Text: H.R.2759 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (05/15/2019)


116th CONGRESS
1st Session
H. R. 2759


To require the Secretary of Defense to enhance the readiness of the Department of Defense to challenges relating to climate change and to improve the energy and resource efficiency of the Department, and for other purposes.


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

May 15, 2019

Ms. Escobar (for herself, Ms. Hill of California, Ms. Haaland, Mr. Gallego, and Mr. Cisneros) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Armed Services


A BILL

To require the Secretary of Defense to enhance the readiness of the Department of Defense to challenges relating to climate change and to improve the energy and resource efficiency of the Department, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Department of Defense Climate Resiliency and Readiness Act”.

SEC. 2. Definitions.

In this Act:

(1) CLIMATE CHANGE.—The term “climate change” means a change of climate that is—

(A) attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere; and

(B) in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods.

(2) CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.—The term “congressional defense committees” has the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, United States Code.

(3) NET ZERO ENERGY.—The term “net zero energy” means, with respect to each installation of the Department of Defense, a reduction in overall energy use, maximization of energy efficiency, and implementation and use of energy recovery and cogeneration capabilities at each installation, and an offset of the remaining demand for energy with production of energy from onsite renewable energy sources at such installation, such that such installation produces as much energy as it uses over the course of a year.

(4) RESILIENCY.—The term “resiliency” means, with respect to each installation of the Department of Defense, an anticipation, preparation for, and adaptation of each installation to utility disruptions and changing environmental conditions, and the achievement and maintenance by such installation of the capability to withstand, respond to, and recover rapidly from utility disruptions while ensuring the sustainment of mission-critical operations.

(5) NON-OPERATIONAL SOURCES.—The term “non-operational sources”—

(A) means fixed installations, enduring locations, and non-tactical vehicles of the Department of Defense; and

(B) does not include sources in connection with the training, moving, and sustaining of the Armed Forces and weapons platforms for military operations and training, including tactical power systems and generators at non-enduring locations of the Department of Defense.

(6) RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCE.—The term “renewable energy source” has the meaning given that term in section 2924(6) of title 10, United States Code.

(7) UNITED STATES.—The term “United States” means the several States, the District of Columbia, and any territory or possession of the United States.

SEC. 3. Net zero energy by non-operational sources of the Department of Defense.

(a) In general.—The Department of Defense shall achieve aggregate net zero energy in use of energy by non-operational sources by not later than December 31, 2029.

(b) Strategy.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report setting forth the strategy of the Department of Defense to achieve the requirement under subsection (a).

(2) ELEMENTS.—The report required by paragraph (1) shall set forth the following:

(A) The strategy of the Department of Defense to achieve the requirement under subsection (a) for all installations under the jurisdiction of the Department (other than the military departments).

(B) The strategy of each military department to achieve the requirement under subsection (a) for all installations under the jurisdiction of such department.

(C) An assessment of the manner in which the achievement by the Department of Defense of the requirement under subsection (a) will enhance the readiness of the Armed Forces to address threats posed by Russia, China, Iran, North Korea, and violent extremism.

(3) BIENNIAL UPDATE.—Not later than two years after the submittal of the report required by paragraph (1), and every two years thereafter through December 31, 2029, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report setting forth the following:

(A) A current assessment of the progress of the Department of Defense in implementing the strategy described in paragraph (1), set forth by military department, Defense Agency, and other component or element of the Department.

(B) Any updates to the strategy.

(4) CONSULTATION.—The Secretary shall consult with the National Academy of Sciences and a federally funded research and development center in developing the report required by paragraph (1) and any update to that report under paragraph (3).

(c) Waiver.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Defense may waive the requirement in subsection (a) if the Secretary—

(A) determines that achievement of such requirement would adversely affect operational safety, force protection, or the national security interests of the United States; and

(B) submits to the congressional defense committees a written notification of the waiver, together with a justification for the waiver.

(2) PERIOD.—The period of any waiver under paragraph (1) may not exceed 30 days.

(3) RENEWAL.—Any waiver under this subsection may be renewed one or more times, in the manner provided for the initial such waiver under paragraph (1) and for the period provided for in paragraph (2).

SEC. 4. Climate-conscious budgeting of Department of Defense.

