Text: H.R.6395 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Placed on Calendar Senate (08/05/2020)

Calendar No. 505

116th CONGRESS
2d Session
H. R. 6395


To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes.


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

August 4, 2020

Received

August 5, 2020

Read twice and placed on the calendar


AN ACT

To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

(a) Short title.—This Act may be cited as the “William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021”.

(b) References.—Any reference in this or any other Act to the “National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021” shall be deemed to refer to the “William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021”.

SEC. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.

(a) Divisions.—This Act is organized into 16 divisions as follows:

(1) Division A—Department of Defense Authorizations.

(2) Division B—Military Construction Authorizations.

(3) Division C—Department of Energy National Security Authorizations and Other Authorizations.

(4) Division D—Funding Tables.

(5) Division E—National Artificial Intelligence Initiative Act of 2020.

(6) Division F—Corporate Transparency Act of 2019.

(7) Division G—COUNTER Act of 2019.

(8) Division H—Elijah E. Cummings Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2020.

(9) Division I—Department of State Authorities and Activities.

(10) Division J—Combating Russian Money Laundering.

(11) Division K—Kleptocracy Asset Recovery Rewards Act.

(12) Division L—Stopping Trafficking, Illicit Flows, Laundering, and Exploitation.

(13) Division M—Improving Corporate Governance Through Diversity.

(14) Division N—Banking Transparency for Sanctioned Persons Act of 2019.

(15) Division O—Public Lands.

(16) Division P—Colorado Outdoor Recreation and Economy Act.

(b) Table of contents.—The table of contents for this Act is as follows:


Sec. 1. Short title.

Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.

Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 111. Independent cost estimate of FFG(X) frigate program.

Sec. 112. Liquified natural gas pilot program.

Sec. 121. Modification of force structure objectives for B–1 bomber aircraft.

Sec. 122. Extension of limitation on availability of funds for retirement of RC–135 aircraft.

Sec. 123. Modification of limitation on availability of funds for retirement of E–8 JSTARS aircraft.

Sec. 124. Limitation on availability of funds for the Advanced Battle Management System pending certification relating to RQ–4 aircraft.

Sec. 125. Inventory requirements for certain air refueling tanker aircraft.

Sec. 126. Limitation on production of KC–46A aircraft.

Sec. 127. Assessment and certification relating to OC–135 aircraft.

Sec. 128. Modernization plan for airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance.

Sec. 129. Minimum bomber aircraft force level.

Sec. 130. Provisions relating to RC–26B manned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance aircraft.

Sec. 130A. Briefing on payload hosting on modular supersonic aircraft.

Sec. 131. Documentation relating to the F–35 aircraft program.

Sec. 132. Notification on software regression testing for F–35 aircraft.

Sec. 133. Notification on efforts to replace inoperable ejection seat aircraft locator beacons.

Sec. 134. Limitation on use of funds for the Armed Overwatch Program.

Sec. 135. Investment and sustainment plan for procurement of cannon tubes.

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 211. Modification of Science, Mathematics, and Research for Transformation (SMART) Defense Education Program.

Sec. 212. Enhanced participation of Department of Defense contractors in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics activities.

Sec. 213. Modification of requirements relating to certain cooperative research and development agreements.

Sec. 214. Pilot program on talent optimization.

Sec. 215. Codification of the National Security Innovation Network.

Sec. 216. Modification of pilot program on enhanced civics education.

Sec. 217. Modification of joint artificial intelligence research, development, and transition activities.

Sec. 218. Modification of national security innovation activities and manufacturing pilot program.

Sec. 219. Extension of pilot program for the enhancement of the research, development, test, and evaluation centers of the Department of Defense.

Sec. 220. Digital data management and analytics capability.

Sec. 221. Social science, management science, and information science research activities.

Sec. 222. Measuring and incentivizing programming proficiency.

Sec. 223. Information technology modernization and security efforts.

Sec. 224. Board of Directors for the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.

Sec. 225. Directed Energy Working Group.

Sec. 226. Program Executive Officer for Autonomy.

Sec. 227. Accountability measures relating to the Advanced Battle Management System.

Sec. 228. Measures to address foreign talent programs.

Sec. 229. Disclosure of foreign funding sources in applications for Federal research awards.

Sec. 230. Limitations relating to large unmanned surface vessels and associated offensive weapon systems.

Sec. 231. Limitation on availability of funds pending review and report on next generation air dominance capabilities.

Sec. 232. Modification of mechanisms for expedited access to technical talent and expertise at academic institutions.

Sec. 233. Designation of Academic Liaison to protect against emerging threats.

Sec. 241. Steering committee on emerging technology.

Sec. 242. Training for human resources personnel in artificial intelligence and related topics.

Sec. 243. Unclassified workspaces for personnel with pending security clearances.

Sec. 244. Pilot program on the use of electronic portfolios to evaluate applicants for certain technical positions.

Sec. 245. Self-directed training in artificial intelligence.

Sec. 246. Part-time and term employment of university professors and students in the Defense science and technology enterprise.

Sec. 247. Microelectronics and national security.

Sec. 248. Acquisition of ethically and responsibly developed artificial intelligence technology.

Sec. 249. Enhancement of public-private talent exchange programs in the Department of Defense.

Sec. 250. Reporting on contribution of development of artificial intelligence standards.

Sec. 251. Short title.

Sec. 252. Findings.

Sec. 253. National coordinating entity for sustainable chemistry.

Sec. 254. Strategic plan for sustainable chemistry.

Sec. 255. Agency activities in support of sustainable chemistry.

Sec. 256. Partnerships in sustainable chemistry.

Sec. 257. Prioritization.

Sec. 258. Rule of construction.

Sec. 259. Major multi-user research facility project.

Sec. 261. Modification to annual report of the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation.

Sec. 262. Repeal of quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle program.

Sec. 263. Independent evaluation of personal protective and diagnostic testing equipment.

Sec. 264. Reports on F–35 physiological episodes and mitigation efforts.

Sec. 265. Study on mechanisms for attracting and retaining high quality talent in the national security innovation base.

Sec. 266. Funding for force protection applied research.

Sec. 267. Funding for hypersonics prototyping.

Sec. 268. Funding for unidirectional body armor.

Sec. 269. Assessments of intelligence, defense, and military implications of deepfake videos and related technologies.

Sec. 270. Funding for Air Force university research initiatives.

Sec. 271. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2020 projects.

Sec. 272. Sense of Congress on the role of the National Science Foundation.

Sec. 273. Funding for Navy university research initiatives.

Sec. 274. Funding for Army university research initiatives.

Sec. 275. Report on certain awards by the Air Force under the Small Business Innovation Research Program and the Small Business Technology Transfer Program.

Sec. 276. Funding for Backpackable Communications Intelligence System.

Sec. 277. Funding for Army university and industry research centers.

Sec. 278. Sense of Congress on the additive manufacturing and machine learning initiative of the Army.

Sec. 279. Traineeships for American leaders to excel in national technology and science.

Sec. 280. Briefing and report on use of distributed ledger technology for defense purposes.

Sec. 281. Admission of essential scientists and technical experts to promote and protect the National Security Innovation Base.

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 302. Funding for Army Community Services.

Sec. 303. Increase in funding for Air Force reserve contractor systems support.

Sec. 311. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Clearinghouse for review of mission obstructions.

Sec. 312. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Clearinghouse for review of mission obstructions.

Sec. 313. Agreements to limit encroachments and other constraints on military training, testing, and operations.

Sec. 314. Modification of Department of Defense environmental restoration authorities to include Federal Government facilities used by National Guard.

Sec. 315. Increased transparency through reporting on usage and spills of aqueous film-forming foam at military installations.

Sec. 316. Replacement of non-tactical motor vehicles at the end of service life with electric or hybrid motor vehicles.

Sec. 317. Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to operational energy improvement.

Sec. 318. Assessment of Department of Defense operational energy usage.

Sec. 319. Improvement of the operational energy capability improvement fund of the Department of Defense.

Sec. 320. Five-year reviews of containment technologies relating to Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.

Sec. 321. Limitation on use of funds for acquisition of furnished energy for Rhine Ordnance Barracks Army Medical Center.

Sec. 322. Requirement to update Department of Defense climate change roadmap.

Sec. 323. Comptroller General report on Department of Defense installation energy.

Sec. 324. Department of Defense report on emissions levels.

Sec. 325. Objectives, performance standards, and criteria for use of wildlife conservation banking programs.

Sec. 326. Offshore wind energy development, Morro Bay, California.

Sec. 327. Long-duration demonstration initiative and joint program.

Sec. 328. Prizes for development of non-PFAS-containing fire-fighting agent.

Sec. 329. Survey of technologies for Department of Defense application in phasing out the use of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam.

Sec. 330. Interagency body on research related to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances.

Sec. 331. Restriction on procurement by defense logistics agency of certain items containing perfluoroalkyl substances and polyfluoroalkyl substances.

Sec. 332. Standards for removal or remedial actions with respect to PFOS or PFOA contamination.

Sec. 333. Research and development of alternative to aqueous film-forming foam.

Sec. 334. Notification to agricultural operations located in areas exposed to Department of Defense PFAS use.

Sec. 335. Public disclosure of results of Department of Defense testing for perfluoroalkyl or polyfluoroalkyl substances.

Sec. 336. Biological threats report.

Sec. 337. Report on energy savings performance contracts.

Sec. 338. Sense of Congress regarding an integrated master plan towards achieving net zero.

Sec. 339. Increase in funding for Centers for Disease Control Study on health implications health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances contamination in drinking water.

Sec. 340. Moratorium on incineration by Department of Defense of perfluoroalkyl substances, polyfluoroalkyl substances, and aqueous film forming foam.

Sec. 341. Guaranteeing Equipment Safety for Firefighters Act of 2020.

Sec. 342. Assessment of Department of Defense excess property programs with respect to need and wildfire risk.

Sec. 351. National Defense Sustainment and Logistics Review.

Sec. 352. Extension of sunset relating to charter air transportation services.

Sec. 353. Additional elements for inclusion in Navy ship depot maintenance budget report.

Sec. 354. Modification to limitation on length of overseas forward deployment of naval vessels.

Sec. 355. Independent advisory panel on weapon system sustainment.

Sec. 356. Biannual briefings on status of Shipyard Infrastructure Optimization Plan.

Sec. 357. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives for major weapon systems.

Sec. 361. Chair of Department of Defense explosive safety board.

Sec. 362. Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense Program.

Sec. 363. Assessment of resilience of Department of Defense munitions enterprise.

Sec. 364. Report on safety waivers and mishaps in Department of Defense munitions enterprise.

Sec. 371. Pilot program for temporary issuance of maternity-related uniform items.

Sec. 372. Servicewomen’s Commemorative Partnerships.

Sec. 373. Biodefense analysis and budget submission.

Sec. 374. Clarification of National Biodefense Strategy.

Sec. 375. Report on biodefense.

Sec. 376. Facilitating agreements with other Federal agencies to limit encroachments.

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.

Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum levels.

Sec. 403. Modification of the authorized number and accounting method for senior enlisted personnel.

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.

Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the Reserves.

Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).

Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active duty for operational support.

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

Sec. 501. Authorized strength: exclusion of certain general and flag officers of the reserve components on active duty.

Sec. 502. Diversity in selection boards.

Sec. 503. Redaction of personally identifiable information from records furnished to a promotion board.

Sec. 504. Temporary expansion of availability of enhanced constructive service credit in a particular career field upon original appointment as a commissioned officer.

Sec. 505. Permanent programs on direct commissions to cyber positions.

Sec. 511. Grants to support STEM education in the Junior Reserve Officers’ Training Corps.

Sec. 512. Modification of education loan repayment program for members of Selected Reserve.

Sec. 513. Requirement of consent of the chief executive officer for certain full-time National Guard duty performed in a State, Territory, or the District of Columbia.

Sec. 514. Constructive credit for certain members of the reserve components who cannot complete minimum annual training requirements as a result of the COVID–19 pandemic.

Sec. 515. Guidance for use of unmanned aircraft systems by the National Guard.

Sec. 516. Direct employment pilot program for certain members of the reserve components.

Sec. 517. Temporary limitation on authority to transfer, relocate, or dissolve elements of the reserve components of the Air Force.

Sec. 518. Pilot programs in connection with SROTC units and CSPI programs at Historically Black Colleges and Universities and minority institutions.

Sec. 519. Report regarding full-time National Guard duty in response to the COVID–19 pandemic.

Sec. 520. Study and report on ROTC recruitment.

Sec. 520A. Transitional health benefits for certain members of the National Guard serving under orders in response to the coronavirus (COVID–19).

Sec. 520B. Quarantine housing for members of the National Guard who perform certain duty in response to the COVID–19 emergency.

Sec. 520C. National guard support to major disasters.

Sec. 520D. Authority to reinstate and transfer officers in medical specialties in the reserve components of the Armed Forces previously retired honorably or under honorable conditions.

Sec. 520E. Report regarding national guard youth challenge program.

Sec. 520F. Permanent suicide prevention and resilience program for the reserve components.

Sec. 521. Temporary authority to order retired members to active duty in high-demand, low-density assignments during war or national emergency.

Sec. 522. Reenlistment waivers for persons separated from the Armed Forces who commit one misdemeanor cannabis offense.

Sec. 523. Review of Seaman to Admiral-21 program; credit towards retirement.

Sec. 524. Report regarding reviews of discharges and dismissals based on sexual orientation or gender identity.

Sec. 525. Development of guidelines for use of unofficial sources of information to determine eligibility of members and former members of the Armed Forces for decorations and benefits when the service records are incomplete because of damage to the official record.

Sec. 526. Report on bad paper.

Sec. 531. Punitive article on violent extremism.

Sec. 532. Preservation of Court-martial records.

Sec. 533. Electronic notarization for members of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 534. Clarifications regarding scope of employment and reemployment rights of members of the uniformed services.

Sec. 535. Termination of telephone, multichannel video programming, and internet access service contracts by servicemembers who enter into contracts after receiving military orders for permanent change of station but then receive stop movement orders due to an emergency situation.

Sec. 536. Absentee ballot tracking program.

Sec. 537. Tracking mechanism and reporting requirements for supremacist, extremist, and criminal gang activity in the Armed Forces.

Sec. 538. Military-civilian task force on domestic violence and related information collection activities.

Sec. 539. Actions to address military-connected child abuse.

Sec. 540. Multidisciplinary board to evaluate suicide events.

Sec. 540A. To resolve controversies under Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.

Sec. 540B. Limitation on waiver of rights and protections under Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.

Sec. 540C. Clarification of private right of action under Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.

Sec. 540D. Requirement of certain certification before deportation of a spouse of a member of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 540E. Clarification of termination of leases of premises and motor vehicles of servicemembers who incur catastrophic injury or illness or die while in military service.

Sec. 540F. Availability of records for National Instant Criminal Background Check System.

Sec. 540G. Prohibition on certain communications regarding courts-martial.

Sec. 540H. Termination of contracts for telephone, multichannel video programming, or internet access service by certain individuals under Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.

Sec. 540I. Report on drug demand reduction program modernization.

Sec. 540J. Qualifications of judges and standard of review for Courts of Criminal Appeals.

Sec. 540K. Right to notice of victims of offenses under the Uniform Code of Military Justice regarding certain post-trial motions, filings, and hearings.

Sec. 541. Protection of attorney-client privilege between victims and Special Victims’ Counsel.

Sec. 542. Authority of military judges and military magistrates to issue military court protective orders.

Sec. 543. Additional bases for provision of advice by the Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual Misconduct.

Sec. 544. Modification of reporting and data collection on victims of sexual offenses.

Sec. 545. Modification of annual report regarding sexual assaults involving members of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 546. Coordination of support for survivors of sexual trauma.

Sec. 547. Policy on separation of victim and accused at military service academies.

Sec. 548. Safe-to-report policy applicable across the Armed Forces.

Sec. 549. Question in workplace and gender relations surveys regarding prosecutions of sexual assault.

Sec. 550. Pilot program on prosecution of special victim offenses committed by attendees of military service academies.

Sec. 550A. Report on status of investigations of alleged sex-related offenses.

Sec. 550B. Report on sexual abuse and harassment of recruits during medical examinations prior to entry into the Armed Forces.

Sec. 550C. Confidential reporting of sexual harassment.

Sec. 551. Counseling in the Transition Assistance Program regarding sexual assault, sexual or gender harassment, and intimate partner violence.

Sec. 552. Medical or administrative discharge as a pathway for counseling in the Transition Assistance Program.

Sec. 553. Family dynamics as pathways for counseling in the Transition Assistance Program.

Sec. 554. Establishment of mentoring and career counseling program.

Sec. 555. Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center.

Sec. 556. Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center.

Sec. 557. Increase in number of permanent professors at the United States Air Force Academy.

Sec. 558. Information on nominations and applications for military service academies.

Sec. 559. Transformation of the professional military education enterprise.

Sec. 560. College of International Security Affairs of the National Defense University.

Sec. 560A. Public-private consortium to improve professional military education.

Sec. 560B. Participation of members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces in the Skillbridge program.

Sec. 560C. Study regarding VA participation in TAP.

Sec. 560D. GAO study regarding transferability of military certifications to civilian occupational licenses and certifications.

Sec. 560E. Transition outreach.

Sec. 560F. Continued participation of separated members of the Armed Forces in Skillbridge programs.

Sec. 560G. Expansion of Skillbridge program to include the Coast Guard.

Sec. 560H. Establishment of performance measures for the Credentialing Opportunities On-Line programs of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 560I. Authority of military educational institutions to accept research grants.

Sec. 560J. Report on officer training in irregular warfare.

Sec. 560K. Report regarding county, Tribal, and local veterans service officers.

Sec. 560L. Limited exception for attendance of enlisted personnel at senior level and intermediate level officer professional military education courses.

Sec. 560M. Limitation on eligibility of for-profit institutions to participate in educational assistance programs of the Department of Defense.

Sec. 561. Family readiness: definitions; communication strategy; report.

Sec. 562. Support services for members of special operations forces and immediate family members.

Sec. 563. Authority to provide financial assistance to certain in-home child care providers for members of the Armed Forces and survivors of members who die in combat in the line of duty.

Sec. 564. Expansion of financial assistance under My Career Advancement Account program.

Sec. 565. Child care.

Sec. 566. Continuation of paid parental leave upon death of child.

Sec. 567. Study and report on the performance of the Department of Defense Education Activity.

Sec. 568. Comptroller General of the United States report on the structural condition of Department of Defense Education Activity schools.

Sec. 569. Pilot program to expand eligibility for enrollment at domestic dependent elementary and secondary schools.

Sec. 570. Continued assistance to schools with significant numbers of military dependent students.

Sec. 570A. Standardization of the Exceptional Family Member Program.

Sec. 570B. Training program regarding foreign disinformation campaigns.

Sec. 570C. Reopening of child care facilities of the Engineer Research and Development Center.

Sec. 570D. Improvements to partner criteria of the Military Spouse Employment Partnership Program.

Sec. 571. Diversity and inclusion reporting requirements.

Sec. 572. Establishment of Diversity and Inclusion Advisory Council of the Department of Defense.

Sec. 573. Establishment of Special Inspector General for Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Armed Forces; amendments to Inspector General Act.

Sec. 574. Questions regarding racism, anti-Semitism, and supremacism in workplace surveys administered by the Secretary of Defense.

Sec. 575. Report on demographics of officers appointed to certain grades.

Sec. 576. Plans to increase female and minority representation in the Armed Forces.

Sec. 577. Evaluation of barriers to minority participation in certain units of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 578. Report to Congress on efforts to increase diversity and representation in film, television, and publishing.

Sec. 579. Plan to improve responses to pregnancy and childbirth by members of the Armed Forces and employees of the Department of Defense.

Sec. 581. Establishment of the Atomic Veterans Service Medal.

Sec. 582. Authorization for award of the distinguished-service cross for Ramiro F. Olivo for acts of valor during the Vietnam War.

Sec. 583. Eligibility of veterans of Operation End Sweep for Vietnam Service Medal.

Sec. 591. Expansion of Department of Defense STARBASE Program.

Sec. 592. Inclusion of certain outlying areas in the Department of Defense STARBASE Program.

Sec. 593. Prohibition on charging for or counting certain acronyms on headstones of individuals interred at Arlington National Cemetery.

Sec. 594. Report on placement of members of the Armed Forces in academic status who are victims of sexual assault onto Non-Rated Periods.

Sec. 595. Sense of Congress regarding advertising recruiting efforts.

Sec. 596. Study on financial impacts of COVID–19 on members of the Armed Forces and best practices to prevent future financial hardships.

Sec. 597. Sense of Congress honoring the Dover Air Force Base, Delaware, home to the 436th airlift wing, the 512th airlift wing, and the Charles C. Carson Center for mortuary affairs.

Sec. 598. GAO study of women involuntarily separated or discharged due to pregnancy or parenthood.

Sec. 599. Report regarding transportation of remains of certain decedents by the Secretary of a military department.

Sec. 599A. Postponement of conditional designation of Explosive Ordnance Disposal Corps as a basic branch of the Army.

Sec. 599B. Annual report regarding cost of living for members and employees of the Department of Defense.

Sec. 599C. Report on Preservation of the Force and Family Program of United States Special Operations Command.

Sec. 599D. GAO study of members absent without leave or on unauthorized absence.

Sec. 601. Increase in basic pay.

Sec. 602. Basic needs allowance for low-income regular members.

Sec. 603. Reorganization of certain allowances other than travel and transportation allowances.

Sec. 604. Single military housing area for each municipality with a population greater than 500,000.

Sec. 605. Expansion of travel and transportation allowances to include fares and tolls.

Sec. 606. Compensation and credit for retired pay purposes for maternity leave taken by members of the reserve components.

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay authorities.

Sec. 612. Increase in certain hazardous duty incentive pay for members of the uniformed services.

Sec. 613. Standardization of payment of hazardous duty incentive pay for members of the uniformed services.

Sec. 614. Clarification of 30 days of continuous duty on board a ship required for family separation allowance for members of the uniformed services.

Sec. 615. Expansion of reimbursable State licensure and certification costs for a military spouse arising from relocation.

Sec. 621. Expansion of authority to provide financial assistance to civilian providers of child care services or youth program services for survivors of members of the Armed Forces who die in the line of duty.

Sec. 622. Expansion of death gratuity for ROTC graduates.

Sec. 623. Recalculation of financial assistance for providers of child care services and youth program services for dependents.

Sec. 624. Priority for certain military family housing to a member of the Armed Forces whose spouse agrees to provide family home day care services.

Sec. 625. Study on feasibility of TSP contributions by military spouses.

Sec. 626. Gold star families parks pass.

Sec. 627. Modification to first division monument.

Sec. 628. Cheryl Lankford memorial expansion of assistance for Gold Star spouses and other dependents.

Sec. 629. Extension of Commissary and Exchange Benefits for Surviving Remarried Spouses With Dependent Children of a Member of the Armed Forces Who Dies While on Active Duty or Certain Reserve Duty.

Sec. 631 . Base responders essential needs and dining access.

Sec. 632. First responder access to mobile exchanges.

Sec. 633. Updated business case analysis for consolidation of the defense resale system.

Sec. 641. Maintenance of funding for Stars and Stripes.

Sec. 642. Basic allowance for housing.

Sec. 701. Expansion of mental health assessments for members of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 702. Mandatory referral for mental health evaluation.

Sec. 703. Assessments and testing relating to exposure to perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances.

Sec. 704. Improvement to breast cancer screening.

Sec. 705. Waiver of fees charged to certain civilians for emergency medical treatment provided at military medical treatment facilities.

Sec. 706. Expansion of benefits available under TRICARE Extended Care Health Option program.

Sec. 707. Provision of hearing aids for dependents of certain members of the reserve components.

Sec. 711. Protection of the Armed Forces from infectious diseases.

Sec. 712. Inclusion of drugs, biological products, and critical medical supplies in national security strategy for national technology and industrial base.

Sec. 713. Contract authority of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences.

Sec. 714. Extension of organization requirements for Defense Health Agency.

Sec. 715. Modification to limitation on the realignment or reduction of military medical manning end strength.

Sec. 716. Modifications to implementation plan for restructure or realignment of military medical treatment facilities.

Sec. 717. Policy to address opioid prescription abuse prevention.

Sec. 718. Addition of burn pit registration to electronic health records of members of the Armed Forces and veterans.

Sec. 719. Maintenance of certain medical services at military medical treatment facilities at Service Academies.

Sec. 720. Extramedical maternal health providers demonstration project.

Sec. 721. COVID–19 military health system review panel.

Sec. 722. COVID–19 global war on pandemics.

Sec. 723. Registry of TRICARE beneficiaries diagnosed with COVID–19.

Sec. 724. Pandemic health assessments evaluate exposure to open burn pits and toxic airborne chemicals.

Sec. 725. Provision of information regarding COVID–19 in multiple languages.

Sec. 726. Study of substance use disorders among members of the Armed Forces and veterans during the COVID–19 public health emergency.

Sec. 731. Modifications to pilot program on civilian and military partnerships to enhance interoperability and medical surge capability and capacity of national disaster medical system.

Sec. 732. Reports on suicide among members of the Armed Forces and suicide prevention programs and activities of the Department of Defense.

Sec. 733. Clarification of research under Joint Trauma Education and Training Directorate and inclusion of military working dogs.

Sec. 734. Extension of the Joint Department of Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration Project.

Sec. 735. Information sharing by Secretary of Defense regarding prevention of infant and maternal mortality.

Sec. 736. Grant program for increased cooperation on post-traumatic stress disorder research between United States and Israel.

Sec. 737. Pilot program on cryopreservation and storage.

Sec. 738. Pilot program on parents serving as certified nursing assistants for children under TRICARE program.

Sec. 739. Study on incidence of cancer diagnosis and mortality among pilots in the Armed Forces.

Sec. 740. Report on diet and nutrition of members of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 741. Report on costs and benefits of allowing retired members of the Armed Forces to contribute to health savings accounts.

Sec. 742. Study on toxic exposure at Karshi–Khanabad Air Base, Uzbekistan.

Sec. 743. Audit of medical conditions of tenants in privatized military housing.

Sec. 744. Report on Integrated Disability Evaluation System.

Sec. 745. Review and report on prevention of suicide among members of the Armed Forces stationed at remote installations outside the contiguous United States.

Sec. 746. Antimicrobial stewardship staffing at medical treatment facilities of the Department of Defense.

Sec. 747. Report on chiropractic care for dependents and retirees under the TRICARE program.

Sec. 748. Study on medevac helicopters and ambulances at military installations.

Sec. 749. Funding for pancreatic cancer research.

Sec. 750. Report on mental health treatment relating to pregnancy.

Sec. 750A. Report on cost of extending TRICARE coverage to individuals participating in Health Professions Scholarship and Financial Assistance Program.

Sec. 750B. Report on health care records of dependents who later seek to serve as a member of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 750C. Briefing on extension of TRICARE Prime to eligible beneficiaries in Puerto Rico and other United States territories.

Sec. 750D. Funding for post-traumatic stress disorder.

Sec. 750E. Increased collaboration with NIH to combat triple negative breast cancer.

Sec. 750F. Study on readiness contracts and the prevention of drug shortages.

Sec. 750G. Findings and sense of Congress on musculoskeletal injuries.

Sec. 750H. Wounded Warrior Service Dog Program.

Sec. 750I. Sense of congress regarding maternal mortality review.

Sec. 750J. Report on lapses in TRICARE coverage for members of the National Guard and reserve components.

Sec. 750K. Study and report on increasing telehealth services across Armed Forces.

Sec. 750L. Study on joint deployment formulary.

Sec. 751. Short title.

Sec. 752. Expansion of eligibility for readjustment counseling and related outpatient services from Department of Veterans Affairs to include members of reserve components of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 753. Provision of mental health services from Department of Veterans Affairs to members of reserve components of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 754. Inclusion of members of reserve components in mental health programs of Department of Veterans Affairs.

Sec. 755. Report on mental health and related services provided by Department of Veterans Affairs to members of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 756. Pilot program on sleep apnea among new recruits.

Sec. 757. Report on research and studies on health effects of burn pits.

Sec. 758. Mandatory training on health effects of burn pits.

Sec. 759. Inclusion of information on exposure to open burn pits in postdeployment health reassessments.

Sec. 760. Expansion of scope of Department of Veterans Affairs open burn pit registry to include open burn pits in Egypt and Syria.

Sec. 761. Pilot program on treatment of certain members of the Armed Forces impacted by traumatic brain injury and other associated health factors that influence long-term brain health and performance.

Sec. 801. Congressional notification of termination of a middle tier acquisition program.

Sec. 802. Modification to the definition of nontraditional defense contractor.

Sec. 803. Major weapon systems: life-cycle sustainment plan.

Sec. 804. Contractor business systems.

Sec. 805. Acquisition authority of the Director of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.

Sec. 806. Reforming the Department of Defense.

Sec. 807. Alternative Space Acquisition System for the United States Space Force.

Sec. 811. Sustainment reform for the Department of Defense.

Sec. 812. Modifications to Comptroller General assessment of acquisition programs and related initiatives.

Sec. 813. Contractor whistleblower protections relating to nondisclosure agreements.

Sec. 814. Competition requirements for purchases from Federal Prison Industries.

Sec. 815. Disclosure of beneficial owners in database for Federal agency contract and grant officers.

Sec. 816. Inclusion of optical transmission components in the analytical framework for supply chain risks.

Sec. 817. Amendment to definition of qualified apprentice.

Sec. 818. Contract closeout authority for services contracts.

Sec. 819. Plan to improve Department-wide management of investments in weapon systems.

Sec. 820. Documentation pertaining to commercial item determinations.

Sec. 820A. Guidelines and resources on the acquisition or licensing of intellectual property.

Sec. 820B. Requirements concerning former Department of Defense officials and lobbying activities.

Sec. 820C. Commercial product determination applies to components and support services.

Sec. 821. Quarterly national technology and industrial base briefings.

Sec. 822. Expansion on the prohibition on acquiring certain metal products.

Sec. 823. Requirement that certain ship components be manufactured in the national technology and industrial base.

Sec. 824. Preference for sourcing rare earth materials from the national technology and industrial base.

Sec. 825. Enhanced domestic content requirement for major defense acquisition programs.

Sec. 826. Additional requirements pertaining to printed circuit boards.

Sec. 827. Report on use of domestic nonavailability determinations.

Sec. 828. Sense of Congress on the prohibition on certain telecommunications and video surveillance services or equipment.

Sec. 829. Domestic sourcing requirements for aluminum.

Sec. 830. Report on aluminum refining, processing, and manufacturing.

Sec. 830A. Briefing on the supply chain for small unmanned aircraft system components.

Sec. 830B. Prohibition on procurement or operation of foreign-made unmanned aircraft systems.

Sec. 830C. Sense of Congress on gaps or vulnerabilities in the national technology and industrial base.

Sec. 830D. Report on partnerships for rare earth material supply chain security.

Sec. 831. Transfer of verification of small business concerns owned and controlled by veterans or service-disabled veterans to the Small Business Administration.

Sec. 832. Equitable adjustments to certain construction contracts.

Sec. 833. Exemption of certain contracts awarded to small business concerns from category management requirements.

