Text: H.R.1100 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (02/07/2019)


116th CONGRESS
1st Session
H. R. 1100


To direct the Attorney General to make grants to States that have in place laws that expand the protections offered to victims of sex offenses who are not in a familiar or dating relationship with the perpetrators of such offenses.


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

February 7, 2019

Mr. Smith of New Jersey (for himself and Ms. Velázquez) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary


A BILL

To direct the Attorney General to make grants to States that have in place laws that expand the protections offered to victims of sex offenses who are not in a familiar or dating relationship with the perpetrators of such offenses.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Nicole’s Law Act of 2019”.

SEC. 2. Definition.

The term “covered formula grant” means a grant under—

(1) part T of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10441 et seq.) (commonly referred to as the “STOP Violence Against Women Formula Grant Program”); or

(2) section 41601 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12511) (commonly referred to as “Sexual Assault Services Program”).

SEC. 3. Increased funding for formula grants authorized.

The Attorney General shall increase the amount provided to a State under the covered formula grants in accordance with this Act if the State has in place laws and policies that ensure that, with respect to criminal cases involving sex offenses (as defined by the State), protections similar to those offered to a victim of domestic violence are extended to a victim of a sex offense who is not in a familial or dating relationship with the perpetrator of such offense, including laws and policies that—

(1) expressly authorize judges and courts to issue, as a condition of bail, parole, probation, or other supervised release, protection orders that prohibit a defendant charged with a sex offense from having any contact with the victim or with the victim's friends, co-workers, or relatives;

(2) permit judges and courts, after finding a defendant guilty of a sex offense, to order a continuation of a protection order described in paragraph (1), or to otherwise restrict a defendant's contact with the victim, as a condition of bail, parole, probation, or other supervised release; and

(3) provide judges and courts with the authority to grant or extend a protection order until further order of a judge or court, as an alternative to issuing protection orders that expire on a specific date or upon termination of a sentence or period of bail, parole, probation, or other supervised release.

SEC. 4. Application.

A State seeking an increase under this Act in the amount provided to the State under the covered formula grants shall include in the application of the State for each covered formula grant such information as the Attorney General may reasonably require, including information about a law or policy described in section 2.

SEC. 5. Grant increase.

The amount of the increase provided under this Act to a State under the covered formula grants shall be equal to not more than 10 percent of the average of the total amount of funding provided to the State under the covered formula grants under the 3 most recent awards to the State.

SEC. 6. Period of increase.

(a) In general.—The Attorney General shall provide an increase under this Act in the amount provided to a State under the covered formula grants for a 2-year period.

(b) Limit.—The Attorney General may not provide an increase under this Act in the amount provided to a State under the covered formula grants more than 4 times.

SEC. 7. Allocation of increased formula grant funds.

The Attorney General shall allocate an increase under this Act in the amount provided to a State under the covered formula grants such that—

(1) 25 percent the amount of the increase is provided for the program described in section 2(1); and

(2) 75 percent the amount of the increase is provided for the program described in section 2(2).

SEC. 8. Authorization of appropriations.

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this Act $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024.