Text: H.R.2500 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Reported in House (06/19/2019)

 
[Congressional Bills 116th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[H.R. 2500 Reported in House (RH)]

<DOC>





                                                  Union Calendar No. 88
116th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 2500

                          [Report No. 116-120]

     To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2020 for military 
activities of the Department of Defense and for military construction, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
                            other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                              May 2, 2019

   Mr. Smith of Washington (for himself and Mr. Thornberry) (both by 
   request) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the 
                      Committee on Armed Services

                             June 19, 2019

Reported with amendments, committed to the Committee of the Whole House 
          on the State of the Union, and ordered to be printed
 [Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed 
                               in italic]
[For text of introduced bill, see copy of bill as introduced on May 2, 
                                 2019]


_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
     To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2020 for military 
activities of the Department of Defense and for military construction, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
                            other purposes.


 


    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2020''.

SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into four divisions as 
follows:
            (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
            (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
            (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
        Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
            (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                       Subtitle B--Navy Programs

Sec. 111. Modification of annual report on cost targets for certain 
                            aircraft carriers.
Sec. 112. Repeal of requirement to adhere to Navy cost estimates for 
                            certain aircraft carriers.
Sec. 113. Ford class aircraft carrier support for F-35C aircraft.
Sec. 114. Prohibition on use of funds for reduction of aircraft carrier 
                            force structure.
Sec. 115. Design and construction of amphibious transport dock 
                            designated LPD-31.
Sec. 116. Limitation on availability of funds pending quarterly updates 
                            on the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter 
                            program.
Sec. 117. Limitation on availability of funds for VH-92A helicopter.
Sec. 118. National Defense Reserve Fleet Vessel.

                     Subtitle C--Air Force Programs

Sec. 121. Modification of requirement to preserve certain C-5 aircraft.
Sec. 122. Modification of limitation on use of funds for KC-46A 
                            aircraft.
Sec. 123. F-15EX aircraft program.
Sec. 124. Prohibition on availability of funds for reduction in KC-10 
                            primary mission aircraft inventory.
Sec. 125. Limitation on availability of funds for VC-25B aircraft.
Sec. 126. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement of RC-135 
                            aircraft.
Sec. 127. Report on aircraft fleet of the Civil Air Patrol.

       Subtitle D--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 131. Economic order quantity contracting and buy-to-budget 
                            acquisition for F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 132. Program requirements for the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 133. Reports on F-35 aircraft program.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of 
                            members of Armed Forces for careers in 
                            science, technology, engineering, and 
                            mathematics.
Sec. 212. Temporary inclusion of joint artificial intelligence center 
                            of the Department of Defense in personnel 
                            management authority to attract experts in 
                            science and engineering.
Sec. 213. Joint Hypersonics Transition Office.
Sec. 214. Modification of proof of concept commercialization program.
Sec. 215. Contract for national security research studies.
Sec. 216. JASON Scientific Advisory Group.
Sec. 217. Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon Removal Technology 
                            Program.
Sec. 218. Foreign malign influence operations research program.
Sec. 219. Sensor data integration for fifth generation aircraft.
Sec. 220. Documentation relating to Advanced Battle Management System.
Sec. 221. Documentation relating to B-52 commercial engine replacement 
                            program.
Sec. 222. Diversification of the science, technology, research, and 
                            engineering workforce of the Department of 
                            Defense.
Sec. 223. Policy on the talent management of digital expertise and 
                            software professionals.
Sec. 224. Development and implementation of digital engineering 
                            capability and automated software testing 
                            and evaluation.
Sec. 225. Process to align policy formulation and emerging technology 
                            development.
Sec. 226.  Limitation on transition of Strategic Capabilities Office of 
                            the Department of Defense.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 231. Master plan for implementation of authorities relating to 
                            science and technology reinvention 
                            laboratories.
Sec. 232. Master plan for infrastructure required to support research, 
                            development, test, and evaluation missions.
Sec. 233. Strategy and implementation plan for fifth generation 
                            information and communications 
                            technologies.
Sec. 234. Department-wide software science and technology strategy.
Sec. 235. Artificial intelligence education strategy.
Sec. 236. Biannual report on the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.
Sec. 237. Quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle 
                            program.
Sec. 238. Grants for civics education programs.
Sec. 239. Technology and national security fellowship.
Sec. 240. National Security Commission on Defense Research at 
                            Historically Black Colleges and 
                            Universities and Other Minority 
                            Institutions.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Timeline for Clearinghouse review of applications for energy 
                            projects that may have an adverse impact on 
                            military operations and readiness.
Sec. 312. Authority to make final finding on designation of geographic 
                            areas of concern for purposes of energy 
                            projects with adverse impacts on military 
                            operations and readiness.
Sec. 313. Authority to accept contributions of funds from applicants 
                            for energy projects for mitigation of 
                            impacts on military operations and 
                            readiness.
Sec. 314. Department of Defense improvement of previously conveyed 
                            utility systems serving military 
                            installations.
Sec. 315. Five-year authority for National Guard environmental 
                            restoration projects for environmental 
                            responses.
Sec. 316. Sale of electricity from alternate energy and cogeneration 
                            production facilities.
Sec. 317. Transfer authority for funding of study and assessment on 
                            health implications of per- and 
                            polyfluoroalkyl substances contamination in 
                            drinking water by Agency for Toxic 
                            Substances and Disease Registry.
Sec. 318. Replacement of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam with 
                            fluorine-free fire-fighting agent.
Sec. 319. Prohibition of uncontrolled release of fluorinated aqueous 
                            film-forming foam at military 
                            installations.
Sec. 320. Prohibition on use of fluorinated aqueous film forming foam 
                            for training exercises.
Sec. 321. Real-time noise-monitoring study at Navy and Air Force 
                            installations where tactical fighter 
                            aircraft operate.
Sec. 322. Development of climate vulnerability and risk assessment 
                            tool.
Sec. 323. Provision of uncontaminated water for agricultural use on 
                            land contaminated by PFOS and PFOA used on 
                            military installations.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 331. Material readiness metrics and objectives.
Sec. 332. Clarification of authority regarding use of working capital 
                            funds for unspecified minor military 
                            construction projects related to 
                            revitalization and recapitalization of 
                            defense industrial base facilities.
Sec. 333. F-35 Joint Strike Fighter sustainment.
Sec. 334. Report on strategic policy for prepositioned materiel and 
                            equipment.
Sec. 335. Limitation on use of funds for implementation of elements of 
                            master plan for redevelopment of Former 
                            Ship Repair Facility in Guam.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 341. Readiness reporting.
Sec. 342. Extension of deadline for transition from service-specific 
                            defense readiness reporting systems.
Sec. 343. Report on Navy ship depot maintenance budget.
Sec. 344. Report on Runit Dome.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 351. Inclusion of over-the-horizon radars in early outreach 
                            procedures.
Sec. 352. Extension of authority for Secretary of Defense to use 
                            Department of Defense reimbursement rate 
                            for transportation services provided to 
                            certain non-Department of Defense entities.
Sec. 353. Expanded transfer and adoption of military animals.
Sec. 354. Extension of authority of Secretary of Transportation to 
                            issue non-premium aviation insurance.
Sec. 355. Defense personal property program.
Sec. 356. Public events about Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
Sec. 357. Sense of Congress regarding Innovative Readiness Training 
                            program.
Sec. 358. Pilot program on reduction of effects of military aviation 
                            noise on private residences.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
                            levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for reserves on active duty in support of the 
                            reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
                            active duty for operational support.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Management policies for joint qualified officers.
Sec. 502. Grade of Chief of the Veterinary Corps of the Army.
Sec. 503. Authority of promotion boards to recommend that officers of 
                            particular merit be placed higher on 
                            promotion list.
Sec. 504. Availability on the internet of certain information about 
                            officers serving in general or flag officer 
                            grades.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Grade of certain chiefs of reserve components.
Sec. 512. Authority to defer mandatory separation at age 68 of officers 
                            in medical specialties in the reserve 
                            components.
Sec. 513. Repeal of requirement for review of certain Army Reserve 
                            officer unit vacancy promotions by 
                            commanders of associated active duty units.
Sec. 514. Guidance for use of unmanned aircraft systems by the National 
                            Guard.
Sec. 515. Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 516. JROTC computer science and cybersecurity program.
Sec. 517. Programs of scholarships for members of Junior Reserve 
                            Officers' Training Corps units toward 
                            obtaining private pilot's certificates.
Sec. 518. Sense of Congress regarding Junior Reserve Officers' Training 
                            Corps.
Sec. 519. Sense of Congress regarding the National Guard Youth 
                            Challenge Program.

  Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                Records

Sec. 521. Establishment of board of appeals regarding denied requests 
                            for upgraded discharges and dismissals.
Sec. 522. Prohibition on reduction in the number of personnel assigned 
                            to duty with a service review agency.
Sec. 523. Advisory committee on record and service review boards.
Sec. 524. Time requirements for certification of honorable service.
Sec. 525. Prohibition on implementation of military service suitability 
                            determinations for foreign nationals who 
                            are lawful permanent residents.
Sec. 526. Strategic plan for diversity and inclusion.
Sec. 527. Independent study on barriers to entry into the Armed Forces 
                            for English learners.
Sec. 528. Reenlistment waivers for persons separated from the Armed 
                            Forces who commit one misdemeanor cannabis 
                            offense.
Sec. 529. Sense of Congress regarding accession physicals.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

Sec. 531. Command influence.
Sec. 532. Statute of limitations for certain offenses.
Sec. 533. Guidelines on sentences for offenses committed under the 
                            Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 534. Expansion of responsibilities of commanders for victims of 
                            sexual assault committed by another member 
                            of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 535. Increase in investigative personnel and Victim Witness 
                            Assistance Program liaisons.
Sec. 536. Increase in number of digital forensic examiners for the 
                            military criminal investigation 
                            organizations.
Sec. 537. Pilot programs on defense investigators in the military 
                            justice system.
Sec. 538. Pilot program on prosecution of special victim offenses 
                            committed by attendees of military service 
                            academies.
Sec. 539. Timely disposition of nonprosecutable sex-related offenses.
Sec. 540. Training for sexual assault initial disposition authorities 
                            on exercise of disposition authority for 
                            sexual assault and collateral offenses.

                    Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Standard of evidence applicable to investigations and reviews 
                            related to protected communications of 
                            members of the Armed Forces and prohibited 
                            retaliatory actions.
Sec. 542. Expansion of Special Victims' Counsel for victims of sex-
                            related or domestic violence offenses.
Sec. 543. Notification of issuance of military protective order to 
                            civilian law enforcement.
Sec. 544. Clarifications regarding scope of employment and reemployment 
                            rights of members of the uniformed 
                            services.
Sec. 545. Military orders required for termination of leases pursuant 
                            to the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 546. Consultation regarding victim's preference in prosecution 
                            jurisdiction.
Sec. 547. Extension and expansion of Defense Advisory Committee on 
                            Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of 
                            Sexual Assault in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 548. Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual 
                            Misconduct.
Sec. 549. Safe to report policy applicable across the Armed Forces.
Sec. 550. Availability of Special Victims' Counsel and special victim 
                            prosecutors at military installations.
Sec. 550a. Notice to victims of alleged sexual assault of pendency of 
                            further administrative action following a 
                            determination not to refer to trial by 
                            court-martial.
Sec. 550b. Training for Special Victims' Counsel on civilian criminal 
                            justice matters in the States of the 
                            military installations to which assigned.

                      Subtitle F--Member Education

Sec. 551. Authority for detail of certain enlisted members of the Armed 
                            Forces as students at law schools.
Sec. 552. Education of members of the Armed Forces on career readiness 
                            and professional development.
Sec. 553. Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center.
Sec. 554. Expansion of Department of Defense STARBASE Program.
Sec. 555. Degree granting authority for United States Army Armament 
                            Graduate School.
Sec. 556. Congressional nominations for Senior Reserve Officers' 
                            Training Corps scholarships.
Sec. 557. Consideration of application for transfer for a student of a 
                            military service academy who is the victim 
                            of a sexual assault or related offense.
Sec. 558. Redesignation of the Commandant of the United States Air 
                            Force Institute of Technology as the 
                            Director and Chancellor of such Institute.
Sec. 559. Eligibility of additional enlisted members for associate 
                            degree programs of the Community College of 
                            the Air Force.
Sec. 560. Safe-to-report policy applicable to military service 
                            academies.
Sec. 560a. Recoupment of funds from cadets and midshipmen separated for 
                            criminal misconduct.

               Subtitle G--Member Training and Transition

Sec. 561. Prohibition on gender-segregated training at Marine Corps 
                            Recruit Depots.
Sec. 562. Medical personnel at Marine Corps Recruit Depots.
Sec. 563. Assessment of deaths of recruits under the jurisdiction of 
                            the Secretary of the Navy.
Sec. 564. Inclusion of specific email address block on Certificate of 
                            Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD 
                            Form 214).
Sec. 565. Machine readability and electronic transferability of 
                            Certificate of Release or Discharge from 
                            Active Duty (DD Form 214).
Sec. 566. Records of service for reserves.

    Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

Sec. 571. Authorizing members to take leave for a birth or adoption in 
                            more than one increment.
Sec. 572. Deferred deployment for members who give birth.
Sec. 573. Authority of the Secretary concerned to transport remains of 
                            a covered decedent to no more than two 
                            places selected by the person designated to 
                            direct disposition of the remains.
Sec. 574. Clarification regarding eligibility to transfer entitlement 
                            under Post-9/11 Educational Assistance 
                            Program.
Sec. 575. Absentee ballot tracking program.
Sec. 576. Annual State report card.
Sec. 577. Transportation of remains of casualties; travel expenses for 
                            next of kin.
Sec. 578. Meetings of officials of the Department of Defense with 
                            survivors of deceased members of the Armed 
                            Forces.
Sec. 579. Direct employment pilot program for members of the National 
                            Guard and Reserve, veterans, their spouses 
                            and dependents, and members of Gold Star 
                            Families.
Sec. 580. Continued assistance to schools with significant numbers of 
                            military dependent students.

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Expansion of Gold Star Lapel Button Eligibility to 
                            stepsiblings; free replacement.
Sec. 582. Establishment of the Atomic Veterans Service Medal.
Sec. 583. Review of World War I valor medals.

          Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Repeal of quarterly report on end strengths.
Sec. 592. Revision of Workplace and Gender Relations Surveys.
Sec. 593. Modification of elements of reports on the improved 
                            Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 594. Questions in workplace surveys regarding supremacist, 
                            extremist, and racist activity.
Sec. 595. Command matters in connection with transition assistance 
                            programs.
Sec. 596. Expressing support for the designation of a ``Gold Star 
                            Families Remembrance Day''.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Clarification of continuation of pays during hospitalization 
                            and rehabilitation resulting from wounds, 
                            injury, or illness incurred while on duty 
                            in a hostile fire area or exposed to an 
                            event of hostile fire or other hostile 
                            action.
Sec. 602. Basic needs allowance for low-income regular members.
Sec. 603. Temporary increase of rates of basic allowance for housing 
                            following determination that local civilian 
                            housing costs significantly exceed such 
                            rates.
Sec. 604. Basic allowance for housing for a member without dependents 
                            when relocation would financially 
                            disadvantage the member.
Sec. 605. Partial dislocation allowance.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
                            authorities.

                Subtitle C--Family and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 621. Payment of transitional compensation for certain dependents.
Sec. 622. Death gratuity for ROTC graduates.
Sec. 623. Continued eligibility for education and training 
                            opportunities for spouses of promoted 
                            members.
Sec. 624. Occupational improvements for relocated spouses of members of 
                            the uniformed services.
Sec. 625. Expansion of authority to provide financial assistance to 
                            civilian providers of child care services 
                            or youth program services who provide such 
                            services to survivors of members of the 
                            Armed Forces who die in line of duty.
Sec. 626. Space-available travel on military aircraft for children and 
                            surviving spouses of members who die of 
                            hostile action or training duty.
Sec. 627. Consideration of service on active duty to reduce age of 
                            eligibility for retired pay for non-regular 
                            service.
Sec. 628. Modification to authority to reimburse for State licensure 
                            and certification costs of a spouse of a 
                            member arising from relocation.
Sec. 629. Improvements to child care for members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 630. Casualty assistance for survivors of deceased ROTC graduates.

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

Sec. 631. GAO review of defense resale optimization study.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Contraception coverage parity under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 702. Pregnancy prevention assistance at military medical treatment 
                            facilities for sexual assault survivors.
Sec. 703. Modification of eligibility for TRICARE Reserve Select for 
                            certain members of the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 704. Lead level screenings and testings for children.
Sec. 705. Exposure to open burn pits and toxic airborne chemicals or 
                            other airborne contaminants as part of 
                            periodic health assessments and other 
                            physical examinations.
Sec. 706. Enhancement of recordkeeping and postdeployment medical 
                            assessment requirements related to 
                            occupational and environmental hazard 
                            exposure during deployment.
Sec. 707. Modifications to post-deployment mental health assessments 
                            for members of the Armed Forces deployed in 
                            support of a contingency operation.
Sec. 708. Provision of blood testing for firefighters of Department of 
                            Defense to determine exposure to 
                            perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl 
                            substances.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Requirements for certain prescription drug labels.
Sec. 712. Officers authorized to command Army dental units.
Sec. 713. Improvements to leadership of interagency program office of 
                            the Department of Defense and the 
                            Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 714. Inclusion of blast exposure history in medical records of 
                            members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 715. Comprehensive policy for provision of mental health care to 
                            members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 716. Limitation on the realignment or reduction of military 
                            medical manning end strength.
Sec. 717. Strategy to recruit and retain mental health providers.
Sec. 718. Monitoring medication prescribing practices for the treatment 
                            of post-traumatic stress disorder.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 721. Establishment of military dental research program.
Sec. 722. Pilot program on cryopreservation and storage.
Sec. 723.  Encouragement of participation in Women's Health Transition 
                            Training pilot program.
Sec. 724. National Guard suicide prevention pilot program.
Sec. 725. Reports on suicide among members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 726. Study on military-civilian integrated health delivery 
                            systems.
Sec. 727. Study on case management at military medical treatment 
                            facilities.
Sec. 728. Study on infertility among members of the Armed Forces.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

             Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Establishment of acquisition pathways for software 
                            applications and software upgrades.
Sec. 802. Software development and software acquisition training and 
                            management programs.
Sec. 803. Modifications to cost or pricing data for certain 
                            procurements.
Sec. 804. Modifications to cost or pricing data on below-threshold 
                            contracts.
Sec. 805. Comptroller General report on price reasonableness.
Sec. 806. Requirement that certain ship components be manufactured in 
                            the national technology and industrial 
                            base.
Sec. 807. Acquisition and disposal of certain rare earth materials.
Sec. 808. Prohibition on acquisition of tantalum from non-allied 
                            foreign nations.
Sec. 809. Application of miscellaneous technology base policies and 
                            programs to the Columbia-class submarine 
                            program.
Sec. 810. Application of limitation on procurement of goods other than 
                            United States goods to the FFG-Frigate 
                            Program.
Sec. 811. Consideration of price in procurement of the FFG(X) frigate.
Sec. 812. Repeal of continuation of data rights during challenges.
Sec. 813. Repeal of authority to waive acquisition laws to acquire 
                            vital national security capabilities.
Sec. 814. Repeal of transfer of funds related to cost overruns and cost 
                            underruns.

Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

Sec. 821. Modifications to the middle tier of acquisition programs.
Sec. 822. Briefing relating to the ``middle tier'' of acquisition 
                            programs.
Sec. 823. Rates for progress payments or performance-based payments.
Sec. 824. Additional requirements for negotiations for noncommercial 
                            computer software.
Sec. 825. Responsibility for data analysis and requirements validation 
                            for services contracts.
Sec. 826. Annual reports on authority to carry out certain prototype 
                            projects.
Sec. 827. Competition requirements for purchases from Federal Prison 
                            Industries.
Sec. 828. Enhanced post-award debriefing rights.
Sec. 829. Standardizing data collection and reporting on use of source 
                            selection procedures by Federal agencies.
Sec. 830. Modification of justification and approval requirement for 
                            certain Department of Defense contracts.

        Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

Sec. 841. Defense acquisition workforce certification and education 
                            requirements.
Sec. 842. Public-private exchange program for the acquisition 
                            workforce.
Sec. 843. Incentives and consideration for qualified training programs.
Sec. 844. Certification by prospective military construction 
                            contractors of good faith effort to utilize 
                            qualified apprentices.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Security

Sec. 851. Supply chain security of certain telecommunications and video 
                            surveillance services or equipment.
Sec. 852. Assured security against intrusion on United States military 
                            networks.
Sec. 853. Revised authorities to defeat adversary efforts to compromise 
                            United States defense capabilities.
Sec. 854. Prohibition on operation or procurement of foreign-made 
                            unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 855. Supply chain risk mitigation policies to be implemented 
                            through requirements generation process.

       Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to the Acquisition System

Sec. 861. Modifications to the defense acquisition system.

                  Subtitle F--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 871. Consideration of subcontracting to minority institutions.
Sec. 872. Size standard calculations for certain small business 
                            concerns.
Sec. 873. Modifications to small business subcontracting.
Sec. 874. Inclusion of best in class designations in annual report on 
                            small business goals.
Sec. 875. Small Business Administration cybersecurity reports.
Sec. 876. Cyber counseling certification program for lead small 
                            business development centers.
Sec. 877. Exemption of certain contracts from the periodic inflation 
                            adjustments to the acquisition-related 
                            dollar threshold.
Sec. 878. Improvements to certain defense innovation programs.
Sec. 879. Pilot program for development of technology-enhanced 
                            capabilities with partnership 
                            intermediaries.
Sec. 880. Authorized official to carry out the procurement technical 
                            assistance cooperative agreement program.
Sec. 881. Permanent authorization and improvement of Department of 
                            Defense Mentor-Protege Program.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 891. Requirement to use models of commercial e-commerce portal 
                            program.
Sec. 892. Report and database on items manufactured in the United 
                            States for major defense acquisition 
                            programs.
Sec. 893. Requirements relating to Selected Acquisition Reports.
Sec. 894. Contractor science, technology, engineering, and math 
                            programs.
Sec. 895. Extension of sunset relating to Federal Data Center 
                            Consolidation Initiative.
Sec. 896. Requirements relating to certain rail rolling stock 
                            procurements and operations.
Sec. 897. Prohibition on contracting with persons that have business 
                            operations with the Maduro regime.

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Update of authorities relating to nuclear command, control, 
                            and communications.

  Subtitle B--Other Department of Defense Organization and Management 
                                Matters

Sec. 911. Codification of Assistant Secretaries for Environment, 
                            Installations, and Energy of the Army, 
                            Navy, and Air Force.
Sec. 912. Limitation on availability of funds for consolidation of 
                            Defense Media Activity.
Sec. 913. Modernization of certain forms and surveys.

                       Subtitle C--Space Matters

                   Part I--United States Space Corps

Sec. 921. Establishment of United States Space Corps in the Department 
                            of the Air Force.
Sec. 922. Transfer of personnel, functions, and assets to the Space 
                            Corps.
Sec. 923. Reports on Space Corps.
Sec. 924. Space National Guard.
Sec. 925. Effects on military installations.

                      Part II--Other Space Matters

Sec. 931. United States Space Command.

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Additional requirements for annual report and briefing on 
                            financial improvement and audit remediation 
                            plan.
Sec. 1003. Financial improvement and audit remediation plan.
Sec. 1004. Reporting requirements relating to Department of Defense 
                            audits.
Sec. 1005. Annual budget justification display for service-common and 
                            other support and enabling capabilities for 
                            special operations forces.
Sec. 1006. Determination of budgetary effects.
Sec. 1007. Independent public accountant audit of financial systems of 
                            the Department of Defense.

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

Sec. 1011. Modification of authority to provide support to other 
                            agencies for counterdrug activities and 
                            activities to counter transnational 
                            organized crime.
Sec. 1012. Technical correction and extension of reporting requirement 
                            regarding enhancement of information 
                            sharing and coordination of military 
                            training between Department of Homeland 
                            Security and Department of Defense.
Sec. 1013. Repeal of Secretary of Defense review of curricula and 
                            program structures of National Guard 
                            Counterdrug Schools.

                Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1021. Transportation by sea of supplies for the Armed Forces and 
                            Defense Agencies.
Sec. 1022. Use of National Defense Sealift Fund for procurement of two 
                            used vessels.
Sec. 1023. Formal schoolhouse training for shipboard system programs of 
                            record.
Sec. 1024. Report on shipbuilder training and the defense industrial 
                            base.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Extension of authority for joint task forces to provide 
                            support to law enforcement agencies 
                            conducting counter-terrorism activities.
Sec. 1032. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
                            individuals detained at United States Naval 
                            Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain 
                            countries.
Sec. 1033. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer to and detention of 
                            additional individuals, including United 
                            States citizens, at United States Naval 
                            Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1034. Sense of Congress regarding the provision of medical care to 
                            individuals detained at United States Naval 
                            Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1035. Independent assessment on gender and countering violent 
                            extremism.

         Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1041. Scheduling of Department of Defense executive aircraft 
                            controlled by Secretaries of military 
                            departments.
Sec. 1042. Explosive ordnance defense disposal program.
Sec. 1043. Notification on the provision of defense sensitive support.
Sec. 1044. Modification and technical correction of authority for 
                            deployment of members of the Armed Forces 
                            to the southern land border of the United 
                            States.
Sec. 1045. Limitation on use of funds for the inactivation of Army 
                            watercraft units.
Sec. 1046. Prohibition on use of funds for construction of a wall, 
                            fence, or other physical barrier along the 
                            southern border of the United States.
Sec. 1047. Expenditure of funds for Department of Defense intelligence 
                            and counterintelligence activities.
Sec. 1048. Limitation on use of funds to house children separated from 
                            parents.
Sec. 1049. Limitation on use of funds for providing housing for 
                            unaccompanied alien children.

          Subtitle F--National Defense Strategy Implementation

Sec. 1051. Short title.
Sec. 1052. Report on operational concepts and plans regarding strategic 
                            competitors.
Sec. 1053. Actions to increase analytic support.
Sec. 1054. Definitions.

                    Subtitle G--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1061. Report on transfers of equipment to prohibited entities.
Sec. 1062. Elimination of requirement to submit reports to Congress in 
                            paper format.
Sec. 1063. Modification of annual report on civilian casualties in 
                            connection with United States military 
                            operations.
Sec. 1064. Inclusion of certain individuals investigated by Inspectors 
                            General in the semiannual report.
Sec. 1065. Annual report on Joint Military Information Support 
                            Operations Web Operations Center.
Sec. 1066. Mobility capability requirements study.
Sec. 1067. Assessment of special operations force structure.
Sec. 1068. Army aviation strategic plan and modernization roadmap.
Sec. 1069. Report on ground-based long-range artillery to counter land 
                            and maritime threats.
Sec. 1070. Independent review of transportation working-capital fund.
Sec. 1071. Geographic command risk assessment of proposed use of 
                            certain aircraft capabilities.
Sec. 1072. Annual report on strikes undertaken by the United States 
                            against terrorist targets outside areas of 
                            active hostilities.
Sec. 1073. Termination of requirement for submittal to Congress of 
                            certain recurring reports.
Sec. 1074. Report on operational concepts and plans regarding strategic 
                            competitors.

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Submission to Congress of Department of Defense execute 
                            orders.
Sec. 1083. Extension of National Security Commission on Artificial 
                            Intelligence.
Sec. 1084. National Commission on Military Aviation Safety.
Sec. 1085. Extension of postage stamp for breast cancer research.
Sec. 1086. Processes and procedures for notifications regarding special 
                            operations forces.
Sec. 1087. Assessment of standards, processes, procedures, and policy 
                            relating to civilian casualties.
Sec. 1088. Disposal of IPv4 addresses.
Sec. 1089. Securing American science and technology.
Sec. 1090. Standardized policy guidance for calculating aircraft 
                            operation and sustainment costs.
Sec. 1091. Special Federal Aviation Regulation Working Group.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

Sec. 1101. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency personnel 
                            management authority.
Sec. 1102. Modification of probationary period for certain Department 
                            of Defense employees.
Sec. 1103. Civilian personnel management.
Sec. 1104. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
                            allowances, benefits, and gratuities to 
                            civilian personnel on official duty in a 
                            combat zone.
Sec. 1105. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation 
                            on premium pay and aggregate limitation on 
                            pay for federal civilian employees working 
                            overseas.
Sec. 1106. Performance of civilian functions by military personnel.
Sec. 1107. Extension of direct hire authority for domestic industrial 
                            base facilities and Major Range and Test 
                            Facilities Base.
Sec. 1108. Authority to provide additional allowances and benefits for 
                            certain Defense Clandestine Service 
                            employees.
Sec. 1109. Prohibited personnel practices.
Sec. 1110. Enhancement of antidiscrimination protections for Federal 
                            employees.
Sec. 1111. Modification of direct hire authorities for the Department 
                            of Defense.
Sec. 1112. Permitted disclosures by whistleblowers.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Modification of authority to build capacity of foreign 
                            security forces.
Sec. 1202. Modification and extension of cross servicing agreements for 
                            loan of personnel protection and personnel 
                            survivability equipment in coalition 
                            operations.
Sec. 1203. Modification of quarterly report on obligation and 
                            expenditure of funds for security 
                            cooperation programs and activities.
Sec. 1204. Integration of gender perspectives and meaningful 
                            participation by women in security 
                            cooperation authorities.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
                            certain coalition nations for support 
                            provided to United States military 
                            operations.
Sec. 1212. Modification and Extension of Afghan Special Immigrant Visa 
                            Program.
Sec. 1213. Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
                            provide defense services to the military 
                            and security forces of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1214. Extension and modification of authority to acquire products 
                            and services produced in countries along a 
                            major route of supply to Afghanistan.
Sec. 1215. Authority for certain payments to redress injury and loss in 
                            Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Somalia, Libya, 
                            and Yemen.
Sec. 1216. Extension of semiannual report on enhancing security and 
                            stability in Afghanistan.

         Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1221. Modification of authority to provide assistance to counter 
                            the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
Sec. 1222. Extension and modification of authority to provide 
                            assistance to the vetted Syrian opposition.
Sec. 1223. Extension and modification of authority to support 
                            operations and activities of the Office of 
                            Security Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1224. Prohibition on provision of weapons and other forms of 
                            support to certain organizations.
Sec. 1225. Rule of construction relating to use of military force 
                            against Iran.
Sec. 1226. Sense of Congress on support for Ministry of Peshmerga 
                            forces of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.

                 Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Russia

Sec. 1231. Prohibition on the use of funds to suspend, terminate, or 
                            withdraw the United States from the Open 
                            Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1232. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
                            United States and Russia.
Sec. 1233. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
                            of Russia over Crimea.
Sec. 1234. Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance 
                            Initiative.
Sec. 1235. Report on treaties relating to nuclear arms control.
Sec. 1236. Sense of Congress on updating and modernizing existing 
                            agreements to avert miscalculation between 
                            the United States and Russia.
Sec. 1237. Sense of Congress on support for Georgia.
Sec. 1238. Sense of Congress on support for Estonia, Latvia, and 
                            Lithuania.

        Subtitle E--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

Sec. 1241. Modification of Indo-Pacific Maritime Security Initiative.
Sec. 1242. Extension and modification of report on military and 
                            security developments involving North 
                            Korea.
Sec. 1243. Limitation on use of funds to reduce the total number of 
                            members of the Armed Forces serving on 
                            active duty who are deployed to South 
                            Korea.
Sec. 1244. Report on direct, indirect, and burden-sharing contributions 
                            of Japan and South Korea.
Sec. 1245. Report on strategy on the Philippines.
Sec. 1246. Modification of annual report on military and security 
                            developments involving the People's 
                            Republic of China.
Sec. 1247. Modification of annual report on military and security 
                            developments involving the People's 
                            Republic of China.
Sec. 1248. Sense of Congress on Taiwan.
Sec. 1249. Enhancing defense cooperation with Singapore.

            Subtitle F--Matters Relating to Europe and NATO

Sec. 1251. Extension and modification of NATO Special Operations 
                            Headquarters.
Sec. 1252. Modification and extension of future years plan and planning 
                            transparency for the European Deterrence 
                            Initiative.
Sec. 1253. Protection of European Deterrence Initiative funds from 
                            diversion for other purposes.
Sec. 1254. Statement of policy on United States military investment in 
                            Europe.
Sec. 1255. Limitation on transfer of F-35 aircraft to Turkey.
Sec. 1256. Report on value of investments in dual use infrastructure 
                            projects by NATO member states.
Sec. 1257. Sense of Congress on support for Poland.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1261. Sense of Congress on United States partners and allies.
Sec. 1262. Modification to report on legal and policy frameworks for 
                            the use of military force.
Sec. 1263. Limitation on availability of certain funds until report 
                            submitted on Department of Defense awards 
                            and disciplinary action as a result of the 
                            2017 incident in Niger.
Sec. 1264. Independent assessment of sufficiency of resources available 
                            to United States Southern Command and 
                            United States Africa Command.
Sec. 1265. Rule of construction relating to use of military force.
Sec. 1266. Rule of construction relating to use of military force 
                            against Venezuela.
Sec. 1267. Sense of Congress on acquisition by Turkey of Patriot 
                            system.

                   Subtitle H--Baltic Reassurance Act

Sec. 1271. Findings.
Sec. 1272. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 1273. Defense assessment.
Sec. 1274. Appropriate congressional committees defined.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Funding allocations.
Sec. 1302. Specification of cooperative threat reduction funds.

                    TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                     Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical agents and munitions destruction, defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1405. Defense health program.
Sec. 1406. National defense sealift fund.

                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 1411. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
                            Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs 
                            medical facility demonstration fund for 
                            Captain James A. Lovell Health Care Center, 
                            Illinois.
Sec. 1412. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
                            Home.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose.
Sec. 1502. Procurement.
Sec. 1503. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1504. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1505. Military personnel.
Sec. 1506. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1507. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1508. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1509. Defense Health Program.

                     Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1511. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1512. Special transfer authority.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1521. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.

     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. National Security Space Launch program.
Sec. 1602. Preparation to implement plan for use of allied launch 
                            vehicles.
Sec. 1603. Annual determination on plan on full integration and 
                            exploitation of overhead persistent 
                            infrared capability.
Sec. 1604. Space-based environmental monitoring mission requirements.
Sec. 1605. Prototype program for multi-global navigation satellite 
                            system receiver development.
Sec. 1606. Commercial space situational awareness capabilities.
Sec. 1607. Independent study on plan for deterrence in space.
Sec. 1608. Resilient enterprise ground architecture.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1611. Modifications to ISR Integration Council and annual briefing 
                            requirements.
Sec. 1612. Survey and report on alignment of intelligence collections 
                            capabilities and activities with Department 
                            of Defense requirements.
Sec. 1613. Modification of annual authorization of appropriations for 
                            National Flagship Language Initiative.

                 Subtitle C--Cyberspace-Related Matters

Sec. 1621. Notification requirements for sensitive military cyber 
                            operations.
Sec. 1622. Quarterly cyber operations briefings.
Sec. 1623. Cyber posture review.
Sec. 1624. Tier 1 exercise of support to civil authorities for a cyber 
                            incident.
Sec. 1625. Evaluation of cyber vulnerabilities of major weapon systems 
                            of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1626. Extension of the Cyberspace Solarium Commission.
Sec. 1627. Authority to use operation and maintenance funds for cyber 
                            operations-peculiar capability development 
                            projects.
Sec. 1628. Notification of delegation of authorities to the Secretary 
                            of Defense for military operations in 
                            cyberspace.
Sec. 1629. Limitation of funding for Consolidated Afloat Networks and 
                            Enterprise Services.
Sec. 1630. Annual military cyberspace operations report.
Sec. 1631. Report on synchronization of efforts relating to 
                            cybersecurity in the Defense Industrial 
                            Base.
Sec. 1632. Briefings on the status of the National Security Agency and 
                            United States Cyber Command partnership.

                       Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1641. Improvement to annual report on the modernization of the 
                            nuclear weapons enterprise.
Sec. 1642. Briefings on meetings held by the Nuclear Weapons Council.
Sec. 1643. Elimination of conventional requirement for long-range 
                            standoff weapon.
Sec. 1644. Extension of annual briefing on the costs of forward-
                            deploying nuclear weapons in Europe.
Sec. 1645. Ten-year extension of prohibition on availability of funds 
                            for mobile variant of ground-based 
                            strategic deterrent missile.
Sec. 1646. Prohibition on availability of funds for deployment of low-
                            yield ballistic missile warhead.
Sec. 1647. Report on military-to-military dialogue to reduce the risk 
                            of miscalculation leading to nuclear war.
Sec. 1648. Plan on nuclear command, control, and communications 
                            systems.
Sec. 1649. Independent study on policy of no-first-use of nuclear 
                            weapons.
Sec. 1650. Independent study on risks of nuclear terrorism and nuclear 
                            war.

                  Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1661. National missile defense policy.
Sec. 1662. Development of hypersonic and ballistic missile tracking 
                            space sensor payload.
Sec. 1663. Requirement for testing of redesigned kill vehicle prior to 
                            production.
Sec. 1664. Development of space-based ballistic missile intercept 
                            layer.
Sec. 1665. Organization, authorities, and billets of the Missile 
                            Defense Agency.
Sec. 1666. Missile defense interceptor site in contiguous United 
                            States.
Sec. 1667. Missile defense radar in Hawaii.
Sec. 1668. Limitation on availability of funds for lower tier air and 
                            missile sensor.
Sec. 1669. Command and control, battle management, and communications 
                            program.
Sec. 1670. Annual assessment of ballistic missile defense system.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1681. Modification to reports on certain solid rocket motors.
Sec. 1682. Repeal of review requirement for ammonium perchlorate 
                            report.
Sec. 1683. Repeal of requirement for commission on electromagnetic 
                            pulse attacks and similar events.
Sec. 1684. Conventional prompt global strike weapon system.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
                            specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.

                 TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2019 projects.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
Sec. 2205. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2017 project.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authorities to carry out phased Joint 
                            Intelligence Analysis Complex 
                            consolidation.
Sec. 2306. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2016 project.
Sec. 2307. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2017 project.
Sec. 2308. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2018 projects.
Sec. 2309. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2019 projects.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized energy resiliency and energy conservation 
                            projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.

                   TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

  Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

             Subtitle B--Host Country In-Kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.

            TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve 
                            construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
                            closure activities funded through 
                            Department of Defense base closure account.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--Military Construction Program Changes

Sec. 2801. Prohibition on use of military construction funds for 
                            construction of a wall, fence, or other 
                            physical barrier along the southern border 
                            of the United States.
Sec. 2802. Modification and clarification of construction authority in 
                            the event of a declaration of war or 
                            national emergency.
Sec. 2803. Inclusion of information regarding military installation 
                            resilience in master plans for major 
                            military installations.
Sec. 2804. Improved consultation with tribal governments when proposed 
                            military construction projects potentially 
                            impact Indian tribes.
Sec. 2805. Amendment of Unified Facilities Criteria to promote military 
                            installation resilience, energy resilience, 
                            energy and climate resiliency, and cyber 
                            resilience.
Sec. 2806. Modification to Department of Defense Form 1391 regarding 
                            consideration of potential long-term 
                            adverse environmental effects.

              Subtitle B--Military Family Housing Reforms

Sec. 2811. Enhanced protections for members of the Armed Forces and 
                            their dependents residing in privatized 
                            military housing units.
Sec. 2812. Prohibition on use of nondisclosure agreements in connection 
                            with leases of military housing constructed 
                            or acquired using alternative authority for 
                            acquisition and improvement of military 
                            housing.
Sec. 2813. Authority to furnish certain services in connection with use 
                            of alternative authority for acquisition 
                            and improvement of military housing.
Sec. 2814. Modification to requirements for window fall prevention 
                            devices in military family housing units.
Sec. 2815. Assessment of hazards in Department of Defense housing.
Sec. 2816. Development of process to identify and address environmental 
                            health hazards in Department of Defense 
                            housing.
Sec. 2817.  Report on civilian personnel shortages for appropriate 
                            oversight of management of military housing 
                            constructed or acquired using alternative 
                            authority for acquisition and improvement 
                            of military housing.
Sec. 2818. Inspector General review of Department of Defense oversight 
                            of privatized military housing.
Sec. 2819. Department of Defense inspection authority regarding 
                            privatized military housing.
Sec. 2820. Improvement of privatized military housing.

        Subtitle C--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2831. Improved energy security for main operating bases in Europe.
Sec. 2832. Access to Department of Defense facilities for credentialed 
                            transportation workers.

                      Subtitle D--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2841. Land conveyance, Hill Air Force Base, Utah.
Sec. 2842. Release of conditions and reversionary interest, Camp Joseph 
                            T. Robinson, Arkansas.
Sec. 2843. Modification of authorized uses of certain property conveyed 
                            by the United States in Los Angeles, 
                            California.

                 Subtitle E--Military Land Withdrawals

Sec. 2851. Public notice regarding upcoming periods of Secretary of the 
                            Navy management of Shared Use Area of the 
                            Johnson Valley Off-Highway Vehicle 
                            Recreation Area.

  Subtitle F--White Sands National Park and White Sands Missile Range

Sec. 2861. Short title.
Sec. 2862. Definitions.
Sec. 2863. Findings.
Sec. 2864. Establishment of White Sands National Park in the State of 
                            New Mexico.
Sec. 2865. Transfers of administrative jurisdiction related to the 
                            National Park and White Sands Missile 
                            Range.
Sec. 2866. Boundary modifications related to the National Park and 
                            Missile Range.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 2871. Installation and maintenance of fire extinguishers in 
                            Department of Defense facilities.
Sec. 2872. Definition of community infrastructure for purposes of 
                            military base reuse studies and community 
                            planning assistance.
Sec. 2873. Report on vulnerabilities from sea level rise to certain 
                            military installations located outside the 
                            continental United States.
Sec. 2874. Black start exercises at Joint Bases.

   TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2901. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2903. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2904. Authorized defense agencies construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2905. Authorization of appropriations.

      TITLE XXX--AUTHORIZATION OF EMERGENCY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 3001. Authorization of emergency Navy construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 3002. Authorization of emergency Air Force construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 3003. Authorization of emergency Army National Guard and Army 
                            Reserve construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

      TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

       Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

  Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, Limitations, and 
                             Other Matters

Sec. 3111. Personnel levels of the Office of the Administrator for 
                            Nuclear Security.
Sec. 3112. Office of Cost Estimating and Program Evaluation.
Sec. 3113. Clarification of certain Stockpile Responsiveness Program 
                            objectives.
Sec. 3114. Modification to plutonium pit production capacity.
Sec. 3115. Annual certification of shipments to Waste Isolation Pilot 
                            Plant.
Sec. 3116. Repeal of limitation on availability of funds for 
                            acceleration of nuclear weapons 
                            dismantlement.
Sec. 3117. Elimination of limitation on availability of funds relating 
                            to submission of annual reports on unfunded 
                            priorities.
Sec. 3118. Program for research and development of advanced naval 
                            nuclear fuel system based on low-enriched 
                            uranium.
Sec. 3119. Replacement of W78 warhead.
Sec. 3120. National Laboratory Jobs Access Program.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.
Sec. 3202. Improvements to Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.

                 TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                      TITLE XXXV--MARITIME MATTERS

                  Subtitle A--Maritime Administration

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Reauthorization of Maritime Security Program.
Sec. 3503. Maritime Occupational Safety and Health Advisory Committee.

                   Subtitle B--Tanker Security Fleet

Sec. 3511. Tanker Security Fleet.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.

        TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
                            contingency operations.

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
                            operations.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.

                    TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.

                   TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.

SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.

    In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, United 
States Code.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 
for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, the Air 
Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in the funding table 
in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Navy Programs

SEC. 111. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL REPORT ON COST TARGETS FOR CERTAIN 
              AIRCRAFT CARRIERS.

    Section 126(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2035) is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``and CVN-80'' 
        and inserting ``, CVN-80, and CVN-81'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``costs described in 
        subsection (b) for the CVN-79 and CVN-80'' and inserting ``cost 
        targets for the CVN-79, the CVN-80, and the CVN-81''; and
            (3) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking `` and the CVN-80'' and inserting ``, the CVN-
                80, and the CVN-81''
                    (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``costs 
                described in subsection (b)'' and inserting ``cost 
                targets'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``costs 
                specified in subsection (b)'' and inserting ``cost 
                targets''; and
                    (D) in subparagraph (G), by striking ``costs 
                specified in subsection (b)'' and inserting ``cost 
                targets''.

SEC. 112. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT TO ADHERE TO NAVY COST ESTIMATES FOR 
              CERTAIN AIRCRAFT CARRIERS.

    Section 122 of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 2104), as most 
recently amended by section 121(a) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 
1309), is repealed.

SEC. 113. FORD CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIER SUPPORT FOR F-35C AIRCRAFT.

    Before accepting delivery of the Ford class aircraft carrier 
designated CVN-79, the Secretary of the Navy shall ensure that the 
aircraft carrier is capable of operating and deploying with the F-35C 
aircraft.

SEC. 114. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR REDUCTION OF AIRCRAFT CARRIER 
              FORCE STRUCTURE.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Department of 
Defense may be obligated or expended to reduce the number of 
operational aircraft carriers of the Navy below the number specified in 
section 8062(b) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 115. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF AMPHIBIOUS TRANSPORT DOCK 
              DESIGNATED LPD-31.

    (a) In General.--Using funds authorized to be appropriated for the 
Department of Defense for Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, the 
Secretary of the Navy may enter into a contract, beginning with the 
fiscal year 2020 program year, for the design and construction of the 
amphibious transport dock designated LPD-31.
    (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the contract 
entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary may use incremental 
funding to make payments under the contract.
    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--The contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under such contract for any fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2020 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such later fiscal year.

SEC. 116. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS PENDING QUARTERLY UPDATES 
              ON THE CH-53K KING STALLION HELICOPTER PROGRAM.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for aircraft 
procurement, Navy, for the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter program, not 
more than 50 percent may be obligated or expended until a period of 30 
days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of the Navy 
provides the first briefing required under subsection (b).
    (b) Quarterly Briefings Required.--
            (1) In general.--Beginning not later than October 1, 2019, 
        and on a quarterly basis thereafter through October 1, 2022, 
        the Secretary of the Navy shall provide to the Committee on 
        Armed Services of the House of Representatives a briefing on 
        the progress of the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter program.
            (2) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) shall 
        include, with respect to the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter 
        program, the following:
                    (A) An overview of the program schedule.
                    (B) A statement of the total cost of the program as 
                of the date of the briefing, including the costs of 
                development, testing, and production.
                    (C) A comparison of the total cost of the program 
                relative to the approved acquisition program baseline.
                    (D) An assessment of flight testing under the 
                program, including identification of the number of test 
                events have been conducted on-time in accordance with 
                the joint integrated program schedule.
                    (E) An update on the correction of technical 
                deficiencies under the program, including--
                            (i) identification of the technical 
                        deficiencies that have been corrected as of the 
                        date of the briefing;
                            (ii) identification of the technical 
                        deficiencies that have been discovered, but not 
                        corrected, as of such date;
                            (iii) an estimate of the total cost of 
                        correcting technical deficiencies under the 
                        program; and
                            (iv) an explanation of any significant 
                        deviations from the testing and program 
                        schedule that are anticipated due to the 
                        discovery and correction of technical 
                        deficiencies.

SEC. 117. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR VH-92A HELICOPTER.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for procurement 
for the VH-92A helicopter, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or 
expended until the date on which the Secretary of Navy submits to the 
Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives the report 
required under subsection (b).
    (b) Report Required.--The Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives a report 
assessing the status of the VH-92A helicopter program industrial base 
and the potential impact of proposed manufacturing base changes on the 
acquisition program. The report shall include a description of--
            (1) estimated effects on the manufacturing readiness level 
        of the VH-92 program due to planned changes to the program 
        manufacturing base;
            (2) the estimated costs and assessment of cost risk to the 
        program due to planned changes to the program manufacturing 
        base;
            (3) any estimated schedule impacts, including impacts on 
        delivery dates for the remaining low-rate initial production 
        lots and full rate production, resulting from changes to the 
        manufacturing base;
            (4) an assessment of the effect of changes to the 
        manufacturing base on VH-92A sustainment; and
            (5) the impact of such changes on production and 
        sustainment capacity for the MH-60 and CH-53K helicopters of 
        the Navy.

SEC. 118. NATIONAL DEFENSE RESERVE FLEET VESSEL.

    (a) In General.--Subject to the availability of appropriations, the 
Secretary of the Navy, acting through the executive agent described in 
subsection (e), shall seek to enter into a contract for the 
construction of one sealift vessel for the National Defense Reserve 
Fleet.
    (b) Delivery Date.--The contract entered into under subsection (a) 
shall specify a delivery date for the sealift vessel of not later than 
September 30, 2026.
    (c) Design and Construction Requirements.--
            (1) Use of existing design.--The design of the sealift 
        vessel shall be based on a domestic or foreign design that 
        exists as of the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Commercial standards and practices.--Subject to 
        paragraph (1), the sealift vessel shall be constructed using 
        commercial design standards and commercial construction 
        practices that are consistent with the best interests of the 
        Federal Government.
            (3) Domestic shipyard.--The sealift vessel shall be 
        constructed in a shipyard that is located in the United States.
    (d) Certificate and Endorsement.--The sealift vessel shall meet the 
requirements necessary to receive a certificate of documentation and a 
coastwise endorsement under chapter 121 of tile 46, United States Code, 
and the Secretary of the Navy shall ensure that the completed vessel 
receives such a certificate and endorsement.
    (e) Executive Agent.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy shall seek to 
        enter into a contract or other agreement with a private-sector 
        entity under which the entity shall act as executive agent for 
        the Secretary for purposes of the contract under subsection 
        (a).
            (2) Responsibilities.--The executive agent described in 
        paragraph (1) shall be responsible for--
                    (A) selecting a shipyard for the construction of 
                the sealift vessel;
                    (B) managing and overseeing the construction of the 
                sealift vessel; and
                    (C) such other matters as the Secretary of the Navy 
                determines to be appropriate
    (f) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the contract 
entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary of the Navy may use 
incremental funding to make payments under the contract.
    (g) Sealift Vessel Defined.--In this section, the term ``sealift 
vessel'' means the sealift vessel constructed for the National Defense 
Reserve Fleet pursuant to the contract entered into under subsection 
(a).

                     Subtitle C--Air Force Programs

SEC. 121. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENT TO PRESERVE CERTAIN C-5 AIRCRAFT.

    Section 141(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1661) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``until the date that is 
        30 days after the date on which the briefing under section 
        144(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2018 is provided to the congressional defense 
        committees''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``can be returned to 
        service'' and inserting ``is inducted into or maintained in 
        type 1000 recallable storage''.

SEC. 122. MODIFICATION OF LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR KC-46A 
              AIRCRAFT.

    Section 146(a)(1) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is amended 
by striking ``the military type certification'' and inserting ``either 
the military type certification or a military flight release''.

SEC. 123. F-15EX AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    (a) Designation of Major Subprogram.--In accordance with section 
2430a of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall 
designate the F-15EX program as a major subprogram of the F-15 aircraft 
program.
    (b) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (c), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force may be obligated or 
expended to procure an F-15EX aircraft until a period of 30 days has 
elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force 
submits to the congressional defense committees the following 
documentation relating to the F-15EX program:
            (1) A program acquisition strategy.
            (2) An acquisition program baseline.
            (3) A test and evaluation master plan.
            (4) A life-cycle sustainment plan.
            (5) A post-production fielding strategy.
    (c) Exception for Production of Prototypes.--
            (1) In general.--Notwithstanding subsection (b), the 
        Secretary of the Air Force may use the funds described in 
        paragraph (2) to develop, produce, and test not more than two 
        prototypes of the F-15EX aircraft.
            (2) Funds described.--The funds described in this paragraph 
        are funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
        otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force 
        for any of the following:
                    (A) Research and development, nonrecurring 
                engineering.
                    (B) Aircraft procurement.
    (d) F-15EX Program Defined.--In this section, the term ``F-15EX 
program'' means the F-15EX aircraft program of the Air Force as 
described in the materials submitted to Congress by the Secretary of 
Defense in support of the budget of the President for fiscal year 2020 
(as submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, United 
States Code).

SEC. 124. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR REDUCTION IN KC-10 
              PRIMARY MISSION AIRCRAFT INVENTORY.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force may be 
obligated or expended to reduce the number of KC-10 aircraft in the 
primary mission aircraft inventory of the Air Force.

SEC. 125. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR VC-25B AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 or any 
subsequent fiscal year for the Air Force may be obligated or expended 
to carry out over-and-above work on the VC-25B aircraft until the date 
on which the Secretary of the Air Force certifies to the congressional 
defense committees that--
            (1) with respect to work relating to aircraft paint scheme, 
        interiors and livery, such work will not result in changes to 
        the VC-25B aircraft that cause the aircraft to exceed--
                    (A) the specification requirements applicable to 
                the VC-25A aircraft; or
                    (B) the quality or grade of the VC-25A aircraft;
            (2) the livery for the VC-25B aircraft will comply with the 
        criteria set forth in the report of the Boeing Company titled 
        ``Phase II Aircraft Livery and Paint Study Final Report'' as 
        submitted to the Federal Government in April 2017;
            (3) such work is not a result of late design changes made 
        by the Federal Government to the interior design of the VC-25B 
        aircraft; and
            (4) such work is not a result of rework that exceeds the 
        criteria set forth in the report of the Boeing Company titled 
        ``Presidential Quality Interior Acceptance Standards Report'' 
        as submitted to the Federal Government in September 2018.
    (b) Over-and-above Work Defined.--In this section, the term ``over-
and-above work'' means work discovered during the course of performing 
overhaul, maintenance, or repair efforts that--
            (1) is within the general scope of the contract pursuant to 
        which such efforts are carried out;
            (2) is not covered by a line item for the basic work under 
        the contract; and
            (3) is necessary in order to satisfactorily complete the 
        contract.

SEC. 126. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF RC-135 
              AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force may be obligated or 
expended to retire, or prepare to retire, any RC-135 aircraft until a 
period of 60 days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary 
of Defense certifies to the congressional defense committees that--
            (1) technologies other than the RC-135 aircraft provide 
        capacity and capabilities equivalent to the capacity and 
        capabilities of the RC-135 aircraft; and
            (2) the capacity and capabilities of such other 
        technologies meet the requirements of combatant commanders with 
        respect to indications and warning, intelligence preparation of 
        the operational environment, and direct support for kinetic and 
        nonkinetic operations.
    (b) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not apply to 
individual RC-135 aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force 
determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no longer mission capable 
because of mishaps, other damage, or being uneconomical to repair.

SEC. 127. REPORT ON AIRCRAFT FLEET OF THE CIVIL AIR PATROL.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the aircraft fleet of the 
Civil Air Patrol.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
an assessment of each of the following:
            (1) Whether the number of aircraft, types of aircraft, and 
        operating locations that comprise the Civil Air Patrol fleet 
        are suitable for the missions and responsibilities assigned to 
        the Civil Air Patrol, including--
                    (A) flight proficiency and training;
                    (B) operational mission training; and
                    (C) support for cadet orientation and cadet flight 
                training programs in the Civil Air Patrol wing of each 
                State.
            (2) The ideal overall size of the Civil Air Patrol aircraft 
        fleet, including a description of the factors used to determine 
        that ideal size.
            (3) The process used by the Civil Air Patrol and the Air 
        Force to determine the number and location of aircraft 
        operating locations and whether State Civil Air Patrol wing 
        commanders are appropriately involved in that process.
            (4) The process used by the Civil Air Patrol, the Air 
        Force, and other relevant entities to determine the type and 
        number of aircraft that are needed to support the emergency, 
        operational, and training missions of the Civil Air Patrol.

       Subtitle D--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

SEC. 131. ECONOMIC ORDER QUANTITY CONTRACTING AND BUY-TO-BUDGET 
              ACQUISITION FOR F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    (a) Economic Order Quantity Contract Authority.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraphs (2) through (5), 
        from amounts made available for obligation under the F-35 
        aircraft program for fiscal year 2020, the Secretary of Defense 
        may enter into one or more contracts, beginning with the fiscal 
        year 2020 program year, for the procurement of economic order 
        quantities of material and equipment that has completed formal 
        hardware qualification testing for the F-35 aircraft program 
        for use in procurement contracts to be awarded for such program 
        during fiscal years 2021, 2022, and 2023.
            (2) Limitation.--The total amount obligated under all 
        contracts entered into under paragraph (1) shall not exceed 
        $574,000,000.
            (3) Preliminary findings.--Before entering into a contract 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall make each 
        of the following findings with respect to such contract:
                    (A) The use of such a contract will result in 
                significant savings of the total anticipated costs of 
                carrying out the program through annual contracts.
                    (B) The minimum need for the property to be 
                procured is expected to remain substantially unchanged 
                during the contemplated contract period in terms of 
                production rate, procurement rate, and total 
                quantities.
                    (C) There is a reasonable expectation that, 
                throughout the contemplated contract period, the 
                Secretary will request funding for the contract at the 
                level required to avoid contract cancellation.
                    (D) That there is a stable, certified, and 
                qualified design for the property to be procured and 
                that the technical risks and redesign risks associated 
                with such property are low.
                    (E) The estimates of both the cost of the contract 
                and the anticipated cost avoidance through the use of 
                an economic order quantity contract are realistic.
                    (F) Entering into the contract will promote the 
                national security interests of the United States.
            (4) Certification requirement.--Except as provided in 
        paragraph (5), the Secretary of Defense may not enter into a 
        contract under paragraph (1) until a period of 30 days has 
        elapsed following the date on which the Secretary certifies to 
        the congressional defense committees, in writing, that each of 
        the following conditions is satisfied:
                    (A) A sufficient number of end items of the system 
                being acquired under such contract have been delivered 
                at or within the most recently available estimates of 
                the program acquisition unit cost or procurement unit 
                cost for such system to determine that the estimates of 
                the unit costs are realistic.
                    (B) During the fiscal year in which such contract 
                is to be awarded, sufficient funds will be available to 
                perform the contract in such fiscal year, and the 
                future-years defense program submitted to Congress 
                under section 221 of title 10, United States Code, for 
                that fiscal year will include the funding required to 
                execute the program without cancellation.
                    (C) The contract is a fixed-price type contract.
                    (D) The proposed contract provides for production 
                at not less than minimum economic rates given the 
                existing tooling and facilities.
                    (E) The Secretary has determined that each of the 
                conditions described in subparagraphs (A) through (F) 
                of paragraph (3) will be met by such contract and has 
                provided the basis for such determination to the 
                congressional defense committees.
                    (F) The determination under subparagraph (E) was 
                made after the completion of a cost analysis performed 
                by the Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
                Evaluation for the purpose of section 2334 of title 10, 
                United States Code, and the analysis supports that 
                determination.
            (5) Exception.--Notwithstanding paragraph (4), the 
        Secretary of Defense may enter into a contract under paragraph 
        (1) on or after March 1, 2020, if--
                    (A) the Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
                Evaluation has not completed a cost analysis of the 
                preliminary findings made by the Secretary under 
                paragraph (3) with respect to the contract;
                    (B) the Secretary certifies to the congressional 
                defense committees, in writing, that each of the 
                conditions described in subparagraphs (A) through (E) 
                of paragraph (4) is satisfied; and
                    (C) a period of 30 days has elapsed following the 
                date on which the Secretary submits the certification 
                under subparagraph (B).
    (b) Buy-to-budget Acquisition.--Subject to section 2308 of title 
10, United States Code, using funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act for the procurement of F-35 aircraft, the Secretary of Defense 
may procure a quantity of F-35 aircraft in excess of the quantity 
authorized by this Act if such additional procurement does not require 
additional funds to be authorized to be appropriated because of 
production efficiencies or other cost reductions.

SEC. 132. PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS FOR THE F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    (a) Designation of Major Subprogram.--In accordance with section 
2430a of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall 
designate F-35 Block 4 as a major subprogram of the F-35 aircraft 
program.
    (b) Cost Estimates.--
            (1) Joint cost estimate.--The Secretary of the Air Force 
        and the Secretary of the Navy shall jointly develop a joint 
        service cost estimate for the life-cycle costs of the F-35 
        aircraft program.
            (2) Independent cost estimate.--The Director of Cost 
        Assessment and Program Evaluation shall develop an independent 
        cost estimate for the life-cycle costs of the F-35 aircraft 
        program.
            (3) Submittal to congress.--The cost estimates required 
        under paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be submitted to the 
        congressional defense committees not later than 180 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Revision of Program Elements.--
            (1) Revision required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        revise the program elements applicable to the F-35 aircraft 
        program as follows:
                    (A) Research and development.--The program element 
                for research and development costs (as that element was 
                specified in the materials submitted to Congress by the 
                Secretary of Defense in support of the budget of the 
                President for fiscal year 2020 (as submitted to 
                Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, United 
                States Code)) shall be separated into the following 
                individual program elements:
                            (i) System development and demonstration 
                        closeout.
                            (ii) F-35 Block 4.
                            (iii) Autonomic logistics information 
                        system development and upgrades.
                            (iv) Dual-capable aircraft.
                            (v) Test infrastructure.
                            (vi) Additional program budget elements, as 
                        required, for each modernization or upgrade 
                        effort initiated after F-35 Block 4.
                    (B) Procurement.--The program element for 
                procurement costs (as that element was specified in the 
                materials submitted to Congress by the Secretary of 
                Defense in support of the budget of the President for 
                fiscal year 2020 (as submitted to Congress under 
                section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code)) shall 
                be separated into the following individual program 
                elements:
                            (i) Recurring fly-away and ancillary 
                        equipment.
                            (ii) Non-recurring fly-away and ancillary 
                        equipment.
                            (iii) F-35 Block 4.
                            (iv) Autonomic logistics information 
                        system.
                            (v) Dual-capable aircraft.
                            (vi) Engineering support.
                            (vii) Aircraft retrofit and modification.
                            (viii) Depot activation.
                            (ix) Initial spares.
                            (x) Production support.
            (2) Inclusion in budget materials.--The Secretary of 
        Defense shall ensure that each revised program element 
        described in paragraph (1) is included, with a specific dollar 
        amount, in the materials relating to the F-35 aircraft program 
        submitted to Congress by the Secretary of Defense in support of 
        the budget of the President (as submitted to Congress under 
        section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code) for fiscal 
        year 2021 and each fiscal year thereafter until the date on 
        which the F-35 aircraft program terminates.
    (d) Comptroller General Reports.--
            (1) Annual report required.--Not later than 30 days after 
        the date on which the budget of the President is submitted to 
        Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, 
        for each of fiscal years 2021 through 2025, the Comptroller 
        General of the United States shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report on the F-35 aircraft program.
            (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include, with respect to the F-35 aircraft program, the 
        following:
                    (A) An assessment of the progress of manufacturing 
                processes improvement under the program.
                    (B) The business case analysis of the Department of 
                Defense for F-35 Block 4 follow-on modernization 
                efforts.
                    (C) The progress and results of F-35 Block 4 and 
                other follow-on modernization development and testing 
                efforts.
                    (D) The Department's schedule for delivering 
                software upgrades in six-month, scheduled increments.
                    (E) The progress and results of any other 
                significant hardware development and fielding efforts 
                necessary for F-35 Block 4.
                    (F) Any other issues the Comptroller General 
                determines to be appropriate.
    (e) F-35 Block 4 Defined.--In this section, the term ``F-35 Block 
4'' means Block 4 capability upgrades for the F-35 aircraft program as 
described in the Selected Acquisition Report for the program submitted 
to Congress in March 2019, pursuant to section 2432 of title 10, United 
States Code.

SEC. 133. REPORTS ON F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    (a) Report on F-35 Reliability and Maintainability Metrics.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the reliability and maintainability metrics for 
the F-35 aircraft. The report shall include the following:
            (1) The results of a review and assessment, conducted by 
        the program office for the F-35 aircraft program, of the 
        reliability and maintainability metrics for the aircraft as set 
        forth in the most recent operational requirements document for 
        the program.
            (2) A determination of whether the reliability and 
        maintainability metrics for the aircraft, as set forth in the 
        most recent operational requirements document for the program, 
        are feasible and attainable, and what changes, if any, will be 
        made to update the metrics.
            (3) A certification that the program office for the F-35 
        aircraft program has revised the reliability and 
        maintainability improvement plan for the aircraft--
                    (A) to identify specific and measurable reliability 
                and maintainability objectives in the improvement plan 
                guidance; and
                    (B) to identify and document which projects 
                included in the improvement plan will achieve the 
                objectives identified under subparagraph (A).
    (b) Report on F-35 Block 4.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a report on F-35 Block 4. 
        The report shall include the following:
                    (A) The results of an independent cost estimate for 
                F-35 Block 4 conducted by the Director of Cost 
                Assessment and Program Evaluation.
                    (B) A test and evaluation master plan, approved by 
                the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, that 
                addresses testing resources, testing aircraft 
                shortfalls, and testing funding.
                    (C) A technology readiness assessment of all 
                technologies and capabilities planned for F-35 Block 4 
                conducted by the Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Research and Engineering.
                    (D) A review of the feasibility of the continuous 
                capability development and delivery strategy for 
                fielding F-35 Block 4 technologies conducted by the 
                Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
                Engineering.
            (2) F-35 block 4 defined.--In this subsection, the term 
        ``F-35 Block 4'' has the meaning given that term in section 
        132(e).
    (c) Report on F-35 Autonomic Logistics Information System.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the autonomic logistics information system of 
the F-35 aircraft. The report shall include a description of each of 
the following:
            (1) All shortfalls, capability gaps, and deficiencies in 
        the system that have been identified as of the date of the 
        enactment of this Act.
            (2) The strategy and performance requirements that will be 
        implemented to improve the system.
            (3) The strategy, implementation plan, schedule, and 
        estimated costs of developing and fielding--
                    (A) the next generation of the system; or
                    (B) future increments of the system.
    (d) Deadline for Submittal.--The reports required under subsections 
(a) through (c) shall be submitted to the congressional defense 
committees not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 
4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

SEC. 211. PROGRAM ON ENHANCEMENT OF PREPARATION OF DEPENDENTS OF 
              MEMBERS OF ARMED FORCES FOR CAREERS IN SCIENCE, 
              TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS.

