Text: H.R.2500 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Shown Here:
Placed on Calendar Senate (08/11/2020)

 
[Congressional Bills 116th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[H.R. 2500 Placed on Calendar Senate (PCS)]

<DOC>





                                                       Calendar No. 512
116th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                H. R. 2500


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                           September 10, 2019

                                Received

                            August 11, 2020

                 Read twice and placed on the calendar

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT


 
     To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2020 for military 
activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and 
   for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe 
   military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other 
                               purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2020''.

SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into four divisions as 
follows:
            (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
            (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
            (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
        Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
            (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.
                       Subtitle B--Navy Programs

Sec. 111. Modification of annual report on cost targets for certain 
                            aircraft carriers.
Sec. 112. Repeal of requirement to adhere to Navy cost estimates for 
                            certain aircraft carriers.
Sec. 113. Ford class aircraft carrier support for F-35C aircraft.
Sec. 114. Prohibition on use of funds for reduction of aircraft carrier 
                            force structure.
Sec. 115. Design and construction of amphibious transport dock 
                            designated LPD-31.
Sec. 116. Limitation on availability of funds pending quarterly updates 
                            on the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter 
                            program.
Sec. 117. Limitation on availability of funds for VH-92A helicopter.
Sec. 118. National Defense Reserve Fleet Vessel.
Sec. 119. Report on plans to support and maintain aircraft at Marine 
                            Corps air stations.
                     Subtitle C--Air Force Programs

Sec. 121. Modification of requirement to preserve certain C-5 aircraft.
Sec. 122. Modification of limitation on use of funds for KC-46A 
                            aircraft.
Sec. 123. F-15EX aircraft program.
Sec. 124. Prohibition on availability of funds for reduction in KC-10 
                            primary mission aircraft inventory.
Sec. 125. Limitation on availability of funds for VC-25B aircraft.
Sec. 126. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement of RC-135 
                            aircraft.
Sec. 127. Report on aircraft fleet of the Civil Air Patrol.
Sec. 128. Increase in funding for RC-135 aircraft.
Sec. 129. Provisions relating to RC-26B manned intelligence, 
                            surveillance, and reconnaissance aircraft.
Sec. 130. Air Force Aggressor Squadron Modernization.
Sec. 130A. Open Skies Treaty aircraft recapitalization program.
       Subtitle D--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 131. Economic order quantity contracting and buy-to-budget 
                            acquisition for F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 132. Program requirements for the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 133. Reports on F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 134. Requirement to seek compensation for failure to deliver non-
                            Ready-For-Issue spare parts for the F-35 
                            aircraft program.
Sec. 135. Procurement authority for light attack aircraft.
         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.
    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of 
                            members of Armed Forces for careers in 
                            science, technology, engineering, and 
                            mathematics.
Sec. 212. Temporary inclusion of joint artificial intelligence center 
                            of the Department of Defense in personnel 
                            management authority to attract experts in 
                            science and engineering.
Sec. 213. Joint Hypersonics Transition Office.
Sec. 214. Modification of proof of concept commercialization program.
Sec. 215. Contract for national security research studies.
Sec. 216. JASON Scientific Advisory Group.
Sec. 217. Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon Removal Technology 
                            Program.
Sec. 218. Foreign malign influence operations research program.
Sec. 219. Sensor data integration for fifth generation aircraft.
Sec. 220. Documentation relating to Advanced Battle Management System.
Sec. 221. Documentation relating to B-52 commercial engine replacement 
                            program.
Sec. 222. Diversification of the science, technology, research, and 
                            engineering workforce of the Department of 
                            Defense.
Sec. 223. Policy on the talent management of digital expertise and 
                            software professionals.
Sec. 224. Development and implementation of digital engineering 
                            capability and automated software testing 
                            and evaluation.
Sec. 225. Process to align policy formulation and emerging technology 
                            development.
Sec. 226.  Limitation on transition of Strategic Capabilities Office of 
                            the Department of Defense.
Sec. 227. Sense of Congress on the importance of continued coordination 
                            of studies and analysis research of the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 228. Global positioning system modernization.
Sec. 229. Musculoskeletal injury prevention research.
Sec. 230. STEM jobs action plan.
Sec. 230A. Sense of Congress on future vertical lift technologies.
Sec. 230B. Modification of defense quantum information science and 
                            technology research and development 
                            program.
Sec. 230C. Trusted supply chain and operational security standards for 
                            microelectronics.
                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 231. Master plan for implementation of authorities relating to 
                            science and technology reinvention 
                            laboratories.
Sec. 232. Master plan for infrastructure required to support research, 
                            development, test, and evaluation missions.
Sec. 233. Strategy and implementation plan for fifth generation 
                            information and communications 
                            technologies.
Sec. 234. Department-wide software science and technology strategy.
Sec. 235. Artificial intelligence education strategy.
Sec. 236. Biannual report on the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.
Sec. 237. Quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle 
                            program.
Sec. 238. Grants for civics education programs.
Sec. 239. Technology and national security fellowship.
Sec. 240. National Security Commission on Defense Research at 
                            Historically Black Colleges and 
                            Universities and Other Minority 
                            Institutions.
Sec. 241. Increase in funding for basic operational medical research 
                            science.
Sec. 242. Increase in funding for university research initiatives.
Sec. 243.  Quantum Information Science Innovation Center.
Sec. 244. Increase in funding for Naval University Research 
                            Initiatives.
Sec. 245. Increase in funding for university and industry research 
                            centers.
Sec. 246. Increase in funding for national security innovation capital.
Sec. 247. Increase in funding for Air Force University Research 
                            Initiatives.
Sec. 248. Increase in funding for Naval University Research 
                            Initiatives.
Sec. 249. Study and report on lab-embedded entrepreneurial fellowship 
                            program.
Sec. 250. Independent study on threats to United States national 
                            security from development of hypersonic 
                            weapons by foreign nations.
Sec. 251. Report on innovation investments and management.
Sec. 252. Requirement for annual report summarizing the operational 
                            test and evaluation activities of the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 253. Increase in funding for Army University Research Initiatives.
Sec. 254. Funding for anti-tamper heterogenous integrated 
                            microelectronics.
Sec. 255. Briefing on use of blockchain technology for defense 
                            purposes.
Sec. 256. Efforts to counter manipulated media content.
                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 302. Funding for Army Community Services.
Sec. 303. Increase in funding for civil military programs.
                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Timeline for Clearinghouse review of applications for energy 
                            projects that may have an adverse impact on 
                            military operations and readiness.
Sec. 312. Authority to make final finding on designation of geographic 
                            areas of concern for purposes of energy 
                            projects with adverse impacts on military 
                            operations and readiness.
Sec. 313. Authority to accept contributions of funds from applicants 
                            for energy projects for mitigation of 
                            impacts on military operations and 
                            readiness.
Sec. 314. Department of Defense improvement of previously conveyed 
                            utility systems serving military 
                            installations.
Sec. 315. Five-year authority for National Guard environmental 
                            restoration projects for environmental 
                            responses.
Sec. 316. Sale of electricity from alternate energy and cogeneration 
                            production facilities.
Sec. 317. Transfer authority for funding of study and assessment on 
                            health implications of per- and 
                            polyfluoroalkyl substances contamination in 
                            drinking water by Agency for Toxic 
                            Substances and Disease Registry.
Sec. 318. Replacement of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam with 
                            fluorine-free fire-fighting agent.
Sec. 319. Prohibition of uncontrolled release of fluorinated aqueous 
                            film-forming foam at military 
                            installations.
Sec. 320. Prohibition on use of fluorinated aqueous film forming foam 
                            for training exercises.
Sec. 321. Real-time noise-monitoring study at Navy and Air Force 
                            installations where tactical fighter 
                            aircraft operate.
Sec. 322. Development of climate vulnerability and risk assessment 
                            tool.
Sec. 323. Provision of uncontaminated water for agricultural use on 
                            land contaminated by PFOS and PFOA used on 
                            military installations.
Sec. 324. Removal of barriers that discourage investments to increase 
                            resiliency to climate change.
Sec. 325. Offshore energy development.
Sec. 326. Use of proceeds from sale of recyclable materials.
Sec. 327. Disposal of recyclable materials.
Sec. 328. Climate-conscious budgeting of Department of Defense.
Sec. 329. Funding for detonation chambers in Vieques, Puerto Rico.
Sec. 330. Comptroller General report on environmental cleanup of 
                            Vieques and Culebra, Puerto Rico.
Sec. 330A. PFAS designation, effluent limitations, and pretreatment 
                            standards.
Sec. 330B. Prohibition on Perfluoroalkyl Substances and Polyfluoroalkyl 
                            Substances in Meals Ready-to-Eat Food 
                            Packaging.
Sec. 330C. Comptroller General study on PFAS contamination.
Sec. 330D. Disposal of materials containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
                            substances or aqueous film-forming foam.
Sec. 330E. Prohibition on use of perfluoroalkyl substances and 
                            polyfluoroalkyl substances for land-based 
                            applications of firefighting foam.
Sec. 330F. Agreements to share monitoring data relating to 
                            perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl 
                            substances and other contaminants of 
                            concern.
Sec. 330G. Detection of perfluorinated compounds.
Sec. 330H. Cooperative agreements with States to address contamination 
                            by perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl 
                            substances.
Sec. 330I. Findings, purpose, and apology.
Sec. 330J. Study on energy savings performance contracts.
Sec. 330K. Reduction of Department of Defense facility water use.
Sec. 330L. Plan to phase out use of burn pits.
Sec. 330M. Information relating to locations of burn pit use.
Sec. 330N. Radium testing at certain locations of the Department of the 
                            Navy.
Sec. 330O. Designation as hazardous substances.
                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 331. Material readiness metrics and objectives.
Sec. 332. Clarification of authority regarding use of working capital 
                            funds for unspecified minor military 
                            construction projects related to 
                            revitalization and recapitalization of 
                            defense industrial base facilities.
Sec. 333. F-35 Joint Strike Fighter sustainment.
Sec. 334. Report on strategic policy for prepositioned materiel and 
                            equipment.
Sec. 335. Limitation on use of funds for implementation of elements of 
                            master plan for redevelopment of Former 
                            Ship Repair Facility in Guam.
Sec. 336. Report on effects of increased automation of defense 
                            industrial base on manufacturing workforce.
Sec. 337. Extension of temporary installation reutilization authority 
                            for arsenals, depots and plants.
Sec. 338. Pilot program to train skilled technicians in critical 
                            shipbuilding skills.
                          Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 341. Readiness reporting.
Sec. 342. Extension of deadline for transition from service-specific 
                            defense readiness reporting systems.
Sec. 343. Report on Navy ship depot maintenance budget.
Sec. 344. Report on Runit Dome.
Sec. 345. Comptroller General study of out-of-pocket costs for service 
                            dress uniforms.
Sec. 346. Inspector General audit of certain commercial depot 
                            maintenance contracts.
Sec. 347. Report on plan to decontaminate sites formerly used by the 
                            Department of the Army that have since been 
                            transferred to units of local government 
                            and are affected by pollutants that are, in 
                            whole or in part, a result of activity by 
                            the Department of Defense.
                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 351. Inclusion of over-the-horizon radars in early outreach 
                            procedures.
Sec. 352. Extension of authority for Secretary of Defense to use 
                            Department of Defense reimbursement rate 
                            for transportation services provided to 
                            certain non-Department of Defense entities.
Sec. 353. Expanded transfer and adoption of military animals.
Sec. 354. Extension of authority of Secretary of Transportation to 
                            issue non-premium aviation insurance.
Sec. 355. Defense personal property program.
Sec. 356. Public events about Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
Sec. 357. Sense of Congress regarding Innovative Readiness Training 
                            program.
Sec. 358. Pilot program on reduction of effects of military aviation 
                            noise on private residences.
Sec. 359. Completion of Department of Defense Directive 2310.07E 
                            regarding missing persons.
              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
                            levels.
                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for reserves on active duty in support of the 
                            reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
                            active duty for operational support.
              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.
                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Management policies for joint qualified officers.
Sec. 502. Grade of Chief of the Veterinary Corps of the Army.
Sec. 503. Authority of promotion boards to recommend that officers of 
                            particular merit be placed higher on 
                            promotion list.
Sec. 504. Availability on the internet of certain information about 
                            officers serving in general or flag officer 
                            grades.
Sec. 505. Report on rate of maternal mortality among members of the 
                            Armed Forces.
Sec. 506. Functional badge or insignia upon commission for chaplains.
                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Grade of certain chiefs of reserve components.
Sec. 512. Authority to defer mandatory separation at age 68 of officers 
                            in medical specialties in the reserve 
                            components.
Sec. 513. Repeal of requirement for review of certain Army Reserve 
                            officer unit vacancy promotions by 
                            commanders of associated active duty units.
Sec. 514. Guidance for use of unmanned aircraft systems by the National 
                            Guard.
Sec. 515. Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 516. JROTC computer science and cybersecurity program.
Sec. 517. Programs of scholarships for members of Junior Reserve 
                            Officers' Training Corps units toward 
                            obtaining private pilot's certificates.
Sec. 518. Sense of Congress regarding Junior Reserve Officers' Training 
                            Corps.
Sec. 519. Sense of Congress regarding the National Guard Youth 
                            Challenge Program.
Sec. 520. Pilot program on the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
                            program at Lucy Garrett Beckham High 
                            School, Charleston County, South Carolina.
Sec. 520A. Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps threshold.
Sec. 520B. Inclusion of homeschooled students in Junior Reserve 
                            Officer's Training Corps units.
Sec. 520C. Report on National Guard and United States Northern Command 
                            capacity to meet homeland defense and 
                            security incidents.
Sec. 520D. National guard support to major disasters.
Sec. 520E. Report on methods to enhance domestic response to large 
                            scale, complex and catastrophic disasters.
Sec. 520F. Report regarding National Guard Youth Challenge Program.
Sec. 520G. Permanent extension of suicide prevention and resilience 
                            program for the reserve components.
Sec. 520H. Temporary authority to use Air Force reserve component 
                            personnel to provide training and 
                            instruction regarding pilot training.
  Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                Records

Sec. 521. Establishment of board of appeals regarding denied requests 
                            for upgraded discharges and dismissals.
Sec. 522. Prohibition on reduction in the number of personnel assigned 
                            to duty with a service review agency.
Sec. 523. Advisory committee on record and service review boards.
Sec. 524. Time requirements for certification of honorable service.
Sec. 525. Prohibition on implementation of military service suitability 
                            determinations for foreign nationals who 
                            are lawful permanent residents.
Sec. 526. Strategic plan for diversity and inclusion.
Sec. 527. Independent study on barriers to entry into the Armed Forces 
                            for English learners.
Sec. 528. Reenlistment waivers for persons separated from the Armed 
                            Forces who commit one misdemeanor cannabis 
                            offense.
Sec. 529. Sense of Congress regarding accession physicals.
Sec. 530. Recognition and honoring of service of individuals who served 
                            in United States Cadet Nurse Corps during 
                            World War II.
Sec. 530A. Development of guidelines for use of unofficial sources of 
                            information to determine eligibility of 
                            members and former members of the armed 
                            forces for benefits and decorations when 
                            the service records are incomplete because 
                            of damage to the official record.
Sec. 530B. Nondiscrimination with respect to service in the Armed 
                            Forces.
Sec. 530C. Study regarding screening individuals who seek to enlist in 
                            the Armed Forces.
Sec. 530D. Advice and counsel of trauma experts in review by boards for 
                            correction of military records and 
                            discharge review boards of certain claims.
Sec. 530E. Training of members of boards for correction of military 
                            records and discharge review boards on 
                            sexual trauma, intimate partner violence, 
                            spousal abuse, and related matters.
Sec. 530F. Notification to Secretary of Homeland Security of honorable 
                            discharges of non-citizens.
Sec. 530G. Prohibition on involuntary separation or deportation of 
                            members of the Armed Forces who are DACA 
                            recipients or have temporary protected 
                            status.
Sec. 530H. Review of discharge characterization.
                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

Sec. 531. Command influence.
Sec. 532. Statute of limitations for certain offenses.
Sec. 533. Guidelines on sentences for offenses committed under the 
                            Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 534. Expansion of responsibilities of commanders for victims of 
                            sexual assault committed by another member 
                            of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 535. Increase in investigative personnel and Victim Witness 
                            Assistance Program liaisons.
Sec. 536. Increase in number of digital forensic examiners for the 
                            military criminal investigation 
                            organizations.
Sec. 537. Pilot programs on defense investigators in the military 
                            justice system.
Sec. 538. Pilot program on prosecution of special victim offenses 
                            committed by attendees of military service 
                            academies.
Sec. 539. Timely disposition of nonprosecutable sex-related offenses.
Sec. 540. Training for sexual assault initial disposition authorities 
                            on exercise of disposition authority for 
                            sexual assault and collateral offenses.
Sec. 540A. Assessment of racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in the 
                            military justice system.
Sec. 540B. Expansion of pre-referral matters reviewable by military 
                            judges and military magistrates in the 
                            interest of efficiency in military justice.
Sec. 540C. Training for commanders in the armed forces on their role in 
                            all stages of military justice in 
                            connection with sexual assault.
                    Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Standard of evidence applicable to investigations and reviews 
                            related to protected communications of 
                            members of the Armed Forces and prohibited 
                            retaliatory actions.
Sec. 542. Expansion of Special Victims' Counsel for victims of sex-
                            related or domestic violence offenses.
Sec. 543. Notification of issuance of military protective order to 
                            civilian law enforcement.
Sec. 544. Policies and procedures on registration at military 
                            installations of civil protection orders 
                            applicable to members of the Armed Forces 
                            assigned to such installations and certain 
                            other individuals.
Sec. 545. Clarifications regarding scope of employment and reemployment 
                            rights of members of the uniformed 
                            services.
Sec. 546. Military orders required for termination of leases pursuant 
                            to the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 547. Consultation regarding victim's preference in prosecution 
                            jurisdiction.
Sec. 548. Extension and expansion of Defense Advisory Committee on 
                            Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of 
                            Sexual Assault in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 549. Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual 
                            Misconduct.
Sec. 550. Safe to report policy applicable across the Armed Forces.
Sec. 550A. Availability of Special Victims' Counsel and special victim 
                            prosecutors at military installations.
Sec. 550B. Notice to victims of alleged sexual assault of pendency of 
                            further administrative action following a 
                            determination not to refer to trial by 
                            court-martial.
Sec. 550C. Training for Special Victims' Counsel on civilian criminal 
                            justice matters in the States of the 
                            military installations to which assigned.
Sec. 550D. Copyright protection for civilian faculty of accredited 
                            institutions.
Sec. 550E. Preliminary inquiry on Arlington National Cemetery burial.
Sec. 550F. Availability of records for National Instant Criminal 
                            Background Check System.
Sec. 550G. Termination of leases of premises and motor vehicles of 
                            servicemembers who incur catastrophic 
                            injury or illness or die while in military 
                            service.
Sec. 550H. To resolve controversies under Servicemembers Civil Relief 
                            Act.
Sec. 550I. Limitation on waiver of rights and protections under 
                            Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 550J. Preservation of right to bring class action under 
                            Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 550K. Effective date of rule regarding payday lending protections.
Sec. 550L. Strengthening Civilian and Military Partnerships to Respond 
                            to Domestic and Sexual Violence.
Sec. 550M. Information on legal services provided to members of the 
                            Armed Forces harmed by health or 
                            environmental hazards at military housing.
Sec. 550N. Initiative to improve the capacity of military criminal 
                            investigative organizations to prevent 
                            child sexual exploitation.
Sec. 550O. Treatment of information in Catch a Serial Offender Program 
                            for certain purposes.
Sec. 550P. Preservation of recourse to restricted report on sexual 
                            assault for victims of sexual assault being 
                            investigated following certain victim or 
                            third-party communications.
                      Subtitle F--Member Education

Sec. 551. Authority for detail of certain enlisted members of the Armed 
                            Forces as students at law schools.
Sec. 552. Education of members of the Armed Forces on career readiness 
                            and professional development.
Sec. 553. Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center.
Sec. 554. Expansion of Department of Defense STARBASE Program.
Sec. 555. Inclusion of Coast Guard in Department of Defense STARBASE 
                            Program.
Sec. 556. Degree granting authority for United States Army Armament 
                            Graduate School.
Sec. 557. Congressional nominations for Senior Reserve Officers' 
                            Training Corps scholarships.
Sec. 558. Consideration of application for transfer for a student of a 
                            military service academy who is the victim 
                            of a sexual assault or related offense.
Sec. 559. Redesignation of the Commandant of the United States Air 
                            Force Institute of Technology as the 
                            Director and Chancellor of such Institute.
Sec. 560. Eligibility of additional enlisted members for associate 
                            degree programs of the Community College of 
                            the Air Force.
Sec. 560A. Safe-to-report policy applicable to military service 
                            academies.
Sec. 560B. Recoupment of funds from cadets and midshipmen separated for 
                            criminal misconduct.
Sec. 560C. Commission of graduates of the military service academies as 
                            officers.
Sec. 560D. Support of military service academy foundations.
Sec. 560E. Requirement to continue provision of tuition assistance for 
                            members of the armed forces.
Sec. 560F. Review of institutions of higher education participating in 
                            the Department of Defense Tuition 
                            Assistance Program.
Sec. 560G. Inclusion of information on free credit monitoring in annual 
                            financial literacy briefing.
Sec. 560H. Speech disorders of cadets and midshipmen.
               Subtitle G--Member Training and Transition

Sec. 561. Prohibition on gender-segregated training at Marine Corps 
                            Recruit Depots.
Sec. 562. Medical personnel at Marine Corps Recruit Depots.
Sec. 563. Assessment of deaths of recruits under the jurisdiction of 
                            the Secretary of the Navy.
Sec. 564. Inclusion of specific email address block on Certificate of 
                            Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD 
                            Form 214).
Sec. 565. Machine readability and electronic transferability of 
                            Certificate of Release or Discharge from 
                            Active Duty (DD Form 214).
Sec. 566. Records of service for reserves.
Sec. 567. Requirement to provide information regarding benefits claims 
                            to members during TAP counseling.
Sec. 568. Expansion and renaming of the Troops-to-Teachers Program.
Sec. 569. Transition outreach pilot program.
Sec. 570. Training program regarding disinformation campaigns.
Sec. 570A. Assessment and study of Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 570B. Information regarding county veterans service officers.
Sec. 570C. Pilot program to improve information sharing between 
                            Department of Defense and designated 
                            relatives and friends of members of the 
                            Armed Forces regarding the experiences and 
                            challenges of military service.
Sec. 570D. Report regarding effectiveness of Transition Assistance 
                            Program for female members of the Armed 
                            Forces.
Sec. 570E. Notice to separating servicemembers of rights under the 
                            Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 570F. Pilot program regarding online application for the 
                            Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 570G. Inclusion of question regarding immigration status on 
                            preseparation counseling checklist (DD Form 
                            2648).
Sec. 570H. Counseling to members who are not citizens of the United 
                            States.
    Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

Sec. 571. Authorizing members to take leave for a birth or adoption in 
                            more than one increment.
Sec. 572. Deferred deployment for members who give birth.
Sec. 573. Authority of the Secretary concerned to transport remains of 
                            a covered decedent to no more than two 
                            places selected by the person designated to 
                            direct disposition of the remains.
Sec. 574. Clarification regarding eligibility to transfer entitlement 
                            under Post-9/11 Educational Assistance 
                            Program.
Sec. 575. Absentee ballot tracking program.
Sec. 576. Annual State report card.
Sec. 577. Transportation of remains of casualties; travel expenses for 
                            next of kin.
Sec. 578. Meetings of officials of the Department of Defense with 
                            survivors of deceased members of the Armed 
                            Forces.
Sec. 579. Direct employment pilot program for members of the National 
                            Guard and Reserve, veterans, their spouses 
                            and dependents, and members of Gold Star 
                            Families.
Sec. 580. Continued assistance to schools with significant numbers of 
                            military dependent students.
Sec. 580A. Pilot program to fund non-profit organizations that support 
                            military families.
Sec. 580B. Expansion of the My Career Advancement Account program for 
                            military spouses to nonportable career 
                            fields and occupations.
Sec. 580C. Expansion of the My Career Advancement Account program for 
                            military spouses.
Sec. 580D. Report on training and support available to military 
                            spouses.
Sec. 580E. Full Military Honors ceremony for certain veterans.
Sec. 580F. Increase in assistance to certain local educational 
                            agencies.
Sec. 580G. Assistance for deployment-related support of members of the 
                            Armed Forces undergoing deployment and 
                            their families beyond the Yellow Ribbon 
                            Reintegration Program.
                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Expansion of Gold Star Lapel Button Eligibility to 
                            stepsiblings; free replacement.
Sec. 582. Establishment of the Atomic Veterans Service Medal.
Sec. 583. Review of World War I valor medals.
Sec. 584. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to Alwyn Cashe 
                            for acts of valor during Operation Iraqi 
                            Freedom.
Sec. 585. Eligibility of veterans of Operation End Sweep for Vietnam 
                            Service Medal.
          Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Repeal of quarterly report on end strengths.
Sec. 592. Revision of Workplace and Gender Relations Surveys.
Sec. 593. Modification of elements of reports on the improved 
                            Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 594. Questions in workplace surveys regarding supremacist, 
                            extremist, and racist activity.
Sec. 595. Command matters in connection with transition assistance 
                            programs.
Sec. 596. Expressing support for the designation of a ``Gold Star 
                            Families Remembrance Day''.
Sec. 597. Report on certain waivers received by transgender 
                            individuals.
Sec. 598. Study on best practices for providing financial literacy 
                            education for veterans.
Sec. 599. Honorary promotion of Colonel Charles E. McGee to Brigadier 
                            General in the Air Force.
Sec. 599A. Recommending that the President grant Lieutenant Colonel 
                            Richard Cole, United States Air Force 
                            (ret.), an honorary and posthumous 
                            promotion to the grade of colonel.
Sec. 599B. Inclusion of certain veterans on temporary disability or 
                            permanent disabled retirement lists in 
                            military adaptive sports programs.
Sec. 599C. Sense of Congress regarding the High-Altitude Army National 
                            Guard Aviation Training Site.
          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Clarification of continuation of pays during hospitalization 
                            and rehabilitation resulting from wounds, 
                            injury, or illness incurred while on duty 
                            in a hostile fire area or exposed to an 
                            event of hostile fire or other hostile 
                            action.
Sec. 602. Basic needs allowance for low-income regular members.
Sec. 603. Temporary increase of rates of basic allowance for housing 
                            following determination that local civilian 
                            housing costs significantly exceed such 
                            rates.
Sec. 604. Basic allowance for housing for a member without dependents 
                            when relocation would financially 
                            disadvantage the member.
Sec. 605. Partial dislocation allowance.
Sec. 606. Increase in basic pay.
Sec. 607. Annual adjustment of basic pay.
Sec. 608. Study regarding recoupment of separation pay, special 
                            separation benefits, and voluntary 
                            separation incentive payments from members 
                            of the Armed Forces and veterans who 
                            receive disability compensation under laws 
                            administered by the Secretary of Veterans 
                            Affairs.
Sec. 609. Annual reports on approval of employment or compensation of 
                            retired general or flag officers by foreign 
                            governments for emoluments clause purposes.
Sec. 610. Continued entitlements while a member of the Armed Forces 
                            participates in a career intermission 
                            program.
Sec. 610A. Report regarding transition from overseas housing allowance 
                            to basic allowance for housing for 
                            servicemembers in the territories.
Sec. 610B. Exemption from repayment of voluntary separation pay.
             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
                            authorities.
                Subtitle C--Family and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 621. Payment of transitional compensation for certain dependents.
Sec. 622. Death gratuity for ROTC graduates.
Sec. 623. Continued eligibility for education and training 
                            opportunities for spouses of promoted 
                            members.
Sec. 624. Occupational improvements for relocated spouses of members of 
                            the uniformed services.
Sec. 625. Expansion of authority to provide financial assistance to 
                            civilian providers of child care services 
                            or youth program services who provide such 
                            services to survivors of members of the 
                            Armed Forces who die in line of duty.
Sec. 626. Space-available travel on military aircraft for children and 
                            surviving spouses of members who die of 
                            hostile action or training duty.
Sec. 627. Consideration of service on active duty to reduce age of 
                            eligibility for retired pay for non-regular 
                            service.
Sec. 628. Modification to authority to reimburse for State licensure 
                            and certification costs of a spouse of a 
                            member arising from relocation.
Sec. 629. Improvements to child care for members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 630. Casualty assistance for survivors of deceased ROTC graduates.
Sec. 630A. Repeal of requirement of reduction of Survivor Benefit Plan 
                            survivor annuities by amount of dependency 
                            and indemnity compensation.
                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

Sec. 631. GAO review of defense resale optimization study.
Sec. 632. Report regarding management of military commissaries and 
                            exchanges.
Sec. 633. Reductions on account of earnings from work performed while 
                            entitled to an annuity supplement.
Sec. 634. Extension of certain morale, welfare, and recreation 
                            privileges to Foreign Service officers on 
                            mandatory home leave.
                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Contraception coverage parity under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 702. Pregnancy prevention assistance at military medical treatment 
                            facilities for sexual assault survivors.
Sec. 703. Modification of eligibility for TRICARE Reserve Select for 
                            certain members of the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 704. Lead level screenings and testings for children.
Sec. 705. Exposure to open burn pits and toxic airborne chemicals or 
                            other airborne contaminants as part of 
                            periodic health assessments and other 
                            physical examinations.
Sec. 706. Enhancement of recordkeeping and postdeployment medical 
                            assessment requirements related to 
                            occupational and environmental hazard 
                            exposure during deployment.
Sec. 707. Modifications to post-deployment mental health assessments 
                            for members of the Armed Forces deployed in 
                            support of a contingency operation.
Sec. 708. Provision of blood testing for firefighters of Department of 
                            Defense to determine exposure to 
                            perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl 
                            substances.
Sec. 709. Inclusion of infertility treatments for members of the 
                            uniformed services.
Sec. 710. Authorization of appropriations for TRICARE lead screening 
                            and testing for children.
                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Requirements for certain prescription drug labels.
Sec. 712. Officers authorized to command Army dental units.
Sec. 713. Improvements to interagency program office of the Department 
                            of Defense and the Department of Veterans 
                            Affairs.
Sec. 714. Comprehensive enterprise interoperability strategy for the 
                            Armed Forces and the Department of Veterans 
                            Affairs.
Sec. 715. Demonstration of interoperability milestones.
Sec. 716. Inclusion of blast exposure history in medical records of 
                            members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 717. Comprehensive policy for provision of mental health care to 
                            members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 718. Limitation on the realignment or reduction of military 
                            medical manning end strength.
Sec. 719. Strategy to recruit and retain mental health providers.
Sec. 720. Monitoring medication prescribing practices for the treatment 
                            of post-traumatic stress disorder.
Sec. 720A. Maintenance of certain medical services at military medical 
                            treatment facilities at Service Academies.
Sec. 720B. Development of partnerships to improve combat casualty care 
                            for personnel of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 720C. Modification to referrals for mental health services.
                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 721. Establishment of military dental research program.
Sec. 722. Pilot program on cryopreservation and storage.
Sec. 723.  Encouragement of participation in Women's Health Transition 
                            Training pilot program.
Sec. 724. National Guard suicide prevention pilot program.
Sec. 725. Reports on suicide among members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 726. Study on military-civilian integrated health delivery 
                            systems.
Sec. 727. Study on case management at military medical treatment 
                            facilities.
Sec. 728. Study on infertility among members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 729. Allowing claims against the United States for injury and 
                            death of members of the Armed Forces caused 
                            by improper medical care.
Sec. 730. Study on extending parent's level of TRICARE health coverage 
                            to newborn child.
Sec. 731. Report on Global Health Security Strategy and the National 
                            Biodefense Security.
Sec. 732. Report on mental health assessments.
Sec. 733. Study and report on mental health assessments for members of 
                            the Armed Forces deployed in support of a 
                            contingency operation.
Sec. 734. Education on family planning for members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 735. Funding for CDC ATSDR PFAS health study increment.
Sec. 736. Sense of the House of Representatives on increasing research 
                            and development in bioprinting and 
                            fabrication in austere military 
                            environments.
Sec. 737. Increased collaboration with NIH to combat triple negative 
                            breast cancer.
Sec. 738. Funding for post-traumatic stress disorder.
Sec. 739. Study on readiness contracts and the prevention of drug 
                            shortages.
Sec. 740. Update of Department of Defense regulations, instructions, 
                            and other guidance to include gambling 
                            disorder.
Sec. 741. Findings on musculoskeletal injuries.
Sec. 742. Wounded Warrior Service Dog Program.
Sec. 743. National Capital Consortium Psychiatry Residency Program.
Sec. 744. Report on medical providers and medical malpractice 
                            insurance.
Sec. 745. Information for members of the armed forces regarding 
                            availability of services at the Department 
                            of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 746. Pilot program on partnerships with civilian organizations for 
                            specialized surgical training.
Sec. 747. Report on research and studies regarding health effects of 
                            burn pits.
Sec. 748. Training on health effects of burn pits and other airborne 
                            hazards.
Sec. 749. Report on operational medical and dental personnel 
                            requirements.
Sec. 750. Annual reports on Millennium Cohort Study relating to women 
                            members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 751. Partnerships with academic health centers.
Sec. 752. Study on use of routine neuroimaging modalities in diagnosis, 
                            treatment, and prevention of brain injury 
                            due to blast pressure exposure during 
                            combat and training.
  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

             Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Establishment of acquisition pathways for software 
                            applications and software upgrades.
Sec. 802. Software development and software acquisition training and 
                            management programs.
Sec. 803. Modifications to cost or pricing data for certain 
                            procurements.
Sec. 804. Modifications to cost or pricing data on below-threshold 
                            contracts.
Sec. 805. Comptroller General report on price reasonableness.
Sec. 806. Requirement that certain ship components be manufactured in 
                            the national technology and industrial 
                            base.
Sec. 807. Acquisition and disposal of certain rare earth materials.
Sec. 808. Prohibition on acquisition of tantalum from non-allied 
                            foreign nations.
Sec. 809. Application of miscellaneous technology base policies and 
                            programs to the Columbia-class submarine 
                            program.
Sec. 810. Application of limitation on procurement of goods other than 
                            United States goods to the FFG-Frigate 
                            Program.
Sec. 811. Consideration of price in procurement of the FFG(X) frigate.
Sec. 812. Repeal of continuation of data rights during challenges.
Sec. 813. Repeal of authority to waive acquisition laws to acquire 
                            vital national security capabilities.
Sec. 814. Repeal of transfer of funds related to cost overruns and cost 
                            underruns.
Sec. 815. Addition of domestically produced stainless steel flatware 
                            and dinnerware to the Berry Amendment.
Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

Sec. 821. Modifications to the middle tier of acquisition programs.
Sec. 822. Briefing relating to the ``middle tier'' of acquisition 
                            programs.
Sec. 823. Rates for progress payments or performance-based payments.
Sec. 824. Additional requirements for negotiations for noncommercial 
                            computer software.
Sec. 825. Responsibility for data analysis and requirements validation 
                            for services contracts.
Sec. 826. Annual reports on authority to carry out certain prototype 
                            projects.
Sec. 827. Competition requirements for purchases from Federal Prison 
                            Industries.
Sec. 828. Enhanced post-award debriefing rights.
Sec. 829. Standardizing data collection and reporting on use of source 
                            selection procedures by Federal agencies.
Sec. 830. Modification of justification and approval requirement for 
                            certain Department of Defense contracts.
Sec. 831. Preference for offerors employing veterans.
Sec. 832. Reporting on expenses incurred for independent research and 
                            development costs.
Sec. 833. Reporting on expenses incurred for bid and proposal costs.
Sec. 834. Repeal of the Defense Cost Accounting Standards Board.
Sec. 835. Report on requirements relating to consumption-based 
                            solutions.
        Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

Sec. 841. Defense acquisition workforce certification and education 
                            requirements.
Sec. 842. Public-private exchange program for the acquisition 
                            workforce.
Sec. 843. Incentives and consideration for qualified training programs.
Sec. 844. Certification by prospective military construction 
                            contractors of good faith effort to utilize 
                            qualified apprentices.
        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Security

Sec. 851. Supply chain security of certain telecommunications and video 
                            surveillance services or equipment.
Sec. 852. Assured security against intrusion on United States military 
                            networks.
Sec. 853. Revised authorities to defeat adversary efforts to compromise 
                            United States defense capabilities.
Sec. 854. Prohibition on operation or procurement of foreign-made 
                            unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 855. Supply chain risk mitigation policies to be implemented 
                            through requirements generation process.
       Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to the Acquisition System

Sec. 861. Modifications to the defense acquisition system.
                  Subtitle F--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 871. Consideration of subcontracting to minority institutions.
Sec. 872. Size standard calculations for certain small business 
                            concerns.
Sec. 873. Modifications to small business subcontracting.
Sec. 874. Inclusion of best in class designations in annual report on 
                            small business goals.
Sec. 875. Small Business Administration cybersecurity reports.
Sec. 876. Cyber counseling certification program for lead small 
                            business development centers.
Sec. 877. Exemption of certain contracts from the periodic inflation 
                            adjustments to the acquisition-related 
                            dollar threshold.
Sec. 878. Improvements to certain defense innovation programs.
Sec. 879. Pilot program for development of technology-enhanced 
                            capabilities with partnership 
                            intermediaries.
Sec. 880. Authorized official to carry out the procurement technical 
                            assistance cooperative agreement program.
Sec. 881. Permanent authorization and improvement of Department of 
                            Defense Mentor-Protege Program.
Sec. 882.  Assistance for small business concerns participating in the 
                            Small Business Innovation Research Program 
                            and the Small Business Technology Transfer 
                            Program.
Sec. 883. Accelerated payments applicable to contracts with certain 
                            small business concerns under the Prompt 
                            Payment Act.
Sec. 884. Postaward explanations for unsuccessful offerors for certain 
                            contracts.
Sec. 885. Briefing on the Trusted Capital Marketplace pilot program.
Sec. 886. Boots to Business Program.
Sec. 887. Modifications to budget display requirements for the 
                            Department of Defense Small Business 
                            Innovation Research Program and Small 
                            Business Technology Transfer Program.
Sec. 888. Small business contracting credit for subcontractors that are 
                            Puerto Rico businesses.
Sec. 889. Small business contracting credit for certain small 
                            businesses located in United States 
                            territories.
                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 891. Requirement to use models of commercial e-commerce portal 
                            program.
Sec. 892. Report and database on items manufactured in the United 
                            States for major defense acquisition 
                            programs.
Sec. 893. Requirements relating to Selected Acquisition Reports.
Sec. 894. Contractor science, technology, engineering, and math 
                            programs.
Sec. 895. Extension of sunset relating to Federal Data Center 
                            Consolidation Initiative.
Sec. 896. Requirements relating to certain rail rolling stock 
                            procurements and operations.
Sec. 897. Prohibition on contracting with persons that have business 
                            operations with the Maduro regime.
Sec. 898. Report on cost growth of major defense acquisitions programs.
Sec. 899. Inclusion of operational energy projects for uses of energy 
                            cost savings.
Sec. 899A. Report and strategy on terminated foreign contracts.
Sec. 899B. Individual acquisition for commercial leasing services.
Sec. 899C. Prohibition on contracting with entities lacking a sexual 
                            harassment policy.
Sec. 899D. Domestic production of small unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 899E. Prohibition on contracting with persons with willful or 
                            repeated violations of the Fair Labor 
                            Standards Act of 1938.
Sec. 899F. Comptroller General report on contractor violations of 
                            certain labor laws.
Sec. 899G. Reestablishment of Commission on Wartime Contracting.
Sec. 899H. Federal contractor disclosure of unpaid Federal tax 
                            liability.
Sec. 899I. Uniformity in application of micro-purchase threshold to 
                            certain task or delivery orders.
Sec. 899J. Pilot program on payment of costs for denied Government 
                            Accountability Office bid protests.
Sec. 899K. Requirement for contractors to report gross violations 
                            internationally recognized human rights.
Sec. 899L. Congressional oversight of private security contractor 
                            contracts.
Sec. 899M. GAO report on contracting practices of the Corps of 
                            Engineers.
Sec. 899N. Comptroller General report on defense business processes.
      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Update of authorities relating to nuclear command, control, 
                            and communications.
  Subtitle B--Other Department of Defense Organization and Management 
                                Matters

Sec. 911. Codification of Assistant Secretaries for Environment, 
                            Installations, and Energy of the Army, 
                            Navy, and Air Force.
Sec. 912. Limitation on availability of funds for consolidation of 
                            Defense Media Activity.
Sec. 913. Modernization of certain forms and surveys.
                       Subtitle C--Space Matters

                   Part 1--United States Space Corps

Sec. 921. Establishment of United States Space Corps in the Department 
                            of the Air Force.
Sec. 922. Transfer of personnel, functions, and assets to the Space 
                            Corps.
Sec. 923. Reports on Space Corps.
Sec. 924. Space National Guard.
Sec. 925. Effects on military installations.
                      Part 2--Other Space Matters

Sec. 931. United States Space Command.
                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Additional requirements for annual report and briefing on 
                            financial improvement and audit remediation 
                            plan.
Sec. 1003. Financial improvement and audit remediation plan.
Sec. 1004. Reporting requirements relating to Department of Defense 
                            audits.
Sec. 1005. Annual budget justification display for service-common and 
                            other support and enabling capabilities for 
                            special operations forces.
Sec. 1006. Determination of budgetary effects.
Sec. 1007. Independent public accountant audit of financial systems of 
                            the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1008. Transparency of accounting firms used to support Department 
                            of Defense audit.
                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

Sec. 1011. Modification of authority to provide support to other 
                            agencies for counterdrug activities and 
                            activities to counter transnational 
                            organized crime.
Sec. 1012. Technical correction and extension of reporting requirement 
                            regarding enhancement of information 
                            sharing and coordination of military 
                            training between Department of Homeland 
                            Security and Department of Defense.
Sec. 1013. Repeal of Secretary of Defense review of curricula and 
                            program structures of National Guard 
                            Counterdrug Schools.
Sec. 1014. Sense of Congress regarding Department of Defense 
                            counterdrug activities in the transit zone 
                            and Caribbean basin.
Sec. 1015. Assessment of impact of proposed border wall on volume of 
                            illegal narcotics.
                Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1021. Transportation by sea of supplies for the Armed Forces and 
                            Defense Agencies.
Sec. 1022. Use of National Defense Sealift Fund for procurement of two 
                            used vessels.
Sec. 1023. Formal schoolhouse training for shipboard system programs of 
                            record.
Sec. 1024. Report on shipbuilder training and the defense industrial 
                            base.
Sec. 1025. Use of competitive procedures for CVN-80 and CVN-81 dual 
                            aircraft carrier contract.
Sec. 1026. Report on expanding naval vessel maintenance.
                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Extension of authority for joint task forces to provide 
                            support to law enforcement agencies 
                            conducting counter-terrorism activities.
Sec. 1032. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
                            individuals detained at United States Naval 
                            Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain 
                            countries.
Sec. 1033. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer to and detention of 
                            additional individuals, including United 
                            States citizens, at United States Naval 
                            Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1034. Sense of Congress regarding the provision of medical care to 
                            individuals detained at United States Naval 
                            Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1035. Independent assessment on gender and countering violent 
                            extremism.
Sec. 1036. Establishing a coordinator for ISIS detainee issues.
Sec. 1037. Modification of support of special operations to combat 
                            terrorism.
Sec. 1038. Public availability of military commission proceedings.
         Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1041. Scheduling of Department of Defense executive aircraft 
                            controlled by Secretaries of military 
                            departments.
Sec. 1042. Explosive ordnance defense disposal program.
Sec. 1043. Notification on the provision of defense sensitive support.
Sec. 1044. Modification and technical correction of authority for 
                            deployment of members of the Armed Forces 
                            to the southern land border of the United 
                            States.
Sec. 1045. Limitation on use of funds for the inactivation of Army 
                            watercraft units.
Sec. 1046. Prohibition on use of funds for construction of a wall, 
                            fence, or other physical barrier along the 
                            southern border of the United States.
Sec. 1047. Expenditure of funds for Department of Defense intelligence 
                            and counterintelligence activities.
Sec. 1048. Limitation on use of funds to house children separated from 
                            parents.
Sec. 1049. Limitation on use of funds for providing housing for 
                            unaccompanied alien children.
Sec. 1050. United States Munitions List.
Sec. 1050A. Limitation on use of funds for reimbursement of expenses at 
                            certain properties.
Sec. 1050B. Limitation on use of funds for exhibition of parade of 
                            military forces and hardware for review by 
                            the President.
Sec. 1050C. Prohibition on use of DoD equipment, personnel, and 
                            facilities for ICE detention.
          Subtitle F--National Defense Strategy Implementation

Sec. 1051. Short title.
Sec. 1052. Report on operational concepts and plans regarding strategic 
                            competitors.
Sec. 1053. Actions to increase analytic support.
Sec. 1054. Definitions.
                    Subtitle G--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1061. Report on transfers of equipment to prohibited entities.
Sec. 1062. Elimination of requirement to submit reports to Congress in 
                            paper format.
Sec. 1063. Modification of annual report on civilian casualties in 
                            connection with United States military 
                            operations.
Sec. 1064. Inclusion of certain individuals investigated by Inspectors 
                            General in the semiannual report.
Sec. 1065. Annual report on Joint Military Information Support 
                            Operations Web Operations Center.
Sec. 1066. Mobility capability requirements study.
Sec. 1067. Assessment of special operations force structure.
Sec. 1068. Army aviation strategic plan and modernization roadmap.
Sec. 1069. Report on ground-based long-range artillery to counter land 
                            and maritime threats.
Sec. 1070. Independent review of transportation working-capital fund.
Sec. 1071. Geographic command risk assessment of proposed use of 
                            certain aircraft capabilities.
Sec. 1072. Annual report on strikes undertaken by the United States 
                            against terrorist targets outside areas of 
                            active hostilities.
Sec. 1073. Termination of requirement for submittal to Congress of 
                            certain recurring reports.
Sec. 1074. Report on operational concepts and plans regarding strategic 
                            competitors.
Sec. 1075. Sense of Congress regarding modular airborne fire fighting 
                            system; report.
Sec. 1076. Report on backlog of personnel security clearance 
                            adjudications.
Sec. 1077. Report on policies relating to small farms.
Sec. 1078. Report on artificial intelligence.
Sec. 1079. Report on financial costs of overseas United States military 
                            posture and operations.
Sec. 1080. Human rights in Brazil.
Sec. 1080A. Report on Combating Trafficking in Persons Initiative.
Sec. 1080B. Public availability of Chief Management Office annual 
                            budget reports.
Sec. 1080C. Report regarding outstanding GAO recommendations.
Sec. 1080D. Plan to increase and expand cold weather training.
Sec. 1080E. Comptroller General review of Department of Defense support 
                            for the Department of Homeland Security 
                            operations on the southwest border of the 
                            United States.
                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Submission to Congress of Department of Defense execute 
                            orders.
Sec. 1083. Extension of National Security Commission on Artificial 
                            Intelligence.
Sec. 1084. National Commission on Military Aviation Safety.
Sec. 1085. Extension of postage stamp for breast cancer research.
Sec. 1086. Processes and procedures for notifications regarding special 
                            operations forces.
Sec. 1087. Assessment of standards, processes, procedures, and policy 
                            relating to civilian casualties.
Sec. 1088. Disposal of IPv4 addresses.
Sec. 1089. Securing American science and technology.
Sec. 1090. Standardized policy guidance for calculating aircraft 
                            operation and sustainment costs.
Sec. 1091. Special Federal Aviation Regulation Working Group.
Sec. 1092. Prohibition on names related to the Confederacy.
Sec. 1093. Prohibition on denial of Department of Veterans Affairs home 
                            loans for veterans who legally work in the 
                            marijuana industry.
Sec. 1094. Inclusion on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall of the names 
                            of the lost crew members of the U.S.S. 
                            Frank E. Evans killed on June 3, 1969.
Sec. 1095. Military type certification for light attack experimentation 
                            aircraft.
Sec. 1096. Mitigation of helicopter noise.
Sec. 1097. Report on executive helicopter flights in the National 
                            Capital Region.
Sec. 1098. Reports on reducing the backlog in legally required 
                            historical declassification obligations.
Sec. 1099. Sense of Congress regarding the Port Chicago 50.
Sec. 1099A. Review of foreign currency exchange rates and analysis of 
                            Foreign Currency Fluctuations 
                            Appropriation.
Sec. 1099B. Contracts by the President or Vice President.
Sec. 1099C. Parole in place for members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 1099D. Lands to be taken into trust as part of the reservation of 
                            the Lytton Rancheria.
Sec. 1099E. Interoperability of communications between military 
                            installations and adjacent jurisdictions.
Sec. 1099F. Support for National Maritime Heritage Grants program.
Sec. 1099G. Chinese language and culture studies within the Defense 
                            Language and National Security Education 
                            Office.
Sec. 1099H. Modification of prohibition on availability of funds for 
                            Chinese language programs at certain 
                            institutions of higher education.
Sec. 1099I. Lessons learned and best practices on progress of gender 
                            integration implementation in the Armed 
                            Forces.
Sec. 1099J. Strategies for recruitment and retention of women in the 
                            Armed Forces.
Sec. 1099K. Definition of current monthly income for purposes of 
                            bankruptcy laws.
Sec. 1099L. Honoring last surviving Medal of Honor recipient of Second 
                            World War.
Sec. 1099M. Credit monitoring.
Sec. 1099N. World language advancement and readiness grants.
Sec. 1099O. Inclusion of certain names on the Vietnam Veterans 
                            Memorial.
Sec. 1099P. Sense of Congress regarding Army Contracting Command-New 
                            Jersey.
Sec. 1099Q. Review and report on experimentation with ticks and 
                            insects.
Sec. 1099R. Pilot program to provide broadband access to military 
                            families and medical facilities on remote 
                            and isolated bases.
Sec. 1099S. Sense of Congress regarding military working dogs and 
                            soldier handlers.
Sec. 1099T. Designation of Department of Defense strategic Arctic 
                            ports.
Sec. 1099U. Funding limitation for the Erie Canalway National Heritage 
                            Corridor.
Sec. 1099V. Inspection of facilities used to house, detain, screen, and 
                            review migrants and refugees.
Sec. 1099W. Sense of Congress regarding the 2001 Authorization for Use 
                            of Military Force.
Sec. 1099X. Prohibition on export of air to ground munitions, related 
                            components and parts of such munitions, and 
                            related services to Saudi Arabia and the 
                            United Arab Emirates.
Sec. 1099Y. Independent studies regarding potential cost savings with 
                            respect to the nuclear security enterprise 
                            and force structure.
               Subtitle I--North Korea Nuclear Sanctions

Sec. 1099Z-1. Short title.
Sec. 1099Z-2. Findings.
Sec. 1099Z-3. Conditions with respect to certain accounts and 
                            transactions at United States financial 
                            institutions.
Sec. 1099Z-4. Opposition to assistance by the international financial 
                            institutions and the Export-Import Bank.
Sec. 1099Z-5. Treasury reports on compliance, penalties, and technical 
                            assistance.
Sec. 1099Z-6. Suspension and termination of prohibitions and penalties.
Sec. 1099Z-7. Exception relating to importation of goods.
Sec. 1099Z-8. Definitions.
                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

                    Subtitle A--Personnel Management

Sec. 1101. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency personnel 
                            management authority.
Sec. 1102. Modification of probationary period for certain Department 
                            of Defense employees.
Sec. 1103. Civilian personnel management.
Sec. 1104. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
                            allowances, benefits, and gratuities to 
                            civilian personnel on official duty in a 
                            combat zone.
Sec. 1105. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation 
                            on premium pay and aggregate limitation on 
                            pay for federal civilian employees working 
                            overseas.
Sec. 1106. Performance of civilian functions by military personnel.
Sec. 1107. Extension of direct hire authority for domestic industrial 
                            base facilities and Major Range and Test 
                            Facilities Base.
Sec. 1108. Authority to provide additional allowances and benefits for 
                            certain Defense Clandestine Service 
                            employees.
Sec. 1109. Prohibited personnel practices.
Sec. 1110. Enhancement of antidiscrimination protections for Federal 
                            employees.
Sec. 1111. Modification of direct hire authorities for the Department 
                            of Defense.
Sec. 1112. Permitted disclosures by whistleblowers.
Sec. 1113. Designating certain FEHBP and FEGLI services provided by 
                            Federal employees as excepted services 
                            under the Anti-Deficiency Act.
Sec. 1114. Continuing supplemental dental and vision benefits and long-
                            term care insurance coverage during a 
                            Government shutdown.
Sec. 1115. Interim Stay Authority To Protect Whistleblowers.
Sec. 1116. Limitation on transfer of Office of Personnel Management.
Sec. 1117. Review of Standard Occupational Classification System.
Sec. 1118. Assessment of Accelerated Promotion Program suspension.
Sec. 1119. Reimbursement for Federal, State, and local income taxes 
                            incurred during travel, transportation, and 
                            relocation.
Sec. 1120. Clarification of limitation on expedited hiring authority 
                            for post-secondary students.
          Subtitle B--Paid Family Leave for Federal Personnel

Sec. 1121. Short title.
Sec. 1122. Paid family leave for Federal employees covered by title 5.
Sec. 1123. Paid family leave for congressional employees.
Sec. 1124. Conforming amendment to Family and Medical Leave Act for GAO 
                            employees.
Sec. 1125. Clarification for members of the National Guard and 
                            Reserves.
Sec. 1126. Conforming amendment for certain TSA employees.
  Subtitle C--Limiting Use of Criminal History in Federal Hiring and 
                              Contracting

Sec. 1131. Short title.
Sec. 1132. Prohibition on criminal history inquiries prior to 
                            conditional offer for Federal employment.
Sec. 1133. Prohibition on criminal history inquiries by contractors 
                            prior to conditional offer.
Sec. 1134. Report on employment of individuals formerly incarcerated in 
                            Federal prisons.
             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Modification of authority to build capacity of foreign 
                            security forces.
Sec. 1202. Modification and extension of cross servicing agreements for 
                            loan of personnel protection and personnel 
                            survivability equipment in coalition 
                            operations.
Sec. 1203. Modification of quarterly report on obligation and 
                            expenditure of funds for security 
                            cooperation programs and activities.
Sec. 1204. Integration of gender perspectives and meaningful 
                            participation by women in security 
                            cooperation authorities.
Sec. 1205. Report on participants in security cooperation training 
                            programs and recipients of security 
                            assistance training that have been 
                            designated for human rights abuses or 
                            terrorist activities.
Sec. 1206. Plan to provide consistency of administration of authorities 
                            relating to vetting of units of security 
                            forces of foreign countries; modification 
                            of assessment, monitoring, and evaluation 
                            of security cooperation programs and 
                            activities.
Sec. 1207. Prohibition on use of funds to transfer defense articles and 
                            services to Azerbaijan.
Sec. 1208. Extension of authority for support of special operations for 
                            irregular warfare.
Sec. 1209. Multinational regional security education center.
Sec. 1210. Training for participants in professional military education 
                            programs.
Sec. 1210A. Report on plan to transfer funds in connection with the 
                            provision of support under section 385 of 
                            title 10, United States Code.
        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
                            certain coalition nations for support 
                            provided to United States military 
                            operations.
Sec. 1212. Modification and Extension of Afghan Special Immigrant Visa 
                            Program.
Sec. 1213. Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
                            provide defense services to the military 
                            and security forces of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1214. Extension and modification of authority to acquire products 
                            and services produced in countries along a 
                            major route of supply to Afghanistan.
Sec. 1215. Authority for certain payments to redress injury and loss in 
                            Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Somalia, Libya, 
                            and Yemen.
Sec. 1216. Extension of semiannual report on enhancing security and 
                            stability in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1217. Special immigrant visa program reporting requirement.
Sec. 1218. Meaningful inclusion of Afghan Women in peace negotiations.
         Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1221. Modification of authority to provide assistance to counter 
                            the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
Sec. 1222. Extension and modification of authority to provide 
                            assistance to the vetted Syrian opposition.
Sec. 1223. Extension and modification of authority to support 
                            operations and activities of the Office of 
                            Security Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1224. Prohibition on provision of weapons and other forms of 
                            support to certain organizations.
Sec. 1225. Rule of construction relating to use of military force 
                            against Iran.
Sec. 1226. Sense of Congress on support for Ministry of Peshmerga 
                            forces of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.
Sec. 1227. Sense of Congress on supporting the return and repatriation 
                            of religious and ethnic minorities in Iraq 
                            to their ancestral homelands.
Sec. 1228. Report on the status of deconfliction channels with Iran.
Sec. 1229. Prohibition of unauthorized military force in or against 
                            Iran.
                 Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Russia

Sec. 1231. Prohibition on the use of funds to suspend, terminate, or 
                            withdraw the United States from the Open 
                            Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1232. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
                            United States and Russia.
Sec. 1233. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
                            of Russia over Crimea.
Sec. 1234. Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance 
                            Initiative.
Sec. 1235. Report on treaties relating to nuclear arms control.
Sec. 1236. Sense of Congress on updating and modernizing existing 
                            agreements to avert miscalculation between 
                            the United States and Russia.
Sec. 1237. Sense of Congress on support for Georgia.
Sec. 1238. Sense of Congress on support for Estonia, Latvia, and 
                            Lithuania.
Sec. 1239. Annual report on cyber attacks and intrusions against the 
                            Department of Defense by certain foreign 
                            entities.
Sec. 1240. Report on Russian military involvement in the AFRICOM AOR.
Sec. 1240A. Reports relating to the New START Treaty.
Sec. 1240B. United States actions relating to Russian interference in 
                            elections for Federal office.
        Subtitle E--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

Sec. 1241. Modification of Indo-Pacific Maritime Security Initiative.
Sec. 1242. Extension and modification of report on military and 
                            security developments involving North 
                            Korea.
Sec. 1243. Limitation on use of funds to reduce the total number of 
                            members of the Armed Forces serving on 
                            active duty who are deployed to South 
                            Korea.
Sec. 1244. Report on direct, indirect, and burden-sharing contributions 
                            of Japan and South Korea.
Sec. 1245. Report on strategy on the Philippines.
Sec. 1246. Modification of annual report on military and security 
                            developments involving the People's 
                            Republic of China.
Sec. 1247. Modification of annual report on military and security 
                            developments involving the People's 
                            Republic of China.
Sec. 1248. Sense of Congress on Taiwan.
Sec. 1249. Enhancing defense cooperation with Singapore.
Sec. 1250. Modification of report relating to enhancing defense and 
                            security cooperation with India.
Sec. 1250A. Report on expansion of security cooperation and assistance 
                            to Pacific Island countries.
Sec. 1250B. Report on foreign military activities in Pacific Island 
                            countries.
Sec. 1250C. Report on ZTE compliance with Superseding Settlement 
                            Agreement and Superseding Order.
Sec. 1250D. Limitation on removal of Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. from 
                            entity list of Bureau of Industry and 
                            Security.
Sec. 1250E. Sense of Congress on the enduring United States commitment 
                            to the Freely Associated States.
Sec. 1250F. Report by Defense Intelligence Agency on certain military 
                            capabilities of China and Russia.
Sec. 1250G. Report on cybersecurity activities with Taiwan.
Sec. 1250H. Sense of Congress on United States-India defense 
                            relationship.
Sec. 1250I. United States-India defense cooperation in the Western 
                            Indian Ocean.
Sec. 1250J. Chinese foreign direct investment in countries of the 
                            Arctic region.
Sec. 1250K. Sense of Congress on North Korea.
            Subtitle F--Matters Relating to Europe and NATO

Sec. 1251. Extension and modification of NATO Special Operations 
                            Headquarters.
Sec. 1252. Modification and extension of future years plan and planning 
                            transparency for the European Deterrence 
                            Initiative.
Sec. 1253. Protection of European Deterrence Initiative funds from 
                            diversion for other purposes.
Sec. 1254. Statement of policy on United States military investment in 
                            Europe.
Sec. 1255. Limitation on transfer of F-35 aircraft to Turkey.
Sec. 1256. Report on value of investments in dual use infrastructure 
                            projects by NATO member states.
Sec. 1257. Sense of Congress on support for Poland.
Sec. 1258. European Center of Excellence for Countering Hybrid Threats.
Sec. 1259. Sense of Congress on European investments in national 
                            security.
Sec. 1260. Briefing on Department of Defense Program to Protect United 
                            States Students Against Foreign Agents.
Sec. 1260A. NATO Support Act.
Sec. 1260B. Extension and modification of security assistance for 
                            Baltic countries for joint program for 
                            interoperability and deterrence against 
                            aggression.
                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1261. Sense of Congress on United States partners and allies.
Sec. 1262. Modification to report on legal and policy frameworks for 
                            the use of military force.
Sec. 1263. Limitation on availability of certain funds until report 
                            submitted on Department of Defense awards 
                            and disciplinary action as a result of the 
                            2017 incident in Niger.
Sec. 1264. Independent assessment of sufficiency of resources available 
                            to United States Southern Command and 
                            United States Africa Command.
Sec. 1265. Rule of construction relating to use of military force.
Sec. 1266. Rule of construction relating to use of military force 
                            against Venezuela.
Sec. 1267. Sense of Congress on acquisition by Turkey of Patriot 
                            system.
Sec. 1268. Amendments relating to civilian casualty matters.
Sec. 1269. Limitation on the production of nuclear proliferation 
                            assessment statements.
Sec. 1270. Restriction on emergency authority relating to arms sales 
                            under the Arms Export Control Act.
Sec. 1270A. Report on annual defense spending by ally and partner 
                            countries.
Sec. 1270B. Sense of Congress on the United States-Israel relationship.
Sec. 1270C. Sense of Congress on stability of the Caucasus region and 
                            the continuation of the Nagorno Karabakh 
                            cease-fire.
Sec. 1270D. Western hemisphere resource assessment.
Sec. 1270E. Strategy to Improve the efforts of the Nigerian military to 
                            prevent, mitigate, and respond to civilian 
                            harm.
Sec. 1270F. Limitation on use of funds from the Special Defense 
                            Acquisition Fund.
Sec. 1270G. Prohibition on the use of emergency authorities for the 
                            sale or transfer of defense articles and 
                            services to Saudi Arabia and the United 
                            Arab Emirates.
Sec. 1270H. Prohibition on support for military participation against 
                            the Houthis.
Sec. 1270I. Repeal of prohibition on transfer of articles on the United 
                            States Munitions List to Cyprus.
Sec. 1270J. Prohibition on use of funds for shorter- or intermediate-
                            range ground launched ballistic or cruise 
                            missile systems.
Sec. 1270K. Report on implications of Chinese military presence in 
                            Djibouti.
Sec. 1270L. Report on efforts to combat Boko Haram in Nigeria and the 
                            Lake Chad Basin.
Sec. 1270M. Report on Saudi led coalition strikes in Yemen.
Sec. 1270N. Prohibition on in-flight refueling to non-United States 
                            aircraft that engage in hostilities in the 
                            ongoing civil war in Yemen.
Sec. 1270O. United States Strategy for Libya.
Sec. 1270P. Sense of Congress relating to Mongolia.
Sec. 1270Q. Report on relationship between Lebanese armed forces and 
                            Hizballah.
Sec. 1270R. Imposition of sanctions relating to Central America.
Sec. 1270S. Prohibition relating to joint task force with Guatemala.
Sec. 1270T. Prohibition on use of funds to establish any military 
                            installation or base for the purpose of 
                            providing for the permanent stationing of 
                            United States Armed Forces in Somalia.
Sec. 1270U. Report on hostilities involving United States Armed Forces.
Sec. 1270V. Reports and briefings on use of military force and support 
                            of partner forces.
Sec. 1270W. Repeal of Authorization for the Use of Military Force.
                   Subtitle H--Baltic Reassurance Act

Sec. 1271. Findings.
Sec. 1272. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 1273. Defense assessment.
Sec. 1274. Appropriate congressional committees defined.
            Subtitle I--Return Expenses Paid and Yielded Act

Sec. 1281. Short title.
Sec. 1282. Modification of certification and report requirements 
                            relating to sales of major defense 
                            equipment with respect to which 
                            nonrecurring costs of research, 
                            development, and production are waived or 
                            reduced under the Arms Export Control Act.
Sec. 1283. Review and report on use and management of administrative 
                            surcharges under the foreign military sales 
                            program.
Sec. 1284. Performance measures to monitor foreign military sales 
                            program.
Sec. 1285. Report and briefing on administrative budgeting of foreign 
                            military sales program.
Sec. 1286. Training program for relevant officials and staff of the 
                            Defense Security Cooperation Agency.
Sec. 1287. Definitions.
                 Subtitle J--Matters Relating to Burma

Sec. 1291. Limitation on security assistance and security cooperation.
Sec. 1292. Imposition of existing and additional sanctions for the 
                            violation of human rights and the 
                            commission of human rights abuses in Burma.
Sec. 1293. Guidance relating to the mining sector of Burma.
Sec. 1294. Report and determination on accountability for war crimes, 
                            crimes against humanity, and genocide in 
                            Burma.
Sec. 1295. Definitions.
        Subtitle K--Saudi Arabia Human Rights and Accountability

Sec. 1296. Report on intelligence community assessment relating to the 
                            killing of Washington Post columnist Jamal 
                            Khashoggi.
Sec. 1296A. Sanctions with respect to foreign persons that engage in 
                            activities described in section 1281(a)(2).
Sec. 1296B. Report on Saudi Arabia's human rights record.
              Subtitle L--Stop Financing of Al-Shabaab Act

Sec. 1297. Short Title.
Sec. 1297A. Sense of Congress and statement of policy.
Sec. 1297B. Report.
                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Funding allocations.
Sec. 1302. Specification of cooperative threat reduction funds.
Sec. 1303. Funding for cooperative biological engagement program.
Sec. 1304. Cooperative Threat Reduction Program enhancement.
                    TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                     Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical agents and munitions destruction, defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1405. Defense health program.
Sec. 1406. National defense sealift fund.
                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 1411. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
                            Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs 
                            medical facility demonstration fund for 
                            Captain James A. Lovell Health Care Center, 
                            Illinois.
Sec. 1412. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
                            Home.
   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose.
Sec. 1502. Procurement.
Sec. 1503. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1504. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1505. Military personnel.
Sec. 1506. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1507. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1508. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1509. Defense Health Program.
                     Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1511. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1512. Special transfer authority.
                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1521. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.
     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. National Security Space Launch program.
Sec. 1602. Preparation to implement plan for use of allied launch 
                            vehicles.
Sec. 1603. Annual determination on plan on full integration and 
                            exploitation of overhead persistent 
                            infrared capability.
Sec. 1604. Space-based environmental monitoring mission requirements.
Sec. 1605. Prototype program for multi-global navigation satellite 
                            system receiver development.
Sec. 1606. Commercial space situational awareness capabilities.
Sec. 1607. Independent study on plan for deterrence in space.
Sec. 1608. Resilient enterprise ground architecture.
Sec. 1609. Demonstration of backup and complementary positioning, 
                            navigation, and timing capabilities of 
                            global positioning system.
Sec. 1610. Report on space debris.
Sec. 1610A. Study on leveraging diverse commercial satellite remote 
                            sensing capabilities.
  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1611. Modifications to ISR Integration Council and annual briefing 
                            requirements.
Sec. 1612. Survey and report on alignment of intelligence collections 
                            capabilities and activities with Department 
                            of Defense requirements.
Sec. 1613. Modification of annual authorization of appropriations for 
                            National Flagship Language Initiative.
Sec. 1614. Intelligence assessment of relationship between women and 
                            violent extremism.
Sec. 1615. Funding for Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency.
Sec. 1616. Report on potential Defense Intelligence Polygraph 
                            Examination Military Transition Program.
                 Subtitle C--Cyberspace-Related Matters

