Text: H.R.6395 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Engrossed in House (07/21/2020)

 
[Congressional Bills 116th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[H.R. 6395 Engrossed in House (EH)]

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116th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                H. R. 6395

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT


 
     To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military 
activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and 
   for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe 
   military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other 
                               purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``William M. (Mac) 
Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021''.
    (b) References.--Any reference in this or any other Act to the 
``National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021'' shall be 
deemed to refer to the ``William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021''.

SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into 16 divisions as follows:
            (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
            (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
            (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
        Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
            (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
            (5) Division E--National Artificial Intelligence Initiative 
        Act of 2020.
            (6) Division F--Corporate Transparency Act of 2019.
            (7) Division G--COUNTER Act of 2019.
            (8) Division H--Elijah E. Cummings Coast Guard 
        Authorization Act of 2020.
            (9) Division I--Department of State Authorities and 
        Activities.
            (10) Division J--Combating Russian Money Laundering.
            (11) Division K--Kleptocracy Asset Recovery Rewards Act.
            (12) Division L--Stopping Trafficking, Illicit Flows, 
        Laundering, and Exploitation.
            (13) Division M--Improving Corporate Governance Through 
        Diversity.
            (14) Division N--Banking Transparency for Sanctioned 
        Persons Act of 2019.
            (15) Division O--Public Lands.
            (16) Division P--Colorado Outdoor Recreation and Economy 
        Act.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.
                       Subtitle B--Navy Programs

Sec. 111. Independent cost estimate of FFG(X) frigate program.
Sec. 112. Liquified natural gas pilot program.
                     Subtitle C--Air Force Programs

Sec. 121. Modification of force structure objectives for B-1 bomber 
                            aircraft.
Sec. 122. Extension of limitation on availability of funds for 
                            retirement of RC-135 aircraft.
Sec. 123. Modification of limitation on availability of funds for 
                            retirement of E-8 JSTARS aircraft.
Sec. 124. Limitation on availability of funds for the Advanced Battle 
                            Management System pending certification 
                            relating to RQ-4 aircraft.
Sec. 125. Inventory requirements for certain air refueling tanker 
                            aircraft.
Sec. 126. Limitation on production of KC-46A aircraft.
Sec. 127. Assessment and certification relating to OC-135 aircraft.
Sec. 128. Modernization plan for airborne intelligence, surveillance, 
                            and reconnaissance.
Sec. 129. Minimum bomber aircraft force level.
Sec. 130. Provisions relating to RC-26B manned intelligence, 
                            surveillance, and reconnaissance aircraft.
Sec. 130A. Briefing on payload hosting on modular supersonic aircraft.
       Subtitle D--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 131. Documentation relating to the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 132. Notification on software regression testing for F-35 
                            aircraft.
Sec. 133. Notification on efforts to replace inoperable ejection seat 
                            aircraft locator beacons.
Sec. 134. Limitation on use of funds for the Armed Overwatch Program.
Sec. 135. Investment and sustainment plan for procurement of cannon 
                            tubes.
         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.
    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Modification of Science, Mathematics, and Research for 
                            Transformation (SMART) Defense Education 
                            Program.
Sec. 212. Enhanced participation of Department of Defense contractors 
                            in science, technology, engineering, and 
                            mathematics activities.
Sec. 213. Modification of requirements relating to certain cooperative 
                            research and development agreements.
Sec. 214. Pilot program on talent optimization.
Sec. 215. Codification of the National Security Innovation Network.
Sec. 216. Modification of pilot program on enhanced civics education.
Sec. 217. Modification of joint artificial intelligence research, 
                            development, and transition activities.
Sec. 218. Modification of national security innovation activities and 
                            manufacturing pilot program.
Sec. 219. Extension of pilot program for the enhancement of the 
                            research, development, test, and evaluation 
                            centers of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 220. Digital data management and analytics capability.
Sec. 221. Social science, management science, and information science 
                            research activities.
Sec. 222. Measuring and incentivizing programming proficiency.
Sec. 223. Information technology modernization and security efforts.
Sec. 224. Board of Directors for the Joint Artificial Intelligence 
                            Center.
Sec. 225. Directed Energy Working Group.
Sec. 226. Program Executive Officer for Autonomy.
Sec. 227. Accountability measures relating to the Advanced Battle 
                            Management System.
Sec. 228. Measures to address foreign talent programs.
Sec. 229. Disclosure of foreign funding sources in applications for 
                            Federal research awards.
Sec. 230. Limitations relating to large unmanned surface vessels and 
                            associated offensive weapon systems.
Sec. 231. Limitation on availability of funds pending review and report 
                            on next generation air dominance 
                            capabilities.
Sec. 232. Modification of mechanisms for expedited access to technical 
                            talent and expertise at academic 
                            institutions.
Sec. 233. Designation of Academic Liaison to protect against emerging 
                            threats.
  Subtitle C--Emerging Technology and Artificial Intelligence Matters

Sec. 241. Steering committee on emerging technology.
Sec. 242. Training for human resources personnel in artificial 
                            intelligence and related topics.
Sec. 243. Unclassified workspaces for personnel with pending security 
                            clearances.
Sec. 244. Pilot program on the use of electronic portfolios to evaluate 
                            applicants for certain technical positions.
Sec. 245. Self-directed training in artificial intelligence.
Sec. 246. Part-time and term employment of university professors and 
                            students in the Defense science and 
                            technology enterprise.
Sec. 247. Microelectronics and national security.
Sec. 248. Acquisition of ethically and responsibly developed artificial 
                            intelligence technology.
Sec. 249. Enhancement of public-private talent exchange programs in the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 250. Reporting on contribution of development of artificial 
                            intelligence standards.
       Subtitle D--Sustainable Chemistry Research and Development

Sec. 251. Short title.
Sec. 252. Findings.
Sec. 253. National coordinating entity for sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 254. Strategic plan for sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 255. Agency activities in support of sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 256. Partnerships in sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 257. Prioritization.
Sec. 258. Rule of construction.
Sec. 259. Major multi-user research facility project.
             Subtitle E--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 261. Modification to annual report of the Director of Operational 
                            Test and Evaluation.
Sec. 262. Repeal of quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting 
                            Vehicle program.
Sec. 263. Independent evaluation of personal protective and diagnostic 
                            testing equipment.
Sec. 264. Reports on F-35 physiological episodes and mitigation 
                            efforts.
Sec. 265. Study on mechanisms for attracting and retaining high quality 
                            talent in the national security innovation 
                            base.
Sec. 266. Funding for force protection applied research.
Sec. 267. Funding for hypersonics prototyping.
Sec. 268. Funding for unidirectional body armor.
Sec. 269. Assessments of intelligence, defense, and military 
                            implications of deepfake videos and related 
                            technologies.
Sec. 270. Funding for Air Force university research initiatives.
Sec. 271. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2020 projects.
Sec. 272. Sense of Congress on the role of the National Science 
                            Foundation.
Sec. 273. Funding for Navy university research initiatives.
Sec. 274. Funding for Army university research initiatives.
Sec. 275. Report on certain awards by the Air Force under the Small 
                            Business Innovation Research Program and 
                            the Small Business Technology Transfer 
                            Program.
Sec. 276. Funding for Backpackable Communications Intelligence System.
Sec. 277. Funding for Army university and industry research centers.
Sec. 278. Sense of Congress on the additive manufacturing and machine 
                            learning initiative of the Army.
Sec. 279. Traineeships for American leaders to excel in national 
                            technology and science.
Sec. 280. Briefing and report on use of distributed ledger technology 
                            for defense purposes.
Sec. 281. Admission of essential scientists and technical experts to 
                            promote and protect the National Security 
                            Innovation Base.
                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 302. Funding for Army Community Services.
Sec. 303. Increase in funding for Air Force reserve contractor systems 
                            support.
                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Clearinghouse 
                            for review of mission obstructions.
Sec. 312. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Clearinghouse 
                            for review of mission obstructions.
Sec. 313. Agreements to limit encroachments and other constraints on 
                            military training, testing, and operations.
Sec. 314. Modification of Department of Defense environmental 
                            restoration authorities to include Federal 
                            Government facilities used by National 
                            Guard.
Sec. 315. Increased transparency through reporting on usage and spills 
                            of aqueous film-forming foam at military 
                            installations.
Sec. 316. Replacement of non-tactical motor vehicles at the end of 
                            service life with electric or hybrid motor 
                            vehicles.
Sec. 317. Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to operational 
                            energy improvement.
Sec. 318. Assessment of Department of Defense operational energy usage.
Sec. 319. Improvement of the operational energy capability improvement 
                            fund of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 320. Five-year reviews of containment technologies relating to Red 
                            Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
Sec. 321. Limitation on use of funds for acquisition of furnished 
                            energy for Rhine Ordnance Barracks Army 
                            Medical Center.
Sec. 322. Requirement to update Department of Defense climate change 
                            roadmap.
Sec. 323. Comptroller General report on Department of Defense 
                            installation energy.
Sec. 324. Department of Defense report on emissions levels.
Sec. 325. Objectives, performance standards, and criteria for use of 
                            wildlife conservation banking programs.
Sec. 326. Offshore wind energy development, Morro Bay, California.
Sec. 327. Long-duration demonstration initiative and joint program.
Sec. 328. Prizes for development of non-PFAS-containing fire-fighting 
                            agent.
Sec. 329. Survey of technologies for Department of Defense application 
                            in phasing out the use of fluorinated 
                            aqueous film-forming foam.
Sec. 330. Interagency body on research related to per- and 
                            polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 331. Restriction on procurement by defense logistics agency of 
                            certain items containing perfluoroalkyl 
                            substances and polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 332. Standards for removal or remedial actions with respect to 
                            PFOS or PFOA contamination.
Sec. 333. Research and development of alternative to aqueous film-
                            forming foam.
Sec. 334. Notification to agricultural operations located in areas 
                            exposed to Department of Defense PFAS use.
Sec. 335. Public disclosure of results of Department of Defense testing 
                            for perfluoroalkyl or polyfluoroalkyl 
                            substances.
Sec. 336. Biological threats report.
Sec. 337. Report on energy savings performance contracts.
Sec. 338. Sense of Congress regarding an integrated master plan towards 
                            achieving net zero.
Sec. 339. Increase in funding for Centers for Disease Control Study on 
                            health implications health implications of 
                            per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances 
                            contamination in drinking water.
Sec. 340. Moratorium on incineration by Department of Defense of 
                            perfluoroalkyl substances, polyfluoroalkyl 
                            substances, and aqueous film forming foam.
Sec. 341. Guaranteeing Equipment Safety for Firefighters Act of 2020.
Sec. 342. Assessment of Department of Defense excess property programs 
                            with respect to need and wildfire risk.
                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 351. National Defense Sustainment and Logistics Review.
Sec. 352. Extension of sunset relating to charter air transportation 
                            services.
Sec. 353. Additional elements for inclusion in Navy ship depot 
                            maintenance budget report.
Sec. 354. Modification to limitation on length of overseas forward 
                            deployment of naval vessels.
Sec. 355. Independent advisory panel on weapon system sustainment.
Sec. 356. Biannual briefings on status of Shipyard Infrastructure 
                            Optimization Plan.
Sec. 357. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives for major weapon 
                            systems.
               Subtitle D--Munitions Safety and Oversight

Sec. 361. Chair of Department of Defense explosive safety board.
Sec. 362. Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense Program.
Sec. 363. Assessment of resilience of Department of Defense munitions 
                            enterprise.
Sec. 364. Report on safety waivers and mishaps in Department of Defense 
                            munitions enterprise.
                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 371. Pilot program for temporary issuance of maternity-related 
                            uniform items.
Sec. 372. Servicewomen's Commemorative Partnerships.
Sec. 373. Biodefense analysis and budget submission.
Sec. 374. Clarification of National Biodefense Strategy.
Sec. 375. Report on biodefense.
Sec. 376. Facilitating agreements with other Federal agencies to limit 
                            encroachments.
              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
                            levels.
Sec. 403. Modification of the authorized number and accounting method 
                            for senior enlisted personnel.
                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
                            Reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
                            active duty for operational support.
              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.
                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Authorized strength: exclusion of certain general and flag 
                            officers of the reserve components on 
                            active duty.
Sec. 502. Diversity in selection boards.
Sec. 503. Redaction of personally identifiable information from records 
                            furnished to a promotion board.
Sec. 504. Temporary expansion of availability of enhanced constructive 
                            service credit in a particular career field 
                            upon original appointment as a commissioned 
                            officer.
Sec. 505. Permanent programs on direct commissions to cyber positions.
                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Grants to support STEM education in the Junior Reserve 
                            Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 512. Modification of education loan repayment program for members 
                            of Selected Reserve.
Sec. 513. Requirement of consent of the chief executive officer for 
                            certain full-time National Guard duty 
                            performed in a State, Territory, or the 
                            District of Columbia.
Sec. 514. Constructive credit for certain members of the reserve 
                            components who cannot complete minimum 
                            annual training requirements as a result of 
                            the COVID-19 pandemic.
Sec. 515. Guidance for use of unmanned aircraft systems by the National 
                            Guard.
Sec. 516. Direct employment pilot program for certain members of the 
                            reserve components.
Sec. 517. Temporary limitation on authority to transfer, relocate, or 
                            dissolve elements of the reserve components 
                            of the Air Force.
Sec. 518. Pilot programs in connection with SROTC units and CSPI 
                            programs at Historically Black Colleges and 
                            Universities and minority institutions.
Sec. 519. Report regarding full-time National Guard duty in response to 
                            the COVID-19 pandemic.
Sec. 520. Study and report on ROTC recruitment.
Sec. 520A. Transitional health benefits for certain members of the 
                            National Guard serving under orders in 
                            response to the coronavirus (COVID-19).
Sec. 520B. Quarantine housing for members of the National Guard who 
                            perform certain duty in response to the 
                            COVID-19 emergency.
Sec. 520C. National guard support to major disasters.
Sec. 520D. Authority to reinstate and transfer officers in medical 
                            specialties in the reserve components of 
                            the Armed Forces previously retired 
                            honorably or under honorable conditions.
Sec. 520E. Report regarding national guard youth challenge program.
Sec. 520F. Permanent suicide prevention and resilience program for the 
                            reserve components.
  Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                Records

Sec. 521. Temporary authority to order retired members to active duty 
                            in high-demand, low-density assignments 
                            during war or national emergency.
Sec. 522. Reenlistment waivers for persons separated from the Armed 
                            Forces who commit one misdemeanor cannabis 
                            offense.
Sec. 523. Review of Seaman to Admiral-21 program; credit towards 
                            retirement.
Sec. 524. Report regarding reviews of discharges and dismissals based 
                            on sexual orientation or gender identity.
Sec. 525. Development of guidelines for use of unofficial sources of 
                            information to determine eligibility of 
                            members and former members of the Armed 
                            Forces for decorations and benefits when 
                            the service records are incomplete because 
                            of damage to the official record.
Sec. 526. Report on bad paper.
          Subtitle D--Military Justice and Other Legal Matters

Sec. 531. Punitive article on violent extremism.
Sec. 532. Preservation of Court-martial records.
Sec. 533. Electronic notarization for members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 534. Clarifications regarding scope of employment and reemployment 
                            rights of members of the uniformed 
                            services.
Sec. 535. Termination of telephone, multichannel video programming, and 
                            internet access service contracts by 
                            servicemembers who enter into contracts 
                            after receiving military orders for 
                            permanent change of station but then 
                            receive stop movement orders due to an 
                            emergency situation.
Sec. 536. Absentee ballot tracking program.
Sec. 537. Tracking mechanism and reporting requirements for 
                            supremacist, extremist, and criminal gang 
                            activity in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 538. Military-civilian task force on domestic violence and related 
                            information collection activities.
Sec. 539. Actions to address military-connected child abuse.
Sec. 540. Multidisciplinary board to evaluate suicide events.
Sec. 540A. To resolve controversies under Servicemembers Civil Relief 
                            Act.
Sec. 540B. Limitation on waiver of rights and protections under 
                            Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 540C. Clarification of private right of action under 
                            Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 540D. Requirement of certain certification before deportation of a 
                            spouse of a member of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 540E. Clarification of termination of leases of premises and motor 
                            vehicles of servicemembers who incur 
                            catastrophic injury or illness or die while 
                            in military service.
Sec. 540F. Availability of records for National Instant Criminal 
                            Background Check System.
Sec. 540G. Prohibition on certain communications regarding courts-
                            martial.
Sec. 540H. Termination of contracts for telephone, multichannel video 
                            programming, or internet access service by 
                            certain individuals under Servicemembers 
                            Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 540I. Report on drug demand reduction program modernization.
Sec. 540J. Qualifications of judges and standard of review for Courts 
                            of Criminal Appeals.
Sec. 540K. Right to notice of victims of offenses under the Uniform 
                            Code of Military Justice regarding certain 
                            post-trial motions, filings, and hearings.
                       Subtitle E--Sexual Assault

Sec. 541. Protection of attorney-client privilege between victims and 
                            Special Victims' Counsel.
Sec. 542. Authority of military judges and military magistrates to 
                            issue military court protective orders.
Sec. 543. Additional bases for provision of advice by the Defense 
                            Advisory Committee for the Prevention of 
                            Sexual Misconduct.
Sec. 544. Modification of reporting and data collection on victims of 
                            sexual offenses.
Sec. 545. Modification of annual report regarding sexual assaults 
                            involving members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 546. Coordination of support for survivors of sexual trauma.
Sec. 547. Policy on separation of victim and accused at military 
                            service academies.
Sec. 548. Safe-to-report policy applicable across the Armed Forces.
Sec. 549. Question in workplace and gender relations surveys regarding 
                            prosecutions of sexual assault.
Sec. 550. Pilot program on prosecution of special victim offenses 
                            committed by attendees of military service 
                            academies.
Sec. 550A. Report on status of investigations of alleged sex-related 
                            offenses.
Sec. 550B. Report on sexual abuse and harassment of recruits during 
                            medical examinations prior to entry into 
                            the Armed Forces.
Sec. 550C. Confidential reporting of sexual harassment.
         Subtitle F--Member Education, Training, and Transition

Sec. 551. Counseling in the Transition Assistance Program regarding 
                            sexual assault, sexual or gender 
                            harassment, and intimate partner violence.
Sec. 552. Medical or administrative discharge as a pathway for 
                            counseling in the Transition Assistance 
                            Program.
Sec. 553. Family dynamics as pathways for counseling in the Transition 
                            Assistance Program.
Sec. 554. Establishment of mentoring and career counseling program.
Sec. 555. Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center.
Sec. 556. Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center.
Sec. 557. Increase in number of permanent professors at the United 
                            States Air Force Academy.
Sec. 558. Information on nominations and applications for military 
                            service academies.
Sec. 559. Transformation of the professional military education 
                            enterprise.
Sec. 560. College of International Security Affairs of the National 
                            Defense University.
Sec. 560A. Public-private consortium to improve professional military 
                            education.
Sec. 560B. Participation of members of the reserve components of the 
                            Armed Forces in the Skillbridge program.
Sec. 560C. Study regarding VA participation in TAP.
Sec. 560D. GAO study regarding transferability of military 
                            certifications to civilian occupational 
                            licenses and certifications.
Sec. 560E. Transition outreach.
Sec. 560F. Continued participation of separated members of the Armed 
                            Forces in Skillbridge programs.
Sec. 560G. Expansion of Skillbridge program to include the Coast Guard.
Sec. 560H. Establishment of performance measures for the Credentialing 
                            Opportunities On-Line programs of the Armed 
                            Forces.
Sec. 560I. Authority of military educational institutions to accept 
                            research grants.
Sec. 560J. Report on officer training in irregular warfare.
Sec. 560K. Report regarding county, Tribal, and local veterans service 
                            officers.
Sec. 560L. Limited exception for attendance of enlisted personnel at 
                            senior level and intermediate level officer 
                            professional military education courses.
Sec. 560M. Limitation on eligibility of for-profit institutions to 
                            participate in educational assistance 
                            programs of the Department of Defense.
    Subtitle G--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

Sec. 561. Family readiness: definitions; communication strategy; 
                            report.
Sec. 562. Support services for members of special operations forces and 
                            immediate family members.
Sec. 563. Authority to provide financial assistance to certain in-home 
                            child care providers for members of the 
                            Armed Forces and survivors of members who 
                            die in combat in the line of duty.
Sec. 564. Expansion of financial assistance under My Career Advancement 
                            Account program.
Sec. 565. Child care.
Sec. 566. Continuation of paid parental leave upon death of child.
Sec. 567. Study and report on the performance of the Department of 
                            Defense Education Activity.
Sec. 568. Comptroller General of the United States report on the 
                            structural condition of Department of 
                            Defense Education Activity schools.
Sec. 569. Pilot program to expand eligibility for enrollment at 
                            domestic dependent elementary and secondary 
                            schools.
Sec. 570. Continued assistance to schools with significant numbers of 
                            military dependent students.
Sec. 570A. Standardization of the Exceptional Family Member Program.
Sec. 570B. Training program regarding foreign disinformation campaigns.
Sec. 570C. Reopening of child care facilities of the Engineer Research 
                            and Development Center.
Sec. 570D. Improvements to partner criteria of the Military Spouse 
                            Employment Partnership Program.
                  Subtitle H--Diversity and Inclusion

Sec. 571. Diversity and inclusion reporting requirements.
Sec. 572. Establishment of Diversity and Inclusion Advisory Council of 
                            the Department of Defense.
Sec. 573. Establishment of Special Inspector General for Racial and 
                            Ethnic Disparities in the Armed Forces; 
                            amendments to Inspector General Act.
Sec. 574. Questions regarding racism, anti-Semitism, and supremacism in 
                            workplace surveys administered by the 
                            Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 575. Report on demographics of officers appointed to certain 
                            grades.
Sec. 576. Plans to increase female and minority representation in the 
                            Armed Forces.
Sec. 577. Evaluation of barriers to minority participation in certain 
                            units of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 578. Report to Congress on efforts to increase diversity and 
                            representation in film, television, and 
                            publishing.
Sec. 579. Plan to improve responses to pregnancy and childbirth by 
                            members of the Armed Forces and employees 
                            of the Department of Defense.
                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Establishment of the Atomic Veterans Service Medal.
Sec. 582. Authorization for award of the distinguished-service cross 
                            for Ramiro F. Olivo for acts of valor 
                            during the Vietnam War.
Sec. 583. Eligibility of veterans of Operation End Sweep for Vietnam 
                            Service Medal.
          Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Expansion of Department of Defense STARBASE Program.
Sec. 592. Inclusion of certain outlying areas in the Department of 
                            Defense STARBASE Program.
Sec. 593. Prohibition on charging for or counting certain acronyms on 
                            headstones of individuals interred at 
                            Arlington National Cemetery.
Sec. 594. Report on placement of members of the Armed Forces in 
                            academic status who are victims of sexual 
                            assault onto Non-Rated Periods.
Sec. 595. Sense of Congress regarding advertising recruiting efforts.
Sec. 596. Study on financial impacts of COVID-19 on members of the 
                            Armed Forces and best practices to prevent 
                            future financial hardships.
Sec. 597. Sense of Congress honoring the Dover Air Force Base, 
                            Delaware, home to the 436th airlift wing, 
                            the 512th airlift wing, and the Charles C. 
                            Carson Center for mortuary affairs.
Sec. 598. GAO study of women involuntarily separated or discharged due 
                            to pregnancy or parenthood.
Sec. 599. Report regarding transportation of remains of certain 
                            decedents by the Secretary of a military 
                            department.
Sec. 599A. Postponement of conditional designation of Explosive 
                            Ordnance Disposal Corps as a basic branch 
                            of the Army.
Sec. 599B. Annual report regarding cost of living for members and 
                            employees of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 599C. Report on Preservation of the Force and Family Program of 
                            United States Special Operations Command.
Sec. 599D. GAO study of members absent without leave or on unauthorized 
                            absence.
          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Increase in basic pay.
Sec. 602. Basic needs allowance for low-income regular members.
Sec. 603. Reorganization of certain allowances other than travel and 
                            transportation allowances.
Sec. 604. Single military housing area for each municipality with a 
                            population greater than 500,000.
Sec. 605. Expansion of travel and transportation allowances to include 
                            fares and tolls.
Sec. 606. Compensation and credit for retired pay purposes for 
                            maternity leave taken by members of the 
                            reserve components.
             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
                            authorities.
Sec. 612. Increase in certain hazardous duty incentive pay for members 
                            of the uniformed services.
Sec. 613. Standardization of payment of hazardous duty incentive pay 
                            for members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 614. Clarification of 30 days of continuous duty on board a ship 
                            required for family separation allowance 
                            for members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 615. Expansion of reimbursable State licensure and certification 
                            costs for a military spouse arising from 
                            relocation.
                Subtitle C--Family and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 621. Expansion of authority to provide financial assistance to 
                            civilian providers of child care services 
                            or youth program services for survivors of 
                            members of the Armed Forces who die in the 
                            line of duty.
Sec. 622. Expansion of death gratuity for ROTC graduates.
Sec. 623. Recalculation of financial assistance for providers of child 
                            care services and youth program services 
                            for dependents.
Sec. 624. Priority for certain military family housing to a member of 
                            the Armed Forces whose spouse agrees to 
                            provide family home day care services.
Sec. 625. Study on feasibility of TSP contributions by military 
                            spouses.
Sec. 626. Gold star families parks pass.
Sec. 627. Modification to first division monument.
Sec. 628. Cheryl Lankford memorial expansion of assistance for Gold 
                            Star spouses and other dependents.
Sec. 629. Extension of Commissary and Exchange Benefits for Surviving 
                            Remarried Spouses With Dependent Children 
                            of a Member of the Armed Forces Who Dies 
                            While on Active Duty or Certain Reserve 
                            Duty.
                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

Sec. 631 . Base responders essential needs and dining access.
Sec. 632. First responder access to mobile exchanges.
Sec. 633. Updated business case analysis for consolidation of the 
                            defense resale system.
                  Subtitle E--Other Personnel Benefits

Sec. 641. Maintenance of funding for Stars and Stripes.
Sec. 642. Basic allowance for housing.
                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Expansion of mental health assessments for members of the 
                            Armed Forces.
Sec. 702. Mandatory referral for mental health evaluation.
Sec. 703. Assessments and testing relating to exposure to 
                            perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl 
                            substances.
Sec. 704. Improvement to breast cancer screening.
Sec. 705. Waiver of fees charged to certain civilians for emergency 
                            medical treatment provided at military 
                            medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 706. Expansion of benefits available under TRICARE Extended Care 
                            Health Option program.
Sec. 707. Provision of hearing aids for dependents of certain members 
                            of the reserve components.
                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Protection of the Armed Forces from infectious diseases.
Sec. 712. Inclusion of drugs, biological products, and critical medical 
                            supplies in national security strategy for 
                            national technology and industrial base.
Sec. 713. Contract authority of the Uniformed Services University of 
                            the Health Sciences.
Sec. 714. Extension of organization requirements for Defense Health 
                            Agency.
Sec. 715. Modification to limitation on the realignment or reduction of 
                            military medical manning end strength.
Sec. 716. Modifications to implementation plan for restructure or 
                            realignment of military medical treatment 
                            facilities.
Sec. 717. Policy to address opioid prescription abuse prevention.
Sec. 718. Addition of burn pit registration to electronic health 
                            records of members of the Armed Forces and 
                            veterans.
Sec. 719. Maintenance of certain medical services at military medical 
                            treatment facilities at Service Academies.
Sec. 720. Extramedical maternal health providers demonstration project.
                Subtitle C--Matters Relating to COVID-19

Sec. 721. COVID-19 military health system review panel.
Sec. 722. COVID-19 global war on pandemics.
Sec. 723. Registry of TRICARE beneficiaries diagnosed with COVID-19.
Sec. 724. Pandemic health assessments evaluate exposure to open burn 
                            pits and toxic airborne chemicals.
Sec. 725. Provision of information regarding COVID-19 in multiple 
                            languages.
Sec. 726. Study of substance use disorders among members of the Armed 
                            Forces and veterans during the COVID-19 
                            public health emergency.
                 Subtitle D--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 731. Modifications to pilot program on civilian and military 
                            partnerships to enhance interoperability 
                            and medical surge capability and capacity 
                            of national disaster medical system.
Sec. 732. Reports on suicide among members of the Armed Forces and 
                            suicide prevention programs and activities 
                            of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 733. Clarification of research under Joint Trauma Education and 
                            Training Directorate and inclusion of 
                            military working dogs.
Sec. 734. Extension of the Joint Department of Defense-Department of 
                            Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
                            Demonstration Project.
Sec. 735. Information sharing by Secretary of Defense regarding 
                            prevention of infant and maternal 
                            mortality.
Sec. 736. Grant program for increased cooperation on post-traumatic 
                            stress disorder research between United 
                            States and Israel.
Sec. 737. Pilot program on cryopreservation and storage.
Sec. 738. Pilot program on parents serving as certified nursing 
                            assistants for children under TRICARE 
                            program.
Sec. 739. Study on incidence of cancer diagnosis and mortality among 
                            pilots in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 740. Report on diet and nutrition of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 741. Report on costs and benefits of allowing retired members of 
                            the Armed Forces to contribute to health 
                            savings accounts.
Sec. 742. Study on toxic exposure at Karshi-Khanabad Air Base, 
                            Uzbekistan.
Sec. 743. Audit of medical conditions of tenants in privatized military 
                            housing.
Sec. 744. Report on Integrated Disability Evaluation System.
Sec. 745. Review and report on prevention of suicide among members of 
                            the Armed Forces stationed at remote 
                            installations outside the contiguous United 
                            States.
Sec. 746. Antimicrobial stewardship staffing at medical treatment 
                            facilities of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 747. Report on chiropractic care for dependents and retirees under 
                            the TRICARE program.
Sec. 748. Study on medevac helicopters and ambulances at military 
                            installations.
Sec. 749. Funding for pancreatic cancer research.
Sec. 750. Report on mental health treatment relating to pregnancy.
Sec. 750A. Report on cost of extending TRICARE coverage to individuals 
                            participating in Health Professions 
                            Scholarship and Financial Assistance 
                            Program.
Sec. 750B. Report on health care records of dependents who later seek 
                            to serve as a member of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 750C. Briefing on extension of TRICARE Prime to eligible 
                            beneficiaries in Puerto Rico and other 
                            United States territories.
Sec. 750D. Funding for post-traumatic stress disorder.
Sec. 750E. Increased collaboration with NIH to combat triple negative 
                            breast cancer.
Sec. 750F. Study on readiness contracts and the prevention of drug 
                            shortages.
Sec. 750G. Findings and sense of Congress on musculoskeletal injuries.
Sec. 750H. Wounded Warrior Service Dog Program.
Sec. 750I. Sense of congress regarding maternal mortality review.
Sec. 750J. Report on lapses in TRICARE coverage for members of the 
                            National Guard and reserve components.
Sec. 750K. Study and report on increasing telehealth services across 
                            Armed Forces.
Sec. 750L. Study on joint deployment formulary.
Subtitle E--Mental Health Services From Department of Veterans Affairs 
                   for Members of Reserve Components

Sec. 751. Short title.
Sec. 752. Expansion of eligibility for readjustment counseling and 
                            related outpatient services from Department 
                            of Veterans Affairs to include members of 
                            reserve components of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 753. Provision of mental health services from Department of 
                            Veterans Affairs to members of reserve 
                            components of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 754. Inclusion of members of reserve components in mental health 
                            programs of Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 755. Report on mental health and related services provided by 
                            Department of Veterans Affairs to members 
                            of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 756. Pilot program on sleep apnea among new recruits.
Sec. 757. Report on research and studies on health effects of burn 
                            pits.
Sec. 758. Mandatory training on health effects of burn pits.
Sec. 759. Inclusion of information on exposure to open burn pits in 
                            postdeployment health reassessments.
Sec. 760. Expansion of scope of Department of Veterans Affairs open 
                            burn pit registry to include open burn pits 
                            in Egypt and Syria.
Sec. 761. Pilot program on treatment of certain members of the Armed 
                            Forces impacted by traumatic brain injury 
                            and other associated health factors that 
                            influence long-term brain health and 
                            performance.
  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

             Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Congressional notification of termination of a middle tier 
                            acquisition program.
Sec. 802. Modification to the definition of nontraditional defense 
                            contractor.
Sec. 803. Major weapon systems: life-cycle sustainment plan.
Sec. 804. Contractor business systems.
Sec. 805. Acquisition authority of the Director of the Joint Artificial 
                            Intelligence Center.
Sec. 806. Reforming the Department of Defense.
Sec. 807. Alternative Space Acquisition System for the United States 
                            Space Force.
Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

Sec. 811. Sustainment reform for the Department of Defense.
Sec. 812. Modifications to Comptroller General assessment of 
                            acquisition programs and related 
                            initiatives.
Sec. 813. Contractor whistleblower protections relating to 
                            nondisclosure agreements.
Sec. 814. Competition requirements for purchases from Federal Prison 
                            Industries.
Sec. 815. Disclosure of beneficial owners in database for Federal 
                            agency contract and grant officers.
Sec. 816. Inclusion of optical transmission components in the 
                            analytical framework for supply chain 
                            risks.
Sec. 817. Amendment to definition of qualified apprentice.
Sec. 818. Contract closeout authority for services contracts.
Sec. 819. Plan to improve Department-wide management of investments in 
                            weapon systems.
Sec. 820. Documentation pertaining to commercial item determinations.
Sec. 820A. Guidelines and resources on the acquisition or licensing of 
                            intellectual property.
Sec. 820B. Requirements concerning former Department of Defense 
                            officials and lobbying activities.
Sec. 820C. Commercial product determination applies to components and 
                            support services.
                  Subtitle C--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 821. Quarterly national technology and industrial base briefings.
Sec. 822. Expansion on the prohibition on acquiring certain metal 
                            products.
Sec. 823. Requirement that certain ship components be manufactured in 
                            the national technology and industrial 
                            base.
Sec. 824. Preference for sourcing rare earth materials from the 
                            national technology and industrial base.
Sec. 825. Enhanced domestic content requirement for major defense 
                            acquisition programs.
Sec. 826. Additional requirements pertaining to printed circuit boards.
Sec. 827. Report on use of domestic nonavailability determinations.
Sec. 828. Sense of Congress on the prohibition on certain 
                            telecommunications and video surveillance 
                            services or equipment.
Sec. 829. Domestic sourcing requirements for aluminum.
Sec. 830. Report on aluminum refining, processing, and manufacturing.
Sec. 830A. Briefing on the supply chain for small unmanned aircraft 
                            system components.
Sec. 830B. Prohibition on procurement or operation of foreign-made 
                            unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 830C. Sense of Congress on gaps or vulnerabilities in the national 
                            technology and industrial base.
Sec. 830D. Report on partnerships for rare earth material supply chain 
                            security.
                   Subtitle D--Small Business Matters

Sec. 831. Transfer of verification of small business concerns owned and 
                            controlled by veterans or service-disabled 
                            veterans to the Small Business 
                            Administration.
Sec. 832. Equitable adjustments to certain construction contracts.
Sec. 833. Exemption of certain contracts awarded to small business 
                            concerns from category management 
                            requirements.
Sec. 834. Report on accelerated payments to certain small business 
                            concerns.
Sec. 835. Extension of participation in 8(a) program.
Sec. 836. Past performance ratings of certain small business concerns.
Sec. 837. Category management training.
Sec. 838. Small businesses in territories of the United States.
Sec. 839. Eligibility of the commonwealth of the northern mariana 
                            islands for certain small business 
                            administration programs.
Sec. 840. Boots to Business Program.
Sec. 840A. Employment size standard requirements.
                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 841. Modifications to supervision and award of certain contracts.
Sec. 842. Amendments to submissions to Congress relating to certain 
                            foreign military sales.
Sec. 843. Revisions to requirement to use firm fixed-price contracts 
                            for foreign military sales.
Sec. 844. Small Business Industrial Base Resiliency Program.
Sec. 845. Requirements relating to reports and limitations on the 
                            availability of funds.
Sec. 846. Assessment of the requirements processes of the military 
                            departments.
Sec. 847. Report on transfer and consolidation of certain defense 
                            acquisition statutes.
Sec. 848. Prohibition on contracting with persons with willful or 
                            repeated violations of the Fair Labor 
                            Standards Act of 1938.
Sec. 849. Reestablishment of Commission on Wartime Contracting.
Sec. 850. Report on certain contracts relating to construction or 
                            maintenance of a border wall.
Sec. 851. Congressional oversight of private security contractor 
                            contracts.
Sec. 852. Revisions to the Unified Facilities Criteria regarding the 
                            use of variable refrigerant flow systems.
      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Repeal of position of Chief Management Officer.
Sec. 902. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Industrial Base Policy.
Sec. 903. Assignment of responsibility for the Arctic region within the 
                            Office of the Secretary of Defense.
  Subtitle B--Other Department of Defense Organization and Management 
                                Matters

Sec. 911. Limitation on reduction of civilian workforce.
Sec. 912. Chief Diversity Officers.
Sec. 913. Establishment of Deputy Assistant Secretaries for 
                            Sustainment.
Sec. 914. Office of Defense Community Cooperation and Economic 
                            Adjustment.
Sec. 915. Input from Chief of National Guard Bureau to the Joint 
                            Requirements Oversight Council.
Sec. 916. Redesignation of the Joint Forces Staff College.
Sec. 917. Reporting on post-JAIC assignment.
Sec. 918. Comptroller General report on vulnerabilities of the 
                            Department of Defense resulting from 
                            offshore technical support call centers.
Sec. 919. Limitation on consolidation or transition to alternative 
                            content delivery methods within the Defense 
                            Media Activity.
                       Subtitle C--Space Matters

Sec. 921. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Space and Strategic 
                            Deterrence Policy.
Sec. 922. Office of the Chief of Space Operations.
Sec. 923. Space Force Medal.
Sec. 924. Clarification of procurement of commercial satellite 
                            communications services.
Sec. 925. Temporary exemption from authorized daily average of members 
                            in pay grades E-8 and E-9.
Sec. 926. One-time uniform allowance for members transferred to the 
                            Space Force.
Sec. 927. Rank and grade structure of the United States Space Force.
Sec. 928. Report on the role of the Naval Postgraduate School in space 
                            education.
                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Determination of budgetary effects.
Sec. 1003. Pandemic Preparedness and Resilience National Security Fund.
Sec. 1004. Budget materials for special operations forces.
Sec. 1005. Department of Defense audit remediation plan.
Sec. 1006. Public availability of Department of Defense legislative 
                            proposals.
                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

Sec. 1011. Support for counterdrug activities and activities to counter 
                            transnational organized crime affecting 
                            flow of drugs into the United States.
Sec. 1012. Congressional notification with respect to Department of 
                            Defense support provided to other United 
                            States agencies for counterdrug activities 
                            and activities to counter transnational 
                            organized crime.
                       Subtitle C--Naval Vessels