    (a) Program Required.--Chapter 111 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by inserting after section 2192a the following new section:
``Sec. 2192b. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of 
              members of armed forces for careers in science, 
              technology, engineering, and mathematics
    ``(a) Program Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
program to--
            ``(1) enhance the preparation of students at covered 
        schools for careers in science, technology, engineering, and 
        mathematics; and
            ``(2) provide assistance to teachers at covered schools to 
        enhance preparation described in paragraph (1).
    ``(b) Coordination.--In carrying out the program, the Secretary 
shall coordinate with the following:
            ``(1) The Secretaries of the military departments.
            ``(2) The Secretary of Education.
            ``(3) The National Science Foundation.
            ``(4) Other organizations as the Secretary of Defense 
        considers appropriate.
    ``(c) Activities.--Activities under the program may include the 
following:
            ``(1) Establishment of targeted internships and cooperative 
        research opportunities at defense laboratories and other 
        technical centers for students and teachers at covered schools.
            ``(2) Establishment of scholarships and fellowships for 
        students at covered schools.
            ``(3) Efforts and activities that improve the quality of 
        science, technology, engineering, and mathematics educational 
        and training opportunities for students and teachers at covered 
        schools, including with respect to improving the development of 
        curricula at covered schools.
            ``(4) Development of travel opportunities, demonstrations, 
        mentoring programs, and informal science education for students 
        and teachers at covered schools.
    ``(d) Metrics.--The Secretary shall establish outcome-based metrics 
and internal and external assessments to evaluate the merits and 
benefits of activities conducted under the program with respect to the 
needs of the Department of Defense.
    ``(e) Covered Schools Defined.--In this section, the term `covered 
schools' means elementary or secondary schools at which the Secretary 
determines a significant number of dependents of members of the armed 
forces are enrolled.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
2192a the following new item:

``2192b. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of members 
                            of armed forces for careers in science, 
                            technology, engineering, and 
                            mathematics.''.
    (c) Conforming Repeal.--Section 233 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
(Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 2193a note) is repealed.

SEC. 212. TEMPORARY INCLUSION OF JOINT ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CENTER 
              OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE IN PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT 
              AUTHORITY TO ATTRACT EXPERTS IN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 1599h of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(6) Joint artificial intelligence center.--The Director 
        of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center may carry out a 
        program of personnel management authority provided in 
        subsection (b) in order to facilitate recruitment of eminent 
        experts in science or engineering for the Center. The authority 
        to carry out the program under this paragraph shall terminate 
        on December 31, 2024.''.
    (b) Scope of Appointment Authority.--Subsection (b)(1) of such 
section is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (E), by adding ``and'' at the end; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(F) in the case of the Joint Artificial 
                Intelligence Center, appoint scientists and engineers 
                to a total of not more than 5 scientific and 
                engineering positions in the Center;''.
    (c) Extension of Terms of Appointment.--Subsection (c)(2) of such 
section is amended by striking ``or the Defense Innovation Unit 
Experimental'' and inserting ``the Defense Innovation Unit 
Experimental, or the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center''.

SEC. 213. JOINT HYPERSONICS TRANSITION OFFICE.

    Section 218 of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``the program required 
        under subsection (b), and shall'' and inserting ``the program 
        and activities described in subsections (d) through (g), and 
        shall'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (b) through (e) as 
        subsections (d) through (g), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsections:
    ``(b) Director.--There is a Director of the Office (referred to in 
this section as the `Director'). The Director shall be appointed by the 
Secretary of Defense and shall serve as the senior official in the 
Department of Defense with principal responsibility for carrying out 
the program and activities described in subsections (d) through (g). 
The Director shall report to the Assistant Director for Hypersonics 
within the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering.
    ``(c) University Consortium.--
            ``(1) Designation.--The Director shall designate a 
        consortium of institutions of higher education (as that term is 
        defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
        U.S.C. 1001)) to lead foundational hypersonic research in 
        research areas that the Director determines to be appropriate 
        for the Department of Defense.
            ``(2) Availability of information.--The Director shall 
        ensure that the research results and reports of the consortium 
        are made available across the Federal Government, the private 
        sector, and academia, consistent with appropriate security 
        classification guidance.'';
            (4) in subsection (d), by striking ``The Office'' and 
        inserting ``The Director'';
            (5) in subsection (e), as so redesignated--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``program required by subsection (b), the 
                Office'' and inserting ``program required by subsection 
                (d), the Director'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3)(A), by striking ``private 
                sector'' and inserting ``private-sector academic''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (5), by striking ``certified under 
                subsection (e) as being consistent with the roadmap 
                under subsection (d)'' and inserting ``certified under 
                subsection (g) as being consistent with the roadmap 
                under subsection (f)'';
            (6) in subsection (f), as so redesignated--
                    (A) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (C)--
                                    (I) in clause (i), by striking 
                                ``and'' at the end;
                                    (II) in clause (ii), by striking 
                                the period at the end and inserting ``; 
                                and''; and
                                    (III) by adding at the end the 
                                following new clause:
                            ``(iii) the activities and resources of the 
                        consortium designated by the Director under 
                        subsection (c) to be leveraged by the 
                        Department to meet such goals.''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (D), by striking 
                        ``facilities'' both places it appears and 
                        inserting ``facilities and infrastructure''; 
                        and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(4) Submittal to congress.--
                    ``(A) Initial submission.--Not later than 180 days 
                after the date of the enactment of this paragraph, the 
                Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
                defense committees the roadmap developed under 
                paragraph (1).
                    ``(B) Subsequent submissions.--The Secretary of 
                Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
                committees each roadmap revised under paragraph (1) 
                together with the budget submitted to Congress under 
                section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, for the 
                fiscal year concerned.'';
            (7) in subsection (g), as so redesignated--
                    (A) by striking ``subsection (d)'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``subsection (f)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A), by striking ``The Office'' and insert 
                        ``The Director'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A) by striking 
                        ``research, development, test, and evaluation 
                        and demonstration programs within the 
                        Department of Defense'' and inserting 
                        ``defense-wide research, development, test, and 
                        evaluation and demonstration programs''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``the hypersonics'' and inserting ``all 
                        hypersonics'';
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``The Office'' 
                and inserting ``The Director''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (3), by striking ``2016'' and 
                inserting ``2026''; and
            (8) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(h) Funding.--The Secretary may make available such funds to the 
Office for basic research, applied research, advanced technology 
development, prototyping, studies and analyses, and organizational 
support as the Secretary considers appropriate to support the efficient 
and effective development of hypersonics technologies and transition of 
those systems and technologies into acquisition programs or operational 
use.''.

SEC. 214. MODIFICATION OF PROOF OF CONCEPT COMMERCIALIZATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Extension of Program.--Section 1603(g) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 
2359 note) is amended by striking ``2019'' and inserting ``2024''.
    (b) Additional Improvements.--Section 1603 of such Act, as amended 
by subsection (a), is further amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``of dual-use 
        technology'' after ``commercialization'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by inserting ``of Dual-Use Technology'' before 
                ``Program''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``with a focus on priority defense 
                technology areas that attract public and private sector 
                funding, as well as private sector investment capital, 
                including from venture capital firms in the United 
                States,'' before ``in accordance'';
            (3) in subsection (c)(4)(A)(iv), by inserting ``, which may 
        include access to venture capital'' after ``award'';
            (4) by striking subsection (d);
            (5) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d);
            (6) by striking subsection (f); and
            (7) by adding at the end the following new subsection (e):
    ``(e) Authorities.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary may 
use the following authorities:
            ``(1) Section 1599g of title 10 of the United States Code, 
        relating to public-private talent exchanges.
            ``(2) Section 2368 of such title, relating to Centers for 
        Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnerships.
            ``(3) Section 2374a of such title, relating to prizes for 
        advanced technology achievements.
            ``(4) Section 2474 of such title, relating to Centers of 
        Industrial and Technical Excellence.
            ``(5) Section 2521 of such title, relating to the 
        Manufacturing Technology Program.
            ``(6) Section 225 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note).
            ``(7) Section 1711 of such Act (Public Law 115-91; 10 
        U.S.C. 2505 note), relating to a pilot program on strengthening 
        manufacturing in the defense industrial base.
            ``(8) Section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology 
        Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) and section 6305 of 
        title 31, United States Code, relating to cooperative research 
        and development agreements.''.

SEC. 215. CONTRACT FOR NATIONAL SECURITY RESEARCH STUDIES.

    (a) Contract Authority.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall 
seek to enter into a contract with a federally funded research and 
development center under which the private scientific advisory group 
known as ``JASON'' will provide national security research studies to 
the Department of Defense.
    (b) Terms of Contract.--The contract entered into under subsection 
(a) shall be an indefinite delivery-indefinite quantity contract with 
terms substantially similar to the terms of the contract in effect 
before March 28, 2019, under which JASON provided national security 
research studies to the Department of Defense (solicitation number 
HQ0034-19-R-0011 for JASON National Security Research Studies).
    (c) Termination.--The Secretary of Defense may not terminate the 
contract under subsection (a) until a period of 90 days has elapsed 
following the date on which the Secretary notifies the congressional 
defense committees of the intent of the Secretary to terminate the 
contract.

SEC. 216. JASON SCIENTIFIC ADVISORY GROUP.

    Pursuant to section 173 of title 10, United States Code, the 
Secretary of Defense shall seek to engage the members of the private 
scientific advisory group known as ``JASON'' as advisory personnel to 
provide advice, on an ongoing basis, on matters involving science, 
technology, and national security, including methods to defeat 
existential and technologically-amplified threats to national security.

SEC. 217. DIRECT AIR CAPTURE AND BLUE CARBON REMOVAL TECHNOLOGY 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) Program Authorized.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
        with the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of 
        Energy, and the heads of such other Federal agencies as the 
        Secretary of Defense considers appropriate, may carry out a 
        program on research, development, testing, evaluation, study, 
        and demonstration of technologies related to blue carbon 
        capture and direct air capture.
            (2) Program goals.--The goals of the program established 
        under paragraph (1) are as follows:
                    (A) To develop technologies that capture carbon 
                dioxide from seawater and the air to turn such carbon 
                dioxide into clean fuels to enhance fuel and energy 
                security.
                    (B) To develop and demonstrate technologies that 
                capture carbon dioxide from seawater and the air to 
                reuse such carbon dioxide to create products for 
                military uses.
                    (C) To develop direct air capture technologies for 
                use--
                            (i) at military installations or facilities 
                        of the Department of Defense; or
                            (ii) in modes of transportation by the Navy 
                        or the Coast Guard.
            (3) Phases.--The program established under paragraph (1) 
        shall be carried out in two phases as follows:
                    (A) The first phase may consist of research and 
                development and shall be carried out as described in 
                subsection (b).
                    (B) The second phase shall consist of testing and 
                evaluation and shall be carried out as described in 
                subsection (c), if the Secretary determines that the 
                results of the research and development phase justify 
                implementing the testing and evaluation phase.
            (4) Designation.--The program established under paragraph 
        (1) shall be known as the ``Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon 
        Removal Technology Program'' (in this section referred to as 
        the ``Program'').
    (b) Research and Development Phase.--
            (1) In general.--During the research and development phase 
        of the Program, the Secretary of Defense may conduct research 
        and development in pursuit of the goals set forth in subsection 
        (a)(2).
            (2) Direct air capture.--The research and development phase 
        of the Program may include, with respect to direct air capture, 
        a front end engineering and design study that includes an 
        evaluation of direct air capture designs to produce fuel for 
        use--
                    (A) at military installations or facilities of the 
                Department of Defense; or
                    (B) in modes of transportation by the Navy or the 
                Coast Guard.
            (3) Duration.--The Secretary may carry out the research and 
        development phase of the Program commencing not later than 90 
        days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (4) Grants authorized.--The Secretary may carry out the 
        research and development phase of the Program through the award 
        of grants to private persons and eligible laboratories.
            (5) Report required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the completion of the research and development phase of 
        the Program, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on 
        the research and development carried out under the Program.
    (c) Testing and Evaluation Phase.--
            (1) In general.--During the testing and evaluation phase of 
        the Program, the Secretary may, in pursuit of the goals set 
        forth in subsection (a)(2), conduct tests and evaluations of 
        the technologies researched and developed during the research 
        and development phase of the Program.
            (2) Direct air capture.--The testing and evaluation phase 
        of the Program may include demonstration projects for direct 
        air capture to produce fuel for use--
                    (A) at military installations or facilities of the 
                Department of Defense; or
                    (B) in modes of transportation by the Navy or the 
                Coast Guard.
            (3) Duration.--Subject to subsection (a)(3)(B), the 
        Secretary may carry out the testing and evaluation phase of the 
        Program commencing on the date of the completion of the 
        research and development phase described in subsection (b), 
        except that the testing and evaluation phase of the Program 
        with respect to direct air capture may commence at such time 
        after a front end engineering and design study demonstrates to 
        the Secretary that commencement of such phase is appropriate.
            (4) Grants authorized.--The Secretary may carry out the 
        testing and evaluation phase of the Program through the award 
        of grants to private persons and eligible laboratories.
            (5) Locations.--The Secretary shall carry out the testing 
        and evaluation phase of the Program at military installations 
        or facilities of the Department of Defense.
            (6) Report required.--Not later than September 30, 2026, 
        the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the findings 
        of the Secretary with respect to the effectiveness of the 
        technologies tested and evaluated under the Program.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Blue carbon capture.--The term ``blue carbon capture'' 
        means the removal of dissolved carbon dioxide from seawater 
        through engineered or inorganic processes, including filters, 
        membranes, or phase change systems.
            (2) Direct air capture.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``direct air capture'', 
                with respect to a facility, technology, or system, 
                means that the facility, technology, or system uses 
                carbon capture equipment to capture carbon dioxide 
                directly from the air.
                    (B) Exclusion.--The term ``direct air capture'' 
                does not include any facility, technology, or system 
                that captures carbon dioxide--
                            (i) that is deliberately released from a 
                        naturally occurring subsurface spring; or
                            (ii) using natural photosynthesis.
            (3) Eligible laboratory.--The term ``eligible laboratory'' 
        means--
                    (A) a National Laboratory (as defined in section 2 
                of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15801)); or
                    (B) the science and technology reinvention 
                laboratories (as designated under section 1105 of the 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 
                (Public Law 111-84 ; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note));
                    (C) the Major Range and Test Facility Base (as 
                defined in section 2358a(f)(3) of title 10, United 
                States Code); and
                    (D) other facilities that support the research 
                development, test, and evaluation activities of the 
                Department of Defense or Department of Energy.

SEC. 218. FOREIGN MALIGN INFLUENCE OPERATIONS RESEARCH PROGRAM.

    (a) Program Required.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall carry 
out a research program on foreign malign influence operations research 
as part of the university and other basic research programs of the 
Department of Defense (such as the Minerva Research Initiative).
    (b) Program Objectives.--The objectives of the research program 
shall be the following:
            (1) To enhance the understanding of foreign malign 
        influence operations, including activities conducted on social 
        media platforms.
            (2) To facilitate the compilation, analysis, and storage of 
        publicly available or voluntarily provided indicators of 
        foreign malign influence operations, including those appearing 
        on social media platforms, for the purposes of additional 
        research.
            (3) To promote the development of best practices relating 
        to tactics, techniques, procedures, and technology for the 
        protection of the privacy of the customers and users of the 
        social media platforms and the proprietary information of the 
        social media companies in conducting research and analysis or 
        compiling and storing indicators and key trends of foreign 
        malign influence operations on social media platforms.
            (4) To promote collaborative research and information 
        exchange with other relevant entities within the Department and 
        with other agencies relating to foreign malign influence 
        operations.
    (c) Program Activities.--In order to achieve the objectives 
specified in subsection (b), the Secretary is authorized to carry out 
the following activities:
            (1) The Secretary may award research grants to eligible 
        individuals and entities on a competitive basis.
            (2) The Secretary may award financial assistance to 
        graduate students on a competitive basis.
    (d) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
progress of the Secretary in carrying out the research program under 
this section, including a description of the activities and research 
conducted as part of the program.

SEC. 219. SENSOR DATA INTEGRATION FOR FIFTH GENERATION AIRCRAFT.

    (a) F-35 Sensor Data.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that--
            (1) information collected by the passive and active on-
        board sensors of the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter aircraft is 
        capable of being shared, in real time, with joint service users 
        in cases in which the Joint Force Commander determines that 
        sharing such information would be operationally advantageous; 
        and
            (2) the Secretary has developed achievable, effective, and 
        suitable concepts and supporting technical architectures to 
        collect, store, manage, and disseminate information collected 
        by such sensors.
    (b) GAO Study and Report.--
            (1) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
        shall conduct a study of the sensor data collection and 
        dissemination capability of fifth generation aircraft of the 
        Department of Defense.
            (2) Elements.--The study required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include an assessment of the following--
                    (A) the extent to which the Department has 
                established doctrinal, organizational, or technological 
                methods of managing the large amount of sensor data 
                that is currently collected and which may be collected 
                by existing and planned advanced fifth generation 
                aircraft;
                    (B) the status of the existing sensor data 
                collection, storage, dissemination, and management 
                capability and capacity of fifth generation aircraft, 
                including the F-35, the F-22, and the B-21; and
                    (C) the ability of the F-35 aircraft and other 
                fifth generation aircraft to share information 
                collected by the aircraft in real-time with other joint 
                service users as described in subsection (a)(1).
            (3) Study results.--
                    (A) Interim briefing.--Not later than 180 days 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
                Comptroller General shall provide to the congressional 
                defense committees a briefing on the preliminary 
                findings of the study conducted under this subsection.
                    (B) Final results.--The Comptroller General shall 
                provide the final results of the study conducted under 
                this subsection to the congressional defense committees 
                at such time and in such format as is mutually agreed 
                upon by the committees and the Comptroller General at 
                the time of the briefing under subparagraph (A).

SEC. 220. DOCUMENTATION RELATING TO ADVANCED BATTLE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM.

    (a) Documentation Required.--Not later than the date specified in 
subsection (b), the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees the following documentation relating 
to the Advanced Battle Management System:
            (1) A list that identifies each program, project, and 
        activity that comprises the System.
            (2) The final analysis of alternatives for the System.
            (3) An acquisition strategy for the System, including--
                    (A) an outline of each increment of the System; and
                    (B) the date on which each increment will reach 
                initial operational capability and full operational 
                capability, respectively.
            (4) A capability development document for the System.
            (5) An acquisition program baseline for the System.
            (6) A test and evaluation master plan for the System.
            (7) A life-cycle sustainment plan for the System.
    (b) Date Specified.--The date specified in this subsection is the 
earlier of--
            (1) the date that is 180 days after the date on which the 
        final analysis of alternatives for the Advanced Battle 
        Management System is completed; or
            (2) April 1, 2020.
    (c) Advanced Battle Management System Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``Advanced Battle Management System'' means the Advanced 
Battle Management System of Systems capability of the Air Force, 
including each program, project, and activity that comprises such 
capability.

SEC. 221. DOCUMENTATION RELATING TO B-52 COMMERCIAL ENGINE REPLACEMENT 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) Documentation Required.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees the following 
documentation relating to the B-52 commercial engine replacement 
program of the Air Force:
            (1) A capability development document for the program, 
        approved by the Secretary of the Air Force.
            (2) A test and evaluation master plan for the program, 
        approved by the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation.
    (b) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force, 
not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until the date on 
which the Secretary of the Air Force submits to the congressional 
defense committees the documentation required under subsection (a).

SEC. 222. DIVERSIFICATION OF THE SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, RESEARCH, AND 
              ENGINEERING WORKFORCE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Assessment Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
        the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, 
        shall conduct an assessment of critical skillsets required 
        across the science, technology, research, and engineering 
        workforce of the Department of Defense to support emerging and 
        future warfighter technologies.
            (2) Elements.--The assessment required by paragraph (1) 
        shall include analysis of the following:
                    (A) The percentage of women and minorities employed 
                in the workforce as of the date of the assessment.
                    (B) The percentage of grants, fellowships, and 
                funding awarded to minorities and women.
                    (C) The effectiveness of existing hiring and 
                attraction incentives, other encouragements, and 
                required service agreement commitments in attracting 
                and retaining minorities and women in the workforce of 
                the Department after such individuals complete work on 
                Department-funded research projects, grant projects, 
                fellowships, and STEM programs.
                    (D) The geographical diversification of the 
                workforce and the operating costs of the workforce 
                across various geographic regions.
    (b) Plan Required.--
            (1) In general.--Based on the results of the assessment 
        conducted under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense, 
        acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering, shall develop and implement a plan to diversify 
        and strengthen the science, technology, research, and 
        engineering workforce of the Department of Defense.
            (2) Elements.--The plan required by paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) align with science and technology strategy 
                priorities of the Department of Defense, including the 
                emerging and future warfighter technology requirements 
                identified by the Department;
                    (B) except as provided in subsection (c)(2), set 
                forth steps for the implementation of each 
                recommendation included in the 2013 report of the RAND 
                corporation titled ``First Steps Toward Improving DoD 
                STEM Workforce Diversity'';
                    (C) harness the full range of the Department's STEM 
                programs and other Department-sponsored programs to 
                develop and attract top talent;
                    (D) use existing authorities to attract and retain 
                students, academics, and other talent;
                    (E) establish and use contracts, agreements, or 
                other arrangements with institutions of higher 
                education (as defined in section 101 of the Higher 
                Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)), including 
                historically black colleges and universities and other 
                minority-serving institutions (as described in section 
                371(a) of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1067q(a)) to enable easy 
                and efficient access to research and researchers for 
                Government-sponsored basic and applied research and 
                studies at each institution, including contracts, 
                agreements, and other authorized arrangements such as 
                those authorized under--
                            (i) section 217 of the National Defense 
                        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public 
                        Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note); and
                            (ii) such other authorities as the 
                        Secretary determines to be appropriate; and
                    (F) include recommendations for changes in 
                authorities, regulations, policies, or any other 
                relevant areas, that would support the achievement of 
                the goals set forth in the plan.
            (3) Submittal to congress.--Not later than one year after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        that includes--
                    (A) the plan developed under paragraph (1); and
                    (B) with respect to each recommendation described 
                in paragraph (2)(B) that the Secretary implemented or 
                expects to implement--
                            (i) a summary of actions that have been 
                        taken to implement the recommendation; and
                            (ii) a schedule, with specific milestones, 
                        for completing the implementation of the 
                        recommendation.
    (c) Deadline for Implementation.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), not 
        later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this 
        Act the Secretary of Defense shall carry out activities to 
        implement the plan developed under subsection (b).
            (2) Exception for implementation of certain 
        recommendations.--
                    (A) Delayed implementation.--The Secretary of 
                Defense may commence implementation of a recommendation 
                described in subsection (b)(2)(B) after the date 
                specified in paragraph (1) if the Secretary provides 
                the congressional defense committees with a specific 
                justification for the delay in implementation of such 
                recommendation on or before such date.
                    (B) Nonimplementation.--The Secretary of Defense 
                may opt not to implement a recommendation described in 
                subsection (b)(2)(B) if the Secretary provides to the 
                congressional defense committees, on or before the date 
                specified in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) a specific justification for the 
                        decision not to implement the recommendation; 
                        and
                            (ii) a summary of the alternative actions 
                        the Secretary plans to take to address the 
                        issues underlying the recommendation.
    (d) STEM Defined.--In this section, the term ``STEM'' means 
science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.

SEC. 223. POLICY ON THE TALENT MANAGEMENT OF DIGITAL EXPERTISE AND 
              SOFTWARE PROFESSIONALS.

    (a) Policy.--
            (1) In general.--It shall be a policy of the Department of 
        Defense to promote and maintain digital expertise and software 
        development as core competencies of civilian and military 
        workforces of the Department, and as a capability to support 
        the National Defense Strategy, which policy shall be achieved 
        by--
                    (A) the recruitment, development, and 
                incentivization of retention in and to the civilian and 
                military workforce of the Department of individuals 
                with aptitude, experience, proficient expertise, or a 
                combination thereof in digital expertise and software 
                development;
                    (B) at the discretion of the Secretaries of the 
                military departments, the development and maintenance 
                of civilian and military career tracks related to 
                digital expertise, and related digital competencies for 
                members of the Armed Forces, including the development 
                and maintenance of training, education, talent 
                management, incentives, and promotion policies in 
                support of members at all levels of such career tracks; 
                and
                    (C) the development and application of appropriate 
                readiness standards and metrics to measure and report 
                on the overall capability, capacity, utilization, and 
                readiness of digital engineering professionals to 
                develop and deliver operational capabilities and employ 
                modern business practices.
            (2) Definitions.--For purposes of this section, ``digital 
        engineering'' is the discipline and set of skills involved in 
        the creation, processing, transmission, integration, and 
        storage of digital data, (including but not limited to data 
        science, machine learning, software engineering, software 
        product management, and artificial intelligence product 
        management).
    (b) Responsibility.--
            (1) Appointment of officer.--Not later than 270 days after 
        the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall appoint a civilian official responsible for the 
        development and implementation of the policy set forth in 
        subsection (a). The official shall be known as the ``Chief 
        Digital Engineering Recruitment and Management Officer of the 
        Department of Defense'' (in this section referred to as the 
        ``Officer'').
            (2) Expiration of appointment.--The appointment of the 
        Officer under paragraph (1) shall expire on September 30, 2029.
    (c) Duties.--In developing and providing for the discharge of the 
policy set forth in subsection (a), the Officer shall work with the 
Assistant Secretaries of the military departments for Manpower and 
Reserve Affairs to carry out the following:
            (1) Develop for, and enhance within, the recruitment 
        programs of each Armed Force various core initiatives, 
        programs, activities, and mechanisms, tailored to the unique 
        needs of each Armed Force, to identify and recruit civilian 
        employees and members of the Armed Forces with demonstrated 
        aptitude, interest, and proficiency in digital engineering, and 
        in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) 
        generally, including initiatives, programs, activities, and 
        mechanisms to target populations of individuals not typically 
        aware of opportunities in the Department of Defense for a 
        digital engineering career.
            (2) Identify and share with the military departments best 
        practices around the development of flexible career tracks and 
        identifiers for digital engineering and related digital 
        competencies and meaningful opportunities for career 
        development, talent management, and promotion within such 
        career tracks.
            (3) Develop and maintain education, training, doctrine, 
        rotational opportunities, and professional development 
        activities to support the civilian and military digital 
        engineering workforce.
            (4) Coordinate and synchronize digital force management 
        activities throughout the Department of Defense, advise the 
        Secretary of Defense on all matters pertaining to the health 
        and readiness of digital forces, convene a Department-wide 
        executive steering group, and submit to Congress an annual 
        report on the readiness of digital forces and progress toward 
        achieving the policy set forth in subsection (a).
            (5) Create a Department-wide mechanism to track digital 
        expertise in the workforce, develop and maintain organizational 
        policies, strategies, and plans sufficient to build, maintain, 
        and refresh internal capacity at scale, and report to the 
        Secretary quarterly on the health and readiness the digital 
        engineering workforce.
            (6) Assist the military departments in designing, 
        developing, and executing programs and incentives to retain, 
        track, and oversee digital expertise among civilian employees 
        of the Department and members of the Armed Forces on active 
        duty.
            (7) At the request of the Chief of Staff of an Armed Force, 
        or the head of another component or element of the Department, 
        undertake an executive search for key leadership positions in 
        digital engineering in such Armed Force, component, or element, 
        and develop and deploy agile hiring processes to fill such 
        positions.
            (8) Identify necessary changes in authorities, policies, 
        resources, or a combination thereof to further the policy set 
        forth in subsection (a), and submit to Congress a report on 
        such changes.
    (d) Implementation Plan.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
House of Representatives and the Senate a plan to carry out the 
requirements of this section. The plan shall include the following:
            (1) An assessment of progress of the Secretary in 
        recruiting an individual to serve as the Officer required to be 
        appointed under subsection (b).
            (2) A timeline for implementation of the requirements of 
        this section, including input from each military department on 
        its unique timeline.
            (3) Recommendations for any legislative or administrative 
        action required to meet the requirements of this section.

SEC. 224. DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DIGITAL ENGINEERING 
              CAPABILITY AND AUTOMATED SOFTWARE TESTING AND EVALUATION.

    (a) Capability Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering and the Director of Operational Test 
        and Evaluation shall jointly design, develop, and implement a 
        digital engineering capability and infrastructure--
                    (A) to provide technically accurate digital models 
                to the acquisition process; and
                    (B) to serve as the foundation for automated 
                approaches to software testing and evaluation.
            (2) Elements.--The capability developed under subsection 
        (a) shall consist of digital platforms that may be accessed by 
        individuals throughout the Department who have responsibilities 
        relating to the development, testing, evaluation, and operation 
        of software. The platforms shall enable such individuals to--
                    (A) use systems-level digital representations and 
                simulation environments;
                    (B) perform automated software testing based on 
                criteria developed, in part, in consultation with the 
                Under Secretary's developmental test organization and 
                the Director to satisfy program operational test 
                requirements; and
                    (C) perform testing on a repeatable, frequent, and 
                iterative basis.
    (b) Pilot Programs.--
            (1) In general.--The Under Secretary and Director shall 
        carry out pilot programs to demonstrate whether it is possible 
        for automated testing to satisfy--
                    (A) developmental test requirements for the 
                software-intensive programs of the Department of 
                Defense; and
                    (B) the Director's operational test requirements 
                for such programs.
            (2) Number of pilot programs.--The Under Secretary and 
        Director shall carry out not fewer than four and not more than 
        ten pilot programs under this section.
            (3) Requirements.--For each pilot program carried out under 
        paragraph (1), the Under Secretary and Director shall--
                    (A) conduct a cost-benefit analysis that compares 
                the costs and benefits of the digital engineering and 
                automated testing approach of the pilot program to the 
                nondigital engineering based approach typically used by 
                the Department of Defense;
                    (B) ensure that the intellectual property strategy 
                for the pilot program supports the data required to 
                operate the models used under the program; and
                    (C) develop a workforce and infrastructure plan to 
                support any new policies and guidance implemented 
                during the pilot program or after the completion of the 
                program.
            (4) Considerations.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
        Under Secretary and Director may consider using the authorities 
        provided under sections 873 and 874 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91).
            (5) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary and Director shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
        includes a description of--
                    (A) each pilot program that will be carried out 
                under paragraph (1);
                    (B) software programs that may be used as part of 
                each pilot program;
                    (C) selection criteria and intellectual property 
                and licensing issues relating to such software 
                programs;
                    (D) any recommendations for changes to existing law 
                to facilitate the implementation of the pilot programs; 
                and
                    (E) such other matters as the Under Secretary and 
                Director determine to be relevant.
            (6) Termination.--Each pilot program carried out under 
        paragraph (1) shall terminate not later than December 31, 2025.
    (c) Policies and Guidance Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Under Secretary and the Director shall 
        issue policies and guidance to implement--
                    (A) the digital engineering capability and 
                infrastructure developed under subsection (a); and
                    (B) the pilot programs carried out under subsection 
                (b).
            (2) Elements.--The policies and guidance issued under 
        paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) specify procedures for developing and 
                maintaining digital engineering models and the 
                automated testing of software throughout the program 
                life cycle;
                    (B) include processes for automated testing of 
                developmental test requirements and operational test 
                requirements;
                    (C) include processes for automated security 
                testing, including--
                            (i) penetration testing; and
                            (ii) vulnerability scanning;
                    (D) include processes for security testing 
                performed by individuals, including red team 
                assessments with zero-trust assumptions;
                    (E) encourage the use of an automated testing 
                capability instead of acquisition-related processes 
                that require artifacts to be created for acquisition 
                oversight but are not used as part of the engineering 
                process;
                    (F) support the high-confidence distribution of 
                software to the field on a time-bound, repeatable, 
                frequent, and iterative basis;
                    (G) provide technically accurate models, including 
                models of system design and performance, to the 
                acquisition process; and
                    (H) ensure that models are continually updated with 
                the newest design, performance, and testing data.
    (d) Consultation.--In carrying out subsections (a) through (c), the 
Under Secretary and Director shall consult with--
            (1) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment;
            (2) the service acquisition executives;
            (3) the service testing commands; and
            (4) the Defense Digital Service.
    (e) Report Required.--Not later one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary and Director shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report on the progress of the 
Under Secretary and Director in carrying out subsections (a) through 
(c). The report shall include--
            (1) an independent assessment conducted by the Defense 
        Innovation Board of the progress made as of the date of the 
        report;
            (2) an explanation of how the results of the pilot programs 
        carried out under subsection (b) will inform subsequent policy 
        and guidance, particularly the policy and guidance of the 
        Director of Operational Test and Evaluation; and
            (3) any recommendations for changes to existing law to 
        facilitate the implementation of subsections (a) through (c).
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``Under Secretary and Director'' means the 
        Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and the 
        Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, acting jointly.
            (2) The term ``digital engineering'' means an integrated 
        digital approach that uses authoritative sources of system data 
        and models as a continuum across disciplines to support life-
        cycle activities from concept through disposal.
            (3) The term ``zero-trust assumption'' means a security 
        architecture philosophy designed to prevent all threats, 
        including insider threats and outsider threats.
            (4) The term ``red team assessment'' means penetration 
        tests and operations performed on a system to emulate a capable 
        adversary to expose security vulnerabilities.

SEC. 225. PROCESS TO ALIGN POLICY FORMULATION AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGY 
              DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) Alignment of Policy and Technological Development.--Not later 
than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense shall establish a process to ensure that the 
policies of the Department of Defense relating to emerging technology 
are formulated and updated continuously as such technology is developed 
by the Department.
    (b) Elements.--As part of the process established under subsection 
(a), the Secretary shall--
            (1) specify the role of each covered official in ensuring 
        that the formulation of policies relating to emerging 
        technology is carried out concurrently with the development of 
        such technology;
            (2) establish mechanisms to ensure that the Under Secretary 
        of Defense for Policy has the information and resources 
        necessary to continuously formulate and update policies 
        relating to emerging technology, including by directing the 
        organizations and entities of the Department of Defense 
        responsible for the development such technology--
                    (A) to share information with the Under Secretary;
                    (B) to communicate plans for the fielding and use 
                of emerging technology to the Under Secretary; and
                    (C) to coordinate activities relating to such 
                technology with the Under Secretary; and
            (3) incorporate procedures for the legal review of--
                    (A) weapons that incorporate emerging technology; 
                and
                    (B) treaties that may be affected by such 
                technology.
    (c) Reports Required.--
            (1) Interim report.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
        progress of the Secretary in carrying out subsection (a).
            (2) Final report.--Not later than 30 days after date on 
        which the Secretary of Defense establishes the process required 
        under subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report that describes such 
        process.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered official'' means the Chairman of the 
        Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Policy, the commanders of the combatant commands, and the 
        Secretaries of the military departments.
            (2) The term ``emerging technology'' means technology 
        determined to be in an emerging phase of development by the 
        Secretary of Defense and includes quantum computing, technology 
        for the analysis of large and diverse sets of data (commonly 
        known as ``big data analytics''), artificial intelligence, 
        autonomous technology, robotics, directed energy, hypersonics, 
        and biotechnology.

SEC. 226. LIMITATION ON TRANSITION OF STRATEGIC CAPABILITIES OFFICE OF 
              THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Limitation.--The Secretary of Defense may not transition or 
transfer the functions of the Strategic Capabilities Office of the 
Department of Defense to another organization or element of the 
Department until--
            (1) the plan required under subsection (b) has been 
        submitted to the congressional defense committees; and
            (2) a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on 
        which the Secretary notifies the congressional defense 
        committees of the intent of the Secretary to transition or 
        transfer the functions of the Office.
    (b) Plan Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a plan for the transition 
        or transfer of the functions of the Strategic Capabilities 
        Office to another organization or element of the Department of 
        Defense.
            (2) Elements.--The plan required under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A timeline for the potential transition or 
                transfer of the activities, functions, programs, plans, 
                and resources of the Strategic Capabilities Office.
                    (B) The status of funding and execution of current 
                Strategic Capabilities Office projects, including a 
                strategy for mitigating risk to current projects during 
                the transition or transfer.
                    (C) The impact of the transition or transfer on the 
                ability of the Department to rapidly address Combatant 
                Command requirements.
                    (D) The impact of the transition or transfer on the 
                cultural attributes and core competencies of the 
                Strategic Capabilities Office and any organization or 
                element of the Department of Defense affected by the 
                realignment of the Office.
                    (E) An assessment of the impact of the transition 
                or transfer on the relationships of the Strategic 
                Capabilities Office with the military departments, 
                Combatant Commands, Department of Defense laboratories, 
                the intelligence community, and other research and 
                development activities.
                    (F) Budget and programming realignment and 
                prioritization of Research, Development, Testing, and 
                Evaluation budget activity that will be carried out as 
                a result of the transition or transfer.
                    (G) The status of the essential authorities of the 
                Director of the Strategic Capabilities Office, 
                including acquisition authorities, personnel management 
                authorities, the authority to enter into support 
                agreements and strategic partnerships, and original 
                classification authority.
            (3) Form of plan.--The plan required under paragraph (1) 
        shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
        classified annex.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 231. MASTER PLAN FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO 
              SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY REINVENTION LABORATORIES.

    (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall develop 
a master plan for using current authorities and responsibilities to 
strengthen and modernize the workforce and capabilities of the science 
and technology reinvention laboratories of the Department of Defense 
(referred to in this section as the ``laboratories'') to enhance the 
ability of the laboratories to execute missions in the most efficient 
and effective manner.
    (b) Elements.--The master plan required under subsection (a) shall 
include, with respect to the laboratories, the following:
            (1) A summary of hiring and staffing deficiencies at 
        laboratories, by location, and the effect of such deficiencies 
        on the ability of the laboratories--
                    (A) to meet existing and future requirements of the 
                Department of Defense; and
                    (B) to recruit and retain qualified personnel.
            (2) A summary of existing and emerging military research, 
        development, test, and evaluation mission areas requiring the 
        use of the laboratories.
            (3) An explanation of the laboratory staffing capabilities 
        required for each mission area identified under paragraph (2).
            (4) Identification of specific projects, including hiring 
        efforts and management reforms, that will be carried out--
                    (A) to address the deficiencies identified in 
                paragraph (1); and
                    (B) to support the existing and emerging mission 
                areas identified in paragraph (2).
            (5) For each project identified under paragraph (4)--
                    (A) a summary of the plan for the project;
                    (B) an explanation of the level of priority that 
                will be given to the project; and
                    (C) a schedule of required investments that will be 
                made as part of the project.
            (6) A description of how the Department, including each 
        military department concerned, will carry out the projects 
        identified in paragraph (3) using--
                    (A) current authorities and responsibilities; and
                    (B) such other authorities as are determined to be 
                relevant by the Secretary of Defense.
            (7) Identification of any statutory barriers to 
        implementing the master plan and legislative proposals to 
        address such barriers.
    (c) Consultation.--In developing the master plan required under 
subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense and the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Research and Engineering shall consult with--
            (1) the Secretary of each military department;
            (2) the Service Acquisition Executives with 
        responsibilities relevant to the laboratories;
            (3) the commander of each military command with 
        responsibilities relating to research and engineering that is 
        affected by the master plan; and
            (4) any other officials determined to be relevant by the 
        Secretary of Defense and the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering.
    (d) Initial Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report that identifies any barriers that prevent the full use and 
implementation of current authorities and responsibilities and such 
other authorities as are determined to be relevant by the Secretary of 
Defense, including any barriers presented by the policies, authorities, 
and activities of--
            (1) organizations and elements of the Department of 
        Defense; and
            (2) organizations outside the Department.
    (e) Final Report.--Not later than October 30, 2020, the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees--
            (1) the master plan developed under subsection (a); and
            (2) a report on the activities carried out under this 
        section.

SEC. 232. MASTER PLAN FOR INFRASTRUCTURE REQUIRED TO SUPPORT RESEARCH, 
              DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION MISSIONS.

    (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the Secretaries of the military departments, shall develop and 
implement a master plan that addresses the research, development, test, 
and evaluation infrastructure and modernization requirements of the 
Department of Defense, including the science and technology reinvention 
laboratories and the facilities of the Major Range and Test Facility 
Base.
    (b) Elements.--The master plan required under subsection (a) shall 
include, with respect to the research, development, test, and 
evaluation infrastructure of the Department of Defense, the following:
            (1) A summary of deficiencies in the infrastructure, by 
        location, and the effect of the deficiencies on the ability of 
        the Department--
                    (A) to meet current and future military 
                requirements identified in the National Defense 
                Strategy;
                    (B) to support science and technology development 
                and acquisition programs; and
                    (C) to recruit and train qualified personnel.
            (2) A summary of existing and emerging military research, 
        development, test, and evaluation mission areas, by location, 
        that require modernization investments in the infrastructure--
                    (A) to improve operations in a manner that may 
                benefit all users;
                    (B) to enhance the overall capabilities of the 
                research, development, test, and evaluation 
                infrastructure, including facilities and resources;
                    (C) to improve safety for personnel and facilities; 
                and
                    (D) to reduce the long-term cost of operation and 
                maintenance.
            (3) Identification of specific infrastructure projects that 
        are required to address the infrastructure deficiencies 
        identified under paragraph (1) or to support the existing and 
        emerging mission areas identified under paragraph (2).
            (4) For each project identified under paragraph (3)--
                    (A) a description of the scope of work;
                    (B) a cost estimate;
                    (C) a summary of the plan for the project;
                    (D) an explanation of the level of priority that 
                will be given to the project; and
                    (E) a schedule of required infrastructure 
                investments.
            (5) A description of how the Department, including each 
        military department concerned, will carry out the 
        infrastructure projects identified in paragraph (3) using the 
        range of authorities and methods available to the Department, 
        including--
                    (A) military construction authority under section 
                2802 of title 10, United States Code;
                    (B) unspecified minor military construction 
                authority under section 2805(a) of such title;
                    (C) laboratory revitalization authority under 
                section 2805(d) of such title;
                    (D) the authority to carry out facility repair 
                projects, including the conversion of existing 
                facilities, under section 2811 of such title;
                    (E) the authority provided under the Defense 
                Laboratory Modernization Pilot Program under section 
                2803 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
                Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2358 
                note);
                    (F) methods that leverage funding from entities 
                outside the Department, including public-private 
                partnerships, enhanced use leases, real property 
                exchanges; and
                    (G) any other authorities and methods determined to 
                be appropriate by the Secretary of Defense.
            (6) Identification of any statutory, regulatory, or policy 
        barriers to implementing the master plan and regulatory, 
        policy, or legislative proposals to address such barriers.
    (c) Consultation and Use of Contract Authority.--In implementing 
the plan required under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense 
shall--
            (1) consult with existing and anticipated users of the 
        Major Range and Test Facility Base; and
            (2) consider using the contract authority provided to the 
        Secretary under section 2681 of title 10, United States Code.
    (d) Submission to Congress.--Not later than October 30, 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees the master plan developed under subsection (a).
    (e) Research and Development Infrastructure Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``research, development, test, and evaluation 
infrastructure'' means the infrastructure of--
            (1) the science and technology reinvention laboratories (as 
        designated under section 1105 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84 ; 10 
        U.S.C. 2358 note));
            (2) the Major Range and Test Facility Base (as defined in 
        section 2358a(f)(3) of title 10, United States Code); and
            (3) other facilities that support the research development, 
        test, and evaluation activities of the Department.

SEC. 233. STRATEGY AND IMPLEMENTATION PLAN FOR FIFTH GENERATION 
              INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall develop--
            (1) a strategy for harnessing fifth generation (commonly 
        known as ``5G'') information and communications technologies to 
        enhance military capabilities, maintain a technological 
        advantage on the battlefield, and accelerate the deployment of 
        new commercial products and services enabled by 5G networks 
        throughout the Department of Defense; and
            (2) a plan for implementing the strategy developed under 
        paragraph (1).
    (b) Elements.--The strategy required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
            (1) Adoption and use of secure fourth generation (commonly 
        known as ``4G'') communications technologies and the transition 
        to advanced and secure 5G communications technologies for 
        military applications.
            (2) Science, technology, research, and development efforts 
        to facilitate the advancement and adoption of 5G technology and 
        new uses of 5G systems, subsystems, and components, including--
                    (A) 5G testbeds for developing military 
                applications; and
                    (B) spectrum-sharing technologies and frameworks.
            (3) Strengthening engagement and outreach with industry, 
        academia, international partners, and other departments and 
        agencies of the Federal Government on issues relating to 5G 
        technology.
            (4) Defense industrial base supply chain risk, management, 
        and opportunities.
            (5) Preserving the ability of the Joint Force to achieve 
        objectives in a contested and congested spectrum environment.
            (6) Strengthening the ability of the Joint Force to conduct 
        full spectrum operations that enhance the military advantages 
        of the United States.
            (7) Securing the information technology and weapon systems 
        of the Department against malicious activity.
            (8) Such other matters as the Secretary of Defense 
        determines to be relevant.
    (c) Consultation.--In developing the strategy and implementation 
plan required under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall 
consult with the following:
            (1) The Chief Information Officer of the Department of 
        Defense.
            (2) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering.
            (3) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment.
            (4) The Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence.
            (5) Service Acquisition Executives of each military 
        service.
    (d) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
congressional defense committees a briefing on the progress of the 
Secretary in developing the strategy and implementation plan required 
under subsection (a).

SEC. 234. DEPARTMENT-WIDE SOFTWARE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY.

    (a) Designation of Senior Official.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting 
through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and 
in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment, shall designate a single official or existing entity 
within the Department of Defense as the official or entity (as the case 
may be) with principal responsibility for guiding the direction of 
research and development of next generation software and software 
intensive systems for the Department, including the research and 
development of--
            (1) new technologies for the creation of highly secure, 
        reliable, and mission-critical software; and
            (2) new approaches to software development, data-based 
        analytics, and next generation management tools.
    (b) Development of Strategy.--The official or entity designated 
under subsection (a) shall develop a Department-wide strategy for the 
research and development of next generation software and software 
intensive systems for the Department of Defense, including strategies 
for--
            (1) types of software innovation efforts within the science 
        and technology portfolio of the Department;
            (2) investment in new approaches to software development, 
        data-based analytics, and next generation management tools;
            (3) ongoing research and other support of academic, 
        commercial, and development community efforts to innovate the 
        software development, engineering, and testing process;
            (4) to the extent practicable, implementing the 
        recommendations set forth in--
                    (A) the final report of the Defense Innovation 
                Board submitted to the congressional defense committees 
                under section 872 of the National Defense Authorization 
                Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 
                1497); and
                    (B) the final report of the Defense Science Board 
                Task Force on the Design and Acquisition of Software 
                for Defense Systems described in section 868 of the 
                John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for 
                Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2223 
                note);
            (5) supporting the acquisition, technology development, and 
        test and operational needs of the Department through the 
        development of capabilities, including personnel and 
        infrastructure, and programs in--
                    (A) the science and technology reinvention 
                laboratories (as designated under section 1105 of the 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 
                (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note));
                    (B) the facilities of the Major Range and Test 
                Facility Base (as defined in section 2358a(f)(3) of 
                title 10, United States Code); and
                    (C) the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; 
                and
            (6) the transition of relevant capabilities and 
        technologies to information technology programs of the 
        Department, including software intensive tactical systems, 
        enterprise systems, and business systems.
    (c) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the official or entity designated under 
subsection (a) shall submit to the congressional defense committees the 
strategy developed under subsection (b).

SEC. 235. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE EDUCATION STRATEGY.

    (a) Strategy Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
        strategy for educating service members in relevant occupational 
        fields on matters relating to artificial intelligence.
            (2) Elements.--The strategy developed under subsection (a) 
        shall include a curriculum designed to give service members a 
        basic knowledge of artificial intelligence. The curriculum 
        shall include instruction in--
                    (A) artificial intelligence design;
                    (B) software coding;
                    (C) potential military applications for artificial 
                intelligence;
                    (D) the impact of artificial intelligence on 
                military strategy and doctrine;
                    (E) artificial intelligence decisionmaking via 
                machine learning and neural networks;
                    (F) ethical issues relating to artificial 
                intelligence;
                    (G) the potential biases of artificial 
                intelligence;
                    (H) potential weakness in artificial intelligence 
                technology; and
                    (I) any other matters the Secretary of Defense 
                determines to be relevant.
    (b) Implementation Plan.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
        plan for implementing the strategy developed under subsection 
        (a).
            (2) Elements.--The implementation plan required under 
        paragraph (1) shall identify the following:
                    (A) The military occupational specialties 
                (applicable to enlisted members and officers) that are 
                most likely to involve interaction with artificial 
                intelligence technology.
                    (B) The specific occupational specialties that will 
                receive training in accordance with the curriculum 
                described in subsection (a)(2).
                    (C) The duration of the training.
                    (D) The context in which the training will be 
                provided, which may include basic training, 
                occupationally specific training, and professional 
                military education.
                    (E) Metrics for evaluating the effectiveness of the 
                training and curriculum.
                    (F) Any other issues the Secretary of Defense 
                determines to be relevant.
    (c) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than 270 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees--
            (1) the strategy developed under subsection (a); and
            (2) the implementation plan developed under subsection (b).

SEC. 236. BIANNUAL REPORT ON THE JOINT ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CENTER.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act and biannually thereafter through the end of 2023, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center 
(referred to in this section as the ``Center'').
    (b) Elements.--Each report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) Information relating to the mission and objectives of 
        the Center.
            (2) A description of the National Mission Initiatives, 
        Component Mission Initiatives, and any other initiatives of the 
        Center, including a description of--
                    (A) the activities carried out under the 
                initiatives;
                    (B) any investments made or contracts entered into 
                under the initiatives; and
                    (C) the progress of the initiatives.
            (3) A description of how the Center has sought to leverage 
        lessons learned, share best practices, avoid duplication of 
        efforts, and transition artificial intelligence research 
        efforts into operational capabilities by--
                    (A) collaborating with other organizations and 
                elements of the Department of Defense, including the 
                Defense Agencies and the military departments; and
                    (B) deconflicting the activities of the Center with 
                the activities of other organizations and elements of 
                the Department.
            (4) A description any collaboration between--
                    (A) the Center and the private sector and academia; 
                and
                    (B) the Center and international allies and 
                partners.
            (5) The total number of military, contractor, and civilian 
        personnel who are employed by the Center, assigned to the 
        Center, and performing functions in support of the Center.
            (6) A description of the organizational structure and 
        staffing of the Center.
            (7) A detailed description of the frameworks, metrics, and 
        capabilities established to measure the effectiveness of the 
        Center and the Center's investments in the National Mission 
        Initiatives and Component Mission Initiatives.
            (8) A description of any new policies, standards, or 
        guidance relating to artificial intelligence that have been 
        issued by the Chief Information Officer of the Department.
    (c) Joint Artificial Intelligence Center Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``Joint Artificial Intelligence Center'' means the Joint 
Artificial Intelligence Center of the Department of Defense established 
pursuant to section 238 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232).

SEC. 237. QUARTERLY UPDATES ON THE OPTIONALLY MANNED FIGHTING VEHICLE 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Beginning not later than October 1, 2019, and on a 
quarterly basis thereafter through October 1, 2025, the Assistant 
Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology, in 
consultation with the Commander of the Army Futures Command, shall 
provide to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives a briefing on the progress of the Optionally Manned 
Fighting Vehicle program of the Army.
    (b) Elements.--Each briefing under subsection (a) shall include, 
with respect to the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle program, the 
following elements:
            (1) An overview of funding for the program, including 
        identification of--
                    (A) any obligations and expenditures that have been 
                made under the program; and
                    (B) any obligations and expenditures that are 
                planned for the program.
            (2) An overview of the program schedule.
            (3) A description of each contract awarded under the 
        program, including a description of the type of contract and 
        the status of the contract.
            (4) An assessment of the status of the program with respect 
        to--
                    (A) the development and approval of technical 
                requirements;
                    (B) technological maturity;
                    (C) testing;
                    (D) delivery; and
                    (E) program management.

SEC. 238. GRANTS FOR CIVICS EDUCATION PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a program 
under which the Secretary makes grants to eligible entities, on a 
competitive basis, to support the development and evaluation of civics 
education programs.
    (b) Application.--To be eligible to receive a grant under this 
section an eligible entity shall submit to the Secretary of Defense an 
application at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
information as the Secretary may require. Applications submitted under 
this subsection shall be evaluated on the basis of merit pursuant to 
competitive procedures prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.
    (c) Selection Criteria.--To be selected to receive a grant under 
this section an eligible entity shall demonstrate each of the following 
to the satisfaction of the Secretary:
            (1) The civics education program proposed by the entity 
        will include innovative approaches for improving civics 
        education.
            (2) The entity will dedicate sufficient resources to the 
        program.
            (3) As part of the program, the entity will conduct 
        evaluations in accordance with subsection (f)(1)(B).
            (4) The entity will carry out activities to disseminate the 
        results of the evaluations described in such subsection, 
        including publication of the results in peer-reviewed academic 
        journals.
    (d) Geographic Distribution.--To the extent practicable, the 
Secretary of Defense shall ensure an equitable geographic distribution 
of grants under this section.
    (e) Consultation.--In awarding grants under this section, the 
Secretary of Defense shall consult with the Secretary of Education.
    (f) Uses of Funds.--
            (1) Required uses of funds.--An eligible entity that 
        receives a grant under this section shall use such grant--
                    (A) to establish a civics education program or to 
                improve an existing civics education program; and
                    (B) to evaluate the effect of the program on 
                participants, including with respect to--
                            (i) critical thinking and media literacy;
                            (ii) voting and other forms of political 
                        and civic engagement;
                            (iii) interest in employment, and careers, 
                        in public service;
                            (iv) understanding of United States law, 
                        history, and Government; and
                            (v) the ability of participants to 
                        collaborate and compromise with others to solve 
                        problems.
            (2) Allowable uses of funds.--An eligible entity that 
        receives a grant under this section may use such grant for--
                    (A) the development or modification of curricula 
                relating to civics education;
                    (B) classroom activities, thesis projects, 
                individual or team projects, internships, or community 
                service activities relating to civics;
                    (C) collaboration with government entities, 
                nonprofit organizations, or consortia of such entities 
                and organizations to provide participants with civics-
                related experiences;
                    (D) civics-related faculty development programs;
                    (E) recruitment of educators who are highly 
                qualified in civics education to teach civics or to 
                assist with the development of curricula for civics 
                education;
                    (F) presentation of seminars, workshops, and 
                training for the development of skills associated with 
                civic engagement;
                    (G) activities that enable participants to interact 
                with government officials and entities;
                    (H) expansion of civics education programs and 
                outreach for members of the Armed Forces, dependents 
                and children of such members and employees of the 
                Department of Defense; and
                    (I) opportunities for participants to obtain work 
                experience in fields relating to civics.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``civics education program'' means an 
        educational program that provides participants with--
                    (A) knowledge of law, government, and the rights of 
                citizens; and
                    (B) skills that enable participants to responsibly 
                participate in democracy.
            (2) The term ``eligible entity'' means a Department of 
        Defense domestic dependent elementary or secondary school (as 
        described in section 2164 of title 10, United States Code).

SEC. 239. TECHNOLOGY AND NATIONAL SECURITY FELLOWSHIP.

    (a) Fellowship Program.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting 
        through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering, may establish a civilian fellowship program 
        designed to place eligible individuals within the Department of 
        Defense to increase the number of national security 
        professionals with science, technology, engineering, and 
        mathematics credentials employed by the Department.
            (2) Designation.--The fellowship program established under 
        paragraph (1) shall be known as the ``Technology and National 
        Security Fellowship'' (in this section referred to as the 
        ``fellows program'').
            (3) Employment.--Fellows will be assigned to a one year 
        tour of duty within the Department of Defense.
            (4) Pay and benefits.--An individual assigned to a position 
        under the fellows program shall be compensated at the rate of 
        compensation for employees at level GS-10 of the General 
        Schedule, and shall be treated as an employee of the United 
        States during the term of assignment.
    (b) Eligible Individuals.--For purposes of this section, and 
subject to subsection (f)(3), an eligible individual is any individual 
who--
            (1) is a citizen of the United States; and
            (2) either--
                    (A) expects to be awarded an undergraduate or 
                graduate degree that, as determined by the Secretary, 
                focuses on science, technology, engineering, or 
                mathematics course work not later than 180 days after 
                the date on which the individual submits an application 
                for participation in the fellows program; or
                    (B) possesses an undergraduate or graduate degree 
                that, as determined by the Secretary, focuses on 
                science, technology, engineering, or mathematics course 
                work that was awarded not earlier than one year before 
                the date on which the individual submits an application 
                for participation in the fellows program.
    (c) Application Required.--Each individual seeking to participate 
in the fellows program shall submit to the Secretary an application 
therefor at such time and in such manner as the Secretary shall 
specify.
    (d) Coordination.--
            (1) In general.--In carrying out this section, the 
        Secretary may consider coordinating or partnering with the 
        entities specified in paragraph (2).
            (2) Entities specified.--The entities specified in this 
        paragraph are the following:
                    (A) The National Security Innovation Network.
                    (B) Universities affiliated with Hacking for 
                Defense.
    (f) Modifications to Fellows Program.--As the Secretary considers 
necessary to modify the fellows program, and in coordination with the 
entities specified in subsection (d)(2), as the Secretary considers 
appropriate, the Secretary may--
            (1) determine the length of a fellowship term;
            (2) establish the rate of compensation for an individual 
        selected to participate in the fellows program; and
            (3) change the eligibility requirements for participation 
        in the fellows program, including who is considered an eligible 
        individual for purposes of the fellows program.
    (g) Consultation.--The Secretary may consult with the heads of the 
agencies, components, and other elements of the Department of Defense 
and such institutions of higher education and private entities engaged 
in work on national security and emerging technologies as the Secretary 
considers appropriate for purposes of the fellows program, including 
fellowship assignments.

SEC. 240. NATIONAL SECURITY COMMISSION ON DEFENSE RESEARCH AT 
              HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES AND OTHER 
              MINORITY INSTITUTIONS.

    (a) Establishment.--
            (1) In general.--There is established in the executive 
        branch an independent Commission to review the state of defense 
        research at covered institutions.
            (2) Treatment.--The Commission shall be considered an 
        independent establishment of the Federal Government as defined 
        by section 104 of title 5, United States Code, and a temporary 
        organization under section 3161 of such title.
            (3) Designation.--The Commission established under 
        paragraph (1) shall be known as the ``National Security 
        Commission on Defense Research At Historically Black Colleges 
        and Universities and Other Minority Institutions''.
            (4) Membership.--
                    (A) Composition.--The Commission shall be composed 
                of 11 members appointed as follows:
                            (i) The Secretary of Defense shall appoint 
                        2 members.
                            (ii) The Secretary of Education shall 
                        appoint 1 member.
                            (iii) The Chairman of the Committee on 
                        Armed Services of the Senate shall appoint 1 
                        member.
                            (iv) The Ranking Member of the Committee on 
                        Armed Services of the Senate shall appoint 1 
                        member.
                            (v) The Chairman of the Committee on Armed 
                        Services of the House of Representatives shall 
                        appoint 1 member.
                            (vi) The Ranking Member of the Committee on 
                        Armed Services of the House of Representatives 
                        shall appoint 1 member.
                            (vi) The Chairman of the Committee on 
                        Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the 
                        Senate shall appoint 1 member.
                            (viii) The Ranking Member of the Committee 
                        on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of 
                        the Senate shall appoint 1 member.
                            (ix) The Chairman of the Committee on 
                        Education and Labor of the House of 
                        Representatives shall appoint 1 member.
                            (x) The Ranking Member of the Committee on 
                        Education and Labor of the House of 
                        Representatives shall appoint 1 member.
                    (B) Deadline for appointment.--Members shall be 
                appointed to the Commission under subparagraph (A) not 
                later than 90 days after the date on which the 
                commission is established.
                    (C) Effect of lack of appointment by appointment 
                date.--If one or more appointments under subparagraph 
                (A) is not made by the appointment date specified in 
                subparagraph (B), or if a position described in 
                subparagraph (A) is vacant for more than 90 days, the 
                authority to make such appointment shall transfer to 
                the Chair of the Commission.
            (5) Chair and vice chair.--The Commission shall elect a 
        Chair and Vice Chair from among its members.
            (6) Terms.--Members shall be appointed for the life of the 
        Commission. A vacancy in the Commission shall not affect its 
        powers and shall be filled in the same manner as the original 
        appointment was made.
            (7) Status as federal employees.--Notwithstanding the 
        requirements of section 2105 of title 5, United States Code, 
        including the required supervision under subsection (a)(3) of 
        such section, the members of the Commission shall be deemed to 
        be Federal employees.
    (b) Duties.--
            (1) In general.--The Commission shall carry out the review 
        described in paragraph (2). In carrying out such review, the 
        Commission shall consider the methods and means necessary to 
        advance research capacity at covered institutions to 
        comprehensively address the national security and defense needs 
        of the United States.
            (2) Scope of the review.--In conducting the review under 
        paragraph (1), the Commission shall consider the following:
                    (A) The competitiveness of covered institutions in 
                developing, pursuing, capturing, and executing defense 
                research with the Department of Defense through 
                contracts and grants.
                    (B) Means and methods for advancing the capacity of 
                covered institutions to conduct research related to 
                national security and defense.
                    (C) The advancements and investments necessary to 
                elevate covered institutions to R2 status on the 
                Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher 
                Education, covered institutions to R1 status on the 
                Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher 
                Education, one covered institution or a consortium of 
                multiple covered institutions to the capability of a 
                University Affiliated Research Center, and identify the 
                candidate institutions for each category.
                    (D) The facilities and infrastructure for defense-
                related research at covered institutions as compared to 
                the facilities and infrastructure at universities 
                classified as R1 status on the Carnegie Classification 
                of Institutions of Higher Education.
                    (E) Incentives to attract, recruit, and retain 
                leading research faculty to covered institutions.
                    (F) The legal and organizational structure of the 
                contracting entity of covered institutions as compared 
                to the legal and organizational structure of the 
                contracting entity of covered institutions at 
                universities classified as R1 status on the Carnegie 
                Classification of Institutions of Higher Education.
                    (G) The ability of covered institutions to develop, 
                protect, and commercialize intellectual property 
                created through defense-related research.
                    (H) The amount of defense research funding awarded 
                to all colleges and universities through contracts and 
                grants for the fiscal years of 2010 through 2019, 
                including--
                            (i) the legal mechanism under which the 
                        organization was formed;
                            (ii) the total value of contracts and 
                        grants awarded to the organization during 
                        fiscal years 2010 to 2019;
                            (iii) the overhead rate of the organization 
                        for fiscal year 2019;
                            (iv) the Carnegie Classification of 
                        Institutions of Higher Education of the 
                        associated university or college;
                            (v) if the associated university or college 
                        qualifies as a historically Black college or 
                        university or a minority institution.
                    (I) Areas for improvement in the programs executed 
                under section 2362 of title 10, United States Code, the 
                existing authorization to enhance defense-related 
                research and education at covered institutions.
                    (J) Previous executive or legislative actions by 
                the Federal Government to address the imbalance in 
                federal research funding, such as the Established 
                Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (commonly 
                known as ``EPSCoR'').
                    (K) Any other matters the Commission deems relevant 
                to the advancing the defense research capacity of 
                covered institutions.
    (c) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Commission shall submit to 
        the President and Congress an initial report on the findings of 
        the Commission and such recommendations that the Commission may 
        have for action by the executive branch and Congress related to 
        the covered institutions participating in Department of Defense 
        research and actions necessary to expand their research 
        capacity.
            (2) Final report.--Prior to the date on which the 
        commission terminates under subsection (d), the Commission 
        shall submit to the President and Congress a comprehensive 
        report on the results of the review required under subsection 
        (b).
            (3) Form of reports.--Reports submitted under this 
        subsection shall be made publically available.
    (d) Termination.--The Commission shall terminate on December 31, 
2021.
    (e) Covered Institution Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered institution'' means--
            (1) a part B institution (as that term is defined in 
        section 322(2) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
        1061(2)); or
            (2) any other institution of higher education (as that term 
        is defined in section 101 of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1001)) at 
        which not less than 50 percent of the total student enrollment 
        consists of students from ethnic groups that are 
        underrepresented in the fields of science and engineering.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are here by authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 
2020 for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies 
of the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, 
for operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in 
section 4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

SEC. 311. TIMELINE FOR CLEARINGHOUSE REVIEW OF APPLICATIONS FOR ENERGY 
              PROJECTS THAT MAY HAVE AN ADVERSE IMPACT ON MILITARY 
              OPERATIONS AND READINESS.

    Section 183a(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``60 days'' and inserting ``90 days''.

SEC. 312. AUTHORITY TO MAKE FINAL FINDING ON DESIGNATION OF GEOGRAPHIC 
              AREAS OF CONCERN FOR PURPOSES OF ENERGY PROJECTS WITH 
              ADVERSE IMPACTS ON MILITARY OPERATIONS AND READINESS.

    Section 183a(d)(2)(E) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``or a Principal'' and inserting ``a''; and
            (2) by inserting ``, an Assistant Secretary of Defense, or 
        a Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense'' after ``Deputy Under 
        Secretary of Defense''.

SEC. 313. AUTHORITY TO ACCEPT CONTRIBUTIONS OF FUNDS FROM APPLICANTS 
              FOR ENERGY PROJECTS FOR MITIGATION OF IMPACTS ON MILITARY 
              OPERATIONS AND READINESS.

    Section 183a(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``for a project filed with the Secretary of Transportation 
pursuant to section 44718 of title 49'' and inserting ``for an energy 
project''.

SEC. 314. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE IMPROVEMENT OF PREVIOUSLY CONVEYED 
              UTILITY SYSTEMS SERVING MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

    Section 2688 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (k) as subsection (l); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (j) the following new 
        subsection (k):
    ``(k) Improvement of Conveyed Utility Systems.--In the case of a 
utility system that is conveyed under this section and that only 
provides utility services to a military installation, the Secretary 
concerned may use amounts authorized to be appropriated for military 
construction to improve the reliability, resilience, efficiency, 
physical security, or cybersecurity of the utility system.''.

SEC. 315. FIVE-YEAR AUTHORITY FOR NATIONAL GUARD ENVIRONMENTAL 
              RESTORATION PROJECTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSES.

    (a) In General.--Section 2707 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Temporary Authority for National Guard Projects.--
Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section and section 2701(c)(1) 
of this title, during the five-year period beginning on the date of the 
enactment of this subsection, the Secretary concerned may carry out an 
environmental restoration project if the Secretary determines that the 
project is necessary to carry out a response to perfluorooctanoic acid 
or perfluorooctane sulfonate contamination under this chapter or 
CERCLA.''.
    (b) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section, or the amendment made 
by this section, shall affect any requirement or authority under the 
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act 
of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.).