Sec. 1621. Notification requirements for sensitive military cyber 
                            operations.
Sec. 1622. Quarterly cyber operations briefings.
Sec. 1623. Cyber posture review.
Sec. 1624. Tier 1 exercise of support to civil authorities for a cyber 
                            incident.
Sec. 1625. Evaluation of cyber vulnerabilities of major weapon systems 
                            of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1626. Extension of the Cyberspace Solarium Commission.
Sec. 1627. Authority to use operation and maintenance funds for cyber 
                            operations-peculiar capability development 
                            projects.
Sec. 1628. Notification of delegation of authorities to the Secretary 
                            of Defense for military operations in 
                            cyberspace.
Sec. 1629. Limitation of funding for Consolidated Afloat Networks and 
                            Enterprise Services.
Sec. 1630. Annual military cyberspace operations report.
Sec. 1631. Report on synchronization of efforts relating to 
                            cybersecurity in the Defense Industrial 
                            Base.
Sec. 1632. Briefings on the status of the National Security Agency and 
                            United States Cyber Command partnership.
Sec. 1633. Modification of cyber scholarship program.
Sec. 1634. Report on cybersecurity training programs.
Sec. 1635. National Security Presidential Memorandums relating to 
                            Department of Defense operations in 
                            cyberspace.
Sec. 1636. Cybersecurity Defense Academy pilot program.
                       Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1641. Improvement to annual report on the modernization of the 
                            nuclear weapons enterprise.
Sec. 1642. Briefings on meetings held by the Nuclear Weapons Council.
Sec. 1643. Elimination of conventional requirement for long-range 
                            standoff weapon.
Sec. 1644. Extension of annual briefing on the costs of forward-
                            deploying nuclear weapons in Europe.
Sec. 1645. Ten-year extension of prohibition on availability of funds 
                            for mobile variant of ground-based 
                            strategic deterrent missile.
Sec. 1646. Prohibition on availability of funds for deployment of low-
                            yield ballistic missile warhead.
Sec. 1647. Report on military-to-military dialogue to reduce the risk 
                            of miscalculation leading to nuclear war.
Sec. 1648. Plan on nuclear command, control, and communications 
                            systems.
Sec. 1649. Independent study on policy of no-first-use of nuclear 
                            weapons.
Sec. 1650. Independent study on risks of nuclear terrorism and nuclear 
                            war.
Sec. 1651. Consideration of budget matters at meetings of Nuclear 
                            Weapons Council.
Sec. 1652. Report on nuclear forces of the United States and near-peer 
                            countries.
                  Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1661. National missile defense policy.
Sec. 1662. Development of hypersonic and ballistic missile tracking 
                            space sensor payload.
Sec. 1663. Requirement for testing of redesigned kill vehicle prior to 
                            production.
Sec. 1664. Development of space-based ballistic missile intercept 
                            layer.
Sec. 1665. Organization, authorities, and billets of the Missile 
                            Defense Agency.
Sec. 1666. Missile defense interceptor site in contiguous United 
                            States.
Sec. 1667. Missile defense radar in Hawaii.
Sec. 1668. Limitation on availability of funds for lower tier air and 
                            missile sensor.
Sec. 1669. Command and control, battle management, and communications 
                            program.
Sec. 1670. Annual assessment of ballistic missile defense system.
Sec. 1671. Modifications to required testing by missile defense agency 
                            of ground-based midcourse defense element 
                            of ballistic missile defense system.
Sec. 1672. Independent study on impacts of missile defense development 
                            and deployment.
Sec. 1673. Report and briefing on multi-object kill vehicle.
                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1681. Modification to reports on certain solid rocket motors.
Sec. 1682. Repeal of review requirement for ammonium perchlorate 
                            report.
Sec. 1683. Repeal of requirement for commission on electromagnetic 
                            pulse attacks and similar events.
Sec. 1684. Conventional prompt global strike weapon system.
 TITLE XVII--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO FOREIGN TRAFFICKERS OF ILLICIT 
                           SYNTHETIC OPIOIDS

Sec. 1701. Short title.
Sec. 1702. Findings.
Sec. 1703. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 1704. Definitions.
    Subtitle A--Sanctions With Respect to Foreign Opioid Traffickers

Sec. 1711. Identification of foreign opioid traffickers.
Sec. 1712. Sense of Congress on international opioid control regime.
Sec. 1713. Imposition of sanctions.
Sec. 1714. Description of sanctions.
Sec. 1715. Waivers.
Sec. 1716. Procedures for judicial review of classified information.
Sec. 1717. Briefings on implementation.
Sec. 1718. Inclusion of additional material in International Narcotics 
                            Control Strategy Report.
    Subtitle B--Commission on Combating Synthetic Opioid Trafficking

Sec. 1721. Commission on combating synthetic opioid trafficking.
                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1731. Director of National Intelligence program on use of 
                            intelligence resources in efforts to 
                            sanction foreign opioid traffickers.
Sec. 1732. Department of Defense operations and activities.
Sec. 1733. Termination.
Sec. 1734. Exception relating to importation of goods.
Sec. 1735. Appropriate committees of Congress defined.
Sec. 1736. Funding.
            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
                            specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.
                 TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2019 projects.
                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
Sec. 2205. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2017 project.
              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authorities to carry out phased Joint 
                            Intelligence Analysis Complex 
                            consolidation.
Sec. 2306. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2016 project.
Sec. 2307. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2017 project.
Sec. 2308. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2018 projects.
Sec. 2309. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2019 projects.
           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized energy resiliency and energy conservation 
                            projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
                   TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

  Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.
             Subtitle B--Host Country In-Kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.
            TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve 
                            construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.
Sec. 2607. Review and report on construction of new, or maintenance of 
                            existing, direct fuel pipeline connections 
                            at Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve 
                            installations.
          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
                            closure activities funded through 
                            Department of Defense base closure account.
         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--Military Construction Program Changes

Sec. 2801. Prohibition on use of military construction funds for 
                            construction of a wall, fence, or other 
                            physical barrier along the southern border 
                            of the United States.
Sec. 2802. Modification and clarification of construction authority in 
                            the event of a declaration of war or 
                            national emergency.
Sec. 2803. Inclusion of information regarding military installation 
                            resilience in master plans for major 
                            military installations.
Sec. 2804. Improved consultation with tribal governments when proposed 
                            military construction projects potentially 
                            impact Indian tribes.
Sec. 2805. Amendment of Unified Facilities Criteria to promote military 
                            installation resilience, energy resilience, 
                            energy and climate resiliency, and cyber 
                            resilience.
Sec. 2806. Modification to Department of Defense Form 1391 regarding 
                            consideration of potential long-term 
                            adverse environmental effects.
Sec. 2807. Improved flood risk disclosure for military construction.
Sec. 2808. Technical corrections and improvements to defense access 
                            road resilience.
              Subtitle B--Military Family Housing Reforms

Sec. 2811. Enhanced protections for members of the Armed Forces and 
                            their dependents residing in privatized 
                            military housing units.
Sec. 2812. Prohibition on use of nondisclosure agreements in connection 
                            with leases of military housing constructed 
                            or acquired using alternative authority for 
                            acquisition and improvement of military 
                            housing.
Sec. 2813. Authority to furnish certain services in connection with use 
                            of alternative authority for acquisition 
                            and improvement of military housing.
Sec. 2814. Modification to requirements for window fall prevention 
                            devices in military family housing units.
Sec. 2815. Assessment of hazards in Department of Defense housing.
Sec. 2816. Development of process to identify and address environmental 
                            health hazards in Department of Defense 
                            housing.
Sec. 2817.  Report on civilian personnel shortages for appropriate 
                            oversight of management of military housing 
                            constructed or acquired using alternative 
                            authority for acquisition and improvement 
                            of military housing.
Sec. 2818. Inspector General review of Department of Defense oversight 
                            of privatized military housing.
Sec. 2819. Department of Defense inspection authority regarding 
                            privatized military housing.
Sec. 2820. Improvement of privatized military housing.
Sec. 2821. Installation of carbon monoxide detectors in military family 
                            housing.
Sec. 2822. Lead-based paint testing and reporting.
Sec. 2823. Pilot program to build and monitor use of single family 
                            homes.
Sec. 2824. Investigation of reports of reprisals relating to privatized 
                            military housing and treatment as material 
                            breach.
        Subtitle C--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2831. Improved energy security for main operating bases in Europe.
Sec. 2832. Access to Department of Defense facilities for credentialed 
                            transportation workers.
Sec. 2833. Report on encroachment challenges on military installations 
                            posed by non-military aircraft.
Sec. 2834. Report on capacity of Department of Defense to provide 
                            survivors of natural disasters with 
                            emergency short-term housing.
Sec. 2835. Improved recording and maintaining of Department of Defense 
                            real property data.
Sec. 2836. Continued Department of Defense use of heating, ventilation, 
                            and air conditioning systems utilizing 
                            variable refrigerant flow.
Sec. 2837. Report on Department of Defense use of intergovernmental 
                            support agreements.
                      Subtitle D--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2841. Land conveyance, Hill Air Force Base, Utah.
Sec. 2842. Release of conditions and reversionary interest, Camp Joseph 
                            T. Robinson, Arkansas.
Sec. 2843. Modification of authorized uses of certain property conveyed 
                            by the United States in Los Angeles, 
                            California.
                 Subtitle E--Military Land Withdrawals

Sec. 2851. Public notice regarding upcoming periods of Secretary of the 
                            Navy management of Shared Use Area of the 
                            Johnson Valley Off-Highway Vehicle 
                            Recreation Area.
  Subtitle F--White Sands National Park and White Sands Missile Range

Sec. 2861. Short title.
Sec. 2862. Definitions.
Sec. 2863. Findings.
Sec. 2864. Establishment of White Sands National Park in the State of 
                            New Mexico.
Sec. 2865. Transfers of administrative jurisdiction related to the 
                            National Park and White Sands Missile 
                            Range.
Sec. 2866. Boundary modifications related to the National Park and 
                            Missile Range.
                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 2871. Installation and maintenance of fire extinguishers in 
                            Department of Defense facilities.
Sec. 2872. Definition of community infrastructure for purposes of 
                            military base reuse studies and community 
                            planning assistance.
Sec. 2873. Report on vulnerabilities from sea level rise to certain 
                            military installations located outside the 
                            continental United States.
Sec. 2874. Black start exercises at Joint Bases.
Sec. 2875. Report on projects awaiting approval from the Realty 
                            Governance Board.
Sec. 2876. Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians Land Affirmation.
Sec. 2877. Report on lead service lines at military installations.
Sec. 2878. Renaming of Lejeune High School in honor of Congressman 
                            Walter B. Jones.
Sec. 2879. Operation, maintenance, and preservation of Mare Island 
                            Naval Cemetery, Vallejo, California.
Sec. 2880. Restrictions on rehabilitation of Over-the-Horizon 
                            Backscatter Radar System receiving station, 
                            Modoc County, California.
   TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2901. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2903. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2904. Authorized defense agencies construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2905. Authorization of appropriations.
      TITLE XXX--AUTHORIZATION OF EMERGENCY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 3001. Authorization of emergency Navy construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 3002. Authorization of emergency Air Force construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 3003. Authorization of emergency Army National Guard and Army 
                            Reserve construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

      TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

       Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.
  Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, Limitations, and 
                             Other Matters

Sec. 3111. Personnel levels of the Office of the Administrator for 
                            Nuclear Security.
Sec. 3112. Office of Cost Estimating and Program Evaluation.
Sec. 3113. Clarification of certain Stockpile Responsiveness Program 
                            objectives.
Sec. 3114. Modification to plutonium pit production capacity.
Sec. 3115. Annual certification of shipments to Waste Isolation Pilot 
                            Plant.
Sec. 3116. Repeal of limitation on availability of funds for 
                            acceleration of nuclear weapons 
                            dismantlement.
Sec. 3117. Elimination of limitation on availability of funds relating 
                            to submission of annual reports on unfunded 
                            priorities.
Sec. 3118. Program for research and development of advanced naval 
                            nuclear fuel system based on low-enriched 
                            uranium.
Sec. 3119. Replacement of W78 warhead.
Sec. 3120. National Laboratory Jobs Access Program.
Sec. 3121. Independent review of plans and capabilities for nuclear 
                            verification, detection, and monitoring of 
                            nuclear weapons and fissile material.
Sec. 3122. Funding for low-enriched uranium research and development.
Sec. 3123. Availability of amounts for denuclearization of Democratic 
                            People's Republic of North Korea.
Sec. 3124. Accounting practices of National Nuclear Security 
                            Administration facilities.
Sec. 3125. Funding for inertial confinement fusion ignition and high 
                            yield program.
Sec. 3126. Improvements to Energy Employees Occupational Illness 
                            Compensation Program Act of 2000.
Sec. 3127. Civil penalties for violations of certain whistleblower 
                            protections.
Sec. 3128. Limitation relating to reclassification of high-level waste.
          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.
Sec. 3202. Improvements to Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.
                 TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.
                      TITLE XXXV--MARITIME MATTERS

                  Subtitle A--Maritime Administration

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Reauthorization of Maritime Security Program.
Sec. 3503. Maritime Occupational Safety and Health Advisory Committee.
Sec. 3504. Military to mariner program.
                   Subtitle B--Tanker Security Fleet

Sec. 3511. Tanker Security Fleet.
                    Subtitle C--Cable Security Fleet

Sec. 3521. Establishment of Cable Security Fleet.
                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.
                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.
        TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
                            contingency operations.
                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
                            operations.
                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.
                    TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.
                   TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.
      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.

SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.

    In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, United 
States Code.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 
for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, the Air 
Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in the funding table 
in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Navy Programs

SEC. 111. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL REPORT ON COST TARGETS FOR CERTAIN 
              AIRCRAFT CARRIERS.

    Section 126(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2035) is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``and CVN-80'' 
        and inserting ``, CVN-80, and CVN-81'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``costs described in 
        subsection (b) for the CVN-79 and CVN-80'' and inserting ``cost 
        targets for the CVN-79, the CVN-80, and the CVN-81''; and
            (3) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking `` and the CVN-80'' and inserting ``, the CVN-
                80, and the CVN-81''
                    (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``costs 
                described in subsection (b)'' and inserting ``cost 
                targets'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``costs 
                specified in subsection (b)'' and inserting ``cost 
                targets''; and
                    (D) in subparagraph (G), by striking ``costs 
                specified in subsection (b)'' and inserting ``cost 
                targets''.

SEC. 112. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT TO ADHERE TO NAVY COST ESTIMATES FOR 
              CERTAIN AIRCRAFT CARRIERS.

    Section 122 of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 2104), as most 
recently amended by section 121(a) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 
1309), is repealed.

SEC. 113. FORD CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIER SUPPORT FOR F-35C AIRCRAFT.

    Before accepting delivery of the Ford class aircraft carrier 
designated CVN-79, the Secretary of the Navy shall ensure that the 
aircraft carrier is capable of operating and deploying with the F-35C 
aircraft.

SEC. 114. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR REDUCTION OF AIRCRAFT CARRIER 
              FORCE STRUCTURE.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Department of 
Defense may be obligated or expended to reduce the number of 
operational aircraft carriers of the Navy below the number specified in 
section 8062(b) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 115. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF AMPHIBIOUS TRANSPORT DOCK 
              DESIGNATED LPD-31.

    (a) In General.--Using funds authorized to be appropriated for the 
Department of Defense for Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, the 
Secretary of the Navy may enter into a contract, beginning with the 
fiscal year 2020 program year, for the design and construction of the 
amphibious transport dock designated LPD-31.
    (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the contract 
entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary may use incremental 
funding to make payments under the contract.
    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--The contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under such contract for any fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2020 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such later fiscal year.

SEC. 116. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS PENDING QUARTERLY UPDATES 
              ON THE CH-53K KING STALLION HELICOPTER PROGRAM.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for aircraft 
procurement, Navy, for the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter program, not 
more than 50 percent may be obligated or expended until a period of 30 
days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of the Navy 
provides the first briefing required under subsection (b).
    (b) Quarterly Briefings Required.--
            (1) In general.--Beginning not later than October 1, 2019, 
        and on a quarterly basis thereafter through October 1, 2022, 
        the Secretary of the Navy shall provide to the Committee on 
        Armed Services of the House of Representatives a briefing on 
        the progress of the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter program.
            (2) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) shall 
        include, with respect to the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter 
        program, the following:
                    (A) An overview of the program schedule.
                    (B) A statement of the total cost of the program as 
                of the date of the briefing, including the costs of 
                development, testing, and production.
                    (C) A comparison of the total cost of the program 
                relative to the approved acquisition program baseline.
                    (D) An assessment of flight testing under the 
                program, including identification of the number of test 
                events have been conducted on-time in accordance with 
                the joint integrated program schedule.
                    (E) An update on the correction of technical 
                deficiencies under the program, including--
                            (i) identification of the technical 
                        deficiencies that have been corrected as of the 
                        date of the briefing;
                            (ii) identification of the technical 
                        deficiencies that have been discovered, but not 
                        corrected, as of such date;
                            (iii) an estimate of the total cost of 
                        correcting technical deficiencies under the 
                        program; and
                            (iv) an explanation of any significant 
                        deviations from the testing and program 
                        schedule that are anticipated due to the 
                        discovery and correction of technical 
                        deficiencies.

SEC. 117. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR VH-92A HELICOPTER.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for procurement 
for the VH-92A helicopter, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or 
expended until the date on which the Secretary of Navy submits to the 
Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives the report 
required under subsection (b).
    (b) Report Required.--The Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives a report 
assessing the status of the VH-92A helicopter program industrial base 
and the potential impact of proposed manufacturing base changes on the 
acquisition program. The report shall include a description of--
            (1) estimated effects on the manufacturing readiness level 
        of the VH-92 program due to planned changes to the program 
        manufacturing base;
            (2) the estimated costs and assessment of cost risk to the 
        program due to planned changes to the program manufacturing 
        base;
            (3) any estimated schedule impacts, including impacts on 
        delivery dates for the remaining low-rate initial production 
        lots and full rate production, resulting from changes to the 
        manufacturing base;
            (4) an assessment of the effect of changes to the 
        manufacturing base on VH-92A sustainment; and
            (5) the impact of such changes on production and 
        sustainment capacity for the MH-60 and CH-53K helicopters of 
        the Navy.

SEC. 118. NATIONAL DEFENSE RESERVE FLEET VESSEL.

    (a) In General.--Subject to the availability of appropriations, the 
Secretary of the Navy, acting through the executive agent described in 
subsection (e), shall seek to enter into a contract for the 
construction of one sealift vessel for the National Defense Reserve 
Fleet.
    (b) Delivery Date.--The contract entered into under subsection (a) 
shall specify a delivery date for the sealift vessel of not later than 
September 30, 2026.
    (c) Design and Construction Requirements.--
            (1) Use of existing design.--The design of the sealift 
        vessel shall be based on a domestic or foreign design that 
        exists as of the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Commercial standards and practices.--Subject to 
        paragraph (1), the sealift vessel shall be constructed using 
        commercial design standards and commercial construction 
        practices that are consistent with the best interests of the 
        Federal Government.
            (3) Domestic shipyard.--The sealift vessel shall be 
        constructed in a shipyard that is located in the United States.
    (d) Certificate and Endorsement.--The sealift vessel shall meet the 
requirements necessary to receive a certificate of documentation and a 
coastwise endorsement under chapter 121 of tile 46, United States Code, 
and the Secretary of the Navy shall ensure that the completed vessel 
receives such a certificate and endorsement.
    (e) Executive Agent.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy shall seek to 
        enter into a contract or other agreement with a private-sector 
        entity under which the entity shall act as executive agent for 
        the Secretary for purposes of the contract under subsection 
        (a).
            (2) Responsibilities.--The executive agent described in 
        paragraph (1) shall be responsible for--
                    (A) selecting a shipyard for the construction of 
                the sealift vessel;
                    (B) managing and overseeing the construction of the 
                sealift vessel; and
                    (C) such other matters as the Secretary of the Navy 
                determines to be appropriate
    (f) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the contract 
entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary of the Navy may use 
incremental funding to make payments under the contract.
    (g) Sealift Vessel Defined.--In this section, the term ``sealift 
vessel'' means the sealift vessel constructed for the National Defense 
Reserve Fleet pursuant to the contract entered into under subsection 
(a).

SEC. 119. REPORT ON PLANS TO SUPPORT AND MAINTAIN AIRCRAFT AT MARINE 
              CORPS AIR STATIONS.

    (a) Report Required.--No later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the plans of the Secretary 
to support and maintain aircraft assigned to Marine Corps air stations 
that are transitioning from the F-18 Hornet aircraft to the F-35 
Lightning aircraft.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include--
            (1) the number and composition of squadrons assigned to 
        each air station;
            (2) the support and maintenance workforce, including 
        uniformed military, civilian, and contract personnel; and
            (3) the construction of aircraft and support facilities 
        associated with the beddown of F-35 aircraft at each air 
        station.

                     Subtitle C--Air Force Programs

SEC. 121. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENT TO PRESERVE CERTAIN C-5 AIRCRAFT.

    Section 141(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1661) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``until the date that is 
        30 days after the date on which the briefing under section 
        144(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2018 is provided to the congressional defense 
        committees''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``can be returned to 
        service'' and inserting ``is inducted into or maintained in 
        type 1000 recallable storage''.

SEC. 122. MODIFICATION OF LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR KC-46A 
              AIRCRAFT.

    Section 146(a)(1) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is amended 
by striking ``the military type certification'' and inserting ``either 
the military type certification or a military flight release''.

SEC. 123. F-15EX AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    (a) Designation of Major Subprogram.--In accordance with section 
2430a of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall 
designate the F-15EX program as a major subprogram of the F-15 aircraft 
program.
    (b) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (c), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force may be obligated or 
expended to procure an F-15EX aircraft until a period of 30 days has 
elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force 
submits to the congressional defense committees the following 
documentation relating to the F-15EX program:
            (1) A program acquisition strategy.
            (2) An acquisition program baseline.
            (3) A test and evaluation master plan.
            (4) A life-cycle sustainment plan.
            (5) A post-production fielding strategy.
    (c) Exception for Production of Prototypes.--
            (1) In general.--Notwithstanding subsection (b), the 
        Secretary of the Air Force may use the funds described in 
        paragraph (2) to develop, produce, and test not more than two 
        prototypes of the F-15EX aircraft.
            (2) Funds described.--The funds described in this paragraph 
        are funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
        otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force 
        for any of the following:
                    (A) Research and development, nonrecurring 
                engineering.
                    (B) Aircraft procurement.
    (d) F-15EX Program Defined.--In this section, the term ``F-15EX 
program'' means the F-15EX aircraft program of the Air Force as 
described in the materials submitted to Congress by the Secretary of 
Defense in support of the budget of the President for fiscal year 2020 
(as submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, United 
States Code).

SEC. 124. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR REDUCTION IN KC-10 
              PRIMARY MISSION AIRCRAFT INVENTORY.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force may be 
obligated or expended to reduce the number of KC-10 aircraft in the 
primary mission aircraft inventory of the Air Force.

SEC. 125. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR VC-25B AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 or any 
subsequent fiscal year for the Air Force may be obligated or expended 
to carry out over-and-above work on the VC-25B aircraft until the date 
on which the Secretary of the Air Force certifies to the congressional 
defense committees that--
            (1) with respect to work relating to aircraft paint scheme, 
        interiors and livery, such work will not result in changes to 
        the VC-25B aircraft that cause the aircraft to exceed--
                    (A) the specification requirements applicable to 
                the VC-25A aircraft; or
                    (B) the quality or grade of the VC-25A aircraft;
            (2) the livery for the VC-25B aircraft will comply with the 
        criteria set forth in the report of the Boeing Company titled 
        ``Phase II Aircraft Livery and Paint Study Final Report'' as 
        submitted to the Federal Government in April 2017;
            (3) such work is not a result of late design changes made 
        by the Federal Government to the interior design of the VC-25B 
        aircraft; and
            (4) such work is not a result of rework that exceeds the 
        criteria set forth in the report of the Boeing Company titled 
        ``Presidential Quality Interior Acceptance Standards Report'' 
        as submitted to the Federal Government in September 2018.
    (b) Over-and-above Work Defined.--In this section, the term ``over-
and-above work'' means work discovered during the course of performing 
overhaul, maintenance, or repair efforts that--
            (1) is within the general scope of the contract pursuant to 
        which such efforts are carried out;
            (2) is not covered by a line item for the basic work under 
        the contract; and
            (3) is necessary in order to satisfactorily complete the 
        contract.

SEC. 126. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF RC-135 
              AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force may be obligated or 
expended to retire, or prepare to retire, any RC-135 aircraft until a 
period of 60 days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary 
of Defense certifies to the congressional defense committees that--
            (1) technologies other than the RC-135 aircraft provide 
        capacity and capabilities equivalent to the capacity and 
        capabilities of the RC-135 aircraft; and
            (2) the capacity and capabilities of such other 
        technologies meet the requirements of combatant commanders with 
        respect to indications and warning, intelligence preparation of 
        the operational environment, and direct support for kinetic and 
        nonkinetic operations.
    (b) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not apply to 
individual RC-135 aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force 
determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no longer mission capable 
because of mishaps, other damage, or being uneconomical to repair.

SEC. 127. REPORT ON AIRCRAFT FLEET OF THE CIVIL AIR PATROL.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the aircraft fleet of the 
Civil Air Patrol.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
an assessment of each of the following:
            (1) Whether the number of aircraft, types of aircraft, and 
        operating locations that comprise the Civil Air Patrol fleet 
        are suitable for the missions and responsibilities assigned to 
        the Civil Air Patrol, including--
                    (A) flight proficiency and training;
                    (B) operational mission training; and
                    (C) support for cadet orientation and cadet flight 
                training programs in the Civil Air Patrol wing of each 
                State.
            (2) The ideal overall size of the Civil Air Patrol aircraft 
        fleet, including a description of the factors used to determine 
        that ideal size.
            (3) The process used by the Civil Air Patrol and the Air 
        Force to determine the number and location of aircraft 
        operating locations and whether State Civil Air Patrol wing 
        commanders are appropriately involved in that process.
            (4) The process used by the Civil Air Patrol, the Air 
        Force, and other relevant entities to determine the type and 
        number of aircraft that are needed to support the emergency, 
        operational, and training missions of the Civil Air Patrol.

SEC. 128. INCREASE IN FUNDING FOR RC-135 AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Increase for RC-135.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in 
the funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be 
appropriated in section 101 for procurement, as specified in the 
corresponding funding table in section 4101, for Aircraft Procurement, 
Air Force, other aircraft, RC-135, line 055 is hereby increased by 
$171,000,000.
    (b) Increase for DARP RC-135.--Notwithstanding the amounts set 
forth in the funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be 
appropriated in section 101 for procurement, as specified in the 
corresponding funding table in section 4101, for other procurement, Air 
Force, special support projects, DARP RC135, line 063 is hereby 
increased by $29,000,000.
    (c) Offsets.--
            (1) Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
        tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated 
        in section 301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in 
        the corresponding funding table in section 4301, for operation 
        and maintenance, Defense-wide, admin & servicewide activities, 
        Defense Contract Management Agency, line 200 is hereby reduced 
        by $25,000,000.
            (2) Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
        tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated 
        in section 301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in 
        the corresponding funding table in section 4301, for operation 
        and maintenance, Defense-wide, admin & servicewide activities, 
        Office of the Secretary of Defense, line 460 is hereby reduced 
        by $25,000,000.
            (3) Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
        tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated 
        in section 101 for procurement, as specified in the 
        corresponding funding table in section 4101, for Aircraft 
        Procurement, Air Force, Initial Spares/Repair Parts, line 069 
        is hereby reduced by $40,000,000.
            (4) Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
        tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated 
        in section 101 for procurement, as specified in the 
        corresponding funding table in section 4101, for Aircraft 
        Procurement, Air Force, Other Production Charges, line 088 is 
        hereby reduced by $33,000,000.
            (5) Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
        tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated 
        in section 101 for procurement, as specified in the 
        corresponding funding table in section 4101, for Aircraft 
        Procurement, Air Force, Flares, line 015 is hereby reduced by 
        $14,000,000.
            (6) Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
        tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated 
        in section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, 
        as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 
        4201, for Research, Development, Test & Evaluation, Air Force, 
        Acq Workforce-Global Vigilance and Combat Systems, line 130 is 
        hereby reduced by $25,000,000.
            (7) Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
        tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated 
        in section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, 
        as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 
        4201, for Research, Development, Test & Evaluation, Air Force, 
        Acq Workforce-Global Battle Management, line 133 is hereby 
        reduced by $16,000,000.
            (8) Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
        tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated 
        in section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, 
        as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 
        4201, for Research, Development, Test & Evaluation, Air Force, 
        Acq Workforce-Capability Integration, line 134 is hereby 
        reduced by $22,000,000.

SEC. 129. PROVISIONS RELATING TO RC-26B MANNED INTELLIGENCE, 
              SURVEILLANCE, AND RECONNAISSANCE AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Limitation of Funds.--None of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
2020 for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to retire, divest, 
realign, or place in storage or on backup aircraft inventory status, or 
prepare to retire, divest, realign, or place in storage or on backup 
aircraft inventory status, any RC-26B aircraft until a period of 60 
days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of Defense 
certifies to the congressional defense committees that--
            (1) technologies or platforms other than the RC-26B 
        aircraft provide capacity and capabilities equivalent to the 
        capacity and capabilities of the RC-26B aircraft; and
            (2) the capacity and capabilities of such other 
        technologies or platforms meet the requirements of combatant 
        commanders with respect to indications and warning, 
        intelligence preparation of the operational environment, and 
        direct support for kinetic and non-kinetic operations.
    (b) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not apply to 
individual RC-26 aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force 
determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no longer mission capable 
because of mishaps or other damage.
    (c) Funding for RC-26B Manned Intelligence, Surveillance, and 
Reconnaissance Platform.--
            (1) Of the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 
        301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in the 
        corresponding funding table in 4301, for operation and 
        maintenance, Air National Guard, the Secretary of the Air Force 
        may transfer up to $15,000,000 for the purposes of the RC-26B 
        manned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance platform.
            (2) Of the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 
        421 for military personnel, as specified in the corresponding 
        funding table in 4401, the Secretary of the Air Force may 
        transfer up to $16,000,000 from military personnel, Air 
        National Guard for personnel who operate and maintain the RC-
        26B manned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
        platform.
    (d) Memorandum of Agreement.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
of law, the Chief of the National Guard Bureau may enter into one or 
more Memorandum of Agreement with other Federal entities for the 
purposes of assisting with the missions and activities of such 
entities.
    (e) Air Force Report.--Not later than 90 days after enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to congressional 
defense committees a report detailing the manner in which the Secretary 
would provide manned and unmanned intelligence, surveillance, and 
reconnaissance mission support or manned and unmanned incident 
awareness and assessment mission support to military and non-military 
entities in the event the RC-26B is divested. The Secretary shall 
include a determination regarding whether or not this support would be 
commensurate with that which the RC-26B is able to provide. The 
Secretary, in consultation with the Chief of the National Guard Bureau 
shall also contact and survey the support requirements of other Federal 
agencies and provide an assessment for potential opportunities to enter 
into one or more Memorandum of Agreements with such agencies for the 
purposes of assisting with the missions and activities of such 
entities, such as domestic or, subject to legal authorities, foreign 
operations, including but not limited to situational awareness, damage 
assessment, evacuation monitoring, search and rescue, chemical, 
biological, radiological, and nuclear assessment, hydrographic survey, 
dynamic ground coordination, and cyberspace incident response.

SEC. 130. AIR FORCE AGGRESSOR SQUADRON MODERNIZATION.

    (a) Sense of the House of Representatives.--It is the sense of the 
House of Representatives that--
            (1) it is critical that the Air Force has the capability to 
        train against an advanced air adversary in order to be prepared 
        for conflicts against a modern enemy force;
            (2) in order to have this capability, Air Force must have 
        access to an advanced adversary force prior to United States 
        adversaries fielding a 5th-generation operational capability; 
        and
            (3) the Air Force's plan to use low-rate initial production 
        F-35As as aggressor aircraft reflects a recognition of the need 
        to field a modernized aggressor fleet.
    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--No later than 6 months prior to the 
        transfer of any low-rate initial production F-35 aircraft for 
        use as aggressor aircraft, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force 
        shall submit to the congressional defense committees, and the 
        Member of Congress and the Senators who represent bases from 
        where aircraft may be transferred, a comprehensive plan and 
        report on the strategy for modernizing the organic aggressor 
        fleet.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following elements:
                    (A) Potential locations for F-35A aggressor 
                aircraft, including an analysis of installations that--
                            (i) have the size and availability of 
                        airspace necessary to meet flying operations 
                        requirements;
                            (ii) have sufficient capacity and 
                        availability of range space;
                            (iii) are capable of hosting advanced-
                        threat training exercises; and
                            (iv) meet or require minimal addition to 
                        the environmental requirements associated with 
                        the basing action.
                    (B) An analysis of the potential cost and benefits 
                of expanding aggressor squadrons currently operating 18 
                Primary Assigned Aircraft (PAA) to a level of 24 PAA 
                each.
                    (C) An analysis of the cost and timelines 
                associated with modernizing the current Air Force 
                aggressor squadrons to include upgrading aircraft's 
                radar, infrared search-and-track systems, radar warning 
                receiver, tactical datalink, threat-representative 
                jamming pods, and other upgrades necessary to provide a 
                realistic advanced adversary threat.
                    (D) Any costs associated with moving the aircraft.
                    (E) Any jobs on the relevant military installation 
                that may be affected by said changes.

SEC. 130A. OPEN SKIES TREATY AIRCRAFT RECAPITALIZATION PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall ensure that 
any Request for Proposals for the procurement of an OC-135B aircraft 
under the Open Skies Treaty aircraft recapitalization program meets the 
requirements for full and open competition as set forth in section 2304 
of title 10, United States Code, and incorporates a full competitive 
bidding process, to include both new production aircraft and recently 
manufactured low-hour, low-cycle aircraft
    (b) Open Skies Treaty Defined.--The term ``Open Skies Treaty'' 
means the Treaty on Open Skies, done at Helsinki March 24, 1992, and 
entered into force January 1, 2002.

       Subtitle D--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

SEC. 131. ECONOMIC ORDER QUANTITY CONTRACTING AND BUY-TO-BUDGET 
              ACQUISITION FOR F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    (a) Economic Order Quantity Contract Authority.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraphs (2) through (5), 
        from amounts made available for obligation under the F-35 
        aircraft program for fiscal year 2020, the Secretary of Defense 
        may enter into one or more contracts, beginning with the fiscal 
        year 2020 program year, for the procurement of economic order 
        quantities of material and equipment that has completed formal 
        hardware qualification testing for the F-35 aircraft program 
        for use in procurement contracts to be awarded for such program 
        during fiscal years 2021, 2022, and 2023.
            (2) Limitation.--The total amount obligated under all 
        contracts entered into under paragraph (1) shall not exceed 
        $574,000,000.
            (3) Preliminary findings.--Before entering into a contract 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall make each 
        of the following findings with respect to such contract:
                    (A) The use of such a contract will result in 
                significant savings of the total anticipated costs of 
                carrying out the program through annual contracts.
                    (B) The minimum need for the property to be 
                procured is expected to remain substantially unchanged 
                during the contemplated contract period in terms of 
                production rate, procurement rate, and total 
                quantities.
                    (C) There is a reasonable expectation that, 
                throughout the contemplated contract period, the 
                Secretary will request funding for the contract at the 
                level required to avoid contract cancellation.
                    (D) That there is a stable, certified, and 
                qualified design for the property to be procured and 
                that the technical risks and redesign risks associated 
                with such property are low.
                    (E) The estimates of both the cost of the contract 
                and the anticipated cost avoidance through the use of 
                an economic order quantity contract are realistic.
                    (F) Entering into the contract will promote the 
                national security interests of the United States.
            (4) Certification requirement.--Except as provided in 
        paragraph (5), the Secretary of Defense may not enter into a 
        contract under paragraph (1) until a period of 30 days has 
        elapsed following the date on which the Secretary certifies to 
        the congressional defense committees, in writing, that each of 
        the following conditions is satisfied:
                    (A) A sufficient number of end items of the system 
                being acquired under such contract have been delivered 
                at or within the most recently available estimates of 
                the program acquisition unit cost or procurement unit 
                cost for such system to determine that the estimates of 
                the unit costs are realistic.
                    (B) During the fiscal year in which such contract 
                is to be awarded, sufficient funds will be available to 
                perform the contract in such fiscal year, and the 
                future-years defense program submitted to Congress 
                under section 221 of title 10, United States Code, for 
                that fiscal year will include the funding required to 
                execute the program without cancellation.
                    (C) The contract is a fixed-price type contract.
                    (D) The proposed contract provides for production 
                at not less than minimum economic rates given the 
                existing tooling and facilities.
                    (E) The Secretary has determined that each of the 
                conditions described in subparagraphs (A) through (F) 
                of paragraph (3) will be met by such contract and has 
                provided the basis for such determination to the 
                congressional defense committees.
                    (F) The determination under subparagraph (E) was 
                made after the completion of a cost analysis performed 
                by the Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
                Evaluation for the purpose of section 2334 of title 10, 
                United States Code, and the analysis supports that 
                determination.
            (5) Exception.--Notwithstanding paragraph (4), the 
        Secretary of Defense may enter into a contract under paragraph 
        (1) on or after March 1, 2020, if--
                    (A) the Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
                Evaluation has not completed a cost analysis of the 
                preliminary findings made by the Secretary under 
                paragraph (3) with respect to the contract;
                    (B) the Secretary certifies to the congressional 
                defense committees, in writing, that each of the 
                conditions described in subparagraphs (A) through (E) 
                of paragraph (4) is satisfied; and
                    (C) a period of 30 days has elapsed following the 
                date on which the Secretary submits the certification 
                under subparagraph (B).
    (b) Buy-to-budget Acquisition.--Subject to section 2308 of title 
10, United States Code, using funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act for the procurement of F-35 aircraft, the Secretary of Defense 
may procure a quantity of F-35 aircraft in excess of the quantity 
authorized by this Act if such additional procurement does not require 
additional funds to be authorized to be appropriated because of 
production efficiencies or other cost reductions.

SEC. 132. PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS FOR THE F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    (a) Designation of Major Subprogram.--In accordance with section 
2430a of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall 
designate F-35 Block 4 as a major subprogram of the F-35 aircraft 
program.
    (b) Cost Estimates.--
            (1) Joint cost estimate.--The Secretary of the Air Force 
        and the Secretary of the Navy shall jointly develop a joint 
        service cost estimate for the life-cycle costs of the F-35 
        aircraft program.
            (2) Independent cost estimate.--The Director of Cost 
        Assessment and Program Evaluation shall develop an independent 
        cost estimate for the life-cycle costs of the F-35 aircraft 
        program.
            (3) Submittal to congress.--The cost estimates required 
        under paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be submitted to the 
        congressional defense committees not later than 180 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Revision of Program Elements.--
            (1) Revision required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        revise the program elements applicable to the F-35 aircraft 
        program as follows:
                    (A) Research and development.--The program element 
                for research and development costs (as that element was 
                specified in the materials submitted to Congress by the 
                Secretary of Defense in support of the budget of the 
                President for fiscal year 2020 (as submitted to 
                Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, United 
                States Code)) shall be separated into the following 
                individual program elements:
                            (i) System development and demonstration 
                        closeout.
                            (ii) F-35 Block 4.
                            (iii) Autonomic logistics information 
                        system development and upgrades.
                            (iv) Dual-capable aircraft.
                            (v) Test infrastructure.
                            (vi) Additional program budget elements, as 
                        required, for each modernization or upgrade 
                        effort initiated after F-35 Block 4.
                    (B) Procurement.--The program element for 
                procurement costs (as that element was specified in the 
                materials submitted to Congress by the Secretary of 
                Defense in support of the budget of the President for 
                fiscal year 2020 (as submitted to Congress under 
                section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code)) shall 
                be separated into the following individual program 
                elements:
                            (i) Recurring fly-away and ancillary 
                        equipment.
                            (ii) Non-recurring fly-away and ancillary 
                        equipment.
                            (iii) F-35 Block 4.
                            (iv) Autonomic logistics information 
                        system.
                            (v) Dual-capable aircraft.
                            (vi) Engineering support.
                            (vii) Aircraft retrofit and modification.
                            (viii) Depot activation.
                            (ix) Initial spares.
                            (x) Production support.
            (2) Inclusion in budget materials.--The Secretary of 
        Defense shall ensure that each revised program element 
        described in paragraph (1) is included, with a specific dollar 
        amount, in the materials relating to the F-35 aircraft program 
        submitted to Congress by the Secretary of Defense in support of 
        the budget of the President (as submitted to Congress under 
        section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code) for fiscal 
        year 2021 and each fiscal year thereafter until the date on 
        which the F-35 aircraft program terminates.
    (d) Comptroller General Reports.--
            (1) Annual report required.--Not later than 30 days after 
        the date on which the budget of the President is submitted to 
        Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, 
        for each of fiscal years 2021 through 2025, the Comptroller 
        General of the United States shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report on the F-35 aircraft program.
            (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include, with respect to the F-35 aircraft program, the 
        following:
                    (A) An assessment of the progress of manufacturing 
                processes improvement under the program.
                    (B) The business case analysis of the Department of 
                Defense for F-35 Block 4 follow-on modernization 
                efforts.
                    (C) The progress and results of F-35 Block 4 and 
                other follow-on modernization development and testing 
                efforts.
                    (D) The Department's schedule for delivering 
                software upgrades in six-month, scheduled increments.
                    (E) The progress and results of any other 
                significant hardware development and fielding efforts 
                necessary for F-35 Block 4.
                    (F) Any other issues the Comptroller General 
                determines to be appropriate.
    (e) F-35 Block 4 Defined.--In this section, the term ``F-35 Block 
4'' means Block 4 capability upgrades for the F-35 aircraft program as 
described in the Selected Acquisition Report for the program submitted 
to Congress in March 2019, pursuant to section 2432 of title 10, United 
States Code.

SEC. 133. REPORTS ON F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    (a) Report on F-35 Reliability and Maintainability Metrics.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the reliability and maintainability metrics for 
the F-35 aircraft. The report shall include the following:
            (1) The results of a review and assessment, conducted by 
        the program office for the F-35 aircraft program, of the 
        reliability and maintainability metrics for the aircraft as set 
        forth in the most recent operational requirements document for 
        the program.
            (2) A determination of whether the reliability and 
        maintainability metrics for the aircraft, as set forth in the 
        most recent operational requirements document for the program, 
        are feasible and attainable, and what changes, if any, will be 
        made to update the metrics.
            (3) A certification that the program office for the F-35 
        aircraft program has revised the reliability and 
        maintainability improvement plan for the aircraft--
                    (A) to identify specific and measurable reliability 
                and maintainability objectives in the improvement plan 
                guidance; and
                    (B) to identify and document which projects 
                included in the improvement plan will achieve the 
                objectives identified under subparagraph (A).
    (b) Report on F-35 Block 4.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a report on F-35 Block 4. 
        The report shall include the following:
                    (A) The results of an independent cost estimate for 
                F-35 Block 4 conducted by the Director of Cost 
                Assessment and Program Evaluation.
                    (B) A test and evaluation master plan, approved by 
                the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, that 
                addresses testing resources, testing aircraft 
                shortfalls, and testing funding.
                    (C) A technology readiness assessment of all 
                technologies and capabilities planned for F-35 Block 4 
                conducted by the Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Research and Engineering.
                    (D) A review of the feasibility of the continuous 
                capability development and delivery strategy for 
                fielding F-35 Block 4 technologies conducted by the 
                Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
                Engineering.
            (2) F-35 block 4 defined.--In this subsection, the term 
        ``F-35 Block 4'' has the meaning given that term in section 
        132(e).
    (c) Report on F-35 Autonomic Logistics Information System.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the autonomic logistics information system of 
the F-35 aircraft. The report shall include a description of each of 
the following:
            (1) All shortfalls, capability gaps, and deficiencies in 
        the system that have been identified as of the date of the 
        enactment of this Act.
            (2) The strategy and performance requirements that will be 
        implemented to improve the system.
            (3) The strategy, implementation plan, schedule, and 
        estimated costs of developing and fielding--
                    (A) the next generation of the system; or
                    (B) future increments of the system.
    (d) Deadline for Submittal.--The reports required under subsections 
(a) through (c) shall be submitted to the congressional defense 
committees not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.

SEC. 134. REQUIREMENT TO SEEK COMPENSATION FOR FAILURE TO DELIVER NON-
              READY-FOR-ISSUE SPARE PARTS FOR THE F-35 AIRCRAFT 
              PROGRAM.

    The Secretary of Defense shall take such action as necessary to 
seek compensation from the contractor for costs related to the failure 
to deliver non-Ready-For-Issue spare parts for the F-35 aircraft 
program as described in described in the report titled ``Audit of F-35 
Ready-For-Issue Spare Parts and Sustainment Performance Incentive 
Fees'' (DODIG-2019-094) issued by the Department of Defense Inspector 
General on June 13, 2019.

SEC. 135. PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR LIGHT ATTACK AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Procurement Authority for Combat Air Advisor Support.--Subject 
to subsection (b), the Commander of the United States Special 
Operations Command may procure light attack aircraft for Combat Air 
Advisor mission support.
    (b) Certification Required.--The Commander of the United States 
Special Operations Command may not procure light attack aircraft under 
subsection (a) until a period of 60 days has elapsed following the date 
on which the Commander certifies to the congressional defense 
committees that a mission capability gap and special-operations-forces-
peculiar acquisition requirement exists which can be mitigated with 
procurement of a light attack aircraft capability.
    (c) Authority to Use or Transfer Funds Made Available for Light 
Attack Aircraft Experiments.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall use 
or transfer amounts authorized to be appropriated by this Act for Light 
Attack Aircraft experiments to procure the required quantity of 
aircraft for--
            (1) Air Combat Command's Air Ground Operations School; and
            (2) Air Force Special Operations Command for Combat Air 
        Advisor mission support in accordance with subsection (a).

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 
4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

SEC. 211. PROGRAM ON ENHANCEMENT OF PREPARATION OF DEPENDENTS OF 
              MEMBERS OF ARMED FORCES FOR CAREERS IN SCIENCE, 
              TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS.

    (a) Program Required.--Chapter 111 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by inserting after section 2192a the following new section:
``Sec. 2192b. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of 
              members of armed forces for careers in science, 
              technology, engineering, and mathematics
    ``(a) Program Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
program to--
            ``(1) enhance the preparation of students at covered 
        schools for careers in science, technology, engineering, and 
        mathematics; and
            ``(2) provide assistance to teachers at covered schools to 
        enhance preparation described in paragraph (1).
    ``(b) Coordination.--In carrying out the program, the Secretary 
shall coordinate with the following:
            ``(1) The Secretaries of the military departments.
            ``(2) The Secretary of Education.
            ``(3) The National Science Foundation.
            ``(4) Other organizations as the Secretary of Defense 
        considers appropriate.
    ``(c) Activities.--Activities under the program may include the 
following:
            ``(1) Establishment of targeted internships and cooperative 
        research opportunities at defense laboratories and other 
        technical centers for students and teachers at covered schools.
            ``(2) Establishment of scholarships and fellowships for 
        students at covered schools.
            ``(3) Efforts and activities that improve the quality of 
        science, technology, engineering, and mathematics educational 
        and training opportunities for students and teachers at covered 
        schools, including with respect to improving the development of 
        curricula at covered schools.
            ``(4) Development of travel opportunities, demonstrations, 
        mentoring programs, and informal science education for students 
        and teachers at covered schools.
    ``(d) Metrics.--The Secretary shall establish outcome-based metrics 
and internal and external assessments to evaluate the merits and 
benefits of activities conducted under the program with respect to the 
needs of the Department of Defense.
    ``(e) Covered Schools Defined.--In this section, the term `covered 
schools' means elementary or secondary schools at which the Secretary 
determines a significant number of dependents of members of the armed 
forces are enrolled.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
2192a the following new item:

``2192b. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of members 
                            of armed forces for careers in science, 
                            technology, engineering, and 
                            mathematics.''.
    (c) Conforming Repeal.--Section 233 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
(Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 2193a note) is repealed.

SEC. 212. TEMPORARY INCLUSION OF JOINT ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CENTER 
              OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE IN PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT 
              AUTHORITY TO ATTRACT EXPERTS IN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 1599h of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(6) Joint artificial intelligence center.--The Director 
        of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center may carry out a 
        program of personnel management authority provided in 
        subsection (b) in order to facilitate recruitment of eminent 
        experts in science or engineering for the Center. The authority 
        to carry out the program under this paragraph shall terminate 
        on December 31, 2024.''.
    (b) Scope of Appointment Authority.--Subsection (b)(1) of such 
section is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (E), by adding ``and'' at the end; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(F) in the case of the Joint Artificial 
                Intelligence Center, appoint scientists and engineers 
                to a total of not more than 5 scientific and 
                engineering positions in the Center;''.
    (c) Extension of Terms of Appointment.--Subsection (c)(2) of such 
section is amended by striking ``or the Defense Innovation Unit 
Experimental'' and inserting ``the Defense Innovation Unit 
Experimental, or the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center''.

SEC. 213. JOINT HYPERSONICS TRANSITION OFFICE.

    Section 218 of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``the program required 
        under subsection (b), and shall'' and inserting ``the program 
        and activities described in subsections (d) through (g), and 
        shall'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (b) through (e) as 
        subsections (d) through (g), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsections:
    ``(b) Director.--There is a Director of the Office (referred to in 
this section as the `Director'). The Director shall be appointed by the 
Secretary of Defense and shall serve as the senior official in the 
Department of Defense with principal responsibility for carrying out 
the program and activities described in subsections (d) through (g). 
The Director shall report to the Assistant Director for Hypersonics 
within the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering.
    ``(c) University Consortium.--
            ``(1) Designation.--The Director shall designate a 
        consortium of institutions of higher education (as that term is 
        defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
        U.S.C. 1001)) to lead foundational hypersonic research in 
        research areas that the Director determines to be appropriate 
        for the Department of Defense.
            ``(2) Availability of information.--The Director shall 
        ensure that the research results and reports of the consortium 
        are made available across the Federal Government, the private 
        sector, and academia, consistent with appropriate security 
        classification guidance.'';
            (4) in subsection (d), by striking ``The Office'' and 
        inserting ``The Director'';
            (5) in subsection (e), as so redesignated--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``program required by subsection (b), the 
                Office'' and inserting ``program required by subsection 
                (d), the Director'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3)(A), by striking ``private 
                sector'' and inserting ``private-sector academic''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (5), by striking ``certified under 
                subsection (e) as being consistent with the roadmap 
                under subsection (d)'' and inserting ``certified under 
                subsection (g) as being consistent with the roadmap 
                under subsection (f)'';
            (6) in subsection (f), as so redesignated--
                    (A) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (C)--
                                    (I) in clause (i), by striking 
                                ``and'' at the end;
                                    (II) in clause (ii), by striking 
                                the period at the end and inserting ``; 
                                and''; and
                                    (III) by adding at the end the 
                                following new clause:
                            ``(iii) the activities and resources of the 
                        consortium designated by the Director under 
                        subsection (c) to be leveraged by the 
                        Department to meet such goals.''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (D), by striking 
                        ``facilities'' both places it appears and 
                        inserting ``facilities and infrastructure''; 
                        and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(4) Submittal to congress.--
                    ``(A) Initial submission.--Not later than 180 days 
                after the date of the enactment of this paragraph, the 
                Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
                defense committees the roadmap developed under 
                paragraph (1).
                    ``(B) Subsequent submissions.--The Secretary of 
                Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
                committees each roadmap revised under paragraph (1) 
                together with the budget submitted to Congress under 
                section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, for the 
                fiscal year concerned.'';
            (7) in subsection (g), as so redesignated--
                    (A) by striking ``subsection (d)'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``subsection (f)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A), by striking ``The Office'' and insert 
                        ``The Director'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A) by striking 
                        ``research, development, test, and evaluation 
                        and demonstration programs within the 
                        Department of Defense'' and inserting 
                        ``defense-wide research, development, test, and 
                        evaluation and demonstration programs''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``the hypersonics'' and inserting ``all 
                        hypersonics'';
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``The Office'' 
                and inserting ``The Director''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (3), by striking ``2016'' and 
                inserting ``2026''; and
            (8) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(h) Funding.--The Secretary may make available such funds to the 
Office for basic research, applied research, advanced technology 
development, prototyping, studies and analyses, and organizational 
support as the Secretary considers appropriate to support the efficient 
and effective development of hypersonics technologies and transition of 
those systems and technologies into acquisition programs or operational 
use.''.

SEC. 214. MODIFICATION OF PROOF OF CONCEPT COMMERCIALIZATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Extension of Program.--Section 1603(g) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 
2359 note) is amended by striking ``2019'' and inserting ``2024''.
    (b) Additional Improvements.--Section 1603 of such Act, as amended 
by subsection (a), is further amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``of dual-use 
        technology'' after ``commercialization'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by inserting ``of Dual-Use Technology'' before 
                ``Program''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``with a focus on priority defense 
                technology areas that attract public and private sector 
                funding, as well as private sector investment capital, 
                including from venture capital firms in the United 
                States,'' before ``in accordance'';
            (3) in subsection (c)(4)(A)(iv), by inserting ``, which may 
        include access to venture capital'' after ``award'';
            (4) by striking subsection (d);
            (5) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d);
            (6) by striking subsection (f); and
            (7) by adding at the end the following new subsection (e):
    ``(e) Authorities.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary may 
use the following authorities:
            ``(1) Section 1599g of title 10 of the United States Code, 
        relating to public-private talent exchanges.
            ``(2) Section 2368 of such title, relating to Centers for 
        Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnerships.
            ``(3) Section 2374a of such title, relating to prizes for 
        advanced technology achievements.
            ``(4) Section 2474 of such title, relating to Centers of 
        Industrial and Technical Excellence.
            ``(5) Section 2521 of such title, relating to the 
        Manufacturing Technology Program.
            ``(6) Section 225 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note).
            ``(7) Section 1711 of such Act (Public Law 115-91; 10 
        U.S.C. 2505 note), relating to a pilot program on strengthening 
        manufacturing in the defense industrial base.
            ``(8) Section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology 
        Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) and section 6305 of 
        title 31, United States Code, relating to cooperative research 
        and development agreements.''.

SEC. 215. CONTRACT FOR NATIONAL SECURITY RESEARCH STUDIES.

    (a) Contract Authority.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall 
seek to enter into a contract with a federally funded research and 
development center under which the private scientific advisory group 
known as ``JASON'' will provide national security research studies to 
the Department of Defense.
    (b) Terms of Contract.--The contract entered into under subsection 
(a) shall be an indefinite delivery-indefinite quantity contract with 
terms substantially similar to the terms of the contract in effect 
before March 28, 2019, under which JASON provided national security 
research studies to the Department of Defense (solicitation number 
HQ0034-19-R-0011 for JASON National Security Research Studies).
    (c) Termination.--The Secretary of Defense may not terminate the 
contract under subsection (a) until a period of 180 days has elapsed 
following the date on which the Secretary notifies the congressional 
defense committees of the intent of the Secretary to terminate the 
contract and receives approval for such termination from the 
committees.

SEC. 216. JASON SCIENTIFIC ADVISORY GROUP.

    Pursuant to section 173 of title 10, United States Code, the 
Secretary of Defense shall seek to engage the members of the private 
scientific advisory group to multiple Federal agencies known as 
``JASON'' as advisory personnel to provide advice, on an ongoing basis, 
on matters involving science, technology, and national security, 
including methods to defeat existential and technologically-amplified 
threats to national security.

SEC. 217. DIRECT AIR CAPTURE AND BLUE CARBON REMOVAL TECHNOLOGY 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) Program Authorized.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
        with the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of 
        Energy, and the heads of such other Federal agencies as the 
        Secretary of Defense considers appropriate, may carry out a 
        program on research, development, testing, evaluation, study, 
        and demonstration of technologies related to blue carbon 
        capture and direct air capture.
            (2) Program goals.--The goals of the program established 
        under paragraph (1) are as follows:
                    (A) To develop technologies that capture carbon 
                dioxide from seawater and the air to turn such carbon 
                dioxide into clean fuels to enhance fuel and energy 
                security.
                    (B) To develop and demonstrate technologies that 
                capture carbon dioxide from seawater and the air to 
                reuse such carbon dioxide to create products for 
                military uses.
                    (C) To develop direct air capture technologies for 
                use--
                            (i) at military installations or facilities 
                        of the Department of Defense; or
                            (ii) in modes of transportation by the Navy 
                        or the Coast Guard.
            (3) Phases.--The program established under paragraph (1) 
        shall be carried out in two phases as follows:
                    (A) The first phase may consist of research and 
                development and shall be carried out as described in 
                subsection (b).
                    (B) The second phase shall consist of testing and 
                evaluation and shall be carried out as described in 
                subsection (c), if the Secretary determines that the 
                results of the research and development phase justify 
                implementing the testing and evaluation phase.
            (4) Designation.--The program established under paragraph 
        (1) shall be known as the ``Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon 
        Removal Technology Program'' (in this section referred to as 
        the ``Program'').
    (b) Research and Development Phase.--
            (1) In general.--During the research and development phase 
        of the Program, the Secretary of Defense may conduct research 
        and development in pursuit of the goals set forth in subsection 
        (a)(2).
            (2) Direct air capture.--The research and development phase 
        of the Program may include, with respect to direct air capture, 
        a front end engineering and design study that includes an 
        evaluation of direct air capture designs to produce fuel for 
        use--
                    (A) at military installations or facilities of the 
                Department of Defense; or
                    (B) in modes of transportation by the Navy or the 
                Coast Guard.
            (3) Duration.--The Secretary may carry out the research and 
        development phase of the Program commencing not later than 90 
        days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (4) Grants authorized.--The Secretary may carry out the 
        research and development phase of the Program through the award 
        of grants to private persons and eligible laboratories.
            (5) Report required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the completion of the research and development phase of 
        the Program, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on 
        the research and development carried out under the Program.
    (c) Testing and Evaluation Phase.--
            (1) In general.--During the testing and evaluation phase of 
        the Program, the Secretary may, in pursuit of the goals set 
        forth in subsection (a)(2), conduct tests and evaluations of 
        the technologies researched and developed during the research 
        and development phase of the Program.
            (2) Direct air capture.--The testing and evaluation phase 
        of the Program may include demonstration projects for direct 
        air capture to produce fuel for use--
                    (A) at military installations or facilities of the 
                Department of Defense; or
                    (B) in modes of transportation by the Navy or the 
                Coast Guard.
            (3) Duration.--Subject to subsection (a)(3)(B), the 
        Secretary may carry out the testing and evaluation phase of the 
        Program commencing on the date of the completion of the 
        research and development phase described in subsection (b), 
        except that the testing and evaluation phase of the Program 
        with respect to direct air capture may commence at such time 
        after a front end engineering and design study demonstrates to 
        the Secretary that commencement of such phase is appropriate.
            (4) Grants authorized.--The Secretary may carry out the 
        testing and evaluation phase of the Program through the award 
        of grants to private persons and eligible laboratories.
            (5) Locations.--The Secretary shall carry out the testing 
        and evaluation phase of the Program at military installations 
        or facilities of the Department of Defense.
            (6) Report required.--Not later than September 30, 2026, 
        the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the findings 
        of the Secretary with respect to the effectiveness of the 
        technologies tested and evaluated under the Program.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Blue carbon capture.--The term ``blue carbon capture'' 
        means the removal of dissolved carbon dioxide from seawater 
        through engineered or inorganic processes, including filters, 
        membranes, or phase change systems.
            (2) Direct air capture.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``direct air capture'', 
                with respect to a facility, technology, or system, 
                means that the facility, technology, or system uses 
                carbon capture equipment to capture carbon dioxide 
                directly from the air.
                    (B) Exclusion.--The term ``direct air capture'' 
                does not include any facility, technology, or system 
                that captures carbon dioxide--
                            (i) that is deliberately released from a 
                        naturally occurring subsurface spring; or
                            (ii) using natural photosynthesis.
            (3) Eligible laboratory.--The term ``eligible laboratory'' 
        means--
                    (A) a National Laboratory (as defined in section 2 
                of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15801)); or
                    (B) the science and technology reinvention 
                laboratories (as designated under section 1105 of the 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 
                (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note));
                    (C) the Major Range and Test Facility Base (as 
                defined in section 2358a(f)(3) of title 10, United 
                States Code); and
                    (D) other facilities that support the research 
                development, test, and evaluation activities of the 
                Department of Defense or Department of Energy.

SEC. 218. FOREIGN MALIGN INFLUENCE OPERATIONS RESEARCH PROGRAM.

    (a) Program Required.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall carry 
out a research program on foreign malign influence operations research 
as part of the university and other basic research programs of the 
Department of Defense (such as the Minerva Research Initiative).
    (b) Program Objectives.--The objectives of the research program 
shall be the following:
            (1) To enhance the understanding of foreign malign 
        influence operations, including activities conducted on social 
        media platforms.
            (2) To facilitate the compilation, analysis, and storage of 
        publicly available or voluntarily provided indicators of 
        foreign malign influence operations, including those appearing 
        on social media platforms, for the purposes of additional 
        research.
            (3) To promote the development of best practices relating 
        to tactics, techniques, procedures, and technology for the 
        protection of the privacy of the customers and users of the 
        social media platforms and the proprietary information of the 
        social media companies in conducting research and analysis or 
        compiling and storing indicators and key trends of foreign 
        malign influence operations on social media platforms.
            (4) To promote collaborative research and information 
        exchange with other relevant entities within the Department and 
        with other agencies relating to foreign malign influence 
        operations.
    (c) Program Activities.--In order to achieve the objectives 
specified in subsection (b), the Secretary is authorized to carry out 
the following activities:
            (1) The Secretary may award research grants to eligible 
        individuals and entities on a competitive basis.
            (2) The Secretary may award financial assistance to 
        graduate students on a competitive basis.
    (d) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
progress of the Secretary in carrying out the research program under 
this section, including a description of the activities and research 
conducted as part of the program.

SEC. 219. SENSOR DATA INTEGRATION FOR FIFTH GENERATION AIRCRAFT.

    (a) F-35 Sensor Data.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that--
            (1) information collected by the passive and active on-
        board sensors of the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter aircraft is 
        capable of being shared, in real time, with joint service users 
        in cases in which the Joint Force Commander determines that 
        sharing such information would be operationally advantageous; 
        and
            (2) the Secretary has developed achievable, effective, and 
        suitable concepts and supporting technical architectures to 
        collect, store, manage, and disseminate information collected 
        by such sensors.
    (b) GAO Study and Report.--
            (1) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
        shall conduct a study of the sensor data collection and 
        dissemination capability of fifth generation aircraft of the 
        Department of Defense.
            (2) Elements.--The study required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include an assessment of the following--
                    (A) the extent to which the Department has 
                established doctrinal, organizational, or technological 
                methods of managing the large amount of sensor data 
                that is currently collected and which may be collected 
                by existing and planned advanced fifth generation 
                aircraft;
                    (B) the status of the existing sensor data 
                collection, storage, dissemination, and management 
                capability and capacity of fifth generation aircraft, 
                including the F-35, the F-22, and the B-21; and
                    (C) the ability of the F-35 aircraft and other 
                fifth generation aircraft to share information 
                collected by the aircraft in real-time with other joint 
                service users as described in subsection (a)(1).
            (3) Study results.--
                    (A) Interim briefing.--Not later than 180 days 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
                Comptroller General shall provide to the congressional 
                defense committees a briefing on the preliminary 
                findings of the study conducted under this subsection.
                    (B) Final results.--The Comptroller General shall 
                provide the final results of the study conducted under 
                this subsection to the congressional defense committees 
                at such time and in such format as is mutually agreed 
                upon by the committees and the Comptroller General at 
                the time of the briefing under subparagraph (A).

SEC. 220. DOCUMENTATION RELATING TO ADVANCED BATTLE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM.

    (a) Documentation Required.--Not later than the date specified in 
subsection (b), the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees the following documentation relating 
to the Advanced Battle Management System:
            (1) A list that identifies each program, project, and 
        activity that comprises the System.
            (2) The final analysis of alternatives for the System.
            (3) An acquisition strategy for the System, including--
                    (A) an outline of each increment of the System; and
                    (B) the date on which each increment will reach 
                initial operational capability and full operational 
                capability, respectively.
            (4) A capability development document for the System.
            (5) An acquisition program baseline for the System.
            (6) A test and evaluation master plan for the System.
            (7) A life-cycle sustainment plan for the System.
    (b) Date Specified.--The date specified in this subsection is the 
earlier of--
            (1) the date that is 180 days after the date on which the 
        final analysis of alternatives for the Advanced Battle 
        Management System is completed; or
            (2) April 1, 2020.
    (c) Advanced Battle Management System Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``Advanced Battle Management System'' means the Advanced 
Battle Management System of Systems capability of the Air Force, 
including each program, project, and activity that comprises such 
capability.

SEC. 221. DOCUMENTATION RELATING TO B-52 COMMERCIAL ENGINE REPLACEMENT 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) Documentation Required.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees the following 
documentation relating to the B-52 commercial engine replacement 
program of the Air Force:
            (1) A capability development document for the program, 
        approved by the Secretary of the Air Force.
            (2) A test and evaluation master plan for the program, 
        approved by the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation.
    (b) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force, 
not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until the date on 
which the Secretary of the Air Force submits to the congressional 
defense committees the documentation required under subsection (a).

SEC. 222. DIVERSIFICATION OF THE SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, RESEARCH, AND 
              ENGINEERING WORKFORCE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Assessment Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
        the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, 
        shall conduct an assessment of critical skillsets required 
        across the science, technology, research, and engineering 
        workforce of the Department of Defense to support emerging and 
        future warfighter technologies.
            (2) Elements.--The assessment required by paragraph (1) 
        shall include analysis of the following:
                    (A) The percentage of women and minorities employed 
                in the workforce as of the date of the assessment.
                    (B) The percentage of grants, fellowships, and 
                funding awarded to minorities and women.
                    (C) The effectiveness of existing hiring and 
                attraction incentives, other encouragements, and 
                required service agreement commitments in attracting 
                and retaining minorities and women in the workforce of 
                the Department after such individuals complete work on 
                Department-funded research projects, grant projects, 
                fellowships, and STEM programs.
                    (D) The geographical diversification of the 
                workforce and the operating costs of the workforce 
                across various geographic regions.
    (b) Plan Required.--
            (1) In general.--Based on the results of the assessment 
        conducted under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense, 
        acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering, shall develop and implement a plan to diversify 
        and strengthen the science, technology, research, and 
        engineering workforce of the Department of Defense.
            (2) Elements.--The plan required by paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) align with science and technology strategy 
                priorities of the Department of Defense, including the 
                emerging and future warfighter technology requirements 
                identified by the Department;
                    (B) except as provided in subsection (c)(2), set 
                forth steps for the implementation of each 
                recommendation included in the 2013 report of the RAND 
                corporation titled ``First Steps Toward Improving DoD 
                STEM Workforce Diversity'';
                    (C) harness the full range of the Department's STEM 
                programs and other Department-sponsored programs to 
                develop and attract top talent;
                    (D) use existing authorities to attract and retain 
                students, academics, and other talent;
                    (E) establish and use contracts, agreements, or 
                other arrangements with institutions of higher 
                education (as defined in section 101 of the Higher 
                Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)), including 
                historically black colleges and universities and other 
                minority-serving institutions (as described in section 
                371(a) of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1067q(a)) to enable easy 
                and efficient access to research and researchers for 
                Government-sponsored basic and applied research and 
                studies at each institution, including contracts, 
                agreements, and other authorized arrangements such as 
                those authorized under--
                            (i) section 217 of the National Defense 
                        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public 
                        Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note); and
                            (ii) such other authorities as the 
                        Secretary determines to be appropriate; and
                    (F) include recommendations for changes in 
                authorities, regulations, policies, or any other 
                relevant areas, that would support the achievement of 
                the goals set forth in the plan.
            (3) Submittal to congress.--Not later than one year after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        that includes--
                    (A) the plan developed under paragraph (1); and
                    (B) with respect to each recommendation described 
                in paragraph (2)(B) that the Secretary implemented or 
                expects to implement--
                            (i) a summary of actions that have been 
                        taken to implement the recommendation; and
                            (ii) a schedule, with specific milestones, 
                        for completing the implementation of the 
                        recommendation.
    (c) Deadline for Implementation.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), not 
        later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this 
        Act the Secretary of Defense shall carry out activities to 
        implement the plan developed under subsection (b).
            (2) Exception for implementation of certain 
        recommendations.--
                    (A) Delayed implementation.--The Secretary of 
                Defense may commence implementation of a recommendation 
                described in subsection (b)(2)(B) after the date 
                specified in paragraph (1) if the Secretary provides 
                the congressional defense committees with a specific 
                justification for the delay in implementation of such 
                recommendation on or before such date.
                    (B) Nonimplementation.--The Secretary of Defense 
                may opt not to implement a recommendation described in 
                subsection (b)(2)(B) if the Secretary provides to the 
                congressional defense committees, on or before the date 
                specified in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) a specific justification for the 
                        decision not to implement the recommendation; 
                        and
                            (ii) a summary of the alternative actions 
                        the Secretary plans to take to address the 
                        issues underlying the recommendation.
    (d) STEM Defined.--In this section, the term ``STEM'' means 
science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.

SEC. 223. POLICY ON THE TALENT MANAGEMENT OF DIGITAL EXPERTISE AND 
              SOFTWARE PROFESSIONALS.

