Text: H.R.5191 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (11/20/2019)

 
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[H.R. 5191 Introduced in House (IH)]

<DOC>






116th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 5191

   To reauthorize the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act, and for other 
                               purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                           November 20, 2019

   Mr. Yarmuth (for himself, Mr. Bacon, Mrs. Hayes, and Ms. Jayapal) 
 introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on 
                          Education and Labor

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
   To reauthorize the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act, and for other 
                               purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Runaway and Homeless Youth and 
Trafficking Prevention Act of 2019''.

SEC. 2. REFERENCES.

    Except as otherwise specifically provided, whenever in this Act an 
amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment to, or repeal 
of, a provision, the amendment or repeal shall be considered to be made 
to a provision of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (34 U.S.C. 11201 
et seq.).

SEC. 3. FINDINGS.

    Section 302 (34 U.S.C. 11201) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``share of, serious 
        health, behavioral, and emotional problems'' and inserting 
        ``share of, trauma, serious health, behavioral, social, and 
        emotional problems, and substance use disorder,'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``socially, age, gender, 
        developmentally, culturally and'' before ``linguistically 
        appropriate'';
            (3) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (6), as 
        paragraphs (4) through (7), respectively;
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
            ``(3) research has documented that youth experience 
        homelessness as fluid, such that many youth experience 2 to 3 
        different types of homelessness, including couch surfing, 
        emergency shelters, and staying on the streets;'';
            (5) in paragraph (4)(C), as redesignated by paragraph (3), 
        by striking ``social contribution'' and inserting ``self-
        advocacy'';
            (6) in paragraph (4)(E), as redesignated by paragraph (3), 
        by inserting ``and peer'' before ``relationships'';
            (7) in paragraph (5), as redesignated by paragraph (3), by 
        striking ``outside the welfare system and the law enforcement 
        system'' and inserting ``, in collaboration with public 
        assistance systems, the law enforcement system, and the child 
        welfare system'';
            (8) in paragraph (6), as redesignated by paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by inserting ``a safe place to live, connection 
                to caring adults, and'' after ``youth need''; and
                    (B) by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (9) in paragraph (7), as redesignated by paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by striking ``between the Federal programs that 
                serve runaway and homeless youth are'' and inserting 
                ``at the Federal level''; and
                    (B) by striking the period at the end and inserting 
                ``; and''; and
            (10) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(8) runaway and homeless youth are at a high risk of 
        substance use disorder and becoming victims of sexual abuse, 
        sexual exploitation, trafficking in persons, and sex 
        trafficking;
            ``(9) research has shown that--
                    ``(A) the prevalence of homelessness among youth 
                and young adults is similar in rural and urban 
                communities; and
                    ``(B) runaway and homeless youth programs, such as 
                those funded under this Act, are integral services that 
                every community, regardless of size, should provide; 
                and
            ``(10) runaway and homeless youth programs provide expert 
        adolescent services and are integral community partners for the 
        child welfare and juvenile justice systems.''.

SEC. 4. BASIC CENTER GRANT PROGRAM.

