Text: H.R.5185 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (11/19/2019)

 
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[H.R. 5185 Introduced in House (IH)]

<DOC>






116th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 5185

  To provide economic empowerment opportunities in the United States 
  through the modernization of public housing, and for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                           November 19, 2019

Ms. Ocasio-Cortez (for herself, Ms. Lee of California, Mr. Blumenauer, 
    Mr. DeFazio, Ms. Pingree, Mr. Nadler, Ms. Norton, Ms. Omar, Mr. 
Espaillat, Ms. Jayapal, Mr. Cohen, Mrs. Beatty, Ms. Pressley, Mr. Levin 
 of Michigan, and Ms. Tlaib) introduced the following bill; which was 
            referred to the Committee on Financial Services

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
  To provide economic empowerment opportunities in the United States 
  through the modernization of public housing, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Green New Deal for Public Housing 
Act''.

SEC. 2. PURPOSES.

    The purpose of this Act is--
            (1) to stimulate, gather, and develop the workforce 
        capacity, tools, financing, and materials needed to 
        rehabilitate, upgrade, modernize, and transition public 
        housing;
            (2) to rehabilitate public housing that is severely 
        distressed and causing residents to be exposed to unhealthy and 
        unsafe environments;
            (3) to upgrade and equip all public housing with cutting-
        edge materials, infrastructure, and all-electric appliances 
        made in the United States in order to improve energy 
        efficiency, water quality, and material living standards in 
        public housing and to support United States manufacturing;
            (4) to modernize public housing laws in order to maximize 
        tenant participation and management by low- and very low-income 
        individuals in the rehabilitation, upgrade, and transition of 
        public housing through education, training, and jobs; and
            (5) to transition the entire public housing stock of the 
        United States, as swiftly and seamlessly as possible, into 
        highly energy-efficient homes that produce on-site, or procure, 
        enough carbon-free renewable energy to meet total energy 
        consumption annually.

SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act:
            (1) Community resilience center.--The term ``community 
        resilience center'' means a communal space in public housing 
        that is used as a cooling center, heating center, or disaster 
        relief center during extreme weather.
            (2) Eligible entity.--The term ``eligible entity'' means--
                    (A) a public housing agency;
                    (B) an Indian tribe or a tribally designated 
                housing entity that is eligible to receive assistance 
                under the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-
                Determination Act of 1996 (25 U.S.C. 4101 et seq.); and
                    (C) the Department of Hawaiian Home Lands, as 
                defined in section 801 of the Native American Housing 
                Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996 (25 
                U.S.C. 4221).
            (3) Indian tribe; tribally designated housing entity.--The 
        terms ``Indian tribe'' and ``tribally designated housing 
        entity'' have the meanings given those terms in section 4 of 
        the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination 
        Act of 1996 (25 U.S.C. 4103).
            (4) Public housing.--The term ``public housing''--
                    (A) has the meaning given the term in section 3(b) 
                of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 
                1437a(b)); and
                    (B) includes--
                            (i) any dwelling unit owned by an Indian 
                        tribe that is or was a dwelling unit in public 
                        housing;
                            (ii) any low-income housing dwelling unit 
                        described in section 302(b)(1) of the Native 
                        American Housing Assistance and Self-
                        Determination Act of 1996 (25 U.S.C. 
                        4152(b)(1));
                            (iii) any dwelling unit assisted under 
                        section 802 of the Native American Housing 
                        Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996 
                        (25 U.S.C. 4222); and
                            (iv) any dwelling unit that--
                                    (I) was a low-income housing 
                                dwelling unit described in section 
                                302(b)(1) of the Native American 
                                Housing Assistance and Self-
                                Determination Act of 1996 (25 U.S.C. 
                                4152(b)(1)); and
                                    (II) is rented only to households 
                                with an income that is not more than 80 
                                percent of the area median income.
            (5) Public housing agency.--The term ``public housing 
        agency'' has the meaning given the term in section 3(b) of the 
        United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437a(b)).
            (6) Public housing resident-owned business.--The term 
        ``public housing resident-owned business'' means a business 
        concern that--
                    (A) provides economic opportunities, as defined in 
                section 3(e) of the Housing and Urban Development Act 
                of 1968 (12 U.S.C. 1701u(e)); and
                    (B) is owned by public housing residents.
            (7) Renewable energy.--The term ``renewable energy'' 
        means--
                    (A) utility-, community-, and small-scale 
                photovoltaic and thermal solar energy;
                    (B) utility- and small-scale wind energy;
                    (C) geothermal energy;
                    (D) microturbine hydroelectricity;
                    (E) energy efficiency;
                    (F) building electrification;
                    (G) energy storage;
                    (H) microgrids; and
                    (I) modern distribution grid infrastructure.
            (8) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Housing and Urban Development.
            (9) Zero-carbon home.--The term ``zero-carbon home'' means 
        a highly energy-efficient home that produces on-site, or 
        procures, enough carbon-free renewable energy to meet the total 
        annual energy consumption of the home.

SEC. 4. CONGRESSIONAL FINDINGS AND SENSE OF CONGRESS FOR IMPROVED 
              ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN IN GOVERNMENT HOUSING PROGRAMS.

    Section 4 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 (12 
U.S.C. 1701v) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 4. IMPROVED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN IN GOVERNMENT HOUSING PROGRAMS.

    ``(a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
            ``(1) if Federal aid is to make its full community-wide 
        contribution toward improving our urban and rural environments, 
        Federal aid must have a greater impact on improvements in 
        architectural design; and
            ``(2) even within the necessary budget limitations on 
        housing for low- and moderate-income families, architectural 
        design and environmental performance can be improved not only 
        to make the housing more livable, but also to better suit the 
        needs of occupants including human and environmental health, 
        zero carbon emissions, well-being, accessibility, and equity.
    ``(b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that in the 
administration of housing programs that assist in the provision of 
housing for low- and moderate-income families, emphasis should be given 
to--
            ``(1) encouraging good architectural design that yields 
        maximal environmental performance and adheres to accessibility 
        guidelines established in accordance with the Americans With 
        Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.) as an 
        essential component of such housing; and
            ``(2) developing, with opportunities for resident 
        involvement, housing that will be of such quality as to reflect 
        the highest international architectural standards and the 
        architectural standards of the neighborhood and the community 
        in which it is situated, consistent with prudent budgeting.''.

