VII--ECONOMIC SECURITY FOR VICTIMS

SEC. 701. NATIONAL RESOURCE CENTER ON WORKPLACE RESPONSES TO ASSIST 
              VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC AND SEXUAL VIOLENCE.

    Section 41501 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act 
of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12501) is amended--
            (1) by inserting before the period at the end the 
        following: ``, and to victim service providers and community-
        based organizations to enable such providers to provide 
        resource materials or other assistance to employers, labor 
        organizations, or employees'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(3), by striking ``sexual assault'' 
        and inserting ``sexual violence, including sexual assault and 
        sexual harassment'';
            (3) in subsection (e), by striking ``$1,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``$2,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(g) Administrative Costs.--
            ``(1) In general.--From the amount appropriated pursuant to 
        subsection (e) for each fiscal year, the Attorney General may 
        not use more than 2.5 percent for the administration and 
        monitoring of grants made available under this section.
            ``(2) Evaluations.--From the amount appropriated pursuant 
        to subsection (e) for each fiscal year, the Director may use 
        not more than 5 percent to award contracts or cooperative 
        agreements to entities with demonstrated expertise in program 
        evaluation, to evaluate programs under this section.''.

SEC. 702. ENTITLEMENT TO UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION FOR VICTIMS OF 
              SEXUAL OR OTHER HARASSMENT, DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING 
              VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, OR STALKING.

    (a) Unemployment Compensation.--Section 3304 of the Internal 
Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to approval of State unemployment 
compensation laws) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (18), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (19) as paragraph 
                (21); and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (18) the following 
                new paragraphs:
            ``(19) compensation shall not be denied where an individual 
        is separated from employment due to circumstances resulting 
        from the individual being a victim of sexual or other 
        harassment, nor shall States impose additional conditions that 
        restrict the individual's eligibility for or receipt of 
        benefits beyond those required of other individuals who are 
        forced to leave their jobs or are deemed to have good cause for 
        voluntarily separating from a job in the State;
            ``(20) compensation shall not be denied where an individual 
        is separated from employment due to circumstances resulting 
        from the individual being a survivor of domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking, nor shall States 
        impose additional conditions that restrict the individual's 
        eligibility for or receipt of benefits beyond those required of 
        other individuals who are forced to leave their jobs or are 
        deemed to have good cause for voluntarily separating from a job 
        in the State; and''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Construction.--For purposes of subsection (a)(19) and 
(a)(20)--
            ``(1) Documentation.--In determining eligibility for 
        compensation due to circumstances resulting from an individual 
        being a survivor of sexual or other harassment, domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking--
                    ``(A) States shall adopt, or have adopted, by 
                statute, regulation, or policy a list of forms of 
                documentation that may be presented to demonstrate 
                eligibility; and
                    ``(B) presentation of any one of such forms of 
                documentation shall be sufficient to demonstrate 
                eligibility, except that a State may require the 
                presentation of a form of identification in addition to 
                the sworn statement of applicant described in 
                paragraph(2)(A).
            ``(2) List of forms of documentation.--The list referred to 
        in paragraph (1)(A) shall, at a minimum, include the following 
        forms of documentation:
                    ``(A) A sworn statement of the applicant.
                    ``(B) A police or court record concerning the 
                applicant.
                    ``(C) Documentation from an employee or volunteer 
                working for a survivor services organization, an 
                attorney, a police officer, a medical professional, 
                asocial worker, an antiviolence counselor, a member of 
                the clergy, or another professional, affirming that the 
                applicant is a survivor of domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
            ``(3) Definitions.--The term `sexual and other harassment', 
        shall have the meaning given them under state law, regulation 
        or policy. The terms `domestic violence', `dating violence', 
        `sexual assault', `stalking', `survivor of domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking', and `survivor 
        services organization' have the meanings given such terms in 
        section 201 of the Security and Financial Empowerment Act of 
        2017.''.
    (b) Unemployment Compensation Personnel Training.--Section 303(a) 
of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 503(a)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (12) as 
        paragraphs (5) through (13), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(4) Such methods of administration as will ensure that--
                    ``(A) applicants for unemployment compensation and 
                individuals inquiring about such compensation are 
                adequately notified of the provisions of 
                subsections(a)(19), (a)(20), and (g) of section 3304 of 
                the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to the 
                availability of unemployment compensation for survivors 
                of sexual and other harassment, domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking); and
                    ``(B) claims reviewers and hearing personnel are 
                adequately trained in--
                            ``(i) the nature and dynamics of sexual and 
                        other harassment, domestic violence, dating 
                        violence, sexual assault, or stalking; and
                            ``(ii) methods of ascertaining and keeping 
                        confidential information about possible 
                        experiences of sexual and other harassment, 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, or stalking to ensure that--
                                    ``(I) requests for unemployment 
                                compensation based on separations 
                                stemming from sexual and other 
                                harassment, domestic violence, dating 
                                violence, sexual assault, or stalking 
                                are reliably screened, identified, and 
                                adjudicated; and
                                    ``(II) full confidentiality is 
                                provided for the individual's claim and 
                                submitted evidence; and''.
    (c) TANF Personnel Training.--Section 402(a) of the Social Security 
Act (42 U.S.C. 602(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following 
new paragraph:
            ``(8) Certification that the state will provide information 
        to survivors of sexual and other harassment, domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking.--A certification 
        by the chief officer of the State that the State has 
        established and is enforcing standards and procedures to--
                    ``(A) ensure that applicants for assistance under 
                the program and individuals inquiring about such 
                assistance are adequately notified of--
                            ``(i) the provisions of subsections 
                        (a)(19), (a)(20), and (g) of section 3304 of 
                        the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to 
                        the availability of unemployment compensation 
                        for survivors of sexual and other harassment, 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, or stalking); and
                            ``(ii) assistance made available by the 
                        State to survivors of sexual and other 
                        harassment, domestic violence, dating violence, 
                        sexual assault, or stalking;
                    ``(B) ensure that case workers and other agency 
                personnel responsible for administering the State 
                program funded under this part are adequately trained 
                in--
                            ``(i) the nature and dynamics of sexual and 
                        other harassment, domestic violence, dating 
                        violence, sexual assault, or stalking;
                            ``(ii) State standards and procedures 
                        relating to the prevention of, and assistance 
                        for individuals who are survivors of sexual and 
                        other harassment, domestic violence, dating 
                        violence, sexual assault, or stalking; and
                            ``(iii) methods of ascertaining and keeping 
                        confidential information about possible 
                        experiences of sexual and other harassment, 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, or stalking;
                    ``(C) if a State has elected to establish and 
                enforce standards and procedures regarding the 
                screening for, and identification of, domestic violence 
                pursuant to paragraph (7), ensure that--
                            ``(i) applicants for assistance under the 
                        program and individuals inquiring about such 
                        assistance are adequately notified of options 
                        available under such standards and procedures; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) case workers and other agency 
                        personnel responsible for administering the 
                        State program funded under this part are 
                        provided with adequate training regarding such 
                        standards and procedures and options available 
                        under such standards and procedures; and
                    ``(D) ensure that the training required under 
                subparagraphs (B) and, if applicable, (C)(ii) is 
                provided through a training program operated by an 
                eligible entity.''.
    (d) Sexual and Other Harassment, Domestic Violence, Dating 
Violence, Sexual Assault, or Stalking Training Grant Program.--
            (1) Grants authorized.--The Secretary of Labor (in this 
        subsection referred to as the ``Secretary'') is authorized to 
        award--
                    (A) a grant to a national survivor services 
                organization in order for such organization to develop 
                and disseminate a model training program (and related 
                materials) for the training required under section 
                303(a)(4)(B) of the Social Security Act, as added by 
                subsection (b), and under subparagraphs (B) and, if 
                applicable, (C)(ii) of section 402(a)(8) of such Act, 
                as added by subsection (c); and
                    (B) provide technical assistance with respect to 
                such model training program, including technical 
                assistance to Temporary Assistance for Needy Families 
                and unemployment compensation personnel.
            (2) Authorization of appropriations.--There are authorized 
        to be appropriated--
                    (A) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2019 to carry out 
                the provisions of paragraph (1)(A); and
                    (B) $12,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 
                through 2023 to carry out the provisions of paragraph 
                (1)(B).
    (e) Effect on Existing Laws, etc.--
            (1) More protective laws, agreements, programs, and 
        plans.--Nothing in this title shall be construed to supersede 
        any provision of any Federal, State, or local law, collective 
        bargaining agreement, or employment benefits program or plan 
        that provides greater unemployment insurance benefits for 
        survivors of sexual and other harassment, domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking than the rights 
        established under this title.
            (2) Less protective laws, agreements, programs, and 
        plans.--The rights established for survivors of sexual and 
        other harassment, domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, or stalking under this title shall not be diminished 
        by any more restrictive State or local law, collective 
        bargaining agreement, or employment benefits program or plan.
    (f) Effective Date.--
            (1) Unemployment amendments.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B) and paragraph (2), the amendments made by this 
                section shall apply in the case of compensation paid 
                for weeks beginning on or after the expiration of 180 
                days from the date of enactment of this Act.
                    (B) Extension of effective date for state law 
                amendment.--
                            (i) In general.--If the Secretary of Labor 
                        identifies a State as requiring a change to its 
                        statutes, regulations, or policies in order to 
                        comply with the amendments made by this 
                        section(excluding the amendment made by 
                        subsection(c)), such amendments shall apply in 
                        the case of compensation paid for weeks 
                        beginning after the earlier of--
                                    (I) the date the State changes its 
                                statutes, regulations, or policies in 
                                order to comply with such amendments; 
                                or
                                    (II) the end of the first session 
                                of the State legislature which begins 
                                after the date of enactment of this 
                                Actor which began prior to such date 
                                and remained in session for at least 25 
                                calendar days after such date, except 
                                that in no case shall such amendments 
                                apply before the date that is 180 days 
                                after the date of enactment of this 
                                Act.
                            (ii) Session defined.--In this 
                        subparagraph, the term ``session'' means a 
                        regular, special, budget, or other session of a 
                        State legislature.
            (2) TANF amendment.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), the amendment made by subsection (c) shall take 
                effect on the date of enactment of this Act.
                    (B) Extension of effective date for state law 
                amendment.--In the case of a State plan under part A of 
                Title IV of the Social Security Act which the Secretary 
                of Health and Human Services determines requires State 
                action (including legislation, regulation, or other 
                administrative action) in order for the plan to meet 
                the additional requirements imposed by the amendment 
                made by subsection (c), the State plan shall not be 
                regarded as failing to comply with the requirements of 
                such amendment on the basis of its failure to meet 
                these additional requirements before the first day of 
                the first calendar quarter beginning after the close of 
                the first regular session of the State legislature that 
                begins after the date of enactment of this Act. For 
                purposes of the previous sentence, in the case of a 
                State that has a two-year legislative session, each 
                year of the session is considered to be a separate 
                regular session of the State legislature.