Sec. 834. Report on accelerated payments to certain small business concerns.

Sec. 835. Extension of participation in 8(a) program.

Sec. 836. Past performance ratings of certain small business concerns.

Sec. 837. Category management training.

Sec. 838. Small businesses in territories of the United States.

Sec. 839. Eligibility of the commonwealth of the northern mariana islands for certain small business administration programs.

Sec. 840. Boots to Business Program.

Sec. 840A. Employment size standard requirements.

Sec. 841. Modifications to supervision and award of certain contracts.

Sec. 842. Amendments to submissions to Congress relating to certain foreign military sales.

Sec. 843. Revisions to requirement to use firm fixed-price contracts for foreign military sales.

Sec. 844. Small Business Industrial Base Resiliency Program.

Sec. 845. Requirements relating to reports and limitations on the availability of funds.

Sec. 846. Assessment of the requirements processes of the military departments.

Sec. 847. Report on transfer and consolidation of certain defense acquisition statutes.

Sec. 848. Prohibition on contracting with persons with willful or repeated violations of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.

Sec. 849. Reestablishment of Commission on Wartime Contracting.

Sec. 850. Report on certain contracts relating to construction or maintenance of a border wall.

Sec. 851. Congressional oversight of private security contractor contracts.

Sec. 852. Revisions to the Unified Facilities Criteria regarding the use of variable refrigerant flow systems.

Sec. 901. Repeal of position of Chief Management Officer.

Sec. 902. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Industrial Base Policy.

Sec. 903. Assignment of responsibility for the Arctic region within the Office of the Secretary of Defense.

Sec. 911. Limitation on reduction of civilian workforce.

Sec. 912. Chief Diversity Officers.

Sec. 913. Establishment of Deputy Assistant Secretaries for Sustainment.

Sec. 914. Office of Defense Community Cooperation and Economic Adjustment.

Sec. 915. Input from Chief of National Guard Bureau to the Joint Requirements Oversight Council.

Sec. 916. Redesignation of the Joint Forces Staff College.

Sec. 917. Reporting on post-JAIC assignment.

Sec. 918. Comptroller General report on vulnerabilities of the Department of Defense resulting from offshore technical support call centers.

Sec. 919. Limitation on consolidation or transition to alternative content delivery methods within the Defense Media Activity.

Sec. 921. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Space and Strategic Deterrence Policy.

Sec. 922. Office of the Chief of Space Operations.

Sec. 923. Space Force Medal.

Sec. 924. Clarification of procurement of commercial satellite communications services.

Sec. 925. Temporary exemption from authorized daily average of members in pay grades E–8 and E–9.

Sec. 926. One-time uniform allowance for members transferred to the Space Force.

Sec. 927. Rank and grade structure of the United States Space Force.

Sec. 928. Report on the role of the Naval Postgraduate School in space education.

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.

Sec. 1002. Determination of budgetary effects.

Sec. 1003. Pandemic Preparedness and Resilience National Security Fund.

Sec. 1004. Budget materials for special operations forces.

Sec. 1005. Department of Defense audit remediation plan.

Sec. 1006. Public availability of Department of Defense legislative proposals.

Sec. 1011. Support for counterdrug activities and activities to counter transnational organized crime affecting flow of drugs into the United States.

Sec. 1012. Congressional notification with respect to Department of Defense support provided to other United States agencies for counterdrug activities and activities to counter transnational organized crime.

Sec. 1021. Limitation on availability of certain funds without naval vessels plan and certification.

Sec. 1022. Limitations on use of funds in the National Defense Sealift Fund for purchase of foreign constructed vessels.

Sec. 1023. Use of National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund for incrementally funded contracts to provide full funding for Columbia class submarines.

Sec. 1024. Preference for United States vessels in transporting supplies by sea.

Sec. 1025. Restrictions on overhaul, repair, etc. of naval vessels in foreign shipyards.

Sec. 1026. Biannual report on shipbuilder training and the defense industrial base.

Sec. 1027. Prohibition on use of funds for retirement of certain littoral combat ships.

Sec. 1028. Report on implementation of Commandant’s Planning Guidance.

Sec. 1029. Limitation on naval force structure changes.

Sec. 1031. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of individuals detained at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.

Sec. 1032. Annual report on use of social media by foreign terrorist organizations.

Sec. 1041. Support of special operations to combat terrorism.

Sec. 1042. Prohibition on retirement of nuclear powered aircraft carriers before first refueling.

Sec. 1043. Required minimum inventory of tactical airlift aircraft.

Sec. 1044. Modification and technical correction to Department of Defense authority to provide assistance along the southern land border of the United States.

Sec. 1045. Battlefield airborne communications node certification requirement.

Sec. 1046. Requirements relating to newest generations of personal protective equipment.

Sec. 1047. Prohibition on use of funds for retirement of A–10 aircraft.

Sec. 1048. Mandatory criteria for strategic basing decisions.

Sec. 1049. Limitation on use of funds pending public availability of top-line numbers of deployed members of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 1050. Limitation on physical move, integration, reassignment, or shift in responsibility of Marine Forces Northern Command.

Sec. 1051. Conditions for permanently basing United States equipment or additional forces in host countries with at-risk vendors in 5G or 6G networks.

Sec. 1052. Curtailing Insurrection Act Violations of Individuals’ Liberties.

Sec. 1053. Prohibition on use of funds for discriminatory algorithmic decisionmaking systems.

Sec. 1054. Inclusion of explosive ordnance disposal in special operations activities.

Sec. 1055. Requirements in connection with use of personnel other than the militia or the Armed Forces to suppress interference with State and Federal law.

Sec. 1056. Limitation on deactivation, unmanning, or selling of Army watercraft assets pending comprehensive analysis of mobility requirements and capabilities.

Sec. 1101. Family and medical leave amendments.

Sec. 1102. Limitation on authority to exclude employees from chapter 71 of title 5.

Sec. 1103. Authority to provide travel and transportation allowances in connection with transfer ceremonies of department of defense and coast guard civilian employees who die overseas.

Sec. 1104. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation on premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for federal civilian employees working overseas.

Sec. 1105. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian personnel on official duty in a combat zone.

Sec. 1106. Limiting the number of local wage areas defined within a pay locality.

Sec. 1107. Civilian Faculty At the Defense Security Cooperation University and Institute of Security Governance.

Sec. 1108. Expansion of authority for appointment of recently-retired members of the armed forces to positions at certain industrial base facilities.

Sec. 1109. Fire Fighters Alternative Work Schedule demonstration project.

Sec. 1110. Special rules for certain monthly workers’ compensation payments and other payments for Federal Government personnel under chief of mission authority.

Sec. 1111. Restoration of annual leave due to a pandemic.

Sec. 1112. Prohibition on downloading or using TikTok by Federal employees.

Sec. 1113. Telework travel expenses program of the United States Patent and Trademark Office.

Sec. 1114. Extension of rate of overtime pay authority for Department of the Navy employees performing work aboard or dockside in support of the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier forward deployed in Japan.

Sec. 1115. Vacancy of Inspector General positions.

Sec. 1121. Short title.

Sec. 1122. Sense of Congress.

Sec. 1123. Notification of violation.

Sec. 1124. Reporting requirements.

Sec. 1125. Data to be posted by employing Federal agencies.

Sec. 1126. Data to be posted by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

Sec. 1127. Notification and Federal Employee Antidiscrimination and Retaliation Act of 2002 amendments.

Sec. 1128. Nondisclosure agreement limitation.

Sec. 1131. Short title.

Sec. 1132. National Cyber Director.

Sec. 1201. Modification and extension of support of special operations for irregular warfare.

Sec. 1202. Department of Defense participation in European Program on Multilateral Exchange of Surface Transportation Services.

Sec. 1203. Extension of authority to transfer excess high mobility multipurpose wheeled vehicles to foreign countries.

Sec. 1204. Modification and extension of update of Department of Defense Freedom of Navigation Report.

Sec. 1205. Extension of report on workforce development.

Sec. 1206. Report on human rights and building partner capacity programs.

Sec. 1207. Extension of Department of Defense support for stabilization activities in national security interest of the United States.

Sec. 1211. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of certain coalition nations for support provided to United States military operations.

Sec. 1212. Extension of the Afghan Special Immigrant Visa Program.

Sec. 1213. Limitation on use of funds to reduce deployment to Afghanistan.

Sec. 1214. Report on Operation Freedom Sentinel.

Sec. 1215. Modifications to immunity from seizure under judicial process of cultural objects.

Sec. 1216. Strategy for post-conflict engagement by the United States in Afghanistan.

Sec. 1217. Congressional oversight of United States talks with Taliban officials and Afghanistan’s comprehensive peace process.

Sec. 1218. Report on civilian casualties in Afghanistan.

Sec. 1221. Extension and modification of authority to provide assistance to counter the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.

Sec. 1222. Extension of authority to provide assistance to the vetted Syrian opposition.

Sec. 1223. Extension of authority to support operations and activities of the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq.

Sec. 1224. Prohibition on provision of weapons and other forms of support to certain organizations.

Sec. 1225. Consolidated budget display and report on Operation Spartan Shield.

Sec. 1226. Sense of Congress on Peshmerga forces as a partner in Operation Inherent Resolve.

Sec. 1227. Report on the threat posed by Iranian-backed militias in Iraq.

Sec. 1231. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty of the Russian Federation over Crimea.

Sec. 1232. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the United States and the Russian Federation.

Sec. 1233. Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative.

Sec. 1234. United States participation in the Open Skies Treaty.

Sec. 1235. Sense of Congress on support for Ukraine.

Sec. 1236. Report on presence of Russian military forces in other foreign countries.

Sec. 1237. Sense of Congress on the Open Skies Treaty.

Sec. 1238. Countering Russian and Other Overseas Kleptocracy.

Sec. 1239. Report on threats to the United States Armed Forces from the Russian Federation.

Sec. 1241. Limitations on use of funds to reduce the total number of members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty who are stationed in Germany, to reduce the total number of members of the Armed Forces stationed in Europe, and to divest military infrastructure in Europe.

Sec. 1242. Sense of Congress reaffirming the commitment of the United States to NATO.

Sec. 1243. Sense of Congress on support for coordinated action to ensure the security of Baltic allies.

Sec. 1244. Sense of Congress on support for Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.

Sec. 1245. Sense of Congress on support for Georgia.

Sec. 1246. Sense of Congress on burden sharing by partners and allies.

Sec. 1247. Sense of Congress on NATO’s response to the COVID–19 pandemic.

Sec. 1248. Clarification and expansion of sanctions relating to construction of Nord Stream 2 or Turkstream pipeline projects.

Sec. 1249. Coordination of stockpiles with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and other allies.

Sec. 1251. Indo-Pacific Reassurance Initiative.

Sec. 1252. Limitation on use of funds to reduce the total number of members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty who are deployed to South Korea.

Sec. 1253. Implementation of GAO recommendations on preparedness of United States forces to counter North Korean chemical and biological weapons.

Sec. 1254. Public reporting of Chinese military companies operating in the United States.

Sec. 1255. Independent study on the defense industrial base of the People’s Republic of China.

Sec. 1256. Deterrence strategy against Chinese-origin cyber attacks.

Sec. 1257. Report on China’s One Belt, One Road Initiative in Africa.

Sec. 1258. Sense of Congress on enhancement of the United States-Taiwan defense relationship.

Sec. 1259. Report on supply chain security cooperation with Taiwan.

Sec. 1260. Report on United States-Taiwan medical security partnership.

Sec. 1260A. Report on United Front Work Department.

Sec. 1260B. Sense of Congress on cross-border violence between the People’s Republic of China and India and the growing territorial claims of China.

Sec. 1260C. Sense of Congress on United States commitments to Pacific allies.

Sec. 1260D. Restrictions on export, reexport, and in-country transfers of certain items that provide a critical capability to the Government of the People’s Republic of China to suppress individual privacy, freedom, and other basic human rights.

Sec. 1260E. Prohibition on commercial export of covered defense articles and services and covered munitions items to the Hong Kong Police.

Sec. 1260F. Southeast Asia Strategy.

Sec. 1260G. Sense of Congress on strategic security relationship between the United States and Mongolia.

Sec. 1261. Provision of goods and services to Kwajalein Atoll.

Sec. 1262. Annual briefings on certain foreign military bases of adversaries.

Sec. 1263. Report on progress of the Department of Defense with respect to denying a fait accompli by a strategic competitor against a covered defense partner.

Sec. 1264. Modification to requirements of the initiative to support protection of national security academic researchers from undue influence and other security threats.

Sec. 1265. Report on directed use of fishing fleets.

Sec. 1266. Expanding the state partnership program in Africa.

Sec. 1267. Report relating to reduction in the total number of United States Armed Forces deployed to United States Africa Command area of responsibility.

Sec. 1268. Report on enhancing partnerships between the United States and African countries.

Sec. 1269. Sense of Congress with respect to Qatar.

Sec. 1270. Sense of Congress on United States military support for and participation in the Multinational Force and Observers.

Sec. 1271. Report on us military support of the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen.

Sec. 1272. Prohibition on support for military participation against the Houthis.

Sec. 1273. Rule of construction relating to use of military force.

Sec. 1274. Countering white identity terrorism globally.

Sec. 1275. Yemen.

Sec. 1276. Establishment of the Office of Subnational Diplomacy.

Sec. 1277. Report and strategy to address gross violations of human rights and civilian harm in Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger.

Sec. 1278. Assessment of effectiveness of United States policies relating to exports of United States-origin Unmanned Aerial Systems that are assessed to be “Category I” items under the Missile Technology Control Regime.

Sec. 1279. Sense of Congress on the United States Israel relationship.

Sec. 1280. Feasibility study on increased rotational deployments to Greece and enhancement of United States-Greece diplomatic engagement.

Sec. 1281. Report on internally displaced peoples in Ukraine, Georgia, Moldova, and Azerbaijan.

Sec. 1282. Sense of Congress on cross-border violence in the Galwan Valley and the growing territorial claims of the People’s Republic of China.

Sec. 1283. Enhancing Engagement with the Caribbean.

Sec. 1284. Amendments to annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices.

Sec. 1285. Establishment of National Commission on U.S. Counterterrorism Policy.

Sec. 1286. Program to prevent, mitigate, and respond to civilian harm as a result of military operations in Somalia.

Sec. 1287. Sense of Congress regarding Japan and SMA report draft.

Sec. 1288. Sense of Congress relating to Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam.

Sec. 1289. Report on all comprehensive sanctions imposed on foreign governments.

Sec. 1290. Limitation on assistance to Brazil.

Sec. 1291. United States Agency for Global Media.

Sec. 1292. Determination and imposition of sanctions with respect to Turkey’s acquisition of the S–400 air and missile defense system.

Sec. 1293. Report on incidents of arbitrary detention, violence, and state-sanctioned harassment by the Government of Egypt against United States citizens and their family members who are not United States citizens.

Sec. 1294. Establishment of the Open Technology Fund.

Sec. 1295. Sense of Congress on payment of amounts owed by Kuwait to United States medical institutions.

Sec. 1296. Protection and promotion of internationally recognized human rights during the novel coronavirus pandemic.

Sec. 1297. Review of Department of Defense compliance with “Principles Related to the Protection of Medical Care Provided by Impartial Humanitarian Organizations During Armed Conflicts”.

Sec. 1298. Promoting human rights in Colombia.

Sec. 1299. Waiver of passport fees for certain individuals.

Sec. 1299A. Report on Venezuela.

Sec. 1299B. Prohibition on use of funds for aerial fumigation.

Sec. 1299C. Report on support for democratic reforms by the Government of the Republic of Georgia.

Sec. 1299D. Assessment on modernization targets of the People’s Liberation Army.

Sec. 1299E. Mitigation and prevention of atrocities in high-risk countries.

Sec. 1299F. Resumption of Peace Corps operations.

Sec. 1299G. Transfer of excess naval vessels to the Government of Egypt.

Sec. 1299H. Limitation on production of nuclear proliferation assessment statements.

Sec. 1299I. Report on Mexican Security Forces.

Sec. 1299J. Matters relating to Cooperative Threat Reduction programs and weapons of mass destruction terrorism.

Sec. 1299K. Certification relating to assistance for Guatemala.

Sec. 1299L. Report on foreign influence campaigns targeting United States Federal elections.

Sec. 1299M–1. Short title.

Sec. 1299M–2. Sense of Congress.

Sec. 1299M–3. Assistance to improve early childhood outcomes globally.

Sec. 1299M–4. Special advisor for assistance to orphans and vulnerable children.

Sec. 1299M–5. Rule of construction.

Sec. 1299N–1. Short title.

Sec. 1299N–2. Global Health Security Agenda Interagency Review Council.

Sec. 1299N–3. United States Coordinator for Global Health Security.

Sec. 1299N–4. Strategy and reports.

Sec. 1299N–5. Compliance with the Foreign Aid Transparency and Accountability Act of 2016.

Sec. 1299N–6. Definitions.

Sec. 1299N–7. Sunset.

Sec. 1299O–1. Short title.

Sec. 1299O–2. Assistance for United States nationals unlawfully or wrongfully detained abroad.

Sec. 1299O–3. Special Envoy for Hostage Affairs.

Sec. 1299O–4. Hostage Recovery Fusion Cell.

Sec. 1299O–5. Hostage Response Group.

Sec. 1299O–6. Authorization of imposition of sanctions.

Sec. 1299O–7. Definitions.

Sec. 1299O–8. Rule of construction.

Sec. 1299P–1. Actions to advance prosperity in the Northern Triangle.

Sec. 1299P–2. Actions to combat corruption in the Northern Triangle.

Sec. 1299P–3. Actions to strengthen democratic institutions in the Northern Triangle.

Sec. 1299P–4. Actions to improve security conditions in the Northern Triangle.

Sec. 1299P–5. Targeted sanctions to fight corruption in the Northern Triangle.

Sec. 1299P–6. Definitions.

Sec. 1299Q–1. Foreign military loan authority.

Sec. 1299Q–2. Authorization of rewards for providing information on foreign election interference.

Sec. 1299Q–3. Report on NATO member contributions.

Sec. 1299Q–4. Report on capability and capacity requirements of military forces of Ukraine and resource plan for security assistance.

Sec. 1299Q–5. Efforts to counter malign authoritarian influence.

Sec. 1299R–1. Short title.

Sec. 1299R–2. Definitions.

Sec. 1299R–3. Statement of policy.

Sec. 1299R–4. Support for democratic governance, rule of law, human rights, and fundamental freedoms.

Sec. 1299R–5. Support for development programs.

Sec. 1299R–6. Support for conflict mitigation.

Sec. 1299R–7. Support for accountability for war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide in Sudan.

Sec. 1299R–8. Suspension of assistance.

Sec. 1299R–9. Multilateral assistance.

Sec. 1299R–10. Coordinated support to recover assets stolen from the Sudanese people.

Sec. 1299R–11. Limitation on assistance to the Sudanese security and intelligence services.

Sec. 1299R–12. Authorization of imposition of sanctions with respect to certain Government of Sudan officials and other individuals.

Sec. 1299R–13. Reports.

Sec. 1299R–14. United States strategy for support to a civilian-led government in Sudan.

Sec. 1299R–15. Amendments to the Darfur Peace and Accountability Act of 2006.

Sec. 1299R–16. Repeal of Sudan Peace Act and the Comprehensive Peace in Sudan Act.

Sec. 1299S–1. Short title.

Sec. 1299S–2. Public availability of data pertaining to measures of performance of the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces.

Sec. 1299S–3. District-level stability assessments of Afghan government and insurgent control and influence.

Sec. 1299T–1. Short title.

Sec. 1299T–2. Sense of Congress.

Sec. 1299T–3. Annual deadline for trafficking in persons report.

Sec. 1299T–4. United States Advisory Council on Human Trafficking.

Sec. 1299T–5. Timely provision of information to the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons of the Department of State.

Sec. 1299T–6. Reports to Congress.

Sec. 1299T–7. Definitions.

Sec. 1301. Funding allocations; specification of cooperative threat reduction funds.

Sec. 1302. Sense of Congress regarding biological threat reduction and cooperative biological engagement of the Cooperative Threat Reduction Program.

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.

Sec. 1402. Chemical agents and munitions destruction, defense.

Sec. 1403. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.

Sec. 1404. Defense Inspector General.

Sec. 1405. Defense health program.

Sec. 1406. National defense sealift fund.

Sec. 1411. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs medical facility demonstration fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health Care Center, Illinois.

Sec. 1412. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement Home.

Sec. 1501. Purpose.

Sec. 1502. Procurement.

Sec. 1503. Research, development, test, and evaluation.

Sec. 1504. Operation and maintenance.

Sec. 1505. Military personnel.

Sec. 1506. Working capital funds.

Sec. 1507. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.

Sec. 1508. Defense Inspector General.

Sec. 1509. Defense Health Program.

Sec. 1511. Treatment as additional authorizations.

Sec. 1512. Special transfer authority.

Sec. 1521. Afghanistan security forces fund.

Sec. 1522. Report on transitioning funding.

Sec. 1601. National Security Space Launch program.

Sec. 1602. Requirement to buy certain satellite component from national technology and industrial base.

Sec. 1603. Commercial space domain awareness capabilities.

Sec. 1604. Responsive satellite infrastructure.

Sec. 1605. Policy to ensure launch of small-class payloads.

Sec. 1606. Tactically responsive space launch operations.

Sec. 1607. Limitation on availability of funds for prototype program for multi-global navigation satellite system receiver development.

Sec. 1608. Limitation on awarding contracts to entities operating commercial terrestrial communication networks that cause interference with the Global Positioning System.

Sec. 1609. Prohibition on availability of funds for certain purposes relating to the Global Positioning System.

Sec. 1610. Report on resilient protected communications satellites.

Sec. 1610A. Permanent personnel management authority for Space Development Agency for experts in science and engineering.

Sec. 1610B. Report on effect of COVID–19 on space industrial base and space programs of Department of Defense.

Sec. 1610C. Satellite ground network frequency licensing.

Sec. 1611. Validation of capability requirements of National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency.

Sec. 1612. Safety of navigation mission of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency.

Sec. 1613. National Academies Climate Security Roundtable.

Sec. 1614. Report on risk to national security posed by quantum computing technologies.

Sec. 1621. Cyber mission forces and cyberspace operations forces.

Sec. 1622. Cyberspace solarium commission.

Sec. 1623. Tailored cyberspace operations organizations.

Sec. 1624. Responsibility for the Sector Risk Management Agency function of the Department of Defense.

Sec. 1625. Department of Defense Cyber Workforce Efforts.

Sec. 1626. Reporting requirements for cross domain compromises and exemptions to policies for information technology.

Sec. 1627. Assessing private-public collaboration in cybersecurity.

Sec. 1628. Cyber capabilities and interoperability of the National Guard.

Sec. 1629. Evaluation of non-traditional cyber support to the Department of Defense.

Sec. 1630. Establishment of integrated cyber center.

Sec. 1631. Cyber threat information collaboration environment.

Sec. 1632. Defense industrial base participation in a threat intelligence sharing program.

Sec. 1633. Assistance for small manufacturers in the defense industrial supply chain on matters relating to cybersecurity.

Sec. 1634. Defense industrial base cybersecurity threat hunting and sensing, discovery, and mitigation.

Sec. 1635. Defense Digital Service.

Sec. 1636. Limitation of funding for National Defense University.

Sec. 1637. Critical infrastructure cyber incident reporting procedures.

Sec. 1638. Funding for National Center for Hardware and Embedded Systems Security and Trust.

Sec. 1639. Strengthening Federal networks.

Sec. 1640. DOD Cyber Hygiene and Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification Framework.

Sec. 1640A. Subpoena authority.

Sec. 1640B. Extension of sunset for pilot program on regional cybersecurity training center for the Army National Guard.

Sec. 1640C. CISA Cybersecurity Support to Agencies.

Sec. 1640D. Establishment in DHS of joint cyber planning office.

Sec. 1640E. Implementation of certain cybersecurity recommendations; cyber hygiene and Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification Framework.

Sec. 1640F. Biennial national cyber exercise.

Sec. 1641. Coordination in transfer of funds by Department of Defense to National Nuclear Security Administration.

Sec. 1642. Exercises of nuclear command, control, and communications system.

Sec. 1643. Independent studies on nuclear weapons programs of certain foreign states.

Sec. 1644. Role of Secretary of Defense and Secretary of Energy on Nuclear Weapons Council.

Sec. 1645. Limitation on availability of funds relating to updates on meetings held by Nuclear Weapons Council.

Sec. 1646. Briefing on nuclear weapons storage and maintenance facilities of the Air Force.

Sec. 1651. Extension and modification of requirement for Comptroller General of the United States review and assessment of missile defense acquisition programs.

Sec. 1652. Extension of transition of ballistic missile defense programs to military departments.

Sec. 1653. Development of hypersonic and ballistic missile tracking space sensor payload.

Sec. 1654. Annual certification on hypersonic and ballistic missile tracking space sensor payload.

Sec. 1655. Alignment of the Missile Defense Agency within the Department of Defense.

Sec. 1656. Analysis of alternatives for homeland missile defense missions.

Sec. 1657. Next generation interceptors.

Sec. 1658. Oversight of next generation interceptor program.

Sec. 1659. Missile defense cooperation between the United States and Israel.

Sec. 1660. Report on defense of Guam from integrated air and missile threats.

Sec. 1661. Report on cruise missile defense.

Sec. 1671. Conventional prompt global strike.

Sec. 1672. Submission of reports under Missile Defense Review and Nuclear Posture Review.

Sec. 1673. Report on consideration of risks of inadvertent escalation to nuclear war.

Sec. 1674. Limitation on availability of funds relating to reports on missile systems and arms control treaties.

Sec. 1675. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency review.

Sec. 1701. Review of support of special operations to combat terrorism.

Sec. 1702. FFRDC study of explosive ordnance disposal agencies.

Sec. 1703. Report on the Human Rights Office at United States Southern Command.

Sec. 1704. Report on joint training range exercises for the Pacific region.

Sec. 1705. Study on Chinese policies and influence in the development of international standards for emerging technologies.

Sec. 1706. Sense of Congress and strategy on catastrophic critical infrastructure failure response.

Sec. 1707. GAO study on the school-to-prison pipeline.

Sec. 1708. Department of Veterans Affairs report on unclaimed property.

Sec. 1709. Report regarding veterans who receive benefits under laws administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.

Sec. 1710. GAO report on ZTE compliance with settlement agreement.

Sec. 1710A. GAO study of cybersecurity insurance.

Sec. 1710B. Report on recognition of African American servicemembers in Department of Defense naming practices.

Sec. 1710C. Report on Government police training and equipping programs.

Sec. 1710D. Deepfake report.

Sec. 1710E. Study on unemployment rate of women veterans who served on active duty in the Armed Forces after September 11, 2001.

Sec. 1710F. Report on the Oklahoma City National Memorial.

Sec. 1710G. Reports on military service academies.

Sec. 1710H. Independent study on identifying and addressing threats that individually or collectively affect national security, financial security, or both.

Sec. 1710I. Maritime security and domain awareness.

Sec. 1710J. Comptroller General report on Department of Defense processes for responding to congressional reporting requirements.

Sec. 1710K. Report on predatory social media and the military community.

Sec. 1710L. Report on transforming business processes for revolutionary change.

Sec. 1710M. Review and Report of experimentation with ticks and insects.

Sec. 1710N. Report on agile program and project management.

Sec. 1711. Short title.

Sec. 1712. Preservation of electronic messages and other records.

Sec. 1713. Presidential records.

Sec. 1721. Short title.

Sec. 1722. Findings.

Sec. 1723. Report; strategy.

Sec. 1731. Cooperation with Department of Homeland Security.

Sec. 1732. AMBER Alerts along major transportation routes.

Sec. 1733. AMBER Alert communication plans in the territories.

Sec. 1734. Government Accountability Office report.

Sec. 1741. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.

Sec. 1742. Addition of Chief of the National Guard Bureau to the list of officers providing reports of unfunded priorities.

Sec. 1743. Acceptance of property by military academies and museums.

Sec. 1744. Reauthorization of National Oceanographic Partnership Program.

Sec. 1745. Requirements relating to program and project management.

Sec. 1746. Quarterly briefings on Joint All Domain Command and Control concept.

Sec. 1747. Resources to implement a Department of Defense policy on civilian casualties in connection with United States military operations.

Sec. 1748. Sense of Congress regarding reporting of civilian casualties resulting from United States military operations.

Sec. 1749. Prohibition of public display of Confederate battle flag on Department of Defense property.

Sec. 1750. Deployment of real-time status of special use airspace.

Sec. 1751. Duties of Secretary under Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act.

Sec. 1752. Publicly available database of casualties of members of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 1753. Notice and comment for proposed actions of the Secretary of Defense relating to food and beverage ingredients.

Sec. 1754. Space strategies and assessment.

Sec. 1755. Nonimmigrant status for certain nationals of Portugal.

Sec. 1756. Sense of Congress on extension of limitations on importation of uranium from Russian Federation.

Sec. 1757. Authority to establish a movement coordination center pacific in the Indopacific region.

Sec. 1758. Establishment of vetting procedures and monitoring requirements for certain military training.

Sec. 1759. Women, Peace, and Security Act implementation.

Sec. 1760. Developing crisis capabilities to meet needs for homeland security-critical supplies.

Sec. 1761. Establishment of western emergency refined petroleum products reserve.

Sec. 1762. Foreign state computer intrusions.

Sec. 1763. Online and distance education classes and nonimmigrant visas.

Sec. 1764. Transfer of Mare Island Naval Cemetery to Secretary of Veterans Affairs for maintenance by National Cemetery Administration.

Sec. 1765. Mitigation of helicopter noise.

Sec. 1766. Department of Defense support for certain sporting events.

Sec. 1767. Pilot program for online real estate inventory tool.

Sec. 1768. Establishment of Southern New England Regional Commission.

Sec. 1769. FedRamp Authorization Act.

Sec. 1770. Taxpayers Right-To-Know Act.

Sec. 1771. Building United States capacity for verification and manufacturing of advanced microelectronics.

Sec. 1772. Threshold for reporting additions to toxics release inventory.

Sec. 1773. Hemp products.

Sec. 1774. Exemption from Paperwork Reduction Act.

Sec. 1775. Support for the designation of National Borinqueneers Day.

Sec. 1776. Temporary relief for private student loan borrowers.

Sec. 1777. Support for national maritime heritage grants program.

Sec. 1778. Extension of time to review World War I Valor Medals.

Sec. 1779. Ensuring Chinese debt transparency.

Sec. 1780. Strategy to secure email.

Sec. 1781. Report on threat posed by domestic terrorists.

Sec. 1782. Domestic procurement of tungsten and tungsten powder.

Sec. 1783. Department of defense mechanism for provision of dissenting views.

Sec. 1784. Sector Risk Management Agencies.

Sec. 1785. Integration of members of the Armed Forces who are minorities.

Sec. 1786. Policy on conscious and unconscious gender bias.

Sec. 1787. Protections for pregnant members of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 1788. Release of Department of Defense documents on the 1981 El Mozote massacre in El Salvador.

Sec. 1789. Study and establishment of the Assistant Deputy Secretary for Environment and Resilience.

