Text: H.R.1585 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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                                                        Calendar No. 66
116th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 1585


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                             April 8, 2019

                                Received

                             April 9, 2019

                           Read the first time

                             April 10, 2019

            Read the second time and placed on the calendar

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT


 
 To reauthorize the Violence Against Women Act of 1994, and for other 
                               purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Violence Against 
Women Reauthorization Act of 2019''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Universal definitions and grant conditions.
Sec. 3. Reporting on female genital mutilation, female genital cutting, 
                            or female circumcision.
Sec. 4. Agency and Department Coordination.
  TITLE I--ENHANCING LEGAL TOOLS TO COMBAT DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING 
                 VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, AND STALKING

Sec. 101. Stop grants.
Sec. 102. Grants to improve the criminal justice response.
Sec. 103. Legal assistance for victims.
Sec. 104. Grants to support families in the justice system.
Sec. 105. Outreach and services to underserved populations grants.
Sec. 106. Criminal provisions.
Sec. 107. Rape survivor child custody.
Sec. 108. Enhancing culturally specific services for victims of 
                            domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                            assault, and stalking.
Sec. 109. Grants for lethality assessment programs.
                TITLE II--IMPROVING SERVICES FOR VICTIMS

Sec. 201. Sexual assault services program.
Sec. 202. Sexual Assault Services Program.
Sec. 203. Rural domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
                            stalking, and child abuse enforcement 
                            assistance program.
Sec. 204. Training and services to end violence against people with 
                            disabilities.
Sec. 205. Training and services to end abuse in later life.
Sec. 206. Demonstration program on trauma-informed training for law 
                            enforcement.
     TITLE III--SERVICES, PROTECTION, AND JUSTICE FOR YOUNG VICTIMS

Sec. 301. Rape prevention and education grant.
Sec. 302. Creating hope through outreach, options, services, and 
                            education (CHOOSE) for children and youth.
Sec. 303. Grants to combat violent crimes on campuses.
Sec. 304. Combat online predators.
                 TITLE IV--VIOLENCE REDUCTION PRACTICES

Sec. 401. Study conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and 
                            Prevention.
Sec. 402. Saving Money and Reducing Tragedies (SMART) through 
                            Prevention grants.
         TITLE V--STRENGTHENING THE HEALTHCARE SYSTEMS RESPONSE

Sec. 501. Grants to strengthen the healthcare systems response to 
                            domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                            assault, and stalking.
                    TITLE VI--SAFE HOMES FOR VICTIMS

Sec. 601. Housing protections for victims of domestic violence, dating 
                            violence, sexual assault, and stalking.
Sec. 602. Ensuring compliance and implementation; prohibiting 
                            retaliation against victims.
Sec. 603. Protecting the right to report crime from one's home.
Sec. 604. Transitional housing assistance grants for victims of 
                            domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                            assault, or stalking.
Sec. 605. Addressing the housing needs of victims of domestic violence, 
                            dating violence, sexual assault, and 
                            stalking.
Sec. 606. United States Housing Act of 1937 amendments.
                TITLE VII--ECONOMIC SECURITY FOR VICTIMS

Sec. 701. Findings.
Sec. 702. National Resource Center on workplace responses to assist 
                            victims of domestic and sexual violence.
Sec. 703. Entitlement to unemployment compensation for victims of 
                            sexual and other harassment and survivors 
                            of domestic violence, sexual assault, or 
                            stalking.
Sec. 704. Study and reports on barriers to survivors' economic security 
                            access.
Sec. 705. GAO Study.
Sec. 706. Education and information programs for survivors.
Sec. 707. Severability.
               TITLE VIII--HOMICIDE REDUCTION INITIATIVES

Sec. 801. Prohibiting persons convicted of misdemeanor crimes against 
                            dating partners and persons subject to 
                            protection orders.
Sec. 802. Prohibiting stalkers and individuals subject to court order 
                            from possessing a firearm.
                   TITLE IX--SAFETY FOR INDIAN WOMEN

Sec. 901. Findings and purposes.
Sec. 902. Authorizing funding for the tribal access program.
Sec. 903. Tribal jurisdiction over crimes of domestic violence, dating 
                            violence, obstruction of justice, sexual 
                            violence, sex trafficking, stalking, and 
                            assault of a law enforcement officer or 
                            corrections officer.
Sec. 904. Annual reporting requirements.
Sec. 905. Report on the response of law enforcement agencies to reports 
                            of missing or murdered Indians.
               TITLE X--OFFICE ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

Sec. 1001. Establishment of Office on Violence Against Women.
Sec. 1002. Report of the Attorney General on the effects of the 
                            shutdown.
      TITLE XI--IMPROVING CONDITIONS FOR WOMEN IN FEDERAL CUSTODY

Sec. 1101. Improving the treatment of primary caretaker parents and 
                            other individuals in federal prisons.
Sec. 1102. Public health and safety of women.
Sec. 1103. Research and report on women in federal incarceration.
Sec. 1104. Reentry planning and services for incarcerated women.
       TITLE XII--LAW ENFORCEMENT TOOLS TO ENHANCE PUBLIC SAFETY

Sec. 1201. Notification to law enforcement agencies of prohibited 
                            purchase or attempted purchase of a 
                            firearm.
Sec. 1202. Reporting of background check denials to state, local, and 
                            tribal authorities.
Sec. 1203. Special assistant U.S. attorneys and cross-deputized 
                            attorneys.
        TITLE XIII--CLOSING THE LAW ENFORCEMENT CONSENT LOOPHOLE

Sec. 1301. Short title.
Sec. 1302. Prohibition on engaging in sexual acts while acting under 
                            color of law.
Sec. 1303. Incentives for States.
Sec. 1304. Reports to Congress.
Sec. 1305. Definition.
                        TITLE XIV--OTHER MATTERS

Sec. 1401. National stalker and domestic violence reduction.
Sec. 1402. Federal victim assistants reauthorization.
Sec. 1403. Child abuse training programs for judicial personnel and 
                            practitioners reauthorization.
Sec. 1404. Sex offender management.
Sec. 1405. Court-appointed special advocate program.
Sec. 1406. Rape kit backlog.
Sec. 1407. Sexual assault forensic exam program grants.
Sec. 1408. Review on link between substance use and victims of domestic 
                            violence dating violence, sexual assault, 
                            or stalking.
Sec. 1409. Interagency working group to study Federal efforts to 
                            collect data on sexual violence.
Sec. 1410. National Domestic Violence Hotline.
Sec. 1411. Rule of construction regarding compliance with immigration 
                            laws.
                    TITLE XV--CYBERCRIME ENFORCEMENT

Sec. 1501. Local law enforcement grants for enforcement of cybercrimes.
Sec. 1502. National Resource Center Grant.
Sec. 1503. National strategy, classification, and reporting on 
                            cybercrime.

SEC. 2. UNIVERSAL DEFINITIONS AND GRANT CONDITIONS.

    Section 40002 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 
12291) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``In this title'' and inserting 
                ``In this title, including for the purpose of grants 
                authorized under this Act'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (34) through (45) 
                as paragraphs (42) through (53);
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (33) the 
                following:
            ``(39) Internet enabled device.--The term `internet enabled 
        device' means devices that have a connection the Internet, send 
        and receive information and data, and maybe accessed via mobile 
        device technology, video technology, or computer technology, 
        away from the location where the device is installed, and may 
        include home automation systems, door locks, and thermostats.
            ``(40) Technological abuse.--The term `technological abuse' 
        means behavior intended to harm, threaten, intimidate, control, 
        stalk, harass, impersonate, or monitor, except as otherwise 
        permitted by law, another person, that occurs using the 
        Internet, internet enabled devices, social networking sites, 
        computers, mobile devices, cellular telephones, apps, location 
        tracking devices, instant messages, text messages, or other 
        forms of technology. Technological abuse may include--
                    ``(A) unwanted, repeated telephone calls, text 
                messages, instant messages, or social media posts;
                    ``(B) non-consensual accessing e-mail accounts, 
                texts or instant messaging accounts, social networking 
                accounts, or cellular telephone logs;
                    ``(C) controlling or restricting a person's ability 
                to access technology with the intent to isolate them 
                from support and social connection;
                    ``(D) using tracking devices or location tracking 
                software for the purpose of monitoring or stalking 
                another person's location;
                    ``(E) impersonating a person (including through the 
                use of spoofing technology in photo or video or the 
                creation of accounts under a false name) with the 
                intent to deceive or cause harm; or
                    ``(F) sharing or urging or compelling the sharing 
                of another person's private information, photographs, 
                or videos without their consent.
            ``(41) Female genital mutilation.--The terms `female 
        genital mutilation', `female genital cutting', `FGM/C', or 
        `female circumcision' mean the intentional removal or 
        infibulation (or both) of either the whole or part of the 
        external female genitalia for non-medical reasons. External 
        female genitalia includes the pubis, labia minora, labia 
        majora, clitoris, and urethral and vaginal openings.'';
                    (D) in paragraph (19)(B), by striking ``and 
                probation'' and inserting ``probation, and vacatur or 
                expungement'';
                    (E) by redesignating paragraphs (13) through (33) 
                as paragraphs (18) through (38);
                    (F) by striking paragraphs (11) and (12) and 
                inserting the following:
            ``(13) Digital services.--The term `digital services' means 
        services, resources, information, support or referrals provided 
        through electronic communications platforms and media, whether 
        via mobile device technology, video technology, or computer 
        technology, including utilizing the internet, as well as any 
        other emerging communications technologies that are appropriate 
        for the purposes of providing services, resources, information, 
        support, or referrals for the benefit of victims of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
            ``(14) Economic abuse.--The term `economic abuse', in the 
        context of domestic violence, dating violence, and abuse in 
        later life, means behavior that is coercive, deceptive, or 
        unreasonably controls or restrains a person's ability to 
        acquire, use, or maintain economic resources to which they are 
        entitled, including using coercion, fraud, or manipulation to--
                    ``(A) restrict a person's access to money, assets, 
                credit, or financial information;
                    ``(B) unfairly use a person's personal economic 
                resources, including money, assets, and credit, for 
                one's own advantage; or
                    ``(C) exert undue influence over a person's 
                financial and economic behavior or decisions, including 
                forcing default on joint or other financial 
                obligations, exploiting powers of attorney, 
                guardianship, or conservatorship, or failing or 
                neglecting to act in the best interests of a person to 
                whom one has a fiduciary duty.
            ``(15) Elder abuse.--The term `elder abuse' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 2 of the Elder Abuse Prevention and 
        Prosecution Act. The terms `abuse,' `elder,' and `exploitation' 
        have the meanings given those terms in section 2011 of the 
        Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1397j).
            ``(16) Forced marriage.--The term `forced marriage' means a 
        marriage to which one or both parties do not or cannot consent, 
        and in which one or more elements of force, fraud, or coercion 
        is present. Forced marriage can be both a cause and a 
        consequence of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault or stalking.
            ``(17) Homeless.--The term `homeless' has the meaning given 
        such term in section 41403(6).'';
                    (G) by redesignating paragraphs (9) and (10) as 
                paragraphs (11) and (12), respectively;
                    (H) by amending paragraph (8) to read as follows:
            ``(10) Domestic violence.--The term `domestic violence' 
        means a pattern of behavior involving the use or attempted use 
        of physical, sexual, verbal, emotional, economic, or 
        technological abuse or any other coercive behavior committed, 
        enabled, or solicited to gain or maintain power and control 
        over a victim, by a person who--
                    ``(A) is a current or former spouse or dating 
                partner of the victim, or other person similarly 
                situated to a spouse of the victim under the family or 
                domestic violence laws of the jurisdiction;
                    ``(B) is cohabitating with or has cohabitated with 
                the victim as a spouse or dating partner, or other 
                person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim 
                under the family or domestic violence laws of the 
                jurisdiction;
                    ``(C) shares a child in common with the victim;
                    ``(D) is an adult family member of, or paid or 
                nonpaid caregiver for, a victim aged 50 or older or an 
                adult victim with disabilities; or
                    ``(E) commits acts against a youth or adult victim 
                who is protected from those acts under the family or 
                domestic violence laws of the jurisdiction.'';
                    (I) by redesignating paragraphs (6) and (7) as 
                paragraphs (8) and (9), respectively;
                    (J) by amending paragraph (5) to read as follows:
            ``(7) Court-based and court-related personnel.--The terms 
        `court-based personnel' and `court-related personnel' mean 
        persons working in the court, whether paid or volunteer, 
        including--
                    ``(A) clerks, special masters, domestic relations 
                officers, administrators, mediators, custody 
                evaluators, guardians ad litem, lawyers, negotiators, 
                probation, parole, interpreters, victim assistants, 
                victim advocates, and judicial, administrative, or any 
                other professionals or personnel similarly involved in 
                the legal process;
                    ``(B) court security personnel;
                    ``(C) personnel working in related, supplementary 
                offices or programs (such as child support 
                enforcement); and
                    ``(D) any other court-based or community-based 
                personnel having responsibilities or authority to 
                address domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, or stalking in the court system.'';
                    (K) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (4) as 
                paragraphs (4) through (6) respectively;
                    (L) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
            ``(3) Alternative justice response.--The term `alternative 
        justice response' means a process, whether court-ordered or 
        community-based, that--
                    ``(A) involves, on a voluntary basis, and to the 
                extent possible, those who have committed a specific 
                offense and those who have been harmed as a result of 
                the offense;
                    ``(B) has the goal of collectively seeking 
                accountability from the accused, and developing a 
                process whereby the accused will take responsibility 
                for his or her actions, and a plan for providing relief 
                to those harmed, through allocution, restitution, 
                community service, or other processes upon which the 
                victim, the accused, the community, and the court (if 
                court-ordered) can agree;
                    ``(C) is conducted in a framework that protects 
                victim safety and supports victim autonomy; and
                    ``(D) provides that information disclosed during 
                such process may not be used for any other law 
                enforcement purpose, including impeachment or 
                prosecution, without the express permission of all 
                participants.'';
                    (M) by redesignating paragraph (1) as paragraph 
                (2); and
                    (N) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as 
                redesignated in subparagraph (M) of this paragraph) the 
                following:
            ``(1) Abuse in later life.--The term `abuse in later life' 
        means neglect, abandonment, domestic violence, dating violence, 
        sexual assault, or stalking of an adult over the age of 50 by 
        any person, or economic abuse of that adult by a person in an 
        ongoing, relationship of trust with the victim. Self-neglect is 
        not included in this definition.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by redesignating subparagraphs (F) and 
                        (G) as subparagraphs (H) and (I);
                            (ii) by inserting after subparagraph (E) 
                        the following:
                    ``(G) Death of the party whose privacy had been 
                protected.--In the event of the death of any victim 
                whose confidentiality and privacy is required to be 
                protected under this subsection, such requirement shall 
                continue to apply, and the right to authorize release 
                of any confidential or protected information be vested 
                in the next of kin, except that consent for release of 
                the deceased victim's information may not be given by a 
                person who had perpetrated abuse against the deceased 
                victim.'';
                            (iii) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) 
                        through (E) as subparagraphs (E) through (F); 
                        and
                            (iv) by inserting after subparagraph (C) 
                        the following:
                    ``(D) Use of technology.--Grantees and subgrantees 
                may use telephone, internet, and other technologies to 
                protect the privacy, location and help-seeking 
                activities of victims using services. Such technologies 
                may include--
                            ``(i) software, apps or hardware that block 
                        caller ID or conceal IP addresses, including 
                        instances in which victims use digital 
                        services; or
                            ``(ii) technologies or protocols that 
                        inhibit or prevent a perpetrator's attempts to 
                        use technology or social media to threaten, 
                        harass or harm the victim, the victim's family, 
                        friends, neighbors or co-workers, or the 
                        program providing services to them.'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by inserting after ``designed 
                to reduce or eliminate domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, and stalking'' the following: 
                ``provided that the confidentiality and privacy 
                requirements of this title are maintained, and that 
                personally identifying information about adult, youth, 
                and child victims of domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault and stalking is not requested 
                or included in any such collaboration or information-
                sharing'';
                    (C) in paragraph (6), by adding at the end the 
                following: ``However, such disbursing agencies must 
                ensure that the confidentiality and privacy 
                requirements of this title are maintained in making 
                such reports, and that personally identifying 
                information about adult, youth and child victims of 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault and 
                stalking is not requested or included in any such 
                reports.'';
                    (D) in paragraph (11), by adding at the end the 
                following: ``The Office on Violence Against Women shall 
                make all technical assistance available as broadly as 
                possible to any appropriate grantees, subgrantees, 
                potential grantees, or other entities without regard to 
                whether the entity has received funding from the Office 
                on Violence Against Women for a particular program or 
                project.'';
                    (E) in paragraph (13)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by inserting after 
                        ``the Violence Against Women Reauthorization 
                        Act of 2013'' the following: ``(Public Law 113-
                        4; 127 Stat. 54)''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                        ``section 3789d of title 42, United States 
                        Code'' and inserting ``section 809 of title I 
                        of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets 
                        Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10228)'';
                    (F) in paragraph (14), by inserting after ``are 
                also victims of'' the following: ``forced marriage, 
                or''; and
                    (G) in paragraph (16)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (C)(i), by striking 
                        ``$20,000 in Department funds, unless the 
                        Deputy Attorney General'' and inserting 
                        ``$100,000 in Department funds, unless the 
                        Director or Principal Deputy Director of the 
                        Office on Violence Against Women, the Deputy 
                        Attorney General,''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) Ineligibility.--If the Attorney General finds 
                that a recipient of grant funds under this Act has 
                fraudulently misused such grant funds, after reasonable 
                notice and opportunity for a hearing, such recipient 
                shall not be eligible to receive grant funds under this 
                Act for up to 5 years. A misuse of grant funds or an 
                error that does not rise to the level of fraud is not 
                grounds for ineligibility.''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Rule of Construction.--For purposes of this Act, nothing may 
be construed to preclude the term `domestic violence' from including 
economic abuse each place the term `domestic violence' occurs unless 
doing so would trigger an extension of effective date under section 
703(f)(1)(B) of the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 
2019.''.

SEC. 3. REPORTING ON FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION, FEMALE GENITAL CUTTING, 
              OR FEMALE CIRCUMCISION.

    (a) In General.--The Director of the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation shall, pursuant to section 534 of title 28, United States 
Code, classify the offense of female genital mutilation, female genital 
cutting, or female circumcision as a part II crime in the Uniform Crime 
Reports.
    (b) Definition.--In this section, the terms ``female genital 
mutilation'', ``female genital cutting'', ``FGM/C'', or ``female 
circumcision'' mean the intentional removal or infibulation (or both) 
of either the whole or part of the external female genitalia for non-
medical reasons. External female genitalia includes the pubis, labia 
minora, labia majora, clitoris, and urethral and vaginal openings.

SEC. 4. AGENCY AND DEPARTMENT COORDINATION.

    The heads of Executive Departments responsible for carrying out 
this Act are authorized to coordinate and collaborate on the prevention 
of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking, 
including sharing best practices and efficient use of resources and 
technology for victims and those seeking assistance from the 
Government.

  TITLE I--ENHANCING LEGAL TOOLS TO COMBAT DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING 
                 VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, AND STALKING

SEC. 101. STOP GRANTS.

    (a) In General.--Part T of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and 
Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10441 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) in section 2001(b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by inserting before the 
                semicolon at the end the following: ``including 
                implementation of the non-discrimination requirements 
                in section 40002(b)(13) of the Violence Against Women 
                Act of 1994'';
                    (B) in paragraph (9)--
                            (i) by striking ``older and disabled 
                        women'' and inserting ``people 50 years of age 
                        or over and people with disabilities''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``older and disabled 
                        individuals'' and inserting ``people'';
                    (C) in paragraph (19), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (D) in paragraph (20), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting a semicolon; and
                    (E) by inserting after paragraph (20), the 
                following:
            ``(21) developing and implementing laws, policies, 
        procedures, or training to ensure the lawful recovery and 
        storage of any dangerous weapon by the appropriate law 
        enforcement agency from an adjudicated perpetrator of any 
        offense of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
        or stalking, and the return of such weapon when appropriate, 
        where any Federal, State, tribal, or local court has--
                    ``(A)(i) issued protective or other restraining 
                orders against such a perpetrator; or
                    ``(ii) found such a perpetrator to be guilty of 
                misdemeanor or felony crimes of domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking; and
                    ``(B) ordered the perpetrator to relinquish 
                dangerous weapons that the perpetrator possesses or has 
                used in the commission of at least one of the 
                aforementioned crimes;
        Policies, procedures, protocols, laws, regulations, or training 
        under this section shall include the safest means of recovery 
        of, and best practices for storage of, relinquished and 
        recovered dangerous weapons and their return, when applicable, 
        at such time as the individual is no longer prohibited from 
        possessing such weapons under Federal, State, or Tribal law, or 
        posted local ordinances;
            ``(22) developing, enlarging, or strengthening culturally 
        specific victim services programs to provide culturally 
        specific victim services regarding, responses to, and 
        prevention of female genital mutilation, female genital 
        cutting, or female circumcision;
            ``(23) providing victim advocates in State or local law 
        enforcement agencies, prosecutors' offices, and courts and 
        providing supportive services and advocacy to urban American 
        Indian and Alaska Native victims of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, and stalking.'';
            (2) in section 2007--
                    (A) in subsection (d)--
                            (i) by redesignating paragraphs (5) and (6) 
                        as paragraphs (7) and (8), respectively; and
                            (ii) by inserting after paragraph (4) the 
                        following:
            ``(5) proof of compliance with the requirements regarding 
        protocols to strongly discourage compelling victim testimony, 
        described in section 2017;
            ``(6) proof of compliance with the requirements regarding 
        civil rights under section 40002(b)(13) of the Violent Crime 
        Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994;'';
                    (B) in subsection (i)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by inserting before 
                        the semicolon at the end the following: ``and 
                        the requirements under section 40002(b) of the 
                        Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act 
                        of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12291(b))''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2)(C)(iv), by inserting 
                        after ``ethnicity,'' the following: ``sexual 
                        orientation, gender identity,''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(k) Reviews for Compliance With Nondiscrimination Requirements.--
            ``(1) In general.--If allegations of discrimination in 
        violation of section 40002(b)(13)(A) of the Violence Against 
        Women Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12291(b)(13)(A)) by a potential 
        grantee under this part have been made to the Attorney General, 
        the Attorney General shall, prior to awarding a grant under 
        this part to such potential grantee, conduct a review of the 
        compliance of the potential grantee with such section.
            ``(2) Establishment of rule.--Not later than 1 year after 
        the date of enactment of the Violence Against Women 
        Reauthorization Act of 2019, the Attorney General shall by rule 
        establish procedures for such a review.
            ``(3) Annual report.--Beginning on the date that is 1 year 
        after the date of enactment of the Violence Against Women 
        Reauthorization Act of 2019, the Attorney General shall report 
        to the Committees on the Judiciary of the Senate and of the 
        House of Representatives regarding compliance with section 
        40002(b)(13)(A) of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (34 
        U.S.C. 12291(b)(13)(A)) by recipients of grants under this 
        part.''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 2017. GRANT ELIGIBILITY REGARDING COMPELLING VICTIM TESTIMONY.

    ``In order to be eligible for a grant under this part, a State, 
Indian tribal government, territorial government, or unit of local 
government shall certify that, not later than 3 years after the date of 
enactment of this section, their laws, policies, or practices will 
include a detailed protocol to discourage the use of bench warrants, 
material witness warrants, perjury charges, or other means of 
compelling victim-witness testimony in the investigation, prosecution, 
trial, or sentencing of a crime related to the domestic violence, 
sexual assault, dating violence or stalking of the victim.''.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 1001(a)(18) of the 
Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 
10261(a)(18)) is amended by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and 
inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 102. GRANTS TO IMPROVE THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE RESPONSE.