Sec. 1021. Limitation on availability of certain funds without naval 
                            vessels plan and certification.
Sec. 1022. Limitations on use of funds in the National Defense Sealift 
                            Fund for purchase of foreign constructed 
                            vessels.
Sec. 1023. Use of National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund for incrementally 
                            funded contracts to provide full funding 
                            for Columbia class submarines.
Sec. 1024. Preference for United States vessels in transporting 
                            supplies by sea.
Sec. 1025. Restrictions on overhaul, repair, etc. of naval vessels in 
                            foreign shipyards.
Sec. 1026. Biannual report on shipbuilder training and the defense 
                            industrial base.
Sec. 1027. Prohibition on use of funds for retirement of certain 
                            littoral combat ships.
Sec. 1028. Report on implementation of Commandant's Planning Guidance.
Sec. 1029. Limitation on naval force structure changes.
                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
                            individuals detained at United States Naval 
                            Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain 
                            countries.
Sec. 1032. Annual report on use of social media by foreign terrorist 
                            organizations.
         Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1041. Support of special operations to combat terrorism.
Sec. 1042. Prohibition on retirement of nuclear powered aircraft 
                            carriers before first refueling.
Sec. 1043. Required minimum inventory of tactical airlift aircraft.
Sec. 1044. Modification and technical correction to Department of 
                            Defense authority to provide assistance 
                            along the southern land border of the 
                            United States.
Sec. 1045. Battlefield airborne communications node certification 
                            requirement.
Sec. 1046. Requirements relating to newest generations of personal 
                            protective equipment.
Sec. 1047. Prohibition on use of funds for retirement of A-10 aircraft.
Sec. 1048. Mandatory criteria for strategic basing decisions.
Sec. 1049. Limitation on use of funds pending public availability of 
                            top-line numbers of deployed members of the 
                            Armed Forces.
Sec. 1050. Limitation on physical move, integration, reassignment, or 
                            shift in responsibility of Marine Forces 
                            Northern Command.
Sec. 1051. Conditions for permanently basing United States equipment or 
                            additional forces in host countries with 
                            at-risk vendors in 5G or 6G networks.
Sec. 1052. Curtailing Insurrection Act Violations of Individuals' 
                            Liberties.
Sec. 1053. Prohibition on use of funds for discriminatory algorithmic 
                            decisionmaking systems.
Sec. 1054. Inclusion of explosive ordnance disposal in special 
                            operations activities.
Sec. 1055. Requirements in connection with use of personnel other than 
                            the militia or the Armed Forces to suppress 
                            interference with State and Federal law.
Sec. 1056. Limitation on deactivation, unmanning, or selling of Army 
                            watercraft assets pending comprehensive 
                            analysis of mobility requirements and 
                            capabilities.
                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

Sec. 1101. Family and medical leave amendments.
Sec. 1102. Limitation on authority to exclude employees from chapter 71 
                            of title 5.
Sec. 1103. Authority to provide travel and transportation allowances in 
                            connection with transfer ceremonies of 
                            department of defense and coast guard 
                            civilian employees who die overseas.
Sec. 1104. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation 
                            on premium pay and aggregate limitation on 
                            pay for federal civilian employees working 
                            overseas.
Sec. 1105. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
                            allowances, benefits, and gratuities to 
                            civilian personnel on official duty in a 
                            combat zone.
Sec. 1106. Limiting the number of local wage areas defined within a pay 
                            locality.
Sec. 1107. Civilian Faculty At the Defense Security Cooperation 
                            University and Institute of Security 
                            Governance.
Sec. 1108. Expansion of authority for appointment of recently-retired 
                            members of the armed forces to positions at 
                            certain industrial base facilities.
Sec. 1109. Fire Fighters Alternative Work Schedule demonstration 
                            project.
Sec. 1110. Special rules for certain monthly workers' compensation 
                            payments and other payments for Federal 
                            Government personnel under chief of mission 
                            authority.
Sec. 1111. Restoration of annual leave due to a pandemic.
Sec. 1112. Prohibition on downloading or using TikTok by Federal 
                            employees.
Sec. 1113. Telework travel expenses program of the United States Patent 
                            and Trademark Office.
Sec. 1114. Extension of rate of overtime pay authority for Department 
                            of the Navy employees performing work 
                            aboard or dockside in support of the 
                            nuclear-powered aircraft carrier forward 
                            deployed in Japan.
Sec. 1115. Vacancy of Inspector General positions.
Subtitle B--Elijah E. Cummings Federal Employee Antidiscrimination Act 
                                of 2020

Sec. 1121. Short title.
Sec. 1122. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 1123. Notification of violation.
Sec. 1124. Reporting requirements.
Sec. 1125. Data to be posted by employing Federal agencies.
Sec. 1126. Data to be posted by the Equal Employment Opportunity 
                            Commission.
Sec. 1127. Notification and Federal Employee Antidiscrimination and 
                            Retaliation Act of 2002 amendments.
Sec. 1128. Nondisclosure agreement limitation.
           Subtitle C--Office of the National Cyber Director

Sec. 1131. Short title.
Sec. 1132. National Cyber Director.
             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Modification and extension of support of special operations 
                            for irregular warfare.
Sec. 1202. Department of Defense participation in European Program on 
                            Multilateral Exchange of Surface 
                            Transportation Services.
Sec. 1203. Extension of authority to transfer excess high mobility 
                            multipurpose wheeled vehicles to foreign 
                            countries.
Sec. 1204. Modification and extension of update of Department of 
                            Defense Freedom of Navigation Report.
Sec. 1205. Extension of report on workforce development.
Sec. 1206. Report on human rights and building partner capacity 
                            programs.
Sec. 1207. Extension of Department of Defense support for stabilization 
                            activities in national security interest of 
                            the United States.
        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
                            certain coalition nations for support 
                            provided to United States military 
                            operations.
Sec. 1212. Extension of the Afghan Special Immigrant Visa Program.
Sec. 1213. Limitation on use of funds to reduce deployment to 
                            Afghanistan.
Sec. 1214. Report on Operation Freedom Sentinel.
Sec. 1215. Modifications to immunity from seizure under judicial 
                            process of cultural objects.
Sec. 1216. Strategy for post-conflict engagement by the United States 
                            in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1217. Congressional oversight of United States talks with Taliban 
                            officials and Afghanistan's comprehensive 
                            peace process.
Sec. 1218. Report on civilian casualties in Afghanistan.
         Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1221. Extension and modification of authority to provide 
                            assistance to counter the Islamic State of 
                            Iraq and Syria.
Sec. 1222. Extension of authority to provide assistance to the vetted 
                            Syrian opposition.
Sec. 1223. Extension of authority to support operations and activities 
                            of the Office of Security Cooperation in 
                            Iraq.
Sec. 1224. Prohibition on provision of weapons and other forms of 
                            support to certain organizations.
Sec. 1225. Consolidated budget display and report on Operation Spartan 
                            Shield.
Sec. 1226. Sense of Congress on Peshmerga forces as a partner in 
                            Operation Inherent Resolve.
Sec. 1227. Report on the threat posed by Iranian-backed militias in 
                            Iraq.
                 Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Russia

Sec. 1231. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
                            of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 1232. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
                            United States and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1233. Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance 
                            Initiative.
Sec. 1234. United States participation in the Open Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1235. Sense of Congress on support for Ukraine.
Sec. 1236. Report on presence of Russian military forces in other 
                            foreign countries.
Sec. 1237. Sense of Congress on the Open Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1238. Countering Russian and Other Overseas Kleptocracy.
Sec. 1239. Report on threats to the United States Armed Forces from the 
                            Russian Federation.
            Subtitle E--Matters Relating to Europe and NATO

Sec. 1241. Limitations on use of funds to reduce the total number of 
                            members of the Armed Forces serving on 
                            active duty who are stationed in Germany, 
                            to reduce the total number of members of 
                            the Armed Forces stationed in Europe, and 
                            to divest military infrastructure in 
                            Europe.
Sec. 1242. Sense of Congress reaffirming the commitment of the United 
                            States to NATO.
Sec. 1243. Sense of Congress on support for coordinated action to 
                            ensure the security of Baltic allies.
Sec. 1244. Sense of Congress on support for Estonia, Latvia, and 
                            Lithuania.
Sec. 1245. Sense of Congress on support for Georgia.
Sec. 1246. Sense of Congress on burden sharing by partners and allies.
Sec. 1247. Sense of Congress on NATO's response to the COVID-19 
                            pandemic.
Sec. 1248. Clarification and expansion of sanctions relating to 
                            construction of Nord Stream 2 or Turkstream 
                            pipeline projects.
Sec. 1249. Coordination of stockpiles with the North Atlantic Treaty 
                            Organization and other allies.
        Subtitle F--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

Sec. 1251. Indo-Pacific Reassurance Initiative.
Sec. 1252. Limitation on use of funds to reduce the total number of 
                            members of the Armed Forces serving on 
                            active duty who are deployed to South 
                            Korea.
Sec. 1253. Implementation of GAO recommendations on preparedness of 
                            United States forces to counter North 
                            Korean chemical and biological weapons.
Sec. 1254. Public reporting of Chinese military companies operating in 
                            the United States.
Sec. 1255. Independent study on the defense industrial base of the 
                            People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1256. Deterrence strategy against Chinese-origin cyber attacks.
Sec. 1257. Report on China's One Belt, One Road Initiative in Africa.
Sec. 1258. Sense of Congress on enhancement of the United States-Taiwan 
                            defense relationship.
Sec. 1259. Report on supply chain security cooperation with Taiwan.
Sec. 1260. Report on United States-Taiwan medical security partnership.
Sec. 1260A. Report on United Front Work Department.
Sec. 1260B. Sense of Congress on cross-border violence between the 
                            People's Republic of China and India and 
                            the growing territorial claims of China.
Sec. 1260C. Sense of Congress on United States commitments to Pacific 
                            allies.
Sec. 1260D. Restrictions on export, reexport, and in-country transfers 
                            of certain items that provide a critical 
                            capability to the Government of the 
                            People's Republic of China to suppress 
                            individual privacy, freedom, and other 
                            basic human rights.
Sec. 1260E. Prohibition on commercial export of covered defense 
                            articles and services and covered munitions 
                            items to the Hong Kong Police.
Sec. 1260F. Southeast Asia Strategy.
Sec. 1260G. Sense of Congress on strategic security relationship 
                            between the United States and Mongolia.
                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1261. Provision of goods and services to Kwajalein Atoll.
Sec. 1262. Annual briefings on certain foreign military bases of 
                            adversaries.
Sec. 1263. Report on progress of the Department of Defense with respect 
                            to denying a fait accompli by a strategic 
                            competitor against a covered defense 
                            partner.
Sec. 1264. Modification to requirements of the initiative to support 
                            protection of national security academic 
                            researchers from undue influence and other 
                            security threats.
Sec. 1265. Report on directed use of fishing fleets.
Sec. 1266. Expanding the state partnership program in Africa.
Sec. 1267. Report relating to reduction in the total number of United 
                            States Armed Forces deployed to United 
                            States Africa Command area of 
                            responsibility.
Sec. 1268. Report on enhancing partnerships between the United States 
                            and African countries.
Sec. 1269. Sense of Congress with respect to Qatar.
Sec. 1270. Sense of Congress on United States military support for and 
                            participation in the Multinational Force 
                            and Observers.
Sec. 1271. Report on us military support of the Saudi-led coalition in 
                            Yemen.
Sec. 1272. Prohibition on support for military participation against 
                            the Houthis.
Sec. 1273. Rule of construction relating to use of military force.
Sec. 1274. Countering white identity terrorism globally.
Sec. 1275. Yemen.
Sec. 1276. Establishment of the Office of Subnational Diplomacy.
Sec. 1277. Report and strategy to address gross violations of human 
                            rights and civilian harm in Burkina Faso, 
                            Mali, and Niger.
Sec. 1278. Assessment of effectiveness of United States policies 
                            relating to exports of United States-origin 
                            Unmanned Aerial Systems that are assessed 
                            to be ``Category I'' items under the 
                            Missile Technology Control Regime.
Sec. 1279. Sense of Congress on the United States Israel relationship.
Sec. 1280. Feasibility study on increased rotational deployments to 
                            Greece and enhancement of United States-
                            Greece diplomatic engagement.
Sec. 1281. Report on internally displaced peoples in Ukraine, Georgia, 
                            Moldova, and Azerbaijan.
Sec. 1282. Sense of Congress on cross-border violence in the Galwan 
                            Valley and the growing territorial claims 
                            of the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1283. Enhancing Engagement with the Caribbean.
Sec. 1284. Amendments to annual Country Reports on Human Rights 
                            Practices.
Sec. 1285. Establishment of National Commission on U.S. 
                            Counterterrorism Policy.
Sec. 1286. Program to prevent, mitigate, and respond to civilian harm 
                            as a result of military operations in 
                            Somalia.
Sec. 1287. Sense of Congress regarding Japan and SMA report draft.
Sec. 1288. Sense of Congress relating to Grand Ethiopian Renaissance 
                            Dam.
Sec. 1289. Report on all comprehensive sanctions imposed on foreign 
                            governments.
Sec. 1290. Limitation on assistance to Brazil.
Sec. 1291. United States Agency for Global Media.
Sec. 1292. Determination and imposition of sanctions with respect to 
                            Turkey's acquisition of the S-400 air and 
                            missile defense system.
Sec. 1293. Report on incidents of arbitrary detention, violence, and 
                            state-sanctioned harassment by the 
                            Government of Egypt against United States 
                            citizens and their family members who are 
                            not United States citizens.
Sec. 1294. Establishment of the Open Technology Fund.
Sec. 1295. Sense of Congress on payment of amounts owed by Kuwait to 
                            United States medical institutions.
Sec. 1296. Protection and promotion of internationally recognized human 
                            rights during the novel coronavirus 
                            pandemic.
Sec. 1297. Review of Department of Defense compliance with ``Principles 
                            Related to the Protection of Medical Care 
                            Provided by Impartial Humanitarian 
                            Organizations During Armed Conflicts''.
Sec. 1298. Promoting human rights in Colombia.
Sec. 1299. Waiver of passport fees for certain individuals.
Sec. 1299A. Report on Venezuela.
Sec. 1299B. Prohibition on use of funds for aerial fumigation.
Sec. 1299C. Report on support for democratic reforms by the Government 
                            of the Republic of Georgia.
Sec. 1299D. Assessment on modernization targets of the People's 
                            Liberation Army.
Sec. 1299E. Mitigation and prevention of atrocities in high-risk 
                            countries.
Sec. 1299F. Resumption of Peace Corps operations.
Sec. 1299G. Transfer of excess naval vessels to the Government of 
                            Egypt.
Sec. 1299H. Limitation on production of nuclear proliferation 
                            assessment statements.
Sec. 1299I. Report on Mexican Security Forces.
Sec. 1299J. Matters relating to Cooperative Threat Reduction programs 
                            and weapons of mass destruction terrorism.
Sec. 1299K. Certification relating to assistance for Guatemala.
Sec. 1299L. Report on foreign influence campaigns targeting United 
                            States Federal elections.
              Subtitle H--Global Child Thrive Act of 2020

Sec. 1299M-1. Short title.
Sec. 1299M-2. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 1299M-3. Assistance to improve early childhood outcomes globally.
Sec. 1299M-4. Special advisor for assistance to orphans and vulnerable 
                            children.
Sec. 1299M-5. Rule of construction.
             Subtitle I--Global Health Security Act of 2020

Sec. 1299N-1. Short title.
Sec. 1299N-2. Global Health Security Agenda Interagency Review Council.
Sec. 1299N-3. United States Coordinator for Global Health Security.
Sec. 1299N-4. Strategy and reports.
Sec. 1299N-5. Compliance with the Foreign Aid Transparency and 
                            Accountability Act of 2016.
Sec. 1299N-6. Definitions.
Sec. 1299N-7. Sunset.
 Subtitle J--United States Nationals Unlawfully or Wrongfully Detained 
                                 Abroad

Sec. 1299O-1. Short title.
Sec. 1299O-2. Assistance for United States nationals unlawfully or 
                            wrongfully detained abroad.
Sec. 1299O-3. Special Envoy for Hostage Affairs.
Sec. 1299O-4. Hostage Recovery Fusion Cell.
Sec. 1299O-5. Hostage Response Group.
Sec. 1299O-6. Authorization of imposition of sanctions.
Sec. 1299O-7. Definitions.
Sec. 1299O-8. Rule of construction.
         Subtitle K--Matters Relating to the Northern Triangle

Sec. 1299P-1. Actions to advance prosperity in the Northern Triangle.
Sec. 1299P-2. Actions to combat corruption in the Northern Triangle.
Sec. 1299P-3. Actions to strengthen democratic institutions in the 
                            Northern Triangle.
Sec. 1299P-4. Actions to improve security conditions in the Northern 
                            Triangle.
Sec. 1299P-5. Targeted sanctions to fight corruption in the Northern 
                            Triangle.
Sec. 1299P-6. Definitions.
  Subtitle L--Additional Matters Relating to NATO Allies and Partners

Sec. 1299Q-1. Foreign military loan authority.
Sec. 1299Q-2. Authorization of rewards for providing information on 
                            foreign election interference.
Sec. 1299Q-3. Report on NATO member contributions.
Sec. 1299Q-4. Report on capability and capacity requirements of 
                            military forces of Ukraine and resource 
                            plan for security assistance.
Sec. 1299Q-5. Efforts to counter malign authoritarian influence.
  Subtitle M--Sudan Democratic Transition, Accountability, and Fiscal 
                        Transparency Act of 2020

Sec. 1299R-1. Short title.
Sec. 1299R-2. Definitions.
Sec. 1299R-3. Statement of policy.
Sec. 1299R-4. Support for democratic governance, rule of law, human 
                            rights, and fundamental freedoms.
Sec. 1299R-5. Support for development programs.
Sec. 1299R-6. Support for conflict mitigation.
Sec. 1299R-7. Support for accountability for war crimes, crimes against 
                            humanity, and genocide in Sudan.
Sec. 1299R-8. Suspension of assistance.
Sec. 1299R-9. Multilateral assistance.
Sec. 1299R-10. Coordinated support to recover assets stolen from the 
                            Sudanese people.
Sec. 1299R-11. Limitation on assistance to the Sudanese security and 
                            intelligence services.
Sec. 1299R-12. Authorization of imposition of sanctions with respect to 
                            certain Government of Sudan officials and 
                            other individuals.
Sec. 1299R-13. Reports.
Sec. 1299R-14. United States strategy for support to a civilian-led 
                            government in Sudan.
Sec. 1299R-15. Amendments to the Darfur Peace and Accountability Act of 
                            2006.
Sec. 1299R-16. Repeal of Sudan Peace Act and the Comprehensive Peace in 
                            Sudan Act.
  Subtitle N--Afghanistan Security and Reconstruction Transparency Act

Sec. 1299S-1. Short title.
Sec. 1299S-2. Public availability of data pertaining to measures of 
                            performance of the Afghan National Defense 
                            and Security Forces.
Sec. 1299S-3. District-level stability assessments of Afghan government 
                            and insurgent control and influence.
                          Subtitle O--LIFT Act

Sec. 1299T-1. Short title.
Sec. 1299T-2. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 1299T-3. Annual deadline for trafficking in persons report.
Sec. 1299T-4. United States Advisory Council on Human Trafficking.
Sec. 1299T-5. Timely provision of information to the Office to Monitor 
                            and Combat Trafficking in Persons of the 
                            Department of State.
Sec. 1299T-6. Reports to Congress.
Sec. 1299T-7. Definitions.
                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Funding allocations; specification of cooperative threat 
                            reduction funds.
Sec. 1302. Sense of Congress regarding biological threat reduction and 
                            cooperative biological engagement of the 
                            Cooperative Threat Reduction Program.
                    TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                     Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical agents and munitions destruction, defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1405. Defense health program.
Sec. 1406. National defense sealift fund.
                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 1411. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
                            Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs 
                            medical facility demonstration fund for 
                            Captain James A. Lovell Health Care Center, 
                            Illinois.
Sec. 1412. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
                            Home.
   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose.
Sec. 1502. Procurement.
Sec. 1503. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1504. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1505. Military personnel.
Sec. 1506. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1507. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1508. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1509. Defense Health Program.
                     Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1511. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1512. Special transfer authority.
                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1521. Afghanistan security forces fund.
Sec. 1522. Report on transitioning funding.
     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. National Security Space Launch program.
Sec. 1602. Requirement to buy certain satellite component from national 
                            technology and industrial base.
Sec. 1603. Commercial space domain awareness capabilities.
Sec. 1604. Responsive satellite infrastructure.
Sec. 1605. Policy to ensure launch of small-class payloads.
Sec. 1606. Tactically responsive space launch operations.
Sec. 1607. Limitation on availability of funds for prototype program 
                            for multi-global navigation satellite 
                            system receiver development.
Sec. 1608. Limitation on awarding contracts to entities operating 
                            commercial terrestrial communication 
                            networks that cause interference with the 
                            Global Positioning System.
Sec. 1609. Prohibition on availability of funds for certain purposes 
                            relating to the Global Positioning System.
Sec. 1610. Report on resilient protected communications satellites.
Sec. 1610A. Permanent personnel management authority for Space 
                            Development Agency for experts in science 
                            and engineering.
Sec. 1610B. Report on effect of COVID-19 on space industrial base and 
                            space programs of Department of Defense.
Sec. 1610C. Satellite ground network frequency licensing.
  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1611. Validation of capability requirements of National 
                            Geospatial-Intelligence Agency.
Sec. 1612. Safety of navigation mission of the National Geospatial-
                            Intelligence Agency.
Sec. 1613. National Academies Climate Security Roundtable.
Sec. 1614. Report on risk to national security posed by quantum 
                            computing technologies.
                 Subtitle C--Cyberspace-Related Matters

Sec. 1621. Cyber mission forces and cyberspace operations forces.
Sec. 1622. Cyberspace solarium commission.
Sec. 1623. Tailored cyberspace operations organizations.
Sec. 1624. Responsibility for the Sector Risk Management Agency 
                            function of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1625. Department of Defense Cyber Workforce Efforts.
Sec. 1626. Reporting requirements for cross domain compromises and 
                            exemptions to policies for information 
                            technology.
Sec. 1627. Assessing private-public collaboration in cybersecurity.
Sec. 1628. Cyber capabilities and interoperability of the National 
                            Guard.
Sec. 1629. Evaluation of non-traditional cyber support to the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 1630. Establishment of integrated cyber center.
Sec. 1631. Cyber threat information collaboration environment.
Sec. 1632. Defense industrial base participation in a threat 
                            intelligence sharing program.
Sec. 1633. Assistance for small manufacturers in the defense industrial 
                            supply chain on matters relating to 
                            cybersecurity.
Sec. 1634. Defense industrial base cybersecurity threat hunting and 
                            sensing, discovery, and mitigation.
Sec. 1635. Defense Digital Service.
Sec. 1636. Limitation of funding for National Defense University.
Sec. 1637. Critical infrastructure cyber incident reporting procedures.
Sec. 1638. Funding for National Center for Hardware and Embedded 
                            Systems Security and Trust.
Sec. 1639. Strengthening Federal networks.
Sec. 1640. DOD Cyber Hygiene and Cybersecurity Maturity Model 
                            Certification Framework.
Sec. 1640A. Subpoena authority.
Sec. 1640B. Extension of sunset for pilot program on regional 
                            cybersecurity training center for the Army 
                            National Guard.
Sec. 1640C. CISA Cybersecurity Support to Agencies.
Sec. 1640D. Establishment in DHS of joint cyber planning office.
Sec. 1640E. Implementation of certain cybersecurity recommendations; 
                            cyber hygiene and Cybersecurity Maturity 
                            Model Certification Framework.
Sec. 1640F. Biennial national cyber exercise.
                       Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1641. Coordination in transfer of funds by Department of Defense 
                            to National Nuclear Security 
                            Administration.
Sec. 1642. Exercises of nuclear command, control, and communications 
                            system.
Sec. 1643. Independent studies on nuclear weapons programs of certain 
                            foreign states.
Sec. 1644. Role of Secretary of Defense and Secretary of Energy on 
                            Nuclear Weapons Council.
Sec. 1645. Limitation on availability of funds relating to updates on 
                            meetings held by Nuclear Weapons Council.
Sec. 1646. Briefing on nuclear weapons storage and maintenance 
                            facilities of the Air Force.
                  Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1651. Extension and modification of requirement for Comptroller 
                            General of the United States review and 
                            assessment of missile defense acquisition 
                            programs.
Sec. 1652. Extension of transition of ballistic missile defense 
                            programs to military departments.
Sec. 1653. Development of hypersonic and ballistic missile tracking 
                            space sensor payload.
Sec. 1654. Annual certification on hypersonic and ballistic missile 
                            tracking space sensor payload.
Sec. 1655. Alignment of the Missile Defense Agency within the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 1656. Analysis of alternatives for homeland missile defense 
                            missions.
Sec. 1657. Next generation interceptors.
Sec. 1658. Oversight of next generation interceptor program.
Sec. 1659. Missile defense cooperation between the United States and 
                            Israel.
Sec. 1660. Report on defense of Guam from integrated air and missile 
                            threats.
Sec. 1661. Report on cruise missile defense.
                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1671. Conventional prompt global strike.
Sec. 1672. Submission of reports under Missile Defense Review and 
                            Nuclear Posture Review.
Sec. 1673. Report on consideration of risks of inadvertent escalation 
                            to nuclear war.
Sec. 1674. Limitation on availability of funds relating to reports on 
                            missile systems and arms control treaties.
Sec. 1675. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency review.
                 TITLE XVII--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

                    Subtitle A--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1701. Review of support of special operations to combat terrorism.
Sec. 1702. FFRDC study of explosive ordnance disposal agencies.
Sec. 1703. Report on the Human Rights Office at United States Southern 
                            Command.
Sec. 1704. Report on joint training range exercises for the Pacific 
                            region.
Sec. 1705. Study on Chinese policies and influence in the development 
                            of international standards for emerging 
                            technologies.
Sec. 1706. Sense of Congress and strategy on catastrophic critical 
                            infrastructure failure response.
Sec. 1707. GAO study on the school-to-prison pipeline.
Sec. 1708. Department of Veterans Affairs report on unclaimed property.
Sec. 1709. Report regarding veterans who receive benefits under laws 
                            administered by the Secretary of Veterans 
                            Affairs.
Sec. 1710. GAO report on ZTE compliance with settlement agreement.
Sec. 1710A.  GAO study of cybersecurity insurance.
Sec. 1710B. Report on recognition of African American servicemembers in 
                            Department of Defense naming practices.
Sec. 1710C. Report on Government police training and equipping 
                            programs.
Sec. 1710D. Deepfake report.
Sec. 1710E. Study on unemployment rate of women veterans who served on 
                            active duty in the Armed Forces after 
                            September 11, 2001.
Sec. 1710F. Report on the Oklahoma City National Memorial.
Sec. 1710G. Reports on military service academies.
Sec. 1710H. Independent study on identifying and addressing threats 
                            that individually or collectively affect 
                            national security, financial security, or 
                            both.
Sec. 1710I. Maritime security and domain awareness.
Sec. 1710J. Comptroller General report on Department of Defense 
                            processes for responding to congressional 
                            reporting requirements.
Sec. 1710K. Report on predatory social media and the military 
                            community.
Sec. 1710L. Report on transforming business processes for revolutionary 
                            change.
Sec. 1710M. Review and Report of experimentation with ticks and 
                            insects.
Sec. 1710N. Report on agile program and project management.
              Subtitle B--Electronic Message Preservation

Sec. 1711. Short title.
Sec. 1712. Preservation of electronic messages and other records.
Sec. 1713. Presidential records.
   Subtitle C--Space Technology Advancement Report (STAR) Act of 2020

Sec. 1721. Short title.
Sec. 1722. Findings.
Sec. 1723. Report; strategy.
                   Subtitle D--AMBER Alert Nationwide

Sec. 1731. Cooperation with Department of Homeland Security.
Sec. 1732. AMBER Alerts along major transportation routes.
Sec. 1733. AMBER Alert communication plans in the territories.
Sec. 1734. Government Accountability Office report.
                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 1741. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1742. Addition of Chief of the National Guard Bureau to the list 
                            of officers providing reports of unfunded 
                            priorities.
Sec. 1743. Acceptance of property by military academies and museums.
Sec. 1744. Reauthorization of National Oceanographic Partnership 
                            Program.
Sec. 1745. Requirements relating to program and project management.
Sec. 1746. Quarterly briefings on Joint All Domain Command and Control 
                            concept.
Sec. 1747. Resources to implement a Department of Defense policy on 
                            civilian casualties in connection with 
                            United States military operations.
Sec. 1748. Sense of Congress regarding reporting of civilian casualties 
                            resulting from United States military 
                            operations.
Sec. 1749. Prohibition of public display of Confederate battle flag on 
                            Department of Defense property.
Sec. 1750. Deployment of real-time status of special use airspace.
Sec. 1751. Duties of Secretary under Uniformed and Overseas Citizens 
                            Absentee Voting Act.
Sec. 1752. Publicly available database of casualties of members of the 
                            Armed Forces.
Sec. 1753. Notice and comment for proposed actions of the Secretary of 
                            Defense relating to food and beverage 
                            ingredients.
Sec. 1754. Space strategies and assessment.
Sec. 1755. Nonimmigrant status for certain nationals of Portugal.
Sec. 1756. Sense of Congress on extension of limitations on importation 
                            of uranium from Russian Federation.
Sec. 1757. Authority to establish a movement coordination center 
                            pacific in the Indopacific region.
Sec. 1758. Establishment of vetting procedures and monitoring 
                            requirements for certain military training.
Sec. 1759. Women, Peace, and Security Act implementation.
Sec. 1760. Developing crisis capabilities to meet needs for homeland 
                            security-critical supplies.
Sec. 1761. Establishment of western emergency refined petroleum 
                            products reserve.
Sec. 1762. Foreign state computer intrusions.
Sec. 1763. Online and distance education classes and nonimmigrant 
                            visas.
Sec. 1764. Transfer of Mare Island Naval Cemetery to Secretary of 
                            Veterans Affairs for maintenance by 
                            National Cemetery Administration.
Sec. 1765. Mitigation of helicopter noise.
Sec. 1766. Department of Defense support for certain sporting events.
Sec. 1767. Pilot program for online real estate inventory tool.
Sec. 1768. Establishment of Southern New England Regional Commission.
Sec. 1769. FedRamp Authorization Act.
Sec. 1770. Taxpayers Right-To-Know Act.
Sec. 1771. Building United States capacity for verification and 
                            manufacturing of advanced microelectronics.
Sec. 1772. Threshold for reporting additions to toxics release 
                            inventory.
Sec. 1773. Hemp products.
Sec. 1774. Exemption from Paperwork Reduction Act.
Sec. 1775. Support for the designation of National Borinqueneers Day.
Sec. 1776. Temporary relief for private student loan borrowers.
Sec. 1777. Support for national maritime heritage grants program.
Sec. 1778. Extension of time to review World War I Valor Medals.
Sec. 1779. Ensuring Chinese debt transparency.
Sec. 1780. Strategy to secure email.
Sec. 1781. Report on threat posed by domestic terrorists.
Sec. 1782. Domestic procurement of tungsten and tungsten powder.
Sec. 1783. Department of defense mechanism for provision of dissenting 
                            views.
Sec. 1784. Sector Risk Management Agencies.
Sec. 1785. Integration of members of the Armed Forces who are 
                            minorities.
Sec. 1786. Policy on conscious and unconscious gender bias.
Sec. 1787. Protections for pregnant members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 1788. Release of Department of Defense documents on the 1981 El 
                            Mozote massacre in El Salvador.
Sec. 1789. Study and establishment of the Assistant Deputy Secretary 
                            for Environment and Resilience.
Sec. 1790. Expansion of eligibility for HUD-VASH.
Sec. 1791. Waiver authority with respect to institutions located in an 
                            area affected by Hurricane Maria.
Sec. 1792. Credit monitoring.
Sec. 1793. Department of Homeland Security CISA Director term 
                            limitation.
Sec. 1794. Workforce issues for military realignments in the Pacific.
Sec. 1795. Inclusion on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall of the names 
                            of the lost crew members of the U.S.S. 
                            Frank E. Evans killed on June 3, 1969.
Sec. 1796. Study on viability of seawater mining for critical minerals.
Sec. 1797. Restrictions on Confucius Institutes.
Sec. 1798. Disclosure requirement.
Sec. 1799. Increased realism and training effectiveness for airborne 
                            anti-submarine warfare training at offshore 
                            training ranges.
Sec. 1800. Review of use of innovative wood product technology.
Sec. 1801. Strategy to increase participation in international military 
                            education and training programs.
Sec. 1802. Establishment of Office of Cyber Engagement of the 
                            Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 1803. Certified notice at completion of an assessment.
Sec. 1804. Department of Homeland Security acquisition documentation.
Sec. 1805. Large-scale non-intrusive inspection scanning plan.
Sec. 1806. National supply chain database.
Sec. 1807. Coordination with Hollings Manufacturing Extension 
                            Partnership Centers.
Sec. 1808. COVID-19 Emergency Medical Supplies Enhancement.
Sec. 1809. Prohibition on provision of grant funds to entities that 
                            have violated intellectual property rights 
                            of United States entities.
Sec. 1810. Disclosure of imports from the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous 
                            Region.
Sec. 1811. Ted Stevens Center for Arctic Security Studies.
Sec. 1812. Payments for private education loan borrowers, as a result 
                            of COVID-19.
           Subtitle F--Semiconductor Manufacturing Incentives

Sec. 1821. Semiconductor incentive grants.
Sec. 1822. Department of Commerce study on status of semiconductors 
                            technologies in the United States 
                            industrial base.
Sec. 1823. Funding for development and adoption of secure semiconductor 
                            and secure semiconductor supply chains.
Sec. 1824. Advanced semiconductor research and design.
Sec. 1825. Prohibition relating to foreign entities of concern.
         Subtitle G--Biliteracy Education Seal and Teaching Act

Sec. 1831. Short title.
Sec. 1832. Findings.
Sec. 1833. Definitions.
Sec. 1834. Grants for State Seal of Biliteracy programs.
        Subtitle H--Accountability for World Bank Loans to China

Sec. 1841. Short title.
Sec. 1842. Findings.
Sec. 1843. United States support for graduation of China from World 
                            Bank assistance.
Sec. 1844. Accountability for World Bank loans to the People's Republic 
                            of China.
Sec. 1845. Ensuring debt transparency with respect to the Belt and Road 
                            Initiative.
               Subtitle I--Employment Fairness for Taiwan

Sec. 1851. Short title.
Sec. 1852. Sense of the Congress.
Sec. 1853. Fairness for Taiwan nationals regarding employment at 
                            international financial institutions.
            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
                            specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.
                 TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Limitation on military construction project at Kwajalein 
                            Atoll.
Sec. 2105. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2017 project.
                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing and improvements to military family housing 
                            units.
Sec. 2203. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing and improvements to military family housing 
                            units.
Sec. 2303. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2304. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2018 project.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2019 projects.
Sec. 2306. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2020 projects.
Sec. 2307. Technical corrections related to authority to carry out 
                            certain fiscal year 2020 family housing 
                            projects.
           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized Energy Resilience and Conservation Investment 
                            Program projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
Sec. 2404. Military construction infrastructure and weapon system 
                            synchronization for Ground Based Strategic 
                            Deterrent.
                   TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

  Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.
             Subtitle B--Host Country In-Kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.
Sec. 2512. State of Qatar funded construction projects.
            TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve 
                            construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.
Sec. 2607. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2020 project.
          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
                            closure activities funded through 
                            Department of Defense base closure account.
         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--Military Construction Program Changes

Sec. 2801. Modification and clarification of construction authority in 
                            the event of a declaration of war or 
                            national emergency.
Sec. 2802. Extension of sunset for annual locality adjustment of dollar 
                            thresholds applicable to unspecified minor 
                            military construction authorities.
Sec. 2803. Modification of reporting requirement regarding cost 
                            increases associated with certain military 
                            construction projects and military family 
                            housing projects.
Sec. 2804. Expansion of Department of Defense land exchange authority.
Sec. 2805. Congressional project authorization required for military 
                            construction projects for energy 
                            resilience, energy security, and energy 
                            conservation.
Sec. 2806. One-year extension of temporary, limited authority to use 
                            operation and maintenance funds for 
                            construction projects in certain areas 
                            outside the United States.
Sec. 2807. Pilot Program to support combatant command military 
                            construction priorities.
Sec. 2808. Biannual report regarding military installations supported 
                            by disaster relief appropriations.
              Subtitle B--Military Family Housing Reforms

Sec. 2811. Expenditure priorities in using Department of Defense Family 
                            Housing Improvement Fund.
Sec. 2812. Promulgation of guidance to facilitate return of military 
                            families displaced from privatized military 
                            housing.
Sec. 2813. Promulgation of guidance on mold mitigation in privatized 
                            military housing.
Sec. 2814. Expansion of uniform code of basic standards for privatized 
                            military housing and hazard and 
                            habitability inspection and assessment 
                            requirements to Government-owned and 
                            Government-controlled military family 
                            housing.
Sec. 2815. Establishment of Exceptional Family Member Program housing 
                            liaison.
Sec. 2816. Department of Defense report on criteria and metrics used to 
                            evaluate performance of landlords of 
                            privatized military housing that receive 
                            incentive fees.
Sec. 2817. Report on Department of Defense efforts regarding oversight 
                            and role in management of privatized 
                            military housing.
Sec. 2818. Improved Department of Defense and landlord response to 
                            identification and remediation of severe 
                            environmental health hazards in military 
                            housing.
Sec. 2819. Inclusion of assessment of performance metrics in annual 
                            publication on use of incentive fees for 
                            privatized military housing projects.
        Subtitle C--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2821. Codification of reporting requirements regarding United 
                            States overseas military enduring locations 
                            and contingency locations.
Sec. 2822. Limitations on renewal of utility privatization contracts.
Sec. 2823. Vesting exercise of discretion with Service Secretaries 
                            regarding entering into longer-term 
                            contracts for utility services.
Sec. 2824. Use of on-site energy production to promote military 
                            installation energy resilience and energy 
                            security.
Sec. 2825. Availability of Energy Resilience and Conservation 
                            Investment Program funds for certain 
                            activities related to privatized utility 
                            systems.
Sec. 2826. Improving water management and security on military 
                            installations.
Sec. 2827. Pilot program to test use of emergency diesel generators in 
                            a microgrid configuration at certain 
                            military installations.
Sec. 2828. Improved electrical metering of Department of Defense 
                            infrastructure supporting critical 
                            missions.
Sec. 2829. Renaming certain military installations and other defense 
                            property.
                      Subtitle D--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2831. Land conveyance, Camp Navajo, Arizona.
Sec. 2832. Modification of land exchange involving Naval Industrial 
                            Reserve Ordnance Plant, Sunnyvale, 
                            California.
Sec. 2833. Land conveyance, Sharpe Army Depot, lathrop, California.
Sec. 2834. Land exchange, San Bernardino County, California.
Sec. 2835. Land conveyance, Over-the-Horizon Backscatter Radar System 
                            receiving station, Modoc County, 
                            California.
Sec. 2836. Transfer of administrative jurisdiction, Naval Support 
                            Activity Panama City, Florida, parcel.
Sec. 2837. Land conveyance, Milan Army Ammunition Plant, Tennessee.
                 Subtitle E--Military Land Withdrawals