Sec. 1790. Expansion of eligibility for HUD–VASH.

Sec. 1791. Waiver authority with respect to institutions located in an area affected by Hurricane Maria.

Sec. 1792. Credit monitoring.

Sec. 1793. Department of Homeland Security CISA Director term limitation.

Sec. 1794. Workforce issues for military realignments in the Pacific.

Sec. 1795. Inclusion on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall of the names of the lost crew members of the U.S.S. Frank E. Evans killed on June 3, 1969.

Sec. 1796. Study on viability of seawater mining for critical minerals.

Sec. 1797. Restrictions on Confucius Institutes.

Sec. 1798. Disclosure requirement.

Sec. 1799. Increased realism and training effectiveness for airborne anti-submarine warfare training at offshore training ranges.

Sec. 1800. Review of use of innovative wood product technology.

Sec. 1801. Strategy to increase participation in international military education and training programs.

Sec. 1802. Establishment of Office of Cyber Engagement of the Department of Veterans Affairs.

Sec. 1803. Certified notice at completion of an assessment.

Sec. 1804. Department of Homeland Security acquisition documentation.

Sec. 1805. Large-scale non-intrusive inspection scanning plan.

Sec. 1806. National supply chain database.

Sec. 1807. Coordination with Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership Centers.

Sec. 1808. COVID–19 Emergency Medical Supplies Enhancement.

Sec. 1809. Prohibition on provision of grant funds to entities that have violated intellectual property rights of United States entities.

Sec. 1810. Disclosure of imports from the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.

Sec. 1811. Ted Stevens Center for Arctic Security Studies.

Sec. 1812. Payments for private education loan borrowers, as a result of COVID–19.

Sec. 1821. Semiconductor incentive grants.

Sec. 1822. Department of Commerce study on status of semiconductors technologies in the United States industrial base.

Sec. 1823. Funding for development and adoption of secure semiconductor and secure semiconductor supply chains.

Sec. 1824. Advanced semiconductor research and design.

Sec. 1825. Prohibition relating to foreign entities of concern.

Sec. 1831. Short title.

Sec. 1832. Findings.

Sec. 1833. Definitions.

Sec. 1834. Grants for State Seal of Biliteracy programs.

Sec. 1841. Short title.

Sec. 1842. Findings.

Sec. 1843. United States support for graduation of China from World Bank assistance.

Sec. 1844. Accountability for World Bank loans to the People’s Republic of China.

Sec. 1845. Ensuring debt transparency with respect to the Belt and Road Initiative.

Sec. 1851. Short title.

Sec. 1852. Sense of the Congress.

Sec. 1853. Fairness for Taiwan nationals regarding employment at international financial institutions.

Sec. 2001. Short title.

Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be specified by law.

Sec. 2003. Effective date.

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2102. Family housing.

Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.

Sec. 2104. Limitation on military construction project at Kwajalein Atoll.

Sec. 2105. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2017 project.

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2202. Family housing and improvements to military family housing units.

Sec. 2203. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2302. Family housing and improvements to military family housing units.

Sec. 2303. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.

Sec. 2304. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2018 project.

Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2019 projects.

Sec. 2306. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2020 projects.

Sec. 2307. Technical corrections related to authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2020 family housing projects.

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2402. Authorized Energy Resilience and Conservation Investment Program projects.

Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.

Sec. 2404. Military construction infrastructure and weapon system synchronization for Ground Based Strategic Deterrent.

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.

Sec. 2512. State of Qatar funded construction projects.

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.

Sec. 2607. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2020 project.

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and closure activities funded through Department of Defense base closure account.

Sec. 2801. Modification and clarification of construction authority in the event of a declaration of war or national emergency.

Sec. 2802. Extension of sunset for annual locality adjustment of dollar thresholds applicable to unspecified minor military construction authorities.

Sec. 2803. Modification of reporting requirement regarding cost increases associated with certain military construction projects and military family housing projects.

Sec. 2804. Expansion of Department of Defense land exchange authority.

Sec. 2805. Congressional project authorization required for military construction projects for energy resilience, energy security, and energy conservation.

Sec. 2806. One-year extension of temporary, limited authority to use operation and maintenance funds for construction projects in certain areas outside the United States.

Sec. 2807. Pilot Program to support combatant command military construction priorities.

Sec. 2808. Biannual report regarding military installations supported by disaster relief appropriations.

Sec. 2811. Expenditure priorities in using Department of Defense Family Housing Improvement Fund.

Sec. 2812. Promulgation of guidance to facilitate return of military families displaced from privatized military housing.

Sec. 2813. Promulgation of guidance on mold mitigation in privatized military housing.

Sec. 2814. Expansion of uniform code of basic standards for privatized military housing and hazard and habitability inspection and assessment requirements to Government-owned and Government-controlled military family housing.

Sec. 2815. Establishment of Exceptional Family Member Program housing liaison.

Sec. 2816. Department of Defense report on criteria and metrics used to evaluate performance of landlords of privatized military housing that receive incentive fees.

Sec. 2817. Report on Department of Defense efforts regarding oversight and role in management of privatized military housing.

Sec. 2818. Improved Department of Defense and landlord response to identification and remediation of severe environmental health hazards in military housing.

Sec. 2819. Inclusion of assessment of performance metrics in annual publication on use of incentive fees for privatized military housing projects.

Sec. 2821. Codification of reporting requirements regarding United States overseas military enduring locations and contingency locations.

Sec. 2822. Limitations on renewal of utility privatization contracts.

Sec. 2823. Vesting exercise of discretion with Service Secretaries regarding entering into longer-term contracts for utility services.

Sec. 2824. Use of on-site energy production to promote military installation energy resilience and energy security.

Sec. 2825. Availability of Energy Resilience and Conservation Investment Program funds for certain activities related to privatized utility systems.

Sec. 2826. Improving water management and security on military installations.

Sec. 2827. Pilot program to test use of emergency diesel generators in a microgrid configuration at certain military installations.

Sec. 2828. Improved electrical metering of Department of Defense infrastructure supporting critical missions.

Sec. 2829. Renaming certain military installations and other defense property.

Sec. 2831. Land conveyance, Camp Navajo, Arizona.

Sec. 2832. Modification of land exchange involving Naval Industrial Reserve Ordnance Plant, Sunnyvale, California.

Sec. 2833. Land conveyance, Sharpe Army Depot, lathrop, California.

Sec. 2834. Land exchange, San Bernardino County, California.

Sec. 2835. Land conveyance, Over-the-Horizon Backscatter Radar System receiving station, Modoc County, California.

Sec. 2836. Transfer of administrative jurisdiction, Naval Support Activity Panama City, Florida, parcel.

Sec. 2837. Land conveyance, Milan Army Ammunition Plant, Tennessee.

Sec. 2841. Renewal of land withdrawal and reservation to benefit Naval Air Facility, El Centro, California.

Sec. 2842. Renewal of Fallon Range Training Complex land withdrawal and reservation.

Sec. 2843. Renewal of Nevada Test and Training Range land withdrawal and reservation.

Sec. 2844. Additional requirements regarding Nevada Test and Training Range.

Sec. 2845. Specified duration of White Sands Missile Range land withdrawal and reservation and establishment of special reservation area for northern and western extension areas.

Sec. 2846. Grand Canyon Centennial Protection Act.

Sec. 2851. Change to biennial reporting requirement for Interagency Coordination Group of Inspectors General for Guam Realignment.

Sec. 2852. Additional exception to restriction on development of public infrastructure in connection with realignment of Marine Corps forces in Asia-Pacific region.

Sec. 2853. Development of master plan for infrastructure to support rotational Armed Forces in Australia.

Sec. 2854. Study and strategy regarding bulk fuels management in United States Indo-Pacific Command Area of Responsibility.

Sec. 2855. Department of Defense report on easements and leased lands in Hawai‘i.

Sec. 2861. Defense Community Infrastructure Program.

Sec. 2862. Pilot program on reduction of effects of military aviation noise on certain covered property.

Sec. 2863. Department of Defense policy for regulation of dangerous dogs in military communities.

Sec. 2864. Responsibility of Navy for military construction requirements for certain Fleet Readiness Centers.

Sec. 2901. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2902. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2903. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.

Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.

Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.

Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

Sec. 3111. Nuclear warhead acquisition processes.

Sec. 3112. Uncosted and unobligated amounts of National Nuclear Security Administration.

Sec. 3113. Extension of limitation relating to reclassification of high-level waste.

Sec. 3114. Extension of pilot program on unavailability for overhead costs of amounts specified for laboratory-directed research and development.

Sec. 3115. Plutonium pit production.

Sec. 3116. Program for research and development of advanced naval nuclear fuel system based on low-enriched uranium.

Sec. 3117. Independent study on effects of use of nuclear weapons.

Sec. 3118. Reports on diversity of certain contractor employees of National Nuclear Security Administration.

Sec. 3119. Findings, purpose, and apology relating to fallout emitted during the Government's atmospheric nuclear tests.

Sec. 3120. Sense of Congress regarding uranium mining and nuclear testing.

Sec. 3121. Prohibition on use of funds for nuclear weapons test explosions.

Sec. 3122. Sense of Congress on the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program.

Sec. 3201. Authorization.

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.

Sec. 3502. Sense of Congress regarding role of domestic maritime industry in national security.

Sec. 3503. Nonapplicability of requirement relating to minimum number of operating days for vessels operating under MSP Operating Agreements.

Sec. 3504. Improvements to process for waiving navigation and vessel-inspection laws.

Sec. 3505. Maritime transportation system emergency relief program.

Sec. 3506. Centers of excellence for domestic maritime workforce training and education: technical amendments.

Sec. 3507. Merchant mariner education loan program.

Sec. 3508. Assistance for inland and small coastal ports and terminals.

Sec. 3509. National Shipper Advisory Committee.

Sec. 3510. Sea year cadets on cable security fleet and tanker security fleet vessels.

Sec. 3510A. Superintendent of the United States Merchant Marine Academy.

Sec. 3510B. Maritime academy information.

Sec. 3510C. Mariner licensing and credentialing.

Sec. 3510D. National Shipper Advisory Committee.

Sec. 3511. Tanker Security Fleet.

Sec. 3601. Public service announcement campaign to address farm and ranch mental health.

Sec. 3602. Employee training program to manage farmer and rancher stress.

Sec. 3603. Task force for assessment of causes of mental stress and best practices for response.

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

Sec. 4101. Procurement.

Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.

Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas contingency operations.

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.

Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency operations.

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.

Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.

Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.

Sec. 4601. Military construction.

Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.

Sec. 4701. Department of energy national security programs.

Sec. 5001. Short title.

Sec. 5002. Findings.

Sec. 5003. Definitions.

Sec. 5101. National Artificial Intelligence Initiative.

Sec. 5102. National Artificial Intelligence Initiative Office.

Sec. 5103. Coordination by Interagency Committee.

Sec. 5104. National Artificial Intelligence Advisory Committee.

Sec. 5105. National Academies artificial intelligence impact study on workforce.

Sec. 5106. GAO report on computational needs.

Sec. 5107. National AI Research Resource Task Force.

Sec. 5108. Sense of Congress.

Sec. 5109. Rule of construction regarding ethical artificial intelligence.

Sec. 5201. National Artificial Intelligence Research Institutes.

Sec. 5301. National Institute of Standards and Technology activities.

Sec. 5302. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Artificial Intelligence Center.

Sec. 5401. Artificial intelligence research and education.

Sec. 5501. Department of Energy Artificial Intelligence Research Program.

Sec. 5502. Department of Energy Veterans’ Health Initiative.

Sec. 6001. Short title.

Sec. 6002. Findings.

Sec. 6003. Transparent incorporation practices.

Sec. 6004. Studies and reports.

Sec. 6005. Definitions.

Sec. 7001. Short title.

Sec. 7002. Bank Secrecy Act definition.

Sec. 7101. Improving the definition and purpose of the Bank Secrecy Act.

Sec. 7102. Special hiring authority.

Sec. 7103. Civil Liberties and Privacy Officer.

Sec. 7104. Civil Liberties and Privacy Council.

Sec. 7105. International coordination.

Sec. 7106. Treasury Attachés Program.

Sec. 7107. Increasing technical assistance for international cooperation.

Sec. 7108. FinCEN Domestic Liaisons.

Sec. 7109. FinCEN Exchange.

Sec. 7110. Study and strategy on trade-based money laundering.

Sec. 7111. Study and strategy on de-risking.

Sec. 7112. AML examination authority delegation study.

Sec. 7113. Study and strategy on Chinese money laundering.

Sec. 7201. Pilot program on sharing of suspicious activity reports within a financial group.

Sec. 7202. Sharing of compliance resources.

Sec. 7203. GAO Study on feedback loops.

Sec. 7204. FinCEN study on BSA value.

Sec. 7205. Sharing of threat pattern and trend information.

Sec. 7206. Modernization and upgrading whistleblower protections.

Sec. 7207. Certain violators barred from serving on boards of United States financial institutions.

Sec. 7208. Additional damages for repeat Bank Secrecy Act violators.

Sec. 7209. Justice annual report on deferred and non-prosecution agreements.

Sec. 7210. Return of profits and bonuses.

Sec. 7211. Application of Bank Secrecy Act to dealers in antiquities.

Sec. 7212. Geographic targeting order.

Sec. 7213. Study and revisions to currency transaction reports and suspicious activity reports.

Sec. 7214. Streamlining requirements for currency transaction reports and suspicious activity reports.

Sec. 7301. Encouraging innovation in BSA compliance.

Sec. 7302. Innovation Labs.

Sec. 7303. Innovation Council.

Sec. 7304. Testing methods rulemaking.

Sec. 7305. FinCEN study on use of emerging technologies.

Sec. 7306. Discretionary surplus funds.

Sec. 101. Short title.

Sec. 102. Definition of Commandant.

Sec. 8001. Authorizations of appropriations.

Sec. 8002. Authorized levels of military strength and training.

Sec. 8003. Determination of budgetary effects.

Sec. 8004. Availability of amounts for acquisition of additional National Security Cutter.

Sec. 8005. Procurement authority for Polar Security Cutters.

Sec. 8006. Sense of the Congress on need for new Great Lakes icebreaker.

Sec. 8007. Procurement authority for Great Lakes icebreaker.

Sec. 8008. Polar Security Cutter acquisition report.

Sec. 8009. Shoreside infrastructure.

Sec. 8010. Major acquisition systems infrastructure.

Sec. 8011. Polar icebreakers.

Sec. 8012. Acquisition of fast response cutter.

Sec. 9101. Grade on retirement.

Sec. 9102. Authority for officers to opt out of promotion board consideration.

Sec. 9103. Temporary promotion authority for officers in certain grades with critical skills.

Sec. 9104. Career intermission program.

Sec. 9105. Direct commissioning authority for individuals with critical skills.

Sec. 9106. Employment assistance.

Sec. 9201. Congressional affairs; Director.

Sec. 9202. Limitations on claims.

Sec. 9203. Renewal of temporary early retirement authority.

Sec. 9204. Major acquisitions; operation and sustainment costs.

Sec. 9205. Support of women serving in the Coast Guard.

Sec. 9206. Disposition of infrastructure related to E–LORAN.

Sec. 9207. Positions of importance and responsibility.

Sec. 9208. Research projects; transactions other than contracts and grants.

Sec. 9209. Acquisition workforce authorities.

Sec. 9210. Vessel conversion, alteration, and repair projects.

Sec. 9211. Modification of acquisition process and procedures.

Sec. 9212. Establishment and purpose of Fund; definition.

Sec. 9213. Payments from Fund.

Sec. 9214. Determination of contributions to Fund.

Sec. 9215. Payments into Fund.

Sec. 9301. Report on child care and school-age care assistance for qualified families.

Sec. 9302. Review of family support services website and online tracking system.

Sec. 9303. Study and survey on Coast Guard child care needs.

Sec. 9304. Pilot program to expand access to child care.

Sec. 9305. Improvements to Coast Guard-owned family housing.

Sec. 9306. Briefing on transfer of family child care provider qualifications and certifications.

Sec. 9307. Inspections of Coast Guard child development centers and family child care providers.

Sec. 9308. Expanding opportunities for family child care.

Sec. 9309. Definitions.

Sec. 9401. Modifications of certain reporting requirements.

Sec. 9402. Report on cybersecurity workforce.

Sec. 9403. Report on navigation and bridge resource management.

Sec. 9404. Report on helicopter life-cycle support and recapitalization.

Sec. 9405. Report on Coast Guard response capabilities for cyber incidents on vessels entering ports or waters of the United States.

Sec. 9406. Study and report on Coast Guard interdiction of illicit drugs in transit zones.

Sec. 9407. Report on liability limits set in section 1004 of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990.

Sec. 9408. Report on Coast Guard defense readiness resources allocation.

Sec. 9409. Report on the feasibility of liquefied natural gas fueled vessels.

Sec. 9410. Coast Guard authorities study.

Sec. 9411. Report on effects of climate change on Coast Guard.

Sec. 9412. Shore infrastructure.

Sec. 9413. Coast Guard housing; status and authorities briefing.

Sec. 9414. Physical access control system report.

Sec. 9415. Study on Certificate of Compliance inspection program with respect to vessels that carry bulk liquefied gases as cargo and liquefied natural gas tank vessels.

Sec. 9416. Comptroller General of the United States review and report on Coast Guard’s International Port Security Program.

Sec. 9417. Comptroller General of the United States review and report on surge capacity of the Coast Guard.

Sec. 9418. Comptroller General of the United States review and report on marine inspections program of Coast Guard.

Sec. 9419. Comptroller General of the United States review and report on information technology program of Coast Guard.

Sec. 9420. Comptroller General of the United States study and report on access to health care by members of Coast Guard and dependents.

Sec. 9421. Comptroller General of the United States study and report on medical staffing standards and needs for Coast Guard.

Sec. 9422. Report on fast response cutters, offshore patrol cutters, and national security cutters.

Sec. 9501. Short title.

Sec. 9502. Coast Guard Academy study.

Sec. 9503. Annual report.

Sec. 9504. Assessment of Coast Guard Academy admission processes.

Sec. 9505. Coast Guard Academy minority outreach team program.

Sec. 9506. Coast Guard college student pre-commissioning initiative.

Sec. 9507. Annual board of visitors.

Sec. 9508. Homeland Security rotational cybersecurity research program at Coast Guard Academy.

Sec. 9601. Strategy on leadership of Coast Guard.

Sec. 9602. Expedited transfer in cases of sexual assault; dependents of members of the Coast Guard.

Sec. 9603. Access to resources during creosote-related building closures at Coast Guard Base Seattle, Washington.

Sec. 9604. Southern resident orca conservation and enforcement.

Sec. 9605. Sense of Congress and report on implementation of policy on issuance of warrants and subpoenas and whistleblower protections by agents of the Coast Guard Investigative Service.

Sec. 9606. Inspector General report on access to Equal Opportunity Advisors and Equal Employment Opportunity Specialists.

Sec. 9607. Insider Threat Program.

Sec. 10101. Electronic charts; equivalency.

Sec. 10102. Subrogated claims.

Sec. 10103. Loan provisions under Oil Pollution Act of 1990.

Sec. 10104. Oil pollution research and development program.

Sec. 10105. Limited indemnity provisions in standby oil spill response contracts.

Sec. 10201. Passenger vessel security and safety requirements; application.

Sec. 10202. Small passenger vessels and uninspected passenger vessels.

Sec. 10203. Non-operating individual.

Sec. 10204. Conforming amendments: training; public safety personnel.

Sec. 10205. Maritime transportation assessment.

Sec. 10206. Engine cut-off switches; use requirement.

Sec. 10207. Authority to waive operator of self-propelled uninspected passenger vessel requirements.

Sec. 10208. Exemptions and equivalents.

Sec. 10209. Waiver of navigation and vessel inspection laws.

Sec. 10210. Renewal of merchant mariner licenses and documents.

Sec. 10211. Certificate extensions.

Sec. 10212. Vessel safety standards.

Sec. 10213. Medical standards.

Sec. 10301. Advisory committees.

Sec. 10302. Maritime Transportation System National Advisory Committee.

Sec. 10303. Expired maritime liens.

Sec. 10304. Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee.

Sec. 10305. National Commercial Fishing Safety Advisory Committee.

Sec. 10306. Exemption of commercial fishing vessels operating in Alaskan Region from Global Maritime Distress and Safety System requirements of Federal Communications Commission.

Sec. 10401. Port, harbor, and coastal facility security.

Sec. 10402. Aiming laser pointer at vessel.

Sec. 10403. Safety of special activities.

Sec. 10404. Security plans; reviews.

Sec. 10405. Vessel traffic service.

Sec. 10406. Transportation work identification card pilot program.

Sec. 11101. Coastwise trade.

Sec. 11102. Towing vessels operating outside boundary line.

Sec. 11103. Sense of Congress regarding the maritime industry of the United States.

Sec. 11104. Cargo preference study.

Sec. 11105. Towing vessel inspection fees.

Sec. 11201. Unmanned maritime systems and satellite vessel tracking technologies.

Sec. 11202. Unmanned aircraft systems testing.

Sec. 11203. Land-based unmanned aircraft system program of Coast Guard.

Sec. 11204. Prohibition on operation or procurement of foreign-made unmanned aircraft systems.

Sec. 11205. United States commercial space-based radio frequency maritime domain awareness testing and evaluation program.

Sec. 11206. Authorization of use of automatic identification systems devices to mark fishing equipment.

Sec. 11301. Coast Guard Arctic prioritization.

Sec. 11302. Arctic PARS Native engagement.

Sec. 11303. Voting requirement.

Sec. 11304. Report on the Arctic capabilities of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 11305. Report on Arctic search and rescue.

Sec. 11306. Arctic Shipping Federal Advisory Committee.

Sec. 11401. Plan for wing-in-ground demonstration plan.

Sec. 11402. Northern Michigan oil spill response planning.

Sec. 11403. Documentation of LNG tankers.

Sec. 11404. Replacement vessel.

Sec. 11405. Educational vessel.

Sec. 11406. Waters deemed not navigable waters of the United States for certain purposes.

Sec. 11407. Anchorages.

Sec. 11408. Comptroller General of the United States study and report on vertical evacuation for tsunamis at Coast Guard Stations in Washington and Oregon.

Sec. 11409. Authority to enter into agreements with National Coast Guard Museum Association.

Sec. 11410. Formal sexual assault policies for passenger vessels.

Sec. 11411. Regulations for covered small passenger vessels.

Sec. 12001. Transfers.

Sec. 12002. Additional transfers.

Sec. 12003. License exemptions; repeal of obsolete provisions.

Sec. 12004. Maritime transportation system.

Sec. 12005. References to “persons” and “seamen”.

Sec. 12006. References to “himself” and “his”.

Sec. 12007. Miscellaneous technical corrections.

Sec. 12008. Technical corrections relating to codification of Ports and Waterways Safety Act.

Sec. 12009. Aids to navigation.

Sec. 12010. Transfers related to employees of Lighthouse Service.

Sec. 12011. Transfers related to surviving spouses of Lighthouse Service employees.

Sec. 12012. Repeals related to lighthouse statutes.

Sec. 13001. Short title.

Sec. 13002. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 13003. Unfinished proceedings.

Sec. 13004. Transfer of Federal Maritime Commission provisions.

Sec. 14001. Short title.

Sec. 14101. Sense of Congress on importance of Department of State’s work.

Sec. 14102. Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor.

Sec. 14103. Assistant Secretary for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs.

Sec. 14104. Bureau of Consular Affairs; Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration.

Sec. 14105. Office of International Disability Rights.

Sec. 14106. Office of Global Women’s Issues.

Sec. 14107. Special appointments.

Sec. 14108. Anti-piracy information sharing.

Sec. 14109. Importance of foreign affairs training to national security.

Sec. 14110. Classification and assignment of Foreign Service officers.

Sec. 14111. Energy diplomacy and security within the Department of State.

Sec. 14112. The National Museum of American Diplomacy.

Sec. 14113. Extension of period for reimbursement of fishermen for costs incurred from the illegal seizure and detention of U.S.-flag fishing vessels by foreign governments.

Sec. 14114. Art in embassies.

Sec. 14115. Amendment or repeal of reporting requirements.

Sec. 14116. Reporting on implementation of GAO recommendations.

Sec. 14117. Office of Global Criminal Justice.

Sec. 14201. Embassy security, construction, and maintenance.

Sec. 14202. Standard design in capital construction.

Sec. 14203. Capital construction transparency.

Sec. 14204. Contractor performance information.

Sec. 14205. Growth projections for new embassies and consulates.

Sec. 14206. Long-range planning process.

Sec. 14207. Value engineering and risk assessment.

Sec. 14208. Business volume.

Sec. 14209. Embassy security requests and deficiencies.

Sec. 14210. Overseas security briefings.

Sec. 14211. Contracting methods in capital construction.

Sec. 14212. Competition in embassy construction.

Sec. 14213. Statement of policy.

Sec. 14214. Definitions.

Sec. 14301. Defense Base Act insurance waivers.

Sec. 14302. Study on Foreign Service allowances.

Sec. 14303. Science and technology fellowships.

Sec. 14304. Travel for separated families.

Sec. 14305. Home leave travel for separated families.

Sec. 14306. Sense of Congress regarding certain fellowship programs.

Sec. 14307. Technical correction.

Sec. 14308. Foreign Service awards.

Sec. 14309. Diplomatic programs.

Sec. 14310. Sense of Congress regarding veterans employment at the Department of State.

Sec. 14311. Employee assignment restrictions and preclusions.

Sec. 14312. Recall and reemployment of career members.

Sec. 14313. Strategic staffing plan for the department.

Sec. 14314. Consulting services.

Sec. 14315. Incentives for critical posts.

Sec. 14316. Extension of authority for certain accountability review boards.

Sec. 14317. Foreign Service suspension without pay.

Sec. 14318. Foreign Affairs Manual and Foreign Affairs Handbook changes.

Sec. 14319. Waiver authority for individual occupational requirements of certain positions.

Sec. 14320. Appointment of employees to the Global Engagement Center.

Sec. 14321. Rest and recuperation and overseas operations leave for Federal employees.

Sec. 14401. Definitions.

Sec. 14402. Collection, analysis, and dissemination of workforce data.

Sec. 14403. Exit interviews for workforce.

Sec. 14404. Recruitment and retention.

Sec. 14405. Leadership engagement and accountability.

Sec. 14406. Professional development opportunities and tools.

Sec. 14407. Examination and oral assessment for the Foreign Service.

Sec. 14408. Payne fellowship authorization.

Sec. 14409. Voluntary participation.

Sec. 14501. Definitions.

Sec. 14502. Information system security.

Sec. 14503. Prohibition on contracting with certain telecommunications providers.

Sec. 14504. Preserving records of electronic communications conducted related to official duties of positions in the public trust of the American people.

Sec. 14505. Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS) series and declassification.

Sec. 14506. Vulnerability Disclosure Policy and Bug Bounty Pilot Program.

Sec. 14601. Short title.

Sec. 14602. Avoiding duplication of programs and efforts.

Sec. 14603. Improving research and evaluation of public diplomacy.

Sec. 14604. Permanent reauthorization of the united states advisory commission on public diplomacy.

Sec. 14605. Streamlining of support functions.

Sec. 14606. Guidance for closure of public diplomacy facilities.

Sec. 14607. Definitions.

Sec. 14701. Sense of congress.

Sec. 14702. Annual assessment.

Sec. 14703. Transparency and accountability.

Sec. 14704. Designation of embassy anti-corruption points of contact.

Sec. 14705. Reporting requirements.

Sec. 14706. Foreign investments and national security.

Sec. 14801. Case-Zablocki Act Reform.

Sec. 14802. Limitation on assistance to countries in default.

Sec. 14803. Prohibition on assistance to governments supporting international terrorism.

Sec. 14804. Sean and David Goldman Child Abduction Prevention and Return Act of 2014 amendment.

Sec. 14805. Modification of authorities of Commission for the Preservation of America’s Heritage Abroad.

Sec. 14806. Chief of mission concurrence.

Sec. 15001. Short title.

Sec. 15002. Statement of policy.

Sec. 15003. Sense of Congress.

Sec. 15004. Determination with respect to primary money laundering concern of Russian illicit finance.

Sec. 16001. Short title.

Sec. 16002. Findings; sense of Congress.

Sec. 16003. In general.

Sec. 17001. Short title.

Sec. 17002. Findings.

Sec. 17003. GAO Study.

Sec. 18001. Short title.

Sec. 18002. Submission of data relating to diversity by issuers.

Sec. 18003. Diversity advisory group.

Sec. 19001. Short title.

Sec. 19002. Report on financial services benefitting state sponsors of terrorism, human rights abusers, and corrupt officials.

Sec. 19003. Waiver.

Sec. 19004. Definitions.

Sec. 19005. Sunset.

Sec. 20001. Short title.

Sec. 20101. Short title; definition.

Sec. 20102. Additions to National Wilderness Preservation System in the State of Colorado.

Sec. 20103. Administrative provisions.

Sec. 20104. Water.

Sec. 20105. Sense of Congress.

Sec. 20106. Department of defense study on impacts that the expansion of wilderness designations in the western united states would have on the readiness of the armed forces of the united states with respect to aviation training.

Sec. 20201. Short title.

Sec. 20202. Definitions.

Sec. 20211. South Fork Trinity-Mad River Restoration Area.

Sec. 20212. Redwood National and State Parks restoration.

Sec. 20213. California Public Lands Remediation Partnership.

Sec. 20214. Trinity Lake visitor center.

Sec. 20215. Del Norte County visitor center.

Sec. 20216. Management plans.

Sec. 20217. Study; partnerships related to overnight accommodations.

Sec. 20221. Horse Mountain Special Management Area.

Sec. 20222. Bigfoot National Recreation Trail.

Sec. 20223. Elk Camp Ridge Recreation Trail.

Sec. 20224. Trinity Lake Trail.

Sec. 20225. Trails study.

Sec. 20226. Construction of mountain bicycling routes.

Sec. 20227. Partnerships.

Sec. 20231. Designation of wilderness.

Sec. 20232. Administration of wilderness.

Sec. 20233. Designation of potential wilderness.

Sec. 20234. Designation of wild and scenic rivers.

Sec. 20235. Sanhedrin Special Conservation Management Area.

Sec. 20241. Maps and legal descriptions.

Sec. 20242. Updates to land and resource management plans.

Sec. 20243. Pacific Gas and Electric Company Utility facilities and rights-of-way.

Sec. 20301. Short title.

Sec. 20302. Definitions.

Sec. 20303. Designation of wilderness.

Sec. 20304. Designation of the Machesna Mountain Potential Wilderness.

Sec. 20305. Administration of wilderness.

Sec. 20306. Designation of Wild and Scenic Rivers.

Sec. 20307. Designation of the Fox Mountain Potential Wilderness.

Sec. 20308. Designation of scenic areas.

Sec. 20309. Condor National Scenic Trail.

Sec. 20310. Forest service study.

Sec. 20311. Nonmotorized recreation opportunities.

Sec. 20312. Use by members of Tribes.

Sec. 20401. Short title.

Sec. 20402. Definition of State.

Sec. 20411. Purposes.

Sec. 20412. Definitions.