SEC. 316. SALE OF ELECTRICITY FROM ALTERNATE ENERGY AND COGENERATION 
              PRODUCTION FACILITIES.

    Section 2916(b)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the end; 
        and
            (2) in subparagraph (B)--
                    (A) by striking ``shall be available'' and all that 
                follows and inserting ``shall be provided directly to 
                the commander of the military installation in which the 
                geothermal energy resource is located to be used for--
                ''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new clauses:
                    ``(i) military construction projects described in 
                paragraph (2) that benefit the military installation 
                where the geothermal energy resource is located; or
                    ``(ii) energy or water security projects that--
                            ``(I) benefit the military installation 
                        where the geothermal energy resource is 
                        located;
                            ``(II) the commander of the military 
                        installation determines are necessary; and
                            ``(III) are directly coordinated with local 
                        area energy or groundwater governing 
                        authorities.''.

SEC. 317. TRANSFER AUTHORITY FOR FUNDING OF STUDY AND ASSESSMENT ON 
              HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF PER- AND POLYFLUOROALKYL 
              SUBSTANCES CONTAMINATION IN DRINKING WATER BY AGENCY FOR 
              TOXIC SUBSTANCES AND DISEASE REGISTRY.

    Section 316(a)(2)(B)(ii) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1350), as amended by 
section 315(a) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), is amended by striking 
``2019 and 2020'' and inserting ``2019, 2020, and 2021''.

SEC. 318. REPLACEMENT OF FLUORINATED AQUEOUS FILM-FORMING FOAM WITH 
              FLUORINE-FREE FIRE-FIGHTING AGENT.

    (a) Use of Fluorine-Free Foam at Military Installations.--Not later 
than January 31, 2025, the Secretary of the Navy shall publish a 
military specification for a fluorine-free fire-fighting agent for use 
at all military installations to ensure such agent is available for use 
by not later than 2027.
    (b) Prohibition on Use.--Fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam may 
not be used at any military installation on or after September 30, 
2029, or before such date, if possible.
    (c) Waiver.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary of 
        Defense may grant a waiver to the prohibition under subsection 
        (b) with respect to the use of fluorinated aqueous film-forming 
        foam at a specific military installation if the Secretary 
        submits to the congressional defense committees, by not later 
        than 30 days prior to issuing the waiver--
                    (A) notice of the waiver; and
                    (B) certification, in writing, that the waiver is 
                necessary for the protection of life and safety.
            (2) Limitation.--A waiver under this subsection shall apply 
        for a period that does not exceed three years. The Secretary 
        may extend any such waiver once for an additional period that 
        does not exceed three years.

SEC. 319. PROHIBITION OF UNCONTROLLED RELEASE OF FLUORINATED AQUEOUS 
              FILM-FORMING FOAM AT MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided by subsection (b), the 
Secretary of Defense shall prohibit the uncontrolled release of 
fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam (hereinafter in this section 
referred to as ``AFFF'') at military installations.
    (b) Exceptions.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), fluorinated AFFF 
may be released at military installations as follows:
            (1) AFFF may be released for purposes of an emergency 
        response.
            (2) A non-emergency release of AFFF may be made for the 
        purposes of testing of equipment or training of personnel, if 
        complete containment, capture, and proper disposal mechanisms 
        are in place to ensure no AFFF is released into the 
        environment.

SEC. 320. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FLUORINATED AQUEOUS FILM FORMING FOAM 
              FOR TRAINING EXERCISES.

    The Secretary of Defense shall prohibit the use of fluorinated 
aqueous film forming foam for training exercises at military 
installations.

SEC. 321. REAL-TIME NOISE-MONITORING STUDY AT NAVY AND AIR FORCE 
              INSTALLATIONS WHERE TACTICAL FIGHTER AIRCRAFT OPERATE.

    (a) Real-Time Monitoring.--The Secretary of the Navy and the 
Secretary of the Air Force shall each conduct a real-time noise-
monitoring study at no fewer than three Navy installations and three 
Air Force installations. In conducting such study, the Secretaries 
shall--
            (1) select installations where tactical fighter aircraft 
        operate and noise contours have been developed through noise 
        modeling to validate the noise contours developed through 
        analysis and modeling at those installations; and
            (2) ensure that such monitoring is conducted during times 
        of high, medium, and low activity.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than December 1, 2020, the 
Secretary of the Navy and the Secretary of the Air Force shall jointly 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a report on the real-time noise monitoring required 
under subsection (a). Such report shall include--
            (1) the results of such monitoring;
            (2) a comparison of such monitoring and the noise contours 
        previously developed with the analysis and modeling methods 
        previously used;
            (3) an overview of any changes to the analysis and modeling 
        process that have been made or are being considered as a result 
        of the findings of such monitoring; and
            (4) any other matters that the Secretaries determine 
        appropriate.

SEC. 322. DEVELOPMENT OF CLIMATE VULNERABILITY AND RISK ASSESSMENT 
              TOOL.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall develop a climate 
vulnerability and risk assessment tool to assist the military 
departments in measuring how the risks associated with climate change 
impact networks, systems, installations, facilities, and other assets, 
as well as the operational plans and capabilities of the Department of 
Defense.
    (b) Consultation.--In developing the tool under subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall consult with the Administrator of the Environmental 
Protection Agency, the Secretary of Energy, the Secretary of the 
Interior, the Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration, the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management 
Agency, the Commander of the Army Corps of Engineers, the Administrator 
of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, a federally 
funded research and development center, and the heads of such other 
relevant Federal agencies as the Secretary of Defense determines 
appropriate.
    (c) Prevailing Scientific Consensus.--Before completing development 
of the tool under subsection (a), the Secretary shall obtain from a 
federally funded research and development center with which the 
Secretary has consulted under subsection (b) a certification in writing 
that the tool contains a methodology that adequately incorporates the 
prevailing scientific consensus on climate change.
    (d) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report describing the tool 
        developed under subsection (a).
            (2) Classified annex.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        be submitted in unclassified form but may contain a classified 
        annex if necessary.
            (3) Publication.--Upon submittal of the report under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall publish the unclassified 
        portion of the report on an internet website of the Department 
        that is available to the public.
    (e) Updates to Tool.--
            (1) In general.--After submittal of the report under 
        subsection (d), the Secretary of Defense shall update the 
        climate vulnerability and risk assessment tool developed under 
        subsection (a) as the Secretary considers necessary and 
        appropriate, in consultation with the individuals and entities 
        described in subsection (b) and consistent with the prevailing 
        scientific consensus as required under subsection (c).
            (2) Report and publication.--Upon completing an update to 
        the tool under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                    (A) submit to the congressional defense committees 
                a report describing such update; and
                    (B) publish the unclassified version of such report 
                on an internet website of the Department that is 
                available to the public.

SEC. 323. PROVISION OF UNCONTAMINATED WATER FOR AGRICULTURAL USE ON 
              LAND CONTAMINATED BY PFOS AND PFOA USED ON MILITARY 
              INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (in this section referred 
        to as ``PFOS'') and perfluorooctanoic acid (in this section 
        referred to as ``PFOA'') are part of a class of man-made 
        chemicals that have been used in a variety of industrial and 
        consumer products to make the products resist heat, stains, 
        water, and grease. Because PFOS and PFOA extinguish petroleum 
        fires quickly, the Department of Defense and commercial 
        airports began using aqueous film forming foam containing PFOS 
        and PFOA in the 1970s.
            (2) PFOS and PFOA can accumulate and stay in the body for 
        long periods of time. Exposure to PFOS and PFOA may cause 
        health problems, including issues with the reproductive system, 
        liver and kidney damage, developmental issues in children, and 
        negatively impacted immune system, and cancer.
            (3) A common method of human exposure to PFOS and PFOA is 
        by consuming contaminated drinking water.
            (4) The Environmental Protection Agency issued lifetime 
        health advisories under the Safe Drinking Water Act for 
        individual or combined PFOS and PFOA concentrations at 70 parts 
        per trillion in 2016, but has not yet issued any guidance or 
        regulation for groundwater or agricultural water.
            (5) The Department of Defense has provided mitigations in 
        many communities where drinking water has tested at or above 
        the lifetime health advisory level, including bottled water and 
        drinking water filtration systems. Due to the lack of 
        regulatory guidance, these mitigations have not been mirrored 
        in agricultural water systems.
            (6) As a result, farmers located adjacent to military 
        installations with PFOS and PFOA contamination that has 
        migrated off-installation are potentially impacted, and in at 
        least one case, such contamination has had a serious impact on 
        the livelihood of a dairy farmer.
    (b) Authority to Provide Uncontaminated Water for Agricultural 
Purposes.--
            (1) In general.--If an area has been identified under 
        paragraph (2), and a military installation has been determined 
        to be the source of that contamination, the Secretary of 
        Defense or the Secretary concerned may provide, for the purpose 
        of producing agricultural products destined for human 
        consumption--
                    (A) water sources uncontaminated with 
                perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances, 
                including PFOA and PFOS, or
                    (B) treatment of contaminated waters.
            (2) Identification of areas.--An area identified under this 
        paragraph is an area for which the level of PFOA or PFOS 
        contamination--
                    (A) is above the lifetime health advisory for 
                contamination for such compounds as issued by the 
                Environmental Protection Agency and printed in the 
                Federal Register on May 25, 2016;
                    (B) is at or above a regulatory standard set by the 
                Food and Drug Administration for PFOA and PFOS in raw 
                agricultural commodities and milk; or
                    (C) is at or above a duly promulgated, non-
                discriminatory standard promulgated by a State 
                regulatory entity for PFOA and PFOS in raw agricultural 
                commodities and milk.
            (3) Source of funds.--Amounts used to carry out this 
        section shall be derived--
                    (A) in the case of amounts made available by the 
                Secretary concerned, from amounts authorized to be 
                appropriated for Operation and Maintenance for the 
                military department concerned; or
                    (B) in the case of amounts made available by the 
                Secretary of Defense, from amounts authorized to be 
                appropriated for Operation and Maintenance, Defense-
                wide.
    (c) Sense of Congress Regarding Land Acquisition.--It is the sense 
of Congress that the Secretary concerned should explore authorities 
under which the Secretary could acquire land the land adjacent to 
military installations where the owners of the land have experienced 
impacts to their livelihood due to PFOS and PFOA contamination that has 
been verified to have been caused by that installation, including the 
authorities under sections 2663, 2864a, and 2869 of title 10, United 
States Code.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

SEC. 331. MATERIAL READINESS METRICS AND OBJECTIVES.

    (a) Material Readiness Metrics and Objectives.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 2 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended by inserting after section 117 the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 118. Material readiness metrics and objectives
    ``(a) Guidance.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall issue and 
maintain guidance requiring the implementation and use of material 
readiness metrics to enable assessment of the readiness of armed forces 
to carry out the national defense strategy required by section 113 of 
this title.
    ``(2) Guidance issued pursuant to this section shall ensure that 
such material readiness metrics--
            ``(A) are based on standardized and consistent criteria; 
        and
            ``(B) are applied, used, recorded, and reported in same 
        manner by all components of the Department of Defense.
    ``(b) Metrics.--At a minimum, the material readiness metrics 
required by subsection (a) shall address the material availability, 
operational availability, and material reliability of each major weapon 
system by designated mission design series, variant, or class.
    ``(c) Material Readiness Objectives.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
shall establish, and annually review and revise, an objective value for 
each metric required by subsection (b) as a necessary component to 
support the review and revision of the national defense strategy 
required by section 113 of this title.
    ``(2) To the maximum extent practicable, the Secretary shall ensure 
that objective values established under this subsection are 
unclassified.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `major weapons system' has the meaning given 
        the term `major system' under section 2302(5) of this title, 
        except that such term does not include an acquisition program 
        for a defense business system (as defined in section 2222(i)(1) 
        of this title).
            ``(2) The term `material availability' means the measure of 
        the percentage of the total inventory of a system that is 
        operationally capable of performing an assigned mission.
            ``(3) The term `material reliability' means the probability 
        that a covered asset will perform without failure over a 
        specified interval.
            ``(4) The term `operational availability' means the measure 
        of the percentage of time a covered asset is operationally 
        capable.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 117 the following new item:

``118. Material readiness metrics and objectives.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 2337(b)(2)(A) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``to meet the material readiness 
        objectives'' before ``for the weapon system''; and
            (2) by inserting ``under section 118 of this title'' after 
        ``weapon system''.
    (c) Deadlines.--
            (1) Deadline for guidance.--The guidance required by 
        section 118(a) of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
        subsection (a), shall be issued by not later than 180 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Deadline for establishment of material readiness 
        objectives.--The material readiness objectives required by 
        section 118(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
        subsection (a), shall be established by not later than one year 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 332. CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY REGARDING USE OF WORKING CAPITAL 
              FUNDS FOR UNSPECIFIED MINOR MILITARY CONSTRUCTION 
              PROJECTS RELATED TO REVITALIZATION AND RECAPITALIZATION 
              OF DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE FACILITIES.

    Section 2208(u) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``carry out'' and 
        inserting ``fund'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``Section 2805'' and inserting 
                ``(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), section 
                2805'';
                    (B) by striking ``carried out with'' and inserting 
                ``funded using''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
    ``(B) For purposes of applying subparagraph (A), the dollar 
limitation specified in subsection (a)(2) of section 2805 of this 
title, subject to adjustment as provided in subsection (f) of such 
section, shall apply rather than the dollar limitation specified in 
subsection (c) of such section.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (4), by striking ``carry out'' and 
        inserting ``fund''.

SEC. 333. F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER SUSTAINMENT.

    (a) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
appropriated or otherwise made available in this Act for the Office of 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment for 
fiscal year 2020, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended 
until the date on which the Under Secretary submits the report required 
by subsection (b).
    (b) Report Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report on steps 
being taken to improve the availability and accountability of F-35 
parts within the supply chain. At a minimum, the report shall include a 
detailed plan for each of the following elements:
            (1) How the accountable property system of record will be 
        updated with information from the prime contractors supplying 
        such parts on required cost and related data with respect to 
        the parts and how the F-35 Program Office will ensure such 
        contractors are adhering to contractual requirements for the 
        management, reporting, visibility, and accountability of all 
        such parts supplied by the prime contractors.
            (2) How the accountability property system of record will 
        have interfaces that allow the F-35 Program Office and other 
        authorized entities to have proper accountability of assets in 
        accordance with applicable Department of Defense Instructions, 
        Department of Defense Manuals, and other applicable 
        regulations.
            (3) How the F-35 Program Office and the Secretary of each 
        of the military departments will ensure business rules for the 
        prioritization of F-35 parts across all program participants is 
        sufficient, effective, and responsive.
            (4) Steps being taken to ensure parts within the base, 
        afloat, and deployment spares packages are compatible for 
        deploying F-35 aircraft and account for updated parts demand.

SEC. 334. REPORT ON STRATEGIC POLICY FOR PREPOSITIONED MATERIEL AND 
              EQUIPMENT.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Assistant 
Secretary of Defense for Sustainment, in coordination with the Joint 
Staff, shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives a report on the implementation plan for 
prepositioned materiel and equipment required by section 321(b) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 
113-66; 127 Stat. 730; 10 U.S.C. 2229 note). Such report shall include 
each of the following:
            (1) A comprehensive list of the prepositioned materiel and 
        equipment programs of the Department of Defense.
            (2) A detailed description of how the plan will be 
        implemented.
            (3) A description of the resources required to implement 
        the plan, including the amount of funds and personnel.
            (4) A description of how the plan will be reviewed and 
        assessed to monitor progress.
            (5) Guidance on applying a consistent definition of 
        prepositioning across the Department, including the military 
        departments, the combatant commands, and the Defense Agencies.
            (6) A detailed description of how the Secretary will 
        implement a joint oversight approach of the prepositioning 
        programs of the military departments.
    (b) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
appropriated or otherwise made available in this Act for the Office of 
the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Sustainment for fiscal year 
2020, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until the 
date on which the Assistant Secretary submits the report required by 
subsection (a).

SEC. 335. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF ELEMENTS OF 
              MASTER PLAN FOR REDEVELOPMENT OF FORMER SHIP REPAIR 
              FACILITY IN GUAM.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for the Navy for fiscal year 2020 may be obligated or 
expended for any construction, alteration, repair, or development of 
the real property consisting of the Former Ship Repair Facility in 
Guam.
    (b) Exception.--The limitation under subsection (a) does not apply 
to any project that directly supports depot-level ship maintenance 
capabilities, including the mooring of a floating dry dock.
    (c) Former Ship Repair Facility in Guam.--In this section, the term 
``Former Ship Repair Facility in Guam'' means the property identified 
by that name under the base realignment and closure authority carried 
out under the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A 
of title XXIX of Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note).

                          Subtitle D--Reports

SEC. 341. READINESS REPORTING.

    (a) Readiness Reporting System.--Section 117 of title 10, United 
State Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsections (d) through (g); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (d).
    (b) Quarterly Reports.--Section 482 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``Quarterly 
        reports: personnel and unit readiness'' and inserting 
        ``Readiness reports'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) In the subsection heading, by striking `` 
                Quarterly Reports Required'' and inserting ``Reports 
                and Briefings'';
                    (B) In the first sentence--
                            (i) by striking ``Not later'' and inserting 
                        ``(1) Not later''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``each calendar-year 
                        quarter'' and inserting ``the second and fourth 
                        quarter of each calendar year'';
                    (C) by striking the second and third sentences and 
                inserting ``The Secretary of Defense shall submit each 
                such report in writing and shall also submit a copy of 
                each such report to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
                Staff.''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:
    ``(2) Not later than 30 days after the end of the first and third 
quarter of each calendar year, the Secretary of Defense shall provide 
to Congress a briefing regarding the military readiness of the active 
and reserve components.
    ``(3) Each report under this subsection shall contain the elements 
required by subsection (b) for the quarter covered by the report, and 
each briefing shall address any changes to the elements described in 
subsection (b) since the submittal of the most recently submitted 
report.'';
            (3) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Required Elements.--The elements described in this subsection 
are each of the following:
            ``(1) A description of each readiness problem or deficiency 
        that affects the ground, sea, air, space, cyber, or special 
        operations forces, and any other area determined appropriate by 
        the Secretary of Defense.
            ``(2) The key contributing factors, indicators, and other 
        relevant information related to each identified problem or 
        deficiency.
            ``(3) The short-term mitigation strategy the Department 
        will employ to address each readiness problem or deficiency 
        until a resolution is in place, as well as the timeline, cost, 
        and any legislative remedies required to support the 
        resolution.
            ``(4) A summary of combat readiness ratings for the key 
        force elements assessed, including specific information on 
        personnel, supply, equipment, and training problems or 
        deficiencies that affect the combat readiness ratings for each 
        force element.
            ``(5) A summary of each upgrade or downgrade of the combat 
        readiness of a unit that was issued by the commander of the 
        unit, together with the rationale of the commander for the 
        issuance of such upgrade or downgrade.
            ``(6) A summary of the readiness of supporting 
        capabilities, including infrastructure, prepositioned equipment 
        and supplies, and mobility assets, and other supporting 
        logistics capabilities.
            ``(7) A summary of the readiness of the combat support and 
        related agencies, any readiness problem or deficiency affecting 
        any mission essential tasks of any such agency, and actions 
        recommended to address any such problem or deficiency.
            ``(8) A list of all Class A, Class B, and Class C mishaps 
        that occurred in operations related to combat support and 
        training events involving aviation, ground, or naval platforms, 
        weapons, space, or Government vehicles, as defined by 
        Department of Defense Instruction 6055.07, or a successor 
        instruction.
            ``(9) Information on the extent to which units of the armed 
        forces have removed serviceable parts, supplies, or equipment 
        from one vehicle, vessel, or aircraft in order to render a 
        different vehicle, vessel, or aircraft operational.
            ``(10) Such other information as determined necessary or 
        appropriate by the Secretary of Defense.'';
            (4) by striking subsections (d) through (h) and subsection 
        (j);
            (5) by redesignating subsection (i) as subsection (e); and
            (6) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsections (d):
    ``(d) Semi-Annual Joint Force Readiness Review.--(1) Not later than 
30 days after the last day of the first and third quarter of each 
calendar year, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall submit 
to Congress a written report on the capability of the armed forces, the 
combat support and related agencies, operational contract support, and 
the geographic and functional combatant commands to execute their 
wartime missions based upon their posture and readiness as of the time 
the review is conducted.
    ``(2) The Chairman shall produce the report required under this 
subsection using information derived from the quarterly reports 
required by subsection (a).
    ``(3) Each report required by this subsection shall include an 
assessment by each commander of a geographic or functional combatant 
command of the readiness of the command to conduct operations in a 
multidomain battle that integrates ground, sea, air, space, cyber, and 
special operations forces.
    ``(4) The Chairman shall submit to the Secretary of Defense a copy 
of each report under this subsection.''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 23 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 482 and inserting the following new item:

``482. Readiness reports.''.

SEC. 342. EXTENSION OF DEADLINE FOR TRANSITION FROM SERVICE-SPECIFIC 
              DEFENSE READINESS REPORTING SYSTEMS.

    Section 358(c) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is amended by striking 
``October 1, 2019'' and inserting ``October 1, 2020''.

SEC. 343. REPORT ON NAVY SHIP DEPOT MAINTENANCE BUDGET.

    (a) In General.--Not later than March 1 of each of 2020, 2021, and 
2022, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
Operation and Maintenance Ship Depot Maintenance budget sub-activity 
group.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include each of the following elements:
            (1) A breakdown of funding, categorized by class of ship, 
        requested for ship and submarine maintenance.
            (2) A description of how the requested funding, categorized 
        by class of ship, compares to the identified ship maintenance 
        requirement.
            (3) The amount of funds appropriated for each class of ship 
        for the preceding fiscal year.
            (4) The amount of funds obligated and expended for each 
        class of ship for each of the three preceding fiscal years.
            (5) The cost, categorized by class of ship, of unplanned 
        growth work for each of the three preceding fiscal years.

SEC. 344. REPORT ON RUNIT DOME.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Energy, in coordination with 
the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency and Secretary 
of Defense, shall submit to the Committee on Energy and Commerce, the 
Committee on Natural Resources, and the Committee on Armed Services of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Armed Services and 
the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate a report on 
the status of the Runit Dome in the Marshal Islands.
    (b) Matters for Inclusion.--The report required by subsection (a) 
shall include each of the following:
            (1) A detailed plan to remove the radioactive materials in 
        the dome to a safer and more stable location, including a 
        predicted timeline and associated costs.
            (2) A detailed plan to repair the dome to ensure that it 
        does not have any harmful effects to the local population, 
        environment, or wildlife, including the projected costs of 
        implementing such plan.
            (3) The effects on the environment that the dome has 
        currently and is projected to have in 5 years, 10 years, and 20 
        years.
            (4) An assessment on the safety of food gathered from local 
        food sources.
            (5) An assessment of the current condition of the outer 
        constructs of the dome.
            (6) An assessment of the current and long-term safety to 
        local humans posed by the site.
            (7) How climate change and rising sea levels are predicted 
        to affect the dome, including a description of projected 
        scenarios if the dome becomes partially or fully submerged by 
        ocean water.
            (8) A summary of interactions between the Government of the 
        United States and the government of the Marshall Islands about 
        the dome.
            (9) A detailed description of the physical health effects 
        on Pacific Islanders, including residents of Hawaii, Fuji, and 
        Samoa, of nuclear testing conducted at Runit Dome.
            (10) A detailed description of the pre- and post-nuclear 
        test communications between the United States and the 
        governments of the territories and nations of the Pacific 
        Islands, including Hawaii, Fuji, and Samoa.
    (c) Form of Report.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form and made publicly available.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

SEC. 351. INCLUSION OF OVER-THE-HORIZON RADARS IN EARLY OUTREACH 
              PROCEDURES.

    Section 183a(c)(6) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``or airport surveillance radar'' and inserting ``, airport 
surveillance radar, or wide area surveillance over-the-horizon radar''.

SEC. 352. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR SECRETARY OF DEFENSE TO USE 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REIMBURSEMENT RATE FOR 
              TRANSPORTATION SERVICES PROVIDED TO CERTAIN NON-
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ENTITIES.

    Section 2642(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``October 1, 2019'' and inserting ``October 1, 2024''.

SEC. 353. EXPANDED TRANSFER AND ADOPTION OF MILITARY ANIMALS.

    Section 2583 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting 
                ``Transfer or'' before ``Adoption''; and
                    (B) by striking ``adoption'' each place it appears 
                and inserting ``transfer or adoption'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting 
                ``Transfer or'' before ``Adoption'';
                    (B) in the first sentence, by striking ``adoption'' 
                and inserting ``transfer or adoption''; and
                    (C) in the second sentence, by striking 
                ``adoptability'' and inserting ``transferability or 
                adoptability'';
            (3) in subsection (c)(1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                inserting ``transfer or'' before ``adoption'';
                    (B) in subparagraphs (A) and (B), by inserting 
                ``adoption'' before ``by'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``or 
                organizations'' after ``persons''; and
                    (D) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``by'' and 
                inserting ``transfer to'';
            (4) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``or 
                Adopted'' after ``Transferred'';
                    (B) in paragraphs (1) and (2), by striking 
                ``transferred'' each place it appears and inserting 
                ``transferred or adopted''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``transfer'' each 
                place it appears and inserting ``transfer or 
                adoption'';
            (5) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Transfer of Retired'' and inserting ``Transportation 
                of Retiring''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``transfer'' and 
                inserting ``transport'';
            (6) in subsection (g)(3), by striking ``adoption of 
        military working dogs'' and all that follows through the period 
        at the end and inserting ``transfer of military working dogs to 
        law enforcement agencies before the end of the dogs' useful 
        working lives.''; and
            (7) in subsection (h)(2), by striking ``A horse'' and 
        inserting ``An equid (horse, mule, or donkey)''.

SEC. 354. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY OF SECRETARY OF TRANSPORTATION TO 
              ISSUE NON-PREMIUM AVIATION INSURANCE.

    Section 44310(b) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting ``September 30, 2023''.

SEC. 355. DEFENSE PERSONAL PROPERTY PROGRAM.

    (a) Advisory Group.--
            (1) Establishment.--There is established an advisory group 
        on the defense personal property program, to be known as the 
        ``Global Household Relocation Services Advisory Committee''.
            (2) Membership.--The advisory group shall be comprised of 
        15 members appointed from among individuals who represent 
        appropriate entities as follows:
                    (A) One member representing United States 
                Transportation Command appointed by the Commander of 
                United States Transportation Command.
                    (B) A flag or general officer of the Armed Forces 
                representing each of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine 
                Corps, and Coast Guard appointed by the Vice Chief of 
                Staff of the Army, Vice Chief of Naval Operations, Vice 
                Chief of Staff of the Air Force, the Assistant 
                Commandant of the Marine Corps, and Vice Commandant of 
                the Coast Guard, respectively.
                    (C) Four members representing appropriate 
                transportation service providers, including two small 
                business concerns, appointed by the Assistant Secretary 
                of Defense for Sustainment.
                    (D) Five members representing consumer 
                representatives who are members of the Armed Forces or 
                spouses of members of the Armed Forces, one of whom is 
                appointed by the senior non-commissioned officer of 
                each of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and 
                Coast Guard.
            (3) Meetings.--The advisory group shall convene regularly 
        to provide to the Secretary of Defense feedback on the 
        execution of, and any recommended changes to, the global 
        household goods contract.
            (4) Reports.--
                    (A) Quarterly reports.--Not later than 30 days 
                after the last day of a fiscal quarter, the advisory 
                group shall submit to the congressional defense 
                committees a report on the activities and 
                recommendations of the advisory group during such 
                fiscal quarter.
                    (B) Termination of report requirement.--The 
                requirement to submit a report under subparagraph (A) 
                shall terminate on the termination date specified under 
                paragraph (5)(A).
            (5) Termination.--The advisory group shall terminate on the 
        date that is five years after the date of the enactment of this 
        Act.
    (b) Business Case Analysis.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Commander of United States 
Transportation Command shall prepare a business case analysis for the 
proposed award of a global household goods contract for the defense 
personal property program.
    (c) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated in 
this Act for fiscal year 2020 shall be available to enter into a global 
household goods contract until the date that is 30 days after the date 
on which the Commander of United States Transportation Command provides 
to the congressional defense committees a briefing on--
            (1) the business case analysis required by subsection (b); 
        and
            (2) the proposed structure and meeting schedule for the 
        advisory group established under subsection (a).
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``global household goods contract'' means the 
        solicitation managed by United States Transportation Command to 
        engage a private entity to manage the defense personal property 
        program.
            (2) The term ``defense personal property program'' means 
        the Department of Defense program used to manage the shipment 
        of the baggage and household effects of members of the Armed 
        Forces under section 476 of title 37, United States Code.

SEC. 356. PUBLIC EVENTS ABOUT RED HILL BULK FUEL STORAGE FACILITY.

    (a) Requirement.--At least once every calendar quarter, the 
Secretary of the Navy, or the designee of the Secretary, shall hold an 
event that is open to the public at which the Secretary shall provide 
up-to-date information about the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
    (b) Termination.--The requirement to hold events under subsection 
(a) shall terminate on the earlier of the following dates:
            (1) September 30, 2025.
            (2) The date on which the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage 
        Facility ceases operation.

SEC. 357. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING INNOVATIVE READINESS TRAINING 
              PROGRAM.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Innovative Readiness Training program is an 
        effective training program for members of the Armed Forces and 
        is highly beneficial to civilian-military relationships with 
        local American communities;
            (2) due to the geographic complexities and realities of 
        non-contiguous States and territories, Innovative Readiness 
        Training has lent greater benefit to such States and 
        territories while providing unique and realistic training 
        opportunities and deployment readiness for members of the Armed 
        Forces;
            (3) the Department of Defense should pursue continued 
        Innovative Readiness Training opportunities, and, where 
        applicable, strongly encourage the use of Innovative Readiness 
        Training in non-contiguous States and territories; and
            (4) in considering whether to recommend a project, the 
        Secretary should consider the benefits of the project to the 
        economy of a region damaged by natural disasters.

SEC. 358. PILOT PROGRAM ON REDUCTION OF EFFECTS OF MILITARY AVIATION 
              NOISE ON PRIVATE RESIDENCES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a five-
year pilot program under which the commander of a military installation 
may provide funds for the purpose of installing noise insulation on 
private residences impacted by military aviation noise from the 
installation.
    (b) Eligibility.--To be eligible to receive funds under the pilot 
program, a recipient shall enter into an agreement with the commander 
to--
            (1) provide at least 50 percent of the funds required to 
        carry out the noise insulation; and
            (2) ensure that the noise at any private residence where 
        insulation is installed is reduced by at least 5 dB.
    (c) Use of Funds.--Funds provided under the pilot program shall be 
used for the installation of noise insulation at a residence--
            (1) located within a Department of Defense noise contour 
        between 65 dB day-night average sound level and 75 dB day-night 
        average sound level as validated on a National Environmental 
        Policy Act-compliant assessment within the past three years; 
        and
            (2) where interior noise has been measured at 45 dB day-
        night average sound level by the installation.
    (d) Goals and Best Practices.--In carrying out the pilot program 
under this section, a commander shall use the following goals and best 
practices:
            (1) Minimize cost in order to maximize number of homes 
        served.
            (2) Focus efforts on residences newly impacted by increased 
        noise levels.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty personnel 
as of September 30, 2020, as follows:
            (1) The Army, 480,000.
            (2) The Navy, 340,500.
            (3) The Marine Corps, 186,200.
            (4) The Air Force, 332,800.

SEC. 402. REVISIONS IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH MINIMUM 
              LEVELS.

    Section 691(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting the following new 
paragraphs:
            ``(1) For the Army, 480,000.
            ``(2) For the Navy, 340,500.
            ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 186,200.
            ``(4) For the Air Force, 332,800.''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for 
Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 
30, 2020, as follows:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 336,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 189,500.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 59,000.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 107,700.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 70,100.
            (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed by 
subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall 
be proportionately reduced by--
            (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to 
        serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such component which 
        are on active duty (other than for training) at the end of the 
        fiscal year; and
            (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
        organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
        component who are on active duty (other than for training or 
        for unsatisfactory participation in training) without their 
        consent at the end of the fiscal year.
    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual members 
of the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are released from 
active duty during any fiscal year, the end strength prescribed for 
such fiscal year for the Selected Reserve of such reserve component 
shall be increased proportionately by the total authorized strengths of 
such units and by the total number of such individual members.

SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF THE 
              RESERVES.

    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of September 30, 
2020, the following number of Reserves to be serving on full-time 
active duty or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National 
Guard, for the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, 
instructing, or training the reserve components:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,595.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 16,511.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,155.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,386.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 22,637.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 4,431.

SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).

    The minimum number of military technicians (dual status) as of the 
last day of fiscal year 2020 for the reserve components of the Army and 
the Air Force (notwithstanding section 129 of title 10, United States 
Code) shall be the following:
            (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
        22,294.
            (2) For the Army Reserve, 6,492.
            (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 
        13,573.
            (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 8,848.

SEC. 414. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
              ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

    During fiscal year 2020, the maximum number of members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving at any time 
on full-time operational support duty under section 115(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is the following:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for the use of the Armed Forces 
and other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
expenses, not otherwise provided for, for military personnel, as 
specified in the funding table in section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in the subsection (a) supersedes any other authorization 
of appropriations (definite or indefinite) for such purpose for fiscal 
year 2020.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

SEC. 501. MANAGEMENT POLICIES FOR JOINT QUALIFIED OFFICERS.

    Section 661(d)(3)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended in 
the third sentence by inserting ``or a designee of the Chairman who is 
an officer of the armed forces in grade O-8 or higher'' before the 
period.

SEC. 502. GRADE OF CHIEF OF THE VETERINARY CORPS OF THE ARMY.

    Section 7084 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following: ``An officer appointed to that position who 
holds a lower grade shall be appointed in the grade of brigadier 
general.''

SEC. 503. AUTHORITY OF PROMOTION BOARDS TO RECOMMEND THAT OFFICERS OF 
              PARTICULAR MERIT BE PLACED HIGHER ON PROMOTION LIST.

    (a) In General.--Section 14108 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Higher Placement of Officers of Particular Merit on Promotion 
List.--(1) In selecting officers to be recommended for promotion, a 
promotion board may, when authorized by the Secretary concerned, 
recommend that officers of particular merit, from among those officers 
selected for promotion, be placed higher on the promotion list 
established by the Secretary under section 14308(a) of this title.
    ``(2) A promotion board may make a recommendation under paragraph 
(1) only if an officer receives the recommendation of--
            ``(A) a majority of the members of the promotion board; or
            ``(B) an alternative requirement established by the 
        Secretary concerned and furnished to the promotion board as 
        part of the guidelines under section 14107 of this title.
    ``(3) For officers who receive recommendations under paragraph (1), 
the board shall recommend the order in which those officers should be 
placed on the promotion list.''.
    (b) Reports Regarding Recommendations That Officers of Particular 
Merit Be Placed Higher on Promotion List.--Section 14109 of such title 
is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Report of Officers Recommended for Higher Placement on 
Promotion List.--A promotion board convened under section 14101(a) of 
this title shall, when authorized under section 14108(f) of this title, 
include in its report to the Secretary concerned--
            ``(1) the names of those officers the promotion board 
        recommends be placed higher on the promotion list; and
            ``(2) the order in which the promotion board recommends 
        those officers should be placed on the promotion list.''.
    (c) Officers of Particular Merit Appearing Higher on Promotion 
List.--Section 14308(a) of such title is amended in the first sentence 
by inserting ``or based on particular merit, as determined by the 
promotion board'' before the period.

SEC. 504. AVAILABILITY ON THE INTERNET OF CERTAIN INFORMATION ABOUT 
              OFFICERS SERVING IN GENERAL OR FLAG OFFICER GRADES.

    (a) Availability Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of each military department 
        shall make available on an internet website of such department 
        available to the public information specified in paragraph (2) 
        on each officer in a general or flag officer grade under the 
        jurisdiction of such Secretary, including any such officer on 
        the reserve active-status list.
            (2) Information.--The information on an officer specified 
        by this paragraph to be made available pursuant to paragraph 
        (1) is the information as follows:
                    (A) The officer's name.
                    (B) The officer's current grade, duty position, 
                command or organization, and location of assignment.
                    (C) A summary list of the officer's past duty 
                assignments while serving in a general or flag officer 
                grade.
    (b) Additional Public Notice on Certain Officers.--Whenever an 
officer in a grade of O-7 or above is assigned to a new billet or 
reassigned from a current billet, the Secretary of the military 
department having jurisdiction of such officer shall make available on 
an internet website of such department available to the public a notice 
of such assignment or reassignment.
    (c) Limitation on Withholding of Certain Information or Notice.--
            (1) Limitation.--The Secretary of a military department may 
        not withhold the information or notice specified in subsections 
        (a) and (b) from public availability pursuant to subsection 
        (a), unless and until the Secretary notifies the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives in 
        writing of the information or notice that will be so withheld, 
        together with justification for withholding the information or 
        notice from public availability.
            (2) Limited duration of withholding.--The Secretary 
        concerned may withhold from the public under paragraph (1) 
        information or notice on an officer only on the basis of 
        individual risk or national security, and may continue to 
        withhold such information or notice only for so long as the 
        basis for withholding remains in force.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

SEC. 511. GRADE OF CERTAIN CHIEFS OF RESERVE COMPONENTS.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Chief of army reserve.--Section 7038(b)(1) of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended by striking ``general officers 
        of the Army Reserve'' and inserting ``officers of the Army 
        Reserve in the grade of lieutenant general and''.
            (2) Chief of navy reserve.--Section 8083(b)(1) of such 
        title is amended by striking ``flag officers of the Navy (as 
        defined in section 8001(1))'' and inserting ``officers of the 
        Navy Reserve in the grade of vice admiral and''.
            (3) Commander, marine forces reserve.--Section 8084(b)(1) 
        of such title is amended by striking ``general officers of the 
        Marine Corps (as defined in section 8001(2))'' and inserting 
        ``officers of the Marine Corps Reserve in the grade of 
        lieutenant general and''.
            (4) Chief of air force reserve.--Section 9038(b)(1) of such 
        title is amended by striking ``general officers of the Air 
        Force Reserve'' and inserting ``officers of the Air Force 
        Reserve in the grade of lieutenant general and''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made under subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the date that is one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act and shall apply to appointments made after such 
date.

SECTION 512. AUTHORITY TO DEFER MANDATORY SEPARATION AT AGE 68 OF 
              OFFICERS IN MEDICAL SPECIALTIES IN THE RESERVE 
              COMPONENTS.

    Section 14703(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``An'' and inserting ``(1) Subject to 
        paragraph (2), an''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph (2):
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned may, with the consent of the officer, 
retain in an active status an officer in a medical specialty described 
in subsection (a) beyond the date described in paragraph (1) of this 
subsection if the Secretary concerned determines that such retention is 
necessary to the military department concerned. Each such retention 
shall be made on a case-by-case basis and for such period as the 
Secretary concerned determines appropriate.''.

SEC. 513. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT FOR REVIEW OF CERTAIN ARMY RESERVE 
              OFFICER UNIT VACANCY PROMOTIONS BY COMMANDERS OF 
              ASSOCIATED ACTIVE DUTY UNITS.

    Section 1113 of the Army National Guard Combat Readiness Reform Act 
of 1992 (Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 10105 note) is repealed.

SEC. 514. GUIDANCE FOR USE OF UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS BY THE NATIONAL 
              GUARD.

    (a) New Guidance.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue new 
guidance that treats the use of unmanned aircraft systems by the 
National Guard for covered activities in a manner no more restrictive 
than the use of other aircraft for covered activities.
    (b) Covered Activities Defined.--In this section, ``covered 
activities'' means the following:
            (1) Emergency operations.
            (2) Search and rescue operations.
            (3) Defense support to civil authorities.
            (4) Support under section 502(f) of title 32, United States 
        Code.

SEC. 515. JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

    (a) In General.--Section 2031(b)(3) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting ``and which may include instruction or 
activities in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and 
mathematics'' after ``duration''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 516. JROTC COMPUTER SCIENCE AND CYBERSECURITY PROGRAM.

    Chapter 102 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2036. Computer science and cybersecurity program
    ``(a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a 
program to enhance the preparation of students in the Junior Reserve 
Officers' Training Corps for careers in computer science and 
cybersecurity.
    ``(b) Coordination.--In carrying out the program, the Secretary 
shall coordinate with the following:
            ``(1) The Secretaries of the military departments.
            ``(2) The Secretary of Education.
            ``(3) The National Science Foundation.
            ``(4) The heads of such other Federal, State, and local 
        government  entities the Secretary of Defense determines 
        appropriate.
            ``(5) Private sector organizations the Secretary of Defense 
        determines appropriate.
    ``(c) Activities.--Activities under the program may include the 
following:
            ``(1) Establishment of targeted internships and cooperative 
        research opportunities in computer science and cybersecurity at 
        defense laboratories and other technical centers for students 
        in and instructors of the Junior Reserve Officers' Training 
        Corps.
            ``(2) Funding for training and other supports for 
        instructors to teach evidence-based courses in computer science 
        and cybersecurity to students.
            ``(3) Efforts and activities that improve the quality of 
        cybersecurity and computer science educational, training 
        opportunities, and curricula for students and instructors.
            ``(4) Development of travel opportunities, demonstrations, 
        mentoring programs, and informal computer science and 
        cybersecurity education for students and instructors.
    ``(d) Metrics.--The Secretary shall establish outcome-based metrics 
and internal and external assessments to evaluate the merits and 
benefits of activities conducted under the program with respect to the 
needs of the Department of Defense.
    ``(e) Authorities.--In carrying out the program, the Secretary 
shall, to the maximum extent practicable, make use of the authorities 
under section 2193b, chapter 111, and sections 2601, 2605, and 2374a of 
this title, section 219 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. 
2358 note), and other authorities the Secretary determines appropriate.
    ``(f) Report.--Not later than two years after the date of the 
enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2020, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on activities 
carried out under the program.''.

SEC. 517. PROGRAMS OF SCHOLARSHIPS FOR MEMBERS OF JUNIOR RESERVE 
              OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS UNITS TOWARD OBTAINING PRIVATE 
              PILOT'S CERTIFICATES.

    (a) Programs Authorized.--Each Secretary of a military department 
may carry out a program to award scholarships to qualified members of 
units of the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps under the 
jurisdiction of such Secretary to assist such members in obtaining a 
private pilot's certificate through an institution of higher education 
with an accredited aviation program that is approved by such Secretary 
pursuant to subsection (c).
    (b) Member Qualifications.--
            (1) In general.--In carrying out a program under subsection 
        (a), the Secretary of a military department shall prescribe the 
        standards to be met by members of units of the Junior Reserve 
        Officers' Training Corps under the jurisdiction of such 
        Secretary to be eligible for the award of a scholarship under 
        the program.
            (2) Uniformity across military departments.--To the extent 
        practicable, the standards prescribed under this subsection 
        shall be uniform across the military departments.
    (c) Approved Institutions of Higher Education.--
            (1) In general.--In carrying out a program under subsection 
        (a), the Secretary of a military department shall maintain a 
        list of institutions of higher education (as that term is 
        defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
        U.S.C. 1001)) at which a scholarship awarded under the program 
        may be used toward obtaining a private pilot's certificate.
            (2) Qualifications and standards.--Any institution of 
        higher education included on a list under this subsection, and 
        any course of instruction toward obtaining a private pilot's 
        certificate offered by such institution, shall meet such 
        qualifications and standards as the Secretary shall prescribe 
        for purposes of the program. Such qualifications and standards 
        shall include a requirement that any institution included on 
        the list award academic credit at such institution to any 
        member awarded a scholarship under the program for work 
        (whether or not fully completed) on the ground school course of 
        instruction of such institution in connection with obtaining a 
        private pilot's certificate.
    (d) Scholarship.--
            (1) Amount.--The amount of the scholarship awarded a member 
        of a Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps under a program 
        under subsection (a) shall be such amount as the Secretary of 
        the military department concerned considers appropriate to 
        defray, whether in whole or in part, the charges and fees of a 
        course of instruction toward obtaining a private pilot's 
        certificate offered by the institution of higher education to 
        be attended by the member in obtaining the certificate.
            (2) Use.--A scholarship awarded a member under a program 
        may be used by the member only to defray the charges and fees 
        of an institution of higher education for a course of 
        instruction toward obtaining a private pilot's certificate.
            (3) Maintenance of membership.--A scholarship awarded an 
        individual under a program may be used by the individual only 
        while the individual maintains membership in a unit of a Junior 
        Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
    (e) Annual Reports on Programs.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than February 28, 2021, and each 
        year thereafter, each Secretary of a military department shall 
        submit to Congress a report on the program, if any, carried out 
        by such Secretary during the preceding calendar year.
            (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include, for the program and year covered by such report, the 
        following:
                    (A) The number of scholarships awarded.
                    (B) The total amount of scholarships awarded.
                    (C) The work undertaken through such scholarships, 
                including the number of recipients who fully completed 
                a ground school course of instruction in connection 
                with obtaining a private pilot's certificate.
    (f) Assessment of Related Pilot Program.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to Congress a report setting forth the results of an 
        assessment, conducted by the study group described in paragraph 
        (2) for purposes of the report, of the pilot program conducted 
        by the Air Force in 2018 and 2019 known as the ``Air Force 
        JROTC Flight Academy, Chief of Staff Private Pilot Scholarship 
        Program''.
            (2) Study group.--The study group described in this 
        paragraph shall include the following:
                    (A) A representative of the Department of Defense, 
                selected by the Secretary of Defense.
                    (B) A representative of the headquarters of the Air 
                Force Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps with 
                experience with the pilot program, selected by the 
                Secretary of the Air Force.
                    (C) In addition to the representative under 
                subparagraph (B), a representative of each military 
                department, selected by the Secretary of such military 
                department.
                    (D) A representative of the Department of 
                Transportation, selected by the Secretary of 
                Transportation.
                    (E) A representative of the Department of 
                Education, selected by the Secretary of Education.
                    (F) Representatives of such private organizations 
                and entities as the Secretary of Defense considers 
                appropriate.
            (3) Elements.--The assessment required by paragraph (1) 
        shall identify best practices in assisting members of the 
        Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps in obtaining a private 
        pilot's certificate through institutions of higher education, 
        including the most appropriate funding mechanisms for such 
        practices.

SEC. 518. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING 
              CORPS.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps (referred 
        to in this section as ``JROTC'') contributes to an enhanced 
        sense of pride in our Nation and in the members of the Armed 
        Forces who serve;
            (2) JROTC develops a culture dedicated to service of our 
        great land and reinforces duty, honor and courage;
            (3) the Nation has been steadily depending on a smaller and 
        smaller minority of the population to fight its wars and 
        protect its borders;
            (4) this dwindling population risks the long-term security 
        of our Nation and the freedoms it provides;
            (5) JROTC operates in all 50 States and contributes to 
        better grades and graduation rates; and
            (6) JROTC was supported in the John S. McCain National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-
        232) and should be increased in fiscal year 2020, including at 
        least 3,700 JROTC units nationwide.

SEC. 519. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE NATIONAL GUARD YOUTH 
              CHALLENGE PROGRAM.

     It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the National Guard Youth Challenge Program provides a 
        vital service to at-risk youth by providing life-changing 
        mentorship, developing self-discipline, and providing education 
        in valuable skills; and
            (2) the Secretary of Defense should use the authority 
        provided under section 509(h)(2) of title 32, United States 
        Code, to allow Department of Defense equipment and facilities 
        to be used by the National Guard to maximize the support of the 
        Department for the Youth Challenge Program.

  Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                Records

SEC. 521. ESTABLISHMENT OF BOARD OF APPEALS REGARDING DENIED REQUESTS 
              FOR UPGRADED DISCHARGES AND DISMISSALS.

    (a) Establishment.--Chapter 79 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 1553 the following new section 
1553a:
``Sec. 1553a. Board of Discharge Appeals
    ``(a) Establishment.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
a Board of Discharge Appeals to hear appeals of requests for upgraded 
discharges and dismissals under section 1553 of this title that are 
denied by the service review agencies.
    ``(2) The Board of Discharge Appeals shall consist of not fewer 
than three members appointed by the Secretary.
    ``(b) Appeal.--(1) Upon the request of an appellant, the Board of 
Discharge Appeals shall review the findings and decisions of a service 
review agency regarding the review of the discharge or dismissal of the 
appellant.
    ``(2) The Board of Discharge Appeals may direct the Secretary of 
the military department concerned to change the discharge or dismissal 
of an appellant, or issue a new discharge for an appellant, to reflect 
its findings.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `appellant' means a former member of the 
        armed forces (or if the former member is dead, the surviving 
        spouse, next of kin, or legal representative of the former 
        member) whose request for an upgraded discharge or dismissal 
        was denied by a service review agency.
            ``(2) The term `service review agency' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 1555 of this title.''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 1553 the following new item:

``1553a. Board of Discharge Appeals.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 1553(b) of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``A board''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
    ``(2) If a board of review established by the Secretary of a 
military department denies a request for an upgraded discharge or 
dismissal, that denial may be appealed to the Board of Discharge 
Appeals under section 1553a of this title.''.
    (c) Deadline.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish and 
implement the Board of Discharge Appeals under such section 1553a of 
title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), not later 
than September 30, 2020.
    (d) Training.--Each member of the Board of Discharge Appeals 
established under such section 1553a shall receive training under 
section 534(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1552 note).
    (e) Reporting.--
            (1) Report.--Not later than April 1, 2021, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives a report regarding the 
        Board of Discharge Appeals established under such section 
        1553a. The report shall include, with respect to appeals heard 
        by the Board of Discharge Appeals since implementation, the 
        following:
                    (A) The number of appeals heard.
                    (B) The number of appeals granted.
                    (C) The number of appeals denied, including the 
                reasons for such denials.
                    (D) A summary of any differences between reviews 
                under section 1553 of title 10, United States Code, and 
                appeals under section 1553a of such title.
            (2) Online publication.--On October 1 of each year starting 
        in 2022, the Secretary shall publish online the information 
        described in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of paragraph (1) 
        with regards to the preceding fiscal year.

SEC. 522. PROHIBITION ON REDUCTION IN THE NUMBER OF PERSONNEL ASSIGNED 
              TO DUTY WITH A SERVICE REVIEW AGENCY.

    (a) Prohibition.--Section 1559(a) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting 
        ``December 31, 2025'';
            (2) by striking ``that agency until--'' and inserting 
        ``that agency.''; and
            (3) by striking subsections (1) and (2).
    (b) Report.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of each military 
        department shall submit a report to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and House of Representatives that 
        details a plan to--
                    (A) reduce the backlog of applications before the 
                service review agency of the military department 
                concerned; and
                    (B) maintain the resources required to meet the 
                timeliness standards for disposition of applications 
                before the Corrections Boards under section 1557 of 
                title 10, United States Code, not later than October 1, 
                2021.
            (2) Elements.--Each report under this subsection shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description of the current backlog of 
                applications before the service review agency of the 
                military department concerned.
                    (B) The number of personnel required to meet the 
                deadline described in paragraph (1)(B).
                    (C) The plan of the Secretary concerned to 
                modernize the application and review system of the 
                service review agency of the military department 
                concerned.

SEC. 523. ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON RECORD AND SERVICE REVIEW BOARDS.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
Department of Defense Advisory Committee to be known as the ``Defense 
Advisory Committee on Record and Upgrade Review Boards'' (in this 
section referred to as the ``Advisory Committee'').
    (b) Membership.--
            (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall consist of 
        not more than 15 members appointed by the Secretary of Defense, 
        eight of whom shall be civilian practitioners or 
        representatives of organizations that have experience assisting 
        members of the Armed Forces and veterans with cases before 
        service review boards (as that term is defined in section 1555 
        of title 10, United States Code).
            (2) Members of the armed forces on active duty 
        ineligible.--A member of the Armed Forces serving on active 
        duty may not serve as a member of the Advisory Committee.
    (c) Personnel.--
            (1) Experience required.--At least 35 percent of members of 
        the staff of the Advisory Committee shall have experience 
        described in subsection (b)(1).
            (2) Director; assistant director.--The director and 
        assistant director of the Advisory Committee may not both be 
        members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty.
            (3) Staff.--Not more than 65 percent of the staff of the 
        Advisory Committee may be comprised of members of the Armed 
        Forces serving on active duty.
    (d) Duties.--The Advisory Committee shall advise the Secretary of 
Defense on the best structure, practices, and procedures to ensure 
consistency of boards for the correction of military records and 
service review boards in carrying out their responsibilities under 
chapter 79 of title 10, United States Code, and in granting relief to 
claimants under that chapter.
    (e) Annual Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
establishment of the Advisory Committee and annually thereafter for the 
three subsequent years, the Advisory Committee shall submit to the 
Secretary of Defense and the congressional defense committees a report 
containing observations and recommendations regarding issues of board 
operations and efficacy, including--
            (1) granting relief at adequate rates;
            (2) adhering to the intent of Congress, including regarding 
        liberal consideration;
            (3) standards for evidence, training experience and 
        qualifications of board members;
            (4) efficacy of efforts to ensure consistency across 
        boards;
            (5) case management and record keeping systems, including 
        electronic access to board precedents;
            (6) ease of personal appearances by claimants;
            (7) expert review of medical and psychiatric cases; and
            (8) related potential structural changes or alternative 
        board models.
    (f) Termination.--The Advisory Committee shall terminate on the 
date that is four years after the date of establishment under 
subsection (a).
    (g) Authorities.--The Advisory Committee shall have all normal 
authorities granted to advisory committees, including the ability for 
staff to request documents from the Department of Defense, hold public 
hearings, and travel in furtherance of the board mandate. The board 
shall also be permitted, with assistance from personnel of the 
Department of Defense, to administer surveys and conduct field 
experiments to assess the viability of different policy options 
considered in the course of the activities of the Advisory Committee.

SEC. 524. TIME REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTIFICATION OF HONORABLE SERVICE.

    Upon the submission to the Secretary of a military department or a 
designated commissioned officer serving in the pay grade O-6 or higher 
by a member of the Armed Forces of a completed United States 
Citizenship and Immigration Services Form N-426, the Secretary or the 
Officer shall--
            (1) in the case of a member of the Armed Forces who has 
        served or is serving honorably on active duty, provide 
        certification that the nature of the member's service has been 
        honorable by not later than five days from receiving the form;
            (2) in the case of a member of the Armed Forces who has 
        served or is serving honorably in a Reserve Component of the 
        Armed Forces, provide such certification by not later than 
        three weeks from receiving the form; and
            (3) in the case of a member of the Armed Forces whose 
        service has been other than honorable, provide to the member 
        notice that a certification of honorable service will not be 
        provided and justification for why such certification will not 
        be provided--
                    (A) in the case of a member who has served or is 
                serving on active duty, by not later than five days 
                from receiving the form; and
                    (B) in the case of a member who has served or is 
                serving in a Reserve Component, by not later than three 
                weeks from receiving the form.

SEC. 525. PROHIBITION ON IMPLEMENTATION OF MILITARY SERVICE SUITABILITY 
              DETERMINATIONS FOR FOREIGN NATIONALS WHO ARE LAWFUL 
              PERMANENT RESIDENTS.

    The Secretary of Defense may not take any action to implement the 
memorandum titled ``Military Service Suitability Determinations for 
Foreign Nationals Who Are Lawful Permanent Residents'', issued by the 
Secretary and dated October 13, 2017, until the Secretary reports to 
the congressional defense committees the justification for the policy 
changes required by such memorandum.

SEC. 526. STRATEGIC PLAN FOR DIVERSITY AND INCLUSION.

    (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall design and 
implement a five-year strategic plan for diversity and inclusion in the 
Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements.--The strategic plan under this section--
            (1) shall be based on the strategic plan established under 
        section 2 of Executive Order 13583 (3 Fed. Reg. 13583 (August 
        18, 2011));
            (2) shall incorporate existing efforts to promote diversity 
        and inclusion within the Department; and
            (3) may not conflict with the objectives of the 2018 
        National Military Strategy.
    (c) Deadline.--The Secretary shall implement the strategic plan 
under this section on January 1, 2020.

SEC. 527. INDEPENDENT STUDY ON BARRIERS TO ENTRY INTO THE ARMED FORCES 
              FOR ENGLISH LEARNERS.

    (a) Independent Study.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall seek to seek 
to enter into a contract with a federally funded research and 
development center under which the center will conduct a study on 
barriers to entry into the Armed Forces for English learners.
    (b) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall--
            (1) identify barriers to entry into the Armed Forces for 
        English learners, including--
                    (A) challenges with military recruiters and 
                language proficiency;
                    (B) challenges with the assessment of potential 
                recruits, including the construction and delivery of 
                and testing time constraints related to the Armed 
                Services Vocational Aptitude Battery;
                    (C) challenges with dissemination of recruiting 
                information; and
                    (D) any other challenges that may be identified by 
                the federally funded research and development center in 
                the course of the study;
            (2) the effect of such barriers on--
                    (A) the number of interactions recruiters have with 
                English learners;
                    (B) the enlistment rate among populations of 
                English learners; and
                    (C) any other effects that may be identified by the 
                federally funded research and development center in the 
                course of the study;
            (3) an analysis of existing efforts and programs to remove 
        barriers to entry into the Armed Forces for English learners, 
        including an analysis of the scalability and sustainability of 
        such efforts and programs; and
            (4) additional opportunities to address such barriers, 
        including alternative assessments and Armed Services Vocational 
        Aptitude Battery preparation programs for English learners.
    (c) Submittal to Department of Defense.--Not later than 270 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the federally funded 
research and development that conducts the study under subsection (a) 
shall submit to the Secretary of Defense a report on the results of the 
study.
    (d) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than 30 days after the date 
on which the Secretary of Defense receives the report under subsection 
(c), the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
an unaltered copy of the report and any comments of the Secretary with 
respect to the report.
    (e) English Learner Defined.--In this section, the term ``English 
learner'' has the meaning given that term in section 8101 of the 
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).

SEC. 528. REENLISTMENT WAIVERS FOR PERSONS SEPARATED FROM THE ARMED 
              FORCES WHO COMMIT ONE MISDEMEANOR CANNABIS OFFENSE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations that permit any Secretary of a military department to grant 
a reenlistment waiver to a covered person if the Secretary determines 
that the reenlistment of that covered person is vital to the national 
interest.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered person'' means an individual--
                    (A) who has separated from the Armed Forces; and
                    (B) who has admitted to or been convicted by a 
                court of competent jurisdiction of a single violation--
                            (i) of any law of a State or the United 
                        States relating to the use or possession of 
                        cannabis;
                            (ii) that constitutes a misdemeanor; and
                            (iii) that occurred while that individual 
                        was not on active service in the Armed Forces.
            (2) The terms ``active service'' and ``military 
        department'' have the meanings given such terms in section 101 
        of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 529. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING ACCESSION PHYSICALS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) United States Military Entrance Processing Command 
        (``USMEPCOM'') operates 65 Military Entrance Processing 
        Stations (``MEPS'') dispersed throughout the 50 States and 
        Puerto Rico.
            (2) Applicants for accession into the Armed Forces must 
        travel to the closest MEPS to receive physical examinations, 
        are often driven by a military recruiter, and receive lodging 
        at a nearby hotel, paid for by the Armed Force represented by 
        that recruiter.
            (3) In 2015, USMEPCOM reported that 473,000 applicants from 
        the military and other agencies processed through the 65 MEPS, 
        for a total of 931,000 MEPS visits.
            (4) Section 1703 of title 38, United States Code, 
        authorizes the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to enter into 
        contracts with private health care providers for physical 
        examinations.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Secretary of Defense should explore alternatives to centralized 
accession physicals at MEPS, including conducting physicals through 
community health care providers, in order to reduce transportation 
costs, increase efficiency in processing times, and free recruiters to 
focus on the core of the recruiting mission.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

SEC. 531. COMMAND INFLUENCE.

    (a) In General.--Section 837 of title 10, United States Code 
(article 37 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Unlawfully influencing action of court'' 
        and inserting ``Command influence'';
            (2) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
    ``(a)(1) No court-martial convening authority, nor any other 
commanding officer, may censure, reprimand, or admonish the court or 
any member, military judge, or counsel thereof, with respect to the 
findings or sentence adjudged by the court, or with respect to any 
other exercise of its or his functions in the conduct of the 
proceeding.
    ``(2) No court-martial convening authority, nor any other 
commanding officer, may deter or attempt to deter a potential witness 
from participating in the investigatory process or testifying at a 
court-martial. The denial of a request to travel at government expense 
or refusal to make a witness available shall not by itself constitute 
unlawful command influence.
    ``(3) No person subject to this chapter may attempt to coerce or, 
by any unauthorized means, attempt to influence the action of a court-
martial or any other military tribunal or any member thereof, in 
reaching the findings or sentence in any case, or the action of any 
convening, approving, or reviewing authority or preliminary hearing 
officer with respect to such acts taken pursuant to this chapter as 
prescribed by the President.
    ``(4) Paragraphs (1) through (3) shall not apply with respect to--
            ``(A) general instructional or informational courses in 
        military justice if such courses are designed solely for the 
        purpose of instructing members of a command in the substantive 
        and procedural aspects of courts-martial;
            ``(B) statements regarding criminal activity or a 
        particular criminal offense that do not advocate a particular 
        disposition, or a particular court-martial finding, or 
        sentence; or
            ``(C) statements and instructions given in open court by 
        the military judge or counsel.
    ``(5)(A) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) through (3), but subject to 
subparagraph (B)--
            ``(i) a superior convening authority or officer may 
        generally discuss matters to consider regarding the disposition 
        of alleged violations of this chapter with a subordinate 
        convening authority or officer; and
            ``(ii) a subordinate convening authority or officer may 
        seek advice from a superior convening authority or officer 
        regarding the disposition of an alleged offense under this 
        chapter.
    ``(B) No superior convening authority or officer may direct a 
subordinate convening authority or officer to make a particular 
disposition in a specific case or otherwise substitute the discretion 
of such authority or such officer for that of the subordinate convening 
authority or officer.'';
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``advanced, in grade'' and 
                inserting ``advanced in grade''; and
                    (B) by striking ``accused before a court-martial'' 
                and inserting ``person in a court-martial proceeding''; 
                and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(c) No finding or sentence of a court-martial may be held 
incorrect on the ground of a violation of this section unless the 
violation materially prejudices the substantial rights of the accused.
    ``(d)(1) A superior convening authority or commanding officer may 
withhold the authority of a subordinate convening authority or officer 
to dispose of offenses in individual cases, types of cases, or 
generally.
    ``(2) Except as provided in paragraph (1) or as otherwise 
authorized by this chapter, a superior convening authority or 
commanding officer may not limit the discretion of a subordinate 
convening authority or officer to act with respect to a case for which 
the subordinate convening authority or officer has authority to dispose 
of the offenses.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
subchapter VII of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended by striking the item 
relating to section 837 (article 37) and inserting the following new 
item:

``837. Art. 37. Command influence.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) 
shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and shall 
apply with respect to violations of section 837 of title 10, United 
States Code (article 37 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
committed on or after such date.

SEC. 532. STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS FOR CERTAIN OFFENSES.

    (a) In General.--Section 843 of title 10, United States Code 
(article 43 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``maiming of a child, 
        kidnapping of a child,'' after ``sexual assault of a child,''; 
        and
            (2) in subsection (b)(2)(B)--
                    (A) by striking clauses (ii) and (iv); and
                    (B) by redesignating clause (iii) as clause (ii).
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and shall apply 
with respect to the prosecution of offenses committed before, on, or 
after the date of the enactment of this Act if the applicable 
limitation period has not yet expired.

SEC. 533. GUIDELINES ON SENTENCES FOR OFFENSES COMMITTED UNDER THE 
              UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE.

    (a) Guidelines Required.--Not later than the date specified in 
subsection (c), the Secretary of Defense shall establish nonbinding 
guidelines on sentences for offenses under chapter 47 of title 10, 
United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice). The 
guidelines shall provide the sentencing authority with a suggested 
range of punishments, including suggested ranges of confinement, that 
will generally be appropriate for a violation of each offense under 
such chapter.
    (b) Sentencing Data.--In developing the guidelines for sentences 
under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall take into account 
the sentencing data collected by the Military Justice Review Panel 
pursuant to section 946(f)(2) of title 10, United States Code (article 
146(f)(2) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
    (c) Date Specified.--The date specified in this subsection is the 
date that is not later than one year after the date on the which the 
first report of the Military Justice Review Panel is submitted to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives pursuant to section 946(f)(5) of title 10, United 
States Code (article 146(f)(5) of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice).

SEC. 534. EXPANSION OF RESPONSIBILITIES OF COMMANDERS FOR VICTIMS OF 
              SEXUAL ASSAULT COMMITTED BY ANOTHER MEMBER OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES.

    (a) Notification of Victims of Events in Military Justice 
Process.--
            (1) Notification required.--The commander of a member of 
        the Armed Forces who is the alleged victim of sexual assault 
        committed by another member of the Armed Forces shall provide 
        notification to such alleged victim of every key or other 
        significant event in the military justice process in connection 
        with the investigation, prosecution, and confinement of such 
        other member for sexual assault.
            (2) Documentation.--Each commander described in paragraph 
        (1) shall create and maintain appropriate documentation on any 
        notification provided as described in that paragraph.
    (b) Documetation of Victim's Preference on Jurisdiction in 
Prosecution.--In the case of a member of the Armed Forces who is the 
alleged victim of sexual assault committed by another member of the 
Armed Forces who is subject to prosecution for such offense both by 
court-martial under chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), and by a civilian court under State 
law, the commander of such alleged victim shall create and maintain 
appropriate documentation of the expressed preference, if any, of such 
alleged victim for prosecution of such offense by court-martial or by a 
civilian court as provided for by Rule 306(e) of the Rules for Court-
Martial.
    (c) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe in 
regulations the requirements applicable to each of the following:
            (1) Notifications under subsection (a)(1).
            (2) Documentation under subsection (a)(2).
            (3) Documentation under subsection (b).

SEC. 535. INCREASE IN INVESTIGATIVE PERSONNEL AND VICTIM WITNESS 
              ASSISTANCE PROGRAM LIAISONS.

