Text: S.3508 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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Public Law No: 115-265 (10/11/2018)

 
[115th Congress Public Law 265]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]



[[Page 3741]]

                        SAVE OUR SEAS ACT OF 2018

[[Page 132 STAT. 3742]]

Public Law 115-265
115th Congress

                                 An Act


 
To reauthorize and amend the Marine Debris Act to promote international 
action to reduce marine debris, and for other purposes. <<NOTE: Oct. 11, 
                          2018 -  [S. 3508]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: Save Our Seas 
Act of 2018.>> 
SECTION 1. <<NOTE: 46 USC 101 note.>>  SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Save Our Seas Act of 2018''.

                         TITLE I--MARINE DEBRIS

SEC. 101. NOAA MARINE DEBRIS PROGRAM.

    Section 3 of the Marine Debris Act (33 U.S.C. 1952) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (4), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                    (B) in paragraph (5)(C), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting a semicolon; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) <<NOTE: Strategies.>>  work to develop outreach and 
        education strategies with other Federal agencies to address 
        sources of marine debris;
            ``(7) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  except for discharges of 
        marine debris from vessels, in consultation with the Department 
        of State and other Federal agencies, promote international 
        action, as appropriate, to reduce the incidence of marine 
        debris, including providing technical assistance to expand waste 
        management systems internationally; and
            ``(8) in the case of an event determined to be a severe 
        marine debris event under subsection (c)--
                    ``(A) assist in the cleanup and response required by 
                the severe marine debris event; or
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  conduct such other 
                activity as the Administrator determines is appropriate 
                in response to the severe marine debris event.'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d);
            (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:

    ``(c) Severe Marine Debris Events.-- <<NOTE: Determination.>> At the 
discretion of the Administrator or at the request of the Governor of an 
affected State, the Administrator shall determine whether there is a 
severe marine debris event.''; and
            (4) in subsection (d)(2), as redesignated--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``subparagraph 
                (B)'' and inserting ``subparagraphs (B) and (C)''; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3743]]

                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) Severe marine debris events.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraph (A), the Federal share of the cost of an 
                activity carried out under a determination made under 
                subsection (c) shall be--
                          ``(i) 100 percent of the cost of the activity, 
                      for an activity funded wholly by funds made 
                      available by a person, including the government of 
                      a foreign country, to the Federal Government for 
                      the purpose of responding to a severe marine 
                      debris event; or
                          ``(ii) 75 percent of the cost of the activity, 
                      for any activity other than an activity funded as 
                      described in clause (i).''.
SEC. 102. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON INTERNATIONAL ENGAGEMENT TO RESPOND 
                        TO MARINE DEBRIS.

    It is the sense of Congress that the President should--
            (1) support research and development on systems and 
        materials that reduce--
                    (A) derelict fishing gear; and
                    (B) the amount of solid waste that is generated from 
                land-based sources and the amount of such waste that 
                enters the marine environment;
            (2) work with representatives of foreign countries that 
        discharge the largest amounts of solid waste from land-based 
        sources into the marine environment, to develop mechanisms to 
        reduce such discharges;
            (3) carry out studies to determine--
                    (A) the primary means of discharges referred to in 
                paragraph (2);
                    (B) the manner in which waste management 
                infrastructure can be most effective in preventing such 
                discharges; and
                    (C) the long-term impacts of marine debris on the 
                national economies of the countries with which work is 
                undertaken under paragraph (2) and on the global 
                economy, including the impacts of reducing the discharge 
                of such debris;
            (4) work with representatives of the countries with which 
        work is undertaken in paragraph (2) to conclude one or more new 
        international agreements that include provisions--
                    (A) to mitigate the discharge of land-based solid 
                waste into the marine environment; and
                    (B) to provide technical assistance and investment 
                in waste management infrastructure to reduce such 
                discharges, if the President determines such assistance 
                or investment is appropriate; and
            (5) encourage the United States Trade Representative to 
        consider the impact of discharges of land-based solid waste from 
        the countries with which work is conducted under paragraph (2) 
        in relevant future trade agreements.
SEC. 103. SENSE OF CONGRESS SUPPORTING GREAT LAKES LAND-BASED 
                        MARINE DEBRIS ACTION PLAN.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Great Lakes Land-Based Marine 
Debris Action Plan (NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS-OR&R-49) is vital to 
the ongoing efforts to clean up the Great

[[Page 132 STAT. 3744]]

Lakes Region and getting rid of harmful debris, such as microplastics, 
abandoned vessels, and other forms of pollution that are threatening the 
survival of native marine animals and damaging the Great Lakes' 
recreation and tourism economy.
SEC. 104. MEMBERSHIP OF THE INTERAGENCY MARINE DEBRIS COORDINATING 
                        COMMITTEE.

