Text: S.1253 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in Senate (05/25/2017)

 
[Congressional Bills 115th Congress]
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[S. 1253 Introduced in Senate (IS)]

<DOC>






115th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                S. 1253

        To improve the coordination and use of geospatial data.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                              May 25, 2017

    Mr. Hatch (for himself, Mr. Warner, Mr. Heller, and Mr. Wyden) 
introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the 
           Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
        To improve the coordination and use of geospatial data.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Geospatial Data Act of 2017''.

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act--
            (1) the term ``Advisory Committee'' means the National 
        Geospatial Advisory Committee described in section 4(a);
            (2) the term ``Committee'' means the Federal Geographic 
        Data Committee established under section 3(a);
            (3) the term ``covered agency'' means an agency, as defined 
        in section 551 of title 5, United States Code, that collects, 
        produces, acquires, maintains, distributes, uses, or preserves 
        geospatial data on paper or in electronic form to fulfill the 
        mission of the agency, either directly or through a 
        relationship with another organization, including a State, 
        local government, Indian tribe, institution of higher 
        education, business partner or contractor of the Federal 
        Government, and the public;
            (4) the term ``GeoPlatform'' means the GeoPlatform 
        described in section 8(a);
            (5) the term ``geospatial data''--
                    (A) means information that is tied to a location on 
                the Earth, including by identifying the geographic 
                location and characteristics of natural or constructed 
                features and boundaries on the Earth, and that is 
                generally represented by points, lines (for example a 
                road), polygons (for example a forest), or other 
                complex geographic features or phenomena (for example a 
                forest fire, the spread of West Nile virus, or the 
                infestation of pine-bark beetles);
                    (B) may be derived from, among other things, remote 
                sensing, mapping, and surveying technologies;
                    (C) includes--
                            (i) images and raster datasets, aerial 
                        photographs, and other forms of geospatial data 
                        or datasets in digitized or non-digitized form, 
                        specifically--
                                    (I) georeferenced data transcribed 
                                into a Geographic Information System or 
                                Land Information System format by 
                                manual or electronic means, and the 
                                maintenance of that data;
                                    (II) tax parcel maps, zoning maps, 
                                and other public data records 
                                transcribed into Geographic Information 
                                System or Land Information System 
                                formatted cadastres, and the 
                                maintenance of those cadastres if the 
                                data are not modified for other than 
                                graphical purposes;
                                    (III) data depicting the 
                                distribution of natural or cultural 
                                resources, features, or phenomena;
                                    (IV) data used by a Federal agency 
                                (including contractors of a Federal 
                                agency) in the preparation of military 
                                maps, quadrangle topographic maps, 
                                satellite imagery, or other maps or 
                                images that do not define real property 
                                boundaries;
                                    (V) data used by a Federal agency 
                                (including contractors of a Federal 
                                agency) in the preparation or 
                                transcription of documents or databases 
                                into a Geographical Information System 
                                or Land Information System format in 
                                the preparation or transcription of 
                                Federal census or other demographic 
                                data;
                                    (VI) data used by a law enforcement 
                                agency (including contractors of a law 
                                enforcement agency) in the preparation 
                                of documents or maps for traffic 
                                accidents, crime scenes, or similar 
                                purposes depicting physical features or 
                                events, or generating or using 
                                georeferenced data involving crime 
                                statistics or criminal activities;
                                    (VII) data used by a public safety 
                                official conducting, reporting on, or 
                                testifying about or otherwise 
                                performing duties regarding an official 
                                investigation; and
                                    (VIII) data used to create general 
                                maps prepared for private firms or 
                                government agencies for--
                                            (aa) use as guides to 
                                        motorists, boaters, aviators, 
                                        or pedestrians;
                                            (bb) publication in a 
                                        gazetteer or an atlas as an 
