Text: H.R.6356 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (03/23/2020)


116th CONGRESS
2d Session
H. R. 6356


To protect our Social Security system and improve benefits for current and future generations.


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

March 23, 2020

Mr. Larson of Connecticut (for himself, Ms. Pingree, Mrs. Trahan, Mr. Clay, Mr. Rush, Ms. Frankel, Mr. Sablan, Mr. Gonzalez of Texas, Mr. Deutch, Mr. Michael F. Doyle of Pennsylvania, Mr. Lowenthal, Mrs. Napolitano, Mr. McNerney, Mr. Carson of Indiana, Mr. Cohen, Ms. Lee of California, Mr. Brendan F. Boyle of Pennsylvania, Mr. Higgins of New York, Mr. Kennedy, Mr. Danny K. Davis of Illinois, Ms. Barragán, Mr. Pascrell, Ms. Sánchez, Ms. Judy Chu of California, Mr. Kildee, Mr. Blumenauer, Ms. Wild, Mr. Perlmutter, Mr. Khanna, Ms. Blunt Rochester, Mrs. Hayes, Ms. Moore, Mr. Grijalva, Mr. Cárdenas, Mr. Bishop of Georgia, Mr. Vargas, Mr. McGovern, Mr. Raskin, Mr. Pocan, Ms. Norton, Mr. Thompson of California, Ms. Jayapal, Mrs. Watson Coleman, Ms. Haaland, Mr. Ryan, Ms. Johnson of Texas, Ms. Sewell of Alabama, and Mr. Courtney) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Ways and Means, and in addition to the Committee on Energy and Commerce, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned


A BILL

To protect our Social Security system and improve benefits for current and future generations.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Emergency Social Security Benefits Improvement Act”.

SEC. 2. Table of contents.

The table of contents for this Act is as follows:


Sec. 1. Short title.

Sec. 2. Table of contents.

Sec. 3. Across-the-board benefit increase.

Sec. 4. Increase in minimum benefit for lifetime low earners based on years in the workforce.

Sec. 5. Increase in threshold amounts and rate for inclusion of Social Security benefits in income.

Sec. 6. Extension of child’s benefit for full-time post-secondary school students under age 23.

Sec. 7. Improving Social Security benefits for widows and widowers in two-income households.

Sec. 8. Increasing access to benefits for children who live with grandparents or other relatives.

Sec. 9. Holding SSI, Medicaid, and CHIP beneficiaries harmless.

Sec. 10. Expedited adjustment of underpayments.

Sec. 11. Appropriation of funds.

SEC. 3. Across-the-board benefit increase.

(a) In general.—Section 215(a)(1)(A)(i) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 415(a)(1)(A)(i)) is amended by striking “90 percent” and inserting “93 percent”.

(b) Effective date.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The amendment made by subsection (a) shall apply with respect to monthly insurance benefits payable for months in calendar year 2020.

(2) RECOMPUTATION OF PRIMARY INSURANCE AMOUNTS.—Notwithstanding section 215(f) of the Social Security Act, the Commissioner of Social Security shall recompute primary insurance amounts to the extent necessary—

(A) to carry out the amendments made by this section; and

(B) to account for the nonapplication of such amendments after calendar year 2020.

(c) Rule of construction.—For purposes of applying subparagraphs (A) and (B) of section 215(i)(1) of the Social Security Act in any calendar year, nothing in this Act shall be considered a general benefit increase under title II of such Act.

SEC. 4. Increase in minimum benefit for lifetime low earners based on years in the workforce.

(a) In general.—Section 215(a)(1) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 415(a)(1)) is amended—

(1) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as subparagraph (E); and

(2) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following new subparagraph:

“(D) (i) Effective with respect to monthly insurance benefits payable for months in calendar year 2020, no primary insurance amount computed under subparagraph (A) may be less than the greater of—

“(I) the minimum monthly amount computed under subparagraph (C); or

“(II) in the case of an individual who has more than 10 years of work (as defined in clause (iv)(I)), the alternative minimum amount determined under clause (ii).