    (a) Grants for Centers and Services.--Section 311(a) (34 U.S.C. 
11211(a)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting 
                ``Every 2 or 3 years, the Secretary'';
                    (B) by striking ``and operate'' and inserting ``, 
                operate, and maintain'';
                    (C) by striking ``services'' and all that follows 
                through the period at the end and inserting ``safe 
                shelter and services, including trauma-informed 
                services, for runaway and homeless youth and, if 
                appropriate, services for the families of such youth, 
                including (if appropriate) individuals identified by 
                such youth as family.''; and
                    (D) by inserting ``Grants shall be awarded for a 5-
                year period.'' after ``by such youth as family.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the 
                following:
                    ``(A) shall be provided to runaway youth, street 
                youth, homeless youth, and youth at risk of separation 
                from his or her family or at risk of becoming 
                homeless;'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) in clause (i), by striking ``21 days; 
                        and'' and inserting ``30 days or the maximum 
                        allowed by the State, whichever is greater;'';
                            (ii) by striking clause (ii) and inserting 
                        the following:
                            ``(ii) age, gender, developmentally, and 
                        culturally and linguistically appropriate 
                        individual, family, and group counseling, as 
                        appropriate (including, if appropriate, 
                        counseling for individuals identified by such 
                        youth as family); and''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(iii) suicide prevention services; and''; 
                        and
                    (C) in subparagraph (C)--
                            (i) in clause (ii), by inserting ``age, 
                        gender, developmentally, and culturally and 
                        linguistically appropriate, to the extent 
                        practicable,'' before ``home-based services'';
                            (ii) in clause (iii), by striking ``and'' 
                        after the semicolon;
                            (iii) in clause (iv), by striking 
                        ``diseases.'' and inserting ``infections;''; 
                        and
                            (iv) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(v) trauma-informed and gender-responsive 
                        services for runaway or homeless youth, 
                        including such youth who are victims of sexual 
                        abuse, sexual exploitation, trafficking in 
                        persons, or sex trafficking; and
                            ``(vi) if safe and appropriate, supports 
                        for youth and their parents, legal guardians, 
                        or (if appropriate) those identified by such 
                        youth as family, including--
                                    ``(I) an assessment of family 
                                engagement to improve support for youth 
                                (and if appropriate) reunify youth;
                                    ``(II) strength-based 
                                interventions; and
                                    ``(III) ongoing supportive 
                                services.''.
    (b) Eligibility; Plan Requirements.--Section 312 (34 U.S.C. 11212) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``, to youth who are at 
        risk of separation from the family,'' after ``guardians'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``facility'' and 
                inserting ``project'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(A)--
                            (i) by striking ``facility'' and inserting 
                        ``project''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``requires'' and inserting 
                        ``allows'';
                    (C) in paragraph (5), by inserting ``, or (if 
                appropriate) individuals identified by such youth as 
                family,'' after ``parents or legal guardians'';
                    (D) in paragraph (6)--
                            (i) by inserting ``(which may include the 
                        use of online resources in order to reach and 
                        engage youth)'' after ``programs''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``cultural minority and 
                        persons with limited ability to speak English'' 
                        and inserting ``cultural minority, persons with 
                        limited ability to speak English, and runaway 
                        or homeless youth who are victims of sexual 
                        abuse, sexual exploitation, trafficking in 
                        persons, or sex trafficking'';
                    (E) by striking paragraph (7) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(7) shall keep adequate statistical records profiling the 
        youth and family members of such youth whom the applicant 
        serves, including demographic information on and the number of 
        such youth who--
                    ``(A) are not referred to out-of-home shelter 
                services;
                    ``(B) are members of vulnerable or underserved 
                populations;
                    ``(C) are victims of sexual abuse, sexual 
                exploitation, trafficking in persons, or sex 
                trafficking;
                    ``(D) are pregnant or parenting;
                    ``(E) have been involved in the child welfare 
                system; and