(a) In general.—The Secretary of Defense shall include in the annual budget submission of the President under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code—

(1) a dedicated budget line item for adaptation to, and mitigation of, climate-related risks to military networks, systems, installations, facilities, and other assets and capabilities of the Department of Defense; and

(2) an estimate of the anticipated adverse impacts to the readiness of the Department and the financial costs to the Department during the year covered by the budget of the loss of, or damage to, military networks, systems, installations, facilities, and other assets and capabilities of the Department, including loss of or obstructed access to training ranges, as a result of climate change.

(b) Disaggregation of impacts and costs.—The estimate under subsection (a)(2) shall set forth the adverse readiness impacts and financial costs under that subsection by military department, Defense Agency, and other component or element of the Department.

SEC. 5. Inclusion in Annual Energy Management and Resilience Report of Department of Defense of list of military installations that emit the most carbon and estimate of energy consumption by Department.

(a) In general.—For every fiscal year beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall include in the Annual Energy Management and Resilience Report for that fiscal year—

(1) a list of the ten installations within each military department that emit the most carbon;

(2) an estimate of all energy consumption by the Department of Defense, including greenhouse gas emissions; and

(3) an assessment of greenhouse gas emissions at all installations of the Department, disaggregated by operational and non-operational sources.

(b) Metrics.—In determining energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions under paragraphs (2) and (3) of subsection (a), the Secretary shall use metrics established by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, in consultation with the National Academy of Sciences and a federally funded research and development center.

SEC. 6. Climate-conscious contracting of Department of Defense.

(a) In general.—Chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

§ 2339b. Requirements relating to energy consumption and climate change

“(a) Projected energy consumption.—Each Department of Defense contract for the procurement of property or services entered into on or after October 1, 2019, shall include a written estimate by the Department of the total projected energy consumption of all work to be performed under the contract, and a statement of whether the contract will include investments by the contractor or the Department in renewable energy or energy-efficient sources.

“(b) Policy on consideration of certain factors in determinations To award contracts.—In making any determination to enter into a contract described in subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall take into account—

“(1) whether the contractor verifiably produces as much renewable energy as the total energy it consumes; and

“(2) whether there is any order against the contractor by the Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of Justice, or a State attorney general to pay a fine or take remedial action for a violation of an environmental law or regulation of the United States.

“(c) Disclosure of climate-Related risks.—Each prospective contractor with the Department of Defense shall, as a prerequisite of bidding for a contract with the Department, submit a detailed statement to the Department that includes information regarding—

“(1) the identification of, the evaluation of potential financial impacts of, and any risk-management strategies relating to—

“(A) physical risks posed to the contractor by climate change; and

“(B) transition risks posed to the contractor by climate change; and

“(2) a description of any established corporate governance processes and structures to identify, assess, and manage climate-related risks.

“(d) Assessment of fees To combat climate change.— (1) Each Department of Defense contract for the procurement of property or services entered into on or after October 1, 2019, shall include a requirement that the contractor pay to the Department of Defense a fee equal to one percent of the value of the contract in the case of a contractor that is not, at the time of the Department’s solicitation of the contract, verifiably producing as much renewable energy as the total energy it consumes.

“(2) Any contractor required to pay a fee under paragraph (1) with respect to a contract may not offset the cost of such fee by increasing the amount of the proposal for such contract.

“(e) Waiver.— (1) The Secretary of Defense may waive the requirements in subsections (a) and (b) if the Secretary—

“(A) (i) determines that such requirements would adversely affect operational safety, force protection, or the national security interests of the United States; or

“(ii) with respect to particular property or services, determines that—

“(I) market conditions for the property or services have adversely affected (or will in the near future adversely affect) the acquisition of the property or services by the Department of Defense; and

“(II) the waiver will expedite or facilitate the acquisition of the property or services; and

“(B) submits to the congressional defense committees a written notification of the waiver, together with a justification for the waiver.

“(2) The period of any waiver under paragraph (1) may not exceed 30 days.

“(3) Any waiver under this subsection may be renewed one or more times, in the manner provided for the initial such waiver under paragraph (1) and for the period provided for in paragraph (2).”.

(b) Clerical amendment.—The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2339a the following new item:


“2339b. Requirements relating to energy consumption and climate change.”.

(c) Energy and Climate Resiliency Fund.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—There is established in the Treasury of the United States a fund, to be known as the “Energy and Climate Resiliency Fund” (in this subsection referred to as the “Fund”), to be administered by the Secretary of Defense.