                                        educational tool or reference 
                                        publication;
                                            (cc) use in the curriculum 
                                        of any course of study;
                                            (dd) use as an illustrative 
                                        guide to the geographic 
                                        location of any event, produced 
                                        in any electronic or print 
                                        media; or
                                            (ee) conversational or 
                                        illustrative purposes, 
                                        including use as advertising 
                                        material or user guides;
                            (ii) data collected through the provision 
                        of services performed by professionals such as 
                        surveyors, photogrammetrists, hydrographers, 
                        geodesists, or cartographers in the creation, 
                        collection, or application of--
                                    (I) georeferenced graphical or 
                                digital data to depict natural or 
                                manmade physical features, phenomena, 
                                or boundaries of the Earth and real 
                                property thereon;
                                    (II) geospatial intelligence; or
                                    (III) geometric measurements and 
                                related information pertaining to the 
                                physical or legal features of the 
                                Earth, improvements on the Earth, the 
                                space above, on, or below the Earth; 
                                and
                            (iii) any information relating to data 
                        described in clause (ii), including any such 
                        data that comprises a survey, map, chart, 
                        geographic information system, remotely sensed 
                        image or data, or an aerial photograph 
                        through--
                                    (I) determining by measurement the 
                                configuration or contour of the Earth's 
                                surface or the position of fixed 
                                objects thereon;
                                    (II) determining by performing 
                                geodetic surveys the size and shape of 
                                the Earth or the position of any point 
                                on the Earth;
                                    (III) locating, relocating, 
                                establishing, reestablishing, or 
                                retracing property lines or boundaries 
                                of any tract of land, road, right of 
                                way, or easement;
                                    (IV) making any survey for the 
                                division, subdivision, or consolidation 
                                of one or more tracts of land;
                                    (V) locating or laying out 
                                alignments, positions, or elevations 
                                for the construction of fixed works;
                                    (VI) determining, by the use of 
                                principles of surveying, the position 
                                for any survey monument (boundary or 
                                non-boundary) or reference point or 
                                establishing or replacing any such 
                                monument or reference point; or
                                    (VII) creating, preparing, or 
                                modifying electronic or computerized or 
                                other data, relative to the performance 
                                of the activities described in this 
                                clause or clause (ii); and
                    (D) does not include geospatial data activities of 
                an Indian tribe not carried out, in whole or in part, 
                using Federal funds, as determined by the tribal 
                government;
            (6) the term ``Indian tribe'' has the meaning given that 
        term under section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and 
        Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b);
            (7) the term ``institution of higher education'' has the 
        meaning given that term under section 102 of the Higher 
        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1002);
            (8) the term ``lead covered agency'' means a lead covered 
        agency for an NGDA data theme designated under section 6(b)(1);
            (9) the term ``local government'' means any city, county, 
        township, town, borough, parish, village, or other general 
        purpose political subdivision of a State;
            (10) the term ``metadata for geospatial data'' means 
        information about geospatial data, including the content, 
        source, vintage, accuracy, condition, projection, responsible 
        party, contact phone number, method of collection, and other 
        characteristics or descriptions of the geospatial data;
            (11) the term ``NGDA data theme'' means the National 
        Geospatial Data Asset core geospatial datasets (including 
        electronic records and coordinates) relating to a topic or 
        subject designated under section 6;
            (12) the term ``National Spatial Data Infrastructure'' 
        means the technology, policies, criteria, standards, and 
        employees necessary to promote geospatial data sharing 
        throughout the Federal Government, State, tribal, and local 
        governments, and the private sector (including nonprofit 
        organizations and institutions of higher education); and
            (13) the term ``proven practices'' means methods and 
        activities that advance the use of geospatial data for the 
        benefit of society.

