There are 8 versions of this bill. View text

Click the check-box to add or remove the section, click the text link to scroll to that section.
Titles Actions Overview All Actions Cosponsors Committees Related Bills Subjects Latest Summary All Summaries

Titles (14)

Short Titles

Short Titles as Enacted

First Step Act of 2018

Short Titles as Enacted for portions of this bill
  • Lieutenant Osvaldo Albarati Correctional Officer Self-Protection Act of 2018
  • Second Chance Reauthorization Act of 2018

Other Short Titles

First Step Act of 2018

Other Short Titles for portions of a bill
  • Lieutenant Osvaldo Albarati Correctional Officer Self-Protection Act of 2018
  • Second Chance Reauthorization Act of 2018

Short Titles - House of Representatives

Short Titles as Passed House

Save Our Seas Act of 2018

Short Titles - Senate

Short Titles as Passed Senate

SOS Act of 2017
Save Our Seas Act of 2017

Short Titles as Reported to Senate

SOS Act of 2017
Save Our Seas Act of 2017

Short Titles as Introduced

SOS Act of 2017
Save Our Seas Act of 2017

Official Titles

Official Titles - Senate

Official Titles as Introduced

A bill to reauthorize and amend the Marine Debris Act to promote international action to reduce marine debris, and for other purposes.


Actions Overview (9)

Date Actions Overview
12/21/2018Became Public Law No: 115-391. (TXT | PDF)
12/21/2018Signed by President.
12/20/2018Presented to President.
12/20/2018Resolving differences -- House actions: On motion that the House suspend the rules and agree to the Senate amendment to the House amendment Agreed to by the Yeas and Nays (2/3 required): 358 - 36 (Roll No. 448).(consideration: CR H10431; text: CR H10346-10360)
12/18/2018Resolving differences -- Senate actions: Senate concurred in the House amendment to S. 756 with an amendment (SA 4108) by Yea-Nay Vote. 87 - 12. Record Vote Number: 271.
07/25/2018Passed/agreed to in House: On motion to suspend the rules and pass the bill, as amended Agreed to by voice vote.(text: CR H7640-7642)
08/03/2017Passed/agreed to in Senate: Passed Senate with amendments by Unanimous Consent.
07/24/2017Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. Reported by Senator Thune without amendment. With written report No. 115-135.
03/29/2017Introduced in Senate

All Actions (52)

