Text: S.1519 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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Placed on Calendar Senate (07/10/2017)

 
[Congressional Bills 115th Congress]
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[S. 1519 Placed on Calendar Senate (PCS)]

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                                                       Calendar No. 165
115th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                S. 1519

                          [Report No. 115-125]

     To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2018 for military 
activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and 
   for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe 
   military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other 
                               purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                             July 10, 2017

    Mr. McCain, from the Committee on Armed Services, reported the 
    following original bill; which was read twice and placed on the 
                                calendar

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
     To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2018 for military 
activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and 
   for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe 
   military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other 
                               purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2018''.

SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into four divisions as 
follows:
            (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
            (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
            (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
        Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
            (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.
            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.
                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Transfer of excess High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled 
                            Vehicles to foreign countries.
Sec. 112. Limitation on availability of funds for Army Air-Land Mobile 
                            Tactical Communications and Data Network, 
                            including Warfighter Information Network-
                            Tactical (WIN-T).
                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Multiyear procurement authority for Virginia class submarine 
                            program.
Sec. 122. Arleigh Burke class destroyers.
Sec. 123. Multiyear procurement authority for V-22 joint aircraft 
                            program.
Sec. 124. Design and construction of amphibious ship replacement 
                            designated LX(R) or amphibious transport 
                            dock designated LPD-30.
Sec. 125. Modification of cost limitation baseline for CVN-78 class 
                            aircraft carrier program.
Sec. 126. Extension of limitation on use of sole-source shipbuilding 
                            contracts for certain vessels.
                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. Inventory requirement for Air Force fighter aircraft.
Sec. 132. Comptroller General review of total force integration 
                            initiatives for reserve component rescue 
                            squadrons.
       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 141. F-35 economic order quantity contracting authority.
Sec. 142. Authority for Explosive Ordnance Disposal units to acquire 
                            new or emerging technologies and 
                            capabilities.
         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.
    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Mechanisms for expedited access to technical talent and 
                            expertise at academic institutions to 
                            support Department of Defense missions.
Sec. 212. Codification and enhancement of authorities to provide funds 
                            for defense laboratories for research and 
                            development of technologies for military 
                            missions.
Sec. 213. Modification of laboratory quality enhancement program.
Sec. 214. Prizes for advanced technology achievements.
Sec. 215. Expansion of definition of competitive procedures to include 
                            competitive selection for award of research 
                            and development proposals.
Sec. 216. Inclusion of modeling and simulation in test and evaluation 
                            activities for purposes of planning and 
                            budget certification.
Sec. 217. Differentiation of research and development activities from 
                            service activities.
Sec. 218. Designation of additional Department of Defense science and 
                            technology reinvention laboratories.
Sec. 219. Department of Defense directed energy weapon system 
                            prototyping and demonstration program.
Sec. 220. Authority for the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
                            Engineering to promote innovation in the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 221. Limitation on availability of funds for F-35 Joint Strike 
                            Fighter Follow-On Modernization.
Sec. 222. Improvement of update process for populating mission data 
                            files used in advanced combat aircraft.
                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 231. Competitive acquisition plan for low probability of detection 
                            data link networks.
Sec. 232. Clarification of selection dates for pilot program for the 
                            enhancement of the research, development, 
                            test, and evaluation centers of the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 233. Requirement for a plan to build a prototype for a new ground 
                            combat vehicle for the Army.
Sec. 234. Plan for successfully fielding the Integrated Air and Missile 
                            Defense Battle Command System.
Sec. 235. Sense of Congress on hypersonic weapons.
                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.
                 Subtitle B--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 311. Sentinel Landscapes Partnership.
Sec. 312. Increased percentage of sustainment funds authorized for 
                            realignment to restoration and 
                            modernization at each installation.
                          Subtitle C--Reports

Sec. 321. Plan for modernized, dedicated Department of the Navy 
                            adversary air training enterprise.
                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 331. Defense Siting Clearinghouse.
Sec. 332. Temporary installation reutilization authority for arsenals, 
                            depots, and plants.
Sec. 333. Pilot program for operation and maintenance budget 
                            presentation.
Sec. 334. Servicewomen's commemorative partnerships.
Sec. 335. Authority for agreements to reimburse States for costs of 
                            suppressing wildfires on State lands caused 
                            by Department of Defense activities under 
                            leases and other grants of access to State 
                            lands.
Sec. 336. Repurposing and reuse of surplus Army firearms.
Sec. 337. Department of the Navy marksmanship awards.
                   Subtitle E--Energy and Environment

Sec. 341. Authority to carry out environmental restoration activities 
                            at National Guard and Reserve locations.
Sec. 342. Special considerations for energy performance goals.
Sec. 343. Centers for Disease Control study on health implications of 
                            per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances 
                            contamination in drinking water.
Sec. 344. Environmental oversight and remediation at Red Hill Bulk Fuel 
                            Storage Facility.
              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
                            reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Fiscal year 2018 limitation on number of non-dual status 
                            technicians.
Sec. 415. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
                            active duty for operational support.
Sec. 416. Number of members of the National Guard on full-time duty in 
                            support of the reserves within the National 
                            Guard Bureau.
              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.
                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Clarification of baselines for authorized numbers of general 
                            and flag officers on active duty and in 
                            joint duty assignments.
Sec. 502. Authority of promotion boards to recommend officers of 
                            particular merit be placed at the top of 
                            the promotion list.
Sec. 503. Clarification to exception for removal of officers from list 
                            of officers recommended for promotion after 
                            18 months without appointment.
Sec. 504. Flexibility in promotion of officers to positions of Staff 
                            Judge Advocate to the Commandant of the 
                            Marine Corps and Deputy Judge Advocate 
                            General of the Navy.
Sec. 505. Repeal of requirement for specification of number of officers 
                            who may be recommended for early retirement 
                            by a Selective Early Retirement Board.
Sec. 506. Extension of service-in-grade waiver authority for voluntary 
                            retirement of certain general and flag 
                            officers for purposes of enhanced 
                            flexibility in officer personnel 
                            management.
Sec. 507. Inclusion of Principal Military Deputy to the Assistant 
                            Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, 
                            Technology, and Logistics among officers 
                            subject to repeal of statutory 
                            specification of general officer grade.
Sec. 508. Clarification of effect of repeal of statutory specification 
                            of general or flag officer grade for 
                            various positions in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 509. Grandfathering of retired grade of Assistant Judge Advocates 
                            General of the Navy as of repeal of 
                            statutory specification of general and flag 
                            officers grades in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 510. Service credit for cyberspace experience or advanced 
                            education upon original appointment as a 
                            commissioned officer.
Sec. 510A. Authority for officers to opt-out of promotion board 
                            consideration.
Sec. 510B. Reauthorization of authority to order retired members to 
                            active duty in high-demand, low-density 
                            assignments.
                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Consolidation of authorities to order members of the reserve 
                            components of the Armed Forces to perform 
                            duty.
Sec. 512. Establishment of Office of Complex Investigations within the 
                            National Guard Bureau.
                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

Sec. 516. Report on policies for regular and reserve officer career 
                            management.
Sec. 517. Responsibility of Chiefs of Staff of the Armed Forces for 
                            standards and qualifications for military 
                            specialties within the Armed Forces.
Sec. 518. Confidential review of characterization of terms of discharge 
                            of members of the Armed Forces who are 
                            survivors of sexual assault.
Sec. 519. Improvements to certain authorities and procedures of 
                            discharge review boards.
Sec. 520. Public availability of information related to disposition of 
                            claims regarding discharge or release of 
                            members of the Armed Forces when the claims 
                            involve sexual assault.
                  Subtitle D--Military Justice Matters

Sec. 521. Revision to Manual for Courts-Martial with respect to 
                            dissemination of visual depictions of 
                            private areas or sexually explicit conduct 
                            without the consent of the person depicted.
Sec. 522. Technical and conforming amendments in connection with reform 
                            of the Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 523. Priority of review by Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces 
                            of decisions of Courts of Criminal Appeals 
                            on petitions for enforcement of victims' 
                            rights.
Sec. 524. Assistance of defense counsel in additional post-trial 
                            matters for accused convicted by court-
                            martial.
Sec. 525. Enumeration of additional limitations on acceptance of plea 
                            agreements by military judges of general or 
                            special courts-martial.
Sec. 526. Additional proceedings by Courts of Criminal Appeals by order 
                            of United States Court of Appeals for the 
                            Armed Forces.
Sec. 527. Clarification of applicability and effective dates for 
                            statute of limitations amendments in 
                            connection with Uniform Code of Military 
                            Justice Reform.
Sec. 528. Modification of year of initial review by Military Justice 
                            Review Panel of Uniform Code of Military 
                            Justice reform amendments.
Sec. 529. Clarification of applicability of certain provisions of law 
                            to civilian judges of the United States 
                            Court of Military Commission Review.
Sec. 530. Enhancement of effective prosecution and defense in courts-
                            martial and related matters.
Sec. 531. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces jurisdiction to review 
                            interlocutory appeals of decisions on 
                            certain petitions for writs of mandamus.
Sec. 532. Punitive article on wrongful broadcast or distribution of 
                            intimate visual images or visual images of 
                            sexually explicit conduct under the Uniform 
                            Code of Military Justice.
   Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, Transition, and Resilience

Sec. 541. Ready, Relevant Learning initiative of the Navy.
Sec. 542. Element in preseparation counseling for members of the Armed 
                            Forces on assistance and support services 
                            for caregivers of certain veterans through 
                            the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 543. Discharge in the Selected Reserve of the commissioned service 
                            obligation of military service academy 
                            graduates who participate in professional 
                            athletics.
Sec. 544. Pilot programs on appointment in the excepted service in the 
                            Department of Defense of physically 
                            disqualified former cadets and midshipmen.
Sec. 545. Limitation on availability of funds for attendance of Air 
                            Force enlisted personnel at Air Force 
                            officer professional military education in-
                            residence courses.
Sec. 546. Pilot program on integration of Department of Defense and 
                            non-Federal efforts for civilian employment 
                            of members of the Armed Forces following 
                            transition from active duty to civilian 
                            life.
Sec. 547. Two-year extension of suicide prevention and resilience 
                            program for the National Guard and 
                            Reserves.
Sec. 548. Sexual assault prevention and response training for all 
                            individuals enlisted in the Armed Forces 
                            under a delayed entry program.
Sec. 549. Use of assistance under Department of Defense Tuition 
                            Assistance Program for non-traditional 
                            education to develop cybersecurity and 
                            computer coding skills.
Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                Matters

             PART I--Defense Dependents' Education Matters

Sec. 551. Impact aid for children with severe disabilities.
Sec. 552. Continuation of authority to assist local educational 
                            agencies that benefit dependents of members 
                            of the Armed Forces and Department of 
                            Defense civilian employees.
Sec. 553. One-year extension of authorities relating to the transition 
                            and support of military dependent students 
                            to local educational agencies.
               PART II--Military Family Readiness Matters

Sec. 556. Housing treatment for certain members of the Armed Forces, 
                            and their spouses and other dependents, 
                            undergoing a permanent change of station 
                            within the United States.
Sec. 557. Direct hire authority for Department of Defense for childcare 
                            services providers for Department child 
                            development centers.
Sec. 558. Report on expanding and contracting for childcare services of 
                            the Department of Defense.
Sec. 559. Report on review of General Schedule pay grades of childcare 
                            services providers of the Department of 
                            Defense.
Sec. 560. Pilot program on public-private partnerships for telework 
                            facilities on military installations 
                            outside the United States.
Sec. 561. Report on mechanisms to facilitate the obtaining by military 
                            spouses of professional licenses or 
                            credentials in other States.
Sec. 562. Additional military childcare matters.
                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 571. Authority of Secretary of the Army to award the Personnel 
                            Protection Equipment award of the Army to 
                            former members of the Army.
Sec. 572. Authorization for award of Distinguished Service Cross to 
                            Specialist Frank M. Crary for acts of valor 
                            in Vietnam.
                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 581. Modification of submittal date of Comptroller General of the 
                            United States report on integrity of the 
                            Department of Defense whistleblower 
                            program.
Sec. 582. Report to Congress on accompanied and unaccompanied tours of 
                            duty in remote locations with high family 
                            support costs.
          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Fiscal year 2018 increase in military basic pay.
Sec. 602. Extension of authority to provide temporary increase in rates 
                            of basic allowance for housing under 
                            certain circumstances.
Sec. 603. Adjustment to basic allowance for housing at with dependents 
                            rate of certain members of the uniformed 
                            services.
Sec. 604. Modification of authority of President to determine 
                            alternative pay adjustment in annual basic 
                            pay of members of the uniformed services.
           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
                            authorities for reserve forces.
Sec. 612. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
                            authorities for health care professionals.
Sec. 613. One-year extension of special pay and bonus authorities for 
                            nuclear officers.
Sec. 614. One-year extension of authorities relating to title 37 
                            consolidated special pay, incentive pay, 
                            and bonus authorities.
Sec. 615. One-year extension of authorities relating to payment of 
                            other title 37 bonuses and special pays.
Sec. 616. Aviation bonus matters.
Sec. 617. Special aviation incentive pay and bonus authorities for 
                            enlisted members who pilot remotely piloted 
                            aircraft.
Sec. 618. Technical and conforming amendments relating to 2008 
                            consolidation of special pay authorities.
     Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

        PART I--Amendments in Connection With Retired Pay Reform

Sec. 631. Adjustments to Survivor Benefit Plan for members electing 
                            lump sum payments of retired pay under the 
                            modernized retirement system for members of 
                            the uniformed services.
Sec. 632. Technical correction regarding election to participate in 
                            modernized retirement system for reserve 
                            component members experiencing a break in 
                            service.
                         PART II--Other Matters

Sec. 636. Authority for the Secretaries of the military departments to 
                            provide for care of remains of those who 
                            die on active duty and are interred in a 
                            foreign cemetery.
Sec. 637. Technical corrections to use of member's current pay grade 
                            and years of service in a division of 
                            property involving disposable retired pay.
Sec. 638. Permanent extension and cost-of-living adjustments of special 
                            survivor indemnity allowances under the 
                            Survivor Benefit Plan.
                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 651. Construction of domestic source requirement for footwear 
                            furnished to enlisted members of the Armed 
                            Forces on initial entry into the Armed 
                            Forces.
Sec. 652. Inclusion of Department of Agriculture in Transition 
                            Assistance Program.
Sec. 653. Review and update of regulations governing debt collectors 
                            interactions with unit commanders.
                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. TRICARE Advantage demonstration program.
Sec. 702. Continued access to medical care at facilities of the 
                            uniformed services for certain members of 
                            the reserve components.
Sec. 703. Modification of eligibility for TRICARE Reserve Select and 
                            TRICARE Retired Reserve of certain members 
                            of the reserve components.
Sec. 704. Expedited evaluation and treatment for prenatal surgery under 
                            the TRICARE program.
Sec. 705. Specification that individuals under the age of 21 are 
                            eligible for hospice care services under 
                            the TRICARE program.
Sec. 706. Modifications of cost-sharing requirements for the TRICARE 
                            Pharmacy Benefits Program and treatment of 
                            certain pharmaceutical agents.
Sec. 707. Consolidation of cost-sharing requirements under TRICARE 
                            Select and TRICARE Prime.
Sec. 708. TRICARE technical amendments.
Sec. 709. Contraception coverage parity under the TRICARE program.
                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 721. Modification of priority for evaluation and treatment of 
                            individuals at military treatment 
                            facilities.
Sec. 722. Selection of directors of military treatment facilities and 
                            tours of duty of such directors.
Sec. 723. Clarification of administration of military medical treatment 
                            facilities.
Sec. 724. Modification of execution of TRICARE contracting 
                            responsibilities.
Sec. 725. Pilot program on establishment of integrated health care 
                            delivery systems.
                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 731. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
                            Department of Veterans Affairs Medical 
                            Facility Demonstration Fund.
Sec. 732. Additional emergency uses for medical products to reduce 
                            deaths and severity of injuries caused by 
                            agents of war.
Sec. 733. Prohibition on conduct of certain medical research and 
                            development projects.
Sec. 734. Modification of determination of average wait times at urgent 
                            care clinics and pharmacies at military 
                            medical treatment facilities under pilot 
                            program.
Sec. 735. Report on plan to improve pediatric care and related services 
                            for children of members of the Armed 
                            Forces.
Sec. 736. Inclusion of gambling disorder in health assessments and 
                            related research efforts of the Department 
                            of Defense.
  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

             Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Repeal of temporary suspension of public-private competitions 
                            for conversion of Department of Defense 
                            functions to performance by contractors.
Sec. 802. Technical and conforming amendments related to program 
                            management provisions.
Sec. 803. Should-cost management.
Sec. 804. Clarification of purpose of Defense acquisition.
Sec. 805. Defense policy advisory committee on technology.
Sec. 806. Report on extension of development, acquisition, and 
                            sustainment authorities of the military 
                            departments to the United States Special 
                            Operations Command.
Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

Sec. 811. Waiver authority for purposes of expanding competition.
Sec. 812. Increased simplified acquisition threshold applicable to 
                            Department of Defense procurements.
Sec. 813. Increased threshold for cost or pricing data and truth in 
                            negotiations requirements.
Sec. 814. Contract authority for advanced development of initial or 
                            additional prototype units.
Sec. 815. Treatment of independent research and development costs on 
                            certain contracts.
Sec. 816. Non-traditional contractor definition.
Sec. 817. Repeal of domestic source restriction related to wearable 
                            electronics.
Sec. 818. Use of outcome-based and performance-based requirements for 
                            services contracts.
Sec. 819. Pilot program for longer term multiyear service contracts.
Sec. 820. Identification of commercial services.
Sec. 821. Government Accountability Office bid protest reforms.
Sec. 822. Enhanced post-award debriefing rights.
Sec. 823. Limitation on unilateral definitization.
Sec. 824. Restriction on use of reverse auctions and lowest price 
                            technically acceptable contracting methods 
                            for safety equipment.
Sec. 825. Use of lowest price technically acceptable source selection 
                            process.
Sec. 826. Middle tier of acquisition for rapid prototype and rapid 
                            fielding.
Sec. 827. Elimination of cost underruns as factor in calculation of 
                            penalties for cost overruns.
Sec. 828. Contract closeout authority.
Sec. 829. Service contracts of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 830. Department of Defense contractor workplace safety and 
                            accountability.
Sec. 831. Department of Defense promotion of contractor compliance with 
                            existing law.
 Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 835. Revisions to definition of major defense acquisition program.
Sec. 836. Prohibition on use of lowest price technically acceptable 
                            source selection process for major defense 
                            acquisition programs.
        Subtitle D--Provisions Related to Acquisition Workforce

Sec. 841. Training in commercial items procurement.
Sec. 842. Modification of definition of acquisition workforce to 
                            include personnel engaged in the 
                            acquisition or development of cybersecurity 
                            systems.
Sec. 843. Training and support for programs pursuing agile acquisition 
                            methods.
Sec. 844. Credits to Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce 
                            Development Fund.
           Subtitle E--Provisions Related to Commercial Items

Sec. 851. Modification to definition of commercial items.
Sec. 852. Revision to definition of commercial item.
Sec. 853. Commercial item determinations.
Sec. 854. Preference for acquisition of commercial items.
Sec. 855. Inapplicable laws and regulations.
                  Subtitle F--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 861. Review regarding applicability of foreign ownership, control, 
                            or influence requirements of National 
                            Security Industrial Program to national 
                            technology and industrial base companies.
Sec. 862. Pilot program on strengthening manufacturing in defense 
                            industrial base.
Sec. 863. Sunset of certain provisions relating to the industrial base.
             Subtitle G--International Contracting Matters

Sec. 865. Procurement exception relating to agreements with foreign 
                            governments.
Sec. 866. Applicability of cost and pricing data certification 
                            requirements.
Sec. 867. Enhancing program licensing.
                     Subtitle H--Other Transactions

Sec. 871. Other transaction authority.
Sec. 872. Education and training for transactions other than contracts 
                            and grants.
Sec. 873. Preference for use of other transactions and experimental 
                            authority.
Sec. 874. Methods for entering into research agreements.
   Subtitle I--Development and Acquisition of Software Intensive and 
                     Digital Products and Services

Sec. 881. Rights in technical data.
Sec. 882. Defense Innovation Board analysis of software acquisition 
                            regulations.
Sec. 883. Pilot to tailor software-intensive major programs to use 
                            agile methods.
Sec. 884. Review and realignment of defense business systems to 
                            emphasize agile methods.
Sec. 885. Software development pilot using agile best practices.
Sec. 886. Use of open source software.
                       Subtitle J--Other Matters

Sec. 891. Improved transparency and oversight over Department of 
                            Defense research, development, test, and 
                            evaluation efforts and procurement 
                            activities related to medical research.
Sec. 892. Rights in technical data related to medical research.
Sec. 893. Oversight, audit, and certification from the Defense Contract 
                            Audit Agency for procurement activities 
                            related to medical research.
Sec. 894. Requirements for Defense Contract Audit Agency report.
Sec. 895. Prototype projects to digitize defense acquisition 
                            regulations, policies, and guidance, and 
                            empower user tailoring of acquisition 
                            process.
Sec. 896. Pilot program for adoption of acquisition strategy for 
                            Defense Base Act insurance.
Sec. 897. Phase III awards.
Sec. 898. Pilot program for streamlined technology transition from the 
                            SBIR and STTR programs of the Department of 
                            Defense.
Sec. 899. Annual report on limitation of subcontractor intellectual 
                            property rights.
Sec. 899A. Extension from 20 to 30 years of maximum total period for 
                            Department of Defense contracts for 
                            storage, handling, or distribution of 
                            liquid fuels and natural gas.
Sec. 899B. Exception for Department of Defense contracts from 
                            requirement that business operations 
                            conducted under government contracts accept 
                            and dispense $1 coins.
Sec. 899C. Investing in rural small businesses.
      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 902. Realignment of responsibilities, duties, and powers of Chief 
                            Information Officer of the Department of 
                            Defense.
Sec. 903. Clarification of authority of Under Secretary of Defense for 
                            Acquisition and Sustainment with respect to 
                            service acquisition programs for which the 
                            service acquisition executive is the 
                            milestone decision authority.
Sec. 904. Executive Schedule matters relating to Under Secretary of 
                            Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.
Sec. 905. Technical amendment.
Sec. 906. Redesignation of Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
                            Readiness as Under Secretary of Defense for 
                            Personnel and Health.
Sec. 907. Qualifications for appointment and additional duties and 
                            powers of certain officials within the 
                            Office of the Under Secretary of Defense 
                            (Comptroller).
Sec. 908. Five-year period of relief from active duty as a commissioned 
                            officer of a regular component of the Armed 
                            Forces for appointment to Under Secretary 
                            of Defense positions.
Sec. 909. Redesignation of Principal Deputy Under Secretaries of 
                            Defense as Deputy Under Secretaries of 
                            Defense and related matters.
Sec. 910. Reduction of number and elimination of specific designations 
                            of Assistant Secretaries of Defense.
Sec. 911. Limitation on maximum number of Deputy Assistant Secretaries 
                            of Defense.
Sec. 912. Modification of definition of OSD personnel for purposes of 
                            limitation on number of Office of Secretary 
                            of Defense personnel.
  Subtitle B--Organization of Other Department of Defense Offices and 
                                Elements

Sec. 921. Reduction in authorized number of Assistant Secretaries of 
                            the military departments.
Sec. 922. Qualifications for appointment of Assistant Secretaries of 
                            the military departments for financial 
                            management.
 Subtitle C--Organization and Management of the Department of Defense 
                               Generally

Sec. 931. Reduction in limitation on number of Department of Defense 
                            SES positions.
Sec. 932. Manner of carrying out reductions in major Department of 
                            Defense headquarters activities.
Sec. 933. Certifications on cost savings achieved by reductions in 
                            major Department of Defense headquarters 
                            activities.
Sec. 934. Direct hire authority for the Department of Defense for 
                            personnel to assist in business 
                            transformation and management innovation.
Sec. 935. Data analytics capability for support of enhanced oversight 
                            and management of the Defense Agencies and 
                            Department of Defense Field Activities.
Sec. 936. Enhanced use of data analytics to improve acquisition program 
                            outcomes.
Sec. 937. Pilot programs on data integration strategies for the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 938. Background and security investigations for Department of 
                            Defense personnel.
                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 951. Transfer of lead of Guam Oversight Council from the Deputy 
                            Secretary of Defense to the Secretary of 
                            the Navy.
Sec. 952. Corrosion control and prevention executives matters.
                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Calculations for payments into Department of Defense 
                            Military Retirement Fund using single level 
                            percentage of basic pay determined on Armed 
                            Force-wide rather than Armed Forces-wide 
                            basis.
Sec. 1003. Certifications on audit readiness of the Department of 
                            Defense and the military departments, 
                            Defense Agencies, and other organizations 
                            and elements of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1004. Failure to obtain audit opinion on fiscal year full 
                            financial statements of the Department of 
                            Defense.
Sec. 1005. Improper payment matters.
Sec. 1006. Financial operations dashboard for the Department of 
                            Defense.
Sec. 1007. Comptroller General of the United States recommendations on 
                            audit capabilities and infrastructure and 
                            related matters.
                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

Sec. 1011. Extension and modification of authority to support a unified 
                            counterdrug and counterterrorism campaign 
                            in Colombia.
                Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1016. Policy of the United States on minimum number of battle 
                            force ships.
Sec. 1017. Operational readiness of Littoral Combat Ships on extended 
                            deployment.
Sec. 1018. Authority to purchase used vessels to recapitalize the Ready 
                            Reserve Force and the Military Sealift 
                            Command surge fleet.
Sec. 1019. Surveying ships.
Sec. 1020. Pilot program on funding for national defense sealift 
                            vessels.
                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
                            release of individuals detained at United 
                            States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, 
                            to the United States.
Sec. 1032. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to construct or 
                            modify facilities in the United States to 
                            house detainees transferred from United 
                            States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1033. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
                            release to certain countries of individuals 
                            detained at United States Naval Station, 
                            Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1034. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for realignment of 
                            forces at or closure of United States Naval 
                            Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1035. Authority to transfer individuals detained at United States 
                            Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the 
                            United States temporarily for emergency or 
                            critical medical treatment.
         Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1041. Matters relating to the submittal of future-years defense 
                            programs.
Sec. 1042. Department of Defense integration of information operations 
                            and cyber-enabled information operations.
Sec. 1043. Prohibition on lobbying activities with respect to the 
                            Department of Defense by certain officers 
                            of the Armed Forces and civilian employees 
                            of the Department within two years of 
                            separation from military service or 
                            employment with the Department.
Sec. 1044. Definition of ``unmanned aerial vehicle'' for purposes of 
                            title 10, United States Code.
Sec. 1045. Technical amendment relating to management of military 
                            technicians.
Sec. 1046. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for retirement of 
                            legacy maritime mine countermeasure 
                            platforms.
Sec. 1047. Sense of Congress on the basing of KC-46A aircraft outside 
                            the continental United States.
Sec. 1048. Authorization to procure up to six polar-class icebreakers.
                    Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1061. Assessment of global force posture.
Sec. 1062. Army modernization strategy.
Sec. 1063. Report on Army plan to improve operational unit readiness by 
                            reducing number of non-deployable soldiers 
                            assigned to operational units.
Sec. 1064. Efforts to combat physiological episodes on certain Navy 
                            aircraft.
Sec. 1065. Studies on aircraft inventories for the Air Force.
Sec. 1066. Plan and recommendations for interagency vetting of foreign 
                            investments with potential impacts on 
                            national defense and national security.
Sec. 1067. Report on authorities for the employment, use, and status of 
                            National Guard and Reserve technicians.
Sec. 1068. Conforming repeals and technical amendments in connection 
                            with reports of the Department of Defense 
                            whose submittal to Congress has previously 
                            been terminated by law.
Sec. 1069. Annual reports on approval of employment or compensation of 
                            retired general or flag officers by foreign 
                            governments for Emoluments Clause purposes.
Sec. 1070. Annual report on civilian casualties in connection with 
                            United States military operations.
Sec. 1071. Report on large-scale, joint exercises involving the air and 
                            land domains.
Sec. 1072. Department of Defense review of Navy capabilities in the 
                            Arctic region.
Sec. 1073. Business case analysis on establishment of active duty 
                            association and additional primary aircraft 
                            authorizations for the 168th Air Refueling 
                            Wing.
Sec. 1074. Report on Navy capacity to increase production of anti-
                            submarine warfare and search and rescue 
                            rotary wing aircraft in light of increase 
                            in the size of the surface fleet to 355 
                            ships.
                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Protection against misuse of Naval Special Warfare Command 
                            insignia.
Sec. 1082. Collaborations between the Armed Forces and certain non-
                            Federal entities on support of Armed Forces 
                            missions abroad.
Sec. 1083. Federal charter for Spirit of America.
Sec. 1084. Reconsideration of claims for disability compensation for 
                            veterans who were the subjects of mustard 
                            gas or lewisite experiments during World 
                            War II.
Sec. 1085. Prize competition to identify root cause of physiological 
                            episodes on Navy, Marine Corps, and Air 
                            Force training and operational aircraft.
Sec. 1086. Exception to the interdepartmental waiver doctrine for 
                            cleanup of vehicle crashes.
Sec. 1087. Transfer of surplus firearms to Corporation for the 
                            Promotion of Rifle Practice and Firearms 
                            Safety.
                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

               Subtitle A--Department of Defense Matters

Sec. 1101. Pilot program on enhanced personnel management system for 
                            cybersecurity and legal professionals in 
                            the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1102. Inclusion of Strategic Capabilities Office and Defense 
                            Innovation Unit Experimental of the 
                            Department of Defense in personnel 
                            management authority to attract experts in 
                            science and engineering.
Sec. 1103. Permanent authority for demonstration projects relating to 
                            acquisition personnel management policies 
                            and procedures.
Sec. 1104. Establishment of senior scientific technical managers at 
                            Major Range and Test Facility Base 
                            facilities and Defense Test Resource 
                            Management Center.
Sec. 1105. Extension of temporary direct hire authority for domestic 
                            defense industrial base facilities and the 
                            major range and test facilities base.
Sec. 1106. Direct hire authority for financial management experts in 
                            the Department of Defense workforce.
Sec. 1107. Authority for waiver of requirement for a baccalaureate 
                            degree for positions in the Department of 
                            Defense on cybersecurity and computer 
                            programming.
                  Subtitle B--Government-wide Matters

Sec. 1111. Elimination of foreign exemption provision in regard to 
                            overtime for Federal civilian employees 
                            temporarily assigned to a foreign area.
Sec. 1112. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation 
                            on premium pay and aggregate limitation on 
                            pay for Federal civilian employees working 
                            overseas.
Sec. 1113. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
                            allowances, benefits, and gratuities to 
                            civilian personnel on official duty in a 
                            combat zone.
             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Support of special operations for irregular warfare.
Sec. 1202. Modification of authority on support of special operations 
                            to combat terrorism.
Sec. 1203. Modifications of certain authority in connection with reform 
                            of defense security cooperation programs 
                            and activities.
Sec. 1204. Global Security Contingency Fund matters.
Sec. 1205. Defense Institute of International Legal Studies.
        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension of Commanders' Emergency Response Program and 
                            related authorities.
Sec. 1212. Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
                            provide defense services to the military 
                            and security forces of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1213. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
                            certain coalition nations for support 
                            provided to United States military 
                            operations.
Sec. 1214. Extension of authority to acquire products and services 
                            produced in countries along a major route 
                            of supply to Afghanistan.
Sec. 1215. Extension of semiannual report on enhancing security and 
                            stability in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1216. Sense of Congress regarding the Afghan special immigrant 
                            visa program.
Sec. 1217. Special immigrant visas for Afghan allies.
         Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1231. Modification of authority to provide assistance to counter 
                            the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
Sec. 1232. Modification of authority to provide assistance to the 
                            vetted Syrian opposition.
Sec. 1233. Extension and modification of authority to support 
                            operations and activities of the Office of 
                            Security Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1234. Modification and additional elements in annual report on the 
                            military power of Iran.
         Subtitle D--Matters Relating to the Russian Federation

Sec. 1241. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
                            United States and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1242. Extension of limitation on availability of funds relating to 
                            activities to recognize the sovereignty of 
                            the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 1243. Extension of Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative.
Sec. 1244. Extension of authority on training for Eastern European 
                            national security forces in the course of 
                            multilateral exercises.
Sec. 1245. Security assistance for Baltic nations for joint program for 
                            resiliency and deterrence against 
                            aggression.
Sec. 1246. Annual report on military and security developments 
                            involving the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1247. Annual report on attempts of the Russian Federation to 
                            provide disinformation and propaganda to 
                            members of the Armed Forces by social 
                            media.
Sec. 1248. Support of European Deterrence Initiative to deter Russian 
                            aggression.
Sec. 1249. Sense of Congress on the European Deterrence Initiative.
Sec. 1250. Enhancement of Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative.
Sec. 1251. Sense of Congress on the importance of the North Atlantic 
                            Treaty Organization Intelligence Fusion 
                            Center.
        Subtitle E--Matters Relating to the Asia-Pacific Region

Sec. 1261. Asia-Pacific Stability Initiative.
Sec. 1262. Expansion of military-to-military engagement with the 
                            Government of Burma.
Sec. 1263. Agreement supplemental to Compact of Free Association with 
                            Palau.
Sec. 1264. Workforce issues for relocation of Marines to Guam.
Sec. 1265. United States policy with respect to freedom of navigation 
                            operations and overflight beyond the 
                            territorial seas.
Sec. 1266. Sense of Congress on the importance of the rule of law in 
                            the South China Sea.
Sec. 1267. Sense of Congress on the importance of the relationship 
                            between the United States and Japan.
Sec. 1268. Sense of Congress on the importance of the United States 
                            alliance with the Republic of Korea.
Sec. 1269. Sense of Congress on extended deterrence for the Korean 
                            Peninsula and Japan.
Sec. 1270. Defense partnership between the United States and Taiwan.
Sec. 1270A. Naval port of call exchanges between the United States and 
                            Taiwan.
Sec. 1270B. Program to enhance the undersea warfare capabilities of 
                            Taiwan.
Sec. 1270C. Invitation of Taiwan military forces to participate in 
                            joint military exercises.
Sec. 1270D. Report on military exchanges between senior officers and 
                            officials of the United States and Taiwan.
                          Subtitle F--Reports

Sec. 1271. Submittal of Department of Defense Supplemental and Cost of 
                            War Execution reports on quarterly basis.
Sec. 1272. Consolidation of reports on United States Armed Forces, 
                            civilian employees, and contractors 
                            deployed in support of Operation Inherent 
                            Resolve and Operation Freedom's Sentinel.
                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1281. Modification of availability of funds in Special Defense 
                            Acquisition Fund for precision guided 
                            munitions.
Sec. 1282. Use of funds in the United States for certain United States-
                            Israel anti-tunnel cooperation activities.
Sec. 1283. Foreign military sales letters of request for pricing and 
                            availability.
Sec. 1284. Sense of Congress on reaffirming strategic partnerships and 
                            allies.
                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Specification of Cooperative Threat Reduction funds.
Sec. 1302. Funding allocations.
                    TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                     Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1405. Defense Health Program.
                 Subtitle B--National Defense Stockpile

Sec. 1411. Authority to dispose of certain materials from and to 
                            acquire additional materials for the 
                            National Defense Stockpile.
             Subtitle C--Chemical Demilitarization Matters

Sec. 1421. Acquisition reporting on major chemical demilitarization 
                            programs of the Department of Defense.
                Subtitle D--Armed Forces Retirement Home

Sec. 1431. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
                            Home.
Sec. 1432. Armed Forces Retirement Home matters.
                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 1441. Authority for transfer of funds to Joint Department of 
                            Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs 
                            Medical Facility Demonstration Fund for 
                            Captain James A. Lovell Health Care Center, 
                            Illinois.
Sec. 1442. Enhancement of database of emergency response capabilities 
                            of the Department of Defense.
   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose.
Sec. 1502. Overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 1503. Procurement.
Sec. 1504. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1505. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1506. Military personnel.
Sec. 1507. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1508. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1509. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1510. Defense Health Program.
                     Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1521. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1522. Special transfer authority.
                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1531. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.
     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. Air Force Space Command.
Sec. 1602. Air Force space contractor responsibility watch list.
Sec. 1603. Presidential National Voice Conferencing System.
Sec. 1604. Limitation on use of funds for Delta IV launch vehicle.
Sec. 1605. Policy of the United States with respect to classification 
                            of space as a combat domain.
Sec. 1606. Launch support and infrastructure modernization.
  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1611. Extension of authority to engage in commercial activities as 
                            security for intelligence collection 
                            activities.
     Subtitle C--Cyber Warfare, Cybersecurity, and Related Matters

Sec. 1621. Policy of the United States on cyberspace, cybersecurity, 
                            and cyber warfare.
Sec. 1622. Cyber posture review.
Sec. 1623. Modification and clarification of requirements and 
                            authorities relating to establishment of 
                            unified combatant command for cyber 
                            operations.
Sec. 1624. Annual assessment of cyber resiliency of nuclear command and 
                            control system.
Sec. 1625. Strategic Cybersecurity Program.
Sec. 1626. Evaluation of agile acquisition of cyber tools and 
                            applications.
Sec. 1627. Report on cost implications of terminating dual-hat 
                            arrangement for Commander of United States 
                            Cyber Command.
Sec. 1628. Modification of Information Assurance Scholarship Program.
Sec. 1629. Measuring compliance of components of Department of Defense 
                            with cybersecurity requirements for 
                            securing industrial control systems.
Sec. 1630. Exercise on assessing cybersecurity support to election 
                            systems of States.
Sec. 1630A. Report on various approaches to cyber deterrence.
Sec. 1630B. Prohibition on use of software platforms developed by 
                            Kaspersky Lab.
                       Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1631. Collection, storage, and sharing of data relating to nuclear 
                            security enterprise.
Sec. 1632. Establishment of procedures for implementation of Nuclear 
                            Enterprise Review.
Sec. 1633. Procurement authority for certain parts of intercontinental 
                            ballistic missiles.
Sec. 1634. Execution and programmatic oversight of nuclear command, 
                            control, and communications programs.
Sec. 1635. Measures in response to noncompliance of the Russian 
                            Federation with its obligations under the 
                            INF Treaty.
Sec. 1636. Certification that the Nuclear Posture Review addresses 
                            deterrent effect and operation of United 
                            States nuclear forces in current and future 
                            security environments.
Sec. 1637. Plan to manage Integrated Tactical Warning and Attack 
                            Assessment System and multi-domain sensors.
Sec. 1638. Certification requirement with respect to strategic 
                            radiation hardened trusted foundry.
Sec. 1639. Requirements for Nuclear Posture Review.
Sec. 1640. Sense of Congress on Nuclear Posture Review.
                  Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1651. Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
                            Cooperative Missile Defense Program co-
                            development and co-production.
Sec. 1652. Development of persistent space-based sensor architecture.
Sec. 1653. Ground-based interceptor capacity and Fort Greely missile 
                            field infrastructure requirements.
Sec. 1654. Sense of the Senate on the state of United States missile 
                            defense.
Sec. 1655. Sense of the Senate and report on ground-based midcourse 
                            defense testing.
            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
                            specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.
                 TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2014 project.
Sec. 2105. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2015 project.
Sec. 2106. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2014 
                            project.
Sec. 2107. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
                            projects.
                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
Sec. 2205. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
                            projects.
Sec. 2206. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
                            projects.
              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2017 projects.
Sec. 2306. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
                            projects.
           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized energy conservation projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
Sec. 2404. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2017 project.
Sec. 2405. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
                            projects.
Sec. 2406. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
                            projects.
                   TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

  Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.
             Subtitle B--Host Country In-kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.
Sec. 2512. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2017 projects.
            TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

 Subtitle A--Project Authorizations and Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve 
                            construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.
                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 2611. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2015 project.
Sec. 2612. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
                            projects.
Sec. 2613. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
                            projects.
          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
                            closure activities funded through 
                            Department of Defense Base Closure Account.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
                            closure (BRAC) round.
       TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AND GENERAL PROVISIONS

 Subtitle A--Military Construction Program and Military Family Housing 
                                Changes

Sec. 2801. Authority to use expiring funds for certain military 
                            construction projects.
Sec. 2802. Extension of temporary, limited authority to use operation 
                            and maintenance funds for construction 
                            projects in certain areas outside the 
                            United States.
        Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2811. Authority to use energy cost savings for energy resilience, 
                            mission assurance, and weather damage 
                            repair and prevention measures.
Sec. 2812. Modification of unspecified minor military construction 
                            project authority to cover correction of 
                            deficiencies that are threats to 
                            installation resilience.
Sec. 2813. Land exchange valuation of property with reduced development 
                            that limits encroachment on military 
                            installations.
Sec. 2814. Treatment of storm water collection systems as utility 
                            systems.
Sec. 2815. Access to military installations by transportation network 
                            companies.
                      Subtitle C--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2821. Land conveyance, Natick Soldier Systems Center, 
                            Massachusetts.
Sec. 2822. Land conveyance, Army and Air Force Exchange Service 
                            property, Dallas, Texas.
Sec. 2823. Land conveyances, certain former peacekeeper ICBM facilities 
                            in Wyoming.
Sec. 2824. Land exchange, Naval Industrial Ordnance Reserve Plant, 
                            Sunnyvale, California.
Sec. 2825. Land exchange, Naval Air Station Corpus Christi, Texas.
          Subtitle D--Project Management and Oversight Reforms

Sec. 2831. Notification requirement for certain cost overruns and 
                            schedule delays.
Sec. 2832. Limited authority for private sector supervision of military 
                            construction projects in event of extensive 
                            cost overruns or project delays.
Sec. 2833. Annual report on cost overruns and schedule delays.
Sec. 2834. Report on design errors and omissions related to Fort Bliss 
                            hospital replacement project.
Sec. 2835. Report on cost increase and delay related to USSTRATCOM 
                            command and control facility project at 
                            Offutt Air Force Base.
                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 2841. Annual Department of Defense energy management reports.
Sec. 2842. Aggregation of energy efficiency and energy resilience 
                            projects in life cycle cost analyses.
Sec. 2843. Authority of the Secretary of the Air Force to accept lessee 
                            improvements at Air Force Plant 42.
Sec. 2844. Prohibition on use of funds for Kwajalein project.
Sec. 2845. Energy resilience.
Sec. 2846. Consideration of energy security and energy resilience in 
                            awarding energy and fuel contracts for 
                            military installations.
Sec. 2847. Requirement to address energy resilience in exercising 
                            utility system conveyance authority.
Sec. 2848. In-kind lease payments; prioritization of utility services 
                            that promote energy resilience.
Sec. 2849. Disclosure of beneficial ownership by foreign persons of 
                            high security space leased by the 
                            Department of Defense.
   TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2901. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2903. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 2904. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2015 
                            projects.
 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

      TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

       Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.
   Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3111. Assessment and development of prototype nuclear weapons of 
                            foreign countries.
Sec. 3112. Use of funds for construction and project support activities 
                            relating to MOX facility.
Sec. 3113. Repeal, consolidation, and modification of reporting 
                            requirements.
Sec. 3114. National Nuclear Security Administration personnel system.
Sec. 3115. Annual reports on unfunded priorities of National Nuclear 
                            Security Administration.
          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.
                  TITLE XXXV--MARITIME ADMINISTRATION

Sec. 3501. Maritime Administration.
                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.
                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.
        TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
                            contingency operations.
                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
                            operations.
                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.
                    TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.
                   TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.
      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.

SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.

    In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, United 
States Code.

SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.

    The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purposes of complying 
with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by 
reference to the latest statement titled ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO 
Legislation'' for this Act, jointly submitted for printing in the 
Congressional Record by the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget 
Committees, provided that such statement has been submitted prior to 
the vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference report 
or amendment between the Houses.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, the Air 
Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in the funding table 
in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

SEC. 111. TRANSFER OF EXCESS HIGH MOBILITY MULTIPURPOSE WHEELED 
              VEHICLES TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES.

    (a) Transfers.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 153 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 2581 the following 
        new section:
``Sec. 2581a. Transfer of excess High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled 
              Vehicles (HMMWVs) to foreign countries
    ``(a) Requirements.--(1) Before an excess High Mobility 
Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) is transferred on a grant or sales 
basis to a foreign country for the purpose of operation by that 
country, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the HMMWV receives 
the same new, modernized powertrain and a modernized, armored or armor-
capable crew compartment restored to like-new condition that the HMMWV 
would receive if it were to be modernized for operational use by the 
armed forces.
    ``(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1), the term `the same new, 
modernized powertrain'--
            ``(A) means a fully-functioning new powertrain system; and
            ``(B) does not mean an individual part, component, 
        subassembly, assembly, or subsystem integral to the functioning 
        of the powertrain system such as a new engine or transmission.
    ``(3) Any work performed pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be 
performed in the United States and shall be covered by section 
2460(b)(1) of this title.
    ``(b) Waiver.--Subject to the requirements of subsection (c), the 
Secretary may waive the requirements of subsection (a)(1) if the 
Secretary determines in writing that such an exception is required by 
the national security interests of the United States.
    ``(c) Notification.--(1) If the Secretary makes a written 
determination under subsection (b), the Secretary may not transfer 
excess HMMWVs until 30 days after the Secretary has provided notice of 
the proposed transfer to the congressional defense committees. The 
notification shall include--
            ``(A) the total quantity of HMMWVs, the serial and model 
        numbers of each individual HMMWV, and the age, condition, and 
        expected useful life of each individual HMMWV to be 
        transferred;
            ``(B) the recipient of the HMMWVs, the intended use of the 
        HMMWVs, and a description of the national security interests of 
        the United States necessitating the transfer;
            ``(C) an explanation of why it is not in the national 
        security interests of the United States to make the transfer in 
        accordance with the requirements of subsection (a);
            ``(D) the impact on the national technology and industrial 
        base and, particularly, any reduction of the opportunities of 
        entities in the national technology and industrial base to sell 
        new or used HMMWVs to the countries to which the proposed 
        transfer of HMMWVs is to take place; and
            ``(E) the names of all entities in the national technology 
        and industrial base consulted as part of the determination in 
        subsection (D), as well as the dates when and the names, 
        titles, and affiliations of all individuals with whom such 
        consultations took place.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall make the notification required under this 
subsection in accordance with the procedures specified in section 
060403 of volume 3, chapter 6, of the Department of Defense Financial 
Management Regulation.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 2581 the following new item:

``2581a. Transfer of excess High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicles 
                            (HMMWVs) to foreign countries.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--Section 2581a of title 10, United States Code, 
as added by subsection (a), shall apply with respect to transfers of 
High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicles on and after the date of 
the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 112. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR ARMY AIR-LAND MOBILE 
              TACTICAL COMMUNICATIONS AND DATA NETWORK, INCLUDING 
              WARFIGHTER INFORMATION NETWORK-TACTICAL (WIN-T).

    (a) Limitation.--No funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for other procurement, 
Army, and available for the Warfighter Information Network-Tactical 
(WIN-T), Increment 2 (Inc 2) program may be obligated or expended until 
the Secretary of the Army submits the report required under subsection 
(b).
    (b) Report.--The Secretary of the Army shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report describing how the Army 
intends to implement the recommendations related to air-land ad-hoc, 
mobile tactical communications and data networks provided by the 
Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation (CAPE) pursuant to 
section 237 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 781).

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

SEC. 121. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR VIRGINIA CLASS SUBMARINE 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Navy may enter 
into one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 
2019 program year, for the procurement of up to 13 Virginia class 
submarines.
    (b) Authority for Advance Procurement.--The Secretary of the Navy 
may enter into one or more contracts, beginning in fiscal year 2018, 
for advance procurement associated with the Virginia Class submarines 
for which authorization to enter into a multiyear procurement contract 
is provided under subsection (a), and for equipment or subsystems 
associated with the Virginia Class submarine program, including 
procurement of--
            (1) long lead time material; or
            (2) material or equipment in economic order quantities when 
        cost savings are achievable.
    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2019 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
or funds for that purpose for such fiscal year.
    (d) Limitation on Termination Liability.--A contract for 
construction of Virginia Class submarines entered into in accordance 
with subsection (a) shall include a clause that limits the liability of 
the United States to the contractor for any termination of the 
contract. The maximum liability of the United States under the clause 
shall be the amount appropriated for the submarines covered by the 
contract regardless of the amount obligated under the contract.

SEC. 122. ARLEIGH BURKE CLASS DESTROYERS.

    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to section 2306b of title 10, 
        United States Code, the Secretary of the Navy may enter into 
        one or more multiyear contracts, beginning not earlier than the 
        fourth quarter of fiscal year 2018, for the procurement of up 
        to 15 Arleigh Burke class Flight III guided missile destroyers.
            (2) Authority for advance procurement.--The Secretary of 
        the Navy may enter into one or more contracts, beginning in 
        fiscal year 2018, for advance procurement associated with the 
        destroyers for which authorization to enter into a multiyear 
        procurement contract is provided under paragraph (1), and for 
        systems and subsystems associated with such destroyers in 
        economic order quantities when cost savings are achievable.
            (3) Condition for out-year contract payments.--A contract 
        entered into under paragraph (1) shall provide that any 
        obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
        contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2018 is subject to 
        the availability of appropriations or funds for that purpose 
        for such fiscal year.
    (b) Modification to Procurement of Additional Arleigh Burke Class 
Destroyer.--Section 125(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92) is amended by striking ``to be 
procured either'' and inserting ``to be procured using a fixed-price 
contract either''.

SEC. 123. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR V-22 JOINT AIRCRAFT 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense may enter 
into one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 
2018 program year, for the procurement of V-22 aircraft. 
Notwithstanding subsection (k) of such section 2306b, the Secretary of 
Defense may enter into a multiyear contract under this section for up 
to five years.
    (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2018 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such later fiscal year.

SEC. 124. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF AMPHIBIOUS SHIP REPLACEMENT 
              DESIGNATED LX(R) OR AMPHIBIOUS TRANSPORT DOCK DESIGNATED 
              LPD-30.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy may enter into a 
contract, beginning with the fiscal year 2018 program year, for the 
design and construction of the amphibious ship replacement designated 
LX(R) or the amphibious transport dock designated LPD-30 using amounts 
authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Defense for 
Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy.
    (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the contract 
entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary may use incremental 
funding to make payments under the contract.
    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--The contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under such contract for any fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2018 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such fiscal year.

SEC. 125. MODIFICATION OF COST LIMITATION BASELINE FOR CVN-78 CLASS 
              AIRCRAFT CARRIER PROGRAM.

    Section 122(a) of the John Warner National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 2105), as most 
recently amended by section 122 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 749), is further 
amended by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following new 
paragraphs:
            ``(2) CVN-79.--The total amount obligated from funds 
        appropriated or otherwise made available for Shipbuilding and 
        Conversion, Navy, or for any other procurement account, for the 
        aircraft carrier designated CVN-79 may not exceed 
        $11,398,000,000 (as adjusted pursuant to subsection (b)).
            ``(3) Follow-on ships.--The total amount obligated from 
        funds appropriated or otherwise made available for Shipbuilding 
        and Conversion, Navy, or for any other procurement account, for 
        any ship that is constructed in the CVN-78 class of aircraft 
        carriers after CVN-79 may not exceed $12,000,000,000 (as 
        adjusted pursuant to subsection (b)).''.

SEC. 126. EXTENSION OF LIMITATION ON USE OF SOLE-SOURCE SHIPBUILDING 
              CONTRACTS FOR CERTAIN VESSELS.

    Section 124 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended by striking ``2017'' and 
inserting ``2017 or fiscal year 2018''.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

SEC. 131. INVENTORY REQUIREMENT FOR AIR FORCE FIGHTER AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Inventory Requirement.--Section 8062 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(i) Inventory Requirement.--(1) Effective October 1, 2017, the 
Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain a total aircraft inventory of 
fighter aircraft of not less than 1,970 aircraft, and a total primary 
mission aircraft inventory (combat-coded) of not less than 1,145 
fighter aircraft.
    ``(2) In this subsection:
            ``(A) The term `fighter aircraft' means an aircraft that--
                    ``(i) is designated by a mission design series 
                prefix of F- or A-;
                    ``(ii) is manned by one or two crewmembers; and
                    ``(iii) executes single-role or multi-role 
                missions, including air-to-air combat, air-to-ground 
                attack, air interdiction, suppression or destruction of 
                enemy air defenses, close air support, strike control 
                and reconnaissance, combat search and rescue support, 
                or airborne forward air control.
            ``(B) The term `primary mission aircraft inventory' means 
        aircraft assigned to meet the primary aircraft authorization to 
        a unit for the performance of its wartime mission.''.
    (b) Limitation on Retirement of Air Force Fighter Aircraft.--
            (1) Limitation.--Except as provided under subsection (d), 
        the Secretary of the Air Force may not proceed with a decision 
        to retire fighter aircraft in any number that would reduce the 
        total number of such aircraft in the Air Force total active 
        inventory (TAI) below 1,970, and shall maintain a minimum of 
        1,145 fighter aircraft designated as primary mission aircraft 
        inventory (PMAI).
            (2) Additional limitations on retirement of fighter 
        aircraft.--Except as provided under subsection (d), the 
        Secretary of the Air Force may not retire fighter aircraft from 
        the total active inventory as of the date of the enactment of 
        this Act until the later of the following:
                    (A) The date that is 30 days after the date on 
                which the Secretary submits the report required under 
                paragraph (3).
                    (B) The date that is 30 days after the date on 
                which the Secretary certifies to the congressional 
                defense committees that--
                            (i) the retirement of such fighter aircraft 
                        will not increase the operational risk of 
                        meeting the National Defense Strategy; and
                            (ii) the retirement of such aircraft will 
                        not reduce the total fighter force structure 
                        below 1,970 fighter aircraft or the primary 
                        mission aircraft inventory below 1,145.
            (3) Report on retirement of aircraft.--The Secretary of the 
        Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
        a report setting forth the following:
                    (A) The rationale for the retirement of existing 
                fighter aircraft and an operational analysis of 
                replacement fighter aircraft that demonstrates 
                performance of the designated mission at an equal or 
                greater level of effectiveness as the retiring 
                aircraft.
                    (B) An assessment of the implications for the Air 
                Force, the Air National Guard, and the Air Force 
                Reserve of the force mix ratio of fighter aircraft.
                    (C) Such other matters relating to the retirement 
                of fighter aircraft as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate.
    (c) Reports on Fighter Aircraft.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided under subsection (d), 
        at least 90 days before the date on which a fighter aircraft is 
        retired, the Secretary of the Air Force, in consultation with 
        (where applicable) the Director of the Air National Guard or 
        Chief of the Air Force Reserve, shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the proposed force 
        structure and basing of fighter aircraft.
            (2) Elements.--Each report submitted under paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following elements:
                    (A) A list of each fighter aircraft proposed for 
                retirement, including for each such aircraft--
                            (i) the mission design series type;
                            (ii) the variant; and
                            (iii) the assigned unit and military 
                        installation where such aircraft is based.
                    (B) A list of each unit affected by a proposed 
                retirement listed under subparagraph (A) and a 
                description of how such unit is affected.
                    (C) For each military installation and unit listed 
                under subparagraph (A)(iii), a description of changes, 
                if any, to the designed operational capability (DOC) 
                statement of the unit as a result of a proposed 
                retirement.
                    (D) A description of any anticipated changes in 
                manpower authorizations as a result of a proposed 
                retirement listed under subparagraph (A).
    (d) Exception for Certain Aircraft.--The requirements of 
subsections (b) and (c) do not apply to individual fighter aircraft 
that the Secretary of the Air Force determines, on a case-by-case 
basis, to be non-operational because of mishaps, other damage, or being 
uneconomical to repair.
    (e) Fighter Aircraft Defined.--In this section, the term ``fighter 
aircraft'' has the meaning given the term in subsection (i)(2)(A) of 
section 8062 of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection 
(a) of this section.

SEC. 132. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REVIEW OF TOTAL FORCE INTEGRATION 
              INITIATIVES FOR RESERVE COMPONENT RESCUE SQUADRONS.

    (a) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than June 30, 2018, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall review the Air Force 
fielding plan for the HH-60 replacement programs and submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the plan.
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the Comptroller 
General shall provide a briefing to the congressional defense 
committees on the plan.
    (c) Elements.--The review received under subsection (a) shall 
include, with respect to the HH-60 replacement programs, the following 
elements:
            (1) A description of the National Commission on the 
        Structure of the Air Force's recommendations regarding the use 
        of concurrent and proportional fielding and how the Air Force 
        applied these principles in the fielding plan for the HH-60G 
        replacement programs.
            (2) An evaluation of the Air Force's fielding plan for the 
        HH-60G replacement programs, including an assessment of the Air 
        Force's rationale for the plan, as well as the alternative 
        fielding plans considered by the Air Force.
            (3) An evaluation of the potential readiness impact of the 
        Air Force's fielding plan on active duty, National Guard, and 
        Reserve units, including the ability to meet training, 
        maintenance, and deployment requirements, as well as the 
        implications for total force integration initiatives should the 
        fielding not be proportional.
    (d) HH-60G Replacement Programs Defined.--In this section, the term 
``HH-60G replacement programs'' means the HH-60G Ops Loss Replacement 
and HH-60W Combat Rescue Helicopter programs.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

SEC. 141. F-35 ECONOMIC ORDER QUANTITY CONTRACTING AUTHORITY.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may enter into one or 
more contracts during fiscal year 2018 for the procurement of economic 
order quantities of material and equipment that has completed formal 
hardware qualification testing for the F-35 aircraft for use in 
procurement contracts to be awarded during fiscal years 2019 and 2020. 
The total amount obligated under all contracts entered into under this 
section shall not exceed $661,000,000.
    (b) Authority.--To the extent that funds are otherwise available 
for obligation, the Secretary may enter into economic order quantity 
contracts for purchases under this section whenever the Secretary finds 
each of the following:
            (1) That the use of such a contract will result in 
        significant savings of the total anticipated costs of carrying 
        out the program through annual contracts.
            (2) That the minimum need for the property to be purchased 
        is expected to remain substantially unchanged during the 
        contemplated contract period in terms of production rate, 
        procurement rate, and total quantities.
            (3) That there is a reasonable expectation that throughout 
        the contemplated contract period the Secretary will request 
        funding for the contract at the level required to avoid 
        contract cancellation.
            (4) That there is a stable design for the property to be 
        acquired and that the technical risks associated with such 
        property are not excessive.
            (5) That the estimates of both the cost of the contract and 
        the anticipated cost avoidance through the use of an economic 
        order quantity contract are realistic.
            (6) That the use of such a contract will promote the 
        national security of the United States.
    (c) Certification Requirement.--A contract may not be entered into 
under this section unless the Secretary of Defense certifies in 
writing, not later than 30 days before entry into the contract, that 
each of the following conditions is satisfied:
            (1) The Secretary has determined that each of the 
        requirements in paragraphs (1) through (6) of subsection (b) 
        will be met by such contract and has provided the basis for 
        such determination to the congressional defense committees.
            (2) Confirmation that the preliminary findings of the 
        Secretary under paragraph (1) were made after the completion of 
        a cost analysis performed by the Director of Cost Assessment 
        and Program Evaluation for the purpose of section 2334(e)(1) of 
        title 10, United States Code, and that the analysis supports 
        those preliminary findings.
            (3) A sufficient number of end items of the system being 
        acquired under such contract have been delivered at or within 
        the most current estimates of the program acquisition unit cost 
        or procurement unit cost for such system to determine that 
        current estimates of such unit costs are realistic.
            (4) During the fiscal year in which such contract is to be 
        awarded, sufficient funds will be available to perform the 
        contract in such fiscal year, and the future-years defense 
        program for such fiscal year will include the funding required 
        to execute the program without cancellation.
            (5) The contract is a fixed price type contract.
            (6) The proposed contract provides for production at not 
        less than minimum economic rates given the existing tooling and 
        facilities.

SEC. 142. AUTHORITY FOR EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL UNITS TO ACQUIRE 
              NEW OR EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES AND CAPABILITIES.

    The Secretary of Defense may provide Explosive Ordnance Disposal 
(EOD) units with the authority to acquire new or emerging EOD 
technologies and capabilities that are not specifically listed on the 
Table of Allowance (TOA) or Table of Equipment (TOE).

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation as specified in the funding table in section 4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

SEC. 211. MECHANISMS FOR EXPEDITED ACCESS TO TECHNICAL TALENT AND 
              EXPERTISE AT ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS TO SUPPORT DEPARTMENT 
              OF DEFENSE MISSIONS.

    (a) Arrangements Authorized.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may establish one 
        or more multi-institution task order contracts, consortia, 
        cooperative agreements, or other arrangements to facilitate 
        expedited access to university technical expertise, including 
        faculty, staff, and students, in support of Department of 
        Defense missions in the areas specified in subsection (e).
            (2) Use for technical analyses and engineering support.--
        The Secretary may use an arrangement under paragraph (1) to 
        fund technical analyses and other engineering support as 
        required to address acquisition and operational challenges, 
        including support for classified programs and activities.
            (3) Performance by designated university performer.--The 
        Secretary shall ensure that work awarded through an arrangement 
        under paragraph (1) is performed primarily by the designated 
        university performer.
    (b) Limitation.--An arrangement established under subsection (a)(1) 
may not be used to fund research programs that can be executed through 
other Department of Defense basic research activities.
    (c) Consultation With Other Department of Defense Activities.--An 
arrangement established under subsection (a)(1) shall, to the degree 
practicable, be made in consultation with other Department of Defense 
activities, including federally funded research and development centers 
(FFRDCs), university affiliated research centers (UARCs), and Defense 
laboratories and test centers, for purposes of providing technical 
expertise and reducing costs and duplicative efforts.
    (d) Policies and Procedures.--If the Secretary establishes one or 
more arrangements under subsection (a)(1), the Secretary shall 
establish and implement policies and procedures to govern--
            (1) selection of participants in the arrangement or 
        arrangements;
            (2) the awarding of task orders under the arrangement or 
        arrangements;
            (3) maximum award size for tasks under the arrangement or 
        arrangements;
            (4) the appropriate use of competitive awards and sole 
        source awards under the arrangement or arrangements; and
            (5) technical areas under the arrangement or arrangements.
    (e) Mission Areas.--The areas specified in this subsection are as 
follows:
            (1) Cybersecurity.
            (2) Air and ground vehicles.
            (3) Shipbuilding.
            (4) Explosives detection and defeat.
            (5) Undersea warfare.
            (6) Trusted electronics.
            (7) Unmanned systems.
            (8) Directed energy.
            (9) Energy, power, and propulsion.
            (10) Management science and operations research.
            (11) Artificial intelligence.
            (12) Data analytics.
            (13) Business systems.
            (14) Technology transfer and transition.
            (15) Biological engineering and genetic enhancement.
            (16) High performance computing.
            (17) Materials science and engineering.
            (18) Quantum information sciences.
            (19) Special operations activities.
            (20) Modeling and simulation.
            (21) Autonomous systems.
            (22) Model based engineering.
            (23) Such other areas as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
    (f) Sunset.--The authorities under this section shall expire on 
September 30, 2020.
    (g) Arrangements Established Under Subsection (a)(1) Defined.--In 
this section, the term ``arrangement established under subsection 
(a)(1)'' means a multi-institution task order contract, consortia, 
cooperative agreement, or other arrangement established under 
subsection (a)(1).

SEC. 212. CODIFICATION AND ENHANCEMENT OF AUTHORITIES TO PROVIDE FUNDS 
              FOR DEFENSE LABORATORIES FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF 
              TECHNOLOGIES FOR MILITARY MISSIONS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 2362 the following new section:
``Sec. 2363. Mechanisms to provide funds for defense laboratories for 
              research and development of technologies for military 
              missions
    ``(a) Mechanisms to Provide Funds.--(1) The Secretary of Defense, 
in consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall 
establish mechanisms under which the director of a defense laboratory 
may use an amount of funds equal to not less than two percent and not 
more than four percent of all funds available to the defense laboratory 
for the following purposes:
            ``(A) To fund innovative basic and applied research that is 
        conducted at the defense laboratory and supports military 
        missions.
            ``(B) To fund development programs that support the 
        transition of technologies developed by the defense laboratory 
        into operational use.
            ``(C) To fund workforce development activities that improve 
        the capacity of the defense laboratory to recruit and retain 
        personnel with necessary scientific and engineering expertise 
        that support military missions.
            ``(D) To fund the revitalization recapitalization, or minor 
        military construction of the laboratory infrastructure and 
        equipment, in accordance with subsection (b).
    ``(2) The mechanisms established under paragraph (1) shall provide 
that funding shall be used under paragraph (1) at the discretion of the 
director of a defense laboratory in consultation with the science and 
technology executive of the military department concerned.
    ``(3) After consultation with the science and technology executive 
of the military department concerned, the director of a defense 
laboratory may charge customer activities a fixed percentage fee, in 
addition to normal costs of performance, in order to obtain funds to 
carry out activities authorized by this subsection. The fixed fee may 
not exceed four percent of costs.
    ``(b) Availability of Funds for Infrastructure Projects.--(1) 
Subject to the provisions of this subsection, funds available under a 
mechanism under subsection (a)(1)(D) that are solely intended to carry 
out a laboratory infrastructure project shall be available for such 
project until expended.
    ``(2) Funds shall be available in accordance with paragraph (1) for 
a project referred to in such paragraph only if the Secretary notifies 
the congressional defense committees of the total cost of the project 
before the date on which the Secretary uses a mechanism under 
subsection (a)(1)(D) for such project.
    ``(3) Funds may accumulate under a mechanism under subsection (a) 
for a project referred to in paragraph (1) for not more than five 
years.
    ``(4) The Secretary shall ensure that a project referred to in 
paragraph (1) for which funds are made available in accordance with 
such paragraph complies with the applicable cost limitations in the 
following provisions of law:
            ``(A) Section 2805(d) of this title, with respect to 
        revitalization and recapitalization projects.
            ``(B) Section 2811 of this title, with respect to repair 
        projects.
            ``(C) Section 2802 of this title, with respect to 
        construction projects that exceed the cost specified in 
        subsection (a)(2) of section 2805 of this title for certain 
        unspecified minor military construction projects for 
        laboratories.
    ``(c) Annual Report on Use of Authority.--Not later than March 1 of 
each year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the use of the authority under 
subsection (a) during the preceding year.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 139 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 2362 the following new item:

``2363. Mechanisms to provide funds for defense laboratories for 
                            research and development of technologies 
                            for military missions.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--(1) Section 219 of the Duncan Hunter 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 
110-417; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note), is hereby repealed.
    (2) Section 2805(d)(1)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``under section 219(a) of the Duncan Hunter 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 
110-417; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note)'' and inserting ``section 2363(a) of this 
title''.

SEC. 213. MODIFICATION OF LABORATORY QUALITY ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 211 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the semicolon 
                and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(C) new interpretations of existing statutes and 
                regulations that would enhance the ability of a 
                director of a science and technology reinvention 
                laboratory to manage the facility and discharge the 
                mission of the laboratory;'';
            (2) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
    ``(3)(A) Each panel described in paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of 
subsection (b) shall submit to the panel described in paragraph (4) of 
such subsection (relating to governance and oversight processes) the 
following:
            ``(i) The findings of the panel with respect to the review 
        conducted by the panel under subsection (a)(1)(C).
            ``(ii) The recommendations made by the panel under such 
        subsection.
            ``(iii) Such comments, findings, and recommendations as the 
        panel may have received by a science and technology reinvention 
        laboratory with respect to--
                    ``(I) the review conducted by the panel under such 
                subsection; or
                    ``(II) recommendations made by the panel under such 
                subsection.
    ``(B)(i) The panel described in subsection (b)(4) shall review and 
refashion such recommendations as the panel may receive under 
subparagraph (A).
    ``(ii) In reviewing and refashioning recommendations under clause 
(i), the panel may, as the panel considers appropriate, consult with 
the science and technology executive of the affected service.
    ``(C) The panel described in subsection (b)(4) shall submit to the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering the 
recommendations made by the panel under subsection (a)(1)(C) and the 
recommendations refashioned by the panel under subparagraph (B) of this 
paragraph.'';
            (3) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsection 
        (f) and (g), respectively; and
            (4) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
        subsection (e):
    ``(e) Interpretation of Provisions of Law.--(1) The Under Secretary 
of Defense for Research and Engineering, acting under the guidance of 
the Secretary, shall issue regulations regarding the meaning, scope, 
implementation, and applicability of any provision of a statute 
relating to a science and technology reinvention laboratory.
    ``(2) In interpreting or defining under paragraph (1), the Under 
Secretary shall, to the degree practicable, emphasize providing the 
maximum operational flexibility to the directors of the science and 
technology reinvention laboratories to discharge the missions of their 
laboratories.
    ``(3) In interpreting or defining under paragraph (1), the Under 
Secretary shall seek recommendations from the panel described in 
subsection (b)(4).''.
    (b) Technical Corrections.--(1) Subsections (a), (c)(1)(C), and 
(d)(2) of such section are amended by striking ``Assistant Secretary'' 
each place it appears and inserting ``Under Secretary''.
    (2) Subparagraph (C) of section 342(b)(3) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337), as amended 
by section 211(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), as redesignated by subsection (a)(3) of 
this section, is amended by striking ``Assistant Secretary'' and 
inserting ``Under Secretary''.

SEC. 214. PRIZES FOR ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY ACHIEVEMENTS.

    Section 2374a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``in recognition of'' 
        and inserting ``and other types of prizes that the Secretary 
        determines are appropriate to recognize'';
            (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``cash'' both places it 
        appears;
            (3) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) by striking ``and from State and local 
                governments'' and inserting ``, from State and local 
                governments, and from the private sector''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following: ``The 
                Secretary may not give any special consideration to any 
                private sector entity in return for a donation.''; and
            (4) by amending subsection (f) to read as follows:
    ``(f) Use of Prize Authority.--Use of prize authority under this 
section shall be considered the use of competitive procedures for the 
purposes of section 2304 of this title.''.

SEC. 215. EXPANSION OF DEFINITION OF COMPETITIVE PROCEDURES TO INCLUDE 
              COMPETITIVE SELECTION FOR AWARD OF RESEARCH AND 
              DEVELOPMENT PROPOSALS.

    Section 2302(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``basic research'' and inserting ``research and development''.

SEC. 216. INCLUSION OF MODELING AND SIMULATION IN TEST AND EVALUATION 
              ACTIVITIES FOR PURPOSES OF PLANNING AND BUDGET 
              CERTIFICATION.

    Section 196 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)(1), in the first sentence, by 
        inserting ``, including modeling and simulation capabilities'' 
        after ``and resources''; and
            (2) in subsection (e)(1), by inserting ``, including 
        modeling and simulation activities,'' after ``evaluation 
        activities''.

SEC. 217. DIFFERENTIATION OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES FROM 
              SERVICE ACTIVITIES.

    (a) In General.--For the purposes of activities and programs 
carried out by the Department of Defense, research and development 
activities, including activities under the Small Business Innovation 
Research Program (SBIR) or the Small Business Technology Transfer 
Program (STTR), shall be considered as separate and distinct from 
contract service activities.
    (b) Guidance.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue updated 
guidance to carry out this section.
    (c) Definitions.--
            (1) In general.--In this section:
                    (A) The term ``advisory and assistance service'' 
                has the meaning given such term in section 1105(g)(2) 
                of title 31, United States Code.
                    (B) The term ``research and development 
                activities''--
                            (i) means--
                                    (I) creative work undertaken on a 
                                systematic basis in order to increase 
                                the stock of knowledge, including the 
                                knowledge of man, culture, and society; 
                                and
                                    (II) the use of the stock of 
                                knowledge described in subparagraph (A) 
                                to devise new applications; and
                            (ii) includes activities described in 
                        section 9 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
                        638).
                    (C) The term ``contract service activities'' has 
                the meaning given the term ``contract services'' in 
                section 2330(c) of title 10, United States Code.
                    (D) The terms ``Small Business Innovation Research 
                Program'' and ``Small Business Technology Transfer 
                Program'' have the meanings given such terms in section 
                9(e) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(e)).
            (2) Definition of services for purposes of requirements 
        relating to tracking of purchases of services.--Section 
        2330a(h) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
        inserting after paragraph (4) the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) Services.--The term `services' has the meaning given 
        the term `contract services' in section 2330(c) of this 
        title.''.

SEC. 218. DESIGNATION OF ADDITIONAL DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SCIENCE AND 
              TECHNOLOGY REINVENTION LABORATORIES.

    Section 1105(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(20) The Air Force Office of Scientific Research.
            ``(21) The 711th Human Performance Wing of the Air Force 
        Research Laboratory.
            ``(22) The Air Vehicles Directorate of the Air Force 
        Research Laboratory.
            ``(23) The Directed Energy Directorate of the Air Force 
        Research Laboratory.
            ``(24) The Information Directorate of the Air Force 
        Research Laboratory.
            ``(25) The Materials and Manufacturing Directorate of the 
        Air Force Research Laboratory.
            ``(26) The Munitions Directorate of the Air Force Research 
        Laboratory.
            ``(27) The Propulsion Directorate of the Air Force Research 
        Laboratory.
            ``(28) The Sensors Directorate of the Air Force Research 
        Laboratory.
            ``(29) The Space Vehicles Directorate of the Air Force 
        Research Laboratory.
            ``(30) The Naval Facilities Engineering and Expeditionary 
        Warfare Center.''.

SEC. 219. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DIRECTED ENERGY WEAPON SYSTEM 
              PROTOTYPING AND DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Under Secretary, shall establish a program on the prototyping and 
demonstration of directed energy weapon systems to build and maintain 
the military superiority of the United States by--
            (1) accelerating the fielding of directed energy weapon 
        systems that would help counter technological advantages of 
        potential adversaries of the United States; and
            (2) supporting the military departments, the combatant 
        commanders, the United States Special Operations Command, and 
        the Missile Defense Agency in developing prototypes and 
        demonstrating operational utility of high energy lasers and 
        high powered microwave weapon systems.
    (b) Guidelines.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall issue 
        guidelines for the operation of the program established under 
        subsection (a), including--
                    (A) criteria for an application for funding by a 
                military department, defense agency, or a combatant 
                command;
                    (B) the priorities, if any, to be provided to field 
                directed energy weapon system technologies developed by 
                research funding of the Department or industry; and
                    (C) criteria for evaluation of an application for 
                funding or changes to policies or acquisition and 
                business practices by such a department, agency, or 
                command for purposes of improving the effectiveness and 
                efficiency of the Program.
            (2) Limitation.--Funding for a military department, defense 
        agency, or combatant command under the program established 
        under subsection (a) may only be available for advanced 
        technology development, prototyping, and demonstrations in 
        which the Department of Defense maintains management of the 
        technical baseline and a primary emphasis on technology 
        transition and evaluating military utility to enhance the 
        likelihood that the particular directed energy weapon system 
        will meet the Department end user's need.
    (c) Applications for Funding.--
            (1) In general.--Not less frequently than once each year, 
        the Under Secretary shall solicit from the heads of the 
        military departments, the defense agencies, and the combatant 
        commands applications for funding under the program established 
        under subsection (a) to be used to enter into contracts, 
        cooperative agreements, or other transaction agreements entered 
        into pursuant to section 2371b of title 10, United States Code, 
        with appropriate entities for the fielding or commercialization 
        of technologies.
            (2) Treatment pursuant to certain congressional rules.--
        Nothing in this section shall be construed to require any 
        official of the Department of Defense to provide funding under 
        the program to any congressional earmark as defined pursuant to 
        clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the House of 
        Representatives or any congressionally directed spending item 
        as defined pursuant to paragraph 5 of rule XLIV of the Standing 
        Rules of the Senate.
    (d) Funding.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2) and 
        subject to the availability of appropriations for such purpose, 
        of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
        otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for research, 
        development, test, and evaluation, defense-wide, $200,000,000 
        shall be available to the Under Secretary to allocate to the 
        military departments, the defense agencies, and the combatant 
        commands to carry out the program established under subsection 
        (a).
            (2) Limitation.--Not more than half of the amounts made 
        available under paragraph (1) may be allocated as described in 
        such paragraph until the Under Secretary--
                    (A) develops the strategic plan required by section 
                219(a)(2)(A) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
                for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 
                2431 note); and
                    (B) submits such strategic plan to the 
                congressional defense committees.
    (e) Designation of Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering as the Official With Principal Responsibility for 
Development and Demonstration of Directed Energy Weapons.--Section 
219(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2431 note) is amended by striking 
``Not later'' and all that follows through ``of Defense'' and inserting 
``The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall 
serve''.
    (f) Under Secretary Defined.--In this section, the term ``Under 
Secretary'' means the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering in the Under Secretary's capacity as the official with 
principal responsibility for the development and demonstration of 
directed energy weapons pursuant to section 219(a)(1) of such Act 
(Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2431 note), as amended by subsection 
(e).

SEC. 220. AUTHORITY FOR THE UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR RESEARCH AND 
              ENGINEERING TO PROMOTE INNOVATION IN THE DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE.

    The Secretary of Defense shall establish procedures under which the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering may request a 
time-limited review and if necessary require coordination on and 
modification of proposed directives, rules, regulations, and other 
policies that in Under Secretary's view would adversely affect the 
ability of the innovation, research, and engineering enterprise of the 
Department of Defense to effectively and efficiently execute its 
missions, including policies and practices concerning the following:
            (1) Personnel and talent management.
            (2) Financial management and budgeting.
            (3) Infrastructure, installations, and military 
        construction.
            (4) Acquisition.
            (5) Management.
            (6) Such other areas as the Secretary may designate.

SEC. 221. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR F-35 JOINT STRIKE 
              FIGHTER FOLLOW-ON MODERNIZATION.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 or any other fiscal year 
for the Department of Defense may be obligated for F-35 Joint Strike 
Fighter Follow-On Modernization until the Secretary of Defense provides 
the final report required under section 224(d) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328).

SEC. 222. IMPROVEMENT OF UPDATE PROCESS FOR POPULATING MISSION DATA 
              FILES USED IN ADVANCED COMBAT AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Improvements to Update Process.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall take such 
        actions as may be necessary to improve the process used to 
        update the mission data files used in advanced combat aircraft 
        of the United States so that such updates can occur more 
        quickly.
            (2) Requirements.--In improving the process under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall ensure the following:
                    (A) That under such process, updates to the mission 
                data files are developed, operationally tested, and 
                loaded onto systems of advanced combat aircraft while 
                in theaters of operation in a time-sensitive manner to 
                allow for the distinguishing of threats, including 
                distinguishing friends from foes, loading and delivery 
                of weapon suites, and coordination with allied and 
                coalition armed forces.
                    (B) When updates are made to the mission data 
                files, all areas of responsibility (AoRs) are included.
                    (C) The process includes best practices relating to 
                such mission data files that have been identified by 
                industry and allies of the United States.
                    (D) The process improves the exchange of 
                information between weapons systems of the United 
                States and weapon systems of allies and partners of the 
                United States, with respect to such mission data files.
    (b) Consultation and Pilot Programs.--In carrying out subsection 
(a), the Secretary shall consult the innovation organizations resident 
in the Department of Defense and may consider carrying out a pilot 
program under another provision of this Act.
    (c) Report.--Not later than March 31, 2018, the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the actions 
taken by the Secretary under subsection (a)(1) and how the process 
described in such subsection has been improved.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 231. COMPETITIVE ACQUISITION PLAN FOR LOW PROBABILITY OF DETECTION 
              DATA LINK NETWORKS.

    (a) Plan Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics and the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff shall jointly, in consultation with the Secretary of the Navy and 
the Secretary of the Air Force, develop a plan to procure a secure, low 
probability of detection data link network capability with the ability 
to effectively operate in hostile jamming environments while preserving 
the low observable characteristics of the relevant platforms, between 
existing and planned--
            (1) fifth-generation combat aircraft;
            (2) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat aircraft;
            (3) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat aircraft 
        and appropriate support aircraft and other network nodes for 
        command, control, communications, intelligence, surveillance, 
        and reconnaissance purposes; and
            (4) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat aircraft 
        and their associated network-enabled precision weapons.
    (b) Additional Plan Requirements.--The plan required by subsection 
(a) shall include--
            (1) nonproprietary and open systems approaches compatible 
        with the Rapid Capabilities Office Open Mission Systems 
        initiative of the Air Force and the Future Airborne Capability 
        Environment initiative of the Navy;
            (2) a competitive acquisition process, to include 
        comparative flight demonstrations in realistic airborne 
        environments; and
            (3) low risk and affordable solutions with minimal impact 
        or changes to existing host platforms, and minimal overall 
        integration costs.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than February 15, 2018, the Under 
Secretary and the Vice Chairman shall provide to the congressional 
defense committees written documentation and briefing on the plan 
developed under subsection (a).
    (d) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for operations and 
maintenance for the Office of the Secretary of Defense and the Office 
of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, not more than 85 percent 
may be obligated or expended until a period of 15 days has elapsed 
following the date on which the Under Secretary and Vice Chairman 
submits to the congressional defense committees the plan required by 
subsection (a).

SEC. 232. CLARIFICATION OF SELECTION DATES FOR PILOT PROGRAM FOR THE 
              ENHANCEMENT OF THE RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND 
              EVALUATION CENTERS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    Section 233 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``the enactment of 
        this Act'' both places it appears and inserting ``such 
        submittal''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``propose and 
        implement'' and inserting ``submit to the Assistant Secretary 
        concerned a proposal on, and implement,''.

SEC. 233. REQUIREMENT FOR A PLAN TO BUILD A PROTOTYPE FOR A NEW GROUND 
              COMBAT VEHICLE FOR THE ARMY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a plan to build a prototype for a new 
ground combat vehicle for the Army.
    (b) Contents.--The plan required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) A description of how the Secretary intends to exploit 
        the latest enabling component technologies that have the 
        potential to dramatically change basic combat vehicle design 
        and improve lethality, protection, mobility, range, and 
        sustainment, including an analysis of capabilities of the most 
        advanced foreign ground combat vehicles and whether any have 
        characteristics that should inform the development of the 
        Army's prototype vehicle, including whether any United States 
        allies or partners have advanced capabilities that could be 
        directly incorporated in the prototype.
            (2) The schedule, cost, key milestones, and leadership plan 
        to rapidly design and build the prototype ground combat 
        vehicle.

SEC. 234. PLAN FOR SUCCESSFULLY FIELDING THE INTEGRATED AIR AND MISSILE 
              DEFENSE BATTLE COMMAND SYSTEM.

    (a) Plan Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a plan to successfully field a 
suitable, survivable, and effective Integrated Air and Missile Defense 
Battle Command System program.
    (b) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act for research, development, test, and evaluation may be 
obligated by the Secretary of the Army for the Army Integrated Air and 
Missile Defense and the Integrated Air and Missile Defense Battle 
Command System until the date on which the plan is submitted under 
subsection (a).

SEC. 235. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON HYPERSONIC WEAPONS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The United States has gained a thorough understanding 
        of hypersonic technology over the course of seven decades of 
        experimentation.
            (2) The requirements for technological breakthroughs in 
        hypersonics have largely been established, allowing pursuit of 
        hypersonic glide weapons without a prohibitive budget effect.
            (3) The Department of Defense has several hypersonic 
        research and development efforts underway, including 
        conventional prompt global strike (CPS) weapons system, the 
        Hypersonic Air-Breathing Weapon Concept, and the Tactical Boost 
        Glide program.
            (4) In testimony before the Committee on Armed Services of 
        the Senate on April 4, 2017, the Commander of United States 
        Strategic Command, General John Hyten, identified the 
        conventional prompt global strike weapons system as the 
        ``leading technology maturation effort in the realm of 
        hypersonics'' and stated that his command sees ``an operational 
        need for a CPS capabilities by the mid-2020s.''.
            (5) Hypersonic weapons present a radical change in warfare, 
        because they can circumvent many of the challenges associated 
        with contested warfare and integrated air defenses.
            (6) Hypersonic weapons may provide solutions to difficult 
        problem sets, such as anti-access area denial schemes, deeply 
        buried or hardened target sets, and mobile high value target 
        sets.
            (7) Other countries are aggressively pursuing hypersonic 
        weapons at an alarming rate that threaten to outpace the United 
        States if the United States does not more aggressively pursue 
        development of hypersonic weapons.
            (8) The Air Force has a $10,000,000 requirement on the 
        Unfunded Priority List for hypersonic prototyping.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Department of Defense should expedite testing, 
        evaluation, and acquisition of hypersonic weapon systems to 
        meet the stated needs of the warfighter;
            (2) testing of such weapon systems should include flight 
        testing, ground based testing, and underwater launch testing;
            (3) the Department of Defense should adhere to the 
        requirement in section 1688 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) to 
        proceed to a Milestone A decision on the conventional prompt 
        global strike weapons system not later than September 30, 2020, 
        or the date that is 240 days after the successful completion of 
        intermediate range flight 2 of such system;
            (4) the United States cannot afford to lose its advantage 
        over foreign countries in developing hypersonic weapons; and
            (5) the Department of Defense should focus on the next 
        generation of weapon systems, including third offset 
        technologies, such as hypersonics.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
4301.

