Text: S.3042 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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Reported to Senate (06/18/2018)

 
[Congressional Bills 115th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[S. 3042 Reported in Senate (RS)]

<DOC>





                                                       Calendar No. 470
115th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                S. 3042

 To provide for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other 
programs of the Department of Agriculture through fiscal year 2023, and 
                          for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                             June 11, 2018

  Mr. Roberts (for himself and Ms. Stabenow) introduced the following 
      bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on 
                  Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry

                             June 18, 2018

               Reported by Mr. Roberts, with an amendment
 [Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed 
                               in italic]

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
 To provide for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other 
programs of the Department of Agriculture through fiscal year 2023, and 
                          for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

<DELETED>SECTION 1. EXTENSION SERVICE.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    Section 1464 of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3312) is amended 
by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 2. EXTENSION AT 1890 LAND-GRANT COLLEGES, INCLUDING 
              TUSKEGEE UNIVERSITY; REPORT.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    Section 1444 of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3221) is amended--
</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) in subsection (a), by striking paragraph (4); 
        and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) by adding at the end the following:</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(g) Report.--The Secretary shall annually submit to 
Congress a report describing the allocations made to, and matching 
funds received by, eligible institutions under this 
section.''.</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 3. REPORT ON AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AT 1890 LAND-GRANT 
              COLLEGES, INCLUDING TUSKEGEE UNIVERSITY.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    Section 1445 of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3222) is amended 
by adding at the end the following:</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(i) Report.--The Secretary shall annually submit to 
Congress a report describing the allocations made to, and matching 
funds received by, eligible institutions under this 
section.''.</DELETED>

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Agriculture 
Improvement Act of 2018''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definition of Secretary.

                          TITLE I--COMMODITIES

                      Subtitle A--Commodity Policy

Sec. 1101. Payment acres.
Sec. 1102. Producer election.
Sec. 1103. Price loss coverage.
Sec. 1104. Agriculture risk coverage.
Sec. 1105. Repeal of transition assistance for producers of upland 
                            cotton.

                      Subtitle B--Marketing Loans

Sec. 1201. Extensions.
Sec. 1202. Repeal; unshorn pelts.
Sec. 1203. Economic adjustment assistance for upland cotton users.

                           Subtitle C--Sugar

Sec. 1301. Sugar program.

                           Subtitle D--Dairy

                      PART I--Dairy Risk Coverage

Sec. 1401. Dairy risk coverage.

      PART II--Reauthorizations and Other Dairy-Related Provisions

Sec. 1411. Reauthorizations.
Sec. 1412. Class I skim milk price.
Sec. 1413. Milk donation program.

       Subtitle E--Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance

Sec. 1501. Supplemental agricultural disaster assistance.

                 Subtitle F--Noninsured Crop Assistance

Sec. 1601. Noninsured crop assistance program.

                       Subtitle G--Administration

Sec. 1701. Regulations.
Sec. 1702. Suspension of permanent price support authority.
Sec. 1703. Implementation.
Sec. 1704. Adjusted gross income limitation.
Sec. 1705. Base acres review.
Sec. 1706. Farm Service Agency accountability.
Sec. 1707. Technical corrections.

                         TITLE II--CONSERVATION

                Subtitle A--Conservation Reserve Program

Sec. 2101. Extension and enrollment requirements of conservation 
                            reserve program.
Sec. 2102. Farmable wetland program.
Sec. 2103. Duties of the Secretary.
Sec. 2104. Payments.
Sec. 2105. Conservation reserve enhancement program.
Sec. 2106. Contracts.
Sec. 2107. Conservation reserve easements.
Sec. 2108. Eligible land; State law requirements.

              Subtitle B--Conservation Stewardship Program

Sec. 2201. Definitions.
Sec. 2202. Establishment.
Sec. 2203. Stewardship contracts.
Sec. 2204. Duties of Secretary.

          Subtitle C--Environmental Quality Incentives Program

Sec. 2301. Purposes.
Sec. 2302. Definitions.
Sec. 2303. Establishment and administration.
Sec. 2304. Evaluation of applications.
Sec. 2305. Duties of the Secretary.
Sec. 2306. Environmental quality incentives program plan.
Sec. 2307. Conservation innovation grants and payments.
Sec. 2308. Soil health demonstration pilot project.

                Subtitle D--Other Conservation Programs

Sec. 2401. Wetland conservation.
Sec. 2402. Conservation security program.
Sec. 2403. Conservation of private grazing land.
Sec. 2404. Soil health and income protection program.
Sec. 2405. Grassroots source water protection program.
Sec. 2406. Soil testing and remediation assistance.
Sec. 2407. Voluntary public access and habitat incentive program.
Sec. 2408. Agriculture conservation experienced services program.
Sec. 2409. Remote telemetry data system.
Sec. 2410. Agricultural conservation easement program.
Sec. 2411. Regional conservation partnership program.
Sec. 2412. Wetland conversion.
Sec. 2413. Delineation of wetlands.
Sec. 2414. Emergency conservation program.
Sec. 2415. Watershed protection and flood prevention.
Sec. 2416. Small watershed rehabilitation program.
Sec. 2417. Repeal of Conservation Corridor Demonstration Program.
Sec. 2418. Repeal of cranberry acreage reserve program.
Sec. 2419. Repeal of National Natural Resources Foundation.
Sec. 2420. Repeal of flood risk reduction.
Sec. 2421. Repeal of study of land use for expiring contracts and 
                            extension of authority.
Sec. 2422. Repeal of Integrated Farm Management Program Option.
Sec. 2423. Repeal of clarification of definition of agricultural lands.
Sec. 2424. Resource conservation and development program.
Sec. 2425. Wildlife management.
Sec. 2426. Healthy forests reserve program.
Sec. 2427. Watershed protection.
Sec. 2428. Sense of Congress relating to increased watershed-based 
                            collaboration.
Sec. 2429. Modifications to conservation easement programs.

                 Subtitle E--Funding and Administration

Sec. 2501. Funding.
Sec. 2502. Delivery of technical assistance.
Sec. 2503. Administrative requirements for conservation programs.
Sec. 2504. Definition of acequia.
Sec. 2505. Authorization of appropriations for water bank program.
Sec. 2506. Report on land access, tenure, and transition.
Sec. 2507. Report on small wetlands.
Sec. 2508. State technical committees.

                   Subtitle F--Technical Corrections

Sec. 2601. Farmable wetland program.
Sec. 2602. Report on program enrollments and assistance.
Sec. 2603. Delivery of technical assistance.
Sec. 2604. State technical committees.

                            TITLE III--TRADE

                     Subtitle A--Food for Peace Act

Sec. 3101. Food aid quality.
Sec. 3102. Generation and use of currencies by private voluntary 
                            organizations and cooperatives.
Sec. 3103. Minimum levels of assistance.
Sec. 3104. Food Aid Consultative Group.
Sec. 3105. Oversight, monitoring, and evaluation.
Sec. 3106. Assistance for stockpiling and rapid transportation, 
                            delivery, and distribution of shelf-stable 
                            prepackaged foods.
Sec. 3107. Allowance of distribution costs.
Sec. 3108. Prepositioning of agricultural commodities.
Sec. 3109. Annual report regarding food aid programs and activities.
Sec. 3110. Deadline for agreements to finance sales or to provide other 
                            assistance.
Sec. 3111. Nonemergency food assistance.
Sec. 3112. Micronutrient fortification programs.
Sec. 3113. John Ogonowski and Doug Bereuter Farmer-to-Farmer Program.

               Subtitle B--Agricultural Trade Act of 1978

Sec. 3201. Priority trade promotion, development, and assistance.

               Subtitle C--Other Agricultural Trade Laws

Sec. 3301. Food for Progress Act of 1985.
Sec. 3302. Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust Act.
Sec. 3303. Promotion of agricultural exports to emerging markets.
Sec. 3304. Cochran emerging market fellowship program.
Sec. 3305. Borlaug International Agricultural Science and Technology 
                            Fellowship Program.
Sec. 3306. International food security technical assistance.
Sec. 3307. McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child 
                            Nutrition Program.
Sec. 3308. Global Crop Diversity Trust.
Sec. 3309. Local and regional food aid procurement projects.
Sec. 3310. Foreign trade missions.

                          TITLE IV--NUTRITION

         Subtitle A--Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

Sec. 4101. Definition of certification period.
Sec. 4102. Food distribution program on Indian reservations.
Sec. 4103. Work requirements for supplemental nutrition assistance 
                            program.
Sec. 4104. Improvements to electronic benefit transfer system.
Sec. 4105. Retail incentives.
Sec. 4106. Required action on data match information.
Sec. 4107. Income verification.
Sec. 4108. Pilot projects to improve healthy dietary patterns related 
                            to fluid milk in the supplemental nutrition 
                            assistance program.
Sec. 4109. Interstate data matching to prevent multiple issuances.
Sec. 4110. Quality control.
Sec. 4111. Requirement of live-production environments for certain 
                            pilot projects relating to cost sharing for 
                            computerization.
Sec. 4112. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 4113. Assistance for community food projects.
Sec. 4114. Nutrition education State plans.
Sec. 4115. Emergency food assistance program.
Sec. 4116. Technical and conforming amendments.

              Subtitle B--Commodity Distribution Programs

Sec. 4201. Commodity distribution program.
Sec. 4202. Commodity supplemental food program.
Sec. 4203. Distribution of surplus commodities; special nutrition 
                            projects.

                       Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

Sec. 4301. Purchase of specialty crops.
Sec. 4302. Seniors farmers' market nutrition program.
Sec. 4303. The Gus Schumacher food insecurity nutrition incentive.
Sec. 4304. Harvesting health pilot projects.

                            TITLE V--CREDIT

                    Subtitle A--Farm Ownership Loans

Sec. 5101. Modification of the 3-year experience requirement for 
                            purposes of eligibility for farm ownership 
                            loans.
Sec. 5102. Conservation loan and loan guarantee program.
Sec. 5103. Limitations on amount of farm ownership loans.

                      Subtitle B--Operating Loans

Sec. 5201. Limitations on amount of operating loans.
Sec. 5202. Cooperative lending pilot projects.

                 Subtitle C--Administrative Provisions

Sec. 5301. Beginning farmer and rancher individual development accounts 
                            pilot program.
Sec. 5302. Loan authorization levels.
Sec. 5303. Loan fund set-asides.
Sec. 5304. Equitable relief.
Sec. 5305. Socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers; qualified 
                            beginning farmers and ranchers.
Sec. 5306. Emergency loan eligibility.

                       Subtitle D--Miscellaneous

Sec. 5401. State agricultural mediation programs.
Sec. 5402. Socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers.
Sec. 5403. Sharing of privileged and confidential information.
Sec. 5404. Removal and prohibition authority; industry-wide 
                            prohibition.
Sec. 5405. Jurisdiction over institution-affiliated parties.
Sec. 5406. Definition of institution-affiliated party.
Sec. 5407. Repeal of obsolete provisions; technical corrections.
Sec. 5408. Corporation as conservator or receiver; certain other 
                            powers.
Sec. 5409. Reporting.
Sec. 5410. Sense of the Senate.

                      TITLE VI--RURAL DEVELOPMENT

        Subtitle A--Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act

Sec. 6101. Water, waste disposal, and wastewater facility grants.
Sec. 6102. Rural water and wastewater technical assistance and training 
                            programs.
Sec. 6103. Rural water and wastewater circuit rider program.
Sec. 6104. Tribal college and university essential community 
                            facilities.
Sec. 6105. Community facilities direct loans and grants for substance 
                            use disorder treatment services.
Sec. 6106. Emergency and imminent community water assistance grant 
                            program.
Sec. 6107. Water systems for rural and native villages in Alaska.
Sec. 6108. Rural decentralized water systems.
Sec. 6109. Solid waste management grants.
Sec. 6110. Rural business development grants.
Sec. 6111. Rural cooperative development grants.
Sec. 6112. Locally or regionally produced agricultural food products.
Sec. 6113. Appropriate technology transfer for rural areas program.
Sec. 6114. Rural economic area partnership zones.
Sec. 6115. Intemediary relending program.
Sec. 6116. Single application for broadband.
Sec. 6117. Loan guarantee loan fees.
Sec. 6118. Rural Business-Cooperative Service programs technical 
                            assistance and training.
Sec. 6119. National rural development partnership.
Sec. 6120. Grants for NOAA weather radio transmitters.
Sec. 6121. Rural microentrepreneur assistance program.
Sec. 6122. Health care services.
Sec. 6123. Strategic economic and community development.
Sec. 6124. Delta Regional Authority.
Sec. 6125. Rural business investment program.

             Subtitle B--Rural Electrification Act of 1936

Sec. 6201. Electric loan refinancing.
Sec. 6202. Technical assistance for rural electrification loans.
Sec. 6203. Loans for telephone service.
Sec. 6204. Cushion of credit payments program.
Sec. 6205. Guarantees for bonds and notes issued for electrification or 
                            telephone purposes.
Sec. 6206. Access to broadband telecommunications services in rural 
                            areas.
Sec. 6207. Community Connect Grant Program.
Sec. 6208. Transparency in the Telecommunications Infrastructure Loan 
                            Program.
Sec. 6209. Refinancing of broadband and telephone loans.
Sec. 6210. Cybersecurity and grid security improvements.

                       Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

Sec. 6301. Distance learning and telemedicine.
Sec. 6302. Rural energy savings program.
Sec. 6303. Rural health and safety education programs.
Sec. 6304. Northern Border Regional Commission reauthorization.

          TITLE VII--RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND RELATED MATTERS

  Subtitle A--National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
                           Policy Act of 1977

Sec. 7101. Purposes of agricultural research, extension, and education.
Sec. 7102. Matters relating to certain school designations and 
                            declarations.
Sec. 7103. National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and 
                            Economics Advisory Board.
Sec. 7104. Citrus disease subcommittee of specialty crop committee.
Sec. 7105. Veterinary services grant program.
Sec. 7106. Grants and fellowships for food and agriculture sciences 
                            education.
Sec. 7107. Research equipment grants.
Sec. 7108. Agricultural and food policy research centers.
Sec. 7109. Education grants to Alaska Native serving institutions and 
                            Native Hawaiian serving institutions.
Sec. 7110. Next generation agriculture technology challenge.
Sec. 7111. Nutrition education program.
Sec. 7112. Authorization for appropriations for Federal agricultural 
                            research facilities.
Sec. 7113. Continuing animal health and disease research programs.
Sec. 7114. Extension at 1890 land-grant colleges, including Tuskegee 
                            University; report.
Sec. 7115. Report on agricultural research at 1890 land-grant colleges, 
                            including Tuskegee University.
Sec. 7116. Grants to upgrade agricultural and food sciences facilities 
                            at 1890 land-grant colleges, including 
                            Tuskegee University.
Sec. 7117. Grants to upgrade agriculture and food sciences facilities 
                            and equipment at insular area land-grant 
                            institutions.
Sec. 7118. New Beginning for Tribal Students.
Sec. 7119. Hispanic-serving institutions.
Sec. 7120. Binational agricultural research and development.
Sec. 7121. Partnerships to build capacity in international agricultural 
                            research, extension, and teaching.
Sec. 7122. Competitive grants for international agricultural science 
                            and education programs.
Sec. 7123. University research.
Sec. 7124. Extension service.
Sec. 7125. Supplemental and alternative crops; hemp.
Sec. 7126. New Era Rural Technology program.
Sec. 7127. Capacity building grants for NLGCA institutions.
Sec. 7128. Agriculture Advanced Research and Development Authority.
Sec. 7129. Aquaculture assistance programs.
Sec. 7130. Repeal of rangeland research programs.
Sec. 7131. Special authorization for biosecurity planning and response.
Sec. 7132. Distance education and resident instruction grants program 
                            for insular area institutions of higher 
                            education.
Sec. 7133. Limitation on designation of entities eligible to receive 
                            funds under a capacity program.
Sec. 7134. Scholarship program for students attending 1890 
                            Institutions.

   Subtitle B--Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990

Sec. 7201. Best utilization of biological applications.
Sec. 7202. Integrated management systems.
Sec. 7203. Sustainable agriculture technology development and transfer 
                            program.
Sec. 7204. National training program.
Sec. 7205. National strategic germplasm and cultivar collection 
                            assessment and utilization plan.
Sec. 7206. National Genetics Resources Program.
Sec. 7207. National Agricultural Weather Information System.
Sec. 7208. Agricultural genome to phenome initiative.
Sec. 7209. High-priority research and extension initiatives.
Sec. 7210. Organic agriculture research and extension initiative.
Sec. 7211. Farm business management.
Sec. 7212. Urban, indoor, and other emerging agricultural production 
                            research, education, and extension 
                            initiative.
Sec. 7213. Centers of excellence at 1890 Institutions.
Sec. 7214. Assistive technology program for farmers with disabilities.
Sec. 7215. National Rural Information Center Clearinghouse.

Subtitle C--Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act 
                                of 1998

Sec. 7301. National food safety training, education, extension, 
                            outreach, and technical assistance program.
Sec. 7302. Integrated research, education, and extension competitive 
                            grants program.
Sec. 7303. Support for research regarding diseases of wheat, triticale, 
                            and barley caused by Fusarium graminearum 
                            or by Tilletia indica.
Sec. 7304. Grants for youth organizations.
Sec. 7305. Specialty crop research initiative.
Sec. 7306. Food Animal Residue Avoidance Database program.
Sec. 7307. Office of Pest Management Policy.
Sec. 7308. Forestry products advanced utilization research.

                         Subtitle D--Other Laws

Sec. 7401. Critical Agricultural Materials Act.
Sec. 7402. Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994.
Sec. 7403. Research Facilities Act.
Sec. 7404. Agricultural and food research initiative.
Sec. 7405. Extension design and demonstration initiative.
Sec. 7406. Renewable Resources Extension Act of 1978.
Sec. 7407. National Aquaculture Act of 1980.
Sec. 7408. Repeal of review of Agricultural Research Service.
Sec. 7409. Biomass research and development.
Sec. 7410. Reinstatement of matching requirement for Federal funds used 
                            in extension work at the University of the 
                            District of Columbia.
Sec. 7411. Enhanced use lease authority pilot program.
Sec. 7412. Transfer of administrative jurisdiction over portion of 
                            Henry A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural 
                            Research Center, Beltsville, Maryland.
Sec. 7413. Foundation for food and agriculture research.
Sec. 7414. Assistance for forestry research under the McIntire-Stennis 
                            Cooperative Forestry Act.
Sec. 7415. Legitimacy of industrial hemp research.
Sec. 7416. Collection of data relating to barley area planted and 
                            harvested.
Sec. 7417. Collection of data relating to the size and location of 
                            dairy farms.
Sec. 7418. Agriculture innovation center demonstration program.
Sec. 7419. Smith-Lever community extension program.

         Subtitle E--Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008

                     PART I--Agricultural Security

Sec. 7501. Agricultural biosecurity communication center.
Sec. 7502. Assistance to build local capacity in agricultural 
                            biosecurity planning, preparation, and 
                            response.
Sec. 7503. Research and development of agricultural countermeasures.
Sec. 7504. Agricultural biosecurity grant program.

                   PART II--Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 7511. Farm and Ranch Stress Assistance Network.
Sec. 7512. Natural products research program.
Sec. 7513. Sun grant program.
Sec. 7514. Mechanization and automation for specialty crops.

                 Subtitle F--Matching Funds Requirement

Sec. 7601. Matching funds requirement.

                          TITLE VIII--FORESTRY

        Subtitle A--Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978

Sec. 8101. State and private forest landscape-scale restoration 
                            program.

 Subtitle B--Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Research Act of 
                                  1978

Sec. 8201. Repeal of recycling research.
Sec. 8202. Repeal of forestry student grant program.

        Subtitle C--Global Climate Change Prevention Act of 1990

Sec. 8301. Repeals.

          Subtitle D--Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003

Sec. 8401. Promoting cross-boundary wildfire mitigation.
Sec. 8402. Authorization of appropriations for hazardous fuel reduction 
                            on Federal land.
Sec. 8403. Repeal of biomass commercial utilization grant program.
Sec. 8404. Water Source Protection Program.
Sec. 8405. Watershed Condition Framework.
Sec. 8406. Authorization of appropriations to combat insect 
                            infestations and related diseases.
Sec. 8407. Healthy Forests Reserve Program reauthorization.
Sec. 8408. Authorization of appropriations for designation of treatment 
                            areas.
Sec. 8409. Administrative review of collaborative restoration projects.

    Subtitle E--Repeal or Reauthorization of Miscellaneous Forestry 
                                Programs

Sec. 8501. Repeal of revision of strategic plan for forest inventory 
                            and analysis.
Sec. 8502. Semiarid agroforestry research center.
Sec. 8503. National Forest Foundation Act.
Sec. 8504. Conveyance of Forest Service administrative sites.

                     Subtitle F--Forest Management

Sec. 8601. Definitions.

     PART I--Expedited Environmental Analysis and Availability of 
    Categorical Exclusions to Expedite Forest Management Activities

Sec. 8611. Categorical exclusion for greater sage-grouse and mule deer 
                            habitat.

          PART II--Miscellaneous Forest Management Activities

Sec. 8621. Additional authority for sale or exchange of small parcels 
                            of National Forest System land.
Sec. 8622. Forest Service participation in ACES program.
Sec. 8623. Authorization for lease of Forest Service sites.
Sec. 8624. Good neighbor authority.
Sec. 8625. Wildland-urban interface.
Sec. 8626. Chattahoochee-Oconee National Forest land adjustment.
Sec. 8627. Tennessee wilderness.
Sec. 8628. Additions to Rough Mountain and Rich Hole Wildernesses.
Sec. 8629. Kisatchie National Forest land conveyance.
Sec. 8630. Purchase of Natural Resources Conservation Service property, 
                            Riverside County, California.
Sec. 8631. Collaborative Forest Landscape Restoration Program.
Sec. 8632. Utility infrastructure rights-of-way vegetation management 
                            pilot program.
Sec. 8633. Okhissa Lake rural economic development land conveyance.
Sec. 8634. Prairie dogs.

                      PART III--Timber Innovation

Sec. 8641. Definitions.
Sec. 8642. Clarification of research and development program for wood 
                            building construction.
Sec. 8643. Wood innovation grant program.

                            TITLE IX--ENERGY

Sec. 9101. Definitions.
Sec. 9102. Biobased markets program.
Sec. 9103. Biorefinery assistance.
Sec. 9104. Repowering assistance program.
Sec. 9105. Bioenergy program for advanced biofuel.
Sec. 9106. Biodiesel fuel education program.
Sec. 9107. Rural Energy for America Program.
Sec. 9108. Rural energy self-sufficiency initiative.
Sec. 9109. Feedstock flexibility program for bioenergy producers.
Sec. 9110. Biomass Crop Assistance Program.
Sec. 9011. Biogas research and adoption of biogas systems.
Sec. 9112. Community Wood Energy Program.
Sec. 9113. Carbon utilization education program.

                         TITLE X--HORTICULTURE

Sec. 10101. Specialty crops market news allocation.
Sec. 10102. Local Agriculture Market Program.
Sec. 10103. Organic production and market data initiatives.
Sec. 10104. Organic certification.
Sec. 10105. National organic certification cost-share program.
Sec. 10106. Food safety education initiatives.
Sec. 10107. Specialty crop block grants.
Sec. 10108. Plant variety protection.
Sec. 10109. Multiple crop and pesticide use survey.
Sec. 10110. Clarification of use of funds for technical assistance.
Sec. 10111. Hemp production.
Sec. 10112. Rule of construction.

                        TITLE XI--CROP INSURANCE

Sec. 11101. Definitions.
Sec. 11102. Data collection.
Sec. 11103. Sharing of records.
Sec. 11104. Use of resources.
Sec. 11105. Specialty crops.
Sec. 11106. Insurance period.
Sec. 11107. Cover crops.
Sec. 11108. Underserved producers.
Sec. 11109. Expansion of performance-based discount.
Sec. 11110. Enterprise units.
Sec. 11111. Pasture, rangeland, and forage policy for members of Indian 
                            tribes.
Sec. 11112. Submission of policies and materials to board.
Sec. 11113. Whole farm revenue agent incentives.
Sec. 11114. Crop production on native sod.
Sec. 11115. Use of national agricultural statistics service data to 
                            combat waste, fraud, and abuse.
Sec. 11116. Submission of information to corporation.
Sec. 11117. Acreage report streamlining initiative.
Sec. 11118. Continuing education for loss adjusters and agents.
Sec. 11119. Funding for information technology.
Sec. 11120. Agricultural commodity.
Sec. 11121. Reimbursement of research, development, and maintenance 
                            costs.
Sec. 11122. Research and development authority.
Sec. 11123. Education assistance.
Sec. 11124. Cropland report annual updates.

                        TITLE XII--MISCELLANEOUS

                         Subtitle A--Livestock

Sec. 12101. Sheep production and marketing grant program.
Sec. 12102. National animal health laboratory network.
Sec. 12103. National Animal Disease Preparedness, Response, and 
                            Recovery Program; National Animal Vaccine 
                            and Veterinary Countermeasures Bank.
Sec. 12104. Study on livestock dealer statutory trust.
Sec. 12105. Definition of livestock.

                Subtitle B--Agriculture and Food Defense

Sec. 12201. Repeal of Office of Homeland Security.
Sec. 12202. Office of Homeland Security.
Sec. 12203. Agriculture and food defense.
Sec. 12204. Biological agents and toxins list.
Sec. 12205. Authorization of appropriations.

             Subtitle C--Historically Underserved Producers

Sec. 12301. Farming opportunities training and outreach.
Sec. 12302. Urban agriculture.
Sec. 12303. Office of Advocacy and Outreach.
Sec. 12304. Tribal Advisory Committee.
Sec. 12305. Experienced services program.
Sec. 12306. Youth outreach and beginning farmer coordination.
Sec. 12307. Availability of Department of Agriculture programs for 
                            veteran farmers and ranchers.

   Subtitle D--Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 
                               Amendments

Sec. 12401. Office of Congressional Relations and Intergovernmental 
                            Affairs.
Sec. 12402. Military Veterans Agricultural Liaison.
Sec. 12403. Civil rights analyses.
Sec. 12404. Farm Service Agency.
Sec. 12405. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Farm Production and 
                            Conservation.
Sec. 12406. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Rural Development.
Sec. 12407. Administrator of the Rural Utilities Service.
Sec. 12408. Rural Health Liaison.
Sec. 12409. Healthy Food Financing Initiative.
Sec. 12410. Natural Resources Conservation Service.
Sec. 12411. Office of the Chief Scientist.
Sec. 12412. Trade and foreign agricultural affairs.
Sec. 12413. Repeals.
Sec. 12414. Technical corrections.
Sec. 12415. Effect of subtitle.
Sec. 12416. Termination of authority.

               Subtitle E--Other Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 12501. Acer access and development program.
Sec. 12502. South Carolina inclusion in Virginia/Carolina peanut 
                            producing region.
Sec. 12503. Pet and Women Safety.
Sec. 12504. Data on conservation practices.
Sec. 12505. Marketing orders.
Sec. 12506. Study on food waste.
Sec. 12507. Report on business centers.
Sec. 12508. Information technology modernization.
Sec. 12509. Report on personnel.
Sec. 12510. Report on absent landlords.
Sec. 12511. Restriction on use of certain poisons for predator control.
Sec. 12512. Century farms program.
Sec. 12513. Report on the importation of live dogs.
Sec. 12514. Establishment of technical assistance program.
Sec. 12515. Promise Zones.
Sec. 12516. Precision agriculture connectivity.
Sec. 12517. Improved soil moisture and precipitation monitoring.
Sec. 12518. Study of marketplace fraud of unique traditional foods.

                     Subtitle F--General Provisions

Sec. 12601. Expedited exportation of certain species.
Sec. 12602. Baiting of migratory game birds.
Sec. 12603. Pima agriculture cotton trust fund.
Sec. 12604. Agriculture wool apparel manufacturers trust fund.
Sec. 12605. Wool research and promotion.
Sec. 12606. Emergency Citrus Disease Research and Development Trust 
                            Fund.
Sec. 12607. Extension of merchandise processing fees.
Sec. 12608. Conforming changes to Controlled Substances Act.

SEC. 2. DEFINITION OF SECRETARY.

    In this Act, the term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
Agriculture.

                          TITLE I--COMMODITIES

                      Subtitle A--Commodity Policy

SEC. 1101. PAYMENT ACRES.

    Section 1114(e) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9014(e)) 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Recalculation of base acres.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If the Secretary recalculates 
                base acres for a farm while a farm is engaged in 
                planting and production of fruits, vegetables, or wild 
                rice on base acres for which a reduction in payment 
                acres was made under this subsection, that planting and 
                production shall be considered to be the same as the 
                planting and production of a covered commodity.
                    ``(B) Prohibition.--Nothing in this paragraph 
                provides authority for the Secretary to recalculate 
                base acres for a farm.''.

SEC. 1102. PRODUCER ELECTION.

    Section 1115 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9015) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``Except as provided in subsection (g), for 
        the 2014 through 2018 crop years'' and inserting ``For the 2014 
        through 2018 crop years (except as provided in subsection (g)) 
        and for the 2019 through 2023 crop years'';
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                inserting ``or the 2019 crop year, as applicable'' 
                after ``2014 crop year'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or the 2019 
                crop year, as applicable,'' after ``2014 crop year''; 
                and
                    (C) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``elected price'' and 
                        inserting the following: ``elected, as 
                        applicable--
                    ``(A) price''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A) (as so 
                        designated), by striking the period at the end 
                        and inserting the following: ``; and
                    ``(B) county coverage for all covered commodities 
                on the farm for the 2020 through 2023 crop years.''; 
                and
            (3) in subsection (g)(1), by inserting ``for the 2018 crop 
        year,'' before ``all of the producers''.

SEC. 1103. PRICE LOSS COVERAGE.

    Section 1116 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9016) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsections (a) and (d) by striking ``2018'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``2023''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and indenting 
                appropriately;
                    (B) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) (as so 
                redesignated), by striking ``The payment'' and 
                inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--The payment''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Announcement.--Not later than 30 days after the end 
        of each applicable 12-month marketing year for each covered 
        commodity, the Secretary shall publish the payment rate 
        determined under paragraph (1).''.

SEC. 1104. AGRICULTURE RISK COVERAGE.

    Section 1117 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9017) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1)--
                    (A) by inserting ``(beginning with the 2019 crop 
                year, based on the physical location of the farm)'' 
                after ``payments''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``or the 2019 through 2023 crop 
                years, as applicable'' after ``2014 through 2018 crop 
                years'';
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``paragraph (4)'' and inserting ``paragraphs 
                        (4) and (5)''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``(5)'' and inserting ``(6)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by striking 
                        ``(5)'' and inserting ``(6)''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                        ``2018'' and inserting ``2023'';
                    (C) in paragraph (4)--
                            (i) by striking ``If'' and inserting 
                        ``Effective for the 2019 through 2023 crop 
                        years, if''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``70 percent'' each place 
                        it appears and inserting ``75 percent'';
                    (D) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph 
                (6); and
                    (E) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
            ``(5) Trend-adjusted yield.--The Secretary shall calculate 
        and use a trend-adjusted yield factor to adjust the yield 
        determined under paragraph (2)(A) and subsection (b)(1)(A), 
        taking into consideration, but not exceeding, the trend-
        adjusted yield factor that is used to increase yield history 
        under the endorsement under the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 
        U.S.C. 1501 et seq.) for that crop and county.'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by redesignating 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B) as clauses (i) and (ii), 
                respectively, and indenting appropriately;
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and indenting 
                appropriately;
                    (C) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) (as so 
                redesignated), by striking ``The payment'' and 
                inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--The payment''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Announcement.--Not later than 30 days after the end 
        of each applicable 12-month marketing year for each covered 
        commodity, the Secretary shall publish the payment rate 
        determined under paragraph (1) for each county.'';
            (4) in subsection (e), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023'';
            (5) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' after the 
                semicolon at the end;
                    (B) in paragraph (4)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A), by inserting ``effective for the 2014 
                        through 2018 crop years,'' before ``in the case 
                        of''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) effective for the 2019 through 2023 crop years, in 
        the case of county coverage--
                    ``(A) effective beginning with actual county yields 
                for the 2019 crop year, assign an actual county yield 
                for each planted acre for the crop year for the covered 
                commodity by giving priority to--
                            ``(i) the use of actual county yields in, 
                        to the maximum extent practicable, a single 
                        source of data that provides the greatest 
                        national coverage of county-level data;
                            ``(ii) the use of a source of data that may 
                        be used to determine an average actual county 
                        yield under subsection (b)(1)(A) and an average 
                        historical county yield under subsection 
                        (c)(2)(A) for the same county; and
                            ``(iii) in the case of a county not 
                        included in any source of data described in 
                        clauses (i) and (ii), the use of--
                                    ``(I) other sources of county yield 
                                information; or
                                    ``(II) the yield history of 
                                representative farms in the State, 
                                region, or crop reporting district, as 
                                determined by the Secretary; and
                    ``(B) in the case of a farm that has a tract with 
                base acres and that tract crosses a county boundary--
                            ``(i) prorate the base acres based on the 
                        quantity of cropland of the tract in each 
                        county; and
                            ``(ii) calculate any crop revenue on the 
                        basis described in clause (i).''; and
            (6) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Publications.--
            ``(1) County guarantee.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For each crop year for a covered 
                commodity, the Secretary shall publish information 
                describing, for that crop year for the covered 
                commodity in each county--
                            ``(i) the agriculture risk coverage 
                        guarantee for county coverage determined under 
                        subsection (c)(1);
                            ``(ii) the average historical county yield 
                        determined under subsection (c)(2)(A); and
                            ``(iii) the national average market price 
                        determined under subsection (c)(2)(B).
                    ``(B) Timing.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                        clauses (ii) and (iii), not later than 30 days 
                        after the end of each applicable 12-month 
                        marketing year, the Secretary shall publish the 
                        information described in subparagraph (A).
                            ``(ii) Insufficient data.--In the case of a 
                        covered commodity, such as temperate japonica 
                        rice, for which the Secretary cannot determine 
                        the national average market price for the most 
                        recent 12-month marketing year by the date 
                        described in clause (i) due to insufficient 
                        reporting of timely pricing data by 1 or more 
                        nongovernmental entities, including a marketing 
                        cooperative for the covered commodity, as soon 
                        as practicable after the pricing data is made 
                        available, the Secretary shall publish 
                        information describing--
                                    ``(I) the agriculture risk coverage 
                                guarantee under subparagraph (A)(i); 
                                and
                                    ``(II) the national average market 
                                price under subparagraph (A)(iii).
                            ``(iii) Transition.--Not later than 60 days 
                        after the date of enactment of the Agriculture 
                        Improvement Act of 2018, the Secretary shall 
                        publish the information described in 
                        subparagraph (A) for the 2018 crop year.
            ``(2) Actual average county yield.--As soon as practicable 
        after each crop year, the Secretary shall determine and publish 
        each actual average county yield for each covered commodity, as 
        determined under subsection (b)(1)(A).
            ``(3) Data sources for county yields.--For the 2018 crop 
        year and each crop year thereafter, the Secretary shall make 
        publicly available information describing, for the most recent 
        crop year--
                    ``(A) the sources of data used to calculate county 
                yields under subsection (c)(2)(A) for each covered 
                commodity--
                            ``(i) by county; and
                            ``(ii) nationally; and
                    ``(B) the number and outcome of occurrences in 
                which the Farm Service Agency reviewed, changed, or 
                determined not to change a source of data used to 
                calculate county yields under subsection (c)(2)(A).''.

SEC. 1105. REPEAL OF TRANSITION ASSISTANCE FOR PRODUCERS OF UPLAND 
              COTTON.

    Section 1119 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9019) is 
repealed.

                      Subtitle B--Marketing Loans

SEC. 1201. EXTENSIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 1201(b)(1) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
(7 U.S.C. 9031(b)(1)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.
    (b) Loan Rates.--Section 1202(a) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 
U.S.C. 9032(a)) is amended by striking ``2018'' each place it appears 
and inserting ``2023''.
    (c) Repayment.--Section 1204(e)(2)(B) of the Agricultural Act of 
2014 (7 U.S.C. 9034(e)(2)(B)) is amended by striking ``2019'' and 
inserting ``2024''.
    (d) Loan Deficiency Payments.--
            (1) Extension.--Section 1205(a)(2)(B) of the Agricultural 
        Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9035(a)(2)(B)) is amended by striking 
        ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
            (2) Payments in lieu of ldps.--Section 1206 of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9036) is amended in 
        subsections (a) and (d) by striking ``2018'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``2023''.
            (3) Special competitive provisions.--Section 1208(a) of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9038(a)) is amended in the 
        matter preceding paragraph (1) by striking ``2019'' and 
        inserting ``2024''.
            (4) Availability of recourse loans.--Section 1209 of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9039) is amended in 
        subsections (a)(2) and (b) by striking ``2018'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 1202. REPEAL; UNSHORN PELTS.

    Section 1205 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9035) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
                    (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``Unshorn 
                pelts, hay,'' and inserting ``Hay'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``nongraded 
                wool in the form of unshorn pelts and''; and
                    (C) in subparagraph (B) (as amended by section 
                1201(d)(1)), by striking ``unshorn pelts or''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (2); and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph 
                (2).

SEC. 1203. ECONOMIC ADJUSTMENT ASSISTANCE FOR UPLAND COTTON USERS.

    (a) 2008 Authority.--Section 1207 of the Food, Conservation, and 
Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8737) is amended by striking subsection 
(c).
    (b) 2014 Authority.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1207 of the Agricultural Act of 
        2014 (7 U.S.C. 9037) is amended by striking subsection (c).
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 1614(d)(1) of the 
        Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9097(d)(1)) is amended by 
        striking ``sections 1207(c) and'' and inserting ``section''.

                           Subtitle C--Sugar

SEC. 1301. SUGAR PROGRAM.

    (a) Extension.--Section 156 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement 
and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7272) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(4), by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023''; and
            (3) in subsection (i), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''.
    (b) Allotments.--
            (1) Estimates.--Section 359b(a)(1) of the Agricultural 
        Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 1359bb(a)(1)) is amended in 
        the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023''.
            (2) Effective period.--Section 359l(a) of the Agricultural 
        Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 1359ll(a)) is amended by 
        striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

                           Subtitle D--Dairy

                      PART I--DAIRY RISK COVERAGE

SEC. 1401. DAIRY RISK COVERAGE.

    (a) Dairy Risk Coverage.--Part I of subtitle D of title I of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9051 et seq.) is amended in the part 
heading by striking ``margin protection program'' and inserting ``dairy 
risk coverage''.
    (b) Definitions.--Section 1401 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 
U.S.C. 9051) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (5)--
                    (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``Margin 
                protection program'' and inserting ``Dairy risk 
                coverage'';
                    (B) by striking ``margin protection program'' the 
                first place it appears and inserting ``dairy risk 
                coverage''; and
                    (C) by striking ``the margin protection program'' 
                and inserting ``dairy risk coverage'';
            (2) in paragraph (6)--
                    (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``Margin 
                protection program'' and inserting ``Dairy risk 
                coverage'';
                    (B) by striking ``margin protection program'' the 
                first place it appears and inserting ``dairy risk 
                coverage''; and
                    (C) by striking ``the margin protection program 
                pursuant to''; and
            (3) in paragraphs (7) and (8), by striking ``the margin 
        protection program'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``dairy risk coverage''.
    (c) Calculation of Actual Dairy Production Margin.--Section 
1402(b)(1) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9052(b)(1)) is 
amended in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by striking ``the 
margin protection program'' and inserting ``dairy risk coverage''.
    (d) Dairy Risk Coverage Administration.--Section 1403 of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9053) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1403. DAIRY RISK COVERAGE ADMINISTRATION.

    ``(a) In General.--Beginning with the 2019 calendar year, the 
Secretary shall administer dairy risk coverage under which 
participating dairy operations are paid a dairy risk coverage payment 
when actual dairy production margins are less than the threshold levels 
for a dairy risk coverage payment.
    ``(b) Regulations.--Subpart A of part 1430 of title 7, Code of 
Federal Regulations (as in effect on the date of enactment of the 
Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018), shall remain in effect for dairy 
risk coverage beginning with the 2019 calendar year, except to the 
extent that the regulations are inconsistent with any provision of this 
Act.''.
    (e) Participation of Dairy Operations in Dairy Risk Coverage.--
Section 1404 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9054) is 
amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``margin protection 
        program'' and inserting ``dairy risk coverage'';
            (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``the margin'' and all 
        that follows through ``payments'' and inserting ``dairy risk 
        coverage to receive dairy risk coverage payments'';
            (3) in subsection (b), in each of paragraphs (1), (3), and 
        (4), by striking ``the margin protection program'' and 
        inserting ``dairy risk coverage'';
            (4) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraphs (1)(A) and (3), by striking ``the 
                margin protection program'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``dairy risk coverage''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``of the 
                margin protection program''; and
            (5) in subsection (d), by striking ``the margin protection 
        program'' and inserting ``dairy risk coverage''.
    (f) Production History of Participating Dairy Operations.--Section 
1405 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9055) is amended--
            (1) in subsections (a) and (c), by striking ``the margin 
        protection program'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``dairy risk coverage''; and
            (2) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``In subsequent 
        years'' and inserting ``During each of the 2014 through 2019 
        calendar years''.
    (g) Dairy Risk Coverage Payments.--Section 1406 of the Agricultural 
Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9056) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``margin 
        protection'' and inserting ``dairy risk coverage'';
            (2) by striking ``margin protection'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``dairy risk coverage'';
            (3) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``to $4.00'' and inserting 
                        the following: ``to--
                    ``(A) $4.00''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) in the case of production subject to premiums 
                under section 1407(b), any amount described in 
                subparagraph (A), $8.50, or $9.00; and''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``beginning with 
                25 percent and not exceeding'' and inserting ``that 
                does not exceed''; and
            (4) in subsection (c), in the subsection heading, by 
        striking ``Margin Protection'' and inserting ``Dairy Risk 
        Coverage''.
    (h) Premiums for Dairy Risk Coverage.--Section 1407 of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9057) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``margin protection 
        program'' and inserting ``dairy risk coverage'';
            (2) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``the margin protection program'' and 
        inserting ``dairy risk coverage'';
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``Except as'' and all that 
                        follows through ``the'' and inserting ``The'';
                            (ii) by striking ``None'' the second place 
                        it appears and inserting ``$0.005'';
                            (iii) by striking ``None'' the third place 
                        it appears and inserting ``$0.01'';
                            (iv) by striking ``$0.009'' and inserting 
                        ``$0.02'';
                            (v) by striking ``$0.016'' and inserting 
                        ``$0.04'';
                            (vi) by striking ``$0.040'' and inserting 
                        ``$0.07'';
                            (vii) by striking ``$0.063'' and inserting 
                        ``$0.10'';
                            (viii) by striking ``$0.087'' and inserting 
                        ``$0.12'';
                            (ix) by striking ``$0.142'' and inserting 
                        ``$0.14''; and
                            (x) by adding at the end of the table the 
                        following:


                     ``$8.50                                $0.16
                       $9.00                         $0.18''; and
 

                    (B) by striking paragraph (3);
            (4) in subsection (c)(2)--
                    (A) by striking ``$0.020'' and inserting 
                ``$0.048'';
                    (B) by striking ``$0.040'' and inserting 
                ``$0.096'';
                    (C) by striking ``$0.100'' and inserting 
                ``$0.144'';
                    (D) by striking ``$0.155'' and inserting ``$0.24'';
                    (E) by striking ``$0.290'' and inserting ``$0.42'';
                    (F) by striking ``$0.830'' and inserting ``$1.08'';
                    (G) by striking ``$1.060'' and inserting ``$1.32''; 
                and
                    (H) by striking ``$1.360'' and inserting ``$1.68'';
            (5) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``the margin 
                protection program'' and inserting ``dairy risk 
                coverage''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``A participating 
                dairy operation in the margin protection program'' and 
                inserting ``A dairy operation participating in dairy 
                risk coverage''; and
            (6) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Small and Medium Farm Discount.--The premium per 
hundredweight specified in the tables contained in subsections (b) and 
(c) for each coverage level shall be reduced by--
            ``(1) 50 percent for a participating dairy operation with a 
        production history that is less than 2,000,000 pounds; and
            ``(2) 25 percent for a participating dairy operation with a 
        production history that is not less than 2,000,000 pounds and 
        not greater than 10,000,000 pounds.
    ``(g) Repayment of Premiums.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall repay to dairy 
        operations that participated in the margin protection program, 
        as in effect for each of calendar years 2015 through 2017, an 
        amount equal to the difference between--
                    ``(A) the total amount of premiums paid by 
                participating dairy operations under this section for 
                the applicable calendar year; and
                    ``(B) the sum obtained by adding--
                            ``(i) the total amount of payments made to 
                        participating dairy operations under section 
                        1406 for that calendar year; and
                            ``(ii) the costs of carrying out the margin 
                        protection program for that calendar year.
            ``(2) Applicability.--Paragraph (1) shall only apply to a 
        calendar year for which the amount described in subparagraph 
        (A) of that paragraph is greater than the amount described in 
        subparagraph (B) of that paragraph.
            ``(3) Allocation of payments.--A repayment to a 
        participating dairy operation under paragraph (1) shall be 
        based on the proportion that--
                    ``(A) the amount of premiums paid by the 
                participating dairy operation under this section for 
                the applicable calendar year; bears to
                    ``(B) the total amount of premiums paid by 
                participating dairy operations under this section for 
                that calendar year.
            ``(4) Reduction for payments received.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A repayment to a participating 
                dairy operation under paragraph (1) for a calendar year 
                shall be an amount equal to the difference between--
                            ``(i) the amount of the repayment to the 
                        participating dairy operation determined under 
                        paragraph (3) for the calendar year; and
                            ``(ii) the amount of payments made to the 
                        participating dairy operation under section 
                        1406 for the calendar year.
                    ``(B) Applicability.--No payment shall be required 
                under this subsection in the case of an amount 
                determined under subparagraph (A) that is less than or 
                equal to zero.''.
    (i) Effect of Failure to Pay Administrative Fees or Premiums.--
Section 1408 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9058) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``margin protection'' 
        and inserting ``dairy risk coverage''; and
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``the margin protection 
        program'' and inserting ``dairy risk coverage''.
    (j) Duration.--Section 1409 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 
U.S.C. 9059) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``The margin protection program'' and 
        inserting ``Dairy risk coverage''; and
            (2) by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
    (k) Administration and Enforcement.--Section 1410 of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9060) is amended--
            (1) in subsections (a) and (c), by striking ``the margin 
        protection program'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``dairy risk coverage''; and
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``margin protection'' 
        and inserting ``dairy risk coverage''.

      PART II--REAUTHORIZATIONS AND OTHER DAIRY-RELATED PROVISIONS

SEC. 1411. REAUTHORIZATIONS.

    (a) Forward Pricing.--Section 1502(e) of the Food, Conservation, 
and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8772(e)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2021'' and inserting 
        ``2026''.
    (b) Indemnity Program.--Section 3 of Public Law 90-484 (7 U.S.C. 
4553) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
    (c) Promotion and Research.--Section 113(e)(2) of the Dairy 
Production Stabilization Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 4504(e)(2)) is amended 
by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 1412. CLASS I SKIM MILK PRICE.

    (a) Class I Skim Milk Price.--Section 8c(5)(A) of the Agricultural 
Adjustment Act (7 U.S.C. 608c(5)(A)), reenacted with amendments by the 
Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, is amended by striking 
``Throughout'' in the third sentence and all that follows through the 
period at the end of the fourth sentence and inserting ``Throughout the 
2-year period beginning on the effective date of this sentence (and 
subsequent to such 2-year period unless modified by amendment to the 
order involved), for purposes of determining prices for milk of the 
highest use classification, the Class I skim milk price per 
hundredweight specified in section 1000.50(b) of title 7, Code of 
Federal Regulations (or successor regulations), shall be the sum of the 
adjusted Class I differential specified in section 1000.52 of such 
title 7 (or successor regulations), plus the adjustment to Class I 
prices specified in sections 1005.51(b), 1006.51(b), and 1007.51(b) of 
such title 7 (or successor regulations), plus the simple average of the 
advanced pricing factors computed in sections 1000.50(q)(1) and 
1000.50(q)(2) of such title 7 (or successor regulations), plus 
$0.74.''.
    (b) Effective Date and Implementation.--
            (1) Effective date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
        shall take effect on the first day of the first month beginning 
        more than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act.
            (2) Implementation.--Implementation of the amendment made 
        by subsection (a) shall not be subject to any of the following:
                    (A) The notice and comment provisions of section 
                553 of title 5, United States Code.
                    (B) The notice and hearing requirements of section 
                8c(3) of the Agricultural Adjustment Act (7 U.S.C. 
                608c(3)), reenacted with amendments by the Agricultural 
                Marketing Agreement Act of 1937.
                    (C) The order amendment requirements of section 
                8c(17) of that Act (7 U.S.C. 608c(17)).
                    (D) A referendum under section 8c(19) of that Act 
                (7 U.S.C. 608c(19)).

SEC. 1413. MILK DONATION PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Part III of subtitle D of title I of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9071) is amended to read as follows:

                   ``PART III--MILK DONATION PROGRAM

``SEC. 1431. MILK DONATION PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Eligible dairy organization.--The term `eligible 
        dairy organization' means a dairy farmer (either individually 
        or as part of a cooperative), or a dairy processor, who--
                    ``(A) accounts to a Federal milk marketing order 
                marketwide pool; and
                    ``(B) incurs qualified expenses under subsection 
                (e).
            ``(2) Eligible distributor.--The term `eligible 
        distributor' means a public or private nonprofit organization 
        that distributes donated eligible milk.
            ``(3) Eligible milk.--The term `eligible milk' means Class 
        I fluid milk products produced and processed in the United 
        States.
            ``(4) Eligible partnership.--The term `eligible 
        partnership' means a partnership between an eligible dairy 
        organization and an eligible distributor.
            ``(5) Participating partnership.--The term `participating 
        partnership' means an eligible partnership for which the 
        Secretary has approved a donation and distribution plan for 
        eligible milk under subsection (c)(2).
    ``(b) Program Required; Purposes.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the 
Secretary shall establish and administer a milk donation program for 
the purposes of--
            ``(1) encouraging the donation of eligible milk;
            ``(2) providing nutrition assistance to individuals in low-
        income groups; and
            ``(3) reducing food waste.
    ``(c) Donation and Distribution Plans.--
            ``(1) In general.--To be eligible to receive reimbursement 
        under subsection (d), an eligible partnership shall submit to 
        the Secretary a donation and distribution plan that--
                    ``(A) describes the process that the eligible 
                partnership will use for the donation, processing, 
                transportation, temporary storage, and distribution of 
                eligible milk;
                    ``(B) includes an estimate of the quantity of 
                eligible milk that the eligible partnership will donate 
                each year, based on--
                            ``(i) preplanned donations; and
                            ``(ii) contingency plans to address 
                        unanticipated donations; and
                    ``(C) describes the rate at which the eligible 
                partnership will be reimbursed, which shall be based on 
                a percentage of the limitation described in subsection 
                (e)(2).
            ``(2) Review and approval.--Not less frequently than 
        annually, the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) review donation and distribution plans 
                submitted under paragraph (1); and
                    ``(B) determine whether to approve or disapprove 
                each of those donation and distribution plans.
    ``(d) Reimbursement.--
            ``(1) In general.--On receipt of appropriate documentation 
        under paragraph (2), the Secretary shall reimburse an eligible 
        dairy organization that is a member of a participating 
        partnership on a regular basis for qualified expenses described 
        in subsection (e).
            ``(2) Documentation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An eligible dairy organization 
                shall submit to the Secretary such documentation as the 
                Secretary may require to demonstrate the qualified 
                expenses described in subsection (e) of the eligible 
                dairy organization.
                    ``(B) Verification.--The Secretary may verify the 
                accuracy of documentation submitted under subparagraph 
                (A) by spot checks and audits.
            ``(3) Retroactive reimbursement.--In providing 
        reimbursements under paragraph (1), the Secretary may provide 
        reimbursements for qualified expenses incurred before the date 
        on which the donation and distribution plan for the applicable 
        participating partnership was approved by the Secretary.
    ``(e) Qualified Expenses.--
            ``(1) In general.--The amount of a reimbursement under 
        subsection (d) shall be an amount equal to the product of--
                    ``(A) the quantity of eligible milk donated by the 
                eligible dairy organization under a donation and 
                distribution plan approved by the Secretary under 
                subsection (c); and
                    ``(B) subject to the limitation under paragraph 
                (2), the rate described in that donation and 
                distribution plan under subsection (c)(1)(C).
            ``(2) Limitation.--Expenses eligible for reimbursement 
        under subsection (d) shall not exceed the value that an 
        eligible dairy organization incurred by accounting to the 
        Federal milk marketing order pool at the difference in the 
        Class I milk value and the lowest classified price for the 
        applicable month (either Class III milk or Class IV milk).
    ``(f) Preapproval.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) establish a process for an eligible 
                partnership to apply for preapproval of donation and 
                distribution plans under subsection (c); and
                    ``(B) not less frequently than annually, preapprove 
                an amount for qualified expenses described in 
                subsection (e) that the Secretary will allocate for 
                reimbursement under each donation and distribution plan 
                preapproved under subparagraph (A), based on an 
                assessment of--
                            ``(i) the feasibility of the plan; and
                            ``(ii) the extent to which the plan 
                        advances the purposes described in subsection 
                        (b).
            ``(2) Preference.--In preapproving amounts for 
        reimbursement under paragraph (1)(B), the Secretary shall give 
        preference to eligible partnerships that will provide funding 
        and in-kind contributions in addition to the reimbursements.
            ``(3) Adjustments.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall adjust or 
                increase amounts preapproved for reimbursement under 
                paragraph (1)(B) based on performance and demand.
                    ``(B) Requests for increase.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                        establish a procedure for a participating 
                        partnership to request an increase in the 
                        amount preapproved for reimbursement under 
                        paragraph (1)(B) based on changes in 
                        conditions.
                            ``(ii) Interim approval; incremental 
                        increase.--The Secretary may provide an interim 
                        approval of an increase requested under clause 
                        (i) and an incremental increase in the amount 
                        of reimbursement to the applicable 
                        participating partnership to allow time for the 
                        Secretary to review the request without 
                        interfering with the donation and distribution 
                        of eligible milk by the participating 
                        partnership.
    ``(g) Prohibition on Resale of Products.--
            ``(1) In general.--An eligible distributor that receives 
        eligible milk donated under this section may not sell the 
        products back into commercial markets.
            ``(2) Prohibition on future participation.--An eligible 
        distributor that the Secretary determines has violated 
        paragraph (1) shall not be eligible for any future 
        participation in the program established under this section.
    ``(h) Administration.--The Secretary shall publicize opportunities 
to participate in the program established under this section.
    ``(i) Reviews.--The Secretary shall conduct appropriate reviews or 
audits to ensure the integrity of the program established under this 
section.
    ``(j) Funding.--Of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, 
the Secretary shall use to carry out this section $5,000,000 for fiscal 
year 2019 and each fiscal year thereafter, to remain available until 
expended.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1401 of the Agricultural Act of 
2014 (7 U.S.C. 9051) is amended, in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
by striking ``and part III''.

       Subtitle E--Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance

SEC. 1501. SUPPLEMENTAL AGRICULTURAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Members of Indian Tribes.--Section 1501(a)(1)(B) of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081(a)(1)(B)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating clauses (iii) and (iv) as clauses (iv) 
        and (v), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after clause (ii) the following:
                            ``(iii) an Indian tribe or tribal 
                        organization (as those terms are defined in 
                        section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and 
                        Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304));''.
    (b) Livestock Indemnity Program.--Section 1501(b) of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``cold.'' and 
        inserting ``cold, on the condition that in the case of the 
        death loss of unweaned livestock due to that adverse weather, 
        the Secretary may disregard any management practice, 
        vaccination protocol, or lack of vaccination by the eligible 
        producer on a farm.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Sharing of bison market value data.--To ensure that 
        payments made under this subsection relating to bison are 
        consistent with the market value of bison, the Secretary shall 
        annually seek input and data from the bison industry (including 
        bison producer groups) relating to the market value of 
        bison.''.
    (c) Tree Assistance Program.--Section 1501(e) of the Agricultural 
Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081(e)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
        (A), by striking ``paragraph (4)'' and inserting ``paragraphs 
        (4) and (5)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Payment rate for beginning and veteran producers.--
        Subject to paragraph (4), in the case of a beginning farmer or 
        rancher or a veteran farmer or rancher (as those terms are 
        defined in section 2501(a) of the Food, Agriculture, 
        Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(a)) that is 
        eligible to receive assistance under this subsection, the 
        Secretary shall provide reimbursement of 75 percent of the 
        costs under subparagraphs (A)(i) and (B) of paragraph (3).''.

                 Subtitle F--Noninsured Crop Assistance

SEC. 1601. NONINSURED CROP ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 196 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act 
of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7333) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by adding at the end the 
                following:
                    ``(C) Data collection and sharing.--The Secretary 
                shall coordinate with the Administrator of the Risk 
                Management Agency on the type and format of data 
                received under the noninsured crop disaster assistance 
                program that--
                            ``(i) best facilitates the use of that data 
                        in developing policies or plans of insurance 
                        offered under the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 
                        U.S.C. 1501 et seq.); and
                            ``(ii) ensures the availability of that 
                        data on a regular basis.
                    ``(D) Coordination.--The Secretary shall coordinate 
                between the agencies of the Department that provide 
                programs or services to farmers and ranchers that are 
                potentially eligible for the noninsured crop disaster 
                assistance program under this section--
                            ``(i) to make available coverage under--
                                    ``(I) the fee waiver under 
                                subsection (k)(2); or
                                    ``(II) the premium discount under 
                                subsection (l)(3); and
                            ``(ii) to share eligibility information to 
                        reduce paperwork and avoid duplication.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (B), by striking clause 
                        (i) and inserting the following:
                            ``(i) In general.--
                                    ``(I) Agricultural act of 2014.--As 
                                determined by the Secretary, native sod 
                                acreage that has been tilled for the 
                                production of a covered crop during the 
                                period beginning on February 8, 2014, 
                                and ending on the date of enactment of 
                                the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 
                                shall be subject to 4 cumulative years 
                                of a reduction in benefits under this 
                                section as described in this 
                                subparagraph.
                                    ``(II) Subsequent years.--
                                            ``(aa) Non-hay and non-
                                        forage crops.--During the first 
                                        4 crop years of planting, as 
                                        determined by the Secretary, 
                                        native sod acreage that has 
                                        been tilled for the production 
                                        of a covered crop other than a 
                                        hay or forage crop after the 
                                        date of enactment of the 
                                        Agriculture Improvement Act of 
                                        2018 shall be subject to 4 
                                        cumulative years of a reduction 
                                        in benefits under this section 
                                        as described in this 
                                        subparagraph.
                                            ``(bb) Hay and forage 
                                        crops.--During each crop year 
                                        of planting, as determined by 
                                        the Secretary, native sod 
                                        acreage that has been tilled 
                                        for the production of a hay or 
                                        forage crop after the date of 
                                        enactment of the Agriculture 
                                        Improvement Act of 2018 shall 
                                        be subject to 4 cumulative 
                                        years of a reduction in 
                                        benefits under this section as 
                                        described in this 
                                        subparagraph.'';
                            (ii) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as 
                        subparagraph (D);
                            (iii) by inserting after subparagraph (B) 
                        the following:
                    ``(C) Native sod conversion certification.--
                            ``(i) Certification.--As a condition on the 
                        receipt of benefits under this section, a 
                        producer that has tilled native sod acreage for 
                        the production of an insurable crop as 
                        described in subparagraph (B)(i) shall certify 
                        to the Secretary that acreage using--
                                    ``(I) an acreage report form of the 
                                Farm Service Agency (FSA-578 or any 
                                successor form); and
                                    ``(II) 1 or more maps.
                            ``(ii) Corrections.--Beginning on the date 
                        on which a producer submits a certification 
                        under clause (i), as soon as practicable after 
                        the producer discovers a change in tilled 
                        native sod acreage described in that clause, 
                        the producer shall submit to the Secretary any 
                        appropriate corrections to a form or map 
                        described in subclause (I) or (II) of that 
                        clause.
                            ``(iii) Annual reports.--Not later than 
                        January 1, 2019, and each January 1 thereafter 
                        through January 1, 2023, the Secretary shall 
                        submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the 
                        House of Representatives and the Committee on 
                        Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
                        Senate a report that describes the tilled 
                        native sod acreage that has been certified 
                        under clause (i) in each county and State as of 
                        the date of submission of the report.''; and
                            (iv) in subparagraph (D) (as so 
                        redesignated)--
                                    (I) by striking ``This paragraph'' 
                                and inserting the following:
                            ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), 
                        this paragraph''; and
                                    (II) by adding at the end the 
                                following:
                            ``(ii) Election.--A governor of a State 
                        other than a State described in clause (i) may 
                        elect to have this paragraph apply to the 
                        State.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``not later than 
                30 days'' and inserting ``by an appropriate deadline''; 
                and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Streamlined submission process.--The Secretary shall 
        establish a streamlined process for the submission of records 
        and acreage reports under paragraphs (2) and (3) for--
                    ``(A) diverse production systems such as those 
                typical of urban production systems, other small-scale 
                production systems, and direct-to-consumer production 
                systems; and
                    ``(B) additional coverage under subsection (l)--
                            ``(i) for maximum liabilities not greater 
                        than $100,000; and
                            ``(ii) that is equivalent to the process 
                        described in the regulations for microloan 
                        operating loans under parts 761 and 764 of 
                        title 7, Code of Federal Regulations (as in 
                        effect on the date of enactment of the 
                        Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018).'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) 
                as paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), respectively;
                    (B) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so 
                redesignated) the following:
            ``(1) the producer's share of the total acres devoted to 
        the eligible crop; by''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), by 
                striking ``established yield for the crop'' and 
                inserting ``approved yield for the crop, as determined 
                by the Secretary'';
            (4) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``farm'' and 
                inserting ``approved'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in the second sentence--
                                    (I) by inserting ``approved'' 
                                before ``yield''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``Subject'' and 
                                inserting the following:
                    ``(B) Calculation.--Subject''; and
                            (ii) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (B) (as so designated)--
                                    (I) by striking ``yield coverage'' 
                                and inserting ``an approved yield''; 
                                and
                                    (II) by striking ``The Secretary'' 
                                and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``transitional 
                yield of the producer'' and inserting ``county expected 
                yield'';
            (5) in subsection (i)(2), by striking ``exceed $125,000'' 
        and inserting the following: ``exceed--
                    ``(A) in the case of catastrophic coverage under 
                subsection (c), $125,000; and
                    ``(B) in the case of additional coverage under 
                subsection (l), $300,000'';
            (6) in subsection (k)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``$250'' and 
                inserting ``$325''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) by striking ``$750'' and inserting 
                        ``$825''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``$1,875'' and inserting 
                        ``$1,950''; and
            (7) in subsection (l)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), 
                        (B), and (C) as subparagraphs (B), (C), and 
                        (D), respectively;
                            (ii) by inserting before subparagraph (B) 
                        (as so redesignated) the following:
                    ``(A) the producer's share of the total acres 
                devoted to the crop;''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (C) (as so 
                        redesignated), by inserting ``, contract price, 
                        or other premium price (such as a local, 
                        organic, or direct market price, as elected by 
                        the producer)'' after ``price'';
                    (B) by striking paragraphs (3) and (5); and
                    (C) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph 
                (3).

                       Subtitle G--Administration

SEC. 1701. REGULATIONS.

    Section 1601(c)(2) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
9091(c)(2)) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
        ``title and sections 11003 and 11017'' and inserting ``title, 
        sections 11003 and 11017, title I of the Agriculture 
        Improvement Act of 2018 and the amendments made by that title, 
        and section 10109 of that Act'';
            (2) in subparagraph (A), by adding ``and'' at the end;
            (3) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting a period; and
            (4) by striking subparagraph (C).

SEC. 1702. SUSPENSION OF PERMANENT PRICE SUPPORT AUTHORITY.

    Section 1602 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9092) is 
amended by striking ``2018'' each place it appears and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 1703. IMPLEMENTATION.