“(ii) (I) The alternative minimum amount determined under this clause is the applicable percentage of 112 of the poverty guideline for 2019.

“(II) For purposes of subclause (I), the applicable percentage is the percentage specified in connection with the number of years of work, as set forth in the following table:



“If the number of years The applicable
of work is: percentage is:
11 6.25 percent
12 12.50 percent
13 18.75 percent
14 25.00 percent
15 31.25 percent
16 37.50 percent
17 43.75 percent
18 50.00 percent
19 56.25 percent
20 62.50 percent
21 68.75 percent
22 75.00 percent
23 81.25 percent
24 87.50 percent
25 93.75 percent
26 100.00 percent
27 106.25 percent
28 112.50 percent
29 118.75 percent
30 or more 125.00 percent.

“(iii) For purposes of this subparagraph—

“(I) the term ‘year of work’ means, with respect to an individual, a year to which 4 quarters of coverage have been credited based on such individual’s wages and self-employment income; and

“(II) the term ‘poverty guideline for 2019’ means the annual poverty guideline for 2019 (as updated annually in the Federal Register by the Department of Health and Human Services under the authority of section 673(2) of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981) as applicable to a single individual.”.

(b) Recomputation of primary insurance amounts.—Notwithstanding section 215(f) of the Social Security Act, the Commissioner of Social Security shall recompute primary insurance amounts to the extent necessary—

(1) to carry out the amendments made by this section; and

(2) to account for the nonapplication of such amendments after calendar year 2020.

(c) Conforming amendment.—Section 209(k)(1) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 409(k)(1)) is amended by inserting “215(a)(1)(E), ” after “215(a)(1)(D),”.

SEC. 5. Increase in threshold amounts and rate for inclusion of Social Security benefits in income.

(a) In general.—Subsection (a) of section 86 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended to read as follows:

“(a) In general.—Gross income for the taxable year of any taxpayer described in subsection (b) (notwithstanding section 207 of the Social Security Act) includes Social Security benefits in an amount equal to the lesser of—

“(1) 85 percent of the Social Security benefits received during the taxable year, or

“(2) one-half of the excess described in subsection (b)(1).”.

(b) Base amount.—Subsection (c) of section 86 of such Code is amended to read as follows:

“(c) Base amount.—For purposes of this section, the term ‘base amount’ means—

“(1) except as otherwise provided in this paragraph, $35,000,

“(2) $50,000 in the case of a joint return, and

“(3) zero in the case of a taxpayer who—

“(A) is married as of the close of the taxable year (within the meaning of section 7703) but does not file a joint return for such year, and

“(B) does not live apart from his spouse at all times during the taxable year.”.

(c) Transfers to trust funds.—

(1) HOSPITAL INSURANCE TRUST FUND HELD HARMLESS.—Of the total revenue from taxation of social security benefits, there are appropriated to the Federal Hospital Insurance Trust Fund such amounts as would be transferred to such fund under section 121(e) of the Social Security Amendments of 1983 (42 U.S.C. 401 note) and section 86 of such Code as such sections were in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act, at such times and in such manner as would be provided therein.

(2) TRANSFERS TO PAYOR FUNDS.—Of the balance of the total revenue from taxation of social security benefits remaining after appropriations under paragraph (1) have been made, there are appropriated to each payor fund amounts equivalent to the portion of such balance equal to a fraction—

(A) the numerator of which is the amount equivalent to the net revenues received in the Treasury attributable to the application of sections 86 and 871(a)(3) of such Code to payments from such payor fund made in taxable years beginning during calendar year 2019; and

(B) the denominator of which is the total revenue from taxation of social security benefits.