                 Subtitle B--Logistics and Sustainment

SEC. 311. SENTINEL LANDSCAPES PARTNERSHIP.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with 
the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of the Interior, may 
establish and carry out a program to preserve sentinel landscapes. The 
program shall be known as the ``Sentinel Landscapes Partnership''.
    (b) Designation of Sentinel Landscapes.--The Secretary of Defense, 
in consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of 
the Interior, may, as the Secretary determines appropriate, 
collectively designate one or more sentinel landscapes.
    (c) Coordination of Activities.--The Secretaries may coordinate 
actions between their departments and with other agencies and private 
organizations to more efficiently work together for the mutual benefit 
of conservation, working lands, and national defense, and to encourage 
private landowners to engage in voluntary land management and 
conservation activities that contribute to the sustainment of military 
installations, ranges, and airspace.
    (d) Priority Consideration.--The Secretary of Agriculture and the 
Secretary of the Interior may give to any eligible landowner or 
agricultural producer within a designated sentinel landscape priority 
consideration for participation in any easement, grant, or assistance 
programs administered by that Secretary's department. Participation in 
any such program pursuant to this section shall be voluntary.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Military installation.--The term ``military 
        installation'' has the same meaning as provided in section 
        670(1) of title 16, United States Code.
            (2) State-owned national guard installation.--The term 
        ``State-owned National Guard installation'' has the same 
        meaning as provided in section 670(3) of title 16, United 
        States Code.
            (3) Sentinel landscape.--The term ``sentinel landscape'' 
        means a landscape-scale area encompassing--
                    (A) one or more military installations or state-
                owned National Guard installations and associated 
                airspace; and
                    (B) the working or natural lands that serve to 
                protect and support the rural economy, the natural 
                environment, outdoor recreation, and the national 
                defense test and training missions of the military- or 
                State-owned National Guard installation or 
                installations.
    (f) Conforming Amendment.--Section 312(b) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 
729; 10 U.S.C. 2684a note) is repealed.

SEC. 312. INCREASED PERCENTAGE OF SUSTAINMENT FUNDS AUTHORIZED FOR 
              REALIGNMENT TO RESTORATION AND MODERNIZATION AT EACH 
              INSTALLATION.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may authorize an 
installation commander to realign up to 7.5 percent of an 
installation's sustainment funds to restoration and modernization.
    (b) Sunset.--The authority under subsection (a) shall expire at the 
close of September 30, 2022.
    (c) Definitions.--The terms ``sustainment'', ``restoration'', and 
``modernization'' have the meanings given the terms in the Department 
of Defense Financial Management Regulation.

                          Subtitle C--Reports

SEC. 321. PLAN FOR MODERNIZED, DEDICATED DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY 
              ADVERSARY AIR TRAINING ENTERPRISE.

    (a) Plan Required.--The Chief of Naval Operations and the 
Commandant of the Marine Corps shall develop a plan--
            (1) to establish a modernized, dedicated adversary air 
        training enterprise for the Department of the Navy in order 
        to--
                    (A) maximize warfighting effectiveness and 
                synergies of the current and planned fourth and fifth 
                generation combat air forces through optimized training 
                and readiness; and
                    (B) harness intelligence analysis, emerging live-
                virtual-constructive training technologies, range 
                infrastructure improvements, and results of 
                experimentation and prototyping efforts in operational 
                concept development;
            (2) to explore all available opportunities to challenge the 
        combat air forces of the Department of the Navy with threat 
        representative adversary-to-friendly aircraft ratios, known and 
        emerging adversary tactics, and high-fidelity replication of 
        threat airborne and ground capabilities; and
            (3) to execute all means available to achieve training and 
        readiness goals and objectives of the Navy and Marine Corps 
        with demonstrated institutional commitment to the adversary air 
        training enterprise through the application of Department of 
        the Navy policy and resources, partnering with the other Armed 
        Forces, allies, and friends, and employing the use of industry 
        contracted services.
    (b) Plan Elements.--The plan required under subsection (a) shall 
include enterprise goals, objectives, concepts of operations, phased 
implementation timelines, analysis of expected readiness improvements, 
prioritized resource requirements, and such other matters as the Chief 
of Naval Operations and Commandant of the Marine Corps consider 
appropriate.
    (c) Submittal of Plan and Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2018, 
the Chief of Naval Operations and Commandant of the Marine Corps shall 
provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a written plan and briefing on the plan required 
under subsection (a).

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

SEC. 331. DEFENSE SITING CLEARINGHOUSE.

    (a) Codification.--Chapter 7 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 183 the following new section:
``Sec. 183a. Defense Siting Clearinghouse for review of mission 
              obstructions
    ``(a) Establishment.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
a Defense Siting Clearinghouse (in this section referred to as the 
`Clearinghouse').
    ``(2) The Clearinghouse shall be--
            ``(A) organized under the authority, direction, and control 
        of an Assistant Secretary of Defense designated by the 
        Secretary; and
            ``(B) assigned such personnel and resources as the 
        Secretary considers appropriate to carry out this section.
    ``(b) Functions.--(1) The Clearinghouse shall coordinate Department 
of Defense review of applications for energy projects filed with the 
Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49 and 
received by the Department of Defense from the Secretary of 
Transportation.
    ``(2) The Clearinghouse shall accelerate the development of 
planning tools necessary to determine the acceptability to the 
Department of Defense of proposals included in an application for an 
energy project submitted pursuant to such section.
    ``(3) The Clearinghouse shall perform such other functions as the 
Secretary of Defense assigns.
    ``(c) Review of Proposed Actions.--(1) Not later than 30 days after 
receiving from the Secretary of Transportation a proper application for 
an energy project under section 44718 of title 49 that may have an 
adverse impact on military operations and readiness, the Clearinghouse 
shall conduct a preliminary review of such application. The review 
shall--
            ``(A) assess the likely scope, duration, and level of risk 
        of any adverse impact of such energy project on military 
        operations and readiness; and
            ``(B) identify any feasible and affordable actions that 
        could be taken by the Department, the developer of such energy 
        project, or others to mitigate the adverse impact and to 
        minimize risks to national security while allowing the energy 
        project to proceed with development.
    ``(2) If the Clearinghouse determines under paragraph (1) that an 
energy project will have an adverse impact on military operations and 
readiness, the Clearinghouse shall issue to the applicant a notice of 
presumed risk that describes the concerns identified by the Department 
in the preliminary review and requests a discussion of possible 
mitigation actions.
    ``(3) At the same time that the Clearinghouse issues to the 
applicant a notice of presumed risk under paragraph (2), the 
Clearinghouse shall provide the same notice to the governor of the 
State in which the project is located and request that the governor 
provide the Clearinghouse any comments the governor believes of 
relevance to the application. The Secretary of Defense shall consider 
the comments of the governor in the Secretary's evaluation of whether 
the project presents an unacceptable risk to the national security of 
the United States and shall include the comments with the determination 
provided to the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 
44718(f) of title 49.
    ``(4) The Clearinghouse shall develop, in coordination with other 
departments and agencies of the Federal Government, an integrated 
review process to ensure timely notification and consideration of 
energy projects filed with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to 
section 44718 of title 49 that may have an adverse impact on military 
operations and readiness.
    ``(5) The Clearinghouse shall establish procedures for the 
Department of Defense for the coordinated consideration of and response 
to a request for a review received from another Federal agency, a State 
government, an Indian tribal government, a local government, a 
landowner, or the developer of an energy project, including guidance to 
personnel at each military installation in the United States on how to 
initiate such procedures and ensure a coordinated Department response.
    ``(6) The Clearinghouse shall develop procedures for conducting 
early outreach to parties carrying out energy projects that could have 
an adverse impact on military operations and readiness and to clearly 
communicate to such parties actions being taken by the Department of 
Defense under this section. The procedures shall provide for filing by 
such parties of a project area and preliminary project layout at least 
one year before expected construction of any project proposed within a 
military training route or within line-of-sight of any air route 
surveillance radar or airport surveillance radar operated or used by 
the Department of Defense in order to provide adequate time for 
analysis and negotiation of mitigation options. Material marked as 
proprietary or competition sensitive by a party filing for this 
preliminary review shall be protected from public release by the 
Department of Defense.
    ``(d) Comprehensive Review.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
develop a comprehensive strategy for addressing the military impacts of 
projects filed with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 
44718 of title 49.
    ``(2) In developing the strategy required by paragraph (1), the 
Secretary shall--
            ``(A) assess of the magnitude of interference posed by 
        projects filed with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to 
        section 44718 of title 49;
            ``(B) for the purpose of informing preliminary reviews 
        under subsection (c)(1) and early outreach efforts under 
        subsection (c)(5), identify geographic areas selected as 
        proposed locations for projects filed, or which may be filed in 
        the future, with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to 
        section 44718 of title 49 where such projects could have an 
        adverse impact on military operations and readiness and 
        categorize the risk of adverse impact in such areas; and
            ``(C) specifically identify feasible and affordable long-
        term actions that may be taken to mitigate adverse impacts of 
        projects filed, or which may be filed in the future, with the 
        Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 
        49, on military operations and readiness, including--
                    ``(i) investment priorities of the Department of 
                Defense with respect to research and development;
                    ``(ii) modifications to military operations to 
                accommodate applications for such projects;
                    ``(iii) recommended upgrades or modifications to 
                existing systems or procedures by the Department of 
                Defense;
                    ``(iv) acquisition of new systems by the Department 
                and other departments and agencies of the Federal 
                Government and timelines for fielding such new systems; 
                and
                    ``(v) modifications to the projects for which such 
                applications are filed, including changes in size, 
                location, or technology.
    ``(e) Department of Defense Determination of Unacceptable Risk.--
(1) The Secretary of Defense may not object to an energy project filed 
with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 
49, except in a case in which the Secretary of Defense determines, 
after giving full consideration to mitigation actions identified 
pursuant to this section, that such project, in isolation or 
cumulatively with other projects, would result in an unacceptable risk 
to the national security of the United States. Such a determination 
shall constitute a finding pursuant to section 44718(f) of title 49.
    ``(2)(A) Not later than 30 days after making a determination of 
unacceptable risk under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on such 
determination and the basis for such determination. Such report shall 
include an explanation of the operational impact that led to the 
determination, a discussion of the mitigation options considered, and 
an explanation of why the mitigation options were not feasible or did 
not resolve the conflict. The Secretary of Defense may provide public 
notice through the Federal Register of the determination.
    ``(B) The Secretary of Defense shall notify the appropriate State 
agency of a determination made under paragraph (1).
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense may only delegate the responsibility 
for making a determination of unacceptable risk under paragraph (1) to 
the Deputy Secretary of Defense, an under secretary of defense, or a 
deputy under secretary of defense.
    ``(f) Authority to Accept Contributions of Funds.--The Secretary of 
Defense is authorized to request and accept a voluntary contribution of 
funds from an applicant for a project filed with the Secretary of 
Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49. Amounts so 
accepted shall remain available until expended for the purpose of 
offsetting the cost of measures undertaken by the Secretary of Defense 
to mitigate adverse impacts of such a project on military operations 
and readiness or to conduct studies of potential measures to mitigate 
such impacts.
    ``(g) Effect of Department of Defense Hazard Assessment.--An action 
taken pursuant to this section shall not be considered to be a 
substitute for any assessment or determination required of the 
Secretary of Transportation under section 44718 of title 49.
    ``(h) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section shall be construed 
to affect or limit the application of, or any obligation to comply 
with, any environmental law, including the National Environmental 
Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
    ``(i) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `adverse impact on military operations and 
        readiness' means any adverse impact upon military operations 
        and readiness, including flight operations, research, 
        development, testing, and evaluation, and training, that is 
        demonstrable and is likely to impair or degrade the ability of 
        the armed forces to perform their warfighting missions.
            ``(2) The term `energy project' means a project that 
        provides for the generation or transmission of electrical 
        energy.
            ``(3) The term `landowner' means a person that owns a fee 
        interest in real property on which a proposed energy project is 
        planned to be located.
            ``(4) The term `military installation' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 2801(c)(4) of this title.
            ``(5) The term `military readiness' includes any training 
        or operation that could be related to combat readiness, 
        including testing and evaluation activities.
            ``(6) The term `military training route' means a training 
        route developed as part of the Military Training Route Program, 
        carried out jointly by the Federal Aviation Administration and 
        the Secretary of Defense, for use by the armed forces for the 
        purpose of conducting low-altitude, high-speed military 
        training.
            ``(7) The term `unacceptable risk to the national security 
        of the United States' means the construction, alteration, 
        establishment, or expansion, or the proposed construction, 
        alteration, establishment, or expansion, of a structure or 
        sanitary landfill that would--
                    ``(A) significantly endanger safety in air 
                commerce, related to the activities of the Department 
                of Defense;
                    ``(B) significantly interfere with the efficient 
                use and preservation of the navigable airspace and of 
                airport traffic capacity at public-use airports, 
                related to the activities of the Department of Defense; 
                or
                    ``(C) significantly impair or degrade the 
                capability of the Department of Defense to conduct 
                training, research, development, testing, and 
                evaluation, and operations or to maintain military 
                readiness.''.
    (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Repeal of existing provision.--Section 358 of the Ike 
        Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 
        (49 U.S.C. 44718 note) is repealed.
            (2) Cross-reference in title 49, united states code.--
        Section 44718(f) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
        inserting ``and in accordance with section 183a(e) of title 
        10'' after ``conducted under subsection (b)''.
            (3) Reference to regulations.--Section 44718(g) of title 
        49, United States Code, is amended by striking ``211.3 of title 
        32, Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on January 6, 
        2014'' both places it appears and inserting ``183a(i) of title 
        10''.
            (4) Table of sections amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 7 of title 10 is amended by inserting 
        after the item relating to section 183 the following new item:

``183a. Defense Siting Clearinghouse for review of mission 
                            obstructions.''.
    (c) Applicability of Existing Rules and Regulations.--
Notwithstanding the amendments made by subsection (a), any rule or 
regulation promulgated to carry out section 358 of the Ike Skelton 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (49 U.S.C. 
44718 note), that is in effect on the day before the date of the 
enactment of this Act shall continue in effect and apply to the extent 
such rule or regulation is consistent with the authority under section 
183a of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), until 
such rule or regulation is otherwise amended or repealed.

SEC. 332. TEMPORARY INSTALLATION REUTILIZATION AUTHORITY FOR ARSENALS, 
              DEPOTS, AND PLANTS.

    (a) Modified Authority.--In the case of a military manufacturing 
arsenal, depot, or plant, the Secretary of the Army may authorize 
leases and contracts under section 2667 of title 10, United States 
Code, for a term of up to 25 years, notwithstanding subsection (b)(1) 
of such section, if the Secretary determines that a lease or contract 
of that duration will promote the national defense for the purpose of--
            (1) helping to maintain the viability of the military 
        manufacturing arsenal, depot, or plant and any military 
        installations on which it is located;
            (2) eliminating, or at least reducing, the cost of 
        Government ownership of the military manufacturing arsenal, 
        depot, or plant, including the costs of operations and 
        maintenance, the costs of environmental remediation, and other 
        costs; and
            (3) leveraging private investment at the military 
        manufacturing arsenal, depot, or plant through long-term 
        facility use contracts, property management contracts, leases, 
        or other agreements that support and advance the preceding 
        purposes.
    (b) Delegation and Review Process.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Army may delegate the 
        authority provided by this section to the commander of the 
        major subordinate command of the Army that has responsibility 
        for the military manufacturing arsenal, depot, or plant or, if 
        part of a larger military installation, the installation as a 
        whole. The commander may approve a lease or contract under such 
        authority on a case-by-case basis or a class basis.
            (2) Notice of approval.--Upon any approval of a lease or 
        contract by a commander pursuant to a delegation of authority 
        under paragraph (1), the commander shall notify the Army real 
        property manager and Congress of the approval.
            (3) Review period.--Any lease or contract that is approved 
        utilizing the delegation authority under paragraph (1) is 
        subject to a 90-day hold period so that the Army real property 
        manager may review the lease or contract pursuant to paragraph 
        (4).
            (4) Disposition of review.--If the Army real property 
        manager disapproves of a contract or lease submitted for review 
        under paragraph (3), the agreement shall be null and void upon 
        transmittal by the real property manager to the delegating 
        authority of a written disapproval, including a justification 
        for such disapproval, within the 90-day hold period. If no such 
        disapproval is transmitted within the 90-day hold period, the 
        agreement shall be deemed approved.
            (5) Approval of revised agreement.--If, not later than 60 
        days after receiving a disapproval under paragraph (4), the 
        delegating authority submits to the Army real property manager 
        a new contract or lease that addresses the concerns of the Army 
        real property manager outlined in such disapproval, the new 
        contract or lease shall be deemed approved unless the Army real 
        property manager transmits to the delegating authority a 
        disapproval of the new contract or lease within 30 days of such 
        submission.
    (c) Military Manufacturing Arsenal, Depot, or Plant Defined.--In 
this section, the term ``military manufacturing arsenal, depot, or 
plant'' means a Government-owned, Government-operated defense plant of 
the Army that manufactures weapons, weapon components, or both.
    (d) Sunset.--The authority under this section shall terminate at 
the close of September 30, 2020. Any contracts entered into on or 
before such date shall continue in effect according to their terms.

SEC. 333. PILOT PROGRAM FOR OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE BUDGET 
              PRESENTATION.

    (a) In General.--Along with the budget for fiscal years 2019, 2020, 
and 2021 submitted by the President pursuant to section 1105(a) of 
title 31, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense and the 
Secretaries of the military departments shall submit to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives an 
annex for the following Operation and Maintenance sub-activity groups 
(SAG):
            (1) For the Army:
                    (A) SAG 111 - Maneuver Units.
                    (B) SAG 123 - Land Forces Depot Maintenance.
                    (C) SAG 131 - Base Operations Support.
                    (D) SAG 322 - Flight Training.
            (2) For the Navy:
                    (A) SAG 1A5A - Aircraft Depot Maintenance.
                    (B) SAG 1B1B - Mission and Other Ship Operations.
                    (C) SAG 1B4B - Ship Depot Maintenance.
                    (D) SAG BSS1 - Base Operating Support.
            (3) For the Marine Corps:
                    (A) SAG 1A1A - Operational Forces.
                    (B) SAG 1A3A - Depot Maintenance.
                    (C) SAG 1B1B - Field Logistics.
                    (D) SAG BSS1 - Base Operating Support.
            (4) For the Air Force:
                    (A) SAG 011A - Primary Combat Forces.
                    (B) SAG 011Y - Flying Hour Program.
                    (C) SAG 011Z - Base Support.
                    (D) SAG 021M - Depot Maintenance.
    (b) Elements.--The annex required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
            (1) A summary by appropriation account with subtotals for 
        Department of Defense components.
            (2) A summary of each appropriation account by budget 
        activity, activity group, and sub-activity group with budget 
        activity and activity group subtotals and an appropriation 
        total.
            (3) A detailed sub-activity group by program element and 
        expense aggregate listing in budget activity and activity group 
        sequence.
            (4) A rollup document by sub-activity group with 
        accompanying program element funding with the PB-61 program 
        element tags included.
            (5) A summary of each depot maintenance facility with 
        information on workload, work force, sources of funding, and 
        expenses similar to the exhibit on Mission Funded Naval 
        Shipyards included with the 2012 Navy Budget Justification.
            (6) A summary of contractor logistics support for each 
        program element, including a measure of workload and unit cost.
    (c) Formatting.--The annex required under subsection (a) shall be 
formatted in accordance with relevant Department of Defense financial 
management regulations that provide guidance for budget submissions to 
Congress.

SEC. 334. SERVICEWOMEN'S COMMEMORATIVE PARTNERSHIPS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may provide not more than 
$5,000,000 in financial support for the acquisition, installation, and 
maintenance of exhibits, facilities, historical displays, and programs 
at military service memorials and museums that highlight the role of 
women in the military. The Secretary may enter into a contract, 
partnership, or grant with a non-profit organization for the purpose of 
performing such acquisition, installation, and maintenance.
    (b) Purposes.--The contracts, partnerships, or grants shall be 
limited to serving the purposes of--
            (1) preserving the history of the 3,000,000 women who have 
        served in the United States Armed Forces;
            (2) managing an archive of artifacts, historic memorabilia, 
        and documents related to servicewomen;
            (3) maintaining a women veterans' oral history program; and
            (4) conducting other educational programs related to women 
        in service.

SEC. 335. AUTHORITY FOR AGREEMENTS TO REIMBURSE STATES FOR COSTS OF 
              SUPPRESSING WILDFIRES ON STATE LANDS CAUSED BY DEPARTMENT 
              OF DEFENSE ACTIVITIES UNDER LEASES AND OTHER GRANTS OF 
              ACCESS TO STATE LANDS.

    Section 2691 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) The Secretary of Defense may, in any lease, permit, license, 
or other grant of access for use of lands owned by a State, agree to 
reimburse the State for the reasonable costs of the State in 
suppressing wildland fires caused by the activities of the Department 
of Defense under such lease, permit, license, or other grant of 
access.''.

SEC. 336. REPURPOSING AND REUSE OF SURPLUS ARMY FIREARMS.

    (a) Required Transfer.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, and subject to subsection (c), the Secretary 
of the Army shall transfer to Rock Island Arsenal all excess firearms, 
related spare parts and components, small arms ammunition, and 
ammunition components currently stored at Defense Distribution Depot, 
Anniston, Alabama, that are no longer actively issued for military 
service and that are otherwise prohibited from commercial sale, or 
distribution, under Federal law.
    (b) Repurposing and Reuse.--The items specified for transfer under 
subsection (a) shall be melted and repurposed for military use as 
determined by the Secretary of the Army, including--
            (1) the reforging of new firearms or their components; and
            (2) force protection barriers and security bollards.
    (c) Items Exempt From Transfer.--M-1 Garand, caliber .45 M1911/
M1911A1 pistols, and caliber .22 rimfire rifles are not subject to the 
transfer requirement under subsection (a).

SEC. 337. DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY MARKSMANSHIP AWARDS.

    Section 40728 of title 36, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(i) Authorized Navy Transfers.--(1) Notwithstanding subsections 
(a) and (b), the Secretary of the Navy may transfer to the corporation, 
in accordance with the procedures prescribed in this subchapter, M-1 
Garand and caliber .22 rimfire rifles held within the inventories of 
the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps and stored at 
Defense Distribution Depot, Anniston, Alabama, or Naval Surface Warfare 
Center, Crane, Indiana, as of the date of the enactment of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018.
    ``(2) The items specified for transfer under paragraph (1) shall be 
used as awards for competitors in marksmanship competitions held by the 
United States Marine Corps or the United States Navy and may not be 
resold.''.

                   Subtitle E--Energy and Environment

SEC. 341. AUTHORITY TO CARRY OUT ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION ACTIVITIES 
              AT NATIONAL GUARD AND RESERVE LOCATIONS.

    Section 2701(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) Authority to carry out activities at national guard 
        and reserve locations.--The Secretary may carry out activities 
        under this section at National Guard and Reserve locations.''.

SEC. 342. SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR ENERGY PERFORMANCE GOALS.

    Section 2911(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``and to reduce the 
        future demand and the requirements for the use of energy'' 
        after ``consumption of energy'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``to reduce the future 
        demand and the requirements for the use of energy'' and 
        inserting ``to enhance energy resilience to ensure the 
        Department of Defense has the ability to prepare for and 
        recover from energy disruptions that impact mission assurance 
        on military installations''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(13) Opportunities to leverage third-party financing to 
        address installation energy needs.''.

SEC. 343. CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL STUDY ON HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF 
              PER- AND POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES CONTAMINATION IN 
              DRINKING WATER.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Health and Human Services, acting 
through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Agency 
for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry and in consultation with the 
Department of Defense, shall--
            (1) commence a study on the human health implications of 
        per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) contamination in 
        drinking water, ground water, and any other sources of water 
        and relevant exposure vectors, including the cumulative human 
        health implications of multiple types of PFAS contamination at 
        levels above and below health advisory levels;
            (2) not later than 5 years after the date of enactment of 
        this Act (or 7 years after such date of enactment after 
        providing notice to the appropriate congressional committees of 
        the need for the delay)--
                    (A) complete such study and make any appropriate 
                recommendations; and
                    (B) submit a report to the appropriate 
                congressional committees on the results of such study; 
                and
            (3) not later than one year after the date of the enactment 
        of this Act, and annually thereafter until submission of the 
        report under paragraph (2)(B), submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a report on the progress of the study.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--
            (1) Authorization.--There is authorized to be appropriated 
        $7,000,000 to carry out this section.
            (2) Offset.--The amount authorized to be appropriated for 
        fiscal year 2018 for the Department of Defense by section 301 
        for operation and maintenance is hereby reduced by $7,000,000, 
        with the amount of such decrease to be allocated to operation 
        and maintenance, Navy, SAG BSIT, as specified in the funding 
        tables in section 4301.
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the congressional defense committees;
            (2) the Committee on Heath, Education, Labor, and Pensions 
        and the Committee on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate; and
            (3) the Committee on Energy and Commerce and the Committee 
        on Veterans' Affairs of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 344. ENVIRONMENTAL OVERSIGHT AND REMEDIATION AT RED HILL BULK FUEL 
              STORAGE FACILITY.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility located on 
        Oahu, Hawaii is a national strategic asset that--
                    (A) supports combatant commander theater security 
                requirements;
                    (B) supports contingency operations;
                    (C) provides essential and timely support to the 
                United States and allies' military mobilizations and 
                disaster response efforts in the Indo-Asia-Pacific and 
                around the world; and
                    (D) is routinely used to support normal transit of 
                Navy and Air Force movements in the region;
            (2) the facility in its current form cannot be replicated 
        anywhere else in the world;
            (3) moving the fuel to another storage facility in the 
        Indo-Asia-Pacific would have implications for the United States 
        military force structure in the State of Hawaii and put at risk 
        billions of dollars in annual economic activity that the Armed 
        Forces bring to the State of Hawaii;
            (4) if the facility were closed, the United States Armed 
        Forces would be unable to support the National Military 
        Strategy, including the goals of the United States Pacific 
        Commander, and national security interests would be 
        significantly undermined;
            (5) constant vigilance is required to ensure that facility 
        degradation and fuel leaks do not pose a threat to the people 
        of Hawaii, especially the drinking water on Oahu; and
            (6) despite its importance, the facility continues to face 
        long-term challenges without robust and consistent funding that 
        provides the Navy and the Defense Logistics Agency with the 
        resources needed to improve the tanks and associated 
        infrastructure.
    (b) Budget Submissions.--
            (1) Annual budget justification.--The Secretary of Defense, 
        in consultation with the Secretary of the Navy, shall ensure 
        that the budget justification materials submitted to Congress 
        in support of the Department of Defense budget for any fiscal 
        year (as submitted with the budget of the President under 
        section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code) includes a 
        description of how the Department will use funds to support any 
        deliverables that the parties of the Administrative Order on 
        Consent/Statement of Work have identified as necessary to 
        mitigate and prevent fuel leaks at the Red Hill Bulk Fuel 
        Storage Facility on Oahu, Hawaii.
            (2) Future years defense budget.--The Secretary of Defense, 
        in consultation with the Secretary of the Navy, shall ensure 
        that each future-years defense program submitted to Congress 
        under section 221 of title 10, United States Code, describes 
        how the Department will use funds to support any deliverables 
        that the parties of the Administrative Order on Consent/
        Statement of Work have identified as necessary to mitigate and 
        prevent fuel leaks at the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility 
        on Oahu, Hawaii, in the period covered by the future-years 
        defense program.
    (c) Administrative Order on Consent/Statement of Work Defined.--In 
this section, the term ``Administrative Order on Consent/Statement of 
Work'' means a legally enforceable agreement between the United States 
Department of the Navy (Navy), the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA), the 
United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Region 9, and the 
State of Hawaii Department of Health (DOH) that the parties voluntarily 
entered into on September 28, 2015 [EPA DKT NO. RCRA 7003-R9-2015-01/
DOH DKT NO. 15-UST-EA-01].

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty personnel 
as of September 30, 2018, as follows:
            (1) The Army, 481,000.
            (2) The Navy, 327,900.
            (3) The Marine Corps, 186,000.
            (4) The Air Force, 325,100.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for 
Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 
30, 2018, as follows:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 343,500.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 199,500.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 59,000.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 106,600.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 69,800.
            (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed by 
subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall 
be proportionately reduced by--
            (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to 
        serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such component which 
        are on active duty (other than for training) at the end of the 
        fiscal year; and
            (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
        organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
        component who are on active duty (other than for training or 
        for unsatisfactory participation in training) without their 
        consent at the end of the fiscal year.
    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual members 
of the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are released from 
active duty during any fiscal year, the end strength prescribed for 
such fiscal year for the Selected Reserve of such reserve component 
shall be increased proportionately by the total authorized strengths of 
such units and by the total number of such individual members.

SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF THE 
              RESERVES.

    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of September 30, 
2018, the following number of Reserves to be serving on full-time 
active duty or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National 
Guard, for the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, 
instructing, or training the reserve components:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,155.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 16,261.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,101.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,261.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,260.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 3,588.

SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).

    The minimum number of military technicians (dual status) as of the 
last day of fiscal year 2018 for the reserve components of the Army and 
the Air Force (notwithstanding section 129 of title 10, United States 
Code) shall be the following:
            (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
        22,294.
            (2) For the Army Reserve, 6,492.
            (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 
        19,135.
            (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 8,880.

SEC. 414. FISCAL YEAR 2018 LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF NON-DUAL STATUS 
              TECHNICIANS.

    (a) Limitations.--
            (1) National guard.--The number of non-dual status 
        technicians employed by the National Guard as of September 30, 
        2018, may not exceed the following:
                    (A) For the Army National Guard of the United 
                States, 0.
                    (B) For the Air National Guard of the United 
                States, 0.
            (2) Army reserve.--The number of non-dual status 
        technicians employed by the Army Reserve as of September 30, 
        2018, may not exceed 0.
            (3) Air force reserve.--The number of non-dual status 
        technicians employed by the Air Force Reserve as of September 
        30, 2018, may not exceed 0.
    (b) Non-dual Status Technicians Defined.--In this section, the term 
``non-dual status technician'' has the meaning given that term in 
section 10217(a) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 415. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
              ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

    During fiscal year 2018, the maximum number of members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving at any time 
on full-time operational support duty under section 115(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is the following:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

SEC. 416. NUMBER OF MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL GUARD ON FULL-TIME DUTY IN 
              SUPPORT OF THE RESERVES WITHIN THE NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU.

    Within the personnel authorized by paragraphs (1) and (5) of 
section 412, the number of personnel under each such paragraph who may 
serve with the National Guard Bureau may not exceed the number equal to 
six percent of the number authorized by such paragraph.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 for the use of the Armed Forces 
and other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
expenses, not otherwise provided for, for military personnel, as 
specified in the funding table in section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other authorization of 
appropriations (definite or indefinite) for such purpose for fiscal 
year 2018.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

SEC. 501. CLARIFICATION OF BASELINES FOR AUTHORIZED NUMBERS OF GENERAL 
              AND FLAG OFFICERS ON ACTIVE DUTY AND IN JOINT DUTY 
              ASSIGNMENTS.

    (a) Active-duty Baseline.--Subsection (h)(2) of section 526 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``the lower of'' 
and all that follows and inserting ``the statutory limit of general 
officers or flag officers of that armed force under subsection (a).''.
    (b) Joint Duty Assignment Baseline.--Subsection (i)(2) of such 
section is amended by striking ``the lower of'' and all that follows 
and inserting ``the statutory limit on general officer and flag officer 
positions that are joint duty assignments under subsection (b)(1).''.

SEC. 502. AUTHORITY OF PROMOTION BOARDS TO RECOMMEND OFFICERS OF 
              PARTICULAR MERIT BE PLACED AT THE TOP OF THE PROMOTION 
              LIST.

    (a) Authority of Promotion Boards To Recommend Officers of 
Particular Merit Be Placed at Top of Promotion List.--Section 616 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(g)(1) In selecting the officers to be recommended for promotion, 
a selection board may, when authorized by the Secretary of the military 
department concerned, recommend officers of particular merit, from 
among those officers selected for promotion, to be placed at the top of 
the promotion list promulgated by the Secretary under section 624(a)(1) 
of this title.
    ``(2) The number of such officers placed at the top of the 
promotion list may not exceed the number equal to 20 percent of the 
maximum number of officers that the board is authorized to recommend 
for promotion in such competitive category. If the number determined 
under this subsection is less than one, the board may recommend one 
such officer.
    ``(3) No officer may be recommended to be placed at the top of the 
promotion list unless the officer receives the recommendation of at 
least a majority of the members of a board for such placement.
    ``(4) For the officers recommended to be placed at the top of the 
promotion list, the board shall recommend the order in which these 
officers should be promoted.''.
    (b) Officers of Particular Merit Appearing at Top of Promotion 
List.--Section 624(a)(1) of such title is amended by inserting ``, 
except such officers of particular merit who were approved by the 
President and recommended by the board to be placed at the top of the 
promotion list under section 616(g) of this title as these officers 
shall be placed at the top of the promotion list in the order 
recommended by the board'' after ``officers on the active-duty list''.

SEC. 503. CLARIFICATION TO EXCEPTION FOR REMOVAL OF OFFICERS FROM LIST 
              OF OFFICERS RECOMMENDED FOR PROMOTION AFTER 18 MONTHS 
              WITHOUT APPOINTMENT.

    Section 629(c)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``the Senate is not able to obtain the information necessary'' 
and inserting ``the military department concerned is not able to obtain 
and provide to the Senate the information the Senate requires''.

SEC. 504. FLEXIBILITY IN PROMOTION OF OFFICERS TO POSITIONS OF STAFF 
              JUDGE ADVOCATE TO THE COMMANDANT OF THE MARINE CORPS AND 
              DEPUTY JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL OF THE NAVY.

    (a) Staff Judge Advocate to Commandant of the Marine Corps.--
Section 5046(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(b)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) If the Secretary of the Navy elects to convene a selection 
board under section 611(a) of this title to consider eligible officers 
for selection to appointment as Staff Judge Advocate, the Secretary 
may, in connection with such consideration for selection--
            ``(A) treat any section in chapter 36 of this title 
        referring to promotion to the next higher grade as if such 
        section referred to promotion to a higher grade; and
            ``(B) waive section 619(a)(2) of this title if the 
        Secretary determines that the needs of the Marine Corps require 
        the waiver.''.
    (b) Deputy Judge Advocate General of the Navy.--Section 5149(a) of 
such title is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) If the Secretary of the Navy elects to convene a selection 
board under section 611(a) of this title to consider eligible officers 
for selection to appointment as Deputy Judge Advocate General, the 
Secretary may, in connection with such consideration for selection--
            ``(A) treat any section in chapter 36 of this title 
        referring to promotion to the next higher grade as if such 
        section referred to promotion to a higher grade; and
            ``(B) waive section 619(a)(2) of this title if the 
        Secretary determines that the needs of the Navy require the 
        waiver.''.

SEC. 505. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT FOR SPECIFICATION OF NUMBER OF OFFICERS 
              WHO MAY BE RECOMMENDED FOR EARLY RETIREMENT BY A 
              SELECTIVE EARLY RETIREMENT BOARD.

    Section 638a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (1); and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (4) as 
                paragraphs (1) through (3), respectively; and
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (2); and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as 
                paragraphs (2) and (3), respectively.

SEC. 506. EXTENSION OF SERVICE-IN-GRADE WAIVER AUTHORITY FOR VOLUNTARY 
              RETIREMENT OF CERTAIN GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICERS FOR 
              PURPOSES OF ENHANCED FLEXIBILITY IN OFFICER PERSONNEL 
              MANAGEMENT.

    Section 1370(a)(2)(G) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``2017'' and inserting ``2025''.

SEC. 507. INCLUSION OF PRINCIPAL MILITARY DEPUTY TO THE ASSISTANT 
              SECRETARY OF THE ARMY FOR ACQUISITION, TECHNOLOGY, AND 
              LOGISTICS AMONG OFFICERS SUBJECT TO REPEAL OF STATUTORY 
              SPECIFICATION OF GENERAL OFFICER GRADE.

    Section 3016(b)(5)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``a lieutenant general'' and inserting ``an officer''.

SEC. 508. CLARIFICATION OF EFFECT OF REPEAL OF STATUTORY SPECIFICATION 
              OF GENERAL OR FLAG OFFICER GRADE FOR VARIOUS POSITIONS IN 
              THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Retention of Grade of Incumbents in Positions on Effective 
Date.--Effective as of December 23, 2016, and as if included in the 
enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2017 (Public Law 114-328) to which it relates, section 502 of that Act 
(130 Stat. 2102) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(tt) Retention of Grade of Incumbents in Positions on Effective 
Date.--The grade of service of an officer serving as of the date of the 
enactment of this Act in a position whose statutory grade is affected 
by an amendment made by this section may not be reduced after that date 
by reason of such amendment as long as the officer remains in 
continuous service in such position after that date.''.
    (b) Clarifying Amendment to Chief of Veterinary Corps of the Army 
Repeal.--Section 3084 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking the last sentence.

SEC. 509. GRANDFATHERING OF RETIRED GRADE OF ASSISTANT JUDGE ADVOCATES 
              GENERAL OF THE NAVY AS OF REPEAL OF STATUTORY 
              SPECIFICATION OF GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICERS GRADES IN THE 
              ARMED FORCES.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding the amendments made by section 
502(gg)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2017 (Public Law 114-328), the officer holding a position specified in 
subsection (b) as of December 23, 2016, in the grade of rear admiral 
(lower half) or brigadier general, as applicable, may be retired after 
that date in such grade with the retired pay of such grade (unless 
entitled to higher pay under another provision of law).
    (b) Specified Positions.--The positions specified in this 
subsection are the following:
            (1) The Assistant Judge Advocate General of the Navy 
        provided for by section 5149(b) of title 10, United States 
        Code.
            (2) The Assistant Judge Advocate General of the Navy 
        provided for by section 5149(c) of title 10, United States 
        Code.

SEC. 510. SERVICE CREDIT FOR CYBERSPACE EXPERIENCE OR ADVANCED 
              EDUCATION UPON ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT AS A COMMISSIONED 
              OFFICER.

    (a) Original Appointment as a Reserve Officer.--Section 12207 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2), by inserting ``or (e)'' after 
        ``subsection (b)'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsections 
        (f) and (g), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
        subsection (e):
    ``(e)(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, 
if the Secretary of a military department determines that the number of 
commissioned officers with cyberspace-related experience or advanced 
education in reserve active-status in an armed force under the 
jurisdiction of such Secretary is critically below the number needed, 
such Secretary may credit any person receiving an original appointment 
as a reserve commissioned officer with a period of constructive service 
for the following:
            ``(A) Special experience or training in a particular 
        cyberspace-related field if such experience or training is 
        directly related to the operational needs of the armed force 
        concerned.
            ``(B) Any period of advanced education in a cyberspace-
        related field beyond the baccalaureate degree level if such 
        advanced education is directly related to the operational needs 
        of the armed force concerned.
    ``(2) Constructive service credited an officer under this 
subsection shall not exceed one year for each year of special 
experience, training, or advanced education, and not more than three 
years total constructive service may be credited.
    ``(3) Constructive service credited an officer under this 
subsection is in addition to any service credited that officer under 
subsection (a) and shall be credited at the time of the original 
appointment of the officer.
    ``(4) The authority to award constructive service credit under this 
subsection expires on December 31, 2023.''; and
            (4) in subsection (f), as redesignated by paragraph (2), by 
        striking ``or (d)'' and inserting ``, (d), or (e)''.
    (b) Extension of Authority in Connection With Original Appointment 
of Regular Officers.--Section 533(g)(4) of such title is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2018'' and inserting ``December 31, 2023''.

SEC. 510A. AUTHORITY FOR OFFICERS TO OPT-OUT OF PROMOTION BOARD 
              CONSIDERATION.

    (a) Active-duty List Officers.--Section 619 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(6) An officer excluded under subsection (e).''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Authority to Permit Officers to Opt Out of Selection Board 
Consideration.--The Secretary of Defense may authorize the Secretary of 
a military department to provide that an officer under the jurisdiction 
of that Secretary may, upon the officer's request and with the approval 
of the Secretary concerned, be excluded from consideration by a 
selection board convened under section 611(a) of this title to consider 
officers for promotion to the next higher grade. The Secretary 
concerned may only approve such a request if--
            ``(1) the basis for the request is to allow an officer to 
        complete a broadening assignment, advanced education, another 
        assignment of significant value to the Department of Defense, 
        or a career progression requirement delayed by the assignment 
        of education;
            ``(2) the Secretary concerned determines the exclusion from 
        consideration is in the best interest of the military 
        department concerned; and
            ``(3) the officer has not previously failed of selection 
        for promotion to the grade for which the officer requests the 
        exclusion from consideration.''.
    (b) Reserve Active-status List Officers.--Section 14301 of such 
title is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Previously Selected Officers Not Eligible'' and 
                inserting ``Certain Officers Not''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(6) An officer excluded under subsection (j).''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(j) Authority to Permit Officers to Opt Out of Selection Board 
Consideration.--The Secretary of Defense may authorize the Secretary of 
a military department to provide that an officer under the jurisdiction 
of that Secretary may, upon the officer's request and with the approval 
of the Secretary concerned, be excluded from consideration by a 
selection board convened under section 14101(a) of this title to 
consider officers for promotion to the next higher grade. The Secretary 
concerned may only approve such a request if--
            ``(1) the basis for the request is to allow an officer to 
        complete a broadening assignment, advanced education, another 
        assignment of significant value to the Department of Defense, 
        or a career progression requirement delayed by the assignment 
        or education;
            ``(2) the Secretary concerned determines the exclusion from 
        consideration is in the best interest of the military 
        department concerned; and
            ``(3) the officer has not previously failed of selection 
        for promotion to the grade for which the officer requests the 
        exclusion from consideration.''.

SEC. 510B. REAUTHORIZATION OF AUTHORITY TO ORDER RETIRED MEMBERS TO 
              ACTIVE DUTY IN HIGH-DEMAND, LOW-DENSITY ASSIGNMENTS.

    Section 688a(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``after December 21, 2011.'' and inserting ``outside a period 
as follows:
            ``(1) The period beginning on December 2, 2002, and ending 
        on December 31, 2011.
            ``(2) The period beginning on the date of the enactment of 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 and 
        ending on December 31, 2022.''.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

SEC. 511. CONSOLIDATION OF AUTHORITIES TO ORDER MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE 
              COMPONENTS OF THE ARMED FORCES TO PERFORM DUTY.

    Section 515 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 810) is amended--
            (1) in the second sentence of subsection (b), by striking 
        ``such legislation as would be necessary to amend titles 10, 
        14, 32, and 37 of the United States Code and other provisions 
        of law in order to implement the Secretary's approach by 
        October 1, 2018'' and inserting ``legislation implementing the 
        alternate approach by April 30, 2019''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Attributes of Alternate Approach.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall ensure the alternate approach described in subsection (b)--
            ``(1) reduces the number of statutory authorities by which 
        members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces may be 
        ordered to perform duty to not more than 8 statutory 
        authorities grouped into 4 duty categories to which specific 
        pay and benefits may be aligned, which categories shall 
        include--
                    ``(A) one duty category that shall generally 
                reflect active service performed in support of 
                contingency type operations or other military actions 
                in support of the commander of a combatant command;
                    ``(B) a second duty category that shall--
                            ``(i) generally reflect active service not 
                        described in subparagraph (A); and
                            ``(ii) consist of training, administration, 
                        operational support, and full-time support of 
                        the reserve components;
                    ``(C) a third duty category that shall--
                            ``(i) generally reflect duty performed 
                        under direct military supervision while not in 
                        active service; and
                            ``(ii) include duty characterized by 
                        partial-day service; and
                    ``(D) a fourth duty category that shall--
                            ``(i) generally reflect remote duty 
                        completed while not under direct military 
                        supervision; and
                            ``(ii) include completion of correspondence 
                        courses and telework;
            ``(2) distinguishes among duty performed under titles 10, 
        14, and 32, United States Code, and ensures that the reasons 
        the members of the reserve components are utilized under the 
        statutory authorities which exist prior to the alternate 
        approach are preserved and can be tracked as separate and 
        distinct purposes;
            ``(3) minimizes, to the maximum extent practicable, 
        disruptions in pay and benefits for members, and adheres to the 
        principle that a member should receive pay and benefits 
        commensurate with the nature and performance of the member's 
        duties;
            ``(4) ensures the Secretary has the flexibility to meet 
        emerging requirements and to effectively manage the force; and
            ``(5) aligns Department of Defense programming and 
        budgeting to the types of duty members perform.''.

SEC. 512. ESTABLISHMENT OF OFFICE OF COMPLEX INVESTIGATIONS WITHIN THE 
              NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU.

    (a) Establishment.--Chapter 1101 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 10509. Office of Complex Investigations
    ``(a) In General.--There is in the National Guard Bureau an Office 
of Complex Investigations (in this section referred to as the `Office') 
under the authority, direction, and control of the Chief of the 
National Guard Bureau.
    ``(b) Disposition and Functions.--The Office shall be organized, 
trained, equipped, and managed to conduct administrative investigations 
in order to assist the States in the organization, maintenance, and 
operation of the National Guard as follows:
            ``(1) In investigations of allegations of sexual assault 
        involving members of the National Guard.
            ``(2) In investigations in circumstances involving members 
        of the National Guard in which other law enforcement agencies 
        within the Department of Defense do not have, or have limited, 
        jurisdiction or authority to investigate.
            ``(3) In investigations in such other circumstances 
        involving members of the National Guard as the Chief of the 
        National Guard Bureau may direct.
    ``(c) Scope of Investigative Authority.--Individuals performing 
investigations described in subsection (b)(1) are authorized--
            ``(1) to have access to all records, reports, audits, 
        reviews, documents, papers, recommendations, or other material 
        available to the applicable establishment which relate to 
        programs and operations with respect to the National Guard; and
            ``(2) to request such information or assistance as may be 
        necessary for carrying out those duties from any Federal, 
        State, or local governmental agency or unit thereof.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 1101 of such title is amended by adding at the end the 
following new item:

``10509. Office of Complex Investigations.''.

                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

SEC. 516. REPORT ON POLICIES FOR REGULAR AND RESERVE OFFICER CAREER 
              MANAGEMENT.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting forth the 
results of a review, undertaken by the Secretary for purposes of the 
report, of the policies of the Department of Defense for the career 
management of regular and reserve officers of the Armed Forces pursuant 
to the Defense Officer Personnel Management Act (commonly referred to 
as ``DOPMA'') and the Reserve Officer Personnel Management Act 
(commonly referred to as ``ROPMA'').
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
recommendations for the following:
            (1) Mechanisms to increase the ability of officers to 
        repeatedly transition between active duty and reserve active-
        status throughout the course of their military careers.
            (2) Mechanisms to provide the Armed Forces additional 
        flexibility in managing the populations of officers in the 
        grades of major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel and Navy 
        grades of lieutenant commander, commander, and captain.
            (3) Mechanisms to use the modernized retirement system 
        provided by part I of subtitle D of title VI of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-
        92) to encourage officers to pursue careers of lengths that 
        vary from the traditional 20-year military career.
            (4) Mechanisms to provide for alternative career tracks for 
        officers that encourage and facilitate the recruitment and 
        retention of officers with technical expertise.
            (5) Mechanisms for a career and promotion path for officers 
        in cyber-related specialties.
            (6) Mechanism to ensure the officer corps does not become 
        disproportionately weighted toward officers serving in the 
        grades of major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel and Navy 
        grades of lieutenant commander, commander, and captain.
            (7) Any other mechanisms or matters the Secretary considers 
        appropriate to improve the effective recruitment, management, 
        and retention of regular and reserve officers of the Armed 
        Forces.
    (c) Scope of Report.--If any recommendation of the Secretary in the 
report required by subsection (a) requires legislative or 
administrative action for implementation, the report shall include a 
proposal for legislative action, or a description of administrative 
action, as applicable, to implement such recommendation.

SEC. 517. RESPONSIBILITY OF CHIEFS OF STAFF OF THE ARMED FORCES FOR 
              STANDARDS AND QUALIFICATIONS FOR MILITARY SPECIALTIES 
              WITHIN THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (d), 
responsibility within an Armed Force for establishing, approving, and 
modifying the criteria, standards, and qualifications for military 
speciality codes within that Armed Force shall be vested solely in the 
Chief of Staff of that Armed Force.
    (b) Military Specialty Codes.--For purposes of this section, a 
military specialty code is as follows:
            (1) A Military Occupational Speciality Code (MOS) and any 
        other military specialty or military occupational specialty of 
        the Army, in the case of the Army.
            (2) A Naval Enlisted Code (NEC), Unrestricted Duty code, 
        Restricted Duty code, Restricted Line duty code, Staff Corps 
        code, Limited Duty code, Warrant Officer code, and any other 
        military specialty or military occupational specialty of the 
        Navy, in the case of the Navy.
            (3) An Air Force Specialty Code (AFSC) and any other 
        military specialty or military occupational specialty of the 
        Air Force, in the case of the Air Force.
            (4) A Military Occupational Speciality Code (MOS) and any 
        other military specialty or military occupational specialty of 
        the Marine Corps, in the case of the Marine Corps.
    (c) Chief of Staff for Marine Corps.--For purposes of this section, 
the Commandant of the Marine Corps shall be deemed to be the Chief of 
Staff of the Marine Corps.
    (d) Gender Integration.--Nothing in this section shall be construed 
to terminate, alter, or revise the authority of the Secretary of 
Defense to establish, approve, modify, or otherwise regulate gender-
based criteria, standards, and qualifications for military specialties 
within the Armed Forces.

SEC. 518. CONFIDENTIAL REVIEW OF CHARACTERIZATION OF TERMS OF DISCHARGE 
              OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WHO ARE SURVIVORS OF 
              SEXUAL ASSAULT.

    (a) Codification of Current Confidential Process.--
            (1) Codification.--Chapter 79 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 1554a a new section 
        1554b consisting of--
                    (A) a heading as follows:
``Sec. 1554b. Confidential review of characterization of terms of 
              discharge of members of the armed forces who are 
              survivors of sex-related offenses''; and
                    (B) a text consisting of the text of section 547 of 
                the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National 
                Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public 
                Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3375; 10 U.S.C. 1553 note).
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 79 of such title is amended by inserting 
        after the item relating to section 1554a the following new 
        item:

``1554b. Confidential review of characterization of terms of discharge 
                            of members of the armed forces who are 
                            survivors of sex-related offenses.''.
            (3) Conforming repeal.--Section 547 of the Carl Levin and 
        Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2015 is repealed.
    (b) Terminology.--Subsection (a) of section 1554b of title 10, 
United States Code, as added by subsection (a) of this section, is 
amended by striking ``victim'' each place it appears and inserting 
``survivor''.
    (c) Clarification of Applicability to Individuals Who Allege They 
Were a Survivor of a Sex-related Offense During Military Service.--
Subsection (a) of such section 1554b, as so added, is further amended 
by inserting after ``sex-related offense'' the following: ``, or 
alleges that the individual was the survivor of a sex-related 
offense,''.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--Such section 1554b, as so added, is 
further amended--
            (1) by striking ``Armed Forces'' each place it appears in 
        subsections (a) and (b) and inserting ``armed forces'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``boards for the correction of 
                military records of the military department concerned'' 
                and inserting ``boards of the military department 
                concerned established in accordance with this 
                chapter''; and
                    (B) by striking ``such an offense'' and inserting 
                ``a sex-related offense'';
            (3) in subsection (b), by striking ``boards for the 
        correction of military records'' and inserting ``boards of the 
        military department concerned established in accordance with 
        this chapter''; and
            (4) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``title 10, 
                United States Code'' and inserting ``this title''; and
                    (B) in paragraphs (2) and (3), by striking ``such 
                title'' and inserting ``this title''.

SEC. 519. IMPROVEMENTS TO CERTAIN AUTHORITIES AND PROCEDURES OF 
              DISCHARGE REVIEW BOARDS.

    (a) Repeal of 15-year Statute of Limitations on Motions or Requests 
for Review.--Subsection (a) of section 1553 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by striking the second sentence.
    (b) Telephonic Presentation of Evidence.--Subsection (c) of such 
section is amended in the second sentence by striking ``or by 
affidavit'' and inserting ``, by affidavit, or by telephone or video 
conference (to the extent reasonable and technically feasible)''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2018.

SEC. 520. PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION RELATED TO DISPOSITION OF 
              CLAIMS REGARDING DISCHARGE OR RELEASE OF MEMBERS OF THE 
              ARMED FORCES WHEN THE CLAIMS INVOLVE SEXUAL ASSAULT.

    (a) Boards for the Correction of Military Records.--Section 1552(h) 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraph:
            ``(4) The number and disposition of claims decided during 
        the calendar quarter preceding the calendar quarter in which 
        such information is made available in which sexual assault is 
        alleged to have contributed, whether in whole or in part, to 
        the original characterization of the discharge or release of 
        the claimant.''.
    (b) Discharge Review Boards.--Section 1553(f) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(4) The number and disposition of claims decided during 
        the calendar quarter preceding the calendar quarter in which 
        such information is made available in which sexual assault is 
        alleged to have contributed, whether in whole or in part, to 
        the original characterization of the discharge or release of 
        the former member.''.

                  Subtitle D--Military Justice Matters

SEC. 521. REVISION TO MANUAL FOR COURTS-MARTIAL WITH RESPECT TO 
              DISSEMINATION OF VISUAL DEPICTIONS OF PRIVATE AREAS OR 
              SEXUALLY EXPLICIT CONDUCT WITHOUT THE CONSENT OF THE 
              PERSON DEPICTED.

    (a) Requirement To Enumerate Offense for Purposes of General 
Punitive Article.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, part IV of the Manual for Courts-Martial shall 
be amended to include as an enumerated offense under section 934 of 
title 10, United States Code (article 134 of the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice), the distribution of a visual depiction of the 
private area of a person or of sexually explicit conduct involving a 
person that was--
            (1) photographed, videotaped, filmed, or recorded by any 
        means with the consent of such person; and
            (2) distributed by another person who knew or should have 
        known that the depicted person did not consent to such 
        distribution.
    (b) Private Area Defined.--In this section, the term ``private 
area'' has the meaning given the term in section 920c(d) of title 10, 
United States Code (article 120c(d) of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice).

SEC. 522. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH REFORM 
              OF THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE.

    (a) Articles 1, 6b, and 137.--
            (1) Section 801 of title 10, United States Code (article 1 
        of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended in the 
        matter preceding paragraph (1) by striking ``chapter:'' and 
        inserting ``chapter (the Uniform Code of Military Justice):''.
            (2) Section 806b(b) of title 10, United States Code 
        (article 6b(b) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
        amended by striking ``(the Uniform Code of Military Justice)''.
            (3) Section 937 of title 10, United States Code (article 
        137 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as amended by 
        section 5503 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), is further amended by 
        striking ``(the Uniform Code of Military Justice)'' each place 
        it appears as follows:
                    (A) In subsection (a)(1), in the matter preceding 
                subparagraph (A).
                    (B) In subsection (b), in the matter preceding 
                subparagraph (A).
                    (C) In subsection (d), in the matter preceding 
                paragraph (1).
    (b) Article 6b.--Section 806b(e)(3) of title 10, United States Code 
(article 6b(e)(3) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting after ``President,'' the following: 
        ``subject to section 830a of this title (article 30a).'';
            (2) by striking ``and, to the extent practicable,'' and 
        inserting ``To the extent practicable, such a petition''; and
            (3) by striking ``before the court.'' and inserting 
        ``before the Court of Criminal Appeals.''.
    (c) Article 30a.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 830a of title 10, 
United States Code (article 30a of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), as added by section 5202 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting 
        ``, or otherwise act on,'' after ``to review''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(D) Pre-referral matters under subsections (c) and (e) of 
        section 806b of this title (article 6b).''.
    (d) Article 39.--Subsection (a)(4) of section 839 of title 10, 
United States Code (article 39 of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), as amended by section 5222(1) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is amended by striking ``in 
non-capital cases unless the accused requests sentencing by members 
under section 825 of this title (article 25)'' and inserting ``under 
section 853(b)(1) of this title (article 53(b)(1))''.
    (e) Article 43.--Subsection (i) of section 843 of title 10, United 
States Code (article 43 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as 
added by section 5225(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017, is amended by striking ``Dna Evidence.--'' and 
inserting ``DNA Evidence.--''.
    (f) Article 48.--Subsection (c)(1) of section 848 of title 10, 
United States Code (article 48 of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), as amended by section 5230 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is further amended by striking 
``section 866(g) of this title (article 66(g))'' and inserting 
``section 866(h) of this title (article 66(h))''.
    (g) Article 53.--Subsection (b)(1)(B) of section 853 of title 10, 
United States Code (article 53 of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), as amended by section 5236 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is further amended by striking 
``in a trial''.
    (h) Article 53a.--Subsection (d) of section 853a of title 10, 
United States Code (article 53a of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), as added by section 5237 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is amended by striking 
``military judge'' the second place it appears and inserting ``court-
martial''.
    (i) Article 56.--Subsection (d)(1) of section 856 of title 10, 
United States Code (article 56 of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), as amended by section 5301 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is further amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting 
        after ``concerned,'' the following: ``under standards and 
        procedures set forth in regulations prescribed by the 
        President,''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (B), by inserting after ``(B)'' the 
        following: ``as determined in accordance with standards and 
        procedures prescribed by the President,''.
    (j) Article 58a.--
            (1) Subsection (a) of section 858a of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 58a of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), as amended by section 5303(1) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is further amended in 
        the matter after paragraph (3) by inserting after ``reduces'' 
        the following: ``, if such a reduction is authorized by 
        regulation prescribed by the President,''.
            (2) The heading of such section (article) is amended to 
        read as follows:
``Sec. 858a. Art 58a. Sentences: reduction in enlisted grade''.
    (k) Article 58b.--Subsection (b) of section 858b of title 10, 
United States Code (article 58b of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), is amended in the first sentence by striking ``section 860 of 
this title (article 60)'' and inserting ``section 860a or 860b of this 
title (article 60a or 60b)''.
    (l) Article 62.--Subsection (b) of section 862 of title 10, United 
States Code (article 62 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
amended by striking ``, notwithstanding section 866(c) of this title 
(article 66(c))''.
    (m) Article 63.--Subsection (b) of section 863 of title 10, United 
States Code (article 63 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as 
added by section 5327 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017, is amended by striking the period at the end and 
inserting ``, subject to such limitations as the President may 
prescribe by regulation.''.
    (n) Article 64.--Subsection (a) of section 864 of title 10, United 
States Code (article 64 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as 
amended by section 5328(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017, is further amended by striking ``(a) (a) In 
General.--'' and inserting ``(a) In General.--''.
    (o) Article 65.--Subsection (b)(1) of section 865 of title 10, 
United States Code (article 65 of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), as amended by section 5329 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is further amended by striking 
``section 866(b)(2) of this title (article 66(b)(2))'' and inserting 
``section 866(b)(3) of this title (article 66(b)(3))''.
    (p) Article 66.--Subsection (e)(2)(C) of section 866 of title 10, 
United States Code (article 66 of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), as amended by section 5330 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is further amended by inserting 
after ``required'' the following: ``by regulation prescribed by the 
President or''.
    (q) Article 69.--Subsection (c)(1)(A) of section 869 of title 10, 
United States Code (article 69 of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), as amended by section 5233 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is further amended by inserting 
a comma after ``in part''.
    (r) Article 82.--Subsection (b) of section 882 of title 10, United 
States Code (article 82 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as 
amended by section 5403 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017, is further amended by striking ``section 99'' and 
inserting ``section 899''.
    (s) Article 103a.--Section 8312(b)(2)(A) of title 5, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``article 106a'' and inserting ``article 
103a''.
    (t) Article 119a.--Subsection (b) of section 919a of title 10, 
United States Code (article 119a of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), as amended by section 5401(13)(B) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is further amended--
            (1) by striking ``928a, 926, and 928'' and inserting ``926, 
        928, and 928a''; and
            (2) by striking ``128a 126, and 128'' and inserting ``126, 
        128, and 128a''.
    (u) Article 120.--Subsection (g)(2) of section 920 of title 10, 
United States Code (article 120 of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), as amended by section 5430(b) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is further amended in the first 
sentence by striking ``brest'' and inserting ``breast''.
    (v) Article 128.--Subsection (b)(2) of section 928 of title 10, 
United States Code (article 128 of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), as amended by section 5441 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is further amended by striking 
the comma after ``substantial bodily harm''.
    (w) Article 132.--Subsection (b)(2) of section 932 of title 10, 
United States Code (article 132 of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), as added by section 5450 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is amended by striking 
``section 1034(h)'' and inserting ``section 1034(j)''.
    (x) Article 146.--Subsection (f) of section 946 of title 10, United 
States Code (article 146 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as 
amended by section 5521 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017, is further amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking the sentence beginning 
        ``Not later than'' and inserting the following new sentence: 
        ``The analysis under this paragraph shall be included in the 
        assessment required by paragraph (1).''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following 
        new paragraph (5):
            ``(5) Reports.--With respect to each review and assessment 
        under this subsection, the Panel shall submit a report to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives. Each report--
                    ``(A) shall set forth the results of the review and 
                assessment concerned, including the findings and 
                recommendations of the Panel; and
                    ``(B) shall be submitted not later than December 31 
                of the calendar year in which the review and assessment 
                is concluded.''.
    (y) Tables of Sections.--
            (1) The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter II 
        of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code 
        of Military Justice), as amended by section 5541(1) of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is 
        further amended in the items relating to sections 810 and 812 
        (articles 10 and 12) by striking ``Art.''.
            (2) The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter V 
        of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code 
        of Military Justice), as amended by section 5541(2) of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is 
        further amended--
                    (A) by striking ``825.'' the second place it 
                appears and inserting ``825a.''; and
                    (B) in the items relating to sections 825a, 826a, 
                and 829 (articles 25a, 26a, and 29), by striking 
                ``Art.''.
            (3) The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter VI 
        of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code 
        of Military Justice), as amended by section 5541(3) of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is 
        further amended--
                    (A) by striking ``830.'' the second place it 
                appears and inserting ``830a.''; and
                    (B) in the items relating to sections 830a and 832 
                through 835 (articles 30a and 32 through 35), by 
                striking ``Art.''.
            (4) The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter 
        VII of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform 
        Code of Military Justice), as amended by section 5541(4) of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is 
        further amended in the items relating to sections 846 through 
        848, 850, 852, 853, and 853a (articles 46 through 48, 50, 52, 
        53, and 53a) by striking ``Art.''.
            (5) The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter 
        VIII of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform 
        Code of Military Justice), as amended by section 5541(5) of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is 
        further amended by striking the item relating to section 858a 
        (article 58a) and inserting the following new item:

``858a. 58a. Sentences: reduction in enlisted grade.''.
            (6) The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter IX 
        of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code 
        of Military Justice), as amended by section 5541(6) of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is 
        further amended in the items relating to sections 860 through 
        861, 864 through 866, and 869 (articles 60 through 61, 64 
        through 66, and 69) by striking ``Art.''.
            (7) The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter X 
        of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code 
        of Military Justice), as amended by section 5452 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is 
        further amended--
                    (A) in the items relating to sections 877 through 
                934 (articles 77 through 134), by striking ``Art.'';
                    (B) in the item relating to section 887a (article 
                87a), by striking ``Resistence'' and inserting 
                ``Resistance'';
                    (C) in the item relating to section 908 (article 
                108), by striking ``of the United States-Loss'' and 
                inserting ``of United States-Loss,''; and
                    (D) in the item relating to section 909 (article 
                109), by striking ``of the'' and inserting ``of''.
            (8) The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter XI 
        of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code 
        of Military Justice), as amended by section 5541(7) of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is 
        further amended in the items relating to sections 936 and 940a 
        (articles 136 and 140a) by striking ``Art.''.
            (9) The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter 
        XII of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform 
        Code of Military Justice), as amended by section 5541(8) of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is 
        further amended in the items relating to sections 946 and 946a 
        (articles 146 and 146a) by striking ``Art.''.
    (z) Other Provisions of Title 10 in Connection With UCMJ Reform.--
            (1) Section 673(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``section 920, 920a, or 920c of this title 
        (article 120, 120a, or 120c of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice)'' and inserting ``section 920, 920c, or 930 of this 
        title (article 120, 120c, or 130 of the Uniform Code of 
        Military Justice)''.
            (2) Section 674(a) of such title is amended by striking 
        ``section 920, 920a, 920b, 920c, or 925 of this title (article 
        120, 120a, 120b, 120c, or 125 of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice)'' and inserting ``section 920, 920b, 920c, or 930 of 
        this title (article 120, 120b, 120c, or 130 of the Uniform Code 
        of Military Justice)''.
            (3) Section 1034(c)(2)(A) of such title is amended by 
        striking ``sections 920 through 920c of this title (articles 
        120 through 120c of the Uniform Code of Military Justice)'' and 
        inserting ``section 920, 920b, 920c, or 930 of this title 
        (article 120, 120b, 120c, or 130 of the Uniform Code of 
        Military Justice)''.
            (4) Section 1044e(g)(1) of such title is amended by 
        striking ``section 920, 920a, 920b, 920c, or 925 of this title 
        (article 120, 120a, 120b, 120c, or 125 of the Uniform Code of 
        Military Justice)'' and inserting ``section 920, 920b, 920c, or 
        930 of this title (article 120, 120b, 120c, or 130 of the 
        Uniform Code of Military Justice)''.
            (5) Section 1059(e) of such title is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(A)(ii), by striking ``the 
                approval of'' and all that follows through ``as 
                approved,'' and inserting ``entry of judgment under 
                section 860c of this title (article 60c of the Uniform 
                Code of Military Justice) if the sentence''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3)(A), by striking ``by a court-
                martial'' the second place it appears and all that 
                follows through ``include any such punishment,'' and 
                inserting ``for a dependent-abuse offense and the 
                conviction is disapproved or is otherwise not part of 
                the judgment under section 860c of this title (article 
                60c of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) or the 
                punishment is disapproved or is otherwise not part of 
                the judgment under such section (article),''.
            (6) Section 1408(h)(10)(A) of such title is amended by 
        striking ``the approval'' and all that follows and inserting 
        ``entry of judgment under section 860c of this title (article 
        60c of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).''.
    (aa) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
take effect immediately after the coming into effect of the amendments 
made by division E of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017, as provided for in section 5542 of that Act.

SEC. 523. PRIORITY OF REVIEW BY COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE ARMED FORCES 
              OF DECISIONS OF COURTS OF CRIMINAL APPEALS ON PETITIONS 
              FOR ENFORCEMENT OF VICTIMS' RIGHTS.

    (a) Priority.--Section 806b(e)(3) of title 10, United States Code 
(article 6b(e)(3) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as amended 
by section 522(b) of this Act, is further amended by adding at the end 
the following new sentence: ``Review of any decision on such a petition 
by the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces shall have priority in the 
Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces, as determined under the rules of 
the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect immediately after the coming into effect of the following 
(in the order specified):
            (1) The amendments made by division E of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-
        328), as provided for in section 5542 of that Act.
            (2) The amendments made by section 522(b) of this Act, as 
        provided in section 522(aa) of this Act.

SEC. 524. ASSISTANCE OF DEFENSE COUNSEL IN ADDITIONAL POST-TRIAL 
              MATTERS FOR ACCUSED CONVICTED BY COURT-MARTIAL.

    (a) Assistance.--Subsection (c)(2) of section 838 of title 10, 
United States Code (article 38 of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), is amended by striking ``section 860 of this title (article 
60)'' and inserting ``section 860, 860a, or 860b of this title (article 
60, 60a, or 60b)''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect immediately after the coming into effect of the amendments 
made by division E of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), as provided for in section 5542 of that 
Act.

SEC. 525. ENUMERATION OF ADDITIONAL LIMITATIONS ON ACCEPTANCE OF PLEA 
              AGREEMENTS BY MILITARY JUDGES OF GENERAL OR SPECIAL 
              COURTS-MARTIAL.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (b) of section 853a of title 10, United 
States Code (article 53a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as 
added by section 5237 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``or'' after the 
        semicolon;
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking the period and inserting 
        a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(4) is prohibited by law; or
            ``(5) is contrary to, or is inconsistent with, a regulation 
        prescribed by the President with respect to terms, conditions, 
        or other aspects of plea agreements.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect immediately after the coming into effect of the amendments 
made by division E of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017, as provided for in section 5542 of that Act.

SEC. 526. ADDITIONAL PROCEEDINGS BY COURTS OF CRIMINAL APPEALS BY ORDER 
              OF UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (f)(3) of section 866 of title 10, 
United States Code (article 66 of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), as amended by section 5330 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), is further 
amended--
            (1) by inserting after ``Court'' the first place it appears 
        the following: ``of Criminal Appeals''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``If 
        the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces determines that 
        additional proceedings are warranted, the Court of Criminal 
        Appeals shall order a hearing or other proceeding in accordance 
        with the direction of the Court of Appeals for the Armed 
        Forces.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect immediately after the coming into effect of the amendments 
made by division E of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017, as provided for in section 5542 of that Act.

SEC. 527. CLARIFICATION OF APPLICABILITY AND EFFECTIVE DATES FOR 
              STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS AMENDMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH 
              UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE REFORM.

    (a) Applicability of Certain Amendments.--Effective as of December 
23, 2016, and immediately after the enactment of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), to which 
such amendment relates, section 5225(f) of that Act is amended by 
striking ``this subsection'' and inserting ``this section''.
    (b) Child Abuse Offenses.--With respect to offenses committed 
before the date designated by the President under section 5542(a) of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, subsection 
(b)(2)(B) of section 843 of title 10, United States Code (article 43 of 
the Uniform Code of Military Justice), shall be applied as in effect on 
December 22, 2016.
    (c) Fraudulent Enlistment or Appointment Offenses.--With respect to 
the period beginning on the date of the enactment of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 and ending on the day 
before the date designated by the President under section 5542(a) of 
that Act, in the application of subsection (h) of section 843 of title 
10, United States Code (article 43 of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), as added by section 5225(b) of that Act, the reference in 
such subsection (h) to section 904a(1) of title 10, United States Code 
(article 104a(1) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), shall be 
deemed to be a reference to section 883(1) of title 10, United States 
Code (article 83(1) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).

SEC. 528. MODIFICATION OF YEAR OF INITIAL REVIEW BY MILITARY JUSTICE 
              REVIEW PANEL OF UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE REFORM 
              AMENDMENTS.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (f)(1) of section 946 of title 10, 
United States Code (article 146 of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), as amended by section 5521 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), is further 
amended by striking ``fiscal year 2020'' and inserting ``fiscal year 
2021''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect immediately after the coming into effect of the amendments 
made by division E of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017, as provided for in section 5542 of that Act.

SEC. 529. CLARIFICATION OF APPLICABILITY OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS OF LAW 
              TO CIVILIAN JUDGES OF THE UNITED STATES COURT OF MILITARY 
              COMMISSION REVIEW.

    Section 950f(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(5)(A) For purposes of sections 203, 205, 207, 208, and 209 of 
title 18, the term `special Government employee' shall include a judge 
of the Court appointed under paragraph (3).
    ``(B) A person appointed as a judge of the Court under paragraph 
(3) shall be considered to be an officer or employee of the United 
States with respect to such person's status as a judge, but only during 
periods in which such person is performing the duties of such a judge. 
Any provision of law that prohibits or limits the political or business 
activities of an employee of the United States shall only apply to such 
a judge during such periods.''.

SEC. 530. ENHANCEMENT OF EFFECTIVE PROSECUTION AND DEFENSE IN COURTS-
              MARTIAL AND RELATED MATTERS.

    (a) Additional Element in Program for Effective Prosecution and 
Defense.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 542 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2126; 10 U.S.C. 827 note) is amended by inserting before the semicolon 
the following: ``or there is adequate supervision and oversight of 
trial counsel and defense counsel so detailed to ensure effective 
prosecution and defense in the court-martial''.
    (b) Assignment of Civilian Employees to Supervise Less Experienced 
Judge Advocates in Prosecution and Defense.--Such section is further 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
        (d) and (e), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection (c):
    ``(c) Assignment of Civilian Employees to Supervise Less 
Experienced Judge Advocates in Prosecution and Defense.--
            ``(1) Assignment authorized.--The Secretary concerned may 
        assign the function of supervising and overseeing prosecution 
        or defense in courts-martial by less experienced judge 
        advocates to civilian employees of the military department 
        concerned or the Department of Homeland Security, as 
        applicable, who have extensive litigation expertise.
            ``(2) Status as supervisor.--A civilian employee assigned 
        to supervise and oversee the prosecution or defense in a court-
        martial pursuant to this subsection is not required to be 
        detailed to the case, but must be reasonably available for 
        consultation during court-martial proceedings.''.
    (c) Pilot Programs on Professional Developmental Process for Judge 
Advocates.--Subsection (d) of such section, as redesignated by 
subsection (b)(1) of this section, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), striking ``establishing'' and all 
        that follows and inserting ``a military justice career track 
        for judge advocates under the jurisdiction of the Secretary.'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph (4):
            ``(4) Elements.--Each pilot program shall include the 
        following:
                    ``(A) A military justice career track for judge 
                advocates that leads to judge advocates with military 
                justice expertise in the grade of colonel, or in the 
                grade of captain in the case of judge advocates of the 
                Navy.
                    ``(B) The use of skill identifiers to identify 
                judge advocates for participation in the pilot program 
                from among judge advocates having appropriate skill and 
                experience in military justice matters.
                    ``(C) Guidance for promotion boards considering the 
                selection for promotion of officers participating in 
                the pilot program in order to ensure that judge 
                advocates who are participating in the pilot program 
                have the same opportunity for promotion as all other 
                judge advocate officers being considered for promotion 
                by such boards.
                    ``(D) Such other matters as the Secretary concerned 
                considers appropriate.''.

SEC. 531. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE ARMED FORCES JURISDICTION TO REVIEW 
              INTERLOCUTORY APPEALS OF DECISIONS ON CERTAIN PETITIONS 
              FOR WRITS OF MANDAMUS.

    Section 806b(e) of title 10, United States Code (article 6b(e) of 
the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``paragraph (4)''and 
        inserting ``paragraph (5)'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph (4):
    ``(4) The Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces may review for 
legal error a grant or denial of a petition for a writ of mandamus 
under this subsection by the Court of Criminal Appeals, upon petition 
of a victim of an offense under this chapter or of the accused, and on 
good cause shown. Any such review shall, to the extent practicable, 
have priority over all other proceedings of the Court of Appeals.''.

SEC. 532. PUNITIVE ARTICLE ON WRONGFUL BROADCAST OR DISTRIBUTION OF 
              INTIMATE VISUAL IMAGES OR VISUAL IMAGES OF SEXUALLY 
              EXPLICIT CONDUCT UNDER THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY 
              JUSTICE.

    (a) Prohibition.--Subchapter X of chapter 47 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after section 917 (article 117 of 
the Uniform Code of Military Justice) the following new section 
(article):
``Sec. 917a. Art. 117a. Wrongful broadcast or distribution of intimate 
              visual images
    ``(a) Prohibition.--Any person subject to this chapter who--
            ``(1) knowingly and wrongfully broadcasts or distributes an 
        intimate visual image of another person or a visual image of 
        sexually explicit conduct involving a person who--
                    ``(A) is at least 18 years of age at the time the 
                intimate visual image or visual image of sexually 
                explicit conduct was created;
                    ``(B) is identifiable from the intimate visual 
                image or visual image of sexually explicit conduct 
                itself, or from information displayed in connection 
                with the intimate visual image or visual image of 
                sexually explicit conduct; and
                    ``(C) does not explicitly consent to the broadcast 
                or distribution of the intimate visual image or visual 
                image of sexually explicit conduct;
            ``(2) knows or reasonably should have known that the 
        intimate visual image or visual image of sexually explicit 
        conduct was made under circumstances in which the person 
        depicted in the intimate visual image or visual image of 
        sexually explicit conduct retained a reasonable expectation of 
        privacy regarding any broadcast or distribution of the intimate 
        visual image or visual image of sexually explicit conduct; and
            ``(3) knows or reasonably should have known that the 
        broadcast or distribution of the intimate visual image or 
        visual image of sexually explicit conduct is likely--
                    ``(A) to cause harm, harassment, intimidation, 
                emotional distress, or financial loss for the person 
                depicted in the intimate visual image or visual image 
                of sexually explicit conduct; or
                    ``(B) to harm substantially the depicted person 
                with respect to that person's health, safety, business, 
                calling, career, financial condition, reputation, or 
                personal relationships,
is guilty of wrongful distribution of intimate visual images or visual 
images of sexually explicit conduct and shall be punished as a court-
martial may direct.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section (article):
            ``(1) Broadcast.--The term `broadcast' means to 
        electronically transmit a visual image with the intent that it 
        be viewed by a person or persons.
            ``(2) Distribute.--The term `distribute' means to deliver 
        to the actual or constructive possession of another person, 
        including transmission by mail or electronic means.
            ``(3) Intimate visual image.--The term `intimate visual 
        image' means a visual image that depicts a private area of a 
        person.
            ``(4) Private area.--The term `private area' means the 
        naked or underwear-clad genitalia, anus, buttocks, or female 
        areola or nipple.
            ``(5) Reasonable expectation of privacy.--The term 
        `reasonable expectation of privacy' refers to circumstances in 
        which a reasonable person would believe that an intimate visual 
        image of the person, or a visual image of sexually explicit 
        conduct involving the person, would not be broadcast or 
        distributed to another person.
            ``(6) Sexually explicit conduct.--The term `sexually 
        explicit conduct' means actual or simulated genital-genital 
        contact, oral-genital contact, anal-genital contact, or oral-
        anal contact, whether between persons of the same or opposite 
        sex, bestiality, masturbation, or sadistic or masochistic 
        abuse.
            ``(7) Visual image.--The term `visual image' means the 
        following:
                    ``(A) Any developed or undeveloped photograph, 
                picture, film or video.
                    ``(B) Any digital or computer image, picture, film, 
                or video made by any means, including those transmitted 
                by any means, including streaming media, even if not 
                stored in a permanent format.
                    ``(C) Any digital or electronic data capable of 
                conversion into a visual image.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
subchapter X of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform 
Code of Military Justice), is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 917 (article 117) the following new item:

``917a. 117a. Wrongful broadcast or distribution of intimate visual 
                            images.''.

   Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, Transition, and Resilience

SEC. 541. READY, RELEVANT LEARNING INITIATIVE OF THE NAVY.

    (a) Certifications Required.--Not later than October 1, 2017, and 
each year thereafter, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
a certification on the status of implementation of the Ready, Relevant 
Learning initiative of the Navy for each applicable enlisted rating.
    (b) Elements.--Each certification under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) A certification by the Commander of the United States 
        Fleet Forces Command that the block learning and modernized 
        delivery methods of the Ready, Relevant Learning initiative to 
        be implemented during the fiscal year beginning in which such 
        certification is submitted will meet or exceed the existing 
        training delivery approach for all associated training 
        requirements.
            (2) A certification by the Secretary that the content re-
        engineering necessary to meet all training objectives and 
        transition from the traditional training curriculum to the 
        modernized delivery format to be implemented during such fiscal 
        year will be complete prior to such transition, including full 
        functionality of all required course software and hardware.
            (3) A detailed cost estimate of transitioning to the block 
        learning and modernized delivery approaches to be implemented 
        during such fiscal year with funding listed by purpose, amount, 
        appropriations account, budget program element or line item, 
        and end strength adjustments.
            (4) A detailed phasing plan associated with transitioning 
        to the block learning and modernized delivery approaches to be 
        implemented during such fiscal year, including the current 
        status, timing, and identification of reductions in ``A'' 
        school and ``C'' school courses, curricula, funding, and 
        personnel.
            (5) A certification by the Secretary that--
                    (A) the contracting strategy associated with 
                transitioning to the modernized delivery approach to be 
                implemented during such fiscal year has been completed; 
                and
                    (B) contracting actions contain sufficient 
                specification detail to enable a low risk approach to 
                receiving the deliverable end item or items on-budget, 
                on-schedule, and with satisfactory performance.

SEC. 542. ELEMENT IN PRESEPARATION COUNSELING FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES ON ASSISTANCE AND SUPPORT SERVICES FOR CAREGIVERS 
              OF CERTAIN VETERANS THROUGH THE DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS 
              AFFAIRS.

    (a) In General.--Section 1142(b) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(18) A description, developed in consultation with the 
        Secretary of Veterans Affairs, of the assistance and support 
        services for family caregivers of eligible veterans under the 
        program conducted by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs pursuant 
        to section 1720G of title 38, including the veterans covered by 
        the program, the caregivers eligible for assistance and support 
        through the program, and the assistance and support available 
        through the program.''.
    (b) Participation of Potential Caregivers in Appropriate 
Preseparation Counseling.--
            (1) In general.--In accordance with procedures established 
        by the Secretary of Defense, each Secretary of a military 
        department shall take appropriate actions to achieve the 
        following:
                    (A) To determine whether each member of the Armed 
                Forces under the jurisdiction of such Secretary who is 
                undergoing preseparation counseling pursuant to section 
                1142 of title 10, United States Code (as amended by 
                subsection (a)), and who may require caregiver services 
                after separation from the Armed Forces has identified 
                an individual to provide such services after the 
                member's separation.
                    (B) In the case of a member described in 
                subparagraph (A) who has identified an individual to 
                provide caregiver services after the member's 
                separation, at the election of the member, to permit 
                such individual to participate in appropriate sessions 
                of the member's preseparation counseling in order to 
                inform such individual of--
                            (i) the assistance and support services 
                        available to caregivers of members after 
                        separation from the Armed Forces; and
                            (ii) the manner in which the member's 
                        transition to civilian life after separation 
                        may likely affect such individual as a 
                        caregiver.
            (2) Caregivers.--For purposes of this subsection, 
        individuals who provide caregiver services refers to 
        individuals (including a spouse, partner, parent, sibling, 
        adult child, other relative, or friend) who provide physical or 
        emotional assistance to former members of the Armed Forces 
        during and after their transition from military life to 
        civilian life following separation from the Armed Forces.
            (3) Deadline for commencement.--Each Secretary of a miliary 
        department shall commence the actions required pursuant to this 
        subsection by not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act.

SEC. 543. DISCHARGE IN THE SELECTED RESERVE OF THE COMMISSIONED SERVICE 
              OBLIGATION OF MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMY GRADUATES WHO 
              PARTICIPATE IN PROFESSIONAL ATHLETICS.

    (a) United States Military Academy.--Section 4348(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(5) That, if upon graduation the cadet obtains employment 
        as a professional athlete in lieu of the acceptance of an 
        appointment tendered under paragraph (2), the cadet--
                    ``(A) will accept an appointment as a commissioned 
                officer as a Reserve in the Army for service in the 
                Army Reserve; and
                    ``(B) will remain in that reserve component as a 
                member of the Selected Reserve until completion of the 
                commissioned service obligation of the cadet.''.
    (b) United States Naval Academy.--Section 6959(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(5) That, if upon graduation the midshipman obtains 
        employment as a professional athlete in lieu of the acceptance 
        of an appointment tendered under paragraph (2), the 
        midshipman--
                    ``(A) will accept an appointment as a commissioned 
                officer as a Reserve in the Navy for service in the 
                Navy Reserve or the Marine Corps Reserve; and
                    ``(B) will remain in that reserve component as a 
                member of the Selected Reserve until completion of the 
                commissioned service obligation of the midshipman.''.
    (c) United States Air Force Academy.--Section 9348(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(5) That, if upon graduation the cadet obtains employment 
        as a professional athlete in lieu of the acceptance of an 
        appointment tendered under paragraph (2), the cadet--
                    ``(A) will accept an appointment as a commissioned 
                officer as a Reserve in the Air Force for service in 
                the Air Force Reserve; and
                    ``(B) will remain in that reserve component as a 
                member of the Selected Reserve until completion of the 
                commissioned service obligation of the cadet.''.
    (d) Application of Amendments.--The Secretaries of the military 
departments shall promptly revise the cadet and midshipman service 
agreements under sections 4348, 6959, and 9348 of title 10, United 
States Code, to reflect the amendments made by this section. The 
revised agreement shall apply to cadets and midshipmen who are 
attending the United States Military Academy, the United States Naval 
Academy, or the United States Air Force Academy on the date of the 
enactment of this Act and to persons who begin attendance at such 
military service academies on or after that date.

