Text: H.R.5583 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (01/10/2020)


116th CONGRESS
2d Session
H. R. 5583


To amend the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act to provide for better protections for children raised in kinship families outside of the foster care system.


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

January 10, 2020

Ms. Scanlon (for herself and Mr. Thompson of Pennsylvania) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and Labor


A BILL

To amend the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act to provide for better protections for children raised in kinship families outside of the foster care system.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Help Grandfamilies Prevent Child Abuse Act”.

SEC. 2. Findings.

Congress finds as follows:

(1) More than 2,600,000 children are being raised in kinship families by relatives or close family friends without their parents in the home, and the vast majority of such children are raised outside of the foster care system.

(2) The majority of kinship caregivers are grandparents, and such families are commonly referred to as “grandfamilies”.

(3) For every child in foster care living with relatives, there are 19 being raised by relatives outside of the foster care system.

(4) More than one-third of all children placed in foster care because of parental drug or alcohol use are placed with relatives.

(5) Children who have been exposed to substance misuse in the home may also experience abuse and neglect, and research indicates that children in family foster care because of substance use are more likely to be placed with relatives than with nonrelatives.

SEC. 3. Amendments to CAPTA.

(a) Advisory board on child abuse and neglect.—Section 102(c) of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5102(c)) is amended—

(1) in paragraph (13), by striking “; and” and inserting a semicolon;

(2) in paragraph (14), by striking the period and inserting a semicolon; and

(3) by adding at the end the following:

“(15) organizations providing services to kinship families; and

“(16) birth parents, kinship caregivers, and foster care alumni.”.

(b) National clearinghouse for information relating to child abuse.—Section 103(b) of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5104(b)) is amended—

(1) in paragraph (8)(B), by striking “; and” and inserting a semicolon;

(2) in paragraph (9), by striking the period and inserting “; and”; and

(3) by adding at the end the following:

“(10) maintain and disseminate information about best practices used to support children being raised in kinship families within, or outside of, the child welfare system.”.

(c) Grants to States, Indian Tribes or Tribal organizations, and public or private agencies and organizations.—Section 105(a)(4) of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5106(a)(4)) is amended by adding at the end the following: “Such procedures used by recipients of a grant pursuant to this paragraph shall reflect equity for children placed with kin, recognize their unique circumstance, and include plans for prioritizing placement with kin as the first placement, identifying and engaging kin as supports for children throughout the child’s involvement with the child welfare system, making it a priority to license kin as foster parents, supporting permanent families for children placed with kin, and creating a strong community network to support kin families.”.

(d) Grants to States for child abuse or neglect prevention and treatment programs.—Section 106 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5106a) is amended—

(1) in subsection (b)(2)—

(A) in subparagraph (B)(iv), by inserting “, and for how kinship placements will be prioritized” before the semicolon; and

(B) in subparagraph (D)(v), by inserting “kinship navigators,” after “substance abuse treatment agencies,”; and

(2) in subsection (d)(3)—

(A) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) and (C) as subparagraphs (C) and (D), respectively;

(B) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following:

“(B) the number that did not receive services during the year under the State program funded under this section or an equivalent State program because the child was diverted from the child welfare system to live with kin outside of the foster care system;”; and

(C) in subparagraph (D), as so redesignated, by striking “families” and inserting “parents”.

(e) Community-Based grants for the prevention of child abuse and neglect.—

(1) PURPOSE.—Section 201(b)(1) of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5116(b)(1)) is amended—

(A) in subparagraph (G), by striking “; and” and inserting a semicolon;

(B) in subparagraph (H), by adding “and” after the semicolon; and

(C) by adding at the end the following:

“(I) support the unique needs of kinship families raising children inside or outside the foster care system;”.

(2) LOCAL PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS.—Section 205(a) of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5116e(a)) is amended—

(A) in paragraph (2), by striking “and to parents who are adult former victims of domestic violence or child abuse or neglect” and inserting “to parents who are adult former victims of domestic violence or child abuse or neglect, and to families where children are being raised by kin because their parents cannot raise them”;

(B) in paragraph (3)(B)—

(i) in clause (viii), by striking “and”;

(ii) in clause (ix), by striking the period and inserting a semicolon; and

(iii) by adding at the end the following:

“(x) training to meet the specific needs of kinship caregivers, including training on caring for children with behavioral or mental health challenges and how to access services for which such caregivers may be eligible; and

“(xi) training on understanding substance use disorders and the impact of trauma on children.”; and

(C) in paragraph (4), by inserting “, kinship caregivers, and foster care alumni” after “parents”.


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