Text: H.R.770 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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Public Law No: 115-197 (07/20/2018)

 
[115th Congress Public Law 197]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]



[[Page 132 STAT. 1515]]

Public Law 115-197
115th Congress

                                 An Act


 
To require the Secretary of the Treasury to mint coins in recognition of 
American innovation and significant innovation and pioneering efforts of 
   individuals or groups from each of the 50 States, the District of 
 Columbia, and the United States territories, to promote the importance 
 of innovation in the United States, the District of Columbia, and the 
  United States territories, and for other purposes. <<NOTE: July 20, 
                          2018 -  [H.R. 770]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: American 
Innovation $1 Coin Act.>> 
SECTION 1. <<NOTE: 31 USC 5101 note.>>  SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``American Innovation $1 Coin Act''.
SEC. 2. AMERICAN INNOVATION $1 COIN PROGRAM.

    Section 5112 of title 31, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting after subsection (v) the following new subsection:
    ``(w) Redesign and Issuance of $1 Coins Honoring Innovation and 
Innovators From Each State, the District of Columbia, and Each 
Territory.--
            ``(1) Redesign beginning in 2019.--
                    ``(A) In general. <<NOTE: Time period.>> --
                Notwithstanding subsection (d)(1) and subsection (d)(2) 
                and in accordance with the provisions of this 
                subsection, during the 14-year period beginning on 
                January 1, 2019 (or such later date as provided under 
                subparagraph (B)(ii)), the Secretary of the Treasury 
                shall mint and issue $1 coins to be known as `American 
                Innovation $1 coins', that--
                          ``(i) have designs on the obverse selected in 
                      accordance with paragraph (2)(A); and
                          ``(ii) have a design on the reverse selected 
                      in accordance with paragraph (2)(B).
                    ``(B) Continuity provisions.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Notwithstanding 
                      subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall continue to 
                      mint and issue $1 coins honoring Native Americans 
                      and their contributions in accordance with 
                      subsection (r).
                          ``(ii) First coin.--Notwithstanding 
                      subparagraph (A), if the Secretary finds that it 
                      is feasible and cost-effective, the Secretary may 
                      mint and issue a $1 coin in 2018 to introduce the 
                      series of coins described in this subsection, 
                      that--
                                    ``(I) has the obverse described 
                                under paragraph (2)(A);
                                    ``(II) has a reverse that bears the 
                                inscription `United States of America' 
                                and `American

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                                 Innovators' and a representation of the 
                                signature of President George Washington 
                                on the first United States patent 
                                issued;
                                    ``(III) has the edge-incusing 
                                described under paragraph (2)(C); and
                                    ``(IV) the design for which has 
                                reviewed by the Citizens Coinage 
                                Advisory Committee.
                    ``(C) Definition of territory.--For purposes of this 
                subsection, the term `territory' means the Commonwealth 
                of Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the United States 
                Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern 
                Mariana Islands.
            ``(2) Design requirements.--Notwithstanding subsection 
        (d)(1) and subsection (d)(2), the $1 coins issued in accordance 
        with paragraph (1)(A) shall meet the following design 
        requirements:
                    ``(A) Coin obverse.--The common design on the 
                obverse of each coin issued under this subsection shall 
                contain--
                          ``(i) a likeness of the Statue of Liberty 
                      extending to the rim of the coin and large enough 
                      to provide a dramatic representation of Liberty;
                          ``(ii) the inscription `$1'; and
                          ``(iii) the inscription `In God We Trust'.
                    ``(B) Coin reverse.--The design on the reverse of 
                each coin issued under this subsection shall bear the 
                following:
                          ``(i) An image or images emblematic of one of 
                      the following from one of the 50 States, the 
                      District of Columbia, or the territories of the 
                      United States:
                                    ``(I) A significant innovation.
                                    ``(II) An innovator.
                                    ``(III) A group of innovators.
                          ``(ii) The name of the State, the District of 
                      Columbia, or territory, as applicable.
                          ``(iii) The inscription `United States of 
                      America'.
                    ``(C) Edge-incused inscriptions.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The inscription of the year 
                      of minting or issuance of the coin, the mint mark, 
                      and the inscription `E Pluribus Unum' shall be 
                      edge-incused into the coin.
                          ``(ii) Preservation of distinctive edge.--The 
                      edge-incusing of the inscriptions under clause (i) 
                      on coins issued under this subsection shall be 
                      done in a manner that preserves the distinctive 
                      edge of the coin so that the denomination of the 
                      coin is readily discernible, including by 
                      individuals who are blind or visually impaired.
            ``(3) Issuance of coins commemorating innovation or 
        innovators.--
                    ``(A) Order of issuance.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The coins issued under this 
                      subsection commemorating either an innovation, an 
                      individual innovator, or a group of innovators, 
                      from each State, the District of Columbia, or a 
                      territory shall be issued in the following order:
                                    ``(I) State.--With respect to each 
                                State, the coins shall be issued in the 
                                order in which the