SEC. 544. PILOT PROGRAMS ON APPOINTMENT IN THE EXCEPTED SERVICE IN THE 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OF PHYSICALLY DISQUALIFIED FORMER 
              CADETS AND MIDSHIPMEN.

    (a) Pilot Programs Authorized.--
            (1) In general.--Each Secretary of a military department 
        may carry out a pilot program under which former cadets or 
        midshipmen described in paragraph (2) (in this section referred 
        to as ``eligible individuals'') under the jurisdiction of such 
        Secretary may be appointed by the Secretary of Defense in the 
        excepted service under section 3320 of title 5, United States 
        Code, in the Department of Defense.
            (2) Cadets and midshipmen.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (3), a former cadet or midshipman described in this paragraph 
        is any former cadet at the United States Military Academy or 
        the United States Air Force Academy, and any former midshipman 
        at the United States Naval Academy, who--
                    (A) completed the prescribed course of instruction 
                and graduated from the applicable service academy; and
                    (B) is determined to be medically disqualified to 
                complete a period of active duty in the Armed Forces 
                prescribed in an agreement signed by such cadet or 
                midshipman in accordance with section 4348, 6959, or 
                9348 of title 10, United States Code.
            (3) Exception.--A former cadet or midshipman whose medical 
        disqualification as described in paragraph (2)(B) is the result 
        of the gross negligence or misconduct of the former cadet or 
        midshipman is not an eligible individual for purposes of 
        appointment under a pilot program.
    (b) Purpose.--The purpose of the pilot programs is to evaluate the 
feasibility and advisability of permitting eligible individuals who 
cannot accept a commission or complete a period of active duty in the 
Armed Forces prescribed by the Secretary of the military department 
concerned to fulfill an obligation for active duty service in the Armed 
Forces through service as a civilian employee of the Department of 
Defense
    (c) Positions.--
            (1) In general.--The positions to which an eligible 
        individual may be appointed under a pilot program are existing 
        positions within the Department of Defense in grades up to GS-9 
        under the General Schedule under section 5332 of title 5, 
        United States Code (or equivalent). The authority in subsection 
        (a) does not authorize the creation of additional positions, or 
        create any vacancies to which eligible individuals may be 
        appointed under a pilot program.
            (2) Term positions.--Any appointment under a pilot program 
        shall be to a position having a term of five years or less.
    (d) Scope of Authority.--
            (1) Recruitment and retention of eligible individuals.--The 
        authority in subsection (a) may be used only to the extent 
        necessary to recruit and retain on a non-competitive basis 
        cadets and midshipmen who are relieved of an obligation for 
        active duty in the Armed Forces due to becoming medically 
        disqualified from serving on active duty in the Armed Forces, 
        and may not be used to appoint any other individuals in the 
        excepted service.
            (2) Voluntary acceptance of appointments.--A pilot program 
        may not be used as an implicit or explicit basis for compelling 
        an eligible individual to accept an appointment in the excepted 
        service in accordance with this section.
    (e) Relationship to Repayment Provisions.--Completion of a term 
appointment pursuant to a pilot program shall relieve the eligible 
individual concerned of any repayment obligation under section 303a(e) 
or 373 of title 37, United States Code, with respect to the agreement 
of the individual described in subsection (b)(2)(B).
    (f) Termination.--
            (1) In general.--The authority to appoint eligible 
        individuals in the excepted service under a pilot program shall 
        expire on the date that is four years after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act.
            (2) Effect on existing appointments.--The termination by 
        paragraph (1) of the authority in subsection (a) shall not 
        affect any appointment made under that authority before the 
        termination date specified in paragraph (1) in accordance with 
        the terms of such appointment.

SEC. 545. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR ATTENDANCE OF AIR 
              FORCE ENLISTED PERSONNEL AT AIR FORCE OFFICER 
              PROFESSIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION IN-RESIDENCE COURSES.

    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated or 
otherwise available for the Department of the Air Force may be 
obligated or expended for the purpose of the attendance of Air Force 
enlisted personnel at Air Force officer professional military education 
(PME) in-residence courses until the later of--
            (1) the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force 
        submits to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
        the House of Representatives, and to the Comptroller General of 
        the United States, a report on the attendance of such personnel 
        at such courses as described in subsection (b);
            (2) the date on which the Comptroller General submits to 
        such committees the report setting forth an assessment of the 
        report under paragraph (1) as described in subsection (c); or
            (3) 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Secretary of the Air Force Report.--The report of the Secretary 
described in subsection (a)(1) shall include the following:
            (1) The purpose of the attendance of Air Force enlisted 
        personnel at Air Force officer professional military education 
        in-residence courses.
            (2) The objectives for the attendance of such enlisted 
        personnel at such officer professional military education 
        courses.
            (3) The required prerequisites for such enlisted personnel 
        to attend such officer professional military education courses.
            (4) The process for selecting such enlisted personnel to 
        attend such officer professional military education courses.
            (5) The impact of the attendance of such enlisted personnel 
        at such officer professional military education courses on the 
        availability of officer allocations for the attendance of 
        officers at such courses.
            (6) The impact of the attendance of such enlisted personnel 
        at such officer professional military education courses on the 
        morale and retention of officers attending such courses.
            (7) The resources required for such enlisted personnel to 
        attend such officer professional military education courses.
            (8) The impact on unit and overall Air Force manning levels 
        of the attendance of such enlisted personnel at such officer 
        professional military education courses, especially at the 
        statutorily-limited end strengths of grades E-8 and E-9.
            (9) The extent to which graduation by such enlisted 
        personnel from such officer professional military education 
        courses is a requirement for Air Force or joint assignments.
            (10) The planned assignment utilization for Air Force 
        enlisted graduates of such officer professional military 
        education courses.
            (11) Any other matters in connection with the attendance of 
        such enlisted personnel at such officer professional military 
        education courses that the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (c) Comptroller General of the United States Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date the 
        Secretary submits the report described in subsection (a)(1), 
        the Comptroller General shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
        briefing on an assessment of the report by the Comptroller 
        General. As soon as practicable after the briefing, the 
        Comptroller General shall submit to such committees a report on 
        such assessment for purposes of subsection (a)(2).
            (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include 
        the following:
                    (A) An assessment of whether the conclusions and 
                assertions included in the report of the Secretary 
                under subsection (a) are comprehensive, fully 
                supported, and sufficiently detailed.
                    (B) An identification of any shortcomings, 
                limitations, or other reportable matters that affect 
                the quality of the findings or conclusions of the 
                report of the Secretary.

SEC. 546. PILOT PROGRAM ON INTEGRATION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND 
              NON-FEDERAL EFFORTS FOR CIVILIAN EMPLOYMENT OF MEMBERS OF 
              THE ARMED FORCES FOLLOWING TRANSITION FROM ACTIVE DUTY TO 
              CIVILIAN LIFE.

    (a) Pilot Program Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
        pilot program to assess the feasability and advisability of 
        assisting members of the Armed Forces described in subsection 
        (c) who are undergoing the transition from active duty in the 
        Armed Forces to civilian life by accelerating and improving 
        their access to employment following their transition to 
        civilian life through the coordination, integration, and 
        leveraging of existing programs and authorities of the 
        Department of Defense for such purposes with programs and 
        resources of State and local agencies, institutions of higher 
        education, employers, and other public, private, and nonprofit 
        entities applicable to the pilot program.
            (2) Existing community programs and resources.--For 
        purposes of this section, existing programs and resources of 
        State and local agencies, institutions of higher education, 
        employers, and other public, private, and nonprofit entities 
        described in paragraph (1) in the vicinity of a location of the 
        pilot program are referred to as the ``existing community 
        programs and resources'' in that vicinity.
    (b) Goals.--The goals of the pilot program shall be as follows:
            (1) To facilitate the coordination of existing community 
        programs and resources in the locations of the pilot program in 
        order to identify a model for the coordination of such programs 
        and authorities that can be replicated nationwide in 
        communities in which members of the Armed Forces described in 
        subsection (c) are undergoing the transition from active duty 
        to civilian life.
            (2) To identify mechanisms by which the Department of 
        Defense and existing community programs and resources may work 
        with employers and members of the Armed Forces described in 
        subsection (c) in order to--
                    (A) identify workforce needs that may be 
                satisfiable by such members following their transition 
                to civilian life;
                    (B) identify military occupational skills that may 
                satisfy the workforce needs identified pursuant to 
                subparagraph (A); and
                    (C) identify gaps in the training of members of the 
                Armed Forces that may require remediation in order to 
                satisfy workforce needs identified pursuant to 
                subparagraph (A), and identify mechanisms by which 
                members of the Armed Forces described in subsection (c) 
                may receive training to remediate such gaps.
            (3) To identify mechanisms to assist members of the Armed 
        Forces described in subsection (c) in bridging geographical 
        gaps between their final military installations and nearby 
        metropolitan areas in which employment and necessary training 
        are likely to be available to such members during or following 
        their transition to civilian life.
    (c) Covered Members.--The members of the Armed Forces described in 
this subsection are the following:
            (1) Regular members of the Armed Forces who are within 180 
        days of discharge or release from the Armed Forces.
            (2) Members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces 
        (whether National Guard or Reserve) who are on active duty for 
        a period of more than 365 days and are within 180 days of 
        release from such active duty.
    (d) Locations.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot 
        program at not less than five locations selected by the 
        Secretary for purposes of the pilot program.
            (2) Selection requirements.--Each location selected 
        pursuant to paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) include a military installation--
                            (i) that has a well-established military-
                        civilian community relationship with the 
                        civilian communities nearby; and
                            (ii) at which serves an appropriate 
                        population of members of the Armed Forces 
                        described in subsection (c);
                    (B) have a large employment or industry base that 
                supports a variety of occupational opportunities;
                    (C) have appropriate institutional infrastructure 
                for the provision of worker training; and
                    (D) take place in a different geographic region of 
                the United States.
    (e) Elements.--At each location selected for the pilot program 
there shall be the following:
            (1) A mechanism to identify existing community programs and 
        resources for participation in the pilot program, including 
        programs and resources that are currently working with programs 
        and authorities of the Department of Defense to assist members 
        of the Armed Forces described in subsection (c), and, 
        especially, programs and resources that are recognized as 
        engaging in best practices in working with such programs and 
        authorities of the Department.
            (2) A mechanism to assess the willingness of employers in 
        the vicinity of such location to participate in the pilot 
        program and employ members of the Armed Forces participating in 
        the pilot program following their transition to civilian life.
            (3) A mechanism to assess the willingness of the State in 
        which such location is located to recognize military training 
        for credit for professional and occupational licenses.
            (4) A civilian community coordinator for the pilot program, 
        who shall be responsible for implementation and execution of 
        the pilot program for the Department, and for coordinating 
        existing community programs and resources, at such location 
        by--
                    (A) pursuing a multi-faceted outreach and 
                engagement strategy that leverages relationships with 
                appropriate public, private, and nonprofit entities in 
                the vicinity of such location for purposes of the pilot 
                program;
                    (B) developing and implementing a program using 
                existing resources, infrastructure, and experience to 
                maximize the benefits of the pilot program for members 
                of the Armed Forces participating in the pilot program 
                by minimizing the time required for completion of 
                training provided to such members under the pilot 
                program, which program shall--
                            (i) compliment continuing Department 
                        efforts to assist members of the Armed Forces 
                        in their transition from active duty in the 
                        Armed Forces to civilian life and to coordinate 
                        with existing veteran employment programs for 
                        purposes of such efforts;
                            (ii) provide for the cultivation of a 
                        network of partners among the entities 
                        described in subparagraph (A) in order to 
                        maximize the number of opportunities for 
                        civilian employment for members of the Armed 
                        Forces participating in the pilot program 
                        following their transition to civilian life;
                            (iii) provide for the use of comprehensive 
                        assessments of the military experience gained 
                        by members of the Armed Forces participating in 
                        the pilot program in order to assist them in 
                        obtaining civilian employment relating to their 
                        military occupations following their transition 
                        to civilian life;
                            (iv) seek to secure for members of the 
                        Armed Forces participating in the pilot program 
                        maximum credit for prior military service in 
                        their pursuit of civilian employment following 
                        their transition to civilian life;
                            (v) seek to eliminate unnecessary and 
                        redundant elements of the training provided for 
                        purposes of the pilot program to members of the 
                        Armed Forces participating in the pilot 
                        program;
                            (vi) seek to minimize the time required for 
                        members of the Armed Forces participating in 
                        the pilot program in obtaining skills, 
                        credentials, or certifications required for 
                        civilian employment following their transition 
                        to civilian life; and
                            (vii) provide for the continuous collection 
                        of data and feedback from employers in the 
                        vicinity of such location in order to tailor 
                        training provided to members of the Armed 
                        Forces for purposes of the pilot program to 
                        meet the needs of such employers.
            (5) A plan of action for delivering additional training and 
        credentialing modules for members of the Armed Forces described 
        in subsection (c) in order to seek to provide such members with 
        skills that are in high demand in the vicinity and region of 
        such location.
    (f) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--Not later than one year after the date 
        of the commencement of the pilot program, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
        the House of Representatives a report on the pilot program. The 
        report shall include, for each location selected for the pilot 
        program pursuant to subsection (d), the following:
                    (A) A full description of the pilot program, 
                including--
                            (i) the number of members of the Armed 
                        Forces participating in the pilot program;
                            (ii) the outreach to public, private, and 
                        nonprofit entities conducted for purposes of 
                        the pilot program to encourage such entities to 
                        participate in the pilot program;
                            (iii) the entities participating in the 
                        pilot program, set forth by employment sector;
                            (iv) the number of members participating in 
                        the pilot program who obtained employment with 
                        an entity participating in the pilot program, 
                        set forth by employment sector;
                            (v) a description of any additional 
                        training provided to members participating in 
                        the pilot program for purposes of the pilot 
                        program, including the amount of time required 
                        for such additional training; and
                            (vi) a description of the cost of the pilot 
                        program.
                    (B) A current assessment of the effect of the pilot 
                program on Department of Defense and community efforts 
                to assist members of the Armed Forces described in 
                subsection (c) in obtaining civilian employment 
                following their transition to civilian life.
            (2) Final report.--Not later than 90 days before the date 
        on which the pilot program terminates, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
        the House of Representatives an update of the report submitted 
        under paragraph (1).
    (g) Construction.--Nothing in this section may be construed to 
authorize the Secretary to hire additional employees for the Department 
of Defense to carry out the pilot program.
    (h) Termination.--The authority of the Secretary to carry out the 
pilot program shall terminate on the date that is two years after the 
date on which the pilot program commences.

SEC. 547. TWO-YEAR EXTENSION OF SUICIDE PREVENTION AND RESILIENCE 
              PROGRAM FOR THE NATIONAL GUARD AND RESERVES.

    Section 10219(g) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``October 1, 2018'' and inserting ``October 1, 2020''.

SEC. 548. SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION AND RESPONSE TRAINING FOR ALL 
              INDIVIDUALS ENLISTED IN THE ARMED FORCES UNDER A DELAYED 
              ENTRY PROGRAM.

    (a) Training Required.--Commencing not later than January 1, 2018, 
each Secretary concerned shall, insofar as practicable, provide 
training on sexual assault prevention and response to each individual 
under the jurisdiction of such Secretary who is enlisted in the Armed 
Forces under a delayed entry program such that each such individual 
completes such training before the date of commencement of basic 
training or initial active duty for training in the Armed Forces.
    (b) Elements.--
            (1) In general.--The training provided pursuant to 
        subsection (a) shall meet such requirements as the Secretary of 
        Defense shall establish for purposes of this section. Such 
        training shall, to the extent practicable, be uniform across 
        the Armed Forces.
            (2) Sense of congress on provision and nature of 
        training.--It is the sense of Congress that the training 
        should--
                    (A) be provided through in-person instruction, 
                whenever possible; and
                    (B) include instruction on the proper use of social 
                media.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``delayed entry program'' means the following:
                    (A) The Future Soldiers Program of the Army.
                    (B) The Delayed Entry Program of the Navy and the 
                Marine Corps.
                    (C) The program of the Air Force for the delayed 
                entry of enlistees into the Air Force.
                    (D) The program of the Coast Guard for the delayed 
                entry of enlistees into the Coast Guard.
                    (E) Any successor program to a program referred to 
                in subparagraphs (A) through (D).
            (2) The term ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 549. USE OF ASSISTANCE UNDER DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TUITION 
              ASSISTANCE PROGRAM FOR NON-TRADITIONAL EDUCATION TO 
              DEVELOP CYBERSECURITY AND COMPUTER CODING SKILLS.

    (a) Briefing on Use Required.--Not later than 60 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
provide the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a briefing on the feasability and advisability of the 
enactment into law of the authority described in subsection (b).
    (b) Authority.--The authority described in this subsection is 
authority for a member of the Armed Forces who is eligible for tuition 
assistance under the Department of Defense Tuition Assistance (TA) 
Program to use such assistance at or with an educational institution 
described in subsection (c) for courses or programs of education of 
such educational institution in connection with the following:
            (1) Cybersecurity skills or related skills.
            (2) Computer coding skills or related skills.
    (c) Educational Institutions.--
            (1) In general.--An educational institution described in 
        this subsection is an educational institution not otherwise 
        approved for participation in the Department of Defense Tuition 
        Assistance Program that receives approval from the Department 
        of Defense for participation in the program for courses or 
        programs of education described in subsection (b).
            (2) Approval.--Any approval of the participation of an 
        educational institution in the Program under this subsection 
        would be granted by the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Personnel and Readiness in accordance with such guidance as the 
        Under Secretary would issue for purposes of this section.
            (3) Memoranda of understanding.--The Under Secretary would 
        enter into a memorandum of understanding with each educational 
        institution approved for participation in the Program pursuant 
        to this subsection regarding the participation of such 
        educational institution in the Program. Each memorandum of 
        understanding would set forth such terms and conditions 
        regarding the participation of the educational institution 
        concerned in the Program, including terms and conditions 
        applicable to the courses or programs for which tuition 
        assistance under the Program could be used, as the Under 
        Secretary would consider appropriate for purposes of this 
        section.
    (d) Courses and Programs.--The courses and programs of education 
for which tuition assistance could be used pursuant to the authority in 
subsection (b) would include the following:
            (1) Massive online open courses (MOOCs).
            (2) Short-term certification courses, including so-called 
        computer coding ``boot camps''.
            (3) Such other non-traditional courses and programs of 
        education leading to skills specified in subsection (b) as the 
        Under Secretary would consider appropriate for purposes of this 
        section.

Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                Matters

             PART I--DEFENSE DEPENDENTS' EDUCATION MATTERS

SEC. 551. IMPACT AID FOR CHILDREN WITH SEVERE DISABILITIES.

    (a) In General.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2018 pursuant to section 301 and available for operation 
and maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding 
table in section 4301, $10,000,000 shall be available for payments 
under section 363 of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (as enacted into law by Public Law 106-398; 
114 Stat. 1654A-77; 20 U.S.C. 7703a).
    (b) Use of Certain Amount.--Of the amount available under 
subsection (a) for payments as described in that subsection, $5,000,000 
shall be available for such payments to local educational agencies 
determined by the Secretary of Defense, in the discretion of the 
Secretary, to have higher concentrations of military children with 
severe disabilities.

SEC. 552. CONTINUATION OF AUTHORITY TO ASSIST LOCAL EDUCATIONAL 
              AGENCIES THAT BENEFIT DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES AND DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES.

    (a) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of Military 
Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2018 by section 301 and available for operation and 
maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding 
table in section 4301, $25,000,000 shall be available only for the 
purpose of providing assistance to local educational agencies under 
subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 20 U.S.C. 7703b).
    (b) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the term 
``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that term in section 
7013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
U.S.C. 7713(9)).

SEC. 553. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO THE TRANSITION 
              AND SUPPORT OF MILITARY DEPENDENT STUDENTS TO LOCAL 
              EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.

    Section 574(c)(3) of the John Warner National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (20 U.S.C. 7703b note) is amended by striking 
``September 30, 2017'' and inserting ``September 30, 2018''.

               PART II--MILITARY FAMILY READINESS MATTERS

SEC. 556. HOUSING TREATMENT FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES, 
              AND THEIR SPOUSES AND OTHER DEPENDENTS, UNDERGOING A 
              PERMANENT CHANGE OF STATION WITHIN THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) Housing Treatment.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 7 of title 37, United States Code, 
        is amended by inserting after section 403 the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 403a. Housing treatment for certain members of the armed forces, 
              and their spouses and other dependents, undergoing a 
              permanent change of station within the United States
    ``(a) Housing Treatment for Certain Members Who Have a Spouse or 
Other Dependents.--
            ``(1) Housing treatment regulations.--The Secretary of 
        Defense shall prescribe regulations that permit a member of the 
        armed forces described in paragraph (2) who is undergoing a 
        permanent change of station within the United States to request 
        the housing treatment described in subsection (b) during the 
        covered relocation period of the member.
            ``(2) Eligible members.--A member described in this 
        paragraph is any member who--
                    ``(A) has a spouse who is gainfully employed or 
                enrolled in a degree, certificate or license granting 
                program at the beginning of the covered relocation 
                period;
                    ``(B) has one or more dependents attending an 
                elementary or secondary school at the beginning of the 
                covered relocation period;
                    ``(C) has one or more dependents enrolled in the 
                Exceptional Family Member Program; or
                    ``(D) is caring for an immediate family member with 
                a chronic or long-term illness at the beginning of the 
                covered relocation period.
    ``(b) Housing Treatment.--
            ``(1) Continuation of housing for the spouse and other 
        dependents.--If a spouse or other dependent of a member whose 
        request under subsection (a) is approved resides in Government-
        owned or Government-leased housing at the beginning of the 
        covered relocation period, the spouse or other dependent may 
        continue to reside in such housing during a period determined 
        in accordance with the regulations prescribed pursuant to this 
        section.
            ``(2) Early housing eligibility.--If a spouse or other 
        dependent of a member whose request under subsection (a) is 
        approved is eligible to reside in Government-owned or 
        Government-leased housing following the member's permanent 
        change of station within the United States, the spouse or other 
        dependent may commence residing in such housing at any time 
        during the covered relocation period.
            ``(3) Temporary use of government-owned or government-
        leased housing intended for members without a spouse or 
        dependent.--If a spouse or other dependent of a member 
        relocates at a time different from the member in accordance 
        with a request approved under subsection (a), the member may be 
        assigned to Government-owned or Government-leased housing 
        intended for the permanent housing of members without a spouse 
        or dependent until the member's detachment date or the spouse 
        or other dependent's arrival date, but only if such Government-
        owned or Government-leased housing is available without 
        displacing a member without a spouse or dependent at such 
        housing.
            ``(4) Equitable basic allowance for housing.--If a spouse 
        or other dependent of a member relocates at a time different 
        from the member in accordance with a request approved under 
        subsection (a), the amount of basic allowance for housing 
        payable may be based on whichever of the following areas the 
        Secretary concerned determines to be the most equitable:
                    ``(A) The area of the duty station to which the 
                member is reassigned.
                    ``(B) The area in which the spouse or other 
                dependent resides, but only if the spouse or other 
                dependent resides in that area when the member departs 
                for the duty station to which the member is reassigned, 
                and only for the period during which the spouse or 
                other dependent resides in that area.
                    ``(C) The area of the former duty station of the 
                member, but only if that area is different from the 
                area in which the spouse or other dependent resides.
    ``(c) Rule of Construction Related to Certain Basic Allowance for 
Housing Payments.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit 
the payment or the amount of basic allowance for housing payable under 
section 403(d)(3)(A) of this title to a member whose request under 
subsection (a) is approved.
    ``(d) Inapplicability to Coast Guard.--This section does not apply 
to members of the Coast Guard.
    ``(e) Housing Treatment Education.--The regulations prescribed 
pursuant to this section shall ensure the relocation assistance 
programs under section 1056 of title 10 include, as part of the 
assistance normally provided under such section, education about the 
housing treatment available under this section.
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Covered relocation period.--(A) Subject to 
        subparagraph (B), the term `covered relocation period', when 
        used with respect to a permanent change of station of a member 
        of the armed forces, means the period that--
                    ``(i) begins 180 days before the date of the 
                permanent change of station; and
                    ``(ii) ends 180 days after the date of the 
                permanent change of station.
            ``(B) The regulations prescribed pursuant to this section 
        may provide for a shortening or lengthening of the covered 
        relocation period of a member for purposes of this section.
            ``(2) Dependent.--The term `dependent' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 401 of this title.
            ``(3) Permanent change of station.--The term `permanent 
        change of station' means a permanent change of station 
        described in section 452(b)(2) of this title.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 7 such title is amended by inserting after 
        the item relating to section 403 the following new item:

``403a. Housing treatment for certain members of the armed forces, and 
                            their spouses and other dependents, 
                            undergoing a permanent change of station 
                            within the United States.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2018.

SEC. 557. DIRECT HIRE AUTHORITY FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FOR CHILDCARE 
              SERVICES PROVIDERS FOR DEPARTMENT CHILD DEVELOPMENT 
              CENTERS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may, without regard to 
the provisions of subchapter I of chapter 33 of title 5, United States 
Code, recruit and appoint qualified childcare services providers to 
positions within the Department of Defense child development centers.
    (b) Regulations.--The Secretary shall carry out this section in 
accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary for purposes of 
this section.
    (c) Deadline for Implementation.--The Secretary shall prescribe the 
regulations required by subsection (b), and commence implementation of 
subsection (a), by not later than May 1, 2018.
    (d) Childcare Services Provider Defined.--In this section, the term 
``childcare services provider'' means a person who provides childcare 
services for dependent children of members of the Armed Forces and 
civilian employees of the Department of Defense in child development 
centers on Department installations.

SEC. 558. REPORT ON EXPANDING AND CONTRACTING FOR CHILDCARE SERVICES OF 
              THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    Not later than March 1, 2018, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report setting forth an assessment, undertaken by the 
Secretary for purposes of the report, of the feasibility and 
advisability of the following:
            (1) Expanding the operating hours of childcare facilities 
        of the Department of Defense in order to meet childcare 
        services requirements for swing-shift, night-shift, and weekend 
        workers.
            (2) Using contracts with private-sector childcare services 
        providers to expand the availability of childcare services for 
        members of the Armed Forces at locations outside military 
        installations at costs similar to the current costs for 
        childcare services through child development centers on 
        military installations.
            (3) Contracting with private-sector childcare services 
        providers to operate childcare facilities of the Department on 
        military installations.
            (4) Expanding childcare services as described in paragraphs 
        (1) through (3) to members of the National Guard and Reserves 
        in a manner that does not substantially raise costs of 
        childcare services for the military departments or conflict 
        with others who have a higher priority for space in childcare 
        services programs, such as members of the Armed Forces on 
        active duty.

SEC. 559. REPORT ON REVIEW OF GENERAL SCHEDULE PAY GRADES OF CHILDCARE 
              SERVICES PROVIDERS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a report on a review, 
undertaken by the Secretary for purposes of the report, of the General 
Schedule pay grades for childcare services provider positions within 
the Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements of Review.--The review undertaken for purposes of 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
            (1) A comparison of the compensation provided for current 
        General Schedule pay grades for childcare services provider 
        positions within the Department with the compensation provided 
        to childcare services providers in the private sector providing 
        similar childcare services.
            (2) An assessment of the mix of General Schedule pay grades 
        currently required by the Department to most effectively 
        recruit and retain childcare services providers for military 
        dependents.
            (3) A comparison of the budget implications of the current 
        General Schedule pay grade mix with the General Schedule pay 
        grade mix determined pursuant to paragraph (2) to be required 
        by the Department to most effectively recruit and retain 
        childcare services providers for military dependents.

SEC. 560. PILOT PROGRAM ON PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS FOR TELEWORK 
              FACILITIES ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS OUTSIDE THE UNITED 
              STATES.

    (a) In General.--Commencing not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
a pilot program to assess the feasability and advisability of providing 
telework facilities for military spouses on military installations 
outside the United States. The Secretary shall consult with the host 
nation or nations concerned in carrying out the pilot program.
    (b) Number of Installations.--The Secretary shall carry out the 
pilot program at not less than two military installations outside the 
United States selected by the Secretary for purposes of the pilot 
program.
    (c) Duration.--The duration of the pilot program shall be a period 
selected by the Secretary, but not more than three years.
    (d) Elements.--The pilot program shall include the following 
elements:
            (1) The pilot program shall be conducted as one or more 
        public-private partnerships between the Department of Defense 
        and a private corporation or partnership of private 
        corporations.
            (2) The corporation or corporations participating in the 
        pilot program shall contribute to the carrying out of the pilot 
        program an amount equal to the amount committed by the 
        Secretary to the pilot program at the time of its commencement.
            (3) The Secretary shall enter into one or more memoranda of 
        understanding with the corporation or corporations 
        participating in the pilot program for purposes of the pilot 
        program, including the amounts to be contributed by such 
        corporation or corporations pursuant to paragraph (2).
            (4) The telework undertaken by military spouses under the 
        pilot program may only be for United States companies.
            (5) The pilot program shall permit military spouses to 
        provide administrative, informational technology, professional, 
        and other necessary support to companies through telework from 
        Department installations outside the United States.
    (e) Funding.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2018 by section 401 and available for military personnel as 
specified in the funding table in section 4401, up to $1,000,000 may be 
available to carry out the pilot program, including entry into 
memoranda of understanding pursuant to subsection (d)(3) and payment by 
the Secretary of the amount committed by the Secretary to the pilot 
program pursuant to subsection (d)(2).

SEC. 561. REPORT ON MECHANISMS TO FACILITATE THE OBTAINING BY MILITARY 
              SPOUSES OF PROFESSIONAL LICENSES OR CREDENTIALS IN OTHER 
              STATES.

    Not later than March 1, 2018, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report setting forth an assessment of the feasability 
and advisability of the following:
            (1) The development and maintenance of a joint Federal-
        State clearing house to process the professional license and 
        credential information of military spouses in order--
                    (A) to facilitate the matching of such information 
                with State professional licensure and credentialing 
                requirements; and
                    (B) to provide military spouses information on the 
                actions required to obtain professional licenses or 
                credentials in other States.
            (2) The establishment of a joint Federal-State taskforce 
        dedicated to the elimination of unnecessary or duplicative 
        professional licensure and credentialing requirements among the 
        States.
            (3) The development and maintenance of an Internet website 
        that serves as a one-stop resource on professional licenses and 
        credentials for military spouses that sets forth license and 
        credential requirements for common professions in the States 
        and provides assistance and other resources for military 
        spouses seeking to obtain professional licenses or credentials 
        in other States.

SEC. 562. ADDITIONAL MILITARY CHILDCARE MATTERS.

    (a) Hours of Operation of Childcare Development Centers of the 
Department of Defense.--
            (1) In general.--The hours of operation of each childcare 
        development center (CDC) of the Department of Defense shall, to 
        the extent practicable, be set and maintained in manner that 
        takes into account the demands and circumstances of members of 
        the Armed Forces, including members of the reserve components, 
        who use such center in facilitation of the performance of their 
        military duties.
            (2) Matters to be taken into account.--The demands and 
        circumstances to be taken into account under paragraph (1) for 
        purposes of setting and maintaining the hours of operation of a 
        childcare development center shall include the following:
                    (A) Mission requirements of units whose members use 
                such center.
                    (B) The unpredictability of work schedules, and 
                fluctuations in day-to-day work hours, of such members.
                    (C) The potential for frequent and prolonged 
                absences of such members for training, operations, and 
                deployments.
                    (D) The location of such center on the military 
                installation concerned, including the location in 
                connection with duty locations of members and 
                applicable military family housing.
                    (E) The geographic separation of such members from 
                their extended family.
                    (F) The impact on the ability of such members to 
                perform their military duties of employment of their 
                spouses or educational pursuits of their spouses.
                    (G) Such other matters as the Secretary of the 
                military department concerned considers appropriate for 
                purposes of this subsection.
    (b) Childcare Coordinators for Military Installations.--
            (1) Childcare coordinators.--Each Secretary of a military 
        department shall provide for a childcare coordinator at each 
        military installation under the jurisdiction of such Secretary 
        at which are stationed significant numbers of members of the 
        Armed Forces with accompanying dependent children, as 
        determined by such Secretary.
            (2) Nature of position.--The childcare coordinator for a 
        military installation may be an individual appointed to that 
        position on full-time or part-time basis or an individual 
        appointed to another position whose duties in such other 
        position are consistent with the discharge by the person of the 
        duties of childcare coordinator.
            (3) Duties.--Each childcare coordinator for an installation 
        shall carry out the duties as follows:
                    (A) Act as an advocate for military families at the 
                installation on childcare matters both on-installation 
                and off-installation.
                    (B) Work with the commander of the installation in 
                order to seek to ensure that the childcare development 
                centers at the installation, together with any other 
                available childcare options on or in the vicinity of 
                the installation--
                            (i) provide a quality of care (including a 
                        caregiver-to-child ratio) commensurate with 
                        best practices of private providers of 
                        childcare services; and
                            (ii) are responsive to the childcare needs 
                        of members stationed at the installation and 
                        their families.
                    (C) Work with private providers of childcare 
                services in the vicinity of the installation in order 
                to--
                            (i) track vacancies in the childcare 
                        facilities of such providers;
                            (ii) seek to increase the availability of 
                        affordable childcare services for such members; 
                        and
                            (iii) otherwise ease the use of such 
                        services by such members.
                    (D) Such other duties as the Secretary of the 
                military department concerned shall specify.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

SEC. 571. AUTHORITY OF SECRETARY OF THE ARMY TO AWARD THE PERSONNEL 
              PROTECTION EQUIPMENT AWARD OF THE ARMY TO FORMER MEMBERS 
              OF THE ARMY.

    Notwithstanding any requirement in section 1125 of title 10, United 
States Code, relating to the award of awards only to current members of 
the Armed Forces, the Secretary of the Army may award the Personnel 
Protection Equipment (PPE) award of the Army to former members of the 
Army.

SEC. 572. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS TO 
              SPECIALIST FRANK M. CRARY FOR ACTS OF VALOR IN VIETNAM.

    (a) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations specified 
in section 3744 of title 10, United States Code, or any other time 
limitation with respect to the awarding of certain medals to persons 
who served in the Armed Forces, the President may award the 
Distinguished Service Cross under section 3742 of such title to 
Specialist Frank M. Crary for the acts of valor in Vietnam described in 
subsection (b).
    (b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to in 
subsection (a) are the actions of Frank M. Crary on April 7, 1966, as a 
member of the Army serving in the grade of Specialist in Vietnam while 
serving with Company D, 1st Battalion (Airborne), 12th Cavalry 
Regiment, 1st Cavalry Division.

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

SEC. 581. MODIFICATION OF SUBMITTAL DATE OF COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE 
              UNITED STATES REPORT ON INTEGRITY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE WHISTLEBLOWER PROGRAM.

    Section 536(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2124) is amended by striking 
``18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2018''.

SEC. 582. REPORT TO CONGRESS ON ACCOMPANIED AND UNACCOMPANIED TOURS OF 
              DUTY IN REMOTE LOCATIONS WITH HIGH FAMILY SUPPORT COSTS.

    Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report setting forth a comparative analysis, undertaken by 
the Secretary for purposes of the report, of accompanied tours of duty 
and unaccompanied tours of duty of members of the Armed Forces in 
remote locations with high family support costs (including facility 
construction and operation costs), including the following:
            (1) United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
            (2) Kwajalein Atoll.
            (3) Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

SEC. 601. FISCAL YEAR 2018 INCREASE IN MILITARY BASIC PAY.

    (a) Waiver of Section 1009 Adjustment.--The adjustment to become 
effective during fiscal year 2018 required by section 1009 of title 37, 
United States Code, in the rates of monthly basic pay authorized 
members of the uniformed services shall not be made.
    (b) Increase in Basic Pay.--Effective on January 1, 2018, the rates 
of monthly basic pay for members of the uniformed services are 
increased by 2.1 percent.

SEC. 602. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE TEMPORARY INCREASE IN RATES 
              OF BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING UNDER CERTAIN 
              CIRCUMSTANCES.

    Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018''.

SEC. 603. ADJUSTMENT TO BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING AT WITH DEPENDENTS 
              RATE OF CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.

    (a) In General.--Section 403 of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(p) Ineligibility for With Dependents Rate of Certain Members.--A 
member who is married to another member, is assigned to the same 
geographic location as such other member, and has one or more dependent 
children with such other member is not eligible for a basic allowance 
for housing at the with dependents rate.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--
            (1) In general.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
        take effect on October 1, 2017, and shall, except as provided 
        in paragraph (2), apply with respect to allowances for basic 
        housing payable for months beginning on or after that date.
            (2) Preservation of current bah for members with 
        uninterrupted eligibility for bah.--Notwithstanding the 
        amendment made by subsection (a), the monthly amount of basic 
        allowance for housing payable to a member of the uniformed 
        services under section 403 of title 37, United States Code, as 
        of September 30, 2017, shall not be reduced by reason of the 
        amendment so long as the member retains uninterrupted 
        eligibility for such basic allowance for housing within an area 
        of the United States or within an overseas location (as 
        applicable).

SEC. 604. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY OF PRESIDENT TO DETERMINE 
              ALTERNATIVE PAY ADJUSTMENT IN ANNUAL BASIC PAY OF MEMBERS 
              OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.

    (a) Modification.--Section 1009(e) of title 37, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or serious economic 
        conditions affecting the general welfare'';
            (2) by striking paragraph (2); and
            (3) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2).
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and--
            (1) if the date of the enactment of this Act occurs before 
        September 1 of a year, shall apply with respect to plans for 
        alternative pay adjustments for any year beginning after such 
        year; and
            (2) if the date of the enactment of this Act occurs after 
        August 31 of a year, shall apply with respect to plans for 
        alternative pay adjustments for any year beginning after the 
        year following such year.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
              AUTHORITIES FOR RESERVE FORCES.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
            (1) Section 308b(g), relating to Selected Reserve 
        reenlistment bonus.
            (2) Section 308c(i), relating to Selected Reserve 
        affiliation or enlistment bonus.
            (3) Section 308d(c), relating to special pay for enlisted 
        members assigned to certain high-priority units.
            (4) Section 308g(f)(2), relating to Ready Reserve 
        enlistment bonus for persons without prior service.
            (5) Section 308h(e), relating to Ready Reserve enlistment 
        and reenlistment bonus for persons with prior service.
            (6) Section 308i(f), relating to Selected Reserve 
        enlistment and reenlistment bonus for persons with prior 
        service.
            (7) Section 478a(e), relating to reimbursement of travel 
        expenses for inactive-duty training outside of normal commuting 
        distance.
            (8) Section 910(g), relating to income replacement payments 
        for reserve component members experiencing extended and 
        frequent mobilization for active duty service.

SEC. 612. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
              AUTHORITIES FOR HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS.

    (a) Title 10 Authorities.--The following sections of title 10, 
United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
            (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer 
        candidate accession program.
            (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education 
        loans for certain health professionals who serve in the 
        Selected Reserve.
    (b) Title 37 Authorities.--The following sections of title 37, 
United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
            (1) Section 302c-1(f), relating to accession and retention 
        bonuses for psychologists.
            (2) Section 302d(a)(1), relating to accession bonus for 
        registered nurses.
            (3) Section 302e(a)(1), relating to incentive special pay 
        for nurse anesthetists.
            (4) Section 302g(e), relating to special pay for Selected 
        Reserve health professionals in critically short wartime 
        specialties.
            (5) Section 302h(a)(1), relating to accession bonus for 
        dental officers.
            (6) Section 302j(a), relating to accession bonus for 
        pharmacy officers.
            (7) Section 302k(f), relating to accession bonus for 
        medical officers in critically short wartime specialties.
            (8) Section 302l(g), relating to accession bonus for dental 
        specialist officers in critically short wartime specialties.

SEC. 613. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF SPECIAL PAY AND BONUS AUTHORITIES FOR 
              NUCLEAR OFFICERS.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
            (1) Section 312(f), relating to special pay for nuclear-
        qualified officers extending period of active service.
            (2) Section 312b(c), relating to nuclear career accession 
        bonus.
            (3) Section 312c(d), relating to nuclear career annual 
        incentive bonus.

SEC. 614. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO TITLE 37 
              CONSOLIDATED SPECIAL PAY, INCENTIVE PAY, AND BONUS 
              AUTHORITIES.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
            (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
        enlisted members.
            (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
        officers.
            (3) Section 333(i), relating to special bonus and incentive 
        pay authorities for nuclear officers.
            (4) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive 
        pay and bonus authorities for officers.
            (5) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive 
        pay authorities for officers in health professions.
            (6) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for 
        cadets and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve Officers' 
        Training Corps.
            (7) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
            (8) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special 
        duty pay.
            (9) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
        proficiency bonus.
            (10) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
        members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to 
        high priority units.

SEC. 615. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO PAYMENT OF 
              OTHER TITLE 37 BONUSES AND SPECIAL PAYS.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
            (1) Section 301b(a), relating to aviation officer retention 
        bonus.
            (2) Section 307a(g), relating to assignment incentive pay.
            (3) Section 308(g), relating to reenlistment bonus for 
        active members.
            (4) Section 309(e), relating to enlistment bonus.
            (5) Section 316a(g), relating to incentive pay for members 
        of precommissioning programs pursuing foreign language 
        proficiency.
            (6) Section 324(g), relating to accession bonus for new 
        officers in critical skills.
            (7) Section 326(g), relating to incentive bonus for 
        conversion to military occupational specialty to ease personnel 
        shortage.
            (8) Section 327(h), relating to incentive bonus for 
        transfer between Armed Forces.
            (9) Section 330(f), relating to accession bonus for officer 
        candidates.

SEC. 616. AVIATION BONUS MATTERS.

    Section 334(c) of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs 
        (4) and (5), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraphs:
            ``(2) Business case for payment of aviation bonus 
        amounts.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The amount of the aviation bonus 
                payable under paragraph (1)(B) under agreements entered 
                into under subsection (d) during a fiscal year shall be 
                determined solely through a business case analysis of 
                the amount required to be paid under such agreements in 
                order to address anticipated manning shortfalls for 
                such fiscal year by aircraft type category.
                    ``(B) Budget justification documents.--The budget 
                justification documents in support of the budget of the 
                President for a fiscal year (as submitted to Congress 
                pursuant to section 1105 of title 31) shall set forth 
                for each uniformed service the following:
                            ``(i) The amount requested for the payment 
                        of aviation bonuses under this section using 
                        amounts authorized to be appropriated for the 
                        fiscal year concerned by aircraft type 
                        category.
                            ``(ii) The business case analysis 
                        supporting the amount so requested by aircraft 
                        type category.
                            ``(iii) For each aircraft type category, 
                        whether or not the amount requested will permit 
                        the payment during the fiscal year concerned of 
                        the maximum amount of the aviation bonus 
                        authorized by paragraph (1).
                            ``(iv) If any amount requested is to 
                        address manning shortfalls, a description of 
                        any plans of the Secretary concerned to address 
                        such shortfalls by non-monetary means.
            ``(3) Tiered limitation on maximum amount of aviation 
        bonus.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The maximum amount of the 
                aviation bonus payable under paragraph (1)(B) under 
                agreements entered into under subsection (d) during a 
                fiscal year shall vary by anticipated manning 
                shortfalls for such fiscal year by aircraft type 
                category. The variance shall be stated by tier 
                correlating maximum bonus amounts with anticipated 
                manning and retention levels, as follows:
                            ``(i) Maximum amount payable (known as 
                        `Tier I') is the amount specified for the 
                        fiscal year concerned by paragraph (1)(B) and 
                        is payable under agreements for duty by 
                        aircraft type category in which--
                                    ``(I) the projected manning level 
                                for the fiscal year does not exceed 90 
                                percent of the required manning level; 
                                or
                                    ``(II) the two-year retention trend 
                                for personnel performing such duty does 
                                not exceed 50 percent.
                            ``(ii) Maximum amount payable (known as 
                        `Tier II') is an amount equal to 68 percent of 
                        the amount specified for the fiscal year 
                        concerned by paragraph (1)(B) and is payable 
                        under agreements for duty by aircraft type 
                        category in which--
                                    ``(I) the projected manning level 
                                for the fiscal year is between 90 and 
                                95 percent of the required manning 
                                level; or
                                    ``(II) the two-year retention trend 
                                for personnel performing such duty is 
                                between 50 and 55 percent.
                            ``(iii) Maximum amount payable (known as 
                        `Tier III') is an amount equal to 34 percent of 
                        the amount specified for the fiscal year 
                        concerned by paragraph (1)(B) and is payable 
                        under agreements for duty by aircraft type 
                        category in which--
                                    ``(I) the projected manning level 
                                for the fiscal year is between 95 and 
                                100 percent of the required manning 
                                level; or
                                    ``(II) the two-year retention trend 
                                for personnel performing such duty is 
                                between 55 and 65 percent.
                            ``(iv) Maximum amount payable (known as 
                        `Tier IV') is zero for duty by aircraft type 
                        category in which--
                                    ``(I) the projected manning level 
                                for the fiscal year is 100 percent or 
                                more of the required manning level; or
                                    ``(II) the two-year retention trend 
                                for personnel performing such duty 
                                exceeds 65 percent.
                    ``(B) Limitation on total number of agreements 
                providing for tier i payment.--In no event may all the 
                agreements entered into under subsection (d) during a 
                fiscal year by a Secretary concerned provide for a 
                maximum amount payable as described in subparagraph 
                (A)(i).''.

SEC. 617. SPECIAL AVIATION INCENTIVE PAY AND BONUS AUTHORITIES FOR 
              ENLISTED MEMBERS WHO PILOT REMOTELY PILOTED AIRCRAFT.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 5 of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 334 the following new section:
``Sec. 334a. Special aviation incentive pay and bonus authorities: 
              enlisted members who pilot remotely piloted aircraft
    ``(a) Aviation Incentive Pay.--
            ``(1) Incentive pay authorized.--The Secretary concerned 
        may pay aviation incentive pay under this section to an 
        enlisted member in a regular or reserve component of a 
        uniformed service who--
                    ``(A) is entitled to basic pay under section 204 of 
                this title or compensation under 206 of this title;
                    ``(B) is designated as a remotely piloted aircraft 
                pilot, or is in training leading to such a designation;
                    ``(C) engages in, or is in training leading to, 
                frequent and regular performance of operational flying 
                duty or proficiency flying duty;
                    ``(D) engages in or remains in aviation service for 
                a specified period; and
                    ``(E) meets such other criteria as the Secretary 
                concerned determines appropriate.
            ``(2) Enlisted members not currently engaged in flying 
        duty.--The Secretary concerned may pay aviation incentive pay 
        under this section to an enlisted member who is otherwise 
        qualified for such pay but who is not currently engaged in the 
        performance of operational flying duty or proficiency flying 
        duty if the Secretary determines, under regulations prescribed 
        under section 374 of this title, that payment of aviation pay 
        to that enlisted member is in the best interests of the 
        service.
    ``(b) Aviation Bonus.--The Secretary concerned may pay an aviation 
bonus under this section to an enlisted member in a regular or reserve 
component of a uniformed service who--
            ``(1) is entitled to aviation incentive pay under 
        subsection (a);
            ``(2) is within one year of completing the member's 
        enlistment;
            ``(3) reenlists or voluntarily extends the member's 
        enlistment for a period of at least one year or, in the case of 
        an enlisted member serving pursuant to an indefinite 
        reenlistment, executes a written agreement to remain on active 
        duty for a period of at least one year or to remain in an 
        active status in a reserve component for a period of at least 
        one year; and
            ``(4) meets such other criteria as the Secretary concerned 
        determines appropriate.
    ``(c) Maximum Amount and Method of Payment.--
            ``(1) Maximum amount.--The Secretary concerned shall 
        determine the amount of a bonus or incentive pay to be paid 
        under this section, except that--
                    ``(A) aviation incentive pay under subsection (a) 
                shall be paid at a monthly rate not to exceed $1,000 
                per month; and
                    ``(B) an aviation bonus under subsection (b) may 
                not exceed $35,000 for each 12-month period of 
                obligated service agreed to under subsection (d).
            ``(2) Business case for payment of aviation bonus 
        amounts.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The amount of the aviation bonus 
                payable under paragraph (1)(B) under agreements entered 
                into under subsection (d) during a fiscal year shall be 
                determined solely through a business case analysis of 
                the amount required to be paid under such agreements in 
                order to address anticipated manning shortfalls for 
                such fiscal year by aircraft type category.
                    ``(B) Budget justification documents.--The budget 
                justification documents in support of the budget of the 
                President for a fiscal year (as submitted to Congress 
                pursuant to section 1105 of title 31) shall set forth 
                for each uniformed service the following:
                            ``(i) The amount requested for the payment 
                        of aviation bonuses under this section using 
                        amounts authorized to be appropriated for the 
                        fiscal year concerned by aircraft type 
                        category.
                            ``(ii) The business case analysis 
                        supporting the amount so requested by aircraft 
                        type category.
                            ``(iii) For each aircraft type category, 
                        whether or not the amount requested will permit 
                        the payment during the fiscal year concerned of 
                        the maximum amount of the aviation bonus 
                        authorized by paragraph (1).
                            ``(iv) If any amount requested is to 
                        address manning shortfalls, a description of 
                        any plans of the Secretary concerned to address 
                        such shortfalls by non-monetary means.
            ``(3) Lump sum or installments.--A bonus under this section 
        may be paid in a lump sum or in periodic installments, as 
        determined by the Secretary concerned.
            ``(4) Fixing bonus amount.--Upon acceptance by the 
        Secretary concerned of the written agreement required by 
        subsection (d), the total amount of the bonus to be paid under 
        the agreement shall be fixed.
    ``(d) Written Agreement for Bonus.--To receive an aviation bonus 
under this section, an enlisted member determined to be eligible for 
the bonus shall enter into a written agreement with the Secretary 
concerned that specifies--
            ``(1) the amount of the bonus;
            ``(2) the method of payment of the bonus under subsection 
        (c)(2);
            ``(3) the period of obligated service; and
            ``(4) the type or conditions of the service.
    ``(e) Reserve Component Enlisted Members Performing Inactive Duty 
Training.--An enlisted member of reserve component who is entitled to 
compensation under section 206 of this title and who is authorized 
aviation incentive pay under this section may be paid an amount of 
incentive pay that is proportionate to the compensation received under 
section 206 of this title for inactive-duty training.
    ``(f) Relationship to Other Pay and Allowances.--
            ``(1) Aviation incentive pay.--Aviation incentive pay paid 
        to an enlisted member under subsection (a) shall be in addition 
        to any other pay and allowance to which the enlisted member is 
        entitled, except that an enlisted member may not receive a 
        payment under such subsection and section 351(a)(2) or 353(a) 
        of this title for the same skill and period of service.
            ``(2) Aviation bonus.--An aviation bonus paid to an 
        enlisted member under subsection (b) shall be in addition to 
        any other pay and allowance to which the enlisted member is 
        entitled, except that an enlisted member may not receive a 
        bonus payment under such subsection and section 331 or 353(b) 
        of this title for the same skill and period of service.
    ``(g) Repayment.--An enlisted member who receives aviation 
incentive pay or an aviation bonus under this section and who fails to 
fulfill the eligibility requirements for the receipt of the incentive 
pay or bonus or complete the period of service for which the incentive 
pay or bonus is paid, as specified in the written agreement under 
subsection (d) in the case of a bonus, shall be subject to the 
repayment provisions of section 373 of this title.
    ``(h) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Aviation service.--The term `aviation service' means 
        participation in aerial flight performed, under regulations 
        prescribed by the Secretary concerned, by an eligible enlisted 
        member remotely piloted aircraft pilot.
            ``(2) Operational flying duty.--The term `operational 
        flying duty' means flying performed under competent orders by 
        enlisted members of the regular or reserve components while 
        serving in assignments in which basic flying skills are 
        normally maintained in the performance of assigned duties as 
        determined by the Secretary concerned, and flying duty 
        performed by members in training that leads to designation as a 
        remotely piloted aircraft pilot by the Secretary concerned.
            ``(3) Proficiency flying duty.--The term `proficiency 
        flying duty' means flying performed under competent orders by 
        enlisted members of the regular or reserve components while 
        serving in assignments in which such skills would normally not 
        be maintained in the performance of assigned duties.
    ``(i) Termination of Authority.--No agreement may be entered into 
under this section after December 31, 2018.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 5 of such title is amended by inserting after the item relating 
to section 334 the following new item:

``334a. Special aviation incentive pay and bonus authorities: enlisted 
                            members who pilot remotely piloted 
                            aircraft.''.

SEC. 618. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS RELATING TO 2008 
              CONSOLIDATION OF SPECIAL PAY AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Repayment Provisions.--
            (1) Title 10.--The following provisions of title 10, United 
        States Code, are each amended by inserting ``or 373'' before 
        ``of title 37'':
                    (A) Section 510(i).
                    (B) Subsections (a)(3) and (c) of section 2005.
                    (C) Paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 2007(e).
                    (D) Section 2105.
                    (E) Section 2123(e)(1)(C).
                    (F) Section 2128(c).
                    (G) Section 2130a(d).
                    (H) Section 2171(g).
                    (I) Section 2173(g)(2).
                    (J) Paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 2200a(e).
                    (K) Section 4348(f).
                    (L) Section 6959(f).
                    (M) Section 9348(f).
                    (N) Subsections (a)(2) and (b) of section 16135.
                    (O) Section 16203(a)(1)(B).
                    (P) Section 16301(h).
                    (Q) Section 16303(d).
                    (R) Paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 16401(f).
            (2) Title 14.--Section 182(g) of title 14, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting ``or 373'' before ``of title 
        37''.
    (b) Officers Appointed Pursuant to an Agreement Under Section 329 
of Title 37.--Section 641 of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking paragraph (6).
    (c) Reenlistment Leave.--The matter preceding paragraph (1) of 
section 703(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
``or paragraph (1) or (3) of section 351(a)'' after ``section 
310(a)(2)''.
    (d) Rest and Recuperation Absence for Qualified Members Extending 
Duty at Designated Location Overseas.--The matter following paragraph 
(4) of section 705(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``or 352'' after ``section 314''.
    (e) Rest and Recuperation Absence for Certain Members Undergoing 
Extended Deployment to Combat Zone.--Section 705a(b)(1)(B) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting ``or 352(a)'' after 
``section 305''.
    (f) Additional Incentives for Health Professionals of the Indian 
Health Service.--Section 116(a) of the Indian Health Care Improvement 
Act (25 U.S.C. 1616i(a)) is amended by inserting ``or 335(b)'' after 
``section 302(b)''.
    (g) Military Pay and Allowances Continuance While in a Missing 
Status.--Section 552(a)(2) of title 37, United States Code, is amended 
by inserting ``or section 351(a)(2)'' after ``section 301''.
    (h) Military Pay and Allowances.--Section 907(d) of title 37, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``or 351'' 
                after ``section 301'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``or 352'' 
                after ``section 301c'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``or 353(a)'' 
                after ``section 304'';
                    (D) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``or 352'' 
                after ``section 305'';
                    (E) in subparagraph (E), by inserting ``or 352'' 
                after ``section 305a'';
                    (F) in subparagraph (F), by inserting ``or 352'' 
                after ``section 305b'';
                    (G) in subparagraph (G), by inserting ``or 352'' 
                after ``section 307a'';
                    (H) in subparagraph (I), by inserting ``or 352'' 
                after ``section 314'';
                    (I) in subparagraph (J), by striking ``316'' and 
                inserting ``353(b)''; and
                    (J) in subparagraph (K), by striking ``323'' and 
                inserting ``section 355''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``or 352'' 
                after ``section 307'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``308'' and 
                inserting ``331'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``309'' and 
                inserting ``331''; and
                    (D) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``or 353'' 
                after ``section 320''.
    (i) Pay and Allowances of Officers of the Public Health Service.--
Section 208(a)(2) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 
210(a)(2)) is amended by inserting ``or 373'' after ``303a(b)''.

     Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

        PART I--AMENDMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH RETIRED PAY REFORM

SEC. 631. ADJUSTMENTS TO SURVIVOR BENEFIT PLAN FOR MEMBERS ELECTING 
              LUMP SUM PAYMENTS OF RETIRED PAY UNDER THE MODERNIZED 
              RETIREMENT SYSTEM FOR MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.

    (a) Definition of Base Amount.--Section 1447(6)(A) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended in the matter preceding clause (i) by 
inserting ``or 1415(b)(1)(B)'' after ``section 1409(b)(2)''.
    (b) Coordination With Reductions in Retired Pay.--Section 1452 of 
such title is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1), by inserting ``, other than 
        retired pay received as a lump sum under section 1415(b)(1)(A) 
        of this title,'' in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) after 
        ``, the retired pay'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(1), by inserting ``, other than 
        retired pay received as a lump sum under section 1415(b)(1)(A) 
        of this title,'' after ``The retired pay''; and
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, other than 
                retired pay received as a lump sum under section 
                1415(b)(1)(A) of this title,'' after ``The retired 
                pay''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``or 
                1415(b)(1)(B)'' after ``section 1409(b)(2)''.

SEC. 632. TECHNICAL CORRECTION REGARDING ELECTION TO PARTICIPATE IN 
              MODERNIZED RETIREMENT SYSTEM FOR RESERVE COMPONENT 
              MEMBERS EXPERIENCING A BREAK IN SERVICE.

    (a) Persons Experiencing a Break in Service.--Section 
12739(f)(2)(B)(iii) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``on the date of the reentry'' and inserting ``within 30 days 
after the date of the reentry''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on January 1, 2018, immediately after the coming into 
effect of the amendment made by section 631(b) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 
843), to which the amendment made by subsection (a) relates.

                         PART II--OTHER MATTERS

SEC. 636. AUTHORITY FOR THE SECRETARIES OF THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS TO 
              PROVIDE FOR CARE OF REMAINS OF THOSE WHO DIE ON ACTIVE 
              DUTY AND ARE INTERRED IN A FOREIGN CEMETERY.

    Section 1482(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(10) In the case of a decedent under the jurisdiction of 
        a Secretary of a military department at the time of death, 
        enduring care of remains interred in a foreign cemetery if the 
        burial location was designated by such Secretary.''.

SEC. 637. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS TO USE OF MEMBER'S CURRENT PAY GRADE 
              AND YEARS OF SERVICE IN A DIVISION OF PROPERTY INVOLVING 
              DISPOSABLE RETIRED PAY.

    (a) In General.--Section 1408 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(4)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding clause (i) of 
                subparagraph (A), by striking ``(as determined pursuant 
                to subparagraph (B)''; and
                    (B) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
                following new subparagraph (B):
            ``(B) For purposes of subparagraph (A), in the case of a 
        division of property as part of a final decree of divorce, 
        dissolution, annulment, or legal separation that becomes final 
        prior to the date of a member's retirement, the total monthly 
        retired pay to which the member is entitled shall be--
                    ``(i) in the case of a member not described in 
                clause (ii), the amount of retired pay to which the 
                member would have been entitled using the member's 
                retired pay base and years of service on the date of 
                the decree of divorce, dissolution, annulment, or legal 
                separation, as computed under section 1406 or 1407 of 
                this title, whichever is applicable, increased by the 
                sum of the cost-of-living adjustments that--
                            ``(I) would have occurred under section 
                        1401a(b) of this title between the date of the 
                        decree of divorce, dissolution, annulment, or 
                        legal separation and the time of the member's 
                        retirement using the adjustment provisions 
                        under section 1401a of this title applicable to 
                        the member upon retirement; and
                            ``(II) occur under 1401a of this title 
                        after the member's retirement; or
                    ``(ii) in the case of a member who becomes entitled 
                to retired pay pursuant to chapter 1223 of this title, 
                the amount of retired pay to which the member would 
                have been entitled using the member's retired pay base 
                and creditable service points on the date of the decree 
                of divorce, dissolution, annulment, or legal 
                separation, as computer under chapter 1223 of this 
                title, increased by the sum of the cost-of-living 
                adjustments as described in clause (i) that apply with 
                respect to the member.''; and
            (2) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
    ``(8) A division of property award computed as a percentage of a 
member's disposable retired pay shall be increased by the same 
percentage as any cost-of-living adjustment made under section 1401a 
after the member's retirement.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on December 23, 2016, as if enacted immediately following 
the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2017 (Public Law 114-328) to which such amendments relate.
    (c) Applicability.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
apply with respect to any division of property as part of a final 
decree of divorce, dissolution, annulment, or legal separation 
involving a member of the Armed Forces to which section 1408 of title 
10, United States Code, applies that becomes final after December 23, 
2016.

SEC. 638. PERMANENT EXTENSION AND COST-OF-LIVING ADJUSTMENTS OF SPECIAL 
              SURVIVOR INDEMNITY ALLOWANCES UNDER THE SURVIVOR BENEFIT 
              PLAN.

    Section 1450(m) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (H), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end; and
                    (B) by striking subparagraph (I) and inserting the 
                following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(I) for months from October 2016 through December 
                2018, $310; and
                    ``(J) for months during any calendar year after 
                2018, the amount determined in accordance with 
                paragraph (6).''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (6) and inserting the following 
        new paragraph (6):
            ``(6) Cost-of-living adjustments after 2018.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The amount of the allowance 
                payable under paragraph (1) for months during any 
                calendar year beginning after 2018 shall be--
                            ``(i) the amount payable pursuant to 
                        paragraph (2) for months during the preceding 
                        calendar year, plus
                            ``(ii) an amount equal to the percentage of 
                        the amount determined pursuant to clause (i) 
                        which percentage is equal to the percentage 
                        increase in retired pay of members and former 
                        members of the armed forces for such calendar 
                        year under section 1401a of this title.
                    ``(B) Public notice on amount of allowance 
                payable.--The Secretary of Defense shall publish in the 
                Federal Register each year the amount of the allowance 
                payable under paragraph (1) for months in such year by 
                reason of the operation of this paragraph.''.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

SEC. 651. CONSTRUCTION OF DOMESTIC SOURCE REQUIREMENT FOR FOOTWEAR 
              FURNISHED TO ENLISTED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES ON 
              INITIAL ENTRY INTO THE ARMED FORCES.

    Section 418(d) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
    ``(4) This subsection does not apply to the furnishing of athletic 
footwear to the members of the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, or the 
Marine Corps upon their initial entry into the armed forces, or 
prohibit the provision of a cash allowance to such members for such 
purpose, if the Secretary of Defense determines that compliance with 
paragraph (2) would result in a sole source contract for procurement of 
athletic footwear for the purpose stated in paragraph (1) because there 
would be only a sole certified of supply for such footwear.
    ``(5) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that all procurements 
of athletic footwear to which this subsection applies are made using 
firm fixed price contracts.''.

SEC. 652. INCLUSION OF DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IN TRANSITION 
              ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 1144 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``and the Secretary of Veterans 
Affairs'' each place it appears in paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting 
``the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, and the Secretary of 
Agriculture''.
    (b) Inclusion in Elements of Program.--Subsection (b) of such 
section is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(12) Provide information regarding the availability to 
        such members of the following through the Department of 
        Agriculture:
                    ``(A) Grants, loans, and other assistance to enter 
                production agriculture or engage in rural 
                entrepreneurship.
                    ``(B) Identification of and assistance in obtaining 
                employment within the agricultural sector that aligns 
                with military occupational specialties or military 
                certifications, including employment with the 
                Department.
                    ``(C) Training and apprenticeships for employment 
                in rural communities and in the agricultural and food 
                sectors.''.

SEC. 653. REVIEW AND UPDATE OF REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEBT COLLECTORS 
              INTERACTIONS WITH UNIT COMMANDERS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall review and update Department of 
Defense Instruction 1344.09 and any associated regulations to ensure 
that such regulations comply with Federal consumer protection laws with 
respect to the collection of debt.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

SEC. 701. TRICARE ADVANTAGE DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall, in consultation 
        with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, establish a 
        demonstration program to enable applicable eligible individuals 
        to enroll in Medicare Advantage plans.
            (2) Duration.--The demonstration program established under 
        paragraph (1) shall be carried out for a period of not less 
        than five years.
    (b) Plans.--
            (1) Selection.--The Secretary shall competitively select 
        one or more Medicare Advantage plans for which the Secretary of 
        Health and Human Services has waived or modified requirements 
        under section 1857(i) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
        1395w-27(i)) in market areas of the TRICARE program with large 
        concentrations of beneficiaries eligible for TRICARE for Life 
        (as determined by the Secretary) to participate in the 
        demonstration program through the use of risk-bearing, 
        capitated contracts with Medicare Advantage organizations.
            (2) Requirements.--Each Medicare Advantage plan selected 
        under paragraph (1) shall meet the following requirements:
                    (A) The plan is an MA-PD plan (as defined in 
                section 1860D-1(a)(3)(C) of the Social Security Act (42 
                U.S.C. 1395w-101(a)(3)(C))).
                    (B) The plan has a minimum quality star rating of 
                four or higher under section 1853(o)(4) of such Act (42 
                U.S.C. 1395w-23(o)(4)).
                    (C) The plan and the Medicare Advantage 
                organization offering the plan meet such other criteria 
                as the Secretary determines appropriate for purposes of 
                this section.
            (3) Use of department facilities and services.--
                    (A) Military treatment facilities.--The Secretary 
                may include military treatment facilities as authorized 
                providers for applicable eligible individuals enrolled 
                in a Medicare Advantage plan participating in the 
                demonstration program as a service provided by the 
                Department of Defense.
                    (B) Pharmacy benefits program.--The Secretary may 
                include coverage of pharmaceutical agents under the 
                pharmacy benefits program under section 1074g of title 
                10, United States Code, as a coverage option for 
                applicable eligible individuals enrolled in a Medicare 
                Advantage plan participating in the demonstration 
                program as a service provided by the Department of 
                Defense.
    (c) Enrollment of Applicable Eligible Individuals.--Unless an 
applicable eligible individual opts out, all applicable eligible 
individuals located in an area participating in the demonstration 
program shall be enrolled in a Medicare Advantage plan selected under 
subsection (b)(1).
    (d) Costs of Program.--The Secretary and the Secretary of Health 
and Human Services shall jointly determine the appropriate distribution 
of costs and potential savings to the Department of Defense and the 
Department of Health and Human Services that result from the 
demonstration program.
    (e) Reports.--
            (1) Report on implementation of program.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than one year after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
                submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
                Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
                implementation by the Secretary of the demonstration 
                program under this section.
                    (B) Elements.--The report required by subparagraph 
                (A) shall include the following:
                            (i) A description of each Medicare 
                        Advantage plan participating in the 
                        demonstration program, disaggregated by market 
                        area of the TRICARE program (as determined by 
                        the Secretary).
                            (ii) A description of covered benefits, 
                        premium rates, and copayments or cost sharing, 
                        if any, for each Medicare Advantage plan 
                        participating in the demonstration program in 
                        each such area.
                            (iii) The number of applicable eligible 
                        individuals eligible to enroll and the number 
                        of applicable eligible individuals projected to 
                        enroll in each Medicare Advantage plan 
                        participating in the demonstration program in 
                        each such area.
                            (iv) An assessment of projected average 
                        annual out-of-pocket costs, if any, for 
                        applicable eligible individuals enrolled in 
                        each Medicare Advantage plan participating in 
                        the demonstration program.
                            (v) A description of outcome metrics 
                        developed to measure quality of care, improved 
                        health outcomes, better access to care, and 
                        enhanced beneficiary experience under the 
                        demonstration program.
            (2) Final report.--Not later than four years after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a report providing a comprehensive assessment 
        of the demonstration program under this section.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Applicable eligible individual.--The term ``applicable 
        eligible individual'' means an eligible individual (as defined 
        in paragraph (2)) who is a Medicare Advantage eligible 
        individual (as defined in section 1851(a)(3) of the Social 
        Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w-21(a)(3))).
            (2) Eligible individual.--The term ``eligible individual'' 
        means an individual eligible for health benefits under section 
        1086(d) of title 10, United States Code.
            (3) Medicare advantage organization.--The term ``Medicare 
        Advantage organization'' has the meaning given that term in 
        section 1859 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w-28).
            (4) Medicare advantage plan.--The term ``Medicare Advantage 
        plan'' means a health plan under part C of title XVIII of the 
        Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w-21 et seq.).
            (5) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Defense.
            (6) TRICARE program; tricare for life.--The terms ``TRICARE 
        program'' and ``TRICARE for Life'' have the meanings given 
        those terms in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.
    (g) Regulations.--
            (1) In general.--In order to implement expeditiously the 
        demonstration program under this section, the Secretary may 
        prescribe such changes to the regulations implementing the 
        TRICARE program as the Secretary considers appropriate.
            (2) Rulemaking.--The Secretary shall implement any changes 
        prescribed under paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by prescribing an interim final rule; and
                    (B) not later than 180 days after prescribing such 
                interim final rule and considering public comments with 
                respect to such interim final rule, by prescribing a 
                final rule.
    (h) Waiver Authority.--The Secretary of Health and Human Services 
may waive such requirements of titles XI and XVIII of the Social 
Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1301 et seq.; 1395 et seq.) as may be necessary 
for purposes of carrying out this section.

SEC. 702. CONTINUED ACCESS TO MEDICAL CARE AT FACILITIES OF THE 
              UNIFORMED SERVICES FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE 
              COMPONENTS.

    (a) TRICARE Reserve Select.--Paragraph (2) of section 1076d(f) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
            ``(2) The term `TRICARE Reserve Select' means--
                    ``(A) medical care at facilities of the uniformed 
                services to which a dependent described in section 
                1076(a)(2) of this title is entitled; and
                    ``(B) health benefits under the TRICARE Select 
                self-managed, preferred provider network option under 
                section 1075 of this title made available to 
                beneficiaries by reason of this section and subject to 
                the cost-sharing requirements set forth in such section 
                1075.''.
    (b) TRICARE Retired Reserve.--Section 1076e is amended--
            (1) In subsection (b), in the subsection heading, by 
        striking ``Retired Reserve'';
            (2) In subsection (c), by striking ``Retired Reserve'' the 
        last place it appears; and
            (3) in subsection (f), by striking paragraph (2) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(2) The term `TRICARE Retired Reserve' means--
                    ``(A) medical care at facilities of the uniformed 
                services to which a dependent described in section 
                1076(a)(2) of this title is entitled; and
                    ``(B) health benefits under the TRICARE Select 
                self-managed, preferred provider network option under 
                section 1075 of this title made available to 
                beneficiaries by reason of this section and subject to 
                the cost-sharing requirements set forth in such section 
                1075.''.

SEC. 703. MODIFICATION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR TRICARE RESERVE SELECT AND 
              TRICARE RETIRED RESERVE OF CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE 
              COMPONENTS.

    (a) TRICARE Reserve Select.--Section 1076d(a) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``(1) Except as provided 
        in paragraph (2), a member'' and inserting ``A member''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (2).
    (b) TRICARE Retired Reserve.--Section 1076e(a) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``(1) Except as provided 
        in paragraph (2), a member'' and inserting ``A member''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (2).

SEC. 704. EXPEDITED EVALUATION AND TREATMENT FOR PRENATAL SURGERY UNDER 
              THE TRICARE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall implement processes 
and procedures to ensure that a covered beneficiary under the TRICARE 
program whose pregnancy is complicated with a fetal condition or 
suspected of being complicated with a fetal condition receives, in an 
expedited manner and at the discretion of the covered beneficiary, 
evaluation, non-directive counseling, and treatment from a perinatal or 
pediatric specialist capable of providing surgical management and 
intervention in utero.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``covered 
beneficiary'' and ``TRICARE program'' have the meanings given those 
terms in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 705. SPECIFICATION THAT INDIVIDUALS UNDER THE AGE OF 21 ARE 
              ELIGIBLE FOR HOSPICE CARE SERVICES UNDER THE TRICARE 
              PROGRAM.

    Section 1079(a)(15) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting before the period at the end the following: ``, except that 
hospice care may be provided to individuals under the age of 21''.

SEC. 706. MODIFICATIONS OF COST-SHARING REQUIREMENTS FOR THE TRICARE 
              PHARMACY BENEFITS PROGRAM AND TREATMENT OF CERTAIN 
              PHARMACEUTICAL AGENTS.

    (a) In General.--Paragraph (6) of section 1074g(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(6)(A) In the case of any of the years 2018 through 2026, the 
cost-sharing amounts under this subsection for eligible covered 
beneficiaries shall be determined in accordance with the following 
table:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     The cost-
             The cost-                sharing                 The cost-
              sharing    The cost-     amount    The cost-     sharing
               amount     sharing    for a 90-    sharing     amount for
             for a 30-   amount for     day      amount for    a 90-day
   ``For:       day       a 30-day   supply of    a 90-day   supply of a
             supply of  supply of a    a mail   supply of a   mail order
              a retail     retail      order     mail order      non-
              generic    formulary    generic    formulary    formulary
                is:         is:         is:         is:          is:
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2018          $10         $28         $10         $28          $54
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2019          $10         $30         $10         $30          $58
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2020          $10         $32         $10         $32          $62
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2021          $11         $34         $11         $34          $66
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2022          $11         $36         $11         $36          $70
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2023          $11         $38         $11         $38          $75
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2024          $12         $40         $12         $40          $80
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2025          $13         $42         $13         $42          $85
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2026          $14         $45         $14         $45          $90
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``(B) For any year after 2026, the cost-sharing amounts under this 
subsection for eligible covered beneficiaries shall be equal to the 
cost-sharing amounts for the previous year adjusted by an amount, if 
any, determined by the Secretary to reflect changes in the costs of 
pharmaceutical agents and prescription dispensing, rounded to the 
nearest dollar.
    ``(C) Notwithstanding subparagraphs (A) and (B), the cost-sharing 
amounts under this subsection for a dependent of a member of the 
uniformed services who dies while on active duty, a member retired 
under chapter 61 of this title, or a dependent of a member retired 
under such chapter shall be equal to the cost-sharing amounts, if any, 
for 2017.''.
    (b) Treatment of Certain Pharmaceutical Agents.--
            (1) Pharmacy benefits program.--Such section is amended by 
        adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(10) Notwithstanding paragraphs (2), (5), and (6), in order to 
encourage the use by covered beneficiaries of pharmaceutical agents 
that provide the greatest value to covered beneficiaries and the 
Department of Defense (as determined by the Secretary, including 
considerations of better care, healthier people, and smarter spending), 
the Secretary may, upon the recommendation of the Pharmacy and 
Therapeutics Committee established under subsection (b) and review by 
the Uniform Formulary Beneficiary Advisory Panel established under 
subsection (c)--
            ``(A) exclude from the pharmacy benefits program any 
        pharmaceutical agent that the Secretary determines provides 
        very little or no value to covered beneficiaries and the 
        Department under the program; and
            ``(B) give preferential status to any non-generic 
        pharmaceutical agent on the uniform formulary by treating it, 
        for purposes of cost-sharing under paragraph (6), as a generic 
        product under the TRICARE retail pharmacy program and mail 
        order pharmacy program.''.
            (2) Medical contracts.--Section 1079 of such title is 
        amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(q) In the case of any pharmaceutical agent (as defined in 
section 1074g(g) of this title) provided under a contract entered into 
under this section by a physician, in an outpatient department of a 
hospital, or otherwise as part of any medical services provided under 
such a contract, the Secretary of Defense may, under regulations 
prescribed by the Secretary, adopt special reimbursement methods, 
amounts, and procedures to encourage the use of high-value products and 
discourage the use of low-value products, as determined by the 
Secretary.''.
            (3) Regulations.--In order to implement expeditiously the 
        reforms authorized by the amendments made by paragraphs (1) and 
        (2), the Secretary of Defense may prescribe such changes to the 
        regulations implementing the TRICARE program (as defined in 
        section 1072 of title 10, United States Code) as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate--
                    (A) by prescribing an interim final rule; and
                    (B) not later than one year after prescribing such 
                interim final rule and considering public comments with 
                respect to such interim final rule, by prescribing a 
                final rule.

SEC. 707. CONSOLIDATION OF COST-SHARING REQUIREMENTS UNDER TRICARE 
              SELECT AND TRICARE PRIME.

    (a) TRICARE Select.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1075 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (c), by striking paragraphs (1) 
                and (2) and inserting the following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) With respect to beneficiaries in the active-duty 
        family member category or the retired category other than 
        beneficiaries described in paragraph (2)(B), the cost-sharing 
        requirements shall be calculated pursuant to subsection (d)(1).
            ``(2)(A) With respect to beneficiaries described in 
        subparagraph (B) in the active-duty family member category or 
        the retired category, the cost-sharing requirements shall be 
        calculated as if the beneficiary were enrolled in TRICARE Extra 
        or TRICARE Standard as if TRICARE Extra or TRICARE Standard, as 
        the case may be, were still being carried out by the Secretary.
            ``(B) Beneficiaries described in this subparagraph are the 
        following beneficiaries:
                    ``(i) Retired members and the family members of 
                such retired members covered by section 1086(c)(1) of 
                this title by reason of being retired under chapter 61 
                of this title or being a dependent of such a retired 
                member.
                    ``(ii) Survivors covered by section 1086(c)(2) of 
                this title.'';
                    (B) by striking subsection (e); and
                    (C) by redesignating subsections (f), (g), and (h) 
                as subsections (e), (f), and (g), respectively.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Subsection (d)(2) of such 
        section is amended by striking ``, and the amounts specified 
        under paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (e),''.
    (b) TRICARE Prime.--Section 1075a(a) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(2) With respect to beneficiaries in the active-duty 
        family member category or the retired category (as described in 
        section 1075(b)(1) of this title) other than beneficiaries 
        described in paragraph (3)(B), the cost-sharing requirements 
        shall be calculated pursuant to subsection (b)(1).''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking subparagraph (B) and 
        inserting the following new subparagraph:
            ``(B) Beneficiaries described in this subparagraph are the 
        following beneficiaries:
                    ``(i) Retired members and the family members of 
                such retired members covered by section 1086(c)(1) of 
                this title by reason of being retired under chapter 61 
                of this title or being a dependent of such a retired 
                member.
                    ``(ii) Survivors covered by section 1086(c)(2) of 
                this title.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on January 1, 2018.

SEC. 708. TRICARE TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Definition of TRICARE Standard.--Paragraph (15) of section 1072 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
            ``(15) The term `TRICARE Standard' means the TRICARE 
        program made available prior to January 1, 2018, covering 
        health benefits contracted for under the authority of section 
        1079(a) or 1086(a) of this title and subject to the same rates 
        and conditions as apply to persons covered under those 
        sections.''.
    (b) Cost-sharing Amounts.--
            (1) TRICARE select.--
                    (A) Allowance of cost-sharing amounts as determined 
                by the secretary.--Subsection (d) of section 1075 of 
                such title is amended by adding at the end the 
                following new paragraph:
    ``(4) The cost-sharing requirements applicable to services not 
specifically addressed in the table set forth in paragraph (1) shall be 
established by the Secretary.''.
                    (B) Modification of reference to ambulance civilian 
                network.--Paragraph (1) of such subsection is amended, 
                in the first column of the table, by striking 
                ``Ambulance civilian network'' and inserting ``Ground 
                ambulance civilian network''.
            (2) TRICARE prime.--
                    (A) Allowance of cost-sharing amounts as determined 
                by the secretary.--Subsection (b) of section 1075a of 
                such title is amended by adding at the end the 
                following new paragraph:
    ``(4) The cost-sharing requirements applicable to services not 
specifically addressed in the table set forth in paragraph (1) shall be 
established by the Secretary.''.
                    (B) Modification of reference to ambulance civilian 
                network.--Paragraph (1) of such section is amended, in 
                the first column of the table, by striking ``Ambulance 
                civilian network'' and inserting ``Ground ambulance 
                civilian network''.
    (c) Medical Care for Dependents.--
            (1) Reference to medically necessary vitamins.--Paragraphs 
        (3) and (18) of section 1077(a) of such title are amended by 
        striking ``subsection (g)'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``subsection (h)''.
            (2) Eligibility of dependents to purchase hearing aids.--
        Section 1077(g) of such title is amended by striking ``of 
        former members of the uniformed services'' and inserting 
        ``eligible for care under this section''.
    (d) Modification of Reference to Fiscal Year.--
            (1) Contracts for medical care for spouses and children.--
        Section 1079(b) such title is amended by striking ``fiscal 
        year'' each place it appears and inserting ``calendar year''.
            (2) Contracts for health benefits for certain members, 
        former members, and their dependents.--Section 1086(b) of such 
        title is amended by striking ``fiscal year'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``calendar year''.
    (e) Referrals and Preauthorizations for TRICARE Prime.--
            (1) Preauthorization for care at residential treatment 
        centers.--Section 1095f(b) of such title is amended by adding 
        at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) Inpatient care at a residential treatment center.''.
            (2) Reference.--Section 1075a(c) of such title is amended 
        by striking ``section 1075f(a)'' and inserting``section 
        1095f(a)''.
    (f) Applicability of Premium for Dependent Coverage.--Section 
1110b(c)(1) of such title is amended by striking ``section 1075 of this 
section'' and inserting ``section 1075 or 1075a of this title, as 
appropriate''.

SEC. 709. CONTRACEPTION COVERAGE PARITY UNDER THE TRICARE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 1074d of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``for 
                Members and Former Members'' after ``Services 
                Available''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``subsection 
                (b)'' and inserting ``subsection (d)'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (d); and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsections:
    ``(b) Care Related to Prevention of Pregnancy.--Female covered 
beneficiaries shall be entitled to care related to the prevention of 
pregnancy described in subsection (d)(3).
    ``(c) Prohibition on Cost-Sharing for Certain Services.--
Notwithstanding section 1074g(a)(6), section 1075, or section 1075a of 
this title or any other provision of law, cost-sharing may not be 
imposed or collected for care related to the prevention of pregnancy 
provided pursuant to subsection (a) or (b), including for any method of 
contraception provided, whether provided through a facility of the 
uniformed services, the TRICARE retail pharmacy program, or the 
national mail-order pharmacy program.''.
    (b) Care Related to Prevention of Pregnancy.--Subsection (d)(3) of 
such section, as redesignated by subsection (a)(2), is further amended 
by inserting before the period at the end the following: ``(including 
all methods of contraception approved by the Food and Drug 
Administration, contraceptive care (including with respect to 
insertion, removal, and follow up), sterilization procedures, and 
patient education and counseling in connection therewith)''.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1077(a)(13) of such title is 
amended by striking ``section 1074d(b)'' and inserting ``section 
1074d(d)''.
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2018.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

SEC. 721. MODIFICATION OF PRIORITY FOR EVALUATION AND TREATMENT OF 
              INDIVIDUALS AT MILITARY TREATMENT FACILITIES.

    Subsection (b) of section 717 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(b) Priority of Covered Beneficiaries.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        evaluation and treatment of covered beneficiaries at military 
        treatment facilities shall be prioritized ahead of the 
        evaluation and treatment of veterans and civilians at such 
        facilities under subsection (a).
            ``(2) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the requirement 
        under paragraph (1) in order to provide timely evaluation and 
        treatment for individuals who are--
                    ``(A) severely wounded or injured by acts of terror 
                that occur in the United States; or
                    ``(B) residents of the United States who are 
                severely wounded or injured by acts of terror outside 
                the United States.''.

