Summary: H.R.4 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

There is one summary for H.R.4. Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

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Introduced in House (02/26/2019)

Voting Rights Advancement Act of 2019

This bill amends the Voting Rights Act of 1965 to establish new criteria for requiring preclearance of changes to voting practices in states and political subdivisions of states, among other things.

A state and all of its political subdivisions shall be subject to preclearance of voting practice changes for a 10-year period if (1) 15 or more voting rights violations occurred in the state during the previous 25 years; or (2) 10 or more violations occurred during the previous 25 years, at least one of which was committed by the state itself. A political subdivision shall also be subject to preclearance for a 10-year period if three or more voting rights violations occurred there during the previous 25 years.

A state or political subdivision that obtains a declaratory judgment that it has not used a voting practice to deny or abridge the right to vote shall be exempt from preclearance.

The bill specifies practices that all jurisdictions must preclear before implementing.

The bill expands the circumstances under which (1) a court may retain the authority to preclear voting changes made by a state or political subdivision, or (2) the Department of Justice may assign election observers.

States and political subdivisions must notify the public of changes to voting practices.

The bill revises the circumstances under which a court must grant preliminary injunctive relief in a challenge to voting practices.