Text: H.R.2741 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (05/15/2019)

 
[Congressional Bills 116th Congress]
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[H.R. 2741 Introduced in House (IH)]

<DOC>






116th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 2741

 To rebuild and modernize the Nation's infrastructure to expand access 
  to broadband and Next Generation 9-1-1, rehabilitate drinking water 
     infrastructure, modernize the electric grid and energy supply 
     infrastructure, redevelop brownfields, strengthen health care 
    infrastructure, create jobs, and protect public health and the 
                  environment, and for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                              May 15, 2019

Mr. Pallone (for himself, Mr. Rush, Ms. Eshoo, Mr. Engel, Ms. DeGette, 
Mr. Michael F. Doyle of Pennsylvania, Ms. Schakowsky, Mr. Butterfield, 
  Ms. Matsui, Ms. Castor of Florida, Mr. Sarbanes, Mr. McNerney, Mr. 
Welch, Mr. Lujan, Mr. Tonko, Ms. Clarke of New York, Mr. Loebsack, Mr. 
    Schrader, Mr. Kennedy, Mr. Cardenas, Mr. Ruiz, Mr. Peters, Mrs. 
    Dingell, Mr. Veasey, Ms. Kuster of New Hampshire, Ms. Kelly of 
 Illinois, Ms. Barragan, Mr. McEachin, Ms. Blunt Rochester, Mr. Soto, 
 and Mr. O'Halleran) introduced the following bill; which was referred 
    to the Committee on Energy and Commerce, and in addition to the 
 Committees on Natural Resources, Science, Space, and Technology, Ways 
and Means, Transportation and Infrastructure, and Education and Labor, 
for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case 
for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of 
                        the committee concerned

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
 To rebuild and modernize the Nation's infrastructure to expand access 
  to broadband and Next Generation 9-1-1, rehabilitate drinking water 
     infrastructure, modernize the electric grid and energy supply 
     infrastructure, redevelop brownfields, strengthen health care 
    infrastructure, create jobs, and protect public health and the 
                  environment, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Leading 
Infrastructure for Tomorrow's America Act''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
      TITLE I--BROADBAND AND NEXT GENERATION 9-1-1 INFRASTRUCTURE

         Subtitle A--Broadband Internet Access Service Program

Sec. 11001. Expansion of broadband access.
                   Subtitle B--Next Generation 9-1-1

Sec. 12001. Short title.
Sec. 12002. Findings.
Sec. 12003. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 12004. Statement of policy.
Sec. 12005. Coordination of Next Generation 9-1-1 implementation.
Sec. 12006. Savings provision.
      Subtitle C--Broadband Infrastructure Finance and Innovation

Sec. 13001. Short title.
Sec. 13002. Definitions.
Sec. 13003. Determination of eligibility and project selection.
Sec. 13004. Secured loans.
Sec. 13005. Lines of credit.
Sec. 13006. Alternative prudential lending standards for small 
                            projects.
Sec. 13007. Program administration.
Sec. 13008. State and local permits.
Sec. 13009. Regulations.
Sec. 13010. Funding.
Sec. 13011. Reports to Congress.
                TITLE II--DRINKING WATER INFRASTRUCTURE

             Subtitle A--PFAS Infrastructure Grant Program

Sec. 21001. Short title.
Sec. 21002. Establishment of PFAS Infrastructure Grant Program.
Sec. 21003. Definition.
                         Subtitle B--Extensions

Sec. 22001. Funding.
Sec. 22002. American iron and steel products.
                 TITLE III--CLEAN ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE

              Subtitle A--Grid Security and Modernization

Part 1--Enhancing Electric Infrastructure Resilience, Reliability, and 
                            Energy Security

Sec. 31101. Program to enhance electric infrastructure resilience, 
                            reliability, and energy security.
                    Part 2--21st Century Power Grid

Sec. 31201. Grant program for grid modernization projects.
Sec. 31202. Interregional transmission planning report.
          Part 3--Energy Efficient Transformer Rebate Program

Sec. 31301. Energy Efficient Transformer Rebate Program.
             Part 4--Strategic Transformer Reserve Program

Sec. 31401. Strategic Transformer Reserve Program.
              Subtitle B--Energy Efficient Infrastructure

       Part 1--Efficiency Grants for State and Local Governments

Sec. 32101. Energy efficient public buildings.
Sec. 32102. Energy efficiency and conservation block grant program.
                  Part 2--Smart Building Acceleration

Sec. 32201. Short title.
Sec. 32202. Findings.
Sec. 32203. Definitions.
Sec. 32204. Federal smart building program.
Sec. 32205. Survey of private sector smart buildings.
Sec. 32206. Leveraging existing programs.
Sec. 32207. Report.
               Part 3--Weatherization Assistance Program

Sec. 32301. Short title.
Sec. 32302. Weatherization assistance program.
Sec. 32303. Report on waivers.
               Part 4--Smart Energy and Water Efficiency

Sec. 32401. Short title.
Sec. 32402. Smart energy and water efficiency program.
 Part 5--Accelerated Adoption of Energy Efficient Engines and Vehicles

Sec. 32501. Reauthorization of diesel emissions reduction program.
Sec. 32502. Reauthorization of clean school buses program.
        Part 6--Energy Improvements at Public School Facilities

Sec. 32601. Grants for energy efficiency improvements and renewable 
                            energy improvements at public school 
                            facilities.
               Part 7--Homeowner Managing Energy Savings

Sec. 32701. Short title.
Sec. 32702. Definitions.
Sec. 32703. Home Energy Savings Retrofit Rebate Program.
Sec. 32704. Contractors.
Sec. 32705. Rebate aggregators.
Sec. 32706. Quality assurance providers.
Sec. 32707. Transferability of home energy savings rebate.
Sec. 32708. Home Energy Savings Retrofit Rebate Program.
Sec. 32709. Grants to States and Indian Tribes.
Sec. 32710. Quality assurance program.
Sec. 32711. Evaluation report to Congress.
Sec. 32712. Administration.
Sec. 32713. Treatment of rebates.
Sec. 32714. Penalties.
Sec. 32715. Funding.
Sec. 32716. Pilot program.
                Subtitle C--Energy Supply Infrastructure

                        Part 1--Low-Income Solar

Sec. 33101. Short title.
Sec. 33102. Loan and grant program for solar installations in low-
                            income and underserved areas.
    Part 2--Safe, Affordable, and Environmentally Sound Natural Gas 
                              Distribution

Sec. 33201. Improving the natural gas distribution system.
                Part 3--Clean Distributed Energy Program

Sec. 33301. Short title.
Sec. 33302. Definitions.
Sec. 33303. Distributed energy loan program.
Sec. 33304. Technical assistance and grant program.
            Part 4--Strategic Petroleum Reserve Improvements

Sec. 33401. Strategic Petroleum Reserve improvements.
                    Part 5--Refined Product Reserves

Sec. 33501. Refined product reserves.
          Part 6--Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy

Sec. 33601. Amendment to reauthorize programs to assist Indian Tribes.
              Subtitle D--Smart Communities Infrastructure

                       Part 1--Smart Communities

Sec. 34101. 3C Energy Program.
Sec. 34102. Federal technology assistance.
Sec. 34103. Technology demonstration grant program.
Sec. 34104. Smart city or community.
                 Part 2--Clean Cities Coalition Program

Sec. 34201. Clean Cities Coalition Network program.
                Part 3--Electric Vehicle Infrastructure

Sec. 34301. Statement of national policy.
Sec. 34302. Definitions.
Sec. 34303. Model building code for electric vehicle supply equipment.
Sec. 34304. Utility electric vehicle charging programs.
Sec. 34305. State transportation electrification planning grants.
Sec. 34306. Electric vehicle supply equipment coordination.
Sec. 34307. Authorization of appropriations.
                  TITLE IV--HEALTH CARE INFRASTRUCTURE

                  Subtitle A--Hospital Infrastructure

Sec. 41001. Hospital infrastructure.
      Subtitle B--Indian Health Program Health Care Infrastructure

Sec. 42001. 21st century Indian health program hospitals and outpatient 
                            health care facilities.
                 Subtitle C--Laboratory Infrastructure

Sec. 43001. Pilot program to improve laboratory infrastructure.
            Subtitle D--Community-Based Care Infrastructure

Sec. 44001. Pilot program to improve community-based care 
                            infrastructure.
                Subtitle E--Public Health Infrastructure

Sec. 45001. Public health data system transformation.
Sec. 45002. Core public health infrastructure for State, local, and 
                            Tribal health departments.
Sec. 45003. Core public health infrastructure and activities for CDC.
                   TITLE V--BROWNFIELDS REDEVELOPMENT

Sec. 50001. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 50002. State response programs.

      TITLE I--BROADBAND AND NEXT GENERATION 9-1-1 INFRASTRUCTURE

         Subtitle A--Broadband Internet Access Service Program

SEC. 11001. EXPANSION OF BROADBAND ACCESS.

    Title I of the Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 151 et seq.) 
is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``SEC. 14. EXPANSION OF BROADBAND ACCESS.

    ``(a) Program Established.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this section, the Commission, in consultation with 
the Assistant Secretary, shall establish a program to expand access to 
broadband for unserved areas, underserved areas, and unserved anchor 
institutions in accordance with the requirements of this section that--
            ``(1) is separate from any universal service program 
        established pursuant to section 254; and
            ``(2) does not require funding recipients to be designated 
        as eligible telecommunications carriers under section 214(e).
    ``(b) Use of Program Funds.--
            ``(1) Expanding access to broadband through national 
        reverse auction.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
        the enactment of this section, the Commission shall award 75 
        percent of the amounts appropriated under subsection (h) 
        through a national reverse auction to funding recipients only 
        to expand access to broadband in unserved areas.
            ``(2) Expanding access to broadband through states.--
                    ``(A) Distribution of funds to states.--Not later 
                than 255 days after the date of the enactment of this 
                section, the Commission shall distribute 25 percent of 
                the amounts appropriated under subsection (h) among the 
                States, in direct proportion to the population of each 
                State.
                    ``(B) Public notice.--Not later than 195 days after 
                the date of the enactment of this section, the 
                Commission shall issue a public notice informing each 
                State and the public of the amounts to be distributed 
                under this paragraph. The notice shall include--
                            ``(i) the manner in which a State shall 
                        inform the Commission of that State's 
                        acceptance or acceptance in part of the amounts 
                        to be distributed under this paragraph;
                            ``(ii) the date (which is 30 days after the 
                        date on which the public notice is issued) by 
                        which such acceptance or acceptance in part is 
                        due; and
                            ``(iii) the requirements as set forth under 
                        this section and as may be further prescribed 
                        by the Commission.
                    ``(C) Acceptance by states.--Not later than 30 days 
                after the date on which the public notice is issued 
                under subparagraph (B), each State accepting amounts to 
                be distributed under this paragraph shall inform the 
                Commission of the acceptance or acceptance in part by 
                the State of the amounts to be distributed under this 
                paragraph in the manner described by the Commission in 
                the public notice.
                    ``(D) Requirements for state receipt of amounts 
                distributed.--Each State accepting amounts distributed 
                under this paragraph--
                            ``(i) shall only award such amounts through 
                        a statewide reverse auction or auctions, in the 
                        manner prescribed by the State but subject to 
                        the requirements as set forth under this 
                        section and as may be further prescribed by the 
                        Commission;
                            ``(ii) shall make such awards only--
                                    ``(I) to funding recipients to 
                                expand access to broadband in unserved 
                                areas;
                                    ``(II) to funding recipients to 
                                expand access to broadband to unserved 
                                anchor institutions; or
                                    ``(III) to funding recipients to 
                                expand access to broadband in 
                                underserved areas, but only if a State 
                                does not have, or no longer has, any 
                                unserved areas;
                            ``(iii) shall conduct separate reverse 
                        auctions for awards made to unserved anchor 
                        institutions under clause (ii)(II), if a State 
                        awards any funding provided by this section to 
                        unserved anchor institutions;
                            ``(iv) shall return any unused portion of 
                        such amounts to the Commission within 10 years 
                        after the date of the enactment of this section 
                        and shall submit a certification to the 
                        Commission before receiving such amounts that 
                        the State will return such amounts; and
                            ``(v) may not use more than 5 percent of 
                        the amounts distributed under this paragraph to 
                        administer a reverse auction or auctions 
                        authorized by this paragraph.
                    ``(E) Distribution of remaining funds.--In the case 
                of any amounts remaining after the amounts appropriated 
                are distributed as described in subparagraph (A), the 
                Commission shall transfer such amounts to the grant 
                program established under section 159 of the National 
                Telecommunications and Information Administration 
                Organization Act.
            ``(3) Coordination of federal and state funding.--The 
        Commission shall establish processes through the rulemaking 
        under subsection (e) to--
                    ``(A) enable States to conduct statewide reverse 
                auctions as part of, or in coordination with, the 
                national reverse auction;
                    ``(B) assist States in conducting statewide reverse 
                auctions;
                    ``(C) coordinate with States to ensure that program 
                funds awarded by the Commission and program funds 
                awarded by the States are not used to expand access to 
                broadband in the same unserved areas; and
                    ``(D) coordinate with other Federal programs that 
                expand access to broadband, such as the Connect America 
                Fund or the Broadband e-Connectivity Pilot Program, to 
                ensure the efficient use of program funds.
    ``(c) Program Requirements.--
            ``(1) Technology neutrality required.--Any entity 
        administering a reverse auction (either the State or the 
        Commission) in making awards may not favor a project using any 
        particular technology.
            ``(2) Funds preference.--There shall be a preference, as 
        determined by the entity administering the reverse auction 
        (either the State or the Commission), for bidders in a reverse 
        auction proposing projects--
                    ``(A) with at least 20 percent matching funds from 
                private sources;
                    ``(B) that would expand access to broadband on 
                tribal lands, as defined by the Commission;
                    ``(C) that would provide higher speeds than those 
                specified in subsection (d)(2);
                    ``(D) that would expand access to broadband in 
                advance of the time specified in subsection (e)(5); or
                    ``(E) that would expand access to broadband to 
                areas where the median household income is below 150 
                percent of the poverty threshold as defined by the 
                Bureau of the Census.
            ``(3) Unserved and underserved areas.--In determining 
        whether an area is an unserved area or an underserved area or 
        whether an anchor institution is an unserved anchor institution 
        for any reverse auction authorized under this section, the 
        Commission shall implement the following requirements through 
        the rulemaking described in subsection (e):
                    ``(A) Data for initial determination.--To make an 
                initial determination as to whether an area is an 
                unserved area or an underserved area or whether an 
                anchor institution is an unserved anchor institution, 
                the Commission shall--
                            ``(i) to the extent practicable, use the 
                        National Broadband Availability Map, updated 
                        pursuant to the Consolidated Appropriations 
                        Act, 2018 (Public Law 115-141);
                            ``(ii) consider other data on access to 
                        broadband obtained or purchased by the 
                        Commission;
                            ``(iii) consider other publicly available 
                        data or information on access to broadband;
                            ``(iv) consider other publicly available 
                        data or information on State broadband 
                        deployment programs; and
                            ``(v) not determine an area is not an 
                        unserved area or an underserved area on the 
                        basis that one location within such area does 
                        not meet the definition of an unserved area or 
                        an underserved area.
                    ``(B) Initial determination.--The Commission shall 
                make an initial determination of the areas that are 
                unserved areas or underserved areas and which anchor 
                institutions are unserved anchor institutions not later 
                than 270 days after the date of the enactment of this 
                section.
                    ``(C) Challenge of determination.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Commission shall 
                        provide for a process for challenging any 
                        initial determination regarding whether an area 
                        is an unserved area or an underserved area or 
                        whether an anchor institution is an unserved 
                        anchor institution that, at a minimum, provides 
                        not less than 45 days for a person to 
                        voluntarily submit information concerning--
                                    ``(I) the broadband offered in the 
                                area; or
                                    ``(II) the broadband offered to the 
                                anchor institution.
                            ``(ii) Streamlined process.--The Commission 
                        shall ensure that such process is sufficiently 
                        streamlined such that a reasonably prudent 
                        person may easily participate to challenge such 
                        initial determination with little burden on 
                        such person.
                    ``(D) Final determination.--The Commission shall 
                make a final determination of the areas that are 
                unserved areas or underserved areas and which anchor 
                institutions are unserved anchor institutions within 1 
                year after the date of the enactment of this section.
            ``(4) Notice, transparency, accountability, and oversight 
        required.--The program shall contain sufficient notice, 
        transparency, accountability, and oversight measures to provide 
        the public with notice of the assistance provided under this 
        section, and to deter waste, fraud, and abuse of program funds.
            ``(5) Competence.--The program shall contain sufficient 
        processes and requirements, as established by the entity 
        administering the reverse auction (either the State or the 
        Commission), to ensure funding recipients participating in such 
        a reverse auction--
                    ``(A) are capable of carrying out the project in a 
                competent manner in compliance with all applicable 
                Federal, State, and local laws; and
                    ``(B) have the financial capacity to meet the 
                buildout obligations of the project and requirements as 
                set forth under this section and as may be further 
                prescribed by the Commission.
            ``(6) Contracting requirements.--Any laborer or mechanic 
        employed by any contractor or subcontractor in the performance 
        of work on any project under this section shall be paid wages 
        at rates not less than those prevailing on similar construction 
        in the locality as determined by the Secretary of Labor under 
        subchapter IV of chapter 31 of title 40, United States Code 
        (commonly referred to as the Davis-Bacon Act).
    ``(d) Project Requirements.--Any project funded through the program 
shall meet the following requirements:
            ``(1) The project shall adhere to quality-of-service 
        standards as established by the Commission.
            ``(2) The project shall offer broadband with a download 
        speed of at least 100 megabits per second, an upload speed of 
        at least 20 megabits per second, and a latency that is 
        sufficiently low to allow real-time, interactive applications.
            ``(3) For any project that involves laying fiber-optic 
        cables along a roadway, the project shall include interspersed 
        conduit access points at regular and short intervals.
            ``(4) The project may not offer broadband that does not, at 
        a minimum, provide a download speed of at least 25 megabits per 
        second, an upload speed of at least 3 megabits per second, and 
        a latency that is sufficiently low to allow real-time, 
        interactive applications.
            ``(5) The project shall incorporate prudent cybersecurity 
        and supply chain risk management practices, as specified by the 
        Commission, through the rulemaking described in subsection (e), 
        in consultation with the Director of the National Institute of 
        Standards and Technology and the Assistant Secretary.
            ``(6) The project shall incorporate best practices, as 
        defined by the Commission, for ensuring reliability and 
        resiliency of the network during disasters.
            ``(7) Any funding recipient must agree to have the project 
        meet the requirements established under section 224, as if the 
        project were classified as a `utility' under such section.
    ``(e) Rulemaking and Distribution and Award of Funds.--Not later 
than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this section, the 
Commission, in consultation with the Assistant Secretary, shall 
promulgate rules--
            ``(1) that implement the requirements of this section, as 
        appropriate, including the program requirements of subsections 
        (a), (b), and (c) and the project requirements of subsection 
        (d);
            ``(2) that establish the design of and rules for the 
        nationwide reverse auction;
            ``(3) that establish notice requirements for all reverse 
        auctions authorized under this section that, at a minimum, 
        provide the public with notice of--
                    ``(A) the initial determination of which areas are 
                unserved areas or underserved areas;
                    ``(B) the final determination of which areas are 
                unserved areas or underserved areas after the process 
                for challenging the initial determination has 
                concluded;
                    ``(C) which entities have applied to bid for 
                funding; and
                    ``(D) the results of any reverse auctions, 
                including identifying the funding recipients, which 
                areas each project will serve, the nature of the 
                service that will be provided by the project in each of 
                those areas, and how much funding the funding 
                recipients will receive in each of those areas;
            ``(4) that establish broadband buildout milestones and 
        periodic certification by funding recipients to ensure 
        compliance with the broadband buildout milestones for all 
        reverse auctions authorized under this section;
            ``(5) that establish a maximum buildout timeframe of four 
        years beginning on the date on which funding is provided under 
        this section for any project by a funding recipient for a 
        project under this section;
            ``(6) that establish periodic reporting requirements for 
        funding recipients of projects and that identify, at a minimum, 
        the nature of the service provided in each area for any reverse 
        auction authorized under this section;
            ``(7) that establish standard penalties for the 
        noncompliance of funding recipients or projects with the 
        requirements as set forth under this section and as may be 
        further prescribed by the Commission for any reverse auction 
        authorized under this section;
            ``(8) that establish procedures for recovery of funds, in 
        whole or in part, from funding recipients in the event of the 
        default or noncompliance of the funding recipient or project 
        with the requirements established under this section for any 
        reverse auction authorized under this section; and
            ``(9) that establish mechanisms to reduce waste, fraud, and 
        abuse within the program for any reverse auction authorized 
        under this section.
    ``(f) Reports Required.--
            ``(1) Inspector general and comptroller general report.--
        Not later than June 30 and December 31 of each year following 
        the awarding of the first funds under the program, the 
        Inspector General of the Commission and the Comptroller General 
        of the United States shall submit to the Committees on Energy 
        and Commerce of the House of Representatives and Commerce, 
        Science, and Transportation of the Senate a report for the 
        previous 6 months that reviews the program. Such report shall 
        include any recommendations to address waste, fraud, and abuse.
            ``(2) State reports.--Any State that receives funds under 
        the program shall submit an annual report to the Commission on 
        how such funds were spent, along with a certification of 
        compliance with the requirements as set forth under this 
        section and as may be further prescribed by the Commission, 
        including a description of each service provided and the number 
        of individuals to whom the service was provided.
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Anchor institution.--The term `anchor institution' 
        means a public or private school, a library, a medical or 
        healthcare provider, a museum, a public safety entity, public 
        housing, a community college, an institution of higher 
        education, or any other community support organization or 
        agency.
            ``(2) Area.--The term `area' means the geographic unit of 
        measurement with the greatest level of granularity reasonably 
        feasible for the Commission to use in making eligibility 
        determinations under this section and in meeting the 
        requirements and deadlines of this section.
            ``(3) Assistant secretary.--The term `Assistant Secretary' 
        means the Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Communications 
        and Information.
            ``(4) Broadband.--The term `broadband'--
                    ``(A) means broadband internet access service that 
                is a mass-market retail service, or a service provided 
                to an anchor institution, by wire or radio that 
                provides the capability to transmit data to and receive 
                data from all or substantially all internet endpoints, 
                including any capabilities that are incidental to and 
                enable the operation of the communications service;
                    ``(B) includes any service that is a functional 
                equivalent of the service described in subparagraph 
                (A); and
                    ``(C) does not include dial-up internet access 
                service.
            ``(5) Funding recipient.--The term `funding recipient' 
        means an entity that receives funding for a project under this 
        section.
            ``(6) Program.--Unless otherwise indicated, the term 
        `program' means the program established under subsection (a).
            ``(7) Project.--The term `project' means an undertaking by 
        a funding recipient under this section to construct and deploy 
        infrastructure for the provision of broadband.
            ``(8) Reverse auction.--The term `reverse auction' means an 
        auction in which bids are submitted for a particular project 
        and the bids serving the most locations for the lowest cost to 
        the entity administering the reverse auction (either the State 
        or the Commission), taking into consideration the funding 
        preferences in subsection (c)(2) are selected for funding.
            ``(9) Underserved area.--The term `underserved area' means 
        an area that has access to broadband offered--
                    ``(A) with a download speed of at least 25 megabits 
                per second and not more than 99 megabits per second;
                    ``(B) with an upload speed of at least 10 megabits 
                per second; and
                    ``(C) with latency that is sufficiently low to 
                allow real-time, interactive applications.
            ``(10) Unserved anchor institution.--The term `unserved 
        anchor institution' means an anchor institution that has no 
        access to broadband or does not have access to broadband 
        offered--
                    ``(A) with a download speed of at least 1 gigabit 
                per second;
                    ``(B) with an upload speed of at least 1 gigabit 
                per second; and
                    ``(C) with latency that is sufficiently low to 
                allow multiple, simultaneous, real-time, interactive 
                applications.
            ``(11) Unserved area.--The term `unserved area' means an 
        area that has no access to broadband or does not have access to 
        broadband offered--
                    ``(A) with a download speed of at least 25 megabits 
                per second;
                    ``(B) with an upload speed of at least 3 megabits 
                per second; and
                    ``(C) with latency that is sufficiently low to 
                allow real-time, interactive applications.
    ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to the Commission $40,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2020 to 
carry out the program and such amount is authorized to remain available 
for 10 years.''.

                   Subtitle B--Next Generation 9-1-1

SEC. 12001. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ``Next Generation 9-1-1 Act of 
2019''.

SEC. 12002. FINDINGS.

    Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The 9-1-1 systems of the United States, while a model 
        for the entire world, lack the advanced functionality, 
        interoperability, and capabilities that come with the adoption 
        of new digital communications technologies.
            (2) Communications technologies currently available to the 
        public, including first responders and other public safety 
        personnel, have substantially outpaced the legacy 
        communications technologies still used by most emergency 
        communications centers in the 9-1-1 systems of the United 
        States.
            (3) This lack of modern technology, when coupled with other 
        challenges, is impacting the ability of the 9-1-1 systems of 
        the United States to efficiently and effectively provide 
        responses to emergencies.
            (4) Modernizing the 9-1-1 systems of the United States to 
        incorporate the new and evolving capabilities of broadband 
        voice and data communications is essential for the safety and 
        security of the public, including first responders and other 
        public safety personnel.
            (5) Efforts to modernize the 9-1-1 systems of the United 
        States to date, while laudable and important, have been limited 
        due to a lack of funding and inconsistent or unclear policies 
        related to the governance, deployment, and operations of Next 
        Generation 9-1-1.
            (6) A nationwide strategy for Next Generation 9-1-1 has 
        become essential to help guide the transition and create a 
        common framework for implementation of Next Generation 9-1-1 
        while preserving State, regional, and local control over the 
        governance and technology choices of the 9-1-1 systems of the 
        United States.
            (7) Accelerated implementation of Next Generation 9-1-1 
        will--
                    (A) increase compatibility with emerging 
                communications trends;
                    (B) enhance the flexibility, reliability, and 
                survivability of the 9-1-1 systems of the United States 
                during major incidents;
                    (C) improve emergency response for the public, 
                including first responders and other public safety 
                personnel;
                    (D) promote the interoperability of the 9-1-1 
                systems of the United States with emergency response 
                providers including users of the Nationwide Public 
                Safety Broadband Network being deployed by the First 
                Responder Network Authority; and
                    (E) increase the cost effectiveness of operating 
                the 9-1-1 systems of the United States.

SEC. 12003. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the 9-1-1 professionals in the United States perform 
        important and lifesaving work every day, and need the tools and 
        communications technologies to perform the work effectively in 
        a world with digital communications technologies;
            (2) the transition from the legacy communications 
        technologies used in the 9-1-1 systems of the United States to 
        Next Generation 9-1-1 is a national priority and a national 
        imperative;
            (3) the United States should complete the transition 
        described in paragraph (2) as soon as practicable;
            (4) the United States should develop a nationwide framework 
        that facilitates cooperation among Federal, State, and local 
        officials on deployment of Next Generation 9-1-1 in order to 
        meet that goal;
            (5) the term ``Public Safety Answering Point'' becomes 
        outdated in a broadband environment and 9-1-1 centers are 
        increasingly and appropriately being referred to as emergency 
        communications centers; and
            (6) 9-1-1 authorities and emergency communications centers 
        should have sufficient resources to implement Next Generation 
        9-1-1, including resources to support associated geographic 
        information systems (commonly known as ``GIS''), and 
        cybersecurity measures.

SEC. 12004. STATEMENT OF POLICY.

    It is the policy of the United States that--
            (1) Next Generation 9-1-1 should be technologically and 
        competitively neutral;
            (2) Next Generation 9-1-1 should be interoperable;
            (3) the governance and control of the 9-1-1 systems of the 
        United States, including Next Generation 9-1-1, should remain 
        at the State, regional, and local level; and
            (4) individuals in the United States should receive 
        information on how to best utilize Next Generation 9-1-1 and on 
        its capabilities and usefulness.

SEC. 12005. COORDINATION OF NEXT GENERATION 9-1-1 IMPLEMENTATION.

    Part C of title I of the National Telecommunications and 
Information Administration Organization Act (47 U.S.C. 901 et seq.) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 159. COORDINATION OF NEXT GENERATION 9-1-1 IMPLEMENTATION.