    (a) Military Criminal Investigative Services.--
            (1) Minimum staffing level.--Not later than one year after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of each 
        military department shall ensure that the number of personnel 
        assigned to the military criminal investigative services of the 
        department is sufficient to ensure, to the extent practicable, 
        that the investigation of any sex-related offense is completed 
        not later than six months after the date on which the 
        investigation is initiated.
            (2) Status reports required.--Not later than one year after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, Secretary of each 
        military department shall issue guidance requiring that any 
        criminal investigator of the department who is assigned to 
        investigate a sex-related offense submits a status report to 
        the direct supervisor of such investigator in the event that 
        the investigation of such offense exceeds 90 days in duration. 
        Each status report shall include--
                    (A) a detailed explanation of the status of the 
                investigation;
                    (B) identification of any information that has not 
                yet been obtained but is necessary to complete the 
                investigation; and
                    (C) identification of any barriers preventing the 
                investigator from accessing such information.
    (b)  Victim Witness Assistance Program Liaisons.--Not later than 
one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
each military department shall increase the number of personnel serving 
as Victim Witness Assistance Program liaisons to address personnel 
shortages in the Victim Witness Assistance Program.

SEC. 536. INCREASE IN NUMBER OF DIGITAL FORENSIC EXAMINERS FOR THE 
              MILITARY CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION ORGANIZATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Each Secretary of a military department shall take 
appropriate actions to increase the number of digital forensic 
examiners in each military criminal investigation organization (MCIO) 
under the jurisdiction of such Secretary by not fewer than 10 from the 
authorized number of such examiners for such organization as of 
September 30, 2019.
    (b) Military Criminal Investigation Organizations.--For purposes of 
this section, the military criminal investigation organizations are the 
following:
            (1) The Army Criminal Investigation Command.
            (2) The Naval Criminal Investigative Service.
            (3) The Air Force Office of Special Investigations.
            (4) The Marine Corps. Criminal Investigation Division.
    (c) Funding.--Funds for additional digital forensic examiners as 
required by subsection (a) for fiscal year 2020, including for 
compensation, initial training, and equipment, shall be derived from 
amounts authorized to be appropriated for that fiscal year for the 
Armed Force concerned for operation and maintenance.

SEC. 537. PILOT PROGRAMS ON DEFENSE INVESTIGATORS IN THE MILITARY 
              JUSTICE SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--Each Secretary of a military department shall 
carry out a pilot program on defense investigators within the military 
justice system under the jurisdiction of such Secretary in order to do 
the following:
            (1) Determine whether the presence of defense investigators 
        within such military justice system will--
                    (A) make such military justice system more 
                effective in providing an effective defense for the 
                accused; and
                    (B) make such military justice system more fair and 
                efficient.
            (2) Otherwise assess the feasibility and advisability of 
        defense investigators as an element of such military justice 
        system.
    (b) Elements.--
            (1) Interview of victim.--A defense investigator may 
        question a victim under a pilot program only upon a request 
        made through the Special Victims' Counsel or other counsel if 
        the victim does not have such counsel.
            (2) Uniformity across military justice systems.--The 
        Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the personnel and 
        activities of defense investigators under the pilot programs 
        are, to the extent practicable, uniform across the military 
        justice systems of the military departments.
    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than three years after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, 
        in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
        departments, submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the pilot 
        programs under subsection (a).
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description of each pilot program, including 
                the personnel and activities of defense investigators 
                under such pilot program.
                    (B) An assessment of the feasibility and 
                advisability of establishing and maintaining defense 
                investigators as an element of the military justice 
                systems of the military departments.
                    (C) If the assessment under subparagraph (B) is 
                that the establishment and maintenance of defense 
                investigators as an element of the military justice 
                systems of the military departments is feasible and 
                advisable, such recommendations for legislative and 
                administrative action as the Secretary of Defense 
                considers appropriate to establish and maintain defense 
                investigators as an element of the military justice 
                systems.
                    (D) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense 
                considers appropriate.

SEC. 538. PILOT PROGRAM ON PROSECUTION OF SPECIAL VICTIM OFFENSES 
              COMMITTED BY ATTENDEES OF MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMIES.

    (a) Pilot Program.--Beginning not later than January 1, 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense shall carry out a pilot program (referred to in 
this section as the ``Pilot Program'') under which the Secretary shall 
establish, in accordance with this section, an independent authority 
to--
            (1) review each covered special victim offense; and
            (2) determine whether such offense shall be referred to 
        trial by an appropriate court-martial convening authority.
    (b) Office of the Chief Prosecutor.--
            (1) Establishment.--As part of the Pilot Program, the 
        Secretary shall establish, within the Office of the Secretary 
        of Defense, an Office of the Chief Prosecutor.
            (2) Head of office.--The head of the Office shall be known 
        as the Chief Prosecutor. The Secretary shall appoint as the 
        Chief Prosecutor a commissioned officer in the grade of O-7 or 
        above who--
                    (A) has significant experience prosecuting sexual 
                assault trials by court-martial; and
                    (B) is outside the chain of command of any cadet or 
                midshipman described in subsection (f)(2).
            (3) Responsibilities.--The Chief Prosecutor shall exercise 
        the authorities described in subsection (c) but only with 
        respect to covered special victim offenses.
            (4) Special rule.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, the military service from which the Chief Prosecutor is 
        appointed is authorized an additional billet for a general 
        officer or a flag officer for each year in the two year period 
        beginning with the year in which the appointment is made.
            (5) Termination.--The Office of the Chief Prosecutor shall 
        terminate on the date on which the Pilot Program terminates 
        under subsection (e).
    (c) Referral to Office of the Chief Prosecutor.--
            (1) Investigation phase.--
                    (A) Notice and information.--A military criminal 
                investigative organization that receives an allegation 
                of a covered special victim offense shall provide to 
                the Chief Prosecutor and the commander of the military 
                service academy concerned--
                            (i) timely notice of such allegation; and
                            (ii) any information and evidence obtained 
                        as the result a subsequent investigation into 
                        the allegation.
                    (B) Trial counsel.--A trial counsel assigned to a 
                case involving a covered special victim offense shall, 
                during the investigative phase of such case, provide 
                the Chief Prosecutor with the information necessary to 
                enable the Chief Prosecutor to make the determination 
                required under paragraph (3).
            (2) Referral to chief prosecutor.--In the case of a charge 
        relating to a covered special victim offense, in addition to 
        referring the charge to the staff judge advocate under 
        subsection (a) or (b) of section 834 of title 10, United States 
        Code (article 34 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), the 
        convening authority of the Armed Force of which the accused is 
        a member shall refer, as soon as reasonably practicable, the 
        charge to the Chief Prosecutor to make the determination 
        required by paragraph (3).
            (3) Prosecutorial determination.--The Chief Prosecutor 
        shall make a determination regarding whether a charge relating 
        to a covered special victim offense shall be referred to trial. 
        If the Chief Prosecutor makes a determination that the charge 
        shall be tried by court-martial, the Chief Prosecutor also 
        shall determine whether the charge shall be tried by a general 
        court-martial convened under section 822 of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 22 of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice) or a special court-martial convened under section 823 
        of such title (article 23 of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice). The determination of whether to try a charge relating 
        to a covered special victim offense by court-martial shall 
        include a determination of whether to try any known offenses, 
        including any lesser included offenses.
            (4) Effect of determination and appeals process.--
                    (A) Determination to proceed to trial.--Subject to 
                subparagraph (C) determination to try a charge relating 
                to a covered special victim offense by court-martial 
                under paragraph (3), and the determination as to the 
                type of court-martial, shall be binding on any 
                convening authority under chapter 47 of title 10, 
                United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice) for a trial by court-martial on the charge.
                    (B) Determination not to proceed to trial.--Subject 
                to subparagraph (C) determination under paragraph (3) 
                not to proceed to trial on a charge relating to a 
                covered special victim offense by general or special 
                court-martial shall be binding on any convening 
                authority under chapter 47 of title 10, United States 
                Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice) except that 
                such determination shall not operate to terminate or 
                otherwise alter the authority of the convening 
                authority--
                            (i) to proceed to trial by court-martial on 
                        charges of collateral misconducted related to 
                        the special victim offense; or
                            (ii) to impose non-judicial punishment in 
                        connection with the conduct covered by the 
                        charge as authorized by section 815 of such 
                        title (article 15 of the Uniform Code of 
                        Military Justice).
                    (C) Appeal.--In a case in which a convening 
                authority and the staff judge advocate advising such 
                authority disagree with the determination of the Chief 
                Prosecutor under paragraph (3), the convening authority 
                and staff judge advocate may jointly appeal the 
                determination to the General Counsel of the Department 
                of Defense. The determination of the General Counsel 
                with respect to such appeal shall be binding on the 
                Chief Prosecutor and the convening authority concerned.
            (5) Trial by randomized jury.--After the Chief Prosecutor 
        makes a determination under paragraph (3) to proceed to trial 
        on a charge relating to a covered special victim offense, the 
        matter shall be tried by a court-martial convened within the 
        Armed Force of which the accused is a member in accordance with 
        the applicable provisions of chapter 47 of title 10, United 
        States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice) except that, 
        when convening a court-martial that is a general or special 
        court-martial involving a covered special victim offense in 
        which the accused elects a jury trial, the convening authority 
        shall detail members of the Armed Forces as members thereof at 
        random unless the obtainability of members of the Armed Forces 
        for such court-martial prevents the convening authority from 
        detailing such members at random.
            (6) Unlawful influence or coercion.--The actions of the 
        Chief Prosecutor under this subsection whether or not to try 
        charges by court-martial shall be free of unlawful or 
        unauthorized influence or coercion.
    (d) Effect on Other Law.--This section shall supersede any 
provision of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform 
Code of Military Justice), that is inconsistent with this section, but 
only to the extent of the inconsistency.
    (e) Termination and Transition.--
            (1) Termination.--The authority of the Secretary to carry 
        out the Pilot Program shall terminate four years after the date 
        on which the Pilot Program is initiated.
            (2) Transition.--The Secretary shall take such actions as 
        are necessary to ensure that, on the date on which the Pilot 
        Program terminates under paragraph (1), any matter referred to 
        the Chief Prosecutor under subsection (c)(2), but with respect 
        to which the Chief Prosecutor has not made a determination 
        under subsection (c)(3), shall be transferred to the 
        appropriate convening authority for consideration.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``Armed Force'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 101(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) The term ``covered special victim offense'' means a 
        special victim offense--
                    (A) alleged to have been committed on or after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act by a cadet of the 
                United States Military Academy or the United States Air 
                Force Academy, without regard to the location at which 
                the offense was committed; or
                    (B) alleged to have been committed on or after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act by a midshipman of 
                the United States Naval Academy, without regard to the 
                location at which the offense was committed.
            (3) The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of Defense.
            (4) The term ``special victim offense'' means any of the 
        following:
                    (A) An offense under section 917a, 920, 920b, 920c, 
                or 930 of title 10, United States Code (article 117a, 
                120, 120b, 120c, or 130 of the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice).
                    (B) A conspiracy to commit an offense specified in 
                subparagraph (A) as punishable under section 881 of 
                such title (article 81 of the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice).
                    (C) A solicitation to commit an offense specified 
                in subparagraph (A) as punishable under section 882 of 
                such title (article 82 of the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice).
                    (D) An attempt to commit an offense specified in 
                subparagraph (A) as punishable under section 880 of 
                such title (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice).

SEC. 539. TIMELY DISPOSITION OF NONPROSECUTABLE SEX-RELATED OFFENSES.

    (a) Policy Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
implement a policy to ensure the timely disposition of nonprosecutable 
sex-related offenses in accordance with subsection (b).
    (b) Elements.--The policy developed under subsection (a) shall 
require the following:
            (1) Not later than seven days after the date on which a 
        court-martial convening authority declines to refer a 
        nonprosecutable sex-related offense for trial by general or 
        special court-martial under chapter 47 of title 10, United 
        States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), the 
        convening authority will forward the investigation to the 
        commander of the accused.
            (2) Not later than 90 days after the date on which the 
        commander of the accused receives the investigation under 
        paragraph (1)--
                    (A) the commander will determine whether or not to 
                take other judicial, nonjudicial, or administrative 
                action in connection with the conduct covered by the 
                investigation, including any lesser included offenses, 
                as authorized under section 815 of title 10, United 
                States Code (article 15 of the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice); and
                    (B) in a case in which the commander of the accused 
                decides to take additional action under subparagraph 
                (A), the commander take such actions as appropriate.
    (c) Nonprosecutable Sex-related Offense Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``nonprosecutable sex-related offense'' means an alleged sex-
related offense (as that term is defined in section 1044e(g) of title 
10, United States Code) that a court-martial convening authority has 
declined to refer for trial by a general or special court-martial under 
chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice) due to a determination that there is insufficient 
evidence to support prosecution of the sex-related offense.

SEC. 540. TRAINING FOR SEXUAL ASSAULT INITIAL DISPOSITION AUTHORITIES 
              ON EXERCISE OF DISPOSITION AUTHORITY FOR SEXUAL ASSAULT 
              AND COLLATERAL OFFENSES.

    (a) In General.--The training for sexual assault initial 
Disposition authorities on the exercise of disposition authority under 
chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice), with respect to cases for which disposition 
authority is withheld to such authorities by the April 20, 2012, 
memorandum of the Secretary of Defense, or any successor memorandum, 
shall include comprehensive training on the exercise by such 
authorities of such authority with respect to such cases in order to 
enhance the capabilities of such Authorities in the exercise of such 
authority and thereby promote confidence and trust in the military 
justice process with respect to such cases.
    (b) Memorandum of Secretary of Defense.--The April 20, 2012, 
memorandum of the Secretary of Defense referred to in subsection (a) is 
the memorandum of the Secretary of Defense entitled ``Withholding 
Initial Disposition Authority Under the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice in Certain Sexual Assault Cases'' and dated April 20, 2012.

                    Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

SEC. 541. STANDARD OF EVIDENCE APPLICABLE TO INVESTIGATIONS AND REVIEWS 
              RELATED TO PROTECTED COMMUNICATIONS OF MEMBERS OF THE 
              ARMED FORCES AND PROHIBITED RETALIATORY ACTIONS.

    (a) Standard of Evidence.--Section 1034 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(1)(B)(ii), by striking ``as defined 
        in subsection (i)'' and inserting ``as defined in subsection 
        (k)'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (i) and (j) as subsections 
        (j) and (k), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (h) the following new 
        subsection (i):
    ``(i) Standard of Evidence.--A finding or other determination made 
under any of subsections (c), (d), (g), or (h) may be based on the 
standards of evidence specified in section 1221(e) of title 5.''.
    (b) Applicability.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall not 
apply to members of the Coast Guard.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the date that is 30 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, and shall apply with respect to allegations pending or 
submitted under section 1034 of title 10, United States Code, on or 
after that date.

SEC. 542. EXPANSION OF SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL FOR VICTIMS OF SEX-
              RELATED OR DOMESTIC VIOLENCE OFFENSES.

    (a) In General.--Section 1044e of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``sex-related'' and 
        inserting ``sex-related or domestic violence'';
            (2) by striking ``alleged sex-related offense'' each place 
        it appears and inserting ``alleged sex-related offense or 
        alleged domestic violence offense'';
            (3) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``an individual 
                described in paragraph (2)'' and inserting ``an 
                individual described in paragraph (3)'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph 
                (3); and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
                new paragraph (2):
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned shall designate paralegals (to be 
known as `Special Victims' Counsel Paralegals') for the purpose of 
providing paralegal assistance to Special Victims' Counsel.'';
            (4) in subsection (b)(2), by inserting ``or the Family 
        Advocacy Program'' after ``Victim Witness Assistance Program'';
            (5) in subsection (d)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by striking ``Special Victims' 
                        Counsel'' and inserting ``Special Victims' 
                        Counsel and a Special Victims' Counsel 
                        Paralegal''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``Special 
                Victims' Counsel.'' and inserting ``and a Special 
                Victims' Counsel Paralegal; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
            ``(C) ensure that a Special Victims' Counsel receives the 
        training necessary to meet the needs of a victim of an alleged 
        sex-related offense or an alleged domestic violence offense.'';
            (6) in subsection (f)(1), by inserting ``a representative 
        of the Family Advocacy Program,'' after ``Sexual Assault Victim 
        Advocate,'';
            (7) by amending subsection (g) to read as follows:
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `alleged sex-related offense' means any 
        allegation of--
                    ``(A) a violation of section 920, 920b, 920c, or 
                930 of this title (article 120, 120b, 120c, or 130 of 
                the Uniform Code of Military Justice); or
                    ``(B) an attempt to commit an offense specified in 
                a subparagraph (A) as punishable under section 880 of 
                this title (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice).
            ``(2) The term `alleged domestic violence offense' means 
        any allegation of--
                    ``(A) a violation of section 928b of this title 
                (article 128b of the Uniform Code of Military Justice); 
                or
                    ``(B) an attempt to commit such an offense as 
                punishable under section 880 of this title (article 80 
                of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).''; and
            (8) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(i) Minimum Staffing Level.--Not later than two years after the 
date of enactment of this subsection, the Secretaries concerned shall 
ensure that the number Special Victims' Counsel serving in each 
military department is sufficient to ensure that the average caseload 
of a Special Victims' Counsel does not exceed 25 cases at any given 
time.
    ``(j) Report Required.--Not later than December 1, 2022, the 
Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries concerned, 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives a report that includes--
            ``(1) an analysis of the caseloads of Special Victims' 
        Counsel and Special Victims' Counsel Paralegals, respectively;
            ``(2) an assessment of the ability of the military 
        departments to fill additional authorized billets for the 
        Special Victims' Counsel program to meet mission requirements; 
        and
            ``(3) a description of how the training requirements for 
        the Special Victims' Counsel program have been expanded to meet 
        the needs of victims of alleged domestic violence offenses.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 53 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 1044e and inserting the following new item:

``1044e. Special Victims' Counsel for victims of sex-related or 
                            domestic violence offenses.''.

SEC. 543. NOTIFICATION OF ISSUANCE OF MILITARY PROTECTIVE ORDER TO 
              CIVILIAN LAW ENFORCEMENT.

    (a) Notification of Issuance.--Section 1567a of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``and any individual 
        involved in the order does not reside on a military 
        installation at any time during the duration of the military 
        protective order, the commander of the military installation 
        shall notify'' and inserting ``, the commander of the unit to 
        which the member is assigned shall, not later than seven days 
        after the date of the issuance of the order, notify'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c);
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection (b);
    ``(b) Notification in Event of Transfer.--In the event that a 
member of the armed forces against whom a military protective order is 
issued is transferred to another unit--
            ``(1) not later than the date of the transfer, the 
        commander of the unit from which the member is transferred 
        shall notify the commander of the unit to which the member is 
        transferred of--
                    ``(A) the issuance of the protective order; and
                    ``(B) the individuals involved in the order; and
            ``(2) not later than seven days after receiving the notice 
        under paragraph (1), the commander of the unit to which the 
        member is transferred shall provide notice of the order to the 
        appropriate civilian authorities in accordance with subsection 
        (a).''; and
            (4) in subsection (c), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``commander of the military installation'' and inserting 
        ``commander of the unit to which the member is assigned''.
    (b) Annual Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2020, and each 
year thereafter through 2024, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report that identifies--
            (1) the number of military protective orders issued in the 
        calendar year preceding the year in which the report is 
        submitted; and
            (2) the number of such orders that were reported to 
        appropriate civilian authorities in accordance with section 
        1567a(a) of title 10, United States Code, in such preceding 
        year.

SEC. 544. CLARIFICATIONS REGARDING SCOPE OF EMPLOYMENT AND REEMPLOYMENT 
              RIGHTS OF MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.

    (a) Clarification Regarding Definition of Rights and Benefits.--
Section 4303(2) of title 38, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(A)'' before ``The term''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(B) Any procedural protections or provisions set forth in 
        this chapter shall also be considered a right or benefit 
        subject to the protection of this chapter.''.
    (b) Clarification Regarding Relation to Other Law and Plans for 
Agreements.--Section 4302 of such title is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
    ``(c)(1) Pursuant to this section and the procedural rights 
afforded by subchapter III of this chapter, any agreement to arbitrate 
a claim under this chapter is unenforceable, unless all parties consent 
to arbitration after a complaint on the specific claim has been filed 
in court or with the Merit Systems Protection Board and all parties 
knowingly and voluntarily consent to have that particular claim 
subjected to arbitration.
    ``(2) For purposes of this subsection, consent shall not be 
considered voluntary when a person is required to agree to arbitrate an 
action, complaint, or claim alleging a violation of this chapter as a 
condition of future or continued employment, advancement in employment, 
or receipt of any right or benefit of employment.''.

SEC. 545. MILITARY ORDERS REQUIRED FOR TERMINATION OF LEASES PURSUANT 
              TO THE SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF ACT.

    Section 305(i) of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 
3955) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``(including orders for 
        separation or retirement)'' after ``official military orders''; 
        and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) Permanent change of station.--The term `permanent 
        change of station' includes separation or retirement from 
        military service.''.

SEC. 546. CONSULTATION REGARDING VICTIM'S PREFERENCE IN PROSECUTION 
              JURISDICTION.

    Section 534(b) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 
113-291; 10 U.S.C. 1044e note) is amended by--
            (1) redesignating paragraphs (2) through (4) as paragraphs 
        (3) through (5), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph (2):
            ``(2) Record of consultation and victim preference.--The 
        Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Personnel and Readiness, shall issue guidance to 
        ensure that the consultation under paragraph (1) is provided to 
        each victim of an alleged sex-related offense described in such 
        paragraph. Such guidance shall require that the following 
        information about each consultation is recorded and preserved 
        in written or electronic format:
                    ``(A) The time and date of the consultation.
                    ``(B) The name of the individual who consulted with 
                the victim.
                    ``(C) The result of the consultation, including--
                            ``(i) whether the victim expressed a 
                        preference under paragraph (1); and
                            ``(ii) if the victim expressed a 
                        preference, whether the victim preferred that 
                        the offense be prosecuted by court-martial or 
                        in a civilian court.''.

SEC. 547. EXTENSION AND EXPANSION OF DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON 
              INVESTIGATION, PROSECUTION, AND DEFENSE OF SEXUAL ASSAULT 
              IN THE ARMED FORCES.

    Section 546 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (10 U.S.C. 1561 
note) is amended--
            (1) by amending paragraph (2) of subsection (c) to read as 
        follows:
            ``(2) Basis for provision of advice.--For purposes of 
        providing advice to the Secretary pursuant to this subsection, 
        the Advisory Committee shall--
                    ``(A) review, on an ongoing basis, cases involving 
                allegations of sexual misconduct described in paragraph 
                (1);
                    ``(B) study the feasibility of incorporating 
                restorative justice models into the Uniform Code of 
                Military Justice; and
                    ``(C) review Rule for Courts-Martial 1001(c) (as 
                set forth in the Manual for Courts-Martial, 2019 
                edition, or any successor rule) to determine whether, 
                and to what extent, the interpretation of that rule by 
                military courts--
                            ``(i) limits the ability of sexual assault 
                        victims to make statements during presentencing 
                        proceedings; and
                            ``(ii) limits the content of such 
                        statements.''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``five years'' and 
        inserting ``ten years''.

SEC. 548. DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR THE PREVENTION OF SEXUAL 
              MISCONDUCT.

    (a) Establishment Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
        and maintain within the Department of Defense an advisory 
        committee to be known as the ``Defense Advisory Committee for 
        the Prevention of Sexual Misconduct'' (in this section referred 
        to as the ``Advisory Committee'').
            (2) Deadline for establishment.--The Secretary shall 
        establish the Advisory Committee not later than 180 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Membership.--
            (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall consist of 
        not more than 20 members, appointed by the Secretary from among 
        individuals who have an expertise appropriate for the work of 
        the Advisory Committee, including at least one individual with 
        each expertise as follows:
                    (A) Expertise in the prevention of sexual assault 
                and behaviors on the sexual assault continuum of harm.
                    (B) Expertise in the prevention of suicide.
                    (C) Expertise in trauma and trauma symptoms.
                    (D) Expertise in the change of culture of large 
                organizations.
                    (E) Expertise in implementation science.
            (2) Background of individuals.--Individuals appointed to 
        the Advisory Committee may include individuals with expertise 
        in sexual assault prevention efforts of institutions of higher 
        education, public health officials, and such other individuals 
        as the Secretary considers appropriate.
            (3) Prohibition on membership of members of armed forces on 
        active duty.--A member of the Armed Forces serving on active 
        duty may not serve as a member of the Advisory Committee.
    (c) Duties.--
            (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall advise the 
        Secretary on the following:
                    (A) The prevention of sexual assault (including 
                rape, forcible sodomy, other sexual assault, and other 
                sexual misconduct (including behaviors on the sexual 
                assault continuum of harm)) involving members of the 
                Armed Forces.
                    (B) The policies, programs, and practices of each 
                military department, each Armed Force, and each 
                military service academy for the prevention of sexual 
                assault as described in subparagraph (A).
            (2) Basis for provision of advice.--For purposes of 
        providing advice to the Secretary pursuant to this subsection, 
        the Advisory Committee shall review, on an ongoing basis, the 
        following:
                    (A) Closed cases involving allegations of sexual 
                assault described in paragraph (1).
                    (B) Efforts of institutions of higher education to 
                prevent sexual assault among students.
                    (C) Any other information or matters that the 
                Advisory Committee or the Secretary considers 
                appropriate.
            (3) Coordination of efforts.--In addition to the reviews 
        required by paragraph (2), for purposes of providing advice to 
        the Secretary the Advisory Committee shall also consult and 
        coordinate with the Defense Advisory Committee on 
        Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in 
        the Armed Forces (DAC-IPAD) on matters of joint interest to the 
        two Advisory Committees.
    (d) Annual Report.--Not later than March 30 each year, the Advisory 
Committee shall submit to the Secretary and the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
activities of the Advisory Committee pursuant to this section during 
the preceding year.
    (e) Sexual Assault Continuum of Harm.--In this section, the term 
``sexual assault continuum of harm'' includes--
            (1) inappropriate actions (such as sexist jokes), sexual 
        harassment, gender discrimination, hazing, cyber bullying, or 
        other behavior that contributes to a culture that is tolerant 
        of, or increases risk for, sexual assault; and
            (2) maltreatment or ostracism of a victim for a report of 
        sexual misconduct.
    (f) Termination.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        Advisory Committee shall terminate on the date that is five 
        years after the date of the establishment of the Advisory 
        Committee pursuant to subsection (a).
            (2) Continuation.--The Secretary of Defense may continue 
        the Advisory Committee after the termination date applicable 
        under paragraph (1) if the Secretary determines that 
        continuation of the Advisory Committee after that date is 
        advisable and appropriate. If the Secretary determines to 
        continue the Advisory Committee after that date, the Secretary 
        shall notify the Committees on the Armed Services of the Senate 
        and House of Representatives.

SEC. 549. SAFE TO REPORT POLICY APPLICABLE ACROSS THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation 
with the Secretaries of the military departments, prescribe in 
regulations a safe to report policy described in subsection (b) that 
applies with respect to all members of the Armed Forces (including 
members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces) and cadets and 
midshipmen at the military service academies.
    (b) Safe to Report Policy.--The safe to report policy described in 
this subsection is a policy under which a member of the Armed Forces 
who is the alleged victim of sexual assault, but who may have committed 
minor collateral misconduct at or about the time of such sexual 
assault, or whose minor collateral misconduct is discovered only as a 
result of the investigation into such sexual assault, may report such 
sexual assault to proper authorities without fear or receipt of 
discipline in connection with such minor collateral misconduct absent 
aggravating circumstances that increase the gravity of the minor 
collateral misconduct or its impact on good order and discipline.
    (c) Minor Collateral Misconduct.--For purposes of the safe to 
report policy, minor collateral misconduct shall include any of the 
following:
            (1) Improper use or possession of alcohol.
            (2) Consensual intimate behavior (including adultery) or 
        fraternization.
            (3) Presence in an off-limits area.
            (4) Such other misconduct as the Secretary of Defense shall 
        specify in the regulations under subsection (a).
    (d) Aggravating Circumstances.--The regulations under subsection 
(a) shall specify aggravating circumstances that increase the gravity 
of minor collateral misconduct or its impact on good order and 
discipline for purposes of the safe to report policy.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``Armed Forces'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 101(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code, 
        except such term does not include the Coast Guard.
            (2) The term ``military service academy'' means the 
        following:
                    (A) The United States Military Academy.
                    (B) The United States Naval Academy.
                    (C) The United States Air Force Academy.

SEC. 550. AVAILABILITY OF SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL AND SPECIAL VICTIM 
              PROSECUTORS AT MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Deadline for Availability.--
            (1) In general.--If an individual specified in paragraph 
        (2) is not available at a military installation for access by a 
        member of the Armed Forces who requests access to such an 
        individual, such an individual shall be made available at such 
        installation for access by such member by not later than 48 
        hours after such request.
            (2) Individuals.--The individuals specified in this 
        paragraph are the following:
                    (A) Special Victims' Counsel (SVC).
                    (B) Special Victim Prosecutor (SPC).
    (b) Report on Civilian Support of SVCs.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, each Secretary of a 
military department shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting forth the 
assessment of such Secretary of the feasibility and advisability of 
establishing and maintaining at each installation under the 
jurisdiction of such Secretary with a Special Victims' Counsel one or 
more civilian positions for the purpose of--
            (1) providing support to such Special Victims' Counsel; and
            (2) ensuring continuity and the preservation of 
        institutional knowledge in transitions between the service of 
        individuals as Special Victims' Counsel at such installation.

SEC. 550A. NOTICE TO VICTIMS OF ALLEGED SEXUAL ASSAULT OF PENDENCY OF 
              FURTHER ADMINISTRATIVE ACTION FOLLOWING A DETERMINATION 
              NOT TO REFER TO TRIAL BY COURT-MARTIAL.

    Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, upon a 
determination not to refer a case of alleged sexual assault for trial 
by court-martial under chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), the commander making such 
determination shall periodically notify the victim of the status of a 
final determination on further action on such case, whether non-
judicial punishment under section 815 of such title (article 15 of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), other administrative action, or no 
further action. Such notifications shall continue not less frequently 
than monthly until such final determination.

SEC. 550B. TRAINING FOR SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL ON CIVILIAN CRIMINAL 
              JUSTICE MATTERS IN THE STATES OF THE MILITARY 
              INSTALLATIONS TO WHICH ASSIGNED.

    (a) Training.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in subsection (c), upon 
        the assignment of a Special Victims' Counsel (including a 
        Victim Legal Counsel of the Navy) to a military installation in 
        the United States, such Counsel shall be provided appropriate 
        training on the law and policies of the State or States in 
        which such military installation is located with respect to the 
        criminal justice matters specified in paragraph (2). The 
        purpose of the training is to assist such Counsel in providing 
        victims of alleged sex-related offenses with information 
        necessary to make an informed decision regarding preference as 
        to the jurisdiction (whether court-martial or State court) in 
        which such offenses will be prosecuted.
            (2) Criminal justice matters.--The criminal justice matters 
        specified in this paragraph, with respect to a State, are the 
        following:
                    (A) Victim rights.
                    (B) Prosecution of criminal offenses.
                    (C) Sentencing for conviction of criminal offenses.
    (b) Alleged Sex-related Offense Defined.--In this section, the term 
``alleged sex-related offense'' means any allegation of--
            (1) a violation of section 920, 920b, 920c, or 930 of title 
        10, United States Code (article 120, 120b, 120c, or 130 of the 
        Uniform Code of Military Justice); or
            (2) an attempt to commit an offense specified in a 
        paragraph (1) as punishable under section 880 of title 10, 
        United States Code (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice).
    (c) Exception.--The requirements of this section do not apply to a 
Special Victims' Counsel of the Coast Guard.

                      Subtitle F--Member Education

SEC. 551. AUTHORITY FOR DETAIL OF CERTAIN ENLISTED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES AS STUDENTS AT LAW SCHOOLS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 101 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating sections 2004a and 2004b as sections 
        2004b and 2004c, respectively;
            (2) by inserting after section 2004 the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 2004a. Detail as students at law schools: certain enlisted 
              members
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of each military department may, 
under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, detail 
enlisted members of the armed forces as students at accredited law 
schools, located in the United States, for a period of training leading 
to the degree of bachelor of laws or juris doctor. No more than twenty-
five officers from each military department may commence such training 
in any single fiscal year.
    ``(b) Eligibility for Detail.--To be eligible for detail under 
subsection (a), a member must be a citizen of the United States and 
must--
            ``(1) as of the time training is to begin--
                    ``(A) have served on active duty for a period of 
                not less than four years nor more than eight years;
                    ``(B) be in pay grade E-5 or E-6; and
                    ``(C) meet all requirements for acceptance of a 
                commission as a commissioned officer in the armed 
                forces; and
            ``(2) sign an agreement that, unless sooner separated, the 
        member will--
                    ``(A) complete the educational course of legal 
                training;
                    ``(B) upon completion of the educational course of 
                legal training--
                            ``(i) accept a commission as a commissioned 
                        officer in the armed forces; and
                            ``(ii) accept transfer or detail as a judge 
                        advocate or law specialist within the 
                        department concerned; and
                    ``(C) agree to serve on active duty following 
                completion or other termination of the educational 
                course of legal training for a period of two years for 
                each year or part thereof of such training.
    ``(c) Selection.--Members detailed for legal training under 
subsection (a) shall be selected on a competitive basis by the 
Secretary of the military department concerned, under the regulations 
required by subsection (a).
    ``(d) Service and Service Obligations.--(1) Except as provided in 
paragraph (2), any service obligation incurred by a member under an 
agreement entered into under subsection (b) shall be in addition to any 
service obligation incurred by the member under any other provision of 
law or agreement.
    ``(2)(A) A member who does not successfully complete a course of 
legal training to which detailed pursuant to this section shall cease 
such detail and return to the armed force concerned as an enlisted 
member.
    ``(B) Any time of a member described by subparagraph (A) in a 
course of legal training described in that subparagraph shall not count 
toward satisfaction of any period of service required under the current 
contract or agreement of the member for enlistment in the armed forces.
    ``(e) Limitation on Number Detailable.--The aggregate number of 
enlisted members detailed under this section and commissioned officers 
detailed under section 2004 of this title in any fiscal year by a 
Secretary of a military department may not exceed 25.
    ``(f) Other Administrative Matters.--Subsections (d) and (f) of 
section 2004 of this title shall apply to the detail of members under 
this section, except that any reference in such section to an `officer' 
shall be deemed to be a reference to an `enlisted member' for such 
purposes.''.

SEC. 552. EDUCATION OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES ON CAREER READINESS 
              AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) Programs of Education Required.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 101 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 2015 the following 
        new section:
``Sec. 2015a. Education of members on career readiness and professional 
              development
    ``(a) Program of Education Required.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall carry out a program to provide education on career readiness and 
professional development to members of the armed forces.
    ``(b) Elements.--The program under this section shall provide 
members with the following:
            ``(1) Information on the transition plan as described in 
        section 1142(b)(10) of this title.
            ``(2) Information on opportunities available to members 
        during military service for professional development and 
        preparation for a career after military service, including--
                    ``(A) programs of education, certification, 
                training, and employment assistance (including programs 
                under sections 1143(e), 2007, and 2015 of this title); 
                and
                    ``(B) programs and resources available to members 
                in communities in the vicinity of military 
                installations.
            ``(3) Instruction on the use of online and other electronic 
        mechanisms in order to access the education, training, and 
        assistance and resources described in paragraph (2).
            ``(4) Such other information, instruction, and matters as 
        the Secretary shall specify for purposes of this section.
    ``(c) Timing of Provision of Information.--Subject to subsection 
(d), information, instruction, and other matters under the program 
under this section shall be provided to members at the times as 
follows:
            ``(1) Upon arrival at first duty station.
            ``(2) Upon arrival at any subsequent duty station.
            ``(3) Upon deployment.
            ``(4) Upon promotion.
            ``(5) Upon reenlistment.
            ``(6) At any other point in a military career specified by 
        the Secretary for purposes of this section
    ``(d) Single Provision of Information in a Year With Multiple 
Events.--A member who has received information and instruction under 
the program under this section in connection with an event specified in 
subsection (c) in a year may elect not to undergo additional receipt of 
information and instruction under the program in connection with 
another such event in the year, unless such other event is arrival at a 
new duty station.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 101 of such title is amended by inserting 
        after the item relating to section 2015 the following new item:

``2015a. Education of members on career readiness and professional 
                            development.''.
    (b) Report on Implementation.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on 
        the program of education required by section 2015a of title 10, 
        United States Code (as added by subsection (a)), including the 
        following:
                    (A) A comprehensive description of the actions 
                taken to implement the program of education.
                    (B) A comprehensive description of the program of 
                education.
            (2) Appropriate committees of congress defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
        means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Veterans' Affairs of the House of 
                Representatives.

SEC. 553. DEFENSE LANGUAGE INSTITUTE FOREIGN LANGUAGE CENTER.

    (a) Authority to Award Bachelor's Degrees.--Section 2168 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``Associate'' and 
        inserting ``Associate or Bachelor''; and
            (2) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
    ``(a) Subject to subsection (b), the Commandant of the Defense 
Language Institute may confer--
            ``(1) an Associate of Arts degree in a foreign language 
        upon any graduate of the Foreign Language Center of the 
        Institute who fulfills the requirements for that degree; or
            ``(2) a Bachelor of Arts degree in a foreign language upon 
        any graduate of the Foreign Language Center of the Institute 
        who fulfills the requirements for that degree.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 108 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 2168 and inserting the following new item:

``2168. Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center: degree of 
                            Associate or Bachelor of Arts in foreign 
                            language.''.

SEC. 554. EXPANSION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE STARBASE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 2193b of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``science, 
        mathematics, and technology'' and inserting ``science, 
        technology, engineering, art and design, and mathematics'';
            (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``science, mathematics, 
        and technology'' and inserting ``science, technology, 
        engineering, art and design, and mathematics''; and
            (3) in subsection (b), by striking ``mathematics, science, 
        and technology'' and inserting ``science, technology, 
        engineering, art and design, and mathematics'';
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 111 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 2193b and inserting the following new item:

``2193b. Improvement of education in technical fields: program for 
                            support of elementary and secondary 
                            education in science, technology, 
                            engineering, art and design, and 
                            mathematics.''.

SEC. 555. DEGREE GRANTING AUTHORITY FOR UNITED STATES ARMY ARMAMENT 
              GRADUATE SCHOOL.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 751 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 7422. Degree granting authority for United States Army Armament 
              Graduate School
    ``(a) Authority.--Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of 
the Army, the Chancellor of the United States Army Armament Graduate 
School may, upon the recommendation of the faculty and provost of the 
college, confer appropriate degrees upon graduates who meet the degree 
requirements.
    ``(b) Limitation.--A degree may not be conferred under this section 
unless--
            ``(1) the Secretary of Education has recommended approval 
        of the degree in accordance with the Federal Policy Governing 
        Granting of Academic Degrees by Federal Agencies; and
            ``(2) the United States Army Armament Graduate School is 
        accredited by the appropriate civilian academic accrediting 
        agency or organization to award the degree, as determined by 
        the Secretary of Education.
    ``(c) Congressional Notification Requirements.--(1) When seeking to 
establish degree granting authority under this section, the Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives--
            ``(A) a copy of the self-assessment questionnaire required 
        by the Federal Policy Governing Granting of Academic Degrees by 
        Federal Agencies, at the time the assessment is submitted to 
        the Department of Education's National Advisory Committee on 
        Institutional Quality and Integrity; and
            ``(B) the subsequent recommendations and rationale of the 
        Secretary of Education regarding the establishment of the 
        degree granting authority.
    ``(2) Upon any modification or redesignation of existing degree 
granting authority, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
a report containing the rationale for the proposed modification or 
redesignation and any subsequent recommendation of the Secretary of 
Education on the proposed modification or redesignation.
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report 
containing an explanation of any action by the appropriate academic 
accrediting agency or organization not to accredit the United States 
Army Armament Graduate School to award any new or existing degree.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``7422. Degree granting authority for United States Army Armament 
                            Graduate School.''.

SEC. 556. CONGRESSIONAL NOMINATIONS FOR SENIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' 
              TRAINING CORPS SCHOLARSHIPS.

    Section 7442 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(k) Any candidate not nominated under paragraphs (3) through (10) 
of subsection (a) may be considered by the Secretary of the Army in 
order of merit for appointment as a Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
Corps cadet under section 2107 of this title.''.

SEC. 557. CONSIDERATION OF APPLICATION FOR TRANSFER FOR A STUDENT OF A 
              MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMY WHO IS THE VICTIM OF A SEXUAL 
              ASSAULT OR RELATED OFFENSE.

    (a) Military Academy.--Section 7461 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Consideration of Application for Transfer for a Cadet Who Is 
the Victim of a Sexual Assault or Related Offense.--(1) The Secretary 
of the Army shall provide for timely determination and action on an 
application for consideration of a transfer to another military service 
academy submitted by a cadet who was a victim of a sexual assault or 
other offense covered by section 920, 920a, or 920c of this title 
(article 120, 120a, or 120c of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) so 
as to reduce the possibility of retaliation against the cadet for 
reporting the sexual assault or other offense.
    ``(2) The Secretary of the Army shall prescribe regulations to 
carry out this subsection, within guidelines provided by the Secretary 
of Defense that direct the Superintendent of the Military Academy, in 
coordination with the Superintendent of the military service academy to 
which the cadet wishes to transfer--
            ``(A) to approve or deny an application under this 
        subsection not later than 72 hours after the submission of the 
        application; and
            ``(B) to approve such application unless there are 
        exceptional circumstances that require denial of the 
        application.
    ``(3) If the Superintendent of the Military Academy or the 
Superintendent of the military service academy to which the cadet 
wishes to transfer denies an application under this subsection, the 
cadet may request review of the denial by the Secretary concerned, who 
shall grant or deny review not later than 72 hours after submission of 
the request for review.
    ``(4) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that all records of any 
request, determination, or action under this subsection remain 
confidential.
    ``(5) A cadet who transfers under this subsection may retain the 
cadet's appointment to the Military Academy or may be appointed to the 
military service academy to which the cadet transfers without regard to 
the limitations and requirements set forth in sections 7442, 8454, and 
9442 of this title.''.
    (b) Naval Academy.--Section 8480 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Consideration of Application for Transfer for a Midshipman 
Who Is the Victim of a Sexual Assault or Related Offense.--(1) The 
Secretary of the Navy shall provide for timely determination and action 
on an application for consideration of a transfer to another military 
service academy submitted by a midshipman who was a victim of a sexual 
assault or other offense covered by section 920, 920a, or 920c of this 
title (article 120, 120a, or 120c of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice) so as to reduce the possibility of retaliation against the 
midshipman for reporting the sexual assault or other offense.
    ``(2) The Secretary of the Navy shall prescribe regulations to 
carry out this subsection, within guidelines provided by the Secretary 
of Defense that direct the Superintendent of the Naval Academy, in 
coordination with the Superintendent of the military service academy to 
which the midshipman wishes to transfer--
            ``(A) to approve or deny an application under this 
        subsection not later than 72 hours after the submission of the 
        application; and
            ``(B) to approve such application unless there are 
        exceptional circumstances that require denial of the 
        application.
    ``(3) If the Superintendent of the Naval Academy or the 
Superintendent of the military service academy to which the midshipman 
wishes to transfer denies an application under this subsection, the 
midshipman may request review of the denial by the Secretary concerned, 
who shall grant or deny review not later than 72 hours after submission 
of the request for review.
    ``(4) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that all records of any 
request, determination, or action under this subsection remain 
confidential.
    ``(5) A midshipman who transfers under this subsection may retain 
the midshipman's appointment to the Naval Academy or may be appointed 
to the military service academy to which the midshipman transfers 
without regard to the limitations and requirements set forth in 
sections 7442, 8454, and 9442 of this title.''.
    (c) Air Force Academy.--Section 9461 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Consideration of Application for Transfer for a Cadet Who Is 
the Victim of a Sexual Assault or Related Offense.--(1) The Secretary 
of the Air Force shall provide for timely determination and action on 
an application for consideration of a transfer to another military 
service academy submitted by a cadet who was a victim of a sexual 
assault or other offense covered by section 920, 920a, or 920c of this 
title (article 120, 120a, or 120c of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice) so as to reduce the possibility of retaliation against the 
cadet for reporting the sexual assault or other offense.
    ``(2) The Secretary of the Air Force shall prescribe regulations to 
carry out this subsection, within guidelines provided by the Secretary 
of Defense that direct the Superintendent of the Air Force Academy, in 
coordination with the Superintendent of the military service academy to 
which the cadet wishes to transfer--
            ``(A) to approve or deny an application under this 
        subsection not later than 72 hours after the submission of the 
        application; and
            ``(B) to approve such application unless there are 
        exceptional circumstances that require denial of the 
        application.
    ``(3) If the Superintendent of the Air Force Academy or the 
Superintendent of the military service academy to which the cadet 
wishes to transfer denies an application under this subsection, the 
cadet may request review of the denial by the Secretary concerned, who 
shall grant or deny review not later than 72 hours after submission of 
the request for review.
    ``(4) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that all records of any 
request, determination, or action under this subsection remain 
confidential.
    ``(5) A cadet who transfers under this subsection may retain the 
cadet's appointment to the Air Force Academy or may be appointed to the 
military service academy to which the cadet transfers without regard to 
the limitations and requirements set forth in sections 7442, 8454, and 
9442 of this title.''.

SEC. 558. REDESIGNATION OF THE COMMANDANT OF THE UNITED STATES AIR 
              FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AS THE DIRECTOR AND 
              CHANCELLOR OF SUCH INSTITUTE.

    (a) Redesignation.--Section 9414b(a) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Commandant'' 
        and inserting ``Director and Chancellor'';
            (2) by striking ``Commandant'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``Director and Chancellor''; and
            (3) in the heading of paragraph (3), by striking 
        ``Commandant'' and inserting ``Director and Chancellor''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 9414 of such title is amended by 
striking ``Commandant'' both places it appears and inserting ``Director 
and Chancellor''.
    (c) References.--Any reference in any law, regulation, map, 
document, paper, or other record of the United States to the Commandant 
of the United States Air Force Institute of Technology shall be deemed 
to be a reference to the Director and Chancellor of the United States 
Air Force Institute of Technology.

SEC. 559. ELIGIBILITY OF ADDITIONAL ENLISTED MEMBERS FOR ASSOCIATE 
              DEGREE PROGRAMS OF THE COMMUNITY COLLEGE OF THE AIR 
              FORCE.

    Section 9415(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) Enlisted members of the armed forces other than the 
        Air Force who are participating in Community College of the Air 
        Force affiliated joint-service training and education 
        courses.''.

SEC. 560. SAFE-TO-REPORT POLICY APPLICABLE TO MILITARY SERVICE 
              ACADEMIES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
Secretaries of the military departments, shall prescribe in regulations 
a safe-to-report policy described in subsection (b) that applies with 
respect to cadets and midshipmen at the military service academies.
    (b) Safe-to-report Policy.--The safe-to-report policy described in 
this subsection is a policy under which a cadet or midshipman at a 
military service academy who is the alleged victim of sexual assault, 
but who may have committed minor collateral misconduct at or about the 
time of such sexual assault, or whose minor collateral misconduct is 
discovered only as a result of the investigation into such sexual 
assault, may report such sexual assault to proper authorities without 
fear or receipt of discipline in connection with such minor collateral 
misconduct.
    (c) Minor Collateral Misconduct.--For purposes of the safe-to-
report policy, minor collateral misconduct shall include any of the 
following:
            (1) Improper use or possession of alcohol.
            (2) Consensual intimate behavior or fraternization with 
        another cadet or midshipman.
            (3) Presence in an off-limits area.
            (4) Such other misconduct as the Secretary of Defense shall 
        specify in the regulations under subsection (a).
    (d) Military Service Academy Defined.--In this section, the term 
``military service academy'' means the following:
            (1) The United States Military Academy.
            (2) The United States Naval Academy.
            (3) The United States Air Force Academy.
            (4) The United States Coast Guard Academy.

SEC. 560A. RECOUPMENT OF FUNDS FROM CADETS AND MIDSHIPMEN SEPARATED FOR 
              CRIMINAL MISCONDUCT.

    Not later than September 30, 2020, each Secretary of a military 
department shall prescribe regulations by which the Superintendent of a 
military service academy under the jurisdiction of the Secretary shall, 
pursuant to section 303a(e) of title 37, United States Code, recoup the 
cost of advanced education received by a cadet or midshipman who is 
separated from that military service academy--
            (1) at any time before the cadet or midshipman graduates 
        from the military service academy; and
            (2) for criminal misconduct by the cadet or midshipman.

               Subtitle G--Member Training and Transition

SEC. 561. PROHIBITION ON GENDER-SEGREGATED TRAINING AT MARINE CORPS 
              RECRUIT DEPOTS.

    (a) Parris Island.--
            (1) Prohibition.--Subject to paragraph (2), training at the 
        Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, South Carolina, may 
        not be segregated based on gender.
            (2) Deadline.--The Commandant of the Marine Corps shall 
        carry out this subsection not later than five years after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) San Diego.--
            (1) Prohibition.--Subject to paragraph (2), training at the 
        Marine Corps Recruit Depot, San Diego, California, may not be 
        segregated based on gender.
            (2) Deadline.--The Commandant of the Marine Corps shall 
        carry out this subsection not later than eight years after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 562. MEDICAL PERSONNEL AT MARINE CORPS RECRUIT DEPOTS.

    Not later than September 30, 2020, the Secretary of the Navy, in 
coordination with the Navy Medical Department, shall--
            (1) assign personnel to the Marine Recruit Training 
        Regiment at each Marine Corps Recruit Depot who--
                    (A) possess sufficient medical training and 
                equipment to evaluate sick recruits; and
                    (B) is capable of determining whether a recruit 
                requires emergent care; and
            (2) ensure such personnel is available after business hours 
        in order to advise personnel regarding the course of action for 
        managing a sick recruit.

SEC. 563. ASSESSMENT OF DEATHS OF RECRUITS UNDER THE JURISDICTION OF 
              THE SECRETARY OF THE NAVY.

    (a) Assessment.--The Inspector General of the Department of Defense 
shall conduct an assessment of the deaths of recruits at facilities 
under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Navy, and the 
effectiveness of the current medical protocols on the training bases.
    (b) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the Inspector 
General shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representative a report containing the results of the 
assessment conducted under subsection (a). The report shall include the 
following:
            (1) The number of recruits who died during basic training 
        in the five years preceding the date of the report.
            (2) The causes of deaths described in paragraph (1).
            (3) The types of medical treatment that was provided to 
        recruits described in paragraph (1).
            (4) Whether any of the deaths identified under paragraph 
        (1) were found to be a result of medical negligence.
            (5) A description of medical capabilities and personnel 
        available to the recruits at each facility.
            (6) A description of medical resources accessible to the 
        recruits at the company level at each facility.
            (7) A description of 24-hour medical resources available to 
        recruits at each facility.
            (8) An evaluation of the guidelines and resources in place 
        to monitor sick recruits.
            (9) An evaluation of how supervisors evaluate and determine 
        whether a sick recruit should continue training or further seek 
        medical assistance.
            (10) An evaluation of how the Secretary of the Navy can 
        increase visibility of the comprehensive medical status of a 
        sick recruit to instructors and supervisors in order to provide 
        better situational awareness of the such medical status.
            (11) An evaluation of how to improve and medical care for 
        recruits.

SEC. 564. INCLUSION OF SPECIFIC EMAIL ADDRESS BLOCK ON CERTIFICATE OF 
              RELEASE OR DISCHARGE FROM ACTIVE DUTY (DD FORM 214).

    (a) Modification Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall modify 
the Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 214) 
to include a specific block explicitly identified as the location in 
which a member of the Armed Forces may provide one or more email 
addresses by which the member may be contacted after discharge or 
release from active duty in the Armed Forces.
    (b) Deadline for Modification.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
release a revised Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty 
(DD Form 214), modified as required by subsection (a), not later than 
one year after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 565. MACHINE READABILITY AND ELECTRONIC TRANSFERABILITY OF 
              CERTIFICATE OF RELEASE OR DISCHARGE FROM ACTIVE DUTY (DD 
              FORM 214).

    (a) Modification Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall modify 
the Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 214) 
to be machine readable and electronically transferable.
    (b) Deadline for Modification.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
release a revised Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty 
(DD Form 214), modified pursuant to subsection (a), not later than four 
years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit a report 
to Congress regarding the following:
            (1) What systems of the Department of Defense require an 
        individual to manually enter information from DD Form 214.
            (2) What activities of the Department of Defense require a 
        veteran or former member of the Armed Forces to provide a 
        physical copy of DD Form 214.
            (3) The order of priority for modernizing items identified 
        under paragraphs (1) and (2) as determined by the Secretary.
            (4) The estimated cost, as determined by the Secretary, to 
        automate items identified under paragraphs (1) and (2).

SEC. 566. RECORDS OF SERVICE FOR RESERVES.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense shall establish and implement a standard record of 
service for members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces, 
similar to DD Form 214, that summarizes the record of service of each 
such member, including dates of active duty service.
    (b) Coordination.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary of 
Defense shall coordinate with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to 
ensure that the record established under this section is acceptable as 
proof of service for former members of the reserve components of the 
Armed Forces who are eligible for benefits under laws administered by 
the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to receive such benefits.

    Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

SEC. 571. AUTHORIZING MEMBERS TO TAKE LEAVE FOR A BIRTH OR ADOPTION IN 
              MORE THAN ONE INCREMENT.

    Section 701(i) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraph (5).

SEC. 572. DEFERRED DEPLOYMENT FOR MEMBERS WHO GIVE BIRTH.

    Section 701 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(l) A member of the armed forces who gives birth while on active 
duty may not be deployed during the period of 12 months beginning on 
the date of such birth except--
            ``(1) at the election of such member; and
            ``(2) with the approval of a health care provider employed 
        at a military medical treatment facility.''.

SEC. 573. AUTHORITY OF THE SECRETARY CONCERNED TO TRANSPORT REMAINS OF 
              A COVERED DECEDENT TO NO MORE THAN TWO PLACES SELECTED BY 
              THE PERSON DESIGNATED TO DIRECT DISPOSITION OF THE 
              REMAINS.

    (a) Authority.--Section 1482(a)(8) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended to read as follows:
            ``(8)(A) Transportation of the remains, and travel and 
        transportation allowances as specified in regulations 
        prescribed under section 464 of title 37 for an escort of one 
        person, to the place, subject to subparagraph (B), selected by 
        the person designated to direct disposition of the remains or, 
        if such a selection is not made, to a national or other 
        cemetery which is selected by the Secretary and in which burial 
        of the decedent is authorized.
            ``(B) The person designated to direct disposition of the 
        remains may select two places under subparagraph (A) if the 
        second place is a national cemetery. If that person selects two 
        places, the Secretary concerned may pay for transportation to 
        the second place only by means of reimbursement under to 
        subsection (b).
            ``(C) When transportation of the remains includes 
        transportation by aircraft under section 562 of the John Warner 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public 
        Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 1482 note), the Secretary concerned 
        shall provide, to the maximum extent practicable, for delivery 
        of the remains by air to the commercial, general aviation, or 
        military airport nearest to the place selected by the 
        designee.''.
    (b) Military Escort and Honor Guard Only to First Location.--
Section 562(b) of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 1482 note) is 
amended by adding at the end the following: ``If the person designated 
to direct disposition of the remains selects two places under such 
section, the term means only the first of those two places.''.

SEC. 574. CLARIFICATION REGARDING ELIGIBILITY TO TRANSFER ENTITLEMENT 
              UNDER POST-9/11 EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 3319(j) of title 38, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense may not prescribe any regulation 
that would provide for a limitation on eligibility to transfer unused 
education benefits to family members based on a maximum number of years 
of service in the Armed Forces.''.

SEC. 575. ABSENTEE BALLOT TRACKING PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment and Operation of Program.--Section 102(h) of the 
Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (52 U.S.C. 
20302(h)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(h) Absentee Ballot Tracking Program.--
            ``(1) Requiring establishment and operation of program.--
        The chief State election official, in coordination with local 
        election jurisdictions, shall establish and operate an absentee 
        ballot tracking program described in paragraph (2) for the use 
        of absent uniformed services voters and overseas voters.
            ``(2) Program described.--
                    ``(A) Information on transmission and receipt of 
                absentee ballots.--An absentee ballot tracking program 
                described in this paragraph is a program under which--
                            ``(i) the State or local election official 
                        responsible for the transmission of absentee 
                        ballots in an election for Federal office 
                        operates procedures to track and confirm the 
                        transmission of such ballots and to make 
                        information on the transmission of such a 
                        ballot available by means of online access 
                        using the internet site of the official's 
                        office; and
                            ``(ii) the State or local election official 
                        responsible for the receipt of absentee ballots 
                        in an election for Federal office operates 
                        procedures to track and confirm the receipt of 
                        such ballots and (subject to subparagraph (B)) 
                        to make information on the receipt of such a 
                        ballot available by means of online access 
                        using the internet site of the official's 
                        office.
                    ``(B) Specific information on receipt of voted 
                absentee ballots.--The information required to be made 
                available under clause (ii) of subparagraph (A) with 
                respect to the receipt of a voted absentee ballot in an 
                election for Federal office shall include information 
                regarding whether the vote cast on the ballot was 
                counted, and, in the case of a vote which was not 
                counted, the reasons therefor. The appropriate State or 
                local election official shall make the information 
                described in the previous sentence available during the 
                30-day period that begins on the date on which the 
                results of the election are certified, or during such 
                earlier 30-day period as the official may provide.
            ``(3) Use of toll-free telephone number by officials 
        without internet site.--A program established and operated by a 
        State or local election official whose office does not have an 
        internet site may meet the requirements of paragraph (2) if the 
        official has established and operates a toll-free telephone 
        number that may be used to obtain the information on the 
        transmission or receipt of the absentee ballot which is 
        required under such paragraph.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
apply with respect to elections held during 2020 or any succeeding 
year.

SEC. 576. ANNUAL STATE REPORT CARD.

    Section 1111(h)(1)(C)(ii) of the Elementary and Secondary Education 
Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6311(h)(1)(C)(ii)) is amended by striking ``on 
active duty (as defined in section 101(d)(5) of such title)''.

SEC. 577. TRANSPORTATION OF REMAINS OF CASUALTIES; TRAVEL EXPENSES FOR 
              NEXT OF KIN.

    (a) Transportation for Remains of a Member Who Dies Not in a 
Theater of Combat Operations.--Section 562 of the John Warner National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 
U.S.C. 1482 note) is amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``dying in a theater of 
        combat operations''; and
            (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``in a combat theater of 
        operations'' and inserting ``outside of the United States''.
    (b) Transportation for Family.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
revise Department of Defense Instruction 1300.18 to extend travel 
privileges via Invitational Travel Authorization to family members of 
members of the Armed Forces who die outside of the United States and 
whose remains are returned to the United States through the mortuary 
facility at Dover Air Force Base, Delaware.

SEC. 578. MEETINGS OF OFFICIALS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE WITH 
              SURVIVORS OF DECEASED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Chiefs of the Armed Forces.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
direct the chiefs of the Armed Forces to meet periodically with 
survivors of deceased members of the Armed Forces to receive feedback 
from those survivors regarding issues affecting such survivors. The 
Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall meet with survivors of 
deceased members of the Air National Guard and the Army National Guard.
    (b) Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness.--The 
Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall meet 
periodically with survivors of deceased members of the Armed Forces to 
discuss policies of the Department of Defense regarding military 
casualties and Gold Star families.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than April 1, 2020, the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall brief the Committee on Armed 
Services of the House of Representatives regarding policies established 
and the results of the meetings under subsection (b).

SEC. 579. DIRECT EMPLOYMENT PILOT PROGRAM FOR MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL 
              GUARD AND RESERVE, VETERANS, THEIR SPOUSES AND 
              DEPENDENTS, AND MEMBERS OF GOLD STAR FAMILIES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a pilot 
program to enhance the efforts of the Department of Defense to provide 
job placement assistance and related employment services directly to 
the following:
            (1) Members of the National Guard and Reserves in reserve 
        active status.
            (2) Veterans of the Armed Forces.
            (3) Spouses and other dependents of individuals referred to 
        in paragraphs (1) and (2).
            (4) Members of Gold Star Families.
    (b) Administration.--The pilot program shall be offered to, and 
administered by, the adjutants general appointed under section 314 of 
title 32, United States Code, or other officials in the States 
concerned designated by the Secretary for purposes of the pilot 
program.
    (c) Cost-Sharing Requirement.--As a condition on the provision of 
funds under this section to a State to support the operation of the 
pilot program in the State, the State must agree to contribute an 
amount, derived from non-Federal sources, equal to at least 50 percent 
of the funds provided by the Secretary to the State under this section.
    (d) Direct Employment Program Model.--The pilot program should 
follow a job placement program model that focuses on working one-on-one 
with individuals specified in subsection (a) to cost-effectively 
provide job placement services, including services such as identifying 
unemployed and underemployed individuals, job matching services, resume 
editing, interview preparation, and post-employment follow up. 
Development of the pilot program should be informed by existing State 
direct employment programs for members of the reserve components and 
veterans.
    (e) Training.--The pilot program should draw on the resources 
provided to transitioning members of the Armed Forces with civilian 
training opportunities through the SkillBridge trainsition training 
program administered by the Department of Defense.
    (f) Evaluation.--The Secretary shall develop outcome measurements 
to evaluate the success of the pilot program.
    (g) Reporting Requirements.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report describing the results of the pilot 
        program. The Secretary shall prepare the report in coordination 
        with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs and the Chief of the 
        National Guard Bureau.
            (2) Elements of report.--A report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description and assessment of the 
                effectiveness and achievements of the pilot program, 
                including the number of members of the reserve 
                components and veterans of the Armed Forces hired and 
                the cost-per-placement of participating members and 
                veterans.
                    (B) An assessment of the impact of the pilot 
                program and increased reserve component employment 
                levels on the readiness of members of the reserve 
                components and on the retention of members of the Armed 
                Forces.
                    (C) A comparison of the pilot program to other 
                programs conducted by the Department of Defense and 
                Department of Veterans Affairs to provide unemployment 
                and underemployment support to members of the reserve 
                components and veterans of the Armed Forces, including 
                the best practices developed through and used in such 
                programs.
                    (D) Any other matters considered appropriate by the 
                Secretary of Defense.
    (h) Duration of Authority.--The authority to carry out the pilot 
program expires on September 30, 2023, except that the Secretary may, 
at the Secretary's discretion, extend the pilot program for not more 
than two additional fiscal years.

SEC. 580. CONTINUED ASSISTANCE TO SCHOOLS WITH SIGNIFICANT NUMBERS OF 
              MILITARY DEPENDENT STUDENTS.

    (a) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of Military 
Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2020 in Division D of this Act and available for operation 
and maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding 
table in Section 4301 of this Act, $40,000,000 shall be available only 
for the purpose of providing assistance to local educational agencies 
under subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 20 U.S.C. 
7703b).
    (b) Impact Aid for Children With Severe Disabilities.--Of the 
amount authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 in Division D 
of this Act and available for operation and maintenance for Defense-
wide activities as specified in the funding table in Section 4301 of 
this Act, $10,000,000 shall be available for payments under section 363 
of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2001 (Public Law 106-398; 20 U.S.C. 7703a).
    (c) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the term 
``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that term in section 
7013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
U.S.C. 7713(9)).

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

SEC. 581. EXPANSION OF GOLD STAR LAPEL BUTTON ELIGIBILITY TO 
              STEPSIBLINGS; FREE REPLACEMENT.

    (a) Eligibility of Stepsiblings.--Subsection (d)(3) of section 1126 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``and half 
sisters'' and inserting ``half sisters, stepbrothers, and 
stepsisters''.
    (b) Free Replacement.--Subsection (c) of such section is amended by 
striking ``and payment of an amount sufficient to cover the cost of 
manufacture and distribution'' and inserting ``at no cost to that 
person''.

SEC. 582. ESTABLISHMENT OF THE ATOMIC VETERANS SERVICE MEDAL.

    (a) Service Medal Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall design 
and produce a military service medal, to be known as the ``Atomic 
Veterans Service Medal'', to honor retired and former members of the 
Armed Forces who are radiation-exposed veterans (as such term is 
defined in section 1112(c)(3) of title 38, United States Code).
    (b) Distribution of Medal.--
            (1) Issuance to retired and former members.--At the request 
        of a radiation-exposed veteran, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        issue the Atomic Veterans Service Medal to the veteran.
            (2) Issuance to next-of-kin.--In the case of a radiation-
        exposed veteran who is deceased, the Secretary may provide for 
        issuance of the Atomic Veterans Service Medal to the next-of-
        kin of the person.
            (3) Application.--The Secretary shall prepare and 
        disseminate as appropriate an application by which radiation-
        exposed veterans and their next-of-kin may apply to receive the 
        Atomic Veterans Service Medal.

SEC. 583. REVIEW OF WORLD WAR I VALOR MEDALS.