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                                States ratified the Constitution of the 
                                United States or were admitted into the 
                                Union, as the case may be.
                                    ``(II) District of columbia and 
                                territories.--After all coins are issued 
                                under subclause (I), the coins shall be 
                                issued for the District of Columbia and 
                                the territories in the following order: 
                                the District of Columbia, the 
                                Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, 
                                American Samoa, the United States Virgin 
                                Islands, and the Commonwealth of the 
                                Northern Mariana Islands.
                          ``(ii) Application in event of the admission 
                      of additional states <<NOTE: Time period.>> .--
                      Notwithstanding clause (i), if any additional 
                      State is admitted into the Union before the end of 
                      the 14-year period referred to in paragraph (1), 
                      the Secretary of the Treasury may issue a $1 coin 
                      with respect to the additional State in accordance 
                      with clause (i)(I).
                          ``(iii) Application in the event of 
                      independence or adding of a territory.--
                      Notwithstanding clause (i)--
                                    ``(I) if any territory becomes 
                                independent or otherwise ceases to be a 
                                territory of the United States before $1 
                                coins are minted pursuant to this 
                                subsection, the subsection shall cease 
                                to apply with respect to such territory; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) if any new territory is added 
                                to the United States, $1 coins shall be 
                                issued for such territories in the order 
                                in which the new the territories are 
                                added, beginning after the $1 coin is 
                                issued for the Commonwealth of the 
                                Northern Mariana Islands.
                    ``(B) Issuance of coins commemorating four 
                innovations or innovators during each of 14 years.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Four $1 coin designs as 
                      described in this subsection shall be issued 
                      during each year of the period referred to in 
                      paragraph (1) until 1 coin featuring 1 innovation, 
                      an individual innovator, or a group of innovators, 
                      from each of the States, the District of Columbia, 
                      and territories has been issued.
                          ``(ii) Number of coins of each 
                      design <<NOTE: Determination.>> .--The Secretary 
                      shall prescribe, on the basis of such factors as 
                      the Secretary determines to be appropriate, the 
                      number of $1 coins that shall be issued with each 
                      of the designs selected for each year of the 
                      period referred to in paragraph (1).
            ``(4) Selection of concept and design.--
                    ``(A) Concept <<NOTE: Consultation.>> .--With 
                respect to each State, the District of Columbia, and 
                each territory to be honored with a coin under this 
                subsection, the selection of the significant innovation, 
                innovator, or group of innovators to be borne on the 
                reverse of such coin shall be made by the Secretary of 
                the Treasury, after consultation with the Governor or 
                other chief executive of the State, the District of 
                Columbia, or territory with respect to which a coin is 
                to be issued under this subsection.

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                    ``(B) Design.--Each of the designs required under 
                this subsection shall be selected by the Secretary 
                after--
                          ``(i) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  consultation 
                      with--
                                    ``(I) the Governor or other chief 
                                executive of the State, the District of 
                                Columbia, or territory with respect to 
                                which a coin is to be issued under this 
                                subsection; and
                                    ``(II) the Commission of Fine Arts; 
                                and
                          ``(ii) <<NOTE: Review.>>  review by the 
                      Citizens Coinage Advisory Committee.
                    ``(C) Selection and approval process.--Proposals for 
                designs for $1 coins under this subsection may be 
                submitted in accordance with the design selection and 
                approval process developed by the Secretary in the sole 
                discretion of the Secretary.
                    ``(D) Standards.--Because it is important that the 
                Nation's coinage and currency bear dignified designs of 
                which the citizens of the United States can be proud, 
                the Secretary shall not select any frivolous or 
                inappropriate design for any $1 coin minted under this 
                subsection.
                    ``(E) Prohibition on certain representations.--No 
                head and shoulders portrait or bust of any person and no 
                portrait of a living person may be included in the 
                design of any coin issued under this subsection.
            ``(5) Treatment as numismatic items.--For purposes of 
        sections 5134 and 5136, all $1 coins minted under this 
        subsection shall be considered to be numismatic items.
            ``(6) Issuance of numismatic coins.--The Secretary may mint 
        and issue such number of $1 coins of each design selected under 
        this subsection in uncirculated and proof qualities as the 
        Secretary determines to be appropriate.
            ``(7) Termination of program.--The issuance of coins under 
        this subsection shall terminate when one innovation, an 
        individual innovator, or a group of innovators, from each State, 
        the District of Columbia, and each territory has been honored 
        and may not be resumed except by an Act of Congress.''.

    Approved July 20, 2018.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--H.R. 770:
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CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 164 (2018):
            Jan. 16, considered and passed House.
            June 20, considered and passed Senate, amended.
            June 27, House concurred in Senate amendment.

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