    (a) Heading.--Part U of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and 
Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10461 et seq.) is amended in the 
heading, by striking ``grants to encourage arrest policies'' and 
inserting ``grants to improve the criminal justice response''.
    (b) Grants.--Section 2101 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe 
Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10461) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
    ``(a) General Program Purpose.--The purpose of this part is to 
assist States, State and local courts (including juvenile courts), 
Indian tribal governments, tribal courts, and units of local government 
to develop and strengthen effective law enforcement and prosecution 
strategies to combat violent crimes against women, and to develop and 
strengthen victim services in cases involving violent crimes against 
women.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``proarrest'' and 
                inserting ``offender accountability and homicide 
                reduction'';
                    (B) in paragraph (8)--
                            (i) by striking ``older individuals (as 
                        defined in section 102 of the Older Americans 
                        Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3002))'' and inserting 
                        ``people 50 years of age or over''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``individuals with 
                        disabilities (as defined in section 3(2) of the 
                        Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 
                        U.S.C. 12102(2)))'' and inserting ``people with 
                        disabilities (as defined in the Americans with 
                        Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12102))'';
                    (C) in paragraph (19), by inserting before the 
                period at the end the following ``, including victims 
                among underserved populations (as defined in section 
                40002(a)(46) of the Violence Against Women Act of 
                1994)''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(23) To develop and implement an alternative justice 
        response (as such term is defined in section 40002(a) of the 
        Violence Against Women Act of 1994).
            ``(24) To develop and implement policies, procedures, 
        protocols, laws, regulations, or training to ensure the lawful 
        recovery and storage of any dangerous weapon by the appropriate 
        law enforcement agency from an adjudicated perpetrator of any 
        offense of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
        or stalking, and the return of such weapon when appropriate, 
        where any Federal, State, tribal, or local court has--
                    ``(A)(i) issued protective or other restraining 
                orders against such a perpetrator; or
                    ``(ii) found such a perpetrator to be guilty of 
                misdemeanor or felony crimes of domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking; and
                    ``(B) ordered the perpetrator to relinquish 
                dangerous weapons that the perpetrator possesses or has 
                used in the commission of at least one of the 
                aforementioned crimes.
        Policies, procedures, protocols, laws, regulations, or training 
        under this section shall include the safest means of recovery 
        of and best practices for storage of relinquished and recovered 
        dangerous weapons and their return, when applicable, at such 
        time as the persons are no longer prohibited from possessing 
        such weapons under Federal, State, Tribal or municipal law.''; 
        and
            (3) in subsection (c)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) in clause (i), by striking ``encourage 
                        or mandate arrests of domestic violence 
                        offenders'' and inserting ``encourage arrests 
                        of offenders''; and
                            (ii) in clause (ii), by striking 
                        ``encourage or mandate arrest of domestic 
                        violence offenders'' and inserting ``encourage 
                        arrest of offenders''; and
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the 
                following:
                    ``(F) certify that, not later than 3 years after 
                the date of the enactment of this subparagraph, their 
                laws, policies, or practices will include a detailed 
                protocol to strongly discourage the use of bench 
                warrants, material witness warrants, perjury charges, 
                or other means of compelling victim-witness testimony 
                in the investigation, prosecution, trial, or sentencing 
                of a crime related to the domestic violence, sexual 
                assault, dating violence or stalking of the victim; 
                and''.
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 1001(a)(19) of the 
Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 
10261(a)(19)) is amended by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and 
inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 103. LEGAL ASSISTANCE FOR VICTIMS.

    (a) In General.--Section 1201 of division B of the Victims of 
Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 (34 U.S.C. 20121) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting after ``no cost to the 
        victims.'' the following: ``When legal assistance to a 
        dependent is necessary for the safety of a victim, such 
        assistance may be provided.'';
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting after 
                ``stalking, and sexual assault'' the following: ``, or 
                for dependents when necessary for the safety of a 
                victim'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting after 
                ``stalking, and sexual assault'' the following: ``, or 
                for dependents when necessary for the safety of a 
                victim,''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by inserting after ``sexual 
                assault, or stalking'' the following: ``, or for 
                dependents when necessary for the safety of a 
                victim,''; and
            (3) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' 
        and inserting ``2020 through 2024''.
    (b) GAO Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit 
to Congress a report on the return on investment for legal assistance 
grants awarded pursuant to section 1201 of division B of the Victims of 
Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 (34 U.S.C. 20121), 
including an accounting of the amount saved, if any, on housing, 
medical, or employment social welfare programs.

SEC. 104. GRANTS TO SUPPORT FAMILIES IN THE JUSTICE SYSTEM.

    Section 1301 of division B of the Victims of Trafficking and 
Violence Protection Act of 2000 (34 U.S.C. 12464) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (7), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in paragraph (8)--
                            (i) by striking ``to improve'' and 
                        inserting ``improve''; and
                            (ii) by striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (8) the following:
            ``(9) develop and implement an alternative justice response 
        (as such term is defined in section 40002(a) of the Violence 
        Against Women Act of 1994).''; and
            (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' 
        and inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 105. OUTREACH AND SERVICES TO UNDERSERVED POPULATIONS GRANTS.

    Section 120 of the Violence Against Women and Department of Justice 
Reauthorization Act of 2005 (34 U.S.C. 20123) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (4), by striking ``or'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in paragraph (5), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; or''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) developing, enlarging, or strengthening culturally 
        specific programs and projects to provide culturally specific 
        services regarding, responses to, and prevention of female 
        genital mutilation, female genital cutting, or female 
        circumcision.''; and
            (2) in subsection (g), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' 
        and inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 106. CRIMINAL PROVISIONS.

    Section 2265 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)(3)--
                    (A) by striking ``restraining order or 
                injunction,''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following: ``The 
                prohibition under this paragraph applies to all 
                protection orders for the protection of a person 
                residing within a State, territorial, or tribal 
                jurisdiction, whether or not the protection order was 
                issued by that State, territory, or Tribe.''; and
            (2) in subsection (e), by adding at the end the following: 
        ``This applies to all Alaska tribes without respect to `Indian 
        country' or the population of the Native village associated 
        with the Tribe.''.

SEC. 107. RAPE SURVIVOR CHILD CUSTODY.

    Section 409 of the Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act of 2015 
(34 U.S.C. 21308) is amended by striking ``2015 through 2019'' and 
inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 108. ENHANCING CULTURALLY SPECIFIC SERVICES FOR VICTIMS OF 
              DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, AND 
              STALKING.

    Section 121(a) of the Violence Against Women and Department of 
Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005 (34 U.S.C. 20124(a)) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Additional authorization of appropriations.--In 
        addition to the amounts made available under paragraph (1), 
        there are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
        section $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2020 through 
        2024.''.

SEC. 109. GRANTS FOR LETHALITY ASSESSMENT PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--The Attorney General may make grants to States, 
units of local government, Indian tribes, domestic violence victim 
service providers, and State or Tribal Domestic Violence Coalitions for 
technical assistance and training in the operation or establishment of 
a lethality assessment program.
    (b) Definition.--In this section, the term ``lethality assessment 
program'' means a program that--
            (1) rapidly connects a victim of domestic violence to local 
        community-based victim service providers;
            (2) helps first responders and others in the justice 
        system, including courts, law enforcement agencies, and 
        prosecutors of tribal government and units of local government, 
        identify and respond to possibly lethal circumstances; and
            (3) identifies victims of domestic violence who are at high 
        risk of being seriously injured or killed by an intimate 
        partner.
    (c) Qualifications.--To be eligible for a grant under this section, 
an applicant shall demonstrate experience in developing, implementing, 
evaluating, and disseminating a lethality assessment program.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated $5,000,000 to carry out this section for each of fiscal 
years 2020 through 2024.
    (e) Definitions.--Terms used in this section have the meanings 
given such terms in section 40002 of the Violence Against Women Act of 
1994.

                TITLE II--IMPROVING SERVICES FOR VICTIMS

SEC. 201. SEXUAL ASSAULT SERVICES PROGRAM.

    Section 41601 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act 
of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12511) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(4), by striking ``0.25 percent'' and 
        inserting ``0.5 percent''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' 
        and inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 202. SEXUAL ASSAULT SERVICES PROGRAM.

    Section 41601(f)(1) of the Violent Crime Control and Law 
Enforcement Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12511(f)(1)) is amended by striking 
``$40,000,000 to remain available until expended for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``$60,000,000 to remain 
available until expended for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 203. RURAL DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, 
              STALKING, AND CHILD ABUSE ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 40295 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act 
of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12341) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(3), by striking ``women'' and 
        inserting ``adults, youth,''; and
            (2) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' 
        and inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 204. TRAINING AND SERVICES TO END VIOLENCE AGAINST PEOPLE WITH 
              DISABILITIES.

    Section 1402 of division B of the Victims of Trafficking and 
Violence Protection Act of 2000 (34 U.S.C. 20122) is amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``women'' and inserting 
        ``people'';
            (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``individuals'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``people'';
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``disabled individuals'' each place 
                it appears and inserting ``people with disabilities'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by inserting after ``law 
                enforcement'' the following: ``and other first 
                responders''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (8), by striking ``providing 
                advocacy and intervention services within'' and 
                inserting ``to enhance the capacity of'';
            (4) in subsection (c), by striking ``disabled individuals'' 
        and inserting ``people with disabilities''; and
            (5) in subsection (e), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' 
        and inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 205. TRAINING AND SERVICES TO END ABUSE IN LATER LIFE.

    Section 40801 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act 
of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12421)--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``enhanced training'' and 
        inserting ``training'';
            (2) by striking subsection ``(a) Definitions.--In this 
        section--'' and all that follows through paragraph (1) of 
        subsection (b) and inserting the following: ``The Attorney 
        General shall make grants to eligible entities in accordance 
        with the following:'';
            (3) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (5) of 
        subsection (b) as paragraphs (1) through (4);
            (4) in paragraph (1) (as redesignated by paragraph (3) of 
        this subsection)--
                    (A) by striking ``, including domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, stalking, 
                exploitation, and neglect'' each place it appears;
                    (B) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) in clause (i), by inserting after 
                        ``elder abuse'' the following: ``and abuse in 
                        later life'';
                            (ii) in clauses (ii) and (iii), by 
                        inserting after ``victims of'' the following: 
                        ``elder abuse and''; and
                            (iii) in clause (iv), by striking 
                        ``advocates, victim service providers, and 
                        courts to better serve victims of abuse in 
                        later life'' and inserting ``leaders, victim 
                        advocates, victim service providers, courts, 
                        and first responders to better serve older 
                        victims'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) in clause (i), by striking ``or other 
                        community-based organizations in recognizing 
                        and addressing instances of abuse in later 
                        life'' and inserting ``community-based 
                        organizations, or other professionals who may 
                        identify or respond to abuse in later life''; 
                        and
                            (ii) in clause (ii), by inserting after 
                        ``victims of'' the following: ``elder abuse 
                        and''; and
                    (D) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``subparagraph 
                (B)(ii)'' and inserting ``paragraph (2)(B)'';
            (5) in paragraph (2) (as redesignated by paragraph (3))--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``over 50 
                years of age'' and inserting ``50 years of age or 
                over''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``in later 
                life'' and inserting ``50 years of age or over''; and
            (6) in paragraph (4) (as redesignated by paragraph (3)), by 
        striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``2020 through 
        2024''.

SEC. 206. DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM ON TRAUMA-INFORMED TRAINING FOR LAW 
              ENFORCEMENT.

    Title IV of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 
1994 (34 U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:

       ``Subtitle Q--Trauma-informed Training for Law Enforcement

``SEC. 41701. DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM ON TRAUMA-INFORMED TRAINING FOR LAW 
              ENFORCEMENT.

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section--
            ``(1) the term `Attorney General' means the Attorney 
        General, acting through the Director of the Office on Violence 
        Against Women;
            ``(2) the term `covered individual' means an individual who 
        interfaces with victims of domestic violence, dating violence, 
        sexual assault, and stalking, including--
                    ``(A) an individual working for or on behalf of an 
                eligible entity;
                    ``(B) a school or university administrator; and
                    ``(C) an emergency services or medical employee;
            ``(3) the term `demonstration site', with respect to an 
        eligible entity that receives a grant under this section, 
        means--
                    ``(A) if the eligible entity is a law enforcement 
                agency described in paragraph (4)(A), the area over 
                which the eligible entity has jurisdiction; and
                    ``(B) if the eligible entity is an organization or 
                agency described in paragraph (4)(B), the area over 
                which a law enforcement agency described in paragraph 
                (4)(A) that is working in collaboration with the 
                eligible entity has jurisdiction; and
            ``(4) the term `eligible entity' means--
                    ``(A) a State, local, territorial, or Tribal law 
                enforcement agency; or
                    ``(B) a national, regional, or local victim 
                services organization or agency working in 
                collaboration with a law enforcement agency described 
                in subparagraph (A).
    ``(b) Grants Authorized.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Attorney General shall award grants 
        on a competitive basis to eligible entities to carry out the 
        demonstration program under this section by implementing 
        evidence-based or promising policies and practices to 
        incorporate trauma-informed techniques designed to--
                    ``(A) prevent re-traumatization of the victim;
                    ``(B) ensure that covered individuals use evidence-
                based practices to respond to and investigate cases of 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
                stalking;
                    ``(C) improve communication between victims and law 
                enforcement officers in an effort to increase the 
                likelihood of the successful investigation and 
                prosecution of the reported crime in a manner that 
                protects the victim to the greatest extent possible;
                    ``(D) increase collaboration among stakeholders who 
                are part of the coordinated community response to 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
                stalking; and
                    ``(E) evaluate the effectiveness of the training 
                process and content by measuring--
                            ``(i) investigative and prosecutorial 
                        practices and outcomes; and
                            ``(ii) the well-being of victims and their 
                        satisfaction with the criminal justice process.
            ``(2) Term.--The Attorney General shall make grants under 
        this section for each of the first 2 fiscal years beginning 
        after the date of enactment of this Act.
            ``(3) Award basis.--The Attorney General shall award grants 
        under this section to multiple eligible entities for use in a 
        variety of settings and communities, including--
                    ``(A) urban, suburban, Tribal, remote, and rural 
                areas;
                    ``(B) college campuses; or
                    ``(C) traditionally underserved communities.
    ``(c) Use of Funds.--An eligible entity that receives a grant under 
this section shall use the grant to--
            ``(1) train covered individuals within the demonstration 
        site of the eligible entity to use evidence-based, trauma-
        informed techniques and knowledge of crime victims' rights 
        throughout an investigation into domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, or stalking, including by--
                    ``(A) conducting victim interviews in a manner 
                that--
                            ``(i) elicits valuable information about 
                        the domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, or stalking; and
                            ``(ii) avoids re-traumatization of the 
                        victim;
                    ``(B) conducting field investigations that mirror 
                best and promising practices available at the time of 
                the investigation;
                    ``(C) customizing investigative approaches to 
                ensure a culturally and linguistically appropriate 
                approach to the community being served;
                    ``(D) becoming proficient in understanding and 
                responding to complex cases, including cases of 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                stalking--
                            ``(i) facilitated by alcohol or drugs;
                            ``(ii) involving strangulation;
                            ``(iii) committed by a non-stranger;
                            ``(iv) committed by an individual of the 
                        same sex as the victim;
                            ``(v) involving a victim with a disability;
                            ``(vi) involving a male victim; or
                            ``(vii) involving a lesbian, gay, bisexual, 
                        or transgender (commonly referred to as `LGBT') 
                        victim;
                    ``(E) developing collaborative relationships 
                between--
                            ``(i) law enforcement officers and other 
                        members of the response team; and
                            ``(ii) the community being served; and
                    ``(F) developing an understanding of how to define, 
                identify, and correctly classify a report of domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking; 
                and
            ``(2) promote the efforts of the eligible entity to improve 
        the response of covered individuals to domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking through various 
        communication channels, such as the website of the eligible 
        entity, social media, print materials, and community meetings, 
        in order to ensure that all covered individuals within the 
        demonstration site of the eligible entity are aware of those 
        efforts and included in trainings, to the extent practicable.
    ``(d) Demonstration Program Trainings on Trauma-Informed 
Approaches.--
            ``(1) Identification of existing trainings.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Attorney General shall 
                identify trainings for law enforcement officers, in 
                existence as of the date on which the Attorney General 
                begins to solicit applications for grants under this 
                section, that--
                            ``(i) employ a trauma-informed approach to 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, and stalking; and
                            ``(ii) focus on the fundamentals of--
                                    ``(I) trauma responses; and
                                    ``(II) the impact of trauma on 
                                victims of domestic violence, dating 
                                violence, sexual assault, and stalking.
                    ``(B) Selection.--An eligible entity that receives 
                a grant under this section shall select one or more of 
                the approaches employed by a training identified under 
                subparagraph (A) to test within the demonstration site 
                of the eligible entity.
            ``(2) Consultation.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
        Attorney General shall consult with the Director of the Office 
        for Victims of Crime in order to seek input from and cultivate 
        consensus among outside practitioners and other stakeholders 
        through facilitated discussions and focus groups on best 
        practices in the field of trauma-informed care for victims of 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
        stalking.
    ``(e) Evaluation.--The Attorney General, in consultation with the 
Director of the National Institute of Justice, shall require each 
eligible entity that receives a grant under this section to identify a 
research partner, preferably a local research partner, to--
            ``(1) design a system for generating and collecting the 
        appropriate data to facilitate an independent process or impact 
        evaluation of the use of the grant funds;
            ``(2) periodically conduct an evaluation described in 
        paragraph (1); and
            ``(3) periodically make publicly available, during the 
        grant period--
                    ``(A) preliminary results of the evaluations 
                conducted under paragraph (2); and
                    ``(B) recommendations for improving the use of the 
                grant funds.
    ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--The Attorney General shall 
carry out this section using amounts otherwise available to the 
Attorney General.
    ``(g) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to interfere with the due process rights of any 
individual.''.

     TITLE III--SERVICES, PROTECTION, AND JUSTICE FOR YOUNG VICTIMS

SEC. 301. RAPE PREVENTION AND EDUCATION GRANT.

    Section 393A of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 280b-1b) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by inserting before the 
                semicolon at the end the following ``or digital 
                services (as such term is defined in section 40002(a) 
                of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994)''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (7), by striking ``sexual 
                assault'' and inserting ``sexual violence, sexual 
                assault, and sexual harassment'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``Indian tribal'' and 
        inserting ``Indian Tribal'';
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``$50,000,000 for 
                each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' and inserting 
                ``$150,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2020 through 
                2024''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by adding at the end the 
                following: ``Not less than 80 percent of the total 
                amount made available under this subsection in each 
                fiscal year shall be awarded in accordance with this 
                paragraph.''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2019, 
the Secretary, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease 
Control and Prevention, shall submit to Congress, the Committee on 
Appropriations and the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
Representatives, and the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee 
on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate a report on the 
activities funded by grants awarded under this section and best 
practices relating to rape prevention and education.''.

SEC. 302. CREATING HOPE THROUGH OUTREACH, OPTIONS, SERVICES, AND 
              EDUCATION (CHOOSE) FOR CHILDREN AND YOUTH.

    Section 41201 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act 
of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12451) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``stalking, or sex trafficking'' 
                and inserting ``or stalking''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following: ``Grants 
                awarded under this section may be used to address sex 
                trafficking or bullying as part of a comprehensive 
                program focused primarily on domestic violence, dating 
                violence, sexual assault, or stalking.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A), by striking ``target youth who are victims 
                        of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, stalking, and sex trafficking'' and 
                        inserting ``target youth, including youth in 
                        underserved populations who are victims of 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, stalking, and sex trafficking'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``or'' at the end;
                            (iii) in subparagraph (C), by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting a semicolon; 
                        and
                            (iv) by inserting after subparagraph (C) 
                        the following:
                    ``(D) clarify State or local mandatory reporting 
                policies and practices regarding peer-to-peer dating 
                violence, sexual assault, stalking, and sex 
                trafficking; or
                    ``(E) develop, enlarge, or strengthen culturally 
                specific programs and projects to provide culturally 
                specific services regarding, responses to, and 
                prevention of female genital mutilation, female genital 
                cutting, or female circumcision.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``stalking, or sex trafficking'' and inserting 
                        ``stalking, sex trafficking, or female genital 
                        mutilation, female genital cutting, or female 
                        circumcision'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C), by inserting 
                        ``confidential'' before ``support services''; 
                        and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (E), by inserting 
                        after ``programming for youth'' the following: 
                        ``, including youth in underserved 
                        populations,'';
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``stalking, or 
                sex trafficking'' and inserting ``or stalking''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``paragraph 
                (1)'' and inserting ``subparagraph (A) or (B) of 
                paragraph (1)'';
            (4) in subsection (d)(3), by striking ``stalking, and sex 
        trafficking'' and inserting ``and stalking, including training 
        on working with youth in underserved populations (and, where 
        intervention or programming will include a focus on female 
        genital mutilation, female genital cutting, or female 
        circumcision, or on sex trafficking, sufficient training on 
        those topics)''; and
            (5) in subsection (f), by striking ``$15,000,000 for each 
        of fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``$25,000,000 
        for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 303. GRANTS TO COMBAT VIOLENT CRIMES ON CAMPUSES.

    (a) In General.--Section 304 of the Violence Against Women and 
Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005 (34 U.S.C. 20125) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:
            ``(2) To develop, strengthen, and implement campus 
        policies, protocols, and services that more effectively 
        identify and respond to the crimes of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault and stalking, including the use of 
        technology to commit these crimes, and to train campus 
        administrators, campus security personnel, and all participants 
        in the resolution process, including the Title IX coordinator's 
        office and student conduct office on campus disciplinary or 
        judicial boards on such policies, protocols, and services.'';
                    (B) by amending paragraph (3) to read as follows:
            ``(3) To provide prevention and education programming about 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
        stalking, including technological abuse and reproductive and 
        sexual coercion, that is age-appropriate, culturally relevant, 
        ongoing, delivered in multiple venues on campus, accessible, 
        promotes respectful nonviolent behavior as a social norm, and 
        engages men and boys. Such programming should be developed in 
        partnership or collaboratively with experts in intimate partner 
        and sexual violence prevention and intervention.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (4), by inserting after ``improve 
                delivery of'' the following: ``primary prevention 
                training and'';
                    (D) in paragraph (9), by striking ``and provide'' 
                and inserting ``, provide, and disseminate'';
                    (E) in paragraph (10), by inserting after ``or 
                adapt'' the following ``and disseminate''; and
                    (F) by inserting after paragraph (10) the 
                following:
            ``(11) To train campus health centers and appropriate 
        campus faculty, such as academic advisors or professionals who 
        deal with students on a daily basis, on how to recognize and 
        respond to domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
        and stalking, including training health providers on how to 
        provide universal education to all members of the campus 
        community on the impacts of violence on health and unhealthy 
        relationships and how providers can support ongoing outreach 
        efforts.
            ``(12) To train campus personnel in how to use a victim-
        centered, trauma-informed interview technique, which means 
        asking questions of a student or a campus employee who is 
        reported to be a victim of sexual harassment, sexual assault, 
        domestic violence, dating violence, or stalking, in a manner 
        that is focused on the experience of the reported victim, that 
        does not judge or blame the reported victim for the alleged 
        crime, and that is informed by evidence-based research on the 
        neurobiology of trauma. To the extent practicable, campus 
        personnel shall allow the reported victim to participate in a 
        recorded interview and to receive a copy of the recorded 
        interview.
            ``(13) To develop and implement an alternative justice 
        response (as such term is defined in section 40002(a) of the 
        Violence Against Women Act of 1994).'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(3), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' 
        and inserting ``2020 through 2024'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3)(B), by striking ``for all 
                incoming students'' and inserting ``for all students'';
                    (B) by amending paragraph (3)(D) to read as 
                follows:
                    ``(D) The grantee shall train all participants in 
                the resolution process, including the Title IX 
                coordinator's office and student conduct office, to 
                respond effectively to situations involving domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                stalking.''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (4)(C), by inserting after 
                ``sex,'' the following: ``sexual orientation, gender 
                identity,''; and
            (4) in subsection (e), by striking ``$12,000,000 for each 
        of fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``$16,000,000 
        for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024''.
    (b) Report on Best Practices Regarding Domestic Violence, Dating 
Violence, Sexual Assault, and Stalking on Campuses.--Not later than 1 
year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Education shall submit to Congress a report, which includes--
            (1) an evaluation of programs, events, and educational 
        materials related to domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, and stalking; and
            (2) an assessment of best practices and guidance from the 
        evaluation described in paragraph (1), which shall be made 
        publicly available online to universities and college campuses 
        to use as a resource.