SEC. 703. STUDY AND REPORTS ON SURVIVORS' ACCESS TO ECONOMIC SECURITY.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Health and Human Services, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Labor, shall conduct a study on the 
barriers that survivors of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
assault, or stalking throughout the United States experience in 
maintaining economic security as a result of issues related to domestic 
violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
    (b) Reports.--Not later than January 1, 2019, and every 5 years 
thereafter, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, in consultation 
with the Secretary of Labor, shall submit a report to Congress on the 
study conducted under subsection (a).
    (c) Contents.--The study and reports under this section shall 
include--
            (1) identification of geographic areas in which State laws, 
        regulations, and practices have a strong impact on the ability 
        of survivors of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, or stalking to exercise--
                    (A) any rights under this Act without compromising 
                personal safety or the safety of others, including 
                family members and excluding the abuser; and
                    (B) other components of economic security;
            (2) identification of geographic areas with shortages in 
        resources for such survivors, with an accompanying analysis of 
        the extent and impact of such shortage;
            (3) analysis of factors related to industries, workplace 
        settings, employer practices, trends, and other elements that 
        impact the ability of such survivors to exercise any rights 
        under this Act without compromising personal safety or the 
        safety of others, including family members;
            (4) the recommendations of the Secretary of Health and 
        Human Services and the Secretary of Labor with respect to 
        resources, oversight, and enforcement tools to ensure 
        successful implementation of the provisions of this Act in 
        order to support the economic security and safety of survivors 
        of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
        stalking; and
            (5) best practices for States, employers, health carriers, 
        insurers, and other private entities in addressing issues 
        related to domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
        or stalking.

SEC. 704. GAO STUDY.

    Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, 
the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate a 
report that examines, with respect to survivors of domestic violence, 
dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking who are, or were, enrolled 
at institutions of higher education and borrowed a loan made, insured, 
or guaranteed under Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
U.S.C. 1070 et seq.) for which the survivors have not repaid the total 
interest and principal due, each of the following:
            (1) The implications of domestic violence, dating violence, 
        sexual assault, or stalking on a borrower's ability to repay 
        their Federal student loans.
            (2) The adequacy of policies and procedures regarding 
        Federal student loan deferment, forbearance, and grace periods 
        when a survivor has to suspend or terminate the survivor's 
        enrollment at an institution of higher education due to 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
        stalking.
            (3) The adequacy of institutional policies and practices 
        regarding retention or transfer of credits when a survivor has 
        to suspend or terminate the survivor's enrollment at an 
        institution of higher education due to domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
            (4) The availability or any options for a survivor of 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking 
        who attended an institution of higher education that committed 
        unfair, deceptive, or abusive acts or practices, or otherwise 
        substantially misrepresented information to students, to be 
        able to seek a defense to repayment of the survivor's Federal 
        student loan.
            (5) The limitations faced by a survivor of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking to 
        obtain any relief or restitution on the survivor's Federal 
        student loan debt due to the use of forced arbitration, gag 
        orders, or bans on class actions.

SEC. 705. EDUCATION AND INFORMATION PROGRAMS FOR SURVIVORS.

    (a) Public Education Campaign.--The Secretary of Labor, in 
conjunction with the Secretary of Health and Human Services and the 
Attorney General, shall coordinate and provide for a national public 
outreach and education campaign to raise public awareness of the 
workplace impact of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
and stalking. This campaign shall pay special attention to ensure that 
survivors are made aware of the existence of the following types of 
Federal and State workplace laws:
            (1) Anti-discrimination laws that bar treating survivors 
        differently.
            (2) Leave laws, that provide for both paid and unpaid 
        leave, that are available for use by survivors.
            (3) Unemployment insurance laws and policies that address 
        survivor eligibility.
    (b) Study on Workplace Responses.--The Secretary of Labor, in 
conjunction with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall 
conduct a study on the status of workplace responses to employees who 
experience domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
stalking while employed, in each State and nationally, to improve the 
access of survivors of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
assault, or stalking to supportive resources and economic security.
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section, such sums as may be necessary 
for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.

SEC. 706. SEVERABILITY.

    If any provision of this Act, any amendment made by this Act, or 
the application of such provision or amendment to any person or 
circumstance is held to be unconstitutional, the remainder of the 
provisions of this Act, the amendments made by this Act, and the 
application of such provisions or amendments to any person or 
circumstance shall not be affected.

