Text: S.1928 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in Senate (10/05/2017)


115th CONGRESS
1st Session
S. 1928


To establish a review of United States multilateral aid.


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

October 5, 2017

Mr. Corker (for himself, Mr. Coons, Mr. Young, Mr. Kaine, Mr. Rubio, Mr. Bennet, Mr. Isakson, and Mr. Casey) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations


A BILL

To establish a review of United States multilateral aid.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Multilateral Aid Review Act of 2017”.

SEC. 2. Purpose.

The purpose of this Act is to establish a United States Multilateral Aid Review (in this Act referred to as the “Review”) to publicly assess the value of United States Government investments in multilateral entities.

SEC. 3. Appropriate congressional committees defined.

In this Act, the term “appropriate congressional committees” means—

(1) the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and

(2) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Financial Services, and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 4. Objectives.

The objectives of the Review are as follows:

(1) Provide a tool to guide the United States Government’s decision making and prioritization with regard to funding multilateral entities and to provide a methodological basis for allocating scarce budgetary resources to entities that advance relevant United States foreign policy objectives.

(2) Incentivize improvements in the performance of multilateral entities to achieve better outcomes on the ground in developing, fragile, and crisis-afflicted regions.

(3) Protect United States taxpayer investments in foreign assistance by improving transparency with regard to the funding of multilateral entities.

SEC. 5. Scope.

The Review shall include in its assessment multilateral entities to which the United States Government contributes voluntary or assessed funding, whether cash or in-kind, including the following entities:

(1) The World Bank Group, including the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the International Development Association, and the International Finance Corporation.

(2) The regional development banks, including the Asian Development Bank, the African Development Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, and the North American Development Bank.

(3) Climate Investment Funds.

(4) The Food and Agriculture Organization.

(5) Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance.

(6) The Global Environment Facility.

(7) The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.

(8) The Great Lakes Fishery Commission.

(9) The Green Climate Fund.

(10) The Inter-American Institute for Cooperation for Agriculture.

(11) The International Civil Aviation Organization.

(12) The International Committee of the Red Cross.

(13) The International Fund for Agricultural Development.

(14) The International Labour Organization.

(15) The International Organization for Migration.

(16) The International Telecommunication Union.

(17) The Joint UN Program on HIV/AIDS.

(18) The Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol.

(19) The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.

(20) The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

(21) The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

(22) The Organization of American States.

(23) The Pacific Forum Fisheries Agency.

(24) The Pan American Health Organization.

(25) The United Nations Children's Fund.

(26) The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

(27) The United Nations Development Programme.

(28) The United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women.

(29) The United Nations Environment Programme.

(30) The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

(31) The United Nations Office for Project Services.

(32) The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.

(33) The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

(34) The United Nations Population Fund.

(35) The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East.

(36) The United Nations Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture.

(37) The World Food Program.

(38) The World Health Organization.

(39) The World Meteorological Organization.

SEC. 6. Triennial report on review.

(a) In general.—Not later than twenty-one months after the date of the enactment of this Act, and every three years thereafter, the United States Multilateral Aid Review Task Force established under section 7, in regular consultation with the Peer Review Group established under section 8, shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a final report on the findings of the Review. The Secretary of State shall publish the report on the Internet website of the Department of State within seven days of submitting the report to the appropriate congressional committees.

(b) Methodology.—

(1) USE OF CRITERIA.—The Task Force shall establish an analytical framework and assessment scorecard for the Review using the criteria set forth in subsection (c).

(2) CONSULTATION WITH CONGRESS.—Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Task Force shall submit the methodology for the initial Review to the appropriate congressional committees. The Task Force may not proceed with the Review until 30 days after submission of the methodology to the appropriate congressional committees, taking into consideration the views of the Chairmen and Ranking Members of each of the appropriate congressional committees. For each subsequent Review, the Task Force shall consult with the Chairmen and Ranking Members of each of the appropriate congressional committees regarding any changes to the methodology.

(c) Assessment criteria.—The assessment scorecard shall include the following criteria:

(1) RELATIONSHIP OF STATED GOALS TO ACTUAL RESULTS.—The extent to which the stated mission, goals, and objectives of the entity have been achieved during the review period, including—

(A) an identification of the stated mission, goals, and objectives of each entity;

(B) an evaluation of the major projects and programs selected for implementation by the entity in comparison with the stated mission, goals, and objectives of the entity;

(C) an evaluation of whether the major projects and programs selected by the entity within the given review period were more likely than not to further the achievement of the stated mission, goals, and objectives of the entity;

(D) an evaluation of the extent to which the major selected projects and programs met their own stated implementation timelines and achieved declared results; and

(E) an evaluation of whether the entity optimizes resources to achieve the stated mission, goals, and objectives of the entity.

(2) RESPONSIBLE MANAGEMENT.—The extent to which management of the entity follows best management practices, including—

(A) an evaluation of the ratio of management and administrative expenses to program expenses, including an evaluation of entity resources spent on nonprogrammatic expenses;

(B) an evaluation of program expense growth, including a comparison of the annual growth of program expenses to the annual growth of management and administrative expenses; and

(C) an evaluation of whether the entity has established appropriate levels of senior management compensation.

