Text: S.1656 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in Senate (07/27/2017)

 
[Congressional Bills 115th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[S. 1656 Introduced in Senate (IS)]

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115th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                S. 1656

     To amend the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to provide 
             cybersecurity protections for medical devices.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                             July 27, 2017

Mr. Blumenthal introduced the following bill; which was read twice and 
  referred to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
     To amend the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to provide 
             cybersecurity protections for medical devices.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Medical Device Cybersecurity Act of 
2017''.

SEC. 2. CYBERSECURITY FOR MEDICAL DEVICES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter V of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic 
Act (21 U.S.C. 351 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 520 
(21 U.S.C. 360j) the following--

``SEC. 520A. CYBERSECURITY FOR DEVICES.

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Cyber device.--The term `cyber device' means any 
        device that has network or Internet connectivity (such as near 
        field communication (NFC), Bluetooth, or WiFi), connects to an 
        external storage device or external media (such as a universal 
        serial bus (USB) or a compact disk), or has any other cyber 
        capability.
            ``(2) Cybersecurity fix or update.--The term `cybersecurity 
        fix or update' means any modification to a cyber device that 
        addresses a software, firmware, or hardware error or known 
        vulnerability, or a security update, and does not change the 
        therapeutic or diagnostic function of the device.
    ``(b) Transparency of Risk Prior to Marketing.--
            ``(1) Report card.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary, in coordination 
                with the entities described in subparagraph (B), shall 
                develop a report card for indicating the cybersecurity 
                functions of cyber devices. The report card shall 
                contain the contents described in paragraph (2) and be 
                disclosed in accordance with paragraph (3).
                    ``(B) Coordination.--The entities described in this 
                subparagraph are the following:
                            ``(i) The National Institute of Standards 
                        and Technology.
                            ``(ii) The Secretary of Homeland Security.
                            ``(iii) The National Coordination Office 
                        supporting the Networking and Information 
                        Technology Research and Development Program.
                            ``(iv) The Federal Trade Commission.
                            ``(v) Any other relevant agency, or 
                        cybersecurity or medical device industry group, 
                        as determined by the Secretary.
            ``(2) Contents of report card.--Each report card shall 
        contain each of the following:
                    ``(A) Information pertaining to all essential 
                elements described in the most recent version of the 
                Manufacturer Disclosure Statement for Medical Device 
                Security, as set forth by the Healthcare Information 
                and Management Systems Society and the National 
                Electrical Manufacturers Association.
                    ``(B) A traceability matrix, accepted by the 
                Secretary, that--
                            ``(i) redacts content that is confidential, 
                        as determined by the Secretary; and
                            ``(ii) establishes design components and 
                        traces such components to design compensating 
                        controls.
                    ``(C) A description of any manufacturer 
                compensating controls that--
                            ``(i) effectively address known common 
                        vulnerabilities and exposures; and
                            ``(ii) provide providers with industry 
                        standard compensating controls for improving 
                        cybersecurity.
                    ``(D) A description of--
                            ``(i) any cybersecurity evaluation 
                        conducted on the device, including any testing, 
                        validation, or verification of the device;
                            ``(ii) who conducted such evaluation; and
                            ``(iii) the results of such evaluation.
                    ``(E) A cybersecurity risk assessment conducted by 
                the manufacturer, or a third party, explaining the risk 
                of the device to patient safety and clinical hazards.
                    ``(F) An indication of whether the device is 
                capable of being remotely accessed. If the device is 
                capable of being remotely accessed, an indication of 
                any security measures and access protocols the device 
                has in place to secure such access.
            ``(3) Disclosure of report card.--
                    ``(A) Clearance or approval.--The manufacturer of 
                any cyber device shall include the report card in any 
                notification to the Secretary under section 510(k) or 
                any application for premarket approval under section 
                515(c), as applicable.