SEC. 722. SELECTION OF DIRECTORS OF MILITARY TREATMENT FACILITIES AND 
              TOURS OF DUTY OF SUCH DIRECTORS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than January 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
Defense shall do the following:
            (1) Develop the common qualifications and core competencies 
        required of military and civilian individuals for selection as 
        directors of military treatment facilities.
            (2) Establish a minimum length for the tour of duty of a 
        member of the Armed Forces serving as a director of a military 
        treatment facility.
    (b) Qualifications and Competencies.--
            (1) Standards.--In developing common qualifications and 
        core competencies under subsection (a)(1), the Secretary shall 
        include standards with respect to the following:
                    (A) Professional competence.
                    (B) Moral and ethical integrity and character.
                    (C) Formal education in healthcare executive 
                leadership and healthcare management.
                    (D) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate.
            (2) Objective.--The objective of the Secretary in 
        developing such qualifications and competencies shall be to 
        ensure that the individuals selected as directors of military 
        treatment facilities are highly qualified to serve as health 
        system executives in a medical treatment facility of the Armed 
        Forces.
    (c) Tours of Duty.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), in 
        the case of a director of a military treatment facility who is 
        a member of the Armed Forces, the length of the tour of duty of 
        any such director assigned to such position after January 1, 
        2019, may not be shorter than the longer of--
                    (A) the length established pursuant to subsection 
                (a)(2); or
                    (B) three years.
            (2) Waiver.--The Secretary may authorize a tour of duty of 
        a member of the Armed Forces serving as a director of a 
        military treatment facility of a shorter length than is 
        otherwise provided for in paragraph (1) if the Secretary 
        determines, in the discretion of the Secretary, that there is 
        good cause for a tour of duty in such position of shorter 
        length. Any such determination shall be made on a case-by-case 
        basis.

SEC. 723. CLARIFICATION OF ADMINISTRATION OF MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT 
              FACILITIES.

    Section 1073c(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(E), by striking ``miliary'' and 
        inserting ``military'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
        (A), by striking ``commander of each military medical treatment 
        facility'' and inserting ``military or civilian director of 
        each military medical treatment facility, under the authority, 
        direction, and control of the Director of the Defense Health 
        Agency,''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(4) If the Secretary of Defense determines it appropriate, a 
military director (or any other senior military officer or officers) of 
a military medical treatment facility may be a commanding officer for 
purposes of chapter 47 of this title (the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice) with respect to military personnel assigned to the military 
medical treatment facility.''.

SEC. 724. MODIFICATION OF EXECUTION OF TRICARE CONTRACTING 
              RESPONSIBILITIES.

    Subsection (b) of section 705 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(b) Execution of Contracting Responsibility.--With respect to any 
acquisition of managed care support services under the TRICARE program 
initiated after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018, the Under Secretary of Defense 
for Acquisition and Sustainment shall serve as the authority for 
decisions relating to such acquisition and shall be responsible for 
approving the acquisition strategy and conducting pre-solicitation, 
pre-award, and post-award acquisition reviews.''.

SEC. 725. PILOT PROGRAM ON ESTABLISHMENT OF INTEGRATED HEALTH CARE 
              DELIVERY SYSTEMS.

    (a) In General.--Beginning not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs and the Secretary of Health and 
Human Services, shall carry out a pilot program to establish integrated 
health care delivery systems among the military health system, other 
Federal health systems, and private sector integrated health systems.
    (b) Duration of Pilot Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
carry out the pilot program for a period of not less than five years.
    (c) Implementation of Pilot Program.--
            (1) Establishment of task force.--The Secretary shall 
        establish a multi-disciplinary task force of Federal and 
        private sector health care experts (in this section referred to 
        as the ``Task Force'') to develop a plan to implement the pilot 
        program.
            (2) Membership of task force.--
                    (A) In general.--The Task Force shall be composed 
                of senior health care representatives from--
                            (i) the Department of Defense;
                            (ii) the Department of Veterans Affairs;
                            (iii) the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid 
                        Services;
                            (iv) high-performance, integrated health 
                        systems in the private sector; and
                            (v) health information technology 
                        organizations in the private sector.
                    (B) Additional members.--The Secretary may appoint 
                additional members of the Task Force from the private 
                sector as the Secretary considers appropriate.
            (3) Submittal of plan.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Task Force shall submit 
        to the Secretary an implementation plan for the pilot program.
            (4) Nonapplicability of federal advisory committee act.--
        The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not 
        apply to the Task Force.
    (d) Elements.--The pilot program shall be developed and carried out 
as follows:
            (1) To create high-value integrated health systems that--
                    (A) establish value-based models of reimbursement 
                for health care providers in integrated health care 
                delivery systems to promote medical innovation and 
                create better health value for patients;
                    (B) provide innovative health benefit design 
                solutions to promote effective, efficient, and 
                affordable health care; and
                    (C) tailor case management and care coordination 
                for high-need, high-cost patients.
            (2) To empower health care providers with real-time 
        advanced information technology solutions--
                    (A) to coordinate and manage health care services 
                across the continuum of care; and
                    (B) to leverage sophisticated data capture, cloud 
                computing, and data analytical tools to provide 
                predictive modeling capabilities for health care 
                providers.
            (3) To empower patients with transparent information on 
        health care costs, quality outcomes, and safety within health 
        care provider networks in high-value integrated health systems.
            (4) To provide incentives to patients and health care 
        providers to prevent overuse of low-value health care services.
    (e) Reports.--
            (1) Report on implementation.--Not later than 270 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
        shall transmit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives the implementation plan 
        submitted to the Secretary under subsection (c)(3).
            (2) Final report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than four years after 
                the date that the pilot program begins, the Secretary 
                shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
                Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
                assessing the pilot program.
                    (B) Elements.--The report submitted under 
                subparagraph (A) shall provide the following:
                            (i) An analysis of the impact of the pilot 
                        program on building sustainable integrated 
                        health care delivery systems among the military 
                        health system, other Federal health systems, 
                        and private sector integrated health systems.
                            (ii) A determination of the extent to which 
                        value-based health care reimbursement models 
                        create value for patients and the health 
                        systems participating in the pilot program.
                            (iii) A determination of the extent to 
                        which the use of real-time advanced information 
                        technology solutions--
                                    (I) improves coordination and 
                                management of health care services 
                                across the continuum of care; and
                                    (II) leverages sophisticated data 
                                capture, cloud computing, and data 
                                analytical tools to provide 
                                comprehensive predictive modeling 
                                capabilities for health care providers.
                            (iv) A determination of the extent to which 
                        transparency of health care costs, health care 
                        quality outcomes, and patient safety within 
                        health care provider networks encourages 
                        patients to seek care from health care 
                        providers who provide high-quality health 
                        outcomes at lower cost.
                            (v) A determination of the extent to which 
                        patient and provider incentives prevent overuse 
                        of low-value health services.
                            (vi) A determination of the extent to which 
                        the pilot program should be expanded and 
                        implemented on a permanent basis.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 731. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR JOINT DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-
              DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL FACILITY 
              DEMONSTRATION FUND.

    Section 1704(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2573), as amended by 
section 722 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291), 
section 723 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2016 (Public Law 114-92), and section 741(a) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), is further 
amended by striking ``September 30, 2018'' and inserting ``September 
30, 2019''.

SEC. 732. ADDITIONAL EMERGENCY USES FOR MEDICAL PRODUCTS TO REDUCE 
              DEATHS AND SEVERITY OF INJURIES CAUSED BY AGENTS OF WAR.

    Section 1107a of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Additional Authority to Reduce Deaths and Severity of 
Injuries Caused by Agents of War.--(1) In a case in which an emergency 
use of an unapproved product or an emergency unapproved use of an 
approved product cannot be authorized under section 564 of the Federal 
Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 360bbb-3) because the emergency 
does not involve an actual or threatened attack with a biological, 
chemical, radiological, or nuclear agent or agents, the Secretary of 
Defense may authorize an emergency use outside the United States of the 
product to reduce the number of deaths or the severity of harm to 
members of the armed forces (or individuals associated with deployed 
members of the armed forces) caused by a risk or agent of war.
    ``(2) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, an 
authorization by the Secretary under paragraph (1) shall have the same 
effect with respect to the armed forces as an emergency use 
authorization under section 564 of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic 
Act (21 U.S.C. 360bbb-3).
    ``(3) The Secretary may issue an authorization under paragraph (1) 
with respect to the emergency use of an unapproved product or the 
emergency unapproved use of an approved product only if--
            ``(A) the committee established under paragraph (5) has 
        recommended that the Secretary issue the authorization; and
            ``(B) the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs 
        makes a written determination, after consultation with the 
        Commissioner of Food and Drugs, that, based on the totality of 
        scientific evidence available to the Assistant Secretary, 
        criteria comparable to those specified in section 564(c) of the 
        Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 360bbb-3(c)) 
        have been met.
    ``(4) With respect to the emergency use of an unapproved product or 
the emergency unapproved use of an approved product under this 
subsection, the Secretary of Defense shall establish such scope, 
conditions, and terms under this subsection as the Secretary considers 
appropriate, including scope, conditions, and terms comparable to those 
specified in section 564 of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (21 
U.S.C. 360bbb-3).
    ``(5)(A) There is established in the Department of Defense a 
Department of Defense Emergency Use Authorization Committee (in this 
paragraph referred to as the `Committee') to advise the Assistant 
Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs on proposed authorizations 
under this subsection.
    ``(B) Members of the Committee shall be appointed by the Secretary 
of Defense and shall consist of prominent health care professionals who 
are not employees of the Department of Defense (other than for purposes 
of serving as a member of the Committee).
    ``(C) The Committee may be established as a subcommittee of another 
Federal advisory committee.
    ``(6) In this subsection:
            ``(A) The term `biological product' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 351(i) of the Public Health Service Act 
        (42 U.S.C. 262(i)).
            ``(B) The terms `device' and `drug' have the meanings given 
        those terms in section 201 of the Federal Food, Drug and 
        Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321).
            ``(C) The term `product' means a drug, device, or 
        biological product.
            ``(D) The terms `unapproved product' and `unapproved use of 
        an approved product' have the meanings given those terms in 
        section 564(a)(4) of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act 
        (21 U.S.C. 360bbb-3(a)(4)).''.

SEC. 733. PROHIBITION ON CONDUCT OF CERTAIN MEDICAL RESEARCH AND 
              DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS.

    The Secretary of Defense and each Secretary of a military 
department may not fund or conduct a medical research and development 
project unless the Secretary funding or conducting the project--
            (1) submits to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives a written certification 
        that the project is designed to directly protect, enhance, or 
        restore the health and safety of members of the Armed Forces; 
        and
            (2) does not initiate the funding or conduct of such 
        project until the date that is 90 days after the submittal of 
        such written certification.

SEC. 734. MODIFICATION OF DETERMINATION OF AVERAGE WAIT TIMES AT URGENT 
              CARE CLINICS AND PHARMACIES AT MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT 
              FACILITIES UNDER PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) Urgent Care Clinics.--Subsection (c)(2) of section 744 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
114-328) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(2) Determination.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall determine the average wait time to display 
        under such paragraph by using a formula derived from best 
        practices in the health care industry.''.
    (b) Pharmacies.--Subsection (d)(2) of such section is amended to 
read as follows:
            ``(2) Determination.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall determine the average wait time to display 
        under such paragraph by using a formula derived from best 
        practices in the health care industry.''.

SEC. 735. REPORT ON PLAN TO IMPROVE PEDIATRIC CARE AND RELATED SERVICES 
              FOR CHILDREN OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report setting forth a plan of the Department of 
Defense to improve pediatric care and related services for children of 
members of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) In order to ensure that children receive 
        developmentally-appropriate and age-appropriate health care 
        services from the Department, a plan to align preventive 
        pediatric care under the TRICARE program with--
                    (A) standards for such care as required by the 
                Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Public Law 
                111-148);
                    (B) guidelines established for such care by the 
                Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment 
                program under the Medicaid program carried out under 
                title XIX of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et 
                seq.); and
                    (C) recommendations by organizations that 
                specialize in pediatrics.
            (2) A plan to develop a uniform definition of ``pediatric 
        medical necessity'' for the Department that aligns with 
        recommendations of organizations that specialize in pediatrics 
        in order to ensure that a consistent definition of such term is 
        used in providing health care in military treatment facilities 
        and by health care providers under the TRICARE program.
            (3) A plan to revise certification requirements for 
        residential treatment centers of the Department to expand the 
        access of children of members of the Armed Forces to services 
        at such centers.
            (4) A plan to develop measures to evaluate and improve 
        access to pediatric care, coordination of pediatric care, and 
        health outcomes for such children.
            (5) A plan to include an assessment of access to pediatric 
        specialty care in the annual report to Congress on the 
        effectiveness of the TRICARE program.
            (6) A plan to improve the quality of and access to 
        behavioral health care under the TRICARE program for children 
        of members of the Armed Forces, including intensive outpatient 
        and partial hospitalization services.
            (7) A plan to mitigate the impact of permanent changes of 
        station and other service-related relocations of members of the 
        Armed Forces on the continuity of health care services received 
        by such children who have special medical or behavioral health 
        needs.
            (8) A plan to mitigate deficiencies in data collection, 
        data utilization, and data analysis to improve pediatric care 
        and related services for children of members of the Armed 
        Forces.
    (c) TRICARE Program Defined.--In this section, the term ``TRICARE 
program'' has the meaning given such term in section 1072 of title 10, 
United States Code.

SEC. 736. INCLUSION OF GAMBLING DISORDER IN HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND 
              RELATED RESEARCH EFFORTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Annual Periodic Health Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall incorporate medical screening questions specific to gambling 
disorder into the Annual Periodic Health Assessment (DD Form 3024) 
conducted by the Department of Defense for members of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Research Efforts.--The Secretary shall incorporate into ongoing 
research efforts of the Department questions on gambling disorder, as 
appropriate, including by restoring such questions into the Health 
Related Behaviors Survey of Active Duty Military Personnel.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

             Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

SEC. 801. REPEAL OF TEMPORARY SUSPENSION OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE COMPETITIONS 
              FOR CONVERSION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FUNCTIONS TO 
              PERFORMANCE BY CONTRACTORS.

    Effective as of the date that is one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, section 325 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 
2253) is repealed.

SEC. 802. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS RELATED TO PROGRAM 
              MANAGEMENT PROVISIONS.

    (a) Repeal of Duplicative Provision Related to Program and Project 
Management.--Subsection (c) of section 503 of title 31, United States 
Code, as added by section 861(a)(1) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2298), is repealed.
    (b) Repeal of Duplicative Provision Related to Program Management 
Officers and Program Management Policy Council.--Section 1126 of title 
31, United States Code, as added by section 861(b)(1) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
Stat. 2299), is repealed.
    (c) Repeal of Obsolete Provisions.--Section 861 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
Stat. 2299) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking paragraphs (2) and (3);
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking paragraph (2); and
            (3) by striking subsections (c) and (d).

SEC. 803. SHOULD-COST MANAGEMENT.

    (a) Requirement for Regulations.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall amend 
the Defense Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation to provide 
for the appropriate use of the should-cost review process in a manner 
that is transparent, objective, and provides for the efficiency of the 
systems acquisition process in the Department of the Defense.
    (b) Required Elements.--The regulations required under subsection 
(a) shall incorporate, at a minimum, the following elements:
            (1) A description of the features distinguishing a should-
        cost review and the analysis of program direct and indirect 
        costs.
            (2) Establishment of a process for communicating with the 
        contractor the elements of a proposed should-cost review.
            (3) A method for ensuring that identified should-cost 
        savings opportunities are based on accurate, complete, and 
        current information and are associated with specific 
        engineering or business changes that can be quantified and 
        tracked.
            (4) A description of the training, skills, and experience, 
        including cross functional experience, that Department of 
        Defense and contractor officials carrying out a should-cost 
        review in subsection (a) should possess.
            (5) A method for ensuring appropriate collaboration with 
        the contractor throughout the review process.
            (6) Establishment of review process requirements that 
        provide for sufficient analysis and minimize any impact on 
        program schedule.
            (7) A requirement that any separate audit or review carried 
        out in connection with the should-cost review be provided to 
        the prime contractor under the program.

SEC. 804. CLARIFICATION OF PURPOSE OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall amend the Defense Federal 
Acquisition Regulation as appropriate to provide the following:
            (1) The Defense Acquisition System exists to manage the 
        nation's investments in technologies, programs, and product 
        support necessary to achieve the National Security Strategy and 
        support the United States Armed Forces.
            (2) The investment strategy of the Department of Defense 
        shall be postured to support not only today's force, but also 
        the next force, and future forces beyond that.
            (3) The primary objective of Defense acquisition is to 
        acquire quality products that satisfy user needs with 
        measurable improvements to mission capability and operational 
        support, in a timely manner, and at a fair and reasonable 
        price.

SEC. 805. DEFENSE POLICY ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall form a committee 
of senior executives from United States firms in the national 
technology and industrial base to meet with the Secretary, the 
Secretaries of the military departments, and members of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff to exchange information, including, as appropriate, 
classified information, on technology threats to the national security 
of the United States and on the emerging technologies from the national 
technology and industrial base that may become available to counter 
such threats in a timely manner.
    (b) Meetings.--The defense policy advisory committee on technology 
formed pursuant to subsection (a) shall meet with the Secretary and the 
other Department of Defense officials specified in such subsection 
collectively at least once annually in each of fiscal years 2018 
through 2022. The Secretary of Defense shall provide the congressional 
defense committees annual briefings on the meetings.
    (c) Federal Advisory Committee Act.--The Federal Advisory Committee 
Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the defense policy advisory 
committee on technology established pursuant to this section.

SEC. 806. REPORT ON EXTENSION OF DEVELOPMENT, ACQUISITION, AND 
              SUSTAINMENT AUTHORITIES OF THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS TO 
              THE UNITED STATES SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND.

    (a) Review.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a review of 
the authorities available to the Secretaries of the military 
departments and the acquisition executives of the military departments 
for the development, acquisition, and sustainment of technology, 
equipment, and services for the military departments in order to 
determine the feasibility and advisability of the provision of such 
authorities to the Commander of the United States Special Operations 
Command and the acquisition executive of the Command for the 
development, acquisition, and sustainment of special operations-
peculiar technology, equipment, and services.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
on the review required by subsection (a). The report shall include the 
following:
            (1) A description of the review.
            (2) An identification of the authorities the Secretary 
        recommends for provision to the Commander of the United States 
        Special Operations Command and the acquisition executive of the 
        Command as described in subsection (a), and recommendations for 
        any modifications of such authorities that the Secretary 
        considers appropriate for purposes of the United States Special 
        Operations Command.
            (3) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
        action as the Secretary considers appropriate for the provision 
        of authorities identified pursuant to paragraph (2) as 
        described in subsection (a).
            (4) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate in light of the review.

Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

SEC. 811. WAIVER AUTHORITY FOR PURPOSES OF EXPANDING COMPETITION.

    Section 2304 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(m) In the event the application of any provision of law results 
in only one responsible bidder for a contract, the Secretary of Defense 
may waive such provision of law (other than subsection (c)) for 
purposes of expanding competition for the contract.''.

SEC. 812. INCREASED SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION THRESHOLD APPLICABLE TO 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PROCUREMENTS.

    (a) Increased Simplified Acquisition Threshold.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 2339a. Simplified acquisition threshold
    ``Notwithstanding section 134 of title 41, the simplified 
acquisition threshold for the Department of Defense for purposes of 
such section is $250,000.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new item:

``2339a. Simplified acquisition threshold.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 134 of title 41, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``In division B'' and inserting ``Except 
as provided in section 2339a of title 10, in division B''.

SEC. 813. INCREASED THRESHOLD FOR COST OR PRICING DATA AND TRUTH IN 
              NEGOTIATIONS REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 2306a of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``$500,000'' each place it appears and inserting 
``$1,000,000''.

SEC. 814. CONTRACT AUTHORITY FOR ADVANCED DEVELOPMENT OF INITIAL OR 
              ADDITIONAL PROTOTYPE UNITS.

    (a) Permanent Authority.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 2302d the following 
        new section:
``Sec. 2302e. Contract authority for advanced development of initial or 
              additional prototype units
    ``(a) Authority.--A contract initially awarded from the competitive 
selection of a proposal resulting from a general solicitation referred 
to in section 2302(2)(B) of this title may contain a contract line item 
or contract option for--
            ``(1) the provision of advanced component development, 
        prototype, or initial production of technology developed under 
        the contract; or
            ``(2) the delivery of initial or additional items if the 
        item or a prototype thereof is created as the result of work 
        performed under the contract.
    ``(b) Limitations.--
            ``(1) Minimal amount.--A contract line item or contract 
        option described in subsection (a)(2) shall require the 
        delivery of the minimal amount of initial or additional items 
        to allow for the timely competitive solicitation and award of a 
        follow-on development or production contract for those items.
            ``(2) Term.--A contract line item or contract option 
        described in subsection (a) shall be for a term of not more 
        than 2 years.
            ``(3) Dollar value of work.--The dollar value of the work 
        to be performed pursuant to a contract line item or contract 
        option described in subsection (a) may not exceed the amount of 
        expenditure consistent with a major system, as defined in 
        section 2302d of this title.
            ``(4) Applicability.--The authority provided in subsection 
        (a) applies only to the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of 
        the Army, the Secretary of the Navy, and the Secretary of the 
        Air Force.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 2302d the following new item:

``2302e. Contract authority for advanced development of initial or 
                            additional prototype units.''.
    (b) Modification of Competitive Procedures Definition.--Section 
2302(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``basic research proposals'' and inserting ``proposals for basic 
research, applied research, advanced research, or development 
projects''.
    (c) Repeal of Obsolete Authority.--Section 819 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 107-314; 10 
U.S.C. 2302 note) is hereby repealed.

SEC. 815. TREATMENT OF INDEPENDENT RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT COSTS ON 
              CERTAIN CONTRACTS.

    (a) Threshold for Establishing Advisory Panel Related to Goal for 
Reimbursable Bid and Proposal Costs.--Section 2372a(d)(1) of title 10, 
United States Code, as added by section 824(b)(1) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), is 
amended by striking ``If the Department of Defense exceeds the goal 
established under subsection (c) for a fiscal year, within 180 days 
after exceeding the goal'' and inserting ``If the amount of 
reimbursable bid and proposal costs paid by the Department of Defense 
for a fiscal year exceeds .75 percent of the total aggregate industry 
sales to the Department for such fiscal year, within 180 days of 
exceeding such threshold''.
    (b) Independent Research and Development Costs: Allowable Costs.--
Section 2372(d) of title 10, United States Code, as amended by section 
824(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2017 (Public Law 114-328), is further amended by striking ``subsection 
(c)(3)(A)'' and inserting ``subsection (c)(2)(A)''.

SEC. 816. NON-TRADITIONAL CONTRACTOR DEFINITION.

    Section 2302(9) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``means an entity that is not currently performing'' and 
inserting ``means a specific business unit or function with a unique 
entity identifier that is not currently performing''.

SEC. 817. REPEAL OF DOMESTIC SOURCE RESTRICTION RELATED TO WEARABLE 
              ELECTRONICS.

    Section 2533a(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``(excluding wearable electronics)'' after ``Hand or 
measuring tools''.

SEC. 818. USE OF OUTCOME-BASED AND PERFORMANCE-BASED REQUIREMENTS FOR 
              SERVICES CONTRACTS.

    (a) Justification Requirement for Use of Personnel and Labor Hour 
Requirements.--The Department of Defense may not enter into a contract 
for the procurement of services valued in excess of $10,000,000 based 
on specific descriptive personnel and labor hour requirements unless 
the program manager and contracting officer first submit to the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment a written 
justification including the reasons for basing the contract on those 
requirements instead of outcome- or performance-based requirements.
    (b) Comptroller General Report.--Not later than two years after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
United States shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on justifications submitted pursuant to subsection (a). The 
report shall review the adequacy of the justifications and identify any 
reoccurring obstacles to the use of outcome- and performance-based 
requirements instead of specified personnel and labor hour requirements 
for purposes of awarding services contracts.
    (c) Sunset.--The requirements under this section shall terminate at 
the close of September 30, 2022.

SEC. 819. PILOT PROGRAM FOR LONGER TERM MULTIYEAR SERVICE CONTRACTS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may use the authority 
under subsection (a) of section 2306c of title 10, United States Code, 
to enter into up to five contracts for periods of not more than 10 
years for services described in subsection (b) of such section. Each 
contract entered into pursuant to this subsection may be extended for 
up to five additional one-year terms.
    (b) Study.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall enter 
        into an agreement with an independent organization with 
        relevant expertise to study best practices and lessons learned 
        from using services contracts for periods longer than five 
        years by commercial companies, foreign governments, and State 
        governments, as well as service contracts for periods longer 
        than five years used by the Federal Government, such as Energy 
        Savings Performance Contracts.
            (2) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a report on the study 
        conducted under paragraph (1).
    (c) Comptroller General Report.--Not later than two years after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
United States shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on the pilot program carried out under this section.

SEC. 820. IDENTIFICATION OF COMMERCIAL SERVICES.

    Section 876 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2311) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Not later than'' and inserting ``(a) In 
        General.--Not later than''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b) Identification of Industry Subcategories.--In preparing the 
guidance required under subsection (a), the Secretary shall identify 
those industry subcategories in facilities-related services, knowledge-
based services (except engineering services), construction services, 
medical services, or transportation services in which there are 
significant numbers of commercial services providers able to meet the 
requirements of the Department of Defense.''.

SEC. 821. GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE BID PROTEST REFORMS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, as 
amended by section 812, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:
``Sec. 2340. Government Accountability Office bid protests
    ``(a) Payment of Costs for Denied Protests.--
            ``(1) In general.--A contractor who files a protest 
        described under paragraph (2) with the Government 
        Accountability Office on a contract with the Department of 
        Defense shall pay to the Department of Defense costs incurred 
        for processing a protest at the Government Accountability 
        Office and the Department of Defense.
            ``(2) Covered protests.--A protest described under this 
        paragraph is a protest--
                    ``(A) all of the elements of which are denied in an 
                opinion issued by the Government Accountability Office; 
                and
                    ``(B) filed by a party with revenues in excess of 
                $100,000,000 during the previous year.
    ``(b) Withholding of Payments Above Incurred Costs of Incumbent 
Contractors.--
            ``(1) In general.--Contractors who file a protest on a 
        contract on which they are the incumbent contractor shall have 
        all payments above incurred costs withheld on any bridge 
        contracts or temporary contract extensions awarded to the 
        contractor as a result of a delay in award resulting from the 
        filing of such protest.
            ``(2) Disposition of withheld payments above incurred 
        costs.--
                    ``(A) Release to incumbent contractor.--All 
                payments above incurred costs of a protesting incumbent 
                contractor withheld pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be 
                released to the protesting incumbent contractor if--
                            ``(i) the solicitation that is the subject 
                        of the protest is cancelled and no subsequent 
                        request for proposal is released or planned for 
                        release; or
                            ``(ii) if the Government Accountability 
                        Office issues an opinion that upholds any of 
                        the protest grounds filed under the protest.
                    ``(B) Release to awardee.--Except for the 
                exceptions set forth in subparagraph (A), all payments 
                above incurred costs of a protesting incumbent 
                contractor withheld pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be 
                released to the contractor that was awarded the 
                protested contract prior to the protest.
                    ``(C) Release to department of defense in event of 
                no contract award.--Except for the exceptions set forth 
                in subparagraph (A), if a protested contract for which 
                payments above incurred costs are withheld under 
                paragraph (1) is not awarded to a contractor, the 
                withheld payments shall be released to the Department 
                of Defense and deposited into an account that can be 
                used by the Department to offset costs associated with 
                Government Accountability Office bid protests.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for such chapter, as 
amended by section 812(a)(2) of this Act, is further amended by 
inserting after the item relating to section 2339a the following new 
item:

``2340. Government Accountability Office bid protests.''.

SEC. 822. ENHANCED POST-AWARD DEBRIEFING RIGHTS.

    (a) Release of Contract Award Information.--Not later than 120 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall revise the Department of Defense Supplement to the Federal 
Acquisition Regulation to require that all required post-award 
debriefings must provide detailed and comprehensive statements of the 
agency's rating for each evaluation criteria and of the agency's 
overall award decision. With regard to protecting the confidential and 
proprietary information of other offerors, the revision shall encourage 
the release to the company of all information that otherwise would be 
releaseable in the course of a bid protest challenge to an award. At a 
minimum, the revisions shall include--
            (1) a requirement for disclosure of the agency's written 
        source selection award determination, redacted if necessary to 
        protect other offerors' confidential and proprietary 
        information;
            (2) a requirement for a combined written and oral 
        debriefing for all contract awards and task or delivery orders 
        valued at $10,000,000 or higher;
            (3) a requirement for an option, at an offerors' election, 
        for access to an unredacted copy of the source selection award 
        determination and the supporting agency record for outside 
        counsel or other appropriate outside representative for all 
        contract awards and task or delivery orders valued at 
        $10,000,000 or higher;
            (4) provisions ensuring that both losing and winning 
        offerors are entitled to the applicable enhanced post-award 
        debriefing rights; and
            (5) robust procedures, consistent with section 
        2305(b)(5)(C) of title 10, United States Code, and section 
        15.506(e) of the Federal Acquisition Regulation, to protect the 
        confidential and proprietary information of other offerors.
    (b) Opportunity for Follow-up Questions.--Section 2305(b)(5) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (C), (D), and (E) as 
        subparagraphs (D), (E), and (F), respectively;
            (2) in subparagraph (B)--
                    (A) in clause (v), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                    (B) in clause (vi), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new clause:
                    ``(vii) an opportunity for a disappointed offeror 
                to submit within two business days of receiving a post-
                award debriefing additional, follow-up questions 
                related to the debriefing.''; and
            (3) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following new 
        subparagraph:
            ``(C) The agency shall respond in writing to additional, 
        follow-up questions submitted under subparagraph (B) within 
        five business days. The debriefing will not be considered 
        concluded until the agency delivers its written responses to 
        the disappointed offeror.''.
    (c) Commencement of Post-briefing Period.--Section 3553(d)(4) of 
title 31, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as clauses 
        (i) and (ii) respectively;
            (2) by striking ``The period'' and inserting ``(A) The 
        period''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(B) For procurements conducted by any component of the 
        Department of Defense, the five-day post-debriefing period does 
        not commence until the day the Government delivers to a 
        disappointed offeror the written responses to any questions 
        submitted pursuant to section 2305(5)(B)(vii) of title 10.''.
    (d) Decisions on Protests.--Section 3554(a)(1) of title 31, United 
States Code, is amended by striking the period at the end and inserting 
the following: ``for all protests arising from agencies outside the 
Department of Defense and within 65 days after the date the protest is 
submitted to the Comptroller General for all protests arising from the 
Department of Defense and its subordinate agencies. In protests arising 
from the Department of Defense and its subordinate agencies which 
present unusually complex issues or large agency records, the 
Comptroller General may extend the time for decision but in no event 
later than 100 days after the protest is submitted.''.

SEC. 823. LIMITATION ON UNILATERAL DEFINITIZATION.

    (a) Limitation.--Section 2326 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended --
            (1) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), 
        (h), and (i) as subsections (d), (e), (f), (g), (h), (i), and 
        (j) respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(c) Limitation on Unilateral Definitization by the Contracting 
Officer.--The following limitation applies to all undefinitized 
contractual actions with a not to exceed value of $50,000,000 or 
greater:
            ``(1) If agreement is not reached on contractual terms, 
        specifications, and price by a date certain, as required under 
        subsection (b)(1), the contracting officer may not unilaterally 
        definitize those terms, specifications and price over the 
        objection of the contractor until--
                    ``(A) the head of the agency approves the 
                definitization in writing;
                    ``(B) the contracting officer provides the written 
                approval to the contractor; and
                    ``(C) the head of the agency notifies the 
                congressional defense committees of the approval.
            ``(2) The contract modification unilaterally definitizing 
        the action shall not take effect until 60 calendar days after 
        the congressional defense committees have been notified under 
        subparagraph (C) of such paragraph.''.
    (b) Conforming Regulations.--Not later than 120 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall revise the 
Department of Defense Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulations 
to conform with the amendments made by subsection (a).

SEC. 824. RESTRICTION ON USE OF REVERSE AUCTIONS AND LOWEST PRICE 
              TECHNICALLY ACCEPTABLE CONTRACTING METHODS FOR SAFETY 
              EQUIPMENT.

    (a) In General.--Section 814 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``and safety 
        equipment'' after ``personal protective equipment''; and
            (2) by inserting ``and safety equipment'' after ``personal 
        protective equipment''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--The tables of sections in section 2(b) 
of such Act and at the beginning of title VIII of such Act are amended 
in the item relating to section 814 by inserting ``and safety 
equipment'' after ``personal protective equipment''.

SEC. 825. USE OF LOWEST PRICE TECHNICALLY ACCEPTABLE SOURCE SELECTION 
              PROCESS.

    (a) Additional Requirements.--Subsection (b) of section 813 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
114-328) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (5), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
        semicolon;
            (2) in paragraph (6), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(7) the Department of Defense would not realize any 
        additional innovation or future technological advantage by 
        using a different methodology; and
            ``(8) the items procured are predominantly expendable in 
        nature, non-technical, or a short life expectancy or short 
        shelf life.''.
    (b) Reporting Requirement.--Subsection (d) of such section is 
amended by striking ``contract exceeding $10,000,000'' and inserting 
``contract exceeding $5,000,000''.

SEC. 826. MIDDLE TIER OF ACQUISITION FOR RAPID PROTOTYPE AND RAPID 
              FIELDING.

    (a) Elimination of Cost-sharing Requirement.--Section 804(c)(2) of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking subparagraph (C); and
            (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) and (E) as 
        subparagraphs (C) and (D), respectively.
    (b) Use of Simplified Procedures.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Defense Acquisition 
Regulation Supplement shall be amended to provide for special 
simplified procedures for purchases of property and services under the 
rapid prototyping and rapid fielding programs established under section 
804 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
(Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note).

SEC. 827. ELIMINATION OF COST UNDERRUNS AS FACTOR IN CALCULATION OF 
              PENALTIES FOR COST OVERRUNS.

    (a) In General.--Section 828 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``fiscal year 2015'' and 
        inserting ``fiscal years 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or underrun'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``or underruns'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) by striking ``and cost underruns''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``or underruns''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (4), by striking ``, except that 
                the cost overrun penalty may not be a negative 
                amount''; and
            (3) in subsection (c), by striking ``each fiscal year 
        beginning with fiscal year 2015'' and inserting ``fiscal years 
        2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022''.
    (b) Prior Fiscal Years.--The requirements of section 828 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note), as in effect on the day before the date 
of the enactment of this Act, shall continue to apply with respect to 
fiscal years beginning on or before October 1, 2016.

SEC. 828. CONTRACT CLOSEOUT AUTHORITY.

    Section 836(b)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2286) is amended by 
striking ``entered into prior to fiscal year 2000'' and inserting 
``entered into at least 17 years before the current fiscal year''.

SEC. 829. SERVICE CONTRACTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Inclusion of Certain Information in Future-years Defense 
Program.--Each future-years defense program submitted to Congress 
pursuant to section 221of title 10, United States Code, for a fiscal 
year after fiscal year 2018 shall include an estimate of the cost and 
number of service contracts of the Department of Defense for each 
fiscal year covered by the future-years defense program. The estimate 
shall be set forth for the Department of Defense as a whole and 
separately for each department, agency, organization, and element of 
the Department anticipated to use service contracts during the fiscal 
years covered by the future-years defense program concerned.
    (b) Requirement for Certification and Briefing.--No study or 
competition regarding a public-private competition for the conversion 
to performance by a contractor for any function performed by Department 
of Defense civilian employees may be begun or announced pursuant to 
section 2461 of title 10, United States Code, or otherwise pursuant to 
Office of Management and Budget Circular A-76, until such time as--
            (1) the future-years defense program submitted to Congress 
        includes the information described in subsection (a); or
            (2) the Secretary of Defense certifies that the Department 
        has a plan to provide such information by the next fiscal year.

SEC. 830. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTOR WORKPLACE SAFETY AND 
              ACCOUNTABILITY.

    (a) Identification of Known Workplace Safety and Health 
Violations.--
            (1) In general.--A contracting officer, prior to awarding 
        or renewing a covered contract, shall, as part of the 
        responsibility determination, consider any identified 
        violations of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 
        (29 U.S.C. 651 et seq.) or equivalent State laws by the 
        offeror, and by any covered subcontractors.
            (2) Responsibility determination.--The contracting officer 
        shall consider violations described in paragraph (1) in 
        determining whether the offeror is a responsible source with a 
        satisfactory record of performance that meets mission and 
        ethical standards.
            (3) Referral of information to suspension and debarment 
        officials.--As appropriate, a contracting officer shall refer 
        matters related to violations described in paragraph (1) to the 
        Department of Defense's suspension and debarment official in 
        accordance with Department procedures.
    (b) Contractor Rights.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
policies and practices--
            (1) ensuring that when making responsibility 
        determinations, contracting officers request that contractors 
        provide any and all information the contractors deem necessary 
        to demonstrate responsibility prior to final determinations;
            (2) establishing mechanisms for contractors to have an 
        expedited process to review any information used to support 
        determinations of non-responsibility; and
            (3) establishing mechanisms for contractors to have an 
        expedited process to appeal determinations of non-
        responsibility.
    (c) Protest Rights.--The Secretary of Defense shall protect the 
rights of contractors to protest bids and appeal actions taken pursuant 
to this section.
    (d) Training and Guidance.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop 
and provide clear training and guidance to acquisition officials, 
contracting officers, and current and potential contractors regarding 
implementation policies and practices for this section.
    (e) Comptroller General Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
        United States shall submit to the Department of Defense and the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the health and 
        safety records of Department of Defense contractors.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following elements:
                    (A) A description of the Department of Defense's 
                existing procedures to evaluate the safety and health 
                records of current and prospective contractors.
                    (B) An evaluation of the Department's adherence to 
                those procedures.
                    (C) An assessment of the current incidence of 
                health and safety violations by Department contractors.
                    (D) An assessment of whether the Department of 
                Labor has the resources to investigate and identify 
                safety and health violations by Department of Defense 
                contractors.
                    (E) An assessment of whether the Department of 
                Labor should consider assuming an expanded 
                investigatory role or a targeted enforcement program 
                for ensuring the safety and health of workers under 
                Department of Defense contracts.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Covered contract.--The term ``covered contract'' means 
        a Department of Defense contract for the procurement of 
        property or services, including construction, valued in excess 
        of $1,000,000.
            (2) Covered subcontractor.--The term ``covered 
        subcontractor'' means a subcontractor listed in the bid for a 
        covered contract or known by the Department of Defense to be a 
        subcontractor of the offeror.

SEC. 831. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PROMOTION OF CONTRACTOR COMPLIANCE WITH 
              EXISTING LAW.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Department of Defense should aim to ensure that 
        parties contracting with the Federal Government abide by 
        existing law, including worker protection laws;
            (2) worker protection laws, including chapter 43 of title 
        38, United States Code (commonly known as the ``Uniformed 
        Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994'' or 
        ``USERRA'') and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 
        U.S.C. 12101 et seq.), were enacted to ensure equitable 
        workplace practices;
            (3) identifying and helping to improve the compliance of 
        contractors with worker protection violations will help avoid 
        setbacks and delays stemming from contracting with noncompliant 
        contractors; and
            (4) the Secretary of Defense has the authority to ensure 
        contractors' compliance with existing laws and should establish 
        a goal to work with responsible contractors who are in 
        compliance with worker protection laws.

 Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

SEC. 835. REVISIONS TO DEFINITION OF MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAM.

    Section 2430(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by inserting ``in the case of a 
        program that is not a program for the acquisition of an 
        automated information system (either a product or a service),'' 
        after ``(B)''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``does not include an acquisition 
                program'' and inserting the following: ``does not 
                include--
            ``(A) an acquisition program''; and
                    (B) by striking the period at the end and inserting 
                the following: ``; or
            ``(B) an acquisition program for a defense business system 
        (as defined in section 2222(i)(1) of this title) carried out 
        using the acquisition guidance issued pursuant to section 
        883(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2223a note).''.

SEC. 836. PROHIBITION ON USE OF LOWEST PRICE TECHNICALLY ACCEPTABLE 
              SOURCE SELECTION PROCESS FOR MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION 
              PROGRAMS.

    (a) Prohibition.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 144 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 2441 the following 
        new section:
``Sec. 2442. Prohibition on use of lowest price technically acceptable 
              source selection process
    ``(a) In General.--The Department of Defense shall not use a lowest 
price technically acceptable source selection process for the 
development contract of a major defense acquisition program.
    ``(b) Notification.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a notification of the source 
selection process that the Department of Defense plans to use for the 
development contract of a major defense acquisition program.
    ``(2) The notification required under paragraph (1) shall be 
submitted at the same time that the President submits under section 
1105 of title 31 the budget in which budget authority is requested for 
the development contract of a major defense acquisition program. If the 
Department of Defense has not yet determined the source selection 
process for the development contract at the time that budget authority 
for the development contract is requested, the Department of Defense 
shall submit the notification not later than 30 days before release of 
the request for proposals for the development contract.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Lowest price technically acceptable source selection 
        process.--The term `lowest price technically acceptable source 
        selection process' has the meaning given that term in part 15 
        of the Federal Acquisition Regulation.
            ``(2) Major defense acquisition program.--The term `major 
        defense acquisition program' has the meaning given that term in 
        section 2430 of this title.
            ``(3) Development contract.--The term `development 
        contract' means a prime contract for the development of a major 
        defense acquisition program.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 2441 the following new item:

``2442. Prohibition on use of lowest price technically acceptable 
                            source selection process.''.
    (b) Applicability.--The requirements of section 2442 of title 10, 
United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall apply to major 
defense acquisition programs for which budgetary authority is requested 
for fiscal year 2019 or a subsequent fiscal year.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Related to Acquisition Workforce

SEC. 841. TRAINING IN COMMERCIAL ITEMS PROCUREMENT.

    (a) Training.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the President of the Defense Acquisition 
University shall establish a comprehensive training program on part 12 
of the Federal Acquisition Regulation. The training shall cover, at a 
minimum, the following topics:
            (1) The origin of part 12 and the congressional mandate to 
        prefer commercial procurements.
            (2) The definition of a commercial item, with a particular 
        focus on the ``of a type'' concept.
            (3) Price analysis and negotiations.
            (4) Market research and analysis.
            (5) Independent cost estimates.
            (6) Parametric estimating methods.
            (7) Value analysis.
            (8) Best practices in pricing from commercial sector 
        organizations, foreign government organizations, and other 
        Federal, state, and local public sectors organizations.
            (9) Other topics on commercial procurements necessary to 
        ensure a well-educated acquisition workforce.
    (b) Enrollments Goals.--The President of the Defense Acquisition 
University shall set goals for student enrollment for the comprehensive 
training program established under subsection (a).
    (c) Supporting Activities.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
establish, in support of the achievement of the goals of this section--
            (1) a university research program to engage academic 
        experts on research topics of interest to improve commercial 
        item identification and pricing methodologies; and
            (2) a set of exchange and interface opportunities between 
        government personnel experts to increase awareness of best 
        practices and challenges in commercial item identification and 
        pricing.
    (d) Funding.--The Secretary of Defense shall use amounts available 
in the Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund 
established under section 1705 of title 10, United States Code, to fund 
the comprehensive training program established under subsection (a).

SEC. 842. MODIFICATION OF DEFINITION OF ACQUISITION WORKFORCE TO 
              INCLUDE PERSONNEL ENGAGED IN THE ACQUISITION OR 
              DEVELOPMENT OF CYBERSECURITY SYSTEMS.

    Section 1705(h)(2)(A) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(i)'' after ``(A)'';
            (2) by striking ``; and'' and inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new clause:
                    ``(ii) are engaged in the acquisition or 
                development of systems relating to cybersecurity; 
                and''.

SEC. 843. TRAINING AND SUPPORT FOR PROGRAMS PURSUING AGILE ACQUISITION 
              METHODS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the President of the Defense Acquisition University, shall establish an 
in-resident targeted training course at the Defense Acquisition 
University on Agile Acquisition.
    (b) Course Components.--The course shall include the following 
elements:
            (1) Training designed to instill a common understanding of 
        all functional roles and dependencies involved in developing 
        and producing a capability using Agile processes.
            (2) An exercise involving teams composed of personnel from 
        pertinent functions and functional organizations engaged in 
        developing an integrated Agile Acquisition approach for a 
        specific program.
    (c) Course Attendance.--The course shall be--
            (1) available for certified acquisition personnel from all 
        program offices using Agile Acquisition methods; and
            (2) mandatory for personnel from other relevant 
        organizations in each of the military services and Defense 
        Agencies, including organizations responsible for engineering, 
        budgeting, contracting, test and evaluation, requirements 
        validation, and certification and accreditation, that support 
        those program offices.
    (d) Agile Acquisition Coach.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary and the senior acquisition 
        executives in each of the military services and Defense 
        Agencies, in coordination with the Director of the Defense 
        Digital Service, shall ensure that program offices pursuing 
        Agile Acquisition methods have access to an Agile Acquisition 
        coach.
            (2) Expertise.--The Agile Acquisition coach shall possess 
        expertise in--
                    (A) commercial Agile Acquisition methods; and
                    (B) the acquisition system and processes of the 
                Department of Defense.
            (3) Duties.--The Agile Acquisition coach shall--
                    (A) assist program offices, supporting stakeholder 
                organizations, and personnel in properly applying Agile 
                Acquisition methods; and
                    (B) notify the appropriate acquisition authorities 
                if programs are deviating from best practices or are 
                not receiving appropriate support from stakeholder 
                organizations, in a manner or to a degree that 
                threatens the success of the program.
    (e) Agile Acquisition Research Program.--The President of the 
Defense Acquisition University shall establish a research program to 
conduct research on and development of Agile Acquisition practices and 
tools best tailored to meet the mission needs of the Department of 
Defense.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section the term ``Agile Acquisition''--
            (1) means acquisition pursuant to a methodology for 
        delivering multiple, rapid, incremental capabilities to the 
        user for operational use, evaluation, and feedback; and
            (2) involves--
                    (A) the incremental development and fielding of 
                capabilities, commonly called ``spirals'', ``spins'', 
                or ``sprints'', which can be measured in a few weeks or 
                months; and
                    (B) continuous participation and collaboration by 
                users, testers, and requirements authorities.

SEC. 844. CREDITS TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION WORKFORCE 
              DEVELOPMENT FUND.

    Section 1705(d)(2)(D) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
to read as follows:
            ``(D) The Secretary of Defense may adjust the amount 
        specified in subparagraph (C) for a fiscal year if the 
        Secretary determines that the amount is greater or less than 
        reasonably needed for purposes of the Fund for such fiscal 
        year. The Secretary may not adjust the amount for a fiscal year 
        to an amount that is more than $600,000,000 or less than 
        $400,000,000.''.

           Subtitle E--Provisions Related to Commercial Items

SEC. 851. MODIFICATION TO DEFINITION OF COMMERCIAL ITEMS.

    Section 2376 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ```commercial item',''; 
        and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) The term `commercial item' has the meaning given the 
        term in section 103 of title 41, except that it does not 
        include an item referred to in paragraph (3)(B) of such section 
        if, after the minor modifications made to meet Federal 
        Government requirements referred to in such paragraph, the item 
        includes a preponderance of government-unique functions or 
        essential characteristics.''.

SEC. 852. REVISION TO DEFINITION OF COMMERCIAL ITEM.

    Section 103(8) of title 41, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``to multiple State and local governments'' and inserting ``to 
multiple State, local, or foreign governments''.

SEC. 853. COMMERCIAL ITEM DETERMINATIONS.

    Section 2380 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting ``(a) In 
        General.--The Secretary''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b) Items Previously Acquired Using Commercial Item Acquisition 
Procedures.--
            ``(1) Determinations.--A contract or subcontract for an 
        item using commercial item acquisition procedures under part 12 
        of the Federal Acquisition Regulation shall serve as a prior 
        commercial item determination with respect to such item for 
        purposes of this chapter unless the Secretary of Defense 
        determines in writing that it is no longer cost-effective to 
        procure the item using commercial item acquisition procedures.
            ``(2) Limitation.--(A) Except as provided under 
        subparagraph (B), funds appropriated or otherwise made 
        available to the Department of Defense may not be used for the 
        procurement under part 15 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation 
        of an item that was previously acquired using commercial item 
        acquisition procedures under part 12 of the Federal Acquisition 
        Regulation.
            ``(B) The limitation under subparagraph (A) does not apply 
        to the procurement of an item that was previously acquired 
        using commercial item acquisition procedures under part 12 of 
        the Federal Acquisition Regulation following--
                    ``(i) a written determination by the head of 
                contracting activity pursuant to section 2306a(b)(4)(B) 
                of this title that the use of such procedures was 
                improper; or
                    ``(ii) a written determination by the Secretary of 
                Defense that it is no longer cost-effective to procure 
                the item using such procedures.''.

SEC. 854. PREFERENCE FOR ACQUISITION OF COMMERCIAL ITEMS.

    Section 2377(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (6) as 
        subparagraphs (A) through (F), respectively, and moving such 
        subparagraphs, as so redesignated, two ems to the right;
            (2) by striking ``The head'' and inserting ``(1) The 
        head''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) The preference for the acquisition of commercial items and 
nondevelopmental items under this section shall take priority over any 
small business set-aside program, and shall require, to the maximum 
extent practicable, the acquisition of commercial items or 
nondevelopmental items other than commercial items in accordance with 
the terms of this section. If the requirements of an agency with 
respect to a procurement of supplies or services can be met with 
commercial items or nondevelopmental items other than commercial items 
provided by a small business concern, the small business concern may be 
awarded the contract in accordance with the requirements of a set-aside 
program.''.

SEC. 855. INAPPLICABLE LAWS AND REGULATIONS.

    (a) Review of Determinations Not to Exempt Department of Defense 
Contracts for Commercial Items and Commercially Available Off-the-shelf 
Items From Certain Laws and Regulations.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) review each determination of the Federal Acquisition 
        Regulatory Council pursuant to section 1906(b)(2), section 
        1906(c)(3), or section 1907(a)(2) of title 41, United States 
        Code, not to exempt contracts and subcontracts described in 
        subsection (a) of section 2375 of title 10, United States Code, 
        from laws such contracts and subcontracts would otherwise be 
        exempt from under section 1906(d) of title 41, United States 
        Code; and
            (2) revise the Department of Defense Supplement to the 
        Federal Acquisition Regulation to provide an exemption from 
        each law subject to such determination unless the Secretary 
        determines there is a specific reason not to provide the 
        exemption.
    (b) Elimination of Certain Contract Clause Requirements Applicable 
to Commercial Item Contracts.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall revise the 
Department of Defense Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation 
to eliminate all regulations promulgated after the date of the 
enactment of the Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act of 1994 (Public 
Law 103-355) that require a specific contract clause for a contract 
using commercial item acquisition procedures under part 12 of the 
Federal Acquisition Regulation, except for regulations required by law 
or that the Secretary determines are vital to national security.
    (c) Elimination of Certain Contract Clause Requirements Applicable 
to Commercially Available Off-the-shelf Item Subcontracts.--Not later 
than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense shall revise the Department of Defense Supplement 
to the Federal Acquisition Regulation to eliminate all requirements for 
a prime contractor to include a specific contract clause in a 
subcontract for commercially available off-the-shelf items unless the 
inclusion of such clause is required by law or is necessary for the 
contractor to meet the requirements of the prime contract.

                  Subtitle F--Industrial Base Matters

SEC. 861. REVIEW REGARDING APPLICABILITY OF FOREIGN OWNERSHIP, CONTROL, 
              OR INFLUENCE REQUIREMENTS OF NATIONAL SECURITY INDUSTRIAL 
              PROGRAM TO NATIONAL TECHNOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL BASE 
              COMPANIES.

    (a) Review.--The Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence of the 
Secretary of State, shall review whether companies whose ownership or 
majority control is based in countries that are part of the national 
technology and industrial base should be exempted from the foreign 
ownership, control, or influence (FOCI) requirements of the National 
Security Industrial Program.
    (b) Authority.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may establish a 
        program to carry out the exemption process described under 
        subsection (a). Under the program, the Secretary, with the 
        concurrence of the Secretary of State, shall maintain a list of 
        companies owned or controlled by countries that are part of the 
        national technology and industrial base that are eligible for 
        exemption from the requirements described under such 
        subsection.
            (2) Determinations of eligibility.--The Secretary of 
        Defense, with the concurrence of the Secretary of State, may 
        designate a company under paragraph (1) as exempt from the 
        requirements described under subsection (a) upon a 
        determination that such exemption--
                    (A) is beneficial to improving collaboration within 
                countries participating in the national technology and 
                industrial base;
                    (B) is in the United States national security 
                interest; and
                    (C) will not result in a greater risk of the 
                disclosure of classified or sensitive information 
                consistent with the National Security Industrial 
                Program.
            (3) Exercise of authority.--The authority under paragraph 
        (1) to exempt a listed company from the requirements described 
        under subsection (a) may be exercised beginning on the date 
        that is the later of--
                    (A) the date that is 60 days after the Secretary of 
                Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of State, 
                submits to the congressional defense committees a 
                report summarizing the review conducted under such 
                subsection; and
                    (B) the date that is 30 days after the Secretary of 
                Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of State, 
                submits to the congressional defense committees a 
                written notification of a determination under paragraph 
                (2) to exempt the company from such requirements, 
                including a discussion of the issues related to the 
                foreign ownership or control of the company that were 
                considered as part of the determination.
    (c) National Technology and Industrial Base Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``national technology and industrial base'' has the 
meaning given the term in section 2500 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 862. PILOT PROGRAM ON STRENGTHENING MANUFACTURING IN DEFENSE 
              INDUSTRIAL BASE.

    (a) Pilot Program Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry 
out a pilot program to assess the feasibility and advisability of 
increasing the capability of the defense industrial base to support--
            (1) production needs to meet military requirements; and
            (2) manufacturing and production of emerging defense and 
        commercial technologies of military value.
    (b) Authorities.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot program 
under the following:
            (1) The Defense Production Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. 4501 et 
        seq.).
            (2) Chapters 137 and 139 and sections 2371, 2371b, and 2373 
        of title 10, United States Code.
            (3) Such other legal authorities as the Secretary considers 
        applicable to carrying out the pilot program.
    (c) Activities.--Activities under the pilot program may include the 
following:
            (1) Use of contracts, grants, or other transaction 
        authorities to support manufacturing and production 
        capabilities in small and medium sized manufacturers.
            (2) Purchases of quantities of goods or equipment for 
        testing and qualification purposes.
            (3) Purchase commitments to create incentives for industry 
        to develop manufacturing and production capabilities of 
        interest to national security, including cost sharing with 
        funding from nongovernmental sources.
            (4) Issuing loans directly to small and medium sized 
        enterprises to support manufacturing and production 
        capabilities.
            (5) Guaranteeing loans to enable small and medium sized 
        manufacturers to obtain private sector loans to support 
        manufacturing and production capabilities in areas of national 
        security interest.
            (6) Giving awards to third party entities to support 
        investments in small and medium sized manufacturers working in 
        areas of national security interest, including activities to 
        support debt and equity investments that would benefit missions 
        of the Department of Defense.
            (7) Such other activities as the Secretary determines 
        necessary.
    (d) Termination.--The pilot program shall terminate on the date 
that is five years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 863. SUNSET OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS RELATING TO THE INDUSTRIAL BASE.

    (a) Miscellaneous Limitations on the Procurement of Goods Other 
Than United States Goods.--Section 2534 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(k) Sunset on Certain Restrictions.--The restriction under 
subsection (a) relative to the procurement of the items set forth in 
paragraphs (1) through (4) of such subsection shall terminate on the 
close of September 30, 2018.''.
    (b) Photovoltaic Devices.--Section 858 of the Carl Levin and Howard 
P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2015 (Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 2534 note) is amended by adding at 
the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Sunset.--This section shall terminate on the close of 
September 30, 2018.''.

             Subtitle G--International Contracting Matters

SEC. 865. PROCUREMENT EXCEPTION RELATING TO AGREEMENTS WITH FOREIGN 
              GOVERNMENTS.

    Section 2533a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``subsections (c) 
        through (h)'' and inserting ``subsections (c) through (i)'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (i), (j), and (k) as 
        subsections (j), (k), and (l), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (h) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(i) Exception Relating to Agreements With Foreign Governments.--
Subsection (a) does not preclude the acquisition of items described in 
subsection (b) as part of a weapon system if the acquisition is 
necessary in furtherance of an agreement with a foreign government in 
which both governments agree to remove barriers to purchases of 
supplies produced in the other country or services performed by sources 
of the other country.''.

SEC. 866. APPLICABILITY OF COST AND PRICING DATA CERTIFICATION 
              REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 2306a(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; or'' and inserting 
        a semicolon;
            (2) in subparagraph (D)(ii), by striking the period at the 
        end and inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(E) for a foreign military sale where there is 
                already an existing Government contract--
                            ``(i) for the same or similar item or 
                        service; and
                            ``(ii) for which the Government has current 
                        cost and pricing data and insights into the 
                        reasonableness of price.''.

SEC. 867. ENHANCING PROGRAM LICENSING.

    (a) In General.--Not later than September 30, 2019, the Secretary 
of Defense, with the concurrence of the Secretary of State, shall 
establish a structure for implementing a revised program export 
licensing framework intended to provide comprehensive export licensing 
authorization to support large international cooperative defense 
programs between multiple nations and determine what, if any, 
regulatory authorities require modification.
    (b) Sustainment.--The licensing framework established under 
subsection (a) shall require a program license for the future 
sustainment of all international cooperative defense programs comprised 
of more than five nations. The program license shall be finalized prior 
to the sustainment phase of that program's acquisition lifecycle.

                     Subtitle H--Other Transactions

SEC. 871. OTHER TRANSACTION AUTHORITY.

    (a) Expanded Authority for Prototype Projects.--Subsection (a) of 
section 2371b of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(1) Subject'' and inserting ``Subject''; 
        and
            (2) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3).
    (b) Modification of Cost Sharing Requirement for Use of Other 
Transaction Authority.--Subsection (d)(1) of such section is amended by 
striking subparagraph (C) and inserting the following new subparagraph:
            ``(C) At least one third of the total cost of the prototype 
        project is to be paid out of funds provided by sources other 
        than the Federal Government.''.
    (c) Use of Other Transaction Authority for Ongoing Prototype 
Projects.--Subsection (f)(1) of such section is amended by adding at 
the end the following: ``A transaction includes all individual 
prototype sub-projects awarded under the transaction to a consortium of 
United States industry and academic institutions.''.

SEC. 872. EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR TRANSACTIONS OTHER THAN CONTRACTS 
              AND GRANTS.

    Section 2371 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(g) Education and Training.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that management, technical, and contracting personnel of the 
Department involved in the award and administration of transactions 
under this section or other innovative forms of contracting are 
afforded adequate education and training.''.

SEC. 873. PREFERENCE FOR USE OF OTHER TRANSACTIONS AND EXPERIMENTAL 
              AUTHORITY.

    In the execution of science and technology and prototyping 
programs, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a preference for 
using transactions other than contracts, cooperative agreements, and 
grants entered into pursuant to sections 2371 and 2371b of title 10, 
United States Code, and authority for procurement for experimental 
purposes pursuant to section 2373 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 874. METHODS FOR ENTERING INTO RESEARCH AGREEMENTS.

    Section 2358(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``or'';
            (2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(5) by transactions other than contracts, cooperative 
        agreements, and grants entered into pursuant to sections 2371 
        and 2371b of this title; or
            ``(6) by procurement for experimental purposes pursuant to 
        section 2373 of this title.''.

   Subtitle I--Development and Acquisition of Software Intensive and 
                     Digital Products and Services

SEC. 881. RIGHTS IN TECHNICAL DATA.

    (a) Modification of Definition of Technical Data.--Paragraph (4) of 
section 2302 of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(4) The term `technical data'--
                    ``(A) means recorded information (regardless of the 
                form or method of the recording) of a scientific or 
                technical nature relating to supplies procured by an 
                agency;
                    ``(B) with respect to software, includes everything 
                required to reproduce, build/recompile, test, and 
                deploy working system binaries on system hardware, 
                including all source code, revision histories, build 
                scripts, build/compilation/modification instructions/
                procedures, documentation, test cases, expected test 
                results, compilers, interpreters, test harnesses, 
                specialized build and test hardware, connectors, 
                cables, and library dependencies; and
                    ``(C) does not include computer software incidental 
                to contract administration or financial, 
                administrative, cost or pricing, or management data or 
                other information incidental to contract 
                administration.''.
    (b) Rights in Technical Data.--Section 2320(a)(2) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subparagraph:
            ``(J) The Secretary of Defense shall require the following 
        with respect to software delivery:
                    ``(i) Software shall be delivered in native 
                electronic format.
                    ``(ii) Builds must not be dependent upon pre-
                defined build directories.
                    ``(iii) In the case of licensing restrictions that 
                do not allow library dependency inclusion, verified 
                accessible repositories and revision history shall be 
                documented and included.
                    ``(iv) Commercial Off-The Shelf/Non-Development 
                Item (COTS/NDI) shall be delivered on original Licensed 
                Media. If firmware is part of the delivery, then a 
                Firmware Support Manual should be included as an 
                Appendix.''.

SEC. 882. DEFENSE INNOVATION BOARD ANALYSIS OF SOFTWARE ACQUISITION 
              REGULATIONS.

    (a) Study.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall task 
        the Defense Innovation Board to undertake a study on 
        streamlining software development and acquisition regulations.
            (2) Member participation.--The Chairman of the Defense 
        Innovation Board shall select appropriate members from the 
        membership of the Board to participate in this study, and may 
        recommend additional temporary members or contracted support 
        personnel to the Secretary of Defense for the purposes of this 
        study. In considering additional appointments to the study, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall ensure that members have significant 
        technical, legislative, or regulatory expertise and reflect 
        diverse experiences in the public and private sector.
            (3) Scope.--The study conducted pursuant to paragraph (1) 
        shall--
                    (A) review the acquisition regulations applicable 
                to the Department of Defense with a view toward 
                streamlining and improving the efficiency and 
                effectiveness of software acquisition in order to 
                maintain defense technology advantage;
                    (B) produce specific and detailed recommendations 
                for any legislation, including the amendment or repeal 
                of regulations, that the members of the Board 
                conducting the study determine necessary to--
                            (i) streamline development and procurement 
                        of software;
                            (ii) adopt best practices from the private 
                        sector applicable to government use;
                            (iii) promote rapid adoption of new 
                        technology;
                            (iv) ensure continuing financial and 
                        ethical integrity in procurement; and
                            (v) protect the best interests of the 
                        Department of Defense; and
                    (C) produce such additional recommendations for 
                legislation as such members consider appropriate.
            (4) Consultation on major program realignment.--The 
        Secretary of Defense shall consult with the Defense Innovation 
        Board in conducting activities under the major program 
        realignment pilot program established pursuant to section 873. 
        The Secretary shall provide the Board with timely access to all 
        information necessary for the Board to provide such 
        consultation and report on the major program realignment.
            (5) Access to information.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        provide the Defense Innovation Board with timely access to 
        appropriate information, data, resources, and analysis so that 
        the Board may conduct a thorough and independent analysis as 
        required under this subsection.
    (b) Reports.--
            (1) Interim reports.--Not later than 150 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall submit a report to or brief the congressional defense 
        committees on the interim findings of the study conducted 
        pursuant to subsection (a). The Defense Innovation Board shall 
        provide regular updates to the Secretary of Defense and the 
        congressional defense committees for purposes of providing the 
        interim report
            (2) Final report.--Not later than one year after the 
        Secretary of Defense tasks the Defense Advisory Board to 
        conduct the study, the Board shall transmit a final report of 
        the study to the Secretary. Not later than 30 days after 
        receiving the final report, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        transmit the final report, together with such comments as the 
        Secretary determines appropriate, to the congressional defense 
        committees.

SEC. 883. PILOT TO TAILOR SOFTWARE-INTENSIVE MAJOR PROGRAMS TO USE 
              AGILE METHODS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the Secretaries and Chiefs of the military services, shall identify one 
major program per service and one defense-wide program for tailoring 
into smaller increments. The programs shall be selected from among 
those designated as major defense acquisition programs and those 
formerly designated as major automated information systems (excluding 
defense business systems).
    (b) Program Selection Criteria.--In identifying candidate programs, 
the Secretary shall prioritize programs that--
            (1) are software intensive;
            (2) have identified software development as a risk;
            (3) have experienced cost growth and schedule delay; and
            (4) did not deliver any operational capability within the 
        prior calendar year.
    (c) Realignment Plan.--The Secretary of Defense shall finalize a 
realignment plan within 60 days of programs being identified under 
subsection (a) that provides for the realigned program increments 
having a cost below the cost threshold for designation as a major 
acquisition.
    (d) Realignment Execution.--Each realigned program increment 
shall--
            (1) be designed to deliver a meaningfully useful capability 
        within the first 180 days following realignment;
            (2) be designed to deliver subsequent meaningfully useful 
        capabilities on timeframes of less than 180 days;
            (3) incorporate cross-functional teams focused on software 
        production that prioritize user needs and control of total cost 
        of ownership;
            (4) be staffed with highly qualified technically trained 
        staff and personnel with management and business process 
        expertise in leadership positions to support requirements 
        modification, acquisition strategy, and program decisionmaking;
            (5) ensure that realigned acquisition strategies are broad 
        enough to allow offerors to propose a service, system, modified 
        business practice, configuration of personnel, or combination 
        thereof as a solution;
            (6) include periodic engagement with the user community, as 
        well as representation by the user community in program 
        management and software production activity;
            (7) ensure realigned acquisition strategies favor outcomes-
        based requirements definition and capability as a service, 
        including the establishment of technical evaluation criteria as 
        outcomes to be used to drive service-level agreements with 
        vendors; and
            (8) consider options for termination of the relationship 
        with any vendor unable or unwilling to offer terms that meet 
        the requirements of this section.
    (e) Consultation.--In conducting the program selection and 
tailoring under this section, the Secretary shall--
            (1) use the tools, resources, and expertise of digital and 
        innovation organizations resident in the Department, such as 
        the Defense Innovation Board, the Defense Innovation Unit 
        Experimental, the Defense Science Board, the Defense Digital 
        Services, federally funded research and development centers, 
        research laboratories, and other technical, management, and 
        acquisition experts;
            (2) use the digital development and acquisition expertise 
        of the General Services Administration's Technology Transition 
        Service, Office of 18F; and
            (3) leverage the science, technology, and innovation 
        activities established pursuant to section 217 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-
        92; 10 U.S.C. 2445a note).
    (f) Agile Acquisition Defined.--In this section, the term ``agile 
acquisition''--
            (1) means acquisition pursuant to a methodology for 
        delivering multiple, rapid, incremental capabilities to the 
        user for operational use, evaluation, and feedback; and
            (2) involves--
                    (A) the incremental development and fielding of 
                capabilities, commonly called ``spirals'', ``spins'', 
                or ``sprints'', which can be measured in a few weeks or 
                months; and
                    (B) continuous participation and collaboration by 
                users, testers, and requirements authorities.

SEC. 884. REVIEW AND REALIGNMENT OF DEFENSE BUSINESS SYSTEMS TO 
              EMPHASIZE AGILE METHODS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the Chief Information Officers and Chief Management Officers of the 
military services, shall conduct a comprehensive assessment of 
investments in defense business systems and prioritize no fewer than 
four and up to eight such systems for realignment and restructuring 
into smaller increments and the incorporation of agile acquisition 
methods.
    (b) Program Assessment Elements.--The assessment under subsection 
(a) shall include the following:
            (1) A comparison of investments in business systems across 
        the Department of Defense within each business system portfolio 
        category, such as personnel and pay systems, accounting and 
        financial systems, and contracting and procurement systems.
            (2) Identification of opportunities to rationalize 
        requirements across investments within a business system 
        portfolio.
            (3) Identification of programs within business system 
        portfolio categories that are most closely following the best 
        acquisition practices for software intensive systems.
    (c) Program Realignment Selection Criteria.--In identifying 
programs for potential realignment, the Secretary of Defense shall 
prioritize programs that--
            (1) did not deliver any operational capability within the 
        prior calendar year;
            (2) have experienced cost growth and schedule delay; and
            (3) have similar user requirements to a better performing 
        program within the same business system portfolio category.
    (d) Realignment Plan.--The Secretary of Defense shall finalize a 
realignment plan within 60 days of programs being identified under 
subsection (c).
    (e) Realignment Execution.--Each realigned program increment 
shall--
            (1) be designed to deliver a meaningfully useful capability 
        within the first 180 days following realignment;
            (2) be designed to deliver subsequent meaningfully useful 
        capabilities on timeframes of less than 180 days;
            (3) incorporate cross-functional teams focused on software 
        production that prioritize user needs and control of total cost 
        of ownership;
            (4) be staffed with highly qualified technically trained 
        staff and personnel with management and business process 
        expertise in leadership positions to support requirements 
        modification, acquisition strategy, and program decision 
        making;
            (5) ensure that realigned acquisition strategies are broad 
        enough to allow offerors to propose a service, system, modified 
        business practice, configuration of personnel, or combination 
        thereof as a solution;
            (6) include periodic engagement with the user community as 
        well as representation by the user community in program 
        management and software production activity;
            (7) ensure realigned acquisition strategies favor outcomes-
        based requirements definition and capability as a service, 
        including the establishment of technical evaluation criteria as 
        outcomes to be used to drive service-level-agreements with 
        vendors; and
            (8) consider options for termination of the relationship 
        with any vendor unable or unwilling to offer terms that meet 
        the requirements of this section.
    (f) Consultation.--In conducting the program selection and 
realignments under this section, the Secretary shall--
            (1) use the tools, resources, and expertise of digital and 
        innovation organizations resident in the Department, such as 
        the Defense Innovation Board, the Defense Innovation Unit 
        Experimental, the Defense Science Board, the Defense Business 
        Board, the Defense Digital Services, federally funded research 
        and development centers, research laboratories, and other 
        technical, management, and acquisition experts;
            (2) use the digital development and acquisition expertise 
        of the General Services Administration's Technology Transition 
        Service, Office of 18F; and
            (3) leverage the science, technology, and innovation 
        activities established pursuant to section 217 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-
        92; 10 U.S.C. 2445a note).
    (g) Agile Acquisition Defined.--In this section, the term ``agile 
acquisition''--
            (1) means acquisition pursuant to a methodology for 
        delivering multiple, rapid, incremental capabilities to the 
        user for operational use, evaluation, and feedback; and
            (2) involves--
                    (A) the incremental development and fielding of 
                capabilities, commonly called ``spirals'', ``spins'', 
                or ``sprints'', which can be measured in a few weeks or 
                months; and
                    (B) continuous participation and collaboration by 
                users, testers, and requirements authorities.

SEC. 885. SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT PILOT USING AGILE BEST PRACTICES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall identify no fewer 
than four and up to eight software development activities within the 
Department of Defense or military departments to be developed using 
modern agile acquisition methods.
    (b) Streamlined Processes.--Software development activities 
identified under subsection (a) shall be developed without 
incorporation of the following contract or transaction requirements:
            (1) Earned Value Management (EVM) or EVM-like reporting.
            (2) Development of Integrated Master Schedule.
            (3) Development of Integrated Master Plan.
            (4) Development of Technical Requirement Document.
            (5) Development of Systems Requirement Documents.
            (6) Use of Information Technology Infrastructure Library 
        agreements.
            (7) Use of Software Development Life Cycle (methodology).
    (c) Roles and Responsibilities.--
            (1) In general.--Selected activities shall include the 
        following roles and responsibilities:
                    (A) A program manager that is empowered to make all 
                programmatic decisions within the overarching activity 
                objectives, including resources, funding, personnel, 
                and contract or transaction termination 
                recommendations.
                    (B) A product owner that reports directly to the 
                program manager and is responsible for the overall 
                design of the product, prioritization of roadmap 
                elements and interpretation of their acceptance 
                criteria, and prioritization of the list of all 
                features desired in the product.
                    (C) An engineering lead that reports directly to 
                the program manager and is responsible for the 
                implementation and operation of the software.
                    (D) A design lead that reports directly to the 
                program manager and is responsible for identifying, 
                communicating, and visualizing user needs through a 
                human centered design process.
            (2) Qualifications.--The Secretary shall establish 
        qualifications for personnel filling these positions prior to 
        their selection. The qualifications may not include a positive 
        education requirement and must be based on technical expertise 
        or experience in delivery of software products, to include 
        agile concepts.
            (3) Coordination plan for testing and certification 
        organizations.--The program manager shall ensure resources for 
        test and certification organizations support of iterative 
        development processes.
    (d) Plan.--The Secretary of Defense or designee shall develop a 
plan for each selected activity under the pilot to include the 
following elements:
            (1) Definition of a product vision, identifying a succinct, 
        clearly defined need the software will address.
            (2) Definition of a product road map, outlining a 
        noncontractual plan that identifies short-term and long-term 
        product goals and specific technology solutions to help meet 
        those goals and adjusts to mission and user needs at the 
        product owner's discretion.
            (3) The use of a Broad Agency Announcement, Other 
        Transaction Authority, or other rapid merit-based solicitation 
        procedure.
            (4) Identification of, and continuous engagement with, end 
        users.
            (5) Frequent and iterative end user validation of features 
        and usability consistent with the principles outlined in the 
        Digital Services Playbook.
            (6) Use of commercial best practices for advanced computing 
        systems, including, where applicable--
                    (A) Automated Testing, Integration, and Deployment;
                    (B) compliance with applicable commercial 
                accessibility standards;
                    (C) capability to support modern versions of 
                multiple, common web browsers;
                    (D) capability to be viewable across commonly used 
                end user devices, including mobile devices; and
                    (E) built-in application monitoring.
    (e) Program Schedule.--The Secretary shall ensure that each 
selected activity includes--
            (1) award processes that take no longer than 3 months after 
        a requirement is identified;
            (2) planned frequent and iterative end user validation of 
        implemented features and their usability;
            (3) delivery of a functional prototype or minimally viable 
        product in 3 months or less from award; and
            (4) follow-on delivery of iterative development cycles no 
        longer than 4 weeks apart, including security testing and 
        configuration management as applicable.
    (f) Oversight Metrics.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
selected activities--
            (1) use a modern tracking tool to execute requirements 
        backlog tracking; and
            (2) use agile development metrics that, at a minimum, 
        track--
                    (A) pace of work accomplishment;
                    (B) completeness of scope of testing activities 
                (such as code coverage, fault tolerance, and boundary 
                testing);
                    (C) product quality attributes (such as major and 
                minor defects and measures of key performance 
                attributes and quality attributes);
                    (D) delivery progress relative to the current 
                product roadmap; and
                    (E) goals for each iteration.
    (g) Data Rights.--
            (1) Unclassified software.--
                    (A) Department of defense rights.--The Department 
                of Defense shall obtain sufficient data rights for 
                unclassified software so that all custom computer 
                software developed under the pilot activities are 
                managed as open source software.
                    (B) Public availability.--The contractor shall 
                publicly develop and release the source code for 
                unclassified custom software in a public repository 
                with a license through which the copyright holder 
                provides the rights to use, study, reuse, modify, 
                enhance, and distribute the software to anyone and for 
                any purpose.
            (2) Other software.--For all other custom software 
        delivered under the pilot activities, the Department of Defense 
        shall obtain sufficient data rights to enable a third party, 
        other than the pilot contractor, to continue development and 
        maintenance activities throughout the program lifecycle.
    (h) Restrictions.--
            (1) Use of funds.--No funds made available for the selected 
        activities may be expended on estimation or evaluation using 
        source lines of code methodologies.
            (2) Contract types.--The Secretary of Defense may not use 
        lowest price technically acceptable contracting methods or cost 
        plus contracts to carry out selected activities under this 
        section, and shall encourage the use of existing streamlined 
        and flexible contracting arrangements.
    (i) Consultation.--In executing the software development activities 
under subsection (a), the Secretary shall--
            (1) use the tools, resources, and expertise of digital and 
        innovation organizations resident in the Department, such as 
        the Defense Innovation Board, the Defense Innovation Unit 
        Experimental, the Defense Science Board, the Defense Business 
        Board, the Defense Digital Services, federally funded research 
        and development centers, research laboratories, and other 
        technical, management, and acquisition experts; and
            (2) use, as appropriate, the digital development and 
        acquisition expertise of the General Services Administration.
    (j) Reports.--
            (1) Software development activity commencement.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 30 days before the 
                commencement of a software development activity under 
                subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to the 
                congressional defense committees a report on the pilot 
                activity.
                    (B) Elements.--The report on a pilot activity under 
                this paragraph shall set forth a description of the 
                pilot activity, including the following information:
                            (i) The purpose of the pilot activity.
                            (ii) The duration of the pilot activity.
                            (iii) The efficiencies and benefits 
                        anticipated to accrue to the Government under 
                        the pilot program.
            (2) Software development activity completion.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the 
                completion of a pilot activity, the Secretary shall 
                submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
                on the pilot activity.
                    (B) Elements.--The report on a pilot activity under 
                this paragraph shall include the following elements:
                            (i) A description of results of the pilot 
                        activity.
                            (ii) Such recommendations for legislative 
                        or administrative action as the Secretary 
                        considers appropriate in light of the pilot 
                        activity.
    (k) Agile Acquisition Defined.--In this section, the term ``agile 
acquisition''--
            (1) means acquisition pursuant to a methodology for 
        delivering multiple, rapid, incremental capabilities to the 
        user for operational use, evaluation, and feedback; and
            (2) involves--
                    (A) the incremental development and fielding of 
                capabilities, commonly called ``spirals'', ``spins'', 
                or ``sprints'', which can be measured in a few weeks or 
                months; and
                    (B) continuous participation and collaboration by 
                users, testers, and requirements authorities.

SEC. 886. USE OF OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE.

    (a) Open Source Software.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 2320 the following 
        new section:
``Sec. 2320a. Use of open source software
    ``(a) Software Development.--All unclassified custom-developed 
computer software and related technical data that is not a defense 
article regulated pursuant to section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act 
(22 U.S.C. 2778) and that is developed under a contract or other 
transaction awarded by the Department of Defense on or after the date 
that is 180 days after the date of the enactment of this section shall 
be managed as open source software unless specifically waived by the 
service acquisition executive.
    ``(b) Release of Software in Public Repository.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall require the contractor to release source code and related 
technical data described under subsection (a) in a public repository 
approved by the Department of Defense, subject to a license through 
which the copyright holder provides the rights to use, study, reuse, 
modify, enhance, and distribute the software to anyone and for any 
purpose.
    ``(c) Applicability to Existing Software.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall, where appropriate--
            ``(1) apply open source licenses to existing custom-
        developed computer software; and
            ``(2) release related source code and technical data in a 
        public repository location approved by the Department of 
        Defense.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Custom-developed computer software.--The term 
        `custom-developed computer software' means human-readable 
        source code, including segregable portions thereof, that is 
        first produced in the performance of a Department of Defense 
        contract or other transaction, or is otherwise fully funded by 
        the Federal Government.
            ``(2) Technical data.--The term `technical data' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 2302 of this title.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by adding after the item 
        relating to section 2320 the following new item:

``2320a. Use of open source software.''.
    (b) Prize Competition.--The Secretary of Defense shall create a 
prize for a research and develop program or other activity for 
identifying, capturing, and storing existing Department of Defense 
custom-developed computer software and related technical data. The 
Secretary of Defense shall create an additional prize for improving, 
repurposing, or reusing software to better support the Department of 
Defense mission. The prize programs shall be conducted in accordance 
with section 2374a of title 10, United States Code.
    (c) Reverse Engineering.--The Secretary of Defense shall task the 
Defense Advanced Research Program Agency with a project to identify 
methods to locate and reverse engineer Department of Defense custom-
developed computer software and related technical data for which source 
code is unavailable.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Custom-developed computer software.--The term ``custom-
        developed computer software'' means human-readable source code, 
        including segregable portions thereof, that is first produced 
        in the performance of a Department of Defense contract or other 
        transaction, or is otherwise fully funded by the Federal 
        Government.
            (2) Technical data.--The term ``technical data'' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 2302 of title 10, United 
        States Code.
    (e) Regulations.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall amend the Defense 
Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement to carry out this section and 
the amendments made by this section.

                       Subtitle J--Other Matters

SEC. 891. IMPROVED TRANSPARENCY AND OVERSIGHT OVER DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION 
              EFFORTS AND PROCUREMENT ACTIVITIES RELATED TO MEDICAL 
              RESEARCH.

    The Secretary of Defense may not enter into a contract, grant, or 
cooperative agreement for congressional special interest medical 
research programs under the congressionally directed medical research 
program of the Department of Defense unless the contract, grant, or 
cooperative agreement meets the following conditions:
            (1) Compliance with the cost and price data requirements 
        under section 2306a of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) Compliance with the cost accounting standards under 
        section 1502 of title 41, United States Code.
            (3) Compliance with requirements for full and open 
        competition under section 2304 of title 10, United States Code, 
        without reliance on one of the exceptions set forth in 
        subsection (c) of such section.

SEC. 892. RIGHTS IN TECHNICAL DATA RELATED TO MEDICAL RESEARCH.

    The Secretary of Defense may not enter into a contract, grant, or 
cooperative agreement for congressional special interest medical 
research programs under the congressionally directed medical research 
program of the Department of Defense unless the contract, grant, or 
cooperative agreement provides that the United States Government will 
have the same rights to the technical data to an item or process 
developed under the contract, grant, or cooperative agreement as 
applicable under section 2320(a)(2)(A) of title 10, United States Code, 
to items and processes developed exclusively with Federal funds where 
the medical research results in medicines and other treatments that 
will be procured or otherwise paid for by the Federal Government 
through the Department of Defense, the Department of Veterans Affairs, 
Medicare, Medicaid, or other Federal Government health programs.

SEC. 893. OVERSIGHT, AUDIT, AND CERTIFICATION FROM THE DEFENSE CONTRACT 
              AUDIT AGENCY FOR PROCUREMENT ACTIVITIES RELATED TO 
              MEDICAL RESEARCH.

    The Secretary of Defense may not enter into a contract, grant, or 
cooperative agreement for congressional special interest medical 
research programs under the congressionally directed medical research 
program of the Department of Defense unless the contract, grant, or 
cooperative agreement meets the following conditions:
            (1) Prior to obligation of any funds, review by and 
        certification from the Defense Contract Audit Agency regarding 
        the adequacy of the accounting systems of the proposed awardee, 
        including a forward pricing review of the awardee's proposal.
            (2) Prior to any payment on the contract, grant, or 
        cooperative agreement, performance by the Defense Contract 
        Audit Agency of an incurred cost audit.

SEC. 894. REQUIREMENTS FOR DEFENSE CONTRACT AUDIT AGENCY REPORT.

    Subparagraph (E) of section 2313a(a)(2) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:
                    ``(E) the total number and dollar value of audits 
                that are pending for a period longer than 18 months as 
                of the end of the fiscal year covered by the report, 
                including a breakdown by type of audit;''.

SEC. 895. PROTOTYPE PROJECTS TO DIGITIZE DEFENSE ACQUISITION 
              REGULATIONS, POLICIES, AND GUIDANCE, AND EMPOWER USER 
              TAILORING OF ACQUISITION PROCESS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall conduct 
development efforts to develop prototypes to digitize defense 
acquisition regulations, policies, and guidance and to develop a 
digital decision support tool that facilitates the ability of users to 
tailor programs in accordance with existing laws, regulations, and 
guidance.
    (b) Elements.--Under the prototype projects, the Secretary shall--
            (1) convert existing acquisition policies, guides, memos, 
        templates, and reports to an online, interactive digital format 
        to create a dynamic, integrated, and authoritative knowledge 
        environment for purposes of assisting program managers and the 
        acquisition workforce of the Department of Defense to navigate 
        the complex lifecycle for each major type of acquisition 
        program or activity of the Department;
            (2) as part of this digital environment, create a digital 
        decision support capability that uses decision trees and 
        tailored acquisition models to assist users to develop 
        strategies and facilitate coordination and approvals; and
            (3) as part of this environment, establish a foundational 
        data layer to enable advanced data analytics on the acquisition 
        enterprise of the Department, to include business process 
        reengineering to improve productivity.
    (c) Use of Prototypes in Acquisition Activities.--The Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall encourage the 
use of these prototypes to model, develop, and test any procedures, 
policies, instructions, or other forms of direction and guidance that 
may be required to support acquisition training, practices, and 
policies of the Department of Defense.
    (d) Funding.--The Secretary may use the authority under section 
1705(e)(4)(B) of title 10, United States Code, to develop acquisition 
support prototypes and tools under this program.