SEC. 3. FEDERAL GEOGRAPHIC DATA COMMITTEE.

    (a) In General.--There is established in the Office of Management 
and Budget an interagency committee to be known as the Federal 
Geographic Data Committee, which shall act as the lead entity in the 
executive branch for the development, implementation, and review of 
policies, practices, and standards relating to geospatial data.
    (b) Membership.--
            (1) Chairperson and vice chairperson.--The Director of the 
        Office of Management and Budget and the Secretary of the 
        Interior shall serve as Chairperson of the Committee and Vice 
        Chairperson of the Committee, respectively.
            (2) Other members.--The President shall appoint the other 
        members of the Committee from among the officers and employees 
        of covered agencies.
    (c) Duties.--The Committee shall--
            (1) lead the development and management of and operational 
        decisionmaking for the National Spatial Data Infrastructure 
        strategic plan and geospatial data policy in accordance with 
        section 5;
            (2) designate NGDA data themes and oversee the coordinated 
        management of the NGDA data themes in accordance with section 
        6;
            (3) establish and maintain geospatial data standards in 
        accordance with section 7;
            (4) periodically review and determine the extent to which 
        covered agencies comply with geospatial data standards;
            (5) ensure that the GeoPlatform operates in accordance with 
        section 8;
            (6) direct and facilitate national implementation of the 
        system of NGDA data themes;
            (7) communicate with and foster communication among covered 
        agencies and others entities and individuals relating to 
        geospatial data technology development, transfer, and exchange 
        in order to--
                    (A) identify and meet the needs of users of 
                geospatial data;
                    (B) promote cost-effective data collection, 
                documentation, maintenance, distribution, and 
                preservation strategies; and
                    (C) leverage Federal and non-Federal resources;
            (8) define roles and responsibilities and promote and guide 
        cooperation and coordination among agencies of the Federal 
        Government, State, tribal, and local governments, institutions 
        of higher education, and the private sector in the collection, 
        production, sharing, and use of geospatial information, the 
        implementation of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure, and 
        the identification of proven practices;
            (9) coordinate with international organizations having an 
        interest in the National Spatial Data Infrastructure or global 
        spatial data infrastructures;
            (10) make available online and update at least annually--
                    (A) a summary of the status for each NGDA data 
                theme, based on the report submitted by the applicable 
                lead covered agency under section 6(b)(3)(E)(ii)(I), 
                which shall include--
                            (i) an evaluation of the progress of each 
                        lead covered agency in achieving the 
                        requirements under subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), 
                        and (D) of section 6(b)(3); and
                            (ii) a determination of whether, for each 
                        of subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), and (D) of 
                        section 6(b)(3), each lead covered agency meets 
                        expectations, has made progress toward 
                        expectations, or fails to meet expectations;
                    (B) a summary and evaluation of the achievements of 
                each covered agency, based on the annual report 
                submitted by the covered agency under section 9(b)(1), 
                which shall include a determination of whether the 
                covered agency meets expectations, has made progress 
                toward expectations, or fails to meet expectations for 
                each of paragraphs (1) through (14) of section 9(a);
                    (C) a collection of periodic technical 
                publications, management articles, and reports related 
                to the National Spatial Data Infrastructure; and
                    (D) a membership directory for the Committee, 
                including identifying members of any subcommittee or 
                working group of the Committee;
            (11)(A) make available to and request comments from the 
        Advisory Committee regarding the summaries and evaluations 
        required under subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (10);
            (B) if requested by the Advisory Committee, respond to any 
        comments by the Advisory Committee; and
            (C) not less than once every 2 years, submit to Congress a 
        report that includes the summaries and evaluations required 
        under subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (10), the comments 
        of the Advisory Committee, and the responses of the Committee 
        to the comments;
            (12)(A) make available to and request comments from covered 
        agencies regarding the summaries and evaluations required under 
        subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (10); and
            (B) not less than once every 2 years, submit to Congress a 
        report that includes the comments of the covered agencies and 
        the responses of the Committee to the comments; and
            (13) support and promote the infrastructure of networks, 
        systems, services, and standards that provide a digital 
        representation of the Earth to users for many applications.

SEC. 4. NATIONAL GEOSPATIAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE.

