Text: H.R.2751 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (05/15/2019)


116th CONGRESS
1st Session
H. R. 2751


To amend title XIX of the Social Security Act to provide coverage under the Medicaid program for services provided by doulas and midwives, and for other purposes.


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

May 15, 2019

Ms. Moore (for herself, Ms. Haaland, and Mrs. Dingell) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce


A BILL

To amend title XIX of the Social Security Act to provide coverage under the Medicaid program for services provided by doulas and midwives, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Mamas First Act”.

SEC. 2. Findings.

Congress finds the following:

(1) According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the maternal mortality rate varies drastically for women by race and ethnicity. On average, there are 12.7 deaths per 100,000 live births for White women, 43.5 deaths per 100,000 live births for African-American women, 32.5 deaths for American Indian and Alaskan Native women, and 14.4 deaths per 100,000 live births for women of other ethnicities. While maternal mortality disparately impacts African-American women and indigenous women, this urgent public health crisis traverses race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, educational background, and geography.

(2) United States maternal mortality rates are the highest in the developed world and are increasing rapidly.

(3) Many of these maternal deaths are likely preventable.

(4) According to the National Institutes of Health, doula-assisted mothers are four times less likely to have a low-birth-weight baby, two times less likely to experience a birth complication involving themselves or their baby, and significantly more likely to initiate breastfeeding.

(5) Midwife-led care is associated with cost savings, decreased rates of intervention, lower cesarean rates, lower preterm birth rates, and healthier outcomes for mothers and babies.

(6) Midwives may practice in any setting, including the home, community, hospitals, clinics, or health units.

SEC. 3. Medicaid coverage of services provided by doulas and midwives.

(a) In general.—Section 1905 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396d) is amended—

(1) in subsection (a)—

(A) in paragraph (29), by striking “and” at the end;

(B) by redesignating paragraph (30) as paragraph (31); and

(C) by inserting after paragraph (29) the following new paragraph:

“(30) services, including prenatal, delivery, and postpartum services, provided by doulas and midwives (as those terms are defined in subsection (ff)) to the extent authorized under State law; and”; and

(2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

“(ff) Doulas and midwives defined.—For purposes of subsection (a)(30):

“(1) DOULAS DEFINED.—The term ‘doula’ means an individual who—

“(A) is certified by an organization, which has been established for not less than five years and which requires the completion of continuing education to maintain such certification, to provide non-medical advice, information, emotional support, and physical comfort to an individual during such individual’s pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum period; and

“(B) maintains such certification by completing such required continuing education.

“(2) MIDWIVES DEFINED.—

“(A) IN GENERAL.—The term ‘midwife’ means a certified midwife, certified professional midwife, licensed midwife, and Tribal-recognized midwife.

“(B) CERTIFIED MIDWIFE.—For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term ‘certified midwife’ means an individual who is certified by the American Midwifery Certification Board to practice midwifery.

“(C) CERTIFIED PROFESSIONAL MIDWIFE.—For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term ‘certified professional midwife’ means an individual who—

“(i) is certified by the North American Registry of Midwives to practice midwifery for normal, low-risk pregnancies and childbirths;

“(ii) completes—

“(I) a midwifery education program accredited by the Midwifery Education and Accreditation Council or any other entity recognized by the Department of Education; or

“(II) the requirements to obtain a Midwifery Bridge Certificate from the North American Registry of Midwives; and

“(iii) maintains the certification described in clause (i) by completing any required continuing education for such certification.

“(D) LICENSED MIDWIFE.—For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term ‘licensed midwife’ means, with respect to a State, an individual who is licensed under State law to practice midwifery.

“(E) TRIBAL-RECOGNIZED MIDWIFE.—For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term ‘Tribal-recognized midwife’ means an individual who is recognized by an Indian tribe (as defined in section 4 of the Indian Health Care Improvement Act) to practice midwifery for such tribe.”.

(b) Requiring mandatory coverage under State plan.—Section 1902(a)(10)(A) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396a(a)(10)(A)) is amended, in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking “and (29)” and inserting “(29), and (30)”.

(c) Effective date.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Subject to paragraph (2), the amendments made by this section shall apply with respect to medical assistance furnished on or after January 1, 2020.

(2) EXCEPTION FOR STATE LEGISLATION.—In the case of a State plan under title XIX of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.) that the Secretary of Health and Human Services determines requires State legislation in order for the respective plan to meet any requirement imposed by amendments made by this section, the respective plan shall not be regarded as failing to comply with the requirements of such title solely on the basis of its failure to meet such an additional requirement before the first day of the first calendar quarter beginning after the close of the first regular session of the State legislature that begins after the date of the enactment of this Act. For purposes of the previous sentence, in the case of a State that has a 2-year legislative session, each year of the session shall be considered to be a separate regular session of the State legislature.


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