    Section 5(b) of the Marine Debris Act (33 U.S.C. 1954(b)) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (4), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
        semicolon;
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (7); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
            ``(5) the Department of State;
            ``(6) the Department of the Interior; and''.
SEC. 105. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 9 of the Marine Debris Act (33 U.S.C. 1958) is amended to 
read as follows:
``SEC. 9. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``(a) In General.--There is authorized to be appropriated to the 
Administrator $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 through 2022 for 
carrying out sections 3, 5, and 6, of which not more than 5 percent is 
authorized for each fiscal year for administrative costs.
    ``(b) Amounts Authorized for Coast Guard.--Of the amounts authorized 
for each fiscal year under section 2702(1) of title 14, United States 
Code, up to $2,000,000 is authorized for the Secretary of the department 
in which the Coast Guard is operating for use by the Commandant of the 
Coast Guard to carry out section 4 of this Act, of which not more than 5 
percent is authorized for each fiscal year for administrative costs.''.

 TITLE II-- <<NOTE: Hamm Alert Maritime Safety Act of 2018.>> MARITIME 
SAFETY
SEC. 201. <<NOTE: 46 USC 101 note.>>  SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Hamm Alert Maritime Safety Act of 
2018''.
SEC. 202. FINDINGS.

    Congress finds the following:
            (1) On September 29, 2015, the SS El Faro cargo vessel left 
        Jacksonville, Florida bound for San Juan, Puerto Rico, carrying 
        391 shipping containers, 294 trailers and cars, and a crew of 33 
        people, including 28 Americans.
            (2) On the morning of October 1, the El Faro sent its final 
        communication reporting that the engines were disabled and the 
        ship was listing, leaving the ship directly in the path of 
        Hurricane Joaquin and resulting in the sinking of the vessel and 
        the loss of all 33 lives.
            (3) The National Transportation Safety Board and the Coast 
        Guard made recommendations to address safety issues, such as 
        improving weather information and training, improving planning 
        and response to severe weather, reviewing the Coast Guard's 
        program delegating vessel inspections to third-party 
        organizations to assess the effectiveness of the program, and

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        improving alerts and equipment on the vessels, among other 
        recommendations.
            (4) Safety issues are not limited to the El Faro. For 2017, 
        over 21,000 deficiencies were issued to United States commercial 
        vessels and more than 2,500 U.S. vessels were issued ``no-sail'' 
        requirements.
            (5) The maritime industry, particularly the men and women of 
        the United States merchant marine, play a vital and important 
        role to the national security and economy of our country, and a 
        strong safety regime is necessary to ensure the vitality of the 
        industry and the protection of current and future mariners, and 
        to honor lost mariners.
SEC. 203. <<NOTE: 46 USC 2101 note.>>  DEFINITIONS.

    In this title:
            (1) Commandant.--The term ``Commandant'' means the 
        Commandant of the Coast Guard.
            (2) Recognized organization.--The term ``recognized 
        organization'' has the meaning given that term in section 2.45-1 
        of title 46, Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on the 
        date of the enactment of this Act.
            (3) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating.
SEC. 204. <<NOTE: 46 USC 2116 note.>>  DOMESTIC VESSEL COMPLIANCE.

    (a) In General.-- <<NOTE: Deadline. Public information. Web 
posting.>> Not later than 60 days after the date on which the President 
submits to the Congress a budget each year pursuant to section 1105 of 
title 31, United States Code, the Commandant shall publish on a publicly 
accessible Website information documenting domestic vessel compliance 
with the requirements of subtitle II of title 46, United States Code.