(2) USE OF AMOUNTS.—Amounts deposited in the Fund shall be used only for climate-related improvements that contribute to the continued operational viability and the resiliency of the networks, systems, installations, facilities, and other assets and capabilities of the Department of Defense.

(3) DEPOSIT AND AVAILABILITY OF AMOUNTS.—Notwithstanding section 3302 of title 31, United States Code, fees collected under section 2339b(b) of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a)—

(A) shall be deposited into the Fund to carry out the activities described in paragraph (2);

(B) to the extent and in the amounts provided in advance in appropriations Acts, shall be available to the Secretary of Defense; and

(C) shall remain available until expended.

(4) CLIMATE-RELATED IMPROVEMENTS DEFINED.—In this subsection, the term “climate-related improvements” means efforts by the Department of Defense to prepare for, or mitigate the effects of, the following:

(A) Extreme weather.

(B) Rising sea tides.

(C) Increased flooding.

(D) Drought.

(E) Desertification.

(F) Wildfires.

(G) Thawing permafrost.

(H) Such other conditions as the Secretary determines necessary.

SEC. 7. Development of climate vulnerability and risk assessment tool.

(a) In general.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall develop a climate vulnerability and risk assessment tool to assist the military departments in measuring how the risks associated with climate change impact networks, systems, installations, facilities, and other assets, as well as the operational plans and capabilities of the Department of Defense.

(b) Consultation.—In developing the tool under subsection (a), the Secretary shall consult with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, the Secretary of Energy, the Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the Commander of the Army Corps of Engineers, the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, a federally funded research and development center, and the heads of such other relevant Federal agencies as the Secretary of Defense determines appropriate.

(c) Prevailing scientific consensus.—Before completing development of the tool under subsection (a), the Secretary shall obtain from the National Academy of Sciences and a federally funded research and development center with which the Secretary has consulted under subsection (b) a certification in writing that the tool contains a methodology that adequately incorporates the prevailing scientific consensus on climate change.

(d) Report.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report describing the tool developed under subsection (a).

(2) CLASSIFIED ANNEX.—The report under paragraph (1) shall be submitted in unclassified form but may contain a classified annex if necessary.

(3) PUBLICATION.—Upon submittal of the report under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall publish the unclassified portion of the report on an internet website of the Department that is available to the public.

(e) Updates to tool.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—After submittal of the report under subsection (d), the Secretary of Defense shall update the climate vulnerability and risk assessment tool developed under subsection (a) as the Secretary considers necessary and appropriate, in consultation with the individuals and entities described in subsection (b) and consistent with the prevailing scientific consensus as required under subsection (c).

(2) REPORT AND PUBLICATION.—Upon completing an update to the tool under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall—

(A) submit to the congressional defense committees a report describing such update; and

(B) publish the unclassified version of such report on an internet website of the Department that is available to the public.

SEC. 8. Annual report on effects of climate change on Department of Defense.

(a) In general.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on vulnerabilities to military installations and combatant commander requirements resulting from climate change that builds upon the report submitted under section 335(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115–91; 131 Stat. 1358).

(b) Use of climate vulnerability and risk assessment tool.—In preparing the report required by subsection (a), the Secretary shall use the climate vulnerability and risk assessment tool developed under section 7.

(c) Elements.—The report required by subsection (a) shall include the following:

(1) An explanation of the underlying methodology behind the climate vulnerability analysis conducted in preparing the report under section 335(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018.

(2) An assessment of how climate change affects low-lying military installations, military installations of the Navy and the Marine Corps, and military installations outside the United States.

(3) An assessment of how climate change affects access of members of the Armed Forces to training ranges.

(4) With respect to a military installation in a country outside the United States, an assessment of the collaboration between the Department of Defense and the military or civilian agencies of the government of that country or nongovernmental organizations operating in that country to adapt to risks from climate change.

(5) An assessment of how climate change affects housing safety and food security on military installations.

(6) An assessment of the strategic benefits derived from isolating infrastructure of the Department of Defense in the United States from the national electric grid and the use of energy-efficient, distributed, and smart power grids by the Armed Forces in the United States and overseas to ensure affordable access to electricity.

(7) A list of the ten military installations within each military department that are most vulnerable to climate change based on the effects of the following:

(A) Geographic location.

