Text: H.R.4301 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

There is one version of the bill.

Text available as:

Shown Here:
Introduced in House (09/12/2019)


116th CONGRESS
1st Session
H. R. 4301


To require the Secretary of Education, in consultation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of Health and Human Services, to publish an annual report on indicators of school crime and safety that includes data on school shootings, and for other purposes.


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

September 12, 2019

Ms. Gabbard (for herself, Mrs. McBath, and Mrs. Hayes) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and Labor


A BILL

To require the Secretary of Education, in consultation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of Health and Human Services, to publish an annual report on indicators of school crime and safety that includes data on school shootings, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “School Shooting Safety and Preparedness Act”.

SEC. 2. Definitions.

In this Act:

(1) TITLE 18 DEFINITIONS.—The terms “firearm” and “ammunition” have the meanings given such terms in section 921 of title 18, United States Code. The term “large capacity ammunition feeding device” has the meaning given such term in section 921 of title 18, Unites States Code, as in effect on September 1, 2004.

(2) MASS SHOOTING.—The term “mass shooting” means a shooting during which three or more individuals, not including the shooter, were injured or killed in one location or in multiple locations in close proximity.

(3) SCHOOL.—The term “school” means—

(A) an early childhood education program (as defined in section 103 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1003));

(B) an elementary school (as defined in section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801));

(C) a secondary school (as defined in section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801)); and

(D) an institution of higher education (as defined in section 102 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1002)).

(4) SCHOOL SHOOTING.—The term “school shooting”—

(A) means an event or occurrence—

(i) during which one or more individuals were injured or killed by a firearm; and

(ii) that occurred—

(I) in, or on the grounds of, a school, even if before or after school hours;

(II) while the victim was traveling to or from a regular session at school; or

(III) while the victim was attending or traveling to or from an official school sponsored event; and

(B) does not include an accidental shooting.

SEC. 3. Annual report on indicators of school crime and safety.

(a) In general.—The Secretary of Education, in consultation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall publish not less frequently than on an annual basis a report on indicators of school crime and safety. Such report shall be produced by the National Center for Education Statistics of the Department of Education in consultation with the Bureau of Justice Statistics of the Department of Justice. Such report shall include, at a minimum, an updated version of the information provided in the National Center for Education Statistics report NCES 2019–047 issued in April 2019, and the data described in subsections (b) and (d).

(b) Statistics on school shootings.—In collecting data on school shootings to be compiled in the annual report described in subsection (a), the National Center on Education Statistics shall collect at a minimum the following data annually:

(1) The number of school shootings that have taken place nationwide.

(2) The number of mass shootings that have taken place nationwide.

(3) The number of school shootings that were suicides.

(4) The number of people killed in each school shooting.

(5) The number of people injured in each school shooting.

(6) The time of the shooting and whether it occurred during school hours.

(7) The age, gender, race, ethnicity, and nationality of each victim in each shooting.

(8) The age, gender, race, ethnicity, nationality, and relationship to the school of each shooter.

(9) The motivation of the shooter, including any real or perceived bias.

(10) How the shooting was stopped, including—

(A) whether the shooter was injured or killed, and if so, by whom; and

(B) if not, what was the other outcome of the incident (such as escape, arrest, or suicide).

(11) The number and type of firearms and ammunition were used in each shooting, including—

(A) the make and model of the firearm;

(B) the manufacturer of the firearm;

(C) the make and model of the ammunition;

(D) the manufacturer of the ammunition;

(E) whether a large capacity ammunition feeding device was present at the scene or used during the shooting; and

(F) the number of rounds of ammunition fired by the shooter over the course of the shooting.

(12) Criminal records of the shooter that indicate a tendency toward violence.

(13) Where each of the firearms used in each shooting was obtained and how, including—

(A) whether the firearm was registered; and

(B) whether the firearm was purchased from a licensed gun dealer or an unlicensed sale.

(14) If the original purchaser was not the shooter, what was, if any, the original purchaser’s relationship to the shooter.

(15) If the original purchaser was not the shooter and the firearm was obtained from the shooter’s home, the gun storage practices being used in the home, and whether the gun owner was charged with failing to properly secure his or her firearm.

(16) Whether the school had armed teachers, as that term is defined in section 8553 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7943), and if so, whether such armed teachers stopped the incident by shooting the shooter.

(17) How long did the shooting last (the approximate elapsed time between the first and last shots fired).

(18) What was the response time of law enforcement.

(c) Historic statistics on school shootings.—To the extent practicable, the Secretary of Education shall direct the National Center on Education Statistics to collect the data required in subsection (b) for shootings that occurred prior to the date of the enactment of this Act, and publish such data as a revision to any annual report on indicators of school crime and safety issued by the National Center on Education Statistics prior to the date of the enactment of this Act.

(d) Safety and prevention.—In collecting data on school shootings to be compiled in the annual report described in subsection (a), the National Center on Education Statistics shall collect, at a minimum, information on the existence or absence of the following safety and prevention measures at the time of the shooting at schools where a school shooting occurred in the previous year:

(1) Structural physical security measures.

(2) School structural features that are designed with best practices to avert and restrict violence while preserving open learning environments that positively influence student behavior.

(3) A communication plan with local law enforcement.

(4) A response plan that includes coordination with local agencies (law enforcement, fire department, hospitals, etc.).

(5) An active shooter response plan.

(6) Any other similar type of safety or prevention measure in place at the time of the school shooting.

(e) Rule of construction.—In collecting data on school shootings to be compiled in the annual report described in subsection (a), any data disaggregation required by subsection (b) shall not be required in the case where the number of students in a disaggregated subgroup is insufficient to yield statistically reliable data or the results would reveal personally identifiable information about an individual student.


Share This Section