    (b) Content.--The information required under subsection (a) shall--
            (1) include flag-State detention rates for each type of 
        inspected vessel; and
            (2) identify any recognized organization that inspected or 
        surveyed a vessel that was later subject to a Coast Guard-issued 
        control action attributable to a major nonconformity that the 
        recognized organization failed to identify in such inspection or 
        survey.
SEC. 205. <<NOTE: 46 USC 3201 note.>>  SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.-- <<NOTE: Audit.>> The Comptroller General of the 
United States shall conduct an audit regarding the implementation and 
effectiveness of the Coast Guard's oversight and enforcement of safety 
management plans required under chapter 32 of title 46, United States 
Code.

    (b) Scope.-- <<NOTE: Evaluation.>> The audit conducted under 
subsection (a) shall include an evaluation of--
            (1) the effectiveness and implementation of safety 
        management plans, including such plans for--
                    (A) a range of vessel types and sizes; and
                    (B) vessels that operate in a cross-section of 
                regional operating areas; and
            (2) the effectiveness and implementation of safety 
        management plans in addressing the impact of heavy weather.

    (c) Report.-- <<NOTE: Recomenda- tions.>> Not later than 18 months 
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall 
submit to the

[[Page 132 STAT. 3746]]

Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the 
Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives a report detailing the results of the audit and 
providing recommendations related to such results, including ways to 
streamline and focus such plans on ship safety.

    (d) Marine Safety Alert.-- <<NOTE: Deadline. Web 
posting. Notification. Public information.>> Not later than 60 days 
after the date the report is submitted under subsection (c), the 
Commandant shall publish a Marine Safety Alert providing notification of 
the completion of the report and including a link to the report on a 
publicly accessible website.

    (e) Additional Actions.--
            (1) In general.--Upon completion of the report under 
        subsection (c), the Commandant shall consider additional 
        guidance or a rulemaking to address any deficiencies identified, 
        and any additional actions recommended, in the report.
            (2) Report.-- <<NOTE: Recomenda- tions.>> Not later than 1 
        year after the date the report is submitted under subsection 
        (c), the Commandant shall submit to the Committee on Commerce, 
        Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives a report on the actions the Commandant has taken 
        to address any deficiencies identified, and any additional 
        actions recommended, in the report submitted under subsection 
        (c).
SEC. 206. EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Regulations.--
            (1) In general.--Section 3306 of title 46, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ``(l)(1) The Secretary shall require that a freight vessel inspected 
under this chapter be outfitted with distress signaling and location 
technology for the higher of--
            ``(A) the minimum complement of officers and crew specified 
        on the certificate of inspection for such vessel; or
            ``(B) the number of persons onboard the vessel; and

    ``(2) the requirement described in paragraph (1) shall not apply to 
vessels operating within the baseline from which the territorial sea of 
the United States is measured.
    ``(m)(1) The Secretary shall promulgate regulations requiring 
companies to maintain records of all incremental weight changes made to 
freight vessels inspected under this chapter, and to track weight 
changes over time to facilitate rapid determination of the aggregate 
total.
    ``(2) <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  Records maintained under paragraph 
(1) shall be stored, in paper or electronic form, onboard such vessels 
for not less than 3 years and shoreside for the life of the vessel.''.
            (2) Deadlines.-- <<NOTE: 46 USC 3306 note.>> The Secretary 
        shall--
                    (A) begin implementing the requirement under section 
                3306(l) of title 46, United States Code, as amended by 
                this subsection, by not later than 1 year after the date 
                of the enactment of this Act; and
                    (B) promulgate the regulations required under 
                section 3306(m) of title 46, United States Code, as 
                amended by this subsection, by not later than 1 year 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act.

    (b) Engagement.-- <<NOTE: Deadline. 46 USC 3306 note.>> Not later 
than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Commandant 
shall seek to enter into negotiations through the International Maritime 
Organization

[[Page 132 STAT. 3747]]

to amend regulation 25 of chapter II-1 of the International Convention 
for the Safety of Life at Sea to require a high-water alarm sensor in 
each cargo hold of a freight vessel (as that term is defined in section 
2101 of title 46, United States Code), that connects with audible and 
visual alarms on the navigation bridge of the vessel.
SEC. 207. VOYAGE DATA RECORDER; ACCESS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 63 of title 46, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 6309. <<NOTE: 46 USC 6309.>> Voyage data recorder access

    ``Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Coast Guard shall 
have full, concurrent, and timely access to and ability to use voyage 
data recorder data and audio held by any Federal agency in all marine 
casualty investigations, regardless of which agency is the investigative 
lead.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.-- <<NOTE: 46 USC 6301 prec.>> The analysis 
for such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following:

``6309. Voyage data recorder access.''.