Date Chamber All Actions
12/21/2018Became Public Law No: 115-391. (TXT | PDF)
12/21/2018Signed by President.
12/20/2018SenatePresented to President.
12/20/2018-1:59pmHouseMotion to reconsider laid on the table Agreed to without objection.
12/20/2018-1:59pmHouseOn motion that the House suspend the rules and agree to the Senate amendment to the House amendment Agreed to by the Yeas and Nays (2/3 required): 358 - 36 (Roll No. 448). (consideration: CR H10431; text: CR H10346-10360)
12/20/2018-11:47amHouseAt the conclusion of debate, the Yeas and Nays were demanded and ordered. Pursuant to the provisions of clause 8, rule XX, the chair announced that further proceedings on the motion would be postponed.
12/20/2018-11:01amHouseDEBATE - The House proceeded with forty minutes of debate on the motion to suspend the rules and agree to the Senate amendment to the House amendment to S. 756.
12/20/2018-11:01amHouseMr. Goodlatte moved that the House suspend the rules and agree to the Senate amendment to the House amendment. (consideration: CR H10346-10366)
12/19/2018SenateMessage on Senate action sent to the House.
12/18/2018SenateS.Amdt.4108 Amendment SA 4108 agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 87 - 12. Record Vote Number: 271.
12/18/2018SenateSenate concurred in the House amendment to S. 756 with an amendment (SA 4108) by Yea-Nay Vote. 87 - 12. Record Vote Number: 271.
12/18/2018SenateS.Amdt.4131 Amendment SA 4131 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
12/18/2018SenateS.Amdt.4131 Amendment SA 4131 proposed by Senator McConnell for Senator Cruz to Amendment SA 4108. (consideration: CR S7781) To expand the list of offenses for which a prisoner is ineligible to receive certain time credits and to modify a provision relating to a limitation on faith-based activities.
12/18/2018SenateS.Amdt.4109 Amendment SA 4109 (Division III) not agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 37 - 62. Record Vote Number: 270.
12/18/2018SenateS.Amdt.4109 Amendment SA 4109 (Division II) not agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 33 - 66. Record Vote Number: 269.
12/18/2018SenateS.Amdt.4109 Amendment SA 4109 (Division I) not agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 32 - 67. Record Vote Number: 268.
12/18/2018SenateConsidered by Senate (Message from the House considered). (consideration: CR S7740-7745, S7746-7752, S7753-7781)
12/18/2018SenateS.Amdt.4109 Considered by Senate (Message from the House considered). (consideration: CR S7740, S7781)
12/18/2018SenateS.Amdt.4108 Considered by Senate (Message from the House considered). (consideration: CR S7740, S7781)
12/17/2018SenateCloture on the motion to concur in the House amendment to S. 756 with an amendment (SA 4108) invoked in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 82 - 12. Record Vote Number: 267. (text: CR S7650)
12/17/2018SenateConsidered by Senate (Message from the House considered). (consideration: CR S7639)
12/17/2018SenateS.Amdt.4109 Considered by Senate (Message from the House considered). (consideration: CR S7639)
12/17/2018SenateS.Amdt.4108 Considered by Senate (Message from the House considered). (consideration: CR S7639)
12/13/2018SenateCloture motion on the motion to concur in the House amendment to S. 756 with an amendment (SA 4108) presented in Senate. (text: CR 7567)
12/13/2018SenateS.Amdt.4109 Amendment SA 4109 was divided into Divisions I, II, and III.
12/13/2018SenateS.Amdt.4109 Amendment SA 4109 proposed by Senator McConnell for Senator Kennedy to Amendment SA 4108. (consideration: CR S7566-7567; text: CR S7567) To require the Director of the Bureau of Prisons to notify each victim of the offense for which the prisoner is imprisoned the date on which the prisoner will be released.
12/13/2018SenateS.Amdt.4108 Amendment SA 4108 proposed by Senator McConnell for Senator Grassley. (consideration: CR S7566-7567) To provide for programs to help reduce the risk that prisoners will recidivate upon release from prison, and for other purposes.
12/13/2018SenateMotion by Senator McConnell to concur in the House amendment to S. 756 with an amendment (SA 4108) made in Senate.
12/13/2018SenateMeasure laid before Senate by unanimous consent.
07/26/2018SenateMessage on House action received in Senate and at desk: House amendment to Senate bill.
07/25/2018-2:57pmHouseMotion to reconsider laid on the table Agreed to without objection.
07/25/2018-2:57pmHouseOn motion to suspend the rules and pass the bill, as amended Agreed to by voice vote. (text: CR H7640-7642)
07/25/2018-2:34pmHouseDEBATE - The House proceeded with forty minutes of debate on S. 756.
07/25/2018-2:33pmHouseConsidered under suspension of the rules. (consideration: CR H7640-7645)
07/25/2018-2:33pmHouseMr. Young (AK) moved to suspend the rules and pass the bill, as amended.
06/27/2018HouseOrdered to be Reported (Amended) by Voice Vote.
Action By: Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
06/27/2018HouseCommittee Consideration and Mark-up Session Held.
Action By: Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
06/27/2018HouseSubcommittee on Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation Discharged.
08/08/2017HouseReferred to the Subcommittee on Water, Power and Oceans.
Action By: Committee on Natural Resources
08/07/2017HouseReferred to the Subcommittee on Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation.
Action By: Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
08/04/2017HouseReferred to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, and in addition to the Committee on Natural Resources, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned.
08/04/2017HouseReferred to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, and in addition to the Committee on Natural Resources, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned.
08/04/2017-1:06pmHouseReceived in the House.
08/04/2017SenateMessage on Senate action sent to the House.
08/03/2017SenatePassed Senate with amendments by Unanimous Consent.
08/03/2017SenateS.Amdt.773 Amendment SA 773 agreed to in Senate by Unanimous Consent.
08/03/2017SenateS.Amdt.773 Amendment SA 773 proposed by Senator Murkowski for Senator Sullivan. (consideration: CR S4895; text: CR S4895) To improve the bill.
08/03/2017SenateMeasure laid before Senate by unanimous consent. (consideration: CR S4895)
07/24/2017SenatePlaced on Senate Legislative Calendar under General Orders. Calendar No. 181.
07/24/2017SenateCommittee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. Reported by Senator Thune without amendment. With written report No. 115-135.
04/05/2017SenateCommittee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. Ordered to be reported without amendment favorably.
03/29/2017SenateRead twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation.

