Summary: H.R.5332 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

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Passed House (06/29/2020)

Protecting Your Credit Score Act of 2020

This bill revises provisions related to consumer credit reports and credit reporting agencies.

(Sec. 2) Credit reporting agencies are directed to create a central online portal that allows consumers to (1) access free credit reports and credit scores, (2) dispute errors, and (3) place or lift security freezes.

(Sec. 3) Credit reporting agencies must verify specified identifying information when adding credit information to a consumer's file. Credit reporting agencies must also perform periodic audits of credit reports to ensure accuracy.

(Sec. 4) A credit reporting ombudsperson, whose responsibilities include resolving persistent errors by credit reporting agencies, is established at the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB).

Credit reporting agencies must provide a consumer with additional information after an agency's reinvestigation of disputed credit information.

(Sec. 5) A court may award injunctive relief to compel a credit reporting agency to comply with credit report protections.

(Sec. 6) Consumers will receive a free credit score upon request and upon certain adverse credit decisions.

Credit reporting agencies must provide available information to consumers regarding the purpose behind the procurement of a credit report.

(Sec. 7) The bill establishes a public registry for credit reporting agencies.

(Sec. 8) The bill also provides the CFPB with statutory authority for supervising credit reporting agencies.

(Sec. 9) The bill gives the CFPB the authority to establish data security requirements for credit reporting agencies.

(Sec. 10) The CFPB must report on the effectiveness of specified audits in addressing data security risks at credit reporting agencies.

(Sec. 11) The Government Accountability Office must report on the feasibility of credit reporting agencies replacing Social Security numbers as identifiers with another type of federal identification.