SEC. 5. DECLARATION OF POLICY.

    Section 2(a) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 
1437(a)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Declaration of Policy.--It is the policy of the United 
States--
            ``(1) to modernize the intersections of Federal and local 
        government by employing the funds and credit of the United 
        States, as provided in this Act--
                    ``(A) to guarantee the right to housing for every 
                individual;
                    ``(B) to assist States and political subdivisions 
                of States in ensuring that--
                            ``(i) all housing in the United States is 
                        habitable, highly energy-efficient, and safe; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) housing conditions lead to good 
                        health, security, and adequate protection from 
                        the economic fears relating to old age, 
                        disability, sickness, accident, and 
                        unemployment; and
                    ``(C) to protect, maintain, preserve, and expand 
                public housing as a sustainable safety net for all 
                people;
            ``(2) that it is the responsibility of the Federal 
        Government, in conjunction with public housing agencies, to 
        incentivize, promote, and protect the independent, 
        collaborative, and collective actions of public housing 
        residents and other private citizens to develop housing in a 
        manner that strengthens entire neighborhoods; and
            ``(3) that the Federal Government should act and build new 
        public housing where there is a serious need that the free 
        market cannot address or is not addressing responsibly.''.

SEC. 6. GREEN NEW DEAL PUBLIC HOUSING GRANTS.