                    ``(B) Public accessibility.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                        provide a copy of the report card to any entity 
                        described in clause (ii) that submits a request 
                        for such copy to the Secretary.
                            ``(ii) Entities permitted access.--An 
                        entity described in this clause is--
                                    ``(I) any health care industry 
                                entity, consisting of any provider, 
                                device manufacturer, the Federal 
                                Government, health care information 
                                security researchers, and health care 
                                academia; and
                                    ``(II) any entity determined by the 
                                Secretary to have a valid interest in 
                                the report card.
                    ``(C) Updated report card.--For as long as the 
                cyber device receives technical support from the 
                manufacturer or any other third party authorized by the 
                manufacturer, the manufacturer shall submit to the 
                Secretary an annual update to the report card.
    ``(c) Protecting Remote Access to Managed Solutions.--
            ``(1) In general.--A manufacturer of a cyber device shall:
                    ``(A) In order to remotely access such device after 
                selling, or otherwise transferring ownership of, the 
                device, obtain consent for such access from the 
                provider owning or operating the device and from any 
                patient on which the device is used. Such consent may 
                be in the form of an agreement entered into between the 
                provider and the manufacturer at the time the device is 
                sold to the provider, and may be for the manufacturer 
                to remotely access the device at times specified in 
                such agreement or by an agreement between the 
                manufacturer and provider entered into thereafter. In 
                the case of an agreement described in the previous 
                sentence, consent of the patient may be obtained 
                through the provider notifying the patient of such 
                agreement.
                    ``(B) For any cyber device that the manufacturer 
                may remotely access in accordance with subparagraph 
                (A):
                            ``(i) Notify the provider when the 
                        manufacturer accesses the device remotely, 
                        including the name of the person with such 
                        access, the kinds of tasks that can be 
                        performed through such access, and the software 
                        used to access the device. Such notification 
                        can be in the form of an audit log described in 
                        clause (ii) if the audit log is readily 
                        available to the provider.
                            ``(ii) Maintain an audit log for each time 
                        the manufacturer accesses the device remotely 
                        and make such log accessible to the provider.
                    ``(C) Except as provided in paragraph (2), for any 
                cyber device that has the capability to be accessed 
                remotely by the manufacturer or any other entity:
                            ``(i) Implement multi-factor authentication 
                        for accessing any cyber capability of the 
                        device.
                            ``(ii) Secure data in motion and data at 
                        rest with data encryption, and other best 
                        practices, approved by the National Institute 
                        of Standards and Technology.
                            ``(iii) Install automated tools to track 
                        access, or identify attempts at unauthorized 
                        access, to any cyber capability of the device.
                            ``(iv) Adopt whitelisting approaches and 
                        changeable passwords for accessing any cyber 
                        capability of the device.
                            ``(v) Comply with the remote access 
                        provisions recommended by the National 
                        Institute of Standards and Technology, in the 
                        document entitled `Security for Telecommuting 
                        and Broadband Communications (NIST Special 
                        Publication 800-46)', published in August 2002.
            ``(2) Exceptions.--A manufacturer may submit a petition to 
        the Secretary to exempt a cyber device from any requirement 
        under paragraph (1)(C). The Secretary may grant such an 
        exemption if it determines that the manufacturer can prove the 
        exemption would pose not more than a minimal risk to patient 
        health, minimal risk to privacy, and minimal risk of a cyber 
        vulnerability.
    ``(d) Cybersecurity Fixes or Updates.--
            ``(1) Re-clearance or reapproval.--Unless at the request of 
        the Secretary due to a unique and extenuating circumstance, any 
        cybersecurity fix or update shall not require a new 
        notification under section 510(k) or application for premarket 
        approval under section 515(c).
            ``(2) Free cybersecurity fixes or updates.--A manufacturer 
        of a cyber device shall provide any cybersecurity fix or update 
        to the device free of charge until--