(3) TRANSFERS.—The amounts appropriated by paragraph (2) to any payor fund shall be transferred from time to time (but not less frequently than quarterly) from the general fund of the Treasury on the basis of estimates made by the Secretary of the Treasury of the amounts referred to in such paragraph. Any such quarterly payment shall be made on the first day of such quarter and shall take into account social security benefits estimated to be received during such quarter. Proper adjustments shall be made in the amounts subsequently transferred to the extent prior estimates were in excess of or less than the amounts required to be transferred.

(4) DEFINITIONS.—For purposes of this subsection—

(A) TOTAL REVENUE FROM TAXATION OF SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS.—The term “total revenue from taxation of social security benefits” means the amount equivalent to the net revenues received in the Treasury attributable to the application of sections 86 and 871(a)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to payments from any payor fund made in taxable years beginning during calendar year 2019.

(B) PAYOR FUND.—The term “payor fund” means any trust fund or account from which payments of social security benefits are made.

(C) SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS.—The term “social security benefits” has the meaning given such term by section 86(d)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

(5) CONFORMING RULE.—Section 121(e) of the Social Security Amendments of 1983 (42 U.S.C. 401 note) shall not apply with respect to net revenues received in the Treasury attributable to the application of sections 86 and 871(a)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to payments from any payor fund made in taxable years beginning during calendar year 2019.

(d) Effective date.—The amendments made by this section shall apply to taxable years beginning in calendar year 2019.

SEC. 6. Extension of child’s benefit for full-time post-secondary school students under age 23.

(a) In general.—Section 202(d)(1)(B) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 402(d)(1)(B)) is amended to read as follows:

“(B) at the time such application was filed was unmarried and—

“(i) had not attained the age of 18,

“(ii) was a full-time elementary or secondary school student and had not attained the age of 22,

“(iii) was a full-time post-secondary school student and had not attained the age of 23, or

“(iv) is under a disability (as defined in section 223(d)) which began before he attained the age of 22, and”.

(b) Definition of full-Time post-Secondary school student.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Section 202(d)(7) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 402(d)(7)) is amended—

(A) in subparagraph (A)—

(i) by inserting “and a ‘full-time post-secondary school student’ is an individual who is in full-time attendance as a student at a post-secondary educational institution” before “, as determined by the Commissioner”;

(ii) by inserting “or a ‘full-time post-secondary school student’” before “if he is paid by his employer”;

(iii) by inserting “or a post-secondary educational institution, as applicable,” before “at the request”;

(iv) by inserting “or a ‘full-time post-secondary school student’” before “for the purpose of this section”; and

(v) by inserting “or a full-time post-secondary school student” before “shall be deemed”; and

(B) in subparagraph (B)—

(i) by inserting “or a full-time post-secondary school student” after “student”;

(ii) by inserting “or a post-secondary educational institution, as applicable” before “at which he has been”; and

(iii) by striking “an elementary or secondary school” in each of the second and third places in which such term appears and inserting “such a school”.

(2) TRANSITION FROM ELEMENTARY OR SECONDARY SCHOOL.—Section 202(d)(7)(B) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 402(d)(7)(B)) is amended by adding at the end the following sentence: “An individual who has been in full-time attendance at an elementary or secondary school shall, during a succeeding period of nonattendance at such school, be deemed to be a full-time secondary-school student if (i) such period is 4 calendar months or less, and (ii) the individual shows to the satisfaction of the Commissioner that he intends to be in full-time attendance at a post-secondary educational institution immediately following such period.”

(c) Definition of post-Secondary educational institution.—Section 202(d)(7)(C) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 402(d)(7)(C)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

“(iii) A ‘post-secondary educational institution’ is an institution described in section 102 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1002).”.

(d) Conforming amendments.—

(1) Section 202(d)(1)(E) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 402(d)(1)(E)) is amended by inserting “or a full-time post-secondary school student” after “student”.