Cosponsors (21)


Committees (3)

Committees, subcommittees and links to reports associated with this bill are listed here, as well as the nature and date of committee activity and Congressional report number.

Committee / Subcommittee Date Activity Reports
Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation03/29/2017 Referred to
04/05/2017 Markup by
07/24/2017 Reported by S. Rept. 115-135
House Transportation and Infrastructure08/04/2017 Referred to
06/27/2018 Markup by
House Transportation and Infrastructure Subcommittee on Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation08/07/2017 Referred to
06/27/2018 Discharged from
House Natural Resources08/04/2017 Referred to
House Natural Resources Subcommittee on Water, Power and Oceans08/08/2017 Referred to

A related bill may be a companion measure, an identical bill, a procedurally-related measure, or one with text similarities. Bill relationships are identified by the House, the Senate, or CRS, and refer only to same-congress measures.


Subjects (72)


Latest Summary (4)

There are 4 summaries for S.756. View summaries

Shown Here:
Public Law No: 115-391 (12/21/2018)

First Step Act of 2018

TITLE I--RECIDIVISM REDUCTION

(Sec. 101) This bill directs the Department of Justice (DOJ) to establish a risk and needs assessment system to evaluate the recidivism risk of prisoners; to guide housing, grouping, and program assignments; and to incentivize and reward participation in and completion of recidivism reduction programs and productive activities.

(Sec. 102) The Bureau of Prisons (BOP) must implement the risk and needs assessment system at its facilities.

The bill modifies the computation of good time credit to allow a prisoner to earn a maximum of 54 days per year of the sentence imposed (instead of 54 days per year of the sentence actually served).

(Sec. 103) The Government Accountability Office must audit the use of the risk and needs assessment system at BOP facilities.

(Sec. 104) The bill authorizes funds for FY2019-FY2023 to establish and implement the risk and needs assessment system. Of the amount appropriated, 80% is reserved for use by the BOP for implementation.

(Sec. 105) The bill does not authorize prerelease custody or supervised release for an individual serving a prison term for a state offense.

(Sec. 106) It prohibits discrimination against a program, treatment, regimen, group, company, charity, person, or entity based on the fact that it may be or is faith-based.

(Sec. 107) The bill establishes the Independent Review Committee to help DOJ:

  • review existing prisoner risk and needs assessment systems,
  • develop recommendations regarding rehabilitative programs and productive activities,
  • research and analyze the effectiveness of such programs, and
  • review and validate the system.

TITLE II--BUREAU OF PRISONS SECURE FIREARMS STORAGE

Lieutenant Osvaldo Albarati Correctional Officer Self-Protection Act of 2018

(Sec. 202) The BOP must allow federal correctional officers to securely store and carry concealed firearms on BOP premises outside the security perimeter of a prison.

TITLE III--RESTRAINTS ON PREGNANT PRISONERS PROHIBITED

(Sec. 301) The bill limits the use of restraints on federal prisoners who are pregnant or in postpartum recovery.

TITLE IV--SENTENCING REFORM

(Sec. 401) This bill reduces, and restricts the application of, the enhanced mandatory minimum prison terms for certain repeat drug offenses involving high-level drug quantities (e.g., one kilogram or more of heroin).

Specifically, it reduces the mandatory minimum sentence:

  • from 20 to 15 years for a high-level offense after one prior conviction, and
  • from life to 25 years for a high-level offense after two or more prior convictions.

Additionally, the mandatory minimum penalty applies if the prior convictions are for a serious drug felony or serious violent felony (currently, a felony drug offense).