    (a) Establishment.--There is in the executive branch the National 
Geospatial Advisory Committee to provide advice and recommendations to 
the Chairperson of the Committee.
    (b) Membership.--
            (1) Composition.--The Advisory Committee shall be composed 
        of 30 members who shall be--
                    (A) appointed by the Chairperson of the Committee;
                    (B) selected--
                            (i) to generally achieve a balanced 
                        representation of the viewpoints of various 
                        interested parties involved in national 
                        geospatial activities and the development of 
                        the National Spatial Data Infrastructure; and
                            (ii) with consideration of a geographic 
                        balance of residence of the members; and
                    (C) selected from among groups involved in the 
                geospatial community, including--
                            (i) States;
                            (ii) local governments;
                            (iii) regional governments;
                            (iv) tribal governments;
                            (v) private sector entities;
                            (vi) geospatial information user 
                        industries;
                            (vii) professional associations;
                            (viii) scholarly associations;
                            (ix) nonprofit organizations;
                            (x) academia; and
                            (xi) the Federal Government.
            (2) Chairperson.--The Chairperson of the Committee shall 
        appoint the Chairperson of the Advisory Committee.
            (3) Period of appointment; vacancies.--
                    (A) In general.--Members shall be appointed for a 
                term of 3 years, with the term of \1/3\ of the members 
                expiring each year.
                    (B) Vacancies.--Any vacancy in the Advisory 
                Committee shall not affect its powers, but shall be 
                filled in the same manner as the original appointment.
            (4) Limit on terms.--An individual--
                    (A) may not be appointed to more than 2 consecutive 
                terms as a member of the Advisory Committee; and
                    (B) after serving for 2 consecutive terms, is 
                eligible to be appointed as a member of the Advisory 
                Committee on and after the date that is 2 years after 
                the end of the second consecutive term of the 
                individual as a member of the Advisory Committee.
            (5) Ethical requirements.--A member of the Advisory 
        Committee may not participate in any specific-party matter 
        (including a lease, license, permit, contract, claim, 
        agreement, or related litigation) with the Department of the 
        Interior in which the member has a direct financial interest.
            (6) Incumbents.--
                    (A) In general.--An individual serving on the day 
                before the date of enactment of this Act as a member of 
                the National Geospatial Advisory Committee established 
                by the Secretary of the Interior may serve as a member 
                of the Advisory Committee until the end of the term of 
                the individual under the appointment.
                    (B) Limit on terms.--Any period of service as a 
                member of the National Geospatial Advisory Committee 
                established by the Secretary of the Interior shall be 
                considered a period of service as a member of the 
                Advisory Committee for purposes of paragraph (4).
    (c) Subcommittees.--A subcommittee of the Advisory Committee--
            (1) may be formed for the purposes of compiling information 
        or conducting research;
            (2) shall be composed of members appointed by the 
        Chairperson of the Advisory Committee;
            (3) shall act only under the direction of the Chairperson 
        of the Advisory Committee;
            (4) shall report the recommendations of the subcommittee to 
        the Advisory Committee for consideration; and
            (5) shall meet as necessary to accomplish the objectives of 
        the subcommittee, subject to the approval of the Chairperson of 
        the Advisory Committee and the availability of resources.
    (d) Meetings.--
            (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall meet at the 
        call of the Chairman, not less than 1 time each year and not 
        more than 4 times each year.
            (2) Quorum.--A majority of the members of the Advisory 
        Committee shall constitute a quorum, but a lesser number of 
        members may hold hearings.
    (e) Duties of the Advisory Committee.--The Advisory Committee 
shall--
            (1) provide advice and recommendations relating to--
                    (A) the management of Federal and national 
                geospatial programs;
                    (B) the development of the National Spatial Data 
                Infrastructure; and
                    (C) implementation of this Act;
            (2) review and comment on geospatial policy and management 
        issues; and
            (3) ensure the views of representatives of non-Federal 
        interested parties involved in national geospatial activities 
        are conveyed to the Committee.
    (f) Powers of the Advisory Committee.--
            (1) Hearings.--The Advisory Committee may hold such 
        hearings, sit and act at such times and places, take such 
        testimony, and receive such evidence as the Advisory Committee 
        considers advisable to carry out this Act.
            (2) Information from covered agencies.--
                    (A) In general.--The Advisory Committee may secure 
                directly from any covered agency such information as 
                the Advisory Committee considers necessary to carry out 
                this Act. Upon request of the Chairperson of the 
                Advisory Committee, the head of such agency shall 
                furnish such information to the Advisory Committee.
                    (B) Noncooperation.--The Advisory Committee shall 
                include in the comments of the Advisory Committee 
                submitted under section 3(c)(11) a discussion of any 
                failure by a covered agency to furnish information in 
                response to a request under subparagraph (A) of this 
                paragraph.
            (3) Postal services.--The Advisory Committee may use the 
        United States mails in the same manner and under the same 
        conditions as other agencies of the Federal Government.
            (4) Gifts.--The Advisory Committee--
                    (A) may accept, use, and dispose of gifts or 
                donations of services or property; and
                    (B) shall establish rules for the acceptance, use, 
                and disposition of gifts and donations that avoid any 
                conflict of interest or appearance of a conflict of 
                interest.
    (g) Advisory Committee Personnel Matters.--
            (1) No compensation of members.--
                    (A) Non-federal employees.--A member of the 
                Advisory Committee who is not an officer or employee of 
                the Federal Government shall serve without 
                compensation.
                    (B) Federal employees.--A member of the Advisory 
                Committee who is an officer or employee of the Federal 
                Government shall serve without compensation in addition 
                to the compensation received for the services of the 
                member as an officer or employee of the Federal 
                Government.
            (2) Travel expenses.--The members of the Advisory Committee 
        shall be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of 
        subsistence, at rates authorized for employees of agencies 
        under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, United States 
        Code, while away from their homes or regular places of business 
        in the performance of services for the Advisory Committee.
            (3) Detail of government employees.--Any Federal Government 
        employee may be detailed to the Advisory Committee without 
        reimbursement, and such detail shall be without interruption or 
        loss of civil service status or privilege.
    (h) Applicability of FACA.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall apply to 
        the Advisory Committee.
            (2) No termination.--Section 14(a)(2) of the Federal 
        Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the 
        Advisory Committee.
    (i) Termination.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        Advisory Committee shall terminate 10 years after the date of 
        enactment of this Act.
            (2) Continuation.--The Advisory Committee may be continued 
        for successive 10-year periods by action taken by the Director 
        of the Office of Management and Budget to renew the Advisory 
        Committee before the date on which the Advisory Committee would 
        otherwise terminate.

