Summary: H.R.2203 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Reported to House, Part I (07/19/2019)

Homeland Security Improvement Act

This bill establishes various bodies and policies related to border security. It also limits when the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) may separate a child from a parent or legal guardian.

The bill establishes a commission to investigate and make a complete accounting of the handling of migrant families and children at the southern border since January 2017.

DHS shall appoint an Ombudsman for Border and Immigration Related Concerns, who shall establish a process to receive, investigate, and provide redress for complaints relating to border security and immigration activities.

The bill establishes a committee to advise DHS as to how various programs may impact border communities.

DHS shall ensure U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) officers receive initial and continual education on topics such as interaction with vulnerable populations. DHS shall provide Congress with a plan to require the use of body cameras during border security or immigration enforcement activities.

A child may not be removed from a parent or legal guardian at or near a port of entry or within 100 miles of the border except in certain instances, such as when a court determines that such removal is in the child's best interests. DHS shall establish an electronic system to track separated children and the parents and legal guardians of such children.

The bill stops the implementation of various rules limiting requests for asylum, and imposes certain rules on the treatment of detained individuals.

The bill requires various reports, including a Government Accountability Office report on migrant deaths.