(Sec. 402) It broadens eligibility for the existing safety valve exception. Courts may impose a sentence below the mandatory minimum for certain nonviolent, cooperative drug defendants with a limited criminal history.

(Sec. 403) The bill reduces from 25 to 15 years the enhanced mandatory minimum prison term for a defendant who uses a firearm in a crime of violence or drug offense after a prior conviction for such offense.

(Sec. 404) It makes the Fair Sentencing Act of 2010 retroactive. A convicted crack cocaine offender sentenced before August 3, 2010, may petition federal court for resentencing.

TITLE V--SECOND CHANCE ACT OF 2007 REAUTHORIZATION

Second Chance Reauthorization Act of 2018

(Sec. 502) This bill amends the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968:

  • to revise and reauthorize grant programs for offender reentry demonstration projects; family-based substance abuse treatment; and evaluating and improving educational methods at prisons, jails, and juvenile facilities; and
  • to repeal grant programs for offender reentry courts and drug treatment alternatives to incarceration.

Additionally, the legislation amends the Second Chance Act of 2007:

  • to rename, revise, and reauthorize grant programs for technology career training demonstration projects and reentry mentoring services;
  • to reauthorize offender reentry research and the grant program for offender reentry substance abuse and criminal justice collaboration;
  • to reauthorize and modify eligibility for an elderly offender early release pilot program; and
  • to repeal grant programs for the responsible reintegration of offenders and the study of Depot Naltrexone to treat heroin addiction.

It amends the federal criminal code to establish partnerships between prisons and faith- or community-based nonprofit organizations to conduct activities to reduce recidivism.

(Sec. 503) The DOJ Office of Inspector General must conduct annual audits of selected grant recipients to prevent waste, fraud, and abuse of funds. The bill subjects grants to accountability provisions and limits the use of grants for conferences that use more than $20,000 in DOJ funds.

DOJ, in collaboration with interested persons, providers, and organizations, and state, local, and tribal governments, must coordinate and report to Congress on federal reentry programs, policies, and practices.

Finally, the National Institute of Justice must evaluate the effectiveness of grants for offender reentry and recidivism reduction programs.

TITLE VI--MISCELLANEOUS CRIMINAL JUSTICE

(Sec. 601) The bill amends the federal criminal code:

  • to direct the BOP to place a prisoner in a facility that is not more than 500 driving miles away from the prisoner's primary residence, subject to bed availability and the prisoner's security designation; and
  • to specify that the designation of a prison placement is not reviewable by a court.

(Sec. 602) The BOP must place low-risk prisoners on home confinement for the maximum amount of time permitted.

(Sec. 603) The bill reauthorizes through FY2022 and modifies eligibility for an elderly offender early release pilot program.

(Sec. 604) The BOP must, as part of prerelease planning procedures, help a prisoner obtain identification, including a Social Security card, driver's license or other official photo identification, and a birth certificate.

(Sec. 605) The bill authorizes Federal Prison Industries to sell products to new markets such as the District of Columbia government and nonprofit organizations.

(Sec. 606) The BOP must incorporate specialized and comprehensive de-escalation procedures into its training programs.

(Sec. 607) The BOP must report on its capacity to treat heroin and opioid abuse through evidence-based programs, including medication-assisted treatment.

The Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts must report on the capacity of treatment-service providers to provide medication-assisted treatment for opioid and heroin abuse to prisoners serving a term of supervised release, including plans to expand access.

(Sec. 608) The BOP must establish pilot programs: (1) on youth mentorship; and (2) on service to abandoned, rescued, or vulnerable animals.

(Sec. 609) Probation and pretrial services officers must perform court-directed supervision of sex offenders conditionally released from civil commitment.

(Sec. 610) The bill expands data collection requirements regarding the National Prisoner Statistics Program.

(Sec. 611) The BOP must make tampons and sanitary napkins available free of charge.

(Sec. 612) The bill requires at least 8% of funds for the Justice and Mental Health Collaboration Program to be used to provide technical assistance.

(Sec. 613) The bill prohibits juvenile solitary confinement, except as a temporary response to behavior that poses a serious and immediate risk of harm.