(2) Section 202(d)(1)(F) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 402(d)(1)(F)) is amended by striking “the earlier of—” and all that follows through “the age of 19,” and inserting the following: “the earlier of—

“(i) the first month during no part of which the child is a full-time elementary or secondary school student or a full-time post-secondary school student,

“(ii) the month in which the child attains the age of 22, but only if the child is not a full-time post-secondary school student during any part of such month, or

“(iii) the month in which the child attains the age of 23,”.

(3) Section 202(d)(1)(G) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 402(d)(1)(G)) is amended by striking “(if later)” and all that follows through the “the age of 19,” and inserting the following: “(if later) the earlier of—

“(i) the first month during no part of which the child is a full-time elementary or secondary school student or a full-time post-secondary school student,

“(ii) the month in which the child attains the age of 22, but only if the child is not a full-time post-secondary school student during any part of such month, or

“(iii) the month in which the child attains the age of 23,”.

(4) Section 202(d)(6)(A) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 402(d)(6)(A)) is amended to read as follows:

“(A) (i) is a full-time elementary or secondary school student and has not attained the age of 22,

“(ii) is a full-time post-secondary school student and has not attained the age of 23, or

“(iii) is under a disability (as defined in section 223(d)) and has not attained the age of 22, or”.

(5) Section 202(d)(6)(D) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 402(d)(6)(D)) is amended to read as follows:

“(D) the earlier of—

“(i) the first month during no part of which the child is a full-time elementary or secondary school student or a full-time post-secondary school student,

“(ii) the month in which the child attains the age of 22, but only if the child is not a full-time post-secondary school student during any part of such month, or

“(iii) the month in which the child attains the age of 23,

but only if he is not under a disability (as so defined) in such earlier month; or”.

(6) Section 202(d)(6)(E) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 402(d)(6)(E)) is amended by striking “(if later)” and all that follows to the end and inserting the following: “(if later) the earlier of—

“(i) the first month during no part of which the child is a full-time elementary or secondary school student or a full-time post-secondary school student,

“(ii) the month in which the child attains the age of 22, but only if the child is not a full-time post-secondary school student during any part of such month, or

“(iii) the month in which the child attains the age of 23.”.

(7) Section 202(d)(7)(D) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 402(d)(7)(D)) is amended—

(A) by striking “A child who” and inserting “(i) A child who”;

(B) by striking “age 19” and inserting “age 22”;

(C) by striking “clause (i) of paragraph (1)(B)” and inserting “clause (ii) of paragraph (1)(B)”; and

(D) by adding at the end the following:

“(ii) A child who attains age 23 at a time when he is a full-time post-secondary school student (as defined in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph and without application of subparagraph (B) of such paragraph) but has not (at such time) completed the requirements for, or received, a diploma or equivalent certificate from a post-secondary educational institution (as defined in subparagraph (C)(iii)) shall be deemed (for purposes of determining whether his entitlement to benefits under this subsection has terminated under paragraph (1)(F) and for purposes of determining his initial entitlement to such benefits under clause (iii) of paragraph (1)(B)) not to have attained such age until the first day of the first month following the end of the quarter or semester in which he is enrolled at such time (or, if the post-secondary educational institution (as so defined) in which he is enrolled is not operated on a quarter or semester system, until the first day of the first month following the completion of the course in which he is so enrolled or until the first day of the third month beginning after such time, whichever first occurs).”.

(e) Effective date.—The amendments made by this section shall apply with respect to applications for child’s insurance benefits filed in calendar year 2020 and with respect to individuals entitled to such benefits during any month of such calendar year, except that such amendments shall not apply for purposes of determining continuing eligibility for child’s insurance benefits for any month after such calendar year.

SEC. 7. Improving Social Security benefits for widows and widowers in two-income households.

