Text: S.956 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in Senate (04/27/2017)


115th CONGRESS
1st Session
S. 956


To amend the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act to limit the authority of the President to withdraw areas from oil and gas leasing, and for other purposes.


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

April 27, 2017

Mr. Cassidy (for himself and Mr. Kennedy) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources


A BILL

To amend the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act to limit the authority of the President to withdraw areas from oil and gas leasing, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Outer Continental Shelf Energy Access Now Act” or the “OCEAN Act”.

SEC. 2. Limitation of authority of the President to withdraw areas of the outer Continental Shelf from oil and gas leasing.

(a) Withdrawals.—

(1) LIMITATION.—Section 12 of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C. 1341) is amended—

(A) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:

“(a) Limitation on withdrawals.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—Except as otherwise provided in this section, no unleased land of the outer Continental Shelf may be withdrawn from disposition except by Act of Congress.

“(2) NATIONAL MARINE SANCTUARIES.—The President, through a rulemaking under section 553 of title 5, United States Code, may withdraw from disposition any of the unleased land of the outer Continental Shelf located in a national marine sanctuary.”; and

(B) in subsection (c)—

(i) by striking “(c) All leases” and inserting the following:

“(c) National security provisions.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—All leases”; and

(ii) by adding at the end the following:

“(2) TIME PERIOD FOR SUSPENSION OF OPERATIONS.—Any suspension of operations under paragraph (1)—

“(A) shall be for a period of not more than 90 days; and

“(B) may be renewed for one or more additional periods of not more than 90 days each.”.

(2) EXISTING WITHDRAWALS.—Any withdrawal from disposition of any of the unleased land of the outer Continental Shelf under section 12(a) of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C. 1341(a)) (as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of this Act) that occurred before the date of the enactment of this Act (other than a withdrawal from disposition any of the unleased land of the outer Continental Shelf located in a national marine sanctuary or a national monument) shall have no force or effect.

(b) Termination of authority To establish marine national monuments.—

(1) TERMINATION OF AUTHORITY.—Section 320301 of title 54, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

“(e) Limitation of marine areas.—Notwithstanding subsections (a) and (b), the President may not declare or reserve any ocean waters (as defined in section 3 of the Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act of 1972 (33 U.S.C. 1402)) or land beneath ocean waters as a national monument.”.

(2) EXISTING MONUMENTS NOT AFFECTED.—Nothing in the amendment made by paragraph (1) affects any national monument declared before the date of the enactment of this Act.