    Section 1614 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9097) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Streamlining.--In implementing this title, the Secretary 
shall--
            ``(1) reduce administrative burdens and costs to producers 
        by streamlining and reducing paperwork, forms, and other 
        administrative requirements, including through the 
        implementation of the Acreage Crop Reporting and Streamlining 
        Initiative that, in part, shall ensure that--
                    ``(A) a producer (or an agent of a producer) may 
                report information electronically (including geospatial 
                data) or conventionally to the Department of 
                Agriculture;
                    ``(B) the Department of Agriculture collects and 
                collates producer information that allows cross-agency 
                collation, including by--
                            ``(i) using farm numbers, common-land-unit 
                        identifiers, or other common identifiers to 
                        enable data across the farm production and 
                        conservation mission area to be collated by 
                        farm, field, and operator or owner;
                            ``(ii) recording and making available data 
                        at the smallest possible unit, such as field-
                        level; and
                            ``(iii) harmonizing methods for determining 
                        yields and property descriptions; and
                    ``(C) on the request of the producer (or agent 
                thereof), the Department of Agriculture electronically 
                shares with the producer (or agent) in real time and 
                without cost to the producer (or agent) the common land 
                unit data, related farm level data, conservation 
                practices and other information of the producer through 
                a single Department-wide login;
            ``(2) improve coordination, information sharing, and 
        administrative work with the Farm Service Agency, the Risk 
        Management Agency, the Natural Resources Conservation Service, 
        and other agencies, as determined appropriate by the Secretary, 
        including by--
                    ``(A) streamlining processes and reducing paperwork 
                for cross-agency interactions, such as acreage reports 
                and conservation compliance determinations; and
                    ``(B) utilizing common acreage reporting processes 
                to collect relevant field-level data such that a 
                producer--
                            ``(i) has the option to report--
                                    ``(I) to any of those agencies; and
                                    ``(II) electronically; and
                            ``(ii) does not need to report duplicative 
                        information; and
            ``(3) take advantage of new technologies to enhance the 
        efficiency and effectiveness of program delivery to producers, 
        including by--
                    ``(A) providing an option, as practicable, for 
                uploading other farm- or field-level data that is 
                unrelated to program requirements, such as input costs 
                or field characteristics, such as soil test results;
                    ``(B) maintaining historical information and 
                allowing users to examine trends on a field- or farm-
                level;
                    ``(C) providing access to agency tools, such as 
                farm- or field-level estimates of benefits of existing 
                or prospective conservation practices;
                    ``(D) developing data standards and security 
                procedures to allow optional precision agriculture or 
                other third-party providers to develop applications to 
                use or feed into the datasets and analysis; and
                    ``(E) developing methods to summarize the improved 
                yield or reduced risk relating to conservation best 
                practices through cooperative extension services or 
                other similar means, while ensuring the privacy of 
                individual producers.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Deobligation of Unliquidated Obligations.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (3), any payment 
        obligated or otherwise made available by the Secretary under 
        this title on or after the date of enactment of the Agriculture 
        Improvement Act of 2018 that is not disbursed to the recipient 
        by the date that is 5 years after the date on which the payment 
        is obligated or otherwise made available shall--
                    ``(A) be deobligated; and
                    ``(B) revert to the Treasury.
            ``(2) Outstanding payments.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to paragraph (3), any 
                payment obligated or otherwise made available by the 
                Farm Service Agency (or any predecessor agency of the 
                Department of Agriculture) under the laws described in 
                subparagraph (B) before the date of enactment of the 
                Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, that is not 
                disbursed by the date that is 5 years after the date on 
                which the payment is obligated or otherwise made 
                available shall--
                            ``(i) be deobligated; and
                            ``(ii) revert to the Treasury.
                    ``(B) Laws described.--The laws referred to in 
                subparagraph (A) are any of the following:
                            ``(i) This title.
                            ``(ii) Title I of the Food, Conservation, 
                        and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8702 et seq.).
                            ``(iii) Title I of the Farm Security and 
                        Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 7901 et 
                        seq.).
                            ``(iv) The Agricultural Market Transition 
                        Act (7 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.).
                            ``(v) Titles I through XI of the Food, 
                        Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 
                        1990 (Public Law 101-624; 104 Stat. 3374) and 
                        the amendments made by those titles.
                            ``(vi) Titles I through X of the Food 
                        Security Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-198; 99 
                        Stat. 1362) and the amendments made by those 
                        titles.
                            ``(vii) Titles I through XI of the 
                        Agriculture and Food Act of 1981 (Public Law 
                        97-98; 95 Stat. 1218) and the amendments made 
                        by those titles.
                            ``(viii) Titles I through X of the Food and 
                        Agriculture Act of 1977 (Public Law 95-113; 91 
                        Stat. 917) and the amendments made by those 
                        titles.
            ``(3) Waiver.--The Secretary may delay the date of the 
        deobligation and reversion under paragraph (1) or (2) of any 
        payment--
                    ``(A) that is the subject of--
                            ``(i) ongoing administrative review or 
                        appeal;
                            ``(ii) litigation; or
                            ``(iii) the settlement of an estate; or
                    ``(B) for which the Secretary otherwise determines 
                that the circumstances are such that the delay is 
                equitable.''.

SEC. 1704. ADJUSTED GROSS INCOME LIMITATION.

    Section 1001D(b)(1) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 
1308-3a(b)(1)) is amended by striking ``$900,000'' and inserting 
``$700,000''.

SEC. 1705. BASE ACRES REVIEW.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall review the establishment, 
calculation, reallocation, adjustment, and reduction of base acres 
under part II of subtitle A of title I of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
(7 U.S.C. 9011 et seq.).
    (b) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report describing the results 
of the review under subsection (a).

SEC. 1706. FARM SERVICE AGENCY ACCOUNTABILITY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with the Inspector General 
of the Department of Agriculture, shall establish policies, procedures, 
and plans to improve program accountability and integrity through 
targeted and coordinated activities, including utilizing data mining to 
identify and reduce errors, waste, fraud, and abuse in programs 
administered by the Farm Service Agency.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, and annually thereafter through fiscal year 2023, the 
Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
Forestry of the Senate a report describing a summary of--
            (1) the existing efforts of the Department of Agriculture 
        to eliminate errors, waste, fraud, and abuse, including efforts 
        that involve coordination with other departments or agencies;
            (2) identified weaknesses or program integrity issues that 
        contribute to errors, waste, fraud, and abuse in Farm Service 
        Agency programs and plans for actions to be taken to address 
        and reduce those weaknesses or program integrity issues;
            (3) the existing and planned data sampling and mining 
        activities of the Farm Service Agency;
            (4) errors, waste, fraud, or abuse identified through 
        activities under subsection (a); and
            (5) any plans for administrative actions or recommendations 
        for legislative changes relating to reducing errors, waste, 
        fraud, and abuse in programs of the Department of Agriculture.

SEC. 1707. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

    (a) Section 1112(c)(2) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
9012(c)(2)) is amended by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the 
following:
                    ``(A) Any acreage on the farm enrolled in--
                            ``(i) the conservation reserve program 
                        established under subchapter B of chapter 1 of 
                        subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security 
                        Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et seq.); or
                            ``(ii) a wetland reserve easement under 
                        section 1265C of the Food Security Act of 1985 
                        (16 U.S.C. 3865c).''.
    (b) Section 1614(d) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
9097(d)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``pursuant 2 U.S.C. 
        901(a)'' and inserting ``pursuant to section 251(a) of the 
        Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (2 
        U.S.C. 901(a))''; and
            (2) by striking ``subtitles B'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``subtitle B''.

                         TITLE II--CONSERVATION

                Subtitle A--Conservation Reserve Program

SEC. 2101. EXTENSION AND ENROLLMENT REQUIREMENTS OF CONSERVATION 
              RESERVE PROGRAM.

    Section 1231 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)(i), by striking ``or'' at 
                the end and inserting ``and''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``Agricultural 
                Act of 2014'' and inserting ``Agriculture Improvement 
                Act of 2018'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (D), by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                            (ii) in subparagraph (E), by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(F) each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, not 
                more than 25,000,000 acres.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``limitations'' and 
                                inserting ``limitation''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``2018'' and 
                                inserting ``2023''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) by striking ``may'' and 
                                inserting ``shall'';
                                    (II) by striking ``land with 
                                expiring'' and inserting the following: 
                                ``land, as determined by the 
                                Secretary--
                            ``(i) with expiring'';
                                    (III) in clause (i) (as so 
                                designated), by striking the period at 
                                the end and inserting a semicolon; and
                                    (IV) by adding at the end the 
                                following:
                            ``(ii) at risk of conversion or 
                        development; or
                            ``(iii) of ecological significance, 
                        including land that--
                                    ``(I) may assist in the restoration 
                                of threatened or endangered species 
                                under the Endangered Species Act of 
                                1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.);
                                    ``(II) may assist in preventing a 
                                species from being listed as a 
                                threatened or endangered species under 
                                the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 
                                U.S.C. 1531 et seq.); or
                                    ``(III) improves or creates 
                                wildlife habitat corridors.''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (C)--
                                    (I) by striking ``the Secretary 
                                shall make'' and inserting ``the 
                                Secretary shall--
                            ``(i) make'';
                                    (II) in clause (i) (as so 
                                designated), by striking the period at 
                                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                                    (III) by adding at the end the 
                                following:
                            ``(ii) offer enrollment under subparagraph 
                        (A) during any period that any other land may 
                        be enrolled in the conservation reserve.''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Additional enrollment procedure.--
                    ``(A) Grasslands and continuous sign-up.--With 
                respect to enrollment in the conservation reserve 
                program using continuous sign-up under section 
                1234(d)(2)(A)(ii) or of grassland described in 
                subsection (b)(3), the Secretary shall allow producers 
                to submit applications for enrollment on a continuous 
                basis.
                    ``(B) Annual enrollment.--Subject to the 
                availability of acreage for enrollment in the 
                conservation reserve program for a fiscal year in 
                accordance with paragraph (1), the Secretary shall 
                enter into contracts under the conservation reserve 
                program for each fiscal year.
            ``(4) State acres for wildlife enhancement.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For the purposes of applying the 
                limitations in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall give 
                priority to land--
                            ``(i) enrolled in the conservation reserve 
                        program using continuous sign-up under section 
                        1234(d)(2)(A)(ii); and
                            ``(ii) on which practices to maintain, 
                        enhance, or restore wildlife habitat on land 
                        designated as a State acres for wildlife 
                        enhancement area under subsection (j)(1) shall 
                        be conducted.
                    ``(B) Acreage.--Of the acres maintained in the 
                conservation reserve in accordance with paragraph (1), 
                to the maximum extent practicable, not less than 30 
                percent of acres enrolled in the conservation reserve 
                using continuous sign-up under section 
                1234(d)(2)(A)(ii) shall be of land described in 
                subparagraph (A).
            ``(5) Enrollment of water quality practices to foster clean 
        lakes, estuaries, and rivers.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For purposes of applying the 
                limitation in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall give 
                priority to the enrollment in the conservation reserve 
                program under this subchapter of land that, as 
                determined by the Secretary--
                            ``(i) will have a positive impact on water 
                        quality; and
                            ``(ii)(I) will be devoted to--
                                    ``(aa) a grass sod waterway;
                                    ``(bb) a contour grass sod strip;
                                    ``(cc) a prairie strip;
                                    ``(dd) a filterstrip;
                                    ``(ee) a riparian buffer;
                                    ``(ff) a wetland or a wetland 
                                buffer;
                                    ``(gg) a saturated buffer;
                                    ``(hh) a bioreactor; or
                                    ``(ii) another similar water 
                                quality practice, as determined by the 
                                Secretary; or
                            ``(II) will be enrolled in the conservation 
                        reserve program using continuous sign-up under 
                        section 1234(d)(2)(A)(ii).
                    ``(B) Sediment and nutrient loadings.--In carrying 
                out subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall consider land 
                that--
                            ``(i) is located in a watershed impacted by 
                        sediment and nutrient; and
                            ``(ii) if enrolled, will reduce sediment 
                        loadings, nutrient loadings, and harmful algal 
                        blooms, as determined by the Secretary.
                    ``(C) Acreage.--Of the acres maintained in the 
                conservation reserve in accordance with paragraph (1), 
                to the maximum extent practicable, not less than 40 
                percent of acres enrolled in the conservation reserve 
                using continuous sign-up under section 
                1234(d)(2)(A)(ii) shall be of land described in 
                subparagraph (A).
                    ``(D) Report.--The Secretary shall--
                            ``(i) in the monthly publication of the 
                        Secretary describing conservation reserve 
                        program statistics, include a description of 
                        enrollments through the priority under this 
                        paragraph; and
                            ``(ii) publish on the website of the Farm 
                        Service Agency an annual report describing a 
                        summary of, with respect to the enrollment 
                        priority under this paragraph--
                                    ``(I) new enrollments;
                                    ``(II) expirations;
                                    ``(III) geographic distribution; 
                                and
                                    ``(IV) estimated water quality 
                                benefits.''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(j) State Acres for Wildlife Enhancement.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State or Indian Tribe, in consultation 
        with the applicable State technical committee established under 
        section 1261(a), may submit to the Secretary a request to 
        designate within the State or territory of the Indian Tribe a 
        State acres for wildlife enhancement area (referred to in this 
        subsection as a `SAFE area') in accordance with this 
        subsection.
            ``(2) Requests.--A request submitted under paragraph (1) 
        shall--
                    ``(A) include a description of--
                            ``(i) the specific wildlife species that 
                        would benefit from the creation of the habitat;
                            ``(ii) the number of acres requested for 
                        enrollment;
                            ``(iii) the geographic area where the 
                        habitat would be created; and
                            ``(iv) the 1 or more specific practices to 
                        be conducted for the benefit of the wildlife 
                        species described in clause (i);
                    ``(B) be in accordance with State or national 
                wildlife habitat plans or goals; and
                    ``(C) include a wildlife monitoring and evaluation 
                plan.
            ``(3) Priority.--The Secretary may give priority to 
        requests submitted under paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) that cover an area--
                            ``(i) on which the habitat for a particular 
                        species may be declining or in danger of 
                        declining;
                            ``(ii) the designation of which would 
                        help--
                                    ``(I) to prevent the listing of a 
                                species as a threatened species or an 
                                endangered species under the Endangered 
                                Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et 
                                seq.); or
                                    ``(II) to remove a species from the 
                                list of threatened species or 
                                endangered species under that Act;
                            ``(iii) that is adjacent to other 
                        conservation land, including to establish 
                        wildlife corridors and large blocks of 
                        conservation land; or
                            ``(iv) that provides economic or social 
                        value to the local community for outdoor 
                        recreation activities; or
                    ``(B) that include a commitment of funds from which 
                to pay for incentive payments to an agricultural 
                producer that enrolls land in the conservation reserve 
                program within a SAFE area.
            ``(4) Regional balance.--To the maximum extent practicable, 
        the Secretary shall maintain a regional balance in the 
        designation of SAFE areas.
            ``(5) Report.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) in the monthly publication of the Secretary 
                describing conservation reserve program statistics, 
                include a description of enrollments in SAFE areas; and
                    ``(B) publish on the website of the Farm Service 
                Agency an annual report describing a summary of, with 
                respect to SAFE areas--
                            ``(i) new enrollments;
                            ``(ii) expirations;
                            ``(iii) geographic distribution; and
                            ``(iv) estimated wildlife benefits.''.

SEC. 2102. FARMABLE WETLAND PROGRAM.

    Section 1231B(a)(1) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3831b(a)(1)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 2103. DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY.

    (a) Cost-Share and Rental Payments.--Section 1233(a)(1) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3833(a)(1)) is amended by inserting ``, 
including the cost of fencing and other water distribution practices, 
if applicable'' after ``interest''.
    (b) Specified Activities Permitted.--Section 1233(b) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3833(b)) is amended by striking 
paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
            ``(1) harvesting, grazing, or other commercial use of the 
        forage, without any reduction in the rental rate, in response 
        to--
                    ``(A) drought;
                    ``(B) flooding;
                    ``(C) a state of emergency caused by drought or 
                wildfire that--
                            ``(i) is declared by the Governor, in 
                        consultation with the State Committee of the 
                        Farm Service Agency, of the State in which the 
                        land that is subject to a contract under the 
                        conservation reserve program is located;
                            ``(ii) covers any part of the State or the 
                        entire State; and
                            ``(iii) the Secretary does not object to 
                        the declaration under clause (i) by not later 
                        than 5 business days after the date of 
                        declaration; or
                    ``(D) other emergency;''.
    (c) Harvesting and Grazing.--Section 1233 of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3833) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Harvesting and Grazing.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may permit harvesting and 
        grazing in accordance with paragraphs (2) through (5) of 
        subsection (b) on any land subject to a contract under the 
        conservation reserve program.
            ``(2) Exception.--The Secretary, in coordination with the 
        applicable State technical committee established under section 
        1261(a), may determine for any year that harvesting or grazing 
        described in paragraph (1) shall not be permitted on land 
        subject to a contract under the conservation reserve program in 
        a particular county if harvesting or grazing for that year 
        would cause long-term damage to vegetative cover on that 
        land.''.

SEC. 2104. PAYMENTS.

    Section 1234 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3834) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and indenting 
                appropriately;
                    (B) by inserting before subparagraph (A) (as so 
                redesignated) the following:
            ``(1) Signing and practice incentive payments.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In the case of a continuous 
                enrollment contract, the Secretary may make an 
                incentive payment to an owner or operator of eligible 
                land in an amount sufficient to encourage participation 
                in the program established under this subchapter.
                    ``(B) Limitation on making payments.--The Secretary 
                may only make an incentive payment under subparagraph 
                (A) if the national average market price received by 
                producers during the previous 12-month marketing year 
                for major covered commodities is greater than the 
                national average market price received by producers 
                during the most recent 10 marketing years for major 
                covered commodities.
            ``(2) Tree thinning and other practices.--''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2)(B) (as so designated), by 
                striking ``paragraph (1)'' and inserting ``subparagraph 
                (A)'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3)(A)--
                            (i) by striking ``Secretary may'' and 
                        inserting the following: ``Secretary--
                            ``(i) may'';
                            (ii) in clause (i) (as so designated), by 
                        striking the period at the end and inserting 
                        ``; and''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(ii) shall prioritize the enrollment of 
                        marginal and environmentally sensitive land 
                        that is the subject of the contract offer.''; 
                        and
                    (B) in paragraph (5)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``other'' before ``year,'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C)--
                                    (I) by striking ``The Secretary may 
                                use'' and inserting ``Subject to 
                                paragraph (3)(A)(ii), with respect 
                                to''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``rental rates'' 
                                the first place it appears and 
                                inserting the following: ``rental 
                                rates, the Secretary--
                            ``(i) shall apply the limitation described 
                        in subsection (g)(1); and
                            ``(ii) may use the estimates''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) Rental rate limitation.--Except in the case 
                of an incentive payment under subsection (c), a payment 
                under this subchapter shall not exceed 88.5 percent of 
                the estimated rental rate determined under subparagraph 
                (A).''; and
            (3) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``The total'' and 
                inserting ``Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
                total''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(2) Wellhead protection.--Paragraph (1) and section 
        1001D(b) shall not apply to rental payments received by a rural 
        water district or association for land that is enrolled under 
        this subchapter for the purpose of protecting a wellhead.''.

SEC. 2105. CONSERVATION RESERVE ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title 
XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 is amended by inserting after 
section 1231 (16 U.S.C. 3831) the following:

``SEC. 1231A. CONSERVATION RESERVE ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Eligible land.--The term `eligible land' means land 
        that is eligible to be included in the program established 
        under this subchapter.
            ``(2) Eligible partner.--The term `eligible partner' 
        means--
                    ``(A) a State;
                    ``(B) a political subdivision of a State;
                    ``(C) an Indian tribe (as defined in section 4 of 
                the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance 
                Act (25 U.S.C. 5304));
                    ``(D) a nongovernmental organization;
                    ``(E) an institution of higher education (as 
                defined in section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act 
                of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a)));
                    ``(F) a State cooperative extension service;
                    ``(G) a research institute; and
                    ``(H) any other entity, as determined appropriate 
                by the Secretary.
            ``(3) Management.--The term `management' means an activity 
        conducted by an owner or operator under a contract entered into 
        under this subchapter after the establishment of a conservation 
        practice on eligible land, to regularly maintain or enhance the 
        vegetative cover established by the conservation practice--
                    ``(A) throughout the term of the contract; and
                    ``(B) consistent with the conservation plan that 
                covers the eligible land.
            ``(4) Program.--The term `program' means a conservation 
        reserve enhancement program carried out under an agreement 
        under subsection (b)(1).
    ``(b) Agreements.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may enter into an 
        agreement with an eligible partner to carry out a conservation 
        reserve enhancement program--
                    ``(A) to assist in enrolling eligible land in the 
                program established under this subchapter; and
                    ``(B) that the Secretary determines will advance 
                the purposes of this subchapter.
            ``(2) Contents.--An agreement entered into under paragraph 
        (1) shall--
                    ``(A) describe--
                            ``(i) 1 or more specific State or 
                        nationally significant conservation concerns to 
                        be addressed by the agreement;
                            ``(ii) quantifiable environmental goals for 
                        addressing the concerns under clause (i);
                            ``(iii) a suitable acreage goal for 
                        enrollment of eligible land under the 
                        agreement, as determined by the Secretary;
                            ``(iv) the location of eligible land to be 
                        enrolled in the project area identified under 
                        the agreement;
                            ``(v) the payments to be offered by the 
                        Secretary and eligible partner to an owner or 
                        operator; and
                            ``(vi) an appropriate list of conservation 
                        reserve program conservation practice 
                        standards, including any modifications to the 
                        practice standards, that are appropriate to 
                        meeting the concerns described under clause 
                        (i), as determined by the Secretary in 
                        consultation with eligible partners; and
                    ``(B) require the eligible partner to provide 
                funds.
            ``(3) Effect on existing agreements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), an 
                agreement under this subsection shall not affect, 
                modify, or interfere with existing agreements under 
                this subchapter.
                    ``(B) Modification of existing agreements.--To 
                implement this section, the signatories to an agreement 
                under this subsection may mutually agree to a 
                modification of an agreement entered into before the 
                date of enactment of this section under the 
                Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program established by 
                the Secretary under this subchapter.
    ``(c) Payments.--
            ``(1) Funding requirement.--Funds provided by an eligible 
        partner may be in cash, in-kind contributions, or technical 
        assistance.
            ``(2) Marginal pastureland cost-share payments.--The 
        Secretary shall ensure that cost-share payments to an owner or 
        operator to install stream fencing, crossings, and alternative 
        water development on marginal pastureland under a program 
        reflect the fair market value of the cost of installation.
            ``(3) Cost-share and practice incentive payments.--
                    ``(A) In general.--On request of an owner or 
                operator, the Secretary shall provide cost-share 
                payments when a major conservation practice component 
                is completed under a program, as determined by the 
                Secretary.
                    ``(B) Assignment to eligible partner.--An owner or 
                operator may assign cost-share and practice incentive 
                payments to an eligible partner if the eligible partner 
                installs the conservation practice or conducts the 
                ongoing management of the conservation practice on 
                behalf of the owner or operator.
            ``(4) Riparian buffer management payments.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In the case of an agreement 
                under subsection (b)(1) that includes riparian buffers 
                as an eligible practice, the Secretary shall make cost-
                share payments to encourage the regular management of 
                the riparian buffer throughout the term of the 
                agreement, consistent with the conservation plan that 
                covers the eligible land.
                    ``(B) Limitation.--The amount of payments received 
                by an owner or operator under subparagraph (A) shall 
                not be greater than 100 percent of the normal and 
                customary projected management cost, as determined by 
                the Secretary, in consultation with the applicable 
                State technical committee established under section 
                1261(a).
    ``(d) Forested Riparian Buffer Practice.--
            ``(1) Food-producing woody plants.--In the case of an 
        agreement under subsection (b)(1) that includes forested 
        riparian buffers as an eligible practice, the Secretary shall 
        allow an owner or operator--
                    ``(A) to plant food-producing woody plants in the 
                forested riparian buffers, on the conditions that--
                            ``(i) the plants shall contribute to the 
                        conservation of soil, water quality, and 
                        wildlife habitat; and
                            ``(ii) the planting shall be consistent 
                        with--
                                    ``(I) recommendations of the 
                                applicable State technical committee 
                                established under section 1261(a); and
                                    ``(II) technical guide standards of 
                                the applicable field office of the 
                                Natural Resources Conservation Service; 
                                and
                    ``(B) to harvest from plants described in 
                subparagraph (A), on the conditions that--
                            ``(i) the harvesting shall not damage the 
                        conserving cover or otherwise have a negative 
                        impact on the conservation concerns targeted by 
                        the program; and
                            ``(ii) only native plant species 
                        appropriate to the region shall be used within 
                        35 feet of the watercourse.
            ``(2) Technical assistance.--For the purpose of enrolling 
        forested riparian buffers in a program, the Administrator of 
        the Farm Service Agency, in consultation with the Chief of the 
        Forest Service--
                    ``(A) shall provide funds for technical assistance 
                directly to a State forestry agency; and
                    ``(B) is encouraged to partner with a 
                nongovernmental organization--
                            ``(i) to make recommendations for 
                        conservation practices under the program;
                            ``(ii) to provide technical assistance 
                        necessary to carry out the conservation 
                        practices recommended under clause (i); and
                            ``(iii) to implement riparian buffers by--
                                    ``(I) pooling and submitting 
                                applications on behalf of owners and 
                                operators in a specific watershed; and
                                    ``(II) carrying out management 
                                activities for the duration of the 
                                program.
    ``(e) Acreage.--Of the acres of land maintained in the conservation 
reserve in accordance with section 1231(d)(1), to the maximum extent 
practicable, not less than 20 percent of the acres enrolled in the 
conservation reserve program using continuous sign-up under section 
1234(d)(2)(A)(ii) shall be enrolled under an agreement under subsection 
(b)(1).
    ``(f) Status Report.--Not later than 180 days after the end of each 
fiscal year, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that 
describes, with respect to each agreement entered into under subsection 
(b)(1)--
            ``(1) the status of the agreement;
            ``(2) the purposes and objectives of the agreement;
            ``(3) the Federal and eligible partner commitments made 
        under the agreement; and
            ``(4) the progress made in fulfilling those commitments.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 1240R(c)(3) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
        (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-5(c)(3)) is amended by striking ``a special 
        conservation reserve enhancement program described in section 
        1234(f)(4)'' and inserting ``the Conservation Reserve 
        Enhancement Program under section 1231A''.
            (2) Section 1244(f)(3) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
        U.S.C. 3844(f)(3)) is amended by striking ``subsection 
        (d)(2)(A)(ii) or (g)(2) of section 1234'' and inserting 
        ``section 1231A or 1234(d)(2)(A)(ii)''.

SEC. 2106. CONTRACTS.

    (a) In General.--Section 1235 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3835) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (e);
            (2) by redesignating subsections (f) through (h) as 
        subsections (e) through (g), respectively;
            (3) in subsection (e) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A), by striking ``retired farmer or rancher'' 
                        and inserting ``contract holder'';
                            (ii) by striking ``retired or retiring 
                        owner or operator'' each place it appears and 
                        inserting ``contract holder'';
                            (iii) in subparagraph (A), in the matter 
                        preceding clause (i), by striking ``1 year'' 
                        and inserting ``2 years'';
                            (iv) in subparagraph (B), by inserting 
                        ``purchase, including a lease with a term of 
                        less than 5 years and an option to'' before 
                        ``purchase)'';
                            (v) in subparagraph (D), by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                            (vi) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as 
                        subparagraph (F); and
                            (vii) by inserting after subparagraph (D) 
                        the following:
                    ``(E) give priority to the enrollment of the land 
                in--
                            ``(i) the conservation stewardship program 
                        established under subchapter B of chapter 2;
                            ``(ii) the environmental quality incentives 
                        program established under chapter 4; or
                            ``(iii) the agricultural conservation 
                        easement program established under subtitle H; 
                        and''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``under the'' 
                and inserting the following: ``under--
                            ``(i) the conservation reserve program for 
                        grasslands described in section 1231(b)(3); or
                            ``(ii) the''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Owner or Operator Election Relating to Conservation Reserve 
Easements.--
            ``(1) Definition of covered contract.--In this subsection, 
        the term `covered contract' means a contract entered into under 
        this subchapter--
                    ``(A) during the period beginning on the date of 
                enactment of this subsection and ending on September 
                30, 2023; and
                    ``(B) that covers land enrolled in the conservation 
                reserve program--
                            ``(i) under the clean lakes, estuaries, and 
                        rivers priority described in section 
                        1231(d)(5); or
                            ``(ii) that is located in a State acres for 
                        wildlife enhancement area under section 
                        1231(j).
            ``(2) Election.--On the expiration of a covered contract, 
        an owner or operator party to the covered contract shall 
        elect--
                    ``(A) not to reenroll the land under the contract;
                    ``(B) to reenroll the land under the contract, on 
                the conditions that--
                            ``(i) the annual rental payment shall be 
                        decreased by 40 percent; and
                            ``(ii) no incentive payments shall be 
                        provided under the contract; or
                    ``(C) not to reenroll the land under the contract 
                and to enroll the land under the contract in a 
                conservation reserve easement under section 1231C.
            ``(3) Exception.--On the expiration of a covered contract, 
        if land enrolled in the conservation reserve program under that 
        contract is determined by the Secretary to not be suitable for 
        permanent protection through a conservation reserve easement 
        under section 1231C, notwithstanding paragraph (2)(B), the 
        Secretary shall allow the land to be reenrolled under the terms 
        of the conservation reserve program in effect on the date of 
        expiration.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1241(a)(1)(B) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841(a)(1)(B)) is amended by striking 
``1235(f)'' and inserting ``1235(e)''.

SEC. 2107. CONSERVATION RESERVE EASEMENTS.

    Subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 is amended by inserting after section 1231B (16 
U.S.C. 3831b) the following:

``SEC. 1231C. CONSERVATION RESERVE EASEMENTS.

    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) Enrollment.--The Secretary shall offer to enroll land 
        in the conservation reserve program through a conservation 
        reserve easement in accordance with this section.
            ``(2) Exclusion of acreage limitation.--For purposes of 
        applying the limitations in section 1231(d)(1), the Secretary 
        shall not count acres of land enrolled under this section.
    ``(b) Eligible Land.--Only land subject to an expired covered 
contract (as defined in section 1235(h)(1)) shall be eligible for 
enrollment through a conservation reserve easement under this section.
    ``(c) Term.--The term of a conservation reserve easement shall be--
            ``(1) permanent; or
            ``(2) the maximum period allowed by State law.
    ``(d) Agreements.--To be eligible to enroll land in the 
conservation reserve program through a conservation reserve easement, 
the owner of the land shall enter into an agreement with the 
Secretary--
            ``(1) to grant an easement on the land to the Secretary;
            ``(2) to implement a conservation reserve easement plan 
        developed for the land under subsection (h)(1);
            ``(3) to create and record an appropriate deed restriction 
        in accordance with applicable State law to reflect the 
        easement;
            ``(4) to provide a written statement of consent to the 
        easement signed by any person holding a security interest in 
        the land;
            ``(5) to comply with the terms and conditions of the 
        easement and any related agreements; and
            ``(6) to permanently retire any existing base history for 
        the land covered by the easement.
    ``(e) Terms and Conditions of Easements.--
            ``(1) In general.--A conservation reserve easement shall 
        include terms and conditions that--
                    ``(A) permit--
                            ``(i) repairs, improvements, and 
                        inspections on the land that are necessary to 
                        maintain existing public drainage systems; and
                            ``(ii) owners to control public access on 
                        the land while identifying access routes to be 
                        used for restoration activities and management 
                        and easement monitoring;
                    ``(B) prohibit--
                            ``(i) the alteration of wildlife habitat 
                        and other natural features of the land, unless 
                        specifically authorized by the Secretary as 
                        part of the conservation reserve easement plan;
                            ``(ii) the spraying of the land with 
                        chemicals or the mowing of the land, except 
                        where the spraying or mowing is authorized by 
                        the Secretary or is necessary--
                                    ``(I) to comply with Federal or 
                                State noxious weed control laws;
                                    ``(II) to comply with a Federal or 
                                State emergency pest treatment program; 
                                or
                                    ``(III) to meet habitat needs of 
                                specific wildlife species;
                            ``(iii) any activity to be carried out on 
                        the land of the owner or successor that is 
                        immediately adjacent to, and functionally 
                        related to, the land that is subject to the 
                        easement if the activity will alter, degrade, 
                        or otherwise diminish the functional value of 
                        the land; and
                            ``(iv) the adoption of any other practice 
                        that would tend to defeat the purposes of the 
                        conservation reserve program, as determined by 
                        the Secretary; and
                    ``(C) include any additional provision that the 
                Secretary determines is appropriate to carry out this 
                section or facilitate the practical administration of 
                this section.
            ``(2) Violation.--On the violation of a term or condition 
        of a conservation reserve easement--
                    ``(A) the conservation reserve easement shall 
                remain in force; and
                    ``(B) the Secretary may require the owner to refund 
                all or part of any payments received by the owner under 
                the program, with interest on the payments, as 
                determined appropriate by the Secretary.
            ``(3) Compatible uses.--Land subject to a conservation 
        reserve easement may be used for compatible economic uses, 
        including hunting and fishing, managed timber harvest, or 
        periodic haying or grazing, if the use--
                    ``(A) is specifically permitted by the conservation 
                reserve easement plan developed for the land; and
                    ``(B) is consistent with the long-term protection 
                and enhancement of the conservation resources for which 
                the easement was established.
    ``(f) Compensation.--
            ``(1) Determination.--
                    ``(A) Permanent easements.--The Secretary shall pay 
                as compensation for a permanent conservation reserve 
                easement acquired under this section an amount 
                necessary to encourage enrollment of land in such a 
                conservation reserve easement, based on the lowest of--
                            ``(i) the fair market value of the land, as 
                        determined by the Secretary, using the Uniform 
                        Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice or 
                        an areawide market analysis or survey;
                            ``(ii) the amount corresponding to a 
                        geographical limitation, as determined by the 
                        Secretary in regulations prescribed by the 
                        Secretary; or
                            ``(iii) the offer made by the landowner.
                    ``(B) Other.--Compensation for a conservation 
                reserve easement that is not permanent due to a 
                restriction in applicable State law shall be not less 
                than 50 percent, but not more than 75 percent, of the 
                compensation that would be paid for a permanent 
                conservation reserve easement.
            ``(2) Form of payment.--Compensation for a conservation 
        reserve easement shall be provided by the Secretary in the form 
        of a cash payment, in an amount determined under paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Payments.--The Secretary may provide payment under 
        this paragraph to a landowner using--
                    ``(A) 10 annual payments; or
                    ``(B) 1 payment.
            ``(4) Timing.--The Secretary shall provide any annual 
        easement payment obligation under paragraph (3)(A) as early as 
        practicable in each fiscal year.
            ``(5) Payments to others.--The Secretary shall make a 
        payment, in accordance with regulations prescribed by the 
        Secretary, in a manner as the Secretary determines is fair and 
        reasonable under the circumstances, if an owner who is entitled 
        to a payment under this section--
                    ``(A) dies;
                    ``(B) becomes incompetent;
                    ``(C) is succeeded by another person or entity who 
                renders or completes the required performance; or
                    ``(D) is otherwise unable to receive the payment.
    ``(g) Technical Assistance.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall assist owners in 
        complying with the terms and conditions of a conservation 
        reserve easement.
            ``(2) Contracts or agreements.--The Secretary may enter 
        into 1 or more contracts with private entities or agreements 
        with a State, nongovernmental organization, or Indian Tribe to 
        carry out necessary maintenance of a conservation reserve 
        easement if the Secretary determines that the contract or 
        agreement will advance the purposes of the conservation reserve 
        program.
    ``(h) Administration.--
            ``(1) Conservation reserve easement plan.--The Secretary 
        shall develop a conservation reserve easement plan for any land 
        subject to a conservation reserve easement, which shall include 
        practices and activities necessary to maintain, protect, and 
        enhance the conservation value of the enrolled land.
            ``(2) Delegation of easement administration.--
                    ``(A) Federal, state, or local government 
                agencies.--The Secretary may delegate any of the 
                management, monitoring, and enforcement 
                responsibilities of the Secretary under this section to 
                other Federal, State, or local government agencies that 
                have the appropriate authority, expertise, and 
                resources necessary to carry out those delegated 
                responsibilities.
                    ``(B) Conservation organizations.--The Secretary 
                may delegate any management responsibilities of the 
                Secretary under this section to conservation 
                organizations if the Secretary determines the 
                conservation organization has similar expertise and 
                resources.''.

SEC. 2108. ELIGIBLE LAND; STATE LAW REQUIREMENTS.

    The Secretary shall revise paragraph (4) of section 1410.6(d) of 
title 7, Code of Federal Regulations, to provide that land shall not be 
ineligible for enrollment in the conservation reserve program 
established under subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII 
of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et seq.) under that 
paragraph if the Deputy Administrator (as defined in section 1410.2(b) 
of title 7, Code of Federal Regulations (or successor regulations)), in 
consultation with the applicable State technical committee established 
under section 1261(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3861(a)) determines, under such terms and conditions as the Deputy 
Administrator, in consultation with the State technical committee, 
determines to be appropriate, that making that land eligible for 
enrollment in that program is in the best interests of that program.

              Subtitle B--Conservation Stewardship Program

SEC. 2201. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 1238D of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838d) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)(B)--
                    (A) in clause (i), by striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (B) in clause (ii), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting a semicolon; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(iii) development of a comprehensive 
                        conservation plan, as defined in section 
                        1238G(f)(1);
                            ``(iv) soil health planning, including 
                        planning to increase soil organic matter; and
                            ``(v) activities that will assist a 
                        producer to adapt to, or mitigate against, 
                        increasing weather volatility.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (7), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting the following: ``through the use of--
                    ``(A) quality criteria under a resource management 
                system;
                    ``(B) predictive analytics tools or models 
                developed or approved by the Natural Resources 
                Conservation Service;
                    ``(C) data from past and current enrollment in the 
                program; and
                    ``(D) other methods that measure conservation and 
                improvement in priority resource concerns, as 
                determined by the Secretary.''.

SEC. 2202. ESTABLISHMENT.

    (a) Extension.--Section 1238E(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3838e(a)) is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) 
by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
    (b) Exclusions.--Section 1238E(b)(2) of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838e(b)(2)) is amended in the matter preceding 
paragraph (1) by striking ``the Agricultural Act of 2014'' and 
inserting ``the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018''.

SEC. 2203. STEWARDSHIP CONTRACTS.

    Section 1238F of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838f) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking paragraph (1) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(1) Ranking of applications.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In evaluating contract offers 
                submitted under subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
                rank applications based on--
                            ``(i) the natural resource conservation and 
                        environmental benefits that result from the 
                        conservation treatment on all applicable 
                        priority resource concerns at the time of 
                        submission of the application;
                            ``(ii) the degree to which the proposed 
                        conservation activities increase natural 
                        resource conservation and environmental 
                        benefits; and
                            ``(iii) other consistent criteria, as 
                        determined by the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Additional criterion.--If 2 or more 
                applications receive the same ranking under 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall rank those 
                contracts based on the extent to which the actual and 
                anticipated conservation benefits from each contract 
                are provided at the lowest cost relative to other 
                similarly beneficial contract offers.''; and
            (2) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by inserting ``new or improved'' after 
                        ``integrate''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``demonstrating continued 
                        improvement during the additional 5-year 
                        period,'' after ``operation,''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3)(B), by striking ``to exceed 
                the stewardship threshold of'' and inserting ``to adopt 
                or improve conservation activities, as determined by 
                the Secretary, to achieve higher levels of performance 
                with respect to not less than''.

SEC. 2204. DUTIES OF SECRETARY.

    Section 1238G of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838g) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``Agricultural Act of 2014, 
                        and ending on September 30, 2022'' and 
                        inserting ``Agriculture Improvement Act of 
                        2018, and ending on September 30, 2028''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``, to the maximum extent 
                        practicable'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by inserting ``to the maximum extent 
                        practicable,'' before ``enroll''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``10,000,000'' and 
                        inserting ``8,797,000''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by inserting ``notwithstanding any 
                        other provision of this subchapter,'' before 
                        ``manage''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``all financial'' and all 
                        that follows through the period at the end and 
                        inserting the following: ``all--
                    ``(A) financial assistance, including payments made 
                under subsections (d)(5), (e), and (f);
                    ``(B) technical assistance; and
                    ``(C) any other expenses associated with enrollment 
                or participation in the program.'';
            (2) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Payment for cover crop activities.--Subject to the 
        restriction under subsection (c)(2), the amount of a payment 
        under this subsection for cover crop activities shall be not 
        less than 125 percent of the annual payment amount determined 
        by the Secretary under paragraph (2).'';
            (3) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``and 
                Advanced Grazing Management'' after ``Rotations'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2);
                    (C) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (4) as 
                paragraphs (2) and (1), respectively, and moving the 
                paragraphs so as to appear in numerical order;
                    (D) in paragraph (1) (as so redesignated)--
                            (i) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) 
                        through (D) and (E) as clauses (i) through (iv) 
                        and (vi), respectively, and indenting 
                        appropriately;
                            (ii) by striking the paragraph designation 
                        and all that follows through ``the term'' in 
                        the matter preceding clause (i) (as so 
                        redesignated) and inserting the following:
            ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    ``(A) Advanced grazing management.--The term 
                `advanced grazing management' means the use of a 
                combination of grazing practices (as determined by the 
                Secretary), which may include management-intensive 
                rotational grazing, that provide for--
                            ``(i) improved soil health and carbon 
                        sequestration;
                            ``(ii) drought resilience;
                            ``(iii) wildlife habitat;
                            ``(iv) wildfire mitigation;
                            ``(v) control of invasive plants; and
                            ``(vi) water quality improvement.
                    ``(B) Management-intensive rotational grazing.--The 
                term `management-intensive rotational grazing' means a 
                strategic, adaptively managed multipasture grazing 
                system in which animals are regularly and 
                systematically moved to fresh pasture in a manner 
                that--
                            ``(i) maximizes the quantity and quality of 
                        forage growth;
                            ``(ii) improves manure distribution and 
                        nutrient cycling;
                            ``(iii) increases carbon sequestration from 
                        greater forage harvest;
                            ``(iv) improves the quality and quantity of 
                        cover for wildlife;
                            ``(v) provides permanent cover to protect 
                        the soil from erosion; and
                            ``(vi) improves water quality.
                    ``(C) Resource-conserving crop rotation.--The 
                term''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (C) (as so 
                        designated)--
                                    (I) in clause (iv) (as so 
                                redesignated), by striking ``and'' at 
                                the end; and
                                    (II) by inserting after clause (iv) 
                                (as so redesignated) the following:
                            ``(v) builds soil organic matter; and'';
                    (E) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), by 
                striking ``improve resource-conserving'' and all that 
                follows through the period at the end and inserting the 
                following: ``improve, manage, and maintain--
                    ``(A) resource-conserving crop rotations; or
                    ``(B) advanced grazing management.'';
                    (F) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) by striking ``paragraph (1)'' and 
                        inserting ``paragraph (2)''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``and maintain'' and all 
                        that follows through the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``or improve, manage, and maintain 
                        resource-conserving crop rotations or advanced 
                        grazing management for the term of the 
                        contract.''; and
                    (G) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Amount of payment.--Subject to the restriction under 
        subsection (c)(2), an additional payment provided under 
        paragraph (2) shall be not less than 150 percent of the annual 
        payment amount determined by the Secretary under subsection 
        (d)(2).'';
            (4) by redesignating subsections (f) through (i) as 
        subsections (g) through (j), respectively;
            (5) by inserting after subsection (e) the following:
    ``(f) Payment for Comprehensive Conservation Plan.--
            ``(1) Definition of comprehensive conservation plan.--In 
        this subsection, the term `comprehensive conservation plan' 
        means a conservation plan that meets or exceeds the stewardship 
        threshold for each priority resource concern identified by the 
        Secretary under subsection (a)(2).
            ``(2) Payment for comprehensive conservation plan.--Subject 
        to the restriction under subsection (c)(2), the Secretary shall 
        provide a 1-time payment to a producer that develops and 
        implements a comprehensive conservation plan.
            ``(3) Amount of payment.--The Secretary shall determine the 
        amount of payment under paragraph (2) based on--
                    ``(A) the number of priority resource concerns 
                addressed in the comprehensive conservation plan; and
                    ``(B) the number of types of land uses included in 
                the comprehensive conservation plan.'';
            (6) in subsection (g) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting 
                ``2019 through 2023''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``or acequias'' after ``Indian 
                tribes''; and
            (7) in subsection (i) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) by striking the subsection designation and 
                heading and all that follows through ``The Secretary'' 
                and inserting the following:
    ``(i) Organic Certification.--
            ``(1) Coordination.--The Secretary''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Allocation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Using funds made available for 
                the program for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, 
                the Secretary shall allocate funding to States to 
                support organic production and transition to organic 
                production through paragraph (1).
                    ``(B) Determination.--The Secretary shall determine 
                the allocation to a State under subparagraph (A) based 
                on--
                            ``(i) the certified and transitioning 
                        organic operations of the State; and
                            ``(ii) the organic acreage of the State.'';
            (8) in subsection (j) (as so redesignated), by striking 
        ``subsection (f)'' and inserting ``subsection (g)''; and
            (9) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(k) Streamlining and Coordination.--To the maximum extent 
feasible, the Secretary shall provide for streamlined and coordinated 
procedures for the program and the environmental quality incentives 
program under chapter 4, including applications, contracting, 
conservation planning, conservation practices, and related 
administrative procedures.
    ``(l) Soil Health.--To the maximum extent feasible, the Secretary 
shall manage the program to enhance soil health.
    ``(m) Annual Report.--Each fiscal year, the Secretary shall submit 
to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
report describing--
            ``(1) the national average rate of funding per acre for the 
        program for that fiscal year, including a description of 
        whether the program is managed in accordance with the 
        restriction under subsection (c)(2); and
            ``(2) the payment rates for conservation activities offered 
        to producers under the program and an analysis of whether 
        payment rates can be reduced for the most expensive 
        conservation activities.''.

          Subtitle C--Environmental Quality Incentives Program

SEC. 2301. PURPOSES.

    Section 1240 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) adapting to, and mitigating against, 
                increasing weather volatility; and''; and
            (2) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) by striking ``to make beneficial, cost 
                effective changes to production systems (including 
                conservation practices related to organic production)'' 
                and inserting ``to address existing or new resource 
                concerns associated with changes to production systems, 
                including conservation practices related to organic 
                production''; and
                    (B) by striking ``livestock, pest or irrigation 
                management'' and inserting ``crops and livestock, pest 
                management, irrigation management, drought resiliency 
                measures''.

SEC. 2302. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 1240A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-1) 
is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (4) and (5) as 
        paragraphs (2) through (5) and (7), respectively;
            (2) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so redesignated) 
        the following:
            ``(1) Conservation planning survey.--The term `conservation 
        planning survey' means a plan that--
                    ``(A) is developed by--
                            ``(i) a State or unit of local government 
                        (including a conservation district);
                            ``(ii) a Federal agency; or
                            ``(iii) a third-party provider certified 
                        under section 1242(e) (including a certified 
                        rangeland professional);
                    ``(B) assesses rangeland or cropland function and 
                describes conservation activities to enhance the 
                economic and ecological management of that land;
                    ``(C) can be incorporated into a comprehensive 
                planning document required by the Secretary for 
                enrollment in a conservation program of the Department 
                of Agriculture; and
                    ``(D) provides recommendations for enrollment in 
                the program or other conservation programs of the 
                Department of Agriculture.'';
            (3) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), in subparagraph 
        (B)--
                    (A) by redesignating clause (vi) as clause (vii); 
                and
                    (B) by inserting after clause (v) the following:
                            ``(vi) Land that facilitates the avoidance 
                        of crossing an environmentally sensitive area, 
                        as determined by the Secretary.'';
            (4) in paragraph (5) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) in clause (iv), by striking ``and'' at 
                        the end;
                            (ii) by redesignating clause (v) as clause 
                        (vii); and
                            (iii) by inserting after clause (iv) the 
                        following:
                            ``(v) soil tests for--
                                    ``(I) heavy metals, volatile 
                                organic compounds, polycyclic aromatic 
                                hydrocarbons, and other contaminants; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) biological and physical soil 
                                health;
                            ``(vi) scientifically based soil 
                        remediation practices to be carried out by the 
                        producer, as determined by the Secretary; 
                        and''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) in clause (i), by striking ``and'' at 
                        the end;
                            (ii) by redesignating clause (ii) as clause 
                        (v); and
                            (iii) by inserting after clause (i) the 
                        following:
                            ``(ii) resource-conserving crop rotation 
                        planning;
                            ``(iii) soil health planning, including 
                        planning to increase soil organic matter;
                            ``(iv) a conservation planning survey; 
                        and''; and
            (5) by inserting after paragraph (5) (as so redesignated) 
        the following:
            ``(6) Producer.--The term `producer' includes an 
        acequia.''.

SEC. 2303. ESTABLISHMENT AND ADMINISTRATION.

    Section 1240B of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``2019'' and inserting 
        ``2023'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(2)--
                    (A) by striking ``A contract'' and inserting the 
                following:
                    ``(A) In general.--A contract''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) Wildlife practices.--
                            ``(i) In general.--In the case of a 
                        contract under the program entered into solely 
                        for the establishment of 1 or more annual 
                        management practices for the benefit of 
                        wildlife, notwithstanding any maximum contract 
                        term established by the Secretary, the contract 
                        shall have a term that does not exceed 10 
                        years.
                            ``(ii) Inclusions.--A contract under the 
                        program may include a practice that provides 
                        incentives to producers to--
                                    ``(I) carry out postharvest 
                                flooding to provide seasonal wetland 
                                habitat for waterfowl and migratory 
                                birds during the fall and winter 
                                months; and
                                    ``(II) maintain the hydrology of 
                                temporary and seasonal wetlands of not 
                                more than 2 acres in order to maintain 
                                waterfowl and migratory bird habitat on 
                                working cropland.'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (4)(B)--
                            (i) in clause (i)--
                                    (I) by striking ``Not more than'' 
                                and inserting ``The Secretary shall 
                                provide at least'';
                                    (II) by striking ``may be 
                                provided''; and
                                    (III) by striking ``the purpose 
                                of'' and inserting ``all costs related 
                                to'';
                            (ii) in clause (ii), by striking ``90-day'' 
                        and inserting ``180-day''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(iii) Option to opt out.--A producer 
                        described in subparagraph (A) shall be given 
                        the opportunity to opt out of the advance 
                        payments under clause (i).''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(7) Review and guidance for cost share rates.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than 365 days after 
                the date of enactment of this paragraph, the Secretary 
                shall--
                            ``(i) review the cost share rates of 
                        payments made to producers for practices on 
                        eligible land under this section; and
                            ``(ii) evaluate whether those rates are the 
                        least costly rates of payment that--
                                    ``(I) encourage participation in 
                                the program; and
                                    ``(II) encourage implementation of 
                                the most effective practices to address 
                                local natural resource concerns on 
                                eligible land.
                    ``(B) Guidance.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                        issue guidance to States to consider the use of 
                        the least costly rate of payment to producers 
                        for practices.
                            ``(ii) Considerations.--In determining the 
                        least costly rate of payment to producers under 
                        clause (i), the Secretary shall consider the 
                        rate of payment that--
                                    ``(I) encourages participation in 
                                the program; and
                                    ``(II) most effectively addresses 
                                local natural resource concerns on 
                                eligible land.
            ``(8) Review of conservation practice standards.--
                    ``(A) Review.--Not later than 365 days after the 
                date of enactment of this paragraph, the Secretary 
                shall review conservation practice standards under the 
                program to evaluate opportunities to increase 
                flexibility within conservation practice standards 
                while ensuring equivalent natural resource benefits.
                    ``(B) Guidance.--If the Secretary identifies under 
                subparagraph (A) a conservation practice standard that 
                can be modified to provide more flexibility without 
                compromising natural resource benefits, the Secretary 
                shall issue guidance for revising the applicable 
                conservation practice standard.
            ``(9) Increased payments for high-priority practices.--
                    ``(A) State determination.--Each State, in 
                consultation with the State technical committee 
                established under section 1261(a) for the State, may 
                designate 10 practices to be eligible for increased 
                payments under subparagraph (B), on the condition that 
                the practice, as determined by the Secretary--
                            ``(i) has received a high Natural Resources 
                        Conservation Service evaluation score for 
                        addressing specific causes of impairment 
                        relating to excessive nutrients in groundwater 
                        or surface water;
                            ``(ii) meets other environmental 
                        priorities; and
                            ``(iii) is geographically targeted to 
                        address a natural resource concern in a 
                        specific watershed.
                    ``(B) Increased payments.--Notwithstanding 
                paragraph (2), the Secretary may increase the amount 
                that would otherwise be provided for a practice under 
                this subsection to not more than 90 percent of the 
                costs associated with planning, design, materials, 
                equipment, installation, labor, management, 
                maintenance, or training.'';
            (4) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and 
                        inserting ``2019 through 2023'';
                            (ii) by striking ``60'' and inserting 
                        ``50''; and
                            (iii) by striking ``production.'' and 
                        inserting ``production, including grazing 
                        management practices.'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``For each'' and inserting 
                        the following:
                    ``(A) Fiscal years 2014 through 2018.--For each''; 
                and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) Fiscal years 2019 through 2023.--For each of 
                fiscal years 2019 through 2023, at least 10 percent of 
                the funds made available for payments under the program 
                shall be targeted at practices benefitting wildlife 
                habitat under subsection (g).''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Review of process for determining annual funding 
        allocations to states.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than 365 days after 
                the date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement 
                Act of 2018, the Secretary shall review the process for 
                determining annual funding allocations to States under 
                the program.
                    ``(B) Considerations.--In conducting the review 
                under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall consider--
                            ``(i) the roles of, in determining annual 
                        funding allocations to States--
                                    ``(I) relevant data on local 
                                natural resource concerns, including 
                                the outcomes of the Conservation 
                                Effects Assessment Project carried out 
                                by the Natural Resources Conservation 
                                Service; and
                                    ``(II) the recommendations of State 
                                technical committees established under 
                                section 1261(a) and other local 
                                stakeholder input;
                            ``(ii) how to utilize the data and local 
                        input described in subclauses (I) and (II) of 
                        clause (i) such that, to the maximum extent 
                        practicable, consideration of local natural 
                        resource concerns is a leading factor when 
                        determining annual funding allocations to 
                        States; and
                            ``(iii) the process used at the national 
                        level to evaluate State budget proposals and 
                        allocate funds to achieve priority natural 
                        resource objectives, including the factors 
                        considered in ranking State proposals.'';
            (5) in subsection (h)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``practice.'' and 
                inserting the following: ``practice, including--
                            ``(i) a conversion to a less water-
                        intensive agricultural commodity or practice; 
                        or
                            ``(ii) a resource-conserving crop 
                        rotation.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``or'' 
                        at the end;
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting ``; or''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) the water conservation or irrigation practice 
                addresses regional drought control efforts.'';
            (6) in subsection (i)(3), by striking ``$20,000 per year or 
        $80,000 during any 6-year period'' and inserting ``$160,000 
        during the period of fiscal years 2019 through 2023''; and
            (7) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(j) Micro-EQIP Pilot Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--On request of not more than 10 States, 
        the Secretary may establish under the environmental quality 
        incentives program a pilot program in that State under which 
        the Secretary may--
                    ``(A) provide financial and technical assistance to 
                small-scale agricultural producers, including beginning 
                farmers and ranchers and limited resource producers, 
                that enter into contracts with the Secretary under the 
                pilot program to address natural resource concerns 
                relating to production on small-scale agricultural 
                operations; and
                    ``(B) conduct outreach to small-scale agricultural 
                producers to increase participation in the pilot 
                program.
            ``(2) Payments.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall determine 
                whether a small-scale agricultural producer is eligible 
                to receive payments under this subsection--
                            ``(i) on a State-by-State basis;
                            ``(ii) in consultation with the technical 
                        committee established under section 1261(a) of 
                        the State in which the small-scale agricultural 
                        producer is located; and
                            ``(iii) based on factors that may include--
                                    ``(I) the operations of a small-
                                scale agricultural producer, including 
                                with respect to adjusted gross income 
                                and gross sales;
                                    ``(II) demographic data relating to 
                                small-scale agricultural producers 
                                compiled by the National Agricultural 
                                Statistics Service; and
                                    ``(III) other relevant information, 
                                as determined by the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Amount.--The Secretary shall provide payments 
                under this subsection to a producer that is eligible 
                for the payments under subparagraph (A) in an amount 
                that the Secretary determines is necessary to achieve 
                the purpose described in paragraph (1)(A).
            ``(3) Applications.--
                    ``(A) In general.--To be eligible to receive 
                financial and technical assistance under this 
                subsection, a producer that is eligible for the 
                assistance under paragraph (2)(A) shall submit to the 
                Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, 
                and containing such information as the Secretary may 
                require.
                    ``(B) Administration.--To the maximum extent 
                practicable, the Secretary shall limit the 
                administrative burdens, and the regulatory barriers 
                that contribute to administrative burdens, on producers 
                applying for payments under this subsection, including 
                by streamlining the application and approval processes 
                for payments.
            ``(4) Pilot program coordinator.--The Secretary may 
        designate a pilot program coordinator in each State who--
                    ``(A) at the time of designation is an employee of 
                the Natural Resources Conservation Service in that 
                State; and
                    ``(B) shall be responsible for--
                            ``(i) public outreach relating to the pilot 
                        program under this subsection;
                            ``(ii) assisting producers in the 
                        submission of applications under the pilot 
                        program; and
                            ``(iii) distributing financial and 
                        technical assistance under this subsection in 
                        that State.
            ``(5) Report.--Not later than May 1, 2022, the Secretary 
        shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, 
        and Forestry of the Senate a report describing the results of 
        the pilot program under this subsection, including--
                    ``(A) steps taken under paragraph (3)(B) to limit 
                administrative burdens and regulatory barriers; and
                    ``(B) to the maximum extent practicable, 
                demographic information about each small-scale 
                agricultural producer participating in the pilot 
                program.''.

SEC. 2304. EVALUATION OF APPLICATIONS.

    Section 1240C(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839aa-3(a)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``that will ensure'' and inserting the 
        following: ``that shall--
            ``(1) ensure'';
            (2) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), by striking the 
        period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) give priority to the consideration of the most 
        effective practices to address natural resource concerns on 
        eligible land.''.

SEC. 2305. DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY.

    Section 1240F of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-6) 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``To the extent appropriate,'' and 
        inserting the following:
    ``(a) Assistance to Producers.--To the extent appropriate,''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(b) Streamlining and Coordination.--To the maximum extent 
feasible, the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) provide for streamlined and coordinated procedures 
        for the program and the conservation stewardship program under 
        subchapter B of chapter 2, including applications, contracting, 
        conservation planning, conservation practices, and related 
        administrative procedures; and
            ``(2) coordinate management of the program and the 
        conservation stewardship program under subchapter B of chapter 
        2 to facilitate the ability of a participant in the program to 
        enroll in the conservation stewardship program after meeting 
        the stewardship threshold (as defined in section 1238D) for not 
        less than 2 priority resource concerns under that program.
    ``(c) Soil Health.--To the maximum extent feasible, the Secretary 
shall manage the program to enhance soil health.''.

SEC. 2306. ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY INCENTIVES PROGRAM PLAN.

    Section 1240E(a)(3) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839aa-5(a)(3)) is amended by inserting ``progressive'' before 
``implementation''.

SEC. 2307. CONSERVATION INNOVATION GRANTS AND PAYMENTS.

    Section 1240H of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-8) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as 
                subparagraphs (F) and (G), respectively;
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the 
                following:
                    ``(E) partner with farmers to develop innovative 
                conservation practices for urban, indoor, or other 
                emerging agricultural practices to increase--
                            ``(i) green space;
                            ``(ii) pollinator habitat;
                            ``(iii) stormwater management;
                            ``(iv) carbon sequestration; and
                            ``(v) access to agricultural production 
                        sites through land tenure agreements and other 
                        contracts;'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (F) (as so redesignated), by 
                striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (D) in subparagraph (G) (as so redesignated), by 
                striking the period at the end and inserting ``; and''; 
                and
                    (E) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(H) utilize edge-of-field and other monitoring 
                practices on farms--
                            ``(i) to quantify the impacts of 
                        conservation practices utilized under the 
                        program; and
                            ``(ii) to assist producers in making the 
                        best conservation investments for their 
                        operation.''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 2308. SOIL HEALTH DEMONSTRATION PILOT PROJECT.

    Chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``SEC. 1240I. SOIL HEALTH DEMONSTRATION PILOT PROJECT.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall carry out a pilot project 
that provides financial incentives, as determined by the Secretary, to 
producers to adopt practices designed to improve soil health, including 
by increasing carbon levels in soil (or `soil carbon levels').
    ``(b) Requirements.--In establishing the pilot project under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) identify geographic regions of the United States, 
        including not less than 1 drought prone region, based on 
        factors such as soil type, cropping history, and water 
        availability, in which to establish the pilot project;
            ``(2) establish payments to provide an incentive for the 
        use of practices approved under the pilot project that--
                    ``(A) improve soil health;
                    ``(B) increase carbon levels in the soil; or
                    ``(C) meet the goals described in subparagraphs (A) 
                and (B); and
            ``(3) establish protocols for measuring carbon levels in 
        soil to measure gains in soil health as a result of the 
        practices used in the pilot project.
    ``(c) Study; Report to Congress.--
            ``(1) Study.--Not later than September 30, 2022, the 
        Secretary shall conduct a study regarding changes in soil 
        health, and, if feasible, economic outcomes, as a result of the 
        practices used in the pilot project established under 
        subsection (a).
            ``(2) Report to congress.--Not later than September 30, 
        2023, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report 
        describing and analyzing the results of the study conducted 
        under paragraph (1).
    ``(d) Funding.--Of the funds made available to carry out this 
chapter, the Secretary may use to carry out the pilot project under 
subsection (a) $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 
2023.''.

                Subtitle D--Other Conservation Programs

SEC. 2401. WETLAND CONSERVATION.

    Section 1222(c) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3822(c)) is amended by inserting before the period at the end the 
following: ``in the presence of the person that has received a notice 
of ineligibility under this section, as long as the person makes 
themselves available for the on-site visit''.

SEC. 2402. CONSERVATION SECURITY PROGRAM.

    Subchapter A of chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838 et seq.) is repealed.

SEC. 2403. CONSERVATION OF PRIVATE GRAZING LAND.

    Section 1240M of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(2), by adding at the end the 
        following:
                    ``(C) Partnerships.--In carrying out the program 
                under this section, the Secretary shall provide 
                education and outreach activities through partnerships 
                with--
                            ``(i) land-grant colleges and universities 
                        (as defined in section 1404 of the National 
                        Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
                        Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103)); and
                            ``(ii) nongovernmental organizations.''; 
                        and
            (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''.

SEC. 2404. SOIL HEALTH AND INCOME PROTECTION PROGRAM.

    Chapter 5 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 
1985 is amended by inserting after section 1240M (16 U.S.C. 3839bb) the 
following:

``SEC. 1240N. SOIL HEALTH AND INCOME PROTECTION PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Definition of Eligible Land.--In this section:
            ``(1) In general.--The term `eligible land' means land 
        that--
                    ``(A) is selected by the owner or operator of the 
                land for proposed enrollment in the program under this 
                section; and
                    ``(B) as determined by the Secretary--
                            ``(i) had a cropping history or was 
                        considered to be planted during the 3 crop 
                        years preceding the crop year described in 
                        subsection (b)(2); and
                            ``(ii) is verified to be less-productive 
                        land, as compared to other land on the 
                        applicable farm.
            ``(2) Exclusion.--The term `eligible land' does not include 
        any land covered by a conservation reserve program contract 
        under subchapter B of chapter 1 that expires during the crop 
        year described in subsection (b)(2).
    ``(b) Establishment.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        voluntary soil health and income protection program under which 
        eligible land is enrolled through the use of agreements to 
        assist owners and operators of eligible land to conserve and 
        improve the soil, water, and wildlife resources of the eligible 
        land.
            ``(2) Deadline for participation.--Eligible land may be 
        enrolled in the program under this section only during the 
        first crop year beginning after the date of enactment of the 
        Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018.
    ``(c) Agreements.--
            ``(1) Requirements.--An agreement described in subsection 
        (b) shall--
                    ``(A) be entered into by the Secretary, the owner 
                of the eligible land, and (if applicable) the operator 
                of the eligible land; and
                    ``(B) provide that, during the term of the 
                agreement--
                            ``(i) the lowest practicable cost perennial 
                        conserving use cover crop for the eligible 
                        land, as determined by the applicable State 
                        conservationist after considering the advice of 
                        the applicable State technical committee, shall 
                        be planted on the eligible land;
                            ``(ii) except as provided in paragraph (5), 
                        the owner or operator of the eligible land 
                        shall pay the cost of planting the conserving 
                        use cover crop under clause (i);
                            ``(iii) subject to paragraph (6), the 
                        eligible land may be harvested for seed, hayed, 
                        or grazed outside the nesting and brood-rearing 
                        period established for the applicable county;
                            ``(iv) the eligible land may be eligible 
                        for a walk-in access program of the applicable 
                        State, if any; and
                            ``(v) a nonprofit wildlife organization may 
                        provide to the owner or operator of the 
                        eligible land a payment in exchange for an 
                        agreement by the owner or operator not to 
                        harvest the conserving use cover.
            ``(2) Payments.--Except as provided in paragraphs (5) and 
        (6)(B)(ii), the annual rental rate for a payment under an 
        agreement described in subsection (b) shall be equal to 50 
        percent of the average rental rate for the applicable county 
        under section 1234(d), as determined by the Secretary.
            ``(3) Limitation on enrolled land.--Not more than 15 
        percent of the eligible land on a farm may be enrolled in the 
        program under this section.
            ``(4) Term.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), each agreement described in 
                subsection (b) shall be for a term of 3, 4, or 5 years, 
                as determined by the parties to the agreement.
                    ``(B) Early termination.--
                            ``(i) Secretary.--The Secretary may 
                        terminate an agreement described in subsection 
                        (b) before the end of the term described in 
                        subparagraph (A) if the Secretary determines 
                        that the early termination of the agreement is 
                        necessary.
                            ``(ii) Owners and operators.--An owner and 
                        (if applicable) an operator of eligible land 
                        enrolled in the program under this section may 
                        terminate an agreement described in subsection 
                        (b) before the end of the term described in 
                        subparagraph (A) if the owner and (if 
                        applicable) the operator pay to the Secretary 
                        an amount equal to the amount of rental 
                        payments received under the agreement.
            ``(5) Beginning, small, socially disadvantaged, young, or 
        veteran farmers and ranchers.--With respect to a beginning, 
        small, socially disadvantaged, young, or veteran farmer or 
        rancher, as determined by the Secretary--
                    ``(A) an agreement described in subsection (b) 
                shall provide that, during the term of the agreement, 
                the beginning, underserved, or young farmer or rancher 
                shall pay 50 percent of the cost of planting the 
                conserving use cover crop under paragraph (1)(B)(i); 
                and
                    ``(B) the annual rental rate for a payment under an 
                agreement described in subsection (b) shall be equal to 
                75 percent of the average rental rate for the 
                applicable county under section 1234(d), as determined 
                by the Secretary.
            ``(6) Harvesting, haying, and grazing outside applicable 
        period.--The harvesting for seed, haying, or grazing of 
        eligible land under paragraph (1)(B)(iii) outside of the 
        nesting and brood-rearing period established for the applicable 
        county shall be subject to the conditions that--
                    ``(A) with respect to eligible land that is so 
                hayed or grazed, adequate stubble height shall be 
                maintained to protect the soil on the eligible land, as 
                determined by the applicable State conservationist 
                after considering the advice of the applicable State 
                technical committee; and
                    ``(B) with respect to eligible land that is so 
                harvested for seed--
                            ``(i) the eligible land shall not be 
                        eligible to be insured or reinsured under the 
                        Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et 
                        seq.); and
                            ``(ii) the rental payment otherwise 
                        applicable to the eligible land under this 
                        subsection shall be reduced by 25 percent.
    ``(d) Funding.--There are authorized to be appropriated such sums 
as are necessary to carry out this section.''.