    (a) Policy.--
            (1) In general.--It shall be a policy of the Department of 
        Defense to promote and maintain digital expertise and software 
        development as core competencies of civilian and military 
        workforces of the Department, and as a capability to support 
        the National Defense Strategy, which policy shall be achieved 
        by--
                    (A) the recruitment, development, and 
                incentivization of retention in and to the civilian and 
                military workforce of the Department of individuals 
                with aptitude, experience, proficient expertise, or a 
                combination thereof in digital expertise and software 
                development;
                    (B) at the discretion of the Secretaries of the 
                military departments, the development and maintenance 
                of civilian and military career tracks related to 
                digital expertise, and related digital competencies for 
                members of the Armed Forces, including the development 
                and maintenance of training, education, talent 
                management, incentives, and promotion policies in 
                support of members at all levels of such career tracks; 
                and
                    (C) the development and application of appropriate 
                readiness standards and metrics to measure and report 
                on the overall capability, capacity, utilization, and 
                readiness of digital engineering professionals to 
                develop and deliver operational capabilities and employ 
                modern business practices.
            (2) Definitions.--For purposes of this section, ``digital 
        engineering'' is the discipline and set of skills involved in 
        the creation, processing, transmission, integration, and 
        storage of digital data, (including but not limited to data 
        science, machine learning, software engineering, software 
        product management, and artificial intelligence product 
        management).
    (b) Responsibility.--
            (1) Appointment of officer.--Not later than 270 days after 
        the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall appoint a civilian official responsible for the 
        development and implementation of the policy set forth in 
        subsection (a). The official shall be known as the ``Chief 
        Digital Engineering Recruitment and Management Officer of the 
        Department of Defense'' (in this section referred to as the 
        ``Officer'').
            (2) Expiration of appointment.--The appointment of the 
        Officer under paragraph (1) shall expire on September 30, 2029.
    (c) Duties.--In developing and providing for the discharge of the 
policy set forth in subsection (a), the Officer shall work with the 
Assistant Secretaries of the military departments for Manpower and 
Reserve Affairs to carry out the following:
            (1) Develop for, and enhance within, the recruitment 
        programs of each Armed Force various core initiatives, 
        programs, activities, and mechanisms, tailored to the unique 
        needs of each Armed Force, to identify and recruit civilian 
        employees and members of the Armed Forces with demonstrated 
        aptitude, interest, and proficiency in digital engineering, and 
        in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) 
        generally, including initiatives, programs, activities, and 
        mechanisms to target populations of individuals not typically 
        aware of opportunities in the Department of Defense for a 
        digital engineering career.
            (2) Identify and share with the military departments best 
        practices around the development of flexible career tracks and 
        identifiers for digital engineering and related digital 
        competencies and meaningful opportunities for career 
        development, talent management, and promotion within such 
        career tracks.
            (3) Develop and maintain education, training, doctrine, 
        rotational opportunities, and professional development 
        activities to support the civilian and military digital 
        engineering workforce.
            (4) Coordinate and synchronize digital force management 
        activities throughout the Department of Defense, advise the 
        Secretary of Defense on all matters pertaining to the health 
        and readiness of digital forces, convene a Department-wide 
        executive steering group, and submit to Congress an annual 
        report on the readiness of digital forces and progress toward 
        achieving the policy set forth in subsection (a).
            (5) Create a Department-wide mechanism to track digital 
        expertise in the workforce, develop and maintain organizational 
        policies, strategies, and plans sufficient to build, maintain, 
        and refresh internal capacity at scale, and report to the 
        Secretary quarterly on the health and readiness the digital 
        engineering workforce.
            (6) Assist the military departments in designing, 
        developing, and executing programs and incentives to retain, 
        track, and oversee digital expertise among civilian employees 
        of the Department and members of the Armed Forces on active 
        duty.
            (7) At the request of the Chief of Staff of an Armed Force, 
        or the head of another component or element of the Department, 
        undertake an executive search for key leadership positions in 
        digital engineering in such Armed Force, component, or element, 
        and develop and deploy agile hiring processes to fill such 
        positions.
            (8) Identify necessary changes in authorities, policies, 
        resources, or a combination thereof to further the policy set 
        forth in subsection (a), and submit to Congress a report on 
        such changes.
    (d) Implementation Plan.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
House of Representatives and the Senate a plan to carry out the 
requirements of this section. The plan shall include the following:
            (1) An assessment of progress of the Secretary in 
        recruiting an individual to serve as the Officer required to be 
        appointed under subsection (b).
            (2) A timeline for implementation of the requirements of 
        this section, including input from each military department on 
        its unique timeline.
            (3) Recommendations for any legislative or administrative 
        action required to meet the requirements of this section.

SEC. 224. DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DIGITAL ENGINEERING 
              CAPABILITY AND AUTOMATED SOFTWARE TESTING AND EVALUATION.

    (a) Capability Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering and the Director of Operational Test 
        and Evaluation shall jointly design, develop, and implement a 
        digital engineering capability and infrastructure--
                    (A) to provide technically accurate digital models 
                to the acquisition process; and
                    (B) to serve as the foundation for automated 
                approaches to software testing and evaluation.
            (2) Elements.--The capability developed under subsection 
        (a) shall consist of digital platforms that may be accessed by 
        individuals throughout the Department who have responsibilities 
        relating to the development, testing, evaluation, and operation 
        of software. The platforms shall enable such individuals to--
                    (A) use systems-level digital representations and 
                simulation environments;
                    (B) perform automated software testing based on 
                criteria developed, in part, in consultation with the 
                Under Secretary's developmental test organization and 
                the Director to satisfy program operational test 
                requirements; and
                    (C) perform testing on a repeatable, frequent, and 
                iterative basis.
    (b) Pilot Programs.--
            (1) In general.--The Under Secretary and Director shall 
        carry out pilot programs to demonstrate whether it is possible 
        for automated testing to satisfy--
                    (A) developmental test requirements for the 
                software-intensive programs of the Department of 
                Defense; and
                    (B) the Director's operational test requirements 
                for such programs.
            (2) Number of pilot programs.--The Under Secretary and 
        Director shall carry out not fewer than four and not more than 
        ten pilot programs under this section.
            (3) Requirements.--For each pilot program carried out under 
        paragraph (1), the Under Secretary and Director shall--
                    (A) conduct a cost-benefit analysis that compares 
                the costs and benefits of the digital engineering and 
                automated testing approach of the pilot program to the 
                nondigital engineering based approach typically used by 
                the Department of Defense;
                    (B) ensure that the intellectual property strategy 
                for the pilot program supports the data required to 
                operate the models used under the program; and
                    (C) develop a workforce and infrastructure plan to 
                support any new policies and guidance implemented 
                during the pilot program or after the completion of the 
                program.
            (4) Considerations.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
        Under Secretary and Director may consider using the authorities 
        provided under sections 873 and 874 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91).
            (5) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary and Director shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
        includes a description of--
                    (A) each pilot program that will be carried out 
                under paragraph (1);
                    (B) software programs that may be used as part of 
                each pilot program;
                    (C) selection criteria and intellectual property 
                and licensing issues relating to such software 
                programs;
                    (D) any recommendations for changes to existing law 
                to facilitate the implementation of the pilot programs; 
                and
                    (E) such other matters as the Under Secretary and 
                Director determine to be relevant.
            (6) Termination.--Each pilot program carried out under 
        paragraph (1) shall terminate not later than December 31, 2025.
    (c) Policies and Guidance Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Under Secretary and the Director shall 
        issue policies and guidance to implement--
                    (A) the digital engineering capability and 
                infrastructure developed under subsection (a); and
                    (B) the pilot programs carried out under subsection 
                (b).
            (2) Elements.--The policies and guidance issued under 
        paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) specify procedures for developing and 
                maintaining digital engineering models and the 
                automated testing of software throughout the program 
                life cycle;
                    (B) include processes for automated testing of 
                developmental test requirements and operational test 
                requirements;
                    (C) include processes for automated security 
                testing, including--
                            (i) penetration testing; and
                            (ii) vulnerability scanning;
                    (D) include processes for security testing 
                performed by individuals, including red team 
                assessments with zero-trust assumptions;
                    (E) encourage the use of an automated testing 
                capability instead of acquisition-related processes 
                that require artifacts to be created for acquisition 
                oversight but are not used as part of the engineering 
                process;
                    (F) support the high-confidence distribution of 
                software to the field on a time-bound, repeatable, 
                frequent, and iterative basis;
                    (G) provide technically accurate models, including 
                models of system design and performance, to the 
                acquisition process; and
                    (H) ensure that models are continually updated with 
                the newest design, performance, and testing data.
    (d) Consultation.--In carrying out subsections (a) through (c), the 
Under Secretary and Director shall consult with--
            (1) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment;
            (2) the service acquisition executives;
            (3) the service testing commands; and
            (4) the Defense Digital Service.
    (e) Report Required.--Not later one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary and Director shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report on the progress of the 
Under Secretary and Director in carrying out subsections (a) through 
(c). The report shall include--
            (1) an independent assessment conducted by the Defense 
        Innovation Board of the progress made as of the date of the 
        report;
            (2) an explanation of how the results of the pilot programs 
        carried out under subsection (b) will inform subsequent policy 
        and guidance, particularly the policy and guidance of the 
        Director of Operational Test and Evaluation; and
            (3) any recommendations for changes to existing law to 
        facilitate the implementation of subsections (a) through (c).
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``Under Secretary and Director'' means the 
        Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and the 
        Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, acting jointly.
            (2) The term ``digital engineering'' means an integrated 
        digital approach that uses authoritative sources of system data 
        and models as a continuum across disciplines to support life-
        cycle activities from concept through disposal.
            (3) The term ``zero-trust assumption'' means a security 
        architecture philosophy designed to prevent all threats, 
        including insider threats and outsider threats.
            (4) The term ``red team assessment'' means penetration 
        tests and operations performed on a system to emulate a capable 
        adversary to expose security vulnerabilities.

SEC. 225. PROCESS TO ALIGN POLICY FORMULATION AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGY 
              DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) Alignment of Policy and Technological Development.--Not later 
than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense shall establish a process to ensure that the 
policies of the Department of Defense relating to emerging technology 
are formulated and updated continuously as such technology is developed 
by the Department.
    (b) Elements.--As part of the process established under subsection 
(a), the Secretary shall--
            (1) specify the role of each covered official in ensuring 
        that the formulation of policies relating to emerging 
        technology is carried out concurrently with the development of 
        such technology;
            (2) establish mechanisms to ensure that the Under Secretary 
        of Defense for Policy has the information and resources 
        necessary to continuously formulate and update policies 
        relating to emerging technology, including by directing the 
        organizations and entities of the Department of Defense 
        responsible for the development such technology--
                    (A) to share information with the Under Secretary;
                    (B) to communicate plans for the fielding and use 
                of emerging technology to the Under Secretary; and
                    (C) to coordinate activities relating to such 
                technology with the Under Secretary;
            (3) incorporate procedures for the legal review of--
                    (A) weapons that incorporate emerging technology; 
                and
                    (B) treaties that may be affected by such 
                technology; and
            (4) ensure that emerging technologies procured and used by 
        the military will be tested, as applicable, for algorithmic 
        bias and discriminatory outcomes.
    (c) Reports Required.--
            (1) Interim report.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
        progress of the Secretary in carrying out subsection (a).
            (2) Final report.--Not later than 30 days after date on 
        which the Secretary of Defense establishes the process required 
        under subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report that describes such 
        process.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered official'' means the Chairman of the 
        Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Policy, the commanders of the combatant commands, and the 
        Secretaries of the military departments.
            (2) The term ``emerging technology'' means technology 
        determined to be in an emerging phase of development by the 
        Secretary of Defense and includes quantum computing, technology 
        for the analysis of large and diverse sets of data (commonly 
        known as ``big data analytics''), artificial intelligence, 
        autonomous technology, robotics, directed energy, hypersonics, 
        and biotechnology.

SEC. 226. LIMITATION ON TRANSITION OF STRATEGIC CAPABILITIES OFFICE OF 
              THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Limitation.--The Secretary of Defense may not transition or 
transfer the functions of the Strategic Capabilities Office of the 
Department of Defense to another organization or element of the 
Department until--
            (1) the plan required under subsection (b) has been 
        submitted to the congressional defense committees; and
            (2) a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on 
        which the Secretary notifies the congressional defense 
        committees of the intent of the Secretary to transition or 
        transfer the functions of the Office.
    (b) Plan Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a plan for the transition 
        or transfer of the functions of the Strategic Capabilities 
        Office to another organization or element of the Department of 
        Defense.
            (2) Elements.--The plan required under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A timeline for the potential transition or 
                transfer of the activities, functions, programs, plans, 
                and resources of the Strategic Capabilities Office.
                    (B) The status of funding and execution of current 
                Strategic Capabilities Office projects, including a 
                strategy for mitigating risk to current projects during 
                the transition or transfer.
                    (C) The impact of the transition or transfer on the 
                ability of the Department to rapidly address Combatant 
                Command requirements.
                    (D) The impact of the transition or transfer on the 
                cultural attributes and core competencies of the 
                Strategic Capabilities Office and any organization or 
                element of the Department of Defense affected by the 
                realignment of the Office.
                    (E) An assessment of the impact of the transition 
                or transfer on the relationships of the Strategic 
                Capabilities Office with the military departments, 
                Combatant Commands, Department of Defense laboratories, 
                the intelligence community, and other research and 
                development activities.
                    (F) Budget and programming realignment and 
                prioritization of Research, Development, Testing, and 
                Evaluation budget activity that will be carried out as 
                a result of the transition or transfer.
                    (G) The status of the essential authorities of the 
                Director of the Strategic Capabilities Office, 
                including acquisition authorities, personnel management 
                authorities, the authority to enter into support 
                agreements and strategic partnerships, and original 
                classification authority.
            (3) Form of plan.--The plan required under paragraph (1) 
        shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
        classified annex.

SEC. 227. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE IMPORTANCE OF CONTINUED COORDINATION 
              OF STUDIES AND ANALYSIS RESEARCH OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of Defense shall 
continue to work to create a Department of Defense-wide process under 
which the heads of the military departments and Defense Agencies 
responsible for managing requests for studies and analysis research 
coordinate annual research requests and ongoing research efforts to 
optimize both the benefits to the Department and the efficiency of the 
research.

SEC. 228. GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM MODERNIZATION.

    (a) Designation of Responsible Entity.--As part of the efforts the 
Department of Defense with respect to GPS military code (commonly known 
as ``M-code'') receiver card acquisition planning, the Secretary of 
Defense shall designate an entity within the Department to have 
principal responsibility for--
            (1) systematically collecting integration test data, 
        lessons learned, and design solutions relating to M-code 
        receiver cards;
            (2) making such data, lessons learned, and design solutions 
        available to all programs expected to integrate M-code receiver 
        cards.
    (b) Additional Measures.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) take such actions as are necessary to reduce 
        duplication and fragmentation in the implementation of M-code 
        receiver card modernization across the Department;
            (2) clarify the role of the Chief Information Officer in 
        leading the M-code receiver card modernization effort; and
            (3) ensure that the Department's Positioning, Navigation, 
        and Timing Enterprise Oversight Council will collect 
        integration test data, designs solutions, and lessons learned, 
        and confirm that such additional steps are taking place.

SEC. 229. MUSCULOSKELETAL INJURY PREVENTION RESEARCH.

    (a) Program Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
program on musculoskeletal injury prevention research to identify risk 
factors for musculoskeletal injuries among members of the Armed Forces 
and to create a better understanding for adaptive bone formation during 
initial entry military training.
    (b) Funding.--
            (1) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the 
        funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be 
        appropriated in section 201 for research, development, test, 
        and evaluation, as specified in the corresponding funding table 
        in section 4201, for research, development, test, and 
        evaluation, Army, applied research, medical technology, line 
        040 (PE 0602787A) is hereby increased by $4,800,000 (with the 
        amount of such increase to be made available to carry out the 
        program on musculoskeletal injury prevention research under 
        subsection (a)).
            (2) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the 
        funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be 
        appropriated in section 101 for procurement, as specified in 
        the corresponding funding table in section 4101, for 
        shipbuilding and conversion, Navy, ship to shore connector, 
        line 024 is hereby reduced by $4,800,000.

SEC. 230. STEM JOBS ACTION PLAN.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Jobs in science, technology, engineering, and math in 
        addition to maintenance and manufacturing (collectively 
        referred to in this section as ``STEM'') make up a significant 
        portion of the workforce of the Department of Defense.
            (2) These jobs exist within the organic industrial base, 
        research, development, and engineering centers, life-cycle 
        management commands, and logistics centers of the Department.
            (3) Vital to the continued support of the mission of all of 
        the military services, the Department needs to maintain its 
        STEM workforce.
            (4) It is known that the demographics of personnel of the 
        Department indicate that many of the STEM personnel of the 
        Department will be eligible to retire in the next few years.
            (5) Decisive action is needed to replace STEM personnel as 
        they retire to ensure that the military does not further suffer 
        a skill and knowledge gap and thus a serious readiness gap.
    (b) Assessments and Plan of Action.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
conjunction with the Secretary of each military department, shall--
            (1) perform an assessment of the STEM workforce for 
        organizations within the Department of Defense, including the 
        numbers and types of positions and the expectations for losses 
        due to retirements and voluntary departures;
            (2) identify the types and quantities of STEM jobs needed 
        to support future mission work;
            (3) determine the shortfall between lost STEM personnel and 
        future requirements;
            (4) analyze and explain the appropriateness and impact of 
        using reimbursable and working capital fund dollars for new 
        STEM hires;
            (5) identify a plan of action to address the STEM jobs gap, 
        including hiring strategies and timelines for replacement of 
        STEM employees; and
            (6) deliver to Congress, not later than December 31, 2020, 
        a report specifying such plan of action.

SEC. 230A. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON FUTURE VERTICAL LIFT TECHNOLOGIES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) As the United States enters an era of great power 
        competition, the Army must appropriately modernize its aircraft 
        fleet.
            (2) Specifically, investments in maturation technologies to 
        accelerate the deployment of future vertical lift programs is 
        paramount.
            (3) Technology designs and prototypes must be converted 
        into production-ready articles for effective fielding.
            (4) Congress is concerned that the Army is not adequately 
        resourcing programs to improve pilot situational awareness, 
        increase flight operations safety, and diminish operation and 
        maintenance costs.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the Army 
should to continue to invest in research, development, test, and 
evaluation programs to mature future vertical lift technologies.

SEC. 230B. MODIFICATION OF DEFENSE QUANTUM INFORMATION SCIENCE AND 
              TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

    Section 234 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking the semicolon at 
                the end and inserting ``, including through 
                coordination with--
                    ``(A) the National Quantum Coordination Office;
                    ``(B) the subcommittee on Quantum Information 
                Science and the subcommittee on Economic and Security 
                Implications of Quantum Science of the National Science 
                and Technology Council;
                    ``(C) the Quantum Economic Development Consortium;
                    ``(D) the Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Acquisition and Sustainment;
                    ``(E) the Industrial Policy office of the 
                Department of Defense;
                    ``(F) industry;
                    ``(G) academic institutions; and
                    ``(H) national laboratories;'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as 
                paragraphs (5) and (8), respectively;
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
                new paragraphs:
            ``(3) develop, in coordination with the entities listed in 
        paragraph (2), plans for workforce development, enhancing 
        awareness and reducing risk of cybersecurity threats, and the 
        development of ethical guidelines for the use of quantum 
        technology;
            ``(4) develop, in coordination with the National Institute 
        of Standards and Technology, a quantum science taxonomy and 
        requirements for technology and standards;'';
                    (D) in paragraph (5) (as so redesignated), by 
                striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (E) by inserting after paragraph (5) (as so 
                redesignated) the following new paragraphs:
            ``(6) support efforts to increase the technology readiness 
        level of quantum technologies under development in the United 
        States;
            ``(7) coordinate quantum technology initiatives with allies 
        of the United States, including by coordinating with allies 
        through The Technical Cooperation Program; and''; and
                    (F) in paragraph (8) (as so redesignated), by 
                striking ``meeting the long-term challenges and 
                achieving the specific technical goals'' and inserting 
                ``carrying out the program required by subsection 
                (a)''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (C) through (E) 
                as subparagraphs (E) through (G), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the 
                following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(C) A quantum technology roadmap indicating the 
                likely timeframes for development and military 
                deployment of quantum technologies, and likely relative 
                national security impact of such technologies.
                    ``(D) A description of efforts to update 
                classification and cybersecurity practices surrounding 
                quantum technology, including--
                            ``(i) security processes and requirements 
                        for engagement with allied countries; and
                            ``(ii) a plan for security-cleared 
                        workforce development.''.

SEC. 230C. TRUSTED SUPPLY CHAIN AND OPERATIONAL SECURITY STANDARDS FOR 
              MICROELECTRONICS.

    (a) Trusted Supply Chain and Operational Security Standards.--
            (1) Standards required.--Not later than January 1, 2021, 
        the Secretary shall establish trusted supply chain and 
        operational security standards for the purchase of 
        microelectronics products and services by the Department.
            (2) Consultation required.--In developing standards under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consult with the following:
                    (A) The Secretary of Homeland Security, the 
                Secretary of State, the Secretary of Commerce, and the 
                Director of the National Institute of Standards and 
                Technology.
                    (B) Suppliers of microelectronics products and 
                services from the United States and allies and partners 
                of the United States.
                    (C) Representatives of major United States industry 
                sectors that rely on a trusted supply chain and the 
                operational security of microelectronics products and 
                services.
                    (D) Representatives of the United States insurance 
                industry.
            (3) Tiers of trust and security authorized.--In carrying 
        out paragraph (1), the Secretary may establish tiers of trust 
        and security within the supply chain and operational security 
        standards for microelectronics products and services.
            (4) General applicability.--The standards established 
        pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be, to the greatest extent 
        practicable, generally applicable to the trusted supply chain 
        and operational security needs and use cases of the United 
        States Government and commercial industry, such that the 
        standards could be widely adopted by government and commercial 
        industry.
            (5) Annual review.--Not later than October 1 of each year, 
        the Secretary shall review the standards established pursuant 
        to paragraph (1) and issue updates or modifications as the 
        Secretary considers necessary or appropriate.
    (b) Ensuring Ability to Sell Commercially.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall, to the greatest 
        extent practicable, ensure that suppliers of microelectronics 
        products for the Federal Government who meet the standards 
        established under subsection (a) are able and incentivized to 
        sell products commercially that are produced on the same 
        production lines as the microelectronics products supplied to 
        the Federal Government.
            (2) Effect of requirement and acquisitions.--The Secretary 
        shall, to the greatest extent practicable, ensure that the 
        requirements of the Department and the acquisition by the 
        Department of microelectronics enable the success of a dual-use 
        microelectronics industry.
    (c) Maintaining Competition and Innovation.--The Secretary shall 
take such actions as the Secretary considers necessary and appropriate, 
within the Secretary's authorized activities to maintain the health of 
the defense industrial base, to ensure that--
            (1) providers of microelectronics products and services 
        that meet the standards established under subsection (a) are 
        exposed to competitive market pressures to achieve competitive 
        pricing and sustained innovation; and
            (2) the industrial base of microelectronics products and 
        services that meet the standards established under subsection 
        (a) includes providers producing in or belonging to countries 
        that are allies or partners of the United States.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 231. MASTER PLAN FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO 
              SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY REINVENTION LABORATORIES.

    (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall develop 
a master plan for using current authorities and responsibilities to 
strengthen and modernize the workforce and capabilities of the science 
and technology reinvention laboratories of the Department of Defense 
(referred to in this section as the ``laboratories'') to enhance the 
ability of the laboratories to execute missions in the most efficient 
and effective manner.
    (b) Elements.--The master plan required under subsection (a) shall 
include, with respect to the laboratories, the following:
            (1) A summary of hiring and staffing deficiencies at 
        laboratories, by location, and the effect of such deficiencies 
        on the ability of the laboratories--
                    (A) to meet existing and future requirements of the 
                Department of Defense; and
                    (B) to recruit and retain qualified personnel.
            (2) A summary of existing and emerging military research, 
        development, test, and evaluation mission areas requiring the 
        use of the laboratories.
            (3) An explanation of the laboratory staffing capabilities 
        required for each mission area identified under paragraph (2).
            (4) Identification of specific projects, including hiring 
        efforts and management reforms, that will be carried out--
                    (A) to address the deficiencies identified in 
                paragraph (1); and
                    (B) to support the existing and emerging mission 
                areas identified in paragraph (2).
            (5) For each project identified under paragraph (4)--
                    (A) a summary of the plan for the project;
                    (B) an explanation of the level of priority that 
                will be given to the project; and
                    (C) a schedule of required investments that will be 
                made as part of the project.
            (6) A description of how the Department, including each 
        military department concerned, will carry out the projects 
        identified in paragraph (3) using--
                    (A) current authorities and responsibilities; and
                    (B) such other authorities as are determined to be 
                relevant by the Secretary of Defense.
            (7) Identification of any statutory barriers to 
        implementing the master plan and legislative proposals to 
        address such barriers.
    (c) Consultation.--In developing the master plan required under 
subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense and the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Research and Engineering shall consult with--
            (1) the Secretary of each military department;
            (2) the Service Acquisition Executives with 
        responsibilities relevant to the laboratories;
            (3) the commander of each military command with 
        responsibilities relating to research and engineering that is 
        affected by the master plan; and
            (4) any other officials determined to be relevant by the 
        Secretary of Defense and the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering.
    (d) Initial Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report that identifies any barriers that prevent the full use and 
implementation of current authorities and responsibilities and such 
other authorities as are determined to be relevant by the Secretary of 
Defense, including any barriers presented by the policies, authorities, 
and activities of--
            (1) organizations and elements of the Department of 
        Defense; and
            (2) organizations outside the Department.
    (e) Final Report.--Not later than October 30, 2020, the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees--
            (1) the master plan developed under subsection (a); and
            (2) a report on the activities carried out under this 
        section.

SEC. 232. MASTER PLAN FOR INFRASTRUCTURE REQUIRED TO SUPPORT RESEARCH, 
              DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION MISSIONS.

    (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the Secretaries of the military departments, shall develop and 
implement a master plan that addresses the research, development, test, 
and evaluation infrastructure and modernization requirements of the 
Department of Defense, including the science and technology reinvention 
laboratories and the facilities of the Major Range and Test Facility 
Base.
    (b) Earthquake-Damaged Infrastructure Restoration Master Plan.--
            (1) In general.--In the case of any base damaged by the 
        July 2019 earthquakes within the R-2508 Special Use Airspace 
        Complex (including U.S. Air Force Plant 42), the Secretary of 
        Defense shall complete and submit to the congressional defense 
        committees the master plan required by subsection (a), by not 
        later than October 1, 2019. If additional funding is required 
        to repair or improve the installations' research, development, 
        test, evaluation, training, and related infrastructure to a 
        modern standard as a result of damage caused by the 
        earthquakes, the request for funding shall be made in either a 
        disaster or supplemental appropriations request to Congress or 
        the Secretary of Defense shall include the request for funding 
        in the annual budget submission of the President under section 
        1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, whichever comes first. 
        The request for additional funding may be included in both 
        requests if appropriate.
            (2) Policy of the united states.--
                    (A) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress 
                that--
                            (i) the military installations located 
                        within the R-2508 Special Use Airspace Complex, 
                        including Edwards Air Force Base, Fort Irwin, 
                        and Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake, are 
                        national assets of critical importance to our 
                        country's defense system;
                            (ii) the R-2508 Special Use Airspace 
                        Complex is comprised of all airspace and 
                        associated land used and managed by the 412 
                        Test Wing at Edwards Air Force Base, the 
                        National Training Center at Fort Irwin, and the 
                        Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division at 
                        China Lake, California;
                            (iii) the essential research, development, 
                        test, and evaluation missions conducted at 
                        Edwards Air Force Base and Naval Air Weapons 
                        Station China Lake, along with the critical 
                        combat preparation training conducted at Fort 
                        Irwin, make these installations vital 
                        cornerstones within our National Defense 
                        architecture integrating all operational 
                        domains, air, land, sea, space, and cyberspace;
                            (iv) any damage to these military 
                        installations caused by the earthquakes and the 
                        negative impact on the installations' missions 
                        as a result are a cause for concern;
                            (v) the proud men and women, both in 
                        uniform and their civilian counterparts, who 
                        work at these military installations develop, 
                        test, and evaluate the best tools and impart 
                        the training needed for our warfighters, so 
                        that our military remains second to none;
                            (vi) in light of the earthquakes in July 
                        2019, the Secretary of Defense should reprogram 
                        or marshal, to the fullest extent the law 
                        allows, all available resources that are 
                        necessary and appropriate to ensure--
                                    (I) the safety and security of the 
                                base employees, both civilian and those 
                                in uniform, including those who have 
                                been evacuated;
                                    (II) the bases are mission capable; 
                                and
                                    (III) that all the damage caused by 
                                any earthquake is repaired and improved 
                                as expeditiously as possible.
                    (B) Policy.--It is the policy of the United States, 
                when planning or making repairs on military 
                installations damaged by natural disasters, the current 
                and future requirements of these military 
                installations, as identified in the National Defense 
                Strategy, shall, to the fullest extent practical, be 
                made.
    (c) Elements.--The master plan required under subsection (a) shall 
include, with respect to the research, development, test, and 
evaluation infrastructure of the Department of Defense, the following:
            (1) A summary of deficiencies in the infrastructure, by 
        location, and the effect of the deficiencies on the ability of 
        the Department--
                    (A) to meet current and future military 
                requirements identified in the National Defense 
                Strategy;
                    (B) to support science and technology development 
                and acquisition programs; and
                    (C) to recruit and train qualified personnel.
            (2) A summary of existing and emerging military research, 
        development, test, and evaluation mission areas, by location, 
        that require modernization investments in the infrastructure--
                    (A) to improve operations in a manner that may 
                benefit all users;
                    (B) to enhance the overall capabilities of the 
                research, development, test, and evaluation 
                infrastructure, including facilities and resources;
                    (C) to improve safety for personnel and facilities; 
                and
                    (D) to reduce the long-term cost of operation and 
                maintenance.
            (3) Identification of specific infrastructure projects that 
        are required to address the infrastructure deficiencies 
        identified under paragraph (1) or to support the existing and 
        emerging mission areas identified under paragraph (2).
            (4) For each project identified under paragraph (3)--
                    (A) a description of the scope of work;
                    (B) a cost estimate;
                    (C) a summary of the plan for the project;
                    (D) an explanation of the level of priority that 
                will be given to the project; and
                    (E) a schedule of required infrastructure 
                investments.
            (5) A description of how the Department, including each 
        military department concerned, will carry out the 
        infrastructure projects identified in paragraph (3) using the 
        range of authorities and methods available to the Department, 
        including--
                    (A) military construction authority under section 
                2802 of title 10, United States Code;
                    (B) unspecified minor military construction 
                authority under section 2805(a) of such title;
                    (C) laboratory revitalization authority under 
                section 2805(d) of such title;
                    (D) the authority to carry out facility repair 
                projects, including the conversion of existing 
                facilities, under section 2811 of such title;
                    (E) the authority provided under the Defense 
                Laboratory Modernization Pilot Program under section 
                2803 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
                Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2358 
                note);
                    (F) methods that leverage funding from entities 
                outside the Department, including public-private 
                partnerships, enhanced use leases, real property 
                exchanges; and
                    (G) any other authorities and methods determined to 
                be appropriate by the Secretary of Defense.
            (6) An updated description of real property asset military 
        construction needs at MRTFBs compared to those reported by the 
        Department of Defense in response to House Report 114-102, to 
        accompany H.R. 1735, the National Defense Authorization Act of 
        Fiscal Year 2016.
            (7) An assessment of the Department of Defense Test and 
        Resource Management Center's ability to support testing for 
        future warfare needs at MRTFBs, including those identified in 
        the Department of Defense 2018 National Defense Strategy.
            (8) Identification of any statutory, regulatory, or policy 
        barriers to implementing the master plan and regulatory, 
        policy, or legislative proposals to address such barriers.
    (d) Consultation and Use of Contract Authority.--In implementing 
the plan required under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense 
shall--
            (1) consult with existing and anticipated users of the 
        Major Range and Test Facility Base; and
            (2) consider using the contract authority provided to the 
        Secretary under section 2681 of title 10, United States Code.
    (e) Submission to Congress.--Not later than October 30, 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees the master plan developed under subsection (a).
    (f) Research and Development Infrastructure Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``research, development, test, and evaluation 
infrastructure'' means the infrastructure of--
            (1) the science and technology reinvention laboratories (as 
        designated under section 1105 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 
        U.S.C. 2358 note));
            (2) the Major Range and Test Facility Base (as defined in 
        section 2358a(f)(3) of title 10, United States Code);
            (3) other facilities that support the research development, 
        test, and evaluation activities of the Department; and
            (4) the United States Naval Observatory (as described in 
        section 8715 of title 10, United States Code).

SEC. 233. STRATEGY AND IMPLEMENTATION PLAN FOR FIFTH GENERATION 
              INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall develop--
            (1) a strategy for harnessing fifth generation (commonly 
        known as ``5G'') information and communications technologies to 
        enhance military capabilities, maintain a technological 
        advantage on the battlefield, and accelerate the deployment of 
        new commercial products and services enabled by 5G networks 
        throughout the Department of Defense; and
            (2) a plan for implementing the strategy developed under 
        paragraph (1).
    (b) Elements.--The strategy required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
            (1) Adoption and use of secure fourth generation (commonly 
        known as ``4G'') communications technologies and the transition 
        to advanced and secure 5G communications technologies for 
        military applications.
            (2) Science, technology, research, and development efforts 
        to facilitate the advancement and adoption of 5G technology and 
        new uses of 5G systems, subsystems, and components, including--
                    (A) 5G testbeds for developing military 
                applications; and
                    (B) spectrum-sharing technologies and frameworks.
            (3) Strengthening engagement and outreach with industry, 
        academia, international partners, and other departments and 
        agencies of the Federal Government on issues relating to 5G 
        technology.
            (4) Defense industrial base supply chain risk, management, 
        and opportunities.
            (5) Preserving the ability of the Joint Force to achieve 
        objectives in a contested and congested spectrum environment.
            (6) Strengthening the ability of the Joint Force to conduct 
        full spectrum operations that enhance the military advantages 
        of the United States.
            (7) Securing the information technology and weapon systems 
        of the Department against malicious activity.
            (8) Such other matters as the Secretary of Defense 
        determines to be relevant.
    (c) Consultation.--In developing the strategy and implementation 
plan required under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall 
consult with the following:
            (1) The Chief Information Officer of the Department of 
        Defense.
            (2) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering.
            (3) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment.
            (4) The Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence.
            (5) Service Acquisition Executives of each military 
        service.
    (d) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
congressional defense committees a briefing on the progress of the 
Secretary in developing the strategy and implementation plan required 
under subsection (a).

SEC. 234. DEPARTMENT-WIDE SOFTWARE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY.

    (a) Designation of Senior Official.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting 
through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and 
in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment, shall designate a single official or existing entity 
within the Department of Defense as the official or entity (as the case 
may be) with principal responsibility for guiding the direction of 
research and development of next generation software and software 
intensive systems for the Department, including the research and 
development of--
            (1) new technologies for the creation of highly secure, 
        reliable, and mission-critical software; and
            (2) new approaches to software development, data-based 
        analytics, and next generation management tools.
    (b) Development of Strategy.--The official or entity designated 
under subsection (a) shall develop a Department-wide strategy for the 
research and development of next generation software and software 
intensive systems for the Department of Defense, including strategies 
for--
            (1) types of software innovation efforts within the science 
        and technology portfolio of the Department;
            (2) investment in new approaches to software development, 
        data-based analytics, and next generation management tools;
            (3) ongoing research and other support of academic, 
        commercial, and development community efforts to innovate the 
        software development, engineering, and testing process;
            (4) to the extent practicable, implementing the 
        recommendations set forth in--
                    (A) the final report of the Defense Innovation 
                Board submitted to the congressional defense committees 
                under section 872 of the National Defense Authorization 
                Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 
                1497); and
                    (B) the final report of the Defense Science Board 
                Task Force on the Design and Acquisition of Software 
                for Defense Systems described in section 868 of the 
                John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for 
                Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2223 
                note);
            (5) supporting the acquisition, technology development, and 
        test and operational needs of the Department through the 
        development of capabilities, including personnel and 
        infrastructure, and programs in--
                    (A) the science and technology reinvention 
                laboratories (as designated under section 1105 of the 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 
                (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note));
                    (B) the facilities of the Major Range and Test 
                Facility Base (as defined in section 2358a(f)(3) of 
                title 10, United States Code); and
                    (C) the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; 
                and
            (6) the transition of relevant capabilities and 
        technologies to information technology programs of the 
        Department, including software intensive tactical systems, 
        enterprise systems, and business systems.
    (c) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the official or entity designated under 
subsection (a) shall submit to the congressional defense committees the 
strategy developed under subsection (b).

SEC. 235. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE EDUCATION STRATEGY.

    (a) Strategy Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
        strategy for educating service members in relevant occupational 
        fields on matters relating to artificial intelligence.
            (2) Elements.--The strategy developed under subsection (a) 
        shall include a curriculum designed to give service members a 
        basic knowledge of artificial intelligence. The curriculum 
        shall include instruction in--
                    (A) artificial intelligence design;
                    (B) software coding;
                    (C) potential military applications for artificial 
                intelligence;
                    (D) the impact of artificial intelligence on 
                military strategy and doctrine;
                    (E) artificial intelligence decisionmaking via 
                machine learning and neural networks;
                    (F) ethical issues relating to artificial 
                intelligence;
                    (G) the potential biases of artificial 
                intelligence;
                    (H) potential weakness in artificial intelligence 
                technology;
                    (I) opportunities and risks; and
                    (J) any other matters the Secretary of Defense 
                determines to be relevant.
    (b) Implementation Plan.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
        plan for implementing the strategy developed under subsection 
        (a).
            (2) Elements.--The implementation plan required under 
        paragraph (1) shall identify the following:
                    (A) The military occupational specialties 
                (applicable to enlisted members and officers) that are 
                most likely to involve interaction with artificial 
                intelligence technology.
                    (B) The specific occupational specialties that will 
                receive training in accordance with the curriculum 
                described in subsection (a)(2).
                    (C) The duration of the training.
                    (D) The context in which the training will be 
                provided, which may include basic training, 
                occupationally specific training, and professional 
                military education.
                    (E) Metrics for evaluating the effectiveness of the 
                training and curriculum.
                    (F) Any other issues the Secretary of Defense 
                determines to be relevant.
    (c) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than 270 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees--
            (1) the strategy developed under subsection (a); and
            (2) the implementation plan developed under subsection (b).

SEC. 236. BIANNUAL REPORT ON THE JOINT ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CENTER.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act and biannually thereafter through the end of 2023, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center 
(referred to in this section as the ``Center'').
    (b) Elements.--Each report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) Information relating to the mission and objectives of 
        the Center.
            (2) A description of the National Mission Initiatives, 
        Component Mission Initiatives, and any other initiatives of the 
        Center, including a description of--
                    (A) the activities carried out under the 
                initiatives;
                    (B) any investments made or contracts entered into 
                under the initiatives; and
                    (C) the progress of the initiatives.
            (3) A description of how the Center has sought to leverage 
        lessons learned, share best practices, avoid duplication of 
        efforts, and transition artificial intelligence research 
        efforts into operational capabilities by--
                    (A) collaborating with other organizations and 
                elements of the Department of Defense, including the 
                Defense Agencies and the military departments; and
                    (B) deconflicting the activities of the Center with 
                the activities of other organizations and elements of 
                the Department.
            (4) A description any collaboration between--
                    (A) the Center and the private sector and academia; 
                and
                    (B) the Center and international allies and 
                partners.
            (5) The total number of military, contractor, and civilian 
        personnel who are employed by the Center, assigned to the 
        Center, and performing functions in support of the Center.
            (6) A description of the organizational structure and 
        staffing of the Center.
            (7) A detailed description of the frameworks, metrics, and 
        capabilities established to measure the effectiveness of the 
        Center and the Center's investments in the National Mission 
        Initiatives and Component Mission Initiatives.
            (8) A description of any new policies, standards, or 
        guidance relating to artificial intelligence that have been 
        issued by the Chief Information Officer of the Department.
    (c) Joint Artificial Intelligence Center Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``Joint Artificial Intelligence Center'' means the Joint 
Artificial Intelligence Center of the Department of Defense established 
pursuant to section 238 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232).

SEC. 237. QUARTERLY UPDATES ON THE OPTIONALLY MANNED FIGHTING VEHICLE 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Beginning not later than October 1, 2019, and on a 
quarterly basis thereafter through October 1, 2025, the Assistant 
Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology, in 
consultation with the Commander of the Army Futures Command, shall 
provide to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives a briefing on the progress of the Optionally Manned 
Fighting Vehicle program of the Army.
    (b) Elements.--Each briefing under subsection (a) shall include, 
with respect to the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle program, the 
following elements:
            (1) An overview of funding for the program, including 
        identification of--
                    (A) any obligations and expenditures that have been 
                made under the program; and
                    (B) any obligations and expenditures that are 
                planned for the program.
            (2) An overview of the program schedule.
            (3) A description of each contract awarded under the 
        program, including a description of the type of contract and 
        the status of the contract.
            (4) An assessment of the status of the program with respect 
        to--
                    (A) the development and approval of technical 
                requirements;
                    (B) technological maturity;
                    (C) testing;
                    (D) delivery; and
                    (E) program management.

SEC. 238. GRANTS FOR CIVICS EDUCATION PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a program 
under which the Secretary makes grants to eligible entities, on a 
competitive basis, to support the development and evaluation of civics 
education programs.
    (b) Application.--To be eligible to receive a grant under this 
section an eligible entity shall submit to the Secretary of Defense an 
application at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
information as the Secretary may require. Applications submitted under 
this subsection shall be evaluated on the basis of merit pursuant to 
competitive procedures prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.
    (c) Selection Criteria.--To be selected to receive a grant under 
this section an eligible entity shall demonstrate each of the following 
to the satisfaction of the Secretary:
            (1) The civics education program proposed by the entity 
        will include innovative approaches for improving civics 
        education.
            (2) The entity will dedicate sufficient resources to the 
        program.
            (3) As part of the program, the entity will conduct 
        evaluations in accordance with subsection (f)(1)(B).
            (4) The entity will carry out activities to disseminate the 
        results of the evaluations described in such subsection, 
        including publication of the results in peer-reviewed academic 
        journals.
    (d) Geographic Distribution.--To the extent practicable, the 
Secretary of Defense shall ensure an equitable geographic distribution 
of grants under this section.
    (e) Consultation.--In awarding grants under this section, the 
Secretary of Defense shall consult with the Secretary of Education.
    (f) Uses of Funds.--
            (1) Required uses of funds.--An eligible entity that 
        receives a grant under this section shall use such grant--
                    (A) to establish a civics education program or to 
                improve an existing civics education program; and
                    (B) to evaluate the effect of the program on 
                participants, including with respect to--
                            (i) critical thinking and media literacy;
                            (ii) voting and other forms of political 
                        and civic engagement;
                            (iii) interest in employment, and careers, 
                        in public service;
                            (iv) understanding of United States law, 
                        history, and Government; and
                            (v) the ability of participants to 
                        collaborate and compromise with others to solve 
                        problems.
            (2) Allowable uses of funds.--An eligible entity that 
        receives a grant under this section may use such grant for--
                    (A) the development or modification of curricula 
                relating to civics education;
                    (B) classroom activities, thesis projects, 
                individual or team projects, internships, or community 
                service activities relating to civics;
                    (C) collaboration with government entities, 
                nonprofit organizations, or consortia of such entities 
                and organizations to provide participants with civics-
                related experiences;
                    (D) civics-related faculty development programs;
                    (E) recruitment of educators who are highly 
                qualified in civics education to teach civics or to 
                assist with the development of curricula for civics 
                education;
                    (F) presentation of seminars, workshops, and 
                training for the development of skills associated with 
                civic engagement;
                    (G) activities that enable participants to interact 
                with government officials and entities;
                    (H) expansion of civics education programs and 
                outreach for members of the Armed Forces, dependents 
                and children of such members and employees of the 
                Department of Defense; and
                    (I) opportunities for participants to obtain work 
                experience in fields relating to civics.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``civics education program'' means an 
        educational program that provides participants with--
                    (A) knowledge of law, government, and the rights of 
                citizens; and
                    (B) skills that enable participants to responsibly 
                participate in democracy.
            (2) The term ``eligible entity'' means a Department of 
        Defense domestic dependent elementary or secondary school (as 
        described in section 2164 of title 10, United States Code).

SEC. 239. TECHNOLOGY AND NATIONAL SECURITY FELLOWSHIP.

    (a) Fellowship Program.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting 
        through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering, may establish a civilian fellowship program 
        designed to place eligible individuals within the Department of 
        Defense to increase the number of national security 
        professionals with science, technology, engineering, and 
        mathematics credentials employed by the Department.
            (2) Designation.--The fellowship program established under 
        paragraph (1) shall be known as the ``Technology and National 
        Security Fellowship'' (in this section referred to as the 
        ``fellows program'').
            (3) Employment.--Fellows will be assigned to a one year 
        tour of duty within the Department of Defense.
            (4) Pay and benefits.--An individual assigned to a position 
        under the fellows program shall be compensated at the rate of 
        compensation for employees at level GS-10 of the General 
        Schedule, and shall be treated as an employee of the United 
        States during the term of assignment.
    (b) Eligible Individuals.--For purposes of this section, and 
subject to subsection (f)(3), an eligible individual is any individual 
who--
            (1) is a citizen of the United States; and
            (2) either--
                    (A) expects to be awarded an associate, 
                undergraduate, or graduate degree that, as determined 
                by the Secretary, focuses on science, technology, 
                engineering, or mathematics course work not later than 
                180 days after the date on which the individual submits 
                an application for participation in the fellows 
                program; or
                    (B) possesses an associate, undergraduate, or 
                graduate degree that, as determined by the Secretary, 
                focuses on science, technology, engineering, or 
                mathematics course work that was awarded not earlier 
                than one year before the date on which the individual 
                submits an application for participation in the fellows 
                program.
    (c) Application Required.--Each individual seeking to participate 
in the fellows program shall submit to the Secretary an application 
therefor at such time and in such manner as the Secretary shall 
specify.
    (d) Coordination.--
            (1) In general.--In carrying out this section, the 
        Secretary may consider coordinating or partnering with the 
        entities specified in paragraph (2).
            (2) Entities specified.--The entities specified in this 
        paragraph are the following:
                    (A) The National Security Innovation Network.
                    (B) Universities affiliated with Hacking for 
                Defense.
    (f) Modifications to Fellows Program.--As the Secretary considers 
necessary to modify the fellows program, and in coordination with the 
entities specified in subsection (d)(2), as the Secretary considers 
appropriate, the Secretary may--
            (1) determine the length of a fellowship term;
            (2) establish the rate of compensation for an individual 
        selected to participate in the fellows program; and
            (3) change the eligibility requirements for participation 
        in the fellows program, including who is considered an eligible 
        individual for purposes of the fellows program.
    (g) Consultation.--The Secretary may consult with the heads of the 
agencies, components, and other elements of the Department of Defense 
and such institutions of higher education and private entities engaged 
in work on national security and emerging technologies as the Secretary 
considers appropriate for purposes of the fellows program, including 
fellowship assignments.

SEC. 240. NATIONAL SECURITY COMMISSION ON DEFENSE RESEARCH AT 
              HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES AND OTHER 
              MINORITY INSTITUTIONS.

    (a) Establishment.--
            (1) In general.--There is established in the executive 
        branch an independent Commission to review the state of defense 
        research at covered institutions.
            (2) Treatment.--The Commission shall be considered an 
        independent establishment of the Federal Government as defined 
        by section 104 of title 5, United States Code, and a temporary 
        organization under section 3161 of such title.
            (3) Designation.--The Commission established under 
        paragraph (1) shall be known as the ``National Security 
        Commission on Defense Research At Historically Black Colleges 
        and Universities and Other Minority Institutions''.
            (4) Membership.--
                    (A) Composition.--The Commission shall be composed 
                of 11 members appointed as follows:
                            (i) The Secretary of Defense shall appoint 
                        2 members.
                            (ii) The Secretary of Education shall 
                        appoint 1 member.
                            (iii) The Chairman of the Committee on 
                        Armed Services of the Senate shall appoint 1 
                        member.
                            (iv) The Ranking Member of the Committee on 
                        Armed Services of the Senate shall appoint 1 
                        member.
                            (v) The Chairman of the Committee on Armed 
                        Services of the House of Representatives shall 
                        appoint 1 member.
                            (vi) The Ranking Member of the Committee on 
                        Armed Services of the House of Representatives 
                        shall appoint 1 member.
                            (vii) The Chairman of the Committee on 
                        Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the 
                        Senate shall appoint 1 member.
                            (viii) The Ranking Member of the Committee 
                        on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of 
                        the Senate shall appoint 1 member.
                            (ix) The Chairman of the Committee on 
                        Education and Labor of the House of 
                        Representatives shall appoint 1 member.
                            (x) The Ranking Member of the Committee on 
                        Education and Labor of the House of 
                        Representatives shall appoint 1 member.
                    (B) Deadline for appointment.--Members shall be 
                appointed to the Commission under subparagraph (A) not 
                later than 90 days after the date on which the 
                commission is established.
                    (C) Effect of lack of appointment by appointment 
                date.--If one or more appointments under subparagraph 
                (A) is not made by the appointment date specified in 
                subparagraph (B), or if a position described in 
                subparagraph (A) is vacant for more than 90 days, the 
                authority to make such appointment shall transfer to 
                the Chair of the Commission.
            (5) Chair and vice chair.--The Commission shall elect a 
        Chair and Vice Chair from among its members.
            (6) Terms.--Members shall be appointed for the life of the 
        Commission. A vacancy in the Commission shall not affect its 
        powers and shall be filled in the same manner as the original 
        appointment was made.
            (7) Status as federal employees.--Notwithstanding the 
        requirements of section 2105 of title 5, United States Code, 
        including the required supervision under subsection (a)(3) of 
        such section, the members of the Commission shall be deemed to 
        be Federal employees.
    (b) Duties.--
            (1) In general.--The Commission shall carry out the review 
        described in paragraph (2). In carrying out such review, the 
        Commission shall consider the methods and means necessary to 
        advance research capacity at covered institutions to 
        comprehensively address the national security and defense needs 
        of the United States.
            (2) Scope of the review.--In conducting the review under 
        paragraph (1), the Commission shall consider the following:
                    (A) The competitiveness of covered institutions in 
                developing, pursuing, capturing, and executing defense 
                research with the Department of Defense through 
                contracts and grants.
                    (B) Means and methods for advancing the capacity of 
                covered institutions to conduct research related to 
                national security and defense.
                    (C) The advancements and investments necessary to 
                elevate covered institutions to R2 status on the 
                Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher 
                Education, covered institutions to R1 status on the 
                Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher 
                Education, one covered institution or a consortium of 
                multiple covered institutions to the capability of a 
                University Affiliated Research Center, and identify the 
                candidate institutions for each category.
                    (D) The facilities and infrastructure for defense-
                related research at covered institutions as compared to 
                the facilities and infrastructure at universities 
                classified as R1 status on the Carnegie Classification 
                of Institutions of Higher Education.
                    (E) Incentives to attract, recruit, and retain 
                leading research faculty to covered institutions.
                    (F) The legal and organizational structure of the 
                contracting entity of covered institutions as compared 
                to the legal and organizational structure of the 
                contracting entity of covered institutions at 
                universities classified as R1 status on the Carnegie 
                Classification of Institutions of Higher Education.
                    (G) The ability of covered institutions to develop, 
                protect, and commercialize intellectual property 
                created through defense-related research.
                    (H) The amount of defense research funding awarded 
                to all colleges and universities through contracts and 
                grants for the fiscal years of 2010 through 2019, 
                including--
                            (i) the legal mechanism under which the 
                        organization was formed;
                            (ii) the total value of contracts and 
                        grants awarded to the organization during 
                        fiscal years 2010 to 2019;
                            (iii) the overhead rate of the organization 
                        for fiscal year 2019;
                            (iv) the Carnegie Classification of 
                        Institutions of Higher Education of the 
                        associated university or college;
                            (v) if the associated university or college 
                        qualifies as a historically Black college or 
                        university or a minority institution.
                    (I) Areas for improvement in the programs executed 
                under section 2362 of title 10, United States Code, the 
                existing authorization to enhance defense-related 
                research and education at covered institutions.
                    (J) Previous executive or legislative actions by 
                the Federal Government to address the imbalance in 
                federal research funding, such as the Established 
                Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (commonly 
                known as ``EPSCoR'').
                    (K) The effectiveness of the Department of Defense 
                in attracting and retaining students specializing in 
                STEM from covered institutions for the Department's 
                programs on emerging capabilities and technologies.
                    (L) Any other matters the Commission deems relevant 
                to the advancing the defense research capacity of 
                covered institutions.
    (c) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Commission shall submit to 
        the President and Congress an initial report on the findings of 
        the Commission and such recommendations that the Commission may 
        have for action by the executive branch and Congress related to 
        the covered institutions participating in Department of Defense 
        research and actions necessary to expand their research 
        capacity.
            (2) Final report.--Prior to the date on which the 
        commission terminates under subsection (d), the Commission 
        shall submit to the President and Congress a comprehensive 
        report on the results of the review required under subsection 
        (b).
            (3) Form of reports.--Reports submitted under this 
        subsection shall be made publically available.
    (d) List of Covered Institutions.--The Commission, in consultation 
with the Secretary of Education and the Secretary of Defense, shall 
make available a list identifying each covered institution. The list 
shall be made available on a publicly accessible website of the 
Department of Defense and the Department of Education and shall be 
updated not less frequently than once annually during the life of the 
Commission.
    (e) Termination.--The Commission shall terminate on December 31, 
2021.
    (f) Covered Institution Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered institution'' means--
            (1) a part B institution (as that term is defined in 
        section 322(2) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
        1061(2)); or
            (2) any other institution of higher education (as that term 
        is defined in section 101 of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1001)) at 
        which not less than 50 percent of the total student enrollment 
        consists of students from ethnic groups that are 
        underrepresented in the fields of science and engineering.

SEC. 241. INCREASE IN FUNDING FOR BASIC OPERATIONAL MEDICAL RESEARCH 
              SCIENCE.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as 
specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, for 
research, development, test, and evaluation, Defense-wide, basic 
research, basic operational medical research science, line 004 (PE 
0601117E) is hereby increased by $5,000,000 (with the amount of such 
increase to be made available for partnering with universities to 
research brain injuries).
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in the 
corresponding funding table in section 4301, for operation and 
maintenance, Defense-wide, operating forces, Special Operations Command 
management/operational headquarters, line 080 is hereby reduced by 
$5,000,000.

SEC. 242. INCREASE IN FUNDING FOR UNIVERSITY RESEARCH INITIATIVES.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as 
specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, for 
research, development, test, and evaluation, Army, basic research, 
university research initiatives, line 003 (PE 0601103A) is hereby 
increased by $5,000,000 (with the amount of such increase to be made 
available for studying ways to increase the longevity and resilience of 
infrastructure on military bases).
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in the 
corresponding funding table in section 4301, for operation and 
maintenance, Defense-wide, operating forces, Special Operations Command 
management/operational headquarters, line 080 is hereby reduced by 
$5,000,000.

SEC. 243. QUANTUM INFORMATION SCIENCE INNOVATION CENTER.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the Secretary of the Air Force, shall establish a Quantum Information 
Science Innovation Center to accelerate the research and development of 
quantum information sciences by the Air Force.
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of the Quantum Information Science 
Innovation Center shall be to--
            (1) provide an environment where researchers from the Air 
        Force, Government, industry, and academia can collaborate to 
        solve difficult problems using quantum information technology;
            (2) accelerate the research and development of new 
        computing technologies, including quantum information sciences; 
        and
            (3) stimulate research and development of quantum 
        information sciences technologies by building upon the quantum 
        information technology developed at the Air Force Research 
        Laboratory Information Directorate, including secure 
        communication networks and advanced computing technology.
    (c) Funding.--
            (1) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the 
        funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be 
        appropriated in section 201 for research, development, test, 
        and evaluation, as specified in the corresponding funding table 
        in section 4201, for research, development, test, and 
        evaluation, Air Force, applied research, dominant information 
        sciences and methods, line 014 is hereby increased by 
        $10,000,000 (to be made available for the establishment of the 
        Quantum Information Science Innovation Center under subsection 
        (a)).
            (2) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the 
        funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be 
        appropriated in section 301 for operation and maintenance, as 
        specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4301, 
        for operation and maintenance, Defense-wide, operating forces, 
        Special Operations Command Operational Support, line 090 is 
        hereby reduced by $10,000,000.

SEC. 244. INCREASE IN FUNDING FOR NAVAL UNIVERSITY RESEARCH 
              INITIATIVES.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as 
specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201 for 
research, development, test, and evaluation, Navy, basic research, 
University Research Initiatives, Line 001 (PE 0601103N) is hereby 
increased by $5,000,000.
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in the 
corresponding funding table in section 4301, for operation and 
maintenance, Defense-wide, operating forces, Special Operations Command 
Theater Forces, line 100 is hereby reduced by $5,000,000.

SEC. 245. INCREASE IN FUNDING FOR UNIVERSITY AND INDUSTRY RESEARCH 
              CENTERS.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as 
specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, for 
research, development, test, and evaluation, Army, basic research for 
university and industry research centers, line 004 (PE 0601104A) is 
hereby increased by $5,000,000.
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in the 
corresponding funding table in section 4301, for operation and 
maintenance, Air Force, operational systems development, AF integrated 
personnel and pay system (AF-IPPS), line 158 (PE 0605018F) is hereby 
reduced by $5,000,000.

SEC. 246. INCREASE IN FUNDING FOR NATIONAL SECURITY INNOVATION CAPITAL.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as 
specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, for 
research, development, test, and evaluation, Defense-wide, for Defense 
Innovation Unit (DIU) Prototyping is hereby increased by $75,000,000 
(to be used in support of national security innovation capital).
    (b) Offset.--Not withstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as 
specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, for 
research, development, test, and evaluation, Defense-wide, advanced 
component development and prototypes, advanced innovative technologies, 
line 096 (PE 0604250D8Z) is hereby reduced by $75,000,000.

SEC. 247. INCREASE IN FUNDING FOR AIR FORCE UNIVERSITY RESEARCH 
              INITIATIVES.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as 
specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, for 
research, development, test, and evaluation, Air Force, basic research, 
University Research Initiatives, line 002 (PE 0601103F) is hereby 
increased by $5,000,000.
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in the 
corresponding funding table in section 4301, for operation and 
maintenance, Defense-wide, operating forces, Special Operations Command 
Theater Forces, line 100 is hereby reduced by $5,000,000.

SEC. 248. INCREASE IN FUNDING FOR NAVAL UNIVERSITY RESEARCH 
              INITIATIVES.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as 
specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201 for Navy 
basic research, University Research Initiatives, line 001 (PE 0601103N) 
is hereby increased by $5,000,000.
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in the 
corresponding funding table in section 4301, for operation and 
maintenance, Defense-wide, operating forces, Special Operations Command 
Theater Forces, line 100 is hereby reduced by $5,000,000.

SEC. 249. STUDY AND REPORT ON LAB-EMBEDDED ENTREPRENEURIAL FELLOWSHIP 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) Study.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering, in consultation with the Director of the Advanced 
Manufacturing Office of the Department of Energy, shall conduct a study 
on the feasibility and potential benefits of establishing a lab-
embedded entrepreneurial fellowship program.
    (b) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall include, with 
respect to a lab-embedded entrepreneurial fellowship program, the 
following:
            (1) An estimate of administrative and programmatic costs 
        and materials, including appropriate levels of living stipends 
        and health insurance to attract a competitive pool of 
        applicants.
            (2) An assessment of capacity for entrepreneurial fellows 
        to use laboratory facilities and equipment.
            (3) An assessment of the benefits for participants in the 
        program through access to mentorship, education, and networking 
        and exposure to leaders from academia, industry, government, 
        and finance.
            (4) Assessment of the benefits for the Department of 
        Defense science and technology activities through partnerships 
        and exchanges with program fellows.
            (5) An estimate of the economic benefits created by the 
        implementation of this program, based in part on similar 
        entrepreneurial programs.
    (c) Consultation.--In conducting the study under subsection (a), 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall 
consult with the following, as necessary:
            (1) The Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects 
        Agency.
            (2) The Director of Research for each military service.
            (3) Relevant research facilities, including the Department 
        of Energy National Laboratories (as defined in section 2 of the 
        Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15801)).
    (d) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering shall submit to the designated 
        recipients a report on the results of the study conducted under 
        subsection (a). At minimum, the report shall include an 
        explanation of the results of the study with respect to each 
        element set forth in subsection (b).
            (2) Nonduplication of efforts.--The Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Research and Engineering may use or add to any 
        existing reports completed by the Department in order to meet 
        the reporting requirement under paragraph (1).
            (3) Form of report.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
        annex.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``designated recipients'' means the following:
                    (A) The Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
                on Science, Space, and Technology, and the Committee on 
                Appropriations of the House of Representatives.
                    (B) The Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
                on Energy and Natural Resources, and the Committee on 
                Appropriations of the Senate.
                    (C) The Secretary of Defense.
                    (D) The Secretary of Energy.
            (2) The term ``lab-embedded entrepreneurial fellowship 
        program'' means a competitive, two-year program in which 
        participants (to be known as ``fellows'') are selected from a 
        pool of applicants to work in a Federal research facility where 
        the fellows will conduct research, development, and 
        demonstration activities, commercialize technology, and train 
        to be entrepreneurs.

SEC. 250. INDEPENDENT STUDY ON THREATS TO UNITED STATES NATIONAL 
              SECURITY FROM DEVELOPMENT OF HYPERSONIC WEAPONS BY 
              FOREIGN NATIONS.

    (a) Independent Study.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter 
into a contract with a federally funded research and development center 
under which the center will conduct a study on the development of 
hypersonic weapons capabilities by foreign nations and the threat posed 
by such capabilities to United States territory, forces and overseas 
bases, and allies.
    (b) Elements of Study.--The study required under subsection (a) 
shall--
            (1) describe the hypersonic weapons capabilities in 
        development in the People's Republic of China, the Russian 
        Federation, and other nations;
            (2) assess the proliferation risk that nations that develop 
        hypersonic weapons capabilities might transfer this technology 
        to other nations;
            (3) attempt to describe the rationale for why each nation 
        that is developing hypersonic weapons capabilities is 
        undertaking such development; and
            (4) examine the unique threats created to United States 
        national security by hypersonic weapons due to both their 
        maneuverability and speed, distinguishing between hypersonic 
        glide vehicles delivered by rocket boosters (known as boost-
        glide systems) and hypersonic cruise missiles, and further 
        distinguishing between longer-range systems that can reach 
        United States territory and shorter or medium range systems 
        that might be used in a regional conflict.
    (c) Submission to Department of Defense.--Not later than 270 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the federally funded 
research and development center that conducts the study under 
subsection (a) shall submit to the Secretary of Defense a report on the 
results of the study in both classified and unclassified form.
    (d) Submission to Congress.--Not later than 30 days after the date 
on which the Secretary of Defense receives the report under subsection 
(c), the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
an unaltered copy of the report in both classified and unclassified 
form, and any comments of the Secretary with respect to the report.

SEC. 251. REPORT ON INNOVATION INVESTMENTS AND MANAGEMENT.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than December 31, 2019, the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the efforts of the 
Department of Defense to improve innovation investments and management.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include an explanation of each of the following:
            (1) How incremental and disruptive innovation investments 
        for each military department are defined.
            (2) How such investments are assessed.
            (3) Whether the Under Secretary has defined a science and 
        technology management framework that--
                    (A) emphasizes greater use of existing flexible 
                approaches to more quickly initiate and discontinue 
                projects to respond to the rapid pace of innovation;
                    (B) incorporates acquisition stakeholders into 
                technology development programs to ensure that they are 
                relevant to customers; and
                    (C) promotes advanced prototyping of disruptive 
                technologies within the labs so that the science and 
                technology community can prove that these technologies 
                work to generate demand from future acquisition 
                programs.

SEC. 252. REQUIREMENT FOR ANNUAL REPORT SUMMARIZING THE OPERATIONAL 
              TEST AND EVALUATION ACTIVITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE.

    Section 139(h)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``, through January 31, 2021''.

SEC. 253. INCREASE IN FUNDING FOR ARMY UNIVERSITY RESEARCH INITIATIVES.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as 
specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201 for Army 
basic research, University Research Initiatives, Line 003 (PE 0601103A 
) is hereby increased by $5,000,000.
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as 
specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201 for 
research, development, test, and evaluation, Army, system development 
and demonstration, integrated personnel and pay system-Army (IPPS-A), 
Line 143 (PE 0605018A), is hereby reduced by $5,000,000.

SEC. 254. FUNDING FOR ANTI-TAMPER HETEROGENOUS INTEGRATED 
              MICROELECTRONICS.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as 
specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, for 
research, development, test, and evaluation, Defense-wide, advanced 
technology development, defense-wide manufacturing science and 
technology program, line 047 (PE 0603680D8Z) is hereby increased by 
$5,000,000 (with the amount of such increase to be made available for 
anti-tamper heterogeneous integrated microelectronics).
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 101 for procurement, as specified in the corresponding funding 
table in section 4101, for other procurement, Army, elect equip-
automation, general fund enterprise business systems fam, line 114 is 
hereby reduced by $5,000,000.

SEC. 255. BRIEFING ON USE OF BLOCKCHAIN TECHNOLOGY FOR DEFENSE 
              PURPOSES.

    (a) Briefing Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
and Engineering shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
briefing on the potential use of distributed ledger technology for 
defense purposes.
    (b) Elements.--The briefing under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) An explanation of how distributed ledger technology may 
        be used by the Department of Defense to--
                    (A) improve cybersecurity, beginning at the 
                hardware level, of vulnerable assets such as energy, 
                water and transport grids, through distributed versus 
                centralized computing;
                    (B) reduce single points of failure in emergency 
                and catastrophe decision-making by subjecting the 
                decision to consensus validation through distributed 
                ledger technologies;
                    (C) improve the efficiency of defense logistics and 
                supply chain operations;
                    (D) enhance the transparency of procurement 
                auditing; and
                    (E) allow innovations to be adapted by the private 
                sector for ancillary uses.
            (2) Such other information as the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Research and Engineering determines to be 
        appropriate.

SEC. 256. EFFORTS TO COUNTER MANIPULATED MEDIA CONTENT.

    (a) Briefing Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing on 
        initiatives of the Department of Defense to identify and 
        address, as appropriate and as authorized in support of 
        Department of Defense operations, manipulated media content, 
        specifically ``deepfakes''.
            (2) Elements.--The briefing required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) Status of efforts to develop technology to 
                identify manipulated content impacting the national 
                security of the United States.
                    (B) Challenges to detecting, labeling, and 
                preventing foreign actors' manipulation of images and 
                video impacting national security.
                    (C) Plans to make deepfake detection technology 
                available to the public and other Federal agencies for 
                use in identifying manipulated media.
                    (D) The efforts of the Department of Defense, as 
                appropriate, to engage academia and industry 
                stakeholders to combat deliberately manipulated or 
                deceptive information from state and non-state actors 
                on social media platforms impacting operations 
                overseas.
                    (E) An assessment of the ability of adversaries to 
                generate deepfakes.
                    (F) Recommendations for a long-term transition 
                partner organization.
    (b) Funding.--
            (1) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the 
        funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be 
        appropriated in section 201 for research, development, test, 
        and evaluation, as specified in the corresponding funding table 
        in section 4201, for research, development, test, and 
        evaluation, Defense-wide, applied research, SOF technology 
        development, line 022 (PE 1160401BB) is hereby increased by 
        $5,000,000 (with the amount of such increase to be made 
        available for Media Forensics).
            (2) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the 
        funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be 
        appropriated in section 201 for research, development, test, 
        and evaluation, as specified in the corresponding funding table 
        in section 4201 for research, development, test, and 
        evaluation, Air Force, operational systems development, AF 
        integrated personnel and pay system (AF-IPPS), line 158 (PE 
        0605018F) is hereby reduced by $5,000,000.
    (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to authorize an activity that will impact the privacy or 
civil liberties of United States persons.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are here by authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 
2020 for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies 
of the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, 
for operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in 
section 4301.

SEC. 302. FUNDING FOR ARMY COMMUNITY SERVICES.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301 for operation and maintenance for Army base operations 
support, line 100, as specified in the corresponding funding table in 
section 4301, for Army Community Services is hereby increased by 
$30,000,000.
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301 for operation and maintenance, for Army Force Readiness 
Operations Support, line 070, as specified in the corresponding funding 
table in section 4301, is hereby reduced by $15,000,000.
    (c) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301 for operation and maintenance, for Army Land Forces 
Operations Support, as specified in the corresponding funding table in 
section 4301, line 050, is hereby reduced by $15,000,000.

SEC. 303. INCREASE IN FUNDING FOR CIVIL MILITARY PROGRAMS.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
operation and maintenance, Defense-wide, as specified in the 
corresponding funding table in section 4301, for Civil Military 
Programs is hereby increased by $50,000,000 (to be used in support of 
the National Guard Youth Challenge Program).
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
operation and maintenance, Defense-wide, as specified in the 
corresponding funding table in section 4301, for Operation and 
Maintenance, Defense-wide is hereby reduced by $50,000,000.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

SEC. 311. TIMELINE FOR CLEARINGHOUSE REVIEW OF APPLICATIONS FOR ENERGY 
              PROJECTS THAT MAY HAVE AN ADVERSE IMPACT ON MILITARY 
              OPERATIONS AND READINESS.

    Section 183a(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``60 days'' and inserting ``90 days''.

SEC. 312. AUTHORITY TO MAKE FINAL FINDING ON DESIGNATION OF GEOGRAPHIC 
              AREAS OF CONCERN FOR PURPOSES OF ENERGY PROJECTS WITH 
              ADVERSE IMPACTS ON MILITARY OPERATIONS AND READINESS.

    Section 183a(d)(2)(E) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``or a Principal'' and inserting ``a''; and
            (2) by inserting ``, an Assistant Secretary of Defense, or 
        a Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense'' after ``Deputy Under 
        Secretary of Defense''.