(a) In general.—

(1) WIDOWS.—Section 202(e) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 402(e)) is amended—

(A) in paragraph (1)—

(i) in subparagraph (B), by inserting “and” at the end;

(ii) in subparagraph (C)(iii), by striking “and” at the end;

(iii) by striking subparagraph (D);

(iv) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as subparagraphs (D) and (E), respectively; and

(v) in the flush matter following subparagraph (E)(ii), as so redesignated, by striking “becomes entitled to an old-age insurance benefit” and all that follows through “such deceased individual,”;

(B) by striking subparagraph (A) in paragraph (2) and inserting the following:

“(2) (A) Except as provided in subsection (k)(5), subsection (q), and subparagraph (D) of this paragraph, such widow’s insurance benefit for each month shall be equal to the greater of—

“(i) the primary insurance amount (as determined for purposes of this subsection after application of subparagraphs (B) and (C)) of such deceased individual, or

“(ii) subject to paragraph (9), in the case of a fully insured widow or surviving divorced wife, 75 percent of the sum of any old-age or disability insurance benefit for which the widow or the surviving divorced wife is entitled for such month and the primary insurance amount (as determined for purposes of this subsection after application of subparagraphs (B) and (C)) of such deceased individual.”;

(C) in paragraph (5)—

(i) in subparagraph (A), by striking “paragraph (1)(F)” and inserting “paragraph (1)(E)”; and

(ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking “paragraph (1)(F)(i)” and inserting “paragraph (1)(E)(i)”; and

(D) by adding at the end the following:

“(9) For purposes of paragraph (2)(A)(ii), the amount determined under such paragraph shall not exceed the primary insurance amount for such month of a hypothetical individual—

“(A) who became entitled to old-age insurance benefits upon attaining early retirement age during the month in which the deceased individual referred to in paragraph (1) became entitled to old-age or disability insurance benefits, or died (before becoming entitled to such benefits), and

“(B) to whom wages and self-employment income were credited in each of such hypothetical individual’s elapsed years (within the meaning of section 215(b)(2)(B)(iii)) in an amount equal to the national average wage index (as described in section 209(k)(1)) for each such year.”.

(2) WIDOWERS.—Section 202(f) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 402(f)) is amended—

(A) in paragraph (1)—

(i) in subparagraph (B), by inserting “and” at the end;

(ii) in subparagraph (C)(iii), by striking “and” at the end;

(iii) by striking subparagraph (D);

(iv) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as subparagraphs (D) and (E), respectively; and

(v) in the flush matter following subparagraph (E)(ii), as so redesignated, by striking “or becomes entitled to an old-age insurance benefit” and all that follows through “such deceased individual,”;

(B) by striking subparagraph (A) in paragraph (2) and inserting the following:

“(2) (A) Except as provided in subsection (k)(5), subsection (q), and subparagraph (D) of this paragraph, such widower’s insurance benefit for each month shall be equal to the greater of—

“(i) the primary insurance amount (as determined for purposes of this subsection after application of subparagraphs (B) and (C)) of such deceased individual, or

“(ii) subject to paragraph (9), in the case of a fully insured widower or surviving divorced husband, 75 percent of the sum of any old-age or disability insurance benefit for which the widower or the surviving divorced husband is entitled for such month and the primary insurance amount (as determined for purposes of this subsection after application of subparagraphs (B) and (C)) of such deceased individual.”;

(C) in paragraph (5)—

(i) in subparagraph (A), by striking “paragraph (1)(F)” and inserting “paragraph (1)(E)”; and

(ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking “paragraph (1)(F)(i)” and inserting “paragraph (1)(E)(i)”; and

(D) by adding at the end the following:

“(9) For purposes of paragraph (2)(A)(ii), the amount determined under such paragraph shall not exceed the primary insurance amount for such month of a hypothetical individual—

“(A) who became entitled to old-age insurance benefits upon attaining early retirement age during the month in which the deceased individual referred to in paragraph (1) became entitled to old-age or disability insurance benefits, or died (before becoming entitled to such benefits), and

“(B) to whom wages and self-employment income were credited in each of such hypothetical individual’s elapsed years (within the meaning of section 215(b)(2)(B)(iii)) in an amount equal to the national average wage index (as described in section 209(k)(1)) for each such year.”.