SEC. 2405. GRASSROOTS SOURCE WATER PROTECTION PROGRAM.

    Section 1240O of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-2) 
is amended by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $25,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2019 through 2023.''.

SEC. 2406. SOIL TESTING AND REMEDIATION ASSISTANCE.

    Chapter 5 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 
1985 is amended by inserting after section 1240O (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-2) 
the following:

``SEC. 1240P. SOIL TESTING AND REMEDIATION ASSISTANCE.

    ``(a) Definition of Producer.--In this section, the term `producer' 
includes a small-scale producer of food.
    ``(b) Soil Health and Quality.--To improve the health and quality 
of the soil used for agricultural production, the Secretary shall work 
with producers to mitigate the presence of contaminants in soil, 
including by carrying out subsections (c), (d), and (e).
    ``(c) Soil Testing Protocol.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
        Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, shall 
        establish a coordinated soil testing protocol to simplify the 
        process used by producers to evaluate soil health, including 
        testing for--
                    ``(A) the optimal level of constituents in and 
                characteristics of the soil, such as organic matter, 
                nutrients, and the potential presence of soil 
                contamination from heavy metals, volatile organic 
                compounds, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, or other 
                contaminants; and
                    ``(B) biological and physical characteristics 
                indicative of proper soil functioning.
            ``(2) Public availability.--The Secretary shall make the 
        soil testing protocol established under paragraph (1) available 
        to the public.
    ``(d) Soil Assessment and Remediation Technical Assistance.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide technical 
        assistance to a producer carrying out a soil assessment or soil 
        remediation practice that shall include--
                    ``(A) an overall review of the health of the soil 
                used by the producer for agricultural production;
                    ``(B) testing of the soil, if applicable, to 
                determine the suitability of the soil for agricultural 
                production;
                    ``(C) based on the results of the soil tested under 
                subparagraph (B), a consultation with the producer and 
                a determination of the quality, health, and level of 
                contamination of the soil adequate--
                            ``(i) to protect against a health risk to 
                        producers;
                            ``(ii) to limit contaminants from entering 
                        agricultural products for human consumption; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) to regenerate and sustain the soil; 
                        and
                    ``(D) recommendations on methods to conduct 
                remediation or soil building efforts to improve soils 
                and ensure that the producers--
                            ``(i) are not growing products in soils 
                        with high levels of heavy metals, volatile 
                        organic compounds, polycyclic aromatic 
                        hydrocarbons, or other contaminants;
                            ``(ii) have appropriate information 
                        regarding financial resources and conservation 
                        practices available to keep soil healthy, 
                        including practices, as defined in section 
                        1240A; and
                            ``(iii) are given information about 
                        experts, including experts outside of the 
                        Natural Resources Conservation Service, that 
                        may provide assistance to producers to oversee 
                        and monitor soil under remediation or 
                        regeneration to ensure soils are suitable for 
                        agricultural production in the future.
            ``(2) Education and outreach.--The Secretary shall conduct 
        education and outreach to producers regarding the uses of soil 
        and methods of addressing soil contamination and soil health 
        degradation.
    ``(e) Referral.--On the request of a producer, where soil is found 
to pose an imminent hazard to human health, the Secretary may refer the 
producer to the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency 
for additional assistance for remediation under section 104(k) of the 
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act 
of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9604(k)).''.

SEC. 2407. VOLUNTARY PUBLIC ACCESS AND HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Conservation Innovation Grants and Payments.--Section 1240H of 
the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-8) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``grants'' and 
        inserting ``grants, voluntary public access and habitat 
        incentive program,''; and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d).
    (b) Modifications and Merging of Provisions.--Section 1240R of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-5) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by redesignating 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B) as clauses (i) and (ii), 
                respectively, and indenting appropriately; and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and indenting 
                appropriately;
            (2) in subsection (c), by redesignating paragraphs (1) 
        through (5) as subparagraphs (A) through (E), respectively, and 
        indenting appropriately;
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``section'' and 
                inserting ``subsection''; and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and indenting 
                appropriately;
            (4) in subsection (e), by striking ``section'' and 
        inserting ``subsection'';
            (5) by striking subsection (f);
            (6) by redesignating subsections (a) through (e) as 
        paragraphs (1) through (5), respectively, and indenting 
        appropriately;
            (7) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) Funding.--Of the funds made available to carry out 
        this chapter, the Secretary shall use to carry out this 
        subsection $40,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 2019 
        through 2023.'';
            (8) by striking the section designation and heading and all 
        that follows through ``The Secretary shall establish a 
        voluntary public access program'' in paragraph (1) (as so 
        redesignated) and inserting the following:
    ``(c) Voluntary Public Access and Habitat Incentive Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--Out of the funds made available to carry 
        out this chapter, the Secretary shall carry out a voluntary 
        public access program (referred to in this subsection as the 
        `program')''; and
            (9) by moving subsection (c) (as so amended and 
        redesignated) so as to appear after subsection (b) of section 
        1240H (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-8) (as amended by subsection (a)(2)).

SEC. 2408. AGRICULTURE CONSERVATION EXPERIENCED SERVICES PROGRAM.

    Section 1252 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3851) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Termination of Effectiveness.--The authority provided by this 
section terminates effective October 1, 2023.''.

SEC. 2409. REMOTE TELEMETRY DATA SYSTEM.

    The Food Security Act of 1985 is amended by inserting after section 
1252 (16 U.S.C. 3851) the following:

``SEC. 1253. REMOTE TELEMETRY DATA SYSTEM.

    ``(a) Finding.--Congress finds that a remote telemetry data system, 
as used for irrigation scheduling--
            ``(1) combines the use of field, weather, crop, soil, and 
        irrigation data to ensure that the precise quantity of 
        necessary water is applied to crops; and
            ``(2) saves water and energy while sustaining or increasing 
        crop yields.
    ``(b) Best Practice.--In carrying out the environmental quality 
incentives program established under chapter 4 of subtitle D, the 
Secretary shall encourage as a best management practice the use of 
remote telemetry data systems for irrigation scheduling.''.

SEC. 2410. AGRICULTURAL CONSERVATION EASEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Purposes.--Section 1265(b)(3) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3865(b))(3) is amended by inserting ``that may negatively 
impact the agricultural uses and conservation values'' before ``; 
and''.
    (b) Definitions.--Section 1265A of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3865a) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``subject to an 
        agricultural land easement plan, as approved by the 
        Secretary'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``government or an 
        Indian tribe'' and inserting ``government, an Indian tribe, or 
        an acequia''; and
            (3) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)(i), by striking ``entity;'' 
                and inserting ``entity, unless the land will be 
                enrolled in an agricultural land easement under 
                subparagraph (B);'';
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) and (C) as 
                subparagraphs (C) and (D), respectively; and
                    (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
                following:
                    ``(B) in the case of an agricultural land easement, 
                agricultural land that meets the conditions described 
                in clauses (ii) and (iii) of subparagraph (A) that is 
                owned by an organization described in paragraph (2)(B), 
                on the conditions that--
                            ``(i) if the organization that owns the 
                        land is also the eligible entity that would 
                        hold the agricultural land easement, the 
                        organization that owns the land shall certify 
                        to the Secretary on submission of the 
                        application that the land will be owned by a 
                        farmer or rancher that is not an organization 
                        described in paragraph (2)(B) on acquisition of 
                        the agricultural land easement;
                            ``(ii) if the organization that owns the 
                        land is not the eligible entity that would hold 
                        the agricultural land easement, the 
                        organization that owns the land shall certify, 
                        through an agreement, contract, or guarantee 
                        with the Secretary on submission of the 
                        application, that the organization will 
                        identify a farmer or rancher that is not an 
                        organization described in paragraph (2)(B) and 
                        effect the timely subsequent transfer of the 
                        ownership of the land to that farmer or rancher 
                        after the date of acquisition of the 
                        agricultural land easement; and
                            ``(iii) if the organization that certified 
                        the timely subsequent transfer of the ownership 
                        of the land under clause (ii) breaches the 
                        agreement, contract, or guarantee without 
                        justification and without a plan to effect the 
                        timely transfer of the land, that organization 
                        shall reimburse the Secretary for the entire 
                        amount of the Federal share of cost of each 
                        applicable agricultural land easement.''.
    (c) Agricultural Land Easements.--Section 1265B of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865b) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``provide'' and all 
        that follows through the period at the end and inserting 
        ``implement the program, including technical assistance with 
        the development of a conservation plan under subsection 
        (b)(3).''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), in the matter 
                        preceding clause (i), by striking ``paragraph 
                        (4)'' and inserting ``paragraph (5)''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        clause (ii) and inserting the following:
                            ``(ii) Non-federal share.--The non-Federal 
                        share provided by an eligible entity under 
                        clause (i) may comprise--
                                    ``(I) a charitable donation or 
                                qualified conservation contribution (as 
                                defined in section 170(h) of the 
                                Internal Revenue Code of 1986) from the 
                                private landowner from which the 
                                agricultural land easement will be 
                                purchased;
                                    ``(II) costs associated with 
                                securing a deed to the agricultural 
                                land easement, including the cost of 
                                appraisal, survey, inspection, and 
                                title; and
                                    ``(III) other costs, as determined 
                                by the Secretary.'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (5) as 
                paragraphs (4) through (6), respectively;
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
            ``(3) Condition on assistance.--An eligible entity applying 
        for cost-share assistance under this subsection shall develop 
        an agricultural land easement plan--
                    ``(A) with the landowner of the eligible land 
                subject to the agricultural land easement; and
                    ``(B) that--
                            ``(i) describes the natural resource 
                        concerns on the eligible land subject to the 
                        agricultural land easement;
                            ``(ii) describes the conservation measures 
                        and practices that the landowner of the 
                        eligible land subject to the agricultural land 
                        easement may employ to address the concerns 
                        under clause (i);
                            ``(iii) in the case of grasslands of 
                        special environmental significance, requires 
                        the management of grasslands according to a 
                        grasslands management plan; and
                            ``(iv) in the case of highly erodible 
                        cropland, requires the implementation of a 
                        conservation plan that includes, at the option 
                        of the Secretary, the conversion of highly 
                        erodible cropland to less intensive uses.'';
                    (D) in paragraph (4) (as so redesignated)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) in clause (i), by striking 
                                ``and'' at the end;
                                    (II) in clause (ii), by striking 
                                the period at the end and inserting ``; 
                                and''; and
                                    (III) by adding at the end the 
                                following:
                            ``(iii) consultation with the appropriate 
                        State technical committee established under 
                        section 1261 to adjust evaluation and ranking 
                        criteria to account for geographic nuances if 
                        those adjustments--
                                    ``(I) meet the purposes of the 
                                program; and
                                    ``(II) continue to maximize the 
                                benefits of Federal investment under 
                                the program.''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) Priority.--In evaluating applications under 
                the program, the Secretary may give priority to an 
                application for the purchase of an agricultural land 
                easement that, as determined by the Secretary, 
                maintains agricultural viability.'';
                    (E) in paragraph (5) (as so redesignated)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (B)(i), by striking 
                        ``paragraph (5)'' and inserting ``paragraph 
                        (6)'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C)--
                                    (I) in clause (i), by inserting 
                                ``and the agricultural activities to be 
                                conducted on the eligible land'' after 
                                ``program''; and
                                    (II) by striking clause (iv) and 
                                inserting the following:
                            ``(iv) exclude a right of inspection, 
                        unless the eligible entity fails to provide 
                        monitoring reports to the Secretary;'';
                            (iii) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) 
                        and (E) as subparagraphs (E) and (F), 
                        respectively; and
                            (iv) by inserting after subparagraph (C) 
                        the following:
                    ``(D) Additional permitted terms and conditions.--
                An eligible entity may include terms and conditions for 
                an agricultural land easement that--
                            ``(i) are intended to keep the land subject 
                        to the agricultural land easement in farmer 
                        ownership, as determined by the Secretary; and
                            ``(ii) include other relevant activities 
                        relating to the agricultural land easement, as 
                        determined by the Secretary.''; and
                    (F) in paragraph (6) (as so redesignated)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) in clause (iii), by 
                                redesignating subclauses (I) through 
                                (III) as items (aa) through (cc), 
                                respectively, and indenting 
                                appropriately;
                                    (II) by redesignating clauses (i) 
                                through (iii) as subclauses (I) through 
                                (III), respectively, and indenting 
                                appropriately;
                                    (III) in the matter preceding 
                                subclause (I) (as so redesignated), by 
                                striking ``entity will'' and inserting 
                                the following: ``eligible entity--
                            ``(i) will'';
                                    (IV) in clause (i)(III)(cc) (as so 
                                redesignated), by striking the period 
                                at the end and inserting a semicolon; 
                                and
                                    (V) by adding at the end the 
                                following:
                            ``(ii) has--
                                    ``(I) been accredited by the Land 
                                Trust Accreditation Commission, or by 
                                an equivalent accrediting body, as 
                                determined by the Secretary; and
                                    ``(II) acquired not fewer than 10 
                                agricultural land easements under the 
                                program; and
                                    ``(III) successfully met the 
                                responsibilities of the eligible entity 
                                under the applicable agreements with 
                                the Secretary, as determined by the 
                                Secretary, relating to agricultural 
                                land easements that the eligible entity 
                                has acquired under the program; or
                            ``(iii) is a State department of 
                        agriculture or other State agency with 
                        statutory authority for farm and ranchland 
                        protection that has--
                                    ``(I) acquired not fewer than 10 
                                agricultural land easements under the 
                                program; and
                                    ``(II) successfully met the 
                                responsibilities of the eligible entity 
                                under the applicable agreements with 
                                the Secretary, as determined by the 
                                Secretary, relating to agricultural 
                                land easements that the eligible entity 
                                has acquired under the program.'';
                            (ii) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as 
                        subparagraph (D); and
                            (iii) by inserting after subparagraph (B) 
                        the following:
                    ``(C) Terms and conditions.--Notwithstanding 
                paragraph (5)(C), to account for geographic and other 
                differences among States and regions, an eligible 
                entity certified under subparagraph (A) may use terms 
                and conditions established by the eligible entity for 
                agricultural land easements, on the condition that 
                those terms and conditions shall be consistent with the 
                purposes of the program.''.
    (d) Wetland Reserve Easements.--Section 1265C of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865c) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(D), by inserting ``and 
                acequias'' after ``Indian tribes''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) in clause (iii), by striking 
                                ``and'' at the end;
                                    (II) by redesignating clause (iv) 
                                as clause (v); and
                                    (III) by inserting after clause 
                                (iii) the following:
                            ``(iv) the ability of the land to sequester 
                        carbon; and''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C), by inserting 
                        ``and improving water quality'' before the 
                        period at the end;
            (2) in subsection (d)(2), by striking ``or Indian tribe'' 
        and inserting ``Indian tribe, or acequia'';
            (3) in subsection (e), by striking ``or Indian tribe'' and 
        inserting ``Indian tribe, or acequia''; and
            (4) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as 
                paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
            ``(2) Native vegetation.--The Secretary may allow the 
        establishment or restoration of an alternative vegetative 
        community on the entirety of the eligible land subject to a 
        wetland reserve easement if that alternative vegetative 
        community--
                    ``(A) will substantially support or benefit 
                migratory waterfowl or other wetland wildlife; or
                    ``(B) will meet local resource concerns or needs 
                (including as an element of a regional, State, or local 
                wildlife initiative or plan).''.
    (e) Administration.--Section 1265D of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3865d) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``subject to 
                paragraph (2),'' before ``lands owned'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (4) as 
                subparagraphs (A) through (D), respectively, and 
                indenting appropriately;
                    (C) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) (as so 
                redesignated), by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
                inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Land owned by acequias.--Notwithstanding paragraph 
        (1)(B), the Secretary may use program funds for the purpose of 
        acquiring an easement on land owned by an acequia.''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``transferred 
                into the program'' and inserting ``enrolled in an 
                easement under section 1265C(b)''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Agricultural land easements.--A farmer or rancher who 
        owns eligible land subject to an agricultural land easement may 
        enter into a contract under subchapter B of chapter 1.''.

SEC. 2411. REGIONAL CONSERVATION PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment and Purposes.--Section 1271 of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3871) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, including 
                grant agreements under section 1271C(d),'' after 
                ``partnership agreements''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``contracts with 
                producers'' and inserting ``program contracts with 
                eligible producers''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding 
                subparagraph (A), by striking ``use covered programs'' 
                and inserting ``carry out conservation activities'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(2) To further the conservation, protection, restoration, 
        and sustainable use of soil, water (including sources of 
        drinking water), wildlife, agricultural land, and related 
        natural resources on eligible land on a regional or watershed 
        scale.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A), by inserting ``eligible'' before 
                        ``producers''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``installation'' and inserting ``adoption, 
                        installation,''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) To encourage the flexible and streamlined delivery of 
        conservation assistance to eligible producers through 
        partnership agreements.
            ``(5) To encourage alignment of partnership projects with 
        other Federal, State, and local agencies and programs 
        addressing similar natural resource or environmental concerns 
        in a coordinated manner.
            ``(6) To engage eligible producers in conservation projects 
        to achieve greater conservation outcomes and benefits for 
        eligible producers than would otherwise be achieved.
            ``(7) To advance conservation and rural community 
        development goals simultaneously.''.
    (b) Definitions.--Section 1271A of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3871a) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                inserting ``a purpose, activity, or agreement under any 
                of'' after ``means''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) The conservation reserve program established 
                under subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D.
                    ``(F) The program established by the Secretary to 
                carry out the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention 
                Act (16 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.), except for any program 
                established by the Secretary to carry out section 14 
                (16 U.S.C. 1012) of that Act.'';
            (2) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(2) Eligible activity.--The term `eligible activity' 
        means--
                    ``(A) an eligible activity under the statutory 
                authority for a covered program; and
                    ``(B) any other related activity that an eligible 
                partner determines will help address natural resource 
                concerns, subject to the approval of the Secretary, 
                including for--
                            ``(i) the protection of source waters for 
                        drinking water;
                            ``(ii) soil health; or
                            ``(iii) improving drought resilience, 
                        particularly in regions with a history of 
                        persistent drought.
            ``(3) Eligible land.--The term `eligible land' means--
                    ``(A) eligible land under the statutory authority 
                for a covered program; and
                    ``(B) any other agricultural or nonindustrial 
                private forest land or associated land on which the 
                Secretary determines an eligible activity would help 
                address natural resource concerns.'';
            (3) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (E), by inserting ``acequia,'' 
                after ``irrigation district,''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(I) An organization described in clause (i), 
                (ii), or (iii) of section 1265A(2)(B).
                    ``(J) A conservation district.'';
            (4) by redesignating paragraphs (5) and (6) as paragraphs 
        (6) and (7), respectively;
            (5) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
            ``(5) Eligible producer.--The term `eligible producer' 
        means a person, legal entity, or Indian tribe that is an owner 
        or operator on eligible land.''; and
            (6) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(8) Program contract.--The term `program contract' means 
        the contract established by the Secretary under section 
        1271C(b)(1).''.
    (c) Regional Conservation Partnerships.--Section 1271B of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3871b) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``eligible'' before 
        ``producers'';
            (2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Maximum Length.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        term of a partnership agreement shall not be longer than 5 
        years.
            ``(2) Exceptions.--
                    ``(A) Concurrent program deadline.--Subject to 
                approval by the Secretary, the term of a partnership 
                agreement may be longer than 5 years if the longer 
                period is concurrent with a deadline established under 
                a State or Federal program that relates specifically to 
                the project.
                    ``(B) Special circumstances.--In the case of 
                special circumstances outside the control of an 
                eligible partner (as determined by the Secretary) that 
                have created a delay in the implementation of a project 
                of the eligible partner, the eligible partner may 
                request an extension of the term of the partnership 
                agreement.
            ``(3) Partnership agreement renewals.--If an eligible 
        partner demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Secretary that 
        the eligible partner has made progress in addressing 1 or more 
        natural resource concerns defined in the partnership agreement, 
        not earlier than 1 year before the date of expiration of the 
        partnership agreement, the eligible partner may request from 
        the Secretary a renewal of the partnership agreement, including 
        a renewal of funding, through an expedited approval process--
                    ``(A) to continue to implement the partnership 
                agreement;
                    ``(B) to expand the scope of the partnership 
                agreement;
                    ``(C) to enroll additional eligible producers; or
                    ``(D) to carry out other conservation activities 
                relating to the project, including the assessment of 
                the project under subsection (c)(1)(E), as mutually 
                agreed by the Secretary and the eligible partner.'';
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by redesignating clauses (iii) 
                                and (iv) as clauses (iv) and (v), 
                                respectively; and
                                    (II) by striking clauses (i) and 
                                (ii) and inserting the following:
                            ``(i) 1 or more natural resource concerns 
                        that the project shall address;
                            ``(ii) the eligible activities on eligible 
                        land to be conducted under the project to 
                        address the natural resource concerns;
                            ``(iii) the implementation timeline for 
                        carrying out the project, including any interim 
                        milestones;'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by inserting 
                        ``eligible'' before ``producers'';
                            (iii) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``a 
                        producer'' each place it appears and inserting 
                        ``an eligible producer'';
                            (iv) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``or 
                        in-kind contributions'' after ``additional 
                        funds''; and
                            (v) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``of 
                        the project's effects; and'' and inserting the 
                        following: ``of--
                            ``(i) the progress made by the project in 
                        addressing each natural resource concern 
                        defined in the partnership agreement, including 
                        in a quantified form; and
                            ``(ii) as appropriate, other environmental, 
                        economic, or social outcomes of the project; 
                        and''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``An eligible'' and 
                        inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--An eligible''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) Form.--A contribution of an eligible partner 
                under this paragraph may be in the form of--
                            ``(i) direct funding;
                            ``(ii) in-kind support; or
                            ``(iii) a combination of direct funding and 
                        in-kind support.
                    ``(C) Treatment.--Any amounts expended during the 
                period beginning on the date on which the Secretary 
                announces the approval of an application under 
                subsection (e) and ending on the day before the 
                effective date of the partnership agreement by an 
                eligible partner for staff salaries or development of 
                the partnership agreement shall be considered to be a 
                part of the contribution of the eligible partner under 
                this paragraph.'';
            (4) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e);
            (5) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:
    ``(d) Duties of Secretary.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(1) establish a timeline for carrying out the duties of 
        the Secretary under a partnership agreement, including--
                    ``(A) entering into contracts with eligible 
                producers;
                    ``(B) providing financial assistance to eligible 
                producers; and
                    ``(C) in the case of a partnership agreement that 
                is a grant agreement under section 1271C(d), providing 
                the grant amounts to the eligible partner;
            ``(2) establish in each State a program coordinator for the 
        State, who shall be responsible solely for providing assistance 
        to eligible partners and eligible producers under the program;
            ``(3) establish guidance to assist eligible partners with 
        carrying out the assessment required under subsection 
        (c)(1)(E);
            ``(4) provide to each eligible partner that has entered 
        into a partnership agreement--
                    ``(A) a semiannual report describing the status of 
                each pending and obligated contract under the project 
                of the eligible partner; and
                    ``(B) an annual report describing how the Secretary 
                used amounts reserved by the Secretary for that year 
                for technical assistance under section 1271D(f);
            ``(5) allow an eligible partner to use a new or modified 
        conservation practice standard under a partnership agreement, 
        if the Secretary ensures that the new or modified conservation 
        practice standard--
                    ``(A) is based on the best available science;
                    ``(B) is implemented after consultation with the 
                Secretary at the local level to assess the anticipated 
                effectiveness of the new or modified conservation 
                practice standard; and
                    ``(C) effectively addresses natural resource 
                concerns; and
            ``(6) ensure that any eligible activity effectively 
        addresses natural resource concerns.''; and
            (6) in subsection (e) (as redesignated by paragraph (4))--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(2) Criteria used.--In carrying out the process described 
        in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) make public the criteria used in evaluating 
                applications; and
                    ``(B) in the case of an application submitted by a 
                lead eligible partner that identifies a local 
                conservation district as another eligible partner for 
                the project, evaluate the engagement of the lead 
                eligible partner with the local conservation district 
                to ensure local input.'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) by striking the paragraph designation 
                        and heading and all that follows through 
                        ``description of--'' and inserting the 
                        following:
            ``(3) Contents.--The Secretary shall develop a simplified 
        application process that requires each application submitted 
        under this subsection to include a description of--'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``, 
                        including the covered programs to be used''; 
                        and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (D), by inserting 
                        ``or in-kind'' after ``financial'';
                    (C) in paragraph (4)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A), by striking ``may'' and inserting 
                        ``shall'';
                            (ii) in subparagraphs (A) and (B), by 
                        inserting ``eligible'' before ``producers'' 
                        each place it appears;
                            (iii) by striking subparagraph (D);
                            (iv) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and 
                        (F) as subparagraphs (G) and (H), respectively; 
                        and
                            (v) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                        following:
                    ``(D) build new partnerships at the local, State, 
                and corporate levels or include a diversity of 
                stakeholders in the project;
                    ``(E) deliver a high percentage of applied 
                conservation--
                            ``(i) to address the identified natural 
                        resource concerns; or
                            ``(ii) in the case of a project in a 
                        critical conservation area under section 1271F, 
                        to address the critical conservation condition 
                        for that critical conservation area;
                    ``(F)(i) develop and implement new watershed or 
                habitat plans to address 1 or more natural resource 
                concerns; or
                    ``(ii) implement the project consistent with 
                existing watershed restoration plans;''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Review.--To the extent practicable, after receipt of 
        an application under this subsection, the Secretary shall 
        provide to each applicant information and feedback (including 
        written information and feedback, as the Secretary determines 
        to be appropriate) throughout the annual program application 
        process for any improvements that could be made to the 
        application.''.
    (d) Assistance to Eligible Producers.--Section 1271C of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3871c) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``eligible'' 
        before ``producers'';
            (2) by striking subsections (a) and (b) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(a) In General.--An eligible producer may receive financial or 
technical assistance to conduct eligible activities on eligible land 
through a program contract entered into with the Secretary.
    ``(b) Program Contracts.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a program 
        contract to be entered into with an eligible producer to 
        conduct eligible activities on eligible land, subject to such 
        terms and conditions as the Secretary may establish.
            ``(2) Application bundles.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An eligible partner may submit 
                to the Secretary, on behalf of eligible producers, a 
                bundle of applications for assistance under the program 
                through program contracts to address a substantial 
                portion of a natural resource concern defined in the 
                partnership agreement.
                    ``(B) Priority.--The Secretary shall give priority 
                to applications described in subparagraph (A).'';
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``In accordance 
                with statutory requirements of the covered programs 
                involved, the Secretary may make payments to a 
                producer'' and inserting ``Subject to section 1271D, 
                the Secretary may make payments to an eligible 
                producer'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``eligible'' 
                before ``producers'' each place it appears; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``participating'' 
                and inserting ``eligible''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Funding Arrangements Through Grant Agreements.--
            ``(1) In general.--A partnership agreement may be a grant 
        agreement entered into with an eligible partner in accordance 
        with this subsection.
            ``(2) Requirements.--Under a grant agreement under 
        paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) using amounts made available to carry out 
                this subtitle, the Secretary shall provide to the 
                eligible partner a grant;
                    ``(B) the eligible partner shall carry out eligible 
                activities on eligible land (including by contracting 
                with 1 or more producers, if the eligible partner 
                determines the contracting to be appropriate), on the 
                condition that the eligible activities directly or 
                indirectly benefit agricultural producers (including 
                forestry producers), to address natural resource 
                concerns on a regional or watershed scale, such as--
                            ``(i) infrastructure investments relating 
                        to agricultural or nonindustrial private forest 
                        production that would benefit multiple 
                        producers, such as a multiproducer irrigation 
                        water delivery system, including investments to 
                        address drought;
                            ``(ii) projects addressing water quality or 
                        quantity concerns (including drought) in 
                        coordination with producers, including the 
                        development and implementation of watershed 
                        plans;
                            ``(iii) projects that use innovative 
                        approaches to leveraging the Federal investment 
                        in conservation with private financial 
                        mechanisms, in conjunction with agricultural 
                        production or forest resource management, such 
                        as--
                                    ``(I) the provision of performance-
                                based payments to eligible producers; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) support for an environmental 
                                market;
                            ``(iv) projects that facilitate pilot 
                        testing of new conservation practices, 
                        technologies, or activities;
                            ``(v) projects that promote the long-term 
                        viability and sustainability of agricultural 
                        land through innovative agricultural land and 
                        water protection strategies and mechanisms, 
                        including projects that support the transfer of 
                        land to beginning farmers and ranchers, veteran 
                        farmers and ranchers, socially disadvantaged 
                        farmers and ranchers, and limited resource 
                        farmers and ranchers; and
                            ``(vi) other projects for which the 
                        Secretary determines that the goals and 
                        objectives of the program would be easier to 
                        achieve through the grant agreement; and
                    ``(C) the Secretary may provide technical and 
                administrative assistance, as mutually agreed by the 
                parties.
            ``(3) Nonapplicability of adjusted gross income 
        limitation.--The adjusted gross income limitation described in 
        section 1001D(b)(1) shall not apply to the receipt by an 
        eligible partner of a grant under this subsection.
            ``(4) Limitation.--The Secretary may not use more than 30 
        percent of funding made available to carry out the program for 
        grant agreements.
            ``(5) Reports.--An eligible partner that enters into a 
        grant agreement under this subsection shall submit to the 
        Secretary--
                    ``(A) any information that the Secretary requires 
                to prepare the report under section 1271E(b); and
                    ``(B) an annual report that describes the status of 
                the project carried out by the eligible partner, 
                including a description of--
                            ``(i) the use of the grant funds;
                            ``(ii) any subcontracts awarded using grant 
                        funds;
                            ``(iii) the eligible producers receiving 
                        funding using the grant funds;
                            ``(iv)(I) the progress made by the project 
                        in addressing each natural resource concern 
                        defined in the grant agreement, including in a 
                        quantified form; and
                            ``(II) as appropriate, other environmental, 
                        economic, or social outcomes of the project; 
                        and
                            ``(v) any other reporting data the 
                        Secretary determines are necessary to ensure 
                        compliance with the program rules.''.
    (e) Funding.--Section 1271D of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3871d) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``$100,000,000'' and inserting 
                ``$200,000,000''; and
                    (B) by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting 
                ``2019 through 2023'';
            (2) in subsection (c), by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) 
        and inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--To ensure that additional resources are 
        available to carry out the program, in addition to the funds 
        made available under subsection (a), for each fiscal year the 
        Secretary shall transfer 7 percent of the funds and acres made 
        available for the following programs:
                    ``(A) The conservation stewardship program 
                established under subchapter B of chapter 2 of subtitle 
                D.
                    ``(B) The environmental quality incentives program 
                established under chapter 4 of subtitle D.
                    ``(C) The agricultural conservation easement 
                program established under subtitle H.
            ``(2) Duration of availability.--Any funds or acres 
        transferred under paragraph (1) shall remain available for 
        obligation only for the purposes of carrying out the program 
        until expended.
            ``(3) Distribution of funds.--To the maximum extent 
        practicable, of projects receiving funds or acres transferred 
        under paragraph (1) from a program described in subparagraph 
        (A), (B), or (C) of that paragraph, the percentage of projects 
        that shall have purposes similar to the purposes of the 
        applicable program from which funds or acres were transferred 
        shall be approximately equal to the percentage of funds or 
        acres transferred from the applicable program.'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``25 percent of 
                the funds and acres to projects based on a State 
                competitive process administered by the State 
                Conservationist, with the advice of the State technical 
                committee'' and inserting the following: ``40 percent 
                of the funds and acres to projects based on a State or 
                multistate competitive process administered by the 
                Secretary at the local level with the advice of the 
                applicable State technical committees'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2);
                    (C) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph 
                (2); and
                    (D) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), by 
                striking ``35 percent'' and inserting ``60 percent'';
            (4) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) by striking ``None of the funds'' and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        none of the funds''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Project development and outreach.--Under a 
        partnership agreement, the Secretary may advance reasonable 
        amounts of funding for technical assistance to eligible 
        partners to conduct project development and outreach activities 
        in a project area, including--
                    ``(A) providing outreach and education to eligible 
                producers for potential participation in the project;
                    ``(B) developing a watershed or habitat plan;
                    ``(C) establishing baseline metrics to support the 
                development of the assessment required under section 
                1271B(c)(1)(E); or
                    ``(D) providing technical assistance to eligible 
                producers.
            ``(3) Reimbursement.--The Secretary may reimburse 
        reasonable amounts of funding for activities conducted during 
        the period beginning on the date on which the Secretary 
        announces the approval of an application under section 1271B(e) 
        and ending on the day before the effective date of the 
        partnership agreement.''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Technical Assistance.--
            ``(1) In general.--At the time of project selection, the 
        Secretary shall identify and make publically available the 
        amount that the Secretary shall use to provide technical 
        assistance under the terms of the partnership agreement.
            ``(2) Limitation.--The Secretary shall limit costs of the 
        Secretary for technical assistance to costs specific and 
        necessary to carry out the objectives of the program.
            ``(3) Third-party providers.--The Secretary shall develop 
        and implement strategies to encourage third-party technical 
        service providers to provide technical assistance to eligible 
        partners pursuant to a partnership agreement.''.
    (f) Administration.--Section 1271E of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3871e) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``December 31, 2014'' and inserting ``December 
                31, 2018'';
                    (B) in paragraphs (1) and (2), by inserting 
                ``eligible'' before ``producers'' each place it 
                appears;
                    (C) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (4) as 
                paragraphs (2) through (5), respectively; and
                    (D) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so 
                redesignated) the following:
            ``(1) a summary of--
                    ``(A) the progress made towards addressing the 1 or 
                more natural resource concerns defined for the 
                projects; and
                    ``(B) any other related environmental, social, or 
                economic outcomes of the projects;''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Compliance With Certain Requirements.--The Secretary may not 
provide assistance under the program to an eligible producer unless the 
eligible producer agrees, during the program year for which the 
assistance is provided--
            ``(1) to comply with applicable conservation requirements 
        under subtitle B; and
            ``(2) to comply with applicable wetland protection 
        requirements under subtitle C.
    ``(d) Historically Underserved Producers.--To the maximum extent 
practicable, in carrying out the program, the Secretary shall work with 
eligible partners to maintain eligible benefits available through the 
covered programs for beginning farmers and ranchers, veteran farmers 
and ranchers, socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers, and limited 
resource farmers and ranchers.
    ``(e) Regulations.--The Secretary shall issue regulations to carry 
out the program.''.
    (g) Critical Conservation Areas.--Section 1271F of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3871f) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (a), (b), and (c) as 
        subsections (b), (c), and (e), respectively;
            (2) by inserting before subsection (b) (as so redesignated) 
        the following:
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Critical conservation area.--The term `critical 
        conservation area' means a geographical area that contains a 
        critical conservation condition that can be addressed through 
        the program.
            ``(2) Critical conservation condition.--The term `critical 
        conservation condition' means--
                    ``(A) a condition of land that would benefit from 
                water quality improvement, including through reducing 
                erosion, promoting sediment control, and addressing 
                nutrient management activities affecting large bodies 
                of water of regional, national, or international 
                significance; and
                    ``(B) a condition of land that would benefit from 
                water quantity improvement, including improvement 
                relating to--
                            ``(i) drought;
                            ``(ii) groundwater, surface water, aquifer, 
                        or other water sources; or
                            ``(iii) water retention and flood 
                        prevention.'';
            (3) in subsection (b) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) by striking ``producer'' and inserting 
                ``program''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``that address each critical 
                conservation condition for which the critical 
                conservation area is designated'' before the period at 
                the end;
            (4) in subsection (c) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (3) as 
                paragraphs (2) through (4), respectively;
                    (B) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so 
                redesignated) the following:
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall identify 1 or more 
        critical conservation conditions that apply to each critical 
        conservation area designated under this section after the date 
        of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (Public Law 113-
        79; 128 Stat. 649), including the conservation goals and 
        outcomes sufficient to demonstrate that progress is being made 
        to address the critical conservation conditions.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated)--
                            (i) by striking subparagraphs (C) and (D) 
                        and inserting the following:
                    ``(C) contains a critical conservation condition; 
                or'';
                            (ii) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as 
                        subparagraph (D); and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (D) (as so 
                        redesignated), by inserting ``eligible'' before 
                        ``producers''; and
                    (D) by striking paragraph (3) (as so redesignated) 
                and inserting the following:
            ``(3) Review and withdrawal.--The Secretary may--
                    ``(A) review designations of critical conservation 
                areas under this section not more frequently than once 
                every 5 years; and
                    ``(B) withdraw designation of a critical 
                conservation area only if the Secretary determines that 
                the area is no longer a critical conservation area.'';
            (5) by inserting after subsection (c) (as so redesignated) 
        the following:
    ``(d) Outreach to Eligible Partners and Eligible Producers.--The 
Secretary shall provide outreach and education to eligible partners and 
eligible producers in critical conservation areas designated under this 
section to encourage the development of projects to address each 
critical conservation condition identified by the Secretary for that 
critical conservation area.'';
            (6) in subsection (e) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``producer'' and 
                inserting ``program''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (3); and
            (7) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Reports.--Not later than December 31, 2018, and each year 
thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture 
of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report describing the status of 
each critical conservation condition for each critical conservation 
area designated under this section, including--
            ``(1) the conditions for which each critical conservation 
        area is designated;
            ``(2) conservation goals and outcomes sufficient to 
        demonstrate that progress is being made to address the critical 
        conservation conditions;
            ``(3) the partnership agreements selected to address each 
        conservation goal and outcome; and
            ``(4) the extent to which each conservation goal and 
        outcome is being addressed by the partnership agreements.''.
    (h) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 1271E of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
        U.S.C. 3871e) (as amended by subsection (f)) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``1271B(d)'' 
                each place it appears and inserting ``1271B(e)''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)(5), in the matter preceding 
                subparagraph (A), by striking ``1271C(b)(2)'' and 
                inserting ``1271C(d)''.
            (2) Section 1271F of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
        U.S.C. 3871f) is amended in subsection (b) (as redesignated by 
        subsection (g)(1)) by striking ``1271D(d)(3)'' and inserting 
        ``1271D(d)(2)''.

SEC. 2412. WETLAND CONVERSION.

    Section 1221(d) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3821(d)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Except as'' and inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--Except as''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Duty of the secretary.--No person shall become 
        ineligible under paragraph (1) if the Secretary determines that 
        an exemption under section 1222(b) applies to that person.''.

SEC. 2413. DELINEATION OF WETLANDS.

    (a) Identification of Minimal Effect Exemptions.--Section 1222(d) 
of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3822(d)) is amended--
            (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``For purposes'' and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--For purposes''; and
            (2) in paragraph (1) (as so designated)--
                    (A) in the first sentence, by inserting ``not later 
                than 1 year after the date of enactment of the 
                Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, in accordance with 
                paragraph (2),'' before ``the Secretary''; and
                    (B) in the second sentence, by striking ``The 
                Secretary'' and inserting the following:
            ``(2) Requirements.--The Secretary shall carry out 
        paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) in compliance with applicable Federal 
                environmental laws, including the National 
                Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
                seq.);
                    ``(B) in accordance with subsections (d) and (e) of 
                section 12.31 of title 7, Code of Federal Regulations 
                (as in effect on the date of enactment of the 
                Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018); and
                    ``(C) in consultation with--
                            ``(i) State technical committees 
                        established under section 1261(a);
                            ``(ii) State wildlife and water resource 
                        agencies;
                            ``(iii) the Director of the United States 
                        Fish and Wildlife Service;
                            ``(iv) State Committees of the Farm Service 
                        Agency; and
                            ``(v) agricultural commodity organizations.
            ``(3) Training of employees.--The Secretary''.
    (b) Mitigation Banking.--Section 1222(k)(1) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3822(k)(1)) is amended by striking subparagraph 
(B) and inserting the following:
                    ``(B) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
                authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry 
                out this paragraph $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                2019 through 2023.''.

SEC. 2414. EMERGENCY CONSERVATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Watershed Protection Program.--Section 403 of the Agricultural 
Credit Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2203) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``measures'' and 
        inserting ``watershed protection program''; and
            (2) in subsection (a), by inserting ``watershed 
        protection'' after ``emergency''.
    (b) Payment Limitations.--Title IV of the Agricultural Credit Act 
of 1978 is amended by inserting after section 403 (16 U.S.C. 2203) the 
following:

``SEC. 403A. PAYMENT LIMITATION.

    ``The maximum payment made under the emergency conservation program 
to an agricultural producer under this title may not exceed 
$500,000.''.
    (c) Funding and Administration.--Section 404 of the Agricultural 
Credit Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2204) is amended--
            (1) in the fourth sentence, by striking ``The Corporation'' 
        and inserting the following:
    ``(d) Limitation.--The Commodity Credit Corporation'';
            (2) in the third sentence, by striking ``In implementing 
        the provisions of'' and inserting the following:
    ``(c) Use of Commodity Credit Corporation.--In implementing'';
            (3) by striking the second sentence;
            (4) by striking the section designation and all that 
        follows through ``There are authorized'' in the first sentence 
        and inserting the following:

``SEC. 404. FUNDING AND ADMINISTRATION.

    ``(a) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized'';
            (5) in subsection (a) (as so designated), by inserting ``, 
        to remain available until expended'' before the period at the 
        end; and
            (6) by inserting after subsection (a) (as so designated) 
        the following:
    ``(b) Set-aside for Fencing.--Of the amounts made available under 
subsection (a) for a fiscal year, 25 percent shall be set aside until 
April 1 of that fiscal year for the repair or replacement of 
fencing.''.

SEC. 2415. WATERSHED PROTECTION AND FLOOD PREVENTION.

    Section 10 of the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 
U.S.C. 1007) is amended by striking the section designation and all 
that follows through ``No appropriation'' in the second sentence and 
inserting the following:

``SEC. 10. FUNDING.

    ``(a) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this Act $200,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2019 through 2023.
    ``(b) Limitations.--No appropriation''.

SEC. 2416. SMALL WATERSHED REHABILITATION PROGRAM.

    Section 14(h)(2) of the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention 
Act (16 U.S.C. 1012(h)(2)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (E), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(F) $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 
                through 2023.''.

SEC. 2417. REPEAL OF CONSERVATION CORRIDOR DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle G of title II of the Farm Security and 
Rural Investment Act of 2002 (16 U.S.C. 3801 note; Public Law 107-171) 
is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 5059 of the Water Resources 
Development Act of 2007 (16 U.S.C. 3801 note; Public Law 110-114) is 
repealed.

SEC. 2418. REPEAL OF CRANBERRY ACREAGE RESERVE PROGRAM.

    Section 10608 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(16 U.S.C. 3801 note; Public Law 107-171) is repealed.

SEC. 2419. REPEAL OF NATIONAL NATURAL RESOURCES FOUNDATION.

    Subtitle F of title II of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and 
Reform Act of 1996 (16 U.S.C. 5801 et seq.) is repealed.

SEC. 2420. REPEAL OF FLOOD RISK REDUCTION.

    Section 385 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act 
of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7334) is repealed.

SEC. 2421. REPEAL OF STUDY OF LAND USE FOR EXPIRING CONTRACTS AND 
              EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY.

    Section 1437 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (16 U.S.C. 3831 note; Public Law 101-624) is repealed.

SEC. 2422. REPEAL OF INTEGRATED FARM MANAGEMENT PROGRAM OPTION.

    Section 1451 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5822) is repealed.

SEC. 2423. REPEAL OF CLARIFICATION OF DEFINITION OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS.

    Section 325 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act 
of 1996 (Public Law 104-127; 110 Stat. 992) is repealed.

SEC. 2424. RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

    Section 1537 of the Agriculture and Food Act of 1981 (16 U.S.C. 
3460) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1537. TERMINATION OF EFFECTIVENESS.

    ``The authority provided by this subtitle terminates effective 
October 1, 2023.''.

SEC. 2425. WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary and the Secretary of the Interior 
shall continue to carry out the Working Lands for Wildlife model of 
conservation on working landscapes, as implemented on the day before 
the date of enactment of this Act, in accordance with--
            (1) the document entitled ``Partnership Agreement Between 
        the United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources 
        Conservation Service and the United States Department of the 
        Interior Fish and Wildlife Service'', numbered A-3A75-16-937, 
        and formalized by the Chief of the Natural Resources 
        Conservation Service on September 15, 2016, and by the Director 
        of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service on August 4, 
        2016, as in effect on September 15, 2016; and
            (2) United States Fish and Wildlife Service Director's 
        Order No. 217, dated August 9, 2016, as in effect on August 9, 
        2016.
    (b) Expansion of Model.--The Secretary and the Secretary of the 
Interior may expand the conservation model described in subsection (a) 
through a new partnership agreement between the Farm Service Agency and 
the United States Fish and Wildlife Service for the purpose of carrying 
out conservation activities for species conservation.
    (c) Extension of Period of Regulatory Predictability.--
            (1) Definition of period of regulatory predictability.--In 
        this subsection, the term ``period of regulatory 
        predictability'' means the period of regulatory predictability 
        under the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et 
        seq.) initially determined in accordance with the document and 
        order described in paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively, of 
        subsection (a).
            (2) Extension.--After the period of regulatory 
        predictability, on request of the Secretary, the Secretary of 
        the Interior, acting through the Director of the United States 
        Fish and Wildlife Service, may provide additional consultation 
        under section 7(a)(2) of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 
        U.S.C. 1536(a)(2)), or additional conference under section 
        7(a)(4) of that Act (16 U.S.C. 1536(a)(4)), as applicable, with 
        the Chief of the Natural Resources Conservation Service or the 
        Administrator of the Farm Service Agency, as applicable, to 
        extend the period of regulatory predictability.
    (d) Regulatory Certainty.--Section 1244 of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(n) Regulatory Certainty.--
            ``(1) In general.--In addition to technical and 
        programmatic information that the Secretary is otherwise 
        authorized to provide, on request of a Federal agency, a State, 
        an Indian tribe, or a unit of local government, the Secretary 
        may provide technical and programmatic information--
                    ``(A) subject to paragraph (2), to the Federal 
                agency, State, Indian tribe, or unit of local 
                government to support specifically the development of 
                mechanisms that would provide regulatory certainty, 
                regulatory predictability, safe harbor protection, or 
                other similar regulatory assurances to a farmer, 
                rancher, or private nonindustrial forest landowner 
                under a regulatory requirement--
                            ``(i) that relates to soil, water, or 
                        wildlife; and
                            ``(ii) over which that Federal agency, 
                        State, Indian tribe, or unit of local 
                        government has authority; and
                    ``(B) relating to conservation practices or 
                activities that could be implemented by a farmer, 
                rancher, or private nonindustrial forest landowner to 
                address a targeted soil, water, or wildlife resource 
                concern that is the direct subject of a regulatory 
                requirement enforced by that Federal agency, State, 
                Indian tribe, or unit of local government, as 
                applicable.
            ``(2) Mechanisms.--The Secretary shall only provide 
        additional technical and programmatic information under 
        paragraph (1) if the mechanisms to be developed by the Federal 
        agency, State, Indian tribe, or unit of local government, as 
        applicable, under paragraph (1)(A) are anticipated to include, 
        at a minimum--
                    ``(A) the implementation of 1 or more conservation 
                practices or activities that effectively addresses the 
                soil, water, or wildlife resource concern identified 
                under paragraph (1);
                    ``(B) the on-site confirmation that the applicable 
                conservation practices or activities identified under 
                subparagraph (A) have been implemented;
                    ``(C) a plan for a periodic audit, as appropriate, 
                of the continued implementation or maintenance of each 
                of the conservation practices or activities identified 
                under subparagraph (A); and
                    ``(D) notification to a farmer, rancher, or private 
                nonindustrial forest landowner of, and an opportunity 
                to correct, any noncompliance with a requirement to 
                obtain regulatory certainty, regulatory predictability, 
                safe harbor protection, or other similar regulatory 
                assurance.
            ``(3) Continuing current collaboration on soil, water, or 
        wildlife conservation practices.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) continue collaboration with Federal agencies, 
                States, Indian tribes, or local units of government on 
                existing regulatory certainty, regulatory 
                predictability, safe harbor protection, or other 
                similar regulatory assurances in accordance with 
                paragraph (2); and
                    ``(B) continue collaboration with the Secretary of 
                the Interior on consultation under section 7(a)(2) of 
                the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 
                1536(a)(2)) or conference under section 7(a)(4) of that 
                Act (16 U.S.C. 1536(a)(4)), as applicable, for wildlife 
                conservation efforts, including the Working Lands for 
                Wildlife model of conservation on working landscapes, 
                as implemented on the day before the date of enactment 
                of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, in 
                accordance with--
                            ``(i) the document entitled `Partnership 
                        Agreement Between the United States Department 
                        of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation 
                        Service and the United States Department of the 
                        Interior Fish and Wildlife Service', numbered 
                        A-3A75-16-937, and formalized by the Chief of 
                        the Natural Resources Conservation Service on 
                        September 15, 2016, and by the Director of the 
                        United States Fish and Wildlife Service on 
                        August 4, 2016, as in effect on September 15, 
                        2016; and
                            ``(ii) United States Fish and Wildlife 
                        Service Director's Order No. 217, dated August 
                        9, 2016, as in effect on August 9, 2016.
            ``(4) Savings clause.--Nothing in this subsection--
                    ``(A) preempts, displaces, or supplants any 
                authority or right of a Federal agency, a State, an 
                Indian tribe, or a unit of local government;
                    ``(B) modifies or otherwise affects, preempts, or 
                displaces--
                            ``(i) any cause of action; or
                            ``(ii) a provision of Federal or State law 
                        establishing a remedy for a civil or criminal 
                        cause of action; or
                    ``(C) applies to a case in which the Department of 
                Agriculture is the originating agency requesting a 
                consultation or other technical and programmatic 
                information or assistance from another Federal agency 
                in assisting farmers, ranchers, or nonindustrial 
                private forest landowners participating in a 
                conservation program administered by the Secretary.''.

SEC. 2426. HEALTHY FORESTS RESERVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Purposes.--Section 501(a) of the Healthy Forests Restoration 
Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6571(a)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) to conserve forest land that provides habitat for 
        species described in section 502(b)(2).''.
    (b) Eligibility.--Section 502 of the Healthy Forests Restoration 
Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6572) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``private land'' 
                and all that follows through ``which will'' and 
                inserting ``private land, including private forest land 
                or land being restored to forest, the enrollment of 
                which will maintain,''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A), by striking ``private land'' and all that 
                        follows through ``which will'' and inserting 
                        ``private land, including private forest land 
                        or land being restored to forest, the 
                        enrollment of which will maintain,'';
                            (ii) by striking subparagraph (B) and 
                        inserting the following:
                    ``(B)(i) are candidates for such listing, State-
                listed species, or special concern species; or
                    ``(ii) are deemed a species of greatest 
                conservation need under a State wildlife action 
                plan.'';
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) conserve forest land that provides habitat for 
        species described in section 502(b)(2).'';
            (3) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (2);
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph 
                (2); and
                    (C) in paragraph (2)(B) (as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (A))--
                            (i) in clause (ii), by striking ``or'' at 
                        the end; and
                            (ii) by striking clause (iii) and inserting 
                        the following:
                            ``(iii) a permanent easement; or
                            ``(iv) any combination of the options 
                        described in clauses (i), (ii), and (iii).''; 
                        and
            (4) in subsection (f)(1)(B), by striking clause (ii) and 
        inserting the following:
                            ``(ii)(I) are candidates for such listing, 
                        State-listed species, or special concern 
                        species; or
                            ``(II) are deemed a species of greatest 
                        conservation need under a State wildlife action 
                        plan.''.
    (c) Restoration Plans.--Section 503(b) of the Healthy Forests 
Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6573(b)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
        subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and indenting 
        appropriately;
            (2) by striking the subsection designation and all that 
        follows through ``restoration practices'' and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(b) Practices and Measures.--
            ``(1) Definition of practices and measures.--In this 
        subsection, the term `practices and measures' includes land 
        management practices, vegetative treatments, structural 
        practices and measures, practices to improve biological 
        diversity, practices to increase carbon sequestration, and 
        other appropriate activities, as determined by the Secretary.
            ``(2) Restoration plans.--The restoration plan may require 
        such restoration practices and measures'';
            (3) in subparagraph (A) (as redesignated by paragraph (1)), 
        by striking ``and'' at the end; and
            (4) in subparagraph (B) (as redesignated by paragraph (1)), 
        by striking the period at the end and inserting ``, or a 
        species deemed a species of greatest conservation need under a 
        State wildlife action plan.''.

SEC. 2427. WATERSHED PROTECTION.

    (a) Watershed Areas.--Section 2 of the Watershed Protection and 
Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 1002) is amended in the undesignated 
matter following paragraph (3) by inserting ``(except in cases in which 
the Secretary determines that the undertaking is necessary in a larger 
watershed or subwatershed in order to address regional drought 
concerns)'' after ``fifty thousand acres''.
    (b) Authority of the Secretary.--Section 3 of the Watershed 
Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 1003) is amended--
            (1) by striking the section designation and all that 
        follows through ``In order to assist'' and inserting the 
        following:

``SEC. 3. ASSISTANCE TO LOCAL ORGANIZATIONS.

    ``(a) In General.--In order to assist''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(b) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the watershed plan for works 
of improvement if the Secretary determines the watershed plan is 
unnecessary or duplicative.''.

SEC. 2428. SENSE OF CONGRESS RELATING TO INCREASED WATERSHED-BASED 
              COLLABORATION.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Federal Government should 
recognize and encourage partnerships at the watershed level between 
nonpoint sources and regulated point sources to advance the goals of 
the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.) and 
provide benefits to farmers, landowners, and the public.

SEC. 2429. MODIFICATIONS TO CONSERVATION EASEMENT PROGRAMS.

    Title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3801 et seq.) 
is amended by inserting after subtitle E the following:

              ``Subtitle F--Other Conservation Provisions

``SEC. 1251. MODIFICATIONS TO CONSERVATION EASEMENT PROGRAMS.

    ``(a) Definition of Covered Program.--In this section, the term 
`covered program' means--
            ``(1) the conservation reserve program established under 
        subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D;
            ``(2) the farmable wetland program carried out under 
        section 1231B;
            ``(3) the special conservation reserve enhancement program 
        described in section 1231A;
            ``(4) the agricultural conservation easement program 
        established under subtitle H;
            ``(5) the healthy forests reserve program established under 
        section 501 of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 
        U.S.C. 6571); or
            ``(6) any similar program, as determined by the Secretary, 
        that is established on or after the date of enactment of this 
        section.
    ``(b) Modifications.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law 
applicable to a covered program, subject to subsection (c), the 
Secretary shall--
            ``(1) allow land enrolled in a covered program to be--
                    ``(A) modified for water management, general 
                maintenance, vegetative cover control, wildlife habitat 
                management, or any other purpose, subject to the 
                condition that the modification shall be approved 
                jointly by--
                            ``(i) the State department of natural 
                        resources (or equivalent State agency); and
                            ``(ii) the technical committee established 
                        under section 1261(a) of the State; or
                    ``(B) exchanged for land that has equal or greater 
                conservation, wildlife, ecological, and economic 
                values, as determined by the Secretary; and
            ``(2) provide for the modification of an agreement, a 
        contract, or an easement under a covered program if the 
        Secretary determines that the modification--
                    ``(A) would facilitate the practical administration 
                and management of the land covered by the agreement, 
                contract, or easement; and
                    ``(B) would not adversely affect the functions and 
                values for which the agreement, contract, or easement 
                was established.
    ``(c) Requirements.--
            ``(1) No effect on enrolled acreage, ecological functions 
        and values.--A modification or exchange under subsection (b) 
        shall not--
                    ``(A) result in a net loss of acreage enrolled in 
                the covered program; or
                    ``(B) adversely affect any ecological or 
                conservation function or value for which the applicable 
                agreement, contract, or easement was established.
            ``(2) Exchanged acres.--Any land for which an exchange is 
        made under subsection (b) shall satisfy all requirements for 
        enrollment in the covered program.
            ``(3) Restriction on payments.--In modifying any agreement, 
        contract, or easement under a covered program, the Secretary 
        shall not increase any payment to any party to the agreement, 
        contract, or easement.
    ``(d) Costs.--A party to an agreement, a contract, or an easement 
under a covered program that requests a modification or exchange under 
subsection (b) shall be responsible for all costs of the modification 
or exchange, including--
            ``(1) an appraisal to determine whether the economic value 
        of the land for which an exchange is made under subsection (b) 
        is equal to or greater than the value of the land removed from 
        the covered program;
            ``(2) the repayment of the costs paid by the Secretary for 
        any restoration of land removed from the covered program;
            ``(3) if applicable, a survey of property boundaries, 
        including review and approval by the applicable agency;
            ``(4) preparation and recording in accordance with standard 
        real estate practices of any exchange, including requirements 
        for title approval by the Secretary, subordination of liens, 
        and amended warranty easement deed recording; and
            ``(5) any applicable recording and legal fees.''.

                 Subtitle E--Funding and Administration

SEC. 2501. FUNDING.

    (a) In General.--Section 1241(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3841(a)) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``2018 (and fiscal year 2019 in the case of the program 
        specified in paragraph (5))'' and inserting ``2023'';
            (2) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``$10,000,000 
                for the period of fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' and 
                inserting ``$11,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 
                2019 through 2023''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) by striking ``$33,000,000 for the 
                        period of fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' and 
                        inserting ``$50,000,000 for the period of 
                        fiscal years 2019 through 2023, including not 
                        more than $5,000,000 to provide outreach and 
                        technical assistance,''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``retired or retiring 
                        owners and operators'' and inserting ``contract 
                        holders'';
            (3) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraphs (A) through 
        (E) and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) $400,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 
                through 2021;
                    ``(B) $425,000,000 for fiscal year 2022; and
                    ``(C) $450,000,000 for fiscal year 2023.''; and
            (4) in paragraph (5), by striking subparagraphs (A) through 
        (E) and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) $1,473,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
                    ``(B) $1,478,000,000 for fiscal year 2020;
                    ``(C) $1,541,000,000 for fiscal year 2021;
                    ``(D) $1,571,000,000 for fiscal year 2022; and
                    ``(E) $1,595,000,000 for fiscal year 2023.''.
    (b) Availability of Funds.--Section 1241(b) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841(b)) is amended by striking ``2018 (and 
fiscal year 2019 in the case of the program specified in subsection 
(a)(5))'' and inserting ``2023''.
    (c) Allocations Review and Update.--Section 1241(g) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841(g)) is amended by striking 
``Review and Update'' in the subsection heading and all that follows 
through ``The Secretary'' in paragraph (2) and inserting ``Update.--The 
Secretary''.
    (d) Assistance to Certain Farmers or Ranchers for Conservation 
Access.--Section 1241(h)(1) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3841(h)(1)) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
        ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''; and
            (2) by striking ``5 percent'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``15 percent''.
    (e) Conservation Standards and Requirements.--Section 1241 of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
    ``(j) Conservation Standards and Requirements.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to the requirements of this 
        title, the Natural Resources Conservation Service shall serve 
        as the lead agency in developing and establishing technical 
        standards and requirements for conservation programs carried 
        out under this title, including--
                    ``(A) standards for conservation practices under 
                this title;
                    ``(B) technical guidelines for implementing 
                conservation practices under this title, including the 
                location of the conservation practices;
                    ``(C) standards for conservation plans; and
                    ``(D) payment rates for conservation practices and 
                activities under programs carried out under this title.
            ``(2) Consistency of farm service agency standards.--The 
        Administrator of the Farm Service Agency shall ensure that the 
        standards and requirements of programs administered by the Farm 
        Service Agency incorporate and are consistent with the 
        standards and requirements established by the Natural Resources 
        Conservation Service under paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Local flexibility.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        procedure to allow, on request of a State committee of the Farm 
        Service Agency or a State technical committee established under 
        section 1261(a) to modify any standard or requirement 
        established under paragraph (1), that modification if the 
        modification--
                    ``(A) addresses a specific and local natural 
                resource concern;
                    ``(B) is based on science; and
                    ``(C) maintains the conservation benefits of the 
                standards and requirements established under paragraph 
                (1).''.

SEC. 2502. DELIVERY OF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

    Section 1242 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3842) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking the subsection designation and 
                heading and all that follows through ``the term'' and 
                inserting the following:
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Eligible participant.--The term''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Third-party provider.--The term `third-party 
        provider' means a commercial entity (including a farmer 
        cooperative, agriculture retailer, or other commercial entity, 
        as determined by the Secretary), a nonprofit entity, a State, a 
        unit of local government (including a conservation district), 
        or a Federal agency, that has expertise in the technical aspect 
        of conservation planning, including nutrient management 
        planning, watershed planning, or environmental engineering.'';
            (2) in subsection (e), by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Certification process.--The Secretary shall certify a 
        third-party provider through--
                    ``(A) a certification process administered by the 
                Secretary, acting through the Chief of the Natural 
                Resources Conservation Service; or
                    ``(B) a non-Federal entity approved by the 
                Secretary to perform the certification.
            ``(5) Streamlined certification.--The Secretary shall 
        provide a streamlined certification process for a third-party 
        provider that has an appropriate specialty certification, 
        including a sustainability specialty certification and a 4R 
        nutrient management specialty certification from the American 
        Society of Agronomy.''; and
            (3) in subsection (h)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(3) Expedited revision of standards.--Not later than 1 
        year after the date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement 
        Act of 2018, the Secretary shall develop an administrative 
        process for--
                    ``(A) expediting the establishment and revision of 
                conservation practice standards; and
                    ``(B) considering conservation innovations with 
                respect to any establishment or revision under 
                subparagraph (A).
            ``(4) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
        enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, and every 
        2 years thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a 
        report on--
                    ``(A) the administrative process developed under 
                paragraph (3);
                    ``(B) conservation practice standards that were 
                established or revised under that process; and
                    ``(C) conservation innovations that were considered 
                under that process.''.

SEC. 2503. ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR CONSERVATION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Incentives for Acequias.--Section 1244(a) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844(a)) is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Ranchers and 
        Indian Tribes'' and inserting ``Ranchers, Indian Tribes, and 
        Acequias''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(F) Acequias.''.
    (b) Acreage Limitations.--Section 1244(f) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844(f)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``10'' and inserting 
        ``15''; and
            (2) in paragraph (5), by striking ``the Agricultural Act of 
        2014'' and inserting ``the Agriculture Improvement Act of 
        2018''.
    (c) Funding for Indian Tribes.--Section 1244(l) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844(l)) is amended by striking ``may'' 
and inserting ``shall''.
    (d) Exemption From Certain Reporting Requirements.--Section 1244(m) 
of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844(m)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or commodity'' after 
        ``conservation''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``or the Farm Service 
        Agency'' before the period at the end.
    (e) Source Water Protection.--Section 1244 of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844) (as amended by section 2425(d)) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(o) Source Water Protection.--
            ``(1) In general.--In carrying out the conservation 
        stewardship program under subchapter B of chapter 2 of subtitle 
        D and the environmental quality incentives program under 
        chapter 4 of subtitle D, the Secretary shall encourage water 
        quality and water quantity practices that--
                    ``(A) protect sources of potable water, including 
                protecting against public health threats; and
                    ``(B) mutually benefit agricultural producers.
            ``(2) Collaboration and payments.--In encouraging practices 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) work collaboratively with drinking water 
                utilities, community water systems, and State technical 
                committees established under section 1261 to identify 
                local priority areas for the protection of source 
                waters for drinking water; and
                    ``(B) subject to limitations under the programs 
                described in paragraph (1), provide payment rates to 
                producers for water quality practices or enhancements 
                that primarily result in off-farm benefit at a rate 
                sufficient to encourage greater adoption of those 
                practices or enhancements by producers.''.
    (f) Payments Made to Acequias.--Section 1244 of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844) (as amended by subsection (e)) is amended 
by adding at the end the following:
    ``(p) Payments Made to Acequias.--
            ``(1) Waiver authority.--The Secretary may waive the 
        applicability of the limitations in section 1001D(b) or section 
        1240G for a payment made under a contract under this title 
        entered into with an acequia if the Secretary determines that 
        the waiver is necessary to fulfill the objectives of the 
        project under the contract.
            ``(2) Contract limitations.--If the Secretary grants a 
        waiver under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall impose a 
        separate payment limitation, as determined by the Secretary, 
        for the contract to which the waiver applies.''.