SEC. 896. PILOT PROGRAM FOR ADOPTION OF ACQUISITION STRATEGY FOR 
              DEFENSE BASE ACT INSURANCE.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a pilot 
program for the United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) for 
purposes of adopting an acquisition strategy for insurance required by 
the Defense Base Act (42 U.S.C. 1651 et seq.) in order to minimize the 
cost of such insurance to the Department of Defense.
    (b) Criteria.--The pilot program acquisition strategy developed 
pursuant to subsection (a) shall address the following criteria:
            (1) Minimize overhead costs associated with obtaining 
        insurance required by the Defense Base Act, such as direct or 
        indirect costs for contract management and contract 
        administration.
            (2) Minimize costs for coverage of such insurance 
        consistent with realistic assumptions regarding the likelihood 
        of incurred claims by contractors of the Department and USACE.
            (3) Provide for a correlation of premiums paid in relation 
        to claims incurred that is modeled on best practices in 
        government and industry for similar kinds of insurance.
            (4) Provide for a competitive marketplace for insurance 
        required by the Defense Base Act to the maximum extent 
        practicable.
    (c) Single Contract.--
            (1) In general.--In adopting the pilot program acquisition 
        strategy pursuant to subsection (a), the Secretary shall enter 
        into a single Defense Base Act insurance contract for USACE for 
        contracts involving performance in all theaters, and 
        potentially including combat operations.
            (2) Scope.--The contract shall extend to all categories of 
        insurance coverage, including construction, aviation, security, 
        and services contracts.
            (3) Term.--The contract entered into under this subsection 
        shall be in effect for at least 3 years, or as considered 
        appropriate by the Secretary.
    (d) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the pilot program 
        and the acquisition strategy adopted pursuant to subsection 
        (a).
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall include--
                    (A) a discussion of each of the options considered 
                and the extent to which each option addresses the 
                criteria identified under subsection (b); and
                    (B) a plan to implement within 18 months after the 
                date of enactment of this Act the acquisition strategy 
                adopted by the Secretary.
    (e) Review and Renewal of Pilot Program and Acquisition Strategy.--
The Secretary shall review the pilot program and may renew the program, 
provided that the objectives have been reached.

SEC. 897. PHASE III AWARDS.

    Section 9(r)(4) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(r)(4)) is 
amended by striking ``shall issue Phase III awards'' and inserting the 
following: ``shall--
                    ``(A) consider an award under the SBIR program or 
                the STTR program to satisfy the requirements under 
                section 2304 of title 10, United States Code, and any 
                other applicable competition requirements; and
                    ``(B) issue, without further justification, Phase 
                III awards''.

SEC. 898. PILOT PROGRAM FOR STREAMLINED TECHNOLOGY TRANSITION FROM THE 
              SBIR AND STTR PROGRAMS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section--
            (1) the terms ``commercialization'', ``Federal agency'', 
        ``Phase I'', ``Phase II'', ``Phase III'', ``SBIR'', and 
        ``STTR'' have the meanings given those terms in section 9(e) of 
        the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(e));
            (2) the term ``covered small business concern'' means--
                    (A) a small business concern that completed a Phase 
                II award under the SBIR or STTR program of the 
                Department; or
                    (B) a small business concern that--
                            (i) completed a Phase I award under the 
                        SBIR or STTR program of the Department; and
                            (ii) a contracting officer for the 
                        Department recommends for inclusion in a 
                        multiple award contract described in subsection 
                        (b);
            (3) the term ``Department'' means the Department of 
        Defense;
            (4) the term ``multiple award contract'' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 3302(a) of title 41, United States 
        Code;
            (5) the term ``pilot program'' means the pilot program 
        established under subsection (b); and
            (6) the term ``small business concern'' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 
        U.S.C. 632).
    (b) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a pilot 
program under which the Department shall award multiple award contracts 
to covered small business concerns for the purchase of technologies, 
supplies, or services that the covered small business concern has 
developed through the SBIR or STTR program.
    (c) Waiver of Competition in Contracting Act Requirements.--The 
Secretary of Defense may establish procedures to waive provisions of 
section 2304 of title 10, United States Code, for purposes of carrying 
out the pilot program.
    (d) Use of Contract Vehicle.--A multiple award contract described 
in subsection (b) may be used by any service or component of the 
Department.
    (e) Termination.--The pilot program established under this section 
shall terminate on September 30, 2023.
    (f) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to prevent the commercialization of products and services 
produced by a small business concern under an SBIR or STTR program of a 
Federal agency through--
            (1) direct awards for Phase III of an SBIR or STTR program; 
        or
            (2) any other contract vehicle.

SEC. 899. ANNUAL REPORT ON LIMITATION OF SUBCONTRACTOR INTELLECTUAL 
              PROPERTY RIGHTS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, and annually thereafter for five years, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report listing 
all contracts entered into during the previous fiscal year using 
procedures under part 15 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation where 
the prime contractor limited the intellectual property rights of one or 
more subcontractors without being required to do so by the United 
States Government.

SEC. 899A. EXTENSION FROM 20 TO 30 YEARS OF MAXIMUM TOTAL PERIOD FOR 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTS FOR STORAGE, HANDLING, OR 
              DISTRIBUTION OF LIQUID FUELS AND NATURAL GAS.

    (a) Extension.--Section 2922(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``a total of 20 years'' and inserting ``a total of 
30 years''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on October 1, 2027, and shall apply with respect to 
contracts entered into on or after such date.

SEC. 899B. EXCEPTION FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTS FROM 
              REQUIREMENT THAT BUSINESS OPERATIONS CONDUCTED UNDER 
              GOVERNMENT CONTRACTS ACCEPT AND DISPENSE $1 COINS.

    Section 5112(p)(1) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``, with the exception of business operations conducted by 
any entity under a contract with the Department of Defense,'' before 
``shall take such action''.

SEC. 899C. INVESTING IN RURAL SMALL BUSINESSES.

    (a) Flexibility for Residency in HUBZones.--Section 
3(p)(5)(A)(i)(I) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
632(p)(5)(A)(i)(I)) is amended by striking ``35 percent'' each place 
that term appears and inserting ``33 percent''.
    (b) Enabling Local Communities to Maximize Economic Potential.--The 
Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 631 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) in section 3(p)(1) (15 U.S.C. 632(p)(1))--
                    (A) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``or'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraph (F) as 
                subparagraph (G); and
                    (C) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the 
                following:
                    ``(F) another qualified area designated by the 
                Administrator under section 31(d); or''; and
            (2) in section 31 (15 U.S.C. 657a)--
                    (A) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
                (e); and
                    (B) by inserting after subsection (c) the 
                following:
    ``(d) Other Qualified Areas.--
            ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection--
                    ``(A) the term `covered area' means an area in a 
                State--
                            ``(i) that is located outside of an 
                        urbanized area, as determined by the Bureau of 
                        the Census; and
                            ``(ii) with a population of not more than 
                        50,000;
                    ``(B) the term `governor' means the chief executive 
                of a State; and
                    ``(C) the term `State' means each of the several 
                States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of 
                Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, the Commonwealth 
                of the Northern Mariana Islands, and American Samoa.
            ``(2) Designation.--A governor may petition the 
        Administrator to designate one or more covered areas as a 
        HUBZone if the average unemployment rate of each covered area 
        is not less than 120 percent of the average unemployment rate 
        of the United States or of the State in which the covered area 
        is located, whichever is less, based on the most recent data 
        available from the American Community Survey conducted by the 
        Bureau of the Census.
            ``(3) Criteria.--In reviewing a petition submitted by a 
        governor under paragraph (2), the Administrator may consider--
                    ``(A) the potential for job creation and 
                investment;
                    ``(B) the demonstrated interest of small business 
                concerns in the covered area to participate in the 
                HUBZone program established under section 31; and
                    ``(C) the consideration by State and local 
                government officials of a HUBZone as part of an 
                economic development strategy.
            ``(4) Petition.--With respect to a petition submitted by a 
        governor to the Administrator under paragraph (2)--
                    ``(A) the governor may submit not more than 1 
                petition in a fiscal year unless the Administrator 
                determines that an additional petition from the State 
                of the governor is appropriate;
                    ``(B) the governor may not submit a petition for 
                more than 10 percent of the total number of covered 
                areas in the State of the governor; and
                    ``(C) if the Administrator grants the petition and 
                designates one or more covered areas as a HUBZone, the 
                governor shall, not less frequently than annually, 
                submit data to the Administrator certifying that each 
                covered area continues to meet the requirements of 
                clauses (i) and (ii) of paragraph (1)(A).
            ``(5) Process.--The Administrator shall establish 
        procedures--
                    ``(A) to ensure that the Administration accepts 
                petitions under paragraph (2) from all States each 
                fiscal year; and
                    ``(B) to provide technical assistance, before the 
                filing of a petition under paragraph (2), to a governor 
                who is interested in filing such a petition.''.
    (c) Ensuring Timely Consideration of HUBZone Applications.--Section 
3(p)(5) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632(p)(5)) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) Review of applications.--Not later than 60 
                days after the date on which the Administrator receives 
                an application from a small business concern to be 
                certified as a qualified HUBZone small business concern 
                under subparagraph (A)(i), the Administrator shall 
                approve or deny the application.''.

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

SEC. 901. CHIEF MANAGEMENT OFFICER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Chief Management Officer.--
            (1) In general.--Effective February 1, 2018, section 132a 
        of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 132a. Chief Management Officer
    ``(a) Appointment.--There is a Chief Management Officer of the 
Department of Defense, appointed from civilian life by the President, 
by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Chief Management 
Officer shall be appointed from among persons who have an extensive 
management or business background and experience with managing large or 
complex organizations. A person may not be appointed as Chief 
Management Officer within seven years after relief from active duty as 
a commissioned officer of a regular component of an armed force.
    ``(b) Responsibilities.--Subject to the authority, direction, and 
control of the Secretary of Defense, the Chief Management Officer shall 
perform such duties and exercise such powers as the Secretary may 
prescribe, including--
            ``(1) serving as the chief management officer of the 
        Department of Defense with the mission of managing the business 
        operations of the Department;
            ``(2) serving as the principal advisor to the Secretary on 
        establishing policies for, and directing, all business 
        operations of the Department, including business 
        transformation, business planning and processes, performance 
        management, and business information technology management and 
        improvement activities and programs, including the allocation 
        of resources for business operations and unifying business 
        management efforts across the Department;
            ``(3) exercising authority, direction, and control over the 
        Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities 
        providing shared business services for the Department that are 
        designated by the Secretary for purposes of this paragraph;
            ``(4) as of January 1, 2019--
                    ``(A) serving as the Chief Information Officer of 
                the Department for purposes of section 2222 of this 
                title;
                    ``(B) administering the responsibilities and duties 
                specified in sections 11315 and 11319 of title 40, 
                section 3506(a)(2) of title 44, and section 2223(a) of 
                this title for business systems and management; and
                    ``(C) any responsibilities, duties, and powers 
                relating to business systems or management that are 
                exercisable by a chief information officer for the 
                Department, other than those responsibilities, duties, 
                and powers of a chief information officer that are 
                vested in the Chief Information Warfare Officer by 
                section 142 of this title;
            ``(5) serving as the official with principal responsibility 
        in the Department for providing for the availability of common, 
        usable, Defense-wide data sets with applications such as 
        improving acquisition outcomes and personnel management; and
            ``(6) the authority to direct the Secretaries of the 
        military departments and the heads of all other elements of the 
        Department with regard to matters for which the Chief 
        Management Officer has responsibility under this section.
    ``(c) Precedence.--The Chief Management Officer takes precedence in 
the Department of Defense after the Secretary of Defense and the Deputy 
Secretary of Defense.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--Effective February 1, 2018, the 
        table of sections at the beginning of chapter 4 of such title 
        is amended by striking the item relating to section 132a and 
        inserting the following new item:

``132a. Chief Management Officer.''.
    (b) Conforming Repeal of Prior Authorities on CMO.--
            (1) In general.--Effective on January 31, 2018, subsection 
        (c) of section 901 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2341; 10 
        U.S.C. 131 note) is repealed, and the amendments to be made by 
        paragraph (4) of that subsection shall not be made.
            (2) Further conforming amendments.--Effective on February 
        1, 2018, section 132 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (c); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
                (c).
    (c) Conforming Amendments on Precedence in DoD.--Effective on 
February 1, 2018, and immediately after the coming into effect of the 
amendments made by section 901 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017--
            (1) section 131(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (9) as 
                paragraphs (3) through (10), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
                new paragraph (2):
            ``(2) The Chief Management Officer of the Department of 
        Defense.'';
            (2) section 133a(c) of such title is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and the Deputy 
                Secretary of Defense'' and inserting ``, the Deputy 
                Secretary of Defense, and the Chief Management Officer 
                of the Department of Defense''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``the Chief 
                Management Officer,'' after ``the Deputy Secretary,''; 
                and
            (3) section 133b(c) of such title is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``the Chief 
                Management Officer of the Department of Defense,'' 
                after ``the Deputy Secretary of Defense,''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``the Chief 
                Management Officer,'' after ``the Deputy Secretary,''.
    (d) Executive Schedule Level II.--Effective on February 1, 2018, 
and immediately after the coming into effect of the amendment made by 
section 901(h) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017, section 5313 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting before the item relating to the Under Secretary of Defense 
for Research and Engineering the following new item:
            ``Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense.''.
    (e) Service of Incumbent Deputy Chief Management Officer as Chief 
Management Officer Upon Commencement of Latter Position Without Further 
Appointment.--The individual serving in the position of Deputy Chief 
Management Officer of the Department of Defense as of February 1, 2018, 
may continue to serve as Chief Management Officer of the Department of 
Defense under section 132a of title 10, United States Code (as amended 
by subsection (a)), commencing as of that date without further 
appointment pursuant to such section 132a.
    (f) Report on Defense Agencies and Field Activities Providing 
Shared Business Services.--Not later than January 15, 2018, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report specifying each Defense Agency and Department of 
Defense Field Activity providing shared business services for the 
Department of Defense that is to be designated by the Secretary for 
purposes of subsection (b)(3) of section 132a of title 10, United 
States Code (as so amended), as of the coming into effect of such 
section 132a
    (g) Notice to Congress on Transfer of Oversight of Defense Agencies 
and Field Activities With Business-support Functions to CMO.--Upon the 
transfer of responsibility for oversight of a Defense Agency or 
Department of Defense Field Activity specified in subsection (c) of 
section 132a of title 10, United States Code (as so amended), to the 
Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a notice 
on the transfer, including the Defense Agency or Field Activity subject 
to the transfer and a description of the nature and scope of the 
responsibility for oversight transferred.

SEC. 902. REALIGNMENT OF RESPONSIBILITIES, DUTIES, AND POWERS OF CHIEF 
              INFORMATION OFFICER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--Effective on January 1, 2019, the 
responsibilities, duties, and powers vested in the Chief Information 
Officer of the Department of Defense as of December 31, 2018, are 
realigned as follows:
            (1) There is vested in the Chief Information Warfare 
        Officer of the Department of Defense the responsibilities, 
        duties, and powers provided for by section 142 of title 10, 
        United States Code (as amended by subsection (b)).
            (2) There is vested in the Chief Management Officer of the 
        Department of Defense any responsibilities, duties, and powers 
        vested in the Chief Information Officer of the Department of 
        Defense as of December 31, 2018, that are not vested in the 
        Chief Information Warfare Officer by paragraph (1) and such 
        section 142.
    (b) Chief Information Warfare Officer.--
            (1) In general.--Section 142 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 142. Chief Information Warfare Officer
    ``(a) In General.--(1) There is a Chief Information Warfare Officer 
of the Department of Defense, who shall be appointed from among 
civilians who are qualified to serve as the Chief Information Warfare 
Officer by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the 
Senate.
    ``(2) The Chief Information Warfare Officer shall report directly 
to the Secretary of Defense in the performance of duties under this 
section.
    ``(b) Responsibility and Authority.--(1) Subject to the authority, 
direction, and control of the Secretary of Defense, the Chief 
Information Warfare Officer is responsible for all matters relating to 
the information environment of the Department of Defense and has the 
authority to establish policy for, and direct the Secretaries of the 
military departments and the heads of all other elements of the 
Department relating to, the matters as follow:
            ``(A) Space and space launch systems.
            ``(B) Communications networks and information technology 
        (other than business systems).
            ``(C) National security systems.
            ``(D) Information assurance and cybersecurity.
            ``(E) Electronic warfare and cyber warfare.
            ``(F) Nuclear command and control and senior leadership 
        communications systems.
            ``(G) Command and control systems and networks.
            ``(H) The electromagnetic spectrum.
            ``(I) Positioning, navigation, and timing.
            ``(J) Any other matters assigned to the Chief Information 
        Officer of the Department of Defense, not relating to business 
        systems or management, in sections 2223 and 2224 of this title, 
        sections 11315 and 11319 of title 40, and sections 3506 and 
        3544 of title 44.
    ``(2) In addition to the responsibilities in paragraph (1), the 
responsibilities of the Chief Information Warfare Officer include--
            ``(A) exercising authority, direction, and control over the 
        missions, programs, and organizational elements pertaining to 
        information assurance (formally Information Assurance 
        Directorate) of the National Security Agency;
            ``(B) exercising authority, direction, and control over the 
        Defense Information Systems Agency, or any successor 
        organization, for the matters described in paragraph (1); and
            ``(C) responsibilities for policy, oversight, guidance, and 
        coordination for all Department matters relating to the 
        electromagnetic spectrum, including--
                    ``(i) coordination with other Federal agencies and 
                the private sector;
                    ``(ii) coordination for classified programs; and
                    ``(iii) in coordination with the Under Secretary 
                for Personnel and Health, the spectrum management 
                workforce.
    ``(3) Notwithstanding the exemptions for the Department of Defense 
in section 11319 of title 40, the authority of the Chief Information 
Warfare Officer to direct the secretaries of the military departments 
for information warfare matters as provided in paragraph (1) shall 
include--
            ``(A) playing a significant and directive role in the 
        decision processes for all annual and multi-year planning, 
        programming, budgeting, and execution decisions, including the 
        authority to realign the elements of the budgets and budget 
        requests of the military departments that pertain to the 
        responsibilities of the Chief Information Warfare Officer;
            ``(B) reviewing and approving any funding request or 
        reprogramming request;
            ``(C) ensuring that the military departments comply with 
        Government and Department standards on a matter described in 
        paragraph (1) or (2);
            ``(D) reviewing and approving the appointment of any other 
        employee who functions in the capacity of a Chief Information 
        Officer or a Chief Information Warfare Officer for any 
        component within the Department, except for the Chief 
        Management Officer of the Department of Defense; and
            ``(E) participating in all meetings, management, and 
        decision-making forums on issues pertaining to any matter 
        described in paragraph (1) or (2).
    ``(4) The Chief Information Warfare Officer shall oversee and may 
require that programs of the military departments comply with such 
direction and standards as the Chief Information Warfare Officer may 
establish relating to a matter described in paragraph (1) or (2).
    ``(5) The Chief Information Warfare Officer shall perform such 
additional duties and exercise such additional powers as the Secretary 
may prescribe.
    ``(c) Chief Information Officer for Certain Purposes.--The Chief 
Information Warfare Officer--
            ``(1) is the Chief Information Officer of the Department of 
        Defense for purposes of 3554(a)(3) of title 44 and section 2224 
        of this title; and
            ``(2) in coordination with the Chief Management Officer of 
        the Department of Defense, is the Chief Information Officer of 
        the Department of Defense for purposes of section 11315 of 
        title 40 and section 2223 of this title.
    ``(d) Principal Cyber Advisor.--In addition to any other duties 
under this section, the Chief Information Warfare Officer shall serve 
as Principal Cyber Advisor under section 932(c) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (10 U.S.C. 2224 note).
    ``(e) Principal Department of Defense Space Advisor.--In addition 
to any other duties under this section, the Chief Information Warfare 
Officer shall perform the duties of the Principal Department of Defense 
Space Advisor in accordance with Department of Defense Directive 
5100.96 and any succeeding directive.
    ``(f) Collaborative Mechanisms.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
establish collaboration mechanisms between the Chief Information 
Warfare Officer and the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, the Chairman of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff, and the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public 
Affairs for purposes of developing and overseeing the execution of 
offensive and defensive information warfare strategies, plans, 
programs, and operations.
    ``(2) The strategies, plans, programs and operations shall 
appropriately integrate cyber, electronic, and electromagnetic spectrum 
warfare, military deception, military information support operations, 
and public affairs to conduct, counter, and deter information warfare
    ``(g) Precedence in DoD.--(1) The Chief Information Warfare Officer 
shall take precedence in the Department of Defense with the officials 
serving in positions specified in section 131(b)(2) of this title.
    ``(2) The officials serving in positions specified in such section 
and the Chief Information Warfare Officer take precedence among 
themselves in the order prescribed by the Secretary.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 4 of such title is amended by striking the 
        item relating to section 142 and inserting the following new 
        item:

``142. Chief Information Warfare Officer.''.
            (3) Executive schedule level ii.--Section 5313 of title 5, 
        United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item 
        relating to the Deputy Secretary of Defense the following new 
        item:
            ``Chief Information Warfare Officer of the Department of 
        Defense.''.
            (4) References.--Any reference to the Chief Information 
        Officer of the Department of Defense in any law, regulation, 
        map, document, record, or other paper of the United States in 
        that official's capacity as the official responsible for the 
        information security and information dominance of the 
        Department of Defense shall be deemed to be a reference to 
        Chief Information Warfare Officer of the Department of Defense.
            (5) Principal cyber advisor.--Paragraph (1) of section 
        932(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 829; 10 U.S.C. 2224 
        note) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) In general.--The Chief Information Warfare Officer of 
        the Department of Defense under section 142 of title 10, United 
        States Code, shall serve as the Principal Cyber Advisor to act 
        as the principal advisor to the Secretary on military cyber 
        forces and activities.''.
            (6) Standards for networks.--A military department may not 
        develop or procure a network that does not fully comply with 
        such standards as the Chief Information Warfare Officer under 
        section 142 of title 10, United States Code (as amended by 
        paragraph (1)), may establish relating to a matter described in 
        subsection (b) of such section.
            (7) Alternative proposal.--Not later than March 1, 2018, 
        the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a proposal for such alternatives or 
        modifications to the realignment of responsibilities required 
        by section 142 of title 10, United States Code (as so amended), 
        as the Secretary considers appropriate, together with an 
        implementation plan for such proposal. The proposal may not be 
        carried out unless approved by statute.
            (8) Quarterly briefing on implementation.--Not later than 
        January 30, 2018, and every 90 days thereafter through January 
        1, 2019, the Secretary shall provide to the congressional 
        defense committees a briefing on the status of the 
        implementation of the Chief Information Warfare Officer of the 
        Department of Defense under section 142 of title 10, United 
        States Code (as so amended), during the preceding 90 days.
            (9) Effective date.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), this subsection and the amendments made by this 
                subsection shall take effect on January 1, 2019.
                    (B) Interim matters.--Paragraphs (7) and (8) of 
                this subsection shall take effect on the date of the 
                enactment of this Act.

SEC. 903. CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY OF UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR 
              ACQUISITION AND SUSTAINMENT WITH RESPECT TO SERVICE 
              ACQUISITION PROGRAMS FOR WHICH THE SERVICE ACQUISITION 
              EXECUTIVE IS THE MILESTONE DECISION AUTHORITY.

    Effective on February 1, 2018, and immediately after the coming 
into effect of the amendment made by section 901(b) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), 
subsection (b)(6) of section 133b of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by such section 901(b), is amended by striking ``supervisory 
authority'' and inserting ``advisory authority''.

SEC. 904. EXECUTIVE SCHEDULE MATTERS RELATING TO UNDER SECRETARY OF 
              DEFENSE FOR ACQUISITION AND SUSTAINMENT.

    (a) Inapplicability of Pending Amendment.--The amendment to be made 
by section 901(h) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2342) with regard to the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall not be made.
    (b) Executive Schedule Level III.--Effective on February 1, 2018, 
section 5314 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
before the item relating to the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy 
the following:
            ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment.''.

SEC. 905. TECHNICAL AMENDMENT.

    Section 901(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2339; 10 U.S.C. 133a note) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``Research and Engineering.--'' and all 
        that follows through ``Effective on February 1, 2018'' and 
        inserting ``Research and Engineering.--Effective on February 1, 
        2018''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (2).

SEC. 906. REDESIGNATION OF UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR PERSONNEL AND 
              READINESS AS UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR PERSONNEL AND 
              HEALTH.

    (a) Redesignation.--
            (1) In general.--Section 136 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by striking ``and Readiness'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``and Health''.
            (2) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
        amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 136. Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Health''.
            (3) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 4 of such title is amended by striking the 
        item relating to section 136 and inserting the following new 
        item:

``136. Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Health.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Title 10.--
                    (A) Subparagraph (D) of section 131(b)(2) of title 
                10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
                    ``(D) The Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel 
                and Health.''.
                    (B) Section 137(c) of such title is amended by 
                striking ``and Readiness'' and inserting ``and 
                Health''.
            (2) Executive schedule level iii.--Section 5314 of title 5, 
        United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to 
        the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness and 
        inserting the following new item:
        ``Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Health.''.
    (c) References.--Any reference to the Under Secretary of Defense 
for Personnel and Readiness in any law, regulation, map, document, 
record, or other paper of the United States shall be deemed to be a 
reference to the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Health.

SEC. 907. QUALIFICATIONS FOR APPOINTMENT AND ADDITIONAL DUTIES AND 
              POWERS OF CERTAIN OFFICIALS WITHIN THE OFFICE OF THE 
              UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (COMPTROLLER).

    (a) Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller).--
            (1) Qualification for appointment.--Subsection (a) of 
        section 135 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(a)''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
    ``(2)(A) Any individual appointed as Under Secretary of Defense 
(Comptroller) shall be an individual who--
            ``(i) has significant financial management service in--
                    ``(I) a Federal or State agency that received an 
                audit with an unqualified opinion on such agency's 
                financial statements during the time of such 
                individual's service; or
                    ``(II) a public company that received an audit with 
                an unqualified opinion on such company's financial 
                statements during the time of such individual's 
                service; or
            ``(ii) has served as chief financial officer, deputy chief 
        financial officer, or an equivalent executive-level position 
        with direct authority for financial management in a large 
        public or private sector organization.
    ``(B) In this paragraph, the term `public company' has the meaning 
given the term `issuer' in section 2(7) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 
2002 (15 U.S.C. 7201(7)).''.
            (2) Duties and powers.--Such section is further amended--
                    (A) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as 
                subsections (e) and (f), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after subsection (c) the following 
                new subsection (d):
    ``(d) In addition to any duties under subsection (c), the Under 
Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall, subject to the authority, 
direction, and control of the Secretary of Defense, do the following:
            ``(1) Provide guidance and instruction on annual 
        performance plans and evaluations to the following:
                    ``(A) The Assistant Secretaries of the military 
                departments for financial management.
                    ``(B) Any other official of an agency, 
                organization, or element of the Department of Defense 
                with responsibility for financial management.
            ``(2) Give directions to the military departments, Defense 
        Agencies, and other organizations and elements of the 
        Department of Defense regarding their financial statements and 
        the audit and audit readiness of such financial statements.''.
    (b) Deputy Chief Financial Officer.--
            (1) Qualification for appointment.--Any individual 
        appointed as Deputy Chief Financial Officer of the Department 
        of Defense shall be an individual who--
                    (A) has significant financial management service 
                in--
                            (i) a Federal or State agency that received 
                        an audit with an unqualified opinion on such 
                        agency's financial statements during the time 
                        of such individual's service; or
                            (ii) a public company that received an 
                        audit with an unqualified opinion on such 
                        company's financial statements during the time 
                        of such individual's service; or
                    (B) has served as chief financial officer, deputy 
                chief financial officer, or an equivalent executive-
                level position with direct authority for financial 
                management in a large public or private sector 
                organization.
            (2) Public company defined.--In this subsection, the term 
        ``public company'' has the meaning given the term ``issuer'' in 
        section 2(7) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (15 U.S.C. 
        7201(7)).
    (c) Applicability.--This section and the amendments made by this 
section shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and 
shall apply with respect to appointments that are made on or after that 
date.

SEC. 908. FIVE-YEAR PERIOD OF RELIEF FROM ACTIVE DUTY AS A COMMISSIONED 
              OFFICER OF A REGULAR COMPONENT OF THE ARMED FORCES FOR 
              APPOINTMENT TO UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE POSITIONS.

    (a) Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.--
Effective on February 1, 2018, and immediately after the coming into 
effect of the amendments made by subsection (a) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (130 Stat. 2339), section 
133a(a) of title 10, United States Code (as added by such subsection 
(a)), is amended by striking ``seven years'' and inserting ``five 
years''.
    (b) Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.--
Effective on February 1, 2018, and immediately after the coming into 
effect of the amendments made by subsection (b) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (130 Stat. 2340), section 
133b(a) of title 10, United States Code (as added by such subsection 
(b)), is amended by striking ``seven years'' and inserting ``five 
years''.
    (c) Under Secretary of Defense for Policy.--Section 134(a) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``seven years'' and 
inserting ``five years''.
    (d) Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller).--Section 135(a) of 
such title is amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: 
``A person may not be appointed as Under Secretary within five years 
after relief from active duty as a commissioned officer of a regular 
component of the armed forces.''.
    (e) Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Health.--
Subsection (a) of section 136 of such title, as amended by section 
906(a) of this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new sentence: ``A person may not be appointed as Under 
Secretary within five years after relief from active duty as a 
commissioned officer of a regular component of the armed forces.''.
    (f) Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence.--Section 137(a) of 
such title is amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: 
``A person may not be appointed as Under Secretary within five years 
after relief from active duty as a commissioned officer of a regular 
component of the armed forces.''.

SEC. 909. REDESIGNATION OF PRINCIPAL DEPUTY UNDER SECRETARIES OF 
              DEFENSE AS DEPUTY UNDER SECRETARIES OF DEFENSE AND 
              RELATED MATTERS.

    (a) Redesignation.--Section 137a of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by striking ``Principal'' each place it appears.
    (b) Increase in Authorized Number.--Subsection (a)(1) of such 
section is amended by striking ``five'' and inserting ``six''.
    (c) Replacement of ATL Position With Two Positions in Connection 
With OSD Reform.--Subsection (c) of such section is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (5) as 
        paragraphs (3) through (6), respectively; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following 
        new paragraphs:
    ``(1) One of the Deputy Under Secretaries is the Deputy Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.
    ``(2) One of the Deputy Under Secretaries is the Deputy Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.''.
    (d) Redesignation of DUSD for Personnel and Readiness as DUSD for 
Personnel and Health.--Paragraph (4) of subsection (c) of such section, 
as amended and redesignated by this section, is further amended by 
striking ``Personnel and Readiness'' and inserting ``Personnel and 
Health''.
    (e) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) OSD.--Paragraph (6) of section 131(b) of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
            ``(6) The Deputy Under Secretaries of Defense.''.
            (2) Precedence.--Section 138(d) of such title is amended by 
        striking ``Principal''.
    (f) Executive Schedule Level IV.--
            (1) In general.--Section 5315 of title 5, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``Principal'' in the items relating 
                to the Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Policy, the Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense 
                (Comptroller), and the Principal Deputy Under Secretary 
                of Defense for Intelligence; and
                    (B) by striking the item relating to the Principal 
                Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
                Readiness and inserting the following new item:
            ``Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
        Health.''.
            (2) OSD reform.--Section 5315 of such title is further 
        amended by inserting before the item relating to the Deputy 
        Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, as amended by paragraph 
        (1)(A), the following new items:
            ``Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering.
            ``Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment.''.
    (g) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of section 137a of such 
        title is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 137a. Deputy Under Secretaries of Defense''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 4 of such title is amended by striking the 
        item relating to section 137a and inserting the following new 
        item:

``137a. Deputy Under Secretaries of Defense.''.
    (h) Effective Dates.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        amendments made by this section shall take effect on the date 
        of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) ATL position amendments.--The amendments made by 
        subsections (b), (c), and (f)(2) of this section shall take 
        effect on February 1, 2018, immediately after the coming into 
        effect of the amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) of 
        section 901 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2339), to which 
        the amendments made by subsections (b), (c), and (f)(2) of this 
        section relate.

SEC. 910. REDUCTION OF NUMBER AND ELIMINATION OF SPECIFIC DESIGNATIONS 
              OF ASSISTANT SECRETARIES OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Reduction of Authorized Number.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 
138 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``14'' and 
inserting ``13''.
    (b) Elimination of Certain Specific Designations.--Subsection (b) 
of such section is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraphs (2), (3), and (5); and
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (6) as paragraphs 
        (2) and (3), respectively.

SEC. 911. LIMITATION ON MAXIMUM NUMBER OF DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARIES 
              OF DEFENSE.

    The maximum number of Deputy Assistant Secretaries of Defense after 
the date of the enactment of this Act may not exceed 46.

SEC. 912. MODIFICATION OF DEFINITION OF OSD PERSONNEL FOR PURPOSES OF 
              LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF OFFICE OF SECRETARY OF DEFENSE 
              PERSONNEL.

    (a) Modification.--
            (1) In general.--Section 143(b) of title 10, United States 
        Code, as amended by section 903(a) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), is 
        further amended by striking ``and detailed personnel'' and 
        inserting ``detailed, and contractor personnel''.
            (2) Effective date.--The amendment made by paragraph (1) 
        shall take effect on October 1, 2018.
    (b) Report on Number of Contractor Personnel in OSD and Each 
Secretariate of the Military Departments.--Not later than December 31, 
2017, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report specifying the following:
            (1) The number of contractor personnel in the Office of the 
        Secretary of Defense as of October, 1, 2017.
            (2) The number of contractor personnel in each office of a 
        Secretary of a military department as of October 1, 2017.

  Subtitle B--Organization of Other Department of Defense Offices and 
                                Elements

SEC. 921. REDUCTION IN AUTHORIZED NUMBER OF ASSISTANT SECRETARIES OF 
              THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS.

    (a) Assistant Secretaries of the Army.--Section 3016(a) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``five'' and inserting 
``four''.
    (b) Assistant Secretaries of the Navy.--Section 5016(a) of such 
title is amended by striking ``four'' and inserting ``three''.
    (c) Assistant Secretaries of the Air Force.--Section 8016(a) of 
such title is amended by striking ``four'' and inserting ``three''.

SEC. 922. QUALIFICATIONS FOR APPOINTMENT OF ASSISTANT SECRETARIES OF 
              THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS FOR FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT.

    (a) Assistant Secretary of the Army.--Section 3016(b)(4) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(4)'';
            (2) by striking ``The Assistant Secretary shall have as his 
        principal responsibility'' and inserting the following:
    ``(C) The principal responsibility of the Assistant Secretary shall 
be''; and
            (3) by inserting after subparagraph (A), as designated by 
        paragraph (1), the following new subparagraph (B):
    ``(B)(i) Any individual appointed as Assistant Secretary shall be 
an individual who--
            ``(I) has significant financial management service in--
                    ``(aa) a Federal or State agency that received an 
                audit with an unqualified opinion on such agency's 
                financial statements during the time of such 
                individual's service; or
                    ``(bb) a public company that received an audit with 
                an unqualified opinion on such company's financial 
                statements during the time of such individual's 
                service; or
            ``(II) has served as chief financial officer, deputy chief 
        financial officer, or an equivalent executive-level position 
        with direct authority for financial management in a large 
        public or private sector organization.
    ``(ii) In this subparagraph, the term `public company' has the 
meaning given the term `issuer' in section 2(7) of the Sarbanes-Oxley 
Act of 2002 (15 U.S.C. 7201(7)).''.
    (b) Assistant Secretary of the Navy.--Section 5016(b)(3) of such 
title is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)'';
            (2) by striking ``The Assistant Secretary shall have as his 
        principal responsibility'' and inserting the following:
    ``(C) The principal responsibility of the Assistant Secretary shall 
be''; and
            (3) by inserting after subparagraph (A), as designated by 
        paragraph (1), the following new subparagraph (B):
    ``(B)(i) Any individual appointed as Assistant Secretary shall be 
an individual who--
            ``(I) has significant financial management service in--
                    ``(aa) a Federal or State agency that received an 
                audit with an unqualified opinion on such agency's 
                financial statements during the time of such 
                individual's service; or
                    ``(bb) a public company that received an audit with 
                an unqualified opinion on such company's financial 
                statements during the time of such individual's 
                service; or
            ``(II) has served as chief financial officer, deputy chief 
        financial officer, or an equivalent executive-level position 
        with direct authority for financial management in a large 
        public or private sector organization.
    ``(ii) In this subparagraph, the term `public company' has the 
meaning given the term `issuer' in section 2(7) of the Sarbanes-Oxley 
Act of 2002 (15 U.S.C. 7201(7)).''.
    (c) Assistant Secretary of the Air Force.--Section 8016(b)(3) of 
such title is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)'';
            (2) by striking ``The Assistant Secretary shall have as his 
        principal responsibility'' and inserting the following:
    ``(C) The principal responsibility of the Assistant Secretary shall 
be''; and
            (3) by inserting after subparagraph (A), as designated by 
        paragraph (1), the following new subparagraph (B):
    ``(B)(i) Any individual appointed as Assistant Secretary shall be 
an individual who--
            ``(I) has significant financial management service in--
                    ``(aa) a Federal or State agency that received an 
                audit with an unqualified opinion on such agency's 
                financial statements during the time of such 
                individual's service; or
                    ``(bb) a public company that received an audit with 
                an unqualified opinion on such company's financial 
                statements during the time of such individual's 
                service; or
            ``(II) has served as chief financial officer, deputy chief 
        financial officer, or an equivalent executive-level position 
        with direct authority for financial management in a large 
        public or private sector organization.
    ``(ii) In this subparagraph, the term `public company' has the 
meaning given the term `issuer' in section 2(7) of the Sarbanes-Oxley 
Act of 2002 (15 U.S.C. 7201(7)).''.
    (d) Applicability.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply with 
respect to appointments that are made on or after that date.

 Subtitle C--Organization and Management of the Department of Defense 
                               Generally

SEC. 931. REDUCTION IN LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              SES POSITIONS.

    Section 1109(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended by striking ``1,260'' 
and inserting ``1,140''.

SEC. 932. MANNER OF CARRYING OUT REDUCTIONS IN MAJOR DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE HEADQUARTERS ACTIVITIES.

    Section 346(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 796; 10 U.S.C. 111 note) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) Manner of carrying out reductions.--Reductions in 
        major Department of Defense headquarters activities pursuant to 
        the headquarters reduction plan referred to in paragraph (1), 
        as modified pursuant to that paragraph, shall be carried out 
        after a consideration of the current manpower levels, historic 
        manpower levels, mission requirements, and anticipated staffing 
        needs of such headquarters activities necessary to meet 
        national defense objectives. Further, the plan required by 
        subsection (a) shall be modified to take into account the 
        requirement in the preceding sentence.''.

SEC. 933. CERTIFICATIONS ON COST SAVINGS ACHIEVED BY REDUCTIONS IN 
              MAJOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE HEADQUARTERS ACTIVITIES.

    Section 346(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 796 10 U.S.C. 111 note), as 
amended by section 932 of this Act, is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new paragraph:
            ``(6) Certifications on cost savings achieved.--Not later 
        than 60 days after close of each of fiscal years 2017 through 
        2020, the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation 
        shall certify to the Secretary of Defense, and to the 
        congressional defense committees, the following:
                    ``(A) The validity of the cost savings achieved for 
                each major Department of Defense headquarters activity 
                during the fiscal year concerned.
                    ``(B) Whether the cost savings achieved for each 
                major Department of Defense headquarters activity 
                during the fiscal year concerned met the savings 
                objective for such activity for such fiscal year, as 
                established pursuant to paragraph (1).''.

SEC. 934. DIRECT HIRE AUTHORITY FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FOR 
              PERSONNEL TO ASSIST IN BUSINESS TRANSFORMATION AND 
              MANAGEMENT INNOVATION.

    (a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may appoint in the 
Department of Defense individuals described in subsection (b) without 
regard to the provisions of subchapter I of chapter 33 of title 5, 
United States Code, for the purpose of assisting and facilitating the 
efforts of the Department in business transformation and management 
innovation.
    (b) Covered Individuals.--The individuals described in this 
subsection are individuals who have all of the following:
            (1) A management or business background.
            (2) Experience working with large or complex organizations.
            (3) Expertise in management and organizational change, data 
        analytics, or business process design.
    (c) Limitation on Number.--The number of individuals appointed 
pursuant to this section at any one time may not exceed 25 individuals.
    (d) Nature of Appointment.--Any appointment under this section 
shall be on a term basis. The term of any such appointment shall be 
specified by the Secretary at the time of the appointment.

SEC. 935. DATA ANALYTICS CAPABILITY FOR SUPPORT OF ENHANCED OVERSIGHT 
              AND MANAGEMENT OF THE DEFENSE AGENCIES AND DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE FIELD ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Data Analytics Capability Required.--
            (1) In general.--By not later than September 30, 2020, the 
        Deputy Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense 
        shall establish and maintain within the Department of Defense a 
        data analytics capability for purposes of supporting enhanced 
        oversight and management of the Defense Agencies and Department 
        of Defense Field Activities.
            (2) Discharge through successor position.--If the position 
        of Deputy Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense 
        is succeeded by another position in the Department, the duties 
        of the Deputy Chief Management Officer under this section shall 
        be discharged by the occupant of such succeeding position.
    (b) Elements.--The data analytics capability shall permit the 
following:
            (1) The maintenance on a continuing basis of an accurate 
        tabulation of the amounts being expended by the Defense 
        Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities on their 
        personnel.
            (2) The maintenance on a continuing basis of an accurate 
        number of the personnel currently supporting the Defense 
        Agencies and Field Activities, including the following:
                    (A) Members of the regular components of the Armed 
                Forces.
                    (B) Members of the reserve components of the Armed 
                Forces.
                    (C) Civilian employees of the Department of 
                Defense.
                    (D) Employees of contractors of the Department, 
                including federally funded research and development 
                centers.
                    (E) Detailees, whether from another organization or 
                element of the Department or from another department or 
                agency of the Federal Government.
            (3) The maintenance of a continuing basis of the following:
                    (A) An identification of the functions being 
                performed by each Defense Agency and Field Activity.
                    (B) An accurate tabulation of the amounts being 
                expended by each Defense Agency and Field Activity on 
                its functions.
            (4) The streamlined assembly and analysis of data for 
        purposes of the capability, including through appropriate 
        automated processes.
    (c) Resources.--In establishing the data analytics capability, the 
Deputy Chief Management Officer may use the following:
            (1) Data and information from each of the Defense Agencies 
        and Department of Defense Field Activities.
            (2) Data and information from the Defense Manpower Data 
        Center (DMDC).
            (3) Subject to the direction and control of the Secretary 
        of Defense, any other resources of the Department the Deputy 
        Chief Management Officer considers appropriate.
    (d) Reports.--
            (1) Interim report.--Not later than one year after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Deputy Chief Management 
        Officer shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        report on the progress of the Deputy Chief Management Officer 
        in establishing the data analytics capability. The report shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description and assessment of the efforts of 
                the Deputy Chief Management Officer through the date of 
                the report to establish the data analytics capability.
                    (B) A description of current gaps in the data 
                required to establish the data analytics capability, 
                and a description of the efforts to be undertaken to 
                eliminate such gaps.
                    (C) Any other matters in connection with the 
                establishment of the data analytics capability that the 
                Deputy Chief Management Officer considers appropriate.
            (2) Final report.--Not later than December 31, 2020, the 
        Deputy Chief Management Officer shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the data analytics 
        capability as established pursuant to this section. The report 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) A description and assessment of the data 
                analytics capability.
                    (B) Any other matters in connection with the data 
                analytics capability that the Deputy Chief Management 
                Officer considers appropriate.

SEC. 936. ENHANCED USE OF DATA ANALYTICS TO IMPROVE ACQUISITION PROGRAM 
              OUTCOMES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, acting jointly 
through the Deputy Chief Management Officer and the Chief Information 
Officer of the Department of Defense, and in coordination with the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics 
and the Armed Forces, establish a set of activities that use data 
analysis, measurement, and other evaluation-related methods to improve 
the acquisition outcomes of the Department of Defense and enhance 
organizational learning.
    (b) Activities.--
            (1) In general.--The set of activities established under 
        subsection (a) may include the following:
                    (A) Establishment of data analytics capabilities 
                and organizations within the appropriate military 
                service.
                    (B) Development of capabilities in Department of 
                Defense laboratories, test centers, and Federally 
                funded research and development centers to provide 
                technical support for data analytics activities that 
                support acquisition program management and business 
                process re-engineering activities.
                    (C) Increased use of existing analytical 
                capabilities available to acquisition programs and 
                offices to support improved acquisition outcomes.
                    (D) Funding of intramural and extramural research 
                and development activities to develop and implement 
                data analytics capabilities in support of improved 
                acquisition outcomes.
                    (E) Publication, to the maximum extent practicable, 
                and in a manner that protects classified and 
                proprietary information, of data collected by the 
                Department related to acquisition program costs and 
                activities for access and analyses by the general 
                public.
                    (F) Clarification by the Chief of Staff of the 
                Army, the Chief of Naval Operations, the Chief of Staff 
                of the Air Force, and the Commandant of the Marine 
                Corps, in coordination with the Under Secretary of 
                Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, of 
                a consistent policy as to the role of data analytics in 
                establishing budgets and making milestone decisions for 
                major defense acquisition programs.
                    (G) Continual assessment, in consultation with the 
                private sector, of the efficiency of current data 
                collection and analyses processes, so as to minimize 
                the requirement for collection and delivery of data by, 
                from, and to government organizations.
                    (H) Promulgation of guidance to acquisition 
                programs and activities on the efficient use and 
                sharing of data between programs and organizations to 
                improve acquisition program analytics and outcomes.
                    (I) Promulgation of guidance on assessing and 
                enhancing quality of data and data analyses to support 
                improved acquisition outcomes.
            (2) Gap analysis of current activities.--The Secretary 
        shall, in coordination with the Armed Forces, identify the 
        current activities, organizations, and groups of personnel that 
        are pursuing tasks similar to those described in paragraph (1) 
        that are being carried out as of the date of the enactment of 
        this Act. The Secretary shall consider such current activities, 
        organizations, and personnel in determining the set of 
        activities to establish pursuant to subsection (a).
            (3) Training and education.--The Secretary shall, acting 
        through the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
        Technology, and Logistics, conduct a review of the curriculum 
        taught at the National Defense University, the Defense 
        Acquisition University, and appropriate private sector academic 
        institutions to determine the extent to which the curricula 
        include appropriate courses on data analytics and other 
        evaluation-related methods and their application to defense 
        acquisitions.
    (c) Discharge of Certain Duties.--After January 31, 2018--
            (1) any duties under this section to be discharged by the 
        Deputy Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense 
        shall be discharged by the Chief Management Officer of the 
        Department of Defense; and
            (2) any duties under this section to be discharged by the 
        Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
        Logistics shall be discharged by the Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Acquisition and Sustainment.

SEC. 937. PILOT PROGRAMS ON DATA INTEGRATION STRATEGIES FOR THE 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Pilot Programs Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall, 
acting through the Chief Management Officer of the Department of 
Defense, carry out pilot programs to develop data integration 
strategies for the Department of Defense to address high-priority 
challenges of the Department.
    (b) Scope of Pilot Programs.--The pilot programs required by 
subsection (a) shall involve data integration strategies to address 
challenges of the Department with respect to the following:
            (1) The budget of the Department.
            (2) Logistics.
            (3) Personnel security and insider threats.
            (4) At least two other high-priority challenges of the 
        Department identified by the Secretary for purposes of this 
        section.
    (c) Elements.--In developing a data integration strategy to address 
a challenge of the Department for purposes of a pilot program under 
this section, the Secretary shall do the following:
            (1) Identify the elements of the Department, and the 
        officials of such elements, to be involved in carrying out the 
        data integration strategy.
            (2) Specify the elements of the data integration strategy.
            (3) Specify the policies of the Department, if any, to be 
        modified or waived in order to facilitate the carrying out of 
        the data integration strategy by enabling timely and continuous 
        sharing of information needed to solve the challenge concerned.
    (d) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the pilot programs 
        to be carried out under this section.
            (2) Elements.--The report shall include the following:
                    (A) A description of each pilot program, including 
                the challenge of the Department to be addressed by such 
                pilot program and the manner in which the data 
                integration strategy under such pilot program will 
                address the challenge.
                    (B) If the carrying out of any pilot program 
                requires legislative action for the waiver or 
                modification of a statutory requirement that prevents 
                or impedes the carrying out of the pilot program, a 
                recommendation for legislative action to waive or 
                modify such statutory requirement.

SEC. 938. BACKGROUND AND SECURITY INVESTIGATIONS FOR DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE PERSONNEL.

    (a) Transition to Discharge by Defense Security Service.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense has the authority 
        to conduct security, suitability, and credentialing background 
        investigations. In carrying out such authority, the Secretary 
        may use such authority, or may delegate such authority to 
        another entity. As part of providing for the conduct of 
        background investigations initiated by the Department of 
        Defense through the Defense Security Service by not later than 
        the deadline specified in subsection (b), the Secretary shall, 
        in consultation with the Director of the Office of Personnel 
        Management, provide for a phased transition from the conduct of 
        such investigations by the National Background Investigations 
        Bureau (NBIB) of the Office of Personnel Management to the 
        conduct of such investigations by the Defense Security Service 
        by that deadline.
            (2) Phased transition.--The phased transition required by 
        paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) provide for the transition of the conduct of 
                investigations to the Defense Security Service using a 
                risk management approach; and
                    (B) be consistent with the transition from legacy 
                information technology operated by the Office of 
                Personnel Management to the new information technology, 
                including the National Background Investigations 
                System, as described in subsection (f).
    (b) Commencement of Implementation Plan for Ongoing Discharge of 
Investigations Through DSS.--Not later than October 1, 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense shall commence carrying out the implementation 
plan developed pursuant to section 951(a)(1) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2371).
    (c) Transfer of Certain Functions Within DoD to DSS.--
            (1) In general.--For purposes of meeting the requirements 
        in subsections (a) and (b), the Secretary of Defense shall 
        transfer the functions, personnel, and associated resources of 
        the organizations specified in paragraph (2) to the Defense 
        Security Service.
            (2) Organizations.--The organizations specified in this 
        paragraph are the following:
                    (A) The Consolidated Adjudications Facility.
                    (B) The Personnel Security Assurance Division of 
                the Defense Manpower Data Center.
                    (C) Other organizations identified by the Secretary 
                for purposes of this subsection.
            (3) Supporting organizations.--In addition to the 
        organizations identified pursuant to (2), the following 
        organizations shall prioritize resources to directly support 
        the execution of requirements in subsections (a) and (b):
                    (A) The Office of Cost Analysis and Program 
                Evaluation.
                    (B) The Defense Digital Services.
                    (C) Other organizations designated by the Secretary 
                for purposes of this paragraph.
            (4) Timing and manner of transfer.--The Secretary--
                    (A) may carry out the transfer required by 
                paragraph (1) at any time before the date specified in 
                subsection (b) that the Secretary considers appropriate 
                for purposes of this section; and
                    (B) shall carry out the transfer in a manner 
                designed to minimize disruptions to the conduct of 
                background investigations for personnel of the 
                Department of Defense.
    (d) Transfer of Certain Functions in OPM to DSS.--
            (1) In general.--For purposes of meeting the requirements 
        in subsections (a) and (b), the Secretary of Defense shall, in 
        consultation with the Director of the Office of Personnel 
        Management, provide for the transfer of the functions described 
        in paragraph (2), and any associated personnel and resources, 
        to the Department of Defense.
            (2) Functions.--The functions described in this paragraph 
        are the following:
                    (A) Any personnel security investigations functions 
                transferred by the Secretary to the Director pursuant 
                to section 906 of the National Defense Authorization 
                Act for Fiscal Year 2004 (5 U.S.C. 1101 note).
                    (B) Any other functions of the Office of Personnel 
                Management in connection with background investigations 
                initiated by the Department of Defense that the 
                Secretary and the Director jointly consider 
                appropriate.
            (3) Location within dod.--Any functions transferred to the 
        Department pursuant to this subsection shall be located within 
        the Defense Security Service.
    (e) Conduct of Certain Actions.--For purposes of the conduct of 
background investigations following the commencement of the carrying 
out of the implementation plan referred to in subsection (b), the 
Secretary of Defense shall provide for the following:
            (1) A single capability for the centralized funding, 
        submissions, and processing of all background investigations, 
        from within the Defense Security Service.
            (2) The discharge by the Consolidated Adjudications 
        Facility, from within the Defense Security Service pursuant to 
        transfer under subsection (c), of adjudications in connection 
        with the following:
                    (A) Background investigations.
                    (B) Continuous evaluation and vetting checks.
    (f) Enhancement of Information Technology Capabilities of NBIS.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in 
        consultation with the Director of the Office of Personnel 
        Management, conduct a review of the information technology 
        capabilities of the National Background Investigations System 
        (NBIS) in order to determine whether enhancements to such 
        capabilities are required for the following:
                    (A) Support for background investigations pursuant 
                to this section and section 951 of the National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017.
                    (B) Support of the National Background 
                Investigations Bureau.
                    (C) Execution of the conduct of background 
                investigations initiated by the Department of Defense 
                pursuant to this section, including submissions and 
                adjudications.
            (2) Common component.--In providing for the transition and 
        operation of the System as described in paragraph (1)(C), the 
        Secretary shall, in consultation with the Director, develop a 
        common component of the System usable for background 
        investigations by both the Defense Security Service and the 
        National Background Investigations Bureau.
            (3) Enhancements.--If the review pursuant to paragraph (1) 
        determines that enhancements described in that paragraph are 
        required, the Secretary shall, in consultation with the 
        Director, carry out such enhancements.
    (g) Use of Certain Private Industry Data.--In carrying out 
background and security investigations pursuant to this section and 
section 951 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2017, the Secretary of Defense may use background materials collected 
on individuals by the private sector, in accordance with national 
policies and standards, that are applicable to such investigations, 
including materials as follows:
            (1) Financial information, including credit scores and 
        credit status.
            (2) Criminal records.
            (3) Drug screenings.
            (4) Verifications of information on resumes and employment 
        applications (such as previous employers, educational 
        achievement, and educational institutions attended).
            (5) Other publicly available electronic information.
    (h) Security Clearances for Contractor Personnel.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall review the 
        requirements of the Department of Defense relating to position 
        sensitivity designations for contractor personnel in order to 
        determine whether such requirements may be reassessed or 
        modified to reduce the number and range of contractor personnel 
        who are issued security clearances in connection with work 
        under contracts with the Department.
            (2) Guidance.--The Secretary shall issue guidance to 
        program managers, contracting officers, and security personnel 
        of the Department specifying requirements for the review of 
        contractor position sensitivity designations and the number of 
        contractor personnel of the Department who are issued security 
        clearances for the purposes of determining whether the number 
        of such personnel who are issued security clearances should and 
        can be reduced.
    (i) Personnel To Support the Transfer of Functions.--The Secretary 
of Defense shall authorize the Director of the Defense Security Service 
to promptly increase personnel for the purpose of beginning the 
establishment and expansion of investigative capacity to support the 
phased transfer of investigative functions from the Office of Personnel 
Management to the Department of Defense under this section. The 
Director of Cost Analysis and Program Assessment shall advise the 
Secretary on the size of the initial investigative workforce and the 
rate of growth of that workforce.
    (j) Briefings and Reports.--
            (1) Report on future periodic reinvestigations, insider 
        threat, and continuous vetting.--Not later than 90 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall, in consultation with the Director of National 
        Intelligence and the Director of the Office of Personnel 
        Management, submit to Congress a report that includes the 
        following:
                    (A) An assessment of the feasibility and 
                advisability of periodic reinvestigations of 
                backgrounds of Government and contractor personnel with 
                security clearances.
                    (B) A plan to provide the Government with an 
                enhanced risk management model which reduces the gaps 
                in coverage perpetuated by the current time-based 
                periodic reinvestigations model, particularly in light 
                of the increasing use of continuous background 
                evaluations of such personnel.
                    (C) A plan for expanding continuous background 
                vetting capabilities such as the Installation Matching 
                Engine for Security and Analysis to the broader 
                population, including those at the lowest Tiers and 
                levels of access, which plan shall include details to 
                ensure that all individuals credentialed for physical 
                access to Department of Defense facilities and 
                installations are vetted to the same level of fitness 
                determinations and subject to appropriate continuous 
                vetting.
                    (D) A plan to fully integrate and incorporate 
                insider threat data, tools, and capabilities into the 
                new end-to-end vetting processes and supporting 
                information technology established by the Defense 
                Security Service to ensure a holistic and 
                transformational approach to detecting, deterring, and 
                mitigating threats posed by trusted insiders.
            (2) Quarterly briefings.--Not later than the end of each 
        calendar year quarter after the date of the enactment of this 
        Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
        briefing on the progress of the Secretary in carrying out the 
        requirements of this section during such calendar year quarter. 
        Until the backlog of security clearance applications at the 
        National Background Investigations Bureau is eliminated, each 
        quarterly briefing shall also include the current status of the 
        backlog and the resulting mission and resource impact to the 
        Department of Defense and the defense industrial base.
            (3) Annual reports.--Not later than the end of each 
        calendar year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the committees of Congress referred 
        to in paragraph (2) a report on the following for the calendar 
        year in which such report is to be submitted:
                    (A) The status of the Secretary in meeting the 
                requirements in subsections (a), (b), and (c) as of the 
                end of such calendar year.
                    (B) The status as of the end of such calendar year 
                of any transfers to be carried out pursuant to 
                subsection (d).
                    (C) An assessment of the personnel security 
                capabilities of the Department of Defense as of the end 
                of such calendar year.
            (4) Termination.--No briefing or report is required 
        pursuant to paragraph (2) or (3) after December 31, 2020.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

SEC. 951. TRANSFER OF LEAD OF GUAM OVERSIGHT COUNCIL FROM THE DEPUTY 
              SECRETARY OF DEFENSE TO THE SECRETARY OF THE NAVY.

    (a) Transfer.--Section 5013 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(h) Until September 30, 2020, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
lead the Guam Oversight Council and shall be the principal 
representative of the Department of Defense for coordinating the 
interagency efforts in matters relating to Guam, including the 
following executive orders:
            ``(1) Executive Order No. 13299 of May 12, 2003 (68 Fed. 
        Reg. 25477; 48 U.S.C. note prec. 1451; relating to the 
        Interagency Group on Insular Affairs).
            ``(2) Executive Order No. 12788 of January 15, 1992, as 
        amended (57 Fed. Reg. 2213; relating to the Defense Economic 
        Adjustment Program).''.
    (b) Repeal of Superseded Authority.--Section 132 of such title is 
amended by striking subsection (e).

SEC. 952. CORROSION CONTROL AND PREVENTION EXECUTIVES MATTERS.

    (a) Scope and Level of Positions.--Subsection (a) of section 903 of 
the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2009 (10 U.S.C. 2228 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``shall be the senior official'' and 
        inserting ``shall be a senior official''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``Each 
        individual so designated shall be a senior civilian employee of 
        the military department concerned in pay grade GS-15 or 
        higher.''.
    (b) Qualifications.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection (b):
    ``(b) Qualifications.--Any individual designated as a corrosion 
control and prevention executive of a military department pursuant to 
subsection (a) shall--
            ``(1) have a working knowledge of corrosion prevention and 
        control;
            ``(2) have strong program management and communication 
        skills; and
            ``(3) understand the acquisition, research, development, 
        test, and evaluation, and sustainment policies and procedures 
        of the military department, including for the sustainment of 
        infrastructure.''.

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

SEC. 1001. GENERAL TRANSFER AUTHORITY.

    (a) Authority To Transfer Authorizations.--
            (1) Authority.--Upon determination by the Secretary of 
        Defense that such action is necessary in the national interest, 
        the Secretary may transfer amounts of authorizations made 
        available to the Department of Defense in this division for 
        fiscal year 2018 between any such authorizations for that 
        fiscal year (or any subdivisions thereof). Amounts of 
        authorizations so transferred shall be merged with and be 
        available for the same purposes as the authorization to which 
        transferred.
            (2) Limitation.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), the 
        total amount of authorizations that the Secretary may transfer 
        under the authority of this section may not exceed 
        $4,000,000,000.
            (3) Exception for transfers between military personnel 
        authorizations.--A transfer of funds between military personnel 
        authorizations under title IV shall not be counted toward the 
        dollar limitation in paragraph (2).
    (b) Limitations.--The authority provided by subsection (a) to 
transfer authorizations--
            (1) may only be used to provide authority for items that 
        have a higher priority than the items from which authority is 
        transferred; and
            (2) may not be used to provide authority for an item that 
        has been denied authorization by Congress.
    (c) Effect on Authorization Amounts.--A transfer made from one 
account to another under the authority of this section shall be deemed 
to increase the amount authorized for the account to which the amount 
is transferred by an amount equal to the amount transferred.
    (d) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary shall promptly notify 
Congress of each transfer made under subsection (a).

SEC. 1002. CALCULATIONS FOR PAYMENTS INTO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              MILITARY RETIREMENT FUND USING SINGLE LEVEL PERCENTAGE OF 
              BASIC PAY DETERMINED ON ARMED FORCE-WIDE RATHER THAN 
              ARMED FORCES-WIDE BASIS.

    Section 1465 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(1), in the flush matter at the end of 
        paragraph (1), by striking ``Such single level'' and inserting 
        ``Except as otherwise provided in subsection (d), such single 
        level'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
        (e) and (f), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection (d):
    ``(d)(1) Notwithstanding subsection (c), in any actuarial valuation 
of Department of Defense military retirement and survivor benefits 
programs for purposes of a fiscal year beginning after fiscal year 
2018--
            ``(A) the determination made pursuant to subsection 
        (c)(1)(A) shall be a single level percentage of basic pay for 
        active duty for each armed force (other than the Coast Guard) 
        and for each of the Army National Guard and the Air National 
        Guard for full-time National Guard duty (rather than the single 
        level percentage of basic pay otherwise required by that 
        subsection); and
            ``(B) the determination made pursuant to subsection 
        (c)(1)(B) shall be a single level percentage of basic pay and 
        of compensation for members of the Selected Reserve of each 
        armed force (other than the Coast Guard) (rather than the 
        single level percentage of basic pay and of compensation 
        otherwise required by that subsection).
    ``(2) In making calculations for purposes of subsection (b)(1) for 
fiscal years after fiscal year 2018--
            ``(A) the Secretary of Defense--
                    ``(i) shall not use the single level percentage of 
                basic pay determined under subsection (c)(1)(A) as 
                provided for in subsection (b)(1)(A)(i); but
                    ``(ii) shall use for purposes of subsection 
                (b)(1)(A)(i) each separate single level percentage of 
                basic pay determined under paragraph (1)(A) for each 
                armed force and for each of the Army National Guard and 
                the Air National Guard; and
            ``(B) the Secretary of Defense--
                    ``(i) shall not use the single level percentage of 
                basic pay and of compensation determined under 
                subsection (c)(1)(B) as provided for in subsection 
                (b)(1)(B)(i); but
                    ``(ii) shall use for purposes of subsection 
                (b)(1)(B)(i) each separate single level percentage of 
                basic pay and of compensation determined under 
                paragraph (1)(B) for each armed force.
    ``(3) In making calculations for purposes of section 1466(a) of 
this title for purposes of deposits into the Fund for months in fiscal 
years after fiscal year 2018--
            ``(A) the Secretary of Defense--
                    ``(i) shall not use the single level percentage of 
                basic pay determined under subsection (c)(1)(A) as 
                provided for in section 1466(a)(1)(A) of this title; 
                but
                    ``(ii) shall use for purposes of section 
                1466(a)(1)(A) of this title each separate single level 
                percentage of basic pay determined under paragraph 
                (1)(A) for each armed force and for each of the Army 
                National Guard and the Air National Guard; and
            ``(B) the Secretary of Defense--
                    ``(i) shall not use the single level percentage of 
                basic pay and of compensation determined under 
                subsection (c)(1)(B) as provided for in section 
                1466(a)(2)(A) of this title; but
                    ``(ii) shall use for purposes of section 
                1466(a)(2)(A) each separate single level percentage of 
                basic pay and of compensation determined under 
                paragraph (1)(B) for each armed force.''.

SEC. 1003. CERTIFICATIONS ON AUDIT READINESS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE AND THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS, DEFENSE AGENCIES, 
              AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS AND ELEMENTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE.

    (a) Department of Defense.--Not later than September 30, 2017, and 
each year thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall certify to the 
congressional defense committees whether or not the full financial 
statements of the Department of Defense are audit ready as of the date 
of such certification.
    (b) Military Departments, Defense Agencies, and Other Organizations 
and Elements.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than September 30, 2017, and 
        each year thereafter, each Secretary of a military department, 
        each head of a Defense Agency, and each head of any other 
        organization or element of the Department of Defense designated 
        by the Secretary of Defense for purposes of this subsection 
        shall certify to the congressional defense committees whether 
        or not the full financial statements of the military 
        department, the Defense Agency, or the organization or element 
        concerned became audit ready during the fiscal year in which 
        such certification is to be submitted.
            (2) Transmittal through secretary of defense.--The 
        individual certifications required by this subsection shall be 
        transmitted to the congressional defense committees 
        collectively by the Secretary under procedures established by 
        the Secretary for purposes of this subsection.
    (c) Termination on Receipt of Audit Opinion on Full Financial 
Statements.--A certification is no longer required under subsection (a) 
or (b) with respect to the Department of Defense, or a military 
department, Defense Agency, or organization or element of the 
Department, as applicable, after the Department of Defense or such 
military department, Defense Agency, or organization or element 
receives an audit opinion on its full financial statements.
    (d) Audit Ready Defined.--In this section, the term ``audit 
ready'', with respect to the full financial statements of the 
Department of Defense, a military department, a Defense Agency, or 
another organization or element of the Department of Defense, means 
that the Department of Defense, the military department, the Defense 
Agency, or the organization or element has in place critical audit 
capabilities and associated infrastructure to successfully start and 
support a financial audit of its full financial statements.

SEC. 1004. FAILURE TO OBTAIN AUDIT OPINION ON FISCAL YEAR FULL 
              FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Reduction in Basic Pay of Military Secretaries for Failure to 
Obtain Audit Opinion on Full Financial Statements for Fiscal Years 2018 
and Thereafter.--If the Department of Defense does not obtain an audit 
opinion on its full financial statements for fiscal year 2018, or any 
fiscal year thereafter, by March 31 of the succeeding calendar year, 
the annual rate of basic pay payable for each Secretary of a military 
department for the calendar year next following such succeeding 
calendar year shall be the annual rate of basic pay for positions at 
level III of the Executive Schedule pursuant to section 5313 of title 
5, United States Code, rather than the annual rate of basic pay 
otherwise provided for the positions of Secretary of a military 
department by law.
    (b) Review and Recommendations on Efforts To Obtain Audit Opinion 
on Full Financial Statements for Fiscal Year 2018 by March 31, 2019.--
            (1) In general.--If the Department does not obtain an audit 
        opinion on its full financial statements for fiscal year 2018 
        by March 31, 2019, the Secretary of Defense shall establish 
        within the Department a team of distinguished, private sector 
        experts with experience conducting financial audits of large 
        public or private sector organizations to review and make 
        recommendations to improve the efforts of the Department to 
        obtain an audit opinion on its full financial statements.
            (2) Scope of activities.--The team established pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) identify impediments to the progress of the 
                Department in obtaining an audit opinion on its full 
                financial statements, including an identification of 
                the organizations or elements that are lagging in their 
                efforts toward obtaining such audit opinion;
                    (B) estimate when an audit opinion on the full 
                financial statements of the Department will be 
                obtained; and
                    (C) consider mechanisms and incentives to support 
                efficient achievement by the Department of its audit 
                goals, including organizational mechanisms to transfer 
                direction and management control of audit activities 
                from subordinate organizations to the Office of the 
                Secretary of Defense, individual personnel incentives, 
                workforce improvements (including in senior leadership 
                positions), business process, technology, and systems 
                improvements (including the use of data analytics), and 
                metrics by which the Secretary and Congress may measure 
                and assess progress toward achievement of the audit 
                goals of the Department.
            (3) Report.--If the Secretary takes action pursuant to 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall, not later than September 
        30, 2019, submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        report on the team established pursuant to that paragraph, 
        including a description of the actions taken and to be taken by 
        the team pursuant to paragraph (2).

SEC. 1005. IMPROPER PAYMENT MATTERS.

    Subject to the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary 
of Defense, the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall take the 
following actions:
            (1) With regard to estimating improper payments:
                    (A) Establish and implement key quality assurance 
                procedures, such as reconciliations, to ensure the 
                completeness and accuracy of sampled populations.
                    (B) Revise the procedures for the sampling 
                methodologies of the Department of Defense so that such 
                procedures--
                            (i) comply with Office of Management and 
                        Budget guidance and generally accepted 
                        statistical standards;
                            (ii) produce statistically valid improper 
                        payment error rates, statistically valid 
                        improper payment dollar estimates, and 
                        appropriate confidence intervals for both; and
                            (iii) in meeting clauses (i) and (ii), take 
                        into account the size and complexity of the 
                        transactions being sampled.
            (2) With regard to identifying programs susceptible to 
        significant improper payments, conduct a risk assessment that 
        complies with the Improper Payments Elimination and Recovery 
        Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-204) and the amendments made by 
        that Act (in this section collectively referred to as 
        ``IPERA'').
            (3) With regard to reducing improper payments, establish 
        procedures that produce corrective action plans that--
                    (A) comply fully with IPERA and associated Office 
                of Management and Budget guidance, including by holding 
                individuals responsible for implementing corrective 
                actions and monitoring the status of corrective 
                actions; and
                    (B) are in accordance with best practices, such as 
                those recommended by the Chief Financial Officers 
                Council, including by providing for--
                            (i) measurement of the progress made toward 
                        remediating root causes of improper payments; 
                        and
                            (ii) communication to the Secretary of 
                        Defense and the heads of departments, agencies, 
                        and organizations and elements of the 
                        Department of Defense, and key stakeholders, on 
                        the progress made toward remediating the root 
                        causes of improper payments.
            (4) With regard to implementing recovery audits for 
        improper payments, develop and implement procedures to--
                    (A) identify costs related to the recovery audits 
                and recovery efforts of the Department of Defense; and
                    (B) evaluate improper payment recovery efforts in 
                order to ensure that they are cost effective.
            (5) Monitor the implementation of the revised chapter of 
        the Financial Management Regulations on recovery audits in 
        order to ensure that the Department of Defense, the military 
        departments, the Defense Agencies, and the other organizations 
        and elements of the Department of Defense either conduct 
        recovery audits or demonstrate that it is not cost effective to 
        do so.
            (6) Develop and submit to the Office of Management and 
        Budget for approval a payment recapture audit plan that fully 
        complies with Office of Management and Budget guidance.
            (7) With regard to reporting on improper payments, design 
        and implement procedures to ensure that the annual improper 
        payment and recovery audit reporting of the Department of 
        Defense is complete, accurate, and complies with IPERA and 
        associated Office of Management and Budget guidance.

SEC. 1006. FINANCIAL OPERATIONS DASHBOARD FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE.

    (a) Financial Operations Dashboard.--
            (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense 
        (Comptroller) shall develop and maintain on an Internet website 
        available to Federal Government agencies a tool (commonly 
        referred to as a ``dashboard)'' to permit Federal Government 
        officials to track key indicators of the financial performance 
        of the Department of Defense, including outstanding accounts 
        payable, abnormal accounts payable, outstanding advances, 
        unmatched disbursements, abnormal undelivered orders, negative 
        unliquidated obligations, violations of sections 1341 and 
        1517(a) of title 31, United States Code (commonly referred to 
        as the ``Anti-Deficiency Act''), costs deriving from payment 
        delays, interest penalty payments, and improper payments, and 
        actual savings realized through interest payments made, 
        discounts for timely or advanced payments, and other financial 
        management and improvement initiatives.
            (2) Information covered.--The tool shall cover financial 
        performance information for the military departments, the 
        defense agencies, and any other organizations or elements of 
        the Department of Defense.
            (3) Tracking of performance over time.--The tool shall 
        permit the tracking of financial performance over time, 
        including by month, quarter, and year, and permit users of the 
        tool to export both current and historical data on financial 
        performance.
            (4) Updates.--The information covered by the tool shall be 
        updated not less frequently than monthly.
    (b) Annual Report on Value Created by Improved Financial 
Management.--Not later than December 31 each year, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to Congress a report setting forth, for each 
military department, defense agency, and other organization or element 
of the Department of Defense, the following:
            (1) A description of the value, if any, that accrued as a 
        result of improved financial management and related cost-
        savings initiatives during the most recent fiscal year.
            (2) A description of the manner in which such value, if 
        any, was applied, and will be applied, to provide mission 
        value.
            (3) A target for the savings to be achieved as a result of 
        improved financial management and related cost-savings 
        initiatives during the fiscal year in which such report is 
        submitted.

SEC. 1007. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES RECOMMENDATIONS ON 
              AUDIT CAPABILITIES AND INFRASTRUCTURE AND RELATED 
              MATTERS.

    (a) Bi-monthly Summary of Status of Audit Corrective Action Plan.--
The Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall assemble on a bi-
monthly basis a management summary of the current status of actions 
under the consolidated audit corrective action plan (CAP) with respect 
to the critical audit capabilities and associated infrastructure of the 
Department of Defense, the military departments, the Defense Agencies, 
and other organizations and elements of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Centralized Monitoring and Reporting Process.--The Under 
Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall develop and implement a 
centralized monitoring and reporting process that captures and 
maintains up-to-date information, including the standard data elements 
recommended in the Implementation Guide for OMB Circular A-123, for all 
corrective action plans Department of Defense-wide that pertain to 
critical audit capabilities and associated infrastructure.

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

SEC. 1011. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO SUPPORT A UNIFIED 
              COUNTERDRUG AND COUNTERTERRORISM CAMPAIGN IN COLOMBIA.

    (a) Extension.--Section 1021 of the Ronald W. Reagan National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 118 
Stat. 2042), as most recently amended by section 1013 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
Stat. 2385), is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``2019'' and 
        inserting ``2022''; and
            (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``2019'' and inserting 
        ``2022''.
    (b) Scope of Authority.--Subsection (a) of such section 1021 is 
further amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``organizations 
        designated as'' and all that follows and inserting ``terrorist 
        organizations and other illegally armed groups determined by 
        the Secretary of Defense to pose a significant threat to the 
        national security interests of the United States.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``authority'' and all 
        that follows and inserting ``authority as follows:
            ``(A) To protect human health and welfare in emergency 
        circumstances, including the undertaking of rescue operations.
            ``(B) To support efforts to demobilize, disarm, and 
        reintegrate members of illegally armed groups.''.

                Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

SEC. 1016. POLICY OF THE UNITED STATES ON MINIMUM NUMBER OF BATTLE 
              FORCE SHIPS.

    (a) Policy.--It shall be the policy of the United States to have 
available, as soon as practicable, not fewer than 355 battle force 
ships, comprised of the optimal mix of platforms, with funding subject 
to the availability of appropriations or other funds.
    (b) Battle Force Ships Defined.--In this section, the term ``battle 
force ships'' has the meaning given the term in Secretary of the Navy 
Instruction 5030.8C.

SEC. 1017. OPERATIONAL READINESS OF LITTORAL COMBAT SHIPS ON EXTENDED 
              DEPLOYMENT.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 7310 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``Under Jurisdiction of the Secretary of 
        the Navy'' in the subsection heading after ``Vessels'';
            (2) by striking ``A naval vessel (or any other vessel under 
        the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Navy)'' and inserting 
        ``(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), a naval vessel''; 
        and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), in the case of a naval vessel 
classified as a Littoral Combat Ship and operating on deployment, 
corrective and preventive maintenance or repair (whether intermediate 
or depot level) and facilities maintenance may be performed on the 
vessel--
            ``(i) in a foreign shipyard;
            ``(ii) at a facility outside of a foreign shipyard; or
            ``(iii) at any other facility convenient to the vessel.
    ``(B)(i) Corrective and preventive maintenance or repair may be 
performed on a vessel as described in subparagraph (A) if the work is 
performed by United States Government personnel or United States 
contractor personnel.
    ``(ii) Facilities maintenance may be performed by a foreign 
contractor on a vessel as described in subparagraph (A) only as 
approved by the Secretary of the Navy.''.
    (b) Definitions.--Such section is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `corrective and preventive maintenance or 
        repair' means--
                    ``(A) maintenance or repair actions performed as a 
                result of a failure in order to return or restore 
                equipment to acceptable performance levels; and
                    ``(B) scheduled maintenance or repair actions to 
                prevent or discover functional failures.
            ``(2) The term `facilities maintenance' means preservation 
        or corrosion control efforts and cleaning services.''.
    (c) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading of such section is 
        amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 7310. Overhaul, repair, and maintenance of vessels in foreign 
              shipyards and facilities: restrictions; exceptions''.
            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 633 of such title is amended by striking 
        the item relating to section 7310 and inserting the following 
        new item:

``7310. Overhaul, repair, and maintenance of vessels in foreign 
                            shipyards and facilities: restrictions; 
                            exceptions.''.

SEC. 1018. AUTHORITY TO PURCHASE USED VESSELS TO RECAPITALIZE THE READY 
              RESERVE FORCE AND THE MILITARY SEALIFT COMMAND SURGE 
              FLEET.

    (a) Deposit of Additional Funds in National Defense Sealift Fund.--
            (1) Other funds made available to department of the navy.--
        Subsection (d) of section 2218 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) Any other funds made available to the Department of 
        the Navy for carrying out the purposes of the Fund set forth in 
        subsection (c).''.
            (2) Expiration of funds after 5 years.--Subsection (g) of 
        such section is amended by striking ``subsection (d)(1)'' and 
        inserting ``paragraph (1) or (4) of subsection (d)''.
    (b) Authority To Purchase Used Vessels.--Subsection (f) of such 
section is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3)(A) Notwithstanding the limitations in paragraph (1) and 
subsection (c)(1)(E), the Secretary of Defense may, as part of a 
program to recapitalize the Ready Reserve Force component of the 
National Defense Reserve Fleet and the Military Sealift Command surge 
fleet, purchase used vessels, regardless of where constructed, from 
among vessels previously participating in the Maritime Security Fleet, 
if available at a reasonable cost (as determined by the Secretary). If 
such previously participating vessels are not available at a reasonable 
cost, used vessels comparable to such previously participating vessels 
may be purchased from any source, regardless of where constructed, if 
available at a reasonable cost (as determined by the Secretary).
    ``(B) In exercising the authority in subparagraph (A), the 
Secretary shall purchase used vessels constructed in the United States, 
if available at a reasonable cost (as determined by the Secretary).
    ``(C) In exercising the authority in subparagraph (A), the 
Secretary shall ensure that any conversion, modernization, maintenance, 
or repair of vessels occurs in shipyards located in the United States, 
except in emergency situations (as determined by the Secretary).''.
    (c) Definition of Maritime Security Fleet.--Subsection (k) of such 
section is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) The term `Maritime Security Fleet' means the fleet 
        established under section 53102(a) of title 46.''.
    (d) Technical Amendment.--Subsection (i) of such section is amended 
by striking ``(50 U.S.C. App. 1744)'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 
4405)''.

SEC. 1019. SURVEYING SHIPS.

    (a) Surveying Ship Requirement.--Not later than 120 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Chief of Naval Operations shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report setting forth a 
force structure assessment that establishes a surveying ship 
requirement. The Chief of Naval Operations shall conduct the assessment 
for purposes of the report, and may limit the assessment to surveying 
ships.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``surveying ship'' has the meaning given the 
        term in Secretary of the Navy Instruction 5030.8C.
            (2) The term ``force structure assessment'' has the meaning 
        given the term in Chief of Naval Operations Instruction 
        3050.27.

SEC. 1020. PILOT PROGRAM ON FUNDING FOR NATIONAL DEFENSE SEALIFT 
              VESSELS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy may carry out a pilot 
program to assess the feasability and advisability of the use of the 
authorities specified in subsection (b) in connection with research and 
development and operation, maintenance, and lease or charter of 
national defense sealift vessels.
    (b) Authorities.--The authorities specified in this subsection are 
authorities as follows:
            (1) To derive funds for obligations and expenditures for 
        research and development relating to national defense sealift 
        vessels from the Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation, 
        Navy account.
            (2) To derive funds for obligations and expenditures for 
        operation, maintenance, and lease or charter of national 
        defense sealift vessels from the Operation and Maintenance, 
        Navy account.
            (3) To use funds in the account referred to in paragraph 
        (1) for obligations and expenditures described in that 
        paragraph, and to use funds in the account referred to in 
        paragraph (2) for obligations and expenditures described in 
        that paragraph, without the transfer of such funds to the 
        National Defense Sealift Fund.
    (c) Limitation.--The authorities in subsection (b) may be used 
under the pilot program only with respect to applicable amounts 
authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Defense for fiscal 
years 2018 and 2019.
    (d) Continuing Availability of NDSF Funds.--Nothing in this section 
shall be construed to prohibit the use of amounts available in the 
National Defense Sealift Fund for fiscal years 2018 and 2019 for use 
for the purposes of the Fund under section 2218(c) of title 10, United 
States Code, in such fiscal years.
    (e) Reports.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the 
        conclusion of the pilot program, the Secretary, the Commander 
        of the United States Transportation Command, and the 
        Administrator of the Maritime Administration each shall submit 
        to the congressional defense committees an independent report 
        on the pilot program.
            (2) Elements.--Each report shall include the following:
                    (A) A description of lessons learned from the pilot 
                program regarding the efficacy of funding national 
                defense sealift vessel requirements using the accounts 
                specified in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (b) 
                rather than the National Defense Sealift Fund.
                    (B) An assessment of potential operational, 
                financial, and other significant impacts if the pilot 
                program is made permanent.
                    (C) Such recommendations as the official submitting 
                such report considers appropriate regarding 
                modifications of section 2218 of title 10, United 
                States Code, in light of the pilot program.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``national defense sealift vessel'' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 2218(k)(3) of title 10, 
        United States Code.
            (2) The term ``National Defense Sealift Fund'' means the 
        Fund established by section 2218 of title 10, United States 
        Code.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

SEC. 1031. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OR 
              RELEASE OF INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT UNITED STATES NAVAL 
              STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA, TO THE UNITED STATES.

    Section 1032 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended by striking ``December 31, 
2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018''.

SEC. 1032. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS TO CONSTRUCT OR 
              MODIFY FACILITIES IN THE UNITED STATES TO HOUSE DETAINEES 
              TRANSFERRED FROM UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO 
              BAY, CUBA.

    Section 1033(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended by striking ``December 
31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018''.

SEC. 1033. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OR 
              RELEASE TO CERTAIN COUNTRIES OF INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT 
              UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

    Section 1034 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended by striking ``December 31, 
2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018''.

SEC. 1034. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR REALIGNMENT OF 
              FORCES AT OR CLOSURE OF UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, 
              GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

    Section 1035 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2391) is amended by striking 
``fiscal year 2017'' and inserting ``any of fiscal years 2017 through 
2021''.

SEC. 1035. AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT UNITED STATES 
              NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA, TO THE UNITED STATES 
              TEMPORARILY FOR EMERGENCY OR CRITICAL MEDICAL TREATMENT.