SEC. 208. <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  VOYAGE DATA RECORDER; 
                        REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Float-Free and Beacon Requirements.--
            (1) In general.-- <<NOTE: 46 USC 3306 note.>> Not later than 
        1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Commandant shall seek to enter into negotiations through the 
        International Maritime Organization to amend regulation 20 of 
        chapter V of the International Convention for the Safety of Life 
        at Sea to require that all voyage data recorders are installed 
        in a float-free arrangement and contain an integrated emergency 
        position indicating radio beacon.
            (2) Progress update.--Not later than 3 years after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Commandant shall submit to the 
        Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate 
        and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
        House of Representatives an update on the progress of the 
        engagement required under paragraph (1).

    (b) Cost-Benefit Analysis.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Commandant shall submit to the Committee 
on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee 
on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a 
cost-benefit analysis of requiring that voyage data recorders installed 
on commercial vessels documented under chapter 121 of title 46, United 
States Code, capture communications on the internal telephone systems of 
such vessels, including requiring the capture of both sides of all 
communications with the bridge onboard such vessels.
SEC. 209. <<NOTE: Deadline. 14 USC 88 note.>>  SURVIVAL AND 
                        LOCATING EQUIPMENT.

    Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Commandant shall, subject to the availability of appropriations, 
identify and procure equipment that will provide search-and-rescue units 
the ability to attach a radio or Automated Identification System strobe 
or beacon to an object that is not immediately retrievable.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3748]]

SEC. 210. <<NOTE: Deadlines. 14 USC 93 note.>>  TRAINING OF COAST 
                        GUARD PERSONNEL.

    (a) Prospective Sector Commander Training.--Not later than 1 year 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Commandant shall 
implement an Officer in Charge, Marine Inspections segment to the sector 
commander indoctrination course for prospective sector commanders 
without a Coast Guard prevention ashore officer specialty code.
    (b) Steamship Inspections.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Commandant shall implement steam plant 
inspection training for Coast Guard marine inspectors and, subject to 
availability, recognized organizations to which authority is delegated 
under section 3316 of title 46, United States Code.
    (c) Advanced Journeyman Inspector Training.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Commandant shall establish 
        advanced training to provide instruction on the oversight of 
        recognized organizations to which authority is delegated under 
        section 3316 of title 46, United States Code, auditing 
        responsibilities, and the inspection of unique vessel types.
            (2) Recipients.--The Commandant shall--
                    (A) require that such training be completed by 
                senior Coast Guard marine inspectors; and
                    (B) subject to availability of training capacity, 
                make such training available to recognized organization 
                surveyors authorized by the Coast Guard to conduct 
                inspections.

    (d) Coast Guard Inspections Staff; Briefing.--Not later than 1 year 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Commandant shall 
provide to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
Senate and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
House of Representatives a briefing detailing--
            (1) the estimated time and funding necessary to triple the 
        current size of the Coast Guard's traveling inspector staff; and
            (2) other options available to the Coast Guard to enhance 
        and maintain marine safety knowledge, including discussion of 
        increased reliance on--
                    (A) civilian marine inspectors;
                    (B) experienced licensed mariners;
                    (C) retired members of the Coast Guard;
                    (D) arranging for Coast Guard inspectors to ride 
                onboard commercial oceangoing vessels documented under 
                chapter 121 of title 46, United States Code, to gain 
                experience and insight; and
                    (E) extending tour-lengths for Coast Guard marine 
                safety officers assigned to inspection billets.

    (e) Audits; Coast Guard Attendance and Performance.--Not later than 
180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Commandant 
shall--
            (1) <<NOTE: Policy update. Risk analysis.>>  update Coast 
        Guard policy to utilize risk analysis to target the attendance 
        of Coast Guard personnel during external safety management 
        certificate and document of compliance audits; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3749]]

            (2) perform a quality assurance audit of recognized 
        organization representation and performance regarding United 
        States-flagged vessels.
SEC. 211. MAJOR MARINE CASUALTY PROPERTY DAMAGE THRESHOLD.