SEC. 2504. DEFINITION OF ACEQUIA.

    (a) In General.--Section 1201(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3801(a)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (27) as 
        paragraphs (2) through (28), respectively;
            (2) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so redesignated) 
        the following:
            ``(1) Acequia.--The term `acequia' means an entity that--
                    ``(A) is a political subdivision of a State;
                    ``(B) is organized for the purpose of managing the 
                operation of an irrigation ditch; and
                    ``(C) does not have the authority to impose taxes 
                or levies.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (19)(B) (as so redesignated), by inserting 
        ``acequia,'' before ``or other''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 363 of the Consolidated Farm 
and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2006e) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``section 1201(a)(16)'' and inserting 
        ``section 1201(a)''; and
            (2) by striking ``(16 U.S.C. 3801(a)(16))'' and inserting 
        ``(16 U.S.C. 3801(a))''.

SEC. 2505. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR WATER BANK PROGRAM.

    Section 11 of the Water Bank Act (16 U.S.C. 1310) is amended--
            (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``without fiscal 
        year'' and all that follows through ``necessary'' and inserting 
        ``$5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, to 
        remain available until expended,''; and
            (2) by striking the second sentence.

SEC. 2506. REPORT ON LAND ACCESS, TENURE, AND TRANSITION.

    Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Agriculture, in consultation with the Chief Economist, 
shall submit to Congress and make publicly available a report 
identifying--
            (1) the barriers that prevent or hinder the ability of 
        beginning farmers and ranchers and historically underserved 
        producers to acquire or access farmland;
            (2) the extent to which Federal programs, including 
        agricultural conservation easement programs, land transition 
        programs, and financing programs, are improving--
                    (A) farmland access and tenure for beginning 
                farmers and ranchers and historically underserved 
                producers; and
                    (B) farmland transition and succession; and
            (3) the regulatory, operational, or statutory changes that 
        are necessary to improve--
                    (A) the ability of beginning farmers and ranchers 
                and historically underserved producers to acquire or 
                access farmland;
                    (B) farmland tenure for beginning farmers and 
                ranchers and historically underserved producers; and
                    (C) farmland transition and succession.

SEC. 2507. REPORT ON SMALL WETLANDS.

    (a) In General.--The Chief of the Natural Resources Conservation 
Service shall submit to Congress a report describing the number of 
wetlands with an area not more than 1 acre that have been delineated in 
each of the States of North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, and Iowa.
    (b) Requirement.--In the report under subsection (a), the Chief of 
the Natural Resources Conservation Service shall list the number of 
wetlands acres in each State described in the report by tenths of an 
acre, and ensure the report is based on based available science.

SEC. 2508. STATE TECHNICAL COMMITTEES.

    Section 1262(c) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3862(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Recommendations to secretary.--Each State technical 
        committee shall regularly review new and innovative 
        technologies and practices, including processes to conserve 
        water and improve water quality and quantity, and make 
        recommendations to the Secretary for further consideration of 
        and possible development of conservation practice standards 
        that incorporate those technologies and practices.''.

                   Subtitle F--Technical Corrections

SEC. 2601. FARMABLE WETLAND PROGRAM.

    Section 1231B(b)(2)(A)(i) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3831b(b)(2)(A)(i)) is amended by adding a semicolon at the end.

SEC. 2602. REPORT ON PROGRAM ENROLLMENTS AND ASSISTANCE.

    Section 1241(i) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3841(i)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraphs (2) and (4); and
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (5), and (6) as 
        paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), respectively.

SEC. 2603. DELIVERY OF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

    Section 1242 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3842) is 
amended in subsections (e)(3)(B) and (f)(4) by striking ``third party'' 
each place it appears and inserting ``third-party''.

SEC. 2604. STATE TECHNICAL COMMITTEES.

    Section 1261(b)(2) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3861(b)(2)) is amended by striking ``under section 1262(b)''.

                            TITLE III--TRADE

                     Subtitle A--Food for Peace Act

SEC. 3101. FOOD AID QUALITY.

    Section 202(h)(3) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1722(h)(3)) 
is amended by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``2019 
through 2023''.

SEC. 3102. GENERATION AND USE OF CURRENCIES BY PRIVATE VOLUNTARY 
              ORGANIZATIONS AND COOPERATIVES.

    Section 203 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1723) is amended by 
striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Local Sales.--In carrying out agreements of the type referred 
to in subsection (a), the Administrator may permit private voluntary 
organizations and cooperatives to sell, in 1 or more recipient 
countries, or in 1 or more countries in the same region, commodities 
distributed under nonemergency programs under this title for each 
fiscal year to generate proceeds to be used as provided in this 
section.''.

SEC. 3103. MINIMUM LEVELS OF ASSISTANCE.

    Section 204(a) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1724(a)) is 
amended in paragraphs (1) and (2) by striking ``2018'' each place it 
appears and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3104. FOOD AID CONSULTATIVE GROUP.

    Section 205 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1725) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)(1), in the first sentence, by 
        striking ``45'' and inserting ``30''; and
            (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''.

SEC. 3105. OVERSIGHT, MONITORING, AND EVALUATION.

    Section 207(f)(4) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1726a(f)(4)) 
is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A)--
                    (A) by striking ``$17,000,000'' and inserting ``1.5 
                percent, but not less than $17,000,000,''; and
                    (B) by striking ``2018'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``2023''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (B)(i), by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3106. ASSISTANCE FOR STOCKPILING AND RAPID TRANSPORTATION, 
              DELIVERY, AND DISTRIBUTION OF SHELF-STABLE PREPACKAGED 
              FOODS.

    Section 208(f) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1726b(f)) is 
amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3107. ALLOWANCE OF DISTRIBUTION COSTS.

    Section 406(b)(6) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736(b)(6)) 
is amended by striking ``distribution costs'' and inserting 
``distribution costs, including the types of activities for which costs 
were paid under this subsection prior to fiscal year 2017''.

SEC. 3108. PREPOSITIONING OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES.

    Section 407(c)(4)(A) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1736a(c)(4)(A)) is amended by striking ``2018'' each place it appears 
and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3109. ANNUAL REPORT REGARDING FOOD AID PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES.

    Section 407(f)(1)(A) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1736a(f)(1)(A)) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``or each separately'' after ``jointly''; 
        and
            (2) by inserting ``by the Administrator, the Secretary, or 
        both, as applicable,'' after ``Act''.

SEC. 3110. DEADLINE FOR AGREEMENTS TO FINANCE SALES OR TO PROVIDE OTHER 
              ASSISTANCE.

    Section 408 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736b) is amended 
by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3111. NONEMERGENCY FOOD ASSISTANCE.

    Section 412(e) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736f(e)) is 
amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Minimum Level 
        of'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023'';
            (3) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$350,000,000'' and 
        inserting ``$365,000,000''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Farmer-to-farmer program.--In determining the amount 
        expended for a fiscal year for nonemergency food assistance 
        programs under paragraphs (1) and (2), amounts expended for 
        that year to carry out programs under section 501 may be 
        considered amounts expended for those nonemergency food 
        assistance programs.
            ``(4) Community development funds.--In determining the 
        amount expended for a fiscal year for nonemergency food 
        assistance programs under paragraphs (1) and (2), amounts 
        expended for that year from funds appropriated to carry out 
        part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151 et 
        seq.) may be considered amounts expended for those nonemergency 
        food assistance programs if the funds are made available 
        through grants or cooperative agreements that--
                    ``(A) strengthen food security in developing 
                countries; and
                    ``(B) are consistent with the goals of title II.''.

SEC. 3112. MICRONUTRIENT FORTIFICATION PROGRAMS.

    Section 415(c) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736g-2(c)) is 
amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3113. JOHN OGONOWSKI AND DOUG BEREUTER FARMER-TO-FARMER PROGRAM.

    Section 501 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1737) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                inserting ``section 1342 of title 31, United States 
                Code, or'' after ``Notwithstanding''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), in the matter preceding 
                subparagraph (A), by inserting ``employees or staff of 
                a State cooperative institution (as defined in 
                subparagraphs (A) through (D) of section 1404(18) of 
                the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
                Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103(18)),'' 
                after ``private corporations,'';
            (2) in subsection (d), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''; and
            (3) in subsection (e)(1), in the matter preceding 
        subparagraph (A), by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

               Subtitle B--Agricultural Trade Act of 1978

SEC. 3201. PRIORITY TRADE PROMOTION, DEVELOPMENT, AND ASSISTANCE.

    (a) In General.--Title II of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 
U.S.C. 5621 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

  ``Subtitle C--Priority Trade Promotion, Development, and Assistance

``SEC. 221. ESTABLISHMENT.

    ``The Secretary shall carry out activities under this subtitle--
            ``(1) to access, develop, maintain, and expand markets for 
        United States agricultural commodities; and
            ``(2) to promote cooperation and the exchange of 
        information.

``SEC. 222. MARKET ACCESS PROGRAM.

    ``(a) In General.--The Commodity Credit Corporation shall establish 
and carry out a program to encourage the development, maintenance, and 
expansion of commercial export markets for agricultural commodities 
(including commodities that are organically produced (as defined in 
section 2103 of the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 
6502))) through cost-share assistance to eligible trade organizations 
that implement a foreign market development program.
    ``(b) Type of Assistance.--Assistance under this section may be 
provided in the form of funds of, or commodities owned by, the 
Commodity Credit Corporation, as determined appropriate by the 
Secretary.
    ``(c) Requirements for Participation.--To be eligible for cost-
share assistance under this section, an organization shall--
            ``(1) be an eligible trade organization;
            ``(2) prepare and submit a marketing plan to the Secretary 
        that meets the guidelines governing such plans established by 
        the Secretary; and
            ``(3) meet any other requirements established by the 
        Secretary.
    ``(d) Eligible Trade Organizations.--An eligible trade organization 
shall be--
            ``(1) a United States agricultural trade organization or 
        regional State-related organization that--
                    ``(A) promotes the export and sale of agricultural 
                commodities; and
                    ``(B) does not stand to profit directly from 
                specific sales of agricultural commodities;
            ``(2) a cooperative organization or State agency that 
        promotes the sale of agricultural commodities; or
            ``(3) a private organization that promotes the export and 
        sale of agricultural commodities if the Secretary determines 
        that such organization would significantly contribute to United 
        States export market development.
    ``(e) Approved Marketing Plan.--
            ``(1) In general.--A marketing plan submitted by an 
        eligible trade organization under this section shall describe 
        the advertising or other market oriented export promotion 
        activities to be carried out by the eligible trade organization 
        with respect to which assistance under this section is being 
        requested.
            ``(2) Requirements.--To be approved by the Secretary, a 
        marketing plan submitted under this subsection shall--
                    ``(A) specifically describe the manner in which 
                assistance received by the eligible trade organization 
                in conjunction with funds and services provided by the 
                eligible trade organization will be expended in 
                implementing the marketing plan;
                    ``(B) establish specific market goals to be 
                achieved as a result of the market access program; and
                    ``(C) contain any additional requirements that the 
                Secretary determines to be necessary.
            ``(3) Amendments.--A marketing plan may be amended by the 
        eligible trade organization at any time, with the approval of 
        the Secretary.
            ``(4) Branded promotion.--An agreement entered into under 
        this section may provide for the use of branded advertising to 
        promote the sale of agricultural commodities in a foreign 
        country under such terms and conditions as may be established 
        by the Secretary.
    ``(f) Other Terms and Conditions.--
            ``(1) Multiyear basis.--The Secretary may provide 
        assistance under this section on a multiyear basis, subject to 
        annual review by the Secretary for compliance with the approved 
        marketing plan.
            ``(2) Termination of assistance.--The Secretary may 
        terminate any assistance made, or to be made, available under 
        this section if the Secretary determines that--
                    ``(A) the eligible trade organization is not 
                adhering to the terms and conditions of the program 
                established under this section;
                    ``(B) the eligible trade organization is not 
                implementing the approved marketing plan or is not 
                adequately meeting the established goals of the market 
                access program;
                    ``(C) the eligible trade organization is not 
                adequately contributing its own resources to the market 
                access program; or
                    ``(D) the Secretary determines that termination of 
                assistance in a particular instance is in the best 
                interests of the program.
            ``(3) Monitoring and evaluations.--
                    ``(A) Monitoring.--The Secretary shall monitor the 
                expenditure of funds received under this section by 
                recipients of those funds.
                    ``(B) Evaluations.--The Secretary shall make 
                evaluations of the expenditure of funds received under 
                this section, including--
                            ``(i) an evaluation of the effectiveness of 
                        the program in developing or maintaining 
                        markets for United States agricultural 
                        commodities;
                            ``(ii) an evaluation of whether assistance 
                        provided under this section is necessary to 
                        maintain markets for United States agricultural 
                        commodities; and
                            ``(iii) a thorough accounting of the 
                        expenditure of those funds by the recipient.
                    ``(C) Initial evaluation.--The Secretary shall make 
                an initial evaluation of expenditures of a recipient 
                under this paragraph not later than 15 months after the 
                initial provision of funds to the recipient.
            ``(4) Use of funds.--Funds made available to carry out this 
        section--
                    ``(A) shall not be used to provide direct 
                assistance to any foreign for-profit corporation for 
                the use of the corporation in promoting foreign-
                produced products;
                    ``(B) shall not be used to provide direct 
                assistance to any for-profit corporation that is not 
                recognized as a small-business concern described in 
                section 3(a) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
                632(a)), excluding--
                            ``(i) a cooperative;
                            ``(ii) an association described in the 
                        first section of the Act entitled `An Act to 
                        authorize association of producers of 
                        agricultural products', approved February 18, 
                        1922 (7 U.S.C. 291); and
                            ``(iii) a nonprofit trade association; and
                    ``(C) may be used by a United States trade 
                association, cooperative, or small business for 
                individual branded promotional activity related to a 
                United States branded product, if the beneficiaries of 
                the activity have provided funds for the activity in an 
                amount that is at least equivalent to the amount of 
                assistance provided under this section.
    ``(g) Level of Marketing Assistance.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall justify in writing 
        the level of assistance provided to an eligible trade 
        organization under the program under this section and the level 
        of cost-sharing required of the organization.
            ``(2) Limitation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), assistance provided under this 
                section for activities described in subsection (e)(4) 
                shall not exceed 50 percent of the cost of implementing 
                the marketing plan.
                    ``(B) Action by united states trade 
                representative.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Secretary may 
                        determine not to apply the limitation described 
                        in subparagraph (A) in the case of agricultural 
                        commodities with respect to which there has 
                        been a favorable decision by the United States 
                        Trade Representative under section 301 of the 
                        Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2411).
                            ``(ii) Requirement.--Criteria for 
                        determining that the limitation shall not apply 
                        under clause (i) shall be consistent and 
                        documented.

``SEC. 223. FOREIGN MARKET DEVELOPMENT COOPERATOR PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Definition of Eligible Trade Organization.--In this section, 
the term `eligible trade organization' means a United States trade 
organization that--
            ``(1) promotes the export of 1 or more United States 
        agricultural commodities; and
            ``(2) does not have a business interest in or receive 
        remuneration from specific sales of agricultural commodities.
    ``(b) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish and, in 
cooperation with eligible trade organizations, carry out a foreign 
market development cooperator program to maintain and develop foreign 
markets for United States agricultural commodities, with a continued 
significant emphasis on the importance of the export of value-added 
United States agricultural commodities into emerging markets.
    ``(c) Use of Funds.--Funds made available to carry out this section 
shall be used only to provide--
            ``(1) cost-share assistance to an eligible trade 
        organization under a contract or agreement with the eligible 
        trade organization; and
            ``(2) assistance for other costs that are appropriate to 
        carry out the foreign market development cooperator program, 
        including contingent liabilities that are not otherwise funded.

``SEC. 224. E (KIKA) DE LA GARZA AGRICULTURAL FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Definition of Emerging Market.--In this section, the term 
`emerging market' means any country, foreign territory, customs union, 
or other economic market that the Secretary determines--
            ``(1) is taking steps toward a market-oriented economy 
        through the food, agriculture, or rural business sectors of the 
        economy of that country, territory, customs union, or other 
        economic market, as applicable; and
            ``(2) has the potential to provide a viable and significant 
        market for United States agricultural commodities.
    ``(b) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a program, to 
be known as the `E (Kika) de la Garza Agricultural Fellowship 
Program'--
            ``(1) to develop agricultural markets in emerging markets; 
        and
            ``(2) to promote cooperation and exchange of information 
        between agricultural institutions and agribusinesses in the 
        United States and emerging markets.
    ``(c) Development of Agricultural Systems.--
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Establishment of program.--To develop, 
                maintain, or expand markets for exports of United 
                States agricultural commodities, the Secretary shall 
                make available to emerging markets the expertise of the 
                United States--
                            ``(i) to make assessments of food and rural 
                        business systems needs;
                            ``(ii) to make recommendations on measures 
                        necessary to enhance the effectiveness of the 
                        food and rural business systems described in 
                        clause (i), including potential reductions in 
                        trade barriers; and
                            ``(iii) to identify and carry out specific 
                        opportunities and projects to enhance the 
                        effectiveness of the food and rural business 
                        systems described in clause (i).
                    ``(B) Extent of program.--The Secretary shall 
                implement this paragraph with respect to at least 3 
                emerging markets in each fiscal year.
            ``(2) Experts from the united states.--The Secretary may 
        implement paragraph (1) by providing--
                    ``(A) assistance to teams (consisting primarily of 
                agricultural consultants, agricultural producers, other 
                persons from the private sector, and government 
                officials expert in assessing the food and rural 
                business systems of other countries) to enable those 
                teams to conduct the assessments, make the 
                recommendations, and identify the opportunities and 
                projects described in paragraph (1)(A) in emerging 
                markets;
                    ``(B) necessary subsistence expenses in the United 
                States and necessary transportation expenses by 
                individuals designated by emerging markets to enable 
                those individuals to consult with food and rural 
                business system experts in the United States to enhance 
                those systems of those emerging markets;
                    ``(C) necessary subsistence expenses in emerging 
                markets and necessary transportation expenses of United 
                States food and rural business system experts, 
                agricultural producers, and other individuals 
                knowledgeable in agricultural and agribusiness matters 
                to assist in transferring knowledge and expertise to 
                entities in emerging markets; and
                    ``(D) necessary subsistence expenses and necessary 
                transportation expenses of United States food and rural 
                business system experts, including United States 
                agricultural producers and other United States 
                individuals knowledgeable in agriculture and 
                agribusiness matters, and of individuals designated by 
                emerging markets, to enable those designated 
                individuals to consult with those United States 
                experts--
                            ``(i) to enhance food and rural business 
                        systems of emerging markets; and
                            ``(ii) to transfer knowledge and expertise 
                        to emerging markets.
            ``(3) Cost-sharing.--The Secretary shall encourage the 
        nongovernmental experts described in paragraph (2) to share the 
        costs of, and otherwise assist in, the participation of those 
        experts in the program under this subsection.
            ``(4) Technical assistance.--The Secretary is authorized to 
        provide, or pay the necessary costs for, technical assistance 
        (including the establishment of extension services) to enable 
        individuals or other entities to carry out recommendations, 
        projects, and opportunities in emerging markets, including 
        recommendations, projects, and opportunities described in 
        clauses (ii) and (iii) of paragraph (1)(A).
            ``(5) Reports to secretary.--A team that receives 
        assistance under paragraph (2)(A) shall prepare and submit to 
        the Secretary such reports as the Secretary may require.
            ``(6) Advisory committee.--To provide the Secretary with 
        information that may be useful to the Secretary in carrying out 
        this subsection, the Secretary may establish an advisory 
        committee composed of representatives of the various sectors of 
        the food and rural business systems of the United States.
            ``(7) Effect.--The authority provided under this subsection 
        shall be in addition to and not in place of any other authority 
        of the Secretary or the Commodity Credit Corporation.

``SEC. 225. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FOR SPECIALTY CROPS.

    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish 
an export assistance program (referred to in this section as the 
`program') to address existing or potential unique barriers that 
prohibit or threaten the export of United States specialty crops.
    ``(b) Purpose.--The program shall provide direct assistance through 
public and private sector projects and technical assistance, including 
through the program under section 2(e) of the Competitive, Special, and 
Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 3157(e)), to remove, resolve, 
or mitigate existing or potential sanitary and phytosanitary and 
technical barriers to trade.
    ``(c) Priority.--The program shall address time sensitive and 
strategic market access projects based on--
            ``(1) trade effect on market retention, market access, and 
        market expansion; and
            ``(2) trade impact.
    ``(d) Multiyear Projects.--The Secretary may provide assistance 
under the program to a project for longer than a 5-year period if the 
Secretary determines that further assistance would effectively support 
the purpose of the program described in subsection (b).
    ``(e) Annual Report.--Each year, the Secretary shall submit to the 
appropriate committees of Congress a report that contains, for the 
period covered by the report, a description of--
            ``(1) each factor that affects the export of specialty 
        crops, including each factor relating to any--
                    ``(A) significant sanitary or phytosanitary issue;
                    ``(B) trade barrier; or
                    ``(C) emerging sanitary or phytosanitary issue or 
                trade barrier; and
            ``(2)(A) any funds provided under section 226(c)(4) that 
        were not obligated in a fiscal year; and
            ``(B) a description of why the funds described in 
        subparagraph (A) were not obligated.

``SEC. 226. FUNDING AND ADMINISTRATION.

    ``(a) Commodity Credit Corporation.--The Secretary shall use the 
funds, facilities, and authorities of the Commodity Credit Corporation 
to carry out this subtitle.
    ``(b) Funding Amount.--For each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, 
of the funds of, or an equal value of commodities owned by, the 
Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry out this 
subtitle $259,500,000, to remain available until expended.
    ``(c) Allocation.--For each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, the 
Secretary shall allocate funds to carry out this subtitle in accordance 
with the following:
            ``(1) Market access program.--For market access activities 
        authorized under section 222, of the funds of, or an equal 
        value of commodities owned by, the Commodity Credit 
        Corporation, not less than $200,000,000 for each fiscal year.
            ``(2) Foreign market development cooperator program.--To 
        carry out section 223, of the funds of, or an equal value of 
        commodities owned by, the Commodity Credit Corporation, not 
        less than $34,500,000 for each fiscal year.
            ``(3) E (kika) de la garza agricultural fellowship 
        program.--To provide assistance under section 224, of the funds 
        of the Commodity Credit Corporation, not more than $10,000,000 
        for each fiscal year.
            ``(4) Technical assistance for specialty crops.--To carry 
        out section 225, of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
        Corporation, not less than $9,000,000 for each fiscal year, to 
        remain available until expended.
            ``(5) Priority trade fund.--In addition to the amounts 
        allocated under paragraphs (1) through (4), and notwithstanding 
        any limitations in those paragraphs, as determined by the 
        Secretary, for 1 or more programs under this subtitle for 
        authorized activities to access, develop, maintain, and expand 
        markets for United States agricultural commodities, $6,000,000 
        for each fiscal year.
    ``(d) Cuba.--Notwithstanding section 908 of the Trade Sanctions 
Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7207) or any other 
provision of law, funds made available under this section may be used 
to carry out the programs authorized under sections 222 and 223 in 
Cuba.
    ``(e) Authorization for Appropriations.--In addition to any other 
amounts provided under this section, there are authorized to be 
appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out the programs and 
authorities under subsection (c)(5) and sections 222 through 225.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Market access program.--
                    (A) Section 203 of the Agricultural Trade Act of 
                1978 (7 U.S.C. 5623) is repealed.
                    (B) Section 211 of the Agricultural Trade Act of 
                1978 (7 U.S.C. 5641) is amended by striking subsection 
                (c).
                    (C) Section 402(a)(1) of the Agricultural Trade Act 
                of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5662(a)(1)) is amended by striking 
                ``203'' and inserting ``222''.
                    (D) Section 282(f)(2)(C) of the Agricultural 
                Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1638a(f)(2)(C)) is 
                amended by striking ``section 203 of the Agricultural 
                Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5623)'' and inserting 
                ``section 222 of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978''.
                    (E) Section 718 of the Agriculture, Rural 
                Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related 
                Agencies Appropriations Act, 1999 (7 U.S.C. 5623 note; 
                Public Law 105-277) is amended by striking ``section 
                203 of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 
                5623)'' and inserting ``section 222 of the Agricultural 
                Trade Act of 1978''.
                    (F) Section 1302(b) of the Agricultural 
                Reconciliation Act of 1993 (7 U.S.C. 5623 note; Public 
                Law 103-66) is amended--
                            (i) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                        by striking ``section 203 of the Agricultural 
                        Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5623)'' and 
                        inserting ``section 222 of the Agricultural 
                        Trade Act of 1978''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), in the matter 
                        preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``section 203 of such Act'' and inserting 
                        ``section 222 of that Act''.
            (2) Foreign market development cooperator program.--Title 
        VII of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5721 et 
        seq.) is repealed.
            (3) E (kika) de la garza agricultural fellowship program.--
                    (A) Section 1542 of the Food, Agriculture, 
                Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C 5622 note; 
                Public Law 101-624) is amended--
                            (i) by striking subsection (d);
                            (ii) by redesignating subsections (e) and 
                        (f) as subsections (d) and (e), respectively; 
                        and
                            (iii) in subsection (e) (as so 
                        redesignated)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding 
                                paragraph (1), by striking ``country'' 
                                and inserting ``country, foreign 
                                territory, customs union, or economic 
                                market''; and
                                    (II) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                                ``the country'' and inserting ``that 
                                country, foreign territory, customs 
                                union, or economic market, as 
                                applicable''.
                    (B) Section 1543(b)(5) of the Food, Agriculture, 
                Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 
                3293(b)(5)) is amended by striking ``section 1542(f)'' 
                and inserting ``section 1542(e)''.
                    (C) Section 1543A(c)(2) of the Food, Agriculture, 
                Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 
                5679(c)(2)) is amended by inserting ``and section 224 
                of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978'' after ``section 
                1542''.
            (4) Technical assistance for specialty crops.--Section 3205 
        of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 
        5680) is repealed.

               Subtitle C--Other Agricultural Trade Laws

SEC. 3301. FOOD FOR PROGRESS ACT OF 1985.

    The Food for Progress Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1736o) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``President'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``Secretary'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (5)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (E), by striking 
                        ``and'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (F), by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(G) a land-grant college or university (as 
                defined in section 1404 of the National Agricultural 
                Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
                U.S.C. 3103)).''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(10) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the Secretary 
        of Agriculture.'';
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking ``food'';
                    (B) by striking ``entities to furnish'' and 
                inserting the following: ``entities--
            ``(1) to furnish'';
                    (C) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), by 
                striking the period at the end and inserting ``; or''; 
                and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) to provide financial assistance under subsection 
        (l)(5) to eligible entities.'';
            (4) in subsection (f)(3), by striking ``2018'' and 
        inserting ``2023'';
            (5) in subsection (g), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023'';
            (6) in subsection (k), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023'';
            (7) in subsection (l)--
                    (A) by striking the subsection designation and 
                heading and all that follows through ``(1) To enhance'' 
                and inserting the following:
    ``(l) Support for Agricultural Development.--
            ``(1) In general.--To enhance'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2018'' and 
                inserting ``2023'';
                    (C) in paragraph (4)(B), by inserting ``internal'' 
                before ``transportation''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Flexibility.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, as necessary to carry out this section, the following 
        funds shall be used to pay for the costs described in paragraph 
        (4):
                    ``(A) Of the funds of the Corporation described in 
                subsection (f)(3), 30 percent.
                    ``(B) Of the funds for administrative expenses 
                under paragraph (1), 30 percent.
                    ``(C) Of the funds of the Corporation, $26,000,000 
                for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.'';
            (8) in subsection (m), in the subsection heading, by 
        striking ``Presidential'' and inserting ``Secretarial'';
            (9) in subsection (n)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), in the matter 
                        preceding clause (i), by inserting ``and 
                        assistance'' after ``commodities''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by inserting 
                        ``and assistance made available under this 
                        section'' after ``commodities''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(2) Requirements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than 270 days after 
                the date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement 
                Act of 2018, the Secretary shall issue regulations and 
                revisions to agency guidance and procedures necessary 
                to implement the amendments made to this section by 
                that Act.
                    ``(B) Consultations.--Not later than 270 days after 
                the date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement 
                Act of 2018, the Secretary shall consult with the 
                Committee on Agriculture and the Committee on Foreign 
                Affairs of the House of Representatives and the 
                Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
                the Senate relating to regulations issued and agency 
                guidance and procedures revised under subparagraph 
                (A).''; and
            (10) in subsection (o), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``(acting through the Secretary)''.

SEC. 3302. BILL EMERSON HUMANITARIAN TRUST ACT.

    Section 302 of the Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust Act (7 U.S.C. 
1736f-1) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(2)(B)(i), by striking ``2018'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``2023''; and
            (2) in subsection (h), by striking ``2018'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3303. PROMOTION OF AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS TO EMERGING MARKETS.

    Section 1542(a) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5622 note; Public Law 101-624) is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 3304. COCHRAN EMERGING MARKET FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.

    Section 1543 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 3293) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``(which may 
                include agricultural extension services)'' after 
                ``systems''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``enhance trade'' and 
                        inserting the following: ``enhance--
                    ``(A) trade'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A) (as so designated) 
                        by striking the period at the end and inserting 
                        ``; or''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) linkages between agricultural interests in 
                the United States and regulatory systems governing 
                sanitary and phytosanitary standards for agricultural 
                products that--
                            ``(i) may enter the United States; and
                            ``(ii) may pose risks to human, animal, or 
                        plant life or health.''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``$3,000,000'' 
                and inserting ``$4,000,000'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$2,000,000'' 
                and inserting ``$3,000,000''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``$5,000,000'' 
                and inserting ``$6,000,000''.

SEC. 3305. BORLAUG INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
              FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.

    Section 1473G of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3319j) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(2)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``shall support'' and inserting ``support'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (C) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) the development of agricultural extension 
                services in eligible countries.''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Leveraging alumni engagement.--In carrying out the 
        purposes and programs under this section, the Secretary shall 
        encourage ongoing engagement with fellowship recipients who 
        have completed training under the program to provide advice 
        regarding, and participate in, new or ongoing agricultural 
        development projects, with a priority for capacity-building 
        projects, that are sponsored by--
                    ``(A) Federal agencies; and
                    ``(B) institutions of higher education in the 
                eligible country of the fellowship recipient.''.

SEC. 3306. INTERNATIONAL FOOD SECURITY TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

    The Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 is 
amended by inserting after section 1543A (7 U.S.C. 5679) the following:

``SEC. 1543B. INTERNATIONAL FOOD SECURITY TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

    ``(a) Definition of International Food Security.--In this section, 
the term `international food security' means access by any person at 
any time to food and nutrition that is sufficient for a healthy and 
productive life.
    ``(b) Collection of Information.--The Secretary of Agriculture 
(referred to in this section as the `Secretary') shall compile 
information from appropriate mission areas of the Department of 
Agriculture (including the Food, Nutrition, and Consumer Services 
mission area) relating to the improvement of international food 
security.
    ``(c) Public Availability.--To benefit programs for the improvement 
of international food security, the Secretary shall organize the 
information described in subsection (b) and make the information 
available in a format suitable for--
            ``(1) public education; and
            ``(2) use by--
                    ``(A) a Federal, State, or local agency;
                    ``(B) an agency or instrumentality of the 
                government of a foreign country;
                    ``(C) a domestic or international organization, 
                including a domestic or international nongovernmental 
                organization; and
                    ``(D) an intergovernmental organization.
    ``(d) Technical Assistance.--On request by an entity described in 
subsection (c)(2), the Secretary may provide technical assistance to 
the entity to implement a program for the improvement of international 
food security.
    ``(e) Program Priority.--In carrying out this section, the 
Secretary shall give priority to programs relating to the development 
of food and nutrition safety net systems with a focus on food insecure 
countries.
    ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $1,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2019 through 2023.''.

SEC. 3307. MCGOVERN-DOLE INTERNATIONAL FOOD FOR EDUCATION AND CHILD 
              NUTRITION PROGRAM.

    Section 3107 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 1736o-1) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``that is'' and inserting the 
                following: ``that--
            ``(1) is'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), by 
                striking the period at the end and inserting ``; or''; 
                and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2)(A) is produced in and procured from--
                    ``(i) a developing country that is a recipient 
                country; or
                    ``(ii) a developing country in the same region as a 
                recipient country; and
            ``(B) at a minimum, meets each nutritional, quality, and 
        labeling standard of the recipient country, as determined by 
        the Secretary.'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(2)(A)--
                    (A) in clause (v)(IV), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) by redesignating clause (vi) as clause (vii); 
                and
                    (C) by inserting after clause (v) the following:
                            ``(vi) the costs associated with 
                        transporting the commodities described in 
                        subsection (a)(2) from a developing country 
                        described in subparagraph (A)(ii) of that 
                        subsection to any designated point of entry 
                        within the recipient country; and'';
            (3) in subsection (f)(1)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as 
                subparagraphs (F) and (G), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the 
                following:
                    ``(E) ensure to the maximum extent practicable that 
                assistance--
                            ``(i) is provided under this section in a 
                        timely manner; and
                            ``(ii) is available when needed throughout 
                        the applicable school year;''; and
            (4) in subsection (l)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2018'' and 
                inserting ``2023''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Purchase of commodities.--Of the funds made available 
        to carry out this section, not more than 10 percent shall be 
        used to purchase agricultural commodities described in 
        subsection (a)(2).''.

SEC. 3308. GLOBAL CROP DIVERSITY TRUST.

    Section 3202(c) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 
(22 U.S.C. 2220a note; Public Law 110-246) is amended by striking 
``2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``2019 through 2023''.

SEC. 3309. LOCAL AND REGIONAL FOOD AID PROCUREMENT PROJECTS.

    Section 3206(e)(1) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 1726c(e)(1)) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``to the Secretary'' after 
        ``appropriated''; and
            (2) by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``2019 
        through 2023''.

SEC. 3310. FOREIGN TRADE MISSIONS.

    (a) Tribal Representation on Trade Missions.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
        Tribal Advisory Committee established under subsection (b)(2) 
        of section 309 of the Department of Agriculture Reorganization 
        Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6921) (as added by section 12304(2)) 
        (referred to in this section as the ``Advisory Committee''), 
        shall seek--
                    (A) to support the greater inclusion of Tribal 
                agricultural and food products in Federal trade-related 
                activities; and
                    (B) to increase the collaboration between Federal 
                trade promotion efforts and other Federal trade-related 
                activities in support of the greater inclusion sought 
                under subparagraph (A).
            (2) Interdepartmental coordination.--In carrying out 
        activities to increase the collaboration described in paragraph 
        (1)(B), the Secretary shall coordinate with--
                    (A) the Secretary of Commerce;
                    (B) the Secretary of State;
                    (C) the Secretary of the Interior; and
                    (D) the heads of any other relevant Federal 
                agencies.
    (b) Report; Goals.--
            (1) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit a report 
        describing the efforts of the Department of Agriculture and 
        other Federal agencies under this section to--
                    (A) the Advisory Committee;
                    (B) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
                Representatives;
                    (C) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the 
                House of Representatives;
                    (D) the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
                Forestry of the Senate;
                    (E) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                Transportation of the Senate; and
                    (F) the Committee on Indian Affairs of the Senate.
            (2) Goals.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish goals for 
        measuring, in an objective and quantifiable format, the extent 
        to which Indian Tribes and Tribal agricultural and food 
        products are included in the trade-related activities of the 
        Department of Agriculture.

                          TITLE IV--NUTRITION

         Subtitle A--Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

SEC. 4101. DEFINITION OF CERTIFICATION PERIOD.

    Section 3 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012) is 
amended by striking subsection (f) and inserting the following:
    ``(f) Certification Period.--
            ``(1) In general.--The term `certification period' means 
        the period for which a household shall be eligible to receive 
        benefits.
            ``(2) Time limits.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (C), the certification period shall not 
                exceed 12 months.
                    ``(B) Contact.--A State agency shall have at least 
                1 contact with each certified household every 12 
                months.
                    ``(C) Elderly or disabled household members.--The 
                certification period may be for a duration of--
                            ``(i) not more than 24 months if each adult 
                        household member is elderly or disabled; or
                            ``(ii) not more than 36 months if--
                                    ``(I) each adult household member 
                                is elderly or disabled; and
                                    ``(II) the household of the adult 
                                household member has no earned income 
                                at the time of certification.
                    ``(D) Extension of limit.--The limits under this 
                paragraph may be extended until the end of any 
                transitional benefit period established under section 
                11(s).''.

SEC. 4102. FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM ON INDIAN RESERVATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 4(b) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 2013(b)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:
            ``(4) Administrative costs.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall pay not less 
                than 80 percent of administrative costs and 
                distribution costs on Indian reservations as the 
                Secretary determines necessary for effective 
                administration of such distribution by a State agency 
                or tribal organization.
                    ``(B) Waiver.--The Secretary shall waive up to 100 
                percent of the non-Federal share of the costs described 
                in subparagraph (A) if the Secretary determines that--
                            ``(i) the tribal organization is 
                        financially unable to provide a greater non-
                        Federal share of the costs; or
                            ``(ii) providing a greater non-Federal 
                        share of the costs would be a substantial 
                        burden for the tribal organization.
                    ``(C) Limitation.--The Secretary may not reduce any 
                benefits or services under the food distribution 
                program on Indian reservations under this subsection to 
                any tribal organization that is granted a waiver under 
                subparagraph (B).
                    ``(D) Tribal contribution.--The Secretary may allow 
                a tribal organization to use funds provided to the 
                tribal organization through a Federal agency or other 
                Federal benefit to satisfy all or part of the non-
                Federal share of the costs described in subparagraph 
                (A) if that use is otherwise consistent with the 
                purpose of the funds.'';
            (2) in paragraph (6)(F), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(7) Availability of funds.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Funds made available for a 
                fiscal year to carry out this subsection shall remain 
                available for obligation for a period of 2 fiscal 
                years.
                    ``(B) Administrative costs.--Funds made available 
                for a fiscal year to carry out paragraph (4) shall 
                remain available for obligation by the State agency or 
                tribal organization for a period of 2 fiscal years.''.
    (b) Demonstration Project for Tribal Organizations.--
            (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) Demonstration project.--The term 
                ``demonstration project'' means the demonstration 
                project established under paragraph (2).
                    (B) Food distribution program.--The term ``food 
                distribution program'' means the food distribution 
                program on Indian reservations carried out under 
                section 4(b) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
                U.S.C. 2013(b)).
                    (C) Indian reservation.--The term ``Indian 
                reservation'' has the meaning given the term 
                ``reservation'' in section 3 of the Food and Nutrition 
                Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012).
                    (D) Indian tribe.--The term ``Indian tribe'' has 
                the meaning given the term in section 4 of the Indian 
                Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 
                U.S.C. 5304).
                    (E) Self-determination contract.--The term ``self-
                determination contract'' has the meaning given the term 
                in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and 
                Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304).
                    (F) Tribal organization.--The term ``tribal 
                organization'' has the meaning given the term in 
                section 3 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
                U.S.C. 2012).
            (2) Establishment.--Subject to the availability of 
        appropriations, the Secretary shall establish a demonstration 
        project under which 1 or more tribal organizations may enter 
        into self-determination contracts to purchase agricultural 
        commodities under the food distribution program for the Indian 
        reservation of that tribal organization.
            (3) Eligibility.--
                    (A) Consultation.--The Secretary shall consult with 
                the Secretary of the Interior and Indian tribes to 
                determine the process and criteria under which a tribal 
                organization may participate in the demonstration 
                project.
                    (B) Criteria.--The Secretary shall select for 
                participation in the demonstration project tribal 
                organizations that--
                            (i) are successfully administering the food 
                        distribution program of the tribal organization 
                        under section 4(b)(2)(B) of the Food and 
                        Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2013(b)(2)(B));
                            (ii) have the capacity to purchase 
                        agricultural commodities in accordance with 
                        paragraph (4) for the food distribution program 
                        of the tribal organization; and
                            (iii) meet any other criteria determined by 
                        the Secretary, in consultation with the 
                        Secretary of the Interior and Indian tribes.
            (4) Procurement of agricultural commodities.--Any 
        agricultural commodities purchased by a tribal organization 
        under the demonstration project shall--
                    (A) be domestically produced;
                    (B) supplant, not supplement, the type of 
                agricultural commodities in existing food packages for 
                that tribal organization;
                    (C) be of similar or higher nutritional value as 
                the type of agricultural commodities that would be 
                supplanted in the existing food package for that tribal 
                organization; and
                    (D) meet any other criteria determined by the 
                Secretary.
            (5) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act and annually thereafter, the Secretary 
        shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, 
        and Forestry of the Senate a report describing the activities 
        carried out under the demonstration project during the 
        preceding year.
            (6) Funding.--
                    (A) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
                authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry 
                out this subsection $5,000,000, to remain available 
                until expended.
                    (B) Appropriations in advance.--Only funds 
                appropriated under subparagraph (A) in advance 
                specifically to carry out this subsection shall be 
                available to carry out this subsection.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 3(v) of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012(v)) is amended by striking ``the Indian 
Self-Determination Act (25 U.S.C. 450b(b))'' and inserting ``section 4 
of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 
U.S.C. 5304)''.

SEC. 4103. WORK REQUIREMENTS FOR SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) Work Requirements for Able-bodied Adults Without Dependents.--
Section 6 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2015) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking the second sentence;
                            (ii) by striking ``, as amended'' each 
                        place it appears;
                            (iii) by striking ``(F) a person'' and 
                        inserting the following:
                            ``(vi) a person'';
                            (iv) by striking ``(E) employed'' and 
                        inserting the following:
                            ``(v) employed'';
                            (v) by striking ``(D) a regular'' and 
                        inserting the following:
                            ``(iv) a regular'';
                            (vi) by striking ``(C) a bona fide 
                        student'' and inserting the following:
                            ``(iii) a bona fide student'';
                            (vii) by striking ``(B) a parent'' and 
                        inserting the following:
                            ``(ii) a parent'';
                            (viii) by striking ``(A) currently'' and 
                        inserting the following:
                            ``(i) currently''; and
                            (ix) by striking ``(2) A person who'' and 
                        all that follows through ``if he or she is'' 
                        inserting the following:
                    ``(E) Exemptions.--A person who otherwise would be 
                required to comply with the requirements of 
                subparagraphs (A) through (D) shall be exempt from such 
                requirements if the person is--''; and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) (as amended by 
                subparagraph (A)) the following:
            ``(2) Additional work requirements.--
                    ``(A) Definition of work program.--In this 
                paragraph, the term `work program' means--
                            ``(i) a program under title I of the 
                        Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act;
                            ``(ii) a program under section 236 of the 
                        Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2296);
                            ``(iii) a program of employment and 
                        training operated or supervised by a State or 
                        political subdivision of a State that meets 
                        standards approved by the Governor of the 
                        State, including a program under paragraph (4), 
                        other than a job search program or a job search 
                        training program; and
                            ``(iv) a workforce partnership under 
                        paragraph (4)(N).
                    ``(B) Work requirement.--Subject to the other 
                provisions of this paragraph, no individual shall be 
                eligible to participate in the supplemental nutrition 
                assistance program as a member of any household if, 
                during the preceding 36-month period, the individual 
                received supplemental nutrition assistance program 
                benefits for not less than 3 months (consecutive or 
                otherwise) during which the individual did not--
                            ``(i) work 20 hours or more per week, 
                        averaged monthly;
                            ``(ii) participate in and comply with the 
                        requirements of a work program for 20 hours or 
                        more per week, as determined by the State 
                        agency;
                            ``(iii) participate in and comply with the 
                        requirements of a program under section 20 or a 
                        comparable program established by a State or 
                        political subdivision of a State; or
                            ``(iv) receive benefits pursuant to 
                        subparagraph (C), (D), (E), or (F).
                    ``(C) Exception.--Subparagraph (B) shall not apply 
                to an individual if the individual is--
                            ``(i) under 18 or over 50 years of age;
                            ``(ii) medically certified as physically or 
                        mentally unfit for employment;
                            ``(iii) a parent or other member of a 
                        household with responsibility for a dependent 
                        child;
                            ``(iv) otherwise exempt under paragraph 
                        (1)(E); or
                            ``(v) a pregnant woman.
                    ``(D) Waiver.--
                            ``(i) In general.--On the request of a 
                        State agency, the Secretary may waive the 
                        applicability of subparagraph (B) to any group 
                        of individuals in the State if the Secretary 
                        makes a determination that the area in which 
                        the individuals reside--
                                    ``(I) has an unemployment rate of 
                                over 10 percent; or
                                    ``(II) does not have a sufficient 
                                number of jobs to provide employment 
                                for the individuals.
                            ``(ii) Report.--The Secretary shall report 
                        the basis for a waiver under clause (i) to the 
                        Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
                        Representatives and the Committee on 
                        Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
                        Senate.
                    ``(E) Subsequent eligibility.--
                            ``(i) Regaining eligibility.--An individual 
                        denied eligibility under subparagraph (B) shall 
                        regain eligibility to participate in the 
                        supplemental nutrition assistance program if, 
                        during a 30-day period, the individual--
                                    ``(I) works 80 or more hours;
                                    ``(II) participates in and complies 
                                with the requirements of a work program 
                                for 80 or more hours, as determined by 
                                a State agency; or
                                    ``(III) participates in and 
                                complies with the requirements of a 
                                program under section 20 or a 
                                comparable program established by a 
                                State or political subdivision of a 
                                State.
                            ``(ii) Maintaining eligibility.--An 
                        individual who regains eligibility under clause 
                        (i) shall remain eligible as long as the 
                        individual meets the requirements of clause 
                        (i), (ii), or (iii) of subparagraph (B).
                            ``(iii) Loss of employment.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--An individual 
                                who regained eligibility under clause 
                                (i) and who no longer meets the 
                                requirements of clause (i), (ii), or 
                                (iii) of subparagraph (B) shall remain 
                                eligible for a consecutive 3-month 
                                period, beginning on the date the 
                                individual first notifies the State 
                                agency that the individual no longer 
                                meets the requirements of clause (i), 
                                (ii), or (iii) of subparagraph (B).
                                    ``(II) Limitation.--An individual 
                                shall not receive any benefits pursuant 
                                to subclause (I) for more than a single 
                                3-month period in any 36-month period.
                    ``(F) 15-percent exemption.--
                            ``(i) Definitions.--In this subparagraph:
                                    ``(I) Caseload.--The term 
                                `caseload' means the average monthly 
                                number of individuals receiving 
                                supplemental nutrition assistance 
                                program benefits during the 12-month 
                                period ending the preceding June 30.
                                    ``(II) Covered individual.--The 
                                term `covered individual' means a 
                                member of a household that receives 
                                supplemental nutrition assistance 
                                program benefits, or an individual 
                                denied eligibility for supplemental 
                                nutrition assistance program benefits 
                                solely due to subparagraph (B), who--
                                            ``(aa) is not eligible for 
                                        an exception under subparagraph 
                                        (C);
                                            ``(bb) does not reside in 
                                        an area covered by a waiver 
                                        granted under subparagraph (D);
                                            ``(cc) is not complying 
                                        with clause (i), (ii), or (iii) 
                                        of subparagraph (B);
                                            ``(dd) is not receiving 
                                        supplemental nutrition 
                                        assistance program benefits 
                                        during the 3 months of 
                                        eligibility provided under 
                                        subparagraph (B); and
                                            ``(ee) is not receiving 
                                        supplemental nutrition 
                                        assistance program benefits 
                                        under subparagraph (E).
                            ``(ii) General rule.--Subject to clauses 
                        (iii) through (vii), a State agency may provide 
                        an exemption from the requirements of 
                        subparagraph (B) for covered individuals.
                            ``(iii) Fiscal year 1998.--Subject to 
                        clauses (v) and (vii), for fiscal year 1998, a 
                        State agency may provide a number of exemptions 
                        such that the average monthly number of the 
                        exemptions in effect during the fiscal year 
                        does not exceed 15 percent of the number of 
                        covered individuals in the State in fiscal year 
                        1998, as estimated by the Secretary, based on 
                        the survey conducted to carry out section 16(c) 
                        for fiscal year 1996 and such other factors as 
                        the Secretary considers appropriate due to the 
                        timing and limitations of the survey.
                            ``(iv) Subsequent fiscal years.--Subject to 
                        clauses (v) through (vii), for fiscal year 1999 
                        and each subsequent fiscal year, a State agency 
                        may provide a number of exemptions such that 
                        the average monthly number of the exemptions in 
                        effect during the fiscal year does not exceed 
                        15 percent of the number of covered individuals 
                        in the State, as estimated by the Secretary 
                        under clause (iii), adjusted by the Secretary 
                        to reflect changes in the State's caseload and 
                        the Secretary's estimate of changes in the 
                        proportion of members of households that 
                        receive supplemental nutrition assistance 
                        program benefits covered by waivers granted 
                        under subparagraph (D).
                            ``(v) Caseload adjustments.--The Secretary 
                        shall adjust the number of individuals 
                        estimated for a State under clause (iii) or 
                        (iv) during a fiscal year if the number of 
                        members of households that receive supplemental 
                        nutrition assistance program benefits in the 
                        State varies from the State's caseload by more 
                        than 10 percent, as determined by the 
                        Secretary.
                            ``(vi) Exemption adjustments.--During 
                        fiscal year 1999 and each subsequent fiscal 
                        year, the Secretary shall increase or decrease 
                        the number of individuals who may be granted an 
                        exemption by a State agency under this 
                        subparagraph to the extent that the average 
                        monthly number of exemptions in effect in the 
                        State for the preceding fiscal year under this 
                        subparagraph is lesser or greater than the 
                        average monthly number of exemptions estimated 
                        for the State agency for such preceding fiscal 
                        year under this subparagraph.
                            ``(vii) Reporting requirement.--A State 
                        agency shall submit such reports to the 
                        Secretary as the Secretary determines are 
                        necessary to ensure compliance with this 
                        subparagraph.
                    ``(G) Other program rules.--Nothing in this 
                paragraph shall make an individual eligible for 
                benefits under this Act if the individual is not 
                otherwise eligible for benefits under the other 
                provisions of this Act.''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (o).
    (b) Employment and Training Programs That Meet State and Local 
Workforce Needs.--Section 6(d)(4) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 2015(d)(4)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A)--
                    (A) in clause (i)--
                            (i) by inserting ``, in consultation with 
                        the State workforce development board, or, if 
                        the State demonstrates that consultation with 
                        private employers or employer organizations 
                        would be more effective or efficient, in 
                        consultation with private employers or employer 
                        organizations,'' after ``designed by the State 
                        agency''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``that will increase their 
                        ability to obtain regular employment.'' and 
                        inserting the following: ``that will--
                                    ``(I) increase the ability of the 
                                household members to obtain regular 
                                employment; and
                                    ``(II) meet State or local 
                                workforce needs.''; and
                    (B) in clause (ii), by inserting ``and implemented 
                to meet the purposes of clause (i)'' after ``under this 
                paragraph'';
            (2) in subparagraph (B)--
                    (A) in clause (iv), by redesignating subclauses (I) 
                and (II) as items (aa) and (bb), respectively, and 
                indenting appropriately;
                    (B) by redesignating clauses (i) through (vii) and 
                clause (viii) as subclauses (I) through (VII) and 
                subclause (IX), respectively, and indenting 
                appropriately;
                    (C) by inserting after subclause (VII) (as so 
                redesignated) the following:
                                    ``(VIII) Programs or activities 
                                described in subclauses (I) through 
                                (XII) of clause (iv) of section 
                                16(h)(1)(F) that the Secretary 
                                determines, based on the results of the 
                                applicable independent evaluations 
                                conducted under clause (vii)(I) of that 
                                section, demonstrate are effective at 
                                increasing employment or earnings for 
                                households participating in a pilot 
                                project under that section.'';
                    (D) in the matter preceding subclause (I) (as so 
                redesignated)--
                            (i) by striking ``this subparagraph'' and 
                        inserting ``this clause'';
                            (ii) by inserting ``and a program 
                        containing a component under subclause (I) 
                        shall contain at least 1 additional component'' 
                        before the colon; and
                            (iii) by striking ``(B) For purposes of 
                        this Act, an'' and inserting the following:
                    ``(B) Definitions.--In this Act:
                            ``(i) Employment and training program.--The 
                        term''; and
                    (E) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(ii) Workforce partnership.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--The term 
                                `workforce partnership' means a program 
                                that--
                                            ``(aa) is operated by a 
                                        private employer, an 
                                        organization representing 
                                        private employers, or a 
                                        nonprofit organization 
                                        providing services relating to 
                                        workforce development;
                                            ``(bb) the Secretary or the 
                                        State agency certifies--

                                                    ``(AA) subject to 
                                                subparagraph (N)(ii), 
                                                would assist 
                                                participants who are 
                                                members of households 
                                                participating in the 
                                                supplemental nutrition 
                                                assistance program in 
                                                gaining high-quality, 
                                                work-relevant skills, 
                                                training, work, or 
                                                experience that will 
                                                increase the ability of 
                                                the participants to 
                                                obtain regular 
                                                employment;

                                                    ``(BB) subject to 
                                                subparagraph (N)(ii), 
                                                would provide 
                                                participants with not 
                                                fewer than 20 hours per 
                                                week of training, work, 
                                                or experience under 
                                                subitem (AA);

                                                    ``(CC) would not 
                                                use any funds 
                                                authorized to be 
                                                appropriated by this 
                                                Act;

                                                    ``(DD) would 
                                                provide sufficient 
                                                information, on request 
                                                by the State agency, 
                                                for the State agency to 
                                                determine that 
                                                participants who are 
                                                members of households 
                                                participating in the 
                                                supplemental nutrition 
                                                assistance program are 
                                                fulfilling any 
                                                applicable work 
                                                requirement under this 
                                                subsection;

                                                    ``(EE) would be 
                                                willing to serve as a 
                                                reference for 
                                                participants who are 
                                                members of households 
                                                participating in the 
                                                supplemental nutrition 
                                                assistance program for 
                                                future employment or 
                                                work-related programs; 
                                                and

                                                    ``(FF) meets any 
                                                other criteria 
                                                established by the 
                                                Secretary, on the 
                                                condition that the 
                                                Secretary shall not 
                                                establish any 
                                                additional criteria 
                                                that would impose 
                                                significant paperwork 
                                                burdens on the 
                                                workforce partnership; 
                                                and

                                            ``(cc) is in compliance 
                                        with the Fair Labor Standards 
                                        Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 201 et 
                                        seq.), if applicable.
                                    ``(II) Inclusion.--The term 
                                `workforce partnership' includes a 
                                multistate program.'';
            (3) in subparagraph (E)--
                    (A) in the second sentence, by striking ``Such 
                requirements'' and inserting the following:
                            ``(ii) Variation.--The requirements under 
                        clause (i)'';
                    (B) by striking ``(E) Each State'' and inserting 
                the following:
                    ``(E) Requirements for participation for certain 
                individuals.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Each State''; and
                    (C) adding at the end the following:
                            ``(iii) Application to workforce 
                        partnerships.--To the extent that a State 
                        agency requires an individual to participate in 
                        an employment and training program, the State 
                        agency shall consider an individual 
                        participating in a workforce partnership to be 
                        in compliance with the employment and training 
                        requirements.'';
            (4) in subparagraph (H), by striking ``(B)(v)'' and 
        inserting ``(B)(i)(V)''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(N) Workforce partnerships.--
                            ``(i) In general.--A work registrant may 
                        participate in a workforce partnership to 
                        comply with the requirements of paragraph 
                        (1)(A)(ii) and paragraph (2).
                            ``(ii) Certification.--In certifying that a 
                        program meets the requirements of subitems (AA) 
                        and (BB) of subparagraph (B)(ii)(I)(bb) to be 
                        certified as a workforce partnership, the 
                        Secretary or the State agency shall require 
                        that the program submit to the Secretary or 
                        State agency sufficient information that 
                        describes--
                                    ``(I) the services and activities 
                                of the program that would provide 
                                participants with not fewer than 20 
                                hours per week of training, work, or 
                                experience under those subitems; and
                                    ``(II) how the program would 
                                provide services and activities 
                                described in subclause (I) that would 
                                directly enhance the employability or 
                                job readiness of the participant.
                            ``(iii) Supplement, not supplant.--A State 
                        agency may use a workforce partnership to 
                        supplement, not to supplant, the employment and 
                        training program of the State agency.
                            ``(iv) Participation.--A State agency may 
                        provide information on workforce partnerships, 
                        if available, to any member of a household 
                        participating in the supplemental nutrition 
                        assistance program, but may not require any 
                        member of a household to participate in a 
                        workforce partnership.
                            ``(v) Effect.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--A workforce 
                                partnership shall not replace the 
                                employment or training of an individual 
                                not participating in the workforce 
                                partnership.
                                    ``(II) Selection.--Nothing in this 
                                subsection affects the criteria or 
                                screening process for selecting 
                                participants by a workforce 
                                partnership.
                            ``(vi) Limitation on reporting 
                        requirements.--In carrying out this 
                        subparagraph, the Secretary and each applicable 
                        State agency shall limit the reporting 
                        requirements of a workforce partnership to--
                                    ``(I) on notification that an 
                                individual is receiving supplemental 
                                nutrition assistance program benefits, 
                                notifying the applicable State agency 
                                that the individual is participating in 
                                the workforce partnership;
                                    ``(II) identifying participants who 
                                have completed or are no longer 
                                participating in the workforce 
                                partnership;
                                    ``(III) identifying changes to the 
                                workforce partnership that result in 
                                the workforce partnership no longer 
                                meeting the certification requirements 
                                of the Secretary or the State agency 
                                under subparagraph (B)(ii)(I)(bb); and
                                    ``(IV) providing sufficient 
                                information, on request by the State 
                                agency, for the State agency to verify 
                                that a participant is fulfilling any 
                                applicable work requirements under this 
                                subsection.
                    ``(O) Referral of certain individuals.--
                            ``(i) In general.--In accordance with such 
                        regulations as may be issued by the Secretary, 
                        with respect to any individual who is not 
                        eligible for an exemption under paragraph 
                        (1)(E) and who is determined by an employment 
                        and training program component to be ill-suited 
                        to participate in the employment and training 
                        program component, the State agency shall--
                                    ``(I) refer the individual to an 
                                appropriate employment and training 
                                program component;
                                    ``(II) refer the individual to an 
                                appropriate workforce partnership, if 
                                available;
                                    ``(III) reassess the physical and 
                                mental fitness of the individual under 
                                paragraph (1)(A); or
                                    ``(IV) to the maximum extent 
                                practicable, coordinate with other 
                                Federal, State, or local workforce or 
                                assistance programs to identify work 
                                opportunities or assistance for the 
                                individual.
                            ``(ii) Process.--In carrying out clause 
                        (i), the State agency shall ensure that an 
                        individual undergoing and complying with the 
                        process established under that clause shall not 
                        be found to have refused without good cause to 
                        participate in an employment and training 
                        program.''.
    (c) Updating Work-related Pilot Projects.--
            (1) In general.--Section 16(h) of the Food and Nutrition 
        Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(h)) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by striking 
                        ``6(o)'' and inserting ``6(d)(2)'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (E)--
                                    (I) in clause (i)--
                                            (aa) in subclause (I), by 
                                        striking ``6(o)(3)'' and 
                                        inserting ``6(d)(2)(C)''; and
                                            (bb) in subclause (II), by 
                                        striking ``subparagraph (B) or 
                                        (C) of section 6(o)(2)'' and 
                                        inserting ``clause (ii) or 
                                        (iii) of section 6(d)(2)(B)''; 
                                        and
                                    (II) in clause (ii)--
                                            (aa) in the matter 
                                        preceding subclause (I), by 
                                        striking ``subparagraph (B) or 
                                        (C) of section 6(o)(2)'' and 
                                        inserting ``clause (ii) or 
                                        (iii) of section 6(d)(2)(B)'';
                                            (bb) in subclause (I), by 
                                        striking ``6(o)(2)'' and 
                                        inserting ``6(d)(2)(B)'';
                                            (cc) in subclause (II), by 
                                        striking ``6(o)(3)'' and 
                                        inserting ``6(d)(2)(C)'';
                                            (dd) in subclause (III), by 
                                        striking ``6(o)(4)'' and 
                                        inserting ``6(d)(2)(D)''; and
                                            (ee) in subclause (IV), by 
                                        striking ``6(o)(6)'' and 
                                        inserting ``6(d)(2)(F)''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (F)--
                                    (I) in clause (ii)(III)(ee)(AA), by 
                                striking ``6(o)'' and inserting 
                                ``6(d)(2)'';
                                    (II) in clause (viii)--
                                            (aa) in subclause (III), by 
                                        striking ``September 30, 2018'' 
                                        and inserting the following: 
                                        ``September 30, 2023, for--
                                            ``(aa) the continuation of 
                                        pilot projects being carried 
                                        out under this subparagraph as 
                                        of the date of enactment of the 
                                        Agriculture Improvement Act of 
                                        2018, if the pilot projects 
                                        meet the limitations described 
                                        in subclause (II); and
                                            ``(bb) additional pilot 
                                        projects authorized under 
                                        clause (x).''; and
                                            (bb) by adding at the end 
                                        the following:
                                    ``(IV) Funds for additional pilot 
                                projects.--From amounts made available 
                                under section 18(a)(1), the Secretary 
                                shall use to carry out clause (x) 
                                $92,500,000 for each of fiscal years 
                                2019 and 2020, to remain available 
                                until expended.''; and
                                    (III) by adding at the end the 
                                following:
                            ``(x) Authority to carry out additional 
                        pilot projects.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--Subject to the 
                                availability of funds under clause 
                                (viii), the Secretary may carry out 8 
                                or more additional pilot projects using 
                                a competitive grant process.
                                    ``(II) Requirements.--Except as 
                                otherwise provided in this clause, a 
                                pilot project under this clause shall 
                                meet the criteria described in clauses 
                                (i), (ii)(II)(bb), and (iii) through 
                                (vi) and items (aa) through (dd) of 
                                clause (ii)(III).
                                    ``(III) Evaluation and reporting.--
                                            ``(aa) Optional 
                                        evaluation.--

                                                    ``(AA) In 
                                                general.--The Secretary 
                                                shall have the option 
                                                to conduct an 
                                                independent 
                                                longitudinal evaluation 
                                                of pilot projects 
                                                carried out under this 
                                                clause, in accordance 
                                                with clause (vii)(I).

                                                    ``(BB) Qualifying 
                                                criteria.--If the 
                                                Secretary determines to 
                                                conduct an independent 
                                                longitudinal evaluation 
                                                under subitem (AA), to 
                                                be eligible to 
                                                participate in a pilot 
                                                project under this 
                                                clause, a State agency 
                                                shall agree to 
                                                participate in the 
                                                evaluation described in 
                                                clause (vii), including 
                                                providing evidence that 
                                                the State has a robust 
                                                data collection system 
                                                for program 
                                                administration and is 
                                                cooperating to make 
                                                available State data on 
                                                the employment 
                                                activities and post-
                                                participation 
                                                employment, earnings, 
                                                and public benefit 
                                                receipt of participants 
                                                to ensure proper and 
                                                timely evaluation.

                                            ``(bb) Reporting.--If the 
                                        Secretary determines not to 
                                        conduct an independent 
                                        longitudinal evaluation under 
                                        item (aa), subject to such 
                                        terms and conditions as the 
                                        Secretary determines to be 
                                        appropriate and not less 
                                        frequently than annually, each 
                                        State agency participating in a 
                                        pilot project carried out under 
                                        this clause shall submit to the 
                                        Secretary a report that 
                                        describes the results of the 
                                        pilot project.
                                    ``(IV) Voluntary activities.--
                                Except as provided in subclause (VIII), 
                                employment and training activities 
                                under a pilot project carried out under 
                                this clause shall be voluntary for work 
                                registrants.
                                    ``(V) Eligibility.--To be eligible 
                                to participate in a pilot project 
                                carried out under this clause, a State 
                                agency shall commit to maintain at 
                                least the amount of State funding for 
                                employment and training programs and 
                                services under paragraphs (2) and (3) 
                                and under section 20 as the State 
                                expended for fiscal year 2018.
                                    ``(VI) Limitation.--In carrying out 
                                pilot projects under this clause, the 
                                Secretary shall not be subject to the 
                                limitation described in clause 
                                (viii)(II)(aa).
                                    ``(VII) Priority.--In selecting 
                                pilot projects under this clause, the 
                                Secretary may give priority to pilot 
                                projects that--
                                            ``(aa) are targeted to--

                                                    ``(AA) individuals 
                                                50 years of age or 
                                                older;

                                                    ``(BB) formerly 
                                                incarcerated 
                                                individuals;

                                                    ``(CC) individuals 
                                                participating in a 
                                                substance abuse 
                                                treatment program.