       TITLE VIII--REDUCING HOMICIDES AND IMPROVING PUBLIC SAFETY

SEC. 801. INTIMATE PARTNER AND MISDEMEANOR CRIME OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE 
              DEFINED.

    Section 921(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (32), by to read as follows:
            ``(32) The term `intimate partner'--
                    ``(A) means, with respect to a person, the spouse 
                of the person, a former spouse of the person, an 
                individual who is a parent of a child of the person, 
                and an individual who cohabitates or has cohabited with 
                the person; and
                    ``(B) includes--
                            ``(i) a dating partner or former dating 
                        partner (as defined in section 2266); and
                            ``(ii) any other person similarly situated 
                        to a spouse who is protected by the domestic or 
                        family violence laws of the State or tribal 
                        jurisdiction in which the injury occurred or 
                        where the victim resides.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (33)(A)--
                    (A) in clause (i), by inserting after ``Tribal 
                law'' the following: ``, or under a published local 
                ordinance''; and
                    (B) in clause (ii), by inserting ``intimate 
                partner,'' after ``spouse,'' each place it appears.

SEC. 802. PROHIBITING PERSONS CONVICTED OF STALKING FROM POSSESSING 
              FIREARMS.

    Section 922 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (8), by striking ``or'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in paragraph (9), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; or''; and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following:
            ``(10) who has been convicted in any court of a misdemeanor 
        crime of stalking.''; and
            (2) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) in paragraph (8), by striking ``or'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in paragraph (9), by striking the comma at the 
                end and inserting ``; or''; and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following:
            ``(10) who has been convicted in any court of a misdemeanor 
        crime of stalking,''.

SEC. 803. UNLAWFUL SALE OF FIREARM TO A PERSON SUBJECT TO A PROTECTION 
              ORDER.

    Section 922 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)(8), by striking ``that restrains such 
        person'' and all that follows, and inserting ``described in 
        subsection (g)(8);''; and
            (2) by amending subsection (g)(8) to read as follows:
            ``(8) who is subject to a court order--
                    ``(A) that was issued--
                            ``(i) after a hearing of which such person 
                        received actual notice, and at which such 
                        person had an opportunity to participate; or
                            ``(ii) after an ex parte hearing, after 
                        which such person received actual notice and 
                        had opportunity to participate at a subsequent 
                        hearing--
                                    ``(I) within the time required for 
                                such an ex parte order pursuant to 
                                State, tribal, or territorial law; and
                                    ``(II) in any event within a 
                                reasonable time after the order is 
                                issued, sufficient to protect the due 
                                process rights of the person;
                    ``(B) that restrains such person from--
                            ``(i) engaging in conduct that would put an 
                        intimate partner of such person in reasonable 
                        fear of bodily injury to such intimate partner 
                        or a child of such intimate partner, including 
                        an order that was issued at the request of an 
                        employer on behalf of its employee or at the 
                        request of an institution of higher education 
                        on behalf of its student;
                            ``(ii) intimidating a witness from 
                        testifying in court; or
                            ``(iii) harassing, stalking, or threatening 
                        an intimate partner of such person or child of 
                        such intimate partner or person, or engaging in 
                        other conduct that would place an intimate 
                        partner in reasonable fear of bodily injury to 
                        the partner or child; and
                    ``(C) that--
                            ``(i) includes a finding that such person 
                        represents a credible threat to the physical 
                        safety of such individual described in 
                        subparagraph (B); or
                            ``(ii) by its terms explicitly prohibits 
                        the use, attempted use, or threatened use of 
                        physical force against such individual 
                        described in subparagraph (B) that would 
                        reasonably be expected to cause bodily 
                        injury;''.

SEC. 804. NOTIFICATION TO LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES OF PROHIBITED 
              PURCHASE OR ATTEMPTED PURCHASE OF A FIREARM.

    (a) In General.--Title I of the NICS Improvement Amendments Act of 
2007 (34 U.S.C. 40911 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``SEC. 108. NOTIFICATION TO LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES OF PROHIBITED 
              PURCHASE OF A FIREARM.

    ``(a) In General.--In the case of a background check conducted by 
the National Instant Criminal Background Check System pursuant to the 
request of a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, or licensed 
dealer of firearms (as such terms are defined in section 921 of title 
18, United States Code), which background check determines that the 
receipt of a firearm by a person would violate subsection (g)(8) or 
(g)(9) of section 922 of title 18, United States Code, or, if receipt 
would violate subsection (g)(1) of such section, that receipt would 
violate subsection (g)(9) if the crime were a misdemeanor, and such 
determination is made after 3 business days have elapsed since the 
licensee contacted the System and a firearm has been transferred to 
that person, the System shall notify the law enforcement agencies 
described in subsection (b).
    ``(b) Law Enforcement Agencies Described.--The law enforcement 
agencies described in this subsection are the law enforcement agencies 
that have jurisdiction over the location from which the licensee 
contacted the system and the law enforcement agencies that have 
jurisdiction over the location of the residence of the person for which 
the background check was conducted, as follows:
            ``(1) The field office of the Federal Bureau of 
        Investigation.
            ``(2) The local law enforcement agency.
            ``(3) The State law enforcement agency.
            ``(4) The Tribal law enforcement agency.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
the NICS Improvement Amendments Act of 2007 (Public Law 110-180; 121 
Stat. 2559) is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
107 the following:

``108. Notification to law enforcement agencies of prohibited purchase 
                            of a firearm.''.

SEC. 805. REPORTING OF BACKGROUND CHECK DENIALS TO STATE, LOCAL, AND 
              TRIBAL AUTHORITIES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 44 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 925A the following:
``Sec. 925B. Reporting of background check denials to State, local, and 
              tribal authorities
    ``(a) In General.--If the national instant criminal background 
check system established under section 103 of the Brady Handgun 
Violence Prevention Act (18 U.S.C. 922 note) provides a notice pursuant 
to section 922(t) of this title that the receipt of a firearm by a 
person would violate subsection (g)(8) or (g)(9) of section 922 of this 
title, if receipt would violate subsection (g)(1) of such section, that 
receipt would violate subsection (g)(9) if the crime were a 
misdemeanor, or State law, the Attorney General shall, in accordance 
with subsection (b) of this section--
            ``(1) report to the law enforcement authorities of the 
        State where the person sought to acquire the firearm and, if 
        different, the law enforcement authorities of the State of 
        residence of the person--
                    ``(A) that the notice was provided;
                    ``(B) of the specific provision of law that would 
                have been violated;
                    ``(C) of the date and time the notice was provided;
                    ``(D) of the location where the firearm was sought 
                to be acquired; and
                    ``(E) of the identity of the person; and
            ``(2) report the incident to local or tribal law 
        enforcement authorities and, where practicable, State, tribal, 
        or local prosecutors, in the jurisdiction where the firearm was 
        sought and in the jurisdiction where the person resides.
    ``(b) Requirements for Report.--A report is made in accordance with 
this subsection if the report is made within 24 hours after the 
provision of the notice described in subsection (a), except that the 
making of the report may be delayed for so long as is necessary to 
avoid compromising an ongoing investigation.
    ``(c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in subsection (a) shall be 
construed to require a report with respect to a person to be made to 
the same State authorities that originally issued the notice with 
respect to the person.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for such chapter is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 925A the 
following:

``925B. Reporting of background check denials to State, local, and 
                            tribal authorities.''.

SEC. 806. SPECIAL ASSISTANT UNITED STATES ATTORNEYS AND CROSS-DEPUTIZED 
              ATTORNEYS.