    (a) Review Required.--Each Secretary concerned shall review the 
service records of each World War I veteran described in subsection (b) 
under the jurisdiction of such Secretary who is recommended for such 
review by the Valor Medals Review Task Force referred to in subsection 
(c), or another veterans service organization, in order to determine 
whether such veteran should be awarded the Medal of Honor for valor 
during World War I.
    (b) Covered World War I Veterans.--The World War I veterans whose 
service records are to be reviewed under subsection (a) are the 
following:
            (1) Any African American war veteran, Asian American war 
        veteran, Hispanic American war veteran, Jewish American war 
        veteran, or Native American war veteran who was awarded the 
        Distinguished Service Cross or the Navy Cross for an action 
        that occurred between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918.
            (2) Any African American war veteran, Asian American war 
        veteran, Hispanic American war veteran, Jewish American war 
        veteran, or Native American war veteran who was awarded the 
        Croix de Guerre with Palm (that is, awarded at the Army level 
        or above) by the Government of France for an action that 
        occurred between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918.
            (3) Any African American war veteran, Asian American war 
        veteran, Hispanic American war veteran, Jewish American war 
        veteran, or Native American war veteran who was recommended for 
        a Medal of Honor for an action that occurred from April 6, 
        1917, to November 11, 1918, if the Department of Defense 
        possesses or receives records relating to such recommendation.
    (c) Consultations.--In carrying out the review under subsection 
(a), each Secretary concerned may consult with the Valor Medals Review 
Task Force, jointly established by the United States Foundation for the 
Commemoration of the World Wars (in consultation with the United States 
World War One Centennial Commission) and the George S. Robb Centre for 
the Study of the Great War, and with such other veterans service 
organizations as such Secretary determines appropriate, until the 
conclusion of the review.
    (d) Recommendation Based on Review.--If a Secretary concerned 
determines, based upon the review under subsection (a), that the award 
of the Medal of Honor to a covered World War I veteran is warranted, 
such Secretary shall submit to the President a recommendation that the 
President award the Medal of Honor to that veteran.
    (e) Authority to Award Medal of Honor.--The Medal of Honor may be 
awarded to a World War I veteran in accordance with a recommendation of 
a Secretary concerned under subsection (d).
    (f) Waiver of Time Limitations.--An award of the Medal of Honor may 
be made under subsection (e) without regard to--
            (1) section 7274 or 8298 of title 10, United States Code, 
        as applicable; and
            (2) any regulation or other administrative restriction on--
                    (A) the time for awarding the Medal of Honor; or
                    (B) the awarding of the Medal of Honor for service 
                for which a Distinguished Service Cross or Navy Cross 
                has been awarded.
    (g) Definitions.--
            (1) In general.--In this section:
                    (A) African american war veteran.--The term 
                ``African American war veteran'' means any person who 
                served in the United States Armed Forces between April 
                6, 1917, and November 11, 1918, and who identified 
                himself as of African descent on his military personnel 
                records.
                    (B) Asian american war veteran.--The term ``Asian 
                American war veteran'' means any person who served in 
                the United States Armed Forces between April 6, 1917, 
                and November 11, 1918, and who identified himself 
                racially, nationally, or ethnically as originating from 
                a country in Asia on his military personnel records.
                    (C) Hispanic american war veteran.--The term 
                ``Hispanic American war veteran'' means any person who 
                served in the United States Armed Forces between April 
                6, 1917, and November 11, 1918, and who identified 
                himself racially, nationally, or ethnically as 
                originating from a country where Spanish is an official 
                language on his military personnel records.
                    (D) Jewish american war veteran.--The term ``Jewish 
                American war veteran'' mean any person who served in 
                the United States Armed Forces between April 6, 1917, 
                and November 11, 1918, and who identified himself as 
                Jewish on his military personnel records.
                    (E) Native american war veteran.--The term ``Native 
                American war veteran'' means any person who served in 
                the United States Armed Forces between April 6, 1917, 
                and November 11, 1918, and who identified himself as a 
                member of a federally recognized tribe within the 
                modern territory of the United States on his military 
                personnel records.
                    (F) Secretary concerned.--The term ``Secretary 
                concerned'' means--
                            (i) the Secretary of the Army, in the case 
                        of members of the Armed Forces who served in 
                        the Army between April 6, 1917, and November 
                        11, 1918; and
                            (ii) the Secretary of the Navy, in the case 
                        of members of the Armed Forces who served in 
                        the Navy or the Marine Corps between April 6, 
                        1917, and November 11, 1918.
            (2) Application of definitions of origin.--If the military 
        personnel records of a person do not reflect the person's 
        membership in one of the groups identified in subparagraphs (B) 
        through (F) of paragraph (1) but historical evidence exists 
        that demonstrates the person's Jewish faith held at the time of 
        service, or that the person identified himself as of African, 
        Asian, Hispanic, or Native American descent, the person may be 
        treated as being a member of the applicable group by the 
        Secretary concerned (in consultation with the organizations 
        referred to in subsection (c)) for purposes of this section.

          Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 591. REPEAL OF QUARTERLY REPORT ON END STRENGTHS.

    Section 115(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraph (3).

SEC. 592. REVISION OF WORKPLACE AND GENDER RELATIONS SURVEYS.

    (a) Surveys of Members of the Armed Forces.--Section 481(c) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
        ``unwanted sexual contact,'' after ``assault,'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (5) as 
        paragraphs (4) through (6), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (2), the following new 
        paragraph (3):
            ``(3) The specific types of unwanted sexual contact that 
        have occurred, and the number of times each respondent has been 
        subjected to unwanted sexual contact during the preceding 
        year.'';
            (4) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated, by striking ``and 
        assault'' and inserting ``assault, and unwanted sexual 
        contact'';
            (5) in paragraph (6), as so redesignated, by striking ``or 
        assault'' and inserting ``assault, or unwanted sexual 
        contact''.
    (b) Surveys of Civilian Employees of the Department of Defense.--
Section 481a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``and 
        discrimination'' and inserting ``discrimination, and unwanted 
        sexual contact'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (5) as 
                paragraphs (4) through (6), respectively;
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
                new paragraph (3):
            ``(3) The specific types of unwanted sexual contact that 
        civilian employees of the Department were subjected to by other 
        personnel of the Department (including contractor personnel), 
        and the number of times each respondent has been subjected to 
        unwanted sexual contact during the preceding fiscal year.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``and discrimination'' and inserting 
                ``discrimination, and unwanted sexual contact''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (6), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``or discrimination'' and inserting 
                ``discrimination, or unwanted sexual contact''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) 
shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and shall 
apply with respect to surveys under sections 481 and 481a of title 10, 
United States Code, that are initiated after such date.

SEC. 593. MODIFICATION OF ELEMENTS OF REPORTS ON THE IMPROVED 
              TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 552(b)(4) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (D) as 
        subparagraphs (B) through (E), respectively;
            (2) by inserting before subparagraph (B), as redesignated 
        by paragraph (1), the following new subparagraph (A):
                    ``(A) The total number of members eligible to 
                attend Transition Assistance Program counseling.''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(F) The number of members who participated in 
                programs under section 1143(e) of title 10, United 
                States Code (commonly referred to as `Job Training, 
                Employment Skills, Apprenticeships and Internships 
                (JTEST-AI)' or `Skill Bridge').
                    ``(G) Such other information as is required to 
                provide Congress with a comprehensive description of 
                the participation of the members in the Transition 
                Assistance Program and programs described in 
                subparagraph (F).''.

SEC. 594. QUESTIONS IN WORKPLACE SURVEYS REGARDING SUPREMACIST, 
              EXTREMIST, AND RACIST ACTIVITY.

    The Secretary of Defense shall include, in the workplace and equal 
opportunity, command climate, and workplace and gender relations 
surveys administered by the Office of People Analytics of the 
Department of Defense, questions regarding whether respondents have 
ever--
            (1) experienced or witnessed in the workplace--
                    (A) supremacist activity;
                    (B) extremist activity; or
                    (C) racism; and
            (2) reported activity described in paragraph (1).

SEC. 595. COMMAND MATTERS IN CONNECTION WITH TRANSITION ASSISTANCE 
              PROGRAMS.

    (a) Inclusion of Support for Participation in Programs in Command 
Climate Assessments.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, each command climate assessment for the 
commander of a military installation shall include an assessment of the 
extent to which the commander and other command personnel at the 
installation encourage and support the participation in covered 
transition assistance programs of members of the Armed Forces at the 
installation who are eligible for participation in such programs.
    (b) Training on Programs.--The training provided a commander of a 
military installation in connection with the commencement of assignment 
to the installation shall include a module on the covered transition 
assistance programs available for members of the Armed Forces assigned 
to the installation.
    (c) Covered Transition Assistance Programs Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``covered transition assistance programs'' means the 
following:
            (1) The Transition Assistance Program.
            (2) The programs under section 1143(e) of title 10, United 
        States Code (commonly referred to as ``Job Training, Employment 
        Skills, Apprenticeships and Internships (JTEST-AI)'' or ``Skill 
        Bridge'').
            (3) Any program of apprenticeship, on-the-job-training, 
        internship, education, or transition assistance offered 
        (whether by public or private entities) in the vicinity of the 
        military installation concerned in which members of the Armed 
        Forces at the installation are eligible to participate.
            (4) Any other program of apprenticeship, on-the-job 
        training, internship, education, or transition assistance 
        specified by the Secretary of Defense for purposes of this 
        section.

SEC. 596. EXPRESSING SUPPORT FOR THE DESIGNATION OF A ``GOLD STAR 
              FAMILIES REMEMBRANCE DAY''.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) March 2, 2020, marked the 91st anniversary of President 
        Calvin Coolidge signing an Act of Congress that approved and 
        funded the first Gold Star pilgrimage to enable Gold Star 
        families to travel to the gravesites of their loved ones who 
        died during World War I.
            (2) The members of the Armed Forces of the United States 
        bear the burden of protecting the freedom of the people of the 
        United States.
            (3) The sacrifices of the families of the fallen members of 
        the Armed Forces of the United States should never be 
        forgotten.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress to--
            (1) support the designation of a ``Gold Star Families 
        Remembrance Day'';
            (2) honor and recognize the sacrifices made by the families 
        of members of the Armed Forces of the United States who gave 
        their lives to defend freedom and protect America; and
            (3) encourage the people of the United States to observe 
        ``Gold Star Families Remembrance Day'' by--
                    (A) performing acts of service and good will in 
                their communities; and
                    (B) celebrating the lives of those who have made 
                the ultimate sacrifice so that others could continue to 
                enjoy life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

SEC. 601. CLARIFICATION OF CONTINUATION OF PAYS DURING HOSPITALIZATION 
              AND REHABILITATION RESULTING FROM WOUNDS, INJURY, OR 
              ILLNESS INCURRED WHILE ON DUTY IN A HOSTILE FIRE AREA OR 
              EXPOSED TO AN EVENT OF HOSTILE FIRE OR OTHER HOSTILE 
              ACTION.

    Section 372(b)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:
            ``(1) The date on which the member is returned for 
        assignment to other than a medical or patient unit for duty; 
        however, in the case of a member under the jurisdiction of a 
        Secretary of a military department, the date on which the 
        member is determined fit for duty.''.

SEC. 602. BASIC NEEDS ALLOWANCE FOR LOW-INCOME REGULAR MEMBERS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 7 of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 402a the following new section:
``Sec. 402b. Basic needs allowance for low-income regular members
    ``(a) Allowance Required.--(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the 
Secretary of Defense shall pay to each covered member a basic needs 
allowance in the amount determined for such member under subsection 
(b).
    ``(2) In the event a household contains two or more covered members 
entitled to receive the allowance under this section in a given year, 
only one allowance may be paid for that year to a covered member among 
such covered members whom such covered members shall jointly elect.
    ``(b) Amount of Allowance for a Covered Member.--(1) The amount of 
the monthly allowance payable to a covered member under subsection (a) 
for a year shall be the aggregate amount equal to--
    ``(A) the aggregate amount equal to--
            ``(i) 130 percent of the Federal poverty guidelines of the 
        Department of Health and Human Services for the location and 
        number of persons in the household of the covered member for 
        such year; minus
            ``(ii) the gross household income of the covered member 
        during the preceding year; and
    ``(B) divided by 12.
    ``(2) The monthly allowance payable to a covered member for a year 
shall be payable for each of the 12 months following March of such 
year.
    ``(c) Notice of Eligibility.--(1)(A) Not later than December 31 
each year, the Director of the Defense Finance and Accounting Service 
shall notify, in writing, each individual whom the Director estimates 
will be a covered member during the following year of the potential 
entitlement of that individual to the allowance described in subsection 
(a) for that following year.
    ``(B) The preliminary notice under subparagraph (A) shall include 
information regarding financial management and assistance programs 
administered by the Secretary of Defense for which a covered member is 
eligible.
    ``(2) Not later than January 31 each year, each individual who 
seeks to receive the allowance for such year (whether or not subject to 
a notice for such year under paragraph (1)) shall submit to the 
Director such information as the Director shall require for purposes of 
this section in order to determine whether or not such individual is a 
covered member for such year.
    ``(3) Not later than February 28 each year, the Director shall 
notify, in writing, each individual the Director determines to be a 
covered member for such year.
    ``(d) Election Not To Receive Allowance.--(1) A covered member 
otherwise entitled to receive the allowance under subsection (a) for a 
year may elect, in writing, not to receive the allowance for such year. 
Any election under this subsection shall be effective only for the year 
for which made. Any election for a year under this subsection is 
irrevocable.
    ``(2) A covered member who does not submit information described in 
subsection (d)(2) for a year as otherwise required by that subsection 
shall be deemed to have elected not to receive the allowance for such 
year.
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `covered member' means a regular member of 
        the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, or Air Force--
                    ``(A) who has completed initial entry training;
                    ``(B) whose gross household income during the most 
                recent year did not exceed an amount equal to 130 
                percent of the Federal poverty guidelines of the 
                Department of Health and Human Services for the 
                location and number of persons in the household of the 
                covered member for such year; and
                    ``(C) who does not elect under subsection (d) not 
                to receive the allowance for such year.
            ``(2) The term `gross household income' of a covered member 
        for a year for purposes of paragraph (1)(B) does not include 
        any basic allowance for housing received by the covered member 
        (and any dependents of the covered member in the household of 
        the covered member) during such year under section 403 of this 
        title.
    ``(f) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations for the administration of this section. Subject to 
subsection (e)(2), such regulations shall specify the income to be 
included in, and excluded from, the gross household income of 
individuals for purposes of this section.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 7 of such title is amended by inserting after the item relating 
to section 402a the following new item:

``402b. Basic needs allowance for low-income regular members.''.

SEC. 603. TEMPORARY INCREASE OF RATES OF BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING 
              FOLLOWING DETERMINATION THAT LOCAL CIVILIAN HOUSING COSTS 
              SIGNIFICANTLY EXCEED SUCH RATES.

    Section 403(b) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(8)(A) The Secretary of Defense may prescribe a temporary 
increase in the current rates of basic allowance for housing for a 
military housing area or a portion thereof (in this paragraph, `BAH 
rates') if the Secretary determines that the actual costs of adequate 
housing for civilians in that military housing area or portion thereof 
exceed the current BAH rates by more than 20 percent.
    ``(B) Any temporary increase in BAH rates under this paragraph 
shall remain in effect only until the effective date of the first 
adjustment of BAH rates for the affected military housing area that 
occurs after the date of the increase under this paragraph.
    ``(C) This paragraph shall cease to be effective on September 30, 
2022.''.

SEC. 604. BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING FOR A MEMBER WITHOUT DEPENDENTS 
              WHEN RELOCATION WOULD FINANCIALLY DISADVANTAGE THE 
              MEMBER.

    Section 403(o) of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``In''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2)(A) In the case of a member described in subparagraph (B), the 
member may be treated for the purposes of this section as if the unit 
to which the member is assigned did not undergo a change of home port 
or a change of permanent duty station if the Secretary concerned 
determines that it would be inequitable to base the member's 
entitlement to, and amount of, a basic allowance for housing on the new 
home port or permanent duty station.
    ``(B) A member described in this subparagraph--
            ``(i) has no dependents;
            ``(ii) is assigned to a unit that undergoes a change of 
        home port or a change of permanent duty station; and
            ``(iii) is in receipt of orders to return to the previous 
        home port or duty station.''.

SEC. 605. PARTIAL DISLOCATION ALLOWANCE.

    (a) Current Authority.--Section 477(f)(1) of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``family''.
    (b) Future Authority.--Section 452(c) of title 37, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraph (3):
            ``(3)(A) A partial dislocation allowance paid to a member 
        ordered to occupy or vacate housing provided by the United 
        States.
            ``(B) Beginning on January 1, 2022, the partial dislocation 
        allowance under subparagraph (A) shall, subject to subparagraph 
        (C), be equal in value to the allowance under section 477(f) of 
        this title on December 31, 2021, as adjusted in regulations 
        prescribed by the Secretary concerned under the authority 
        established by that section.
            ``(C) Effective on the same date in 2022 and any subsequent 
        year that the monthly rates of basic pay for all members are 
        increased under section 1009 of this title or another provision 
        of law, the Secretary of Defense shall adjust the rate of the 
        partial dislocation allowance under this paragraph by the 
        percentage equal to the average percentage increase in the 
        rates of basic pay.''.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN EXPIRING BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
              AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Authorities Relating to Reserve Forces.--Section 910(g) of 
title 37, United States Code, relating to income replacement payments 
for reserve component members experiencing extended and frequent 
mobilization for active duty service, is amended by striking ``December 
31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.
    (b) Title 10 Authorities Relating to Health Care Professionals.--
The following sections of title 10, United States Code, are amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020'':
            (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer 
        candidate accession program.
            (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education 
        loans for certain health professionals who serve in the 
        Selected Reserve.
    (c) Authorities Relating to Nuclear Officers.--Section 333(i) of 
title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 
2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.
    (d) Authorities Relating to Title 37 Consolidated Special Pay, 
Incentive Pay, and Bonus Authorities.--The following sections of title 
37, United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' 
and inserting ``December 31, 2020'':
            (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
        enlisted members.
            (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
        officers.
            (3) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive 
        pay and bonus authorities for officers.
            (4) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive 
        pay authorities for officers in health professions.
            (5) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for 
        cadets and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve Officers' 
        Training Corps.
            (6) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
            (7) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special 
        duty pay.
            (8) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
        proficiency bonus.
            (9) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
        members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to 
        high priority units.
    (e) Authority to Provide Temporary Increase in Rates of Basic 
Allowance for Housing.--Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 37, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2020''.

                Subtitle C--Family and Survivor Benefits

SEC. 621. PAYMENT OF TRANSITIONAL COMPENSATION FOR CERTAIN DEPENDENTS.

    Section 1059(m) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Members or'' 
        after ``Dependents of'';
            (2) by inserting ``member or'' before ``former member'' 
        each place it appears; and
            (3) by amending paragraph (3) to read as follows:
    ``(3) For the purposes of this subsection, a member is considered 
separated from active duty upon the earliest of--
            ``(A) the date an administrative separation is initiated by 
        a commander of the member;
            ``(B) the date the court-martial sentence is adjudged if 
        the sentence, as adjudged, includes a dismissal, dishonorable 
        discharge, bad conduct discharge, or forfeiture of all pay and 
        allowances; or
            ``(C) the date the member's term of service expires.''.

SECTION 622. DEATH GRATUITY FOR ROTC GRADUATES.

    (a) In General.--Section 1475(a)(4) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding ``; or a graduate of a reserve officers' 
training corps who has yet to receive a first duty assignment; or'' at 
the end.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment under subsection (a) applies to 
deaths that occur on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 623. CONTINUED ELIGIBILITY FOR EDUCATION AND TRAINING 
              OPPORTUNITIES FOR SPOUSES OF PROMOTED MEMBERS.

    Section 1784a(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``Assistance''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) A spouse who is eligible for a program under this section and 
begins a course of education or training for a degree, license, or 
credential described in subsection (a) may not become ineligible to 
complete such course of education or training solely because the member 
to whom the spouse is married is promoted to a higher grade.''.

SEC. 624. OCCUPATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS FOR RELOCATED SPOUSES OF MEMBERS OF 
              THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.

    (a) Improvement of Occupational License Portability for Military 
Spouses Through Interstate Compacts.--Section 1784 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(h) Improvement of Occupational License Portability Through 
Interstate Compacts.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may enter into 
        a cooperative agreement with the Council of State Governments 
        to assist with funding of the development of interstate 
        compacts on licensed occupations in order to alleviate the 
        burden associated with relicensing in such an occupation by 
        spouse of a members of the armed forces in connection with a 
        permanent change of duty station of members to another State.
            ``(2) Limitation.--The amount provided under paragraph (1) 
        as assistance for the development of any particular interstate 
        compact may not exceed $1,000,000.
            ``(3) Annual report.--Not later than February 28 each year, 
        the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
        of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on 
        interstate compacts described in paragraph (1) developed 
        through assistance provided under that paragraph. Each report 
        shall set forth the following:
                    ``(A) Any interstate compact developed during the 
                preceding calendar year, including the occupational 
                licenses covered by such compact and the States 
                agreeing to enter into such compact.
                    ``(B) Any interstate compact developed during a 
                prior calendar year into which one or more additional 
                States agreed to enter during the preceding calendar 
                year.
            ``(4) Expiration.--The authority to enter into a 
        cooperative agreement under paragraph (1), and to provide 
        assistance described in that paragraph pursuant to such 
        cooperative agreement, shall expire on September 30, 2024.''.
    (b) Guarantee of Residency for Registration of Businesses of 
Spouses of Members of Uniformed Services.--
            (1) In general.--Title VI of the Servicemembers Civil 
        Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 4021 et seq.) is amended by adding at the 
        end the following new section:

``SEC. 707. GUARANTEE OF RESIDENCY FOR BUSINESSES OF SPOUSES OF 
              SERVICEMEMBERS.

    ``For the purposes of registering a business--
            ``(1) a person who is absent from a State because the 
        person is accompanying the person's spouse who is absent from 
        that same State in compliance with military or naval orders 
        shall not, solely by reason of that absence--
                    ``(A) be deemed to have lost a residence or 
                domicile in that State, without regard to whether or 
                not the person intends to return to that State;
                    ``(B) be deemed to have acquired a residence or 
                domicile in any other State; or
                    ``(C) be deemed to have become a resident in or a 
                resident of any other State; and
            ``(2) the spouse of a servicemember may elect to use the 
        same residence as the servicemember regardless of the date on 
        which the marriage of the spouse and the servicemember 
        occurred.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents in section 
        1(b) of such Act is amended by inserting after the item 
        relating to section 706 the following new item:

``Sec. 707. Guarantee of residency for businesses of spouses of 
                            servicemembers.''.

SEC. 625. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO 
              CIVILIAN PROVIDERS OF CHILD CARE SERVICES OR YOUTH 
              PROGRAM SERVICES WHO PROVIDE SUCH SERVICES TO SURVIVORS 
              OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WHO DIE IN LINE OF DUTY.

    Section 1798(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``, survivors of members of the armed forces who die in line 
of duty while on active duty, active duty for training, or inactive 
duty for training,'' after ``armed forces''.

SEC. 626. SPACE-AVAILABLE TRAVEL ON MILITARY AIRCRAFT FOR CHILDREN AND 
              SURVIVING SPOUSES OF MEMBERS WHO DIE OF HOSTILE ACTION OR 
              TRAINING DUTY.

    Section 2641b(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (6) as paragraph (7); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following new 
        paragraph (6):
            ``(6) Children (as described by section 1072(2)(D) or 
        section 1110b(b) of this title, as the case may be) and 
        surviving spouses of members of the armed forces who die as a 
        result of hostile action or training duty.''.

SEC. 627. CONSIDERATION OF SERVICE ON ACTIVE DUTY TO REDUCE AGE OF 
              ELIGIBILITY FOR RETIRED PAY FOR NON-REGULAR SERVICE.

    Section 12731(f)(2)(B)(i) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``under a provision of law referred to in section 
101(a)(13)(B) or under section 12301(d)'' and inserting ``under section 
12301(d) or 12304b of this title, or under a provision of law referred 
to in section 101(a)(13)(B)''.

SEC. 628. MODIFICATION TO AUTHORITY TO REIMBURSE FOR STATE LICENSURE 
              AND CERTIFICATION COSTS OF A SPOUSE OF A MEMBER ARISING 
              FROM RELOCATION.

    Section 476(p) of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``armed forces'' and 
        inserting ``uniformed services'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$500'' and inserting 
        ``$1,000'';
            (3) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period and 
                inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
            ``(C) an analysis of whether the maximum reimbursement 
        amount under paragraph (2) is sufficient to cover the average 
        costs of relicensing described in paragraph (1).''; and
            (4) in paragraph (4), by striking ``December 31, 2022'' and 
        inserting ``December 31, 2024''.

SEC. 629. IMPROVEMENTS TO CHILD CARE FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Expansion of Authority to Provide Financial Assistance to 
Civilian Providers of Child Care Services or Youth Program Services Who 
Provide Such Services to Survivors of Members of the Armed Forces Who 
Die in the Line of Duty.--Section 1798(a) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting ``, survivors of members of the armed 
forces who die in the line of duty while on active military, naval, or 
air service (as that term is defined in section 101 of title 38),'' 
after ``armed forces''.
    (b) Expansion of Direct Hiring Authority for Child Care Service 
Providers.--Section 559 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 1792 note) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``for department 
        child development centers'';
            (2) in subsection (a)(1), by striking for ``Department of 
        Defense child development centers'' and inserting ``for the 
        Department of Defense''; and
            (3) in subsection (e), by striking ``in child development 
        centers''.
    (c) Assessment of Financial Assistance Provided to Civilian Child 
Care Providers.--
            (1) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall assess the 
        maximum amount of financial assistance provided to eligible 
        civilian providers of child care services or youth program 
        services that furnish such service for members of the armed 
        forces and employees of the United States under section 1798 of 
        title 10, United States Code, as amended by subsection (a). 
        Such assessment shall include the following:
                    (A) The determination of the Secretary whether the 
                maximum allowable financial assistance should be 
                standardized across the Armed Forces.
                    (B) Whether the maximum allowable amount adequately 
                accounts for high-cost duty stations.
            (2) Report.--No later than June 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit a report to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        regarding the results of the assessment under paragraph (1) and 
        any actions taken by the Secretary to remedy identified 
        shortfalls in assistance described in that paragraph.
    (d) Assessment of Child Care Capacity on Military Installations.--
            (1) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall assess the 
        capacity for child care at all military installations to ensure 
        that members of the Armed Forces have meaningful access to 
        child care during tours of duty.
            (2) Remedial action.--The Secretary of Defense shall take 
        steps the Secretary determines necessary to alleviate the 
        waiting lists for child care described in paragraph (1).
            (3) Report.--Not later than June 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall provide a report to the Committees on Armed 
        Forces of the Senate and the House of Representative 
        regarding--
                    (A) the assessment under paragraph (1);
                    (B) action taken under paragraph (2); and
                    (C) any additional resources (including additional 
                funding for and child care facilities and workers) the 
                Secretary determines necessary to increase access 
                described in paragraph (1).
    (e) Assessment of Accessibility of Websites of the Department of 
Defense Related to Child Care and Spousal Employment.--
            (1) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall review the 
        functions and accessibility of websites of the Department of 
        Defense designed for members of the Armed Forces and the 
        families of such members to access information and services 
        offered by the Department regarding child care, spousal 
        employment, and other family matters.
            (2) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall provide a briefing to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        regarding the results of the assessment under paragraph (1) and 
        actions taken to enhance accessibility of the websites.
    (f) Portability of Background Investigations for Child Care 
Providers.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the background 
investigation and training certification for a child care provider 
employed by the Department of Defense in a facility of the Department 
may be transferred to another facility of the Department, without 
regard to which Secretary of a military department has jurisdiction 
over either such facility.

SEC. 630. CASUALTY ASSISTANCE FOR SURVIVORS OF DECEASED ROTC GRADUATES.

    Section 633 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2014 (10 U.S.C. 1475 note) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(c) ROTC Graduates.--
            ``(1) Treated as members.--For purposes of this section, a 
        graduate of a reserve officers' training corps who dies before 
        receiving a first duty assignment shall be treated as a member 
        of the Armed Forces who dies while on active duty.
            ``(2) Effective date.--This subsection applies to deaths on 
        or after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020.''.

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

SEC. 631. GAO REVIEW OF DEFENSE RESALE OPTIMIZATION STUDY.

    (a) Review.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a review of the business case analysis performed as part of the 
defense resale optimization study conducted by the Reform Management 
Group, titled ``Study to Determine the Feasibility of Consolidation of 
the Defense Resale Entities'' and dated December 4, 2018.
    (b) Report Required; Elements.--Not later than April 1, 2020, the 
Comptroller General shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report regarding the 
review performed under this section. The report shall include 
evaluations of the following:
            (1) The descriptions and justifications for the 
        assumptions, analytical choices and data used by the Reform 
        Management Group to calculate:
                    (A) Pricing.
                    (B) Sales assumptions.
                    (C) Accuracy of methods employed to measure patron 
                savings levels.
            (2) The timetable for consolidation of military exchanges 
        and commissaries.
            (3) The recommendations for consolidation developed as part 
        of the business case analysis, including the overall cost of 
        consolidation.
            (4) The budget and oversight implications of merging non-
        appropriated funds and appropriated funds to implement the 
        recommended reforms.
            (5) The extent to which the Reform Management Group 
        coordinated with the Secretaries of the military departments 
        and the chiefs of the Armed Forces in preparing the study.
            (6) The extent to which the Reform Management Group 
        addressed concerns of the Secretaries of the military 
        departments and the chiefs of the Armed Forces in the study.
            (7) If the recommendations in the business case analysis 
        were implemented--
                    (A) the ability of military exchanges and 
                commissaries to provide earnings to support on-base 
                morale, welfare, and recreation programs; and
                    (B) the financial viability of the military 
                exchanges and commissaries.
    (c) Delay on Consolidation.--The Secretary of Defense may not take 
any action to consolidate military exchanges and commissaries until the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives notify the Secretary in writing of receipt and 
acceptance of the findings of the Comptroller General in the report 
required under this section.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

SEC. 701. CONTRACEPTION COVERAGE PARITY UNDER THE TRICARE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 1074d of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``for Members and 
        Former Members'' after ``Services Available'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (d); and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsections:
    ``(b) Care Related to Prevention of Pregnancy.--Female covered 
beneficiaries shall be entitled to care related to the prevention of 
pregnancy described by subsection (d)(3).
    ``(c) Prohibition on Cost Sharing for Certain Services.--
Notwithstanding section 1074g(a)(6), section 1075, or section 1075a of 
this title, or any other provision of law, cost sharing may not be 
imposed or collected for care related to the prevention of pregnancy 
provided pursuant to subsection (a) or (b), including for any method of 
contraception provided, whether provided through a facility of the 
uniformed services, the TRICARE retail pharmacy program, or the 
national mail-order pharmacy program.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1077(a)(13) of such title is 
amended by striking ``section 1074d(b)'' and inserting ``section 
1074d(d)''.

SEC. 702. PREGNANCY PREVENTION ASSISTANCE AT MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT 
              FACILITIES FOR SEXUAL ASSAULT SURVIVORS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 1074o the following new section:
``Sec. 1074p. Provision of pregnancy prevention assistance at military 
              medical treatment facilities
    ``(a) Information and Assistance.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
promptly furnish to sexual assault survivors at each military medical 
treatment facility the following:
            ``(1) Comprehensive, medically and factually accurate, and 
        unbiased written and oral information about all methods of 
        emergency contraception approved by the Food and Drug 
        Administration.
            ``(2) Notification of the right of the sexual assault 
        survivor to confidentiality with respect to the information and 
        care and services furnished under this section.
            ``(3) Upon request by the sexual assault survivor, 
        emergency contraception or, if applicable, a prescription for 
        emergency contraception.
    ``(b) Information.--The Secretary shall ensure that information 
provided pursuant to subsection (a) is provided in language that--
            ``(1) is clear and concise;
            ``(2) is readily comprehensible; and
            ``(3) meets such conditions (including conditions regarding 
        the provision of information in languages other than English) 
        as the Secretary may prescribe in regulations to carry out this 
        section.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `sexual assault survivor' means any 
        individual who presents at a military medical treatment 
        facility and--
                    ``(A) states to personnel of the facility that the 
                individual experienced a sexual assault;
                    ``(B) is accompanied by another person who states 
                that the individual experienced a sexual assault; or
                    ``(C) whom the personnel of the facility reasonably 
                believes to be a survivor of sexual assault.
            ``(2) The term `sexual assault' means the conduct described 
        in section 1565b(c) of this title that may result in 
        pregnancy.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
1074o the following new item:

``1074p. Provision of pregnancy prevention assistance at military 
                            medical treatment facilities.''.

SEC. 703. MODIFICATION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR TRICARE RESERVE SELECT FOR 
              CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE SELECTED RESERVE.

    Section 1076d(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``Paragraph (1) does not apply'' and inserting ``During the 
period preceding January 1, 2030, paragraph (1) does not apply''.

SEC. 704. LEAD LEVEL SCREENINGS AND TESTINGS FOR CHILDREN.

    (a) TRICARE.--
            (1) Well-baby care.--Section 1077 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(i)(1) Beginning January 1, 2020, in furnishing well-baby care 
under subsection (a)(8), the Secretary shall ensure that the following 
care is made available:
            ``(A) With respect to a child who lives in housing built 
        before 1978 at any time during the first 24 months of the life 
        of the child--
                    ``(i) the first testing of the child for the level 
                of lead in the blood of the child at approximately the 
                age of 12 months; and
                    ``(ii) the second such test at approximately the 
                age of 24 months.
            ``(B) With respect to a child not covered by subparagraph 
        (A) whose parent or guardian, at any time during the first 24 
        months of the life of the child, has a military occupational 
        specialty that the Secretary determines poses an elevated risk 
        of lead exposure--
                    ``(i) the first testing of the child for the level 
                of lead in the blood of the child at approximately the 
                age of 12 months; and
                    ``(ii) the second such test at approximately the 
                age of 24 months.
            ``(C) With respect to a child not covered by subparagraph 
        (A) or (B)--
                    ``(i) the first screening of the child for an 
                elevated risk of lead exposure at approximately the age 
                of 12 months; and
                    ``(ii) the second such screening at approximately 
                the age of 24 months.
            ``(D) With respect to a child covered by subparagraph (C) 
        whose screening indicates an elevated risk of lead exposure, 
        testing of the child for the level of lead in the blood of the 
        child.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall ensure that any care provided to a child 
pursuant to this chapter for lead poisoning, including the care under 
paragraph (1), is carried out in accordance with applicable advice from 
the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
    ``(3)(A) With respect to a child who receives a test under 
paragraph (1), the Secretary shall provide the results of the test to 
the parent or guardian of the child.
    ``(B) With respect to a child who receives a test under paragraph 
(1), the Secretary shall provide the results of the test and the 
address at which the child resides to--
            ``(i) the relevant health department of the State in which 
        the child resides if the child resides in the United States; or
            ``(ii) the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention if 
        the child resides outside the United States.
    ``(C) In providing information regarding a child to a State or the 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention under subparagraph (B), the 
Secretary may not provide any identifying information or health 
information of the child that is not specifically authorized in such 
subparagraph.
    ``(D) In this paragraph, the term `State' means each of the several 
States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and 
any territory or possession of the United States.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Subsection (a)(8) of such 
        section is amended by striking ``including well-baby care that 
        includes one screening of an infant for the level of lead in 
        the blood of the infant'' and inserting ``including, in 
        accordance with subsection (i), well-baby care that includes 
        screenings and testings for lead exposure and lead poisoning''.
            (3) Study.--Not later than January 1, 2021, the Secretary 
        of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
        a report detailing the following:
                    (A) The number of children who were tested for the 
                level of lead in the blood of the child pursuant to 
                subparagraph (A) of subsection (i)(1) of section 1077 
                of title 10, United States Code, as added by paragraph 
                (1), and of such number, the number who were found to 
                have elevated blood lead levels.
                    (B) The number of children who were tested for the 
                level of lead in the blood of the child pursuant to 
                subparagraph (B) of such subsection (i)(1), and of such 
                number, the number who were found to have lead 
                poisoning.
                    (C) The number of children who were screened for an 
                elevated risk of lead exposure pursuant to subparagraph 
                (C) of such subsection (i)(1).
                    (D) The number of children who were tested for the 
                level of lead in the blood of the child pursuant to 
                subparagraph (D) of such subsection, and of such 
                number, the number who were found to have elevated 
                blood lead levels.
                    (E) The treatment provided to children pursuant to 
                chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, for lead 
                poisoning.
            (4) GAO report.--Not later than January 1, 2022, the 
        Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the effectiveness 
        of screening, testing, and treating children for lead exposure 
        and lead poisoning pursuant to chapter 55 of title 10, United 
        States Code.
    (b) Notification of Housing.--Section 403 of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(p) Records Regarding Housing and Lead-Based Paint.--(1) The 
Secretary concerned shall keep a record of whether the following 
housing was built before, during, or after 1978:
            ``(A) Quarters of the United States under the jurisdiction 
        of that Secretary concerned.
            ``(B) A housing facility under the jurisdiction of that 
        Secretary concerned.
            ``(C) Other housing in which a member of the uniformed 
        service of that Secretary concerned resides.
    ``(2) As a condition of receipt of a basic allowance for housing 
under this section, a member of the uniformed services shall notify the 
Secretary concerned whether the housing in which that member resides 
was built before, during, or after 1978.''.

SEC. 705. EXPOSURE TO OPEN BURN PITS AND TOXIC AIRBORNE CHEMICALS OR 
              OTHER AIRBORNE CONTAMINANTS AS PART OF PERIODIC HEALTH 
              ASSESSMENTS AND OTHER PHYSICAL EXAMINATIONS.

    (a) Periodic Health Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that any periodic health assessment provided to members of the 
Armed Forces includes an evaluation of whether the member has been--
            (1) based or stationed at a location where an open burn pit 
        was used; or
            (2) exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or other airborne 
        contaminants, including any information recorded as part of the 
        Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry.
    (b) Separation History and Physical Examinations.--Section 
1145(a)(5) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the 
end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(C) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that each physical 
examination of a member under subparagraph (A) includes an assessment 
of whether the member was--
            ``(i) based or stationed at a location where an open burn 
        pit, as defined in subsection (c) of section 201 of the 
        Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act 
        of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 note), was used; or
            ``(ii) exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or other 
        airborne contaminants, including any information recorded as 
        part of the registry established by the Secretary of Veterans 
        Affairs under such section 201.''.
    (c) Deployment Assessments.--Section 1074f(b)(2) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subparagraph:
            ``(D) An assessment of whether the member was--
                    ``(i) based or stationed at a location where an 
                open burn pit, as defined in subsection (c) of section 
                201 of the Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' 
                Benefits Improvement Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 
                38 U.S.C. 527 note), was used; or
                    ``(ii) exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or other 
                airborne contaminants, including any information 
                recorded as part of the registry established by the 
                Secretary of Veterans Affairs under such section 
                201.''.
    (d) Sharing of Information.--
            (1) DOD-VA.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
        Veterans Affairs shall jointly enter into a memorandum of 
        understanding providing for the sharing by the Department of 
        Defense with the Department of Veterans Affairs of the results 
        of covered evaluations regarding the exposure by a member of 
        the Armed Forces to toxic airborne chemicals or other airborne 
        contaminants.
            (2) Registry.--If a covered evaluation of a member of the 
        Armed Forces establishes that the member was based or stationed 
        at a location where an open burn pit was used or that the 
        member was exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or other 
        airborne contaminants, the member shall be enrolled in the 
        Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry unless the member 
        elects to not so enroll.
    (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be construed 
to preclude eligibility for benefits under the laws administered by the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs by reason of the open burn pit exposure 
history of a veteran not being recorded in a covered evaluation.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit 
        Registry'' means the registry established by the Secretary of 
        Veterans Affairs under section 201 of the Dignified Burial and 
        Other Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act of 2012 (Public Law 
        112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 note).
            (2) The term ``covered evaluation'' means--
                    (A) a periodic health assessment conducted in 
                accordance with subsection (a);
                    (B) a separation history and physical examination 
                conducted under section 1145(a)(5) of title 10, United 
                States Code, as amended by this section; and
                    (C) a deployment assessment conducted under section 
                1074f(b)(2) of such title, as amended by this section.
            (3) The term ``open burn pit'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 201(c) of the Dignified Burial and Other 
        Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 
        38 U.S.C. 527 note).

SEC. 706. ENHANCEMENT OF RECORDKEEPING AND POSTDEPLOYMENT MEDICAL 
              ASSESSMENT REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO OCCUPATIONAL AND 
              ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD EXPOSURE DURING DEPLOYMENT.

    (a) Recording of Occupational and Environmental Health Risks in 
Deployment Area.--
            (1) Elements of medical tracking system.--Subsection 
        (b)(1)(A) of section 1074f of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in clause (ii), by striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (B) in clause (iii), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new clause:
                                            ``(iv) accurately record 
                                        any exposure to occupational 
                                        and environmental health risks 
                                        during the course of their 
                                        deployment.''.
            (2) Recordkeeping.--Subsection (c) of such section is 
        amended by inserting after ``deployment area'' the following: 
        ``(including the results of any assessment performed by the 
        Secretary of occupational and environmental health risks for 
        such area)''.
            (3) Effective date.--The amendments made by this subsection 
        shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Integration of Burn Pit Registry Information Into Electronic 
Health Records.--
            (1) Updates to electronic health records.--Beginning not 
        later than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
        Act--
                    (A) the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
                electronic health record maintained by such Secretary 
                of a member of the Armed Forces registered with the 
                burn pit registry is updated with any information 
                contained in such registry; and
                    (B) the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall ensure 
                that the electronic health record maintained by such 
                Secretary of a veteran registered with the burn pit 
                registry is updated with any information contained in 
                such registry.
            (2) Burn pit registry defined.--In this subsection, the 
        term ``burn pit registry'' means the registry established under 
        section 201 of the Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' 
        Improvements Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 
        note).
    (c) Postdeployment Medical Examination and Reassessments.--
            (1) Additional requirements.--Section 1074f of title 10, 
        United States Code is further amended by adding at the end the 
        following new subsection:
    ``(g) Additional Requirements for Postdeployment Medical 
Examinations and Health Reassessments.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
shall--
            ``(A) standardize and make available to a provider that 
        conducts a postdeployment medical examination or reassessment 
        under the system described in subsection (a) questions relating 
        to occupational and environmental health exposure; and
            ``(B) prior to an examination or reassessment of a member 
        of the armed forces, require such provider to review 
        information applicable to such member--
                    ``(i) in a Periodic Occupational and Environmental 
                Monitoring Summary (or any successor document); and
                    ``(ii) on the Defense Occupational and 
                Environmental Health Readiness System (or any successor 
                system).
    ``(2) The Secretary shall ensure that the medical record of a 
member includes information on the external cause relating to a 
diagnosis of the member, including by associating an external cause 
code (as issued under the International Statistical Classification of 
Diseases, 10th Revision (or any successor revision)).''.
            (2) Effective date.--The amendments made by this subsection 
        shall take effect 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
        this Act.
    (d) Report by Comptroller General of the United States.--Not later 
than two years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees and the Committees on Veterans' 
Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Senate a report 
containing an evaluation of the implementation of this section (and the 
amendments made by this section), including an assessment of the extent 
to which the Secretary of Defense and Secretary of Veterans Affairs are 
in compliance with the applicable requirements of this section (and the 
amendments made by this section).

SEC. 707. MODIFICATIONS TO POST-DEPLOYMENT MENTAL HEALTH ASSESSMENTS 
              FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES DEPLOYED IN SUPPORT OF A 
              CONTINGENCY OPERATION.

    (a) Required Assessments.--Section 1074m(a)(1) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking subparagraphs (C) and (D) and 
inserting the following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(C) Subject to paragraph (3) and subsection (d), 
                once during the period beginning on the date of 
                redeployment from the contingency operation and ending 
                14 days after such redeployment date.
                    ``(D) Subject to subsection (d), not less than once 
                annually--
                            ``(i) beginning 14 days after the date of 
                        redeployment from the contingency operation; or
                            ``(ii) if the assessment required by 
                        subparagraph (C) is performed during the period 
                        specified in paragraph (3), beginning 180 days 
                        after the date of redeployment from the 
                        contingency operation.''.
    (b) Exceptions.--Section 1074m(a) of such title, as amended by 
subsection (a), is further amended by striking paragraph (2) and 
inserting the following new paragraphs:
    ``(2) A mental health assessment is not required for a member of 
the armed forces under subparagraphs (C) and (D) of paragraph (1) 
(including an assessment performed pursuant to paragraph (3)) if the 
Secretary determines that providing such assessment to the member 
during the time periods under such subparagraphs would remove the 
member from forward deployment or put members or operational objectives 
at risk.
    ``(3) A mental health assessment required under subparagraph (C) of 
paragraph (1) may be provided during the period beginning 90 days after 
the date of redeployment from the contingency operation and ending 180 
days after such redeployment date if the Secretary determines that--
            ``(A) an insufficient number of personnel are available to 
        perform the assessment during the time period under such 
        subparagraph; or
            ``(B) an administrative processing issue exists upon the 
        return of the member to the home unit or duty station that 
        would prevent the effective performance of the assessment 
        during such time period.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply with respect to a date of redeployment that is on or after 
January 1, 2020.

SEC. 708. PROVISION OF BLOOD TESTING FOR FIREFIGHTERS OF DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE TO DETERMINE EXPOSURE TO PERFLUOROALKYL AND 
              POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.

    The Secretary of Defense shall include, as part of the annual 
physical examination provided by the Secretary to each firefighter of 
the Department of Defense, blood testing to determine and document the 
potential exposure of such firefighters to perfluoroalkyl and 
polyfluoroalkyl substances (commonly known as ``PFAS'').

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

SEC. 711. REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABELS.

    (a) Requirement.--Section 1074g of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (h) and (i) as subsections 
        (i) and (j), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (g) the following new 
        subsection (h):
    ``(h) Labeling.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that drugs 
made available through the facilities of the armed forces under the 
jurisdiction of the Secretary include labels that--
            ``(1) are printed and physically located on or within the 
        package from which the drug is to be dispensed; and
            ``(2) provide adequate directions for the purposes for 
        which the drug is intended.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Subsection (b)(1) of such section is 
amended by striking ``under subsection (h)'' and inserting ``under 
subsection (j)''.
    (c) Implementation.--Beginning not later than 90 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
implement subsection (h) of section 1074g of title 10, United States 
Code, as added by subsection (a).

SEC. 712. OFFICERS AUTHORIZED TO COMMAND ARMY DENTAL UNITS.

    Section 7081(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``Dental Corps Officer'' and inserting ``commissioned officer 
of the Army Medical Department''.

SEC. 713. IMPROVEMENTS TO LEADERSHIP OF INTERAGENCY PROGRAM OFFICE OF 
              THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND THE DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS 
              AFFAIRS.

    Subsection (c) of section 1635 of the Wounded Warrior Act (title 
XVI of Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(c) Leadership.--
            ``(1) Director.--The Director of the Office shall be the 
        head of the Office.
            ``(2) Deputy director.--The Deputy Director of the Office 
        shall be the deputy head of the Office and shall assist the 
        Director in carrying out the duties of the Director.
            ``(3) Reporting.--The Director shall report to the 
        Department of Veterans Affairs-Department of Defense Joint 
        Executive Committee established by section 320 of title 38, 
        United States Code.
            ``(4) Appointments.--
                    ``(A) Director.--The Director shall be jointly 
                appointed by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs and the 
                Secretary of Defense for a five-year term. The Director 
                may be reappointed for one or more additional terms.
                    ``(B) Deputy director.--The Deputy Director shall 
                be jointly appointed by the Secretary of Veterans 
                Affairs and the Secretary of Defense for a five-year 
                term. The Deputy Director may be reappointed for one or 
                more additional terms.
                    ``(C) Advice.--The Department of Veterans Affairs-
                Department of Defense Joint Executive Committee shall 
                provide the Secretary of Veterans Affairs and the 
                Secretary of Defense with advice regarding potential 
                individuals to be appointed Director and Deputy 
                Director under subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively.
                    ``(D) Minimum qualifications.--The Department of 
                Veterans Affairs-Department of Defense Joint Executive 
                Committee shall develop qualification requirements for 
                the office of the Director and the Deputy Director. 
                Such requirements shall ensure that, at a minimum, the 
                Director and Deputy Director, individually or together, 
                meet the following qualifications:
                            ``(i) Significant experience as a 
                        clinician, at the level of chief medical 
                        officer or equivalent.
                            ``(ii) Significant experience in health 
                        informatics, at the level of chief health 
                        informatics officer or equivalent.
                            ``(iii) Significant experience leading 
                        implementation of enterprise-wide technology in 
                        a health care setting in the public or private 
                        sector.
            ``(5) Additional guidance.--In addition to providing 
        direction, supervision, and control of the Office pursuant to 
        paragraph (3), the Department of Veterans Affairs-Department of 
        Defense Joint Executive Committee shall--
                    ``(A) provide guidance in the discharge of the 
                functions of the Office under this section; and
                    ``(B) facilitate the establishment of a charter and 
                mission statement for the Office.
            ``(6) Information to congress.--Upon request by any of the 
        appropriate committees of Congress, the Director and the Deputy 
        Director shall testify before such committee, or provide a 
        briefing or otherwise provide requested information to such 
        committee, regarding the discharge of the functions of the 
        Office under this section.''.

SEC. 714. INCLUSION OF BLAST EXPOSURE HISTORY IN MEDICAL RECORDS OF 
              MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with 
the Secretaries of the military departments, shall document blast 
exposure history in the medical record of a member of the Armed Forces 
to--
            (1) assist in determining whether a future illness or 
        injury of the member is service-connected; and
            (2) inform future blast exposure risk mitigation efforts of 
        the Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements.--A blast exposure history under subsection (a) shall 
include, at a minimum, the following:
            (1) The date of the exposure.
            (2) The duration of the exposure, and, if known, the 
        measured blast pressure experienced by the individual during 
        such exposure.
            (3) Whether the exposure occurred during combat or 
        training.
            (4) Such other information relating to the exposure as the 
        Secretary of Defense may specify pursuant to the guidance 
        described in subsection (c)(1).
    (c) Collection of Exposure Information.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall collect blast exposure information with respect to a member of 
the Armed Forces in a manner--
            (1) consistent with blast exposure measurement training 
        guidance of the Department, including any new guidance 
        developed pursuant to--
                    (A) the study on blast pressure exposure required 
                by section 734 of the National Defense Authorization 
                Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 
                1444); and
                    (B) the review of guidance on blast exposure during 
                training required by section 253 of the John S. McCain 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
                (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1704, 10 U.S.C. 2001 
                note);
            (2) compatible with training and operational objectives; 
        and
            (3) that is automated, to the extent practicable, to 
        minimize the reporting burden of unit commanders.
    (d) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the types of information included in a 
blast exposure history under subsection (a).

SEC. 715. COMPREHENSIVE POLICY FOR PROVISION OF MENTAL HEALTH CARE TO 
              MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Policy Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, shall develop 
and implement a comprehensive policy for the provision of mental health 
care to members of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Elements.--The policy under subsection (a) shall address each 
of the following:
            (1) The compliance of health professionals in the military 
        health system engaged in the provision of health care services 
        to members with clinical practice guidelines for--
                    (A) suicide prevention;
                    (B) medication-assisted therapy for alcohol use 
                disorders; and
                    (C) medication-assisted therapy for opioid use 
                disorders.
            (2) The access and availability of mental health care 
        services to members who are victims of sexual assault or 
        domestic violence.
            (3) The availability of naloxone reversal capability on 
        military installations.
            (4) The promotion of referrals of members by civilian 
        health care providers to military medical treatment facilities 
        when such members are--
                    (A) at high risk for suicide and diagnosed with a 
                psychiatric disorder; or
                    (B) receiving treatment for opioid use disorders.
            (5) The provision of comprehensive behavioral health 
        treatment to members of the reserve components that takes into 
        account the unique challenges associated with the deployment 
        pattern of such members and the difficulty such members 
        encounter post-deployment with respect to accessing such 
        treatment in civilian communities.
    (c) Consideration.--In developing the policy under subsection (a), 
the Secretary of Defense shall solicit and consider recommendations 
from the Secretaries of the military departments and the Chairman of 
the Joint Chiefs of Staff regarding the feasibility of implementation 
and execution of particular elements of the policy.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the implementation of the policy under 
subsection (a).

SEC. 716. LIMITATION ON THE REALIGNMENT OR REDUCTION OF MILITARY 
              MEDICAL MANNING END STRENGTH.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided by subsection (d), the 
Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries concerned may not realign or 
reduce military medical end strength authorizations until--
            (1) each review is conducted under paragraph (1) of 
        subsection (b);
            (2) each analysis is conducted under paragraph (2) of such 
        subsection;
            (3) the measurement is developed under paragraph (3) of 
        such subsection;
            (4) each plan and forum is provided under paragraph (4) of 
        such subsection; and
            (5) a period of 90 days elapses following the date on which 
        the Secretary submits the report under subsection (c).
    (b) Reviews, Analyses, and Other Information.--
            (1) Review.--Each Secretary concerned, in coordination with 
        the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall conduct a 
        review of the medical manpower requirements of the military 
        department of the Secretary that accounts for all national 
        defense strategy scenarios.
            (2) Analyses.--With respect to each military medical 
        treatment facility that would be affected by a proposed 
        military medical end strength realignment or reduction, the 
        Secretary concerned shall conduct an analysis that--
                    (A) identifies affected billets; and
                    (B) includes a plan for mitigating any potential 
                gap in health care services caused by such realignment 
                or reduction.
            (3) Measurement.--The Secretary of Defense shall--
                    (A) develop a standard measurement for network 
                adequacy to determine the capacity of the local health 
                care network to provide care for covered beneficiaries 
                in the area of a military medical treatment facility 
                that would be affected by a proposed military medical 
                end strength realignment or reduction; and
                    (B) use such measurement in carrying out this 
                section and otherwise evaluating proposed military 
                medical end strength realignment or reductions.
            (4) Outreach.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide to 
        each member of the Armed Forces and covered beneficiary located 
        in the area of a military medical treatment facility that would 
        be affected by a proposed military medical end strength 
        realignment or reduction the following:
                    (A) A transition plan for continuity of health care 
                services.
                    (B) A public forum to discuss the concerns of the 
                member and covered beneficiary regarding such proposed 
                realignment or reduction.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the 
Senate a report on the proposed military medical end strength 
realignments or reductions, including--
            (1) the reviews, analyses, and other information developed 
        under subsection (b); and
            (2) a description of the actions the Secretary plans to 
        take with respect to such proposed realignments or reductions.
    (d) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not apply to 
billets of a medical department of a military department that have 
remained unfilled since at least October 1, 2018. The Secretary 
concerned may realign or reduce such a billet if the Secretary 
determines that such realignment or reduction does not affect the 
provision of health care services to members of the Armed Forces or 
covered beneficiaries.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered beneficiary'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) The term ``proposed military medical end strength 
        realignment or reduction'' means a realignment or reduction of 
        military medical end strength authorizations as proposed by the 
        budget of the President for fiscal year 2020 submitted to 
        Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States 
        Code.
            (3) The term ``Secretary concerned'' means--
                    (A) the Secretary of the Army, with respect to 
                matters concerning the Army;
                    (B) the Secretary of the Navy, with respect to 
                matters concerning the Navy, the Marine Corps, and the 
                Coast Guard when it is operating as a service in the 
                Department of the Navy; and
                    (C) the Secretary of the Air Force, with respect to 
                matters concerning the Air Force.

SEC. 717. STRATEGY TO RECRUIT AND RETAIN MENTAL HEALTH PROVIDERS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report that--
            (1) describes the shortage of mental health providers of 
        the Department of Defense;
            (2) explains the reasons for such shortage;
            (3) explains the effect of such shortage on members of the 
        Armed Forces; and
            (4) contains a strategy to better recruit and retain mental 
        health providers, including with respect to psychiatrists, 
        psychologists, mental health nurse practitioners, licensed 
        social workers, and other licensed providers of the military 
        health system.

SEC. 718. MONITORING MEDICATION PRESCRIBING PRACTICES FOR THE TREATMENT 
              OF POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER.

    (a) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
        the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate a report on the practices for 
        prescribing medication during the period beginning January 1, 
        2012, and ending December 31, 2017, that were inconsistent with 
        the post-traumatic stress disorder medication guidelines 
        developed by the Department of Defense and the Veterans Health 
        Administration.
            (2) Contents.--The report under this subsection shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A summary of the practices of the Army, Navy, 
                and the Air Force, for prescribing medication during 
                the period referred to in paragraph (1) that were 
                inconsistent with the post-traumatic stress disorder 
                medication guidelines developed by the Department of 
                Defense and the Veterans Health Administration.
                    (B) Identification of medical centers serving 
                members of the Armed Forces found to having higher than 
                average incidences of prescribing medication during the 
                period referred to in paragraph (1) that were 
                inconsistent with the post-traumatic stress disorder 
                guidelines.
                    (C) A plan for such medical centers to reduce the 
                prescribing of medications that are inconsistent with 
                the post-traumatic stress disorder guidelines.
                    (D) A plan for ongoing monitoring of medical 
                centers found to have higher than average incidences of 
                prescribing medication that were inconsistent with the 
                post-traumatic stress disorder guidelines by the 
                Department of Defense and the Veterans Health 
                Administration.
    (b) Monitoring Program.--Based on the findings of the report under 
subsection (a), the Secretaries of the Army, the Navy, and the Air 
Force shall each establish a monitoring program carried out with 
respect to such branch of the Armed Forces that shall provide as 
follows:
            (1) The monitoring program shall provide for the conduct of 
        periodic reviews, beginning October 1, 2019, of medication 
        prescribing practices of its own providers.
            (2) The monitoring program shall provide for regular 
        reports, beginning October 1, 2020, to the Department of 
        Defense and the Veterans Health Administration, of the results 
        of the periodic reviews pursuant to paragraph (1) of this 
        subsection.
            (3) The monitoring program shall establish internal 
        procedures, not later than October 1, 2020, to address 
        practices for prescribing medication that are inconsistent with 
        the post-traumatic stress disorder medication guidelines 
        developed by the Department of Defense and the Veterans Health 
        Administration.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 721. ESTABLISHMENT OF MILITARY DENTAL RESEARCH PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 104 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 2116 the following new section:
``Sec. 2116a. Military dental research
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `military dental research' means research on 
        the furnishing of dental care and services by dentists in the 
        armed forces.
            ``(2) The term `TriService Dental Research Program' means 
        the program of military dental research authorized under this 
        section.
    ``(b) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense may establish 
at the University a program of military dental research.
    ``(c) TriService Research Group.--The TriService Dental Research 
Program shall be administered by a TriService Dental Research Group 
composed of Army, Navy, and Air Force dentists who are involved in 
military dental research and are designated by the Secretary concerned 
to serve as members of the group.
    ``(d) Duties of Group.--The TriService Dental Research Group 
described in subsection (c) shall--
            ``(1) develop for the Department of Defense recommended 
        guidelines for requesting, reviewing, and funding proposed 
        military dental research projects; and
            ``(2) make available to Army, Navy, and Air Force dentists 
        and officials of the Department of Defense who conduct military 
        dental research--
                    ``(A) information about dental research projects 
                that are being developed or carried out in the Army, 
                Navy, and Air Force; and
                    ``(B) expertise and information beneficial to the 
                encouragement of meaningful dental research.
    ``(e) Research Topics.--For purposes of this section, military 
dental research includes research on the following issues:
            ``(1) Issues regarding how to ensure the readiness of 
        members of the armed forces on active duty and in the reserve 
        components with respect to the provision of dental care and 
        services.
            ``(2) Issues regarding preventive dentistry and disease 
        management, including early detection of needs.
            ``(3) Issues regarding how to improve the results of dental 
        care and services provided in the armed forces in time of 
        peace.
            ``(4) Issues regarding how to improve the results of dental 
        care and services provided in the armed forces in time of war.
            ``(5) Issues regarding minimizing or eliminating emergent 
        dental conditions and dental disease and non-battle injuries in 
        deployed settings.
            ``(6) Issues regarding how to prevent complications 
        associated with dental-related battle injuries.
            ``(7) Issues regarding how to prevent complications 
        associated with the transportation of dental patients in the 
        military medical evacuation system.
            ``(8) Issues regarding the use of technological advances, 
        including teledentistry.
            ``(9) Issues regarding psychological distress in receiving 
        dental care and services.
            ``(10) Issues regarding how to improve methods of training 
        dental personnel, including dental assistants and dental 
        extenders.
            ``(11) Wellness issues relating to dental care and 
        services.
            ``(12) Case management issues relating to dental care and 
        services.
            ``(13) Issues regarding the use of alternate dental care 
        delivery systems, including the employment of interprofessional 
        practice models incorporating multiple health professions.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 104 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 2116 the following new item:

``2116a. Military dental research.''.

SEC. 722. PILOT PROGRAM ON CRYOPRESERVATION AND STORAGE.

    (a) Pilot Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
pilot program to provide not more than 1,000 members of the Armed 
Forces serving on active duty with the opportunity to cryopreserve and 
store their gametes prior to deployment to a combat zone.
    (b) Period.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide for the 
        cryopreservation and storage of gametes of a participating 
        member of the Armed Forces under subsection (a), at no cost to 
        the member, in a facility of the Department of Defense or at a 
        private entity pursuant to a contract under subsection (d) 
        until the date that is one year after the retirement, 
        separation, or release of the member from the Armed Forces.
            (2) Continued cryopreservation and storage.--At the end of 
        the one-year period specified in paragraph (1), the Secretary 
        shall authorize an individual whose gametes were cryopreserved 
        and stored in a facility of the Department as described in that 
        paragraph to select, including pursuant to an advance medical 
        directive or military testamentary instrument completed under 
        subsection (c), one of the following options:
                    (A) To continue such cryopreservation and storage 
                in such facility with the cost of such cryopreservation 
                and storage borne by the individual.
                    (B) To transfer the gametes to a private 
                cryopreservation and storage facility selected by the 
                individual.
                    (C) To authorize the Secretary to dispose of the 
                gametes of the individual not earlier than the date 
                that is 90 days after the end of the one-year period 
                specified in paragraph (1) with respect to the 
                individual.
    (c) Advance Medical Directive and Military Testamentary 
Instrument.--A member of the Armed Forces who elects to cryopreserve 
and store their gametes under this section shall complete an advance 
medical directive described in section 1044c(b) of title 10, United 
States Code, and a military testamentary instrument described in 
section 1044d(b) of such title, that explicitly specifies the use of 
their cryopreserved and stored gametes if such member dies or otherwise 
loses the capacity to consent to the use of their cryopreserved and 
stored gametes.
    (d) Agreements.--To carry out this section, the Secretary may enter 
into agreements with private entities that provide cryopreservation and 
storage services for gametes.

SEC. 723. ENCOURAGEMENT OF PARTICIPATION IN WOMEN'S HEALTH TRANSITION 
              TRAINING PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) Encouragement of Participation.--The Secretaries of the 
military departments shall encourage female members of the Armed Forces 
who are separating or retiring from the Armed Forces during fiscal year 
2020 to participate in the Women's Health Transition Training pilot 
program (in this section referred to as the ``pilot program'') 
administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
    (b) Selection.--Each Secretary of a military department shall 
select at least one location at which the pilot program is offered and 
encourage participation in the pilot program at such location.
    (c) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives and the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the 
Senate and House of Representatives a report on the pilot program that 
includes the following:
            (1) For the period since the commencement of the pilot 
        program--
                    (A) the number of courses held under the pilot 
                program;
                    (B) the locations at which such courses were held; 
                and
                    (C) for each location identified in subparagraph 
                (B)--
                            (i) the number of female members by 
                        military department (with respect to Department 
                        of the Navy, separately for the Navy and Marine 
                        Corps) who participated in the pilot program; 
                        and
                            (ii) the number of seats available under 
                        the pilot program.
            (2) Data relating to--
                    (A) satisfaction with courses held under the pilot 
                program;
                    (B) improved awareness of health care services 
                administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs; and
                    (C) any other available statistics regarding the 
                pilot program.
            (3) A discussion of regulatory, legal, or resource barriers 
        to--
                    (A) making the pilot program permanent to enable 
                access by a greater number of female members at 
                locations throughout the United States;
                    (B) offering the pilot program online for female 
                members who are unable to attend courses held under the 
                pilot program in person; and
                    (C) providing for automatic enrollment of 
                participants in the pilot program in the patient 
                enrollment system of the Department of Veterans Affairs 
                established and operated under section 1705 of title 
                38, United States Code.

SEC. 724. NATIONAL GUARD SUICIDE PREVENTION PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) Pilot Program Authorized.--The Chief of the National Guard 
Bureau may carry out a pilot program to expand suicide prevention and 
intervention efforts at the community level through the use of a mobile 
application that provides the capability for a member of the National 
Guard to receive prompt support, including access to a behavioral 
health professional, on a smartphone, tablet computer, or other 
handheld mobile device.
    (b) Elements.--The pilot program shall include, subject to such 
conditions as the Secretary may prescribe--
            (1) the use by members of the National Guard of an existing 
        mobile application that provides the capability described in 
        subsection (a); or
            (2) the development and use of a new mobile application 
        that provides such capability.
    (c) Eligibility and Participation Requirements.--The Chief of the 
National Guard Bureau shall establish requirements with respect to 
eligibility and participation in the pilot program.
    (d) Assessment Prior to Pilot Program Commencement.--Prior to 
commencement of the pilot program, the Chief of the National Guard 
Bureau shall--
            (1) conduct an assessment of existing prevention and 
        intervention efforts of the National Guard in each State that 
        include the use of mobile applications that provide the 
        capability described in subsection (a) to determine best 
        practices for providing immediate and localized care through 
        the use of such mobile applications; and
            (2) determine the feasibility of expanding existing 
        programs on a national scale.
    (e) Responsibilities of Entities Participating in Pilot Program.--
Each entity that participates in the pilot program shall--
            (1) share best practices with other entities participating 
        in the program; and
            (2) annually assess outcomes with respect to members of the 
        National Guard.
    (f) Term.--The pilot program shall terminate on the date that is 
three years after the date on which the pilot program commenced.
    (g) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--If the Chief of the National Guard 
        Bureau commences the pilot program authorized under subsection 
        (a), not later than 180 days after the date of the commencement 
        of such program, the Chief shall submit to the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
        report containing a description of the pilot program and such 
        other matters as the Chief considers appropriate.
            (2) Final report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
                termination of the pilot program, the Chief of the 
                National Guard Bureau shall submit to the Committees on 
                Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
                Representatives a report on such pilot program.
                    (B) Matters included.--The report under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include the following:
                            (i) A description of the pilot program, 
                        including any partnerships entered into by the 
                        Chief of the National Guard Bureau under the 
                        program.
                            (ii) An assessment of the effectiveness of 
                        the pilot program.
                            (iii) A description of costs associated 
                        with the implementation of the pilot program.
                            (iv) The estimated costs of making the 
                        pilot program permanent.
                            (v) A recommendation as to whether the 
                        pilot program should be extended or made 
                        permanent.
                            (vi) Such other recommendations for 
                        legislative or administrative action as the 
                        Chief of the National Guard Bureau considers 
                        appropriate.
    (h) State Defined.--In this section, the term ``State'' means each 
of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of 
Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the United States Virgin Islands, 
and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

SEC. 725. REPORTS ON SUICIDE AMONG MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Reports.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter through January 31, 
2021, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a report on 
suicide among members of the Armed Forces during the year preceding the 
date of the report.
    (b) Matters Included.--Each report under subsection (a) shall 
include the following with respect to the year covered by the report:
            (1) The number of suicides, attempted suicides, and 
        occurrences of suicidal ideation involving a member of the 
        Armed Forces, including the reserve components thereof, listed 
        by Armed Force.
            (2) The number of suicides, attempted suicides, or suicidal 
        ideation identified under paragraph (1) that occurred during 
        each of the following periods:
                    (A) The first 180 days of the member serving in the 
                Armed Forces.
                    (B) The period in which the member is deployed in 
                support of a contingency operation.
            (3) With respect to the number of suicides, attempted 
        suicides, or suicidal ideation identified under paragraph 
        (2)(A), the initial recruit training location of the member.
            (4) The number of suicides involving a dependent of a 
        member.
            (5) A description of any research collaborations and data 
        sharing by the Department of Defense with the Department of 
        Veterans Affairs, other departments or agencies of the Federal 
        Government, academic institutions, or nongovernmental 
        organizations.
            (6) Identification of a research agenda for the Department 
        of Defense to improve the evidence base on effective suicide 
        prevention treatment and risk communication.
            (7) A description of the effectiveness of the policies 
        developed pursuant to section 567 of the Carl Levin and Howard 
        P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note) and 
        section 582 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note), 
        including with respect to--
                    (A) metrics identifying effective treatment 
                modalities for members of the Armed Forces who are at 
                risk for suicide (including any clinical interventions 
                involving early identification and treatment of such 
                members);
                    (B) metrics for the rate of integration of mental 
                health screenings and suicide risk and prevention for 
                members during the delivery of primary care for such 
                members;
                    (C) metrics relating to the effectiveness of 
                suicide prevention and resilience programs and 
                preventative behavioral health programs of the 
                Department of Defense (including those of the military 
                departments and the Armed Forces); and
                    (D) metrics evaluating the training standards for 
                behavioral health care providers to ensure that such 
                providers have received training on clinical best 
                practices and evidence-based treatments.