SEC. 304. COMBAT ONLINE PREDATORS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 110A of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 2261A the following:
``Sec. 2261B. Enhanced penalty for stalkers of children
    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), if the 
victim of an offense under section 2261A is under the age of 18 years, 
the maximum term of imprisonment for the offense is 5 years greater 
than the maximum term of imprisonment otherwise provided for that 
offense in section 2261.
    ``(b) Limitation.--Subsection (a) shall not apply to a person who 
violates section 2261A if--
            ``(1) the person is subject to a sentence under section 
        2261(b)(5); and
            ``(2)(A) the person is under the age of 18 at the time the 
        offense occurred; or
            ``(B) the victim of the offense is not less than 15 nor 
        more than 17 years of age and not more than 3 years younger 
        than the person who committed the offense at the time the 
        offense occurred.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 110A of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 2261A the following new item:

``2261B. Enhanced penalty for stalkers of children.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 2261A of title 18, United States 
Code, is amended in the matter following paragraph (2)(B), by striking 
``section 2261(b) of this title'' and inserting ``section 2261(b) or 
section 2261B, as the case may be''.
    (d) Report on Best Practices Regarding Enforcement of Anti-Stalking 
Laws.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Attorney General shall submit a report to Congress, which 
shall--
            (1) include an evaluation of Federal, tribal, State, and 
        local efforts to enforce laws relating to stalking; and
            (2) identify and describe those elements of such efforts 
        that constitute the best practices for the enforcement of such 
        laws.

                 TITLE IV--VIOLENCE REDUCTION PRACTICES

SEC. 401. STUDY CONDUCTED BY THE CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND 
              PREVENTION.

    Section 402 of the Violence Against Women and Department of Justice 
Reauthorization Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 280b-4) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``violence against 
        women'' and inserting ``violence against adults, youth,''; and
            (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' 
        and inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 402. SAVING MONEY AND REDUCING TRAGEDIES (SMART) THROUGH 
              PREVENTION GRANTS.

    Section 41303 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 
12463) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) strategies within each of these areas 
                addressing the unmet needs of underserved 
                populations.'';
            (2) in subsection (d)(3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) include a focus on the unmet needs of 
                underserved populations.'';
            (3) in subsection (f), by striking ``$15,000,000 for each 
        of fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``$45,000,000 
        for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024''; and
            (4) in subsection (g), by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Remaining amounts.--Any amounts not made available 
        under paragraphs (1) and (2) may be used for any set of 
        purposes described in paragraphs (1), (2), or (3) of subsection 
        (b), or for a project that fulfills two or more of such sets of 
        purposes.''.

         TITLE V--STRENGTHENING THE HEALTHCARE SYSTEMS RESPONSE

SEC. 501. GRANTS TO STRENGTHEN THE HEALTHCARE SYSTEMS RESPONSE TO 
              DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, AND 
              STALKING.

    Section 399P of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 280g-4) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) the development or enhancement and implementation of 
        training programs to improve the capacity of early childhood 
        programs to address domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, and stalking among families they serve.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by inserting ``, 
                including labor and sex trafficking'' after ``other 
                forms of violence and abuse'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)(ii)--
                            (i) by striking ``on-site access to''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``patients by increasing'' 
                        and all that follows through the semicolon and 
                        inserting the following: ``patients by--
                                    ``(I) increasing the capacity of 
                                existing health care professionals, 
                                including specialists in trauma and in 
                                behavioral health care, and public 
                                health staff to address domestic 
                                violence, dating violence, sexual 
                                assault, stalking, and children exposed 
                                to violence;
                                    ``(II) contracting with or hiring 
                                advocates for victims of domestic 
                                violence or sexual assault to provide 
                                such services; or
                                    ``(III) providing funding to State 
                                domestic and sexual violence coalitions 
                                to improve the capacity of such 
                                coalitions to coordinate and support 
                                health advocates and other health 
                                system partnerships;'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (B)(iii), by striking ``and'' 
                at the end;
                    (D) in subparagraph (B)(iv) by striking the period 
                at the end and inserting the following: ``, with 
                priority given to programs administered through the 
                Health Resources and Services Administration, Office of 
                Women's Health; and''; and
                    (E) in subparagraph (B), by adding at the end the 
                following:
                            ``(v) the development, implementation, 
                        dissemination, and evaluation of best 
                        practices, tools, and training materials for 
                        behavioral health professionals to identify and 
                        respond to domestic violence, sexual violence, 
                        stalking, and dating violence.'';
            (3) in subsection (b)(2)(A)--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``Child and elder 
                abuse'' and inserting the following: ``Child abuse and 
                abuse in later life''; and
                    (B) by striking ``child or elder abuse'' and 
                inserting the following: ``child abuse or abuse in 
                later life'';
            (4) in subsection (b)(2)(C)(i), by striking ``elder abuse'' 
        and inserting ``abuse in later life'';
            (5) in subsection (b)(2)(C)(iii), by striking ``or'' at the 
        end;
            (6) in subsection (b)(2)(C)(iv)--
                    (A) by inserting ``mental health,'' after 
                ``dental,''; and
                    (B) by striking ``exams.'' and inserting ``exams 
                and certifications;'';
            (7) in subsection (b)(2)(C), by inserting after clause (iv) 
        the following:
                            ``(v) development of a State-level pilot 
                        program to--
                                    ``(I) improve the response of 
                                substance use disorder treatment 
                                programs and systems to domestic 
                                violence, dating violence, sexual 
                                assault, and stalking; and
                                    ``(II) improve the capacity of 
                                substance use disorder treatment 
                                programs and systems to serve survivors 
                                of domestic violence, dating violence, 
                                sexual assault, and stalking dealing 
                                with substance use disorder; or
                            ``(vi) development and utilization of 
                        existing technical assistance and training 
                        resources to improve the capacity of substance 
                        use disorder treatment programs to address 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, and stalking among patients the 
                        programs serve.'';
            (8) in subsection (d)(2)(A)--
                    (A) by inserting ``or behavioral health'' after 
                ``of health'';
                    (B) by inserting ``behavioral'' after ``physical 
                or''; and
                    (C) by striking ``mental'' before ``health care'';
            (9) in subsection (d)(2)(B)--
                    (A) by striking ``or health system'' and inserting 
                ``behavioral health treatment system''; and
                    (B) by striking ``mental'' and inserting 
                ``behavioral'';
            (10) in subsection (f) in the heading, by striking 
        ``Research and Evaluation'' and inserting ``Research, 
        Evaluation, and Data Collection'';
            (11) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``research and 
        evaluation'' and inserting ``research, evaluation, or data 
        collection'';
            (12) in subsection (f)(1)(B), by inserting after ``health 
        care'' the following: ``or behavioral health'';
            (13) in subsection (f)(2)--
                    (A) in the heading, by inserting after ``Research'' 
                the following: ``and data collection'';
                    (B) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                inserting ``or data collection'' before ``authorized in 
                paragraph (1)'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (D) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting a semicolon; and
                    (E) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the 
                following:
                    ``(E) research on the intersection of substance use 
                disorder and domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, and stalking, including the effect of coerced 
                use and efforts by an abusive partner or other to 
                interfere with substance use disorder treatment and 
                recovery; and
                    ``(F) improvement of data collection using existing 
                Federal surveys by including questions about domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking 
                and substance use disorder, coerced use, and mental or 
                behavioral health.'';
            (14) in subsection (g), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' 
        and inserting ``2020 through 2024''; and
            (15) in subsection (h), by striking ``herein'' and 
        ``provided for''.

                    TITLE VI--SAFE HOMES FOR VICTIMS

SEC. 601. HOUSING PROTECTIONS FOR VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING 
              VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, AND STALKING.

    Section 41411 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 
12491) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``brother, 
                sister,'' and inserting ``sibling,'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by inserting 
                        before the semicolon at the end the following: 
                        ``including the direct loan program under such 
                        section'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``the 
                        program under subtitle A'' and inserting ``the 
                        programs under subtitles A through D'';
                            (iii) in subparagraph (I)--
                                    (I) by striking ``sections 514, 
                                515, 516, 533, and 538 of the Housing 
                                Act of 1949 (42 U.S.C. 1484, 1485, 
                                1486, 1490m, and 1490p-2)'' and 
                                inserting ``sections 514, 515, 516, 
                                533, 538, and 542 of the Housing Act of 
                                1949 (42 U.S.C. 1484, 1485, 1486, 
                                1490m, 1490p-2, and 1490r)''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``and'' at the 
                                end;
                            (iv) in subparagraph (J), by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting a semicolon; 
                        and
                            (v) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(K) the provision of assistance from the Housing 
                Trust Fund as established under section 1338 of the 
                Federal Housing Enterprises Financial Safety and 
                Soundness Act of 1992 (12 U.S.C. 4501);
                    ``(L) the provision of assistance for housing under 
                the Comprehensive Service Programs for Homeless 
                Veterans program under subchapter II of chapter 20 of 
                title 38, United States Code (38 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.);
                    ``(M) the provision of assistance for housing and 
                facilities under the grant program for homeless 
                veterans with special needs under section 2061 of title 
                38, United States Code;
                    ``(N) the provision of assistance for permanent 
                housing under the program for financial assistance for 
                supportive services for very low-income veteran 
                families in permanent housing under section 2044 of 
                title 38, United States Code; and
                    ``(O) any other Federal housing programs providing 
                affordable housing to low-income persons by means of 
                restricted rents or rental assistance as identified by 
                the appropriate agency.''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Covered housing provider.--The term `covered housing 
        provider' refers to the individual or entity under a covered 
        housing program that has responsibility for the administration 
        or oversight of housing assisted under a covered housing 
        program and includes public housing agencies, sponsors, owners, 
        mortgagors, managers, grantee under the Continuum of Care, 
        State and local governments or agencies thereof, and nonprofit 
        or for-profit organizations or entities.
            ``(5) Continuum of care.--The term `Continuum of Care' 
        means the Federal program authorized under subtitle C of title 
        IV of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 
        11381 et seq.).
            ``(6) Internal transfer.--The term `internal transfer' 
        means an emergency transfer under subsection (e) from a unit of 
        a covered housing provider to a unit of the same covered 
        housing provider and under the same covered housing program 
        except for programs under the McKinney-Vento Homeless 
        Assistance Act that can transfer to any unit of the same 
        covered housing provider.
            ``(7) External transfer.--The term `external transfer' 
        means an emergency transfer under subsection (e) from a unit of 
        a covered housing provider to a unit of a different covered 
        housing provider under the same covered housing program.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(3)--
                    (A) in the heading, by inserting after ``criminal 
                activity'' the following: ``and family break-up'';
                    (B) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as 
                follows:
                    ``(A) Denial of assistance, tenancy, and occupancy 
                rights prohibited.--
                            ``(i) In general.--A tenant shall not be 
                        denied assistance, tenancy, or occupancy rights 
                        to housing assisted under a covered housing 
                        program solely on the basis of criminal 
                        activity directly relating to domestic 
                        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                        stalking that is engaged in by a member of the 
                        household of the tenant or any guest or other 
                        person under the control of the tenant, if the 
                        tenant or an affiliated individual of the 
                        tenant is the victim or threatened victim of 
                        such domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, or stalking.
                            ``(ii) Criminal activity engaged in by 
                        perpetrator of abuse.--A tenant shall not be 
                        denied assistance, tenancy, or occupancy rights 
                        to housing assisted under a covered housing 
                        program solely on the basis of criminal 
                        activity, including drug-related criminal 
                        activity (as such term is defined section 
                        3(b)(9) of the United States Housing Act of 
                        1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437a(b)(9)), engaged in by the 
                        perpetrator of the domestic violence, dating 
                        violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
                            ``(iii) Review prior to denial of 
                        assistance.--Prior to denying assistance, 
                        tenancy, or occupancy rights to housing 
                        assisted under a covered housing program to a 
                        tenant on the basis of criminal activity of the 
                        tenant, including drug-related criminal 
                        activity, the covered housing provider must 
                        conduct an individualized review of the 
                        totality of the circumstances regarding the 
                        criminal activity at issue if the tenant is a 
                        victim of domestic violence, dating violence, 
                        sexual assault, or stalking. Such review shall 
                        include consideration of--
                                    ``(I) the nature and severity of 
                                the criminal activity;
                                    ``(II) the amount of time that has 
                                elapsed since the occurrence of the 
                                criminal activity;
                                    ``(III) if the tenant engaged in 
                                more than one instance of criminal 
                                activity, the frequency and duration of 
                                the criminal activity;
                                    ``(IV) whether the criminal 
                                activity was related to a symptom of a 
                                disability, including a substance use 
                                disorder;
                                    ``(V) whether the victim was 
                                coerced by the perpetrator of domestic 
                                violence, dating violence, sexual 
                                assault, or stalking;
                                    ``(VI) whether the victim has taken 
                                affirmative steps to reduce the 
                                likelihood that the criminal activity 
                                will recur; and
                                    ``(VII) any mitigating factors.
                        The covered housing program must provide the 
                        tenant with a written summary of its review and 
                        the tenant shall have the opportunity to invoke 
                        the covered housing program's grievance policy 
                        to dispute the findings.'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) in the heading, by striking 
                        ``Bifurcation'' and inserting ``Family break-
                        up'';
                            (ii) by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) 
                        as clauses (ii) and (iii) respectively;
                            (iii) by inserting before clause (ii) (as 
                        redesignated by clause (ii) of this 
                        subparagraph) the following:
                            ``(i) In general.--If a family break-up 
                        results from an occurrence of domestic 
                        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                        stalking, and the perpetrator no longer resides 
                        in the unit and was the sole tenant eligible to 
                        receive assistance under a covered housing 
                        program, the covered housing provider shall--
                                    ``(I) provide any other tenant or 
                                resident the opportunity to establish 
                                eligibility for the covered housing 
                                program; or
                                    ``(II) provide that tenant or 
                                resident with at least 180 days to 
                                remain in the unit under the same terms 
                                and conditions as the perpetrator and 
                                find new housing or establish 
                                eligibility for another covered housing 
                                program.'';
                            (iv) in clause (ii) (as redesignated by 
                        clause (ii) of this subparagraph)--
                                    (I) in the heading, by striking 
                                ``In general'' and inserting 
                                ``Eviction''; and
                                    (II) by inserting after ``a public 
                                housing agency'' the following: ``, 
                                participating jurisdictions, grantees 
                                under the Continuum of Care, 
                                grantees,''; and
                            (v) by striking clause (iii) (as 
                        redesignated by clause (ii) of this 
                        subparagraph);
                    (D) in subparagraph (C)--
                            (i) in clause (iii), by striking ``or'' at 
                        the end;
                            (ii) in clause (iv), by striking the period 
                        at the end and inserting ``; or''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(v) to limit any right, remedy, or 
                        procedure otherwise available under the 
                        Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 
                        2005 (Public Law 109-162, 119 Stat. 2960) prior 
                        to the date of enactment of the Violence 
                        Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2019.''; 
                        and
                    (E) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                following:
                    ``(D) Early termination.--A covered housing 
                provider shall permit a tenant assisted under the 
                covered housing program to terminate the lease at any 
                time prior to the end date of the lease, without 
                penalty, if the tenant has been a victim of domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking 
                and the tenant--
                            ``(i) sends notice of the early lease 
                        termination to the landlord in writing prior to 
                        or within 3 days of vacating the premises 
                        unless a shorter notice period is provided for 
                        under State law;
                            ``(ii)(I) reasonably believes that the 
                        tenant is threatened with imminent harm if the 
                        tenant remains within the same dwelling unit 
                        subject to the lease; or
                            ``(II) is a victim of sexual assault, the 
                        sexual assault occurred on the premises during 
                        the 180-day period preceding the request for 
                        lease termination; and
                            ``(iii) provides a form of documentation 
                        consistent with the requirements outlined in 
                        subsection (c)(3).
                Nothing in this subparagraph may be construed to 
                preclude any automatic termination of a lease by 
                operation of law.'';
            (3) in subsection (c)(4), in the matter preceding 
        subparagraph (A)--
                    (A) by striking ``Any information submitted to a 
                public housing agency or owner or manager'' and 
                inserting ``Covered housing providers shall ensure any 
                information submitted''; and
                    (B) by inserting after ``owner or manager'' the 
                following: ``of housing assisted under a covered 
                housing program'';
            (4) by amending subsection (e) to read as follows:
    ``(e) Emergency Transfers.--
            ``(1) In general.--A tenant who is a victim of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking may 
        apply for an emergency transfer to another available and safe 
        dwelling unit assisted under a covered housing program, and the 
        covered housing provider shall grant such application if--
                    ``(A) the tenant expressly requests the transfer 
                from the covered housing provider; and
                    ``(B)(i) the tenant reasonably believes that the 
                tenant is threatened with imminent harm from further 
                violence if the tenant remains within the same dwelling 
                unit assisted under a covered housing program; or
                    ``(ii) in the case of a tenant who is a victim of 
                sexual assault, the sexual assault occurred on the 
                premises during the 180 day period preceding the 
                request for transfer.
        A tenant who is not in good standing retains the right to an 
        emergency transfer if they meet the eligibility requirements in 
        this section and the eligibility requirements of the program to 
        which the tenant intends to transfer.
            ``(2) Policies.--Each appropriate agency shall adopt an 
        emergency transfer policy for use by covered housing programs. 
        Such emergency transfer policies shall reflect the variations 
        in program operation and administration by covered housing 
        program type. The policies must, at a minimum--
                    ``(A) describe a process that--
                            ``(i) permits tenants who are victims of 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, or stalking to move to another 
                        available and safe dwelling quickly through an 
                        internal transfer and by receiving a tenant 
                        protection voucher, if eligible, pursuant to 
                        subsection (f);
                            ``(ii) provides that the victim can choose 
                        between completing an internal transfer or 
                        receiving a tenant protection voucher, 
                        whichever is the safest option for the victim; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) requires that an internal transfer 
                        must occur within 10 days after a covered 
                        housing provider's approval of a request for an 
                        emergency transfer;
                    ``(B) describe a process to permit tenants who are 
                victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, or stalking to complete an external transfer;
                    ``(C) describe a process that allows a victim of 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                stalking to temporarily relocate, while maintaining 
                eligibility for the covered housing program without the 
                loss of their housing status, if there are no 
                alternative comparable housing program units available, 
                until a safe housing unit under the covered housing 
                program or a tenant protection voucher is available;
                    ``(D) prioritize completing internal transfers and 
                receiving tenant protection vouchers over external 
                transfers, except for Continua of Care, which shall 
                prioritize completing an internal transfer or external 
                transfer prior to receiving a tenant protection 
                voucher;
                    ``(E) mandate that internal and external transfers 
                take priority over non-emergency transfers;
                    ``(F) mandate that internal and external transfers 
                are not considered new applicants and take priority 
                over existing waiting lists for a covered housing 
                program;
                    ``(G) incorporate confidentiality measures to 
                ensure that the appropriate agency and the covered 
                housing provider do not disclose any information 
                regarding a tenant who is victim of domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking, including 
                the location of a new dwelling unit to any person or 
                entity without the written authorization of the tenant;
                    ``(H) mandate that if a victim cannot receive an 
                internal transfer, external transfer, and a tenant 
                protection voucher, then the covered housing provider 
                must assist the victim in identifying other housing 
                providers who may have safe and available units to 
                which the victim can move and that the covered housing 
                provider also assist tenants in contacting local 
                organizations offering assistance to victims; and
                    ``(I) mandate a uniform policy for how a victim of 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                stalking requests an internal or external transfer.
            ``(3) Local systems funded by continuum of care.--In 
        addition to adopting the policies as defined in paragraph (2) 
        in an emergency transfer policy, each grantee under the 
        Continuum of Care shall designate the entity within its 
        geographic area that will coordinate and facilitate emergency 
        transfers, and that entity shall also--
                    ``(A) coordinate external transfers among all 
                covered housing providers participating in the 
                Continuum of Care;
                    ``(B) identify an external transfer, if available, 
                within 30 days of an approved request;
                    ``(C) coordinate emergency transfers with Continua 
                of Care in other jurisdictions in cases where the 
                victim requests an out-of-jurisdiction transfer; and
                    ``(D) ensure a victim is not required to be 
                reassessed through the local Continuum of Care intake 
                process when seeking an emergency transfer placement.
            ``(4) Regional offices.--Each regional office of the 
        Department of Housing and Urban Development (hereinafter in 
        this section referred to as a `HUD regional office') shall 
        develop and implement a regional emergency transfer plan in 
        collaboration with public housing agencies and the entities 
        designated under paragraph (3). Such a plan shall set forth how 
        public housing agencies will coordinate emergency transfers 
        with other public housing agencies regionally. The plans must 
        be submitted to the Violence Against Women Director and be made 
        publicly available. HUD regional offices shall defer to any 
        additional emergency transfer policies, priorities and 
        strategies set by entities designated under paragraph (3).
            ``(5) Covered housing providers.--Each covered housing 
        provider shall develop and implement an emergency transfer 
        policy consistent with the requirements in paragraph (2) or 
        (3).'';
            (5) in subsection (f), by adding at the end the following: 
        ``The Secretary shall establish these policies and procedures 
        within 60 days after the date of enactment of the Violence 
        Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2019.'';
            (6) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (k); and
            (7) by inserting after subsection (f) the following:
    ``(g) Emergency Transfer Policies and Procedures.--The head of each 
appropriate agency shall establish the policy required under subsection 
(e) with respect to emergency transfers and emergency transfer vouchers 
within 180 days after the date of enactment of the Violence Against 
Women Reauthorization Act of 2019.
    ``(h) Emergency Transfer Vouchers.--Provision of emergency transfer 
vouchers to victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
assault, or stalking under subsection (e), shall be considered an 
eligible use of any funding for tenant protection voucher assistance 
available under section 8(o) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 
(42 U.S.C. 1437f(o)) subject to the availability of appropriated funds.
    ``(i) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out emergency transfers under this section, 
$20,000,000 under section 8(o) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 
(42 U.S.C. 1437f(o)) for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024.
    ``(j) Training and Referrals.--
            ``(1) Training for staff of covered housing programs.--The 
        Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, in partnership with 
        domestic violence experts, shall develop mandatory training for 
        staff of covered housing providers to provide a basic 
        understanding of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, and stalking, and to facilitate implementation of this 
        section. All staff of covered housing providers shall attend 
        the basic understanding training once annually; and all staff 
        and managers engaged in tenant services shall attend both the 
        basic understanding training and the implementation training 
        once annually.
            ``(2) Referrals.--The appropriate agency with respect to 
        each covered housing program shall supply all appropriate staff 
        of the covered housing providers with a referral listing of 
        public contact information for all domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, and stalking service providers 
        offering services in its coverage area.''.

SEC. 602. ENSURING COMPLIANCE AND IMPLEMENTATION; PROHIBITING 
              RETALIATION AGAINST VICTIMS.

    Chapter 2 of subtitle N of title IV of the Violence Against Women 
Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12491 et seq.) is amended by inserting after 
section 41411 the following:

``SEC. 41412. COMPLIANCE REVIEWS.