    (a) Establishment of Grant Programs.--
            (1) Grants for community workforce development.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
                grant program that provides amounts to eligible 
                entities to facilitate workforce development projects 
                and high-income employment transition at public 
                housing.
                    (B) Preference.--In awarding grants under this 
                paragraph, the Secretary shall give preference to 
                applications submitted by--
                            (i) eligible entities located in rural 
                        areas;
                            (ii) eligible entities described in 
                        subparagraph (B) or (C) of section 3(2); and
                            (iii) eligible entities that demonstrate a 
                        capacity to facilitate a workforce development 
                        program that includes--
                                    (I) the development of career and 
                                related skills, including financial and 
                                economic empowerment education;
                                    (II) direct entry to apprenticeship 
                                programs;
                                    (III) certification or associate 
                                degree acquisition;
                                    (IV) technical assistance and 
                                resources for public housing resident-
                                owned businesses for purposes of 
                                compliance with the requirements under 
                                section 3 of the Housing and Urban 
                                Development Act of 1968 (12 U.S.C. 
                                1701u), including--
                                            (aa) legal or compliance 
                                        services on behalf of public 
                                        housing resident-owned 
                                        businesses for purposes of 
                                        helping them access and apply 
                                        for government procurement and 
                                        contracting opportunities;
                                            (bb) education on starting 
                                        and sustaining a business;
                                            (cc) accessing insurance 
                                        and bonds; and
                                            (dd) demonstrating capacity 
                                        and sustainable operations;
                                    (V) training and development of 
                                skills necessary for career development 
                                in the fields, trades, and services 
                                reasonably determined during the first 
                                public comment period held in 
                                accordance with subsection (b)(3) to be 
                                of interest to public housing 
                                residents;
                                    (VI) educational and organizational 
                                tools for public housing residents in 
                                order to advance the models of worker 
                                cooperatives and collective bargaining;
                                    (VII) education, engagement, and 
                                empowerment resources to help both 
                                residents of public housing and local 
                                low- and very low-income individuals 
                                avail themselves of opportunities made 
                                available under the workforce 
                                development program, including 
                                education, engagement, and empowerment 
                                resources provided in partnership 
                                with--
                                            (aa) a local entity that 
                                        operates a Family Self-
                                        Sufficiency program under 
                                        section 23 of the United States 
                                        Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 
                                        1437u); and
                                            (bb) community-based 
                                        organizations that demonstrate 
                                        a commitment to and history of 
                                        organizing with public housing 
                                        residents;
                                    (VIII) innovative design 
                                partnerships with local schools and 
                                architectural firms;
                                    (IX) training and employment 
                                opportunities reserved specifically for 
                                local low- and very low-income people 
                                that were formerly incarcerated; and
                                    (X) stipends valued at not less 
                                than $250 per week to individuals 
                                participating in the workforce 
                                development program.
                    (C) Compliance managers.--Not more than 10 percent 
                of the amount of a grant received by an eligible entity 
                under this paragraph may be used by an eligible entity 
                to hire or otherwise retain reporting and compliance 
                managers with sufficient expertise to ensure that the 
                eligible entity can comply with the requirements of 
                section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 
                1968 (12 U.S.C. 1701u).
            (2) Grants for deep energy retrofits.--The Secretary shall 
        establish a grant program that provides amounts to eligible 
        entities to conduct physical needs assessments and subsequent 
        deep energy retrofits in public housing, including--
                    (A) retrofits for--
                            (i) energy-efficient windows;
                            (ii) super insulation of roofs and exterior 
                        walls, including the addition of new cladding 
                        to buildings and the rerouting of plumbing and 
                        electricity;
                            (iii) electrification of water heating and 
                        building heating systems using electric heat 
                        pumps; and
                            (iv) electric heat pumps to provide air 
                        conditioning, where feasible;
                    (B) strategies to increase airtightness of building 
                envelope, including air sealant paints; and
                    (C) acquisition and installation of heat-recovery 
                ventilation systems.
            (3) Grants for energy efficiency, building electrification 
        upgrades, and water quality.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
                grant program that provides amounts to eligible 
                entities for upgrades, replacements, and improvements 
                in public housing to energy efficiency, building 
                electrification, including for--
                            (i) conducting physical needs assessments 
                        of public housing dwelling units;
                            (ii) in-unit energy efficiency product 
                        upgrades, including upgrading to--
                                    (I) modern, energy-efficient 
                                insulation;
                                    (II) all-electric state-of-the-art 
                                efficient appliances;
                                    (III) energy-efficient bathroom 
                                plumbing, including low-flow toilets;
                                    (IV) energy-efficient laundry 
                                machines;
                                    (V) energy-efficient air filters;
                                    (VI) energy monitoring devices 
                                including smart meters and smart 
                                thermostats;
                                    (VII) energy-efficient lightbulbs;
                                    (VIII) highly insulated windows;
                                    (IX) reflective roofing; and
                                    (X) smart Supervisory Control and 
                                Data Acquisition systems and building-
                                to-grid integration;
                            (iii) infrastructure related to building 
                        electrification, including the upgrade of--
                                    (I) electric heating, ventilation, 
                                and air conditioning systems, including 
                                cold-climate heat pumps;
                                    (II) electrical panels; and
                                    (III) electric appliances to 
                                replace appliances reliant on fossil 
                                fuels, such as gas stoves and hot water 
                                heaters; and
                            (iv) water quality upgrades, including the 
                        replacement of water pipes in public housing if 
                        a quality test of drinking water concentrations 
                        in public housing exceeds--
                                    (I) 3.1 parts per billion of lead;
                                    (II) 20 parts per trillion combined 
                                of the 5 perfluoroalkyl and 
                                polyfluoroalkyl substances, which are--
                                            (aa) perfluorooctanoic 
                                        acid;
                                            (bb) perfluorooctane 
                                        sulfonate;
                                            (cc) perfluorohexane 
                                        sulfonic acid;
                                            (dd) perfluoroheptanoic 
                                        acid; and
                                            (ee) perfluorononanoic 
                                        acid;
                                    (III) 0.010 mg/L of arsenic;
                                    (IV) 1.3 mg/L of copper;
                                    (V) drinking water standards of the 
                                Environmental Protection Agency for 
                                organic and inorganic contaminants, 
                                radionuclides, and microbiological 
                                contaminants; and
                                    (VI) any other Environmental 
                                Protection Agency standard adopted 
                                under the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 
                                U.S.C. 300f et seq.).
                    (B) Benchmarking energy and water consumption.--In 
                addition to the requirements described in subsection 
                (b), an eligible entity desiring a grant under this 
                paragraph shall include in the grant application a 
                commitment to benchmarking energy and water consumption 
                using ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager, or another system 
                approved by the Department of Housing and Urban 
                Development, for a period of not less than 5 years 
                beginning on the date on which the eligible entity 
                receives the grant.
            (4) Grants for community energy generation.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
                grant program that provides amounts to eligible 
                entities to build and expand community energy 
                generation in public housing, including the 
                construction of and ongoing costs associated with--
                            (i) renewable energy rooftops;
                            (ii) renewable energy generation;
                            (iii) photovolatic glass windows;
                            (iv) the bulk purchase of clean energy grid 
                        supply from energy utilities; and
                            (v) community-scale energy storage systems.
                    (B) Priority.--In awarding grants under this 
                paragraph, the Secretary shall give preference to 
                applications submitted by eligible entities that--
                            (i) demonstrate an ability to generate the 
                        greatest amount of renewable energy that can be 
                        consumed by public housing projects and 
                        transferred to the local energy grid; and
                            (ii) demonstrate a commitment to provide 
                        job training and contracting opportunities to 
                        public housing residents and public housing 
                        resident-owned businesses.
                    (C) Profits.--
                            (i) In general.--With respect to any energy 
                        produced by an eligible entity carrying out a 
                        grant under this paragraph, the eligible entity 
                        may retain 90 percent of any profits earned 
                        from selling the energy.
                            (ii) Vote.--An eligible entity described in 
                        clause (i) with not less than 50 public housing 
                        dwelling units shall provide residents of the 
                        public housing the opportunity to vote on how 
                        the profits earned under clause (i) shall be 
                        used.
                            (iii) Other revenue.--Any profits not 
                        retained under this subparagraph shall be 
                        transferred to the Department of the Treasury 
                        for deposit in the General Fund.