SEC. 726. STUDY ON MILITARY-CIVILIAN INTEGRATED HEALTH DELIVERY 
              SYSTEMS.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study on the 
use of local integrated military-civilian integrated health delivery 
systems pursuant to section 706 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1096 note). The 
study shall examine the following:
            (1) Geographic locations where military medical treatment 
        facilities have existing contractual relationships with local 
        civilian health care networks, including Fort Drum, New York, 
        Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst, New Jersey, Joint Base Lewis-
        McCord, Washington, Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri, Elmendorf Air 
        Force Base, Alaska, Fort Sill, Oklahoma, Tripler Army Medical 
        Center, Hawaii, the National Capital Region, and similar 
        locations.
            (2) Health care activities that promote value-based care, 
        measurable health outcomes, patient safety, timeliness of 
        referrals, and transparent communication with covered 
        beneficiaries.
            (3) Locations where health care providers of the Department 
        of Defense may be able to attain critical wartime readiness 
        skills in a local integrated military-civilian integrated 
        health delivery system.
            (4) The cost of providing care under an integrated 
        military-civilian integrated health delivery system as compared 
        to health care provided by a managed care support contractor.
    (b) Submission.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the 
Senate a report on the results of the study under subsection (a).
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered beneficiaries'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 1072 of title 10, United States 
        Code.
            (2) The term ``National Capital Region'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 2674 of title 10, United States 
        Code.

SEC. 727. STUDY ON CASE MANAGEMENT AT MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT 
              FACILITIES.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study on the 
effectiveness of case management practices at military medical 
treatment facilities. The study shall include the following:
            (1) A standardized definition of case management.
            (2) An evaluation of case management practices provided by 
        the military departments before and during the transition of 
        the administration of military medical treatment facilities to 
        the Defense Health Agency pursuant to section 1073c of title 
        10, United States Code.
            (3) A discussion of the metrics involved with determining 
        the effectiveness of case management and the cost of case 
        management.
            (4) A review of case management best practices in the 
        private sector, including with respect to--
                    (A) the intervals at which patients should be 
                contacted;
                    (B) the role of the case manager in coordination;
                    (C) the approximate number of patients managed by a 
                case manager; and
                    (D) any other best practices relating to case 
                management that would improve the experience of care 
                within the military health system.
            (5) The results of a discussion with covered beneficiaries 
        (as defined in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code) in 
        a public forum on case management in military medical treatment 
        facilities administered by the Defense Health Agency.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the 
Senate a report on the results of the study under subsection (a).

SEC. 728. STUDY ON INFERTILITY AMONG MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Study.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a study 
on the incidence of infertility among members of the Armed Forces, 
including the reserve components thereof.
    (b) Matters Included.--The study shall include the following:
            (1) The number of members of the Armed Forces serving as of 
        the date of the study who are diagnosed with common causes of 
        infertility, such as polycystic ovary syndrome, pelvic 
        inflammatory disease, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, sexually 
        transmitted disease, testicular disorders, and male endocrine 
        disorders.
            (2) The number of members serving as of the date of the 
        study whose infertility has no known cause.
            (3) The incidence of miscarriage among women members, 
        listed by Armed Force and military occupation.
            (4) A comparison of the rates of infertility and 
        miscarriage in the Armed Forces to such rates in the civilian 
        population, as reported by the Centers for Disease Control and 
        Prevention.
            (5) Demographic information of the members described in 
        paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), include with respect to race, 
        ethnicity, sex, age, military occupation, and possible 
        exposures during military service to hazardous elements such as 
        chemical and biologic agents.
            (6) An assessment of the ease or delay for members in 
        obtaining treatment for infertility, including in vitro 
        fertilization, including--
                    (A) the wait times at each military medical 
                treatment facility that has community partnerships to 
                provide in vitro fertilization;
                    (B) the number of members described in paragraph 
                (1) who are candidates for in vitro fertilization or 
                other infertility treatments but cannot obtain such 
                treatments because of the location at which the member 
                is stationed or the duties of the member; and
                    (C) a discussion of the reasons members cease 
                seeking such treatments through the military health 
                system.
            (7) Criteria used by the Secretary to determine service 
        connection for infertility, including whether screenings for 
        levels of toxins are undertaken when the cause of infertility 
        cannot be determined.
            (8) The policy of the Department of Defense, as of the date 
        of the study, for ensuring geographic stability during 
        treatment of women members undergoing in vitro fertilization 
        for either service-connected or non-service-connected 
        infertility.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

             Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

SEC. 801. ESTABLISHMENT OF ACQUISITION PATHWAYS FOR SOFTWARE 
              APPLICATIONS AND SOFTWARE UPGRADES.

    (a) Guidance Required.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary 
of Defense shall establish guidance authorizing the use of acquisition 
pathways described in subsection (b) for the rapid acquisition of 
software applications and software upgrades that are intended to be 
fielded within one year. A contract awarded under this section--
            (1) shall be in an amount equal to or less than 
        $50,000,000; and
            (2) may be entered into for a period of not more than one 
        year.
    (b) Software Acquisition Pathways.--The guidance required by 
subsection (a) shall provide for the use of the following two 
acquisition pathways:
            (1) Applications.--The applications pathway shall provide 
        for the use of rapid development and implementation of software 
        applications to be used with commercially available hardware.
            (2) Upgrades.--The upgrades pathway shall provide for the 
        rapid development and insertion of software upgrades for 
        embedded weapon systems or another hardware system solely used 
        by the Department of Defense.
    (c) General Requirements.--The guidance required by subsection (a) 
shall provide for--
            (1) the use of proven technologies and solutions to 
        continuously engineer, update, and deliver capabilities in 
        software; and
            (2) a streamlined and coordinated requirements, budget, and 
        acquisition process that results in the rapid fielding of 
        software applications and software upgrades.
    (d) Expedited Process.--
            (1) In general.--An acquisition conducted under the 
        guidance required by subsection (a) shall not be subject to the 
        Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System Manual 
        and Department of Defense Directive 5000.01, except to the 
        extent specifically provided in such guidance.
            (2) Requirements process.--The guidance required by 
        subsection (a) shall provide that the requirements for 
        acquisition of software applications and software upgrades--
                    (A) are developed, refined, and prioritized on an 
                iterative basis through continuous participation and 
                collaboration by users, testers, and requirements 
                authorities;
                    (B) include an identification of the need for, and 
                users of, the software to be acquired and a rationale 
                for how the software will support increased efficiency 
                of the Department of Defense;
                    (C) are stated in the form of a summary-level list 
                of vulnerabilities in existing software systems and 
                desired features or capabilities of the software to be 
                acquired; and
                    (D) consider issues related to lifecycle costs, 
                systems interoperability, and logistics support if the 
                developer of the software to be acquired stops 
                providing support.
            (4) Execution of rapid acquisitions.--The Secretary shall 
        ensure that--
                    (A) an acquisition conducted under the guidance 
                required by subsection (a) is supported by an entity 
                capable of regular automated testing of the source code 
                of the software to be acquired and that such entity is 
                authorized to buy storage, bandwidth, and computing 
                capability as necessary;
                    (B) the Department of Defense can collect and 
                analyze the testing data described in subparagraph (A) 
                to make decisions regarding software acquisition and 
                oversight;
                    (C) the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation 
                and the project manager appointed under paragraph (5) 
                design test cases to ensure that the entity described 
                in subparagraph (A) can test the software to be 
                acquired to ensure such software meets the requirements 
                of the contract;
                    (D) the project manager appointed under paragraph 
                (5) closely monitors the progress of an acquisition 
                conducted under the guidance required by subsection 
                (a);
                    (E) an independent cost estimate is conducted that 
                considers--
                            (i) the iterative process of the 
                        development of the software to be acquired; and
                            (ii) the long-term value of the software to 
                        be acquired to the Department of Defense, not 
                        based on the value of individual lines of 
                        source code of the software;
                    (F) the performance of fielded versions of the 
                software to be acquired are demonstrated and evaluated 
                in an operational environment; and
                    (G) performance metrics of the software to be 
                acquired, such as metrics relating to when the software 
                can be fielded, delivery capabilities of the software 
                (including speed of recovery from outages and 
                cybersecurity vulnerabilities), and assessments and 
                estimations of the size and complexity of such 
                software, are automatically generated on a continuous 
                basis and made available to the Department of Defense 
                and the congressional defense committees.
            (5) Administration of software acquisition pathways.--The 
        guidance required by subsection (a) may provide for the use of 
        any of the following streamlined procedures:
                    (A) The service acquisition executive of the 
                military department concerned shall appoint a project 
                manager for each acquisition of software applications 
                and software upgrades, as determined by the service 
                acquisition executive. Such project manager shall be 
                appointed from among civilian employees or members of 
                the Armed Forces who have significant and relevant 
                experience in current software processes.
                    (B) Each project manager shall report with respect 
                to such acquisition directly, and without intervening 
                review or approval, to the service acquisition 
                executive of the military department concerned.
                    (C) The service acquisition executive of the 
                military department concerned shall evaluate the job 
                performance of such manager on an annual basis. In 
                conducting an evaluation under this paragraph, a 
                service acquisition executive shall consider the extent 
                to which the manager has achieved the objectives of the 
                acquisition for which the manager is responsible, 
                including quality, timeliness, and cost objectives.
                    (D) The project manager shall be authorized staff 
                positions for a technical staff, including experts in 
                software engineering to enable the manager to manage 
                the acquisition without the technical assistance of 
                another organizational unit of an agency to the maximum 
                extent practicable.
                    (E) The project manager shall be authorized, in 
                coordination with the users and testers of the software 
                to be acquired, to make tradeoffs among lifecycle 
                costs, requirements, and schedules to meet the goals of 
                the acquisition.
                    (F) The service acquisition executive or the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, 
                as applicable, shall serve as the decision authority 
                for the acquisition.
                    (G) The project manager of a defense streamlined 
                acquisition shall be provided a process to 
                expeditiously seek a waiver from Congress from any 
                statutory or regulatory requirement that the project 
                manager determines adds little or no value to the 
                management of the acquisition.
    (e) Contract Terms.--
            (1) In general.--A contract entered into pursuant to the 
        guidance required by subsection (a)--
                    (A) may be awarded within a 90-day period after 
                solicitation on the basis of--
                            (i) statements of qualifications and past 
                        performance data submitted by offerors; and
                            (ii) discussions with two or more qualified 
                        offerors without regard to price;
                    (B) may be a time-and-materials contract;
                    (C) shall be treated as a contract for the 
                acquisition of commercial services (as defined in 
                section 103a of title 41, United States Code, as in 
                effect on January 1, 2020);
                    (D) shall identify the individuals to perform the 
                work of the contract, and such individuals may not be 
                replaced without the advance written consent of the 
                contracting officer; and
                    (E) may allow for a contractor performing the work 
                of the contract to review existing software in 
                consultation with the user community and incorporate 
                user feedback to--
                            (i) define and prioritize software 
                        requirements; and
                            (ii) design and implement new software 
                        applications and software upgrades.
            (2) Options.--A contract entered into pursuant to the 
        guidance required by subsection (a) may contain an option to 
        extend the contract once, for a period not to exceed one year, 
        to complete the implementation of one or more specified 
        software applications and software upgrades identified during 
        the period of the initial contract. Such an option may not be 
        in an amount greater than $100,000,000 and--
                    (A) if the option is a time-and-materials contract, 
                it shall be treated as a contract for the acquisition 
                of commercial services (as defined in section 103a of 
                title 41, United States Code); and
                    (B) if the option is a fixed-price contract, it 
                shall be treated as a contract for the acquisition of 
                commercial products (as defined in section 103 of title 
                41, United States Code).
    (f) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be deemed 
to prevent the use of other methods of acquisition to procure software 
applications and upgrades.
    (g) Conforming Amendment.--Section 2430(a)(2) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(C) an acquisition program for software 
                applications and software upgrades carried out using 
                the acquisition guidance issued pursuant to section 801 
                of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
                Year 2020.''.

SEC. 802. SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT AND SOFTWARE ACQUISITION TRAINING AND 
              MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS.

    (a) Establishment of Software Development and Software Acquisition 
Training and Management Programs.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
        the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment 
        and in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering and the Chief Information Officer of 
        the Department of Defense, shall establish software development 
        and software acquisition training and management programs for 
        all software acquisition professionals, software developers, 
        and other appropriate individuals, as determined by the 
        Secretary of Defense to earn a certification in software 
        development and software acquisition.
            (2) Program contents.--The programs established under 
        paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) develop and expand the use of specialized 
                training programs for chief information officers of the 
                military departments and the Defense Agencies, service 
                acquisition executives, program executive officers, and 
                program managers to include training on and experience 
                in--
                            (i) continuous software development; and
                            (ii) acquisition pathways available to 
                        acquire software;
                    (B) ensure program managers for major defense 
                acquisition programs, defense business systems, and 
                other software programs of the Department of Defense--
                            (i) have demonstrated competency in current 
                        software processes;
                            (ii) have the skills to lead a workforce 
                        that can quickly meet challenges, use software 
                        tools that prioritize continuous or frequent 
                        upgrades as such tools become available, take 
                        up opportunities provided by new innovations, 
                        and plan software activities in short 
                        iterations to learn from risks of software 
                        testing; and
                            (iii) have the experience and training to 
                        delegate technical oversight and execution 
                        decisions; and
                    (C) include continuing education courses and 
                experiential training to help individuals maintain 
                skills learned through the programs.
    (b) Reports.--
            (1) Reports required.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees--
                    (A) not later than 90 days after the date of the 
                enactment of this Act, an initial report; and
                    (B) not later than one year after the date of the 
                enactment of this Act, a final report.
            (2) Contents.--Each report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall include--
                    (A) the status of implementing the software 
                development and software acquisition training and 
                management programs established under subsection 
                (a)(1);
                    (B) a description of the requirements for 
                certification, including the requirements for 
                competencies in current software processes;
                    (C) a description of potential career paths in 
                software development and software acquisition within 
                the Department of Defense;
                    (D) an independent assessment conducted by the 
                Defense Innovation Board of the progress made on 
                implementing the programs established under subsection 
                (a)(1); and
                    (E) any recommendations for changes to existing law 
                to facilitate the implementation of the programs 
                established under subsection (a)(1).
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Program executive officer; program manager.--The terms 
        ``program executive officer'' and ``program manager'' have the 
        meanings given those terms, respectively, in section 1737 of 
        title 10, United States Code.
            (2) Service acquisition executive.--The terms ``military 
        department'', ``Defense Agency'', and ``service acquisition 
        executive'' have the meanings given those terms, respectively, 
        in section 101 of title 10, United States Code.
            (3) Major defense acquisition program.--The term ``major 
        defense acquisition program'' has the meaning given in section 
        2430 of title 10, United States Code.
            (4) Defense business system.--The term ``defense business 
        system'' has the meaning given in section 2222(i)(1) of title 
        10, United States Code.

SEC. 803. MODIFICATIONS TO COST OR PRICING DATA FOR CERTAIN 
              PROCUREMENTS.

    (a) Cost or Pricing Data for Certain Commercial Products.--
            (1) In general.--Section 2306a(b)(4) of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
            ``(D) If the head of contracting activity determines, based 
        on market research, that a commercial item will be solely 
        procured by the Department of Defense, the offeror of such 
        commercial product shall provide cost or pricing data to the 
        contracting officer pursuant to subsection (a).''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Effective January 1, 2020, 
        subparagraph (D) of section 2306a(b)(4) of title 10, United 
        States Code, as added by paragraph (1), is amended by striking 
        ``commercial item'' and inserting ``commercial product''.
    (b) Data Other Than Certified Cost or Pricing Data for Sole Source 
Contract Awards.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        revise the Defense Supplement to the Federal Acquisition 
        Regulation to require an offeror for a sole source contract, 
        subcontract, or modification of a sole source contract or 
        subcontract, to submit to the contracting officer data other 
        than certified cost or pricing data under section 2306a(d) of 
        title 10, United States Code, for purposes of determining the 
        reasonableness of the price of the contract, subcontract, or 
        modification of the contract or subcontract.
            (2) Penalty.--With respect to an offeror that fails to 
        comply with the requirements established under paragraph (1), 
        the Secretary of Defense may--
                    (A) suspend or debar such offeror; or
                    (B) include a notation on such offeror in the 
                system used by the Federal Government to monitor or 
                record contractor past performance.
    (c) Should-cost Analysis for Commercial Product Procurements.--The 
Director of the Defense Contract Management Agency shall identify which 
commercial products (as defined in section 103 of title 41, United 
States Code, as in effect on January 1, 2020) should be analyzed under 
the should-cost review process before the Secretary of Defense enters 
into a contract to procure such a commercial product.
    (d) Guidelines and Resources on the Acquisition or Licensing of 
Intellectual Property.--Section 2322 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Guidelines and Resources.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
        the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, 
        shall develop guidelines and resources on the acquisition or 
        licensing of intellectual property, including--
                    ``(A) model forms for specially negotiated licenses 
                described under section 2320(f) (as appropriate); and
                    ``(B) an identification of definitions, key terms, 
                examples, and case studies that resolve ambiguities in 
                the differences between--
                            ``(i) detailed manufacturing and process 
                        data;
                            ``(ii) form, fit, and function data; and
                            ``(iii) data required for operations, 
                        maintenance, installation, and training.
            ``(2) Consultation.--In developing the guidelines and 
        resources described in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall 
        regularly consult with appropriate stakeholders, including 
        large and small businesses, traditional and non-traditional 
        contractors (including subcontractors), and maintenance repair 
        organizations.''.

SEC. 804. MODIFICATIONS TO COST OR PRICING DATA ON BELOW-THRESHOLD 
              CONTRACTS.

    (a) Below-threshold Civilian Contracts.--Section 3504 of title 41, 
United States Code is amended--
            (1) by striking ``head of the procuring activity'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``contracting officer'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``or (2)''; and
            (3) by striking subsection (c).
    (b) Below-threshold Defense Contracts.--Section 2306a(c) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``head of the procuring activity'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``contracting officer'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``or (B)''; and
            (3) by striking paragraph (3).

SEC. 805. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON PRICE REASONABLENESS.

    Not later than March 31, 2021, the Comptroller General of the 
United States shall submit to the congressional defense committees, the 
Committee on Oversight and Reform of the House of Representatives, and 
the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the 
Senate a report on the efforts of the Secretary of Defense to secure 
data relating to the price reasonableness of offers from offerors. The 
report shall include a review of--
            (1) the number of, and justification for, any waiver of 
        requirements for submission of certified cost or pricing data 
        for sole source contracts for spare parts issued during fiscal 
        years 2015 through 2019 pursuant to section 2306a(b)(1)(C) of 
        title 10, United States Code;
            (2) the number of, and justification for, any exception to 
        the requirements for submission of certified cost or pricing 
        data for sole source contracts for spare parts provided during 
        fiscal years 2015 through 2019 pursuant to section 
        2306a(b)(1)(B) of title 10, United States Code;
            (3) the number of contracts awarded for which a request for 
        cost or pricing data, including data other than certified cost 
        or pricing data, to determine price reasonableness was denied 
        by an offeror at the time of award;
            (4) actions taken by the Secretary if an offeror refused to 
        provide request data described in paragraph (2), including--
                    (A) whether the contracting officer included a 
                notation in the system used by the Federal Government 
                to monitor or record contractor past performance 
                regarding the refusal of an offeror to provide such 
                data;
                    (B) any strategies developed by the Secretary to 
                acquire the good that was the subject of a contract for 
                which the offeror refused to provide such data in the 
                future without the need for such a waiver.

SEC. 806. REQUIREMENT THAT CERTAIN SHIP COMPONENTS BE MANUFACTURED IN 
              THE NATIONAL TECHNOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL BASE.

    (a) Additional Procurement Limitation.--Section 2534(a) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
new paragraph:
            ``(6) Components for auxiliary ships.--Subject to 
        subsection (k), the following components:
                    ``(A) Auxiliary equipment, including pumps, for all 
                shipboard services.
                    ``(B) Propulsion system components, including 
                engines, reduction gears, and propellers.
                    ``(C) Shipboard cranes.
                    ``(D) Spreaders for shipboard cranes.''.
    (b) Implementation.--Such section is further amended by adding at 
the end the following new subsection:
    ``(k) Implementation of Auxiliary Ship Component Limitation.--
Subsection (a)(6) applies only with respect to contracts awarded by the 
Secretary of a military department for new construction of an auxiliary 
ship after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 using funds available for 
National Defense Sealift Fund programs or Shipbuilding and Conversion, 
Navy. For purposes of this subsection, the term `auxiliary ship' does 
not include an icebreaker.''.

SEC. 807. ACQUISITION AND DISPOSAL OF CERTAIN RARE EARTH MATERIALS.

    (a) Guidance on Streamlined Acquisition of Covered Rare Earth 
Materials.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment, in consultation with the Under 
        Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), the Vice Chairman of the 
        Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the appropriate Under Secretary of 
        State designated by the Secretary of State shall establish 
        guidance to--
                    (A) enable the acquisition of items containing rare 
                earth materials; and
                    (B) establish a secure supply chain for rare earth 
                materials from sources within the United States and 
                covered foreign sources.
            (2) Contents.--The guidance required by paragraph (1) shall 
        encourage the use of rare earth materials mined, refined, 
        processed, melted, or sintered in the United States and 
        include--
                    (A) a determination of when best value contracting 
                methods should be used to ensure the viability of a 
                rare earth material supplier;
                    (B) a guide to the applicability of relevant 
                statutes, including sections 2533b and 2533c of title 
                10, United States Code, and other statutory or 
                regulatory restrictions to defense contracts and 
                subcontracts;
                    (C) information on current sources within the 
                United States and covered foreign sources of rare earth 
                materials along with commonly used commercial 
                documentation and review processes;
                    (D) directives on budgeting and expending funds for 
                the qualification and certification of suppliers of 
                rare earth materials within the United States to meet 
                national security needs; and
                    (E) any exceptions to the Joint Capabilities 
                Integration and Development System Manual and 
                Department of Defense Directive 5000.01.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment, in consultation with the 
        appropriate Under Secretary of State designated by the 
        Secretary of State, shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees, the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
        Senate a report on--
                    (A) the guidance required by paragraph (1); and
                    (B) the efforts of the Secretary of Defense to 
                create and maintain secure supply chain for rare earth 
                materials from sources within the United States and 
                covered foreign sources.
            (4) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) Covered foreign source.--The term ``covered 
                foreign source'' means a source located in a foreign 
                country that is not an adversary of the United States, 
                as determined by the Secretary of Defense.
                    (B) Rare earth material.--The term ``rare earth 
                material'' means a concentrate, oxide, carbonate, 
                fluoride, metal, alloy, magnet, or finished product 
                whose chemical, magnetic, or nuclear properties are 
                largely defined by the presence of--
                            (i) yttrium;
                            (ii) scandium; or
                            (iii) any lanthanide series element.
    (b) Authority to Dispose of and Acquire Materials for the National 
Defense Stockpile.--
            (1) Disposal authority.--Pursuant to section 5(b) of the 
        Strategic and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act (50 U.S.C. 
        98d(b)), the National Defense Stockpile Manager shall dispose 
        of 3,000,000 pounds of tungsten ores and concentrates contained 
        in the National Defense Stockpile (in addition to any amount 
        previously authorized for disposal).
            (2) Acquisition authority.--
                    (A) Authority.--Using funds available in the 
                National Defense Stockpile Transaction Fund, the 
                National Defense Stockpile Manager may acquire the 
                following materials determined to be strategic and 
                critical materials required to meet the defense, 
                industrial, and essential civilian needs of the United 
                States:
                            (i) Aerospace-grade rayon.
                            (ii) Electrolytic manganese metal.
                            (iii) Pitch-based carbon fiber.
                            (iv) Rare earth cerium compounds.
                            (v) Rare earth lanthanum compounds.
                    (B) Amount of authority.--The National Defense 
                Stockpile Manager may use up to $37,420,000 in the 
                National Defense Stockpile Transaction Fund for 
                acquisition of the materials specified in subsection 
                (b).
                    (C) Fiscal year limitation.--The authority under 
                subsection (b) is available for purchases during fiscal 
                year 2020 through fiscal year 2024.
    (c) National Defense Stockpile Sales.--
            (1) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
        tantalum should be designated as a strategic and critical 
        material under the Strategic and Critical Materials Stock 
        Piling Act (50 U.S.C. 98 et seq.), required to meet the 
        defense, industrial, and essential civilian needs of the United 
        States.
            (2) National defense stockpile sales of tantalum.--Section 
        2533c(d)(1) of title 10, United States code, is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(E) tantalum.''.
            (3) Prohibition on sales of materials.--Section 2533c(a)(2) 
        of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
        ``covered'' before ``material''.

SEC. 808. PROHIBITION ON ACQUISITION OF TANTALUM FROM NON-ALLIED 
              FOREIGN NATIONS.

    Subsection (d)(1) of section 2533c of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(E) tantalum.''.

SEC. 809. APPLICATION OF MISCELLANEOUS TECHNOLOGY BASE POLICIES AND 
              PROGRAMS TO THE COLUMBIA-CLASS SUBMARINE PROGRAM.

    Notwithstanding subchapter V of chapter 148 of title 10, United 
States Code (except for sections 2534, 2533a, and 2533b of such title), 
for a period of one year beginning on the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the milestone decision authority (as defined in section 2366a of 
title 10, United States Code) for the Columbia-class submarine program 
shall ensure that such program maintains the schedule approved under 
the Milestone B approval (as defined in such section).

SEC. 810. APPLICATION OF LIMITATION ON PROCUREMENT OF GOODS OTHER THAN 
              UNITED STATES GOODS TO THE FFG-FRIGATE PROGRAM.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, amounts authorized to 
carry out the FFG-Frigate Program may be used to award a new contract 
that provides for the acquisition of the following components 
regardless of whether those components are manufactured in the United 
States:
            (1) Auxiliary equipment (including pumps) for shipboard 
        services.
            (2) Propulsion equipment (including engines, reduction 
        gears, and propellers).
            (3) Shipboard cranes.
            (4) Spreaders for shipboard cranes.

SEC. 811. CONSIDERATION OF PRICE IN PROCUREMENT OF THE FFG(X) FRIGATE.

    In evaluating proposals for a contract to procure a FFG(X) frigate, 
the Secretary of the Navy shall ensure price is a critical evaluation 
factor set forth in the request for proposal (solicitation number 
N0002419R2300) for the procurement of the frigate.

SEC. 812. REPEAL OF CONTINUATION OF DATA RIGHTS DURING CHALLENGES.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 866 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 
1901; 10 U.S.C. 2321) is repealed.
    (b) Restoration of Amended Provision.--Subsection (i) of section 
2321 of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(i) Rights and Liability Upon Final Disposition.--(1) If, upon 
final disposition, the contracting officer's challenge to the use or 
release restriction is sustained--
            ``(A) the restriction shall be cancelled; and
            ``(B) if the asserted restriction is found not to be 
        substantially justified, the contractor or subcontractor 
        asserting the restriction shall be liable to the United States 
        for payment of the cost to the United States of reviewing the 
        asserted restriction and the fees and other expenses (as 
        defined in section 2412(d)(2)(A) of title 28) incurred by the 
        United States in challenging the asserted restriction, unless 
        special circumstances would make such payment unjust.
    ``(2) If, upon final disposition, the contracting officer's 
challenge to the use or release restriction is not sustained--
            ``(A) the United States shall continue to be bound by the 
        restriction; and
            ``(B) the United States shall be liable for payment to the 
        party asserting the restriction for fees and other expenses (as 
        defined in section 2412(d)(2)(A) of title 28) incurred by the 
        party asserting the restriction in defending the asserted 
        restriction if the challenge by the United States is found not 
        to be made in good faith.''.

SEC. 813. REPEAL OF AUTHORITY TO WAIVE ACQUISITION LAWS TO ACQUIRE 
              VITAL NATIONAL SECURITY CAPABILITIES.

    Section 806 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is repealed.

SEC. 814. REPEAL OF TRANSFER OF FUNDS RELATED TO COST OVERRUNS AND COST 
              UNDERRUNS.

    (a) In General.--Section 828 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is 
repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 825 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 
1466) is amended--
            (1) by repealing subsection (b); and
            (2) by striking ``(a) In General.--''.

Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

SEC. 821. MODIFICATIONS TO THE MIDDLE TIER OF ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Access to Technical Data, Records, and Information.--Section 
804 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
(Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by adding at the 
end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Access to Technical Data, Records, and Information.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall develop a process to provide the Director of 
Operational Test and Evaluation, the Director of Cost Assessment and 
Program Evaluation, and the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering access to all technical data, records, and information 
necessary to evaluate the technological maturity, operational 
effectiveness, and operational suitability of products and technologies 
proposed to be acquired under the guidance required by subsection 
(a).''.
    (b) Dollar Threshold for Acquisition Programs.--Subsection (a) of 
such section is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Not later than'' and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), as so designated, by striking 
        ``acquisition programs that are intended to be completed in a 
        period of two to five years.'' and inserting the following: 
        ``acquisition programs--
                    ``(A) with an eventual total expenditure for 
                research, development, test, and evaluation or an 
                eventual total expenditure for procurement that is less 
                than those expenditures described in section 
                2430(a)(1)(B) of this title; and
                    ``(B) that are intended to be completed in a period 
                of two to five years.''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the 
        requirements of subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1), and may not 
        delegate the authority to make such a waiver.''.

SEC. 822. BRIEFING RELATING TO THE ``MIDDLE TIER'' OF ACQUISITION 
              PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than December 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
Defense shall provide a briefing to the congressional defense 
committees on lessons learned and best practices identified through the 
use of the ``middle tier'' of acquisition programs described under 
section 804 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note). The briefing shall be 
accompanied by a written analysis--
            (1) identifying which lessons learned can be applied to--
                    (A) ``middle tier'' acquisition programs; and
                    (B) any major defense acquisition program (as 
                defined under section 2430 of title 10, United States 
                Code);
            (2) describing the extent to which covered risk should be a 
        factor in determining which acquisition authority to use, 
        including--
                    (A) an acquisition pathway as described under 
                subsection (b) of section 804 of the National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-
                92; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note);
                    (B) the authority described under section 2371b of 
                title 10, United States Code;
                    (C) acquisition authority relating to urgent 
                operational needs;
                    (D) a traditional acquisition process; or
                    (E) any other acquisition authority, as determined 
                by the Secretary;
            (3) describing whether any requirements applicable to major 
        defense acquisition programs should be applicable to ``middle 
        tier'' acquisition programs under such section; and
            (4) recommending amendments or revisions (as applicable) to 
        law or regulation, and including available data to support such 
        recommendations.
    (b) Covered Risk Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
risk'' shall have the meaning given by the Secretary of Defense, and 
shall include a consideration of cost, schedule, performance, risk to 
operational success.

SEC. 823. RATES FOR PROGRESS PAYMENTS OR PERFORMANCE-BASED PAYMENTS.

    (a) Consistency in Establishment of Rates for Progress Payments or 
Performance-based Payments.--Section 2307(a) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) Except as provided in subsection (g), the Secretary 
        of Defense shall not establish a rate for progress payments or 
        a rate for performance-based payments that is lower than the 
        rate for progress payments or a rate for performance-based 
        payments, as applicable, established by another head of an 
        agency.''.
    (b) Payment Authority.--Section 2307(a)(1) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by 
striking ``The head of any agency may'' and inserting ``The head of an 
agency may--''.
    (c) Notice of Revision to Rates for Progress Payments or 
Performance-based Payments.--
            (1) To congress.--The Secretary of Defense may not issue 
        rules to revise the rate for progress payments or the rate for 
        performance-based payments unless the Secretary provides the 
        congressional defense committees with a notice of determination 
        of need for such revision. This notice shall include--
                    (A) a justification, including the data and 
                analysis supporting the justification, for the 
                revision; and
                    (B) an assessment of how the revision will create a 
                more effective acquisition process and benefit the 
                defense industrial base.
            (2) Publication.--The Secretary shall publish the notice 
        required by paragraph (1) in the Federal Register not later 
        than five business days after providing such notice to the 
        congressional defense committees.

SEC. 824. ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR NEGOTIATIONS FOR NONCOMMERCIAL 
              COMPUTER SOFTWARE.

    Section 2322a of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(c) Rights to Noncommercial Computer Software.--As part of any 
negotiation for the acquisition of noncommercial computer software, the 
Secretary of Defense may not require a contractor to sell or otherwise 
relinquish to the Federal Government any rights to noncommercial 
computer software developed exclusively at private expense, except for 
rights related to--
            ``(1) corrections or changes to such software or related 
        materials for such software furnished to the contractor by the 
        Department of Defense;
            ``(2) such software or related materials for such software 
        that is otherwise publicly available or that has been released 
        or disclosed by the contractor or subcontractor without 
        restrictions on further use, release, or disclosure, other than 
        a release or disclosure resulting from the sale, transfer, or 
        other assignment of interest in such software or related 
        materials to another party;
            ``(3) such software or related materials for such software 
        obtained with unlimited rights under another contract with the 
        Federal Government or as a result of such a negotiation; or
            ``(4) such software or related materials for such software 
        furnished to the Department of Defense under a contract or 
        subcontract that includes--
                    ``(A) restricted rights in such software, limited 
                rights in technical data, or government purpose rights, 
                where such restricted rights, limited rights, or 
                government purpose rights have expired; or
                    ``(B) government purpose rights, where the 
                contractor's exclusive right to use such software or 
                related materials for commercial purposes has expired.
    ``(d) Consideration of Specially Negotiated Licenses.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall, to the maximum extent practicable, 
negotiate and enter into a contract with a contractor for a specially 
negotiated license for noncommercial computer software or related 
materials for such software necessary to support the product support 
strategy of a major weapon system or subsystem of a major weapon 
system.''.

SEC. 825. RESPONSIBILITY FOR DATA ANALYSIS AND REQUIREMENTS VALIDATION 
              FOR SERVICES CONTRACTS.

    Section 2329 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``, acting through the 
        Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) and Director of Cost 
        Assessment and Program Evaluation,'' after ``Secretary of 
        Defense'';
            (2) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by inserting ``, acting through the Under Secretary of 
        Defense (Comptroller) and Director of Cost Assessment and 
        Program Evaluation,'' after ``Secretary of Defense''; and
            (3) in subsection (c)(2)(A), by inserting ``, acting 
        through the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) and 
        Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation,'' after 
        ``Secretary of Defense''.

SEC. 826. ANNUAL REPORTS ON AUTHORITY TO CARRY OUT CERTAIN PROTOTYPE 
              PROJECTS.

    (a) In General.--Section 2371b of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(i) Data Collection and Use.--(1) The service acquisition 
executive of each military department shall collect data on the use of 
the authority under this section by the applicable military department, 
and the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall 
collect data on all other use of such authority by the Department of 
Defense, including use by the Defense Agencies.
    ``(2) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment shall--
            ``(A) maintain a database of information collected under 
        this section, which shall be made accessible to any official 
        designated by the Secretary of Defense; and
            ``(B) analyze such information to update policy and 
        guidance related to the use of the authority under this 
        section.
    ``(j) Report.--(1) Not later than December 31, 2019, and each 
December 31 thereafter the Secretary of Defense shall annually submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report covering the preceding 
fiscal year on the use of the authority under this section. Each report 
shall summarize the data collected under subsection (i) on the nature 
and extent of each such use of the authority, including a description--
            ``(A) of the participants to an agreement entered into 
        pursuant to the authority of subsection (a) or a follow-on 
        contract or transaction entered into pursuant to the authority 
        of subsection (f);
            ``(B) of the quantity of prototype projects to be produced 
        pursuant to such an agreement, follow-on contract, or 
        transaction;
            ``(C) of the amount of payments made pursuant to each such 
        agreement, follow-on contract, or transaction;
            ``(D) of the purpose, description, and status of prototype 
        projects carried out pursuant to each such agreement, follow-on 
        contract, or transaction; and
            ``(E) including case examples, of the successes and 
        challenges with using the authority of subsection (a) or (f).
    ``(2) A report required under this subsection shall be submitted in 
unclassified form without any designation relating to dissemination 
control, but may contain a classified annex.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 873 of the John S. McCain 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 
115-232; 132 Stat. 1905; 10 U.S.C. 2371 note) is repealed.

SEC. 827. COMPETITION REQUIREMENTS FOR PURCHASES FROM FEDERAL PRISON 
              INDUSTRIES.

    (a) Competition Requirements for Purchases From Federal Prison 
Industries.--Subsections (a) and (b) of section 2410n of title 10, 
United States Code, are amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Market Research.--Before purchasing a product listed in the 
latest edition of the Federal Prison Industries catalog published under 
section 4124(d) of title 18, the Secretary of Defense shall conduct 
market research to determine whether such product--
            ``(1) is comparable to products available from the private 
        sector; and
            ``(2) best meets the needs of the Department of Defense in 
        terms of price, quality, and time of delivery.
    ``(b) Competition Requirement.--If the Secretary determines that a 
Federal Prison Industries product is not comparable to products 
available from the private sector and does not best meet the needs of 
the Department of Defense in terms of price, quality, or time of 
delivery, the Secretary shall use competitive procedures or make an 
individual purchase under a multiple award contract for the procurement 
of the product. In conducting such a competition or making such a 
purchase, the Secretary shall consider a timely offer from Federal 
Prison Industries.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 828. ENHANCED POST-AWARD DEBRIEFING RIGHTS.

    Section 818(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1463; 10 U.S.C. 2305 
note) is amended by striking ``$100,000,000'' each place it appears and 
inserting ``$50,000,000''.

SEC. 829. STANDARDIZING DATA COLLECTION AND REPORTING ON USE OF SOURCE 
              SELECTION PROCEDURES BY FEDERAL AGENCIES.

    (a) Repeal of Government Accountability Office Reporting 
Requirements on Use of Lowest Price Technically Acceptable Source 
Selection Criteria.--
            (1) Department of defense.--Section 813 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (10 U.S.C. 2305 
        note) is amended by striking subsection (d).
            (2) Other agencies.--Section 880 of the John S. McCain 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public 
        Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1910; 41 U.S.C. 3701 note) is amended by 
        striking subsection (d) and redesignating subsection (e) as 
        subsection (d).
    (b) Revision to the Federal Procurement Data System.--Not later 
than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator of General Services, in coordination with the 
Administrator for Federal Procurement Policy, shall direct appropriate 
revisions to the Federal procurement data system established pursuant 
to section 1122(a)(4) of title 41, United States Code (or any successor 
system), to facilitate the collection of complete, timely, and reliable 
data on the source selection processes used by Federal agencies for the 
contract actions being reported in the system. The Administrator of 
General Services shall ensure that data is collected--
            (1) at a minimum, on the usage of the lowest price 
        technically acceptable contracting methods and best value 
        contracting methods process; and
            (2) on all applicable contracting actions, including task 
        orders or delivery orders issued under indefinite delivery-
        indefinite quantity contracts.

SEC. 830. MODIFICATION OF JUSTIFICATION AND APPROVAL REQUIREMENT FOR 
              CERTAIN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTS.

    (a) Modification of Justification and Approval Requirement.--
Notwithstanding section 811 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2405)--
            (1) no justification and approval is required under such 
        section for a sole-source contract awarded by the Department of 
        Defense in a covered procurement for an amount not exceeding 
        $100,000,000; and
            (2) for purposes of subsections (a)(2) and (c)(3)(A) of 
        such section, the appropriate official designated to approve 
        the justification for a sole-source contract awarded by the 
        Department of Defense in a covered procurement exceeding 
        $100,000,000 is the official designated in section 
        2304(f)(1)(B)(ii) of title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Guidance.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue guidance to 
implement the authority under subsection (a).
    (c) Comptroller General Review.--
            (1) Data tracking and collection.--The Department of 
        Defense shall track the use of the authority provided pursuant 
        to subsection (a) and make the data available to the 
        Comptroller General for purposes of the report required under 
        paragraph (2).
            (2) Report.--Not later than February 1, 2022, the 
        Comptroller General of the United States shall submit a report 
        to the congressional defense committees on the use of the 
        authority provided pursuant to subsection (a) through the end 
        of fiscal year 2021.

        Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

SEC. 841. DEFENSE ACQUISITION WORKFORCE CERTIFICATION AND EDUCATION 
              REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Professional Certification Requirement.--
            (1) Professional certification required for all acquisition 
        workforce personnel.--Section 1701a of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as 
                subsections (d) and (e), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after subsection (b) the following 
                new subsection:
    ``(c) Professional Certification.--(1) In General.--The Secretary 
of Defense shall implement a certification program to provide for a 
professional certification requirement for all members of the 
acquisition workforce. Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
certification requirement for any career field of the acquisition 
workforce shall be based on nationally or internationally recognized 
standards developed by a third-party entity.
    ``(2) Requirements for Secretary.--If the Secretary determines 
that, for a particular acquisition workforce career field, the third-
party entity described in paragraph (1) does not meet the needs of the 
Department, the Secretary shall establish the professional 
certification requirement for that career field that conforms with 
nationally or internationally recognized standards. The Secretary shall 
determine the best approach to implement such requirement for that 
career field, including implementation through entities outside the 
Department of Defense and may be designed and implemented without 
regard to section 1746 of this title.''.
            (2) Certification renewal.--Paragraph (3) of section 
        1723(a) of such title is amended by striking the second 
        sentence.
            (3) Participation in professional associations.--Section 
        1701a(b) of such title is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (6), (7), (8), and 
                (9) as paragraphs (7), (8), (9), and (10), 
                respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following 
                new paragraph:
            ``(6) authorize a member of the acquisition workforce to 
        participate in professional associations, consistent with the 
        performance plan of such member, if such participation provides 
        the member with the opportunity to gain leadership and 
        management skills;''.
            (4) Effective date.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry 
        out the certification program required by subsection (c) of 
        section 1701a of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
        paragraph (1), not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act.
    (b) Elimination of Statutory Requirement for Completion of 24 
Semester Credit Hours.--
            (1) Qualification requirements for contracting officers.--
        Section 1724 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(3)--
                            (i) by striking ``(A)'' after ``(3)''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``, and (B)'' and all that 
                        follows through ``and management'';
                    (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``requirements'' 
                in the first sentences of paragraphs (1) and (2) and 
                inserting ``requirement'';
                    (C) in subsection (e)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1)--
                                    (I) by striking ``requirements in 
                                subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subsection 
                                (a)(3)'' and inserting ``requirement of 
                                subsection (a)(3)''; and
                                    (II) in subparagraph (C), by 
                                striking ``requirements'' and inserting 
                                ``requirement''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2)--
                                    (I) by striking ``shall have--'' 
                                and all that follows through ``been 
                                awarded'' and inserting ``shall have 
                                been awarded'';
                                    (II) by striking ``; or'' and 
                                inserting a period; and
                                    (III) by striking subparagraph (B); 
                                and
                    (D) in subsection (f), by striking ``, including--
                '' and all that follows and inserting a period.
            (2) Selection criteria and procedures.--Section 1732 of 
        such title is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (b)(1)--
                            (i) by striking ``Such requirements,'' and 
                        all the follows through ``the person--'' and 
                        inserting ``Such requirements shall include a 
                        requirement that the person--'';
                            (ii) by striking subparagraph (B); and
                            (iii) by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) 
                        as subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and 
                        conforming the margins accordingly;
                    (B) in subsection (c), by striking ``requirements 
                of subsections (b)(1)(A) and (b)(1)(B)'' in paragraphs 
                (1) and (2) and inserting ``requirement of subsection 
                (b)(1)''; and
                    (C) in subsection (d)--
                            (i) by striking ``(1) Except as provided in 
                        paragraph (2),''; and
                            (ii) by striking paragraph (2).
    (c) Defense Acquisition University Curriculum Development.--Section 
1746(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting ``, 
and with commercial providers of training,'' after ``military 
departments''.
    (d) Career Paths.--
            (1) Career path required for each acquisition workforce 
        career field.--Paragraph (4) of section 1701a(b) of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
            ``(4) develop and implement a career path, as described in 
        section 1722(a) of this title, for each career field designated 
        by the Secretary under section 1721(a) of this title as an 
        acquisition workforce career field;''.
            (2) Conforming amendments.--Section 1722(a) of such title 
        is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``appropriate career paths'' and 
                inserting ``an appropriate career path''; and
                    (B) by striking ``are identified'' and inserting 
                ``is identified for each acquisition workforce career 
                field''.
            (3) Deadline for implementation of career paths.--The 
        Secretary of Defense shall carry out the requirements of 
        paragraph (4) of section 1701a(b) of title 10, United States 
        Code (as amended by paragraph (1)), not later than the end of 
        the two-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of 
        this Act.
    (e) Career Fields.--
            (1) Designation of acquisition workforce career fields.--
        Section 1721(a) of such title is amended by adding at the end 
        the following new sentence: ``The Secretary shall also 
        designate in regulations those career fields in the Department 
        of Defense that are acquisition workforce career fields for 
        purposes of this chapter.''.
            (2) Clerical amendments.--(A) The heading of such section 
        is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1721. Designation of acquisition positions and acquisition 
              workforce career fields''.
                    (B) The item relating to such section in the table 
                of sections at the beginning of subchapter II of 
                chapter 87 of such title is amended to read as follows:

``1721. Designation of acquisition positions and acquisition workforce 
                            career fields.''.
            (3)(A) The heading of subchapter II of chapter 87 of such 
        title is amended to read as follows:

    ``subchapter ii--acquisition positions and acquisition workforce 
                            career fields''.

            (B) The item relating to such subchapter in the table of 
        subchapters at the beginning of such chapter is amended to read 
        as follows:

``II. Acquisition Positions And Acquisition Workforce Career    1721''.
                            Fields.
            (4) Deadline for designation of career fields.--The 
        Secretary of Defense shall carry out the requirements of second 
        sentence of section 1721(a) of title 10, United States Code (as 
        added by paragraph (1)), not later than the end of the six-
        month period beginning on the date of the enactment of this 
        Act.
    (f) Key Work Experiences.--
            (1) Development of key work experiences for each 
        acquisition workforce career field.--Section 1722b of such 
        title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(c) Key Work Experiences.--In carrying out subsection (b)(2), the 
Secretary shall ensure that key work experiences, in the form of 
multidiscipline training, are developed for each acquisition workforce 
career field.''.
            (2) Plan for implementation of key work experiences.--Not 
        later than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
        Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a plan identifying the specific actions the 
        Department of Defense has taken, and is planning to take, to 
        develop and establish key work experiences for each acquisition 
        workforce career field as required by subsection (c) of section 
        1722b of title 10, United States Code, as added by paragraph 
        (1). The plan shall include specification of the percentage of 
        the acquisition workforce, or funds available for 
        administration of the acquisition workforce on an annual basis, 
        that the Secretary will dedicate towards developing such key 
        work experiences.
    (g) Applicability of Career Path Requirements to All Members of 
Acquisition Workforce.--Section 1723(b) of such title is amended by 
striking ``the critical acquisition-related''.
    (h) Competency Development.--
            (1) In general.--(A) Subchapter V of chapter 87 of such 
        title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 1765. Competency development
    ``(a) In General.--For each acquisition workforce career field, the 
Secretary of Defense shall establish, for the civilian personnel in 
that career field, defined proficiency standards and technical and 
nontechnical competencies which shall be used in personnel 
qualification assessments.
    ``(b) Negotiations.--Any action taken by the Secretary under this 
section, or to implement this section, shall not be subject to the 
requirements of chapter 71 of title 5.''.
                    (B) The table of sections at the beginning of such 
                subchapter II is amended by adding at the end the 
                following new item:

``1765. Competency development.''.
            (2) Deadline for implementation.--The Secretary of Defense 
        shall carry out the requirements of section 1765 of title 10, 
        United States Code (as added by paragraph (1)), not later than 
        the end of the two-year period beginning on the date of the 
        enactment of this Act.
    (i) Termination of Defense Acquisition Corps.--
            (1) The Acquisition Corps for the Department of Defense 
        referred to in section 1731(a) of title 10, United States Code, 
        is terminated.
            (2) Section 1733 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (a); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection 
                (a).
            (3) Subsection (b) of section 1731 of such title is 
        transferred to the end of section 1733 of such title, as 
        amended by paragraph (2), and amended--
                    (A) by striking ``Acquisition Corps'' in the 
                heading and inserting ``the Acquisition Workforce''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking ``selected for the Acquisition 
                Corps'' and inserting ``in the acquisition workforce''.
            (4) Subsection (e) of section 1732 of such title is 
        transferred to the end of section 1733 of such title, as 
        amended by paragraphs (2) and (3), redesignated as subsection 
        (c), and amended--
                    (A) by striking ``in the Acquisition Corps'' in 
                paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting ``in critical 
                acquisition positions''; and
                    (B) by striking ``serving in the Corps'' in 
                paragraph (2) and inserting ``employment''.
            (5) Sections 1731 and 1732 of such title are repealed.
            (6)(A) Section 1733 of such title, as amended by paragraphs 
        (2), (3), and (4), is redesignated as section 1731.
            (B) The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter 
        III of chapter 87 of such title is amended by striking the 
        items relating to sections 1731, 1732, and 1733 and inserting 
        the following new item:

``1731. Critical acquisition positions.''.
            (7)(A) The heading of subchapter III of chapter 87 of such 
        title is amended to read as follows:

          ``subchapter iii--critical acquisition positions''.

            (B) The item relating to such subchapter in the table of 
        subchapters at the beginning of such chapter is amended to read 
        as follows:

``III. Critical Acquisition Positions.......................    1731''.
            (8) Section 1723(a)(2) of such title is amended by striking 
        ``section 1733 of this title'' and inserting ``section 1731 of 
        this title''.
            (9) Section 1725 of such title is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``Defense 
                Acquisition Corps'' and inserting ``acquisition 
                workforce''; and
                    (B) in subsection (d)(2), by striking ``of the 
                Defense Acquisition Corps'' and inserting ``in the 
                acquisition workforce serving in critical acquisition 
                positions''.
            (10) Section 1734 of such title is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``of the Acquisition Corps'' in 
                subsections (e)(1) and (h) and inserting ``of the 
                acquisition workforce''; and
                    (B) in subsection (g)--
                            (i) by striking ``of the Acquisition 
                        Corps'' in the first sentence and inserting 
                        ``of the acquisition workforce'';
                            (ii) by striking ``of the Corps'' and 
                        inserting ``of the acquisition workforce''; and
                            (iii) by striking ``of the Acquisition 
                        Corps'' in the second sentence and inserting 
                        ``of the acquisition workforce in critical 
                        acquisition positions''.
            (11) Section 1737 of such title is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``of the 
                Acquisition Corps'' and inserting ``of the acquisition 
                workforce''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``of the Corps'' 
                and inserting ``of the acquisition workforce''.
            (12) Section 1742(a)(1) of such title is amended by 
        striking ``the Acquisition Corps'' and inserting ``acquisition 
        positions in the Department of Defense''.
            (13) Section 2228(a)(4) of such title is amended by 
        striking ``under section 1733(b)(1)(C) of this title'' and 
        inserting ``under section 1731 of this title''.
            (14) Section 7016(b)(5)(B) of such title is amended by 
        striking ``under section 1733 of this title'' and inserting 
        ``under section 1731 of this title''.
            (15) Section 8016(b)(4)(B) of such title is amended by 
        striking ``under section 1733 of this title'' and inserting 
        ``under section 1731 of this title''.
            (16) Section 9016(b)(4)(B) of such title is amended by 
        striking ``under section 1733 of this title'' and inserting 
        ``under section 1731 of this title''.
            (17) Paragraph (1) of section 317 of title 37, United 
        States Code, is amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) is a member of the acquisition workforce selected to 
        serve in, or serving in, a critical acquisition position 
        designated under section 1731 of title 10.''.
    (j) Designation of Foreign Military Sales as Acquisition 
Position.--Section 1721(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(13) Foreign military sales.''.

SEC. 842. PUBLIC-PRIVATE EXCHANGE PROGRAM FOR THE ACQUISITION 
              WORKFORCE.

    (a) Public-private Exchange Program for the Acquisition 
Workforce.--
            (1) In general.--Subchapter IV of chapter 87 of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new section:
``Sec. 1749. Public-private exchange program for the acquisition 
              workforce
    ``(a) Assignment Authority.--(1) The Secretary may, by rule, 
establish a program to be known as the `Public-Private Exchange Program 
for the Acquisition Workforce' to temporarily assign a member of the 
acquisition workforce to a private-sector organization or an employee 
of a private-sector organization to the Department of Defense if--
            ``(A) pursuant to an agreement between the Secretary, the 
        private-sector organization, and the individual to be 
        temporarily assigned described in subsection (b); and
            ``(B) with the consent of the individual to be temporarily 
        assigned.
    ``(2) Members of the acquisition workforce are eligible for a 
temporary assignment under this section as follows:
            ``(A) Civilians in any of grades GS-12 through GS-15 under 
        the General Schedule or, for employees participating in the 
        demonstration project under section 1762 of this title, the 
        equivalent.
            ``(B) Members of the armed forces serving in any of pay 
        grades O-3 through O-6.
    ``(3) A private-sector organization shall not be considered to have 
a conflict of interest with the Department of Defense solely because of 
participation in the program established under this section.
    ``(b) Agreements.--(1) An agreement entered into under this section 
shall include the following:
            ``(A) The terms and conditions of a temporary assignment.
            ``(B) In the case of an agreement for the temporary 
        assignment of a member of the acquisition workforce, a 
        requirement that the member of the acquisition workforce, upon 
        completion of the temporary assignment, will--
                    ``(i) if a member of the armed forces, serve in the 
                armed forces for a period equal to twice the length of 
                the temporary assignment (in addition to any other 
                period of obligated service); or
                    ``(ii) if a civilian, serve in the Department of 
                Defense, or elsewhere in the civil service if approved 
                by the Secretary, for a period equal to twice the 
                length of the temporary assignment.
            ``(C) A provision that if the individual to be temporarily 
        assigned fails to carry out the agreement, such individual 
        shall be liable to the United States for payment of all 
        expenses of the assignment, unless that failure was for good 
        and sufficient reason, as determined by the Secretary of 
        Defense.
            ``(D) In the case of an agreement for the temporary 
        assignment of a member of the acquisition workforce, language 
        ensuring that such member of the acquisition workforce does not 
        improperly use pre-decisional or draft deliberative information 
        that such member may be privy to or aware of related to 
        Department programing, budgeting, resourcing, acquisition, or 
        procurement for the benefit or advantage of the private-sector 
        organization.
    ``(2) An amount for which an individual is liable under paragraph 
(1)(C) shall be treated as a debt due the United States.
    ``(3) The Secretary may waive, in whole or in part, collection of a 
debt described in paragraph (2) based on a determination that the 
collection would be against equity and good conscience and not in the 
best interests of the United States, after taking into account any 
indication of fraud, misrepresentation, fault, or lack of good faith on 
the part of the individual who is liable for the debt.
    ``(c) Termination.--An assignment under this section may, at any 
time and for any reason, be terminated by the Department of Defense or 
the private-sector organization concerned.
    ``(d) Duration.--(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), an 
assignment under this section shall be for a period of not more than 
two years, renewable up to a total of four years.
    ``(2) An assignment under this section may be for a period in 
excess of two years, but not more than four years, if the Secretary 
determines that such assignment is necessary to meet critical mission 
or program requirements.
    ``(3) A member of the acquisition workforce may not be assigned 
under this section for more than a total of four years inclusive of all 
such assignments.
    ``(e) Status of Individuals Assigned to Private-sector 
Organizations.--(1) A member of the acquisition workforce who is 
assigned to a private-sector organization under this section shall be 
considered, during the period of assignment, to be on detail to a 
regular duty or work assignment, as applicable, in the Department for 
all purposes.
    ``(2) In the case of a civilian member of the acquisition 
workforce, the written agreement established under subsection (b)(1)--
            ``(A) shall address the specific terms and conditions 
        related to the civilian member's continued status as a Federal 
        employee; and
            ``(B) in the case of an assignment of nine months or 
        longer, shall provide that, if the civilian member successfully 
        completes the assignment (as determined by the Secretary), the 
        civilian member shall be eligible for consideration for 
        placement in a new position under programs of the Department of 
        Defense providing priority placement to certain employees.
    ``(3) With respect to an assignment of a member of the acquisition 
workforce under this section, the Secretary--
            ``(A) may, in the case of a civilian member of the 
        acquisition workforce, provide for the performance, during the 
        member's absence, of the normal duties and functions of that 
        member by making a temporary or term appointment under general 
        civil service authorities for such appointments;
            ``(B) shall ensure that the normal duties and functions of 
        the civilian member of the acquisition workforce described in 
        subparagraph (A) can be reasonably performed by other personnel 
        of the Department of Defense without the permanent transfer or 
        permanent reassignment of other personnel of the Department of 
        Defense, including members of the armed forces;
            ``(C) shall ensure that the normal duties and functions of 
        the acquisition workforce member are not, as a result of and 
        during the course of such temporary assignment, performed or 
        augmented by contractor personnel in violation of the 
        provisions of section 2461 of this title; and
            ``(D) shall certify that the temporary assignment of the 
        acquisition workforce member will not have an adverse or 
        negative impact on mission attainment, warfighter support, or 
        organizational capabilities associated with the assignment.
    ``(f) Terms and Conditions for Private-sector Employees.--An 
employee of a private-sector organization who is assigned to a 
Department of Defense organization under this section--
            ``(1) shall continue to receive pay and benefits from the 
        private-sector organization from which such employee is 
        assigned and shall not receive pay or benefits from the 
        Department of Defense, except as provided in paragraph (2);
            ``(2) is deemed to be an employee of the Department of 
        Defense for the purposes of--
                    ``(A) chapters 73 and 81 of title 5;
                    ``(B) sections 201, 203, 205, 207, 208, 209, 603, 
                606, 607, 643, 654, 1905, and 1913 of title 18;
                    ``(C) sections 1343, 1344, and 1349(b) of title 31;
                    ``(D) the Federal Tort Claims Act and any other 
                Federal tort liability statute;
                    ``(E) the Ethics in Government Act of 1978; and
                    ``(F) chapter 21 of title 41;
            ``(3) shall not have access to any trade secrets or to any 
        other nonpublic information which is of commercial value to the 
        private-sector organization from which such employee is 
        assigned;
            ``(4) may perform work that is considered inherently 
        governmental in nature only when requested in writing by the 
        Secretary of Defense; and
            ``(5) may not be used to circumvent the provision of 
        section 2461 of this title nor to circumvent any limitation or 
        restriction on the size of the Department's workforce.
    ``(g) Prohibition Against Charging Certain Costs to the Federal 
Government.--A private-sector organization may not charge the 
Department or any other agency of the Federal Government, as direct or 
indirect costs under a Federal contract, the costs of pay or benefits 
paid by the organization to an employee assigned to a Department 
organization under this section for the period of the assignment.
    ``(h) Consideration of Training Needs for Members of the 
Acquisition Workforce.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary of 
Defense shall take into consideration how assignments under this 
section might best be used to help meet the needs of the Department of 
Defense with respect to the training of members of the acquisition 
workforce.
    ``(i) Funding; Use of Defense Acquisition Workforce Development 
Fund.--Funds for the expenses for the program established under this 
section shall be provided from amounts in the Department of Defense 
Acquisition Workforce Development Fund. Expenses for the program 
include--
            ``(1) notwithstanding section 1705(e)(5) of this title, the 
        base salary of a civilian member of the acquisition workforce 
        assigned to a private-sector organization under this section, 
        during the period of that assignment;
            ``(2) expenses relating to assignment under this section of 
        a member of the acquisition workforce away from the member's 
        regular duty station, including expenses for travel, per diem, 
        and lodging; and
            ``(3) expenses for the administration of the program.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such subchapter is amended by adding at the end 
        the following new item:

``1749. Public-private exchange program for the acquisition 
                            workforce.''.
    (b) Use of Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund.--Section 
1705(e)(1) of such title is amended by adding at the end the following 
new subparagraph:
                    ``(C) Amounts in the Fund shall be used to pay the 
                expenses of the Public-Private Exchange Program for the 
                Acquisition Workforce under section 1749 of this 
                title.''.
    (c) Acquisition Workforce Employees Excluded From Public-private 
Talent Exchange.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1599g of such title is amended by 
        adding at the end the following new subsection:
                            ``(i) Acquisition workforce employees.--An 
                        employee of the Department of Defense who is 
                        eligible for the Public-Private Exchange 
                        Program for the Acquisition Workforce under 
                        section 1749 of this title is not eligible for 
                        an assignment under this section.''.
            (2) Applicability.--Subsection (i) of section 1599g of 
        title 10, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), shall 
        not apply to an employee of the Department of Defense who 
        entered into an agreement under that section before the date of 
        the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 843. INCENTIVES AND CONSIDERATION FOR QUALIFIED TRAINING PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Chapter 141 of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
        by inserting after section 2409 the following new section:
``Sec. 2409a. Incentives and consideration for qualified training 
              programs
    ``(a) Incentives.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop workforce 
development investment incentives for a contractor that implements a 
qualified training program to develop the workforce of the contractor 
in a manner consistent with the needs of the Department of Defense.
    ``(b) Consideration of Qualified Training Programs.--The Secretary 
of Defense shall revise the Department of Defense Supplement to the 
Federal Acquisition Regulation to require that the system used by the 
Federal Government to monitor or record contractor past performance 
includes an analysis of the availability, quality, and effectiveness of 
a qualified training program of an offeror as part of the past 
performance rating of such offeror.
    ``(c) Qualified Training Program Defined.--The term `qualified 
training program' means any of the following:
            ``(1) A program eligible to receive funds under the 
        Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3101 et 
        seq.).
            ``(2) A program eligible to receive funds under the Carl D. 
        Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 
        2301 et seq.).
            ``(3) A program registered under the Act of August 16, 1937 
        (commonly known as the `National Apprenticeship Act'; Stat. 
        664, chapter 663; 29 U.S.C. 50 et seq.).
            ``(4) Any other program determined to be a qualified 
        training program for purposes of this section, and that meets 
        the workforce needs of the Department of Defense, as determined 
        by the Secretary of Defense.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 2409 the following new item:

``2409a. Incentives and consideration for qualified training 
                            programs.''.

SEC. 844. CERTIFICATION BY PROSPECTIVE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION 
              CONTRACTORS OF GOOD FAITH EFFORT TO UTILIZE QUALIFIED 
              APPRENTICES.

    (a) Requirements.--Subchapter III of chapter 169 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
section:
``Sec. 2870. Utilization of qualified apprentices by military 
              construction contractors
    ``(a) Certification Required.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
require each prospective contractor on a military construction project 
to certify to the Secretary that, if awarded a contract for the 
project, the prospective contractor will make a good faith effort to 
meet or exceed the apprenticeship employment goal on such project.
    ``(2) If a prospective contractor fails to certify as required by 
paragraph (1), the Secretary may not determine such prospective 
contractor to be a responsible contractor.
    ``(b) Apprenticeship Employment Goal.--
            ``(1) In general.--In this section, the term 
        `apprenticeship employment goal' means the utilization of 
        qualified apprentices as not less than 20 percent of the total 
        workforce employed in an apprenticeable occupation (as 
        determined by the Secretary of Labor).
            ``(2) Qualified apprentice.--In paragraph (1), the term 
        `qualified apprentice' means an employee participating in an 
        apprenticeship program that is registered with--
                    ``(A) the Office of Apprenticeship of the 
                Employment Training Administration of the Department of 
                Labor pursuant to the Act of August 16, 1937 (popularly 
                known as the `National Apprenticeship Act'; 29 U.S.C. 
                50 et seq.); or
                    ``(B) a State apprenticeship agency recognized by 
                such Office of Apprenticeship pursuant to such Act.
    ``(c) Consideration of Apprenticeship Employment Goal.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall revise the Defense Supplement to the Federal 
Acquisition Regulation to require that the system used by the Federal 
Government to monitor or record contractor past performance includes an 
analysis of whether the contractor has made a good faith effort to meet 
or exceed the apprenticeship employment goal, including consideration 
of actual utilization by the contractor of qualified apprentices, as 
part of the past performance rating of such contractor.
    ``(d) Incentives.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop 
incentives for prospective contractors on military construction 
projects to meet or exceed the apprenticeship employment goal.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
subchapter III of chapter 169 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``2870. Utilization of qualified apprentices by military construction 
                            contractors.''.
    (c) Applicability.--The amendments made by this section shall apply 
with respect to contracts awarded on or after the date that is 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Security

SEC. 851. SUPPLY CHAIN SECURITY OF CERTAIN TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND VIDEO 
              SURVEILLANCE SERVICES OR EQUIPMENT.