                    ``(F) have been involved in the juvenile justice 
                system;'';
                    (F) by striking paragraph (8) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(8) shall ensure that--
                    ``(A) the records described in paragraph (7), on an 
                individual runaway or homeless youth, shall not be 
                disclosed without the consent of the individual youth 
                and of the parent or legal guardian of such youth or 
                (if appropriate) an individual identified by such youth 
                as family, to anyone other than another agency 
                compiling statistical records or a government agency 
                involved in the disposition of criminal charges against 
                an individual runaway or homeless youth; and
                    ``(B) reports or other documents based on the 
                statistics described in paragraph (7) shall not 
                disclose the identity of any individual runaway or 
                homeless youth;'';
                    (G) in paragraph (12)--
                            (i) by striking subparagraph (B) and 
                        inserting the following:
                    ``(B) detailed information on how the center has 
                been able to meet the goals of its plans; and''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C)--
                                    (I) by striking clause (i) and 
                                inserting the following:
                            ``(i) the number and characteristics of 
                        runaway and homeless youth, and youth at risk 
                        of family separation, who participate in the 
                        project, including such information on--
                                    ``(I) such youth (including runaway 
                                and homeless youth, and youth at risk 
                                of family separation) who are victims 
                                of sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, 
                                trafficking in persons, or sex 
                                trafficking;
                                    ``(II) such youth who are pregnant 
                                or parenting;
                                    ``(III) such youth who have been 
                                involved in the child welfare system; 
                                and
                                    ``(IV) such youth who have been 
                                involved in the juvenile justice 
                                system; and''; and
                                    (II) in clause (ii), by striking 
                                ``and'' after the semicolon;
                    (H) in paragraph (13) by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``for natural disasters, inclement 
                weather, and mental health emergencies;''; and
                    (I) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(14) shall provide age, gender, developmentally, and 
        culturally and linguistically appropriate, to the extent 
        practicable, services to runaway and homeless youth; and
            ``(15) shall inform youth of their status as independent 
        students under section 480 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
        (20 U.S.C. 1087vv), provide verification of such status for the 
        purposes of the Free Application for Federal Student Aid 
        described in section 483 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
        (20 U.S.C. 1090), and assist youth in completing this 
        application at the youth's request.'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by inserting ``age, gender, 
                        developmentally, and culturally and 
                        linguistically appropriate, to the extent 
                        practicable,'' after ``provide'';
                            (ii) by striking ``families (including 
                        unrelated individuals in the family households) 
                        of such youth'' and inserting ``families of 
                        such youth (including unrelated individuals in 
                        the family households of such youth and, if 
                        appropriate, individuals identified by such 
                        youth as family)''; and
                            (iii) by inserting ``suicide prevention,'' 
                        after ``physical health care,'';
                    (B) in paragraph (4)--
                            (i) by inserting ``, including training on 
                        trauma-informed and youth-centered care'' after 
                        ``home-based services''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``and'' after the 
                        semicolon; and
                    (C) in paragraph (5)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``and'' after the semicolon;
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) youth are eligible for home-based services 
                when determined by the applicant to be at risk of 
                separation from the family; and''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Online Resources for Outreach.--An applicant may develop a 
plan, consistent with local needs, for the use of online resources, if 
appropriate, in order to reach and engage youth.''.
    (c) Approval of Applications.--Section 313(b) (34 U.S.C. 11213(b)) 
is amended by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
            ``(2) eligible applicants that request grants--
                    ``(A) of less than $225,000, if this title is 
                funded at less than $200,000,000 for the relevant 
                fiscal year; and
                    ``(B) of less than $250,000, if this title is 
                funded at $200,000,000 or more for the relevant fiscal 
                year.''.