            (5) Grants for recycling and zero-waste programs.--The 
        Secretary shall establish a grant program that provides amounts 
        to eligible entities to establish or expand recycling and zero-
        waste programs in public housing, including the recycling of 
        appliances and machines that were replaced through the grant 
        program described in paragraph (3).
            (6) Grants for community resiliency and sustainability.--
        The Secretary shall establish a grant program that provides 
        amounts to eligible entities for community resilience and 
        sustainability projects in public housing, including--
                    (A) the purchase and installation of energy 
                storage, including batteries, flywheels, compressed 
                air, and pumped hydroelectric or thermal energy 
                storage, in order to ensure energy backup of not less 
                than 48 hours in the event of an emergency or disaster;
                    (B) the construction of childcare centers and 
                ongoing costs associated with childcare centers;
                    (C) the construction of senior centers and ongoing 
                costs associated with senior centers;
                    (D) the construction of community gardens and 
                ongoing costs associated with community gardens;
                    (E) the maintenance of entire public housing 
                developments;
                    (F) the installation of publicly owned high speed 
                internet in order to provide universal internet access 
                for all residents with an upload speed of not less than 
                100Mbps and a download speed of not less than 100Mbps, 
                and the ongoing costs associated with providing that 
                internet infrastructure and access;
                    (G) the establishment or improvement, and painting, 
                of community centers and other shared community spaces, 
                the personnel of which shall earn the higher of--
                            (i) the local prevailing wage; or
                            (ii) a wage of $15 per hour;
                    (H) the establishment or improvement of dedicated 
                infrastructure for transportation by bicycle, including 
                lanes, parking spots, and the bulk purchase of enough 
                bicycles to offer 1 bicycle to every low- and very low-
                income public housing resident;
                    (I) the establishment and leasing of commercial 
                activity that offers public housing residents on-site 
                access to goods and services, including good-quality 
                healthcare clinics, dental clinics, bookstores, 
                learning and tutoring centers, and affordable organic 
                groceries; and
                    (J) repairs and upgrades to public housing to 
                ensure compliance with the physical condition standards 
                under section 5.703 of title 24, Code of Federal 
                Regulations.
            (7) Grants for climate adaptation and emergency disaster 
        response.--The Secretary shall establish a grant program that 
        provides amounts and technical assistance to eligible entities 
        for construction and ongoing costs associated with climate 
        adaptation and emergency disaster response for public housing, 
        including--
                    (A) integrated solutions that combine better walls, 
                heating, cooling, ventilation, solar, and storage into 
                a single easy-to-install and affordable retrofit for 
                public housing;
                    (B) additional solar and storage on site, or 
                through a local community microgrid, in order to allow 
                residents to access essential energy during power 
                outages;
                    (C) insulating and eliminating air leakage in order 
                to ensure that individual dwelling units can retain a 
                safe temperature during a power outage until power is 
                restored or emergency assistance arrives; and
                    (D) installing rigid foam wall insulation in 
                hurricane and earthquake-prone areas in order to create 
                shear walls to resist structural damage from walls 
                tilting or falling during high winds and earthquakes.
    (b) Grant Application.--
            (1) Common application form.--The Secretary shall develop a 
        single common grant application that an eligible entity shall 
        use to apply for 1 or more grants under subsection (a).
            (2) Required contents.--As a condition of receiving a grant 
        under subsection (a), each eligible entity shall include in the 
        grant application submitted to the Secretary--
                    (A) a certification that, in carrying out 
                activities under the grant--
                            (i) the eligible entity shall--
                                    (I) ensure that the materials used 
                                by all contractors and subcontractors 
                                receiving grant funds are substantially 
                                manufactured, mined, and produced in 
                                the United States in accordance with 
                                chapter 83 of title 41, United States 
                                Code (commonly known as the ``Buy 
                                American Act'');
                                    (II) ensure that all laborers and 
                                mechanics employed by contractors or 
                                subcontractors in the performance of 
                                construction, alteration, or repair 
                                work financed in whole or in part with 
                                assistance under this section shall be 
                                paid wages at rates not less than those 
                                prevailing on similar construction in 
                                the locality, as determined by the 
                                Secretary of Labor--
                                            (aa) in accordance with 
                                        subchapter IV of chapter 31 of 
                                        title 40, United States Code 
                                        (commonly known as the ``Davis-
                                        Bacon Act''); and
                                            (bb) who, in carrying out 
                                        this subclause, shall have the 
                                        authority and functions set 
                                        forth in Reorganization Plan 
                                        Numbered 14 of 1950 (64 Stat. 
                                        1267; 5 U.S.C. App.) and 
                                        section 3145 of title 40, 
                                        United States Code;
                                    (III) be a party to a project labor 
                                agreement or require contractors and 
                                subcontractors receiving grant funds to 
                                consent to a project labor agreement;
                                    (IV) require all project labor 
                                agreements to be in compliance with the 
                                hiring and contracting requirements 
                                described in subsections (c) and (d) of 
                                section 3 of the Housing and Urban 
                                Development Act of 1968 (12 U.S.C. 
                                1701u);
                                    (V) prohibit all contractors and 
                                subcontractors receiving grant funds 
                                from hiring employees through a 
                                temporary staffing agency unless the 
                                relevant State workforce agency 
                                certifies that temporary employees are 
                                necessary to address an acute, short-
                                term labor demand;
                                    (VI) require all contractors and 
                                subcontractors receiving grant funds to 
                                have an explicit neutrality policy on 
                                any issue involving the organization of 
                                employees of the contractor or 
                                subcontractor, and all contractors and 
                                subcontractors, for purposes of 
                                collective bargaining;
                                    (VII) for each skilled craft 
                                employed to rehabilitate, upgrade, 
                                innovate and transition public housing 
                                developments, demonstrate an ability to 
                                use and to commit to use individuals 
                                enrolled in a registered apprenticeship 
                                program who shall, to the greatest 
                                extent practicable, constitute not less 
                                than 20 percent of the individuals 
                                working on the project; and
                                    (VIII) to the greatest extent 
                                practicable, ensure that contractors 
                                and subcontractors provide preferential 
                                treatment in hiring laborers and 
                                mechanics that are--
                                            (aa) public housing 
                                        residents;
                                            (bb) hired from within 50 
                                        miles of their official 
                                        residence;
                                            (cc) veterans or active or 
                                        retired military;
                                            (dd) highly skilled union 
                                        workers; or
                                            (ee) returning citizens who 
                                        were formerly incarcerated 
                                        individuals; and
                            (ii) the eligible entity and all 
                        contractors and subcontractors of the eligible 
                        entity receiving grant funds--
                                    (I) shall not require mandatory 
                                arbitration for any dispute involving a 
                                worker engaged in a service for the 
                                eligible entity, contractor, or 
                                subcontractor; and
                                    (II) shall consider an individual 
                                performing any service under the grant 
                                as an employee, and not an independent 
                                contractor, of the eligible entity, 
                                contractor, or subcontractor, 
                                respectively, unless--
                                            (aa) the individual is free 
                                        from control and direction in 
                                        connection with the performance 
                                        of the service, both under the 
                                        contract for the performance of 
                                        the service and in fact;
                                            (bb) the service is 
                                        performed outside the usual 
                                        course of the business of the 
                                        eligible entity, contractor, or 
                                        subcontractor, respectively; 
                                        and
                                            (cc) the individual is 
                                        customarily engaged in an 
                                        independently established 
                                        trade, occupation, profession, 
                                        or business of the same nature 
                                        as that involved in such 
                                        service;
                    (B) a signed acknowledgment indicating a commitment 
                to transition all public housing owned or managed by 
                the eligible entity into zero-carbon homes not later 
                than 10 years after the date on which the eligible 
                entity receives the grant;
                    (C) a full accounting of the amount of funds 
                required to complete the activities under the grant, 
                which shall--
                            (i) be complete and reasonably calculated 
                        to accomplish the purposes of this Act;
                            (ii) include costs related to complying 
                        with local wage and labor laws;
                            (iii) include the amount of funds expended 
                        by the eligible entity to comply with the 
                        resident and community engagement requirements 
                        under paragraph (3); and
                            (iv) be updated and submitted to Congress 
                        on a quarterly basis; and
                    (D) a community impact assessment and analysis of--
                            (i) the likely direct and indirect impact 
                        the grant funds, if awarded, will have on the 
                        economic empowerment and social mobility of 
                        traditionally disadvantaged individuals and 
                        communities; and
                            (ii) whether the proposed actions to be 
                        taken under the grant would be affirmatively 
                        furthering fair housing, as defined in section 
                        5.152 of title 24, Code of Federal Regulations, 
                        or any successor regulation.
            (3) Resident and community engagement before submitting 