    (a) In General.--In order to improve the enforcement of paragraphs 
(8) and (9) subsection (g) of section 922 of title 18, United States 
Code, the Attorney General is authorized to--
            (1) appoint tribal prosecutors and qualified attorneys 
        working for the United States Government to serve as Special 
        Assistant United States Attorneys for the purpose of 
        prosecuting violations of such paragraphs;
            (2) deputize State, tribal, territorial, and local 
        prosecutors and law enforcement officers for the purpose of 
        enhancing the capacity of the agents of the Bureau of Alcohol, 
        Tobacco and Firearms and the United States Attorneys in 
        responding to, investigating and prosecuting violations of such 
        paragraphs;
            (3) establish, in order to receive and expedite requests 
        for assistance from State, tribal, territorial, and local law 
        enforcement agencies responding to intimate partner violence in 
        cases in which such agencies have probable cause to believe 
        that the offender may be in violation of such paragraphs, 
        points of contact within--
                    (A) each Field Division of the Bureau of Alcohol, 
                Tobacco, and Firearms; and
                    (B) each District Office of the United States 
                Attorneys.
    (b) Improve Intimate Partner and Public Safety.--The Attorney 
General shall--
            (1) identify no less than 75 jurisdictions among the 
        various States, territories, and tribes in which there are high 
        rates of firearms violence and threats of firearms violence 
        against intimate partners and other persons protected under 
        paragraphs (8) and (9) subsection (g) of section 922 of title 
        18, United States Code, and in which local authorities lack the 
        resources to address such violence; and
            (2) make appointments as described in subsection (a) in 
        such jurisdictions.
    (c) Authorization of Funds.--There is authorized to be appropriated 
such sums as may be necessary to carry out this section.

                   TITLE IX--SAFETY FOR INDIAN WOMEN

SEC. 901. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) On some reservations, Indian women are murdered at more 
        than 10 times the national average.
            (2) American Indians and Alaska Natives are 2.5 times as 
        likely to experience violent crimes--and at least 2 times more 
        likely to experience rape or sexual assault crimes--compared to 
        all other races.
            (3) More than 4 in 5 American Indian and Alaska Native 
        women, or 84.3 percent, have experienced violence in their 
        lifetime.
            (4) According to the Centers for Disease Control and 
        Prevention, homicide is the third leading cause of death among 
        American Indian and Alaska Native women between 10 and 24 years 
        of age and the fifth leading cause of death for American Indian 
        and Alaska Native women between 25 and 34 years of age.
            (5) According to a 2010 Government Accountability Office 
        report, United States Attorneys declined to prosecute nearly 52 
        percent of violent crimes that occur in Indian country.
            (6) Investigation into cases of missing and murdered Indian 
        women is made difficult for tribal law enforcement agencies due 
        to a lack of resources, such as--
                    (A) necessary training, equipment, or funding;
                    (B) a lack of interagency cooperation; and
                    (C) a lack of appropriate laws in place.
            (7) The complicated jurisdictional scheme that exists in 
        Indian country--
                    (A) has a significant negative impact on the 
                ability to provide public safety to Indian communities;
                    (B) has been increasingly exploited by criminals; 
                and
                    (C) requires a high degree of commitment and 
                cooperation among tribal, Federal, and State law 
                enforcement officials.
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of this title are--
            (1) to clarify the responsibilities of Federal, State, 
        tribal, and local governments with respect to responding to 
        cases of missing and murdered Indians;
            (2) to increase coordination and communication among 
        Federal, State, tribal, and local law enforcement agencies;
            (3) to empower tribal governments with the resources and 
        information necessary to effectively respond to cases of 
        missing and murdered Indians; and
            (4) to increase the collection of data related to missing 
        and murdered Indian women and the sharing of information among 
        Federal, State, and tribal officials responsible for responding 
        to and investigating cases of missing and murdered Indians.

SEC. 902. DEFINITIONS.

    In this title:
            (1) Federal databases.--The term ``Federal databases'' 
        means--
                    (A) the National Crime Information Center database;
                    (B) the Combined DNA Index System;
                    (C) the Integrated Automated Fingerprint 
                Identification System;
                    (D) the Violent Criminal Apprehension Program;
                    (E) the National Missing and Unidentified Persons 
                System; and
                    (F) other Federal databases relevant to responding 
                to cases of missing and murdered Indians.
            (2) Indian.--The term ``Indian'' means a member of an 
        Indian Tribe.
            (3) Indian country.--The term ``Indian country'' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 1151 of title 18, United 
        States Code.
            (4) Indian tribe.--The term ``Indian Tribe'' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 4 of the Indian Self-
        Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304).
            (5) Law enforcement agency.--The term ``law enforcement 
        agency'' means a Tribal, Federal, State, or local law 
        enforcement agency.

SEC. 903. IMPROVING TRIBAL ACCESS TO FEDERAL CRIME INFORMATION 
              DATABASES.

    (a) Tribal Enrollment Information.--Not later than 30 days after 
the date of enactment of this title, the Attorney General shall update 
the online data entry format for Federal databases to include a new 
data field for users to input the victim's Tribal enrollment 
information or affiliation, as appropriate.
    (b) Consultation.--
            (1) Initial consultation.--Not later than 120 days after 
        the date of enactment of this title, the Attorney General, in 
        cooperation with the Secretary of the Interior, shall complete 
        a formal consultation with Indian Tribes on how to further 
        improve tribal data relevance and access to Federal databases, 
        which shall also inform the development of law enforcement and 
        justice protocols under section 904(a).
            (2) Annual consultation.--Section 903(b) of the Violence 
        Against Women and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 
        2005 (34 U.S.C. 20126) is amended--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(2) enhancing the safety of Indian women from domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, homicide, stalking, 
        and sex trafficking;'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) improving access to local, regional, State, and 
        Federal crime information databases and criminal justice 
        information systems.''.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Attorney General shall prepare and submit a report to the 
Committee on Indian Affairs and the Committee on the Judiciary of the 
Senate and the Committee on Natural Resources and the Committee on the 
Judiciary of the House of Representatives that includes--
            (1) the results of the formal consultation described in 
        subsection (b)(1);
            (2) a description of the outstanding barriers Indian Tribes 
        face in acquiring full access to Federal databases and related 
        national crime information systems; and
            (3) the plan of action of the Department of Justice to--
                    (A) implement suggestions received from Indian 
                Tribes through the consultation process; and
                    (B) resolve the outstanding barriers described 
                under paragraph (2).

SEC. 904. STANDARDIZED PROTOCOLS FOR RESPONDING TO CASES OF MISSING AND 
              MURDERED INDIANS.