SEC. 5. TRANSITIONAL LIVING GRANT PROGRAM.

    (a) Authority for Program.--Section 321 (34 U.S.C. 11221) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``The Secretary is authorized to make 
        grants and to provide technical assistance'' and inserting 
        ``The Secretary shall award grants every 2 or 3 years, and 
        shall provide technical assistance''; and
            (2) by inserting ``Grants shall be awarded for a 5-year 
        period.'' after ``homeless youth.''.
    (b) Eligibility.--Section 322 (34 U.S.C. 11222) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by inserting ``age, gender, 
                        developmentally, and culturally and 
                        linguistically appropriate, to the extent 
                        practicable,'' before ``information and 
                        counseling services''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``job attainment skills, 
                        and mental and physical health care'' and 
                        inserting ``job attainment skills, mental and 
                        physical health care, and suicide prevention 
                        services'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``18'' and inserting 
                        ``21''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``18th'' and inserting 
                        ``21st'';
                    (C) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (8) and 
                (9) through (16) as paragraphs (5) through (10) and 
                (12) through (19), respectively;
                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
            ``(3) to provide counseling to homeless youth and to 
        encourage, if appropriate, the involvement in such counseling 
        of their parents or legal guardians, or (if appropriate) 
        individuals identified by such youth as family;
            ``(4) to provide aftercare services, if possible, to 
        homeless youth who have received shelter and services from a 
        transitional living youth project, including (to the extent 
        practicable) such youth who, after receiving such shelter and 
        services, relocate to a geographic area or State other than the 
        geographic area or State in which such project is located;'';
                    (E) in paragraph (5), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (C), by striking ``shelter facility'' and 
                inserting ``project'';
                    (F) in paragraph (6), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (C), by striking ``shelter facility used 
                to carry out such project'' and inserting ``project'';
                    (G) in paragraph (8), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``to provide a written transitional living 
                plan to each youth'' and inserting ``to develop a 
                written transitional living plan in partnership with 
                each youth'';
                    (H) in paragraph (9), as so redesignated--
                            (i) by inserting ``age, gender, 
                        developmentally, and culturally and 
                        linguistically appropriate, to the extent 
                        practicable,'' after ``referral of homeless 
                        youth to'';
                            (ii) by striking ``vocational, training'' 
                        and inserting ``career and technical 
                        education'';
                            (iii) by striking ``and health care 
                        programs'' and inserting ``mental health 
                        service and health care programs, substance use 
                        disorder treatment, and programs providing 
                        wrap-around services to victims of sexual 
                        abuse, sexual exploitation, trafficking in 
                        persons, or sex trafficking''; and
                            (iv) by striking ``such services for 
                        youths;'' and inserting ``such programs 
                        described in this paragraph;'';
                    (I) in paragraph (10), as so redesignated, by 
                inserting ``, which may include the use of online and 
                social media engagements, as appropriate'' before the 
                semicolon;
                    (J) by inserting after paragraph (10), as so 
                redesignated, the following:
            ``(11) to develop a plan to provide age, gender, 
        developmentally, and culturally and linguistically appropriate 
        services, to the extent practicable, that address the needs of 
        homeless and street youth;'';
                    (K) in paragraph (12), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``the applicant and statistical'' and all that 
                follows through ``who participate in such project,'' 
                and inserting ``the applicant, statistical summaries 
                describing the number, the characteristics, and the 
                demographic information of the homeless youth who 
                participate in such project, including the prevalence 
                of sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, trafficking in 
                persons, and sex trafficking of such youth,'';
                    (L) in paragraph (18), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``and'' after the semicolon;
                    (M) in paragraph (19), as so redesignated, by 
                striking the period at the end and inserting 
                ``regarding responses to natural disasters, inclement 
                weather, and mental health emergencies; and''; and
                    (N) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(20) to inform youth of their status as independent 
        students under section 480 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
        (20 U.S.C. 1087vv), provide verification of such status for the 
        purposes of the Free Application for Federal Student Aid 
        described in section 483 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
        (20 U.S.C. 1090), and assist the youth in completing this 
        application at the youth's request.''; and
            (2) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
    ``(b) Priority; Equitable Geographic Distribution.--In selecting 
eligible applicants to receive grants under this part, the Secretary 
shall--
            ``(1) give priority to--
                    ``(A) entities that have experience in providing to 
                homeless youth shelter and services of the types 
                described in subsection (a)(1); and
                    ``(B) entities that request grants--
                            ``(i) of less than $225,000, if this title 
                        is funded at less than $200,000,000 for the 
                        relevant fiscal year; and
                            ``(ii) of less than $250,000, if this title 
                        is funded at $200,000,000 or more for the 
                        relevant fiscal year; and
            ``(2) consider providing an equitable geographic 
        distribution of grants.''.

SEC. 6. NATIONAL COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM.

    Section 331 (34 U.S.C. 11231) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``5-year'' before ``grants''; and
            (2) by inserting ``, online, and social media'' after 
        ``telephone''.