Sec. 2841. Renewal of land withdrawal and reservation to benefit Naval 
                            Air Facility, El Centro, California.
Sec. 2842. Renewal of Fallon Range Training Complex land withdrawal and 
                            reservation.
Sec. 2843. Renewal of Nevada Test and Training Range land withdrawal 
                            and reservation.
Sec. 2844. Additional requirements regarding Nevada Test and Training 
                            Range.
Sec. 2845. Specified duration of White Sands Missile Range land 
                            withdrawal and reservation and 
                            establishment of special reservation area 
                            for northern and western extension areas.
Sec. 2846. Grand Canyon Centennial Protection Act.
            Subtitle F--Asia-Pacific and Indo-Pacific Issues

Sec. 2851. Change to biennial reporting requirement for Interagency 
                            Coordination Group of Inspectors General 
                            for Guam Realignment.
Sec. 2852. Additional exception to restriction on development of public 
                            infrastructure in connection with 
                            realignment of Marine Corps forces in Asia-
                            Pacific region.
Sec. 2853. Development of master plan for infrastructure to support 
                            rotational Armed Forces in Australia.
Sec. 2854. Study and strategy regarding bulk fuels management in United 
                            States Indo-Pacific Command Area of 
                            Responsibility.
Sec. 2855. Department of Defense report on easements and leased lands 
                            in Hawai`i.
                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 2861. Defense Community Infrastructure Program.
Sec. 2862. Pilot program on reduction of effects of military aviation 
                            noise on certain covered property.
Sec. 2863. Department of Defense policy for regulation of dangerous 
                            dogs in military communities.
Sec. 2864. Responsibility of Navy for military construction 
                            requirements for certain Fleet Readiness 
                            Centers.
   TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2901. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2903. Authorization of appropriations.
 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

       TITLE XXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

       Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.
  Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, Limitations, and 
                             Other Matters

Sec. 3111. Nuclear warhead acquisition processes.
Sec. 3112. Uncosted and unobligated amounts of National Nuclear 
                            Security Administration.
Sec. 3113. Extension of limitation relating to reclassification of 
                            high-level waste.
Sec. 3114. Extension of pilot program on unavailability for overhead 
                            costs of amounts specified for laboratory-
                            directed research and development.
Sec. 3115. Plutonium pit production.
Sec. 3116. Program for research and development of advanced naval 
                            nuclear fuel system based on low-enriched 
                            uranium.
Sec. 3117. Independent study on effects of use of nuclear weapons.
Sec. 3118. Reports on diversity of certain contractor employees of 
                            National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3119. Findings, purpose, and apology relating to fallout emitted 
                            during the Government's atmospheric nuclear 
                            tests.
Sec. 3120. Sense of Congress regarding uranium mining and nuclear 
                            testing.
Sec. 3121. Prohibition on use of funds for nuclear weapons test 
                            explosions.
Sec. 3122. Sense of Congress on the Energy Employees Occupational 
                            Illness Compensation Program.
          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.
                 TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.
                      TITLE XXXV--MARITIME MATTERS

                  Subtitle A--Maritime Administration

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Sense of Congress regarding role of domestic maritime 
                            industry in national security.
Sec. 3503. Nonapplicability of requirement relating to minimum number 
                            of operating days for vessels operating 
                            under MSP Operating Agreements.
Sec. 3504. Improvements to process for waiving navigation and vessel-
                            inspection laws.
Sec. 3505. Maritime transportation system emergency relief program.
Sec. 3506. Centers of excellence for domestic maritime workforce 
                            training and education: technical 
                            amendments.
Sec. 3507. Merchant mariner education loan program.
Sec. 3508. Assistance for inland and small coastal ports and terminals.
Sec. 3509. National Shipper Advisory Committee.
Sec. 3510. Sea year cadets on cable security fleet and tanker security 
                            fleet vessels.
Sec. 3510A. Superintendent of the United States Merchant Marine 
                            Academy.
Sec. 3510B. Maritime academy information.
Sec. 3510C. Mariner licensing and credentialing.
Sec. 3510D. National Shipper Advisory Committee.
                   Subtitle B--Tanker Security Fleet

Sec. 3511. Tanker Security Fleet.
               TITLE XXXVI--FARM AND RANCH MENTAL HEALTH

Sec. 3601. Public service announcement campaign to address farm and 
                            ranch mental health.
Sec. 3602. Employee training program to manage farmer and rancher 
                            stress.
Sec. 3603. Task force for assessment of causes of mental stress and 
                            best practices for response.
                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.
                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.
        TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
                            contingency operations.
                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
                            operations.
                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.
                    TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.
                   TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.
      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of energy national security programs.
  DIVISION E--NATIONAL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE INITIATIVE ACT OF 2020

Sec. 5001. Short title.
Sec. 5002. Findings.
Sec. 5003. Definitions.
          TITLE I--NATIONAL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE INITIATIVE

Sec. 5101. National Artificial Intelligence Initiative.
Sec. 5102. National Artificial Intelligence Initiative Office.
Sec. 5103. Coordination by Interagency Committee.
Sec. 5104. National Artificial Intelligence Advisory Committee.
Sec. 5105. National Academies artificial intelligence impact study on 
                            workforce.
Sec. 5106. GAO report on computational needs.
Sec. 5107. National AI Research Resource Task Force.
Sec. 5108. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 5109. Rule of construction regarding ethical artificial 
                            intelligence.
     TITLE II--NATIONAL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH INSTITUTES

Sec. 5201. National Artificial Intelligence Research Institutes.
                   TITLE III--DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

Sec. 5301. National Institute of Standards and Technology activities.
Sec. 5302. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Artificial 
                            Intelligence Center.
     TITLE IV--NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 
                               ACTIVITIES

Sec. 5401. Artificial intelligence research and education.
 TITLE V--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH PROGRAM

Sec. 5501. Department of Energy Artificial Intelligence Research 
                            Program.
Sec. 5502. Department of Energy Veterans' Health Initiative.
             DIVISION F--CORPORATE TRANSPARENCY ACT OF 2019

Sec. 6001. Short title.
Sec. 6002. Findings.
Sec. 6003. Transparent incorporation practices.
Sec. 6004. Studies and reports.
Sec. 6005. Definitions.
                    DIVISION G--COUNTER ACT OF 2019

Sec. 7001. Short title.
Sec. 7002. Bank Secrecy Act definition.
                    TITLE I--STRENGTHENING TREASURY

Sec. 7101. Improving the definition and purpose of the Bank Secrecy 
                            Act.
Sec. 7102. Special hiring authority.
Sec. 7103. Civil Liberties and Privacy Officer.
Sec. 7104. Civil Liberties and Privacy Council.
Sec. 7105. International coordination.
Sec. 7106. Treasury Attaches Program.
Sec. 7107. Increasing technical assistance for international 
                            cooperation.
Sec. 7108. FinCEN Domestic Liaisons.
Sec. 7109. FinCEN Exchange.
Sec. 7110. Study and strategy on trade-based money laundering.
Sec. 7111. Study and strategy on de-risking.
Sec. 7112. AML examination authority delegation study.
Sec. 7113. Study and strategy on Chinese money laundering.
                 TITLE II--IMPROVING AML/CFT OVERSIGHT

Sec. 7201. Pilot program on sharing of suspicious activity reports 
                            within a financial group.
Sec. 7202. Sharing of compliance resources.
Sec. 7203. GAO Study on feedback loops.
Sec. 7204. FinCEN study on BSA value.
Sec. 7205. Sharing of threat pattern and trend information.
Sec. 7206. Modernization and upgrading whistleblower protections.
Sec. 7207. Certain violators barred from serving on boards of United 
                            States financial institutions.
Sec. 7208. Additional damages for repeat Bank Secrecy Act violators.
Sec. 7209. Justice annual report on deferred and non-prosecution 
                            agreements.
Sec. 7210. Return of profits and bonuses.
Sec. 7211. Application of Bank Secrecy Act to dealers in antiquities.
Sec. 7212. Geographic targeting order.
Sec. 7213. Study and revisions to currency transaction reports and 
                            suspicious activity reports.
Sec. 7214. Streamlining requirements for currency transaction reports 
                            and suspicious activity reports.
                 TITLE III--MODERNIZING THE AML SYSTEM

Sec. 7301. Encouraging innovation in BSA compliance.
Sec. 7302. Innovation Labs.
Sec. 7303. Innovation Council.
Sec. 7304. Testing methods rulemaking.
Sec. 7305. FinCEN study on use of emerging technologies.
Sec. 7306. Discretionary surplus funds.
  DIVISION H--ELIJAH E. CUMMINGS COAST GUARD AUTHORIZATION ACT OF 2020

Sec. 101. Short title.
Sec. 102. Definition of Commandant.
                        TITLE I--AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 8001. Authorizations of appropriations.
Sec. 8002. Authorized levels of military strength and training.
Sec. 8003. Determination of budgetary effects.
Sec. 8004. Availability of amounts for acquisition of additional 
                            National Security Cutter.
Sec. 8005. Procurement authority for Polar Security Cutters.
Sec. 8006. Sense of the Congress on need for new Great Lakes 
                            icebreaker.
Sec. 8007. Procurement authority for Great Lakes icebreaker.
Sec. 8008. Polar Security Cutter acquisition report.
Sec. 8009. Shoreside infrastructure.
Sec. 8010. Major acquisition systems infrastructure.
Sec. 8011. Polar icebreakers.
Sec. 8012. Acquisition of fast response cutter.
                         TITLE II--COAST GUARD

                 Subtitle A--Military Personnel Matters

Sec. 9101. Grade on retirement.
Sec. 9102. Authority for officers to opt out of promotion board 
                            consideration.
Sec. 9103. Temporary promotion authority for officers in certain grades 
                            with critical skills.
Sec. 9104. Career intermission program.
Sec. 9105. Direct commissioning authority for individuals with critical 
                            skills.
Sec. 9106. Employment assistance.
            Subtitle B--Organization and Management Matters

Sec. 9201. Congressional affairs; Director.
Sec. 9202. Limitations on claims.
Sec. 9203. Renewal of temporary early retirement authority.
Sec. 9204. Major acquisitions; operation and sustainment costs.
Sec. 9205. Support of women serving in the Coast Guard.
Sec. 9206. Disposition of infrastructure related to E-LORAN.
Sec. 9207. Positions of importance and responsibility.
Sec. 9208. Research projects; transactions other than contracts and 
                            grants.
Sec. 9209. Acquisition workforce authorities.
Sec. 9210. Vessel conversion, alteration, and repair projects.
Sec. 9211. Modification of acquisition process and procedures.
Sec. 9212. Establishment and purpose of Fund; definition.
Sec. 9213. Payments from Fund.
Sec. 9214. Determination of contributions to Fund.
Sec. 9215. Payments into Fund.
       Subtitle C--Access to Child Care for Coast Guard Families

Sec. 9301. Report on child care and school-age care assistance for 
                            qualified families.
Sec. 9302. Review of family support services website and online 
                            tracking system.
Sec. 9303. Study and survey on Coast Guard child care needs.
Sec. 9304. Pilot program to expand access to child care.
Sec. 9305. Improvements to Coast Guard-owned family housing.
Sec. 9306. Briefing on transfer of family child care provider 
                            qualifications and certifications.
Sec. 9307. Inspections of Coast Guard child development centers and 
                            family child care providers.
Sec. 9308. Expanding opportunities for family child care.
Sec. 9309. Definitions.
                          Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 9401. Modifications of certain reporting requirements.
Sec. 9402. Report on cybersecurity workforce.
Sec. 9403. Report on navigation and bridge resource management.
Sec. 9404. Report on helicopter life-cycle support and 
                            recapitalization.
Sec. 9405. Report on Coast Guard response capabilities for cyber 
                            incidents on vessels entering ports or 
                            waters of the United States.
Sec. 9406. Study and report on Coast Guard interdiction of illicit 
                            drugs in transit zones.
Sec. 9407. Report on liability limits set in section 1004 of the Oil 
                            Pollution Act of 1990.
Sec. 9408. Report on Coast Guard defense readiness resources 
                            allocation.
Sec. 9409. Report on the feasibility of liquefied natural gas fueled 
                            vessels.
Sec. 9410. Coast Guard authorities study.
Sec. 9411. Report on effects of climate change on Coast Guard.
Sec. 9412. Shore infrastructure.
Sec. 9413. Coast Guard housing; status and authorities briefing.
Sec. 9414. Physical access control system report.
Sec. 9415. Study on Certificate of Compliance inspection program with 
                            respect to vessels that carry bulk 
                            liquefied gases as cargo and liquefied 
                            natural gas tank vessels.
Sec. 9416. Comptroller General of the United States review and report 
                            on Coast Guard's International Port 
                            Security Program.
Sec. 9417. Comptroller General of the United States review and report 
                            on surge capacity of the Coast Guard.
Sec. 9418. Comptroller General of the United States review and report 
                            on marine inspections program of Coast 
                            Guard.
Sec. 9419. Comptroller General of the United States review and report 
                            on information technology program of Coast 
                            Guard.
Sec. 9420. Comptroller General of the United States study and report on 
                            access to health care by members of Coast 
                            Guard and dependents.
Sec. 9421. Comptroller General of the United States study and report on 
                            medical staffing standards and needs for 
                            Coast Guard.
Sec. 9422. Report on fast response cutters, offshore patrol cutters, 
                            and national security cutters.
            Subtitle E--Coast Guard Academy Improvement Act

Sec. 9501. Short title.
Sec. 9502. Coast Guard Academy study.
Sec. 9503. Annual report.
Sec. 9504. Assessment of Coast Guard Academy admission processes.
Sec. 9505. Coast Guard Academy minority outreach team program.
Sec. 9506. Coast Guard college student pre-commissioning initiative.
Sec. 9507. Annual board of visitors.
Sec. 9508. Homeland Security rotational cybersecurity research program 
                            at Coast Guard Academy.
                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 9601. Strategy on leadership of Coast Guard.
Sec. 9602. Expedited transfer in cases of sexual assault; dependents of 
                            members of the Coast Guard.
Sec. 9603. Access to resources during creosote-related building 
                            closures at Coast Guard Base Seattle, 
                            Washington.
Sec. 9604. Southern resident orca conservation and enforcement.
Sec. 9605. Sense of Congress and report on implementation of policy on 
                            issuance of warrants and subpoenas and 
                            whistleblower protections by agents of the 
                            Coast Guard Investigative Service.
Sec. 9606. Inspector General report on access to Equal Opportunity 
                            Advisors and Equal Employment Opportunity 
                            Specialists.
Sec. 9607. Insider Threat Program.
                          TITLE III--MARITIME

                         Subtitle A--Navigation

Sec. 10101. Electronic charts; equivalency.
Sec. 10102. Subrogated claims.
Sec. 10103. Loan provisions under Oil Pollution Act of 1990.
Sec. 10104. Oil pollution research and development program.
Sec. 10105. Limited indemnity provisions in standby oil spill response 
                            contracts.
                          Subtitle B--Shipping

Sec. 10201. Passenger vessel security and safety requirements; 
                            application.
Sec. 10202. Small passenger vessels and uninspected passenger vessels.
Sec. 10203. Non-operating individual.
Sec. 10204. Conforming amendments: training; public safety personnel.
Sec. 10205. Maritime transportation assessment.
Sec. 10206. Engine cut-off switches; use requirement.
Sec. 10207. Authority to waive operator of self-propelled uninspected 
                            passenger vessel requirements.
Sec. 10208. Exemptions and equivalents.
Sec. 10209. Waiver of navigation and vessel inspection laws.
Sec. 10210. Renewal of merchant mariner licenses and documents.
Sec. 10211. Certificate extensions.
Sec. 10212. Vessel safety standards.
Sec. 10213. Medical standards.
                    Subtitle C--Advisory Committees

Sec. 10301. Advisory committees.
Sec. 10302. Maritime Transportation System National Advisory Committee.
Sec. 10303. Expired maritime liens.
Sec. 10304. Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee.
Sec. 10305. National Commercial Fishing Safety Advisory Committee.
Sec. 10306. Exemption of commercial fishing vessels operating in 
                            Alaskan Region from Global Maritime 
                            Distress and Safety System requirements of 
                            Federal Communications Commission.
                           Subtitle D--Ports

Sec. 10401. Port, harbor, and coastal facility security.
Sec. 10402. Aiming laser pointer at vessel.
Sec. 10403. Safety of special activities.
Sec. 10404. Security plans; reviews.
Sec. 10405. Vessel traffic service.
Sec. 10406. Transportation work identification card pilot program.
                        TITLE IV--MISCELLANEOUS

                  Subtitle A--Navigation and Shipping

Sec. 11101. Coastwise trade.
Sec. 11102. Towing vessels operating outside boundary line.
Sec. 11103. Sense of Congress regarding the maritime industry of the 
                            United States.
Sec. 11104. Cargo preference study.
Sec. 11105. Towing vessel inspection fees.
                 Subtitle B--Maritime Domain Awareness

Sec. 11201. Unmanned maritime systems and satellite vessel tracking 
                            technologies.
Sec. 11202. Unmanned aircraft systems testing.
Sec. 11203. Land-based unmanned aircraft system program of Coast Guard.
Sec. 11204. Prohibition on operation or procurement of foreign-made 
                            unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 11205. United States commercial space-based radio frequency 
                            maritime domain awareness testing and 
                            evaluation program.
Sec. 11206. Authorization of use of automatic identification systems 
                            devices to mark fishing equipment.
                           Subtitle C--Arctic

Sec. 11301. Coast Guard Arctic prioritization.
Sec. 11302. Arctic PARS Native engagement.
Sec. 11303. Voting requirement.
Sec. 11304. Report on the Arctic capabilities of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 11305. Report on Arctic search and rescue.
Sec. 11306. Arctic Shipping Federal Advisory Committee.
                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 11401. Plan for wing-in-ground demonstration plan.
Sec. 11402. Northern Michigan oil spill response planning.
Sec. 11403. Documentation of LNG tankers.
Sec. 11404. Replacement vessel.
Sec. 11405. Educational vessel.
Sec. 11406. Waters deemed not navigable waters of the United States for 
                            certain purposes.
Sec. 11407. Anchorages.
Sec. 11408. Comptroller General of the United States study and report 
                            on vertical evacuation for tsunamis at 
                            Coast Guard Stations in Washington and 
                            Oregon.
Sec. 11409. Authority to enter into agreements with National Coast 
                            Guard Museum Association.
Sec. 11410. Formal sexual assault policies for passenger vessels.
Sec. 11411. Regulations for covered small passenger vessels.
       TITLE V--TECHNICAL, CONFORMING, AND CLARIFYING AMENDMENTS

Sec. 12001. Transfers.
Sec. 12002. Additional transfers.
Sec. 12003. License exemptions; repeal of obsolete provisions.
Sec. 12004. Maritime transportation system.
Sec. 12005. References to ``persons'' and ``seamen''.
Sec. 12006. References to ``himself'' and ``his''.
Sec. 12007. Miscellaneous technical corrections.
Sec. 12008. Technical corrections relating to codification of Ports and 
                            Waterways Safety Act.
Sec. 12009. Aids to navigation.
Sec. 12010. Transfers related to employees of Lighthouse Service.
Sec. 12011. Transfers related to surviving spouses of Lighthouse 
                            Service employees.
Sec. 12012. Repeals related to lighthouse statutes.
                 TITLE VI--FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION

Sec. 13001. Short title.
Sec. 13002. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 13003. Unfinished proceedings.
Sec. 13004. Transfer of Federal Maritime Commission provisions.
       DIVISION I--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AUTHORITIES AND ACTIVITIES

Sec. 14001. Short title.
    TITLE I--ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

Sec. 14101. Sense of Congress on importance of Department of State's 
                            work.
Sec. 14102. Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor.
Sec. 14103. Assistant Secretary for International Narcotics and Law 
                            Enforcement Affairs.
Sec. 14104. Bureau of Consular Affairs; Bureau of Population, Refugees, 
                            and Migration.
Sec. 14105. Office of International Disability Rights.
Sec. 14106. Office of Global Women's Issues.
Sec. 14107. Special appointments.
Sec. 14108. Anti-piracy information sharing.
Sec. 14109. Importance of foreign affairs training to national 
                            security.
Sec. 14110. Classification and assignment of Foreign Service officers.
Sec. 14111. Energy diplomacy and security within the Department of 
                            State.
Sec. 14112. The National Museum of American Diplomacy.
Sec. 14113. Extension of period for reimbursement of fishermen for 
                            costs incurred from the illegal seizure and 
                            detention of U.S.-flag fishing vessels by 
                            foreign governments.
Sec. 14114. Art in embassies.
Sec. 14115. Amendment or repeal of reporting requirements.
Sec. 14116. Reporting on implementation of GAO recommendations.
Sec. 14117. Office of Global Criminal Justice.
                     TITLE II--EMBASSY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 14201. Embassy security, construction, and maintenance.
Sec. 14202. Standard design in capital construction.
Sec. 14203. Capital construction transparency.
Sec. 14204. Contractor performance information.
Sec. 14205. Growth projections for new embassies and consulates.
Sec. 14206. Long-range planning process.
Sec. 14207. Value engineering and risk assessment.
Sec. 14208. Business volume.
Sec. 14209. Embassy security requests and deficiencies.
Sec. 14210. Overseas security briefings.
Sec. 14211. Contracting methods in capital construction.
Sec. 14212. Competition in embassy construction.
Sec. 14213. Statement of policy.
Sec. 14214. Definitions.
                      TITLE III--PERSONNEL ISSUES

Sec. 14301. Defense Base Act insurance waivers.
Sec. 14302. Study on Foreign Service allowances.
Sec. 14303. Science and technology fellowships.
Sec. 14304. Travel for separated families.
Sec. 14305. Home leave travel for separated families.
Sec. 14306. Sense of Congress regarding certain fellowship programs.
Sec. 14307. Technical correction.
Sec. 14308. Foreign Service awards.
Sec. 14309. Diplomatic programs.
Sec. 14310. Sense of Congress regarding veterans employment at the 
                            Department of State.
Sec. 14311. Employee assignment restrictions and preclusions.
Sec. 14312. Recall and reemployment of career members.
Sec. 14313. Strategic staffing plan for the department.
Sec. 14314. Consulting services.
Sec. 14315. Incentives for critical posts.
Sec. 14316. Extension of authority for certain accountability review 
                            boards.
Sec. 14317. Foreign Service suspension without pay.
Sec. 14318. Foreign Affairs Manual and Foreign Affairs Handbook 
                            changes.
Sec. 14319. Waiver authority for individual occupational requirements 
                            of certain positions.
Sec. 14320. Appointment of employees to the Global Engagement Center.
Sec. 14321. Rest and recuperation and overseas operations leave for 
                            Federal employees.
  TITLE IV--A DIVERSE WORKFORCE: RECRUITMENT, RETENTION, AND PROMOTION

Sec. 14401. Definitions.
Sec. 14402. Collection, analysis, and dissemination of workforce data.
Sec. 14403. Exit interviews for workforce.
Sec. 14404. Recruitment and retention.
Sec. 14405. Leadership engagement and accountability.
Sec. 14406. Professional development opportunities and tools.
Sec. 14407. Examination and oral assessment for the Foreign Service.
Sec. 14408. Payne fellowship authorization.
Sec. 14409. Voluntary participation.
                     TITLE V--INFORMATION SECURITY

Sec. 14501. Definitions.
Sec. 14502. Information system security.
Sec. 14503. Prohibition on contracting with certain telecommunications 
                            providers.
Sec. 14504. Preserving records of electronic communications conducted 
                            related to official duties of positions in 
                            the public trust of the American people.
Sec. 14505. Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS) series and 
                            declassification.
Sec. 14506. Vulnerability Disclosure Policy and Bug Bounty Pilot 
                            Program.
                       TITLE VI--PUBLIC DIPLOMACY

Sec. 14601. Short title.
Sec. 14602. Avoiding duplication of programs and efforts.
Sec. 14603. Improving research and evaluation of public diplomacy.
Sec. 14604. Permanent reauthorization of the united states advisory 
                            commission on public diplomacy.
Sec. 14605. Streamlining of support functions.
Sec. 14606. Guidance for closure of public diplomacy facilities.
Sec. 14607. Definitions.
                 TITLE VII--COMBATING PUBLIC CORRUPTION

Sec. 14701. Sense of congress.
Sec. 14702. Annual assessment.
Sec. 14703. Transparency and accountability.
Sec. 14704. Designation of embassy anti-corruption points of contact.
Sec. 14705. Reporting requirements.
Sec. 14706. Foreign investments and national security.
                       TITLE VIII--MISCELLANEOUS

Sec. 14801. Case-Zablocki Act Reform.
Sec. 14802. Limitation on assistance to countries in default.
Sec. 14803. Prohibition on assistance to governments supporting 
                            international terrorism.
Sec. 14804. Sean and David Goldman Child Abduction Prevention and 
                            Return Act of 2014 amendment.
Sec. 14805. Modification of authorities of Commission for the 
                            Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad.
Sec. 14806. Chief of mission concurrence.
             DIVISION J--COMBATING RUSSIAN MONEY LAUNDERING

Sec. 15001. Short title.
Sec. 15002. Statement of policy.
Sec. 15003. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 15004. Determination with respect to primary money laundering 
                            concern of Russian illicit finance.
           DIVISION K--KLEPTOCRACY ASSET RECOVERY REWARDS ACT

Sec. 16001. Short title.
Sec. 16002. Findings; sense of Congress.
Sec. 16003. In general.
   DIVISION L--STOPPING TRAFFICKING, ILLICIT FLOWS, LAUNDERING, AND 
                              EXPLOITATION

Sec. 17001. Short title.
Sec. 17002. Findings.
Sec. 17003. GAO Study.
      DIVISION M--IMPROVING CORPORATE GOVERNANCE THROUGH DIVERSITY

Sec. 18001. Short title.
Sec. 18002. Submission of data relating to diversity by issuers.
Sec. 18003. Diversity advisory group.
  DIVISION N--BANKING TRANSPARENCY FOR SANCTIONED PERSONS ACT OF 2019

Sec. 19001. Short title.
Sec. 19002. Report on financial services benefitting state sponsors of 
                            terrorism, human rights abusers, and 
                            corrupt officials.
Sec. 19003. Waiver.
Sec. 19004. Definitions.
Sec. 19005. Sunset.
                        DIVISION O--PUBLIC LANDS

Sec. 20001. Short title.
                      TITLE I--COLORADO WILDERNESS

Sec. 20101. Short title; definition.
Sec. 20102. Additions to National Wilderness Preservation System in the 
                            State of Colorado.
Sec. 20103. Administrative provisions.
Sec. 20104. Water.
Sec. 20105. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 20106. Department of defense study on impacts that the expansion 
                            of wilderness designations in the western 
                            united states would have on the readiness 
                            of the armed forces of the united states 
                            with respect to aviation training.
  TITLE II--NORTHWEST CALIFORNIA WILDERNESS, RECREATION, AND WORKING 
                                FORESTS

Sec. 20201. Short title.
Sec. 20202. Definitions.
            Subtitle A--Restoration and Economic Development

Sec. 20211. South Fork Trinity-Mad River Restoration Area.
Sec. 20212. Redwood National and State Parks restoration.
Sec. 20213. California Public Lands Remediation Partnership.
Sec. 20214. Trinity Lake visitor center.
Sec. 20215. Del Norte County visitor center.
Sec. 20216. Management plans.
Sec. 20217. Study; partnerships related to overnight accommodations.
                         Subtitle B--Recreation

Sec. 20221. Horse Mountain Special Management Area.
Sec. 20222. Bigfoot National Recreation Trail.
Sec. 20223. Elk Camp Ridge Recreation Trail.
Sec. 20224. Trinity Lake Trail.
Sec. 20225. Trails study.
Sec. 20226. Construction of mountain bicycling routes.
Sec. 20227. Partnerships.
                        Subtitle C--Conservation

Sec. 20231. Designation of wilderness.
Sec. 20232. Administration of wilderness.
Sec. 20233. Designation of potential wilderness.
Sec. 20234. Designation of wild and scenic rivers.
Sec. 20235. Sanhedrin Special Conservation Management Area.
                       Subtitle D--Miscellaneous

Sec. 20241. Maps and legal descriptions.
Sec. 20242. Updates to land and resource management plans.
Sec. 20243. Pacific Gas and Electric Company Utility facilities and 
                            rights-of-way.
              TITLE III--CENTRAL COAST HERITAGE PROTECTION

Sec. 20301. Short title.
Sec. 20302. Definitions.
Sec. 20303. Designation of wilderness.
Sec. 20304. Designation of the Machesna Mountain Potential Wilderness.
Sec. 20305. Administration of wilderness.
Sec. 20306. Designation of Wild and Scenic Rivers.
Sec. 20307. Designation of the Fox Mountain Potential Wilderness.
Sec. 20308. Designation of scenic areas.
Sec. 20309. Condor National Scenic Trail.
Sec. 20310. Forest service study.
Sec. 20311. Nonmotorized recreation opportunities.
Sec. 20312. Use by members of Tribes.
    TITLE IV--SAN GABRIEL MOUNTAINS FOOTHILLS AND RIVERS PROTECTION

Sec. 20401. Short title.
Sec. 20402. Definition of State.
            Subtitle A--San Gabriel National Recreation Area

Sec. 20411. Purposes.
Sec. 20412. Definitions.
Sec. 20413. San Gabriel National Recreation Area.
Sec. 20414. Management.
Sec. 20415. Acquisition of non-Federal land within Recreation Area.
Sec. 20416. Water rights; water resource facilities; public roads; 
                            utility facilities.
Sec. 20417. San Gabriel National Recreation Area Public Advisory 
                            Council.
Sec. 20418. San Gabriel National Recreation Area Partnership.
Sec. 20419. Visitor services and facilities.
                   Subtitle B--San Gabriel Mountains

Sec. 20421. Definitions.
Sec. 20422. National monument boundary modification.
Sec. 20423. Designation of Wilderness Areas and Additions.
Sec. 20424. Administration of Wilderness Areas and Additions.
Sec. 20425. Designation of Wild and Scenic Rivers.
Sec. 20426. Water rights.
            TITLE V--RIM OF THE VALLEY CORRIDOR PRESERVATION

Sec. 20501. Short title.
Sec. 20502. Boundary adjustment; land acquisition; administration.
     TITLE VI--WILD OLYMPICS WILDERNESS AND WILD AND SCENIC RIVERS

Sec. 20601. Short title.
Sec. 20602. Designation of olympic national forest wilderness areas.
Sec. 20603. Wild and scenic river designations.
Sec. 20604. Existing rights and withdrawal.
Sec. 20605. Treaty rights.
               TITLE VII--STUDY ON FLOOD RISK MITIGATION

Sec. 20701. Study on Flood Risk Mitigation.
                       TITLE VIII--MISCELLANEOUS

Sec. 20801. Promoting health and wellness for veterans and 
                            servicemembers.
Sec. 20802. Fire, insects, and diseases.
Sec. 20803. Military activities.
        DIVISION P--COLORADO OUTDOOR RECREATION AND ECONOMY ACT

Sec. 21001. Short title.
Sec. 21002. Definition of State.
                      TITLE I--CONTINENTAL DIVIDE

Sec. 21101. Definitions.
Sec. 21102. Colorado Wilderness additions.
Sec. 21103. Williams Fork Mountains Wilderness.
Sec. 21104. Tenmile Recreation Management Area.
Sec. 21105. Porcupine Gulch Wildlife Conservation Area.
Sec. 21106. Williams Fork Mountains Wildlife Conservation Area.
Sec. 21107. Camp Hale National Historic Landscape.
Sec. 21108. White River National Forest Boundary modification.
Sec. 21109. Rocky Mountain National Park Potential Wilderness Boundary 
                            adjustment.
Sec. 21110. Administrative provisions.
                      TITLE II--SAN JUAN MOUNTAINS

Sec. 21201. Definitions.
Sec. 21202. Additions to National Wilderness Preservation System.
Sec. 21203. Special management areas.
Sec. 21204. Release of wilderness study areas.
Sec. 21205. Administrative provisions.
                       TITLE III--THOMPSON DIVIDE

Sec. 21301. Purposes.
Sec. 21302. Definitions.
Sec. 21303. Thompson Divide Withdrawal and Protection Area.
Sec. 21304. Thompson Divide lease exchange.
Sec. 21305. Greater Thompson Divide Fugitive Coal Mine Methane Use 
                            Pilot Program.
Sec. 21306. Effect.
              TITLE IV--CURECANTI NATIONAL RECREATION AREA

Sec. 21401. Definitions.
Sec. 21402. Curecanti National Recreation Area.
Sec. 21403. Acquisition of land; boundary management.
Sec. 21404. General management plan.
Sec. 21405. Boundary survey.

SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.

    In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, United 
States Code.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 
for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, the Air 
Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in the funding table 
in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Navy Programs

SEC. 111. INDEPENDENT COST ESTIMATE OF FFG(X) FRIGATE PROGRAM.

     In accordance with section 2334(b) of title 10, United States 
Code, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that an independent cost 
estimate of the full life-cycle cost of the FFG(X) frigate program of 
the Navy has been completed before the conclusion of milestone B of 
such program.

SEC. 112. LIQUIFIED NATURAL GAS PILOT PROGRAM.

    The Secretary of the Navy shall carry out a pilot program under 
which the Secretary shall experiment and innovate within the fleet 
using liquified natural gas technology to retrofit, modify, or build 
vessels capable of dual fueling (diesel and liquified natural gas) or 
powered by liquified natural gas alone.

                     Subtitle C--Air Force Programs

SEC. 121. MODIFICATION OF FORCE STRUCTURE OBJECTIVES FOR B-1 BOMBER 
              AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Modification of Minimum Inventory Requirement.--Section 
9062(h)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``36'' and inserting ``24''.
    (b) Temporary Authority To Retire Aircraft.--
            (1) In general.--Notwithstanding section 9062(h)(1) of 
        title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Air Force 
        may retire up to seventeen B-1 aircraft.
            (2) Termination of authority.--The authority of the 
        Secretary of the Air Force to retire aircraft under paragraph 
        (1) shall terminate on January 1, 2023.
    (c) Preservation of Certain Aircraft and Maintenance Personnel.--
Until the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force determines that 
the B-21 aircraft has attained initial operating capability, the 
Secretary--
            (1) shall preserve each B-1 aircraft that is retired under 
        subsection (b), in a manner that ensures the components and 
        parts of such aircraft are maintained in reclaimable condition 
        that is consistent with type 2000 recallable storage, or 
        better; and
            (2) may not reduce the number of billets assigned to 
        maintenance of B-1 aircraft in effect on January 1, 2020.

SEC. 122. EXTENSION OF LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR 
              RETIREMENT OF RC-135 AIRCRAFT.

    Section 148(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1243) is amended by striking 
``for fiscal year 2020'' and inserting ``for any of fiscal years 2020 
through 2025''.

SEC. 123. MODIFICATION OF LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR 
              RETIREMENT OF E-8 JSTARS AIRCRAFT.

    Section 147(a) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1669) is 
amended by striking ``certifies to the congressional defense committees 
that Increment 2 of the Advanced Battle-Management System of the Air 
Force has declared initial operational capability as defined in the 
Capability Development Document for the System'' and inserting 
``certifies to the congressional defense committees that--
            ``(1) the Secretary has identified a replacement capability 
        and capacity for the current fleet of 16 E-8 Joint Surveillance 
        Target Attack Radar System aircraft to meet global combatant 
        command requirements; and
            ``(2) such replacement delivers capabilities that are 
        comparable or superior to the capabilities delivered by such 
        aircraft.''.

SEC. 124. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR THE ADVANCED BATTLE 
              MANAGEMENT SYSTEM PENDING CERTIFICATION RELATING TO RQ-4 
              AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2021 for the Department 
of the Air Force for the Advanced Battle Management System, not more 
than 50 percent may be obligated or expended until--
            (1) the Secretary of the Air Force certifies, in writing, 
        to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
        of Representatives that the Secretary will not retire, or 
        prepare to retire, any RQ-4 aircraft during fiscal year 2021;
            (2)(A) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment certifies, in writing, to such Committees that, 
        with respect to the RQ-4 aircraft, the validated operating and 
        sustainment costs of any capability developed to replace the 
        RQ-4 aircraft are less than the validated operating and 
        sustainment costs for the RQ-4 aircraft on a comparable flight-
        hour cost basis; and
            (B) the Chairman of the Joint Requirements Oversight 
        Council certifies, in writing, to such Committees that any such 
        capability to be fielded at the same time or before the 
        retirement of the RQ-4 aircraft would result in equal or 
        greater capability available to the commanders of the combatant 
        commands and would not result in less capacity available to the 
        commanders of the combatant commands; or
            (3) the Secretary of Defense--
                    (A) certifies, in writing, to such Committees that 
                the Secretary has determined, after analyzing 
                sufficient and relevant data, that a capability 
                superior to the RQ-4 aircraft is worth increased 
                operating and sustainment costs; and
                    (B) provides to such Committees analysis supporting 
                such determination.
    (b) Consultation Requirement.--Before issuing a certification under 
subsection (a), the official responsible for issuing such certification 
shall consult with the combatant commanders on the matters covered by 
the certification.
    (c) Advanced Battle Management System Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``Advanced Battle Management System'' has the meaning given 
that term in section 236(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1281).