(B) Extreme weather.

(C) Rising sea tides.

(D) Increased flooding.

(E) Drought.

(F) Desertification.

(G) Wildfires.

(H) Thawing permafrost.

(I) Such other categories as the Secretary determines necessary.

(8) A climate vulnerability score, determined by the Secretary, for each military installation of the Department.

(9) An overview of mitigations, in addition to current efforts undertaken by the Department, that may be necessary to ensure the continued operational viability and to increase the resiliency of the vulnerable military installations identified under paragraph (7), and the estimated costs of those mitigations.

(10) An assessment of how adapting to climate change impacts the readiness of the Armed Forces to address the threats posed by Russia, China, Iran, North Korea, and violent extremism.

(d) Consultation.—In developing each report under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall consult with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, the Secretary of Energy, the Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the Commander of the Army Corps of Engineers, the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, a federally funded research and development center, and the heads of such other relevant Federal agencies as the Secretary of Defense determines appropriate.

(e) Form of report.—The report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted in unclassified form but may contain a classified annex if necessary.

(f) Publication.—Upon submittal of the report required by subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall publish the unclassified portion of the report on an internet website of the Department of Defense that is available to the public.

SEC. 9. Incorporation of climate resiliency into existing strategies of the Department of Defense.

(a) Consideration of risks of climate change in making strategic decisions relating to military installations.—The Secretary of each military department, with respect to any installation under the jurisdiction of that Secretary, and the Secretary of Defense, with respect to any installation of the Department of Defense that is not under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military department, shall consider the risks associated with climate change when making any strategic decision relating to such installation, including where to locate such installation and where to position equipment, infrastructure, and other military assets.

(b) Codification of directive on climate change.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Directive 4715.21 of the Department of Defense, dated January 14, 2016, and entitled “Climate Change Adaptation and Resilience”, shall remain in effect.

(2) REPORTS ON IMPLEMENTATION OF DIRECTIVE.—Each posture statement submitted to Congress by the Secretary of a military department, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, or the commander of a combatant command shall include a description of the implementation and discharge by such official of the Directive referred to in paragraph (1), including the personnel assigned to implement and discharge the Directive and the progress achieved in such implementation and discharge.

(c) Incorporation of climate change into certain defense strategies.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the heads of other elements of the intelligence community, the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, the Secretary of Energy, the Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the Commander of the Army Corps of Engineers, the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the heads of such other relevant Federal agencies as the Secretary of Defense determines appropriate, shall incorporate climate change into the National Defense Strategy, the National Military Strategy, and operational plans of the Department of Defense.

(2) INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY DEFINED.—In this subsection, the term “intelligence community” has the meaning given that term in section 3 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003).

(d) Implementation and discharge of requirements.—

(1) CROSS-FUNCTIONAL TEAM ON INCORPORATION OF CLIMATE RESILIENCY INTO DEFENSE STRATEGIES.—Among the cross-functional teams established by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to subsection (c) of section 911 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114–328; 130 Stat. 2345; 10 U.S.C. 111 note) in support of the organizational strategy for the Department of Defense required by subsection (a) of that section, the Secretary shall establish a cross-functional team on the implementation and discharge of the requirements under this section.

(2) ESTABLISHMENT AND ACTIVITIES.—The cross-functional team required by paragraph (1) shall be established in accordance with subsection (c) of section 911 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, and shall be governed in its activities in accordance with the provisions of such subsection (c).

(3) DEADLINE FOR ESTABLISHMENT.—The cross-functional team required by paragraph (1) shall be established by not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 10. Research, development, and demonstration program on energy storage, hybrid microgrid, and energy resiliency.

(a) Program required.—The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of Energy, shall conduct a program of research, development, and demonstration of hybrid microgrid systems and electric grid energy storage.

(b) Multidisciplinary teams.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—In carrying out the program under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall organize activities among multidisciplinary teams to leverage, to the maximum extent practicable, expertise from the Department of Energy, the National Laboratories, institutions of higher education, and the private sector.

(2) GOALS.—The multidisciplinary teams organized under paragraph (1) shall pursue aggressive, milestone-driven, and basic research, development, and demonstration goals to carry out the program under subsection (a).

