Text: H.R.2036 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (04/02/2019)


116th CONGRESS
1st Session
H. R. 2036


To provide protections for amateur and professional athletes, and for other purposes.


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

April 2, 2019

Mr. Lawson of Florida introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and Labor


A BILL

To provide protections for amateur and professional athletes, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title; table of contents.

(a) Short title.—This Act may be cited as the “National Collegiate Athletics Act of 2019” or the “NCAA Act of 2019”.

(b) Table of contents.—The table of contents for this Act is as follows:


Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

Sec. 10. Enforcement.

Sec. 11. Amateurism.

Sec. 12. Scholarships.

Sec. 13. Returning athlete scholarships.

Sec. 14. Student-athlete work opportunity.

Sec. 15. Student-athlete injury coverage.

Sec. 21. Collective bargaining agreements in professional sports.

Sec. 31. Annual report.

Sec. 32. Definitions.

SEC. 10. Enforcement.

Section 487(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1094(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

“(30) The institution will comply with the requirements of title I of the NCAA Act of 2019.”.

SEC. 11. Amateurism.

(a) In general.—Except as provided in subsection (b), an institution of higher education may not restrict, or be a member of an intercollegiate athletic association that restricts amateur athletes from participating in amateur sports.

(b) Restrictions.—Subsection (a) shall not apply to restrictions with respect to—

(1) performance enhancement drugs;

(2) controlled substances which are illegal under the State laws in which the institution is located;

(3) educational requirements; or

(4) student code violations.

SEC. 12. Scholarships.

(a) Freshmen scholarship requirements.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—In the case of a student described in paragraph (2), an institution of higher education may only provide a scholarship for at least 2 concurrent academic years.

(2) STUDENT DESCRIBED.—A student described under this paragraph is a student who—

(A) participates as an athlete in a collegiate revenue-generating sport;

(B) is an incoming freshman at such institution; and

(C) does not transfer to such institution from another institution of higher education.

(b) Other student athletes.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—In the case of a student described in paragraph (2), an institution of higher education may only provide a scholarship for at least 1 academic year.

(2) STUDENT DESCRIBED.—A student described in this paragraph is a student who—

(A) participates as an athlete in a collegiate revenue-generating sport; and

(B) is not a recipient of a scholarship under subsection (a).

(c) Amount of scholarship.—The amount of a scholarship under subsection (a) or (b) shall be equal to the cost of attendance for the institution awarding such scholarship, as determined under section 472 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1087ll).

(d) Revocation.—An institution of higher education may only revoke a scholarship under subsections (a) and (b) if the recipient of such scholarship—

(1) elects to withdraw from participating in the collegiate revenue-generating sport;

(2) fails to complete mandatory time with respect to such sport;

(3) is not an amateur athlete;

(4) violates the student code of conduct of the institution of higher education; or

(5) has a GPA or academic performance below the standard for student athletes of the institution of higher education.

SEC. 13. Returning athlete scholarships.

(a) Associates degree.—In the case of a student that received a scholarship from an institution of higher education under subsection (a) or (b) of section 12 and attended such institution for a period of less than 2 academic years, such institution of higher education shall provide a needs-based scholarship to such student to complete the minimum coursework necessary to obtain an associate degree or equivalent, unless the athletes scholarship had been previously revoked under section 12(d).

(b) Bachelors degree.—In the case of a student that received a scholarship from an institution of higher education under subsection (a) or (b) of section 12 and attended such institution for a period of 2 or more academic years, such institution of higher education shall provide a needs-based scholarship to such student to complete the minimum coursework necessary to obtain a bachelors degree.

(c) Full-Time students.—An institution of higher education may require a returning student described in subsection (a) or (b) to attend such institution full-time.

(d) Needs-Based scholarship.—In this section, the term “needs-based scholarship” means the amount equal to—

(1) the cost of attendance for a student (as defined in section 472 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1087ll)); minus

(2) the lesser of the following:

(A) The expected family contribution for such student if such contribution was determined under section 475 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1087oo).

(B) The expected family contribution for such student if such contribution was determined under section 476 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1087pp).

(C) The expected family contribution for such student if such contribution was determined under section 477 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1087qq).

SEC. 14. Student-athlete work opportunity.

(a) In general.—An institution of higher education that provides a scholarship under subsection (a) or (b) of section 12 to a student shall require that such student report to such institution any potential paid work opportunity such student intends to accept, before accepting such work opportunity.

(b) Review of work opportunity.—In the case of a work opportunity reported pursuant to subsection (a), an institution shall—

(1) approve or deny such opportunity in writing not later than 14 days after receiving such report; or

(2) deny such opportunity only if accepting such opportunity—

(A) would nullify the amateur status of such student; or

(B) would prohibit the student from fulfilling mandatory time commitments for the sport for which the student received a scholarship under subsection (a) or (b) of section 12.

(c) Effect of denial.—In the case of a denial of an opportunity reported to an institution of higher education pursuant to subsection (a), if a student accepts such opportunity, the institution may revoke the scholarship under subsection (a) or (b) of section 12 of such student.

SEC. 15. Student-athlete injury coverage.

(a) In general.—In the case of a student at an institution of higher education who participates as an athlete in a collegiate revenue-generating sport, such institution shall ensure that such student is provided, at no cost to such student, coverage for any medical costs incurred by such student with respect to any injury attributable to participation in such sport. Such institution shall serve as the primary payor with respect to 100 percent of such costs in lieu of any benefits such student may have under health insurance coverage or a group health plan (as such terms are defined in section 2791 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300gg–91)).

(b) Effective date.—The requirement specified in subsection (a) shall apply with respect to students participating in a collegiate revenue-generating sport on or after the date that is 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 21. Collective bargaining agreements in professional sports.

A collective bargaining agreement between a professional sports league and a professional players’ association entered into after the date of the enactment of this Act shall allow adults to enter the collective bargaining agreement at the same level as other adults with the same experience level in such professional sports league.

SEC. 31. Annual report.

Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary of Education shall provide each institution of higher education with a collegiate revenue-generating sport a report of the responsibilities of such institutions with respect to players participating in the collegiate revenue-generating sport.

SEC. 32. Definitions.

In this Act:

(1) ADULT.—The term “adult” means a person that is at least 18 years old.

(2) AMATEUR ATHLETE.—The term “amateur athlete” means an athlete that participates in a sport who has not—

(A) entered into a contract with a professional team with respect to such sport;

(B) received a salary with respect to such sport;

(C) received earnings (not including scholarships) related to the participation in such sport; or

(D) received compensation from an agent representing or attempting to represent such athlete in such sport.

(3) COLLEGIATE REVENUE-GENERATING SPORT.—The term “collegiate revenue-generating sport” means men’s basketball or men’s football offered by an institution of higher education for which such institution participates in a qualified league.

(4) INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION.—The term “institution of higher education” means an institution described in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).

(5) QUALIFIED LEAGUE.—The term “qualified league” means—

(A) division 1, football bowl subdivision, autonomy schools; and

(B) any sports league comprised of at least 6 participating institutions of higher education in which at least 66 percent or greater of the revenues from a sport offered by such institutions exceed the expenses in that sport in each of the two most recently reported years.

(6) PROFESSIONAL SPORTS LEAGUE.—The term “professional sports league” means—

(A) the National Hockey League;

(B) the National Football League;

(C) the National Basketball Association;

(D) Major League Baseball; and

(E) Major League Soccer.

(7) PROFESSIONAL PLAYERS ASSOCIATION.—A group of professional sports league players that are represented by a collective bargaining agreement with a professional sports league.


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