SEC. 313. AUTHORITY TO ACCEPT CONTRIBUTIONS OF FUNDS FROM APPLICANTS 
              FOR ENERGY PROJECTS FOR MITIGATION OF IMPACTS ON MILITARY 
              OPERATIONS AND READINESS.

    Section 183a(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``for a project filed with the Secretary of Transportation 
pursuant to section 44718 of title 49'' and inserting ``for an energy 
project''.

SEC. 314. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE IMPROVEMENT OF PREVIOUSLY CONVEYED 
              UTILITY SYSTEMS SERVING MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

    Section 2688 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (k) as subsection (l); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (j) the following new 
        subsection (k):
    ``(k) Improvement of Conveyed Utility Systems.--In the case of a 
utility system that is conveyed under this section and that only 
provides utility services to a military installation, the Secretary 
concerned may use amounts authorized to be appropriated for military 
construction to improve the reliability, resilience, efficiency, 
physical security, or cybersecurity of the utility system.''.

SEC. 315. FIVE-YEAR AUTHORITY FOR NATIONAL GUARD ENVIRONMENTAL 
              RESTORATION PROJECTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSES.

    (a) In General.--Section 2707 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Temporary Authority for National Guard Projects.--
Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section and section 2701(c)(1) 
of this title, during the five-year period beginning on the date of the 
enactment of this subsection, the Secretary concerned may carry out an 
environmental restoration project if the Secretary determines that the 
project is necessary to carry out a response to perfluorooctanoic acid 
or perfluorooctane sulfonate contamination under this chapter or 
CERCLA.''.
    (b) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section, or the amendment made 
by this section, shall affect any requirement or authority under the 
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act 
of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.).

SEC. 316. SALE OF ELECTRICITY FROM ALTERNATE ENERGY AND COGENERATION 
              PRODUCTION FACILITIES.

    Section 2916(b)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the end; 
        and
            (2) in subparagraph (B)--
                    (A) by striking ``shall be available'' and all that 
                follows and inserting ``shall be provided directly to 
                the commander of the military installation in which the 
                geothermal energy resource is located to be used for--
                ''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new clauses:
                    ``(i) military construction projects described in 
                paragraph (2) that benefit the military installation 
                where the geothermal energy resource is located; or
                    ``(ii) energy or water security projects that--
                            ``(I) benefit the military installation 
                        where the geothermal energy resource is 
                        located;
                            ``(II) the commander of the military 
                        installation determines are necessary; and
                            ``(III) are directly coordinated with local 
                        area energy or groundwater governing 
                        authorities.''.

SEC. 317. TRANSFER AUTHORITY FOR FUNDING OF STUDY AND ASSESSMENT ON 
              HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF PER- AND POLYFLUOROALKYL 
              SUBSTANCES CONTAMINATION IN DRINKING WATER BY AGENCY FOR 
              TOXIC SUBSTANCES AND DISEASE REGISTRY.

    Section 316(a)(2)(B)(ii) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1350), as amended by 
section 315(a) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), is amended by striking 
``2019 and 2020'' and inserting ``2019, 2020, and 2021''.

SEC. 318. REPLACEMENT OF FLUORINATED AQUEOUS FILM-FORMING FOAM WITH 
              FLUORINE-FREE FIRE-FIGHTING AGENT.

    (a) Use of Fluorine-Free Foam at Military Installations.--Not later 
than January 31, 2023, the Secretary of the Navy shall publish a 
military specification for a fluorine-free fire-fighting agent for use 
at all military installations to ensure such agent is available for use 
by not later than December 31, 2024.
    (b) Prohibition on Use.--Fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam may 
not be used at any military installation on or after September 30, 
2025, or before such date, if possible.
    (c) Waiver.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary of 
        Defense may grant a waiver to the prohibition under subsection 
        (b) with respect to the use of fluorinated aqueous film-forming 
        foam at a specific military installation if the Secretary 
        submits to the congressional defense committees, by not later 
        than 30 days prior to issuing the waiver--
                    (A) notice of the waiver; and
                    (B) certification, in writing, that the waiver is 
                necessary for the protection of life and safety.
            (2) Basis for waiver.--Any certification submitted under 
        paragraph (1)(B) shall document the basis for the waiver and, 
        at a minimum, shall include the following:
                    (A) A detailed description of the threat justifying 
                the waiver and a description of the imminence, urgency, 
                and severity of such threat.
                    (B) An analysis of potential populations impacted 
                by continued use of fluorinated aqueous film forming 
                foam and why the waiver outweighs the impact to such 
                populations.
                    (C) An analysis of potential economic effects, 
                including with respect to agriculture, livestock, and 
                water systems of continued use of fluorinated aqueous 
                film forming foam and why the waiver outweighs such 
                effects.
            (3) Limitation.--A waiver under this subsection shall apply 
        for a period that does not exceed one year. The Secretary may 
        extend any such waiver once for an additional period that does 
        not exceed one year.

SEC. 319. PROHIBITION OF UNCONTROLLED RELEASE OF FLUORINATED AQUEOUS 
              FILM-FORMING FOAM AT MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided by subsection (b), the 
Secretary of Defense shall prohibit the uncontrolled release of 
fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam (hereinafter in this section 
referred to as ``AFFF'') at military installations.
    (b) Exceptions.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), fluorinated AFFF 
may be released at military installations as follows:
            (1) AFFF may be released for purposes of an emergency 
        response.
            (2) A non-emergency release of AFFF may be made for the 
        purposes of testing of equipment or training of personnel, if 
        complete containment, capture, and proper disposal mechanisms 
        are in place to ensure no AFFF is released into the 
        environment.

SEC. 320. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FLUORINATED AQUEOUS FILM FORMING FOAM 
              FOR TRAINING EXERCISES.

    The Secretary of Defense shall prohibit the use of fluorinated 
aqueous film forming foam for training exercises at military 
installations.

SEC. 321. REAL-TIME NOISE-MONITORING STUDY AT NAVY AND AIR FORCE 
              INSTALLATIONS WHERE TACTICAL FIGHTER AIRCRAFT OPERATE.

    (a) Real-Time Monitoring.--The Secretary of the Navy and the 
Secretary of the Air Force shall each conduct a real-time noise-
monitoring study at no fewer than three Navy installations and three 
Air Force installations. In conducting such study, the Secretaries 
shall--
            (1) select installations where tactical fighter aircraft 
        operate and noise contours have been developed through noise 
        modeling to validate the noise contours developed through 
        analysis and modeling at those installations; and
            (2) ensure that such monitoring is conducted during times 
        of high, medium, and low activity.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than December 1, 2020, the 
Secretary of the Navy and the Secretary of the Air Force shall jointly 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a report on the real-time noise monitoring required 
under subsection (a). Such report shall include--
            (1) the results of such monitoring;
            (2) a comparison of such monitoring and the noise contours 
        previously developed with the analysis and modeling methods 
        previously used;
            (3) an overview of any changes to the analysis and modeling 
        process that have been made or are being considered as a result 
        of the findings of such monitoring; and
            (4) any other matters that the Secretaries determine 
        appropriate.

SEC. 322. DEVELOPMENT OF CLIMATE VULNERABILITY AND RISK ASSESSMENT 
              TOOL.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall develop a climate 
vulnerability and risk assessment tool to assist the military 
departments in measuring how the risks associated with climate change 
impact networks, systems, installations, facilities, and other assets, 
as well as the operational plans and capabilities of the Department of 
Defense.
    (b) Consultation.--In developing the tool under subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall consult with the Administrator of the Environmental 
Protection Agency, the Secretary of Energy, the Secretary of the 
Interior, the Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration, the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management 
Agency, the Commander of the Army Corps of Engineers, the Administrator 
of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, a federally 
funded research and development center, and the heads of such other 
relevant Federal agencies as the Secretary of Defense determines 
appropriate.
    (c) Prevailing Scientific Consensus.--Before completing development 
of the tool under subsection (a), the Secretary shall obtain from a 
federally funded research and development center with which the 
Secretary has consulted under subsection (b) a certification in writing 
that the tool contains a methodology that adequately incorporates the 
prevailing scientific consensus on climate change.
    (d) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report describing the tool 
        developed under subsection (a).
            (2) Classified annex.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        be submitted in unclassified form but may contain a classified 
        annex if necessary.
            (3) Publication.--Upon submittal of the report under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall publish the unclassified 
        portion of the report on an internet website of the Department 
        that is available to the public.
    (e) Updates to Tool.--
            (1) In general.--After submittal of the report under 
        subsection (d), the Secretary of Defense shall update the 
        climate vulnerability and risk assessment tool developed under 
        subsection (a) on an annual basis, in consultation with the 
        individuals and entities described in subsection (b) and 
        consistent with the prevailing scientific consensus as required 
        under subsection (c).
            (2) Report and publication.--Upon completing an update to 
        the tool under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                    (A) submit to the congressional defense committees 
                a report describing such update; and
                    (B) publish the unclassified version of such report 
                on an internet website of the Department that is 
                available to the public.

SEC. 323. PROVISION OF UNCONTAMINATED WATER FOR AGRICULTURAL USE ON 
              LAND CONTAMINATED BY PFOS AND PFOA USED ON MILITARY 
              INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (in this section referred 
        to as ``PFOS'') and perfluorooctanoic acid (in this section 
        referred to as ``PFOA'') are part of a class of man-made 
        chemicals that have been used in a variety of industrial and 
        consumer products to make the products resist heat, stains, 
        water, and grease. Because PFOS and PFOA extinguish petroleum 
        fires quickly, the Department of Defense and commercial 
        airports began using aqueous film forming foam containing PFOS 
        and PFOA in the 1970s.
            (2) PFOS and PFOA can accumulate and stay in the body for 
        long periods of time. Exposure to PFOS and PFOA may cause 
        health problems, including issues with the reproductive system, 
        liver and kidney damage, developmental issues in children, and 
        negatively impacted immune system, and cancer.
            (3) A common method of human exposure to PFOS and PFOA is 
        by consuming contaminated drinking water.
            (4) The Environmental Protection Agency issued lifetime 
        health advisories under the Safe Drinking Water Act for 
        individual or combined PFOS and PFOA concentrations at 70 parts 
        per trillion in 2016, but has not yet issued any guidance or 
        regulation for groundwater or agricultural water.
            (5) The Department of Defense has provided mitigations in 
        many communities where drinking water has tested at or above 
        the lifetime health advisory level, including bottled water and 
        drinking water filtration systems. Due to the lack of 
        regulatory guidance, these mitigations have not been mirrored 
        in agricultural water systems.
            (6) As a result, farmers located adjacent to military 
        installations with PFOS and PFOA contamination that has 
        migrated off-installation are potentially impacted, and in at 
        least one case, such contamination has had a serious impact on 
        the livelihood of a dairy farmer.
    (b) Authority to Provide Uncontaminated Water for Agricultural 
Purposes.--
            (1) In general.--If an area has been identified under 
        paragraph (2), and a military installation has been determined 
        to be the source of that contamination, the Secretary of 
        Defense or the Secretary concerned may provide, for the purpose 
        of producing agricultural products destined for human 
        consumption--
                    (A) water sources uncontaminated with 
                perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances, 
                including PFOA and PFOS, or
                    (B) treatment of contaminated waters.
            (2) Identification of areas.--An area identified under this 
        paragraph is an area for which the level of PFOA or PFOS 
        contamination--
                    (A) is above the lifetime health advisory for 
                contamination for such compounds as issued by the 
                Environmental Protection Agency and printed in the 
                Federal Register on May 25, 2016;
                    (B) is at or above a regulatory standard set by the 
                Food and Drug Administration for PFOA and PFOS in raw 
                agricultural commodities and milk; or
                    (C) is at or above a duly promulgated, non-
                discriminatory standard promulgated by a State 
                regulatory entity for PFOA and PFOS in raw agricultural 
                commodities and milk.
            (3) Source of funds.--Amounts used to carry out this 
        section shall be derived--
                    (A) in the case of amounts made available by the 
                Secretary concerned, from amounts authorized to be 
                appropriated for Operation and Maintenance for the 
                military department concerned; or
                    (B) in the case of amounts made available by the 
                Secretary of Defense, from amounts authorized to be 
                appropriated for Operation and Maintenance, Defense-
                wide.
    (c) Sense of Congress Regarding Land Acquisition.--It is the sense 
of Congress that the Secretary concerned should explore authorities 
under which the Secretary could acquire land the land adjacent to 
military installations where the owners of the land have experienced 
impacts to their livelihood due to PFOS and PFOA contamination that has 
been verified to have been caused by that installation, including the 
authorities under sections 2663, 2864a, and 2869 of title 10, United 
States Code.

SEC. 324. REMOVAL OF BARRIERS THAT DISCOURAGE INVESTMENTS TO INCREASE 
              RESILIENCY TO CLIMATE CHANGE.

    The Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) identify and seek to remove barriers that discourage 
        investments to increase resiliency to climate change;
            (2) reform policies and programs that unintentionally 
        increased the vulnerability of systems to related climate 
        change risks; and
            (3) develop, and update at least once every four years, an 
        adaptation plan that assessed how climate impacts affected the 
        ability of the department or agency to accomplish its mission, 
        and the short-and long- term actions the department or agency 
        can take to manage climate risks.

SEC. 325. OFFSHORE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) Prohibition.--The Secretary of Defense shall not issue an 
offshore wind assessment that proposes wind exclusion areas and may not 
object to an offshore energy project filed for review by the Military 
Aviation and Installation Assurance Clearinghouse (in this section 
referred to as the ``Clearinghouse'') until 180 days after submitting 
the report required under (b).
    (b) Report Required.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall submit a report 
to the congressional defense committees on the process that will be 
used to by the Clearinghouse to review proposed offshore lease blocks 
and proposed offshore energy projects. At minimum, the report should 
include the following elements:
            (1) The process and metrics used in evaluating proposed 
        offshore lease blocks or specific offshore energy projects for 
        compatibility with, or unacceptable risk to, military 
        operations and readiness.
            (2) The process for coordinating with the Department of 
        Interior on assessing proposed offshore lease blocks and 
        military operations and readiness activities that occur in 
        those proposed lease blocks.
            (3) The process for working with the proponent of a 
        proposed energy development to identify and evaluate possible 
        mitigations to enable energy developments that are compatible 
        with military operations and readiness.
            (4) Any legislative changes to section 183a of title 10, 
        United States Code, to enable the Clearinghouse to perform its 
        new role in reviewing proposed offshore lease blocks and 
        offshore energy projects.

SEC. 326. USE OF PROCEEDS FROM SALE OF RECYCLABLE MATERIALS.

    Section 2577(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``$2,000,000'' and inserting ``$10,000,000''.

SEC. 327. DISPOSAL OF RECYCLABLE MATERIALS.

    Section 2577(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) In this section, the term `recyclable materials' includes any 
quality recyclable material provided to the Department by a State or 
local government entity.''.

SEC. 328. CLIMATE-CONSCIOUS BUDGETING OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall include in the 
annual budget submission of the President under section 1105(a) of 
title 31, United States Code--
            (1) a dedicated budget line item for adaptation to, and 
        mitigation of, climate-related risks to military networks, 
        systems, installations, facilities, and other assets and 
        capabilities of the Department of Defense; and
            (2) an estimate of the anticipated adverse impacts to the 
        readiness of the Department and the financial costs to the 
        Department during the year covered by the budget of the loss 
        of, or damage to, military networks, systems, installations, 
        facilities, and other assets and capabilities of the 
        Department, including loss of or obstructed access to training 
        ranges, as a result of climate change.
    (b) Disaggregation of Impacts and Costs.--The estimate under 
subsection (a)(2) shall set forth the adverse readiness impacts and 
financial costs under that subsection by military department, Defense 
Agency, and other component or element of the Department.

SEC. 329. FUNDING FOR DETONATION CHAMBERS IN VIEQUES, PUERTO RICO.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 4301 for environmental restoration, Navy, line 060, as 
specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4301, for the 
purchase, deployment, and operation of a closed detonation chambers of 
the dimensions necessary to achieve a substantial reduction in open air 
burning and open air detonation that will bring the practice of open 
air burning and open air detonation to the lowest practicable level, is 
hereby increased by $10,000,000.
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 4301 for Operations and Maintenance, as specified in the 
corresponding funding table in section 4301, line 460, Office of the 
Secretary of Defense for Admin & SRVWIDE Activities is hereby reduced 
by $10,000,000.

SEC. 330. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON ENVIRONMENTAL CLEANUP OF 
              VIEQUES AND CULEBRA, PUERTO RICO.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Secretary of Defense should explore all avenues and 
        alternatives to expedite the ongoing cleanup and environmental 
        restoration process in the former military training sites 
        located on the island-municipalities of Vieques and Culebra, 
        Puerto Rico;
            (2) the Department of Defense should work with the U.S. 
        Environmental Protection Agency, the Fish and Wildlife Service, 
        and the Government of Puerto Rico to ensure the decontamination 
        process is conducted in a manner that causes the least possible 
        intrusion on the lives of island residents and minimizes public 
        health risks; and
            (3) the Federal Government should collaborate with local 
        and private stakeholders to effectively address economic 
        challenges and opportunities in Vieques, Culebra, and the 
        adjacent communities of the former United States Naval Station 
        Roosevelt Roads.
    (b) GAO Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall complete a study and submit a report to the congressional defense 
committees on the status of the Federal cleanup and decontamination 
process in the island-municipalities of Vieques and Culebra, Puerto 
Rico. The study shall include a comprehensive analysis of the 
following:
            (1) The pace of ongoing cleanup and environmental 
        restoration efforts in the former military training sites in 
        Vieques and Culebra.
            (2) Potential challenges and alternatives to accelerate the 
        completion of such efforts, including their associated costs 
        and any impact they might have on the public health and safety 
        of island residents.

SEC. 330A. PFAS DESIGNATION, EFFLUENT LIMITATIONS, AND PRETREATMENT 
              STANDARDS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 30 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency 
shall revise the list of toxic pollutants described in paragraph (1) of 
section 307(a) of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 
1317(a)) to add per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances to such list, and 
publish such revised list, without taking into account the factors 
listed in such paragraph.
    (b) Effluent Standards.--As soon as practicable after the date on 
which the revised list is published under subsection (a), but not later 
than January 1, 2022, the Administrator shall publish in the Federal 
Register effluent standards under section 307(a)(2) of the Federal 
Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1317(a)(2)) for substances added 
to the list of toxic pollutants pursuant to subsection (a) of this 
section, in accordance with sections 301(b)(2)(A) and 304(b)(2) of such 
Act.
    (c) Pretreatment Standards.--Not later than January 1, 2022, the 
Administrator shall promulgate pretreatment standards for per- and 
polyfluoroalkyl substances under section 307(b) of the Federal Water 
Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1317(b)).

SEC. 330B. PROHIBITION ON PERFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES AND POLYFLUOROALKYL 
              SUBSTANCES IN MEALS READY-TO-EAT FOOD PACKAGING.

    (a) Prohibition.--Not later than October 1, 2020, the Director of 
the Defense Logistics Agency shall ensure that any food contact 
substances that are used to assemble and package meals ready-to-eat 
(MREs) procured by the Defense Logistics Agency do not contain any 
perfluoroalkyl substances or polyfluoroalkyl substances.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Perfluoroalkyl substance.--The term ``perfluoroalkyl 
        substance'' means a man-made chemical of which all of the 
        carbon atoms are fully fluorinated carbon atoms.
            (2) Polyfluoroalkyl substance.--The term ``polyfluoroalkyl 
        substance'' means a man-made chemical containing a mix of fully 
        fluorinated carbon atoms, partially fluorinated carbon atoms, 
        and nonfluorinated carbon atoms.

SEC. 330C. COMPTROLLER GENERAL STUDY ON PFAS CONTAMINATION.

    (a) Study Required.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
shall conduct a review of the efforts of the Department of Defense to 
clean up per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (in this section referred 
to as ``PFAS'') contamination in and around military bases as well as 
the Department's efforts to mitigate the public health impact of the 
contamination.
    (b) Elements.--The study required by subsection (a), shall include 
the following:
            (1) An assessment of--
                    (A) when the Department of Defense discovered that 
                drinking water sources used by members of the Armed 
                Forces and residents of communities surrounding 
                military bases were contaminated with PFAS;
                    (B) after learning that the drinking water was 
                contaminated, when the Department of Defense notified 
                members of the Armed Forces and residents of 
                communities surrounding military bases that their 
                drinking water is contaminated with PFAS;
                    (C) after providing such notification, how much 
                time lapsed before those affected were given 
                alternative sources of drinking water;
                    (D) the number of installations and surrounding 
                communities currently drinking water that is 
                contaminated with PFAS above the EPA's advisory limit;
                    (E) the amount of money the Department of Defense 
                has spent on cleaning up PFAS contamination through the 
                date of enactment of this Act;
                    (F) the number of sites where the Department of 
                Defense has taken action to remediate PFAS 
                contamination or other materials as a result of the use 
                of firefighting foam on military bases;
                    (G) factors that might limit or prevent the 
                Department of Defense from remediating PFAS 
                contamination or other materials as a result of the use 
                of firefighting foam on military bases;
                    (H) the estimated total cost of clean-up of PFAS;
                    (I) the cost to the Department of Defense to 
                discontinue the use of PFAS in firefighting foam and to 
                develop and procure viable replacements that meet 
                military specifications; and
                    (J) the number of members of the Armed Forces who 
                have been exposed to PFAS in their drinking water above 
                the EPA's Health Advisory levels during their military 
                service.
            (2) An evaluation of what the Department of Defense could 
        have done better to mitigate the release of PFAS contamination 
        into the environment and expose service members.
            (3) Any other elements the Comptroller General may deem 
        necessary.
    (c) Results.--
            (1) Interim briefing.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall 
        provide to the congressional defense committees, the Committee 
        on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on the Environment and Public Works of the Senate a 
        briefing on the preliminary findings of the study required by 
        this section.
            (2) Final results.--The Comptroller General shall provide 
        the final results of the study required by this section to the 
        congressional defense committees, the Committee on Energy and 
        Commerce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
        the Environment and Public Works of the Senate at such time and 
        in such format as is mutually agreed upon by the committees and 
        the Comptroller General at the time of briefing under paragraph 
        (1).

SEC. 330D. DISPOSAL OF MATERIALS CONTAINING PER- AND POLYFLUOROALKYL 
              SUBSTANCES OR AQUEOUS FILM-FORMING FOAM.

    The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that when materials 
containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (referred to in this 
section as ``PFAS'') or aqueous film forming foam are disposed--
            (1) all incineration is conducted in a manner that 
        eliminates PFAS while also ensuring that no PFAS is emitted 
        into the air;
            (2) all incineration is conducted in accordance with the 
        requirements of the Clean Air Act (42 USC 7401 et seq.), 
        including controlling hydrogen fluoride;
            (3) any materials containing PFAS that are designated for 
        disposal are stored in accordance with the requirement under 
        part 264 of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations; and
            (4) no incineration is conducted at any facility that 
        violated the requirements of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 
        et seq.) during the 12-month period preceding the date of 
        disposal.

SEC. 330E. PROHIBITION ON USE OF PERFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES AND 
              POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES FOR LAND-BASED APPLICATIONS OF 
              FIREFIGHTING FOAM.

    (a) Limitation.--After October 1, 2022, no amount authorized to be 
appropriated or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense 
may be obligated or expended to procure firefighting foam that contains 
in excess of one part per billion of perfluoroalkyl substances and 
polyfluoroalkyl substances.
    (b) Prohibition on Use of Existing Stocks.--Not later than October 
1, 2023, the Secretary of Defense shall cease the use of firefighting 
foam containing in excess of one part per billion of perfluoroalkyl 
substances and polyfluoroalkyl substances;
    (c) Exemption for Shipboard Use.--Subsections (a) and (b) shall not 
apply to firefighting foam for use solely onboard ocean-going vessels.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``perfluoroalkyl substances'' means aliphatic 
        substances for which all of the H atoms attached to C atoms in 
        the nonfluorinated substance from which they are notionally 
        derived have been replaced by F atoms, except those H atoms 
        whose substitution would modify the nature of any functional 
        groups present.
            (2) The term ``polyfluoroalkyl substances'' means aliphatic 
        substances for which all H atoms attached to at least one (but 
        not all) C atoms have been replaced by F atoms, in such a 
        manner that they contain the perfluoroalkyl moiety 
        C<INF>n</INF>F<INF>2n+1</INF>_ (for example, 
        C<INF>8</INF>F<INF>17</INF>CH<INF>2</INF>CH<INF>2</INF>OH).

SEC. 330F. AGREEMENTS TO SHARE MONITORING DATA RELATING TO 
              PERFLUOROALKYL AND POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES AND OTHER 
              CONTAMINANTS OF CONCERN.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter into 
agreements with municipalities or municipal drinking water utilities 
located adjacent to military installations under which both the 
Secretary and the municipalities and utilities would share monitoring 
data relating to perfluoroalkyl substances, polyfluoroalkyl substances, 
and other emerging contaminants of concern collected at the military 
installation.
    (b) Public Communication.--An agreement under subsection (a) does 
not negate the responsibility of the Secretary to communicate with the 
public about drinking water contamination from perfluoroalkyl 
substances, polyfluoroalkyl substances, and other contaminants.
    (c) Military Installation Defined.--In this section, the term 
``military installation'' has the meaning given that term in section 
2801(c) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 330G. DETECTION OF PERFLUORINATED COMPOUNDS.

    (a) Performance Standard for the Detection of Perfluorinated 
Compounds.--
            (1) In general.--The Director of the United States Geologic 
        Survey shall establish a performance standard for the detection 
        of perfluorinated compounds.
            (2) Emphasis.--
                    (A) In general.--In developing the performance 
                standard under subsection (a), the Director shall 
                emphasize the ability to detect as many perfluorinated 
                compounds present in the environment as possible using 
                analytical methods that are as sensitive as is feasible 
                and practicable.
                    (B) Requirement.--In developing the performance 
                standard under subsection (a), the Director may--
                            (i) develop quality assurance and quality 
                        control measures to ensure accurate sampling 
                        and testing;
                            (ii) develop a training program with 
                        respect to the appropriate method of sample 
                        collection and analysis of perfluorinated 
                        compounds; and
                            (iii) coordinate as necessary with the 
                        Administrator to develop methods to detect 
                        individual and different perfluorinated 
                        compounds simultaneously.
    (b) Nationwide Sampling.--
            (1) In general.--The Director shall carry out a nationwide 
        sampling to determine the concentration of perfluorinated 
        compounds in estuaries, lakes, streams, springs, wells, 
        wetlands, rivers, aquifers, and soil using the performance 
        standard developed under subsection (a)(1).
            (2) Requirements.--In carrying out the sampling under 
        paragraph (1), the Director shall--
                    (A) first carry out the sampling at sources of 
                drinking water near locations with known or suspected 
                releases of perfluorinated compounds;
                    (B) when carrying out sampling of sources of 
                drinking water under paragraph (1), carry out the 
                sampling prior to any treatment of the water;
                    (C) survey for ecological exposure to 
                perfluorinated compounds, with a priority in 
                determining direct human exposure through drinking 
                water; and
                    (D) consult with--
                            (i) States to determine areas that are a 
                        priority for sampling; and
                            (ii) the Administrator--
                                    (I) to enhance coverage of the 
                                sampling; and
                                    (II) to avoid unnecessary 
                                duplication.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 150 days after the completion 
        of the sampling under paragraph (1), the Director shall prepare 
        a report describing the results of the sampling and submit the 
        report to--
                    (A) the Committee on Environment and Public Works 
                and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of 
                the Senate;
                    (B) the Committee on Natural Resources and the 
                Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
                Representatives;
                    (C) the Senators of each State in which the 
                Director carried out the sampling; and
                    (D) each Member of the House of Representatives 
                that represents a district in which the Director 
                carried out the sampling.
    (c) Data Usage.--
            (1) In general.--The Director shall provide the sampling 
        data collected under subsection (b) to--
                    (A) the Administrator of the Environmental 
                Protection Agency; and
                    (B) other Federal and State regulatory agencies on 
                request.
            (2) Usage.--The sampling data provided under subsection (a) 
        shall be used to inform and enhance assessments of exposure, 
        likely health and environmental impacts, and remediation 
        priorities.
    (d) Collaboration.--In carrying out this section, the Director 
shall collaborate with--
            (1) appropriate Federal and State regulators;
            (2) institutions of higher education;
            (3) research institutions; and
            (4) other expert stakeholders.
    (e) Authority for Transfer of Funds.--Of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by section 301, the Secretary of Defense may, without 
regard to section 2215 of title 10, United States Code, transfer not 
more than $5,000,000 to the Secretary of the Interior to carry out 
nationwide sampling under this section. Any funds transferred under 
this section may not be used for any other purpose, except those 
specified under this section.
    (f) Funding.--
            (1) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the 
        funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be 
        appropriated in section 301, as specified in the corresponding 
        funding table in section 4301, Total Operation and Maintenance, 
        Defense-Wide, Line 080, for the Detection of Perfluorinated 
        Compounds is hereby increased by $5,000,000.
            (2) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the 
        funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be 
        appropriated in section 101 for Procurement of Wheeled and 
        Tracked Combat Vehicles, Army, as specified in the 
        corresponding funding table in section 4101, for Bradley 
        Program (Mod) is hereby reduced by $5,000,000.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``Administrator'' means the Administrator of 
        the Environmental Protection Agency.
            (2) The term ``Director'' means the Director of the United 
        States Geological Survey.
            (3) The term ``perfluorinated compound'' means a 
        perfluoroalkyl substance or a polyfluoroalkyl substance that is 
        manmade with at least 1 fully fluorinated carbon atom.
            (4) The term ``fully fluorinated carbon atom'' means a 
        carbon atom on which all the hydrogen substituents have been 
        replaced by fluorine.
            (5) The term ``nonfluorinated carbon atom'' means a carbon 
        atom on which no hydrogen substituents have been replaced by 
        fluorine.
            (6) The term ``partially fluorinated carbon atom'' means a 
        carbon atom on which some, but not all, of the hydrogen 
        substituents have been replaced by fluorine.
            (7) The term ``perfluoroalkyl substance'' means a manmade 
        chemical of which all of the carbon atoms are fully fluorinated 
        carbon atoms.
            (8) The term ``polyfluoroalkyl substance'' means a manmade 
        chemical containing a mix of fully fluorinated carbon atoms, 
        partially fluorinated carbon atoms, and nonfluorinated carbon 
        atoms.

SEC. 330H. COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS WITH STATES TO ADDRESS CONTAMINATION 
              BY PERFLUOROALKYL AND POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.

    (a) Cooperative Agreements.--
            (1) In general.--Upon request from the Governor or chief 
        executive of a State, the Secretary of Defense shall work 
        expeditiously, pursuant to section 2701(d) of title 10, United 
        States Code, to finalize a cooperative agreement, or amend an 
        existing cooperative agreement to address testing, monitoring, 
        removal, and remedial actions relating to the contamination or 
        suspected contamination of drinking, surface, or ground water 
        from PFAS originating from activities of the Department of 
        Defense by providing the mechanism and funding for the 
        expedited review and approval of documents of the Department 
        related to PFAS investigations and remedial actions from an 
        active or decommissioned military installation, including a 
        facility of the National Guard.
            (2) Minimum standards.--A cooperative agreement finalized 
        or amended under paragraph (1) shall meet or exceed the most 
        stringent of the following standards for PFAS in any 
        environmental media:
                    (A) An enforceable State standard, in effect in 
                that State, for drinking, surface, or ground water, as 
                described in section 121(d)(2)(A)(ii) of the 
                Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and 
                Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9621(d)(2)(A)(ii)).
                    (B) An enforceable Federal standard for drinking, 
                surface, or ground water, as described in section 
                121(d)(2)(A)(i) of the Comprehensive Environmental 
                Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 
                U.S.C. 9621(d)(2)(A)(i)).
                    (C) A health advisory under section 1412(b)(1)(F) 
                of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300g-
                1(b)(1)(F)).
            (3) Other authority.--In addition to the requirements for a 
        cooperative agreement under paragraph (1), when otherwise 
        authorized to expend funds for the purpose of addressing ground 
        or surface water contaminated by a perfluorinated compound, the 
        Secretary of Defense may, to expend those funds, enter into a 
        grant agreement, cooperative agreement, or contract with--
                    (A) the local water authority with jurisdiction 
                over the contamination site, including--
                            (i) a public water system (as defined in 
                        section 1401 of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 
                        U.S.C. 300f)); and
                            (ii) a publicly owned treatment works (as 
                        defined in section 212 of the Federal Water 
                        Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1292)); or
                    (B) a State, local, or Tribal government.
    (b) Report.--Beginning on February 1, 2020, if a cooperative 
agreement is not finalized or amended under subsection (a) within one 
year after the request from the Governor or chief executive under that 
subsection, and annually thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the appropriate committees and Members of Congress a report--
            (1) explaining why the agreement has not been finalized or 
        amended, as the case may be; and
            (2) setting forth a projected timeline for finalizing or 
        amending the agreement.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Appropriate committees and members of congress.--The 
        term ``appropriate committees and Members of Congress'' means--
                    (A) the congressional defense committees;
                    (B) the Senators who represent a State impacted by 
                PFAS contamination described in subsection (a)(1); and
                    (C) the Members of the House of Representatives who 
                represent a district impacted by such contamination.
            (2) Fully fluorinated carbon atom.--The term ``fully 
        fluorinated carbon atom'' means a carbon atom on which all the 
        hydrogen substituents have been replaced by fluorine.
            (3) PFAS.--The term ``PFAS'' means perfluoroalkyl and 
        polyfluoroalkyl substances that are man-made chemicals with at 
        least one fully fluorinated carbon atom.
            (4) State.--The term ``State'' has the meaning given the 
        term in section 101 of the Comprehensive Environmental 
        Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 
        9601).

SEC. 330I. FINDINGS, PURPOSE, AND APOLOGY.

    Section 2(a)(1) of the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (Public 
Law 101-426; 42 U.S.C. 2210 note) is amended by inserting ``, including 
individuals in New Mexico, Idaho, Colorado, Arizona, Utah, Texas, 
Wyoming, Oregon, Washington, South Dakota, North Dakota, Nevada, Guam, 
and the Northern Mariana Islands,'' after ``tests exposed 
individuals''.

SEC. 330J. STUDY ON ENERGY SAVINGS PERFORMANCE CONTRACTS.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study on how 
the Secretary could enter into more energy savings performance 
contracts (referred to in this section as ``ESPCs'' ). In conducting 
the study, the Secretary shall--
            (1) identify any legislative or regulatory barriers to 
        entering into more ESPCs; and
            (2) include policy proposals for how the Department of 
        Defense could evaluate the cost savings caused by increasing 
        energy resiliency when evaluating whether to enter into ESPCs.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the study required under subsection (a).

SEC. 330K. REDUCTION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FACILITY WATER USE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report containing plan to reduce 
facility water use intensity, relative to the baseline of the water 
consumption of the facility for fiscal year 2018. The report shall 
include each of the following:
            (1) Life-cycle cost-effective measures that will reduce 
        water consumption by 2 percent annually through the end of 
        fiscal year 2025.
            (2) Baseline development methodology for calculating a 
        baseline of water use intensity for fiscal year 2018, defined 
        as gallons per gross square foot per year, that will permit all 
        future reduction goals to be measured relative to such 
        baseline.
            (3) An identification of life-cycle cost effective water 
        savings measures that can be implemented to achieve in 
        Department of Defense facilities a minimum of 2 percent annual 
        reduction in water use through 2025.
            (4) A description of any barriers to implementation of a 
        water use reduction program.
    (b) Water Use.--In this section, the term ``water use'' with 
respect to a facility includes--
            (1) all water used at the facility that is obtained from 
        public water systems or from natural freshwater sources such as 
        lakes, streams, and aquifers, where the water is classified or 
        permitted for human consumption; and
            (2) potable water used for drinking, bathing, toilet 
        flushing, laundry, cleaning and food services, watering of 
        landscaping, irrigation, and process applications such as 
        cooling towers, boilers, and fire suppression systems.

SEC. 330L. PLAN TO PHASE OUT USE OF BURN PITS.

    The Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress an implementation 
plan to phase out the use of the burn pits identified in the Department 
of Defense Open Burn Pit Report to Congress in April 2019.

SEC. 330M. INFORMATION RELATING TO LOCATIONS OF BURN PIT USE.

    The Secretary of Defense shall provide to the Secretary of Veterans 
Affairs and Congress a list of all locations at which open-air burn 
pits have been used by Secretary of Defense, for the purposes of 
augmenting the research, healthcare delivery, disability compensation, 
and other activities of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.

SEC. 330N. RADIUM TESTING AT CERTAIN LOCATIONS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE 
              NAVY.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy shall provide for an 
independent third-party data quality review of all radium testing 
completed by contractors of the Department of the Navy at a covered 
location.
    (b) Covered Location Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
location'' means any location where the Secretary of the Navy is 
undertaking a project or activity funded through one of the following 
accounts of the Department of Defense:
            (1) Operation and Maintenance, Environmental Restoration, 
        Navy.
            (2) Operation and Maintenance, Environmental Restoration, 
        Formerly Used Defense Sites.

SEC. 330O. DESIGNATION AS HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES.

    Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall designate 
all per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances as hazardous substances under 
section 102(a) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, 
Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9602(a)).

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

SEC. 331. MATERIAL READINESS METRICS AND OBJECTIVES.

    (a) Material Readiness Metrics and Objectives.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 2 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended by inserting after section 117 the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 118. Material readiness metrics and objectives
    ``(a) Guidance.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall issue and 
maintain guidance requiring the implementation and use of material 
readiness metrics to enable assessment of the readiness of armed forces 
to carry out the national defense strategy required by section 113 of 
this title.
    ``(2) Guidance issued pursuant to this section shall ensure that 
such material readiness metrics--
            ``(A) are based on standardized and consistent criteria; 
        and
            ``(B) are applied, used, recorded, and reported in same 
        manner by all components of the Department of Defense.
    ``(b) Metrics.--At a minimum, the material readiness metrics 
required by subsection (a) shall address the material availability, 
operational availability, and material reliability of each major weapon 
system by designated mission design series, variant, or class.
    ``(c) Material Readiness Objectives.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
shall establish, and annually review and revise, an objective value for 
each metric required by subsection (b) as a necessary component to 
support the review and revision of the national defense strategy 
required by section 113 of this title.
    ``(2) To the maximum extent practicable, the Secretary shall ensure 
that objective values established under this subsection are 
unclassified.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `major weapons system' has the meaning given 
        the term `major system' under section 2302(5) of this title, 
        except that such term does not include an acquisition program 
        for a defense business system (as defined in section 2222(i)(1) 
        of this title).
            ``(2) The term `material availability' means the measure of 
        the percentage of the total inventory of a system that is 
        operationally capable of performing an assigned mission.
            ``(3) The term `material reliability' means the probability 
        that a covered asset will perform without failure over a 
        specified interval.
            ``(4) The term `operational availability' means the measure 
        of the percentage of time a covered asset is operationally 
        capable.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 117 the following new item:

``118. Material readiness metrics and objectives.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 2337(b)(2)(A) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``to meet the material readiness 
        objectives'' before ``for the weapon system''; and
            (2) by inserting ``under section 118 of this title'' after 
        ``weapon system''.
    (c) Deadlines.--
            (1) Deadline for guidance.--The guidance required by 
        section 118(a) of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
        subsection (a), shall be issued by not later than 180 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Deadline for establishment of material readiness 
        objectives.--The material readiness objectives required by 
        section 118(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
        subsection (a), shall be established by not later than one year 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 332. CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY REGARDING USE OF WORKING CAPITAL 
              FUNDS FOR UNSPECIFIED MINOR MILITARY CONSTRUCTION 
              PROJECTS RELATED TO REVITALIZATION AND RECAPITALIZATION 
              OF DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE FACILITIES.

    Section 2208(u) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``carry out'' and 
        inserting ``fund'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``Section 2805'' and inserting 
                ``(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), section 
                2805'';
                    (B) by striking ``carried out with'' and inserting 
                ``funded using''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
    ``(B) For purposes of applying subparagraph (A), the dollar 
limitation specified in subsection (a)(2) of section 2805 of this 
title, subject to adjustment as provided in subsection (f) of such 
section, shall apply rather than the dollar limitation specified in 
subsection (c) of such section.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (4), by striking ``carry out'' and 
        inserting ``fund''.

SEC. 333. F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER SUSTAINMENT.

    (a) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
appropriated or otherwise made available in this Act for the Office of 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment for 
fiscal year 2020, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended 
until the date on which the Under Secretary submits the report required 
by subsection (b).
    (b) Report Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report on steps 
being taken to improve the availability and accountability of F-35 
parts within the supply chain. At a minimum, the report shall include a 
detailed plan for each of the following elements:
            (1) How the accountable property system of record will be 
        updated with information from the prime contractors supplying 
        such parts on required cost and related data with respect to 
        the parts and how the F-35 Program Office will ensure such 
        contractors are adhering to contractual requirements for the 
        management, reporting, visibility, and accountability of all 
        such parts supplied by the prime contractors.
            (2) How the accountability property system of record will 
        have interfaces that allow the F-35 Program Office and other 
        authorized entities to have proper accountability of assets in 
        accordance with applicable Department of Defense Instructions, 
        Department of Defense Manuals, and other applicable 
        regulations.
            (3) How the F-35 Program Office and the Secretary of each 
        of the military departments will ensure business rules for the 
        prioritization of F-35 parts across all program participants is 
        sufficient, effective, and responsive.
            (4) Steps being taken to ensure parts within the base, 
        afloat, and deployment spares packages are compatible for 
        deploying F-35 aircraft and account for updated parts demand.

SEC. 334. REPORT ON STRATEGIC POLICY FOR PREPOSITIONED MATERIEL AND 
              EQUIPMENT.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Assistant 
Secretary of Defense for Sustainment, in coordination with the Joint 
Staff, shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives a report on the implementation plan for 
prepositioned materiel and equipment required by section 321(b) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 
113-66; 127 Stat. 730; 10 U.S.C. 2229 note). Such report shall include 
each of the following:
            (1) A comprehensive list of the prepositioned materiel and 
        equipment programs of the Department of Defense.
            (2) A detailed description of how the plan will be 
        implemented.
            (3) A description of the resources required to implement 
        the plan, including the amount of funds and personnel.
            (4) A description of how the plan will be reviewed and 
        assessed to monitor progress.
            (5) Guidance on applying a consistent definition of 
        prepositioning across the Department, including the military 
        departments, the combatant commands, and the Defense Agencies.
            (6) A detailed description of how the Secretary will 
        implement a joint oversight approach of the prepositioning 
        programs of the military departments.
    (b) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
appropriated or otherwise made available in this Act for the Office of 
the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Sustainment for fiscal year 
2020, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until the 
date on which the Assistant Secretary submits the report required by 
subsection (a).

SEC. 335. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF ELEMENTS OF 
              MASTER PLAN FOR REDEVELOPMENT OF FORMER SHIP REPAIR 
              FACILITY IN GUAM.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for the Navy for fiscal year 2020 may be obligated or 
expended for any construction, alteration, repair, or development of 
the real property consisting of the Former Ship Repair Facility in 
Guam.
    (b) Exception.--The limitation under subsection (a) does not apply 
to any project that directly supports depot-level ship maintenance 
capabilities, including the mooring of a floating dry dock.
    (c) Former Ship Repair Facility in Guam.--In this section, the term 
``Former Ship Repair Facility in Guam'' means the property identified 
by that name under the base realignment and closure authority carried 
out under the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A 
of title XXIX of Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note).

SEC. 336. REPORT ON EFFECTS OF INCREASED AUTOMATION OF DEFENSE 
              INDUSTRIAL BASE ON MANUFACTURING WORKFORCE.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report on the 
effects of the increased automation of the defense industrial base over 
the ten-year period beginning on the date that is 30 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act. Such report shall include, for the 
period covered by the report--
            (1) an estimate of the number of jobs in the United States 
        manufacturing workforce expected to be eliminated due to 
        automation in the defense sector;
            (2) an analysis describing any new types of jobs that are 
        expected to be established as a result of an increasingly 
        automated process, including an estimate of the number of these 
        types of jobs that are expected to be created;
            (3) an analysis of the potential threats to the national 
        security of the United States that are unique to the automation 
        of the defense industry;
            (4) a strategy to assist in providing workforce training 
        and transition preparation for workers who may lose 
        manufacturing jobs in the defense industry due to automation;
            (5) a description of any training necessary for workers 
        affected by automation to more easily transition to new types 
        of jobs within the defense manufacturing industry; and
            (6) any actions taken, or planned to be taken, by the 
        Department of Defense to assist in worker transition.

SEC. 337. EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY INSTALLATION REUTILIZATION AUTHORITY 
              FOR ARSENALS, DEPOTS AND PLANTS.

    (a) Ensuring Viability of Arsenals, Depots and Plants.--Section 
345(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 
(Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2667 note) is amended by striking 
``September 30, 2020'' and inserting ``September 30, 2025''.
    (b) Report Required .-- Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary 
of the Army shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report that includes--
            (1) the results of a needs assessment conducted by the 
        Secretary to determine the logistical, information technology, 
        and security requirements to create an internal listing service 
        of Army assets available for lease at Arsenal's, depots and 
        plants; and
            (2) information from any previous Army assessments or 
        inventory of real property.

SEC. 338. PILOT PROGRAM TO TRAIN SKILLED TECHNICIANS IN CRITICAL 
              SHIPBUILDING SKILLS.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a pilot 
program to train individuals to become skilled technicians in critical 
shipbuilding skills such as welding, metrology, quality assurance, 
machining, and additive manufacturing.
    (b) Partnerships.--In carrying out the pilot program required under 
this section, the Secretary may partner with existing Federal or State 
projects relating to investment and infrastructure in training and 
education or workforce development, such as the National Network for 
Manufacturing Innovation, the Industrial Base Analysis and Sustainment 
program of the Department of Defense, and the National Maritime 
Educational Council.
    (c) Termination.--The pilot program required under this section 
shall terminate on September 30, 2025.
    (d) Briefings.--
            (1) Plan briefing.--Not later than February 28, 2020, the 
        Secretary shall provide a briefing to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives on the 
        plan, cost estimate, and schedule for the pilot program 
        required under this section.
            (2) Progress briefings.--Not less frequently than annually 
        during fiscal years 2020 and 2021, the Secretary shall brief 
        the congressional defense committees on the progress of the 
        Secretary in carrying out the pilot program.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

SEC. 341. READINESS REPORTING.

    (a) Readiness Reporting System.--Section 117 of title 10, United 
State Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsections (d) through (g); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (d).
    (b) Quarterly Reports.--Section 482 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``Quarterly 
        reports: personnel and unit readiness'' and inserting 
        ``Readiness reports'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) In the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Quarterly Reports Required'' and inserting ``Reports 
                and Briefings'';
                    (B) In the first sentence--
                            (i) by striking ``Not later'' and inserting 
                        ``(1) Not later''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``each calendar-year 
                        quarter'' and inserting ``the second and fourth 
                        quarter of each calendar year'';
                    (C) by striking the second and third sentences and 
                inserting ``The Secretary of Defense shall submit each 
                such report in writing and shall also submit a copy of 
                each such report to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
                Staff.''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:
    ``(2) Not later than 30 days after the end of the first and third 
quarter of each calendar year, the Secretary of Defense shall provide 
to Congress a briefing regarding the military readiness of the active 
and reserve components.
    ``(3) Each report under this subsection shall contain the elements 
required by subsection (b) for the quarter covered by the report, and 
each briefing shall address any changes to the elements described in 
subsection (b) since the submittal of the most recently submitted 
report.'';
            (3) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Required Elements.--The elements described in this subsection 
are each of the following:
            ``(1) A description of each readiness problem or deficiency 
        that affects the ground, sea, air, space, cyber, or special 
        operations forces, and any other area determined appropriate by 
        the Secretary of Defense.
            ``(2) The key contributing factors, indicators, and other 
        relevant information related to each identified problem or 
        deficiency.
            ``(3) The short-term mitigation strategy the Department 
        will employ to address each readiness problem or deficiency 
        until a resolution is in place, as well as the timeline, cost, 
        and any legislative remedies required to support the 
        resolution.
            ``(4) A summary of combat readiness ratings for the key 
        force elements assessed, including specific information on 
        personnel, supply, equipment, and training problems or 
        deficiencies that affect the combat readiness ratings for each 
        force element.
            ``(5) A summary of each upgrade or downgrade of the combat 
        readiness of a unit that was issued by the commander of the 
        unit, together with the rationale of the commander for the 
        issuance of such upgrade or downgrade.
            ``(6) A summary of the readiness of supporting 
        capabilities, including infrastructure, prepositioned equipment 
        and supplies, and mobility assets, and other supporting 
        logistics capabilities.
            ``(7) A summary of the readiness of the combat support and 
        related agencies, any readiness problem or deficiency affecting 
        any mission essential tasks of any such agency, and actions 
        recommended to address any such problem or deficiency.
            ``(8) A list of all Class A, Class B, and Class C mishaps 
        that occurred in operations related to combat support and 
        training events involving aviation, ground, or naval platforms, 
        weapons, space, or Government vehicles, as defined by 
        Department of Defense Instruction 6055.07, or a successor 
        instruction.
            ``(9) Information on the extent to which units of the armed 
        forces have removed serviceable parts, supplies, or equipment 
        from one vehicle, vessel, or aircraft in order to render a 
        different vehicle, vessel, or aircraft operational.
            ``(10) Such other information as determined necessary or 
        appropriate by the Secretary of Defense.'';
            (4) by striking subsections (d) through (h) and subsection 
        (j);
            (5) by redesignating subsection (i) as subsection (e); and
            (6) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsections (d):
    ``(d) Semi-Annual Joint Force Readiness Review.--(1) Not later than 
30 days after the last day of the first and third quarter of each 
calendar year, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall submit 
to Congress a written report on the capability of the armed forces, the 
combat support and related agencies, operational contract support, and 
the geographic and functional combatant commands to execute their 
wartime missions based upon their posture and readiness as of the time 
the review is conducted.
    ``(2) The Chairman shall produce the report required under this 
subsection using information derived from the quarterly reports 
required by subsection (a).
    ``(3) Each report required by this subsection shall include an 
assessment by each commander of a geographic or functional combatant 
command of the readiness of the command to conduct operations in a 
multidomain battle that integrates ground, sea, air, space, cyber, and 
special operations forces.
    ``(4) The Chairman shall submit to the Secretary of Defense a copy 
of each report under this subsection.''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 23 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 482 and inserting the following new item:

``482. Readiness reports.''.

SEC. 342. EXTENSION OF DEADLINE FOR TRANSITION FROM SERVICE-SPECIFIC 
              DEFENSE READINESS REPORTING SYSTEMS.

    Section 358(c) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is amended by striking 
``October 1, 2019'' and inserting ``October 1, 2020''.

SEC. 343. REPORT ON NAVY SHIP DEPOT MAINTENANCE BUDGET.

    (a) In General.--Not later than March 1 of each of 2020, 2021, and 
2022, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
Operation and Maintenance Ship Depot Maintenance budget sub-activity 
group.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include each of the following elements:
            (1) A breakdown of funding, categorized by class of ship, 
        requested for ship and submarine maintenance.
            (2) A description of how the requested funding, categorized 
        by class of ship, compares to the identified ship maintenance 
        requirement.
            (3) The amount of funds appropriated for each class of ship 
        for the preceding fiscal year.
            (4) The amount of funds obligated and expended for each 
        class of ship for each of the three preceding fiscal years.
            (5) The cost, categorized by class of ship, of unplanned 
        growth work for each of the three preceding fiscal years.

SEC. 344. REPORT ON RUNIT DOME.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Energy, in coordination with 
the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency and Secretary 
of Defense, shall submit to the Committee on Energy and Commerce, the 
Committee on Natural Resources, and the Committee on Armed Services of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Armed Services and 
the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate a report on 
the status of the Runit Dome in the Marshal Islands.
    (b) Matters for Inclusion.--The report required by subsection (a) 
shall include each of the following:
            (1) A detailed plan to remove the radioactive materials in 
        the dome to a safer and more stable location, including a 
        predicted timeline and associated costs.
            (2) A detailed plan to repair the dome to ensure that it 
        does not have any harmful effects to the local population, 
        environment, or wildlife, including the projected costs of 
        implementing such plan.
            (3) The effects on the environment that the dome has 
        currently and is projected to have in 5 years, 10 years, and 20 
        years.
            (4) An assessment on the safety of food gathered from local 
        food sources.
            (5) An assessment of the current condition of the outer 
        constructs of the dome.
            (6) An assessment of the current and long-term safety to 
        local humans posed by the site.
            (7) How climate change and rising sea levels are predicted 
        to affect the dome, including a description of projected 
        scenarios if the dome becomes partially or fully submerged by 
        ocean water.
            (8) A summary of interactions between the Government of the 
        United States and the government of the Marshall Islands about 
        the dome.
            (9) A detailed description of the physical health effects 
        on Pacific Islanders, including residents of Hawaii, Fuji, and 
        Samoa, of nuclear testing conducted at Runit Dome.
            (10) A detailed description of the pre- and post-nuclear 
        test communications between the United States and the 
        governments of the territories and nations of the Pacific 
        Islands, including Hawaii, Fuji, and Samoa.
    (c) Form of Report.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form and made publicly available.

SEC. 345. COMPTROLLER GENERAL STUDY OF OUT-OF-POCKET COSTS FOR SERVICE 
              DRESS UNIFORMS.

    (a) Review Required.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
shall conduct a study of the out-of-pocket costs to members of the 
Armed Forces for service dress uniforms.
    (b) Elements.--The review under subsection (a) shall address each 
of the following:
            (1) A description and comparison of the out-of-pocket cost 
        to members of the Armed Forces for the purchase of service 
        dress uniforms and service dress uniform items, broken down 
        by--
                    (A) gender;
                    (B) Armed Force;
                    (C) enlisted; and
                    (D) officer.
            (2) Stipends, in-kind provision of items, or other 
        assistance provided by each service to personnel to offset cost 
        of service dress uniforms.
            (3) A comparison of the out-of-pocket cost for purchase and 
        maintenance of service and service dress uniforms over one, 
        five, 10, and 20-year periods.
            (4) A description of service dress uniform changes directed 
        by any of the Armed Forces over the past 10 years that have 
        affected the out-of-pocket costs to members of the Armed Forces 
        and the costs associated with such change, by gender.
            (5) Any other information that the Comptroller General 
        determines appropriate.
    (c) Briefing and Report.--
            (1) Briefing.--Not later than April 15, 2020, the 
        Comptroller General shall provide to the congressional defense 
        committees a briefing on the preliminary findings of the study 
        required under this section.
            (2) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the 
        Comptroller General shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a final report on the findings of such study.

SEC. 346. INSPECTOR GENERAL AUDIT OF CERTAIN COMMERCIAL DEPOT 
              MAINTENANCE CONTRACTS.

    The Inspector General of the Department of Defense shall conduct an 
audit of each military department and Defense Agency (as defined in 
section 101 of title 10, United States Code), as applicable, to 
determine if there has been any excess profit or cost escalation with 
respect to any sole-source contracts relating to commercial depot 
maintenance (including contracts for parts, supplies, equipment, and 
maintenance services).

SEC. 347. REPORT ON PLAN TO DECONTAMINATE SITES FORMERLY USED BY THE 
              DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY THAT HAVE SINCE BEEN TRANSFERRED 
              TO UNITS OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND ARE AFFECTED BY 
              POLLUTANTS THAT ARE, IN WHOLE OR IN PART, A RESULT OF 
              ACTIVITY BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) There are numerous properties that were under the 
        jurisdiction of the Department of the Army, such as former Nike 
        missile sites, but that have been transferred to units of local 
        government.
            (2) Many of these properties may remain polluted because of 
        activity by the Department of Defense.
            (3) This pollution may inhibit the use of these properties 
        for commercial or residential purposes.
    (b) Report Required.--The Secretary of the Army shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report--
            (1) specifying each covered property that may remain 
        polluted because of activity by the Department of Defense; and
            (2) containing the Secretary's plan to decontaminate each 
        covered property.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the 
                Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
                on Energy and Commerce, and the Committee on Natural 
                Resources of the House of Representatives.
            (2) The term ``covered property'' means property that was 
        under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Army and was 
        transferred to a unit of local government before the date of 
        the enactment of section 120(h) of the Comprehensive 
        Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 
        1980, but that would have triggered Federal Government notice 
        or action under that section had the transfer occurred on or 
        after that date.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

SEC. 351. INCLUSION OF OVER-THE-HORIZON RADARS IN EARLY OUTREACH 
              PROCEDURES.

    Section 183a(c)(6) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``or airport surveillance radar'' and inserting ``, airport 
surveillance radar, or wide area surveillance over-the-horizon radar''.

SEC. 352. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR SECRETARY OF DEFENSE TO USE 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REIMBURSEMENT RATE FOR 
              TRANSPORTATION SERVICES PROVIDED TO CERTAIN NON-
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ENTITIES.

    Section 2642(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``October 1, 2019'' and inserting ``October 1, 2024''.

SEC. 353. EXPANDED TRANSFER AND ADOPTION OF MILITARY ANIMALS.

    Section 2583 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting 
                ``Transfer or'' before ``Adoption''; and
                    (B) by striking ``adoption'' each place it appears 
                and inserting ``transfer or adoption'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting 
                ``Transfer or'' before ``Adoption'';
                    (B) in the first sentence, by striking ``adoption'' 
                and inserting ``transfer or adoption''; and
                    (C) in the second sentence, by striking 
                ``adoptability'' and inserting ``transferability or 
                adoptability'';
            (3) in subsection (c)(1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                inserting ``transfer or'' before ``adoption'';
                    (B) in subparagraphs (A) and (B), by inserting 
                ``adoption'' before ``by'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``or 
                organizations'' after ``persons''; and
                    (D) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``by'' and 
                inserting ``transfer to'';
            (4) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``or 
                Adopted'' after ``Transferred'';
                    (B) in paragraphs (1) and (2), by striking 
                ``transferred'' each place it appears and inserting 
                ``transferred or adopted''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``transfer'' each 
                place it appears and inserting ``transfer or 
                adoption'';
            (5) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Transfer of Retired'' and inserting ``Transportation 
                of Retiring''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``transfer'' and 
                inserting ``transport'';
            (6) in subsection (g)(3), by striking ``adoption of 
        military working dogs'' and all that follows through the period 
        at the end and inserting ``transfer of military working dogs to 
        law enforcement agencies before the end of the dogs' useful 
        working lives.''; and
            (7) in subsection (h)(2), by striking ``A horse'' and 
        inserting ``An equid (horse, mule, or donkey)''.

SEC. 354. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY OF SECRETARY OF TRANSPORTATION TO 
              ISSUE NON-PREMIUM AVIATION INSURANCE.

    Section 44310(b) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting ``September 30, 2022''.

SEC. 355. DEFENSE PERSONAL PROPERTY PROGRAM.

    (a) Advisory Group.--
            (1) Establishment.--There is established an advisory group 
        on the defense personal property program, to be known as the 
        ``Global Household Relocation Services Advisory Committee''.
            (2) Membership.--The advisory group shall be comprised of 
        15 members appointed from among individuals who represent 
        appropriate entities as follows:
                    (A) One member representing United States 
                Transportation Command appointed by the Commander of 
                United States Transportation Command.
                    (B) A flag or general officer of the Armed Forces 
                representing each of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine 
                Corps, and Coast Guard appointed by the Vice Chief of 
                Staff of the Army, Vice Chief of Naval Operations, Vice 
                Chief of Staff of the Air Force, the Assistant 
                Commandant of the Marine Corps, and Vice Commandant of 
                the Coast Guard, respectively.
                    (C) Four members representing appropriate 
                transportation service providers, including two small 
                business concerns, appointed by the Assistant Secretary 
                of Defense for Sustainment.
                    (D) Five members representing consumer 
                representatives who are members of the Armed Forces or 
                spouses of members of the Armed Forces, one of whom is 
                appointed by the senior non-commissioned officer of 
                each of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and 
                Coast Guard.
            (3) Meetings.--The advisory group shall convene regularly 
        to provide to the Secretary of Defense feedback on the 
        execution of, and any recommended changes to, the global 
        household goods contract.
            (4) Reports.--
                    (A) Quarterly reports.--Not later than 30 days 
                after the last day of a fiscal quarter, the advisory 
                group shall submit to the congressional defense 
                committees a report on the activities and 
                recommendations of the advisory group during such 
                fiscal quarter.
                    (B) Termination of report requirement.--The 
                requirement to submit a report under subparagraph (A) 
                shall terminate on the termination date specified under 
                paragraph (5)(A).
            (5) Termination.--The advisory group shall terminate on the 
        date that is five years after the date of the enactment of this 
        Act.
    (b) Business Case Analysis.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Commander of United States 
Transportation Command shall prepare a business case analysis for the 
proposed award of a global household goods contract for the defense 
personal property program.
    (c) Limitation.--
            (1) In general.--None of the funds authorized to be 
        appropriated in this Act for fiscal year 2020 shall be 
        available to enter into a global household goods contract until 
        the date that is 30 days after later of the following dates:
                    (A) The date on which the Commander of United 
                States Transportation Command provides to the 
                congressional defense committees a briefing on--
                            (i) the business case analysis required by 
                        subsection (b); and
                            (ii) the proposed structure and meeting 
                        schedule for the advisory group established 
                        under subsection (a).
                    (B) The date on which the Comptroller General of 
                the United States submits to the congressional defense 
                committees the report required by paragraph (2).
            (2) GAO report.--Not later than February 15, 2020, the 
        Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on a comprehensive 
        study conducted by the Comptroller General that includes--
                    (A) an analysis of the effects that the outsourcing 
                of the management and oversight of the movement of 
                household goods to a private entity or entities would 
                have on members of the Armed Forces and their families;
                    (B) a comprehensive cost-benefit analysis; and
                    (C) recommendations for changes to the strategy of 
                the Department of Defense for the defense personal 
                property program.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``global household goods contract'' means the 
        solicitation managed by United States Transportation Command to 
        engage a private entity to manage the defense personal property 
        program.
            (2) The term ``defense personal property program'' means 
        the Department of Defense program used to manage the shipment 
        of the baggage and household effects of members of the Armed 
        Forces under section 476 of title 37, United States Code.

SEC. 356. PUBLIC EVENTS ABOUT RED HILL BULK FUEL STORAGE FACILITY.

    (a) Requirement.--At least once every calendar quarter, the 
Secretary of the Navy, or the designee of the Secretary, shall hold an 
event that is open to the public at which the Secretary shall provide 
up-to-date information about the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
    (b) Termination.--The requirement to hold events under subsection 
(a) shall terminate on the earlier of the following dates:
            (1) September 30, 2025.
            (2) The date on which the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage 
        Facility ceases operation.

SEC. 357. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING INNOVATIVE READINESS TRAINING 
              PROGRAM.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Innovative Readiness Training program is an 
        effective training program for members of the Armed Forces and 
        is highly beneficial to civilian-military relationships with 
        local American communities;
            (2) due to the geographic complexities and realities of 
        non-contiguous States and territories, Innovative Readiness 
        Training has lent greater benefit to such States and 
        territories while providing unique and realistic training 
        opportunities and deployment readiness for members of the Armed 
        Forces;
            (3) the Department of Defense should pursue continued 
        Innovative Readiness Training opportunities, and, where 
        applicable, strongly encourage the use of Innovative Readiness 
        Training in non-contiguous States and territories; and
            (4) in considering whether to recommend a project, the 
        Secretary should consider the benefits of the project to the 
        economy of a region damaged by natural disasters.

SEC. 358. PILOT PROGRAM ON REDUCTION OF EFFECTS OF MILITARY AVIATION 
              NOISE ON PRIVATE RESIDENCES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a five-
year pilot program under which the commander of a military installation 
may provide funds for the purpose of installing noise insulation on 
private residences impacted by military aviation noise from the 
installation.
    (b) Eligibility.--To be eligible to receive funds under the pilot 
program, a recipient shall enter into an agreement with the commander 
to--
            (1) provide at least 50 percent of the funds required to 
        carry out the noise insulation; and
            (2) ensure that the noise at any private residence where 
        insulation is installed is reduced by at least 5 dB.
    (c) Use of Funds.--Funds provided under the pilot program shall be 
used for the installation of noise insulation at a residence--
            (1) located within a Department of Defense noise contour 
        between 65 dB day-night average sound level and 75 dB day-night 
        average sound level as validated on a National Environmental 
        Policy Act-compliant assessment within the past three years; 
        and
            (2) where interior noise has been measured at 45 dB day-
        night average sound level by the installation.
    (d) Goals and Best Practices.--In carrying out the pilot program 
under this section, a commander shall use the following goals and best 
practices:
            (1) Minimize cost in order to maximize number of homes 
        served.
            (2) Focus efforts on residences newly impacted by increased 
        noise levels.

SEC. 359. COMPLETION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DIRECTIVE 2310.07E 
              REGARDING MISSING PERSONS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall make the completion 
of Department of Defense Directive 2310.07E a top priority in order to 
improve the efficiency of locating missing persons.
    (b) Definition.--In this section, the term ``missing person'' has 
the meaning given such term in section 1513 of title 10, United States 
Code.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty personnel 
as of September 30, 2020, as follows:
            (1) The Army, 480,000.
            (2) The Navy, 340,500.
            (3) The Marine Corps, 186,200.
            (4) The Air Force, 332,800.

SEC. 402. REVISIONS IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH MINIMUM 
              LEVELS.

    Section 691(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting the following new 
paragraphs:
            ``(1) For the Army, 480,000.
            ``(2) For the Navy, 340,500.
            ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 186,200.
            ``(4) For the Air Force, 332,800.''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for 
Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 
30, 2020, as follows:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 336,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 189,500.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 59,000.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 107,700.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 70,100.
            (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed by 
subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall 
be proportionately reduced by--
            (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to 
        serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such component which 
        are on active duty (other than for training) at the end of the 
        fiscal year; and
            (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
        organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
        component who are on active duty (other than for training or 
        for unsatisfactory participation in training) without their 
        consent at the end of the fiscal year.
    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual members 
of the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are released from 
active duty during any fiscal year, the end strength prescribed for 
such fiscal year for the Selected Reserve of such reserve component 
shall be increased proportionately by the total authorized strengths of 
such units and by the total number of such individual members.

SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF THE 
              RESERVES.

    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of September 30, 
2020, the following number of Reserves to be serving on full-time 
active duty or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National 
Guard, for the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, 
instructing, or training the reserve components:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,595.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 16,511.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,155.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,386.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 22,637.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 4,431.

SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).

    (a) In General.--The minimum number of military technicians (dual 
status) as of the last day of fiscal year 2020 for the reserve 
components of the Army and the Air Force (notwithstanding section 129 
of title 10, United States Code) shall be the following:
            (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
        22,294.
            (2) For the Army Reserve, 6,492.
            (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 
        13,573.
            (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 8,848.
    (b) Limitation.--Under no circumstances may a military technician 
(dual status) employed under the authority of this section be coerced 
by a State into accepting an offer of realignment or conversion to any 
other military status, including as a member of the Active, Guard, and 
Reserve program of a reserve component. If a military technician (dual 
status) declines to participate in such realignment or conversion, no 
further action will be taken against the individual or the individual's 
position.

SEC. 414. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
              ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

    During fiscal year 2020, the maximum number of members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving at any time 
on full-time operational support duty under section 115(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is the following:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for the use of the Armed Forces 
and other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
expenses, not otherwise provided for, for military personnel, as 
specified in the funding table in section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in the subsection (a) supersedes any other authorization 
of appropriations (definite or indefinite) for such purpose for fiscal 
year 2020.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

SEC. 501. MANAGEMENT POLICIES FOR JOINT QUALIFIED OFFICERS.

    Section 661(d)(3)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended in 
the third sentence by inserting ``or a designee of the Chairman who is 
an officer of the armed forces in grade O-8 or higher'' before the 
period.

SEC. 502. GRADE OF CHIEF OF THE VETERINARY CORPS OF THE ARMY.

    Section 7084 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following: ``An officer appointed to that position who 
holds a lower grade shall be appointed in the grade of brigadier 
general.''.

SEC. 503. AUTHORITY OF PROMOTION BOARDS TO RECOMMEND THAT OFFICERS OF 
              PARTICULAR MERIT BE PLACED HIGHER ON PROMOTION LIST.