    ``(a) Additional Functions of 9-1-1 Implementation Coordination 
Office.--
            ``(1) Authority.--The Office shall implement the provisions 
        of this section.
            ``(2) Management plan.--
                    ``(A) Development.--The Assistant Secretary and the 
                Administrator shall develop and may modify a management 
                plan for the grant program established under this 
                section, including by developing--
                            ``(i) plans related to the organizational 
                        structure of such program; and
                            ``(ii) funding profiles for each fiscal 
                        year of the duration of such program.
                    ``(B) Submission to congress.--Not later than 90 
                days after the date of the enactment of this section or 
                90 days after the date on which the plan is modified, 
                as applicable, the Assistant Secretary and the 
                Administrator shall submit the management plan 
                developed under subparagraph (A) to--
                            ``(i) the Committees on Commerce, Science, 
                        and Transportation and Appropriations of the 
                        Senate; and
                            ``(ii) the Committees on Energy and 
                        Commerce and Appropriations of the House of 
                        Representatives.
            ``(3) Purpose of office.--The Office shall--
                    ``(A) take actions, in concert with coordinators 
                designated in accordance with subsection (b)(3)(A)(ii), 
                to improve coordination and communication with respect 
                to the implementation of Next Generation 9-1-1;
                    ``(B) develop, collect, and disseminate information 
                concerning practices, procedures, and technology used 
                in the implementation of Next Generation 9-1-1;
                    ``(C) advise and assist eligible entities in the 
                preparation of implementation plans required under 
                subsection (b)(3)(A)(iii);
                    ``(D) receive, review, and recommend the approval 
                or disapproval of applications for grants under 
                subsection (b); and
                    ``(E) oversee the use of funds provided by such 
                grants in fulfilling such implementation plans.
            ``(4) Reports.--The Assistant Secretary and the 
        Administrator shall provide an annual report to Congress by the 
        first day of October of each year on the activities of the 
        Office to improve coordination and communication with respect 
        to the implementation of Next Generation 9-1-1.
    ``(b) Next Generation 9-1-1 Implementation Grants.--
            ``(1) Matching grants.--The Assistant Secretary and the 
        Administrator, acting through the Office, shall provide grants 
        to eligible entities for--
                    ``(A) the implementation of Next Generation 9-1-1;
                    ``(B) establishing and maintaining Next Generation 
                9-1-1;
                    ``(C) training directly related to Next Generation 
                9-1-1;
                    ``(D) public outreach and education on how best to 
                use Next Generation 9-1-1 and on its capabilities and 
                usefulness; and
                    ``(E) administrative costs associated with planning 
                and implementation of Next Generation 9-1-1, including 
                costs related to planning for and preparing an 
                application and related materials as required by this 
                section, if--
                            ``(i) such costs are fully documented in 
                        materials submitted to the Office; and
                            ``(ii) such costs are reasonable and 
                        necessary and do not exceed 5 percent of the 
                        total grant award.
            ``(2) Matching requirement.--The Federal share of the cost 
        of a project eligible for a grant under this section shall not 
        exceed 80 percent.
            ``(3) Coordination required.--In providing grants under 
        paragraph (1), the Assistant Secretary and the Administrator 
        shall require an eligible entity to certify in its application 
        that--
                    ``(A) in the case of an eligible entity that is a 
                State, the entity--
                            ``(i) has coordinated the application with 
                        the emergency communications centers located 
                        within the jurisdiction of such entity;
                            ``(ii) has designated a single officer or 
                        governmental body to serve as the State point 
                        of contact to coordinate the implementation of 
                        Next Generation 9-1-1 for that State, except 
                        that such designation need not vest such 
                        coordinator with direct legal authority to 
                        implement Next Generation 9-1-1 or to manage 
                        emergency communications operations; and
                            ``(iii) has developed and submitted a State 
                        plan for the coordination and implementation of 
                        Next Generation 9-1-1 that--
                                    ``(I) ensures interoperability by 
                                requiring the use of commonly accepted 
                                standards;
                                    ``(II) enables emergency 
                                communications centers to process, 
                                analyze, and store multimedia, data, 
                                and other information;
                                    ``(III) incorporates the use of 
                                effective cybersecurity resources;
                                    ``(IV) uses open and competitive 
                                request for proposal processes, or the 
                                applicable State equivalent, for 
                                deployment of Next Generation 9-1-1;
                                    ``(V) includes input from relevant 
                                emergency communications centers, 
                                regional authorities, local 
                                authorities, and Tribal authorities; 
                                and
                                    ``(VI) includes a governance body 
                                or bodies, either by creation of new or 
                                use of existing body or bodies, for the 
                                development and deployment of Next 
                                Generation 9-1-1 that--
                                            ``(aa) includes relevant 
                                        stakeholders; and
                                            ``(bb) consults and 
                                        coordinates with the State 
                                        point of contact required by 
                                        clause (ii); or
                    ``(B) in the case of an eligible entity that is not 
                a State, the entity has complied with clauses (i) and 
                (iii) of subparagraph (A), and the State in which the 
                entity is located has complied with clause (ii) of such 
                subparagraph.
            ``(4) Criteria.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than 9 months after 
                the date of enactment of this section, the Assistant 
                Secretary and the Administrator shall issue 
                regulations, after providing the public with notice and 
                an opportunity to comment, prescribing the criteria for 
                selection for grants under this section.
                    ``(B) Requirements.--The criteria shall--
                            ``(i) include performance requirements and 
                        a schedule for completion of any project to be 
                        financed by a grant under this section; and
                            ``(ii) specifically permit regional or 
                        multi-State applications for funds.
                    ``(C) Updates.--The Assistant Secretary and the 
                Administrator shall update such regulations as 
                necessary.
            ``(5) Grant certifications.--Each applicant for a grant 
        under this section shall certify to the Assistant Secretary and 
        the Administrator at the time of application, and each 
        applicant that receives such a grant shall certify to the 
        Assistant Secretary and the Administrator annually thereafter 
        during any period of time the funds from the grant are 
        available to the applicant, that--
                    ``(A) no portion of any designated 9-1-1 charges 
                imposed by a State or other taxing jurisdiction within 
                which the applicant is located are being obligated or 
                expended for any purpose other than the purposes for 
                which such charges are designated or presented during 
                the period beginning 180 days immediately preceding the 
                date on which the application was filed and continuing 
                through the period of time during which the funds from 
                the grant are available to the applicant;
                    ``(B) any funds received by the applicant will be 
                used to support deployment of Next Generation 9-1-1 
                that ensures interoperability by requiring the use of 
                commonly accepted standards;
                    ``(C) the State in which the applicant resides has 
                established, or has committed to establish no later 
                than 3 years following the date on which the funds are 
                distributed to the applicant, a sustainable funding 
                mechanism for Next Generation 9-1-1 to be deployed 
                pursuant to the grant;
                    ``(D) the applicant will promote interoperability 
                between Next Generation 9-1-1 emergency communications 
                centers and emergency response providers including 
                users of the nationwide public safety broadband network 
                implemented by the First Responder Network Authority;
                    ``(E) the applicant has or will take steps to 
                coordinate with adjoining States to establish and 
                maintain Next Generation 9-1-1; and
                    ``(F) the applicant has developed a plan for public 
                outreach and education on how to best use Next 
                Generation 9-1-1 and on its capabilities and 
                usefulness.
            ``(6) Condition of grant.--Each applicant for a grant under 
        this section shall agree, as a condition of receipt of the 
        grant, that if the State or other taxing jurisdiction within 
        which the applicant is located, during any period of time 
        during which the funds from the grant are available to the 
        applicant, fails to comply with the certifications required 
        under paragraph (5), all of the funds from such grant shall be 
        returned to the Office.
            ``(7) Penalty for providing false information.--Any 
        applicant that provides a certification under paragraph (5) 
        knowing that the information provided in the certification was 
        false shall--
                    ``(A) not be eligible to receive the grant under 
                this subsection;
                    ``(B) return any grant awarded under this 
                subsection during the time that the certification was 
                not valid; and
                    ``(C) not be eligible to receive any subsequent 
                grants under this subsection.
            ``(8) Prohibition.--No grant funds under this subsection 
        may be used--
                    ``(A) for any component of the Nationwide Public 
                Safety Broadband Network; or
                    ``(B) to make any payments to a person who has 
                been, for reasons of national security, prohibited by 
                any entity of the Federal Government from bidding on a 
                contract, participating in an auction, or receiving a 
                grant.
    ``(c) Funding and Termination.--
            ``(1) In general.--In addition to any funds authorized for 
        grants under section 158, there is authorized to be 
        appropriated $12,000,000,000 for fiscal years 2020 through 
        2024.
            ``(2) Administrative costs.--The Office may use up to 5 
        percent of the funds authorized under this subsection for 
        reasonable and necessary administrative costs associated with 
        the grant program.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) 9-1-1 request for emergency assistance.--The term `9-
        1-1 request for emergency assistance' means a communication, 
        such as voice, text, picture, multimedia, or any other type of 
        data that is sent to an emergency communications center for the 
        purpose of requesting emergency assistance.
            ``(2) Commonly accepted standards.--The term `commonly 
        accepted standards' means--
                    ``(A) the technical standards followed by the 
                communications industry for network, device, and 
                Internet Protocol connectivity, including but not 
                limited to, standards developed by the Third Generation 
                Partnership Project (3GPP), the Institute of Electrical 
                and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), the Alliance for 
                Telecommunications Industry Solutions (ATIS), the 
                Internet Engineering Taskforce (IETF), and the 
                International Telecommunications Union (ITU); and
                    ``(B) standards that are accredited by a recognized 
                authority such as the American National Standards 
                Institute (ANSI).
            ``(3) Designated 9-1-1 charges.--The term `designated 9-1-1 
        charges' means any taxes, fees, or other charges imposed by a 
        State or other taxing jurisdiction that are designated or 
        presented as dedicated to deliver or improve 9-1-1 services, 
        E9-1-1 services, or Next Generation 9-1-1.
            ``(4) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity'--
                    ``(A) means a State, local government, or a tribal 
                organization (as defined in section 4(l) of the Indian 
                Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 
                U.S.C. 450b(l)));
                    ``(B) includes public authorities, boards, 
                commissions, and similar bodies created by one or more 
                eligible entities described in subparagraph (A) to 
                coordinate or provide Next Generation 9-1-1; and
                    ``(C) does not include any entity that has failed 
                to submit--
                            ``(i) the certifications required under 
                        subsection (b)(5); and
                            ``(ii) the most recently required 
                        certification under subsection (c) within 30 
                        days after the date on which such certification 
                        is due.
            ``(5) Emergency communications center.--The term `emergency 
        communications center' means a facility that is designated to 
        receive a 9-1-1 request for emergency assistance and perform 
        one or more of the following functions:
                    ``(A) Process and analyze 9-1-1 requests for 
                emergency assistance and other gathered information.
                    ``(B) Dispatch appropriate emergency response 
                providers.
                    ``(C) Transfer or exchange 9-1-1 requests for 
                emergency assistance and other gathered information 
                with other emergency communications centers and 
                emergency response providers.
                    ``(D) Analyze any communications received from 
                emergency response providers.
                    ``(E) Support incident command functions.
            ``(6) Emergency response provider.--The term `emergency 
        response provider' has the meaning given that term under 
        section 2 of the Homeland Security Act (47 U.S.C. 101(6)), 
        emergency response providers includes Federal, State, and local 
        governmental and nongovernmental emergency public safety, fire, 
        law enforcement, emergency response, emergency medical 
        (including hospital emergency facilities), and related 
        personnel, agencies, and authorities).
            ``(7) Interoperable.--The term `interoperable' or 
        `interoperability' means the capability of emergency 
        communications centers to receive 9-1-1 requests for emergency 
        assistance and related data such as location information and 
        callback numbers from the public, then process and share the 9-
        1-1 requests for emergency assistance and related data with 
        other emergency communications centers and emergency response 
        providers, regardless of jurisdiction, equipment, device, 
        software, service provider, or other relevant factors, and 
        without the need for proprietary interfaces.
            ``(8) Nationwide.--The term `nationwide' means all States 
        of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, 
        American Samoa, Guam, the United States Virgin Islands, the 
        Northern Mariana Islands, any other territory or possession of 
        the United States, and each federally recognized Indian tribe.
            ``(9) Nationwide public safety broadband network.--The term 
        `nationwide public safety broadband network' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 6001 of the Middle Class Tax Relief 
        and Job Creation Act of 2012 (47 U.S.C. 1401).
            ``(10) Next generation 9-1-1.--The term `Next Generation 9-
        1-1' means an interoperable, secure, Internet Protocol-based 
        system that--
                    ``(A) employs commonly accepted standards;
                    ``(B) enables the appropriate emergency 
                communications centers to receive, process, and analyze 
                all types of 9-1-1 requests for emergency assistance;
                    ``(C) acquires and integrates additional 
                information useful to handling 9-1-1 requests for 
                emergency assistance; and
                    ``(D) supports sharing information related to 9-1-1 
                requests for emergency assistance among emergency 
                communications centers and emergency response 
                providers.
            ``(11) Office.--The term `Office' means the Next Generation 
        9-1-1 Implementation Coordination Office established under 
        section 158 of this title.
            ``(12) State.--The term `State' means any State of the 
        United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, American 
        Samoa, Guam, the United States Virgin Islands, the Northern 
        Mariana Islands, and any other territory or possession of the 
        United States.
            ``(13) Sustainable funding mechanism.--The term 
        `sustainable funding mechanism' means a funding mechanism that 
        provides adequate revenues to cover ongoing expenses, including 
        operations, maintenance, and upgrades.''.

SEC. 12006. SAVINGS PROVISION.

    Nothing in this subtitle or any amendment made by this subtitle 
shall affect any application pending or grant awarded under section 158 
of the National Telecommunications and Information Administration 
Organization Act (47 U.S.C. 942) prior to date of the enactment of this 
Act.

      Subtitle C--Broadband Infrastructure Finance and Innovation

SEC. 13001. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ``Broadband Infrastructure 
Finance and Innovation Act of 2019''.

SEC. 13002. DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle:
            (1) Assistant secretary.--The term ``Assistant Secretary'' 
        means the Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Communications 
        and Information.
            (2) BIFIA program.--The term ``BIFIA program'' means the 
        broadband infrastructure finance and innovation program 
        established under this subtitle.
            (3) Broadband service.--The term ``broadband service''--
                    (A) means broadband internet access service that is 
                a mass-market retail service, or a service provided to 
                an entity described in paragraph (12)(B)(ii), by wire 
                or radio that provides the capability to transmit data 
                to and receive data from all or substantially all 
                internet endpoints, including any capabilities that are 
                incidental to and enable the operation of the 
                communications service;
                    (B) includes any service that is a functional 
                equivalent of the service described in subparagraph 
                (A); and
                    (C) does not include dial-up internet access 
                service.
            (4) Eligible project costs.--The term ``eligible project 
        costs'' means amounts substantially all of which are paid by, 
        or for the account of, an obligor in connection with a project, 
        including the cost of--
                    (A) development phase activities, including 
                planning, feasibility analysis, revenue forecasting, 
                environmental review, historic preservation review, 
                permitting, preliminary engineering and design work, 
                and other preconstruction activities;
                    (B) construction and deployment phase activities, 
                including--
                            (i) construction, reconstruction, 
                        rehabilitation, replacement, and acquisition of 
                        real property (including land relating to the 
                        project and improvements to land), equipment, 
                        instrumentation, networking capability, 
                        hardware and software, and digital network 
                        technology;
                            (ii) environmental mitigation; and
                            (iii) construction contingencies; and
                    (C) capitalized interest necessary to meet market 
                requirements, reasonably required reserve funds, 
                capital issuance expenses, and other carrying costs 
                during construction and deployment.
            (5) Federal credit instrument.--The term ``Federal credit 
        instrument'' means a secured loan, loan guarantee, or line of 
        credit authorized to be made available under the BIFIA program 
        with respect to a project.
            (6) Investment-grade rating.--The term ``investment-grade 
        rating'' means a rating of BBB minus, Baa3, bbb minus, BBB 
        (low), or higher assigned by a rating agency to project 
        obligations.
            (7) Lender.--The term ``lender'' means any non-Federal 
        qualified institutional buyer (as defined in section 
        230.144A(a) of title 17, Code of Federal Regulations (or any 
        successor regulation), known as Rule 144A(a) of the Securities 
        and Exchange Commission and issued under the Securities Act of 
        1933 (15 U.S.C. 77a et seq.)), including--
                    (A) a qualified retirement plan (as defined in 
                section 4974(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) 
                that is a qualified institutional buyer; and
                    (B) a governmental plan (as defined in section 
                414(d) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) that is a 
                qualified institutional buyer.
            (8) Letter of interest.--The term ``letter of interest'' 
        means a letter submitted by a potential applicant prior to an 
        application for credit assistance in a format prescribed by the 
        Assistant Secretary on the website of the BIFIA program that--
                    (A) describes the project and the location, 
                purpose, and cost of the project;
                    (B) outlines the proposed financial plan, including 
                the requested credit assistance and the proposed 
                obligor;
                    (C) provides a status of environmental review; and
                    (D) provides information regarding satisfaction of 
                other eligibility requirements of the BIFIA program.
            (9) Line of credit.--The term ``line of credit'' means an 
        agreement entered into by the Assistant Secretary with an 
        obligor under section 13005 to provide a direct loan at a 
        future date upon the occurrence of certain events.
            (10) Loan guarantee.--The term ``loan guarantee'' means any 
        guarantee or other pledge by the Assistant Secretary to pay all 
        or part of the principal of and interest on a loan or other 
        debt obligation issued by an obligor and funded by a lender.
            (11) Obligor.--The term ``obligor'' means a party that--
                    (A) is primarily liable for payment of the 
                principal of or interest on a Federal credit 
                instrument; and
                    (B) may be a corporation, company, partnership, 
                joint venture, trust, or governmental entity, agency, 
                or instrumentality.
            (12) Project.--The term ``project'' means a project--
                    (A) to construct and deploy infrastructure for the 
                provision of broadband service; and
                    (B) that the Assistant Secretary determines will--
                            (i) provide access or improved access to 
                        broadband service to consumers residing in 
                        areas of the United States that have no access 
                        to broadband service or do not have access to 
                        broadband service offered--
                                    (I) with a download speed of at 
                                least 25 megabits per second;
                                    (II) with an upload speed of at 
                                least 3 megabits per second; and
                                    (III) with latency that is 
                                sufficiently low to allow real-time, 
                                interactive applications; or
                            (ii) provide access or improved access to 
                        broadband service to--
                                    (I) schools, libraries, medical and 
                                healthcare providers, community 
                                colleges and other institutions of 
                                higher education, and other community 
                                support organizations and entities to 
                                facilitate greater use of broadband 
                                service by or through such 
                                organizations;
                                    (II) organizations and agencies 
                                that provide outreach, access, 
                                equipment, and support services to 
                                facilitate greater use of broadband 
                                service by low-income, unemployed, 
                                aged, and otherwise vulnerable 
                                populations;
                                    (III) job-creating strategic 
                                facilities located within a State-
                                designated economic zone, Economic 
                                Development District designated by the 
                                Department of Commerce, Renewal 
                                Community or Empowerment Zone 
                                designated by the Department of Housing 
                                and Urban Development, or Enterprise 
                                Community designated by the Department 
                                of Agriculture; or
                                    (IV) public safety agencies.
            (13) Project obligation.--The term ``project obligation'' 
        means any note, bond, debenture, or other debt obligation 
        issued by an obligor in connection with the financing of a 
        project, other than a Federal credit instrument.
            (14) Public authority.--The term ``public authority'' means 
        a Federal, State, county, town, or township, Indian Tribe, 
        municipal or other local government or instrumentality with 
        authority to finance, build, operate, or maintain 
        infrastructure for the provision of broadband service.
            (15) Rating agency.--The term ``rating agency'' means a 
        credit rating agency registered with the Securities and 
        Exchange Commission as a nationally recognized statistical 
        rating organization (as defined in section 3(a) of the 
        Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78c(a))).
            (16) Secured loan.--The term ``secured loan'' means a 
        direct loan or other debt obligation issued by an obligor and 
        funded by the Assistant Secretary in connection with the 
        financing of a project under section 13004.
            (17) Small project.--The term ``small project'' means a 
        project having eligible project costs that are reasonably 
        anticipated not to equal or exceed $20,000,000.
            (18) State.--The term ``State'' has the meaning given such 
        term in section 3 of the Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 
        153).
            (19) Subsidy amount.--The term ``subsidy amount'' means the 
        amount of budget authority sufficient to cover the estimated 
        long-term cost to the Federal Government of a Federal credit 
        instrument--
                    (A) calculated on a net present value basis; and
                    (B) excluding administrative costs and any 
                incidental effects on governmental receipts or outlays 
                in accordance with the Federal Credit Reform Act of 
                1990 (2 U.S.C. 661 et seq.).
            (20) Substantial completion.--The term ``substantial 
        completion'' means, with respect to a project receiving credit 
        assistance under the BIFIA program--
                    (A) the commencement of the provision of broadband 
                service using the infrastructure being financed; or
                    (B) a comparable event, as determined by the 
                Assistant Secretary and specified in the credit 
                agreement.

SEC. 13003. DETERMINATION OF ELIGIBILITY AND PROJECT SELECTION.

    (a) Eligibility.--
            (1) In general.--A project shall be eligible to receive 
        credit assistance under the BIFIA program if--
                    (A) the entity proposing to carry out the project 
                submits a letter of interest prior to submission of a 
                formal application for the project; and
                    (B) the project meets the criteria described in 
                this subsection.
            (2) Creditworthiness.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), to be eligible for assistance under the BIFIA 
                program, a project shall satisfy applicable 
                creditworthiness standards, which, at a minimum, shall 
                include--
                            (i) adequate coverage requirements to 
                        ensure repayment;
                            (ii) an investment-grade rating from at 
                        least 2 rating agencies on debt senior to the 
                        Federal credit instrument; and
                            (iii) a rating from at least 2 rating 
                        agencies on the Federal credit instrument.
                    (B) Small projects.--In order for a small project 
                to be eligible for assistance under the BIFIA program, 
                such project shall satisfy alternative creditworthiness 
                standards that shall be established by the Assistant 
                Secretary under section 13006 for purposes of this 
                paragraph.
            (3) Application.--A State, local government, agency or 
        instrumentality of a State or local government, public 
        authority, public-private partnership, or any other legal 
        entity undertaking the project and authorized by the Assistant 
        Secretary shall submit a project application that is acceptable 
        to the Assistant Secretary.
            (4) Eligible project cost parameters for infrastructure 
        projects.--Eligible project costs shall be reasonably 
        anticipated to equal or exceed $2,000,000 in the case of a 
        project or program of projects--
                    (A) in which the applicant is a local government, 
                instrumentality of local government, or public 
                authority (other than a public authority that is a 
                Federal or State government or instrumentality);
                    (B) located on a facility owned by a local 
                government; or
                    (C) for which the Assistant Secretary determines 
                that a local government is substantially involved in 
                the development of the project.
            (5) Dedicated revenue sources.--The applicable Federal 
        credit instrument shall be repayable, in whole or in part, 
        from--
                    (A) amounts charged to--
                            (i) subscribers of broadband service for 
                        such service; or
                            (ii) subscribers of any related service 
                        provided over the same infrastructure for such 
                        related service;
                    (B) user fees;
                    (C) payments owing to the obligor under a public-
                private partnership; or
                    (D) other dedicated revenue sources that also 
                secure or fund the project obligations.
            (6) Applications where obligor will be identified later.--A 
        State, local government, agency or instrumentality of a State 
        or local government, or public authority may submit to the 
        Assistant Secretary an application under paragraph (3), under 
        which a private party to a public-private partnership will be--
                    (A) the obligor; and
                    (B) identified later through completion of a 
                procurement and selection of the private party.
            (7) Beneficial effects.--The Assistant Secretary shall 
        determine that financial assistance for the project under the 
        BIFIA program will--
                    (A) foster, if appropriate, partnerships that 
                attract public and private investment for the project;
                    (B) enable the project to proceed at an earlier 
                date than the project would otherwise be able to 
                proceed or reduce the lifecycle costs (including debt 
                service costs) of the project; and
                    (C) reduce the contribution of Federal grant 
                assistance for the project.
            (8) Project readiness.--To be eligible for assistance under 
        the BIFIA program, the applicant shall demonstrate a reasonable 
        expectation that the contracting process for the construction 
        and deployment of infrastructure for the provision of broadband 
        service through the project can commence by no later than 90 
        days after the date on which a Federal credit instrument is 
        obligated for the project under the BIFIA program.
    (b) Selection Among Eligible Projects.--
            (1) Establishment of application process.--The Assistant 
        Secretary shall establish a rolling application process under 
        which projects that are eligible to receive credit assistance 
        under subsection (a) shall receive credit assistance on terms 
        acceptable to the Assistant Secretary, if adequate funds are 
        available to cover the subsidy costs associated with the 
        Federal credit instrument.
            (2) Preliminary rating opinion letter.--The Assistant 
        Secretary shall require each project applicant to provide--
                    (A) a preliminary rating opinion letter from at 
                least 1 rating agency--
                            (i) indicating that the senior obligations 
                        of the project, which may be the Federal credit 
                        instrument, have the potential to achieve an 
                        investment-grade rating; and
                            (ii) including a preliminary rating opinion 
                        on the Federal credit instrument; or
                    (B) in the case of a small project, alternative 
                documentation that the Assistant Secretary shall 
                require in the standards established under section 
                13006 for purposes of this paragraph.
            (3) Technology neutrality required.--In selecting projects 
        to receive credit assistance under the BIFIA program, the 
        Assistant Secretary may not favor a project using any 
        particular technology.
    (c) Federal Requirements.--
            (1) In general.--The following provisions of law shall 
        apply to funds made available under the BIFIA program and 
        projects assisted with those funds:
                    (A) Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 
                U.S.C. 2000d et seq.).
                    (B) The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 
                (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
                    (C) 54 U.S.C. 300101 et seq. (commonly referred to 
                as the ``National Historic Preservation Act'').
                    (D) The Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real 
                Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970 (42 U.S.C. 
                4601 et seq.).
            (2) NEPA.--No funding shall be obligated for a project that 
        has not received an environmental categorical exclusion, a 
        finding of no significant impact, or a record of decision under 
        the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 
        et seq.).
            (3) Title vi of the civil rights act of 1964.--For purposes 
        of title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000d et 
        seq.), any project that receives credit assistance under the 
        BIFIA program shall be considered a program or activity within 
        the meaning of section 606 of such title (42 U.S.C. 2000d-4a).
    (d) Application Processing Procedures.--
            (1) Notice of complete application.--Not later than 30 days 
        after the date of receipt of an application under this section, 
        the Assistant Secretary shall provide to the applicant a 
        written notice to inform the applicant whether--
                    (A) the application is complete; or
                    (B) additional information or materials are needed 
                to complete the application.
            (2) Approval or denial of application.--Not later than 60 
        days after the date of issuance of the written notice under 
        paragraph (1), the Assistant Secretary shall provide to the 
        applicant a written notice informing the applicant whether the 
        Assistant Secretary has approved or disapproved the 
        application.
            (3) Approval before nepa review.--Subject to subsection 
        (c)(2), an application for a project may be approved before the 
        project receives an environmental categorical exclusion, a 
        finding of no significant impact, or a record of decision under 
        the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 
        et seq.).
    (e) Development Phase Activities.--Any credit instrument secured 
under the BIFIA program may be used to finance up to 100 percent of the 
cost of development phase activities as described in section 
13002(4)(A).