SEC. 5. NATIONAL SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE.

    (a) In General.--The National Spatial Data Infrastructure shall 
ensure that geospatial data from multiple sources (including the 
Federal Government, State, local, and tribal governments, the private 
sector, and institutions of higher education) is available and easily 
integrated to enhance the understanding of the physical and cultural 
world.
    (b) Goals.--The goals of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure 
are to--
            (1) ensure--
                    (A) the privacy and security of the personal data 
                of individuals and accuracy of statistical information 
                on individuals, both in raw form and in derived 
                information products;
                    (B) free access for the public to geospatial data, 
                information, and interpretive products, in accordance 
                with Office of Management and Budget Circular A-130, or 
                any successor thereto;
                    (C) the protection of proprietary interests related 
                to licensed information and data; and
                    (D) the interoperability of Federal information 
                systems to enable the drawing of resources from covered 
                agencies and partners of covered agencies; and
            (2) support and advance the establishment of a Global 
        Spatial Data Infrastructure, consistent with national security, 
        national defense, national intelligence, and international 
        trade requirements, including insuring that covered agencies 
        develop international geospatial data in accordance with 
        international voluntary consensus standards, as defined in 
        Office of Management and Budget Circular A-119, or any 
        successor thereto.
    (c) Strategic Plan.--The Committee shall prepare and maintain a 
strategic plan for the development and implementation of the National 
Spatial Data Infrastructure in a manner consistent with national 
security, national defense, and emergency preparedness program policies 
regarding data accessibility.
    (d) Advisory Role.--The Committee shall advise Federal and non-
Federal users of geospatial data on their responsibilities relating to 
implementation of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure.

SEC. 6. NGDA DATA THEMES.