        application.--Before submitting an application for a grant 
        under this subsection, an eligible entity shall--
                    (A) solicit and consider community and public 
                feedback, to the maximum extent possible, by providing 
                for opportunities to comment via a cloud-based content 
                collaboration provider that is certified by the Federal 
                Risk and Authorization Management Program, through--
                            (i) an initial public comment period, for 
                        which the eligible entity shall--
                                    (I) publish--
                                            (aa) a description of each 
                                        of the grant programs 
                                        established under subsection 
                                        (a); and
                                            (bb) a form to be used to 
                                        submit comments; and
                                    (II) give interested persons 90 
                                days to--
                                            (aa) submit draft text 
                                        directly into the application;
                                            (bb) submit written data 
                                        and accounting estimates; and
                                            (cc) submit general 
                                        comments; and
                            (ii) a second public comment period 
                        beginning not later than 30 days after the end 
                        of the initial public comment period under 
                        clause (i), for which the eligible entity 
                        shall--
                                    (I) publish a draft version of the 
                                completed common application form 
                                described in subsection (a) that 
                                contains, at a minimum--
                                            (aa) a short analysis and 
                                        evaluation of the relevant 
                                        significant proposals set forth 
                                        during the initial public 
                                        comment period; and
                                            (bb) a clear and concise 
                                        statement of the basis, 
                                        purpose, and goals of the 
                                        application; and
                                    (II) give interested persons 30 
                                days to submit feedback on and 
                                recommended improvements to the draft 
                                final grant application;
                    (B) host not less than 2 public hearings, which 
                shall be recorded and held at a convenient location for 
                public housing residents, for each public comment 
                period described in subparagraph (A), to provide public 
                housing residents with an opportunity to comment, with 
                not less than 1 occurring in the afternoon and not less 
                than 1 occurring in the evening; and
                    (C) solicit input and acquire signed approval of 
                the completed common application form from the resident 
                council or resident councils, if existing and active, 
                of the public housing that will receive assistance 
                under the grant.
            (4) Priority for workforce development grants.--The 
        Secretary shall prioritize the review and funding of 
        applications submitted for grants under subsection (a)(1) over 
        applications submitted for any other grant described in 
        subsection (a).
            (5) Exceptions for indigenous groups and tribes.--
                    (A) In general.--Any eligible entity described in 
                section 3(2)(B) that submits an application for a grant 
                program described in this subsection--
                            (i) is exempt from compliance with 
                        subclauses (I), (II), and (III) of paragraph 
                        (2)(A)(i) and paragraph (2)(A)(ii)(I); and
                            (ii) is empowered to self-determine 
                        guidelines and standards pertaining to ensuring 
                        high-road labor standards, supporting United 
                        States manufacturing, and ensuring community 
                        and resident engagement.
                    (B) Submission by tribally designated housing 
                entities.--An application for a grant under subsection 
                (a) for an Indian tribe may be prepared and submitted 
                on behalf of the Indian tribe by the tribally 
                designated housing entity for the Indian tribe, if the 
                application contains a certification by the recognized 
                tribal government of the grant beneficiary that the 
                Indian tribe--
                            (i) has had an opportunity to review the 
                        application and has authorized the submission 
                        of the application by the tribally designated 
                        housing entity; or
                            (ii) has delegated to the tribally 
                        designated housing entity the authority to 
                        submit an application on behalf of the Indian 
                        tribe without prior review by the Indian tribe.
    (c) Selection of Grant Recipients.--
            (1) In general.--If an eligible entity submits to the 
        Secretary an application for a grant under subsection (a) that 
        complies with the requirements under subsection (b), the 
        Secretary shall award the funds to the eligible entity that are 
        required to complete the grant, as specified in the accounting 
        submitted under subsection (b)(2)(C).
            (2) Reapplication.--If the Secretary determines that an 
        application submitted by an eligible entity under this section 
        does not comply with the requirements under subsection (b)--
                    (A) the Secretary shall provide to the eligible 
                entity a summary of the requirements that the eligible 
                entity has failed to meet; and
                    (B) the eligible entity may reapply for the grant.
            (3) Expedited review.--The Secretary shall expedite the 
        review of applications submitted by eligible entities that own 
        or manage public housing in a congressional district--
                    (A) with an aggregate total of not less than 5,000 
                public housing residents;
                    (B) in which--
                            (i) not less than 40 percent of the 
                        residents are not less than 62 years old;
                            (ii) not less than 25 percent of the 
                        residents are disabled; or
                            (iii) not less than 5 percent of all heads 
                        of household are not more than 24 years old; or
                    (C) with an average household income of less than 
                $40,000.
    (d) Use of Grant Amounts for Capacity Building.--An eligible entity 
may use not more than 5 percent of grant funds received under this 
section for activities to expand the capacity of the eligible entity to 
carry out the grant activities, including--
            (1) hiring staff;
            (2) training residents for staff positions;
            (3) providing technical assistance;
            (4) community engagement; and
            (5) other necessary administrative activities.
    (e) Resident Protection.--Each eligible entity that is the 
recipient of a grant under subsection (a) shall--
            (1) comply with the requirements under part 24 of title 49, 
        Code of Federal Regulations, and provide relocation assistance 
        for any and all residents of public housing managed by the 
        eligible entity who may be displaced during construction, and 
        ensure that all temporarily displaced residents can return to 
        their homes once retrofitting is completed;
            (2) provide enhanced tenant protection vouchers under 
        section 8(t) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 
        U.S.C. 1437f(t)) to all displaced residents during the period 
        in which dwelling units are under construction; and
            (3) ensure that activities undertaken as part of the grant 
        do not result in a reduction of total public housing dwelling 
        units.
    (f) Consultation With Agencies.--The Secretary shall--
            (1) consult with the Secretary of Energy--
                    (A) in developing criteria and assessing 
                applications for grants described in paragraphs (1) 
                through (5) and paragraph (7) of subsection (a); and
                    (B) to identify and verify state-of-the-art 
                building materials and appliances, made in the United 
                States, that can be procured at scale for purposes of 
                this Act;
            (2) consult with the Secretary of the Treasury to track 
        alternative energy revenues that are returned to the Department 
        of the Treasury under subsection (a)(4)(C);
            (3) consult with the Administrator of the Environmental 
        Protection Agency--
                    (A) in developing criteria and assessing 
                applications for grants described in paragraphs (2) 
                through (5) and (7) of subsection (a); and
                    (B) regarding testing air quality and water quality 
                for purposes of grants described in subsection (a)(3);
            (4) consult with the Secretary of Education in developing 
        criteria and assessing applications for grants under subsection 
        (a)(1);
            (5) consult with the Secretary of Labor in developing 
        criteria and assessing applications for grants under subsection 
        (a)(1);
            (6) consult with the Administrator of the Small Business 
        Administration in developing criteria and assessing 
        applications for grants described in paragraphs (1) and (6) of 
        subsection (a);
            (7) consult with the Secretary of Health and Human 
        Services--
                    (A) in developing criteria and assessing 
                applications for grants described in subsection (a)(6); 
                and
                    (B) regarding health trends related to all 
                illnesses that disproportionately impact low-income 
                people;
            (8) consult with the Administrator of the Federal Emergency 
        Management Agency in developing criteria and assessing 
        applications for grants under subsection (a)(7);
            (9) consult with the Secretary of the Interior to develop 
        criteria and assess applications for grants under subsection 
        (a)(6); and
            (10) consult with any entity described in paragraphs (1) 
        through (9) for any other purpose as determined necessary by 
        the Secretary to carry out this section and the purposes of 
        this Act.
    (g) Reports.--The Secretary shall submit to Congress biannual 
reports on the impact that the grant programs established under 
subsection (a) have had on--
            (1) the rehabilitation, upgrades, innovation, and 
        transition of public housing in the United States;
            (2) total greenhouse gas emission output, and quarterly 
        data on greenhouse gas emission reductions from individual 
        public housing developments, specifically as they relate to--
                    (A) home energy carbon pollution emissions in each 
                public housing development, as calculated using the 
                Carbon Footprint Calculator from the Environmental 
                Protection Agency;
                    (B) waste-related carbon emissions in each public 
                housing development, as calculated using the Carbon 
                Footprint Calculator from the Environmental Protection 
                Agency; and
                    (C) total greenhouse gas emissions released by 
                individual public housing buildings and homes within a 
                public housing development, as calculated using the 
                Greenhouse Gas Equivalencies Calculator from the 
                Environmental Protection Agency;
            (3) the amount of Federal money saved due to energy cost 
        savings at public housing projects, on a quarterly basis;
            (4) the amount of energy savings per KwH at each public 
        housing project, on a quarterly basis;
            (5) public housing residents, including--
                    (A) access to economic opportunities through 
                compliance with the hiring and contracting requirements 
                described in subsections (c) and (d) of section 3 of 
                the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 (12 
                U.S.C. 1701u);
                    (B) the impacts, if any, those residents have 
                experienced to their individual economic growth as 
                measured by individual and household income;
                    (C) the specific career skills acquired;
                    (D) the impacts, if any, those residents have 
                experienced to their overall health; and
                    (E) the specific educational or technical 
                certifications acquired; and
            (6) changes to the overall community health indicators in 
        public housing developments and their surrounding 
        neighborhoods, including asthma rates, air quality, water 
        quality, and levels of lead and mold.
    (h) Eligibility for the Capital and Operating Funds.--The receipt 
of a grant under this section shall not affect the eligibility of a 
public housing agency or a public housing dwelling unit to receive 
assistance under subsection (d) or (e) of section 9 of the United 
States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437g).
    (i) Funding.--Out of funds in the Treasury not otherwise 
appropriated, there are appropriated to carry out this section such 
sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2020 through 2030.