    (a) In General.--Section 14108 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Higher Placement of Officers of Particular Merit on Promotion 
List.--(1) In selecting officers to be recommended for promotion, a 
promotion board may, when authorized by the Secretary concerned, 
recommend that officers of particular merit, from among those officers 
selected for promotion, be placed higher on the promotion list 
established by the Secretary under section 14308(a) of this title.
    ``(2) A promotion board may make a recommendation under paragraph 
(1) only if an officer receives the recommendation of--
            ``(A) a majority of the members of the promotion board; or
            ``(B) an alternative requirement established by the 
        Secretary concerned and furnished to the promotion board as 
        part of the guidelines under section 14107 of this title.
    ``(3) For officers who receive recommendations under paragraph (1), 
the board shall recommend the order in which those officers should be 
placed on the promotion list.''.
    (b) Reports Regarding Recommendations That Officers of Particular 
Merit Be Placed Higher on Promotion List.--Section 14109 of such title 
is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Report of Officers Recommended for Higher Placement on 
Promotion List.--A promotion board convened under section 14101(a) of 
this title shall, when authorized under section 14108(f) of this title, 
include in its report to the Secretary concerned--
            ``(1) the names of those officers the promotion board 
        recommends be placed higher on the promotion list; and
            ``(2) the order in which the promotion board recommends 
        those officers should be placed on the promotion list.''.
    (c) Officers of Particular Merit Appearing Higher on Promotion 
List.--Section 14308(a) of such title is amended in the first sentence 
by inserting ``or based on particular merit, as determined by the 
promotion board'' before the period.

SEC. 504. AVAILABILITY ON THE INTERNET OF CERTAIN INFORMATION ABOUT 
              OFFICERS SERVING IN GENERAL OR FLAG OFFICER GRADES.

    (a) Availability Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of each military department 
        shall make available on an internet website of such department 
        available to the public information specified in paragraph (2) 
        on each officer in a general or flag officer grade under the 
        jurisdiction of such Secretary, including any such officer on 
        the reserve active-status list.
            (2) Information.--The information on an officer specified 
        by this paragraph to be made available pursuant to paragraph 
        (1) is the information as follows:
                    (A) The officer's name.
                    (B) The officer's current grade, duty position, 
                command or organization, and location of assignment.
                    (C) A summary list of the officer's past duty 
                assignments while serving in a general or flag officer 
                grade.
    (b) Additional Public Notice on Certain Officers.--Whenever an 
officer in a grade of O-7 or above is assigned to a new billet or 
reassigned from a current billet, the Secretary of the military 
department having jurisdiction of such officer shall make available on 
an internet website of such department available to the public a notice 
of such assignment or reassignment.
    (c) Limitation on Withholding of Certain Information or Notice.--
            (1) Limitation.--The Secretary of a military department may 
        not withhold the information or notice specified in subsections 
        (a) and (b) from public availability pursuant to subsection 
        (a), unless and until the Secretary notifies the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives in 
        writing of the information or notice that will be so withheld, 
        together with justification for withholding the information or 
        notice from public availability.
            (2) Limited duration of withholding.--The Secretary 
        concerned may withhold from the public under paragraph (1) 
        information or notice on an officer only on the basis of 
        individual risk or national security, and may continue to 
        withhold such information or notice only for so long as the 
        basis for withholding remains in force.

SEC. 505. REPORT ON RATE OF MATERNAL MORTALITY AMONG MEMBERS OF THE 
              ARMED FORCES.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense, and with respect to members of the Coast 
Guard, the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is 
operating when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, shall 
submit to Congress a report on the rate of maternal mortality among 
members of the Armed Forces and the dependents of such members.

SEC. 506. FUNCTIONAL BADGE OR INSIGNIA UPON COMMISSION FOR CHAPLAINS.

    A military chaplain shall receive a functional badge or insignia 
upon commission.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

SEC. 511. GRADE OF CERTAIN CHIEFS OF RESERVE COMPONENTS.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Chief of army reserve.--Section 7038(b)(1) of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended by striking ``general officers 
        of the Army Reserve'' and inserting ``officers of the Army 
        Reserve in the grade of lieutenant general and''.
            (2) Chief of navy reserve.--Section 8083(b)(1) of such 
        title is amended by striking ``flag officers of the Navy (as 
        defined in section 8001(1))'' and inserting ``officers of the 
        Navy Reserve in the grade of vice admiral and''.
            (3) Commander, marine forces reserve.--Section 8084(b)(1) 
        of such title is amended by striking ``general officers of the 
        Marine Corps (as defined in section 8001(2))'' and inserting 
        ``officers of the Marine Corps Reserve in the grade of 
        lieutenant general and''.
            (4) Chief of air force reserve.--Section 9038(b)(1) of such 
        title is amended by striking ``general officers of the Air 
        Force Reserve'' and inserting ``officers of the Air Force 
        Reserve in the grade of lieutenant general and''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made under subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the date that is one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act and shall apply to appointments made after such 
date.

SEC. 512. AUTHORITY TO DEFER MANDATORY SEPARATION AT AGE 68 OF OFFICERS 
              IN MEDICAL SPECIALTIES IN THE RESERVE COMPONENTS.

    Section 14703(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``An'' and inserting ``(1) Subject to 
        paragraph (2), an''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph (2):
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned may, with the consent of the officer, 
retain in an active status an officer in a medical specialty described 
in subsection (a) beyond the date described in paragraph (1) of this 
subsection if the Secretary concerned determines that such retention is 
necessary to the military department concerned. Each such retention 
shall be made on a case-by-case basis and for such period as the 
Secretary concerned determines appropriate.''.

SEC. 513. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT FOR REVIEW OF CERTAIN ARMY RESERVE 
              OFFICER UNIT VACANCY PROMOTIONS BY COMMANDERS OF 
              ASSOCIATED ACTIVE DUTY UNITS.

    Section 1113 of the Army National Guard Combat Readiness Reform Act 
of 1992 (Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 10105 note) is repealed.

SEC. 514. GUIDANCE FOR USE OF UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS BY THE NATIONAL 
              GUARD.

    (a) New Guidance.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue new 
guidance that treats the use of unmanned aircraft systems by the 
National Guard for covered activities in a manner no more restrictive 
than the use of other aircraft for covered activities.
    (b) Covered Activities Defined.--In this section, ``covered 
activities'' means the following:
            (1) Emergency operations.
            (2) Search and rescue operations.
            (3) Defense support to civil authorities.
            (4) Support under section 502(f) of title 32, United States 
        Code.

SEC. 515. JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

    (a) In General.--Section 2031(b)(3) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting ``and which may include instruction or 
activities in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and 
mathematics'' after ``duration''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 516. JROTC COMPUTER SCIENCE AND CYBERSECURITY PROGRAM.

    Chapter 102 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2036. Computer science and cybersecurity program
    ``(a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a 
program to enhance the preparation of students in the Junior Reserve 
Officers' Training Corps for careers in computer science and 
cybersecurity.
    ``(b) Coordination.--In carrying out the program, the Secretary 
shall coordinate with the following:
            ``(1) The Secretaries of the military departments.
            ``(2) The Secretary of Education.
            ``(3) The National Science Foundation.
            ``(4) The heads of such other Federal, State, and local 
        government  entities the Secretary of Defense determines 
        appropriate.
            ``(5) Private sector organizations, including workforce 
        development organizations, the Secretary of Defense determines 
        appropriate.
    ``(c) Activities.--Activities under the program may include the 
following:
            ``(1) Establishment of targeted internships and cooperative 
        research opportunities in computer science and cybersecurity at 
        defense laboratories and other technical centers for students 
        in and instructors of the Junior Reserve Officers' Training 
        Corps.
            ``(2) Funding for training and other supports for 
        instructors to teach evidence-based courses in computer science 
        and cybersecurity to students.
            ``(3) Efforts and activities that improve the quality of 
        cybersecurity and computer science educational, training 
        opportunities, and curricula for students and instructors.
            ``(4) Development of travel opportunities, demonstrations, 
        mentoring programs, and informal computer science and 
        cybersecurity education for students and instructors.
    ``(d) Metrics.--The Secretary shall establish outcome-based metrics 
and internal and external assessments to evaluate the merits and 
benefits of activities conducted under the program with respect to the 
needs of the Department of Defense.
    ``(e) Authorities.--In carrying out the program, the Secretary 
shall, to the maximum extent practicable, make use of the authorities 
under section 2193b, chapter 111, and sections 2601, 2605, and 2374a of 
this title, section 219 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. 
2358 note), and other authorities the Secretary determines appropriate.
    ``(f) Report.--Not later than two years after the date of the 
enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2020, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on activities 
carried out under the program.''.

SEC. 517. PROGRAMS OF SCHOLARSHIPS FOR MEMBERS OF JUNIOR RESERVE 
              OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS UNITS TOWARD OBTAINING PRIVATE 
              PILOT'S CERTIFICATES.

    (a) Programs Authorized.--Each Secretary of a military department 
may carry out a program to award scholarships to qualified members of 
units of the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps under the 
jurisdiction of such Secretary to assist such members in obtaining a 
private pilot's certificate through an institution of higher education 
with an accredited aviation program that is approved by such Secretary 
pursuant to subsection (c).
    (b) Member Qualifications.--
            (1) In general.--In carrying out a program under subsection 
        (a), the Secretary of a military department shall prescribe the 
        standards to be met by members of units of the Junior Reserve 
        Officers' Training Corps under the jurisdiction of such 
        Secretary to be eligible for the award of a scholarship under 
        the program.
            (2) Uniformity across military departments.--To the extent 
        practicable, the standards prescribed under this subsection 
        shall be uniform across the military departments.
    (c) Approved Institutions of Higher Education.--
            (1) In general.--In carrying out a program under subsection 
        (a), the Secretary of a military department shall maintain a 
        list of institutions of higher education (as that term is 
        defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
        U.S.C. 1001)) at which a scholarship awarded under the program 
        may be used toward obtaining a private pilot's certificate.
            (2) Qualifications and standards.--Any institution of 
        higher education included on a list under this subsection, and 
        any course of instruction toward obtaining a private pilot's 
        certificate offered by such institution, shall meet such 
        qualifications and standards as the Secretary shall prescribe 
        for purposes of the program. Such qualifications and standards 
        shall include a requirement that any institution included on 
        the list award academic credit at such institution to any 
        member awarded a scholarship under the program for work 
        (whether or not fully completed) on the ground school course of 
        instruction of such institution in connection with obtaining a 
        private pilot's certificate.
    (d) Scholarship.--
            (1) Amount.--The amount of the scholarship awarded a member 
        of a Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps under a program 
        under subsection (a) shall be such amount as the Secretary of 
        the military department concerned considers appropriate to 
        defray, whether in whole or in part, the charges and fees of a 
        course of instruction toward obtaining a private pilot's 
        certificate offered by the institution of higher education to 
        be attended by the member in obtaining the certificate.
            (2) Use.--A scholarship awarded a member under a program 
        may be used by the member only to defray the charges and fees 
        of an institution of higher education for a course of 
        instruction toward obtaining a private pilot's certificate.
            (3) Maintenance of membership.--A scholarship awarded an 
        individual under a program may be used by the individual only 
        while the individual maintains membership in a unit of a Junior 
        Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
    (e) Annual Reports on Programs.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than February 28, 2021, and each 
        year thereafter, each Secretary of a military department shall 
        submit to Congress a report on the program, if any, carried out 
        by such Secretary during the preceding calendar year.
            (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include, for the program and year covered by such report, the 
        following:
                    (A) The number of scholarships awarded.
                    (B) The total amount of scholarships awarded.
                    (C) The work undertaken through such scholarships, 
                including the number of recipients who fully completed 
                a ground school course of instruction in connection 
                with obtaining a private pilot's certificate.
    (f) Assessment of Related Pilot Program.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to Congress a report setting forth the results of an 
        assessment, conducted by the study group described in paragraph 
        (2) for purposes of the report, of the pilot program conducted 
        by the Air Force in 2018 and 2019 known as the ``Air Force 
        JROTC Flight Academy, Chief of Staff Private Pilot Scholarship 
        Program''.
            (2) Study group.--The study group described in this 
        paragraph shall include the following:
                    (A) A representative of the Department of Defense, 
                selected by the Secretary of Defense.
                    (B) A representative of the headquarters of the Air 
                Force Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps with 
                experience with the pilot program, selected by the 
                Secretary of the Air Force.
                    (C) In addition to the representative under 
                subparagraph (B), a representative of each military 
                department, selected by the Secretary of such military 
                department.
                    (D) A representative of the Department of 
                Transportation, selected by the Secretary of 
                Transportation.
                    (E) A representative of the Department of 
                Education, selected by the Secretary of Education.
                    (F) Representatives of such private organizations 
                and entities as the Secretary of Defense considers 
                appropriate.
            (3) Elements.--The assessment required by paragraph (1) 
        shall identify best practices in assisting members of the 
        Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps in obtaining a private 
        pilot's certificate through institutions of higher education, 
        including the most appropriate funding mechanisms for such 
        practices.

SEC. 518. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING 
              CORPS.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps (referred 
        to in this section as ``JROTC'') contributes to an enhanced 
        sense of pride in our Nation and in the members of the Armed 
        Forces who serve;
            (2) JROTC develops a culture dedicated to service of our 
        great land and reinforces duty, honor and courage;
            (3) the Nation has been steadily depending on a smaller and 
        smaller minority of the population to fight its wars and 
        protect its borders;
            (4) this dwindling population risks the long-term security 
        of our Nation and the freedoms it provides;
            (5) JROTC operates in all 50 States and contributes to 
        better grades and graduation rates; and
            (6) JROTC was supported in the John S. McCain National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-
        232) and should be increased in fiscal year 2020, including at 
        least 3,700 JROTC units nationwide.

SEC. 519. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE NATIONAL GUARD YOUTH 
              CHALLENGE PROGRAM.

     It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the National Guard Youth Challenge Program provides a 
        vital service to at-risk youth by providing life-changing 
        mentorship, developing self-discipline, and providing education 
        in valuable skills; and
            (2) the Secretary of Defense should use the authority 
        provided under section 509(h)(2) of title 32, United States 
        Code, to allow Department of Defense equipment and facilities 
        to be used by the National Guard to maximize the support of the 
        Department for the Youth Challenge Program.

SEC. 520. PILOT PROGRAM ON THE JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS 
              PROGRAM AT LUCY GARRETT BECKHAM HIGH SCHOOL, CHARLESTON 
              COUNTY, SOUTH CAROLINA.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the department in which the Coast 
Guard is operating may carry out a pilot program to establish and 
maintain a Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps (JROTC) program unit 
in cooperation with Lucy Garrett Beckham High School, Charleston 
County, South Carolina.
    (b) Program Requirements.--The pilot program carried out by the 
Secretary under this section shall provide to students at Lucy Garrett 
Beckham High School--
            (1) instruction in subject areas relating to operations of 
        the Coast Guard; and
            (2) training in skills which are useful and appropriate for 
        a career in the Coast Guard.
    (c) Provision of Additional Support.--In carrying out the pilot 
program under this section, the Secretary may provide to Lucy Garrett 
Beckham High School--
            (1) assistance in course development, instruction, and 
        other support activities; and
            (2) necessary and appropriate course materials, equipment, 
        and uniforms.
    (d) Employment of Retired Coast Guard Personnel.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary 
        may authorize the Lucy Garrett Beckham High School to employ, 
        as administrators and instructors for the pilot program, 
        retired Coast Guard and Coast Guard Reserve commissioned, 
        warrant, and petty officers not on active duty who request that 
        employment and who are approved by the Secretary and Lucy 
        Garrett Beckham High School.
            (2) Authorized pay.--
                    (A) In general.--Retired members employed under 
                paragraph (1) are entitled to receive their retired or 
                retainer pay and an additional amount of not more than 
                the difference between--
                            (i) the amount the individual would be paid 
                        as pay and allowance if the individual was 
                        considered to have been ordered to active duty 
                        during the period of employment; and
                            (ii) the amount of retired pay the 
                        individual is entitled to receive during that 
                        period.
                    (B) Payment to school.--The Secretary shall pay to 
                Lucy Garrett Beckham High School an amount equal to 
                one-half of the amount described in subparagraph (A), 
                from funds appropriated for such purpose.
            (3) Employment not active-duty or inactive-duty training.--
        Notwithstanding any other provision of law, while employed 
        under this subsection, an individual is not considered to be on 
        active-duty or inactive-duty training.

SEC. 520A. JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS THRESHOLD.

    Section 2031(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``8th grade'' each place it appears and inserting ``7th 
grade''.

SEC. 520B. INCLUSION OF HOMESCHOOLED STUDENTS IN JUNIOR RESERVE 
              OFFICER'S TRAINING CORPS UNITS.

    Section 2031 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g)(1) Each public secondary educational institution that 
maintains a unit under this section shall permit membership in the unit 
to homeschooled students residing in the area served by the institution 
who are qualified for membership in the unit (but for lack of 
enrollment in the institution).
    ``(2) A student who is a member of a unit pursuant to this 
subsection shall count toward the satisfaction by the institution 
concerned of the requirement in subsection (b)(1) relating to the 
minimum number of student members in the unit necessary for the 
continuing maintenance of the unit.''.

SEC. 520C. REPORT ON NATIONAL GUARD AND UNITED STATES NORTHERN COMMAND 
              CAPACITY TO MEET HOMELAND DEFENSE AND SECURITY INCIDENTS.

    Not later than September 30, 2020, the Chief of the National Guard 
Bureau shall, in consultation with the Commander of United States 
Northern Command, submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report setting forth the following:
            (1) A clarification of the roles and missions, structure, 
        capabilities, and training of the National Guard and the United 
        States Northern Command, and an identification of emerging gaps 
        and shortfalls in light of current homeland security threats to 
        our country.
            (2) A list of the resources that each State and Territory 
        National Guard has at its disposal that are available to 
        respond to a homeland defense or security incident, with 
        particular focus on a multi-State electromagnetic pulse event.
            (3) The readiness and resourcing status of forces listed 
        pursuant to paragraph (2).
            (4) The current strengths and areas of improvement in 
        working with State and Federal interagency partners.
            (5) The current assessments that address National Guard 
        readiness and resourcing of regular United States Northern 
        Command forces postured to respond to homeland defense and 
        security incidents.
            (6) A roadmap to 2040 that addresses readiness across the 
        spectrum of long-range emerging threats facing the United 
        States.

SEC. 520D. NATIONAL GUARD SUPPORT TO MAJOR DISASTERS.

    Section 502(f) of title 32, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) Operations or missions authorized by the President or 
        the Secretary of Defense to support large scale, complex, 
        catastrophic disasters, as defined by section 311(3) of title 
        6, United States Code, at the request of a State governor.''; 
        and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) With respect to operations or missions described 
        under paragraph (2)(C), there is authorized to be appropriated 
        to the Secretary of Defense such sums as may be necessary to 
        carry out such operations and missions, but only if--
                    ``(A) an emergency has been declared by the 
                governor of the applicable State; and
                    ``(B) the President has declared the emergency to 
                be a major disaster for the purposes of the Robert T. 
                Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance 
                Act.''.

SEC. 520E. REPORT ON METHODS TO ENHANCE DOMESTIC RESPONSE TO LARGE 
              SCALE, COMPLEX AND CATASTROPHIC DISASTERS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation and 
coordination with the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the National 
Security Council, the Council of Governors, and the National Governors 
Association, shall submit to the congressional defense, the Committee 
on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives, and the Committee 
on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate a report on 
their plan to establish policy and processes to implement the authority 
provided by the amendments made by section 520. The report shall 
include a detailed examination of the policy framework consistent with 
existing authorities, identify major statutory or policy impediments to 
implementation, and make recommendations for legislation as 
appropriate.
    (b) Contents.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) shall 
include a description of--
            (1) the current policy and processes whereby governors can 
        request activation of the National Guard under title 32, United 
        States Code, as part of the response to large scale, complex, 
        catastrophic disasters that are supported by the Federal 
        Government and, if no formal process exists in policy, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall provide a timeline and plan to 
        establish such a policy, including consultation with the 
        Council of Governors and the National Governors Association;
            (2) the Secretary of Defense's assessment, informed by 
        consultation with the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the 
        National Security Council, the Council of Governors, and the 
        National Governors Association, regarding the sufficiency of 
        current authorities for the reimbursement of National Guard and 
        Reserve manpower during large scale, complex, catastrophic 
        disasters under title 10 and title 32, United States Code, and 
        specifically whether reimbursement authorities are sufficient 
        to ensure that military training and readiness are not degraded 
        to fund disaster response, or invoking them degrades the 
        effectiveness of the Disaster Relief Fund;
            (3) the Department of Defense's plan to ensure there is 
        parallel and consistent policy in the application of the 
        authorities granted under section 12304a of title 10, United 
        States Code, and section 502(f) of title 32, United States 
        Code, including--
                    (A) a description of the disparities between 
                benefits and protections under Federal law versus State 
                active duty;
                    (B) recommended solutions to achieve parity at the 
                Federal level; and
                    (C) recommended changes at the State level, if 
                appropriate;
            (4) the Department of Defense's plan to ensure there is 
        parity of benefits and protections for military members 
        employed as part of the response to large scale, complex, 
        catastrophic disasters under title 32 or title 10, United 
        States Code, and recommendations for addressing shortfalls; and
            (5) a review, by the Federal Emergency Management Agency, 
        of the current policy for, and an assessment of the sufficiency 
        of, reimbursement authority for the use of all National Guard 
        and Reserve, both to the Department of Defense and to the 
        States, during large scale, complex, catastrophic disasters, 
        including any policy and legal limitations, and cost assessment 
        impact on Federal funding.

SEC. 520F. REPORT REGARDING NATIONAL GUARD YOUTH CHALLENGE PROGRAM.

    Not later than December 31, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit a report to the congressional defense committees regarding the 
resources and authorities the Secretary determines necessary to 
identify the effects of the National Guard Youth Challenge Program on 
graduates of that program during the five years immediately preceding 
the date of the report. Such resources shall include the costs of 
identifying such effects beyond the 12-month, post-residential 
mentoring period of that program.

SEC. 520G. PERMANENT EXTENSION OF SUICIDE PREVENTION AND RESILIENCE 
              PROGRAM FOR THE RESERVE COMPONENTS.

    Strike subsection (g) of section 10219 of title 10, United States 
Code.

SEC. 520H. TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO USE AIR FORCE RESERVE COMPONENT 
              PERSONNEL TO PROVIDE TRAINING AND INSTRUCTION REGARDING 
              PILOT TRAINING.

    (a) Authority.--
            (1) In general.--During fiscal year 2020, the Secretary of 
        the Air Force may authorize personnel described in paragraph 
        (2) to provide training and instruction regarding pilot 
        training to the following:
                    (A) Members of the Armed Forces on active duty.
                    (B) Members of foreign military forces who are in 
                the United States.
            (2) Personnel.--The personnel described in this paragraph 
        are the following:
                    (A) Members of the reserve components of the Air 
                Force on active Guard and Reserve duty (as that term is 
                defined in section 101(d) of title 10, United States 
                Code) who are not otherwise authorized to conduct the 
                training described in paragraph (1) due to the 
                limitations in section 12310 of title 10, United States 
                Code.
                    (B) Members of the Air Force who are military 
                technicians (dual status) who are not otherwise 
                authorized to conduct the training described in 
                paragraph (1) due to the limitations in section 10216 
                of title 10, United States Code, and section 709(a) of 
                title 32, United States Code.
            (3) Limitation.--Not more than 50 members described in 
        paragraph (2) may provide training and instruction under the 
        authority in paragraph (1) at any one time.
            (4) Federal tort claims act.--Members of the uniformed 
        services described in paragraph (2) who provide training and 
        instruction pursuant to the authority in paragraph (1) shall be 
        covered by the Federal Tort Claims Act for purposes of any 
        claim arising from the employment of such individuals under 
        that authority.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report setting forth a plan to eliminate shortages in 
the number of pilot instructors within the Air Force using authorities 
available to the Secretary under current law.

  Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                Records

SEC. 521. ESTABLISHMENT OF BOARD OF APPEALS REGARDING DENIED REQUESTS 
              FOR UPGRADED DISCHARGES AND DISMISSALS.

    (a) Establishment.--Chapter 79 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 1553 the following new section 
1553a:
``Sec. 1553a. Board of Discharge Appeals
    ``(a) Establishment.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
a Board of Discharge Appeals to hear appeals of requests for upgraded 
discharges and dismissals under section 1553 of this title that are 
denied by the service review agencies.
    ``(2) The Board of Discharge Appeals shall consist of not fewer 
than three members appointed by the Secretary.
    ``(b) Appeal.--(1) Upon the request of an appellant, the Board of 
Discharge Appeals shall review the findings and decisions of a service 
review agency regarding the review of the discharge or dismissal of the 
appellant.
    ``(2) The Board of Discharge Appeals may direct the Secretary of 
the military department concerned to change the discharge or dismissal 
of an appellant, or issue a new discharge for an appellant, to reflect 
its findings.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `appellant' means a former member of the 
        armed forces (or if the former member is dead, the surviving 
        spouse, next of kin, or legal representative of the former 
        member) whose request for an upgraded discharge or dismissal 
        was denied by a service review agency.
            ``(2) The term `service review agency' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 1555 of this title.''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 1553 the following new item:

``1553a. Board of Discharge Appeals.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 1553(b) of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``A board''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
    ``(2) If a board of review established by the Secretary of a 
military department denies a request for an upgraded discharge or 
dismissal, that denial may be appealed to the Board of Discharge 
Appeals under section 1553a of this title.''.
    (c) Deadline.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish and 
implement the Board of Discharge Appeals under such section 1553a of 
title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), not later 
than September 30, 2020.
    (d) Training.--Each member of the Board of Discharge Appeals 
established under such section 1553a shall receive training under 
section 534(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1552 note).
    (e) Reporting.--
            (1) Report.--Not later than April 1, 2021, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives a report regarding the 
        Board of Discharge Appeals established under such section 
        1553a. The report shall include, with respect to appeals heard 
        by the Board of Discharge Appeals since implementation, the 
        following:
                    (A) The number of appeals heard.
                    (B) The number of appeals granted.
                    (C) The number of appeals denied, including the 
                reasons for such denials.
                    (D) A summary of any differences between reviews 
                under section 1553 of title 10, United States Code, and 
                appeals under section 1553a of such title.
            (2) Online publication.--On October 1 of each year starting 
        in 2022, the Secretary shall publish online the information 
        described in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of paragraph (1) 
        with regards to the preceding fiscal year.

SEC. 522. PROHIBITION ON REDUCTION IN THE NUMBER OF PERSONNEL ASSIGNED 
              TO DUTY WITH A SERVICE REVIEW AGENCY.

    (a) Prohibition.--Section 1559(a) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting 
        ``December 31, 2025'';
            (2) by striking ``that agency until--'' and inserting 
        ``that agency.''; and
            (3) by striking subsections (1) and (2).
    (b) Report.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of each military 
        department shall submit a report to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and House of Representatives that 
        details a plan to--
                    (A) reduce the backlog of applications before the 
                service review agency of the military department 
                concerned; and
                    (B) maintain the resources required to meet the 
                timeliness standards for disposition of applications 
                before the Corrections Boards under section 1557 of 
                title 10, United States Code, not later than October 1, 
                2021.
            (2) Elements.--Each report under this subsection shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description of the current backlog of 
                applications before the service review agency of the 
                military department concerned.
                    (B) The number of personnel required to meet the 
                deadline described in paragraph (1)(B).
                    (C) The plan of the Secretary concerned to 
                modernize the application and review system of the 
                service review agency of the military department 
                concerned.

SEC. 523. ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON RECORD AND SERVICE REVIEW BOARDS.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
Department of Defense Advisory Committee to be known as the ``Defense 
Advisory Committee on Record and Upgrade Review Boards'' (in this 
section referred to as the ``Advisory Committee'').
    (b) Membership.--
            (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall consist of 
        not more than 15 members appointed by the Secretary of Defense, 
        eight of whom shall be civilian practitioners or 
        representatives of organizations that have experience assisting 
        members of the Armed Forces and veterans with cases before 
        service review boards (as that term is defined in section 1555 
        of title 10, United States Code).
            (2) Members of the armed forces on active duty 
        ineligible.--A member of the Armed Forces serving on active 
        duty may not serve as a member of the Advisory Committee.
    (c) Personnel.--
            (1) Experience required.--At least 35 percent of members of 
        the staff of the Advisory Committee shall have experience 
        described in subsection (b)(1).
            (2) Director; assistant director.--The director and 
        assistant director of the Advisory Committee may not both be 
        members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty.
            (3) Staff.--Not more than 65 percent of the staff of the 
        Advisory Committee may be comprised of members of the Armed 
        Forces serving on active duty.
    (d) Duties.--The Advisory Committee shall advise the Secretary of 
Defense on the best structure, practices, and procedures to ensure 
consistency of boards for the correction of military records and 
service review boards in carrying out their responsibilities under 
chapter 79 of title 10, United States Code, and in granting relief to 
claimants under that chapter.
    (e) Annual Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
establishment of the Advisory Committee and annually thereafter for the 
three subsequent years, the Advisory Committee shall submit to the 
Secretary of Defense and the congressional defense committees a report 
containing observations and recommendations regarding issues of board 
operations and efficacy, including--
            (1) granting relief at adequate rates;
            (2) adhering to the intent of Congress, including regarding 
        liberal consideration;
            (3) standards for evidence, training experience and 
        qualifications of board members;
            (4) efficacy of efforts to ensure consistency across 
        boards;
            (5) case management and record keeping systems, including 
        electronic access to board precedents;
            (6) ease of personal appearances by claimants;
            (7) expert review of medical and psychiatric cases; and
            (8) related potential structural changes or alternative 
        board models.
    (f) Termination.--The Advisory Committee shall terminate on the 
date that is four years after the date of establishment under 
subsection (a).
    (g) Authorities.--The Advisory Committee shall have all normal 
authorities granted to advisory committees, including the ability for 
staff to request documents from the Department of Defense, hold public 
hearings, and travel in furtherance of the board mandate. The board 
shall also be permitted, with assistance from personnel of the 
Department of Defense, to administer surveys and conduct field 
experiments to assess the viability of different policy options 
considered in the course of the activities of the Advisory Committee.

SEC. 524. TIME REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTIFICATION OF HONORABLE SERVICE.

    Upon the submission to the Secretary of a military department or a 
designated commissioned officer serving in the pay grade O-6 or higher 
by a member of the Armed Forces of a completed United States 
Citizenship and Immigration Services Form N-426, the Secretary or the 
Officer shall--
            (1) in the case of a member of the Armed Forces who has 
        served or is serving honorably on active duty, provide 
        certification that the nature of the member's service has been 
        honorable by not later than five days from receiving the form;
            (2) in the case of a member of the Armed Forces who has 
        served or is serving honorably in a Reserve Component of the 
        Armed Forces, provide such certification by not later than 
        three weeks from receiving the form; and
            (3) in the case of a member of the Armed Forces whose 
        service has been other than honorable, provide to the member 
        notice that a certification of honorable service will not be 
        provided and justification for why such certification will not 
        be provided--
                    (A) in the case of a member who has served or is 
                serving on active duty, by not later than five days 
                from receiving the form; and
                    (B) in the case of a member who has served or is 
                serving in a Reserve Component, by not later than three 
                weeks from receiving the form.

SEC. 525. PROHIBITION ON IMPLEMENTATION OF MILITARY SERVICE SUITABILITY 
              DETERMINATIONS FOR FOREIGN NATIONALS WHO ARE LAWFUL 
              PERMANENT RESIDENTS.

    The Secretary of Defense may not take any action to implement the 
memorandum titled ``Military Service Suitability Determinations for 
Foreign Nationals Who Are Lawful Permanent Residents'', issued by the 
Secretary and dated October 13, 2017, until the Secretary reports to 
the congressional defense committees the justification for the policy 
changes required by such memorandum.

SEC. 526. STRATEGIC PLAN FOR DIVERSITY AND INCLUSION.

    (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall design and 
implement a five-year strategic plan for diversity and inclusion in the 
Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements.--The strategic plan under this section--
            (1) shall be based on the strategic plan established under 
        section 2 of Executive Order No. 13583 (3 Fed. Reg. 13583 
        (August 18, 2011));
            (2) shall incorporate existing efforts to promote diversity 
        and inclusion within the Department; and
            (3) may not conflict with the objectives of the 2018 
        National Military Strategy.
    (c) Deadline.--The Secretary shall implement the strategic plan 
under this section on January 1, 2020.

SEC. 527. INDEPENDENT STUDY ON BARRIERS TO ENTRY INTO THE ARMED FORCES 
              FOR ENGLISH LEARNERS.

    (a) Independent Study.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall seek to seek 
to enter into a contract with a federally funded research and 
development center under which the center will conduct a study on 
barriers to entry into the Armed Forces for English learners.
    (b) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall--
            (1) identify barriers to entry into the Armed Forces for 
        English learners, including--
                    (A) challenges with military recruiters and 
                language proficiency;
                    (B) challenges with the assessment of potential 
                recruits, including the construction and delivery of 
                and testing time constraints related to the Armed 
                Services Vocational Aptitude Battery;
                    (C) challenges with dissemination of recruiting 
                information; and
                    (D) any other challenges that may be identified by 
                the federally funded research and development center in 
                the course of the study;
            (2) the effect of such barriers on--
                    (A) the number of interactions recruiters have with 
                English learners;
                    (B) the enlistment rate among populations of 
                English learners; and
                    (C) any other effects that may be identified by the 
                federally funded research and development center in the 
                course of the study;
            (3) an analysis of existing efforts and programs to remove 
        barriers to entry into the Armed Forces for English learners, 
        including an analysis of the scalability and sustainability of 
        such efforts and programs; and
            (4) additional opportunities to address such barriers, 
        including alternative assessments and Armed Services Vocational 
        Aptitude Battery preparation programs for English learners.
    (c) Submittal to Department of Defense.--Not later than 270 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the federally funded 
research and development that conducts the study under subsection (a) 
shall submit to the Secretary of Defense a report on the results of the 
study.
    (d) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than 30 days after the date 
on which the Secretary of Defense receives the report under subsection 
(c), the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
an unaltered copy of the report and any comments of the Secretary with 
respect to the report.
    (e) English Learner Defined.--In this section, the term ``English 
learner'' has the meaning given that term in section 8101 of the 
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).

SEC. 528. REENLISTMENT WAIVERS FOR PERSONS SEPARATED FROM THE ARMED 
              FORCES WHO COMMIT ONE MISDEMEANOR CANNABIS OFFENSE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations that permit any Secretary of a military department to grant 
a reenlistment waiver to a covered person if the Secretary determines 
that the reenlistment of that covered person is vital to the national 
interest.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered person'' means an individual--
                    (A) who has separated from the Armed Forces; and
                    (B) who has admitted to or been convicted by a 
                court of competent jurisdiction of a single violation--
                            (i) of any law of a State or the United 
                        States relating to the use or possession of 
                        cannabis;
                            (ii) that constitutes a misdemeanor; and
                            (iii) that occurred while that individual 
                        was not on active service in the Armed Forces.
            (2) The terms ``active service'' and ``military 
        department'' have the meanings given such terms in section 101 
        of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 529. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING ACCESSION PHYSICALS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) United States Military Entrance Processing Command 
        (``USMEPCOM'') operates 65 Military Entrance Processing 
        Stations (``MEPS'') dispersed throughout the 50 States and 
        Puerto Rico.
            (2) Applicants for accession into the Armed Forces must 
        travel to the closest MEPS to receive physical examinations, 
        are often driven by a military recruiter, and receive lodging 
        at a nearby hotel, paid for by the Armed Force represented by 
        that recruiter.
            (3) In 2015, USMEPCOM reported that 473,000 applicants from 
        the military and other agencies processed through the 65 MEPS, 
        for a total of 931,000 MEPS visits.
            (4) Section 1703 of title 38, United States Code, 
        authorizes the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to enter into 
        contracts with private health care providers for physical 
        examinations.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Secretary of Defense should explore alternatives to centralized 
accession physicals at MEPS, including conducting physicals through 
community health care providers, in order to reduce transportation 
costs, increase efficiency in processing times, and free recruiters to 
focus on the core of the recruiting mission.

SEC. 530. RECOGNITION AND HONORING OF SERVICE OF INDIVIDUALS WHO SERVED 
              IN UNITED STATES CADET NURSE CORPS DURING WORLD WAR II.

    (a) Determination of Active Military Service.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall be deemed 
        to have determined under subparagraph (A) of section 401(a)(1) 
        of the GI Bill Improvement Act of 1977 (Public Law 95-202; 38 
        U.S.C. 106 note) that the service of the organization known as 
        the United States Cadet Nurse Corps during the period beginning 
        on July 1, 1943, and ending on December 31, 1948, constitutes 
        active military service.
            (2) Issuance of discharge.--Not later than one year after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall, 
        pursuant to subparagraph (B) of such section, issue to each 
        member of such organization a discharge from service of such 
        organization under honorable conditions where the nature and 
        duration of the service of such member so warrants.
    (b) Benefits.--
            (1) Status as a veteran.--Except as otherwise provided in 
        this subsection, an individual who receives a discharge under 
        subsection (a)(2) for service shall be honored as a veteran but 
        shall not be entitled by reason of such service to any benefit 
        under a law administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
            (2) Burial benefits.--Service for which an individual 
        receives a discharge under subsection (a)(2) shall be 
        considered service in the active military, naval, or air 
        service (as defined in section 101 of title 38, United States 
        Code) for purposes of eligibility and entitlement to benefits 
        under chapters 23 and 24 of title 38, United States Code, not 
        including section 2410 of that title.
            (3) Medals or other commendations.--The Secretary of 
        Defense may design and produce a service medal or other 
        commendation to honor individuals who receive a discharge under 
        subsection (a)(2).

SEC. 530A. DEVELOPMENT OF GUIDELINES FOR USE OF UNOFFICIAL SOURCES OF 
              INFORMATION TO DETERMINE ELIGIBILITY OF MEMBERS AND 
              FORMER MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES FOR BENEFITS AND 
              DECORATIONS WHEN THE SERVICE RECORDS ARE INCOMPLETE 
              BECAUSE OF DAMAGE TO THE OFFICIAL RECORD.

    (a) Guidelines Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop 
guidelines regarding the use by the Secretaries of the military 
departments and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs of unofficial sources 
of information, including eyewitness statements, to determine the 
eligibility of a member or former member of the Armed Forces for 
benefits and decorations when the service records of the member are 
incomplete because of damage to the records as a result of the 1973 
fire at the National Personnel Records Center in St. Louis, Missouri, 
or any subsequent incident while the records were in the possession of 
the Department of Defense.
    (b) Consultation.--The Secretary of Defense shall prepare the 
guidelines in consultation with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, with 
respect to veterans benefits under title 38, United States Code, whose 
eligibility determinations depend on the use of service records 
maintained by the Department of Defense.
    (c) Time for Completion.--The Secretary of Defense shall complete 
development of the guidelines not later than one year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 530B. NONDISCRIMINATION WITH RESPECT TO SERVICE IN THE ARMED 
              FORCES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 37 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 651 the following new section:
``Sec. 651a. Members: nondiscrimination
    ``(a) Standards for Eligibility for Service.--Any qualifications 
established or applied for eligibility for service in an armed force 
shall take into account only the ability of an individual to meet 
gender-neutral occupational standards for military service generally 
and the military occupational specialty concerned in particular, and 
may not include any criteria relating to the race, color, national 
origin, religion, or sex (including gender identity or sexual 
orientation) of an individual.
    ``(b) Equality of Treatment in Service.--Any personnel policy 
developed or implemented by the Department of Defense with respect to 
members of the armed forces shall ensure equality of treatment and 
opportunity for all persons in the armed forces, without regard to 
race, color, national origin, religion, and sex (including gender 
identity and sexual orientation).
    ``(c) Gender Identity Defined.--In this section, the term `gender 
identity' means the gender-related identity, appearance, mannerisms, or 
other gender-related characteristics of an individual, regardless of 
the individual's designated sex at birth.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 37 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 651 the following new item:

``651a. Members: nondiscrimination.''.

SEC. 530C. STUDY REGARDING SCREENING INDIVIDUALS WHO SEEK TO ENLIST IN 
              THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall study the feasibility 
of, in background investigations and security and suitability 
screenings of individuals who seek to enlist in the Armed Forces--
            (1) screening for white nationalists and individuals with 
        ties to white nationalist organizations; and
            (2) using the following resources of the Federal Bureau of 
        Investigation:
                    (A) The Tattoo and Graffiti Identification Program.
                    (B) The National Gang Intelligence Center.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit an unclassified 
report in writing to the congressional defense committees containing 
conclusions of the Secretary regarding the study under subsection (a).

SEC. 530D. ADVICE AND COUNSEL OF TRAUMA EXPERTS IN REVIEW BY BOARDS FOR 
              CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS AND DISCHARGE REVIEW 
              BOARDS OF CERTAIN CLAIMS.

    (a) Boards for Correction of Military Records.--Section 1552(g) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(g)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) If a board established under subsection (a)(1) is reviewing a 
claim described in subsection (h), the board shall seek advice and 
counsel in the review from a psychiatrist, psychologist, or social 
worker with training on mental health issues associated with post-
traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury or other trauma as 
specified in the current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical 
Manual of Mental Disorders published by the American Psychiatric 
Association.
    ``(3) If a board established under subsection (a)(1) is reviewing a 
claim in which sexual trauma, intimate partner violence, or spousal 
abuse is claimed, the board shall seek advice and counsel in the review 
from an expert in trauma specific to sexual assault, intimate partner 
violence, or spousal abuse, as applicable.''.
    (b) Discharge Review Boards.--Section 1553(d)(1) of such title is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(1)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph;
    ``(B) In the case of a former member described in paragraph (3)(B) 
who claims that the former member's post-traumatic stress disorder or 
traumatic brain injury as described in that paragraph in based in whole 
or in part on sexual trauma, intimate partner violence, or spousal 
abuse, a board established under this section to review the former 
member's discharge or dismissal shall seek advice and counsel in the 
review from a psychiatrist, psychologist, or social worker with 
training on mental health issues associated with post-traumatic stress 
disorder or traumatic brain injury or other trauma as specified in the 
current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental 
Disorders published by the American Psychiatric Association.''.

SEC. 530E. TRAINING OF MEMBERS OF BOARDS FOR CORRECTION OF MILITARY 
              RECORDS AND DISCHARGE REVIEW BOARDS ON SEXUAL TRAUMA, 
              INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE, SPOUSAL ABUSE, AND RELATED 
              MATTERS.

    (a) Boards for Correction of Military Records.--The curriculum of 
training for members of boards for the correction of military records 
under section 534(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (10 U.S.C. 1552 note) shall include training on each 
of the following:
            (1) Sexual trauma.
            (2) Intimate partner violence.
            (3) Spousal abuse.
            (4) The various responses of individuals to trauma.
    (b) Discharge Review Boards.--
            (1) In general.--Each Secretary concerned shall develop and 
        provide training for members of discharge review boards under 
        section 1553 of title 10, United States Code, that are under 
        the jurisdiction of such Secretary on each of the following:
                    (A) Sexual trauma.
                    (B) Intimate partner violence.
                    (C) Spousal abuse.
                    (D) The various responses of individuals to trauma.
            (2) Uniformity of training.--The Secretary of Defense and 
        the Secretary of Homeland Security shall jointly ensure that 
        the training developed and provided pursuant to this subsection 
        is, to the extent practicable, uniform.
            (3) Secretary concerned defined.--In this subsection, the 
        term ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given that term in 
        section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 530F. NOTIFICATION TO SECRETARY OF HOMELAND SECURITY OF HONORABLE 
              DISCHARGES OF NON-CITIZENS.

    (a) Notice Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide the 
Secretary of Homeland Security with a copy of the Certificate of 
Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 214) for each individual 
who is not a citizen of the United States who is honorably discharged 
from the Armed Forces so the Secretary of Homeland Security may note 
such discharge in an I-213 Record of Deportable/Inadmissible Alien for 
that individual.
    (b) Deadline.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide each notice 
under this section not later than 30 days after the date of such 
discharge.

SEC. 530G. PROHIBITION ON INVOLUNTARY SEPARATION OR DEPORTATION OF 
              MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WHO ARE DACA RECIPIENTS OR 
              HAVE TEMPORARY PROTECTED STATUS.

    (a) DACA.--No covered person who has received deferred action under 
the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program of the Department of 
Homeland Security, established pursuant to the memorandum of the 
Secretary of Homeland Security dated June 15, 2012, may, solely on the 
basis of such deferred action, be--
            (1) involuntarily separated from the Armed Forces;
            (2) placed into removal proceedings; or
            (3) removed from the United States.
    (b) TPS.--No covered person who has temporary protected status 
under section 244 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
1254a), may, solely on the basis of such status, be--
            (1) involuntarily separated from the Armed Forces;
            (2) placed into removal proceedings; or
            (3) removed from the United States.
    (c) Covered Person Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
person'' means--
            (1) a member of the Armed Forces; or
            (2) an individual who was discharged from the Armed Forces 
        under honorable conditions.

SEC. 530H. REVIEW OF DISCHARGE CHARACTERIZATION.

    (a) Short Title.--This section may cited as the ``Restore Honor to 
Service Members Act''.
    (b) In General.--In accordance with this section, and in a manner 
that is consistent across the entire Department of Defense, the 
appropriate discharge boards shall review the discharge 
characterization of covered members at the request of a covered member, 
and shall change the discharge characterization of a covered member to 
honorable if such change is determined to be appropriate after a review 
is conducted.
    (c) Appeal.--A covered member, or the representative of the member, 
may appeal a decision by the appropriate discharge board to not change 
the discharge characterization by using the regular appeals process of 
the board.
    (d) Change of Records.--For each covered member whose discharge 
characterization is changed under subsection (a), or for each covered 
member who was honorably discharged but whose DD-214 form reflects the 
sexual orientation of the member, the Secretary of Defense shall 
reissue to the member or their representative a revised DD-214 form 
that does not reflect the sexual orientation of the member or reason 
for initial discharge.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate discharge board'' means the 
        boards for correction of military records under section 1552 of 
        title 10, United States Code, or the discharge review boards 
        under section 1553 of such title, as the case may be.
            (2) The term ``covered member'' means any former member of 
        the Armed Forces who was discharged from the Armed Forces 
        because of the sexual orientation of the member.
            (3) The term ``discharge characterization'' means the 
        characterization under which a member of the Armed forces is 
        discharged or released, including ``dishonorable'', 
        ``general'', ``other than honorable'', and ``honorable''.
            (4) The term ``representative'' means the surviving spouse, 
        next of kin, or legal representative of a covered member.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

SEC. 531. COMMAND INFLUENCE.

    (a) In General.--Section 837 of title 10, United States Code 
(article 37 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Unlawfully influencing action of court'' 
        and inserting ``Command influence'';
            (2) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
    ``(a)(1) No court-martial convening authority, nor any other 
commanding officer, may censure, reprimand, or admonish the court or 
any member, military judge, or counsel thereof, with respect to the 
findings or sentence adjudged by the court, or with respect to any 
other exercise of its or his functions in the conduct of the 
proceeding.
    ``(2) No court-martial convening authority, nor any other 
commanding officer, may deter or attempt to deter a potential witness 
from participating in the investigatory process or testifying at a 
court-martial. The denial of a request to travel at government expense 
or refusal to make a witness available shall not by itself constitute 
unlawful command influence.
    ``(3) No person subject to this chapter may attempt to coerce or, 
by any unauthorized means, attempt to influence the action of a court-
martial or any other military tribunal or any member thereof, in 
reaching the findings or sentence in any case, or the action of any 
convening, approving, or reviewing authority or preliminary hearing 
officer with respect to such acts taken pursuant to this chapter as 
prescribed by the President.
    ``(4) Paragraphs (1) through (3) shall not apply with respect to--
            ``(A) general instructional or informational courses in 
        military justice if such courses are designed solely for the 
        purpose of instructing members of a command in the substantive 
        and procedural aspects of courts-martial;
            ``(B) statements regarding criminal activity or a 
        particular criminal offense that do not advocate a particular 
        disposition, or a particular court-martial finding, or 
        sentence; or
            ``(C) statements and instructions given in open court by 
        the military judge or counsel.
    ``(5)(A) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) through (3), but subject to 
subparagraph (B)--
            ``(i) a superior convening authority or officer may 
        generally discuss matters to consider regarding the disposition 
        of alleged violations of this chapter with a subordinate 
        convening authority or officer; and
            ``(ii) a subordinate convening authority or officer may 
        seek advice from a superior convening authority or officer 
        regarding the disposition of an alleged offense under this 
        chapter.
    ``(B) No superior convening authority or officer may direct a 
subordinate convening authority or officer to make a particular 
disposition in a specific case or otherwise substitute the discretion 
of such authority or such officer for that of the subordinate convening 
authority or officer.'';
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``advanced, in grade'' and 
                inserting ``advanced in grade''; and
                    (B) by striking ``accused before a court-martial'' 
                and inserting ``person in a court-martial proceeding''; 
                and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(c) No finding or sentence of a court-martial may be held 
incorrect on the ground of a violation of this section unless the 
violation materially prejudices the substantial rights of the accused.
    ``(d)(1) A superior convening authority or commanding officer may 
withhold the authority of a subordinate convening authority or officer 
to dispose of offenses in individual cases, types of cases, or 
generally.
    ``(2) Except as provided in paragraph (1) or as otherwise 
authorized by this chapter, a superior convening authority or 
commanding officer may not limit the discretion of a subordinate 
convening authority or officer to act with respect to a case for which 
the subordinate convening authority or officer has authority to dispose 
of the offenses.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
subchapter VII of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended by striking the item 
relating to section 837 (article 37) and inserting the following new 
item:

``837. Art. 37. Command influence.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) 
shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and shall 
apply with respect to violations of section 837 of title 10, United 
States Code (article 37 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
committed on or after such date.

SEC. 532. STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS FOR CERTAIN OFFENSES.

    (a) In General.--Section 843 of title 10, United States Code 
(article 43 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``maiming of a child, 
        kidnapping of a child,'' after ``sexual assault of a child,''; 
        and
            (2) in subsection (b)(2)(B)--
                    (A) by striking clauses (ii) and (iv); and
                    (B) by redesignating clause (iii) as clause (ii).
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and shall apply 
with respect to the prosecution of offenses committed before, on, or 
after the date of the enactment of this Act if the applicable 
limitation period has not yet expired.

SEC. 533. GUIDELINES ON SENTENCES FOR OFFENSES COMMITTED UNDER THE 
              UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE.

    (a) Guidelines Required.--Not later than the date specified in 
subsection (c), the Secretary of Defense shall establish nonbinding 
guidelines on sentences for offenses under chapter 47 of title 10, 
United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice). The 
guidelines shall provide the sentencing authority with a suggested 
range of punishments, including suggested ranges of confinement, that 
will generally be appropriate for a violation of each offense under 
such chapter.
    (b) Sentencing Data.--In developing the guidelines for sentences 
under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall take into account 
the sentencing data collected by the Military Justice Review Panel 
pursuant to section 946(f)(2) of title 10, United States Code (article 
146(f)(2) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
    (c) Date Specified.--The date specified in this subsection is the 
date that is not later than one year after the date on the which the 
first report of the Military Justice Review Panel is submitted to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives pursuant to section 946(f)(5) of title 10, United 
States Code (article 146(f)(5) of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice).

SEC. 534. EXPANSION OF RESPONSIBILITIES OF COMMANDERS FOR VICTIMS OF 
              SEXUAL ASSAULT COMMITTED BY ANOTHER MEMBER OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES.

    (a) Notification of Victims of Events in Military Justice 
Process.--
            (1) Notification required.--The commander of a member of 
        the Armed Forces who is the alleged victim of sexual assault 
        committed by another member of the Armed Forces shall provide 
        notification to such alleged victim of every key or other 
        significant event in the military justice process in connection 
        with the investigation, prosecution, and confinement of such 
        other member for sexual assault.
            (2) Documentation.--Each commander described in paragraph 
        (1) shall create and maintain appropriate documentation on any 
        notification provided as described in that paragraph.
    (b) Documetation of Victim's Preference on Jurisdiction in 
Prosecution.--In the case of a member of the Armed Forces who is the 
alleged victim of sexual assault committed by another member of the 
Armed Forces who is subject to prosecution for such offense both by 
court-martial under chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), and by a civilian court under State 
law, the commander of such alleged victim shall create and maintain 
appropriate documentation of the expressed preference, if any, of such 
alleged victim for prosecution of such offense by court-martial or by a 
civilian court as provided for by Rule 306(e) of the Rules for Court-
Martial.
    (c) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe in 
regulations the requirements applicable to each of the following:
            (1) Notifications under subsection (a)(1).
            (2) Documentation under subsection (a)(2).
            (3) Documentation under subsection (b).

SEC. 535. INCREASE IN INVESTIGATIVE PERSONNEL AND VICTIM WITNESS 
              ASSISTANCE PROGRAM LIAISONS.

    (a) Military Criminal Investigative Services.--
            (1) Minimum staffing level.--Not later than one year after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of each 
        military department shall ensure that the number of personnel 
        assigned to the military criminal investigative services of the 
        department is sufficient to ensure, to the extent practicable, 
        that the investigation of any sex-related offense is completed 
        not later than six months after the date on which the 
        investigation is initiated.
            (2) Status reports required.--Not later than one year after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, Secretary of each 
        military department shall issue guidance requiring that any 
        criminal investigator of the department who is assigned to 
        investigate a sex-related offense submits a status report to 
        the direct supervisor of such investigator in the event that 
        the investigation of such offense exceeds 90 days in duration. 
        Each status report shall include--
                    (A) a detailed explanation of the status of the 
                investigation;
                    (B) identification of any information that has not 
                yet been obtained but is necessary to complete the 
                investigation; and
                    (C) identification of any barriers preventing the 
                investigator from accessing such information.
    (b)  Victim Witness Assistance Program Liaisons.--Not later than 
one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
each military department shall increase the number of personnel serving 
as Victim Witness Assistance Program liaisons to address personnel 
shortages in the Victim Witness Assistance Program.

SEC. 536. INCREASE IN NUMBER OF DIGITAL FORENSIC EXAMINERS FOR THE 
              MILITARY CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION ORGANIZATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Each Secretary of a military department shall take 
appropriate actions to increase the number of digital forensic 
examiners in each military criminal investigation organization (MCIO) 
under the jurisdiction of such Secretary by not fewer than 10 from the 
authorized number of such examiners for such organization as of 
September 30, 2019.
    (b) Military Criminal Investigation Organizations.--For purposes of 
this section, the military criminal investigation organizations are the 
following:
            (1) The Army Criminal Investigation Command.
            (2) The Naval Criminal Investigative Service.
            (3) The Air Force Office of Special Investigations.
            (4) The Marine Corps. Criminal Investigation Division.
    (c) Funding.--Funds for additional digital forensic examiners as 
required by subsection (a) for fiscal year 2020, including for 
compensation, initial training, and equipment, shall be derived from 
amounts authorized to be appropriated for that fiscal year for the 
Armed Force concerned for operation and maintenance.

SEC. 537. PILOT PROGRAMS ON DEFENSE INVESTIGATORS IN THE MILITARY 
              JUSTICE SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--Each Secretary of a military department shall 
carry out a pilot program on defense investigators within the military 
justice system under the jurisdiction of such Secretary in order to do 
the following:
            (1) Determine whether the presence of defense investigators 
        within such military justice system will--
                    (A) make such military justice system more 
                effective in providing an effective defense for the 
                accused; and
                    (B) make such military justice system more fair and 
                efficient.
            (2) Otherwise assess the feasibility and advisability of 
        defense investigators as an element of such military justice 
        system.
    (b) Elements.--
            (1) Interview of victim.--A defense investigator may 
        question a victim under a pilot program only upon a request 
        made through the Special Victims' Counsel or other counsel if 
        the victim does not have such counsel.
            (2) Uniformity across military justice systems.--The 
        Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the personnel and 
        activities of defense investigators under the pilot programs 
        are, to the extent practicable, uniform across the military 
        justice systems of the military departments.
    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than three years after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, 
        in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
        departments, submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the pilot 
        programs under subsection (a).
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description of each pilot program, including 
                the personnel and activities of defense investigators 
                under such pilot program.
                    (B) An assessment of the feasibility and 
                advisability of establishing and maintaining defense 
                investigators as an element of the military justice 
                systems of the military departments.
                    (C) If the assessment under subparagraph (B) is 
                that the establishment and maintenance of defense 
                investigators as an element of the military justice 
                systems of the military departments is feasible and 
                advisable, such recommendations for legislative and 
                administrative action as the Secretary of Defense 
                considers appropriate to establish and maintain defense 
                investigators as an element of the military justice 
                systems.
                    (D) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense 
                considers appropriate.

SEC. 538. PILOT PROGRAM ON PROSECUTION OF SPECIAL VICTIM OFFENSES 
              COMMITTED BY ATTENDEES OF MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMIES.

    (a) Pilot Program.--Beginning not later than January 1, 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense shall carry out a pilot program (referred to in 
this section as the ``Pilot Program'') under which the Secretary shall 
establish, in accordance with this section, an independent authority 
to--
            (1) review each covered special victim offense; and
            (2) determine whether such offense shall be referred to 
        trial by an appropriate court-martial convening authority.
    (b) Office of the Chief Prosecutor.--
            (1) Establishment.--As part of the Pilot Program, the 
        Secretary shall establish, within the Office of the Secretary 
        of Defense, an Office of the Chief Prosecutor.
            (2) Head of office.--The head of the Office shall be known 
        as the Chief Prosecutor. The Secretary shall appoint as the 
        Chief Prosecutor a commissioned officer in the grade of O-7 or 
        above who--
                    (A) has significant experience prosecuting sexual 
                assault trials by court-martial; and
                    (B) is outside the chain of command of any cadet or 
                midshipman described in subsection (f)(2).
            (3) Responsibilities.--The Chief Prosecutor shall exercise 
        the authorities described in subsection (c) but only with 
        respect to covered special victim offenses.
            (4) Special rule.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, the military service from which the Chief Prosecutor is 
        appointed is authorized an additional billet for a general 
        officer or a flag officer for each year in the two year period 
        beginning with the year in which the appointment is made.
            (5) Termination.--The Office of the Chief Prosecutor shall 
        terminate on the date on which the Pilot Program terminates 
        under subsection (e).
    (c) Referral to Office of the Chief Prosecutor.--
            (1) Investigation phase.--
                    (A) Notice and information.--A military criminal 
                investigative organization that receives an allegation 
                of a covered special victim offense shall provide to 
                the Chief Prosecutor and the commander of the military 
                service academy concerned--
                            (i) timely notice of such allegation; and
                            (ii) any information and evidence obtained 
                        as the result a subsequent investigation into 
                        the allegation.
                    (B) Trial counsel.--A trial counsel assigned to a 
                case involving a covered special victim offense shall, 
                during the investigative phase of such case, provide 
                the Chief Prosecutor with the information necessary to 
                enable the Chief Prosecutor to make the determination 
                required under paragraph (3).
            (2) Referral to chief prosecutor.--In the case of a charge 
        relating to a covered special victim offense, in addition to 
        referring the charge to the staff judge advocate under 
        subsection (a) or (b) of section 834 of title 10, United States 
        Code (article 34 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), the 
        convening authority of the Armed Force of which the accused is 
        a member shall refer, as soon as reasonably practicable, the 
        charge to the Chief Prosecutor to make the determination 
        required by paragraph (3).
            (3) Prosecutorial determination.--The Chief Prosecutor 
        shall make a determination regarding whether a charge relating 
        to a covered special victim offense shall be referred to trial. 
        If the Chief Prosecutor makes a determination that the charge 
        shall be tried by court-martial, the Chief Prosecutor also 
        shall determine whether the charge shall be tried by a general 
        court-martial convened under section 822 of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 22 of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice) or a special court-martial convened under section 823 
        of such title (article 23 of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice). The determination of whether to try a charge relating 
        to a covered special victim offense by court-martial shall 
        include a determination of whether to try any known offenses, 
        including any lesser included offenses.
            (4) Effect of determination and appeals process.--
                    (A) Determination to proceed to trial.--Subject to 
                subparagraph (C) determination to try a charge relating 
                to a covered special victim offense by court-martial 
                under paragraph (3), and the determination as to the 
                type of court-martial, shall be binding on any 
                convening authority under chapter 47 of title 10, 
                United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice) for a trial by court-martial on the charge.
                    (B) Determination not to proceed to trial.--Subject 
                to subparagraph (C) determination under paragraph (3) 
                not to proceed to trial on a charge relating to a 
                covered special victim offense by general or special 
                court-martial shall be binding on any convening 
                authority under chapter 47 of title 10, United States 
                Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice) except that 
                such determination shall not operate to terminate or 
                otherwise alter the authority of the convening 
                authority--
                            (i) to proceed to trial by court-martial on 
                        charges of collateral misconducted related to 
                        the special victim offense; or
                            (ii) to impose non-judicial punishment in 
                        connection with the conduct covered by the 
                        charge as authorized by section 815 of such 
                        title (article 15 of the Uniform Code of 
                        Military Justice).
                    (C) Appeal.--In a case in which a convening 
                authority and the staff judge advocate advising such 
                authority disagree with the determination of the Chief 
                Prosecutor under paragraph (3), the convening authority 
                and staff judge advocate may jointly appeal the 
                determination to the General Counsel of the Department 
                of Defense. The determination of the General Counsel 
                with respect to such appeal shall be binding on the 
                Chief Prosecutor and the convening authority concerned.
            (5) Trial by randomized jury.--After the Chief Prosecutor 
        makes a determination under paragraph (3) to proceed to trial 
        on a charge relating to a covered special victim offense, the 
        matter shall be tried by a court-martial convened within the 
        Armed Force of which the accused is a member in accordance with 
        the applicable provisions of chapter 47 of title 10, United 
        States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice) except that, 
        when convening a court-martial that is a general or special 
        court-martial involving a covered special victim offense in 
        which the accused elects a jury trial, the convening authority 
        shall detail members of the Armed Forces as members thereof at 
        random unless the obtainability of members of the Armed Forces 
        for such court-martial prevents the convening authority from 
        detailing such members at random.
            (6) Unlawful influence or coercion.--The actions of the 
        Chief Prosecutor under this subsection whether or not to try 
        charges by court-martial shall be free of unlawful or 
        unauthorized influence or coercion.
    (d) Effect on Other Law.--This section shall supersede any 
provision of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform 
Code of Military Justice), that is inconsistent with this section, but 
only to the extent of the inconsistency.
    (e) Termination and Transition.--
            (1) Termination.--The authority of the Secretary to carry 
        out the Pilot Program shall terminate four years after the date 
        on which the Pilot Program is initiated.
            (2) Transition.--The Secretary shall take such actions as 
        are necessary to ensure that, on the date on which the Pilot 
        Program terminates under paragraph (1), any matter referred to 
        the Chief Prosecutor under subsection (c)(2), but with respect 
        to which the Chief Prosecutor has not made a determination 
        under subsection (c)(3), shall be transferred to the 
        appropriate convening authority for consideration.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``Armed Force'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 101(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) The term ``covered special victim offense'' means a 
        special victim offense--
                    (A) alleged to have been committed on or after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act by a cadet of the 
                United States Military Academy, the United States Air 
                Force Academy, or the United States Coast Guard 
                Academy, without regard to the location at which the 
                offense was committed; or
                    (B) alleged to have been committed on or after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act by a midshipman of 
                the United States Naval Academy, without regard to the 
                location at which the offense was committed.
            (3) The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of Defense.
            (4) The term ``special victim offense'' means any of the 
        following:
                    (A) An offense under section 917a, 920, 920b, 920c, 
                or 930 of title 10, United States Code (article 117a, 
                120, 120b, 120c, or 130 of the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice).
                    (B) A conspiracy to commit an offense specified in 
                subparagraph (A) as punishable under section 881 of 
                such title (article 81 of the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice).
                    (C) A solicitation to commit an offense specified 
                in subparagraph (A) as punishable under section 882 of 
                such title (article 82 of the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice).
                    (D) An attempt to commit an offense specified in 
                subparagraph (A) as punishable under section 880 of 
                such title (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice).

SEC. 539. TIMELY DISPOSITION OF NONPROSECUTABLE SEX-RELATED OFFENSES.

    (a) Policy Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
implement a policy to ensure the timely disposition of nonprosecutable 
sex-related offenses in accordance with subsection (b).
    (b) Elements.--The policy developed under subsection (a) shall 
require the following:
            (1) Not later than seven days after the date on which a 
        court-martial convening authority declines to refer a 
        nonprosecutable sex-related offense for trial by general or 
        special court-martial under chapter 47 of title 10, United 
        States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), the 
        convening authority will forward the investigation to the 
        commander of the accused.
            (2) Not later than 90 days after the date on which the 
        commander of the accused receives the investigation under 
        paragraph (1)--
                    (A) the commander will determine whether or not to 
                take other judicial, nonjudicial, or administrative 
                action in connection with the conduct covered by the 
                investigation, including any lesser included offenses, 
                as authorized under section 815 of title 10, United 
                States Code (article 15 of the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice); and
                    (B) in a case in which the commander of the accused 
                decides to take additional action under subparagraph 
                (A), the commander take such actions as appropriate.
    (c) Nonprosecutable Sex-related Offense Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``nonprosecutable sex-related offense'' means an alleged sex-
related offense (as that term is defined in section 1044e(g) of title 
10, United States Code) that a court-martial convening authority has 
declined to refer for trial by a general or special court-martial under 
chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice) due to a determination that there is insufficient 
evidence to support prosecution of the sex-related offense.

SEC. 540. TRAINING FOR SEXUAL ASSAULT INITIAL DISPOSITION AUTHORITIES 
              ON EXERCISE OF DISPOSITION AUTHORITY FOR SEXUAL ASSAULT 
              AND COLLATERAL OFFENSES.

    (a) In General.--The training for sexual assault initial 
Disposition authorities on the exercise of disposition authority under 
chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice), with respect to cases for which disposition 
authority is withheld to such authorities by the April 20, 2012, 
memorandum of the Secretary of Defense, or any successor memorandum, 
shall include comprehensive training on the exercise by such 
authorities of such authority with respect to such cases in order to 
enhance the capabilities of such Authorities in the exercise of such 
authority and thereby promote confidence and trust in the military 
justice process with respect to such cases.
    (b) Memorandum of Secretary of Defense.--The April 20, 2012, 
memorandum of the Secretary of Defense referred to in subsection (a) is 
the memorandum of the Secretary of Defense entitled ``Withholding 
Initial Disposition Authority Under the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice in Certain Sexual Assault Cases'' and dated April 20, 2012.

SEC. 540A. ASSESSMENT OF RACIAL, ETHNIC, AND GENDER DISPARITIES IN THE 
              MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall carry out the 
activities described in subsection (b) to improve the ability of the 
Department of Defense to detect and address racial, ethnic, and gender 
disparities in the military justice system.
    (b) Activities Described.--The activities described in this 
subsection are the following:
            (1) For each court-martial carried out by an Armed Force 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall require the head of the Armed Force concerned--
                    (A) to record the race, ethnicity, and gender of 
                the victim and the accused, and such other demographic 
                information about the victim and the accused as the 
                Secretary considers appropriate;
                    (B) to include data based on the information 
                described in subparagraph (A) in the annual military 
                justice reports of the Armed Force.
            (2) The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
        Secretaries of the military departments and the Secretary of 
        Homeland Security, shall issue guidance that--
                    (A) establishes criteria to determine when data 
                indicating possible racial, ethnic, or gender 
                disparities in the military justice process should be 
                further reviewed; and
                    (B) describes how such a review should be 
                conducted.
            (3) The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
        Secretaries of the military departments and the Secretary of 
        Homeland Security, shall--
                    (A) conduct an evaluation to identify the causes of 
                any racial, ethnic, or gender disparities in the 
                military justice system;
                    (B) take steps to address the causes of such 
                disparities, as appropriate.

SEC. 540B. EXPANSION OF PRE-REFERRAL MATTERS REVIEWABLE BY MILITARY 
              JUDGES AND MILITARY MAGISTRATES IN THE INTEREST OF 
              EFFICIENCY IN MILITARY JUSTICE.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 830a of title 10, United 
States Code (article 30a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
amended by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the following 
new paragraphs:
            (1) The President shall prescribe regulations for matters 
        relating to proceedings conducted before referral of charges 
        and specifications to court-martial for trial, including the 
        following:
                    (A) Pre-referral investigative subpoenas.
                    (B) Pre-referral warrants or orders for electronic 
                communications.
                    (C) Pre-referral matters referred by an appellate 
                court.
                    (D) Pre-referral matters under subsection (c) or 
                (e) of section 806b of this title (article 6b).
                    (E) Pre-referral matters relating to the following:
                            (i) Pre-trial confinement of an accused.
                            (ii) The accused's mental capacity.
                            (iii) A request for an individual military 
                        counsel.
            (2) In addition to the matters specified in paragraph (1), 
        the regulations prescribed under that paragraph shall--
                    (A) set forth the matters that a military judge may 
                rule upon in such proceedings;
                    (B) include procedures for the review of such 
                rulings; and
                    (C) include appropriate limitations to ensure that 
                proceedings under this section extend only to matters 
                that would be subject to consideration by a military 
                judge in a general or special court-martial.
    (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
        amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 830A. Art. 30a. proceedings conducted before referral''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of subchapter VI of chapter 47 of title 10, United 
        States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended 
        by striking the item relating to section 830 (article 30a) and 
        inserting the following new item:

``830a. 30a. Proceedings conducted before referral.''.

SEC. 540C. TRAINING FOR COMMANDERS IN THE ARMED FORCES ON THEIR ROLE IN 
              ALL STAGES OF MILITARY JUSTICE IN CONNECTION WITH SEXUAL 
              ASSAULT.