                                                    ``(DD) homeless 
                                                individuals;

                                                    ``(EE) people with 
                                                disabilities seeking to 
                                                enter the workforce; or

                                                    ``(FF) other 
                                                individuals with 
                                                substantial barriers to 
                                                employment; or

                                            ``(bb) support employment 
                                        and workforce participation 
                                        through an integrated and 
                                        family-focused approach in 
                                        providing supportive services.
                                    ``(VIII) Pilot projects for 
                                mandatory participation in employment 
                                and training activities.--A State 
                                agency may be eligible to participate 
                                in a pilot project under this clause to 
                                test programs that assign work 
                                registrants to mandatory participation 
                                in employment and training activities, 
                                on the conditions that--
                                            ``(aa) the pilot project 
                                        provides individualized case 
                                        management designed to help 
                                        remove barriers to employment 
                                        for participants; and
                                            ``(bb) a work registrant is 
                                        not assigned to employment and 
                                        training activities primarily 
                                        consisting of job search, job 
                                        search training, or workforce 
                                        activities.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (5)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding clause 
                                (i), by striking ``section 6(d)(4)'' 
                                and inserting ``this paragraph''; and
                                    (II) by redesignating clauses (i) 
                                and (ii) as subclauses (I) and (II), 
                                respectively, and indenting 
                                appropriately;
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) in clause (ii), by 
                                redesignating subclauses (I) and (II) 
                                as items (aa) and (bb), respectively, 
                                and indenting appropriately;
                                    (II) in clause (iv)--
                                            (aa) in the matter 
                                        preceding subclause (I), by 
                                        striking ``clause (iii)'' and 
                                        inserting ``subclause (III)'';
                                            (bb) in subclause (IV)--

                                                    (AA) in item (cc), 
                                                by striking ``section 
                                                6(b)'' and inserting 
                                                ``subsection (b)''; and

                                                    (BB) by 
                                                redesignating items 
                                                (aa) through (cc) as 
                                                subitems (AA) through 
                                                (CC), respectively, and 
                                                indenting 
                                                appropriately; and

                                            (cc) by redesignating 
                                        subclauses (I) through (V) as 
                                        items (aa) through (ee), 
                                        respectively, and indenting 
                                        appropriately;
                                    (III) by redesignating clauses (i) 
                                through (iv) as subclauses (I) through 
                                (IV), respectively, and indenting 
                                appropriately; and
                                    (IV) by adding at the end the 
                                following:
                                    ``(V) State option.--The State 
                                agency may report relevant data from a 
                                workforce partnership carried out under 
                                subparagraph (N) to demonstrate the 
                                number of program participants served 
                                by the workforce partnership.'';
                            (iii) in subparagraph (C)--
                                    (I) in clause (iii), by striking 
                                ``and'' after the semicolon;
                                    (II) in clause (iv)--
                                            (aa) in the matter 
                                        preceding subclause (I)--

                                                    (AA) by striking 
                                                ``paragraph (1)(E)'' 
                                                and inserting 
                                                ``subparagraph (E) of 
                                                section 16(h)(1)''; and

                                                    (BB) by striking 
                                                ``paragraph (1)'' and 
                                                inserting ``that 
                                                section'';

                                            (bb) in subclause (I)--

                                                    (AA) by striking 
                                                ``paragraph 
                                                (1)(E)(ii)'' and 
                                                inserting ``section 
                                                16(h)(1)(E)(ii)''; and

                                                    (BB) by striking 
                                                ``subparagraph (B) or 
                                                (C) of section 
                                                6(o)(2)'' and inserting 
                                                ``clause (ii) or (iii) 
                                                of paragraph (2)(B)'';

                                            (cc) in subclause (II), by 
                                        striking ``paragraph (1)(E)'' 
                                        and inserting ``section 
                                        16(h)(1)(E)''; and
                                            (dd) by redesignating 
                                        subclauses (I) through (III) as 
                                        items (aa) through (cc), 
                                        respectively, and indenting 
                                        appropriately;
                                    (III) by redesignating clauses (i), 
                                (ii), (iii), and (iv) as subclauses 
                                (I), (II), (IV), and (VI), 
                                respectively, and indenting 
                                appropriately;
                                    (IV) by inserting after subclause 
                                (II) (as so redesignated) the 
                                following:
                                    ``(III) that the State agency has 
                                consulted with the State workforce 
                                board or, if appropriate, private 
                                employers or employer organizations, in 
                                the design of the employment and 
                                training program;''; and
                                    (V) by inserting after subclause 
                                (IV) (as so redesignated) the 
                                following:
                                    ``(V) that the employment and 
                                training program components of the 
                                State agency are responsive to State or 
                                local workforce needs; and'';
                            (iv) in subparagraph (D), by striking 
                        ``subparagraph (B)'' and inserting ``clause 
                        (ii)'';
                            (v) in subparagraph (E), by inserting ``or 
                        that the employment and training program is not 
                        adequately meeting State or local workforce 
                        needs'' after ``is inadequate'';
                            (vi) in subparagraph (F)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding clause 
                                (i), by striking ``October 1, 2016'' 
                                and inserting ``October 1, 2020'';
                                    (II) in clause (i), by striking 
                                ``and'' after the semicolon;
                                    (III) in clause (ii), by striking 
                                the period at the end and inserting ``; 
                                and'';
                                    (IV) by redesignating clauses (i) 
                                and (ii) as subclauses (I) and (II), 
                                respectively, and indenting 
                                appropriately; and
                                    (V) by adding at the end the 
                                following:
                                    ``(III) are meeting State or local 
                                workforce needs.'';
                            (vii) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) 
                        through (F) (as so amended) as clauses (i) 
                        through (vi), respectively, and indenting 
                        appropriately; and
                            (viii) by redesignating the paragraph as 
                        subparagraph (P), indenting the subparagraph 
                        appropriately, and moving the subparagraph so 
                        as to appear after subparagraph (O) of section 
                        6(d)(4) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
                        (7 U.S.C. 2015(d)(4)) (as added by subsection 
                        (b)(5)).
            (2) Research, demonstration, and evaluations.--Section 17 
        of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2026) is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3);
                            (ii) by striking ``(b)(1)(A) The 
                        Secretary'' and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Demonstration Projects; Pilot Projects.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary'';
                            (iii) in paragraph (1) (as so designated)--
                                    (I) in subparagraph (D)--
                                            (aa) in clause (i), in the 
                                        matter preceding subclause (I), 
                                        by striking ``subparagraph 
                                        (A)'' and inserting ``paragraph 
                                        (1)'';
                                            (bb) in clause (ii), by 
                                        striking ``clause (i)'' and 
                                        inserting ``subparagraph (A)''; 
                                        and
                                            (cc) in clause (iii), by 
                                        striking ``clause (i)(III)'' 
                                        and inserting ``subparagraph 
                                        (A)(iii)'';
                                    (II) by redesignating subparagraph 
                                (D) as paragraph (4), and indenting 
                                appropriately;
                                    (III) in subparagraph (C), by 
                                striking ``(C)(i) No waiver'' and 
                                inserting the following:
            ``(3) Restrictions.--
                    ``(A) In general.--No waiver'';
                                    (IV) in subparagraph (B)--
                                            (aa) in clause (i), in the 
                                        matter preceding subclause (I), 
                                        by striking ``subparagraph 
                                        (A)'' and inserting ``paragraph 
                                        (1)'';
                                            (bb) in clause (ii)--

                                                    (AA) in the matter 
                                                preceding subclause 
                                                (I), by striking 
                                                ``subparagraph (A)'' 
                                                and inserting 
                                                ``paragraph (1)''; and

                                                    (BB) in subclause 
                                                (IV), by striking 
                                                ``this paragraph'' and 
                                                inserting ``this 
                                                subsection'';

                                            (cc) in clause (iii), in 
                                        the matter preceding subclause 
                                        (I), by striking ``subparagraph 
                                        (A)'' and inserting ``paragraph 
                                        (1)'';
                                            (dd) in clause (iv)--

                                                    (AA) in the matter 
                                                preceding subclause 
                                                (I), by striking 
                                                ``subparagraph (A)'' 
                                                and inserting 
                                                ``paragraph (1)'';

                                                    (BB) in subclause 
                                                (I), by striking ``the 
                                                date of enactment of 
                                                this subparagraph'' and 
                                                inserting ``August 22, 
                                                1996'';

                                                    (CC) in subclause 
                                                (III)(aa), by striking 
                                                ``3(n)'' and inserting 
                                                ``3(q)'';

                                                    (DD) in subclause 
                                                (III)(dd), by striking 
                                                ``(2)(B)'' and 
                                                inserting 
                                                ``(1)(E)(ii)'';

                                                    (EE) in subclause 
                                                (III)(ii), by striking 
                                                ``this paragraph'' and 
                                                inserting ``this 
                                                subsection''; and

                                                    (FF) in subclause 
                                                (IV)(bb), by striking 
                                                ``this subclause'' and 
                                                inserting ``this 
                                                clause''; and

                                            (ee) in clause (vi), by 
                                        striking ``this paragraph'' and 
                                        inserting ``this subsection''; 
                                        and
                                    (V) by redesignating subparagraph 
                                (B) as paragraph (2) and indenting 
                                appropriately;
                            (iv) in paragraph (2) (as so 
                        redesignated)--
                                    (I) by redesignating clauses (i) 
                                through (vi) as subparagraphs (A) 
                                through (F), respectively, and 
                                indenting appropriately;
                                    (II) in subparagraph (A) (as so 
                                redesignated), by redesignating 
                                subclauses (I) and (II) as clauses (i) 
                                and (ii), respectively, and indenting 
                                appropriately;
                                    (III) in subparagraph (B) (as so 
                                redesignated), by redesignating 
                                subclauses (I) through (IV) as clauses 
                                (i) through (iv), respectively, and 
                                indenting appropriately;
                                    (IV) in subparagraph (C) (as so 
                                redesignated), by redesignating 
                                subclauses (I) and (II) as clauses (i) 
                                and (ii), respectively, and indenting 
                                appropriately; and
                                    (V) in subparagraph (D) (as so 
                                redesignated)--
                                            (aa) by redesignating 
                                        subclauses (I) through (VII) as 
                                        clauses (i) through (vii), 
                                        respectively, and indenting 
                                        appropriately;
                                            (bb) in clause (iii) (as so 
                                        redesignated), by redesignating 
                                        items (aa) through (jj) as 
                                        subclauses (I) through (X), 
                                        respectively, and indenting 
                                        appropriately; and
                                            (cc) in clause (iv) (as so 
                                        redesignated), by redesignating 
                                        items (aa) and (bb) as 
                                        subclauses (I) and (II), 
                                        respectively, and indenting 
                                        appropriately;
                            (v) in paragraph (3) (as so redesignated)--
                                    (I) in subparagraph (A) (as so 
                                redesignated)--
                                            (aa) in the matter 
                                        preceding subclause (I), by 
                                        striking ``the date of 
                                        enactment of this 
                                        subparagraph'' and inserting 
                                        ``November 28, 1990''; and
                                            (bb) in clause (ii), by 
                                        striking ``(ii) Clause (i)'' 
                                        and inserting the following:
                    ``(B) Application.--Subparagraph (A)''; and
                                    (II) in subparagraph (A) (as so 
                                redesignated), by redesignating 
                                subclauses (I) and (II) as clauses (i) 
                                and (ii), respectively, and indenting 
                                appropriately; and
                            (vi) in paragraph (4) (as so 
                        redesignated)--
                                    (I) by redesignating clauses (i) 
                                through (iii) as subparagraphs (A) 
                                through (C), respectively, and 
                                indenting appropriately; and
                                    (II) in subparagraph (A) (as so 
                                redesignated), by redesignating 
                                subclauses (I) through (IV) as clauses 
                                (i) through (iv), respectively, and 
                                indenting appropriately;
                    (B) by striking subsection (d);
                    (C) by redesignating subsections (e) through (l) as 
                subsections (d) through (k), respectively; and
                    (D) in subsection (e) (as so redesignated), in the 
                first sentence, by striking ``subsection (b)(1)'' and 
                inserting ``subsection (b)''.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 18 of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2027) is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
    ``(i) Restriction.--No funds authorized to be appropriated under 
this Act shall be used to operate a workforce partnership under section 
6(d)(4)(N).''.
    (e) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 5(a) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
        U.S.C. 2014(a)) is amended in the second sentence by striking 
        ``(d)(2)'' and inserting ``(d)(1)(E)''.
            (2) Section 6(i)(3) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
        (7 U.S.C. 2015(i)(3)) is amended by striking ``(d)'' and 
        inserting ``(d)(1)''.
            (3) Section 7(h)(6) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
        (7 U.S.C. 2016(h)(6)) is amended by striking ``17(f)'' and 
        inserting ``17(e)''.
            (4) Section 7(i)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
        (7 U.S.C. 2016(i)(1)) is amended by striking ``6(o)(2)'' and 
        inserting ``6(d)(2)(B)''.
            (5) Section 7(j)(1)(G) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
        2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(j)(1)(G)) is amended by striking ``17(f)'' 
        and inserting ``17(e)''.
            (6) Section 11(n) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
        U.S.C. 2020(n)) is amended by striking ``17(b)(1)'' and 
        inserting ``17(b)''.
            (7) Section 16(b)(4) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
        (7 U.S.C. 2025(b)(4)) is amended by striking ``section 6(d)'' 
        and inserting ``section 6(d)(1)''.
            (8) Section 20(b)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
        (7 U.S.C. 2029(b)(1)) is amended by striking ``clause (B), (C), 
        (D), (E), or (F) of section 6(d)(2)'' and inserting ``clause 
        (ii), (iii), (iv), (v), or (vi) of section 6(d)(1)(E)''.
            (9) Section 103(a)(2)(D) of the Workforce Innovation and 
        Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3113(a)(2)(D)) is amended by 
        striking ``section 6(o) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
        (7 U.S.C. 2015(o))'' and inserting ``paragraph (2) of section 
        6(d) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
        2015(d))''.
            (10) Section 121(b)(2)(B)(iv) of the Workforce Innovation 
        and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3151(b)(2)(B)(iv)) is amended by 
        striking ``section 6(o) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
        (7 U.S.C. 2015(o))'' and inserting ``paragraph (2) of section 
        6(d) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
        2015(d))''.
            (11) Section 23(b)(7)(D)(ii) of the Richard B. Russell 
        National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1769d(b)(7)(D)(ii)) is 
        amended by striking ``section 17(b)(1)(B) of the Food and 
        Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2026(b)(1)(B))'' and inserting 
        ``paragraph (2) of section 17(b) of the Food and Nutrition Act 
        of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2026(b))''.
            (12) Section 24(g)(3)(C) of the Richard B. Russell National 
        School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1769e(g)(3)(C)) is amended by 
        striking ``section 17(b)(1)(B) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
        2008 (7 U.S.C. 2026(b)(1)(B))'' and inserting ``paragraph (2) 
        of section 17(b) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
        U.S.C. 2026(b))''.

SEC. 4104. IMPROVEMENTS TO ELECTRONIC BENEFIT TRANSFER SYSTEM.

    (a) Prohibited Fees.--Section 7 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (f)(2)(C), in the subparagraph heading, 
        by striking ``Interchange'' and inserting ``Prohibited''; and
            (2) in subsection (h), by striking paragraph (13) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(13) Prohibited fees.--
                    ``(A) Definition of switching.--In this paragraph, 
                the term `switching' means the routing of an intrastate 
                or interstate transaction that consists of transmitting 
                the details of a transaction electronically recorded 
                through the use of an EBT card in 1 State to the issuer 
                of the card in--
                            ``(i) the same State; or
                            ``(ii) another State.
                    ``(B) Prohibition.--
                            ``(i) Interchange fees.--No interchange fee 
                        shall apply to an electronic benefit transfer 
                        transaction under this subsection.
                            ``(ii) Other fees.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--No fee charged 
                                by a benefit issuer (including any 
                                affiliate of a benefit issuer), or by 
                                any agent or contractor when acting on 
                                behalf of such benefit issuer, to a 
                                third party relating to the switching 
                                or routing of benefits to the same 
                                benefit issuer (including any affiliate 
                                of the benefit issuer) shall apply to 
                                an electronic benefit transfer 
                                transaction under this subsection.
                                    ``(II) Effective date.--The 
                                prohibition under subclause (I) shall 
                                be effective through fiscal year 
                                2022.''.
    (b) EBT Portability.--Section 7(f)(5) of the Food and Nutrition Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(f)(5)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
                    ``(C) Operation of individual point of sale device 
                by farmers' markets and direct marketing farmers.--A 
                farmers' market or direct marketing farmer that is 
                exempt under paragraph (2)(B)(i) shall be allowed to 
                operate an individual electronic benefit transfer point 
                of sale device at more than 1 location under the same 
                supplemental nutrition assistance program 
                authorization, if--
                            ``(i) the farmers' market or direct 
                        marketing farmer provides to the Secretary 
                        information on location and hours of operation 
                        at each location; and
                            ``(ii)(I) the point of sale device used by 
                        the farmers' market or direct marketing farmer 
                        is capable of providing location information of 
                        the device through the electronic benefit 
                        transfer system; or
                            ``(II) if the Secretary determines that the 
                        technology is not available for a point of sale 
                        device to meet the requirement under subclause 
                        (I), the farmers' market or direct marketing 
                        farmer provides to the Secretary any other 
                        information, as determined by the Secretary, 
                        necessary to ensure the integrity of 
                        transactions processed using the point of sale 
                        device.''.
    (c) Evaluation of State Electronic Benefit Transfer Systems.--
Section 7(h) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(h)) 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(15) GAO evaluation and study of state electronic benefit 
        transfer systems.--
                    ``(A) Evaluation.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Not later than 18 months 
                        after the date of enactment of this paragraph, 
                        the Comptroller General of the United States 
                        (referred to in this paragraph as the 
                        `Comptroller General') shall evaluate for each 
                        electronic benefit transfer system of a State 
                        agency selected in accordance with clause 
                        (ii)--
                                    ``(I) any type of fee charged--
                                            ``(aa) by the benefit 
                                        issuer (or an affiliate, agent, 
                                        or contractor of the benefit 
                                        issuer) of the State agency for 
                                        electronic benefit transfer-
                                        related services, including 
                                        electronic benefit transfer-
                                        related services that did not 
                                        exist before February 7, 2014; 
                                        and
                                            ``(bb) to any retail food 
                                        stores, including retail food 
                                        stores that are exempt under 
                                        subsection (f)(2)(B)(i) for 
                                        electronic benefit transfer-
                                        related services;
                                    ``(II) in consultation with the 
                                Secretary and the retail food stores 
                                within the State, any electronic 
                                benefit transfer system outages 
                                affecting the EBT cards of the State 
                                agency;
                                    ``(III) in consultation with the 
                                Secretary, any type of entity that--
                                            ``(aa) provides electronic 
                                        benefit transfer equipment and 
                                        related services to the State 
                                        agency, any benefit issuers of 
                                        the State agency, or any retail 
                                        food stores within the State;
                                            ``(bb) routes or switches 
                                        transactions through the 
                                        electronic benefit transfer 
                                        system of the State agency; or
                                            ``(cc) has access to 
                                        transaction information in the 
                                        electronic benefit transfer 
                                        system of the State agency; and
                                    ``(IV) in consultation with the 
                                Secretary, any emerging entities, 
                                services, or technologies in use with 
                                respect to the electronic benefit 
                                transfer system of the State agency.
                            ``(ii) Selection criteria.--The Comptroller 
                        General shall select for evaluation under 
                        clause (i)--
                                    ``(I) with respect to each benefit 
                                issuer that provides electronic benefit 
                                transfer-related services to 1 or more 
                                State agencies, not fewer than 1 
                                electronic benefit transfer system 
                                provided by that benefit issuer; and
                                    ``(II) any electronic benefit 
                                transfer system of a State agency that 
                                has experienced significant or frequent 
                                outages during the 2-year period 
                                preceding the date of enactment of this 
                                paragraph.
                    ``(B) Study.--Not later than 2 years after the date 
                of enactment of this paragraph, the Comptroller General 
                shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the 
                House of Representatives and the Committee on 
                Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
                report based on the evaluation carried out under 
                subparagraph (A) that includes--
                            ``(i) a description of the types of 
                        entities that--
                                    ``(I) provide electronic benefit 
                                transfer equipment and related services 
                                to State agencies, benefit issuers, and 
                                retail food stores;
                                    ``(II) route or switch transactions 
                                through electronic benefit transfer 
                                systems of State agencies; or
                                    ``(III) have access to transaction 
                                information in electronic benefit 
                                transfer systems of State agencies;
                            ``(ii) a description of emerging entities, 
                        services, and technologies in use with respect 
                        to electronic benefit transfer systems of State 
                        agencies; and
                            ``(iii) a summary of--
                                    ``(I) the types of fees charged--
                                            ``(aa) by benefit issuers 
                                        (or affiliates, agents, or 
                                        contractors of benefit issuers) 
                                        of State agencies for 
                                        electronic benefit transfer-
                                        related services, including 
                                        whether the types of fees 
                                        existed before February 7, 
                                        2014; and
                                            ``(bb) to any retail food 
                                        stores, including retail food 
                                        stores that are exempt under 
                                        subsection (f)(2)(B)(i) for 
                                        electronic benefit transfer-
                                        related services;
                                    ``(II)(aa) the causes of any 
                                electronic benefit transfer system 
                                outages affecting EBT cards; and
                                    ``(bb) potential solutions to 
                                minimize the disruption of outages to 
                                participating households.
            ``(16) Review of ebt systems requirements.--
                    ``(A) Review.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Not later than 18 months 
                        after the date of enactment of this paragraph, 
                        the Secretary shall review for each electronic 
                        benefit transfer system of a State agency 
                        selected under clause (ii)--
                                    ``(I) any contracts or other 
                                agreements between the State agency and 
                                the benefit issuer of the State agency 
                                to determine--
                                            ``(aa) the customer service 
                                        requirements of the benefit 
                                        issuer, including call center 
                                        requirements; and
                                            ``(bb) the consistency and 
                                        compatibility of data provided 
                                        by the benefit issuer to the 
                                        Secretary for appropriate 
                                        oversight of possible 
                                        fraudulent transactions; and
                                    ``(II) the use of third-party 
                                applications that access the electronic 
                                benefit transfer system to provide 
                                electronic benefit transfer account 
                                information to participating 
                                households.
                            ``(ii) Selection criteria.--The Secretary 
                        shall select for the review under clause (i) 
                        not fewer than 5 electronic benefit transfer 
                        systems of State agencies, of which--
                                    ``(I) with respect to each benefit 
                                issuer that provides electronic benefit 
                                transfer-related services to 1 or more 
                                State agencies, not fewer than 1 shall 
                                be provided by that benefit issuer; and
                                    ``(II) not more than 4 shall have 
                                experienced significant or frequent 
                                outages during the 2-year period 
                                preceding the date of enactment of this 
                                paragraph.
                    ``(B) Regulations and guidance.--Based on the study 
                conducted by the Comptroller General of the United 
                States under paragraph (15)(B) and the review conducted 
                by the Secretary under subparagraph (A), the Secretary 
                shall promulgate such regulations or issue such 
                guidance as the Secretary determines appropriate--
                            ``(i) to prohibit the imposition of any fee 
                        that is inconsistent with paragraph (13);
                            ``(ii) to minimize electronic benefit 
                        system outages;
                            ``(iii) to update procedures to handle 
                        electronic benefit transfer system outages that 
                        minimize disruption to participating households 
                        and retail food stores while protecting against 
                        fraud and abuse;
                            ``(iv) to develop cost-effective customer 
                        service standards for benefit issuers, 
                        including benefit issuer call centers or other 
                        customer service options equivalent to call 
                        centers, that would ensure adequate customer 
                        service for participating households;
                            ``(v) to address the use of third-party 
                        applications that access electronic benefit 
                        transfer systems to provide electronic benefit 
                        transfer account information to participating 
                        households, including by establishing 
                        safeguards consistent with sections 9(c) and 
                        11(e)(8) to protect the privacy of data 
                        relating to participating households and 
                        approved retail food stores; and
                            ``(vi) to improve the reliability of 
                        electronic benefit transfer systems.
                    ``(C) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the 
                date of enactment of this paragraph, the Secretary 
                shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the 
                House of Representatives and the Committee on 
                Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
                report that includes a description of the effects, if 
                any, on an electronic benefit transfer system of a 
                State agency from the use of third-party applications 
                that access the electronic benefit transfer system to 
                provide electronic benefit transfer account information 
                to participating households.''.
    (d) Approval of Retail Food Stores.--Section 9 of the Food and 
Nutrition Act (7 U.S.C. 2018) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) in the fourth sentence, by striking ``No retail 
                food store'' and inserting the following:
                    ``(D) Visit required.--No retail food store'';
                    (B) in the third sentence, by striking ``Approval'' 
                and inserting the following:
                    ``(C) Certificate.--Approval'';
                    (C) in the second sentence--
                            (i) by striking ``food; and (D) the'' and 
                        inserting the following: ``food;
                            ``(iv) any information, if available, about 
                        the ability of the anticipated or existing 
                        electronic benefit transfer equipment and 
                        service provider of the applicant to provide 
                        sufficient information through the electronic 
                        benefit transfer system to minimize the risk of 
                        fraudulent transactions; and
                            ``(v) the'';
                            (ii) by striking ``concern; (C) whether'' 
                        and inserting the following: ``concern;
                            ``(iii) whether'';
                            (iii) by striking ``applicant; (B) the'' 
                        and inserting the following: ``applicant;
                            ``(ii) the'';
                            (iv) by striking ``following: (A) the 
                        nature'' and inserting the following: 
                        ``following:
                            ``(i) the nature''; and
                            (v) in the matter preceding clause (i) (as 
                        so designated), by striking ``In determining'' 
                        and inserting the following:
                    ``(B) Factors for consideration.--In determining''; 
                and
                    (D) in the first sentence, by striking ``(a)(1) 
                Regulations'' and inserting the following:
    ``(a) Authorization to Accept and Redeem Benefits.--
            ``(1) Applications.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Regulations'';
            (2) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Electronic benefit transfer equipment and service 
        providers.--Before implementing clause (iv) of paragraph 
        (1)(B), the Secretary shall issue guidance for retail food 
        stores on how to select electronic benefit transfer equipment 
        and service providers that are able to meet the requirements of 
        that clause.''; and
            (3) in subsection (c), in the first sentence, by inserting 
        ``records relating to electronic benefit transfer equipment and 
        related services, transaction and redemption data provided 
        through the electronic benefit transfer system,'' after 
        ``purchase invoices,''.

SEC. 4105. RETAIL INCENTIVES.

    Section 9 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2018) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(i) Incentives.--
            ``(1) Definition of eligible incentive food.--In this 
        subsection, the term `eligible incentive food' means food that 
        is--
                    ``(A) identified for increased consumption by the 
                most recent Dietary Guidelines for Americans published 
                under section 301 of the National Nutrition Monitoring 
                and Related Research Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5341); and
                    ``(B) a fruit, a vegetable, low-fat dairy, or a 
                whole grain.
            ``(2) Regulations.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall promulgate 
                regulations to clarify the process by which an approved 
                retail food store may seek a waiver to offer an 
                incentive that may be used only for the purchase of 
                eligible incentive food at the point of purchase to a 
                household purchasing food with benefits issued under 
                this Act.
                    ``(B) Regulations.--The regulations under 
                subparagraph (A) shall establish a process under which 
                an approved retail food store, prior to carrying out an 
                incentive program under this subsection, shall provide 
                to the Secretary information describing the incentive 
                program, including--
                            ``(i) the types of incentives that will be 
                        offered;
                            ``(ii) the types of foods that will be 
                        incentivized for purchase; and
                            ``(iii) an explanation of how the incentive 
                        program intends to support meeting dietary 
                        intake goals.
            ``(3) No limitation on benefits.--A waiver granted under 
        this subsection shall not be used to carry out any activity 
        that limits the use of benefits under this Act or any other 
        Federal nutrition law.
            ``(4) Effect.--Regulations promulgated under this 
        subsection shall not affect any requirements under section 4405 
        of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
        7517) or section 4304 of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 
        2018, including the eligibility of a retail food store to 
        participate in a project funded under those sections.
            ``(5) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the Committee 
        on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate 
        an annual report describing the types of incentives approved 
        under this subsection.''.

SEC. 4106. REQUIRED ACTION ON DATA MATCH INFORMATION.

    Section 11(e) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2020(e)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (24), by striking ``and'' after the 
        semicolon;
            (2) in paragraph (25), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(26) that for a household participating in the 
        supplemental nutrition assistance program, the State agency 
        shall pursue clarification and verification, if applicable, of 
        information relating to the circumstances of the household 
        received from data matches for the purpose of ensuring an 
        accurate eligibility and benefit determination, only if the 
        information--
                    ``(A) appears to present significantly conflicting 
                information from the information that was used by the 
                State agency at the time of certification of the 
                household;
                    ``(B) is obtained from data matches carried out 
                under subsection (q), (r), or (w); or
                    ``(C)(i) is fewer than 60 days old relative to the 
                current month of participation of the household; and
                    ``(ii) if accurate, would have been required to be 
                reported by the household based on the reporting 
                requirements assigned to the household by the State 
                agency under section 6(c).''.

SEC. 4107. INCOME VERIFICATION.

    Section 17 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2026) 
(as amended by section 4103(c)(2)(C)) is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
    ``(l) Pilot Projects for Improving Earned Income Verification.--
            ``(1) In general.--Under such terms and conditions as the 
        Secretary considers to be appropriate, the Secretary shall 
        establish a pilot program (referred to in this subsection as 
        the `pilot program') under which not more than 8 States may 
        carry out pilot projects to test strategies to improve the 
        accuracy or efficiency of the process for verification of 
        earned income at certification and recertification of applicant 
        households for the supplemental nutrition assistance program.
            ``(2) Contract options.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In carrying out the pilot 
                program, prior to soliciting applications for pilot 
                projects from State agencies, the Secretary shall--
                            ``(i) assess the availability of up-to-date 
                        earned income information from different 
                        commercial data service providers; and
                            ``(ii) make a determination regarding the 
                        overall cost-effectiveness to the Department of 
                        Agriculture and the State agencies 
                        administering the supplemental nutrition 
                        assistance program of--
                                    ``(I) the Secretary entering into a 
                                contract with a commercial data service 
                                provider to provide to State agencies 
                                carrying out pilot projects up-to-date 
                                earned income information for 
                                verification of the earned income at 
                                certification and recertification of 
                                applicant households for the 
                                supplemental nutrition assistance 
                                program;
                                    ``(II) the Secretary entering into 
                                an agreement with the Secretary of 
                                Health and Human Services to allow 
                                State agencies carrying out pilot 
                                projects to verify earned income 
                                information at certification and 
                                recertification of applicant households 
                                for the supplemental nutrition 
                                assistance program in the State using 
                                up-to-date earned income information 
                                from a commercial data service provider 
                                under the electronic interface 
                                developed by the State and used by the 
                                State Medicaid agency to verify income 
                                eligibility for the State Medicaid 
                                program under title XIX of the Social 
                                Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.); 
                                or
                                    ``(III) a State agency carrying out 
                                a pilot project entering into a 
                                contract with a commercial data service 
                                provider to obtain up-to-date earned 
                                income information to verify the earned 
                                income at certification and 
                                recertification of applicant households 
                                for the supplemental nutrition 
                                assistance program in the State.
                    ``(B) Authority to enter into contracts.--If 
                determined appropriate by the Secretary, the Secretary 
                may, based on the cost-effectiveness determination 
                described in subparagraph (A)(ii)--
                            ``(i) enter into a contract described in 
                        subclause (I) of that subparagraph;
                            ``(ii) enter into an agreement described in 
                        subclause (II) of that subparagraph; or
                            ``(iii) allow each State agency carrying 
                        out a pilot project to enter into a contract 
                        described in subclause (III) of that 
                        subparagraph, on the condition that the Federal 
                        share of the cost of the contract shall not 
                        exceed 75 percent of the total cost of the 
                        contract.
                    ``(C) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
                of enactment of this subsection, the Secretary shall 
                submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
                Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that 
                describes the results of the assessment and 
                determination under subparagraph (A).
            ``(3) Pilot projects.--
                    ``(A) Application.--A State agency seeking to carry 
                out a pilot project under the pilot program shall 
                submit to the Secretary an application at such time, in 
                such manner, and containing such information as the 
                Secretary may require, including--
                            ``(i) an identification of the 1 or more 
                        proposed changes to the process for verifying 
                        earned income used by the State agency;
                            ``(ii) a description of how the proposed 
                        changes under clause (i) would meet the purpose 
                        described in paragraph (1); and
                            ``(iii) a plan to evaluate how the proposed 
                        changes under clause (i) would improve the 
                        accuracy or efficiency of the verification of 
                        earned income at certification and 
                        recertification of applicant households for the 
                        supplemental nutrition assistance program in 
                        the State.
                    ``(B) Selection criteria.--The Secretary shall 
                select to carry out pilot projects State agencies that, 
                as determined by the Secretary--
                            ``(i) do not have access to up-to-date 
                        earned income information for the verification 
                        of earned income at certification and 
                        recertification of applicant households for the 
                        supplemental nutrition assistance program in 
                        the State;
                            ``(ii) would be able to access and use, for 
                        the verification of earned income at 
                        certification and recertification of applicant 
                        households for the supplemental nutrition 
                        assistance program in the State, up-to-date 
                        earned income information used to determine 
                        eligibility for another Federal assistance 
                        program; or
                            ``(iii) have cost-effective, innovative 
                        approaches to verifying earned income that 
                        would improve the accuracy or efficiency of the 
                        verification of earned income at certification 
                        and recertification of applicant households for 
                        the supplemental nutrition assistance program 
                        in the State.
            ``(4) Grants.--The Secretary may make grants to a State 
        agency to carry out a pilot project.
            ``(5) Effect on other requirements.--A pilot project 
        carried out under this subsection shall not alter the 
        eligibility requirements under section 5 or the reporting 
        requirements under section 6(c).
            ``(6) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date on 
        which the pilot program terminates under paragraph (8), the 
        Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the 
        House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that describes 
        the results of the pilot projects carried out under the pilot 
        program.
            ``(7) Funding.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Out of funds made available 
                under section 18(a)(1), on October 1, 2018, the 
                Secretary shall make available $10,000,000 to carry out 
                this subsection, to remain available until expended.
                    ``(B) Costs.--The Secretary shall allocate not more 
                than 10 percent of the amounts made available under 
                subparagraph (A) to carry out subparagraphs (A) and (C) 
                of paragraph (2) and paragraph (6).
            ``(8) Termination.--The pilot program shall terminate not 
        later than September 30, 2022.''.

SEC. 4108. PILOT PROJECTS TO IMPROVE HEALTHY DIETARY PATTERNS RELATED 
              TO FLUID MILK IN THE SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE 
              PROGRAM.

    Section 17 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2026) 
(as amended by section 4107) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(m) Pilot Projects to Improve Healthy Dietary Patterns Related to 
Fluid Milk Consumption Among Participants or Households in the 
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program That Under-consume Fluid 
Milk.--
            ``(1) Definition of fluid milk.--In this subsection, the 
        term `fluid milk' means cow milk, without flavoring or 
        sweeteners, consistent with the most recent Dietary Guidelines 
        for Americans published under section 301 of the National 
        Nutrition Monitoring and Related Research Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 
        5341), that is packaged in liquid form.
            ``(2) Pilot projects.--The Secretary shall carry out, under 
        such terms and conditions as the Secretary considers to be 
        appropriate, pilot projects to develop and test methods that 
        would increase the purchase of fluid milk, in a manner 
        consistent with the most recent Dietary Guidelines for 
        Americans published under section 301 of the National Nutrition 
        Monitoring and Related Research Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5341), by 
        individuals or households participating in the supplemental 
        nutrition assistance program that under-consume fluid milk by 
        providing an incentive for the purchase of fluid milk at the 
        point of purchase to a household purchasing food with 
        supplemental nutrition assistance program benefits.
            ``(3) Grants or cooperative agreements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In carrying out this subsection, 
                the Secretary may enter into competitively awarded 
                cooperative agreements with, or provide grants to, a 
                government agency or nonprofit organization for use in 
                accordance with projects that meet the strategic goals 
                of this subsection, including allowing the government 
                agency or nonprofit organization to award subgrants to 
                retail food stores authorized under this Act.
                    ``(B) Application.--To be eligible to receive a 
                cooperative agreement or grant under this paragraph, a 
                government agency or nonprofit organization shall 
                submit to the Secretary an application at such time, in 
                such manner, and containing such information as the 
                Secretary may require.
                    ``(C) Selection criteria.--Pilot projects shall be 
                evaluated against publicly disseminated criteria that 
                shall include--
                            ``(i) incorporation of a scientifically 
                        based strategy that is designed to improve diet 
                        quality through the increased purchase of fluid 
                        milk for participants or households in the 
                        supplemental nutrition assistance program that 
                        under-consume fluid milk;
                            ``(ii) a commitment to a pilot project that 
                        allows for a rigorous outcome evaluation, 
                        including data collection; and
                            ``(iii) other criteria, as determined by 
                        the Secretary.
                    ``(D) Use of funds.--Funds provided under this 
                paragraph shall not be used for any project that limits 
                the use of benefits under this Act.
                    ``(E) Duration.--Each pilot project carried out 
                under this subsection shall be in effect for not more 
                than 24 months.
            ``(4) Projects.--Pilot projects carried out under paragraph 
        (2) shall include projects to determine whether incentives for 
        the purchase of fluid milk by individuals or households 
        participating in the supplemental nutrition assistance program 
        that under-consume fluid milk result in--
                    ``(A) improved nutritional outcomes for 
                participating individuals or households;
                    ``(B) changes in purchasing and consumption of 
                fluid milk among participating individuals or 
                households; or
                    ``(C) diets more closely aligned with healthy 
                eating patterns consistent with the most recent Dietary 
                Guidelines for Americans published under section 301 of 
                the National Nutrition Monitoring and Related Research 
                Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5341).
            ``(5) Evaluation and reporting.--
                    ``(A) Evaluation.--
                            ``(i) Independent evaluation.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--The Secretary 
                                shall provide for an independent 
                                evaluation of projects selected under 
                                this subsection that measures the 
                                impact of the pilot program on health 
                                and nutrition as described in 
                                paragraphs (2) through (4).
                                    ``(II) Requirement.--The 
                                independent evaluation under subclause 
                                (I) shall use rigorous methodologies, 
                                particularly random assignment or other 
                                methods that are capable of producing 
                                scientifically valid information 
                                regarding which activities are 
                                effective.
                            ``(ii) Costs.--The Secretary may use funds 
                        provided to carry out this subsection to pay 
                        costs associated with monitoring and evaluating 
                        each pilot project.
                    ``(B) Reporting.--Not later than 90 days after the 
                last day of fiscal year 2019 and each fiscal year 
                thereafter until the completion of the last evaluation 
                under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall submit to 
                the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
                Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that 
                includes a description of--
                            ``(i) the status of each pilot project;
                            ``(ii) the results of the evaluation 
                        completed during the previous fiscal year; and
                            ``(iii) to the maximum extent practicable--
                                    ``(I) the impact of the pilot 
                                project on appropriate health, 
                                nutrition, and associated behavioral 
                                outcomes among households participating 
                                in the pilot project;
                                    ``(II) baseline information 
                                relevant to the stated goals and 
                                desired outcomes of the pilot project; 
                                and
                                    ``(III) equivalent information 
                                about similar or identical measures 
                                among control or comparison groups that 
                                did not participate in the pilot 
                                project.
                    ``(C) Public dissemination.--In addition to the 
                reporting requirements under subparagraph (B), 
                evaluation results shall be shared broadly to inform 
                policy makers, service providers, other partners, and 
                the public to promote wide use of successful 
                strategies.
            ``(6) Funding.--
                    ``(A) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
                authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
                subsection $20,000,000, to remain available until 
                expended.
                    ``(B) Appropriations in advance.--Only funds 
                appropriated under subparagraph (A) in advance 
                specifically to carry out this subsection shall be 
                available to carry out this subsection.''.

SEC. 4109. INTERSTATE DATA MATCHING TO PREVENT MULTIPLE ISSUANCES.

    Section 11 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2020) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(w) National Accuracy Clearinghouse.--
            ``(1) Definition of indication of multiple issuance.--In 
        this subsection, the term `indication of multiple issuance' 
        means an indication, based on a computer match, that benefits 
        are being issued to an individual under the supplemental 
        nutrition assistance program from more than 1 State 
        simultaneously.
            ``(2) Establishment.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish an 
                interstate data system, to be known as the `National 
                Accuracy Clearinghouse', to prevent the simultaneous 
                issuance of benefits to an individual by more than 1 
                State under the supplemental nutrition assistance 
                program.
                    ``(B) Data matching.--The Secretary shall require 
                that States make available to the National Accuracy 
                Clearinghouse only such information as is necessary for 
                the purpose described in subparagraph (A).
                    ``(C) Data protection.--The information made 
                available by States under subparagraph (B)--
                            ``(i) shall be used only for the purpose 
                        described in subparagraph (A); and
                            ``(ii) shall not be retained for longer 
                        than is necessary to accomplish that purpose.
            ``(3) Issuance of interim final regulations.--Not later 
        than 18 months after the date of enactment of this subsection, 
        the Secretary shall promulgate regulations (which shall include 
        interim final regulations) to carry out this subsection that--
                    ``(A) incorporate best practices and lessons 
                learned from the pilot program under section 4032(c) of 
                the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 2036c(c));
                    ``(B) require a State to take appropriate action, 
                as determined by the Secretary, with respect to each 
                indication of multiple issuance or indication that an 
                individual receiving benefits in 1 State has applied to 
                receive benefits in another State, while ensuring 
                timely and fair service to applicants for, and 
                participants in, the supplemental nutrition assistance 
                program;
                    ``(C) limit the information submitted through or 
                retained by the National Accuracy Clearinghouse to 
                information necessary to accomplish the purpose 
                described in paragraph (2)(A);
                    ``(D) establish safeguards to protect--
                            ``(i) the information submitted through or 
                        retained by the National Accuracy 
                        Clearinghouse, including by limiting the period 
                        of time that information is retained to the 
                        period necessary to accomplish the purpose 
                        described in paragraph (2)(A); and
                            ``(ii) the privacy of information that is 
                        submitted through or retained by the National 
                        Accuracy Clearinghouse, which shall include--
                                    ``(I) prohibiting any contractor 
                                who has access to information that is 
                                submitted through or retained by the 
                                National Accuracy Clearinghouse from 
                                using that information for purposes not 
                                directly related to the purpose 
                                described in paragraph (2)(A); and
                                    ``(II) other safeguards, consistent 
                                with subsection (e)(8);
                    ``(E) establish a process by which a State shall--
                            ``(i) not later than 3 years after the date 
                        of enactment of this subsection, conduct a 
                        computer match using the National Accuracy 
                        Clearinghouse;
                            ``(ii) after the first computer match under 
                        clause (i), conduct computer matches on an 
                        ongoing basis, as determined by the Secretary;
                            ``(iii) identify and take appropriate 
                        action, as determined by the Secretary, with 
                        respect to each indication of multiple issuance 
                        or indication that an individual receiving 
                        benefits in 1 State has applied to receive 
                        benefits in another State; and
                            ``(iv) protect the identity and location of 
                        a vulnerable individual (including a victim of 
                        domestic violence) that is an applicant to or 
                        participant of the supplemental nutrition 
                        assistance program; and
                    ``(F) include other rules and standards, as 
                determined by the Secretary.''.

SEC. 4110. QUALITY CONTROL.

    (a) Records.--
            (1) In general.--Section 11(a)(3)(B) of the Food and 
        Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2020(a)(3)(B)) is amended in 
        the matter preceding clause (i) by inserting ``and systems 
        containing those records'' after ``subparagraph (A)''.
            (2) Cost sharing for computerization.--Section 16(g)(1) of 
        the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(g)(1)) is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (F)(ii), by striking the period 
                at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(G) would be accessible by the Secretary for 
                inspection and audit under section 11(a)(3)(B); and''.
    (b) Quality Control System.--Section 16(c)(1) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(c)(1)) is amended by striking 
subparagraph (B) and inserting the following:
                    ``(B) Quality control system integrity.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Not later than 180 days 
                        after the date of enactment of the Agriculture 
                        Improvement Act of 2018, the Secretary shall 
                        issue interim final regulations that--
                                    ``(I) ensure that the quality 
                                control system established under this 
                                subsection produces valid statistical 
                                results;
                                    ``(II) provide for oversight of 
                                contracts entered into by a State 
                                agency for the purpose of improving 
                                payment accuracy;
                                    ``(III) ensure the accuracy of data 
                                collected under the quality control 
                                system established under this 
                                subsection; and
                                    ``(IV) to the maximum extent 
                                practicable, for each fiscal year, 
                                evaluate the integrity of the quality 
                                control process of not fewer than 2 
                                State agencies, selected in accordance 
                                with criteria determined by the 
                                Secretary.
                            ``(ii) Debarment.--In accordance with the 
                        nonprocurement debarment procedures under part 
                        417 of title 2, Code of Federal Regulations (or 
                        successor regulations), the Secretary shall bar 
                        any person that, in carrying out the quality 
                        control system established under this 
                        subsection, knowingly submits, or causes to be 
                        submitted, false information to the 
                        Secretary.''.
    (c) Elimination of State Bonuses for Error Rates.--
            (1) In general.--Section 16(d) of the Food and Nutrition 
        Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(d)) is amended--
                    (A) by striking the subsection heading and 
                inserting ``State Performance Indicators and Bonuses.--
                ''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by striking 
                        ``subparagraph (B)(ii)'' and inserting 
                        ``clauses (ii) and (iii) of subparagraph (B)''; 
                        and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding clause 
                                (i), by striking ``With respect'' and 
                                all that follows through the end of 
                                clause (i) and inserting the following:
                            ``(i) Performance measurement.--With 
                        respect to fiscal year 2005 and each fiscal 
                        year thereafter, the Secretary shall measure 
                        the performance of each State agency with 
                        respect to the criteria established under 
                        subparagraph (A)(i).'';
                                    (II) in clause (ii), by striking 
                                ``(ii) subject to paragraph (3),'' and 
                                inserting the following:
                            ``(ii) Performance bonuses for fiscal years 
                        2005 through 2017.--With respect to each of 
                        fiscal years 2005 through 2017, subject to 
                        paragraph (3), the Secretary shall''; and
                                    (III) by adding at the end the 
                                following:
                            ``(iii) Performance bonuses for fiscal 
                        years 2018 and thereafter.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--With respect to 
                                fiscal year 2018 and each fiscal year 
                                thereafter, subject to subclause (II) 
                                and paragraph (3), the Secretary shall 
                                award performance bonus payments in the 
                                following fiscal year, in a total 
                                amount of $6,000,000 for each fiscal 
                                year, to State agencies that meet 
                                standards for high or most improved 
                                performance established by the 
                                Secretary under subparagraph (A)(ii) 
                                for the measure of application 
                                processing timeliness.
                                    ``(II) Performance bonus payments 
                                for fiscal year 2018 performance.--The 
                                Secretary shall award performance bonus 
                                payments in a total amount of 
                                $6,000,000 to State agencies in fiscal 
                                year 2019 for fiscal year 2018 
                                performance, in accordance with 
                                subclause (I).''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 16(i)(1) of the Food and 
        Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(i)(1)) is amended by 
        striking ``(as defined in subsection (d)(1))''.

SEC. 4111. REQUIREMENT OF LIVE-PRODUCTION ENVIRONMENTS FOR CERTAIN 
              PILOT PROJECTS RELATING TO COST SHARING FOR 
              COMPUTERIZATION.

    Section 16(g)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2025(g)(1)) (as amended by section 4110(a)(2)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (F), by redesignating clauses (i) and 
        (ii) as subclauses (I) and (II), respectively, and indenting 
        appropriately;
            (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (G) as 
        clauses (i) through (vii), respectively, and indenting 
        appropriately;
            (3) in the matter preceding clause (i) (as so 
        redesignated)--
                    (A) by striking ``paragraphs (2) and (3)'' and 
                inserting ``paragraph (2)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``in the planning'' and inserting 
                the following: ``in the--
                    ``(A) planning'';
            (4) in clause (v) (as so redesignated) of subparagraph (A) 
        (as so designated), by striking ``implementation, including 
        through pilot projects in limited areas for major systems 
        changes as determined under rules promulgated by the Secretary, 
        data from which'' and inserting the following: 
        ``implementation, including a requirement that--
                                    ``(I) such testing shall be 
                                accomplished through pilot projects in 
                                limited areas for major systems changes 
                                (as determined under rules promulgated 
                                by the Secretary);
                                    ``(II) each pilot project described 
                                in subclause (I) that is carried out 
                                before the implementation of a system 
                                shall be conducted in a live-production 
                                environment; and
                                    ``(III) the data resulting from 
                                each pilot project carried out under 
                                this clause''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) operation of 1 or more automatic data 
                processing and information retrieval systems that the 
                Secretary determines may continue to be operated in 
                accordance with clauses (i) through (vii) of 
                subparagraph (A).''.

SEC. 4112. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 18(a)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2027(a)(1)) is amended in the first sentence by striking ``2018'' and 
inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 4113. ASSISTANCE FOR COMMUNITY FOOD PROJECTS.

    Section 25(b)(2) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2034(b)(2)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``fiscal year 2015 and 
        each fiscal year thereafter.'' and inserting ``each of fiscal 
        years 2015 through 2018; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2019 and each 
                fiscal year thereafter.''.

SEC. 4114. NUTRITION EDUCATION STATE PLANS.

    Section 28(c) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2036a(c)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding clause (i), by 
                        striking ``Except as provided in subparagraph 
                        (C), a'' and inserting ``A'';
                            (ii) in clause (ii), by striking ``and'' 
                        after the semicolon;
                            (iii) by redesignating clause (iii) as 
                        clause (iv); and
                            (iv) by inserting after clause (ii) the 
                        following:
                            ``(iii) describe how the State agency shall 
                        use an electronic reporting system that 
                        measures and evaluates the projects; and''; and
                    (B) by striking subparagraph (C);
            (2) in paragraph (3)(B), in the matter preceding clause 
        (i), by inserting ``, the Director of the National Institute of 
        Food and Agriculture,'' before ``and outside stakeholders'';
            (3) in paragraph (5), by inserting ``the expanded food and 
        nutrition education program or'' before ``other health 
        promotion''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) Report.--The State agency shall submit to the 
        Secretary an annual evaluation report in accordance with 
        regulations issued by the Secretary.''.

SEC. 4115. EMERGENCY FOOD ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) State Plan.--Section 202A(b) of the Emergency Food Assistance 
Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 7503(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' after the 
        semicolon;
            (2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) at the option of the State agency, describe a plan of 
        operation for 1 or more projects in partnership with 1 or more 
        emergency feeding organizations located in the State to 
        harvest, process, and package donated commodities received 
        under section 203D(d); and
            ``(6) describe a plan, which may include the use of a State 
        advisory board established under subsection (c), that provides 
        emergency feeding organizations or eligible recipient agencies 
        within the State an opportunity to provide input on the 
        commodity preferences and needs of the emergency feeding 
        organization or eligible recipient agency.''.
    (b) State and Local Supplementation of Commodities.--Section 203D 
of the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 7507) is amended 
by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Projects to Harvest, Process, and Package Donated 
Commodities.--
            ``(1) Definition of project.--In this subsection, the term 
        `project' means the harvesting, processing, or packaging of 
        unharvested, unprocessed, or unpackaged commodities donated by 
        agricultural producers, processors, or distributors for use by 
        emergency feeding organizations under subsection (a).
            ``(2) Federal funding for projects.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraphs (B) and 
                (C) and paragraph (3), using funds made available under 
                paragraph (5), the Secretary may provide funding to 
                States to pay for the costs of carrying out a project.
                    ``(B) Federal share.--The Federal share of the cost 
                of a project under subparagraph (A) shall not exceed 50 
                percent of the total cost of the project.
                    ``(C) Allocation.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Each fiscal year, the 
                        Secretary shall allocate to States that have 
                        submitted under section 202A(b)(5) a State plan 
                        describing a plan of operation for a project 
                        the funds made available under subparagraph (A) 
                        based on a formula determined by the Secretary.
                            ``(ii) Reallocation.--If the Secretary 
                        determines that a State will not expend all of 
                        the funds allocated to the State for a fiscal 
                        year under clause (i), the Secretary shall 
                        reallocate the unexpended funds to other States 
                        that have submitted under section 202A(b)(5) a 
                        State plan describing a plan of operation for a 
                        project during that fiscal year or the 
                        subsequent fiscal year, as the Secretary 
                        determines appropriate.
                            ``(iii) Reports.--Each State to which funds 
                        are allocated for a fiscal year under this 
                        subparagraph shall, on a regular basis, submit 
                        to the Secretary financial reports describing 
                        the use of the funds.
            ``(3) Project purposes.--A State may only use Federal funds 
        received under paragraph (2) for a project the purposes of 
        which are--
                    ``(A) to reduce food waste at the agricultural 
                production, processing, or distribution level through 
                the donation of food;
                    ``(B) to provide food to individuals in need; and
                    ``(C) to build relationships between agricultural 
                producers, processors, and distributors and emergency 
                feeding organizations through the donation of food.
            ``(4) Cooperative agreements.--The Secretary may encourage 
        a State agency that carries out a project using Federal funds 
        received under paragraph (2) to enter into cooperative 
        agreements with State agencies of other States under section 
        203B(d) to maximize the use of commodities donated under the 
        project.
            ``(5) Funding.--Out of funds not otherwise appropriated, 
        the Secretary of the Treasury shall transfer to the Secretary 
        to carry out this subsection $4,000,000 for each of fiscal 
        years 2019 through 2023, to remain available until the end of 
        the subsequent fiscal year.''.
    (c) Food Waste.--Section 203D of the Emergency Food Assistance Act 
of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 7507) (as amended by subsection (b)) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Food Waste.--The Secretary shall issue guidance outlining 
best practices to minimize the food waste of the commodities donated 
under subsection (a).''.
    (d) Emergency Food Program Infrastructure Grants.--Section 209(d) 
of the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 7511a(d)) is 
amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
    (e) Availability of Commodities for the Emergency Food Assistance 
Program.--Section 27(a) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2036(a)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``2018'' and 
                inserting ``2023'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (D)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding clause (i), by 
                        striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023'';
                            (ii) in clause (iii), by striking ``and'' 
                        after the semicolon;
                            (iii) in clause (iv), by striking ``and'' 
                        after the semicolon;
                            (iv) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(v) for fiscal year 2019, $20,000,000;
                            ``(vi) for fiscal year 2020, $23,000,000;
                            ``(vii) for fiscal year 2021, $24,000,000;
                            ``(viii) for fiscal year 2022, $25,000,000; 
                        and
                            ``(ix) for fiscal year 2023, $25,000,000; 
                        and''; and
                    (C) in subparagraph (E)--
                            (i) by striking ``2019'' and inserting 
                        ``2024'';
                            (ii) by striking ``(D)(iv)'' and inserting 
                        ``(D)(ix)''; and
                            (iii) by striking ``June 30, 2017'' and 
                        inserting ``June 30, 2023''.

SEC. 4116. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Section 3 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d), by striking ``7(i)'' and inserting 
        ``7(h)'';
            (2) in subsection (i), by striking ``7(i)'' and inserting 
        ``7(h)''; and
            (3) in subsection (o)(1)(A), by striking ``(r)(1)'' and 
        inserting ``(q)(1)''.
    (b) Section 5(a) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2014(a)) is amended by striking ``3(n)(4)'' each place it appears and 
inserting ``3(m)(4)''.
    (c) Section 8 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2017) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``3(n)(5)'' and 
        inserting ``3(m)(5)''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)(1)(A), by striking ``3(n)(5)'' and 
        inserting ``3(m)(5)''.
    (d) Section 9(c) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2018(c)) is amended in the third sentence by striking ``to any used 
by'' and inserting ``to, and used by,''.
    (e) Section 10 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2019) is amended in the first sentence--
            (1) by striking ``or the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance 
        Corporation'' each place it appears; and
            (2) by striking ``3(p)(4)'' and inserting ``3(o)(4)''.
    (f) Section 11 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2020) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``3(t)(1)'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``3(s)(1)''; and
            (2) by striking ``3(t)(2)'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``3(s)(2)''.
    (g) Section 18(e) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2027(e)) is amended in the first sentence by striking ``7(f)'' and 
inserting ``7(e)''.
    (h) Section 25(a)(1)(B)(i)(I) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 2034(a)(1)(B)(i)(I)) is amended by striking ``service;;'' and 
inserting ``service;''.

              Subtitle B--Commodity Distribution Programs

SEC. 4201. COMMODITY DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM.

    Section 4(a) of the Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of 1973 
(7 U.S.C. 612c note; Public Law 93-86) is amended in the first sentence 
by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 4202. COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM.

    Section 5 of the Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of 1973 (7 
U.S.C. 612c note; Public Law 93-86) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2018'' and 
                inserting ``2023''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(B), in the matter preceding 
                clause (i), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
                ``2023'';
            (2) in subsection (d)(2), in the first sentence, by 
        striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''; and
            (3) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) by striking ``Except'' and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(1) In general.--Except''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Certification.--
                    ``(A) Definition of certification period.--In this 
                paragraph, the term `certification period' means the 
                period during which a participant in the commodity 
                supplemental food program in a State may continue to 
                receive benefits under the commodity supplemental food 
                program without a formal review of the eligibility of 
                the participant.
                    ``(B) Minimum certification period.--Subject to 
                subparagraphs (C) and (D), a State shall establish for 
                the commodity supplemental food program of the State a 
                certification period of--
                            ``(i) not less than 1 year; but
                            ``(ii) not more than 3 years.
                    ``(C) Temporary certification.--An eligible 
                individual in the commodity supplemental food program 
                in a State may be provided with a temporary monthly 
                certification to fill any caseload slot resulting from 
                nonparticipation by other certified participants.
                    ``(D) Approvals.--A certification period of more 
                than 1 year established by a State under subparagraph 
                (B) shall be subject to the approval of the Secretary, 
                who shall approve such a certification period on the 
                condition that, with respect to each participant 
                receiving benefits under the commodity supplemental 
                food program of the State, the local agency in the 
                State administering the commodity supplemental food 
                program, on an annual basis during the certification 
                period applicable to the participant--
                            ``(i) verifies the address and continued 
                        interest of the participant; and
                            ``(ii) has sufficient reason to determine 
                        that the participant still meets the income 
                        eligibility standards under paragraph (1), 
                        which may include a determination that the 
                        participant has a fixed income.''.

SEC. 4203. DISTRIBUTION OF SURPLUS COMMODITIES; SPECIAL NUTRITION 
              PROJECTS.

    Section 1114(a)(2)(A) of the Agriculture and Food Act of 1981 (7 
U.S.C. 1431e(a)(2)(A)) is amended in the first sentence by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

                       Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

SEC. 4301. PURCHASE OF SPECIALTY CROPS.

    Section 10603(b) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 612c-4(b)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 4302. SENIORS FARMERS' MARKET NUTRITION PROGRAM.

    Section 4402(a) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 3007(a)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 4303. THE GUS SCHUMACHER FOOD INSECURITY NUTRITION INCENTIVE.

    Section 4405 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 
U.S.C. 7517) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``food'' and 
        inserting ``the gus schumacher food'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding 
                subparagraph (A), by striking ``means'' and all that 
                follows through the end of subparagraph (L) and 
                inserting ``means a governmental agency or nonprofit 
                organization.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) by striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``; and'';
                            (ii) by striking ``means the'' and 
                        inserting the following: ``means--
                    ``(A) the''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) the programs for nutrition assistance under 
                section 19 of that Act (7 U.S.C. 2028).'';
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) and 
                        (C) as subparagraphs (C) and (D), respectively;
                            (ii) by inserting after subparagraph (A) 
                        the following:
                    ``(B) Partners and collaborators.--An eligible 
                entity that receives a grant under this subsection may 
                partner with, or make subgrants to, public, private, 
                nonprofit, or for-profit entities, including--
                            ``(i) an emergency feeding organization;
                            ``(ii) an agricultural cooperative;
                            ``(iii) a producer network or association;
                            ``(iv) a community health organization;
                            ``(v) a public benefit corporation;
                            ``(vi) an economic development corporation;
                            ``(vii) a farmers' market;
                            ``(viii) a community-supported agriculture 
                        program;
                            ``(ix) a buying club;
                            ``(x) a retail food store participating in 
                        the supplemental nutrition assistance program;
                            ``(xi) a State, local, or tribal agency;
                            ``(xii) another eligible entity that 
                        receives a grant; and
                            ``(xiii) any other entity the Secretary 
                        designates.'';
                            (iii) in subparagraph (C) (as so 
                        redesignated), by striking ``The'' and 
                        inserting ``Except as provided in subparagraph 
                        (D)(iii), the''; and
                            (iv) in subparagraph (D) (as so 
                        redesignated), by adding at the end the 
                        following:
                            ``(iii) Tribal agencies.--The Secretary may 
                        allow a tribal agency to use funds provided to 
                        the Indian Tribe of the tribal agency through a 
                        Federal agency (including the Indian Health 
                        Service) or other Federal benefit to satisfy 
                        all or part of the non-Federal share described 
                        in clause (i), if such use is otherwise 
                        consistent with the purpose of such funds.'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding clause 
                                (i), by striking ``For purposes of'' 
                                and all that follows through ``that'' 
                                and inserting ``To receive a grant 
                                under this subsection, an eligible 
                                entity shall'';
                                    (II) in clause (i), by striking 
                                ``meets'' and inserting ``meet''; and
                                    (III) in clause (ii)--
                                            (aa) in the matter 
                                        preceding subclause (I), by 
                                        striking ``proposes'' and 
                                        inserting ``propose'';
                                            (bb) by striking subclauses 
                                        (II) and (III) and inserting 
                                        the following:
                                    ``(II) would increase the purchase 
                                of fruits and vegetables by low-income 
                                consumers participating in the 
                                supplemental nutrition assistance 
                                program by providing an incentive for 
                                the purchase of fruits and vegetables 
                                at the point of purchase to a household 
                                purchasing food with supplemental 
                                nutrition assistance program benefits;
                                    ``(III) except in the case of 
                                projects receiving $100,000 or less 
                                over 1 year, would measure the purchase 
                                of fruits and vegetables by low-income 
                                consumers participating in the 
                                supplemental nutrition assistance 
                                program;'';
                                            (cc) in subclause (IV), by 
                                        striking ``and'' at the end; 
                                        and
                                            (dd) by striking subclause 
                                        (V) and inserting the 
                                        following:
                                    ``(V) has adequate plans to collect 
                                data for reporting and agrees to 
                                provide that information for the report 
                                described in paragraph (5); and
                                    ``(VI) would share information with 
                                the Training and Technical Assistance 
                                Centers and the Information and 
                                Evaluation Centers (as those terms are 
                                defined in paragraph (4)) for the 
                                purposes described in that 
                                paragraph.''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) by striking clause (v);
                                    (II) by redesignating clause (vi) 
                                as clause (x); and
                                    (III) by inserting after clause 
                                (iv) the following:
                            ``(v) include a program design--
                                    ``(I) that provides incentives when 
                                fruits or vegetables are purchased 
                                using supplemental nutrition assistance 
                                program benefits; and
                                    ``(II) in which the incentives 
                                earned may be used only to purchase 
                                fruits or vegetables;
                            ``(vi) have demonstrated the ability to 
                        provide services to underserved communities;
                            ``(vii) include coordination with multiple 
                        stakeholders, such as farm organizations, 
                        nutrition education programs, cooperative 
                        extension services, public health departments, 
                        health providers, private and public health 
                        insurance agencies, cooperative grocers, 
                        grocery associations, and community-based and 
                        nongovernmental organizations;
                            ``(viii) offer supplemental services in 
                        high-need communities, including online 
                        ordering, transportation between home and 
                        store, and delivery services;
                            ``(ix) include food retailers that are 
                        open--
                                    ``(I) for extended hours; and
                                    ``(II) most or all days of the 
                                year; or''; and
                    (C) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(4) Training and technical assistance centers; 
        information and evaluation centers.--
                    ``(A) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
                            ``(i) Information and evaluation center.--
                        The term `Information and Evaluation Center' 
                        means any of the information and evaluation 
                        centers established under subparagraph 
                        (B)(i)(II).
                            ``(ii) Training and technical assistance 
                        center.--The term `Training and Technical 
                        Assistance Center' means any of the training 
                        and technical assistance centers established 
                        under subparagraph (B)(i)(I).
                    ``(B) Establishment.--
                            ``(i) In general.--To provide services to 
                        eligible entities applying for or receiving a 
                        grant under this subsection or to partners or 
                        collaborators applying for or receiving a 
                        subgrant under paragraph (1)(B), the Secretary 
                        shall establish, in accordance with clause 
                        (ii)--
                                    ``(I) 1 or more training and 
                                technical centers, each of which shall 
                                be known as a `Food Insecurity 
                                Nutrition Incentive Program Training 
                                and Technical Assistance Center'; and
                                    ``(II) 1 or more information and 
                                evaluation centers, each of which shall 
                                be known as a `Food Insecurity 
                                Nutrition Incentive Program Information 
                                and Evaluation Center'.
                            ``(ii) Criteria.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--The Secretary 
                                shall establish the Training and 
                                Technical Assistance Centers and the 
                                Information and Evaluation Centers 
                                under clause (i) by designating as a 
                                Training and Technical Assistance 
                                Center or an Information or Evaluation 
                                Center, as applicable, 1 or more 
                                entities that meet the criteria 
                                described in subclause (II) or (III), 
                                as applicable.
                                    ``(II) Training and technical 
                                assistance centers.--To be eligible to 
                                be designated as a Training and 
                                Technical Assistance Center--
                                            ``(aa) an entity shall--

                                                    ``(AA) have the 
                                                capacity to effectively 
                                                implement and track 
                                                outreach, training, and 
                                                coordination functions;

                                                    ``(BB) be able to 
                                                produce instructional 
                                                materials that can 
                                                easily be replicated 
                                                and distributed through 
                                                multiple formats;

                                                    ``(CC) have working 
                                                relationships with 
                                                nonprofit and private 
                                                organizations, State 
                                                and local governments, 
                                                and tribal 
                                                organizations (as 
                                                defined in section 4 of 
                                                the Indian Self-
                                                Determination and 
                                                Education Assistance 
                                                Act (25 U.S.C. 5304));

                                                    ``(DD) have the 
                                                ability to work in 
                                                underserved or rural 
                                                communities; and

                                                    ``(EE) have an 
                                                organizational mission 
                                                aligned with the needs 
                                                of eligible entities 
                                                receiving grants under 
                                                this subsection; or

                                            ``(bb) for purposes of 
                                        carrying out subclauses (VII) 
                                        and (VIII) of subparagraph 
                                        (C)(i), an entity shall--

                                                    ``(AA) have 
                                                experience developing 
                                                or supporting the 
                                                development of point of 
                                                sale technology; and

                                                    ``(BB) meet any 
                                                other criteria, as 
                                                determined by the 
                                                Secretary, to 
                                                effectively carry out 
                                                subclauses (VII) and 
                                                (VIII) of subparagraph 
                                                (C)(i).