    (a) Temporary Transfer for Medical Treatment.--Notwithstanding 
section 1032 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2017 (Public Law 114-328), as amended by section 1031 of this Act, or 
any similar provision of law enacted after September 30, 2015, the 
Secretary of Defense may, after consultation with the Secretary of 
Homeland Security, temporarily transfer an individual detained at 
Guantanamo to a Department of Defense medical facility in the United 
States for the sole purpose of providing the individual medical 
treatment if the Secretary of Defense determines that--
            (1) the medical treatment of the individual is necessary to 
        prevent death or imminent significant injury or harm to the 
        health of the individual;
            (2) the necessary medical treatment is not available to be 
        provided at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, 
        without incurring excessive and unreasonable costs; and
            (3) the Department of Defense has provided for appropriate 
        security measures for the custody and control of the individual 
        during any period in which the individual is temporarily in the 
        United States under this section.
    (b) Limitation on Exercise of Authority.--The authority of the 
Secretary of Defense under subsection (a) may be exercised only by the 
Secretary of Defense or another official of the Department of Defense 
at the level of Under Secretary of Defense or higher.
    (c) Conditions of Transfer.--An individual who is temporarily 
transferred under the authority in subsection (a) shall--
            (1) while in the United States, remain in the custody and 
        control of the Secretary of Defense at all times; and
            (2) be returned to United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
        Bay, Cuba, as soon as feasible after a Department of Defense 
        physician determines, in consultation with the Commander, Joint 
        Task Force-Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, that any necessary follow-up 
        medical care may reasonably be provided the individual at 
        United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay.
    (d) Status While in United States.--An individual who is 
temporarily transferred under the authority in subsection (a), while in 
the United States--
            (1) shall be deemed at all times and in all respects to be 
        in the uninterrupted custody of the Secretary of Defense, as 
        though the individual remained physically at United States 
        Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba;
            (2) shall not at any time be subject to, and may not apply 
        for or obtain, or be deemed to enjoy, any right, privilege, 
        status, benefit, or eligibility for any benefit under any 
        provision of the immigration laws (as defined in section 
        101(a)(17) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
        1101(a)(17)), or any other law or regulation;
            (3) shall not be permitted to avail himself of any right, 
        privilege, or benefit of any law of the United States beyond 
        those available to individuals detained at United States Naval 
        Station, Guantanamo Bay; and
            (4) shall not, as a result of such transfer, have a change 
        in any designation that may have attached to that detainee 
        while detained at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
        pursuant to the Authorization for Use of Military Force (Public 
        Law 107-40), as determined in accordance with applicable law 
        and regulations.
    (e) No Cause of Action.--Any decision to transfer or not to 
transfer an individual made under the authority in subsection (a) shall 
not give rise to any claim or cause of action.
    (f) Limitation on Judicial Review.--
            (1) Limitation.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), no 
        court, justice, or judge shall have jurisdiction to hear or 
        consider any claim or action against the United States or its 
        departments, agencies, officers, employees, or agents arising 
        from or relating to any aspect of the detention, transfer, 
        treatment, or conditions of confinement of an individual 
        transferred under this section.
            (2) Exception for habeas corpus.--The United States 
        District Court for the District of Columbia shall have 
        exclusive jurisdiction to consider an application for writ of 
        habeas corpus seeking release from custody filed by or on 
        behalf of an individual who is in the United States pursuant to 
        a temporary transfer under the authority in subsection (a). 
        Such jurisdiction shall be limited to that required by the 
        Constitution, and relief shall be only as provided in paragraph 
        (3). In such a proceeding the court may not review, halt, or 
        stay the return of the individual who is the object of the 
        application to United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
        Cuba, pursuant to subsection (c).
            (3) Relief.--A court order in a proceeding covered by 
        paragraph (2)--
                    (A) may not order the release of the individual 
                within the United States; and
                    (B) shall be limited to an order of release from 
                custody which, when final, the Secretary of Defense 
                shall implement in accordance with section 1034 of the 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
                (10 U.S.C. 801 note).
    (g) Notification.--Whenever a temporary transfer of an individual 
detained at Guantanamo is made under the authority of subsection (a), 
the Secretary of Defense shall notify the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and the House of Representatives of the transfer not 
later than five days after the date on which the transfer is made.
    (h) Individual Detained at Guantanamo Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' means an individual 
located at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, as of 
October 1, 2009, who--
            (1) is not a national of the United States (as defined in 
        section 101(a)(22) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
        U.S.C. 1101(a)(22)) or a member of the Armed Forces of the 
        United States; and
            (2) is--
                    (A) in the custody or under the control of the 
                Department of Defense; or
                    (B) otherwise detained at United States Naval 
                Station, Guantanamo Bay.
    (i) Applicability.--This section shall apply to an individual 
temporarily transferred under the authority in subsection (a) 
regardless of the status of any pending or completed proceeding or 
detention on the date of the enactment of this Act.

         Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

SEC. 1041. MATTERS RELATING TO THE SUBMITTAL OF FUTURE-YEARS DEFENSE 
              PROGRAMS.

    (a) Timing of Submittal to Congress.--Subsection (a) of section 221 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``at or about 
the same time'' and inserting ``not later than five days after the date 
on which''.
    (b) Manner and Form of Submittal.--Such section is further 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) by inserting ``make available to 
        United States Government entities and'' before ``submit to 
        Congress''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d)(1) The Secretary of Defense shall make available to United 
States Government entities and submit to Congress each future-years 
defense program under this section as follows:
            ``(A) By making such program available on an Internet 
        website of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) 
        available to United States Government in the form of an 
        unclassified electronic database.
            ``(B) By delivering printed copies of such program to the 
        congressional defense committee.
    ``(2) In the event inclusion of classified material in a future-
years defense program would otherwise render the totality of the 
program classified for purposes of this subsection--
            ``(A) such program shall be made available to United States 
        Government entities and submitted to Congress in unclassified 
        form, with such material attached as a classified annex; and
            ``(B) such annex shall be submitted to the congressional 
        defense committees, the Congressional Budget Office, the 
        Comptroller General of the United States, and the Congressional 
        Research Service.''.
    (c) Accuracy of Information.--Such section is further amended by 
adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Each future-years defense program under this subsection shall 
be accompanied by a certification by the Under Secretary of Defense 
(Comptroller), in the case of the Department of Defense, and the 
comptroller of each military department, in the case of such military 
department, that any information entered into the Standard Data 
Collection System of the Department of Defense, the Comptroller 
Information System, or any other data system, as applicable, for 
purposes of assembling such future-years defense program was 
accurate.''.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of section 221 of such 
        title is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 221. Future-years defense program: consistency in budgeting; 
              availability to United States Government entities and 
              submittal to Congress''.
            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 9 of such title is amended by striking the 
        item relating to section 221 and inserting the following new 
        item:

``221. Future-years defense program: consistency in budgeting; 
                            availability to United States Government 
                            entities and submittal to Congress.''.
    (e) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply to 
future-years defense programs submitted at the time of budgets of the 
President for fiscal years beginning after fiscal year 2018.
    (f) DoD Guidance.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in coordination 
with the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), update Department of 
Defense Financial Management Regulation 7000.14-R, and any other 
appropriate instructions and guidance, to ensure that the Department of 
Defense takes appropriate actions to comply with the amendments made by 
this section in the submittal of future-years defense programs in 
calendar years after calendar year 2017.

SEC. 1042. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE INTEGRATION OF INFORMATION OPERATIONS 
              AND CYBER-ENABLED INFORMATION OPERATIONS.

    (a) Integration of Department of Defense Information Operations and 
Cyber-enabled Information Operations.--
            (1) Establishment of cross-functional task force.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
                establish a cross-functional task force consistent with 
                section 911(c)(1) of the National Defense Authorization 
                Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (114-328; 10 U.S.C. 111 note) 
                to integrate across the organizations of the Department 
                of Defense responsible for information operations, 
                military deception, public affairs, electronic warfare, 
                and cyber operations to produce integrated strategy, 
                planning, and budgeting to counter, deter, and conduct 
                strategic information operations and cyber-enabled 
                information operations.
                    (B) Duties.--The task force shall carry out the 
                following:
                            (i) Development of a strategic framework 
                        for the conduct by the Department of Defense of 
                        information operations, including cyber-enabled 
                        information operations, coordinated across all 
                        relevant Department of Defense entities, 
                        including both near-term and long-term guidance 
                        for the conduct of such coordinated operations.
                            (ii) Development and dissemination of a 
                        common operating paradigm across the 
                        organizations specified in subparagraph (A) of 
                        the influence, deception, and propaganda 
                        activities of key malign actors, including in 
                        cyberspace.
                            (iii) Development of guidance for, and 
                        promotion of, the liaison capability of the 
                        Department to interact with the private sector, 
                        including social media, on matters related to 
                        the influence activities of malign actors.
            (2) Head of cross-functional task force.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
                appoint as the head of the task force such individual 
                as the Secretary considers appropriate from among 
                individuals serving in the Department as an Under 
                Secretary of Defense or in such other position within 
                the Department of lesser order of precedence.
                    (B) Responsibilities.--The responsibilities of the 
                head of the task force are as follows:
                            (i) Oversight of strategic policy and 
                        guidance.
                            (ii) Overall resource allocation for the 
                        integration of information operations and cyber 
                        operations of the Department.
                            (iii) Ensuring the task force faithfully 
                        pursues the purpose set forth in subparagraph 
                        (A) of paragraph (1) and carries out its duties 
                        as set forth in subparagraph (B) of such 
                        paragraph.
                            (iv) Carrying out such activities as are 
                        required of the head of the task force under 
                        subsections (b) and (c).
    (b) Requirements and Plans for Information Operations.--
            (1) Combatant command planning.--The Secretary shall 
        require each commander of a combatant command to develop such 
        requirements and specific plans as may be necessary for the 
        conduct of information operations, including plans for 
        deterring information operations, particularly in the cyber 
        domain, by malign actors against the United States, allies of 
        the United States, and interests of the United States.
            (2) Implementation plan for department of defense strategy 
        for operations in the information environment.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act, the head of the task 
                force shall--
                            (i) review the Department of Defense 
                        Strategy for Operations in the Information 
                        Environment, dated June 2016; and
                            (ii) submit to the congressional defense 
                        committees a plan for implementation of such 
                        strategy.
                    (B) Elements.--The implementation plan shall 
                include, at a minimum, the following:
                            (i) An accounting of the efforts undertaken 
                        in support of the strategy described in 
                        subparagraph (A)(i) since it was issued in June 
                        2016.
                            (ii) A description of any updates or 
                        changes to such strategy that have been made 
                        since it was first issued, as well as any 
                        expected updates or changes in light of the 
                        establishment of the task force.
                            (iii) A description of the role of the 
                        Department as part of a broader whole-of-
                        government strategy for strategic 
                        communications, including assumptions about the 
                        roles and contributions of other Government 
                        departments and agencies to such a strategy.
                            (iv) Defined actions, performance metrics, 
                        and projected timelines to achieve the 
                        following specified tasks:
                                    (I) Train, educate, and prepare 
                                commanders and their staffs, and the 
                                Joint Force as a whole, to lead, 
                                manage, and conduct operations in the 
                                information environment.
                                    (II) Train, educate, and prepare 
                                information operations professionals 
                                and practitioners to enable effective 
                                operations in the information 
                                environment.
                                    (III) Manage information operations 
                                professionals, practitioners, and 
                                organizations to meet emerging 
                                operational needs.
                                    (IV) Establish a baseline 
                                assessment of current ability of the 
                                Department to conduct operations in the 
                                information environment, including an 
                                identification of the types of units 
                                and organizations currently responsible 
                                for building and employing information-
                                related capabilities and an assignment 
                                of appropriate roles and missions for 
                                each type of unit or organization.
                                    (V) Develop the ability of the 
                                Department and operating forces to 
                                engage, assess, characterize, forecast, 
                                and visualize the information 
                                environment.
                                    (VI) Develop and maintain the 
                                proper capabilities and capacity to 
                                operate effectively in the information 
                                environment in coordination with 
                                implementation of related cyber and 
                                other strategies.
                                    (VII) Develop and maintain the 
                                capability to assess accurately the 
                                effect of operations in the information 
                                environment.
                                    (VIII) Adopt, adapt, and develop 
                                new science and technology for the 
                                Department to operate effectively in 
                                the information environment.
                                    (IX) Develop and adapt information 
                                environment-related concepts, policies, 
                                and guidance.
                                    (X) Ensure doctrine relevant to 
                                operations in the information 
                                environment remains current and 
                                responsive based on lessons learned and 
                                best practices.
                                    (XI) Develop, update, and de-
                                conflict authorities and permissions, 
                                as appropriate, to enable effective 
                                operations in the information 
                                environment.
                                    (XII) Establish and maintain 
                                partnerships among Department and 
                                interagency partners to enable more 
                                effective whole-of-government 
                                operations in the information 
                                environment.
                                    (XIII) Establish and maintain 
                                appropriate interaction with entities 
                                that are not part of the Federal 
                                Government, including entities in 
                                industry, entities in academia, 
                                Federally funded research and 
                                development centers, and other 
                                organizations, to enable operations in 
                                the information environment.
                                    (XIV) Establish and maintain 
                                collaboration between and among the 
                                Department and international partners, 
                                including partner countries and 
                                nongovernmental organizations, to 
                                enable more effective operations in the 
                                information environment.
                                    (XV) Foster, enhance, and leverage 
                                partnership capabilities and 
                                capacities.
                            (v) An analysis of any personnel, 
                        resourcing, capability, authority, or other 
                        gaps that will need to be addressed to ensure 
                        effective implementation of the strategy 
                        described in subparagraph (A)(i) across all 
                        relevant elements of the Department.
                            (vi) An investment framework and projected 
                        timeline for addressing any gaps identified 
                        under clause (v).
                            (vii) Such other matters as the Secretary 
                        of Defense considers relevant.
                    (C) Periodic status reports.--Not later than 90 
                days after the date on which the implementation plan is 
                submitted under subparagraph (A)(ii) and not less 
                frequently than once every 90 days thereafter until the 
                date that is three years after the date of such 
                submittal, the head of the task force shall submit to 
                the congressional defense committees a report 
                describing the status of the efforts of the Department 
                to accomplish the tasks specified under clauses (iv) 
                and (vi) of subparagraph (B).
    (c) Training and Education.--Consistent with the elements of the 
implementation plan required under clauses (i) and (ii) of subsection 
(b)(2)(B)(4), the head of the task force shall establish programs to 
provide training and education to such members of the Armed Forces and 
civilian employees of the Department of Defense as the Secretary 
considers appropriate to ensure understanding of the role of 
information in warfare, the central goal of all military operations to 
affect the perceptions, views, and decision-making of adversaries, and 
the effective management and conduct of operations in the information 
environment.
    (d) Establishment of Defense Intelligence Officer for Information 
Operations and Cyber Operations.--The Secretary shall establish a 
position within the Department of Defense known as the ``Defense 
Intelligence Officer for Information Operations and Cyber Operations''.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``head of the task force'' means the head 
        appointed under subsection (a)(2)(A).
            (2) The term ``implementation plan'' means the plan 
        required by subsection (b)(2)(A)(ii).
            (3) The term ``task force'' means the cross-functional task 
        force established under subsection (a)(1)(A).

SEC. 1043. PROHIBITION ON LOBBYING ACTIVITIES WITH RESPECT TO THE 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BY CERTAIN OFFICERS OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES AND CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES OF THE DEPARTMENT WITHIN 
              TWO YEARS OF SEPARATION FROM MILITARY SERVICE OR 
              EMPLOYMENT WITH THE DEPARTMENT.

    (a) Prohibition.--An individual described in subsection (b) may not 
engage in lobbying activities with respect to the Department of Defense 
during the two-year period beginning on the date of retirement or 
separation from service in the Armed Forces or the date of retirement 
or separation from service with the Department, as applicable.
    (b) Covered Individuals.--An individual described in this section 
is the following:
            (1) An officer of the Armed Forces in grade O-7 or higher 
        at the time of retirement or separation from the Armed Forces.
            (2) A civilian employee of the Department of Defense at the 
        Senior Executive Service (SES) level or higher at the time of 
        retirement or separation from service with the Department.
    (c) Lobbying Activities With Respect to the Department of Defense 
Defined.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``lobbying activities with respect to the 
        Department of Defense'' means the following:
                    (A) Lobbying contacts and other lobbying activities 
                with covered executive branch officials and covered 
                legislative branch officials with respect to the 
                Department of Defense.
                    (B) Lobbying contacts with covered executive branch 
                officials described in subparagraphs (C) through (F) of 
                section 3(3) of the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 (2 
                U.S.C. 1602(3)) in the Department of Defense.
            (2) The term ``lobbying activities'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 3(7) of the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 
        1995 (2 U.S.C. 1602(7)).
            (3) The term ``covered executive branch official'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 3(3) of the Lobbying 
        Disclosure Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1602(3)).
            (4) The term ``covered legislative branch official'' has 
        the meaning given that term in section 3(4) of the Lobbying 
        Disclosure Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1602(4)).

SEC. 1044. DEFINITION OF ``UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE'' FOR PURPOSES OF 
              TITLE 10, UNITED STATES CODE.

    Section 101(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(6) Unmanned aerial vehicle.--The term `unmanned aerial 
        vehicle'--
                    ``(A) means an aerial vehicle that is not 
                controlled by a human being after launch, such as a 
                cruise missile; and
                    ``(B) does not include a remotely piloted aerial 
                vehicle if the vehicle is controlled by a human being 
                after launch.''.

SEC. 1045. TECHNICAL AMENDMENT RELATING TO MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY 
              TECHNICIANS.

    Section 1053(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2016 (10 U.S.C. 10216 note) is amended by striking ``20 
percent'' and inserting ``12.6 percent''.

SEC. 1046. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF 
              LEGACY MARITIME MINE COUNTERMEASURE PLATFORMS.

    Section 1045(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended in the matter 
preceding paragraph (1) by striking ``authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 for the 
Navy'' and inserting ``authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
available for the Navy for fiscal year 2017 or 2018''.

SEC. 1047. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE BASING OF KC-46A AIRCRAFT OUTSIDE 
              THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES.

    (a) Finding.--Congress finds that the Department of Defense is 
continuing its process of permanently stationing KC-46A aircraft at 
installations in the continental United States (CONUS) and forward-
basing outside the continental United States (OCONUS).
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Secretary of the Air Force, as part of the strategic basing process for 
KC-46A aircraft, should continue to place emphasis on and consider the 
benefits derived from locations outside the continental United States 
that--
            (1) support day-to-day air refueling operations, operations 
        plans of the combatant commands, and flexibility for 
        contingency operations, and have--
                    (A) a strategic location that is essential to the 
                defense of the United States and its interests;
                    (B) receivers for boom or probe-and-drogue training 
                opportunities with joint and international partners; 
                and
                    (C) sufficient airfield and airspace availability 
                and capacity to meet requirements; and
            (2) possess facilities that--
                    (A) take full advantage of existing infrastructure 
                to provide--
                            (i) runway, hangars, and aircrew and 
                        maintenance operations; and
                            (ii) sufficient fuels receipt, storage, and 
                        distribution capacities for a 5-day peacetime 
                        operating stock; and
                    (B) minimize overall construction and operational 
                costs.

SEC. 1048. AUTHORIZATION TO PROCURE UP TO SIX POLAR-CLASS ICEBREAKERS.

    (a) Authority To Procure Icebreakers.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the department in which 
        the Coast Guard is operating may, in consultation with the 
        Secretary of the Navy, enter into a contract or contracts for 
        the procurement of up to six polar-class icebreakers, 
        including--
                    (A) polar-class heavy icebreakers; and
                    (B) polar-class medium icebreakers.
            (2) Condition for out-year contract payments.--A contract 
        entered into under paragraph (1) shall provide that any 
        obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
        contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2018 is subject to 
        the availability of appropriations or funds for that purpose 
        for such later fiscal year.
    (b) Comptroller General of the United States Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 45 days after the date of 
        the enactment of the this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
        United States shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
        of the Senate and the House of Representatives, the Committee 
        on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate, and the 
        Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives a report assessing the cost and procurement 
        schedule for new United States icebreakers.
            (2) Elements.--The report required in paragraph (1) shall 
        include an analysis of the following:
                    (A) The current status of the efforts of the Coast 
                Guard to acquire new icebreaking capability, including 
                coordination through the Integrated Program Office.
                    (B) Actions being taken by the Coast Guard to 
                incorporate key practices from other nations that 
                procure icebreakers to increase knowledge and reduce 
                costs and risks.
                    (C) The extent by which the cost and schedule for 
                building Coast Guard icebreakers differs from those in 
                other countries, if known.
                    (D) The extent that innovative acquisition 
                practices (such as multiyear funding and block buys) 
                may be applied to icebreaker acquisition to reduce the 
                cost and accelerate the schedule.
                    (E) A capacity replacement plan to mitigate a 
                potential icebreaker capability gap if the Polar Star 
                cannot remain in service.
                    (F) Any other matters the Comptroller General 
                considers appropriate.

                    Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

SEC. 1061. ASSESSMENT OF GLOBAL FORCE POSTURE.

    (a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in 
consultation with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the 
commanders of the combatant commands, provide for and oversee an 
assessment of the global force posture of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Report.--Not later than the earlier of 180 days after the 
production of the 2018 National Defense Strategy (which is intended to 
be closely coordinated with and complementary to a new National 
Security Strategy) or December 31, 2018, the Secretary shall submit to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the assessment required by subsection (a). 
The report shall include the following:
            (1) Recommendations for force size, structure, and basing 
        in Europe, the Middle East, and Asia Pacific that reflect and 
        complement the force sizing construct included in the 2018 
        National Defense Strategy in order to guide the growth of the 
        force structure of the Armed Forces, which recommendations 
        shall be based on an evaluation of the relative costs of 
        rotational and forward-based forces as well as impacts to 
        deployment timelines of threats to lines of communication and 
        anti-access area denial capabilities of potential adversaries.
            (2) An assessment by each commander of a geographic 
        combatant command of the capability and force structure gaps 
        within the context of an evaluation of the potential threats in 
        the theater of operations of the combatant command concerned 
        and the operation plans that such combatant command are 
        expected to execute.
            (3) An evaluation of the concept of operations and the 
        sources of manpower for headquarters required to oversee and 
        direct execution of current operations plans.

SEC. 1062. ARMY MODERNIZATION STRATEGY.

    (a) Strategy Required.--The Secretary of the Army shall develop a 
modernization strategy for the total Army.
    (b) Elements.--The strategy required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) A comprehensive description of the future total Army, 
        including key objectives, war fighting challenges, and risks, 
        sufficient to establish requirements, set priorities, identify 
        opportunity costs, and establish acquisition time lines for the 
        total Army over a period beyond the period of the current 
        future-years defense program under section 221 of title 10, 
        United States Code.
            (2) Mechanisms for identifying programs of the Army that 
        may be unnecessary, or do not perform according to 
        expectations, in achieving the future total Army.
            (3) A comprehensive description of the manner in which the 
        future total Army intends to fight and win as part of a joint 
        force engaged in combat across all operational domains.
            (4) A comprehensive description of the mechanisms required 
        by the future total Army to maintain command, control, and 
        communications and sustainment.
    (c) Particular Considerations.--In developing the strategy required 
by subsection (a), the Secretary shall take into particular account the 
following:
            (1) Current trends and developments in weapons and 
        equipment technologies.
            (2) New tactics and force design of peer adversaries, 
        including the rapid pace of development of such tactics and 
        force design by such adversaries.
    (d) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees the strategy required by 
        subsection (a).
            (2) Form.--If the report is submitted in classified form, 
        the report shall be accompanied by an unclassified summary.

SEC. 1063. REPORT ON ARMY PLAN TO IMPROVE OPERATIONAL UNIT READINESS BY 
              REDUCING NUMBER OF NON-DEPLOYABLE SOLDIERS ASSIGNED TO 
              OPERATIONAL UNITS.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the plans of the Army to improve operational 
unit readiness in the Army by reducing the number of non-deployable 
soldiers assigned to operational units of the Army and replacing such 
soldiers with soldiers capable of world-wide deployment.

SEC. 1064. EFFORTS TO COMBAT PHYSIOLOGICAL EPISODES ON CERTAIN NAVY 
              AIRCRAFT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and every 90 days thereafter until January 1, 
2020, the Secretary of the Navy shall provide to the congressional 
defense committees information on efforts by the Navy's Physiological 
Episode Team to combat the prevalence of physiological episodes in F/A-
18 Hornet and Super Hornet, EA-18G Growler, and T-45 Goshawk aircraft.
    (b) Elements.--The information required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
            (1) A description of Naval Aviation Enterprise activities 
        addressing physiological episodes during the reporting period.
            (2) An estimate of funding expended in support of the 
        activities described under paragraph (1).
            (3) A description of any planned or executed changes to 
        Physiological Episode Team structure or processes.
            (4) A description of activities planned for the upcoming 
        two quarters.
    (c) Form.--The information required under subsection (a) may be 
provided in a written report or a briefing.

SEC. 1065. STUDIES ON AIRCRAFT INVENTORIES FOR THE AIR FORCE.

    (a) Independent Studies.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide for 
        the performance of three independent studies of alternative 
        aircraft inventories through 2030, and an associated force-
        sizing construct, for the Air Force.
            (2) Submittal to congress.--Not later than March 1, 2019, 
        the Secretary shall submit the results of each study to the 
        congressional defense committees.
            (3) Form.--The result of each study shall be submitted in 
        unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (b) Entities To Perform Studies.--The Secretary shall provide for 
the studies under subsection (a) to be performed as follows:
            (1) One study shall be performed by the Secretary of the 
        Air Force, in consultation with the Director of the Office of 
        Net Assessment.
            (2) One study shall be performed by a federally funded 
        research and development center.
            (3) One study shall be conducted by an independent, 
        nongovernmental institute which is described in section 
        501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from 
        taxation under section 501(a) of such Code, and has recognized 
        credentials and expertise in national security and military 
        affairs.
    (c) Performance of Studies.--
            (1) Independent performance.--The Secretary shall require 
        the studies under this section to be conducted independently of 
        one another.
            (2) Matters to be considered.--In performing a study under 
        this section, the organization performing the study, while 
        being aware of current and projected aircraft inventories for 
        the Air Force, shall not be limited by such current or 
        projected aircraft inventories, and shall consider the 
        following matters:
                    (A) The national security and national defense 
                strategies of the United States.
                    (B) Potential future threats to the United States 
                and to United States air and space forces through 2030.
                    (C) Traditional roles and missions of the Air 
                Force.
                    (D) Alternative roles and missions for the Air 
                Force.
                    (E) The force-sizing methodology and rationale used 
                to calculated aircraft inventory levels.
                    (F) Other government and nongovernment analyses 
                that would contribute to the study through variations 
                in study assumptions or potential scenarios.
                    (G) The role of evolving technology on future air 
                forces, including unmanned and space systems.
                    (H) Opportunities for reduced operation and 
                sustainment costs.
                    (I) Current and projected capabilities of other 
                Armed Forces that could affect force structure 
                capability and capacity requirements of the Air Force.
    (d) Study Results.--The results of each study under this section 
shall--
            (1) identify a force-sizing construct for the Air Force 
        that connects national security strategy to aircraft 
        inventories;
            (2) present the alternative aircraft inventories 
        considered, with assumptions and possible scenarios identified 
        for each;
            (3) provide for presentation of minority views of study 
        participants; and
            (4) for the recommended inventories, provide--
                    (A) the numbers and types of aircraft, the numbers 
                and types of manned and unmanned aircraft, and the 
                basic capabilities of each of such platforms;
                    (B) describe the force-sizing rationale used to 
                arrive at the recommended inventory levels;
                    (C) other information needed to understand the 
                aircraft inventories in basic form and the supporting 
                analysis; and
                    (D) options to address aircraft types whose 
                retirement commences before 2030.

SEC. 1066. PLAN AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR INTERAGENCY VETTING OF FOREIGN 
              INVESTMENTS WITH POTENTIAL IMPACTS ON NATIONAL DEFENSE 
              AND NATIONAL SECURITY.

    (a) Plan and Recommendations Required.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall, in consultation with the Secretary of State and the Secretary of 
Treasury, assess and develop a plan, and recommendations for agencies 
of the United States Government other than the Department of Defense, 
to improve the effectiveness of interagency vetting of foreign 
investments that could potentially impair both the national security of 
the United States and the ability of the Department to defend the 
nation, specifically investments from nations that pose threats to the 
national security interests of the United States.
    (b) Objectives.--The assessment, plan, and recommendations required 
by subsection (a) shall have the following objectives:
            (1) To increase collaboration and coordination among the 
        Department of Defense and other agencies of the United States 
        Government, including the Director of National Intelligence, in 
        the identification and prevention of foreign investments that 
        could potentially impair the national security of the United 
        States and the ability of the Department to defend the nation.
            (2) To increase collaboration and cooperation among the 
        United States Government and governments of United States 
        allies and partners on investments described in paragraph (1), 
        including through information sharing.
            (3) To restrict investments described in paragraph (1) by 
        countries of special concern in critical technologies and 
        emerging technologies that are foundational for maintaining the 
        United States technological advantage.
    (c) Analysis of Issues.--The plan and recommendations required by 
subsection (a) shall be based upon the results of an analysis of issues 
as follows:
            (1) Whether the current interagency vetting processes and 
        policies place adequate focus on the country of origin of each 
        transaction, particularly when it is a country of special 
        concern, and whether certain transactions emanating from those 
        countries should be presumed to pose certain risks to the 
        ability of the Department to defend the nation.
            (2) What are the current or projected major vulnerabilities 
        of the Department pertaining to foreign investment, including 
        in the areas of cybersecurity, reliance on foreign suppliers in 
        the supply chain for defense equipment, limitations on access 
        to certain materials that are essential for national defense, 
        and the use of transportation assets and other critical 
        infrastructure for training, mobilizing, and deploying forces.
            (3) Whether the current interagency vetting process for 
        foreign investments--
                    (A) requires additional resources in order to be 
                effective;
                    (B) permits the Department adequate time to 
                thoroughly review transactions to conduct national 
                security threat assessments and also determine the 
                impacts of transactions on national defense;
                    (C) adequately takes into account risks to the 
                ability of the Department to defend the nation posed by 
                transactions before attempting to mitigate them in 
                various ways; and
                    (D) provides adequate monitoring and compliance of 
                agreements to mitigate such risks.
            (4) Whether other agencies of the United States Government, 
        including the Department of the Interior, are aware of the 
        counterintelligence risks posed to facilities of the Department 
        by purchases or leases of nearby Federal land and are 
        cooperative in providing information to permit a proper 
        assessment of those risks.
            (5) Whether and to what extent industrial espionage is 
        occurring against private United States companies to obtain 
        commercial secrets related to critical or foundational 
        technologies.
            (6) Whether and to what extent future foreign investments 
        have the potential for any of the following:
                    (A) To increase the cost to the Department of 
                acquiring or maintaining necessary defense-related 
                equipment and systems.
                    (B) To reduce the United States technological and 
                industrial advantage relative to any country of special 
                concern.
                    (C) To give any country of special concern a 
                heightened ability to conduct information warfare 
                against the United States, including through the spread 
                false or misleading information to the American public 
                and the manipulation of American public opinion on 
                critical public policy issues.
            (7) Whether currently mandated annual reports to Congress 
        on the interagency vetting of foreign investments provide 
        valuable information.
    (d) Elements.--The elements of the assessment, plan, and 
recommendations required by subsection (a) shall include the following:
            (1) A list of countries of special concern for investments 
        that could potentially impair the ability of the Department to 
        defend the nation.
            (2) A description of recent trends in foreign investment 
        transactions by countries of special concern, including joint 
        ventures, the sale of assets pursuant to bankruptcy, and the 
        purchase or lease of real estate in proximity to military 
        installations.
            (3) A description of any strategies used by countries of 
        special concern to exploit vulnerabilities in existing foreign 
        investment vetting processes and regulations.
            (4) An assessment of any market distortion or unfair 
        competition by any country of special concern that directly or 
        indirectly impairs the national security or the United States 
        and the ability of the Department to defend the nation.
    (e) Reports.--
            (1) Interim report.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
        the House of Representatives a report on the progress of the 
        Secretary in developing the plan and recommendations required 
        by subsection (a).
            (2) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        committees of Congress referred to in paragraph (1) a report 
        setting forth the plan and recommendations developed pursuant 
        to subsection (a).
            (3) Form.--Each report under this subsection shall be 
        submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
        annex.

SEC. 1067. REPORT ON AUTHORITIES FOR THE EMPLOYMENT, USE, AND STATUS OF 
              NATIONAL GUARD AND RESERVE TECHNICIANS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than April 1, 2018, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report setting forth the results of 
a review, undertaken by the Secretary for purposes of the report, of 
the following:
            (1) Authority for the employment, use, and status of 
        National Guard technicians under section 709 of title 32, 
        United States Code (commonly referred to as the ``National 
        Guard Technicians Act of 1968'').
            (2) Authorities for the employment, use, and status of 
        National Guard and Reserve technicians under sections 10216 
        through 10218 of title 10, United States Code.
            (3) Any other authorities on the employment, use, and 
        status of National Guard and Reserve technicians under law.
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of the review required pursuant to 
subsection (a) shall be as follows:
            (1) To define the mission and requirements of National 
        Guard and Reserve technicians.
            (2) To identify means to improve the management and 
        administration of the National Guard and Reserve technician 
        workforce.
            (3) To identify means to enhance the capability of the 
        Department of Defense to recruit and retain National Guard and 
        Reserve technicians.
            (4) To assess the current career progression tracks of 
        National Guard and Reserve technicians.
    (c) Consultation.--In conducting the review required pursuant to 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall consult with the Chief of the 
National Guard Bureau, the Chief of Army Reserve, the Chief of Air 
Force Reserve, and representatives of National Guard and Reserve 
technicians (including collective bargaining representatives of such 
technicians).
    (d) Inclusion of Recent Authorities in Review.--The Secretary shall 
ensure that the review required pursuant to subsection (a) takes into 
account authorities, and modifications of authorities, for the 
employment, use, and status of National Guard and Reserve technicians 
in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public 
Law 114-92) and the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2017 (Public Law 114-328).
    (e) Required Elements.--In meeting the purposes of the review as 
set forth in subsection (b), the review required pursuant to subsection 
(a) shall address, in particular, the following:
            (1) The extent to which National Guard and Reserve 
        technicians are assigned military duties inconsistent with, or 
        of a different nature than, their civilian duties, the impact 
        of such assignments on unit readiness, and the effect of such 
        assignments on the career progression of technicians.
            (2) The use by the Department of Defense (especially within 
        the National Guard) of selective retention boards to separate 
        National Guard and Reserve technicians from military service 
        (with the effect of thereby separating them from civilian 
        service) before they accrue a full, unreduced retirement 
        annuity in connection with Federal civilian service, and 
        whether that use is consistent with the authority in section 
        10216(f) of title 10, United States Code, that technicians be 
        permitted to remain in service past their mandatory separation 
        date until they qualify for an unreduced retirement annuity.
            (3) The feasibility and advisability of extending 
        eligibility for benefits under the TRICARE program to National 
        Guard and Reserve technicians, including the types, if any, of 
        benefits whose extension would be feasible and advisable.
            (4) The impact on recruitment and retention, and the 
        budgetary impact, of permitting National Guard and Reserve 
        technicians who receive an enlistment incentive before becoming 
        a technician to retain such incentive upon becoming a 
        technician.
    (f) Report Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) The results of the review undertaken pursuant to 
        subsection (a), including on the matters set forth in 
        subsections (b) and (e).
            (2) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
        action as the Secretary considers appropriate in light of the 
        review in order to improve and enhance the employment, use, and 
        status of National Guard and Reserve technicians.

SEC. 1068. CONFORMING REPEALS AND TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS IN CONNECTION 
              WITH REPORTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE WHOSE SUBMITTAL 
              TO CONGRESS HAS PREVIOUSLY BEEN TERMINATED BY LAW.

    (a) Title 10, United States Code.--Title 10, United States Code, is 
amended as follows:
            (1) Section 113(c) is amended--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (2);
                    (B) by striking ``(1)''; and
                    (C) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), and 
                (C) as paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), respectively.
            (2) Section 113 is further amended by striking subsection 
        (l).
            (3)(A) Section 115a is repealed.
            (B) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 2 is 
        amended by striking the item relating to section 115a.
            (4) Section 386(c)(1) is amended by striking ``331,''.
            (5)(A) Section 235 is repealed.
            (B) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 9 is 
        amended by striking the item relating to section 235.
            (6) Section 428 is amended by striking subsection (f).
            (7) Section 974(d) is amended by striking paragraph (3).
            (8) Section 1073b is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (a); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as 
                subsections (a) and (b), respectively.
            (9) Section 1597 is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (c);
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), and (f) 
                as subsections (c), (d), and (e), respectively; and
                    (C) in subsection (c), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (B), by striking ``or a master plan 
                prepared under subsection (c)''.
            (10) Section 1705 is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (f); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as 
                subsections (f) and (g), respectively.
            (11) Section 1722b is amended by striking subsection (c).
            (12) Section 1781b is amended by striking subsection (d).
            (13) Section 2193b is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (g); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection 
                (g).
            (14) Section 2262 is amended by striking subsection (d).
            (15) Section 2263 is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (b); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection 
                (b).
            (16)(A) Section 2277 is repealed.
            (B) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 135 
        is amended by striking the item relating to section 2277.
            (17) Section 2306b(l) is amended--
                    (A) by striking paragraphs (4) and (5); and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (6), (7), (8), and 
                (9) as paragraphs (4), (5), and (6), and (7), 
                respectively.
            (18)(A) Section 2313a is repealed.
            (B) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 137 
        is amended by striking the item relating to section 2313a.
            (19) Section 2330a is amended by striking subsection (c).
            (20) Section 2350j is amended by striking subsection (f).
            (21) Section 2410i(c) is amended by striking the second 
        sentence.
            (22) Section 2475 is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (a); and
                    (B) by striking ``(b) Notification of Decision To 
                Execute Plan.--''.
            (23) Section 2506 is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``(a) Departmental Guidance.--''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking subsection (b).
            (24) Section 2537 is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (b); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection 
                (b).
            (25) Section 2564 is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (e); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as 
                subsection (e) and (f), respectively.
            (26) Section 2831 is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (e);
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection 
                (e); and
                    (C) in subsection (e), as so redesignated--
                            (i) by striking ``(1) Except as provided in 
                        paragraphs (2) and (3), the Secretary'' and 
                        inserting ``The Secretary'';
                            (ii) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3); 
                        and
                            (iii) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) 
                        and (B) as paragraphs (1) and (2), 
                        respectively.
            (27) Section 2859 is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (c); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
                (c).
            (28) Section 2861 is amended by striking subsection (d).
            (29) Section 2866(b) is amended by striking paragraph (3).
            (30) Section 2912 is amended by striking subsection (d).
            (31)(A) Section 4316 is repealed.
            (B) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 401 
        is amended by striking the item relating to section 4316.
            (32) Section 5144(d) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``(1)'' before ``The Commander''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2).
            (33) Section 10504 is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``(a) Annual Report.--''; and
                    (B) by striking subsection (b).
    (b) Title 32, United States Code.--Section 509 of title 32, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (k); and
            (2) by redesignating subsections (l) and (m) as subsections 
        (k) and (l), respectively.
    (c) Title 5, United States Code.--Section 9902(f)(2) of title 5, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(A)'' after ``(2)''; and
            (2) by striking subparagraphs (B) and (C).
    (d) Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1985.--Section 1003 of 
the Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1985 (Public Law 98-525; 
22 U.S.C. 1928 note) is amended by striking subsections (c) and (d).
    (e) National Defense Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1989.--
Subsection (b) of section 1009 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act, Fiscal Year 1989 (Public Law 100-456; 22 U.S.C. 1928 note) is 
repealed.
    (f) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 
1991.--Section 211 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-189; 103 Stat. 1394) is amended by 
striking subsection (e).
    (g) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991.--
Section 1518 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
1991 (Public Law 101-510; 24 U.S.C. 418) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``Congress and'' in 
        the second sentence; and
            (2) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (2);
                    (B) by striking ``(1)'' before ``Not later than''; 
                and
                    (C) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as 
                paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively.
    (h) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994.--
Section 1603 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
1994 (Public Law 103-160; 22 U.S.C. 2751 note) is amended by striking 
subsection (d).
    (i) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995.--
Section 533 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
1995 (Public Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 113 note) is repealed.
    (j) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000.--
Section 366 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2000 (Public Law 106-65; 10 U.S.C. 113 note) is amended by striking 
subsection (f).
    (k) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002.--The 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002 (Public Law 
107-107) is amended as follows:
            (1) Section 346 (115 Stat. 1062) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsections (b) and (c); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
                (b).
            (2) Section 1008(d) (10 U.S.C. 113 note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``(1)'' before ``On each''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2).
    (l) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003.--
Section 817 of the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 10 U.S.C. 2306a note) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (d); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
    (m) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004.--
Section 1022 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 271 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (c); and
            (2) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
        (c) and (d), respectively.
    (n) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006.--The 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 
109-163) is amended as follows:
            (1) Section 123 (119 Stat. 3157) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (d); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection 
                (d).
            (2) Section 218(c) (119 Stat. 3171) is amended by striking 
        paragraph (3).
            (3) Section 1224 (10 U.S.C. 113 note) is repealed.
    (o) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007.--
Section 357 of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 22 U.S.C. 4865 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(a) Reconciliation Required.--''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (b).
    (p) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008.--The 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 
110-181) is amended as follows:
            (1) Section 328 (10 U.S.C. 4544 note) is amended by 
        striking subsection (b).
            (2) Section 330 (122 Stat. 68) is amended by striking 
        subsection (e).
            (3) Section 845 (5 U.S.C. App. 5 note) is repealed.
    (q) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009.--The 
Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 
(Public Law 110-417) is amended as follows:
            (1) Section 943 (122 Stat. 4578) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (e); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (f), (g), and (h) 
                as subsections (e), (f), and (g), respectively.
            (2) Section 1014 (122 Stat. 4586) is amended by striking 
        subsection (c).
            (3) Section 1048 (122 Stat. 4603) is repealed.
    (r) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010.--
Section 121 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2211) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (e); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e).
    (s) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011.--The 
Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 
(Public Law 111-383) is amended as follows:
            (1) Section 112(b) (124 Stat. 4153) is amended--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (3); and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph 
                (3).
            (2) Section 243 (10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (c); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as 
                subsections (c) and (d), respectively.
            (3) Section 866(d) (10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``(d) Reports.--'' and all that 
                follows through ``(2) Program assessment.--If the 
                Secretary'' and inserting the following:
    ``(d) Program Assessment.--If the Secretary''; and
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), and 
                (C) as paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), respectively, and 
                indenting the left margin of such paragraphs, as so 
                redesignated, two ems from the left margin.
            (4) Section 1054 (10 U.S.C. 113 note) is repealed.
    (t) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012.--The 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 
112-81) is amended as follows:
            (1) Subsection (b) of section 1102 (5 U.S.C. 9902 note) is 
        repealed.
            (2) Section 1207 (22 U.S.C. 2151 note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (n); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (o) and (p) as 
                subsections (n) and (o), respectively.
            (3) Section 2828 (10 U.S.C. 7291 note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``(a) Metering Required.--''; and
                    (B) by striking subsection (b).
            (4) Section 2867 (10 U.S.C. 2223a note) is amended by 
        striking subsection (d).
    (u) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013.--The 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 
112-239) is amended as follows:
            (1) Section 126 (126 Stat. 1657) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``(a) Designation Required.--''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking subsection (b).
            (2) Section 144 (126 Stat. 1663) is amended by striking 
        subsection (c).
            (3) Section 716 (10 U.S.C. 1074g note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (e); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as 
                subsections (e) and (f), respectively.
            (4) Section 738(e) (10 U.S.C. 1071 note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``Reports Required.--'' and all 
                that follows through ``Not later than'' and inserting 
                ``Report.--Not later than''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2).
            (5) Section 865 (126 Stat. 1861) is repealed.
            (6) Section 917 (126 Stat. 1878) is repealed.
            (7) Subsection (c) of section 921 (126 Stat. 1878) is 
        repealed.
            (8) Subsection (c) of section 1079 (10 U.S.C. 221 note) is 
        repealed.
            (9) Section 1211(d) (126 Stat. 1983) is amended--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (3); and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph 
                (3).
            (10) Section 1273 (22 U.S.C. 2421f) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (d); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection 
                (d).
            (11) Section 1276 (10 U.S.C. 2350c note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (e); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as 
                subsections (e) and (f), respectively.
    (v) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014.--The 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 
113-66) is amended as follows:
            (1) Section 907(c)(3) (10 U.S.C. 1564 note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``Metrics.--'' and all that follows 
                through ``In developing the strategy'' and inserting 
                ``Metrics.--In developing the strategy''; and
                    (B) by striking subparagraph (B).
            (2) Section 923 (10 U.S.C. prec. 421 note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (b); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), and (e) 
                as subsections (b), (c), and (d), respectively.
            (3) Section 1249 (127 Stat. 925) is repealed.
            (4) Section 1611 (127 Stat. 947) is amended by striking 
        subsection (d).
            (5) Section 2916 (127 Stat. 1028) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``(a) Program of Decontamination 
                Required.--''; and
                    (B) by striking subsection (b).
    (w) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015.--The 
Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291) is amended as follows:
            (1) Section 232 (10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (e); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as 
                subsections (e) and (f), respectively.
            (2) Section 914(d) (5 U.S.C. 5911 note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3); and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph 
                (2).
            (3) Section 1052(b) (128 Stat. 3497) is amended--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (2);
                    (B) by striking ``Reports Required.--'' and all 
                that follows through ``Not later than'' and inserting 
                ``Report.--Not later than''; and
                    (C) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), and 
                (C) as paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) and indenting the 
                left margin of such paragraphs, as so redesignated, two 
                ems from the left margin.
            (4) Section 1207 (10 U.S.C. 2342 note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (d); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as 
                subsections (d) and (e), respectively.
            (5) Section 1209 (128 Stat. 3542) is amended by striking 
        subsection (d).
            (6) Section 1236 (128 Stat. 3559) is amended by striking 
        subsection (d).
            (7) Section 1325 (50 U.S.C. 3715) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (e); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as 
                subsections (e) and (f), respectively.
            (8) Section 1341 (50 U.S.C. 3741) is repealed.
            (9) Section 1342 (50 U.S.C. 3742) is repealed.
            (10) Section 1532(b) (128 Stat. 3613) is amended by 
        striking paragraph (5).
            (11) Section 1534 (128 Stat. 3616) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (g); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection 
                (g).
            (12) Section 1607 (128 Stat. 3625) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (b);
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as 
                subsections (b) and (c), respectively; and
                    (C) in subsection (c), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (B), by striking ``requirements under 
                subsections (a) and (b)'' and inserting ``requirement 
                in subsection (a)''.
    (x) Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004.--
Section 3002(c) of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act 
of 2004 (50 U.S.C. 3343(c)) is amended by striking paragraph (4).

SEC. 1069. ANNUAL REPORTS ON APPROVAL OF EMPLOYMENT OR COMPENSATION OF 
              RETIRED GENERAL OR FLAG OFFICERS BY FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS 
              FOR EMOLUMENTS CLAUSE PURPOSES.

    (a) Annual Reports.--Section 908 of title 37, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Annual Reports on Approvals for Retired General and Flag 
Officers.--(1) Not later than January 31 each year, the Secretaries of 
the military departments shall jointly submit to the appropriate 
committees and Members of Congress a report on each approval under 
subsection (b) for employment or compensation described in subsection 
(a) for a retired member of the armed forces in a general or flag 
officer grade that was issued during the preceding year.
    ``(2) In this subsection, the appropriate committees and Members of 
Congress are--
            ``(A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations, and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
        Senate;
            ``(B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs, and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
        House of Representatives;
            ``(C) the Majority Leader and the Minority Leader of the 
        Senate; and
            ``(D) the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the 
        Minority Leader of the House of Representatives.''.
    (b) Scope of First Report.--The first report submitted pursuant to 
subsection (d) of section 908 of title 37, United States Code (as added 
by subsection (a) of this section), after the date of the enactment of 
this Act shall cover the five-year period ending with the year before 
the year in which such report is submitted.

SEC. 1070. ANNUAL REPORT ON CIVILIAN CASUALTIES IN CONNECTION WITH 
              UNITED STATES MILITARY OPERATIONS.

    (a) Annual Report Required.--Not later than May 1 each year, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on civilian casualties caused as a result of United 
States military operations during the preceding year.
    (b) Elements.--Each report under subsection (a) shall set forth the 
following:
            (1) A list of all the United States military operations 
        during the year covered by such report that were confirmed to 
        have resulted in civilian casualties.
            (2) For each military operation listed pursuant to 
        paragraph (1), the following:
                    (A) The date.
                    (B) The location.
                    (C) The type of operation.
                    (D) The confirmed number of civilian casualties.
    (c) Form.--Each report under subsection (a) shall be submitted in 
unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (d) Sunset.--The requirement to submit a report under subsection 
(a) shall expire on the date that is five years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

SEC. 1071. REPORT ON LARGE-SCALE, JOINT EXERCISES INVOLVING THE AIR AND 
              LAND DOMAINS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) General Milley has stated that the Army would 
        experience ``High Military Risk'' against emerging threats or 
        great power conflict.
            (2) General Goldfein has stated that ``for 15 consecutive 
        years, the Army's been decisively committed to Iraq and 
        Afghanistan and other counter terrorist, counter insurgency 
        type operations. In order to do that, [the Air Force] 
        essentially came off of a core warfare fighting skills of 
        combined arms maneuver against a near peer or a higher end 
        threat''.
            (3) The United States has grown accustomed to technological 
        supremacy and weapons overmatch to deter and defeat potential 
        adversaries.
            (4) The Department of Defense conducts several large-scale, 
        joint exercises that stress interoperability in contested air 
        and sea domains, including the VALIANT SHIELD, NORTHERN EDGE, 
        and RIMPAC exercises, yet few large-scale, joint Army and Air 
        Force exercises exist to stress interoperability in contested 
        air and land domains.
            (5) Large-scale, joint training exercises that stress 
        interoperability across domains are a vital part of 
        establishing and maintaining military readiness for conflicts 
        involving near-peer competitors.
            (6) It is to the benefit of the United States and the North 
        Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) to train to contested air 
        and land operations in order to increase joint and coalition 
        readiness, as well as to correct capability gaps in the 
        European theatre of operations that may be discovered during 
        these exercises.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the following:
            (1) Existing large-scale, joint exercises involving the air 
        and land domains.
            (2) Plans to expand the scale and scope of the exercises 
        described in paragraph (1).
            (3) Plans to conduct new large-scale, joint exercises in 
        the domains referred to in paragraph (1).
    (c) Potential Locations for Expanded or New Exercises.--The report 
under subsection (b) shall include an analysis of potential locations 
for the expanded or new exercises covered by the plans described in 
paragraphs (2) and (3) of that subsection, with priority given to 
locations that facilitate training by and with--
            (1) sufficient overlapping airspace and ground range 
        capabilities and capacity to meet the training requirements for 
        operating within an anti-access area denial (A2/AD) environment 
        for air and ground operations;
            (2) the ability to host bilateral and multilateral training 
        opportunities with international partners in both the air and 
        land domains;
            (3) limited encroachments that adversely impact training or 
        operations;
            (4) robust use of the electromagnetic spectrum, including 
        global positioning system (GPS), atmospheric, and 
        communications-jamming;
            (5) minimization of adversary intelligence collection 
        capabilities;
            (6) realistic replication of diverse geographic, 
        topographic, and weather environments in which a near-peer 
        combined air and ground campaign might occur;
            (7) existing facilities to support personnel, operations, 
        and logistics associated with the flying missions and ground 
        maneuver missions; and
            (8) minimization of overall construction and operational 
        costs.

SEC. 1072. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REVIEW OF NAVY CAPABILITIES IN THE 
              ARCTIC REGION.

    (a) Report on Capabilities.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
        capabilities of the Navy in the Arctic region.
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include an analysis of the following:
                    (A) The current naval capabilities of the 
                Department of Defense in the Arctic region, with a 
                particular emphasis on surface capabilities.
                    (B) Any gaps that exist between the current naval 
                capabilities described in paragraph (1) and the ability 
                of the Department to fully execute its updated strategy 
                for the Arctic region.
                    (C) Any gaps in the capabilities described in 
                paragraph (1) that require ice-hardening of existing 
                vessels or the construction of new vessels to preserve 
                freedom of navigation in the Arctic region whenever and 
                wherever necessary.
                    (D) An analysis and recommendation of which Navy 
                vessels could be ice-hardened to effectively preserve 
                freedom of navigation in the Arctic region when and 
                where necessary, in all seasons and weather conditions.
                    (E) An analysis of any cost increases or schedule 
                adjustments that may result from ice-hardening existing 
                or new Navy vessels
    (b) Comptroller General of the United States Review.--Not later 
than 90 days after the date on which the Secretary submits the report 
required by subsection (a), the Comptroller General of the United 
States shall submit to the congressional defense committees a review of 
the report, including any matters in connection with the report and the 
review that the Comptroller General considers appropriate.
    (c) Form.--The report under subsection (a) and the review under 
subsection (b) shall each be submitted in unclassified form, but may 
include a classified annex.

SEC. 1073. BUSINESS CASE ANALYSIS ON ESTABLISHMENT OF ACTIVE DUTY 
              ASSOCIATION AND ADDITIONAL PRIMARY AIRCRAFT 
              AUTHORIZATIONS FOR THE 168TH AIR REFUELING WING.

    (a) Business Case Analysis.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall 
conduct a business case analysis on the establishment of an active or 
classic association with the 168th Air Refueling Wing.
    (b) Elements.--The business case analysis conducted under 
subsection (a) shall address the following:
            (1) Consideration of the addition of two F-35A squadrons at 
        Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska, in 2020, and an examination of 
        future shortfalls in air refueling requirements due to such 
        additional aircraft.
            (2) An analysis of potential benefits of adding four 
        primary aircraft authorizations (PAA) for KC-135R tanker 
        aircraft to the 168th Air Refueling Wing.
            (3) Identification of efficiencies and cost savings to be 
        achieved by the 168th Air Refueling Wing after an active or 
        classic association is in place in comparison with temporarily 
        assigned tanker augmentation rotations.
            (4) A detailed comparison of the costs and benefits of an 
        active association for the 168th Air Refueling Wing with a 
        classic association for the Wing.
            (5) An analysis of the effects of the augmented airlift 
        capability arising from additional tanker assets for the 168th 
        Air Refueling Wing in better facilitating rapid deployment of 
        5th Generation Fighters, necessary support equipment and 
        personnel, and other rapid response forces.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the 
business case analysis conducted under subsection (a).

SEC. 1074. REPORT ON NAVY CAPACITY TO INCREASE PRODUCTION OF ANTI-
              SUBMARINE WARFARE AND SEARCH AND RESCUE ROTARY WING 
              AIRCRAFT IN LIGHT OF INCREASE IN THE SIZE OF THE SURFACE 
              FLEET TO 355 SHIPS.

    Not later than September 15, 2017, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report describing and 
assessing the capacity of the Navy, in light of an increase in the size 
of the surface fleet of the Navy to 355 ships, to increase production 
of the following:
            (1) Anti-submarine warfare rotary wing aircraft.
            (2) Search and rescue rotary wing aircraft.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

SEC. 1081. PROTECTION AGAINST MISUSE OF NAVAL SPECIAL WARFARE COMMAND 
              INSIGNIA.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 663 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 7882. Protection against misuse of insignia of Naval Special 
              Warfare Command
    ``(a) Protection Against Misuse.--Subject to subsection (b), no 
person may use any covered Naval Special Warfare insignia in connection 
with any promotion, good, service, or other commercial activity when a 
particular use would be likely to suggest a false affiliation, 
connection, or association with, endorsement by, or approval of, the 
United States Government, the Department of Defense, or the Department 
of the Navy.
    ``(b) Exception.--Subsection (a) shall not apply to the use of a 
covered Naval Special Warfare insignia for purposes such as criticism, 
comment, news reporting, analysis, research, or scholarship.
    ``(c) Treatment of Disclaimers.--Any determination of whether a 
person has violated this section shall be made without regard to any 
use of a disclaimer of affiliation, connection, or association with, 
endorsement by, or approval of the United States Government, the 
Department of Defense, the Department of the Navy, or any subordinate 
organization thereof to the extent consistent with international 
obligations of the United States.
    ``(d) Enforcement.--Whenever it appears to the Attorney General 
that any person is engaged in, or is about to engage in, an act or 
practice that constitutes or will constitute conduct prohibited by this 
section, the Attorney General may initiate a civil proceeding in a 
district court of the United States to enjoin such act or practice, and 
such court may take such injunctive or other action as is warranted to 
prevent the act, practice, or conduct.
    ``(e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to limit the authority of the Secretary of the Navy to 
register any symbol, name, phrase, term, acronym, or abbreviation 
otherwise capable of registration under the provisions of the Act of 
July 5, 1946, popularly known as the Lanham Act or the Trademark Act of 
1946 (15 U.S.C. 1051 et seq.).
    ``(f) Covered Naval Special Warfare Insignia Defined.--In this 
section, the term `covered Naval Special Warfare insignia' means any of 
the following:
            ``(1) The Naval Special Warfare insignia comprising or 
        consisting of the design of an eagle holding an anchor, 
        trident, and flint-lock pistol.
            ``(2) The Special Warfare Combatant Craft Crewman insignia 
        comprising or consisting of the design of the bow and 
        superstructure of a Special Operations Craft on a crossed 
        flint-lock pistol and enlisted cutlass, on a background of 
        ocean swells.
            ``(3) Any colorable imitation of the insignia referred to 
        in paragraphs (1) and (2), in a manner which could reasonably 
        be interpreted or construed as conveying the false impression 
        that an advertisement, solicitation, business activity, or 
        product is in any manner approved, endorsed, sponsored, or 
        authorized by, or associated with, the United States 
        Government, the Department of Defense, or the Department of the 
        Navy.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 663 of such title is amended by adding at the end the following 
new item:

``7882. Protection against misuse of insignia of Naval Special Warfare 
                            Command.''.

SEC. 1082. COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN THE ARMED FORCES AND CERTAIN NON-
              FEDERAL ENTITIES ON SUPPORT OF ARMED FORCES MISSIONS 
              ABROAD.

    (a) Finding.--The Senate finds that qualified non-Federal entities 
have contributed to enhance the effectiveness of the mission of the 
Department of Defense through the provision of private humanitarian, 
economic, and other non-lethal assistance from United States citizens 
in response to local needs identified by members of the Armed Forces in 
areas in which the Armed Forces are deployed abroad.
    (b) Sense of Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate that United 
States military commanders should collaborate with and, consistent with 
applicable laws and regulations, provide transportation, lodging, and 
other logistical support to qualified non-Federal entities to advance 
missions of the Armed Forces abroad.
    (c) Guidance on Collaborations.--
            (1) Review of current guidance.--Not later than 120 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall conduct a review of the guidance of the 
        Department of Defense applicable to collaborations between 
        United States military commanders and qualified non-Federal 
        entities for support of missions of the Armed Forces abroad.
            (2) Additional guidance.--If the Secretary determines 
        pursuant to the review that additional guidance is required in 
        connection with collaborations described in paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall, not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, issue such additional guidance as the 
        Secretary considers appropriate in light of the review, 
        consistent with applicable law.
            (3) Briefing.--Not later than 150 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a briefing on the findings of the review, 
        including recommendations for such legislative action as the 
        Secretary considers appropriate to facilitate collaboration 
        between United States military commanders and qualified non-
        Federal entities for support of missions of the Armed Forces 
        abroad.
    (d) Qualified Non-Federal Entity Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``qualified non-Federal entity'' means an organization that--
            (1) is based in the United States;
            (2) has an independent board of directors and is subject to 
        independent financial audits;
            (3) is privately-funded;
            (4) is described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal 
        Revenue Code of 1986 and is exempt from taxation under section 
        501(a) of such Code;
            (5) provides international humanitarian, economic, or other 
        non-lethal assistance;
            (6) is a Private Voluntary Organization registered with the 
        United States Agency for International Development; and
            (7) has a stated mission of supporting the safety and 
        security of members of the Armed Forces, civilian personnel of 
        the United States, and United States missions abroad.

SEC. 1083. FEDERAL CHARTER FOR SPIRIT OF AMERICA.

    (a) Federal Charter.--
            (1) In general.--Part B of subtitle II of title 36, United 
        States Code, is amended by inserting after chapter 2003 the 
        following new chapter:

                   ``CHAPTER 2005--SPIRIT OF AMERICA

``Sec.
``200501. Organization.
``200502. Purposes.
``200503. Powers.
``200504. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status.
``200505. Annual report.
``Sec. 200501. Organization
    ``(a) Federal Charter.--Spirit of America (in this chapter `the 
corporation'), a nonprofit corporation, is a federally chartered 
corporation.
    ``(b) Expiration of Charter.--If the corporation does not comply 
with the provisions of this chapter, the charter granted by this 
chapter expires.
    ``(c) Scope of Charter.--Nothing in the charter granted by this 
chapter shall be construed as conferring special rights or privileges 
upon the corporation, or as placing upon the Department of Defense any 
obligation with respect to the corporation.
    ``(d) No Claim of Governmental Approval or Authority.--The 
corporation may not claim approval of Congress, or the authority of the 
United States, for any activity of the corporation.
``Sec. 200502. Purposes
    ``The purposes of the corporation are as provided in its 
constitution and bylaws and include the following patriotic, 
charitable, and inspirational purposes:
            ``(1) To respond to the needs of local populations abroad, 
        as identified by members of the Armed Forces and diplomats of 
        the United States abroad.
            ``(2) To provide privately-funded humanitarian, economic, 
        and other nonlethal assistance to address such needs.
            ``(3) To support the safety and success of members of the 
        Armed Forces and diplomats of the United States abroad.
            ``(4) To connect the people of the United States more 
        closely to the members of the Armed Forces and diplomats of the 
        United States abroad, and to the missions carried out by such 
        personnel abroad.
            ``(5) To demonstrate the goodwill of the people of the 
        United States to peoples around the world.
``Sec. 200503. Powers
    ``The corporation may--
            ``(1) adopt and amend a constitution, by-laws, and 
        regulations to carry out the purposes of the corporation;
            ``(2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;
            ``(3) establish and maintain offices to conduct its 
        activities;
            ``(4) enter into contracts;
            ``(5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property 
        as necessary and appropriate to carry out the purposes of the 
        corporation;
            ``(6) establish, regulate, and discontinue subordinate 
        State and territorial subdivisions and local chapters or posts;
            ``(7) publish a magazine and other publications (including 
        through the Internet);
            ``(8) sue and be sued; and
            ``(9) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out 
        the purposes of the corporation as provided in its 
        constitution, by-laws, and regulations.
``Sec. 200504. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status
    ``The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization 
exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
``Sec. 200505. Annual report
    ``The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the 
activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report 
shall be submitted as the same time as the report of the audit required 
by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as public 
document.''.
            (2) Tables of chapters.--The table of chapters at the 
        beginning of title 36, United States Code, and at the beginning 
        of subtitle II of such title, are each amended by inserting 
        after the item relating to chapter 2003 the following new item:

``2005. Spirit of America................................... 200501.''.
    (b) Distribution of Corporation Assistance Abroad Through 
Department of Defense.--
            (1) Acceptance and coordination of assistance.--The 
        Department of Defense (including members of the Armed Forces) 
        may, in the discretion of the Secretary of Defense and in 
        accordance with guidance issued by the Secretary--
                    (A) accept from Spirit of America, a federally-
                chartered corporation under chapter 2005 of title 36, 
                United States Code (as added by subsection (a)), 
                humanitarian, economic, and other nonlethal assistance 
                funded by private funds in the carrying out of the 
                purposes of the corporation; and
                    (B) respond to requests from the corporation for 
                the identification of the needs of local populations 
                abroad for assistance, and coordinate with the 
                corporation in the provision and distribution of such 
                assistance, in the carrying out of such purposes.
            (2) Distribution of assistance to local populations.--In 
        accordance with guidance issued by the Secretary, members of 
        the Armed Forces abroad may provide to local populations abroad 
        humanitarian, economic, and other nonlethal assistance provided 
        to the Department by the corporation pursuant to this 
        subsection.
            (3) Scope of guidance.--The guidance issued pursuant to 
        this subsection shall ensure that any assistance distributed 
        pursuant to this subsection shall be for purposes of supporting 
        the mission or missions of the Department and the Armed Forces 
        for which such assistance is provided by the corporation.
            (4) DoD support for corporation activities.--In accordance 
        with guidance issued by the Secretary, the Department and the 
        Armed Forces may--
                    (A) provide transportation, lodging, storage, and 
                other logistical support--
                            (i) to personnel of the corporation 
                        (whether in the United States or abroad) who 
                        are carrying out the purposes of the 
                        corporation; and
                            (ii) in connection with the acceptance and 
                        distribution of assistance provided by the 
                        corporation; and
                    (B) use assets of the Department and the Armed 
                Forces in the provision of support described in 
                subparagraph (A).

SEC. 1084. RECONSIDERATION OF CLAIMS FOR DISABILITY COMPENSATION FOR 
              VETERANS WHO WERE THE SUBJECTS OF MUSTARD GAS OR LEWISITE 
              EXPERIMENTS DURING WORLD WAR II.

    (a) Reconsideration of Claims for Disability Compensation in 
Connection With Exposure to Mustard Gas or Lewisite.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Veterans Affairs, in 
        consultation with the Secretary of Defense, shall reconsider 
        all claims for compensation described in paragraph (2) and make 
        a new determination regarding each such claim.
            (2) Claims for compensation described.--Claims for 
        compensation described in this paragraph are claims for 
        compensation under chapter 11 of title 38, United States Code, 
        that the Secretary of Veterans Affairs determines are in 
        connection with full-body exposure to mustard gas or lewisite 
        during active military, naval, or air service during World War 
        II and that were denied before the date of the enactment of 
        this Act.
            (3) Presumption of exposure.--In carrying out paragraph 
        (1), if the Secretary of Veterans Affairs or the Secretary of 
        Defense makes a determination regarding whether a veteran 
        experienced full-body exposure to mustard gas or lewisite, such 
        Secretary--
                    (A) shall presume that the veteran experienced 
                full-body exposure to mustard gas or lewisite, as the 
                case may be, unless proven otherwise; and
                    (B) may not use information contained in the DoD 
                and VA Chemical Biological Warfare Database or any list 
                of known testing sites for mustard gas or lewisite 
                maintained by the Department of Veterans Affairs or the 
                Department of Defense as the sole reason for 
                determining that the veteran did not experience full-
                body exposure to mustard gas or lewisite.
            (4) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, and not less frequently than once every 
        90 days thereafter, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall 
        submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report 
        specifying any claims reconsidered under paragraph (1) that 
        were denied during the 90-day period preceding the submittal of 
        the report, including the rationale for each such denial.
    (b) Development of Policy.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs and the 
Secretary of Defense shall jointly establish a policy for processing 
future claims for compensation under chapter 11 of title 38, United 
States Code, that the Secretary of Veterans Affairs determines are in 
connection with exposure to mustard gas or lewisite during active 
military, naval, or air service during World War II.
    (c) Investigation and Report by Secretary of Defense.--Not later 
than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) for purposes of determining whether a site should be 
        added to the list of the Department of Defense of sites where 
        mustard gas or lewisite testing occurred, investigate and 
        assess sites where--
                    (A) the Army Corps of Engineers has uncovered 
                evidence of mustard gas or lewisite testing; or
                    (B) more than two veterans have submitted claims 
                for compensation under chapter 11 of title 38, United 
                States Code, in connection with exposure to mustard gas 
                or lewisite at such site and such claims were denied; 
                and
            (2) submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
        report on experiments conducted by the Department of Defense 
        during World War II to assess the effects of mustard gas and 
        lewisite on people, which shall include--
                    (A) a list of each location where such an 
                experiment occurred, including locations investigated 
                and assessed under paragraph (1);
                    (B) the dates of each such experiment; and
                    (C) the number of members of the Armed Forces who 
                were exposed to mustard gas or lewisite in each such 
                experiment.
    (d) Investigation and Report by Secretary of Veterans Affairs.--Not 
later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall--
            (1) investigate and assess--
                    (A) the actions taken by the Secretary to reach out 
                to individuals who had been exposed to mustard gas or 
                lewisite in the experiments described in subsection 
                (c)(2)(A); and
                    (B) the claims for disability compensation under 
                laws administered by the Secretary that were filed with 
                the Secretary and the percentage of such claims that 
                were denied by the Secretary; and
            (2) submit to the appropriate committees of Congress--
                    (A) a report on the findings of the Secretary with 
                respect to the investigations and assessments carried 
                out under paragraph (1); and
                    (B) a comprehensive list of each location where an 
                experiment described in subsection (c)(2)(A) was 
                conducted.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The terms ``active military, naval, or air service'', 
        ``veteran'', and ``World War II'' have the meanings given such 
        terms in section 101 of title 38, United States Code.
            (2) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Veterans' Affairs, the 
                Committee on Armed Services, and the Special Committee 
                on Aging of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Veterans' Affairs and the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
                Representatives.
            (3) The term ``full-body exposure'', with respect to 
        mustard gas or lewisite, has the meaning given that term by the 
        Secretary of Defense.

SEC. 1085. PRIZE COMPETITION TO IDENTIFY ROOT CAUSE OF PHYSIOLOGICAL 
              EPISODES ON NAVY, MARINE CORPS, AND AIR FORCE TRAINING 
              AND OPERATIONAL AIRCRAFT.

    (a) In General.--Under the authority of section 2374a of title 10, 
United States Code, and section 24 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology 
Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3719), the Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation with the Secretary of the Navy, the Secretary of the Air 
Force, the Commandant of the Marine Corps, and the heads of any other 
appropriate Federal agencies that have experience in prize 
competitions, and when appropriate, in coordination with private 
organizations, may establish a prize competition designed to accelerate 
identification of the root cause or causes of physiological episodes 
experienced in Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force training and 
operational aircraft.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2018 to carry out this 
section.
    (c) Supplement Not Supplant.--Any funds made available pursuant to 
this section are in addition to any other amount made available for 
research on identification of root cause or causes of physiological 
episodes experienced in Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force training and 
operational aircraft.

SEC. 1086. EXCEPTION TO THE INTERDEPARTMENTAL WAIVER DOCTRINE FOR 
              CLEANUP OF VEHICLE CRASHES.

    (a) Responsibility for Cleanup.--Notwithstanding the 
interdepartmental waiver doctrine, the Secretary of Defense may, at the 
request of the affected Federal department or agency, expend funds 
necessary for cleanup resulting from an activity of the Department of 
Defense involving a vehicle crash on land or other property under the 
jurisdiction of another Federal department or agency.
    (b) Scope.--The authority under subsection (a) includes 
expenditures necessary to complete cleanup to meet the regulations of 
the affected department or agency, which may be different than the 
regulations applicable to the Department.

SEC. 1087. TRANSFER OF SURPLUS FIREARMS TO CORPORATION FOR THE 
              PROMOTION OF RIFLE PRACTICE AND FIREARMS SAFETY.

    (a) In General.--Section 40728(h) of title 36, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the 
        Secretary may transfer'' and inserting ``The Secretary shall 
        transfer''; and
            (2) by striking ``The Secretary shall determine a 
        reasonable schedule for the transfer of such surplus 
        pistols.''.
    (b) Sale of M1911/M1911A1 Pistols.--
            (1) Sale.--Any M1911/M1911A1 pistols sold under the 
        Civilian Marksmanship Program under subchapter II of chapter 
        407 of title 36, United States Code, shall be sold at fair 
        market value.
            (2) Disposition of proceeds.--Any proceeds of the sale of 
        M1911/M1911A1 pistols pursuant to paragraph (1), less transfer 
        and storage costs, shall be covered over into the Treasury as 
        miscellaneous receipts.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

               Subtitle A--Department of Defense Matters

SEC. 1101. PILOT PROGRAM ON ENHANCED PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR 
              CYBERSECURITY AND LEGAL PROFESSIONALS IN THE DEPARTMENT 
              OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Pilot Program Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry 
out within the Department of Defense a pilot program to assess the 
feasability and advisability of an enhanced personnel management system 
in accordance with this section for cybersecurity and legal 
professionals in the Department described in subsection (b) who enter 
civilian service with the Department on or after January 1, 2020.
    (b) Cybersecurity and Legal Professionals.--
            (1) In general.--The cybersecurity and legal professionals 
        described in this subsection are the following:
                    (A) Civilian cybersecurity professionals in the 
                Department of Defense consisting of civilian personnel 
                engaged in or directly supporting planning, commanding 
                and controlling, training, developing, acquiring, 
                modifying, and operating systems and capabilities, and 
                military units and intelligence organizations (other 
                than those funded by the National Intelligence Program) 
                that are directly engaged in or used for offensive and 
                defensive cyber and information warfare or intelligence 
                activities in support thereof.
                    (B) Civilian legal professionals in the Department 
                occupying legal or similar positions, as determined by 
                the Secretary of Defense for purposes of the pilot 
                program, that require eligibility to practice law in a 
                State or territory of the United States.
            (2) Inapplicability to ses positions.--The pilot program 
        shall not apply to positions within the Senior Executive 
        Service under subchapter VIII of chapter 53 of title 5, United 
        States Code.
    (c) Direct-appointment Authority.--
            (1) Inapplicability of general civil service appointment 
        authorities to appointments.--Under the pilot program, the 
        Secretary of Defense, with respect to the Defense Agencies, and 
        the Secretary of the military department concerned, with 
        respect to the military departments, may appoint qualified 
        candidates as cybersecurity and legal professionals without 
        regard to the provisions of subchapter I of chapter 33 of title 
        5, United States Code.
            (2) Appointment on direct-hire basis.--Appointments under 
        the pilot program shall be made on a direct-hire basis.
    (d) Term Appointments.--
            (1) Renewable term appointments.--Each individual shall 
        serve with the Department of Defense as a cybersecurity or 
        legal professional under the pilot program pursuant to an 
        initial appointment to service with the Department for a term 
        of not less than 2 years nor more than 8 years. Any term of 
        appointment under the pilot program may be renewed for one or 
        more additional terms of not less than 2 years nor more than 8 
        years as provided in subsection (h).
            (2) Length of terms.--The length of the term of appointment 
        to a position under the pilot program shall be prescribed by 
        the Secretary of Defense taking into account the national 
        security, mission, and other applicable requirements of the 
        position. Positions having identical or similar requirements or 
        terms may be grouped into categories for purposes of the pilot 
        program. The Secretary may delegate any authority in this 
        paragraph to a commissioned officer of the Armed Forces in pay 
        grade O-7 or above or an employee in the Department in the 
        Senior Executive Service.
    (e) Nature of Service Under Appointments.--
            (1) Treatment of personnel appointed as ``employees''.--
        Except as otherwise provided by this section, individuals 
        serving with the Department of Defense as cybersecurity or 
        legal professionals under the pilot program pursuant to 
        appointments under this section shall be considered employees 
        (as specified in section 2105 of title 5, United States Code) 
        for purposes of the provisions of title 5, United States Code, 
        and other applicable provisions of law, including, in 
        particular, for purposes as follows:
                    (A) Eligibility for participation in the Federal 
                Employees' Retirement System under chapter 84 of title 
                5, United States Code, subject to the provisions of 
                section 8402 of such title and the regulations 
                prescribed pursuant to such section.
                    (B) Eligibility for enrollment in a health benefits 
                plan under chapter 89 of title 5, United States Code 
                (commonly referred as the ``Federal Employees Health 
                Benefits Program'').
                    (C) Eligibility for and subject to the employment 
                protections of subpart F of part III of title 5, United 
                States Code, relating to merit principles and 
                protections.
                    (D) Eligibility for the protections of chapter 81, 
                of title 5, United States Code, relating to workers 
                compensation.
            (2) Scope of rights and benefits.--In administering the 
        pilot program, the Secretary of Defense shall specify, and from 
        time to time update, a comprehensive description of the rights 
        and benefits of individuals serving with the Department under 
        the pilot program pursuant to this subsection and of the 
        provisions of law under which such rights and benefits arise.
    (f) Compensation.--
            (1) Basic pay.--Individuals serving with the Department of 
        Defense as cybersecurity or legal professionals under the pilot 
        program shall be paid basic pay for such service in accordance 
        with a schedule of pay prescribed by the Secretary of Defense 
        for purposes of the pilot program.
            (2) Treatment as basic pay.--Basic pay payable under the 
        pilot program shall be treated for all purposes as basic pay 
        paid under the provisions of title 5, United States Code.
            (3) Performance awards.--Individuals serving with the 
        Department as cybersecurity or legal professionals under the 
        pilot program may be awarded such performance awards for 
        outstanding performance as the Secretary shall prescribe for 
        purposes of the pilot program. The performance awards may 
        include a monetary bonus, time off with pay, or such other 
        awards as the Secretary considers appropriate for purposes of 
        the pilot program. The award of performance awards under the 
        pilot program shall based in accordance with such policies and 
        requirements as the Secretary shall prescribe for purposes of 
        the pilot program.
            (4) Additional compensation.--Individuals serving with the 
        Department as cybersecurity or legal professionals under the 
        pilot program may be awarded such additional compensation above 
        basic pay as the Secretary (or the designees of the Secretary) 
        consider appropriate in order to promote the recruitment and 
        retention of highly skilled and productive cybersecurity and 
        legal professionals to and with the Department.
    (g) Probationary Period.--The following terms of appointment shall 
be treated as a probationary period under the pilot program:
            (1) The first term of appointment of an individual to 
        service with the Department of Defense as a cybersecurity or 
        legal professional, regardless of length.
            (2) The first term of appointment of an individual to a 
        supervisory position in the Department as a cybersecurity or 
        legal professional, regardless of length and regardless of 
        whether or not such term of appointment to a supervisory 
        position is the first term of appointment of the individual 
        concerned to service with the Department as a cybersecurity or 
        legal professional.
    (h) Renewal of Appointments.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
        the conditions for the renewal of appointments under the pilot 
        program. The conditions may apply to one or more categories of 
        positions, positions on a case-by-case basis, or both.
            (2) Particular conditions.--In prescribing conditions for 
        the renewal of appointments under the pilot program, the 
        Secretary shall take into account the following (in the order 
        specified):
                    (A) The necessity for the continuation of the 
                position concerned based on mission requirements and 
                other applicable justifications for the position.
                    (B) The service performance of the individual 
                serving in the position concerned, with individuals 
                with satisfactory or better performance afforded 
                preference in renewal.
                    (C) Input from employees on conditions for renewal.
                    (D) Applicable private and public sector labor 
                market conditions
            (3) Service performance.--The assessment of the service 
        performance of an individual under the pilot program for 
        purposes of paragraph (2)(B) shall consist of an assessment of 
        the ability of the individual to effectively accomplish mission 
        goals for the position concerned as determined by the 
        supervisor or manager of the individual based on the 
        individual's performance evaluations and the knowledge of and 
        review by such supervisor or manager (developed in consultation 
        with the individual) of the individual's performance in the 
        position. An individual's tenure of service in a position or 
        the Department of Defense may not be the primary element of the 
        assessment.
    (i) Professional Development.--The pilot program shall provide for 
the professional development of individuals serving with the Department 
of Defense as cybersecurity and legal professionals under the pilot 
program in a manner that--
            (1) creates opportunities for education, training, and 
        career-broadening experiences, and for experimental 
        opportunities in other organizations within and outside the 
        Federal Government; and
            (2) reflects the differentiated needs of personnel at 
        different stages of their careers.
    (j) Sabbaticals.--
            (1) In general.--The pilot program shall provide for an 
        individual who is in a successive term after the first 8 years 
        with the Department of Defense as a cybersecurity or legal 
        professional under the pilot program to take, at the election 
        of the individual, a paid or unpaid sabbatical from service 
        with the Department for professional development or education 
        purposes. The length of a sabbatical shall be any length not 
        less than 6 months nor more than 1 year (unless a different 
        period is approved by the Secretary of the military department 
        or head of the organization or element of the Department 
        concerned for purposes of this subsection). The purpose of any 
        sabbatical shall be subject to advance approval by the 
        organization or element in the Department in which the 
        individual is currently performing service. The taking of a 
        sabbatical shall be contingent on the written agreement of the 
        individual concerned to serve with the Department for an 
        appropriate length of time at the conclusion of the term of 
        appointment in which the sabbatical commences, with the period 
        of such service to be in addition to the period of such term of 
        appointment.
            (2) Number of sabbaticals.--An individual may take more 
        than one sabbatical under this subsection.
            (3) Repayment.--Except as provided in paragraph (4), an 
        individual who fails to satisfy a written agreement executed 
        under paragraph (1) with respect to a sabbatical shall repay 
        the Department an amount equal to any pay, allowances, and 
        other benefits received by the individual from the Department 
        during the period of the sabbatical.
            (4) Waiver of repayment.--An agreement under paragraph (1) 
        may include such conditions for the waiver of repayment 
        otherwise required under paragraph (3) for failure to satisfy 
        such agreement as the Secretary specifies in such agreement.
    (k) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall administer the 
pilot program under regulations prescribed by the Secretary for 
purposes of the pilot program.
    (l) Termination.--
            (1) In general.--The authority of the Secretary of Defense 
        to appoint individuals for service with the Department of 
        Defense as cybersecurity or legal professionals under the pilot 
        program shall expire on December 31, 2029.
            (2) Effect on existing appointments.--The termination of 
        authority in paragraph (1) shall not be construed to terminate 
        or otherwise affect any appointment made under this section 
        before December 31, 2029, that remains valid as of that date.
    (m) Implementation.--
            (1) Interim final rule.--Not later than one year after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall prescribe an interim final rule to implement the pilot 
        program.
            (2) Final rule.--Not later than 180 days after prescribing 
        the interim final rule under paragraph (1) and considering 
        public comments with respect to such interim final rule, the 
        Secretary shall prescribe a final rule to implement the pilot 
        program.
            (3) Objectives.--The regulations prescribed under 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) shall accomplish the objectives set 
        forth in subsections (a) through (j) and otherwise ensure 
        flexibility and expedited appointment of cybersecurity and 
        legal professionals in the Department of Defense under the 
        pilot program.
    (n) Reports.--
            (1) Reports required.--Not later than January 30 of each of 
        2022, 2025, and 2028, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
        the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the carrying 
        out of the pilot program. Each report shall include the 
        following:
                    (A) A description and assessment of the carrying 
                out of the pilot program during the period since the 
                commencement of the pilot program or the previous 
                submittal of a report under this subsection, as 
                applicable.
                    (B) A description and assessment of the successes 
                in and impediments to carrying out the pilot program 
                system during such period.
                    (C) Such recommendations as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate for legislative action to improve the pilot 
                program and to otherwise improve civilian personnel 
                management of cybersecurity and legal professionals by 
                the Department of Defense.
                    (D) In the case of the report submitted in 2028, an 
                assessment and recommendations by the Secretary on 
                whether to make the pilot program permanent.
            (2) Appropriate committees of congress defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
        means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs 
                of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the 
                House of Representatives.

SEC. 1102. INCLUSION OF STRATEGIC CAPABILITIES OFFICE AND DEFENSE 
              INNOVATION UNIT EXPERIMENTAL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              IN PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY TO ATTRACT EXPERTS IN 
              SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 1599h of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraphs:
            ``(4) Strategic capabilities office.--The Director of the 
        Strategic Capabilities Office may carry out a program of 
        personnel management authority provided in subsection (b) in 
        order to facilitate recruitment of eminent experts in science 
        or engineering for the Office.
            ``(5) DIUx.--The Director of the Defense Innovation Unit 
        Experimental may carry out a program of personnel management 
        authority provided in subsection (b) in order to facilitate 
        recruitment of eminent experts in science or engineering for 
        the Unit.''.
    (b) Scope of Appointment Authority.--Subsection (b)(1) of such 
section is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the end; 
        and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(D) in the case of the Strategic Capabilities 
                Office, appoint scientists and engineers to a total of 
                not more than 5 scientific and engineering positions in 
                the Office; and
                    ``(E) in the case of the Defense Innovation Unit 
                Experimental, appoint scientists and engineers to a 
                total of not more than 5 scientific and engineering 
                positions in the Unit;''.
    (c) Extension of Terms of Appointment.--Subsection (c)(2) of such 
section is amended by striking ``or the Office of Operational Test and 
Evaluation'' and inserting ``the Office of Operational Test and 
Evaluation, the Strategic Capabilities Office, or the Defense 
Innovation Unit Experimental''.

SEC. 1103. PERMANENT AUTHORITY FOR DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS RELATING TO 
              ACQUISITION PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT POLICIES AND PROCEDURES.

    (a) Permanent Authority.--Section 1762 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by striking subsections (g) and (h).
    (b) Scope of Authority.--Subsection (a) of such section is amended 
by striking ``Commencement.--'' and all that follows through ``a 
demonstration project'' and inserting ``In General.--The Secretary of 
Defense may carry out demonstration projects''.
    (c) Increase in Limit on Number of Participants.--Subsection (c) of 
such section is amended by striking ``the demonstration project under 
this section may not exceed 120,000'' and inserting ``at any one time 
in demonstration projects under this section may not exceed 130,000''.
    (d) Assessments.--Subsection (e) of such section is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following 
        new paragraph:
    ``(1) Upon the completion of a demonstration project under this 
section, the Secretary of Defense shall provide for the conduct of an 
assessment of the demonstration project by an appropriate independent 
organization designated by the Secretary for that purpose. The 
Secretary shall submit to the covered congressional committees a report 
on each assessment conducted pursuant to this paragraph.''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (3).