    (a) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
Federal Acquisition Security Council (established under section 1322 of 
title 41, United States Code) and the Director of the Office of 
Management and Budget, shall conduct a comprehensive assessment of--
            (1) Department of Defense policies relating to covered 
        equipment and services;
            (2) covered equipment and services acquired or to be 
        acquired for the Department; and
            (3) systems of covered contractors to ensure the security 
        of the supply chains of such covered contractor.
    (b) Purpose.--The assessment described in subsection (a) shall 
include--
            (1) an identification of instances in which the Federal 
        Acquisition Security Council has identified supply chain risks 
        (as defined in section 4713(k) of title 41, United States Code) 
        that are specific to the defense industrial base and other 
        threat assessments related to the procurement of covered 
        articles (as defined in such section);
            (2) an identification of and suggestions for guidance on 
        the process of debarment and suspension (including debarment 
        and suspension for nonprocurement programs and activities) of 
        covered contractors to address supply chain risks relating to 
        acquisitions for the Department of Defense, including 
        acquisitions involving other executive agencies; and
            (3) an identification of steps that could be taken to 
        address situations identified under paragraphs (1) and (2) 
        through the Interagency Suspension and Debarment Committee 
        established under Executive Order 12549 (51 Fed. Reg. 6370).
    (c) Actions Following Assessment.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall, based on 
the results of the assessment required by subsection (a)--
            (1) issue or revise guidance to ensure any entity within 
        the Department of Defense that procures covered equipment and 
        services implements a risk-based approach with respect to such 
        a procurement that addresses--
                    (A) requirements for training personnel;
                    (B) the process for making sourcing decisions;
                    (C) with respect to a procurement of 
                telecommunications equipment or video surveillance 
                equipment, assurances relating to the traceability of 
                parts of such equipment;
                    (D) the process for reporting suspect covered 
                equipment and services; and
                    (E) corrective actions for the acquisition of 
                suspect covered equipment and services (including 
                actions to recover costs as described in subsection 
                (d)(2));
            (2) issue or revise guidance to ensure that remedial 
        actions, including debarment or suspension, are taken with 
        respect to a covered contractor who has failed to detect and 
        avoid suspect covered equipment and services or otherwise 
        failed to exercise due diligence in the detection and avoidance 
        of such suspect covered equipment and services;
            (3) establish a process for ensuring that a Department of 
        Defense employee provide a written report to the appropriate 
        Government authorities and the Government-Industry Data 
        Exchange Program (or a similar program designated by the 
        Secretary) not later than 60 days after such an employee 
        becomes aware, or has reason to suspect that--
                    (A) any end item, component, part, or material 
                contained in supplies purchased by or for the 
                Department contains suspect covered equipment and 
                services; or
                    (B) a covered contractor has provided suspect 
                covered equipment and services; and
            (4) establish a process for analyzing, assessing, and 
        acting on reports of suspect covered equipment and services 
        that are submitted in accordance with paragraph (3).
    (d) Regulations.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall revise the 
        Department of Defense Supplement to the Federal Acquisition 
        Regulation to address the detection and avoidance of suspect 
        covered equipment and services.
            (2) Contractor responsibilities.--The revised regulations 
        issued pursuant to paragraph (1) shall provide that--
                    (A) covered contractors who supply covered 
                equipment or services are responsible for detecting and 
                avoiding the use or inclusion of suspect covered 
                equipment or services and for any contract modification 
                or corrective action that may be required to remedy the 
                use or inclusion of such suspect covered equipment or 
                services; and
                    (B) the cost of suspect covered equipment or 
                services and the cost of contract modification or 
                corrective action that may be required to remedy the 
                use or inclusion of such suspect covered equipment or 
                services are not allowable costs under defense 
                contracts, unless--
                            (i) the covered contractor has an 
                        operational system to detect and avoid suspect 
                        covered equipment or services that has been 
                        reviewed and approved by the Secretary pursuant 
                        to subsection (e)(2)(B);
                            (ii) suspect covered equipment or services 
                        were provided to the covered contractor as 
                        Government property in accordance with part 45 
                        of the Federal Acquisition Regulation or were 
                        obtained by the covered contractor in 
                        accordance with regulations described in 
                        paragraph (3); and
                            (iii) the covered contractor discovers the 
                        suspect covered equipment or services and 
                        provides timely notice to the Government 
                        pursuant to paragraph (4).
            (3) Requirements for suppliers.--The revised regulations 
        issued pursuant to paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) require that covered contractors obtain covered 
                equipment or services--
                            (i) from the original manufacturers of the 
                        equipment or their authorized dealers, or from 
                        suppliers that meet requirements of 
                        subparagraph (C) or (D) and, with respect to 
                        suppliers of telecommunications equipment or 
                        video surveillance equipment, that obtain such 
                        equipment exclusively from the original 
                        manufacturers of the parts of such equipment or 
                        their authorized dealers; and
                            (ii) that are not in production or 
                        currently available in stock from suppliers 
                        that meet requirements of subparagraph (C) or 
                        (D);
                    (B) establish requirements for notification of the 
                Department, and for inspection, testing, and 
                authentication of covered equipment and services that 
                covered contractor obtains from an alternate supplier;
                    (C) establish qualification requirements, 
                consistent with the requirements of section 2319 of 
                title 10, United States Code, pursuant to which the 
                Secretary may identify suppliers that have appropriate 
                policies and procedures in place to detect and avoid 
                suspect covered equipment and services; and
                    (D) authorize covered contractors to identify and 
                use suppliers that meet qualification requirements, 
                provided that--
                            (i) the standards and processes for 
                        identifying such suppliers comply with 
                        established industry standards; and
                            (ii) the selection of such suppliers is 
                        subject to review, audit, and approval by 
                        appropriate Department of Defense officials.
            (4) Reporting requirement.--The revised regulations issued 
        pursuant to paragraph (1) shall require that any covered 
        contractor provide a written report to the appropriate 
        Government authorities and the Government-Industry Data 
        Exchange Program (or a similar program designated by the 
        Secretary) not later than 60 days after such covered contractor 
        becomes aware, or has reason to suspect that--
                    (A) any end item, component, part, or material 
                contained in supplies purchased by or for the 
                Department contains suspect covered equipment and 
                services; or
                    (B) a supplier of a covered contractor has provided 
                suspect covered equipment and services.
    (e) Improvement of Contractor Systems for Detection and Avoidance 
of Suspect Covered Equipment and Services.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall implement a 
        program to enhance the detection and avoidance of the 
        acquisition of suspect covered equipment and services by 
        covered contractors.
            (2) Elements.--The program implemented pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) require covered contractors to establish 
                policies and procedures to eliminate suspect covered 
                equipment and services from the defense supply chain, 
                which policies and procedures shall address--
                            (i) the training of personnel; and
                            (ii) with respect to a procurement of 
                        telecommunications equipment or video 
                        surveillance equipment, the inspection and 
                        testing of related materials and mechanisms to 
                        enable traceability of parts of such equipment; 
                        and
                    (B) establish processes for the review and approval 
                of contractor systems for the detection and avoidance 
                of the acquisition of suspect covered equipment and 
                services by covered contractors, which processes shall 
                be comparable to the processes established for 
                contractor business systems under section 893 of the 
                Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for 
                Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 124 Stat. 4311; 
                10 U.S.C. 2302 note).
    (f) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to prohibit the Secretary from entering into a contract with 
a covered contractor to provide a service that connects to the 
facilities of a third party, such as backhaul, roaming, or 
interconnection arrangements.
    (g) Report to Congress.--Not later than 180 days after completing 
the assessment required under subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the results 
of the assessment and the actions taken following the assessment 
pursuant to subsection (c).
    (h) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Covered equipment and services.--The term ``covered 
        equipment and services'' means telecommunications equipment, 
        telecommunications services, video surveillance equipment, and 
        video surveillance services manufactured or controlled by an 
        entity for which the principal place of business of such entity 
        is located in foreign country that is an adversary of the 
        United States, but does not include telecommunications 
        equipment or video surveillance equipment (other than optical 
        transmission components) that cannot route or redirect user 
        data traffic or permit visibility into any user data or packets 
        that such equipment transmits or otherwise handles.
            (2) Covered contractor.--The term ``covered contractor'' 
        means a contractor or subcontractor (at any tier) that supplies 
        covered equipment and services to the Department of Defense.
            (3) Executive agency.--The term ``executive agency'' has 
        the meaning given in section 133 of title 41, United States 
        Code.
            (4) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Defense.
            (5) Suspect covered equipment and services.--The term 
        ``suspect covered equipment and services'' means covered 
        equipment and services that is from any source, or that is a 
        covered article, subject to an exclusion order or removal order 
        under section 1323(c) of title 41, United States Code.

SEC. 852. ASSURED SECURITY AGAINST INTRUSION ON UNITED STATES MILITARY 
              NETWORKS.

    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided in subsections (b) and (c), 
the Secretary of Defense shall only award contracts for the procurement 
of telecommunications services or the installation of 
telecommunications infrastructure on national security installations on 
territories of the United States located in the Pacific Ocean to 
allowed contractors.
    (b) Exception.--Subsection (a) shall not apply to contracts the 
procurement of telecommunications services or the installation of 
telecommunications infrastructure if such telecommunications services 
or telecommunications infrastructure does not process or carry any 
information about the operations of the Armed Forces of the United 
States or otherwise concern the national security of the United States.
    (c) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the restriction of 
subsection (a) upon a written determination that such a waiver is in 
the national security interests of the United States and either--
            (1) a contractor that is not an allowed contractor would 
        not have the ability to track, record, listen, or otherwise 
        access data or voice communications of the Department of 
        Defense through the provision of the telecommunications 
        service; or
            (2) a qualified allowed contractor is not available to 
        perform the contract at a fair and reasonable price.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Allowed contractor.--The term ``allowed contractor'' 
        means--
                    (A) an entity that is 100 percent owned by persons 
                located in the United States that has submitted an 
                offer for a contract let by the Department of Defense; 
                or
                    (B) an entity that--
                            (i) is 100 percent owned by persons located 
                        in the United States or in a covered foreign 
                        country that has submitted an offer for a 
                        contract let by the Department of Defense; and
                            (ii) does not have significant connections, 
                        including major equipment purchases, ownership 
                        interests, or joint ventures, with any entity 
                        identified in subsection (f)(3) of section 889 
                        of the John S. McCain National Defense 
                        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Pub. L. 
                        115-232; 132 Stat. 1918; 41 U.S.C. 3901 note)
            (2) Covered foreign country.--The term ``covered foreign 
        country'' means a foreign country the government of which 
        permits allowed contractors to compete on a fair basis for 
        contracts for the procurement of telecommunications services or 
        the installation of telecommunications infrastructure let by 
        the government of such foreign country.
            (3) National security installation.--The term ``national 
        security installation'' means any facility operated by the 
        Department of Defense.
            (4) Telecommunications service.--The term 
        ``telecommunications service'' has the meaning given in section 
        3 of the Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 153).
            (5) Telecommunications infrastructure.--The term 
        ``telecommunications infrastructure'' means any wire or 
        switching facilities used to provide telecommunications 
        services.

SEC. 853. REVISED AUTHORITIES TO DEFEAT ADVERSARY EFFORTS TO COMPROMISE 
              UNITED STATES DEFENSE CAPABILITIES.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--Congress finds that to comprehensively 
address the supply chain vulnerabilities of the Department of Defense, 
defense contractors must be incentivized to prioritize security in a 
manner which exceeds basic compliance with mitigation practices 
relating to cybersecurity risk and supply chain security standards. 
Defense contractors can no longer pass unknown risks on to the 
Department of Defense but should be provided with the tools to meet the 
needs of the Department with respect to cybersecurity risk and supply 
chain security. Incentives for defense contractors will help stimulate 
efforts within the defense industrial base to minimize vulnerabilities 
in hardware, software, and supply chain services. The Department of 
Defense must develop policies and regulations that move security from a 
cost that defense contractors seek to minimize to a key consideration 
in the award of contracts, equal in importance to cost, schedule, and 
performance.
    (b) Inclusion of Security as Primary Purpose for the Department of 
Defense Acquisition.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall the 
        revise the statement of purpose in the Defense Federal 
        Acquisition Regulation Supplement added by section 801(3) of 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 
        (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1449; U.S.C. 2302 note) to 
        include the security of goods acquired by the Department of 
        Defense as one of the primary objectives of Department of 
        Defense acquisition. The Secretary shall revise applicable 
        Department of Defense Instructions, regulations, and directives 
        to implement the inclusion of security as a primary purpose of 
        Department of Defense acquisition.
            (2) Congressional notification.--The Secretary shall submit 
        to the congressional defense committees--
                    (A) not later than 60 days before issuing the 
                revisions described in paragraph (1), the proposed 
                revisions; and
                    (B) not later than 180 days after the date of the 
                enactment of this Act, recommendations for legislative 
                action to implement the revisions described in this 
                subsection.
    (c) Certification of Risk.--
            (1) In general.--Before making a milestone decision with 
        respect to a major defense acquisition program (as defined 
        under section 2430 of title 10, United States Code), a major 
        automated information system, or major system (as defined under 
        section 2302d of title 10, United States Code), the vice chief 
        of the Armed Force concerned shall issue a written assessment 
        to the Vice Chief of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the head of 
        the Defense Acquisition Board stating the determination made by 
        the vice chief of the armed force concerned of the risk to the 
        supply chain associated with the procurement. Such assessment 
        shall include--
                    (A) a description of actions taken to mitigate 
                potential vulnerabilities associated with the 
                procurement; and
                    (B) a certification from the Secretary of the 
                military department concerned or the Vice Chief of the 
                Joint Chief of Staff (as appropriate) that the 
                procurement will not interfere with the operations of 
                the military department conducting the procurement.
            (2) Availability to the congressional defense committees.--
        Upon request, the vice chief of the Armed Force concerned shall 
        make available to the congressional defense committees a 
        certification required under paragraph (1), along with the data 
        on which such certification is based, not later than 15 days 
        after the submission of a request.
    (d) Disputes Relating to Acquisitions Decisions.--The Under 
Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, the Vice Chairman of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff, the Vice Chief of Staff of the Army, the Vice Chief of 
Naval Operations, the Vice Chief of Staff of the Air Force, and the 
Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps shall each have the authority 
to submit to the Secretary of Defense a written statement of dispute 
relating to a decision made by the Defense Acquisition Board with 
respect to an acquisition. A dispute submitted under this subsection 
shall include any reason why the decision fails to effectively address 
concerns regarding the item to be acquired.

SEC. 854. PROHIBITION ON OPERATION OR PROCUREMENT OF FOREIGN-MADE 
              UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS.

    (a) Prohibition on Agency Operation or Procurement.--The Secretary 
of Defense may not operate or enter into or renew a contract for the 
procurement of--
            (1) a covered unmanned aircraft system that--
                    (A) is manufactured in a covered foreign country or 
                by an entity domiciled in a covered foreign country;
                    (B) uses flight controllers, radios, data 
                transmission devices, cameras, or gimbals manufactured 
                in a covered foreign country or by an entity domiciled 
                in a covered foreign country;
                    (C) uses a ground control system or operating 
                software developed in a covered foreign country or by 
                an entity domiciled in a covered foreign country; or
                    (D) uses network connectivity or data storage 
                located in or administered by an entity domiciled in a 
                covered foreign country; or
            (2) a system manufactured in a covered foreign country or 
        by an entity domiciled in a covered foreign country for the 
        detection or identification of covered unmanned aircraft 
        systems.
    (b) Exemption.--The Secretary of Defense is exempt from the 
restriction under subsection (a) if the operation or procurement is for 
the purposes of--
            (1) Counter-UAS surrogate testing and training; or
            (2) intelligence, electronic warfare, and information 
        warfare operations, testing, analysis, and training.
    (c) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the restriction 
under subsection (a) on a case by case basis by certifying in writing 
to the congressional defense committees that the operation or 
procurement is required in the national interest of the United States.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Covered foreign country.--The term ``covered foreign 
        country'' means a country labeled as a strategic competitor in 
        the ``Summary of the 2018 National Defense Strategy of the 
        United States of America: Sharpening the American Military's 
        Competitive Edge'' issued by the Department of Defense pursuant 
        to section 113 of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) Covered unmanned aircraft system.--The term ``covered 
        unmanned aircraft system'' means an unmanned aircraft system 
        and any related services and equipment.

SEC. 855. SUPPLY CHAIN RISK MITIGATION POLICIES TO BE IMPLEMENTED 
              THROUGH REQUIREMENTS GENERATION PROCESS.

    (a) Process for Enhanced Supply Chain Scrutiny.--Section 807(b) of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 
115-91; 131 Stat. 1456; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (5) through (9) as 
        paragraphs (6) through (10), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(5) Development of tools for implementing supply chain 
        risk management policies during the generation of requirements 
        for a contract.''.
    (b) Technical Amendment.--Subsection (a) of such section is amended 
by striking ``Not later than'' and all that follows through ``the 
Secretary'' and inserting ``The Secretary''.
    (c) Effective Date.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall revise the 
process established under section 807 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 
2302 note) to carry out the requirements of this section.

       Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to the Acquisition System

SEC. 861. MODIFICATIONS TO THE DEFENSE ACQUISITION SYSTEM.

    (a) Guidance, Reports, and Limitation on the Availability of Funds 
Relating to Covered Defense Business Systems.--
            (1) Amendments to guidance for covered defense business 
        systems.--Section 2222(d) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``subsection (c)(1)'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (c)''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:
            ``(7) Policy to ensure a covered defense business system is 
        in compliance with the Department's auditability requirements.
            ``(8) Policy to ensure approvals required for the 
        development of a covered defense business system.''.
            (2) Reports.--
                    (A) Guidance.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
                submit to the congressional defense committees (as 
                defined in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, United 
                States Code) a report--
                            (i) not later than December 31, 2019, that 
                        includes the guidance required under paragraph 
                        (1) of section 2222(c) of title 10, United 
                        States Code; and
                            (ii) not later than March 31, 2020, that 
                        includes the guidance required under paragraph 
                        (2) of such section.
                    (B) Information technology enterprise 
                architecture.--Not later than December 31, 2019, the 
                Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense 
                shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
                the information technology enterprise architecture 
                developed under section 2222(e)(4)(B) of title 10, 
                United States Code, which shall include the plan for 
                improving the information technology and computing 
                infrastructure described in such section and a schedule 
                for implementing the plan.
                    (C) Defense business enterprise architecture.--Not 
                later than March 31, 2020, the Chief Management Officer 
                of the Department of Defense and the Chief Information 
                Officer of the Department of Defense shall jointly 
                submit to the congressional defense committees a plan 
                and schedule for integrating the defense business 
                enterprise architecture developed under subsection (e) 
                of section 2222 of title 10, United States Code, into 
                the information technology enterprise architecture, as 
                required under paragraph (4)(A) of such subsection.
            (3) Limitation.--
                    (A) Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
                this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
                2020 for the Department of Defense, not more than 75 
                percent may be obligated or expended for the Office of 
                the Secretary of Defense after December 31, 2019, until 
                the date on which the Secretary of Defense submits the 
                report required under subsection (b)(1)(A).
                    (B) Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
                this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
                2020 for the Department of Defense, not more than 75 
                percent may be obligated or expended for the Office of 
                the Deputy Chief Management Officer, the Office of the 
                Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
                Sustainment, the Office of the Chief Information 
                Officer, and the Office of the Chief Management Officer 
                after March 31, 2020, until the date on which the 
                Secretary of Defense submits the report required under 
                subsection (b)(1)(B).
                    (C) Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
                this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
                2020 for the Department of Defense, not more than 75 
                percent may be obligated or expended for the Office of 
                the Chief Information Officer after December 31, 2019, 
                until the date on which the Secretary of Defense 
                submits the report required under subsection (b)(2).
                    (D) Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
                this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
                2020 for the Department of Defense, not more than 75 
                percent may be obligated or expended for the Office of 
                the Chief Management Officer and the Office of the 
                Chief Information Officer after March 31, 2020, until 
                the date on which the Secretary of Defense submits the 
                report required under subsection (b)(3).
    (b) Pilot Program on Data Rights as an Evaluation Factor.--
            (1) Pilot program.--Not later than February 1, 2020, the 
        Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries of the military 
        departments shall jointly carry out a pilot program to assess 
        mechanisms to evaluate intellectual property to include 
        technical data deliverables, associated license rights, and 
        commercially available intellectual property valuation analysis 
        and techniques in major defense acquisition programs (as 
        defined in section 2430 of title 10, United States Code) 
        selected pursuant to subsection (b) to ensure--
                    (A) the development of cost-effective intellectual 
                property strategies; and
                    (B) assessment and management of the value and 
                costs of intellectual property during acquisition and 
                sustainment activities throughout the life cycle of a 
                weapon system for each selected major defense 
                acquisition program.
            (2) Selection of major defense acquisition programs.--Each 
        Secretary of a military department shall select one major 
        defense acquisition program for which such Secretary has 
        responsibility to include in the pilot program established 
        under subsection (a).
            (3) Cadre of intellectual property experts.--At Milestone A 
        and Milestone B for each major defense acquisition program 
        selected pursuant to subsection (b), the cadre of intellectual 
        property experts established under section 2322(b) of title 10, 
        United States Code, shall identify, to the maximum extent 
        practicable, intellectual property evaluation techniques to 
        obtain quantitative and qualitative analysis related to the 
        value of intellectual property rights during the procurement, 
        production, deployment, operations, and support phases of the 
        acquisition of each such major defense acquisition program.
            (4) Activities.--The pilot program established under this 
        section shall include the following:
                    (A) Assessment of commercial valuation techniques 
                for intellectual property rights for use by the 
                Department of Defense.
                    (B) Assessment of feasibility of oversight by the 
                Secretary of Defense to standardize practices and 
                procedures.
                    (C) Assessment of contracting mechanisms to 
                increase the speed of delivery of intellectual property 
                to the Armed Forces or to reduce sustainment costs.
                    (D) Assessment of acquisition planning necessary to 
                ensure procurement of intellectual property 
                deliverables and intellectual property rights necessary 
                for Government-planned sustainment activities.
                    (E) Engagement with private-sector entities to--
                            (i) support the development of strategies 
                        and program requirements to aid in acquisition 
                        and transition planning for intellectual 
                        property;
                            (ii) support the development and 
                        improvement of intellectual property strategies 
                        as part of life-cycle sustainment plans and 
                        valuation techniques for the costs of 
                        intellectual property rights as part of life-
                        cycle costs; and
                            (iii) propose and implement alternative and 
                        innovative methods of intellectual property 
                        valuation, prioritization, and evaluation 
                        techniques for intellectual property.
                    (F) Recommendations to the program manager for a 
                major defense acquisition program selected pursuant to 
                subsection (b) such evaluation techniques and 
                contracting mechanisms for implementation into the 
                acquisition and sustainment activities of that major 
                defense acquisition program.
            (5) Assessment.--Not later than February 1, 2021, and 
        annually thereafter until the termination date of the pilot 
        program, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the pilot program 
        established under subsection (a). The report shall include--
                    (A) a description of the major defense acquisition 
                programs selected pursuant to subsection (b);
                    (B) a description of the specific activities in 
                subsection (d) that were performed with respect to each 
                major defense acquisition program selected pursuant to 
                subsection (b);
                    (C) an assessment of the effectiveness of such 
                activities;
                    (D) an assessment of improvements to acquisition or 
                sustainment activities related to the pilot program; 
                and
                    (E) an assessment of cost savings from the 
                activities related to the pilot program, including any 
                improvement to mission success during the operations 
                and support phase of a major defense acquisition 
                program selected pursuant to subsection (b).
            (6) Termination.--The authority to carry out the pilot 
        program under this section shall expire on September 30, 2026.
    (c) Report and Limitation on Availability of Funds Relating to 
Modular Open System Approach for Major Defense Acquisition Programs.--
            (1) Study guidance for analyses of alternatives for major 
        defense acquisition programs.--
                    (A) Report.--Not later than December 31, 2019, the 
                Secretary of Defense, acting through the Director of 
                Cost Assessment and Performance Evaluation, shall 
                submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
                that includes the study guidance required under section 
                2446b(b) of title 10, United States Code.
                    (B) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be 
                appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available 
                for fiscal year 2020 for the Department of Defense, not 
                more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended for 
                the Office of the Director of Cost Assessment and 
                Performance Evaluation after December 31, 2019, until 
                the date on which the Secretary of Defense submits the 
                report required under paragraph (1).
            (2) Policy relating to availability of major system 
        interfaces and support for modular open system approach.--
                    (A) In general.--Section 2446c of title 10, United 
                States Code, is amended--
                            (i) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                        by striking ``shall--'' and inserting ``develop 
                        policy on the support for the acquisition for 
                        modular open system approaches. This policy 
                        shall--''; and
                            (ii) in subsection (a)(1), as so 
                        designated, by striking ``coordinate'' and 
                        inserting ``ensure coordination''.
                    (B) Report.--Not later than December 31, 2019, the 
                Secretary of each military department shall submit to 
                the congressional defense committees a report that 
                includes the policy required under section 2446c of 
                title 10, United States Code, as amended by paragraph 
                (1).
                    (C) Limitation.--Beginning on January 1, 2020, if 
                any report required under paragraph (2) has not been 
                submitted to the congressional defense committees, not 
                more than 75 percent of the funds specified in 
                paragraph (4) may be obligated or expended until the 
                date on which all of the reports required under 
                paragraph (2) have been submitted.
                    (D) Funds specified.--The funds specified in this 
                paragraph are funds made available for fiscal year 2020 
                for the Department of Defense for any of the Offices of 
                the Secretaries of the military departments that remain 
                unobligated as of January 1, 2020.
    (d) Report on Intellectual Property Policy and the Cadre of 
Intellectual Property Experts.--
            (1) In general.--Section 802 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 
        Stat. 1450) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(c) Report.--Not later than October 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
and Sustainment, shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report that includes--
            ``(1) the policy required in subsection (a) of section 2322 
        of title 10, United States Code;
            ``(2) an identification of each member of the cadre of 
        intellectual property experts required in subsection (b) of 
        such section and the office to which such member; and
            ``(3) a description of the leadership structure and the 
        office that will manage the cadre of intellectual property 
        experts.''.
            (2) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
        by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 
        for the Department of Defense, not more than 75 percent may be 
        obligated or expended for the Defense Acquisition Workforce 
        Development Fund until the date on which the Secretary of 
        Defense submits the report required under subsection (c) of 
        section 802 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1450), as added 
        by this section.
    (e) Limitation on Availability of Funds for the Office of the Chief 
Management Officer of the Department of Defense.--Of the funds 
authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available for fiscal 
year 2020 for the Department of Defense, not more than 75 percent may 
be obligated or expended for the Office of the Chief Management Officer 
until the date on which the Chief Management Officer submits to the 
congressional defense committees--
            (1) the certification of cost savings described in 
        subparagraph (A) of section 921(b)(5) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 
        U.S.C. 2222 note); or
            (2) the notice and justification described in subparagraph 
        (B) of such section.
    (f) Report and Limitation on the Availability of Funds Relating to 
the ``Middle Tier'' of Acquisition Programs.--
            (1) Report.--Not later than December 15, 2019, the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
        includes the guidance required under section 804(a) of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public 
        Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note). The Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment will ensure such 
        guidance includes the business case elements required by an 
        acquisition program established pursuant to such guidance and 
        the metrics required to assess the performance of such a 
        program.
            (2) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
        by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 
        for the Department of Defense, not more than 75 percent may be 
        obligated or expended for an acquisition program established 
        pursuant to the guidance required under section 804(a) of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public 
        Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) after December 15, 2019, and 
        no such acquisition program may be conducted under the 
        authority provided by such section after December 15, 2019, 
        until the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment submits the report required under subsection (a).
    (g) Defense Acquisition Workforce Certification and Education 
Requirements.--
            (1) Professional certification requirement.--
                    (A) Professional certification required for all 
                acquisition workforce personnel.--Section 1701a of 
                title 10, United States Code, is amended--
                            (i) by redesignating subsections (c) and 
                        (d) as subsections (d) and (e), respectively; 
                        and
                            (ii) by inserting after subsection (b) the 
                        following new subsection (c):
    ``(c) Professional Certification.--
            ``(1) The Secretary of Defense shall implement a 
        certification program to provide for a professional 
        certification requirement for all members of the acquisition 
        workforce. Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        certification requirement for any acquisition workforce career 
        field shall be based on standards under a third-party 
        accredited program based on nationally or internationally 
        recognized standards.
            ``(2) If the Secretary determines that, for a particular 
        acquisition workforce career field, a third-party accredited 
        program based on nationally or internationally recognized 
        standards does not exist, the Secretary shall establish the 
        certification requirement for that career field that conforms 
        with the practices of national or international accrediting 
        bodies. The certification requirement for any such career field 
        shall be implemented using the best approach determined by the 
        Secretary for meeting the certification requirement for that 
        career field, including implementation through entities outside 
        the Department of Defense and may be designed and implemented 
        without regard to section 1746 of this title.''.
                    (B) Performance management.--Subsection (b) of such 
                section is amended--
                            (i) in paragraph (5), by striking 
                        ``encourage'' and inserting ``direct''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (6), by inserting ``and 
                        consequences'' after ``warnings''.
                    (C) Participation in professional associations.--
                Subsection (b) of such section is further amended--
                            (i) by redesignating paragraphs (6), (7), 
                        (8), and (9) as paragraphs (7), (8), (9), and 
                        (10), respectively; and
                            (ii) by inserting after paragraph (5) the 
                        following new paragraph (6):
            ``(6) authorize members of the acquisition workforce to 
        participate in professional associations, consistent with their 
        individual performance plans, linked to both professional 
        development and opportunities to gain leadership and management 
        skills;''.
                    (D) General education, training, and experience 
                requirements.--Section 1723 of such title is amended--
                            (i) in subsection (a)(3), by striking the 
                        second sentence; and
                            (ii) in subsection (b)(1), by striking 
                        ``encourage'' and inserting ``require''.
                    (E) Effective date.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
                implement procedures to institute the program required 
                by subsection (c) of section 1701a of title 10, United 
                States Code, as added by paragraph (1), not later than 
                180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Elimination of statutory requirement for completion of 
        24 semester credit hours.--
                    (A) Qualification requirements for contracting 
                positions.--Section 1724 of title 10, United States 
                Code, is amended--
                            (i) in subsection (a)(3)--
                                    (I) by striking ``(A)'' after 
                                ``(3)''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``, and (B)'' and 
                                all that follows through ``and 
                                management''; and
                            (ii) in subsection (b), by striking 
                        ``requirements'' in the first sentences of 
                        paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting 
                        ``requirement'';
                            (iii) in subsection (e)(2)--
                                    (I) by striking ``shall have--'' 
                                and all that follows through ``been 
                                awarded'' and inserting ``shall have 
                                been awarded'';
                                    (II) by striking ``; or'' and 
                                inserting a period; and
                                    (III) by striking subparagraph (B); 
                                and
                            (iv) in subsection (f), by striking ``, 
                        including--'' and all that follows and 
                        inserting a period.
                    (B) Selection criteria and procedures.--Section 
                1732 of such title is amended--
                            (i) in subsection (b)(1)--
                                    (I) by striking ``Such 
                                requirements,'' and all the follows 
                                through ``the person--'' and inserting 
                                ``Such requirements shall include a 
                                requirement that the person--'';
                                    (II) by striking subparagraph (B); 
                                and
                                    (III) by redesignating clauses (i) 
                                and (ii) as subparagraphs (A) and (B), 
                                respectively, and realigning those 
                                subparagraphs so as to be 4 ems from 
                                the margin; and
                            (ii) in subsection (c), by striking 
                        ``requirements of subsections (b)(1)(A) and 
                        (b)(1)(B)'' in paragraphs (1) and (2) and 
                        inserting ``requirement of subsection (b)(1)''.
            (3) Defense acquisition university.--Section 1746 of title 
        10, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (b)(1), by adding at the end the 
                following new sentence: ``At least 25 percent of such 
                civilian instructors shall be visiting professors from 
                civilian colleges or universities.''; and
                    (B) in subsection (c), by inserting ``, and with 
                commercial training providers,'' after ``military 
                departments''.
    (h) Enhancing Defense Acquisition Workforce Career Fields.--
            (1) Career paths.--
                    (A) Career path required for each acquisition 
                workforce career field.--Paragraph (4) of section 
                1701a(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended to 
                read as follows:
            ``(4) develop and implement a career path, as described in 
        section 1722(a) of this title, for each career field designated 
        by the Secretary under section 1721(a) of this title as an 
        acquisition workforce career field;''.
                    (B) Conforming amendments.--Section 1722(a) of such 
                title is amended--
                            (i) by striking ``appropriate career 
                        paths'' and inserting ``an appropriate career 
                        path''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``are identified'' and 
                        inserting ``is identified for each acquisition 
                        workforce career field''.
                    (C) Deadline for implementation of career paths.--
                The implementation of a career path for each 
                acquisition workforce career field required by 
                paragraph (4) of section 1701a(b) of title 10, United 
                States Code (as amended by paragraph (1)), shall be 
                completed by the Secretary of Defense not later than 
                the end of the two-year period beginning on the date of 
                the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Career fields.--
                    (A) Designation of acquisition workforce career 
                fields.--Section 1721(a) of such title is amended by 
                adding at the end the following new sentence: ``The 
                Secretary shall also designate in regulations those 
                career fields in the Department of Defense that are 
                acquisition workforce career fields for purposes of 
                this chapter.''.
                    (B) Clerical amendments.--(i) The heading of such 
                section is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1721. Designation of acquisition positions and acquisition 
              workforce career fields''.
                            (ii) The item relating to such section in 
                        the table of sections at the beginning of 
                        subchapter II of chapter 87 of such title is 
                        amended to read as follows:

``1721. Designation of acquisition positions and acquisition workforce 
                            career fields.''.
                    (C)(i) The heading of subchapter II of chapter 87 
                of such title is amended to read as follows:

    ``subchapter ii--acquisition positions and acquisition workforce 
                            career fields''.

                    (ii) The item relating to such subchapter in the 
                table of subchapters at the beginning of such chapter 
                is amended to read as follows:

``II. Acquisition Positions And Acquisition Workforce Career    1721''.
                            Fields.
                    (D) Deadline for designation of career fields.--The 
                designation of acquisition workforce career fields 
                required by the second sentence of section 1721(a) of 
                title 10, United States Code (as added by paragraph 
                (1)), shall be made by the Secretary of Defense not 
                later than the end of the six-month period beginning on 
                the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (3) Key work experiences.--
                    (A) Development of key work experiences for each 
                acquisition workforce career field.--Section 1722b of 
                such title is amended by adding at the end the 
                following new subsection:
    ``(c) Key Work Experiences.--In carrying out subsection (b)(2), the 
Secretary shall ensure that key work experiences, in the form of 
multidiscipline training, are developed for each acquisition workforce 
career field.''.
                    (B) Plan for implementation of key work 
                experiences.--Not later than one year after the date of 
                the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
                shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
                plan identifying the specific actions the Department of 
                Defense has taken, and is planning to take, to develop 
                and establish key work experiences for each acquisition 
                workforce career field as required by subsection (c) of 
                section 1722b of title 10, United States Code, as added 
                by paragraph (1). The plan shall include specification 
                of the percentage of the acquisition workforce, or 
                funds available for administration of the acquisition 
                workforce on an annual basis, that the Secretary will 
                dedicate towards developing such key work experiences.
            (4) Applicability of career path requirements to all 
        members of acquisition workforce.--Section 1723(b) of such 
        title is amended by striking ``the critical acquisition-
        related''.
            (5) Competency development.--
                    (A) In general.--(i) Subchapter V of chapter 87 of 
                such title is amended by adding at the end the 
                following new section:
``Sec. 1765. Competency development
    ``(a) In General.--For each acquisition workforce career field, the 
Secretary of Defense shall establish, for the civilian personnel in 
that career field, defined proficiency standards and technical and 
nontechnical competencies which shall be used in personnel 
qualification assessments.
    ``(b) Negotiations.--Any action taken by the Secretary under this 
section, or to implement this section, shall not be subject to the 
requirements of chapter 71 of title 5.''.
                            (ii) The table of sections at the beginning 
                        of such subchapter II is amended by adding at 
                        the end the following new item:

``1765. Competency development.''.
                    (B) Deadline for implementation.--The establishment 
                of defined proficiency standards and technical and 
                nontechnical competencies required by section 1765 of 
                title 10, United States Code (as added by paragraph 
                (1)), shall be made by the Secretary of Defense not 
                later than the end of the two-year period beginning on 
                the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (6) Termination of defense acquisition corps.--
                    (A) The Acquisition Corps for the Department of 
                Defense referred to in section 1731(a) of title 10, 
                United States Code, is terminated.
                    (B) Section 1733 of title 10, United States Code, 
                is amended--
                            (i) by striking subsection (a); and
                            (ii) by redesignating subsection (b) as 
                        subsection (a).
                    (C) Subsection (b) of section 1731 of such title is 
                transferred to the end of section 1733 of such title, 
                as amended by paragraph (2), and amended--
                            (i) by striking ``Acquisition Corps'' in 
                        the heading and inserting ``the Acquisition 
                        Workforce''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``selected for the 
                        Acquisition Corps'' and inserting ``in the 
                        acquisition workforce''.
                    (D) Subsection (e) of section 1732 of such title is 
                transferred to the end of section 1733 of such title, 
                as amended by paragraphs (2) and (3), redesignated as 
                subsection (c), and amended--
                            (i) by striking ``in the Acquisition 
                        Corps'' in paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting 
                        ``in critical acquisition positions''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``serving in the Corps'' 
                        in paragraph (2) and inserting ``employment''.
                    (E) Sections 1731 and 1732 of such title are 
                repealed.
                    (F)(i) Section 1733 of such title, as amended by 
                paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), is redesignated as 
                section 1731.
                    (ii) The table of sections at the beginning of 
                subchapter III of chapter 87 of such title is amended 
                by striking the items relating to sections 1731, 1732, 
                and 1733 and inserting the following new item:

``1731. Critical acquisition positions.''.
                    (G)(i) The heading of subchapter III of chapter 87 
                of such title is amended to read as follows:

           ``subchapter iii--critical acquisition positions''.

                    (ii) The item relating to such subchapter in the 
                table of subchapters at the beginning of such chapter 
                is amended to read as follows:

``III. Critical Acquisition Positions.......................    1731''.
                    (H) Section 1723(a)(2) of such title is amended by 
                striking ``section 1733 of this title'' and inserting 
                ``section 1731 of this title''.
                    (I) Section 1725 of such title is amended--
                            (i) in subsection (a)(1), by striking 
                        ``Defense Acquisition Corps'' and inserting 
                        ``acquisition workforce''; and
                            (ii) in subsection (d)(2), by striking ``of 
                        the Defense Acquisition Corps'' and inserting 
                        ``in the acquisition workforce serving in 
                        critical acquisition positions''.
                    (J) Section 1734 of such title is amended--
                            (i) by striking ``of the Acquisition 
                        Corps'' in subsections (e)(1) and (h) and 
                        inserting ``of the acquisition workforce''; and
                            (ii) in subsection (g)--
                                    (I) by striking ``of the 
                                Acquisition Corps'' in the first 
                                sentence and inserting ``of the 
                                acquisition workforce'';
                                    (II) by striking ``of the Corps'' 
                                and inserting ``of the acquisition 
                                workforce''; and
                                    (III) by striking ``of the 
                                Acquisition Corps'' in the second 
                                sentence and inserting ``of the 
                                acquisition workforce in critical 
                                acquisition positions''.
                    (K) Section 1737 of such title is amended--
                            (i) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``of 
                        the Acquisition Corps'' and inserting ``of the 
                        acquisition workforce''; and
                            (ii) in subsection (b), by striking ``of 
                        the Corps'' and inserting ``of the acquisition 
                        workforce''.
                    (L) Section 1742(a)(1) of such title is amended by 
                striking ``the Acquisition Corps'' and inserting 
                ``acquisition positions in the Department of Defense''.
                    (M) Section 2228(a)(4) of such title is amended by 
                striking ``under section 1733(b)(1)(C) of this title'' 
                and inserting ``under section 1731 of this title''.
                    (N) Section 7016(b)(5)(B) of such title is amended 
                by striking ``under section 1733 of this title'' and 
                inserting ``under section 1731 of this title''.
                    (O) Section 8016(b)(4)(B) of such title is amended 
                by striking ``under section 1733 of this title'' and 
                inserting ``under section 1731 of this title''.
                    (P) Section 9016(b)(4)(B) of such title is amended 
                by striking ``under section 1733 of this title'' and 
                inserting ``under section 1731 of this title''.
                    (Q) Paragraph (1) of section 317 of title 37, 
                United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) is a member of the acquisition workforce selected to 
        serve in, or serving in, a critical acquisition position 
        designated under section 1731 of title 10.''.
    (i) Establishment of Defense Civilian Acquisition Training Corps.--
            (1) In general.--Part III of subtitle A of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by inserting after chapter 112 the 
        following new chapter:

       ``CHAPTER 113--DEFENSE CIVILIAN ACQUISITION TRAINING CORPS

``2200n. Establishment.
``2200o. Program elements.
``2200p. Model authorities.
``2200q. Definitions.
``Sec. 2200n. Establishment
    ``For the purposes of preparing selected students for public 
service in Department of Defense occupations relating to acquisition, 
science, and engineering, the Secretary of Defense shall establish and 
maintain a Defense Civilian Acquisition Training Corps program, 
organized into one or more units, at civilian institutions of higher 
education offering a program leading to a baccalaureate degree.
``Sec. 2200o. Program elements
    ``In establishing the program, the Secretary of Defense shall 
determine the following:
            ``(1) Criteria for an institution of higher education to 
        participate in the program.
            ``(2) The eligibility of a student to join the program.
            ``(3) Criteria required for a member of the program to 
        receive financial assistance.
            ``(4) The term of service required for a member of the 
        program to receive financial assistance.
            ``(5) Criteria required for a member of the program to be 
        released from a term of service.
            ``(6) The method by which a successful graduate of the 
        program may gain immediate employment in the Department of 
        Defense.
            ``(7) Resources required for implementation of the program.
            ``(8) A methodology to identify and target critical skills 
        gaps in Department of Defense occupations relating to 
        acquisition, science, and engineering.
            ``(9) A mechanism to track the success of the program in 
        eliminating the identified critical skills gap.
``Sec. 2200p. Model authorities
    ``In making determinations under section 2200o of this title, the 
Secretary of Defense shall use the authorities under chapters 103 and 
111 of this title as guides.
``Sec. 2200q. Definitions
    ``In this chapter:
            ``(1) The term `program' means the Defense Civilian 
        Acquisition Training Corps of the Department of Defense.
            ``(2) The term `member of the program' means a student at 
        an institution of higher learning who is enrolled in the 
        program.
            ``(3) The term `institution of higher education' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 101 of the Higher Education 
        Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).''.
            (2) Implementation timeline.--
                    (A) Initial implementation.--Not later than 
                December 31, 2019, the Secretary of Defense shall 
                submit to the congressional defense committees a plan 
                and schedule that implements the program at one 
                institution of higher learning not later than August 1, 
                2020. The plan shall include recommendations regarding 
                any legislative changes required for effective 
                implementation of the program.
                    (B) Expansion.--Not later than December 31, 2020, 
                the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
                congressional defense committees an expansion plan and 
                schedule to expand the program to five locations not 
                later than by August 1, 2021.
                    (C) Full implementation.--Not later than December 
                31, 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
                congressional defense committees a full implementation 
                plan and schedule to expand the program to at least 20 
                locations with not fewer than 400 members in the 
                program not later than August 1, 2022.
    (j) Clarifying the Roles and Responsibilities of the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.--The laws of the 
United States are amended as follows:
            (1) Section 129a(c)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (2) Section 133a(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``, including the allocation of resources 
        for defense research and engineering,''.
            (3) Section 134(c) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics,'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering,''.
            (4) Section 139(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by striking ``and 
        the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
        Logistics'' and inserting ``, the Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Acquisition and Sustainment, and the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Research and Engineering''.
            (5) Section 139(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``and the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``, the 
        Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, and 
        the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering,''.
            (6) Section 139 of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
        in subsections (c) through (h) by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' each place 
        it appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (7) Section 139a(d)(6) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering,''.
            (8) Section 171(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``Under Secretary 
                of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' 
                and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Acquisition and Sustainment'';
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following 
                new paragraph:
            ``(4) the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering;''; and
                    (C) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (13) as 
                paragraphs (5) through (14), respectively.
            (9) Section 171a of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment'';
                    (B) by inserting after subsection (b)(2) the 
                following new paragraph:
            ``(3) the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering;'';
                    (C) in subsection (b), by redesignating paragraphs 
                (3) through (7) as paragraphs (4) through (8), 
                respectively; and
                    (D) in subsection (c), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (10) Subsection (d)(1) of section 181 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment'';
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                following new subparagraph:
            ``(D) the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering.''; and
                    (C) by redesignating paragraphs (D) through (G) as 
                paragraphs (E) through (H), respectively.
            (11) Subsection (b)(2) of section 393 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment'';
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the 
                following new subparagraph:
                    ``(C) the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
                and Engineering.''; and
                    (C) by redesignating subparagraphs (C) through (E) 
                as subparagraphs (D) through (F).
            (12) Section 1111 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1032; 10 
        U.S.C. 1701 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' each place 
        such term appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (13) Section 231(a) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public law 110-181; 122 Stat. 45; 10 
        U.S.C. 1701 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
        inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment''.
            (14) Section 1702 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``Under Secretary 
                of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' 
                and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Acquisition and Sustainment'';
                    (B) in the section text, by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (15) Section 807(a) of the Bob Stump National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 116 
        Stat. 2608; 10 U.S.C. 1702 note) is amended by striking ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
        Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (16) Section 1705 of title 10, United Stats Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (c), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment'';
                    (B) in subsection (e)(3), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment''; and
                    (C) in subsection (g)(2)(B), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (17) Section 803(c) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1825; 
        10 U.S.C. 1705 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary 
        of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
        inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment''.
            (18) Section 1722 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)(2)(B), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (19) Section 1722a of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment''; and
                    (B) in subsection (e), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (20) Section 1722b(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (21) Section 1723 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(3), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (22) Section 1725(e)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (23) Section 1735(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (24) Section 1737(c) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (25) Section 1741(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (26) Section 1746(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (27) Section 1748 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (28) Section 2222 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (c)(2), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment''; and
                    (B) in subsection (f)(2)(B)(i), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (29) Section 217(a) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 770; 10 
        U.S.C. 2222 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
        inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment''.
            (30) Section 882(b) of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 128 
        Stat. 4308; 10 U.S.C. 2222 note) is amended by striking ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
        Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (31) Section 2272 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Research and Engineering''.
            (32) Section 2275(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering''.
            (33) Section 2279(d) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (34) Section 2279b of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Under 
                        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
                        Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
                        ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
                        and Sustainment'';
                            (ii) by redesignating paragraphs (3) 
                        through (10) as paragraphs (4) through (11), 
                        respectively; and
                            (iii) by inserting after paragraph (2) the 
                        following new paragraph:
            ``(3) the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering.''; and
                    (B) in subsection (c), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (35) Section 898(a)(2) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
        Stat. 2000; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by striking ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
        Logistics'' each place such term appears and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (36) Section 804 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 726; 10 
        U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' each place 
        such term appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (37) Section 852 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
        McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
        (Public Law 113-291; 130 Stat. 3458; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (38) Section 806 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1487; 10 
        U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' each place 
        such term appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (39) Section 843 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1487; 10 
        U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
        inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment''.
            (40) Section 254(b) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 
        Stat. 4402; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by striking ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
        Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (41) Section 802(d) of the Ronald W. Reagan National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-
        375; 118 Stat. 2004; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by 
        striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
        Technology, and Logistics'' each place such term appears and 
        inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment''.
            (42) Section 244 of the Bob Stump National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 116 
        Stat. 2498; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by striking ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
        Logistics'' each place such term appears and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (43) Section 804(c) of the Bob Stump National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 116 
        Stat. 2605; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by striking ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
        Logistics'' each place such term appears and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (44) Section 2304 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' each place such term 
        appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (45) Section 895 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 954; 10 
        U.S.C. 2304 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' each place 
        such term appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (46) Section 806(b) of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 124 
        Stat. 4260; 10 U.S.C. 2304 note) is amended by striking ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
        Logistics'' each place such term appears and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (47) Section 821(a) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 226; 10 
        U.S.C. 2304 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
        inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment''.
            (48) Section 801(b)(2)(B) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 
        Stat. 204; 10 U.S.C. 2304 note) is amended by striking ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
        Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (49) Section 817(e) of the John Warner National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 
        Stat. 2326; 10 U.S.C. 2304 note) is amended by striking ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
        Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (50) Section 811(e)(1) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 120 
        Stat. 2326; 10 U.S.C. 2304 note) is amended by striking ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
        Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (51) Section 875 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2310; 10 
        U.S.C. 2305 note) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment'';
                    (B) in subsection (c), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment'';
                    (C) in subsection (d), by striking ``The Under 
                Secretary for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' 
                and inserting ``The Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Research and Engineering''; and
                    (D) in subsection (e) through (f), by striking 
                ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
                Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (52) Section 888(b)(1) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
        Stat. 2322; 10 U.S.C. 2305 note) is amended by striking ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
        Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (53) Section 829(b)(1) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
        Stat. 2281; 10 U.S.C. 2306 note) is amended by striking ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
        Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (54) Section 2306b(i)(7) of title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (55) Section 2311(c) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Under Secretary 
                of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' 
                and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Acquisition and Sustainment''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (56) Section 824(a) of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 124 
        Stat. 4269; 10 U.S.C. 2320 note) is amended by striking ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
        Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (57) Section 2326(g) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (58) Section 2330 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment'';
                    (B) in subsection (a)(3), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment'';
                    (C) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment''; and
                    (D) in subsection (b)(3)(A), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (59) Section 882 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 942; 10 
        U.S.C. 2330 note) is amended in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1) by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
        Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (60) Section 801(b)(2)(B) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002 (Public Law 107-107; 115 
        Stat. 1176; 10 U.S.C. 2330 note) is amended by striking ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
        Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (61) Section 2334 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' each place such term 
        appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (62) Section 2350a(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, and the Assistant 
        Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering'' and 
        inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment, and the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
        and Engineering''.
            (63) Section 2359(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering''.
            (64) Section 2359b of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Research and Engineering''; and
                    (B) in subsection (l)(1), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Research and Engineering''.
            (65) Section 2365 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) by striking ``Assistant Secretary'' each place 
                it appears and inserting ``Under Secretary''; and
                    (B) in subsection (d), by striking paragraph (3).
            (66) Section 2375 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' each place such term 
        appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (67) Section 874(b)(1) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
        Stat. 2310; 10 U.S.C. 2375 note) is amended by striking ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
        Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (68) Section 876 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2311; 10 
        U.S.C. 2377 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
        inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment''.
            (69) Section 855 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 919; 10 
        U.S.C. 2377 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' each place 
        such term appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (70) Section 856(a)(2)(B) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 
        Stat. 920; 10 U.S.C. 2377 note) is amended by striking ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
        Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (71) Section 2399(b)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics,'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering,''.
            (72) Section 2419(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (73) Section 825(c)(2) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 
        Stat. 908; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended by striking ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
        Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (74) Section 826(e) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 908; 10 
        U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
        inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment''.
            (75) Section 827(e) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 909; 10 
        U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
        inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment''.
            (76) Section 811(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1828; 
        10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``if the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``if the service acquisition 
                executive, in the case of a major defense acquisition 
                program of the military department, or the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, 
                in the case of a Defense-wide or Defense Agency major 
                defense acquisition program,''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``the service 
                acquisition executive or'' before ``the Under 
                Secretary'' each place such term appears.
            (77) Section 812(a) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1829; 
        10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary 
        of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
        inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment''.
            (78) Section 814 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 115-91; 131 
        Stat. 1467; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (b), by striking paragraph (2) 
                and inserting the following new paragraphs:
            ``(2) Required members.--Each Configuration Steering Board 
        under this section shall include a representative of the 
        following:
                    ``(A) The Chief of Staff of the Armed Force 
                concerned.
                    ``(B) The Comptroller of the military department 
                concerned.
                    ``(C) The military deputy to the service 
                acquisition executive concerned.
                    ``(D) The program executive officer for the major 
                defense acquisition program concerned.
            ``(3) Additional members.--In addition to the members 
        required in paragraph (2), when the milestone decision 
        authority for a major defense acquisition program is the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, each 
        Configuration Steering Board under this section shall also 
        include a representative of the following:
                    ``(A) The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment.
                    ``(B) Other armed forces, as appropriate.
                    ``(C) The Joint Staff.
                    ``(D) Other senior representatives of the Office of 
                the Secretary of Defense and the military department 
                concerned, as appropriate.''; and
                    (B) in subsection (c)(5)(B), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``service acquisition 
                executive''.
            (79) Section 801(a)(1) of the John Warner National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 
        Stat. 2312; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended by striking ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
        Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (80) Section 924 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 117 Stat. 1576; 10 
        U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' each place 
        it appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (81) Section 1675(a) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 192 Stat. 1131; 10 
        U.S.C. 2431 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
        inserting ``the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering''.
            (82) Section 2431a(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (83) Section 2435 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking--
                    (A) in subsection (b), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``service acquisition 
                executive, in the case of a major defense acquisition 
                program of a military department, or the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, 
                in the case of a Defense-wide or Defense Agency major 
                defense acquisition program''; and
                    (B) in subsection (e)(2), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (84) Section 2438(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Under Secretary 
                of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics'' 
                and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Acquisition and Sustainment''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Under Secretary 
                of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics'' 
                and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (85) Section 2448b(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by inserting ``by 
        an independent organization selected by the service acquisition 
        executive'' after ``conducted''.
            (86) Section 2503(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (87) Section 2508(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (88) Section 2521 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``The Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``The Under Secretary of 
                Defense for Research and Engineering'';
                    (B) in subsection (e)(4)(D), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Research and Engineering''; and
                    (C) in subsection (e)(5), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Research and Engineering''.
            (89) Section 2533b(k)(2)(A) of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (90) Section 2546 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in the heading of subsection (a), by striking 
                ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
                Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment'';
                    (B) in subsection (a), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment''; and
                    (C) in subsection (b), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (91) Section 2548 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment''; and
                    (B) in subsection (c)(8), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (92) Section 2902(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Office of the 
                Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and 
                Engineering'' and inserting ``Office of the Secretary 
                of Defense for Research and Engineering''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``Office of the 
                Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, 
                and Logistics'' and inserting ``Office of the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (93) Section 2824(d) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public law 112-239; 126 Stat. 2154; 
        10 U.S.C. 2911 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary 
        of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics and the 
        Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy, Installations, and 
        Environment'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (94) Section 315(d) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1357; 10 
        U.S.C. 2911 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
        inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment''.
            (95) Section 2926(e)(5)(D) of title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary for Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (96) Section 836(a)(2) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 
        Stat. 1508; 22 U.S.C. 2767 note) is amended by striking ``the 
        Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
        Logistics, the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research,'' 
        and inserting ``the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
        and Sustainment, the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
        and Engineering,''.
            (97) Section 7103(d)(7)(M)(v) of title 22, United States 
        Code, is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (98) Section 1126(a)(3) of title 31, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (99) Section 11319(d)(4) of title 40, United States Code, 
        is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (100) Section 1302(b)(2)(A)(i) of title 41, United States 
        Code, is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (101) Section 809 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-190; 105 Stat. 
        1423; 41 U.S.C. 1302 note) is amended by striking ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
        Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (102) Section 1311(b)(3) of title 41, United States Code, 
        is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (103) Section 98f(a)(3) of title 50, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
            (104) Section 1521 of title 50, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment''; and
                    (B) in subsection (g)(2), by striking ``Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment.''.
    (k) Requirements for the National Security Strategy for National 
Technology and Industrial Base.--
            (1) National security strategy for national technology and 
        industrial base.--Section 2501(a) of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after the first sentence the 
        following new sentence: ``The Secretary shall submit such 
        strategy to Congress not later than 180 days after the date of 
        submission of the national security strategy report required 
        under section 108 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 
        U.S.C. 3043).''.
            (2) Annual report to congress.--Section 2504(3) of title 
        10, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                inserting ``executive order or'' after ``pursuant to'';
                    (B) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as 
                follows:
                    ``(A) prioritized list of gaps or vulnerabilities 
                in the national technology and industrial base, 
                including--
                            ``(i) a description of mitigation 
                        strategies necessary to address such gaps or 
                        vulnerabilities;
                            ``(ii) the identification of the individual 
                        responsible for addressing such gaps or 
                        vulnerabilities; and
                            ``(iii) a proposed timeline for action to 
                        address gaps or vulnerabilities.''.
    (l) Establishment of Center for Acquisition Innovation.--
            (1) Establishment of center for acquisition innovation.--
                    (A) In general.--Chapter 97 of title 10, United 
                States Code, is amended by inserting after section 1746 
                the following new section:
``Sec. 1746a. Center for Acquisition Innovation
    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall 
establish and maintain a Center for Acquisition Innovation (hereinafter 
referred to as the `Center') at the Naval Postgraduate School. The 
Center shall operate as an academic entity specializing in innovation 
relating to the defense acquisition system.
    ``(b) Mission.--(1) The mission of the Center is to provide to 
policymakers in the Department of Defense, Congress, and throughout the 
Government, academic analyses and policy alternatives for innovation in 
the defense acquisition system. The Center shall accomplish that 
mission by a variety of means intended to widely disseminate the 
research findings of the Center.
    ``(2) In carrying out the mission under paragraph (1), the Center 
shall, on an ongoing basis, review the statutes and regulations 
applicable to the defense acquisition system. The objective of such 
review is to provide policy alternatives for streamlining and improving 
the efficiency and effectiveness of the defense acquisition process in 
order to ensure a defense technology advantage for the United States 
over potential adversaries.
    ``(c) Implementation Review of Section 809 Panel Recommendations 
and Center Policy Alternatives.--(1) The Center shall, on an ongoing 
basis, review implementation of the recommendations of the Section 809 
Panel and policy alternatives provided by the Center. As part of such 
review, the Center shall--
            ``(A) for recommendations or policy alternatives for the 
        enactment of legislation, identify whether (or to what extent) 
        the recommendations or policy alternatives have been adopted by 
        being enacted into law by Congress;
            ``(B) for recommendations or policy alternatives for the 
        issuance of regulations, identify whether (or to what extent) 
        the recommendations or policy alternatives have been adopted 
        through issuance of new agency or Government-wide regulations; 
        and
            ``(C) for recommendations or policy alternatives for 
        revisions to policies and procedures in the executive branch, 
        identify whether (or to what extent) the recommendations or 
        policy alternatives have been adopted through issuance of an 
        appropriate implementing directive or other form of guidance.
    ``(2) In this subsection, the term `Section 809 Panel' means the 
panel established by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to section 809 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public 
Law 114-92), as amended by section 863(d) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) and 
sections 803(c) and 883 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91).
    ``(d) Funding.--There shall be available for the Center for any 
fiscal year from the Defense Acquisition Workforce and Development Fund 
not less than the amount of $3,000,000 (in fiscal year 2019 constant 
dollars), in addition to any other amount available for that fiscal 
year for the Naval Postgraduate School.
    ``(e) Annual Report.--(1) Not later than September 30 each year, 
the Center shall submit to the Secretary of Defense, who shall forward 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives, a report describing the activities of the Center 
during the previous year and providing the findings, analysis, and 
policy alternatives of the Center relating to the defense acquisition 
system.
    ``(2) Each such report shall be submitted in accordance with 
paragraph (1) without further review within the executive branch.
    ``(3) Each report under paragraph (1) shall include the following:
            ``(A) Results of academic research and analysis.
            ``(B) Results of the implementation reviews conducted 
        pursuant to subsection (d).
            ``(C) Policy alternatives for such legislative and 
        executive branch action as the Center considers warranted.
            ``(D) Specific implementation language for any statutory 
        changes recommended.
    ``(f) Definition.--In this section, the term `defense acquisition 
system' has the meaning given that term in section 2545(2) of this 
title.''.
                    (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
                the beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting 
                after the item relating to section 2165 the following 
                new item:

``1746a. Center for Acquisition Innovation.''.
            (2) Deadline for implementation.--The Secretary of Defense 
        shall establish the Center for Acquisition Innovation under 
        section 1746a of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
        subsection (a), not later than March 1, 2020. The first 
        Director of the Center shall be appointed not later than June 
        1, 2020, and the Center should be fully operational not later 
        than June 1, 2021.
            (3) Implementation report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than January 1, 2021, 
                the head of the Center of Acquisition Innovation shall 
                submit to the Secretary of Defense a report setting 
                forth the organizational plan for the Center for 
                Acquisition Innovation, the proposed budget for the 
                Center, and the timetable for initial and full 
                operations of the Center.
                    (B) Transmittal.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
                transmit the report under paragraph (1), together with 
                whatever comments the Secretary considers appropriate, 
                to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and 
                the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
                Representatives not later than February 1, 2021.
            (4) Records of the section 809 panel.--
                    (A) Transfer and maintenance of records.--Following 
                termination of the Section 809 Panel, the records of 
                the panel shall be transferred to, and shall be 
                maintained by, the Defense Technical Information 
                Center. Such transfer shall be accomplished not later 
                than August 1, 2019.
                    (B) Status of records.--Working papers, records of 
                interview, and any other draft work products generated 
                for any purpose by the Section 809 Panel during its 
                research are covered by the deliberative process 
                privilege exemption under paragraph (5) of section 
                552(b) of title 5, United States Code.
                    (C) Definition.--In this section, the term 
                ``Section 809 Panel'' means the panel established by 
                the Secretary of Defense pursuant to section 809 of the 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
                (Public Law 114-92), as amended by section 863(d) of 
                the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
                2017 (Public Law 114-328) and sections 803(c) and 883 
                of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
                Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91).

                  Subtitle F--Industrial Base Matters

SEC. 871. CONSIDERATION OF SUBCONTRACTING TO MINORITY INSTITUTIONS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 141 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2410t. Consideration of subcontracting to minority institutions
    ``(a) Consideration of Subcontracting to Minority Institutions.--
The Secretary of Defense shall revise the Department of Defense 
Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation to require that the 
system used by the Federal Government to monitor or record contractor 
past performance for a grant or contract awarded to an institution of 
higher education includes incentives for the award of a sub-grant or 
subcontract to minority institutions.
    ``(b) Minority Institution Defined.--In this section, the term 
`minority institution' means--
            ``(1) a part B institution (as that term is defined in 
        section 322(2) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
        1061(2)); or
            ``(2) any other institution of higher education (as that 
        term is defined in section 101 of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1001)) at 
        which not less than 50 percent of the total student enrollment 
        consists of students from ethnic groups that are 
        underrepresented in the fields of science and engineering.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``2410t. Consideration of subcontracting to minority institutions.''.

SEC. 872. SIZE STANDARD CALCULATIONS FOR CERTAIN SMALL BUSINESS 
              CONCERNS.

    (a) Clarifying Amendment to the Small Business Runway Extension Act 
of 2018.--Section 3(a)(2)(C) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
632(a)(2)(C)) is amended by inserting ``(including the Administration 
when acting pursuant to subparagraph (A))'' after ``no Federal 
department or agency''.
    (b) Finalization of Small Business Runway Extension Act of 2018 
Rules.--The Administrator of the Small Business Administration shall 
issue a final rule implementing the Small Business Runway Extension Act 
of 2018 (Public Law 115-324) not later than December 17, 2019.
    (c) Amendment to Size Standards for Certain Small Business 
Concerns.--
            (1) Size standards for small business concerns providing 
        services.--Section 3(a)(2)(C)(ii)(II) of the Small Business Act 
        (15 U.S.C. 632(a)(2)(C)(ii)(II)) is amended by striking ``not 
        less than''.
            (2) Size standards for other business concerns.--Section 
        3(a)(2)(C)(ii)(III) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
        632(a)(2)(C)(ii)(III)) is amended by striking ``not less than 3 
        years'' and inserting ``5 years''.
    (d) Transition Plan for the Small Business Runway Extension Act of 
2018.--
            (1) Plan required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Small 
        Business Administration shall implement a transition plan to 
        assist business concerns and Federal agencies with compliance 
        with the requirements of the Small Business Runway Extension 
        Act of 2018 (Public Law 115-324).
            (2) 3-Year calculation for size standards.--
                    (A) In general.--The transition plan described 
                under paragraph (1) shall include a requirement that, 
                during the period beginning on December 17, 2018, and 
                ending on the date that is 6 months after the date on 
                which the Administrator issues final rules implementing 
                the Small Business Runway Extension Act of 2018 (Public 
                Law 115-324), allows the use of a 3-year calculation 
                for a size standard to be applied to a business concern 
                if the use of such 3-year calculation allows such 
                concern to be considered a small business concern under 
                section 3(a)(1) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
                632(a)(1)).
                    (B) 3-year calculation defined.--In this 
                subsection, the term ``3-year calculation'' means--
                            (i) with respect to a business concern 
                        providing services described under clause 
                        (ii)(II) of such section, a determination of 
                        the size of such concern on the basis of the 
                        annual average gross receipts of such concern 
                        over a period of 3 years; and
                            (ii) with respect to a business concern 
                        described under clause (ii)(III) of such 
                        section, a determination of the size of such 
                        concern on the basis of data over a period of 3 
                        years.
    (e) Requirement to Update SAM.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the System for Award Management (or 
any successor system) shall be updated to comply with the requirements 
of this Act.

SEC. 873. MODIFICATIONS TO SMALL BUSINESS SUBCONTRACTING.