                                    ``(III) Information and evaluation 
                                centers.--To be eligible to be 
                                designated as an Information and 
                                Evaluation Center, an entity shall--
                                            ``(aa) have experience 
                                        designing, creating, and 
                                        maintaining an online, publicly 
                                        searchable reporting and 
                                        informational clearinghouse; 
                                        and
                                            ``(bb) be able to conduct 
                                        systematic analysis of the 
                                        impacts and outcomes of 
                                        projects using a grant under 
                                        this subsection.
                    ``(C) Services.--
                            ``(i) Training and technical assistance 
                        centers.--The Training and Technical Assistance 
                        Centers shall provide services that include--
                                    ``(I) assisting eligible entities 
                                applying for a grant or partners or 
                                collaborators applying for a subgrant 
                                under this subsection in--
                                            ``(aa) assessing the food 
                                        system in the geographical area 
                                        of the eligible entity; and
                                            ``(bb) designing a proposed 
                                        project;
                                    ``(II) collecting and providing to 
                                eligible entities applying for or 
                                receiving a grant or to partners or 
                                collaborators applying for or receiving 
                                a subgrant under this subsection 
                                information on best practices from 
                                existing projects, including best 
                                practices regarding communications, 
                                signage, record-keeping, incentive 
                                instruments, integration with point of 
                                sale systems, and reporting;
                                    ``(III) disseminating information 
                                and facilitating communication among 
                                eligible entities receiving a grant or 
                                partners or collaborators receiving a 
                                subgrant under this subsection;
                                    ``(IV)(aa) identifying common 
                                challenges faced by eligible entities 
                                receiving a grant or partners or 
                                collaborators receiving a subgrant 
                                under this subsection; and
                                    ``(bb) coordinating the work 
                                towards solutions to those challenges;
                                    ``(V) communicating with farms, 
                                direct to consumer markets, and grocery 
                                organizations to share information and 
                                partner on projects using a grant or 
                                subgrant under this subsection;
                                    ``(VI) assisting with collaboration 
                                among eligible entities receiving a 
                                grant or partners or collaborators 
                                receiving a subgrant under this 
                                subsection, State agencies, and the 
                                Food and Nutrition Service;
                                    ``(VII) identifying and providing 
                                to eligible entities applying for or 
                                receiving a grant or partners or 
                                collaborators applying for or receiving 
                                a subgrant under this subsection 
                                information on point of sale technology 
                                that could reduce cost and increase 
                                efficiency of supplemental nutrition 
                                assistance program and incentive 
                                transaction processing at participating 
                                authorized retailers;
                                    ``(VIII) supporting the development 
                                of the technology described in clause 
                                (VII); and
                                    ``(IX) other services identified by 
                                the Secretary.
                            ``(ii) Information and evaluation 
                        centers.--The Information and Evaluation 
                        Centers shall provide services that include--
                                    ``(I) using standard metrics based 
                                on outcome measures used for existing 
                                projects, and in collaboration with the 
                                Director of the National Institute of 
                                Food and Agriculture and the 
                                Administrator of the Food and Nutrition 
                                Service, creating a system to collect 
                                and compile core data sets from 
                                eligible entities receiving a grant and 
                                partners or collaborators receiving a 
                                subgrant, as appropriate, under this 
                                subsection;
                                    ``(II) beginning with fiscal year 
                                2020, preparing an annual report with 
                                summary data and an evaluation of each 
                                project receiving a grant under this 
                                subsection during the fiscal year 
                                preceding the report, that includes the 
                                amount of grant funds used for the 
                                project and the measurement of the 
                                outcomes of the project, for submission 
                                to the Secretary; and
                                    ``(III) other services identified 
                                by the Secretary.
                    ``(D) Grants and cooperative agreements.--In 
                carrying out this paragraph, the Secretary, on a 
                competitive basis, shall make grants to, or enter into 
                cooperative agreements with--
                            ``(i) State cooperative extension services;
                            ``(ii) nongovernmental organizations;
                            ``(iii) Federal, State, or tribal agencies;
                            ``(iv) 2-year and 4-year degree-granting 
                        institutions of higher education (as defined in 
                        section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 
                        1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a))) and land-grant 
                        colleges and universities (as defined in 
                        section 1404 of the National Agricultural 
                        Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
                        1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103)); and
                            ``(v) other appropriate partners, as 
                        determined by the Secretary.
            ``(5) Annual evaluation and report.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Annually beginning with fiscal 
                year 2020, the Secretary shall conduct, and submit to 
                Congress an evaluation of each project receiving a 
                grant under this subsection, including--
                            ``(i) the results of the project;
                            ``(ii) the amount of grant funds used for 
                        the project; and
                            ``(iii) a measurement of the outcomes of 
                        the project.
                    ``(B) Requirement.--The evaluation conducted under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be based on uniform data 
                provided by eligible entities receiving a grant under 
                this subsection.
                    ``(C) Public availability.--The Secretary shall 
                make the evaluation conducted under subparagraph (A), 
                including the data provided by eligible entities under 
                subparagraph (B), publicly available online in an 
                anonymized format that protects confidential, personal, 
                or other sensitive data.
                    ``(D) Reporting mechanism.--The Secretary shall, to 
                the maximum extent practicable, include eligible 
                entities receiving a grant under this subsection, 
                grocers, farmers, health professionals, researchers, 
                and employees of the Department of Agriculture with 
                direct experience with implementation of the 
                supplemental nutrition assistance program in the design 
                of--
                            ``(i) the instrument through which data 
                        will be collected from eligible entities under 
                        subparagraph (B); and
                            ``(ii) the mechanism for reporting by 
                        eligible entities.''; and
            (4) in subsection (c), by striking paragraph (2) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(2) Mandatory funding.--Of the funds of the Commodity 
        Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry out 
        subsection (b) $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2019 and each fiscal 
        year thereafter.
            ``(3) Costs.--Of the funds made available under paragraph 
        (2) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall allocate not more 
        than 15 percent--
                    ``(A) to carry out paragraphs (4) and (5) of 
                subsection (b); and
                    ``(B) to pay for the administrative costs of 
                carrying out this section.''.

SEC. 4304. HARVESTING HEALTH PILOT PROJECTS.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Eligible entity.--The term ``eligible entity'' means--
                    (A) a nonprofit organization; or
                    (B) a State or unit of local government.
            (2) Healthcare partner.--The term ``healthcare partner'' 
        means a healthcare provider, including--
                    (A) a hospital;
                    (B) a Federally-qualified health center (as defined 
                in section 1905(l) of the Social Security Act (42 
                U.S.C. 1396d(l)));
                    (C) a hospital or clinic operated by the Secretary 
                of Veterans Affairs; or
                    (D) a health care provider group.
            (3) Member.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``member'' means, as 
                determined by the applicable eligible entity or 
                healthcare partner carrying out a pilot project in 
                accordance with procedures established by the 
                Secretary--
                            (i) an individual eligible for--
                                    (I) benefits under the Food and 
                                Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et 
                                seq.); or
                                    (II) medical assistance under a 
                                State plan or a waiver of such a plan 
                                under title XIX of the Social Security 
                                Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.) and 
                                enrolled under such plan or waiver; and
                            (ii) a member of a low-income household 
                        that suffers from, or is at risk of developing, 
                        a diet-related health condition.
                    (B) Scope of eligibility determinations.--A 
                determination by an eligible entity or healthcare 
                partner that an individual is a member for purposes of 
                subparagraph (A) shall not--
                            (i) constitute a determination that the 
                        individual is eligible for benefits or 
                        assistance under title XIX of the Social 
                        Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.) or the 
                        Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 
                        et seq.), as applicable; or
                            (ii) be a factor in determining whether the 
                        individual is eligible for such benefits or 
                        assistance.
            (4) Pilot project.--The term ``pilot project'' means a 
        pilot project that is awarded a grant under subsection (b)(1).
            (5) Produce prescription program.--The term ``produce 
        prescription program'' means a program that--
                    (A) prescribes fresh fruits and vegetables to 
                members;
                    (B) may provide--
                            (i) financial or non-financial incentives 
                        for members to purchase or procure fresh fruits 
                        and vegetables; and
                            (ii) educational resources on nutrition to 
                        members; and
                    (C) may establish additional accessible locations 
                for members to procure fresh fruits and vegetables.
    (b) Grant Program.--
            (1) Establishment.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
                grant program under which the Secretary shall award 
                grants to eligible entities to conduct pilot projects 
                that demonstrate and evaluate the impact of a produce 
                prescription program on--
                            (i) the improvement of dietary health 
                        through increased consumption of fruits and 
                        vegetables;
                            (ii) the reduction of individual and 
                        household food insecurity; and
                            (iii) the reduction in health care use and 
                        associated costs.
                    (B) Healthcare partners.--In carrying out a pilot 
                project using a grant received under subparagraph (A), 
                an eligible entity shall partner with 1 or more 
                healthcare partners.
                    (C) Grant applications.--
                            (i) In general.--To be eligible to receive 
                        a grant under subparagraph (A), an eligible 
                        entity shall submit to the Secretary an 
                        application containing such information as the 
                        Secretary may require, including the 
                        information described in clause (ii).
                            (ii) Application.--An application under 
                        clause (i) shall--
                                    (I) identify the 1 or more 
                                healthcare partners with which the 
                                eligible entity is partnering under 
                                subparagraph (B); and
                                    (II) include--
                                            (aa) a description of the 
                                        methods by which an eligible 
                                        entity shall--

                                                    (AA) screen and 
                                                verify eligibility for 
                                                members for 
                                                participation in a 
                                                produce prescription 
                                                program, in accordance 
                                                with procedures 
                                                established under 
                                                subsection (a)(3)(A);

                                                    (BB) implement an 
                                                effective produce 
                                                prescription program, 
                                                including the role of 
                                                each healthcare partner 
                                                in implementing the 
                                                produce prescription 
                                                program;

                                                    (CC) evaluate 
                                                members participating 
                                                in a produce 
                                                prescription program 
                                                with respect to the 
                                                issues described in 
                                                clauses (i) through 
                                                (iii) of subparagraph 
                                                (A);

                                                    (DD) provide 
                                                educational 
                                                opportunities relating 
                                                to nutrition to members 
                                                participating in a 
                                                produce prescription 
                                                program; and

                                                    (EE) inform members 
                                                of the availability of 
                                                the produce 
                                                prescription pilot 
                                                project;

                                            (bb) a description of any 
                                        additional nonprofit or 
                                        emergency feeding organizations 
                                        that shall be involved in the 
                                        pilot project and the role of 
                                        each additional nonprofit or 
                                        emergency feeding organization 
                                        in implementing and evaluating 
                                        an effective produce 
                                        prescription program;
                                            (cc) documentation of a 
                                        partnership agreement with a 
                                        relevant State Medicaid agency 
                                        or other appropriate entity, as 
                                        determined by the Secretary, to 
                                        evaluate the effectiveness of a 
                                        produce prescription program in 
                                        reducing health care use and 
                                        associated costs; and
                                            (dd) any other data 
                                        necessary to analyze the impact 
                                        of a produce prescription 
                                        program, as determined by the 
                                        Secretary.
            (2) Coordination.--In carrying out the grant program 
        established under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall coordinate 
        with the Secretary of Health and Human Services and the heads 
        of other appropriate Federal agencies that carry out activities 
        relating to healthcare partners.
            (3) Partnerships.--
                    (A) In general.--In carrying out the grant program 
                under paragraph (1), the Secretary may enter into 1 or 
                more memoranda of understanding with a Federal agency, 
                a State, or a private partner to ensure the effective 
                implementation and evaluation of each pilot project.
                    (B) Memorandum of understanding.--A memorandum of 
                understanding entered into under subparagraph (A) shall 
                include--
                            (i) a description of a plan to provide 
                        educational opportunities relating to nutrition 
                        to members participating in the produce 
                        prescription program;
                            (ii) a description of the role of the 
                        Federal agency, State, or private partner, as 
                        applicable, in implementing and evaluating an 
                        effective produce prescription program;
                            (iii) documentation of a partnership 
                        agreement with a relevant State Medicaid agency 
                        or other appropriate entity, as determined by 
                        the Secretary, to evaluate the effectiveness of 
                        the produce prescription program in reducing 
                        health care use and associated costs; and
                            (iv) any other data necessary to analyze 
                        the impact of the produce prescription program, 
                        as determined by the Secretary.
    (c) Funding.--
            (1) In general.--Of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
        Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry out this section 
        $4,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, to 
        remain available until expended.
            (2) Costs.--The Secretary may use not greater than 10 
        percent of the amounts provided under paragraph (1) to pay for 
        the costs of administering, monitoring, and evaluating each 
        pilot project.

                            TITLE V--CREDIT

                    Subtitle A--Farm Ownership Loans

SEC. 5101. MODIFICATION OF THE 3-YEAR EXPERIENCE REQUIREMENT FOR 
              PURPOSES OF ELIGIBILITY FOR FARM OWNERSHIP LOANS.

    (a) In General.--Section 302(b) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1922(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
        (A)--
                    (A) by striking ``(3)'' and inserting ``(5)''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``(not exceeding 2 years)'' after 
                ``period of time'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs 
        (4) and (5), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
            ``(2) Other acceptable experience.--In determining whether 
        a farmer or rancher has other acceptable experience under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary may count any of--
                    ``(A) not less than 16 hours of post-secondary 
                education in a field related to agriculture;
                    ``(B) successful completion of a farm management 
                curriculum offered by a cooperative extension service, 
                a community college, an adult vocational agriculture 
                program, a non-profit organization, or a land-grant 
                college or university;
                    ``(C) an honorable discharge from the armed forces 
                of the United States;
                    ``(D) successful repayment of a youth loan made 
                under section 311(b);
                    ``(E) at least 1 year as hired farm labor with 
                substantial management responsibilities;
                    ``(F) successful completion of a farm mentorship, 
                apprenticeship, or internship program with an emphasis 
                on management requirements and day-to-day farm 
                management decisions; and
                    ``(G) an established relationship with an 
                individual participating as a counselor who has 
                experience in farming or ranching or is a retired 
                farmer or rancher in a Service Corps of Retired 
                Executives program authorized under section 8(b)(1)(B) 
                of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(b)(1)(B)), or 
                with a local farm or ranch operator or organization, 
                approved by the Secretary, that is committed to 
                mentoring the farmer or rancher.
            ``(3) Deeming rule.--For purposes of paragraph (1), a 
        farmer or rancher is deemed to have participated in the 
        business operations of a farm or ranch for not less than 3 
        years or have other acceptable experience for a period of time, 
        as determined by the Secretary, if the farmer or rancher meets 
        the requirements of subparagraphs (E) and (G) of paragraph 
        (2).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 310D(a)(2) of the Consolidated 
Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1934(a)(2)) is amended by 
striking ``paragraphs (2) through (4) of section 302'' and inserting 
``subparagraphs (A) through (D) of section 302(a)(1)''.

SEC. 5102. CONSERVATION LOAN AND LOAN GUARANTEE PROGRAM.

    Section 304(h) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1924(h)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 5103. LIMITATIONS ON AMOUNT OF FARM OWNERSHIP LOANS.

    Section 305 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1925) is amended in subsection (a), by striking ``smaller of'' 
and all that follows through the period at the end and inserting the 
following: ``lesser of--
            ``(1) the value of the farm or other security; and
            ``(2) in the case of--
                    ``(A) a loan other than a loan guaranteed by the 
                Secretary, $600,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 
                through 2023; or
                    ``(B) a loan guaranteed by the Secretary, subject 
                to subsection (c), $1,750,000 for each of fiscal years 
                2019 through 2023.''.

                      Subtitle B--Operating Loans

SEC. 5201. LIMITATIONS ON AMOUNT OF OPERATING LOANS.

    Section 313 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1943) is amended in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``to exceed'' 
and all that follows through ``Secretary);'' and inserting the 
following: ``to exceed, in the case of--
                    ``(A) a loan other than a loan guaranteed by the 
                Secretary, $400,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 
                through 2023; or
                    ``(B) a loan guaranteed by the Secretary, subject 
                to subsection (c), $1,750,000 for each of fiscal years 
                2019 through 2023;''.

SEC. 5202. COOPERATIVE LENDING PILOT PROJECTS.

    Section 313(c)(4)(A) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1943(c)(4)(A)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
inserting ``2023''.

                 Subtitle C--Administrative Provisions

SEC. 5301. BEGINNING FARMER AND RANCHER INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT ACCOUNTS 
              PILOT PROGRAM.

    Section 333B(h) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1983b(h)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 5302. LOAN AUTHORIZATION LEVELS.

    Section 346(b)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1994(b)(1)) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
        ``$4,226,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2018'' 
        and inserting ``$12,000,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 
        through 2023''; and
            (2) by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B) and inserting the 
        following:
                    ``(A) $4,000,000,000 shall be for direct loans, of 
                which--
                            ``(i) $2,000,000,000 shall be for farm 
                        ownership loans under subtitle A; and
                            ``(ii) $2,000,000,000 shall be for 
                        operating loans under subtitle B; and
                    ``(B) $8,000,000,000 shall be for guaranteed loans, 
                of which--
                            ``(i) $4,000,000,000 shall be for farm 
                        ownership loans under subtitle A; and
                            ``(ii) $4,000,000,000 shall be for 
                        operating loans under subtitle B.''.

SEC. 5303. LOAN FUND SET-ASIDES.

    Section 346(b)(2)(A)(ii)(III) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1994(b)(2)(A)(ii)(III)) is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 5304. EQUITABLE RELIEF.

    The Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act is amended by 
inserting after section 365 (7 U.S.C. 2008) the following:

``SEC. 366. EQUITABLE RELIEF.

    ``(a) In General.--Subject to subsection (b), the Secretary may 
provide a form of relief described in subsection (c) to any farmer or 
rancher who--
            ``(1) received a direct farm ownership, operating, or 
        emergency loan under this title; and
            ``(2) the Secretary determines is not in compliance with 
        the requirements of this title with respect to the loan.
    ``(b) Limitation.--The Secretary may only provide relief to a farm 
or rancher under subsection (a) if the Secretary determines that the 
farmer or rancher--
            ``(1) acted in good faith; and
            ``(2) relied on an action of, or the advice of, the 
        Secretary (including any authorized representative of the 
        Secretary) to the detriment of the farming or ranching 
        operation of the farmer or rancher.
    ``(c) Forms of Relief.--The Secretary may provide to a farmer or 
rancher under subsection (a) any of the following forms of relief:
            ``(1) The farmer or rancher may retain loans or other 
        benefits received in association with the loan with respect to 
        which the farmer or rancher was determined to be noncompliant 
        under subsection (a)(2).
            ``(2) The farmer or rancher may receive such other 
        equitable relief as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.
    ``(d) Condition.--As a condition of receiving relief under this 
section, the Secretary may require the farmer or rancher to take 
actions designed to remedy the noncompliance.
    ``(e) Administrative Appeal; Judicial Review.--A determination or 
action of the Secretary under this section--
            ``(1) shall be final; and
            ``(2) shall not be subject to administrative appeal or 
        judicial review under chapter 7 of title 5, United States 
        Code.''.

SEC. 5305. SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED FARMERS AND RANCHERS; QUALIFIED 
              BEGINNING FARMERS AND RANCHERS.

    The Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act is amended by 
inserting after section 366 (as added by section 5304) the following:

``SEC. 367. SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED FARMERS AND RANCHERS; QUALIFIED 
              BEGINNING FARMERS AND RANCHERS.

    ``In the case of a loan guaranteed by the Secretary under subtitle 
A or B to a socially disadvantaged farmer or rancher (as defined in 
section 355(e)) or a qualified beginning farmer or rancher, the 
Secretary shall--
            ``(1) waive the guarantee fee of 1.5 percent; and
            ``(2) provide for a standard guarantee plan, which shall 
        cover an amount equal to 95 percent of the outstanding 
        principal of the loan.''.

SEC. 5306. EMERGENCY LOAN ELIGIBILITY.

    Section 373(b)(2)(B) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 2008h(b)(2)(B)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) as subclauses (I) 
        and (II), respectively, and indenting appropriately;
            (2) in the matter preceding subclause (I) (as so 
        redesignated), by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting the 
        following:
                            ``(i) In general.--The Secretary''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(ii) Restructured loans.--For purposes of 
                        clause (i), a borrower who was restructured 
                        with a write-down or restructuring under 
                        section 353 shall not be considered to have 
                        received debt forgiveness on a loan made or 
                        guaranteed under this title.''.

                       Subtitle D--Miscellaneous

SEC. 5401. STATE AGRICULTURAL MEDIATION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Issues Covered by State Mediation Programs.--Section 501(c) of 
the Agricultural Credit Act of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 5101(c)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding clause (i), by 
                        striking ``under the jurisdiction of the 
                        Department of Agriculture'';
                            (ii) in clause (ii), by inserting ``and the 
                        national organic program established under the 
                        Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 
                        6501 et seq.)'' before the period at the end; 
                        and
                            (iii) by striking clause (vii) and 
                        inserting the following:
                            ``(vii) Lease issues, including land leases 
                        and equipment leases.
                            ``(viii) Family farm transition.
                            ``(ix) Farmer-neighbor disputes.
                            ``(x) Such other issues as the Secretary or 
                        the head of the department of agriculture of 
                        each participating State considers appropriate 
                        for better serving the agricultural community 
                        and persons eligible for mediation.''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) Mediation services.--Funding provided for the 
                mediation program of a qualifying State may also be 
                used to provide credit counseling to persons described 
                in paragraph (2)--
                            ``(i) prior to the initiation of any 
                        mediation involving the Department of 
                        Agriculture; or
                            ``(ii) unrelated to any ongoing dispute or 
                        mediation in which the Department of 
                        Agriculture is a party.'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)(A)--
                    (A) in clause (ii), by striking ``and'' after the 
                semicolon;
                    (B) in clause (iii), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(iv) any other persons involved in an 
                        issue described in any of clauses (i) through 
                        (x) of paragraph (1)(B).''; and
            (3) in paragraph (3)(F), by striking ``that persons'' and 
        inserting the following: ``that--
                            ``(i) the Department of Agriculture 
                        receives adequate notification of those issues; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) persons''.
    (b) Report Required.--Section 505 of the Agricultural Credit Act of 
1987 (7 U.S.C. 5105) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 505. REPORT.

    ``Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of the 
Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the Secretary shall submit to 
Congress a report describing--
            ``(1) the effectiveness of the State mediation programs 
        receiving matching grants under this subtitle;
            ``(2) recommendations for improving the delivery of 
        mediation services to producers;
            ``(3) the steps being taken to ensure that State mediation 
        programs receive timely funding under this subtitle; and
            ``(4) the savings to the States as a result of having a 
        mediation program.''.
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 506 of the 
Agricultural Credit Act of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 5106) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 5402. SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED FARMERS AND RANCHERS.

    (a) In General.--Section 4.19 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
U.S.C. 2207) is amended--
            (1) by striking the section designation and heading and 
        inserting the following:

``SEC. 4.19. YOUNG, BEGINNING, SMALL, AND SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED 
              FARMERS AND RANCHERS.''; AND

            (2) in subsection (a), in the first sentence, by striking 
        ``ranchers.'' and inserting ``ranchers and socially 
        disadvantaged farmers or ranchers (as defined in section 
        2501(e) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
        of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279(e))).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 5.17(a)(3) of the Farm Credit 
Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2252(a)(3)) is amended, in the second sentence, 
by striking ``ranchers.'' and inserting ``ranchers and socially 
disadvantaged farmers or ranchers (as defined in section 2501(e) of the 
Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 
2279(e))).''.

SEC. 5403. SHARING OF PRIVILEGED AND CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION.

    Section 5.19 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2254) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Sharing of Privileged and Confidential Information.--A System 
institution shall not be considered to have waived the confidentiality 
of a privileged communication with an attorney or an accountant if the 
System institution provides the content of the communication to the 
Farm Credit Administration pursuant to the supervisory or regulatory 
authorities of the Farm Credit Administration.''.

SEC. 5404. REMOVAL AND PROHIBITION AUTHORITY; INDUSTRY-WIDE 
              PROHIBITION.

    Part C of title V of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 is amended by 
inserting after section 5.29 (12 U.S.C. 2265) the following:

``SEC. 5.29A. REMOVAL AND PROHIBITION AUTHORITY; INDUSTRY-WIDE 
              PROHIBITION.

    ``(a) Definition of Person.--In this section, the term `person' 
means--
            ``(1) an individual; and
            ``(2) in the case of a specific determination by the Farm 
        Credit Administration, a legal entity.
    ``(b) Industry-wide Prohibition.--Except as provided in subsection 
(c), any person who, pursuant to an order issued under section 5.28 or 
5.29, has been removed or suspended from office at a System institution 
or prohibited from participating in the conduct of the affairs of a 
System institution shall not, during the period of effectiveness of the 
order, continue or commence to hold any office in, or participate in 
any manner in the conduct of the affairs of--
            ``(1) any insured depository institution subject to section 
        8(e)(7)(A)(i) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 
        1818(e)(7)(A)(i));
            ``(2) any institution subject to section 8(e)(7)(A)(ii) of 
        the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 
        1818(e)(7)(A)(ii));
            ``(3) any insured credit union under the Federal Credit 
        Union Act (12 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.);
            ``(4) any Federal home loan bank;
            ``(5) any institution chartered under this Act;
            ``(6) any appropriate Federal financial institutions 
        regulatory agency (as defined in section 8(e)(7)(D) of the 
        Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1818(e)(7)(D)));
            ``(7) the Federal Housing Finance Agency; or
            ``(8) the Farm Credit Administration.
    ``(c) Exception for Institution-affiliated Party That Receives 
Written Consent.--
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Affiliated parties.--If, on or after the date 
                on which an order described in subsection (b) is issued 
                that removes or suspends an institution-affiliated 
                party from office at a System institution or prohibits 
                an institution-affiliated party from participating in 
                the conduct of the affairs of a System institution, 
                that party receives written consent described in 
                subparagraph (B), subsection (b) shall not apply to 
                that party--
                            ``(i) to the extent provided in the written 
                        consent received; and
                            ``(ii) with respect to the institution 
                        described in each written consent.
                    ``(B) Written consent described.--The written 
                consent referred to in subparagraph (A) is written 
                consent received from--
                            ``(i) the Farm Credit Administration; and
                            ``(ii) each appropriate Federal financial 
                        institutions regulatory agency (as defined in 
                        section 8(e)(7)(D) of the Federal Deposit 
                        Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1818(e)(7)(D))) of the 
                        applicable institution described in any of 
                        paragraphs (1), (2), (3), or (4) of subsection 
                        (b) with respect to which the party proposes to 
                        be become an affiliated party.
            ``(2) Disclosure.--Any agency described in clause (i) or 
        (ii) of paragraph (1)(B) that provides a written consent under 
        that paragraph shall--
                    ``(A) report the action to the Farm Credit 
                Administration; and
                    ``(B) publicly disclose the action.
            ``(3) Consultation between agencies.--The agencies 
        described in clauses (i) and (ii) of paragraph (1)(B) shall 
        consult with each other before providing any written consent 
        under that paragraph.
    ``(d) Violations.--A violation of subsection (b) by any person who 
is subject to an order described in that subsection shall be treated as 
violation of that order.''.

SEC. 5405. JURISDICTION OVER INSTITUTION-AFFILIATED PARTIES.

    Part C of title V of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 is amended by 
inserting after section 5.31 (12 U.S.C. 2267) the following:

``SEC. 5.31A. JURISDICTION OVER INSTITUTION-AFFILIATED PARTIES.

    ``(a) In General.--For purposes of sections 5.25, 5.26, and 5.32, 
the jurisdiction of the Farm Credit Administration over parties, and 
the authority of the Farm Credit Administration to initiate actions, 
shall include enforcement authority over institution-affiliated 
parties.
    ``(b) Effect of Separation on Jurisdiction and Authority.--Subject 
to subsection (c), the resignation, termination of employment or 
participation, or separation of an institution-affiliated party 
(including a separation caused by the merger, consolidation, 
conservatorship, or receivership of a Farm Credit System institution) 
shall not affect the jurisdiction and authority of the Farm Credit 
Administration to issue any notice or order and proceed under this part 
against that party.
    ``(c) Limitation.--To proceed against a party under subsection (b), 
the notice or order described in that subsection shall be served not 
later than 6 years after the date on which the party ceased to be an 
institution-affiliated party with respect to the applicable Farm Credit 
System institution.
    ``(d) Applicability.--The date on which a party ceases to be an 
institution-affiliated party described in subsection (c) may occur 
before, on, or after the date of enactment of this section.''.

SEC. 5406. DEFINITION OF INSTITUTION-AFFILIATED PARTY.

    Section 5.35 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2271) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
            ``(4) the term `institution-affiliated party' means--
                    ``(A) a director, officer, employee, shareholder, 
                or agent of a System institution;
                    ``(B) an independent contractor (including an 
                attorney, appraiser, or accountant) who knowingly or 
                recklessly participates in--
                            ``(i) a violation of law (including 
                        regulations) that is associated with the 
                        operations and activities of 1 or more System 
                        institutions;
                            ``(ii) a breach of fiduciary duty; or
                            ``(iii) an unsafe practice that causes or 
                        is likely to cause more than a minimum 
                        financial loss to, or a significant adverse 
                        effect on, a System institution; and
                    ``(C) any other person, as determined by the Farm 
                Credit Administration (by regulation or on a case-by-
                case basis) who participates in the conduct of the 
                affairs of a System institution; and''.

SEC. 5407. REPEAL OF OBSOLETE PROVISIONS; TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

            (1) Section 1.1(c) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2001(c)) is amended in the first sentence by striking 
        ``including any costs of defeasance under section 4.8(b),''.
            (2) Section 1.2 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2002) is amended by striking subsection (a) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(a) Composition.--The Farm Credit System shall include the Farm 
Credit Banks, the bank for cooperatives, Agricultural Credit Banks, the 
Federal Land Bank Associations, the Federal Land Credit Associations, 
the Production Credit Associations, the agricultural credit 
associations, the Federal Farm Credit Banks Funding Corporation, the 
Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation, service corporations 
established pursuant to section 4.25, and such other institutions as 
may be made a part of the Farm Credit System, all of which shall be 
chartered by and subject to regulation by the Farm Credit 
Administration.''.
            (3) Section 2.4 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2075) is amended by striking subsection (d).
            (4) Section 3.0(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2121(a)) is amended--
                    (A) in the third sentence, by striking ``and a 
                Central Bank for Cooperatives''; and
                    (B) by striking the fifth sentence.
            (5) Section 3.2 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2123) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``not 
                        merged into the United Bank for Cooperatives or 
                        the National Bank for Cooperatives''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2)(A), in the matter 
                        preceding clause (i), by striking ``(other than 
                        the National Bank for Cooperatives)'';
                    (B) by striking subsection (b);
                    (C) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) by striking ``(a)(1) Each bank'' and 
                        inserting the following:
    ``(a) In General.--Each bank''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``(2)(A) If approved'' and 
                        inserting the following:
    ``(b) Nomination and Election.--
            ``(1) In general.--If approved'';
                    (D) in subsection (b)(1) (as so designated)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``(B) 
                        The total'' and inserting the following:
            ``(2) Number of votes.--The total''; and
                            (ii) by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) 
                        as subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and 
                        indenting appropriately; and
                    (E) in paragraph (2) (as so designated), by 
                striking ``paragraph'' and inserting ``subsection''.
            (6) Section 3.5 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2126) is amended in the third sentence by striking 
        ``district''.
            (7) Section 3.7(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2128(a)) is amended by striking the second sentence.
            (8) Section 3.8(b)(1)(A) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2129(b)(1)(A)) is amended by inserting ``(or any 
        successor agency)'' after ``Rural Electrification 
        Administration''.
            (9) Section 3.9(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2130(a)) is amended by striking the third sentence.
            (10) Section 3.10 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2131) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (c), by striking the second 
                sentence; and
                    (B) in subsection (d)--
                            (i) by striking ``district'' each place it 
                        appears; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``for cooperatives (or 
                        any successor bank)'' before ``on account''.
            (11) Section 3.11 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2132) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), in the first sentence, by 
                striking ``subsections (b) and (c) of this section'' 
                and inserting ``subsection (b)'';
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) in the first sentence, by striking 
                        ``district''; and
                            (ii) in the second sentence, by striking 
                        ``Except as provided in subsection (c) below, 
                        all'' and inserting ``All'';
                    (C) by striking subsection (c); and
                    (D) by redesignating subsections (d) through (f) as 
                subsections (c) through (e), respectively.
            (12) Part B of title III of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2141 et seq.) is amended in the part heading by striking 
        ``United and''.
            (13) Section 3.20 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2141) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``or the United 
                Bank for Cooperatives, as the case may be''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``the district 
                banks for cooperatives and the Central Bank for 
                Cooperatives'' and inserting ``the constituent banks 
                described in section 413(b) of the Agricultural Credit 
                Act of 1987 (12 U.S.C. 2121 note; Public Law 100-
                233)''.
            (14) Section 3.21 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2142) is repealed.
            (15) Section 3.28 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2149) is amended by striking ``a district bank for cooperatives 
        and the Central Bank for Cooperatives'' and inserting ``the 
        constituent banks described in section 413(b) of the 
        Agricultural Credit Act of 1987 (12 U.S.C. 2121 note; Public 
        Law 100-233)''.
            (16) Section 3.29 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2149a) is repealed.
            (17) Section 4.0 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2151) is repealed.
            (18) Section 4.8 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2159) is amended--
                    (A) by striking the section designation and heading 
                and all that follows through ``Each bank'' in 
                subsection (a) and inserting the following:

``SEC. 4.8. PURCHASE AND SALE OF OBLIGATIONS.

    ``Each bank''; and
                    (B) by striking subsection (b).
            (19) Section 4.9 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2160) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (d)--
                            (i) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting 
                        the following:
            ``(3) Representation of board.--The Farm Credit System 
        Insurance Corporation shall not have representation on the 
        board of directors of the Corporation.'';
                            (ii) in the undesignated matter following 
                        paragraph (1)(D), by striking ``In selecting'' 
                        and inserting the following:
            ``(2) Considerations.--In selecting''; and
                            (iii) in paragraph (2) (as so designated), 
                        by inserting ``of paragraph (1)'' after ``(A) 
                        and (B)'';
                    (B) by striking subsection (e); and
                    (C) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection 
                (e).
            (20) Section 4.9A(c) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2162(c)) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``institution, and--'' in the 
                matter preceding paragraph (1) and all that follows 
                through the period at the end of paragraph (2) and 
                inserting ``institution.'';
                    (B) by striking ``If an institution'' and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(1) In general.--If an institution'';
                    (C) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), by 
                striking ``the receiver of the institution'' and 
                inserting ``the Farm Credit System Insurance 
                Corporation, acting as receiver,''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Funding.--The Farm Credit System Insurance 
        Corporation shall use such funds from the Farm Credit Insurance 
        Fund as are sufficient to carry out this section.''.
            (21) Section 4.12A(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2184(a)) is amended by striking paragraph (1) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--A Farm Credit System bank or association 
        shall provide to a stockholder of the bank or association a 
        current list of stockholders of the bank or association not 
        later than 7 calendar days after the date on which the bank or 
        association receives a written request for the stockholder list 
        from the stockholder.''.
            (22) Section 4.14A of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2202a) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                        by inserting ``and section 4.36'' before the 
                        colon at the end; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (5)(B)(ii)(I), by 
                        striking ``4.14C,'';
                    (B) by striking subsection (h);
                    (C) by redesignating subsections (i) through (l) as 
                subsections (h) through (k), respectively; and
                    (D) in subsection (k) (as so redesignated), by 
                striking ``production credit''.
            (23) Section 4.14C of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2202c) is repealed.
            (24) Section 4.17 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2205) is amended in the third sentence by striking ``Federal 
        intermediate credit banks and''.
            (25) Section 4.19(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2207(a)) (as amended by section 5402(a)(2)) is amended--
                    (A) in the first sentence--
                            (i) by striking ``district''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``Federal land bank 
                        association and production credit''; and
                    (B) in the second sentence, by striking ``units'' 
                and inserting ``institutions''.
            (26) Section 4.38 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2219c) is amended by striking ``The Assistance Board 
        established under section 6.0 and all'' and inserting ``All''.
            (27) Section 4.39 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2219d) is amended by striking ``8.0(7))'' and inserting 
        ``8.0)''.
            (28) Section 5.16 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2251) is amended--
                    (A) by striking the section designation and heading 
                and all that follows through ``As an alternate'' in the 
                matter preceding paragraph (1) and inserting the 
                following:

``SEC. 5.16. OFFICES, QUARTERS, AND FACILITIES FOR THE FARM CREDIT 
              ADMINISTRATION.

    ``(a) Offices.--The Farm Credit Administration shall maintain--
            ``(1) the principal office of the Farm Credit 
        Administration within the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-
        VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the 
        Office of Management and Budget; and
            ``(2) such other offices in the United States as the Farm 
        Credit Administration determines are necessary.
    ``(b) Quarters and Facilities.--As an alternative''; and
                    (B) in the undesignated matter following paragraph 
                (5) of subsection (b) (as so designated)--
                            (i) in the fifth sentence, by striking ``In 
                        actions undertaken by the banks pursuant to the 
                        foregoing provisions of this section'' and 
                        inserting the following:
            ``(5) Agent for banks.--In actions undertaken by the banks 
        pursuant to this section'';
                            (ii) in the fourth sentence, by striking 
                        ``The plans'' and inserting the following:
            ``(4) Approval of board.--The plans'';
                            (iii) in the third sentence, by striking 
                        ``The powers'' and inserting the following:
            ``(3) Powers of banks.--The powers'';
                            (iv) in the second sentence, by striking 
                        ``Such advances'' and inserting the following:
            ``(2) Advances.--The advances of funds described in 
        paragraph (1)''; and
                            (v) in the first sentence, by striking 
                        ``The Board'' and inserting the following:
    ``(c) Financing.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Board''.
            (29) Section 5.17(a)(2) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2252(a)(2)) is amended by striking the second and third 
        sentences.
            (30) Section 5.18 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2253) is repealed.
            (31) Section 5.19 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2254) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in the first sentence, by striking 
                        ``Except for Federal land bank associations, 
                        each'' and inserting ``Each''; and
                            (ii) by striking the second sentence; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) by striking ``(b)(1) Each'' and 
                        inserting ``(b) Each'';
                            (ii) in the matter preceding paragraph (2) 
                        (as so designated)--
                                    (I) in the second sentence, by 
                                striking ``, except with respect to any 
                                actions taken by any banks of the 
                                System under section 4.8(b),''; and
                                    (II) by striking the third 
                                sentence; and
                            (iii) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3).
            (32) Section 5.31 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2267) is amended in the second sentence by striking 
        ``4.14A(i)'' and inserting ``4.14A(h)''.
            (33) Section 5.32(h) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2268(h)) is amended by striking ``4.14A(i)'' and 
        inserting ``4.14A(h)''.
            (34) Section 5.35 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2271) is amended in paragraph (5) (as redesignated by section 
        5406(2))--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by adding ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) by striking subparagraph (B);
                    (C) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as 
                subparagraph (B); and
                    (D) in subparagraph (B) (as so redesignated)--
                            (i) by striking ``after December 31, 
                        1992,''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``by the Farm Credit 
                        System Assistance Board under section 6.6 or''.
            (35) Section 5.38 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2274) is amended by striking ``a farm'' and all that follows 
        through ``land bank'' and inserting ``a Farm Credit Bank board, 
        officer, or employee shall not remove any director or officer 
        of any''.
            (36) Section 5.44 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2275) is repealed.
            (37) Section 5.58(2) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2277a-7(2)) is amended by striking the second sentence.
            (38) Section 5.60 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2277a-9) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (b), by striking the subsection 
                designation and heading and all that follows through 
                ``The Corporation'' in paragraph (2) and inserting the 
                following:
    ``(b) Amounts in Fund.--The Corporation''; and
                    (B) in subsection (c)(2), by striking ``Insurance 
                Fund to--'' in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) 
                and all that follows through ``ensure'' in subparagraph 
                (B) and inserting ``Insurance Fund to ensure''.
            (39) Title VI of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2278a et seq.) is repealed.
            (40) Section 7.9 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2279c-2) is amended by striking subsection (c).
            (41) Section 7.10(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2279d(a)) is amended by striking paragraph (4) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(4) the institution pays to the Farm Credit Insurance 
        Fund the amount by which the total capital of the institution 
        exceeds 6 percent of the assets;''.
            (42) Section 8.0 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2279aa) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``means--'' in 
                the matter preceding subparagraph (A) and all that 
                follows through the period at the end of the 
                undesignated matter following subparagraph (B) and 
                inserting ``means the board of directors established 
                under section 8.2.'';
                    (B) by striking paragraphs (6) and (8);
                    (C) by redesignating paragraphs (7), (9), and (10) 
                as paragraphs (6), (7), and (8), respectively; and
                    (D) in subparagraph (B)(i) of paragraph (7) (as so 
                redesignated), by striking ``(b) through (d)'' and 
                inserting ``(b) and (c)''.
            (43) Section 8.2 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2279aa-2) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (a);
                    (B) in subsection (b), by striking the subsection 
                designation and heading and all that follows through 
                the period at the end of paragraph (1) and inserting 
                the following:
    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--The Corporation shall be under the 
        management of the board of directors.'';
                    (C) in subsection (a) (as so designated)--
                            (i) by striking ``permanent board'' each 
                        place it appears and inserting ``Board'';
                            (ii) by striking paragraph (3);
                            (iii) by redesignating paragraphs (4) 
                        through (10) as paragraphs (3) through (9), 
                        respectively; and
                            (iv) in paragraph (3)(A) (as so 
                        redesignated), by striking ``(6)'' and 
                        inserting ``(5)''; and
                    (D) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection 
                (b).
            (44) Section 8.4(a)(1) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2279aa-4(a)(1)) is amended--
                    (A) in the sixth sentence--
                            (i) by striking ``Class B'' and inserting 
                        the following:
                            ``(iii) Class b stock.--Class B''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``8.2(b)(2)(B)'' and 
                        inserting ``8.2(a)(2)(B)'';
                    (B) in the fifth sentence--
                            (i) by striking ``Class A'' and inserting 
                        the following:
                            ``(ii) Class a stock.--Class A''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``8.2(b)(2)(A)'' and 
                        inserting ``8.2(a)(2)(A)'';
                    (C) in the fourth sentence, by striking ``The 
                stock'' and inserting the following:
                    ``(D) Classes of stock.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The stock'';
                    (D) by striking the third sentence and inserting 
                the following:
                    ``(C) Offers.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Board shall offer 
                        the voting common stock to banks, other 
                        financial institutions, insurance companies, 
                        and System institutions under such terms and 
                        conditions as the Board may adopt.
                            ``(ii) Requirements.--The voting common 
                        stock shall be fairly and broadly offered to 
                        ensure that--
                                    ``(I) no institution or 
                                institutions acquire a disproportionate 
                                share of the total quantity of the 
                                voting common stock outstanding of a 
                                class of stock; and
                                    ``(II) capital contributions and 
                                issuances of voting common stock for 
                                the contributions are fairly 
                                distributed between entities eligible 
                                to hold class A stock and class B 
                                stock.'';
                    (E) in the second sentence, by striking ``Each 
                share'' and inserting the following:
                    ``(B) Number of votes.--Each share''; and
                    (F) in the first sentence, by striking ``The 
                Corporation'' and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--The Corporation''.
            (45) Section 8.6 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2279aa-6) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (d);
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection 
                (d); and
                    (C) in paragraph (2) of subsection (d) (as so 
                redesignated), by striking ``8.0(9))'' and inserting 
                ``8.0)''.
            (46) Section 8.9 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2279aa-9) is amended by striking ``4.14C,'' each place it 
        appears.
            (47) Section 8.11(e) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2279aa-11(e)) is amended by striking ``8.0(7))'' and 
        inserting ``8.0)''.
            (48) Section 8.32(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
        U.S.C. 2279bb-1(a)) is amended--
                    (A) in the first sentence of the matter preceding 
                paragraph (1), by striking ``Not sooner than the 
                expiration of the 3-year period beginning on the date 
                of enactment of the Farm Credit System Reform Act of 
                1996, the'' and inserting ``The''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``8.0(9)(C)'' 
                and inserting ``8.0(7)(C)''.
            (49) Section 8.33(b)(2)(A) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
        (12 U.S.C. 2279bb-2(b)(2)(A)) is amended by striking ``8.6(e)'' 
        and inserting ``8.6(d)''.
            (50) Section 8.35 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2279bb-4) is amended by striking subsection (e).
            (51) Section 8.38 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
        2279bb-7) is repealed.
            (52) Section 4 of the Agricultural Marketing Act (12 U.S.C. 
        1141b) is repealed.
            (53) Section 5 of the Agricultural Marketing Act (12 U.S.C. 
        1141c) is repealed.
            (54) Section 6 of the Agricultural Marketing Act (12 U.S.C. 
        1141d) is repealed.
            (55) Section 7 of the Agricultural Marketing Act (12 U.S.C. 
        1141e) is repealed.
            (56) Section 8 of the Agricultural Marketing Act (12 U.S.C. 
        1141f) is repealed.
            (57) Section 14 of the Agricultural Marketing Act (12 
        U.S.C. 1141i) is repealed.
            (58) The Act of June 22, 1939 (53 Stat. 853, chapter 239; 
        12 U.S.C. 1141d-1), is repealed.
            (59) Section 201(e) of the Emergency Relief and 
        Construction Act of 1932 (12 U.S.C. 1148) is repealed.
            (60) Section 2 of the Act of July 14, 1953 (67 Stat. 150, 
        chapter 192; 12 U.S.C. 1148a-4), is repealed.
            (61) Section 32 of the Farm Credit Act of 1937 (12 U.S.C. 
        1148b) is repealed.
            (62) Section 33 of the Farm Credit Act of 1937 (12 U.S.C. 
        1148c) is repealed.
            (63) Section 34 of the Farm Credit Act of 1937 (12 U.S.C. 
        1148d) is repealed.
            (64) The Joint Resolution of March 3, 1932 (47 Stat. 60, 
        chapter 70; 12 U.S.C. 1401 et seq.), is repealed.

SEC. 5408. CORPORATION AS CONSERVATOR OR RECEIVER; CERTAIN OTHER 
              POWERS.

    Part E of title V of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 is amended by 
inserting after section 5.61B (12 U.S.C. 2277a-10b) the following:

``SEC. 5.61C. CORPORATION AS CONSERVATOR OR RECEIVER; CERTAIN OTHER 
              POWERS.