SEC. 1104. ESTABLISHMENT OF SENIOR SCIENTIFIC TECHNICAL MANAGERS AT 
              MAJOR RANGE AND TEST FACILITY BASE FACILITIES AND DEFENSE 
              TEST RESOURCE MANAGEMENT CENTER.

    Section 2358a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A), by inserting ``, each facility of the 
                        Major Range and Test Facility Base, and the 
                        Defense Test Resource Management Center'' after 
                        ``each STRL''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``, 
                        of such facility of the Major Range and Test 
                        Facility Base, or the Defense Test Resource 
                        Management Center''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``The positions'' and 
                        inserting ``(A) The laboratory positions''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the following new 
                        subparagraph:
            ``(B) The test and evaluation positions described in 
        paragraph (1) may be filled, and shall be managed, by the 
        director of the Major Range and Test Facility Base, in the case 
        of a position at a facility of the Major Range and Test 
        Facility Base, and the director of the Defense Test Resource 
        Management Center, in the case of a position at such center, 
        under criteria established pursuant to section 342(b) of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public 
        Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note), relating to personnel 
        demonstration projects at laboratories of the Department of 
        Defense, except that the director involved shall determine the 
        number of such positions at each facility of the Major Range 
        and Test Facility Base and the Defense Test Resource Management 
        Center, not to exceed two percent of the number of scientists 
        and engineers employed at the Major Range and Test Facility 
        Base or the Defense Test Resource Management Center, as the 
        case may be, as of the close of the last fiscal year before the 
        fiscal year in which any appointments subject to that numerical 
        limitations are made.''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
                paragraphs (2) and (4), respectively;
                    (B) by inserting before paragraph (2), as 
                redesignated by subparagraph (A), the following new 
                paragraph (1):
            ``(1) The term `Defense Test Resource Management Center' 
        means the Department of Defense Test Resource Management Center 
        established under section 196 of this title.''; and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (2), as so 
                redesignated, the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) The term `Major Range and Test Facility Base' means 
        the test and evaluation facilities and resources that are 
        designated by the Secretary of Defense as facilities and 
        resources comprising the Major Range and Test Facility Base.''.

SEC. 1105. EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY DIRECT HIRE AUTHORITY FOR DOMESTIC 
              DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE FACILITIES AND THE MAJOR RANGE 
              AND TEST FACILITIES BASE.

    Section 1125(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2457; 10 U.S.C. 1580 
note prec.) is amended by striking ``and 2018'' and inserting ``through 
2019''.

SEC. 1106. DIRECT HIRE AUTHORITY FOR FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT EXPERTS IN 
              THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE WORKFORCE.

    Section 1110 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 2017 
(Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2450; 10 U.S.C. 1580 note prec.) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``the Defense Agencies 
        or the applicable military Department'' and inserting ``a 
        Department of Defense component'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``the Defense 
        Agencies'' and inserting ``each Department of Defense component 
        listed in subsection (f) other than the Department of the Army, 
        the Department of the Navy, and the Department of the Air 
        Force'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) by striking ``any Defense Agency or military 
                department'' and inserting ``any Department of Defense 
                component''; and
                    (B) by striking ``such Defense Agency or military 
                department'' and inserting ``such Department of Defense 
                component''; and
            (4) by striking subsection (f) and inserting the following 
        new subsection (f):
    ``(f) Department of Defense Component Defined.--In this section, 
the term `Department of Defense component' means the following:
            ``(1) A Defense Agency.
            ``(2) The Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
        Staff.
            ``(3) The Joint Staff.
            ``(4) A combatant command.
            ``(5) The Office of the Inspector General of the Department 
        of Defense.
            ``(6) A Field Activity of the Department of Defense.
            ``(7) The Department of the Army.
            ``(8) The Department of the Navy.
            ``(9) The Department of the Air Force.''.

SEC. 1107. AUTHORITY FOR WAIVER OF REQUIREMENT FOR A BACCALAUREATE 
              DEGREE FOR POSITIONS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ON 
              CYBERSECURITY AND COMPUTER PROGRAMMING.

    (a) Briefing on Waiver Required.--Not later than 60 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
provide the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a briefing on the feasability and advisability of the 
enactment into law of the waiver authority described in subsection (b) 
and the authorities in subsections (c) through (e).
    (b) Waiver Authority.--The waiver authority described in this 
subsection is the authority of the Secretary of Defense to waive any 
requirement in law for the possession of a baccalaureate degree as a 
condition of appointment to a position or category of positions in the 
Department of Defense specified in subsection (c) if the Secretary 
determined that the duties of the position or category of positions 
could be appropriately discharged by individuals demonstrating 
expertise other than a baccalaureate degree.
    (c) Positions.--The positions or categories of positions in the 
Department specified in this subsection are positions or categories of 
positions whose primary duties involve the following:
            (1) Cybersecurity, including computer network operations, 
        computer network defense, computer network attack, and computer 
        network exploitation.
            (2) Computer programming.
    (d) Appointment.--An individual who does not possess a 
baccalaureate degree could be appointed to a position covered by a 
waiver pursuant to subsection (b) only if the Secretary determined that 
the expertise demonstrated by the individual was sufficient for the 
appropriate discharge of the duties of the position by the individual.
    (e) Guidance.--The Secretary would issue guidance for purposes of 
this section setting forth the following:
            (1) The positions or categories of positions in the 
        Department subject to the waiver authorized by subsection (b).
            (2) For each position or category of positions, the 
        expertise required for appointment to such position or category 
        of positions.

                  Subtitle B--Government-wide Matters

SEC. 1111. ELIMINATION OF FOREIGN EXEMPTION PROVISION IN REGARD TO 
              OVERTIME FOR FEDERAL CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES TEMPORARILY 
              ASSIGNED TO A FOREIGN AREA.

    (a) In General.--Section 5542 of title 5, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Notwithstanding section 13(f) of the Fair Labor Standards Act 
of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 213(f)), an employee who is working at a location in 
a foreign country, or in a territory under the jurisdiction of the 
United States to which the exemption under such section 13(f) applies, 
in temporary duty travel status while maintaining an official duty 
station or worksite in an area of the United States that is not 
exempted under such section 13(f) shall not be considered, for all 
purposes, to be exempted from section 7 of such Act (29 U.S.C. 207) on 
the basis of the employee performing work at such a location.''.
    (b) Federal Wage System Employees.--Section 5544 of title 5, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Notwithstanding section 13(f) of the Fair Labor Standards Act 
of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 213(f)), an employee whose overtime pay is 
determined in accordance with subsection (a) who is working at a 
location in a foreign country, or in a territory under the jurisdiction 
of the United States to which the exemption under such section 13(f) 
applies, in temporary duty travel status while maintaining an official 
duty station or worksite in an area of the United States that is not 
exempted under such section 13(f) shall not be considered, for all 
purposes, to be exempted from section 7 of such Act (29 U.S.C. 207) on 
the basis of the employee performing work at such a location.''.
    (c) Conforming Repeal.--Section 5542(a) of title 5, United States 
Code, is amended by striking paragraph (6).

SEC. 1112. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO WAIVE ANNUAL LIMITATION 
              ON PREMIUM PAY AND AGGREGATE LIMITATION ON PAY FOR 
              FEDERAL CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES WORKING OVERSEAS.

    Section 1101(a) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4615), as most 
recently amended by section 1137 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), is further amended by 
striking ``through 2017'' and inserting ``through 2018''.

SEC. 1113. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO GRANT 
              ALLOWANCES, BENEFITS, AND GRATUITIES TO CIVILIAN 
              PERSONNEL ON OFFICIAL DUTY IN A COMBAT ZONE.

    Paragraph (2) of section 1603(a) of the Emergency Supplemental 
Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War on Terror, and Hurricane 
Recovery, 2006 (Public Law 109-234; 120 Stat. 443), as added by section 
1102 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4616) and most recently 
amended by section 1133 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), is further amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2019''.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

SEC. 1201. SUPPORT OF SPECIAL OPERATIONS FOR IRREGULAR WARFARE.

    (a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may, with the concurrence 
of the relevant Chief of Mission, expend up to $10,000,000 during each 
of fiscal years 2018 through 2021 to provide support to foreign forces, 
irregular forces, groups, or individuals engaged in supporting or 
facilitating ongoing irregular warfare operations by United States 
Special Operations Forces.
    (b) Funds.--Funds for support under this section in a fiscal year 
shall be derived from amounts authorized to be appropriated for that 
fiscal year for the Department of Defense for operation and 
maintenance.
    (c) Procedures.--
            (1) In general.--The authority in this section shall be 
        exercised in accordance with such procedures as the Secretary 
        shall establish for purposes of this section.
            (2) Elements.--The procedures that shall establish, at a 
        minimum, the following:
                    (A) Policy guidance for the execution of activities 
                under the authority in this section.
                    (B) The processes through which activities under 
                the authority in this section are to be developed, 
                validated, and coordinated, as appropriate, with 
                relevant entities of the United States Government.
            (3) Notice to congress on procedures and material 
        modifications.--The Secretary shall notify the congressional 
        defense committees of the procedures established pursuant to 
        this section before any exercise of the authority in this 
        section, and shall notify such committee of any material 
        modification of the procedures.
    (d) Notification.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 15 days before exercising 
        the authority in this section to make funds available to 
        initiate support of an approved military operation or changing 
        the scope or funding level of any support under this section 
        for such an operation by $500,000 or an amount equal to 10 
        percent of such funding level (whichever is less), or not later 
        than 48 hours after exercising such authority if the Secretary 
        determines that extraordinary circumstances that impact the 
        national security of the United States exist that otherwise 
        prevent notice under this subsection before the exercise of 
        such authority, the Secretary shall notify the congressional 
        defense committees of the use of such authority with respect to 
        such operation. Any such notification shall be in writing.
            (2) Elements.--A notification required by this subsection 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) The type of support provided or to be provided 
                to United States Special Operations Forces.
                    (B) The type of support provided or to be provided 
                to the recipient of the funds.
                    (C) The amount obligated under the authority to 
                provide support.
    (e) Limitation on Delegation.--The authority of the Secretary to 
make funds available under this section for support of a military 
operation may not be delegated.
    (f) Construction of Authority.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to constitute a specific statutory authorization for any of 
the following:
            (1) The conduct of a covert action, as such term is defined 
        in section 503(e) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 
        U.S.C. 3093(e)).
            (2) The introduction of United States Armed Forces into 
        hostilities or into situations wherein hostilities are clearly 
        indicated by the circumstances.
            (3) The conduct or support of activities, directly or 
        indirectly, that are inconsistent with the laws of armed 
        conflict.
    (g) Programmatic and Policy Oversight.--The Assistant Secretary of 
Defense for Special Operations and Low-Intensity Conflict shall have 
primary programmatic and policy oversight within the Office of the 
Secretary of Defense of support to irregular warfare activities 
authorized by this section.
    (h) Biannual Reports.--
            (1) Report on preceding fiscal year.--Not later than 120 
        days after the close of each fiscal year in which subsection 
        (a) is in effect, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the support 
        provided under this section during the preceding fiscal year.
            (2) Report on current calendar year.--Not later than 180 
        days after the submittal of each report required by paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on the support provided under this section 
        during the first half of the fiscal year in which the report 
        under this paragraph is submitted.
            (3) Elements.--Each report required by this subsection 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) A summary of the ongoing irregular warfare 
                operations by United States Special Operations Forces 
                that were supported or facilitated by foreign forces, 
                irregular forces, groups, or individuals for which 
                support was provided under this section during the 
                period covered by such report.
                    (B) A description of the support or facilitation 
                provided by such foreign forces, irregular forces, 
                groups, or individuals to United States Special 
                Operations Forces during such period.
                    (C) The type of recipients that were provided 
                support under this section during such period, 
                identified by authorized category (foreign forces, 
                irregular forces, groups, or individuals).
                    (D) A detailed description of the support provided 
                to the recipients under this section during such 
                period.
                    (E) The total amount obligated for support under 
                this section during such period, including budget 
                details.
                    (F) The intended duration of support provided under 
                this section during such period
                    (G) An assessment of value of the support provided 
                under this section during such period, including a 
                summary of significant activities undertaken by foreign 
                forces, irregular forces, groups, or individuals to 
                support irregular warfare operations by United States 
                Special Operations Forces.
                    (H) The total amount obligated for support under 
                this section in prior fiscal years.
    (i) Irregular Warfare Defined.--In this section, the term 
``irregular warfare'' means activities in support of predetermined 
United States policy and military objectives conducted by, with, and 
through regular forces, irregular forces, groups, and individuals 
participating in competition between state and non-state actors short 
of traditional armed conflict.

SEC. 1202. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY ON SUPPORT OF SPECIAL OPERATIONS 
              TO COMBAT TERRORISM.

    (a) Oversight of Support.--Section 127e of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
        subsection (g):
    ``(g) Oversight by ASD for SOLIC.--The Assistant Secretary of 
Defense for Special Operations and Low-Intensity Conflict shall have 
primary responsibility within the Office of the Secretary of Defense 
for oversight of policies and programs for support authorized by this 
section.''.
    (b) Reports.--Subsection (h) of such section, as redesignated by 
subsection (a)(1) of this section is further amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``calendar year'' 
                and inserting ``fiscal year'';
                    (B) by striking ``March 1 each year'' and inserting 
                ``120 days after the end of the preceding fiscal year 
                of each year''; and
                    (C) by striking ``the preceding calendar year'' and 
                inserting ``such preceding fiscal year''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``calendar year'' 
                and inserting ``fiscal year'';
                    (B) by striking ``September 1'' and inserting 
                ``July 1''; and
                    (C) by striking ``the calendar year'' and inserting 
                ``the fiscal year''.

SEC. 1203. MODIFICATIONS OF CERTAIN AUTHORITY IN CONNECTION WITH REFORM 
              OF DEFENSE SECURITY COOPERATION PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Defense Institutional Capacity Building of Foreign Countries.--
Section 332 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``members of the armed 
        forces and'' before ``civilian employees'' in the matter 
        preceding paragraph (1);
            (2) in subsection (b)(2)(B)--
                    (A) by striking ``employees'' both place it appears 
                and inserting ``advisors''; and
                    (B) by striking ``employee's'' and inserting 
                ``advisor's''; and
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by inserting ``member of the armed forces or'' 
                before ``civilian employee of the Department of 
                Defense'' in the matter preceding paragraph (1);
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``employee as 
                an''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``the employee'' 
                and inserting ``the advisor''.
    (b) Defense Institutional Capacity Building of Foreign Forces.--
Section 333(c)(4) of such title is amended by striking ``the 
Department'' and inserting ``the Department of Defense or another 
department or agency of the United States Government''.

SEC. 1204. GLOBAL SECURITY CONTINGENCY FUND MATTERS.

    (a) Two-year Extension of Authority.--Section 1207 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (22 U.S.C. 2151 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (i), by striking ``September 30, 2017'' 
        and inserting ``September 30, 2019''; and
            (2) in subsection (p)--
                    (A) by striking ``September 30, 2017'' and 
                inserting ``September 30, 2019''; and
                    (B) by striking ``through 2017'' and inserting 
                ``through 2019''.
    (b) Purposes of Fund.--Subsection (b) of such section is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``, or other national security forces that 
                conduct border and maritime security, internal defense, 
                and counterterrorism operations'' and inserting ``or 
                other national security forces'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``or'' at the 
                end;
                    (C) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; or''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(C) provide support to civil or national security 
                authorities in connection with humanitarian assistance 
                (including demining), disaster response, and disaster 
                risk reduction activities.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``rule of law programs,'' 
        and all that follows and inserting ``rule of law programs and 
        stabilization efforts in a country.''.
    (c) Notice to Congress on Initiation of Assistance.--Subsection (l) 
of such section is amended by striking ``30 days'' and inserting ``15 
days''.

SEC. 1205. DEFENSE INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL LEGAL STUDIES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may operate an institute 
to be known as the ``Defense Institute of International Legal Studies'' 
(in this section referred to as the ``Institute'') in accordance with 
this section for purposes in furtherance of United States security and 
foreign policy objectives of--
            (1) promoting an understanding of and appreciation for the 
        rule of law; and
            (2) encouraging the international development of internal 
        capacities of foreign governments for civilian control of the 
        military, military justice, the legal aspects of peacekeeping, 
        good governance and anti-corruption in defense reform, and 
        human rights.
    (b) Activities.--In carrying out the purposes specified in 
subsection (a), the Institute may conduct activities as follows:
            (1) Research, communication, and exchange of ideas.
            (2) Education and training involving military and civilian 
        personnel, both within and outside the United States.
            (3) Building the legal capacity of foreign military and 
        other security forces, including equitable, transparent, and 
        accountable defense institutions, civilian control of the 
        military, human rights, and democratic governance.
            (4) Institutional legal capacity building of foreign 
        defense and security institutions.
    (c) Concurrence of Secretary of State.--The concurrence of the 
Secretary of State is required to conduct activities specified in 
subsection (b).
    (d) Department of Defense Review.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
        comprehensive review of the mission, workforce, funding, and 
        other support of the Institute.
            (2) Elements.--The review shall include, but not be limited 
        to, the following:
                    (A) An assessment of the scope of the mission of 
                the Institute, taking into account the increasing 
                security cooperation authorities and requirements of 
                the Department of Defense, including core rule of law 
                training in the United States and abroad, defense legal 
                institution building, and statutorily required human 
                rights and legal capacity building of foreign security 
                forces.
                    (B) An assessment of the workforce of the 
                Institute, including whether it is appropriately sized 
                to align with the full scope of the mission of the 
                Institute.
                    (C) A review of the funding mechanisms for the 
                activities of the Institute, including the current 
                mechanisms for reimbursing the Institute by the 
                Department of State and by the Department of Defense 
                through the budget of the Defense Security Cooperation 
                Agency.
                    (D) An evaluation of the feasibility and 
                advisability of the provision of funds appropriated for 
                the Department of Defense directly to the Institute, 
                and the actions, if any, required to authorize the 
                Institute to receive such funds directly.
                    (E) A description of the challenges, if any, of the 
                Institute to increase its capacity to provide residence 
                courses to meet demands for training and assistance.
                    (F) An assessment of the capacity of the Department 
                of Defense to assess, monitor, and evaluate the 
                effectiveness of the human rights training and other 
                activities of the Institute.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report summarizing the 
        findings of the review and any recommendations for enhancing 
        the capability of the Institute to fulfill its mission that the 
        Secretary considers appropriate.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

SEC. 1211. EXTENSION OF COMMANDERS' EMERGENCY RESPONSE PROGRAM AND 
              RELATED AUTHORITIES.

    (a) CERP.--Section 1201 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1619), as most 
recently amended by section 1211(a) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2477), is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``December 31, 2018'' 
        and inserting ``December 31, 2019'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``fiscal year 2017 and 
        fiscal year 2018'' and inserting ``each of fiscal years 2017, 
        2018, and 2019''; and
            (3) in subsection (f), by striking ``December 31, 2018'' 
        and inserting ``December 31, 2019''.
    (b) Payments for Redress of Certain Injuries.--Section 1211(b)(1) 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (130 
Stat. 2478) is amended by striking ``December 31, 2018'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2019''.

SEC. 1212. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER DEFENSE ARTICLES AND 
              PROVIDE DEFENSE SERVICES TO THE MILITARY AND SECURITY 
              FORCES OF AFGHANISTAN.

    (a) Expiration.--Subsection (h) of section 1222 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 
Stat. 1992), as most recently amended by section 1213 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
Stat. 2478), is further amended by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2018''.
    (b) Excess Defense Articles.--Subsection (i)(2) of such section 
1222, as so amended, is further amended by striking ``December 31, 
2017'' each place it appears and inserting ``December 31, 2018''.

SEC. 1213. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR REIMBURSEMENT OF 
              CERTAIN COALITION NATIONS FOR SUPPORT PROVIDED TO UNITED 
              STATES MILITARY OPERATIONS.

    (a) Extension.--Subsection (a) of section 1233 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 
Stat. 393), as most recently amended by section 1218 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), is 
further amended by striking ``the period beginning on October 1, 2016, 
and ending on December 31, 2017,'' and inserting ``fiscal year 2018,''.
    (b) Limitations on Amounts Available.--Subsection (d)(1) of such 
section, as so amended, is further amended--
            (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``during the period 
        beginning on October 1, 2016, and ending on December 31, 2017, 
        may not exceed $1,100,000,000'' and inserting ``during fiscal 
        year 2018 may not exceed $900,000,000''; and
            (2) in the second sentence, by striking ``the period 
        beginning on October 1, 2016 and ending on December 31, 2017, 
        may not exceed $900,000,000'' and inserting ``during fiscal 
        year 2018 may not exceed $700,000,000''.
    (c) Extension of Reporting Requirement on Reimbursement of Pakistan 
for Security Enhancement Activities.--Subsection (e)(2) of such 
section, as added by section 1218 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is amended by inserting ``and annually 
thereafter,'' after ``December 31, 2017,''.
    (d) Extension of Notice Requirement Relating to Reimbursement of 
Pakistan for Support Provided by Pakistan.--Section 1232(b)(6) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008, as most 
recently amended by section 1218(e) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is further amended by striking 
``December 31, 2017'' and inserting ``September 30, 2018''.
    (e) Extension of Limitation on Reimbursement of Pakistan Pending 
Certification on Pakistan.--Section 1227(d)(1) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 
2001), as most recently amended by section 1218(f) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is further amended by 
striking ``for any period prior to December 31, 2017'' and inserting 
``for fiscal year 2018 and any prior fiscal year''.
    (f) Additional Limitation on Reimbursement of Pakistan Pending 
Certification on Pakistan.--Of the total amount of reimbursements and 
support authorized for Pakistan during fiscal year 2018 pursuant to the 
second sentence of section 1233(d)(1) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (as amended by subsection 
(b)(2)), $350,000,000 shall not be eligible for the waiver under 
section 1227(d)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2013 (126 Stat. 2001) unless the Secretary of Defense certifies to 
the congressional defense committees that--
            (1) Pakistan continues to conduct military operations that 
        are contributing to significantly disrupting the safe havens, 
        fundraising and recruiting efforts, and freedom of movement of 
        the Haqqani Network and Lashkar-e-Tayyiba in Pakistan;
            (2) Pakistan has taken steps to demonstrate its commitment 
        to prevent the Haqqani Network and Lashkar-e-Tayyiba from using 
        any Pakistan territory as a safe haven and for fundraising and 
        recruiting efforts;
            (3) the Government of Pakistan is making an attempt to 
        actively coordinate with the Government of Afghanistan to 
        restrict the movement of militants, such as the Haqqani Network 
        and Lashkar-e-Tayyiba, along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border; 
        and
            (4) Pakistan has shown progress in arresting and 
        prosecuting senior leaders and mid-level operatives of the 
        Haqqani Network and Lashkar-e-Tayyiba.

SEC. 1214. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO ACQUIRE PRODUCTS AND SERVICES 
              PRODUCED IN COUNTRIES ALONG A MAJOR ROUTE OF SUPPLY TO 
              AFGHANISTAN.

    Section 801(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2399), as most recently amended 
by section 1212 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2478), is further amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2018'' and inserting ``December 31, 2019''.

SEC. 1215. EXTENSION OF SEMIANNUAL REPORT ON ENHANCING SECURITY AND 
              STABILITY IN AFGHANISTAN.

    Section 1225(a)(2) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 
113-291; 128 Stat. 3550), as amended by section 1215(a) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
Stat. 2480), is further amended by striking ``December 15, 2019'' and 
inserting ``December 15, 2020''.

SEC. 1216. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE AFGHAN SPECIAL IMMIGRANT 
              VISA PROGRAM.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The Armed Forces, the Department of State, the United 
        States Agency for International Development, and other agencies 
        and departments of the United States rely on the services of 
        Afghan nationals in a variety of sensitive and trusted 
        capacities to support the operations of the United States 
        Government in Afghanistan.
            (2) Afghans who have supported the United States Government 
        in Afghanistan face grave threats from the Taliban and other 
        terrorist groups as a result of their service.
            (3) Commander of the United States Central Command, General 
        Joseph L. Votel, warned in a June 14, 2017, letter that 
        ``curtailing or abandoning'' the special immigrant visa program 
        for Afghans carried out under the Afghan Allies Protection Act 
        of 2009 (8 U.S.C. 1101 note) ``would risk significantly 
        undermining years of progress and goodwill and could serve to 
        tip the balance in favor of malign actors''.
            (4) Commander of Resolute Support and United States Forces-
        Afghanistan, General John W. Nicholson Jr., warned in a June 
        12, 2017, letter that if such program ``is not fully resourced 
        it could significantly undermine our credibility and the 16 
        years of tremendous sacrifice by thousands of Afghans on behalf 
        of Americans and Coalition partners''.
            (5) All visas allocated for such program are projected to 
        be exhausted and all visa issuances for principal applicants 
        will cease in October 2017, if additional visas are not 
        authorized.
            (6) The cessation of the issuance of special immigrant 
        visas for Afghans is likely to cause panic among the Afghans 
        who are assisting the United States, often at great personal 
        risk, and could significantly affect the operations of the 
        United States Government in Afghanistan.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that an 
additional 4,000 visas should be made available for principal aliens 
who are eligible for special immigrant status under the Afghan Allies 
Protection Act of 2009 (8 U.S.C. 1101 note) to prevent harm to the 
operations of the United States Government in Afghanistan.

SEC. 1217. SPECIAL IMMIGRANT VISAS FOR AFGHAN ALLIES.

    Section 602(b)(3)(F) of the Afghan Allies Protection Act of 2009 (8 
U.S.C. 1101 note) is amended in the matter preceding clause (i), by 
striking ``11,000'' and inserting ``15,000''.

         Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

SEC. 1231. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE ASSISTANCE TO COUNTER 
              THE ISLAMIC STATE OF IRAQ AND SYRIA.

    (a) Clarification of Construction Authority.--
            (1) Clarification.--Subsection (a) of section 1236 of the 
        Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 
        Stat. 3558), as most recently amended by section 1222 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public 
        Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2485), is further amended by striking 
        ``facility and infrastructure repair and renovation,'' and 
        inserting ``infrastructure repair and renovation, small-scale 
        construction of temporary facilities necessary to meet urgent 
        operational or force protection requirements with a cost less 
        than $4,000,000,''.
            (2) Additional limitations and requirements.--Such section 
        1236 is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
        subsections:
    ``(m) Limitation on Aggregate Cost of Construction, Repair, and 
Renovation Projects.--The aggregate amount of construction, repair, and 
renovation projects carried out under this section in any fiscal year 
may not exceed $30,000,000.
    ``(n) Approval and Notice Before Certain Construction, Repair, and 
Renovation Projects.--
            ``(1) Approval.--A construction, repair, or renovation 
        project costing more than $1,000,000 may not be carried out 
        under this section unless approved in advance by the Commander 
        of the United States Central Command.
            ``(2) Notice.--When a decision is made to carry out a 
        construction, repair, or renovation project to which paragraph 
        (1) applies, the Commander of the United States Central Command 
        shall notify in writing the appropriate committees of Congress 
        of that decision, including the justification for the project 
        and the estimated cost of the project. The project may be 
        carried out only after the end of the 21-day period beginning 
        on the date the notification is received by the committees or, 
        if earlier, the end of the 14-day period beginning on the date 
        on which a copy of the notification is provided in an 
        electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of title 10, United 
        States Code.''.
            (3) Element in quarterly reports on construction, repair, 
        and renovation.--Paragraph (8) of subsection (d) of such 
        section 1236 is amended to read as follows:
            ``(8) A list of new projects for construction, repair, or 
        renovation commenced during the period covered by such progress 
        report, and a list of projects for construction, repair, or 
        renovation continuing from the period covered by the preceding 
        progress report.''.
    (b) Funding.--Subsection (g) of such section 1236, as most recently 
amended by section 1222 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017, is further amended--
            (1) by striking ``in the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2017 for Overseas Contingency Operations in 
        title XV for fiscal year 2017'' and inserting ``for the 
        Department of Defense for Overseas Contingency Operations for 
        fiscal year 2018''; and
            (2) by striking ``$630,000,000'' and inserting 
        ``$1,269,000,000''.
    (c) Name of Islamic State or Iraq and Syria.--
            (1) In general.--Such section 1236 is further amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(1)--
                            (i) by striking ``the Levant'' and 
                        inserting ``Syria''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``ISIL'' each place it 
                        appears and inserting ``ISIS''; and
                    (B) in subsection (l)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1)(B)(i), by striking 
                        ``the Levant (ISIL)'' and inserting ``Syria 
                        (ISIS)''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking 
                        ``ISIL'' and inserting ``ISIS''.
            (2) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section 1236 is 
        amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1236. AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE ASSISTANCE TO COUNTER THE ISLAMIC 
              STATE OF IRAQ AND SYRIA.''.

SEC. 1232. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE ASSISTANCE TO THE 
              VETTED SYRIAN OPPOSITION.

    (a) Nature of Assistance.--Subsection (a) of section 1209 of the 
Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3541), as 
amended by section 1221(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2485), is further 
amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by striking 
``construction of training and associated facilities'' and inserting 
``construction and repair of training and associated facilities or 
other facilities necessary to meet urgent military operational 
requirements of a temporary nature with a cost less than $4,000,000''.
    (b) Scope of Element on Construction Projects in Quarterly Progress 
Reports.--Subsection (d)(9) of such section 1209 is amended by 
inserting before the semicolon the following: ``, including new 
construction or repair commenced during the period covered by such 
progress report and construction and repair continuing from the period 
covered by the preceding progress report''.
    (c) Notice on New Initiatives.--
            (1) In general.--Subsection (f) of such section 1209, as 
        most recently amended by section 1221(b) of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, is further 
        amended to read as follows:
    ``(f) Notice to Congress Before Initiation of New Initiatives.--Not 
later than 30 days before initiating a new initiative under subsection 
(a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a notice setting forth the following:
            ``(1) The initiative to be carried out, including a 
        detailed description of the assistance provided.
            ``(2) The budget, implementation timeline and anticipated 
        delivery schedule for the assistance to which the initiative 
        relates, the military department responsible for management and 
        the associated program executive office, and the completion 
        date for the initiative.
            ``(3) The amount, source, and planned expenditure of funds 
        to carry out the initiative.
            ``(4) Any financial or other support for the initiation 
        provided by foreign governments.
            ``(5) Any other information with respect to the initiative 
        that the Secretary considers appropriate.''.
            (2) Effective date.--The amendment made by paragraph (1) 
        shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and 
        shall apply with respect to new initiatives initiated under 
        section 1209 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 on or 
        after the date that is 30 days after the date of the enactment 
        of this Act.
    (d) Limitation on Aggregate Cost of Construction and Repair 
Projects.--Such section 1209 is further amended by adding at the end 
the following new subsection:
    ``(l) Limitation on Aggregate Cost of Construction and Repair 
Projects.--The aggregate amount of construction and repair projects 
carried out under this section in any fiscal year may not exceed 
$10,000,000.''.
    (e) Approval and Notice Before Certain Construction and Repair 
Projects.--Such section 1209 is further amended by adding at the end 
the following new subsection:
    ``(m) Approval and Notice Before Certain Construction and Repair 
Projects.--
            ``(1) Approval.--A construction or repair project costing 
        more than $1,000,000 may not be carried out under this section 
        unless approved in advance by the Commander of the United 
        States Central Command.
            ``(2) Notice.--When a decision is made to carry out a 
        construction or repair project to which paragraph (1) applies, 
        the Commander of the United States Central Command shall notify 
        in writing the appropriate committees of Congress of that 
        decision, including the justification for the project and the 
        estimated cost of the project. The project may be carried out 
        only after the end of the 21-day period beginning on the date 
        the notification is received by the committees or, if earlier, 
        the end of the 14-day period beginning on the date on which a 
        copy of the notification is provided in an electronic medium 
        pursuant to section 480 of title 10, United States Code.''.

SEC. 1233. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO SUPPORT 
              OPERATIONS AND ACTIVITIES OF THE OFFICE OF SECURITY 
              COOPERATION IN IRAQ.

    (a) Extension of Authority.--Subsection (f)(1) of section 1215 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (10 U.S.C. 
113 note) is amended by striking ``fiscal year 2017'' and inserting 
``fiscal year 2018''.
    (b) Amount Available.--
            (1) In general.--Such section is further amended--
                    (A) in subsection (c), by striking ``fiscal year 
                2017 may not exceed $70,000,000'' and inserting 
                ``fiscal year 2018 may not exceed $42,000,000''; and
                    (B) in subsection (d), by striking ``fiscal year 
                2017'' and inserting ``fiscal year 2018''.
            (2) Limitation of use of fy18 funds pending plan.--Of the 
        amount available for fiscal year 2018 for section 1215 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012, as 
        amended by this section, not more than 50 percent may be 
        obligated or expended until 30 days after the date on which the 
        plan required by the joint explanatory statement to accompany 
        the conference report on S.2943 of the 114th Congress, the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, and 
        entitled ``to transition the activities conducted by OSC-I but 
        funded by the Department of Defense to another entity or 
        transition the funding of such activities to another source'' 
        is provided to the appropriate committees of Congress.
    (c) Clarification of OSC-I Mandate and Expansion of Eligible 
Recipients.--Subsection (f) of such section is further amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``training activities in 
        support of Iraqi Ministry of Defense and Counter Terrorism 
        Service personnel'' and all that follows and inserting 
        ``activities to support the following:
                    ``(A) Defense institution building to mitigate 
                capability gaps and promote effective and sustainable 
                defense institutions.
                    ``(B) Professionalization, strategic planning and 
                reform, financial management, manpower management, and 
                logistics management of military and other security 
                forces of or associated with the Government of Iraq, 
                including Kurdish and tribal security forces or other 
                local security forces with a national security mission, 
                at a base or facility of the Government of Iraq.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``of training''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking ``training'' and inserting 
                ``activities of the Office of Security Cooperation in 
                Iraq''.

SEC. 1234. MODIFICATION AND ADDITIONAL ELEMENTS IN ANNUAL REPORT ON THE 
              MILITARY POWER OF IRAN.

    (a) In General.--Section 1245(b) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (10 U.S.C. 113 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (5)--
                    (A) by inserting ``and from'' after ``transfers 
                to'';
                    (B) by striking ``from non-Iranian sources'' and 
                inserting ``from or to non-Iranian sources or 
                destinations''; and
                    (C) by inserting before the period at the end the 
                following: ``, including transfers that pertain to 
                nuclear development, ballistic missiles, and chemical, 
                biological, and advanced conventional weapons, weapon 
                systems, and delivery vehicles''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(6) An assessment of the use of civilian transportation 
        infrastructure and assets, including seaports, airports, and 
        commercial vessels and aircraft, used to transport illicit 
        military cargo to or from Iran, including military personnel, 
        military goods, and related components.
            ``(7) An assessment of military-to-military cooperation 
        between Iran and foreign counties, including Cuba, North Korea, 
        Pakistan, Sudan, Syria, Venezuela, and any other country 
        designated by the Secretary of Defense with additional 
        reference to cooperation and collaboration on the development 
        of nuclear, biological, chemical, and advanced conventional 
        weapons, weapon systems, and delivery vehicles.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply with 
respect to reports required to be submitted under section 1245 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 after that 
date.

         Subtitle D--Matters Relating to the Russian Federation

SEC. 1241. EXTENSION OF LIMITATION ON MILITARY COOPERATION BETWEEN THE 
              UNITED STATES AND THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

    Section 1232 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by inserting ``or 2018'' after ``fiscal year 
                2017''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``in the fiscal year concerned'' 
                after ``may be used''; and
            (2) in subsection (c), by inserting ``with respect to funds 
        for a fiscal year'' after ``the limitation in subsection (a)''.

SEC. 1242. EXTENSION OF LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS RELATING TO 
              ACTIVITIES TO RECOGNIZE THE SOVEREIGNTY OF THE RUSSIAN 
              FEDERATION OVER CRIMEA.

    Section 1234 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``or 2018'' after 
        ``fiscal year 2017''; and
            (2) in subsection (b), by inserting ``for a fiscal year'' 
        after ``expenditure of funds''.

SEC. 1243. EXTENSION OF UKRAINE SECURITY ASSISTANCE INITIATIVE.

    (a) Extension.--Subsection (h) of section 1250 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 
Stat. 1068), as amended by section 1237 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2494), is further amended by striking ``December 31, 2018'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2019''.
    (b) Funding for Fiscal Year 2018.--Subsection (f) of such section 
1250, as added by subsection (a) of such section 1237, is further 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) For fiscal year 2018, $500,000,000.''.
    (c) Availability of Funds.--Subsection (c) of such section 1250, as 
amended by subsection (c) of such section 1237, is further amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting after ``pursuant to 
        subsection (f)(2)'' the following: ``, or more than 
        $250,000,000 of the funds available for fiscal year 2018 
        pursuant to subsection (f)(3),'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``with respect to the 
        fiscal year concerned'' after ``is a certification''; and
            (3) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by inserting ``or 2018'' after ``in fiscal year 
                2017''; and
                    (B) by striking ``in paragraph (2), such funds may 
                be used in that fiscal year'' and inserting ``in 
                paragraph (2) with respect to such fiscal year, such 
                funds may be used in such fiscal year''.

SEC. 1244. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY ON TRAINING FOR EASTERN EUROPEAN 
              NATIONAL SECURITY FORCES IN THE COURSE OF MULTILATERAL 
              EXERCISES.

    (a) Extension.--Subsection (h) of section 1251 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (10 U.S.C. 2282 note) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``September 30, 2018'' and inserting 
        ``December 31, 2020''; and
            (2) by striking ``fiscal years 2016 through 2018'' and 
        inserting ``fiscal year 2016 through calendar year 2020''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--Such section is further 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``military'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``security'';
            (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``that'' and inserting 
        ``than''; and
            (3) in subsection (f), by striking ``section 2282'' and 
        inserting ``chapter 16''.

SEC. 1245. SECURITY ASSISTANCE FOR BALTIC NATIONS FOR JOINT PROGRAM FOR 
              RESILIENCY AND DETERRENCE AGAINST AGGRESSION.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may, with the concurrence 
of the Secretary of State, conduct or support a joint program of the 
Baltic nations to improve their resilience against and build their 
capacity to deter aggression by the Russian Federation.
    (b) Joint Program.--For purposes of subsection (a), a joint program 
of the Baltic nations may be either of the following:
            (1) A program jointly agreed by the Baltic nations that 
        builds interoperability among those countries.
            (2) An agreement for the joint procurement by the Baltic 
        nations of defense articles or services using assistance 
        provided pursuant to subsection (a).
    (c) Participation of Other Countries.--Any country other than a 
Baltic nation may participate in the joint program described in 
subsection (a), but only using funds of such country.
    (d) Limitation on Amount.--The total amount of assistance provided 
pursuant to subsection (a) in fiscal year 2018 may not exceed 
$100,000,000.
    (e) Funding.--Amounts for assistance provided pursuant to 
subsection (a) shall be derived from amounts authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act and available for the European Deterrence 
Initiative (EDI).
    (f) Baltic Nations Defined.--In this section, the term ``Baltic 
nations'' means the following:
            (1) Estonia.
            (2) Latvia.
            (3) Lithuania.

SEC. 1246. ANNUAL REPORT ON MILITARY AND SECURITY DEVELOPMENTS 
              INVOLVING THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

    Section 1245(b) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 
113-291; 128 Stat. 3566), as most recently amended by section 1235(a) 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public 
Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2490), is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (14) through (20) as 
        paragraphs (15) through (21), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (13) the following new 
        paragraph (14):
            ``(14) An assessment of Russia's hybrid warfare strategy 
        and capabilities, including--
                    ``(A) Russia's information warfare strategy and 
                capabilities, including the use of misinformation, 
                disinformation, and propaganda in social and 
                traditional media;
                    ``(B) Russia's financing of political parties, 
                think tanks, media organizations, and academic 
                institutions;
                    ``(C) Russia's malicious cyber activities;
                    ``(D) Russia's use of coercive economic tools, 
                including sanctions, market access, and differential 
                pricing, especially in energy exports; and
                    ``(E) Russia's use of criminal networks and 
                corruption to achieve political objectives.''.

SEC. 1247. ANNUAL REPORT ON ATTEMPTS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION TO 
              PROVIDE DISINFORMATION AND PROPAGANDA TO MEMBERS OF THE 
              ARMED FORCES BY SOCIAL MEDIA.

    (a) Annual Report Required.--Not later than March 31 each year, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on attempts by the Russian Federation, or any 
foreign person acting as an agent of or on behalf of the Russian 
Federation, during the preceding year to knowingly disseminate Russian 
Federation-supported disinformation or propaganda, through social media 
applications or related Internet-based means, to members of the Armed 
Forces with probable intent to cause injury to the United States or 
advantage the Government of the Russian Federation.
    (b) Form.--Each report under this section shall be submitted in 
unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

SEC. 1248. SUPPORT OF EUROPEAN DETERRENCE INITIATIVE TO DETER RUSSIAN 
              AGGRESSION.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) Military exercises, such as Exercise Nifty Nugget and 
        Exercise Reforger during the Cold War, have historically made 
        important contributions to testing operational concepts, 
        technologies, and leadership approaches; identifying limiting 
        factors in the execution of operational plans and appropriate 
        corrective action; and bolstering deterrence against 
        adversaries by demonstrating United States military 
        capabilities.
            (2) Military exercises with North Atlantic Treaty 
        Organization (NATO) allies enhance the interoperability and 
        strategic credibility of the alliance.
            (3) The increase in conventional, nuclear, and hybrid 
        threats by the Russian Federation against the security 
        interests of the United States and allies in Europe requires 
        substantial and sustained investment to improve United States 
        combat capability in Europe.
            (4) The decline of a permanent United States military 
        presence in Europe in recent years increases the likelihood the 
        United States will rely on being able to flow forces from the 
        continental United States to the European theater in the event 
        of a major contingency.
            (5) Senior military leaders, including the Commander of 
        United States Transportation Command, have warned that a 
        variety of increasingly advanced capabilities, especially the 
        proliferation of anti-access, area denial (A2/AD) capabilities, 
        have given adversaries of the United States the ability to 
        challenge the freedom of movement of the United States military 
        in all domains from force deployment to employment to disrupt, 
        delay, or deny operations.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that, to 
enhance the European Deterrence Initiative and bolster deterrence 
against Russian aggression, the United States, together with North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization allies and other European partners, should 
demonstrate its resolve and ability to meet its commitments under 
Article V of the North Atlantic Treaty through appropriate military 
exercises with an emphasis on participation of United States forces 
based in the continental United States and testing strategic and 
operational logistics and transportation capabilities.
    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report setting forth the following:
                    (A) An analysis of the challenges to the ability of 
                the United States to flow significant forces from the 
                continental United States to the European theater in 
                the event of a major contingency.
                    (B) The plans of the Department of Defense, 
                including the conduct of military exercises, to address 
                such challenges.
            (2) Form.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall be 
        submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
        annex.

SEC. 1249. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE EUROPEAN DETERRENCE INITIATIVE.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the European Deterrence Initiative will bolster efforts 
        to deter further Russian aggression by providing resources to--
                    (A) train and equip the military forces of North 
                Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and non-North 
                Atlantic Treaty Organization partners in order to 
                improve responsiveness, expand expeditionary 
                capability, and strengthen combat effectiveness across 
                the spectrum of security environments;
                    (B) enhance the indications and warning, 
                interoperability, and logistics capabilities of Allied 
                and partner military forces to increase their ability 
                to respond to external aggression, defend sovereignty 
                and territorial integrity, and preserve regional 
                stability;
                    (C) improve the agility and flexibility of military 
                forces required to address threats across the full 
                spectrum of domains and effectively operate in a wide 
                array of coalition operations across diverse global 
                environments from North Africa and the Middle East to 
                Eastern Europe and the Arctic; and
                    (D) mitigate potential gaps forming in the areas of 
                information warfare, Anti-Access Area Denial, and force 
                projection;
            (2) investments that support the security and stability of 
        Europe, and that assist European nations in further developing 
        their security capabilities, are in the long-term vital 
        national security interests of the United States; and
            (3) funds for such efforts should be authorized and 
        appropriated in the base budget of the Department of Defense in 
        order to ensure continued and planned funding to address long-
        term stability in Europe, reassure the European allies and 
        partners of the United States, and deter further Russian 
        aggression.

SEC. 1250. ENHANCEMENT OF UKRAINE SECURITY ASSISTANCE INITIATIVE.

    Section 1250(b) of National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 126 Stat. 1068), as amended by section 
1237(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
(Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2495), is further amended by adding at 
the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(12) Treatment of wounded Ukraine soldiers in the United 
        States in medical treatment facilities through the Secretarial 
        Designee Program, and transportation, lodging, meals, and other 
        appropriate non-medical support in connection with such 
        treatment (including incidental expenses in connection with 
        such support).''.

SEC. 1251. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE IMPORTANCE OF THE NORTH ATLANTIC 
              TREATY ORGANIZATION INTELLIGENCE FUSION CENTER.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) 
        Intelligence Fusion Center provides a crucial contribution to 
        the North Atlantic Treaty Organization alliance and the 
        national security of the United States.
            (2) The fast-paced evolution of the security situation 
        throughout Europe and its periphery, as well as a marked 
        increase in conventional, nuclear, and hybrid threats from the 
        Russian Federation, require optimized efforts to track and 
        attribute critical threats to the security and stability of 
        Europe and United States national security interests.
            (3) The ability of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
        Intelligence Fusion Center to leverage strategic intelligence 
        partnerships with the United States and other allies 
        facilitates daily and direct collaboration that provides 
        operational advantages and efficiencies needed to ensure the 
        rapid and proper response by the North Atlantic Treaty 
        Organization to Russian aggression in the conventional, 
        nuclear, and hybrid domains.
            (4) The collocation of the North Atlantic Treaty 
        Organization Intelligence Fusion Center with the Joint 
        Intelligence Analysis Complex of the United States European 
        Command facilitates the sharing and fusion of intelligence, 
        contributes to filling intelligence gaps within both the North 
        Atlantic Treaty Organization and the United States European 
        Command, and supports a common intelligence picture for the 
        North Atlantic Council, which is essential to establishing 
        political consensus on evaluating, analyzing, and attributing 
        existing and emerging threats.
            (5) The North Atlantic Treaty Organization Intelligence 
        Fusion Center and its collocation with the Joint Intelligence 
        Analysis Complex contribute significantly to providing the 
        North Atlantic Treaty Organization alliance and the United 
        States European Command timely and effective indications and 
        warnings of threats emanating from within and around Europe.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
collocation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization Intelligence 
Fusion Center with the Joint Intelligence Analysis Complex of the 
United States European Command provides the optimal solution to 
intelligence and operational requirements, while fostering critical 
diplomatic relationships, and is the most efficient configuration of 
the intelligence enterprise.

        Subtitle E--Matters Relating to the Asia-Pacific Region

SEC. 1261. ASIA-PACIFIC STABILITY INITIATIVE.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a program 
of activities described in subsection (b) for the purpose of enhancing 
stability in the Asia-Pacific region. The program of activities shall 
be known as the ``Asia-Pacific Stability Initiative''.
    (b) Activities.--The activities described in this subsection are 
the following:
            (1) Activities to increase the presence and enhance the 
        posture of the United States Armed Forces in the Asia-Pacific 
        region.
            (2) Bilateral and multilateral military training and 
        exercises with allies and partner nations in the Asia-Pacific 
        region.
            (3) Activities to improve military and defense 
        infrastructure in the Asia-Pacific region in order to enhance 
        the responsiveness and capabilities of the United States Armed 
        Forces in that region.
            (4) Activities to enhance the storage and pre-positioning 
        in the Asia-Pacific region of equipment of the United States 
        Armed Forces.
            (5) Activities to build the defense and security capacity 
        of the United States Armed Forces in the Asia-Pacific region 
        and, using the authorities specified in subsection (c), the 
        defense and security capacity of allies and partner nations in 
        that region.
    (c) Activities To Build Defense and Security Capacity of Allies and 
Partner Nations.--The activities to build the defense and security 
capacity of allies and partner nations in the Asia-Pacific region 
described in subsection (b)(5) may include activities under the 
authorities of the Department of Defense as follows:
            (1) Section 2282 of title 10, United States Code, or 
        section 333 of such title (its successor section), relating to 
        authority to build the capacity of foreign security forces.
            (2) Section 332 of title 10, United States Code, relating 
        to defense institution capacity building for friendly foreign 
        countries and international and regional organizations.
            (3) Section 1263 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2016 (10 U.S.C. 2282 note), relating to the 
        Southeast Asia Maritime Security Initiative.
            (4) Section 1206 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
        McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
        (10 U.S.C. 2282 note), relating to training of security forces 
        and associated ministries of foreign countries to promote 
        respect for the rule of law and human rights.
            (5) Any other authority available to the Secretary of 
        Defense for the purpose of building the defense and security 
        capacity of allies and partner nations in the Asia-Pacific 
        region.
    (d) Transfer Requirements.--
            (1) Use of funds only pursuant to transfer.--Funds 
        available for the Asia-Pacific Stability Initiative may be used 
        for activities described in subsections (b) and (c) only 
        pursuant to a transfer of such funds to or among either or both 
        of the following accounts of the Department of Defense:
                    (A) Military personnel accounts.
                    (B) Operation and maintenance accounts.
            (2) Effect on authorization amounts.--The transfer of an 
        amount available for the Asia-Pacific Stability Initiative to 
        an account under the authority provided by paragraph (1) in a 
        fiscal year shall be deemed to increase the amount authorized 
        for such account for such fiscal year by an amount equal to the 
        amount transferred.
            (3) Construction with other transfer authority.--The 
        transfer authority provided by paragraph (1) is in addition to 
        any other transfer authority available to the Department of 
        Defense by law.
    (e) Notification Requirements.--Not later than 15 days before that 
date on which a transfer of funds under subsection (d) takes effect, 
the Secretary of Defense shall notify the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and the House of Representatives in writing of the 
transfer. Each notice of a transfer of funds shall include the 
following:
            (1) A detailed description of the project or activity to be 
        supported by the transfer of funds, including any request of 
        the Commander of the United States Pacific Command for support, 
        urgent operational need, or emergent operational need to be 
        satisfied by the project or activity.
            (2) The amount to be transferred and expended on the 
        project or activity.
            (3) A timeline for expenditure of the transferred funds.
    (f) Funding.--Amounts for the Asia- Pacific Stability Initiative 
shall be derived from amounts authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 2018 for the Department of Defense for operation and maintenance 
by section 301 and available for the Asia-Pacific Stability Initiative 
as specified in the funding table in section 4301.
    (g) Duration of Transfer Authority.--The authority in subsection 
(d) to transfer funds expires September 30, 2019.
    (h) Asia-Pacific Region Defined.--In this section, the term ``Asia-
Pacific region'' means the region that falls under the responsibility 
and jurisdiction of United States Pacific Command.

SEC. 1262. EXPANSION OF MILITARY-TO-MILITARY ENGAGEMENT WITH THE 
              GOVERNMENT OF BURMA.

    Section 1253(a) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 
113-291; 128 Stat. 3571; 22 U.S.C. 2151 note) is amended by adding at 
the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(6) Courses or workshops to improve the Burmese 
        military's--
                    ``(A) understanding of regional and global security 
                issues; and
                    ``(B) ability to adhere to international training 
                standards.
            ``(7) Consultation, education, and training on maritime 
        domain awareness.
            ``(8) Consultation, education, and training on peacekeeping 
        operations.
            ``(9) Courses or workshops on combating illegal trafficking 
        and migration.''.

SEC. 1263. AGREEMENT SUPPLEMENTAL TO COMPACT OF FREE ASSOCIATION WITH 
              PALAU.

    (a) Approval of Agreement Supplemental to Compact.--The Compact 
Review Agreement and appendices signed by the United States and the 
Republic of Palau on September 3, 2010, in connection with section 432 
of the Compact of Free Association with Palau (Public Law 99-658; 48 
U.S.C. 1931 note), with the funding schedule therein to be modified by 
the parties to the Agreement as necessary and appropriate, are approved 
(hereinafter the ``Agreement'').
    (b) Status of Prior Year Payments.--Amounts provided to the 
Government of Palau by the Government of the United States in fiscal 
years 2011 through 2017 shall also be considered as funding to 
implement the Agreement.
    (c) Extension of Effective Date.--Section 105(f)(1)(B)(ix) of the 
Compact of Free Association Amendments Act of 2003 (48 U.S.C. 
1921d(f)(1)(B)(ix)) is amended by striking ``2009'' and inserting 
``2024''.

SEC. 1264. WORKFORCE ISSUES FOR RELOCATION OF MARINES TO GUAM.

    (a) Amendments to the Military Construction Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2009.--Subsection 2824(c)(6)(D) of the Military 
Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (division B of 
Public Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs'' 
        after ``the Secretary of Labor'' each place it appears; and
            (2) in the last sentence, by striking ``determines'' and 
        inserting ``determine''.
    (b) Amendment to Joint Resolution Approving the Covenant 
Establishing Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.--Section 
6(b) of the Joint Resolution entitled ``A Joint Resolution to approve 
the `Covenant To Establish a Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
Islands in Political Union With the United States of America', and for 
other purposes'', approved March 24, 1976 (48 U.S.C. 1806(b)) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Numerical Limitations for Nonimmigrant Workers.--
            ``(1) In general.--An alien, if otherwise qualified, may, 
        before December 31, 2023, seek admission to Guam as a 
        nonimmigrant worker under section 101(a)(15)(H) of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(H)) 
        without counting against the numerical limitations set forth in 
        section 214(g) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1184(g)). The numerical 
        limitation of such aliens may not exceed 4,000 for any fiscal 
        year. An alien, if otherwise qualified, may, before December 
        31, 2023, be admitted under section 101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(b) of 
        such Act for a period of up to 3 years to perform services or 
        labor on Guam pursuant to any agreement entered into by a prime 
        contractor or subcontractor calling for services or labor 
        required for performance of the contract or subcontract in 
        direct support of all military-funded construction, repairs, 
        renovation, and facilities services necessary to enable the 
        Marine Corps realignment in the Pacific, notwithstanding the 
        requirement of such section that the service or labor be 
        temporary. This subsection does not apply to any employment to 
        be performed outside of Guam or the Commonwealth.
            ``(2) Applicability of certain requirements.--The 
        requirements of section 2824(c) of the Military Construction 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (division B of Public Law 110-417; 10 
        U.S.C. note) shall apply to this subsection.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (b) shall 
take effect on the date that is 120 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act.

SEC. 1265. UNITED STATES POLICY WITH RESPECT TO FREEDOM OF NAVIGATION 
              OPERATIONS AND OVERFLIGHT BEYOND THE TERRITORIAL SEAS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) Since the Declaration of Independence in 1776, which 
        was inspired in part as a response to a ``tyrant'' who 
        ``plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts'' and who wrote laws 
        ``for cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world'', 
        freedom of seas and promotion of international commerce have 
        been core security interests of the United States.
            (2) Article I, section 8 of the Constitution of the United 
        States establishes enumerated powers for Congress, which 
        include regulating commerce with foreign nations, punishing 
        piracies and felonies committed on the high seas and offenses 
        against the law of nations, and providing and maintaining a 
        Navy.
            (3) For centuries, the United States has maintained a 
        commitment to ensuring the right to freedom of navigation for 
        all law-abiding parties in every region of the world.
            (4) In support of international law, the longstanding 
        United States commitment to freedom of navigation and ensuring 
        the free access to sea lanes to promote global commerce remains 
        a core security interest of the United States.
            (5) This is particularly true in areas of the world that 
        are critical transportation corridors and key routes for global 
        commerce, such as the South China Sea and the East China Sea, 
        through which a significant portion of global commerce 
        transits.
            (6) The consistent exercise of freedom of navigation 
        operations and overflights by United States naval and air 
        forces throughout the world plays a critical role in 
        safeguarding the freedom of the seas for all lawful nations, 
        supporting international law, and ensuring the continued safe 
        passage and promotion of global commerce and trade.
    (b) Declaration of Policy.--It is the policy of the United States 
to fly, sail, and operate throughout the oceans, seas, and airspace of 
the world wherever international law allows.
    (c) Implementation of Policy.--In furtherance of the policy set 
forth in subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) plan and execute a robust series of routine and regular 
        naval presence missions and freedom of navigation operations 
        (FONOPs) throughout the world, including for critical 
        transportation corridors and key routes for global commerce;
            (2) execute, in such critical transportation corridors, 
        routine and regular naval presence missions and maritime 
        freedom of navigation operations throughout the year;
            (3) in addition to the operations executed pursuant to 
        paragraph (2), execute routine and regular maritime freedom of 
        navigation operations throughout the year, in accordance with 
        international law, including the use of expanded military 
        options and maneuvers beyond innocent passage; and
            (4) to the maximum extent practicable, execute freedom of 
        navigation operations pursuant to this subsection with regional 
        partner countries and allies of the United States.

SEC. 1266. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE IMPORTANCE OF THE RULE OF LAW IN 
              THE SOUTH CHINA SEA.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the South China Sea is a vitally important waterway for 
        global commerce and for regional security, with almost 30 
        percent of the maritime trade of the world transiting the South 
        China Sea annually;
            (2) the People's Republic of China is undermining regional 
        security and prosperity and challenging international rules and 
        norms by engaging in coercive activities and attempting to 
        limit lawful foreign operations in the South China Sea;
            (3) a tribunal determined ``that China had violated the 
        Philippines' sovereign rights in its exclusive economic zone by 
        (a) interfering with Philippine fishing and petroleum 
        exploration, (b) constructing artificial islands and (c) 
        failing to prevent Chinese fishermen from fishing in the 
        zone,'' and that ``Chinese law enforcement vessels had 
        unlawfully created a serious risk of collision when they 
        physically obstructed Philippine vessels'';
            (4) the arbitral tribunal award of July 2016 stated that 
        there is ``no legal basis for China to claim historic rights to 
        resources within the sea areas falling within the nine-dash 
        line''; and
            (5) the United States should play a vital role in securing 
        the South China Sea and ensuring freedom of navigation and 
        overflight for all countries by undertaking freedom of 
        navigation operations on a regular and consistent basis, as 
        well as maintaining persistent presence operations in the 
        region.

SEC. 1267. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE IMPORTANCE OF THE RELATIONSHIP 
              BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND JAPAN.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the United States and Japan are indispensable partners 
        in tackling global challenges, and have pledged significant 
        support for efforts to counter violent extremism (including the 
        threat of the Islamic State), combat the proliferation of 
        weapons of mass destruction, prevent piracy, and assist the 
        victims of conflict and disaster worldwide;
            (2) the security alliance between the United States and 
        Japan has evolved considerably over many decades and will 
        continue to transform as a partnership, sharing greater 
        responsibilities, dedicated to ensuring a secure and prosperous 
        Asia-Pacific region and world;
            (3) the alliance between the United States and Japan is 
        essential for ensuring maritime security and freedom of 
        navigation, commerce, and overflight in the waters of the East 
        China Sea;
            (4) Japan, a cornerstone of peace in the Asia-Pacific 
        region, stands as a strong partner of the United States in 
        efforts to uphold respect for the rule of law and to oppose the 
        use of coercion, intimidation, or force to change the regional 
        or global status quo, including in the East China Sea and the 
        South China Sea, which are among the busiest waterways in the 
        world;
            (5) the United States and Japan are committed to working 
        together towards a world in which the Democratic People's 
        Republic of Korea (DPRK) does not threaten global peace and 
        security with its weapons of mass destruction and illicit 
        activities, and in which it respects human rights and its 
        people can live in freedom;
            (6) the alliance between the United States and Japan should 
        be strengthened to maintain peace and stability in the Asia-
        Pacific region and beyond, to confront emerging challenges, and 
        to safeguard maritime security and ensure freedom of 
        navigation, commerce, and overflight in the East China Sea and 
        the South China Sea;
            (7) although the United States Government does not take a 
        position on sovereignty of the Senkaku Islands, the United 
        States acknowledges that the islands are under the 
        administration of Japan and opposes any unilateral actions that 
        would seek to undermine their administration by Japan; and
            (8) the unilateral actions of a third party will not affect 
        the United States acknowledgment of the administration of Japan 
        over the Senkaku Islands, and the United States remains 
        committed under the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security 
        with Japan to respond to any armed attack in the territories 
        under the administration of Japan.

SEC. 1268. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE IMPORTANCE OF THE UNITED STATES 
              ALLIANCE WITH THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The Government of North Korea has repeatedly violated 
        its commitments to the complete, verifiable, and irreversible 
        dismantlement of its nuclear weapons programs.
            (2) Based on its past actions, including the transfer of 
        sensitive nuclear and missile technology to state sponsors of 
        terrorism, North Korea poses a grave risk for the proliferation 
        of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction.
            (3) North Korea has--
                    (A) unilaterally withdrawn from the Korean War 
                Armistice Agreement, done at Panmunjom, Korea, July 27, 
                1953; and
                    (B) committed provocations against South Korea--
                            (i) by sinking the warship Cheonan and 
                        killing 46 of her crew on March 26, 2010;
                            (ii) by shelling Yeonpyeong Island and 
                        killing 4 South Korea civilians on November 23, 
                        2010; and
                            (iii) by its involvement in the 
                        ``DarkSeoul'' cyberattacks against the 
                        financial and communications interests of the 
                        Republic of Korea on March 20, 2013.
            (4) North Korea maintains a system of brutal political 
        prison camps that contain as many as 200,000 men, women, and 
        children, who are--
                    (A) kept in atrocious living conditions with 
                insufficient food, clothing, and medical care; and
                    (B) under constant fear of rape, torture, or 
                arbitrary execution.
            (5) The Government of North Korea has provided technical 
        support and conducted destructive and coercive cyberattacks 
        including against Sony Pictures Entertainment and other United 
        States persons.
            (6) The conduct of the Government of North Korea poses an 
        imminent threat to--
                    (A) the security of the United States and its 
                allies;
                    (B) the global economy;
                    (C) the safety of members of the United States 
                Armed Forces;
                    (D) the integrity of the global financial system;
                    (E) the integrity of global nonproliferation 
                programs; and
                    (F) the people of North Korea.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that, in order 
to achieve the peaceful disarmament of North Korea, the United States 
should--
            (1) reaffirm the commitment of the United States to 
        defending our allies in the region, including through the 
        deployment of a Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) 
        battery to the Republic of Korea, and the commitment to provide 
        extended deterrence, guaranteed by the full spectrum of United 
        States defense capabilities, including conventional 
        capabilities, missile defense, and the nuclear umbrella;
            (2) support ongoing efforts to strengthen the alliance 
        between the United States and the Republic of Korea alliance, 
        to protect the 28,500 members of the United States Armed Forces 
        stationed on the Korean Peninsula, and to defend the alliance 
        against any and all provocations committed by the North Korea 
        regime; and
            (3) support efforts to deepen trilateral coordination and 
        cooperation between the United States, the Republic of Korea, 
        and Japan, to address the grave and growing threat of the 
        ballistic missiles and nuclear weapons programs of North Korea.

SEC. 1269. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON EXTENDED DETERRENCE FOR THE KOREAN 
              PENINSULA AND JAPAN.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the nuclear and missile program of North Korea is one 
        of the most dangerous national security threats facing the 
        United States today; and
            (2) given the threat posed by North Korea to our allies, 
        the Republic of Korea and Japan, the Nuclear Posture Review 
        that will occur this year should fully consider the 
        perspectives of key allies and partners of the United States in 
        East Asia, including the Republic of Korea and Japan.

SEC. 1270. DEFENSE PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND TAIWAN.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that United 
States should strengthen and enhance its long-standing partnership and 
strategic cooperation with Taiwan, and reinforce its commitment to the 
Taiwan Relations Act and the ``Six Assurances'' as both countries work 
toward mutual security objectives, by--
            (1) conducting regular transfers of defense articles and 
        defense services necessary to enable Taiwan to secure common 
        interests and objectives with the United States, based solely 
        on the needs of Taiwan;
            (2) assisting Taiwan in building an effective air defense 
        capability consisting of a balance of fighters and mobile air 
        defense systems; and
            (3) inviting Taiwan to participate in multilateral training 
        activities hosted by the United States that increase the 
        credible deterrent capabilities of Taiwan.
    (b) Report on Naval Port of Call Exchanges Between the United 
States and Taiwan.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than September 1, 2018, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the appropriate committees 
        of Congress a report on the following:
                    (A) An assessment and planning regarding ports of 
                call by the United States Navy at Kaohsiung, or any 
                other suitable port or ports on the island of Taiwan.
                    (B) An assessment of the feasibility and 
                advisability of permitting the United States Pacific 
                Command (PACOM) to receive ports of call by the navy of 
                Taiwan in Hawaii, Guam, and other appropriate 
                locations.
            (2) Form.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall be 
        submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
        annex.
            (3) Appropriate committees of congress defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
        means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
                Representatives.

SEC. 1270A. NAVAL PORT OF CALL EXCHANGES BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND 
              TAIWAN.

    The Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) reestablish regular ports of call by the United States 
        Navy at Kaohsiung or any other suitable port or ports on the 
        island of Taiwan; and
            (2) permit the United States Pacific Command (PACOM) to 
        receive ports of call by the navy of Taiwan in Hawaii, Guam, 
        and other appropriate locations.

SEC. 1270B. PROGRAM TO ENHANCE THE UNDERSEA WARFARE CAPABILITIES OF 
              TAIWAN.

    The Secretary of Defense shall implement a program of technical 
assistance and consultation to support the efforts of Taiwan to develop 
indigenous undersea warfare capabilities, including vehicles and sea 
mines, for its military forces.

SEC. 1270C. INVITATION OF TAIWAN MILITARY FORCES TO PARTICIPATE IN 
              JOINT MILITARY EXERCISES.

    The Secretary of Defense shall invite the military forces of Taiwan 
to participate in one of the military exercises known as the ``Red 
Flag'' exercises, conducted at Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska, and 
Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada, that are conducted during the one-year 
period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 1270D. REPORT ON MILITARY EXCHANGES BETWEEN SENIOR OFFICERS AND 
              OFFICIALS OF THE UNITED STATES AND TAIWAN.

    Not later than April 1, 2018, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report that includes the 
following:
            (1) A list of actions taken to implement the 
        recommendations contained in section 1284 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-
        328; 130 Stat. 2544).
            (2) A description of future plans to implement the 
        recommendations contained in section 1284 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017.
            (3) If no actions have been taken to implement the 
        recommendations contained in section 1284 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 or there are no 
        future plans to implement the recommendations, the reasons why.

                          Subtitle F--Reports

SEC. 1271. SUBMITTAL OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SUPPLEMENTAL AND COST OF 
              WAR EXECUTION REPORTS ON QUARTERLY BASIS.

    Subsection (c) of section 1212 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (10 U.S.C. 113 note) is amended 
to read as follows:
    ``(c) Quarterly Submittal to Congress and GAO of Certain Reports on 
Costs.--Not later than 45 days after the end of each fiscal year 
quarter, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees and the Comptroller General of the United States the 
Department of Defense Supplemental and Cost of War Execution report for 
such fiscal year quarter.''.

SEC. 1272. CONSOLIDATION OF REPORTS ON UNITED STATES ARMED FORCES, 
              CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES, AND CONTRACTORS DEPLOYED IN SUPPORT 
              OF OPERATION INHERENT RESOLVE AND OPERATION FREEDOM'S 
              SENTINEL.

    (a) Reports Required.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and every 90 days thereafter, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on United States Armed Forces, Department of Defense civilian 
employees, and Department of Defense contractor employees deployed in 
support of Operation Inherent Resolve and Operation Freedom's Sentinel.
    (b) Elements.--Each report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) The total number of members of the United States Armed 
        Forces, set forth by Armed Force and component (whether 
        regular, National Guard, or Reserve), Department of Defense 
        civilian employees, and Department of Defense contractor 
        employees deployed in support of Operation Inherent Resolve and 
        Operation Freedom's Sentinel for the most recent month for 
        which data is available.
            (2) An estimate for the 3-month period following the date 
        on which the report is submitted of the total number of members 
        of the United States Armed Forces, set forth by Armed Force and 
        component (whether regular, National Guard, or Reserve), 
        Department civilian employees, and Department contractor 
        employees to be deployed in support of Operation Inherent 
        Resolve and Operation Freedom's Sentinel.
            (3) A description of any limitations on the number of 
        United States Armed Forces, Department civilian employees, and 
        Department contractor employees deployed in support of 
        Operation Inherent Resolve and Operation Freedom's Sentinel.
            (4) A description of military functions that are and are 
        not subject to the limitations described in paragraph (3).
            (5) The total number of members of the United States Armed 
        Forces, set forth by Armed Force and component (whether 
        regular, National Guard, or Reserve), Department civilian 
        employees, and Department contractor employees deployed in 
        support of Operation Inherent Resolve or Operation Freedom's 
        Sentinel that are not subject to the limitations described in 
        paragraph (3) for the most recent month for which data is 
        available.
            (6) Any changes to the limitations described in paragraph 
        (3), and the rationale for such changes.
            (7) Any other matters the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (c) Form.--If any report under subsection (a) is submitted in 
classified form, such report shall be accompanied by an unclassified 
summary that includes, at a minimum, the information required by 
subsection (b)(1).
    (d) Sunset.--The requirement to submit reports under this section 
shall terminate on the earlier of--
            (1) the date on which Operation Inherent Resolve and 
        Operation Freedom's Sentinel terminate, whichever is later; or
            (2) the date that is five years after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act.
    (e) Repeal of Superseded Provision.--Section 1224 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 
Stat. 1053) is repealed.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

SEC. 1281. MODIFICATION OF AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS IN SPECIAL DEFENSE 
              ACQUISITION FUND FOR PRECISION GUIDED MUNITIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 114(c)(3) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``amount available'' and all that follows 
        through ``$500,000,000'' and inserting ``amount of obligation 
        authority available from the Special Defense Acquisition Fund 
        in any fiscal year after fiscal year 2017, 20 percent''; and
            (2) by inserting after ``precision guided munitions'' the 
        following: ``, and associated support equipment and 
        services,''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on October 1, 2017.

SEC. 1282. USE OF FUNDS IN THE UNITED STATES FOR CERTAIN UNITED STATES-
              ISRAEL ANTI-TUNNEL COOPERATION ACTIVITIES.

    (a) In General.--Section 1279(b) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (22 U.S.C. 8606(b)) is amended 
by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) Use of certain amount for rdt&e in us.--Of the amount 
        provided by the United States in support under paragraph (1), 
        not less than 50 percent of such amount shall be used for 
        research, development, test, and evaluation activities in the 
        United States in connection with such support.''.
    (b) Repeal of Superseded Limitation.--Section 1295 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
Stat. 2562) is amended by striking subsection (c).

SEC. 1283. FOREIGN MILITARY SALES LETTERS OF REQUEST FOR PRICING AND 
              AVAILABILITY.

    Before delivering a formal pricing and availability response to a 
foreign customer with respect to a foreign military sale, the 
Department of Defense implementing agency shall consult with relevant 
United States commercial entities that would be involved in the foreign 
military sale case. If as a result of such consultation a commercial 
entity determines that the pricing and availability factors being 
developed by the implementing agency are not accurate, the implementing 
agency and the commercial entity shall each provide a justification 
with respect to the differences to the Defense Security Cooperation 
Agency within 30 days of the implementing agency being notified of such 
discrepancy.

SEC. 1284. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON REAFFIRMING STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIPS AND 
              ALLIES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) Since World War II, the United States has sought 
        partnership and cooperation in establishing a rules-based 
        international order which has resulted in one of the most 
        prosperous periods of human history.
            (2) The United States is signatory to seven mutual defense 
        treaties with 56 different countries.
            (3) One of the United States defense alliances is the 29-
        nation-strong North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) which 
        is celebrating its 68th anniversary.
            (4) The United States has not faced a more diverse and 
        complex array of crises and threats, including the emergence of 
        competitors like Russia and China, increasingly unstable 
        threats from North Korea and Iran, and the continued threat 
        from transnational violent extremist groups like the Islamic 
        State and al-Qaeda.
            (5) The strain of a decreased military budget has decreased 
        capability at precisely the time when demand for United States 
        military strength has increased.
            (6) Fifteen years of continuous war has stymied military 
        modernization, focused training on asymmetrical warfare over 
        large-scale conflicts.
            (7) Secretary of Defense James Mattis stated that 
        ``alliances provide avenues for peace, fostering the conditions 
        for economic growth with countries that share the same vision, 
        while tempering the plans of those who would attack other 
        nations or try to impose their will over the less powerful''.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the United States is an ally rich nation and our 
        potential competitors--such as Russia, China, and North Korea--
        are ally poor;
            (2) United States allies and partners are critical to 
        defending peace and prosperity throughout the world;
            (3) the rules-based international order supported by the 
        United States and its allies has ensured--and will continue to 
        promote--an international system that benefits all nations;
            (4) throughout the world, the United States will continue 
        to foster relationships with nations of like minds and beliefs;
            (5) as the United States manages multiple strategic 
        challenges, our enduring strength remains in alliances such as 
        the North Atlantic Treaty Organization; and
            (6) the United States will continue to deepen alliances and 
        expand them, and will take no ally for granted.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

SEC. 1301. SPECIFICATION OF COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION FUNDS.

    (a) Fiscal Year 2018 Cooperative Threat Reduction Funds Defined.--
In this title, the term ``fiscal year 2018 Cooperative Threat Reduction 
funds'' means the funds appropriated pursuant to the authorization of 
appropriations in section 301 and made available by the funding table 
in section 4301 for the Department of Defense Cooperative Threat 
Reduction Program established under section 1321 of the Department of 
Defense Cooperative Threat Reduction Act (50 U.S.C. 3711).
    (b) Availability of Funds.--Funds appropriated pursuant to the 
authorization of appropriations in section 301 and made available by 
the funding table in section 4301 for the Department of Defense 
Cooperative Threat Reduction Program shall be available for obligation 
for fiscal years 2018, 2019, and 2020.

SEC. 1302. FUNDING ALLOCATIONS.

    Of the $324,600,000 authorized to be appropriated to the Department 
of Defense for fiscal year 2018 in section 301 and made available by 
the funding table in section 4301 for the Department of Defense 
Cooperative Threat Reduction Program established under section 1321 of 
the Department of Defense Cooperative Threat Reduction Act (50 U.S.C. 
3711), the following amounts may be obligated for the purposes 
specified:
            (1) For strategic offensive arms elimination, $12,100,000.
            (2) For chemical weapons destruction, $5,000,000.
            (3) For global nuclear security, $17,900,000.
            (4) For cooperative biological engagement, $172,800,000.
            (5) For proliferation prevention, $89,800,000.
            (6) For activities designated as Other Assessments/
        Administrative Costs, $27,000,000.

                    TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                     Subtitle A--Military Programs

SEC. 1401. WORKING CAPITAL FUNDS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for providing capital for working capital and 
revolving funds, as specified in the funding table in section 4501.

SEC. 1402. CHEMICAL AGENTS AND MUNITIONS DESTRUCTION, DEFENSE.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2018 
for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for Chemical Agents and 
Munitions Destruction, Defense, as specified in the funding table in 
section 4501.
    (b) Use.--Amounts authorized to be appropriated under subsection 
(a) are authorized for--
            (1) the destruction of lethal chemical agents and munitions 
        in accordance with section 1412 of the Department of Defense 
        Authorization Act, 1986 (50 U.S.C. 1521); and
            (2) the destruction of chemical warfare materiel of the 
        United States that is not covered by section 1412 of such Act.

SEC. 1403. DRUG INTERDICTION AND COUNTER-DRUG ACTIVITIES, DEFENSE-WIDE.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the Department 
of Defense for fiscal year 2018 for expenses, not otherwise provided 
for, for Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide, 
as specified in the funding table in section 4501.

SEC. 1404. DEFENSE INSPECTOR GENERAL.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the Department 
of Defense for fiscal year 2018 for expenses, not otherwise provided 
for, for the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of 
Defense, as specified in the funding table in section 4501.

SEC. 1405. DEFENSE HEALTH PROGRAM.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for the Defense Health Program, as specified in the funding table in 
section 4501, for use of the Armed Forces and other activities and 
agencies of the Department of Defense in providing for the health of 
eligible beneficiaries.

                 Subtitle B--National Defense Stockpile

SEC. 1411. AUTHORITY TO DISPOSE OF CERTAIN MATERIALS FROM AND TO 
              ACQUIRE ADDITIONAL MATERIALS FOR THE NATIONAL DEFENSE 
              STOCKPILE.

    (a) Disposal Authority.--Pursuant to section 5(b) of the Strategic 
and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act (50 U.S.C. 98d(b)), the 
National Defense Stockpile Manager may dispose of not more than 25 
short tons of materials transferred from another department or agency 
of the United States to the National Defense Stockpile under section 
4(b) of such Act (50 U.S.C. 98c(b)) that the National Defense Stockpile 
Manager determines is no longer required from the stockpile.
    (b) Acquisition Authority.--
            (1) Authority.--Using funds available in the National 
        Defense Stockpile Transaction Fund, the National Defense 
        Stockpile Manager may acquire the following materials 
        determined to be strategic and critical materials required to 
        meet the defense, industrial, and essential civilian needs of 
        the United States:
                    (A) Electrolytic manganese metal.
                    (B) Antimony.
            (2) Amount of authority.--The National Defense Stockpile 
        Manager may use up to $9,000,000 in the National Defense 
        Stockpile Transaction Fund for acquisition of the materials 
        specified in paragraph (1).
            (3) Fiscal year limitation.--The authority under paragraph 
        (1) is available for purchases during fiscal year 2018 through 
        fiscal year 2027.

             Subtitle C--Chemical Demilitarization Matters

SEC. 1421. ACQUISITION REPORTING ON MAJOR CHEMICAL DEMILITARIZATION 
              PROGRAMS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Reporting on Major Programs.--Acquisition reporting on each 
major program within the chemical demilitarization programs of the 
Department of Defense, including construction in connection with such 
program, shall--
            (1) comply with reporting guidelines for an Acquisition 
        Category 1 (ACAT 1) system; and
            (2) be reported separately from acquisition reporting on 
        the other major program within the chemical demilitarization 
        programs of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Major Program Within the Chemical Demilitarization Programs of 
the Department of Defense Defined.--In this section, the term ``major 
program within the chemical demilitarization programs of the Department 
of Defense'' means each program as follows:
            (1) Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant program, 
        Colorado.
            (2) Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant 
        program, Kentucky.

                Subtitle D--Armed Forces Retirement Home

SEC. 1431. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT 
              HOME.

    There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
from the Armed Forces Retirement Home Trust Fund the sum of $64,300,000 
for the operation of the Armed Forces Retirement Home.

SEC. 1432. ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME MATTERS.

    (a) Termination of Oversight Responsibilities of Under Secretary of 
Defense for Personnel and Readiness.--
            (1) Senior medical advisor.--Section 1513A of the Armed 
        Forces Retirement Home Act of 1991 (24 U.S.C. 413a) is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (b), by striking ``the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness,'' in 
                the matter preceding paragraph (1); and
                    (B) in subsection (c)(4), by striking ``the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness'' and 
                inserting ``the Secretary of Defense''.
            (2) Ombudsmen.--Section 1517(e)(2) of such Act (24 U.S.C. 
        417(e)(2)) is amended by striking ``the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Personnel and Readiness'' and inserting ``the 
        Secretary of Defense''.
            (3) Inspections.--Section 1518 of such Act (24 U.S.C. 418) 
        is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness,''; 
                and
                    (B) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness'' and 
                inserting ``the Secretary of Defense''.
    (b) Advisory Council.--Section 1516 of such Act (24 U.S.C. 416) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``15 members,'' and 
        all that follows and inserting ``15 members.''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``shall'' and 
        inserting ``may''.
    (c) Administrators.--Section 1517(b) of such Act (24 U.S.C. 417(b)) 
is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) serve at the pleasure of the Secretary of Defense.''.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

SEC. 1441. AUTHORITY FOR TRANSFER OF FUNDS TO JOINT DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE-DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL FACILITY 
              DEMONSTRATION FUND FOR CAPTAIN JAMES A. LOVELL HEALTH 
              CARE CENTER, ILLINOIS.

    (a) Authority for Transfer of Funds.--Of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by section 1405 and available for the Defense Health 
Program for operation and maintenance, $115,500,000 may be transferred 
by the Secretary of Defense to the Joint Department of Defense-
Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration Fund 
established by subsection (a)(1) of section 1704 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 
Stat. 2571). For purposes of subsection (a)(2) of such section 1704, 
any funds so transferred shall be treated as amounts authorized and 
appropriated specifically for the purpose of such a transfer.
    (b) Use of Transferred Funds.--For the purposes of subsection (b) 
of such section 1704, facility operations for which funds transferred 
under subsection (a) may be used are operations of the Captain James A. 
Lovell Federal Health Care Center, consisting of the North Chicago 
Veterans Affairs Medical Center, the Navy Ambulatory Care Center, and 
supporting facilities designated as a combined Federal medical facility 
under an operational agreement covered by section 706 of the Duncan 
Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public 
Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4500).

SEC. 1442. ENHANCEMENT OF DATABASE OF EMERGENCY RESPONSE CAPABILITIES 
              OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--Section 1406 of the John Warner National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 
2436; 10 U.S.C. 113 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``The Secretary of Defense shall maintain'' 
        and inserting the following:
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish and 
maintain''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by inserting ``(including cyber capabilities)'' 
                after ``emergency response capabilities''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``(including units of the National 
                Guard and Reserves)'' after ``identification of the 
                units''.
    (b) Information Required To Keep Database Current.--Such section is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b) Information Required To Keep Database Current.--In 
implementing and maintaining the database required by subsection (a), 
the Secretary shall identify and revise the information required to be 
included in the database at least once every two years for purposes of 
keeping the database current.''.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 1501. PURPOSE.

    The purpose of this subtitle is to authorize appropriations for the 
Department of Defense for fiscal year 2018 to provide additional funds 
for overseas contingency operations being carried out by the Armed 
Forces.

SEC. 1502. OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for the Department of Defense for overseas contingency operations in 
such amounts as may be designated as provided in section 
251(b)(2)(A)(ii) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control 
Act of 1985.

SEC. 1503. PROCUREMENT.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for procurement accounts for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, 
the Air Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in the funding 
table in section 4102.

SEC. 1504. RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 
4202.

SEC. 1505. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
4302.

SEC. 1506. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
military personnel, as specified in the funding table in section 4402.

SEC. 1507. WORKING CAPITAL FUNDS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for providing capital for working capital and 
revolving funds, as specified in the funding table in section 4502.

SEC. 1508. DRUG INTERDICTION AND COUNTER-DRUG ACTIVITIES, DEFENSE-WIDE.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the Department 
of Defense for fiscal year 2018 for expenses, not otherwise provided 
for, for Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide, 
as specified in the funding table in section 4502.

SEC. 1509. DEFENSE INSPECTOR GENERAL.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the Department 
of Defense for fiscal year 2018 for expenses, not otherwise provided 
for, for the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of 
Defense, as specified in the funding table in section 4502.

SEC. 1510. DEFENSE HEALTH PROGRAM.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the Department 
of Defense for fiscal year 2018 for expenses, not otherwise provided 
for, for the Defense Health Program, as specified in the funding table 
in section 4502.

                     Subtitle B--Financial Matters

SEC. 1521. TREATMENT AS ADDITIONAL AUTHORIZATIONS.

    The amounts authorized to be appropriated by this title are in 
addition to amounts otherwise authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act.

SEC. 1522. SPECIAL TRANSFER AUTHORITY.

    (a) Authority To Transfer Authorizations.--
            (1) Authority.--Upon determination by the Secretary of 
        Defense that such action is necessary in the national interest, 
        the Secretary may transfer amounts of authorizations made 
        available to the Department of Defense in this title for fiscal 
        year 2018 between any such authorizations for that fiscal year 
        (or any subdivisions thereof). Amounts of authorizations so 
        transferred shall be merged with and be available for the same 
        purposes as the authorization to which transferred.
            (2) Limitation.--The total amount of authorizations that 
        the Secretary may transfer under the authority of this 
        subsection may not exceed $3,500,000,000.
    (b) Terms and Conditions.--Transfers under this section shall be 
subject to the same terms and conditions as transfers under section 
1001.
    (c) Additional Authority.--The transfer authority provided by this 
section is in addition to the transfer authority provided under section 
1001.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

SEC. 1531. AFGHANISTAN SECURITY FORCES FUND.