SEC. 13004. SECURED LOANS.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Agreements.--Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), the 
        Assistant Secretary may enter into agreements with one or more 
        obligors to make secured loans, the proceeds of which shall be 
        used--
                    (A) to finance eligible project costs of any 
                project selected under section 13003;
                    (B) to refinance interim construction financing of 
                eligible project costs of any project selected under 
                section 13003; or
                    (C) to refinance long-term project obligations or 
                Federal credit instruments, if the refinancing provides 
                additional funding capacity for the completion, 
                enhancement, or expansion of any project that--
                            (i) is selected under section 13003; or
                            (ii) otherwise meets the requirements of 
                        section 13003.
            (2) Limitation on refinancing of interim construction 
        financing.--A loan under paragraph (1) shall not refinance 
        interim construction financing under paragraph (1)(B)--
                    (A) if the maturity of such interim construction 
                financing is later than 1 year after the substantial 
                completion of the project; and
                    (B) later than 1 year after the date of substantial 
                completion of the project.
            (3) Risk assessment.--Before entering into an agreement 
        under this subsection, the Assistant Secretary, in consultation 
        with the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, shall 
        determine an appropriate capital reserve subsidy amount for 
        each secured loan, taking into account each rating letter 
        provided by a rating agency under section 13003(b)(2)(A)(ii) 
        or, in the case of a small project, the alternative 
        documentation provided under section 13003(b)(2)(B).
    (b) Terms and Limitations.--
            (1) In general.--A secured loan under this section with 
        respect to a project shall be on such terms and conditions and 
        contain such covenants, representations, warranties, and 
        requirements (including requirements for audits) as the 
        Assistant Secretary determines to be appropriate.
            (2) Maximum amount.--The amount of a secured loan under 
        this section shall not exceed the lesser of 49 percent of the 
        reasonably anticipated eligible project costs or, if the 
        secured loan is not for a small project and does not receive an 
        investment-grade rating, the amount of the senior project 
        obligations.
            (3) Payment.--A secured loan under this section--
                    (A) shall--
                            (i) be payable, in whole or in part, from--
                                    (I) amounts charged to--
                                            (aa) subscribers of 
                                        broadband service for such 
                                        service; or
                                            (bb) subscribers of any 
                                        related service provided over 
                                        the same infrastructure for 
                                        such related service;
                                    (II) user fees;
                                    (III) payments owing to the obligor 
                                under a public-private partnership; or
                                    (IV) other dedicated revenue 
                                sources that also secure the senior 
                                project obligations; and
                            (ii) include a coverage requirement or 
                        similar security feature supporting the project 
                        obligations; and
                    (B) may have a lien on revenues described in 
                subparagraph (A), subject to any lien securing project 
                obligations.
            (4) Interest rate.--The interest rate on a secured loan 
        under this section shall be not less than the yield on United 
        States Treasury securities of a similar maturity to the 
        maturity of the secured loan on the date of execution of the 
        loan agreement.
            (5) Maturity date.--The final maturity date of the secured 
        loan shall be the lesser of--
                    (A) 35 years after the date of substantial 
                completion of the project; and
                    (B) if the useful life of the infrastructure for 
                the provision of broadband service being financed is of 
                a lesser period, the useful life of the infrastructure.
            (6) Nonsubordination.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), the secured loan shall not be subordinated to the 
                claims of any holder of project obligations in the 
                event of bankruptcy, insolvency, or liquidation of the 
                obligor.
                    (B) Preexisting indenture.--
                            (i) In general.--The Assistant Secretary 
                        shall waive the requirement under subparagraph 
                        (A) for a public agency borrower that is 
                        financing ongoing capital programs and has 
                        outstanding senior bonds under a preexisting 
                        indenture, if--
                                    (I) the secured loan--
                                            (aa) is rated in the A 
                                        category or higher; or
                                            (bb) in the case of a small 
                                        project, meets an alternative 
                                        standard that the Assistant 
                                        Secretary shall establish under 
                                        section 13006 for purposes of 
                                        this subclause;
                                    (II) the secured loan is secured 
                                and payable from pledged revenues not 
                                affected by project performance, such 
                                as a tax-backed revenue pledge or a 
                                system-backed pledge of project 
                                revenues; and
                                    (III) the BIFIA program share of 
                                eligible project costs is 33 percent or 
                                less.
                            (ii) Limitation.--If the Assistant 
                        Secretary waives the nonsubordination 
                        requirement under this subparagraph--
                                    (I) the maximum credit subsidy to 
                                be paid by the Federal Government shall 
                                be not more than 10 percent of the 
                                principal amount of the secured loan; 
                                and
                                    (II) the obligor shall be 
                                responsible for paying the remainder of 
                                the subsidy cost, if any.
            (7) Fees.--The Assistant Secretary may establish fees at a 
        level sufficient to cover all or a portion of the costs to the 
        Federal Government of making a secured loan under this section.
            (8) Non-federal share.--The proceeds of a secured loan 
        under the BIFIA program, if the loan is repayable from non-
        Federal funds--
                    (A) may be used for any non-Federal share of 
                project costs required under this subtitle; and
                    (B) shall not count toward the total Federal 
                assistance provided for a project for purposes of 
                paragraph (9).
            (9) Maximum federal involvement.--The total Federal 
        assistance provided for a project receiving a loan under the 
        BIFIA program shall not exceed 80 percent of the total project 
        cost.
    (c) Repayment.--
            (1) Schedule.--The Assistant Secretary shall establish a 
        repayment schedule for each secured loan under this section 
        based on--
                    (A) the projected cash flow from project revenues 
                and other repayment sources; and
                    (B) the useful life of the infrastructure for the 
                provision of broadband service being financed.
            (2) Commencement.--Scheduled loan repayments of principal 
        or interest on a secured loan under this section shall commence 
        not later than 5 years after the date of substantial completion 
        of the project.
            (3) Deferred payments.--
                    (A) In general.--If, at any time after the date of 
                substantial completion of the project, the project is 
                unable to generate sufficient revenues to pay the 
                scheduled loan repayments of principal and interest on 
                the secured loan, the Assistant Secretary may, subject 
                to subparagraph (C), allow the obligor to add unpaid 
                principal and interest to the outstanding balance of 
                the secured loan.
                    (B) Interest.--Any payment deferred under 
                subparagraph (A) shall--
                            (i) continue to accrue interest in 
                        accordance with subsection (b)(4) until fully 
                        repaid; and
                            (ii) be scheduled to be amortized over the 
                        remaining term of the loan.
                    (C) Criteria.--
                            (i) In general.--Any payment deferral under 
                        subparagraph (A) shall be contingent on the 
                        project meeting criteria established by the 
                        Assistant Secretary.
                            (ii) Repayment standards.--The criteria 
                        established pursuant to clause (i) shall 
                        include standards for reasonable assurance of 
                        repayment.
            (4) Prepayment.--
                    (A) Use of excess revenues.--Any excess revenues 
                that remain after satisfying scheduled debt service 
                requirements on the project obligations and secured 
                loan and all deposit requirements under the terms of 
                any trust agreement, bond resolution, or similar 
                agreement securing project obligations may be applied 
                annually to prepay the secured loan without penalty.
                    (B) Use of proceeds of refinancing.--The secured 
                loan may be prepaid at any time without penalty from 
                the proceeds of refinancing from non-Federal funding 
                sources.
    (d) Sale of Secured Loans.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), as soon as 
        practicable after substantial completion of a project and after 
        notifying the obligor, the Assistant Secretary may sell to 
        another entity or reoffer into the capital markets a secured 
        loan for the project if the Assistant Secretary determines that 
        the sale or reoffering can be made on favorable terms.
            (2) Consent of obligor.--In making a sale or reoffering 
        under paragraph (1), the Assistant Secretary may not change the 
        original terms and conditions of the secured loan without the 
        written consent of the obligor.
    (e) Loan Guarantees.--
            (1) In general.--The Assistant Secretary may provide a loan 
        guarantee to a lender in lieu of making a secured loan under 
        this section if the Assistant Secretary determines that the 
        budgetary cost of the loan guarantee is substantially the same 
        as that of a secured loan.
            (2) Terms.--The terms of a loan guarantee under paragraph 
        (1) shall be consistent with the terms required under this 
        section for a secured loan, except that the rate on the 
        guaranteed loan and any prepayment features shall be negotiated 
        between the obligor and the lender, with the consent of the 
        Assistant Secretary.
    (f) Streamlined Application Process.--
            (1) In general.--The Assistant Secretary shall develop one 
        or more expedited application processes, available at the 
        request of entities seeking secured loans under the BIFIA 
        program, that use a set or sets of conventional terms 
        established pursuant to this section.
            (2) Terms.--In establishing the streamlined application 
        process required by this subsection, the Assistant Secretary 
        may allow for an expedited application period and include terms 
        such as those that require--
                    (A) that the project be a small project;
                    (B) the secured loan to be secured and payable from 
                pledged revenues not affected by project performance, 
                such as a tax-backed revenue pledge, tax increment 
                financing, or a system-backed pledge of project 
                revenues; and
                    (C) repayment of the loan to commence not later 
                than 5 years after disbursement.

SEC. 13005. LINES OF CREDIT.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Agreements.--Subject to paragraphs (2) through (4), the 
        Assistant Secretary may enter into agreements to make available 
        to one or more obligors lines of credit in the form of direct 
        loans to be made by the Assistant Secretary at future dates on 
        the occurrence of certain events for any project selected under 
        section 13003.
            (2) Use of proceeds.--The proceeds of a line of credit made 
        available under this section shall be available to pay debt 
        service on project obligations issued to finance eligible 
        project costs, extraordinary repair and replacement costs, 
        operation and maintenance expenses, and costs associated with 
        unexpected Federal or State environmental restrictions.
            (3) Risk assessment.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), before entering into an agreement under this 
                subsection, the Assistant Secretary, in consultation 
                with the Director of the Office of Management and 
                Budget and each rating agency providing a preliminary 
                rating opinion letter under section 13003(b)(2)(A), 
                shall determine an appropriate capital reserve subsidy 
                amount for each line of credit, taking into account the 
                rating opinion letter.
                    (B) Small projects.--Before entering into an 
                agreement under this subsection to make available a 
                line of credit for a small project, the Assistant 
                Secretary, in consultation with the Director of the 
                Office of Management and Budget, shall determine an 
                appropriate capital reserve subsidy amount for each 
                such line of credit, taking into account the 
                alternative documentation provided under section 
                13003(b)(2)(B) instead of preliminary rating opinion 
                letters provided under section 13003(b)(2)(A).
            (4) Investment-grade rating requirement.--The funding of a 
        line of credit under this section shall be contingent on--
                    (A) the senior obligations of the project receiving 
                an investment-grade rating from 2 rating agencies; or
                    (B) in the case of a small project, the project 
                meeting an alternative standard that the Assistant 
                Secretary shall establish under section 13006 for 
                purposes of this paragraph.
    (b) Terms and Limitations.--
            (1) In general.--A line of credit under this section with 
        respect to a project shall be on such terms and conditions and 
        contain such covenants, representations, warranties, and 
        requirements (including requirements for audits) as the 
        Assistant Secretary determines to be appropriate.
            (2) Maximum amounts.--The total amount of a line of credit 
        under this section shall not exceed 33 percent of the 
        reasonably anticipated eligible project costs.
            (3) Draws.--Any draw on a line of credit under this section 
        shall--
                    (A) represent a direct loan; and
                    (B) be made only if net revenues from the project 
                (including capitalized interest, but not including 
                reasonably required financing reserves) are 
                insufficient to pay the costs specified in subsection 
                (a)(2).
            (4) Interest rate.--The interest rate on a direct loan 
        resulting from a draw on the line of credit shall be not less 
        than the yield on 30-year United States Treasury securities, as 
        of the date of execution of the line of credit agreement.
            (5) Security.--A line of credit issued under this section--
                    (A) shall--
                            (i) be payable, in whole or in part, from--
                                    (I) amounts charged to--
                                            (aa) subscribers of 
                                        broadband service for such 
                                        service; or
                                            (bb) subscribers of any 
                                        related service provided over 
                                        the same infrastructure for 
                                        such related service;
                                    (II) user fees;
                                    (III) payments owing to the obligor 
                                under a public-private partnership; or
                                    (IV) other dedicated revenue 
                                sources that also secure the senior 
                                project obligations; and
                            (ii) include a coverage requirement or 
                        similar security feature supporting the project 
                        obligations; and
                    (B) may have a lien on revenues described in 
                subparagraph (A), subject to any lien securing project 
                obligations.
            (6) Period of availability.--The full amount of a line of 
        credit under this section, to the extent not drawn upon, shall 
        be available during the 10-year period beginning on the date of 
        substantial completion of the project.
            (7) Rights of third-party creditors.--
                    (A) Against federal government.--A third-party 
                creditor of the obligor shall not have any right 
                against the Federal Government with respect to any draw 
                on a line of credit under this section.
                    (B) Assignment.--An obligor may assign a line of 
                credit under this section to--
                            (i) one or more lenders; or
                            (ii) a trustee on the behalf of such a 
                        lender.
            (8) Nonsubordination.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), a direct loan under this section shall not be 
                subordinated to the claims of any holder of project 
                obligations in the event of bankruptcy, insolvency, or 
                liquidation of the obligor.
                    (B) Pre-existing indenture.--
                            (i) In general.--The Assistant Secretary 
                        shall waive the requirement of subparagraph (A) 
                        for a public agency borrower that is financing 
                        ongoing capital programs and has outstanding 
                        senior bonds under a preexisting indenture, 
                        if--
                                    (I) the line of credit--
                                            (aa) is rated in the A 
                                        category or higher; or
                                            (bb) in the case of a small 
                                        project, meets an alternative 
                                        standard that the Assistant 
                                        Secretary shall establish under 
                                        section 13006 for purposes of 
                                        this subclause;
                                    (II) the BIFIA program loan 
                                resulting from a draw on the line of 
                                credit is payable from pledged revenues 
                                not affected by project performance, 
                                such as a tax-backed revenue pledge or 
                                a system-backed pledge of project 
                                revenues; and
                                    (III) the BIFIA program share of 
                                eligible project costs is 33 percent or 
                                less.
                            (ii) Limitation.--If the Assistant 
                        Secretary waives the nonsubordination 
                        requirement under this subparagraph--
                                    (I) the maximum credit subsidy to 
                                be paid by the Federal Government shall 
                                be not more than 10 percent of the 
                                principal amount of the secured loan; 
                                and
                                    (II) the obligor shall be 
                                responsible for paying the remainder of 
                                the subsidy cost.
            (9) Fees.--The Assistant Secretary may establish fees at a 
        level sufficient to cover all or a portion of the costs to the 
        Federal Government of providing a line of credit under this 
        section.
            (10) Relationship to other credit instruments.--A project 
        that receives a line of credit under this section also shall 
        not receive a secured loan or loan guarantee under section 
        13004 in an amount that, combined with the amount of the line 
        of credit, exceeds 49 percent of eligible project costs.
    (c) Repayment.--
            (1) Terms and conditions.--The Assistant Secretary shall 
        establish repayment terms and conditions for each direct loan 
        under this section based on--
                    (A) the projected cash flow from project revenues 
                and other repayment sources; and
                    (B) the useful life of the infrastructure for the 
                provision of broadband service being financed.
            (2) Timing.--All repayments of principal or interest on a 
        direct loan under this section shall be scheduled--
                    (A) to commence not later than 5 years after the 
                end of the period of availability specified in 
                subsection (b)(6); and
                    (B) to conclude, with full repayment of principal 
                and interest, by the date that is 25 years after the 
                end of the period of availability specified in 
                subsection (b)(6).

SEC. 13006. ALTERNATIVE PRUDENTIAL LENDING STANDARDS FOR SMALL 
              PROJECTS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Assistant Secretary shall establish alternative, streamlined 
prudential lending standards for small projects receiving credit 
assistance under the BIFIA program to ensure that such projects pose no 
additional risk to the Federal Government, as compared with projects 
that are not small projects.

SEC. 13007. PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION.

    (a) Requirement.--The Assistant Secretary shall establish a uniform 
system to service the Federal credit instruments made available under 
the BIFIA program.
    (b) Fees.--The Assistant Secretary may collect and spend fees, 
contingent on authority being provided in appropriations Acts, at a 
level that is sufficient to cover--
            (1) the costs of services of expert firms retained pursuant 
        to subsection (d); and
            (2) all or a portion of the costs to the Federal Government 
        of servicing the Federal credit instruments.
    (c) Servicer.--
            (1) In general.--The Assistant Secretary may appoint a 
        financial entity to assist the Assistant Secretary in servicing 
        the Federal credit instruments.
            (2) Duties.--A servicer appointed under paragraph (1) shall 
        act as the agent for the Assistant Secretary.
            (3) Fee.--A servicer appointed under paragraph (1) shall 
        receive a servicing fee, subject to approval by the Assistant 
        Secretary.
    (d) Assistance From Expert Firms.--The Assistant Secretary may 
retain the services of expert firms, including counsel, in the field of 
municipal and project finance to assist in the underwriting and 
servicing of Federal credit instruments.
    (e) Expedited Processing.--The Assistant Secretary shall implement 
procedures and measures to economize the time and cost involved in 
obtaining approval and the issuance of credit assistance under the 
BIFIA program.
    (f) Assistance to Small Projects.--Of the amount appropriated under 
section 13010(a), and after the set-aside for administrative expenses 
under section 13010(b), not less than 20 percent shall be made 
available for the Assistant Secretary to use in lieu of fees collected 
under subsection (b) for small projects.

SEC. 13008. STATE AND LOCAL PERMITS.

    The provision of credit assistance under the BIFIA program with 
respect to a project shall not--
            (1) relieve any recipient of the assistance of any 
        obligation to obtain any required State or local permit or 
        approval with respect to the project;
            (2) limit the right of any unit of State or local 
        government to approve or regulate any rate of return on private 
        equity invested in the project; or
            (3) otherwise supersede any State or local law (including 
        any regulation) applicable to the construction or operation of 
        the project.

SEC. 13009. REGULATIONS.

    The Assistant Secretary may promulgate such regulations as the 
Assistant Secretary determines to be appropriate to carry out the BIFIA 
program.

SEC. 13010. FUNDING.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to the Assistant Secretary to carry out this subtitle 
$5,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2020, to remain available until 
expended.
    (b) Administrative Expenses.--Of the amount appropriated under 
subsection (a), the Assistant Secretary may use not more than 5 percent 
for the administration of the BIFIA program.

SEC. 13011. REPORTS TO CONGRESS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and every 2 years thereafter, the Assistant 
Secretary shall submit to Congress a report summarizing the financial 
performance of the projects that are receiving, or have received, 
assistance under the BIFIA program, including a recommendation as to 
whether the objectives of the BIFIA program are best served by--
            (1) continuing the program under the authority of the 
        Assistant Secretary; or
            (2) establishing a Federal corporation or federally 
        sponsored enterprise to administer the program.
    (b) Application Process Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the 
        Assistant Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Energy and 
        Commerce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
        Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a report 
        that includes a list of all of the letters of interest and 
        applications received for assistance under the BIFIA program 
        during the preceding fiscal year.
            (2) Inclusions.--
                    (A) In general.--Each report under paragraph (1) 
                shall include, at a minimum, a description of, with 
                respect to each letter of interest and application 
                included in the report--
                            (i) the date on which the letter of 
                        interest or application was received;
                            (ii) the date on which a notification was 
                        provided to the applicant regarding whether the 
                        application was complete or incomplete;
                            (iii) the date on which a revised and 
                        completed application was submitted (if 
                        applicable);
                            (iv) the date on which a notification was 
                        provided to the applicant regarding whether the 
                        project was approved or disapproved; and
                            (v) if the project was not approved, the 
                        reason for the disapproval.
                    (B) Correspondence.--Each report under paragraph 
                (1) shall include copies of any correspondence provided 
                to the applicant in accordance with section 13003(d).

                TITLE II--DRINKING WATER INFRASTRUCTURE

             Subtitle A--PFAS Infrastructure Grant Program

SEC. 21001. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ``Providing Financial Assistance 
for Safe Drinking Water Act'' or the ``PFAS Drinking Water Act''.

SEC. 21002. ESTABLISHMENT OF PFAS INFRASTRUCTURE GRANT PROGRAM.

    Part E of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300j et seq.) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``SEC. 1459E. ASSISTANCE FOR COMMUNITY WATER SYSTEMS AFFECTED BY PFAS.

    ``(a) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this section, the Administrator shall establish a program 
to award grants to affected community water systems to pay for capital 
costs associated with the implementation of eligible treatment 
technologies.
    ``(b) Applications.--
            ``(1) Guidance.--Not later than 12 months after the date of 
        enactment of this section, the Administrator shall publish 
        guidance describing the form and timing for community water 
        systems to apply for grants under this section.
            ``(2) Required information.--The Administrator shall 
        require a community water system applying for a grant under 
        this section to submit--
                    ``(A) information showing the presence of PFAS in 
                water of the community water system; and
                    ``(B) a certification that the treatment technology 
                in use by the community water system at the time of 
                application is not sufficient to remove all detectable 
                amounts of PFAS.
    ``(c) List of Eligible Treatment Technologies.--Not later than 150 
days after the date of enactment of this section, and every two years 
thereafter, the Administrator shall publish a list of treatment 
technologies that the Administrator determines are effective at 
removing all detectable amounts of PFAS from drinking water.
    ``(d) Priority for Funding.--In awarding grants under this section, 
the Administrator shall prioritize affected community water systems 
that--
            ``(1) serve a disadvantaged community;
            ``(2) will provide at least a 10 percent cost share for the 
        cost of implementing an eligible treatment technology; or
            ``(3) demonstrate the capacity to maintain the eligible 
        treatment technology to be implemented using the grant.
    ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section not more than $500,000,000 for 
each of the fiscal years 2020 through 2024.
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Affected community water system.--The term `affected 
        community water system' means a community water system that is 
        affected by the presence of PFAS in the water in the community 
        water system.
            ``(2) Disadvantaged community.--The term `disadvantaged 
        community' has the meaning given that term in section 1452.
            ``(3) Eligible treatment technology.--The term `eligible 
        treatment technology' means a treatment technology included on 
        the list published under subsection (c).''.

SEC. 21003. DEFINITION.

    Section 1401 of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300f) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(17) PFAS.--The term `PFAS' means a perfluoroalkyl or 
        polyfluoroalkyl substance with at least one fully fluorinated 
        carbon atom.''.

                         Subtitle B--Extensions

SEC. 22001. FUNDING.

    (a) State Revolving Loan Funds.--Section 1452(m)(1) of the Safe 
Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300j-12(m)(1)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'';
            (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``2021.'' and 
        inserting ``2021;''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) $4,140,000,000 for fiscal year 2022;
                    ``(E) $4,800,000,000 for fiscal year 2023; and
                    ``(F) $5,500,000,000 for fiscal year 2024.''.
    (b) Indian Reservation Drinking Water Program.--Section 2001(d) of 
America's Water Infrastructure Act of 2018 (Public Law 115-270) is 
amended by striking ``2022'' and inserting ``2024''.
    (c) Voluntary School and Child Care Program Lead Testing Grant 
Program.--Section 1464(d)(8) of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 
300j-24(d)(8)) is amended by striking ``2021'' and inserting ``2024''.
    (d) Drinking Water Fountain Replacement for Schools.--Section 
1465(d) of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300j-25(d)) is 
amended by striking ``2021'' and inserting ``2024''.
    (e) Technical Assistance and Grants.--Section 1433(g)(6) of the 
Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300i-2(g)(6)) is amended by striking 
``2021'' and inserting ``2024''.
    (f) Grants for State Programs.--Section 1443(a)(7) of the Safe 
Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300j-2(a)(7)) is amended by striking 
``2021'' and inserting ``2024''.

SEC. 22002. AMERICAN IRON AND STEEL PRODUCTS.

    Section 1452(a)(4)(A) of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 
300j-12(a)(4)(A)) is amended by striking ``2023'' and inserting 
``2024''.

                 TITLE III--CLEAN ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE

              Subtitle A--Grid Security and Modernization

PART 1--ENHANCING ELECTRIC INFRASTRUCTURE RESILIENCE, RELIABILITY, AND 
                            ENERGY SECURITY

SEC. 31101. PROGRAM TO ENHANCE ELECTRIC INFRASTRUCTURE RESILIENCE, 
              RELIABILITY, AND ENERGY SECURITY.

    (a) Program.--The Secretary of Energy shall establish a competitive 
grant program to provide grants to States, units of local government, 
and Indian tribe economic development entities to enhance energy 
security through measures for electricity delivery infrastructure 
hardening and enhanced resilience and reliability.
    (b) Purpose of Grants.--The Secretary of Energy may make grants on 
a competitive basis to enable broader use of resiliency-related 
technologies, upgrades, and institutional measures and practices 
designed to--
            (1) improve the resilience, reliability, and security of 
        electricity delivery infrastructure;
            (2) improve preparedness and restoration time to mitigate 
        power disturbances resulting from physical and cyber attacks, 
        electromagnetic pulse attacks, geomagnetic disturbances, 
        seismic events, severe weather, and climate change;
            (3) continue delivery of power to facilities critical to 
        public health, safety, and welfare, including hospitals, 
        assisted living facilities, and schools;
            (4) continue delivery of power to electricity-dependent 
        essential services, including fueling stations and pumps, 
        wastewater and sewage treatment facilities, gas pipeline 
        infrastructure, communications systems, transportation services 
        and systems, and services provided by emergency first 
        responders;
            (5) enhance regional grid resilience and the resilience of 
        electricity-dependent regional infrastructure; and
            (6) facilitate greater incorporation of renewable energy 
        generation into the electric grid.
    (c) Examples.--Resiliency-related technologies, upgrades, and 
measures with respect to which grants may be made under this section 
include--
            (1) hardening or enhanced protection of utility poles, 
        wiring, cabling, and other distribution components, facilities, 
        or structures;
            (2) advanced grid technologies capable of isolating or 
        repairing problems remotely, such as advanced metering 
        infrastructure, high-tech sensors, grid monitoring and control 
        systems, and remote reconfiguration and redundancy systems;
            (3) cybersecurity products and components;
            (4) distributed generation, including back-up generation to 
        power critical facilities and essential services, and related 
        integration components, such as advanced inverter technology;
            (5) microgrid systems, including hybrid microgrid systems 
        for isolated communities;
            (6) combined heat and power;
            (7) waste heat resources;
            (8) non-grid-scale energy storage technologies;
            (9) electronically controlled reclosers and similar 
        technologies for power restoration;
            (10) advanced energy analytics technology, such as 
        internet-based and cloud-based computing solutions and 
        subscription licensing models;
            (11) efforts that enhance resilience through planning, 
        preparation, response, and recovery activities;
            (12) operational capabilities to enhance resilience through 
        rapid response recovery; and
            (13) efforts to ensure availability of key critical 
        components through contracts, cooperative agreements, 
        stockpiling and prepositioning, or other measures.
    (d) Implementation.--Specific projects or programs established, or 
to be established, pursuant to grants provided under this section shall 
be implemented through grant recipients by public and publicly 
regulated entities on a cost-shared basis.
    (e) Cooperation.--In carrying out projects or programs established, 
or to be established, pursuant to grants provided under this section, 
recipients shall cooperate, as applicable, with--
            (1) State public utility commissions;
            (2) State energy offices;
            (3) electric infrastructure owners and operators; and
            (4) other entities responsible for maintaining electric 
        reliability.
    (f) Data and Metrics.--
            (1) In general.--To the extent practicable, grant 
        recipients shall utilize the most current data, metrics, and 
        frameworks related to--
                    (A) electricity delivery infrastructure hardening 
                and enhancing resilience and reliability; and
                    (B) current and future threats, including physical 
                and cyber attacks, electromagnetic pulse, geomagnetic 
                disturbances, seismic events, severe weather, and 
                climate change.
            (2) Metrics.--Grant recipients shall demonstrate to the 
        Secretary of Energy, with measurable and verifiable data, how 
        the deployment of resiliency-related technologies, upgrades, 
        and measures achieve improvements in the resiliency and 
        recovery of electricity delivery infrastructure and related 
        services, including a comparison of data collected before and 
        after deployment. Metrics for demonstrating improvements in 
        resiliency and recovery may include--
                    (A) power quality during power disturbances when 
                delivered power does not meet power quality 
                requirements of the customer;
                    (B) duration of customer interruptions;
                    (C) number of customers impacted;
                    (D) cost impacts, including business and other 
                economic losses;
                    (E) impacts on electricity-dependent essential 
                services and critical facilities; and
                    (F) societal impacts.
            (3) Furthering energy assurance plans.--Grant recipients 
        shall demonstrate to the Secretary of Energy how projects or 
        programs established, or to be established, pursuant to grants 
        provided under this section further applicable State and local 
        energy assurance plans.
    (g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $515,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2020 through 2024, of which not more than $15,000,000 per fiscal 
year may be used for administrative expenses.