SEC. 7. THE SECTION 3 PROGRAM FOR ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES.

    Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 (12 
U.S.C. 1701u) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``, operating 
                assistance provided pursuant to section 9 of that Act, 
                and modernization grants provided pursuant to section 
                14 of that Act'' and inserting ``(42 U.S.C. 1437c), 
                assistance from the Operating Fund under section 9(e) 
                of that Act (42 U.S.C. 1437g(e)), assistance from the 
                Capital Fund under section 9(d) of that Act (42 U.S.C. 
                1437g(d)), and assistance provided under a grant 
                awarded under section 6 of the Green New Deal for 
                Public Housing Act''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) Hiring requirement.--The Secretary shall 
                require that, of the employment positions generated by 
                development assistance provided pursuant to section 6 
                of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 
                1437c), assistance from the Operating Fund under 
                section 9(e) of that Act (42 U.S.C. 1437g(e)), 
                assistance from the Capital Fund under section 9(d) of 
                that Act (42 U.S.C. 1437g(d)), and assistance provided 
                under a grant awarded under section 6 of the Green New 
                Deal for Public Housing Act, public and Indian housing 
                agencies, and their contractors and subcontractors, 
                shall fill, to the greatest extent possible--
                            ``(i) not less than 40 percent of those 
                        positions generated during the 1-year period 
                        beginning 1 year after the initial receipt of 
                        grant funds awarded, with low- and very low-
                        income persons;
                            ``(ii) not less than 50 percent of those 
                        positions generated during the 1-year period 
                        beginning 2 years after the initial receipt of 
                        grant funds awarded, with low- and very low-
                        income persons; and
                            ``(iii) not less than 90 percent of those 
                        positions generated after the expiration of the 
                        period described in clause (ii) with low- and 
                        very low-income persons.'';
            (2) in subsection (d)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``, operating 
                assistance provided pursuant to section 9 of that Act, 
                and modernization grants provided pursuant to section 
                14 of that Act'' and inserting ``(42 U.S.C. 1437c), 
                assistance from the Operating Fund under section 9(e) 
                of that Act (42 U.S.C. 1437g(e)), assistance from the 
                Capital Fund under section 9(d) of that Act (42 U.S.C. 
                1437g(d)), and assistance provided under a grant 
                awarded under section 6 of the Green New Deal for 
                Public Housing Act''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) Contracting requirement.--The Secretary shall 
                require that, of the aggregate dollar amount of 
                contracts awarded for work to be performed in 
                connection with assistance from the Operating Fund 
                under section 9(e) of the United States Housing Act of 
                1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437g(e)), assistance from the Capital 
                Fund under section 9(d) of that Act (42 U.S.C. 
                1437g(d)), and assistance provided under a grant 
                awarded under section 6 of the Green New Deal for 
                Public Housing Act, public and Indian housing agencies, 
                and their contractors and subcontractors, shall, to the 
                greatest extent possible, certify that--
                            ``(i) not less than 20 percent of the 
                        aggregate dollar amount of such contracts 
                        awarded during the 1-year period beginning 1 
                        year after the initial receipt of grant funds 
                        awarded shall be awarded to public housing 
                        resident-owned businesses;
                            ``(ii) not less than 30 percent of the 
                        aggregate dollar amount of such contracts 
                        awarded during the 1-year period beginning 2 
                        years after the initial receipt of grant funds 
                        awarded shall be awarded to public housing 
                        resident-owned businesses; and
                            ``(iii) not less than 50 percent of the 
                        aggregate dollar amount of such contracts 
                        awarded after the expiration of the period 
                        described in clause (ii) shall be awarded to 
                        public housing resident-owned businesses.'';
            (3) in subsection (e), by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Public housing resident-owned business.--The term 
        `public housing resident-owned business' has the meaning given 
        the term in section 3 of the Green New Deal for Public Housing 
        Act.'';
            (4) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (i); and
            (5) by inserting after subsection (f) the following:
    ``(g) Measuring Economic Impact.--
            ``(1) Monitoring, measuring, and reporting requirements.--
        Before the start of the second fiscal year beginning after the 
        date of enactment of the Green New Deal for Public Housing Act, 
        and quarterly thereafter, the Secretary shall require each 
        public housing agency to monitor, measure, and report to the 
        Secretary on the economic impacts of this section on the 
        community in which housing developments of the public housing 
        agency are located, including--
                    ``(A) the aggregate dollar amount of contracts 
                awarded in compliance with this section;
                    ``(B) the aggregate dollar amount of wages and 
                salaries paid for positions employed by low- and very 
                low-income persons in accordance with this section;
                    ``(C) the aggregate dollar amount expended for 
                training opportunities provided to low- and very low-
                income persons in accordance with this section; and
                    ``(D) the aggregate dollar amount expended for 
                training and assisting public housing resident-owned 
                businesses for compliance with this section.
            ``(2) Termination of spears system.--The Secretary shall 
        terminate the Section 3 Performance Evaluation and Registration 
        System of the Department of Housing and Urban Development and 
        shall issue such notice and guidelines as may be necessary to 
        replace such system with the system for monitoring, measuring, 
        and reporting under this subsection.
    ``(h) Workforce Roster.--
            ``(1) Requirement.--The Secretary shall require each public 
        housing agency to establish and maintain a roster of the 
        residents and public housing resident-owned businesses of the 
        public housing agency in order to identify and spotlight 
        talented local laborers and facilitate compliance with this 
        section.
            ``(2) Information.--The roster maintained by a public 
        housing agency under paragraph (1) shall include information 
        that is updated not less frequently than every 30 days, 
        including--
                    ``(A) information for each public housing resident 
                choosing to have their information recorded that lists 
                their occupational skills, career goals, and any 
                workforce development programs they participate in; and
                    ``(B) information for each public housing resident-
                owned business that lists the field of business they 
                are in and the hiring opportunities they currently have 
                available.
            ``(3) Availability.--In order to facilitate compliance with 
        this subsection, the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) require each public housing agency to submit 
                to the Secretary the information maintained by the 
                public housing agency in the roster under this 
                subsection; and
                    ``(B) collect and make the data described in 
                subparagraph (A) available on the website of the 
                Department of Housing and Urban Development, upon 
                request, to contractors, subcontractors, resident 
                councils, resident management organizations, and 
                YouthBuild programs.''.