SEC. 125. INVENTORY REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN AIR REFUELING TANKER 
              AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Minimum Inventory Requirements for KC-10A Aircraft.--
            (1) Fiscal year 2021.--During the period beginning on the 
        date of the enactment of this Act and ending on October 1, 
        2021, the Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain a minimum 
        of 50 KC-10A aircraft designated as primary mission aircraft 
        inventory.
            (2) Fiscal year 2022.--During the period beginning on 
        October 1, 2021, and ending on October 1, 2022, the Secretary 
        of the Air Force shall maintain a minimum of 38 KC-10A aircraft 
        designated as primary mission aircraft inventory.
            (3) Fiscal year 2023.--During the period beginning on 
        October 1, 2022, and ending on October 1, 2023, the Secretary 
        of the Air Force shall maintain a minimum of 26 KC-10A aircraft 
        designated as primary mission aircraft inventory.
    (b) Prohibition on Retirement of KC-135 Aircraft.--
            (1) Prohibition.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        during the period beginning on the date of the enactment of 
        this Act and ending on October 1, 2023, the Secretary of the 
        Air Force may not retire, or prepare to retire, any KC-135 
        aircraft.
            (2) Exception.--The prohibition in paragraph (1) shall not 
        apply to individual KC-135 aircraft that the Secretary of the 
        Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no longer 
        mission capable because of mishaps, other damage, or being 
        uneconomical to repair.
    (c) KC-135 Aircraft Fleet Management.--None of the funds authorized 
to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal 
year 2021 for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to reduce the 
number of KC-135 aircraft designated as primary mission aircraft 
inventory.
    (d) Primary Mission Aircraft Inventory Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``primary mission aircraft inventory'' has the meaning given 
that term in section 9062(i)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 126. LIMITATION ON PRODUCTION OF KC-46A AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2021 for the Air 
Force may be used to approve the full-rate production of KC-46A 
aircraft or enter into a contract for the production of more than 
twelve KC-46A aircraft until the date on which the Secretary of the Air 
Force certifies to the congressional defense committees that all 
category-one deficiencies in the systems of the aircraft have been 
corrected, including the deficiencies affecting the aircraft's remote 
visioning system, telescoping actuator in the boom system, and primary 
fuel containment system.
    (b) Report.--Not later than February 1, 2021, the Secretary of the 
Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on the KC-46A aircraft. The report shall include--
            (1) a schedule for the correction of each category-one 
        deficiency described in subsection (a);
            (2) a plan to engage an independent test organization to 
        verify the effectiveness of any proposed solutions to such 
        category-one deficiencies; and
            (3) an acquisition strategy for the aircraft that--
                    (A) identifies principal acquisition milestones; 
                and
                    (B) will ensure that there is sufficient 
                competition for the procurement of a nondevelopmental 
                tanker aircraft at the conclusion of the KC-46A 
                production contract in effect as of the date of the 
                enactment of this Act.
    (c) Category-One Deficiency Defined.--The term ``category-one 
deficiency'' means a deficiency that may cause--
            (1) death or severe injury to personnel; or
            (2) major loss or damage to critical aircraft capabilities.

SEC. 127. ASSESSMENT AND CERTIFICATION RELATING TO OC-135 AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2021 for the Air Force may be obligated or 
expended to retire, divest, realign, or place in storage or on backup 
aircraft inventory status, or prepare to retire, divest, realign, or 
place in storage or backup inventory status, any OC-135 aircraft until 
a period of 90 days has elapsed following the date on which the 
Secretary of the Air Force submits to the congressional defense 
committees--
            (1) the report required under subsection (c); and
            (2) the certification required under subsection (d).
    (b) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not apply 
to--
            (1) individual OC-135 aircraft that the Secretary of the 
        Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no longer 
        mission capable because of mishaps or other damage; or
            (2) funds obligated or expended--
                    (A) for the preparation of the report required 
                under subsection (c); or
                    (B) for the Air Force to assess options to 
                repurpose the OC-135 aircraft to support other mission 
                requirements.
    (c) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report that includes the 
following:
            (1) Identification of any unclassified aerial imagery 
        requirements that the Air Force or Air National Guard can meet 
        using the OC-135 aircraft, a version of the aircraft that is 
        expected to replace the OC-135, or similar aerial imagery 
        collection and processing capabilities.
            (2) An assessment of the extent to which it is more 
        appropriate for the Air Force or the Air National Guard to 
        fulfill such requirements.
            (3) A comparison of the costs and effectiveness of 
        alternative means of meeting unclassified aerial imagery 
        requirements.
            (4) An assessment of the utility and cost differential of 
        performing international treaty monitoring missions such as 
        Olive Harvest with the OC-135 aircraft, a version of the 
        aircraft that is expected to replace the OC-135, or similar 
        aerial imagery collection and processing capabilities.
    (d) Certification Required.--Together with the report required 
under subsection (c), the Secretary of the Air Force shall certify to 
the congressional defense committees--
            (1) whether there are unclassified aerial imagery 
        requirements that the Air Force can meet with the OC-135 
        aircraft or a version of the aircraft that is expected to 
        replace the OC-135; and
            (2) whether the Secretary has identified methods of meeting 
        such requirements that are more effective and more efficient 
        than meeting such requirements through the use of the OC-135 
        aircraft or a version of the aircraft that is expected to 
        replace the OC-135.
    (e) Unclassified Aerial Imagery Requirements Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``unclassified aerial imagery requirements'' means 
requirements for the Air Force to provide responsive unclassified 
aerial imagery support to military forces, domestic civil authorities, 
other departments and agencies of the Federal Government, and foreign 
partners of the United States, including any requirements to provide 
unclassified aerial imagery in support of overseas contingency 
operations, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief missions, 
defense support to domestic civil authorities, and international treaty 
monitoring missions.

SEC. 128. MODERNIZATION PLAN FOR AIRBORNE INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE, 
              AND RECONNAISSANCE.

    (a) Modernization Plan.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall 
        develop a comprehensive plan for the modernization of airborne 
        intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance, which shall--
                    (A) ensure the alignment between requirements, both 
                current and future, and Air Force budget submissions to 
                meet such requirements; and
                    (B) inform the preparation of future defense 
                program and budget requests by the Secretary, and the 
                consideration of such requests by Congress.
            (2) Elements.--The plan required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) An assessment of all airborne intelligence, 
                surveillance, and reconnaissance missions, both current 
                missions and those missions necessary to support the 
                national defense strategy.
                    (B) An analysis of platforms, capabilities, and 
                capacities necessary to fulfill such current and future 
                missions.
                    (C) The anticipated life-cycle budget associated 
                with each platform, capability, and capacity 
                requirement for both current and future requirements.
                    (D) An analysis showing operational, budget, and 
                schedule trade-offs between sustainment of currently 
                fielded capabilities, modernization of currently 
                fielded capabilities, and development and production of 
                new capabilities.
    (b) Report to Congress.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than March 30, 2021, the 
        Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report that includes--
                    (A) the comprehensive modernization plan required 
                by subsection (a); and
                    (B) a strategy for carrying out such plan through 
                fiscal year 2030.
            (2) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall be 
        submitted in unclassified form but may include a classified 
        annex.

SEC. 129. MINIMUM BOMBER AIRCRAFT FORCE LEVEL.

    (a) In General.--Not later than February 1, 2021, the Secretary of 
the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report with recommendations for the bomber aircraft force structure 
that enables the Air Force to meet the requirements of its long-range 
strike mission under the National Defense Strategy.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include each of the following elements:
            (1) The bomber force structure necessary to meet the 
        requirements of the Air Force's long-range strike mission under 
        the National Defense Strategy, including--
                    (A) the total minimum number of bomber aircraft; 
                and
                    (B) the minimum number of primary mission aircraft.
            (2) The penetrating bomber force structure necessary to 
        meet the requirements of the Air Force's long-range strike 
        mission in contested or denied environments under the National 
        Defense Strategy, to include--
                    (A) the total minimum number of penetrating bomber 
                aircraft; and
                    (B) the minimum number of primary mission 
                penetrating bomber aircraft.
            (3) A roadmap outlining how the Air Force plans to reach 
        the force structure identified under paragraphs (1) and (2), 
        including an established goal date for achieving the minimum 
        number of bomber aircraft.
    (c) Form.--The report submitted under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (d) Publication.--The Secretary shall make available to the public 
the unclassified form of the report submitted under subsection (a).
    (e) Bomber Aircraft.--In this section, the term ``bomber aircraft'' 
includes penetrating bombers in addition to B-52H aircraft.

SEC. 130. PROVISIONS RELATING TO RC-26B MANNED INTELLIGENCE, 
              SURVEILLANCE, AND RECONNAISSANCE AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2021 for the Air Force may be obligated or 
expended to retire, divest, realign, or placed in storage or on backup 
aircraft inventory status, or prepare to retire, divest, realign, or 
place in storage or on backup aircraft inventory status, any RC-26B 
aircraft.
    (b) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not apply to 
individual RC-26B aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force 
determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no longer mission capable 
because of mishaps other damage.
    (c) Funding for RC-26B Manned Intelligence, Surveillance, and 
Reconnaissance Platform.--
            (1) Of the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 
        301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in the 
        corresponding funding table in 4301, for operation and 
        maintenance, Air National Guard, the Secretary of the Air Force 
        may transfer up to $18,500,000 to be used in support of the RC-
        26B manned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
        platform.
            (2) Of the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 
        421 for military personnel, as specified in the corresponding 
        funding table in section 4401, the Secretary of the Air Force 
        may transfer up to $13,000,000 from military personnel, Air 
        National Guard to be used in support of personnel who operate 
        and maintain the RC-26B manned intelligence, surveillance, and 
        reconnaissance platform.
    (d) Memoranda of Agreement.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, the Secretary of Defense may enter into one or more memoranda of 
agreement or cost sharing agreements with other departments and 
agencies of the Federal Government under which the RC-26B aircraft may 
be used to assist with the missions and activities of such departments 
and agencies.

SEC. 130A. BRIEFING ON PAYLOAD HOSTING ON MODULAR SUPERSONIC AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Briefing Required.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall provide 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a briefing on the potential use of a modular civil 
supersonic aircraft to host multiple mission payloads.
    (b) Elements.--The briefing under subsection (a) shall include an 
assessment of the potential of a repurposed civil supersonic aircraft 
with a military-engineered front section as a long-range, high-speed 
platform for the following uses:
            (1) As a multi-payload disaggregated node in the Joint All-
        Domain Command & Control architecture.
            (2) As a host for a multi-mission directed energy system.
            (3) As an embedded or separated electronic warfare escort.
            (4) As a quick-response vehicle for missions necessitating 
        large and diverse payloads that preclude fighter aircraft due 
        to size, range or altitude.
    (c) Limitation.--The briefing under subsection (a) shall not 
affect, modify, or address any matter set forth in section 122 of the 
Report of the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives that accompanies this Act.

       Subtitle D--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

SEC. 131. DOCUMENTATION RELATING TO THE F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    (a) Limitation.--The Secretary of Defense may not grant Milestone C 
approval for the F-35 aircraft program pursuant to section 2366c of 
title 10, United States Code, or enter into a contract for the full-
rate production of F-35 aircraft, until a period of 30 days has elapsed 
following the date on which the Secretary has submitted to the 
congressional defense committees all of the documentation required 
under subsection (b).
    (b) Documentation Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees the following documentation 
with respect to the F-35 aircraft program:
            (1) A certification from the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment that all alternative supply 
        contractors for parts, required for the airframe and propulsion 
        prime contractors of the F-35 program as a result of the 
        removal of the Republic of Turkey from the program--
                    (A) have been identified and all related 
                undefinitized contract actions have been definitized 
                (as described in section 7401 of part 217 of the 
                Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement);
                    (B) the parts produced by each such contractor have 
                been qualified and certified as meeting applicable 
                technical design and use specifications; and
                    (C) each such contractor has reached the required 
                rate of production to meet supply requirements for 
                parts under the F-35 aircraft program.
            (2) A cost analysis, prepared by the joint program office 
        for the F-35 aircraft program, that assesses and defines--
                    (A) how the full integration of Block 4 and 
                Technical Refresh 3 capabilities for each lot of Block 
                4 production aircraft beginning after lot 14 will 
                affect the average procurement unit cost of United 
                States variants of the F-35A, F-35B, and F-35C 
                aircraft; and
                    (B) how the establishment of alternate sources of 
                production and sustainment supply and repair parts due 
                to the removal of the Republic of Turkey from the F-35 
                program will affect such unit cost.
            (3) All reports required under section 167 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-
        92; 133 Stat. 1250).
            (4) An independent cost estimate, prepared by Director of 
        Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation, that defines, for each 
        phase of the F-35 aircraft program, the cost to develop, 
        procure, integrate, and retrofit F-35 aircraft with all Block 4 
        capability requirements that are specified in the most recent 
        Block 4 capabilities development document.
            (5) A plan to correct or mitigate any deficiency in the 
        aircraft, identified as of the date of enactment of this Act--
                    (A) that may cause death, severe injury or 
                occupational illness, or major loss or damage to 
                equipment or a system, and for which there is no 
                identified workaround (commonly known as a ``category 
                1A deficiency''); or
                    (B) that critically restricts combat readiness 
                capabilities or results in the inability to attain 
                adequate performance to accomplish mission requirements 
                (commonly known as a ``category 1B deficiency'').
            (6) A software and hardware capability, upgrade, and 
        aircraft modification plan that defines the cost and schedule 
        for retrofitting F-35 aircraft that currently have Technical 
        Refresh 2 capabilities installed to ensure compatibility with 
        Block 4 and Technical Refresh 3 aircraft capabilities.
            (7) The following reports for the F-35 aircraft program, as 
        prepared by the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation:
                    (A) A report on the results of the realistic 
                survivability testing of the aircraft, as described in 
                section 2366(d) of title 10, United States Code.
                    (B) A report on the results of the initial 
                operational test and evaluation conducted for program, 
                as described in section 2399(b)(2) of such title.
            (8) A mitigation strategy and implementation plan to 
        address each critical deficiency in the F-35 autonomic 
        logistics information system that has been identified as of the 
        date of enactment of this Act.
            (9) A certification that the F-35A meets the required 
        mission reliability performance using an average sortie 
        duration of 2 and one-half hours.
            (10) A certification that the Secretary has developed and 
        validated a fully integrated and realistic schedule for the 
        development, production and integration of Block 4 Technical 
        Refresh 3 capabilities, that includes a strategy for resolving 
        all software technical debt that has accumulated within the F-
        35 operational flight program source code during development, 
        production, and integration of Technical Refresh 1 and 
        Technical Refresh 2 capabilities.
            (11)(A) A complete list of hardware modifications that will 
        be required to integrate Block 4 capabilities into lot 16 and 
        lot 17 production aircraft.
            (B) An estimate of the costs of any engineering changes 
        required as a result of such modifications.
            (C) A comparison of those engineering changes and costs 
        with the engineering changes and costs for lot 15 production 
        aircraft.

SEC. 132. NOTIFICATION ON SOFTWARE REGRESSION TESTING FOR F-35 
              AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Notification Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment, in consultation with the Director of 
Operational Test and Evaluation, shall notify the congressional defense 
committees, in writing, not later than 30 days after the date on which 
mission systems production software for the F-35 aircraft is released 
to units operating such aircraft under the F-35 continuous capability 
development and delivery program.
    (b) Elements.--The notification required under subsection (a) shall 
include, with respect to the mission systems production software for 
the F-35 aircraft, the following:
            (1) An explanation of the types and methods of regression 
        testing that were completed for the production release of the 
        software to ensure compatibility and proper functionality 
        with--
                    (A) the fire control radar system of each variant 
                of the F-35 aircraft; and
                    (B) all weapons certified for carriage and 
                employment on each variant of the F-35 aircraft.
            (2) Identification of any entities that conducted 
        regression testing of the software, including any development 
        facilities of the Federal Government or contractors that 
        conducted such testing.
            (3) A list of deficiencies identified during regression 
        testing of the software or by operational units after fielding 
        of the software, and an explanation of--
                    (A) any software modifications, including quick-
                reaction capability, that were completed to resolve or 
                mitigate the deficiencies;
                    (B) with respect to any deficiencies that were not 
                resolved or mitigated, whether the deficiencies will be 
                corrected in later releases of the software; and
                    (C) any effects resulting from such deficiencies, 
                including--
                            (i) any effects on the cost and schedule 
                        for delivery of the software; and
                            (ii) in cases in which the deficiencies 
                        resulted in additional, unplanned, software 
                        releases, any effects on the ongoing testing of 
                        software capability releases.

SEC. 133. NOTIFICATION ON EFFORTS TO REPLACE INOPERABLE EJECTION SEAT 
              AIRCRAFT LOCATOR BEACONS.

    (a) Notification.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act and on a semi-annual basis thereafter until the 
date specified in subsection (b), the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a written notification that describes, with respect to the 
period covered by the notification--
            (1) the efforts of the service acquisition executives of 
        the Department of the Air Force and the Department of the Navy 
        to replace ejection seat aircraft locator beacons that are--
                    (A) installed on covered aircraft; and
                    (B) inoperable in water or in wet conditions; and
            (2) the funding allocated for such efforts.
    (b) Date Specified.--The date specified in this subsection is the 
earlier of--
            (1) the date on which the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment determines that all ejection seat 
        aircraft locator beacons installed on covered aircraft are 
        operable in water and wet conditions; or
            (2) the date that is 5 years after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered aircraft'' means aircraft of the Air 
        Force, the Navy, and the Marine Corps that are equipped with 
        ejection seats.
            (2) The term ``service acquisition executive of the 
        Department of the Air Force'' does not include the Service 
        Acquisition Executive of the Department of the Air Force for 
        Space Systems and Programs described in section 957 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public 
        Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 9016 note).

SEC. 134. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR THE ARMED OVERWATCH PROGRAM.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2021 for procurement for the 
Armed Overwatch Program of the United States Special Operations Command 
may be obligated or expended until the date on which--
            (1) the Secretary of Defense certifies to the congressional 
        defense committees that--
                    (A) the Secretary has completed a requirements 
                review of the Armed Overwatch Program; and
                    (B) the Secretary has conducted a review of the 
                roles and responsibilities of the United States Air 
                Force and the United States Special Operations Command 
                with respect to close air support and armed 
                intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance and, as 
                a result of such review, the Secretary has identified 
                the Armed Overwatch Program as a special operations 
                forces-peculiar requirement; and
            (2) the Commander of United States Special Operations 
        Command submits to the congressional defense committees--
                    (A) certification that the Commander or Deputy 
                Commander has approved the documentation of the Special 
                Operations Command Requirements Evaluation Board; and
                    (B) a requirements plan for the Armed Overwatch 
                program that includes--
                            (i) an analysis of alternatives;
                            (ii) a procurement plan over the period 
                        covered by the most recent future-years defense 
                        program submitted under section 221 of title 
                        10, United States Code;
                            (iii) a sustainment plan with projected 
                        costs;
                            (iv) a phase out plan of existing armed 
                        intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
                        platforms;
                            (v) a manpower and training analysis, and;
                            (vi) doctrinal considerations for 
                        employment; and
                    (C) a roadmap analyzing whether the near-term to 
                mid-term multi-mission responsibilities of the Armed 
                Overwatch Program are consistent with the intelligence, 
                surveillance, and reconnaissance requirements of the 
                various special operations forces units and missions, 
                and the geographic combatant commands.

SEC. 135. INVESTMENT AND SUSTAINMENT PLAN FOR PROCUREMENT OF CANNON 
              TUBES.

    (a) Strategy Required.--The Secretary of the Army shall develop a 
comprehensive, long-term strategy, which shall include a risk 
assessment, gap analysis, proposed courses of action, investment 
options, and a sustainment plan, for the development, production, 
procurement and modernization of cannon and large caliber weapons tubes 
that mitigates identified risks and gaps to the Army and the defense 
industrial base.
    (b) Elements.--The strategy under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) An assessment of the sufficiency of the cannon tube 
        industrial base to meet near and long-term development and 
        production requirements, including an analysis of any 
        capability or capacity gaps that may exist currently or into 
        the future given current and planned program demands.
            (2) An analysis of the resources required and planned for 
        the cannon tube industrial base across the future years defense 
        program.
            (3) A detailed analysis and explanation of the courses of 
        action necessary to mitigate any existing or projected future 
        capability gaps and deficiencies, including the establishment 
        of a permanent or temporary second source for cannon and large 
        caliber weapons tubes if advisable, feasible, suitable, and 
        affordable.
            (4) Funding and timelines associated with the 
        identification, qualification and sustainment of a permanent or 
        temporary second source for cannon and large caliber weapons 
        tubes through full and open competition that would be required 
        to mitigate significant development, production, procurement, 
        and modernization risk in the cannon tube industrial base.
            (5) Such other information as the Secretary of the Army 
        determines to be appropriate.
    (c) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a copy of the strategy developed 
under subsection (a).

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 
4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

SEC. 211. MODIFICATION OF SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND RESEARCH FOR 
              TRANSFORMATION (SMART) DEFENSE EDUCATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Pilot Subprogram.--Section 2192a of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (b) through (h) as 
        subsections (c) through (i);
            (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(b) Requirement for Pilot Subprogram.--
            ``(1) In general.--As a subprogram of the program under 
        subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
        pilot program to be known as the `National Security Pipeline 
        Pilot Program' (referred to in this section as the `Pilot 
        Program') under which the Secretary shall seek to enter into 
        partnerships with minority institutions to diversify the 
        participants in the program under subsection (a).
            ``(2) Elements.--Under the Pilot Program, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall--
                    ``(A) provide an appropriate amount of financial 
                assistance under subsection (c) to an individual who is 
                pursuing an associate's degree, undergraduate degree, 
                or advanced degree at a minority institution;
                    ``(B) provide such financial assistance to 
                recipients in conjunction with summer internship 
                opportunities or other meaningful temporary 
                appointments within the Department; and
                    ``(C) periodically evaluate the success of 
                recruiting individuals for scholarships under this 
                subsection and on hiring and retaining those 
                individuals in the public sector workforce.
            ``(3) Reports.--
                    ``(A) Initial report.--Not later than December 31, 
                2022, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
                congressional defense committees a report on the 
                establishment of the Pilot Program. At a minimum, the 
                report shall identify the number of students 
                participating in the pilot program as of the date of 
                the report, the fields of study pursued by such 
                students, and the minority institutions at which such 
                students are enrolled.
                    ``(B) Final report.--Not later than September 30, 
                2024, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
                congressional defense committees a report that 
                evaluates the success of the pilot program in 
                recruiting individuals for scholarships under this 
                section and hiring and retaining those individuals in 
                the public sector workforce.
            ``(4) Termination.--The Pilot Program shall terminate on 
        December 31, 2026.'';
            (3) in subsection (c)(1), as so redesignated--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``subsection 
                (g)'' and inserting ``subsection (h)''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``subsection 
                (c)'' and inserting ``subsection (d)'';
            (4) in subsection (d), as so redesignated--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph 
                (4); and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
                new paragraph:
            ``(3) Pursuant to regulations prescribed by the Secretary 
        of Defense for such purpose, a scholarship recipient who is not 
        serving in the Armed Forces at the time the scholarship is 
        received may fulfill the condition described in paragraph (1) 
        by serving on active duty in the Armed Forces.''; and
            (5) by amending subsection (i), as so redesignated, to read 
        as follows:
    ``(i) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `institution of higher education' has the 
        meaning given such term in section 101 of the Higher Education 
        Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).
            ``(2) The term `minority institution' means an institution 
        of higher education at which not less than 50 percent of the 
        total student enrollment consists of students from ethnic 
        groups that are underrepresented in the fields of science and 
        engineering.''.
    (b) Additional Modifications.--Section 2192a of title 10, United 
States Code, as amended by subsection (a), is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(5) In employing participants during the period of 
        obligated service, the Secretary shall ensure that participants 
        are compensated at a rate that is comparable to the rate of 
        compensation for employment in a similar position in the 
        private sector.''.
            (2) by redesignating subsections (e) through (i) as 
        subsections (f) through (j), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(e) Internship Requirement.--In addition to the period of 
obligated service required under subsection (d), before completing a 
degree program for which a scholarship was awarded under this section, 
each participant shall participate in a paid internship for a period of 
not less than eight weeks with a defense industry sponsor. The 
Secretary shall work with each defense industry sponsor to ensure there 
are sufficient paid internships available for all participants, and 
that each such defense industry sponsor--
            ``(1)(A) may be a potential employer for purpose of the 
        participant's period of obligated service as described 
        subsection (d)(1)(B)(ii); or
            ``(B) may offer full time employment for a participant's 
        last year of obligated service after the participant completes 
        remaining years owed; and
            ``(2) has agreed to be a defense industry sponsor making a 
        minimum contribution for each participant who receives an 
        internship, which shall be a minimum amount determined by the 
        Secretary, but not less than an amount equal to 50 percent of 
        the cost of an average scholarship under this section.'';
            (4) in subsection (h), as so redesignated--
                    (A) by striking ``The Secretary of Defense shall'' 
                and inserting:
            ``(1) The Secretary of Defense shall''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(2)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall establish or 
        designate an organization within the Department of Defense 
        which shall have primary responsibility for building cohesion 
        and collaboration across the various scholarship and employment 
        programs of the Department.
            ``(B) The organization described in subparagraph (A) shall 
        have the following duties--
                    ``(i) establish an interconnected network and 
                database across the scholarship and employment programs 
                of the Department, including, at a minimum the SMART 
                Defense Education Program, the Defense Civilian 
                Training Corps, the National Defense Science and 
                Engineering Graduate Fellowship, the Army AEOP 
                apprenticeship program, and the Consortium Research 
                Fellows Program;
                    ``(ii) aid in matching scholarships to individuals 
                pursuing courses of study in in-demand skill areas; and
                    ``(iii) build a network of program participants, 
                past, present, and future whom DOD departments can draw 
                on to fill skills gaps.
            ``(C) On an annual basis, the organization described in 
        subparagraph (A) shall publish, on a publicly accessible 
        website of the Department of Defense, an annual report on the 
        workforce requirements and expected future needs of the 
        civilian workforce of the Department of Defense.'';
            (5) by redesignating subsection (j), as so redesignated, as 
        subsection (k);
            (6) by inserting after subsection (i) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(j) Special Rule.--In each year of the program under this 
section, not less than 20 percent of the applicants who are awarded 
scholarships shall be individuals pursuing degrees in computer science 
or a related field of study.''; and
            (7) in subsection (k), as so redesignated, by adding at the 
        end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) The term `defense industry sponsor' means--
                    ``(A) a defense contractor with an active 
                government contract that makes the required minimum 
                contribution described in subsection (e)(2); or
                    ``(B) a company deemed critical to the national 
                security infrastructure that makes such a 
                contribution.''.

SEC. 212. ENHANCED PARTICIPATION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTORS 
              IN SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS 
              ACTIVITIES.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Program required.--Chapter 111 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2192b the 
        following new section:
``Sec. 2192c. Program to enhance contractor participation in science, 
              technology, engineering, and mathematics activities
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
program under which the Secretary shall seek to enter into partnerships 
with Department of Defense contractors to promote interest in careers 
in STEM disciplines.
    ``(b) Objectives.--The objectives of the program under subsection 
(a) are--
            ``(1) to maximize strategic partnerships between 
        institutions of higher education and private sector 
        organizations to build and strengthen communities involved in 
        STEM disciplines;
            ``(2) to increase diversity, equity, and inclusion by 
        providing access to career paths in STEM in historically 
        underserved and underrepresented communities;
            ``(3) to encourage employers in STEM disciplines to 
        establish work-based learning experiences such as internships 
        and apprenticeships; and
            ``(4) to build partnerships with minority and woman-owned 
        Department of Defense contractors to establish work-based 
        learning experiences such as internships and apprenticeships.
    ``(c) Activities.--As part of the program under subsection (a), the 
Secretary of Defense shall seek to encourage and provide support to 
Department of Defense contractors to enable such contractors to carry 
out activities to promote interest in careers in STEM disciplines. Such 
activities may include--
            ``(1) aiding in the development of educational programs and 
        curriculum in STEM disciplines for students of elementary 
        schools and secondary schools;
            ``(2) establishing volunteer programs in elementary schools 
        and secondary schools receiving assistance under part A of 
        title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 
        (20 U.S.C. 6311 et seq.) to enhance education in STEM 
        disciplines;
            ``(3) enhancing education in STEM disciplines at 
        institutions of higher education by--
                    ``(A) making personnel available to advise and 
                assist faculty at such institutions in the performance 
                of research and instruction in STEM disciplines that 
                are determined to be critical to the functions of the 
                Department of Defense;
                    ``(B) awarding scholarships and fellowships to 
                students pursuing courses of study in STEM disciplines; 
                or
                    ``(C) establishing cooperative work-education 
                programs in STEM disciplines for students; or
            ``(4) enhancing education in STEM disciplines at minority 
        institutions by--
                    ``(A) establishing partnerships between offerors 
                and such institutions for the purpose of training 
                students in STEM disciplines;
                    ``(B) conducting recruitment activities at such 
                institutions; or
                    ``(C) making internships or apprenticeships 
                available to students of such institutions.
    ``(d) Allowability of Costs.--Activities described in subsection 
(c) shall be considered as allowable community service activities for 
the purposes of determining allowability of cost on a government 
contract.
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The terms `elementary school' and `secondary school' 
        have the meanings given those terms in section 8101 of the 
        Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).
            ``(2) The term `institution of higher education' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 101 of the Higher Education 
        Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).
            ``(3) The term `minority institution' means--
                    ``(A) a part B institution (as that term is defined 
                in section 322(2) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
                (20 U.S.C. 1061(2)); or
                    ``(B) any other institution of higher education (as 
                that term is defined in section 101 of such Act (20 
                U.S.C. 1001)) at which not less than 50 percent of the 
                total student enrollment consists of students from 
                ethnic groups that are underrepresented in the fields 
                of science and engineering.
            ``(4) The term `STEM disciplines' means disciplines 
        relating to science, technology, engineering and mathematics, 
        including disciplines that are critical to the national 
        security functions of the Department of Defense and that are 
        needed in the Department of Defense workforce (as determined by 
        the Secretary of Defense under section 2192a(a)).''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 2192b the following new item:

``2192c. Program to enhance contractor participation in science, 
                            technology, engineering, and math 
                            activities.''.
    (b) Conforming Repeal.--Section 862 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 
note prec. 2191) is repealed.

SEC. 213. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO CERTAIN COOPERATIVE 
              RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENTS.

    Section 2350a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``and the Under 
        Secretary'' and inserting ``or the Under Secretary'';
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking ``Each cooperative'' and inserting 
                ``(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), each 
                cooperative''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:
    ``(2) A cooperative research and development project may be entered 
into under this section under which costs are shared between the 
participants on an unequal basis if the Secretary of Defense, or an 
official specified in subsection (b)(2) to whom the Secretary delegates 
authority under this paragraph, makes a written determination that 
unequal cost sharing provides strategic value to the United States or 
another participant in the project.
    ``(3) For purposes of this subsection, the term `cost' means the 
total value of cash and non-cash contributions.'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``In order to'' 
                and inserting ``Except as provided in paragraph (2), in 
                order to'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph 
                (3); and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
                new paragraph:
    ``(2)(A) The Secretary of Defense, or an official specified in 
subsection (b)(2) to whom the Secretary delegates authority under this 
paragraph, may waive the prohibition under paragraph (1) to allow the 
procurement of qualified services from a foreign government, foreign 
research organization, or other foreign entity on a case-by-case basis.
    ``(B) Not later than 30 days before issuing a waiver under 
subparagraph (A), the Secretary of Defense or the official specified in 
subsection (b)(2) to whom the Secretary delegates authority under this 
paragraph (as the case may be) shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees, the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate 
written notice of the intent to issue such a waiver.
    ``(C) For purposes of this paragraph, the term `qualified services' 
means engineering support services and local management services, 
including launch support services, test configuration support services, 
test range support services, and development support services, that are 
not covered by a memorandum of understanding (or other formal 
agreement) to conduct a cooperative research and development project 
under this section.''.

SEC. 214. PILOT PROGRAM ON TALENT OPTIMIZATION.

    Section 2358b of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Pilot Program on Talent Optimization.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering, acting through the Director of the 
        Defense Innovation Unit, shall carry out a pilot program to 
        develop a software-based system that enables active duty 
        military units to identify, access, and request support from 
        members of the reserve components who have the skills and 
        expertise necessary to carry out one or more functions required 
        of such units.
            ``(2) Elements.--In carrying out the pilot program, the 
        Director of the Defense Innovation Unit shall--
                    ``(A) ensure that the system developed under 
                paragraph (1)--
                            ``(i) enables active duty units, in near 
                        real-time, to identify members of the reserve 
                        components who have the qualifications 
                        necessary to meet certain requirements 
                        applicable to the units;
                            ``(ii) improves the ability of the military 
                        departments to access, on-demand, members of 
                        the reserve components who possess relevant 
                        experience; and
                            ``(iii) prioritizes access to members of 
                        the reserve components who have private-sector 
                        experience in the fields identified in section 
                        (b);
                            ``(iv) leverages commercial best practices 
                        for similar software systems;
                    ``(B) recommend policies and legislation to 
                streamline the use of members of the reserve components 
                by active duty units; and
                    ``(C) carry out such other activities as the 
                Director determines appropriate.
            ``(3) Termination.--The authority to carry out the pilot 
        program under this subsection shall terminate on September 30, 
        2025.''.

SEC. 215. CODIFICATION OF THE NATIONAL SECURITY INNOVATION NETWORK.

    (a) Codification.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 2358b the following 
        new section:
``Sec. 2358c. National Security Innovation Network
    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
program office to be known as the `National Security Innovation 
Network' (referred to in this section as the `Network'). The Secretary 
shall establish the Network within the Office of the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Research and Engineering or within the office of another 
principal staff assistant to the Secretary.
    ``(b) Responsibilities.--The responsibilities of the Network shall 
be--
            ``(1) to create a network throughout the United States that 
        connects the Department of Defense to academic institutions, 
        commercial accelerators and incubators, commercial innovation 
        hubs, and nonprofit entities with missions relating to national 
        security innovation;
            ``(2) to expand the national security innovation base 
        through integrated, project-based problem solving that leads to 
        novel concept and solution development for the Department and 
        facilitates dual-use venture creation;
            ``(3) to accelerate the adoption of novel concepts and 
        solutions by facilitating dual-use technology advancement to 
        improve acquisition and procurement outcomes;
            ``(4) to work in coordination with the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Personnel and Readiness, other principal staff 
        assistants within the Office of the Secretary, and the Armed 
        Forces to create new pathways and models of national security 
        service that facilitate term, temporary, and permanent 
        employment within the Department for--
                    ``(A) students and graduates in the fields of 
                science, technology, arts, engineering, and 
                mathematics;
                    ``(B) early-career and mid-career technologists; 
                and
                    ``(C) entrepreneurs for purposes of project-based 
                work;
            ``(5) to generate novel concepts and solutions to problems 
        and requirements articulated by entities within the Department 
        through programs, such as the Hacking for Defense program, that 
        combine end users from the Department, students and faculty 
        from academic institutions, and the early-stage dual-use 
        venture community;
            ``(6) to establish physical locations throughout the United 
        States through which the Network will connect with academic and 
        private sector partners for the purposes of carrying the 
        responsibilities described in paragraphs (1) through (5);
            ``(7) to leverage commercial software platforms and 
        databases that enable the Department of Defense to--
                    ``(A) source and map user problems to markets and 
                suppliers across venture capital, government 
                innovation, and technology portfolios;
                    ``(B) collaboratively identify potential companies 
                and technologies that can solve unclassified and 
                classified Department of Defense user problems;
                    ``(C) integrate expertise from the venture capital 
                community and private sector subject matter experts;
                    ``(D) evaluate companies and solutions against 
                existing datasets for cyber and foreign ownership risk; 
                and
                    ``(E) access commercial technologies through an 
                accredited and cloud-based development environment, 
                consistent with Department standards; and
            ``(8) to carry out such other activities as the Secretary 
        of Defense, in consultation with the head of the Network, 
        determines to be relevant to such responsibilities.
    ``(c) Authorities.--In addition to the authorities provided under 
this section, in carrying out this section, the Secretary of Defense 
may use the following authorities:
            ``(1) Section 1599g of this title relating to public-
        private talent exchanges.
            ``(2) Section 2368 of this title, relating to Centers for 
        Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnerships.
            ``(3) Section 2374a of this title, relating to prizes for 
        advanced technology achievements.
            ``(4) Section 2474 of this title, relating to Centers of 
        Industrial and Technical Excellence.
            ``(5) Section 2521 of this title, relating to the 
        Manufacturing Technology Program.
            ``(6) Subchapter VI of chapter 33 of title 5, relating to 
        assignments to and from States.
            ``(7) Chapter 47 of such title, relating to personnel 
        research programs and demonstration projects.
            ``(8) Section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology 
        Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) and section 6305 of 
        title 31 relating to cooperative research and development 
        agreements.
            ``(9) Such other authorities as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `dual-use venture' means a business that 
        provides products or services that are capable of meeting 
        requirements for military and nonmilitary applications.
            ``(2) The term `early-stage dual-use venture' means a 
        business that provides products or services that are capable of 
        meeting requirements for military and nonmilitary applications 
        that has raised not more than $20,000,000 in private venture 
        capital, and whose principal product or service does not 
        support, either directly or indirectly, a current Department of 
        Defense program of record.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 2358b the following new item:

``2358c. National Security Innovation Network.''.
    (b) Implementation.--
            (1) Transfers from other dod elements.--The Secretary of 
        Defense may transfer to the National Security Innovation 
        Network established under section 2358c of title 10, United 
        States Code (as added by subsection (a)) such personnel, 
        resources, and functions of other organizations and elements of 
        the Department of Defense as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate to carry out such section.
            (2) Integration with existing nsin.--Effective on the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the National Security Innovation 
        Network of the Department of Defense (as in existence on the 
        day before such date of enactment) shall be transferred to and 
        merged with the National Security Innovation Network 
        established under section 2358c of title 10, United States Code 
        (as added by subsection (a)).
            (3) Implementation plan.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
                Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
                committees a plan for implementing the National 
                Security Innovation Network under section 2358c of 
                title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection 
                (a)).
                    (B) Elements.--The plan required under paragraph 
                (1) shall include the following:
                            (i) Plans for any transfers the Secretary 
                        intends to carry out under paragraph (1).
                            (ii) Plans for the funding, integration, 
                        and evaluation of the Network, including plans 
                        for--
                                    (I) future funding and 
                                administrative support of the Network;
                                    (II) integration of the Network 
                                into the programming, planning, 
                                budgeting, and execution process of the 
                                Department of Defense;
                                    (III) integration of the Network 
                                with the other programs and initiatives 
                                within the Department that have 
                                missions relating to innovation and 
                                outreach to the academic and the 
                                private sector early-stage dual-use 
                                venture community (as defined in 
                                section 2358c of title 10, United 
                                States Code (as added by subsection 
                                (a)); and
                                    (IV) performance indicators by 
                                which the Network will be assessed and 
                                evaluated.
                            (iii) A description of any additional 
                        authorities the Secretary may require to ensure 
                        that the Network is able to effectively carry 
                        out the responsibilities specified in section 
                        2358c(c) of title 10, United States Code (as 
                        added by subsection (a)).
    (c) Comptroller General Reviews and Reports.--
            (1) Review and report on implementation plan.--Not later 
        than 180 days after the date on which the implementation plan 
        is submitted under subsection (b)(3), the Comptroller General 
        of the United States shall--
                    (A) complete a review of the implementation plan;
                    (B) submit to the congressional defense committees 
                a report on the results of the review.
            (2) Program evaluation and report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 3 years after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller 
                General of the United States shall--
                            (i) complete an evaluation of the National 
                        Security Innovation Network under section 2358c 
                        of title 10, United States Code (as added by 
                        subsection (a)); and
                            (ii) submit to the appropriate 
                        congressional committees a report on the 
                        results of the evaluation.
                    (B) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--
                In this paragraph, the term ``appropriate congressional 
                committees'' means--
                            (i) the congressional defense committees;
                            (ii) the Committee on Homeland Security and 
                        Governmental Affairs of the Senate; and
                            (iii) the Committee on Oversight and Reform 
                        of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 216. MODIFICATION OF PILOT PROGRAM ON ENHANCED CIVICS EDUCATION.