                    ``(A) the date on which any agreement to provide 
                such fixes or updates, entered into between the 
                manufacturer (or a third party authorized by the 
                manufacturer) and a provider, expires; or
                    ``(B) if no agreement described in subparagraph (A) 
                is in effect, the date that is 10 years after the date 
                on which the manufacturer discontinues marketing the 
                device.
    ``(e) End-of-Life Device.--Not later than 90 days after a 
manufacturer declares that it will no longer sell a cyber device, the 
manufacturer of such device shall--
            ``(1) shall provide any provider owning or operating the 
        device with the report card, as most recently updated under 
        subsection (b)(3)(C);
            ``(2) to the extent practicable, inform any provider owning 
        or operating the device that the manufacturer will no longer be 
        manufacturing such device;
            ``(3) provide notice to any provider owning or operating 
        the device of the date on which the last cybersecurity fix or 
        update will be provided by the manufacturer;
            ``(4) notify the Secretary of such declaration; and
            ``(5) provide any provider owning or operating the device 
        with the following information related to the device:
                    ``(A) Compensating controls on how to securely 
                configure the cyber device if the device stays in 
                operation past the date on which the manufacturer stops 
                providing cybsecurity fixes or updates under subsection 
                (d)(2).
                    ``(B) Documentation on secure preparation for 
                recycling and disposal of the device.
                    ``(C) Specific guidance regarding supporting 
                infrastructure architecture, including network 
                segmentation and device isolation requirements.
                    ``(D) Instructions on how to delete any personally 
                identifiable information, protected health information, 
                or other site-specific sensitive data such as 
                configuration files.
    ``(f) Applicability.--This section shall not apply with respect to 
any cyber device for which, prior to the enactment of the Medical 
Device Cybersecurity Act of 2017, a notification was submitted under 
section 510(k), or for which an application for premarket approval was 
submitted under section 515(c).''.
    (b) Enforcement.--Section 301 of the Federal Food, Drug, and 
Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 331) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(eee) The failure to comply with subsection (b), (c), (d), or (e) 
of section 520A.''.
    (c) Expansion of ICS-CERT Responsibilities.--
            (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) Cyber device.--The term ``cyber device'' has 
                the meaning given the term in section 520A of the 
                Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, as added by 
                subsection (a).
                    (B) ICS-CERT.--The term ``ICS-CERT'' means the 
                Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response 
                Team of the National Cybersecurity and Communications 
                Integration Center established under section 227 of the 
                Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 148).
                    (C) Under secretary.--The term ``Under Secretary'' 
                means the Under Secretary appointed under section 
                103(a)(1)(H) of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 
                U.S.C. 113(a)(1)(H)).
            (2) Expansion.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall expand the 
        duties and mission of ICS-CERT to include--
                    (A) investigating cybersecurity vulnerabilities of 
                cyber devices that may cause harm to human life or 
                significant misuse of personal health information, as 
                determined necessary by ICS-CERT or at the request of 
                the Under Secretary; and
                    (B) coordinating device-specific responses to 
                cybersecurity incidents and vulnerabilities with 
                respect to cyber devices.
            (3) Consultation.--In carrying out paragraph (2), the Under 
        Secretary shall consult with relevant agencies within the Food 
        and Drug Administration, the Department of Health and Human 
        Services, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, 
        the National Coordination Office for Networking and Information 
        Technology Research and Development, the Federal Trade 
        Commission, and experts in the cybersecurity and medical device 
        industries.
            (4) Coordinated disclosure.--Not later than 6 months after 
        the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland 
        Security shall issue rules relating to the coordinated 
        disclosure of controlled and uncontrolled cybersecurity 
        vulnerabilities of cyber devices, which shall--
                    (A) outline the roles and responsibilities of ICS-
                CERT and manufacturers and providers of cyber devices;
                    (B) provide timelines for all required actions; and
                    (C) provide for the enforcement of cooperation 
                between ICS-CERT and manufacturers and providers of 
                cyber devices.
            (5) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall submit to 
        Congress a report detailing the expanded duties and mission of 
        ICS-CERT under paragraph (2).
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