SEC. 8. FAMILY SELF-SUFFICIENCY PROGRAM.

    Section 23 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 
1437u), as amended by section 306 of the Economic Growth, Regulatory 
Relief, and Consumer Protection Act (Pub. L. 115-174; 132 Stat. 1339), 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(2), by adding at the end the 
        following:
                    ``(C) An Indian tribe or tribally designated 
                housing entity, as defined in section 4 of the Native 
                American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act 
                of 1996 (25 U.S.C. 4103).'';
            (2) in subsection (d)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (J), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraph (K) as 
                subparagraph (M); and
                    (C) by inserting after subparagraph (J) the 
                following:
                    ``(K) digital literacy;
                    ``(L) provision of a home health aide for elderly 
                and disabled members of participating families; and'';
            (3) in subsection (g)(2), by inserting after the first 
        sentence the following: ``The program coordinating committee 
        shall include representatives of any resident council and any 
        jurisdiction-wide resident council of the eligible entity.'';
            (4) in subsection (h)(3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (H), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraph (I) as 
                subparagraph (J); and
                    (C) by inserting after subparagraph (H) the 
                following:
                    ``(I) a description of how the local program will 
                ensure that opportunities provided through the local 
                program will maximize success in synchronizing the 
                program with, and complying with, the requirements 
                regarding employment and contracting under section 3 of 
                the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 (12 
                U.S.C. 1701(u)).''; and
            (5) in subsection (i)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``, but not 
                more than 35 participants,'' before ``is eligible'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) by striking ``75'' and inserting 
                        ``36''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``50'' and inserting 
                        ``35'';
                    (C) by redesignating subparagraphs (C), (D), and 
                (E) as subparagraphs (F), (G), and (H), respectively; 
                and
                    (D) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the 
                following:
                    ``(C) Additional award for public housing green new 
                deal applicants.--An eligible entity that is approved 
                for a grant under section 6 of the Green New Deal for 
                Public Housing Act shall be eligible to receive an 
                additional award under this subparagraph to cover costs 
                of filling an additional family self-sufficiency 
                coordinator position, or additional such positions, 
                responsible for--
                            ``(i) coordinating participation in a local 
                        program under this section for participants 
                        seeking employment opportunities made available 
                        by the grant; and
                            ``(ii) compliance by the eligible entity 
                        with section 3 of the Housing and Urban 
                        Development Act of 1968 (12 U.S.C. 1701u).
                    ``(D) Additional award for synchronization with 
                section 3 requirements.--An eligible entity that meets 
                such criteria as the Secretary shall establish 
                regarding successful synchronization and compliance of 
                a local program under this section with the 
                requirements regarding employment and contracting under 
                section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 
                1968 (12 U.S.C. 1701u) shall be eligible to receive an 
                additional award under this subparagraph to cover costs 
                relating to a family self-sufficiency coordinator 
                position responsible for such synchronization and 
                compliance.
                    ``(E) Awards to assist eligible entities to 
                establish family self-sufficiency programs.--An 
                eligible entity that is not administering a local 
                program under this section and that meets such 
                standards as the Secretary shall establish shall be 
                eligible to receive an award under this subparagraph to 
                cover costs relating to a family self-sufficiency 
                coordinator position responsible for assisting in 
                preparing and submitting an application to establish 
                such a local program.''.