    Section 6101(i)(3) of title 46, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``$500,000'' and inserting ``$2,000,000''.
SEC. 212. <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  REVIEWS, BRIEFINGS, REPORTS, AND 
                        TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

    (a) Major Conversion Determinations.--
            (1) Review of policies and procedures.--The Commandant shall 
        conduct a review of policies and procedures for making and 
        documenting major conversion determinations, including an 
        examination of the deference given to precedent.
            (2) Briefing.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Commandant shall provide to the 
        Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate 
        and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
        House of Representatives a briefing on the findings of the 
        review required by paragraph (1).

    (b) Ventilators, Openings and Stability Standards.--
            (1) Review.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Commandant shall complete a review of 
        the effectiveness of United States regulations, international 
        conventions, recognized organizations' class rules, and Coast 
        Guard technical policy regarding--
                    (A) ventilators and other hull openings;
                    (B) fire dampers and other closures protecting 
                openings normally open during operations;
                    (C) intact and damage stability standards under 
                subchapter S of chapter I of title 46, Code of Federal 
                Regulations; and
                    (D) lifesaving equipment for mariners, including 
                survival suits and life jackets.
            (2) Briefing.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Commandant shall provide to the 
        Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate 
        and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
        House of Representatives a briefing on the effectiveness of the 
        regulations, international conventions, recognized 
        organizations' class rules, and Coast Guard technical policy 
        reviewed under paragraph (1).

    (c) Self-Locating Datum Marker Buoys.--Not later than 6 months after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Commandant shall provide to 
the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and 
the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives a briefing on the reliability of self-locating datum 
marker buoys and other similar technology used during Coast Guard 
search-and-rescue operations. The briefing shall include a description 
of reasonable steps the Commandant could take to increase the 
reliability of such buoys, including the potential to leverage 
technology used by the Navy, and how protocols could be developed to 
conduct testing of such buoys before using them for operations.
    (d) Correction. <<NOTE: 45 USC 822 note.>> --
            (1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
        the Secretary of Transportation, for purposes of section

[[Page 132 STAT. 3750]]

        502(f)(4) of the Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform 
        Act of 1976 (45 U.S.C. 822(f)(4)) (as in effect on the day 
        before the amendments made by section 11607 of Public Law 114-94 
        (129 Stat. 1698) took effect)--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  not later than 30 days 
                after the date of enactment of this Act, and in 
                consultation with the Director of the Office of 
                Management and Budget, shall define the term ``cohorts 
                of loans'';
                    (B) before the deadline described in paragraph (2), 
                shall return to the original source, on a pro rata 
                basis, the credit risk premiums paid for the loans in 
                the cohort of loans, with interest accrued thereon, that 
                were not used to mitigate losses; and
                    (C) shall not treat the repayment of a loan after 
                the date of enactment of Public Law 114-94 as 
                precluding, limiting, or negatively affecting the 
                satisfaction of the obligation of its cohort prior to 
                the enactment of Public Law 114-94.
            (2) Deadline described.--The deadline described in this 
        paragraph is--
                    (A) if all obligations attached to a cohort of loans 
                have been satisfied, not later than 60 days after the 
                date of enactment of this Act; and
                    (B) if all obligations attached to a cohort of loans 
                have not been satisfied, not later than 60 days after 
                the date on which all obligations attached to the cohort 
                of loans are satisfied.

    (e) Oversight Program; Effectiveness. <<NOTE: Assessment.>> --
            (1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Commandant shall commission an 
        assessment of the effectiveness of the Coast Guard's oversight 
        of recognized organizations and its impact on compliance by and 
        safety of vessels inspected by such organizations.
            (2) Experience.--The assessment commissioned under paragraph 
        (1) shall be conducted by a research organization with 
        significant experience in maritime operations and marine safety.
            (3) Submission to congress.--Not later than 180 days after 
        the date that the assessment required under paragraph (1) is 
        completed, the Commandant shall submit to the Committee on 
        Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the 
        Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives the results of such assessment.
SEC. 213. <<NOTE: 46 USC 3203 note.>>  FLAG-STATE GUIDANCE AND 
                        SUPPLEMENTS.