    (a) In General.--The Committee shall designate as NGDA data themes 
the primary topics and subjects for which the coordinated development, 
maintenance, and dissemination of geospatial data will benefit the 
Federal Government and the interests of the people of the United 
States, which shall--
            (1) be representations of conceptual topics describing 
        digital spatial information for the Nation; and
            (2) contain associated datasets (with attribute records and 
        coordinates)--
                    (A) that are documented, verifiable, and officially 
                designated to meet recognized standards;
                    (B) that may be used in common; and
                    (C) from which other datasets may be derived.
    (b) Lead Covered Agencies.--
            (1) In general.--For each NGDA data theme, the Committee 
        shall designate one or more covered agencies as the lead 
        covered agencies for the NGDA data theme.
            (2) General responsibility.--The lead covered agencies for 
        an NGDA data theme shall be responsible for ensuring the 
        coordinated management of the data, supporting resources 
        (including technology and personnel), and related services and 
        products of the NGDA data theme.
            (3) Specific responsibilities.--To assist in fulfilling the 
        responsibilities under paragraph (2) with respect to an NGDA 
        data theme, the lead covered agencies shall--
                    (A) provide leadership and facilitate the 
                development and implementation of geospatial data 
                standards for the NGDA data theme, with a particular 
                emphasis on a data content standard for the NGDA data 
                theme, including by--
                            (i) assessing existing standards;
                            (ii) identifying anticipated or needed data 
                        standards; and
                            (iii) developing a plan to originate and 
                        implement needed standards with relevant 
                        community and international practices--
                                    (I) in accordance with Office of 
                                Management and Budget Circular A-119, 
                                or any successor thereto; and
                                    (II) consistent with or as a part 
                                of the plan described in subparagraph 
                                (B);
                    (B) provide leadership and facilitate the 
                development and implementation of a plan for nationwide 
                population of the NGDA data theme, which shall--
                            (i) include developing partnership programs 
                        with States, Indian tribes, institutions of 
                        higher education, private sector entities, 
                        other Federal agencies, and local governments;
                            (ii) meet the needs of users of geospatial 
                        data;
                            (iii) address human and financial resource 
                        needs;
                            (iv) identify needs relating to standards, 
                        metadata for geospatial data within the NGDA 
                        data theme, and the GeoPlatform; and
                            (v) expedite the development of necessary 
                        NGDA data themes;
                    (C) establish goals that support the strategic plan 
                for the National Spatial Data Infrastructure prepared 
                under section 5(c);
                    (D) as necessary, collect and analyze information 
                from users of geospatial data within the NGDA data 
                theme regarding the needs of the users for geospatial 
                data and incorporate the needs of users in strategies 
                relating to the NGDA data theme; and
                    (E) as part of administering the NGDA data theme--
                            (i) designate a point of contact within the 
                        lead covered agency who shall be responsible 
                        for developing, maintaining, coordination 
                        relating to, and disseminating data using the 
                        GeoPlatform;
                            (ii) submit to the Committee--
                                    (I) a performance report, at least 
                                annually, that documents the activities 
                                relating to and implementation of the 
                                NGDA data theme, including progress in 
                                achieving the requirements under 
                                subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), and (D); 
                                and
                                    (II) comments, as appropriate, 
                                regarding the summary and evaluation of 
                                the performance report provided by the 
                                Committee under section 3(c)(12);
                            (iii) publish maps or comparable graphics 
                        online (in accordance with the mapping 
                        conventions specified by the Committee) showing 
                        the extent and status of the NGDA data themes 
                        for which the covered agency is a lead covered 
                        agency;
                            (iv) encourage individuals and entities 
                        that are a source of geospatial data or 
                        metadata for geospatial data for the NGDA data 
                        theme to provide access to such data through 
                        the GeoPlatform;
                            (v) coordinate with the GeoPlatform; and
                            (vi) identify and publish proven practices 
                        for the use and application of geospatial data 
                        of the lead covered agency.

SEC. 7. GEOSPATIAL DATA STANDARDS.