    (a) Standardized Protocols for Missing and Murdered Indians.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the 
        consultation process described in section 903(b)(1), the 
        Attorney General, in cooperation with the Secretary of the 
        Interior and in consultation with Indian Tribes, shall--
                    (A) review existing (as of the date of the review) 
                law enforcement and justice protocols appropriate to 
                missing and murdered Indians; and
                    (B) recommend such existing protocols, revise such 
                existing protocols, or develop new protocols, as 
                necessary, to establish protocols to serve as 
                guidelines for law enforcement agencies with respect to 
                missing and murdered Indians.
            (2) Public availability.--The Attorney General shall make 
        the protocols under paragraph (1) publicly available and shall 
        distribute them to law enforcement agencies.
    (b) Requirements.--The standardized protocols under subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
            (1) Guidance on inter-jurisdictional cooperation among law 
        enforcement agencies at the Tribal, Federal, State, and local 
        levels.
            (2) Standards on the collection, reporting, and analysis of 
        data and information on missing persons and unidentified human 
        remains appropriate to Indians, including standards on entering 
        information to Federal databases on missing persons within a 
        certain timeframe after receiving the missing persons report.
            (3) Guidance on improving law enforcement response rates 
        and follow-up to cases of missing and murdered Indians.
            (4) Methods to ensure access to victim services for Indian 
        victims and their families.
    (c) Directions to United States Attorneys.--
            (1) Directions.--Not later than 240 days after the date of 
        enactment of this title, the Attorney General shall direct 
        United States attorneys with jurisdiction to prosecute crimes 
        in Indian country under sections 1152 and 1153 of title 18, 
        United States Code, to develop written standard protocols to 
        investigate cases of missing and murdered Indians that--
                    (A) are guided by the standardized protocols under 
                subsection (a);
                    (B) are developed in consultation with Indian 
                Tribes and other Federal partners, including--
                            (i) the Federal Bureau of Investigation;
                            (ii) the Department of the Interior;
                            (iii) the Bureau of Indian Affairs; and
                            (iv) the Indian Health Service;
                    (C) detail specific responsibilities of each 
                Federal partner; and
                    (D) shall be implemented not later than 60 days 
                after the direction is issued.
            (2) Additional directions.--Not later than 240 days after 
        the date of enactment of this title, the Attorney General shall 
        direct United States attorneys with jurisdiction to prosecute 
        crimes in Indian Country from an authority other than section 
        1152 or 1153 of title 18, United States Code, to discuss the 
        Federal response to cases of missing and murdered Indians with 
        their Tribal partners and Federal partners as appropriate 
        during annual consultations.
    (d) Training and Technical Assistance.--The Attorney General shall 
provide Indian Tribes and law enforcement agencies with training and 
technical assistance relating to the development and implementation of 
the law enforcement and justice protocols of the Indian Tribes and 
agencies, respectively, in accordance with the standardized protocols 
under subsection (a).
    (e) Compliance.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
enactment of this title, Federal law enforcement agencies with 
jurisdiction to investigate and prosecute crimes relating to missing 
and murdered Indians shall modify the law enforcement and justice 
protocols of the agency to satisfactorily comply with the standardized 
protocols under subsection (a).

SEC. 905. ANNUAL REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

    Beginning in the first fiscal year after the date of enactment of 
this title, and annually thereafter, the Attorney General and the 
Secretary of the Interior shall jointly prepare and submit a report, to 
the Committee on Indian Affairs and the Committee on the Judiciary of 
the Senate and the Committee on Natural Resources and the Committee on 
the Judiciary of the House of Representatives, that--
            (1) includes known statistics on missing and murdered 
        Indian women in the United States;
            (2) provides recommendations regarding how to improve data 
        collection on missing and murdered Indian women; and
            (3) includes information relevant to the implementation of 
        the standardized protocols developed under section 904(a).

SEC. 906. TRIBAL JURISDICTION OVER CRIMES OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, SEXUAL 
              VIOLENCE, SEX TRAFFICKING, STALKING, CHILD VIOLENCE, AND 
              VIOLENCE AGAINST LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS.

    Section 204 of Public Law 90-284 (25 U.S.C. 1304) (commonly known 
as the ``Indian Civil Rights Act of 1968'') is amended--
            (1) by striking ``special tribal domestic violence criminal 
        jurisdiction'' each place such term appears and inserting 
        ``special tribal criminal jurisdiction'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(16) Stalking.--The term `stalking' means engaging in a 
        course of conduct directed at a specific person that would 
        cause a reasonable person--
                    ``(A) to fear for his or her safety or the safety 
                of others; or
                    ``(B) to suffer substantial emotional distress.'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (6) and (7) as 
                paragraphs (14) and (15);
                    (C) by inserting before paragraph (14) (as 
                redesignated) the following:
            ``(11) Related conduct.--The term `related conduct' means a 
        violation of the criminal law of an Indian tribe that is 
        committed--
                    ``(A) against a covered individual;
                    ``(B) by a person--
                            ``(i) who is subject to special tribal 
                        criminal jurisdiction; and
                            ``(ii) has committed criminal conduct that 
                        falls into one or more of the categories 
                        described in paragraphs (1) and (2) of 
                        subsection (c); and
                    ``(C) in the course of resisting or interfering 
                with the prevention, detection, investigation, arrest, 
                pretrial detention, prosecution, adjudication, or 
                sentencing, including the probation, parole, 
                incarceration, or rehabilitation, of that person 
                relating to that criminal conduct.
            ``(12) Sex trafficking.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `sex trafficking' means 
                conduct--
                            ``(i) consisting of--
                                    ``(I) recruiting, enticing, 
                                harboring, transporting, providing, 
                                obtaining, advertising, maintaining, 
                                patronizing, or soliciting by any means 
                                a person; or
                                    ``(II) benefiting, financially or 
                                by receiving anything of value, from 
                                participation in a venture that has 
                                engaged in an act described in 
                                subclause (I); and
                            ``(ii) carried out with the knowledge, or, 
                        except where the act constituting the violation 
                        of clause (i) is advertising, in reckless 
                        disregard of the fact, that--
                                    ``(I) means of force, threats of 
                                force, fraud, coercion, or any 
                                combination of such means will be used 
                                to cause the person to engage in a 
                                commercial sex act; or
                                    ``(II) the person has not attained 
                                the age of 18 years and will be caused 
                                to engage in a commercial sex act.
                    ``(B) Definitions.--In this paragraph, the terms 
                `coercion' and `commercial sex act' have the meanings 
                given the terms in section 1591(e) of title 18, United 
                States Code.
            ``(13) Sexual violence.--The term `sexual violence' means 
        any nonconsensual sexual act or contact proscribed by Federal, 
        tribal, or State law, including in any case in which the victim 
        lacks the capacity to consent to the act.'';
                    (D) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (5) as 
                paragraphs (6) through (10);
                    (E) in paragraph (6) (as redesignated), by striking 
                ``violence'' and inserting ``covered conduct'';
                    (F) in paragraph (7) (as redesignated), by striking 
                ``violence'' each place such term appears and inserting 
                ``covered conduct''; and
                    (G) by inserting before paragraph (6) (as 
                redesignated), the following:
            ``(1) Caregiver.--The term `caregiver' means--
                    ``(A) the parent, guardian, or legal custodian of 
                the child;
                    ``(B) the spouse or intimate partner of a parent, 
                guardian, or legal custodian of the child;
                    ``(C) any relative of the child, including a 
                parent, grandparent, great-grandparent, step-parent, 
                brother, sister, stepbrother, stepsister, half-brother, 
                or half-sister;
                    ``(D) a person who resides or has resided regularly 
                or intermittently in the same dwelling as the child;
                    ``(E) a person who provides or has provided care 
                for the child in or out of the home of the child;
                    ``(F) any person who exercises or has exercised 
                temporary or permanent control over the child; or
                    ``(G) any person who temporarily or permanently 
                supervises or has supervised the child.
            ``(2) Child.--The term `child' means a person who has not 
        attained the lesser of--
                    ``(A) the age of 18; or
                    ``(B) except in the case of sexual abuse, the age 
                specified by the child protection law of the 
                participating tribe that has jurisdiction over the 
                Indian country where the child resides.
            ``(3) Child violence.--The term `child violence' means 
        covered conduct committed against a child by a caregiver of the 
        child.
            ``(4) Covered conduct.--The term `covered conduct' means 
        conduct that--
                    ``(A) involves the use, attempted use, or 
                threatened use of force against the person or property 
                of another; and
                    ``(B) violates the criminal law of the Indian tribe 
                that has jurisdiction over the Indian country where the 
                conduct occurs.
            ``(5) Covered individual.--The term `covered individual' 
        means an officer or employee of an Indian tribe, or an 
        individual authorized to act for or on behalf of an Indian 
        tribe or serving an Indian tribe--
                    ``(A) who is--
                            ``(i) authorized under law to engage in or 
                        supervise the prevention, detection, 
                        investigation, arrest, pretrial detention, 
                        prosecution, or adjudication of an offense or 
                        the sentencing, including the probation, 
                        parole, incarceration, or rehabilitation, of an 
                        individual; or
                            ``(ii) serves as a probation or pretrial 
                        services officer; and
                    ``(B) who is carrying out an activity described in 
                paragraph (11)(C).'';
            (3) in subsection (b)(4), by striking subparagraph (B);
            (4) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``domestic violence'' and inserting 
                ``tribal'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in the paragraph heading, by striking 
                        ``and dating violence'' and inserting ``, 
                        dating violence, sexual violence, stalking, 
                        trafficking, and child violence''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``or dating violence'' and 
                        inserting ``, dating violence, sexual violence, 
                        stalking, trafficking, or child violence''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Related conduct.--An act of related conduct that 
        occurs in the Indian country of the participating tribe.'';
            (5) in subsection (d), by striking ``domestic violence'' 
        each place it appears and inserting ``tribal'';
            (6) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) by striking ``special domestic violence'' each 
                place it appears and inserting ``special tribal'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``prosecutes'' 
                and all that follows through the semicolon at the end 
                and inserting the following: ``prosecutes--
                    ``(A) a crime of domestic violence;
                    ``(B) a crime of dating violence;
                    ``(C) a criminal violation of a protection order;
                    ``(D) a crime of sexual violence;
                    ``(E) a crime of stalking;
                    ``(F) a crime of trafficking; or
                    ``(G) a crime of related conduct;''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``child 
                violence, sexual violence, stalking, trafficking, 
                related conduct'' after ``dating violence''; and
            (7) in subsection (h), by striking ``fiscal years 2014 
        through 2018'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2019 through 
        2023''.