    ``(a) Annual Compliance Reviews.--Each appropriate agency 
administering a covered housing program shall establish a process by 
which to review compliance with the requirements of this subtitle, on 
an annual basis, of the covered housing providers administered by that 
agency. Such a review shall examine the following topics:
            ``(1) Covered housing provider compliance with requirements 
        prohibiting the denial of assistance, tenancy, or occupancy 
        rights on the basis of domestic violence, dating violence, 
        sexual assault, or stalking.
            ``(2) Covered housing provider compliance with 
        confidentiality provisions set forth in section 41411(c)(4).
            ``(3) Covered housing provider compliance with the 
        notification requirements set forth in section 41411(d)(2).
            ``(4) Covered housing provider compliance with accepting 
        documentation set forth in section 41411(c).
            ``(5) Covered housing provider compliance with emergency 
        transfer requirements set forth in section 41411(e).
            ``(6) Covered housing provider compliance with the 
        prohibition on retaliation set forth in section 41414.
    ``(b) Regulations.--Each appropriate agency shall issue regulations 
to implement subsection (a) not later than 1 year after the effective 
date of the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2019. These 
regulations shall--
            ``(1) define standards of compliance for covered housing 
        providers;
            ``(2) include detailed reporting requirements, including 
        the number of emergency transfers requested and granted, as 
        well as the length of time needed to process emergency 
        transfers, disaggregated by external and internal transfers; 
        and
            ``(3) include standards for corrective action plans where a 
        covered housing provider has failed to meet compliance 
        standards.
    ``(c) Public Disclosure.--Each appropriate agency shall ensure that 
an agency-level assessment of the information collected during the 
compliance review process completed pursuant to this subsection is made 
publicly available. This agency-level assessment shall include an 
evaluation of each topic identified in subsection (a).
    ``(d) Rules of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed--
            ``(1) to limit any claim filed or other proceeding 
        commenced, by the date of enactment of the Violence Against 
        Women Reauthorization Act of 2019, with regard to any right, 
        remedy, or procedure otherwise available under the Violence 
        Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2005 (Public Law 109-162, 
        119 Stat. 2960), as in effect on the day prior to such date of 
        enactment; or
            ``(2) to supersede any provision of any Federal, State, or 
        local law that provides greater protection than this section 
        for victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, or stalking.

``SEC. 41413. DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT VIOLENCE 
              AGAINST WOMEN DIRECTOR.

    ``(a) Establishment.--There shall be, within the Office of the 
Secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Development, a 
Violence Against Women Director (in this section referred to as the 
`Director').
    ``(b) Duties.--The Director shall--
            ``(1) support implementation of the provisions of this 
        subtitle;
            ``(2) coordinate development of Federal regulations, 
        policy, protocols, and guidelines on matters relating to the 
        implementation of this subtitle, at each agency administering a 
        covered housing program;
            ``(3) advise and coordinate with designated officials 
        within the United States Interagency Council on Homelessness, 
        the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Department 
        of the Treasury, the Department of Agriculture, the Department 
        of Health and Human Services, the Department of Veterans 
        Affairs, and the Department of Justice concerning legislation, 
        implementation, and other issues relating to or affecting the 
        housing provisions under this subtitle;
            ``(4) provide technical assistance, coordination, and 
        support to each appropriate agency regarding advancing housing 
        protections and access to housing for victims of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking, 
        including compliance with this subtitle;
            ``(5) ensure that adequate technical assistance is made 
        available to covered housing providers regarding implementation 
        of this subtitle, as well as other issues related to advancing 
        housing protections for victims of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, and stalking, including compliance 
        with this subtitle;
            ``(6) act as a liaison with the judicial branches of 
        Federal, State, and local governments on matters relating to 
        the housing needs of victims of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, sexual assault, and stalking;
            ``(7) implement a quality control system and a corrective 
        action plan system for those covered housing providers that 
        fail to comply with this subtitle, wherein--
                    ``(A) such corrective action plans shall be 
                developed in partnership with national, State, or local 
                programs focused on child or adult victims of domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking; 
                and
                    ``(B) such corrective action plans shall include 
                provisions requiring covered housing providers to 
                review and develop appropriate notices, procedures, and 
                staff training to improve compliance with this 
                subtitle, in partnership with national, state, or local 
                programs focused on child or adult victims;
            ``(8) establish a formal reporting process to receive 
        individual complaints concerning noncompliance with this 
        subtitle;
            ``(9) coordinate the development of interagency guidelines 
        to ensure that information concerning available dwelling units 
        is forwarded to the Director by all covered housing providers 
        for use by the Secretary in facilitating the emergency transfer 
        process;
            ``(10) coordinate with HUD regional offices and officials 
        at each appropriate agency the development of Federal 
        regulations, policy, protocols, and guidelines regarding 
        uniform timeframes for the completion of emergency transfers; 
        and
            ``(11) ensure that the guidance and notices to victims are 
        distributed in commonly encountered languages.
    ``(c) Rules of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed--
            ``(1) to limit any claim filed or other proceeding 
        commenced, by the date of enactment of the Violence Against 
        Women Reauthorization Act of 2019, with regard to any right, 
        remedy, or procedure otherwise available under the Violence 
        Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2005 (Public Law 109-162, 
        119 Stat. 2960), as in effect on the day prior to such date of 
        enactment; or
            ``(2) to supersede any provision of any Federal, State, or 
        local law that provides greater protection than this section 
        for victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, or stalking.

``SEC. 41414. PROHIBITION ON RETALIATION.

    ``(a) Nondiscrimination Requirement.--No covered housing provider 
shall discriminate against any person because that person has opposed 
any act or practice made unlawful by this subtitle, or because that 
individual testified, assisted, or participated in any matter related 
to this subtitle.
    ``(b) Prohibition on Coercion.--No covered housing provider shall 
coerce, intimidate, threaten, or interfere with, or retaliate against, 
any person in the exercise or enjoyment of, or on account of the person 
having exercised or enjoyed, or on account of the person having aided 
or encouraged any other individual in the exercise or enjoyment of, any 
rights or protections under this subtitle, including--
            ``(1) intimidating or threatening any person because that 
        person is assisting or encouraging an individual entitled to 
        claim the rights or protections under this subtitle; and
            ``(2) retaliating against any person because that person 
        has participated in any investigation or action to enforce this 
        subtitle.
    ``(c) Enforcement Authority of the Secretary.--The authority of the 
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development and the Office for Fair 
Housing and Equal Opportunity to enforce this section shall be the same 
as the Fair Housing Act (42 U.S.C. 3610 et seq.).''.

SEC. 603. PROTECTING THE RIGHT TO REPORT CRIME FROM ONE'S HOME.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 2 of subtitle N of title IV of the 
Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12491 et seq.), as 
amended by this Act, is further amended by inserting after section 
41414 the following:

``SEC. 41415. RIGHT TO REPORT CRIME AND EMERGENCIES FROM ONE'S HOME.

    ``(a) In General.--Landlords, homeowners, residents, occupants, and 
guests of, and applicants for, housing assisted under a covered housing 
program shall have the right to seek law enforcement or emergency 
assistance on their own behalf or on behalf of another person in need 
of assistance, and shall not be penalized based on their requests for 
assistance or based on criminal activity of which they are a victim or 
otherwise not at fault under statutes, ordinances, regulations, or 
policies adopted or enforced by covered governmental entities as 
defined in subsection (d). Penalties that are prohibited include--
            ``(1) actual or threatened assessment of penalties, fees, 
        or fines;
            ``(2) actual or threatened eviction;
            ``(3) actual or threatened refusal to rent or renew 
        tenancy;
            ``(4) actual or threatened refusal to issue an occupancy 
        permit or landlord permit; and
            ``(5) actual or threatened closure of the property, or 
        designation of the property as a nuisance or a similarly 
        negative designation.
    ``(b) Reporting.--Consistent with the process provided for in 
section 104(b) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 (42 
U.S.C. 5304(b)), covered governmental entities shall--
            ``(1) report any of their laws or policies, or, as 
        applicable, the laws or policies adopted by subgrantees, that 
        impose penalties on landlords, homeowners, residents, 
        occupants, guests, or housing applicants based on requests for 
        law enforcement or emergency assistance or based on criminal 
        activity that occurred at a property; and
            ``(2) certify that they are in compliance with the 
        protections under this subtitle or describe the steps they will 
        take within 180 days to come into compliance, or to ensure 
        compliance among subgrantees.
    ``(c) Oversight.--Oversight and accountability mechanisms provided 
for under title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3601 et 
seq.) shall be available to address violations of this section.
    ``(d) Definition.--For purposes of this section, `covered 
governmental entity' shall mean any municipal, county, or state 
government that receives funding pursuant to section 106 of the Housing 
and Community Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5306).
    ``(e) Subgrantees.--For those covered governmental entities that 
distribute funds to subgrantees, compliance with subsection (b)(1) 
includes inquiring about the existence of laws and policies adopted by 
subgrantees that impose penalties on landlords, homeowners, residents, 
occupants, guests, or housing applicants based on requests for law 
enforcement or emergency assistance or based on criminal activity that 
occurred at a property.''.
    (b) Supporting Effective, Alternative Crime Reduction Methods.--
            (1) Additional authorized use of byrne-jag funds.--Section 
        501(a)(1) of subpart 1 of part E of title I of the Omnibus 
        Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 
        10152(a)(1)) is amended by adding after subparagraph (H) the 
        following:
                    ``(I) Programs for the development and 
                implementation of alternative methods of reducing crime 
                in communities, to supplant punitive programs or 
                policies. For purposes of this subparagraph, a punitive 
                program or policy is a program or policy that (i) 
                imposes a penalty on a victim of domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking, on the 
                basis of a request by the victim for law enforcement or 
                emergency assistance; or (ii) imposes a penalty on such 
                a victim because of criminal activity at the property 
                in which the victim resides.''.
            (2) Additional authorized use of cops funds.--Section 
        1701(b) of part Q of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and 
        Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10381(b)) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (22), by striking ``and'' after 
                the semicolon;
                    (B) in paragraph (23), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(24) to develop and implement alternative methods of 
        reducing crime in communities, to supplant punitive programs or 
        policies (as such term is defined in section 501(a)(1)(I)).''.
            (3) Additional authorized use of grants to encourage arrest 
        policies.--Section 2101(b) of part U of title I of the Omnibus 
        Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 
        10461(b)), as amended by this Act, is further amended by adding 
        at the end the following:
            ``(25) To develop and implement alternative methods of 
        reducing crime in communities, to supplant punitive programs or 
        policies. For purposes of this paragraph, a punitive program or 
        policy is a program or policy that (A) imposes a penalty on a 
        victim of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
        or stalking, on the basis of a request by the victim for law 
        enforcement or emergency assistance; or (B) imposes a penalty 
        on such a victim because of criminal activity at the property 
        in which the victim resides.''.

SEC. 604. TRANSITIONAL HOUSING ASSISTANCE GRANTS FOR VICTIMS OF 
              DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, OR 
              STALKING.

    Section 40299 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 
12351) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``the Director of the Violence 
                Against Women Office'' and inserting ``the Director of 
                the Office on Violence Against Women''; and
                    (B) by inserting after ``, other nonprofit, 
                nongovernmental organizations'' the following: ``, 
                population-specific organizations''; and
            (2) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2014 through 
                2018'' and inserting ``2020 through 2024'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``5 percent'' and 
                inserting ``8 percent''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3)(B), by striking ``0.25 
                percent'' and inserting ``0.5 percent''.

SEC. 605. ADDRESSING THE HOUSING NEEDS OF VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, 
              DATING VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, AND STALKING.

    (a) McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Grants.--Section 423(a) of 
the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11383(a)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(13) Facilitating and coordinating activities to ensure 
        compliance with section 41411(e) of the Violence Against Women 
        Act of 1994, including, in consultation with the regional 
        office (if applicable) of the appropriate agency (as such term 
        is defined in section 41411 of the Violence Against Women Act 
        of 1994), development of external transfer memoranda of 
        understanding between covered housing providers, participating 
        in the local Continua of Care, facilitation of external 
        transfers between those covered housing providers participating 
        in the local Continua of Care, and monitoring compliance with 
        the confidentiality protections of section 41411(c)(4) of the 
        Violence Against Women Act of 1994 for reporting to that 
        regional office.''.
    (b) Definition of Domestic Violence and Other Dangerous or Life-
Threatening Conditions Amended.--Section 103(b) of the McKinney-Vento 
Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11302(b)) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(b) Domestic Violence and Other Dangerous or Life-Threatening 
Conditions.--Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, the 
Secretary shall consider to be homeless any individual or family who--
            ``(1) is fleeing, or attempting to flee, domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, stalking, and who have no 
        other residence and lack resources to obtain other permanent 
        housing; or
            ``(2) is fleeing or attempting to flee a dangerous or life-
        threatening condition in the individual's or family's current 
        housing situation, including where the health and safety of 
        children are jeopardized and who have no other residence and 
        lack the resources or support networks to obtain other 
        permanent housing.''.
    (c) Collaborative Grants To Increase the Long-Term Stability of 
Victims.--Section 41404(i) of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 
(34 U.S.C. 12474(i)) is amended by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and 
inserting ``2020 through 2024''.
    (d) Grants To Combat Violence Against Women in Public and Assisted 
Housing.--Section 41405 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (34 
U.S.C. 12475) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``the Director of the 
        Violence Against Women Office'' and inserting ``the Director of 
        the Office on Violence Against Women'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(2)(D), by inserting after 
        ``linguistically and culturally specific service providers,'' 
        the following: ``population-specific organizations,''; and
            (3) in subsection (g), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' 
        and inserting the following: ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 606. UNITED STATES HOUSING ACT OF 1937 AMENDMENTS.

    Section 5A(d) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 
1437c-1(d)) is amended--
            (1) by amending paragraph (13) to read as follows:
            ``(13) Domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
        or stalking programs.--
                    ``(A) Copies.--A copy of--
                            ``(i) all standardized notices issued 
                        pursuant to the housing protections under 
                        subtitle N of the Violence Against Women Act of 
                        1994, including the notice required under 
                        section 41411(d) of the Violence Against Women 
                        Act of 1994;
                            ``(ii) the emergency transfer plan issued 
                        pursuant to section 41411 of the Violence 
                        Against Women Act of 1994; and
                            ``(iii) any and all memoranda of 
                        understanding with other covered housing 
                        providers developed to facilitate emergency 
                        transfers under section 41411(e) of the 
                        Violence Against Women Act of 1994.
                    ``(B) Descriptions.--A description of--
                            ``(i) any activities, services, or programs 
                        provided or offered by an agency, either 
                        directly or in partnership with other service 
                        providers, to child or adult victims of 
                        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                        assault, or stalking;
                            ``(ii) any activities, services, or 
                        programs provided or offered by a public 
                        housing agency that helps child and adult 
                        victims of domestic violence, dating violence, 
                        sexual assault, or stalking, to obtain or 
                        maintain housing;
                            ``(iii) any activities, services, or 
                        programs provided or offered by a public 
                        housing agency to prevent domestic violence, 
                        dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking, 
                        or to enhance victim safety in assisted 
                        families; and
                            ``(iv) all training and support services 
                        offered to staff of the public housing agency 
                        to provide a basic understanding of domestic 
                        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and 
                        stalking, and to facilitate implementation of 
                        the housing protections of section 41411 of the 
                        Violence Against Women Act of 1994.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (16), by inserting ``the Violence Against 
        Women Act of 1994,'' before ``the Fair Housing Act''.

                TITLE VII--ECONOMIC SECURITY FOR VICTIMS

SEC. 701. FINDINGS.

    Congress finds the following:
            (1) Over 1 in 3 women experience sexual violence, and 1 in 
        5 women have survived completed or attempted rape. Such 
        violence has a devastating impact on women's physical and 
        emotional health, financial security, and ability to maintain 
        their jobs, and thus impacts interstate commerce and economic 
        security.
            (2) The Office on Violence Against Women of the Department 
        of Justice defines domestic violence as a pattern of abusive 
        behavior in any relationship that is used by one intimate 
        partner to gain or maintain power and control over another 
        intimate partner. Domestic violence can include physical, 
        sexual, emotional, economic, or psychological actions or 
        threats of actions that influence another person. Domestic 
        violence includes any behaviors that intimidate, manipulate, 
        humiliate, isolate, frighten, terrorize, coerce, threaten, 
        blame, hurt, injure, or wound an individual.
            (3) The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report 
        that domestic violence or intimate partner violence is a 
        serious public health issue for millions of individuals in the 
        United States. Nearly 1 in 4 women and 1 in 9 men in the United 
        States have suffered sexual violence, physical violence, or 
        stalking by an intimate partner.
            (4) Transgender and gender non-conforming people face 
        extraordinary levels of physical and sexual violence.
            (5) More than 1 in 4 transgender people have faced bias-
        driven assault, and this rate is higher for trans women and 
        trans people of color.
            (6) The American Foundation for Suicide Prevention has 
        found that transgender and gender non-conforming people had an 
        elevated prevalence of suicide attempts, especially when they 
        have suffered physical or sexual violence.
            (7) Homicide is one of the leading causes of death for 
        women on the job. Domestic partners or relatives commit 43 
        percent of workplace homicides against women. One study found 
        that intimate partner violence resulted in 142 homicides among 
        women at work in the United States from 2003 to 2008, a figure 
        which represents 22 percent of the 648 workplace homicides 
        among women during the period. In fact, in 2010, homicides 
        against women at work increased by 13 percent despite 
        continuous declines in overall workplace homicides in recent 
        years.
            (8) Women in the United States are 11 times more likely to 
        be murdered with guns than women in other high-income 
        countries. Female intimate partners are more likely to be 
        murdered with a firearm than all other means combined. The 
        presence of a gun in domestic violence situations increases the 
        risk of homicide for women by 500 percent.
            (9) Violence can have a dramatic impact on the survivor of 
        such violence. Studies indicate that 44 percent of surveyed 
        employed adults experienced the effect of domestic violence in 
        the workplace, and 64 percent indicated their workplace 
        performance was affected by such violence. Another recent 
        survey found that 78 percent of offenders used workplace 
        resources to express anger, check up on, pressure, or threaten 
        a survivor. Sexual assault, whether occurring in or out of the 
        workplace, can impair an employee's work performance, require 
        time away from work, and undermine the employee's ability to 
        maintain a job. Nearly 50 percent of sexual assault survivors 
        lose their jobs or are forced to quit in the aftermath of the 
        assaults.
            (10) Studies find that 60 percent of single women lack 
        economic security and 81 percent of households with single 
        mothers live in economic insecurity. Significant barriers that 
        survivors confront include access to housing, transportation, 
        and child care. Ninety-two percent of homeless women have 
        experienced domestic violence, and more than 50 percent of such 
        women cite domestic violence as the direct cause for 
        homelessness. Survivors are deprived of their autonomy, 
        liberty, and security, and face tremendous threats to their 
        health and safety.
            (11) The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report 
        that survivors of severe intimate partner violence lose nearly 
        8 million days of paid work, which is the equivalent of more 
        than 32,000 full-time jobs and almost 5,600,000 days of 
        household productivity each year. Therefore, women 
        disproportionately need time off to care for their health or to 
        find safety solutions, such as obtaining a restraining order or 
        finding housing, to avoid or prevent further violence.
            (12) Annual costs of intimate partner violence are 
        estimated to be more than $8,300,000,000. According to the 
        Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the costs of 
        intimate partner violence against women in 1995 exceeded an 
        estimated $5,800,000,000. These costs included nearly 
        $4,100,000,000 in the direct costs of medical and mental health 
        care and nearly $1,800,000,000 in the indirect costs of lost 
        productivity. These statistics are generally considered to be 
        underestimated because the costs associated with the criminal 
        justice system are not included.
            (13) Fifty-five percent of senior executives recently 
        surveyed said domestic violence has a harmful effect on their 
        company's productivity, and more than 70 percent said domestic 
        violence negatively affects attendance. Seventy-eight percent 
        of human resources professionals consider partner violence a 
        workplace issue. However, more than 70 percent of United States 
        workplaces have no formal program or policy that addresses 
        workplace violence, let alone domestic violence. In fact, only 
        four percent of employers provided training on domestic 
        violence.
            (14) Studies indicate that one of the best predictors of 
        whether a survivor will be able to stay away from his or her 
        abuser is the degree of his or her economic independence. 
        However, domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
        and stalking often negatively impact a survivor's ability to 
        maintain employment.
            (15) Abusers frequently seek to exert financial control 
        over their partners by actively interfering with their ability 
        to work, including preventing their partners from going to 
        work, harassing their partners at work, limiting their 
        partners' access to cash or transportation, and sabotaging 
        their partners' child care arrangements.
            (16) Economic abuse refers to behaviors that control an 
        intimate partner's ability to acquire, use, and maintain access 
        to, money, credit, ownership of assets, or access to 
        governmental or private financial benefits, including 
        defaulting on joint obligations (such as school loans, credit 
        card debt, mortgages, or rent). Other forms of such abuse may 
        include preventing someone from attending school, threatening 
        to or actually terminating employment, controlling or 
        withholding access to cash, checking, or credit accounts, and 
        attempting to damage or sabotage the creditworthiness of an 
        intimate partner, including forcing an intimate partner to 
        write bad checks, forcing an intimate partner to default on 
        payments related to household needs, such as housing, or 
        forcing an intimate partner into bankruptcy.
            (17) The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Public 
        Law 111-148), and the amendments made by such Act, ensures that 
        most health plans must cover preventive services, including 
        screening and counseling for domestic violence, at no 
        additional cost. In addition, it prohibits insurance companies 
        from discriminating against patients for preexisting 
        conditions, like domestic violence.
            (18) Yet, more can be done to help survivors. Federal law 
        in effect on the day before the date of enactment of this Act 
        does not explicitly--
                    (A) authorize survivors of domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking to take 
                leave from work to seek legal assistance and redress, 
                counseling, or assistance with safety planning 
                activities;
                    (B) address the eligibility of survivors of 
                domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                stalking for unemployment compensation;
                    (C) provide job protection to survivors of domestic 
                violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking;
                    (D) prohibit insurers and employers who self-insure 
                employee benefits from discriminating against survivors 
                of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
                or stalking and those who help them in determining 
                eligibility, rates charged, and standards for payment 
                of claims; or
                    (E) prohibit insurers from disclosing information 
                about abuse and the location of the survivors through 
                insurance databases and other means.
            (19) This Act aims to empower survivors of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking to be 
        free from violence, hardship, and control, which restrains 
        basic human rights to freedom and safety in the United States.

SEC. 702. NATIONAL RESOURCE CENTER ON WORKPLACE RESPONSES TO ASSIST 
              VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC AND SEXUAL VIOLENCE.

    Section 41501 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act 
of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12501) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by inserting ``and sexual harassment'' after 
                ``domestic and sexual violence''; and
                    (B) by striking ``employers and labor 
                organizations'' and inserting ``employers, labor 
                organizations, and victim service providers'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(3), by striking ``and stalking'' and 
        inserting ``stalking, and sexual harassment'';
            (3) in subsection (c)(1), by inserting before the period at 
        the end ``or sexual harassment'';
            (4) in subsection (c)(2)(A), by inserting ``or sexual 
        harassment'' after ``sexual violence''; and
            (5) in subsection (e), by striking ``$1,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``$2,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 703. ENTITLEMENT TO UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION FOR VICTIMS OF 
              SEXUAL AND OTHER HARASSMENT AND SURVIVORS OF DOMESTIC 
              VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, OR STALKING.