    (a) In General.--Section 234 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 2164 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (e)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (H), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(J) the improvement of critical thinking and 
                media literacy among students, including the 
                improvement of students' abilities with respect to--
                            ``(i) research and information fluency;
                            ``(ii) critical thinking and problem 
                        solving skills;
                            ``(iii) technology operations and concepts;
                            ``(iv) information and technological 
                        literacy;
                            ``(v) understanding of the importance of 
                        obtaining information from multiple media 
                        sources and evaluating sources for quality; and
                            ``(vi) understanding how information on 
                        digital platforms can be altered through 
                        algorithms, editing, and augmented reality; 
                        and''; and
            (2) in subsection (g), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(3) The term `media literacy' means the ability to--
                    ``(A) access relevant and accurate information 
                through media in a variety of forms;
                    ``(B) critically analyze media content and the 
                influences of different forms of media;
                    ``(C) evaluate the comprehensiveness, relevance, 
                credibility, authority, and accuracy of information;
                    ``(D) make educated decisions based on information 
                obtained from media and digital sources;''.
    (b) Deadline for Implementation.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
implement the pilot program under section 234 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 
2164 note), as amended by subsection (a).
    (c) Progress Report.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the efforts of Secretary 
to implement the pilot program under section 234 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 
U.S.C. 2164 note), as amended by subsection (a).

SEC. 217. MODIFICATION OF JOINT ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH, 
              DEVELOPMENT, AND TRANSITION ACTIVITIES.

    Section 238 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``and improvement 
        of the joint artificial intelligence center'' before the period 
        at the end;
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``acquire,'' 
                before ``develop''; and
                    (B) by amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:
            ``(2) Emphasis.--The set of activities established under 
        paragraph (1) shall include--
                    ``(A) acquisition and development of mature 
                artificial intelligence technology;
                    ``(B) applying artificial intelligence and machine 
                learning solutions to operational problems by directly 
                delivering artificial intelligence capabilities to the 
                Armed Forces and other organizations and elements of 
                the Department;
                    ``(C) accelerating the development, testing, and 
                fielding of new artificial intelligence and artificial 
                intelligence-enabling capabilities; and
                    ``(D) coordinating and deconflicting activities 
                involving artificial intelligence and artificial 
                intelligence-enabled capabilities within the 
                Department.'';
            (3) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
    ``(b) Responsible Official.--The Deputy Secretary of Defense shall 
be the official within the Department of Defense with principal 
responsibility for the coordination of activities relating to the 
acquisition, development, and demonstration of artificial intelligence 
and machine learning for the Department.'';
            (4) by redesignating subsections (c) through (g) as 
        subsections (d) through (h), respectively;
            (5) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(c) Organization.--
            ``(1) Role of joint artificial intelligence center.--The 
        set of activities established under subsection (a)(1) shall be 
        established within the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.
            ``(2) Authority of deputy secretary of defense.--The Deputy 
        Secretary of Defense shall exercise authority and direction 
        over the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.
            ``(3) Authority of director.--The Director of the Joint 
        Artificial Intelligence Center shall report directly to the 
        Deputy Secretary of Defense.
            ``(4) Delegation.--In exercising authority and direction 
        over the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center under subsection 
        (a), the Deputy Secretary of Defense may delegate 
        administrative and ancillary management duties to the Chief 
        Information Officer of the Department of Defense, as needed, to 
        effectively and efficiently execute the mission of the 
        Center.'';
            (6) in subsection (d), as so redesignated--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``official designated under subsection (b)'' 
                and inserting ``Deputy Secretary of Defense'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding 
                subparagraph (A), by inserting ``acquire,'' before 
                ``develop'';
                    (C) in the heading of paragraph (2), by striking 
                ``development'' and inserting ``acquisition, 
                development,''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A), by striking ``To the degree practicable, 
                        the designated official'' and inserting ``The 
                        Deputy Secretary of Defense'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``development'' and inserting ``acquisition, 
                        development,'';
                            (iii) by redesignating subparagraphs (H) 
                        and (I) as subparagraphs (J) and (K), 
                        respectively; and
                            (iv) by inserting after subparagraph (G), 
                        the following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(H) develop standard data formats for the 
                Department that--
                            ``(i) aid in defining the relative maturity 
                        of datasets; and
                            ``(ii) inform best practices for cost and 
                        schedule computation, data collection 
                        strategies aligned to mission outcomes, and 
                        dataset maintenance practices;
                    ``(I) establish data and model usage agreements and 
                collaborative partnership agreements for artificial 
                intelligence product development with each organization 
                and element of the Department, including each of the 
                Armed Forces;'';
            (7) in subsection (e), as so redesignated--
                    (A) by striking ``the official designated under 
                subsection (b)'' and inserting ``the Director of the 
                Joint Artificial Intelligence Center'';
                    (B) by striking ``subsection (c)'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (d)''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following: ``At a 
                minimum, such access shall ensure that the Director has 
                the ability to discover, access, share, and reuse data 
                and models of the Armed Forces and other organizations 
                and elements of the Department of Defense and to build 
                and maintain data for the Department.'';
            (8) in subsection (f), as so redesignated--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A), by striking ``official designated under 
                        subsection (b)'' and inserting ``Deputy 
                        Secretary of Defense''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``designated official'' and inserting ``Deputy 
                        Secretary of defense''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``designated 
                official'' and inserting ``Deputy Secretary of 
                Defense''; and
            (9) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(i) Joint Artificial Intelligence Center Defined.--The term 
`Joint Artificial Intelligence Center' means the Joint Artificial 
Intelligence Center of the Department of Defense established pursuant 
to the memorandum of the Secretary of Defense dated June 27, 2018, and 
titled `Establishment of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center', or 
any successor to such Center.''.

SEC. 218. MODIFICATION OF NATIONAL SECURITY INNOVATION ACTIVITIES AND 
              MANUFACTURING PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) National Security Innovation Activities.--Section 230 of the 
John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
(10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``The Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Research and Engineering shall establish'' and 
        inserting ``The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering, acting through the Director of the Defense 
        Innovation Unit, shall establish'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (e) through (h) as 
        subsections (f) through (i), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(e) Establishment of Advisory Board.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not earlier than the date specified in 
        paragraph (5), but no later than 180 days after such date, the 
        Under Secretary shall establish an advisory board within the 
        Defense Innovation Unit to advise the Under Secretary and the 
        Director of the Unit with respect to the establishment and 
        prioritization of activities under such subsection (a).
            ``(2) Duties.--The advisory board established under 
        paragraph (1) shall--
                    ``(A) identify activities that should be 
                prioritized for establishment under subsection (a);
                    ``(B) not less frequently that semiannually, 
                reevaluate and update such priorities; and
                    ``(C) ensure continuing alignment of the activities 
                established under subsection (a), including all 
                elements of such activities described in subsection 
                (b), with the overall technology strategy of the 
                Department of Defense.
            ``(3) Membership.--The advisory board established under 
        paragraph (1) shall be composed of one or more representatives 
        from each of the following:
                    ``(A) Each science and technology reinvention 
                laboratory of the Department of Defense.
                    ``(B) The primary procurement organization of each 
                Armed Force.
                    ``(C) The Defense Innovation Board.
                    ``(D) Such other organizations and elements of the 
                Department of Defense as the Under Secretary, in 
                consultation with the Director of the Defense 
                Innovation Unit, determines appropriate.
            ``(4) Plan.--Not later than 90 days before the date on 
        which the advisory board is established under paragraph (1), 
        the Under Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a plan for establishing the advisory board, 
        including a description of the expected roles, 
        responsibilities, and membership of the advisory board.
            ``(5) Date specified.--The date specified in this paragraph 
        is the date on which funds are first appropriated or otherwise 
        made available to carry out subsection (a).''; and
            (4) in subsection (h), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``subsection (h)'' and inserting ``subsection (i)''.
    (b) Pilot Program on Defense Manufacturing.--Section 1711 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 
115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2505 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d), by striking ``the date that is four 
        years after the date of the enactment of this Act'' and 
        inserting ``December 31, 2026''; and
            (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``January 31, 2022'' and 
        inserting ``January 31, 2027''.

SEC. 219. EXTENSION OF PILOT PROGRAM FOR THE ENHANCEMENT OF THE 
              RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION CENTERS OF 
              THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--Section 233 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (e), by striking ``2022'' and inserting 
        ``2027''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date 
        of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the status of the 
        pilot program.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end the 
                following new subparagraph:
                    ``(F) With respect to any military department not 
                participating in the pilot program, an explanation for 
                such nonparticipation, including identification of--
                            ``(i) any issues that may be preventing 
                        such participation; and
                            ``(ii) any offices or other elements of the 
                        department that may be responsible for the 
                        delay in participation.''.
    (b) Technical Amendment.--Effective as of December 23, 2016, and as 
if included therein as enacted, section 233(c)(2)(C)(ii) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended by striking ``Assistant 
Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
inserting ``Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, 
and Technology''.

SEC. 220. DIGITAL DATA MANAGEMENT AND ANALYTICS CAPABILITY.

    (a) Digital Data Management and Analytics Capability.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
        implement an advanced digital data management and analytics 
        capability to be used--
                    (A) to digitally integrate all elements of the 
                acquisition process of the Department of Defense;
                    (B) to digitally record and track all relevant data 
                generated during the research, development, testing, 
                and evaluation of systems; and
                    (C) to maximize the use of such data to inform--
                            (i) the further development and improvement 
                        of such systems; and
                            (ii) the acquisition process for such 
                        systems.
            (2) Requirements.--The capability developed under paragraph 
        (1) shall meet the following requirements:
                    (A) The capability will be accessible to, and 
                useable by, individuals throughout the Department of 
                Defense who have responsibilities relating to 
                capability requirements, research, design, development, 
                testing, evaluation, acquisition, management, 
                operations, and sustainment of systems.
                    (B) The capability will provide for the 
                development, use, curation, and maintenance of 
                authoritative and technically accurate digital 
                systems--
                            (i) to reduce the burden of reporting by 
                        officials responsible for executing programs;
                            (ii) to ensure shared access to data within 
                        the Department;
                            (iii) to supply data to digital engineering 
                        models for use in the defense acquisition 
                        process;
                            (iv) to supply data to testing 
                        infrastructure and software to support 
                        automated approaches for testing, evaluation, 
                        and deployment throughout the defense 
                        acquisition process; and
                            (v) to provide timely analyses to 
                        Department leadership.
                    (C) The capability will be designed--
                            (i) to improve data management processes in 
                        the research, development, acquisition, and 
                        sustainment activities of the Department;
                            (ii) to provide decision makers in the 
                        Department with timely, high-quality, 
                        transparent, and actionable analyses for 
                        optimal development, acquisition, and 
                        sustainment decision making and execution;
                            (iii) to facilitate productivity, 
                        discovery, access, knowledge sharing, and 
                        analysis of acquisition-related data across 
                        organizational boundaries at all levels of the 
                        Department, including through the development 
                        of acquisition documentation; and
                            (iv) to build and improve analytical models 
                        and simulations to enhance the development, 
                        test, and use of weapon systems.
            (3) Software requirement.--
                    (A) In general.--The capability developed under 
                paragraph (1) shall include software to collect, 
                organize, manage, make available, and analyze relevant 
                data throughout the life cycle of defense acquisition 
                programs, including any data needed to satisfy 
                milestone requirements and reviews.
                    (B) Procurement authority.--The software described 
                in subparagraph (A) may be developed or procured using 
                the authorities provided under section 800 of the 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 
                (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1478).
            (4) Review.--In developing the capability required under 
        paragraph (1) the Secretary of Defense shall--
                    (A) review data content and requirements to support 
                planning and reporting of functions and remove 
                redundant data requests across functions; and
                    (B) based on such review, develop recommended 
                approaches for--
                            (i) moving supporting processes from analog 
                        to digital format, including planning and 
                        reporting processes;
                            (ii) making new data active through 
                        digitalization;
                            (iii) making legacy data, including data 
                        currently residing in program documentation, 
                        active through digitalization; and
                            (iv) modernizing the storage, retrieval, 
                        and reporting capabilities for stakeholders 
                        within the Department, including research 
                        entities, Program Management Offices, analytic 
                        organizations, enterprise oversight, and 
                        decision makers.
    (b) Demonstration Activities.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
        demonstration activities to test various approaches to building 
        the capability required under subsection (a).
            (2) Program selection.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall assess and select not fewer than two and not more than 
        five programs of the Department of Defense to participate in 
        the demonstration activities under paragraph (1), including--
                    (A) one or more acquisition data management test 
                cases; and
                    (B) one or more development and test modeling and 
                simulation test cases to demonstrate the ability to 
                collect data from tests and operations in the field, 
                and feed the data back into models and simulations for 
                better software development and testing.
            (3) Additional requirements.--As part of the demonstration 
        activities under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                    (A) conduct a comparative analysis that assesses 
                the risks and benefits of the digital management and 
                analytics capability used in each of the programs 
                participating in the demonstration activities relative 
                to the Department's traditional data collection, 
                reporting, exposing, and analysis approaches;
                    (B) ensure that the intellectual property strategy 
                for each of the programs participating in the 
                demonstration activities is best aligned to meet the 
                goals of the program; and
                    (C) develop a workforce and infrastructure plan to 
                support any new policies and guidance implemented in 
                connection with the demonstration activities, including 
                any policies and guidance implemented after the 
                completion of such activities.
    (c) Policies and Guidance Required.--Not later than 18 months after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, based on the results of the 
demonstration activities carried out under subsection (b), the 
Secretary of Defense shall issue or modify policies and guidance to--
            (1) promote the use of digital management and analytics 
        capabilities; and
            (2) address roles, responsibilities, and procedures 
        relating to such capabilities.
    (d) Steering Committee.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
        steering committee to assist the Secretary in carrying out 
        subsections (a) through (c).
            (2) Membership.--The steering committee shall be composed 
        of the following members or their designees:
                    (A) The Chief Management Officer.
                    (B) The Chief Information Officer.
                    (C) The Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
                Evaluation.
                    (D) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
                Engineering.
                    (E) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
                and Sustainment.
                    (F) The Director of Operational Test and 
                Evaluation.
                    (G) The Service Acquisition Executives.
                    (H) The Director for Force Structure, Resources, 
                and Assessment of the Joint Staff.
                    (I) The Director of the Defense Digital Service.
    (e) Independent Assessments.--
            (1) Initial assessment.--
                    (A) In general.--The Defense Innovation Board, in 
                consultation with the Defense Digital Service, shall 
                conduct an independent assessment to identify 
                recommended approaches for the implementation of 
                subsections (a) through (c).
                    (B) Elements.--The assessment under subparagraph 
                (A) shall include the following:
                            (i) A plan for the development and 
                        implementation of the capability required under 
                        subsection (a), including a plan for any 
                        procurement that may be required as part of 
                        such development and implementation.
                            (ii) An independent cost assessment of the 
                        total estimated cost of developing and 
                        implementing the capability.
                            (iii) An independent estimate of the 
                        schedule for the development and implementation 
                        of the capability, including a reasonable 
                        estimate of the dates on which the capability 
                        can be expected to achieve initial operational 
                        capability and full operational capability, 
                        respectively.
                            (iv) A recommendation identifying the 
                        office or other organization of the Department 
                        of Defense that would be most appropriate to 
                        manage and execute the capability.
                    (C) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
                of the enactment of this Act, the Defense Innovation 
                Board, in consultation with the Defense Digital 
                Service, shall submit to the Secretary of Defense and 
                the congressional defense committees a report on the 
                findings of the assessment under subparagraph (A), 
                including the findings of the assessment with respect 
                to each element specified in subparagraph (B).
            (2) Final assessment.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than March 15, 2022, the 
                Defense Innovation Board and the Defense Science Board 
                shall jointly complete an independent assessment of the 
                progress of the Secretary in implementing subsections 
                (a) through (c). The Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
                that the Defense Innovation Board and the Defense 
                Science Board have access to the resources, data, and 
                information necessary to complete the assessment.
                    (B) Information to congress.--Not later than 30 
                days after the date on which the assessment under 
                subparagraph (A) is completed, the Defense Innovation 
                Board and the Defense Science Board shall jointly 
                provide to the congressional defense committees--
                            (i) a report summarizing the assessment; 
                        and
                            (ii) a briefing on the findings of the 
                        assessment.
    (f) Report and Briefing.--
            (1) Report on implementation.--Not later than 90 days after 
        the date on which the report described in subsection (e)(1)(C) 
        is submitted to the congressional defense committees, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on the progress of the Secretary in 
        implementing subsections (a) through (c). The report shall 
        include an explanation of how the results of the demonstration 
        activities carried out under subsection (b) will be 
        incorporated into the policy and guidance required under 
        subsection (c), particularly the policy and guidance of the 
        members of the steering committee established under subsection 
        (d).
            (2) Briefing on legislative recommendations.--Not later 
        than October 15, 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall provide 
        to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives a briefing that identifies any changes to 
        existing law that may be necessary to facilitate the 
        implementation of subsections (a) through (c).

SEC. 221. SOCIAL SCIENCE, MANAGEMENT SCIENCE, AND INFORMATION SCIENCE 
              RESEARCH ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall carry 
out a program of research and development in social science, management 
science, and information science.
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of the program required under 
subsection (a) are as follows:
            (1) To ensure that the Department of Defense has access to 
        innovation and expertise in social science, management science, 
        and information science to enable the Department to improve the 
        effectiveness and efficiency of the Department's operational 
        and management activities.
            (2) To coordinate all research and development within the 
        Department in the fields of social science, management science, 
        and information science.
            (3) To enhance cooperation and collaboration on research 
        and development in the fields of social science, management 
        science, and information science among the Department of 
        Defense and appropriate private sector and international 
        entities that are involved in such research and development.
            (4) To develop and manage a portfolio of research 
        initiatives in fundamental and applied social science, 
        management science, and information science that is stable, 
        consistent, and balanced across relevant disciplines.
            (5) To accelerate efforts to transition and deploy 
        technologies and concepts derived from research and development 
        in the fields of social science, management science, and 
        information science into the Department of Defense, and to 
        establish policies, procedures, and standards for measuring the 
        success of such efforts.
            (6) To collect, synthesize, and disseminate critical 
        information on research and development in the fields of social 
        science, management science, and information science.
            (7) To support the missions and systems of the Department 
        by developing the fields of social science, management science, 
        and information science, including by supporting--
                    (A) appropriate research and innovation in such 
                fields; and
                    (B) the development of an industrial base in such 
                fields, including development of the facilities, 
                workforce, and infrastructure that comprise such 
                industrial base.
    (c) Administration.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
and Engineering shall supervise the planning, management, and 
coordination of the program under subsection (a).
    (d) Activities.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering, in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Policy, the Secretaries of the military departments, and the heads of 
relevant Defense Agencies, shall--
            (1) prescribe a set of long-term challenges and a set of 
        specific technical goals for the program, including--
                    (A) optimization of analysis of national security 
                data sets;
                    (B) development of defense-related management 
                innovation activities;
                    (C) improving the operational use of social 
                science, management science, and information science 
                innovations by military commanders and civilian 
                leaders;
                    (D) improving understanding of the fundamental 
                social, cultural, and behavioral forces that shape the 
                strategic interests of the United States; and
                    (E) developing a Department of Defense workforce 
                capable of developing and leveraging innovations and 
                best practices in the fields of social science, 
                management science, and information science to support 
                defense missions;
            (2) develop a coordinated and integrated research and 
        investment plan for meeting near-term, mid-term, and long-term 
        national security, defense-related, and Department management 
        challenges that--
                    (A) includes definitive milestones;
                    (B) provides for achieving specific technical 
                goals; and
                    (C) builds upon the investments of the Department, 
                other departments and agencies of the Federal 
                Government, and the commercial sector in the fields of 
                social science, management science, and information 
                science;
            (3) develop plans for--
                    (A) the development of the Department's workforce 
                in social science, management science, and information 
                science; and
                    (B) enhancing awareness of social science, 
                management science, and information science within the 
                Department; and
            (4) develop memoranda of agreement, joint funding 
        agreements, and such other cooperative arrangements as the 
        Under Secretary determines necessary for carrying out the 
        program under subsection (a).
    (e) Guidance Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering shall develop and issue guidance for 
        defense-related social science, management science, and 
        information science activities, including--
                    (A) classification and data management plans for 
                such activities;
                    (B) policies for control of personnel participating 
                in such activities to minimize the effects of the loss 
                of intellectual property in social science, management 
                science, and information science considered sensitive 
                to the Federal Government; and
                    (C) ensuring transition of social science, 
                management science, and information science research 
                findings into Department strategic documents.
            (2) Updates.--Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering shall regularly update the guidance issued under 
        paragraph (4).
    (f) Research Centers.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of each military department 
        may establish or designate an entity or activity under the 
        jurisdiction of such Secretary, which may include a Department 
        of Defense Laboratory, to serve as a research center in the 
        fields of social science, management science, and information 
        science. Each such research center shall engage with 
        appropriate public sector and private sector organizations, 
        including academic institutions, to enhance and accelerate the 
        research, development, and deployment of social science, 
        management science, and information science within the 
        Department.
            (2) Minimum number.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
        that not less than one research center is established or 
        designated under paragraph (1) by not later than 180 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (g) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2022, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
        a report on the program.
            (2) Form of report.--The report required under paragraph 
        (1) may be submitted in unclassified or classified form.

SEC. 222. MEASURING AND INCENTIVIZING PROGRAMMING PROFICIENCY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 2 years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall carry out the 
following activities:
            (1) Leverage existing civilian software development and 
        software architecture certification programs to implement 
        coding language proficiency and artificial intelligence 
        competency tests within the Department of Defense that--
                    (A) measure an individual's competency in using 
                machine learning tools, in a manner similar to the way 
                the Defense Language Proficiency Test measures 
                competency in foreign language skills;
                    (B) enable the identification of members of the 
                Armed Forces and civilian employees of the Department 
                of Defense who have varying levels of quantified coding 
                comprehension and skills and a propensity to learn new 
                programming paradigms, algorithms, and data analytics; 
                and
                    (C) include hands-on coding demonstrations and 
                challenges.
            (2) Update existing record keeping systems to track 
        artificial intelligence and programming certification testing 
        results in a manner that is comparable to the system used for 
        tracking and documenting foreign language competency, and use 
        that record keeping system to ensure that workforce coding and 
        artificial intelligence comprehension and skills are taken into 
        consideration when making assignments.
            (3) Implement a system of rewards, including appropriate 
        incentive pay and retention incentives, for members of the 
        Armed Forces and civilian employees of the Department of 
        Defense who perform successfully on specific language coding 
        proficiency and artificial intelligence competency tests and 
        make their skills available to the Department.
    (b) Information Sharing With Other Federal Agencies.--The Secretary 
of Defense shall share information on the activities carried out under 
subsection (a) with the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Attorney 
General, the Director of National Intelligence, and the heads of such 
other organizations of the intelligence community as the Secretary 
determines appropriate, for purposes of--
            (1) making information about the coding language 
        proficiency and artificial intelligence competency tests 
        developed under such subsection available to other Federal 
        national security agencies; and
            (2) encouraging the heads of such agencies to implement 
        tracking and reward systems that are comparable to those 
        implemented by the Department of Defense pursuant to such 
        subsection.

SEC. 223. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MODERNIZATION AND SECURITY EFFORTS.

    (a) Modernization Effort.--
            (1) Definitions.--In this subsection--
                    (A) the term ``Assistant Secretary'' means the 
                Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Communications and 
                Information;
                    (B) the term ``covered agency''--
                            (i) means any Federal entity that the 
                        Assistant Secretary determines is appropriate; 
                        and
                            (ii) includes the Department of Defense;
                    (C) the term ``Federal entity'' has the meaning 
                given the term in section 113(l) of the National 
                Telecommunications and Information Administration 
                Organization Act (47 U.S.C. 923(l));
                    (D) the term ``Federal spectrum'' means frequencies 
                assigned on a primary basis to a covered agency;
                    (E) the term ``infrastructure'' means information 
                technology systems and information technologies, tools, 
                and databases; and
                    (F) the term ``NTIA'' means the National 
                Telecommunications and Information Administration.
            (2) Initial interagency spectrum information technology 
        coordination.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Assistant Secretary, in consultation 
        with the Policy and Plans Steering Group, shall identify a 
        process to establish goals, including parameters to measure the 
        achievement of those goals, for the modernization of the 
        infrastructure of covered agencies relating to managing the use 
        of Federal spectrum by those agencies, which shall include--
                    (A) the standardization of data inputs, modeling 
                algorithms, modeling and simulation processes, analysis 
                tools with respect to Federal spectrum, assumptions, 
                and any other tool to ensure interoperability and 
                functionality with respect to that infrastructure;
                    (B) other potential innovative technological 
                capabilities with respect to that infrastructure, 
                including cloud-based databases, artificial 
                intelligence technologies, automation, and improved 
                modeling and simulation capabilities;
                    (C) ways to improve the management of covered 
                agencies' use of Federal spectrum through that 
                infrastructure, including by--
                            (i) increasing the efficiency of that 
                        infrastructure;
                            (ii) addressing validation of usage with 
                        respect to that infrastructure;
                            (iii) increasing the accuracy of that 
                        infrastructure;
                            (iv) validating models used by that 
                        infrastructure; and
                            (v) monitoring and enforcing requirements 
                        that are imposed on covered agencies with 
                        respect to the use of Federal spectrum by 
                        covered agencies;
                    (D) ways to improve the ability of covered agencies 
                to meet mission requirements in congested environments 
                with respect to Federal spectrum, including as part of 
                automated adjustments to operations based on changing 
                conditions in those environments;
                    (E) the creation of a time-based automated 
                mechanism--
                            (i) to share Federal spectrum between 
                        covered agencies to collaboratively and 
                        dynamically increase access to Federal spectrum 
                        by those agencies; and
                            (ii) that could be scaled across Federal 
                        spectrum; and
                    (F) the collaboration between covered agencies 
                necessary to ensure the interoperability of Federal 
                spectrum.
            (3) Spectrum information technology modernization.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 240 days after the 
                date of enactment of this Act, the Assistant Secretary 
                shall submit to Congress a report that contains the 
                plan of the NTIA to modernize and automate the 
                infrastructure of the NTIA relating to managing the use 
                of Federal spectrum by covered agencies so as to more 
                efficiently manage that use.
                    (B) Contents.--The report required under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include--
                            (i) an assessment of the current, as of the 
                        date on which the report is submitted, 
                        infrastructure of the NTIA described in that 
                        paragraph;
                            (ii) an acquisition strategy for the 
                        modernized infrastructure of the NTIA described 
                        in that paragraph, including how that 
                        modernized infrastructure will enable covered 
                        agencies to be more efficient and effective in 
                        the use of Federal spectrum;
                            (iii) a timeline for the implementation of 
                        the modernization efforts described in that 
                        paragraph;
                            (iv) plans detailing how the modernized 
                        infrastructure of the NTIA described in that 
                        paragraph will--
                                    (I) enhance the security and 
                                reliability of that infrastructure so 
                                that such infrastructure satisfies the 
                                requirements of the Federal Information 
                                Security Management Act of 2002 (Public 
                                Law 107-296; 116 Stat. 2135);
                                    (II) improve data models and 
                                analysis tools to increase the 
                                efficiency of the spectrum use 
                                described in that paragraph;
                                    (III) enhance automation and 
                                workflows, and reduce the scope and 
                                level of manual effort, in order to--
                                            (aa) administer the 
                                        management of the spectrum use 
                                        described in that paragraph; 
                                        and
                                            (bb) improve data quality 
                                        and processing time; and
                                    (IV) improve the timeliness of 
                                spectrum analyses and requests for 
                                information, including requests 
                                submitted pursuant to section 552 of 
                                title 5, United States Code;
                            (v) an operations and maintenance plan with 
                        respect to the modernized infrastructure of the 
                        NTIA described in that paragraph;
                            (vi) a strategy for coordination between 
                        the covered agencies within the Policy and 
                        Plans Steering Group, which shall include--
                                    (I) a description of--
                                            (aa) those coordination 
                                        efforts, as in effect on the 
                                        date on which the report is 
                                        submitted; and
                                            (bb) a plan for 
                                        coordination of those efforts 
                                        after the date on which the 
                                        report is submitted, including 
                                        with respect to the efforts 
                                        described in paragraph (4);
                                    (II) a plan for standardizing--
                                            (aa) electromagnetic 
                                        spectrum analysis tools;
                                            (bb) modeling and 
                                        simulation processes and 
                                        technologies; and
                                            (cc) databases to provide 
                                        technical interference 
                                        assessments that are usable 
                                        across the Federal Government 
                                        as part of a common spectrum 
                                        management infrastructure for 
                                        covered agencies;
                                    (III) a plan for each covered 
                                agency to implement a modernization 
                                plan described in paragraph (4)(A) that 
                                is tailored to the particular timeline 
                                of the agency;
                            (vii) identification of manually intensive 
                        processes involved in managing Federal spectrum 
                        and proposed enhancements to those processes;
                            (viii) metrics to evaluate the success of 
                        the modernization efforts described in that 
                        paragraph and any similar future efforts; and
                            (ix) an estimate of the cost of the 
                        modernization efforts described in that 
                        paragraph and any future maintenance with 
                        respect to the modernized infrastructure of the 
                        NTIA described in that paragraph, including the 
                        cost of any personnel and equipment relating to 
                        that maintenance.
            (4) Interagency inputs.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the 
                date of enactment of this Act, the head of each covered 
                agency shall submit to the Assistant Secretary and the 
                Policy and Plans Steering Group a report that describes 
                the plan of the agency to modernize the infrastructure 
                of the agency with respect to the use of Federal 
                spectrum by the agency so that such modernized 
                infrastructure of the agency is interoperable with the 
                modernized infrastructure of the NTIA, as described in 
                paragraph (3).
                    (B) Contents.--Each report submitted by the head of 
                a covered agency under subparagraph (A) shall--
                            (i) include--
                                    (I) an assessment of the current, 
                                as of the date on which the report is 
                                submitted, management capabilities of 
                                the agency with respect to the use of 
                                frequencies that are assigned to the 
                                agency, which shall include a 
                                description of any challenges faced by 
                                the agency with respect to that 
                                management;
                                    (II) a timeline for completion of 
                                the modernization efforts described in 
                                that paragraph; and
                                    (III) a description of potential 
                                innovative technological capabilities 
                                for the management of frequencies that 
                                are assigned to the agency, as 
                                determined under paragraph (2);
                                    (IV) identification of agency-
                                specific requirements or constraints 
                                relating to the infrastructure of the 
                                agency;
                                    (V) identification of any existing, 
                                as of the date on which the report is 
                                submitted, systems of the agency that 
                                are duplicative of the modernized 
                                infrastructure of the NTIA, as proposed 
                                under paragraph (3); and
                                    (VI) with respect to the report 
                                submitted by the Secretary of Defense--
                                            (aa) a strategy for the 
                                        integration of systems or the 
                                        flow of data among the Armed 
                                        Forces, the military 
                                        departments, the Defense 
                                        Agencies and Department of 
                                        Defense Field Activities, and 
                                        other components of the 
                                        Department of Defense;
                                            (bb) a plan for the 
                                        implementation of solutions to 
                                        the use of Federal spectrum by 
                                        the Department of Defense 
                                        involving information at 
                                        multiple levels of 
                                        classification; and
                                            (cc) a strategy for 
                                        addressing, within the 
                                        modernized infrastructure of 
                                        the Department of Defense 
                                        described in that paragraph, 
                                        the exchange of information 
                                        between the Department of 
                                        Defense and the NTIA in order 
                                        to accomplish required 
                                        processing of all Department of 
                                        Defense domestic spectrum 
                                        coordination and management 
                                        activities; and
                            (ii) be submitted in an unclassified 
                        format, with a classified annex, as 
                        appropriate.
                    (C) Notification of congress.--Upon submission of 
                the report required under subparagraph (A), the head of 
                each covered agency shall notify Congress that the head 
                of the covered agency has submitted the report.
            (5) GAO oversight.--The Comptroller General of the United 
        States shall--
                    (A) not later than 90 days after the date of 
                enactment of this Act, conduct a review of the 
                infrastructure of covered agencies, as that 
                infrastructure exists on the date of enactment of this 
                Act;
                    (B) after all of the reports required under 
                paragraph (4) have been submitted, conduct oversight of 
                the implementation of the modernization plans submitted 
                by the NTIA and covered agencies under paragraphs (3) 
                and (4), respectively;
                    (C) not later than 1 year after the date on which 
                the Comptroller General begins conducting oversight 
                under subparagraph (B), and annually thereafter, submit 
                a report regarding that oversight to--
                            (i) with respect to the implementation of 
                        the modernization plan of the Department of 
                        Defense, the Committee on Armed Services of the 
                        Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of 
                        the House of Representatives; and
                            (ii) with respect to the implementation of 
                        the modernization plans of all covered 
                        agencies, including the Department of Defense, 
                        the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                        Transportation of the Senate and the Committee 
                        on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
                        Representatives; and
                    (D) provide regular briefings to--
                            (i) with respect to the application of this 
                        section to the Department of Defense, the 
                        Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and 
                        the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
                        Representatives; and
                            (ii) with respect to the application of 
                        this section to all covered agencies, including 
                        the Department of Defense, the Committee on 
                        Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
                        Senate and the Committee on Energy and Commerce 
                        of the House of Representatives.
    (b) Telecommunications Security Program.--
            (1) Program required.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry 
        out a program to identify and mitigate vulnerabilities in the 
        telecommunications infrastructure of the Department of Defense.
            (2) Elements.--In carrying out the program under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall--
                    (A) develop a capability to communicate clearly and 
                authoritatively about threats by foreign adversaries;
                    (B) conduct independent red-team security analysis 
                of Department of Defense systems, subsystems, devices, 
                and components including no-knowledge testing and 
                testing with limited or full knowledge of expected 
                functionalities;
                    (C) verify the integrity of personnel who are 
                tasked with design fabrication, integration, 
                configuration, storage, test, and documentation of 
                noncommercial 5G technology to be used by the 
                Department of Defense;
                    (D) verify the efficacy of the physical security 
                measures used at Department of Defense locations where 
                system design, fabrication, integration, configuration, 
                storage, test, and documentation of 5G technology 
                occurs;
                    (E) direct the Chief Information Officer of the 
                Department of Defense to use the Federal Risk and 
                Authorization Management Program (commonly known as 
                ``FedRAMP'') moderate or high cloud standard baselines, 
                supplemented with the Department's FedRAMP cloud 
                standard controls and control enhancements, to assess 
                5G core service providers whose services will be used 
                by the Department of Defense through the Department's 
                provisional authorization process; and
                    (F) direct the Defense Information Systems Agency 
                and the United States Cyber Command to Develop a 
                capability for continuous, independent monitoring of 
                packet streams for 5G data on frequencies assigned to 
                the Department of Defense to validate availability, 
                confidentiality, and integrity of Department of Defense 
                communications systems.
            (3) Implementation plan.--Not later than 90 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall submit to Congress a plan for the implementation of the 
        program under paragraph (1).
            (4) Report required.--Not later than 270 days after 
        submitting the plan under paragraph (3), the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to Congress a report that includes--
                    (A) a comprehensive assessment of the findings and 
                conclusions of the program under paragraph (1);
                    (B) recommendations on how to mitigate 
                vulnerabilities in the Department of Defense 
                telecommunications infrastructure; and
                    (C) an explanation of how the Department of Defense 
                plans to implement such recommendations.

SEC. 224. BOARD OF DIRECTORS FOR THE JOINT ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 
              CENTER.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
Board of Directors for the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.
    (b) Duties.--The duties of the Board of Directors shall be the 
following:
            (1) Provide strategic guidance to the Director of the Joint 
        Artificial Intelligence Center.
            (2) Advise the Secretary on matters relating to the 
        development and use of artificial intelligence by the 
        Department of Defense.
            (3) Evaluate and advise the Secretary on ethical matters 
        relating to the development and use of artificial intelligence 
        by the Department.
            (4) Conduct long-term and long-range studies on matters 
        relating to artificial intelligence.
            (5) Evaluate and provide recommendations to the Secretary 
        regarding the Department's development of a robust workforce 
        proficient in artificial intelligence.
            (6) Assist the Secretary in developing strategic level 
        guidance on artificial intelligence-related hardware 
        procurement and supply-chain matters.
            (7) Monitor and provide recommendations to the Secretary on 
        computing power, usage, storage, and other technical matters 
        relating to artificial intelligence.
    (c) Membership.--The Board of Directors shall be composed of the 
following members:
            (1) The official within the Department of Defense to whom 
        the Director of the Joint Artificial intelligence center 
        directly reports.
            (2) The Under Secretary of Defense for Policy.
            (3) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering.
            (4) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment.
            (5) The Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and 
        Security.
            (6) The Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
        Readiness.
            (7) Not more than five members from academic or private 
        sector organizations outside the Department of Defense, who 
        shall be appointed by the Secretary.
    (d) Chairperson.--The chairperson of the Board of Directors shall 
be the official described in subsection (c)(1).
    (e) Meetings.--The Board of Directors shall meet not less than once 
each fiscal quarter and may meet at other times at the call of the 
chairperson or a majority of the Board's members.
    (f) Reports.--Not later than September 30 of each year through 
September 30, 2024, the Board of Directors shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report that summarizes the 
activities of the Board over the preceding year.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``artificial intelligence'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 238(g) of the John S. McCain 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public 
        Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).
            (2) The term ``Board of Directors'' means the Board of 
        Directors established under subsection (a).
            (3) The term ``Joint Artificial Intelligence Center'' means 
        the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center of the Department of 
        Defense established pursuant to the memorandum of the Secretary 
        of Defense dated June 27, 2018, and titled ``Establishment of 
        the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center'', or any successor to 
        such Center.
            (4) The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of Defense.

