Text: S.3651 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in Senate (11/15/2018)


115th CONGRESS
2d Session
S. 3651


To require the Attorney General to study the effectiveness of retail theft rehabilitation programs and to clarify that such programs are permissible under Federal law.


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

November 15, 2018

Mr. Hatch introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary


A BILL

To require the Attorney General to study the effectiveness of retail theft rehabilitation programs and to clarify that such programs are permissible under Federal law.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Retail Justice Review Act of 2018”.

SEC. 2. Definitions.

In this Act—

(1) the term “potential program participant” means an individual who a retailer has probable cause to believe stole or attempted to seal property from the retailer;

(2) the term “program participant” means an individual who—

(A) a retailer has probable cause to believe stole or attempted to steal property from the retailer; and

(B) participates in a retail theft rehabilitation program offered by the retailer;

(3) the term “retail theft rehabilitation program” means an education program that a retailer offers, directly or through a third party, to a potential program participant instead of making or filing a report of theft with a law enforcement agency; and

(4) the term “retailer” means a person that is engaged in the business of selling goods at retail.

SEC. 3. Study and report.

(a) Study.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Attorney General shall conduct a study that examines the effectiveness of retail theft rehabilitation programs.

(2) REQUIREMENTS.—In conducting the study under paragraph (1), the Attorney General shall—

(A) consider any information the Attorney General considers relevant to examining the effectiveness of retail theft rehabilitation programs, including the effect of the programs on—

(i) the number of calls made to law enforcement agencies due to retail theft;

(ii) the burden of retail theft on law enforcement agencies, prosecutors, courts, and other justice system agencies;

(iii) the recovery of restitution or civil remedies by retailers; and

(iv) recidivism among program participants;

(B) evaluate the fairness of retail theft rehabilitation programs, including whether the effects of the programs are discriminatory on the basis of race, age, sex, or income;

(C) include case studies of retail theft rehabilitation programs in effect as of the date on which the study is initiated, including, to the extent practicable, case studies drawn from geographically diverse regions of the United States; and

(D) consult with—

(i) program participants;

(ii) retailers who have implemented retail theft rehabilitation programs;

(iii) Federal, State, local, and tribal law enforcement agencies; and

(iv) third-party providers of retail theft rehabilitation programs.

(b) Report.—Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall submit to Congress and make publicly available a report containing—

(1) findings from the study conducted under subsection (a); and

(2) final recommendations based on the findings under paragraph (1) of this subsection.

SEC. 4. Applicability of Federal law.

Notwithstanding any other provision of Federal law, a retailer may offer a retail theft rehabilitation program in accordance with State, local, and tribal law.


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