                    PART 2--21ST CENTURY POWER GRID

SEC. 31201. GRANT PROGRAM FOR GRID MODERNIZATION PROJECTS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Energy shall establish a program 
to provide financial assistance to eligible partnerships to carry out 
projects related to the modernization of the electric grid, including--
            (1) projects for the application of technologies to improve 
        monitoring of, advanced controls for, and prediction of 
        performance of, the distribution system; and
            (2) projects related to transmission system 
        interconnections.
    (b) Eligible Projects.--To be eligible for financial assistance 
under subsection (a), a project shall--
            (1) be designed to--
                    (A) improve the resiliency, performance, and 
                efficiency of the future electric grid, while ensuring 
                the continued provision of safe, secure, reliable, and 
                affordable power; or
                    (B) deploy a new product or technology that could 
                be used by customers of an electric utility; and
            (2) demonstrate--
                    (A) secure integration and management of energy 
                resources, including through distributed energy 
                generation, combined heat and power, micro-grids, 
                energy storage, electric vehicles, energy efficiency, 
                demand response, or intelligent loads; or
                    (B) secure integration and interoperability of 
                communications and information technologies related to 
                the electric grid.
    (c) Cybersecurity Plan.--Each project carried out with assistance 
provided under subsection (a) shall include the development of a 
cybersecurity plan written in accordance with guidelines developed by 
the Secretary.
    (d) Privacy Effects Analysis.--Each project carried out with 
assistance provided under subsection (a) shall include a privacy 
effects analysis that evaluates the project in accordance with the 
Voluntary Code of Conduct of the Department of Energy, commonly known 
as the ``DataGuard Energy Data Privacy Program'', or the most recent 
revisions to the privacy program of the Department.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Eligible partnership.--The term ``eligible 
        partnership'' means a partnership consisting of two or more 
        entities, which--
                    (A) may include--
                            (i) any institution of higher education;
                            (ii) a National Laboratory;
                            (iii) a State or a local government or 
                        other public body created by or pursuant to 
                        State law;
                            (iv) an Indian Tribe;
                            (v) a Federal power marketing 
                        administration; or
                            (vi) an entity that develops and provides 
                        technology; and
                    (B) shall include at least one of any of--
                            (i) an electric utility;
                            (ii) a regional transmission organization; 
                        or
                            (iii) an independent system operator.
            (2) Electric utility.--The term ``electric utility'' has 
        the meaning given that term in section 3(22) of the Federal 
        Power Act (16 U.S.C. 796(22)), except that such term does not 
        include an entity described in subparagraph (B) of such 
        section.
            (3) Federal power marketing administration.--The term 
        ``Federal power marketing administration'' means the Bonneville 
        Power Administration, the Southeastern Power Administration, 
        the Southwestern Power Administration, or the Western Area 
        Power Administration.
            (4) Independent system operator; regional transmission 
        organization.--The terms ``independent system operator'' and 
        ``regional transmission organization'' have the meanings given 
        those terms in section 3 of the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 
        796).
            (5) Institution of higher education.--The term 
        ``institution of higher education'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
        U.S.C. 1001(a)).
    (f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section $200,000,000 
for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024, to remain available until 
expended.

SEC. 31202. INTERREGIONAL TRANSMISSION PLANNING REPORT.

    Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Energy shall submit to Congress a report that--
            (1) examines the effectiveness of interregional 
        transmission planning processes for identifying transmission 
        projects across regions that provide economic, reliability, or 
        operational benefits, taking into consideration the public 
        interest, the integrity of markets, and the protection of 
        consumers;
            (2) evaluates the current architecture of regional 
        electricity grids (including international transmission 
        connections of such grids) that together comprise the Nation's 
        electricity grid, with respect to--
                    (A) potential growth in renewable energy 
                generation, including energy generation from offshore 
                wind;
                    (B) potential growth in electricity demand; and
                    (C) retirement of existing electricity generation 
                assets;
            (3) analyzes--
                    (A) the range of benefits that interregional 
                transmission provides;
                    (B) the impact of basing transmission project 
                approvals on a comprehensive assessment of the multiple 
                benefits provided;
                    (C) synchronization of processes described in 
                paragraph (1) among neighboring regions;
                    (D) how often interregional transmission planning 
                should be completed;
                    (E) whether voltage, size, or cost requirements 
                should be a factor in the approval of interregional 
                transmission projects;
                    (F) cost allocation methodologies for interregional 
                transmission projects; and
                    (G) current barriers and challenges to construction 
                of interregional transmission projects; and
            (4) identifies potential changes, based on the analysis 
        under paragraph (3), to the processes described in paragraph 
        (1) to ensure the most efficient, cost effective, and broadly 
        beneficial transmission projects are selected for construction.

          PART 3--ENERGY EFFICIENT TRANSFORMER REBATE PROGRAM

SEC. 31301. ENERGY EFFICIENT TRANSFORMER REBATE PROGRAM.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Qualified energy efficient transformer.--The term 
        ``qualified energy efficient transformer'' means a transformer 
        that meets or exceeds the applicable energy conservation 
        standards described in the tables in subsection (b)(2) and 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (c) of section 431.196 of 
        title 10, Code of Federal Regulations (as in effect on the date 
        of enactment of this Act).
            (2) Qualified energy inefficient transformer.--The term 
        ``qualified energy inefficient transformer'' means a 
        transformer with an equal number of phases and capacity to a 
        transformer described in any of the tables in subsection (b)(2) 
        and paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (c) of section 431.196 
        of title 10, Code of Federal Regulations (as in effect on the 
        date of enactment of this Act) that--
                    (A) does not meet or exceed the applicable energy 
                conservation standards described in paragraph (1); and
                    (B)(i) was manufactured between January 1, 1985, 
                and December 31, 2006, for a transformer with an equal 
                number of phases and capacity as a transformer 
                described in the table in subsection (b)(2) of section 
                431.196 of title 10, Code of Federal Regulations (as in 
                effect on the date of enactment of this Act); or
                    (ii) was manufactured between January 1, 1990, and 
                December 31, 2009, for a transformer with an equal 
                number of phases and capacity as a transformer 
                described in the table in paragraph (1) or (2) of 
                subsection (c) of that section (as in effect on the 
                date of enactment of this Act).
            (3) Qualified entity.--The term ``qualified entity'' means 
        an owner of industrial or manufacturing facilities, commercial 
        buildings, or multifamily residential buildings, a utility, or 
        an energy service company, that fulfills the requirements of 
        subsection (c).
    (b) Establishment.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Energy shall establish a 
program to provide rebates to qualified entities for expenditures made 
by the qualified entity for the replacement of a qualified energy 
inefficient transformer with a qualified energy efficient transformer.
    (c) Requirements.--To be eligible to receive a rebate under this 
section, an entity shall submit to the Secretary of Energy an 
application in such form, at such time, and containing such information 
as the Secretary may require, including demonstrated evidence--
            (1) that the entity purchased a qualified energy efficient 
        transformer;
            (2) of the core loss value of the qualified energy 
        efficient transformer;
            (3) of the age of the qualified energy inefficient 
        transformer being replaced;
            (4) of the core loss value of the qualified energy 
        inefficient transformer being replaced--
                    (A) as measured by a qualified professional or 
                verified by the equipment manufacturer, as applicable; 
                or
                    (B) for transformers described in subsection 
                (a)(2)(B)(i), as selected from a table of default 
                values as determined by the Secretary in consultation 
                with applicable industry; and
            (5) that the qualified energy inefficient transformer has 
        been permanently decommissioned and scrapped.
    (d) Authorized Amount of Rebate.--The amount of a rebate provided 
under this section shall be--
            (1) for a 3-phase or single-phase transformer with a 
        capacity of not less than 10 and not greater than 2,500 
        kilovolt-amperes, twice the amount equal to the difference in 
        watts between the core loss value (as measured in accordance 
        with paragraphs (2) and (4) of subsection (c)) of--
                    (A) the qualified energy inefficient transformer; 
                and
                    (B) the qualified energy efficient transformer; or
            (2) for a transformer described in subsection (a)(2)(B)(i), 
        the amount determined using a table of default rebate values by 
        rated transformer output, as measured in kilovolt-amperes, as 
        determined by the Secretary in consultation with applicable 
        industry.
    (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2020 through 2024, to remain available until expended.

             PART 4--STRATEGIC TRANSFORMER RESERVE PROGRAM

SEC. 31401. STRATEGIC TRANSFORMER RESERVE PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Energy shall establish a 
program to reduce the vulnerability of the electric grid to physical 
attack, cyber attack, electromagnetic pulse, geomagnetic disturbances, 
severe weather, climate change, and seismic events, including by--
            (1) ensuring that large power transformers, generator step-
        up transformers, and other critical electric grid equipment are 
        strategically located to ensure timely replacement of such 
        equipment as may be necessary to restore electric grid function 
        rapidly in the event of severe damage to the electric grid due 
        to physical attack, cyber attack, electromagnetic pulse, 
        geomagnetic disturbances, severe weather, climate change, or 
        seismic events; and
            (2) establishing a coordinated plan to facilitate 
        transportation of large power transformers and other critical 
        electric grid equipment.
    (b) Transformer Resilience and Advanced Components Program.--The 
program established under subsection (a) shall include implementation 
of the Transformer Resilience and Advanced Components program to--
            (1) improve large power transformers and other critical 
        electric grid equipment by reducing their vulnerabilities; and
            (2) develop, test, and deploy innovative equipment designs 
        that are more flexible and offer greater resiliency of electric 
        grid functions.
    (c) Strategic Equipment Reserves.--
            (1) Authorization.--In carrying out the program established 
        under subsection (a), the Secretary may establish one or more 
        federally owned strategic equipment reserves, as appropriate, 
        to ensure nationwide access to reserve equipment.
            (2) Consideration.--In establishing any federally owned 
        strategic equipment reserve, the Secretary may consider 
        existing spare transformer and equipment programs and 
        requirements established by the private sector, regional 
        transmission operators, independent system operators, and State 
        regulatory authorities.
    (d) Consultation.--The program established under subsection (a) 
shall be carried out in consultation with the Federal Energy Regulatory 
Commission, the Electricity Subsector Coordinating Council, the 
Electric Reliability Organization, and owners and operators of critical 
electric infrastructure and defense and military installations.
    (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $75,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2020 through 2024.

              Subtitle B--Energy Efficient Infrastructure

       PART 1--EFFICIENCY GRANTS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

SEC. 32101. ENERGY EFFICIENT PUBLIC BUILDINGS.

    Section 125(c) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 
15822(c)) is amended by striking ``$30,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
2006 through 2010'' and inserting ``$100,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2020 through 2024''.

SEC. 32102. ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND CONSERVATION BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM.

    (a) Purpose.--Section 542(b)(1) of the Energy Independence and 
Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17152(b)(1)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting a semicolon;
            (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking the semicolon and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) diversifies energy supplies, including by 
                facilitating and promoting the use of alternative 
                fuels;''.
    (b) Use of Funds.--Section 544(9) of the Energy Independence and 
Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17154(9)) is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(9) deployment of energy distribution technologies that 
        significantly increase energy efficiency or expand access to 
        alternative fuels, including--
                    ``(A) distributed resources;
                    ``(B) district heating and cooling systems; and
                    ``(C) infrastructure for delivering alternative 
                fuels;''.
    (c) Competitive Grants.--Section 546(c)(2) of the Energy 
Independence and Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17156(c)(2)) is 
amended by inserting ``, including projects to expand the use of 
alternative fuels'' before the period at the end.
    (d) Funding.--Section 548(a) of the Energy Independence and 
Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17158(a)) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(a) Authorization of Appropriations.--
            ``(1) Grants.--There is authorized to be appropriated to 
        the Secretary for the provision of grants under the program 
        $3,500,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024.
            ``(2) Administrative costs.--There is authorized to be 
        appropriated to the Secretary for administrative expenses of 
        the program $35,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2020 through 
        2024.''.
    (e) Technical Amendments.--Section 543 of the Energy Independence 
and Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17153) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c), by striking ``subsection (a)(2)'' 
        and inserting ``subsection (a)(3)''; and
            (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``subsection (a)(3)'' 
        and inserting ``subsection (a)(4)''.

                  PART 2--SMART BUILDING ACCELERATION

SEC. 32201. SHORT TITLE.

    This part may be cited as the ``Smart Building Acceleration Act''.

SEC. 32202. FINDINGS.

    Congress finds that--
            (1) the building sector uses more than 40 percent of the 
        energy of the United States;
            (2) emerging building energy monitoring and control 
        technologies are enabling a transition of the building sector 
        to ``smart'' buildings that have dramatically reduced energy 
        use and improved quality of service to occupants;
            (3) an analysis of select private-sector smart buildings by 
        the Department of Energy would document the costs and benefits 
        of the emerging technologies, promote the adoption of the 
        technologies, and accelerate the transition to the 
        technologies;
            (4) with over 400,000 buildings, the Federal Government is 
        the largest building owner in the United States; and
            (5) the Federal Government can also accelerate the 
        transition to smart building technologies by demonstrating and 
        evaluating emerging smart building technologies using existing 
        programs and funding to showcase selected Federal smart 
        buildings.

SEC. 32203. DEFINITIONS.

    In this part:
            (1) Department.--The term ``Department'' means the 
        Department of Energy.
            (2) Program.--The term ``program'' means the Federal Smart 
        Building Program established under section 32204(a).
            (3) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Energy.
            (4) Smart building.--The term ``smart building'' means a 
        building, or collection of buildings, with an energy system 
        that--
                    (A) is flexible and automated;
                    (B) has extensive operational monitoring and 
                communication connectivity, allowing remote monitoring 
                and analysis of all building functions;
                    (C) takes a systems-based approach in integrating 
                the overall building operations for control of energy 
                generation, consumption, and storage;
                    (D) communicates with utilities and other third-
                party commercial entities, if appropriate;
                    (E) protects the health and safety of occupants and 
                workers; and
                    (F) is cybersecure.
            (5) Smart building accelerator.--The term ``smart building 
        accelerator'' means an initiative that is designed to 
        demonstrate specific innovative policies and approaches--
                    (A) with clear goals and a clear timeline; and
                    (B) that, on successful demonstration, would 
                accelerate investment in energy efficiency.
            (6) Internet of things technology solution.--The term 
        ``internet of things technology solution'' means a solution 
        that improves energy efficiency and predictive maintenance 
        through cutting edge technologies that utilize internet 
        connected technologies including sensors, intelligent gateways, 
        and security embedded hardware.

SEC. 32204. FEDERAL SMART BUILDING PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall, in consultation with the 
Administrator of General Services, establish a program to be known as 
the ``Federal Smart Building Program''--
            (1) to implement smart building technology; and
            (2) to demonstrate the costs and benefits of smart 
        buildings.
    (b) Selection.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall coordinate the 
        selection of not fewer than 1 building from among each of 
        several key Federal agencies, as described in subsection (d), 
        to compose an appropriately diverse set of smart buildings 
        based on size, type, and geographic location.
            (2) Inclusion of commercially operated buildings.--In 
        making selections under paragraph (1), the Secretary may 
        include buildings that are owned by the Federal Government but 
        are commercially operated.
    (c) Targets.--Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall establish targets for the number of 
smart buildings to be commissioned and evaluated by key Federal 
agencies by 3 years and 6 years after the date of enactment of this 
Act.
    (d) Federal Agency Described.--The key Federal agencies referred to 
subsection (b)(1) shall include buildings operated by--
            (1) the Department of the Army;
            (2) the Department of the Navy;
            (3) the Department of the Air Force;
            (4) the Department;
            (5) the Department of the Interior;
            (6) the Department of Veterans Affairs; and
            (7) the General Services Administration.
    (e) Requirement.--In implementing the program, the Secretary shall 
leverage existing financing mechanisms including energy savings 
performance contracts, utility energy service contracts, and annual 
appropriations.
    (f) Evaluation.--Using the guidelines of the Federal Energy 
Management Program relating to whole-building evaluation, measurement, 
and verification, the Secretary shall evaluate the costs and benefits 
of the buildings selected under subsection (b), including an 
identification of--
            (1) which advanced building technologies--
                    (A) are most cost-effective; and
                    (B) show the most promise for--
                            (i) increasing building energy savings;
                            (ii) increasing service performance to 
                        building occupants;
                            (iii) reducing environmental impacts; and
                            (iv) establishing cybersecurity; and
            (2) any other information the Secretary determines to be 
        appropriate.
    (g) Awards.--The Secretary may expand awards made under the Federal 
Energy Management Program and the Better Building Challenge to 
recognize specific agency achievements in accelerating the adoption of 
smart building technologies.

SEC. 32205. SURVEY OF PRIVATE SECTOR SMART BUILDINGS.

    (a) Survey.--The Secretary shall conduct a survey of privately 
owned smart buildings throughout the United States, including 
commercial buildings, laboratory facilities, hospitals, multifamily 
residential buildings, and buildings owned by nonprofit organizations 
and institutions of higher education.
    (b) Selection.--From among the smart buildings surveyed under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall select not fewer than 1 building 
each from an appropriate range of building sizes, types, and geographic 
locations.
    (c) Evaluation.--Using the guidelines of the Federal Energy 
Management Program relating to whole-building evaluation, measurement, 
and verification, the Secretary shall evaluate the costs and benefits 
of the buildings selected under subsection (b), including an 
identification of--
            (1) which advanced building technologies and systems--
                    (A) are most cost-effective; and
                    (B) show the most promise for--
                            (i) increasing building energy savings;
                            (ii) increasing service performance to 
                        building occupants;
                            (iii) reducing environmental impacts; and
                            (iv) establishing cybersecurity; and
            (2) any other information the Secretary determines to be 
        appropriate.

SEC. 32206. LEVERAGING EXISTING PROGRAMS.

    (a) Better Building Challenge.--As part of the Better Building 
Challenge of the Department, the Secretary, in consultation with major 
private sector property owners, shall develop smart building 
accelerators to demonstrate innovative policies and approaches that 
will accelerate the transition to smart buildings in the public, 
institutional, and commercial buildings sectors.
    (b) Research and Development.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall conduct research and 
        development to address key barriers to the integration of 
        advanced building technologies and to accelerate the transition 
        to smart buildings.
            (2) Inclusion.--The research and development conducted 
        under paragraph (1) shall include research and development on--
                    (A) achieving whole-building, systems-level 
                efficiency through smart system and component 
                integration;
                    (B) improving physical components, such as sensors 
                and controls, to be adaptive, anticipatory, and 
                networked;
                    (C) reducing the cost of key components to 
                accelerate the adoption of smart building technologies;
                    (D) data management, including the capture and 
                analysis of data and the interoperability of the energy 
                systems;
                    (E) protecting against cybersecurity threats and 
                addressing security vulnerabilities of building systems 
                or equipment;
                    (F) business models, including how business models 
                may limit the adoption of smart building technologies 
                and how to support transactive energy;
                    (G) integration and application of combined heat 
                and power systems and energy storage for resiliency;
                    (H) characterization of buildings and components;
                    (I) consumer and utility protections;
                    (J) continuous management, including the challenges 
                of managing multiple energy systems and optimizing 
                systems for disparate stakeholders;
                    (K) integration of internet of things technology 
                solutions, including measures to increase water and 
                energy efficiency, improve water quality, support real-
                time utility management, and enable actionable 
                analytics and predictive maintenance to improve 
                building systems long-term viability; and
                    (L) other areas of research and development, as 
                determined appropriate by the Secretary.

SEC. 32207. REPORT.

    Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, and 
every 2 years thereafter until a total of 3 reports have been made, the 
Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources 
of the Senate and the Committee on Energy and Commerce and the 
Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of 
Representatives a report on--
            (1) the establishment of the Federal Smart Building Program 
        and the evaluation of Federal smart buildings under section 
        32204;
            (2) the survey and evaluation of private sector smart 
        buildings under section 32205; and
            (3) any recommendations of the Secretary to further 
        accelerate the transition to smart buildings.

               PART 3--WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM

SEC. 32301. SHORT TITLE.

    This part may be cited as the ``Weatherization Enhancement and 
Local Energy Efficiency Investment and Accountability Act''.

SEC. 32302. WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) Reauthorization of Weatherization Assistance Program.--Section 
422 of the Energy Conservation and Production Act (42 U.S.C. 6872) is 
amended by striking ``appropriated--'' and all that follows through 
``2012..'' and inserting ``appropriated $350,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2020 through 2024.''.
    (b) Modernizing the Definition of Weatherization Materials.--
Section 412(9)(J) of the Energy Conservation and Production Act (42 
U.S.C. 6862(9)(J)) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``, including renewable energy 
        technologies and other advanced technologies,'' after ``devices 
        or technologies''; and
            (2) by striking ``, after consulting with the Secretary of 
        Housing and Urban Development, the Secretary of Agriculture, 
        and the Director of the Community Services Administration''.
    (c) Consideration of Health Benefits.--Section 413(b) of the Energy 
Conservation and Production Act (42 U.S.C. 6863(b)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (6) as 
        paragraphs (5) through (7), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (3), the following:
    ``(4) The Secretary may amend the regulations prescribed under 
paragraph (1) to provide that the standards described in paragraph 
(2)(A) take into consideration improvements in the health and safety of 
occupants of dwelling units, and other non-energy benefits, from 
weatherization.''.
    (d) Contractor Optimization.--
            (1) In general.--The Energy Conservation and Production Act 
        is amended by inserting after section 414B (42 U.S.C. 6864b) 
        the following:

``SEC. 414C. CONTRACTOR OPTIMIZATION.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may request that entities 
receiving funding from the Federal Government or from a State through a 
weatherization assistance program under section 413 or section 414 
perform periodic reviews of the use of private contractors in the 
provision of weatherization assistance, and encourage expanded use of 
contractors as appropriate.
    ``(b) Use of Training Funds.--Entities described in subsection (a) 
may use funding described in such subsection to train private, non-
Federal entities that are contracted to provide weatherization 
assistance under a weatherization program, in accordance with rules 
determined by the Secretary.''.
            (2) Table of contents amendment.--The table of contents for 
        the Energy Conservation and Production Act is amended by 
        inserting after the item relating to section 414B the 
        following:

``Sec. 414C. Contractor optimization.''.
    (e) Financial Assistance for WAP Enhancement and Innovation.--
            (1) In general.--The Energy Conservation and Production Act 
        is amended by inserting after section 414C (as added by 
        subsection (d) of this section) the following:

``SEC. 414D. FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FOR WAP ENHANCEMENT AND INNOVATION.

    ``(a) Purposes.--The purposes of this section are--
            ``(1) to expand the number of dwelling units that are 
        occupied by low-income persons that receive weatherization 
        assistance by making such dwelling units weatherization-ready;
            ``(2) to promote the deployment of renewable energy in 
        dwelling units that are occupied by low-income persons;
            ``(3) to ensure healthy indoor environments by enhancing or 
        expanding health and safety measures and resources available to 
        dwellings that are occupied by low-income persons; and
            ``(4) to disseminate new methods and best practices among 
        entities providing weatherization assistance.
    ``(b) Financial Assistance.--The Secretary shall, to the extent 
funds are made available, award financial assistance through a 
competitive process to entities receiving funding from the Federal 
Government or from a State through a weatherization program under 
section 413 or section 414, or to nonprofit entities, to be used by 
such an entity--
            ``(1) with respect to dwelling units that are occupied by 
        low-income persons, to--
                    ``(A) implement measures to make such dwelling 
                units weatherization-ready by addressing structural, 
                plumbing, roofing, and electrical issues, environmental 
                hazards, or other measures that the Secretary 
                determines to be appropriate;
                    ``(B) install energy efficiency technologies, 
                including home energy management systems, smart 
                devices, and other technologies the Secretary 
                determines to be appropriate;
                    ``(C) install renewable energy systems (as defined 
                in section 415(c)(6)(A)); and
                    ``(D) implement measures to ensure healthy indoor 
                environments by improving indoor air quality, 
                accessibility, and other healthy homes measures as 
                determined by the Secretary;
            ``(2) to improve the capability of the entity--
                    ``(A) to significantly increase the number of 
                energy retrofits performed by such entity;
                    ``(B) to replicate best practices for work 
                performed pursuant to this section on a larger scale; 
                and
                    ``(C) to leverage additional funds to sustain the 
                provision of weatherization assistance and other work 
                performed pursuant to this section after financial 
                assistance awarded under this section is expended;
            ``(3) for innovative outreach and education regarding the 
        benefits and availability of weatherization assistance and 
        other assistance available pursuant to this section;
            ``(4) for quality control of work performed pursuant to 
        this section;
            ``(5) for data collection, measurement, and verification 
        with respect to such work;
            ``(6) for program monitoring, oversight, evaluation, and 
        reporting regarding such work;
            ``(7) for labor, training, and technical assistance 
        relating to such work;
            ``(8) for planning, management, and administration (up to a 
        maximum of 15 percent of the assistance provided); and
            ``(9) for such other activities as the Secretary determines 
        to be appropriate.
    ``(c) Award Factors.--In awarding financial assistance under this 
section, the Secretary shall consider--
            ``(1) the applicant's record of constructing, renovating, 
        repairing, or making energy efficient single-family, 
        multifamily, or manufactured homes that are occupied by low-
        income persons, either directly or through affiliates, 
        chapters, or other partners (using the most recent year for 
        which data are available);
            ``(2) the number of dwelling units occupied by low-income 
        persons that the applicant has built, renovated, repaired, 
        weatherized, or made more energy efficient in the 5 years 
        preceding the date of the application;
            ``(3) the qualifications, experience, and past performance 
        of the applicant, including experience successfully managing 
        and administering Federal funds;
            ``(4) the strength of an applicant's proposal to achieve 
        one or more of the purposes under subsection (a);
            ``(5) the extent to which such applicant will utilize 
        partnerships and regional coordination to achieve one or more 
        of the purposes under subsection (a);
            ``(6) regional and climate zone diversity;
            ``(7) urban, suburban, and rural localities; and
            ``(8) such other factors as the Secretary determines to be 
        appropriate.
    ``(d) Applications.--
            ``(1) Administration.--To be eligible for an award of 
        financial assistance under this section, an applicant shall 
        submit to the Secretary an application in such manner and 
        containing such information as the Secretary may require.
            ``(2) Awards.--Subject to the availability of 
        appropriations, not later than 270 days after the date of 
        enactment of this section, the Secretary shall make a first 
        award of financial assistance under this section.
    ``(e) Maximum Amount and Term.--
            ``(1) In general.--The total amount of financial assistance 
        awarded to an entity under this section shall not exceed 
        $2,000,000.
            ``(2) Technical and training assistance.--The total amount 
        of financial assistance awarded to an entity under this section 
        shall be reduced by the cost of any technical and training 
        assistance provided by the Secretary that relates to such 
        financial assistance.
            ``(3) Term.--The term of an award of financial assistance 
        under this section shall not exceed 3 years.
    ``(f) Requirements.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this section, the Secretary shall issue requirements to 
implement this section, including, for entities receiving financial 
assistance under this section--
            ``(1) standards for allowable expenditures;
            ``(2) a minimum saving-to-investment ratio; and
            ``(3) standards for--
                    ``(A) training programs;
                    ``(B) energy audits;
                    ``(C) the provision of technical assistance;
                    ``(D) monitoring activities carried out using such 
                financial assistance;
                    ``(E) verification of energy and cost savings;
                    ``(F) liability insurance requirements; and
                    ``(G) recordkeeping and reporting requirements, 
                which shall include reporting to the Office of 
                Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs of the 
                Department of Energy applicable data on each dwelling 
                unit retrofitted or otherwise assisted pursuant to this 
                section.
    ``(g) Compliance With State and Local Law.--Nothing in this section 
supersedes or otherwise affects any State or local law, to the extent 
that the State or local law contains a requirement that is more 
stringent than the applicable requirement of this section.
    ``(h) Review and Evaluation.--The Secretary shall review and 
evaluate the performance of each entity that receives an award of 
financial assistance under this section (which may include an audit).
    ``(i) Annual Report.--The Secretary shall submit to Congress an 
annual report that provides a description of--
            ``(1) actions taken under this section to achieve the 
        purposes of this section; and
            ``(2) accomplishments as a result of such actions, 
        including energy and cost savings achieved.
    ``(j) Funding.--
            ``(1) Amounts.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For each of fiscal years 2020 
                through 2024, of the amount made available under 
                section 422 for such fiscal year to carry out the 
                weatherization program under this part (not including 
                any of such amount made available for Department of 
                Energy headquarters training or technical assistance), 
                not more than--
                            ``(i) 2 percent of such amount (if such 
                        amount is $225,000,000 or more but less than 
                        $260,000,000) may be used to carry out this 
                        section;
                            ``(ii) 4 percent of such amount (if such 
                        amount is $260,000,000 or more but less than 
                        $300,000,000) may be used to carry out this 
                        section; and
                            ``(iii) 6 percent of such amount (if such 
                        amount is $300,000,000 or more) may be used to 
                        carry out this section.
                    ``(B) Minimum.--For each of fiscal years 2020 
                through 2024, if the amount made available under 
                section 422 (not including any of such amount made 
                available for Department of Energy headquarters 
                training or technical assistance) for such fiscal year 
                is less than $225,000,000, no funds shall be made 
                available to carry out this section.
            ``(2) Limitation.--For any fiscal year, the Secretary may 
        not use more than $25,000,000 of the amount made available 
        under section 422 to carry out this section.''.
            (2) Table of contents.--The table of contents for the 
        Energy Conservation and Production Act is amended by inserting 
        after the item relating to section 414C the following:

``Sec. 414D. Financial assistance for WAP enhancement and 
                            innovation.''.
    (f) Increase in Administrative Funds.--Section 415(a)(1) of the 
Energy Conservation and Production Act (42 U.S.C. 6865(a)(1)) is 
amended by striking ``10 percent'' and inserting ``15 percent''.
    (g) Amending Re-Weatherization Date.--Paragraph (2) of section 
415(c) of the Energy Conservation and Production Act (42 U.S.C. 
6865(c)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(2) Dwelling units weatherized (including dwelling units 
partially weatherized) under this part, or under other Federal programs 
(in this paragraph referred to as `previous weatherization'), may not 
receive further financial assistance for weatherization under this part 
until the date that is 15 years after the date such previous 
weatherization was completed. This paragraph does not preclude dwelling 
units that have received previous weatherization from receiving 
assistance and services (including the provision of information and 
education to assist with energy management and evaluation of the 
effectiveness of installed weatherization materials) other than 
weatherization under this part or under other Federal programs, or from 
receiving non-Federal assistance for weatherization.''.