Sec. 20413. San Gabriel National Recreation Area.

Sec. 20414. Management.

Sec. 20415. Acquisition of non-Federal land within Recreation Area.

Sec. 20416. Water rights; water resource facilities; public roads; utility facilities.

Sec. 20417. San Gabriel National Recreation Area Public Advisory Council.

Sec. 20418. San Gabriel National Recreation Area Partnership.

Sec. 20419. Visitor services and facilities.

Sec. 20421. Definitions.

Sec. 20422. National monument boundary modification.

Sec. 20423. Designation of Wilderness Areas and Additions.

Sec. 20424. Administration of Wilderness Areas and Additions.

Sec. 20425. Designation of Wild and Scenic Rivers.

Sec. 20426. Water rights.

Sec. 20501. Short title.

Sec. 20502. Boundary adjustment; land acquisition; administration.

Sec. 20601. Short title.

Sec. 20602. Designation of olympic national forest wilderness areas.

Sec. 20603. Wild and scenic river designations.

Sec. 20604. Existing rights and withdrawal.

Sec. 20605. Treaty rights.

Sec. 20701. Study on Flood Risk Mitigation.

Sec. 20801. Promoting health and wellness for veterans and servicemembers.

Sec. 20802. Fire, insects, and diseases.

Sec. 20803. Military activities.

Sec. 21001. Short title.

Sec. 21002. Definition of State.

Sec. 21101. Definitions.

Sec. 21102. Colorado Wilderness additions.

Sec. 21103. Williams Fork Mountains Wilderness.

Sec. 21104. Tenmile Recreation Management Area.

Sec. 21105. Porcupine Gulch Wildlife Conservation Area.

Sec. 21106. Williams Fork Mountains Wildlife Conservation Area.

Sec. 21107. Camp Hale National Historic Landscape.

Sec. 21108. White River National Forest Boundary modification.

Sec. 21109. Rocky Mountain National Park Potential Wilderness Boundary adjustment.

Sec. 21110. Administrative provisions.

Sec. 21201. Definitions.

Sec. 21202. Additions to National Wilderness Preservation System.

Sec. 21203. Special management areas.

Sec. 21204. Release of wilderness study areas.

Sec. 21205. Administrative provisions.

Sec. 21301. Purposes.

Sec. 21302. Definitions.

Sec. 21303. Thompson Divide Withdrawal and Protection Area.

Sec. 21304. Thompson Divide lease exchange.

Sec. 21305. Greater Thompson Divide Fugitive Coal Mine Methane Use Pilot Program.

Sec. 21306. Effect.

Sec. 21401. Definitions.

Sec. 21402. Curecanti National Recreation Area.

Sec. 21403. Acquisition of land; boundary management.

Sec. 21404. General management plan.

Sec. 21405. Boundary survey.

SEC. 3. Congressional defense committees.

In this Act, the term “congressional defense committees” has the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, the Air Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in the funding table in section 4101.

SEC. 111. Independent cost estimate of FFG(X) frigate program.

In accordance with section 2334(b) of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that an independent cost estimate of the full life-cycle cost of the FFG(X) frigate program of the Navy has been completed before the conclusion of milestone B of such program.

SEC. 112. Liquified natural gas pilot program.

The Secretary of the Navy shall carry out a pilot program under which the Secretary shall experiment and innovate within the fleet using liquified natural gas technology to retrofit, modify, or build vessels capable of dual fueling (diesel and liquified natural gas) or powered by liquified natural gas alone.

SEC. 121. Modification of force structure objectives for B–1 bomber aircraft.

(a) Modification of minimum inventory requirement.—Section 9062(h)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking “36” and inserting “24”.

(b) Temporary authority To retire aircraft.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Notwithstanding section 9062(h)(1) of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Air Force may retire up to seventeen B–1 aircraft.

(2) TERMINATION OF AUTHORITY.—The authority of the Secretary of the Air Force to retire aircraft under paragraph (1) shall terminate on January 1, 2023.

(c) Preservation of certain aircraft and maintenance personnel.—Until the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force determines that the B–21 aircraft has attained initial operating capability, the Secretary—

(1) shall preserve each B–1 aircraft that is retired under subsection (b), in a manner that ensures the components and parts of such aircraft are maintained in reclaimable condition that is consistent with type 2000 recallable storage, or better; and

(2) may not reduce the number of billets assigned to maintenance of B–1 aircraft in effect on January 1, 2020.

SEC. 122. Extension of limitation on availability of funds for retirement of RC–135 aircraft.

Section 148(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116–92; 133 Stat. 1243) is amended by striking “for fiscal year 2020” and inserting “for any of fiscal years 2020 through 2025”.

SEC. 123. Modification of limitation on availability of funds for retirement of E–8 JSTARS aircraft.

Section 147(a) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115–232; 132 Stat. 1669) is amended by striking “certifies to the congressional defense committees that Increment 2 of the Advanced Battle-Management System of the Air Force has declared initial operational capability as defined in the Capability Development Document for the System” and inserting

““certifies to the congressional defense committees that—

“(1) the Secretary has identified a replacement capability and capacity for the current fleet of 16 E–8 Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System aircraft to meet global combatant command requirements; and

“(2) such replacement delivers capabilities that are comparable or superior to the capabilities delivered by such aircraft.”.

SEC. 124. Limitation on availability of funds for the Advanced Battle Management System pending certification relating to RQ–4 aircraft.

(a) Limitation.—Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2021 for the Department of the Air Force for the Advanced Battle Management System, not more than 50 percent may be obligated or expended until—

(1) the Secretary of the Air Force certifies, in writing, to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives that the Secretary will not retire, or prepare to retire, any RQ–4 aircraft during fiscal year 2021;

(2) (A) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment certifies, in writing, to such Committees that, with respect to the RQ–4 aircraft, the validated operating and sustainment costs of any capability developed to replace the RQ–4 aircraft are less than the validated operating and sustainment costs for the RQ–4 aircraft on a comparable flight-hour cost basis; and

(B) the Chairman of the Joint Requirements Oversight Council certifies, in writing, to such Committees that any such capability to be fielded at the same time or before the retirement of the RQ–4 aircraft would result in equal or greater capability available to the commanders of the combatant commands and would not result in less capacity available to the commanders of the combatant commands; or

(3) the Secretary of Defense—

(A) certifies, in writing, to such Committees that the Secretary has determined, after analyzing sufficient and relevant data, that a capability superior to the RQ–4 aircraft is worth increased operating and sustainment costs; and

(B) provides to such Committees analysis supporting such determination.

(b) Consultation requirement.—Before issuing a certification under subsection (a), the official responsible for issuing such certification shall consult with the combatant commanders on the matters covered by the certification.

(c) Advanced Battle Management System defined.—In this section, the term “Advanced Battle Management System” has the meaning given that term in section 236(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116–92; 133 Stat. 1281).

SEC. 125. Inventory requirements for certain air refueling tanker aircraft.

(a) Minimum inventory requirements for KC–10A aircraft.—

(1) FISCAL YEAR 2021.—During the period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on October 1, 2021, the Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain a minimum of 50 KC–10A aircraft designated as primary mission aircraft inventory.

(2) FISCAL YEAR 2022.—During the period beginning on October 1, 2021, and ending on October 1, 2022, the Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain a minimum of 38 KC–10A aircraft designated as primary mission aircraft inventory.

(3) FISCAL YEAR 2023.—During the period beginning on October 1, 2022, and ending on October 1, 2023, the Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain a minimum of 26 KC–10A aircraft designated as primary mission aircraft inventory.

(b) Prohibition on retirement of KC–135 aircraft.—

(1) PROHIBITION.—Except as provided in paragraph (2), during the period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on October 1, 2023, the Secretary of the Air Force may not retire, or prepare to retire, any KC–135 aircraft.

(2) EXCEPTION.—The prohibition in paragraph (1) shall not apply to individual KC–135 aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no longer mission capable because of mishaps, other damage, or being uneconomical to repair.

(c) KC–135 aircraft fleet management.—None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2021 for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to reduce the number of KC–135 aircraft designated as primary mission aircraft inventory.

(d) Primary mission aircraft inventory defined.—In this section, the term “primary mission aircraft inventory” has the meaning given that term in section 9062(i)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 126. Limitation on production of KC–46A aircraft.

(a) Limitation.—None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2021 for the Air Force may be used to approve the full-rate production of KC–46A aircraft or enter into a contract for the production of more than twelve KC–46A aircraft until the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force certifies to the congressional defense committees that all category-one deficiencies in the systems of the aircraft have been corrected, including the deficiencies affecting the aircraft’s remote visioning system, telescoping actuator in the boom system, and primary fuel containment system.

(b) Report.—Not later than February 1, 2021, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the KC–46A aircraft. The report shall include—

(1) a schedule for the correction of each category-one deficiency described in subsection (a);

(2) a plan to engage an independent test organization to verify the effectiveness of any proposed solutions to such category-one deficiencies; and

(3) an acquisition strategy for the aircraft that—

(A) identifies principal acquisition milestones; and

(B) will ensure that there is sufficient competition for the procurement of a nondevelopmental tanker aircraft at the conclusion of the KC–46A production contract in effect as of the date of the enactment of this Act.

(c) Category-One deficiency defined.—The term “category-one deficiency” means a deficiency that may cause—

(1) death or severe injury to personnel; or

(2) major loss or damage to critical aircraft capabilities.

SEC. 127. Assessment and certification relating to OC–135 aircraft.

(a) Limitation.—Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2021 for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to retire, divest, realign, or place in storage or on backup aircraft inventory status, or prepare to retire, divest, realign, or place in storage or backup inventory status, any OC–135 aircraft until a period of 90 days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force submits to the congressional defense committees—

(1) the report required under subsection (c); and

(2) the certification required under subsection (d).

(b) Exception.—The limitation in subsection (a) shall not apply to—

(1) individual OC–135 aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no longer mission capable because of mishaps or other damage; or

(2) funds obligated or expended—

(A) for the preparation of the report required under subsection (c); or

(B) for the Air Force to assess options to repurpose the OC–135 aircraft to support other mission requirements.

(c) Report required.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that includes the following:

(1) Identification of any unclassified aerial imagery requirements that the Air Force or Air National Guard can meet using the OC–135 aircraft, a version of the aircraft that is expected to replace the OC–135, or similar aerial imagery collection and processing capabilities.

(2) An assessment of the extent to which it is more appropriate for the Air Force or the Air National Guard to fulfill such requirements.

(3) A comparison of the costs and effectiveness of alternative means of meeting unclassified aerial imagery requirements.

(4) An assessment of the utility and cost differential of performing international treaty monitoring missions such as Olive Harvest with the OC–135 aircraft, a version of the aircraft that is expected to replace the OC–135, or similar aerial imagery collection and processing capabilities.

(d) Certification required.—Together with the report required under subsection (c), the Secretary of the Air Force shall certify to the congressional defense committees—

(1) whether there are unclassified aerial imagery requirements that the Air Force can meet with the OC–135 aircraft or a version of the aircraft that is expected to replace the OC–135; and

(2) whether the Secretary has identified methods of meeting such requirements that are more effective and more efficient than meeting such requirements through the use of the OC–135 aircraft or a version of the aircraft that is expected to replace the OC–135.

(e) Unclassified aerial imagery requirements defined.—In this section, the term “unclassified aerial imagery requirements” means requirements for the Air Force to provide responsive unclassified aerial imagery support to military forces, domestic civil authorities, other departments and agencies of the Federal Government, and foreign partners of the United States, including any requirements to provide unclassified aerial imagery in support of overseas contingency operations, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief missions, defense support to domestic civil authorities, and international treaty monitoring missions.

SEC. 128. Modernization plan for airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance.

(a) Modernization plan.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of the Air Force shall develop a comprehensive plan for the modernization of airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance, which shall—

(A) ensure the alignment between requirements, both current and future, and Air Force budget submissions to meet such requirements; and

(B) inform the preparation of future defense program and budget requests by the Secretary, and the consideration of such requests by Congress.

(2) ELEMENTS.—The plan required by paragraph (1) shall include the following:

(A) An assessment of all airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance missions, both current missions and those missions necessary to support the national defense strategy.

(B) An analysis of platforms, capabilities, and capacities necessary to fulfill such current and future missions.

(C) The anticipated life-cycle budget associated with each platform, capability, and capacity requirement for both current and future requirements.

(D) An analysis showing operational, budget, and schedule trade-offs between sustainment of currently fielded capabilities, modernization of currently fielded capabilities, and development and production of new capabilities.

(b) Report to Congress.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than March 30, 2021, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that includes—

(A) the comprehensive modernization plan required by subsection (a); and

(B) a strategy for carrying out such plan through fiscal year 2030.

(2) FORM.—The report required under paragraph (1) shall be submitted in unclassified form but may include a classified annex.

SEC. 129. Minimum bomber aircraft force level.

(a) In general.—Not later than February 1, 2021, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report with recommendations for the bomber aircraft force structure that enables the Air Force to meet the requirements of its long-range strike mission under the National Defense Strategy.

(b) Elements.—The report required under subsection (a) shall include each of the following elements:

(1) The bomber force structure necessary to meet the requirements of the Air Force’s long-range strike mission under the National Defense Strategy, including—

(A) the total minimum number of bomber aircraft; and

(B) the minimum number of primary mission aircraft.

(2) The penetrating bomber force structure necessary to meet the requirements of the Air Force’s long-range strike mission in contested or denied environments under the National Defense Strategy, to include—

(A) the total minimum number of penetrating bomber aircraft; and

(B) the minimum number of primary mission penetrating bomber aircraft.

(3) A roadmap outlining how the Air Force plans to reach the force structure identified under paragraphs (1) and (2), including an established goal date for achieving the minimum number of bomber aircraft.

(c) Form.—The report submitted under subsection (a) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

(d) Publication.—The Secretary shall make available to the public the unclassified form of the report submitted under subsection (a).

(e) Bomber aircraft.—In this section, the term “bomber aircraft” includes penetrating bombers in addition to B–52H aircraft.

SEC. 130. Provisions relating to RC–26B manned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance aircraft.

(a) Limitation.—Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2021 for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to retire, divest, realign, or placed in storage or on backup aircraft inventory status, or prepare to retire, divest, realign, or place in storage or on backup aircraft inventory status, any RC–26B aircraft.

(b) Exception.—The limitation in subsection (a) shall not apply to individual RC–26B aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no longer mission capable because of mishaps other damage.

(c) Funding for RC–26B manned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance platform.—

(1) Of the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in the corresponding funding table in 4301, for operation and maintenance, Air National Guard, the Secretary of the Air Force may transfer up to $18,500,000 to be used in support of the RC–26B manned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance platform.

(2) Of the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 421 for military personnel, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4401, the Secretary of the Air Force may transfer up to $13,000,000 from military personnel, Air National Guard to be used in support of personnel who operate and maintain the RC–26B manned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance platform.

(d) Memoranda of agreement.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of Defense may enter into one or more memoranda of agreement or cost sharing agreements with other departments and agencies of the Federal Government under which the RC–26B aircraft may be used to assist with the missions and activities of such departments and agencies.

SEC. 130A. Briefing on payload hosting on modular supersonic aircraft.

(a) Briefing required.—Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing on the potential use of a modular civil supersonic aircraft to host multiple mission payloads.

(b) Elements.—The briefing under subsection (a) shall include an assessment of the potential of a repurposed civil supersonic aircraft with a military-engineered front section as a long-range, high-speed platform for the following uses:

(1) As a multi-payload disaggregated node in the Joint All-Domain Command & Control architecture.

(2) As a host for a multi-mission directed energy system.

(3) As an embedded or separated electronic warfare escort.

(4) As a quick-response vehicle for missions necessitating large and diverse payloads that preclude fighter aircraft due to size, range or altitude.

(c) Limitation.—The briefing under subsection (a) shall not affect, modify, or address any matter set forth in section 122 of the Report of the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives that accompanies this Act.

SEC. 131. Documentation relating to the F–35 aircraft program.

(a) Limitation.—The Secretary of Defense may not grant Milestone C approval for the F–35 aircraft program pursuant to section 2366c of title 10, United States Code, or enter into a contract for the full-rate production of F–35 aircraft, until a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary has submitted to the congressional defense committees all of the documentation required under subsection (b).

(b) Documentation required.—The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees the following documentation with respect to the F–35 aircraft program:

(1) A certification from the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment that all alternative supply contractors for parts, required for the airframe and propulsion prime contractors of the F–35 program as a result of the removal of the Republic of Turkey from the program—

(A) have been identified and all related undefinitized contract actions have been definitized (as described in section 7401 of part 217 of the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement);

(B) the parts produced by each such contractor have been qualified and certified as meeting applicable technical design and use specifications; and

(C) each such contractor has reached the required rate of production to meet supply requirements for parts under the F–35 aircraft program.

(2) A cost analysis, prepared by the joint program office for the F–35 aircraft program, that assesses and defines—

(A) how the full integration of Block 4 and Technical Refresh 3 capabilities for each lot of Block 4 production aircraft beginning after lot 14 will affect the average procurement unit cost of United States variants of the F–35A, F–35B, and F–35C aircraft; and

(B) how the establishment of alternate sources of production and sustainment supply and repair parts due to the removal of the Republic of Turkey from the F–35 program will affect such unit cost.

(3) All reports required under section 167 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116–92; 133 Stat. 1250).

(4) An independent cost estimate, prepared by Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation, that defines, for each phase of the F–35 aircraft program, the cost to develop, procure, integrate, and retrofit F–35 aircraft with all Block 4 capability requirements that are specified in the most recent Block 4 capabilities development document.

(5) A plan to correct or mitigate any deficiency in the aircraft, identified as of the date of enactment of this Act—

(A) that may cause death, severe injury or occupational illness, or major loss or damage to equipment or a system, and for which there is no identified workaround (commonly known as a “category 1A deficiency”); or

(B) that critically restricts combat readiness capabilities or results in the inability to attain adequate performance to accomplish mission requirements (commonly known as a “category 1B deficiency”).

(6) A software and hardware capability, upgrade, and aircraft modification plan that defines the cost and schedule for retrofitting F–35 aircraft that currently have Technical Refresh 2 capabilities installed to ensure compatibility with Block 4 and Technical Refresh 3 aircraft capabilities.

(7) The following reports for the F–35 aircraft program, as prepared by the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation:

(A) A report on the results of the realistic survivability testing of the aircraft, as described in section 2366(d) of title 10, United States Code.

(B) A report on the results of the initial operational test and evaluation conducted for program, as described in section 2399(b)(2) of such title.

(8) A mitigation strategy and implementation plan to address each critical deficiency in the F–35 autonomic logistics information system that has been identified as of the date of enactment of this Act.

(9) A certification that the F–35A meets the required mission reliability performance using an average sortie duration of 2 and one-half hours.

(10) A certification that the Secretary has developed and validated a fully integrated and realistic schedule for the development, production and integration of Block 4 Technical Refresh 3 capabilities, that includes a strategy for resolving all software technical debt that has accumulated within the F–35 operational flight program source code during development, production, and integration of Technical Refresh 1 and Technical Refresh 2 capabilities.

(11) (A) A complete list of hardware modifications that will be required to integrate Block 4 capabilities into lot 16 and lot 17 production aircraft.

(B) An estimate of the costs of any engineering changes required as a result of such modifications.

(C) A comparison of those engineering changes and costs with the engineering changes and costs for lot 15 production aircraft.

SEC. 132. Notification on software regression testing for F–35 aircraft.

(a) Notification required.—The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, in consultation with the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, shall notify the congressional defense committees, in writing, not later than 30 days after the date on which mission systems production software for the F–35 aircraft is released to units operating such aircraft under the F–35 continuous capability development and delivery program.

(b) Elements.—The notification required under subsection (a) shall include, with respect to the mission systems production software for the F–35 aircraft, the following:

(1) An explanation of the types and methods of regression testing that were completed for the production release of the software to ensure compatibility and proper functionality with—

(A) the fire control radar system of each variant of the F–35 aircraft; and

(B) all weapons certified for carriage and employment on each variant of the F–35 aircraft.

(2) Identification of any entities that conducted regression testing of the software, including any development facilities of the Federal Government or contractors that conducted such testing.

(3) A list of deficiencies identified during regression testing of the software or by operational units after fielding of the software, and an explanation of—

(A) any software modifications, including quick-reaction capability, that were completed to resolve or mitigate the deficiencies;

(B) with respect to any deficiencies that were not resolved or mitigated, whether the deficiencies will be corrected in later releases of the software; and

(C) any effects resulting from such deficiencies, including—

(i) any effects on the cost and schedule for delivery of the software; and

(ii) in cases in which the deficiencies resulted in additional, unplanned, software releases, any effects on the ongoing testing of software capability releases.

SEC. 133. Notification on efforts to replace inoperable ejection seat aircraft locator beacons.

(a) Notification.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act and on a semi-annual basis thereafter until the date specified in subsection (b), the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to the congressional defense committees a written notification that describes, with respect to the period covered by the notification—

(1) the efforts of the service acquisition executives of the Department of the Air Force and the Department of the Navy to replace ejection seat aircraft locator beacons that are—

(A) installed on covered aircraft; and

(B) inoperable in water or in wet conditions; and

(2) the funding allocated for such efforts.

(b) Date specified.—The date specified in this subsection is the earlier of—

(1) the date on which the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment determines that all ejection seat aircraft locator beacons installed on covered aircraft are operable in water and wet conditions; or

(2) the date that is 5 years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

(c) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term “covered aircraft” means aircraft of the Air Force, the Navy, and the Marine Corps that are equipped with ejection seats.

(2) The term “service acquisition executive of the Department of the Air Force” does not include the Service Acquisition Executive of the Department of the Air Force for Space Systems and Programs described in section 957 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116–92; 10 U.S.C. 9016 note).

SEC. 134. Limitation on use of funds for the Armed Overwatch Program.

None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2021 for procurement for the Armed Overwatch Program of the United States Special Operations Command may be obligated or expended until the date on which—

(1) the Secretary of Defense certifies to the congressional defense committees that—

(A) the Secretary has completed a requirements review of the Armed Overwatch Program; and

(B) the Secretary has conducted a review of the roles and responsibilities of the United States Air Force and the United States Special Operations Command with respect to close air support and armed intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance and, as a result of such review, the Secretary has identified the Armed Overwatch Program as a special operations forces-peculiar requirement; and

(2) the Commander of United States Special Operations Command submits to the congressional defense committees—

(A) certification that the Commander or Deputy Commander has approved the documentation of the Special Operations Command Requirements Evaluation Board; and

(B) a requirements plan for the Armed Overwatch program that includes—

(i) an analysis of alternatives;

(ii) a procurement plan over the period covered by the most recent future-years defense program submitted under section 221 of title 10, United States Code;

(iii) a sustainment plan with projected costs;

(iv) a phase out plan of existing armed intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance platforms;

(v) a manpower and training analysis, and;

(vi) doctrinal considerations for employment; and

(C) a roadmap analyzing whether the near-term to mid-term multi-mission responsibilities of the Armed Overwatch Program are consistent with the intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance requirements of the various special operations forces units and missions, and the geographic combatant commands.

SEC. 135. Investment and sustainment plan for procurement of cannon tubes.

(a) Strategy required.—The Secretary of the Army shall develop a comprehensive, long-term strategy, which shall include a risk assessment, gap analysis, proposed courses of action, investment options, and a sustainment plan, for the development, production, procurement and modernization of cannon and large caliber weapons tubes that mitigates identified risks and gaps to the Army and the defense industrial base.

(b) Elements.—The strategy under subsection (a) shall include the following:

(1) An assessment of the sufficiency of the cannon tube industrial base to meet near and long-term development and production requirements, including an analysis of any capability or capacity gaps that may exist currently or into the future given current and planned program demands.

(2) An analysis of the resources required and planned for the cannon tube industrial base across the future years defense program.

(3) A detailed analysis and explanation of the courses of action necessary to mitigate any existing or projected future capability gaps and deficiencies, including the establishment of a permanent or temporary second source for cannon and large caliber weapons tubes if advisable, feasible, suitable, and affordable.

(4) Funding and timelines associated with the identification, qualification and sustainment of a permanent or temporary second source for cannon and large caliber weapons tubes through full and open competition that would be required to mitigate significant development, production, procurement, and modernization risk in the cannon tube industrial base.

(5) Such other information as the Secretary of the Army determines to be appropriate.

(c) Submittal to congress.—Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the congressional defense committees a copy of the strategy developed under subsection (a).

SEC. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 4201.

SEC. 211. Modification of Science, Mathematics, and Research for Transformation (SMART) Defense Education Program.

(a) Pilot subprogram.—Section 2192a of title 10, United States Code, is amended—

(1) by redesignating subsections (b) through (h) as subsections (c) through (i);

(2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new subsection:

“(b) Requirement for Pilot subprogram.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—As a subprogram of the program under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall carry out a pilot program to be known as the ‘National Security Pipeline Pilot Program’ (referred to in this section as the ‘Pilot Program’) under which the Secretary shall seek to enter into partnerships with minority institutions to diversify the participants in the program under subsection (a).

“(2) ELEMENTS.—Under the Pilot Program, the Secretary of Defense shall—

“(A) provide an appropriate amount of financial assistance under subsection (c) to an individual who is pursuing an associate’s degree, undergraduate degree, or advanced degree at a minority institution;

“(B) provide such financial assistance to recipients in conjunction with summer internship opportunities or other meaningful temporary appointments within the Department; and

“(C) periodically evaluate the success of recruiting individuals for scholarships under this subsection and on hiring and retaining those individuals in the public sector workforce.

“(3) REPORTS.—

“(A) INITIAL REPORT.—Not later than December 31, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the establishment of the Pilot Program. At a minimum, the report shall identify the number of students participating in the pilot program as of the date of the report, the fields of study pursued by such students, and the minority institutions at which such students are enrolled.

“(B) FINAL REPORT.—Not later than September 30, 2024, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that evaluates the success of the pilot program in recruiting individuals for scholarships under this section and hiring and retaining those individuals in the public sector workforce.

“(4) TERMINATION.—The Pilot Program shall terminate on December 31, 2026.”;

(3) in subsection (c)(1), as so redesignated—

(A) in subparagraph (A), by striking “subsection (g)” and inserting “subsection (h)”; and

(B) in subparagraph (C), by striking “subsection (c)” and inserting “subsection (d)”;

(4) in subsection (d), as so redesignated—

(A) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and

(B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new paragraph:

“(3) Pursuant to regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for such purpose, a scholarship recipient who is not serving in the Armed Forces at the time the scholarship is received may fulfill the condition described in paragraph (1) by serving on active duty in the Armed Forces.”; and

(5) by amending subsection (i), as so redesignated, to read as follows:

“(i) Definitions.—In this section:

“(1) The term ‘institution of higher education’ has the meaning given such term in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).

“(2) The term ‘minority institution’ means an institution of higher education at which not less than 50 percent of the total student enrollment consists of students from ethnic groups that are underrepresented in the fields of science and engineering.”.

(b) Additional modifications.—Section 2192a of title 10, United States Code, as amended by subsection (a), is further amended—

(1) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

“(5) In employing participants during the period of obligated service, the Secretary shall ensure that participants are compensated at a rate that is comparable to the rate of compensation for employment in a similar position in the private sector.”.

(2) by redesignating subsections (e) through (i) as subsections (f) through (j), respectively;

(3) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new subsection:

“(e) Internship requirement.—In addition to the period of obligated service required under subsection (d), before completing a degree program for which a scholarship was awarded under this section, each participant shall participate in a paid internship for a period of not less than eight weeks with a defense industry sponsor. The Secretary shall work with each defense industry sponsor to ensure there are sufficient paid internships available for all participants, and that each such defense industry sponsor—

“(1) (A) may be a potential employer for purpose of the participant’s period of obligated service as described subsection (d)(1)(B)(ii); or

“(B) may offer full time employment for a participant’s last year of obligated service after the participant completes remaining years owed; and

“(2) has agreed to be a defense industry sponsor making a minimum contribution for each participant who receives an internship, which shall be a minimum amount determined by the Secretary, but not less than an amount equal to 50 percent of the cost of an average scholarship under this section.”;

(4) in subsection (h), as so redesignated—

(A) by striking “The Secretary of Defense shall” and inserting:

“(1) The Secretary of Defense shall”; and

(B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

“(2) (A) The Secretary of Defense shall establish or designate an organization within the Department of Defense which shall have primary responsibility for building cohesion and collaboration across the various scholarship and employment programs of the Department.

“(B) The organization described in subparagraph (A) shall have the following duties—

“(i) establish an interconnected network and database across the scholarship and employment programs of the Department, including, at a minimum the SMART Defense Education Program, the Defense Civilian Training Corps, the National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate Fellowship, the Army AEOP apprenticeship program, and the Consortium Research Fellows Program;

“(ii) aid in matching scholarships to individuals pursuing courses of study in in-demand skill areas; and

“(iii) build a network of program participants, past, present, and future whom DOD departments can draw on to fill skills gaps.

“(C) On an annual basis, the organization described in subparagraph (A) shall publish, on a publicly accessible website of the Department of Defense, an annual report on the workforce requirements and expected future needs of the civilian workforce of the Department of Defense.”;

(5) by redesignating subsection (j), as so redesignated, as subsection (k);

(6) by inserting after subsection (i) the following new subsection:

“(j) Special rule.—In each year of the program under this section, not less than 20 percent of the applicants who are awarded scholarships shall be individuals pursuing degrees in computer science or a related field of study.”; and

(7) in subsection (k), as so redesignated, by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

“(3) The term ‘defense industry sponsor’ means—

“(A) a defense contractor with an active government contract that makes the required minimum contribution described in subsection (e)(2); or

“(B) a company deemed critical to the national security infrastructure that makes such a contribution.”.

SEC. 212. Enhanced participation of Department of Defense contractors in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics activities.

(a) In general.—

(1) PROGRAM REQUIRED.—Chapter 111 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2192b the following new section:

§ 2192c. Program to enhance contractor participation in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics activities

“(a) In general.—The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a program under which the Secretary shall seek to enter into partnerships with Department of Defense contractors to promote interest in careers in STEM disciplines.

“(b) Objectives.—The objectives of the program under subsection (a) are—

“(1) to maximize strategic partnerships between institutions of higher education and private sector organizations to build and strengthen communities involved in STEM disciplines;

“(2) to increase diversity, equity, and inclusion by providing access to career paths in STEM in historically underserved and underrepresented communities;

“(3) to encourage employers in STEM disciplines to establish work-based learning experiences such as internships and apprenticeships; and

“(4) to build partnerships with minority and woman-owned Department of Defense contractors to establish work-based learning experiences such as internships and apprenticeships.