SEC. 225. DIRECTED ENERGY WORKING GROUP.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a working 
group, to be known as the ``Directed Energy Working Group''.
    (b) Responsibilities.--The working group shall--
            (1) discuss the current and planned directed energy 
        programs of each of the military departments;
            (2) make recommendations to the Secretary of Defense about 
        establishing memoranda of understanding among the organizations 
        and elements of the Department of Defense to coordinate 
        directed energy activities using amounts authorized to be 
        appropriated for research, development, test, and evaluation;
            (3) identify methods of quickly fielding directed energy 
        capabilities and programs; and
            (4) develop a compendium on the effectiveness of directed 
        energy weapon systems and integrate the compendium into an 
        overall Joint Effectiveness Manual under the guidance from the 
        Joint Technical Coordination Group for Munitions Effectiveness.
    (c) Head of Working Group.--The head of the working group shall be 
the Assistant Director of Directed Energy of the Office of the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.
    (d) Membership.--The members of the working group shall be 
appointed by not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, as follows:
            (1) One member from each military department, appointed by 
        the Secretary of the military department concerned.
            (2) One member appointed by the Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Research and Engineering.
            (3) One member appointed by the Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Acquisition and Sustainment.
            (4) One member appointed by the Director of the Strategic 
        Capabilities Office of the Department of Defense.
            (5) One member appointed by the Director of the Defense 
        Advanced Research Projects Agency.
    (e) Reports to Congress.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, and not less frequently than once every 180 
days thereafter, the working group shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the progress of each directed energy 
program being developed or fielded by the Department of Defense.
    (f) Termination.--The working group under this section shall 
terminate 4 years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 226. PROGRAM EXECUTIVE OFFICER FOR AUTONOMY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than February 1, 2022, the Secretary of 
the Navy shall designate a program executive officer for autonomy who 
shall be the official within the Department of the Navy with primary 
responsibility for the development and integration of autonomous 
technology into weapon systems.
    (b) Program Executive Officer Defined.--In this section, the term 
``program executive officer'' has the meaning given that term in 
section 1737(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 227. ACCOUNTABILITY MEASURES RELATING TO THE ADVANCED BATTLE 
              MANAGEMENT SYSTEM.

    (a) Independent Cost Estimate.--
            (1) In general.--The Director of Cost Assessment and 
        Program Evaluation shall--
                    (A) review any cost estimate of the Advanced Battle 
                Management System prepared by the Department of the Air 
                Force; and
                    (B) conduct an independent cost estimate of the 
                full life-cycle cost of the Advanced Battle Management 
                System.
            (2) Submittal to congress.--At the same time as the budget 
        of the President for fiscal year 2022 is submitted to Congress 
        pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, 
        the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
        results of the review and independent cost estimate conducted 
        under paragraph (1).
    (b) Air Force Briefing Requirement.--Section 147(g) of the John S. 
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public 
Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1670) is amended by adding at the end the 
following: ``Each briefing shall include a detailed explanation of any 
on-ramp exercise of the Advanced Battle Management System conducted 
during the quarter covered by the report, including an explanation of--
            ``(1) the objectives achieved by the exercise;
            ``(2) the realism of the exercise, including identification 
        of the portions of the exercise that were scripted and 
        unscripted and any technical workarounds or substitutes used 
        for purposes of the exercise;
            ``(3) the interim capabilities provided to combatant 
        commanders after the conclusion of the exercise (commonly known 
        as `leave behind' capabilities) and a plan for the sustainment 
        or upgrade of such capabilities; and
            ``(4) the total cost of the exercise and a breakdown of the 
        costs with respect to technology, range and demonstration 
        resources, personnel, and logistics.''.
    (c) Reports.--Not later than December 20, 2020, the Secretary of 
the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees the 
following reports on the Advanced Battle Management System:
            (1) Report on planned capabilities.--A report on the 
        planned product line capabilities of the Advanced Battle 
        Management System, including--
                    (A) a description of the technologies needed to 
                implement and achieve such product line capabilities;
                    (B) a timeline for the technical maturation of such 
                product line capabilities; and
                    (C) a notional schedule for fielding such product 
                line capabilities over the period covered by the 
                current future-years defense program under section 221 
                of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) Report on acquisition authorities.--A report on the 
        allocation of responsibilities among the individuals and 
        entities responsible for acquisition for the Advanced Battle 
        Management System, including an explanation of how decision-
        making and governance of the acquisition process is allocated 
        among the Chief Architect Integration Office and other entities 
        that are expected provide capabilities for the System.
            (3) Report on alignment with common mission control 
        center.--A report, which may be submitted in classified or 
        unclassified form, that explains how, and to what extent, the 
        Advanced Battle Management System will be aligned and 
        coordinated with the Common Mission Control Center of the Air 
        Force.
    (d) Report on Security Measures.--At the same time as the budget of 
the President for fiscal year 2022 is submitted to Congress pursuant to 
section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary of the 
Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
that describes how the Secretary plans to ensure the security of the 
Advanced Battle Management System, including a description of any 
information assurance and anti-tamper requirements for the System.
    (e) Advanced Battle Management System Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``Advanced Battle Management System'' has the meaning given 
that term in section 236(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1281).

SEC. 228. MEASURES TO ADDRESS FOREIGN TALENT PROGRAMS.

    (a) List of Programs.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
maintain a list of foreign talent programs that pose a threat to the 
national security interests of the United States, as determined by the 
Secretary.
    (b) Criteria.--In developing the list under subsection (a), the 
Secretary of Defense shall consider--
            (1) the extent to which a foreign talent program--
                    (A) poses a threat to research funded by the 
                Department of Defense; and
                    (B) engages in, or facilitates, cyber attacks, 
                theft, espionage, or otherwise interferes in the 
                affairs of the United States; and
            (2) any other factors the Secretary determines appropriate.
    (c) Information to Congress.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a copy of the list developed under subsection (a).
    (d) Publication in Federal Register.--Not later than 30 days after 
making the submission required under subsection (c), the Secretary of 
Defense shall publish the list developed under subsection (a) in the 
Federal Register.
    (e) Notice and Comment Period.--The list developed under subsection 
(a), and any guidance, rules, updates, or other requirements relating 
to such list, shall not take effect until such list, or any such 
guidance, rules, updates, or other requirements (as the case may be) 
have been--
            (1) published in the Federal Register; and
            (2) open for public comment for a period of not less than 
        60 days.
    (f) Foreign Talent Program Defined.--In this section, the term 
``foreign talent program'' has the meaning given that term for purposes 
of section 1286 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).

SEC. 229. DISCLOSURE OF FOREIGN FUNDING SOURCES IN APPLICATIONS FOR 
              FEDERAL RESEARCH AWARDS.

    (a) Disclosure Requirement.--Each Federal research agency shall 
require--
            (1) any individual applying for funds from that agency as a 
        principal investigator or co-principal investigator under a 
        grant or cooperative agreement to disclose all current and 
        pending support and the sources of such support at the time of 
        the application for funds; and
            (2) any institution of higher education applying for funds 
        from that agency to certify that every principal investigator 
        or co-principal investigator who is employed by the institution 
        of higher education and is applying for such funds has been 
        made aware of the requirement under paragraph (1).
    (b) Consistency.--The Director of the Office of Science and 
Technology Policy, acting through the National Science and Technology 
Council and in accordance with the authority provided under section 
1746 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 
(Public Law 116-92; 42 U.S.C. 6601 note) shall ensure that the 
requirements issued by Federal research agencies under subsection (a) 
are consistent.
    (c) Enforcement.--
            (1) In general.--In the event that an individual or entity 
        violates the disclosure requirements under subsection (a), a 
        Federal research agency may take one or more of the following 
        actions against such individual or entity:
                    (A) Reject an application for a grant or 
                cooperative agreement because the disclosed current and 
                pending support violates agency terms and conditions.
                    (B) Reject an application for a grant or 
                cooperative agreement because current and pending 
                support have not been disclosed as required under 
                subsection (a).
                    (C) Temporarily or permanently discontinue any or 
                all funding from that agency for any principal 
                investigator or co-principal investigator who has 
                failed to properly disclose current and pending support 
                pursuant to subsection (a).
                    (D) Temporarily or permanently suspend or debar a 
                researcher, in accordance with part 180 of title 2, 
                Code of Federal Regulations, from receiving funding 
                from that agency when failure to disclose current and 
                pending support pursuant to subsection (a) as done 
                knowingly and willfully.
                    (E) Refer a failure to disclose under subsection 
                (a) to Federal law enforcement authorities to determine 
                whether any criminal statutes have been violated.
            (2) Notice.--A Federal research agency intending to take 
        action under any of subparagraph (A), (B), (C), or (D) of 
        paragraph (1) shall notify the institution of higher education, 
        principal investigator and any co-principal investigators 
        subject to such action about the specific reason for the 
        action, and shall provide the institution, principal 
        investigator, and co-principal investigator, as applicable, 
        with the opportunity and a process by which to contest the 
        proposed action.
            (3) Evidentiary standards.--A Federal research agency 
        seeking suspension or debarment under paragraph (1)(D) shall 
        abide by the procedures and evidentiary standards set forth in 
        part 180 of title 2, Code of Federal Regulations.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Current and pending support.--The term ``current and 
        pending support'' means all resources made available to an 
        individual in direct support of the individual's research 
        efforts, regardless of whether such resources have monetary 
        value, and includes in-kind contributions requiring a 
        commitment of time and directly supporting the individual's 
        research efforts, such as the provision of office or laboratory 
        space, equipment, supplies, employees, and students.
            (2) Institution of higher education.--The term 
        ``institution of higher education'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
        U.S.C. 1001).
            (3) Federal research agency.--The term ``Federal research 
        agency'' includes the following and any organizations and 
        elements thereof:
                    (A) The Department of Agriculture.
                    (B) The Department of Commerce.
                    (C) The Department of Defense.
                    (D) The Department of Education.
                    (E) The Department of Energy.
                    (F) The Department of Health and Human Services.
                    (G) The Department of Homeland Security.
                    (H) The Department of Transportation.
                    (I) The Environmental Protection Agency.
                    (J) The National Aeronautics and Space 
                Administration.
                    (K) The National Science Foundation.

SEC. 230. LIMITATIONS RELATING TO LARGE UNMANNED SURFACE VESSELS AND 
              ASSOCIATED OFFENSIVE WEAPON SYSTEMS.

    (a) Limitation on Availability of Funds for LUSV.--
            (1) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be 
        appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal 
        year 2021 for the Department of the Navy for the procurement of 
        a large unmanned surface vessel may be obligated or expended 
        until a period of 60 days has elapsed following the date on 
        which the Secretary of the Navy submits to the congressional 
        defense committees the certification described in paragraph 
        (2).
            (2) Certification described.--The certification described 
        in this paragraph is a written statement of the Secretary of 
        the Navy certifying, with respect to any large unmanned surface 
        vessel to be procured by the Secretary, the following:
                    (A) A hull system, a mechanical system, and an 
                electrical system have been developed for the vessel 
                and each system--
                            (i) has attained a technology readiness 
                        level of seven or greater; and
                            (ii) can be operated autonomously for a 
                        minimum of 30 days.
                    (B) A command control system has been developed for 
                the vessel and the system--
                            (i) can be operated autonomously;
                            (ii) includes autonomous detection; and
                            (iii) has attained a technology readiness 
                        level of seven or greater.
                    (C) A detailed plan has been developed for 
                measuring and demonstrating the reliability of the 
                vessel.
                    (D) All payloads expected to be carried on the 
                vessel have attained a technology readiness level of 
                seven or greater.
    (b) Limitation on LUSV Weapon Integration.--The Secretary of the 
Navy may not integrate any offensive weapon system into a large 
unmanned surface vessel until the date on which the Secretary of the 
Defense certifies to the congressional defense committees that any 
large unmanned surface vessel that employs offensive weapons will 
comply with the law of armed conflict. Such certification shall include 
a detailed explanation of how such compliance will be achieved.

SEC. 231. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS PENDING REVIEW AND REPORT 
              ON NEXT GENERATION AIR DOMINANCE CAPABILITIES.

    (a) Limitation on Air Force Funds.--Of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
2021 for the next generation air dominance initiative of the Air Force, 
not more than 85 percent may be obligated or expended until the date on 
which the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation submits 
the report required under subsection (d)(1).
    (b) Limitation on Navy Funds.--Of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
2021 for the next generation air dominance initiative of the Navy, not 
more than 85 percent may be obligated or expended until the date on 
which the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation submits 
the report required under subsection (d)(2).
    (c) Reviews.--
            (1) In general.--The Director of Cost Assessment and 
        Program Evaluation shall conduct--
                    (A) a non-advocate review of the next generation 
                air dominance initiative of the Air Force; and
                    (B) a non-advocate review of the next generation 
                air dominance initiative of the Navy.
            (2) Elements.--Each review under paragraph (1) shall 
        include an assessment of--
                    (A) all risks associated with cost, schedule, 
                development, integration, production, fielding, and 
                sustainment of next generation air dominance 
                capabilities;
                    (B) the technological maturity of significant 
                hardware and software efforts planned or carried out as 
                part of the development of such capabilities; and
                    (C) affordability goals that the Air Force and the 
                Navy (as the case may be) will be required to achieve 
                during development, production, and sustainment 
                activities for such capabilities that will not 
                jeopardize or otherwise be detrimental to other high-
                priority future capabilities being developed and 
                procured to support and execute other primary core 
                competencies and missions.
    (d) Reports.--The Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
Evaluation shall submit to the congressional defense committees--
            (1) a report on the results of the review conducted under 
        subsection (c)(1)(A) with respect to the Air Force; and
            (2) a report on the results of the review conducted under 
        subsection (c)(1)(B) with respect to the Navy.

SEC. 232. MODIFICATION OF MECHANISMS FOR EXPEDITED ACCESS TO TECHNICAL 
              TALENT AND EXPERTISE AT ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS.

    Section 217 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2), by inserting ``training,'' after 
        ``management,'';
            (2) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in paragraph (28) by striking ``Infrastructure 
                resilience'' and inserting ``Additive manufacturing'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (30) as paragraph 
                (33); and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (29) the following 
                new paragraphs:
            ``(30) Corrosion prevention and control.
            ``(31) Advanced manufacturing for metal casting.
            ``(32) 3D and virtual technology training platforms.'';
            (3) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsection 
        (g) and (h), respectively;
            (4) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(f) Requirement To Establish Consortia.--
            ``(1) In general.--In carrying out subsection (a)(1)--
                    ``(A) the Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
                establish at least one multi-institution consortium 
                through the Office of the Secretary of Defense;
                    ``(B) the Secretary of the Army shall seek to 
                establish at least one multi-institution consortium 
                through the Army;
                    ``(C) the Secretary of the Navy shall seek to 
                establish at least one multi-institution consortium 
                through the Navy; and
                    ``(D) the Secretary of the Air Force shall seek to 
                establish at least one multi-institution consortium 
                through the Air Force.
            ``(2) Report required.--Not later than September 30, 2022, 
        the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report on the status of the efforts to 
        establish consortia under paragraph (1).''; and
            (5) in subsection (g), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``2022'' and inserting ``2026''.

SEC. 233. DESIGNATION OF ACADEMIC LIAISON TO PROTECT AGAINST EMERGING 
              THREATS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall do the 
following:
            (1) Designate an official serving within the Office of the 
        Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering to work 
        with the academic and research communities to protect academic 
        research funded by the Department of Defense from undue foreign 
        influences and threats.
            (2) Set forth the responsibilities of the official 
        designated under paragraph (1), including--
                    (A) serving as the liaison of the Department of 
                Defense with the academic and research communities;
                    (B) carrying out initiatives of the Department 
                related to the protection of academic research funded 
                by the Department from undue foreign influences and 
                threats, including the initiatives established under 
                section 1286 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
                for Fiscal Year 2019 (10 U.S.C. 2358 note);
                    (C) not less frequently than once a year, 
                conducting outreach and education activities for the 
                academic and research community about undue foreign 
                influences and threats to academic research that is 
                funded by the Department;
                    (D) coordinating and aligning the policies relating 
                to academic research security of--
                            (i) the elements of the Department 
                        specified in section 111(b) of title 10, United 
                        States Code;
                            (ii) the intelligence community;
                            (iii) Federal science agencies;
                            (iv) the Office of Science and Technology 
                        Policy; and
                            (v) Federal regulatory agencies; and
                    (E) working with the intelligence community to the 
                maximum extent practicable to share with the academic 
                and research communities, at least annually, 
                unclassified information, including counterintelligence 
                information, on threats from undue foreign influences.
    (b) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed as authorizing the official designated under subsection 
(a)(1) to classify academic research in a manner that is inconsistent 
with the policies of the Department of Defense or the National Security 
Decision Directive Numbered 189 of September 21, 1985, titled 
``National Policy on the Transfer of Scientific, Technical and 
Engineering Information'', or any successor directive.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Federal regulatory agencies.--The term ``Federal 
        regulatory agencies'' means the Department of Defense, the 
        Department of Commerce, the Department of State, the Department 
        of Justice, the Department of Energy, the Department of the 
        Treasury, the Department of Homeland Security, and the National 
        Archives and Records Administration.
            (2) Federal science agencies.--The term ``Federal science 
        agencies'' means each agency (as such term is defined in 
        section 551 of title 5, United States Code) that obligated or 
        expended not less than $100,000,000 in the previous fiscal year 
        for research and development.
            (3) Intelligence community.--the term ``intelligence 
        community'' has the meaning given such term in section 3 of the 
        National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003).

  Subtitle C--Emerging Technology and Artificial Intelligence Matters

SEC. 241. STEERING COMMITTEE ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established in the executive branch a 
steering committee on emerging technology and national security threats 
(referred to in this section as the ``Steering Committee'').
    (b) Membership.--The Steering Committee shall be composed of the 
following:
            (1) The Deputy Secretary of Defense.
            (2) The Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
            (3) The Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and 
        Security.
            (4) Such other officials of the Department of Defense as 
        are jointly appointed to Steering Committee by the officials 
        specified in paragraphs (1) through (3).
    (c) Co-Chairs.--The officials specified in paragraphs (1) through 
(3) of subsection (b) shall serve as co-chairs of the Steering 
Committee.
    (d) Staff and Support Services.--Upon request of the co-chairs, the 
Department of Defense shall provide to the Steering Committee, on a 
reimbursable basis, such staff and administrative support services as 
are necessary for the Committee to carry out its responsibilities under 
this section.
    (e) Responsibilities.--The Steering Committee shall be responsible 
for--
            (1) developing a strategic vision for the organizational 
        change, concept and capability development, and technology 
        investments in emerging technologies that are needed to 
        maintain the technological edge of the military and 
        intelligence community of the United States;
            (2) providing credible assessments of emerging threats and 
        identifying investments and advances in emerging technology 
        undertaken by adversaries of the United States;
            (3) making recommendations to the Secretary of Defense on--
                    (A) the implementation of the strategy developed 
                under to paragraph (1); and
                    (B) steps that may be taken to address the threats 
                identified under to paragraph (2);
            (4) coordinating with the Joint Committee on Research 
        Environments of the National Science and Technology Council;
            (5) ensuring emerging technologies procured and used by the 
        military will be tested for algorithmic bias and discriminatory 
        outcomes; and
            (6) carrying out such other activities as are assigned to 
        the Steering Committee by the Secretary of Defense.
    (f) Coordination With JAIC.--The co-chairs shall coordinate the 
activities of the Steering Committee with the activities of the Board 
of Directors of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center established 
under section 224, as appropriate.
    (g) Deepfake Working Group.--
            (1) In general.--The co-chairs stall establish a working 
        group, in coordination with the Defense Advanced Research 
        Project Agency and such other departments and agencies of the 
        Federal Government as the co-chairs deem appropriate, to--
                    (A) inform the Steering Committee's activities with 
                respect to the national security implications of 
                machine-manipulated media (commonly known as 
                ``deepfakes'');
                    (B) assess the Federal Government's capabilities 
                with respect to technologies to detect, or otherwise 
                counter and combat, machine-manipulated media and other 
                advanced image manipulation methods;
                    (C) assess the machine-manipulated media 
                capabilities of foreign countries and non-state actors, 
                with particular emphasis on the People's Republic of 
                China and the Russian Federation; and
                    (D) provide recommendations to the Steering 
                Committee on the matters described in subparagraphs (A) 
                through (C).
            (2) Machine-manipulated media defined.--In this subsection, 
        the term ``machine-manipulated media'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 5724(d) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92).
    (h) Emerging Technology Defined.--In this section, the term 
``emerging technology'' means technology determined to be in an 
emerging phase of development by the Secretary of Defense, including 
quantum computing, technology for the analysis of large and diverse 
sets of data (commonly known as ``big data analytics''), artificial 
intelligence (including deepfake videos and related technologies), 
autonomous technology, robotics, directed energy, hypersonics, 
biotechnology, distributed ledger technology, and such other technology 
as may be identified by the Secretary.

SEC. 242. TRAINING FOR HUMAN RESOURCES PERSONNEL IN ARTIFICIAL 
              INTELLIGENCE AND RELATED TOPICS.

    (a) Department of Defense.--
            (1) Training program.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        develop and implement a program to provide covered human 
        resources personnel with training in the fields of software 
        development, data science, and artificial intelligence, as such 
        fields related to the duties of such personnel.
            (2) Elements.--The training provided under paragraph (1) 
        shall include--
                    (A) a generalist's introduction to--
                            (i) software development and business 
                        processes;
                            (ii) data management practices related to 
                        machine learning;
                            (iii) machine learning, deep learning, and 
                        artificial intelligence;
                            (iv) artificial intelligence workforce 
                        roles; and
                            (v) cybersecurity and secure software 
                        development; and
                    (B) training in the authorities and procedures that 
                may be used to recruit software developers, data 
                scientists, and artificial intelligence professionals, 
                including direct hiring authorities, excepted service 
                authorities, the Intergovernmental Personnel Act of 
                1970 (42 U.S.C. 4701 et seq.), and authorities for 
                hiring special government employees and highly 
                qualified experts.
            (3) Certificate of completion.--The Secretary of Defense 
        shall issue a certificate of completion to each individual who 
        successfully completes the training provided under paragraph 
        (1), as determined by the Secretary.
            (4) Implementation.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        implement the training program under paragraph (1) as follows:
                    (A) In the first year in which the training program 
                is carried out, the Secretary shall ensure that not 
                less than 20 percent of covered human resource 
                personnel complete the program.
                    (B) In each year of the training program after the 
                first year, the Secretary shall ensure that not less 
                than an additional 10 percent of covered human 
                resources personnel complete the program until 80 
                percent of such personnel have completed the program.
                    (C) After achieving the 80 percent completion rate 
                specified in subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall 
                ensure, in each year, that not less than 80 percent of 
                covered human resources personnel have completed the 
                training program.
    (b) Covered Human Resources Personnel Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``covered human resources personnel'' means members of the 
Armed Forces and civilian employees of the Department of Defense, 
including human resources professionals, hiring managers, and 
recruiters, who are responsible for hiring software developers, data 
scientists, or artificial intelligence professionals for the 
Department.

SEC. 243. UNCLASSIFIED WORKSPACES FOR PERSONNEL WITH PENDING SECURITY 
              CLEARANCES.

    (a) Guidance Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue 
guidance to ensure, to the extent practicable, that all facilities the 
Department of Defense at which covered personnel perform work functions 
have unclassified workspaces.
    (b) Use of Workspaces by Other Personnel.--The guidance issued 
under subsection (a) shall include guidelines under which appropriately 
screened individuals other than covered personnel, such as interns and 
visiting experts, may use unclassified workspaces on a space-available 
basis.
    (c) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the issuance of 
the guidance under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report that includes--
            (1) a plan for implementing the guidance;
            (2) a description of how existing facilities may be 
        modified to accommodate unclassified workspaces; and
            (3) identification of any impediments to making 
        unclassified workspace available as described in subsection 
        (a).
    (d) Definitions.--
            (1) In this section, the term ``unclassified workspace'' 
        means a workspace at which unclassified work may be performed.
            (2) The term ``covered personnel'' means a member of the 
        Armed Forces or a civilian employee of the Department of 
        Defense who has applied for, but who has not yet received, a 
        security clearance.

SEC. 244. PILOT PROGRAM ON THE USE OF ELECTRONIC PORTFOLIOS TO EVALUATE 
              APPLICANTS FOR CERTAIN TECHNICAL POSITIONS.

    (a) Pilot Program.--Beginning not later than 1 year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
a pilot program under which applicants for technical positions within 
the Department of Defense will be evaluated, in part, based on 
electronic portfolios of the applicant's work, as described in 
subsection (b).
    (b) Activities.--Under the pilot program, the human resources 
manager of an organization of the Department of Defense participating 
in the program, in consultation with relevant subject matter experts, 
shall assess each applicant for a technical position in the 
organization by reviewing an electronic portfolio of the applicant's 
best work, as selected by the applicant.
    (c) Scope of Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out the 
pilot program under subsection (a) in at least one major command of 
each military department.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the commencement of the 
pilot program under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the results 
of the program. At a minimum, the report shall describe--
            (1) how the use of electronic portfolios in the hiring 
        process affected the timeliness of the hiring process for 
        technical positions in organizations of the Department of 
        Defense participating in the program; and
            (2) the level of satisfaction of organization leaders, 
        hiring authorities, and subject matter experts with the quality 
        of applicants that were hired based on evaluations of 
        electronic portfolios.
    (e) Technical Position Defined.--In this section, the term 
``technical position'' means a position in the Department of Defense 
requiring expertise in artificial intelligence, data science, or 
software development.
    (f) Termination.--The authority to carry out the pilot program 
under subsection (a) shall terminate 5 years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

SEC. 245. SELF-DIRECTED TRAINING IN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.

    (a) Online Artificial Intelligence Courses.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall make available a list of approved online courses relating 
to artificial intelligence that may be taken by civilian employees of 
the Department of Defense and members of the Armed Forces on a 
voluntary basis while not engaged in the performance of their duties.
    (b) Documentation of Completion.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
develop and implement a system--
            (1) to confirm whether a civilian employee of the 
        Department of Defense or member of the Armed Forces has 
        completed an online course approved by the Secretary under 
        paragraph (1); and
            (2) to document the completion of such course in the 
        personnel file of such employee or member.
    (c) Reward System.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
implement a system to reward civilian employees of the Department of 
Defense and members of the Armed Forces who complete an online course 
approved by the Secretary under paragraph (1), which may include--
            (1) for a member of the Armed Forces, a 24-hour pass which 
        may be used on a stand-alone basis or in conjunction with other 
        leave, holiday, or weekend periods; and
            (2) for a civilian employees of the Department, up to 8 
        hours of additional leave.
    (d) Deadline.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out the 
activities described in subparagraphs (a) through (c) not later than 
180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 246. PART-TIME AND TERM EMPLOYMENT OF UNIVERSITY PROFESSORS AND 
              STUDENTS IN THE DEFENSE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
              ENTERPRISE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, jointly with the 
Secretaries of the military departments, and in consultation with the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, shall establish a 
program under which qualified professors and students may be employed 
on a part-time or term basis in an organization of the Defense science 
and technology enterprise for the purpose of conducting a research 
project.
    (b) Selection.--
            (1) Selection and hiring.--The head of an organization in 
        the Defense science and technology enterprise at which 
        positions are made available under subsection (a) shall be 
        responsible for selecting qualified professors and students to 
        fill such positions.
            (2) Selection criteria.--A qualified professor or student 
        shall be selected for participation in the program under 
        subsection (a) based on the following criteria:
                    (A) In the case of a qualified professor--
                            (i) the academic credentials and research 
                        experience of the professor; and
                            (ii) the extent to which the research 
                        proposed to be carried out by the professor 
                        will contribute to the objectives of the 
                        Department of Defense.
                    (B) In the case of qualified student assisting a 
                professor with a research project under the program--
                            (i) the academic credentials and other 
                        qualifications of the student; and
                            (ii) the ability of the student to carry 
                        out the responsibilities assigned to the 
                        student as part of the project.
    (c) Implementation.--
            (1) Minimum number of positions.--In the first year of the 
        program under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall 
        establish not fewer than 10 positions for qualified professors. 
        Not fewer than five of such positions shall be reserved for 
        qualified professors to conduct research in the fields of 
        artificial intelligence and machine learning.
            (2) Authorities.--In carrying out the program under 
        subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense and the heads of 
        organizations in the Defense science and technology enterprise 
        may--
                    (A) use any hiring authority available to the 
                Secretary or the head of such an organization;
                    (B) enter into cooperative research and development 
                agreements under section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler 
                Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a); 
                and
                    (C) pay referral bonuses to professors or students 
                participating in the program who identify--
                            (i) students to assist in a research 
                        project under the program; or
                            (ii) students or recent graduates to 
                        participate in other programs in the Defense 
                        science and technology enterprise, including 
                        internships at Department of Defense 
                        Laboratories and in the Pathways Program of the 
                        Department.
    (d) Reports to Congress.--
            (1) Initial report.--Not later than 30 days after the 
        conclusion of the first year of the program under subsection 
        (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report on the status of the program. The 
        report shall include--
                    (A) identification of the number of qualified 
                professors and students employed under the program;
                    (B) identification of the organizations in the 
                Defense science and technology enterprise that employed 
                such individuals; and
                    (C) a description of the types of research 
                conducted by such individuals.
            (2) Subsequent reports.--Not later than 30 days after the 
        conclusion of the second and third years of the program under 
        subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the progress of 
        the program. Each report shall include--
                    (A) the information described in subparagraphs (A) 
                through (C) of paragraph (1);
                    (B) the results of any research projects conducted 
                under the program; and
                    (C) the number of students and recent graduates 
                who, pursuant to a reference from a professor or 
                student participating in the program as described in 
                subsection (c)(2)(C), were hired by the Department of 
                Defense or selected for participation in another 
                program in the Defense science and technology 
                enterprise.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``Defense science and technology enterprise'' 
        means--
                    (A) the research organizations of the military 
                departments;
                    (B) the science and technology reinvention 
                laboratories (as designated under section 1105 of the 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 
                (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note));
                    (C) the facilities of the Major Range and Test 
                Facility Base (as defined in section 2358a(f)(3) of 
                title 10, United States Code);
                    (D) the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; 
                and
                    (E) such other organizations as the Secretary of 
                Defense determines appropriate for inclusion in the 
                enterprise.
            (2) The term ``institution of higher education'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 101 of the Higher Education 
        Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).
            (3) The term ``qualified professor'' means a professor of 
        an institution of higher education who has expertise in 
        science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.
            (4) The term ``qualified student'' means a student of an 
        institution of higher education selected by a qualified 
        professor to assist the professor in conducting research.

SEC. 247. MICROELECTRONICS AND NATIONAL SECURITY.

    (a) Modification of Strategy for Assured Access to Trusted 
Microelectronics.--Section 231 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``September 30, 2019'' 
        and inserting ``December 30, 2020'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraphs:
            ``(10) An approach to ensuring the continuing production of 
        cutting-edge microelectronics for national security needs, 
        including state-of-the-art node sizes, heterogeneous 
        integration, advantaged sensor manufacturing, boutique chip 
        designs, and variable volume production capabilities.
            ``(11) An assessment of current microelectronics supply 
        chain management practices, existing risks, and actions that 
        may be carried out to mitigate such risks by organizations in 
        the defense industrial base.
            ``(12) A plan for increasing commercialization of 
        intellectual property developed by the Department of Defense 
        for commercial microelectronics research and development.
            ``(13) An assessment of the feasibility, usefulness, 
        efficacy, and cost of--
                    ``(A) developing a national laboratory exclusively 
                focused on the research and development of 
                microelectronics to serve as a center for Federal 
                Government expertise in high-performing, trusted 
                microelectronics and as a hub for Federal Government 
                research into breakthrough microelectronics-related 
                technologies; and
                    ``(B) incorporating into such national laboratory a 
                commercial incubator to provide early-stage 
                microelectronics startups, which face difficulties 
                scaling due to the high costs of microelectronics 
                design and fabrication, with access to funding 
                resources, fabrication facilities, design tools, and 
                shared intellectual property.
            ``(14) Such other matters as the Secretary of Defense 
        determines to be relevant.'';
            (3) in subsection (d), by striking ``September 30, 2019'' 
        and inserting ``December 30, 2020''; and
            (4) in subsection (e), by striking ``September 30, 2019'' 
        and inserting ``December 30, 2020''.
    (b) Advisory Panel on Microelectronics Leadership and 
Competitiveness.--
            (1) Establishment.--Not later than 30 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the President, in consultation 
        with the National Security Council, the National Economic 
        Council, and the Office of Science and Technology Policy, shall 
        establish an advisory panel on microelectronics leadership and 
        competitiveness (referred to in this subsection as the 
        ``Advisory Panel'').
            (2) Membership.--The Advisory Panel shall be composed of 
        the following members:
                    (A) The Secretary of Defense.
                    (B) The Secretary of Energy.
                    (C) The Director of the National Science 
                Foundation.
                    (D) The Director of the National Institute of 
                Standards and Technology.
                    (E) The heads of such other departments and 
                agencies of the Federal Government as the President, in 
                consultation with the National Security Council, 
                determines appropriate.
            (3) National strategy.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
                date on which the Advisory Panel is established, the 
                Panel shall develop a national strategy to--
                            (i) accelerate the development and 
                        deployment of state-of-the-art 
                        microelectronics; and
                            (ii) ensure that the United States is a 
                        global leader in the field of microelectronics.
                    (B) Elements.--The strategy developed under 
                subparagraph (A) shall address the following:
                            (i) Activities that may be carried out to 
                        strengthen engagement and outreach between the 
                        Department of Defense and industry, academia, 
                        international partners of the United States, 
                        and other departments and agencies of the 
                        Federal Government on issues relating to 
                        microelectronics.
                            (ii) Science, technology, research, and 
                        development efforts to facilitate the 
                        advancement and adoption of microelectronics 
                        and new uses of microelectronics and 
                        components, including efforts to--
                                    (I) accelerate leap-ahead research, 
                                development, and innovation in 
                                microelectronics; and
                                    (II) deploy heterogeneously 
                                integrated microelectronics for machine 
                                learning and other applications.
                            (iii) The role of diplomacy and trade in 
                        maintaining the position of the United States 
                        as a global leader in the field of 
                        microelectronics, including the feasibility and 
                        advisability of--
                                    (I) implementing multilateral 
                                export controls tailored through direct 
                                coordination with key allies of the 
                                United States, including through the 
                                Wassenaar Arrangement and other 
                                multilateral fora, for specific 
                                semiconductor manufacturing equipment 
                                such as extreme ultraviolet 
                                photolithography equipment and argon 
                                fluoride immersion photolithography 
                                equipment;
                                    (II) additional trade enforcement 
                                actions that may be initiated by the 
                                United States to address any unfair or 
                                excessive foreign semiconductor subsidy 
                                programs or other unfair 
                                microelectronics trade practices; and
                                    (III) the elimination of any trade 
                                barriers or unilateral export controls 
                                that harm United States companies 
                                without producing a substantial benefit 
                                to the competitiveness or national 
                                security of the United States.
                            (iv) The potential role of a national 
                        laboratory and incubator exclusively focused on 
                        the research and development of 
                        microelectronics, as described in section 
                        231(b)(13) of the National Defense 
                        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public 
                        Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) (as added by 
                        subsection (a)) in carrying out the strategy 
                        and plan required subparagraph (A).
                            (v) Such other activities as the Panel 
                        determines may be appropriate to overcome 
                        looming challenges to the innovation, 
                        competitiveness, and supply chain integrity of 
                        the United States in the area of 
                        microelectonics.
    (c) Briefings.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act--
            (1) the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
        congressional defense committees a briefing on the progress of 
        the Secretary in developing the strategy and implementation 
        plan required under section 231(a) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 
        U.S.C. 2302 note); and
            (2) the Assistant to the President for National Security 
        Affairs shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
        briefing on the progress of the Advisory Panel in developing 
        the strategy required under subsection (b)(3).
    (d) Advanced Manufacturing Incentives.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in 
        consultation with the Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of 
        Homeland Security, and the Director of National Intelligence, 
        work with the private sector through a public-private 
        partnership, including by incentivizing the formation of a 
        consortium of United States companies, to ensure the 
        development and production of advanced, measurably secure 
        microelectronics. Such work may include providing incentives 
        for the creation, expansion, or modernization of one or more 
        commercially competitive and sustainable semiconductors 
        manufacturing or advanced research and development facilities.
            (2) Risk mitigation requirements.--A participant in a 
        consortium formed with incentives under paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) have the potential to perform fabrication, 
                assembly, package, or test functions for semiconductors 
                deemed critical to national security as defined by 
                export control regulatory agencies in consultation with 
                the National Security Adviser and the Secretary of 
                Defense;
                    (B) demonstrate management processes to identify 
                and mitigate supply chain security risks; and
                    (C) be able to produce semiconductors consistent 
                with applicable measurably secure supply chain and 
                operational security standards established under 
                section 224(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
                Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92).
            (3) National security considerations.--The Secretary of 
        Defense and the Director of National Intelligence shall select 
        participants for the consortium formed with incentives under 
        paragraph (1). In selecting such participants, the Secretary 
        and the Director may jointly consider whether the United States 
        companies--
                    (A) have participated in previous programs and 
                projects of the Department of Defense, Department of 
                Energy, or the intelligence community, including--
                            (i) the Trusted Integrated Circuit program 
                        of the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects 
                        Activity;
                            (ii) trusted and assured semiconductors 
                        projects, as administered by the Department of 
                        Defense;
                            (iii) the Electronics Resurgence Initiative 
                        (ERI) program of the Defense Advanced Research 
                        Projects Agency; or
                            (iv) relevant semiconductor research 
                        programs of Advanced Research Projects Agency-
                        Energy;
                    (B) have demonstrated an ongoing commitment to 
                performing contracts for the Department of Defense and 
                the intelligence community;
                    (C) are approved by the Defense Counterintelligence 
                and Security Agency or the Office of the Director of 
                National Intelligence as presenting an acceptable 
                security risk, taking into account supply chain 
                assurance vulnerabilities, counterintelligence risks, 
                and any risks presented by companies whose owners are 
                located outside the United States; and
                    (D) are evaluated periodically for foreign 
                ownership, control, or influence by foreign entities of 
                concern.
            (4) Nontraditional defense contractors and commercial 
        entities.--Arrangements entered into to carry out paragraph (1) 
        shall be in such form as the Secretary of Defense determines 
        appropriate to encourage industry participation of 
        nontraditional defense contractors or commercial entities and 
        may include a contract, a grant, a cooperative agreement, a 
        commercial agreement, the use of other transaction authority 
        under section 2371 of title 10, United States Code, or another 
        such arrangement.
            (5) Discharge.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
        paragraph (1) jointly through the Office of the Under Secretary 
        of Defense for Research and Engineering and the Office of the 
        Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, or 
        such other component of the Department of Defense as the 
        Secretary considers appropriate.
            (6) Other initiatives.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        dedicate initiatives within the Department of Defense to 
        advance radio frequency, mixed signal, radiation tolerant, and 
        radiation hardened semiconductors that support national 
        security and dual-use applications.
            (7) Reports.--
                    (A) Report by secretary of defense.--Not later than 
                90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
                the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a 
                report on the plans of the Secretary to carry out 
                paragraph (1).
                    (B) Biennial reports by comptroller general of the 
                united states.--Not later than 1 year after the date on 
                which the Secretary submits the report required by 
                subparagraph (A) and not less frequently than once 
                every 2 years thereafter for a period of 10 years, the 
                Comptroller General of the United States shall submit 
                to Congress a report on the activities carried out 
                under this subsection.
    (e) Report Under the Defense Production Act of 1950.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to 
        Congress a report on a plan for any use of authorities 
        available in title III of the Defense Production Act of 1950 
        (50 U.S.C. 4531 et seq.) to establish or enhance a domestic 
        production capability for microelectronic technologies and 
        related technologies, subject to--
                    (A) the availability of appropriations for that 
                purpose; and
                    (B) a determination made under the plan pursuant to 
                such title III that such technologies are essential to 
                the national defense.
            (2) Consultation.--The President shall develop the plan 
        required by paragraph (1) in consultation with any relevant 
        head of a Federal agency, any advisory committee established 
        under section 708(a) of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (50 
        U.S.C. 4558), and appropriate stakeholders in the private 
        sector.