    ``(a) Definition of Institution.--In this section, the term 
`institution' includes any System institution for which the Corporation 
has been appointed as conservator or receiver.
    ``(b) Certain Powers and Duties of Corporation as Conservator or 
Receiver.--In addition to the powers inherent in the express grant of 
corporate authority under section 5.58(9), and other powers exercised 
by the Corporation under this part, the Corporation shall have the 
following express powers to act as a conservator or receiver:
            ``(1) Rulemaking authority of corporation.--The Corporation 
        may prescribe such regulations as the Corporation determines to 
        be appropriate regarding the conduct of conservatorships or 
        receiverships.
            ``(2) General powers.--
                    ``(A) Successor to system institution.--The 
                Corporation shall, as conservator or receiver, and by 
                operation of law, succeed to--
                            ``(i) all rights, titles, powers, and 
                        privileges of the System institution, and of 
                        any stockholder, member, officer, or director 
                        of such System institution with respect to the 
                        System institution and the assets of the System 
                        institution; and
                            ``(ii) title to the books, records, and 
                        assets of any previous conservator or other 
                        legal custodian of such System institution.
                    ``(B) Operate the system institution.--The 
                Corporation may, as conservator or receiver--
                            ``(i) take over the assets of and operate 
                        the System institution with all the powers of 
                        the stockholders or members, the directors, and 
                        the officers of the System institution and 
                        conduct all business of the System institution;
                            ``(ii) collect all obligations and money 
                        due the System institution;
                            ``(iii) perform all functions of the System 
                        institution in the name of the System 
                        institution which are consistent with the 
                        appointment as conservator or receiver;
                            ``(iv) preserve and conserve the assets and 
                        property of such System institution; and
                            ``(v) provide by contract for assistance in 
                        fulfilling any function, activity, action, or 
                        duty of the Corporation as conservator or 
                        receiver.
                    ``(C) Functions of system institution's officers, 
                directors, members, and stockholders.--The Corporation 
                may, by regulation or order, provide for the exercise 
                of any function by any stockholder, member, director, 
                or officer of any System institution for which the 
                Corporation has been appointed conservator or receiver.
                    ``(D) Powers as conservator.--Subject to any Farm 
                Credit Administration approvals required under this 
                Act, the Corporation may, as conservator, take such 
                action as may be--
                            ``(i) necessary to put the System 
                        institution in a sound and solvent condition; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) appropriate to carry on the business 
                        of the System institution and preserve and 
                        conserve the assets and property of the System 
                        institution.
                    ``(E) Additional powers as receiver.--The 
                Corporation may, as receiver, liquidate the System 
                institution and proceed to realize upon the assets of 
                the System institution, in such manner as the 
                Corporation determines to be appropriate.
                    ``(F) Organization of new system bank.--The 
                Corporation may, as receiver with respect to any System 
                bank, organize a bridge System bank under subsection 
                (h).
                    ``(G) Merger; transfer of assets and liabilities.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), 
                        the Corporation may, as conservator or 
                        receiver--
                                    ``(I) merge the System institution 
                                with another System institution; and
                                    ``(II) transfer or sell any asset 
                                or liability of the System institution 
                                in default without any approval, 
                                assignment, or consent with respect to 
                                such transfer.
                            ``(ii) Approval.--No merger or transfer 
                        under clause (i) may be made to another System 
                        institution (other than a bridge System bank 
                        under subsection (h)) without the approval of 
                        the Farm Credit Administration.
                    ``(H) Payment of valid obligations.--The 
                Corporation, as conservator or receiver, shall, to the 
                extent that proceeds are realized from the performance 
                of contracts or the sale of the assets of a System 
                institution, pay all valid obligations of the System 
                institution in accordance with the prescriptions and 
                limitations of this section.
                    ``(I) Incidental powers.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Corporation may, as 
                        conservator or receiver--
                                    ``(I) exercise all powers and 
                                authorities specifically granted to 
                                conservators or receivers, 
                                respectively, under this section and 
                                such incidental powers as shall be 
                                necessary to carry out such powers; and
                                    ``(II) take any action authorized 
                                by this section, which the Corporation 
                                determines is in the best interests 
                                of--
                                            ``(aa) the System 
                                        institution in receivership or 
                                        conservatorship;
                                            ``(bb) System institutions;
                                            ``(cc) System institution 
                                        stockholders or investors; or
                                            ``(dd) the Corporation.
                            ``(ii) Termination of rights and claims.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--Except as 
                                provided in subclause (II), 
                                notwithstanding any other provision of 
                                law, the appointment of the Corporation 
                                as receiver for a System institution 
                                and the succession of the Corporation, 
                                by operation of law, to the rights, 
                                titles, powers, and privileges 
                                described in subparagraph (A) shall 
                                terminate all rights and claims that 
                                the stockholders and creditors of the 
                                System institution may have, arising as 
                                a result of their status as 
                                stockholders or creditors, against the 
                                assets or charter of the System 
                                institution or the Corporation.
                                    ``(II) Exceptions.--Subclause (I) 
                                shall not terminate the right to 
                                payment, resolution, or other 
                                satisfaction of the claims of 
                                stockholders and creditors described in 
                                that subclause, as permitted under 
                                paragraphs (10) and (11) and subsection 
                                (d).
                            ``(iii) Charter.--Notwithstanding any other 
                        provision of law, for purposes of this section, 
                        the charter of a System institution shall not 
                        be considered to be an asset of the System 
                        institution.
                    ``(J) Utilization of private sector.--In carrying 
                out its responsibilities in the management and 
                disposition of assets from System institutions, as 
                conservator, receiver, or in its corporate capacity, 
                the Corporation may utilize the services of private 
                persons, including real estate and loan portfolio asset 
                management, property management, auction marketing, 
                legal, and brokerage services, if the Corporation 
                determines utilization of such services is practicable, 
                efficient, and cost effective.
            ``(3) Authority of receiver to determine claims.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Corporation may, as 
                receiver, determine claims in accordance with the 
                requirements of this subsection and regulations 
                prescribed under paragraph (4).
                    ``(B) Notice requirements.--The receiver, in any 
                case involving the liquidation or winding up of the 
                affairs of a closed System institution, shall--
                            ``(i) promptly publish a notice to the 
                        System institution's creditors to present their 
                        claims, together with proof, to the receiver by 
                        a date specified in the notice which shall be 
                        not less than 90 days after the publication of 
                        such notice; and
                            ``(ii) republish such notice approximately 
                        1 month and 2 months, respectively, after the 
                        publication under clause (i).
                    ``(C) Mailing required.--The receiver shall mail a 
                notice similar to the notice published under 
                subparagraph (B)(i) at the time of such publication to 
                any creditor shown on the System institution's books--
                            ``(i) at the creditor's last address 
                        appearing in such books; or
                            ``(ii) upon discovery of the name and 
                        address of a claimant not appearing on the 
                        System institution's books within 30 days after 
                        the discovery of such name and address.
            ``(4) Rulemaking authority relating to determination of 
        claims.--The Corporation may prescribe regulations regarding 
        the allowance or disallowance of claims by the receiver and 
        providing for administrative determination of claims and review 
        of such determination.
            ``(5) Procedures for determination of claims.--
                    ``(A) Determination period.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Before the end of the 
                        180-day period beginning on the date any claim 
                        against a System institution is filed with the 
                        Corporation as receiver, the Corporation shall 
                        determine whether to allow or disallow the 
                        claim and shall notify the claimant of any 
                        determination with respect to such claim.
                            ``(ii) Extension of time.--The period 
                        described in clause (i) may be extended by a 
                        written agreement between the claimant and the 
                        Corporation.
                            ``(iii) Mailing of notice sufficient.--The 
                        requirements of clause (i) shall be deemed to 
                        be satisfied if the notice of any determination 
                        with respect to any claim is mailed to the last 
                        address of the claimant which appears--
                                    ``(I) on the System institution's 
                                books;
                                    ``(II) in the claim filed by the 
                                claimant; or
                                    ``(III) in documents submitted in 
                                proof of the claim.
                            ``(iv) Contents of notice of 
                        disallowance.--If any claim filed under clause 
                        (i) is disallowed, the notice to the claimant 
                        shall contain--
                                    ``(I) a statement of each reason 
                                for the disallowance; and
                                    ``(II) the procedures available for 
                                obtaining agency review of the 
                                determination to disallow the claim or 
                                judicial determination of the claim.
                    ``(B) Allowance of proven claims.--The receiver 
                shall allow any claim received on or before the date 
                specified in the notice published under paragraph 
                (3)(B)(i) by the receiver from any claimant which is 
                proved to the satisfaction of the receiver.
                    ``(C) Disallowance of claims filed after end of 
                filing period.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                        clause (ii), claims filed after the date 
                        specified in the notice published under 
                        paragraph (3)(B)(i) shall be disallowed and 
                        such disallowance shall be final.
                            ``(ii) Certain exceptions.--Clause (i) 
                        shall not apply with respect to any claim filed 
                        by any claimant after the date specified in the 
                        notice published under paragraph (3)(B)(i) and 
                        such claim may be considered by the receiver 
                        if--
                                    ``(I) the claimant did not receive 
                                notice of the appointment of the 
                                receiver in time to file such claim 
                                before such date; and
                                    ``(II) such claim is filed in time 
                                to permit payment of such claim.
                    ``(D) Authority to disallow claims.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The receiver may 
                        disallow any portion of any claim by a creditor 
                        or claim of security, preference, or priority 
                        which is not proved to the satisfaction of the 
                        receiver.
                            ``(ii) Payments to less than fully secured 
                        creditors.--In the case of a claim of a 
                        creditor against a System institution which is 
                        secured by any property or other asset of such 
                        System institution, any receiver appointed for 
                        any System institution--
                                    ``(I) may treat the portion of such 
                                claim which exceeds an amount equal to 
                                the fair market value of such property 
                                or other asset as an unsecured claim 
                                against the System institution; and
                                    ``(II) may not make any payment 
                                with respect to such unsecured portion 
                                of the claim other than in connection 
                                with the disposition of all claims of 
                                unsecured creditors of the System 
                                institution.
                            ``(iii) Exceptions.--No provision of this 
                        paragraph shall apply with respect to--
                                    ``(I) any extension of credit from 
                                any Federal Reserve bank or the United 
                                States Treasury to any System 
                                institution; or
                                    ``(II) any security interest in the 
                                assets of the System institution 
                                securing any such extension of credit.
                    ``(E) No judicial review of determination pursuant 
                to subparagraph (d).--No court may review the 
                Corporation's determination pursuant to subparagraph 
                (D) to disallow a claim.
                    ``(F) Legal effect of filing.--
                            ``(i) Statute of limitation tolled.--For 
                        purposes of any applicable statute of 
                        limitations, the filing of a claim with the 
                        receiver shall constitute a commencement of an 
                        action.
                            ``(ii) No prejudice to other actions.--
                        Subject to paragraph (12) and the determination 
                        of claims by a receiver, the filing of a claim 
                        with the receiver shall not prejudice any right 
                        of the claimant to continue any action which 
                        was filed before the appointment of the 
                        receiver.
            ``(6) Provision for judicial determination of claims.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Before the end of the 60-day 
                period beginning on the earlier of--
                            ``(i) the end of the period described in 
                        paragraph (5)(A)(i) with respect to any claim 
                        against a System institution for which the 
                        Corporation is receiver; or
                            ``(ii) the date of any notice of 
                        disallowance of such claim pursuant to 
                        paragraph (5)(A)(i),
                the claimant may request administrative review of the 
                claim in accordance with paragraph (7) or file suit on 
                such claim (or continue an action commenced before the 
                appointment of the receiver) in the district or 
                territorial court of the United States for the district 
                within which the System institution's principal place 
                of business is located or the United States District 
                Court for the District of Columbia (and such court 
                shall have jurisdiction to hear such claim).
                    ``(B) Statute of limitations.--If any claimant 
                fails to file suit on such claim (or continue an action 
                commenced before the appointment of the receiver), 
                before the end of the 60-day period described in 
                subparagraph (A), the claim shall be deemed to be 
                disallowed (other than any portion of such claim which 
                was allowed by the receiver) as of the end of such 
                period, such disallowance shall be final, and the 
                claimant shall have no further rights or remedies with 
                respect to such claim.
            ``(7) Review of claims; administrative hearing.--If any 
        claimant requests review under this paragraph in lieu of filing 
        or continuing any action under paragraph (6) and the 
        Corporation agrees to such request, the Corporation shall 
        consider the claim after opportunity for a hearing on the 
        record. The final determination of the Corporation with respect 
        to such claim shall be subject to judicial review under chapter 
        7 of title 5, United States Code.
            ``(8) Expedited determination of claims.--
                    ``(A) Establishment required.--The Corporation 
                shall establish a procedure for expedited relief 
                outside of the routine claims process established under 
                paragraph (5) for claimants who--
                            ``(i) allege the existence of legally valid 
                        and enforceable or perfected security interests 
                        in assets of any System institution for which 
                        the Corporation has been appointed receiver; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) allege that irreparable injury will 
                        occur if the routine claims procedure is 
                        followed.
                    ``(B) Determination period.--Before the end of the 
                90-day period beginning on the date any claim is filed 
                in accordance with the procedures established pursuant 
                to subparagraph (A), the Corporation shall--
                            ``(i) determine--
                                    ``(I) whether to allow or disallow 
                                such claim; or
                                    ``(II) whether such claim should be 
                                determined pursuant to the procedures 
                                established pursuant to paragraph (5); 
                                and
                            ``(ii) notify the claimant of the 
                        determination, and if the claim is disallowed, 
                        provide a statement of each reason for the 
                        disallowance and the procedure for obtaining 
                        agency review or judicial determination.
                    ``(C) Period for filing or renewing suit.--Any 
                claimant who files a request for expedited relief shall 
                be permitted to file a suit, or to continue a suit 
                filed before the appointment of the receiver, seeking a 
                determination of the claimant's rights with respect to 
                such security interest after the earlier of--
                            ``(i) the end of the 90-day period 
                        beginning on the date of the filing of a 
                        request for expedited relief; or
                            ``(ii) the date the Corporation denies the 
                        claim.
                    ``(D) Statute of limitations.--If an action 
                described in subparagraph (C) is not filed, or the 
                motion to renew a previously filed suit is not made, 
                before the end of the 30-day period beginning on the 
                date on which such action or motion may be filed in 
                accordance with subparagraph (B), the claim shall be 
                deemed to be disallowed as of the end of such period 
                (other than any portion of such claim which was allowed 
                by the receiver), such disallowance shall be final, and 
                the claimant shall have no further rights or remedies 
                with respect to such claim.
                    ``(E) Legal effect of filing.--
                            ``(i) Statute of limitation tolled.--For 
                        purposes of any applicable statute of 
                        limitations, the filing of a claim with the 
                        receiver shall constitute a commencement of an 
                        action.
                            ``(ii) No prejudice to other actions.--
                        Subject to paragraph (12), the filing of a 
                        claim with the receiver shall not prejudice any 
                        right of the claimant to continue any action 
                        which was filed before the appointment of the 
                        receiver.
            ``(9) Agreement as basis of claim.--
                    ``(A) Requirements.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), any agreement which does not meet the 
                requirements set forth in section 5.61(d) shall not 
                form the basis of, or substantially comprise, a claim 
                against the receiver or the Corporation.
                    ``(B) Exception to contemporaneous execution 
                requirement.--Notwithstanding section 5.61(d), any 
                agreement relating to an extension of credit between a 
                Federal Reserve bank or the United States Treasury and 
                any System institution which was executed before such 
                extension of credit to such System institution shall be 
                treated as having been executed contemporaneously with 
                such extension of credit for purposes of subparagraph 
                (A).
            ``(10) Payment of claims.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The receiver may, in the 
                receiver's discretion and to the extent funds are 
                available from the assets of the System institution, 
                pay creditor claims which are allowed by the receiver, 
                approved by the Corporation pursuant to a final 
                determination pursuant to paragraph (7) or (8), or 
                determined by the final judgment of any court of 
                competent jurisdiction in such manner and amounts as 
                are authorized under this Act.
                    ``(B) Liquidation payments.--The receiver may, in 
                the receiver's sole discretion, pay from the assets of 
                the System institution portions of proved claims at any 
                time, and no liability shall attach to the Corporation 
                (in such Corporation's corporate capacity or as 
                receiver), by reason of any such payment, for failure 
                to make payments to a claimant whose claim is not 
                proved at the time of any such payment.
                    ``(C) Rulemaking authority of corporation.--The 
                Corporation may prescribe such rules, including 
                definitions of terms, as it deems appropriate to 
                establish a single uniform interest rate for or to make 
                payments of post insolvency interest to creditors 
                holding proven claims against the receivership estates 
                of System institutions following satisfaction by the 
                receiver of the principal amount of all creditor 
                claims.
            ``(11) Priority of expenses and claims.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Amounts realized from the 
                liquidation or other resolution of any System 
                institution by any receiver appointed for such System 
                institution shall be distributed to pay claims (other 
                than secured claims to the extent of any such security) 
                in the following order of priority:
                            ``(i) Administrative expenses of the 
                        receiver.
                            ``(ii) If authorized by the Corporation, 
                        wages, salaries, or commissions, including 
                        vacation, severance, and sick leave pay earned 
                        by an individual--
                                    ``(I) in an amount that is not more 
                                than $11,725 for each individual (as 
                                indexed for inflation, by regulation of 
                                the Corporation); and
                                    ``(II) that is earned 180 days or 
                                fewer before the date of appointment of 
                                the Corporation as receiver.
                            ``(iii) In the case of the resolution of a 
                        System bank, all claims of holders of 
                        consolidated and System-wide bonds and all 
                        claims of the other System banks arising from 
                        the payments of the System banks pursuant to--
                                    ``(I) section 4.4 on consolidated 
                                and System-wide bonds issued under 
                                subsection (c) or (d) of section 4.2; 
                                or
                                    ``(II) an agreement, in writing and 
                                approved by the Farm Credit 
                                Administration, among the System banks 
                                to reallocate the payments.
                            ``(iv) In the case of the resolution of a 
                        production credit association or other 
                        association making direct loans under section 
                        7.6, all claims of a System bank based on the 
                        financing agreement between the association and 
                        the System bank--
                                    ``(I) including interest accrued 
                                before and after the appointment of the 
                                receiver; and
                                    ``(II) not including any setoff for 
                                stock or other equity of that System 
                                bank owned by the association, on that 
                                condition that, prior to making that 
                                setoff, that System bank shall obtain 
                                the approval of the Farm Credit 
                                Administration Board for the retirement 
                                of that stock or equity.
                            ``(v) Any general or senior liability of 
                        the System institution (which is not a 
                        liability described in clause (vi) or (vii)).
                            ``(vi) Any obligation subordinated to 
                        general creditors (which is not an obligation 
                        described in clause (vii)).
                            ``(vii) Any obligation to stockholders or 
                        members arising as a result of their status as 
                        stockholders or members.
                    ``(B) Payment of claims.--
                            ``(i) In general.--
                                    ``(I) Payment.--All claims of each 
                                priority described in clauses (i) 
                                through (vii) of subparagraph (A) shall 
                                be paid in full, or provisions shall be 
                                made for that payment, prior to the 
                                payment of any claim of a lesser 
                                priority.
                                    ``(II) Insufficient funds.--If 
                                there are insufficient funds to pay in 
                                full all claims in any priority 
                                described clauses (i) through (vii) of 
                                subparagraph (A), distribution on that 
                                priority of claims shall be made on a 
                                pro rata basis.
                            ``(ii) Distribution of remaining assets.--
                        Following the payment of all claims in 
                        accordance with subparagraph (A), the receiver 
                        shall distribute the remainder of the assets of 
                        the System institution to the owners of stock, 
                        participation certificates, and other equities 
                        in accordance with the priorities for 
                        impairment under the bylaws of the System 
                        institution.
                            ``(iii) Eligible borrower stock.--
                        Notwithstanding subparagraph (C) or any other 
                        provision of this section, eligible borrower 
                        stock shall be retired in accordance with 
                        section 4.9A.
                    ``(C) Effect of state law.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The provisions of 
                        subparagraph (A) shall not supersede the law of 
                        any State except to the extent such law is 
                        inconsistent with the provisions of such 
                        subparagraph, and then only to the extent of 
                        the inconsistency.
                            ``(ii) Procedure for determination of 
                        inconsistency.--Upon the Corporation's own 
                        motion or upon the request of any person with a 
                        claim described in subparagraph (A) or any 
                        State which is submitted to the Corporation in 
                        accordance with procedures which the 
                        Corporation shall prescribe, the Corporation 
                        shall determine whether any provision of the 
                        law of any State is inconsistent with any 
                        provision of subparagraph (A) and the extent of 
                        any such inconsistency.
                            ``(iii) Judicial review.--The final 
                        determination of the Corporation under clause 
                        (ii) shall be subject to judicial review under 
                        chapter 7 of title 5, United States Code.
                    ``(D) Accounting report.--Any distribution by the 
                Corporation in connection with any claim described in 
                subparagraph (A)(vii) shall be accompanied by the 
                accounting report required under paragraph (15)(B).
            ``(12) Suspension of legal actions.--
                    ``(A) In general.--After the appointment of a 
                conservator or receiver for a System institution, the 
                conservator or receiver may request a stay for a period 
                not to exceed--
                            ``(i) 45 days, in the case of any 
                        conservator; and
                            ``(ii) 90 days, in the case of any 
                        receiver,
                in any judicial action or proceeding to which such 
                System institution is or becomes a party.
                    ``(B) Grant of stay by all courts required.--Upon 
                receipt of a request by any conservator or receiver 
                pursuant to subparagraph (A) for a stay of any judicial 
                action or proceeding in any court with jurisdiction of 
                such action or proceeding, the court shall grant such 
                stay as to all parties.
            ``(13) Additional rights and duties.--
                    ``(A) Prior final adjudication.--The Corporation 
                shall abide by any final unappealable judgment of any 
                court of competent jurisdiction which was rendered 
                before the appointment of the Corporation as 
                conservator or receiver.
                    ``(B) Rights and remedies of conservator or 
                receiver.--In the event of any appealable judgment, the 
                Corporation as conservator or receiver shall--
                            ``(i) have all the rights and remedies 
                        available to the System institution (before the 
                        appointment of such conservator or receiver) 
                        and the Corporation in its corporate capacity, 
                        including removal to Federal court and all 
                        appellate rights; and
                            ``(ii) not be required to post any bond in 
                        order to pursue such remedies.
                    ``(C) No attachment or execution.--No attachment or 
                execution may issue by any court on--
                            ``(i) assets in the possession of the 
                        receiver; or
                            ``(ii) the charter of a System institution 
                        for which the Corporation has been appointed 
                        receiver.
                    ``(D) Limitation on judicial review.--Except as 
                otherwise provided in this subsection, no court shall 
                have jurisdiction over--
                            ``(i) any claim or action for payment from, 
                        or any action seeking a determination of rights 
                        with respect to, the assets of any System 
                        institution for which the Corporation has been 
                        appointed receiver, including assets which the 
                        Corporation may acquire from itself as such 
                        receiver; or
                            ``(ii) any claim relating to any act or 
                        omission of such System institution or the 
                        Corporation as receiver.
                    ``(E) Disposition of assets.--In exercising any 
                right, power, privilege, or authority as receiver in 
                connection with any sale or disposition of assets of 
                any System institution for which the Corporation is 
                acting as receiver, the Corporation shall, to the 
                maximum extent practicable, conduct its operations in a 
                manner which--
                            ``(i) maximizes the net present value 
                        return from the sale or disposition of such 
                        assets;
                            ``(ii) minimizes the amount of any loss 
                        realized in the resolution of cases;
                            ``(iii) ensures adequate competition and 
                        fair and consistent treatment of offerors;
                            ``(iv) prohibits discrimination on the 
                        basis of race, sex, or ethnic groups in the 
                        solicitation and consideration of offers; and
                            ``(v) mitigates the potential for serious 
                        adverse effects to the rest of the System.
            ``(14) Statute of limitations for actions brought by 
        conservator or receiver.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding any provision of 
                any contract, the applicable statute of limitations 
                with regard to any action brought by the Corporation as 
                conservator or receiver shall be--
                            ``(i) in the case of any contract claim, 
                        the longer of--
                                    ``(I) the 6-year period beginning 
                                on the date the claim accrues; or
                                    ``(II) the period applicable under 
                                State law; and
                            ``(ii) in the case of any tort claim, the 
                        longer of--
                                    ``(I) the 3-year period beginning 
                                on the date the claim accrues; or
                                    ``(II) the period applicable under 
                                State law.
                    ``(B) Determination of the date on which a claim 
                accrues.--For purposes of subparagraph (A), the date on 
                which the statute of limitations begins to run on any 
                claim described in such subparagraph shall be the later 
                of--
                            ``(i) the date of the appointment of the 
                        Corporation as conservator or receiver; or
                            ``(ii) the date on which the cause of 
                        action accrues.
                    ``(C) Revival of expired state causes of action.--
                            ``(i) In general.--In the case of any tort 
                        claim described in clause (ii) for which the 
                        statute of limitation applicable under State 
                        law with respect to such claim has expired not 
                        more than 5 years before the appointment of the 
                        Corporation as conservator or receiver, the 
                        Corporation may bring an action as conservator 
                        or receiver on such claim without regard to the 
                        expiration of the statute of limitation 
                        applicable under State law.
                            ``(ii) Claims described.--A tort claim 
                        referred to in clause (i) is a claim arising 
                        from fraud, intentional misconduct resulting in 
                        unjust enrichment, or intentional misconduct 
                        resulting in substantial loss to the System 
                        institution.
            ``(15) Accounting and recordkeeping requirements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Corporation as conservator 
                or receiver shall, consistent with the accounting and 
                reporting practices and procedures established by the 
                Corporation, maintain a full accounting of each 
                conservatorship and receivership or other disposition 
                of System institutions in default.
                    ``(B) Annual accounting or report.--With respect to 
                each conservatorship or receivership to which the 
                Corporation was appointed, the Corporation shall make 
                an annual accounting or report, as appropriate, 
                available to the Farm Credit Administration Board.
                    ``(C) Availability of reports.--Any report prepared 
                pursuant to subparagraph (B) shall be made available by 
                the Corporation upon request to any stockholder of the 
                System institution for which the Corporation was 
                appointed conservator or receiver or any other member 
                of the public.
                    ``(D) Recordkeeping requirement.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                        clause (ii), after the end of the 6-year period 
                        beginning on the date the Corporation is 
                        appointed as receiver of a System institution, 
                        the Corporation may destroy any records of such 
                        System institution which the Corporation, in 
                        the Corporation's discretion, determines to be 
                        unnecessary unless directed not to do so by a 
                        court of competent jurisdiction or governmental 
                        agency, or prohibited by law.
                            ``(ii) Old records.--Notwithstanding clause 
                        (i), the Corporation may destroy records of a 
                        System institution which are at least 10 years 
                        old as of the date on which the Corporation is 
                        appointed as the receiver of such System 
                        institution in accordance with clause (i) at 
                        any time after such appointment is final, 
                        without regard to the 6-year period of 
                        limitation contained in clause (i).
            ``(16) Fraudulent transfers.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Corporation, as conservator 
                or receiver for any System institution, may avoid a 
                transfer of any interest of a System institution-
                affiliated party, or any person who the Corporation 
                determines is a debtor of the System institution, in 
                property, or any obligation incurred by such party or 
                person, that was made within 5 years of the date on 
                which the Corporation was appointed conservator or 
                receiver if such party or person voluntarily or 
                involuntarily made such transfer or incurred such 
                liability with the intent to hinder, delay, or defraud 
                the System institution, the Farm Credit Administration, 
                or the Corporation.
                    ``(B) Right of recovery.--To the extent a transfer 
                is avoided under subparagraph (A), the Corporation may 
                recover, for the benefit of the System institution, the 
                property transferred, or, if a court so orders, the 
                value of such property (at the time of such transfer) 
                from--
                            ``(i) the initial transferee of such 
                        transfer or the System institution-affiliated 
                        party or person for whose benefit such transfer 
                        was made; or
                            ``(ii) any immediate or mediate transferee 
                        of any such initial transferee.
                    ``(C) Rights of transferee or obligee.--The 
                Corporation may not recover under subparagraph (B) 
                from--
                            ``(i) any transferee that takes for value, 
                        including satisfaction or securing of a present 
                        or antecedent debt, in good faith; or
                            ``(ii) any immediate or mediate good faith 
                        transferee of such transferee.
                    ``(D) Rights under this paragraph.--The rights 
                under this paragraph of the Corporation shall be 
                superior to any rights of a trustee or any other party 
                (other than any party which is a Federal agency) under 
                title 11, United States Code.
            ``(17) Attachment of assets and other injunctive relief.--
        Subject to paragraph (18), any court of competent jurisdiction 
        may, at the request of the Corporation (in the Corporation's 
        capacity as conservator or receiver for any System institution 
        or in the Corporation's corporate capacity with respect to any 
        asset acquired or liability assumed by the Corporation under 
        section 5.61), issue an order in accordance with Rule 65 of the 
        Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, including an order placing 
        the assets of any person designated by the Corporation under 
        the control of the court and appointing a trustee to hold such 
        assets.
            ``(18) Standards.--
                    ``(A) Showing.--Rule 65 of the Federal Rules of 
                Civil Procedure shall apply with respect to any 
                proceeding under paragraph (17) without regard to the 
                requirement of such rule that the applicant show that 
                the injury, loss, or damage is irreparable and 
                immediate.
                    ``(B) State proceeding.--If, in the case of any 
                proceeding in a State court, the court determines that 
                rules of civil procedure available under the laws of 
                such State provide substantially similar protections to 
                such party's right to due process as Rule 65 (as 
                modified with respect to such proceeding by 
                subparagraph (A)), the relief sought by the Corporation 
                pursuant to paragraph (17) may be requested under the 
                laws of such State.
            ``(19) Treatment of claims arising from breach of contracts 
        executed by the receiver or conservator.--Notwithstanding any 
        other provision of this subsection, any final and unappealable 
        judgment for monetary damages entered against a receiver or 
        conservator for a System institution for the breach of an 
        agreement executed or approved by such receiver or conservator 
        after the date of its appointment shall be paid as an 
        administrative expense of the receiver or conservator. Nothing 
        in this paragraph shall be construed to limit the power of a 
        receiver or conservator to exercise any rights under contract 
        or law, including terminating, breaching, canceling, or 
        otherwise discontinuing such agreement.
    ``(c) Provisions Relating to Contracts Entered Into Before 
Appointment of Conservator or Receiver.--
            ``(1) Authority to repudiate contracts.--In addition to any 
        other rights a conservator or receiver may have, the 
        conservator or receiver for a System institution may disaffirm 
        or repudiate any contract or lease--
                    ``(A) to which such System institution is a party;
                    ``(B) the performance of which the conservator or 
                receiver, in the conservator's or receiver's 
                discretion, determines to be burdensome; and
                    ``(C) the disaffirmance or repudiation of which the 
                conservator or receiver determines, in the 
                conservator's or receiver's discretion, will promote 
                the orderly administration of the System institution's 
                affairs.
            ``(2) Timing of repudiation.--The Corporation as 
        conservator or receiver for any System institution shall 
        determine whether or not to exercise the rights of repudiation 
        under this subsection within a reasonable period following such 
        appointment.
            ``(3) Claims for damages for repudiation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as otherwise provided in 
                subparagraph (C) and paragraphs (4), (5), and (6), the 
                liability of the conservator or receiver for the 
                disaffirmance or repudiation of any contract pursuant 
                to paragraph (1) shall be--
                            ``(i) limited to actual direct compensatory 
                        damages; and
                            ``(ii) determined as of--
                                    ``(I) the date of the appointment 
                                of the conservator or receiver; or
                                    ``(II) in the case of any contract 
                                or agreement referred to in paragraph 
                                (8), the date of the disaffirmance or 
                                repudiation of such contract or 
                                agreement.
                    ``(B) No liability for other damages.--For purposes 
                of subparagraph (A), the term `actual direct 
                compensatory damages' does not include--
                            ``(i) punitive or exemplary damages;
                            ``(ii) damages for lost profits or 
                        opportunity; or
                            ``(iii) damages for pain and suffering.
                    ``(C) Measure of damages for repudiation of 
                financial contracts.--In the case of any qualified 
                financial contract or agreement to which paragraph (8) 
                applies, compensatory damages shall be--
                            ``(i) deemed to include normal and 
                        reasonable costs of cover or other reasonable 
                        measures of damages utilized in the industries 
                        for such contract and agreement claims; and
                            ``(ii) paid in accordance with this 
                        subsection and subsection (j), except as 
                        otherwise specifically provided in this 
                        section.
            ``(4) Leases under which the system institution is the 
        lessee.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If the conservator or receiver 
                disaffirms or repudiates a lease under which the System 
                institution was the lessee, the conservator or receiver 
                shall not be liable for any damages (other than damages 
                determined pursuant to subparagraph (B)) for the 
                disaffirmance or repudiation of such lease.
                    ``(B) Payments of rent.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraph (A), the lessor under a lease to which 
                such subparagraph applies shall--
                            ``(i) be entitled to the contractual rent 
                        accruing before the later of the date--
                                    ``(I) the notice of disaffirmance 
                                or repudiation is mailed; or
                                    ``(II) the disaffirmance or 
                                repudiation becomes effective, unless 
                                the lessor is in default or breach of 
                                the terms of the lease; and
                            ``(ii) have no claim for damages under any 
                        acceleration clause or other penalty provision 
                        in the lease; and
                            ``(iii) have a claim for any unpaid rent, 
                        subject to all appropriate offsets and 
                        defenses, due as of the date of the 
                        appointment, which shall be paid in accordance 
                        with this subsection and subsection (j).
            ``(5) Leases under which the system institution is the 
        lessor.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If the conservator or receiver 
                repudiates an unexpired written lease of real property 
                of the System institution under which the System 
                institution is the lessor and the lessee is not, as of 
                the date of such repudiation, in default, the lessee 
                under such lease may either--
                            ``(i) treat the lease as terminated by such 
                        repudiation; or
                            ``(ii) remain in possession of the 
                        leasehold interest for the balance of the term 
                        of the lease, unless the lessee defaults under 
                        the terms of the lease after the date of such 
                        repudiation.
                    ``(B) Provisions applicable to lessee remaining in 
                possession.--If any lessee under a lease described in 
                subparagraph (A) remains in possession of a leasehold 
                interest pursuant to clause (ii) of such subparagraph--
                            ``(i) the lessee--
                                    ``(I) shall continue to pay the 
                                contractual rent pursuant to the terms 
                                of the lease after the date of the 
                                repudiation of such lease; and
                                    ``(II) may offset against any rent 
                                payment which accrues after the date of 
                                the repudiation of the lease, any 
                                damages which accrue after such date 
                                due to the nonperformance of any 
                                obligation of the System institution 
                                under the lease after such date; and
                            ``(ii) the conservator or receiver shall 
                        not be liable to the lessee for any damages 
                        arising after such date as a result of the 
                        repudiation, other than the amount of any 
                        offset allowed under clause (i)(II).
            ``(6) Contracts for the sale of real property.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If the conservator or receiver 
                repudiates any contract (which repudiates any contract 
                that meets the requirements of paragraphs (1) through 
                (4) of section 5.61(d) for the sale of real property, 
                and the purchaser of such real property under such 
                contract is in possession and is not, as of the date of 
                such repudiation, in default, such purchaser may 
                either--
                            ``(i) treat the contract as terminated by 
                        such repudiation; or
                            ``(ii) remain in possession of such real 
                        property.
                    ``(B) Provisions applicable to purchaser remaining 
                in possession.--If any purchaser of real property under 
                any contract described in subparagraph (A) remains in 
                possession of such property pursuant to clause (ii) of 
                such subparagraph--
                            ``(i) the purchaser--
                                    ``(I) shall continue to make all 
                                payments due under the contract after 
                                the date of the repudiation of the 
                                contract; and
                                    ``(II) may offset against any such 
                                payments any damages which accrue after 
                                such date due to the nonperformance 
                                (after such date) of any obligation of 
                                the System institution under the 
                                contract; and
                            ``(ii) the conservator or receiver shall--
                                    ``(I) not be liable to the 
                                purchaser for any damages arising after 
                                that date as a result of the 
                                repudiation, other than the amount of 
                                any offset allowed under clause 
                                (i)(II);
                                    ``(II) deliver title to the 
                                purchaser in accordance with the 
                                contract; and
                                    ``(III) have no obligation under 
                                the contract, other than the 
                                performance required under subclause 
                                (II).
                    ``(C) Assignment and sale allowed.--
                            ``(i) In general.--No provision of this 
                        paragraph shall be construed as limiting the 
                        right of the conservator or receiver to assign 
                        the contract described in subparagraph (A) and 
                        sell the property subject to the contract and 
                        this paragraph.
                            ``(ii) No liability after assignment and 
                        sale.--If an assignment and sale described in 
                        clause (i) is consummated, the Corporation, 
                        acting as conservator or receiver, shall have 
                        no further liability under the applicable 
                        contract described in subparagraph (A) or with 
                        respect to the real property which was the 
                        subject of such contract.
            ``(7) Provisions applicable to service contracts.--
                    ``(A) Services performed before appointment.--In 
                the case of any contract for services between any 
                person and any System institution for which the 
                Corporation has been appointed conservator or receiver, 
                any claim of such person for services performed before 
                the appointment of the conservator or the receiver 
                shall be--
                            ``(i) a claim to be paid in accordance with 
                        subsections (b) and (d); and
                            ``(ii) deemed to have arisen as of the date 
                        the conservator or receiver was appointed.
                    ``(B) Services performed after appointment and 
                prior to repudiation.--If, in the case of any contract 
                for services described in subparagraph (A), the 
                conservator or receiver accepts performance by the 
                other person before the conservator or receiver makes 
                any determination to exercise the right of repudiation 
                of such contract under this section--
                            ``(i) the other party shall be paid under 
                        the terms of the contract for the services 
                        performed; and
                            ``(ii) the amount of such payment shall be 
                        treated as an administrative expense of the 
                        conservatorship or receivership.
                    ``(C) Acceptance of performance no bar to 
                subsequent repudiation.--The acceptance by any 
                conservator or receiver of services referred to in 
                subparagraph (B) in connection with a contract 
                described in such subparagraph shall not affect the 
                right of the conservator or receiver, to repudiate such 
                contract under this section at any time after such 
                performance.
            ``(8) Certain qualified financial contracts.--
                    ``(A) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
                            ``(i) Commodity contract.--The term 
                        `commodity contract' means--
                                    ``(I) with respect to a futures 
                                commission merchant, a contract for the 
                                purchase or sale of a commodity for 
                                future delivery on, or subject to the 
                                rules of, a contract market or board of 
                                trade;
                                    ``(II) with respect to a foreign 
                                futures commission merchant, a foreign 
                                future;
                                    ``(III) with respect to a leverage 
                                transaction merchant, a leverage 
                                transaction;
                                    ``(IV) with respect to a clearing 
                                organization, a contract for the 
                                purchase or sale of a commodity for 
                                future delivery on, or subject to the 
                                rules of, a contract market or board of 
                                trade that is cleared by such clearing 
                                organization, or commodity option 
                                traded on, or subject to the rules of, 
                                a contract market or board of trade 
                                that is cleared by such clearing 
                                organization;
                                    ``(V) with respect to a commodity 
                                options dealer, a commodity option;
                                    ``(VI) any other agreement or 
                                transaction that is similar to any 
                                agreement or transaction referred to in 
                                this clause;
                                    ``(VII) any combination of the 
                                agreements or transactions referred to 
                                in this clause;
                                    ``(VIII) any option to enter into 
                                any agreement or transaction referred 
                                to in this clause;
                                    ``(IX) a master agreement that 
                                provides for an agreement or 
                                transaction referred to in any of 
                                subclauses (I) through (VIII), together 
                                with all supplements to any such master 
                                agreement, without regard to whether 
                                the master agreement provides for an 
                                agreement or transaction that is not a 
                                commodity contract under this clause, 
                                except that the master agreement shall 
                                be considered to be a commodity 
                                contract under this clause only with 
                                respect to each agreement or 
                                transaction under the master agreement 
                                that is referred to in subclause (I), 
                                (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), or 
                                (VIII); or
                                    ``(X) any security agreement or 
                                arrangement or other credit enhancement 
                                related to any agreement or transaction 
                                referred to in this clause, including 
                                any guarantee or reimbursement 
                                obligation in connection with any 
                                agreement or transaction referred to in 
                                this clause.
                            ``(ii) Forward contract.--The term `forward 
                        contract' means--
                                    ``(I) a contract (other than a 
                                commodity contract) for the purchase, 
                                sale, or transfer of a commodity or any 
                                similar good, article, service, right, 
                                or interest which is presently or in 
                                the future becomes the subject of 
                                dealing in the forward contract trade, 
                                or product or byproduct thereof, with a 
                                maturity date more than 2 days after 
                                the date the contract is entered into, 
                                including a repurchase or reverse 
                                repurchase transaction (whether or not 
                                such repurchase or reverse repurchase 
                                transaction is a repurchase agreement), 
                                consignment, lease, swap, hedge 
                                transaction, deposit, loan, option, 
                                allocated transaction, unallocated 
                                transaction, or any other similar 
                                agreement;
                                    ``(II) any combination of 
                                agreements or transactions referred to 
                                in subclauses (I) and (III);
                                    ``(III) any option to enter into 
                                any agreement or transaction referred 
                                to in subclause (I) or (II);
                                    ``(IV) a master agreement that 
                                provides for an agreement or 
                                transaction referred to in subclauses 
                                (I) through (III), together with all 
                                supplements to any such master 
                                agreement, without regard to whether 
                                the master agreement provides for an 
                                agreement or transaction that is not a 
                                forward contract under this clause, 
                                except that the master agreement shall 
                                be considered to be a forward contract 
                                under this clause only with respect to 
                                each agreement or transaction under the 
                                master agreement that is referred to in 
                                subclause (I), (II), or (III); or
                                    ``(V) any security agreement or 
                                arrangement or other credit enhancement 
                                related to any agreement or transaction 
                                referred to in subclause (I), (II), 
                                (III), or (IV), including any guarantee 
                                or reimbursement obligation in 
                                connection with any agreement or 
                                transaction referred to in any such 
                                subclause.
                            ``(iii) Person.--The term `person'--
                                    ``(I) has the meaning given the 
                                term in section 1 of title 1, United 
                                States Code; and
                                    ``(II) includes any governmental 
                                entity.
                            ``(iv) Qualified financial contract.--The 
                        term `qualified financial contract' means any 
                        securities contract, commodity contract, 
                        forward contract, repurchase agreement, swap 
                        agreement, and any similar agreement that the 
                        Corporation determines by regulation, 
                        resolution, or order to be a qualified 
                        financial contract for purposes of this 
                        paragraph.
                            ``(v) Repurchase agreement.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--The term 
                                `repurchase agreement' (including with 
                                respect to a reverse repurchase 
                                agreement)--
                                            ``(aa) means--

                                                    ``(AA) an 
                                                agreement, including 
                                                related terms, which 
                                                provides for the 
                                                transfer of one or more 
                                                certificates of 
                                                deposit, mortgage-
                                                related securities (as 
                                                such term is defined in 
                                                section 3(a) of the 
                                                Securities Exchange Act 
                                                of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 
                                                78c(a))), mortgage 
                                                loans, interests in 
                                                mortgage-related 
                                                securities or mortgage 
                                                loans, eligible 
                                                bankers' acceptances, 
                                                qualified foreign 
                                                government securities 
                                                or securities that are 
                                                direct obligations of, 
                                                or that are fully 
                                                guaranteed by, the 
                                                United States or any 
                                                agency of the United 
                                                States against the 
                                                transfer of funds by 
                                                the transferee of such 
                                                certificates of 
                                                deposit, eligible 
                                                bankers' acceptances, 
                                                securities, mortgage 
                                                loans, or interests 
                                                with a simultaneous 
                                                agreement by such 
                                                transferee to transfer 
                                                to the transferor 
                                                thereof certificates of 
                                                deposit, eligible 
                                                bankers' acceptances, 
                                                securities, mortgage 
                                                loans, or interests as 
                                                described above, at a 
                                                date certain not later 
                                                than 1 year after such 
                                                transfers or on demand, 
                                                against the transfer of 
                                                funds, or any other 
                                                similar agreement;

                                                    ``(BB) any 
                                                combination of 
                                                agreements or 
                                                transactions referred 
                                                to in subitems (AA) and 
                                                (CC);

                                                    ``(CC) any option 
                                                to enter into any 
                                                agreement or 
                                                transaction referred to 
                                                in subitem (AA) or 
                                                (BB);

                                                    ``(DD) a master 
                                                agreement that provides 
                                                for an agreement or 
                                                transaction referred to 
                                                in subitem (AA), (BB), 
                                                or (CC), together with 
                                                all supplements to any 
                                                such master agreement, 
                                                without regard to 
                                                whether the master 
                                                agreement provides for 
                                                an agreement or 
                                                transaction that is not 
                                                a repurchase agreement 
                                                under this item, except 
                                                that the master 
                                                agreement shall be 
                                                considered to be a 
                                                repurchase agreement 
                                                under this item only 
                                                with respect to each 
                                                agreement or 
                                                transaction under the 
                                                master agreement that 
                                                is referred to in 
                                                subitem (AA), (BB), or 
                                                (CC); and

                                                    ``(EE) any security 
                                                agreement or 
                                                arrangement or other 
                                                credit enhancement 
                                                related to any 
                                                agreement or 
                                                transaction referred to 
                                                in any of subitems (AA) 
                                                through (DD), including 
                                                any guarantee or 
                                                reimbursement 
                                                obligation in 
                                                connection with any 
                                                agreement or 
                                                transaction referred to 
                                                in any such subitem; 
                                                and

                                            ``(bb) does not include any 
                                        repurchase obligation under a 
                                        participation in a commercial 
                                        mortgage, loan unless the 
                                        Corporation determines by 
                                        regulation, resolution, or 
                                        order to include any such 
                                        participation within the 
                                        meaning of such term.
                                    ``(II) Related definition.--For 
                                purposes of subclause (I)(aa), the term 
                                `qualified foreign government security' 
                                means a security that is a direct 
                                obligation of, or that is fully 
                                guaranteed by, the central government 
                                of a member of the Organization for 
                                Economic Cooperation and Development 
                                (as determined by regulation or order 
                                adopted by the appropriate Federal 
                                banking authority).
                            ``(vi) Securities contract.--The term 
                        `securities contract'--
                                    ``(I) means--
                                            ``(aa) a contract for the 
                                        purchase, sale, or loan of a 
                                        security, a certificate of 
                                        deposit, a mortgage loan, any 
                                        interest in a mortgage loan, a 
                                        group or index of securities, 
                                        certificates of deposit, or 
                                        mortgage loans or interests 
                                        therein (including any interest 
                                        therein or based on the value 
                                        thereof) or any option on any 
                                        of the foregoing, including any 
                                        option to purchase or sell any 
                                        such security, certificate of 
                                        deposit, mortgage loan, 
                                        interest, group or index, or 
                                        option, and including any 
                                        repurchase or reverse 
                                        repurchase transaction on any 
                                        such security, certificate of 
                                        deposit, mortgage loan, 
                                        interest, group or index, or 
                                        option (whether or not the 
                                        repurchase or reverse 
                                        repurchase transaction is a 
                                        repurchase agreement);
                                            ``(bb) any option entered 
                                        into on a national securities 
                                        exchange relating to foreign 
                                        currencies;
                                            ``(cc) the guarantee 
                                        (including by novation) by or 
                                        to any securities clearing 
                                        agency of any settlement of 
                                        cash, securities, certificates 
                                        of deposit, mortgage loans or 
                                        interests therein, group or 
                                        index of securities, 
                                        certificates of deposit, or 
                                        mortgage loans or interests 
                                        therein (including any interest 
                                        therein or based on the value 
                                        thereof) or option on any of 
                                        the foregoing, including any 
                                        option to purchase or sell any 
                                        such security, certificate of 
                                        deposit, mortgage loan, 
                                        interest, group or index, or 
                                        option (whether or not the 
                                        settlement is in connection 
                                        with any agreement or 
                                        transaction referred to in any 
                                        of items (aa), (bb), and (dd) 
                                        through (kk));
                                            ``(dd) any margin loan;
                                            ``(ee) any extension of 
                                        credit for the clearance or 
                                        settlement of securities 
                                        transactions;
                                            ``(ff) any loan transaction 
                                        coupled with a securities 
                                        collar transaction, any prepaid 
                                        securities forward transaction, 
                                        or any total return swap 
                                        transaction coupled with a 
                                        securities sale transaction;
                                            ``(gg) any other agreement 
                                        or transaction that is similar 
                                        to any agreement or transaction 
                                        referred to in this subclause;
                                            ``(hh) any combination of 
                                        the agreements or transactions 
                                        referred to in this subclause;
                                            ``(ii) any option to enter 
                                        into any agreement or 
                                        transaction referred to in this 
                                        subclause;
                                            ``(jj) a master agreement 
                                        that provides for an agreement 
                                        or transaction referred to in 
                                        any of items (aa) through (ii), 
                                        together with all supplements 
                                        to any such master agreement, 
                                        without regard to whether the 
                                        master agreement provides for 
                                        an agreement or transaction 
                                        that is not a securities 
                                        contract under this subclause, 
                                        except that the master 
                                        agreement shall be considered 
                                        to be a securities contract 
                                        under this subclause only with 
                                        respect to each agreement or 
                                        transaction under the master 
                                        agreement that is referred to 
                                        in item (aa), (bb), (cc), (dd), 
                                        (ee), (ff), (gg), (hh), or 
                                        (ii); and
                                            ``(kk) any security 
                                        agreement or arrangement or 
                                        other credit enhancement 
                                        related to any agreement or 
                                        transaction referred to in this 
                                        subclause, including any 
                                        guarantee or reimbursement 
                                        obligation in connection with 
                                        any agreement or transaction 
                                        referred to in this subclause; 
                                        and
                                    ``(II) does not include any 
                                purchase, sale, or repurchase 
                                obligation under a participation in a 
                                commercial mortgage loan unless the 
                                Corporation determines by regulation, 
                                resolution, or order to include any 
                                such agreement within the meaning of 
                                such term.
                            ``(vii) Swap agreement.--The term `swap 
                        agreement' means--
                                    ``(I) any agreement, including the 
                                terms and conditions incorporated by 
                                reference in any such agreement, that 
                                is--
                                            ``(aa) an interest rate 
                                        swap, option, future, or 
                                        forward agreement, including a 
                                        rate floor, rate cap, rate 
                                        collar, cross-currency rate 
                                        swap, and basis swap;
                                            ``(bb) a spot, same day-
                                        tomorrow, tomorrow-next, 
                                        forward, or other foreign 
                                        exchange precious metals or 
                                        other commodity agreement;
                                            ``(cc) a currency swap, 
                                        option, future, or forward 
                                        agreement;
                                            ``(dd) an equity index or 
                                        equity swap, option, future, or 
                                        forward agreement;
                                            ``(ee) a debt index or debt 
                                        swap, option, future, or 
                                        forward agreement;
                                            ``(ff) a total return, 
                                        credit spread or credit swap, 
                                        option, future, or forward 
                                        agreement;
                                            ``(gg) a commodity index or 
                                        commodity swap, option, future, 
                                        or forward agreement;
                                            ``(hh) a weather swap, 
                                        option, future, or forward 
                                        agreement;
                                            ``(ii) an emissions swap, 
                                        option, future, or forward 
                                        agreement; or
                                            ``(jj) an inflation swap, 
                                        option, future, or forward 
                                        agreement;
                                    ``(II) any agreement or transaction 
                                that is similar to any other agreement 
                                or transaction referred to in this 
                                clause and that is of a type that has 
                                been, is presently, or in the future 
                                becomes, the subject of recurrent 
                                dealings in the swap or other 
                                derivatives markets (including terms 
                                and conditions incorporated by 
                                reference in such agreement) and that 
                                is a forward, swap, future, option or 
                                spot transaction on one or more rates, 
                                currencies, commodities, equity 
                                securities or other equity instruments, 
                                debt securities or other debt 
                                instruments, quantitative measures 
                                associated with an occurrence, extent 
                                of an occurrence, or contingency 
                                associated with a financial, 
                                commercial, or economic consequence, or 
                                economic or financial indices or 
                                measures of economic or financial risk 
                                or value;
                                    ``(III) any combination of 
                                agreements or transactions referred to 
                                in this clause;
                                    ``(IV) any option to enter into any 
                                agreement or transaction referred to in 
                                this clause;
                                    ``(V) a master agreement that 
                                provides for an agreement or 
                                transaction referred to in any of 
                                subclauses (I) through (IV), together 
                                with all supplements to any such master 
                                agreement, without regard to whether 
                                the master agreement contains an 
                                agreement or transaction that is not a 
                                swap agreement under this clause, 
                                except that the master agreement shall 
                                be considered to be a swap agreement 
                                under this clause only with respect to 
                                each agreement or transaction under the 
                                master agreement that is referred to in 
                                subclause (I), (II), (III), or (IV); 
                                and
                                    ``(VI) any security agreement or 
                                arrangement or other credit enhancement 
                                related to any agreements or 
                                transactions referred to in any of 
                                subclauses (I) through (V), including 
                                any guarantee or reimbursement 
                                obligation in connection with any 
                                agreement or transaction referred to in 
                                any such subclause.
                            ``(viii) Transfer.--The term `transfer' 
                        means every mode, direct or indirect, absolute 
                        or conditional, voluntary or involuntary, of 
                        disposing of or parting with property or with 
                        an interest in property, including retention of 
                        title as a security interest and foreclosure of 
                        the equity of redemption of a System 
                        institution.
                            ``(ix) Treatment of master agreement as 1 
                        agreement.--For purposes of this subparagraph--
                                    ``(I) any master agreement for any 
                                contract or agreement described in this 
                                subparagraph (or any master agreement 
                                for such a master agreement or 
                                agreements), together with all 
                                supplements to the master agreement, 
                                shall be treated as a single agreement 
                                and a single qualified financial 
                                contact; and
                                    ``(II) if a master agreement 
                                contains provisions relating to 
                                agreements or transactions that are not 
                                qualified financial contracts, the 
                                master agreement shall be deemed to be 
                                a qualified financial contract only 
                                with respect to those transactions that 
                                are themselves qualified financial 
                                contracts.
                    ``(B) Rights of parties to contracts.--Subject to 
                paragraphs (9) and (10), and notwithstanding any other 
                provision of this Act (other than subsection (b)(9) and 
                section 5.61(d)) or any other Federal or State law, no 
                person shall be stayed or prohibited from exercising--
                            ``(i) any right such person has to cause 
                        the termination, liquidation, or acceleration 
                        of any qualified financial contract with a 
                        System institution which arises upon the 
                        appointment of the Corporation as receiver for 
                        such System institution at any time after such 
                        appointment;
                            ``(ii) any right under any security 
                        agreement or arrangement or other credit 
                        enhancement related to one or more qualified 
                        financial contracts described in clause (i); or
                            ``(iii) any right to offset or net out any 
                        termination value, payment amount, or other 
                        transfer obligation arising under, or in 
                        connection with, 1 or more contracts and 
                        agreements described in clause (i), including 
                        any master agreement for such contracts or 
                        agreements.
                    ``(C) Applicability of other provisions.--
                Subsection (b)(12) shall apply in the case of any 
                judicial action or proceeding brought against any 
                receiver referred to in subparagraph (A), or the System 
                institution for which such receiver was appointed, by 
                any party to a contract or agreement described in 
                subparagraph (B)(i) with such System institution.
                    ``(D) Certain transfers not avoidable.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Notwithstanding 
                        paragraph (11) or any other Federal or State 
                        law relating to the avoidance of preferential 
                        or fraudulent transfers, the Corporation, 
                        whether acting as such or as conservator or 
                        receiver of a System institution, may not avoid 
                        any transfer of money or other property in 
                        connection with any qualified financial 
                        contract with a System institution.
                            ``(ii) Exception for certain transfers.--
                        Clause (i) shall not apply to any transfer of 
                        money or other property in connection with any 
                        qualified financial contract with a System 
                        institution if the Corporation determines that 
                        the transferee had actual intent to hinder, 
                        delay, or defraud such System institution, the 
                        creditors of such System institution, or any 
                        conservator or receiver appointed for such 
                        System institution.
                    ``(E) Certain protections in event of appointment 
                of conservator.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
                this Act (other than subparagraph (G), paragraph (10), 
                subsection (b)(9), and section 5.61(d)) or any other 
                Federal or State law, no person shall be stayed or 
                prohibited from exercising--
                            ``(i) any right such person has to cause 
                        the termination, liquidation, or acceleration 
                        of any qualified financial contract with a 
                        System institution in a conservatorship based 
                        upon a default under such financial contract 
                        which is enforceable under applicable 
                        noninsolvency law;
                            ``(ii) any right under any security 
                        agreement or arrangement or other credit 
                        enhancement related to one or more qualified 
                        financial contracts described in clause (i); 
                        and
                            ``(iii) any right to offset or net out any 
                        termination values, payment amounts, or other 
                        transfer obligations arising under or in 
                        connection with such qualified financial 
                        contracts.
                    ``(F) Clarification.--No provision of law shall be 
                construed as limiting the right or power of the 
                Corporation, or authorizing any court or agency to 
                limit or delay, in any manner, the right or power of 
                the Corporation to transfer any qualified financial 
                contract in accordance with paragraphs (9) and (10) or 
                to disaffirm or repudiate any such contract in 
                accordance with paragraph (1).
                    ``(G) Walkaway clauses not effective.--
                            ``(i) Definition of walkaway clause.--In 
                        this subparagraph, the term `walkaway clause' 
                        means any provision in a qualified financial 
                        contract that suspends, conditions, or 
                        extinguishes a payment obligation of a party, 
                        in whole or in part, or does not create a 
                        payment obligation of a party that would 
                        otherwise exist--
                                    ``(I) solely because of--
                                            ``(aa) the status of the 
                                        party as a nondefaulting party 
                                        in connection with the 
                                        insolvency of a System 
                                        institution that is a party to 
                                        the contract; or
                                            ``(bb) the appointment of, 
                                        or the exercise of rights or 
                                        powers by, the Corporation as a 
                                        conservator or receiver of the 
                                        System institution; and
                                    ``(II) not as a result of the 
                                exercise by a party of any right to 
                                offset, setoff, or net obligations that 
                                exist under--
                                            ``(aa) the contract;
                                            ``(bb) any other contract 
                                        between those parties; or
                                            ``(cc) applicable law.
                            ``(ii) Treatment.--Notwithstanding the 
                        provisions of subparagraphs (B) and (E), no 
                        walkaway clause shall be enforceable in a 
                        qualified financial contract of a System 
                        institution in default.
                            ``(iii) Limited suspension of certain 
                        obligations.--In the case of a qualified 
                        financial contract referred to in clause (ii), 
                        any payment or delivery obligations otherwise 
                        due from a party pursuant to the qualified 
                        financial contract shall be suspended from the 
                        time the receiver is appointed until the 
                        earlier of--
                                    ``(I) the time such party receives 
                                notice that such contract has been 
                                transferred pursuant to subparagraph 
                                (B); or
                                    ``(II) 5:00 p.m. (eastern time) on 
                                the business day following the date of 
                                the appointment of the receiver.
                    ``(H) Recordkeeping requirements.--The Corporation, 
                in consultation with the Farm Credit Administration, 
                may prescribe regulations requiring more detailed 
                recordkeeping by any System institution with respect to 
                qualified financial contracts (including market 
                valuations), only if such System institution is subject 
                to subclause (I), (III), or (IV) of section 
                5.61B(a)(1)(A)(ii).
            ``(9) Transfer of qualified financial contracts.--
                    ``(A) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
                            ``(i) Clearing organization.--The term 
                        `clearing organization' has the meaning given 
                        the term in section 402 of the Federal Deposit 
                        Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991 
                        (12 U.S.C. 4402).
                            ``(ii) Financial institution.--The term 
                        `financial institution' means a System 
                        institution, a broker or dealer, a depository 
                        institution, a futures commission merchant, or 
                        any other institution, as determined by the 
                        Corporation by regulation to be a financial 
                        institution.
                    ``(B) Requirement.--In making any transfer of 
                assets or liabilities of a System institution in 
                default which includes any qualified financial 
                contract, the conservator or receiver for such System 
                institution shall either--
                            ``(i) transfer to one financial 
                        institution, other than a financial institution 
                        for which a conservator, receiver, trustee in 
                        bankruptcy, or other legal custodian has been 
                        appointed, or that is otherwise the subject of 
                        a bankruptcy or insolvency proceeding--
                                    ``(I) all qualified financial 
                                contracts between any person or any 
                                affiliate of such person and the System 
                                institution in default;
                                    ``(II) all claims of such person or 
                                any affiliate of such person against 
                                such System institution under any such 
                                contract (other than any claim which, 
                                under the terms of any such contract, 
                                is subordinated to the claims of 
                                general unsecured creditors of such 
                                System institution);
                                    ``(III) all claims of such System 
                                institution against such person or any 
                                affiliate of such person under any such 
                                contract; and
                                    ``(IV) all property securing or any 
                                other credit enhancement for any 
                                contract described in subclause (I) or 
                                any claim described in subclause (II) 
                                or (III) under any such contract; or
                            ``(ii) transfer none of the qualified 
                        financial contracts, claims, property or other 
                        credit enhancement referred to in clause (i) 
                        (with respect to such person and any affiliate 
                        of such person).
                    ``(C) Transfer to foreign bank, foreign financial 
                institution, or branch or agency of a foreign bank or 
                financial institution.--In transferring any qualified 
                financial contracts and related claims and property 
                under subparagraph (B)(i), the conservator or receiver 
                for the System institution shall not make such transfer 
                to a foreign bank, financial institution organized 
                under the laws of a foreign country, or a branch or 
                agency of a foreign bank or financial institution 
                unless, under the law applicable to such bank, 
                financial institution, branch or agency, to the 
                qualified financial contracts, and to any netting 
                contract, any security agreement or arrangement or 
                other credit enhancement related to one or more 
                qualified financial contracts, the contractual rights 
                of the parties to such qualified financial contracts, 
                netting contracts, security agreements or arrangements, 
                or other credit enhancements are enforceable 
                substantially to the same extent as permitted under 
                this section.
                    ``(D) Transfer of contracts subject to the rules of 
                a clearing organization.--In the event that a 
                conservator or receiver transfers any qualified 
                financial contract and related claims, property, and 
                credit enhancements pursuant to subparagraph (B)(i) and 
                such contract is cleared by or subject to the rules of 
                a clearing organization, the clearing organization 
                shall not be required to accept the transferee as a 
                member by virtue of the transfer.
            ``(10) Notification of transfer.--
                    ``(A) Definition of business day.--In this 
                paragraph, the term `business day' means any day other 
                than any Saturday, Sunday, or any day on which either 
                the New York Stock Exchange or the Federal Reserve Bank 
                of New York is closed.
                    ``(B) Notification.--If--
                            ``(i) the conservator or receiver for a 
                        System institution in default makes any 
                        transfer of the assets and liabilities of such 
                        System institution; and
                            ``(ii) the transfer includes any qualified 
                        financial contract, the conservator or receiver 
                        shall notify any person who is a party to any 
                        such contract of such transfer by 5:00 p.m. 
                        (eastern time) on the business day following 
                        the date of the appointment of the receiver in 
                        the case of a receivership, or the business day 
                        following such transfer in the case of a 
                        conservatorship.
                    ``(C) Certain rights not enforceable.--
                            ``(i) Receivership.--A person who is a 
                        party to a qualified financial contract with a 
                        System institution may not exercise any right 
                        that such person has to terminate, liquidate, 
                        or net such contract under paragraph (8)(B) of 
                        this subsection, solely by reason of or 
                        incidental to the appointment of a receiver for 
                        the System institution (or the insolvency or 
                        financial condition of the System institution 
                        for which the receiver has been appointed)--
                                    ``(I) until 5:00 p.m. (eastern 
                                time) on the business day following the 
                                date of the appointment of the 
                                receiver; or
                                    ``(II) after the person has 
                                received notice that the contract has 
                                been transferred pursuant to paragraph 
                                (9)(B).
                            ``(ii) Conservatorship.--A person who is a 
                        party to a qualified financial contract with a 
                        System institution may not exercise any right 
                        that such person has to terminate, liquidate, 
                        or net such contract under paragraph (8)(E) of 
                        this subsection, solely by reason of or 
                        incidental to the appointment of a conservator 
                        for the System institution (or the insolvency 
                        or financial condition of the System 
                        institution for which the conservator has been 
                        appointed).
                            ``(iii) Notice.--For purposes of this 
                        paragraph, the Corporation as receiver or 
                        conservator of a System institution shall be 
                        deemed to have notified a person who is a party 
                        to a qualified financial contract with such 
                        System institution if the Corporation has taken 
                        steps reasonably calculated to provide notice 
                        to such person by the time specified in 
                        subparagraph (B).
                    ``(D) Treatment of bridge system institutions.--The 
                following System institutions shall not be considered 
                to be a financial institution for which a conservator, 
                receiver, trustee in bankruptcy, or other legal 
                custodian has been appointed or which is otherwise the 
                subject of a bankruptcy or insolvency proceeding for 
                purposes of paragraph (9):
                            ``(i) A bridge System bank.
                            ``(ii) A System institution organized by 
                        the Corporation or the Farm Credit 
                        Administration, for which a conservator is 
                        appointed either--
                                    ``(I) immediately upon the 
                                organization of the System institution; 
                                or
                                    ``(II) at the time of a purchase 
                                and assumption transaction between the 
                                System institution and the Corporation 
                                as receiver for a System institution in 
                                default.
            ``(11) Disaffirmance or repudiation of qualified financial 
        contracts.--In exercising the rights of disaffirmance or 
        repudiation of a conservator or receiver with respect to any 
        qualified financial contract to which a System institution is a 
        party, the conservator or receiver for such System institution 
        shall either--
                    ``(A) disaffirm or repudiate all qualified 
                financial contracts between--
                            ``(i) any person or any affiliate of such 
                        person; and
                            ``(ii) the System institution in default; 
                        or
                    ``(B) disaffirm or repudiate none of the qualified 
                financial contracts referred to in subparagraph (A) 
                (with respect to such person or any affiliate of such 
                person).
            ``(12) Certain security interests not avoidable.--No 
        provision of this subsection shall be construed as permitting 
        the avoidance of any legally enforceable or perfected security 
        interest in any of the assets of any System institution except 
        where such an interest is taken in contemplation of the System 
        institution's insolvency or with the intent to hinder, delay, 
        or defraud the System institution or the creditors of such 
        System institution.
            ``(13) Authority to enforce contracts.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The conservator or receiver may 
                enforce any contract, other than a director's or 
                officer's liability insurance contract or a System 
                institution bond, entered into by the System 
                institution notwithstanding any provision of the 
                contract providing for termination, default, 
                acceleration, or exercise of rights upon, or solely by 
                reason of, insolvency or the appointment of or the 
                exercise of rights or powers by a conservator or 
                receiver.
                    ``(B) Certain rights not affected.--No provision of 
                this paragraph may be construed as impairing or 
                affecting any right of the conservator or receiver to 
                enforce or recover under a director's or officer's 
                liability insurance contract or institution bond under 
                other applicable law.
                    ``(C) Consent requirement.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as otherwise 
                        provided by this section, no person may 
                        exercise any right or power to terminate, 
                        accelerate, or declare a default under any 
                        contract to which the System institution is a 
                        party, or to obtain possession of or exercise 
                        control over any property of the System 
                        institution or affect any contractual rights of 
                        the System institution, without the consent of 
                        the conservator or receiver, as appropriate, 
                        during the 45-day period beginning on the date 
                        of the appointment of the conservator, or 
                        during the 90-day period beginning on the date 
                        of the appointment of the receiver, as 
                        applicable.
                            ``(ii) Certain exceptions.--No provision of 
                        this subparagraph shall apply to a director or 
                        officer liability insurance contract or an 
                        institution bond, to the rights of parties to 
                        certain qualified financial contracts pursuant 
                        to paragraph (8), or shall be construed as 
                        permitting the conservator or receiver to fail 
                        to comply with otherwise enforceable provisions 
                        of such contract.
            ``(14) Exception for federal reserve and the united states 
        treasury.--No provision of this subsection shall apply with 
        respect to--
                    ``(A) any extension of credit from any Federal 
                Reserve bank or the United States Treasury to any 
                System institution; or
                    ``(B) any security interest in the assets of the 
                System institution securing any such extension of 
                credit.
            ``(15) Savings clause.--The meanings of terms used in this 
        subsection--
                    ``(A) are applicable for purposes of this 
                subsection only; and
                    ``(B) shall not be construed or applied so as to 
                challenge or affect the characterization, definition, 
                or treatment of any similar terms under any other law, 
                regulation, or rule, including--
                            ``(i) the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (12 U.S.C. 
                        1811 note; Public Law 106-102);
                            ``(ii) the Legal Certainty for Bank 
                        Products Act of 2000 (7 U.S.C. 27 et seq.);
                            ``(iii) the securities laws (as that term 
                        is defined in section 3(a) of the Securities 
                        Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78c(a))); and
                            ``(iv) the Commodity Exchange Act (7 U.S.C. 
                        1 et seq.).
    ``(d) Valuation of Claims in Default.--
            ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        Federal law or the law of any State and regardless of the 
        method which the Corporation determines to utilize with respect 
        to a System institution in default or in danger of default, 
        including transactions authorized under subsection (h) and 
        section 5.61(a), this subsection shall govern the rights of the 
        creditors of such System institution.
            ``(2) Maximum liability.--The maximum liability of the 
        Corporation, acting as receiver or in any other capacity, to 
        any person having a claim against the receiver or the System 
        institution for which such receiver is appointed shall equal 
        the amount such claimant would have received if the Corporation 
        had liquidated the assets and liabilities of such System 
        institution without exercising the Corporation's authority 
        under subsection (h) or section 5.61(a).
            ``(3) Additional payments authorized.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Corporation may, in its 
                discretion and in the interests of minimizing its 
                losses, use its own resources to make additional 
                payments or credit additional amounts to or with 
                respect to or for the account of any claimant or 
                category of claimants. Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of Federal or State law, or the constitution 
                of any State, the Corporation shall not be obligated, 
                as a result of having made any such payment or credited 
                any such amount to or with respect to or for the 
                account of any claimant or category of claimants, to 
                make payments to any other claimant or category of 
                claimants.
                    ``(B) Manner of payment.--The Corporation may make 
                the payments or credit the amounts specified in 
                subparagraph (A) directly to the claimants or may make 
                such payments or credit such amounts to an open System 
                institution to induce such System institution to accept 
                liability for such claims.
    ``(e) Limitation on Court Action.--Except as provided in this 
section, no court may take any action, except at the written request of 
the Board of Directors, to restrain or affect the exercise of powers or 
functions of the Corporation as a conservator or a receiver.
    ``(f) Liability of Directors and Officers.--
            ``(1) In general.--A director or officer of a System 
        institution may be held personally liable for monetary damages 
        in any civil action--
                    ``(A) brought by, on behalf of, or at the request 
                or direction of the Corporation;
                    ``(B) prosecuted wholly or partially for the 
                benefit of the Corporation--
                            ``(i) acting as conservator or receiver of 
                        that System institution;
                            ``(ii) acting based on a suit, claim, or 
                        cause of action purchased from, assigned by, or 
                        otherwise conveyed by that receiver or 
                        conservator; or
                            ``(iii) acting based on a suit, claim, or 
                        cause of action purchased from, assigned by, or 
                        otherwise conveyed in whole or in part by a 
                        System institution or an affiliate of a System 
                        institution in connection with assistance 
                        provided under section 5.61(a); and
                    ``(C) for, as determined under the applicable State 
                law--
                            ``(i) gross negligence; or
                            ``(ii) any similar conduct, including 
                        conduct that demonstrates a greater disregard 
                        of a duty of care than gross negligence, such 
                        as intentional tortious conduct.
            ``(2) Effect.--Nothing in paragraph (1) impairs or affects 
        any right of the Corporation under any other applicable law.
    ``(g) Damages.--In any proceeding related to any claim against a 
System institution's director, officer, employee, agent, attorney, 
accountant, appraiser, or any other party employed by or providing 
services to a System institution, recoverable damages determined to 
result from the improvident or otherwise improper use or investment of 
any System institution's assets shall include principal losses and 
appropriate interest.
    ``(h) Bridge Farm Credit System Banks.--
            ``(1) Organization.--
                    ``(A) Purpose.--
                            ``(i) In general.--When 1 or more System 
                        banks are in default, or when the Corporation 
                        anticipates that 1 or more System banks may 
                        become in default, the Corporation may, in its 
                        discretion, organize, and the Farm Credit 
                        Administration may, in its discretion, charter, 
                        1 or more System banks, with the powers and 
                        attributes of System banks, subject to the 
                        provisions of this subsection, to be referred 
                        to as `bridge System banks'.
                            ``(ii) Intent of congress.--It is the 
                        intent of the Congress that, in order to 
                        prevent unnecessary hardship or losses to the 
                        customers of any System bank in default with 
                        respect to which a bridge System bank is 
                        chartered, the Corporation should--
                                    ``(I) continue to honor commitments 
                                made by the System bank in default to 
                                creditworthy customers; and
                                    ``(II) not interrupt or terminate 
                                adequately secured loans which are 
                                transferred under this subsection and 
                                are being repaid by the debtor in 
                                accordance with the terms of the loan 
                                instrument.
                    ``(B) Authorities.--Once chartered by the Farm 
                Credit Administration, the bridge System bank may--
                            ``(i) assume such liabilities of the System 
                        bank or banks in default or in danger of 
                        default as the Corporation may, in its 
                        discretion, determine to be appropriate;
                            ``(ii) purchase such assets of the System 
                        bank or banks in default or in danger of 
                        default as the Corporation may, in its 
                        discretion, determine to be appropriate; and
                            ``(iii) perform any other temporary 
                        function which the Corporation may, in its 
                        discretion, prescribe in accordance with this 
                        Act.
                    ``(C) Articles of association.--The articles of 
                association and organization certificate of a bridge 
                System bank as approved by the Corporation shall be 
                executed by 3 representatives designated by the 
                Corporation.
                    ``(D) Interim directors.--A bridge System bank 
                shall have an interim board of directors consisting of 
                not fewer than 5 nor more than 10 members appointed by 
                the Corporation.
            ``(2) Chartering.--
                    ``(A) Conditions.--The Farm Credit Administration 
                may charter a bridge System bank only if the Board of 
                Directors determines that--
                            ``(i) the amount which is reasonably 
                        necessary to operate such bridge System bank 
                        will not exceed the amount which is reasonably 
                        necessary to save the cost of liquidating 1 or 
                        more System banks in default or in danger of 
                        default with respect to which the bridge System 
                        bank is chartered;
                            ``(ii) the continued operation of such 
                        System bank or banks in default or in danger of 
                        default with respect to which the bridge System 
                        bank is chartered is essential to provide 
                        adequate farm credit services in the 1 or more 
                        communities where each such System bank in 
                        default or in danger of default is or was 
                        providing those farm credit services; or
                            ``(iii) the continued operation of such 
                        System bank or banks in default or in danger of 
                        default with respect to which the bridge System 
                        bank is chartered is in the best interest of 
                        the Farm Credit System or the public.
                    ``(B) Bridge system bank treated as being in 
                default for certain purposes.--A bridge System bank 
                shall be treated as being in default at such times and 
                for such purposes as the Corporation may, in its 
                discretion, determine.
                    ``(C) Management.--A bridge System bank, upon the 
                granting of its charter, shall be under the management 
                of a board of directors consisting of not fewer than 5 
                nor more than 10 members appointed by the Corporation, 
                in consultation with the Farm Credit Administration.
                    ``(D) Bylaws.--The board of directors of a bridge 
                System bank shall adopt such bylaws as may be approved 
                by the Corporation.
            ``(3) Transfer of assets and liabilities.--
                    ``(A) Transfer upon grant of charter.--Upon the 
                granting of a charter to a bridge System bank pursuant 
                to this subsection, the Corporation, as receiver, may 
                transfer any assets and liabilities of the System bank 
                to the bridge System bank in accordance with paragraph 
                (1).
                    ``(B) Subsequent transfers.--At any time after a 
                charter is granted to a bridge System bank, the 
                Corporation, as receiver, may transfer any assets and 
                liabilities of such System bank in default as the 
                Corporation may, in its discretion, determine to be 
                appropriate in accordance with paragraph (1).
                    ``(C) Effective without approval.--The transfer of 
                any assets or liabilities of a System bank in default 
                or danger of default transferred to a bridge System 
                bank shall be effective without any further approval 
                under Federal or State law, assignment, or consent with 
                respect thereto.
            ``(4) Powers of bridge system banks.--Each bridge System 
        bank chartered under this subsection shall, to the extent 
        described in the charter of the System bank in default with 
        respect to which the bridge System bank is chartered, have all 
        corporate powers of, and be subject to the same provisions of 
        law as, any System bank, except that--
                    ``(A) the Corporation may--
                            ``(i) remove the interim directors and 
                        directors of a bridge System bank;
                            ``(ii) fix the compensation of members of 
                        the interim board of directors and the board of 
                        directors and senior management, as determined 
                        by the Corporation in its discretion, of a 
                        bridge System bank; and
                            ``(iii) waive any requirement established 
                        under Federal or State law which would 
                        otherwise be applicable with respect to 
                        directors of a bridge System bank, on the 
                        condition that the waiver of any requirement 
                        established by the Farm Credit Administration 
                        shall require the concurrence of the Farm 
                        Credit Administration;
                    ``(B) the Corporation may indemnify the 
                representatives for purposes of paragraph (1)(B) and 
                the interim directors, directors, officers, employees, 
                and agents of a bridge System bank on such terms as the 
                Corporation determines to be appropriate;
                    ``(C) no requirement under any provision of law 
                relating to the capital of a System institution shall 
                apply with respect to a bridge System bank;
                    ``(D) the Farm Credit Administration Board may 
                establish a limitation on the extent to which any 
                person may become indebted to a bridge System bank 
                without regard to the amount of the bridge System 
                bank's capital or surplus;
                    ``(E)(i) the board of directors of a bridge System 
                bank shall elect a chairperson who may also serve in 
                the position of chief executive officer, except that 
                such person shall not serve either as chairperson or as 
                chief executive officer without the prior approval of 
                the Corporation; and
                    ``(ii) the board of directors of a bridge System 
                bank may appoint a chief executive officer who is not 
                also the chairperson, except that such person shall not 
                serve as chief executive officer without the prior 
                approval of the Corporation;
                    ``(F) the Farm Credit Administration may waive any 
                requirement for a fidelity bond with respect to a 
                bridge System bank at the request of the Corporation;
                    ``(G) any judicial action to which a bridge System 
                bank becomes a party by virtue of its acquisition of 
                any assets or assumption of any liabilities of a System 
                bank in default shall be stayed from further 
                proceedings for a period of up to 45 days at the 
                request of the bridge System bank;
                    ``(H) no agreement which tends to diminish or 
                defeat the right, title or interest of a bridge System 
                bank in any asset of a System bank in default acquired 
                by it shall be valid against the bridge System bank 
                unless such agreement--
                            ``(i) is in writing;
                            ``(ii) was executed by such System bank in 
                        default and the person or persons claiming an 
                        adverse interest thereunder, including the 
                        obligor, contemporaneously with the acquisition 
                        of the asset by such System bank in default;
                            ``(iii) was approved by the board of 
                        directors of such System bank in default or its 
                        loan committee, which approval shall be 
                        reflected in the minutes of said board or 
                        committee; and
                            ``(iv) has been, continuously from the time 
                        of its execution, an official record of such 
                        System bank in default;
                    ``(I) notwithstanding subsection 5.61(d)(2), any 
                agreement relating to an extension of credit between a 
                System bank, Federal Reserve bank, or the United States 
                Treasury and any System institution which was executed 
                before the extension of credit by such lender to such 
                System institution shall be treated as having been 
                executed contemporaneously with such extension of 
                credit for purposes of subparagraph (H); and
                    ``(J) except with the prior approval of the 
                Corporation and the concurrence of the Farm Credit 
                Administration, a bridge System bank may not, in any 
                transaction or series of transactions, issue capital 
                stock or be a party to any merger, consolidation, 
                disposition of substantially all of the assets or 
                liabilities of the bridge System bank, sale or exchange 
                of capital stock, or similar transaction, or change its 
                charter.
            ``(5) Capital.--
                    ``(A) No capital required.--The Corporation shall 
                not be required to--
                            ``(i) issue any capital stock on behalf of 
                        a bridge System bank chartered under this 
                        subsection; or
                            ``(ii) purchase any capital stock of a 
                        bridge System bank, except that notwithstanding 
                        any other provision of Federal or State law, 
                        the Corporation may purchase and retain capital 
                        stock of a bridge System bank in such amounts 
                        and on such terms as the Corporation, in its 
                        discretion, determines to be appropriate.
                    ``(B) Operating funds in lieu of capital.--Upon the 
                organization of a bridge System bank, and thereafter, 
                as the Corporation may, in its discretion, determine to 
                be necessary or advisable, the Corporation may make 
                available to the bridge System bank, upon such terms 
                and conditions and in such form and amounts as the 
                Corporation may in its discretion determine, funds for 
                the operation of the bridge System bank in lieu of 
                capital.
                    ``(C) Authority to issue capital stock.--Whenever 
                the Farm Credit Administration Board determines it is 
                advisable to do so, the Corporation shall cause capital 
                stock of a bridge System bank to be issued and offered 
                for sale in such amounts and on such terms and 
                conditions as the Corporation may, in its discretion, 
                determine.
            ``(6) Employee status.--Representatives for purposes of 
        paragraph (1)(C), interim directors, directors, officers, 
        employees, or agents of a bridge System bank are not, solely by 
        virtue of service in any such capacity, officers or employees 
        of the United States. Any employee of the Corporation, the Farm 
        Credit Administration, or any Federal instrumentality who 
        serves at the request of the Corporation as a representative 
        for purposes of paragraph (1)(C), interim director, director, 
        officer, employee, or agent of a bridge System bank shall not--
                    ``(A) solely by virtue of service in any such 
                capacity lose any existing status as an officer or 
                employee of the United States for purposes of any 
                provision of law; or
                    ``(B) receive any salary or benefits for service in 
                any such capacity with respect to a bridge System bank 
                in addition to such salary or benefits as are obtained 
                through employment with the Corporation or such Federal 
                instrumentality.
            ``(7) Assistance authorized.--The Corporation may, in its 
        discretion, provide assistance under section 5.61(a) to 
        facilitate any merger or consolidation of a bridge System bank 
        in the same manner and to the same extent as such assistance 
        may be provided to a qualifying insured System bank (as defined 
        in section 5.61(a)(2)(B)) or to facilitate a bridge System 
        bank's acquisition of any assets or the assumption of any 
        liabilities of a System bank in default or in danger of 
        default.
            ``(8) Duration of bridge system banks.--Subject to 
        paragraphs (10) and (11), the status of a bridge System bank as 
        such shall terminate at the end of the 2-year period following 
        the date it was granted a charter. The Farm Credit 
        Administration Board may, in its discretion, extend the status 
        of the bridge System bank as such for 3 additional 1-year 
        periods.
            ``(9) Termination of bridge system banks status.--The 
        status of any bridge System bank as such shall terminate upon 
        the earliest of--
                    ``(A) the merger or consolidation of the bridge 
                System bank with a System institution that is not a 
                bridge System bank, on the condition that the merger or 
                consolidation shall be subject to the approval of the 
                Farm Credit Administration;
                    ``(B) at the election of the Corporation and with 
                the approval of the Farm Credit Administration, the 
                sale of a majority or all of the capital stock of the 
                bridge System bank to a System institution or another 
                bridge System bank;
                    ``(C) at the election of the Corporation, and with 
                the approval of the Farm Credit Administration, either 
                the assumption of all or substantially all of the 
                liabilities of the bridge System bank, or the 
                acquisition of all or substantially all of the assets 
                of the bridge System bank, by a System institution that 
                is not a bridge System bank or other entity as 
                permitted under applicable law; and
                    ``(D) the expiration of the period provided in 
                paragraph (8), or the earlier dissolution of the bridge 
                System bank as provided in paragraph (11).
            ``(10) Effect of termination events.--
                    ``(A) Merger or consolidation.--A bridge System 
                bank that participates in a merger or consolidation as 
                provided in paragraph (9)(A) shall be for all purposes 
                a System institution, with all the rights, powers, and 
                privileges thereof, and such merger or consolidation 
                shall be conducted in accordance with, and shall have 
                the effect provided in, the provisions of applicable 
                law.
                    ``(B) Charter conversion.--Following the sale of a 
                majority or all of the capital stock of the bridge 
                System bank as provided in paragraph (9)(B), the Farm 
                Credit Administration Board may amend the charter of 
                the bridge System bank to reflect the termination of 
                the status of the bridge System bank as such, whereupon 
                the System bank shall remain a System bank, with all of 
                the rights, powers, and privileges thereof, subject to 
                all laws and regulations applicable thereto.
                    ``(C) Assumption of liabilities and sale of 
                assets.--Following the assumption of all or 
                substantially all of the liabilities of the bridge 
                System bank, or the sale of all or substantially all of 
                the assets of the bridge System bank, as provided in 
                paragraph (9)(C), at the election of the Corporation, 
                the bridge System bank may retain its status as such 
                for the period provided in paragraph (8).
                    ``(D) Amendments to charter.--Following the 
                consummation of a transaction described in subparagraph 
                (A), (B), or (C) of paragraph (9), the charter of the 
                resulting System institution shall be amended by the 
                Farm Credit Administration to reflect the termination 
                of bridge System bank status, if appropriate.
            ``(11) Dissolution of bridge system bank.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of State or Federal law, if the bridge System 
                bank's status as such has not previously been 
                terminated by the occurrence of an event specified in 
                subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of paragraph (9)--
                            ``(i) the Corporation, after consultation 
                        with the Farm Credit Administration, may, in 
                        its discretion, dissolve a bridge System bank 
                        in accordance with this paragraph at any time; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) the Corporation, after consultation 
                        with the Farm Credit Administration, shall 
                        promptly commence dissolution proceedings in 
                        accordance with this paragraph upon the 
                        expiration of the 2-year period following the 
                        date the bridge System bank was chartered, or 
                        any extension thereof, as provided in paragraph 
                        (8).
                    ``(B) Procedures.--The Farm Credit Administration 
                Board shall appoint the Corporation as receiver for a 
                bridge System bank upon determining to dissolve the 
                bridge System bank. The Corporation as such receiver 
                shall wind up the affairs of the bridge System bank in 
                conformity with the provisions of law relating to the 
                liquidation of closed System banks. With respect to any 
                such bridge System bank, the Corporation as such 
                receiver shall have all the rights, powers, and 
                privileges and shall perform the duties related to the 
                exercise of such rights, powers, or privileges granted 
                by law to a receiver of any insured System bank and, 
                notwithstanding any other provision of law in the 
                exercise of such rights, powers, and privileges, the 
                Corporation shall not be subject to the direction or 
                supervision of any State agency or other Federal 
                agency.
            ``(12) Multiple bridge system banks.--The Corporation may, 
        in the Corporation's discretion, organize, and the Farm Credit 
        Administration may, in its discretion, charter, 2 or more 
        bridge System banks under this subsection to assume any 
        liabilities and purchase any assets of a single System 
        institution in default.
    ``(i) Certain Sales of Assets Prohibited.--
            ``(1) Persons who engaged in improper conduct with, or 
        caused losses to, system institutions.--The Corporation shall 
        prescribe regulations which, at a minimum, shall prohibit the 
        sale of assets of a failed System institution by the 
        Corporation to--
                    ``(A) any person who--
                            ``(i) has defaulted, or was a member of a 
                        partnership or an officer or director of a 
                        corporation that has defaulted, on 1 or more 
                        obligations the aggregate amount of which 
                        exceed $1,000,000, to such failed System 
                        institution;
                            ``(ii) has been found to have engaged in 
                        fraudulent activity in connection with any 
                        obligation referred to in clause (i); and
                            ``(iii) proposes to purchase any such asset 
                        in whole or in part through the use of the 
                        proceeds of a loan or advance of credit from 
                        the Corporation or from any System institution 
                        for which the Corporation has been appointed as 
                        conservator or receiver;
                    ``(B) any person who participated, as an officer or 
                director of such failed System institution or of any 
                affiliate of such System institution, in a material way 
                in transactions that resulted in a substantial loss to 
                such failed System institution;
                    ``(C) any person who has been removed from, or 
                prohibited from participating in the affairs of, such 
                failed System institution pursuant to any final 
                enforcement action by the Farm Credit Administration;
                    ``(D) any person who has demonstrated a pattern or 
                practice of defalcation regarding obligations to such 
                failed System institution; or
                    ``(E) any person who is in default on any loan or 
                other extension of credit from such failed System 
                institution which, if not paid, will cause substantial 
                loss to the System institution or the Corporation.
            ``(2) Defaulted debtors.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (3), any person who is in default on any loan or other 
        extension of credit from the System institution, which, if not 
        paid, will cause substantial loss to the System institution or 
        the Corporation, may not purchase any asset from the 
        conservator or receiver.
            ``(3) Settlement of claims.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply 
        to the sale or transfer by the Corporation of any asset of any 
        System institution to any person if the sale or transfer of the 
        asset resolves or settles, or is part of the resolution or 
        settlement, of--
                    ``(A) 1 or more claims that have been, or could 
                have been, asserted by the Corporation against the 
                person; or
                    ``(B) obligations owed by the person to any System 
                institution, or the Corporation.
            ``(4) Definition of default.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, the term `default' means a failure to comply with 
        the terms of a loan or other obligation to such an extent that 
        the property securing the obligation is foreclosed upon.
    ``(j) Expedited Procedures for Certain Claims.--
            ``(1) Time for filing notice of appeal.--The notice of 
        appeal of any order, whether interlocutory or final, entered in 
        any case brought by the Corporation against a System 
        institution's director, officer, employee, agent, attorney, 
        accountant, or appraiser or any other person employed by or 
        providing services to a System institution shall be filed not 
        later than 30 days after the date of entry of the order. The 
        hearing of the appeal shall be held not later than 120 days 
        after the date of the notice of appeal. The appeal shall be 
        decided not later than 180 days after the date of the notice of 
        appeal.
            ``(2) Scheduling.--A court of the United States shall 
        expedite the consideration of any case brought by the 
        Corporation against a System institution's director, officer, 
        employee, agent, attorney, accountant, or appraiser or any 
        other person employed by or providing services to a System 
        institution. As far as practicable the court shall give such 
        case priority on its docket.
            ``(3) Judicial discretion.--The court may modify the 
        schedule and limitations stated in paragraphs (1) and (2) in a 
        particular case, based on a specific finding that the ends of 
        justice that would be served by making such a modification 
        would outweigh the best interest of the public in having the 
        case resolved expeditiously.
    ``(k) Bond Not Required; Agents; Fee.--The Corporation as 
conservator or receiver of a System institution shall not be required 
to furnish bond and may appoint an agent or agents to assist in its 
duties as such conservator or receiver. All fees, compensation, and 
expenses of liquidation and administration shall be fixed by the 
Corporation and may be paid by it out of funds coming into its 
possession as such conservator or receiver.
    ``(l) Consultation Regarding Conservatorships and Receiverships.--
To the extent practicable--
            ``(1) the Farm Credit Administration shall consult with the 
        Corporation prior to taking a preresolution action concerning a 
        System institution that may result in a conservatorship or 
        receivership; and
            ``(2) the Corporation, acting in the capacity of the 
        Corporation as a conservator or receiver, shall consult with 
        the Farm Credit Administration prior to taking any significant 
        action impacting System institutions or service to System 
        borrowers.
    ``(m) Applicability.--This section shall become applicable with 
respect to the power of the Corporation to act as a conservator or 
receiver on the date on which the Farm Credit Administration appoints 
the Corporation as a conservator or receiver under section 4.12 or 
8.41.''.