SEC. 907. AUTHORIZING FUNDING FOR THE TRIBAL ACCESS PROGRAM.

    Section 534 of title 28, united States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 to 2023, to 
remain available until expended, for the purposes of enhancing the 
ability of tribal government entities to access, enter information 
into, and obtain information from, Federal criminal information 
databases, as authorized by this section.''.

SEC. 908. CRIMINAL TRESPASS ON INDIAN LAND.

    (a) In General.--Section 1165 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1165. Criminal trespass on Indian land
    ``(a) Hunting, Trapping or Fishing on Indian Land.--Whoever, 
without lawful authority or permission, willfully and knowingly goes 
upon any land that belongs to any Indian or Indian tribe, band, or 
group and either are held by the United States in trust or are subject 
to a restriction against alienation imposed by the United States, or 
upon any lands of the United States that are reserved for Indian use 
(referred to in this section as `tribal land'), for the purpose of 
hunting, trapping, or fishing thereon, or for the removal of game, 
peltries, or fish therefrom, shall be fined under this title or 
imprisoned not more than ninety days, or both, and all game, fish, and 
peltries in his possession shall be forfeited.
    ``(b) Violation of Tribal Exclusion Order.--
            ``(1) Definition of exclusion order.--In this subsection, 
        the term `exclusion order' means an order issued in a 
        proceeding by a court of an Indian tribe that temporarily or 
        permanently excludes a person from tribal land because of a 
        conviction under the criminal laws of the tribal government--
                    ``(A) for a violent crime (as defined under 
                applicable tribal law); or
                    ``(B) for the sale or distribution of controlled 
                substances.
            ``(2) Violation described.--It shall be unlawful for any 
        person to knowingly violate the terms of an exclusion order 
        that was issued by a court of an Indian tribe in accordance 
        with paragraph (4).
            ``(3) Penalty.--Any person who violates paragraph (2) shall 
        be fined up to $5,000 or imprisoned for up to 1 year, or both.
            ``(4) Requirements.--The violation described in paragraph 
        (2) applies only to an exclusion order--
                    ``(A) for which--
                            ``(i) the respondent was served with, or 
                        had actual notice of, the underlying complaint; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) the underlying complaint included--
                                    ``(I) a plain statement of facts 
                                that, if true, would provide the basis 
                                for the issuance of an exclusion order 
                                against the respondent;
                                    ``(II) the date, time, and place 
                                for a hearing on the complaint; and
                                    ``(III) a statement informing the 
                                respondent that if the respondent fails 
                                to appear at the hearing on the 
                                complaint, an order may issue, the 
                                violation of which may result in--
                                            ``(aa) criminal prosecution 
                                        under Federal law; and
                                            ``(bb) the imposition of a 
                                        fine or imprisonment, or both;
                    ``(B) for which a hearing on the underlying 
                complaint sufficient to protect the right of the 
                respondent to due process was held on the record, at 
                which the respondent was provided an opportunity to be 
                heard and present testimony of witnesses and other 
                evidence as to why the order should not issue;
                    ``(C) that--
                            ``(i) temporarily or permanently excludes 
                        the respondent from tribal land under the 
                        jurisdiction of the applicable Indian tribe; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) includes a statement that a 
                        violation of the order may result in--
                                    ``(I) criminal prosecution under 
                                Federal law; and
                                    ``(II) the imposition of a fine or 
                                imprisonment, or both; and
                    ``(D) with which the respondent was served or of 
                which the respondent had actual notice.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 53 of 
such title is amended by striking the item relating to section 1165 and 
inserting the following:

``1165. Criminal trespass on Indian land.''.

               TITLE X--OFFICE ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

SEC. 1001. OFFICE ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN.

    (a) Establishment of Office on Violence Against Women.--Section 
2002 of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 
1968 (34 U.S.C. 10442) is amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``violence against women 
        office'' and inserting ``office on violence against women'';
            (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``a Violence Against 
        Women Office'' and inserting ``an Office on Violence Against 
        Women'';
            (3) in subsection (b), by inserting after ``a separate and 
        distinct office within the Department of Justice,'' the 
        following: ``not subsumed by any other grant-making office,''; 
        and
            (4) in subsection (c), by striking ``and the Violence 
        Against Women Act of 2000 (Division B of Public Law 106-386)'' 
        and inserting ``the Violence Against Women Act of 2000 
        (Division B of Public Law 106-386), the Violence Against Women 
        and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005 (title IX 
        of Public Law 109-162; 119 Stat. 3080), and the Violence 
        Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 (Public Law 113-4; 
        127 Stat. 54)''.
    (b) Director of the Office on Violence Against Women.--Section 2003 
of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 
10443) is amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``violence against women 
        office'' and inserting ``office on violence against women'';
            (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``Violence Against Women 
        Office'' and inserting ``Office on Violence Against Women''; 
        and
            (3) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``or the Violence 
        Against Women Act of 2000 (division B of Public Law 106-386)'' 
        and inserting ``the Violence Against Women Act of 2000 
        (division B of Public Law 106-386), the Violence Against Women 
        and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005 (title IX 
        of Public Law 109-162; 119 Stat. 3080), or the Violence Against 
        Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 (Public Law 113-4; 127 Stat. 
        54)''.
    (c) Duties and Functions of Director of the Office on Violence 
Against Women.--Section 2004 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe 
Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10444) is amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``violence against women 
        office'' and inserting ``office on violence against women'';
            (2) in paragraph (5), by striking ``and the Violence 
        Against Women Act of 2000 (division B of Public Law 106-386)'' 
        and inserting ``the Violence Against Women Act of 2000 
        (division B of Public Law 106-386), the Violence Against Women 
        and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005 (title IX 
        of Public Law 109-162; 119 Stat. 3080), or the Violence Against 
        Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 (Public Law 113-4; 127 Stat. 
        54)''; and
            (3) in paragraph (6)(B), by inserting after ``provide 
        technical assistance,'' the following: ``synchronize Federal 
        definitions and protocols,''.
    (d) Staff of Office on Violence Against Women.--Section 2005 of the 
Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10445) is 
amended in the heading, by striking ``violence against women office'' 
and inserting ``office on violence against women''.
    (e) Clerical Amendment.--Section 121(a)(1) of the Violence Against 
Women and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005 (34 U.S.C. 
20124(a)(1)) is amended by striking ``the Violence Against Women 
Office'' and inserting ``the Office on Violence Against Women''.