SEC. 32303. REPORT ON WAIVERS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Energy shall submit to Congress a report on the status 
of any request for a waiver of any requirement under section 200.313 of 
title 2, Code of Federal Regulations, as such requirement applies with 
respect to the weatherization assistance program under part A of title 
IV of the Energy Conservation and Production Act (42 U.S.C. 6861 et 
seq.), including a description of any such waiver that has been granted 
and any such request for a waiver that has been considered but not 
granted.

               PART 4--SMART ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY

SEC. 32401. SHORT TITLE.

    This part may be cited as the ``Smart Energy and Water Efficiency 
Act of 2019''.

SEC. 32402. SMART ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY PROGRAM.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Eligible entity.--The term ``eligible entity'' means--
                    (A) a municipality;
                    (B) a water district; and
                    (C) any other entity that provides water, 
                wastewater, or water reuse services, including a joint 
                water and power authority.
            (2) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Energy.
            (3) Smart energy and water efficiency program.--The term 
        ``smart energy and water efficiency program'' or ``program'' 
        means the program established under subsection (b).
    (b) Smart Energy and Water Efficiency Program.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish and carry 
        out a smart energy and water efficiency program in accordance 
        with this section.
            (2) Eligible projects.--In carrying out the smart energy 
        and water efficiency program, the Secretary shall award grants 
        to eligible entities to carry out projects that implement 
        advanced and innovative technology-based solutions that will 
        improve the energy or water efficiency of water, wastewater, or 
        water reuse systems to--
                    (A) help eligible entities make significant 
                progress in conserving water, conserving energy, or 
                reducing the operating costs of such systems;
                    (B) support the implementation of innovative 
                processes or the installation of advanced automated 
                systems that provide real-time data on energy and 
                water; or
                    (C) improve predictive maintenance of water, 
                wastewater, or water reuse systems through the use of 
                Internet-connected technologies, such as sensors, 
                intelligent gateways, or security embedded in hardware.
            (3) Project selection.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall make 
                competitive, merit-reviewed grants under the program to 
                not fewer than 3, but not more than 5, eligible 
                entities.
                    (B) Selection criteria.--In selecting an eligible 
                entity to receive a grant under the program, the 
                Secretary shall consider--
                            (i) energy and cost savings anticipated to 
                        result from the project;
                            (ii) the innovative nature, commercial 
                        viability, and reliability of the technology to 
                        be used;
                            (iii) the degree to which the project 
                        integrates innovative sensors, software, 
                        hardware, analytics, and management tools;
                            (iv) the anticipated cost-effectiveness of 
                        the project in terms of energy savings, water 
                        savings or reuse, and infrastructure costs 
                        averted;
                            (v) whether the technology can be deployed 
                        in a variety of geographic regions and the 
                        degree to which the technology can be 
                        implemented on a smaller or larger scale, 
                        including whether the technology can be 
                        implemented by other types of eligible 
                        entities; and
                            (vi) whether implementation of the project 
                        will be complete within 5 years.
                    (C) Applications.--
                            (i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), an 
                        eligible entity seeking a grant under the 
                        program shall submit to the Secretary an 
                        application at such time, in such manner, and 
                        containing such information as the Secretary 
                        determines to be necessary.
                            (ii) Contents.--An application under clause 
                        (i) shall, at a minimum, include--
                                    (I) a description of the project;
                                    (II) a description of the 
                                technology to be used in the project;
                                    (III) the anticipated results, 
                                including energy and water savings, of 
                                the project;
                                    (IV) a comprehensive budget for the 
                                project; and
                                    (V) the number of households or 
                                customers that are served by the 
                                eligible entity and will benefit from 
                                the project.
            (4) Administration.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 300 days after the 
                date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
                select grant recipients under this section.
                    (B) Evaluations.--The Secretary shall annually for 
                5 years carry out an evaluation of each project for 
                which a grant is provided under this section that--
                            (i) evaluates the progress and effects of 
                        the project; and
                            (ii) assesses the degree to which the 
                        project can be replicated in other regions, 
                        systems, and situations.
                    (C) Technical assistance.--On the request of a 
                grant recipient, the Secretary shall provide technical 
                assistance to the grant recipient to carry out the 
                project.
                    (D) Best practices.--The Secretary shall make 
                available to the public--
                            (i) a copy of each evaluation carried out 
                        under subparagraph (B); and
                            (ii) a description of any best practices 
                        identified by the Secretary as a result of 
                        those evaluations.
                    (E) Report to congress.--Not later than the date on 
                which the Secretary completes the last evaluation 
                required under subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall 
                submit to Congress a report containing the results of 
                each evaluation carried out under such subparagraph.
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated $15,000,000 to carry out this section, to remain available 
until expended.

 PART 5--ACCELERATED ADOPTION OF ENERGY EFFICIENT ENGINES AND VEHICLES

SEC. 32501. REAUTHORIZATION OF DIESEL EMISSIONS REDUCTION PROGRAM.

    Section 797(a) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 
16137(a)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``$100,000,000'' and inserting 
        ``$200,000,000''; and
            (2) by striking ``2016'' and inserting ``2024''.

SEC. 32502. REAUTHORIZATION OF CLEAN SCHOOL BUSES PROGRAM.

    (a) Definitions.--
            (1) Alternative fuel.--Section 741(a)(2) of the Energy 
        Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16091(a)) is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``or'' after 
                the semicolon;
                    (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; or''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(D) electricity.''.
            (2) Clean school bus.--Section 741(a)(3) of the Energy 
        Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16091(a)(3)) is amended by 
        striking ``that--'' and all that follows through ``(B) is 
        operated'' and inserting ``that is operated''.
    (b) Program for Retrofit or Replacement of Certain Existing School 
Buses With Clean School Buses.--
            (1) Priority of grant applications.--Section 741(b)(2) of 
        the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16091(b)(2)) is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting before the 
                period at the end ``with clean school buses with low or 
                zero emissions''; and
                    (B) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as 
                follows:
                    ``(B) Retrofitting.--In the case of grant 
                applications to retrofit school buses, the 
                Administrator shall give--
                            ``(i) highest priority to applicants that 
                        propose to retrofit school buses manufactured 
                        in or after model year 1991 to become clean 
                        school buses with low or zero emissions; and
                            ``(ii) second highest priority to 
                        applicants that otherwise propose to retrofit 
                        school buses manufactured in or after model 
                        year 1991 to become clean school buses.''.
            (2) Use of school bus fleet.--Section 741(b)(3)(B) of the 
        Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16091(b)(3)(B)) is amended 
        by inserting ``charged,'' after ``operated,''.
            (3) Replacement grants.--Paragraph (5) of section 741(b) of 
        the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16091(b)) is amended 
        to read as follows:
            ``(5) Replacement grants.--In the case of grants to replace 
        school buses--
                    ``(A) the Administrator may award the grants for up 
                to 60 percent of the replacement costs; and
                    ``(B) such replacement costs may include the costs 
                of acquiring the clean school buses and charging and 
                fueling infrastructure.''.
            (4) Ultra low-sulfur diesel fuel.--Section 741(b) of the 
        Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16091(b)) is amended--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (6); and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (7) and (8) as 
                paragraphs (6) and (7), respectively.
    (c) Education.--Paragraph (1) of section 741(c) of the Energy 
Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16091(c)) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        enactment of the Leading Infrastructure for Tomorrow's America 
        Act, the Administrator shall develop an education outreach 
        program to promote and explain the grant program under 
        subsection (b), as amended by such Act.''.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 741(d) of the Energy 
Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16091(d)) is amended by striking ``until 
expended--'' and all that follows through the end of the subsection and 
inserting ``until expended, $50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2020 
through 2024.''.

        PART 6--ENERGY IMPROVEMENTS AT PUBLIC SCHOOL FACILITIES

SEC. 32601. GRANTS FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENTS AND RENEWABLE 
              ENERGY IMPROVEMENTS AT PUBLIC SCHOOL FACILITIES.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Eligible entity.--The term ``eligible entity'' means a 
        consortium of--
                    (A) one local educational agency; and
                    (B) one or more--
                            (i) schools;
                            (ii) nonprofit organizations;
                            (iii) for-profit organizations; or
                            (iv) community partners that have the 
                        knowledge and capacity to partner and assist 
                        with energy improvements.
            (2) Energy improvements.--The term ``energy improvements'' 
        means--
                    (A) any improvement, repair, or renovation, to a 
                school that will result in a direct reduction in school 
                energy costs including but not limited to improvements 
                to building envelope, air conditioning, ventilation, 
                heating system, domestic hot water heating, compressed 
                air systems, distribution systems, lighting, power 
                systems and controls;
                    (B) any improvement, repair, renovation, or 
                installation that leads to an improvement in teacher 
                and student health including but not limited to indoor 
                air quality, daylighting, ventilation, electrical 
                lighting, and acoustics; and
                    (C) the installation of renewable energy 
                technologies (such as wind power, photovoltaics, solar 
                thermal systems, geothermal energy, hydrogen-fueled 
                systems, biomass-based systems, biofuels, anaerobic 
                digesters, and hydropower) involved in the improvement, 
                repair, or renovation to a school.
    (b) Authority.--From amounts made available for grants under this 
section, the Secretary of Energy shall provide competitive grants to 
eligible entities to make energy improvements authorized by this 
section.
    (c) Priority.--In making grants under this subsection, the 
Secretary shall give priority to eligible entities that have 
renovation, repair, and improvement funding needs and are--
            (1) a high-need local educational agency, as defined in 
        section 2102 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
        1965 (20 14 U.S.C. 6602); or
            (2) a local educational agency designated with a 
        metrocentric locale code of 41, 42, or 43 as determined by the 
        National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), in conjunction 
        with the Bureau of the Census, using the NCES system for 
        classifying local educational agencies.
    (d) Competitive Criteria.--The competitive criteria used by the 
Secretary shall include the following:
            (1) The fiscal capacity of the eligible entity to meet the 
        needs for improvements of school facilities without assistance 
        under this section, including the ability of the eligible 
        entity to raise funds through the use of local bonding capacity 
        and otherwise.
            (2) The likelihood that the local educational agency or 
        eligible entity will maintain, in good condition, any facility 
        whose improvement is assisted.
            (3) The potential energy efficiency and safety benefits 
        from the proposed energy improvements.
    (e) Applications.--To be eligible to receive a grant under this 
section, an applicant must submit to the Secretary an application that 
includes each of the following:
            (1) A needs assessment of the current condition of the 
        school and facilities that are to receive the energy 
        improvements.
            (2) A draft work plan of what the applicant hopes to 
        achieve at the school and a description of the energy 
        improvements to be carried out.
            (3) A description of the applicant's capacity to provide 
        services and comprehensive support to make the energy 
        improvements.
            (4) An assessment of the applicant's expected needs for 
        operation and maintenance training funds, and a plan for use of 
        those funds, if any.
            (5) An assessment of the expected energy efficiency and 
        safety benefits of the energy improvements.
            (6) A cost estimate of the proposed energy improvements.
            (7) An identification of other resources that are available 
        to carry out the activities for which funds are requested under 
        this section, including the availability of utility programs 
        and public benefit funds.
    (f) Use of Grant Amounts.--
            (1) In general.--The recipient of a grant under this 
        section shall use the grant amounts only to make the energy 
        improvements contemplated in the application, subject to the 
        other provisions of this subsection.
            (2) Operation and maintenance training.--The recipient may 
        use up to 5 percent for operation and maintenance training for 
        energy efficiency and renewable energy improvements (such as 
        maintenance staff and teacher training, education, and 
        preventative maintenance training).
            (3) Audit.--The recipient may use funds for a third-party 
        investigation and analysis for energy improvements (such as 
        energy audits and existing building commissioning).
            (4) Continuing education.--The recipient may use up to 1 
        percent of the grant amounts to develop a continuing education 
        curriculum relating to energy improvements.
    (g) Contracting Requirements.--
            (1) Davis-bacon.--Any laborer or mechanic employed by any 
        contractor or subcontractor in the performance of work on any 
        energy improvements funded by a grant under this section shall 
        be paid wages at rates not less than those prevailing on 
        similar construction in the locality as determined by the 
        Secretary of Labor under subchapter IV of chapter 31 of title 
        40, United States Code (commonly referred to as the Davis-Bacon 
        Act).
            (2) Competition.--Each applicant that receives funds shall 
        ensure that, if the applicant carries out repair or renovation 
        through a contract, any such contract process--
                    (A) ensures the maximum number of qualified 
                bidders, including small, minority, and women-owned 
                businesses, through full and open competition; and
                    (B) gives priority to businesses located in, or 
                resources common to, the State or the geographical area 
                in which the project is carried out.
    (h) Reporting.--Each recipient of a grant under this section shall 
submit to the Secretary, at such time as the Secretary may require, a 
report describing the use of such funds for energy improvements, the 
estimated cost savings realized by those energy improvements, the 
results of any audit, the use of any utility programs and public 
benefit funds and the use of performance tracking for energy 
improvements (such as the Department of Energy: Energy Star program or 
LEED for Existing Buildings).
    (i) Best Practices.--The Secretary shall develop and publish 
guidelines and best practices for activities carried out under this 
section.
    (j) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $100,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2020 through 2024.

               PART 7--HOMEOWNER MANAGING ENERGY SAVINGS

SEC. 32701. SHORT TITLE.

    This part may be cited as the ``Home Owner Managing Energy Savings 
Act of 2019'' or the ``HOMES Act''.

SEC. 32702. DEFINITIONS.

    In this part:
            (1) BPI.--The term ``BPI'' means the Building Performance 
        Institute.
            (2) Energy audit.--The term ``energy audit'' means an 
        inspection, survey, and analysis of energy flows for energy 
        conservation in a building, process, or system to reduce the 
        amount of energy input into the system without negatively 
        affecting the output. An energy audit is the first step in 
        identifying opportunities to reduce energy expense and carbon 
        footprints.
            (3) Electric utility.--The term ``electric utility'' means 
        any company, person, cooperative, State, or Indian tribe agency 
        that delivers or sells electric energy at retail, including 
        nonregulated utilities, utilities that are subject to State or 
        Indian tribe rate regulation, and Federal power marketing 
        administrations.
            (4) Federal rebate processing system.--The term ``Federal 
        Rebate Processing System'' means the Federal Rebate Processing 
        System established under section 32703(b).
            (5) Home.--The term ``home'' means a residential dwelling 
        unit in a building with no more than 4 dwelling units that--
                    (A) is located in the United States;
                    (B) was constructed before the date of enactment of 
                this Act; and
                    (C) is occupied at least six months out of the 
                year.
            (6) Home energy savings retrofit rebate program.--The terms 
        ``Home Energy Savings Retrofit Rebate Program'' or ``Program'' 
        means the Home Energy Savings Retrofit Rebate Program 
        established under section 32703(a).
            (7) Homeowner.--The term ``homeowner'' means the owner of 
        an owner-occupied home or a tenant-occupied home.
            (8) Indian tribe.--The term ``Indian tribe'' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 4 of the Indian Self-
        Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304).
            (9) Natural gas utility.--The term ``natural gas utility'' 
        means any company, person, cooperative, State or local 
        governmental agency or instrumentality, or Indian tribe that 
        transports, distributes, or sells natural gas at retail.
            (10) Qualified contractor.--The term ``qualified 
        contractor'' means a residential energy efficiency contractor 
        that meets minimum applicable requirements established under 
        section 32704.
            (11) Qualified home energy efficiency retrofit.--The term 
        ``qualified home energy efficiency retrofit'' means a retrofit 
        described in section 32708(d).
            (12) Quality assurance program.--The term ``quality 
        assurance program'' means a program established under this 
        part, or recognized by the Secretary under this part, to 
        oversee the delivery of home efficiency retrofit programs to 
        ensure that work is performed in accordance with standards and 
        criteria established under this part. Delivery of retrofit 
        programs includes delivery of quality assurance reviews of 
        rebate applications and field inspections. Individuals 
        performing quality assurance work under a quality assurance 
        program must be certified under an ANSI accredited quality 
        control inspection certification designation.
            (13) Quality assurance provider.--The term ``quality 
        assurance provider'' means any entity that meets the minimum 
        applicable requirements established under section 32706.
            (14) Rebate aggregator.--The term ``rebate aggregator'' 
        means an entity that meets the requirements of section 32705.
            (15) RESNET.--The term ``RESNET'' means the Residential 
        Energy Services Network, which is a nonprofit certification and 
        standard setting organization for home energy raters that 
        evaluate the energy performance of a home and Energy Smart 
        Contractors that make energy improvements to the home.
            (16) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Energy.
            (17) State.--The term ``State'' means--
                    (A) a State;
                    (B) the District of Columbia;
                    (C) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico;
                    (D) Guam;
                    (E) American Samoa;
                    (F) the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
                Islands;
                    (G) the United States Virgin Islands; and
                    (H) any other territory or possession of the United 
                States.

SEC. 32703. HOME ENERGY SAVINGS RETROFIT REBATE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish the Home Energy 
Savings Retrofit Rebate Program.
    (b) Federal Rebate Processing System.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with the 
        Secretary of the Treasury, shall--
                    (A) establish a Federal Rebate Processing System 
                which shall serve as a database and information 
                technology system that will allow rebate aggregators to 
                submit claims for reimbursement using standard data 
                protocols;
                    (B) establish a national retrofit website that 
                provides information on the Home Energy Savings 
                Retrofit Rebate Program, including--
                            (i) how to determine whether particular 
                        efficiency measures are eligible for rebates; 
                        and
                            (ii) how to participate in the Program; and
                    (C) make available model forms for demonstrating 
                compliance with all applicable requirements of this 
                part, which shall be required to be submitted by--
                            (i) each qualified contractor on completion 
                        of an eligible home energy retrofit; and
                            (ii) each quality assurance provider on 
                        completion of field verification.
            (2) Model forms.--In carrying out paragraph (1)(C), the 
        Secretary shall convene a group of stakeholders that are 
        directly and materially affected by the Program to develop the 
        final forms.

SEC. 32704. CONTRACTORS.

    (a) Contractor Qualifications.--A contractor may perform retrofit 
work under the Home Energy Savings Retrofit Rebate Program in a State 
if the contractor--
            (1) meets all applicable contractor licensing requirements 
        established by the State;
            (2) is--
                    (A) accredited by--
                            (i) BPI as a BPI GoldStar Contractor;
                            (ii) RESNET as an Energy Smart Home 
                        Performance Team;
                            (iii) ACCA as a QA Home Performance 
                        Contractor;
                            (iv) a State-based certification program 
                        established to carry out State energy, clean 
                        air, or environmental programs; or
                            (v) an equivalent accreditation program 
                        approved by the Secretary for this purpose; or
                    (B) the general contractor, and--
                            (i) subjects the energy efficiency retrofit 
                        to a third-party review by a party approved by 
                        the Secretary and a quality assurance 
                        inspection authorized by the Secretary; and
                            (ii) employs, or utilizes subcontractors 
                        who employ, individuals to complete individual 
                        or comprehensive scopes of work related to the 
                        energy efficiency retrofit who are certified 
                        by--
                                    (I) BPI;
                                    (II) RESNET;
                                    (III) NATE;
                                    (IV) ACCA;
                                    (V) LIUNA;
                                    (VI) the Regional and State 
                                Department of Energy Weatherization 
                                Training Centers; or
                                    (VII) other contractor or worker 
                                certification programs approved by the 
                                Secretary;
            (3) holds insurance coverage of at least $1,000,000 for 
        general liability, and for such other purposes and in such 
        other amounts as required by the State;
            (4) provides warranties to the homeowner that completed 
        work will--
                    (A) be free of significant defects;
                    (B) be installed in accordance with the 
                specifications of the manufacturer, and all applicable 
                State and local codes; and
                    (C) perform properly for a period of at least 1 
                year after the date of completion of the work; and
            (5) completes an energy audit to determine the impact of 
        the proposed energy efficiency measures in accordance with an 
        ANSI accredited energy auditing standard.
    (b) Agreement Between Contractor and Homeowner.--A contractor who 
performs retrofit work under the Home Energy Savings Retrofit Rebate 
Program must sign a written or electronic contract with the homeowner 
that includes--
            (1) an agreement to not increase the cost of the home 
        improvement as a result of the rebates received under this part 
        with respect to physical improvements made to the home;
            (2) if the contractor and homeowner choose the transferable 
        rebate option authorized under section 32707, an agreement to 
        provide the homeowner, before a contract is executed between 
        the contractor and the homeowner covering the eligible work, a 
        notice of the rebate amount the contractor intends to apply for 
        with respect to eligible work under this part; and
            (3) a notice that the homeowner acknowledges that they--
                    (A) reviewed the national retrofit website for the 
                Program;
                    (B) understand the scope of work intended to be 
                completed and that such work may be eligible for a 
                rebate under the Program; and
                    (C) understand that the rebate funds are fully 
                subject to availability from the Department of Energy 
                or rebate aggregator and not within the control of the 
                contractor.

SEC. 32705. REBATE AGGREGATORS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall develop a network of rebate 
aggregators or a national rebate aggregator that can facilitate the 
delivery of rebates to homeowners or contractors participating in the 
Home Energy Savings Retrofit Rebate Program by--
            (1) reviewing the proposed rebate application for 
        completeness and accuracy;
            (2) reviewing measures for eligibility in accordance with 
        this part;
            (3) providing data to the Federal Rebate Processing System 
        consistent with data protocols established by the Secretary; 
        and
            (4) not later than 30 days after the date of receipt, 
        distributing funds received from the Department of Energy to 
        homeowners or contractors.
    (b) Eligibility.--To be eligible to apply to the Secretary for 
approval as a rebate aggregator, an entity shall be--
            (1) a Home Performance with Energy Star program sponsor;
            (2) an entity administering a residential or building 
        energy efficiency retrofit program, solar program, or other 
        such program impacting energy efficiency in homes established 
        or approved by a State or local government;
            (3) a Federal power marketing administration, an electric 
        utility, or a natural gas utility that has--
                    (A) a residential energy efficiency retrofit 
                program; and
                    (B) a quality assurance provider or provider 
                network; or
            (4) an entity that demonstrates to the Secretary that the 
        entity can perform the functions of a rebate aggregator, 
        without disrupting existing residential retrofits in the States 
        that are incorporating the Home Energy Savings Retrofit Rebate 
        Program, including demonstration of--
                    (A) the capability to provide electronic data to 
                the Federal Rebate Processing System;
                    (B) a financial system that is capable of tracking 
                the distribution of rebates to participating 
                contractors; and
                    (C) coordination and cooperation by the entity with 
                the appropriate State energy office regarding 
                participation in the existing energy efficiency 
                programs that will be delivering the Home Energy 
                Savings Retrofit Rebate Program.
    (c) Public Utility Commission Efficiency Targets.--The Secretary 
shall--
            (1) develop guidelines for States and local governments to 
        use to allow utilities participating as rebate aggregators to 
        count the energy savings from the participation of the 
        utilities toward State and local level energy savings targets; 
        and
            (2) work with States and local governments to assist in the 
        adoption of those guidelines for the purposes and duration of 
        the Home Energy Savings Retrofit Rebate Program.

SEC. 32706. QUALITY ASSURANCE PROVIDERS.

    (a) Qualifications.--An entity shall be considered a quality 
assurance provider under this part only if the entity is qualified 
through--
            (1) the BPI;
            (2) RESNET; or
            (3) any other entity designated by the Secretary such as a 
        State, local government, or State-approved or local government-
        approved residential energy efficiency retrofit program.
    (b) Functions.--A quality assurance provider shall--
            (1) be independent of the contractor;
            (2) confirm that contractors or installers of home energy 
        efficiency retrofits meet the qualification requirements of 
        this part; and
            (3) perform field inspections to confirm the compliance of 
        the retrofit work and the simulated energy savings under the 
        Home Energy Savings Retrofit Rebate Program.

SEC. 32707. TRANSFERABILITY OF HOME ENERGY SAVINGS REBATE.

    A homeowner may transfer the rebate provided under the Home Energy 
Savings Retrofit Rebate Program to the contractor performing the 
retrofit work if the contractor completes a form that accompanies the 
rebate form developed under section 32703(b). This form, to be made 
publically available by the Secretary 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, must be approved by paper signature or 
electronically by the homeowner and include--
            (1) the amount of the rebate the contractor will submit for 
        disbursement to the contractor;
            (2) the level of energy use reduction of the home retrofit 
        certified under section 32708(e)(4), and assurance that the 
        contractor will provide the certificate to the homeowner within 
        30 days of receipt from the Department of Energy;
            (3) a documentation report of the retrofit performed and 
        paid by the homeowner; and
            (4) confirmation from the homeowner that they understand 
        they have the right to submit directly for the rebate and have 
        chosen to transfer the credit in full to the contractor.