    (a) Freight Vessels; Damage Control Information.-- 
<<NOTE: Deadline.>> Within 1 year after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall issue flag-State guidance for all freight 
vessels documented under chapter 121 of title 46, United States Code, 
built before January 1, 1992, regarding the inclusion of comprehensive 
damage control information in safety management plans required under 
chapter 32 of title 46, United States Code.

    (b) Recognized Organizations; United States Supplement.--The 
Commandant shall--
            (1) work with recognized organizations to create a single 
        United States Supplement to rules of such organizations for 
        classification of vessels; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 3751]]

            (2) <<NOTE: Deadline. Briefing.>>  by not later than 1 year 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, provide to the 
        Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate 
        and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
        House of Representatives a briefing on whether it is necessary 
        to revise part 8 of title 46, Code of Federal Regulations, to 
        authorize only one United States Supplement to such rules.
SEC. 214. MARINE SAFETY STRATEGY.

    Section 2116 of title 46, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``each year of an 
        annual'' and inserting ``of a triennial'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Annual'' and inserting ``Triennial''; and
                    (B) by striking ``annual'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``triennial'';
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking ``fiscal year 2011 and each fiscal 
                year'' and inserting ``fiscal year 2020 and 
                triennially''; and
                    (B) by striking ``annual plan'' and inserting 
                ``triennial plan''; and
            (4) in subsection (d)(2), by striking ``annually'' and 
        inserting ``triennially''.
SEC. 215. RECOGNIZED ORGANIZATIONS; OVERSIGHT.

    (a) In General.--Section 3316 of title 46, United States Code, is 
amended by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h), and by 
inserting after subsection (f) the following:
    ``(g)(1) There shall be within the Coast Guard an office that 
conducts comprehensive and targeted oversight of all recognized 
organizations that act on behalf of the Coast Guard.
    ``(2) The staff of the office shall include subject matter experts, 
including inspectors, investigators, and auditors, who possess the 
capability and authority to audit all aspects of such recognized 
organizations.
    ``(3) <<NOTE: Definition.>> In this subsection the term `recognized 
organization' has the meaning given that term in section 2.45-1 of title 
46, Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on the date of the 
enactment of the Hamm Alert Maritime Safety Act of 2018.''.

    (b) Deadline for Establishment.-- <<NOTE: 46 USC 3316 note.>> The 
Commandant of the Coast Guard shall establish the office required by the 
amendment made by subsection (a) by not later than 2 years after the 
date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 216. <<NOTE: Deadline. Vessels.>>  TIMELY WEATHER FORECASTS 
                        AND HAZARD ADVISORIES FOR MERCHANT 
                        MARINERS.

    Not <<NOTE: 46 USC 3201 note.>> later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Commandant shall seek to enter into 
negotiations through the International Maritime Organization to amend 
the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea to require 
that vessels subject to the requirements of such Convention receive--
            (1) timely synoptic and graphical chart weather forecasts; 
        and
            (2) where available, timely hazard advisories for merchant 
        mariners, including broadcasts of tropical cyclone forecasts and 
        advisories, intermediate public advisories, and tropical cyclone 
        updates to mariners via appropriate technologies.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3752]]

SEC. 217. <<NOTE: 46 USC 3315 note.>>  ANONYMOUS SAFETY ALERT 
                        SYSTEM.

    (a) Pilot Program.-- <<NOTE: Deadline.>> Not later than 1 year after 
the date of enactment of this Act, the Commandant shall establish an 
anonymous safety alert pilot program.

    (b) Requirements.--The pilot program established under subsection 
(a) shall provide an anonymous reporting mechanism to allow crew members 
to communicate urgent and dire safety concerns directly and in a timely 
manner with the Coast Guard.
SEC. 218. MARINE SAFETY IMPLEMENTATION STATUS.

    (a) In General.-- <<NOTE: Deadline. Briefing.>> Not later than 
December 19 of 2018, and of each of the 2 subsequent years thereafter, 
the Commandant shall provide to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a briefing on the status 
of implementation of each action outlined in the Commandant's final 
action memo dated December 19, 2017, regarding the sinking and loss of 
the vessel El Faro.