“(c) Activities.—As part of the program under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall seek to encourage and provide support to Department of Defense contractors to enable such contractors to carry out activities to promote interest in careers in STEM disciplines. Such activities may include—

“(1) aiding in the development of educational programs and curriculum in STEM disciplines for students of elementary schools and secondary schools;

“(2) establishing volunteer programs in elementary schools and secondary schools receiving assistance under part A of title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6311 et seq.) to enhance education in STEM disciplines;

“(3) enhancing education in STEM disciplines at institutions of higher education by—

“(A) making personnel available to advise and assist faculty at such institutions in the performance of research and instruction in STEM disciplines that are determined to be critical to the functions of the Department of Defense;

“(B) awarding scholarships and fellowships to students pursuing courses of study in STEM disciplines; or

“(C) establishing cooperative work-education programs in STEM disciplines for students; or

“(4) enhancing education in STEM disciplines at minority institutions by—

“(A) establishing partnerships between offerors and such institutions for the purpose of training students in STEM disciplines;

“(B) conducting recruitment activities at such institutions; or

“(C) making internships or apprenticeships available to students of such institutions.

“(d) Allowability of costs.—Activities described in subsection (c) shall be considered as allowable community service activities for the purposes of determining allowability of cost on a government contract.

“(e) Definitions.—In this section:

“(1) The terms ‘elementary school’ and ‘secondary school’ have the meanings given those terms in section 8101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).

“(2) The term ‘institution of higher education’ has the meaning given that term in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).

“(3) The term ‘minority institution’ means—

“(A) a part B institution (as that term is defined in section 322(2) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1061(2)); or

“(B) any other institution of higher education (as that term is defined in section 101 of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1001)) at which not less than 50 percent of the total student enrollment consists of students from ethnic groups that are underrepresented in the fields of science and engineering.

“(4) The term ‘STEM disciplines’ means disciplines relating to science, technology, engineering and mathematics, including disciplines that are critical to the national security functions of the Department of Defense and that are needed in the Department of Defense workforce (as determined by the Secretary of Defense under section 2192a(a)).”.

(2) CLERICAL AMENDMENT.—The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2192b the following new item:


“2192c. Program to enhance contractor participation in science, technology, engineering, and math activities.”.

(b) Conforming repeal.—Section 862 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112–81; 10 U.S.C. note prec. 2191) is repealed.

SEC. 213. Modification of requirements relating to certain cooperative research and development agreements.

Section 2350a of title 10, United States Code, is amended—

(1) in subsection (b)(2), by striking “and the Under Secretary” and inserting “or the Under Secretary”;

(2) in subsection (c)—

(A) by striking “Each cooperative” and inserting “(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), each cooperative”; and

(B) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:

“(2) A cooperative research and development project may be entered into under this section under which costs are shared between the participants on an unequal basis if the Secretary of Defense, or an official specified in subsection (b)(2) to whom the Secretary delegates authority under this paragraph, makes a written determination that unequal cost sharing provides strategic value to the United States or another participant in the project.

“(3) For purposes of this subsection, the term ‘cost’ means the total value of cash and non-cash contributions.”;

(3) in subsection (d)—

(A) in paragraph (1), by striking “In order to” and inserting “Except as provided in paragraph (2), in order to”;

(B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and

(C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new paragraph:

“(2) (A) The Secretary of Defense, or an official specified in subsection (b)(2) to whom the Secretary delegates authority under this paragraph, may waive the prohibition under paragraph (1) to allow the procurement of qualified services from a foreign government, foreign research organization, or other foreign entity on a case-by-case basis.

“(B) Not later than 30 days before issuing a waiver under subparagraph (A), the Secretary of Defense or the official specified in subsection (b)(2) to whom the Secretary delegates authority under this paragraph (as the case may be) shall submit to the congressional defense committees, the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate written notice of the intent to issue such a waiver.

“(C) For purposes of this paragraph, the term ‘qualified services’ means engineering support services and local management services, including launch support services, test configuration support services, test range support services, and development support services, that are not covered by a memorandum of understanding (or other formal agreement) to conduct a cooperative research and development project under this section.”.

SEC. 214. Pilot program on talent optimization.

Section 2358b of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

“(e) Pilot program on talent optimization.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, acting through the Director of the Defense Innovation Unit, shall carry out a pilot program to develop a software-based system that enables active duty military units to identify, access, and request support from members of the reserve components who have the skills and expertise necessary to carry out one or more functions required of such units.

“(2) ELEMENTS.—In carrying out the pilot program, the Director of the Defense Innovation Unit shall—

“(A) ensure that the system developed under paragraph (1)—

“(i) enables active duty units, in near real-time, to identify members of the reserve components who have the qualifications necessary to meet certain requirements applicable to the units;

“(ii) improves the ability of the military departments to access, on-demand, members of the reserve components who possess relevant experience; and

“(iii) prioritizes access to members of the reserve components who have private-sector experience in the fields identified in section (b);

“(iv) leverages commercial best practices for similar software systems;

“(B) recommend policies and legislation to streamline the use of members of the reserve components by active duty units; and

“(C) carry out such other activities as the Director determines appropriate.

“(3) TERMINATION.—The authority to carry out the pilot program under this subsection shall terminate on September 30, 2025.”.

SEC. 215. Codification of the National Security Innovation Network.

(a) Codification.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Chapter 139 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2358b the following new section:

§ 2358c. National Security Innovation Network

“(a) Establishment.—The Secretary of Defense shall establish a program office to be known as the ‘National Security Innovation Network’ (referred to in this section as the ‘Network’). The Secretary shall establish the Network within the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering or within the office of another principal staff assistant to the Secretary.

“(b) Responsibilities.—The responsibilities of the Network shall be—

“(1) to create a network throughout the United States that connects the Department of Defense to academic institutions, commercial accelerators and incubators, commercial innovation hubs, and nonprofit entities with missions relating to national security innovation;

“(2) to expand the national security innovation base through integrated, project-based problem solving that leads to novel concept and solution development for the Department and facilitates dual-use venture creation;

“(3) to accelerate the adoption of novel concepts and solutions by facilitating dual-use technology advancement to improve acquisition and procurement outcomes;

“(4) to work in coordination with the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, other principal staff assistants within the Office of the Secretary, and the Armed Forces to create new pathways and models of national security service that facilitate term, temporary, and permanent employment within the Department for—

“(A) students and graduates in the fields of science, technology, arts, engineering, and mathematics;

“(B) early-career and mid-career technologists; and

“(C) entrepreneurs for purposes of project-based work;

“(5) to generate novel concepts and solutions to problems and requirements articulated by entities within the Department through programs, such as the Hacking for Defense program, that combine end users from the Department, students and faculty from academic institutions, and the early-stage dual-use venture community;

“(6) to establish physical locations throughout the United States through which the Network will connect with academic and private sector partners for the purposes of carrying the responsibilities described in paragraphs (1) through (5);

“(7) to leverage commercial software platforms and databases that enable the Department of Defense to—

“(A) source and map user problems to markets and suppliers across venture capital, government innovation, and technology portfolios;

“(B) collaboratively identify potential companies and technologies that can solve unclassified and classified Department of Defense user problems;

“(C) integrate expertise from the venture capital community and private sector subject matter experts;

“(D) evaluate companies and solutions against existing datasets for cyber and foreign ownership risk; and

“(E) access commercial technologies through an accredited and cloud-based development environment, consistent with Department standards; and

“(8) to carry out such other activities as the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the head of the Network, determines to be relevant to such responsibilities.

“(c) Authorities.—In addition to the authorities provided under this section, in carrying out this section, the Secretary of Defense may use the following authorities:

“(1) Section 1599g of this title relating to public-private talent exchanges.

“(2) Section 2368 of this title, relating to Centers for Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnerships.

“(3) Section 2374a of this title, relating to prizes for advanced technology achievements.

“(4) Section 2474 of this title, relating to Centers of Industrial and Technical Excellence.

“(5) Section 2521 of this title, relating to the Manufacturing Technology Program.

“(6) Subchapter VI of chapter 33 of title 5, relating to assignments to and from States.

“(7) Chapter 47 of such title, relating to personnel research programs and demonstration projects.

“(8) Section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) and section 6305 of title 31 relating to cooperative research and development agreements.

“(9) Such other authorities as the Secretary considers appropriate.

“(d) Definitions.—In this section:

“(1) The term ‘dual-use venture’ means a business that provides products or services that are capable of meeting requirements for military and nonmilitary applications.

“(2) The term ‘early-stage dual-use venture’ means a business that provides products or services that are capable of meeting requirements for military and nonmilitary applications that has raised not more than $20,000,000 in private venture capital, and whose principal product or service does not support, either directly or indirectly, a current Department of Defense program of record.”.

(2) CLERICAL AMENDMENT.—The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2358b the following new item:


“2358c. National Security Innovation Network.”.

(b) Implementation.—

(1) TRANSFERS FROM OTHER DOD ELEMENTS.—The Secretary of Defense may transfer to the National Security Innovation Network established under section 2358c of title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection (a)) such personnel, resources, and functions of other organizations and elements of the Department of Defense as the Secretary considers appropriate to carry out such section.

(2) INTEGRATION WITH EXISTING NSIN.—Effective on the date of the enactment of this Act, the National Security Innovation Network of the Department of Defense (as in existence on the day before such date of enactment) shall be transferred to and merged with the National Security Innovation Network established under section 2358c of title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection (a)).

(3) IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.—

(A) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a plan for implementing the National Security Innovation Network under section 2358c of title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection (a)).

(B) ELEMENTS.—The plan required under paragraph (1) shall include the following:

(i) Plans for any transfers the Secretary intends to carry out under paragraph (1).

(ii) Plans for the funding, integration, and evaluation of the Network, including plans for—

(I) future funding and administrative support of the Network;

(II) integration of the Network into the programming, planning, budgeting, and execution process of the Department of Defense;

(III) integration of the Network with the other programs and initiatives within the Department that have missions relating to innovation and outreach to the academic and the private sector early-stage dual-use venture community (as defined in section 2358c of title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection (a)); and

(IV) performance indicators by which the Network will be assessed and evaluated.

(iii) A description of any additional authorities the Secretary may require to ensure that the Network is able to effectively carry out the responsibilities specified in section 2358c(c) of title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection (a)).

(c) Comptroller General reviews and reports.—

(1) REVIEW AND REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.—Not later than 180 days after the date on which the implementation plan is submitted under subsection (b)(3), the Comptroller General of the United States shall—

(A) complete a review of the implementation plan;

(B) submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the results of the review.

(2) PROGRAM EVALUATION AND REPORT.—

(A) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 3 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall—

(i) complete an evaluation of the National Security Innovation Network under section 2358c of title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection (a)); and

(ii) submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on the results of the evaluation.

(B) APPROPRIATE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES DEFINED.—In this paragraph, the term “appropriate congressional committees” means—

(i) the congressional defense committees;

(ii) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate; and

(iii) the Committee on Oversight and Reform of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 216. Modification of pilot program on enhanced civics education.

(a) In general.—Section 234 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116–92; 10 U.S.C. 2164 note) is amended—

(1) in subsection (e)(1)—

(A) in subparagraph (H), by striking “and” at the end; and

(B) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

“(J) the improvement of critical thinking and media literacy among students, including the improvement of students’ abilities with respect to—

“(i) research and information fluency;

“(ii) critical thinking and problem solving skills;

“(iii) technology operations and concepts;

“(iv) information and technological literacy;

“(v) understanding of the importance of obtaining information from multiple media sources and evaluating sources for quality; and

“(vi) understanding how information on digital platforms can be altered through algorithms, editing, and augmented reality; and”; and

(2) in subsection (g), by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

“(3) The term ‘media literacy’ means the ability to—

“(A) access relevant and accurate information through media in a variety of forms;

“(B) critically analyze media content and the influences of different forms of media;

“(C) evaluate the comprehensiveness, relevance, credibility, authority, and accuracy of information;

“(D) make educated decisions based on information obtained from media and digital sources;”.

(b) Deadline for implementation.—Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall implement the pilot program under section 234 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116–92; 10 U.S.C. 2164 note), as amended by subsection (a).

(c) Progress report.—Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the efforts of Secretary to implement the pilot program under section 234 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116–92; 10 U.S.C. 2164 note), as amended by subsection (a).

SEC. 217. Modification of joint artificial intelligence research, development, and transition activities.

Section 238 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115–232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended—

(1) in the section heading, by inserting “and improvement of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center” before the period at the end;

(2) in subsection (a)—

(A) in paragraph (1), by inserting “acquire,” before “develop”; and

(B) by amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:

“(2) EMPHASIS.—The set of activities established under paragraph (1) shall include—

“(A) acquisition and development of mature artificial intelligence technology;

“(B) applying artificial intelligence and machine learning solutions to operational problems by directly delivering artificial intelligence capabilities to the Armed Forces and other organizations and elements of the Department;

“(C) accelerating the development, testing, and fielding of new artificial intelligence and artificial intelligence-enabling capabilities; and

“(D) coordinating and deconflicting activities involving artificial intelligence and artificial intelligence-enabled capabilities within the Department.”;

(3) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:

“(b) Responsible official.—The Deputy Secretary of Defense shall be the official within the Department of Defense with principal responsibility for the coordination of activities relating to the acquisition, development, and demonstration of artificial intelligence and machine learning for the Department.”;

(4) by redesignating subsections (c) through (g) as subsections (d) through (h), respectively;

(5) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new subsection:

“(c) Organization.—

“(1) ROLE OF JOINT ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CENTER.—The set of activities established under subsection (a)(1) shall be established within the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.

“(2) AUTHORITY OF DEPUTY SECRETARY OF DEFENSE.—The Deputy Secretary of Defense shall exercise authority and direction over the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.

“(3) AUTHORITY OF DIRECTOR.—The Director of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center shall report directly to the Deputy Secretary of Defense.

“(4) DELEGATION.—In exercising authority and direction over the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center under subsection (a), the Deputy Secretary of Defense may delegate administrative and ancillary management duties to the Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense, as needed, to effectively and efficiently execute the mission of the Center.”;

(6) in subsection (d), as so redesignated—

(A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking “official designated under subsection (b)” and inserting “Deputy Secretary of Defense”;

(B) in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting “acquire,” before “develop”;

(C) in the heading of paragraph (2), by striking “development” and inserting “acquisition, development,”; and

(D) in paragraph (2)—

(i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking “To the degree practicable, the designated official” and inserting “The Deputy Secretary of Defense”;

(ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking “development” and inserting “acquisition, development,”;

(iii) by redesignating subparagraphs (H) and (I) as subparagraphs (J) and (K), respectively; and

(iv) by inserting after subparagraph (G), the following new subparagraphs:

“(H) develop standard data formats for the Department that—

“(i) aid in defining the relative maturity of datasets; and

“(ii) inform best practices for cost and schedule computation, data collection strategies aligned to mission outcomes, and dataset maintenance practices;

“(I) establish data and model usage agreements and collaborative partnership agreements for artificial intelligence product development with each organization and element of the Department, including each of the Armed Forces;”;

(7) in subsection (e), as so redesignated—

(A) by striking “the official designated under subsection (b)” and inserting “the Director of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center”;

(B) by striking “subsection (c)” and inserting “subsection (d)”; and

(C) by adding at the end the following: “At a minimum, such access shall ensure that the Director has the ability to discover, access, share, and reuse data and models of the Armed Forces and other organizations and elements of the Department of Defense and to build and maintain data for the Department.”;

(8) in subsection (f), as so redesignated—

(A) in paragraph (1)—

(i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking “official designated under subsection (b)” and inserting “Deputy Secretary of Defense”; and

(ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking “designated official” and inserting “Deputy Secretary of defense”; and

(B) in paragraph (2), by striking “designated official” and inserting “Deputy Secretary of Defense”; and

(9) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

“(i) Joint Artificial Intelligence Center defined.—The term ‘Joint Artificial Intelligence Center’ means the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center of the Department of Defense established pursuant to the memorandum of the Secretary of Defense dated June 27, 2018, and titled ‘Establishment of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center’, or any successor to such Center.”.

SEC. 218. Modification of national security innovation activities and manufacturing pilot program.

(a) National security innovation activities.—Section 230 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended—

(1) in subsection (a), by striking “The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall establish” and inserting “The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, acting through the Director of the Defense Innovation Unit, shall establish”;

(2) by redesignating subsections (e) through (h) as subsections (f) through (i), respectively;

(3) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new subsection:

“(e) Establishment of Advisory Board.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—Not earlier than the date specified in paragraph (5), but no later than 180 days after such date, the Under Secretary shall establish an advisory board within the Defense Innovation Unit to advise the Under Secretary and the Director of the Unit with respect to the establishment and prioritization of activities under such subsection (a).

“(2) DUTIES.—The advisory board established under paragraph (1) shall—

“(A) identify activities that should be prioritized for establishment under subsection (a);

“(B) not less frequently that semiannually, reevaluate and update such priorities; and

“(C) ensure continuing alignment of the activities established under subsection (a), including all elements of such activities described in subsection (b), with the overall technology strategy of the Department of Defense.

“(3) MEMBERSHIP.—The advisory board established under paragraph (1) shall be composed of one or more representatives from each of the following:

“(A) Each science and technology reinvention laboratory of the Department of Defense.

“(B) The primary procurement organization of each Armed Force.

“(C) The Defense Innovation Board.

“(D) Such other organizations and elements of the Department of Defense as the Under Secretary, in consultation with the Director of the Defense Innovation Unit, determines appropriate.

“(4) PLAN.—Not later than 90 days before the date on which the advisory board is established under paragraph (1), the Under Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a plan for establishing the advisory board, including a description of the expected roles, responsibilities, and membership of the advisory board.

“(5) DATE SPECIFIED.—The date specified in this paragraph is the date on which funds are first appropriated or otherwise made available to carry out subsection (a).”; and

(4) in subsection (h), as so redesignated, by striking “subsection (h)” and inserting “subsection (i)”.

(b) Pilot program on defense manufacturing.—Section 1711 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115–91; 10 U.S.C. 2505 note) is amended—

(1) in subsection (d), by striking “the date that is four years after the date of the enactment of this Act” and inserting “December 31, 2026”; and

(2) in subsection (e), by striking “January 31, 2022” and inserting “January 31, 2027”.

SEC. 219. Extension of pilot program for the enhancement of the research, development, test, and evaluation centers of the Department of Defense.

(a) In general.—Section 233 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114–328; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended—

(1) in subsection (e), by striking “2022” and inserting “2027”; and

(2) in subsection (f)—

(A) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:

“(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the status of the pilot program.”; and

(B) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

“(F) With respect to any military department not participating in the pilot program, an explanation for such nonparticipation, including identification of—

“(i) any issues that may be preventing such participation; and

“(ii) any offices or other elements of the department that may be responsible for the delay in participation.”.

(b) Technical amendment.—Effective as of December 23, 2016, and as if included therein as enacted, section 233(c)(2)(C)(ii) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114–328; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended by striking “Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics” and inserting “Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology”.

SEC. 220. Digital data management and analytics capability.

(a) Digital data management and analytics capability.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Defense shall develop and implement an advanced digital data management and analytics capability to be used—

(A) to digitally integrate all elements of the acquisition process of the Department of Defense;

(B) to digitally record and track all relevant data generated during the research, development, testing, and evaluation of systems; and

(C) to maximize the use of such data to inform—

(i) the further development and improvement of such systems; and

(ii) the acquisition process for such systems.

(2) REQUIREMENTS.—The capability developed under paragraph (1) shall meet the following requirements:

(A) The capability will be accessible to, and useable by, individuals throughout the Department of Defense who have responsibilities relating to capability requirements, research, design, development, testing, evaluation, acquisition, management, operations, and sustainment of systems.

(B) The capability will provide for the development, use, curation, and maintenance of authoritative and technically accurate digital systems—

(i) to reduce the burden of reporting by officials responsible for executing programs;

(ii) to ensure shared access to data within the Department;

(iii) to supply data to digital engineering models for use in the defense acquisition process;

(iv) to supply data to testing infrastructure and software to support automated approaches for testing, evaluation, and deployment throughout the defense acquisition process; and

(v) to provide timely analyses to Department leadership.

(C) The capability will be designed—

(i) to improve data management processes in the research, development, acquisition, and sustainment activities of the Department;

(ii) to provide decision makers in the Department with timely, high-quality, transparent, and actionable analyses for optimal development, acquisition, and sustainment decision making and execution;

(iii) to facilitate productivity, discovery, access, knowledge sharing, and analysis of acquisition-related data across organizational boundaries at all levels of the Department, including through the development of acquisition documentation; and

(iv) to build and improve analytical models and simulations to enhance the development, test, and use of weapon systems.

(3) SOFTWARE REQUIREMENT.—

(A) IN GENERAL.—The capability developed under paragraph (1) shall include software to collect, organize, manage, make available, and analyze relevant data throughout the life cycle of defense acquisition programs, including any data needed to satisfy milestone requirements and reviews.

(B) PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY.—The software described in subparagraph (A) may be developed or procured using the authorities provided under section 800 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116–92; 133 Stat. 1478).

(4) REVIEW.—In developing the capability required under paragraph (1) the Secretary of Defense shall—

(A) review data content and requirements to support planning and reporting of functions and remove redundant data requests across functions; and

(B) based on such review, develop recommended approaches for—

(i) moving supporting processes from analog to digital format, including planning and reporting processes;

(ii) making new data active through digitalization;

(iii) making legacy data, including data currently residing in program documentation, active through digitalization; and

(iv) modernizing the storage, retrieval, and reporting capabilities for stakeholders within the Department, including research entities, Program Management Offices, analytic organizations, enterprise oversight, and decision makers.

(b) Demonstration activities.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Defense shall carry out demonstration activities to test various approaches to building the capability required under subsection (a).

(2) PROGRAM SELECTION.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall assess and select not fewer than two and not more than five programs of the Department of Defense to participate in the demonstration activities under paragraph (1), including—

(A) one or more acquisition data management test cases; and

(B) one or more development and test modeling and simulation test cases to demonstrate the ability to collect data from tests and operations in the field, and feed the data back into models and simulations for better software development and testing.

(3) ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.—As part of the demonstration activities under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall—

(A) conduct a comparative analysis that assesses the risks and benefits of the digital management and analytics capability used in each of the programs participating in the demonstration activities relative to the Department’s traditional data collection, reporting, exposing, and analysis approaches;

(B) ensure that the intellectual property strategy for each of the programs participating in the demonstration activities is best aligned to meet the goals of the program; and

(C) develop a workforce and infrastructure plan to support any new policies and guidance implemented in connection with the demonstration activities, including any policies and guidance implemented after the completion of such activities.

(c) Policies and guidance required.—Not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, based on the results of the demonstration activities carried out under subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense shall issue or modify policies and guidance to—

(1) promote the use of digital management and analytics capabilities; and

(2) address roles, responsibilities, and procedures relating to such capabilities.

(d) Steering committee.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Defense shall establish a steering committee to assist the Secretary in carrying out subsections (a) through (c).

(2) MEMBERSHIP.—The steering committee shall be composed of the following members or their designees:

(A) The Chief Management Officer.

(B) The Chief Information Officer.

(C) The Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation.

(D) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.

(E) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.

(F) The Director of Operational Test and Evaluation.

(G) The Service Acquisition Executives.

(H) The Director for Force Structure, Resources, and Assessment of the Joint Staff.

(I) The Director of the Defense Digital Service.

(e) Independent assessments.—

(1) INITIAL ASSESSMENT.—

(A) IN GENERAL.—The Defense Innovation Board, in consultation with the Defense Digital Service, shall conduct an independent assessment to identify recommended approaches for the implementation of subsections (a) through (c).

(B) ELEMENTS.—The assessment under subparagraph (A) shall include the following:

(i) A plan for the development and implementation of the capability required under subsection (a), including a plan for any procurement that may be required as part of such development and implementation.

(ii) An independent cost assessment of the total estimated cost of developing and implementing the capability.

(iii) An independent estimate of the schedule for the development and implementation of the capability, including a reasonable estimate of the dates on which the capability can be expected to achieve initial operational capability and full operational capability, respectively.

(iv) A recommendation identifying the office or other organization of the Department of Defense that would be most appropriate to manage and execute the capability.

(C) REPORT.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Defense Innovation Board, in consultation with the Defense Digital Service, shall submit to the Secretary of Defense and the congressional defense committees a report on the findings of the assessment under subparagraph (A), including the findings of the assessment with respect to each element specified in subparagraph (B).

(2) FINAL ASSESSMENT.—

(A) IN GENERAL.—Not later than March 15, 2022, the Defense Innovation Board and the Defense Science Board shall jointly complete an independent assessment of the progress of the Secretary in implementing subsections (a) through (c). The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the Defense Innovation Board and the Defense Science Board have access to the resources, data, and information necessary to complete the assessment.

(B) INFORMATION TO CONGRESS.—Not later than 30 days after the date on which the assessment under subparagraph (A) is completed, the Defense Innovation Board and the Defense Science Board shall jointly provide to the congressional defense committees—

(i) a report summarizing the assessment; and

(ii) a briefing on the findings of the assessment.

(f) Report and briefing.—

(1) REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION.—Not later than 90 days after the date on which the report described in subsection (e)(1)(C) is submitted to the congressional defense committees, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the progress of the Secretary in implementing subsections (a) through (c). The report shall include an explanation of how the results of the demonstration activities carried out under subsection (b) will be incorporated into the policy and guidance required under subsection (c), particularly the policy and guidance of the members of the steering committee established under subsection (d).

(2) BRIEFING ON LEGISLATIVE RECOMMENDATIONS.—Not later than October 15, 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives a briefing that identifies any changes to existing law that may be necessary to facilitate the implementation of subsections (a) through (c).

SEC. 221. Social science, management science, and information science research activities.

(a) Establishment.—The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall carry out a program of research and development in social science, management science, and information science.

(b) Purposes.—The purposes of the program required under subsection (a) are as follows:

(1) To ensure that the Department of Defense has access to innovation and expertise in social science, management science, and information science to enable the Department to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the Department’s operational and management activities.

(2) To coordinate all research and development within the Department in the fields of social science, management science, and information science.

(3) To enhance cooperation and collaboration on research and development in the fields of social science, management science, and information science among the Department of Defense and appropriate private sector and international entities that are involved in such research and development.

(4) To develop and manage a portfolio of research initiatives in fundamental and applied social science, management science, and information science that is stable, consistent, and balanced across relevant disciplines.

(5) To accelerate efforts to transition and deploy technologies and concepts derived from research and development in the fields of social science, management science, and information science into the Department of Defense, and to establish policies, procedures, and standards for measuring the success of such efforts.

(6) To collect, synthesize, and disseminate critical information on research and development in the fields of social science, management science, and information science.

(7) To support the missions and systems of the Department by developing the fields of social science, management science, and information science, including by supporting—

(A) appropriate research and innovation in such fields; and

(B) the development of an industrial base in such fields, including development of the facilities, workforce, and infrastructure that comprise such industrial base.

(c) Administration.—The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall supervise the planning, management, and coordination of the program under subsection (a).

(d) Activities.—The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, the Secretaries of the military departments, and the heads of relevant Defense Agencies, shall—

(1) prescribe a set of long-term challenges and a set of specific technical goals for the program, including—

(A) optimization of analysis of national security data sets;

(B) development of defense-related management innovation activities;

(C) improving the operational use of social science, management science, and information science innovations by military commanders and civilian leaders;

(D) improving understanding of the fundamental social, cultural, and behavioral forces that shape the strategic interests of the United States; and

(E) developing a Department of Defense workforce capable of developing and leveraging innovations and best practices in the fields of social science, management science, and information science to support defense missions;

(2) develop a coordinated and integrated research and investment plan for meeting near-term, mid-term, and long-term national security, defense-related, and Department management challenges that—

(A) includes definitive milestones;

(B) provides for achieving specific technical goals; and

(C) builds upon the investments of the Department, other departments and agencies of the Federal Government, and the commercial sector in the fields of social science, management science, and information science;

(3) develop plans for—

(A) the development of the Department’s workforce in social science, management science, and information science; and

(B) enhancing awareness of social science, management science, and information science within the Department; and

(4) develop memoranda of agreement, joint funding agreements, and such other cooperative arrangements as the Under Secretary determines necessary for carrying out the program under subsection (a).

(e) Guidance required.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall develop and issue guidance for defense-related social science, management science, and information science activities, including—

(A) classification and data management plans for such activities;

(B) policies for control of personnel participating in such activities to minimize the effects of the loss of intellectual property in social science, management science, and information science considered sensitive to the Federal Government; and

(C) ensuring transition of social science, management science, and information science research findings into Department strategic documents.

(2) UPDATES.—Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall regularly update the guidance issued under paragraph (4).

(f) Research centers.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of each military department may establish or designate an entity or activity under the jurisdiction of such Secretary, which may include a Department of Defense Laboratory, to serve as a research center in the fields of social science, management science, and information science. Each such research center shall engage with appropriate public sector and private sector organizations, including academic institutions, to enhance and accelerate the research, development, and deployment of social science, management science, and information science within the Department.

(2) MINIMUM NUMBER.—The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that not less than one research center is established or designated under paragraph (1) by not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

(g) Report.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than December 31, 2022, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the program.

(2) FORM OF REPORT.—The report required under paragraph (1) may be submitted in unclassified or classified form.

SEC. 222. Measuring and incentivizing programming proficiency.

(a) In general.—Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall carry out the following activities:

(1) Leverage existing civilian software development and software architecture certification programs to implement coding language proficiency and artificial intelligence competency tests within the Department of Defense that—

(A) measure an individual’s competency in using machine learning tools, in a manner similar to the way the Defense Language Proficiency Test measures competency in foreign language skills;

(B) enable the identification of members of the Armed Forces and civilian employees of the Department of Defense who have varying levels of quantified coding comprehension and skills and a propensity to learn new programming paradigms, algorithms, and data analytics; and

(C) include hands-on coding demonstrations and challenges.

(2) Update existing record keeping systems to track artificial intelligence and programming certification testing results in a manner that is comparable to the system used for tracking and documenting foreign language competency, and use that record keeping system to ensure that workforce coding and artificial intelligence comprehension and skills are taken into consideration when making assignments.

(3) Implement a system of rewards, including appropriate incentive pay and retention incentives, for members of the Armed Forces and civilian employees of the Department of Defense who perform successfully on specific language coding proficiency and artificial intelligence competency tests and make their skills available to the Department.

(b) Information sharing with other Federal agencies.—The Secretary of Defense shall share information on the activities carried out under subsection (a) with the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Attorney General, the Director of National Intelligence, and the heads of such other organizations of the intelligence community as the Secretary determines appropriate, for purposes of—

(1) making information about the coding language proficiency and artificial intelligence competency tests developed under such subsection available to other Federal national security agencies; and

(2) encouraging the heads of such agencies to implement tracking and reward systems that are comparable to those implemented by the Department of Defense pursuant to such subsection.

SEC. 223. Information technology modernization and security efforts.

(a) Modernization effort.—

(1) DEFINITIONS.—In this subsection—

(A) the term “Assistant Secretary” means the Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Communications and Information;

(B) the term “covered agency”—

(i) means any Federal entity that the Assistant Secretary determines is appropriate; and

(ii) includes the Department of Defense;

(C) the term “Federal entity” has the meaning given the term in section 113(l) of the National Telecommunications and Information Administration Organization Act (47 U.S.C. 923(l));

(D) the term “Federal spectrum” means frequencies assigned on a primary basis to a covered agency;

(E) the term “infrastructure” means information technology systems and information technologies, tools, and databases; and

(F) the term “NTIA” means the National Telecommunications and Information Administration.