                      TITLE XI--INCARCERATED WOMEN

SEC. 1101. TREATMENT OF PREGNANT WOMEN AND OTHER INDIVIDUALS IN 
              CORRECTIONS.

    (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Ramona Brant 
Improvement of Conditions For Women in Federal Custody Act''.
    (b) Improving the Treatment of Primary Caretaker Parents and Other 
Individuals in Federal Prisons.--Chapter 303 of title 18, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 4050. Treatment of primary caretaker parents and other 
              individuals
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section--
            ``(1) the term `correctional officer' means a correctional 
        officer of the Bureau of Prisons;
            ``(2) the term `covered institution' means a Federal penal 
        or correctional institution;
            ``(3) the term `Director' means the Director of the Bureau 
        of Prisons;
            ``(4) the term `post-partum recovery' means the first 8-
        week period after giving birth;
            ``(5) the term `primary caretaker parent' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 31903 of the Family Unity 
        Demonstration Project Act (34 U.S.C. 12242);
            ``(6) the term `prisoner' means an individual who is 
        incarcerated in a Federal penal or correctional institution, 
        including a vulnerable person; and
            ``(7) the term `vulnerable person' mean an individual who--
                    ``(A) is under 21 years of age or over 60 years of 
                age;
                    ``(B) is pregnant;
                    ``(C) identifies as lesbian, gay, bisexual, 
                transgender, or intersex;
                    ``(D) is the victim of or witness to a crime;
                    ``(E) has filed a nonfrivolous civil rights claim 
                in Federal or State court;
                    ``(F) has a serious mental or physical illness or 
                disability;
                    ``(G) during the period of incarceration, has been 
                determined to have experienced or to be experiencing 
                severe trauma or to be the victim of gender-based 
                violence--
                            ``(i) by any court or administrative 
                        judicial proceeding;
                            ``(ii) by any corrections official;
                            ``(iii) on the basis of information 
                        provided by the person's attorney or legal 
                        service provider; or
                            ``(iv) on the basis of self-reporting.
    ``(b) Geographic Placement.--
            ``(1) Establishment of office.--The Director shall 
        establish within the Bureau of Prisons an office that 
        determines the placement of prisoners.
            ``(2) Placement of prisoners.--In determining the placement 
        of a prisoner, the office established under paragraph (1) 
        shall--
                    ``(A) if the prisoner has children, place the 
                prisoner as close to the children as possible;
                    ``(B) in deciding whether to assign a transgender 
                or intersex prisoner to a facility for male or female 
                prisoners, and in making other housing and programming 
                assignments, consider on a case-by-case basis whether a 
                placement would ensure the prisoner's health and 
                safety, including serious consideration of the 
                prisoner's own views with respect to their safety, and 
                whether the placement would present management or 
                security problems: and
                    ``(C) consider any other factor that the office 
                determines to be appropriate.
    ``(c) Placement in Segregated Housing Units; Prohibition on 
Shackling.--
            ``(1) Placement in segregated housing units.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A covered institution may not 
                place a prisoner who is pregnant or in post-partum 
                recovery in a segregated housing unit unless the 
                prisoner presents an immediate risk of harm to the 
                prisoner or others.
                    ``(B) Restrictions.--Any placement of a prisoner 
                described in subparagraph (A) in a segregated housing 
                unit shall be limited and temporary.
            ``(2) Prohibition on shackling.--A covered institution may 
        not use an instrument of restraint, including handcuffs, 
        chains, irons, or a straitjacket, on a prisoner who is 
        pregnant.
    ``(d) Parenting Classes.--The Director shall provide parenting 
classes to each prisoner who is a primary caretaker parent.
    ``(e) Trauma Screening.--The Director shall provide training to 
each correctional officer and each employee of the Bureau of Prisons 
who regularly interacts with prisoners, including each instructor and 
health care professional, to enable those correctional officers and 
employees to--
            ``(1) identify a prisoner who has a mental or physical 
        health need relating to trauma the prisoner has experienced; 
        and
            ``(2) refer a prisoner described in paragraph (1) to the 
        proper healthcare professional for treatment.
    ``(f) Inmate Health.--
            ``(1) Health care access.--The Director shall ensure that 
        all prisoners receive adequate health care.
            ``(2) Hygienic products.--The Director shall make essential 
        hygienic products, including tampons, sanitary napkins, 
        shampoo, toothpaste, toothbrushes, and any other hygienic 
        product that the Director determines appropriate, available 
        without charge to prisoners.
            ``(3) Gynecologist access.--The Director shall ensure that 
        a prisoners have access to a gynecologist.
    ``(g) Use of Sex-Appropriate Correctional Officers.--
            ``(1) Regulations.--The Director shall promulgate 
        regulations under which--
                    ``(A) a correctional officer may not conduct a 
                strip search of a prisoner of the opposite sex unless--
                            ``(i)(I) the prisoner presents a risk of 
                        immediate harm to herself or himself or others; 
                        and
                            ``(II) no other correctional officer of the 
                        same sex as the prisoner, or medical staff are 
                        available to assist; or
                            ``(ii) the prisoner has previously 
                        requested that an officer of a different sex 
                        conduct searches;
                    ``(B) a correctional officer may not enter a 
                restroom reserved for prisoners of the opposite sex 
                unless--
                            ``(i)(I) a prisoner in the restroom 
                        presents a risk of immediate harm to himself or 
                        herself or others; or
                            ``(II) there is a medical emergency in the 
                        restroom; and
                            ``(ii) no other correctional officer of the 
                        same sex as the prisoner is available to 
                        assist;
                    ``(C) a transgender prisoner's sex is determined 
                according to the sex with which they identify; and
                    ``(D) a correctional officer may not search or 
                physically examine a prisoner for the sole purpose of 
                determining the prisoners' genital status or sex.
            ``(2) Relation to other laws.--Nothing in paragraph (1) 
        shall be construed to affect the requirements under the Prison 
        Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (42 U.S.C. 15601 et seq.).''.
    (c) Substance Abuse Treatment.--Section 3621(e) of title 18, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(7) Eligibility of primary caretaker parents and pregnant 
        women.--The Director of the Bureau of Prisons may not prohibit 
        an eligible prisoner who is a primary caretaker parent (as 
        defined in section 4050) or who is pregnant from participating 
        in a program of residential substance abuse treatment provided 
        under paragraph (1) on the basis of a failure by the eligible 
        prisoner, before being committed to the custody of the Bureau 
        of Prisons, to disclose to any official of the Bureau of 
        Prisons that the prisoner had a substance abuse problem on or 
        before the date on which the eligible prisoner was committed to 
        the custody of the Bureau of Prisons.''.
    (d) Effective Date.--
            (1) In general.--This section and the amendments made by 
        this section shall take effect on the date that is 2 years 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Report.--On the date that is 3 years after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Director of the Bureau of 
        Prisons shall submit to the Committees on the Judiciary of the 
        House of Representatives and of the Senate a report on the 
        implementation of the requirements under section 4050 and 
        section 3621(e) of title 18, United States Code.
    (e) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The table of sections for 
chapter 303 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following:

``4050. Treatment of primary caretaker parents and other 
                            individuals.''.

SEC. 1102. PUBLIC HEALTH AND SAFETY OF WOMEN.