    (a) Unemployment Compensation.--
            (1) Section 3304(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is 
        amended by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (18), by 
        redesignating paragraph (19) as paragraph (20), and by 
        inserting after paragraph (18) the following new paragraph:
            ``(19) no person may be denied compensation under such 
        State law solely on the basis of the individual having a 
        voluntary separation from work if such separation is 
        attributable to such individual being a victim of sexual or 
        other harassment or a survivor of domestic violence, sexual 
        assault, or stalking; and''.
            (2) Section 3304 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is 
        amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Sexual or Other Harassment; etc.--
            ``(1) Documentation.--For purposes of subsection (a)(19), a 
        voluntary separation of an individual shall be considered to be 
        attributable to such individual being a survivor or victim of 
        sexual or other harassment or a survivor of domestic violence, 
        sexual assault, or stalking if such individual submits such 
        evidence as the State deems sufficient.
            ``(2) Sufficient documentation.--For purposes of paragraph 
        (1), a State shall deem sufficient, at a minimum--
                    ``(A) evidence of such harassment, violence, 
                assault, or stalking in the form of--
                            ``(i) a sworn statement and a form of 
                        identification;
                            ``(ii) a police or court record; or
                            ``(iii) documentation from a victim service 
                        provider, an attorney, a police officer, a 
                        medical professional, a social worker, an 
                        antiviolence counselor, a member of the clergy, 
                        or another professional; and
                    ``(B) an attestation that such voluntary separation 
                is attributable to such harassment, violence, assault, 
                or stalking.
            ``(3) Definitions.--For purposes of this section--
                    ``(A) The terms `domestic violence', `sexual 
                assault', `stalking', `victim of sexual or other 
                harassment', and `survivor of domestic violence, sexual 
                assault, or stalking' have the meanings given such 
                terms under State law, regulation, or policy.
                    ``(B) The term `victim service provider' has the 
                meaning given such term in section 40002 of the 
                Violence Against Women Act of 1994.''.
    (b) Unemployment Compensation Personnel Training.--Section 303(a) 
of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 503(a)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (12) as 
        paragraphs (5) through (13), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(4)(A) Such methods of administration as will ensure 
        that--
                    ``(i) applicants for unemployment compensation and 
                individuals inquiring about such compensation are 
                notified of the provisions of section 3304(a)(19) of 
                the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; and
                    ``(ii) claims reviewers and hearing personnel are 
                trained in--
                            ``(I) the nature and dynamics of sexual and 
                        other harassment, domestic violence, sexual 
                        assault, or stalking; and
                            ``(II) methods of ascertaining and keeping 
                        confidential information about possible 
                        experiences of sexual and other harassment, 
                        domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking 
                        to ensure that--
                                    ``(aa) requests for unemployment 
                                compensation based on separations 
                                stemming from sexual and other 
                                harassment, domestic violence, sexual 
                                assault, or stalking are identified and 
                                adjudicated; and
                                    ``(bb) confidentiality is provided 
                                for the individual's claim and 
                                submitted evidence.
            ``(B) For purposes of this paragraph--
                    ``(i) the terms `domestic violence', `sexual 
                assault', and `stalking' have the meanings given such 
                terms in section 40002 of the Violence Against Women 
                Act of 1994;
                    ``(ii) the term `sexual and other harassment' has 
                the meaning given such term under State law, 
                regulation, or policy; and
                    ``(iii) the term `survivor of domestic violence, 
                sexual assault, or stalking' means--
                            ``(I) a person who has experienced or is 
                        experiencing domestic violence, sexual assault, 
                        or stalking; and
                            ``(II) a person whose family or household 
                        member has experienced or is experiencing 
                        domestic violence, sexual assault, or 
                        stalking.''.
    (c) TANF Personnel Training.--Section 402(a) of the Social Security 
Act (42 U.S.C. 602(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following 
new paragraph:
            ``(8) Certification that the state will provide information 
        to survivors of sexual and other harassment, domestic violence, 
        sexual assault, or stalking.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A certification by the chief 
                executive officer of the State that the State has 
                established and is enforcing standards and procedures 
                to--
                            ``(i) ensure that applicants for assistance 
                        under the State program funded under this part 
                        and individuals inquiring about such assistance 
                        are adequately notified of--
                                    ``(I) the provisions of section 
                                3304(a)(19) of the Internal Revenue 
                                Code of 1986; and
                                    ``(II) assistance made available by 
                                the State to survivors of sexual and 
                                other harassment, domestic violence, 
                                sexual assault, or stalking;
                            ``(ii) ensure that case workers and other 
                        agency personnel responsible for administering 
                        the State program funded under this part are 
                        adequately trained in--
                                    ``(I) the nature and dynamics of 
                                sexual and other harassment, domestic 
                                violence, sexual assault, or stalking;
                                    ``(II) State standards and 
                                procedures relating to the prevention 
                                of, and assistance for individuals who 
                                are survivors of sexual and other 
                                harassment, domestic violence, sexual 
                                assault, or stalking; and
                                    ``(III) methods of ascertaining and 
                                keeping confidential information about 
                                possible experiences of sexual and 
                                other harassment, domestic violence, 
                                sexual assault, or stalking;
                            ``(iii) ensure that, if a State has elected 
                        to establish and enforce standards and 
                        procedures regarding the screening for, and 
                        identification of, domestic violence pursuant 
                        to paragraph (7)--
                                    ``(I) applicants for assistance 
                                under the State program funded under 
                                this part and individuals inquiring 
                                about such assistance are adequately 
                                notified of options available under 
                                such standards and procedures; and
                                    ``(II) case workers and other 
                                agency personnel responsible for 
                                administering the State program funded 
                                under this part are provided with 
                                adequate training regarding such 
                                standards and procedures and options 
                                available under such standards and 
                                procedures; and
                            ``(iv) ensure that the training required 
                        under subparagraphs (B) and, if applicable, 
                        (C)(ii) is provided through a training program 
                        operated by an eligible entity.
                    ``(B) Definitions.--For purposes of this 
                paragraph--
                            ``(i) the terms `domestic violence', 
                        `sexual assault', and `stalking' have the 
                        meanings given such terms in section 40002 of 
                        the Violence Against Women Act of 1994;
                            ``(ii) the term `sexual and other 
                        harassment' has the meaning given such term 
                        under State law, regulation, or policy; and
                            ``(iii) the term `survivor of domestic 
                        violence, sexual assault, or stalking' means--
                                    ``(I) a person who has experienced 
                                or is experiencing domestic violence, 
                                sexual assault, or stalking; and
                                    ``(II) a person whose family or 
                                household member has experienced or is 
                                experiencing domestic violence, sexual 
                                assault, or stalking.''.
    (d) Sexual and Other Harassment, Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, 
or Stalking Training Grant Program.--
            (1) Grants authorized.--The Secretary of Labor (in this 
        subsection referred to as the ``Secretary'') is authorized to 
        award--
                    (A) a grant to a national victim service provider 
                in order for such organization to--
                            (i) develop and disseminate a model 
                        training program (and related materials) for 
                        the training required under section 
                        303(a)(4)(B) of the Social Security Act, as 
                        added by subsection (b), and under subparagraph 
                        (B) and, if applicable, subparagraph (C)(ii) of 
                        section 402(a)(8) of such Act, as added by 
                        subsection (c); and
                            (ii) provide technical assistance with 
                        respect to such model training program, 
                        including technical assistance to the temporary 
                        assistance for needy families program and 
                        unemployment compensation personnel; and
                    (B) grants to State, tribal, or local agencies in 
                order for such agencies to contract with eligible 
                entities to provide State, tribal, or local caseworkers 
                and other State, tribal, or local agency personnel 
                responsible for administering the temporary assistance 
                for needy families program established under part A of 
                title IV of the Social Security Act in a State or 
                Indian reservation with the training required under 
                subparagraph (B) and, if applicable, subparagraph 
                (C)(ii) of such section 402(a)(8).
            (2) Eligible entity defined.--For purposes of paragraph 
        (1)(B), the term ``eligible entity'' means an entity--
                    (A) that is--
                            (i) a State or tribal domestic violence 
                        coalition or sexual assault coalition;
                            (ii) a State or local victim service 
                        provider with recognized expertise in the 
                        dynamics of domestic violence, sexual assault, 
                        or stalking whose primary mission is to provide 
                        services to survivors of domestic violence, 
                        sexual assault, or stalking, including a rape 
                        crisis center or domestic violence program; or
                            (iii) an organization with demonstrated 
                        expertise in State or county welfare laws and 
                        implementation of such laws and experience with 
                        disseminating information on such laws and 
                        implementation, but only if such organization 
                        will provide the required training in 
                        partnership with an entity described in clause 
                        (i) or (ii); and
                    (B) that--
                            (i) has demonstrated expertise in the 
                        dynamics of both domestic violence and sexual 
                        assault, such as a joint domestic violence and 
                        sexual assault coalition; or
                            (ii) will provide the required training in 
                        partnership with an entity described in clause 
                        (i) or (ii) of subparagraph (A) in order to 
                        comply with the dual domestic violence and 
                        sexual assault expertise requirement under 
                        clause (i).
            (3) Application.--An entity seeking a grant under this 
        subsection shall submit an application to the Secretary at such 
        time, in such form and manner, and containing such information 
        as the Secretary specifies.
            (4) Reports.--
                    (A) Reports to congress.--Not later than a year 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act, and 
                annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to 
                Congress a report on the grant program established 
                under this subsection.
                    (B) Reports available to public.--The Secretary 
                shall establish procedures for the dissemination to the 
                public of each report submitted under subparagraph (A). 
                Such procedures shall include the use of the internet 
                to disseminate such reports.
            (5) Authorization of appropriations.--
                    (A) In general.--There are authorized to be 
                appropriated--
                            (i) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2020 to 
                        carry out the provisions of paragraph (1)(A); 
                        and
                            (ii) $12,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                        2020 through 2024 to carry out the provisions 
                        of paragraph (1)(B).
                    (B) Three-year availability of grant funds.--Each 
                recipient of a grant under this subsection shall return 
                to the Secretary any unused portion of such grant not 
                later than 3 years after the date the grant was 
                awarded, together with any earnings on such unused 
                portion.
                    (C) Amounts returned.--Any amounts returned 
                pursuant to subparagraph (B) shall be available without 
                further appropriation to the Secretary for the purpose 
                of carrying out the provisions of paragraph (1)(B).
    (e) Effect on Existing Laws, etc.--
            (1) More protective laws, agreements, programs, and 
        plans.--Nothing in this title shall be construed to supersede 
        any provision of any Federal, State, or local law, collective 
        bargaining agreement, or employment benefits program or plan 
        that provides greater unemployment insurance benefits for 
        survivors of sexual and other harassment, domestic violence, 
        sexual assault, or stalking than the rights established under 
        this title.
            (2) Less protective laws, agreements, programs, and 
        plans.--Any law, collective bargaining agreement, or employment 
        benefits program or plan of a State or unit of local government 
        is preempted to the extent that such law, agreement, or program 
        or plan would impair the exercise of any right established 
        under this title or the amendments made by this title.
    (f) Effective Date.--
            (1) Unemployment amendments.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B) and paragraph (2), the amendments made by this 
                section shall apply in the case of compensation paid 
                for weeks beginning on or after the expiration of the 
                180-day period beginning on the date of enactment of 
                this Act.
                    (B) Extension of effective date for state law 
                amendment.--
                            (i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                        paragraph (2), in a case in which the Secretary 
                        of Labor identifies a State as requiring a 
                        change to its statutes, regulations, or 
                        policies in order to comply with the amendments 
                        made by this section, such amendments shall 
                        apply in the case of compensation paid for 
                        weeks beginning after the earlier of--
                                    (I) the date the State changes its 
                                statutes, regulations, or policies in 
                                order to comply with such amendments; 
                                or
                                    (II) the end of the first session 
                                of the State legislature which begins 
                                after the date of enactment of this Act 
                                or which began prior to such date and 
                                remained in session for at least 25 
                                calendar days after such date, except 
                                that in no case shall such amendments 
                                apply before the date that is 180 days 
                                after the date of enactment of this 
                                Act.
                            (ii) Session defined.--In this 
                        subparagraph, the term ``session'' means a 
                        regular, special, budget, or other session of a 
                        State legislature.
            (2) TANF amendment.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), the amendment made by subsection (c) shall take 
                effect on the date of enactment of this Act.
                    (B) Extension of effective date for state law 
                amendment.--In the case of a State plan under part A of 
                title IV of the Social Security Act which the Secretary 
                of Health and Human Services determines requires State 
                action (including legislation, regulation, or other 
                administrative action) in order for the plan to meet 
                the additional requirements imposed by the amendment 
                made by subsection (c), the State plan shall not be 
                regarded as failing to comply with the requirements of 
                such amendment on the basis of its failure to meet 
                these additional requirements before the first day of 
                the first calendar quarter beginning after the close of 
                the first regular session of the State legislature that 
                begins after the date of enactment of this Act. For 
                purposes of the previous sentence, in the case of a 
                State that has a 2-year legislative session, each year 
                of the session is considered to be a separate regular 
                session of the State legislature.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``domestic violence'', 
``sexual assault'', ``stalking'', ``survivor of domestic violence, 
sexual assault, or stalking'', and ``victim service provider'' have the 
meanings given such terms in section 3304(g) of the Internal Revenue 
Code of 1986.

SEC. 704. STUDY AND REPORTS ON BARRIERS TO SURVIVORS' ECONOMIC SECURITY 
              ACCESS.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Health and Human Services, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Labor, shall conduct a study on the 
barriers that survivors of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
assault, or stalking throughout the United States experience in 
maintaining economic security as a result of issues related to domestic 
violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
    (b) Reports.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this title, and every 5 years thereafter, the Secretary of Health and 
Human Services, in consultation with the Secretary of Labor, shall 
submit a report to Congress on the study conducted under subsection 
(a).
    (c) Contents.--The study and reports under this section shall 
include--
            (1) identification of geographic areas in which State laws, 
        regulations, and practices have a strong impact on the ability 
        of survivors of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
        assault, or stalking to exercise--
                    (A) any rights under this Act without compromising 
                personal safety or the safety of others, including 
                family members and excluding the abuser; and
                    (B) other components of economic security, 
                including financial empowerment, affordable housing, 
                transportation, healthcare access, and quality 
                education and training opportunities;
            (2) identification of geographic areas with shortages in 
        resources for such survivors, with an accompanying analysis of 
        the extent and impact of such shortage;
            (3) analysis of factors related to industries, workplace 
        settings, employer practices, trends, and other elements that 
        impact the ability of such survivors to exercise any rights 
        under this Act without compromising personal safety or the 
        safety of others, including family members;
            (4) the recommendations of the Secretary of Health and 
        Human Services and the Secretary of Labor with respect to 
        resources, oversight, and enforcement tools to ensure 
        successful implementation of the provisions of this Act in 
        order to support the economic security and safety of survivors 
        of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
        stalking; and
            (5) best practices for States, employers, health carriers, 
        insurers, and other private entities in addressing issues 
        related to domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
        or stalking.

SEC. 705. GAO STUDY.

    Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, 
the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate a 
report that examines, with respect to survivors of domestic violence, 
dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking who are, or were, enrolled 
at institutions of higher education and borrowed a loan made, insured, 
or guaranteed under title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
U.S.C. 1070 et seq.) for which the survivors have not repaid the total 
interest and principal due, each of the following:
            (1) The implications of domestic violence, dating violence, 
        sexual assault, or stalking on a borrower's ability to repay 
        their Federal student loans.
            (2) The adequacy of policies and procedures regarding 
        Federal student loan deferment, forbearance, and grace periods 
        when a survivor has to suspend or terminate the survivor's 
        enrollment at an institution of higher education due to 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
        stalking.
            (3) The adequacy of institutional policies and practices 
        regarding retention or transfer of credits when a survivor has 
        to suspend or terminate the survivor's enrollment at an 
        institution of higher education due to domestic violence, 
        dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
            (4) The availability or any options for a survivor of 
        domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking 
        who attended an institution of higher education that committed 
        unfair, deceptive, or abusive acts or practices, or otherwise 
        substantially misrepresented information to students, to be 
        able to seek a defense to repayment of the survivor's Federal 
        student loan.
            (5) The limitations faced by a survivor of domestic 
        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking to 
        obtain any relief or restitution on the survivor's Federal 
        student loan debt due to the use of forced arbitration, gag 
        orders, or bans on class actions.

SEC. 706. EDUCATION AND INFORMATION PROGRAMS FOR SURVIVORS.

    (a) Public Education Campaign.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Labor, in conjunction 
        with the Secretary of Health and Human Services (through the 
        Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and 
        the grant recipient under section 41501 of the Violence Against 
        Women Act of 1994 that establishes the national resource center 
        on workplace responses to assist victims of domestic and sexual 
        violence) and the Attorney General (through the Principal 
        Deputy Director of the Office on Violence Against Women), shall 
        coordinate and provide for a national public outreach and 
        education campaign to raise public awareness of the workplace 
        impact of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, 
        and stalking, including outreach and education for employers, 
        service providers, teachers, and other key partners. This 
        campaign shall pay special attention to ensure that survivors 
        are made aware of the existence of the following types of 
        workplace laws (federal and/or State): anti-discrimination laws 
        that bar treating survivors differently; leave laws, both paid 
        and unpaid that are available for use by survivors; 
        unemployment insurance laws and policies that address survivor 
        eligibility.
            (2) Dissemination.--The Secretary of Labor, in conjunction 
        with the Secretary of Health and Human Services and the 
        Attorney General, as described in paragraph (1), may 
        disseminate information through the public outreach and 
        education campaign on the resources and rights referred to in 
        this subsection directly or through arrangements with health 
        agencies, professional and nonprofit organizations, consumer 
        groups, labor organizations, institutions of higher education, 
        clinics, the media, and Federal, State, and local agencies.
            (3) Information.--The information disseminated under 
        paragraph (2) shall include, at a minimum, a description of--
                    (A) the resources and rights that are--
                            (i) available to survivors of domestic 
                        violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
                        stalking; and
                            (ii) established in this Act and the 
                        Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 
                        12291 et seq.);
                    (B) guidelines and best practices on prevention of 
                domestic violence, dating violence, stalking, and 
                sexual assault;
                    (C) resources that promote healthy relationships 
                and communication skills;
                    (D) resources that encourage bystander intervention 
                in a situation involving domestic violence, dating 
                violence, stalking, or sexual assault;
                    (E) resources that promote workplace policies that 
                support and help maintain the economic security of 
                survivors of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
                assault, or stalking, including guidelines and best 
                practices to promote the creation of effective employee 
                assistance programs; and
                    (F) resources and rights that the heads of Federal 
                agencies described in paragraph (2) determine are 
                appropriate to include.
            (4) Common languages.--The Secretary of Labor shall ensure 
        that the information disseminated to survivors under paragraph 
        (2) is made available in commonly encountered languages.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Employee.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``employee'' means any 
                individual employed by an employer. In the case of an 
                individual employed by a public agency, such term means 
                an individual employed as described in section 3(e)(2) 
                of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 
                203(e)(2)).
                    (B) Basis.--The term includes a person employed as 
                described in subparagraph (A) on a full- or part-time 
                basis, for a fixed time period, on a temporary basis, 
                pursuant to a detail, or as a participant in a work 
                assignment as a condition of receipt of Federal or 
                State income-based public assistance.
            (2) Employer.--The term ``employer''--
                    (A) means any person engaged in commerce or in any 
                industry or activity affecting commerce who employs 15 
                or more individuals; and
                    (B) includes any person acting directly or 
                indirectly in the interest of an employer in relation 
                to an employee, and includes a public agency that 
                employs individuals as described in section 3(e)(2) of 
                the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, but does not 
                include any labor organization (other than when acting 
                as an employer) or anyone acting in the capacity of 
                officer or agent of such labor organization.
            (3) FLSA terms.--The terms ``employ'' and ``State'' have 
        the meanings given the terms in section 3 of the Fair Labor 
        Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 203).
    (c) Study on Workplace Responses.--The Secretary of Labor, in 
conjunction with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall 
conduct a study on the status of workplace responses to employees who 
experience domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
stalking while employed, in each State and nationally, to improve the 
access of survivors of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual 
assault, or stalking to supportive resources and economic security.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section, such sums as may be necessary 
for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024.

SEC. 707. SEVERABILITY.

    If any provision of this Act, any amendment made by this Act, or 
the application of such provision or amendment to any person or 
circumstance is held to be unconstitutional, the remainder of the 
provisions of this Act, the amendments made by this Act, and the 
application of such provisions or amendments to any person or 
circumstance shall not be affected.

               TITLE VIII--HOMICIDE REDUCTION INITIATIVES

SEC. 801. PROHIBITING PERSONS CONVICTED OF MISDEMEANOR CRIMES AGAINST 
              DATING PARTNERS AND PERSONS SUBJECT TO PROTECTION ORDERS.

    Section 921(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (32), by striking all that follows after 
        ``The term `intimate partner''' and inserting the following: 
        ``--
                    ``(A) means, with respect to a person, the spouse 
                of the person, a former spouse of the person, an 
                individual who is a parent of a child of the person, 
                and an individual who cohabitates or has cohabited with 
                the person; and
                    ``(B) includes--
                            ``(i) a dating partner or former dating 
                        partner (as defined in section 2266); and
                            ``(ii) any other person similarly situated 
                        to a spouse who is protected by the domestic or 
                        family violence laws of the State or tribal 
                        jurisdiction in which the injury occurred or 
                        where the victim resides.'';
            (2) in paragraph (33)(A)--
                    (A) in clause (i), by inserting after ``Federal, 
                State,'' the following: ``municipal,''; and
                    (B) in clause (ii), by inserting ``intimate 
                partner,'' after ``spouse,'' each place it appears;
            (3) by redesignating paragraphs (34) and (35) as paragraphs 
        (35) and (36) respectively; and
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (33) the following:
    ``(34)(A) The term `misdemeanor crime of stalking' means an offense 
that--
            ``(i) is a misdemeanor crime of stalking under Federal, 
        State, Tribal, or municipal law; and
            ``(ii) is a course of harassment, intimidation, or 
        surveillance of another person that--
                    ``(I) places that person in reasonable fear of 
                material harm to the health or safety of--
                            ``(aa) that person;
                            ``(bb) an immediate family member (as 
                        defined in section 115) of that person;
                            ``(cc) a household member of that person; 
                        or
                            ``(dd) a spouse or intimate partner of that 
                        person; or
                    ``(II) causes, attempts to cause, or would 
                reasonably be expected to cause emotional distress to a 
                person described in item (aa), (bb), (cc), or (dd) of 
                subclause (I).
    ``(B) A person shall not be considered to have been convicted of 
such an offense for purposes of this chapter, unless--
            ``(i) the person was represented by counsel in the case, or 
        knowingly and intelligently waived the right to counsel in the 
        case; and
            ``(ii) in the case of a prosecution for an offense 
        described in this paragraph for which a person was entitled to 
        a jury trial in the jurisdiction in which the case was tried, 
        either--
                    ``(I) the case was tried by a jury; or
                    ``(II) the person knowingly and intelligently 
                waived the right to have the case tried by a jury, by 
                guilty plea or otherwise.
    ``(C) A person shall not be considered to have been convicted of 
such an offense for purposes of this chapter if the conviction has been 
expunged or set aside, or is an offense for which the person has been 
pardoned or has had civil rights restored (if the law of the applicable 
jurisdiction provides for the loss of civil rights under such an 
offense) unless the pardon, expungement, or restoration of civil rights 
expressly provides that the person may not ship, transport, possess, or 
receive firearms.''.

SEC. 802. PROHIBITING STALKERS AND INDIVIDUALS SUBJECT TO COURT ORDER 
              FROM POSSESSING A FIREARM.

    Section 922 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (8), by striking ``that restrains 
                such person'' and all that follows, and inserting 
                ``described in subsection (g)(8);'';
                    (B) in paragraph (9), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; or''; and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following:
            ``(10) who has been convicted in any court of a misdemeanor 
        crime of stalking.''; and
            (2) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) by amending paragraph (8) to read as follows:
            ``(8) who is subject to a court order--
                    ``(A) that was issued--
                            ``(i) after a hearing of which such person 
                        received actual notice, and at which such 
                        person had an opportunity to participate; or
                            ``(ii) in the case of an ex parte order, 
                        relative to which notice and opportunity to be 
                        heard are provided--
                                    ``(I) within the time required by 
                                State, tribal, or territorial law; and
                                    ``(II) in any event within a 
                                reasonable time after the order is 
                                issued, sufficient to protect the due 
                                process rights of the person;
                    ``(B) that restrains such person from--
                            ``(i) harassing, stalking, or threatening 
                        an intimate partner of such person or child of 
                        such intimate partner or person, or engaging in 
                        other conduct that would place an intimate 
                        partner in reasonable fear of bodily injury to 
                        the partner or child; or
                            ``(ii) intimidating or dissuading a witness 
                        from testifying in court; and
                    ``(C) that--
                            ``(i) includes a finding that such person 
                        represents a credible threat to the physical 
                        safety of such individual described in 
                        subparagraph (B); or
                            ``(ii) by its terms explicitly prohibits 
                        the use, attempted use, or threatened use of 
                        physical force against such individual 
                        described in subparagraph (B) that would 
                        reasonably be expected to cause bodily 
                        injury;'';
                    (B) in paragraph (9), by striking the comma at the 
                end and inserting ``; or''; and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following:
            ``(10) who has been convicted in any court of a misdemeanor 
        crime of stalking,''.