(2) INITIAL INTERAGENCY SPECTRUM INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY COORDINATION.—Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Assistant Secretary, in consultation with the Policy and Plans Steering Group, shall identify a process to establish goals, including parameters to measure the achievement of those goals, for the modernization of the infrastructure of covered agencies relating to managing the use of Federal spectrum by those agencies, which shall include—

(A) the standardization of data inputs, modeling algorithms, modeling and simulation processes, analysis tools with respect to Federal spectrum, assumptions, and any other tool to ensure interoperability and functionality with respect to that infrastructure;

(B) other potential innovative technological capabilities with respect to that infrastructure, including cloud-based databases, artificial intelligence technologies, automation, and improved modeling and simulation capabilities;

(C) ways to improve the management of covered agencies’ use of Federal spectrum through that infrastructure, including by—

(i) increasing the efficiency of that infrastructure;

(ii) addressing validation of usage with respect to that infrastructure;

(iii) increasing the accuracy of that infrastructure;

(iv) validating models used by that infrastructure; and

(v) monitoring and enforcing requirements that are imposed on covered agencies with respect to the use of Federal spectrum by covered agencies;

(D) ways to improve the ability of covered agencies to meet mission requirements in congested environments with respect to Federal spectrum, including as part of automated adjustments to operations based on changing conditions in those environments;

(E) the creation of a time-based automated mechanism—

(i) to share Federal spectrum between covered agencies to collaboratively and dynamically increase access to Federal spectrum by those agencies; and

(ii) that could be scaled across Federal spectrum; and

(F) the collaboration between covered agencies necessary to ensure the interoperability of Federal spectrum.

(3) SPECTRUM INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MODERNIZATION.—

(A) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 240 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Assistant Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that contains the plan of the NTIA to modernize and automate the infrastructure of the NTIA relating to managing the use of Federal spectrum by covered agencies so as to more efficiently manage that use.

(B) CONTENTS.—The report required under subparagraph (A) shall include—

(i) an assessment of the current, as of the date on which the report is submitted, infrastructure of the NTIA described in that paragraph;

(ii) an acquisition strategy for the modernized infrastructure of the NTIA described in that paragraph, including how that modernized infrastructure will enable covered agencies to be more efficient and effective in the use of Federal spectrum;

(iii) a timeline for the implementation of the modernization efforts described in that paragraph;

(iv) plans detailing how the modernized infrastructure of the NTIA described in that paragraph will—

(I) enhance the security and reliability of that infrastructure so that such infrastructure satisfies the requirements of the Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002 (Public Law 107–296; 116 Stat. 2135);

(II) improve data models and analysis tools to increase the efficiency of the spectrum use described in that paragraph;

(III) enhance automation and workflows, and reduce the scope and level of manual effort, in order to—

(aa) administer the management of the spectrum use described in that paragraph; and

(bb) improve data quality and processing time; and

(IV) improve the timeliness of spectrum analyses and requests for information, including requests submitted pursuant to section 552 of title 5, United States Code;

(v) an operations and maintenance plan with respect to the modernized infrastructure of the NTIA described in that paragraph;

(vi) a strategy for coordination between the covered agencies within the Policy and Plans Steering Group, which shall include—

(I) a description of—

(aa) those coordination efforts, as in effect on the date on which the report is submitted; and

(bb) a plan for coordination of those efforts after the date on which the report is submitted, including with respect to the efforts described in paragraph (4);

(II) a plan for standardizing—

(aa) electromagnetic spectrum analysis tools;

(bb) modeling and simulation processes and technologies; and

(cc) databases to provide technical interference assessments that are usable across the Federal Government as part of a common spectrum management infrastructure for covered agencies;

(III) a plan for each covered agency to implement a modernization plan described in paragraph (4)(A) that is tailored to the particular timeline of the agency;

(vii) identification of manually intensive processes involved in managing Federal spectrum and proposed enhancements to those processes;

(viii) metrics to evaluate the success of the modernization efforts described in that paragraph and any similar future efforts; and

(ix) an estimate of the cost of the modernization efforts described in that paragraph and any future maintenance with respect to the modernized infrastructure of the NTIA described in that paragraph, including the cost of any personnel and equipment relating to that maintenance.

(4) INTERAGENCY INPUTS.—

(A) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the head of each covered agency shall submit to the Assistant Secretary and the Policy and Plans Steering Group a report that describes the plan of the agency to modernize the infrastructure of the agency with respect to the use of Federal spectrum by the agency so that such modernized infrastructure of the agency is interoperable with the modernized infrastructure of the NTIA, as described in paragraph (3).

(B) CONTENTS.—Each report submitted by the head of a covered agency under subparagraph (A) shall—

(i) include—

(I) an assessment of the current, as of the date on which the report is submitted, management capabilities of the agency with respect to the use of frequencies that are assigned to the agency, which shall include a description of any challenges faced by the agency with respect to that management;

(II) a timeline for completion of the modernization efforts described in that paragraph; and

(III) a description of potential innovative technological capabilities for the management of frequencies that are assigned to the agency, as determined under paragraph (2);

(IV) identification of agency-specific requirements or constraints relating to the infrastructure of the agency;

(V) identification of any existing, as of the date on which the report is submitted, systems of the agency that are duplicative of the modernized infrastructure of the NTIA, as proposed under paragraph (3); and

(VI) with respect to the report submitted by the Secretary of Defense—

(aa) a strategy for the integration of systems or the flow of data among the Armed Forces, the military departments, the Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities, and other components of the Department of Defense;

(bb) a plan for the implementation of solutions to the use of Federal spectrum by the Department of Defense involving information at multiple levels of classification; and

(cc) a strategy for addressing, within the modernized infrastructure of the Department of Defense described in that paragraph, the exchange of information between the Department of Defense and the NTIA in order to accomplish required processing of all Department of Defense domestic spectrum coordination and management activities; and

(ii) be submitted in an unclassified format, with a classified annex, as appropriate.

(C) NOTIFICATION OF CONGRESS.—Upon submission of the report required under subparagraph (A), the head of each covered agency shall notify Congress that the head of the covered agency has submitted the report.

(5) GAO OVERSIGHT.—The Comptroller General of the United States shall—

(A) not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, conduct a review of the infrastructure of covered agencies, as that infrastructure exists on the date of enactment of this Act;

(B) after all of the reports required under paragraph (4) have been submitted, conduct oversight of the implementation of the modernization plans submitted by the NTIA and covered agencies under paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively;

(C) not later than 1 year after the date on which the Comptroller General begins conducting oversight under subparagraph (B), and annually thereafter, submit a report regarding that oversight to—

(i) with respect to the implementation of the modernization plan of the Department of Defense, the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives; and

(ii) with respect to the implementation of the modernization plans of all covered agencies, including the Department of Defense, the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives; and

(D) provide regular briefings to—

(i) with respect to the application of this section to the Department of Defense, the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives; and

(ii) with respect to the application of this section to all covered agencies, including the Department of Defense, the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives.

(b) Telecommunications security program.—

(1) PROGRAM REQUIRED.—The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a program to identify and mitigate vulnerabilities in the telecommunications infrastructure of the Department of Defense.

(2) ELEMENTS.—In carrying out the program under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall—

(A) develop a capability to communicate clearly and authoritatively about threats by foreign adversaries;

(B) conduct independent red-team security analysis of Department of Defense systems, subsystems, devices, and components including no-knowledge testing and testing with limited or full knowledge of expected functionalities;

(C) verify the integrity of personnel who are tasked with design fabrication, integration, configuration, storage, test, and documentation of noncommercial 5G technology to be used by the Department of Defense;

(D) verify the efficacy of the physical security measures used at Department of Defense locations where system design, fabrication, integration, configuration, storage, test, and documentation of 5G technology occurs;

(E) direct the Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense to use the Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program (commonly known as “FedRAMP”) moderate or high cloud standard baselines, supplemented with the Department’s FedRAMP cloud standard controls and control enhancements, to assess 5G core service providers whose services will be used by the Department of Defense through the Department’s provisional authorization process; and

(F) direct the Defense Information Systems Agency and the United States Cyber Command to Develop a capability for continuous, independent monitoring of packet streams for 5G data on frequencies assigned to the Department of Defense to validate availability, confidentiality, and integrity of Department of Defense communications systems.

(3) IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.—Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a plan for the implementation of the program under paragraph (1).

(4) REPORT REQUIRED.—Not later than 270 days after submitting the plan under paragraph (3), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report that includes—

(A) a comprehensive assessment of the findings and conclusions of the program under paragraph (1);

(B) recommendations on how to mitigate vulnerabilities in the Department of Defense telecommunications infrastructure; and

(C) an explanation of how the Department of Defense plans to implement such recommendations.

SEC. 224. Board of Directors for the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.

(a) Establishment.—The Secretary of Defense shall establish a Board of Directors for the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.

(b) Duties.—The duties of the Board of Directors shall be the following:

(1) Provide strategic guidance to the Director of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.

(2) Advise the Secretary on matters relating to the development and use of artificial intelligence by the Department of Defense.

(3) Evaluate and advise the Secretary on ethical matters relating to the development and use of artificial intelligence by the Department.

(4) Conduct long-term and long-range studies on matters relating to artificial intelligence.

(5) Evaluate and provide recommendations to the Secretary regarding the Department’s development of a robust workforce proficient in artificial intelligence.

(6) Assist the Secretary in developing strategic level guidance on artificial intelligence-related hardware procurement and supply-chain matters.

(7) Monitor and provide recommendations to the Secretary on computing power, usage, storage, and other technical matters relating to artificial intelligence.

(c) Membership.—The Board of Directors shall be composed of the following members:

(1) The official within the Department of Defense to whom the Director of the Joint Artificial intelligence center directly reports.

(2) The Under Secretary of Defense for Policy.

(3) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.

(4) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.

(5) The Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and Security.

(6) The Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness.

(7) Not more than five members from academic or private sector organizations outside the Department of Defense, who shall be appointed by the Secretary.

(d) Chairperson.—The chairperson of the Board of Directors shall be the official described in subsection (c)(1).

(e) Meetings.—The Board of Directors shall meet not less than once each fiscal quarter and may meet at other times at the call of the chairperson or a majority of the Board’s members.

(f) Reports.—Not later than September 30 of each year through September 30, 2024, the Board of Directors shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that summarizes the activities of the Board over the preceding year.

(g) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term “artificial intelligence” has the meaning given that term in section 238(g) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115–232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).

(2) The term “Board of Directors” means the Board of Directors established under subsection (a).

(3) The term “Joint Artificial Intelligence Center” means the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center of the Department of Defense established pursuant to the memorandum of the Secretary of Defense dated June 27, 2018, and titled “Establishment of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center”, or any successor to such Center.

(4) The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Defense.

SEC. 225. Directed Energy Working Group.

(a) In general.—The Secretary of Defense shall establish a working group, to be known as the “Directed Energy Working Group”.

(b) Responsibilities.—The working group shall—

(1) discuss the current and planned directed energy programs of each of the military departments;

(2) make recommendations to the Secretary of Defense about establishing memoranda of understanding among the organizations and elements of the Department of Defense to coordinate directed energy activities using amounts authorized to be appropriated for research, development, test, and evaluation;

(3) identify methods of quickly fielding directed energy capabilities and programs; and

(4) develop a compendium on the effectiveness of directed energy weapon systems and integrate the compendium into an overall Joint Effectiveness Manual under the guidance from the Joint Technical Coordination Group for Munitions Effectiveness.

(c) Head of working group.—The head of the working group shall be the Assistant Director of Directed Energy of the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.

(d) Membership.—The members of the working group shall be appointed by not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, as follows:

(1) One member from each military department, appointed by the Secretary of the military department concerned.

(2) One member appointed by the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.

(3) One member appointed by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.

(4) One member appointed by the Director of the Strategic Capabilities Office of the Department of Defense.

(5) One member appointed by the Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

(e) Reports to Congress.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and not less frequently than once every 180 days thereafter, the working group shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the progress of each directed energy program being developed or fielded by the Department of Defense.

(f) Termination.—The working group under this section shall terminate 4 years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 226. Program Executive Officer for Autonomy.

(a) In general.—Not later than February 1, 2022, the Secretary of the Navy shall designate a program executive officer for autonomy who shall be the official within the Department of the Navy with primary responsibility for the development and integration of autonomous technology into weapon systems.

(b) Program executive officer defined.—In this section, the term “program executive officer” has the meaning given that term in section 1737(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 227. Accountability measures relating to the Advanced Battle Management System.

(a) Independent cost estimate.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation shall—

(A) review any cost estimate of the Advanced Battle Management System prepared by the Department of the Air Force; and

(B) conduct an independent cost estimate of the full life-cycle cost of the Advanced Battle Management System.

(2) SUBMITTAL TO CONGRESS.—At the same time as the budget of the President for fiscal year 2022 is submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the results of the review and independent cost estimate conducted under paragraph (1).

(b) Air Force briefing requirement.—Section 147(g) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115–232; 132 Stat. 1670) is amended by adding at the end the following: “Each briefing shall include a detailed explanation of any on-ramp exercise of the Advanced Battle Management System conducted during the quarter covered by the report, including an explanation of—

“(1) the objectives achieved by the exercise;

“(2) the realism of the exercise, including identification of the portions of the exercise that were scripted and unscripted and any technical workarounds or substitutes used for purposes of the exercise;

“(3) the interim capabilities provided to combatant commanders after the conclusion of the exercise (commonly known as ‘leave behind’ capabilities) and a plan for the sustainment or upgrade of such capabilities; and

“(4) the total cost of the exercise and a breakdown of the costs with respect to technology, range and demonstration resources, personnel, and logistics.”.

(c) Reports.—Not later than December 20, 2020, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees the following reports on the Advanced Battle Management System:

(1) REPORT ON PLANNED CAPABILITIES.—A report on the planned product line capabilities of the Advanced Battle Management System, including—

(A) a description of the technologies needed to implement and achieve such product line capabilities;

(B) a timeline for the technical maturation of such product line capabilities; and

(C) a notional schedule for fielding such product line capabilities over the period covered by the current future-years defense program under section 221 of title 10, United States Code.

(2) REPORT ON ACQUISITION AUTHORITIES.—A report on the allocation of responsibilities among the individuals and entities responsible for acquisition for the Advanced Battle Management System, including an explanation of how decision-making and governance of the acquisition process is allocated among the Chief Architect Integration Office and other entities that are expected provide capabilities for the System.

(3) REPORT ON ALIGNMENT WITH COMMON MISSION CONTROL CENTER.—A report, which may be submitted in classified or unclassified form, that explains how, and to what extent, the Advanced Battle Management System will be aligned and coordinated with the Common Mission Control Center of the Air Force.

(d) Report on security measures.—At the same time as the budget of the President for fiscal year 2022 is submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that describes how the Secretary plans to ensure the security of the Advanced Battle Management System, including a description of any information assurance and anti-tamper requirements for the System.

(e) Advanced Battle Management System defined.—In this section, the term “Advanced Battle Management System” has the meaning given that term in section 236(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116–92; 133 Stat. 1281).

SEC. 228. Measures to address foreign talent programs.

(a) List of programs.—The Secretary of Defense shall develop and maintain a list of foreign talent programs that pose a threat to the national security interests of the United States, as determined by the Secretary.

(b) Criteria.—In developing the list under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall consider—

(1) the extent to which a foreign talent program—

(A) poses a threat to research funded by the Department of Defense; and

(B) engages in, or facilitates, cyber attacks, theft, espionage, or otherwise interferes in the affairs of the United States; and

(2) any other factors the Secretary determines appropriate.

(c) Information to Congress.—Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a copy of the list developed under subsection (a).

(d) Publication in Federal Register.—Not later than 30 days after making the submission required under subsection (c), the Secretary of Defense shall publish the list developed under subsection (a) in the Federal Register.

(e) Notice and comment period.—The list developed under subsection (a), and any guidance, rules, updates, or other requirements relating to such list, shall not take effect until such list, or any such guidance, rules, updates, or other requirements (as the case may be) have been—

(1) published in the Federal Register; and

(2) open for public comment for a period of not less than 60 days.

(f) Foreign talent program defined.—In this section, the term “foreign talent program” has the meaning given that term for purposes of section 1286 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115–232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).

SEC. 229. Disclosure of foreign funding sources in applications for Federal research awards.

(a) Disclosure requirement.—Each Federal research agency shall require—

(1) any individual applying for funds from that agency as a principal investigator or co-principal investigator under a grant or cooperative agreement to disclose all current and pending support and the sources of such support at the time of the application for funds; and

(2) any institution of higher education applying for funds from that agency to certify that every principal investigator or co-principal investigator who is employed by the institution of higher education and is applying for such funds has been made aware of the requirement under paragraph (1).

(b) Consistency.—The Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, acting through the National Science and Technology Council and in accordance with the authority provided under section 1746 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116–92; 42 U.S.C. 6601 note) shall ensure that the requirements issued by Federal research agencies under subsection (a) are consistent.

(c) Enforcement.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—In the event that an individual or entity violates the disclosure requirements under subsection (a), a Federal research agency may take one or more of the following actions against such individual or entity:

(A) Reject an application for a grant or cooperative agreement because the disclosed current and pending support violates agency terms and conditions.

(B) Reject an application for a grant or cooperative agreement because current and pending support have not been disclosed as required under subsection (a).

(C) Temporarily or permanently discontinue any or all funding from that agency for any principal investigator or co-principal investigator who has failed to properly disclose current and pending support pursuant to subsection (a).

(D) Temporarily or permanently suspend or debar a researcher, in accordance with part 180 of title 2, Code of Federal Regulations, from receiving funding from that agency when failure to disclose current and pending support pursuant to subsection (a) as done knowingly and willfully.

(E) Refer a failure to disclose under subsection (a) to Federal law enforcement authorities to determine whether any criminal statutes have been violated.

(2) NOTICE.—A Federal research agency intending to take action under any of subparagraph (A), (B), (C), or (D) of paragraph (1) shall notify the institution of higher education, principal investigator and any co-principal investigators subject to such action about the specific reason for the action, and shall provide the institution, principal investigator, and co-principal investigator, as applicable, with the opportunity and a process by which to contest the proposed action.

(3) EVIDENTIARY STANDARDS.—A Federal research agency seeking suspension or debarment under paragraph (1)(D) shall abide by the procedures and evidentiary standards set forth in part 180 of title 2, Code of Federal Regulations.

(d) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) CURRENT AND PENDING SUPPORT.—The term “current and pending support” means all resources made available to an individual in direct support of the individual’s research efforts, regardless of whether such resources have monetary value, and includes in-kind contributions requiring a commitment of time and directly supporting the individual’s research efforts, such as the provision of office or laboratory space, equipment, supplies, employees, and students.

(2) INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION.—The term “institution of higher education” has the meaning given that term in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).

(3) FEDERAL RESEARCH AGENCY.—The term “Federal research agency” includes the following and any organizations and elements thereof:

(A) The Department of Agriculture.

(B) The Department of Commerce.

(C) The Department of Defense.

(D) The Department of Education.

(E) The Department of Energy.

(F) The Department of Health and Human Services.

(G) The Department of Homeland Security.

(H) The Department of Transportation.

(I) The Environmental Protection Agency.

(J) The National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

(K) The National Science Foundation.

SEC. 230. Limitations relating to large unmanned surface vessels and associated offensive weapon systems.

(a) Limitation on availability of funds for LUSV.—

(1) LIMITATION.—None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2021 for the Department of the Navy for the procurement of a large unmanned surface vessel may be obligated or expended until a period of 60 days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of the Navy submits to the congressional defense committees the certification described in paragraph (2).

(2) CERTIFICATION DESCRIBED.—The certification described in this paragraph is a written statement of the Secretary of the Navy certifying, with respect to any large unmanned surface vessel to be procured by the Secretary, the following:

(A) A hull system, a mechanical system, and an electrical system have been developed for the vessel and each system—

(i) has attained a technology readiness level of seven or greater; and

(ii) can be operated autonomously for a minimum of 30 days.

(B) A command control system has been developed for the vessel and the system—

(i) can be operated autonomously;

(ii) includes autonomous detection; and

(iii) has attained a technology readiness level of seven or greater.

(C) A detailed plan has been developed for measuring and demonstrating the reliability of the vessel.

(D) All payloads expected to be carried on the vessel have attained a technology readiness level of seven or greater.

(b) Limitation on LUSV weapon integration.—The Secretary of the Navy may not integrate any offensive weapon system into a large unmanned surface vessel until the date on which the Secretary of the Defense certifies to the congressional defense committees that any large unmanned surface vessel that employs offensive weapons will comply with the law of armed conflict. Such certification shall include a detailed explanation of how such compliance will be achieved.

SEC. 231. Limitation on availability of funds pending review and report on next generation air dominance capabilities.

(a) Limitation on Air Force funds.—Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2021 for the next generation air dominance initiative of the Air Force, not more than 85 percent may be obligated or expended until the date on which the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation submits the report required under subsection (d)(1).

(b) Limitation on Navy funds.—Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2021 for the next generation air dominance initiative of the Navy, not more than 85 percent may be obligated or expended until the date on which the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation submits the report required under subsection (d)(2).

(c) Reviews.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation shall conduct—

(A) a non-advocate review of the next generation air dominance initiative of the Air Force; and

(B) a non-advocate review of the next generation air dominance initiative of the Navy.

(2) ELEMENTS.—Each review under paragraph (1) shall include an assessment of—

(A) all risks associated with cost, schedule, development, integration, production, fielding, and sustainment of next generation air dominance capabilities;

(B) the technological maturity of significant hardware and software efforts planned or carried out as part of the development of such capabilities; and

(C) affordability goals that the Air Force and the Navy (as the case may be) will be required to achieve during development, production, and sustainment activities for such capabilities that will not jeopardize or otherwise be detrimental to other high-priority future capabilities being developed and procured to support and execute other primary core competencies and missions.

(d) Reports.—The Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation shall submit to the congressional defense committees—

(1) a report on the results of the review conducted under subsection (c)(1)(A) with respect to the Air Force; and

(2) a report on the results of the review conducted under subsection (c)(1)(B) with respect to the Navy.

SEC. 232. Modification of mechanisms for expedited access to technical talent and expertise at academic institutions.

Section 217 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115–91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended—

(1) in subsection (a)(2), by inserting “training,” after “management,”;

(2) in subsection (e)—

(A) in paragraph (28) by striking “Infrastructure resilience” and inserting “Additive manufacturing”;

(B) by redesignating paragraph (30) as paragraph (33); and

(C) by inserting after paragraph (29) the following new paragraphs:

“(30) Corrosion prevention and control.

“(31) Advanced manufacturing for metal casting.

“(32) 3D and virtual technology training platforms.”;

(3) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsection (g) and (h), respectively;

(4) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new subsection:

“(f) Requirement To establish consortia.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—In carrying out subsection (a)(1)—

“(A) the Secretary of Defense shall seek to establish at least one multi-institution consortium through the Office of the Secretary of Defense;

“(B) the Secretary of the Army shall seek to establish at least one multi-institution consortium through the Army;

“(C) the Secretary of the Navy shall seek to establish at least one multi-institution consortium through the Navy; and

“(D) the Secretary of the Air Force shall seek to establish at least one multi-institution consortium through the Air Force.

“(2) REPORT REQUIRED.—Not later than September 30, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the status of the efforts to establish consortia under paragraph (1).”; and

(5) in subsection (g), as so redesignated, by striking “2022” and inserting “2026”.

SEC. 233. Designation of Academic Liaison to protect against emerging threats.

(a) In general.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall do the following:

(1) Designate an official serving within the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering to work with the academic and research communities to protect academic research funded by the Department of Defense from undue foreign influences and threats.

(2) Set forth the responsibilities of the official designated under paragraph (1), including—

(A) serving as the liaison of the Department of Defense with the academic and research communities;

(B) carrying out initiatives of the Department related to the protection of academic research funded by the Department from undue foreign influences and threats, including the initiatives established under section 1286 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (10 U.S.C. 2358 note);

(C) not less frequently than once a year, conducting outreach and education activities for the academic and research community about undue foreign influences and threats to academic research that is funded by the Department;

(D) coordinating and aligning the policies relating to academic research security of—

(i) the elements of the Department specified in section 111(b) of title 10, United States Code;

(ii) the intelligence community;

(iii) Federal science agencies;

(iv) the Office of Science and Technology Policy; and

(v) Federal regulatory agencies; and

(E) working with the intelligence community to the maximum extent practicable to share with the academic and research communities, at least annually, unclassified information, including counterintelligence information, on threats from undue foreign influences.

(b) Rule of construction.—Nothing in this section shall be construed as authorizing the official designated under subsection (a)(1) to classify academic research in a manner that is inconsistent with the policies of the Department of Defense or the National Security Decision Directive Numbered 189 of September 21, 1985, titled “National Policy on the Transfer of Scientific, Technical and Engineering Information”, or any successor directive.

(c) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) FEDERAL REGULATORY AGENCIES.—The term “Federal regulatory agencies” means the Department of Defense, the Department of Commerce, the Department of State, the Department of Justice, the Department of Energy, the Department of the Treasury, the Department of Homeland Security, and the National Archives and Records Administration.

(2) FEDERAL SCIENCE AGENCIES.—The term “Federal science agencies” means each agency (as such term is defined in section 551 of title 5, United States Code) that obligated or expended not less than $100,000,000 in the previous fiscal year for research and development.

(3) INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY.—the term “intelligence community” has the meaning given such term in section 3 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003).

SEC. 241. Steering committee on emerging technology.

(a) Establishment.—There is established in the executive branch a steering committee on emerging technology and national security threats (referred to in this section as the “Steering Committee”).

(b) Membership.—The Steering Committee shall be composed of the following:

(1) The Deputy Secretary of Defense.

(2) The Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

(3) The Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and Security.

(4) Such other officials of the Department of Defense as are jointly appointed to Steering Committee by the officials specified in paragraphs (1) through (3).

(c) Co-Chairs.—The officials specified in paragraphs (1) through (3) of subsection (b) shall serve as co-chairs of the Steering Committee.

(d) Staff and support services.—Upon request of the co-chairs, the Department of Defense shall provide to the Steering Committee, on a reimbursable basis, such staff and administrative support services as are necessary for the Committee to carry out its responsibilities under this section.

(e) Responsibilities.—The Steering Committee shall be responsible for—

(1) developing a strategic vision for the organizational change, concept and capability development, and technology investments in emerging technologies that are needed to maintain the technological edge of the military and intelligence community of the United States;

(2) providing credible assessments of emerging threats and identifying investments and advances in emerging technology undertaken by adversaries of the United States;

(3) making recommendations to the Secretary of Defense on—

(A) the implementation of the strategy developed under to paragraph (1); and

(B) steps that may be taken to address the threats identified under to paragraph (2);

(4) coordinating with the Joint Committee on Research Environments of the National Science and Technology Council;

(5) ensuring emerging technologies procured and used by the military will be tested for algorithmic bias and discriminatory outcomes; and

(6) carrying out such other activities as are assigned to the Steering Committee by the Secretary of Defense.

(f) Coordination with JAIC.—The co-chairs shall coordinate the activities of the Steering Committee with the activities of the Board of Directors of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center established under section 224, as appropriate.

(g) Deepfake working group.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The co-chairs stall establish a working group, in coordination with the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency and such other departments and agencies of the Federal Government as the co-chairs deem appropriate, to—

(A) inform the Steering Committee’s activities with respect to the national security implications of machine-manipulated media (commonly known as “deepfakes”);

(B) assess the Federal Government’s capabilities with respect to technologies to detect, or otherwise counter and combat, machine-manipulated media and other advanced image manipulation methods;

(C) assess the machine-manipulated media capabilities of foreign countries and non-state actors, with particular emphasis on the People’s Republic of China and the Russian Federation; and

(D) provide recommendations to the Steering Committee on the matters described in subparagraphs (A) through (C).

(2) MACHINE-MANIPULATED MEDIA DEFINED.—In this subsection, the term “machine-manipulated media” has the meaning given that term in section 5724(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116–92).

(h) Emerging technology defined.—In this section, the term “emerging technology” means technology determined to be in an emerging phase of development by the Secretary of Defense, including quantum computing, technology for the analysis of large and diverse sets of data (commonly known as “big data analytics”), artificial intelligence (including deepfake videos and related technologies), autonomous technology, robotics, directed energy, hypersonics, biotechnology, distributed ledger technology, and such other technology as may be identified by the Secretary.

SEC. 242. Training for human resources personnel in artificial intelligence and related topics.

(a) Department of defense.—

(1) TRAINING PROGRAM.—Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall develop and implement a program to provide covered human resources personnel with training in the fields of software development, data science, and artificial intelligence, as such fields related to the duties of such personnel.

(2) ELEMENTS.—The training provided under paragraph (1) shall include—

(A) a generalist’s introduction to—

(i) software development and business processes;

(ii) data management practices related to machine learning;

(iii) machine learning, deep learning, and artificial intelligence;

(iv) artificial intelligence workforce roles; and

(v) cybersecurity and secure software development; and

(B) training in the authorities and procedures that may be used to recruit software developers, data scientists, and artificial intelligence professionals, including direct hiring authorities, excepted service authorities, the Intergovernmental Personnel Act of 1970 (42 U.S.C. 4701 et seq.), and authorities for hiring special government employees and highly qualified experts.

(3) CERTIFICATE OF COMPLETION.—The Secretary of Defense shall issue a certificate of completion to each individual who successfully completes the training provided under paragraph (1), as determined by the Secretary.

(4) IMPLEMENTATION.—The Secretary of Defense shall implement the training program under paragraph (1) as follows:

(A) In the first year in which the training program is carried out, the Secretary shall ensure that not less than 20 percent of covered human resource personnel complete the program.

(B) In each year of the training program after the first year, the Secretary shall ensure that not less than an additional 10 percent of covered human resources personnel complete the program until 80 percent of such personnel have completed the program.

(C) After achieving the 80 percent completion rate specified in subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall ensure, in each year, that not less than 80 percent of covered human resources personnel have completed the training program.

(b) Covered human resources personnel defined.—In this section, the term “covered human resources personnel” means members of the Armed Forces and civilian employees of the Department of Defense, including human resources professionals, hiring managers, and recruiters, who are responsible for hiring software developers, data scientists, or artificial intelligence professionals for the Department.

SEC. 243. Unclassified workspaces for personnel with pending security clearances.

(a) Guidance required.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue guidance to ensure, to the extent practicable, that all facilities the Department of Defense at which covered personnel perform work functions have unclassified workspaces.

(b) Use of workspaces by other personnel.—The guidance issued under subsection (a) shall include guidelines under which appropriately screened individuals other than covered personnel, such as interns and visiting experts, may use unclassified workspaces on a space-available basis.

(c) Report required.—Not later than 90 days after the issuance of the guidance under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that includes—

(1) a plan for implementing the guidance;

(2) a description of how existing facilities may be modified to accommodate unclassified workspaces; and

(3) identification of any impediments to making unclassified workspace available as described in subsection (a).

(d) Definitions.—

(1) In this section, the term “unclassified workspace” means a workspace at which unclassified work may be performed.

(2) The term “covered personnel” means a member of the Armed Forces or a civilian employee of the Department of Defense who has applied for, but who has not yet received, a security clearance.