    (a) In General.--The training provided commanders in the Armed 
Forces shall include comprehensive training on the role of commanders 
in all stages of military justice in connection with sexual assaults by 
members of the Armed Forces against other members of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Elements to Be Covered.--The training provided pursuant to 
subsection (a) shall include training on the following:
            (1) The role of commanders in each stage of the military 
        justice process in connection with sexual assault committed by 
        a member of the Armed Forces against another member, including 
        investigation and prosecution.
            (2) The role of commanders in assuring that victims in 
        sexual assault described in paragraph (1) are informed of, and 
        have the opportunity to obtain, assistance available for 
        victims of sexual assault by law.
            (3) The role of commanders in assuring that victims in 
        sexual assault described in paragraph (1) are afforded the due 
        process rights and protections available to victims by law.
            (4) The role of commanders in preventing retaliation 
        against victims, their family members, witnesses, first 
        responders, and bystanders for their complaints, statements, 
        testimony, and status in connection with sexual assault 
        described in paragraph (1), including the role of commanders in 
        ensuring that subordinates in the command are aware of their 
        responsibilities in preventing such retaliation.
            (5) The role of commanders in establishing and maintaining 
        a healthy command climate in connection with reporting on 
        sexual assault described in paragraph (1) and in the response 
        of the commander, subordinates in the command, and other 
        personnel in the command to such sexual assault, such 
        reporting, and the military justice process in connection with 
        such sexual assault.
            (6) Any other matters on the role of commanders in 
        connection with sexual assault described in paragraph (1) that 
        the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate for purposes of 
        this section.
    (c) Incorporation of Best Practices.--
            (1) In general.--The training provided pursuant to 
        subsection (a) shall incorporate best practices on all matters 
        covered by the training.
            (2) Identification of best practices.--The Secretaries of 
        the military departments shall, acting through the training and 
        doctrine commands of the Armed Forces, undertake from time to 
        time surveys and other reviews of the matters covered by the 
        training provided pursuant to subsection (a) in order to 
        identify and incorporate into such training the most current 
        practicable best practices on such matters.
    (d) Uniformity.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
training provided pursuant to subsection (a) is, to the extent 
practicable, uniform across the Armed Forces.

                    Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

SEC. 541. STANDARD OF EVIDENCE APPLICABLE TO INVESTIGATIONS AND REVIEWS 
              RELATED TO PROTECTED COMMUNICATIONS OF MEMBERS OF THE 
              ARMED FORCES AND PROHIBITED RETALIATORY ACTIONS.

    (a) Standard of Evidence.--Section 1034 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(1)(B)(ii), by striking ``as defined 
        in subsection (i)'' and inserting ``as defined in subsection 
        (k)'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (i) and (j) as subsections 
        (j) and (k), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (h) the following new 
        subsection (i):
    ``(i) Standard of Evidence.--A finding or other determination made 
under any of subsections (c), (d), (g), or (h) may be based on the 
standards of evidence specified in section 1221(e) of title 5.''.
    (b) Applicability.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall not 
apply to members of the Coast Guard.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the date that is 30 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, and shall apply with respect to allegations pending or 
submitted under section 1034 of title 10, United States Code, on or 
after that date.

SEC. 542. EXPANSION OF SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL FOR VICTIMS OF SEX-
              RELATED OR DOMESTIC VIOLENCE OFFENSES.

    (a) In General.--Section 1044e of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``sex-related'' and 
        inserting ``sex-related or domestic violence'';
            (2) by striking ``alleged sex-related offense'' each place 
        it appears and inserting ``alleged sex-related offense or 
        alleged domestic violence offense'';
            (3) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``an individual 
                described in paragraph (2)'' and inserting ``an 
                individual described in paragraph (3)'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph 
                (3); and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
                new paragraph (2):
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned shall designate paralegals (to be 
known as `Special Victims' Counsel Paralegals') for the purpose of 
providing paralegal assistance to Special Victims' Counsel.'';
            (4) in subsection (b)(2), by inserting ``or the Family 
        Advocacy Program'' after ``Victim Witness Assistance Program'';
            (5) in subsection (d)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by striking ``Special Victims' 
                        Counsel'' and inserting ``Special Victims' 
                        Counsel and a Special Victims' Counsel 
                        Paralegal''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``Special 
                Victims' Counsel.'' and inserting ``and a Special 
                Victims' Counsel Paralegal; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
            ``(C) ensure that a Special Victims' Counsel receives the 
        training necessary to meet the needs of a victim of an alleged 
        sex-related offense or an alleged domestic violence offense.'';
            (6) in subsection (f)(1), by inserting ``a representative 
        of the Family Advocacy Program,'' after ``Sexual Assault Victim 
        Advocate,'';
            (7) by amending subsection (g) to read as follows:
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `alleged sex-related offense' means any 
        allegation of--
                    ``(A) a violation of section 920, 920b, 920c, or 
                930 of this title (article 120, 120b, 120c, or 130 of 
                the Uniform Code of Military Justice); or
                    ``(B) an attempt to commit an offense specified in 
                a subparagraph (A) as punishable under section 880 of 
                this title (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice).
            ``(2) The term `alleged domestic violence offense' means 
        any allegation of--
                    ``(A) a violation of section 928b of this title 
                (article 128b of the Uniform Code of Military Justice); 
                or
                    ``(B) an attempt to commit such an offense as 
                punishable under section 880 of this title (article 80 
                of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).''; and
            (8) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(i) Minimum Staffing Level.--Not later than two years after the 
date of enactment of this subsection, the Secretaries concerned shall 
ensure that the number Special Victims' Counsel serving in each 
military department is sufficient to ensure that the average caseload 
of a Special Victims' Counsel does not exceed 25 cases at any given 
time.
    ``(j) Report Required.--Not later than December 1, 2022, the 
Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries concerned, 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives a report that includes--
            ``(1) an analysis of the caseloads of Special Victims' 
        Counsel and Special Victims' Counsel Paralegals, respectively;
            ``(2) an assessment of the ability of the military 
        departments to fill additional authorized billets for the 
        Special Victims' Counsel program to meet mission requirements; 
        and
            ``(3) a description of how the training requirements for 
        the Special Victims' Counsel program have been expanded to meet 
        the needs of victims of alleged domestic violence offenses.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 53 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 1044e and inserting the following new item:

``1044e. Special Victims' Counsel for victims of sex-related or 
                            domestic violence offenses.''.

SEC. 543. NOTIFICATION OF ISSUANCE OF MILITARY PROTECTIVE ORDER TO 
              CIVILIAN LAW ENFORCEMENT.

    (a) Notification of Issuance.--Section 1567a of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``and any individual 
        involved in the order does not reside on a military 
        installation at any time during the duration of the military 
        protective order, the commander of the military installation 
        shall notify'' and inserting ``, the commander of the unit to 
        which the member is assigned shall, not later than seven days 
        after the date of the issuance of the order, notify'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c);
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection (b);
    ``(b) Notification in Event of Transfer.--In the event that a 
member of the armed forces against whom a military protective order is 
issued is transferred to another unit--
            ``(1) not later than the date of the transfer, the 
        commander of the unit from which the member is transferred 
        shall notify the commander of the unit to which the member is 
        transferred of--
                    ``(A) the issuance of the protective order; and
                    ``(B) the individuals involved in the order; and
            ``(2) not later than seven days after receiving the notice 
        under paragraph (1), the commander of the unit to which the 
        member is transferred shall provide notice of the order to the 
        appropriate civilian authorities in accordance with subsection 
        (a).''; and
            (4) in subsection (c), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``commander of the military installation'' and inserting 
        ``commander of the unit to which the member is assigned''.
    (b) Annual Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2020, and each 
year thereafter through 2024, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report that identifies--
            (1) the number of military protective orders issued in the 
        calendar year preceding the year in which the report is 
        submitted; and
            (2) the number of such orders that were reported to 
        appropriate civilian authorities in accordance with section 
        1567a(a) of title 10, United States Code, in such preceding 
        year.

SEC. 544. POLICIES AND PROCEDURES ON REGISTRATION AT MILITARY 
              INSTALLATIONS OF CIVIL PROTECTION ORDERS APPLICABLE TO 
              MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES ASSIGNED TO SUCH 
              INSTALLATIONS AND CERTAIN OTHER INDIVIDUALS.

    (a) Policies and Procedures Required.--Not later than one year 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, establish policies and procedures for the registration at 
military installations of any civil protection orders described in 
subsection (b), including the duties and responsibilities of commanders 
of installations in the registration process.
    (b) Civil Protection Orders.--A civil protection order described in 
this subsection is any civil protective order as follows:
            (1) A civil protection order against a member of the Armed 
        Forces assigned to the installation concerned.
            (2) A civil protection order against a civilian employee 
        employed at the installation concerned.
            (3) A civil protection order against the civilian spouse or 
        intimate partner of a member of the Armed Forces on active duty 
        and assigned to the installation concerned, or of a civilian 
        employee described in paragraph (2), which order provides for 
        the protection of such member or employee.
    (c) Particular Elements.--The policies and procedures required by 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
            (1) A requirement for notice between and among the 
        commander, military law enforcement elements, and military 
        criminal investigative elements of an installation when a 
        member of the Armed Forces assigned to such installation, a 
        civilian employee employed at such installation, a civilian 
        spouse or intimate partner of a member assigned to such 
        installation, or a civilian spouse or intimate partner of a 
        civilian employee employed at such installation becomes subject 
        to a civil protection order.
            (2) A statement of policy that failure to register a civil 
        protection order may not be a justification for the lack of 
        enforcement of such order by military law enforcement and other 
        applicable personnel who have knowledge of such order.
    (d) Letter.--As soon as practicable after establishing the policies 
and procedures required by subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a letter that includes the following:
            (1) A detailed description of the policies and procedures.
            (2) A certification by the Secretary that the policies and 
        procedures have been implemented on each military installation.

SEC. 545. CLARIFICATIONS REGARDING SCOPE OF EMPLOYMENT AND REEMPLOYMENT 
              RIGHTS OF MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.

    (a) Clarification Regarding Definition of Rights and Benefits.--
Section 4303(2) of title 38, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(A)'' before ``The term''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(B) Any procedural protections or provisions set forth in 
        this chapter shall also be considered a right or benefit 
        subject to the protection of this chapter.''.
    (b) Clarification Regarding Relation to Other Law and Plans for 
Agreements.--Section 4302 of such title is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
    ``(c)(1) Pursuant to this section and the procedural rights 
afforded by subchapter III of this chapter, any agreement to arbitrate 
a claim under this chapter is unenforceable, unless all parties consent 
to arbitration after a complaint on the specific claim has been filed 
in court or with the Merit Systems Protection Board and all parties 
knowingly and voluntarily consent to have that particular claim 
subjected to arbitration.
    ``(2) For purposes of this subsection, consent shall not be 
considered voluntary when a person is required to agree to arbitrate an 
action, complaint, or claim alleging a violation of this chapter as a 
condition of future or continued employment, advancement in employment, 
or receipt of any right or benefit of employment.''.

SEC. 546. MILITARY ORDERS REQUIRED FOR TERMINATION OF LEASES PURSUANT 
              TO THE SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF ACT.

    Section 305(i) of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 
3955) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``(including orders for 
        separation or retirement)'' after ``official military orders''; 
        and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) Permanent change of station.--The term `permanent 
        change of station' includes separation or retirement from 
        military service.''.

SEC. 547. CONSULTATION REGARDING VICTIM'S PREFERENCE IN PROSECUTION 
              JURISDICTION.

    Section 534(b) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 
113-291; 10 U.S.C. 1044e note) is amended by--
            (1) redesignating paragraphs (2) through (4) as paragraphs 
        (3) through (5), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph (2):
            ``(2) Record of consultation and victim preference.--The 
        Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Personnel and Readiness, shall issue guidance to 
        ensure that the consultation under paragraph (1) is provided to 
        each victim of an alleged sex-related offense described in such 
        paragraph. Such guidance shall require that the following 
        information about each consultation is recorded and preserved 
        in written or electronic format:
                    ``(A) The time and date of the consultation.
                    ``(B) The name of the individual who consulted with 
                the victim.
                    ``(C) The result of the consultation, including--
                            ``(i) whether the victim expressed a 
                        preference under paragraph (1); and
                            ``(ii) if the victim expressed a 
                        preference, whether the victim preferred that 
                        the offense be prosecuted by court-martial or 
                        in a civilian court.''.

SEC. 548. EXTENSION AND EXPANSION OF DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON 
              INVESTIGATION, PROSECUTION, AND DEFENSE OF SEXUAL ASSAULT 
              IN THE ARMED FORCES.

    Section 546 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (10 U.S.C. 1561 
note) is amended--
            (1) by amending paragraph (2) of subsection (c) to read as 
        follows:
            ``(2) Basis for provision of advice.--For purposes of 
        providing advice to the Secretary pursuant to this subsection, 
        the Advisory Committee shall--
                    ``(A) review, on an ongoing basis, cases involving 
                allegations of sexual misconduct described in paragraph 
                (1);
                    ``(B) study the feasibility of incorporating 
                restorative justice models into the Uniform Code of 
                Military Justice; and
                    ``(C) review Rule for Courts-Martial 1001(c) (as 
                set forth in the Manual for Courts-Martial, 2019 
                edition, or any successor rule) to determine whether, 
                and to what extent, the interpretation of that rule by 
                military courts--
                            ``(i) limits the ability of sexual assault 
                        victims to make statements during presentencing 
                        proceedings; and
                            ``(ii) limits the content of such 
                        statements.''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``five years'' and 
        inserting ``ten years''.

SEC. 549. DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR THE PREVENTION OF SEXUAL 
              MISCONDUCT.

    (a) Establishment Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
        and maintain within the Department of Defense an advisory 
        committee to be known as the ``Defense Advisory Committee for 
        the Prevention of Sexual Misconduct'' (in this section referred 
        to as the ``Advisory Committee'').
            (2) Deadline for establishment.--The Secretary shall 
        establish the Advisory Committee not later than 180 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Membership.--
            (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall consist of 
        not more than 20 members, appointed by the Secretary from among 
        individuals who have an expertise appropriate for the work of 
        the Advisory Committee, including at least one individual with 
        each expertise as follows:
                    (A) Expertise in the prevention of sexual assault 
                and behaviors on the sexual assault continuum of harm.
                    (B) Expertise in the prevention of suicide.
                    (C) Expertise in trauma and trauma symptoms.
                    (D) Expertise in the change of culture of large 
                organizations.
                    (E) Expertise in implementation science.
            (2) Background of individuals.--Individuals appointed to 
        the Advisory Committee may include individuals with expertise 
        in sexual assault prevention efforts of institutions of higher 
        education, public health officials, and such other individuals 
        as the Secretary considers appropriate.
            (3) Prohibition on membership of members of armed forces on 
        active duty.--A member of the Armed Forces serving on active 
        duty may not serve as a member of the Advisory Committee.
    (c) Duties.--
            (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall advise the 
        Secretary on the following:
                    (A) The prevention of sexual assault (including 
                rape, forcible sodomy, other sexual assault, and other 
                sexual misconduct (including behaviors on the sexual 
                assault continuum of harm)) involving members of the 
                Armed Forces.
                    (B) The policies, programs, and practices of each 
                military department, each Armed Force, and each 
                military service academy for the prevention of sexual 
                assault as described in subparagraph (A).
            (2) Basis for provision of advice.--For purposes of 
        providing advice to the Secretary pursuant to this subsection, 
        the Advisory Committee shall review, on an ongoing basis, the 
        following:
                    (A) Closed cases involving allegations of sexual 
                assault described in paragraph (1).
                    (B) Efforts of institutions of higher education to 
                prevent sexual assault among students.
                    (C) Any other information or matters that the 
                Advisory Committee or the Secretary considers 
                appropriate.
            (3) Coordination of efforts.--In addition to the reviews 
        required by paragraph (2), for purposes of providing advice to 
        the Secretary the Advisory Committee shall also consult and 
        coordinate with the Defense Advisory Committee on 
        Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in 
        the Armed Forces (DAC-IPAD) on matters of joint interest to the 
        two Advisory Committees.
    (d) Annual Report.--Not later than March 30 each year, the Advisory 
Committee shall submit to the Secretary and the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
activities of the Advisory Committee pursuant to this section during 
the preceding year.
    (e) Sexual Assault Continuum of Harm.--In this section, the term 
``sexual assault continuum of harm'' includes--
            (1) inappropriate actions (such as sexist jokes), sexual 
        harassment, gender discrimination, hazing, cyber bullying, or 
        other behavior that contributes to a culture that is tolerant 
        of, or increases risk for, sexual assault; and
            (2) maltreatment or ostracism of a victim for a report of 
        sexual misconduct.
    (f) Termination.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        Advisory Committee shall terminate on the date that is five 
        years after the date of the establishment of the Advisory 
        Committee pursuant to subsection (a).
            (2) Continuation.--The Secretary of Defense may continue 
        the Advisory Committee after the termination date applicable 
        under paragraph (1) if the Secretary determines that 
        continuation of the Advisory Committee after that date is 
        advisable and appropriate. If the Secretary determines to 
        continue the Advisory Committee after that date, the Secretary 
        shall notify the Committees on the Armed Services of the Senate 
        and House of Representatives.

SEC. 550. SAFE TO REPORT POLICY APPLICABLE ACROSS THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation 
with the Secretaries of the military departments, prescribe in 
regulations a safe to report policy described in subsection (b) that 
applies with respect to all members of the Armed Forces (including 
members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces) and cadets and 
midshipmen at the military service academies.
    (b) Safe to Report Policy.--The safe to report policy described in 
this subsection is a policy under which a member of the Armed Forces 
who is the alleged victim of sexual assault, but who may have committed 
minor collateral misconduct at or about the time of such sexual 
assault, or whose minor collateral misconduct is discovered only as a 
result of the investigation into such sexual assault, may report such 
sexual assault to proper authorities without fear or receipt of 
discipline in connection with such minor collateral misconduct absent 
aggravating circumstances that increase the gravity of the minor 
collateral misconduct or its impact on good order and discipline.
    (c) Minor Collateral Misconduct.--For purposes of the safe to 
report policy, minor collateral misconduct shall include any of the 
following:
            (1) Improper use or possession of alcohol.
            (2) Consensual intimate behavior (including adultery) or 
        fraternization.
            (3) Presence in an off-limits area.
            (4) Such other misconduct as the Secretary of Defense shall 
        specify in the regulations under subsection (a).
    (d) Aggravating Circumstances.--The regulations under subsection 
(a) shall specify aggravating circumstances that increase the gravity 
of minor collateral misconduct or its impact on good order and 
discipline for purposes of the safe to report policy.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``Armed Forces'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 101(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code, 
        except such term does not include the Coast Guard.
            (2) The term ``military service academy'' means the 
        following:
                    (A) The United States Military Academy.
                    (B) The United States Naval Academy.
                    (C) The United States Air Force Academy.

SEC. 550A. AVAILABILITY OF SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL AND SPECIAL VICTIM 
              PROSECUTORS AT MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Deadline for Availability.--
            (1) In general.--If an individual specified in paragraph 
        (2) is not available at a military installation for access by a 
        member of the Armed Forces who requests access to such an 
        individual, such an individual shall be made available at such 
        installation for access by such member by not later than 48 
        hours after such request.
            (2) Individuals.--The individuals specified in this 
        paragraph are the following:
                    (A) Special Victims' Counsel (SVC).
                    (B) Special Victim Prosecutor (SPC).
    (b) Report on Civilian Support of SVCs.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, each Secretary of a 
military department shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting forth the 
assessment of such Secretary of the feasibility and advisability of 
establishing and maintaining at each installation under the 
jurisdiction of such Secretary with a Special Victims' Counsel one or 
more civilian positions for the purpose of--
            (1) providing support to such Special Victims' Counsel; and
            (2) ensuring continuity and the preservation of 
        institutional knowledge in transitions between the service of 
        individuals as Special Victims' Counsel at such installation.

SEC. 550B. NOTICE TO VICTIMS OF ALLEGED SEXUAL ASSAULT OF PENDENCY OF 
              FURTHER ADMINISTRATIVE ACTION FOLLOWING A DETERMINATION 
              NOT TO REFER TO TRIAL BY COURT-MARTIAL.

    Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, upon a 
determination not to refer a case of alleged sexual assault for trial 
by court-martial under chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), the commander making such 
determination shall periodically notify the victim of the status of a 
final determination on further action on such case, whether non-
judicial punishment under section 815 of such title (article 15 of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), other administrative action, or no 
further action. Such notifications shall continue not less frequently 
than monthly until such final determination.

SEC. 550C. TRAINING FOR SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL ON CIVILIAN CRIMINAL 
              JUSTICE MATTERS IN THE STATES OF THE MILITARY 
              INSTALLATIONS TO WHICH ASSIGNED.

    (a) Training.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in subsection (c), upon 
        the assignment of a Special Victims' Counsel (including a 
        Victim Legal Counsel of the Navy) to a military installation in 
        the United States, such Counsel shall be provided appropriate 
        training on the law and policies of the State or States in 
        which such military installation is located with respect to the 
        criminal justice matters specified in paragraph (2). The 
        purpose of the training is to assist such Counsel in providing 
        victims of alleged sex-related offenses with information 
        necessary to make an informed decision regarding preference as 
        to the jurisdiction (whether court-martial or State court) in 
        which such offenses will be prosecuted.
            (2) Criminal justice matters.--The criminal justice matters 
        specified in this paragraph, with respect to a State, are the 
        following:
                    (A) Victim rights.
                    (B) Prosecution of criminal offenses.
                    (C) Sentencing for conviction of criminal offenses.
    (b) Alleged Sex-related Offense Defined.--In this section, the term 
``alleged sex-related offense'' means any allegation of--
            (1) a violation of section 920, 920b, 920c, or 930 of title 
        10, United States Code (article 120, 120b, 120c, or 130 of the 
        Uniform Code of Military Justice); or
            (2) an attempt to commit an offense specified in a 
        paragraph (1) as punishable under section 880 of title 10, 
        United States Code (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice).
    (c) Exception.--The requirements of this section do not apply to a 
Special Victims' Counsel of the Coast Guard.

SEC. 550D. COPYRIGHT PROTECTION FOR CIVILIAN FACULTY OF ACCREDITED 
              INSTITUTIONS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 108 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2169a. Copyright of works created by civilian faculty members
    ``(a) Copyright of Works.--Subject to subsection (b), for purposes 
of sections 101 and 105 of title 17, a work produced by a civilian 
member of the faculty of a covered institution is only a work of the 
United States Government if the work is created in direct support of a 
lecture, instruction, curriculum development, or special duty assigned 
to such civilian member at the covered institution.
    ``(b) Use by Federal Government.--The Secretary concerned may 
require a civilian member of the faculty of a covered institution who 
becomes the owner of a copyright in a work that would be considered a 
work of the United States Government but for the applicability of 
subsection (a) to--
            ``(1) provide the Federal Government with an irrevocable, 
        royalty-free, world-wide, nonexclusive license to use, modify, 
        reproduce, release, perform, display, or disclose such work for 
        United States Government purposes; and
            ``(2) authorize the Federal Government to authorize persons 
        that are not officers or employees of the Federal Government to 
        use, modify, reproduce, release, perform, display, or disclose 
        such work for United States Government purposes.
    ``(c) Covered Institution Defined.--In this section, the term 
`covered institution' means the following:
            ``(1) National Defense University.
            ``(2) United States Military Academy.
            ``(3) Army War College.
            ``(4) United States Army Command and General Staff College.
            ``(5) United States Naval Academy.
            ``(6) Naval War College.
            ``(7) Naval Post Graduate School.
            ``(8) Marine Corps University.
            ``(9) United States Air Force Academy.
            ``(10) Air University.
            ``(11) Defense Language Institute.
            ``(12) United States Coast Guard Academy.''.
    (b) Table of Sections Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following 
new item:

``2169a. Copyright of works created by civilian faculty members.''.

SEC. 550E. PRELIMINARY INQUIRY ON ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY BURIAL.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The Department of Defense must ensure that only 
        individuals who have served honorably are interred or inurned 
        at Arlington National Cemetery.
            (2) Recent news reports have alleged that Army Sergeant 
        Jack Edward Dunlap, who was buried at Arlington National 
        Cemetery in 1963, may have been the past subject of an 
        espionage investigation by the National Security Agency, the 
        results of which have not been made public.
    (b) Inquiry Required.--The General Counsel of the Department of the 
Army shall, pursuant to the terms of section 553.21 of title 32, Code 
of Federal Regulations, carry out a preliminary inquiry to investigate 
the Arlington National Cemetery burial of Jack Edward Dunlap due to 
accusations that he supplied the Soviet Union with valuable 
intelligence during the Cold War.

SEC. 550F. AVAILABILITY OF RECORDS FOR NATIONAL INSTANT CRIMINAL 
              BACKGROUND CHECK SYSTEM.

    (a) NICS Records.--Section 101(b) of the NICS Improvement 
Amendments Act of 2007 (34 U.S.C. 40911(b)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (1), the following new 
        paragraph (2):
            ``(2) Department of defense.--Not later than three business 
        days after the final disposition of a judicial proceeding 
        conducted within the Department of Defense, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall make available to the Attorney General records 
        which are relevant to a determination of whether a member of 
        the Armed Forces involved in such proceeding is disqualified 
        from possessing or receiving a firearm under subsection (g) or 
        (n) of section 922 of title 18, United States Code, for use in 
        background checks performed by the National Instant Criminal 
        Background Check System.''.
    (b) Study and Report on MPO Database.--
            (1) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study 
        on the feasibility of establishing a database of military 
        protective orders issued by military commanders against 
        individuals suspected of having committed an offense of 
        domestic violence under section 928b of title 10, United States 
        Code (article 128b of the Uniform Code of Military Justice). 
        The study shall include an examination of each of the 
        following:
                    (A) The feasibility of creating a database to 
                record, track, and report such military protective 
                orders to the National Instant Criminal Background 
                Check System.
                    (B) The feasibility of establishing a process by 
                which a military judge or magistrate may issue a 
                protective order against an individual suspected of 
                having committed such an offense.
            (2) Report.--Not later then 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a report on the results of 
        the study conducted under paragraph (1).

SEC. 550G. TERMINATION OF LEASES OF PREMISES AND MOTOR VEHICLES OF 
              SERVICEMEMBERS WHO INCUR CATASTROPHIC INJURY OR ILLNESS 
              OR DIE WHILE IN MILITARY SERVICE.

    (a) Catastrophic Injuries and Illnesses.--Subsection (a) of section 
305 of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 3955), as amended 
by section 301 of the Veterans Benefits and Transition Act of 2018 
(Public Law 115-407), is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraph:
            ``(4) Catastrophic injury or illness of lessee.--The spouse 
        of the lessee on a lease described in subsection (b) may 
        terminate the lease during the one-year period beginning on the 
        date on which the lessee incurs a catastrophic injury or 
        illness (as that term is defined in section 439(g) of title 37, 
        United States Code), if the lessee incurs the catastrophic 
        injury or illness during a period of military service or while 
        performing full-time National Guard duty, active Guard and 
        Reserve duty, or inactive-duty training (as such terms are 
        defined in section 101(d) of title 10, United States Code).''.
    (b) Deaths.--Paragraph (3) of such subsection is amended by 
striking ``in subsection (b)(1)'' and inserting ``in subsection (b)''.

SEC. 550H. TO RESOLVE CONTROVERSIES UNDER SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF 
              ACT.

    (a) In General.--Section 102 of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act 
(50 U.S.C. App. 512) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(d) Written Consent Required for Arbitration.--Notwithstanding 
any other provision of law, whenever a contract with a servicemember, 
or a servicemember and the servicemember's spouse jointly, provides for 
the use of arbitration to resolve a controversy subject to a provision 
of this Act and arising out of or relating to such contract, 
arbitration may be used to settle such controversy only if, after such 
controversy arises, all parties to such controversy consent in writing 
to use arbitration to settle such controversy.''.
    (b) Applicability.--Subsection (d) of such section, as added by 
subsection (a), shall apply with respect to contracts entered into, 
amended, altered, modified, renewed, or extended after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

SEC. 550I. LIMITATION ON WAIVER OF RIGHTS AND PROTECTIONS UNDER 
              SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF ACT.

    (a) In General.--Section 107(a) of the Servicemembers Civil Relief 
Act (50 U.S.C. App. 517(a)) is amended--
            (1) in the second sentence, by inserting ``and if it is 
        made after a specific dispute has arisen and the dispute is 
        identified in the waiver'' after ``to which it applies''; and
            (2) in the third sentence, by inserting ``and if it is made 
        after a specific dispute has arisen and the dispute is 
        identified in the waiver'' after ``period of military 
        service''.
    (b) Applicability.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
apply with respect to waivers made on or after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

SEC. 550J. PRESERVATION OF RIGHT TO BRING CLASS ACTION UNDER 
              SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF ACT.

    (a) In General.--Section 802(a) of the Servicemembers Civil Relief 
Act (50 U.S.C. App. 597a(a)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) be a representative party on behalf of members of a 
        class or be a member of a class, in accordance with the Federal 
        Rules of Civil Procedure, notwithstanding any previous 
        agreement to the contrary.''.
    (b) Construction.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall not 
be construed to imply that a person aggrieved by a violation of such 
Act did not have a right to bring a civil action as a representative 
party on behalf of members of a class or be a member of a class in a 
civil action before the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 550K. EFFECTIVE DATE OF RULE REGARDING PAYDAY LENDING PROTECTIONS.

    (a) In General.--Sections1041.4 through 1041.6, 1041.10, and 
1041.12(b)(1) through (3) in the final rule published on November 17, 
2017 by the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection (82 Fed. Reg. 
54472) related to Mandatory Underwriting Provisions shall go into 
effect on August 19, 2019, with regards to servicemembers, veterans and 
surviving spouses.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``servicemember'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 101 of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) The terms ``veteran'' and ``surviving spouse'' have the 
        meanings given those terms in section 101 of title 38, United 
        States Code.

SEC. 550L. STRENGTHENING CIVILIAN AND MILITARY PARTNERSHIPS TO RESPOND 
              TO DOMESTIC AND SEXUAL VIOLENCE.

    (a) Study.--Not later than one year after the enactment of this 
legislation, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit 
to Congress a report on partnerships between military installations and 
civilian domestic and sexual violence response organizations, 
including--
            (1) a review of memoranda of understanding between such 
        installations and such response organizations;
            (2) descriptions of the services provided pursuant to such 
        partnerships;
            (3) a review of the central plan, if any, of each service 
        regarding such partnerships; and
            (4) recommendations on increasing and improving such 
        partnerships.
    (b) Civilian Domestic and Sexual Violence Response Organization.--
In this section, the term ``civilian domestic and sexual violence 
response organization'' includes a rape crisis center, domestic 
violence shelter, civilian law enforcement, local government group, 
civilian sexual assault nurse examiner, civilian medical service 
provider, veterans service organization, faith-based organization, or 
Federally qualified health center.

SEC. 550M. INFORMATION ON LEGAL SERVICES PROVIDED TO MEMBERS OF THE 
              ARMED FORCES HARMED BY HEALTH OR ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS AT 
              MILITARY HOUSING.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the legal services that the Secretary 
may provide to members of the Armed Forces who have been harmed by a 
health or environmental hazard while living in military housing.
    (b) Availability of Information.--The Secretary of the military 
department concerned shall make the information contained in the report 
submitted under subsection (a) available to members of the Armed Forces 
at all installations of the Department of Defense in the United States.

SEC. 550N. INITIATIVE TO IMPROVE THE CAPACITY OF MILITARY CRIMINAL 
              INVESTIGATIVE ORGANIZATIONS TO PREVENT CHILD SEXUAL 
              EXPLOITATION.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish an 
initiative on improving the capacity of military criminal investigative 
organizations to prevent child sexual exploitation. Under the 
initiative, the Secretary shall work with an external partner to train 
military criminal investigative organization officials at Department of 
Defense installations from all military departments regarding--
            (1) online investigative technology, tools, and techniques;
            (2) computer forensics;
            (3) complex evidentiary issues;
            (4) child victim identification;
            (5) child victim referral for comprehensive investigation 
        and treatment services; and
            (6) related instruction.
    (b) Partnerships and Agreements.--Under the initiative, the 
Secretary shall develop partnerships and establish collaborative 
agreements with the following:
            (1) The Department of Justice, Office of the Attorney 
        General, in better coordinating the investigative jurisdictions 
        and law enforcement authorities of the military criminal 
        investigative organizations, and in improving the justice 
        community's understanding of those law enforcement authorities 
        to enforce Federal criminal statutes.
            (2) Federal criminal investigative organizations 
        responsible for enforcement of Federal criminal statutes 
        related to combatting child sexual exploitation, in order to 
        ensure a streamlined process for transferring criminal 
        investigations into child exploitation to other jurisdictions, 
        while maintaining the integrity of the evidence already 
        collected.
            (3) A highly qualified national child protection 
        organization or law enforcement training center with 
        demonstrated expertise in the delivery of law enforcement 
        training--
                    (A) to detect, identify, investigate, and prosecute 
                individuals engaged in the trading or production of 
                child pornography and the online solicitation of 
                children; and
                    (B) to train military criminal investigative 
                organization officials at Department of Defense 
                installations from all military departments.
            (4) A highly qualified national child protection 
        organization with demonstrated expertise in the development and 
        delivery of multidisciplinary intervention training including 
        evidence-based forensic interviewing, victim advocacy, trauma-
        informed mental health services, medical services, and 
        multidisciplinary coordination between the Department of 
        Defense and civilian experts to improve outcomes for victims of 
        child sexual exploitation.
            (5) Children's Advocacy Centers located in the same 
        communities as military installations that coordinate the 
        multidisciplinary team response and child-friendly approach to 
        identifying, investigating, prosecuting, and intervening in 
        child sexual exploitation cases that can partner with military 
        installations on law enforcement, child protection, 
        prosecution, mental health, medical, and victim advocacy to 
        investigate sexual exploitation, help children heal from sexual 
        exploitation, and hold offenders accountable.
            (6) State and local authorities to address law enforcement 
        capacity in communities where military installations are 
        located, and to prevent lapses in jurisdiction that would 
        undercut the Department's efforts to prevent child sexual 
        exploitation.
            (7) The National Association to Protect Children and the 
        United States Special Operations Command Care Coalition to 
        replicate successful outcomes of the Human Exploitation Rescue 
        Operative (HERO) Child Rescue Corps, as established by section 
        890A of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 473), 
        within military criminal investigative organizations and other 
        Department components to combat child sexual exploitation.
    (c) Locations.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall carry out the 
        initiative--
                    (A) in at least two States where there is a high 
                density of Department network users in comparison to 
                the overall population of the States;
                    (B) in at least two States where there is a high 
                population of Department network users;
                    (C) in at least two States where there is a large 
                percentage of Indian children, including children who 
                are Alaska Native or Native Hawaiian;
                    (D) in at least one State with a population with 
                fewer than 2,000,000 people;
                    (E) in at least one State with a population with 
                fewer than 5,000,000 people, but not fewer than 
                2,000,000 people;
                    (F) in at least one State with a population with 
                fewer than 10,000,000 people, but not fewer than 
                5,000,000; and
                    (G) in at least one State with a population with 
                10,000,000 or more people.
            (2) Geographic distribution.--The Secretary shall ensure 
        that the locations at which the initiative is carried out are 
        distributed across different regions.
    (d) Additional Requirements.--In carrying out the initiative, the 
Secretary shall--
            (1) participate in multi-jurisdictional task forces;
            (2) establish cooperative agreements to facilitate co-
        training and collaboration with Federal, State, and local law 
        enforcement; and
            (3) develop a streamlined process to refer child sexual 
        abuse cases to other jurisdictions.

SEC. 550O. TREATMENT OF INFORMATION IN CATCH A SERIAL OFFENDER PROGRAM 
              FOR CERTAIN PURPOSES.

    (a) Exclusion From FOIA.--Section 552 of title 5, United States 
Code (commonly referred to as the ``Freedom of Information Act''), 
shall not apply to any report for purposes of the Catch a Serial 
Offender Program.
    (b) Preservation of Restricted Report.--The transmittal or receipt 
in connection with the Catch a Serial Offender Program of a report on a 
sexual assault that is treated as a restricted report shall not operate 
to terminate its treatment or status as a restricted report.

SEC. 550P. PRESERVATION OF RECOURSE TO RESTRICTED REPORT ON SEXUAL 
              ASSAULT FOR VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT BEING INVESTIGATED 
              FOLLOWING CERTAIN VICTIM OR THIRD-PARTY COMMUNICATIONS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a policy 
that allows a member of the Armed Forces who is the victim of a sexual 
assault that is or may be investigated as a result of a communication 
described in subsection (b) to elect to have the member's reporting on 
such sexual assault be treated as a Restricted Report without regard to 
the party initiating or receiving such communication.
    (b) Communication.--A communication described in this subsection is 
a communication on a sexual assault as follows:
            (1) By the member concerned to a member of the Armed Forces 
        in the chain of command of such member, whether a commissioned 
        officer or a non-commissioned officer.
            (2) By the member concerned to military law enforcement 
        personnel or personnel of a military criminal investigation 
        organization (MCIO).
            (3) By any individual other than the member concerned.

                      Subtitle F--Member Education

SEC. 551. AUTHORITY FOR DETAIL OF CERTAIN ENLISTED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES AS STUDENTS AT LAW SCHOOLS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 101 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating sections 2004a and 2004b as sections 
        2004b and 2004c, respectively;
            (2) by inserting after section 2004 the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 2004a. Detail as students at law schools: certain enlisted 
              members
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of each military department may, 
under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, detail 
enlisted members of the armed forces as students at accredited law 
schools, located in the United States, for a period of training leading 
to the degree of bachelor of laws or juris doctor. No more than twenty-
five officers from each military department may commence such training 
in any single fiscal year.
    ``(b) Eligibility for Detail.--To be eligible for detail under 
subsection (a), a member must be a citizen of the United States and 
must--
            ``(1) as of the time training is to begin--
                    ``(A) have served on active duty for a period of 
                not less than four years nor more than eight years;
                    ``(B) be in pay grade E-5 or E-6; and
                    ``(C) meet all requirements for acceptance of a 
                commission as a commissioned officer in the armed 
                forces; and
            ``(2) sign an agreement that, unless sooner separated, the 
        member will--
                    ``(A) complete the educational course of legal 
                training;
                    ``(B) upon completion of the educational course of 
                legal training--
                            ``(i) accept a commission as a commissioned 
                        officer in the armed forces; and
                            ``(ii) accept transfer or detail as a judge 
                        advocate or law specialist within the 
                        department concerned; and
                    ``(C) agree to serve on active duty following 
                completion or other termination of the educational 
                course of legal training for a period of two years for 
                each year or part thereof of such training.
    ``(c) Selection.--Members detailed for legal training under 
subsection (a) shall be selected on a competitive basis by the 
Secretary of the military department concerned, under the regulations 
required by subsection (a).
    ``(d) Service and Service Obligations.--(1) Except as provided in 
paragraph (2), any service obligation incurred by a member under an 
agreement entered into under subsection (b) shall be in addition to any 
service obligation incurred by the member under any other provision of 
law or agreement.
    ``(2)(A) A member who does not successfully complete a course of 
legal training to which detailed pursuant to this section shall cease 
such detail and return to the armed force concerned as an enlisted 
member.
    ``(B) Any time of a member described by subparagraph (A) in a 
course of legal training described in that subparagraph shall not count 
toward satisfaction of any period of service required under the current 
contract or agreement of the member for enlistment in the armed forces.
    ``(e) Limitation on Number Detailable.--The aggregate number of 
enlisted members detailed under this section and commissioned officers 
detailed under section 2004 of this title in any fiscal year by a 
Secretary of a military department may not exceed 25.
    ``(f) Other Administrative Matters.--Subsections (d) and (f) of 
section 2004 of this title shall apply to the detail of members under 
this section, except that any reference in such section to an `officer' 
shall be deemed to be a reference to an `enlisted member' for such 
purposes.''.

SEC. 552. EDUCATION OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES ON CAREER READINESS 
              AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) Programs of Education Required.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 101 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 2015 the following 
        new section:
``Sec. 2015a. Education of members on career readiness and professional 
              development
    ``(a) Program of Education Required.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall carry out a program to provide education on career readiness and 
professional development to members of the armed forces.
    ``(b) Elements.--The program under this section shall provide 
members with the following:
            ``(1) Information on the transition plan as described in 
        section 1142(b)(10) of this title.
            ``(2) Information on opportunities available to members 
        during military service for professional development and 
        preparation for a career after military service, including--
                    ``(A) programs of education, certification, 
                training, and employment assistance (including programs 
                under sections 1143(e), 2007, and 2015 of this title); 
                and
                    ``(B) programs and resources available to members 
                in communities in the vicinity of military 
                installations.
            ``(3) Instruction on the use of online and other electronic 
        mechanisms in order to access the education, training, and 
        assistance and resources described in paragraph (2).
            ``(4) Such other information, instruction, and matters as 
        the Secretary shall specify for purposes of this section.
    ``(c) Timing of Provision of Information.--Subject to subsection 
(d), information, instruction, and other matters under the program 
under this section shall be provided to members at the times as 
follows:
            ``(1) Upon arrival at first duty station.
            ``(2) Upon arrival at any subsequent duty station.
            ``(3) Upon deployment.
            ``(4) Upon promotion.
            ``(5) Upon reenlistment.
            ``(6) At any other point in a military career specified by 
        the Secretary for purposes of this section.
    ``(d) Single Provision of Information in a Year With Multiple 
Events.--A member who has received information and instruction under 
the program under this section in connection with an event specified in 
subsection (c) in a year may elect not to undergo additional receipt of 
information and instruction under the program in connection with 
another such event in the year, unless such other event is arrival at a 
new duty station.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 101 of such title is amended by inserting 
        after the item relating to section 2015 the following new item:

``2015a. Education of members on career readiness and professional 
                            development.''.
    (b) Report on Implementation.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on 
        the program of education required by section 2015a of title 10, 
        United States Code (as added by subsection (a)), including the 
        following:
                    (A) A comprehensive description of the actions 
                taken to implement the program of education.
                    (B) A comprehensive description of the program of 
                education.
            (2) Appropriate committees of congress defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
        means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Veterans' Affairs of the House of 
                Representatives.

SEC. 553. DEFENSE LANGUAGE INSTITUTE FOREIGN LANGUAGE CENTER.

    (a) Authority to Award Bachelor's Degrees.--Section 2168 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``Associate'' and 
        inserting ``Associate or Bachelor''; and
            (2) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
    ``(a) Subject to subsection (b), the Commandant of the Defense 
Language Institute may confer--
            ``(1) an Associate of Arts degree in a foreign language 
        upon any graduate of the Foreign Language Center of the 
        Institute who fulfills the requirements for that degree; or
            ``(2) a Bachelor of Arts degree in a foreign language upon 
        any graduate of the Foreign Language Center of the Institute 
        who fulfills the requirements for that degree.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 108 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 2168 and inserting the following new item:

``2168. Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center: degree of 
                            Associate or Bachelor of Arts in foreign 
                            language.''.

SEC. 554. EXPANSION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE STARBASE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 2193b of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``science, 
        mathematics, and technology'' and inserting ``science, 
        technology, engineering, art and design, and mathematics'';
            (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``science, mathematics, 
        and technology'' and inserting ``science, technology, 
        engineering, art and design, and mathematics''; and
            (3) in subsection (b), by striking ``mathematics, science, 
        and technology'' and inserting ``science, technology, 
        engineering, art and design, and mathematics'';
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 111 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 2193b and inserting the following new item:

``2193b. Improvement of education in technical fields: program for 
                            support of elementary and secondary 
                            education in science, technology, 
                            engineering, art and design, and 
                            mathematics.''.

SEC. 555. INCLUSION OF COAST GUARD IN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE STARBASE 
              PROGRAM.

    Section 2193b of title 10, United States Code, is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``and the Secretary of 
        the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating'' after 
        ``military departments''; and
            (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``and the Secretaries of 
        the military departments'' and inserting ``, the Secretaries of 
        the military departments, and the Secretary of the Department 
        in which the Coast Guard is operating''.

SEC. 556. DEGREE GRANTING AUTHORITY FOR UNITED STATES ARMY ARMAMENT 
              GRADUATE SCHOOL.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 751 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 7422. Degree granting authority for United States Army Armament 
              Graduate School
    ``(a) Authority.--Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of 
the Army, the Chancellor of the United States Army Armament Graduate 
School may, upon the recommendation of the faculty and provost of the 
college, confer appropriate degrees upon graduates who meet the degree 
requirements.
    ``(b) Limitation.--A degree may not be conferred under this section 
unless--
            ``(1) the Secretary of Education has recommended approval 
        of the degree in accordance with the Federal Policy Governing 
        Granting of Academic Degrees by Federal Agencies; and
            ``(2) the United States Army Armament Graduate School is 
        accredited by the appropriate civilian academic accrediting 
        agency or organization to award the degree, as determined by 
        the Secretary of Education.
    ``(c) Congressional Notification Requirements.--(1) When seeking to 
establish degree granting authority under this section, the Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives--
            ``(A) a copy of the self-assessment questionnaire required 
        by the Federal Policy Governing Granting of Academic Degrees by 
        Federal Agencies, at the time the assessment is submitted to 
        the Department of Education's National Advisory Committee on 
        Institutional Quality and Integrity; and
            ``(B) the subsequent recommendations and rationale of the 
        Secretary of Education regarding the establishment of the 
        degree granting authority.
    ``(2) Upon any modification or redesignation of existing degree 
granting authority, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
a report containing the rationale for the proposed modification or 
redesignation and any subsequent recommendation of the Secretary of 
Education on the proposed modification or redesignation.
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report 
containing an explanation of any action by the appropriate academic 
accrediting agency or organization not to accredit the United States 
Army Armament Graduate School to award any new or existing degree.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``7422. Degree granting authority for United States Army Armament 
                            Graduate School.''.

SEC. 557. CONGRESSIONAL NOMINATIONS FOR SENIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' 
              TRAINING CORPS SCHOLARSHIPS.

    Section 7442 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(k) Any candidate not nominated under paragraphs (3) through (10) 
of subsection (a) may be considered by the Secretary of the Army in 
order of merit for appointment as a Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
Corps cadet under section 2107 of this title.''.

SEC. 558. CONSIDERATION OF APPLICATION FOR TRANSFER FOR A STUDENT OF A 
              MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMY WHO IS THE VICTIM OF A SEXUAL 
              ASSAULT OR RELATED OFFENSE.

    (a) Military Academy.--Section 7461 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Consideration of Application for Transfer for a Cadet Who Is 
the Victim of a Sexual Assault or Related Offense.--(1) The Secretary 
of the Army shall provide for timely determination and action on an 
application for consideration of a transfer to another military service 
academy submitted by a cadet who was a victim of a sexual assault or 
other offense covered by section 920, 920a, or 920c of this title 
(article 120, 120a, or 120c of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) so 
as to reduce the possibility of retaliation against the cadet for 
reporting the sexual assault or other offense.
    ``(2) The Secretary of the Army shall prescribe regulations to 
carry out this subsection, within guidelines provided by the Secretary 
of Defense that direct the Superintendent of the Military Academy, in 
coordination with the Superintendent of the military service academy to 
which the cadet wishes to transfer--
            ``(A) to approve or deny an application under this 
        subsection not later than 72 hours after the submission of the 
        application; and
            ``(B) to approve such application unless there are 
        exceptional circumstances that require denial of the 
        application.
    ``(3) If the Superintendent of the Military Academy or the 
Superintendent of the military service academy to which the cadet 
wishes to transfer denies an application under this subsection, the 
cadet may request review of the denial by the Secretary concerned, who 
shall grant or deny review not later than 72 hours after submission of 
the request for review.
    ``(4) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that all records of any 
request, determination, or action under this subsection remain 
confidential.
    ``(5) A cadet who transfers under this subsection may retain the 
cadet's appointment to the Military Academy or may be appointed to the 
military service academy to which the cadet transfers without regard to 
the limitations and requirements set forth in sections 7442, 8454, and 
9442 of this title.''.
    (b) Naval Academy.--Section 8480 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Consideration of Application for Transfer for a Midshipman 
Who Is the Victim of a Sexual Assault or Related Offense.--(1) The 
Secretary of the Navy shall provide for timely determination and action 
on an application for consideration of a transfer to another military 
service academy submitted by a midshipman who was a victim of a sexual 
assault or other offense covered by section 920, 920a, or 920c of this 
title (article 120, 120a, or 120c of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice) so as to reduce the possibility of retaliation against the 
midshipman for reporting the sexual assault or other offense.
    ``(2) The Secretary of the Navy shall prescribe regulations to 
carry out this subsection, within guidelines provided by the Secretary 
of Defense that direct the Superintendent of the Naval Academy, in 
coordination with the Superintendent of the military service academy to 
which the midshipman wishes to transfer--
            ``(A) to approve or deny an application under this 
        subsection not later than 72 hours after the submission of the 
        application; and
            ``(B) to approve such application unless there are 
        exceptional circumstances that require denial of the 
        application.
    ``(3) If the Superintendent of the Naval Academy or the 
Superintendent of the military service academy to which the midshipman 
wishes to transfer denies an application under this subsection, the 
midshipman may request review of the denial by the Secretary concerned, 
who shall grant or deny review not later than 72 hours after submission 
of the request for review.
    ``(4) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that all records of any 
request, determination, or action under this subsection remain 
confidential.
    ``(5) A midshipman who transfers under this subsection may retain 
the midshipman's appointment to the Naval Academy or may be appointed 
to the military service academy to which the midshipman transfers 
without regard to the limitations and requirements set forth in 
sections 7442, 8454, and 9442 of this title.''.
    (c) Air Force Academy.--Section 9461 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Consideration of Application for Transfer for a Cadet Who Is 
the Victim of a Sexual Assault or Related Offense.--(1) The Secretary 
of the Air Force shall provide for timely determination and action on 
an application for consideration of a transfer to another military 
service academy submitted by a cadet who was a victim of a sexual 
assault or other offense covered by section 920, 920a, or 920c of this 
title (article 120, 120a, or 120c of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice) so as to reduce the possibility of retaliation against the 
cadet for reporting the sexual assault or other offense.
    ``(2) The Secretary of the Air Force shall prescribe regulations to 
carry out this subsection, within guidelines provided by the Secretary 
of Defense that direct the Superintendent of the Air Force Academy, in 
coordination with the Superintendent of the military service academy to 
which the cadet wishes to transfer--
            ``(A) to approve or deny an application under this 
        subsection not later than 72 hours after the submission of the 
        application; and
            ``(B) to approve such application unless there are 
        exceptional circumstances that require denial of the 
        application.
    ``(3) If the Superintendent of the Air Force Academy or the 
Superintendent of the military service academy to which the cadet 
wishes to transfer denies an application under this subsection, the 
cadet may request review of the denial by the Secretary concerned, who 
shall grant or deny review not later than 72 hours after submission of 
the request for review.
    ``(4) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that all records of any 
request, determination, or action under this subsection remain 
confidential.
    ``(5) A cadet who transfers under this subsection may retain the 
cadet's appointment to the Air Force Academy or may be appointed to the 
military service academy to which the cadet transfers without regard to 
the limitations and requirements set forth in sections 7442, 8454, and 
9442 of this title.''.

SEC. 559. REDESIGNATION OF THE COMMANDANT OF THE UNITED STATES AIR 
              FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AS THE DIRECTOR AND 
              CHANCELLOR OF SUCH INSTITUTE.

    (a) Redesignation.--Section 9414b(a) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Commandant'' 
        and inserting ``Director and Chancellor'';
            (2) by striking ``Commandant'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``Director and Chancellor''; and
            (3) in the heading of paragraph (3), by striking 
        ``Commandant'' and inserting ``Director and Chancellor''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 9414 of such title is amended by 
striking ``Commandant'' both places it appears and inserting ``Director 
and Chancellor''.
    (c) References.--Any reference in any law, regulation, map, 
document, paper, or other record of the United States to the Commandant 
of the United States Air Force Institute of Technology shall be deemed 
to be a reference to the Director and Chancellor of the United States 
Air Force Institute of Technology.

SEC. 560. ELIGIBILITY OF ADDITIONAL ENLISTED MEMBERS FOR ASSOCIATE 
              DEGREE PROGRAMS OF THE COMMUNITY COLLEGE OF THE AIR 
              FORCE.

    Section 9415(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) Enlisted members of the armed forces other than the 
        Air Force who are participating in Community College of the Air 
        Force affiliated joint-service training and education 
        courses.''.

SEC. 560A. SAFE-TO-REPORT POLICY APPLICABLE TO MILITARY SERVICE 
              ACADEMIES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
Secretaries of the military departments, shall prescribe in regulations 
a safe-to-report policy described in subsection (b) that applies with 
respect to cadets and midshipmen at the military service academies.
    (b) Safe-to-Report Policy.--The safe-to-report policy described in 
this subsection is a policy under which a cadet or midshipman at a 
military service academy who is the alleged victim of sexual assault, 
but who may have committed minor collateral misconduct at or about the 
time of such sexual assault, or whose minor collateral misconduct is 
discovered only as a result of the investigation into such sexual 
assault, may report such sexual assault to proper authorities without 
fear or receipt of discipline in connection with such minor collateral 
misconduct.
    (c) Minor Collateral Misconduct.--For purposes of the safe-to-
report policy, minor collateral misconduct shall include any of the 
following:
            (1) Improper use or possession of alcohol.
            (2) Consensual intimate behavior or fraternization with 
        another cadet or midshipman.
            (3) Presence in an off-limits area.
            (4) Such other misconduct as the Secretary of Defense shall 
        specify in the regulations under subsection (a).
    (d) Military Service Academy Defined.--In this section, the term 
``military service academy'' means the following:
            (1) The United States Military Academy.
            (2) The United States Naval Academy.
            (3) The United States Air Force Academy.
            (4) The United States Coast Guard Academy.

SEC. 560B. RECOUPMENT OF FUNDS FROM CADETS AND MIDSHIPMEN SEPARATED FOR 
              CRIMINAL MISCONDUCT.

    Not later than September 30, 2020, each Secretary of a military 
department shall prescribe regulations by which the Superintendent of a 
military service academy under the jurisdiction of the Secretary shall, 
pursuant to section 303a(e) of title 37, United States Code, recoup the 
cost of advanced education received by a cadet or midshipman who is 
separated from that military service academy--
            (1) at any time before the cadet or midshipman graduates 
        from the military service academy; and
            (2) for criminal misconduct by the cadet or midshipman.

SEC. 560C. COMMISSION OF GRADUATES OF THE MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMIES AS 
              OFFICERS.

    (a) Military Academy.--Section 7453(b) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``may'' and inserting ``shall''.
    (b) Naval Academy.--Section 8467 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by striking the heading and inserting ``Midshipmen: 
        degree and commission on graduation'';
            (2) by inserting ``(a)'' before ``Under''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a midshipman who 
completes the prescribed course of instruction shall, upon graduation, 
be appointed an ensign in the Regular Navy or a second lieutenant in 
the Marine Corps under section 531 of this title.''.
    (c) Air Force Academy.--Section 9453(b) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``may'' and inserting ``shall''.

SEC. 560D. SUPPORT OF MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMY FOUNDATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 155 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2616. Support of military service academy foundations
    ``(a) Authority.--Subject to subsection (b), the Secretary 
concerned may provide the following support to a covered foundation:
            ``(1) Participation in fundraising or a membership drive 
        for the covered foundation by any--
                    ``(A) general or flag officer;
                    ``(B) Senior Executive Service employee assigned to 
                the service academy supported by that covered 
                foundation; or
                    ``(C) official designated by the Secretary 
                concerned.
            ``(2) Endorsement by an individual described in paragraph 
        (1) of--
                    ``(A) the covered foundation;
                    ``(B) an event of the covered foundation; or
                    ``(C) an activity of the covered foundation.
    ``(b) Limitations.--Support under subsection (a) may be provided 
only if such support--
            ``(1) is without any liability of the United States to the 
        covered foundation;
            ``(2) does not affect the ability of any official or 
        employee of the Department of Defense or the Department of 
        Homeland Security, or any member of the armed forces, to carry 
        out any responsibility or duty in a fair and objective manner;
            ``(3) does not compromise the integrity or appearance of 
        integrity of any program of the Department of Defense or the 
        Department of Homeland Security, or any individual involved in 
        such a program; and
            ``(4) does not include the participation of any cadet or 
        midshipman.
    ``(c) Briefing.--In any fiscal year during which support is 
provided under subsection (a), the Secretary concerned shall provide a 
briefing not later than the last day of that fiscal year to the 
congressional defense committees regarding the following:
            ``(1) The number of events, activities, or fundraising or 
        membership drives of a covered foundation in which an 
        individual described in subsection (a)(1) participated during 
        such fiscal year.
            ``(2) The amount of funds raised for each covered 
        foundation during each such event, activity, or drive.
            ``(3) Each designated purpose of funds described in 
        paragraph (2).
    ``(d) Covered Foundation Defined.--In this section, the term 
`covered foundation' means a charitable, educational, or civic 
nonprofit organization under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue 
Code of 1986, that the Secretary concerned determines operates 
exclusively to support, with respect to a military service academy, any 
of the following:
            ``(1) Recruiting.
            ``(2) Parent or alumni development.
            ``(3) Academic, leadership, or character development.
            ``(4) Institutional development.
            ``(5) Athletics.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``2616. Support of military service academy foundations.''.

SEC. 560E. REQUIREMENT TO CONTINUE PROVISION OF TUITION ASSISTANCE FOR 
              MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    The Secretary of each military department shall carry out tuition 
assistance programs for members of an Armed Force under the 
jurisdiction of that Secretary during fiscal year 2020 using an amount 
not less than the sum of any amounts appropriated for tuition 
assistance for members of that Armed Force for fiscal year 2020.

SEC. 560F. REVIEW OF INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION PARTICIPATING IN 
              THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TUITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) List of Participating Institutions.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall make 
        available, on a publicly accessible website of the Department 
        of Defense, a list that identifies--
                    (A) each institution of higher education that 
                receives funds under the Department of Defense Tuition 
                Assistance Program; and
                    (B) the amount of such funds received by the 
                institution.
            (2) Annual updates.--The Secretary of Defense shall update 
        the list described in paragraph (1) not less frequently than 
        once annually.
    (b) Audit of Certain Institutions.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall audit the 
        eligibility a proprietary institution of higher education to 
        participate in the Department of Defense Tuition Assistance 
        Program if the institution does not meet the financial 
        responsibility standards under section 498 of the Higher 
        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1099c).
            (2) Publication required.--The results of each audit 
        conducted under paragraph (1) shall be made available on a 
        publicly accessible website of the Department of Defense not 
        later than 30 days after the date on which the audit is 
        complete.

SEC. 560G. INCLUSION OF INFORMATION ON FREE CREDIT MONITORING IN ANNUAL 
              FINANCIAL LITERACY BRIEFING.

    The Secretary of each military department shall ensure that the 
annual financial literacy education briefing provided to servicemembers 
includes information on the availability of free credit monitoring 
services pursuant to section 605A(k) of the Fair Credit Reporting Act 
(15 U.S.C. 1681c-1(k)).

SEC. 560H. SPEECH DISORDERS OF CADETS AND MIDSHIPMEN.

    (a) Testing.--The Superintendent of a military service academy 
shall provide testing for speech disorders to incoming cadets or 
midshipmen under the jurisdiction of that Superintendent.
    (b) No Effect on Admission.--The testing under subsection (a) may 
not have any affect on admission to a military service academy.
    (c) Results.--The Superintendent shall provide each cadet or 
midshipman under the jurisdiction of that Superintendent the result of 
the testing under subsection (a) and a list of warfare unrestricted 
line officer positions and occupation specialists that require 
successful performance on the speech test.
    (d) Therapy.--The Superintendent shall furnish speech therapy to a 
cadet or midshipman under the jurisdiction of that Superintendent at 
the election of the cadet or midshipman.
    (e) Retaking.--A cadet or midshipman whose testing indicate a 
speech disorder or impediment may elect to retake the testing once each 
academic year while enrolled at the military service academy.

               Subtitle G--Member Training and Transition

SEC. 561. PROHIBITION ON GENDER-SEGREGATED TRAINING AT MARINE CORPS 
              RECRUIT DEPOTS.

    (a) Parris Island.--
            (1) Prohibition.--Subject to paragraph (2), training at the 
        Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, South Carolina, may 
        not be segregated based on gender.
            (2) Deadline.--The Commandant of the Marine Corps shall 
        carry out this subsection not later than five years after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) San Diego.--
            (1) Prohibition.--Subject to paragraph (2), training at the 
        Marine Corps Recruit Depot, San Diego, California, may not be 
        segregated based on gender.
            (2) Deadline.--The Commandant of the Marine Corps shall 
        carry out this subsection not later than eight years after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 562. MEDICAL PERSONNEL AT MARINE CORPS RECRUIT DEPOTS.

    Not later than September 30, 2020, the Secretary of the Navy, in 
coordination with the Navy Medical Department, shall--
            (1) assign personnel to the Marine Recruit Training 
        Regiment at each Marine Corps Recruit Depot who--
                    (A) possess sufficient medical training and 
                equipment to evaluate sick recruits; and
                    (B) is capable of determining whether a recruit 
                requires emergent care; and
            (2) ensure such personnel is available after business hours 
        in order to advise personnel regarding the course of action for 
        managing a sick recruit.

SEC. 563. ASSESSMENT OF DEATHS OF RECRUITS UNDER THE JURISDICTION OF 
              THE SECRETARY OF THE NAVY.

    (a) Assessment.--The Inspector General of the Department of Defense 
shall conduct an assessment of the deaths of recruits at facilities 
under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Navy, and the 
effectiveness of the current medical protocols on the training bases.
    (b) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the Inspector 
General shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representative a report containing the results of the 
assessment conducted under subsection (a). The report shall include the 
following:
            (1) The number of recruits who died during basic training 
        in the five years preceding the date of the report.
            (2) The causes of deaths described in paragraph (1).
            (3) The types of medical treatment that was provided to 
        recruits described in paragraph (1).
            (4) Whether any of the deaths identified under paragraph 
        (1) were found to be a result of medical negligence.
            (5) A description of medical capabilities and personnel 
        available to the recruits at each facility.
            (6) A description of medical resources accessible to the 
        recruits at the company level at each facility.
            (7) A description of 24-hour medical resources available to 
        recruits at each facility.
            (8) An evaluation of the guidelines and resources in place 
        to monitor sick recruits.
            (9) An evaluation of how supervisors evaluate and determine 
        whether a sick recruit should continue training or further seek 
        medical assistance.
            (10) An evaluation of how the Secretary of the Navy can 
        increase visibility of the comprehensive medical status of a 
        sick recruit to instructors and supervisors in order to provide 
        better situational awareness of the such medical status.
            (11) An evaluation of how to improve and medical care for 
        recruits.

SEC. 564. INCLUSION OF SPECIFIC EMAIL ADDRESS BLOCK ON CERTIFICATE OF 
              RELEASE OR DISCHARGE FROM ACTIVE DUTY (DD FORM 214).

    (a) Modification Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall modify 
the Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 214) 
to include a specific block explicitly identified as the location in 
which a member of the Armed Forces may provide one or more email 
addresses by which the member may be contacted after discharge or 
release from active duty in the Armed Forces.
    (b) Deadline for Modification.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
release a revised Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty 
(DD Form 214), modified as required by subsection (a), not later than 
one year after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 565. MACHINE READABILITY AND ELECTRONIC TRANSFERABILITY OF 
              CERTIFICATE OF RELEASE OR DISCHARGE FROM ACTIVE DUTY (DD 
              FORM 214).

    (a) Modification Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall modify 
the Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 214) 
to be machine readable and electronically transferable.
    (b) Deadline for Modification.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
release a revised Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty 
(DD Form 214), modified pursuant to subsection (a), not later than four 
years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit a report 
to Congress regarding the following:
            (1) What systems of the Department of Defense require an 
        individual to manually enter information from DD Form 214.
            (2) What activities of the Department of Defense require a 
        veteran or former member of the Armed Forces to provide a 
        physical copy of DD Form 214.
            (3) The order of priority for modernizing items identified 
        under paragraphs (1) and (2) as determined by the Secretary.
            (4) The estimated cost, as determined by the Secretary, to 
        automate items identified under paragraphs (1) and (2).

SEC. 566. RECORDS OF SERVICE FOR RESERVES.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense shall establish and implement a standard record of 
service for members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces, 
similar to DD Form 214, that summarizes the record of service of each 
such member, including dates of active duty service.
    (b) Coordination.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary of 
Defense shall coordinate with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to 
ensure that the record established under this section is acceptable as 
proof of service for former members of the reserve components of the 
Armed Forces who are eligible for benefits under laws administered by 
the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to receive such benefits.

SEC. 567. REQUIREMENT TO PROVIDE INFORMATION REGARDING BENEFITS CLAIMS 
              TO MEMBERS DURING TAP COUNSELING.

    Section 1142(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(19) Information regarding how to file claims for 
        benefits available to the member under laws administered by the 
        Secretaries of Defense and Veterans Affairs.''.

SEC. 568. EXPANSION AND RENAMING OF THE TROOPS-TO-TEACHERS PROGRAM.

    (a) Troops-to-Support-Education Program.--Section 1154 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking: ``employment as 
        teachers: Troops-to-Teachers Program'' and inserting 
        ``employment in schools: Troops-to-Support-Education Program'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (6), by striking ``Troops-to-
                Teachers'' and inserting ``Troops-to-Support-
                Education'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (7) and (8) as 
                paragraphs (9) and (10), respectively;
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following 
                new paragraphs:
            ``(7) Qualifying position.--
                    ``(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the 
                term `qualifying position' means any full-time position 
                in an eligible school, including a position as:
                            ``(i) a teacher, including an elementary 
                        school teacher, a secondary school teacher, or 
                        a career or technical education teacher;
                            ``(ii) a school resource officer;
                            ``(iii) a school leader;
                            ``(iv) specialized instructional support 
                        personnel;
                            ``(v) a paraprofessional; or
                            ``(vi) other staff.
                    ``(B) Such term does not include a position that 
                is--
                            ``(i) performed primarily at a location 
                        outside the grounds of an eligible school; or
                            ``(ii) held by an individual who is 
                        employed by a contractor.
            ``(8) School resource officer.--The term `school resource 
        officer' has the meaning given that term in section 1709(4) of 
        the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 
        U.S.C. 10389(4)).''; and
                    (D) by amending paragraph (10), as so redesignated, 
                to read as follows:
            ``(10) Additional terms.--The terms `elementary school', 
        `local educational agency', `other staff', `paraprofessional', 
        `school leader', `secondary school', `specialized instructional 
        support personnel', and `State' have the meanings given those 
        terms in section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education 
        Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).'';
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``Troops-to-Teachers'' and inserting ``Troops-
                to-Support-Education''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``become a 
                teacher'' and inserting ``obtain a qualifying 
                position'';
                    (C) in paragraph (2)(A)--
                            (i) in clause (i), by striking ``or'' at 
                        the end;
                            (ii) in cluase (ii), by striking ``and'' at 
                        the end and inserting ``or''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following 
                        new clause:
                                    ``(iii) experiencing a shortage of 
                                personnel to fill qualifying positions; 
                                and'';
            (4) in subsection (d)(3)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as 
                subparagraph (E); and
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                following new subparagraph:
            ``(D) If a member of the armed forces is applying for the 
        Program to receive assistance for placement in a qualifying 
        position other than a position as a teacher described in 
        subparagraph (B) or subparagraph (C), the Secretary shall 
        require the member to obtain the professional credentials that 
        are required by the State for the position involved.'';
            (5) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(A)--
                            (i) in clause (i), by striking ``become a 
                        teacher'' and inserting ``obtain a qualifying 
                        position''; and
                            (ii) in clause (ii), by striking ``as an 
                        elementary school teacher'' and all that 
                        follows through the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``in a qualifying position for not 
                        less than three school years in an eligible 
                        school to begin the school year after the 
                        member obtains the professional credentials 
                        required for the position involved'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(E), by striking ``as a teacher 
                in an eligible elementary school or secondary school or 
                as a career or technical teacher'' and inserting ``in a 
                qualifying position''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``educational level, certification, or 
                        licensing'' and inserting ``educational level, 
                        certification, licensing, or other professional 
                        credentials'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B)(i), by striking 
                        ``as an elementary school teacher, secondary 
                        school teacher, or career or technical 
                        teacher'' and inserting ``in a qualifying 
                        position''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (C)--
                                    (I) in clause (i), by striking 
                                ``5,000'' and inserting ``7500''; and
                                    (II) in clause (ii), by striking 
                                ``3,000'' and inserting ``4500'';
            (6) in subsection (f)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by striking ``become a teacher'' and 
                        inserting ``obtain a qualifying position''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``as an elementary school 
                        teacher, secondary school teacher, or career or 
                        technical teacher'' and insert ``in a 
                        qualifying position''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``, employment 
                as an elementary school teacher, secondary school 
                teacher, or career or technical teacher'' and inserting 
                ``employment in a qualifying position'';
            (7) in subsection (h)(2)(A) by striking ``as elementary 
        school teachers, secondary school teachers, and career or 
        technical teachers'' and inserting ``in qualifying positions'';
            (8) in subsection (i), by striking ``$15,000,000'' and 
        inserting ``$20,000,000''; and
            (9) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(j) Public-private Partnership.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may enter into one or more 
        partnerships with nonprofit entities, including veterans 
        service organizations, to assist with the placement of 
        participants in eligible schools in accordance with this 
        section.
            ``(2) Nonprofit entity defined.--In this subsection, the 
        term `nonprofit entity' means an entity qualifying as an exempt 
        organization under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue 
        Code of 1986.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment and References.--
            (1) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 58 of such title is amended by striking 
        the item relating to section 1154 and inserting the following 
        new item:

``1154. Assistance to eligible members and former members to obtain 
                            employment in schools: Troops-to-Support-
                            Education Program.''.
            (2) References.--Any reference in Federal law (other than 
        this Act), regulations, guidance, instructions, or other 
        documents of the Federal Government to the Troops-to-Teachers 
        Program shall be deemed to be a reference to the Troops-to-
        Support-Education Program.