SEC. 9. RESIDENT COUNCILS.

    Section 2 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437) 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Resident Councils.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each public housing project with not 
        less than 50 dwelling units shall form a resident council to--
                    ``(A) improve residents' quality of life and 
                resident satisfaction; and
                    ``(B) establish self-help initiatives to enable 
                residents to create a positive living environment for 
                families living in public housing.
            ``(2) Participation.--Each resident council formed under 
        this subsection may actively participate through working 
        partnerships with a public housing agency to advise and assist 
        in all aspects of public housing operations.
            ``(3) Requirements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A resident council shall consist 
                of individuals residing in public housing and shall 
                meet the requirements described in this paragraph in 
                order to--
                            ``(i) receive official recognition from the 
                        public housing agency and the Secretary;
                            ``(ii) be eligible to receive funds for 
                        resident council activities; and
                            ``(iii) be eligible to receive stipends for 
                        officers for their related costs in connection 
                        with volunteer work in public housing.
                    ``(B) Residents represented.--A resident council 
                may represent residents residing in--
                            ``(i) scattered site buildings;
                            ``(ii) areas of contiguous row houses;
                            ``(iii) 1 or more contiguous buildings;
                            ``(iv) a development; or
                            ``(v) any combination of clauses (i) 
                        through (iv).
                    ``(C) Elections.--
                            ``(i) Written procedures.--A resident 
                        council shall adopt written procedures, such as 
                        by-laws or a constitution, which shall--
                                    ``(I) provide for a democratically 
                                elected governing board that--
                                            ``(aa) consists of not less 
                                        than 5 members; and
                                            ``(bb) is elected--

                                                    ``(AA) by the 
                                                voting membership of 
                                                the residents of the 
                                                public housing; and

                                                    ``(BB) in elections 
                                                that occur on a regular 
                                                basis not less 
                                                frequently than every 2 
                                                years; and

                                    ``(II) provide for the recall of 
                                the resident council by the voting 
                                membership through a petition or other 
                                expression of the desire of the voting 
                                membership for a recall election and 
                                set the threshold percentage of voting 
                                membership who are required to be in 
                                agreement in order to hold a recall 
                                election, which percentage shall be not 
                                less than 10 percent of the voting 
                                membership.
                            ``(ii) Voting membership.--The voting 
                        membership of a resident council shall consist 
                        of heads of households of the public housing 
                        dwelling units of any age and other residents 
                        not less than 16 years of age.
            ``(4) Stipends.--Public housing agencies may provide 
        stipends to resident council officers who serve as volunteers 
        in their public housing developments, which shall--
                    ``(A) not exceed $1,000 per month per officer; and
                    ``(B) be decided locally by the resident council 
                and the public housing agency.
            ``(5) Applicability of 2-year election cycle.--The 
        requirement under paragraph (3)(C)(i)(I)(bb)(BB) shall apply on 
        and after January 1, 2022.''.

SEC. 10. REPEAL OF FAIRCLOTH AMENDMENT.

    Section 9(g) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 
1437g(g)) is amended by striking paragraph (3).
                                 <all>