SEC. 32708. HOME ENERGY SAVINGS RETROFIT REBATE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--If a qualified home energy efficiency retrofit of 
a home is carried out after the date of enactment of this Act by a 
qualified contractor in accordance with this part, subject to 
appropriations made available for such purpose, rebates shall be 
awarded for retrofits that achieve home energy savings in accordance 
with this part.
    (b) Amount of Rebates.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to subsection (e), the amount of a 
        rebate provided to the owner of a home or a designee of the 
        owner under this section shall be determined in accordance with 
        the following formula:
                    (A) Retrofits that are projected to save at least 
                20 percent of energy use (Home Performance Retrofits) 
                shall receive a rebate of $2,500.
                    (B) Retrofits that are projected to save at least 
                40 percent of energy use (Deep Home Performance 
                Retrofits) shall receive a rebate of $5,000.
            (2) Rebate payment.--
                    (A) In general.--The rebate shall be paid, based on 
                energy savings as calculated under subsection (e), 
                within 60 days after--
                            (i) submission of the required rebate 
                        forms; and
                            (ii) the completion of any quality 
                        assurance assessment required under 
                        subparagraph (B).
                    (B) Quality assurance assessments.--The Secretary 
                shall establish a schedule of required quality 
                assurance assessments. In the first year of the 
                Program, the first 10 homes retrofit by each contractor 
                and then 60 percent of all future homes shall be 
                required to have a quality assurance assessment. The 
                Secretary shall establish a cost effective schedule of 
                required quality assurance assessments for subsequent 
                years based on performance under the Program.
                    (C) Bonus incentive.--Recipients of grants under 
                section 32709 and rebate aggregators are encouraged to 
                present a proposal to the Secretary for an incentive 
                bonus for contractors who have delivered services to 
                consumers and who have achieved a 70 percent or greater 
                realization rate for predicted gross energy cost 
                savings achieved by their portfolio of participating 
                customers. Bonus incentives under such a proposal may 
                be up to 20 percent of the rebate paid to the 
                homeowner.
            (3) Limitation.--In no event shall the amount of rebates 
        under this subsection exceed--
                    (A) $10,000 with respect to any individual; or
                    (B) 50 percent of the qualified home energy 
                efficiency expenditures paid or incurred by the 
                homeowner under subsection (c).
    (c) Qualified Home Energy Efficiency Expenditures.--For purposes of 
this section, the term ``qualified home energy efficiency 
expenditures''--
            (1) means any amount paid or incurred by a homeowner for a 
        qualified home energy efficiency retrofit, including the cost 
        of diagnostic procedures, labor, reporting, and modeling; and
            (2) does not include--
                    (A) improvements to swimming pools or hot tubs; or
                    (B) any amount paid or incurred to purchase or 
                install a biomass, wood, or wood pellet furnace, 
                boiler, or stove, unless the system--
                            (i) is designed to meet at least 70 percent 
                        of the heating demands of the home;
                            (ii) in the case of woodstoves, is 
                        certified by the Environmental Protection 
                        Agency;
                            (iii) in the case of a wood stove 
                        replacement, replaces an existing wood stove 
                        with a stove that is certified by the 
                        Environmental Protection Agency, if a voucher 
                        is provided by the installer or other 
                        responsible party certifying that the old stove 
                        has been removed and made inoperable;
                            (iv) in the case of a furnace or boiler, is 
                        in a home with a distribution system (such as 
                        piping, ducts, vents, blowers, or affixed fans) 
                        that allows heat from the furnace or boiler to 
                        reach all or most parts of the home; and
                            (v) is certified by an independent test 
                        laboratory approved by the Secretary as 
                        having--
                                    (I) thermal efficiency (with a high 
                                heating value) of at least 75 percent 
                                for stoves and 80 percent for furnaces 
                                and boilers;
                                    (II) particulate emissions of less 
                                than 3.0 grams per hour for wood stoves 
                                or pellet stoves; and
                                    (III) less than 0.07 lbs per 
                                million BTU for outdoor boilers and 
                                furnaces.
    (d) Qualified Home Energy Efficiency Retrofit.--
            (1) In general.--A qualified home energy efficiency 
        retrofit is a retrofit that implements measures, during a 
        rebate-eligible year in the existing principal residence of the 
        homeowner which is located in the United States, intended to 
        reduce the energy use of such residence. A qualified home 
        energy efficiency retrofit shall--
                    (A) be implemented and installed by a qualified 
                contractor;
                    (B) install a set of measures modeled to achieve a 
                reduction in home energy use of 20 percent or more from 
                the baseline established under subparagraph (C), using 
                computer modeling software approved under paragraph 
                (2);
                    (C) establish the baseline energy use as provided 
                in subsection (e)(1)(C);
                    (D) implement a test-out procedure, following 
                guidelines of the applicable accrediting program 
                established by an organization identified in section 
                32704(a)(2) or equivalent guidelines approved by the 
                Secretary for this purpose, to ensure--
                            (i) the safe operation of all systems post 
                        retrofit; and
                            (ii) that, except as provided in paragraph 
                        (3), all improvements are included in, and have 
                        been installed according to--
                                    (I) standards of the applicable 
                                accrediting program established by an 
                                organization identified in section 
                                32704(a)(2);
                                    (II) manufacturers installation 
                                specifications; and
                                    (III) all applicable State and 
                                local codes or equivalent standards 
                                approved by the Secretary for this 
                                purpose;
                    (E) include only measures that have an average 
                estimated life of 5 years or more as determined by the 
                Secretary;
                    (F) not include funds paid or incurred in 
                connection with any expansion of the square footage of 
                the residence; and
                    (G) not include improvements to swimming pools or 
                hot tubs or any other expenditure specifically excluded 
                by the Secretary.
            (2) Approved modeling software.--The contractor shall use 
        modeling software certified by RESNET as following the software 
        verification test suites in section 4.2.1 of RESNET Publication 
        No. 13-001, or under equivalent standards approved by the 
        Secretary for this purpose, and shall have the ability at a 
        minimum to assess the savings associated with all the measures 
        for Home Energy Savings Retrofit Rebate Program.
            (3) Exception.--For purposes of paragraph (1)(D)(ii), 
        installation of gas-fired appliances shall comply with 
        requirements of the National Fuel Gas Code (ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 
        54) and applicable installation requirements in lieu of 
        performance of combustion tests outside those required by the 
        National Fuel Gas Code (2012 Edition) and the International 
        Fuel Gas Code (2012 Edition).
    (e) Energy Use Reduction.--
            (1) Determination of energy use reduction.--
                    (A) In general.--The reduction in energy use for 
                any residence shall be determined by modeling the 
                annual predicted percentage reduction in total energy 
                consumption or costs for heating, cooling, hot water, 
                and permanent lighting. It shall be modeled using 
                computer modeling software approved under subsection 
                (d)(2) and calibrated according to subparagraph (C) of 
                this paragraph.
                    (B) Energy costs.--For the purposes of subparagraph 
                (A), the energy cost per unit of fuel for each fuel 
                type shall be determined by dividing the total actual 
                energy bill (subtracting taxes and fees) for the 
                residence for that fuel type for the most recent 
                available 12-month period by the total energy units of 
                that fuel type used over the same period.
                    (C) Baseline energy use.--For the purposes of 
                subparagraph (A), the software model that establishes 
                the baseline energy use and predicted energy savings 
                shall be calibrated according to the procedures set 
                forth in sections 3 and 4 of ANSI/BPI Standard BPI-
                2400-S-2012: Standard Practice for Standardized 
                Qualification of Whole-House Energy Savings Predictions 
                by Calibration to Energy Use History, or an equivalent 
                standard approved by the Secretary for this purpose.
            (2) Documentation.--The percent improvement in energy 
        consumption calculated under this section shall be documented 
        through modeling software described in subsection (d)(2).
            (3) Monitoring.--The Secretary--
                    (A) shall periodically evaluate the software 
                packages used for determining rebates under this 
                section;
                    (B) shall monitor and compare the predictions to 
                the real energy data, and based on the results, create 
                performance criteria to allow or disallow the software; 
                and
                    (C) may disallow the use of software programs that 
                improperly assess energy savings.
            (4) Certificate of retrofit performance.--The Secretary 
        shall establish a system for distribution of a certificate of 
        performance in accordance with BPI-2101-S-2013: Standard 
        Requirements for a Certificate of Completion for Residential 
        Energy Efficiency Upgrades with the issuance of a rebate that 
        certifies the predicted level of energy use reduction achieved 
        by the retrofit. The certificate shall be provided to the 
        rebate recipient. If the recipient is the contractor under the 
        terms of section 32707, the contractor shall remit the 
        certificate to the homeowner, to be delivered or postmarked not 
        later than 30 days after the contractor's receipt of the 
        certificate.
            (5) Exception.--The Secretary shall not utilize the 
        authority provided under this part to--
                    (A) develop, adopt, or implement a public labeling 
                system that rates and compares the energy performance 
                of one home with another; or
                    (B) require the public disclosure of an energy 
                performance evaluation or rating developed for any 
                specific home.
        Nothing in this paragraph shall preclude the computation, 
        collection, or use, by the Secretary, rebate aggregators, or 
        quality assurance providers, or the States or Indian tribes, 
        for the purposes of gathering information on the rating and 
        comparison of the energy performance of homes with and without 
        energy efficiency retrofits.
    (f) Qualification for Rebate.--On submission of a claim for a 
retrofit rebate by a rebate aggregator, the Secretary shall provide 
reimbursement to the rebate aggregator, if--
            (1) the retrofit is a qualified home energy efficiency 
        retrofit;
            (2) the amount of the reimbursement is not more than the 
        amount described in subsection (b);
            (3) documentation required to verify the claim is 
        transmitted with the claim; and
            (4) any quality assurance assessment required by the 
        Secretary or the rebate aggregator has been completed.
    (g) Audits.--
            (1) In general.--On making payment for a submission under 
        this section, the Secretary shall review rebate requests to 
        determine whether Program requirements were met in all 
        respects.
            (2) Incorrect payment.--On a determination of the Secretary 
        under paragraph (1) that a payment was made incorrectly to a 
        party, not later than 3 years after the payment was provided 
        the Secretary shall--
                    (A) recoup the amount of the incorrect payment; or
                    (B) withhold the amount of the incorrect payment 
                from the next payment made to the party pursuant to a 
                subsequent request.
    (h) Incentives.--The amount of incentives that the Secretary may 
provide to quality assurance providers and rebate aggregators under 
this part shall be--
            (1) $50 for each rebate review and submission provided 
        under the Program;
            (2) $250 for each field inspection conducted under the 
        Program; or
            (3) such other amounts as the Secretary considers necessary 
        to carry out the quality assurance provisions of this part.

SEC. 32709. GRANTS TO STATES AND INDIAN TRIBES.

    (a) In General.--A State or Indian tribe that receives a grant 
under subsection (d) shall be permitted to use the grant for--
            (1) administrative costs;
            (2) oversight of quality assurance plans;
            (3) development of a quality assurance program;
            (4) establishment and delivery of financing pilots in 
        accordance with this part;
            (5) coordination with existing residential retrofit 
        programs and infrastructure development to assist deployment of 
        the Home Energy Savings Retrofit Rebate Program; and
            (6) the costs of carrying out the responsibilities of the 
        State or Indian tribe under the Home Energy Savings Retrofit 
        Rebate Program.
    (b) Initial Grants.--Not later than 60 days after receipt of a 
completed application for a grant under this section, the Secretary 
shall either make the grant or provide to the applicant an explanation 
for denying the grant.
    (c) Indian Tribes.--The Secretary shall reserve an appropriate 
amount of funding made available to carry out this section for each 
fiscal year to make grants available to Indian tribes under this 
section.
    (d) State Allotments.--From the amounts made available to carry out 
this section for each fiscal year remaining after the reservation 
required under subsection (c), the Secretary shall make grants 
available to States in accordance with section 32715.
    (e) Quality Assurance Programs.--
            (1) In general.--A State or Indian tribe may use a grant 
        made under this section to carry out a quality assurance 
        program that is--
                    (A) operated as part of a State or local government 
                approved energy conservation plan established under 
                part D of title III of the Energy Policy and 
                Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6321 et seq.);
                    (B) managed by the office or the designee of the 
                office that is--
                            (i) responsible for the development of the 
                        plan under section 362 of that Act (42 U.S.C. 
                        6322); and
                            (ii) to the maximum extent practicable 
                        conducting an existing energy efficiency 
                        program; and
                    (C) in the case of a grant made to an Indian tribe, 
                managed by an entity designated by the Indian tribe to 
                carry out a quality assurance program or a national 
                quality assurance program manager.
            (2) Noncompliance.--If the Secretary determines that a 
        State or Indian tribe has not provided or cannot provide 
        adequate oversight over a quality assurance program to ensure 
        compliance with this part, the Secretary may--
                    (A) withhold further quality assurance funds from 
                the State or Indian tribe; and
                    (B) require that quality assurance providers 
                operating in the State or by the Indian tribe be 
                overseen by a national quality assurance program 
                manager selected by the Secretary.
    (f) Implementation.--A State or Indian tribe that receives a grant 
under this section may implement a quality assurance program through 
the State, the Indian tribe, or a third party designated by the State 
or Indian tribe, including--
            (1) an energy service company;
            (2) an electric utility;
            (3) a natural gas utility;
            (4) a third-party administrator designated by the State or 
        Indian tribe; or
            (5) a unit of local government.
    (g) Public-Private Partnerships.--A State or Indian tribe that 
receives a grant under this section is encouraged to form partnerships 
with utilities, energy service companies, and other entities--
            (1) to assist in marketing a program;
            (2) to facilitate consumer financing;
            (3) to assist in implementation of the Home Energy Savings 
        Retrofit Rebate Program, including installation of qualified 
        home energy efficiency retrofits; and
            (4) to assist in implementing quality assurance programs.
    (h) Coordination of Rebate and Existing State-Sponsored Programs.--
            (1) In general.--A State or Indian tribe shall, to the 
        maximum extent practicable, prevent duplication through 
        coordination of a program authorized under this part with--
                    (A) the Energy Star appliance rebates program 
                authorized under the American Recovery and Reinvestment 
                Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-5; 123 Stat. 115); and
                    (B) comparable programs planned or operated by 
                States, political subdivisions, electric and natural 
                gas utilities, Federal power marketing administrations, 
                and Indian tribes.
            (2) Existing programs.--In carrying out this subsection, a 
        State or Indian tribe shall--
                    (A) give priority to--
                            (i) comprehensive retrofit programs in 
                        existence on the date of enactment of this Act, 
                        including programs under the supervision of 
                        State utility regulators; and
                            (ii) using funds made available under this 
                        part to enhance and extend existing programs; 
                        and
                    (B) seek to enhance and extend existing programs by 
                coordinating with administrators of the programs.

SEC. 32710. QUALITY ASSURANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) Plan.--As part of a grant application described in section 
32709(b), a State or Indian tribe shall submit to the Secretary a plan 
to implement a quality assurance program that covers all federally 
assisted residential efficiency retrofit work administered, supervised, 
or sponsored by the State or Indian tribe.
    (b) Implementation.--The State or Indian tribe shall--
            (1) develop a quality assurance program in consultation 
        with industry stakeholders, including representatives of 
        efficiency program managers, contractors, and environmental, 
        energy efficiency, and labor organizations; and
            (2) implement the quality assurance program not later than 
        180 days after receipt of a grant under section 32709.
    (c) Components.--The quality assurance program established under 
this section shall include--
            (1) maintenance of a list of qualified contractors 
        authorized to perform such retrofit work as described in 
        section 32704; and
            (2) nonbinding targets and realistic plans for--
                    (A) the recruitment of small minority-owned or 
                women-owned business enterprises; and
                    (B) the employment of graduates of training 
                programs that primarily serve low-income populations 
                with a median income that is below 200 percent of the 
                poverty line (as defined in section 673(2) of the 
                Community Services Block Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 9902(2)), 
                including any revision required by that section) by 
                participating contractors.
    (d) Noncompliance.--If the Secretary determines that a State or 
Indian tribe has not taken the steps required under this section, the 
Secretary shall provide to the State or Indian tribe a period of at 
least 90 days to comply before suspending the participation of the 
State or Indian tribe in the program.

SEC. 32711. EVALUATION REPORT TO CONGRESS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate and the 
Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives a 
report on the use of funds under this part.
    (b) Contents.--The report submitted under subsection (a) shall 
evaluate--
            (1) how many eligible participants have participated in the 
        Program;
            (2) how many jobs have been created through the Program, 
        directly and indirectly;
            (3) what steps could be taken to promote further deployment 
        of energy efficiency and renewable energy retrofits;
            (4) the quantity of verifiable energy savings, homeowner 
        energy bill savings, and other benefits of the Program;
            (5) any waste, fraud, or abuse with respect to such funds; 
        and
            (6) any other information the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
    (c) Noncompliance.--The Secretary shall require rebate aggregators, 
States, and Indian tribes to provide the information required to enable 
the Secretary to carry out this section. If the Secretary determines 
that a rebate aggregator, State, or Indian tribe has not provided such 
information on a timely basis, the Secretary shall provide to the 
rebate aggregator, State, or Indian tribe a period of at least 90 days 
to provide any necessary information, subject to withholding of funds 
or reduction of future grant amounts, or decertification of rebate 
aggregators.

SEC. 32712. ADMINISTRATION.

    (a) In General.--Subject to section 32715(b), not later than 30 
days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
provide such administrative and technical support to rebate 
aggregators, States, and Indian tribes as is necessary to carry out 
this part.
    (b) Appointment of Personnel.--Notwithstanding the provisions of 
title 5, United States Code, governing appointments in the competitive 
service and General Schedule classifications and pay rates, the 
Secretary may appoint such professional and administrative personnel as 
the Secretary considers necessary to carry out this part.
    (c) Rate of Pay.--The rate of pay for a person appointed under 
subsection (b) shall not exceed the maximum rate payable for GS-15 of 
the General Schedule under chapter 53 of title 5, United States Code.
    (d) Information Collection.--The Secretary shall establish, and 
make available to a homeowner, or the homeowner's designated 
representative, seeking a rebate under this part, release forms 
authorizing access by the Secretary, or a designated third-party 
representative to information in the utility bills of the homeowner. 
The form shall not include personal identifying information such as 
name, address, social security number or other identifying information 
as defined by the Secretary.

SEC. 32713. TREATMENT OF REBATES.

    (a) In General.--For purposes of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, 
rebates received for a qualified home energy efficiency retrofit under 
this part--
            (1) shall not be considered taxable income to a homeowner; 
        and
            (2) shall prohibit the consumer from applying for a tax 
        credit allowed under section 25C or 25D of that Code for the 
        same retrofit work performed in the home of the homeowner. If 
        the work is additional, and not included in the rebate 
        baseline, a homeowner may claim the credit.
    (b) Notice.--
            (1) In general.--A participating contractor shall provide 
        notice to a homeowner of the provisions of subsection (a) 
        before eligible work is performed in the home of the homeowner.
            (2) Notice in rebate form.--A homeowner shall be notified 
        of the provisions of subsection (a) in the appropriate rebate 
        form developed by the Secretary, in consultation with the 
        Secretary of the Treasury.

SEC. 32714. PENALTIES.

    (a) In General.--It shall be unlawful for any person to violate 
this part (including any regulation issued under this part), other than 
a violation as the result of a clerical error.
    (b) Civil Penalty.--In addition to any penalty applicable under 
other Federal law for fraud or other crimes, any person who commits a 
violation of this part shall be liable to the United States for a civil 
penalty in an amount that is not more than the higher of--
            (1) $15,000 for each violation; or
            (2) 3 times the value of any associated rebate under this 
        part.
    (c) Administration.--The Secretary may--
            (1) assess and compromise a penalty imposed under 
        subsection (b); and
            (2) require from any entity the records and inspections 
        necessary to enforce this part.

SEC. 32715. FUNDING.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--
            (1) In general.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
        the Secretary to carry out this part $250,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2020 through 2024, to remain available until 
        expended.
            (2) Maintenance of funding.--Funds provided under this 
        section shall supplement and not supplant any Federal and State 
        funding provided to carry out energy efficiency programs in 
        existence on the date of enactment of this Act.
    (b) Grants to States.--
            (1) In general.--Of the amounts provided under subsection 
        (a), not more than 6 percent shall be used to carry out section 
        32709.
            (2) Distribution to state energy offices.--Not later than 
        45 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
        shall determine a formula to provide funds described in 
        paragraph (1) to State energy offices, in accordance with the 
        allocation formula for State energy conservation plans 
        established under part D of title III of the Energy Policy and 
        Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6321 et seq.).
    (c) Tracking of Rebates and Expenditures.--Of the amount provided 
under subsection (a), not more than 2.5 percent are authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary to be used for costs associated with 
tracking rebates and expenditures through the Federal Rebate Processing 
System under this part, technical assistance to States, and related 
administrative costs incurred by the Secretary.
    (d) Program Review and Backstop Funding.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall perform a State-by-
        State analysis and review the distribution of rebates under 
        this part.
            (2) Adjustment.--The Secretary may allocate technical 
        assistance funding to assist States that have not sufficiently 
        benefitted from the Home Energy Savings Retrofit Rebate 
        Program.

SEC. 32716. PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--
            (1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        this part, the Secretary shall establish a Residential Energy 
        Efficiency Pay for Performance pilot program for States to 
        encourage the use of measured energy savings, and financial 
        payments for those energy savings, in the operation of 
        residential energy efficiency programs.
            (2) Criteria.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide common 
        measurement criteria, developed with input from home 
        performance industry stakeholders, to ensure comparability 
        among programs but allow flexibility in program design.
    (b) Grants.--In carrying out the pilot program established under 
this section, the Secretary shall provide, on a competitive basis, 
grants to not less than 5 State energy offices.
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--For fiscal year 2020, there 
are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section 
$100,000,000.
    (d) Definition.--In this section, the term ``State energy office'' 
means the office or agency of a State responsible for developing the 
State energy plan for the State under section 362 of the Energy Policy 
and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6322).

                Subtitle C--Energy Supply Infrastructure

                        PART 1--LOW-INCOME SOLAR

SEC. 33101. SHORT TITLE.

    This part may be cited as the ``Low-Income Solar Act of 2019''.

SEC. 33102. LOAN AND GRANT PROGRAM FOR SOLAR INSTALLATIONS IN LOW-
              INCOME AND UNDERSERVED AREAS.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Administrative expenses.--The term ``administrative 
        expenses'' has such meaning as may be established by the 
        Secretary.
            (2) Community solar facility.--The term ``community solar 
        facility'' means a photovoltaic solar electricity generating 
        facility that, as determined by the Secretary--
                    (A) through a voluntary program, provides electric 
                power or financial benefit to, or is owned by, multiple 
                community members;
                    (B) has a nameplate rating of 2 megawatts or less;
                    (C) is located in or near a community of 
                subscribers; and
                    (D) the owner or operator of which reserves not 
                less than 25 percent of the quantity of electricity 
                generated by the facility for low-income households 
                that are subscribers to the facility.
            (3) Eligible entity.--The term ``eligible entity'' means--
                    (A) a low-income household;
                    (B) a unit of State, territorial, or local 
                government;
                    (C) an Indian Tribe;
                    (D) a Native Hawaiian community-based organization;
                    (E) any other national or regional entity that--
                            (i) deploys a safe, high-quality 
                        photovoltaic solar electricity generating 
                        facility for consumers under a model that 
                        maximizes energy savings to those consumers; 
                        and
                            (ii) has experience, as determined by the 
                        Secretary, installing solar systems using a job 
                        training or community volunteer-based 
                        installation model; and
                    (F) for the loan program only, in addition to 
                entities described in subparagraphs (A) through (E), a 
                private entity that--
                            (i) deploys a safe, high-quality 
                        photovoltaic solar electricity generating 
                        facility for consumers under a model that 
                        maximizes energy savings to those consumers; 
                        and
                            (ii) will install solar systems using a job 
                        training installation model.
            (4) Grant-eligible household.--The term ``grant-eligible 
        household'' means a low-income household the members of which 
        reside in an owner-occupied home.
            (5) Indian tribe.--The term ``Indian Tribe'' means any 
        Indian Tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or 
        community, including any Alaska Native village, Regional 
        Corporation, or Village Corporation (as defined in, or 
        established pursuant to, the Alaska Native Claims Settlement 
        Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.)), that is recognized as eligible 
        for the special programs and services provided by the United 
        States to Indians because of their status as Indians.
            (6) Low-income household.--The term ``low-income 
        household'' means a household with an income equal to 80 
        percent or less of the applicable area median income, as 
        defined for the applicable year by the Secretary of Housing and 
        Urban Development.
            (7) Multi-family affordable housing.--The term ``multi-
        family affordable housing'' means any federally subsidized 
        affordable housing complex in which at least 50 percent of the 
        units are reserved for low-income households.
            (8) Native hawaiian community-based organization.--The term 
        ``Native Hawaiian community-based organization'' means any 
        organization that is composed primarily of Native Hawaiians 
        from a specific community and that assists in the social, 
        cultural, and educational development of Native Hawaiians in 
        that community.
            (9) Photovoltaic solar electricity generating facility.--
        The term ``photovoltaic solar electricity generating facility'' 
        means--
                    (A) a generator that creates electricity from light 
                photons; and
                    (B) the accompanying hardware enabling that 
                electricity to flow--
                            (i) onto the electric grid; or
                            (ii) into an energy storage device.
            (10) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Energy.
            (11) Subscriber.--The term ``subscriber'' means an 
        electricity consumer who owns a subscription, or an equivalent 
        unit or share of the capacity or generation, of a community 
        solar facility.
            (12) Subscription.--The term ``subscription'' means a share 
        in the capacity, or a proportional interest in the solar 
        electricity generation, of a community solar facility.
            (13) Underserved area.--The term ``underserved area'' 
        means--
                    (A) a geographical area with low or no photovoltaic 
                solar deployment, as determined by the Secretary; or
                    (B) trust land, as defined in section 3765 of title 
                38, United States Code.
    (b) Establishment of Loan and Grant Program.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a program 
        under which the Secretary shall provide loans and grants to 
        eligible entities for use in accordance with this section.
            (2) Funding.--
                    (A) In general.--Subject to the availability of 
                appropriations, the Secretary shall make grants and 
                issue loans in accordance with this subsection.
                    (B) Loans.--Not more than 50 percent of funds made 
                available pursuant to subparagraph (A) for a fiscal 
                year shall be used to provide loans to eligible 
                entities for--
                            (i) construction or installation of 
                        community solar facilities; or
                            (ii) construction or installation of 
                        photovoltaic solar electricity generating 
                        facilities to serve multi-family affordable 
                        housing.
                    (C) Grants.--After allocating amounts to carry out 
                subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall use the remaining 
                funds made available pursuant to subparagraph (A) for a 
                fiscal year to provide grants to eligible entities for 
                eligible uses described in subsection (e).
            (3) Goals and accountability.--In providing loans and 
        grants under this subsection, the Secretary shall take such 
        actions as may be necessary to ensure that--
                    (A) the assistance provided under this subsection 
                is used to facilitate and encourage innovative solar 
                installation and financing models, under which the 
                recipients develop and install photovoltaic solar 
                electricity generating facilities that provide 
                significant savings to low-income households while 
                providing job training or community engagement 
                opportunities with respect to each solar system 
                installed;
                    (B) the photovoltaic solar electricity generating 
                facilities installed using assistance provided under 
                this subsection are safe, high-quality systems that 
                comply with local building and safety codes and 
                standards;
                    (C) the program under this section establishes and 
                fosters a partnership between the Federal Government 
                and eligible entities, resulting in efficient 
                development of solar installations with--
                            (i) minimal governmental intervention;
                            (ii) limited governmental regulation; and
                            (iii) significant involvement by nonprofit 
                        and private entities;
                    (D) photovoltaic solar electricity generating 
                facilities installed using assistance provided under 
                this subsection--
                            (i) include job training and community 
                        participation to the extent practicable; and
                            (ii) may include community participation in 
                        which job trainees and volunteers assist in the 
                        development of solar projects;
                    (E) assistance provided under this subsection 
                prioritizes development in underserved areas;
                    (F) photovoltaic solar electricity generating 
                facilities are developed using assistance provided 
                under this subsection on a geographically diverse basis 
                among the eligible entities; and
                    (G) to the maximum extent practicable, solar 
                installation activities for which assistance is 
                provided under this section leverage, or connect grant-
                eligible households to, federally or locally subsidized 
                weatherization and energy efficiency efforts that meet 
                or exceed local energy efficiency standards.
    (c) National Competition.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall select eligible 
        entities to receive loans or grants under this section through 
        a nationwide competitive process, to be established by the 
        Secretary.
            (2) Applications.--To be eligible to receive a loan or 
        grant under this section, an eligible entity shall submit to 
        the Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, and 
        containing such information as the Secretary may require.
            (3) Requirements.--In selecting eligible entities to 
        receive loans or grants under this section, the Secretary 
        shall, at a minimum--
                    (A) require that the eligible entity--
                            (i) enter into a grant or loan agreement, 
                        as applicable, under subsection (d); and
                            (ii) has obtained financial commitments (or 
                        has demonstrated the capacity to obtain 
                        financial commitments) necessary to comply with 
                        that agreement;
                    (B) ensure that loans and grants are provided, and 
                amounts are used, in a manner that results in 
                geographical diversity throughout the United States and 
                within States, territories, and Indian tribal land 
                among photovoltaic solar electricity generating 
                facilities installed using the assistance provided 
                under this section;
                    (C) to the maximum extent practicable, expand 
                photovoltaic solar energy availability to--
                            (i) geographical areas, throughout the 
                        United States and within States, territories, 
                        and Indian tribal land, with--
                                    (I) low photovoltaic solar 
                                penetration; or
                                    (II) areas with a higher cost 
                                burden with respect to the deployment 
                                or installation of photovoltaic solar 
                                electricity generating facilities;
                            (ii) rural areas;
                            (iii) Indian tribes; and
                            (iv) other underserved areas, including 
                        Appalachian and Alaska Native communities;
                    (D) take into account the warranty period and 
                quality of the applicable photovoltaic solar 
                electricity generating facility equipment and any 
                necessary interconnecting equipment; and
                    (E) ensure all calculations for estimated household 
                energy savings are based solely on electricity offsets 
                from the photovoltaic solar electricity generating 
                facilities.
    (d) Loan and Grant Agreements.--
            (1) In general.--As a condition of receiving a loan or 
        grant under this section, an eligible entity shall enter into a 
        loan or grant agreement, as applicable, with the Secretary.
            (2) Requirements.--A loan or grant agreement under this 
        subsection shall--
                    (A) require the Secretary to rescind any amounts 
                provided to the eligible entity that are not used 
                during the 2-year period beginning on the date on which 
                the amounts are initially distributed to the eligible 
                entity, except in any case in which the eligible entity 
                has demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Secretary 
                that a longer period, not to exceed 3 years after the 
                date of initial distribution, is necessary to deliver 
                proposed services;
                    (B) for a loan provided under this section, 
                establish--
                            (i) an interest rate equal to the then-
                        current cost of funds to the Department of the 
                        Treasury for obligations of comparable maturity 
                        to the loan; and
                            (ii) a payout time that maximizes the 
                        savings to subscribers during the effective 
                        period of the agreement; and
                    (C) contain such other terms as the Secretary may 
                require to ensure compliance with the requirements of 
                this section.
    (e) Use.--An eligible entity shall use a loan or grant provided 
under this section only for the following activities, for the purpose 
of developing new photovoltaic solar electricity generating facilities 
in the United States for low-income households and individuals who 
otherwise would likely be unable to afford or purchase photovoltaic 
solar electricity generating facilities:
            (1) Photovoltaic solar equipment and installation.--To pay 
        the costs of--
                    (A) photovoltaic solar equipment and storage and 
                all hardware or software components relating to safely 
                producing, monitoring, and connecting the system to the 
                electric grid or onsite storage; and
                    (B) installation, including all direct labor costs 
                associated with installing the photovoltaic solar 
                equipment and storage.
            (2) Job training.--To fund onsite job training and 
        community or volunteer engagement, including--
                    (A) job training costs directly associated with the 
                solar projects funded under this section; and
                    (B) job training opportunities that may cover the 
                full range of the solar value chain, such as marketing 
                and outreach, customer acquisition, system design, and 
                installation positions.
            (3) Deployment support.--To fund entities that have a 
        demonstrated ability, as determined by the Secretary--
                    (A) to advise State and local entities regarding 
                low-income solar policy, regulatory, and program design 
                to continue and expand the work of the entities;
                    (B) to foster community outreach and education 
                regarding the benefits of photovoltaic solar energy for 
                low-income and disadvantaged communities; or
                    (C) to provide apprenticeship program opportunities 
                registered and approved by--
                            (i) the Office of Apprenticeship of the 
                        Department of Labor pursuant to part 29 of 
                        title 29, Code of Federal Regulations (or 
                        successor regulations); or
                            (ii) a State Apprenticeship Agency 
                        recognized by that Office.
            (4) Administration.--To pay the administrative expenses of 
        the eligible entity, including preproject feasibility efforts, 
        associated with delivering proposed services, subject to the 
        requirement that not more than 15 percent of the total amount 
        of the assistance provided to the eligible entity under this 
        section may be used for administrative expenses.
    (f) Compliance.--
            (1) Records and audits.--During the period beginning on the 
        date of initial distribution to an eligible entity of a loan or 
        grant under this section and ending on the termination date of 
        the loan or grant under subsection (g), the eligible entity 
        shall maintain such records and adopt such administrative 
        practices as the Secretary may require to ensure compliance 
        with the requirements of this section and the applicable loan 
        or grant agreement.
            (2) Determination by secretary.--If the Secretary 
        determines that an eligible entity that receives a grant or 
        loan under this section has not, during the 2-year period 
        beginning on the date of initial distribution to the eligible 
        entity of the assistance (or such longer period as is 
        established under subsection (d)(2)(B)), substantially 
        fulfilled the obligations of the eligible entity under the 
        applicable loan or grant agreement, the Secretary shall--
                    (A) rescind the balance of any funds distributed 
                to, but not used by, the eligible entity under this 
                section; and
                    (B) use those amounts to provide other loans or 
                grants in accordance with this section.
    (g) Termination.--The Secretary shall terminate a loan or grant 
provided under this section on a determination that the total amount of 
the loan or grant (excluding any interest, fees, and other earnings of 
the loan or grant) has been--
            (1) fully expended by the eligible entity; or
            (2) returned to the Secretary.
    (h) Regulations.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall promulgate such regulations 
as the Secretary determines to be necessary to carry out this section, 
to take effect on the date of promulgation.
    (i) Funding.--There is authorized to be appropriated to the 
Secretary to carry out this section $200,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2020 through 2024, to remain available until expended.