SEC. 7. COORDINATING, TRAINING, RESEARCH, AND OTHER ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Coordination.--Section 341 (34 U.S.C. 11241) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
        ``safety, well-being,'' after ``health,''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``other Federal 
        entities'' and inserting ``the Department of Housing and Urban 
        Development, the Department of Education, the Department of 
        Labor, and the Department of Justice''.
    (b) Grants for Technical Assistance and Training.--Section 342 (34 
U.S.C. 11242) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``5-year'' before ``grants to'';
            (2) by inserting ``, including onsite and web-based 
        techniques, such as on-demand and online learning,'' before 
        ``to public and private entities''; and
            (3) by striking ``carrying out'' and inserting 
        ``implementing in a trauma-informed manner''.
    (c) Grants for Research, Evaluation, Demonstration, and Service 
Projects.--Section 343(b) (34 U.S.C. 11243(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (5)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by striking ``sexual abuse and 
                        assault'' and inserting ``violence, trauma, 
                        sexual abuse, sexual exploitation''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``and sex trafficking'' 
                        and inserting ``or sex trafficking'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) by striking ``and assault'' and 
                        inserting ``sexual exploitation,''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``and'' after the 
                        semicolon;
                    (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``who have 
                been sexually victimized'' and inserting ``who are 
                victims of sexual abuse or sexual exploitation''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) best practices for identifying and providing 
                age, gender, developmentally, and culturally and 
                linguistically appropriate services to the extent 
                practicable to--
                            ``(i) vulnerable and underserved youth 
                        populations; and
                            ``(ii) youth who are victims of sexual 
                        abuse, sexual exploitation, trafficking in 
                        persons, or sex trafficking; and
                    ``(E) informing youth of their status as 
                independent students under section 480 of the Higher 
                Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1087vv), providing 
                verification of such status for the purposes of the 
                Free Application for Federal Student Aid described in 
                section 483 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
                U.S.C. 1090), and assisting youth in completing this 
                application at the youth's request;'';
            (2) in paragraph (9), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (3) in paragraph (10), by striking the period and inserting 
        a semicolon; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(11) examining the intersection between the runaway and 
        homeless youth populations and trafficking in persons, 
        including noting whether such youth who are victims of 
        trafficking in persons or sex trafficking were previously 
        involved in the child welfare or juvenile justice systems; and
            ``(12) the needs of runaway youth and homeless youth with 
        disabilities, including projects that examine best practices 
        for serving these youth.''.
    (d) Demonstration Projects To Provide Services to Youth in Rural 
Areas.--Section 344(a)(2)(A) (34 U.S.C. 11244(a)(2)(A)) is amended by 
striking ``$100,000'' and inserting ``$200,000''.
    (e) Periodic Estimate of Incidence and Prevalence of Youth 
Homelessness.--Section 345 (34 U.S.C. 11245) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by inserting ``and the Runaway and 
                        Homeless Youth and Trafficking Prevention Act 
                        of 2019,'' after ``2008,'';
                            (ii) by striking ``5'' and inserting ``3''; 
                        and
                            (iii) by inserting ``of Health and Human 
                        Services, acting through the Associate 
                        Commissioner of the Family and Youth Services 
                        Bureau'' after ``Secretary'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``13'' and inserting 
                        ``12''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``and'' after the 
                        semicolon;
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting a semicolon; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) that includes demographic information about and 
        characteristics of runaway or homeless youth, including such 
        youth who are victims of sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, 
        trafficking in persons, or sex trafficking; and
            ``(4) that does not disclose the identity of any runaway or 
        homeless youth.''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``13'' and inserting ``12'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (C) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as 
                subparagraph (C);
                    (D) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
                following:
                    ``(B) incidences, if any, of--
                            ``(i) such individuals who are victims of 
                        sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, trafficking 
                        in persons; or
                            ``(ii) such individuals who are victims of 
                        sex trafficking; and''; and
                    (E) in subparagraph (C), as so redesignated--
                            (i) in clause (ii), by striking ``; and'' 
                        and inserting ``, including mental health 
                        services;''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(iv) access to education (including 
                        postsecondary education and career and 
                        technical education); and''.

SEC. 8. SEXUAL ABUSE PREVENTION PROGRAM.