(3) RESOURCES.—The Secretary of Defense shall provide sufficient resources to the multidisciplinary teams organized under paragraph (1) to achieve the goals described in paragraph (2) over a 10-year period.

(c) Areas of focus.—The program under subsection (a) shall focus on—

(1) addressing electrical power intermittency;

(2) integrating renewable energy sources into microgrid systems, hybrid microgrid systems, energy storage, grid security, and local generation of zero-carbon fuels;

(3) the inspection and structural health monitoring of critical energy infrastructure;

(4) materials, electric thermal, electromechanical, and electrochemical systems research;

(5) power conversion technologies research;

(6) developing and using fuel-efficient engines;

(7) additive manufacturing;

(8) developing—

(A) empirical and science-based industry standards to compare the storage capacity, cycle length and capabilities, and reliability of different types of electricity storage; and

(B) validation and testing techniques;

(9) other fundamental and applied research critical to widespread deployment of electricity storage;

(10) device development that builds on results from research described in paragraphs (4), (5), and (9), including combinations of power electronics, advanced optimizing controls, and energy storage as a general purpose element of the electric grid;

(11) micro-scale testing and analysis of storage devices, including test-beds and field trials;

(12) microgrid systems and hybrid microgrid systems to increase the resilience of critical infrastructure of the Department of Defense;

(13) the potential for energy storage and renewable resources, including wind, solar, and hydropower, to be integrated into microgrid systems or hybrid microgrid systems of installations of the Department of Defense;

(14) the capacity of the workforce of the Department of Defense to operate, maintain, and repair a microgrid system or hybrid microgrid system;

(15) opportunities to develop the capacity to operate, maintain, and repair a hybrid microgrid system;

(16) leveraging existing capacity within local or regional research organizations, such as organizations based at institutions of higher education, to support development of hybrid microgrid systems, including by testing novel components and systems prior to field deployment;

(17) electricity storage device safety and reliability, including potential failure modes, mitigation measures, and operational guidelines;

(18) standards for performance, control interface, grid interconnection, and interoperability of electricity storage devices;

(19) maintaining a public database of energy storage projects, policies, codes, standards, and regulations; and

(20) such other criteria as the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of Energy, determines appropriate.

(d) Collaboration.—The program under subsection (a) shall be carried out in collaboration with relevant stakeholders, including, as appropriate—

(1) States;

(2) Indian tribes;

(3) regional entities and regulators;

(4) units of local government;

(5) institutions of higher education, including historically Black colleges or universities and other minority-serving institutions; and

(6) private sector entities.

(e) Report.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter until 2031, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the efforts to implement the program under subsection (a), including any strategy developed to implement such program.

(2) CLASSIFIED ANNEX.—The report under paragraph (1) shall be submitted in unclassified form but may contain a classified annex if necessary.

(3) PUBLICATION.—Upon submittal of the report under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall publish the unclassified portion of the report on an internet website of the Department that is available to the public.

(f) Assistance to States.—The Secretary of Defense may provide technical and financial assistance to States, Indian tribes, units of local government, institutions of higher education, or private sector entities to participate in or use research, development, or demonstration of technology developed under this section.

(g) Authorization of appropriations.—There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of Defense to carry out this section the following:

(1) For fiscal year 2020, $10,000,000.

(2) For fiscal year 2021, $25,000,000.

(3) For fiscal year 2022, $50,000,000.

(4) For fiscal year 2023, $75,000,000.

(5) For fiscal year 2024, $125,000,000.

(6) For fiscal year 2025, $200,000,000.

(7) For each of fiscal years 2026 through 2030, $250,000,000.

(h) No effect on other provisions of law.—Nothing in this section authorizes regulatory actions that would duplicate or conflict with regulatory requirements, mandatory standards, or related processes under section 215 of the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 824o).

(i) Use of funds.—To the maximum extent practicable, in carrying out this section, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the use of funds to carry out this section is coordinated with the Secretary of Energy and among different offices within the Grid Modernization Initiative of the Department of Energy and other programs conducting energy storage research.

(j) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY.—The term “historically Black college or university” has the meaning given the term “part B institution” in section 322(2) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1061(2)).

(2) HYBRID MICROGRID SYSTEM.—The term “hybrid microgrid system” means a stand-alone electrical system that—

(A) is comprised of conventional generation and at least one alternative energy resource; and

(B) may use grid-scale energy storage.