    (a) In General.--In accordance with section 216 of the E-Government 
Act of 2002 (44 U.S.C. 3501 note), the Committee shall establish 
standards for each NGDA data theme, which--
            (1) shall include--
                    (A) rules, conditions, guidelines, and 
                characteristics for the geospatial data within the NGDA 
                data theme and related processes, technology, and 
                organization; and
                    (B) content standards for metadata for geospatial 
                data within the NGDA data theme;
            (2) to the maximum extent practicable, shall be consistent 
        international standards and protocols; and
            (3) the Committee shall periodically review and update as 
        necessary for the standards to remain current, relevant, and 
        effective.
    (b) Development of Standards.--The Committee shall--
            (1) develop and promulgate standards under this section--
                    (A) in accordance with Office of Management and 
                Budget Circular A-119, or any successor thereto; and
                    (B) after consultation with a broad range of data 
                users and providers;
            (2) to the maximum extent possible, use national and 
        international standards adopted by voluntary standards 
        consensus bodies; and
            (3) establish new standards only to the extent standards 
        described in paragraph (2) do not exist.
    (c) Exclusion.--The Director of the Office of Management and Budget 
shall withhold from public disclosure any information the disclosure of 
which reasonably could be expected to cause damage to the national 
interest, security, or defense of the United States, including 
information relating to geospatial intelligence data activities, as 
determined in consultation with the Director of National Intelligence.

SEC. 8. GEOPLATFORM.

    (a) In General.--The Committee shall operate an electronic service 
that provides access to geospatial data and metadata for geospatial 
data, to be known as the GeoPlatform.
    (b) Implementation.--The GeoPlatform--
            (1) shall--
                    (A) be available through the Internet and other 
                communications means;
                    (B) be accessible through a common interface;
                    (C) include all geospatial data collected by 
                covered agencies, directly or indirectly; and
                    (D) include a set of programming instructions and 
                standards providing an automated means of accessing 
                available geospatial data, which--
                            (i) harmonize sources and data standards 
                        associated with geospatial data, including 
                        metadata; and
                            (ii) to the maximum extent practicable, as 
                        determined by the Chairperson of the Committee, 
                        shall be made publicly available; and
            (2) may include geospatial data from a source other than a 
        covered agency, if determined appropriate by the Committee.

SEC. 9. COVERED AGENCY RESPONSIBILITIES.