    Section 351 (34 U.S.C. 11261) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting 
                ``Every 2 or 3 years, the Secretary'';
                    (B) by inserting ``public and'' before 
                ``nonprofit''; and
                    (C) by striking ``prostitution,'' and inserting 
                ``violence,'';
            (2) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
    ``(b) Priority; Equitable Geographic Distribution.--In selecting 
applicants to receive grants under subsection (a), the Secretary 
shall--
            ``(1) give priority to--
                    ``(A) public and nonprofit private agencies that 
                have experience in providing services to runaway and 
                homeless, and street youth; and
                    ``(B) eligible applicants that request grants--
                            ``(i) of less than $225,000, if this title 
                        is funded at less than $200,000,000 for the 
                        relevant fiscal year; and
                            ``(ii) of less than $250,000, if this title 
                        is funded at $200,000,000 or more for the 
                        relevant fiscal year; and
            ``(2) consider providing an equitable geographic 
        distribution of grants.''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Eligibility Requirements.--To be eligible to receive a grant 
under subsection (a), an applicant shall certify to the Secretary that 
such applicant has systems in place to ensure that such applicant can 
provide age, gender, developmentally, and culturally and linguistically 
appropriate, to the extent practicable, services to all youth described 
in subsection (a).
    ``(d) Duration.--Grants awarded under this section shall be for a 
period of 5 years.''.

SEC. 9. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

    (a) Lease of Surplus Federal Facilities for Use Runaway and 
Homeless Youth Centers or as Transitional Living Youth Shelter 
Projects.--Section 381 (34 U.S.C. 11272) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading--
                    (A) by inserting ``, sites,'' after ``centers''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking ``shelter facilities'' and 
                inserting ``shelter projects''; and
            (2) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``facilities'' and inserting ``projects''.
    (b) Reports.--Section 382(a) (34 U.S.C. 11273(a)) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``2000'' and inserting ``2021''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking ``the Workforce'' and inserting 
                ``Labor'';
            (2) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) through (D) 
                as subparagraphs (C) through (E), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
                following:
                    ``(B) collecting data on sexual abuse, sexual 
                exploitation, trafficking in persons, and sex 
                trafficking of runaway and homeless youth;''; and
            (3) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the 
                following:
                    ``(A) the number and characteristics of homeless 
                youth served by such projects, including--
                            ``(i) such youth who are victims of sexual 
                        abuse, sexual exploitation, trafficking in 
                        persons, and sex trafficking;
                            ``(ii) such youth who are pregnant or 
                        parenting;
                            ``(iii) such youth who have been involved 
                        in the child welfare system; and
                            ``(iv) such youth who have been involved in 
                        the juvenile justice system;''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``intrafamily 
                problems'' and inserting ``problems within the family, 
                including (if appropriate) individuals identified by 
                such youth as family,''.
    (c) Federal Share.--Section 383(a) (34 U.S.C. 11274(a)) is amended 
by striking ``facility's budget'' and inserting ``project's budget''.
    (d) Evaluation and Information.--Section 386(a) (34 U.S.C. 
11277(a)) is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
            (1) by striking ``3'' and inserting ``5'' each place the 
        term appears; and
            (2) by inserting ``, acting through the Associate 
        Commissioner of the Family and Youth Services Bureau,'' after 
        ``Secretary''.
    (e) Performance Standards.--Section 386A(a) (34 U.S.C. 11278(a)) is 
amended by inserting ``and the date of enactment of the Runaway and 
Homeless Youth and Trafficking Prevention Act of 2019'' after ``2008''.
    (f) Nondiscrimination.--Part F is amended by inserting after 
section 386A (34 U.S.C. 11278) the following:

``SEC. 386B. NONDISCRIMINATION.