SEC. 244. Pilot program on the use of electronic portfolios to evaluate applicants for certain technical positions.

(a) Pilot program.—Beginning not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall carry out a pilot program under which applicants for technical positions within the Department of Defense will be evaluated, in part, based on electronic portfolios of the applicant’s work, as described in subsection (b).

(b) Activities.—Under the pilot program, the human resources manager of an organization of the Department of Defense participating in the program, in consultation with relevant subject matter experts, shall assess each applicant for a technical position in the organization by reviewing an electronic portfolio of the applicant’s best work, as selected by the applicant.

(c) Scope of program.—The Secretary of Defense shall carry out the pilot program under subsection (a) in at least one major command of each military department.

(d) Report.—Not later than 2 years after the commencement of the pilot program under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the results of the program. At a minimum, the report shall describe—

(1) how the use of electronic portfolios in the hiring process affected the timeliness of the hiring process for technical positions in organizations of the Department of Defense participating in the program; and

(2) the level of satisfaction of organization leaders, hiring authorities, and subject matter experts with the quality of applicants that were hired based on evaluations of electronic portfolios.

(e) Technical position defined.—In this section, the term “technical position” means a position in the Department of Defense requiring expertise in artificial intelligence, data science, or software development.

(f) Termination.—The authority to carry out the pilot program under subsection (a) shall terminate 5 years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 245. Self-directed training in artificial intelligence.

(a) Online artificial intelligence courses.—The Secretary of Defense shall make available a list of approved online courses relating to artificial intelligence that may be taken by civilian employees of the Department of Defense and members of the Armed Forces on a voluntary basis while not engaged in the performance of their duties.

(b) Documentation of completion.—The Secretary of Defense shall develop and implement a system—

(1) to confirm whether a civilian employee of the Department of Defense or member of the Armed Forces has completed an online course approved by the Secretary under paragraph (1); and

(2) to document the completion of such course in the personnel file of such employee or member.

(c) Reward system.—The Secretary of Defense shall develop and implement a system to reward civilian employees of the Department of Defense and members of the Armed Forces who complete an online course approved by the Secretary under paragraph (1), which may include—

(1) for a member of the Armed Forces, a 24-hour pass which may be used on a stand-alone basis or in conjunction with other leave, holiday, or weekend periods; and

(2) for a civilian employees of the Department, up to 8 hours of additional leave.

(d) Deadline.—The Secretary of Defense shall carry out the activities described in subparagraphs (a) through (c) not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 246. Part-time and term employment of university professors and students in the Defense science and technology enterprise.

(a) In general.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, jointly with the Secretaries of the military departments, and in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, shall establish a program under which qualified professors and students may be employed on a part-time or term basis in an organization of the Defense science and technology enterprise for the purpose of conducting a research project.

(b) Selection.—

(1) SELECTION AND HIRING.—The head of an organization in the Defense science and technology enterprise at which positions are made available under subsection (a) shall be responsible for selecting qualified professors and students to fill such positions.

(2) SELECTION CRITERIA.—A qualified professor or student shall be selected for participation in the program under subsection (a) based on the following criteria:

(A) In the case of a qualified professor—

(i) the academic credentials and research experience of the professor; and

(ii) the extent to which the research proposed to be carried out by the professor will contribute to the objectives of the Department of Defense.

(B) In the case of qualified student assisting a professor with a research project under the program—

(i) the academic credentials and other qualifications of the student; and

(ii) the ability of the student to carry out the responsibilities assigned to the student as part of the project.

(c) Implementation.—

(1) MINIMUM NUMBER OF POSITIONS.—In the first year of the program under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall establish not fewer than 10 positions for qualified professors. Not fewer than five of such positions shall be reserved for qualified professors to conduct research in the fields of artificial intelligence and machine learning.

(2) AUTHORITIES.—In carrying out the program under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense and the heads of organizations in the Defense science and technology enterprise may—

(A) use any hiring authority available to the Secretary or the head of such an organization;

(B) enter into cooperative research and development agreements under section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a); and

(C) pay referral bonuses to professors or students participating in the program who identify—

(i) students to assist in a research project under the program; or

(ii) students or recent graduates to participate in other programs in the Defense science and technology enterprise, including internships at Department of Defense Laboratories and in the Pathways Program of the Department.

(d) Reports to Congress.—

(1) INITIAL REPORT.—Not later than 30 days after the conclusion of the first year of the program under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the status of the program. The report shall include—

(A) identification of the number of qualified professors and students employed under the program;

(B) identification of the organizations in the Defense science and technology enterprise that employed such individuals; and

(C) a description of the types of research conducted by such individuals.

(2) SUBSEQUENT REPORTS.—Not later than 30 days after the conclusion of the second and third years of the program under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the progress of the program. Each report shall include—

(A) the information described in subparagraphs (A) through (C) of paragraph (1);

(B) the results of any research projects conducted under the program; and

(C) the number of students and recent graduates who, pursuant to a reference from a professor or student participating in the program as described in subsection (c)(2)(C), were hired by the Department of Defense or selected for participation in another program in the Defense science and technology enterprise.

(e) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term “Defense science and technology enterprise” means—

(A) the research organizations of the military departments;

(B) the science and technology reinvention laboratories (as designated under section 1105 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111–84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note));

(C) the facilities of the Major Range and Test Facility Base (as defined in section 2358a(f)(3) of title 10, United States Code);

(D) the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; and

(E) such other organizations as the Secretary of Defense determines appropriate for inclusion in the enterprise.

(2) The term “institution of higher education” has the meaning given that term in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).

(3) The term “qualified professor” means a professor of an institution of higher education who has expertise in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.

(4) The term “qualified student” means a student of an institution of higher education selected by a qualified professor to assist the professor in conducting research.

SEC. 247. Microelectronics and national security.

(a) Modification of strategy for assured access to trusted microelectronics.—Section 231 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114–328; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended—

(1) in subsection (a), by striking “September 30, 2019” and inserting “December 30, 2020”;

(2) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:

“(10) An approach to ensuring the continuing production of cutting-edge microelectronics for national security needs, including state-of-the-art node sizes, heterogeneous integration, advantaged sensor manufacturing, boutique chip designs, and variable volume production capabilities.

“(11) An assessment of current microelectronics supply chain management practices, existing risks, and actions that may be carried out to mitigate such risks by organizations in the defense industrial base.

“(12) A plan for increasing commercialization of intellectual property developed by the Department of Defense for commercial microelectronics research and development.

“(13) An assessment of the feasibility, usefulness, efficacy, and cost of—

“(A) developing a national laboratory exclusively focused on the research and development of microelectronics to serve as a center for Federal Government expertise in high-performing, trusted microelectronics and as a hub for Federal Government research into breakthrough microelectronics-related technologies; and

“(B) incorporating into such national laboratory a commercial incubator to provide early-stage microelectronics startups, which face difficulties scaling due to the high costs of microelectronics design and fabrication, with access to funding resources, fabrication facilities, design tools, and shared intellectual property.

“(14) Such other matters as the Secretary of Defense determines to be relevant.”;

(3) in subsection (d), by striking “September 30, 2019” and inserting “December 30, 2020”; and

(4) in subsection (e), by striking “September 30, 2019” and inserting “December 30, 2020”.

(b) Advisory panel on microelectronics leadership and competitiveness.—

(1) ESTABLISHMENT.—Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the President, in consultation with the National Security Council, the National Economic Council, and the Office of Science and Technology Policy, shall establish an advisory panel on microelectronics leadership and competitiveness (referred to in this subsection as the “Advisory Panel”).

(2) MEMBERSHIP.—The Advisory Panel shall be composed of the following members:

(A) The Secretary of Defense.

(B) The Secretary of Energy.

(C) The Director of the National Science Foundation.

(D) The Director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

(E) The heads of such other departments and agencies of the Federal Government as the President, in consultation with the National Security Council, determines appropriate.

(3) NATIONAL STRATEGY.—

(A) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 180 days after the date on which the Advisory Panel is established, the Panel shall develop a national strategy to—

(i) accelerate the development and deployment of state-of-the-art microelectronics; and

(ii) ensure that the United States is a global leader in the field of microelectronics.

(B) ELEMENTS.—The strategy developed under subparagraph (A) shall address the following:

(i) Activities that may be carried out to strengthen engagement and outreach between the Department of Defense and industry, academia, international partners of the United States, and other departments and agencies of the Federal Government on issues relating to microelectronics.

(ii) Science, technology, research, and development efforts to facilitate the advancement and adoption of microelectronics and new uses of microelectronics and components, including efforts to—

(I) accelerate leap-ahead research, development, and innovation in microelectronics; and

(II) deploy heterogeneously integrated microelectronics for machine learning and other applications.

(iii) The role of diplomacy and trade in maintaining the position of the United States as a global leader in the field of microelectronics, including the feasibility and advisability of—

(I) implementing multilateral export controls tailored through direct coordination with key allies of the United States, including through the Wassenaar Arrangement and other multilateral fora, for specific semiconductor manufacturing equipment such as extreme ultraviolet photolithography equipment and argon fluoride immersion photolithography equipment;

(II) additional trade enforcement actions that may be initiated by the United States to address any unfair or excessive foreign semiconductor subsidy programs or other unfair microelectronics trade practices; and

(III) the elimination of any trade barriers or unilateral export controls that harm United States companies without producing a substantial benefit to the competitiveness or national security of the United States.

(iv) The potential role of a national laboratory and incubator exclusively focused on the research and development of microelectronics, as described in section 231(b)(13) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114–328; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) (as added by subsection (a)) in carrying out the strategy and plan required subparagraph (A).

(v) Such other activities as the Panel determines may be appropriate to overcome looming challenges to the innovation, competitiveness, and supply chain integrity of the United States in the area of microelectonics.

(c) Briefings.—Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act—

(1) the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing on the progress of the Secretary in developing the strategy and implementation plan required under section 231(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114–328; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note); and

(2) the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs shall provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing on the progress of the Advisory Panel in developing the strategy required under subsection (b)(3).

(d) Advanced manufacturing incentives.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with the Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Director of National Intelligence, work with the private sector through a public-private partnership, including by incentivizing the formation of a consortium of United States companies, to ensure the development and production of advanced, measurably secure microelectronics. Such work may include providing incentives for the creation, expansion, or modernization of one or more commercially competitive and sustainable semiconductors manufacturing or advanced research and development facilities.

(2) RISK MITIGATION REQUIREMENTS.—A participant in a consortium formed with incentives under paragraph (1) shall—

(A) have the potential to perform fabrication, assembly, package, or test functions for semiconductors deemed critical to national security as defined by export control regulatory agencies in consultation with the National Security Adviser and the Secretary of Defense;

(B) demonstrate management processes to identify and mitigate supply chain security risks; and

(C) be able to produce semiconductors consistent with applicable measurably secure supply chain and operational security standards established under section 224(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116–92).

(3) NATIONAL SECURITY CONSIDERATIONS.—The Secretary of Defense and the Director of National Intelligence shall select participants for the consortium formed with incentives under paragraph (1). In selecting such participants, the Secretary and the Director may jointly consider whether the United States companies—

(A) have participated in previous programs and projects of the Department of Defense, Department of Energy, or the intelligence community, including—

(i) the Trusted Integrated Circuit program of the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity;

(ii) trusted and assured semiconductors projects, as administered by the Department of Defense;

(iii) the Electronics Resurgence Initiative (ERI) program of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; or

(iv) relevant semiconductor research programs of Advanced Research Projects Agency–Energy;

(B) have demonstrated an ongoing commitment to performing contracts for the Department of Defense and the intelligence community;

(C) are approved by the Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency or the Office of the Director of National Intelligence as presenting an acceptable security risk, taking into account supply chain assurance vulnerabilities, counterintelligence risks, and any risks presented by companies whose owners are located outside the United States; and

(D) are evaluated periodically for foreign ownership, control, or influence by foreign entities of concern.

(4) NONTRADITIONAL DEFENSE CONTRACTORS AND COMMERCIAL ENTITIES.—Arrangements entered into to carry out paragraph (1) shall be in such form as the Secretary of Defense determines appropriate to encourage industry participation of nontraditional defense contractors or commercial entities and may include a contract, a grant, a cooperative agreement, a commercial agreement, the use of other transaction authority under section 2371 of title 10, United States Code, or another such arrangement.

(5) DISCHARGE.—The Secretary of Defense shall carry out paragraph (1) jointly through the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, or such other component of the Department of Defense as the Secretary considers appropriate.

(6) OTHER INITIATIVES.—The Secretary of Defense shall dedicate initiatives within the Department of Defense to advance radio frequency, mixed signal, radiation tolerant, and radiation hardened semiconductors that support national security and dual-use applications.

(7) REPORTS.—

(A) REPORT BY SECRETARY OF DEFENSE.—Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report on the plans of the Secretary to carry out paragraph (1).

(B) BIENNIAL REPORTS BY COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES.—Not later than 1 year after the date on which the Secretary submits the report required by subparagraph (A) and not less frequently than once every 2 years thereafter for a period of 10 years, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to Congress a report on the activities carried out under this subsection.

(e) Report under the Defense Production Act of 1950.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to Congress a report on a plan for any use of authorities available in title III of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. 4531 et seq.) to establish or enhance a domestic production capability for microelectronic technologies and related technologies, subject to—

(A) the availability of appropriations for that purpose; and

(B) a determination made under the plan pursuant to such title III that such technologies are essential to the national defense.

(2) CONSULTATION.—The President shall develop the plan required by paragraph (1) in consultation with any relevant head of a Federal agency, any advisory committee established under section 708(a) of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. 4558), and appropriate stakeholders in the private sector.

SEC. 248. Acquisition of ethically and responsibly developed artificial intelligence technology.

(a) Assessment required.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting through the Board of Directors of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center established under section 224, shall conduct an assessment to determine whether the Department of Defense has the ability to ensure that any artificial intelligence technology acquired by the Department is ethically and responsibly developed.

(b) Elements.—The assessment conducted under subsection (a) shall address the following:

(1) Whether the Department of Defense has personnel with sufficient expertise, across multiple disciplines, to ensure the acquisition of ethically and responsibly developed artificial intelligence technology, including personnel with sufficient ethical, legal, and technical expertise to advise on the acquisition of such technology.

(2) The feasibility and advisability of retaining outside experts as consultants to assist the Department in filling any gaps in expertise identified under paragraph (1).

(3) The extent to which existing acquisition processes encourage or require consultation with relevant experts across multiple disciplines within the Department to ensure that artificial intelligence technology acquired by the Department is ethically and responsibly developed.

(4) Quantitative and qualitative standards for assessing the extent to which experts across multiple disciplines are engaged in the acquisition of artificial intelligence technology by the Department.

(c) Report.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 30 days after the date on which the Secretary completes the assessment under subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the results of the assessment.

(2) ELEMENTS.—The report under paragraph (1) shall include, based on the results of the assessment—

(A) an explanation of whether the Department of Defense has personnel with sufficient expertise, across multiple disciplines, to ensure the acquisition of ethically and responsibly developed artificial intelligence technology;

(B) an explanation of whether the Department has adequate procedures to encourage or require the consultation of such experts as part of the acquisition process for artificial intelligence technology; and

(C) with respect to any deficiencies identified under subparagraph (A) or subparagraph (B), a description of any measures that have been taken, and any additional resources that may be needed, to mitigate such deficiencies.

SEC. 249. Enhancement of public-private talent exchange programs in the Department of Defense.

(a) Public-Private talent exchange.—Section 1599g of title 10, United States Code is amended—

(1) in subsection (b)(1), by amending subparagraph (C) to read as follows:

“(C) shall contain language ensuring that such employee of the Department does not improperly use information that such employee knows relates to a Department acquisition, or procurement for the benefit or advantage of the private-sector organization.”.

(2) in subsection (f)—

(A) in paragraph (2)—

(i) by striking “is deemed to be an employee of the Department of Defense for the purposes of” and inserting “is subject to”;

(ii) by striking subparagraph (D); and

(iii) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as subparagraphs (D) and (E), respectively;

(B) by striking paragraph (4);

(C) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (4); and

(D) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

“(5) shall be required to file a Public Financial Disclosure Report (OGE Form 278) and the Public Financial Disclosure Report for a such a person and a description of any waivers provided to such person shall be made available on a publicly accessible website of the Department of Defense.”.

(b) Application of exchange authority to artificial intelligence.—Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall take steps to ensure that the authority for the Department of Defense to operate a public-private talent exchange program pursuant to section 1599g of title 10, United States Code, is used to exchange personnel with private sector entities working on artificial intelligence applications. Such application of the authority of section 1599g shall be in addition to, not in lieu of, any other application of such authority by the Department of Defense.

(c) Goals for program participation.—In carrying out the requirement of subsection (b), the Secretary shall seek to achieve the following objectives:

(1) In the Secretary of Defense Executive Fellows program, the nomination of an additional five uniformed service members and three government civilians by each service and by the Office of the Secretary of Defense, for sponsorship by private sector entities working on artificial intelligence applications.

(2) For the public-private talent exchange program of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment—

(A) an additional ten government employees to work with private sector entities working on artificial intelligence applications; and

(B) an additional ten employees of private sector entities working on artificial intelligence applications to work in the Department.

(3) The establishment of the following new public-private talent exchange programs in the Office of the Secretary of Defense, comparable to the program referred to in paragraph (2)—

(A) in the office of the Undersecretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, a program with twenty participants, focused on exchanges with private sector entities working on artificial intelligence applications.

(B) in the office of the Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense, a program with twenty participants, focused on exchanges with private sector entities working on artificial intelligence applications.

(4) In the Army, Navy, and Marine Corps, the establishment of new public-private exchange programs, comparable to the Air Force Education with Industry Program, each with twenty program participants, focused on private sector entities working on artificial intelligence applications.

(d) Treatment of program participants.—

(1) The Army, Navy, and Marine Corps shall take steps to ensure that participation by a service member in a program described in subsection (c)(4) is treated, for purposes of promotion boards and subsequent assignments, as equivalent to attending resident professional military education.

(2) The Secretary of Defense shall establish a public-private exchange program billet office to temporarily hold billets for civilian employees who participate in programs described in subsection (b), to ensure that participating Department of Defense offices are able to retain their staffing levels during the period of participation.

(e) Briefing on expansion of existing exchange programs.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing on the efforts undertaken to expand existing public-private exchange programs of the Department of Defense and to ensure that such programs seek opportunities for exchanges with private sector entities working on artificial intelligence applications, in accordance with the requirements of this section.

SEC. 250. Reporting on contribution of development of artificial intelligence standards.

Subsection (b) of section 260 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116–92) is amended by adding at the end the following paragraph:

“(11) A description of efforts of the Center and the Department of Defense to develop or contribute to the development of artificial intelligence standards, including—

“(A) the participation of the Center and the Department of Defense in international and multistakeholder standard-setting bodies; and

“(B) collaboration between the Center and Department of Defense and—

“(i) other organizations and elements of the Department of Defense (including the Defense Agencies and the military departments);

“(ii) agencies of the Federal Government; and

“(iii) private industry (including the defense industrial base).”.

SEC. 251. Short title.

This subtitle may be cited as the “Sustainable Chemistry Research and Development Act of 2020”.

SEC. 252. Findings.

Congress finds that—

(1) Congress recognized the importance and value of sustainable chemistry in section 114 of the American Innovation and Competitiveness Act (Public Law 114–329);

(2) sustainable chemistry and materials transformation is a key value contributor to business competitiveness across many industrial and consumer sectors;

(3) companies across hundreds of supply chains critical to the American economy are seeking to reduce costs and open new markets through innovations in manufacturing and materials, and are in need of new innovations in chemistry, including sustainable chemistry;

(4) sustainable chemistry can improve the efficiency with which natural resources are used to meet human needs for chemical products while avoiding environmental harm, reduce or eliminate the emissions of and exposures to hazardous substances, minimize the use of resources, and benefit the economy, people, and the environment; and

(5) a recent report by the Government Accountability Office (GAO–18–307) found that the Federal Government could play an important role in helping realize the full innovation and market potential of sustainable chemistry technologies, including through a coordinated national effort on sustainable chemistry and standardized tools and definitions to support sustainable chemistry research, development, demonstration, and commercialization.

SEC. 253. National coordinating entity for sustainable chemistry.

(a) Establishment.—Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy shall convene an interagency entity (referred to in this subtitle as the “Entity”) under the National Science and Technology Council with the responsibility to coordinate Federal programs and activities in support of sustainable chemistry, including those described in sections 255 and 256.

(b) Coordination with existing groups.—In convening the Entity, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy shall consider overlap and possible coordination with existing committees, subcommittees, or other groups of the National Science and Technology Council, such as—

(1) the Committee on Environment;

(2) the Committee on Technology;

(3) the Committee on Science; or

(4) related groups or subcommittees.

(c) Co-Chairs.—The Entity shall be co-chaired by the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy and a representative from the Environmental Protection Agency, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the National Science Foundation, or the Department of Energy, as selected by the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy.

(d) Agency participation.—The Entity shall include representatives, including subject matter experts, from the Environmental Protection Agency, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the National Science Foundation, the Department of Energy, the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Defense, the National Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Food and Drug Administration, and other related Federal agencies, as appropriate.

(e) Termination.—The Entity shall terminate on the date that is 10 years after the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 254. Strategic plan for sustainable chemistry.

(a) Strategic plan.—Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Entity shall—

(1) consult with relevant stakeholders, including representatives from industry, academia, national labs, the Federal Government, and international entities, to develop and update, as needed, a consensus definition of “sustainable chemistry” to guide the activities under this subtitle;

(2) develop a working framework of attributes characterizing and metrics for assessing sustainable chemistry, as described in subsection (b);

(3) assess the state of sustainable chemistry in the United States as a key benchmark from which progress under the activities described in this subtitle can be measured, including assessing key sectors of the United States economy, key technology platforms, commercial priorities, and barriers to innovation;

(4) coordinate and support Federal research, development, demonstration, technology transfer, commercialization, education, and training efforts in sustainable chemistry, including budget coordination and support for public-private partnerships, as appropriate;

(5) identify any Federal regulatory barriers to, and opportunities for, Federal agencies facilitating the development of incentives for development, consideration, and use of sustainable chemistry processes and products;

(6) identify major scientific challenges, roadblocks, or hurdles to transformational progress in improving the sustainability of the chemical sciences;

(7) identify other opportunities for expanding Federal efforts in support of sustainable chemistry; and

(8) review, identify, and make efforts to eliminate duplicative Federal funding and duplicative Federal research in sustainable chemistry.

(b) Characterizing and assessing sustainable chemistry.—The Entity shall develop a working framework of attributes characterizing and metrics for assessing sustainable chemistry for the purposes of carrying out the Act. In developing this framework, the Entity shall—

(1) seek advice and input from stakeholders as described in subsection (c);

(2) consider existing definitions of, or frameworks characterizing and metrics for assessing, sustainable chemistry already in use at Federal agencies;

(3) consider existing definitions of, or frameworks characterizing and metrics for assessing, sustainable chemistry already in use by international organizations of which the United States is a member, such as the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development; and

(4) consider any other appropriate existing definitions of, or frameworks characterizing and metrics for assessing, sustainable chemistry.

(c) Consultation.—In carrying out the duties described in subsections (a) and (b), the Entity shall consult with stakeholders qualified to provide advice and information to guide Federal activities related to sustainable chemistry through workshops, requests for information, or other mechanisms as necessary. The stakeholders shall include representatives from—

(1) business and industry (including trade associations and small- and medium-sized enterprises from across the value chain);

(2) the scientific community (including the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, scientific professional societies, national labs, and academia);

(3) the defense community;

(4) State, Tribal, and local governments, including nonregulatory State or regional sustainable chemistry programs, as appropriate;

(5) nongovernmental organizations; and

(6) other appropriate organizations.

(d) Report to congress.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this subtitle, the Entity shall submit a report to the Committee on Environment and Public Works, the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate, and the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, the Committee on Energy and Commerce, and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives. In addition to the elements described in subsections (a) and (b), the report shall include—

(A) a summary of federally funded, sustainable chemistry research, development, demonstration, technology transfer, commercialization, education, and training activities;

(B) a summary of the financial resources allocated to sustainable chemistry initiatives by each participating agency;

(C) an assessment of the current state of sustainable chemistry in the United States, including the role that Federal agencies are playing in supporting it;

(D) an analysis of the progress made toward achieving the goals and priorities of this subtitle, and recommendations for future program activities;

(E) an evaluation of steps taken and future strategies to avoid duplication of efforts, streamline interagency coordination, facilitate information sharing, and spread best practices among participating agencies; and

(F) an evaluation of duplicative Federal funding and duplicative Federal research in sustainable chemistry, efforts undertaken by the Entity to eliminate duplicative funding and research, and recommendations on how to achieve these goals.

(2) SUBMISSION TO GAO.—The Entity shall also submit the report described in paragraph (1) to the Comptroller General of the United States for consideration in future Congressional inquiries.

(3) ADDITIONAL REPORTS.—The Entity shall submit a report to Congress and the Comptroller General of the United States that incorporates the information described in subparagraphs (a), (b), (d), (e), and (f) every 3 years, commencing after the initial report is submitted until the Entity terminates.

SEC. 255. Agency activities in support of sustainable chemistry.

(a) In general.—The agencies participating in the Entity shall carry out activities in support of sustainable chemistry, as appropriate to the specific mission and programs of each agency.

(b) Activities.—The activities described in subsection (a) shall—

(1) incorporate sustainable chemistry into existing research, development, demonstration, technology transfer, commercialization, education, and training programs, that the agency determines to be relevant, including consideration of—

(A) merit-based competitive grants to individual investigators and teams of investigators, including, to the extent practicable, early career investigators for research and development;

(B) grants to fund collaborative research and development partnerships among universities, industry, and nonprofit organizations;

(C) coordination of sustainable chemistry research, development, demonstration, and technology transfer conducted at Federal laboratories and agencies;

(D) incentive prize competitions and challenges in coordination with such existing Federal agency programs; and

(E) grants, loans, and loan guarantees to aid in the technology transfer and commercialization of sustainable chemicals, materials, processes, and products;

(2) collect and disseminate information on sustainable chemistry research, development, technology transfer, and commercialization, including information on accomplishments and best practices;

(3) expand the education and training of students at appropriate levels of education, professional scientists and engineers, and other professionals involved in all aspects of sustainable chemistry and engineering appropriate to that level of education and training, including through—

(A) partnerships with industry as described in section 256;

(B) support for the integration of sustainable chemistry principles into chemistry and chemical engineering curriculum and research training, as appropriate to that level of education and training; and

(C) support for integration of sustainable chemistry principles into existing or new professional development opportunities for professionals including teachers, faculty, and individuals involved in laboratory research (product development, materials specification and testing, life cycle analysis, and management);

(4) as relevant to an agency’s programs, examine methods by which the Federal agencies, in collaboration and consultation with the National Institute of Standards and Technology, may facilitate the development or recognition of validated, standardized tools for performing sustainability assessments of chemistry processes or products;

(5) through programs identified by an agency, support (including through technical assistance, participation, financial support, communications tools, awards, or other forms of support) outreach and dissemination of sustainable chemistry advances such as non-Federal symposia, forums, conferences, and publications in collaboration with, as appropriate, industry, academia, scientific and professional societies, and other relevant groups;

(6) provide for public input and outreach to be integrated into the activities described in this section by the convening of public discussions, through mechanisms such as public meetings, consensus conferences, and educational events, as appropriate;

(7) within each agency, develop or adapt metrics to track the outputs and outcomes of the programs supported by that agency; and

(8) incentivize or recognize actions that advance sustainable chemistry products, processes, or initiatives, including through the establishment of a nationally recognized awards program through the Environmental Protection Agency to identify, publicize, and celebrate innovations in sustainable chemistry and chemical technologies.

(d) Limitations.—Financial support provided under this section shall—

(1) be available only for pre-competitive activities; and

(2) not be used to promote the sale of a specific product, process, or technology, or to disparage a specific product, process, or technology.

SEC. 256. Partnerships in sustainable chemistry.

(a) In general.—The agencies participating in the Entity may facilitate and support, through financial, technical, or other assistance, the creation of partnerships between institutions of higher education, nongovernmental organizations, consortia, or companies across the value chain in the chemical industry, including small- and medium-sized enterprises, to—

(1) create collaborative sustainable chemistry research, development, demonstration, technology transfer, and commercialization programs; and

(2) train students and retrain professional scientists, engineers, and others involved in materials specification on the use of sustainable chemistry concepts and strategies by methods, including—

(A) developing or recognizing curricular materials and courses for undergraduate and graduate levels and for the professional development of scientists, engineers, and others involved in materials specification; and

(B) publicizing the availability of professional development courses in sustainable chemistry and recruiting professionals to pursue such courses.

(b) Private sector participation.—To be eligible for support under this section, a partnership in sustainable chemistry shall include at least one private sector organization.

(c) Selection of partnerships.—In selecting partnerships for support under this section, the agencies participating in the Entity shall also consider the extent to which the applicants are willing and able to demonstrate evidence of support for, and commitment to, the goals outlined in the strategic plan and report described in section 254.

(d) Prohibited use of funds.—Financial support provided under this section may not be used—

(1) to support or expand a regulatory chemical management program at an implementing agency under a State law;

(2) to construct or renovate a building or structure; or

(3) to promote the sale of a specific product, process, or technology, or to disparage a specific product, process, or technology.

SEC. 257. Prioritization.

In carrying out this subtitle, the Entity shall focus its support for sustainable chemistry activities on those that achieve, to the highest extent practicable, the goals outlined in the Act.

SEC. 258. Rule of construction.

Nothing in this subtitle shall be construed to alter or amend any State law or action with regard to sustainable chemistry, as defined by the State.

SEC. 259. Major multi-user research facility project.

Section 110 of the American Innovation and Competitiveness Act (42 U.S.C. 1862s–2) is amended by striking (g)(2) and inserting the following:

“(2) MAJOR MULTI-USER RESEARCH FACILITY PROJECT.—The term ‘major multi-user research facility project’ means a science and engineering facility project that exceeds $100,000,000 in total construction, acquisition, or upgrade costs to the Foundation.”.

SEC. 261. Modification to annual report of the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation.

Section 139(h)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended—

(1) by striking “Engineering,,” and inserting “Engineering,”; and

(2) by striking “, through January 31, 2025”.

SEC. 262. Repeal of quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle program.

Section 261 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public law 116–92; 133 Stat. 1294) is repealed.

SEC. 263. Independent evaluation of personal protective and diagnostic testing equipment.

(a) Independent evaluation required.—The Director of Operational Test and Evaluation shall conduct an independent evaluation of—

(1) any processes used to test the effectiveness of covered personal protective and diagnostic testing equipment; and

(2) the results of such tests.

(b) Availability of information.—The Secretary of Defense shall provide the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation with such information as may be necessary for the Director to conduct the evaluations required under subsection (a), including any relevant documentation relating to testing processes and test results for covered personal protective and diagnostic testing equipment.

(c) Report to Congress.—Not later than 30 days after the completion of each evaluation under subsection (a), the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the results of the evaluation.