SEC. 248. ACQUISITION OF ETHICALLY AND RESPONSIBLY DEVELOPED ARTIFICIAL 
              INTELLIGENCE TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) Assessment Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Board of Directors of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center 
established under section 224, shall conduct an assessment to determine 
whether the Department of Defense has the ability to ensure that any 
artificial intelligence technology acquired by the Department is 
ethically and responsibly developed.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment conducted under subsection (a) shall 
address the following:
            (1) Whether the Department of Defense has personnel with 
        sufficient expertise, across multiple disciplines, to ensure 
        the acquisition of ethically and responsibly developed 
        artificial intelligence technology, including personnel with 
        sufficient ethical, legal, and technical expertise to advise on 
        the acquisition of such technology.
            (2) The feasibility and advisability of retaining outside 
        experts as consultants to assist the Department in filling any 
        gaps in expertise identified under paragraph (1).
            (3) The extent to which existing acquisition processes 
        encourage or require consultation with relevant experts across 
        multiple disciplines within the Department to ensure that 
        artificial intelligence technology acquired by the Department 
        is ethically and responsibly developed.
            (4) Quantitative and qualitative standards for assessing 
        the extent to which experts across multiple disciplines are 
        engaged in the acquisition of artificial intelligence 
        technology by the Department.
    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date on 
        which the Secretary completes the assessment under subsection 
        (a), the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on the results of the assessment.
            (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include, based on the results of the assessment--
                    (A) an explanation of whether the Department of 
                Defense has personnel with sufficient expertise, across 
                multiple disciplines, to ensure the acquisition of 
                ethically and responsibly developed artificial 
                intelligence technology;
                    (B) an explanation of whether the Department has 
                adequate procedures to encourage or require the 
                consultation of such experts as part of the acquisition 
                process for artificial intelligence technology; and
                    (C) with respect to any deficiencies identified 
                under subparagraph (A) or subparagraph (B), a 
                description of any measures that have been taken, and 
                any additional resources that may be needed, to 
                mitigate such deficiencies.

SEC. 249. ENHANCEMENT OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE TALENT EXCHANGE PROGRAMS IN THE 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Public-Private Talent Exchange.--Section 1599g of title 10, 
United States Code is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(1), by amending subparagraph (C) to 
        read as follows:
                    ``(C) shall contain language ensuring that such 
                employee of the Department does not improperly use 
                information that such employee knows relates to a 
                Department acquisition, or procurement for the benefit 
                or advantage of the private-sector organization.''.
            (2) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``is deemed to be an 
                        employee of the Department of Defense for the 
                        purposes of'' and inserting ``is subject to'';
                            (ii) by striking subparagraph (D); and
                            (iii) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) 
                        and (F) as subparagraphs (D) and (E), 
                        respectively;
                    (B) by striking paragraph (4);
                    (C) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph 
                (4); and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(5) shall be required to file a Public Financial 
        Disclosure Report (OGE Form 278) and the Public Financial 
        Disclosure Report for a such a person and a description of any 
        waivers provided to such person shall be made available on a 
        publicly accessible website of the Department of Defense.''.
    (b) Application of Exchange Authority to Artificial Intelligence.--
Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense shall take steps to ensure that the authority for 
the Department of Defense to operate a public-private talent exchange 
program pursuant to section 1599g of title 10, United States Code, is 
used to exchange personnel with private sector entities working on 
artificial intelligence applications. Such application of the authority 
of section 1599g shall be in addition to, not in lieu of, any other 
application of such authority by the Department of Defense.
    (c) Goals for Program Participation.--In carrying out the 
requirement of subsection (b), the Secretary shall seek to achieve the 
following objectives:
            (1) In the Secretary of Defense Executive Fellows program, 
        the nomination of an additional five uniformed service members 
        and three government civilians by each service and by the 
        Office of the Secretary of Defense, for sponsorship by private 
        sector entities working on artificial intelligence 
        applications.
            (2) For the public-private talent exchange program of the 
        Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment--
                    (A) an additional ten government employees to work 
                with private sector entities working on artificial 
                intelligence applications; and
                    (B) an additional ten employees of private sector 
                entities working on artificial intelligence 
                applications to work in the Department.
            (3) The establishment of the following new public-private 
        talent exchange programs in the Office of the Secretary of 
        Defense, comparable to the program referred to in paragraph 
        (2)--
                    (A) in the office of the Undersecretary of Defense 
                for Research and Engineering, a program with twenty 
                participants, focused on exchanges with private sector 
                entities working on artificial intelligence 
                applications.
                    (B) in the office of the Chief Information Officer 
                of the Department of Defense, a program with twenty 
                participants, focused on exchanges with private sector 
                entities working on artificial intelligence 
                applications.
            (4) In the Army, Navy, and Marine Corps, the establishment 
        of new public-private exchange programs, comparable to the Air 
        Force Education with Industry Program, each with twenty program 
        participants, focused on private sector entities working on 
        artificial intelligence applications.
    (d) Treatment of Program Participants.--
            (1) The Army, Navy, and Marine Corps shall take steps to 
        ensure that participation by a service member in a program 
        described in subsection (c)(4) is treated, for purposes of 
        promotion boards and subsequent assignments, as equivalent to 
        attending resident professional military education.
            (2) The Secretary of Defense shall establish a public-
        private exchange program billet office to temporarily hold 
        billets for civilian employees who participate in programs 
        described in subsection (b), to ensure that participating 
        Department of Defense offices are able to retain their staffing 
        levels during the period of participation.
    (e) Briefing on Expansion of Existing Exchange Programs.--Not later 
than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually 
thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
briefing on the efforts undertaken to expand existing public-private 
exchange programs of the Department of Defense and to ensure that such 
programs seek opportunities for exchanges with private sector entities 
working on artificial intelligence applications, in accordance with the 
requirements of this section.

SEC. 250. REPORTING ON CONTRIBUTION OF DEVELOPMENT OF ARTIFICIAL 
              INTELLIGENCE STANDARDS.

    Subsection (b) of section 260 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended by adding at 
the end the following paragraph:
            ``(11) A description of efforts of the Center and the 
        Department of Defense to develop or contribute to the 
        development of artificial intelligence standards, including--
                    ``(A) the participation of the Center and the 
                Department of Defense in international and 
                multistakeholder standard-setting bodies; and
                    ``(B) collaboration between the Center and 
                Department of Defense and--
                            ``(i) other organizations and elements of 
                        the Department of Defense (including the 
                        Defense Agencies and the military departments);
                            ``(ii) agencies of the Federal Government; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) private industry (including the 
                        defense industrial base).''.

       Subtitle D--Sustainable Chemistry Research and Development

SEC. 251. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ``Sustainable Chemistry Research 
and Development Act of 2020''.

SEC. 252. FINDINGS.

    Congress finds that--
            (1) Congress recognized the importance and value of 
        sustainable chemistry in section 114 of the American Innovation 
        and Competitiveness Act (Public Law 114-329);
            (2) sustainable chemistry and materials transformation is a 
        key value contributor to business competitiveness across many 
        industrial and consumer sectors;
            (3) companies across hundreds of supply chains critical to 
        the American economy are seeking to reduce costs and open new 
        markets through innovations in manufacturing and materials, and 
        are in need of new innovations in chemistry, including 
        sustainable chemistry;
            (4) sustainable chemistry can improve the efficiency with 
        which natural resources are used to meet human needs for 
        chemical products while avoiding environmental harm, reduce or 
        eliminate the emissions of and exposures to hazardous 
        substances, minimize the use of resources, and benefit the 
        economy, people, and the environment; and
            (5) a recent report by the Government Accountability Office 
        (GAO-18-307) found that the Federal Government could play an 
        important role in helping realize the full innovation and 
        market potential of sustainable chemistry technologies, 
        including through a coordinated national effort on sustainable 
        chemistry and standardized tools and definitions to support 
        sustainable chemistry research, development, demonstration, and 
        commercialization.

SEC. 253. NATIONAL COORDINATING ENTITY FOR SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Director of the Office of Science and 
Technology Policy shall convene an interagency entity (referred to in 
this subtitle as the ``Entity'') under the National Science and 
Technology Council with the responsibility to coordinate Federal 
programs and activities in support of sustainable chemistry, including 
those described in sections 255 and 256.
    (b) Coordination With Existing Groups.--In convening the Entity, 
the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy shall 
consider overlap and possible coordination with existing committees, 
subcommittees, or other groups of the National Science and Technology 
Council, such as--
            (1) the Committee on Environment;
            (2) the Committee on Technology;
            (3) the Committee on Science; or
            (4) related groups or subcommittees.
    (c) Co-Chairs.--The Entity shall be co-chaired by the Director of 
the Office of Science and Technology Policy and a representative from 
the Environmental Protection Agency, the National Institute of 
Standards and Technology, the National Science Foundation, or the 
Department of Energy, as selected by the Director of the Office of 
Science and Technology Policy.
    (d) Agency Participation.--The Entity shall include 
representatives, including subject matter experts, from the 
Environmental Protection Agency, the National Institute of Standards 
and Technology, the National Science Foundation, the Department of 
Energy, the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Defense, the 
National Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control and 
Prevention, the Food and Drug Administration, and other related Federal 
agencies, as appropriate.
    (e) Termination.--The Entity shall terminate on the date that is 10 
years after the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 254. STRATEGIC PLAN FOR SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY.

    (a) Strategic Plan.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Entity shall--
            (1) consult with relevant stakeholders, including 
        representatives from industry, academia, national labs, the 
        Federal Government, and international entities, to develop and 
        update, as needed, a consensus definition of ``sustainable 
        chemistry'' to guide the activities under this subtitle;
            (2) develop a working framework of attributes 
        characterizing and metrics for assessing sustainable chemistry, 
        as described in subsection (b);
            (3) assess the state of sustainable chemistry in the United 
        States as a key benchmark from which progress under the 
        activities described in this subtitle can be measured, 
        including assessing key sectors of the United States economy, 
        key technology platforms, commercial priorities, and barriers 
        to innovation;
            (4) coordinate and support Federal research, development, 
        demonstration, technology transfer, commercialization, 
        education, and training efforts in sustainable chemistry, 
        including budget coordination and support for public-private 
        partnerships, as appropriate;
            (5) identify any Federal regulatory barriers to, and 
        opportunities for, Federal agencies facilitating the 
        development of incentives for development, consideration, and 
        use of sustainable chemistry processes and products;
            (6) identify major scientific challenges, roadblocks, or 
        hurdles to transformational progress in improving the 
        sustainability of the chemical sciences;
            (7) identify other opportunities for expanding Federal 
        efforts in support of sustainable chemistry; and
            (8) review, identify, and make efforts to eliminate 
        duplicative Federal funding and duplicative Federal research in 
        sustainable chemistry.
    (b) Characterizing and Assessing Sustainable Chemistry.--The Entity 
shall develop a working framework of attributes characterizing and 
metrics for assessing sustainable chemistry for the purposes of 
carrying out the Act. In developing this framework, the Entity shall--
            (1) seek advice and input from stakeholders as described in 
        subsection (c);
            (2) consider existing definitions of, or frameworks 
        characterizing and metrics for assessing, sustainable chemistry 
        already in use at Federal agencies;
            (3) consider existing definitions of, or frameworks 
        characterizing and metrics for assessing, sustainable chemistry 
        already in use by international organizations of which the 
        United States is a member, such as the Organisation for 
        Economic Co-operation and Development; and
            (4) consider any other appropriate existing definitions of, 
        or frameworks characterizing and metrics for assessing, 
        sustainable chemistry.
    (c) Consultation.--In carrying out the duties described in 
subsections (a) and (b), the Entity shall consult with stakeholders 
qualified to provide advice and information to guide Federal activities 
related to sustainable chemistry through workshops, requests for 
information, or other mechanisms as necessary. The stakeholders shall 
include representatives from--
            (1) business and industry (including trade associations and 
        small- and medium-sized enterprises from across the value 
        chain);
            (2) the scientific community (including the National 
        Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, scientific 
        professional societies, national labs, and academia);
            (3) the defense community;
            (4) State, Tribal, and local governments, including 
        nonregulatory State or regional sustainable chemistry programs, 
        as appropriate;
            (5) nongovernmental organizations; and
            (6) other appropriate organizations.
    (d) Report to Congress.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
        enactment of this subtitle, the Entity shall submit a report to 
        the Committee on Environment and Public Works, the Committee on 
        Commerce, Science, and Transportation, and the Committee on 
        Appropriations of the Senate, and the Committee on Science, 
        Space, and Technology, the Committee on Energy and Commerce, 
        and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
        Representatives. In addition to the elements described in 
        subsections (a) and (b), the report shall include--
                    (A) a summary of federally funded, sustainable 
                chemistry research, development, demonstration, 
                technology transfer, commercialization, education, and 
                training activities;
                    (B) a summary of the financial resources allocated 
                to sustainable chemistry initiatives by each 
                participating agency;
                    (C) an assessment of the current state of 
                sustainable chemistry in the United States, including 
                the role that Federal agencies are playing in 
                supporting it;
                    (D) an analysis of the progress made toward 
                achieving the goals and priorities of this subtitle, 
                and recommendations for future program activities;
                    (E) an evaluation of steps taken and future 
                strategies to avoid duplication of efforts, streamline 
                interagency coordination, facilitate information 
                sharing, and spread best practices among participating 
                agencies; and
                    (F) an evaluation of duplicative Federal funding 
                and duplicative Federal research in sustainable 
                chemistry, efforts undertaken by the Entity to 
                eliminate duplicative funding and research, and 
                recommendations on how to achieve these goals.
            (2) Submission to gao.--The Entity shall also submit the 
        report described in paragraph (1) to the Comptroller General of 
        the United States for consideration in future Congressional 
        inquiries.
            (3) Additional reports.--The Entity shall submit a report 
        to Congress and the Comptroller General of the United States 
        that incorporates the information described in subparagraphs 
        (a), (b), (d), (e), and (f) every 3 years, commencing after the 
        initial report is submitted until the Entity terminates.

SEC. 255. AGENCY ACTIVITIES IN SUPPORT OF SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY.

    (a) In General.--The agencies participating in the Entity shall 
carry out activities in support of sustainable chemistry, as 
appropriate to the specific mission and programs of each agency.
    (b) Activities.--The activities described in subsection (a) shall--
            (1) incorporate sustainable chemistry into existing 
        research, development, demonstration, technology transfer, 
        commercialization, education, and training programs, that the 
        agency determines to be relevant, including consideration of--
                    (A) merit-based competitive grants to individual 
                investigators and teams of investigators, including, to 
                the extent practicable, early career investigators for 
                research and development;
                    (B) grants to fund collaborative research and 
                development partnerships among universities, industry, 
                and nonprofit organizations;
                    (C) coordination of sustainable chemistry research, 
                development, demonstration, and technology transfer 
                conducted at Federal laboratories and agencies;
                    (D) incentive prize competitions and challenges in 
                coordination with such existing Federal agency 
                programs; and
                    (E) grants, loans, and loan guarantees to aid in 
                the technology transfer and commercialization of 
                sustainable chemicals, materials, processes, and 
                products;
            (2) collect and disseminate information on sustainable 
        chemistry research, development, technology transfer, and 
        commercialization, including information on accomplishments and 
        best practices;
            (3) expand the education and training of students at 
        appropriate levels of education, professional scientists and 
        engineers, and other professionals involved in all aspects of 
        sustainable chemistry and engineering appropriate to that level 
        of education and training, including through--
                    (A) partnerships with industry as described in 
                section 256;
                    (B) support for the integration of sustainable 
                chemistry principles into chemistry and chemical 
                engineering curriculum and research training, as 
                appropriate to that level of education and training; 
                and
                    (C) support for integration of sustainable 
                chemistry principles into existing or new professional 
                development opportunities for professionals including 
                teachers, faculty, and individuals involved in 
                laboratory research (product development, materials 
                specification and testing, life cycle analysis, and 
                management);
            (4) as relevant to an agency's programs, examine methods by 
        which the Federal agencies, in collaboration and consultation 
        with the National Institute of Standards and Technology, may 
        facilitate the development or recognition of validated, 
        standardized tools for performing sustainability assessments of 
        chemistry processes or products;
            (5) through programs identified by an agency, support 
        (including through technical assistance, participation, 
        financial support, communications tools, awards, or other forms 
        of support) outreach and dissemination of sustainable chemistry 
        advances such as non-Federal symposia, forums, conferences, and 
        publications in collaboration with, as appropriate, industry, 
        academia, scientific and professional societies, and other 
        relevant groups;
            (6) provide for public input and outreach to be integrated 
        into the activities described in this section by the convening 
        of public discussions, through mechanisms such as public 
        meetings, consensus conferences, and educational events, as 
        appropriate;
            (7) within each agency, develop or adapt metrics to track 
        the outputs and outcomes of the programs supported by that 
        agency; and
            (8) incentivize or recognize actions that advance 
        sustainable chemistry products, processes, or initiatives, 
        including through the establishment of a nationally recognized 
        awards program through the Environmental Protection Agency to 
        identify, publicize, and celebrate innovations in sustainable 
        chemistry and chemical technologies.
    (d) Limitations.--Financial support provided under this section 
shall--
            (1) be available only for pre-competitive activities; and
            (2) not be used to promote the sale of a specific product, 
        process, or technology, or to disparage a specific product, 
        process, or technology.

SEC. 256. PARTNERSHIPS IN SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY.

    (a) In General.--The agencies participating in the Entity may 
facilitate and support, through financial, technical, or other 
assistance, the creation of partnerships between institutions of higher 
education, nongovernmental organizations, consortia, or companies 
across the value chain in the chemical industry, including small- and 
medium-sized enterprises, to--
            (1) create collaborative sustainable chemistry research, 
        development, demonstration, technology transfer, and 
        commercialization programs; and
            (2) train students and retrain professional scientists, 
        engineers, and others involved in materials specification on 
        the use of sustainable chemistry concepts and strategies by 
        methods, including--
                    (A) developing or recognizing curricular materials 
                and courses for undergraduate and graduate levels and 
                for the professional development of scientists, 
                engineers, and others involved in materials 
                specification; and
                    (B) publicizing the availability of professional 
                development courses in sustainable chemistry and 
                recruiting professionals to pursue such courses.
    (b) Private Sector Participation.--To be eligible for support under 
this section, a partnership in sustainable chemistry shall include at 
least one private sector organization.
    (c) Selection of Partnerships.--In selecting partnerships for 
support under this section, the agencies participating in the Entity 
shall also consider the extent to which the applicants are willing and 
able to demonstrate evidence of support for, and commitment to, the 
goals outlined in the strategic plan and report described in section 
254.
    (d) Prohibited Use of Funds.--Financial support provided under this 
section may not be used--
            (1) to support or expand a regulatory chemical management 
        program at an implementing agency under a State law;
            (2) to construct or renovate a building or structure; or
            (3) to promote the sale of a specific product, process, or 
        technology, or to disparage a specific product, process, or 
        technology.

SEC. 257. PRIORITIZATION.

    In carrying out this subtitle, the Entity shall focus its support 
for sustainable chemistry activities on those that achieve, to the 
highest extent practicable, the goals outlined in the Act.

SEC. 258. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

    Nothing in this subtitle shall be construed to alter or amend any 
State law or action with regard to sustainable chemistry, as defined by 
the State.

SEC. 259. MAJOR MULTI-USER RESEARCH FACILITY PROJECT.

    Section 110 of the American Innovation and Competitiveness Act (42 
U.S.C. 1862s-2) is amended by striking (g)(2) and inserting the 
following:
            ``(2) Major multi-user research facility project.--The term 
        `major multi-user research facility project' means a science 
        and engineering facility project that exceeds $100,000,000 in 
        total construction, acquisition, or upgrade costs to the 
        Foundation.''.

             Subtitle E--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

SEC. 261. MODIFICATION TO ANNUAL REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF OPERATIONAL 
              TEST AND EVALUATION.

    Section 139(h)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Engineering,,'' and inserting 
        ``Engineering,''; and
            (2) by striking ``, through January 31, 2025''.

SEC. 262. REPEAL OF QUARTERLY UPDATES ON THE OPTIONALLY MANNED FIGHTING 
              VEHICLE PROGRAM.

    Section 261 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1294) is repealed.

SEC. 263. INDEPENDENT EVALUATION OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE AND DIAGNOSTIC 
              TESTING EQUIPMENT.

    (a) Independent Evaluation Required.--The Director of Operational 
Test and Evaluation shall conduct an independent evaluation of--
            (1) any processes used to test the effectiveness of covered 
        personal protective and diagnostic testing equipment; and
            (2) the results of such tests.
    (b) Availability of Information.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
provide the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation with such 
information as may be necessary for the Director to conduct the 
evaluations required under subsection (a), including any relevant 
documentation relating to testing processes and test results for 
covered personal protective and diagnostic testing equipment.
    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 30 days after the 
completion of each evaluation under subsection (a), the Director of 
Operational Test and Evaluation shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the results of the evaluation.
    (d) Covered Personal Protective and Diagnostic Testing Equipment 
Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered personal protective and 
diagnostic testing equipment'' means any personal protective equipment 
or diagnostic testing equipment developed, acquired, or used by the 
Department of Defense--
            (1) in response to COVID-19; or
            (2) as part of any follow-on, long-term acquisition and 
        distribution program for such equipment.

SEC. 264. REPORTS ON F-35 PHYSIOLOGICAL EPISODES AND MITIGATION 
              EFFORTS.

    (a) Study and Report.--
            (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment shall conduct a study to determine 
        the underlying causes of physiological episodes affecting 
        crewmembers of F-35 aircraft.
            (2) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall 
        include--
                    (A) an examination of each physiological episode 
                reported by a crewmember of an F-35 aircraft as of the 
                date of the enactment of this Act;
                    (B) a determination as to the underlying cause of 
                the episode; and
                    (C) an examination of--
                            (i) any long-term effects, including 
                        potential long-term effects, of the episode; 
                        and
                            (ii) any additional care an affected 
                        crewmember may need.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report that includes--
                    (A) the results the study conducted under 
                subsection (a), including a description of each 
                physiological episode examined under the study and an 
                explanation of the underlying cause of the episode;
                    (B) a description of any actions that may be taken 
                to address the underlying causes of such episodes, 
                including any resources that may be required to carry 
                out such actions; and
                    (C) any other findings and recommendations of the 
                study.
    (b) Annual Reports on Mitigation Efforts.--The Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment, shall include with the annual report 
required by section 224(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2059), a detailed 
description of--
            (1) the efforts of the Department of Defense to address 
        physiological episodes affecting crewmembers of F-35 aircraft; 
        and
            (2) the funding allocated for such efforts.

SEC. 265. STUDY ON MECHANISMS FOR ATTRACTING AND RETAINING HIGH QUALITY 
              TALENT IN THE NATIONAL SECURITY INNOVATION BASE.

    (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study 
to determine the feasibility of establishing a program to attract and 
retain covered individuals for employment in the national security 
innovation base.
    (b) Elements.--The study required under subsection (a) shall 
include an analysis of--
            (1) mechanisms the Department of Defense may use to engage 
        institutions of higher education to assist in the 
        identification and recruitment of covered individuals for 
        employment in the national security innovation base;
            (2) monetary and nonmonetary incentives that may be 
        provided to retain covered individuals in positions in the 
        national security innovation base;
            (3) methods that may be implemented to ensure the proper 
        vetting of covered individuals;
            (4) the number of covered individuals needed to advance the 
        competitiveness of the research, development, test, and 
        evaluation efforts of the Department of Defense in the critical 
        technologies identified in the National Defense Strategy; and
            (5) the type and amount of resources required to implement 
        the program described in subsection (a).
    (c) Report.--Not later than February 1, 2021, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on the results of the study conducted under subsection (a).
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``national security innovation base'' the 
        means the network of persons and organizations, including 
        Federal agencies, institutions of higher education, federally 
        funded research and development centers, defense industrial 
        base entities, nonprofit organizations, commercial entities, 
        and venture capital firms that are engaged in the military and 
        nonmilitary research, development, funding, and production of 
        innovative technologies that support the national security of 
        the United States.
            (2) The term ``institution of higher education'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 101 of the Higher Education 
        Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).
            (3) The term ``covered individual'' means an individual 
        who--
                    (A) is employed by a United States employer and 
                engaged in work to promote and protect the national 
                security innovation base;
                    (B) is engaged in basic or applied research, funded 
                by the Department of Defense, through an institution of 
                higher education in the United States; and
                    (C) possesses scientific or technical expertise 
                that will advance the development of critical 
                technologies identified in the National Defense 
                Strategy or the National Defense Science and Technology 
                Strategy, required by section 218 of the John S. McCain 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
                (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1679).

SEC. 266. FUNDING FOR FORCE PROTECTION APPLIED RESEARCH.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as 
specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, for 
research, development, test, and evaluation, Navy, applied research, 
force protection applied research, line 005 (PE 0602123N) is hereby 
increased by $9,000,000 (to be used in support of the Direct Air 
Capture and Blue Carbon Removal Technology Program authorized under 
section 223 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note)).
    (b) Offsets.--
            (1) Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
        tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated 
        in section 301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in 
        the corresponding funding table in section 4301, for operation 
        and maintenance, Air Force, admin & servicewide activities, 
        servicewide communications, line 410 is hereby reduced by 
        $4,000,000.
            (2) Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
        tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated 
        in section 301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in 
        the corresponding funding table in section 4301, for operation 
        and maintenance, Army, admin & servicewide activities, 
        servicewide communications, line 440 is hereby reduced by 
        $5,000,000.

SEC. 267. FUNDING FOR HYPERSONICS PROTOTYPING.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as 
specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, for 
research, development, test, and evaluation, Air Force, advanced 
component development & prototypes, line 048, hypersonics prototyping 
(PE 0604033F) is hereby increased by $5,000,000 (to be used in support 
of the Air-launched Rapid Response Weapon Program).
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in the 
corresponding funding table in section 4301, for operation and 
maintenance, Space Force, operating forces, contractor logistics & 
system support, line 080 is hereby reduced by $5,000,000.

SEC. 268. FUNDING FOR UNIDIRECTIONAL BODY ARMOR.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as 
specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, for 
research, development, test, and evaluation, Army, advanced component 
development & prototypes, line 093, soldier systems--advanced 
development (PE 0603827A) is hereby increased by $7,000,000 (to be used 
for the development of lightweight body armor fabrics).
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as 
specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, for 
research, development, test, and evaluation, Army, advanced component 
development & prototypes, line 102, technology maturation initiatives 
(PE 0604115A) is hereby reduced by $7,000,000.

SEC. 269. ASSESSMENTS OF INTELLIGENCE, DEFENSE, AND MILITARY 
              IMPLICATIONS OF DEEPFAKE VIDEOS AND RELATED TECHNOLOGIES.

    (a) Intelligence Threat Assessment.--
            (1) In general.--In conjunction with each annual report 
        required under section 5709(d) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) 
        (relating to deepfake technology and the foreign weaponization 
        of deepfakes), the Director of National Intelligence shall 
        submit to the Secretary of Defense and the appropriate 
        congressional committees a supplemental report on the 
        intelligence, defense, and military implications of deepfake 
        videos and related technologies.
            (2) Elements.--Each supplemental report under paragraph (1) 
        shall include--
                    (A) a description of new developments with respect 
                to the national security implications of machine-
                manipulated media, and intelligence community responses 
                to such developments, as it pertains to those matters 
                described in section 5709(a) of the National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-
                92);
                    (B) a description of any known efforts by the 
                militaries of the People's Republic of China or the 
                Russian Federation or any governmental elements that 
                provide intelligence support to such militaries, to 
                deploy machine-manipulated media in the context of any 
                ongoing geopolitical disputes, armed conflicts, or 
                related operations; and
                    (C) an assessment of additional future security 
                risks posed by artificial intelligence technologies 
                that facilitate the creation of machine-manipulated 
                media, including security risks in contexts other than 
                influence or information operations (including the 
                potential subversion of biometric authentication 
                systems).
            (3) Interim report.--Not later than 120 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National 
        Intelligence shall submit to the Secretary of Defense and the 
        appropriate congressional committees a report on the 
        preliminary findings of the Director with respect to each 
        element described in subsection (2).
            (4) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--In this 
        section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means--
                    (A) the congressional defense committees;
                    (B) the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
                Senate; and
                    (C) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence 
                of the House of Representatives.
    (b) Military Risk Assessment.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after date on 
        which the report under subsection (a)(3) is submitted to the 
        Secretary of Defense, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees an assessment, based on the 
        results of such report, of the risks posed by machine-
        manipulated media to the operations, personnel, and activities 
        of the Department of Defense and the Armed Forces.
            (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include 
        the following:
                    (A) An assessment of the risks posed by machine-
                manipulated media in the contexts of military planning, 
                defense intelligence collection, operational decision-
                making, and such other contexts as the Secretary of 
                Defense deems appropriate.
                    (B) A description of how the Department of Defense 
                would assess, particularly under limited time 
                constraints, the legitimacy of machine-manipulated 
                media purporting to depict activities relevant to 
                ongoing military operations (such as a deepfake video 
                purporting to depict a foreign government official 
                announcing an impending military strike, retreat, or 
                other tactical action).
                    (C) A description of any efforts of the Department 
                of Defense to combat the actual or potential creation 
                of machine-manipulated media that falsely depicts or 
                replicates biometric identifiers of Federal Government 
                officials, and an assessment of the feasibility of 
                adopting or developing technologies to reduce the 
                likelihood of video, audio, or visual content produced 
                or distributed by the Department of Defense from being 
                manipulated or exploited in such manner.
                    (D) An assessment of the Department of Defense's 
                current machine-manipulated media detection 
                capabilities, and recommendations with respect to 
                improving such capabilities.
    (c) Form.--The reports required under subsections (a) and (b) may 
be submitted in classified form, but if so submitted, shall be 
accompanied by unclassified annexes.
    (d) Machine-Manipulated Media Defined.--In this section, the term 
``machine-manipulated media'' has the meaning given that term in 
section 5724(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 1 (Public Law 116-92).

SEC. 270. FUNDING FOR AIR FORCE UNIVERSITY RESEARCH INITIATIVES.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as 
specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, for 
research, development, test, and evaluation, Air Force, basic research, 
university research initiatives (PE 0601103F), line 002 is hereby 
increased by $5,000,000.
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in the 
corresponding funding table in section 4301, for operation and 
maintenance, Army, admin & servicewide activities, servicewide 
communications, line 440 is hereby reduced by $5,000,000.

SEC. 271. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO CARRY OUT CERTAIN FISCAL YEAR 
              2020 PROJECTS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The Department of Defense is encouraging the liberal 
        use of fifth generation (commonly known as ``5G'') information 
        and communications technology testbeds to develop useful, 
        mission-oriented applications for 5G technology.
            (2) Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana, has the ability to 
        serve as a large-scale test facility to enable rapid 
        experimentation and dual-use application prototyping.
            (3) Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana, has streamlined 
        access to spectrum bands, mature fiber and wireless 
        infrastructure, and prototyping and test area range access, all 
        of which are ideal characteristics for use as a 5G test bed 
        location.
    (b) Consideration Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
consider using Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana, as 5G test bed 
installation for purposes of the activities carried out under section 
254(b)(2)(A) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 2223 note).

SEC. 272. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE ROLE OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE 
              FOUNDATION.

    It is the sense of Congress that the National Science Foundation is 
critical to the expansion of the frontiers of scientific knowledge and 
advancing American technological leadership in key technologies, and 
that in order to continue to achieve its mission in the face of rising 
challenges from strategic competitors, the National Science Foundation 
should receive a significant increase in funding, expand its use of its 
existing authorities to carry out new and innovative types of 
activities, consider new authorities that it may need, and increase 
existing activities such as the convergence accelerators aimed at 
accelerating the translation of fundamental research for the economic 
and national security benefit of the United States.

SEC. 273. FUNDING FOR NAVY UNIVERSITY RESEARCH INITIATIVES.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as 
specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, for 
research, development, test, and evaluation, Navy, basic research, 
university research initiatives (PE 0601103N), line 001 is hereby 
increased by $5,000,000.
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in the 
corresponding funding table in section 4301, for operation and 
maintenance, Army, admin & servicewide activities, servicewide 
communications, line 440 is hereby reduced by $5,000,000.

SEC. 274. FUNDING FOR ARMY UNIVERSITY RESEARCH INITIATIVES.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as 
specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, for 
research, development, test, and evaluation, Army, basic research, 
university research initiatives (PE 0601103A), line 003 is hereby 
increased by $5,000,000.
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in the 
corresponding funding table in section 4301, for operation and 
maintenance, Army, admin & servicewide activities, servicewide 
communications, line 440 is hereby reduced by $5,000,000.

SEC. 275. REPORT ON CERTAIN AWARDS BY THE AIR FORCE UNDER THE SMALL 
              BUSINESS INNOVATION RESEARCH PROGRAM AND THE SMALL 
              BUSINESS TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER PROGRAM.

    The Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition Technology 
and Logistics shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
House of Representatives and the Senate a report containing a list of 
all selections made by the Assistant Secretary during the preceding 5-
year period under the Small Business Innovation Research Program or the 
Small Business Technology Transfer Program (as defined under section 
9(e) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(e)) that were not 
followed with funding awards. The report shall include, for each such 
selection--
            (1) the name and contact information of the company 
        selected; and
            (2) the reason the funding award did not follow the 
        selection.

SEC. 276. FUNDING FOR BACKPACKABLE COMMUNICATIONS INTELLIGENCE SYSTEM.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, Army, as 
specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, Network 
C3I Technology, Line 17, for the Backpackable Communications 
Intelligence System is hereby increased by $5,000,000.
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301 for operation and maintenance, Defense-wide, as specified 
in the corresponding funding table in section 4301, for Admin & Srvwide 
Activities, Line 360, Defense Personnel Accounting Agency is hereby 
reduced by $5,000,000.

SEC. 277. FUNDING FOR ARMY UNIVERSITY AND INDUSTRY RESEARCH CENTERS.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, as 
specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, for 
research, development, test, and evaluation, Army, basic research, 
university and industry research centers (PE 0601104A), line 004 is 
hereby increased by $5,000,000.
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301 for operation and maintenance, as specified in the 
corresponding funding table in section 4301, for operation and 
maintenance, Army, admin & servicewide activities, servicewide 
communications, line 440 is hereby reduced by $5,000,000.

SEC. 278. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING AND MACHINE 
              LEARNING INITIATIVE OF THE ARMY.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the additive manufacturing and machine learning 
        initiative of the Army has the potential to accelerate the 
        ability to deploy additive manufacturing capabilities in 
        expeditionary settings and strengthen the United States defense 
        industrial supply chain; and
            (2) Congress and the Department of Defense should continue 
        to support the additive manufacturing and machine learning 
        initiative of the Army.

SEC. 279. TRAINEESHIPS FOR AMERICAN LEADERS TO EXCEL IN NATIONAL 
              TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall establish a 
traineeship program to expand Department of Defense access to domestic 
scientific and technological talent in areas of strategic importance to 
national security.
    (b) Designation.--The traineeship program established under 
subsection (a) shall be known as the ``Traineeships for American 
Leaders to Excel in National Technology and Science'' or ``TALENTS 
program'' (referred to in this section as the ``traineeship program'').
    (c) Program Priorities.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
Defense Science Board and the Defense Innovation Board, shall determine 
the multidisciplinary fields of study on which the traineeship program 
will focus and, in making such determination, shall consider the core 
modernization priorities derived from the most recent national defense 
strategy provided under section 113(g) of title 10, United States Code.
    (d) Participating Institutions.--The Secretary shall establish 
partnerships with not fewer than ten eligible institutions selected by 
the Secretary for the purposes of the program under subsection (a).
    (e) Partnership Activities.--The activities conducted under the 
partnerships under subsection (d) between an eligible institution and 
the Department of Defense shall include--
            (1) providing traineeships led by faculty for eligible 
        students described in subsection (h); and
            (2) establishing scientific or technical internship 
        programs for such students.
    (f) Preference in Selection of Institutions.--In establishing 
partnerships under subsection (d), the Secretary shall consider--
            (1) the relevance of the eligible institution's proposed 
        partnership to existing and anticipated strategic national 
        needs, as determined under subsection (c);
            (2) the ability of the eligible institution to effectively 
        carry out the proposed partnership;
            (3) the geographic location of an eligible institution as 
        it relates to the need of the Department of Defense to develop 
        specific workforce capacity and skills within a particular 
        region of the country;
            (4) whether the eligible institution is a covered minority 
        institution;
            (5) the extent to which the eligible institution's proposal 
        would--
                    (A) include students underrepresented in the fields 
                of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics; 
                or
                    (B) involve partnering with one or more covered 
                minority institutions; and
            (6) the integration of internship opportunities into the 
        program provided by the eligible institution, including 
        internships with government laboratories, non-profit research 
        organizations, and for-profit commercial entities.
    (g) Grants.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may provide grants to 
        individuals who are eligible students described in subsection 
        (h) to--
                    (A) participate in activities under subsection (e);
                    (B) pay tuition, fees, and other costs associated 
                with participating in such activities;
                    (C) pay other costs associated with participating 
                in the traineeship program; and
                    (D) pay costs associated with other scientific or 
                technical internship or fellowship programs.
            (2) Award totals.--The total amount of grants awarded to 
        individuals at an eligible institution under this section in 
        each fiscal year shall not exceed $1,000,000.
            (3) Duration.--The duration of each grant under this 
        section shall not exceed 4 years.
    (h) Eligible Students.--In order to receive any grant under this 
section, a student shall--
            (1) be a citizen or national of the United States or a 
        permanent resident of the United States;
            (2) be enrolled or accepted for enrollment at an eligible 
        institution in a masters or doctoral degree program in a field 
        of study determined under subsection (c); and
            (3) if the student is presently enrolled at an institution, 
        be maintaining satisfactory progress in the course of study the 
        student is pursuing in accordance section 484(c) of the Higher 
        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1091(c)).
    (i) Preferential Federal Government Hiring.--The Secretary, in 
coordination with the Director of the Office of Personnel Management, 
shall develop and implement a process by which traineeship program 
participants shall receive preferred consideration in hiring activities 
conducted by the Department of Defense and each Department of Defense 
Laboratory.
    (j) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``eligible institution'' means an institution 
        of higher education (as defined in section 101 of the Higher 
        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)).
            (2) The term ``covered minority institution'' has the 
        meaning given the term ``covered institution'' in section 
        262(g)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 2362 note).
            (3) The term ``Department of Defense Laboratory'' means--
                    (A) a laboratory operated by the Department of 
                Defense or owned by the Department of Defense and 
                operated by a contractor; or
                    (B) a facility of a Defense Agency (as defined in 
                section 101(a) of title 10, United States Code) at 
                which research and development activities are 
                conducted.