    ``(a) In General.--No person in the United States shall, on the 
basis of actual or perceived race, color, religion, national origin, 
sex, gender identity (as defined in section 249(c)(4) of title 18, 
United States Code), sexual orientation, or disability, be excluded 
from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or subjected to 
discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal 
financial assistance under title III of the Juvenile Justice and 
Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974.
    ``(b) Exception.--If programming that is segregated by or specific 
to sex is necessary to the essential operation of a program, nothing in 
this section shall be construed to prevent the entity carrying out any 
such program or activity from consideration of an individual's sex. In 
such a circumstance, the entity may meet the requirements of this 
section by providing comparable services to individuals who cannot be 
provided with the sex-segregated or sex-specific programming.
    ``(c) Disqualification.--The authority provided for the Secretary 
to enforce this section shall be the same as the authority provided for 
the Secretary to enforce subsection (a) or (b) of section 654 of the 
Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9849). The procedures provided for review of 
an action to enforce this section shall be the same as the procedures 
provided for review of an action to enforce subsection (b) of that 
section.
    ``(d) Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be construed, 
interpreted, or applied to supplant, displace, preempt, or otherwise 
limit the responsibilities and liabilities under other Federal or State 
laws with respect to discrimination on a basis described in subsection 
(a).''.
    (g) Definitions.--Section 387 (34 U.S.C. 11279) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (6), and 
        paragraphs (7) and (8), as paragraphs (2) through (7), and 
        paragraphs (9) and (10), respectively;
            (2) by inserting before paragraph (2), the following:
            ``(1) Culturally and linguistically appropriate.--The term 
        `culturally and linguistically appropriate', with respect to 
        services, has the meaning given the term `culturally and 
        linguistically appropriate services' in the `National Standards 
        for Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Services in 
        Health and Health Care', issued in April 2013, by the Office of 
        Minority Health of the Department of Health and Human 
        Services.'';
            (3) in paragraph (4)(A) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in clause (i), by striking ``21'' and inserting 
                ``26''; and
                    (B) in clause (ii), by striking ``and either'' and 
                all that follows through the end of the clause and 
                inserting ``but less than 26 years of age;'';
            (4) in paragraph (6)(B)(as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in clause (i), by striking the semicolon and 
                inserting ``, including the use of online methods of 
                engagement, as appropriate, based on the needs of the 
                community and population served;''; and
                    (B) in clause (v), by striking subclauses (I) 
                through (IV) and inserting the following:
                                    ``(I) alcohol and substance use 
                                disorder;
                                    ``(II) sexual abuse, sexual 
                                exploitation, trafficking in persons, 
                                and sex trafficking;
                                    ``(III) sexually transmitted 
                                infections, including human 
                                immunodeficiency virus (HIV);
                                    ``(IV) physical and sexual assault; 
                                and
                                    ``(V) suicide.'';
            (5) in paragraph (7)(B) (as so redesignated), by striking 
        ``prostitution or drug abuse.'' and inserting ``trafficking in 
        persons, sex trafficking, or substance use disorder'';
            (6) by inserting after paragraph (7) (as so redesignated), 
        the following:
            ``(8) Trafficking in persons.--The term `trafficking in 
        persons' has the meaning given the term `severe forms of 
        trafficking in persons' in section 103 of the Trafficking 
        Victims Protection Act of 2019 (22 U.S.C. 7102).'';
            (7) in paragraph (9) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) by inserting ``to homeless youth'' after 
                ``provides''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``, to establish a stable family 
                or community supports,'' after ``self-sufficient 
                living''; and
            (8) in paragraph (10)(B) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in clause (ii)--
                            (i) by inserting ``or able'' after 
                        ``willing''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``or'' at the end;
                    (B) in clause (iii), by striking the period and 
                inserting ``; or''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(iv) who is involved in the child welfare 
                        or juvenile justice system, but is not living 
                        in housing or shelter funded by the Federal 
                        Government''.
    (h) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 388(a) (34 U.S.C. 
11280(a)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``$127,421,000 for each 
        of fiscal years 2019 through 2020'' and inserting 
        ``$225,000,000 for fiscal year 2021, and such sums as may be 
        necessary for each of fiscal years 2022 through 2025'';
            (2) in paragraph (3)(B), by striking ``such sums as may be 
        necessary'' and all that follows through the period at the end 
        and inserting ``$2,000,000 shall be made available to carry out 
        section 345 for fiscal year 2021 and such sums as may be 
        necessary shall be made available to carry out such section for 
        each of fiscal years 2022 through 2025''; and
            (3) in paragraph (4), by striking ``$25,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2019 through 2020'' and inserting ``$75,000,000 
        for fiscal year 2021, and such sums as may be necessary for 
        each of fiscal years 2022 through 2025''.
                                 <all>