SEC. 569. TRANSITION OUTREACH PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than 90 days after the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the 
Secretaries of Veterans Affairs, Labor, Education, and Homeland 
Security, and the Administrator of the Small Business Administration, 
shall establish a pilot program through the Transition to Veterans 
Program Office that fosters contact between veterans and the Department 
of Defense.
    (b) Contact.--The Secretary of Defense, and with respect to members 
of the Coast Guard, the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast 
Guard is operating when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, 
shall direct the Military Transition Assistance Teams of the Department 
of Defense to contact each veteran from the Armed Forces at least twice 
during each of the first three months after the veteran separates from 
the Armed Forces to--
            (1) inquire about the transition of the separated member to 
        civilian life, including--
                    (A) employment;
                    (B) veterans benefits;
                    (C) education;
                    (D) family life; and
            (2) hear concerns of the veteran regarding transition.
    (c) Termination.--The Secretary shall complete operation of the 
pilot program under this section not later than September 30, 2020.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 90 days after termination of the pilot 
program under this section, the Secretary of Defense shall submit a 
report to Congress regarding such pilot program, including the 
following, disaggregated by armed force:
            (1) The number of veterans contacted, including how many 
        times such veterans were contacted.
            (2) Information regarding the age, sex, and geographic 
        region of contacted veterans.
            (3) Concerns most frequently raised by the veterans.
            (4) What benefits the contacted veterans have received, and 
        an estimate of the cost to the Federal Government for such 
        benefits.
            (5) How many contacted veterans are employed or have sought 
        employment, including what fields of employment.
            (6) How many contacted veterans are enrolled or have sought 
        to enroll in a course of education, including what fields of 
        study.
            (7) Recommendations for legislation to improve the long-
        term effectiveness of TAP and the well-being of veterans.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``armed force'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 101 of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) The term ``TAP'' means the Transition Assistance 
        Program under sections 1142 and 1144 of title 10, United States 
        Code.
            (3) The term ``veteran'' has the meaning given that term in 
        section 101 of title 38, United States Code.

SEC. 570. TRAINING PROGRAM REGARDING DISINFORMATION CAMPAIGNS.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense shall establish a program for training members of 
the Armed Forces and employees of the Department of Defense regarding 
the threat of disinformation campaigns specifically targeted at such 
individuals and the families of such individuals.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than October 30, 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit a report to the congressional defense 
committees regarding the program under subsection (a).

SEC. 570A. ASSESSMENT AND STUDY OF TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) One-Year Independent Assessment of the Effectiveness of TAP.--
            (1) Independent assessment.--Not later than 90 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Veterans Affairs, in consultation with the covered officials, 
        shall enter into an agreement with an appropriate entity with 
        experience in adult education to carry out a 1-year independent 
        assessment of TAP, including--
                    (A) the effectiveness of TAP for members of each 
                military department during the entire military life 
                cycle;
                    (B) the appropriateness of the TAP career readiness 
                standards;
                    (C) a review of information that is provided to the 
                Department of Veterans Affairs under TAP, including 
                mental health data;
                    (D) whether TAP effectively addresses the 
                challenges veterans face entering the civilian 
                workforce and in translating experience and skills from 
                military service to the job market;
                    (E) whether TAP effectively addresses the 
                challenges faced by the families of veterans making the 
                transition to civilian life;
                    (F) appropriate metrics regarding TAP outcomes for 
                members of the Armed Forces one year after separation, 
                retirement, or discharge from the Armed Forces;
                    (G) what the Secretary, in consultation with the 
                covered officials and veterans service organizations 
                determine to be successful outcomes for TAP;
                    (H) whether members of the Armed Forces achieve 
                successful outcomes for TAP, as determined under 
                subparagraph (G);
                    (I) how the Secretary and the covered officials 
                provide feedback to each other regarding such outcomes;
                    (J) recommendations for the Secretaries of the 
                military departments regarding how to improve outcomes 
                for members of the Armed Forces after separation, 
                retirement, and discharge; and
                    (K) other topics the Secretary and the covered 
                officials determine would aid members of the Armed 
                Forces as they transition to civilian life.
            (2) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the completion of 
        the independent assessment under paragraph (1), the Secretary 
        and the covered officials, shall submit to the Committees on 
        Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and House of Representatives 
        and the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
        Representatives--
                    (A) the findings and recommendations (including 
                recommended legislation) of the independent assessment 
                prepared by the entity described in paragraph (1); and
                    (B) responses of the Secretary and the covered 
                officials to the findings and recommendations described 
                in subparagraph (G).
            (3) Definitions.--In this section:
                    (A) The term ``covered officials'' is comprised 
                of--
                            (i) the Secretary of Defense;
                            (ii) the Secretary of Labor;
                            (iii) the Administrator of the Small 
                        Business Administration; and
                            (iv) the Secretaries of the military 
                        departments.
                    (B) The term ``military department'' has the 
                meaning given that term in section 101 of title 10, 
                United States Code.
    (b) Longitudinal Study on Changes to TAP.--
            (1) Study.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, in 
        consultation with the Secretaries of Defense and Labor and the 
        Administrator of the Small Business Administration, shall 
        conduct a five-year longitudinal study regarding TAP on three 
        separate cohorts of members of the Armed Forces who have 
        separated from the Armed Forces, including--
                    (A) a cohort that has attended TAP counseling as 
                implemented on the date of the enactment of this Act;
                    (B) a cohort that attends TAP counseling after the 
                Secretaries of Defense and Labor implement changes 
                recommended in the report under subsection a(2); and
                    (C) a cohort that has not attended TAP counseling.
            (2) Progress reports.--Not later than 90 days after the day 
        that is one year after the date of the initiation of the study 
        under paragraph (1) and annually thereafter for the three 
        subsequent years, the Secretaries of Veterans Affairs, Defense, 
        and Labor, and the Administrator of the Small Business 
        Administration, shall submit to the Committees on Veterans' 
        Affairs of the Senate and House of Representatives and the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
        Representatives a progress report of activities under the study 
        during the immediately preceding year.
            (3) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        completion of the study under paragraph (1), the Secretaries of 
        Veterans Affairs, Defense, and Labor, and the Administrator of 
        the Small Business Administration, shall submit to the 
        Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and House of 
        Representatives and the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and House of Representatives a report of final findings 
        and recommendations based on the study.
            (4) Elements.--The final report under paragraph (3) shall 
        include information regarding the following:
                    (A) The percentage of each cohort that received 
                unemployment benefits during the study.
                    (B) The numbers of months members of each cohort 
                were employed during the study.
                    (C) Annual starting and ending salaries of members 
                of each cohort who were employed during the study.
                    (D) How many members of each cohort enrolled in an 
                institution of higher learning, as that term is defined 
                in section 3452(f) of title 38, United States Code.
                    (E) The academic credit hours, degrees, and 
                certificates obtained by members of each cohort during 
                the study.
                    (F) The annual income of members of each cohort.
                    (G) The total household income of members of each 
                cohort.
                    (H) How many members of each cohort own their 
                principal residences.
                    (I) How many dependents that members of each cohort 
                have.
                    (J) The percentage of each cohort that achieves a 
                successful outcome for TAP, as determined under 
                subsection (1)(G).
                    (K) Other criteria the Secretaries and the 
                Administrator of the Small Business Administration 
                determine appropriate.

SEC. 570B. INFORMATION REGARDING COUNTY VETERANS SERVICE OFFICERS.

    (a) Provision of Information.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that a member of the Armed Forces who is separating or retiring 
from the Armed Forces may elect to have the Department of Defense form 
DD-214 of the member transmitted to the appropriate county veterans 
service officer based on the mailing address provided by the member.
    (b) Database.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs, shall maintain a database of all county 
veterans service officers.
    (c) County Veterans Service Officer Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``county veterans service officer'' means an employee of a county 
government, local government, or Tribal government who is covered by 
section 14.629(a)(2) of title 38, Code of Federal Regulations.

SEC. 570C. PILOT PROGRAM TO IMPROVE INFORMATION SHARING BETWEEN 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND DESIGNATED RELATIVES AND 
              FRIENDS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES REGARDING THE 
              EXPERIENCES AND CHALLENGES OF MILITARY SERVICE.

    (a) Pilot Program Described.--
            (1) Purpose.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
        enter into an agreement with the American Red Cross to carry 
        out a pilot program under which the American Red Cross--
                    (A) encourages a member of the Armed Forces, upon 
                the enlistment or appointment of such member, to 
                designate up to 10 persons to whom information 
                regarding the military service of such member shall be 
                disseminated using contact information obtained under 
                paragraph (5); and
                    (B) provides such persons, within 30 days after the 
                date on which such persons were designated under 
                subparagraph (A), the option to elect to receive such 
                information regarding military service; and
            (2) Types of information.--The types of information to be 
        disseminated under the pilot program to persons who elect to 
        receive information shall include information regarding--
                    (A) aspects of daily life and routine experienced 
                by members of the Armed Forces;
                    (B) the challenges and stresses of military 
                service, particularly during and after deployment as 
                part of a contingency operation;
                    (C) the services available to members of the Armed 
                Forces and the dependents of such members to cope with 
                the experiences and challenges of military service;
                    (D) benefits administered by the Department of 
                Defense for members of the Armed Forces and the 
                dependents of such members;
                    (E) a toll-free telephone number through which such 
                persons who elect to receive information under the 
                pilot program may request information regarding the 
                program; and
                    (F) such other information as the Secretary of 
                Defense determines to be appropriate.
            (3) Privacy of information.--In carrying out the pilot 
        program under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense may not 
        disseminate information under paragraph (2) in violation of 
        laws and regulations pertaining to the privacy of members of 
        the Armed Forces, including requirements pursuant to--
                    (A) section 552a of title 5, United States Code; 
                and
                    (B) the Health Insurance Portability and 
                Accountability Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-191).
            (4) Notice and modifications.--In carrying out the pilot 
        program under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall, 
        with respect to a member of the Armed Forces--
                    (A) ensure that such member is notified of the 
                ability to modify designations made by the member under 
                paragraph (1)(A); and
                    (B) upon the request of a member, authorize the 
                member to modify such designations at any time.
            (5) Contact information.--In making a designation under the 
        pilot program, a member of the Armed Forces shall provide 
        necessary contact information, specifically including an email 
        address, to facilitate the dissemination of information 
        regarding the military service of the member.
            (6) Opt-out of program.--In carrying out the pilot program 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall, with 
        respect to a person who has elected to receive information 
        under such pilot program, cease disseminating such information 
        to that person upon request of such person.
    (b) Survey and Report on Pilot Program.--
            (1) Survey.--Not later than two years after the date on 
        which the pilot program commences, the Secretary of Defense, in 
        consultation with the American Red Cross, shall administer a 
        survey to persons who elected to receive information under the 
        pilot program, for the purpose of receiving feedback regarding 
        the quality of information disseminated under this section, 
        including whether such information appropriately reflects the 
        military career progression of members of the Armed Forces.
            (2) Report.--Not later than three years after the date on 
        which the pilot program commences, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall submit to the congressional defense committees a final 
        report on the pilot program which includes--
                    (A) the results of the survey administered under 
                paragraph (1);
                    (B) a determination as to whether the pilot program 
                should be made permanent; and
                    (C) recommendations as to modifications necessary 
                to improve the program if made permanent.
            (3) Congressional defense committees defined.--The term 
        ``congressional defense committees'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 101 of title 10, United States Code.
    (c) Termination of Pilot Program.--The pilot program shall 
terminate upon submission of the report required by subsection (b)(2).

SEC. 570D. REPORT REGARDING EFFECTIVENESS OF TRANSITION ASSISTANCE 
              PROGRAM FOR FEMALE MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    Section 552(b)(4) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is amended 
by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) The evaluation of the Secretary regarding the 
                effectiveness of the Transition Assistance Program for 
                female members of the Armed Forces.''.

SEC. 570E. NOTICE TO SEPARATING SERVICEMEMBERS OF RIGHTS UNDER THE 
              SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF ACT.

    Section 105 of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 3915) 
is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(a) Initial Notice.--'' before ``The 
        Secretary concerned''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b) Notice After Period of Military Service.--The Secretary 
concerned shall ensure that a notice described in subsection (a) is 
provided in writing to each person not sooner than 150 days after and 
not later than 180 days after the date of the termination of a period 
of military service of that person.''.

SEC. 570F. PILOT PROGRAM REGARDING ONLINE APPLICATION FOR THE 
              TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs, and the Secretary of Labor should jointly carry out a 
pilot program that creates a one-stop source for online applications 
for the purposes of assisting members of the Armed Forces and Veterans 
participating in the Transition Assistance Program (in this section 
referred to as ``TAP'').
    (b) Data Sources.--The online application shall, in part, aggregate 
existing data from government resources and private sector under one 
uniform resource locator for the purpose of assisting members of the 
Armed Forces and veterans participating in TAP.
    (c) Elements for Veterans and Members of the Armed Forces.--
            (1) The online application shall be available as a mobile 
        online application available on multiple devices (including 
        smartphones and tablets), with responsive design, updated no 
        less than once per year, and downloadable from the two online 
        application stores most commonly used in the United States.
            (2) The version of the online application accessible 
        through a desktop or laptop computer shall be compatible with 
        the most current versions of popular web browsers identified by 
        the Secretaries.
            (3) The online application shall by accessible to 
        individuals with disabilities in accordance with section 508 of 
        the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 794d).
            (4) The online application shall generate, for each 
        individual who uses the online application, a personalized 
        transition data dashboard that includes the following 
        information with regards to the location in which the 
        individual resides or intends to reside after separation from 
        the Armed Forces:
                    (A) A current list of employment opportunities 
                collected from employers.
                    (B) A current list of educational institutions.
                    (C) A current list of facilities of the Department 
                of Veterans Affairs.
                    (D) A current list of local veterans service 
                organizations.
            (5) The dashboard under paragraph (4) shall include a list 
        of benefits for which an individual as a veteran or separated 
        member of the Armed Forces is eligible under the laws 
        administered by the Secretaries, including educational 
        assistance benefits.
            (6) The dashboard under paragraph (4) shall keep track of 
        the time remaining before the expiration of the following:
                    (A) Any civilian career certification waiver based 
                on the military occupational specialty of the 
                individual.
                    (B) Any active security clearance of the 
                individual.
            (7) The online application shall, to the extent 
        practicable, match all current military occupational 
        specialties, cross-referenced by grade, to current industries 
        and jobs.
            (8) The online application shall permit an individual to 
        search jobs described in paragraph (4)(A) that match jobs 
        described in paragraph (7).
            (9) The online application shall alert individuals of new 
        job opportunities relevant to the individual, based on military 
        occupational specialty, interest, and search criteria used by 
        the individual under paragraph (8).
            (10) The online application shall permit an individual to 
        maintain a history of job searches and submitted job 
        applications.
            (11) The online application shall include a resume 
        generator that is compliant with industry-standard applicant 
        tracking systems.
            (12) The online application shall provide for career 
        training through the use of learning management software, 
        including training courses with a minimum of 100 soft skills 
        and business courses.
            (13) The online application shall include a career 
        mentorship system, allowing individuals to communicate through 
        text, chat, video calling, and email, with mentors who can use 
        the online application to track the jobs mentees have applied 
        for, the training mentees have undertaken, and any other 
        appropriate mentorship matters.
    (c) Elements for Employers.--
            (1) The online application shall include a mechanism (to be 
        known as a ``military skills translator'') with which employers 
        may identify military occupational specialties that align with 
        jobs offered by the employers.
            (2) The online application shall include a mechanism with 
        which employers may search for individuals seeking employment, 
        based criteria including military occupational specialty, 
        grade, education, civilian career category, and location.
            (3) The online application shall provide online training 
        for employers regarding what military occupational specialties 
        relate to what jobs.
    (d) Additional Requirements.--
            (1) Cybersecurity.--To ensure the information of 
        individuals and employers is protected from breaches, the 
        Secretaries shall implement cybersecurity measures for the 
        online application. These measures shall include the following:
                    (A) A security certificate produced by the online 
                application that is updated each year of the pilot 
                program.
                    (B) The online application shall be hosted by a 
                provider the Secretaries determine to be secure and 
                reputable.
                    (C) Ensuring that the online application has a live 
                development team of dedicated engineers to address 
                immediate concerns. No more than half of such team may 
                be based outside the United States.
                    (D) Regular scans of the online application, host, 
                and server for vulnerabilities.
                    (E) The system must not have had a security breach 
                within the last 3 years.
            (2) System stability.--To ensure system stability and 
        continuity, all elements of the online application must pass 
        testing no less than 1 year before the online application is 
        made available for use by individuals and employers.
            (3) Prior providers barred.--No entity that applies to 
        become the provider of the online application may have served 
        as a contractor providing database management for TAP during 
        the 5 years preceding such online application.
    (e) Assessments.--
            (1) Interim assessments.--Not later than the dates that are 
        one and two years after the date of the commencement of the 
        pilot program, the Secretaries shall jointly assess the pilot 
        program.
            (2) Final assessment.--Not later than the date that is 
        three years after the date of the commencement of the pilot 
        program, the Secretaries shall jointly carry out a final 
        assessment of the pilot program.
            (3) Purpose.--The general objective of each assessment 
        under this subsection shall be to determine if the online 
        application under the pilot program assists participants in TAP 
        accomplish the goals of TAP, accounting for the individual 
        profiles of participants, including military experience and 
        geographic location.
            (4) Elements.--Each assessment shall include the following:
                    (A) The aggregate number of profiles created on the 
                online application since the commencement of the pilot 
                program.
                    (B) Demographic information on individuals who use 
                the online application.
                    (C) The average amount time individuals, employers, 
                and community-based services providers, use the online 
                application each month, since the commencement of the 
                pilot program.
                    (D) A ranking of most frequently-used features of 
                the online application.
                    (E) A satisfaction survey of individuals who use 
                the online application during the periods of 30 days 
                and 180 days after separation from the Armed Forces.
                    (F) A report regarding the attendance of members of 
                the Armed Forces at online and in-person TAP classes.
    (f) Report.--Not later than six months after completing the final 
assessment under subsection (e)(2), the Secretaries shall submit a 
report to Congress on its findings regarding the pilot program, 
including recommendations for legislation.

SEC. 570G. INCLUSION OF QUESTION REGARDING IMMIGRATION STATUS ON 
              PRESEPARATION COUNSELING CHECKLIST (DD FORM 2648).

    Not later than September 30, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall 
modify the preseparation counseling checklist for active component, 
active guard reserve, active reserve, full time support, and reserve 
program administrator service members (DD Form 2648) to include a 
specific block wherein a member of the Armed Forces may indicate that 
the member would like to receive information regarding the immigration 
status of that member and expedited naturalization.

SEC. 570H. COUNSELING TO MEMBERS WHO ARE NOT CITIZENS OF THE UNITED 
              STATES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary concerned shall furnish to covered 
individuals under the jurisdiction of that Secretary counseling 
regarding how to apply for naturalization.
    (b) Covered Individual Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered individual'' means a member of the Armed Forces who is not a 
citizen of the United States.

    Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

SEC. 571. AUTHORIZING MEMBERS TO TAKE LEAVE FOR A BIRTH OR ADOPTION IN 
              MORE THAN ONE INCREMENT.

    Section 701(i) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraph (5).

SEC. 572. DEFERRED DEPLOYMENT FOR MEMBERS WHO GIVE BIRTH.

    Section 701 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(l) A member of the armed forces who gives birth may not be 
deployed during the period of 12 months beginning on the date of such 
birth except--
            ``(1) at the election of such member; and
            ``(2) with the approval of a health care provider employed 
        at a military medical treatment facility.''.

SEC. 573. AUTHORITY OF THE SECRETARY CONCERNED TO TRANSPORT REMAINS OF 
              A COVERED DECEDENT TO NO MORE THAN TWO PLACES SELECTED BY 
              THE PERSON DESIGNATED TO DIRECT DISPOSITION OF THE 
              REMAINS.

    (a) Authority.--Section 1482(a)(8) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended to read as follows:
            ``(8)(A) Transportation of the remains, and travel and 
        transportation allowances as specified in regulations 
        prescribed under section 464 of title 37 for an escort of one 
        person, to the place, subject to subparagraph (B), selected by 
        the person designated to direct disposition of the remains or, 
        if such a selection is not made, to a national or other 
        cemetery which is selected by the Secretary and in which burial 
        of the decedent is authorized.
            ``(B) The person designated to direct disposition of the 
        remains may select two places under subparagraph (A) if the 
        second place is a national cemetery. If that person selects two 
        places, the Secretary concerned may pay for transportation to 
        the second place only by means of reimbursement under to 
        subsection (b).
            ``(C) When transportation of the remains includes 
        transportation by aircraft under section 562 of the John Warner 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public 
        Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 1482 note), the Secretary concerned 
        shall provide, to the maximum extent practicable, for delivery 
        of the remains by air to the commercial, general aviation, or 
        military airport nearest to the place selected by the 
        designee.''.
    (b) Military Escort and Honor Guard Only to First Location.--
Section 562(b) of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 1482 note) is 
amended by adding at the end the following: ``If the person designated 
to direct disposition of the remains selects two places under such 
section, the term means only the first of those two places.''.

SEC. 574. CLARIFICATION REGARDING ELIGIBILITY TO TRANSFER ENTITLEMENT 
              UNDER POST-9/11 EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 3319(j) of title 38, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense may not prescribe any regulation 
that would provide for a limitation on eligibility to transfer unused 
education benefits to family members based on a maximum number of years 
of service in the Armed Forces.''.

SEC. 575. ABSENTEE BALLOT TRACKING PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment and Operation of Program.--Section 102(h) of the 
Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (52 U.S.C. 
20302(h)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(h) Absentee Ballot Tracking Program.--
            ``(1) Requiring establishment and operation of program.--
        The chief State election official, in coordination with local 
        election jurisdictions, shall establish and operate an absentee 
        ballot tracking program described in paragraph (2) for the use 
        of absent uniformed services voters and overseas voters.
            ``(2) Program described.--
                    ``(A) Information on transmission and receipt of 
                absentee ballots.--An absentee ballot tracking program 
                described in this paragraph is a program under which--
                            ``(i) the State or local election official 
                        responsible for the transmission of absentee 
                        ballots in an election for Federal office 
                        operates procedures to track and confirm the 
                        transmission of such ballots and to make 
                        information on the transmission of such a 
                        ballot available by means of online access 
                        using the internet site of the official's 
                        office; and
                            ``(ii) the State or local election official 
                        responsible for the receipt of absentee ballots 
                        in an election for Federal office operates 
                        procedures to track and confirm the receipt of 
                        such ballots and (subject to subparagraph (B)) 
                        to make information on the receipt of such a 
                        ballot available by means of online access 
                        using the internet site of the official's 
                        office.
                    ``(B) Specific information on receipt of voted 
                absentee ballots.--The information required to be made 
                available under clause (ii) of subparagraph (A) with 
                respect to the receipt of a voted absentee ballot in an 
                election for Federal office shall include information 
                regarding whether the vote cast on the ballot was 
                counted, and, in the case of a vote which was not 
                counted, the reasons therefor. The appropriate State or 
                local election official shall make the information 
                described in the previous sentence available during the 
                30-day period that begins on the date on which the 
                results of the election are certified, or during such 
                earlier 30-day period as the official may provide.
            ``(3) Use of toll-free telephone number by officials 
        without internet site.--A program established and operated by a 
        State or local election official whose office does not have an 
        internet site may meet the requirements of paragraph (2) if the 
        official has established and operates a toll-free telephone 
        number that may be used to obtain the information on the 
        transmission or receipt of the absentee ballot which is 
        required under such paragraph.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
apply with respect to elections held during 2020 or any succeeding 
year.

SEC. 576. ANNUAL STATE REPORT CARD.

    Section 1111(h)(1)(C)(ii) of the Elementary and Secondary Education 
Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6311(h)(1)(C)(ii)) is amended by striking ``on 
active duty (as defined in section 101(d)(5) of such title)''.

SEC. 577. TRANSPORTATION OF REMAINS OF CASUALTIES; TRAVEL EXPENSES FOR 
              NEXT OF KIN.

    (a) Transportation for Remains of a Member Who Dies Not in a 
Theater of Combat Operations.--Section 562 of the John Warner National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 
U.S.C. 1482 note) is amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``dying in a theater of 
        combat operations''; and
            (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``in a combat theater of 
        operations'' and inserting ``outside of the United States''.
    (b) Transportation for Family.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
revise Department of Defense Instruction 1300.18 to extend travel 
privileges via Invitational Travel Authorization to family members of 
members of the Armed Forces who die outside of the United States and 
whose remains are returned to the United States through the mortuary 
facility at Dover Air Force Base, Delaware.

SEC. 578. MEETINGS OF OFFICIALS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE WITH 
              SURVIVORS OF DECEASED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Chiefs of the Armed Forces.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
direct the chiefs of the Armed Forces to meet periodically with 
survivors of deceased members of the Armed Forces to receive feedback 
from those survivors regarding issues affecting such survivors. The 
Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall meet with survivors of 
deceased members of the Air National Guard and the Army National Guard.
    (b) Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness.--The 
Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall meet 
periodically with survivors of deceased members of the Armed Forces to 
discuss policies of the Department of Defense regarding military 
casualties and Gold Star families.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than April 1, 2020, the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall brief the Committee on Armed 
Services of the House of Representatives regarding policies established 
and the results of the meetings under subsection (b).

SEC. 579. DIRECT EMPLOYMENT PILOT PROGRAM FOR MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL 
              GUARD AND RESERVE, VETERANS, THEIR SPOUSES AND 
              DEPENDENTS, AND MEMBERS OF GOLD STAR FAMILIES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a pilot 
program to enhance the efforts of the Department of Defense to provide 
job placement assistance and related employment services directly to 
the following:
            (1) Members of the National Guard and Reserves in reserve 
        active status.
            (2) Veterans of the Armed Forces.
            (3) Spouses and other dependents of individuals referred to 
        in paragraphs (1) and (2).
            (4) Members of Gold Star Families.
            (5) Spouses and other dependents of members of the Armed 
        Forces on active duty.
    (b) Administration.--The pilot program shall be offered to, and 
administered by, the adjutants general appointed under section 314 of 
title 32, United States Code, or other officials in the States 
concerned designated by the Secretary for purposes of the pilot 
program.
    (c) Cost-Sharing Requirement.--As a condition on the provision of 
funds under this section to a State to support the operation of the 
pilot program in the State, the State must agree to contribute an 
amount, derived from non-Federal sources, equal to at least 50 percent 
of the funds provided by the Secretary to the State under this section.
    (d) Direct Employment Program Model.--The pilot program should 
follow a job placement program model that focuses on working one-on-one 
with individuals specified in subsection (a) to cost-effectively 
provide job placement services, including services such as identifying 
unemployed and underemployed individuals, job matching services, resume 
editing, interview preparation, and post-employment follow up. 
Development of the pilot program should be informed by existing State 
direct employment programs for members of the reserve components and 
veterans.
    (e) Training.--The pilot program should draw on the resources 
provided to transitioning members of the Armed Forces with civilian 
training opportunities through the SkillBridge trainsition training 
program administered by the Department of Defense.
    (f) Evaluation.--The Secretary shall develop outcome measurements 
to evaluate the success of the pilot program.
    (g) Reporting Requirements.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report describing the results of the pilot 
        program. The Secretary shall prepare the report in coordination 
        with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs and the Chief of the 
        National Guard Bureau.
            (2) Elements of report.--A report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description and assessment of the 
                effectiveness and achievements of the pilot program, 
                including the number of members of the reserve 
                components and veterans of the Armed Forces hired and 
                the cost-per-placement of participating members and 
                veterans.
                    (B) An assessment of the impact of the pilot 
                program and increased reserve component employment 
                levels on the readiness of members of the reserve 
                components and on the retention of members of the Armed 
                Forces.
                    (C) A comparison of the pilot program to other 
                programs conducted by the Department of Defense and 
                Department of Veterans Affairs to provide unemployment 
                and underemployment support to members of the reserve 
                components and veterans of the Armed Forces, including 
                the best practices developed through and used in such 
                programs.
                    (D) An assessment of the pilot program's minority 
                outreach efforts, participation outcomes, and 
                participation rates for individuals specified under 
                subsection (a).
                    (E) Any other matters considered appropriate by the 
                Secretary of Defense.
    (h) Duration of Authority.--The authority to carry out the pilot 
program expires on September 30, 2023, except that the Secretary may, 
at the Secretary's discretion, extend the pilot program for not more 
than two additional fiscal years.

SEC. 580. CONTINUED ASSISTANCE TO SCHOOLS WITH SIGNIFICANT NUMBERS OF 
              MILITARY DEPENDENT STUDENTS.

    (a) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of Military 
Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2020 in Division D of this Act and available for operation 
and maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding 
table in Section 4301 of this Act, $40,000,000 shall be available only 
for the purpose of providing assistance to local educational agencies 
under subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 20 U.S.C. 
7703b).
    (b) Impact Aid for Children With Severe Disabilities.--Of the 
amount authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 in Division D 
of this Act and available for operation and maintenance for Defense-
wide activities as specified in the funding table in Section 4301 of 
this Act, $10,000,000 shall be available for payments under section 363 
of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2001 (Public Law 106-398; 20 U.S.C. 7703a).
    (c) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the term 
``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that term in section 
7013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
U.S.C. 7713(9)).

SEC. 580A. PILOT PROGRAM TO FUND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS THAT SUPPORT 
              MILITARY FAMILIES.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a two-
year pilot program to provide grants to eligible nonprofit 
organizations.
    (b) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301 for Operations and Maintenance, Defense Wide, as specified 
in the corresponding funding table in section 4301, line 460 for the 
Office of the Secretary of Defense is hereby increased by $1,000,000.
    (c) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 101 for Procurement of Wheeled and Tracked Combat Vehicles, 
Army, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4101, 
for Bradley Program (Mod) is hereby reduced by $1,000,000.
    (d) Distribution of Funds.--The Secretary may operate the pilot 
program under this section on not more than eight covered military 
installations in a fiscal year, expending not more than $125,000 per 
such covered military installation.
    (e) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the Secretary disburses 
the last of the funds appropriated for the pilot program, the Secretary 
shall submit to Congress a report regarding--
            (1) the efficacy of the pilot program; and
            (2) any recommendation of the Secretary to expand, extend, 
        or make permanent the pilot program.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``eligible organization'' means an 
        organization that--
                    (A) is a nonprofit organization under section 
                501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986;
                    (B) on the date of the enactment of this Act, is 
                providing food, clothing, or other assistance to 
                families on a covered military installation; and
                    (C) proves, to the satisfaction of the Secretary, 
                that the organization has received funding commitments 
                that match each dollar requested from the Secretary by 
                the organization under the pilot program under this 
                section.
            (2) The term ``covered military installation'' means a 
        military installation--
                    (A) on which not more than 5,000 members of the 
                Armed Forces serve on active duty; and
                    (B) located in a county for which the Secretary 
                determines the cost of living exceeds the national 
                average.

SEC. 580B. EXPANSION OF THE MY CAREER ADVANCEMENT ACCOUNT PROGRAM FOR 
              MILITARY SPOUSES TO NONPORTABLE CAREER FIELDS AND 
              OCCUPATIONS.

    The Secretary of Defense shall modify the My Career Advancement 
Account program of the Department of Defense to ensure that military 
spouses participating in the program may receive financial assistance 
for the pursuit of a license, certification, or Associate's degree in 
any career field or occupation, including both portable and nonportable 
career fields and occupations.

SEC. 580C. EXPANSION OF THE MY CAREER ADVANCEMENT ACCOUNT PROGRAM FOR 
              MILITARY SPOUSES.

    (a) Coast Guard.--The spouse of a member of the Coast Guard may 
participate in the My Career Advancement Account program of the 
Department of Defense.
    (b) All Enlisted Grades.--The spouse of an enlisted member of the 
Armed Forces may participate in the My Career Advancement Account 
program of the Department of Defense.

SEC. 580D. REPORT ON TRAINING AND SUPPORT AVAILABLE TO MILITARY 
              SPOUSES.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
Readiness shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
that includes a description of the following:
            (1) Financial literacy programs currently designed 
        specifically for military spouses.
            (2) Programs designed to educate spouses and service 
        members about the risks of multi-level marketing.
            (3) Efforts to evaluate the effectiveness of financial 
        literacy programs.
            (4) The number of counseling sessions requested by military 
        spouses at Family Support Centers in the previous 5 years.
    (b) Public Availability.--The report submitted under subsection (a) 
shall be made available on a publicly accessible website of the 
Department of Defense.

SEC. 580E. FULL MILITARY HONORS CEREMONY FOR CERTAIN VETERANS.

    Section 1491(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(3) The Secretary concerned shall provide full military honors 
(as determined by the Secretary concerned) for the funeral of a veteran 
who--
            ``(A) is first interred or first inurned in Arlington 
        National Cemetery on or after the date of the enactment of this 
        paragraph;
            ``(B) was awarded the medal of honor or the prisoner-of-war 
        medal; and
            ``(C) is not entitled to full military honors by the grade 
        of that veteran.''.

SEC. 580F. INCREASE IN ASSISTANCE TO CERTAIN LOCAL EDUCATIONAL 
              AGENCIES.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301 for Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide, as specified 
in the corresponding funding table in section 4301, for Department of 
Defense Education Activity, line 410 is hereby increased by $10,000,000 
(with the amount of such increase to be made available for support to 
local educational agencies that serve military communities and 
families).
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 101 for procurement, as specified in the corresponding funding 
table in section 4101, for shipbuilding and conversion, Navy, ship to 
shore connector, line 024 is hereby reduced by $10,000,000.

SEC. 580G. ASSISTANCE FOR DEPLOYMENT-RELATED SUPPORT OF MEMBERS OF THE 
              ARMED FORCES UNDERGOING DEPLOYMENT AND THEIR FAMILIES 
              BEYOND THE YELLOW RIBBON REINTEGRATION PROGRAM.

    Section 582 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2008 (10 U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (k) and (l) as subsections 
        (l) and (m), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (j) the following new 
        subsection (k):
    ``(k) Support Beyond Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
provide funds to States, Territories, and government entities to carry 
out programs, and other activities as the Secretary considers 
appropriate, that provide deployment cycle information, services, and 
referrals to members of the armed forces, and their families, 
throughout the deployment cycle. Such programs may include the 
provision of access to outreach services, including the following:
            ``(1) Employment counseling.
            ``(2) Behavioral health counseling.
            ``(3) Suicide prevention.
            ``(4) Housing advocacy.
            ``(5) Financial counseling.
            ``(6) Referrals for the receipt of other related 
        services.''.

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

SEC. 581. EXPANSION OF GOLD STAR LAPEL BUTTON ELIGIBILITY TO 
              STEPSIBLINGS; FREE REPLACEMENT.

    (a) Eligibility of Stepsiblings.--Subsection (d)(3) of section 1126 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``and half 
sisters'' and inserting ``half sisters, stepbrothers, and 
stepsisters''.
    (b) Free Replacement.--Subsection (c) of such section is amended by 
striking ``and payment of an amount sufficient to cover the cost of 
manufacture and distribution'' and inserting ``at no cost to that 
person''.

SEC. 582. ESTABLISHMENT OF THE ATOMIC VETERANS SERVICE MEDAL.

    (a) Service Medal Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall design 
and produce a military service medal, to be known as the ``Atomic 
Veterans Service Medal'', to honor retired and former members of the 
Armed Forces who are radiation-exposed veterans (as such term is 
defined in section 1112(c)(3) of title 38, United States Code).
    (b) Distribution of Medal.--
            (1) Issuance to retired and former members.--At the request 
        of a radiation-exposed veteran, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        issue the Atomic Veterans Service Medal to the veteran.
            (2) Issuance to next-of-kin.--In the case of a radiation-
        exposed veteran who is deceased, the Secretary may provide for 
        issuance of the Atomic Veterans Service Medal to the next-of-
        kin of the person.
            (3) Application.--The Secretary shall prepare and 
        disseminate as appropriate an application by which radiation-
        exposed veterans and their next-of-kin may apply to receive the 
        Atomic Veterans Service Medal.

SEC. 583. REVIEW OF WORLD WAR I VALOR MEDALS.

    (a) Review Required.--Each Secretary concerned shall review the 
service records of each World War I veteran described in subsection (b) 
under the jurisdiction of such Secretary who is recommended for such 
review by the Valor Medals Review Task Force referred to in subsection 
(c), or another veterans service organization, in order to determine 
whether such veteran should be awarded the Medal of Honor for valor 
during World War I.
    (b) Covered World War I Veterans.--The World War I veterans whose 
service records are to be reviewed under subsection (a) are the 
following:
            (1) Any African American war veteran, Asian American war 
        veteran, Hispanic American war veteran, Jewish American war 
        veteran, or Native American war veteran who was awarded the 
        Distinguished Service Cross or the Navy Cross for an action 
        that occurred between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918.
            (2) Any African American war veteran, Asian American war 
        veteran, Hispanic American war veteran, Jewish American war 
        veteran, or Native American war veteran who was awarded the 
        Croix de Guerre with Palm (that is, awarded at the Army level 
        or above) by the Government of France for an action that 
        occurred between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918.
            (3) Any African American war veteran, Asian American war 
        veteran, Hispanic American war veteran, Jewish American war 
        veteran, or Native American war veteran who was recommended for 
        a Medal of Honor for an action that occurred from April 6, 
        1917, to November 11, 1918, if the Department of Defense 
        possesses or receives records relating to such recommendation.
    (c) Consultations.--In carrying out the review under subsection 
(a), each Secretary concerned may consult with the Valor Medals Review 
Task Force, jointly established by the United States Foundation for the 
Commemoration of the World Wars (in consultation with the United States 
World War One Centennial Commission) and the George S. Robb Centre for 
the Study of the Great War, and with such other veterans service 
organizations as such Secretary determines appropriate, until the 
conclusion of the review.
    (d) Recommendation Based on Review.--If a Secretary concerned 
determines, based upon the review under subsection (a), that the award 
of the Medal of Honor to a covered World War I veteran is warranted, 
such Secretary shall submit to the President a recommendation that the 
President award the Medal of Honor to that veteran.
    (e) Authority to Award Medal of Honor.--The Medal of Honor may be 
awarded to a World War I veteran in accordance with a recommendation of 
a Secretary concerned under subsection (d).
    (f) Waiver of Time Limitations.--An award of the Medal of Honor may 
be made under subsection (e) without regard to--
            (1) section 7274 or 8298 of title 10, United States Code, 
        as applicable; and
            (2) any regulation or other administrative restriction on--
                    (A) the time for awarding the Medal of Honor; or
                    (B) the awarding of the Medal of Honor for service 
                for which a Distinguished Service Cross or Navy Cross 
                has been awarded.
    (g) Definitions.--
            (1) In general.--In this section:
                    (A) African american war veteran.--The term 
                ``African American war veteran'' means any person who 
                served in the United States Armed Forces between April 
                6, 1917, and November 11, 1918, and who identified 
                himself as of African descent on his military personnel 
                records.
                    (B) Asian american war veteran.--The term ``Asian 
                American war veteran'' means any person who served in 
                the United States Armed Forces between April 6, 1917, 
                and November 11, 1918, and who identified himself 
                racially, nationally, or ethnically as originating from 
                a country in Asia on his military personnel records.
                    (C) Hispanic american war veteran.--The term 
                ``Hispanic American war veteran'' means any person who 
                served in the United States Armed Forces between April 
                6, 1917, and November 11, 1918, and who identified 
                himself racially, nationally, or ethnically as 
                originating from a country where Spanish is an official 
                language on his military personnel records.
                    (D) Jewish american war veteran.--The term ``Jewish 
                American war veteran'' mean any person who served in 
                the United States Armed Forces between April 6, 1917, 
                and November 11, 1918, and who identified himself as 
                Jewish on his military personnel records.
                    (E) Native american war veteran.--The term ``Native 
                American war veteran'' means any person who served in 
                the United States Armed Forces between April 6, 1917, 
                and November 11, 1918, and who identified himself as a 
                member of a federally recognized tribe within the 
                modern territory of the United States on his military 
                personnel records.
                    (F) Secretary concerned.--The term ``Secretary 
                concerned'' means--
                            (i) the Secretary of the Army, in the case 
                        of members of the Armed Forces who served in 
                        the Army between April 6, 1917, and November 
                        11, 1918; and
                            (ii) the Secretary of the Navy, in the case 
                        of members of the Armed Forces who served in 
                        the Navy or the Marine Corps between April 6, 
                        1917, and November 11, 1918.
            (2) Application of definitions of origin.--If the military 
        personnel records of a person do not reflect the person's 
        membership in one of the groups identified in subparagraphs (B) 
        through (F) of paragraph (1) but historical evidence exists 
        that demonstrates the person's Jewish faith held at the time of 
        service, or that the person identified himself as of African, 
        Asian, Hispanic, or Native American descent, the person may be 
        treated as being a member of the applicable group by the 
        Secretary concerned (in consultation with the organizations 
        referred to in subsection (c)) for purposes of this section.

SEC. 584. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF THE MEDAL OF HONOR TO ALWYN CASHE 
              FOR ACTS OF VALOR DURING OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM.

    (a) Waiver of Time Limitations.--Notwithstanding the time 
limitations specified in section 7271 of title 10, United States Code, 
or any other time limitation with respect to the awarding of certain 
medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the President may 
award the Medal of Honor under section 7271 of such title to Alwyn C. 
Cashe for the acts of valor during Operation Iraqi Freedom described in 
subsection (b).
    (b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to in 
subsection (a) are the actions of Alwyn Cashe on October 17, 2005, in 
Samarra, Iraq, during Operation Iraqi Freedom, when, as a Sergeant 
First Class in Company A, 1st Battalion, 15th Infantry Regiment, 3rd 
Infantry Division, with no regard to his own safety or wellbeing, he 
repeatedly entered a burning Bradley Fighting Vehicle after it struck 
an improvised explosive device. While receiving small arms fire, he 
made his first evacuation of his Soldiers. On his second evacuation of 
Soldiers, his own fuel-soaked uniform caught on fire, yet he returned 
to the burning Bradley Fighting Vehicle for a third evacuation. Cashe, 
injured the worst of all involved, with second- and third- degree burns 
over 72 percent of his body, still led recovery efforts and refused 
medical evacuation until his men were evacuated to safety and 
treatment. Cashe's actions saved the lives of six of his Soldiers. 
Sergeant First Class Alwyn Cashe succumbed from his wounds on November 
8, 2005 at Brooks Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, 
Texas. He was posthumously awarded the Silver Star for his heroism.

SEC. 585. ELIGIBILITY OF VETERANS OF OPERATION END SWEEP FOR VIETNAM 
              SERVICE MEDAL.

    The Secretary of the military department concerned may, upon the 
application of an individual who is a veteran who participated in 
Operation End Sweep, award that individual the Vietnam Service Medal.

          Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 591. REPEAL OF QUARTERLY REPORT ON END STRENGTHS.

    Section 115(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraph (3).

SEC. 592. REVISION OF WORKPLACE AND GENDER RELATIONS SURVEYS.

    (a) Surveys of Members of the Armed Forces.--Section 481(c) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
        ``unwanted sexual contact,'' after ``assault,'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (5) as 
        paragraphs (4) through (6), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (2), the following new 
        paragraph (3):
            ``(3) The specific types of unwanted sexual contact that 
        have occurred, and the number of times each respondent has been 
        subjected to unwanted sexual contact during the preceding 
        year.'';
            (4) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated, by striking ``and 
        assault'' and inserting ``assault, and unwanted sexual 
        contact'';
            (5) in paragraph (6), as so redesignated, by striking ``or 
        assault'' and inserting ``assault, or unwanted sexual 
        contact''.
    (b) Surveys of Civilian Employees of the Department of Defense.--
Section 481a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``and 
        discrimination'' and inserting ``discrimination, and unwanted 
        sexual contact'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (5) as 
                paragraphs (4) through (6), respectively;
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
                new paragraph (3):
            ``(3) The specific types of unwanted sexual contact that 
        civilian employees of the Department were subjected to by other 
        personnel of the Department (including contractor personnel), 
        and the number of times each respondent has been subjected to 
        unwanted sexual contact during the preceding fiscal year.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``and discrimination'' and inserting 
                ``discrimination, and unwanted sexual contact''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (6), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``or discrimination'' and inserting 
                ``discrimination, or unwanted sexual contact''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) 
shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and shall 
apply with respect to surveys under sections 481 and 481a of title 10, 
United States Code, that are initiated after such date.

SEC. 593. MODIFICATION OF ELEMENTS OF REPORTS ON THE IMPROVED 
              TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 552(b)(4) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (D) as 
        subparagraphs (B) through (E), respectively;
            (2) by inserting before subparagraph (B), as redesignated 
        by paragraph (1), the following new subparagraph (A):
                    ``(A) The total number of members eligible to 
                attend Transition Assistance Program counseling.''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(F) The number of members who participated in 
                programs under section 1143(e) of title 10, United 
                States Code (commonly referred to as `Job Training, 
                Employment Skills, Apprenticeships and Internships 
                (JTEST-AI)' or `Skill Bridge').
                    ``(G) Such other information as is required to 
                provide Congress with a comprehensive description of 
                the participation of the members in the Transition 
                Assistance Program and programs described in 
                subparagraph (F).''.

SEC. 594. QUESTIONS IN WORKPLACE SURVEYS REGARDING SUPREMACIST, 
              EXTREMIST, AND RACIST ACTIVITY.

    The Secretary of Defense shall include, in the workplace and equal 
opportunity, command climate, and workplace and gender relations 
surveys administered by the Office of People Analytics of the 
Department of Defense, questions regarding whether respondents have 
ever--
            (1) experienced or witnessed in the workplace--
                    (A) supremacist activity;
                    (B) extremist activity;
                    (C) racism; or
                    (D) anti-Semitism; and
            (2) reported activity described in paragraph (1).

SEC. 595. COMMAND MATTERS IN CONNECTION WITH TRANSITION ASSISTANCE 
              PROGRAMS.

    (a) Inclusion of Support for Participation in Programs in Command 
Climate Assessments.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, each command climate assessment for the 
commander of a military installation shall include an assessment of the 
extent to which the commander and other command personnel at the 
installation encourage and support the participation in covered 
transition assistance programs of members of the Armed Forces at the 
installation who are eligible for participation in such programs.
    (b) Training on Programs.--The training provided a commander of a 
military installation in connection with the commencement of assignment 
to the installation shall include a module on the covered transition 
assistance programs available for members of the Armed Forces assigned 
to the installation.
    (c) Covered Transition Assistance Programs Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``covered transition assistance programs'' means the 
following:
            (1) The Transition Assistance Program.
            (2) The programs under section 1143(e) of title 10, United 
        States Code (commonly referred to as ``Job Training, Employment 
        Skills, Apprenticeships and Internships (JTEST-AI)'' or ``Skill 
        Bridge'').
            (3) Any program of apprenticeship, on-the-job-training, 
        internship, education, or transition assistance offered 
        (whether by public or private entities) in the vicinity of the 
        military installation concerned in which members of the Armed 
        Forces at the installation are eligible to participate.
            (4) Any other program of apprenticeship, on-the-job 
        training, internship, education, or transition assistance 
        specified by the Secretary of Defense for purposes of this 
        section.

SEC. 596. EXPRESSING SUPPORT FOR THE DESIGNATION OF A ``GOLD STAR 
              FAMILIES REMEMBRANCE DAY''.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) March 2, 2020, marked the 91st anniversary of President 
        Calvin Coolidge signing an Act of Congress that approved and 
        funded the first Gold Star pilgrimage to enable Gold Star 
        families to travel to the gravesites of their loved ones who 
        died during World War I.
            (2) The members of the Armed Forces of the United States 
        bear the burden of protecting the freedom of the people of the 
        United States.
            (3) The sacrifices of the families of the fallen members of 
        the Armed Forces of the United States should never be 
        forgotten.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress to--
            (1) support the designation of a ``Gold Star Families 
        Remembrance Day'';
            (2) honor and recognize the sacrifices made by the families 
        of members of the Armed Forces of the United States who gave 
        their lives to defend freedom and protect America; and
            (3) encourage the people of the United States to observe 
        ``Gold Star Families Remembrance Day'' by--
                    (A) performing acts of service and good will in 
                their communities; and
                    (B) celebrating the lives of those who have made 
                the ultimate sacrifice so that others could continue to 
                enjoy life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

SEC. 597. REPORT ON CERTAIN WAIVERS RECEIVED BY TRANSGENDER 
              INDIVIDUALS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter during the two 
subsequent calendar years, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the 
Senate a report identifying the number of individuals (disaggregated by 
the status of the individuals as exempt individuals or nonexempt 
individuals) to whom the following applied during the reporting period 
for such report:
            (1) Diagnosed with a covered medical condition--
                    (A) prior to accession into the Armed Forces; or
                    (B) as a member of the Armed Forces.
            (2) Presumptively denied accession into the Armed Forces as 
        a result of a covered medical condition.
            (3) Applied for a service waiver as a result of a covered 
        medical condition.
            (4) Received a service waiver for a covered medical 
        condition.
            (5) Denied a service waiver for a covered medical 
        condition.
            (6) Separated from the Armed Forces as a result of a 
        covered medical condition.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Exempt and nonexempt individuals.--The terms ``exempt 
        individuals'' and ``nonexempt individuals'' have the meanings 
        given those terms in attachment 3 of the memorandum--
                    (A) issued by the Office of the Deputy Secretary of 
                Defense;
                    (B) dated March 12, 2019; and
                    (C) with the subject heading ``Directive-type 
                Memorandum (DTM)-19-004-Military Service by Transgender 
                Persons and Persons with Gender Dysphoria''.
            (2) Covered medical condition.--The term ``covered medical 
        condition'' means--
                    (A) gender dysphoria;
                    (B) gender transition treatment; or
                    (C) any other condition related to gender dysphoria 
                or gender transition treatment.
            (3) Reporting period.--The term ``reporting period'' means, 
        with respect to a report submitted under subsection (a), the 
        calendar year most recently completed before the date on which 
        such report is to be submitted.
            (4) Service waiver.--The term ``service waiver'' includes a 
        waiver--
                    (A) for accession into the Armed Forces;
                    (B) to continue service in the Armed Forces; or
                    (C) to otherwise permit service in the Armed 
                Forces.

SEC. 598. STUDY ON BEST PRACTICES FOR PROVIDING FINANCIAL LITERACY 
              EDUCATION FOR VETERANS.

    (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs, and with respect to members of the Coast Guard, in 
coordination with the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast 
Guard is operating when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, 
shall conduct a study on the best practices to provide financial 
literacy education for separating members of the Armed Forces and 
veterans.
    (b) Elements.--The study required by subsection (a) shall include--
            (1) an examination, recommendations, and reporting on best 
        practices for providing financial literacy education to 
        veterans and separating members of the Armed Forces;
            (2) detailed current financial literacy programs for 
        separating members of the Armed Forces, and an examination of 
        linkages between these programs and those for veterans provided 
        by the Department of Veterans Affairs; and
            (3) steps to improve coordination between the Department of 
        Defense and Department of Veterans Affairs for the provision of 
        these services.
    (c) Consultation.--In conducting the study required by subsection 
(a), the Secretaries shall consult with the Financial Literacy and 
Education Commission of the Department of the Treasury.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report on the study under 
subsection (a).
    (e) Definition.-- In this section:
            (1) The term ``financial literacy'' means education of 
        personal finance including the insurance, credit, loan, 
        banking, career training and education benefits available to 
        veterans.
            (2) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means 
        the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
        Representatives, and the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the 
        Senate and House of Representatives.

SEC. 599. HONORARY PROMOTION OF COLONEL CHARLES E. MCGEE TO BRIGADIER 
              GENERAL IN THE AIR FORCE.

    The President is authorized to issue an honorary commission 
promoting, to brigadier general in the Air Force, Colonel Charles E. 
McGee, United States Air Force (retired), a distinguished Tuskegee 
Airman whose honorary promotion has the recommendation of the Secretary 
of the Air Force under section 1563 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 599A. RECOMMENDING THAT THE PRESIDENT GRANT LIEUTENANT COLONEL 
              RICHARD COLE, UNITED STATES AIR FORCE (RET.), AN HONORARY 
              AND POSTHUMOUS PROMOTION TO THE GRADE OF COLONEL.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Richard E. Cole (in this section referred to as 
        ``Cole'') graduated from Steele High School in Dayton, Ohio, 
        and completed two years at Ohio University before enlisting in 
        the Army Air Corps in November, 1940.
            (2) Cole completed pilot training and was commissioned as a 
        Second Lieutenant in July, 1941.
            (3) On April 18, 1942, the United States conducted air 
        raids on Tokyo led by Lieutenant Colonel James ``Jimmy'' 
        Doolittle, which later became known as ``the Doolittle Raid''.
            (4) Cole flew in the Doolittle Raid as Lieutenant Colonel 
        Doolittle's co-pilot in aircraft number 1.
            (5) For their outstanding heroism, valor, skill, and 
        service to the United States, the Doolittle Raiders, including 
        Cole, were awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in 2014.
    (b) Recommendation of Honorary Promotion for Richard E. Cole.--
Pursuant to section 1563 of title 10, United States Code, Congress 
recommends that the President grant Lieutenant Colonel Richard E. Cole, 
United States Air Force (retired), an honorary and posthumous promotion 
to the grade of colonel.
    (c) Additional Benefits Not to Accrue.--The advancement of Richard 
E. Cole on the retired list of the Air Force under subsection (b) shall 
not affect the retired pay or other benefits from the United States to 
which Richard E. Cole would have been entitled based upon his military 
service, or affect any benefits to which any other person may become 
entitled based on such military service.

SEC. 599B. INCLUSION OF CERTAIN VETERANS ON TEMPORARY DISABILITY OR 
              PERMANENT DISABLED RETIREMENT LISTS IN MILITARY ADAPTIVE 
              SPORTS PROGRAMS.

    (a) Inclusion of Certain Veterans.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 
2564a of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``for 
members of the armed forces who'' and all that follows through the 
period at the end and inserting the following: ``for--
                    ``(A) any member of the armed forces who is 
                eligible to participate in adaptive sports because of 
                an injury, illness, or wound incurred in the line of 
                duty in the armed forces; and
                    ``(B) any veteran (as defined in section 101 of 
                title 38), during the one-year period following the 
                veteran's date of separation, who--
                            ``(i) is on the Temporary Disability 
                        Retirement List or Permanently Disabled 
                        Retirement List;
                            ``(ii) is eligible to participate in 
                        adaptive sports because of an injury, illness, 
                        or wound incurred in the line of duty in the 
                        armed forces; and
                            ``(iii) was enrolled in the program 
                        authorized under this section prior to the 
                        veteran's date of separation.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Subsection (b) of such section is 
amended by inserting ``and veterans'' after ``members''.
    (c) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
        amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 2564a. Provision of assistance for adaptive sports programs: 
              members of the armed forces; certain veterans''.
            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 152 of such title is amended by striking 
        the item relating to section 2564a and inserting the following 
        new item:

``2564a. Provision of assistance for adaptive sports programs: members 
                            of the armed forces; certain veterans.''.

SEC. 599C. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE HIGH-ALTITUDE ARMY NATIONAL 
              GUARD AVIATION TRAINING SITE.

    (a) Finding.--Congress finds that the High-Altitude Army National 
Guard Aviation Training Site is the lone school of the Department of 
Defense where rotary-wing aviators in the Armed Forces and the 
militaries of foreign allies learn how to safely fly rotary-wing 
aircraft in mountainous, high-altitude environments.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that military 
aviation training in Colorado, including the training conducted at the 
High-Altitude Army National Guard Aviation Training Site, is critical 
to the national security of the United States and the readiness of the 
Armed Forces.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

SEC. 601. CLARIFICATION OF CONTINUATION OF PAYS DURING HOSPITALIZATION 
              AND REHABILITATION RESULTING FROM WOUNDS, INJURY, OR 
              ILLNESS INCURRED WHILE ON DUTY IN A HOSTILE FIRE AREA OR 
              EXPOSED TO AN EVENT OF HOSTILE FIRE OR OTHER HOSTILE 
              ACTION.

    Section 372(b)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:
            ``(1) The date on which the member is returned for 
        assignment to other than a medical or patient unit for duty; 
        however, in the case of a member under the jurisdiction of a 
        Secretary of a military department, the date on which the 
        member is determined fit for duty.''.

SEC. 602. BASIC NEEDS ALLOWANCE FOR LOW-INCOME REGULAR MEMBERS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 7 of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 402a the following new section:
``Sec. 402b. Basic needs allowance for low-income regular members
    ``(a) Allowance Required.--(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the 
Secretary of Defense shall pay to each covered member a basic needs 
allowance in the amount determined for such member under subsection 
(b).
    ``(2) In the event a household contains two or more covered members 
entitled to receive the allowance under this section in a given year, 
only one allowance may be paid for that year to a covered member among 
such covered members whom such covered members shall jointly elect.
    ``(b) Amount of Allowance for a Covered Member.--(1) The amount of 
the monthly allowance payable to a covered member under subsection (a) 
for a year shall be the aggregate amount equal to--
    ``(A) the aggregate amount equal to--
            ``(i) 130 percent of the Federal poverty guidelines of the 
        Department of Health and Human Services for the location and 
        number of persons in the household of the covered member for 
        such year; minus
            ``(ii) the gross household income of the covered member 
        during the preceding year; and
    ``(B) divided by 12.
    ``(2) The monthly allowance payable to a covered member for a year 
shall be payable for each of the 12 months following March of such 
year.
    ``(c) Notice of Eligibility.--(1)(A) Not later than December 31 
each year, the Director of the Defense Finance and Accounting Service 
shall notify, in writing, each individual whom the Director estimates 
will be a covered member during the following year of the potential 
entitlement of that individual to the allowance described in subsection 
(a) for that following year.
    ``(B) The preliminary notice under subparagraph (A) shall include 
information regarding financial management and assistance programs 
administered by the Secretary of Defense for which a covered member is 
eligible.
    ``(2) Not later than January 31 each year, each individual who 
seeks to receive the allowance for such year (whether or not subject to 
a notice for such year under paragraph (1)) shall submit to the 
Director such information as the Director shall require for purposes of 
this section in order to determine whether or not such individual is a 
covered member for such year.
    ``(3) Not later than February 28 each year, the Director shall 
notify, in writing, each individual the Director determines to be a 
covered member for such year.
    ``(d) Election Not To Receive Allowance.--(1) A covered member 
otherwise entitled to receive the allowance under subsection (a) for a 
year may elect, in writing, not to receive the allowance for such year. 
Any election under this subsection shall be effective only for the year 
for which made. Any election for a year under this subsection is 
irrevocable.
    ``(2) A covered member who does not submit information described in 
subsection (d)(2) for a year as otherwise required by that subsection 
shall be deemed to have elected not to receive the allowance for such 
year.
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `covered member' means a regular member of 
        the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, or Air Force--
                    ``(A) who has completed initial entry training;
                    ``(B) whose gross household income during the most 
                recent year did not exceed an amount equal to 130 
                percent of the Federal poverty guidelines of the 
                Department of Health and Human Services for the 
                location and number of persons in the household of the 
                covered member for such year; and
                    ``(C) who does not elect under subsection (d) not 
                to receive the allowance for such year.
            ``(2) The term `gross household income' of a covered member 
        for a year for purposes of paragraph (1)(B) does not include 
        any basic allowance for housing received by the covered member 
        (and any dependents of the covered member in the household of 
        the covered member) during such year under section 403 of this 
        title.
    ``(f) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations for the administration of this section. Subject to 
subsection (e)(2), such regulations shall specify the income to be 
included in, and excluded from, the gross household income of 
individuals for purposes of this section.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 7 of such title is amended by inserting after the item relating 
to section 402a the following new item:

``402b. Basic needs allowance for low-income regular members.''.

SEC. 603. TEMPORARY INCREASE OF RATES OF BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING 
              FOLLOWING DETERMINATION THAT LOCAL CIVILIAN HOUSING COSTS 
              SIGNIFICANTLY EXCEED SUCH RATES.

    Section 403(b) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(8)(A) The Secretary of Defense may prescribe a temporary 
increase in the current rates of basic allowance for housing for a 
military housing area or a portion thereof (in this paragraph, `BAH 
rates') if the Secretary determines that the actual costs of adequate 
housing for civilians in that military housing area or portion thereof 
exceed the current BAH rates by more than 20 percent.
    ``(B) Any temporary increase in BAH rates under this paragraph 
shall remain in effect only until the effective date of the first 
adjustment of BAH rates for the affected military housing area that 
occurs after the date of the increase under this paragraph.
    ``(C) This paragraph shall cease to be effective on September 30, 
2022.''.

SEC. 604. BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING FOR A MEMBER WITHOUT DEPENDENTS 
              WHEN RELOCATION WOULD FINANCIALLY DISADVANTAGE THE 
              MEMBER.

    Section 403(o) of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``In''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2)(A) In the case of a member described in subparagraph (B), the 
member may be treated for the purposes of this section as if the unit 
to which the member is assigned did not undergo a change of home port 
or a change of permanent duty station if the Secretary concerned 
determines that it would be inequitable to base the member's 
entitlement to, and amount of, a basic allowance for housing on the new 
home port or permanent duty station.
    ``(B) A member described in this subparagraph--
            ``(i) has no dependents;
            ``(ii) is assigned to a unit that undergoes a change of 
        home port or a change of permanent duty station; and
            ``(iii) is in receipt of orders to return to the previous 
        home port or duty station.''.

SEC. 605. PARTIAL DISLOCATION ALLOWANCE.

    (a) Current Authority.--Section 477(f)(1) of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``family''.
    (b) Future Authority.--Section 452(c) of title 37, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraph (3):
            ``(3)(A) A partial dislocation allowance paid to a member 
        ordered to occupy or vacate housing provided by the United 
        States.
            ``(B) Beginning on January 1, 2022, the partial dislocation 
        allowance under subparagraph (A) shall, subject to subparagraph 
        (C), be equal in value to the allowance under section 477(f) of 
        this title on December 31, 2021, as adjusted in regulations 
        prescribed by the Secretary concerned under the authority 
        established by that section.
            ``(C) Effective on the same date in 2022 and any subsequent 
        year that the monthly rates of basic pay for all members are 
        increased under section 1009 of this title or another provision 
        of law, the Secretary of Defense shall adjust the rate of the 
        partial dislocation allowance under this paragraph by the 
        percentage equal to the average percentage increase in the 
        rates of basic pay.''.

SEC. 606. INCREASE IN BASIC PAY.

    Effective on January 1, 2020, the rates of monthly basic pay for 
members of the uniformed services are increased by 3.1 percent.

SEC. 607. ANNUAL ADJUSTMENT OF BASIC PAY.

    The adjustment in the rates of monthly basic pay required by 
subsection (a) of section 1009 of title 37, United States Code, to be 
made on January 1, 2020, shall take effect, notwithstanding any 
determination made by the President under subsection (e) of such 
section with respect to an alternative pay adjustment to be made on 
such date.

SEC. 608. STUDY REGARDING RECOUPMENT OF SEPARATION PAY, SPECIAL 
              SEPARATION BENEFITS, AND VOLUNTARY SEPARATION INCENTIVE 
              PAYMENTS FROM MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND VETERANS 
              WHO RECEIVE DISABILITY COMPENSATION UNDER LAWS 
              ADMINISTERED BY THE SECRETARY OF VETERANS AFFAIRS.

    (a) Study.--The Secretaries of Defense and Veterans Affairs shall 
conduct a joint study to determine, with regards to members of the 
Armed Forces and veterans whose separation pay, special separation 
benefits, and voluntary separation incentive payments either Secretary 
recoups because such members and veterans subsequently receive 
disability compensation under laws administered by the Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs--
            (1) how many such members and veterans are affected by such 
        recoupment; and
            (2) the aggregated amount of additional money such members 
        and veterans would receive but for such recoupment.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the 
Secretaries shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services and 
Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and House of Representatives a report 
regarding the results of the study under subsection (a).

SEC. 609. ANNUAL REPORTS ON APPROVAL OF EMPLOYMENT OR COMPENSATION OF 
              RETIRED GENERAL OR FLAG OFFICERS BY FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS 
              FOR EMOLUMENTS CLAUSE PURPOSES.

    (a) Annual Reports.--Section 908 of title 37, United States Code is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection (c):
    ``(c) Annual Reports on Approvals for Retired General and Flag 
Officers.--(1) Not later than January 31each year, the Secretaries of 
the military departments shall jointly submit to the appropriate 
committees and Members of Congress a report on each approval under 
subsection (b) for employment or compensation described in subsection 
(a) for a retired member of the armed forces in general or flag officer 
grade that was issued during the preceding year. The report shall be 
posted on a publicly available Internet website of the Department of 
Defense no later than 30 days after it has been submitted to Congress.
    ``(2) In this subsection, the appropriate committees and Members of 
Congress are--
            ``(A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations, and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
        Senate;
            ``(B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations, and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
        House of Representatives;
            ``(C) the Majority Leader and the Minority Leader of the 
        Senate; and
            ``(D) the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the 
        Minority Leader of the House of Representatives.''.
    (b) Scope of First Report.--The first report submitted pursuant to 
subsection (c) of section 908 of title 37, United States Code (as 
amended by subsection (a) of this section), after the date of the 
enactment of this Act shall cover the five-year period ending with the 
year before the year in which such report is submitted.

SEC. 610. CONTINUED ENTITLEMENTS WHILE A MEMBER OF THE ARMED FORCES 
              PARTICIPATES IN A CAREER INTERMISSION PROGRAM.

    Section 710(h) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
        semicolon;
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period and inserting 
        a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(3) the entitlement of the member and of the survivors of 
        the member to all death benefits under the provisions of 
        chapter 75 of this title;
            ``(4) the provision of all travel and transportation 
        allowances for the survivors of deceased members to attend 
        burial ceremonies under section 481f of title 37; and
            ``(5) the eligibility of the member for general benefits as 
        provided in part II of title 38.''.

SEC. 610A. REPORT REGARDING TRANSITION FROM OVERSEAS HOUSING ALLOWANCE 
              TO BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING FOR SERVICEMEMBERS IN THE 
              TERRITORIES.

    Not later than February 1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit a report to the congressional defense committees regarding the 
recommendation of the Secretary whether members of the uniformed 
services located in the territories of the United States and who 
receive the overseas housing allowance should instead receive the basic 
allowance for housing to ensure the most appropriate housing 
compensation for such members and their families.

SEC. 610B. EXEMPTION FROM REPAYMENT OF VOLUNTARY SEPARATION PAY.

    Section 1175a(j) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``paragraphs (2) and 
        (3)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (2), (3), and (4)'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(4) This subsection shall not apply to a member who--
            ``(A) is involuntarily recalled to active duty or full-time 
        National Guard duty; and
            ``(B) in the course of such duty, incurs a service-
        connected disability rated as total under section 1155 of title 
        38.''.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN EXPIRING BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
              AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Authorities Relating to Reserve Forces.--Section 910(g) of 
title 37, United States Code, relating to income replacement payments 
for reserve component members experiencing extended and frequent 
mobilization for active duty service, is amended by striking ``December 
31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.
    (b) Title 10 Authorities Relating to Health Care Professionals.--
The following sections of title 10, United States Code, are amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020'':
            (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer 
        candidate accession program.
            (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education 
        loans for certain health professionals who serve in the 
        Selected Reserve.
    (c) Authorities Relating to Nuclear Officers.--Section 333(i) of 
title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 
2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.
    (d) Authorities Relating to Title 37 Consolidated Special Pay, 
Incentive Pay, and Bonus Authorities.--The following sections of title 
37, United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' 
and inserting ``December 31, 2020'':
            (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
        enlisted members.
            (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
        officers.
            (3) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive 
        pay and bonus authorities for officers.
            (4) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive 
        pay authorities for officers in health professions.
            (5) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for 
        cadets and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve Officers' 
        Training Corps.
            (6) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
            (7) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special 
        duty pay.
            (8) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
        proficiency bonus.
            (9) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
        members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to 
        high priority units.
    (e) Authority to Provide Temporary Increase in Rates of Basic 
Allowance for Housing.--Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 37, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2020''.

                Subtitle C--Family and Survivor Benefits

SEC. 621. PAYMENT OF TRANSITIONAL COMPENSATION FOR CERTAIN DEPENDENTS.