    (b) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Department of Homeland Security Inspector General shall 
report to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
Senate and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
House of Representatives on the status of the Coast Guard's 
implementation of each action outlined in the Commandant's final action 
memo dated December 19, 2017, regarding the sinking and loss of the 
vessel El Faro.
SEC. 219. <<NOTE: Deadlines. 46 USC 3316 note.>>  DELEGATED 
                        AUTHORITIES.

    (a) In General.-- <<NOTE: Review. Policies. Procedures.>> Not later 
than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Commandant 
shall review the authorities that have been delegated to recognized 
organizations for the alternative compliance program as described in 
subpart D of part 8 of title 46, Code of Federal Regulations, and, if 
necessary, revise or establish policies and procedures to ensure those 
delegated authorities are being conducted in a manner to ensure safe 
maritime transportation.

    (b) Briefing.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Commandant shall provide to the Committee on Commerce, 
Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a 
briefing on the implementation of subsection (a).

  TITLE III-- <<NOTE: Coast Guard Blue Technology Center of Expertise 
Act.>> CENTER OF EXPERTISE
SEC. 301. <<NOTE: 14 USC 1 note.>>  SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Coast Guard Blue Technology Center 
of Expertise Act''.
SEC. 302. <<NOTE: 14 USC 58 note.>>  COAST GUARD BLUE TECHNOLOGY 
                        CENTER OF EXPERTISE.

    (a) Establishment.-- <<NOTE: Deadline.>> Not later than 1 year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act and subject to the availability of 
appropriations, the Commandant may establish under section 58 of title 
14, United States Code, a Blue Technology center of expertise.

    (b) Missions.--In addition to the missions listed in section 58(b) 
of title 14, United States Code, the Center may--

[[Page 132 STAT. 3753]]

            (1) promote awareness within the Coast Guard of the range 
        and diversity of Blue Technologies and their potential to 
        enhance Coast Guard mission readiness, operational performance, 
        and regulation of such technologies;
            (2) function as an interactive conduit to enable the sharing 
        and dissemination of Blue Technology information between the 
        Coast Guard and representatives from the private sector, 
        academia, nonprofit organizations, and other Federal agencies;
            (3) increase awareness among Blue Technology manufacturers, 
        entrepreneurs, and vendors of Coast Guard acquisition policies, 
        procedures, and business practices;
            (4) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  provide technical support, 
        coordination, and assistance to Coast Guard districts and the 
        Coast Guard Research and Development Center, as appropriate; and
            (5) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  subject to the requirements of 
        the Coast Guard Academy, coordinate with the Academy to develop 
        appropriate curricula regarding Blue Technology to be offered in 
        professional courses of study to give Coast Guard cadets and 
        officer candidates a greater background and understanding of 
        Blue Technologies.

    (c) Blue Technology Exposition; Briefing.-- <<NOTE: Deadline.>> Not 
later than 6 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Commandant shall provide to the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a briefing on the 
costs and benefits of hosting a biennial Coast Guard Blue Technology 
exposition to further interactions between representatives from the 
private sector, academia, and nonprofit organizations, and the Coast 
Guard and examine emerging technologies and Coast Guard mission demands.

    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Center.--The term ``Center'' means the Blue Technology 
        center of expertise established under this section.
            (2) Commandant.--The term ``Commandant'' means the 
        Commandant of the Coast Guard.
            (3) Blue technology.--The term ``Blue Technology'' means any 
        technology, system, or platform that--
                    (A) is designed for use or application above, on, or 
                below the sea surface or that is otherwise applicable to 
                Coast Guard operational needs, including such a 
                technology, system, or platform that provides continuous 
                or persistent coverage; and
                    (B) supports or facilitates--
                          (i) maritime domain awareness, including--
                                    (I) surveillance and monitoring;
                                    (II) observation, measurement, and 
                                modeling: or
                                    (III) information technology and 
                                communications;
                          (ii) search and rescue;
                          (iii) emergency response;
                          (iv) maritime law enforcement;
                          (v) marine inspections and investigations; or

[[Page 132 STAT. 3754]]

                          (vi) protection and conservation of the marine 
                      environment.

    Approved October 11, 2018.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--S. 3508:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 164 (2018):
            Sept. 26, considered and passed Senate.
            Sept. 27, considered and passed House.
DAILY COMPILATION OF PRESIDENTIAL DOCUMENTS (2018):
            Oct. 11, Presidential remarks and statement.

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