                   TITLE IX--SAFETY FOR INDIAN WOMEN

SEC. 901. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) American Indians and Alaska Natives are 2.5 times as 
        likely to experience violent crimes--and at least 2 times more 
        likely to experience rape or sexual assault crimes--compared to 
        all other races.
            (2) More than 4 in 5 American Indian and Alaska Native 
        women, or 84.3 percent, have experienced violence in their 
        lifetime.
            (3) The vast majority of Native victims--96 percent of 
        women and 89 percent of male victims--report being victimized 
        by a non-Indian.
            (4) Native victims of sexual violence are three times as 
        likely to have experienced sexual violence by an interracial 
        perpetrator as non-Hispanic White victims and Native stalking 
        victims are nearly 4 times as likely to be stalked by someone 
        of a different race.
            (5) While tribes exercising jurisdiction over non-Indians 
        have reported significant successes, the inability to prosecute 
        crimes related to the Special Domestic Violence Criminal 
        Jurisdiction crimes continues to leave Tribes unable to fully 
        hold domestic violence offenders accountable.
            (6) Tribal prosecutors report that the majority of domestic 
        violence cases involve children either as witnesses or victims, 
        and Department of Justice reports that American Indian and 
        Alaska Native children suffer exposure to violence at rates 
        higher than any other race in the United States.
            (7) Childhood exposure to violence has immediate and long-
        term effects, including: increased rates of altered 
        neurological development, poor physical and mental health, poor 
        school performance, substance abuse, and overrepresentation in 
        the juvenile justice system.
            (8) According to the Centers for Disease Control and 
        Prevention, homicide is the third leading cause of death among 
        American Indian and Alaska Native women between 10 and 24 years 
        of age and the fifth leading cause of death for American Indian 
        and Alaska Native women between 25 and 34 years of age.
            (9) On some reservations, Indian women are murdered at more 
        than 10 times the national average.
            (10) According to a 2010 Government Accountability Office 
        report, United States Attorneys declined to prosecute nearly 52 
        percent of violent crimes that occur in Indian country.
            (11) Investigation into cases of missing and murdered 
        Indian women is made difficult for tribal law enforcement 
        agencies due to a lack of resources, such as--
                    (A) necessary training, equipment, or funding;
                    (B) a lack of interagency cooperation; and
                    (C) a lack of appropriate laws in place.
            (12) Domestic violence calls are among the most dangerous 
        calls that law enforcement receives.
            (13) The complicated jurisdictional scheme that exists in 
        Indian country--
                    (A) has a significant negative impact on the 
                ability to provide public safety to Indian communities;
                    (B) has been increasingly exploited by criminals; 
                and
                    (C) requires a high degree of commitment and 
                cooperation among tribal, Federal, and State law 
                enforcement officials.
            (14) Restoring and enhancing local, tribal capacity to 
        address violence against women provides for greater local 
        control, safety, accountability, and transparency.
            (15) In States with restrictive land settlement acts such 
        as Alaska, ``Indian country'' is limited, resources for local 
        tribal responses either nonexistent or insufficient to meet the 
        needs, jurisdiction unnecessarily complicated and increases the 
        already high levels of victimization of American Indian and 
        Alaska Native women. According to the Tribal Law and Order Act 
        Commission Report, Alaska Native women are over-represented in 
        the domestic violence victim population by 250 percent; they 
        comprise 19 percent of the State population, but are 47 percent 
        of reported rape victims. And among other Indian Tribes, Alaska 
        Native women suffer the highest rates of domestic and sexual 
        violence in the country.
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of this title are--
            (1) to clarify the responsibilities of Federal, State, 
        tribal, and local governments with respect to responding to 
        cases of domestic violence, dating violence, stalking, 
        trafficking, sexual violence, crimes against children, and 
        assault against tribal law enforcement officers and murdered 
        Indians;
            (2) to increase coordination and communication among 
        Federal, State, tribal, and local law enforcement agencies;
            (3) to empower tribal governments with the resources and 
        information necessary to effectively respond to cases of 
        domestic violence, dating violence, stalking, sex trafficking, 
        sexual violence, and missing and murdered Indians; and
            (4) to increase the collection of data related to missing 
        and murdered Indians and the sharing of information among 
        Federal, State, and tribal officials responsible for responding 
        to and investigating cases of missing and murdered Indians.

SEC. 902. AUTHORIZING FUNDING FOR THE TRIBAL ACCESS PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 534 of title 28, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024, to 
remain available until expended, for the purposes of enhancing the 
ability of tribal government entities to access, enter information 
into, and obtain information from, Federal criminal information 
databases, as authorized by this section.''.
    (b) Indian Tribe and Indian Law Enforcement Information Sharing.--
Section 534 of title 28, United States Code, is further amended by 
amending subsection (d) to read as follows:
    ``(d) Indian Tribe and Indian Law Enforcement Information 
Sharing.--The Attorney General shall permit tribal law enforcement 
entities (including entities designated by a tribe as maintaining 
public safety within a tribe's territorial jurisdiction that has no 
federal or state arrest authority) and Bureau of Indian Affairs law 
enforcement agencies--
            ``(1) to access and enter information into Federal criminal 
        information databases; and
            ``(2) to obtain information from the databases.''.

SEC. 903. TRIBAL JURISDICTION OVER CRIMES OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING 
              VIOLENCE, OBSTRUCTION OF JUSTICE, SEXUAL VIOLENCE, SEX 
              TRAFFICKING, STALKING, AND ASSAULT OF A LAW ENFORCEMENT 
              OFFICER OR CORRECTIONS OFFICER.

    Section 204 of Public Law 90-284 (25 U.S.C. 1304) (commonly known 
as the ``Indian Civil Rights Act of 1968'') is amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``crimes of domestic 
        violence'' and inserting ``crimes of domestic violence, dating 
        violence, obstruction of justice, sexual violence, sex 
        trafficking, stalking, and assault of a law enforcement or 
        corrections officer'';
            (2) in subsection (a)(6), in the heading, by striking 
        ``Special domestic violence criminal jurisdiction'' and 
        inserting ``Special tribal criminal jurisdiction'';
            (3) by striking ``special domestic violence criminal 
        jurisdiction'' each place such term appears and inserting 
        ``special tribal criminal jurisdiction'';
            (4) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(12) Stalking.--The term `stalking' means engaging in a 
        course of conduct directed at a specific person proscribed by 
        the criminal law of the Indian tribe that has jurisdiction over 
        the Indian country where the violation occurs that would cause 
        a reasonable person to--
                    ``(A) fear for the person's safety or the safety of 
                others; or
                    ``(B) suffer substantial emotional distress.'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (6) and (7) as 
                paragraphs (10) and (11);
                    (C) by inserting before paragraph (10) (as 
                redesignated) the following:
            ``(8) Sex trafficking.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `sex trafficking' means 
                conduct--
                            ``(i) consisting of--
                                    ``(I) recruiting, enticing, 
                                harboring, transporting, providing, 
                                obtaining, advertising, maintaining, 
                                patronizing, or soliciting by any means 
                                a person; or
                                    ``(II) benefitting, financially or 
                                by receiving anything of value, from 
                                participation in a venture that has 
                                engaged in an act described in 
                                subclause (I); and
                            ``(ii) carried out with the knowledge, or, 
                        except where the act constituting the violation 
                        of clause (i) is advertising, in reckless 
                        disregard of the fact, that--
                                    ``(I) means of force, threats of 
                                force, fraud, coercion, or any 
                                combination of such means will be used 
                                to cause the person to engage in a 
                                commercial sex act; or
                                    ``(II) the person has not attained 
                                the age of 18 years and will be caused 
                                to engage in a commercial sex act.
                    ``(B) Definitions.--In this paragraph, the terms 
                `coercion' and `commercial sex act' have the meanings 
                given the terms in section 1591(e) of title 18, United 
                States Code.
            ``(9) Sexual violence.--The term `sexual violence' means 
        any nonconsensual sexual act or contact proscribed by the 
        criminal law of the Indian tribe that has jurisdiction over the 
        Indian country where the violation occurs, including in any 
        case in which the victim lacks the capacity to consent to the 
        act.'';
                    (D) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as 
                paragraphs (6) and (7);
                    (E) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (3) as 
                paragraphs (2) through (4);
                    (F) in paragraph (3) (as redesignated), to read as 
                follows:
            ``(3) Domestic violence.--The term `domestic violence' 
        means violence--
                    ``(A) committed by a current or former spouse or 
                intimate partner of the victim, by a person with whom 
                the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is 
                cohabitating with or has cohabitated with the victim as 
                a spouse or intimate partner, or by a person similarly 
                situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic- 
                or family- violence laws of an Indian tribe that has 
                jurisdiction over the Indian country where the violence 
                occurs; or
                    ``(B)(i) committed against a victim who is a child 
                under the age of 18, or an elder (as such term is 
                defined by tribal law), including when an offender 
                recklessly engages in conduct that creates a 
                substantial risk of death or serious bodily injury to 
                the victim, or committed as described in subparagraph 
                (A) while the child or elder is present; and
                    ``(ii) the child or elder--
                            ``(I) resides or has resided in the same 
                        household as the offender;
                            ``(II) is related to the offender by blood 
                        or marriage;
                            ``(III) is related to another victim of the 
                        offender by blood or marriage;
                            ``(IV) is under the care of a victim of the 
                        offender who is an intimate partner or former 
                        spouse; or
                            ``(V) is under the care of a victim of the 
                        offender who is similarly situated to a spouse 
                        of the victim under the domestic- or family- 
                        violence laws of an Indian tribe that has 
                        jurisdiction over the Indian country where the 
                        violence occurs.'';
                    (G) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as 
                redesignated), the following:
            ``(1) Assault of a law enforcement or correctional 
        officer.--The term `assault of a law enforcement or 
        correctional officer' means any criminal violation of the law 
        of the Indian tribe that has jurisdiction over the Indian 
        country where the violation occurs that involves the 
        threatened, attempted, or actual harmful or offensive touching 
        of a law enforcement or correctional officer.''; and
                    (H) by inserting after paragraph (4) (as 
                redesignated), the following:
            ``(5) Obstruction of justice.--The term `obstruction of 
        justice' means any violation of the criminal law of the Indian 
        tribe that has jurisdiction over the Indian country where the 
        violation occurs, and the violation involves interfering with 
        the administration or due process of the tribe's laws including 
        any tribal criminal proceeding or investigation of a crime.'';
            (5) in subsection (b)(1), by inserting after ``the powers 
        of self-government of a participating tribe'' the following: 
        ``, including any participating tribes in the State of 
        Maine,'';
            (6) in subsection (b)(4)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)(i), by inserting after 
                ``over an alleged offense'' the following: ``, other 
                than obstruction of justice or an act of assault of a 
                law enforcement or corrections officer,''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) in clause (ii), by striking ``or'' at 
                        the end;
                            (ii) in clause (iii)(II), by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting the following: 
                        ``; or''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(iv) is being prosecuted for a crime of 
                        sexual violence, stalking, sex trafficking, 
                        obstructing justice, or assaulting a police or 
                        corrections officer under the laws of the 
                        prosecuting tribe.'';
            (7) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``domestic violence'' and inserting 
                ``tribal''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in the paragraph heading, by striking 
                        ``and dating violence'' and inserting ``, 
                        dating violence, obstruction of justice, sexual 
                        violence, stalking, sex trafficking, or assault 
                        of a law enforcement or corrections officer''; 
                        and
                            (ii) by striking ``or dating violence'' and 
                        inserting ``, dating violence, obstruction of 
                        justice, sexual violence, stalking, sex 
                        trafficking, or assault of a law enforcement or 
                        corrections officer'';
            (8) in subsection (d), by striking ``domestic violence'' 
        each place it appears and inserting ``tribal'';
            (9) by striking subsections (f), (g), and (h) and inserting 
        the following:
    ``(f) Grants and Reimbursement to Tribal Governments.--
            ``(1) Reimbursement.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Attorney General is 
                authorized to reimburse tribal government authorities 
                for expenses incurred in exercising special tribal 
                criminal jurisdiction.
                    ``(B) Eligible expenses.--Eligible expenses for 
                reimbursement shall include--
                            ``(i) expenses incurred to arrest or 
                        prosecute offenders and to detain inmates 
                        (including costs associated with providing 
                        health care);
                            ``(ii) expenses related to indigent defense 
                        services; and
                            ``(iii) costs associated with probation and 
                        rehabilitation services.
                    ``(C) Procedure.--Reimbursements authorized 
                pursuant to this section shall be in accordance with 
                rules promulgated by the Attorney General after 
                consultation with Indian tribes and within 1 year after 
                the date of enactment of this Act. The rules 
                promulgated by the Department shall set a maximum 
                allowable reimbursement to any tribal government in a 
                1-year period.
            ``(2) Grants.--The Attorney General may award grants to the 
        governments of Indian tribes (or to authorized designees of 
        those governments)--
                    ``(A) to strengthen tribal criminal justice systems 
                to assist Indian tribes in exercising special tribal 
                criminal jurisdiction, including--
                            ``(i) law enforcement (including the 
                        capacity of law enforcement, court personnel, 
                        or other non-law enforcement entities that have 
                        no Federal or State arrest authority agencies 
                        but have been designated by a tribe as 
                        responsible for maintaining public safety 
                        within its territorial jurisdiction, to enter 
                        information into and obtain information from 
                        national crime information databases);
                            ``(ii) prosecution;
                            ``(iii) trial and appellate courts 
                        (including facilities construction);
                            ``(iv) probation systems;
                            ``(v) detention and correctional facilities 
                        (including facilities construction);
                            ``(vi) alternative rehabilitation centers;
                            ``(vii) culturally appropriate services and 
                        assistance for victims and their families; and
                            ``(viii) criminal codes and rules of 
                        criminal procedure, appellate procedure, and 
                        evidence;
                    ``(B) to provide indigent criminal defendants with 
                the effective assistance of licensed defense counsel, 
                at no cost to the defendant, in criminal proceedings in 
                which a participating tribe prosecutes--
                            ``(i) a crime of domestic violence;
                            ``(ii) a crime of dating violence;
                            ``(iii) a criminal violation of a 
                        protection order;
                            ``(iv) a crime of sexual violence;
                            ``(v) a crime of stalking;
                            ``(vi) a crime of sex trafficking;
                            ``(vii) a crime of obstruction of justice; 
                        or
                            ``(viii) a crime of assault of a law 
                        enforcement or correctional officer;
                    ``(C) to ensure that, in criminal proceedings in 
                which a participating tribe exercises special tribal 
                criminal jurisdiction, jurors are summoned, selected, 
                and instructed in a manner consistent with all 
                applicable requirements;
                    ``(D) to accord victims of domestic violence, 
                dating violence, sexual violence, stalking, sex 
                trafficking, obstruction of justice, assault of a law 
                enforcement or correctional officer, and violations of 
                protection orders rights that are similar to the rights 
                of a crime victim described in section 3771(a) of title 
                18, consistent with tribal law and custom; and
                    ``(E) to create a pilot project to allow up to five 
                Indian tribes in Alaska to implement special tribal 
                criminal jurisdiction.
    ``(g) Supplement, Not Supplant.--Amounts made available under this 
section shall supplement and not supplant any other Federal, State, 
tribal, or local government amounts made available to carry out 
activities described in this section.
    ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated $7,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024 to 
carry out subsection (f) and to provide training, technical assistance, 
data collection, and evaluation of the criminal justice systems of 
participating tribes.
    ``(i) Use of Funds.--Not less than 25 percent of the total amount 
of funds appropriated under this section in a given year shall be used 
for each of the purposes described in paragraphs (1) and (2) of 
subsection (f), with remaining funds available to be distributed for 
either of the purposes described in paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection 
(f), or any combination of such purposes, depending on need and in 
consultation with Indian tribes.'';
            (10) by inserting after subsection (i) the following:
    ``(j) Indian Country Defined.--For purposes of the pilot project 
described in subsection (f)(5), the definition of `Indian country' 
shall include--
            ``(1) Alaska Native-owned Townsites, Allotments, and former 
        reservation lands acquired in fee by Alaska Native Village 
        Corporations pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement 
        Act (43 U.S.C. 33) and other lands transferred in fee to Native 
        villages; and
            ``(2) all lands within any Alaska Native village with a 
        population that is at least 75 percent Alaska Native.''.

SEC. 904. ANNUAL REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

    Beginning in the first fiscal year after the date of enactment of 
this title, and annually thereafter, the Attorney General and the 
Secretary of the Interior shall jointly prepare and submit a report, to 
the Committee on Indian Affairs and the Committee on the Judiciary of 
the Senate and the Committee on Natural Resources and the Committee on 
the Judiciary of the House of Representatives, that--
            (1) includes known statistics on missing and murdered 
        Indian women in the United States, including statistics 
        relating to incidents of sexual abuse or sexual assault 
        suffered by the victims; and
            (2) provides recommendations regarding how to improve data 
        collection on missing and murdered Indian women.

SEC. 905. REPORT ON THE RESPONSE OF LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES TO REPORTS 
              OF MISSING OR MURDERED INDIANS.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Covered database.--The term ``covered database'' 
        means--
                    (A) the database of the National Crime Information 
                Center;
                    (B) the Combined DNA Index System;
                    (C) the Next Generation Identification System; and
                    (D) any other database or system of a law 
                enforcement agency under which a report of a missing or 
                murdered Indian may be submitted, including--
                            (i) the Violent Criminal Apprehension 
                        Program; or
                            (ii) the National Missing and Unidentified 
                        Persons System.
            (2) Indian.--The term ``Indian'' has the meaning given the 
        term in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and 
        Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304).
            (3) Indian country.--The term ``Indian country'' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 1151 of title 18, United 
        States Code.
            (4) Law enforcement agency.--The term ``law enforcement 
        agency'' means a Federal, State, local, or Tribal law 
        enforcement agency.
            (5) Missing or murdered indian.--The term ``missing or 
        murdered Indian'' means any Indian who is--
                    (A) reported missing in Indian country or any other 
                location; or
                    (B) murdered in Indian country or any other 
                location.
            (6) Notification system.--The term ``notification system'' 
        means--
                    (A) the Criminal Justice Information Network;
                    (B) the AMBER Alert communications network 
                established under subtitle A of title III of the 
                PROTECT Act (34 U.S.C. 20501 et seq.); and
                    (C) any other system or public notification system 
                that relates to a report of a missing or murdered 
                Indian, including any State, local, or Tribal 
                notification system.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this section, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit 
to the Committee on Indian Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on 
Natural Resources of the House of Representatives a comprehensive 
report that includes--
            (1) a review of--
                    (A) each law enforcement agency that has 
                jurisdiction over missing or murdered Indians and the 
                basis for that jurisdiction;
                    (B) the response procedures, with respect to a 
                report of a missing or murdered Indian, of--
                            (i) the Federal Bureau of Investigation;
                            (ii) the Bureau of Indian Affairs; and
                            (iii) any other Federal law enforcement 
                        agency responsible for responding to or 
                        investigating a report of a missing or murdered 
                        Indian;
                    (C) each covered database and notification system;
                    (D) Federal interagency cooperation and 
                notification policies and procedures related to missing 
                or murdered Indians;
                    (E) the requirements of each Federal law 
                enforcement agency relating to notifying State, local, 
                or Tribal law enforcement agencies after the Federal 
                law enforcement agency receives a report of a missing 
                or murdered Indian; and
                    (F) the public notification requirements of law 
                enforcement agencies relating to missing or murdered 
                Indians;
            (2) recommendations and best practices relating to 
        improving cooperation between and response policies of law 
        enforcement agencies relating to missing and murdered Indians; 
        and
            (3) recommendations relating to--
                    (A) improving how--
                            (i) covered databases address instances of 
                        missing or murdered Indians, including by 
                        improving access to, integrating, and improving 
                        the sharing of information between covered 
                        databases; and
                            (ii) notification systems address instances 
                        of missing or murdered Indians, including by 
                        improving access to, integrating, and improving 
                        the sharing of information between notification 
                        systems;
                    (B) social, educational, economic, and any other 
                factor that may contribute to an Indian becoming a 
                missing or murdered Indian; and
                    (C) legislation to reduce the likelihood that an 
                Indian may become a missing or murdered Indian.

               TITLE X--OFFICE ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

SEC. 1001. ESTABLISHMENT OF OFFICE ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN.

    (a) Establishment of Office on Violence Against Women.--Section 
2002 of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 
1968 (34 U.S.C. 10442) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``a Violence Against 
        Women Office'' and inserting ``an Office on Violence Against 
        Women'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by inserting after ``within the 
        Department of Justice'' the following: ``, not subsumed by any 
        other office'';
            (3) in subsection (c)(2), by striking ``Violence Against 
        Women Act of 1994 (title VI of Public Law 103-322) and the 
        Violence Against Women Act of 2000 (division B of Public Law 
        106-386)'' and inserting ``Violence Against Women Act of 1994 
        (title VII of Public Law 103-322), the Violence Against Women 
        Act of 2000 (division B of Public Law 106-386), the Violence 
        Against Women and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 
        2005 (title IX of Public Law 109-162; 119 Stat. 3080), the 
        Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 (Public Law 
        113-4; 127 Stat. 54), and the Violence Against Women 
        Reauthorization Act of 2019''.
    (b) Director of the Office on Violence Against Women.--Section 2003 
of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 
10443) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 2003. DIRECTOR OF THE OFFICE ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN.

    ``(a) Appointment.--The President, by and with the advice and 
consent of the Senate, shall appoint a Director for the Office on 
Violence Against Women (in this title referred to as the `Director') to 
be responsible, under the general authority of the Attorney General, 
for the administration, coordination, and implementation of the 
programs and activities of the Office.
    ``(b) Other Employment.--The Director shall not--
            ``(1) engage in any employment other than that of serving 
        as Director; or
            ``(2) hold any office in, or act in any capacity for, any 
        organization, agency, or institution with which the Office 
        makes any contract or other agreement under the Violence 
        Against Women Act of 1994 (title IV of Public Law 103-322), the 
        Violence Against Women Act of 2000 (division B of Public Law 
        106-386), the Violence Against Women and Department of Justice 
        Reauthorization Act of 2005 (title IX of Public Law 109-162; 
        119 Stat. 3080), the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act 
        of 2013 (Public Law 113-4; 127 Stat. 54), or the Violence 
        Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2019.
    ``(c) Vacancy.--In the case of a vacancy, the President may 
designate an officer or employee who shall act as Director during the 
vacancy.
    ``(d) Compensation.--The Director shall be compensated at a rate of 
pay not to exceed the rate payable for level V of the Executive 
Schedule under section 5316 of title 5, United States Code.''.
    (c) Duties and Functions of Director of the Office on Violence 
Against Women.--Section 2004 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe 
Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10444) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 2004. DUTIES AND FUNCTIONS OF DIRECTOR OF THE OFFICE ON VIOLENCE 
              AGAINST WOMEN.