    Section 1059(m) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Members or'' 
        after ``Dependents of'';
            (2) by inserting ``member or'' before ``former member'' 
        each place it appears; and
            (3) by amending paragraph (3) to read as follows:
    ``(3) For the purposes of this subsection, a member is considered 
separated from active duty upon the earliest of--
            ``(A) the date an administrative separation is initiated by 
        a commander of the member;
            ``(B) the date the court-martial sentence is adjudged if 
        the sentence, as adjudged, includes a dismissal, dishonorable 
        discharge, bad conduct discharge, or forfeiture of all pay and 
        allowances; or
            ``(C) the date the member's term of service expires.''.

SEC. 622. DEATH GRATUITY FOR ROTC GRADUATES.

    (a) In General.--Section 1475(a)(4) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding ``; or a graduate of a reserve officers' 
training corps who has yet to receive a first duty assignment; or'' at 
the end.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment under subsection (a) applies to 
deaths that occur on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 623. CONTINUED ELIGIBILITY FOR EDUCATION AND TRAINING 
              OPPORTUNITIES FOR SPOUSES OF PROMOTED MEMBERS.

    Section 1784a(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``Assistance''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) A spouse who is eligible for a program under this section and 
begins a course of education or training for a degree, license, or 
credential described in subsection (a) may not become ineligible to 
complete such course of education or training solely because the member 
to whom the spouse is married is promoted to a higher grade.''.

SEC. 624. OCCUPATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS FOR RELOCATED SPOUSES OF MEMBERS OF 
              THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.

    (a) Improvement of Occupational License Portability for Military 
Spouses Through Interstate Compacts.--Section 1784 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(h) Improvement of Occupational License Portability Through 
Interstate Compacts.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may enter into 
        a cooperative agreement with the Council of State Governments 
        to assist with funding of the development of interstate 
        compacts on licensed occupations in order to alleviate the 
        burden associated with relicensing in such an occupation by 
        spouse of a members of the armed forces in connection with a 
        permanent change of duty station of members to another State.
            ``(2) Limitation.--The amount provided under paragraph (1) 
        as assistance for the development of any particular interstate 
        compact may not exceed $1,000,000.
            ``(3) Annual report.--Not later than February 28 each year, 
        the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
        of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on 
        interstate compacts described in paragraph (1) developed 
        through assistance provided under that paragraph. Each report 
        shall set forth the following:
                    ``(A) Any interstate compact developed during the 
                preceding calendar year, including the occupational 
                licenses covered by such compact and the States 
                agreeing to enter into such compact.
                    ``(B) Any interstate compact developed during a 
                prior calendar year into which one or more additional 
                States agreed to enter during the preceding calendar 
                year.
            ``(4) Expiration.--The authority to enter into a 
        cooperative agreement under paragraph (1), and to provide 
        assistance described in that paragraph pursuant to such 
        cooperative agreement, shall expire on September 30, 2024.''.
    (b) Guarantee of Residency for Registration of Businesses of 
Spouses of Members of Uniformed Services.--
            (1) In general.--Title VI of the Servicemembers Civil 
        Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 4021 et seq.) is amended by adding at the 
        end the following new section:

``SEC. 707. GUARANTEE OF RESIDENCY FOR BUSINESSES OF SPOUSES OF 
              SERVICEMEMBERS.

    ``For the purposes of registering a business--
            ``(1) a person who is absent from a State because the 
        person is accompanying the person's spouse who is absent from 
        that same State in compliance with military or naval orders 
        shall not, solely by reason of that absence--
                    ``(A) be deemed to have lost a residence or 
                domicile in that State, without regard to whether or 
                not the person intends to return to that State;
                    ``(B) be deemed to have acquired a residence or 
                domicile in any other State; or
                    ``(C) be deemed to have become a resident in or a 
                resident of any other State; and
            ``(2) the spouse of a servicemember may elect to use the 
        same residence as the servicemember regardless of the date on 
        which the marriage of the spouse and the servicemember 
        occurred.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents in section 
        1(b) of such Act is amended by inserting after the item 
        relating to section 706 the following new item:

``Sec. 707. Guarantee of residency for businesses of spouses of 
                            servicemembers.''.

SEC. 625. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO 
              CIVILIAN PROVIDERS OF CHILD CARE SERVICES OR YOUTH 
              PROGRAM SERVICES WHO PROVIDE SUCH SERVICES TO SURVIVORS 
              OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WHO DIE IN LINE OF DUTY.

    Section 1798(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``, survivors of members of the armed forces who die in line 
of duty while on active duty, active duty for training, or inactive 
duty for training,'' after ``armed forces''.

SEC. 626. SPACE-AVAILABLE TRAVEL ON MILITARY AIRCRAFT FOR CHILDREN AND 
              SURVIVING SPOUSES OF MEMBERS WHO DIE OF HOSTILE ACTION OR 
              TRAINING DUTY.

    Section 2641b(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (6) as paragraph (7); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following new 
        paragraph (6):
            ``(6) Children (as described by section 1072(2)(D) or 
        section 1110b(b) of this title, as the case may be) and 
        surviving spouses of members of the armed forces who die as a 
        result of hostile action or training duty.''.

SEC. 627. CONSIDERATION OF SERVICE ON ACTIVE DUTY TO REDUCE AGE OF 
              ELIGIBILITY FOR RETIRED PAY FOR NON-REGULAR SERVICE.

    Section 12731(f)(2)(B)(i) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``under a provision of law referred to in section 
101(a)(13)(B) or under section 12301(d)'' and inserting ``under section 
12301(d) or 12304b of this title, or under a provision of law referred 
to in section 101(a)(13)(B)''.

SEC. 628. MODIFICATION TO AUTHORITY TO REIMBURSE FOR STATE LICENSURE 
              AND CERTIFICATION COSTS OF A SPOUSE OF A MEMBER ARISING 
              FROM RELOCATION.

    Section 476(p) of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``armed forces'' and 
        inserting ``uniformed services'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$500'' and inserting 
        ``$1,000'';
            (3) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period and 
                inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
            ``(C) an analysis of whether the maximum reimbursement 
        amount under paragraph (2) is sufficient to cover the average 
        costs of relicensing described in paragraph (1).''; and
            (4) in paragraph (4), by striking ``December 31, 2022'' and 
        inserting ``December 31, 2024''.

SEC. 629. IMPROVEMENTS TO CHILD CARE FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Expansion of Authority to Provide Financial Assistance to 
Civilian Providers of Child Care Services or Youth Program Services Who 
Provide Such Services to Survivors of Members of the Armed Forces Who 
Die in the Line of Duty.--Section 1798(a) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting ``, survivors of members of the armed 
forces who die in the line of duty while on active military, naval, or 
air service (as that term is defined in section 101 of title 38),'' 
after ``armed forces''.
    (b) Expansion of Direct Hiring Authority for Child Care Service 
Providers.--Section 559 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 1792 note) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``for department 
        child development centers'';
            (2) in subsection (a)(1), by striking for ``Department of 
        Defense child development centers'' and inserting ``for the 
        Department of Defense''; and
            (3) in subsection (e), by striking ``in child development 
        centers''.
    (c) Assessment of Financial Assistance Provided to Civilian Child 
Care Providers.--
            (1) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall assess the 
        maximum amount of financial assistance provided to eligible 
        civilian providers of child care services or youth program 
        services that furnish such service for members of the armed 
        forces and employees of the United States under section 1798 of 
        title 10, United States Code, as amended by subsection (a). 
        Such assessment shall include the following:
                    (A) The determination of the Secretary whether the 
                maximum allowable financial assistance should be 
                standardized across the Armed Forces.
                    (B) Whether the maximum allowable amount adequately 
                accounts for high-cost duty stations.
            (2) Report.--No later than June 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit a report to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        regarding the results of the assessment under paragraph (1) and 
        any actions taken by the Secretary to remedy identified 
        shortfalls in assistance described in that paragraph.
    (d) Assessment of Child Care Capacity on Military Installations.--
            (1) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall assess the 
        capacity for child care at all military installations to ensure 
        that members of the Armed Forces have meaningful access to 
        child care during tours of duty.
            (2) Remedial action.--The Secretary of Defense shall take 
        steps the Secretary determines necessary to alleviate the 
        waiting lists for child care described in paragraph (1).
            (3) Report.--Not later than June 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall provide a report to the Committees on Armed 
        Forces of the Senate and the House of Representative 
        regarding--
                    (A) the assessment under paragraph (1);
                    (B) action taken under paragraph (2); and
                    (C) any additional resources (including additional 
                funding for and child care facilities and workers) the 
                Secretary determines necessary to increase access 
                described in paragraph (1).
    (e) Assessment of Accessibility of Websites of the Department of 
Defense Related to Child Care and Spousal Employment.--
            (1) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall review the 
        functions and accessibility of websites of the Department of 
        Defense designed for members of the Armed Forces and the 
        families of such members to access information and services 
        offered by the Department regarding child care, spousal 
        employment, and other family matters.
            (2) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall provide a briefing to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        regarding the results of the assessment under paragraph (1) and 
        actions taken to enhance accessibility of the websites.
    (f) Portability of Background Investigations for Child Care 
Providers.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the background 
investigation and training certification for a child care provider 
employed by the Department of Defense in a facility of the Department 
may be transferred to another facility of the Department, without 
regard to which Secretary of a military department has jurisdiction 
over either such facility.

SEC. 630. CASUALTY ASSISTANCE FOR SURVIVORS OF DECEASED ROTC GRADUATES.

    Section 633 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2014 (10 U.S.C. 1475 note) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(c) ROTC Graduates.--
            ``(1) Treated as members.--For purposes of this section, a 
        graduate of a reserve officers' training corps who dies before 
        receiving a first duty assignment shall be treated as a member 
        of the Armed Forces who dies while on active duty.
            ``(2) Effective date.--This subsection applies to deaths on 
        or after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020.''.

SEC. 630A. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT OF REDUCTION OF SURVIVOR BENEFIT PLAN 
              SURVIVOR ANNUITIES BY AMOUNT OF DEPENDENCY AND INDEMNITY 
              COMPENSATION.

    (a) Repeal.--
            (1) Repeal.--Subchapter II of chapter 73 of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended as follows:
                    (A) In section 1450, by striking subsection (c).
                    (B) In section 1451(c)--
                            (i) by striking paragraph (2); and
                            (ii) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and 
                        (4) as paragraphs (2) and (3), respectively.
            (2) Conforming amendments.--Such subchapter is further 
        amended as follows:
                    (A) In section 1450--
                            (i) by striking subsection (e); and
                            (ii) by striking subsection (k).
                    (B) In section 1451(g)(1), by striking subparagraph 
                (C).
                    (C) In section 1452--
                            (i) in subsection (f)(2), by striking 
                        ``does not apply--'' and all that follows and 
                        inserting ``does not apply in the case of a 
                        deduction made through administrative error.''; 
                        and
                            (ii) by striking subsection (g).
                    (D) In section 1455(c), by striking ``, 
                1450(k)(2),''.
    (b) Prohibition on Retroactive Benefits.--No benefits may be paid 
to any person for any period before the effective date provided under 
subsection (f) by reason of the amendments made by subsection (a).
    (c) Prohibition on Recoupment of Certain Amounts Previously 
Refunded to SBP Recipients.--A surviving spouse who is or has been in 
receipt of an annuity under the Survivor Benefit Plan under subchapter 
II of chapter 73 of title 10, United States Code, that is in effect 
before the effective date provided under subsection (f) and that is 
adjusted by reason of the amendments made by subsection (a) and who has 
received a refund of retired pay under section 1450(e) of title 10, 
United States Code, shall not be required to repay such refund to the 
United States.
    (d) Repeal of Authority for Optional Annuity for Dependent 
Children.--Section 1448(d)(2) of such title is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Dependent children.--'' and all that 
        follows through ``In the case of a member described in 
        paragraph (1),'' and inserting ``Dependent children.--In the 
        case of a member described in paragraph (1),''; and
            (2) by striking subparagraph (B).
    (e) Restoration of Eligibility for Previously Eligible Spouses.--
The Secretary of the military department concerned shall restore 
annuity eligibility to any eligible surviving spouse who, in 
consultation with the Secretary, previously elected to transfer payment 
of such annuity to a surviving child or children under the provisions 
of section 1448(d)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, as in effect 
on the day before the effective date provided under subsection (f). 
Such eligibility shall be restored whether or not payment to such child 
or children subsequently was terminated due to loss of dependent status 
or death. For the purposes of this subsection, an eligible spouse 
includes a spouse who was previously eligible for payment of such 
annuity and is not remarried, or remarried after having attained age 
55, or whose second or subsequent marriage has been terminated by 
death, divorce or annulment.
    (f) Effective Date.--This section and the amendments made by this 
section shall take effect on the later of--
            (1) October 1, 2019; and
            (2) the first day of the first month that begins after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act.

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

SEC. 631. GAO REVIEW OF DEFENSE RESALE OPTIMIZATION STUDY.

    (a) Review.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a review of the business case analysis performed as part of the 
defense resale optimization study conducted by the Reform Management 
Group, titled ``Study to Determine the Feasibility of Consolidation of 
the Defense Resale Entities'' and dated December 4, 2018.
    (b) Report Required; Elements.--Not later than April 1, 2020, the 
Comptroller General shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report regarding the 
review performed under this section. The report shall include 
evaluations of the following:
            (1) The descriptions and justifications for the 
        assumptions, analytical choices and data used by the Reform 
        Management Group to calculate:
                    (A) Pricing.
                    (B) Sales assumptions.
                    (C) Accuracy of methods employed to measure patron 
                savings levels.
            (2) The timetable for consolidation of military exchanges 
        and commissaries.
            (3) The recommendations for consolidation developed as part 
        of the business case analysis, including the overall cost of 
        consolidation.
            (4) The budget and oversight implications of merging non-
        appropriated funds and appropriated funds to implement the 
        recommended reforms.
            (5) The extent to which the Reform Management Group 
        coordinated with the Secretaries of the military departments 
        and the chiefs of the Armed Forces in preparing the study.
            (6) The extent to which the Reform Management Group 
        addressed concerns of the Secretaries of the military 
        departments and the chiefs of the Armed Forces in the study.
            (7) If the recommendations in the business case analysis 
        were implemented--
                    (A) the ability of military exchanges and 
                commissaries to provide earnings to support on-base 
                morale, welfare, and recreation programs; and
                    (B) the financial viability of the military 
                exchanges and commissaries.
    (c) Delay on Consolidation.--The Secretary of Defense may not take 
any action to consolidate military exchanges and commissaries until the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives notify the Secretary in writing of receipt and 
acceptance of the findings of the Comptroller General in the report 
required under this section.

SEC. 632. REPORT REGARDING MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY COMMISSARIES AND 
              EXCHANGES.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report regarding management practices of military 
commissaries and exchanges.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under this section shall include 
a cost-benefit analysis with the goals of--
            (1) reducing the costs of operating military commissaries 
        and exchanges by $2,000,000,000 during fiscal years 2020 
        through 2024; and
            (2) not raising costs for patrons of military commissaries 
        and exchanges.

SEC. 633. REDUCTIONS ON ACCOUNT OF EARNINGS FROM WORK PERFORMED WHILE 
              ENTITLED TO AN ANNUITY SUPPLEMENT.

    Section 8421a of title 5, United States Code, is amended in 
subsection (c)--
            (1) by striking ``full-time as an air traffic control 
        instructor'' and inserting ``as an air traffic control 
        instructor, or supervisor thereof,''; and
            (2) by inserting ``or supervisor'' after ``an instructor''.

SEC. 634. EXTENSION OF CERTAIN MORALE, WELFARE, AND RECREATION 
              PRIVILEGES TO FOREIGN SERVICE OFFICERS ON MANDATORY HOME 
              LEAVE.

    (a) In General.--Section 1065 of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by section 621 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), is 
amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``veterans and caregivers 
        for veterans'' and inserting ``veterans, caregivers for 
        veterans, and Foreign Service officers'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
        (g) and (h), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
        subsection (f):
    ``(f) Eligibility of Foreign Service Officers on Mandatory Home 
Leave.--A Foreign Service officer on mandatory home leave may be 
permitted to use military lodging referred to in subsection (h).''; and
            (4) in subsection (h), as redesignated by paragraph (2), by 
        adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(5) The term `Foreign Service officer' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 103 of the Foreign Service Act of 
        1980 (22 U.S.C. 3903).
            ``(6) The term `mandatory home leave' means leave under 
        section 903 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 
        4083).''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on January 1, 2020, as if originally incorporated in section 621 
of Public Law 115-232.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

SEC. 701. CONTRACEPTION COVERAGE PARITY UNDER THE TRICARE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 1074d of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``for Members and 
        Former Members'' after ``Services Available'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (d); and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsections:
    ``(b) Care Related to Prevention of Pregnancy.--Female covered 
beneficiaries shall be entitled to care related to the prevention of 
pregnancy described by subsection (d)(3).
    ``(c) Prohibition on Cost Sharing for Certain Services.--
Notwithstanding section 1074g(a)(6), section 1075, or section 1075a of 
this title, or any other provision of law, cost sharing may not be 
imposed or collected for care related to the prevention of pregnancy 
provided pursuant to subsection (a) or (b), including for any method of 
contraception provided, whether provided through a facility of the 
uniformed services, the TRICARE retail pharmacy program, or the 
national mail-order pharmacy program.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1077(a)(13) of such title is 
amended by striking ``section 1074d(b)'' and inserting ``section 
1074d(d)''.
    (c) Care Related to Prevention of Pregnancy.--Subsection (d)(3) of 
such section 1074d, as redesignated by subsection (a)(2) of this 
section, is further amended by inserting before the period at the end 
the following: ``(including all methods of contraception approved by 
the Food and Drug Administration, contraceptive care (including with 
respect to insertion, removal, and follow up), sterilization 
procedures, and patient education and counseling in connection 
therewith)''.

SEC. 702. PREGNANCY PREVENTION ASSISTANCE AT MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT 
              FACILITIES FOR SEXUAL ASSAULT SURVIVORS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 1074o the following new section:
``Sec. 1074p. Provision of pregnancy prevention assistance at military 
              medical treatment facilities
    ``(a) Information and Assistance.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
promptly furnish to sexual assault survivors at each military medical 
treatment facility the following:
            ``(1) Comprehensive, medically and factually accurate, and 
        unbiased written and oral information about all methods of 
        emergency contraception approved by the Food and Drug 
        Administration.
            ``(2) Notification of the right of the sexual assault 
        survivor to confidentiality with respect to the information and 
        care and services furnished under this section.
            ``(3) Upon request by the sexual assault survivor, 
        emergency contraception or, if applicable, a prescription for 
        emergency contraception.
    ``(b) Information.--The Secretary shall ensure that information 
provided pursuant to subsection (a) is provided in language that--
            ``(1) is clear and concise;
            ``(2) is readily comprehensible; and
            ``(3) meets such conditions (including conditions regarding 
        the provision of information in languages other than English) 
        as the Secretary may prescribe in regulations to carry out this 
        section.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `sexual assault survivor' means any 
        individual who presents at a military medical treatment 
        facility and--
                    ``(A) states to personnel of the facility that the 
                individual experienced a sexual assault;
                    ``(B) is accompanied by another person who states 
                that the individual experienced a sexual assault; or
                    ``(C) whom the personnel of the facility reasonably 
                believes to be a survivor of sexual assault.
            ``(2) The term `sexual assault' means the conduct described 
        in section 1565b(c) of this title that may result in 
        pregnancy.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
1074o the following new item:

``1074p. Provision of pregnancy prevention assistance at military 
                            medical treatment facilities.''.

SEC. 703. MODIFICATION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR TRICARE RESERVE SELECT FOR 
              CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE SELECTED RESERVE.

    Section 1076d(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``Paragraph (1) does not apply'' and inserting ``During the 
period preceding January 1, 2030, paragraph (1) does not apply''.

SEC. 704. LEAD LEVEL SCREENINGS AND TESTINGS FOR CHILDREN.

    (a) TRICARE.--
            (1) Well-baby care.--Section 1077 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(i)(1) Beginning January 1, 2020, in furnishing well-baby care 
under subsection (a)(8), the Secretary shall ensure that the following 
care is made available:
            ``(A) With respect to a child who lives in housing built 
        before 1978 at any time during the first 24 months of the life 
        of the child--
                    ``(i) the first testing of the child for the level 
                of lead in the blood of the child at approximately the 
                age of 12 months; and
                    ``(ii) the second such test at approximately the 
                age of 24 months.
            ``(B) With respect to a child not covered by subparagraph 
        (A) whose parent or guardian, at any time during the first 24 
        months of the life of the child, has a military occupational 
        specialty that the Secretary determines poses an elevated risk 
        of lead exposure--
                    ``(i) the first testing of the child for the level 
                of lead in the blood of the child at approximately the 
                age of 12 months; and
                    ``(ii) the second such test at approximately the 
                age of 24 months.
            ``(C) With respect to a child not covered by subparagraph 
        (A) or (B)--
                    ``(i) the first screening of the child for an 
                elevated risk of lead exposure at approximately the age 
                of 12 months; and
                    ``(ii) the second such screening at approximately 
                the age of 24 months.
            ``(D) With respect to a child covered by subparagraph (C) 
        whose screening indicates an elevated risk of lead exposure, 
        testing of the child for the level of lead in the blood of the 
        child.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall ensure that any care provided to a child 
pursuant to this chapter for lead poisoning, including the care under 
paragraph (1), is carried out in accordance with applicable advice from 
the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
    ``(3)(A) With respect to a child who receives a test under 
paragraph (1), the Secretary shall provide the results of the test to 
the parent or guardian of the child.
    ``(B) With respect to a child who receives a test under paragraph 
(1), the Secretary shall provide the results of the test and the 
address at which the child resides to--
            ``(i) the relevant health department of the State in which 
        the child resides if the child resides in the United States; or
            ``(ii) the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention if 
        the child resides outside the United States.
    ``(C) In providing information regarding a child to a State or the 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention under subparagraph (B), the 
Secretary may not provide any identifying information or health 
information of the child that is not specifically authorized in such 
subparagraph.
    ``(D) In this paragraph, the term `State' means each of the several 
States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and 
any territory or possession of the United States.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Subsection (a)(8) of such 
        section is amended by striking ``including well-baby care that 
        includes one screening of an infant for the level of lead in 
        the blood of the infant'' and inserting ``including, in 
        accordance with subsection (i), well-baby care that includes 
        screenings and testings for lead exposure and lead poisoning''.
            (3) Study.--Not later than January 1, 2021, the Secretary 
        of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
        a report detailing the following:
                    (A) The number of children who were tested for the 
                level of lead in the blood of the child pursuant to 
                subparagraph (A) of subsection (i)(1) of section 1077 
                of title 10, United States Code, as added by paragraph 
                (1), and of such number, the number who were found to 
                have elevated blood lead levels.
                    (B) The number of children who were tested for the 
                level of lead in the blood of the child pursuant to 
                subparagraph (B) of such subsection (i)(1), and of such 
                number, the number who were found to have lead 
                poisoning.
                    (C) The number of children who were screened for an 
                elevated risk of lead exposure pursuant to subparagraph 
                (C) of such subsection (i)(1).
                    (D) The number of children who were tested for the 
                level of lead in the blood of the child pursuant to 
                subparagraph (D) of such subsection, and of such 
                number, the number who were found to have elevated 
                blood lead levels.
                    (E) The treatment provided to children pursuant to 
                chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, for lead 
                poisoning.
            (4) GAO report.--Not later than January 1, 2022, the 
        Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the effectiveness 
        of screening, testing, and treating children for lead exposure 
        and lead poisoning pursuant to chapter 55 of title 10, United 
        States Code.
    (b) Notification of Housing.--Section 403 of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(p) Records Regarding Housing and Lead-Based Paint.--(1) The 
Secretary concerned shall keep a record of whether the following 
housing was built before, during, or after 1978:
            ``(A) Quarters of the United States under the jurisdiction 
        of that Secretary concerned.
            ``(B) A housing facility under the jurisdiction of that 
        Secretary concerned.
            ``(C) Other housing in which a member of the uniformed 
        service of that Secretary concerned resides.
    ``(2) As a condition of receipt of a basic allowance for housing 
under this section, a member of the uniformed services shall notify the 
Secretary concerned whether the housing in which that member resides 
was built before, during, or after 1978.''.

SEC. 705. EXPOSURE TO OPEN BURN PITS AND TOXIC AIRBORNE CHEMICALS OR 
              OTHER AIRBORNE CONTAMINANTS AS PART OF PERIODIC HEALTH 
              ASSESSMENTS AND OTHER PHYSICAL EXAMINATIONS.

    (a) Periodic Health Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that any periodic health assessment provided to members of the 
Armed Forces includes an evaluation of whether the member has been--
            (1) based or stationed at a location where an open burn pit 
        was used; or
            (2) exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or other airborne 
        contaminants, including any information recorded as part of the 
        Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry.
    (b) Separation History and Physical Examinations.--Section 
1145(a)(5) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the 
end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(C) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that each physical 
examination of a member under subparagraph (A) includes an assessment 
of whether the member was--
            ``(i) based or stationed at a location where an open burn 
        pit, as defined in subsection (c) of section 201 of the 
        Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act 
        of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 note), was used; or
            ``(ii) exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or other 
        airborne contaminants, including any information recorded as 
        part of the registry established by the Secretary of Veterans 
        Affairs under such section 201.''.
    (c) Deployment Assessments.--Section 1074f(b)(2) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subparagraph:
            ``(D) An assessment of whether the member was--
                    ``(i) based or stationed at a location where an 
                open burn pit, as defined in subsection (c) of section 
                201 of the Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' 
                Benefits Improvement Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 
                38 U.S.C. 527 note), was used; or
                    ``(ii) exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or other 
                airborne contaminants, including any information 
                recorded as part of the registry established by the 
                Secretary of Veterans Affairs under such section 
                201.''.
    (d) Sharing of Information.--
            (1) DOD-VA.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
        Veterans Affairs shall jointly enter into a memorandum of 
        understanding providing for the sharing by the Department of 
        Defense with the Department of Veterans Affairs of the results 
        of covered evaluations regarding the exposure by a member of 
        the Armed Forces to toxic airborne chemicals or other airborne 
        contaminants.
            (2) Registry.--If a covered evaluation of a member of the 
        Armed Forces establishes that the member was based or stationed 
        at a location where an open burn pit was used or that the 
        member was exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or other 
        airborne contaminants, the member shall be enrolled in the 
        Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry unless the member 
        elects to not so enroll.
    (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be construed 
to preclude eligibility for benefits under the laws administered by the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs by reason of the open burn pit exposure 
history of a veteran not being recorded in a covered evaluation.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit 
        Registry'' means the registry established by the Secretary of 
        Veterans Affairs under section 201 of the Dignified Burial and 
        Other Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act of 2012 (Public Law 
        112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 note).
            (2) The term ``covered evaluation'' means--
                    (A) a periodic health assessment conducted in 
                accordance with subsection (a);
                    (B) a separation history and physical examination 
                conducted under section 1145(a)(5) of title 10, United 
                States Code, as amended by this section; and
                    (C) a deployment assessment conducted under section 
                1074f(b)(2) of such title, as amended by this section.
            (3) The term ``open burn pit'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 201(c) of the Dignified Burial and Other 
        Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 
        38 U.S.C. 527 note).

SEC. 706. ENHANCEMENT OF RECORDKEEPING AND POSTDEPLOYMENT MEDICAL 
              ASSESSMENT REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO OCCUPATIONAL AND 
              ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD EXPOSURE DURING DEPLOYMENT.

    (a) Recording of Occupational and Environmental Health Risks in 
Deployment Area.--
            (1) Elements of medical tracking system.--Subsection 
        (b)(1)(A) of section 1074f of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in clause (ii), by striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (B) in clause (iii), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new clause:
                                            ``(iv) accurately record 
                                        any exposure to occupational 
                                        and environmental health risks 
                                        during the course of their 
                                        deployment.''.
            (2) Recordkeeping.--Subsection (c) of such section is 
        amended by inserting after ``deployment area'' the following: 
        ``(including the results of any assessment performed by the 
        Secretary of occupational and environmental health risks for 
        such area)''.
            (3) Effective date.--The amendments made by this subsection 
        shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Integration of Burn Pit Registry Information Into Electronic 
Health Records.--
            (1) Updates to electronic health records.--Beginning not 
        later than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
        Act--
                    (A) the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
                electronic health record maintained by such Secretary 
                of a member of the Armed Forces registered with the 
                burn pit registry is updated with any information 
                contained in such registry; and
                    (B) the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall ensure 
                that the electronic health record maintained by such 
                Secretary of a veteran registered with the burn pit 
                registry is updated with any information contained in 
                such registry.
            (2) Burn pit registry defined.--In this subsection, the 
        term ``burn pit registry'' means the registry established under 
        section 201 of the Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' 
        Improvements Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 
        note).
    (c) Postdeployment Medical Examination and Reassessments.--
            (1) Additional requirements.--Section 1074f of title 10, 
        United States Code is further amended by adding at the end the 
        following new subsection:
    ``(g) Additional Requirements for Postdeployment Medical 
Examinations and Health Reassessments.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
shall--
            ``(A) standardize and make available to a provider that 
        conducts a postdeployment medical examination or reassessment 
        under the system described in subsection (a) questions relating 
        to occupational and environmental health exposure; and
            ``(B) prior to an examination or reassessment of a member 
        of the armed forces, require such provider to review 
        information applicable to such member--
                    ``(i) in a Periodic Occupational and Environmental 
                Monitoring Summary (or any successor document); and
                    ``(ii) on the Defense Occupational and 
                Environmental Health Readiness System (or any successor 
                system).
    ``(2) The Secretary shall ensure that the medical record of a 
member includes information on the external cause relating to a 
diagnosis of the member, including by associating an external cause 
code (as issued under the International Statistical Classification of 
Diseases, 10th Revision (or any successor revision)).''.
            (2) Effective date.--The amendments made by this subsection 
        shall take effect 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
        this Act.
    (d) Report by Comptroller General of the United States.--Not later 
than two years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees and the Committees on Veterans' 
Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Senate a report 
containing an evaluation of the implementation of this section (and the 
amendments made by this section), including an assessment of the extent 
to which the Secretary of Defense and Secretary of Veterans Affairs are 
in compliance with the applicable requirements of this section (and the 
amendments made by this section).

SEC. 707. MODIFICATIONS TO POST-DEPLOYMENT MENTAL HEALTH ASSESSMENTS 
              FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES DEPLOYED IN SUPPORT OF A 
              CONTINGENCY OPERATION.

    (a) Required Assessments.--Section 1074m(a)(1) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking subparagraphs (C) and (D) and 
inserting the following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(C) Subject to paragraph (3) and subsection (d), 
                once during the period beginning on the date of 
                redeployment from the contingency operation and ending 
                14 days after such redeployment date.
                    ``(D) Subject to subsection (d), not less than once 
                annually--
                            ``(i) beginning 14 days after the date of 
                        redeployment from the contingency operation; or
                            ``(ii) if the assessment required by 
                        subparagraph (C) is performed during the period 
                        specified in paragraph (3), beginning 180 days 
                        after the date of redeployment from the 
                        contingency operation.''.
    (b) Exceptions.--Section 1074m(a) of such title, as amended by 
subsection (a), is further amended by striking paragraph (2) and 
inserting the following new paragraphs:
    ``(2) A mental health assessment is not required for a member of 
the armed forces under subparagraphs (C) and (D) of paragraph (1) 
(including an assessment performed pursuant to paragraph (3)) if the 
Secretary determines that providing such assessment to the member 
during the time periods under such subparagraphs would remove the 
member from forward deployment or put members or operational objectives 
at risk.
    ``(3) A mental health assessment required under subparagraph (C) of 
paragraph (1) may be provided during the period beginning 90 days after 
the date of redeployment from the contingency operation and ending 180 
days after such redeployment date if the Secretary determines that--
            ``(A) an insufficient number of personnel are available to 
        perform the assessment during the time period under such 
        subparagraph; or
            ``(B) an administrative processing issue exists upon the 
        return of the member to the home unit or duty station that 
        would prohibit the effective performance of the assessment 
        during such time period.''.
    (c) Elimination of Sunset for Assessments During Deployment.--
Section 1074m(a)(1)(B) of such title is amended by striking ``Until 
January 1, 2019, once'' and inserting ``Once''.
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) 
shall apply with respect to a date of redeployment that is on or after 
January 1, 2020.

SEC. 708. PROVISION OF BLOOD TESTING FOR FIREFIGHTERS OF DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE TO DETERMINE EXPOSURE TO PERFLUOROALKYL AND 
              POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.

    The Secretary of Defense shall include, as part of the annual 
physical examination provided by the Secretary to each firefighter of 
the Department of Defense, blood testing to determine and document the 
potential exposure of such firefighters to perfluoroalkyl and 
polyfluoroalkyl substances (commonly known as ``PFAS'').

SEC. 709. INCLUSION OF INFERTILITY TREATMENTS FOR MEMBERS OF THE 
              UNIFORMED SERVICES.

    (a) Inclusion.--The Secretary of Defense may provide to members of 
uniformed services under section 1074(a) of title 10, United States 
Code, and spouses of such members, treatment for infertility, including 
nonexperimental assisted reproductive services, including, at a 
minimum, the following:
            (1) Services, medications, and supplies for non-coital 
        reproductive technologies.
            (2) Counseling on such services.
            (3) Reversal of tubal ligation or vasectomy in conjunction 
        with services furnished under this section.
            (4) Cryopreservation, including associated services, 
        supplies, and storage.
    (b) Prohibition on Cost Sharing.--The Secretary may not require any 
fees or other cost-sharing requirements under subsection (a).
    (c) Infertility Defined.--In this section, the term ``infertility'' 
means a disease, characterized by the failure to establish a clinical 
pregnancy--
            (1) after 12 months of regular, unprotected sexual 
        intercourse; or
            (2) due to a person's incapacity for reproduction either as 
        an individual or with his or her partner, which may be 
        determined after a period of less than 12 months of regular, 
        unprotected sexual intercourse, or based on medical, sexual and 
        reproductive history, age, physical findings, or diagnostic 
        testing.

SEC. 710. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR TRICARE LEAD SCREENING 
              AND TESTING FOR CHILDREN.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 1405 for the Defense Health Program, as specified in the 
corresponding funding table in section 4501, for Undistributed, TRICARE 
lead level screening and testing for children, is hereby increased by 
$5,000,000.
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 101 for Procurement of Wheeled and Tracked Combat Vehicles, 
Army, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4101, 
for Bradley Program (Mod) is hereby reduced by $5,000,000.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

SEC. 711. REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABELS.

    (a) Requirement.--Section 1074g of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (h) and (i) as subsections 
        (i) and (j), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (g) the following new 
        subsection (h):
    ``(h) Labeling.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that drugs 
made available through the facilities of the armed forces under the 
jurisdiction of the Secretary include labels that--
            ``(1) are printed and physically located on or within the 
        package from which the drug is to be dispensed; and
            ``(2) provide adequate directions for the purposes for 
        which the drug is intended.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Subsection (b)(1) of such section is 
amended by striking ``under subsection (h)'' and inserting ``under 
subsection (j)''.
    (c) Implementation.--Beginning not later than 90 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
implement subsection (h) of section 1074g of title 10, United States 
Code, as added by subsection (a).

SEC. 712. OFFICERS AUTHORIZED TO COMMAND ARMY DENTAL UNITS.

    Section 7081(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``Dental Corps Officer'' and inserting ``commissioned officer 
of the Army Medical Department''.

SEC. 713. IMPROVEMENTS TO INTERAGENCY PROGRAM OFFICE OF THE DEPARTMENT 
              OF DEFENSE AND THE DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS.

    (a) Leadership.--Subsection (c) of section 1635 of the Wounded 
Warrior Act (title XVI of Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Leadership.--
            ``(1) Director.--The Director of the Office shall be the 
        head of the Office.
            ``(2) Deputy director.--The Deputy Director of the Office 
        shall be the deputy head of the Office and shall assist the 
        Director in carrying out the duties of the Director.
            ``(3) Reporting.--The Director shall report to the 
        Department of Veterans Affairs-Department of Defense Joint 
        Executive Committee established by section 320 of title 38, 
        United States Code.
            ``(4) Appointments.--
                    ``(A) Director.--The Director shall be jointly 
                appointed by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs and the 
                Secretary of Defense for a five-year term. The Director 
                may be reappointed for one or more additional terms.
                    ``(B) Deputy director.--The Deputy Director shall 
                be jointly appointed by the Secretary of Veterans 
                Affairs and the Secretary of Defense for a five-year 
                term. The Deputy Director may be reappointed for one or 
                more additional terms.
                    ``(C) Advice.--The Department of Veterans Affairs-
                Department of Defense Joint Executive Committee shall 
                provide the Secretary of Veterans Affairs and the 
                Secretary of Defense with advice regarding potential 
                individuals to be appointed Director and Deputy 
                Director under subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively.
                    ``(D) Minimum qualifications.--The Department of 
                Veterans Affairs-Department of Defense Joint Executive 
                Committee shall develop qualification requirements for 
                the office of the Director and the Deputy Director. 
                Such requirements shall ensure that, at a minimum, the 
                Director and Deputy Director, individually or together, 
                meet the following qualifications:
                            ``(i) Significant experience as a 
                        clinician, at the level of chief medical 
                        officer or equivalent.
                            ``(ii) Significant experience in health 
                        informatics, at the level of chief health 
                        informatics officer or equivalent.
                            ``(iii) Significant experience leading 
                        implementation of enterprise-wide technology in 
                        a health care setting in the public or private 
                        sector.
            ``(5) Additional guidance.--In addition to providing 
        direction, supervision, and control of the Office pursuant to 
        paragraph (3), the Department of Veterans Affairs-Department of 
        Defense Joint Executive Committee shall--
                    ``(A) provide guidance in the discharge of the 
                functions of the Office under this section; and
                    ``(B) facilitate the establishment of a charter and 
                mission statement for the Office.
            ``(6) Information to congress.--Upon request by any of the 
        appropriate committees of Congress, the Director and the Deputy 
        Director shall testify before such committee, or provide a 
        briefing or otherwise provide requested information to such 
        committee, regarding the discharge of the functions of the 
        Office under this section.''.
     (b) Authority.--Paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of such section is 
amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``The Office 
shall carry out decision making authority delegated to the office by 
the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs with 
respect to the definition, coordination, and management of functional, 
technical, and programmatic activities that are jointly used, carried 
out, and shared by the Departments.''.
    (c) Purposes.--Paragraph (2) of subsection (b) of such section is 
by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(C) To develop and implement a comprehensive 
                interoperability strategy, including pursuant to the 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 
                or other provision of law requiring such strategy.
                    ``(D) To pursue the highest level of 
                interoperability (as defined in section 713 of the 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
                2020) for the delivery of health care by the Department 
                of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs.
                    ``(E) To accelerate the exchange of health care 
                information between the Departments in order to support 
                the delivery of health care by both Departments.
                    ``(F) To collect the operational and strategic 
                requirements of the Departments relating to the 
                strategy under subsection (a) and communicate such 
                requirements and activities to the Office of the 
                National Coordinator for Health Information Technology 
                of the Department of Health and Human Services for the 
                purpose of implementing title IV of the 21st Century 
                Cures Act (division A of Public Law 114-255), and the 
                amendments made by that title, and other objectives of 
                the Office of the National Coordinator for Health 
                Information Technology.
                    ``(G) To plan for and effectuate the broadest 
                possible implementation of standards, specifically with 
                respect to the Fast Healthcare Interoperability 
                Resources standard or successor standard, the evolution 
                of such standards, and the obsolescence of such 
                standards.
                    ``(H) To actively engage with national and 
                international health standards setting organizations, 
                including by taking membership in such organizations, 
                to ensure that standards established by such 
                organizations meet the needs of the Department of 
                Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs pursuant 
                to the strategy under subsection (a), and oversee and 
                approve adoption of and mapping to such standards by 
                the Departments.
                    ``(I) To express the content and format of health 
                data of the Departments using a common language to 
                improve the exchange of data between the Departments 
                and with the private sector, and to ensure that 
                clinicians of both Departments have access to 
                integrated, computable, comprehensive health records of 
                patients.
                    ``(J) To inform each Chief Information Officer of 
                the Department of Defense and the Chief Information 
                Officer of the Department of Veterans Affairs of any 
                activities of the Office affecting or relevant to 
                cybersecurity.''.
    (d) Resources and Staffing.--Subsection (g) of such section is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting before the period at the 
        end the following: ``, including the assignment of clinical or 
        technical personnel of the Department of Defense or the 
        Department of Veterans Affairs to the Office''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(3) Cost sharing.--The Secretary of Defense and the 
        Secretary of Veterans Affairs, acting through the Department of 
        Veterans Affairs-Department of Defense Joint Executive 
        Committee, shall enter into an agreement on cost sharing and 
        providing resources for the operations and staffing of the 
        Office.
            ``(4) Hiring authority.--The Secretary of Defense and the 
        Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall delegate to the Director 
        the authority under title 5, United States Code, regarding 
        appointments in the competitive service to hire personnel of 
        the Office.''.
    (e) Budget Matters.--Such section is amended by adding at the end 
the following new subsection:
    ``(k) Budget and Contracting Matters.--
            ``(1) Budget.--The Director may obligate and expend funds 
        allocated to the operations of the Office.
            ``(2) Contract authority.--The Director may enter into 
        contracts to carry out this section.''.
    (f) Reports.--Subsection (h) of such section is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(h) Reports.--
            ``(1) Annual reports.--Not later than September 30, 2020, 
        and each year thereafter through 2024, the Director shall 
        submit to the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
        Veterans Affairs, and to the appropriate committees of 
        Congress, a report on the activities of the Office during the 
        preceding calendar year. Each report shall include the 
        following:
                    ``(A) A detailed description of the activities of 
                the Office during the year covered by such report, 
                including a detailed description of the amounts 
                expended and the purposes for which expended.
                    ``(B) With respect to the objectives of the 
                strategy under paragraph (2)(C) of subsection (b), and 
                the purposes of the Office under such subsection--
                            ``(i) a discussion, description, and 
                        assessment of the progress made by the 
                        Department of Defense and the Department of 
                        Veterans Affairs during the preceding calendar 
                        year; and
                            ``(ii) a discussion and description of the 
                        goals of the Department of Defense and the 
                        Department of Veterans Affairs for the 
                        following calendar year.
            ``(2) Quarterly reports.--On a quarterly basis, the 
        Director shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress 
        a detailed financial summary of the activities of the Office, 
        including the funds allocated to the Office by each Department, 
        the expenditures made, and an assessment as to whether the 
        current funding is sufficient to carry out the activities of 
        the Office.
            ``(3) Availability.--Each report under this subsection 
        shall be made publicly available.''.
    (g) Conforming Repeal.--Section 713 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 
1071 note) is repealed.

SEC. 714. COMPREHENSIVE ENTERPRISE INTEROPERABILITY STRATEGY FOR THE 
              ARMED FORCES AND THE DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs, acting through the office established by section 
1635(b) of the Wounded Warrior Act (title XVI of Public Law 110-181; 10 
U.S.C. 1071 note), shall jointly develop and implement a comprehensive 
interoperability strategy to--
            (1) improve the delivery of health care by the Armed Forces 
        and the Department of Veterans Affairs by taking advantage of 
        advances in the health information technology marketplace;
            (2) achieve interoperability capabilities that are more 
        adaptable and farther reaching than those achievable through 
        bidirectional information exchange between electronic health 
        records or the exchange of read-only data alone;
            (3) establish an environment that will enable and encourage 
        the adoption of innovative technologies for health care 
        delivery;
            (4) leverage data integration to advance health research 
        and develop an evidence base for the health care programs of 
        both Departments;
            (5) prioritize open systems architecture;
            (6) ensure ownership and control by patients of their 
        health data;
            (7) protect patient privacy and enhance opportunities for 
        innovation by preventing contractors of the Departments or 
        other non-Department entities from owning or exclusively 
        controlling patient health data;
            (8) make maximum use of open-application program interfaces 
        and the Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources standard, or 
        successor standard; and
            (9) achieve--
                    (A) a single lifetime longitudinal personal health 
                record between the Armed Forces and the Department of 
                Veterans Affairs; and
                    (B) interoperability capabilities sufficient to 
                enable the provision of seamless health care relating 
                to--
                            (i) the Armed Forces and private-sector 
                        health care providers under the TRICARE 
                        program; and
                            (ii) the Department of Veterans Affairs and 
                        community health care providers pursuant to 
                        sections 1703 and 1703A of title 38, United 
                        States Code, and other provisions of law 
                        administered by the Secretary of Veterans 
                        Affairs.
    (b) Content.--The strategy under subsection (a) shall--
            (1) include, but shall not be limited to, the Electronic 
        Health Record Modernization Program and the Healthcare 
        Management System Modernization Program of the Armed Forces; 
        and
            (2) consist of--
                    (A) elements formulated and implemented jointly by 
                the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Veterans 
                Affairs; and
                    (B) elements that are unique to either Department 
                and are formulated and implemented separately by either 
                Secretary.
    (c) Submission of Strategy.--
            (1) Strategy.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Director shall submit to each 
        Secretary concerned, and to the appropriate congressional 
        committees, the strategy under subsection (a), including any 
        accompanying or associated implementation plans and supporting 
        information.
            (2) Updated strategy.--Not later than December 31, 2024, 
        the Director shall submit to each Secretary concerned, and to 
        the appropriate congressional committees, an update to the 
        strategy under subsection (a), including any accompanying or 
        associated implementation plans and supporting information.
            (3) Availability.--The Secretaries concerned shall make 
        available to the public the strategy submitted under paragraphs 
        (1) and (2), including by posting such strategy on the internet 
        websites of the Secretaries that is available to the public.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means 
        the following:
                    (A) The congressional defense committees.
                    (B) The Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the 
                House of Representatives and the Senate.
            (2) The term ``Director'' means the Director of the office 
        established by section 1635(b) of the Wounded Warrior Act 
        (title XVI of Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note).
            (3) The term ``Electronic Health Record Modernization 
        Program'' has the meaning given that term in section 503 of the 
        Veterans Benefits and Transition Act of 2018 (Public Law 115-
        407; 132 Stat. 5376).
            (4) The term ``interoperability'' means the ability of 
        different information systems, devices, or applications to 
        connect in a coordinated and secure manner, within and across 
        organizational boundaries, across the complete spectrum of 
        care, including all applicable care settings, and with relevant 
        stakeholders, including the person whose information is being 
        shared, to access, exchange, integrate, and use computable data 
        regardless of the data's origin or destination or the 
        applications employed, and without additional intervention by 
        the end user, including--
                    (A) the capability to reliably exchange information 
                without error;
                    (B) the ability to interpret and to make effective 
                use of the information so exchanged; and
                    (C) the ability for information that can be used to 
                advance patient care to move between health care 
                entities, regardless of the technology platform in 
                place or the location where care was provided.
            (5) The term ``seamless health care'' means health care 
        which is optimized through access by patients and clinicians to 
        integrated, relevant, and complete information about the 
        patient's clinical experiences, social and environmental 
        determinants of health, and health trends over time in order to 
        enable patients and clinicians to move from task to task and 
        encounter to encounter, within and across organizational 
        boundaries, such that high-quality decisions may be formed 
        easily and complete plans of care may be carried out smoothly.
            (6) The term ``Secretary concerned'' means--
                    (A) the Secretary of Defense, with respect to 
                matters concerning the Department of Defense;
                    (B) the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, with respect 
                to matters concerning the Department of Veterans 
                Affairs; and
                    (C) the Secretary of Homeland Security, with 
                respect to matters concerning the Coast Guard when it 
                is not operating as a service in the Department of the 
                Navy.
            (7) The term ``TRICARE program'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 715. DEMONSTRATION OF INTEROPERABILITY MILESTONES.

    (a) Milestones.--
            (1) Evaluation.--To demonstrate increasing levels of 
        interoperability, functionality, and seamless health care 
        within the electronic health record systems of the Department 
        of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs, the Office 
        shall seek to enter into an agreement with an independent 
        entity to conduct an evaluation of the following use cases of 
        such systems:
                    (A) By not later than 18 months after the date of 
                the enactment of this Act, whether a clinician of the 
                Department of Defense can access and meaningfully 
                interact with a complete veteran patient health record 
                from a military medical treatment facility.
                    (B) By not later than 18 months after the date of 
                the enactment of this Act, whether a clinician of the 
                Department of Veterans Affairs can access and 
                meaningfully interact with a complete patient health 
                record of a member of the Armed Forces serving on 
                active duty from a medical center of the Department of 
                Veterans Affairs.
                    (C) By not later than two years after the date of 
                the enactment of this Act, whether a clinician in the 
                Department of Defense and the Department of Veterans 
                Affairs can access and meaningfully interact with the 
                data elements of the health record of a veteran patient 
                or member of the Armed Forces which are generated when 
                the veteran patient or member of the Armed Forces 
                receives health care from a community care provider of 
                the Department of Veterans Affairs or a TRICARE 
                provider of the Department of Defense
                    (D) By not later than two years after the date of 
                the enactment of this Act, whether a community care 
                provider of the Department of the Veterans Affairs and 
                a TRICARE provider on a Health Information Exchange-
                supported electronic health record can access a veteran 
                and active-duty member patient health record from the 
                provider's system.
                    (E) By not later than two years after the enactment 
                of this Act, and subsequently after each significant 
                implementation wave, an assessment of interoperability 
                between the legacy electronic health record systems and 
                the future electronic health record systems of the 
                Department of Veterans Affairs and the Department of 
                Defense.
                    (F) By not later than two years after the enactment 
                of this Act, and subsequently after each significant 
                implementation wave, an assessment of the use of 
                interoperable content between the legacy electronic 
                health record systems and the future electronic health 
                record systems of the Department of Veterans Affairs 
                and the Department of Defense, and third-party 
                applications.
            (2) Submission.--The Office shall submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a report detailing the evaluation, 
        methodology for testing, and findings for each milestone 
        demonstration under paragraph (1) by not later than the date 
        specified under such paragraph.
    (b) System Configuration Management.--The Office shall--
            (1) maintain the common configuration baseline for the 
        electronic health record systems of the Department of Defense 
        and the Department of Veterans Affairs; and
            (2) continually evaluate the state of configuration, the 
        impacts on interoperability, and shall promote the enhancement 
        of such electronic health records systems.
    (c) Regular Clinical Consultation.--The Office shall convene at 
least annually a clinical workshop to include clinical staff from the 
Department of Defense, the Department of Veterans Affairs, the Coast 
Guard, community providers, and other leading clinical experts to 
assess the state of clinical use of the electronic health record 
systems and whether the systems are meeting clinical and patient needs. 
The clinical workshop shall make recommendations to the Office on the 
need for any improvements or concerns with the electronic health record 
systems.
    (d) Clinician and Patient Satisfaction Survey.--Beginning October 
1, 2021, on at least a biannual basis, the Office shall undertake a 
clinician and patient satisfaction survey regarding clinical use and 
patient experience with the electronic health record systems of the 
Department of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs.
    (e) Annual Reports.--Not later than September 30, 2020, and 
annually thereafter, the Office shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report on--
            (1) the state of the configuration baseline under 
        subsection (b) and any activities which decremented or enhanced 
        the state of configuration; and
            (2) the activities, assessments and recommendations of the 
        clinical workshop under subsection (c) and the response of the 
        Office to the workshop recommendations and any action plans to 
        implement the recommendations.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means 
        the following:
                    (A) The congressional defense committees.
                    (B) The Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the 
                House of Representatives and the Senate.
            (2) The term ``configuration baseline'' means a fixed 
        reference in the development cycle or an agreed-upon 
        specification of a product at a point in time. It serves as a 
        documented basis for defining incremental change in all aspects 
        of an information technology product.
            (3) The term ``interoperability'' means the ability of 
        different information systems, devices, or applications to 
        connect in a coordinated and secure manner, within and across 
        organizational boundaries, across the complete spectrum of 
        care, including all applicable care settings, and with relevant 
        stakeholders, including the person whose information is being 
        shared, to access, exchange, integrate, and use computable data 
        regardless of the data's origin or destination or the 
        applications employed, and without additional intervention by 
        the end user, including--
                    (A) the capability to reliably exchange information 
                without error;
                    (B) the ability to interpret and to make effective 
                use of the information so exchanged; and
                    (C) the ability for information that can be used to 
                advance patient care to move between health care 
                entities, regardless of the technology platform in 
                place or the location where care was provided.
            (4) The term ``meaningfully interact'' means that 
        information can be viewed, consumed, acted upon, and edited in 
        a clinical setting to facilitate high quality clinical decision 
        making in a clinical setting.
            (5) The term ``Office'' means the office established by 
        section 1635(b) of the Wounded Warrior Act (title XVI of Public 
        Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note).
            (6) The term ``seamless health care'' means health care 
        which is optimized through access by patients and clinicians to 
        integrated, relevant, and complete information about the 
        patient's clinical experiences, social and environmental 
        determinants of health, and health trends over time in order to 
        enable patients and clinicians to move from task to task and 
        encounter to encounter, within and across organizational 
        boundaries, such that high-quality decisions may be formed 
        easily and complete plans of care may be carried out smoothly.
            (7) The term ``TRICARE program'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 716. INCLUSION OF BLAST EXPOSURE HISTORY IN MEDICAL RECORDS OF 
              MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with 
the Secretaries of the military departments, shall document blast 
exposure history in the medical record of a member of the Armed Forces 
to--
            (1) assist in determining whether a future illness or 
        injury of the member is service-connected; and
            (2) inform future blast exposure risk mitigation efforts of 
        the Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements.--A blast exposure history under subsection (a) shall 
include, at a minimum, the following:
            (1) The date of the exposure.
            (2) The duration of the exposure, and, if known, the 
        measured blast pressure experienced by the individual during 
        such exposure.
            (3) Whether the exposure occurred during combat or 
        training.
            (4) Such other information relating to the exposure as the 
        Secretary of Defense may specify pursuant to the guidance 
        described in subsection (c)(1).
    (c) Collection of Exposure Information.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall collect blast exposure information with respect to a member of 
the Armed Forces in a manner--
            (1) consistent with blast exposure measurement training 
        guidance of the Department, including any new guidance 
        developed pursuant to--
                    (A) the study on blast pressure exposure required 
                by section 734 of the National Defense Authorization 
                Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 
                1444); and
                    (B) the review of guidance on blast exposure during 
                training required by section 253 of the John S. McCain 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
                (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1704, 10 U.S.C. 2001 
                note);
            (2) compatible with training and operational objectives; 
        and
            (3) that is automated, to the extent practicable, to 
        minimize the reporting burden of unit commanders.
    (d) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the types of information included in a 
blast exposure history under subsection (a).

SEC. 717. COMPREHENSIVE POLICY FOR PROVISION OF MENTAL HEALTH CARE TO 
              MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Policy Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, shall develop 
and implement a comprehensive policy for the provision of mental health 
care to members of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Elements.--The policy under subsection (a) shall address each 
of the following:
            (1) The compliance of health professionals in the military 
        health system engaged in the provision of health care services 
        to members with clinical practice guidelines for--
                    (A) suicide prevention;
                    (B) medication-assisted therapy for alcohol use 
                disorders; and
                    (C) medication-assisted therapy for opioid use 
                disorders.
            (2) The access and availability of mental health care 
        services to members who are victims of sexual assault or 
        domestic violence.
            (3) The availability of naloxone reversal capability on 
        military installations.
            (4) The promotion of referrals of members by civilian 
        health care providers to military medical treatment facilities 
        when such members are--
                    (A) at high risk for suicide and diagnosed with a 
                psychiatric disorder; or
                    (B) receiving treatment for opioid use disorders.
            (5) The provision of comprehensive behavioral health 
        treatment to members of the reserve components that takes into 
        account the unique challenges associated with the deployment 
        pattern of such members and the difficulty such members 
        encounter post-deployment with respect to accessing such 
        treatment in civilian communities.
    (c) Consideration.--In developing the policy under subsection (a), 
the Secretary of Defense shall solicit and consider recommendations 
from the Secretaries of the military departments and the Chairman of 
the Joint Chiefs of Staff regarding the feasibility of implementation 
and execution of particular elements of the policy.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the implementation of the policy under 
subsection (a).

SEC. 718. LIMITATION ON THE REALIGNMENT OR REDUCTION OF MILITARY 
              MEDICAL MANNING END STRENGTH.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided by subsection (d), the 
Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries concerned may not realign or 
reduce military medical end strength authorizations until--
            (1) each review is conducted under paragraph (1) of 
        subsection (b);
            (2) each analysis is conducted under paragraph (2) of such 
        subsection;
            (3) the measurement is developed under paragraph (3) of 
        such subsection;
            (4) each plan and forum is provided under paragraph (4) of 
        such subsection; and
            (5) a period of 90 days elapses following the date on which 
        the Secretary submits the report under subsection (c).
    (b) Reviews, Analyses, and Other Information.--
            (1) Review.--Each Secretary concerned, in coordination with 
        the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall conduct a 
        review of the medical manpower requirements of the military 
        department of the Secretary that accounts for all national 
        defense strategy scenarios.
            (2) Analyses.--With respect to each military medical 
        treatment facility that would be affected by a proposed 
        military medical end strength realignment or reduction, the 
        Secretary concerned shall conduct an analysis that--
                    (A) identifies affected billets; and
                    (B) includes a plan for mitigating any potential 
                gap in health care services caused by such realignment 
                or reduction.
            (3) Measurement.--The Secretary of Defense shall--
                    (A) develop a standard measurement for network 
                adequacy to determine the capacity of the local health 
                care network to provide care for covered beneficiaries 
                in the area of a military medical treatment facility 
                that would be affected by a proposed military medical 
                end strength realignment or reduction; and
                    (B) use such measurement in carrying out this 
                section and otherwise evaluating proposed military 
                medical end strength realignment or reductions.
            (4) Outreach.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide to 
        each member of the Armed Forces and covered beneficiary located 
        in the area of a military medical treatment facility that would 
        be affected by a proposed military medical end strength 
        realignment or reduction the following:
                    (A) A transition plan for continuity of health care 
                services.
                    (B) A public forum to discuss the concerns of the 
                member and covered beneficiary regarding such proposed 
                realignment or reduction.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the 
Senate a report on the proposed military medical end strength 
realignments or reductions, including--
            (1) the reviews, analyses, and other information developed 
        under subsection (b); and
            (2) a description of the actions the Secretary plans to 
        take with respect to such proposed realignments or reductions.
    (d) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not apply to 
billets of a medical department of a military department that have 
remained unfilled since at least October 1, 2018. The Secretary 
concerned may realign or reduce such a billet if the Secretary 
determines that such realignment or reduction does not affect the 
provision of health care services to members of the Armed Forces or 
covered beneficiaries.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered beneficiary'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) The term ``proposed military medical end strength 
        realignment or reduction'' means a realignment or reduction of 
        military medical end strength authorizations as proposed by the 
        budget of the President for fiscal year 2020 submitted to 
        Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States 
        Code.
            (3) The term ``Secretary concerned'' means--
                    (A) the Secretary of the Army, with respect to 
                matters concerning the Army;
                    (B) the Secretary of the Navy, with respect to 
                matters concerning the Navy, the Marine Corps, and the 
                Coast Guard when it is operating as a service in the 
                Department of the Navy; and
                    (C) the Secretary of the Air Force, with respect to 
                matters concerning the Air Force.

SEC. 719. STRATEGY TO RECRUIT AND RETAIN MENTAL HEALTH PROVIDERS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report that--
            (1) describes the shortage of mental health providers of 
        the Department of Defense;
            (2) explains the reasons for such shortage;
            (3) explains the effect of such shortage on members of the 
        Armed Forces; and
            (4) contains a strategy to better recruit and retain mental 
        health providers, including with respect to psychiatrists, 
        psychologists, mental health nurse practitioners, licensed 
        social workers, and other licensed providers of the military 
        health system, in a manner that addresses the need for cultural 
        competence and diversity among such mental health providers.

SEC. 720. MONITORING MEDICATION PRESCRIBING PRACTICES FOR THE TREATMENT 
              OF POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER.

    (a) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
        the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate a report on the practices for 
        prescribing medication during the period beginning January 1, 
        2012, and ending December 31, 2017, that were inconsistent with 
        the post-traumatic stress disorder medication guidelines 
        developed by the Department of Defense and the Veterans Health 
        Administration.
            (2) Contents.--The report under this subsection shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A summary of the practices of the Army, Navy, 
                and the Air Force, for prescribing medication during 
                the period referred to in paragraph (1) that were 
                inconsistent with the post-traumatic stress disorder 
                medication guidelines developed by the Department of 
                Defense and the Veterans Health Administration.
                    (B) Identification of medical centers serving 
                members of the Armed Forces found to having higher than 
                average incidences of prescribing medication during the 
                period referred to in paragraph (1) that were 
                inconsistent with the post-traumatic stress disorder 
                guidelines.
                    (C) A plan for such medical centers to reduce the 
                prescribing of medications that are inconsistent with 
                the post-traumatic stress disorder guidelines.
                    (D) A plan for ongoing monitoring of medical 
                centers found to have higher than average incidences of 
                prescribing medication that were inconsistent with the 
                post-traumatic stress disorder guidelines by the 
                Department of Defense and the Veterans Health 
                Administration.
    (b) Monitoring Program.--Based on the findings of the report under 
subsection (a), the Secretaries of the Army, the Navy, and the Air 
Force shall each establish a monitoring program carried out with 
respect to such branch of the Armed Forces that shall provide as 
follows:
            (1) The monitoring program shall provide for the conduct of 
        periodic reviews, beginning October 1, 2019, of medication 
        prescribing practices of its own providers.
            (2) The monitoring program shall provide for regular 
        reports, beginning October 1, 2020, to the Department of 
        Defense and the Veterans Health Administration, of the results 
        of the periodic reviews pursuant to paragraph (1) of this 
        subsection.
            (3) The monitoring program shall establish internal 
        procedures, not later than October 1, 2020, to address 
        practices for prescribing medication that are inconsistent with 
        the post-traumatic stress disorder medication guidelines 
        developed by the Department of Defense and the Veterans Health 
        Administration.
    (c) Report on Implementation of Guidance on Opioid Prescriptions 
for Pain From Minor Outpatient Procedures.--Not later than 6 months 
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, 
acting in conjunction with the Director of the Defense Health Agency, 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate a report on the implementation and 
results of the Defense Health Agency's guidance on opioid prescriptions 
for pain from minor outpatient procedures in Guidance Report entitled 
``Pain Management and Opioid Safety in the Military Health System 
(MHS)'' (DHA-PI 6025.04, issued on June 8, 2018).

SEC. 720A. MAINTENANCE OF CERTAIN MEDICAL SERVICES AT MILITARY MEDICAL 
              TREATMENT FACILITIES AT SERVICE ACADEMIES.

    Section 1073d of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Maintenance of Certain Medical Services at Service 
Academies.--(1) In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary of 
Defense shall ensure that each military medical treatment facility 
located at a Service Academy (as defined in section 347 of this title) 
provides each covered medical service unless the Secretary determines 
that a civilian health care facility located not fewer than five miles 
from the Service Academy provides the covered medical service.
    ``(2) In this subsection, the term `covered medical service' means 
the following:
            ``(A) Emergency room services.
            ``(B) Orthopedic services.
            ``(C) General surgery services.
            ``(D) Ear, nose, and throat services.
            ``(E) Gynecological services.
            ``(F) Ophthalmology services.
            ``(G) In-patient services.
            ``(H) Any other medical services that the relevant 
        Superintendent of the Service Academy determines necessary to 
        maintain the readiness and health of the cadets or midshipmen 
        and members of the armed forces at the Service Academy.''.

SEC. 720B. DEVELOPMENT OF PARTNERSHIPS TO IMPROVE COMBAT CASUALTY CARE 
              FOR PERSONNEL OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Partnerships.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall, through 
        the Joint Trauma Education and Training Directorate established 
        under section 708 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note), 
        develop partnerships with civilian academic medical centers and 
        large metropolitan teaching hospitals to improve combat 
        casualty care for personnel of the Armed Forces.
            (2) Partnerships with level i trauma centers.--In carrying 
        out partnerships under paragraph (1), trauma surgeons and 
        physicians of the Department of Defense shall partner with 
        level I civilian trauma centers to provide adequate training 
        and readiness for the next generation of medical providers to 
        treat critically injured burn patients.
    (b) Support of Partnerships.--The Secretary of Defense shall make 
every effort to support partnerships under the Joint Trauma Education 
and Training Directorate with academic institutions that have level I 
civilian trauma centers, specifically those centers with a burn center, 
that offer burn rotations and clinical experience to provide adequate 
training and readiness for the next generation of medical providers to 
treat critically injured burn patients.
    (c) Level I Civilian Trauma Center Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``level I civilian trauma center'' has the meaning given that term 
in section 708 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note).
    (d) Effective Date.--This section shall take effect on October 1, 
2020.

SEC. 720C. MODIFICATION TO REFERRALS FOR MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES.

    If the Secretary of Defense is unable to provide mental health 
services in a military medical treatment facility to a member of the 
Armed Forces within 15 days of the date on which such services are 
first requested by the member, the Secretary may refer the member to a 
provider under the TRICARE program (as that term is defined in section 
1072 of title 10, United States Code) to receive such services.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 721. ESTABLISHMENT OF MILITARY DENTAL RESEARCH PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 104 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 2116 the following new section:
``Sec. 2116a. Military dental research
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `military dental research' means research on 
        the furnishing of dental care and services by dentists in the 
        armed forces.
            ``(2) The term `TriService Dental Research Program' means 
        the program of military dental research authorized under this 
        section.
    ``(b) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense may establish 
at the University a program of military dental research.
    ``(c) TriService Research Group.--The TriService Dental Research 
Program shall be administered by a TriService Dental Research Group 
composed of Army, Navy, and Air Force dentists who are involved in 
military dental research and are designated by the Secretary concerned 
to serve as members of the group.
    ``(d) Duties of Group.--The TriService Dental Research Group 
described in subsection (c) shall--
            ``(1) develop for the Department of Defense recommended 
        guidelines for requesting, reviewing, and funding proposed 
        military dental research projects; and
            ``(2) make available to Army, Navy, and Air Force dentists 
        and officials of the Department of Defense who conduct military 
        dental research--
                    ``(A) information about dental research projects 
                that are being developed or carried out in the Army, 
                Navy, and Air Force; and
                    ``(B) expertise and information beneficial to the 
                encouragement of meaningful dental research.
    ``(e) Research Topics.--For purposes of this section, military 
dental research includes research on the following issues:
            ``(1) Issues regarding how to ensure the readiness of 
        members of the armed forces on active duty and in the reserve 
        components with respect to the provision of dental care and 
        services.
            ``(2) Issues regarding preventive dentistry and disease 
        management, including early detection of needs.
            ``(3) Issues regarding how to improve the results of dental 
        care and services provided in the armed forces in time of 
        peace.
            ``(4) Issues regarding how to improve the results of dental 
        care and services provided in the armed forces in time of war.
            ``(5) Issues regarding minimizing or eliminating emergent 
        dental conditions and dental disease and non-battle injuries in 
        deployed settings.
            ``(6) Issues regarding how to prevent complications 
        associated with dental-related battle injuries.
            ``(7) Issues regarding how to prevent complications 
        associated with the transportation of dental patients in the 
        military medical evacuation system.
            ``(8) Issues regarding the use of technological advances, 
        including teledentistry.
            ``(9) Issues regarding psychological distress in receiving 
        dental care and services.
            ``(10) Issues regarding how to improve methods of training 
        dental personnel, including dental assistants and dental 
        extenders.
            ``(11) Wellness issues relating to dental care and 
        services.
            ``(12) Case management issues relating to dental care and 
        services.
            ``(13) Issues regarding the use of alternate dental care 
        delivery systems, including the employment of interprofessional 
        practice models incorporating multiple health professions.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 104 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 2116 the following new item:

``2116a. Military dental research.''.

SEC. 722. PILOT PROGRAM ON CRYOPRESERVATION AND STORAGE.

    (a) Pilot Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
pilot program to provide not more than 1,000 members of the Armed 
Forces serving on active duty with the opportunity to cryopreserve and 
store their gametes prior to deployment to a combat zone.
    (b) Period.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide for the 
        cryopreservation and storage of gametes of a participating 
        member of the Armed Forces under subsection (a), at no cost to 
        the member, in a facility of the Department of Defense or at a 
        private entity pursuant to a contract under subsection (d) 
        until the date that is one year after the retirement, 
        separation, or release of the member from the Armed Forces.
            (2) Continued cryopreservation and storage.--At the end of 
        the one-year period specified in paragraph (1), the Secretary 
        shall authorize an individual whose gametes were cryopreserved 
        and stored in a facility of the Department as described in that 
        paragraph to select, including pursuant to an advance medical 
        directive or military testamentary instrument completed under 
        subsection (c), one of the following options:
                    (A) To continue such cryopreservation and storage 
                in such facility with the cost of such cryopreservation 
                and storage borne by the individual.
                    (B) To transfer the gametes to a private 
                cryopreservation and storage facility selected by the 
                individual.
                    (C) To authorize the Secretary to dispose of the 
                gametes of the individual not earlier than the date 
                that is 90 days after the end of the one-year period