    (a) Small Business Lower-tier Subcontracting.--Section 8(d) of the 
Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(d)) is amended--
            (1) by amending paragraph (16) to read as follows:
            ``(16) Credit for certain small business concern 
        subcontractors.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For purposes of determining 
                whether or not a prime contractor has attained the 
                percentage goals specified in paragraph (6)--
                            ``(i) if the subcontracting goals pertain 
                        only to a single contract with the Federal 
                        agency, the prime contractor may elect to 
                        receive credit for small business concerns 
                        performing as first tier subcontractors or 
                        subcontractors at any tier pursuant to the 
                        subcontracting plans required under paragraph 
                        (6)(D) in an amount equal to the total dollar 
                        value of any subcontracts awarded to such small 
                        business concerns; and
                            ``(ii) if the subcontracting goals pertain 
                        to more than one contract with one or more 
                        Federal agencies, or to one contract with more 
                        than one Federal agency, the prime contractor 
                        may only receive credit for first tier 
                        subcontractors that are small business 
                        concerns.
                    ``(B) Collection and review of data on 
                subcontracting plans.--The head of each contracting 
                agency shall ensure that--
                            ``(i) the agency collects and reports data 
                        on the extent to which contractors of the 
                        agency meet the goals and objectives set forth 
                        in subcontracting plans submitted pursuant to 
                        this subsection; and
                            ``(ii) the agency periodically reviews data 
                        collected and reported pursuant to subparagraph 
                        (A) for the purpose of ensuring that such 
                        contractors comply in good faith with the 
                        requirements of this subsection and 
                        subcontracting plans submitted by the 
                        contractors pursuant to this subsection.
                    ``(C) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this 
                paragraph shall be construed to allow a Federal agency 
                to establish a goaling requirement for a prime 
                contractor eligible to receive credit under this 
                paragraph that establishes an amount of subcontracts 
                with a subcontractor that is not a first tier 
                subcontractor for such prime contractor.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(18) Dispute process for non-payment to subcontractors.--
                    ``(A) Notice to agency.--With respect to a contract 
                with a Federal agency, a subcontractor of a prime 
                contractor on such contract may, if the subcontractor 
                has not received payment for performance on such 
                contract within 30 days of the completion of such 
                performance, notify the Office of Small and 
                Disadvantaged Business Utilization (hereinafter 
                referred to as `OSDBU') of the Federal agency and the 
                prime contractor of such lack of payment.
                    ``(B) Agency determination.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Upon receipt of a notice 
                        described under subparagraph (A) and if such 
                        notice is provided to the agency within the 15-
                        day period following the end the 30-day period 
                        described in subparagraph (A), the OSDBU shall 
                        verify whether such lack of payment has 
                        occurred and determine whether such lack of 
                        payment is due to an undue restriction placed 
                        on the prime contractor by an action of the 
                        Federal agency.
                            ``(ii) Response during determination.--
                        During the period in which the OSDBU is making 
                        the determination under clause (i), the prime 
                        contractor may respond to both the 
                        subcontractor and the OSDBU with relevant 
                        verifying documentation to either prove payment 
                        or allowable status of nonpayment.
                    ``(C) Cure period.--If the OSDBU verifies that the 
                lack of payment under subparagraph (B) is not due to an 
                action of the Federal agency, and the prime contractor 
                has not provided verifying documentation described in 
                subparagraph (B)(ii), the OSDBU shall notify the prime 
                contractor and provide the prime contractor with a 15-
                day period in which the prime contractor may make the 
                payment owed to the subcontractor.
                    ``(D) Result of nonpayment.--If, after notifying 
                the prime contractor under subparagraph (C), the OSDBU 
                determines that the prime contractor has not fully paid 
                the amount owed within the 15-day period described 
                under subparagraph (C), the OSDBU shall ensure that 
                such failure to pay is reflected in the Contractor 
                Performance Assessment Reporting system (or any 
                successor system).''.
    (b) Maintenance of Records With Respect to Credit Under a 
Subcontracting Plan.--Section 8(d)(6) of the Small Business Act (15 
U.S.C. 637(d)(6)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (G) and (H) as 
        subparagraphs (H) and (I), respectively (and conforming the 
        margins accordingly); and
            (2) by inserting after subparagraph (F) the following new 
        subparagraph:
            ``(G) a recitation of the types of records the successful 
        offeror or bidder will maintain to demonstrate that procedures 
        have been adopted to substantiate the credit the successful 
        offeror or bidder will elect to receive under paragraph 
        (16)(A)(i);''.

SEC. 874. INCLUSION OF BEST IN CLASS DESIGNATIONS IN ANNUAL REPORT ON 
              SMALL BUSINESS GOALS.

    Section 15(h) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(h)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) Best in class small business participation 
        reporting.--
                    ``(A) Addendum.--The Administrator, in addition to 
                the requirements under paragraph (2), shall include in 
                the report required by such paragraph, for each best in 
                class designation--
                            ``(i) the total amount of spending 
                        Governmentwide in such designation;
                            ``(ii) the number of small business 
                        concerns awarded contracts and the dollar 
                        amount of such contracts awarded within each 
                        such designation to each of the following--
                                    ``(I) qualified HUBZone small 
                                business concerns;
                                    ``(II) small business concerns 
                                owned and controlled by women;
                                    ``(III) small business concerns 
                                owned and controlled by service-
                                disabled veterans; and
                                    ``(IV) small business concerns 
                                owned and controlled by socially and 
                                economically disadvantaged individuals.
                    ``(B) Best in class defined.--The term `best in 
                class' has the meaning given such term by the Director 
                of the Office of Management and Budget.
                    ``(C) Effective date.--The Administrator shall 
                report on the information described by subparagraph (A) 
                beginning on the date that such information is 
                available in the Federal Procurement Data System, the 
                System for Award Management, or any successor to such 
                systems.''.

SEC. 875. SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION CYBERSECURITY REPORTS.

    Section 10 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 639) is amended by 
inserting after subsection (a) the following:
    ``(b) Cybersecurity Reports.--
            ``(1) Annual report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of enactment of this subsection, and every year 
        thereafter, the Administrator shall submit a report to the 
        appropriate congressional committees that includes--
                    ``(A) an assessment of the information technology 
                (as defined in section 11101 of title 40, United States 
                Code) and cybersecurity infrastructure of the 
                Administration;
                    ``(B) a strategy to increase the cybersecurity 
                infrastructure of the Administration;
                    ``(C) a detailed account of any information 
                technology equipment or interconnected system or 
                subsystem of equipment of the Administration that was 
                manufactured by an entity that has its principal place 
                of business located in China, Iran, Russia, or North 
                Korea; and
                    ``(D) an account of any cybersecurity risk or 
                incident that occurred at the Administration during the 
                2-year period preceding the date on which the report is 
                submitted, and any action taken by the Administrator to 
                respond to or remediate any such cybersecurity risk or 
                incident.
            ``(2) Additional reports.--If the Administrator determines 
        that there is a reasonable basis to conclude that a 
        cybersecurity risk or incident occurred at the Administration, 
        the Administrator shall--
                    ``(A) not later than 7 days after the date on which 
                the Administrator makes that determination, notify the 
                appropriate congressional committees of the 
                cybersecurity risk or incident; and
                    ``(B) not later than 30 days after the date on 
                which the Administrator makes a determination under 
                subparagraph (A)--
                            ``(i) provide notice to individuals and 
                        small business concerns affected by the 
                        cybersecurity risk or incident; and
                            ``(ii) submit to the appropriate 
                        congressional committees a report, based on 
                        information available to the Administrator as 
                        of the date which the Administrator submits the 
                        report, that includes--
                                    ``(I) a summary of information 
                                about the cybersecurity risk or 
                                incident, including how the 
                                cybersecurity risk or incident 
                                occurred; and
                                    ``(II) an estimate of the number of 
                                individuals and small business concerns 
                                affected by the cybersecurity risk or 
                                incident, including an assessment of 
                                the risk of harm to affected 
                                individuals and small business 
                                concerns.
            ``(3) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this subsection 
        shall be construed to affect the reporting requirements of the 
        Administrator under chapter 35 of title 44, United States Code, 
        in particular the requirement to notify the Federal information 
        security incident center under section 3554(b)(7)(C)(ii) of 
        such title, or any other provision of law.
            ``(4) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    ``(A) Appropriate congressional committees.--The 
                term `appropriate congressional committees' means--
                            ``(i) the Committee on Small Business and 
                        Entrepreneurship of the Senate; and
                            ``(ii) the Committee on Small Business of 
                        the House of Representatives.
                    ``(B) Cybersecurity risk; incident.--The terms 
                `cybersecurity risk' and `incident' have the meanings 
                given such terms, respectively, under section 2209(a) 
                of the Homeland Security Act of 2002.''.

SEC. 876. CYBER COUNSELING CERTIFICATION PROGRAM FOR LEAD SMALL 
              BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT CENTERS.

    Section 21 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 648) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(o) Cyber Counseling Certification Program for Lead Small 
Business Development Centers.--
            ``(1) Certification program.--The Administrator shall 
        establish a cyber counseling certification program, or approve 
        a similar existing program, to certify employees of lead small 
        business development centers to provide cyber planning 
        assistance to small business concerns.
            ``(2) Number of certified employees.--The Administrator 
        shall ensure that each lead small business development center 
        has at least 1 employee, and not less than 10 percent of the 
        total number of employees of the lead small business 
        development center, certified in providing cyber planning 
        assistance under this subsection.
            ``(3) Consideration of small business development center 
        cyber strategy.--In carrying out this subsection, the 
        Administrator, to the extent practicable, shall consider any 
        cyber strategy methods included in the Small Business 
        Development Center Cyber Strategy developed under section 
        1841(a)(3)(B) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2662) and any 
        cybersecurity outreach conducted pursuant to section 2209(l) of 
        the Homeland Security Act of 2002.
            ``(4) Reimbursement for certification.--Subject to the 
        availability of appropriations, the Administrator shall 
        reimburse a lead small business development center in an amount 
        not to exceed $350,000 in any fiscal year for costs relating to 
        the certification of an employee of the lead small business 
        development center under the program established under 
        paragraph (1).
            ``(5) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    ``(A) Cyber planning assistance.--The term `cyber 
                planning assistance' means counsel and assistance to 
                improve the cybersecurity infrastructure, awareness of 
                cyber threat indicators, and cyber training programs 
                for employees of a small business concern.
                    ``(B) Lead small business development center.--The 
                term `lead small business development center' means a 
                small business development center that has received a 
                grant under this section.''.

SEC. 877. EXEMPTION OF CERTAIN CONTRACTS FROM THE PERIODIC INFLATION 
              ADJUSTMENTS TO THE ACQUISITION-RELATED DOLLAR THRESHOLD.

    Subparagraph (B) of section 1908(b)(2) of title 41, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting ``3131 to 3134,'' after ``sections''.

SEC. 878. IMPROVEMENTS TO CERTAIN DEFENSE INNOVATION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Alignment of the Small Business Innovation Research Program and 
Small Business Technology Transfer Program of the Department of Defense 
With the National Defense Science and Technology Strategy.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense and Secretaries 
        of the military departments shall, to the extent practicable, 
        align the research topics selected for activities conducted 
        under the Small Business Innovation Research Program and Small 
        Business Technology Transfer Program (as defined under section 
        9 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638) with the National 
        Defense Science and Technology Strategy established under 
        section 218 of the John. S. McCain National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 
        Stat. 1679).
            (2) Use of national defense science and technology strategy 
        to determine research topics.--Section 9 of the Small Business 
        Act (15 U.S.C. 638) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (g)(3)(B), by striking ``, in the 
                1992 report'' and all that follows through ``that 
                authority'' and inserting ``in the National Defense 
                Science and Technology Strategy established under 
                section 218 of the John. S. McCain National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-
                232; 132 Stat. 1679)''; and
                    (B) in subsection (o)(3)(B), by striking ``, in 
                accordance with section 2522 of title 10, United States 
                Code'' and inserting ``in the National Defense Science 
                and Technology Strategy established under section 218 
                of the John. S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
                Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 
                1679)''.
    (b) Pilot Program for Domestic Investment Under the SBIR Program.--
            (1) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
        the Administrator of the Small Business Administration should 
        promulgate regulations to carry out the requirements under 
        section 9(dd) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(dd)) 
        that--
                    (A) permit small business concerns that are 
                majority-owned by multiple venture capital operating 
                companies, hedge funds, or private equity firms to 
                participate in the SBIR program in accordance with such 
                section;
                    (B) provide specific information regarding 
                eligibility, participation, and affiliation rules to 
                such small business concerns; and
                    (C) preserve and maintain the integrity of the SBIR 
                program as a program for small business concerns in the 
                United States by prohibiting large entities or foreign-
                owned entities from participation in the SBIR program.
            (2) Domestic investment pilot program.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act and notwithstanding 
                the requirements of section 9(dd) of the Small Business 
                Act (15 U.S.C. 638(dd)), the Secretary of Defense shall 
                create and administer a program to be known as the 
                ``Domestic Investment Pilot Program'' under which the 
                Secretary and the service acquisition executive for 
                each military department may make a SBIR award to a 
                small business concern that is majority-owned by 
                multiple United States-owned venture capital operating 
                companies, hedge funds, or private equity firms without 
                providing the written determination described under 
                paragraph (2) of such section 9(dd).
                    (B) Limitation.--The Secretary of Defense may award 
                not more than 10 percent of the funds allocated for the 
                SBIR program of the Department of Defense under section 
                9(f) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(f)) to 
                small business concerns that are owned in majority part 
                by multiple venture capital operating companies, hedge 
                funds, or private equity firms through competitive, 
                merit-based procedures that are open to all eligible 
                small business concerns.
                    (C) Evaluation criteria.--In carrying out the 
                Domestic Investment Pilot Program, the Secretary of 
                Defense may not use investment of venture capital or 
                investment from hedge funds or private equity firms as 
                a criterion for the award of contracts under the SBIR 
                program or STTR program.
                    (D) Annual reporting.--The Secretary of Defense 
                shall include as part of each annual report required 
                under section 9(b)(7) of the Small Business Act (15 
                U.S.C. 638(9)(b)(7)) )--
                            (i) information on the implementation of 
                        the Domestic Investment Pilot Program;
                            (ii) the number of proposals received from 
                        small business concerns that are majority-owned 
                        by multiple venture capital operating 
                        companies, hedge funds, or private equity firms 
                        for the Domestic Investment Pilot Program; and
                            (iii) the number of awards made to such 
                        small business concerns.
                    (E) Termination.--The Domestic Investment Pilot 
                Program established under this subsection shall 
                terminate on September 30, 2022.
            (3) Definitions.--In this section:
                    (A) SBIR.--The term ``SBIR'' has the meaning given 
                in section 9(e) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
                638(e)).
                    (B) Small business act definitions.--The terms 
                ``small business concern'', ``venture capital operating 
                company'', ``hedge fund'', and ``private equity firm'' 
                have the meanings given those terms, respectively, in 
                section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632).
    (c) Cybersecurity Technical Assistance for SBIR and STTR 
Programs.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may enter into an 
        agreement with 1 or more vendors selected under section 
        (9)(q)(2) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(q)(2)) to 
        provide small business concerns engaged in SBIR or STTR 
        projects with cybersecurity technical assistance , such as 
        access to a network of cybersecurity experts and engineers 
        engaged in designing and implementing cybersecurity practices.
            (2) Amounts.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the Secretary 
        of Defense may provide the amounts described under section 
        (9)(q)(3) of such Act (15 U.S.C. 638(q)(3)) to a recipient that 
        meets the eligibility requirements under the applicable 
        subparagraph, if the recipient requests to seek cybersecurity 
        technical assistance from an individual or entity other than a 
        vendor selected as described in paragraph (1).
    (d) Phase 0 Proof of Concept Partnership Program for the Department 
of Defense.--Section 9(jj) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``The Director of the 
        National Institutes of Health'' and inserting ``A covered 
        agency head'';
            (2) by striking ``The Director'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``A covered agency head'';
            (3) by striking ``the Director'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``a covered agency head'';
            (4) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as 
                follows:
                    ``(A) the term `covered agency head' means--
                            ``(i) with respect to the STTR program of 
                        the National Institutes of Health, the Director 
                        of the National Institutes of Health; or
                            ``(ii) with respect to the STTR program of 
                        the Department of Defense, the Secretary of 
                        Defense;''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``in the 
                National Institutes of Health's STTR program'' and 
                inserting ``in either the STTR program of the 
                Department of Defense or the STTR program of the 
                National Institutes of Health''; and
            (5) in paragraph (4)(A), by inserting ``participating in 
        the STTR program administered by such agency head'' after ``a 
        qualifying institution''.
    (e) Modification to the Defense Research and Development Rapid 
Innovation Program.--
            (1) Increase to funding.--Section 2359a(b)(3) of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended by striking ``$3,000,000'' and 
        inserting ``$6,000,000''.
            (2) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a report on the program 
        established under section 2359a(b)(3) of title 10, United 
        States Code, (commonly known as the ``Defense Research and 
        Development Rapid Innovation Program''), which shall include--
                    (A) with respect to the two fiscal years preceding 
                the submission of the report--
                            (i) a description of the total number of 
                        proposals funded under the program;
                            (ii) the percent of funds made available 
                        under the program for Small Business Innovation 
                        Research Program projects; and
                            (iii) a list of Small Business Innovation 
                        Research Program projects that received funding 
                        under the program that were included in major 
                        defense acquisition programs (as defined in 
                        section 2430 of title 10, United States Code) 
                        and other defense acquisition programs that 
                        meet critical national security needs; and
                    (B) an assessment on the effectiveness of the 
                program in stimulating innovation technologies, 
                reducing acquisition or lifecycle costs, addressing 
                technical risk, and improving the timeliness and 
                thoroughness of test and evaluation outcomes.
    (f) Establishment of Joint Reserve Detachments at Defense 
Innovation Unit.--
            (1) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
        consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments, 
        shall establish not fewer than three joint reserve detachments 
        (referred to in this section as ``Detachments'') at locations 
        of the Defense Innovation Unit--
                    (A) to support engagement and collaboration with 
                commercial innovation hubs; and
                    (B) to accelerate the transition and adoption of 
                commercial technologies for national security purposes.
            (2) Composition.--Each Detachment shall be composed of 
        members of the reserve components who possess relevant private 
        sector experience in the fields of business, acquisition, 
        intelligence, engineering, technology transfer, science, 
        mathematics, contracting, procurement, logistics, cyberspace 
        security, or such other fields as are determined to be relevant 
        by the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.
            (3) Responsibilities.--The Detachments shall have the 
        following responsibilities:
                    (A) Each Detachment shall provide the Department of 
                Defense with expertise, analysis, alternatives for 
                innovation, and opportunities for greater engagement 
                and collaboration between the defense innovation 
                ecosystem and commercial industry.
                    (B) Each Detachment shall, on an ongoing basis--
                            (i) recruit, retain, and employ members of 
                        the reserve components who possess relevant 
                        private sector experience, as described in 
                        paragraph (2);
                            (ii) partner with the military services, 
                        the combatant commands, and other Department of 
                        Defense organizations to seek and rapidly 
                        prototype advanced commercial solutions while 
                        lowering the barrier to entry to serve defense 
                        requirements;
                            (iii) increase awareness of--
                                    (I) the technology portfolios of 
                                the Defense Innovation Unit; and
                                    (II) the technology requirements of 
                                the Department of Defense as identified 
                                in the National Defense Science and 
                                Technology Strategy developed under 
                                section 218 of the John S. McCain 
                                National Defense Authorization Act for 
                                Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 
                                132 Stat. 1679);
                            (iv) capitalize on the growing investment 
                        in research and development made by the 
                        commercial industry in assessing and maturing 
                        dual-use technologies; and
                            (v) carry out such other activities as may 
                        be directed by the Under Secretary of Defense 
                        for Research and Engineering.
            (4) Deadline for establishment of detachments.--The 
        Secretary of Defense shall ensure that--
                    (A) at least one Detachment is established on or 
                before October 1, 2020; and
                    (B) all three Detachments required under subsection 
                (a) are established on or before October 1, 2022.
            (5) Implementation report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary 
                of Defense for Research and Engineering shall submit to 
                the congressional defense committees a report that 
                includes--
                            (i) an organizational plan for the 
                        Detachments;
                            (ii) the estimated costs of establishing 
                        the Detachments;
                            (iii) a timeline specifying when each 
                        Detachment will attain initial operational 
                        capability and full operational capability, 
                        respectively.
                    (B) Consultation.--In preparing the report required 
                under subparagraph (A), the Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Research and Engineering shall consult with the 
                Director of the Defense Innovation Unit and the head of 
                each military service.
    (g) Modification to Department of Defense SBIR Expenditures.--
Section 9(f) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(f)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(I), by inserting ``, except as 
        provided in paragraph (5)'' after ``thereafter,'' and inserting 
        ``fiscal years 2017 through 2019; and''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) Required expenditure amounts for the department of 
        defense.--With respect to fiscal year 2020 and each fiscal year 
        thereafter, paragraph (1)(I) shall apply to the Department of 
        Defense with `4.0 percent' substituted for `3.2 percent'.''.

SEC. 879. PILOT PROGRAM FOR DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGY-ENHANCED 
              CAPABILITIES WITH PARTNERSHIP INTERMEDIARIES.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense may authorize the 
Commander of the United States Special Operations Command to use not 
more than 5 percent of the funds required to be expended by the 
Department of Defense under section 9(f)(1) of the Small Business Act 
(15 U.S.C. 638(f)(1)) for a pilot program to increase participation by 
small business concerns in the development of technology-enhanced 
capabilities for special operations forces.
    (b) Use of Partnership Intermediary.--
            (1) Authorization.--The Commander of the United States 
        Special Operations Command may modify an existing agreement 
        with a partnership intermediary to assist the Commander in 
        carrying out the pilot program under this section, including 
        with respect to the award of Small Business Innovation Research 
        Program contracts, Small Business Technology Transfer Program 
        contracts, and other contracts and agreements to small business 
        concerns.
            (2) Use of funds.--None of the funds referred to in 
        subsection (a) shall be used to pay a partnership intermediary 
        for any administrative costs associated with the pilot program.
    (c) Report.--Not later than October 1, 2020, and October 1, 2021, 
the Commander of the United States Special Operations Command shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees, the Committee on Small 
Business of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Small 
Business and Entrepreneurship of the Senate a report describing any 
agreement with a partnership intermediary entered into pursuant to this 
section. The report shall include, for each such agreement, the amount 
of funds obligated, an identification of the recipient of such funds, 
and a description of the use of such funds.
    (d) Termination.--The authority to carry out a pilot program under 
this section shall terminate on September 30, 2021.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Partnership intermediary.--The term ``partnership 
        intermediary'' has the meaning given the term in section 23(c) 
        of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 
        U.S.C. 3715(c)).
            (2) Small business concern.--The term ``small business 
        concern'' has the meaning given the term under section 3 of the 
        Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632).
            (3) Small business innovation research program.--The term 
        ``Small Business Innovation Research Program'' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 9(e)(4) of the Small Business Act (15 
        U.S.C. 638(e)).
            (4) Small business technology transfer program.--The term 
        ``Small Business Technology Transfer Program'' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 9(e)(5) of the Small Business Act (15 
        U.S.C. 638(e)).
            (5) Technology-enhanced capability.--The term ``technology-
        enhanced capability'' means a product, concept, or process that 
        improves the ability of a member of the Armed Forces to achieve 
        an assigned mission.

SEC. 880. AUTHORIZED OFFICIAL TO CARRY OUT THE PROCUREMENT TECHNICAL 
              ASSISTANCE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Authorized Official.--Effective October 1, 2021, section 
2411(3) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``Director of Defense Logistics Agency'' and inserting ``Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
    (b) Report and Briefing.--Not later than November 1, 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense shall provide to the congressional defense 
committees a written report and briefing on the activities carried out 
in preparation for the transition of responsibilities for carrying out 
the procurement technical assistance cooperative agreement program 
under chapter 142 of title 10, United States Code, from the Director of 
Defense Logistics Agency to the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment, as required by subsection (a).
    (c) Annual Budget Justification Documents.--Not later than February 
1, 2022, and each fiscal year thereafter, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a budget 
justification display that includes the procurement technical 
assistance cooperative agreement program under chapter 142 of title 10, 
United States Code, as part of the budget justification for Operation 
and Maintenance, Defense-wide for the Office of the Secretary of 
Defense.

SEC. 881. PERMANENT AUTHORIZATION AND IMPROVEMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE MENTOR-PROTEGE PROGRAM.

    (a) Permanent Authorization.--Section 831 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 
2302 note) is amended by striking subsection (j).
    (b) Office of Small Business Programs Oversight.--Section 831 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 
101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (n) as subsection (o); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (m) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(n) Establishment of Performance Goals and Periodic Reviews.--The 
Office of Small Business Programs of the Department of Defense shall--
            ``(1) establish performance goals consistent with the 
        stated purpose of the Mentor-Protege Program and outcome-based 
        metrics to measure progress in meeting those goals; and
            ``(2) submit to the congressional defense committees, not 
        later than February 1, 2020, a report on progress made toward 
        implementing these performance goals and metrics, based on 
        periodic reviews of the procedures used to approve mentor-
        protege agreements.''.
    (c) Modification of Disadvantaged Small Business Concern 
Definition.--Subsection (o)(2) of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note), as 
redesignated by subsection (b)(1) of this section, is amended by 
striking ``has less than half the size standard corresponding to its 
primary North American Industry Classification System code'' and 
inserting ``is not more than the size standard corresponding to its 
primary North American Industry Classification System code''.
    (d) Removal of Pilot Program References.--Section 831 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 
101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading for subsection (a), by 
        striking ``Pilot''; and
            (2) by striking ``pilot'' each place it appears.
    (e) Independent Report on Program Effectiveness.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall direct the 
        Defense Business Board to submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report evaluating the effectiveness of the Mentor-
        Protege Program established under section 831 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-
        510; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note), including recommendations for 
        improving the program in terms of performance metrics, forms of 
        assistance, and overall program effectiveness not later than 
        March 31, 2022.
            (2) Congressional defense committees defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``congressional defense committees'' has 
        the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, 
        United States Code.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

SEC. 891. REQUIREMENT TO USE MODELS OF COMMERCIAL E-COMMERCE PORTAL 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Before the award of a final contract to a 
commercial e-commerce portal provider pursuant to section 846 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 
115-91; 41 U.S.C. 1901 note), the Administrator of General Services 
shall establish a five-year program to test the three models for 
commercial e-commerce portals identified in section 4.1 of 
``Procurement Through Commercial E-Commerce Portals Phase II Report: 
Market Research & Consultation'' issued by the Administrator in April 
2019.
    (b) Analysis.--The Administrator shall conduct an analysis of the 
use of the three models described in subsection (a) to determine which 
model is the most effective for procurement through commercial e-
commerce portals.

SEC. 892. REPORT AND DATABASE ON ITEMS MANUFACTURED IN THE UNITED 
              STATES FOR MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that any 
equipment or products purchased for major defense acquisition programs 
(as defined in section 2430 of title 10, United States Code) should be 
manufactured in the United States substantially all from articles, 
materials, or supplies mined, produced, or manufactured in the United 
States, and that any such equipment or products purchased by any entity 
of the Department of Defense should be American-made, provided that 
American-made equipment and products are of a quality similar to that 
of competitive offers and are available in a timely manner to meet 
mission requirements.
    (b) In General.--Chapter 144 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 2436 the following new section:
``Sec. 2436a. Major defense acquisition programs: report and database 
              on items manufactured in the United States
    ``(a) Report.--Beginning not later than one year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees an annual report on the percentage of 
any items procured in connection with a major defense acquisition 
program that are manufactured in the United States substantially all 
from articles, materials, or supplies mined, produced, or manufactured 
in the United States.
    ``(b) Database.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
database for information related to items described in the report 
required under subsection (a) that can be used for continuous data 
analysis to inform acquisition decisions relating to major defense 
acquisition programs.''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of section at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
2436 the following new item:

``2436a. Major defense acquisition programs: report and database on 
                            items manufactured in the United States.''.

SEC. 893. REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO SELECTED ACQUISITION REPORTS.

    (a) Inapplicability of Termination of Report Submittal to 
Congress.--
            (1) In general.--Selected Acquisition Reports required by 
        section 2432 of title 10, United States Code, shall not 
        constitute reports covered by subsection (b) of section 1080 of 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
        (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1000; 10 U.S.C. 111 note), and 
        their submittal to Congress as required by such section 2432 
        shall not be terminated by operation of subsection (a) of such 
        section 1080.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Effective on December 30, 2021, 
        section 1051(x) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1567) is amended 
        by striking paragraph (4).
    (b) Form of Selected Acquisition Reports.--Section 2432 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
new subsection:
    ``(i) A report required under this section shall be submitted in 
unclassified form without any designation relating to dissemination 
control, but may contain a classified annex.''.
    (c) Report on Alternative Methodology.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall include with the budget for fiscal year 2021, as submitted to 
Congress pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, a 
report proposing an alternative methodology for providing status 
reports on major defense acquisition programs and other acquisition 
activities, including programs carried out under section 804 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note), where such status reports shall include 
information on--
            (1) scheduled and completed cybersecurity tests of software 
        acquired through a program covered by the status report, 
        including assessments on cooperative vulnerability and 
        penetration and adversarial assessments;
            (2) software development metrics, including initial and 
        most recent estimates of the projected value, sizing, schedule, 
        and level of effort for software acquired through a program 
        covered by the status report; and
            (3) quality metrics for software acquired through a program 
        covered by the status report.
    (d) Guidance on Cybersecurity Tests.--With respect to cybersecurity 
tests included in the alternative methodology report described in 
subsection (c)(1), the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the 
Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, shall develop policies on 
the selection of cybersecurity tests, methods to consistently describe 
the cybersecurity tests, and methods to associate cybersecurity tests 
with a component part of a system or a version of the software tested.

SEC. 894. CONTRACTOR SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATH 
              PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--Section 862 of National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-181; 125 Stat. 1521; 10 U.S.C. 
note prec. 2191) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
                ``Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
                Engineering''; and
                    (B) by striking ``ensure that Department of Defense 
                contractors'' and inserting ``encourage Department of 
                Defense contractors to''; and
            (2) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
    ``(b) Allowable Cost.--The cost of participating in activities 
described in subsection (a) to a Department of Defense contractor shall 
be deemed to be an allowable cost under a contract between the 
contractor and the Department of Defense.''.
    (b) Implementation.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue such rules 
or guidance necessary to implement the amendments made by this section.

SEC. 895. EXTENSION OF SUNSET RELATING TO FEDERAL DATA CENTER 
              CONSOLIDATION INITIATIVE.

    Subsection (e) of section 834 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (44 U.S.C. 3601 note) is amended by striking 
``2020'' and inserting ``2022''.

SEC. 896. REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO CERTAIN RAIL ROLLING STOCK 
              PROCUREMENTS AND OPERATIONS.

    (a) Limitation on Certain Rail Rolling Stock Procurements.--Section 
5323 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
    ``(u) Limitation on Certain Rail Rolling Stock Procurements.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (5), 
        financial assistance made available under this chapter shall 
        not be used in awarding a contract or subcontract to an entity 
        on or after the date of enactment of this subsection for the 
        procurement of rail rolling stock for use in public 
        transportation if the manufacturer of the rail rolling stock--
                    ``(A) is incorporated in or has manufacturing 
                facilities in the United States; and
                    ``(B) is owned or controlled by, is a subsidiary 
                of, or is otherwise related legally or financially to a 
                corporation based in a country that--
                            ``(i) is identified as a nonmarket economy 
                        country (as defined in section 771(18) of the 
                        Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1677(18))) as of 
                        the date of enactment of this subsection;
                            ``(ii) was identified by the United States 
                        Trade Representative in the most recent report 
                        required by section 182 of the Trade Act of 
                        1974 (19 U.S.C. 2242) as a priority foreign 
                        country under subsection (a)(2) of that 
                        section; and
                            ``(iii) is subject to monitoring by the 
                        Trade Representative under section 306 of the 
                        Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2416).
            ``(2) Exception.--For purposes of paragraph (1), the term 
        `otherwise related legally or financially' does not include a 
        minority relationship or investment.
            ``(3) International agreements.--This subsection shall be 
        applied in a manner consistent with the obligations of the 
        United States under international agreements.
            ``(4) Certification for rail rolling stock.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
                (5), as a condition of financial assistance made 
                available in a fiscal year under section 5337, a 
                recipient that operates rail fixed guideway service 
                shall certify in that fiscal year that the recipient 
                will not award any contract or subcontract for the 
                procurement of rail rolling stock for use in public 
                transportation with a rail rolling stock manufacturer 
                described in paragraph (1).
                    ``(B) Separate certification.--The certification 
                required under this paragraph shall be in addition to 
                any certification the Secretary establishes to ensure 
                compliance with the requirements of paragraph (1).
            ``(5) Exception.--This subsection, including the 
        certification requirement under paragraph (4), shall not apply 
        to the award of a contract or subcontract made by a public 
        transportation agency with a rail rolling stock manufacturer 
        described in paragraph (1) if the manufacturer and the public 
        transportation agency have a contract for rail rolling stock 
        that was executed before the date of enactment of this 
        subsection.''.
    (b) Cybersecurity Certification for Rail Rolling Stock and 
Operations.--Section 5323 of title 49, United States Code, as amended 
by subsection (a), is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(v) Cybersecurity Certification for Rail Rolling Stock and 
Operations.--
            ``(1) Certification.--As a condition of financial 
        assistance made available under this chapter, a recipient that 
        operates a rail fixed guideway public transportation system 
        shall certify that the recipient has established a process to 
        develop, maintain, and execute a written plan for identifying 
        and reducing cybersecurity risks.
            ``(2) Compliance.--For the process required under paragraph 
        (1), a recipient of assistance under this chapter shall--
                    ``(A) utilize the approach described by the 
                voluntary standards and best practices developed under 
                section 2(c)(15) of the National Institute of Standards 
                and Technology Act (15 U.S.C. 272(c)(15)), as 
                applicable;
                    ``(B) identify hardware and software that the 
                recipient determines should undergo third-party testing 
                and analysis to mitigate cybersecurity risks, such as 
                hardware or software for rail rolling stock under 
                proposed procurements; and
                    ``(C) utilize the approach described in any 
                voluntary standards and best practices for rail fixed 
                guideway public transportation systems developed under 
                the authority of the Secretary of Homeland Security, as 
                applicable.
            ``(3) Limitations on statutory construction.--Nothing in 
        this subsection shall be construed to interfere with the 
        authority of--
                    ``(A) the Secretary of Homeland Security to publish 
                or ensure compliance with requirements or standards 
                concerning cybersecurity for rail fixed guideway public 
                transportation systems; or
                    ``(B) the Secretary of Transportation under section 
                5329 to address cybersecurity issues as those issues 
                relate to the safety of rail fixed guideway public 
                transportation systems.''.

SEC. 897. PROHIBITION ON CONTRACTING WITH PERSONS THAT HAVE BUSINESS 
              OPERATIONS WITH THE MADURO REGIME.

    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided under subsections (c), (d), 
and (e), the Department of Defense may not enter into a contract for 
the procurement of goods or services with any person that has business 
operations with an authority of the Government of Venezuela that is not 
recognized as the legitimate Government of Venezuela by the United 
States Government.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Business operations.--The term ``business operations'' 
        means engaging in commerce in any form, including acquiring, 
        developing, maintaining, owning, selling, possessing, leasing, 
        or operating equipment, facilities, personnel, products, 
        services, personal property, real property, or any other 
        apparatus of business or commerce.
            (2) Government of venezuela.--(A) The term ``Government of 
        Venezuela'' includes the government of any political 
        subdivision of Venezuela, and any agency or instrumentality of 
        the Government of Venezuela.
            (B) For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term ``agency or 
        instrumentality of the Government of Venezuela'' means an 
        agency or instrumentality of a foreign state as defined in 
        section 1603(b) of title 28, United States Code, with each 
        reference in such section to ``a foreign state'' deemed to be a 
        reference to ``Venezuela''.
            (3) Person.--The term ``person'' means--
                    (A) a natural person, corporation, company, 
                business association, partnership, society, trust, or 
                any other nongovernmental entity, organization, or 
                group;
                    (B) any governmental entity or instrumentality of a 
                government, including a multilateral development 
                institution (as defined in section 1701(c)(3) of the 
                International Financial Institutions Act (22 U.S.C. 
                262r(c)(3))); and
                    (C) any successor, subunit, parent entity, or 
                subsidiary of, or any entity under common ownership or 
                control with, any entity described in subparagraph (A) 
                or (B).
    (c) Exceptions.--
            (1) In general.--The prohibition under subsection (a) does 
        not apply to a contract that the Secretary of Defense and the 
        Secretary of State jointly determine--
                    (A) is necessary--
                            (i) for purposes of providing humanitarian 
                        assistance to the people of Venezuela,
                            (ii) for purposes of providing disaster 
                        relief and other urgent life-saving measures; 
                        or
                            (iii) to carry out noncombatant 
                        evacuations; or
                    (B) is vital to the national security interests of 
                the United States.
            (2) Notification requirement.--The Secretary of Defense 
        shall notify the congressional defense committees, the 
        Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, 
        and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate of any 
        contract entered into on the basis of an exception provided for 
        under paragraph (1).
    (d) Office of Foreign Assets Control Licenses.--The prohibition in 
subsection (a) shall not apply to a person that has a valid license to 
operate in Venezuela issued by the Office of Foreign Assets Control.
    (e) American Diplomatic Mission in Venezuela.--The prohibition in 
subsection (a) shall not apply to contracts related to the operation 
and maintenance of the United States Government's consular offices and 
diplomatic posts in Venezuela.
    (f) Applicability.--This section shall apply with respect to any 
contract entered into on or after the date of the enactment of this 
section.

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

SEC. 901. UPDATE OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO NUCLEAR COMMAND, CONTROL, 
              AND COMMUNICATIONS.

    (a) Duties and Powers of Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
and Sustainment.--Section 133b(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (4), (5), (6), and (7) as 
        paragraphs (5), (6), (7), and (8), respectively;
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph (4):
            ``(4) establishing policies for, and providing oversight, 
        guidance, and coordination for, nuclear command and control 
        systems;''; and
            (3) in paragraph (6), as so redesignated, by inserting 
        after ``overseeing the modernization of nuclear forces'' the 
        following: ``, including the nuclear command, control, and 
        communications system,''.
    (b) Chief Information Officer.--Section 142(b)(1) of such title is 
amended--
            (1) by striking subparagraph (G); and
            (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (H) and (I) as 
        subparagraphs (G) and (H), respectively.

  Subtitle B--Other Department of Defense Organization and Management 
                                Matters

SEC. 911. CODIFICATION OF ASSISTANT SECRETARIES FOR ENVIRONMENT, 
              INSTALLATIONS, AND ENERGY OF THE ARMY, NAVY, AND AIR 
              FORCE.

    (a) Assistant Secretary of the Army.--Section 7016(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
    ``(6)(A) One of the Assistant Secretaries shall be the Assistant 
Secretary for Installations, Energy, and Environment.
    ``(B) The principal duty of the Assistant Secretary for 
Installations, Energy, and Environment shall be the overall supervision 
of installation, energy, and environment matters for the Department of 
the Army.''.
    (b) Assistant Secretary of the Navy.--Section 8016(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
    ``(5)(A) One of the Assistant Secretaries shall be the Assistant 
Secretary for Energy, Installations, and Environment.
    ``(B) The principal duty of the Assistant Secretary for Energy, 
Installations, and Environment shall be the overall supervision of 
installation, energy, and environment matters for the Department of the 
Navy.''.
    (c) Assistant Secretary of the Air Force.--Section 9016(b) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
new paragraph:
    ``(5)(A) One of the Assistant Secretaries shall be the Assistant 
Secretary for Installations, Environment, and Energy.
    ``(B) The principal duty of the Assistant Secretary for 
Installations, Environment, and Energy shall be the overall supervision 
of installation, energy, and environment matters for the Department of 
the Air Force.''.

SEC. 912. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR CONSOLIDATION OF 
              DEFENSE MEDIA ACTIVITY.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Department of 
Defense may be used to consolidate the Defense Media Activity until a 
period of 180 days has elapsed following the date of the enactment of 
this Act.

SEC. 913. MODERNIZATION OF CERTAIN FORMS AND SURVEYS.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study to 
identify each form and survey of the Department of Defense, in use on 
the date of the enactment of this Act, that contains a term or 
classification that the Secretary determines may be considered racially 
or ethnically insensitive.
    (b) Reports.--
            (1) Interim reports.--On the date that is 90 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, and on the date that is 180 
        days after such date of enactment, the Secretary shall submit 
        to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate a report on the status of the 
        study conducted under subsection (a).
            (2) Final report.--Not later than one year after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives 
        and the Senate a report on the results of the study conducted 
        under subsection (a) that includes--
                    (A) a list of each form and survey identified under 
                such study; and
                    (B) a plan for modernizing the terms and 
                classifications contained in such forms and surveys, 
                including legislative recommendations.
    (c) Modernization Required.--Not later than 18 months after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall carry out the 
plan included in the report submitted under subsection (b).

                       Subtitle C--Space Matters

                   PART I--UNITED STATES SPACE CORPS

SEC. 921. ESTABLISHMENT OF UNITED STATES SPACE CORPS IN THE DEPARTMENT 
              OF THE AIR FORCE.

    (a) Establishment.--Part I of subtitle D of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new chapter:

                     ``CHAPTER 909--THE SPACE CORPS

``Sec.
``9091. Establishment of the Space Corps.
``9093. Commandant of the Space Corps.
``9095. Officer career field for space.
``Sec. 9091. Establishment of the Space Corps
    ``(a) Establishment.--There is established a United States Space 
Corps as an armed force within the Department of the Air Force.
    ``(b) Composition.--(1) The Space Corps shall be composed of the 
following:
            ``(A) The Commandant of the Space Corps.
            ``(B) The space forces and such assets as may be organic 
        therein.
    ``(2)(A) The space forces specified in paragraph (1)(B) shall 
include the personnel and assets of the Air Force transferred to the 
Space Corps pursuant to the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020.
    ``(B) The space forces specified in paragraph (1)(B) may not 
include the personnel or assets of the National Reconnaissance Office 
or the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Nothing in this section 
shall affect the authorities, duties, or responsibilities of the 
Director of the National Reconnaissance Office and the Director of the 
National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, including with respect to the 
authority of each such Director to--
            ``(i) carry out the research, development, test, and 
        evaluation and procurement of satellites and user satellite 
        terminals of the Defense Agency of the Director;
            ``(ii) operate such terminals; and
            ``(iii) develop requirements to ensure that the space 
        programs of the Department of Defense support the mission of 
        the Director.
    ``(c) Functions.--The Space Corps shall be organized, trained, and 
equipped to provide--
            ``(1) freedom of operation for the United States in, from, 
        and to space; and
            ``(2) prompt and sustained space operations.
    ``(d) Duties.--It shall be the duty of the Space Corps to--
            ``(1) protect the interests of the United States in space;
            ``(2) deter aggression in, from, and to space; and
            ``(3) conduct space operations.
    ``(e) Acquisition System.--(1) The Secretary of the Air Force may 
establish a separate, alternative acquisition system for defense space 
acquisitions, including with respect to procuring space vehicles, 
ground segments relating to such vehicles, and satellite terminals, 
pursuant to the plan specified in paragraph (2).
    ``(2) The Deputy Secretary of Defense shall develop the plan, and 
submit such plan to the congressional defense committees, under section 
1601(b) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 2103).
    ``(3) The alternative acquisition system under paragraph (1) shall 
cover defense space acquisitions except with respect to the National 
Reconnaissance Office and other elements of the Department of Defense 
that are elements of the intelligence community (as defined in section 
3 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003)).
    ``(f) Personnel Development.--(1) The Secretary may ensure the 
quality of the members of the Space Corps pursuant to the plan 
specified in paragraph (2) and section 9095 of this title.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall develop the plan, and submit such plan to 
the congressional defense committees, under section 1601(c) of the John 
S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
(Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 2103).
    ``(3) In carrying out paragraph (1), the Secretary shall address 
the following:
            ``(A) Managing the career progression of members of the 
        Space Corps and civilian employees of the Space Corps 
        throughout the military or civilian career of the member or the 
        employee, as the case may be, including with respect to--
                    ``(i) defining career professional milestones;
                    ``(ii) pay and incentive structures;
                    ``(iii) the management and oversight of the Space 
                Corps;
                    ``(iv) training relating to planning and executing 
                warfighting missions and operations in space;
                    ``(v) conducting periodic Space Corps-wide 
                professional assessments to determine how the Space 
                Corps is developing as a group; and
                    ``(vi) establishing a centralized method to control 
                personnel assignments and distribution.
            ``(B) The identification of future space-related career 
        fields that the Secretary determines appropriate, including a 
        space acquisition career field.
            ``(C) The identification of any overlap that exists among 
        operations and acquisitions career fields to determine 
        opportunities for cross-functional career opportunities.
``Sec. 9093. Commandant of the Space Corps
    ``(a) Appointment.--(1) There is a Commandant of the Space Corps, 
appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the 
Senate, from the general officers of the Air Force. The Commandant 
serves at the pleasure of the President.
    ``(2) The Commandant shall be appointed for a term of four years. 
In time of war or during a national emergency declared by Congress, the 
Commandant may be reappointed for a term of not more than four years.
    ``(b) Grade.--The Commandant, while so serving, has the grade of 
general without vacating the permanent grade of the officer.
    ``(c) Relationship to the Secretary of the Air Force.--Except as 
otherwise prescribed by law and subject to section 9013(f) of this 
title, the Commandant performs the duties of such position under the 
authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of the Air Force and 
is directly responsible to the Secretary.
    ``(d) Duties.--Subject to the authority, direction, and control of 
the Secretary of the Air Force, the Commandant shall--
            ``(1) exercise supervision, consistent with the authority 
        assigned to commanders of unified or specified combatant 
        commands under chapter 6 of this title, over such of the 
        members and organizations of the Space Corps as the Secretary 
        determines; and
            ``(2) perform such other military duties, not otherwise 
        assigned by law, as are assigned to the Commandant by the 
        President, the Secretary of Defense, or the Secretary of the 
        Air Force.
    ``(e) Joint Chiefs of Staff.--(1) The Commandant shall also perform 
the duties prescribed for the Commandant as a member of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff under section 151 of this title.
    ``(2) To the extent that such action does not impair the 
independence of the Commandant in the performance of the duties of the 
Commandant as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Commandant 
shall inform the Secretary of the Air Force regarding military advice 
rendered by members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on matters affecting 
the Department of the Air Force.
    ``(3) Subject to the authority, direction, and control of the 
Secretary of Defense, the Commandant shall keep the Secretary of the 
Air Force fully informed of significant military operations affecting 
the duties and responsibilities of the Secretary.''.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Joint chiefs of staff.--
                    (A) Membership.--Section 151(a) of title 10, United 
                States Code, is amended--
                            (i) by redesignating paragraph (7) as 
                        paragraph (8); and
                            (ii) by inserting after paragraph (6) the 
                        following new paragraph:
            ``(7) The Commandant of the Space Corps.''.
                    (B) Appointment.--Section 152(b)(1)(B) of such 
                title is amended by striking ``or the Commandant of the 
                Marine Corps'' and inserting ``the Commandant of the 
                Marine Corps, or the Commandant of the Space Corps''.
            (2) Officer careers.--Chapter 907 of such title is amended 
        as follows:
                    (A) In section 9084, by striking ``officers in the 
                Air Force'' and inserting ``officers in the Space 
                Corps''.
                    (B) By transferring section 9084, as amended by 
                subparagraph (A), to chapter 909 and redesignating such 
                section as section 9095.
                    (C) In the table of sections, by striking the item 
                relating to section 9084.
            (3) Secretary of the air force.--Section 9013 of such title 
        is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (f), by inserting ``and Space 
                Corps'' after ``Officers of the Air Force''; and
                    (B) in subsection (g)(1), by inserting ``and Space 
                Corps'' after ``members of the Air Force''.
            (4) Definitions.--Section 101 of such title is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``Space 
                        Corps,'' after ``Marine Corps,''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (9)(C), by inserting 
                        ``and the Space Corps'' after ``concerning the 
                        Air Force''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) in paragraph (4), by striking ``or 
                        Marine Corps'' and inserting ``Marine Corps, or 
                        Space Corps''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (13), by striking ``or 
                        Marine Corps'' and inserting ``Marine Corps, or 
                        Space Corps''.
    (e) Clerical Amendment.--The table of chapters for part I of 
subtitle D of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the 
end the following new item:

``909. The Space Corps''.

SEC. 922. TRANSFER OF PERSONNEL, FUNCTIONS, AND ASSETS TO THE SPACE 
              CORPS.

    (a) Transfers.--
            (1) Transfer of military personnel.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall, 
                during the transition period, transfer all covered 
                military personnel to the Space Corps.
                    (B) Retention in grade and status.--Covered 
                military personnel transferred to the Space Corps 
                pursuant to subparagraph (A) shall retain the grade and 
                date of obtaining such grade that the individual person 
                had before the date of the transfer unless otherwise 
                altered or terminated in accordance with law.
            (2) Transfer of functions.--Except as otherwise directed by 
        the Secretary of Defense, all functions, assets, and 
        obligations of the space elements of the Air Force (including 
        all property, records, installations, activities, facilities, 
        agencies, and projects of such elements) shall be transferred 
        to the Space Corps.
    (b) Conforming Repeal.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 135 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by striking section 2279c.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by striking the item 
        relating to section 2279c.
            (3) Effective date.--The amendments made by paragraphs (1) 
        and (2) shall take effect on the date on which the transition 
        period terminates, as determined by the Secretary of Defense in 
        accordance with subsection (c), which date shall be not later 
        than December 30, 2023.
    (c) Notice to Congress.--Not later than 30 days before the date on 
which the transition period terminates, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a certification that 
identifies the date on which transition period will terminate.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered military personnel'' means 
        commissioned officers and enlisted members of the space 
        elements of the Air Force who are assigned to such elements as 
        of the date on which such officers and members are transferred 
        under subsection (a)(1).
            (2) The term ``transition period'' means a period 
        prescribed by the Secretary of Defense that--
                    (A) begins on January 1, 2021; and
                    (B) ends not later than December 30, 2023.

SEC. 923. REPORTS ON SPACE CORPS.

    (a) Report on Structure of Space Corps.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a report that includes a 
        detailed plan for the organizational structure of the Space 
        Corps.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall include--
                    (A) a detailed description of the structure and 
                organizational elements required for the Space Corps to 
                perform its mission;
                    (B) a detailed description of the organization and 
                staff required to support the Commandant of the Space 
                Corps;
                    (C) a detailed explanation of how establishment of 
                the Space Corps is expected to affect the composition 
                and function of the space elements of the Armed Forces;
                    (D) a description of how the Space Corps will be 
                organized, trained, and equipped;
                    (E) a description of how the Space Corps will 
                exercise acquisition authorities;
                    (F) a description of how the Space Corps will 
                coordinate with the United States Space Command, the 
                Space Development Agency, and other space elements of 
                the Armed Forces; and
                    (G) any other matters determined to be appropriate 
                by the Secretary.
    (b) Report on Military Personnel.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a report on the military 
        personnel requirements of the Space Corps.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall include--
                    (A) a detailed plan setting forth--
                            (i) the proposed military personnel 
                        composition and structure of the Space Corps; 
                        and
                            (ii) plans for the transfer or reassignment 
                        of military personnel from the space elements 
                        of the Armed Forces to the Space Corps;
                    (B) the number of officer and enlisted personnel to 
                be transferred or reassigned to the Space Corps by 
                functional area;
                    (C) a detailed description of the billet 
                requirements for the Space Corps, including the staff 
                organizational and rank structure; and
                    (D) the number of additional officer and enlisted 
                billets that will be required for the Space Corps and a 
                description of such billets.
    (c) Report on Civilian Personnel.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a report on the civilian 
        personnel requirements of the Space Corps.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall include--
                    (A) an assessment of the projected size of the 
                civilian workforce of the Space Corps in fiscal year 
                2021 and in each fiscal year covered by the most recent 
                future-years defense program submitted to Congress 
                under section 221 of title 10, United States Code;
                    (B) a detailed explanation of any projected changes 
                to the size of the civilian workforce of the Space 
                Corps from year-to-year; and
                    (C) a detailed plan for the transfer of civilian 
                personnel from the space elements of the Armed Forces 
                to the Space Corps.
    (d) Report on Transfer of Functions and Assets.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a report that includes a 
        detailed plan for the transfer of the functions, assets, and 
        obligations of the space elements of the Armed Forces 
        (including any property, records, installations, activities, 
        facilities, agencies, and projects of such elements) to the 
        Space Corps in accordance with section 922.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall include--
                    (A) a detailed list of the functions and assets to 
                be transferred;
                    (B) a justification for each transfer proposed to 
                be made under subparagraph (A);
                    (C) the location and value of each item proposed to 
                be transferred under subparagraph (A); and
                    (D) the date on which each item is expected to be 
                transferred.
    (e) Report on Funding Requirements.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a report on the funding 
        requirements for the Space Corps.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall include a detailed estimate of the funding that will be 
        required to establish the Space Corps and to conduct the 
        activities and operations of the Corps, including estimated 
        expenditures and proposed appropriations for each of fiscal 
        years 2021 through 2025 as follows:
                    (A) With respect to procurement accounts--
                            (i) amounts displayed by account, budget 
                        activity, line number, line item, and line item 
                        title; and
                            (ii) a description of the requirements for 
                        each such amount specific to the Space Corps.
                    (B) With respect to research, development, test, 
                and evaluation accounts--
                            (i) amounts displayed by account, budget 
                        activity, line number, program element, and 
                        program element title; and
                            (ii) a description of the requirements for 
                        each such amount specific to the Space Corps.
                    (C) With respect to operation and maintenance 
                accounts--
                            (i) amounts displayed by account title, 
                        budget activity title, line number, and sub-
                        activity group title; and
                            (ii) a description of how such amounts will 
                        specifically be used.
                    (D) With respect to military personnel accounts--
                            (i) amounts displayed by account, budget 
                        activity, budget sub-activity, and budget sub-
                        activity title; and
                            (ii) a description of the requirements for 
                        each such amount specific to the Space Corps.
                    (E) With respect to each project under military 
                construction accounts (including with respect to 
                unspecified minor military construction and amounts for 
                planning and design), the country, location, project 
                title, and project amount by fiscal year.
                    (F) With respect to any expenditures and proposed 
                appropriations not included the materials submitted 
                under subparagraphs (A) through (E), an explanation 
                with a level of detail equivalent to or greater than 
                the level of detail provided in the future-years 
                defense program submitted to Congress under section 221 
                of title 10, United States Code.
            (3) Form of report.--The report required by paragraph (1) 
        shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
        classified annex.
    (f) Deadline for Submittal.--Each of the reports required under 
subsections (a) through (e) shall be submitted to the congressional 
defense committees not later than February 1, 2020.

SEC. 924. SPACE NATIONAL GUARD.

    The Secretary of Defense may not transfer any personnel or 
resources from any reserve components, including the National Guard, to 
the Space Corps established by section 921 until the date on which a 
Space National Guard of the United States has been established by law.

SEC. 925. EFFECTS ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

    Nothing in this part, or the amendments made by this part, shall be 
construed to authorize or require the relocation of any facility, 
infrastructure, or military installation of the Air Force.

                      PART II--OTHER SPACE MATTERS

SEC. 931. UNITED STATES SPACE COMMAND.

    (a) Restoration of General Authority for Establishment of Unified 
Command.--
            (1) In general.--Section 169 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is repealed.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 6 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking the item relating to section 169.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 2273a(d)(3) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``The Commander of the United 
States Strategic Command, acting through the United States Space 
Command,'' and inserting ``The Commander of the United States Space 
Command, or, if no such command exists, the Commander of the United 
States Strategic Command,''.

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

SEC. 1001. GENERAL TRANSFER AUTHORITY.

    (a) Authority to Transfer Authorizations.--
            (1) Authority.--Upon determination by the Secretary of 
        Defense that such action is necessary in the national interest, 
        the Secretary may transfer amounts of authorizations made 
        available to the Department of Defense in this division for 
        fiscal year 2019 between any such authorizations for that 
        fiscal year (or any subdivisions thereof). Amounts of 
        authorizations so transferred shall be merged with and be 
        available for the same purposes as the authorization to which 
        transferred.
            (2) Limitation.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), the 
        total amount of authorizations that the Secretary may transfer 
        under the authority of this section may not exceed 
        $1,000,000,000.
            (3) Exception for transfers between military personnel 
        authorizations.--A transfer of funds between military personnel 
        authorizations under title IV shall not be counted toward the 
        dollar limitation in paragraph (2).
    (b) Limitations.--The authority provided by subsection (a) to 
transfer authorizations--
            (1) may only be used to provide authority for items that 
        have a higher priority than the items from which authority is 
        transferred; and
            (2) may not be used to provide authority for an item that 
        has been denied authorization by Congress.
    (c) Additional Limitation on Transfers for Drug Interdiction and 
Counter Drug Activities.--The authority provided by subsection (a) may 
not be used to transfer any amount to Drug Interdiction and Counter 
Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
    (d) Effect on Authorization Amounts.--A transfer made from one 
account to another under the authority of this section shall be deemed 
to increase the amount authorized for the account to which the amount 
is transferred by an amount equal to the amount transferred.
    (e) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary shall promptly notify 
Congress of each transfer made under subsection (a).
    (f) Certification Requirement.--The authority to transfer any 
authorization under this section may not be used until the Secretary of 
Defense and the head of each entity affected by such transfer submits 
to the congressional defense committees certification in writing that--
            (1) the amount transferred will be used for higher priority 
        items, based on unforeseen military requirements, than the 
        items from which authority is transferred; and
            (2) the amount transferred will not be used for any item 
        for which funds have been denied authorization by Congress.

SEC. 1002. ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR ANNUAL REPORT AND BRIEFING ON 
              FINANCIAL IMPROVEMENT AND AUDIT REMEDIATION PLAN.

    Section 240b(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(B)(iv), by adding at the end the 
        following new subclause:
                                    ``(IV) A current accounting of the 
                                defense business systems of the 
                                Department of Defense that will be 
                                introduced, replaced, updated, 
                                modified, or retired in connection with 
                                the audit of the full financial 
                                statements of the Department, including 
                                a comprehensive roadmap that displays--
                                            ``(aa) in-service, 
                                        retirement, and other pertinent 
                                        dates for affected defense 
                                        business systems;
                                            ``(bb) current cost-to-
                                        complete estimates for each 
                                        affected system; and
                                            ``(cc) dependencies both 
                                        between the various defense 
                                        business systems and between 
                                        the introduction, replacement, 
                                        update, modification, and 
                                        retirement of such systems.'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end the following 
        new sentence: ``Such briefing shall also include a description 
        of any updates to the defense business systems roadmap referred 
        to in paragraph (1)(B)(iv)(IV).''; and
            (3) by amending paragraph (3) to read as follows:
            ``(3) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    ``(A) The term `critical capabilities' means the 
                critical capabilities described in the Department of 
                Defense report titled `Financial Improvement and Audit 
                Readiness (FIAR) Plan Status Report' and dated May 
                2016.
                    ``(B) The term `defense business system' has the 
                meaning given such term in section 2222(i)(1)(A) of 
                this title.''.

SEC. 1003. FINANCIAL IMPROVEMENT AND AUDIT REMEDIATION PLAN.

    (a) Elements of Annual Report.--Subsection (b)(1)(B) of section 
240b of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in clause (vii)--
                    (A) by striking ``or if less than 50 percent of the 
                audit remediation services''; and
                    (B) by striking ``and audit remediation 
                activities''; and
            (2) in clause (viii), by striking ``or if less than 25 
        percent of the audit remediation services''.
    (b) Semiannual Briefings.--Subsection (b)(2) of such section is 
amended by striking ``or audit remediation''.
    (c) Audit Remediation Services.--Subsection (b) of such section is 
further amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by adding at the end the following 
        new clauses:
                            ``(ix) If less than 50 percent of the audit 
                        remediation services under contract, as 
                        described in the briefing required under 
                        paragraph (2)(B), are being performed by 
                        individual professionals meeting the 
                        qualifications described in suhsection (c), a 
                        detailed description of the risks associated 
                        with the risks of the acquisition strategy of 
                        the Department with respect to conducting audit 
                        remediation activities and an explanation of 
                        how the strategy complies with the policies 
                        expressed by Congress.
                            ``(x) If less than 25 percent of the audit 
                        remediation services under contract, as 
                        described in the briefing required under 
                        paragraph (2)(B), are being performed by 
                        individual professionals meeting the 
                        qualifications described in subsection (c), a 
                        written certification that the staffing ratio 
                        complies with commercial best practices and 
                        presents no increased risk of delay in the 
                        Department's ability to achieve a clean audit 
                        opinion.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``Not later'' and inserting ``(A) 
                Not later''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
            ``(B) Not later than January 31 and June 30 each year, the 
        Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) and the comptrollers 
        of the military departments shall provide a briefing to the 
        congressional defense committees on the status of the 
        corrective action plan. Such briefing shall include both the 
        absolute number and percentage of personnel performing the 
        amount of audit remediation services being performed by 
        professionals meeting the qualifications described in 
        subsection (c).''.
    (d) Selection of Audit Remediation Services.--Such section is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Selection of Audit Remediation Services.--The selection of 
audit remediation service providers shall be based, among other 
appropriate criteria, on qualifications, relevant experience, and 
capacity to develop and implement corrective action plans to address 
internal control and compliance deficiencies identified during a 
financial statement or program audit.''.

SEC. 1004. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              AUDITS.

    (a) Annual Report.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 9A of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 240g. Annual report on auditable financial statements
    ``(a) In General.--Not later than January 30 of each year, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report ranking each of the military departments and 
Defense Agencies in order of how advanced they are in achieving 
auditable financial statements as required by law. In preparing the 
report, the Secretary shall seek to exclude information that is 
otherwise available in other reports to Congress.
    ``(b) Bottom Quartile.--Not later than June 30 of each year, the 
head of each of the military departments and Defense Agencies that were 
ranked in the bottom quartile of the report submitted under subsection 
(a) for that year shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
a report that includes the following information for that military 
department or Defense Agency:
            ``(1) A description of the material weaknesses of the 
        military department or Defense Agency.
            ``(2) The underlying causes of such weaknesses.
            ``(3) A plan for remediating such weaknesses.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new item:

``240g. Annual report on auditable financial statements.''.
    (b) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
appropriated or otherwise made available by this Act for travel of 
persons for the head of a military department or Defense Agency 
described in subsection (b) of section 240g of title 10, United States 
Code, as added by subsection (a), for fiscal year 2020, not more than 
80 percent may be obligated or expended before the submittal of the 
report required under that subsection for that military department or 
Defense Agency.
    (c) Plan for Achieving Unmodified Audit Opinion on Consolidated 
Audit.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        containing the plan of the Secretary for achieving an 
        unmodified audit opinion of the Department of Defense-wide 
        consolidated audit by not later than five years after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Limitation on use of funds.--Of the amounts authorized 
        to be appropriated or otherwise made available by this Act for 
        Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide, Office of the 
        Secretary of Defense, for Travel of Persons for fiscal year 
        2020, not more than 70 percent may be obligated or expended 
        before the date on which the Secretary submits the report 
        required under paragraph (1).

SEC. 1005. ANNUAL BUDGET JUSTIFICATION DISPLAY FOR SERVICE-COMMON AND 
              OTHER SUPPORT AND ENABLING CAPABILITIES FOR SPECIAL 
              OPERATIONS FORCES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 9 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 225 the following new section:
``Sec. 226. Special operations forces: display of service-common and 
              other support and enabling capabilities
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall include, in the budget 
materials submitted to Congress under section 1105 of title 31 for 
fiscal year 2021 and any subsequent fiscal year, a consolidated budget 
justification display showing service-common and other support and 
enabling capabilities for special operations forces requested by a 
military service or Defense Agency. Such budget justification display 
shall include any amount for service-common or other capability 
development and acquisition, training, operations, pay, base operations 
sustainment, and other common services and support.
    ``(b) Service-common and Other Support and Enabling Capabilities.--
In this section, the term `service-common and other support and 
enabling capabilities' means capabilities provided in support of 
special operations that are not reflected in Major Force Program-11 or 
designated as special operations forces-peculiar.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
225 the following new item:

``226. Special operations forces: display of service-common programs 
                            and activities.''.

SEC. 1006. DETERMINATION OF BUDGETARY EFFECTS.

    The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purpose of complying 
with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by 
reference to the latest statement titled ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO 
Legislation'' for this Act, submitted for printing in the Congressional 
Record by the Chairman of the House Budget Committee, provided that 
such statement has been submitted prior to the vote on passage.

SEC. 1007. INDEPENDENT PUBLIC ACCOUNTANT AUDIT OF FINANCIAL SYSTEMS OF 
              THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that each major 
implementation of, or modification to, a financial system of the 
Department of Defense is reviewed by an independent public accountant 
to validate that such financial system will meet any applicable Federal 
requirements.

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

SEC. 1011. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE SUPPORT TO OTHER 
              AGENCIES FOR COUNTERDRUG ACTIVITIES AND ACTIVITIES TO 
              COUNTER TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME.

    (a) Types of Support.--Paragraph (7) of subsection (b) of section 
284 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``and fences''; and
            (2) by striking ``to block'' and inserting ``along''.
    (b) Congressional Notification.--Subsection (h)(1) of such section 
is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as 
        subparagraphs (B) and (C), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting before subparagraph (B), as so 
        redesignated, the following new subparagraph (A):
                    ``(A) In case of support for a purpose described in 
                subsection (b)--
                            ``(i) an identification of the recipient of 
                        the support;
                            ``(ii) a description of the support 
                        provided;
                            ``(iii) a description of the sources and 
                        amounts of funds used to provide such support;
                            ``(iv) a description of the amount of funds 
                        obligated to provide such support;
                            ``(v) an assessment of the efficacy and 
                        cost-effectiveness of such support in advancing 
                        the objectives and strategy of the department 
                        or agency to which the support will be 
                        provided;
                            ``(vi) any document describing a request 
                        for assistance from any other department or 
                        agency of the United States and any response to 
                        such a request from another department or 
                        agency of the United States to which support 
                        will be provided; and
                            ``(vii) in the case of any support for a 
                        purpose described under subsection (b)(7), 
                        metrics and analysis that establish that an 
                        area is a drug smuggling corridor.''.

SEC. 1012. TECHNICAL CORRECTION AND EXTENSION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENT 
              REGARDING ENHANCEMENT OF INFORMATION SHARING AND 
              COORDINATION OF MILITARY TRAINING BETWEEN DEPARTMENT OF 
              HOMELAND SECURITY AND DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    Section 1014 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``section 371 of title 10, United States 
        Code'' each place it appears and inserting ``section 271 of 
        title 10, United States Code'';