    (a) Continuation of Prior Authorities and Notice and Reporting 
Requirements.--Funds available to the Department of Defense for the 
Afghanistan Security Forces Fund for fiscal year 2018 shall be subject 
to the conditions contained in subsections (b) through (g) of section 
1513 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 
(Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 428), as amended by section 1531(b) of 
the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 
(Public Law 111-383; 124 Stat. 4424).
    (b) Equipment Disposition.--
            (1) Acceptance of certain equipment.--Subject to paragraph 
        (2), the Secretary of Defense may accept equipment that is 
        procured using amounts in the Afghanistan Security Forces Fund 
        authorized under this Act and is intended for transfer to the 
        security forces of Afghanistan, but is not accepted by such 
        security forces.
            (2) Conditions on acceptance of equipment.--Before 
        accepting any equipment under the authority provided by 
        paragraph (1), the Commander of United States forces in 
        Afghanistan shall make a determination that the equipment was 
        procured for the purpose of meeting requirements of the 
        security forces of Afghanistan, as agreed to by both the 
        Government of Afghanistan and the United States, but is no 
        longer required by such security forces or was damaged before 
        transfer to such security forces.
            (3) Elements of determination.--In making a determination 
        under paragraph (2) regarding equipment, the Commander of 
        United States forces in Afghanistan shall consider alternatives 
        to Secretary of Defense acceptance of the equipment. An 
        explanation of each determination, including the basis for the 
        determination and the alternatives considered, shall be 
        included in the relevant quarterly report required under 
        paragraph (5).
            (4) Treatment as department of defense stocks.--Equipment 
        accepted under the authority provided by paragraph (1) may be 
        treated as stocks of the Department of Defense upon 
        notification to the congressional defense committees of such 
        treatment.
            (5) Quarterly reports on equipment disposition.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act and every 90-day 
                period thereafter during which the authority provided 
                by paragraph (1) is exercised, the Secretary of Defense 
                shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
                report describing the equipment accepted during the 
                period covered by such report under the following:
                            (i) This subsection.
                            (ii) Section 1521(b) of the National 
                        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
                        (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2575).
                            (iii) Section 1531(b) of the National 
                        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
                        (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1088).
                            (iv) Section 1532(b) of the Carl Levin and 
                        Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
                        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public 
                        Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3613).
                            (v) Section 1531(d) of the National Defense 
                        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public 
                        Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 938; 10 U.S.C. 2302 
                        note).
                    (B) Elements.--Each report under subparagraph (A) 
                shall include a list of all equipment that was accepted 
                during the period covered by the report and treated as 
                stocks of the Department of Defense and copies of the 
                determinations made under paragraph (2), as required by 
                paragraph (3).
    (c) Security of Afghan Women.--
            (1) In general.--Of the funds available to the Department 
        of Defense for the Afghan Security Forces Fund for fiscal year 
        2018, it is the goal that $25,000,000, but in no event less 
        than $10,000,000, shall be used for--
                    (A) the recruitment, integration, retention, 
                training, and treatment of women in the Afghan National 
                Defense and Security Forces; and
                    (B) the recruitment, training, and contracting of 
                female security personnel for future elections.
            (2) Types of programs and activities.--Such programs and 
        activities may include--
                    (A) efforts to recruit women into the Afghan 
                National Defense and Security Forces, including the 
                special operations forces;
                    (B) programs and activities of the Afghan Ministry 
                of Defense Directorate of Human Rights and Gender 
                Integration and the Afghan Ministry of Interior Office 
                of Human Rights, Gender and Child Rights;
                    (C) development and dissemination of gender and 
                human rights educational and training materials and 
                programs within the Afghan Ministry of Defense and the 
                Afghan Ministry of Interior;
                    (D) efforts to address harassment and violence 
                against women within the Afghan National Defense and 
                Security Forces;
                    (E) improvements to infrastructure that address the 
                requirements of women serving in the Afghan National 
                Defense and Security Forces, including appropriate 
                equipment for female security and police forces, and 
                transportation for policewomen to their station;
                    (F) support for Afghanistan National Police Family 
                Response Units; and
                    (G) security provisions for high-profile female 
                police and army officers.
    (d) Inspector General Oversight of Fund.--
            (1) Quality standards for ig products.--Except as provided 
        in paragraph (3), each product published or issued by an 
        Inspector General relating to the oversight of programs and 
        activities funded under the Afghanistan Security Forces Fund 
        shall be prepared--
                    (A) in accordance with the Generally Accepted 
                Government Auditing Standards/Government Auditing 
                Standards (GAGAS/GAS), as issued and updated by the 
                Government Accountability Office; or
                    (B) if not prepared in accordance with the 
                standards referred to in subparagraph (A), in 
                accordance with the Quality Standards for Inspection 
                and Evaluation issued by the Council of the Inspectors 
                General on Integrity and Efficiency (commonly referred 
                to as the ``CIGIE Blue Book'').
            (2) Specification of quality standards followed.--Each 
        product published or issued by an Inspector General relating to 
        the oversight of programs and activities funded under the 
        Afghanistan Security Forces Fund shall cite within such product 
        the quality standards followed in conducting and reporting the 
        work concerned.
            (3) Waiver.--The Lead Inspector General for Operation 
        Freedom's Sentinel may waive the applicability of paragraph (1) 
        to a specific product relating to the oversight by an Inspector 
        General of activities and programs funded under the Afghanistan 
        Security Forces Fund if the Lead Inspector General determines 
        that the waiver would facilitate timely efforts to promote 
        efficiency and effectiveness and prevent, detect, and deter 
        fraud, waste, and abuse. Any product published or issued 
        pursuant to a waiver under this paragraph shall include a 
        statement that work for such product was not conducted in 
        accordance with the standards referred to in paragraph (1) and 
        an explanation why such standards were not employed.

     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

SEC. 1601. AIR FORCE SPACE COMMAND.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 135 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2279c. Air Force Space Command
    ``(a) In General.--The head of the Air Force Space Command shall be 
the Commander of the Air Force Space Command, who shall be appointed in 
accordance with section 601 of this title.
    ``(b) Term.--The Commander shall be appointed to serve a term of 
six years, and the Secretary of Defense may--
            ``(1) terminate, or propose to extend for a period of four 
        years, the term of the appointment of the Commander; or
            ``(2) propose to promote the individual serving as the 
        Commander during that term of appointment.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for such chapter is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2279b the 
following new item:

``2279c. Air Force Space Command.''.

SEC. 1602. AIR FORCE SPACE CONTRACTOR RESPONSIBILITY WATCH LIST.

    (a) In General.--The Commander of the Air Force Space and Missile 
Systems Center shall establish and maintain a watch list of contractors 
with a history of poor performance on space procurement or research, 
development, test, and evaluation program contracts.
    (b) Basis for Inclusion on List.--
            (1) In general.--The Commander of the Air Force Space and 
        Missile Systems Center may place a contractor on the watch list 
        established under subsection (a) upon determining that the 
        ability of the contractor to perform Air Force space contracts 
        has been called into question by any of the following issues:
                    (A) Poor performance or award fee scores below 50 
                percent.
                    (B) Financial concerns.
                    (C) Felony convictions or civil judgements.
                    (D) Security or foreign ownership and control 
                issues.
            (2) Discretion of the commander.--The Commander of the Air 
        Force Space and Missile Systems Center shall be responsible for 
        determining which contractors to place on the watch list, 
        whether an entire company or a specific division should be 
        included, and when to remove a contractor from the list.
    (c) Effect of Listing.--
            (1) Prime contracts.--The Air Force Space and Missile 
        Systems Center may not solicit an offer from, award a contract 
        to, execute an engineering change proposal with, or exercise an 
        option on any Air Force space program with a contractor 
        included on the list established under subsection (a) without 
        the prior approval of the Commander of the Air Force Space and 
        Missile Systems Center.
            (2) Subcontracts.--A prime contractor on a Air Force Space 
        and Missile Systems Center contract may not enter into a 
        subcontract valued in excess of $3,000,000 or 5 percent of the 
        prime contract value with a contractor included on the watch 
        list established under subsection (a) without the prior 
        approval of the Commander of the Air Force Space and Missile 
        Systems Center.
    (d) Request for Removal From List.--A contractor may submit to the 
Commander a written request for removal from the watch list, including 
evidence that the contractor has resolved the issue that was the basis 
for inclusion on the list.
    (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed as preventing the suspension or debarment of a contractor, 
but inclusion on the watch list shall not be construed as a punitive 
measure or de facto suspension or debarment of a contractor.

SEC. 1603. PRESIDENTIAL NATIONAL VOICE CONFERENCING SYSTEM.

    (a) Consolidation of Elements.--Not later than one year after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, all program elements and funding for 
the Presidential National Voice Conferencing System (PNVC) shall be 
transferred to the Program Executive Office with responsibility for the 
Presidential National Voice Conferencing System.
    (b) Acquisition Reporting.--Commencing not later than one year 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, any reporting on the 
acquisition of the Presidential National Voice Conferencing System 
shall comply with reporting guidelines for an Acquisition Category 1 
(ACAT 1) system.

SEC. 1604. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR DELTA IV LAUNCH VEHICLE.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 or any fiscal year 
thereafter for the Air Force may be obligated to maintain 
infrastructure, system engineering, critical skills, base and range 
support, depreciation, or sustainment commodities for the Delta IV 
launch vehicle until the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force 
submits to the congressional defense committees a certification that 
the Air Force plans to launch a satellite procured by the Air Force on 
a Delta IV launch vehicle during the 3-year period beginning on the 
date of the certification.

SEC. 1605. POLICY OF THE UNITED STATES WITH RESPECT TO CLASSIFICATION 
              OF SPACE AS A COMBAT DOMAIN.

    (a) In General.--It is the policy of the United States to develop, 
produce, field, and maintain an integrated system of assets in response 
to the increasingly contested nature of the space operating domain to--
            (1) ensure the resiliency of capabilities at every level of 
        orbit in space;
            (2) deter or deny an attack on capabilities at every level 
        of orbit in space; and
            (3) defend the territory of the United States, its allies, 
        and its deployed forces across all operating domains.
    (b) Implementation.--The United States shall implement the policy 
set forth in subsection (a)--
            (1) in accordance with the laws of the United States and 
        the obligations of the United States under international 
        agreements; and
            (2) with appropriate consultation, cooperation, and 
        coproduction of assets with allies and partners of the United 
        States.

SEC. 1606. LAUNCH SUPPORT AND INFRASTRUCTURE MODERNIZATION.

    (a) In General.--In support of the policy outlined in section 2273 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall carry 
out a program to modernize infrastructure and improve support 
activities for processing and launch of United States national security 
space vehicles launching from Federal ranges.
    (b) Elements.--The program required by this section shall include--
            (1) investments in infrastructure to improve operations at 
        the Eastern and Western Ranges that may benefit all users, to 
        enhance the overall capabilities of ranges, to improve safety, 
        and to reduce the long term cost of operations and maintenance;
            (2) measures to normalize processes, systems, and products 
        across the Eastern and Western ranges to minimize the burden on 
        launch providers; and
            (3) improvements in transparency, flexibility, and, 
        responsiveness for launch scheduling.
    (c) Consultation.--In carrying out this program, the Secretary 
should consult with current and anticipated users of the Eastern and 
Western ranges.
    (d) Cooperation.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary 
should consider partnerships authorized under section 2276 of title 10, 
United States Code.
    (e) Report.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than 120 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit 
        to the congressional defense committees a report on the plan 
        for the implementation of the launch support and infrastructure 
        modernization program.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall include--
                    (A) a description of plans and the resources needed 
                to improve launch support infrastructure, utilities, 
                support equipment, and range operations;
                    (B) a description of plans to streamline and 
                normalize processes, systems, and products at the 
                Eastern and Western ranges, to ensure consistency for 
                range users; and
                    (C) recommendations for improving transparency, 
                flexibility, and responsiveness in launch scheduling.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

SEC. 1611. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO ENGAGE IN COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES AS 
              SECURITY FOR INTELLIGENCE COLLECTION ACTIVITIES.

    The second sentence of section 431(a) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2020''.

     Subtitle C--Cyber Warfare, Cybersecurity, and Related Matters

SEC. 1621. POLICY OF THE UNITED STATES ON CYBERSPACE, CYBERSECURITY, 
              AND CYBER WARFARE.

    (a) In General.--It shall be the policy of the United States, with 
respect to matters pertaining to cyberspace, cybersecurity, and cyber 
warfare, that the United States should employ all instruments of 
national power, including the use of offensive cyber capabilities, to 
deter if possible, and respond when necessary, to any and all cyber 
attacks or other malicious cyber activities that target United States 
interests with the intent to--
            (1) cause casualties among United States persons or persons 
        of our allies;
            (2) significantly disrupt the normal functioning of United 
        States democratic society or government (including attacks 
        against critical infrastructure that could damage systems used 
        to provide key services to the public or government);
            (3) threaten the command and control of the United States 
        Armed Forces, the freedom of maneuver of the United States 
        Armed Forces, or the industrial base or other infrastructure on 
        which the United States Armed Forces rely to defend United 
        States interests and commitments; or
            (4) achieve an effect, whether individually or in 
        aggregate, comparable to an armed attack or imperil a vital 
        interest of the United States.
    (b) Response Options.--In carrying out the policy set forth in 
subsection (a), the United States shall plan, develop, and demonstrate 
response options to address the full range of potential cyber attacks 
on United States interests that could be conducted by potential 
adversaries of the United States.
    (c) Denial Options.--In carrying out the policy set forth in 
subsection (a) through response options developed pursuant to 
subsection (b), the United States shall, to the greatest extent 
practicable, prioritize the defensibility and resiliency against cyber 
attacks and malicious cyber activities described in subsection (a) of 
infrastructure critical to the political integrity, economic security, 
and national security of the United States.
    (d) Cost-imposition Options.--In carrying out the policy set forth 
in subsection (a) through response options developed pursuant to 
subsection (b), the United States shall develop and demonstrate, or 
otherwise make known to adversaries of the existence of, cyber 
capabilities to impose costs on any foreign power targeting the United 
States or United States persons with a cyber attack or malicious cyber 
activity described in subsection (a).
    (e) Multi-prong Response.--In carrying out the policy set forth in 
subsection (a) through response options developed pursuant to 
subsection (b), the United States shall--
            (1) devote immediate and sustained attention to boosting 
        the cyber resilience of critical United States strike systems 
        (including cyber, nuclear, and non-nuclear systems) in order to 
        ensure the United States can credibly threaten to impose 
        unacceptable costs in response to even the most sophisticated 
        large-scale cyber attack;
            (2) develop offensive cyber capabilities and specific plans 
        and strategies to put at risk targets most valued by 
        adversaries of the United States and their key decision makers;
            (3) enhance attribution capabilities to reduce the time 
        required to positively attribute an attack with high 
        confidence; and
            (4) develop intelligence and offensive cyber capabilities 
        to detect, disrupt, and potentially expose malicious cyber 
        activities.
    (f) Policies Relating to Offensive Cyber Capabilities and 
Sovereignty.--It is the policy of the United States that, when a cyber 
attack or malicious cyber activity transits or otherwise relies upon 
the networks or infrastructure of a third country--
            (1) the United States shall, to the greatest extent 
        practicable, notify and encourage the government of that 
        country to take action to eliminate the threat; and
            (2) if the government is unable or unwilling to take 
        action, the United States reserves the right to act 
        unilaterally (with the consent of that government if possible, 
        but without such consent if necessary).
    (g) Authority of Secretary of Defense.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense has the authority 
        to develop, prepare, coordinate, and, when appropriately 
        authorized to do so, conduct military cyber operations in 
        response to cyber attacks and malicious cyber activities 
        described in subsection (a) that are carried out against the 
        United States or United States persons by a foreign power.
            (2) Delegation of additional authorities.--The Secretary 
        may delegate to the Commander of the United States Cyber 
        Command such authorities of the Secretaries of the military 
        departments, including authorities relating to manning, 
        training, and equipping, that the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
            (3) Use of delegated authorities.--The use by the Commander 
        of the United States Cyber Command of any authority delegated 
        to the Commander pursuant to this subsection shall be subject 
        to the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary.
            (4) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this subsection shall 
        be construed to limit the authority of the President or 
        Congress to authorize the use of military force.
    (h) Foreign Power Defined.--In this section, the term ``foreign 
power'' has the meaning given that term in section 101 of the Foreign 
Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (50 U.S.C. 1801).

SEC. 1622. CYBER POSTURE REVIEW.

    (a) Requirement for Comprehensive Review.--In order to clarify 
United States cyber deterrence policy and strategy for the near term, 
the Secretary of Defense shall conduct a comprehensive review of the 
cyber posture of the United States for the next 5 to 10 years. The 
Secretary shall conduct the review in consultation with the Director of 
National Intelligence, the Attorney General, the Secretary of the 
Department of Homeland Security, and the Secretary of State.
    (b) Elements of Review.--The cyber posture review shall include the 
following elements:
            (1) The role of cyber forces in United States military 
        strategy, planning, and programming.
            (2) A declaratory policy relating to United States 
        responses to cyber attack and use of offensive cyber 
        capabilities, guidance for the employment of offensive cyber 
        capabilities, a public affairs plan, and an engagement plan for 
        adversaries and allies.
            (3) Proposed norms for the conduct of offensive cyber 
        operations in crisis and conflict.
            (4) Guidance for the development of cyber deterrence 
        campaign plans focused on key leadership of Russia, China, 
        Iran, North Korea, and any other country the Secretary 
        determines appropriate.
            (5) Examination through analysis and gaming of escalation 
        dynamics in various scenarios, as well as the spiral escalatory 
        effects of countries developing increasingly potent offensive 
        cyber capabilities, and what steps should be undertaken to 
        bolster stability in cyberspace and more broadly stability 
        between major powers.
            (6) A certification of whether sufficient personnel are 
        trained and equipped to meet validated cyber requirements.
            (7) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress, in unclassified and 
classified forms as necessary, a report on the results of the cyber 
posture review conducted under this section.
    (d) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the United 
States should respond to all cyber attacks and to all significant cyber 
intrusions by imposing costs on those responsible that exceed any 
benefit that the attacker or intruder may have hoped to gain.

SEC. 1623. MODIFICATION AND CLARIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS AND 
              AUTHORITIES RELATING TO ESTABLISHMENT OF UNIFIED 
              COMBATANT COMMAND FOR CYBER OPERATIONS.

    (a) Deadline for Establishment.--Before the Cyber Mission Force 
reaches full operational capability, the President shall establish the 
unified combatant command for cyber operations forces pursuant to 
section 167b(a) of title 10, United State Code.
    (b) Clarification of Functions.--Subsection (a) of section 167b of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking the second sentence;
            (2) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``With the''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) The principal functions of the cyber command are as follows:
            ``(A) To execute cyber operations.
            ``(B) To prepare cyber operations forces to carry out 
        assigned missions.''.
    (c) Modification of Assignment of Forces.--Subsection (b) of such 
section is amended by striking ``stationed in the United States''.
    (d) Modification of Command of Activity or Mission.--Subsection (d) 
of such section is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Command of Activity or Mission.--The commander of the cyber 
command shall execute and exercise command of cyberspace operations and 
coordinate with the affected commanders of the unified combatant 
commands, unless otherwise directed by the President or the Secretary 
of Defense.''.
    (e) Modification of Authority of Combatant Commander.--Subsection 
(e)(2)(A) of such section is amended--
            (1) in clause (iii)--
                    (A) in subclause (I), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subclause (II), by striking ``assigned to 
                unified combatant commands'';
                    (C) by redesignating subclause (II) as subclause 
                (III); and
                    (D) by inserting after subclause (I) the following 
                new subclause (II):
                    ``(II) for development and acquisition of joint 
                cyber capabilities; and'';
            (2) in clause (iv), by striking ``joint'' and inserting 
        ``cyber operations''; and
            (3) in clause (v), by striking ``commissioned and 
        noncommissioned officers'' and inserting ``cyber operations 
        forces''.

SEC. 1624. ANNUAL ASSESSMENT OF CYBER RESILIENCY OF NUCLEAR COMMAND AND 
              CONTROL SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 24 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 499. Annual assessment of cyber resiliency of nuclear command 
              and control system
    ``(a) In General.--Not less frequently than annually, the Commander 
of the United States Strategic Command and the Commander of the United 
States Cyber Command (in this section referred to collectively as the 
`Commanders') shall jointly conduct an assessment of the cyber 
resiliency of the nuclear command and control system.
    ``(b) Elements.--In conducting the assessment required by 
subsection (a), the Commanders shall--
            ``(1) conduct an assessment of the sufficiency and 
        resiliency of the nuclear command and control system to operate 
        through a cyber attack from the Russian Federation, the 
        People's Republic of China, or any other country or entity the 
        Commanders identify as a potential threat; and
            ``(2) develop recommendations for mitigating any concerns 
        of the Commanders resulting from the assessment.
    ``(c) Report Required.--(1) The Commanders shall jointly submit to 
the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, for submission to the 
Council on Oversight of the National Leadership Command, Control, and 
Communications System established under section 171a of this title (in 
this section referred to as the `Council'), a report on the assessment 
required by subsection (a) that includes the following:
            ``(A) The recommendations developed under subsection 
        (b)(2).
            ``(B) A statement of the degree of confidence of each of 
        the Commanders in the mission assurance of the nuclear 
        deterrent against a top tier cyber threat.
            ``(C) A detailed description of the approach used to 
        conduct the assessment required by subsection (a) and the 
        technical basis of conclusions reached in conducting that 
        assessment.
            ``(D) Any other comments of the Commanders.
    ``(2) The Council shall submit to the Secretary of Defense the 
report required by paragraph (1) and any comments of the Council on the 
report.
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees the report required by paragraph (1), any comments 
of the Council on the report under paragraph (2), and any comments of 
the Secretary on the report.
    ``(d) Termination.--This section shall terminate on the date that 
is 10 years after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 24 of 
such title is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
498 the following new item:

``499. Annual assessment of cyber resiliency of nuclear command and 
                            control system.''.

SEC. 1625. STRATEGIC CYBERSECURITY PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a program 
to be known as the ``Strategic Cybersecurity Program'' or ``SCP'' (in 
this section referred to as the ``Program'').
    (b) Elements.--The Program shall be comprised of personnel assigned 
to the Program by the Secretary from among personnel, including regular 
and reserve members of the Armed Forces, civilian employees of the 
Department, and personnel of the research laboratories of the 
Department of Defense and the Department of Energy, who have particular 
expertise in the responsibility to be discharged by the Program. Any 
personnel assigned to the Program from among personnel of the 
Department of Energy shall be so assigned with the concurrence of the 
Secretary of Energy.
    (c) Responsibility.--
            (1) In general.--The responsibility of the Program shall be 
        to carry out activities (commonly referred to as ``red-
        teaming'') to continuously assess the information assurance and 
        improve the overall effectiveness of the following of the 
        United States Government:
                    (A) Offensive cyber systems.
                    (B) Long-range strike systems.
                    (C) Nuclear deterrent systems.
                    (D) National security systems.
                    (E) Critical infrastructure of the Department of 
                Defense (as that term is defined in section 1650(f)(1) 
                of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
                Year 2017 (Public Law 114-329)).
            (2) Scope of responsibility.--In carrying out its 
        activities, the Program shall carry out appropriate reviews of 
        current systems and infrastructure and acquisition plans for 
        proposed systems and infrastructure. The review of an 
        acquisition plan for any proposed system or infrastructure 
        shall be carried out before Milestone B approval for such 
        system or infrastructure.
            (3) Results of reviews.--The results of each review carried 
        out by the Program pursuant to paragraph (2), including any 
        remedial action recommended by the Program pursuant to such 
        review, shall be made available to any agencies or 
        organizations of the Department involved in the development, 
        procurement, operation, or maintenance of the system or 
        infrastructure concerned.
    (d) Reports.--The Director of the National Security Agency shall 
submit to the Secretary of Defense and the congressional defense 
committees on a quarterly basis a report on the activities of the 
Program during the preceding calendar quarter. Each report shall 
include the following:
            (1) A description of the activities of the Program during 
        the calendar quarter covered by such report.
            (2) A description of particular challenges encountered in 
        the course of the activities of the Program during such 
        calendar quarter, and of actions taken to address such 
        challenges.
            (3) A description of the current plans of the Program for 
        additional activities.
    (e) Funding.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2018 for operation and maintenance, Defense-wide, by 
section 301 and available for the Information Systems Security Program 
as specified in the funding table in section 4301, up to $100,000,000 
may be available for the Strategic Cybersecurity Program and its 
activities in fiscal year 2018.
    (f) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
activities conducted under the Program should address the most critical 
systems of the Department of Defense and should supplement, not 
supplant, the Cyber Protection Teams of the Department of Defense.

SEC. 1626. EVALUATION OF AGILE ACQUISITION OF CYBER TOOLS AND 
              APPLICATIONS.

    (a) Evaluation Required.--The Commander of the United States Cyber 
Command shall conduct an evaluation of alternative methods for 
developing, acquiring, and maintaining software-based cyber tools and 
applications for the United States Cyber Command, the Army Cyber 
Command, the Fleet Cyber Command, the Air Forces Cyber Command, and the 
Marine Corps Cyberspace Command.
    (b) Goal.--The goal of the evaluation required by subsection (a) is 
to identify a set of practices that will--
            (1) increase the speed of development of cyber capabilities 
        of the Armed Forces;
            (2) provide more effective tools and capabilities for 
        developing, acquiring, and maintaining cyber tools and 
        applications; and
            (3) create a repeatable, disciplined process for 
        developing, acquiring, and maintaining cyber tools and 
        applications whereby progress and success or failure can be 
        continuously measured.
    (c) Consideration of Agile Software Development, Agile Acquisition, 
and Other Best Practices.--
            (1) In general.--The evaluation required by subsection (a) 
        shall include consideration of agile software development, 
        agile acquisition, and such other similar best practices of 
        commercial industry.
            (2) Considerations.--In carrying out the evaluation 
        required by subsection (a), the Commander shall assess 
        requirements for implementing the practices described in 
        paragraph (1), consider changes that would be necessary to 
        established acquisition practices, including the following:
                    (A) The requirements process.
                    (B) Contracting.
                    (C) Testing.
                    (D) User involvement in the development process.
                    (E) Program management.
                    (F) Milestone reviews and approvals.
                    (G) The definitions of ``research and 
                development'', ``procurement'', and ``sustainment''.
                    (H) The constraints of current appropriations 
                account definitions.
    (d) Assessment of Training and Education Requirements.--In carrying 
out the evaluation required by subsection (a), the Commander shall 
assess training and education requirements for personnel in all areas 
and at all levels of management relevant to the successful adoption of 
new acquisition models and methods for developing, acquiring, and 
maintaining cyber tools and applications as described in such 
subsection.
    (e) Services and Expertise.--In conducting the evaluation required 
by subsection (a), the Commander shall--
            (1) obtain services and expertise from--
                    (A) the Defense Digital Service; and
                    (B) federally funded research and development 
                centers, such as the Software Engineering Institute and 
                the MITRE Corporation; and
            (2) consult with such commercial software companies as the 
        Commander considers appropriate to learn about commercial best 
        practices.
    (f) Recommendations.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Commander shall submit to the 
        Secretary of Defense recommendations for experimenting with or 
        adopting new acquisition methods, including all aspects of 
        implementation necessary for the success of the recommended 
        methods.
            (2) Congressional briefing.--Not later than 14 days after 
        submitting recommendations to the Secretary under paragraph 
        (1), the Commander shall brief the congressional defense 
        committees on the recommendations the Commander submitted under 
        paragraph (1).
    (g) Preservation of Existing Authority.--The evaluation required 
under subsection (a) is intended to inform future acquisition 
approaches. Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit or 
impede the exercising of the acquisition authority of the Commander of 
United States Cyber Command under section 807 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 
2224 note).
    (h) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``agile acquisition'' means acquisition 
        pursuant to a methodology for delivering multiple, rapid, 
        incremental capabilities to the user for operational use, 
        evaluation, and feedback. The incremental development and 
        fielding of capabilities, commonly called ``spirals'', 
        ``spins'', or ``sprints'', can be measured in a few weeks or 
        months, and involve continuous participation and collaboration 
        by users, testers, and requirements authorities.
            (2) The term ``agile development'' means development 
        pursuant to a set of software development methodologies based 
        on iterative development, in which requirements and solutions 
        evolve through collaboration between self-organizing cross-
        functional teams.

SEC. 1627. REPORT ON COST IMPLICATIONS OF TERMINATING DUAL-HAT 
              ARRANGEMENT FOR COMMANDER OF UNITED STATES CYBER COMMAND.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Commander of the United States Cyber Command shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report that identifies the costs 
that would be implicated by meeting the conditions set forth in section 
1642(b)(2)(C) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2017 (Public Law 114-328).

SEC. 1628. MODIFICATION OF INFORMATION ASSURANCE SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM.

    (a) Designation of Program.--Section 2200a of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(h) Designation of Program.--A program under which the Secretary 
provides financial assistance under subsection (a) shall be known as 
the `Department of Defense Cybersecurity Scholarship Program'.''.
    (b) Allocation of Funding.--Subsection (f) of such section is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``Not less''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) Not less than five percent of the amount available for 
financial assistance under this section for a fiscal year shall be 
available for providing financial assistance for the pursuit of an 
associate degree.''.
    (c) Reinvigoration Plan Required.--Not later than September 30, 
2018, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a plan for reinvigorating the Department of Defense 
Cyber Scholarship Program authorized under section 2200a of such title, 
as amended by subsections (a) and (b).

SEC. 1629. MEASURING COMPLIANCE OF COMPONENTS OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              WITH CYBERSECURITY REQUIREMENTS FOR SECURING INDUSTRIAL 
              CONTROL SYSTEMS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall make such changes 
to the scorecard as are necessary to ensure that the Secretary measures 
each component of the Department of Defense in its progress towards 
securing the industrial control systems of the Department against cyber 
threats, including supervisory control and data acquisition systems 
(SCADA), distributed control systems (DCS), programmable logic 
controllers (PLC), and platform information technology (PIT).
    (b) Scorecard Defined.--In this section, the term ``scorecard'' 
means the Department of Defense Cyber Scorecard for the measuring of 
the performance of components of the Department against basic 
cybersecurity requirements as outlined in the Department of Defense 
Cybersecurity Discipline Implementation Plan.

SEC. 1630. EXERCISE ON ASSESSING CYBERSECURITY SUPPORT TO ELECTION 
              SYSTEMS OF STATES.

    (a) Inclusion of Cyber Vulnerabilities in Election Systems in Cyber 
Guard Exercises.--The Secretary of Defense shall incorporate the 
cybersecurity of elections systems of the States as a component of the 
Cyber Guard Exercise.
    (b) Report on Best Practices.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
capabilities, readiness, and best practices of the National Guard to 
assist the Governors, if called upon, to defend elections systems from 
cyberattacks.

SEC. 1630A. REPORT ON VARIOUS APPROACHES TO CYBER DETERRENCE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on various approaches to 
cyber deterrence.
    (b) Contents.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) Identification, definition, and explanation of the 
        various theoretical approaches to cyber deterrence.
            (2) An assessment of the relative strengths and weaknesses 
        of each of such approaches relative to the threat and relative 
        to one another.
            (3) A recommendation for a cyber deterrence theory and 
        doctrine for the Armed Forces.
            (4) An alternative analysis or dissenting view of the 
        recommendation included under paragraph (3) that explains the 
        weaknesses of the recommended theory and doctrine and offers an 
        alternative theory or doctrine.
    (c) Consultation.--In preparing the report required by subsection 
(a), the Secretary shall consult with experts from the Government, 
industry, and academia.

SEC. 1630B. PROHIBITION ON USE OF SOFTWARE PLATFORMS DEVELOPED BY 
              KASPERSKY LAB.

    (a) Prohibition.--No department, agency, organization, or other 
element of the Department of Defense may use, whether directly or 
through work with or on behalf of another organization or element of 
the Department or another department or agency of the United States 
Government, any software platform developed, in whole or in part, by 
Kaspersky Lab or any entity of which Kaspersky Lab has a majority 
ownership.
    (b) Severance of Network Connections.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall ensure that any network connection between a department, agency, 
organization, or other element of the Department of Defense and a 
department or agency of the United States Government that is using or 
hosting on its networks a software platform described in subsection (a) 
is immediately severed.
    (c) Effective Date.--This section shall take effect on October 1, 
2018.

                       Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces

SEC. 1631. COLLECTION, STORAGE, AND SHARING OF DATA RELATING TO NUCLEAR 
              SECURITY ENTERPRISE.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 24 of title 10, United States Code, as 
amended by section 1624, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:
``Sec. 499a. Collection, storage, and sharing of data relating to 
              nuclear security enterprise
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation, and the 
Administrator for Nuclear Security, acting through the Director for 
Cost Estimating and Program Evaluation, shall jointly collect and store 
cost, programmatic, and technical data relating to programs and 
projects of the nuclear security enterprise.
    ``(b) Sharing of Data.--If the Director of Cost Assessment and 
Program Evaluation or the Director for Cost Estimating and Program 
Evaluation requests data relating to programs or projects from any 
element of the Department of Defense or from any element of the nuclear 
security enterprise of the National Nuclear Security Administration, 
that element shall provide that data in a timely manner.
    ``(c) Storage of Data.--
            ``(1) In general.--Data collected by the Director of Cost 
        Assessment and Program Evaluation and the Director for Cost 
        Estimating and Program Evaluation under this section shall be--
                    ``(A) stored in the data storage system of the 
                Defense Cost and Resource Center or in a data storage 
                system of the National Nuclear Security Administration 
                that is equivalent to the data storage system of the 
                Defense Cost and Resource Center; and
                    ``(B) made accessible to other Federal agencies as 
                such Directors consider appropriate.
            ``(2) Availability of resources.--The Secretary and the 
        Administrator shall ensure that the Director of Cost Assessment 
        and Program Evaluation and the Director for Cost Estimating and 
        Program Evaluation have sufficient information system support, 
        as determined by such Directors, to facilitate the timely 
        hosting, handling, and sharing of data relating to programs and 
        projects of the nuclear security enterprise under this section 
        at the appropriate level of classification.
            ``(3) Coordination with office of naval reactors.--The 
        Deputy Administrator for Naval Reactors of the National Nuclear 
        Security Administration shall coordinate with the Director of 
        Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation and the Director for 
        Cost Estimating and Program Evaluation to ensure that data 
        relating to programs and projects of the Office of Naval 
        Reactors are correctly represented in the data storage system 
        of the Defense Cost and Resource Center and the data storage 
        system of the National Nuclear Security Administration 
        described in paragraph (1)(A).
    ``(d) Contract Requirements.--The Secretary and the Administrator 
shall ensure that any contract relating to a program or project of the 
nuclear security enterprise that is entered into on or after the date 
of the enactment of this section includes--
            ``(1) requirements and standards for data collection; and
            ``(2) requirements for reporting on cost, programmatic, and 
        technical data using procedures, standards, and formats 
        approved by the Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
        Evaluation and the Director for Cost Estimating and Program 
        Evaluation.
    ``(e) Nuclear Security Enterprise Defined.--In this section, the 
term `nuclear security enterprise' has the meaning given that term in 
section 4002 of the Atomic Energy Defense Act (50 U.S.C. 2501).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 24 of 
such title is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
499, as added by section 1624, the following new item:

``499a. Collection, storage, and sharing of data relating to nuclear 
                            security enterprise.''.

SEC. 1632. ESTABLISHMENT OF PROCEDURES FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF NUCLEAR 
              ENTERPRISE REVIEW.

    (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue a final 
Department of Defense Instruction establishing procedures for the long-
term implementation of the recommendations contained in the Independent 
Review of the Department of Defense Nuclear Enterprise, dated June 2, 
2014.
    (b) Submission to Congress.--The Secretary shall submit the final 
instruction required by subsection (a) to the congressional defense 
committees not later than 30 days after issuing the instruction.
    (c) Review by Government Accountability Office.--Not later than 90 
days after the Secretary issues the final instruction required by 
subsection (a), the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report reviewing the 
instruction for its consistency with the recommendations contained in 
the report of the Government Accountability Office entitled, ``Defense 
Nuclear Enterprise: DOD has Established Processes for Implementing and 
Tracking Recommendations to Improve Leadership Morale and Operations'', 
dated July 14, 2016 (GAO-16-957R).

SEC. 1633. PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN PARTS OF INTERCONTINENTAL 
              BALLISTIC MISSILES.

    (a) Availability of Funds.--Notwithstanding section 1502(a) of 
title 31, United States Code, of the amount authorized to be 
appropriated for fiscal year 2018 by section 101 and available for 
Missile Procurement, Air Force, as specified in the funding table in 
section 4101, $6,334,000 shall be available for the procurement of 
covered parts pursuant to contracts entered into under section 1645(a) 
of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 
3651).
    (b) Covered Parts Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
parts'' means commercially available off-the-shelf items as defined in 
section 104 of title 41, United States Code.

SEC. 1634. EXECUTION AND PROGRAMMATIC OVERSIGHT OF NUCLEAR COMMAND, 
              CONTROL, AND COMMUNICATIONS PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Chief Information Officer of the Department 
of Defense, as Executive Secretary of the Council on Oversight of the 
National Leadership Command, Control, and Communications System 
established under section 171a of title 10, United States Code (or a 
successor to the Chief Information Officer assigned responsibility for 
policy, oversight, guidance, and coordination for nuclear command and 
control systems), shall, in coordination with the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, develop a database relating to 
the execution of all nuclear command, control, and communications 
acquisition programs of the Department of Defense with an approved 
Materiel Development Decision. The database shall be updated not less 
frequently than annually and upon completion of a major program element 
of such a program.
    (b) Database Elements.--The database required by subsection (a) 
shall include, at a minimum, the following elements for each program 
described in that subsection, consistent with Department of Defense 
Instruction 5000.02:
            (1) Projected dates for Milestones A, B and C, including 
        cost thresholds and objectives for major elements of life cycle 
        cost.
            (2) Projected dates for program design reviews and critical 
        design reviews.
            (3) Projected dates for developmental and operation tests.
            (4) Projected dates for initial operational capability and 
        final operational capability.
            (5) An acquisition program baseline.
            (6) Program acquisition unit cost and average procurement 
        unit cost.
            (7) Contract type.
            (8) Key performance parameters.
            (9) Key system attributes.
            (10) A risk register.
            (11) Technology readiness levels.
            (12) Manufacturing readiness levels.
            (13) Integration readiness levels.
            (14) Any other critical elements that affect the stability 
        of the program.
    (c) Briefings.--The co-chairs of the Council on Oversight of the 
National Leadership Command, Control, and Communications System shall 
brief the congressional defense committees on the status of the 
database required by subsection (a)--
            (1) not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
        of this Act; and
            (2) upon completion of the database.

SEC. 1635. MEASURES IN RESPONSE TO NONCOMPLIANCE OF THE RUSSIAN 
              FEDERATION WITH ITS OBLIGATIONS UNDER THE INF TREATY.

    (a) Statement of United States Policy.--It is the policy of the 
United States that, for so long as the Russian Federation remains in 
noncompliance with the INF Treaty, the United States should take 
actions to bring the Russian Federation back into compliance, 
including--
            (1) providing additional funds for the activities and 
        systems identified in section 1243(d) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 
        Stat. 1062); and
            (2) the establishment of a research and development program 
        for a dual-capable road-mobile ground-launched missile system 
        with a maximum range of 5,500 kilometers.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the cost and schedule for, 
and feasibility of, modifying United States missile systems in 
existence as of such date of enactment for ground launch with a range 
of between 500 and 5,500 kilometers, including the Tomahawk Cruise 
Missile, the Standard Missile-3, the Standard Missile-6, the Long-Range 
Stand-Off Cruise Missile, and the Army Tactical Missile System, as 
compared with the cost and schedule for, and feasibility of, developing 
a new ground-launched missile using new technology with the same range.
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--None of the funds authorized 
to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal 
year 2018 for a research and development program for a dual-capable 
road-mobile ground-launched missile system with a maximum range of 
5,500 kilometers may be obligated or expended until the report required 
by subsection (b) is received by the congressional defense committees.
    (d) INF Treaty Defined.--In this section, the term ``INF Treaty'' 
means the Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of 
Soviet Socialist Republics on the Elimination of their Intermediate-
Range and Shorter-Range Missiles, signed at Washington December 8, 
1987, and entered into force June 1, 1988.

SEC. 1636. CERTIFICATION THAT THE NUCLEAR POSTURE REVIEW ADDRESSES 
              DETERRENT EFFECT AND OPERATION OF UNITED STATES NUCLEAR 
              FORCES IN CURRENT AND FUTURE SECURITY ENVIRONMENTS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that, between the publication of the 
Nuclear Posture Review in 2010 and the date of the enactment of this 
Act--
            (1) North Korea has--
                    (A) conducted at least three nuclear tests;
                    (B) tested missiles that may be capable of reaching 
                United States territory in the Pacific Ocean; and
                    (C) continued to develop a missile that could 
                strike targets in the United States homeland;
            (2) the Russian Federation has--
                    (A) not complied with either the spirit or the 
                letter of bilateral treaties with the United States 
                related to nuclear weapons;
                    (B) continued to expand and diversify its arsenal 
                of non-strategic nuclear weapons;
                    (C) threatened to add allies of the United States 
                hosting missile defense shields to its list of nuclear 
                targets; and
                    (D) demonstrated willful disregard for the 
                sovereign territory of a neighboring country;
            (3) Iran has--
                    (A) according to the International Atomic Energy 
                Agency, exceeded limits on sensitive materials under 
                the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, agreed to at 
                Vienna on July 14, 2015, by Iran and by the People's 
                Republic of China, France, Germany, the Russian 
                Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States; 
                and
                    (B) continued to advance a ballistic missile 
                program that has been condemned by the United Nations;
            (4) the People's Republic of China has--
                    (A) built up military outposts on artificial 
                islands in the South China Sea;
                    (B) mass-produced missiles capable of striking 
                United States aircraft carriers and military 
                installations in the Pacific;
                    (C) expanded its delivery systems to include 
                ballistic missile submarines, which can hold the United 
                States homeland at risk and potentially can destabilize 
                the strategic stability of Southeast Asia; and
                    (D) continued to test anti-satellite weapons, 
                according to the Department of State; and
            (5) advances in technology and capabilities related to the 
        cyber domain, applications of artificial intelligence, and 
        space have further complicated the delicate balance of 
        deterrence that has been in place since the Cold War.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) given the developments in the international security 
        environment described in subsection (a), it is critical to the 
        national security of the United States to maintain a nuclear 
        force that is effective for both deterrence of adversaries and 
        assurance of allies of the United States;
            (2) an effective force for deterrence and assurance should 
        be flexible, in order to respond to different contingencies, as 
        well as resilient, to operate as planned under stress; and
            (3) in order to do so, the United States should continue to 
        pursue the timely modernization of all three legs of the 
        nuclear triad, the Long-Range Stand-Off weapon, tactical 
        nuclear capabilities, and nuclear command and control systems, 
        as well as weapons and infrastructure maintained by the 
        National Nuclear Security Administration.
    (c) Certification Required.--Not later than 30 days after 
completing the first Nuclear Posture Review after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a certification that the Nuclear 
Posture Review accounts for--
            (1) with respect to the nuclear capabilities of the United 
        States as of such date of enactment--
                    (A) the ability of such capabilities to deter 
                adversaries of the United States that possess nuclear 
                weapons or may possess such weapons in the future;
                    (B) the ability of the United States to operate in 
                a major regional conflict that involves nuclear 
                weapons;
                    (C) the ability and preparedness of forward-
                deployed members of the Armed Forces to operate in a 
                nuclear environment; and
                    (D) weapons, equipment, and training or conduct 
                that would improve the abilities described in 
                subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C);
            (2) with respect to the nuclear capabilities of the United 
        States projected over the 10-year period beginning on such date 
        of enactment--
                    (A) the projected ability of such capabilities to 
                deter adversaries of the United States that possess 
                nuclear weapons or may possess such weapons in the 
                future;
                    (B) the projected ability of the United States to 
                operate in a major regional conflict that involves 
                nuclear weapons;
                    (C) the projected ability and preparedness of 
                forward-deployed members of the Armed Forces to operate 
                in a nuclear environment; and
                    (D) weapons, equipment, and training or conduct 
                that would improve the abilities described in 
                subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C); and
            (3) any actions that could be taken by the Secretary of 
        Defense or the Administrator for Nuclear Security in the near 
        and medium terms to decrease the risk posed by possible 
        additional changes to the security environment related to 
        nuclear weapons in the future.
    (d) Form of Certification.--The certification required by 
subsection (c) may be submitted to the congressional defense committees 
in classified form.

SEC. 1637. PLAN TO MANAGE INTEGRATED TACTICAL WARNING AND ATTACK 
              ASSESSMENT SYSTEM AND MULTI-DOMAIN SENSORS.

    (a) Plan Required.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall develop a 
plan to manage the Air Force missile warning elements of the Integrated 
Tactical Warning and Attack Assessment System as a weapon system 
consistent with Air Force Policy Directive 10-9, entitled ``Lead 
Command Designation and Responsibilities for Weapon Systems'' and dated 
March 8, 2007.
    (b) Multi-domain Sensor Management and Exploitation.--
            (1) In general.--The plan required by subsection (a) shall 
        include a long-term plan to manage all available sensors for 
        multi-domain exploitation against modern and emergent threats 
        in order to provide comprehensive support for integrated 
        tactical warning and attack assessment, missile defense, and 
        space situational awareness.
            (2) Coordination with other agencies.--In developing the 
        plan required by paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                    (A) coordinate with the Secretary of the Army, the 
                Secretary of the Navy, the Director of the Missile 
                Defense Agency, and the Director of the National 
                Reconnaissance Office; and
                    (B) solicit comments on the plan, if any, from the 
                Commander of the United States Strategic Command and 
                the Commander of the United States Northern Command.
    (c) Submission to Congress.--Not later than 14 months after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees--
            (1) the plan required by subsection (a); and
            (2) the comments from the Commander of the United States 
        Strategic Command and the Commander of the United States 
        Northern Command, if any, on the plan required by subsection 
        (b)(1).

SEC. 1638. CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENT WITH RESPECT TO STRATEGIC 
              RADIATION HARDENED TRUSTED FOUNDRY.

    Not later than December 31, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a certification that a 
strategic radiation hardened trusted foundry, consistent with 
Department of Defense Instruction 5200.44, is operational and capable 
of supplying necessary microelectronic components for necessary 
radiation environments involved with the acquisition of delivery 
systems for nuclear weapons.

SEC. 1639. REQUIREMENTS FOR NUCLEAR POSTURE REVIEW.

    (a) Incorporation of Stakeholder Views.--In preparing the Nuclear 
Posture Review, the Secretary of Defense shall fully incorporate input 
and views from all relevant stakeholders in the United States 
Government, including the Secretary of Energy, the Secretary of State, 
the Administrator for Nuclear Security, and the heads of components of 
the Department of State, the Department of Energy, and the National 
Nuclear Security Administration with responsibility for negotiating and 
verifying compliance with international arms control initiatives.
    (b) Availability.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that--
            (1) the Nuclear Posture Review is submitted, in its 
        entirety, to the President and the congressional defense 
        committees; and
            (2) an unclassified version of the Nuclear Posture Review 
        is made available to the public.

SEC. 1640. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON NUCLEAR POSTURE REVIEW.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Nuclear Posture Review 
should--
            (1) take into account the obligations of the United States 
        under treaties ratified by and with the advice and consent of 
        the Senate; and
            (2) examine the tools required to sustain the stockpile 
        stewardship program under section 4201 of the Atomic Energy 
        Defense Act (50 U.S.C. 2521) in the future to ensure the 
        safety, security, and effectiveness of the nuclear arsenal of 
        the United States.

                  Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs

SEC. 1651. IRON DOME SHORT-RANGE ROCKET DEFENSE SYSTEM AND ISRAELI 
              COOPERATIVE MISSILE DEFENSE PROGRAM CO-DEVELOPMENT AND 
              CO-PRODUCTION.

    (a) Iron Dome Short-range Rocket Defense System.--
            (1) Availability of funds.--Of the funds authorized to be 
        appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal 
        year 2018 for procurement, Defense-wide, and available for the 
        Missile Defense Agency, not more than $92,000,000 may be 
        provided to the Government of Israel to procure Tamir 
        interceptors for the Iron Dome short-range rocket defense 
        system through co-production of such interceptors in the United 
        States by industry of the United States.
            (2) Conditions.--
                    (A) Agreement.--Funds described in paragraph (1) 
                for the Iron Dome short-range rocket defense program 
                shall be available subject to the terms and conditions 
                in the Agreement Between the Department of Defense of 
                the United States of America and the Ministry of 
                Defense of the State of Israel Concerning Iron Dome 
                Defense System Procurement, signed on March 5, 2014, as 
                amended to include co-production for Tamir 
                interceptors. In negotiations by the Missile Defense 
                Agency and the Missile Defense Organization of the 
                Government of Israel regarding such production, the 
                goal of the United States is to maximize opportunities 
                for co-production of the Tamir interceptors described 
                in paragraph (1) in the United States by industry of 
                the United States.
                    (B) Certification.--Not later than 30 days prior to 
                the initial obligation of funds described in paragraph 
                (1), the Director of the Missile Defense Agency and the 
                Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
                Sustainment shall jointly submit to the appropriate 
                congressional committees--
                            (i) a certification that the amended 
                        bilateral international agreement specified in 
                        subparagraph (A) is being implemented as 
                        provided in such agreement; and
                            (ii) an assessment detailing any risks 
                        relating to the implementation of such 
                        agreement.
    (b) Israeli Cooperative Missile Defense Program, David's Sling 
Weapon System Co-production.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), of the funds 
        authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 for 
        procurement, Defense-wide, and available for the Missile 
        Defense Agency not more than $120,000,000 may be provided to 
        the Government of Israel to procure the David's Sling Weapon 
        System, including for co-production of parts and components in 
        the United States by United States industry.
            (2) Certification.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a certification that--
                    (A) the Government of Israel has demonstrated the 
                successful completion of the knowledge points, 
                technical milestones, and production readiness reviews 
                required by the research, development, and technology 
                agreement and the bilateral co-production agreement for 
                the David's Sling Weapon System;
                    (B) funds specified in paragraph (1) will be 
                provided on the basis of a one-for-one cash match made 
                by Israel or in another matching amount that otherwise 
                meets best efforts (as mutually agreed to by the United 
                States and Israel); and
                    (C) the level of co-production of parts, 
                components, and all-up rounds (if appropriate) in the 
                United States by United States industry for the David's 
                Sling Weapon System is not less than 50 percent.
    (c) Israeli Cooperative Missile Defense Program, Arrow 3 Upper Tier 
Interceptor Program Co-production.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), of the 
        funds authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 for 
        procurement, Defense-wide, and available for the Missile 
        Defense Agency not more than $120,000,000 may be provided to 
        the Government of Israel for the Arrow 3 Upper Tier Interceptor 
        Program, including for co-production of parts and components in 
        the United States by United States industry.
            (2) Limitation on funding.--None of the funds authorized to 
        be appropriated in paragraph (1) may be obligated or expended 
        until 30 days after the successful completion of two flight 
        tests at a test range in the United States to validate Arrow 
        Weapon System capabilities and interoperability with ballistic 
        missile system components of the United States.
            (3) Certification.--
                    (A) Criteria.--Except as provided by paragraph (4), 
                the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
                Sustainment shall submit to the appropriate 
                congressional committees a certification that--
                            (i) the Government of Israel has 
                        demonstrated the successful completion of the 
                        knowledge points, technical milestones, and 
                        production readiness reviews required by the 
                        research, development, and technology 
                        agreements for the Arrow 3 Upper Tier 
                        Development Program;
                            (ii) funds specified in paragraph (1) will 
                        be provided on the basis of a one-for-one cash 
                        match made by Israel or in another matching 
                        amount that otherwise meets best efforts (as 
                        mutually agreed to by the United States and 
                        Israel);
                            (iii) the United States has entered into a 
                        bilateral international agreement with Israel 
                        that establishes, with respect to the use of 
                        such funds--
                                    (I) in accordance with clause (iv), 
                                the terms of co-production of parts and 
                                components on the basis of the greatest 
                                practicable co-production of parts, 
                                components, and all-up rounds (if 
                                appropriate) by United States industry 
                                and minimizes nonrecurring engineering 
                                and facilitization expenses to the 
                                costs needed for co-production;
                                    (II) complete transparency on the 
                                requirement of Israel for the number of 
                                interceptors and batteries that will be 
                                procured, including with respect to the 
                                procurement plans, acquisition 
                                strategy, and funding profiles of 
                                Israel;
                                    (III) technical milestones for co-
                                production of parts and components and 
                                procurement;
                                    (IV) a joint affordability working 
                                group to consider cost reduction 
                                initiatives; and
                                    (V) joint approval processes for 
                                third-party sales; and
                            (iv) the level of co-production described 
                        in clause (iii)(I) for the Arrow 3 Upper Tier 
                        Interceptor Program is not less than 50 
                        percent.
            (4) Waiver.--The Under Secretary may waive the 
        certification required by paragraph (3) if the Under Secretary 
        certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that the 
        Under Secretary has received sufficient data from the 
        Government of Israel to demonstrate--
                    (A) the funds specified in paragraph (1) are 
                provided to Israel solely for funding the procurement 
                of long-lead components and critical hardware in 
                accordance with a production plan, including a funding 
                profile detailing Israeli contributions for production, 
                including long-lead production, of the Arrow 3 Upper 
                Tier Interceptor Program;
                    (B) such long-lead components have successfully 
                completed knowledge points, technical milestones, and 
                production readiness reviews; and
                    (C) the long-lead procurement will be conducted in 
                a manner that maximizes co-production in the United 
                States without incurring nonrecurring engineering 
                activity or cost other than such activity or cost 
                required for suppliers of the United States to start or 
                restart production in the United States.
    (d) Number.--In carrying out paragraph (2) of subsection (b) and 
paragraph (3) of subsection (c), the Under Secretary may submit--
            (1) one certification covering both the David's Sling 
        Weapon System and the Arrow 3 Upper Tier Interceptor Program; 
        or
            (2) separate certifications for each respective system.
    (e) Timing.--The Under Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees the certifications under paragraph (2) of subsection 
(b) and paragraph (3) of subsection (c) by not later than 60 days 
before the funds specified in paragraph (1) of subsections (b) and (c) 
for the respective system covered by the certification are provided to 
the Government of Israel.
    (f) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the following:
            (1) The congressional defense committees.
            (2) The Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and 
        the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives.

SEC. 1652. DEVELOPMENT OF PERSISTENT SPACE-BASED SENSOR ARCHITECTURE.

    (a) In General.--Unless otherwise directed or recommended by the 
Ballistic Missile Defense Review (BMDR), the Director of the Missile 
Defense Agency shall develop, using sound acquisition practices, a 
highly reliable and cost-effective persistent space-based sensor 
architecture capable of supporting the ballistic missile defense 
system.
    (b) Testing and Deployment.--The Director shall ensure that the 
sensor architecture developed under subsection (a) is rigorously tested 
before final production decisions or operational deployment.
    (c) Functions.--The sensor architecture developed under subsection 
(a) shall include one or more of the following functions:
            (1) Control of increased raid sizes.
            (2) Precision tracking of threat missiles.
            (3) Fire-control-quality tracks of evolving threat 
        missiles.
            (4) Enabling of launch-on-remote and engage-on-remote 
        capabilities.
            (5) Discrimination of warheads.
            (6) Effective kill assessment.
            (7) Enhanced shot doctrine.
            (8) Integration with the command, control, battle 
        management, and communication program of the ballistic missile 
        defense system.
            (9) Integration with all other elements of the current 
        ballistic missile defense system, including the Terminal High 
        Altitude Area Defense, Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense, Aegis 
        Ashore, and Patriot Air and Missile Defense Systems.
            (10) Such additional functions as determined by the 
        Ballistic Missile Defense Review.
    (d) Cost Estimates.--Whenever the Director develops a cost estimate 
for the sensor architecture required by subsection (a), the Director 
shall use--
            (1) the cost-estimating and assessment guide of the 
        Government Accountability Office entitled ``GAO Cost Estimating 
        and Assessment Guide'' (GAO-09-3SP), or a successor guide; or
            (2) the most current operating and support cost-estimating 
        guide of the Office of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation 
        (CAPE).

SEC. 1653. GROUND-BASED INTERCEPTOR CAPACITY AND FORT GREELY MISSILE 
              FIELD INFRASTRUCTURE REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Sense of the Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate that it is 
the policy of the United States to maintain and improve, with the 
allies of the United States, an effective, robust layered missile 
defense system capable of defending the citizens of the United States 
residing in territories and States of the United States, allies of the 
United States, and deployed Armed Forces of the United States.
    (b) Increase in Capacity.--The Secretary of Defense shall, subject 
to the annual authorization of appropriations and the annual 
appropriation of funds for National Missile Defense, increase the 
number of United States ground-based interceptors, unless otherwise 
directed by the Ballistic Missile Defense Review, by up to 28.
    (c) Deployment.--Not later than December 31, 2021, the Secretary of 
Defense shall--
            (1) execute any requisite construction to ensure that 
        Missile Field 1 or Missile Field 2 at Fort Greely or 
        alternative missile fields at Fort Greely which may be 
        identified pursuant to subsection (c), are capable of 
        supporting and sustaining additional ground-based interceptors;
            (2) deploy up to 14 additional ground-based interceptors to 
        Missile Field 1 or an alternative missile field at Fort Greely 
        as soon as technically feasible; and
            (3) identify a ground-based interceptor stockpile storage 
        site for up to 14 ground-based interceptors.
    (d) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Unless otherwise directed or recommended 
        by the Ballistic Missile Defense Review (BMDR), the Director of 
        the Missile Defense Agency shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees, not later than 90 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, a report on options to increase the 
        capacity of the ground-based midcourse defense element of the 
        ballistic missile defense system and the infrastructure 
        requirements for increasing the number of ground-based 
        interceptors at Fort Greely, Alaska.
            (2) Contents.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) An identification of potential sites in the 
                United States, whether existing or new on the East 
                Coast or in the Midwest, for the deployment of up to 
                100 additional ground-based interceptors.
                    (B) A cost-benefit analysis of each such site, 
                including tactical, operational, and cost-to-construct 
                considerations.
                    (C) A description of any completed and outstanding 
                environmental assessments or impact statements for each 
                such site.
                    (D) A description of the existing capacity of the 
                missile fields at Fort Greely and the infrastructure 
                requirements needed to increase the number of ground-
                based interceptors at Missile Field 1 and Missile Field 
                2 to 20 ground-based interceptors each.
                    (E) A description of the additional infrastructure 
                and components needed to further outfit such missile 
                fields at Fort Greely before emplacing additional 
                ground-based interceptors configured with the 
                redesigned kill vehicle, including with respect to 
                ground excavation, silos, utilities, and support 
                equipment.
                    (F) A cost estimate of such infrastructure and 
                components.
                    (G) An estimated schedule for completing such 
                construction as may be required for such infrastructure 
                and components.
                    (H) An identification of any environmental 
                assessments or impact studies that would need to be 
                conducted to expand such missile fields at Fort Greely 
                beyond current capacity.
                    (I) An operational evaluation and cost analysis of 
                the deployment of transportable ground-based 
                interceptors, including an identification of potential 
                sites, including in the eastern United States and at 
                Vandenberg Air Force Base, and an examination of any 
                environmental, legal, or tactical challenges associated 
                with such deployments, including to any sites 
                identified in subparagraph (A).
                    (J) A determination of the appropriate fleet mix of 
                ground-based interceptor kill vehicles and boosters to 
                maximize overall system effectiveness and increase its 
                capacity and capability, including the costs and 
                benefits of continued inclusion of capability 
                enhancement II (CE-II) Block 1 interceptors after the 
                fielding of the redesigned kill vehicle.
                    (K) A description of the planned improvements to 
                homeland ballistic missile defense sensor and 
                discrimination capabilities and an assessment of the 
                expected operational benefits of such improvements to 
                homeland ballistic missile defense.
                    (L) The benefit of supplementing ground-based 
                midcourse defense elements with other, more 
                distributed, elements, including both Aegis ships and 
                Aegis Ashore installations with Standard Missile-3 
                Block IIA and other interceptors in Hawaii and at other 
                locations for homeland missile defense.
            (3) Form.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) shall 
        be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
        annex.

SEC. 1654. SENSE OF THE SENATE ON THE STATE OF UNITED STATES MISSILE 
              DEFENSE.

    It is the sense of the Senate that--
            (1) the Secretary of Defense should use the Ballistic 
        Missile Defense Review (BMDR) to consider accelerating the 
        development of technologies that will increase the capacity, 
        capability, and reliability of the ground-based midcourse 
        defense element of the ballistic missile defense system;
            (2) upon completion of the Ballistic Missile Defense 
        Review, the Director of the Missile Defense Agency should, to 
        the extent practicable and with sound acquisition practices, 
        accelerate the development, testing, and fielding of such 
        capabilities as they are prioritized in the Ballistic Missile 
        Defense Review, including the redesigned kill vehicle, the 
        multi-object kill vehicle, the C3 booster, a space-based sensor 
        layer, boost phase sensor and kill technologies, and additional 
        ground-based interceptors; and
            (3) in order to achieve these objectives, and to avoid 
        post-production and post-deployment problems, it is essential 
        for the Department of Defense and the Missile Defense Agency to 
        follow a ``fly before you buy'' approach to adequately test and 
        assess the elements of the ballistic missile defense system 
        before final production decisions or operational deployment.

SEC. 1655. SENSE OF THE SENATE AND REPORT ON GROUND-BASED MIDCOURSE 
              DEFENSE TESTING.

    (a) Sense of the Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate that--
            (1) at a minimum, the Missile Defense Agency should 
        continue to flight test the ground-based midcourse defense 
        element at least once each fiscal year;
            (2) the Department of Defense should allocate increased 
        funding to homeland missile defense testing to ensure that our 
        defenses continue to evolve faster than the threats against 
        which they are postured to defend;
            (3) in order to rapidly innovate, develop, and field new 
        technologies, the Director of the Missile Defense Agency should 
        continue to focus testing campaigns on delivering increased 
        capabilities to the Armed Forces as quickly as possible; and
            (4) the Director of the Missile Defense Agency should seek 
        to establish a more prudent balance between risk mitigation and 
        the more rapid testing pace needed to quickly develop and 
        deliver new capabilities to the Armed Forces.
    (b) Report to Congress.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Director of the Missile Defense 
        Agency shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        revised missile defense testing campaign plan that accelerates 
        the development and deployment of new missile defense 
        technologies.
            (2) Contents.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A detailed analysis of the acceleration of each 
                of following programs:
                            (i) Redesigned kill vehicle.
                            (ii) Multi-object kill vehicle.
                            (iii) Configuration-3 Booster.
                            (iv) Lasers mounted on small unmanned 
                        aerial vehicles.
                            (v) Space-based missile defense sensor 
                        architecture.
                            (vi) Such additional technologies as the 
                        Director considers appropriate.
                    (B) A new deployment timeline for each of the 
                programs in listed in subparagraph (A) or a detailed 
                description of why the current timeline for deployment 
                technologies under those programs is most suitable.
                    (C) An identification of any funding or policy 
                restrictions that would slow down the deployment of the 
                technologies under the programs listed in subparagraph 
                (A).
                    (D) A risk assessment of the potential cost-
                overruns and deployment delays that may be encountered 
                in the expedited development process of the 
                capabilities under paragraph (1).
    (c) Report on Funding Profile.--The Director shall include with the 
budget justification materials submitted to Congress in support of the 
budget of the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2019 (as submitted 
with the budget of the President under section 1105(a) of title 31, 
United States Code) a report on the funding profile necessary for the 
new testing campaign plan required by subsection (b)(1).

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

SEC. 2001. SHORT TITLE.

    This division may be cited as the ``Military Construction 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018''.

SEC. 2002. EXPIRATION OF AUTHORIZATIONS AND AMOUNTS REQUIRED TO BE 
              SPECIFIED BY LAW.

    (a) Expiration of Authorizations After Five Years.--Except as 
provided in subsection (b), all authorizations contained in titles XXI 
through XXVII for military construction projects, land acquisition, 
family housing projects and facilities, and contributions to the North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment Program (and 
authorizations of appropriations therefor) shall expire on the later 
of--
            (1) October 1, 2022; or
            (2) the date of the enactment of an Act authorizing funds 
        for military construction for fiscal year 2023.
    (b) Exception.--Subsection (a) shall not apply to authorizations 
for military construction projects, land acquisition, family housing 
projects and facilities, and contributions to the North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization Security Investment Program (and authorizations of 
appropriations therefor), for which appropriated funds have been 
obligated before the later of--
            (1) October 1, 2022; or
            (2) the date of the enactment of an Act authorizing funds 
        for fiscal year 2023 for military construction projects, land 
        acquisition, family housing projects and facilities, or 
        contributions to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
        Security Investment Program.
    (c) Extension of Authorizations of Fiscal Year 2016 and Fiscal Year 
2017 Projects.--
            (1) Fiscal year 2016 projects.--Section 2002 of the 
        Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
        (division B of Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1145) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2018'' 
                        and inserting ``2020''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2019'' 
                        and inserting ``2021''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2018'' 
                        and inserting ``2020''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2019'' 
                        and inserting ``2021''.
            (2) Fiscal year 2017 projects.--Section 2002 of the 
        Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
        (division B of Public Law 114-328; 129 Stat. 1145) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2019'' 
                        and inserting ``2021''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2020'' 
                        and inserting ``2022''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2019'' 
                        and inserting ``2021''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2020'' 
                        and inserting ``2022''.

SEC. 2003. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    Titles XXI through XXVII and title XXIX shall take effect on the 
later of--
            (1) October 1, 2017; or
            (2) the date of the enactment of this Act.

                 TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

SEC. 2101. AUTHORIZED ARMY CONSTRUCTION AND LAND ACQUISITION PROJECTS.

    (a) Inside the United States.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant 
to the authorization of appropriations in section 2103(a) and available 
for military construction projects inside the United States as 
specified in the funding table in section 4601, the Secretary of the 
Army may acquire real property and carry out military construction 
projects for the installations or locations inside the United States, 
and in the amounts, set forth in the following table:

                                         Army: Inside the United States
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    State                                        Installation                         Amount
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama.....................................  Fort Rucker......................................      $38,000,000
Arizona.....................................  Davis-Monthan Air Force Base.....................      $22,000,000
                                              Fort Huachuca....................................      $30,000,000
California..................................  Fort Irwin.......................................       $3,000,000
Colorado....................................  Fort Carson......................................      $29,300,000
Florida.....................................  Eglin Air Force Base.............................      $18,000,000
Georgia.....................................  Fort Benning.....................................      $38,800,000
                                              Fort Gordon......................................      $51,500,000
Hawaii......................................  Pohakuloa Training Area..........................      $25,000,000
Indiana.....................................  Crane Army Ammunition Plant......................      $24,000,000
New York....................................  United States Military Academy...................      $22,000,000
South Carolina..............................  Fort Jackson.....................................      $60,000,000
                                              Shaw Air Force Base..............................      $25,000,000
Texas.......................................  Camp Bullis......................................      $13,600,000
                                              Fort Hood........................................      $70,000,000
Virginia....................................  Joint Base Langley-Eustis........................      $34,000,000
                                              Joint Base Myer-Henderson........................      $20,000,000
Washington..................................  Yakima...........................................      $19,500,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) Outside the United States.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant 
to the authorization of appropriations in section 2103(a) and available 
for military construction projects outside the United States as 
specified in the funding table in section 4601, the Secretary of the 
Army may acquire real property and carry out the military construction 
project for the installations or locations outside the United States, 
and in the amounts, set forth in the following table:

                                         Army: Outside the United States
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Country                                       Installation                        Amount
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Germany.......................................  Stuttgart......................................      $40,000,000
                                                Weisbaden......................................      $43,000,000
Korea.........................................  Kunsan Air Base................................      $53,000,000
Turkey........................................  Various Locations..............................       $6,400,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (c) Certification Requirement for Certain Projects.--The Secretary 
of the Army may not exercise the authority provided under subsection 
(a) with respect to the Fort Rucker, Alabama, or the Fort Benning, 
Georgia, projects set forth in the table under such subsection unless 
the Secretary of Defense, without delegation, certifies to the 
congressional defense committees that such project is essential for 
Army training.

SEC. 2102. FAMILY HOUSING.

    (a) Construction and Acquisition.--Using amounts appropriated 
pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in section 2103(a) and 
available for military family housing functions as specified in the 
funding table in section 4601, the Secretary of the Army may construct 
or acquire family housing units (including land acquisition and 
supporting facilities) at the installations or locations, in the number 
of units, and in the amounts set forth in the following table:

                                              Army: Family Housing
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
             State/Country                 Installation or Location             Units                 Amount
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Georgia................................  Fort Gordon................  Family Housing New              $6,100,000
                                                                       Construction............
Germany................................  South Camp Vilseck.........  Family Housing New             $22,445,000
                                                                       Construction............
Korea..................................  Camp Humphreys.............  Family Housing New             $34,402,000
                                                                       Construction.
Massachusetts                            Natick.....................  Family Housing                 $21,000,000
                                                                       Replacement Construction.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) Planning and Design.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant to 
the authorization of appropriations in section 2103(a) and available 
for military family housing functions as specified in the funding table 
in section 4601, the Secretary of the Army may carry out architectural 
and engineering services and construction design activities with 
respect to the construction or improvement of family housing units in 
an amount not to exceed $33,559,000.

SEC. 2103. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS, ARMY.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated for fiscal years beginning after September 30, 2017, 
for military construction, land acquisition, and military family 
housing functions of the Department of the Army as specified in the 
funding table in section 4601.
    (b) Limitation on Total Cost of Construction Projects.--
Notwithstanding the cost variations authorized by section 2853 of title 
10, United States Code, and any other cost variation authorized by law, 
the total cost of all projects carried out under section 2101 of this 
Act may not exceed the total amount authorized to be appropriated under 
subsection (a), as specified in the funding table in section 4601.

SEC. 2104. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO CARRY OUT CERTAIN FISCAL YEAR 
              2014 PROJECT.

    In the case of the authorization contained in the table in section 
2101(a) of the Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2014 (division B of Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 986) for Joint Base 
Lewis-McChord, Washington, for construction of an airfield operations 
complex, the Secretary of the Army may construct standby generator 
capacity of 1,000 kilowatts.

SEC. 2105. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO CARRY OUT CERTAIN FISCAL YEAR 
              2015 PROJECT.

    In the case of the authorization contained in the table in section 
2101(a) of the Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2015 (division B of Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3670) for Fort 
Shafter, Hawaii, for construction of a command and control facility, 
the Secretary of the Army may construct 15 megawatts of redundant power 
generation for a total project amount of $370,000,000.

SEC. 2106. EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATION OF CERTAIN FISCAL YEAR 2014 
              PROJECT.

    (a) Extension.--Notwithstanding section 2002 of the Military 
Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (division B of 
Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 985), the authorization set forth in the 
table in subsection (b), as provided in section 2101 of that Act (127 
Stat. 986), shall remain in effect until October 1, 2018, or the date 
of the enactment of an Act authorizing funds for military construction 
for fiscal year 2019, whichever is later.
    (b) Table.--The table referred to in subsection (a) is as follows:

                                 Army: Extension of 2014 Project Authorizations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Country                        Location                  Project                    Amount
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Japan..............................  Kyoga-Misaki..........  Company Operations Complex              $33,000,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 2107. EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATIONS OF CERTAIN FISCAL YEAR 2015 
              PROJECTS.

    (a) Extension.--Notwithstanding section 2002 of the Military 
Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (division B of 
Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3669), the authorizations set forth in 
the table in subsection (b), as provided in section 2101 of that Act 
(128 Stat. 3670), shall remain in effect until October 1, 2018, or the 
date of the enactment of an Act authorizing funds for military 
construction for fiscal year 2019, whichever is later.
    (b) Table.--The table referred to in subsection (a) is as follows:

                                 Army: Extension of 2015 Project Authorizations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Installation or
           State/Country                    Location                   Project                    Amount
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
California.........................  Military Ocean          Access Control Point......               $9,900,000
                                      Terminal Concord.
Hawaii.............................  Fort Shafter..........  Command and Control                    $370,000,000
                                                              Facility (SCIF)..........
Japan..............................  Kadena Air Base.......  Missile Magazine..........              $10,600,000
Texas..............................  Fort Hood.............  Simulation Center.........              $46,000,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

SEC. 2201. AUTHORIZED NAVY CONSTRUCTION AND LAND ACQUISITION PROJECTS.

    (a) Inside the United States.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant 
to the authorization of appropriations in section 2204(a) and available 
for military construction projects inside the United States as 
specified in the funding table in section 4601, the Secretary of the 
Navy may acquire real property and carry out military construction 
projects for the installations or locations inside the United States, 
and in the amounts, set forth in the following table:

                                         Navy: Inside the United States
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    State                                  Installation or Location                   Amount
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arizona......................................  Yuma............................................      $36,358,000
California...................................   Barstow........................................      $36,539,000
                                               Camp Pendleton..................................      $61,139,000
                                               Coronado........................................      $36,000,000
                                               Lemoore.........................................      $60,828,000
                                               Miramar.........................................      $87,174,000
                                               San Diego.......................................     $108,000,000
                                               Twentynine Palms................................      $55,099,000
Florida......................................  Mayport.........................................     $194,818,000
Georgia......................................  Albany..........................................      $43,308,000
Hawaii.......................................  Kaneohe Bay.....................................      $45,512,000
                                               Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam..................      $73,200,000
                                               Wahiawa.........................................      $65,864,000
Maine........................................   Kittery........................................      $61,692,000
North Carolina...............................  Camp Lejeune....................................     $168,059,000
                                                Cherry Point Marine Corps Air Station..........      $15,671,000
Virginia.....................................  Dam Neck........................................      $29,262,000
                                               Joint Expeditionary Base Little Creek-Story.....       $2,596,000
                                               Portsmouth......................................      $72,990,000
                                               Quantico........................................      $23,738,000
                                               Yorktown........................................      $36,358,000
Washington...................................  Indian Island...................................      $44,440,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) Outside the United States.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant 
to the authorization of appropriations in section 2204(a) and available 
for military construction projects outside the United States as 
specified in the funding table in section 4601, the Secretary of the 
Navy may acquire real property and carry out military construction 
projects for the installation or location outside the United States, 
and in the amounts, set forth in the following table:

                                         Navy: Outside the United States
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Country                                 Installation or Location                  Amount
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Djibouti......................................  Camp Lemonier...................................     $13,390,000
Greece........................................  Souda Bay.......................................     $22,045,000
Guam..........................................  Joint Region Marianas...........................    $284,679,000
Japan.........................................  Iwakuni.........................................      $21,86,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 2202. FAMILY HOUSING.

    (a) Construction and Acquisition.--Using amounts appropriated 
pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in section 2204(a) and 
available for military family housing functions as specified in the 
funding table in section 4601, the Secretary of the Navy may construct 
or acquire family housing units (including land acquisition and 
supporting facilities) at the installation or location, in the number 
of units, and in the amount set forth in the following table:

                                              Navy: Family Housing
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 State                     Installation or Location             Units                 Amount
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bahrain Island.........................  Southwest Asia.............  Construction On-Base            $2,138,000
                                                                       General and Flag
                                                                       Officers Quarters.......
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) Planning and Design.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant to 
the authorization of appropriations in section 2204(a) and available 
for military family housing functions as specified in the funding table 
in section 4601, the Secretary of the Navy may carry out architectural 
and engineering services and construction design activities with 
respect to the construction or improvement of family housing units in 
an amount not to exceed $4,418,000.

SEC. 2203. IMPROVEMENTS TO MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING UNITS.

    Subject to section 2825 of title 10, United States Code, and using 
amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in 
section 2204(a) and available for military family housing functions as 
specified in the funding table in section 4601, the Secretary of the 
Navy may improve existing military family housing units in an amount 
not to exceed $36,251,000.

SEC. 2204. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS, NAVY.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated for fiscal years beginning after September 30, 2017, 
for military construction, land acquisition, and military family 
housing functions of the Department of the Navy, as specified in the 
funding table in section 4601.
    (b) Limitation on Total Cost of Construction Projects.--
Notwithstanding the cost variations authorized by section 2853 of title 
10, United States Code, and any other cost variation authorized by law, 
the total cost of all projects carried out under section 2201 of this 
Act may not exceed the total amount authorized to be appropriated under 
subsection (a), as specified in the funding table in section 4601.

SEC. 2205. EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATIONS OF CERTAIN FISCAL YEAR 2014 
              PROJECTS.

    (a) Extension.--Notwithstanding section 2002 of the Military 
Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (division B of 
Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 985), the authorizations set forth in the 
table in subsection (b), as provided in section 2201 of that Act (127 
Stat. 989) and extended by section 2207 of the Military Construction 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (division B of Public Law 114-
328; 130 Stat. 2694), shall remain in effect until October 1, 2018, or 
the date of the enactment of an Act authorizing funds for military 
construction for fiscal year 2019, whichever is later.
    (b) Table.--The table referred to in subsection (a) is as follows:

                                 Navy: Extension of 2014 Project Authorizations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 State                    Installation or Location           Project                 Amount
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Illinois..............................  Great Lakes..............  Unaccompanied Housing....        $35,851,000
Nevada.................................  Fallon...................  Wastewater Treatment             $11,334,000
                                                                     Plant...................
Virginia...............................  Quantico.................  Fuller Road Improvements.         $9,013,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 2206. EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATIONS OF CERTAIN FISCAL YEAR 2015 
              PROJECTS.

    (a) Extension.--Notwithstanding section 2002 of the Military 
Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (division B of 
Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3669), the authorizations set forth in 
the table in subsection (b), as provided in section 2201 of that Act 
(128 Stat. 3675), shall remain in effect until October 1, 2018, or the 
date of the enactment of an Act authorizing funds for military 
construction for fiscal year 2019, whichever is later.
    (b) Table.--The table referred to in subsection (a) is as follows:

                                 Navy: Extension of 2015 Project Authorizations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 State                    Installation or Location           Project                 Amount
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 District of Columbia..................  NSA Washington...........  Electronics Science and          $37,882,000
                                                                     Technology Lab..........
Maryland...............................  Indian Head..............  Advanced Energetics              $15,346,000
                                                                     Research Lab Complex
                                                                     Phase 2.................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

SEC. 2301. AUTHORIZED AIR FORCE CONSTRUCTION AND LAND ACQUISITION 
              PROJECTS.

    (a) Inside the United States.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant 
to the authorization of appropriations in section 2304(a) and available 
for military construction projects inside the United States as 
specified in the funding table in section 4601, the Secretary of the 
Air Force may acquire real property and carry out military construction 
projects for the installations or locations inside the United States, 
and in the amounts, set forth in the following table:

                                       Air Force: Inside the United States
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                     State                                 Installation or Location                  Amount
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alaska.........................................  Eielson Air Force Base......................       $168,900,000
Arkansas.......................................  Little Rock Air Force Base..................        $20,000,000
Colorado.......................................  Buckley Air Force Base......................        $38,000,000
                                                 Fort Carson.................................        $13,000,000
                                                 U.S. Air Force Academy......................        $30,000,000
Florida........................................  Eglin Air Force Base........................        $90,700,000
                                                 MacDill Air Force Base......................         $8,100,000
                                                 Tyndall Air Force Base......................        $17,000,000
Georgia........................................  Robins Air Force Base.......................         $9,800,000
Kansas.........................................  McConnell Air Force Base....................        $17,500,000
Maryland.......................................  Joint Base Andrews..........................       $271,500,000
Nevada.........................................  Nellis Air Force Base.......................        $61,000,000
New Mexico.....................................  Cannon Air Force Base.......................        $42,000,000
                                                 Holloman Air Force Base.....................         $4,250,000
                                                 Kirtland Air Force Base.....................         $9,300,000
 North Dakota..................................  Minot Air Force Base........................        $27,000,000
Ohio...........................................  Wright-Patterson Air Force Base.............         $6,800,000
Oklahoma.......................................  Altus Air Force Base........................        $20,900,000
Texas..........................................  Joint Base San Antonio......................       $156,630,000
Utah...........................................  Hill Air Force Base.........................        $28,000,000
Wyoming........................................  F.E. Warren Air Force Base..................        $62,000,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) Outside the United States.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant 
to the authorization of appropriations in section 2304(a) and available 
for military construction projects outside the United States as 
specified in the funding table in section 4601, the Secretary of the 
Air Force may acquire real property and carry out military construction 
projects for the installation or location outside the United States, 
and in the amounts, set forth in the following table:

                                      Air Force: Outside the United States
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Country                                Installation or Location                  Amount
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Australia......................................  Darwin......................................        $76,000,000
Italy..........................................  Aviano Air Base.............................        $27,325,000
Qatar..........................................  Al Udeid....................................        $15,000,000
Turkey.........................................  Incirlik Air Base...........................        $25,997,000
United Kingdom.................................  RAF Fairford................................        $45,650,000
                                                 RAF Lakenheath..............................       $136,992,000
Worldwide Unspecified..........................  Unspecified Worldwide Locations.............       $325,390,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

SEC. 2302. FAMILY HOUSING.

    Using amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of 
appropriations in section 2304(a) and available for military family 
housing functions as specified in the funding table in section 4601, 
the Secretary of the Air Force may carry out architectural and 
engineering services and construction design activities with respect to 
the construction or improvement of family housing units in an amount 
not to exceed $4,445,000.

SEC. 2303. IMPROVEMENTS TO MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING UNITS.

    Subject to section 2825 of title 10, United States Code, and using 
amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in 
section 2304(a) and available for military family housing functions as 
specified in the funding table in section 4601, the Secretary of the 
Air Force may improve existing military family housing units in an 
amount not to exceed $80,617,000.

SEC. 2304. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS, AIR FORCE.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated for fiscal years beginning after September 30, 2017, 
for military construction, land acquisition, and military family 
housing functions of the Department of the Air Force, as specified in 
the funding table in section 4601.
    (b) Limitation on Total Cost of Construction Projects.--
Notwithstanding the cost variations authorized by section 2853 of title 
10, United States Code, and any other cost variation authorized by law, 
the total cost of all projects carried out under section 2301 of this 
Act may not exceed the total amount authorized to be appropriated under 
subsection (a), as specified in the funding table in section 4601.

SEC. 2305. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO CARRY OUT CERTAIN FISCAL YEAR 
              2017 PROJECTS.

    (a) Hanscom Air Force Base.--In the case of the authorization 
contained in the table in section 2301(a) of the Military Construction 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (division B of Public Law 114-
328; 130 Stat. 2696) for Hanscom Air Force Base, Massachusetts, for 
construction of a gate complex at the installation, the Secretary of 
the Air Force may construct a visitor control center of 187 square 
meters, a traffic check house of 294 square meters, and an emergency 
power generator system and transfer switch consistent with the Air 
Force's construction guidelines.
    (b) Mariana Islands.--In the case of the authorization contained in 
the table in section 2301(b) of the Military Construction Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (division B of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2697) for acquiring 142 hectares of land at an unspecified location in 
the Mariana Islands, the Secretary of the Air Force may purchase 142 
hectares of land on Tinian in the Northern Mariana Islands for a cost 
of $21,900,000.
    (c) Chabelley Airfield.--In the case of the authorization contained 
in the table in section 2902 of the Military Construction Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (division B of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2743) for Chabelley Airfield, Djibouti, for construction of a parking 
apron and taxiway at that location, the Secretary of the Air Force may 
construct 20,490 square meters of taxiway and apron, 8,230 square 
meters of paved shoulders, 10,650 square meters of hangar pads, and 
3,900 square meters of cargo apron.
    (d) Scott Air Force Base.--The table in section 4601 of the 
Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (division 
B of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2877) is amended in the item 
relating to Scott Air Force Base, Illinois, by striking ``Consolidated 
Corrosion Facility add/alter'' in the project title column and 
inserting ``Consolidated Communication Facility add/alter''.

SEC. 2306. EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATIONS OF CERTAIN FISCAL YEAR 2015 
              PROJECTS.

    (a) Extension.--Notwithstanding section 2002 of the Military 
Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (division B of 
Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3669), the authorizations set forth in 
the table in subsection (b), as provided in section 2301 of that Act 
(128 Stat. 3679), shall remain in effect until October 1, 2018, or the 
date of the enactment of an Act authorizing funds for military 
construction for fiscal year 2019, whichever is later.
    (b) Table.--The table referred to in subsection (a) is as follows:

                               Air Force: Extension of 2015 Project Authorizations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           State or  Country              Installati