(b) Conforming amendment.—Section 209(k)(1) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 409(k)(1)), as amended by section 103(c), is further amended by inserting “202(e)(9), 202(f)(9),” after “sections”.

(c) Effective date.—The amendments made by this section shall apply only with respect to widow’s and widower’s insurance benefits payable for months in calendar year 2020.

SEC. 8. Increasing access to benefits for children who live with grandparents or other relatives.

(a) In general.—Title II of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 401 et seq.) is amended—

(1) in section 202(d)—

(A) in paragraph (1)(C), by inserting “except as provided in paragraph (9),” before “was dependent”; and

(B) by amending paragraph (9) to read as follows:

“(9) (A) In the case of a child who is the child of an individual under clause (3) of the first sentence of section 216(e) and is not a child of such individual under clause (1) or (2) of such first sentence, the criteria specified in subparagraph (B) shall apply instead of the criteria specified in subparagraph (C) of paragraph (1).

“(B) The criteria of this subparagraph are that—

“(i) the child has been living with such individual in the United States for a period of not less than 12 months;

“(ii) the child has been receiving not less than ½ of the child's support from such individual for a period of not less than 12 months; and

“(iii) the period during which the child was living with such individual began before the child attained age 18.

“(C) In the case of a child who is less than 12 months old, such child shall be deemed to meet the requirements of subparagraph (B) if, on the date the child attains 1 year of age, such child has lived with such individual in the United States and received at least ½ of the child's support from such individual for substantially all of the period which began on the date of such child's birth.”; and

(2) in section 216(e), in the first sentence—

(A) by striking “grandchild or stepgrandchild of an individual or his spouse” and inserting “grandchild, stepgrandchild, or other first-degree, second-degree, third-degree, fourth-degree, or fifth-degree relative of an individual or the individual's spouse”;

(B) by striking “was no natural or adoptive parent” and inserting “is no living natural or adoptive parent”;

(C) by striking “was under a disability” and inserting “is under a disability”;

(D) by striking “living at the time” and all that follows through “, or (B)” and inserting “, (B)”; and

(E) by inserting “, or (C) a court of competent jurisdiction has issued an order granting custody of such person to the individual or the individual’s spouse” before the first period.

(b) Conforming amendments.—Section 202(d)(1) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 402(d)(1)) is amended—

(1) by striking “subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C)” and inserting “subparagraphs (A) and (B) and subparagraph (C) or paragraph (9) (as applicable)”; and

(2) by striking “subparagraphs (B) and (C)” and inserting “subparagraph (B) and subparagraph (C) or paragraph (9) (as applicable)”.

(c) Effective date.—The amendments made by this section shall apply with respect to applications for child’s insurance benefits filed in calendar year 2020, except that such amendments shall not apply for purposes of determining continuing eligibility for child’s insurance benefits for any month after such calendar year.

SEC. 9. Holding SSI, Medicaid, and CHIP beneficiaries harmless.

For purposes of determining the income of an individual to establish eligibility for, and the amount of, benefits payable under title XVI of the Social Security Act, eligibility for medical assistance under the State plan under title XIX (or a waiver of such plan), or eligibility for child health assistance under the State child health plan under title XXI (or a waiver of the plan), the amount of any benefit to which the individual is entitled under title II of such Act shall be deemed not to exceed the amount of the benefit that would be determined for such individual under such title as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 10. Expedited adjustment of underpayments.

In any case in which, as a result of a provision of this Act or an amendment made by this Act, the Commissioner determines that an underpayment of benefits has occurred, the Commissioner shall pay the balance of the amount due as soon as practicable after the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 11. Appropriation of funds.

There are appropriated from the general fund of the Treasury to the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund and the Federal Disability Insurance Trust Fund such sums as necessary to pay for the benefit increases attributable to the this Act and the amendments made by such Act.


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