(d) Covered personal protective and diagnostic testing equipment defined.—In this section, the term “covered personal protective and diagnostic testing equipment” means any personal protective equipment or diagnostic testing equipment developed, acquired, or used by the Department of Defense—

(1) in response to COVID–19; or

(2) as part of any follow-on, long-term acquisition and distribution program for such equipment.

SEC. 264. Reports on F–35 physiological episodes and mitigation efforts.

(a) Study and report.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall conduct a study to determine the underlying causes of physiological episodes affecting crewmembers of F–35 aircraft.

(2) ELEMENTS.—The study under subsection (a) shall include—

(A) an examination of each physiological episode reported by a crewmember of an F–35 aircraft as of the date of the enactment of this Act;

(B) a determination as to the underlying cause of the episode; and

(C) an examination of—

(i) any long-term effects, including potential long-term effects, of the episode; and

(ii) any additional care an affected crewmember may need.

(3) REPORT.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that includes—

(A) the results the study conducted under subsection (a), including a description of each physiological episode examined under the study and an explanation of the underlying cause of the episode;

(B) a description of any actions that may be taken to address the underlying causes of such episodes, including any resources that may be required to carry out such actions; and

(C) any other findings and recommendations of the study.

(b) Annual reports on mitigation efforts.—The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall include with the annual report required by section 224(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114–328; 130 Stat. 2059), a detailed description of—

(1) the efforts of the Department of Defense to address physiological episodes affecting crewmembers of F–35 aircraft; and

(2) the funding allocated for such efforts.

SEC. 265. Study on mechanisms for attracting and retaining high quality talent in the national security innovation base.

(a) Study required.—The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study to determine the feasibility of establishing a program to attract and retain covered individuals for employment in the national security innovation base.

(b) Elements.—The study required under subsection (a) shall include an analysis of—

(1) mechanisms the Department of Defense may use to engage institutions of higher education to assist in the identification and recruitment of covered individuals for employment in the national security innovation base;

(2) monetary and nonmonetary incentives that may be provided to retain covered individuals in positions in the national security innovation base;

(3) methods that may be implemented to ensure the proper vetting of covered individuals;

(4) the number of covered individuals needed to advance the competitiveness of the research, development, test, and evaluation efforts of the Department of Defense in the critical technologies identified in the National Defense Strategy; and

(5) the type and amount of resources required to implement the program described in subsection (a).

(c) Report.—Not later than February 1, 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the results of the study conducted under subsection (a).

(d) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term “national security innovation base” the means the network of persons and organizations, including Federal agencies, institutions of higher education, federally funded research and development centers, defense industrial base entities, nonprofit organizations, commercial entities, and venture capital firms that are engaged in the military and nonmilitary research, development, funding, and production of innovative technologies that support the national security of the United States.

(2) The term “institution of higher education” has the meaning given that term in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).

(3) The term “covered individual” means an individual who—

(A) is employed by a United States employer and engaged in work to promote and protect the national security innovation base;

(B) is engaged in basic or applied research, funded by the Department of Defense, through an institution of higher education in the United States; and

(C) possesses scientific or technical expertise that will advance the development of critical technologies identified in the National Defense Strategy or the National Defense Science and Technology Strategy, required by section 218 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115–232; 132 Stat. 1679).

SEC. 266. Funding for force protection applied research.

(a) Increase.—Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, for research, development, test, and evaluation, Navy, applied research, force protection applied research, line 005 (PE 0602123N) is hereby increased by $9,000,000 (to be used in support of the Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon Removal Technology Program authorized under section 223 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116–92; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note)).

(b) Offsets.—

(1) Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4301, for operation and maintenance, Air Force, admin & servicewide activities, servicewide communications, line 410 is hereby reduced by $4,000,000.

(2) Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4301, for operation and maintenance, Army, admin & servicewide activities, servicewide communications, line 440 is hereby reduced by $5,000,000.

SEC. 267. Funding for hypersonics prototyping.

(a) Increase.—Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, for research, development, test, and evaluation, Air Force, advanced component development & prototypes, line 048, hypersonics prototyping (PE 0604033F) is hereby increased by $5,000,000 (to be used in support of the Air-launched Rapid Response Weapon Program).

(b) Offset.—Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4301, for operation and maintenance, Space Force, operating forces, contractor logistics & system support, line 080 is hereby reduced by $5,000,000.

SEC. 268. Funding for unidirectional body armor.

(a) Increase.—Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, for research, development, test, and evaluation, Army, advanced component development & prototypes, line 093, soldier systems—advanced development (PE 0603827A) is hereby increased by $7,000,000 (to be used for the development of lightweight body armor fabrics).

(b) Offset.—Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, for research, development, test, and evaluation, Army, advanced component development & prototypes, line 102, technology maturation initiatives (PE 0604115A) is hereby reduced by $7,000,000.

SEC. 269. Assessments of intelligence, defense, and military implications of deepfake videos and related technologies.

(a) Intelligence threat assessment.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—In conjunction with each annual report required under section 5709(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116–92) (relating to deepfake technology and the foreign weaponization of deepfakes), the Director of National Intelligence shall submit to the Secretary of Defense and the appropriate congressional committees a supplemental report on the intelligence, defense, and military implications of deepfake videos and related technologies.

(2) ELEMENTS.—Each supplemental report under paragraph (1) shall include—

(A) a description of new developments with respect to the national security implications of machine-manipulated media, and intelligence community responses to such developments, as it pertains to those matters described in section 5709(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116–92);

(B) a description of any known efforts by the militaries of the People’s Republic of China or the Russian Federation or any governmental elements that provide intelligence support to such militaries, to deploy machine-manipulated media in the context of any ongoing geopolitical disputes, armed conflicts, or related operations; and

(C) an assessment of additional future security risks posed by artificial intelligence technologies that facilitate the creation of machine-manipulated media, including security risks in contexts other than influence or information operations (including the potential subversion of biometric authentication systems).

(3) INTERIM REPORT.—Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National Intelligence shall submit to the Secretary of Defense and the appropriate congressional committees a report on the preliminary findings of the Director with respect to each element described in subsection (2).

(4) APPROPRIATE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES DEFINED.—In this section, the term “appropriate congressional committees” means—

(A) the congressional defense committees;

(B) the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and

(C) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives.

(b) Military risk assessment.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 180 days after date on which the report under subsection (a)(3) is submitted to the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees an assessment, based on the results of such report, of the risks posed by machine-manipulated media to the operations, personnel, and activities of the Department of Defense and the Armed Forces.

(2) ELEMENTS.—The report under paragraph (1) shall include the following:

(A) An assessment of the risks posed by machine-manipulated media in the contexts of military planning, defense intelligence collection, operational decision-making, and such other contexts as the Secretary of Defense deems appropriate.

(B) A description of how the Department of Defense would assess, particularly under limited time constraints, the legitimacy of machine-manipulated media purporting to depict activities relevant to ongoing military operations (such as a deepfake video purporting to depict a foreign government official announcing an impending military strike, retreat, or other tactical action).

(C) A description of any efforts of the Department of Defense to combat the actual or potential creation of machine-manipulated media that falsely depicts or replicates biometric identifiers of Federal Government officials, and an assessment of the feasibility of adopting or developing technologies to reduce the likelihood of video, audio, or visual content produced or distributed by the Department of Defense from being manipulated or exploited in such manner.

(D) An assessment of the Department of Defense’s current machine-manipulated media detection capabilities, and recommendations with respect to improving such capabilities.

(c) Form.—The reports required under subsections (a) and (b) may be submitted in classified form, but if so submitted, shall be accompanied by unclassified annexes.

(d) Machine-Manipulated media defined.—In this section, the term “machine-manipulated media” has the meaning given that term in section 5724(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 1 (Public Law 116–92).

SEC. 270. Funding for Air Force university research initiatives.

(a) Increase.—Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, for research, development, test, and evaluation, Air Force, basic research, university research initiatives (PE 0601103F), line 002 is hereby increased by $5,000,000.

(b) Offset.—Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4301, for operation and maintenance, Army, admin & servicewide activities, servicewide communications, line 440 is hereby reduced by $5,000,000.

SEC. 271. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2020 projects.

(a) Findings.—Congress finds the following:

(1) The Department of Defense is encouraging the liberal use of fifth generation (commonly known as “5G”) information and communications technology testbeds to develop useful, mission-oriented applications for 5G technology.

(2) Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana, has the ability to serve as a large-scale test facility to enable rapid experimentation and dual-use application prototyping.

(3) Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana, has streamlined access to spectrum bands, mature fiber and wireless infrastructure, and prototyping and test area range access, all of which are ideal characteristics for use as a 5G test bed location.

(b) Consideration required.—The Secretary of Defense shall consider using Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana, as 5G test bed installation for purposes of the activities carried out under section 254(b)(2)(A) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116–92; 10 U.S.C. 2223 note).

SEC. 272. Sense of Congress on the role of the National Science Foundation.

It is the sense of Congress that the National Science Foundation is critical to the expansion of the frontiers of scientific knowledge and advancing American technological leadership in key technologies, and that in order to continue to achieve its mission in the face of rising challenges from strategic competitors, the National Science Foundation should receive a significant increase in funding, expand its use of its existing authorities to carry out new and innovative types of activities, consider new authorities that it may need, and increase existing activities such as the convergence accelerators aimed at accelerating the translation of fundamental research for the economic and national security benefit of the United States.

SEC. 273. Funding for Navy university research initiatives.

(a) Increase.—Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, for research, development, test, and evaluation, Navy, basic research, university research initiatives (PE 0601103N), line 001 is hereby increased by $5,000,000.

(b) Offset.—Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4301, for operation and maintenance, Army, admin & servicewide activities, servicewide communications, line 440 is hereby reduced by $5,000,000.

SEC. 274. Funding for Army university research initiatives.

(a) Increase.—Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, for research, development, test, and evaluation, Army, basic research, university research initiatives (PE 0601103A), line 003 is hereby increased by $5,000,000.

(b) Offset.—Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4301, for operation and maintenance, Army, admin & servicewide activities, servicewide communications, line 440 is hereby reduced by $5,000,000.

SEC. 275. Report on certain awards by the Air Force under the Small Business Innovation Research Program and the Small Business Technology Transfer Program.

The Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition Technology and Logistics shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a report containing a list of all selections made by the Assistant Secretary during the preceding 5-year period under the Small Business Innovation Research Program or the Small Business Technology Transfer Program (as defined under section 9(e) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(e)) that were not followed with funding awards. The report shall include, for each such selection—

(1) the name and contact information of the company selected; and

(2) the reason the funding award did not follow the selection.

SEC. 276. Funding for Backpackable Communications Intelligence System.

(a) Increase.—Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, Army, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, Network C3I Technology, Line 17, for the Backpackable Communications Intelligence System is hereby increased by $5,000,000.

(b) Offset.—Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 301 for operation and maintenance, Defense-wide, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4301, for Admin & Srvwide Activities, Line 360, Defense Personnel Accounting Agency is hereby reduced by $5,000,000.

SEC. 277. Funding for Army university and industry research centers.

(a) Increase.—Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, for research, development, test, and evaluation, Army, basic research, university and industry research centers (PE 0601104A), line 004 is hereby increased by $5,000,000.

(b) Offset.—Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4301, for operation and maintenance, Army, admin & servicewide activities, servicewide communications, line 440 is hereby reduced by $5,000,000.

SEC. 278. Sense of Congress on the additive manufacturing and machine learning initiative of the Army.

It is the sense of Congress that—

(1) the additive manufacturing and machine learning initiative of the Army has the potential to accelerate the ability to deploy additive manufacturing capabilities in expeditionary settings and strengthen the United States defense industrial supply chain; and

(2) Congress and the Department of Defense should continue to support the additive manufacturing and machine learning initiative of the Army.

SEC. 279. Traineeships for American leaders to excel in national technology and science.

(a) In general.—The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall establish a traineeship program to expand Department of Defense access to domestic scientific and technological talent in areas of strategic importance to national security.

(b) Designation.—The traineeship program established under subsection (a) shall be known as the “Traineeships for American Leaders to Excel in National Technology and Science” or “TALENTS program” (referred to in this section as the “traineeship program”).

(c) Program priorities.—The Secretary, in consultation with the Defense Science Board and the Defense Innovation Board, shall determine the multidisciplinary fields of study on which the traineeship program will focus and, in making such determination, shall consider the core modernization priorities derived from the most recent national defense strategy provided under section 113(g) of title 10, United States Code.

(d) Participating institutions.—The Secretary shall establish partnerships with not fewer than ten eligible institutions selected by the Secretary for the purposes of the program under subsection (a).

(e) Partnership activities.—The activities conducted under the partnerships under subsection (d) between an eligible institution and the Department of Defense shall include—

(1) providing traineeships led by faculty for eligible students described in subsection (h); and

(2) establishing scientific or technical internship programs for such students.

(f) Preference in selection of institutions.—In establishing partnerships under subsection (d), the Secretary shall consider—

(1) the relevance of the eligible institution’s proposed partnership to existing and anticipated strategic national needs, as determined under subsection (c);

(2) the ability of the eligible institution to effectively carry out the proposed partnership;

(3) the geographic location of an eligible institution as it relates to the need of the Department of Defense to develop specific workforce capacity and skills within a particular region of the country;

(4) whether the eligible institution is a covered minority institution;

(5) the extent to which the eligible institution’s proposal would—

(A) include students underrepresented in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics; or

(B) involve partnering with one or more covered minority institutions; and

(6) the integration of internship opportunities into the program provided by the eligible institution, including internships with government laboratories, non-profit research organizations, and for-profit commercial entities.

(g) Grants.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary may provide grants to individuals who are eligible students described in subsection (h) to—

(A) participate in activities under subsection (e);

(B) pay tuition, fees, and other costs associated with participating in such activities;

(C) pay other costs associated with participating in the traineeship program; and

(D) pay costs associated with other scientific or technical internship or fellowship programs.

(2) AWARD TOTALS.—The total amount of grants awarded to individuals at an eligible institution under this section in each fiscal year shall not exceed $1,000,000.

(3) DURATION.—The duration of each grant under this section shall not exceed 4 years.

(h) Eligible students.—In order to receive any grant under this section, a student shall—

(1) be a citizen or national of the United States or a permanent resident of the United States;

(2) be enrolled or accepted for enrollment at an eligible institution in a masters or doctoral degree program in a field of study determined under subsection (c); and

(3) if the student is presently enrolled at an institution, be maintaining satisfactory progress in the course of study the student is pursuing in accordance section 484(c) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1091(c)).

(i) Preferential Federal Government hiring.—The Secretary, in coordination with the Director of the Office of Personnel Management, shall develop and implement a process by which traineeship program participants shall receive preferred consideration in hiring activities conducted by the Department of Defense and each Department of Defense Laboratory.

(j) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term “eligible institution” means an institution of higher education (as defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)).

(2) The term “covered minority institution” has the meaning given the term “covered institution” in section 262(g)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116–92; 10 U.S.C. 2362 note).

(3) The term “Department of Defense Laboratory” means—

(A) a laboratory operated by the Department of Defense or owned by the Department of Defense and operated by a contractor; or

(B) a facility of a Defense Agency (as defined in section 101(a) of title 10, United States Code) at which research and development activities are conducted.

SEC. 280. Briefing and report on use of distributed ledger technology for defense purposes.

(a) Briefing required.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing on the potential use of distributed ledger technology for defense purposes.

(2) ELEMENTS.—This briefing under paragraph (1) shall include—

(A) an explanation of how distributed ledger technology may be used by the Department of Defense to—

(i) improve cybersecurity, beginning at the hardware level, of vulnerable assets such as energy, water, and transport grids through distributed versus centralized computing;

(ii) reduce single points of failure in emergency and catastrophe decision-making by subjecting decisions to consensus validation through distributed ledger technologies;

(iii) improve the efficiency of defense logistics and supply chain operations;

(iv) enhance the transparency of procurement auditing; and

(v) allow innovations to be adapted by the private sector for ancillary uses; and

(B) any other information that the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering determines to be appropriate.

(b) Report required.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the research, development, and use of distributed ledger technologies for defense purposes.

(2) ELEMENTS.—The report under paragraph (1) shall include—

(A) a summary of the key points from the briefing provided under subsection (a);

(B) an analysis of activities that other countries, including the People’s Republic of China and the Russian Federation, are carrying out with respect to the research and development of distributed ledger technologies, including estimates of the types and amounts of resources directed by such countries to such activities;

(C) recommendations identifying additional research and development activities relating to distributed ledger technologies that should be carried out by the Department of Defense and cost estimates for such activities; and

(D) an analysis of the potential benefits of—

(i) consolidating research on distributed ledger technologies within the Department; and

(ii) developing within the Department a single hub or center of excellence for research on distributed ledger technologies; and

(E) any other information that the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering determines to be appropriate.

SEC. 281. Admission of essential scientists and technical experts to promote and protect the National Security Innovation Base.

(a) Special immigrant status.—In accordance with the procedures established under subsection (f)(1), and subject to subsection (c)(1), the Secretary of Homeland Security may provide an alien described in subsection (b) (and the spouse and children of the alien if accompanying or following to join the alien) with the status of a special immigrant under section 101(a)(27) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(27)), if the alien—

(1) submits a classification petition under section 204(a)(1)(G)(i) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)(G)(i)); and

(2) is otherwise eligible to receive an immigrant visa and is otherwise admissible to the United States for permanent residence.

(b) Aliens described.—An alien is described in this subsection if—

(1) the alien—

(A) is employed by a United States employer and engaged in work to promote and protect the National Security Innovation Base;

(B) is engaged in basic or applied research, funded by the Department of Defense, through a United States institution of higher education (as defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)); or

(C) possesses scientific or technical expertise that will advance the development of critical technologies identified in the National Defense Strategy or the National Defense Science and Technology Strategy, required by section 218 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115–232; 132 Stat. 1679 ); and

(2) the Secretary of Defense issues a written statement to the Secretary of Homeland Security confirming that the admission of the alien is essential to advancing the research, development, testing, or evaluation of critical technologies described in paragraph (1)(C) or otherwise serves national security interests.

(c) Numerical limitations.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The total number of principal aliens who may be provided special immigrant status under this section may not exceed—

(A) 10 in each of fiscal years 2021 through 2030; and

(B) 100 in fiscal year 2031 and each fiscal year thereafter.

(2) EXCLUSION FROM NUMERICAL LIMITATIONS.—Aliens provided special immigrant status under this section shall not be counted against the numerical limitations under sections 201(d), 202(a), and 203(b)(4) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1151(d), 1152(a), and 1153(b(4)).

(d) Defense competition for scientists and technical experts.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall develop and implement a process to select, on a competitive basis from among individuals described in section (b), individuals for recommendation to the Secretary of Homeland Security for special immigrant status described in subsection (a).

(e) Authorities.—In carrying out this section, the Secretary of Defense shall authorize appropriate personnel of the Department of Defense to use all personnel and management authorities available to the Department, including the personnel and management authorities provided to the science and technology reinvention laboratories, the Major Range and Test Facility Base (as defined in 196(i) of title 10, United States Code), and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

(f) Procedures.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security and Secretary of Defense shall jointly establish policies and procedures implementing the provisions in this section, which shall include procedures for—

(1) processing of petitions for classification submitted under subsection (a)(1) and applications for an immigrant visa or adjustment of status, as applicable; and

(2) thorough processing of any required security clearances.

(g) Fees.—The Secretary of Homeland Security shall establish a fee to—

(1) be charged and collected to process an application filed under this section; and

(2) that is set at a level that will ensure recovery of the full costs of such processing and any additional costs associated with the administration of the fees collected.

(h) Implementation report required.—Not later than 360 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security and Secretary of Defense shall jointly submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report that includes—

(1) a plan for implementing the authorities provided under this section; and

(2) identification of any additional authorities that may be required to assist the Secretaries in fully implementing section.

(i) Program evaluation and report.—

(1) EVALUATION.—The Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct an evaluation of the competitive program and special immigrant program described in subsections (a) through (g).

(2) REPORT.—Not later than October 1, 2025, the Comptroller General shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on the results of the evaluation conducted under paragraph (1).

(j) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term “appropriate congressional committees” means—

(A) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives; and

(B) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate.

(2) The term “National Security Innovation Base” means the network of persons and organizations, including Federal agencies, institutions of higher education, federally funded research and development centers, defense industrial base entities, nonprofit organizations, commercial entities, and venture capital firms that are engaged in the military and non-military research, development, funding, and production of innovative technologies that support the national security of the United States.

SEC. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 4301.

SEC. 302. Funding for Army Community Services.

(a) Increase.—Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 301 for operation and maintenance for Army base operations support, line 100, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4301, for Army Community Services is hereby increased by $30,000,000.

(b) Offset.—Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 301 for operation and maintenance, for Army Force Readiness Operations Support, line 070, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4301, is hereby reduced by $15,000,000.

(c) Offset.—Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 301 for operation and maintenance, for Army Land Forces Operations Support, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4301, line 050, is hereby reduced by $15,000,000.

SEC. 303. Increase in funding for Air Force reserve contractor systems support.

(a) Increase.—Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated for operation and maintenance, Defense-wide Operating Forces, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4301, for Special Operations Command maintenance, Line 70, is hereby increased by $22,000,000.

(b) Offset.—Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated for operation and maintenance, Air Force Operating Forces, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4301, Administration and Service-Wide Activities, Line 400, is hereby reduced by $22,000,000.

SEC. 311. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Clearinghouse for review of mission obstructions.

Section 183a(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended—

(1) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (6) as paragraphs (5) through (7), respectively;

(2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new paragraph (4):

“(4) If, after issuing the notices of presumed risk required by paragraphs (2) and (3), the Secretary of Defense later concludes for any reason that the energy project will not have an adverse impact on military readiness, the Clearinghouse shall notify the applicant and the governor in writing of that conclusion.”; and

(3) in paragraph (7), as so redesignated, by striking “Any setback for a project pursuant to the previous sentence shall not be more than what is determined to be necessary by a technical analysis conducted by the Lincoln Laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology or any successor entity.”.

SEC. 312. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Clearinghouse for review of mission obstructions.

Section 183a(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended—

(1) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (6) as paragraphs (5) through (7), respectively; and

(2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new paragraph (4):

“(4) If, after issuing the notices of presumed risk required by paragraphs (2) and (3), the Secretary of Defense later concludes for any reason that the energy project will not have an adverse impact on military readiness, the Clearinghouse shall notify the applicant and the governor in writing of that conclusion.”.

SEC. 313. Agreements to limit encroachments and other constraints on military training, testing, and operations.

Section 2684a of title 10, United States Code, is amended—

(1) in subsection (b), by striking “An agreement under this section may be entered into with” and inserting “For purposes of this section, the term ‘eligible entity’ means”; and

(2) in subsection (d)(1)(A), by striking “the entity” and inserting “the eligible entity”.

SEC. 314. Modification of Department of Defense environmental restoration authorities to include Federal Government facilities used by National Guard.

Section 2707(e) of title 10, United States Code, as added by section 316 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116–92, is amended—

(1) by inserting “where military activities are conducted by the state National Guard under title 32,” after “facility”; and

(2) by adding at the end the following new sentence: “The Secretary concerned may also utilize the authority in section 2701(d) of this title for these environmental restoration projects.”.

SEC. 315. Increased transparency through reporting on usage and spills of aqueous film-forming foam at military installations.

(a) In general.—Chapter 160 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

§ 2712. Reporting on usage and spills of aqueous film-forming foam

“(a) In general.—Not later than 48 hours after the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Environment receives notice of the usage or spill of aqueous film-forming foam, either as concentrate or mixed foam, at any military installation, the Deputy Assistant Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives notice of such usage or spill. Each such notice shall include each of the following:

“(1) The name of the installation where the usage or spill occurred.

“(2) The date on which the usage or spill occurred.

“(3) The amount, type, and specified concentration of aqueous film-forming foam that was used or spilled.

“(4) The cause of the usage or spill.

“(5) A summary narrative of the usage or spill.

“(6) A description of what actions have been taken to arrest and clean up the spill.

“(7) A description of coordination with relevant local and State authorities and environmental protection agencies.

“(b) Action plan.—Not later than 30 days after submitting notice of a usage or spill under subsection (a), the Deputy Assistant Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives an action plan for addressing such usage or spill.”.

(b) Clerical amendment.—The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:


“2712. Reporting on usage and spills of aqueous film-forming foam.”.

SEC. 316. Replacement of non-tactical motor vehicles at the end of service life with electric or hybrid motor vehicles.

Section 2922g of title 10, United States Code, is amended—

(1) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections (c) and (d), respectively;

(2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new subsection (b):

“(b) End of life replacement.—Upon the end of the lease or service life of a motor vehicle, the Secretary of the military department or the head of the Defense Agency shall, to the maximum extent possible, replace such motor vehicle with a motor vehicle that uses an electric or hybrid propulsion system, including a plug-in hybrid system.”;

(3) in subsection (c), as so redesignated, by striking “Subsection (a) does not” and inserting “Subsections (a) and (b) do not”;

(4) in subsection (d), as so redesignated, by striking “The preference required by subsection (a) does not” and inserting “The preference under subsection (a) and the requirement under subsection (b) do not”; and

(5) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new subsection:

“(e) Inclusion of off-Road vehicles.—In this section, the term ‘motor vehicle’ includes off-road vehicles, including construction or agricultural equipment.”.

SEC. 317. Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to operational energy improvement.

The Secretary of Defense shall include in the annual budget submission of the President under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, a dedicated budget line item for fielding operational energy improvements, including such improvements for which funds from the Operational Energy Capability Improvement Fund have been expended to create the operational and business case for broader employment.

SEC. 318. Assessment of Department of Defense operational energy usage.

(a) In general.—Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall enter into an agreement with a federally funded research and development center with relevant expertise under which such center shall conduct an assessment of Department of Defense operational energy usage, including an agency-wide view and breakdowns of progress by service branch.

(b) Elements.—The assessment required under subsection (a) shall include—

(1) an analysis of the extent to which the Department of Defense developed an integrated operational energy strategy and the extent to which each of the military departments has implemented such strategy;

(2) an analysis of the viability of implementing net zero initiatives or meeting net zero goals within the operational energy enterprise without negatively impacting mission capability;

(3) an analysis of fossil fuel reduction regimes that may maximize reduction of reliance on fossil fuels, including impacts of lowering the reliance on fossil fuels, decreasing the need for refueling convoys, overcoming the tyranny of distance within United States Indo-Pacific Command through hybrid or other fuel efficient propulsion systems, and energy production, storage, and distribution systems that enhance logistics supply chain resiliency;

(4) a description of the options for achieving fossil fuel reduction benchmarks with respect to operational energy of 25 percent, 50 percent, 75 percent, and 100 percent, using fiscal year 2020 as the benchmark, including anticipated funding requirements, statutory requirements, infrastructure needs, and timeframes; and

(5) an analysis of the integration between energy offices with program offices, budget, and operational planners within the Department of Defense and military departments, and recommendations for improving coordination.

(c) Form of report.—The report required under this section shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.

SEC. 319. Improvement of the operational energy capability improvement fund of the Department of Defense.

(a) Management of the operational energy capability improvement fund.—The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall exercise authority, direction, and control over the Operational Energy Capability Improvement Fund of the Department of Defense (in this section referred to as the “OECIF”).

(b) Alignment and coordination with related programs.—

(1) REALIGNMENT OF OECIF.—Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall realign the OECIF under the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Sustainment, with such realignment to include personnel positions adequate for the mission of the OECIF.

(2) BETTER COORDINATION WITH RELATED PROGRAMS.—The Assistant Secretary shall ensure that this placement facilitates better alignment between OECIF, the Strategic Environmental Research Program, the Environmental Security Technology Certification Program, and the Operational Energy Prototyping Program is utilized to advance common goals of the Department, promote organizational synergies, and avoid unnecessary duplication of effort.

(c) Program for operational energy prototyping.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Commencing not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, through the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall carry out a program for the demonstration of technologies related to operational energy prototyping, including demonstration of operational energy technology and validation prototyping.

(2) OPERATION OF PROGRAM.—The Secretary shall ensure that the program under paragraph (1) operates in conjunction with the OECIF to promote the transfer of innovative technologies that have successfully established proof of concept for use in production or in the field.

(3) PROGRAM ELEMENTS.—In carrying out the program under paragraph (1) the Secretary shall—

(A) identify and demonstrate the most promising, innovative, and cost-effective technologies and methods that address high-priority operational energy requirements of the Department of Defense;

(B) in conducting demonstrations under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall—

(i) collect cost and performance data to overcome barriers against employing an innovative technology because of concerns regarding technical or programmatic risk; and

(ii) ensure that components of the Department have time to establish new requirements where necessary and plan, program, and budget for technology transition to programs of record;

(C) utilize project structures similar to those of the OECIF to ensure transparency and accountability throughout the efforts conducted under the program; and

(D) give priority, in conjunction with the OECIF, to the development and fielding of clean technologies that reduce reliance on fossil fuels.

(4) TOOL FOR ACCOUNTABILITY AND TRANSITION.—

(A) IN GENERAL.—In carrying out the program under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall develop and utilize a tool to track relevant investments in operational energy from applied research to transition to use to ensure user organizations have the full picture of technology maturation and development.

(B) TRANSITION.—The tool developed and utilized under subparagraph (A) shall be designed to overcome transition challenges with rigorous and well-documented demonstrations that provide the information needed by all stakeholders for acceptance of the technology.

SEC. 320. Five-year reviews of containment technologies relating to Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.

(a) Reviews.—

(1) REVIEWS REQUIRED.—At least once every 5 years, the Secretary of the Navy shall conduct a review of available technologies relating to the containment of fuel to determine whether any such technology may be used to improve the containment of fuel with respect to storage tanks located at the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility, Hawaii.

(2) DEADLINE FOR INITIAL REVIEW.—The Secretary shall begin the first review under paragraph (1) by not later than the date that is 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act.

(b) Briefings.—Not later than 60 days after the date on which a review conducted under subsection (a) is completed, the Secretary shall provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing on—

(1) any technology identified in such review that the Secretary determines may be used to improve the containment of fuel with respect to storage tanks located at the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility; and

(2) the feasibility and cost of implementing any such technology at the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.

(c) Termination.—The requirements to conduct reviews under subsection (a) and provide briefings under subsection (b) shall terminate on the date on which the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility ceases operation, as determined by the Secretary of the Navy.

SEC. 321. Limitation on use of funds for acquisition of furnished energy for Rhine Ordnance Barracks Army Medical Center.

None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2021 may be used to enter into a contract for the acquisition of furnished energy for the new Rhine Ordnance Barracks Army Medical Center (hereafter referred to as the “Medical Center”) before the date on which Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional defense committees a written certification that the Medical Center does not use any energy sourced from inside the Russian Federation as a means of generating the furnished energy.

SEC. 322. Requirement to update Department of Defense climate change roadmap.

(a) In general.—Not later than February 1, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives an update to the Department of Defense 2014 Climate Change Adaptation Roadmap. Such update shall include an outline of the strategy and implementation plan of the Department to address the current and foreseeable effects of climate change on the mission of the Department of Defense.

(b) Elements of strategy and implementation plan.—The strategy and implementation plan required to be included in the update under subsection (a) shall include—

(1) a desc