    PART 2--SAFE, AFFORDABLE, AND ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND NATURAL GAS 
                              DISTRIBUTION

SEC. 33201. IMPROVING THE NATURAL GAS DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM.

    (a) Establishment of Program.--The Secretary of Energy shall 
establish a program to award grants to States, in accordance with this 
section, for the purpose of providing incentives for natural gas 
distribution companies to improve the public safety and environmental 
performance of the natural gas distribution system.
    (b) Grants to States.--
            (1) In general.--A State may apply for a grant under this 
        section to provide funds to natural gas distribution companies 
        in the State that are carrying out an eligible project.
            (2) Requirements.--In applying for a grant under this 
        section, a State shall demonstrate how the State rate-setting 
        program will ensure that funds provided to natural gas 
        distribution companies under this section are used in 
        accordance with the requirements of this section.
    (c) Eligible Projects.--A project that is eligible to be funded 
through a grant to a State under this section is a project carried out 
by a natural gas distribution company to accelerate, expand, or enhance 
the implementation of a plan approved by the State before the date of 
enactment of this section for--
            (1) replacement of cast and wrought iron and bare steel 
        pipes and other leak-prone components of the natural gas 
        distribution system; or
            (2) inspection and maintenance programs for the natural gas 
        distribution system.
    (d) Rate Assistance.--A natural gas distribution company receiving 
funds through a grant to a State under this section may use such funds 
only to offset the near-term incremental costs, as reflected in rate 
increases to low-income households, of the eligible project.
    (e) Limit to Transitional Assistance.--A State may provide funds to 
a natural gas distribution company under this section for a period not 
to exceed 4 years.
    (f) Prioritization.--In awarding grants under this section, the 
Secretary shall prioritize applications based on the expected results 
of the State proposal with respect to--
            (1) quantifiable benefits for public safety;
            (2) the magnitude of methane emissions reductions;
            (3) innovation in technical or policy approaches;
            (4) the number of low-income households anticipated to 
        benefit from the assistance; and
            (5) overall cost-effectiveness.
    (g) Auditing and Reporting Requirements.--The Secretary shall 
establish auditing and reporting requirements for States with respect 
to grants awarded under this section.
    (h) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Low-income household.--The term ``low-income 
        household'' means a household that is eligible to receive 
        payments under section 2605(b)(2) of the Low-Income Home Energy 
        Assistance Act of 1981 (42 U.S.C. 8624(b)(2)).
            (2) Natural gas distribution company.--The term ``natural 
        gas distribution company'' means a person or municipality 
        engaged in the local distribution of natural gas to the public.
            (3) Natural gas distribution system.--The term ``natural 
        gas distribution system'' means the facilities used for the 
        local distribution of natural gas.
    (i) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section $150,000,000 
per fiscal year, with the total amount not to exceed $1,500,000,000.

                PART 3--CLEAN DISTRIBUTED ENERGY PROGRAM

SEC. 33301. SHORT TITLE.

    This part may be cited as the ``Local Energy Supply and Resiliency 
Act of 2019''.

SEC. 33302. DEFINITIONS.

    In this part:
            (1) Combined heat and power system.--The term ``combined 
        heat and power system'' means generation of electric energy and 
        heat in a single, integrated system that meets the efficiency 
        criteria in clauses (ii) and (iii) of section 48(c)(3)(A) of 
        the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, under which heat that is 
        conventionally rejected is recovered and used to meet thermal 
        energy requirements.
            (2) Demand response.--The term ``demand response'' means 
        changes in electric usage by electric utility customers from 
        the normal consumption patterns of the customers in response 
        to--
                    (A) changes in the price of electricity over time; 
                or
                    (B) incentive payments designed to induce lower 
                electricity use at times of high wholesale market 
                prices or when system reliability is jeopardized.
            (3) Distributed energy.--The term ``distributed energy'' 
        means energy sources and systems that--
                    (A) produce electric or thermal energy close to the 
                point of use using renewable energy resources or waste 
                thermal energy;
                    (B) generate electricity using a combined heat and 
                power system;
                    (C) distribute electricity in microgrids;
                    (D) store electric or thermal energy; or
                    (E) distribute thermal energy or transfer thermal 
                energy to building heating and cooling systems through 
                a district energy system.
            (4) District energy system.--The term ``district energy 
        system'' means a system that provides thermal energy to 
        buildings and other energy consumers from one or more plants to 
        individual buildings to provide space heating, air 
        conditioning, domestic hot water, industrial process energy, 
        and other end uses.
            (5) Islanding.--The term ``islanding'' means a distributed 
        generator or energy storage device continuing to power a 
        location in the absence of electric power from the primary 
        source.
            (6) Loan.--The term ``loan'' has the meaning given the term 
        ``direct loan'' in section 502 of the Federal Credit Reform Act 
        of 1990 (2 U.S.C. 661a).
            (7) Microgrid.--The term ``microgrid'' means an integrated 
        energy system consisting of interconnected loads and 
        distributed energy resources, including generators and energy 
        storage devices, within clearly defined electrical boundaries 
        that--
                    (A) acts as a single controllable entity with 
                respect to the grid; and
                    (B) can connect and disconnect from the grid to 
                operate in both grid-connected mode and island mode.
            (8) Renewable energy resource.--The term ``renewable energy 
        resource'' includes--
                    (A) biomass;
                    (B) geothermal energy;
                    (C) hydropower;
                    (D) landfill gas;
                    (E) municipal solid waste;
                    (F) ocean (including tidal, wave, current, and 
                thermal) energy;
                    (G) organic waste;
                    (H) photosynthetic processes;
                    (I) photovoltaic energy;
                    (J) solar energy; and
                    (K) wind.
            (9) Renewable thermal energy.--The term ``renewable thermal 
        energy'' means heating or cooling energy derived from a 
        renewable energy resource.
            (10) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Energy.
            (11) Thermal energy.--The term ``thermal energy'' means--
                    (A) heating energy in the form of hot water or 
                steam that is used to provide space heating, domestic 
                hot water, or process heat; or
                    (B) cooling energy in the form of chilled water, 
                ice, or other media that is used to provide air 
                conditioning, or process cooling.
            (12) Waste thermal energy.--The term ``waste thermal 
        energy'' means energy that--
                    (A) is contained in--
                            (i) exhaust gases, exhaust steam, condenser 
                        water, jacket cooling heat, or lubricating oil 
                        in power generation systems;
                            (ii) exhaust heat, hot liquids, or flared 
                        gas from any industrial process;
                            (iii) waste gas or industrial tail gas that 
                        would otherwise be flared, incinerated, or 
                        vented;
                            (iv) a pressure drop in any gas, excluding 
                        any pressure drop to a condenser that 
                        subsequently vents the resulting heat;
                            (v) condenser water from chilled water or 
                        refrigeration plants; or
                            (vi) any other form of waste energy, as 
                        determined by the Secretary; and
                    (B)(i) in the case of an existing facility, is not 
                being used; or
                    (ii) in the case of a new facility, is not 
                conventionally used in comparable systems.

SEC. 33303. DISTRIBUTED ENERGY LOAN PROGRAM.

    (a) Loan Program.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to the provisions of this 
        subsection and subsections (b) and (c), the Secretary shall 
        establish a program to provide to eligible entities--
                    (A) loans for the deployment of distributed energy 
                systems in a specific project; and
                    (B) loans to provide funding for programs to 
                finance the deployment of multiple distributed energy 
                systems through a revolving loan fund, credit 
                enhancement program, or other financial assistance 
                program.
            (2) Eligibility.--Entities eligible to receive a loan under 
        paragraph (1) include--
                    (A) a State, territory, or possession of the United 
                States;
                    (B) a State energy office;
                    (C) a tribal organization (as defined in section 4 
                of the Indian Self-Determination and Education 
                Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304));
                    (D) an institution of higher education (as defined 
                in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
                U.S.C. 1001)); and
                    (E) an electric utility, including--
                            (i) a rural electric cooperative;
                            (ii) a municipally owned electric utility; 
                        and
                            (iii) an investor-owned utility.
            (3) Selection requirements.--In selecting eligible entities 
        to receive loans under this section, the Secretary shall, to 
        the maximum extent practicable, ensure--
                    (A) regional diversity among eligible entities to 
                receive loans under this section, including 
                participation by rural States and small States; and
                    (B) that specific projects selected for loans--
                            (i) expand on the existing technology 
                        deployment program of the Department of Energy; 
                        and
                            (ii) are designed to achieve one or more of 
                        the objectives described in paragraph (4).
            (4) Objectives.--Each deployment selected for a loan under 
        paragraph (1) shall promote one or more of the following 
        objectives:
                    (A) Improved security and resiliency of energy 
                supply in the event of disruptions caused by extreme 
                weather events, grid equipment or software failure, or 
                terrorist acts.
                    (B) Implementation of distributed energy in order 
                to increase use of local renewable energy resources and 
                waste thermal energy sources.
                    (C) Enhanced feasibility of microgrids, demand 
                response, or islanding.
                    (D) Enhanced management of peak loads for consumers 
                and the grid.
                    (E) Enhanced reliability in rural areas, including 
                high energy cost rural areas.
            (5) Restriction on use of funds.--Any eligible entity that 
        receives a loan under paragraph (1) may only use the loan to 
        fund programs relating to the deployment of distributed energy 
        systems.
    (b) Loan Terms and Conditions.--
            (1) Terms and conditions.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, in providing a loan under this section, the 
        Secretary shall provide the loan on such terms and conditions 
        as the Secretary determines, after consultation with the 
        Secretary of the Treasury, in accordance with this section.
            (2) Specific appropriation.--No loan shall be made unless 
        an appropriation for the full amount of the loan has been 
        specifically provided for that purpose.
            (3) Repayment.--No loan shall be made unless the Secretary 
        determines that there is reasonable prospect of repayment of 
        the principal and interest by the borrower of the loan.
            (4) Interest rate.--A loan provided under this section 
        shall bear interest at a fixed rate that is equal or 
        approximately equal, in the determination of the Secretary, to 
        the interest rate for Treasury securities of comparable 
        maturity.
            (5) Term.--The term of the loan shall require full 
        repayment over a period not to exceed the lesser of--
                    (A) 20 years; or
                    (B) 90 percent of the projected useful life of the 
                physical asset to be financed by the loan (as 
                determined by the Secretary).
            (6) Use of payments.--Payments of principal and interest on 
        the loan shall--
                    (A) be retained by the Secretary to support energy 
                research and development activities; and
                    (B) remain available until expended, subject to 
                such conditions as are contained in annual 
                appropriations Acts.
            (7) No penalty on early repayment.--The Secretary may not 
        assess any penalty for early repayment of a loan provided under 
        this section.
            (8) Return of unused portion.--In order to receive a loan 
        under this section, an eligible entity shall agree to return to 
        the general fund of the Treasury any portion of the loan amount 
        that is unused by the eligible entity within a reasonable 
        period of time after the date of the disbursement of the loan, 
        as determined by the Secretary.
            (9) Comparable wage rates.--Each laborer and mechanic 
        employed by a contractor or subcontractor in performance of 
        construction work financed, in whole or in part, by the loan 
        shall be paid wages at rates not less than the rates prevailing 
        on similar construction in the locality as determined by the 
        Secretary of Labor in accordance with subchapter IV of chapter 
        31 of title 40, United States Code.
    (c) Rules and Procedures; Disbursement of Loans.--
            (1) Rules and procedures.--Not later than 180 days after 
        the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall adopt 
        rules and procedures for carrying out the loan program under 
        subsection (a).
            (2) Disbursement of loans.--Not later than 1 year after the 
        date on which the rules and procedures under paragraph (1) are 
        established, the Secretary shall disburse the initial loans 
        provided under this section.
    (d) Reports.--Not later than 2 years after the date of receipt of 
the loan, and annually thereafter for the term of the loan, an eligible 
entity that receives a loan under this section shall submit to the 
Secretary a report describing the performance of each program and 
activity carried out using the loan, including itemized loan 
performance data.
    (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section such sums as are necessary.

SEC. 33304. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND GRANT PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a technical 
        assistance and grant program (referred to in this section as 
        the ``program'')--
                    (A) to disseminate information and provide 
                technical assistance directly to eligible entities so 
                the eligible entities can identify, evaluate, plan, and 
                design distributed energy systems; and
                    (B) to make grants to eligible entities so that the 
                eligible entities may contract to obtain technical 
                assistance to identify, evaluate, plan, and design 
                distributed energy systems.
            (2) Technical assistance.--The technical assistance 
        described in paragraph (1) shall include assistance with one or 
        more of the following activities relating to distributed energy 
        systems:
                    (A) Identification of opportunities to use 
                distributed energy systems.
                    (B) Assessment of technical and economic 
                characteristics.
                    (C) Utility interconnection.
                    (D) Permitting and siting issues.
                    (E) Business planning and financial analysis.
                    (F) Engineering design.
            (3) Information dissemination.--The information 
        disseminated under paragraph (1)(A) shall include--
                    (A) information relating to the topics described in 
                paragraph (2), including case studies of successful 
                examples;
                    (B) computer software and databases for assessment, 
                design, and operation and maintenance of distributed 
                energy systems; and
                    (C) public databases that track the operation and 
                deployment of existing and planned distributed energy 
                systems.
    (b) Eligibility.--Any nonprofit or for-profit entity shall be 
eligible to receive technical assistance and grants under the program.
    (c) Applications.--
            (1) In general.--An eligible entity desiring technical 
        assistance or grants under the program shall submit to the 
        Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, and 
        containing such information as the Secretary may require.
            (2) Application process.--The Secretary shall seek 
        applications for technical assistance and grants under the 
        program--
                    (A) on a competitive basis; and
                    (B) on a periodic basis, but not less frequently 
                than once every 12 months.
            (3) Priorities.--In selecting eligible entities for 
        technical assistance and grants under the program, the 
        Secretary shall give priority to eligible entities with 
        projects that have the greatest potential for--
                    (A) facilitating the use of renewable energy 
                resources;
                    (B) strengthening the reliability and resiliency of 
                energy infrastructure to the impact of extreme weather 
                events, power grid failures, and interruptions in 
                supply of fossil fuels;
                    (C) improving the feasibility of microgrids or 
                islanding, particularly in rural areas, including high 
                energy cost rural areas;
                    (D) minimizing environmental impact, including 
                regulated air pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions; 
                and
                    (E) maximizing local job creation.
    (d) Grants.--On application by an eligible entity, the Secretary 
may award grants to the eligible entity to provide funds to cover not 
more than--
            (1) 100 percent of the costs of the initial assessment to 
        identify opportunities;
            (2) 75 percent of the cost of feasibility studies to assess 
        the potential for the implementation;
            (3) 60 percent of the cost of guidance on overcoming 
        barriers to implementation, including financial, contracting, 
        siting, and permitting issues; and
            (4) 45 percent of the cost of detailed engineering.
    (e) Rules and Procedures.--
            (1) Rules.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall adopt rules and 
        procedures for carrying out the program.
            (2) Grants.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
        issuance of the rules and procedures for the program, the 
        Secretary shall issue grants under this part.
    (f) Reports.--The Secretary shall submit to Congress and make 
available to the public--
            (1) not less frequently than once every 2 years, a report 
        describing the performance of the program under this section, 
        including a synthesis and analysis of the information provided 
        in the reports submitted to the Secretary under section 
        33303(d); and
            (2) on termination of the program under this section, an 
        assessment of the success of, and education provided by, the 
        measures carried out by eligible entities during the term of 
        the program.
    (g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $250,000,000 for the period of 
fiscal years 2020 through 2024, to remain available until expended.

            PART 4--STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE IMPROVEMENTS

SEC. 33401. STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE IMPROVEMENTS.

    There is authorized to be appropriated $4,000,000,000, to remain 
available until expended, for capital improvements on, and maintenance 
of, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve established under part B of title I 
of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6231 et seq.) to 
ensure that the Reserve is operated and maintained in an 
environmentally sound manner.

                    PART 5--REFINED PRODUCT RESERVES

SEC. 33501. REFINED PRODUCT RESERVES.

    (a) Refined Product Reserves.--Title I of the Energy Policy and 
Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6201 et seq.) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:

                   ``PART E--REFINED PRODUCT RESERVES

``SEC. 191. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this part, the following definitions apply:
            ``(1) Refined petroleum product.--The term `refined 
        petroleum product' means gasoline and such other products as 
        the Secretary determines, by rule, appropriate.
            ``(2) Reserve.--The term `Reserve' means--
                    ``(A) the Northeast Gasoline Supply Reserve 
                established under this part;
                    ``(B) the Southeast Refined Product Reserve 
                established under this part; or
                    ``(C) any other regional refined petroleum product 
                supply reserve established under this part.
            ``(3) Northeast.--The term `Northeast' means the States of 
        New Jersey, New York, Vermont, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Rhode 
        Island, Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, and any other 
        contiguous State that the Secretary determines appropriate.
            ``(4) Southeast.--The term `Southeast' means the States of 
        North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, and 
        any other contiguous State that the Secretary determines 
        appropriate.

``SEC. 192. ESTABLISHMENT.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary--
            ``(1) shall establish, maintain, and operate in the 
        Northeast a Northeast Gasoline Supply Reserve, which shall be a 
        component of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve established under 
        part B of this title;
            ``(2) shall, by rule, establish, maintain, and operate in 
        the Southeast a Southeast Refined Product Reserve, which shall 
        be a component of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve established 
        under part B of this title; and
            ``(3) may, by rule, establish, maintain, and operate in any 
        other region of the United States, a regional refined petroleum 
        product supply reserve, which shall be a component of the 
        Strategic Petroleum Reserve established under part B of this 
        title.
    ``(b) Limitation.--A Reserve established under this part shall 
contain no more than 1 million barrels of refined petroleum products.
    ``(c) Application of Provisions.--Except as otherwise provided in 
this part, the authorities and requirements of part B of this title 
shall apply to each Reserve.

``SEC. 193. CONDITIONS FOR RELEASE; PLAN.

    ``(a) Sale of Products.--The Secretary may sell refined petroleum 
products from a Reserve upon a finding by the President that there 
exists, or is likely to exist within the next 30 days, a severe energy 
supply interruption. Such a finding may be made only if the President 
determines that--
            ``(1) a dislocation in the refined petroleum product market 
        that will affect the region for which the Reserve is 
        established has resulted or is likely to result from such 
        interruption; or
            ``(2) a circumstance, other than that described in 
        paragraph (1), exists that constitutes a regional shortage, of 
        the refined petroleum product in the Reserve, of significant 
        scope and duration and that action taken under this section 
        would assist directly and significantly in reducing the adverse 
        impact of such shortage.
    ``(b) Release of Petroleum.--After consultation with potentially 
affected parties, the Secretary shall determine procedures governing 
the release of refined petroleum products from a Reserve. The 
procedures shall provide that--
            ``(1) the Secretary may--
                    ``(A) sell refined petroleum products from a 
                Reserve through a competitive process; or
                    ``(B) enter into exchange agreements for the 
                refined petroleum products that results in the 
                Secretary receiving a greater volume of such products 
                as repayment than the volume provided to the acquirer;
            ``(2) in all sales or exchanges described in paragraph (1), 
        the Secretary shall receive revenue or its equivalent in 
        refined petroleum products that provides the Department with 
        fair market value;
            ``(3) at no time may refined petroleum products be sold or 
        exchanged resulting in a loss of revenue or value to the United 
        States; and
            ``(4) the Secretary shall only sell or dispose of refined 
        petroleum products in a Reserve to entities customarily engaged 
        in the sale and distribution of such products.
    ``(c) Plan.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment 
of this section, the Secretary shall transmit to the President and, if 
the President approves, to Congress a plan describing--
            ``(1) the proposed acquisition of storage and related 
        facilities or storage services for the Northeast Gasoline 
        Supply Reserve and the Southeast Refined Product Reserve, 
        including the potential use of storage facilities not currently 
        in use;
            ``(2) the proposed acquisition of refined petroleum 
        products for storage in such Reserves;
            ``(3) the anticipated methods of disposition of refined 
        petroleum products from such Reserves;
            ``(4) the estimated costs of establishment, maintenance, 
        and operation of such Reserves;
            ``(5) efforts the Department will take to minimize any 
        potential need for future drawdowns and ensure that 
        distributors and importers are not discouraged from maintaining 
        and increasing supplies to the Northeast and Southeast; and
            ``(6) actions to be taken to ensure quality of the refined 
        petroleum products in such Reserves.

``SEC. 194. PRODUCTS FOR STORAGE IN A RESERVE.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may acquire, place in storage, 
transport, or exchange refined petroleum products acquired by purchase 
or exchange.
    ``(b) Objectives.--The Secretary shall, to the greatest extent 
practicable, acquire refined petroleum products for a Reserve in a 
manner consonant with the following objectives:
            ``(1) Minimization of the cost of the Reserve.
            ``(2) Minimization of the Nation's vulnerability to a 
        severe energy supply interruption.
            ``(3) Minimization of the impact of an acquisition of 
        refined petroleum products on supply levels and market forces.
            ``(4) Encouragement of competition in the petroleum 
        industry.
    ``(c) Procedures.--The Secretary shall develop, with public notice 
and opportunity for comment, procedures consistent with the objectives 
of this section to acquire refined petroleum products for a Reserve. 
Such procedures shall take into account the need to--
            ``(1) maximize overall domestic supply of refined petroleum 
        products (including quantities stored in private sector 
        inventories);
            ``(2) avoid incurring excessive cost or appreciably 
        affecting the price of refined petroleum products to consumers;
            ``(3) minimize the costs to the Department of Energy in 
        acquiring such refined petroleum products;
            ``(4) protect national security;
            ``(5) avoid adversely affecting current and futures prices, 
        supplies, and inventories of refined petroleum products; and
            ``(6) address such other factors that the Secretary 
        determines to be appropriate.
    ``(d) Severe Energy Supply Disruption.--If the Secretary finds that 
a severe energy supply interruption may be imminent, the Secretary may 
suspend the acquisition of refined petroleum products for a Reserve and 
may sell any refined petroleum product acquired for, and in transit to, 
such Reserve.''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The table of sections for 
title I of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act is amended by 
striking the items relating to the second part D, including section 181 
of such part, and inserting the following:

                   ``Part E--Refined Product Reserves

``Sec. 191. Definitions.
``Sec. 192. Establishment.
``Sec. 193. Conditions for release; plan.
``Sec. 194. Products for storage in a Reserve.''.

          PART 6--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF INDIAN ENERGY

SEC. 33601. AMENDMENT TO REAUTHORIZE PROGRAMS TO ASSIST INDIAN TRIBES.

    (a) Definition of Indian Land.--Section 2601(2) of the Energy 
Policy Act of 1992 (25 U.S.C. 3501(2)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B)(iii), by striking ``and'';
            (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``land.'' and 
        inserting ``land; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following subparagraph:
                    ``(D) any land in a census tract in which the 
                majority of the residents are Natives (as defined in 
                section 3(b) of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act 
                (43 U.S.C. 1602(b))).''.
    (b) Reduction of Cost Share.--Section 2602(b)(5) of the Energy 
Policy Act of 1992 (25 U.S.C. 3502(b)(5)) is amended by adding at the 
end the following subparagraph:
            ``(D) The Director may reduce any applicable cost share 
        required of an Indian tribe in order to receive a grant under 
        this subsection to not less than 10 percent if the Indian tribe 
        meets criteria developed by the Director, including financial 
        need.''.
    (c) Authorization.--Section 2602(b)(7) of the Energy Policy Act of 
1992 (25 U.S.C. 3502(b)(7)) is amended by striking ``$20,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2006 through 2016'' and inserting ``$30,000,000 
for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024''.