    (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Stop Infant 
Mortality And Recidivism Reduction Act'' or the ``SIMARRA Act''.
    (b) Establishment.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Director of the Federal Bureau of Prisons 
(hereinafter referred to as the ``Director'') shall establish a pilot 
program (hereinafter referred to as the ``Program'') in accordance with 
this section to permit women incarcerated in Federal prisons and the 
children born to such women during incarceration to reside together 
while the inmate serves a term of imprisonment in a separate housing 
wing of the prison.
    (c) Purposes.--The purposes of this section are to--
            (1) prevent infant mortality among infants born to 
        incarcerated mothers and greatly reduce the trauma and stress 
        experienced by the unborn fetuses of pregnant inmates;
            (2) reduce the recidivism rates of federally incarcerated 
        women and mothers, and enhance public safety by improving the 
        effectiveness of the Federal prison system for women as a 
        population with special needs;
            (3) establish female offender risk and needs assessment as 
        the cornerstones of a more effective and efficient Federal 
        prison system;
            (4) implement a validated post-sentencing risk and needs 
        assessment system that relies on dynamic risk factors to 
        provide Federal prison officials with a roadmap to address the 
        pre- and post-natal needs of Federal pregnant offenders, manage 
        limited resources, and enhance public safety;
            (5) perform regular outcome evaluations of the 
        effectiveness of programs and interventions for federally 
        incarcerated pregnant women and mothers to assure that such 
        programs and interventions are evidence-based and to suggest 
        changes, deletions, and expansions based on the results of such 
        evaluations; and
            (6) assist the Department of Justice to address the 
        underlying cost structure of the Federal prison system and 
        ensure that the Department can continue to run prison nurseries 
        safely and securely without compromising the scope or quality 
        of the Department's critical health, safety and law enforcement 
        missions.
    (d) Duties of the Director of the Federal Bureau of Prisons.--
            (1) In general.--The Director shall carry out this section 
        in consultation with--
                    (A) a licensed and board-certified gynecologist or 
                obstetrician;
                    (B) the Director of the Administrative Office of 
                the United States Courts;
                    (C) the Director of the Office of Probation and 
                Pretrial Services;
                    (D) the Director of the National Institute of 
                Justice; and
                    (E) the Secretary of Health and Human Services.
            (2) Duties.--The Director shall, in accordance with 
        paragraph (3)--
                    (A) develop an offender risk and needs assessment 
                system particular to the health and sensitivities of 
                federally incarcerated pregnant women and mothers in 
                accordance with this subsection;
                    (B) develop recommendations regarding recidivism 
                reduction programs and productive activities in 
                accordance with subsection (i);
                    (C) conduct ongoing research and data analysis on--
                            (i) the best practices relating to the use 
                        of offender risk and needs assessment tools 
                        particular to the health and sensitivities of 
                        federally incarcerated pregnant women and 
                        mothers;
                            (ii) the best available risk and needs 
                        assessment tools particular to the health and 
                        sensitivities of federally incarcerated 
                        pregnant women and mothers and the level to 
                        which they rely on dynamic risk factors that 
                        could be addressed and changed over time, and 
                        on measures of risk of recidivism, individual 
                        needs, and responsivity to recidivism reduction 
                        programs;
                            (iii) the most effective and efficient uses 
                        of such tools in conjunction with recidivism 
                        reduction programs, productive activities, 
                        incentives, and rewards; and
                            (iv) which recidivism reduction programs 
                        are the most effective--
                                    (I) for federally incarcerated 
                                pregnant women and mothers classified 
                                at different recidivism risk levels; 
                                and
                                    (II) for addressing the specific 
                                needs of federally incarcerated 
                                pregnant women and mothers;
                    (D) on a biennial basis, review the system 
                developed under subparagraph (A) and the 
                recommendations developed under subparagraph (B), using 
                the research conducted under subparagraph (C), to 
                determine whether any revisions or updates should be 
                made, and if so, make such revisions or updates;
                    (E) hold periodic meetings with the individuals 
                listed in paragraph (1) at intervals to be determined 
                by the Director; and
                    (F) report to Congress in accordance with 
                subsection (i).
            (3) Methods.--In carrying out the duties under paragraph 
        (2), the Director shall--
                    (A) consult relevant stakeholders; and
                    (B) make decisions using data that is based on the 
                best available statistical and empirical evidence.
    (e) Eligibility.--An inmate may apply to participate in the Program 
if the inmate--
            (1) is pregnant at the beginning of the term of 
        imprisonment; and
            (2) is in the custody or control of the Federal Bureau of 
        Prisons.
    (f) Program Terms.--
            (1) Terms of participation.--To correspond with the 
        purposes and goals of the Program to promote bonding during the 
        critical stages of child development, an eligible inmate 
        selected for the Program may participate in the Program, 
        subject to subsection (g), for the shorter of the inmate's term 
        of imprisonment or 30 months.
            (2) Inmate requirements.--For the duration of an inmate's 
        participation in the Program, the inmate shall agree to--
                    (A) accept the responsibility of child-rearing;
                    (B) participate in any educational or counseling 
                opportunities established by the Director, including 
                topics such as child development, parenting skills, 
                domestic violence, vocational training, or substance 
                abuse;
                    (C) abide by any court decision regarding the legal 
                or physical custody of the child;
                    (D) transfer to the Federal Bureau of Prisons any 
                child support payments for the infant of the 
                participating inmate from any person or governmental 
                entity; and
                    (E) specify a person who has agreed to take custody 
                of the child if the inmate's participation in the 
                Program terminates before the inmate's release.
    (g) Termination of Participation.--An inmate's participation in the 
Program terminates upon the earliest of the following to occur:
            (1) The inmate is released from prison.
            (2) The infant fails to meet any medical criteria 
        established by the Director or the Director's designee along 
        with a collective determination of the persons listed in 
        subsection (d)(1).
    (h) Continuity of Care.--The Director shall take appropriate 
actions to prevent detachment or disruption of either an inmate's or 
infant's health and bonding-based well-being due to termination of the 
Program.
    (i) Reporting.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 6 months after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act and once every year thereafter for 5 
        years, the Director shall submit a report to the Congress with 
        regards to progress in implementing the Program.
            (2) Final report.--Not later than 6 months after the 
        termination of the Program, the Director shall issue a final 
        report to the Congress that contains a detailed statement of 
        the Director's findings and conclusions, including 
        recommendations for legislation, administrative actions, and 
        regulations the Director considers appropriate.
    (j) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2019 through 2023.

                        TITLE XII--OTHER MATTERS

SEC. 1201. NATIONAL STALKER AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE REDUCTION.

    Section 40603 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act 
of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12402) is amended by striking ``2014 through 2018'' 
and inserting ``2019 through 2023''.

SEC. 1202. FEDERAL VICTIM ASSISTANTS REAUTHORIZATION.

    Section 40114 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (Public Law 
103-322) is amended by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting 
``2019 through 2023''.

SEC. 1203. CHILD ABUSE TRAINING PROGRAMS FOR JUDICIAL PERSONNEL AND 
              PRACTITIONERS.

    Section 224(a) of the Crime Control Act of 1990 (34 U.S.C. 
20334(a)) is amended by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting 
``2019 through 2023''.

SEC. 1204. SEX OFFENDER MANAGEMENT.

    Section 40152(c) of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement 
Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12311(c)) is amended by striking ``2014 through 
2018'' and inserting ``2019 through 2023''.

SEC. 1205. COURT-APPOINTED SPECIAL ADVOCATE PROGRAM.

    Section 219(a) of the Crime Control Act of 1990 (34 U.S.C. 
20324(a)) is amended by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting 
``2019 through 2023''.

SEC. 1206. RAPE KIT BACKLOG.

    Subsection (j) of section 2 of the DNA Analysis Backlog Elimination 
Act of 2000 (34 U.S.C. 40701) is amended by striking ``2015 through 
2019'' and inserting ``2019 through 2023''.
                                 <all>