(3) MICROGRID SYSTEM.—The term “microgrid system” means a standalone electrical system that uses grid-scale energy storage.

(4) NATIONAL LABORATORY.—The term “National Laboratory” has the meaning given that term in section 2 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15801).

SEC. 11. Conditions on base realignment and closure activities funded through base closure account of Department of Defense.

(a) Consideration of factors required.—With respect to any Base Realignment and Closure round begun by the Department of Defense after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Department shall consider current and potential vulnerabilities to installations and operations of the Department of Defense resulting from climate change and the resiliency of installations of the Department as described in section 2(3)(B).

(b) Base Realignment and Closure round defined.—In this section, the term “Base Realignment and Closure round” means base realignment and closure activities, including real property acquisition and military construction projects, as authorized by the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101–510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note) and funded through the Department of Defense Base Closure Account established by section 2906 of such Act (as amended by section 2711 of the Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (division B of Public Law 112–239; 126 Stat. 2140)).

SEC. 12. Assistant Secretary of Defense and of the military departments for energy and climate resiliency.

(a) Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy and Climate Resiliency.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Section 138 of title 10, United States Code, is amended—

(A) in subsection (a)(1), by striking “13” and inserting “14”; and

(B) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

“(5) One of the Assistant Secretaries is the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy and Climate Resiliency. The principal duty of the Assistant Secretary shall be the overall supervision of energy and climate resiliency matters of the Department of Defense.”.

(2) DUTIES.—Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe the duties of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy and Climate Resiliency under section 138(b)(5) of title 10, United States Code (as added by paragraph (1)). In prescribing such duties, the Secretary shall—

(A) specify the duties currently performed by the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Installations, Energy, and the Environment that shall be performed instead by the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy and Climate Resiliency; and

(B) specify the duties and responsibilities of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy and Climate Resiliency for oversight of the implementation of the requirements of this Act by the Department of Defense.

(b) Assistant Secretaries of the military departments.—

(1) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY.—Section 7016 of such title is amended—

(A) in subsection (a), by striking “five” and inserting “six”; and

(B) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

“(6) One of the Assistant Secretaries shall be the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Energy and Climate Resiliency. The principal duty of the Assistant Secretary shall be the overall supervision of energy and climate resiliency matters of the Department of the Army.”.

(2) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY.—Section 8016 of such title is amended—

(A) in subsection (a), by striking “four” and inserting “five”; and

(B) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

“(5) One of the Assistant Secretaries shall be the Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Energy and Climate Resiliency. The principal duty of the Assistant Secretary shall be the overall supervision of energy and climate resiliency matters of the Department of the Navy.”.

(3) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE.—Section 9016 of such title is amended—

(A) in subsection (a), by striking “four” and inserting “five”; and

(B) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

“(5) One of the Assistant Secretaries shall be the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Energy and Climate Resiliency. The principal duty of the Assistant Secretary shall be the overall supervision of energy and climate resiliency matters of the Department of the Air Force.”.

(4) DUTIES.—Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, each Secretary of a military department shall prescribe the duties of the Assistant Secretary of such military department for energy and climate resiliency under the applicable amendments made by this subsection. In prescribing such duties, such Secretary shall—

(A) specify the duties currently performed by the Assistant Secretary of such military department for installations, energy, and the environment that shall be performed instead by the Assistant Secretary of such military department for energy and climate resiliency; and

(B) specify the duties and responsibilities of the Assistant Secretary of such military department for energy and climate resiliency for oversight of the implementation of the requirements of this Act by such military department.

(c) Executive schedule matters.—Section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by striking the items relating to the Assistant Secretaries of Air Force, the Assistant Secretaries of the Army, and the Assistant Secretaries of the Navy and inserting the following new items:

“ Assistant Secretaries of the Air Force (5).

“ Assistant Secretaries of the Army (6).

“ Assistant Secretaries of the Navy (5).”.

(d) Additional positions of responsibility for energy and climate resiliency.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, each officer specified in paragraph (2) shall establish within the command under the jurisdiction of such officer a position of responsibility for oversight of the implementation of the requirements of this Act by such command. Any individual assigned to such a position shall be an officer of the Armed Forces on active duty in a general or flag officer grade.

(2) OFFICERS.—The officers specified in this paragraph are the following:

(A) The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

(B) The commander of each combatant command.