    (a) In General.--Each covered agency shall--
            (1) prepare, maintain, publish, and implement a strategy 
        for advancing geographic information and related geospatial 
        data activities appropriate to the mission of the covered 
        agency, in support of the strategic plan for the National 
        Spatial Data Infrastructure prepared under section 5(c);
            (2) collect, maintain, disseminate, and preserve geospatial 
        data such that the resulting data, information, or products can 
        be readily shared with other Federal agencies and non-Federal 
        users;
            (3) promote the integration of geospatial data from all 
        sources;
            (4) ensure that data information products and other records 
        created in geospatial data activities are included on agency 
        record schedules that have been approved by the National 
        Archives and Records Administration;
            (5) allocate resources to fulfill the responsibilities of 
        effective geospatial data collection, production, and 
        stewardship with regard to related activities of the covered 
        agency, and as necessary to support the activities of the 
        Committee;
            (6) use the geospatial data standards, including the 
        standards for metadata for geospatial data, and other 
        appropriate standards, including documenting geospatial data 
        with the relevant metadata and making metadata available 
        through the GeoPlatform;
            (7) coordinate and work in partnership with other Federal 
        agencies, agencies of State, tribal, and local governments, 
        institutions of higher education, and the private sector to 
        efficiently and cost-effectively collect, integrate, maintain, 
        disseminate, and preserve geospatial data, building upon 
        existing non-Federal geospatial data to the extent possible;
            (8) use geospatial information to--
                    (A) make Federal geospatial information and 
                services more useful to the public;
                    (B) enhance operations;
                    (C) support decisionmaking; and
                    (D) enhance reporting to the public and to 
                Congress;
            (9) protect personal privacy and maintain confidentiality 
        in accordance with Federal policy and law;
            (10) support emergency response activities requiring 
        geospatial data in accordance with the Robert T. Stafford 
        Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et 
        seq.) and other governing law;
            (11) participate in determining, when applicable, whether 
        data declassified pursuant to Executive Order 12951 can 
        contribute to and become a part of the National Spatial Data 
        Infrastructure;
            (12) search all sources, including the GeoPlatform, to 
        determine if existing Federal, State, local, or private 
        geospatial data meets the needs of the covered agency before 
        expending funds for geospatial data collection;
            (13) to the maximum extent practicable, ensure that a 
        person receiving Federal funds for geospatial data collection 
        provides high-quality data; and
            (14) appoint a contact to coordinate with the lead covered 
        agencies for collection, acquisition, maintenance, and 
        dissemination of the NGDA data themes used by the covered 
        agency.
    (b) Reporting.--
            (1) In general.--Each covered agency shall submit to the 
        Committee an annual report regarding the achievements of the 
        covered agency in preparing and implementing the strategy 
        described in subsection (a)(1) and complying with the other 
        requirements under subsection (a).
            (2) Budget submission.--Each covered agency shall include 
        geospatial data as a capital asset for purposes of preparing 
        the budget submission of the President under section 1105(a) of 
        title 31, United States Code (including for purposes of the 
        information required under submissions under exhibits 53 and 
        300 of Office of Management and Budget Circular A-11, relating 
        to planning, budgeting, acquisition, and management of major 
        information technology capital investments, or any successor 
        thereto).
            (3) Disclosure.--Each covered agency shall disclose each 
        contract, cooperative agreement, grant, or other transaction 
        that deals with geospatial data, which may include posting 
        information relating to the contract, cooperative agreement, 
        grant, or other transaction on www.USAspending.gov, or any 
        successor thereto.
            (4) OMB review.--In reviewing the annual budget 
        justifications submitted by covered agencies, the Office of 
        Management and Budget shall take into consideration the summary 
        and evaluations required under subparagraphs (A) and (B) of 
        section 3(c)(10), comments, and replies to comments as required 
        under paragraphs (11) and (12) of section 3(c), in its annual 
        evaluation of the budget justification of each covered agency.
            (5) Reporting.--The Office of Management and Budget shall 
        include a discussion of the summaries and evaluation of the 
        progress in establishing the National Spatial Data 
        Infrastructure in each E-Government status report submitted 
        under section 3606 of title 44, United States Code.
    (c) Audits.--Not less than once every 2 years, the Inspector 
General of a covered agency (or senior ethics official of the covered 
agency for a covered agency without an Inspector General) shall submit 
to Congress an audit of the collection, production, acquisition, 
maintenance, distribution, use, and preservation of geospatial data by 
the covered agency, which shall include a review of--
            (1) the compliance of the covered agency with the standards 
        for geospatial data, including metadata for geospatial data, 
        established under section 7;
            (2) the compliance of the covered agency with the 
        requirements under subsection (a); and
            (3) the compliance of the covered agency on the limitation 
        on the use of Federal funds under section 10.

SEC. 10. LIMITATION ON USE OF FEDERAL FUNDS.

    On and after the date that is 4 years after the date of enactment 
of this Act, Federal funds shall not be available for the collection, 
production, acquisition, maintenance, or dissemination of geospatial 
data that does not comply with applicable standards established under 
section 7, as determined by the Committee.

SEC. 11. USE OF THE PRIVATE SECTOR.

    (a) In General.--The Committee and each covered agency shall, to 
the maximum extent practical, rely upon and use private individuals and 
entities in the United States for the acquisition of commercially 
available surveying and mapping and the provision of geospatial data 
and services. The Federal Government shall not commence or continue any 
surveying and mapping activity to provide, duplicate, or compete with a 
commercial product or service if the product or service is available on 
a more economical basis from a commercial source
    (b) Definition.--For purposes of selecting a firm for a contract 
under chapter 11 of title 40, United States Code, the term ``surveying 
and mapping'' shall have the meaning given the term ``geospatial data'' 
in section 2 of this Act.
    (c) Modification of Federal Acquisition Regulation.--Part 36 of the 
Federal Acquisition Regulation (48 C.F.R. 36.000 et seq.) shall be 
revised to specify that the definition of the term ``architectural and 
engineering services'' includes surveying and mapping services and the 
acquisition of geospatial data, to which the selection procedures of 
subpart 36.6 of such part 36 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation 
shall apply.

SEC. 12. RELATIONSHIP TO STATE LAW.

    Nothing in this Act shall preempt the laws of any State relating to 
the performance of services of a surveying, mapping, or geospatial 
nature which, to any extent, are required to be performed or approved 
by a person licensed, registered, or certified to provide such services 
under such State law.
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