    ``The Director shall have the following duties:
            ``(1) Maintaining liaison with the judicial branches of the 
        Federal and State Governments on matters relating to violence 
        against women.
            ``(2) Providing information to the President, the Congress, 
        the judiciary, State, local, and tribal governments, and the 
        general public on matters relating to violence against women.
            ``(3) Serving, at the request of the Attorney General, as 
        the representative of the Department of Justice on domestic 
        task forces, committees, or commissions addressing policy or 
        issues relating to violence against women.
            ``(4) Serving, at the request of the President, acting 
        through the Attorney General, as the representative of the 
        United States Government on human rights and economic justice 
        matters related to violence against women in international 
        fora, including, but not limited to, the United Nations.
            ``(5) Carrying out the functions of the Department of 
        Justice under the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (title IV 
        of Public Law 103-322), the Violence Against Women Act of 2000 
        (division B of Public Law 106-386), the Violence Against Women 
        and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005 (title IX 
        of Public Law 109-162; 119 Stat. 3080), the Violence Against 
        Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 (Public Law 113-4; 127 Stat. 
        54), and the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 
        2019, including with respect to those functions--
                    ``(A) the development of policy, protocols, and 
                guidelines;
                    ``(B) the development and management of grant 
                programs and other programs, and the provision of 
                technical assistance under such programs; and
                    ``(C) the awarding and termination of grants, 
                cooperative agreements, and contracts.
            ``(6) Providing technical assistance, coordination, and 
        support to--
                    ``(A) other components of the Department of 
                Justice, in efforts to develop policy and to enforce 
                Federal laws relating to violence against women, 
                including the litigation of civil and criminal actions 
                relating to enforcing such laws;
                    ``(B) other Federal, State, local, and tribal 
                agencies, in efforts to develop policy, provide 
                technical assistance, synchronize federal definitions 
                and protocols, and improve coordination among agencies 
                carrying out efforts to eliminate violence against 
                women, including Indian or indigenous women; and
                    ``(C) grantees, in efforts to combat violence 
                against women and to provide support and assistance to 
                victims of such violence.
            ``(7) Exercising such other powers and functions as may be 
        vested in the Director pursuant to this subchapter or by 
        delegation of the Attorney General.
            ``(8) Establishing such rules, regulations, guidelines, and 
        procedures as are necessary to carry out any function of the 
        Office.''.
    (d) Staff of Office on Violence Against Women.--Section 2005 of the 
Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10445) is 
amended in the heading, by striking ``violence against women office'' 
and inserting ``office on violence against women''.
    (e) Clerical Amendment.--Section 121(a)(1) of the Violence Against 
Women and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005 (34 U.S.C. 
20124(a)(1)) is amended by striking ``the Violence Against Women 
Office'' and inserting ``the Office on Violence Against Women''.

SEC. 1002. REPORT OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL ON THE EFFECTS OF THE 
              SHUTDOWN.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this title, 
the Attorney General shall submit a report to Congress on the effects 
of the Federal Government shutdown that lasted from December 22, 2018 
to January 25, 2019, evaluating and detailing the extent of the effect 
of the shutdown on the ability of the Department of Justice to disperse 
funding and services under the Violence Against Women Act of 1994, the 
Violence Against Women and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 
2005, and the Victims of Crime Act of 1984, to victims of domestic 
violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking.

      TITLE XI--IMPROVING CONDITIONS FOR WOMEN IN FEDERAL CUSTODY

SEC. 1101. IMPROVING THE TREATMENT OF PRIMARY CARETAKER PARENTS AND 
              OTHER INDIVIDUALS IN FEDERAL PRISONS.

    (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Ramona Brant 
Improvement of Conditions for Women in Federal Custody Act''.
    (b) In General.--Chapter 303 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 4051. Treatment of primary caretaker parents and other 
              individuals
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section--
            ``(1) the term `correctional officer' means a correctional 
        officer of the Bureau of Prisons;
            ``(2) the term `covered institution' means a Federal penal 
        or correctional institution;
            ``(3) the term `Director' means the Director of the Bureau 
        of Prisons;
            ``(4) the term `post-partum recovery' means the first 8-
        week period of post-partum recovery after giving birth;
            ``(5) the term `primary caretaker parent' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 31903 of the Family Unity 
        Demonstration Project Act (34 U.S.C. 12242);
            ``(6) the term `prisoner' means an individual who is 
        incarcerated in a Federal penal or correctional institution, 
        including a vulnerable person; and
            ``(7) the term `vulnerable person' means an individual 
        who--
                    ``(A) is under 21 years of age or over 60 years of 
                age;
                    ``(B) is pregnant;
                    ``(C) identifies as lesbian, gay, bisexual, 
                transgender, or intersex;
                    ``(D) is victim or witness of a crime;
                    ``(E) has filed a nonfrivolous civil rights claim 
                in Federal or State court;
                    ``(F) has a serious mental or physical illness or 
                disability; or
                    ``(G) during the period of incarceration, has been 
                determined to have experienced or to be experiencing 
                severe trauma or to be the victim of gender-based 
                violence--
                            ``(i) by any court or administrative 
                        judicial proceeding;
                            ``(ii) by any corrections official;
                            ``(iii) by the individual's attorney or 
                        legal service provider; or
                            ``(iv) by the individual.
    ``(b) Geographic Placement.--
            ``(1) Establishment of office.--The Director shall 
        establish within the Bureau of Prisons an office that 
        determines the placement of prisoners.
            ``(2) Placement of prisoners.--In determining the placement 
        of a prisoner, the office established under paragraph (1) 
        shall--
                    ``(A) if the prisoner has children, place the 
                prisoner as close to the children as possible;
                    ``(B) in deciding whether to assign a transgender 
                or intersex prisoner to a facility for male or female 
                prisoners, and in making other housing and programming 
                assignments, consider on a case-by-case basis whether a 
                placement would ensure the prisoner's health and 
                safety, including serious consideration of the 
                prisoner's own views with respect to their safety, and 
                whether the placement would present management or 
                security problems; and
                    ``(C) consider any other factor that the office 
                determines to be appropriate.
    ``(c) Prohibition on Placement of Pregnant Prisoners or Prisoners 
in Post-Partum Recovery in Segregated Housing Units.--
            ``(1) Placement in segregated housing units.--A covered 
        institution may not place a prisoner who is pregnant or in 
        post-partum recovery in a segregated housing unit unless the 
        prisoner presents an immediate risk of harm to the prisoner or 
        others.
            ``(2) Restrictions.--Any placement of a prisoner described 
        in subparagraph (A) in a segregated housing unit shall be 
        limited and temporary.
    ``(d) Parenting Classes.--The Director shall provide parenting 
classes to each prisoner who is a primary caretaker parent, and such 
classes shall be made available to prisoners with limited English 
proficiency in compliance with title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 
1964.
    ``(e) Trauma Screening.--The Director shall provide training, 
including cultural competency training, to each correctional officer 
and each employee of the Bureau of Prisons who regularly interacts with 
prisoners, including each instructor and health care professional, to 
enable those correctional officers and employees to--
            ``(1) identify a prisoner who has a mental or physical 
        health need relating to trauma the prisoner has experienced; 
        and
            ``(2) refer a prisoner described in paragraph (1) to the 
        proper healthcare professional for treatment.
    ``(f) Inmate Health.--
            ``(1) Health care access.--The Director shall ensure that 
        all prisoners receive adequate health care.
            ``(2) Hygienic products.--The Director shall make essential 
        hygienic products, including shampoo, toothpaste, toothbrushes, 
        and any other hygienic product that the Director determines 
        appropriate, available without charge to prisoners.
            ``(3) Gynecologist access.--The Director shall ensure that 
        all prisoners have access to a gynecologist as appropriate.
    ``(g) Use of Sex-Appropriate Correctional Officers.--
            ``(1) Regulations.--The Director shall make rules under 
        which--
                    ``(A) a correctional officer may not conduct a 
                strip search of a prisoner of the opposite sex unless--
                            ``(i) the prisoner presents a risk of 
                        immediate harm to the prisoner or others, and 
                        no other correctional officer of the same sex 
                        as the prisoner, or medical staff is available 
                        to assist; or
                            ``(ii) the prisoner has previously 
                        requested that an officer of a different sex 
                        conduct searches;
                    ``(B) a correctional officer may not enter a 
                restroom reserved for prisoners of the opposite sex 
                unless--
                            ``(i) a prisoner in the restroom presents a 
                        risk of immediate harm to themselves or others; 
                        or
                            ``(ii) there is a medical emergency in the 
                        restroom and no other correctional officer of 
                        the appropriate sex is available to assist;
                    ``(C) a transgender prisoner's sex is determined 
                according to the sex with which they identify; and
                    ``(D) a correctional officer may not search or 
                physically examine a prisoner for the sole purpose of 
                determining the prisoner's genital status or sex.
            ``(2) Relation to other laws.--Nothing in paragraph (1) 
        shall be construed to affect the requirements under the Prison 
        Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (42 U.S.C. 15601 et seq.).''.
    (c) Substance Abuse Treatment.--Section 3621(e) of title 18, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(7) Eligibility of primary caretaker parents and pregnant 
        women.--The Director of the Bureau of Prisons may not prohibit 
        an eligible prisoner who is a primary caretaker parent (as 
        defined in section 4051) or pregnant from participating in a 
        program of residential substance abuse treatment provided under 
        paragraph (1) on the basis of a failure by the eligible 
        prisoner, before being committed to the custody of the Bureau 
        of Prisons, to disclose to any official of the Bureau of 
        Prisons that the prisoner had a substance abuse problem on or 
        before the date on which the eligible prisoner was committed to 
        the custody of the Bureau of Prisons.''.
    (d) Implementation Date.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Director of the Bureau of Prisons 
        shall implement this section and the amendments made by this 
        section.
            (2) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Director of the Bureau of Prisons 
        shall submit to the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate 
        and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
        Representatives a report on the implementation of this section 
        and the amendments made by this section.
    (e) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The table of sections for 
chapter 303 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following:

``4051. Treatment of primary caretaker parents and other 
                            individuals.''.

SEC. 1102. PUBLIC HEALTH AND SAFETY OF WOMEN.

    (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Stop Infant 
Mortality And Recidivism Reduction Act'' or the ``SIMARRA Act''.
    (b) Establishment.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
enactment of this section, the Director of the Federal Bureau of 
Prisons (in this section referred to as the ``Director'') shall 
establish a pilot program (in this section referred to as the 
``Program'') in accordance with this section to permit women 
incarcerated in Federal prisons and the children born to such women 
during incarceration to reside together while the inmate serves a term 
of imprisonment in a separate housing wing of the prison.
    (c) Purposes.--The purposes of this section are to--
            (1) prevent infant mortality among infants born to 
        incarcerated mothers and greatly reduce the trauma and stress 
        experienced by the unborn fetuses of pregnant inmates;
            (2) reduce the recidivism rates of federally incarcerated 
        women and mothers, and enhance public safety by improving the 
        effectiveness of the Federal prison system for women as a 
        population with special needs;
            (3) establish female offender risk and needs assessment as 
        the cornerstones of a more effective and efficient Federal 
        prison system;
            (4) implement a validated post-sentencing risk and needs 
        assessment system that relies on dynamic risk factors to 
        provide Federal prison officials with a roadmap to address the 
        pre- and post-natal needs of Federal pregnant offenders, manage 
        limited resources, and enhance public safety;
            (5) perform regular outcome evaluations of the 
        effectiveness of programs and interventions for federally 
        incarcerated pregnant women and mothers to assure that such 
        programs and interventions are evidence-based and to suggest 
        changes, deletions, and expansions based on the results of such 
        evaluations; and
            (6) assist the Department of Justice to address the 
        underlying cost structure of the Federal prison system and 
        ensure that the Department can continue to run prison nurseries 
        safely and securely without compromising the scope or quality 
        of the Department's critical health, safety and law enforcement 
        missions.
    (d) Duties of the Director of Bureau of Prisons.--
            (1) In general.--The Director shall carry out this section 
        in consultation with--
                    (A) a licensed and board-certified gynecologist or 
                obstetrician;
                    (B) the Director of the Administrative Office of 
                the United States Courts;
                    (C) the Director of the Office of Probation and 
                Pretrial Services;
                    (D) the Director of the National Institute of 
                Justice; and
                    (E) the Secretary of Health and Human Services.
            (2) Duties.--The Director shall, in accordance with 
        paragraph (3)--
                    (A) develop an offender risk and needs assessment 
                system particular to the health and sensitivities of 
                Federally incarcerated pregnant women and mothers in 
                accordance with this subsection;
                    (B) develop recommendations regarding recidivism 
                reduction programs and productive activities in 
                accordance with subsection (c);
                    (C) conduct ongoing research and data analysis on--
                            (i) the best practices relating to the use 
                        of offender risk and needs assessment tools 
                        particular to the health and sensitivities of 
                        federally incarcerated pregnant women and 
                        mothers;
                            (ii) the best available risk and needs 
                        assessment tools particular to the health and 
                        sensitivities of Federally incarcerated 
                        pregnant women and mothers and the level to 
                        which they rely on dynamic risk factors that 
                        could be addressed and changed over time, and 
                        on measures of risk of recidivism, individual 
                        needs, and responsiveness to recidivism 
                        reduction programs;
                            (iii) the most effective and efficient uses 
                        of such tools in conjunction with recidivism 
                        reduction programs, productive activities, 
                        incentives, and rewards; and
                            (iv) which recidivism reduction programs 
                        are the most effective--
                                    (I) for Federally incarcerated 
                                pregnant women and mothers classified 
                                at different recidivism risk levels; 
                                and
                                    (II) for addressing the specific 
                                needs of Federally incarcerated 
                                pregnant women and mothers;
                    (D) on a biennial basis, review the system 
                developed under subparagraph (A) and the 
                recommendations developed under subparagraph (B), using 
                the research conducted under subparagraph (C), to 
                determine whether any revisions or updates should be 
                made, and if so, make such revisions or updates;
                    (E) hold periodic meetings with the individuals 
                listed in paragraph (1) at intervals to be determined 
                by the Director;
                    (F) develop tools to communicate parenting program 
                availability and eligibility criteria to each employee 
                of the Bureau of Prisons and each pregnant inmate to 
                ensure that each pregnant inmate in the custody of a 
                Bureau of Prisons facility understands the resources 
                available to such inmate; and
                    (G) report to Congress in accordance with 
                subsection (i).
            (3) Methods.--In carrying out the duties under paragraph 
        (2), the Director shall--
                    (A) consult relevant stakeholders; and
                    (B) make decisions using data that is based on the 
                best available statistical and empirical evidence.
    (e) Eligibility.--An inmate may apply to participate in the Program 
if the inmate--
            (1) is pregnant at the beginning of or during the term of 
        imprisonment; and
            (2) is in the custody or control of the Federal Bureau of 
        Prisons.
    (f) Program Terms.--
            (1) Term of participation.--To correspond with the purposes 
        and goals of the Program to promote bonding during the critical 
        stages of child development, an eligible inmate selected for 
        the Program may participate in the Program, subject to 
        subsection (g), until the earliest of--
                    (A) the date that the inmate's term of imprisonment 
                terminates;
                    (B) the date the infant fails to meet any medical 
                criteria established by the Director or the Director's 
                designee along with a collective determination of the 
                persons listed in subsection (d)(1); or
                    (C) 30 months.
            (2) Inmate requirements.--For the duration of an inmate's 
        participation in the Program, the inmate shall agree to--
                    (A) take substantive steps towards acting in the 
                role of a parent or guardian to any child of that 
                inmate;
                    (B) participate in any educational or counseling 
                opportunities established by the Director, including 
                topics such as child development, parenting skills, 
                domestic violence, vocational training, or substance 
                abuse, as appropriate;
                    (C) abide by any court decision regarding the legal 
                or physical custody of the child;
                    (D) transfer to the Federal Bureau of Prisons any 
                child support payments for the infant of the 
                participating inmate from any person or governmental 
                entity; and
                    (E) specify a person who has agreed to take at 
                least temporary custody of the child if the inmate's 
                participation in the Program terminates before the 
                inmate's release.
    (g) Continuity of Care.--The Director shall take appropriate 
actions to prevent detachment or disruption of either an inmate's or 
infant's health and bonding-based well-being due to termination of the 
Program.
    (h) Reporting.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 6 months after the date of 
        the enactment of this section and once each year thereafter for 
        5 years, the Director shall submit a report to the Congress 
        with regards to progress in implementing the Program.
            (2) Final report.--Not later than 6 months after the 
        termination of the Program, the Director shall issue a final 
        report to the Congress that contains a detailed statement of 
        the Director's findings and conclusions, including 
        recommendations for legislation, administrative actions, and 
        regulations the Director considers appropriate.
    (i) Authorization of Appropriations.--To carry out this section, 
there is authorized to be appropriated $10,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2020 through 2024.

SEC. 1103. RESEARCH AND REPORT ON WOMEN IN FEDERAL INCARCERATION.

    Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, 
and thereafter, every other year, the National Institutes of Justice, 
in consultation with the Bureau of Justice Statistics and the Bureau of 
Prisons (including the Women and Special Population Branch) shall 
prepare a report on the status of women in federal incarceration. 
Depending on the topic to be addressed, and the facility, data shall be 
collected from Bureau of Prisons personnel and a sample that is 
representative of the population of incarcerated women. The report 
shall include:
            (1) With regard to federal facilities wherein women are 
        incarcerated--
                    (A) responses by such women to questions from the 
                Adverse Childhood Experience (ACES) questionnaire;
                    (B) demographic data of such women, including 
                sexual orientation and gender identity;
                    (C) responses by such women to questions about the 
                extent of exposure to sexual victimization, sexual 
                violence and domestic violence (both inside and outside 
                of incarceration);
                    (D) the number of such women were pregnant at the 
                time that they entered incarceration;
                    (E) the number of such women who have children age 
                18 or under, and if so, how many; and
                    (F) the crimes for which such women are 
                incarcerated and the length of their sentence.
            (2) With regard to all federal facilities where persons are 
        incarcerated--
                    (A) a list of best practices with respect to 
                women's incarceration and transition, including staff 
                led programs, services and management practices 
                (including making sanitary products readily available 
                and easily accessible, and access to and provision of 
                healthcare);
                    (B) the availability of trauma treatment at each 
                facility (including number of beds, and number of 
                trained staff);
                    (C) rates of serious mental illness broken down by 
                gender and security level and a list of residential 
                programs available by site; and
                    (D) the availability of vocational education and a 
                list of vocational programs provided by each facility.

SEC. 1104. REENTRY PLANNING AND SERVICES FOR INCARCERATED WOMEN.

    The Attorney General, in coordination with the Chief of U.S. 
Probation and Pretrial Services and the Director of the Bureau of 
Prisons (including Women and Special Population Branch), shall 
collaborate on a model of gender responsive transition for incarcerated 
women, including the development of a national standard on prevention 
with respect to domestic and sexual violence. In developing the model, 
the Chief and the Director shall consult with such experts within the 
federal government (including the Office on Violence Against Women of 
the Department of Justice) and in the victim service provider community 
(including sexual and domestic violence and homelessness, job training 
and job placement service providers) as are necessary to the completion 
of a comprehensive plan. Issues addressed should include--
            (1) the development by the Bureau of Prisons of a contract 
        for gender collaborative services; and
            (2) identification by re-entry affairs coordinators and 
        responsive planning for the needs of re-entering women with 
        respect to--
                    (A) housing, including risk of homelessness;
                    (B) previous exposure to and risk for domestic and 
                sexual violence; and
                    (C) the need for parenting classes, assistance 
                securing childcare, or assistance in seeking or 
                securing jobs that afford flexibility (as might be 
                necessary in the re-entry, parenting or other 
                contexts).

       TITLE XII--LAW ENFORCEMENT TOOLS TO ENHANCE PUBLIC SAFETY

SEC. 1201. NOTIFICATION TO LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES OF PROHIBITED 
              PURCHASE OR ATTEMPTED PURCHASE OF A FIREARM.

    (a) In General.--Title I of the NICS Improvement Amendments Act of 
2007 (18 U.S.C. 922 note) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``SEC. 108. NOTIFICATION TO LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES OF PROHIBITED 
              PURCHASE OF A FIREARM.

    ``(a) In General.--In the case of a background check conducted by 
the National Instant Criminal Background Check System pursuant to the 
request of a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, or licensed 
dealer of firearms (as such terms are defined in section 921 of title 
18, United States Code), which background check determines that the 
receipt of a firearm by a person would violate subsection (g)(8), 
(g)(9), or (g)(10) of section 922 of title 18, United States Code, and 
such determination is made after 3 business days have elapsed since the 
licensee contacted the System and a firearm has been transferred to 
that person, the System shall notify the law enforcement agencies 
described in subsection (b).
    ``(b) Law Enforcement Agencies Described.--The law enforcement 
agencies described in this subsection are the law enforcement agencies 
that have jurisdiction over the location from which the licensee 
contacted the system and the law enforcement agencies that have 
jurisdiction over the location of the residence of the person for which 
the background check was conducted, as follows:
            ``(1) The field office of the Federal Bureau of 
        Investigation.
            ``(2) The local law enforcement agency.
            ``(3) The State law enforcement agency.
            ``(4) The Tribal law enforcement agency.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents of the NICS 
Improvement Amendments Act of 2007 (18 10 U.S.C. 922 note) is amended 
by inserting after the item relating to section 107 the following:

``Sec. 108. Notification to law enforcement agencies of prohibited 
                            purchase of a firearm.''.

SEC. 1202. REPORTING OF BACKGROUND CHECK DENIALS TO STATE, LOCAL, AND 
              TRIBAL AUTHORITIES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 44 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 925A the following:
``Sec. 925B. Reporting of background check denials to State, local, and 
              tribal authorities
    ``(a) In General.--If the national instant criminal background 
check system established under section 103 of the Brady Handgun 
Violence Prevention Act (18 U.S.C. 922 note) provides a notice pursuant 
to section 922(t) of this title that the receipt of a firearm by a 
person would violate subsection (g)(8), (g)(9), or (g)(10) of section 
922 of this title or State law, the Attorney General shall, in 
accordance with subsection (b) of this section--
            ``(1) report to the law enforcement authorities of the 
        State where the person sought to acquire the firearm and, if 
        different, the law enforcement authorities of the State of 
        residence of the person--
                    ``(A) that the notice was provided;
                    ``(B) of the specific provision of law that would 
                have been violated;
                    ``(C) of the date and time the notice was provided;
                    ``(D) of the location where the firearm was sought 
                to be acquired; and
                    ``(E) of the identity of the person; and
            ``(2) report the incident to local or tribal law 
        enforcement authorities and, where practicable, State, tribal, 
        or local prosecutors, in the jurisdiction where the firearm was 
        sought and in the jurisdiction where the person resides.
    ``(b) Requirements for Report.--A report is made in accordance with 
this subsection if the report is made within 24 hours after the 
provision of the notice described in subsection (a), except that the 
making of the report may be delayed for so long as is necessary to 
avoid compromising an ongoing investigation.
    ``(c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in subsection (a) shall be 
construed to require a report with respect to a person to be made to 
the same State authorities that originally issued the notice with 
respect to the person.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for such chapter is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 925A the 
following:

``925B. Reporting of background check denials to State, local, and 
                            tribal authorities.''.

SEC. 1203. SPECIAL ASSISTANT U.S. ATTORNEYS AND CROSS-DEPUTIZED 
              ATTORNEYS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 44 of title 18, United States Code, as 
amended by this Act, is further amended by inserting after section 925B 
the following:
``Sec. 925C. Special assistant U.S. attorneys and cross-deputized 
              attorneys
    ``(a) In General.--In order to improve the enforcement of 
paragraphs (8), (9), and (10) of section 922(g), the Attorney General 
may--
            ``(1) appoint, in accordance with section 543 of title 28, 
        qualified State, tribal, territorial and local prosecutors and 
        qualified attorneys working for the United States government to 
        serve as special assistant United States attorneys for the 
        purpose of prosecuting violations of such paragraphs;
            ``(2) deputize State, tribal, territorial and local law 
        enforcement officers for the purpose of enhancing the capacity 
        of the agents of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and 
        Explosives in responding to and investigating violations of 
        such paragraphs; and
            ``(3) establish, in order to receive and expedite requests 
        for assistance from State, tribal, territorial and local law 
        enforcement agencies responding to intimate partner violence 
        cases where such agencies have probable cause to believe that 
        the offenders may be in violation of such paragraphs, points of 
        contact within--
                    ``(A) each Field Division of the Bureau of Alcohol, 
                Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives; and
                    ``(B) each District Office of the United States 
                Attorneys.
    ``(b) Improve Intimate Partner and Public Safety.--The Attorney 
General shall--
            ``(1) identify no less than 75 jurisdictions among States, 
        territories and tribes where there are high rates of firearms 
        violence and threats of firearms violence against intimate 
        partners and other persons protected under paragraphs (8), (9), 
        and (10) of section 922(g) and where local authorities lack the 
        resources to address such violence; and
            ``(2) make such appointments as described in subsection (a) 
        in jurisdictions where enhanced enforcement of such paragraphs 
        is necessary to reduce firearms homicide and injury rates.
    ``(c) Qualified Defined.--For purposes of this section, the term 
`qualified' means, with respect to an attorney, that the attorney is a 
licensed attorney in good standing with any relevant licensing 
authority.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for such chapter is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 925B the 
following:

``925C. Special assistant U.S. attorneys and cross-deputized 
                            attorneys.''.

