Text: S.1731 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in Senate (08/02/2017)


115th CONGRESS
1st Session
S. 1731


To address the forest health crisis on National Forest System land, and for other purposes.


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

August 2, 2017

Mr. Thune introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Environment and Public Works


A BILL

To address the forest health crisis on National Forest System land, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Forest Management Improvement Act of 2017”.

SEC. 2. Definitions.

In this Act:

(1) CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION.—The term “categorical exclusion” means an exclusion from the requirement to prepare an environmental assessment or an environmental impact statement under section 102 of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4332) for a category of forest management activities.

(2) FOREST MANAGEMENT ACTIVITY.—The term “forest management activity” means a project or activity carried out by the Secretary on National Forest System land.

(3) FOREST PLAN.—The term “forest plan” means a land and resource management plan prepared by the Forest Service in accordance with section 6 of the Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974 (16 U.S.C. 1604).

(4) NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM.—The term “National Forest System” has the meaning given the term in section 11(a) of the Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974 (16 U.S.C. 1609(a)).

(5) SECRETARY.—The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the Chief of the Forest Service.

SEC. 3. Categorical exclusions.

(a) Establishment of categorical exclusions.—

(1) EARLY SERAL HABITAT CREATION.—A categorical exclusion is available to the Secretary to conduct a forest management activity the purpose of which is the creation of an early seral habitat forest.

(2) WILDLIFE HABITAT IMPROVEMENT.—A categorical exclusion is available to the Secretary to conduct a forest management activity the purpose of which is the improvement of wildlife habitat.

(3) FOREST THINNING.—A categorical exclusion is available to the Secretary to conduct a forest management activity the purpose of which is commercial thinning of forest stands on suited timberland, including—

(A) the incidental removal of trees for landings, skid trails, and road clearing; and

(B) the construction of a temporary road that is not longer than 1 mile to carry out that commercial thinning.

(4) SALVAGE OF DEAD AND DYING TREES.—A categorical exclusion is available to the Secretary to conduct a forest management activity the purpose of which is the salvage of trees that are dead, dying, or both, and were damaged by wind, an ice storm, fire, or another event, including—

(A) the incidental removal of trees for landings, skid trails, and road clearing; and

(B) the construction of a temporary road that is not longer than 1 mile to carry out that salvage of trees.

(b) Acreage limitations.—Forest management activities using the categorical exclusions under each of paragraphs (1) through (4) of subsection (a) may be conducted on not more than 10,000 acres of National Forest System land for each categorical exclusion.

(c) Extraordinary circumstances.—The Secretary may apply the extraordinary circumstances procedures under section 220.6 of title 36, Code of Federal Regulations (or successor regulations), in determining whether to use a categorical exclusion under subsection (a).

(d) Consistency.—In carrying out forest management activities using the categorical exclusions under subsection (a), the Secretary shall ensure that the forest management activities are consistent with the applicable forest plans.

(e) Cumulative impacts.—The Secretary shall not be required to conduct a cumulative impact analysis in an environmental document prepared under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) for a forest management activity carried out using a categorical exclusion made available to the Secretary under subsection (a) or any other provision of law (including regulations).

(f) Expansion of categorical exclusion for insect and disease infestation.—

(1) PERMANENT AUTHORITY.—Section 602(f) of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6591a(f)) is amended by striking “each of fiscal years 2014 through 2024.” and inserting “each fiscal year.”.

(2) ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW.—Section 603 of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6591b) is amended—

(A) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking “described in subsection (b)”;

(B) by striking subsection (b);

(C) by redesignating subsections (c) through (g) as subsections (b) through (f), respectively; and

(D) in subsection (b) (as so redesignated)—

(i) in paragraph (1), by striking “3000” and inserting “10,000”; and

(ii) in paragraph (2), by striking “shall be” in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) and all that follows through the period at the end of subparagraph (B) and inserting “may be carried out in any area designated under section 602(b), including areas in Fire Regime Groups IV and V.”.

SEC. 4. Expedited environmental review.