(3) ACCOUNTABILITY AND TRANSPARENCY.—The extent to which the policies and procedures of the entity follow best practices of accountability and transparency, taking into consideration credible reporting regarding unauthorized conversion or diversion of entity resources, and including—

(A) an evaluation of whether the entity has established and enforced appropriate auditing procedures;

(B) an evaluation of the whether the entity has established and enforced appropriate rules to reduce the risk of conflicts of interest among the senior leadership of the entity;

(C) an evaluation of whether the entity has established and enforced appropriate whistleblower policies;

(D) an evaluation of whether the entity has established and maintained appropriate records retention policies and guidelines;

(E) an evaluation of whether the entity has established and maintained best practices with respect to transparency and public disclosure; and

(F) an evaluation of whether the entity has established and maintained best practices with respect to disclosure of the compensation of senior leadership officials.

(4) ALIGNMENT WITH UNITED STATES FOREIGN POLICY OBJECTIVES.—The extent to which the policies and practices of the entity align with relevant United States foreign policy objectives, including—

(A) an evaluation of the entity’s stated mission, goals, and objectives in comparison to relevant United States foreign policy objectives;

(B) an evaluation of whether continued participation by the United States in the entity contributes a net benefit towards achieving relevant United States foreign policy objectives, including the reasons for the conclusion; and

(C) an evaluation of any divergence between the actions of the entity and relevant United States foreign policy objectives.

(5) MULTILATERAL APPROACH COMPARED TO BILATERAL APPROACH.—The extent to which pursuing relevant United States foreign policy objectives through a multilateral approach is effective and cost-efficient compared to a bilateral approach, including—

(A) an evaluation of whether relevant United States foreign policy objectives are effectively pursued through the entity, compared to existing or potential bilateral approaches; and

(B) an evaluation of whether relevant United States foreign policy objectives are pursued on a cost-effective basis through the entity, compared to existing or potential bilateral approaches.

(6) REDUNDANCIES AND OVERLAP.—The extent to which the mission, goals, and objectives of the entity overlap with the mission, goals, and objectives of other multilateral institutions to which United States Government entities contribute voluntary or assessed funding, whether cash or in-kind, including—

(A) an identification of significant redundancies or overlap with the mission, goals, and objectives of other multilateral entities to which United States Government entities contribute voluntary or assessed funding, whether cash or in-kind; and

(B) a comparison of the extent to which relevant United States foreign policy objectives are effectively pursued on a cost-effective basis through each of the overlapping entities.

SEC. 7. United States multilateral review task force.

(a) Establishment.—The President shall establish an interagency Multilateral Review Task Force (referred to in this Act as the “Task Force”) to review and assess United States participation in multilateral entities identified in section 5 and to develop and transmit to the appropriate congressional committees the reports required under section 6.

(b) Leadership.—The Task Force shall be chaired by the Secretary of State. The Secretary may delegate his or her responsibilities under this Act to an appropriate senior Senate-confirmed official.

(c) Membership.—The President may appoint to the interagency Task Force senior Senate-confirmed officials from the Department of State, the Department of the Treasury, the United States Agency for International Development, the Office of Management and Budget, and any other relevant executive branch department or agency.

(d) Consultation.—In the preparation of each report under section 6, including the initial review of methodology, the Task Force shall consult regularly with the Peer Review Group established under section 8.

SEC. 8. United States multilateral aid review peer review group.

(a) Establishment.—There is established the United States Multilateral Aid Review Peer Review Group (referred to in this Act as the “Peer Review Group”).

(b) Membership.—

(1) COMPOSITION.—The Peer Review Group shall be composed of 8 nongovernmental volunteer members, of whom—

(A) 2 shall be appointed by the majority leader of the Senate;

(B) 2 shall be appointed by the minority leader of the Senate;

(C) 2 shall be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives; and

(D) 2 shall be appointed by the minority leader of the House of Representatives.

(2) APPOINTMENT CRITERIA.—The members of the Peer Review Group shall have appropriate expertise and knowledge of the multilateral entities subject to the Review established by this Act. In making appointments to the Peer Review Group, potential conflicts of interest should be taken into account.

(3) DATE.—The initial appointments of the members of the Peer Review Group shall be made not later than 100 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and the terms of such appointments shall begin on that date.

(4) CHAIRMAN AND VICE CHAIRMAN.—The Peer Review Group shall select a Chairman and Vice Chairman from among the members of the Peer Review Group.

(c) Expert analysis.—The Peer Review Group shall meet regularly with the Task Force, including regarding the initial review of methodology, to offer their expertise of the funding and performance of multilateral entities.

(d) Review of report.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 180 days before submitting each report required under section 6(a), the Task Force shall transmit a draft of the report to the Peer Review Group and the appropriate congressional committees.

(2) REVIEW.—The Peer Review Group shall review the draft report submitted under paragraph (1) and provide to the Task Force and the appropriate congressional committees not later than 90 days before the submission of each report required under section 6(a) the following:

(A) An analysis of the conclusions of the report.

(B) An analysis of the established methodologies used to reach conclusions in the report.

(C) An analysis of the evidence used to reach conclusions in the report.

(D) Any additional comments to improve the evaluations and analysis of the report.

(e) Period of appointment; vacancies.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Each member of the Peer Review Group shall be appointed for a 6-year term and may be reappointed under subsection (b)(1) for one additional term.

(2) VACANCIES.—Any vacancy in the Peer Review Group—

(A) shall not affect the powers of the Peer Review Group; and

(B) shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment.

(f) Meetings.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Peer Review Group shall meet at the call of the Chairman.

(2) INITIAL MEETING.—Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Peer Review Group shall hold its first meeting.

(3) QUORUM.—A majority of the members of the Peer Group shall constitute a quorum, but a lesser number of members may hold meetings.

SEC. 9. Termination of authorities.

The authorities and requirements provided under this Act shall terminate 11 years after the date of the enactment of this Act.