SEC. 5409. REPORTING.

    (a) Definition of Farm Loan.--In this section, the term ``farm 
loan'' means--
            (1) a farm ownership loan under subtitle A of the 
        Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1922 et 
        seq.); and
            (2) an operating loan under subtitle B of that Act (7 
        U.S.C. 1941 et seq.).
    (b) Reports.--
            (1) Preparation.--For each fiscal year, the Secretary shall 
        prepare a report that includes--
                    (A) aggregate data based on a review of each 
                outstanding farm loan made or guaranteed by the 
                Secretary describing, for the United States and for 
                each State and county in the United States--
                            (i) the age of the recipient producer;
                            (ii) the duration that the recipient 
                        producer has engaged in agricultural 
                        production;
                            (iii) the size of the farm or ranch of the 
                        recipient producer;
                            (iv) the race, ethnicity, and gender of the 
                        recipient producer;
                            (v) the agricultural commodity or 
                        commodities, or type of enterprise, for which 
                        the loan was secured;
                            (vi) the amount of the farm loan made or 
                        guaranteed;
                            (vii) the type of the farm loan made or 
                        guaranteed; and
                            (viii) the default rate of the farm loan 
                        made or guaranteed;
                    (B) for each State and county in the United States, 
                data demonstrating the number of outstanding farm loans 
                made or guaranteed, according to loan size cohort; and
                    (C) an assessment of actual loans made or 
                guaranteed as measured against target participation 
                rates for beginning and socially disadvantaged farmers, 
                broken down by State, as described in sections 
                346(b)(2) and 355 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
                Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1994(b)(2), 2003).
            (2) Submission of report.--The report described in 
        paragraph (1) shall be--
                    (A) submitted--
                            (i) to--
                                    (I) the Committee on Agriculture of 
                                the House of Representatives;
                                    (II) the Committee on 
                                Appropriations of the House of 
                                Representatives;
                                    (III) the Committee on Agriculture, 
                                Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate; 
                                and
                                    (IV) the Committee on 
                                Appropriations of the Senate; and
                            (ii) not later than December 30, 2018, and 
                        annually thereafter; and
                    (B) made publically available not later than 90 
                days after the date described in subparagraph (A)(ii).
    (c) Comprehensive Review.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 4 years after the date of 
        enactment of this Act (and every 5 years thereafter), the 
        Secretary shall--
                    (A) prepare a comprehensive review of all reports 
                submitted under subsection (b)(2);
                    (B) identify trends within data outlined in 
                subsection (b)(1), including the extent to which target 
                annual participation rates for beginning and socially 
                disadvantaged farmers (as defined by the Secretary) are 
                being met for each loan type; and
                    (C) provide specific actions the Department will 
                take to improve the performance of direct and 
                guaranteed loans with respect to underserved producers 
                and any recommendations the Secretary may make for 
                further congressional action.
            (2) Submission of comprehensive review.--The comprehensive 
        review described in paragraph (1) shall be--
                    (A) submitted to--
                            (i) the Committee on Agriculture of the 
                        House of Representatives;
                            (ii) the Committee on Appropriations of the 
                        House of Representatives;
                            (iii) the Committee on Agriculture, 
                        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate; and
                            (iv) the Committee on Appropriations of the 
                        Senate; and
                    (B) made publicly available not later than 90 days 
                after the date of submission under subparagraph (A).
    (d) Privacy.--In preparing any report or review under this section, 
the Secretary shall aggregate or de-identify the data in a manner 
sufficient to ensure that the identity of a recipient producer 
associated with the data cannot be ascertained.

SEC. 5410. SENSE OF THE SENATE.

    It is the sense of the Senate that --
            (1) sections 346 and 355 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
        Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1994, 2003) reserve amounts to 
        incentivize participation in Farm Service Agency loan programs 
        for qualified beginning farmers and ranchers and socially 
        disadvantaged farmers;
            (2) under current law--
                    (A) for direct loans, 75 percent of the funding for 
                farm ownership loans and 50 percent of operating loans 
                are reserved for the first 11 months of the fiscal 
                year; and
                    (B) for guaranteed loans, 40 percent of available 
                funding is reserved for ownership loans and farm 
                operating loans for the first \1/2\ of the fiscal year; 
                and
            (3) all participants of the Farm Service Agency loan 
        programs should strive to encourage beginning farmers and 
        ranchers and socially disadvantaged farmers to use Farm Service 
        Agency loans.

                      TITLE VI--RURAL DEVELOPMENT

        Subtitle A--Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act

SEC. 6101. WATER, WASTE DISPOSAL, AND WASTEWATER FACILITY GRANTS.

    Section 306(a)(2)(B) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(2)(B)) is amended--
            (1) in clause (iii), by striking ``$100,000'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``$200,000''; and
            (2) in clause (vii), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''.

SEC. 6102. RURAL WATER AND WASTEWATER TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND TRAINING 
              PROGRAMS.

    Section 306(a)(14) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(14)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A)--
                    (A) in clause (ii), by striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (B) in clause (iii), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(iv) identify options to enhance the 
                        long-term sustainability of rural water and 
                        waste systems, including operational practices, 
                        revenue enhancements, policy revisions, 
                        partnerships, consolidation, regionalization, 
                        or contract services.'';
            (2) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
        following:
                    ``(B) Selection priority.--In selecting recipients 
                of grants to be made under subparagraph (A), the 
                Secretary shall give priority to--
                            ``(i) private nonprofit organizations that 
                        have experience in providing the technical 
                        assistance and training described in 
                        subparagraph (A) to associations serving rural 
                        areas in which residents have low income and in 
                        which water supply systems or waste facilities 
                        are unhealthful; and
                            ``(ii) recipients that will provide 
                        technical assistance and training programs to 
                        address the contamination of drinking water and 
                        surface water supplies by emerging 
                        contaminants, including per- and 
                        polyfluoroalkyl substances and 
                        perfluorooctanoic acid.''; and
            (3) in subparagraph (C)--
                    (A) by striking ``1 nor more than 3'' and inserting 
                ``3 percent and not more than 5''; and
                    (B) by striking ``1 per centum'' and inserting ``3 
                percent''.

SEC. 6103. RURAL WATER AND WASTEWATER CIRCUIT RIDER PROGRAM.

    Section 306(a)(22)(B) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(22)(B)) is amended by striking 
``$20,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 and each fiscal year thereafter'' 
and inserting ``$25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 
2023''.

SEC. 6104. TRIBAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY ESSENTIAL COMMUNITY 
              FACILITIES.

    Section 306(a)(25)(C) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(25)(C)) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 6105. COMMUNITY FACILITIES DIRECT LOANS AND GRANTS FOR SUBSTANCE 
              USE DISORDER TREATMENT SERVICES.

    Section 306(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1926(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(27) Direct loans and grants for substance use disorder 
        treatment services.--
                    ``(A) Selection priority.--In selecting recipients 
                of loans or grants (not including loans guaranteed by 
                the Secretary) for the development of essential 
                community facilities under this section, the Secretary 
                shall give priority to entities eligible for those 
                loans or grants--
                            ``(i) to develop facilities to provide 
                        substance use disorder (including opioid 
                        substance use disorder)--
                                    ``(I) prevention services;
                                    ``(II) treatment services;
                                    ``(III) recovery services; or
                                    ``(IV) any combination of those 
                                services; and
                            ``(ii) that employ staff that have 
                        appropriate expertise and training in how to 
                        identify and treat individuals with substance 
                        use disorders.
                    ``(B) Use of funds.--An eligible entity described 
                in subparagraph (A) that receives a loan or grant 
                described in that subparagraph may use the loan or 
                grant funds for the development of telehealth 
                facilities and systems to provide telehealth services 
                for substance use disorder treatment.''.

SEC. 6106. EMERGENCY AND IMMINENT COMMUNITY WATER ASSISTANCE GRANT 
              PROGRAM.

    Section 306A of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1926a) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting the following: ``, particularly to projects to 
        address contamination that--
                    ``(A) poses a threat to human health or the 
                environment; and
                    ``(B) was caused by circumstances beyond the 
                control of the applicant for a grant, including 
                circumstances that occurred over a period of time; 
                and'';
            (2) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``$500,000'' and 
        inserting ``$1,000,000'';
            (3) by redesignating subsection (i) as subsection (j);
            (4) by inserting after subsection (h) the following:
    ``(i) Interagency Task Force on Rural Water Quality.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the 
        Secretary shall coordinate and chair an interagency task force 
        to examine drinking water and surface water contamination in 
        rural communities, particularly rural communities that are in 
        close proximity to active or decommissioned military 
        installations in the United States.
            ``(2) Membership.--The interagency task force shall consist 
        of--
                    ``(A) the Secretary;
                    ``(B) the Secretary of the Army, acting through the 
                Chief of Engineers;
                    ``(C) the Secretary of Health and Human Services, 
                acting through--
                            ``(i) the Director of the Agency for Toxic 
                        Substances and Disease Registry; and
                            ``(ii) the Director of the Centers for 
                        Disease Control and Prevention;
                    ``(D) the Secretary of Housing and Urban 
                Development;
                    ``(E) the Secretary of the Interior, acting 
                through--
                            ``(i) the Director of the United States 
                        Fish and Wildlife Service; and
                            ``(ii) the Director of the United States 
                        Geological Survey;
                    ``(F) the Administrator of the Environmental 
                Protection Agency; and
                    ``(G) representatives from rural drinking and 
                wastewater entities, State and community regulators, 
                and appropriate scientific experts that reflect a 
                diverse cross-section of the rural communities 
                described in paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Report.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than 360 days after 
                the date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement 
                Act of 2018, the task force shall submit to the 
                committees described in subparagraph (B) a report 
                that--
                            ``(i) examines, and identifies issues 
                        relating to, water contamination in rural 
                        communities, particularly rural communities 
                        that are in close proximity to active or 
                        decommissioned military installations in the 
                        United States;
                            ``(ii) reviews the extent to which Federal, 
                        State, and local government agencies coordinate 
                        with one another to address the issues 
                        identified under clause (i);
                            ``(iii) recommends how Federal, State, and 
                        local government agencies can work together in 
                        the most effective, efficient, and cost-
                        effective manner practicable, to address the 
                        issues identified under clause (i); and
                            ``(iv) recommends changes to existing 
                        statutory requirements, regulatory 
                        requirements, or both, to improve interagency 
                        coordination and responsiveness to address the 
                        issues identified under clause (i).
                    ``(B) Committees described.--The committees 
                referred to in subparagraph (A) are--
                            ``(i) the Committee on Agriculture of the 
                        House of Representatives;
                            ``(ii) the Committee on Agriculture, 
                        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate;
                            ``(iii) the Committee on Energy and 
                        Commerce of the House of Representatives;
                            ``(iv) the Committee on Environment and 
                        Public Works of the Senate;
                            ``(v) the Committee on Armed Services of 
                        the House of Representatives; and
                            ``(vi) the Committee on Armed Services of 
                        the Senate.''; and
            (5) in subsection (j) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``3 nor more 
                than 5'' and inserting ``5 percent and not more than 
                7''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$35,000,000 for 
                each of fiscal years 2008 through 2018'' and inserting 
                ``$50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 
                2023''.

SEC. 6107. WATER SYSTEMS FOR RURAL AND NATIVE VILLAGES IN ALASKA.

    Section 306D of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1926d) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``Alaska for'' and 
        inserting ``Alaska, a consortium formed pursuant to section 325 
        of the Department of the Interior and Related Agencies 
        Appropriations Act, 1998 (Public Law 105-83; 111 Stat. 1597), 
        and Native villages (as defined in section 3 of the Alaska 
        Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1602)) for'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by inserting ``for any grant awarded 
        under subsection (a)'' before the period at the end; and
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2018'' and 
                inserting ``2023''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Alaska'' and 
                inserting ``Alaska, and not more than 2 percent of the 
                amount made available under paragraph (1) for a fiscal 
                year may be used by a consortium formed pursuant to 
                section 325 of the Department of the Interior and 
                Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998 (Public Law 
                105-83; 111 Stat. 1597),''.

SEC. 6108. RURAL DECENTRALIZED WATER SYSTEMS.

    Section 306E of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1926e) is amended--
            (1) by striking the section heading and inserting ``rural 
        decentralized water systems'';
            (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``100'' and inserting 
        ``60'';
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by inserting ``and subgrants'' after 
                        ``loans''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``and individually owned 
                        household decentralized wastewater systems'' 
                        after ``well systems'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(2) Terms and amounts.--
                    ``(A) Terms of loans.--A loan made with grant funds 
                under this section--
                            ``(i) shall have an interest rate of 1 
                        percent; and
                            ``(ii) shall have a term not to exceed 20 
                        years.
                    ``(B) Amounts.--A loan or subgrant made with grant 
                funds under this section shall not exceed $15,000 for 
                each water well system or decentralized wastewater 
                system described in paragraph (1).''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Ground well water contamination.--In the event of 
        ground well water contamination, the Secretary shall allow a 
        loan or subgrant to be made with grant funds under this section 
        for the installation of water treatment where needed beyond the 
        point of entry, with or without the installation of a new water 
        well system.'';
            (4) in subsection (c), by striking ``productive use of 
        individually-owned household water well systems'' and inserting 
        ``effective use of individually owned household water well 
        systems, individually owned household decentralized wastewater 
        systems,''; and
            (5) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) by striking ``$5,000,000'' and inserting 
                ``$40,000,000''; and
                    (B) by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting 
                ``2019 through 2023''.

SEC. 6109. SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT GRANTS.

    Section 310B(b)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(b)(2)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 6110. RURAL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT GRANTS.

    Section 310B(c)(4)(A) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(c)(4)(A)) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 6111. RURAL COOPERATIVE DEVELOPMENT GRANTS.

    Section 310B(e) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1932(e)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (10), by inserting ``(including research 
        and analysis based on data from the latest available Economic 
        Census conducted by the Bureau of the Census)'' after ``conduct 
        research''; and
            (2) in paragraph (13), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''.

SEC. 6112. LOCALLY OR REGIONALLY PRODUCED AGRICULTURAL FOOD PRODUCTS.

    Section 310B(g)(9)(B)(iv)(I) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(g)(9)(B)(iv)(I)) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 6113. APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER FOR RURAL AREAS PROGRAM.

    Section 310B(i)(4) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(i)(4)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 6114. RURAL ECONOMIC AREA PARTNERSHIP ZONES.

    Section 310B(j) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1932(j)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 6115. INTEMEDIARY RELENDING PROGRAM.

    Section 310H of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1936b) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (i);
            (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following:
    ``(e) Limitation on Loan Amounts.--The maximum amount of a loan by 
an eligible entity described in subsection (b) to individuals and 
entities for a project under subsection (c), including the unpaid 
balance of any existing loans, shall be the lesser of--
            ``(1) $400,000; and
            ``(2) 50 percent of the loan to the eligible entity under 
        subsection (a).
    ``(f) Applications.--
            ``(1) In general.--To be eligible to receive a loan or loan 
        guarantee under subsection (a), an eligible entity described in 
        subsection (b) shall submit to the Secretary an application at 
        such time, in such manner, and containing such information as 
        the Secretary may require.
            ``(2) Evaluation.--In evaluating applications submitted 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A)(i) take into consideration the previous 
                performance of an eligible entity in carrying out 
                projects under subsection (c); and
                    ``(ii) in the case of satisfactory performance 
                under clause (i), require the eligible entity to 
                contribute less equity for subsequent loans without 
                modifying the priority given to subsequent 
                applications; and
                    ``(B) in assigning priorities to applications, 
                require an eligible entity to demonstrate that it has a 
                governing or advisory board made up of business, civic, 
                and community leaders who are representative of the 
                communities of the service area, without limitation to 
                the size of the service area.
    ``(g) Return of Equity.--The Secretary shall establish a schedule 
that is consistent with the amortization schedules of the portfolio of 
loans made or guaranteed under subsection (a) for the return of any 
equity contribution made under this section by an eligible entity 
described in subsection (b), if the eligible entity is--
            ``(1) current on all principal and interest payments; and
            ``(2) in compliance with loan covenants.
    ``(h) Regulations.--The Secretary shall promulgate regulations and 
establish procedures reducing the administrative requirements on 
eligible entities described in subsection (b), including regulations to 
carry out the amendments made to this section by the Agriculture 
Improvement Act of 2018.''; and
            (3) in subsection (i) (as so redesignated), by striking 
        ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 6116. SINGLE APPLICATION FOR BROADBAND.

    Section 331 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1981) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Single Application for Broadband.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), 
        notwithstanding any other provision of law, broadband 
        facilities and broadband service (as defined in section 601(b) 
        of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb(b)), 
        may be funded as an incidental part of any grant, loan, or loan 
        guarantee provided under this title or any other provision of 
        law administered by the Secretary, acting through the rural 
        development mission area.
            ``(2) Limitation.--Except as otherwise authorized by an Act 
        of Congress, funding under paragraph (1) shall not constitute 
        more than 10 percent of any loan for a fiscal year for any 
        program under this title or any other provision of law 
        administered by the Secretary, acting through the rural 
        development mission area.
            ``(3) Competitive harm.--The Secretary shall not provide 
        funding under paragraph (1) if the funding would result in 
        competitive harm to any existing grant, loan, or loan guarantee 
        described in that paragraph.
            ``(4) Eligibility.--Funding under paragraph (1) shall be 
        granted only for eligible projects described in section 
        601(d)(2) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 
        950bb(d)(2)).''.

SEC. 6117. LOAN GUARANTEE LOAN FEES.

    (a) Certain Programs Under Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act.--Section 333 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1983) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (5), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (6)(E), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(7) in the case of an insured or guaranteed loan issued 
        or modified under section 306(a), charge and collect from the 
        lender fees in such amounts as are necessary such that--
                    ``(A) the sum of--
                            ``(i) the total amount of fees so charged 
                        for each fiscal year; and
                            ``(ii) the total of the amounts 
                        appropriated for the insured or guaranteed 
                        loans for the fiscal year; is equal to
                    ``(B) the amount of the costs of subsidies for the 
                insured or guaranteed loans for the fiscal year.''.
    (b) Rural Broadband Program.--Section 601(c) of the Rural 
Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb(c)) is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
            ``(3) Fees.--In the case of a loan guarantee issued or 
        modified under this section, the Secretary shall charge and 
        collect from the lender fees in such amounts as are necessary 
        such that--
                    ``(A) the sum of--
                            ``(i) the total amount of fees so charged 
                        for each fiscal year; and
                            ``(ii) the total of the amounts 
                        appropriated for the loan guarantees for the 
                        fiscal year; is equal to
                    ``(B) the amount of the costs of subsidies for the 
                loan guarantees for the fiscal year.''.

SEC. 6118. RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE PROGRAMS TECHNICAL 
              ASSISTANCE AND TRAINING.

    The Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act is amended by 
inserting after section 367 (as added by section 5305) the following:

``SEC. 368. RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE PROGRAMS TECHNICAL 
              ASSISTANCE AND TRAINING.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may make grants to public bodies, 
private nonprofit corporations, economic development authorities, 
institutions of higher education, federally recognized Indian Tribes, 
and rural cooperatives for the purpose of providing or obtaining 
technical assistance and training to support funding applications for 
programs carried out by the Secretary, acting through the Administrator 
of the Rural Business-Cooperative Service.
    ``(b) Purposes.--A grant under subsection (a) may be used--
            ``(1) to assist communities in identifying and planning for 
        business and economic development needs;
            ``(2) to identify public and private resources to finance 
        business and small and emerging business needs;
            ``(3) to prepare reports and surveys necessary to request 
        financial assistance for businesses in rural communities; and
            ``(4) to prepare applications for financial assistance.
    ``(c) Selection Priority.--In selecting recipients of grants under 
this section, the Secretary shall give priority to grants serving 
persistent poverty counties and high poverty communities, as determined 
by the Secretary.
    ``(d) Funding.--
            ``(1) In general.--There is authorized to be appropriated 
        to carry out this section $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
        2019 through 2023, to remain available until expended.
            ``(2) Availability.--Any amounts authorized to be 
        appropriated under paragraph (1) for any fiscal year that are 
        not appropriated for that fiscal year may be appropriated for 
        any succeeding fiscal year.''.

SEC. 6119. NATIONAL RURAL DEVELOPMENT PARTNERSHIP.

    Section 378 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 2008m) is amended in subsections (g)(1) and (h) by striking 
``2018'' each place it appears and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 6120. GRANTS FOR NOAA WEATHER RADIO TRANSMITTERS.

    Section 379B(d) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 2008p(d)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 6121. RURAL MICROENTREPRENEUR ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 379E of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 2008s) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(4)(B)(ii)--
                    (A) in the clause heading, by striking ``Maximum 
                amount'' and inserting ``Amount'';
                    (B) by inserting ``not less than 20 percent and'' 
                before ``not more than 25 percent''; and
                    (C) by striking the period at the end and inserting 
                the following: ``, subject to--
                                    ``(I) satisfactory performance by 
                                the microenterprise development 
                                organization under this section, and
                                    ``(II) the availability of 
                                funding.''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)(2)--
                    (A) by striking ``$40,000,000'' and inserting 
                ``$20,000,000''; and
                    (B) by striking ``2009 through 2018'' and inserting 
                ``2019 through 2023''.

SEC. 6122. HEALTH CARE SERVICES.

    Section 379G(e) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 2008u(e)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 6123. STRATEGIC ECONOMIC AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT.

    Section 379H of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 2008v) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 379H. STRATEGIC ECONOMIC AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT.

    ``(a) In General.--In the case of any program under this title or 
administered by the Secretary, acting through the rural development 
mission area, as determined by the Secretary (referred to in this 
section as a `covered program'), the Secretary shall give priority to 
an application for a project that, as determined and approved by the 
Secretary--
            ``(1) meets the applicable eligibility requirements of this 
        title or the other applicable authorizing law;
            ``(2) will be carried out in a rural area; and
            ``(3) supports the implementation of a strategic community 
        investment plan described in subsection (d) on a multisectoral 
        and multijurisdictional basis, to include considerations for 
        improving and expanding broadband services as needed.
    ``(b) Reserve.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary 
        shall reserve not more than 10 percent of the funds made 
        available for a fiscal year for covered programs for projects 
        that support the implementation of a strategic community 
        investment plan described in subsection (d) on a multisectoral 
        and multijurisdictional basis.
            ``(2) Period.--Any funds reserved under paragraph (1) shall 
        only be reserved for the 1-year period beginning on the date on 
        which the funds were first made available, as determined by the 
        Secretary.
    ``(c) Approved Applications.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), any applicant 
        who submitted an application under a covered program that was 
        approved before the date of enactment of this section may amend 
        the application to qualify for the funds reserved under 
        subsection (b).
            ``(2) Rural utilities.--Any applicant who submitted an 
        application under paragraph (2), (14), or (24) of section 
        306(a), or section 306A or 310B(b), that was approved by the 
        Secretary before the date of enactment of this section shall be 
        eligible for the funds reserved under subsection (b)--
                    ``(A) on the same basis as an application submitted 
                under this section; and
                    ``(B) until September 30, 2019.
    ``(d) Strategic Community Investment Plans.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide assistance 
        to rural communities in developing strategic community 
        investment plans.
            ``(2) Plans.--A strategic community investment plan 
        described in paragraph (1) shall include--
                    ``(A) a variety of activities designed to 
                facilitate the vision of a rural community for the 
                future, including considerations for improving and 
                expanding broadband services as needed;
                    ``(B) participation by multiple stakeholders, 
                including local and regional partners;
                    ``(C) leverage of applicable regional resources;
                    ``(D) investment from strategic partners, such as--
                            ``(i) private organizations;
                            ``(ii) cooperatives;
                            ``(iii) other government entities;
                            ``(iv) Indian Tribes; and
                            ``(v) philanthropic organizations;
                    ``(E) clear objectives with the ability to 
                establish measurable performance metrics;
                    ``(F) action steps for implementation; and
                    ``(G) any other elements necessary to ensure that 
                the plan results in a comprehensive and strategic 
                approach to rural economic development, as determined 
                by the Secretary.
            ``(3) Coordination.--The Secretary shall coordinate with 
        Indian Tribes and local, State, regional, and Federal partners 
        to develop strategic community investment plans under this 
        subsection.
            ``(4) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $5,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, to remain available 
        until expended.''.

SEC. 6124. DELTA REGIONAL AUTHORITY.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 382M(a) of the 
Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2009aa-12(a)) is 
amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
    (b) Termination of Authority.--Section 382N of the Consolidated 
Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2009aa-13) is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 6125. RURAL BUSINESS INVESTMENT PROGRAM.

    Section 384S of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 2009cc-18) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

             Subtitle B--Rural Electrification Act of 1936

SEC. 6201. ELECTRIC LOAN REFINANCING.

    Section 2(a) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 
902(a)) is amended by striking ``loans in'' and inserting ``loans, or 
refinance loans made by the Secretary under this Act, in''.

SEC. 6202. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FOR RURAL ELECTRIFICATION LOANS.

    Section 2 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 902) 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Technical Assistance.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the 
        Secretary shall enter into a memorandum of understanding with 
        the Secretary of Energy under which the Secretary of Energy 
        shall provide technical assistance to applicants for loans made 
        under subsection (a) and section 4(a).
            ``(2) Form of assistance.--The technical assistance that 
        the Secretary may request pursuant to a memorandum of 
        understanding entered into under paragraph (1) may include--
                    ``(A) direct advice;
                    ``(B) tools, maps, and training relating to--
                            ``(i) the implementation of demand-side 
                        management of electric and telephone service in 
                        rural areas;
                            ``(ii) energy efficiency and conservation 
                        programs; and
                            ``(iii) on-grid and off-grid renewable 
                        energy systems; and
                    ``(C) any other forms of assistance determined 
                necessary by the Secretary.''.

SEC. 6203. LOANS FOR TELEPHONE SERVICE.

    Section 201 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 922) 
is amended--
            (1) by striking the section designation and all that 
        follows through ``From such sums'' and inserting the following:

``SEC. 201. LOANS FOR TELEPHONE SERVICE.

    ``From such sums'';
            (2) in the second sentence, by striking ``associations:'' 
        and all that follows through ``same subscribers.'' and 
        inserting ``associations.''; and
            (3) in the sixth sentence, by striking ``nor shall such 
        loan'' and all that follows through ``writing)'' and inserting 
        ``and''.

SEC. 6204. CUSHION OF CREDIT PAYMENTS PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 313 of the Rural Electrification Act of 
1936 (7 U.S.C. 940c) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as 
                paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively;
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
            ``(2) Termination of deposit authority.--Effective October 
        1, 2018, no deposits may be made under paragraph (1).''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3) (as so designated), by 
                striking ``borrower at a rate of 5 percent per annum.'' 
                and inserting the following: ``borrower--
                    ``(A) for each fiscal year through fiscal year 
                2018, at a rate of 5 percent; and
                    ``(B) for fiscal year 2019 and each fiscal year 
                thereafter, at a rate equal to--
                            ``(i) the average interest rate used to 
                        make payments on the 5-year Treasury note for 
                        the most recent calendar quarter; but
                            ``(ii) not greater than 5 percent.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
                        inserting the following:
                            ``(i) In general.--The Secretary'';
                            (ii) in clause (i) (as so designated), by 
                        striking ``Fund to which shall be credited, on 
                        a monthly basis,'' and inserting the following: 
                        ``Fund, to be known as the ``rural economic 
                        development subaccount'' (referred to in this 
                        paragraph as the ``subaccount'').
                            ``(ii) Differential payments.--For each 
                        month through September 2021, the Secretary 
                        shall credit to the subaccount''; and
                            (iii) in clause (ii) (as so designated), by 
                        striking ``the 5 percent'' and all that follows 
                        through the period at the end and inserting ``5 
                        percent.'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) by striking ``is authorized, from the 
                        interest differential sums credited this 
                        subaccount'' and inserting ``shall, from 
                        interest differential sums credited under 
                        subparagraph (A)(ii) to the subaccount''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``to provide'' and 
                        inserting ``provide'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``rural 
                economic development''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(F) Funding.--
                            ``(i) Mandatory funding.--Of the funds of 
                        the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary 
                        shall credit to the subaccount to use for the 
                        cost of grants and loans under subparagraphs 
                        (B) through (E) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal 
                        years 2022 and 2023, to remain available until 
                        expended.
                            ``(ii) Authorization of appropriations.--In 
                        addition to other amounts available in the 
                        subaccount for the cost of grants and loans 
                        under subparagraphs (B) through (E), there is 
                        authorized to be appropriated to the subaccount 
                        for the cost of the grants and loans $5,000,000 
                        for each of fiscal years 2022 and 2023, to 
                        remain available until expended.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 12(b)(3)(D) of the Rural Electrification Act of 
        1936 (7 U.S.C. 912(b)(3)(D)) is amended by striking 
        ``313(b)(2)(A)'' and inserting ``313(b)(2)(A)(ii)''.
            (2) Section 313A of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 
        (7 U.S.C. 940c-1) is amended in subsections (c)(4)(A) and 
        (e)(2) by striking ``313(b)(2)(A)'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``313(b)(2)(A)(i)''.

SEC. 6205. GUARANTEES FOR BONDS AND NOTES ISSUED FOR ELECTRIFICATION OR 
              TELEPHONE PURPOSES.

    (a) In General.--Section 313A of the Rural Electrification Act of 
1936 (7 U.S.C. 940c-1) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``Subject to'' and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(1) Guarantees.--Subject to'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), by 
                striking ``basis'' and all that follows through the 
                period at the end and inserting ``basis, if the 
                proceeds of the bonds or notes are used to make utility 
                infrastructure loans, or refinance bonds or notes 
                issued for those purposes, to a borrower that has at 
                any time received, or is eligible to receive, a loan 
                under this Act.''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Terms.--A bond or note guaranteed under this section 
        shall, by agreement between the Secretary and the borrower--
                    ``(A) be for a term of 30 years (or another term of 
                years that the Secretary determines is appropriate); 
                and
                    ``(B) be repaid by the borrower--
                            ``(i) in periodic installments of principal 
                        and interest;
                            ``(ii) in periodic installments of interest 
                        and, at the end of the term of the bond or 
                        note, as applicable, by the repayment of the 
                        outstanding principal; or
                            ``(iii) through a combination of the 
                        methods described in clauses (i) and (ii).'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                ``electrification'' and all that follows through the 
                period at the end and inserting ``purposes described in 
                subsection (a)(1).'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2);
                    (C) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as 
                paragraphs (2) and (3), respectively; and
                    (D) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``for 
                        electrification or telephone purposes'' and 
                        inserting ``for eligible purposes described in 
                        subsection (a)(1)''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                        ``subsection (a)'' and inserting ``subsection 
                        (a)(1)''; and
            (3) in subsection (f), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''.
    (b) Administration.--Beginning on the date of enactment of the 
Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the Secretary shall continue to 
carry out section 313A of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 
U.S.C. 940c-1) (as amended by subsection (a)) under a Notice of 
Solicitation of Applications until the date on which any regulations 
necessary to carry out the amendments made by subsection (a) are fully 
implemented.

SEC. 6206. ACCESS TO BROADBAND TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICES IN RURAL 
              AREAS.

    Section 601 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 
950bb) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``loans and'' and 
        inserting ``grants, loans, and'';
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Loans 
                and'' and inserting ``Grants, Loans, and'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``make grants 
                and'' after ``Secretary shall'';
                    (C) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(2) Priority.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In making grants, loans, or loan 
                guarantees under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                            ``(i) give the highest priority to 
                        applications for projects to provide broadband 
                        service to unserved rural communities that do 
                        not have any residential broadband service;
                            ``(ii) give priority to applications for 
                        projects to provide the maximum level of 
                        broadband service to the greatest proportion of 
                        rural households in the proposed service area 
                        identified in the application;
                            ``(iii) give priority to applications for 
                        projects to provide rapid and expanded 
                        deployment of fixed and mobile broadband on 
                        cropland and ranchland within a service 
                        territory for use in various applications of 
                        precision agriculture;
                            ``(iv) provide equal consideration to all 
                        eligible entities, including those that have 
                        not previously received grants, loans, or loan 
                        guarantees under paragraph (1); and
                            ``(v) with respect to 2 or more 
                        applications that are given the same priority 
                        under clause (i), give priority to an 
                        application that requests less grant funding 
                        than loan funding.
                    ``(B) Other.--After giving priority to the 
                applications described in clauses (i) and (ii) of 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall then give 
                priority to applications--
                            ``(i) for projects to provide broadband 
                        service to rural communities--
                                    ``(I) with a population of less 
                                than 10,000 permanent residents;
                                    ``(II) that are experiencing 
                                outmigration and have adopted a 
                                strategic community investment plan 
                                under section 379H(d) that includes 
                                considerations for improving and 
                                expanding broadband service;
                                    ``(III) with a high percentage of 
                                low income families or persons (as 
                                defined in section 501(b) of the 
                                Housing Act of 1949 (42 U.S.C. 
                                1471(b)); or
                                    ``(IV) that are isolated from other 
                                significant population centers; and
                            ``(ii) that were developed with the 
                        participation of, and will receive a 
                        substantial portion of the funding for the 
                        project from, 1 or more stakeholders, 
                        including--
                                    ``(I) State, local, and tribal 
                                governments;
                                    ``(II) nonprofit institutions;
                                    ``(III) community anchor 
                                institutions, such as--
                                            ``(aa) public libraries;
                                            ``(bb) elementary schools 
                                        and secondary schools (as 
                                        defined in section 8101 of the 
                                        Elementary and Secondary 
                                        Education Act of 1965 (20 
                                        U.S.C. 7801));
                                            ``(cc) institutions of 
                                        higher education; and
                                            ``(dd) health care 
                                        facilities;
                                    ``(IV) private entities; and
                                    ``(V) philanthropic organizations.
                    ``(C) Identification of unserved communities.--
                            ``(i) In general.--In the case of an 
                        application given the highest priority under 
                        subparagraph (A)(i), the Secretary shall 
                        confirm that each unserved rural community 
                        identified in the application is eligible for 
                        funding by--
                                    ``(I) conferring with and obtaining 
                                data from the Chair of the Federal 
                                Communications Commission and the 
                                Administrator of the National 
                                Telecommunications and Information 
                                Administration with respect to the 
                                service level in the service area 
                                proposed in the application;
                                    ``(II) reviewing any other source 
                                that is relevant to service data 
                                validation, as determined by the 
                                Secretary; and
                                    ``(III) performing site-specific 
                                testing to verify the unavailability of 
                                any residential broadband service in 
                                the unserved rural community.
                            ``(ii) Adjustments.--Not less often than 
                        once every 2 years, the Secretary shall review, 
                        and may adjust through notice published in the 
                        Federal Register, the unserved communities 
                        identified under clause (i).'';
                    (D) by redesignating paragraph (3) (as added by 
                section 6117(b)) as paragraph (4); and
                    (E) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
            ``(3) Grant amounts.--
                    ``(A) Definition of development costs.--In this 
                paragraph, the term `development costs' means costs 
                of--
                            ``(i) construction, including labor and 
                        materials;
                            ``(ii) project applications; and
                            ``(iii) other development activities, as 
                        determined by the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Eligibility.--To be eligible for a grant 
                under this section, the project that is the subject of 
                the grant shall be carried out in a rural area.
                    ``(C) Maximum.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (D), the amount of any grant made under this section 
                shall not exceed 50 percent of the development costs of 
                the project for which the grant is provided.
                    ``(D) Secretarial authority to adjust.--The 
                Secretary may make grants of up to 75 percent of the 
                development costs of the project for which the grant is 
                provided to an eligible entity if the Secretary 
                determines that the project serves--
                            ``(i) an area of rural households described 
                        in paragraph (2)(A)(ii); and
                            ``(ii) a rural community described in any 
                        of subclauses (I) through (IV) of paragraph 
                        (2)(B)(i).'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding clause 
                                (i), by striking ``loan or'' and 
                                inserting ``grant, loan, or'';
                                    (II) in clause (ii), by striking 
                                ``a loan application'' and inserting 
                                ``an application''; and
                                    (III) in clause (iii)--
                                            (aa) by striking 
                                        ``service'' and inserting 
                                        ``infrastructure'';
                                            (bb) by striking ``loan'' 
                                        the first place it appears;
                                            (cc) by striking ``3'' and 
                                        inserting ``5''; and
                                            (dd) by striking ``proceeds 
                                        from the loan made or 
                                        guaranteed under this section 
                                        are'' and inserting 
                                        ``assistance under this section 
                                        is''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) Relation to universal service high-cost 
                support.--The Secretary shall coordinate with the 
                Federal Communications Commission to ensure that any 
                grants, loans, or loan guarantees made under this 
                section complement and do not conflict with universal 
                service high-cost support (as defined in section 54.5 
                of title 47, Code of Federal Regulations, or any 
                successor regulation) provided by the Commission.'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding clause 
                                (i)--
                                            (aa) by striking ``the 
                                        proceeds of a loan made or 
                                        guaranteed'' and inserting 
                                        ``assistance''; and
                                            (bb) by striking ``for the 
                                        loan or loan guarantee'' and 
                                        inserting ``of the eligible 
                                        entity'';
                                    (II) in clause (i)--
                                            (aa) by striking ``15'' and 
                                        inserting ``90''; and
                                            (bb) by striking ``level of 
                                        broadband service'' and 
                                        inserting ``level of fixed 
                                        broadband service, whether 
                                        terrestrial or wireless,''; and
                                    (III) in clause (ii), by striking 
                                ``3'' and inserting ``2'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                        clause (ii) and inserting the following:
                            ``(ii) Exceptions.--Clause (i) shall not 
                        apply if the applicant is eligible for funding 
                        under another title of this Act.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3), in subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``loan or'' and inserting ``grant, loan, or'';
                    (D) in paragraph (4), by striking ``loan or'' and 
                inserting ``grant, loan, or'';
                    (E) in paragraph (5)(A), in the matter preceding 
                clause (i), by striking ``loan or'' and inserting 
                ``grant, loan, or'';
                    (F) in paragraph (6), by striking ``loan or'' and 
                inserting ``grant, loan, or'';
                    (G) by redesignating paragraph (7) as subparagraph 
                (B) and indenting appropriately;
                    (H) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following:
            ``(7) Application process.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall provide to 
                an applicant of a grant, loan, or loan guarantee under 
                this section feedback and decisions on funding in a 
                timely manner.'';
                    (I) in paragraph (7)(B) (as so redesignated), by 
                striking ``may seek a determination of area eligibility 
                prior to preparing a loan application under this 
                section.'' and inserting the following: ``may, before 
                preparing an application under this section--
                            ``(i) seek a determination of area 
                        eligibility; and
                            ``(ii) submit to the Secretary a proposal 
                        for a project, on which the Secretary shall 
                        provide feedback regarding how the proposal 
                        could be changed to improve the likelihood that 
                        the Secretary would approve the application.'';
                    (J) in paragraph (10)(A), by striking ``15'' and 
                inserting ``30''; and
                    (K) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(11) Technical assistance and training.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may provide 
                eligible entities described in paragraph (1) that are 
                applying for a grant, loan, or loan guarantee for a 
                project described in subsection (c)(2)(A)(i) technical 
                assistance and training--
                            ``(i) to prepare reports and surveys 
                        necessary to request grants, loans, and loan 
                        guarantees under this section for broadband 
                        deployment;
                            ``(ii) to improve management, including 
                        financial management, relating to the proposed 
                        broadband deployment;
                            ``(iii) to prepare applications for grants, 
                        loans, and loan guarantees under this section; 
                        or
                            ``(iv) to assist with other areas of need 
                        identified by the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Funding.--Not less than 3 percent and not 
                more than 5 percent of amounts appropriated to carry 
                out this section for a fiscal year shall be used for 
                technical assistance and training under this 
                paragraph.'';
            (4) in subsection (e)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``4-Mbps'' and 
                inserting ``25-Mbps''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``1-Mbps'' and 
                inserting ``3-Mbps'';
            (5) in subsection (f), by striking ``make a loan or loan 
        guarantee'' and inserting ``provide assistance'';
            (6) in subsection (j)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``loan and loan guarantee'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``grants and'' 
                after ``number of'';
                    (C) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``loan''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``loans and'' and inserting ``grants, loans, 
                        and''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (3), by striking ``loan'';
            (7) by redesignating subsections (k) and (l) as subsections 
        (m) and (n), respectively;
            (8) by inserting after subsection (j) the following:
    ``(k) Broadband Buildout Data.--As a condition of receiving a 
grant, loan, or loan guarantee under this section, a recipient of 
assistance shall provide to the Secretary complete, reliable, and 
precise geolocation information that indicates the location of new 
broadband service that is being provided or upgraded within the service 
territory supported by the grant, loan, or loan guarantee not later 
than 30 days after the earlier of--
            ``(1) the date of completion of any project milestone 
        established by the Secretary; or
            ``(2) the date of completion of the project.
    ``(l) Environmental Reviews.--The Secretary may obligate, but not 
disperse, funds under this Act before the completion of otherwise 
required environmental, historical, or other types of reviews if the 
Secretary determines that a subsequent site-specific review shall be 
adequate and easily accomplished for the location of towers, poles, or 
other broadband facilities in the service area of the borrower without 
compromising the project or the required reviews.'';
            (9) in subsection (m) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``$25,000,000'' and 
                        inserting ``$150,000,000''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``2008 through 2018'' and 
                        inserting ``2019 through 2023''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(A)--
                            (i) in clause (i), by striking ``and'' at 
                        the end;
                            (ii) in clause (ii), by striking the period 
                        at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(iii) set aside at least 1 percent to be 
                        used for--
                                    ``(I) conducting oversight under 
                                this section; and
                                    ``(II) implementing accountability 
                                measures and related activities 
                                authorized under this section.''; and
            (10) in subsection (n) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) by striking ``loan or'' and inserting ``grant, 
                loan, or''; and
                    (B) by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 6207. COMMUNITY CONNECT GRANT PROGRAM.

    Title VI of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb 
et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 604. COMMUNITY CONNECT GRANT PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Eligible broadband service.--The term `eligible 
        broadband service' means broadband service that has the 
        capability to transmit data at a speed specified by the 
        Secretary, which may not be less than the applicable minimum 
        download and upload speeds established by the Federal 
        Communications Commission in defining the term `advanced 
        telecommunications capability' for purposes of section 706 of 
        the Telecommunications Act of 1996 (47 U.S.C. 1302).
            ``(2) Eligible service area.--The term `eligible service 
        area' means an area in which broadband service capacity is less 
        than--
                    ``(A) a 10-Mbps downstream transmission capacity; 
                and
                    ``(B) a 1-Mbps upstream transmission capacity.
            ``(3) Eligible entity.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `eligible entity' means 
                a legally organized entity that--
                            ``(i) is--
                                    ``(I) an incorporated organization;
                                    ``(II) an Indian Tribe or Tribal 
                                organization;
                                    ``(III) a State;
                                    ``(IV) a unit of local government; 
                                or
                                    ``(V) any other legal entity, 
                                including a cooperative, a private 
                                corporation, or a limited liability 
                                company, that is organized on a for-
                                profit or a not-for-profit basis; and
                            ``(ii) has the legal capacity and authority 
                        to enter into a contract, to comply with 
                        applicable Federal laws, and to own and operate 
                        broadband facilities, as proposed in the 
                        application submitted by the entity for a grant 
                        under the Program.
                    ``(B) Exclusions.--The term `eligible entity' does 
                not include--
                            ``(i) an individual; or
                            ``(ii) a partnership.
            ``(4) Program.--The term `Program' means the Community 
        Connect Grant Program established under subsection (b).
            ``(5) Rural area.--The term `rural area' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 601(b)(3)(A).
    ``(b) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a program, to 
be known as the `Community Connect Grant Program', to provide grants to 
eligible entities to finance broadband transmission in rural areas.
    ``(c) Eligible Projects.--An eligible entity that receives a grant 
under the Program shall use the grant to carry out a project that--
            ``(1) provides eligible broadband service to, within the 
        proposed eligible service area described in the application 
        submitted by the eligible entity--
                    ``(A) each essential community facility funded 
                under section 306(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
                Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)); and
                    ``(B) any required facilities necessary to offer 
                that eligible broadband service to each residential and 
                business customer; and
            ``(2) for not less than 2 years--
                    ``(A) furnishes free wireless eligible broadband 
                service to a community center described in subsection 
                (d)(1)(B);
                    ``(B) provides not fewer than 2 computer access 
                points for that free wireless eligible broadband 
                service; and
                    ``(C) covers the cost of bandwidth to provide free 
                eligible broadband service to each essential community 
                facility funded under section 306(a) of the 
                Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 
                1926(a)) within the proposed eligible service area 
                described in the application submitted by the eligible 
                entity.
    ``(d) Uses of Grant Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity that receives a grant 
        under the Program may use the grant for--
                    ``(A) the construction, acquisition, or leasing of 
                facilities (including spectrum), land, or buildings to 
                deploy eligible broadband service; and
                    ``(B) the improvement, expansion, construction, or 
                acquisition of a community center within the proposed 
                eligible service area described in the application 
                submitted by the eligible entity.
            ``(2) Ineligible uses.--An eligible entity that receives a 
        grant under the Program shall not use the grant for--
                    ``(A) the duplication of any existing broadband 
                service provided by another entity in the eligible 
                service area; or
                    ``(B) operating expenses, except as provided in--
                            ``(i) subsection (c)(2)(C) with respect to 
                        free wireless eligible broadband service; and
                            ``(ii) paragraph (1)(A) with respect to 
                        spectrum.
            ``(3) Free access for community centers.--Of the amounts 
        provided to an eligible entity under a grant under the Program, 
        the eligible entity shall use to carry out paragraph (1)(B) not 
        greater than the lesser of--
                    ``(A) 10 percent; and
                    ``(B) $150,000.
    ``(e) Matching Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity that receives a grant 
        under the Program shall provide a cash contribution in an 
        amount that is not less than 15 percent of the amount of the 
        grant.
            ``(2) Requirements.--A cash contribution described in 
        paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) shall be used solely for the project for 
                which the eligible entity receives a grant under the 
                Program; and
                    ``(B) shall not include any Federal funds, unless a 
                Federal statute specifically provides that those 
                Federal funds may be considered to be from a non-
                Federal source.
    ``(f) Applications.--
            ``(1) In general.--To be eligible to receive a grant under 
        the Program, an eligible entity shall submit to the Secretary 
        an application at such time, in such manner, and containing 
        such information as the Secretary may require.
            ``(2) Requirement.--An application submitted by an eligible 
        entity under paragraph (1) shall include documentation 
        sufficient to demonstrate the availability of funds to satisfy 
        the requirement of subsection (e).
    ``(g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $50,000,000 for each fiscal 
year.''.

SEC. 6208. TRANSPARENCY IN THE TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE LOAN 
              PROGRAM.

    Title VI of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb 
et seq.) (as amended by section 6207) is amended by adding at the end 
the following:

``SEC. 605. TRANSPARENCY IN THE TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE LOAN 
              PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Public Notice of Applications for Assistance.--The Secretary 
shall publish in the Federal Register, and promptly make available to 
the public, a fully searchable database on the website of Rural 
Utilities Service that contains, at a minimum--
            ``(1) notice of each application for a loan from the 
        Telecommunications Infrastructure Loan and Guarantee Program 
        under this Act describing the application, including--
                    ``(A) the identity of the applicant;
                    ``(B) a description of the application, including--
                            ``(i) each census block proposed to be 
                        served by the applicant; and
                            ``(ii) the amount and type of support 
                        requested by the applicant;
                    ``(C) the status of the application;
                    ``(D) the estimated number and proportion of 
                households in each census block under subparagraph 
                (B)(i) that are without telecommunications service; and
                    ``(E) a list of the census block groups, in a 
                manner specified by the Secretary, to which the 
                applicant proposes to provide service; and
            ``(2) notice of each borrower receiving assistance under 
        the Telecommunications Infrastructure Loan and Guarantee 
        Program under this Act, including--
                    ``(A) the name of the borrower;
                    ``(B) the type of assistance being received; and
                    ``(C) the purpose for which the borrower is 
                receiving the assistance; and
            ``(3) such other information as is sufficient to allow the 
        public to understand the assistance provided under the 
        Telecommunications Infrastructure Loan and Guarantee Program 
        under this Act.
    ``(b) Opportunity for the Public to Submit Information.--The 
Secretary shall, with respect to an application for a loan under the 
Telecommunications Infrastructure Loan and Guarantee Program under this 
Act--
            ``(1) for a period of not less than 15 days after the date 
        on which the notice required by subsection (a)(1) is provided 
        with respect to the application, provide an opportunity for an 
        interested party to voluntarily submit information concerning 
        the services that the party offers in the census blocks 
        described in subsection (a)(1)(B)(i), such that the Secretary 
        may assess whether approving the application would result in 
        any duplication of lines, facilities, or systems that are 
        providing reasonably adequate services; and
            ``(2) if no interested party submits information under 
        paragraph (1), consider the number of providers in the census 
        block group to be established by using broadband deployment 
        data from the most recent Form 477 data collection of the 
        Federal Communications Commission.''.

SEC. 6209. REFINANCING OF BROADBAND AND TELEPHONE LOANS.

    (a) In General.--Section 201 of the Rural Electrification Act of 
1936 (7 U.S.C. 922) is amended, in the fifth sentence, by striking 
``furnishing telephone service in rural areas:'' and all that follows 
through ``40 per centum of any loan made under this title.'' and 
inserting ``furnishing telephone service in rural areas, including 
indebtedness of recipients on another telecommunications loan made 
under this Act.''.
    (b) Broadband.--Section 601(i) of the Rural Electrification Act of 
1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb(i)) is amended by striking ``Act if the use of'' 
and all that follows through the period at the end and inserting ``Act, 
or on any other loan if that loan would have been for an eligible 
purpose under this Act.''.

SEC. 6210. CYBERSECURITY AND GRID SECURITY IMPROVEMENTS.

    Title III of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 931 et 
seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 319. CYBERSECURITY AND GRID SECURITY IMPROVEMENTS.

    ``The Secretary may make or guarantee loans under this title and 
title I for cybersecurity and grid security improvements.''.

                       Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

SEC. 6301. DISTANCE LEARNING AND TELEMEDICINE.

    (a) Substance Use Disorder Treatment Services.--Section 2333(c) of 
the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 
950aaa-2(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Substance use disorder treatment services.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
                Secretary shall make available not less than 20 percent 
                of amounts made available under section 2335A for 
                financial assistance under this chapter for substance 
                use disorder treatment services.
                    ``(B) Exception.--In the case of a fiscal year for 
                which the Secretary determines that there are not 
                sufficient qualified applicants to receive financial 
                assistance for substance use disorder treatment 
                services to reach the 20-percent requirement under 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary may make available less 
                than 20 percent of amounts made available under section 
                2335A for those services.''.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 2335A of the Food, 
Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 950aaa-5) is 
amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1(b) of Public Law 102-551 (7 
U.S.C. 950aaa note) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.

SEC. 6302. RURAL ENERGY SAVINGS PROGRAM.

    Section 6407 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 8107a) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``efficiency.'' and 
        inserting ``efficiency (including cost-effective on- or off-
        grid renewable energy or energy storage systems).'';
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (7) as 
                paragraphs (5) through (8), respectively;
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
            ``(4) Eligibility for other loans.--The Secretary shall not 
        include any debt incurred by a borrower under this section in 
        the calculation of the debt-equity ratio of the borrower for 
        purposes of eligibility for loans under the Rural 
        Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 901 et seq.).'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (5) (as so 
                redesignated), by striking ``(6)'' and inserting 
                ``(7)''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(9) Accounting.--The Secretary shall take appropriate 
        steps to streamline the accounting requirements on borrowers 
        under this section while maintaining adequate assurances of the 
        repayment of the loans.'';
            (3) in subsection (d)(1)(A), by striking ``3 percent'' and 
        inserting ``6 percent'';
            (4) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (i);
            (5) by inserting after subsection (g) the following:
    ``(h) Publication.--Not later than 120 days after the end of each 
fiscal year, the Secretary shall publish a description of--
            ``(1) the number of applications received under this 
        section for that fiscal year;
            ``(2) the number of loans made to eligible entities under 
        this section for that fiscal year; and
            ``(3) the recipients of the loans described in paragraph 
        (2).''; and
            (6) in subsection (i) (as so redesignated), by striking 
        ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 6303. RURAL HEALTH AND SAFETY EDUCATION PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--Section 502(i) of the Rural Development Act of 
1972 (7 U.S.C. 2662(i)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
            ``(5) Substance use disorder education and prevention.--In 
        making grants under this subsection, the Secretary shall give 
        priority to an applicant that will use the grant for substance 
        use disorder education, prevention, or treatment.''.
    (b) Technical Amendments.--Title V of the Rural Development Act of 
1972 (7 U.S.C. 2661 et seq.) (as amended by subsection (a)) is 
amended--
            (1) in section 502, in the matter preceding subsection (a), 
        by inserting ``(referred to in this title as the `Secretary')'' 
        after ``Agriculture''; and
            (2) by striking ``Secretary of Agriculture'' each place it 
        appears (other than in section 502 in the matter preceding 
        subsection (a)) and inserting ``Secretary''.

SEC. 6304. NORTHERN BORDER REGIONAL COMMISSION REAUTHORIZATION.

    Section 15751(a) of title 40, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

          TITLE VII--RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND RELATED MATTERS

  Subtitle A--National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
                           Policy Act of 1977

SEC. 7101. PURPOSES OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION.

    Section 1402 of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3101) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (7), by striking ``and'' after the 
        semicolon;
            (2) in paragraph (8), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(9) support international collaboration that leverages 
        resources and advances priority food and agricultural interests 
        of the United States, such as--
                    ``(A) addressing emerging plant and animal 
                diseases;
                    ``(B) improving crop varieties and animal breeds; 
                and
                    ``(C) developing safe, efficient, and nutritious 
                food systems.''.

SEC. 7102. MATTERS RELATING TO CERTAIN SCHOOL DESIGNATIONS AND 
              DECLARATIONS.

    (a) Study of Food and Agricultural Sciences.--Section 1404(14) of 
the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act 
of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103(14)) is amended--
            (1) by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the 
        following:
                    ``(A) In general.--
                            ``(i) Definition.--The terms `NLGCA 
                        Institution' and `non-land-grant college of 
                        agriculture' mean a public college or 
                        university offering a baccalaureate or higher 
                        degree in the study of agricultural sciences, 
                        forestry, or both in any area of study 
                        described in clause (ii).
                            ``(ii) Clarification.--An area of study 
                        referred to in clause (i) may include any of 
                        the following:
                                    ``(I) Agriculture.
                                    ``(II) Agricultural business and 
                                management.
                                    ``(III) Agricultural economics.
                                    ``(IV) Agricultural mechanization.
                                    ``(V) Agricultural production 
                                operations.
                                    ``(VI) Aquaculture.
                                    ``(VII) Agricultural and food