(a) Environmental impact statements.—In an environmental impact statement prepared pursuant to section 102(2) of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4332(2)) for a forest management activity, the Secretary shall be required to study, develop, and describe only the following 2 alternatives:

(1) The forest management activity.

(2) The alternative of no action.

(b) Environmental assessments.—In an environmental assessment prepared pursuant to section 102(2) of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4332(2)) for a forest management activity, the Secretary shall not be required to study, develop, and describe the alternative of no action.

SEC. 5. Good neighbor authority.

(a) In general.—Section 8206(a)(3)(B)(i) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (16 U.S.C. 2113a(a)(3)(B)(i)) is amended by striking “or permanent”.

(b) Repeal.—Section 331 of the Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2001 (16 U.S.C. 1011 note) is repealed.

SEC. 6. Stewardship end result contracting projects.

Section 604 of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6591c) is amended—

(1) in subsection (c), by adding at the end the following:

“(8) Retention of existing wood products infrastructure.”;

(2) in subsection (d)(1), by inserting “, or lowest-cost-technically-acceptable,” after “best-value”; and

(3) in subsection (e)(2)(A), by inserting “, subject to the condition that 25 percent of the gross receipts shall be disbursed to the county in which the project site is located” before “; and”.

SEC. 7. Litigation relief.

Section 106 of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6516) is amended—

(1) by redesignating subsections (a) through (c) as subsections (b) through (d), respectively;

(2) by inserting before subsection (b) (as so redesignated) the following:

“(a) Definition of covered project.—In this section, the term ‘covered project’ means—

“(1) with respect to a project on land of the National Forest System described in section 3(1)(A), any vegetation management project carried out by the Secretary of Agriculture, except on land on which vegetation management is prohibited by law or the applicable land and resource management plan described in section 101(13)(A); and

“(2) with respect to public lands described in section 3(1)(B), an authorized hazardous fuels reduction project conducted under this title.”;

(3) in subsection (b) (as so redesignated)—

(A) by striking “an authorized hazardous fuels reduction project conducted under this title” and inserting “a covered project”; and

(B) by striking “the authorized hazardous fuels reduction project” and inserting “the covered project”;

(4) in subsection (c) (as so redesignated), by striking “subsection (a)” and inserting “subsection (b)”;

(5) in subsection (d) (as so redesignated)—

(A) in paragraph (1), by striking “an authorized hazardous fuel reduction project carried out under this title” and inserting “a covered project”;

(B) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking “authorized hazardous fuel reduction project” and inserting “covered project”; and

(C) in paragraph (3), in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking “an authorized hazardous fuel reduction project” and inserting “a covered project”; and

(6) by adding at the end the following:

“(e) Forest Service pilot arbitration program.—

“(1) ESTABLISHMENT.—

“(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Agriculture (referred to in this subsection as the ‘Secretary’) shall establish within the Forest Service a pilot arbitration program (referred to in this subsection as the ‘program’) to designate any of the projects described in paragraph (2) for an alternative dispute resolution procedure to replace judicial review of the projects.

“(B) DESIGNATION PROCESS AND ARBITRATION PROCEDURE.—The Secretary shall—

“(i) establish a process for the designation of projects and an alternative dispute resolution procedure for the program in accordance with this subsection; and

“(ii) publish in the Federal Register the process and procedure described in clause (i).

“(2) DESCRIPTION OF PROJECTS.—The Secretary may designate for the program projects for—

“(A) vegetation management;

“(B) forest thinning;

“(C) hazardous fuels reduction; and

“(D) any other project, as determined by the Secretary.

“(f) Costs and fees.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—In awarding fees or other expenses under section 2412 of title 28, United States Code, for a civil action relating to a covered project, the court shall—

“(A) restrict the award to reasonable hourly reimbursements; and

“(B) ensure that the award is not granted to—

“(i) a party other than a prevailing party; or

“(ii) a person that has substantial financial resources.

“(2) REGULATIONS.—The Secretary shall promulgate regulations for what constitutes—

“(A) reasonable hourly reimbursements under paragraph (1)(A); and

“(B) substantial financial resources under paragraph (1)(B)(ii).”.