Text: S.1346 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in Senate (06/13/2017)


115th CONGRESS
1st Session
S. 1346


To amend the Uniform Code of Military Justice to prohibit the nonconsensual distribution of private sexual images and to prohibit harassment, and for other purposes.


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

June 13, 2017

Ms. Warren (for herself and Mr. Sullivan) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Armed Services


A BILL

To amend the Uniform Code of Military Justice to prohibit the nonconsensual distribution of private sexual images and to prohibit harassment, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Protecting Ser­vice­mem­bers Online Act of 2017”.

SEC. 2. Prohibition on nonconsensual distribution of private sexual images.

(a) Prohibition.—Section 920c of title 10, United States Code (article 120c of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended—

(1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and

(2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new subsection (d):

“(d) Nonconsensual distribution of private sexual images.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—Any person subject to this chapter who—

“(A) knowingly broadcasts or distributes a visual image of another person who—

“(i) is at least 18 years of age;

“(ii) is identifiable from the image itself or from information displayed in connection with the image;

“(iii) is engaged in a sexual act or exposes a private area; and

“(iv) had a reasonable expectation of privacy in the conduct depicted on the image;

“(B) knows that the image was to remain private;

“(C) knows that the person depicted in the image has not consented to the broadcast or distribution; and

“(D) broadcasts or distributes the image with the intent to harm, harass, intimidate, or coerce the person depicted in the image;

is guilty of an offense under this subsection and shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.

“(2) CONSTRUCTION OF CERTAIN BROADCAST OR DISTRIBUTION.—The broadcast or distribution by a person of a visual image of the person to one other particular person shall not, by itself, constitute consent for the broadcast or distribution of the visual image by that particular person to any other person or persons for purposes of this subsection.”.

(b) Effective date.—The amendments made by subsection (a) shall apply to offenses committed on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 3. Prohibition on harassment.

(a) Punitive article.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Subchapter X of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended by inserting after section 917 (article 117) the following new section (article):

§ 917a. Art. 117a. Harassment

“(a) In general.—Any person subject to this chapter who—

“(1) intentionally engages in a course of conduct, including broadcast or transmission by electronic means, with the intent to cause harm through directing harassing communications at one or more specific other persons; and

“(2) causes harm to the other person or persons, or to the military unit of the other person or persons, by the harassing communication;

is guilty of an offense under this section and shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.

“(b) Definitions.—In this section:

“(1) The term ‘course of conduct’ means a pattern of conduct consisting of two or more acts directed to a specific person or persons and evidencing a continuity of purpose.

“(2) The term ‘harassing communication’ means a communication that—

“(A) seriously intimidates or harasses another person or persons;

“(B) would cause a reasonable person to suffer substantial emotional distress; and

“(C) serves no military purpose.”.

(2) CLERICAL AMENDMENT.—The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter X of chapter 47 of such title is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 917 (article 117) the following new item:


“917a. 117a. Harassment.”.

(b) Coordination with UCMJ reform.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Effective as of the effective date of the amendments made by division E of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114–328), as provided in section 5542(a) of that Act, and immediately after the coming into effect of such amendments, subchapter X of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is further amended—

(A) by transferring section 917a (article 117a), as added by subsection (a), to appear after section 915 (article 115), as amended by section 5427 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017; and

(B) by redesignating such section (article), as so transferred, as section 915a (article 115a).

(2) CLERICAL AMENDMENTS.—Effective as of the effective date provided in paragraph (1), the table of sections at the beginning of subchapter X of chapter 47 of such title, as amended by section 5452 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is further amended—

(A) by inserting after the item relating to section 915 (article 115) the following new item:


“915a. 115a. Harassment.”;

and

(B) by striking the item relating to section 917a (article 117a).