              Subtitle D--Smart Communities Infrastructure

                       PART 1--SMART COMMUNITIES

SEC. 34101. 3C ENERGY PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Energy shall establish a 
program to be known as the Cities, Counties, and Communities Energy 
Program (or the 3C Energy Program) to provide technical assistance and 
competitively awarded grants to local governments, public housing 
authorities, nonprofit organizations, and other entities the Secretary 
determines to be eligible, to incorporate clean energy into community 
development and revitalization efforts.
    (b) Best Practice Models.--The Secretary of Energy shall--
            (1) provide a recipient of technical assistance or a grant 
        under the program established under subsection (a) with best 
        practice models that are used in jurisdictions of similar size 
        and situation; and
            (2) assist such recipient in developing and implementing 
        strategies to achieve its clean energy technology goals.
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $50,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2020 through 2024.

SEC. 34102. FEDERAL TECHNOLOGY ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Smart City or Community Assistance Pilot Program.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Energy shall develop and 
        implement a pilot program under which the Secretary shall 
        contract with the national laboratories to provide technical 
        assistance to cities and communities, to improve the access of 
        such cities and communities to expertise, competencies, and 
        infrastructure of the national laboratories for the purpose of 
        promoting smart city or community technologies.
            (2) Partnerships.--In carrying out the program under this 
        subsection, the Secretary of Energy shall prioritize assistance 
        for cities and communities that have partnered with small 
        business concerns.
    (b) Technologist in Residence Pilot Program.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Energy shall expand the 
        Technologist in Residence pilot program of the Department of 
        Energy to include partnerships between national laboratories 
        and local governments with respect to research and development 
        relating to smart cities and communities.
            (2) Requirements.--For purposes of the partnerships entered 
        into under paragraph (1), technologists in residence shall work 
        with an assigned unit of local government to develop an 
        assessment of smart city or community technologies available 
        and appropriate to meet the objectives of the city or 
        community, in consultation with private sector entities 
        implementing smart city or community technologies.
    (c) Guidance.--The Secretary of Energy, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Commerce, shall issue guidance with respect to--
            (1) the scope of the programs established and implemented 
        under subsections (a) and (b); and
            (2) requests for proposals from local governments 
        interested in participating in such programs.
    (d) Considerations.--In establishing and implementing the programs 
under subsections (a) and (b), the Secretary of Energy shall seek to 
address the needs of small- and medium-sized cities.
    (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $20,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2020 through 2024.

SEC. 34103. TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION GRANT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Commerce shall establish a smart 
city or community regional demonstration grant program under which the 
Secretary shall conduct demonstration projects focused on advanced 
smart city or community technologies and systems in a variety of 
communities, including small- and medium-sized cities.
    (b) Goals.--The goals of the program established under subsection 
(a) are--
            (1) to demonstrate--
                    (A) potential benefits of concentrated investments 
                in smart city or community technologies relating to 
                public safety that are repeatable and scalable; and
                    (B) the efficiency, reliability, and resilience of 
                civic infrastructure and services;
            (2) to facilitate the adoption of advanced smart city or 
        community technologies and systems; and
            (3) to demonstrate protocols and standards that allow for 
        the measurement and validation of the cost savings and 
        performance improvements associated with the installation and 
        use of smart city or community technologies and practices.
    (c) Demonstration Projects.--
            (1) Eligibility.--Subject to paragraph (2), a unit of local 
        government shall be eligible to receive a grant for a 
        demonstration project under this section.
            (2) Cooperation.--To qualify for a demonstration project 
        under this section, a unit of local government shall agree to 
        follow applicable best practices identified by the Secretary of 
        Commerce and the Secretary of Energy, in consultation with 
        industry entities, to evaluate the effectiveness of the 
        implemented smart city or community technologies to ensure 
        that--
                    (A) technologies and interoperability can be 
                assessed;
                    (B) best practices can be shared; and
                    (C) data can be shared in a public, interoperable, 
                and transparent format.
            (3) Federal share of cost of technology investments.--The 
        Secretary of Commerce--
                    (A) subject to subparagraph (B), shall provide to a 
                unit of local government selected under this section 
                for the conduct of a demonstration project a grant in 
                an amount equal to not more than 50 percent of the 
                total cost of technology investments to incorporate and 
                assess smart city or community technologies in the 
                applicable jurisdiction; but
                    (B) may waive the cost-share requirement of 
                subparagraph (A) as the Secretary determines to be 
                appropriate.
    (d) Requirement.--In conducting demonstration projects under this 
section, the Secretary shall--
            (1) develop competitive, technology-neutral requirements;
            (2) seek to leverage ongoing or existing civic 
        infrastructure investments; and
            (3) take into consideration the non-Federal cost share as a 
        competitive criterion in applicant selection in order to 
        leverage non-Federal investment.
    (e) Public Availability of Data and Reports.--The Secretary of 
Commerce shall ensure that reports, public data sets, schematics, 
diagrams, and other works created using a grant provided under this 
section are--
            (1) available on a royalty-free, non-exclusive basis; and
            (2) open to the public to reproduce, publish, or otherwise 
        use, without cost.
    (f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out subsection (c) $100,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2020 through 2024.

SEC. 34104. SMART CITY OR COMMUNITY.

    (a) In General.--In this subtitle, the term ``smart city or 
community'' means a community in which innovative, advanced, and 
trustworthy information and communication technologies and related 
mechanisms are applied--
            (1) to improve the quality of life for residents;
            (2) to increase the efficiency and cost effectiveness of 
        civic operations and services;
            (3) to promote economic growth; and
            (4) to create a community that is safer and more secure, 
        sustainable, resilient, livable, and workable.
    (b) Inclusions.--The term ``smart city or community'' includes a 
local jurisdiction that--
            (1) gathers and incorporates data from systems, devices, 
        and sensors embedded in civic systems and infrastructure to 
        improve the effectiveness and efficiency of civic operations 
        and services;
            (2) aggregates and analyzes gathered data;
            (3) communicates the analysis and data in a variety of 
        formats;
            (4) makes corresponding improvements to civic systems and 
        services based on gathered data; and
            (5) integrates measures--
                    (A) to ensure the resilience of civic systems 
                against cybersecurity threats and physical and social 
                vulnerabilities and breaches;
                    (B) to protect the private data of residents; and
                    (C) to measure the impact of smart city or 
                community technologies on the effectiveness and 
                efficiency of civic operations and services.

                 PART 2--CLEAN CITIES COALITION PROGRAM

SEC. 34201. CLEAN CITIES COALITION NETWORK PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established within the Department of 
Energy a program to be known as the ``Clean Cities Coalition Network''.
    (b) Projects and Activities.--Under the program established in 
subsection (a), the Secretary and the Clean Cities coalitions shall 
carry out projects and activities, to improve air quality and reduce 
petroleum consumption in the transportation sector, that--
            (1) encourage the use of alternative fuel vehicles and 
        alternative fuels;
            (2) expedite the establishment of regional and national 
        infrastructure to fuel alternative fuel vehicles;
            (3) reduce vehicle emissions; and
            (4) promote fuel efficient technologies and traffic 
        management practices.
    (c) Program Elements.--In carrying out the program established in 
subsection (a) the Secretary shall--
            (1) establish criteria for designating partnerships between 
        State and local governments, institutions of higher education, 
        and private entities as Clean Cities coalitions under the 
        program;
            (2) designate partnerships that the Secretary determines 
        meet the criteria established under paragraph (1) as Clean 
        Cities coalitions;
            (3) make awards to Clean Cities coalitions that provide 
        matching funds--
                    (A) to support project-specific activities of such 
                coalitions; and
                    (B) to promote public education and awareness of 
                alternative fuel vehicles and alternative fuels;
            (4) make awards to Clean Cities coalitions for 
        administrative expenses of such coalitions;
            (5) provide technical assistance and training to Clean 
        Cities coalitions;
            (6) provide opportunities for communication among Clean 
        Cities coalitions; and
            (7) maintain, and make available to the public, a 
        centralized database of information included in the reports 
        submitted under subsection (d).
    (d) Annual Report.--Each Clean Cities coalition shall submit an 
annual report to the Secretary on the activities and accomplishments of 
the coalition.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Alternative fuel.--The term ``alternative fuel'' has 
        the meaning given such term in section 32901 of title 49, 
        United States Code.
            (2) Alternative fuel vehicle.--The term ``alternative fuel 
        vehicle'' any vehicle that is capable of operating, partially 
        or exclusively, on an alternative fuel.
            (3) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Energy.
    (f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section--
            (1) $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2020;
            (2) $55,000,000 for fiscal year 2021;
            (3) $60,000,000 for fiscal year 2022;
            (4) $65,000,000 for fiscal year 2023; and
            (5) $70,000,000 for fiscal year 2024.

                PART 3--ELECTRIC VEHICLE INFRASTRUCTURE

SEC. 34301. STATEMENT OF NATIONAL POLICY.

    It is the policy of the United States to promote greater 
electrification of the transportation sector in order to maintain a 
transportation sector that can provide for the movement of people, 
goods, and services and achieve each of the following, which together 
characterize a transportation system with fewer negative environmental 
effects:
            (1) Reduced greenhouse gas emissions.
            (2) Improved air quality.
            (3) Greater fuel efficiency.
            (4) Nationwide deployment of electric vehicles and 
        integration of electric vehicle supply equipment.
            (5) Maintenance of a competitive domestic manufacturing 
        base and skilled workforce to provide electric vehicles and 
        electric vehicle supply equipment.

SEC. 34302. DEFINITIONS.

    In this part, the following definitions apply:
            (1) Electric vehicle supply equipment.--The term ``electric 
        vehicle supply equipment'' means the conductors, including the 
        ungrounded, grounded, and equipment grounding conductors, the 
        electric vehicle connectors, attachment plugs, and all other 
        fittings, devices, power outlets, or apparatuses installed 
        specifically for the purpose of delivering energy to an 
        electric vehicle.
            (2) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Energy.

SEC. 34303. MODEL BUILDING CODE FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLE SUPPLY EQUIPMENT.

    (a) Development.--The Secretary shall develop a proposal to 
establish or update, as appropriate, model building codes for--
            (1) integrating electric vehicle supply equipment into 
        residential and commercial buildings that include space for 
        individual vehicle or fleet vehicle parking; and
            (2) integrating onsite renewable power equipment and 
        electric storage equipment (including electric vehicle 
        batteries to be used for electric storage) in residential and 
        commercial buildings.
    (b) Consultation.--In developing the proposal under subsection (a), 
the Secretary shall consult with stakeholders representing the building 
construction industry, manufacturers of electric vehicles and electric 
vehicle supply equipment, State and local governments, and any other 
persons with relevant expertise or interests.
    (c) Deadline.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit the proposal developed under 
subsection (a) to the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and 
Air Conditioning Engineers and the International Code Council for 
consideration.

SEC. 34304. UTILITY ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING PROGRAMS.

    (a) Consideration and Determination Respecting Certain Ratemaking 
Standards.--Section 111(d) of the Public Utility Regulatory Policies 
Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2621(d)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
            ``(20) Utility electric vehicle charging programs.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State shall consider 
                authorizing each electric utility of the State to 
                recover from ratepayers any capital, operating 
                expenditure, or other costs of the electric utility 
                relating to the deployment of electric vehicle supply 
                equipment designed to provide vehicle charging or load 
                management.
                    ``(B) Definition.--For purposes of this paragraph, 
                the term `electric vehicle supply equipment' means the 
                conductors, including the ungrounded, grounded, and 
                equipment grounding conductors, the electric vehicle 
                connectors, attachment plugs, and all other fittings, 
                devices, power outlets, or apparatuses installed 
                specifically for the purpose of delivering energy to an 
                electric vehicle.''.
    (b) Obligations To Consider and Determine.--
            (1) Time limitations.--Section 112(b) of the Public Utility 
        Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2622(b)) is amended 
        by adding at the end the following:
            ``(7)(A) Not later than 1 year after the enactment of this 
        paragraph, each State regulatory authority (with respect to 
        each electric utility for which it has ratemaking authority) 
        and each nonregulated utility shall commence the consideration 
        referred to in section 111, or set a hearing date for 
        consideration, with respect to the standards established by 
        paragraph (20) of section 111(d).
            ``(B) Not later than 2 years after the date of the 
        enactment of this paragraph, each State regulatory authority 
        (with respect to each electric utility for which it has 
        ratemaking authority), and each nonregulated electric utility, 
        shall complete the consideration, and shall make the 
        determination, referred to in section 111 with respect to each 
        standard established by paragraph (20) of section 111(d).''.
            (2) Failure to comply.--Section 112(c) of the Public 
        Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2622(c)) is 
        amended by striking ``(19)'' and inserting ``(20)''.
            (3) Prior state actions.--Section 112 of the Public Utility 
        Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2622) is amended by 
        adding at the end the following:
    ``(g) Prior State Actions.--Subsections (b) and (c) of this section 
shall not apply to the standard established by paragraph (20) of 
section 111(d) in the case of any electric utility in a State if, 
before the enactment of this subsection--
            ``(1) the State has implemented for such utility the 
        standard concerned (or a comparable standard);
            ``(2) the State regulatory authority for such State or 
        relevant nonregulated electric utility has conducted a 
        proceeding to consider implementation of the standard concerned 
        (or a comparable standard) for such utility; or
            ``(3) the State legislature has voted on the implementation 
        of such standard (or a comparable standard) for such 
        utility.''.

SEC. 34305. STATE TRANSPORTATION ELECTRIFICATION PLANNING GRANTS.

    (a) State Energy Conservation Plans.--Section 362(d) of the Energy 
Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6322(d)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (16), by striking ``; and'' and inserting 
        a semicolon;
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (17) as paragraph (18); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (16) the following:
            ``(17) a State energy transportation plan developed in 
        accordance with section 367; and''.
    (b) State Energy Transportation Plans.--Part D of title III of the 
Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6321 et seq.) is amended 
by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 367. STATE ENERGY TRANSPORTATION PLANS.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may provide financial assistance 
to a State to develop a State energy transportation plan, for inclusion 
in a State energy conservation plan under section 362(d), to promote 
the electrification of the transportation system, reduced consumption 
of fossil fuels, and improved air quality.
    ``(b) Contents.--A State developing a State energy transportation 
plan under this section shall include in such plan a plan to--
            ``(1) deploy a network of electric vehicle supply equipment 
        to ensure access to electricity for electric vehicles; and
            ``(2) promote modernization of the electric grid to 
        accommodate demand for power to operate electric vehicle supply 
        equipment and to utilize energy storage capacity provided by 
        electric vehicles.
    ``(c) Coordination.--In developing a State energy transportation 
plan under this section, a State shall coordinate, as appropriate, 
with--
            ``(1) State regulatory authorities (as defined in section 3 
        of the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (16 
        U.S.C. 2602));
            ``(2) electric utilities;
            ``(3) regional transmission organizations or independent 
        system operators;
            ``(4) private entities that provide electric vehicle 
        charging services;
            ``(5) State transportation agencies, metropolitan planning 
        organizations, and local governments;
            ``(6) electric vehicle manufacturers; and
            ``(7) public and private entities that manage vehicle 
        fleets.
    ``(d) Technical Assistance.--Upon request of the Governor of a 
State, the Secretary shall provide information and technical assistance 
in the development, implementation, or revision of a State energy 
transportation plan.
    ``(e) Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment Defined.--For purposes of 
this section, the term `electric vehicle supply equipment' means the 
conductors, including the ungrounded, grounded, and equipment grounding 
conductors, the electric vehicle connectors, attachment plugs, and all 
other fittings, devices, power outlets, or apparatuses installed 
specifically for the purpose of delivering energy to an electric 
vehicle.''.

SEC. 34306. ELECTRIC VEHICLE SUPPLY EQUIPMENT COORDINATION.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary, acting through the Assistant Secretary of 
the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (including 
the Smart Grid Task Force), shall convene a group to assess progress in 
the development of standards necessary to--
            (1) support the expanded deployment of electric vehicle 
        supply equipment;
            (2) develop an electric vehicle charging network to provide 
        reliable charging for electric vehicles nationwide; and
            (3) ensure the development of such network will not 
        compromise the stability and reliability of the electric grid.
    (b) Report to Congress.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide to the Committee on 
Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives and to the 
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate a report 
containing the results of the assessment carried out under subsection 
(a) and recommendations to overcome any barriers to standards 
development or adoption identified by the group convened under such 
subsection.

SEC. 34307. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) State Energy Conservation Plans.--Section 365(f) of the Energy 
Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6325(f)) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--
            ``(1) State energy conservation plans.--For the purpose of 
        carrying out this part, there is authorized to be appropriated 
        $100,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024.
            ``(2) State energy transportation plans.--In addition to 
        the amounts authorized under paragraph (1), for the purpose of 
        carrying out section 367, there is authorized to be 
        appropriated $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2020 through 
        2024.''.
     (b) Transportation Electrification.--Section 131 of the Energy 
Independence and Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17011) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(6), by striking ``2008 through 2012'' 
        and inserting ``2020 through 2024''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)(4), by striking ``2008 through 2013'' 
        and inserting ``2020 through 2024''.

                  TITLE IV--HEALTH CARE INFRASTRUCTURE

                  Subtitle A--Hospital Infrastructure

SEC. 41001. HOSPITAL INFRASTRUCTURE.

    Section 1610(a) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 
300r(a)) is amended by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the 
following paragraphs:
    ``(3) Priority.--In awarding grants under this subsection, the 
Secretary shall give priority to applicants whose projects will 
include, by design, cybersecurity against cyber threats.
    ``(4) American Iron and Steel Products.--
            ``(A) In general.--As a condition on receipt of a grant 
        under this section for a project, an entity shall ensure that 
        all of the iron and steel products used in the project are 
        produced in the United States.
            ``(B) Application.--Subparagraph (A) shall be waived in any 
        case or category of cases in which the Secretary finds that--
                    ``(i) applying subparagraph (A) would be 
                inconsistent with the public interest;
                    ``(ii) iron and steel products are not produced in 
                the United States in sufficient and reasonably 
                available quantities and of a satisfactory quality; or
                    ``(iii) inclusion of iron and steel products 
                produced in the United States will increase the cost of 
                the overall project by more than 25 percent.
            ``(C) Waiver.--If the Secretary receives a request for a 
        waiver under this paragraph, the Secretary shall make available 
        to the public, on an informal basis, a copy of the request and 
        information available to the Secretary concerning the request, 
        and shall allow for informal public input on the request for at 
        least 15 days prior to making a finding based on the request. 
        The Secretary shall make the request and accompanying 
        information available by electronic means, including on the 
        official public internet site of the Department of Health and 
        Human Services.
            ``(D) International agreements.--This paragraph shall be 
        applied in a manner consistent with United States obligations 
        under international agreements.
            ``(E) Management and oversight.--The Secretary may retain 
        up to 0.25 percent of the funds appropriated for this section 
        for management and oversight of the requirements of this 
        paragraph.
            ``(F) Effective date.--This paragraph does not apply with 
        respect to a project if a State agency approves the engineering 
        plans and specifications for the project, in that agency's 
        capacity to approve such plans and specifications prior to a 
        project requesting bids, prior to the date of enactment of this 
        paragraph.
    ``(5) Authorization of Appropriations.--To carry out this 
subsection, there is authorized to be appropriated $400,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024.''.

      Subtitle B--Indian Health Program Health Care Infrastructure

SEC. 42001. 21ST CENTURY INDIAN HEALTH PROGRAM HOSPITALS AND OUTPATIENT 
              HEALTH CARE FACILITIES.

    The Indian Health Care Improvement Act is amended by inserting 
after section 301 of such Act (25 U.S.C. 1631) the following:

``SEC. 301A. ADDITIONAL FUNDING FOR PLANNING, DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION, 
              MODERNIZATION, AND RENOVATION OF HOSPITALS AND OUTPATIENT 
              HEALTH CARE FACILITIES.

    ``(a) Additional Funding.--For the purpose described in subsection 
(b), in addition to any other funds available for such purpose, there 
is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary $200,000,000 for each 
of fiscal years 2020 through 2024.
    ``(b) Purpose.--The purpose described in this subsection is the 
planning, design, construction, modernization, and renovation of 
hospitals and outpatient health care facilities that are funded, in 
whole or part, by the Service through, or provided for in, a contract 
or compact with the Service under the Indian Self-Determination and 
Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5301 et seq.).''.

                 Subtitle C--Laboratory Infrastructure

SEC. 43001. PILOT PROGRAM TO IMPROVE LABORATORY INFRASTRUCTURE.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Health and Human Services may 
award grants to States and political subdivisions of States to support 
the improvement, renovation, or modernization of infrastructure at 
clinical laboratories (as defined in section 353 of the Public Health 
Service Act (42 U.S.C. 263a)).
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--To carry out this section, 
there is authorized to be appropriated $100,000,000, to remain 
available until expended.

            Subtitle D--Community-Based Care Infrastructure

SEC. 44001. PILOT PROGRAM TO IMPROVE COMMUNITY-BASED CARE 
              INFRASTRUCTURE.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Health and Human Services may 
award grants to qualified teaching health centers (as defined in 
section 340H of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 256h)) and 
behavioral health care centers (as defined by the Secretary, to include 
both substance abuse and mental health care facilities) to support the 
improvement, renovation, or modernization of infrastructure at such 
centers.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--To carry out this section, 
there is authorized to be appropriated $100,000,000, to remain 
available until expended.

                Subtitle E--Public Health Infrastructure

SEC. 45001. PUBLIC HEALTH DATA SYSTEM TRANSFORMATION.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Expanding cdc capabilities.--The Secretary of Health 
        and Human Services (in this section referred to as the 
        ``Secretary'') shall expand, enhance, and improve the 
        capabilities of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 
        relating to information technology, data, and data systems for 
        preparing, detecting, and responding effectively to public 
        health events. Activities that may be carried out under the 
        preceding sentence include--
                    (A) optimizing public health data collection, 
                transmission, exchange, analysis, and visualization;
                    (B) exchanging data among the Centers for Disease 
                Control and Prevention, State, local, Tribal, and 
                territorial public health departments, and health care 
                providers;
                    (C) enhancing the interoperability of public health 
                data systems including with health information 
                technology; and
                    (D) expanding or enhancing the workforce and 
                training of public health data systems and informatics 
                personnel.
            (2) Consultation.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall consult with appropriate State and local health 
        departments, health professionals, health information 
        technology experts, and other appropriate public or private 
        entities as determined appropriate by the Secretary to develop 
        technical and reporting standards (including standards for 
        interoperability) for public health data systems.
    (b) Grants.--The Secretary, acting through the Director of the 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, shall award grants to 
State, local, Tribal, and territorial public health departments that 
meet such criteria as the Director determines appropriate, for public 
health data systems, including systems for electronic case reporting.
    (c) Report to Congress.--The Secretary shall submit a report to the 
Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate 
on the activities carried out under this section.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--To carry out this section, 
there is authorized to be appropriated $100,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2020 through 2024.

SEC. 45002. CORE PUBLIC HEALTH INFRASTRUCTURE FOR STATE, LOCAL, AND 
              TRIBAL HEALTH DEPARTMENTS.

    (a) Program.--The Secretary of Health and Human Services acting 
through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 
(in this section referred to as the ``Secretary'') shall establish a 
core public health infrastructure program consisting of awarding grants 
under subsection (b).
    (b) Grants.--
            (1) Award.--For the purpose of addressing core public 
        health infrastructure needs, the Secretary--
                    (A) shall award a grant to each State health 
                department; and
                    (B) may award grants on a competitive basis to 
                State, local, or Tribal health departments.
            (2) Allocation.--Of the total amount of funds awarded as 
        grants under this subsection for a fiscal year--
                    (A) not less than 50 percent shall be for grants to 
                State health departments under paragraph (1)(A); and
                    (B) not less than 30 percent shall be for grants to 
                State, local, or Tribal health departments under 
                paragraph (1)(B).
    (c) Use of Funds.--The Secretary may award a grant to an entity 
under subsection (b)(1) only if the entity agrees to use the grant to 
address core public health infrastructure needs, including those 
identified in the accreditation process under subsection (g).
    (d) Formula Grants to State Health Departments.--In making grants 
under subsection (b)(1)(A), the Secretary shall award funds to each 
State health department in accordance with--
            (1) a formula based on population size; burden of 
        preventable disease and disability; and core public health 
        infrastructure gaps, including those identified in the 
        accreditation process under subsection (g); and
            (2) application requirements established by the Secretary, 
        including a requirement that the State submit a plan that 
        demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Secretary that the 
        State's health department will--
                    (A) address its highest priority core public health 
                infrastructure needs; and
                    (B) as appropriate, allocate funds to local health 
                departments within the State.
    (e) Competitive Grants to State, Local, and Tribal Health 
Departments.--In making grants under subsection (b)(1)(B), the 
Secretary shall give priority to applicants demonstrating core public 
health infrastructure needs identified in the accreditation process 
under subsection (g).
    (f) Maintenance of Effort.--The Secretary may award a grant to an 
entity under subsection (b) only if the entity demonstrates to the 
satisfaction of the Secretary that--
            (1) funds received through the grant will be expended only 
        to supplement, and not supplant, non-Federal and Federal funds 
        otherwise available to the entity for the purpose of addressing 
        core public health infrastructure needs; and
            (2) with respect to activities for which the grant is 
        awarded, the entity will maintain expenditures of non-Federal 
        amounts for such activities at a level not less than the level 
        of such expenditures maintained by the entity for the fiscal 
        year preceding the fiscal year for which the entity receives 
        the grant.
    (g) Establishment of a Public Health Accreditation Program.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall--
                    (A) develop, and periodically review and update, 
                standards for voluntary accreditation of State, local, 
                and Tribal health departments and public health 
                laboratories for the purpose of advancing the quality 
                and performance of such departments and laboratories; 
                and
                    (B) implement a program to accredit such health 
                departments and laboratories in accordance with such 
                standards.
            (2) Cooperative agreement.--The Secretary may enter into a 
        cooperative agreement with a private nonprofit entity to carry 
        out paragraph (1).
    (h) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the Congress an annual 
report on progress being made to accredit entities under subsection 
(g), including--
            (1) a strategy, including goals and objectives, for 
        accrediting entities under subsection (g) and achieving the 
        purpose described in subsection (g)(1)(A); and
            (2) identification of gaps in research related to core 
        public health infrastructure and recommendations of priority 
        areas for such research.
    (i) Definition.--In this section, the term ``core public health 
infrastructure'' includes workforce capacity and competency; laboratory 
systems; health information, health information systems, and health 
information analysis; communications; financing; other relevant 
components of organizational capacity; and other related activities.
    (j) Authorization of Appropriations.--To carry out this section, 
there are authorized to be appropriated--
            (1) for fiscal year 2020, $300,000,000;
            (2) for fiscal year 2021, $350,000,000;
            (3) for fiscal year 2022, $400,000,000;
            (4) for fiscal year 2023, $450,000,000; and
            (5) for fiscal year 2024, $500,000,000.

SEC. 45003. CORE PUBLIC HEALTH INFRASTRUCTURE AND ACTIVITIES FOR CDC.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary acting through the Director of the 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (in this section referred to 
as the ``Secretary'') shall expand and improve the core public health 
infrastructure and activities of the Centers for Disease Control and 
Prevention to address unmet and emerging public health needs.
    (b) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the Congress an annual 
report on the activities funded through this section.
    (c) Definition.--In this section, the term ``core public health 
infrastructure'' has the meaning given to such term in section 45002.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--To carry out this section, 
there is authorized to be appropriated $350,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2020 through 2024.

                   TITLE V--BROWNFIELDS REDEVELOPMENT

SEC. 50001. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 104(k)(13) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, 
Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9604(k)(13)) is 
amended to read as follows:
            ``(13) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
        authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection--
                    ``(A) $350,000,000 for fiscal year 2020;
                    ``(B) $400,000,000 for fiscal year 2021;
                    ``(C) $450,000,000 for fiscal year 2022;
                    ``(D) $500,000,000 for fiscal year 2023; and
                    ``(E) $550,000,000 for fiscal year 2024.''.

SEC. 50002. STATE RESPONSE PROGRAMS.

    Section 128(a)(3) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, 
Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9628(a)(3)) is 
amended to read as follows:
            ``(3) Funding.--There is authorized to be appropriated to 
        carry out this subsection--
                    ``(A) $70,000,000 for fiscal year 2020;
                    ``(B) $80,000,000 for fiscal year 2021;
                    ``(C) $90,000,000 for fiscal year 2022;
                    ``(D) $100,000,000 for fiscal year 2023; and
                    ``(E) $110,000,000 for fiscal year 2024.''.
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