        TITLE XIII--CLOSING THE LAW ENFORCEMENT CONSENT LOOPHOLE

SEC. 1301. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Closing the Law Enforcement 
Consent Loophole Act of 2019''.

SEC. 1302. PROHIBITION ON ENGAGING IN SEXUAL ACTS WHILE ACTING UNDER 
              COLOR OF LAW.

    (a) In General.--Section 2243 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by adding at the end the 
        following: ``or by any person acting under color of law'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
        (d) and (e), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
    ``(c) Of an Individual by Any Person Acting Under Color of Law.--
            ``(1) In general.--Whoever, acting under color of law, 
        knowingly engages in a sexual act with an individual, including 
        an individual who is under arrest, in detention, or otherwise 
        in the actual custody of any Federal law enforcement officer, 
        shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 15 
        years, or both.
            ``(2) Definition.--In this subsection, the term `sexual 
        act' has the meaning given the term in section 2246.''; and
            (4) in subsection (d), as so redesignated, by adding at the 
        end the following:
    ``(3) In a prosecution under subsection (c), it is not a defense 
that the other individual consented to the sexual act.''.
    (b) Definition.--Section 2246 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (5), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (6), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following:
            ``(7) the term `Federal law enforcement officer' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 115.''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 109A of 
title 18, United States Code, is amended by amending the item related 
to section 2243 to read as follows:

``2243. Sexual abuse of a minor or ward or by any person acting under 
                            color of law.''.

SEC. 1303. INCENTIVES FOR STATES.

    (a) Authority To Make Grants.--The Attorney General is authorized 
to make grants to States that have in effect a law that--
            (1) makes it a criminal offense for any person acting under 
        color of law of the State to engage in a sexual act with an 
        individual, including an individual who is under arrest, in 
        detention, or otherwise in the actual custody of any law 
        enforcement officer; and
            (2) prohibits a person charged with an offense described in 
        paragraph (1) from asserting the consent of the other 
        individual as a defense.
    (b) Reporting Requirement.--A State that receives a grant under 
this section shall submit to the Attorney General, on an annual basis, 
information on--
            (1) the number of reports made to law enforcement agencies 
        in that State regarding persons engaging in a sexual act while 
        acting under color of law during the previous year; and
            (2) the disposition of each case in which sexual misconduct 
        by a person acting under color of law was reported during the 
        previous year.
    (c) Application.--A State seeking a grant under this section shall 
submit an application to the Attorney General at such time, in such 
manner, and containing such information as the Attorney General may 
reasonably require, including information about the law described in 
subsection (a).
    (d) Grant Amount.--The amount of a grant to a State under this 
section shall be in an amount that is not greater than 10 percent of 
the average of the total amount of funding of the 3 most recent awards 
that the State received under the following grant programs:
            (1) Part T of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe 
        Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10441 et seq.) (commonly 
        referred to as the ``STOP Violence Against Women Formula Grant 
        Program'').
            (2) Section 41601 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 
        (34 U.S.C. 12511) (commonly referred to as the ``Sexual Assault 
        Services Program'').
    (e) Grant Term.--
            (1) In general.--The Attorney General shall provide an 
        increase in the amount provided to a State under the grant 
        programs described in subsection (d) for a 2-year period.
            (2) Renewal.--A State that receives a grant under this 
        section may submit an application for a renewal of such grant 
        at such time, in such manner, and containing such information 
        as the Attorney General may reasonably require.
            (3) Limit.--A State may not receive a grant under this 
        section for more than 4 years.
    (f) Uses of Funds.--A State that receives a grant under this 
section shall use--
            (1) 25 percent of such funds for any of the permissible 
        uses of funds under the grant program described in paragraph 
        (1) of subsection (d); and
            (2) 75 percent of such funds for any of the permissible 
        uses of funds under the grant program described in paragraph 
        (2) of subsection (d).
    (g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this chapter $5,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2020 through 2024.
    (h) Definition.--For purposes of this section, the term ``State'' 
means each of the several States and the District of Columbia, Indian 
Tribes, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the 
Virgin Islands, and the Northern Mariana Islands.

SEC. 1304. REPORTS TO CONGRESS.

    (a) Report by Attorney General.--Not later than 1 year after the 
date of enactment of this Act, and each year thereafter, the Attorney 
General shall submit to Congress a report containing--
            (1) the information required to be reported to the Attorney 
        General under section 3(b); and
            (2) information on--
                    (A) the number of reports made, during the previous 
                year, to Federal law enforcement agencies regarding 
                persons engaging in a sexual act while acting under 
                color of law; and
                    (B) the disposition of each case in which sexual 
                misconduct by a person acting under color of law was 
                reported.
    (b) Report by GAO.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, and each year thereafter, the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall submit to Congress a report on any 
violations of section 2243(c) of title 18, United States Code, as 
amended by section 2, committed during the 1-year period covered by the 
report.

SEC. 1305. DEFINITION.

    In this title, the term ``sexual act'' has the meaning given the 
term in section 2246 of title 18, United States Code.

                        TITLE XIV--OTHER MATTERS

SEC. 1401. NATIONAL STALKER AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE REDUCTION.

    Section 40603 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act 
of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12402) is amended by striking ``2014 through 2018'' 
and inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 1402. FEDERAL VICTIM ASSISTANTS REAUTHORIZATION.

    Section 40114 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (Public Law 
103-322) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 40114. AUTHORIZATION FOR FEDERAL VICTIM'S COUNSELORS.

    ``There are authorized to be appropriated for the United States 
Attorneys for the purpose of appointing victim/witness counselors for 
the prosecution of sex crimes and domestic violence crimes where 
applicable (such as the District of Columbia), $1,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2020 through 2024.''.

SEC. 1403. CHILD ABUSE TRAINING PROGRAMS FOR JUDICIAL PERSONNEL AND 
              PRACTITIONERS REAUTHORIZATION.

    Section 224(a) of the Crime Control Act of 1990 (34 U.S.C. 
20334(a)) is amended by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting 
``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 1404. SEX OFFENDER MANAGEMENT.

    Section 40152(c) of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement 
Act of 1994 (34 U.S.C. 12311(c)) is amended by striking ``2014 through 
2018'' and inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 1405. COURT-APPOINTED SPECIAL ADVOCATE PROGRAM.

    Section 219(a) of the Crime Control Act of 1990 (34 U.S.C. 
20324(a)) is amended by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting 
``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 1406. RAPE KIT BACKLOG.

    Section 2 of the DNA Analysis Backlog Elimination Act of 2000 (34 
U.S.C. 40701) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph 
                (3); and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
            ``(2) information on best practices for state and local 
        governments to reduce the backlog of DNA evidence''; and
            (2) in subsection (j), by striking ``2015 through 2019'' 
        and inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 1407. SEXUAL ASSAULT FORENSIC EXAM PROGRAM GRANTS.

    Section 304(d) of the DNA Sexual Assault Justice Act of 2004 (34 
U.S.C. 40723(d)) is amended by striking ``2015 through 2019'' and 
inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 1408. REVIEW ON LINK BETWEEN SUBSTANCE USE AND VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC 
              VIOLENCE DATING VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, OR STALKING.

    Not later than 24 months after the date of enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services shall 
complete a review and submit a report to Congress on whether being a 
victim of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or 
stalking increases the likelihood of having a substance use disorder.

SEC. 1409. INTERAGENCY WORKING GROUP TO STUDY FEDERAL EFFORTS TO 
              COLLECT DATA ON SEXUAL VIOLENCE.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall establish an 
interagency working group (in this section referred to as the ``Working 
Group'') to study Federal efforts to collect data on sexual violence 
and to make recommendations on the harmonization of such efforts.
    (b) Composition.--The Working Group shall be comprised of at least 
one representative from the following agencies, who shall be selected 
by the head of that agency:
            (1) The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
            (2) The Department of Education.
            (3) The Department of Health and Human Services.
            (4) The Department of Justice.
    (c) Duties.--The Working Group shall consider the following:
            (1) What activity constitutes different acts of sexual 
        violence.
            (2) Whether reports that use the same terms for acts of 
        sexual violence are collecting the same data on these acts.
            (3) Whether the context which led to an act of sexual 
        violence should impact how that act is accounted for in 
        reports.
            (4) Whether the data collected is presented in a way that 
        allows the general public to understand what acts of sexual 
        violence are included in each measurement.
            (5) Steps that agencies that compile reports relating to 
        sexual violence can take to avoid double counting incidents of 
        sexual violence.
    (d) Report Required.--Not later than 2 years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Working Group shall publish and submit to 
Congress a report on the following:
            (1) The activities of the Working Group.
            (2) Recommendations to harmonize Federal efforts to collect 
        data on sexual violence.
            (3) Actions Federal agencies can take to implement the 
        recommendations described in paragraph (2).
            (4) Recommendations for congressional action to implement 
        the recommendations described in paragraph (2).
    (e) Termination.--The Working Group shall terminate 30 days after 
the date on which the report is submitted pursuant to subsection (d).
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Harmonize.--The term ``harmonize'' includes efforts to 
        coordinate sexual violence data collection to produce 
        complementary information, as appropriate, without compromising 
        programmatic needs.
            (2) Sexual violence.--The term ``sexual violence'' includes 
        an unwanted sexual act (including both contact and non-contact) 
        about which the Federal Government collects information.

SEC. 1410. NATIONAL DOMESTIC VIOLENCE HOTLINE.

    Not later than 3 months after the date of enactment of this Act, a 
national domestic violence hotline for which a grant is provided under 
section 313 of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act shall 
include the voluntary feature of texting via telephone to ensure all 
methods of communication are available for victims and those seeking 
assistance.

SEC. 1411. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION REGARDING COMPLIANCE WITH IMMIGRATION 
              LAWS.

    Nothing in this Act, or in any amendments made by this Act, shall 
affect the obligation to fully comply with the immigration laws.

                    TITLE XV--CYBERCRIME ENFORCEMENT

SEC. 1501. LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT GRANTS FOR ENFORCEMENT OF CYBERCRIMES.

    (a) In General.--Subject to the availability of appropriations, the 
Attorney General shall award grants under this section to States and 
units of local government for the prevention, enforcement, and 
prosecution of cybercrimes against individuals.
    (b) Application.--
            (1) In general.--To request a grant under this section, the 
        chief executive officer of a State or unit of local government 
        shall submit an application to the Attorney General within 90 
        days after the date on which funds to carry out this section 
        are appropriated for a fiscal year, in such form as the 
        Attorney General may require. Such application shall include 
        the following:
                    (A) A certification that Federal funds made 
                available under this section will not be used to 
                supplant State or local funds, but will be used to 
                increase the amounts of such funds that would, in the 
                absence of Federal funds, be made available for law 
                enforcement activities.
                    (B) An assurance that, not fewer than 30 days 
                before the application (or any amendment to the 
                application) was submitted to the Attorney General, the 
                application (or amendment) was submitted for review to 
                the governing body of the State or unit of local 
                government (or to an organization designated by that 
                governing body).
                    (C) An assurance that, before the application (or 
                any amendment to the application) was submitted to the 
                Attorney General--
                            (i) the application (or amendment) was made 
                        public; and
                            (ii) an opportunity to comment on the 
                        application (or amendment) was provided to 
                        citizens and to neighborhood or community-based 
                        organizations, to the extent applicable law or 
                        established procedure makes such an opportunity 
                        available.
                    (D) An assurance that, for each fiscal year covered 
                by an application, the applicant shall maintain and 
                report such data, records, and information 
                (programmatic and financial) as the Attorney General 
                may reasonably require.
                    (E) A certification, made in a form acceptable to 
                the Attorney General and executed by the chief 
                executive officer of the applicant (or by another 
                officer of the applicant, if qualified under 
                regulations promulgated by the Attorney General), 
                that--
                            (i) the programs to be funded by the grant 
                        meet all the requirements of this section;
                            (ii) all the information contained in the 
                        application is correct;
                            (iii) there has been appropriate 
                        coordination with affected agencies; and
                            (iv) the applicant will comply with all 
                        provisions of this section and all other 
                        applicable Federal laws.
                    (F) A certification that the State or in the case 
                of a unit of local government, the State in which the 
                unit of local government is located, has in effect 
                criminal laws which prohibit cybercrimes against 
                individuals.
                    (G) A certification that any equipment described in 
                subsection (c)(7) purchased using grant funds awarded 
                under this section will be used primarily for 
                investigations and forensic analysis of evidence in 
                matters involving cybercrimes against individuals.
    (c) Use of Funds.--Grants awarded under this section may only be 
used for programs that provide--
            (1) training for State or local law enforcement personnel 
        relating to cybercrimes against individuals, including--
                    (A) training such personnel to identify and protect 
                victims of cybercrimes against individuals;
                    (B) training such personnel to utilize Federal, 
                State, local, and other resources to assist victims of 
                cybercrimes against individuals;
                    (C) training such personnel to identify and 
                investigate cybercrimes against individuals;
                    (D) training such personnel to enforce and utilize 
                the laws that prohibit cybercrimes against individuals;
                    (E) training such personnel to utilize technology 
                to assist in the investigation of cybercrimes against 
                individuals and enforcement of laws that prohibit such 
                crimes; and
                    (F) the payment of overtime incurred as a result of 
                such training;
            (2) training for State or local prosecutors, judges, and 
        judicial personnel, relating to cybercrimes against 
        individuals, including--
                    (A) training such personnel to identify, 
                investigate, prosecute, or adjudicate cybercrimes 
                against individuals;
                    (B) training such personnel to utilize laws that 
                prohibit cybercrimes against individuals;
                    (C) training such personnel to utilize Federal, 
                State, local, and other resources to assist victims of 
                cybercrimes against individuals; and
                    (D) training such personnel to utilize technology 
                to assist in the prosecution or adjudication of acts of 
                cybercrimes against individuals, including the use of 
                technology to protect victims of such crimes;
            (3) training for State or local emergency dispatch 
        personnel relating to cybercrimes against individuals, 
        including--
                    (A) training such personnel to identify and protect 
                victims of cybercrimes against individuals;
                    (B) training such personnel to utilize Federal, 
                State, local, and other resources to assist victims of 
                cybercrimes against individuals;
                    (C) training such personnel to utilize technology 
                to assist in the identification of and response to 
                cybercrimes against individuals; and
                    (D) the payment of overtime incurred as a result of 
                such training;
            (4) assistance to State or local law enforcement agencies 
        in enforcing laws that prohibit cybercrimes against 
        individuals, including expenses incurred in performing 
        enforcement operations, such as overtime payments;
            (5) assistance to State or local law enforcement agencies 
        in educating the public in order to prevent, deter, and 
        identify violations of laws that prohibit cybercrimes against 
        individuals;
            (6) assistance to State or local law enforcement agencies 
        to establish task forces that operate solely to conduct 
        investigations, forensic analyses of evidence, and prosecutions 
        in matters involving cybercrimes against individuals;
            (7) assistance to State or local law enforcement and 
        prosecutors in acquiring computers, computer equipment, and 
        other equipment necessary to conduct investigations and 
        forensic analysis of evidence in matters involving cybercrimes 
        against individuals, including expenses incurred in the 
        training, maintenance, or acquisition of technical updates 
        necessary for the use of such equipment for the duration of a 
        reasonable period of use of such equipment;
            (8) assistance in the facilitation and promotion of 
        sharing, with State and local law enforcement officers and 
        prosecutors, of the expertise and information of Federal law 
        enforcement agencies about the investigation, analysis, and 
        prosecution of matters involving laws that prohibit cybercrimes 
        against individuals, including the use of multijurisdictional 
        task forces; or
            (9) assistance to State and local law enforcement and 
        prosecutors in processing interstate extradition requests for 
        violations of laws involving cybercrimes against individuals, 
        including expenses incurred in the extradition of an offender 
        from one State to another.
    (d) Report to the Secretary.--On the date that is 1 year after the 
date on which a State or unit of local government receives a grant 
under this section, and annually thereafter, the chief executive of 
such State or unit of local government shall submit to the Attorney 
General a report which contains--
            (1) a summary of the activities carried out during the 
        previous year with any grant received by such State or unit of 
        local government;
            (2) an evaluation of the results of such activities; and
            (3) such other information as the Attorney General may 
        reasonably require.
    (e) Report to Congress.--Not later than November 1 of each even-
numbered fiscal year, the Attorney General shall submit to the 
Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate a report that contains a 
compilation of the information contained in the report submitted under 
subsection (d).
    (f) Authorization of Appropriations.--
            (1) In general.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
        carry out this section $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
        2020 through 2024.
            (2) Limitation.--Of the amount made available under 
        paragraph (1) in any fiscal year, not more than 5 percent may 
        be used for evaluation, monitoring, technical assistance, 
        salaries, and administrative expenses.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``cybercrimes against individuals'' means the 
        criminal offenses applicable in the relevant State or unit of 
        local government that involve the use of a computer to cause 
        personal harm to an individual, such as the use of a computer 
        to harass, threaten, stalk, extort, coerce, cause fear, 
        intimidate, without consent distribute intimate images of, or 
        violate the privacy of, an individual, except that--
                    (A) use of a computer need not be an element of 
                such an offense; and
                    (B) such term does not include the use of a 
                computer to cause harm to a commercial entity, 
                government agency, or any non-natural persons.
            (2) The term ``computer'' includes a computer network and 
        an interactive electronic device.

SEC. 1502. NATIONAL RESOURCE CENTER GRANT.

    (a) In General.--Subject to the availability of appropriations, the 
Attorney General shall award a grant under this section to an eligible 
entity for the purpose of the establishment and maintenance of a 
National Resource Center on Cybercrimes Against Individuals to provide 
resource information, training, and technical assistance to improve the 
capacity of individuals, organizations, governmental entities, and 
communities to prevent, enforce, and prosecute cybercrimes against 
individuals.
    (b) Application.--To request a grant under this section, an 
eligible entity shall submit an application to the Attorney General not 
later than 90 days after the date on which funds to carry out this 
section are appropriated for fiscal year 2020 in such form as the 
Attorney General may require. Such application shall include the 
following:
            (1) An assurance that, for each fiscal year covered by an 
        application, the applicant shall maintain and report such data, 
        records, and information (programmatic and financial) as the 
        Attorney General may reasonably require.
            (2) A certification, made in a form acceptable to the 
        Attorney General, that--
                    (A) the programs funded by the grant meet all the 
                requirements of this section;
                    (B) all the information contained in the 
                application is correct; and
                    (C) the applicant will comply with all provisions 
                of this section and all other applicable Federal laws.
    (c) Use of Funds.--The eligible entity awarded a grant under this 
section shall use such amounts for the establishment and maintenance of 
a National Resource Center on Cybercrimes Against Individuals, which 
shall--
            (1) offer a comprehensive array of technical assistance and 
        training resources to Federal, State, and local governmental 
        agencies, community-based organizations, and other 
        professionals and interested parties, related to cybercrimes 
        against individuals, including programs and research related to 
        victims;
            (2) maintain a resource library which shall collect, 
        prepare, analyze, and disseminate information and statistics 
        related to--
                    (A) the incidence of cybercrimes against 
                individuals;
                    (B) the enforcement, and prosecution of laws 
                relating to cybercrimes against individuals; and
                    (C) the provision of supportive services and 
                resources for victims of cybercrimes against 
                individuals; and
            (3) conduct research related to--
                    (A) the causes of cybercrimes against individuals;
                    (B) the effect of cybercrimes against individuals 
                on victims of such crimes; and
                    (C) model solutions to prevent or deter cybercrimes 
                against individuals or to enforce the laws relating to 
                cybercrimes against individuals.
    (d) Duration of Grant.--
            (1) In general.--The grant awarded under this section shall 
        be awarded for a period of 5 years.
            (2) Renewal.--A grant under this section may be renewed for 
        additional 5-year periods if the Attorney General determines 
        that the funds made available to the recipient were used in a 
        manner described in subsection (c), and if the recipient 
        resubmits an application described in subsection (b) in such 
        form, and at such time as the Attorney General may reasonably 
        require.
    (e) Subgrants.--The eligible entity awarded a grant under this 
section may make subgrants to other nonprofit private organizations 
with relevant subject matter expertise in order to establish and 
maintain the National Resource Center on Cybercrimes Against 
Individuals in accordance with subsection (c).
    (f) Report to the Secretary.--On the date that is 1 year after the 
date on which an eligible entity receives a grant under this section, 
and annually thereafter for the duration of the grant period, the 
entity shall submit to the Attorney General a report which contains--
            (1) a summary of the activities carried out under the grant 
        program during the previous year;
            (2) an evaluation of the results of such activities; and
            (3) such other information as the Attorney General may 
        reasonably require.
    (g) Report to Congress.--Not later than November 1 of each even-
numbered fiscal year, the Attorney General shall submit to the 
Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate a report that contains a 
compilation of the information contained in the report submitted under 
subsection (d).
    (h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $4,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2020 through 2024.
    (i) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Cybercrimes against individuals.--The term 
        ``cybercrimes against individuals'' has the meaning given such 
        term in section 1501(g).
            (2) Eligible entity.--The term ``eligible entity'' means a 
        nonprofit private organization that focuses on cybercrimes 
        against individuals and that--
                    (A) provides documentation to the Attorney General 
                demonstrating experience working directly on issues of 
                cybercrimes against individuals; and
                    (B) includes on the entity's advisory board 
                representatives who have a documented history of 
                working directly on issues of cybercrimes against 
                individuals and who are geographically and culturally 
                diverse.

SEC. 1503. NATIONAL STRATEGY, CLASSIFICATION, AND REPORTING ON 
              CYBERCRIME.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Computer.--The term ``computer'' includes a computer 
        network and any interactive electronic device.
            (2) Cybercrime against individuals.--The term ``cybercrime 
        against individuals'' means a Federal, State, or local criminal 
        offense that involves the use of a computer to cause personal 
        harm to an individual, such as the use of a computer to harass, 
        threaten, stalk, extort, coerce, cause fear, intimidate, 
        without consent distribute intimate images of, or violate the 
        privacy of, an individual, except that--
                    (A) use of a computer need not be an element of the 
                offense; and
                    (B) the term does not include the use of a computer 
                to cause harm to a commercial entity, government 
                agency, or non-natural person.
    (b) National Strategy.--The Attorney General shall develop a 
national strategy to--
            (1) reduce the incidence of cybercrimes against 
        individuals;
            (2) coordinate investigations of cybercrimes against 
        individuals by Federal law enforcement agencies; and
            (3) increase the number of Federal prosecutions of 
        cybercrimes against individuals.
    (c) Classification of Cybercrimes Against Individuals for Purposes 
of Crime Reports.--In accordance with the authority of the Attorney 
General under section 534 of title 28, United States Code, the Director 
of the Federal Bureau of Investigation shall--
            (1) design and create within the Uniform Crime Reports a 
        category for offenses that constitute cybercrimes against 
        individuals;
            (2) to the extent feasible, within the category established 
        under paragraph (1), establish subcategories for each type of 
        cybercrime against individuals that is an offense under Federal 
        or State law;
            (3) classify the category established under paragraph (1) 
        as a Part I crime in the Uniform Crime Reports; and
            (4) classify each type of cybercrime against individuals 
        that is an offense under Federal or State law as a Group A 
        offense for the purpose of the National Incident-Based 
        Reporting System.
    (d) Annual Summary.--The Attorney General shall publish an annual 
summary of the information reported in the Uniform Crime Reports and 
the National Incident-Based Reporting System relating to cybercrimes 
against individuals.

            Passed the House of Representatives April 4, 2019.

            Attest:

                                             CHERYL L. JOHNSON,

                                                                 Clerk.
                                                        Calendar No. 66

116th CONGRESS

  1st Session

                               H. R. 1585

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT

 To reauthorize the Violence Against Women Act of 1994, and for other 
                               purposes.

_______________________________________________________________________

                             April 10, 2019

            Read the second time and placed on the calendar

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