SEC. 280. BRIEFING AND REPORT ON USE OF DISTRIBUTED LEDGER TECHNOLOGY 
              FOR DEFENSE PURPOSES.

    (a) Briefing Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering shall provide to the congressional 
        defense committees a briefing on the potential use of 
        distributed ledger technology for defense purposes.
            (2) Elements.--This briefing under paragraph (1) shall 
        include--
                    (A) an explanation of how distributed ledger 
                technology may be used by the Department of Defense 
                to--
                            (i) improve cybersecurity, beginning at the 
                        hardware level, of vulnerable assets such as 
                        energy, water, and transport grids through 
                        distributed versus centralized computing;
                            (ii) reduce single points of failure in 
                        emergency and catastrophe decision-making by 
                        subjecting decisions to consensus validation 
                        through distributed ledger technologies;
                            (iii) improve the efficiency of defense 
                        logistics and supply chain operations;
                            (iv) enhance the transparency of 
                        procurement auditing; and
                            (v) allow innovations to be adapted by the 
                        private sector for ancillary uses; and
                    (B) any other information that the Under Secretary 
                of Defense for Research and Engineering determines to 
                be appropriate.
    (b) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report on the research, development, and 
        use of distributed ledger technologies for defense purposes.
            (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include--
                    (A) a summary of the key points from the briefing 
                provided under subsection (a);
                    (B) an analysis of activities that other countries, 
                including the People's Republic of China and the 
                Russian Federation, are carrying out with respect to 
                the research and development of distributed ledger 
                technologies, including estimates of the types and 
                amounts of resources directed by such countries to such 
                activities;
                    (C) recommendations identifying additional research 
                and development activities relating to distributed 
                ledger technologies that should be carried out by the 
                Department of Defense and cost estimates for such 
                activities; and
                    (D) an analysis of the potential benefits of--
                            (i) consolidating research on distributed 
                        ledger technologies within the Department; and
                            (ii) developing within the Department a 
                        single hub or center of excellence for research 
                        on distributed ledger technologies; and
                    (E) any other information that the Under Secretary 
                of Defense for Research and Engineering determines to 
                be appropriate.

SEC. 281. ADMISSION OF ESSENTIAL SCIENTISTS AND TECHNICAL EXPERTS TO 
              PROMOTE AND PROTECT THE NATIONAL SECURITY INNOVATION 
              BASE.

    (a) Special Immigrant Status.--In accordance with the procedures 
established under subsection (f)(1), and subject to subsection (c)(1), 
the Secretary of Homeland Security may provide an alien described in 
subsection (b) (and the spouse and children of the alien if 
accompanying or following to join the alien) with the status of a 
special immigrant under section 101(a)(27) of the Immigration and 
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(27)), if the alien--
            (1) submits a classification petition under section 
        204(a)(1)(G)(i) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)(G)(i)); and
            (2) is otherwise eligible to receive an immigrant visa and 
        is otherwise admissible to the United States for permanent 
        residence.
    (b) Aliens Described.--An alien is described in this subsection 
if--
            (1) the alien--
                    (A) is employed by a United States employer and 
                engaged in work to promote and protect the National 
                Security Innovation Base;
                    (B) is engaged in basic or applied research, funded 
                by the Department of Defense, through a United States 
                institution of higher education (as defined in section 
                101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
                1001)); or
                    (C) possesses scientific or technical expertise 
                that will advance the development of critical 
                technologies identified in the National Defense 
                Strategy or the National Defense Science and Technology 
                Strategy, required by section 218 of the John S. McCain 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
                (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1679 ); and
            (2) the Secretary of Defense issues a written statement to 
        the Secretary of Homeland Security confirming that the 
        admission of the alien is essential to advancing the research, 
        development, testing, or evaluation of critical technologies 
        described in paragraph (1)(C) or otherwise serves national 
        security interests.
    (c) Numerical Limitations.--
            (1) In general.--The total number of principal aliens who 
        may be provided special immigrant status under this section may 
        not exceed--
                    (A) 10 in each of fiscal years 2021 through 2030; 
                and
                    (B) 100 in fiscal year 2031 and each fiscal year 
                thereafter.
            (2) Exclusion from numerical limitations.--Aliens provided 
        special immigrant status under this section shall not be 
        counted against the numerical limitations under sections 
        201(d), 202(a), and 203(b)(4) of the Immigration and 
        Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1151(d), 1152(a), and 1153(b(4)).
    (d) Defense Competition for Scientists and Technical Experts.--Not 
later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense shall develop and implement a process to select, 
on a competitive basis from among individuals described in section (b), 
individuals for recommendation to the Secretary of Homeland Security 
for special immigrant status described in subsection (a).
    (e) Authorities.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary of 
Defense shall authorize appropriate personnel of the Department of 
Defense to use all personnel and management authorities available to 
the Department, including the personnel and management authorities 
provided to the science and technology reinvention laboratories, the 
Major Range and Test Facility Base (as defined in 196(i) of title 10, 
United States Code), and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.
    (f) Procedures.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security and Secretary 
of Defense shall jointly establish policies and procedures implementing 
the provisions in this section, which shall include procedures for--
            (1) processing of petitions for classification submitted 
        under subsection (a)(1) and applications for an immigrant visa 
        or adjustment of status, as applicable; and
            (2) thorough processing of any required security 
        clearances.
    (g) Fees.--The Secretary of Homeland Security shall establish a fee 
to--
            (1) be charged and collected to process an application 
        filed under this section; and
            (2) that is set at a level that will ensure recovery of the 
        full costs of such processing and any additional costs 
        associated with the administration of the fees collected.
    (h) Implementation Report Required.--Not later than 360 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland 
Security and Secretary of Defense shall jointly submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report that includes--
            (1) a plan for implementing the authorities provided under 
        this section; and
            (2) identification of any additional authorities that may 
        be required to assist the Secretaries in fully implementing 
        section.
    (i) Program Evaluation and Report.--
            (1) Evaluation.--The Comptroller General of the United 
        States shall conduct an evaluation of the competitive program 
        and special immigrant program described in subsections (a) 
        through (g).
            (2) Report.--Not later than October 1, 2025, the 
        Comptroller General shall submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a report on the results of the 
        evaluation conducted under paragraph (1).
    (j) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
                Representatives; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate.
            (2) The term ``National Security Innovation Base'' means 
        the network of persons and organizations, including Federal 
        agencies, institutions of higher education, federally funded 
        research and development centers, defense industrial base 
        entities, nonprofit organizations, commercial entities, and 
        venture capital firms that are engaged in the military and non-
        military research, development, funding, and production of 
        innovative technologies that support the national security of 
        the United States.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
4301.

SEC. 302. FUNDING FOR ARMY COMMUNITY SERVICES.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301 for operation and maintenance for Army base operations 
support, line 100, as specified in the corresponding funding table in 
section 4301, for Army Community Services is hereby increased by 
$30,000,000.
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301 for operation and maintenance, for Army Force Readiness 
Operations Support, line 070, as specified in the corresponding funding 
table in section 4301, is hereby reduced by $15,000,000.
    (c) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301 for operation and maintenance, for Army Land Forces 
Operations Support, as specified in the corresponding funding table in 
section 4301, line 050, is hereby reduced by $15,000,000.

SEC. 303. INCREASE IN FUNDING FOR AIR FORCE RESERVE CONTRACTOR SYSTEMS 
              SUPPORT.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
operation and maintenance, Defense-wide Operating Forces, as specified 
in the corresponding funding table in section 4301, for Special 
Operations Command maintenance, Line 70, is hereby increased by 
$22,000,000.
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
operation and maintenance, Air Force Operating Forces, as specified in 
the corresponding funding table in section 4301, Administration and 
Service-Wide Activities, Line 400, is hereby reduced by $22,000,000.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

SEC. 311. MILITARY AVIATION AND INSTALLATION ASSURANCE CLEARINGHOUSE 
              FOR REVIEW OF MISSION OBSTRUCTIONS.

    Section 183a(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (6) as 
        paragraphs (5) through (7), respectively;
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph (4):
    ``(4) If, after issuing the notices of presumed risk required by 
paragraphs (2) and (3), the Secretary of Defense later concludes for 
any reason that the energy project will not have an adverse impact on 
military readiness, the Clearinghouse shall notify the applicant and 
the governor in writing of that conclusion.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (7), as so redesignated, by striking ``Any 
        setback for a project pursuant to the previous sentence shall 
        not be more than what is determined to be necessary by a 
        technical analysis conducted by the Lincoln Laboratory at the 
        Massachusetts Institute of Technology or any successor 
        entity.''.

SEC. 312. MILITARY AVIATION AND INSTALLATION ASSURANCE CLEARINGHOUSE 
              FOR REVIEW OF MISSION OBSTRUCTIONS.

    Section 183a(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (6) as 
        paragraphs (5) through (7), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph (4):
    ``(4) If, after issuing the notices of presumed risk required by 
paragraphs (2) and (3), the Secretary of Defense later concludes for 
any reason that the energy project will not have an adverse impact on 
military readiness, the Clearinghouse shall notify the applicant and 
the governor in writing of that conclusion.''.

SEC. 313. AGREEMENTS TO LIMIT ENCROACHMENTS AND OTHER CONSTRAINTS ON 
              MILITARY TRAINING, TESTING, AND OPERATIONS.

    Section 2684a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``An agreement under 
        this section may be entered into with'' and inserting ``For 
        purposes of this section, the term `eligible entity' means''; 
        and
            (2) in subsection (d)(1)(A), by striking ``the entity'' and 
        inserting ``the eligible entity''.

SEC. 314. MODIFICATION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ENVIRONMENTAL 
              RESTORATION AUTHORITIES TO INCLUDE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT 
              FACILITIES USED BY NATIONAL GUARD.

    Section 2707(e) of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
section 316 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2020 (Public Law 116-92, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``where military activities are conducted 
        by the state National Guard under title 32,'' after 
        ``facility''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``The 
        Secretary concerned may also utilize the authority in section 
        2701(d) of this title for these environmental restoration 
        projects.''.

SEC. 315. INCREASED TRANSPARENCY THROUGH REPORTING ON USAGE AND SPILLS 
              OF AQUEOUS FILM-FORMING FOAM AT MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 160 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2712. Reporting on usage and spills of aqueous film-forming foam
    ``(a) In General.--Not later than 48 hours after the Deputy 
Assistant Secretary of Defense for Environment receives notice of the 
usage or spill of aqueous film-forming foam, either as concentrate or 
mixed foam, at any military installation, the Deputy Assistant 
Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and House of Representatives notice of such usage or spill. Each 
such notice shall include each of the following:
            ``(1) The name of the installation where the usage or spill 
        occurred.
            ``(2) The date on which the usage or spill occurred.
            ``(3) The amount, type, and specified concentration of 
        aqueous film-forming foam that was used or spilled.
            ``(4) The cause of the usage or spill.
            ``(5) A summary narrative of the usage or spill.
            ``(6) A description of what actions have been taken to 
        arrest and clean up the spill.
            ``(7) A description of coordination with relevant local and 
        State authorities and environmental protection agencies.
    ``(b) Action Plan.--Not later than 30 days after submitting notice 
of a usage or spill under subsection (a), the Deputy Assistant 
Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and House of Representatives an action plan for addressing such 
usage or spill.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``2712. Reporting on usage and spills of aqueous film-forming foam.''.

SEC. 316. REPLACEMENT OF NON-TACTICAL MOTOR VEHICLES AT THE END OF 
              SERVICE LIFE WITH ELECTRIC OR HYBRID MOTOR VEHICLES.

    Section 2922g of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections 
        (c) and (d), respectively;
            (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection (b):
    ``(b) End of Life Replacement.--Upon the end of the lease or 
service life of a motor vehicle, the Secretary of the military 
department or the head of the Defense Agency shall, to the maximum 
extent possible, replace such motor vehicle with a motor vehicle that 
uses an electric or hybrid propulsion system, including a plug-in 
hybrid system.'';
            (3) in subsection (c), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``Subsection (a) does not'' and inserting ``Subsections (a) and 
        (b) do not'';
            (4) in subsection (d), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``The preference required by subsection (a) does not'' and 
        inserting ``The preference under subsection (a) and the 
        requirement under subsection (b) do not''; and
            (5) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(e) Inclusion of Off-Road Vehicles.--In this section, the term 
`motor vehicle' includes off-road vehicles, including construction or 
agricultural equipment.''.

SEC. 317. BUDGETING OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE RELATING TO OPERATIONAL 
              ENERGY IMPROVEMENT.

    The Secretary of Defense shall include in the annual budget 
submission of the President under section 1105(a) of title 31, United 
States Code, a dedicated budget line item for fielding operational 
energy improvements, including such improvements for which funds from 
the Operational Energy Capability Improvement Fund have been expended 
to create the operational and business case for broader employment.

SEC. 318. ASSESSMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OPERATIONAL ENERGY USAGE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall enter into an 
agreement with a federally funded research and development center with 
relevant expertise under which such center shall conduct an assessment 
of Department of Defense operational energy usage, including an agency-
wide view and breakdowns of progress by service branch.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
            (1) an analysis of the extent to which the Department of 
        Defense developed an integrated operational energy strategy and 
        the extent to which each of the military departments has 
        implemented such strategy;
            (2) an analysis of the viability of implementing net zero 
        initiatives or meeting net zero goals within the operational 
        energy enterprise without negatively impacting mission 
        capability;
            (3) an analysis of fossil fuel reduction regimes that may 
        maximize reduction of reliance on fossil fuels, including 
        impacts of lowering the reliance on fossil fuels, decreasing 
        the need for refueling convoys, overcoming the tyranny of 
        distance within United States Indo-Pacific Command through 
        hybrid or other fuel efficient propulsion systems, and energy 
        production, storage, and distribution systems that enhance 
        logistics supply chain resiliency;
            (4) a description of the options for achieving fossil fuel 
        reduction benchmarks with respect to operational energy of 25 
        percent, 50 percent, 75 percent, and 100 percent, using fiscal 
        year 2020 as the benchmark, including anticipated funding 
        requirements, statutory requirements, infrastructure needs, and 
        timeframes; and
            (5) an analysis of the integration between energy offices 
        with program offices, budget, and operational planners within 
        the Department of Defense and military departments, and 
        recommendations for improving coordination.
    (c) Form of Report.--The report required under this section shall 
be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.

SEC. 319. IMPROVEMENT OF THE OPERATIONAL ENERGY CAPABILITY IMPROVEMENT 
              FUND OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Management of the Operational Energy Capability Improvement 
Fund.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment 
shall exercise authority, direction, and control over the Operational 
Energy Capability Improvement Fund of the Department of Defense (in 
this section referred to as the ``OECIF'').
    (b) Alignment and Coordination With Related Programs.--
            (1) Realignment of oecif.--Not later than 60 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall realign the OECIF under the Assistant Secretary of 
        Defense for Sustainment, with such realignment to include 
        personnel positions adequate for the mission of the OECIF.
            (2) Better coordination with related programs.--The 
        Assistant Secretary shall ensure that this placement 
        facilitates better alignment between OECIF, the Strategic 
        Environmental Research Program, the Environmental Security 
        Technology Certification Program, and the Operational Energy 
        Prototyping Program is utilized to advance common goals of the 
        Department, promote organizational synergies, and avoid 
        unnecessary duplication of effort.
    (c) Program for Operational Energy Prototyping.--
            (1) In general.--Commencing not later than 90 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense, through the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
        and Sustainment, shall carry out a program for the 
        demonstration of technologies related to operational energy 
        prototyping, including demonstration of operational energy 
        technology and validation prototyping.
            (2) Operation of program.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
        the program under paragraph (1) operates in conjunction with 
        the OECIF to promote the transfer of innovative technologies 
        that have successfully established proof of concept for use in 
        production or in the field.
            (3) Program elements.--In carrying out the program under 
        paragraph (1) the Secretary shall--
                    (A) identify and demonstrate the most promising, 
                innovative, and cost-effective technologies and methods 
                that address high-priority operational energy 
                requirements of the Department of Defense;
                    (B) in conducting demonstrations under subparagraph 
                (A), the Secretary shall--
                            (i) collect cost and performance data to 
                        overcome barriers against employing an 
                        innovative technology because of concerns 
                        regarding technical or programmatic risk; and
                            (ii) ensure that components of the 
                        Department have time to establish new 
                        requirements where necessary and plan, program, 
                        and budget for technology transition to 
                        programs of record;
                    (C) utilize project structures similar to those of 
                the OECIF to ensure transparency and accountability 
                throughout the efforts conducted under the program; and
                    (D) give priority, in conjunction with the OECIF, 
                to the development and fielding of clean technologies 
                that reduce reliance on fossil fuels.
            (4) Tool for accountability and transition.--
                    (A) In general.--In carrying out the program under 
                paragraph (1), the Secretary shall develop and utilize 
                a tool to track relevant investments in operational 
                energy from applied research to transition to use to 
                ensure user organizations have the full picture of 
                technology maturation and development.
                    (B) Transition.--The tool developed and utilized 
                under subparagraph (A) shall be designed to overcome 
                transition challenges with rigorous and well-documented 
                demonstrations that provide the information needed by 
                all stakeholders for acceptance of the technology.

SEC. 320. FIVE-YEAR REVIEWS OF CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGIES RELATING TO RED 
              HILL BULK FUEL STORAGE FACILITY.

    (a) Reviews.--
            (1) Reviews required.--At least once every 5 years, the 
        Secretary of the Navy shall conduct a review of available 
        technologies relating to the containment of fuel to determine 
        whether any such technology may be used to improve the 
        containment of fuel with respect to storage tanks located at 
        the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility, Hawaii.
            (2) Deadline for initial review.--The Secretary shall begin 
        the first review under paragraph (1) by not later than the date 
        that is 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Briefings.--Not later than 60 days after the date on which a 
review conducted under subsection (a) is completed, the Secretary shall 
provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing on--
            (1) any technology identified in such review that the 
        Secretary determines may be used to improve the containment of 
        fuel with respect to storage tanks located at the Red Hill Bulk 
        Fuel Storage Facility; and
            (2) the feasibility and cost of implementing any such 
        technology at the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
    (c) Termination.--The requirements to conduct reviews under 
subsection (a) and provide briefings under subsection (b) shall 
terminate on the date on which the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility 
ceases operation, as determined by the Secretary of the Navy.

SEC. 321. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR ACQUISITION OF FURNISHED 
              ENERGY FOR RHINE ORDNANCE BARRACKS ARMY MEDICAL CENTER.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 
2021 may be used to enter into a contract for the acquisition of 
furnished energy for the new Rhine Ordnance Barracks Army Medical 
Center (hereafter referred to as the ``Medical Center'') before the 
date on which Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional defense 
committees a written certification that the Medical Center does not use 
any energy sourced from inside the Russian Federation as a means of 
generating the furnished energy.

SEC. 322. REQUIREMENT TO UPDATE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CLIMATE CHANGE 
              ROADMAP.

    (a) In General.--Not later than February 1, 2022, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives an update to the Department of Defense 
2014 Climate Change Adaptation Roadmap. Such update shall include an 
outline of the strategy and implementation plan of the Department to 
address the current and foreseeable effects of climate change on the 
mission of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements of Strategy and Implementation Plan.--The strategy and 
implementation plan required to be included in the update under 
subsection (a) shall include--
            (1) a description of the overarching approach of the 
        Department to climate adaptation and climate mitigation 
        measures;
            (2) a discussion of the current and foreseeable effects of 
        climate change on--
                    (A) plans and operations, including--
                            (i) military readiness;
                            (ii) increased frequency of extreme weather 
                        events, including flooding, drought, 
                        desertification, wildfires, thawing permafrost, 
                        hurricanes, and extreme heat;
                            (iii) conflicts or disputes, emerging 
                        threats, and instability caused or exacerbated 
                        by climate change, including tensions related 
                        to drought, famine, infectious disease, 
                        geoengineering, energy transitions, extreme 
                        weather, migration, and competition for scarce 
                        resources;
                            (iv) increased demand for Defense Support 
                        for Civil Authorities and disaster or 
                        humanitarian relief operations;
                            (v) the operating environment of the Arctic 
                        and of the strategic and geopolitical 
                        implications of a progressively more ice-free 
                        Arctic Ocean; and
                            (vi) alteration or limitation on operation 
                        environments;
                    (B) training and testing, including--
                            (i) changes in land carrying capacity;
                            (ii) increased maintenance and repair 
                        requirements for equipment and infrastructure;
                            (iii) health of military personnel, 
                        including mitigation of infectious diseases, 
                        heat stress and heat-related illnesses 
                        resulting from increasing temperatures;
                            (iv) increased dust generation, air 
                        pollution, and fire hazards; and
                            (v) maintaining testing and training 
                        capacity to support increased operations and 
                        civil support missions;
                    (C) built and natural infrastructure, including--
                            (i) military installation resilience, as 
                        such term is defined in section 101(e)(8) of 
                        title 10, United States Code, of installations 
                        both within and outside the United States and 
                        its possessions and territories and of the 
                        State-owned National Guard installations of the 
                        several States;
                            (ii) resilience of the air and sea ports of 
                        our allies and partners that are critical to 
                        the training, deployment, and operations of the 
                        armed forces of the United States and its 
                        allies and partners;
                            (iii) resilience of the deployment system 
                        and structure of the Department of Defense and 
                        of the United States, including the strategic 
                        highway network, the strategic rail network, 
                        and designated strategic air and sea ports;
                            (iv) best practices for modeling and 
                        mitigating risks posed to military 
                        installations by increased inundation, erosion, 
                        flood, wind, and fire damage;
                            (v) changing energy demand at military 
                        installations to include heating and cooling, 
                        particularly in communities experiencing grid 
                        stress;
                            (vi) disruption and competition for 
                        reliable energy and water resources;
                            (vii) geoengineering and energy 
                        transitions;
                            (viii) increased maintenance and 
                        sustainment costs;
                            (ix) damage to natural and constructed 
                        infrastructure from thawing permafrost and sea 
                        ice; and
                            (x) the effects of climate stress on 
                        community support infrastructure, including 
                        roads, transportation hubs, and medical 
                        facilities;
                    (D) acquisition and supply chain, including--
                            (i) measures to ensure that the current and 
                        projected future scale and impacts of climate 
                        change are fully considered in the research, 
                        development, testing, and acquisition of major 
                        weapon systems and of associated supplies and 
                        equipment;
                            (ii) required alterations of stockpiles;
                            (iii) reduced or changed availability and 
                        access to materials, equipment, and supplies, 
                        including water and food sources;
                            (iv) disruptions in fuel availability and 
                        distribution;
                            (v) estimated climate security investments 
                        required to address foreseeable costs incurred 
                        or influenced by climate change for each of the 
                        lines of effort in this report, including 
                        extreme weather response, over the next 5, 10, 
                        and 20 years, with topline estimates and a 
                        qualitative discussion of cost drivers for 
                        each; and
                            (vi) equipment and infrastructure 
                        investments required to address a changing 
                        Arctic environment; and
                    (E) such other matters as the Secretary determines 
                appropriate; and
            (3) a list of the ten most concerning existing or emerging 
        conflicts or threats that pose a risk to the security of the 
        United States that may be exacerbated by climate change.
    (c) Assessments and Projections of the Scope and Scale of Climate 
Change.--In preparing the update to the climate change roadmap as 
required under subsection (a), the Secretary shall consider--
            (1) climate projections from the Global Change Research 
        Office, National Climate Assessment, the National Oceanic and 
        Atmospheric Administration, and other Federal agencies; and
            (2) data on, and analysis of, the national security effects 
        of climate prepared by the Climate Security Advisory Council of 
        the Office of the Director of National Intelligence established 
        pursuant to section 120 of the National Security Act of 1947 
        (50 U.S.C. 3060) and by other elements of the intelligence 
        community.
    (d) Form.--The update to the climate change roadmap required under 
subsection (a) shall be submitted in an unclassified form, but may 
contain a classified annex. If the Secretary determines that the 
inclusion of a classified annex is necessary, the Secretary shall 
conduct an in-person briefing for Members of the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives by not later than 
90 days after date of the submission of the update.

SEC. 323. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              INSTALLATION ENERGY.

    (a) GAO Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
House of Representatives a report on the progress of the Department of 
Defense toward reaching net zero goals, including an agency-wide view 
and breakdowns of progress by service branch.
    (b) Contents of Report.--The report required under subsection (a) 
shall include--
            (1) an analysis of the extent to which the Department of 
        Defense has implemented net zero initiatives to date and 
        developed a forward-looking integrated net zero strategy for 
        energy, emissions, water, and waste management and the extent 
        to which each of the military departments has implemented such 
        strategy;
            (2) a description of the current challenges to implementing 
        net zero initiatives or meeting net zero goals and the degree 
        to which the Department of Defense and the military departments 
        have addressed applied lessons learned;
            (3) a cost-benefit analysis of net zero initiatives, 
        including a description of how such costs and benefits are 
        identified, tracked, and validated;
            (4) a description of the feasibility of achieving net zero 
        benchmarks of 25 percent, 50 percent, 75 percent, and 100 
        percent of the energy, emissions, water, and waste management 
        levels for 2020, including anticipated funding requirements, 
        statutory requirements, infrastructure needs, and timeframes; 
        and
            (5) an analysis of the integration between energy offices 
        with program offices, budget, and operational planners within 
        the Department of Defense and military departments across the 
        enterprise, and recommendations for improving coordination.
    (c) Form of Report.--The report required under this section shall 
be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.

SEC. 324. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REPORT ON EMISSIONS LEVELS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Department of Defense shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives and to the Comptroller General a report on the total 
level of emissions for each of the last 10 fiscal years. Such emissions 
levels shall include the agency-wide total, breakdowns by military 
department, and delineations between installation and operational 
emissions.
    (b) Form of Report.--The report required under this section shall 
be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.

SEC. 325. OBJECTIVES, PERFORMANCE STANDARDS, AND CRITERIA FOR USE OF 
              WILDLIFE CONSERVATION BANKING PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--To ensure opportunities for Department of Defense 
participation in wildlife conservation banking programs pursuant to 
section 2694c of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the 
Interior, acting through the Director of the United States Fish and 
Wildlife Service, shall issue regulations of general applicability 
establishing objectives, measurable performance standards, and criteria 
for use, consistent with the Endangered Species Act (16 U.S.C. 1531 et 
seq.), for mitigation banking offsetting effects on a species, or 
habitat of such species, that is endangered, threatened, a candidate 
for listing, or otherwise at risk under such Act. To the maximum extent 
practicable, the regulatory standards and criteria shall maximize 
available credits and opportunities for mitigation, provide flexibility 
for characteristics of various species, and apply equivalent standards 
and criteria to all mitigation banks.
    (b) Deadline for Regulations.--The Secretary of the Interior, 
acting through the Director of the United States Fish and Wildlife 
Service, shall publish an advance notice of proposed rulemaking for the 
regulations required by subsection (a) by not later than 1 year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 326. OFFSHORE WIND ENERGY DEVELOPMENT, MORRO BAY, CALIFORNIA.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) Since 2016, the Department of Defense and Department of 
        the Navy have been working with State and Federal stakeholders 
        to determine whether a commercial lease for the development of 
        renewable energy off the coast of Morro Bay, California could 
        be developed in a manner that is compatible with the training 
        and readiness requirements of the Department of Defense.
            (2) Military readiness and the ability to conduct realistic 
        training are critical to our national security; however, energy 
        security and other ocean uses are also important. These 
        interests should be balanced to the extent practicable when 
        analyzing offshore energy proposals.
            (3) In August 2019, Members of Congress, the Assistant 
        Secretary of Defense for Sustainment, senior officials from 
        other Federal agencies, and state and local elected 
        representatives met to discuss a path forward to accommodate 
        wind energy development off the Central Coast of California 
        while ensuring the Department of Defense was able to continue 
        meeting its testing, training, and operational requirements.
            (4) Following the initial meeting in August 2019, the 
        stakeholder group continued meeting at roughly monthly 
        intervals through 2019 and into 2020 to discuss options and 
        work towards a mutually agreeable solution for renewable energy 
        development and continued military testing, training, and 
        operational requirements off the Central Coast of California.
            (5) In May 2020, the Assistant Secretary of the Navy for 
        Energy, Installations, and Environment notified stakeholders 
        that despite the previous year of negotiations, it was his view 
        any wind energy developments off the Central Coast of 
        California may not be viewed as being compatible with military 
        activities. This unilateral decision was made abruptly, without 
        providing any supporting analysis or acknowledgment of the 
        progress and commitments made during previous negotiations, and 
        was not in the spirit of cooperation and collaboration that had 
        driven the previous 9 months of stakeholder engagements.
            (6) Stakeholder confidence in the Department of Defense 
        review process is paramount. Abrupt and unilateral changes of 
        course erode confidence and undermine the State, local, and 
        industry trust in a fair, transparent, and predictable 
        adjudication of potential conflicts.
            (7) In early 2019, in order to create continuity between 
        the offshore and terrestrial processes, the Department of 
        Defense consolidated its review of proposed energy development 
        projects so that offshore energy proposals were now included in 
        the Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Clearinghouse 
        (the Clearinghouse). The Clearinghouse has a proven record for 
        reviewing proposed energy development projects through a fair 
        and transparent process. The Morro Bay proposal pre-dates this 
        consolidation but underwent a similar Department of Defense led 
        compatibility review.
            (8) Congress has generally supported the transparent and 
        fair Clearinghouse review process, as well as all efforts 
        between the Department of Defense and other stakeholders to 
        reach solutions that allow for the development of energy 
        projects in a manner that is compatible with military testing, 
        training, and operational requirements.
            (9) Legislating a solution to a specific energy development 
        proposal should only be reserved for rare occasions. Due to 
        Navy's abrupt and unilateral decision to walk away from 
        productive negotiations, after months of good-faith efforts by 
        other stakeholders and public engagement, the threshold for 
        congressional intervention has been reached.
    (b) Responsibility.--All interaction on behalf of the Department of 
the Navy with the California Energy Commission, Federal agencies, State 
and local governments, and potential energy developers regarding 
proposed offshore wind energy off the central coast of California shall 
be performed through the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment.
    (c) Briefing Requirement; Limitation.--
            (1) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        provide to the Committees on Armed Services and the Committee 
        on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives a briefing 
        on status of the review by the Offshore Energy Working Group of 
        the request to locate at least two offshore wind lease areas 
        proximate to and within the Morro Bay Call Area. Such briefing 
        shall include--
                    (A) a detailed map that shows any areas identified;
                    (B) proposed mitigations that would enable 
                compatible development in the areas identified;
                    (C) any unresolved issues; and
                    (D) any other terms of the agreement reached with 
                the California Energy Commission, other Federal 
                agencies, State and local governments, and potential 
                energy developers.
            (2) Limitation.--The Secretary of Defense may not issue a 
        final offshore wind assessment that proposes wind exclusion 
        areas and may not object to an offshore energy project in the 
        Central Coast of California that has filed for review by the 
        Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Clearinghouse 
        until the Secretary provides the briefing required under 
        paragraph (1).
    (d) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for the Department 
of Defense for fiscal year 2021, not more than 75 percent may be 
obligated or expended for the Office of the Assistant Secretary of the 
Navy for Energy, Installations, and Environment until the date that is 
30 days after the date on which the briefing required under subsection 
(c)(1) is provided.

SEC. 327. LONG-DURATION DEMONSTRATION INITIATIVE AND JOINT PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment of Initiative.--Not later than January 15, 2021, 
the Director of the Environmental Security Technology Certification 
Program of the Department of Defense (hereinafter in this section 
referred to as the ``Director'') may establish a demonstration 
initiative composed of demonstration projects focused on the 
development of long-duration energy storage technologies.
    (b) Selection of Projects.--To the maximum extent practicable, in 
selecting demonstration projects to participate in the demonstration 
initiative under subsection (a), the Director may--
            (1) ensure a range of technology types;
            (2) ensure regional diversity among projects; and
            (3) consider bulk power level, distribution power level, 
        behind-the-meter, microgrid (grid-connected or islanded mode), 
        and off-grid applications.
    (c) Joint Program.--
            (1) Establishment.--As part of the demonstration initiative 
        under subsection (a), the Director, in consultation with the 
        Secretary of Energy, may establish within the Department of 
        Defense a joint program to carry out projects--
                    (A) to demonstrate promising long-duration energy 
                storage technologies at different scales to promote 
                energy resiliency; and
                    (B) to help new, innovative long-duration energy 
                storage technologies become commercially viable.
            (2) Memorandum of understanding.--Not later than 200 days 
        after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director may enter 
        into a memorandum of understanding with the Secretary of Energy 
        to administer the joint program.
            (3) Infrastructure.--In carrying out the joint program, the 
        Director and the Secretary of Energy may--
                    (A) use existing test-bed infrastructure at--
                            (i) installations of the Department of 
                        Defense; and
                            (ii) facilities of the Department of 
                        Energy; and
                    (B) develop new infrastructure for identified 
                projects, if appropriate.
            (4) Goals and metrics.--The Director and the Secretary of 
        Energy may develop goals and metrics for technological progress 
        under the joint program consistent with energy resilience and 
        energy security policies.
            (5) Selection of projects.--
                    (A) In general.--To the maximum extent practicable, 
                in selecting projects to participate in the joint 
                program, the Director and the Secretary of Energy may--
                            (i) ensure that projects are carried out 
                        under conditions that represent a variety of 
                        environments with different physical conditions 
                        and market constraints; and
                            (ii) ensure an appropriate balance of--
                                    (I) larger, operationally-scaled 
                                projects, adapting commercially-proven 
                                technology that meets military service 
                                defined requirements; and
                                    (II) smaller, lower-cost projects.
                    (B) Priority.--In carrying out the joint program, 
                the Director and the Secretary of Energy may give 
                priority to demonstration projects that--
                            (i) make available to the public project 
                        information that will accelerate deployment of 
                        long-duration energy storage technologies that 
                        promote energy resiliency; and
                            (ii) will be carried out as field 
                        demonstrations fully integrated into the 
                        installation grid at an operational scale.

SEC. 328. PRIZES FOR DEVELOPMENT OF NON-PFAS-CONTAINING FIRE-FIGHTING 
              AGENT.

    (a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Assistant Secretary of Defense for Sustainment and the Strategic 
Environmental Research and Development Program, may carry out a program 
to award cash prizes and other types of prizes that the Secretary 
determines are appropriate to recognize outstanding achievements in the 
development of a non-PFAS-containing fire-fighting agent to replace 
aqueous film-forming foam with the potential for application to the 
performance of the military missions of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Competition Requirements.--A program under subsection (a) shall 
use a competitive process for the selection of recipients of cash 
prizes. The process shall include the widely-advertised solicitation of 
submissions of research results, technology developments, and 
prototypes.
    (c) Limitations.--The following limitations shall apply to a 
program under subsection (a):
            (1) No prize competition may result in the award of a prize 
        with a fair market value of more than $5,000,000.
            (2) No prize competition may result in the award of more 
        than $1,000,000 in cash prizes without the approval of the 
        Assistant Secretary of Defense for Sustainment.
            (3) No prize competition may result in the award of a 
        solely nonmonetary prize with a fair market value of more than 
        $10,000 without the approval of the Assistant Secretary of 
        Defense for Sustainment.
    (d) Relationship to Other Authority.--A program under subsection 
(a) may be carried out in conjunction with or in addition to the 
exercise of any other authority of the Department of Defense.
    (e) Use of Prize Authority.--Use of prize authority under this 
section shall be considered the use of competitive procedures for the 
purposes of section 2304 of title 10, United States Code.
    (f) PFAS.--In this section, the term ``PFAS'' means--
            (1) man-made chemicals of which all of the carbon atoms are 
        fully fluorinated carbon atoms; and
            (2) man-made chemicals containing a mix of fully 
        fluorinated carbon atoms, partially fluorinated carbon atoms, 
        and nonfluorinated carbon atoms.
    (g) Termination.--The authority to carry out a program under this 
section shall terminate on October 1, 2024.

SEC. 329. SURVEY OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE APPLICATION 
              IN PHASING OUT THE USE OF FLUORINATED AQUEOUS FILM-
              FORMING FOAM.

    (a) Survey of Technologies.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct 
a survey of relevant technologies, other than fire-fighting agent 
solutions, to determine whether any such technologies are available and 
can be adapted for use by the Department of Defense to facilitate the 
phase-out of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam. The technologies 
surveyed under this subsection shall include hangar flooring systems, 
fire-fighting agent delivery systems, containment systems, and other 
relevant technologies the Secretary determines appropriate.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the results of the survey conducted under 
subsection (a). Such report shall include--
            (1) a description of the technologies included in the 
        survey;
            (2) a list of the technologies that were considered for 
        further testing or analysis; and
            (3) any technologies that are undergoing additional 
        analysis for possible application within the Department.

SEC. 330. INTERAGENCY BODY ON RESEARCH RELATED TO PER- AND 
              POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.

    (a) Establishment.--The Director of the Office of Science and 
Technology Policy, acting through the National Science and Technology 
Council, shall establish an interagency working group to coordinate 
Federal activities to advance research and development needed to 
address PFAS.
    (b) Agency Participation.--The interagency working group shall 
include a representative of each--
            (1) the Environmental Protection Agency;
            (2) the National Institute of Environmental Health 
        Sciences;
            (3) the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry;
            (4) the National Science Foundation;
            (5) the Department of Defense;
            (6) the National Institutes of Health;
            (7) the National Institute of Standards and Technology;
            (8) the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration;
            (9) the Department of the Interior;
            (10) the Department of Transportation;
            (11) the Department of Homeland Security;
            (12) the National Aeronautics and Space Administration;
            (13) the National Toxicology Program;
            (14) the Department of Agriculture;
            (15) the Geological Survey;
            (16) the Department of Commerce;
            (17) the Department of Energy;
            (18) the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs;
            (19) the Office of Management and Budget; and
            (20) any such other Federal department or agency as the 
        President considers appropriate.
    (c) Co-Chairs.--The Interagency working group shall be co-chaired 
by the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy and, on 
an annual rotating basis, a representative from a Member agency, as 
selected by the Director of the Office of Science and Technology 
Policy.
    (d) Responsibilities of the Working Group.--The interagency working 
group established under subsection (a) shall--
            (1) provide for interagency coordination of Federally 
        funded PFAS research and development; and
            (2) not later than 12 months after the date of enactment of 
        this Act, develop a strategic plan for Federal support for PFAS 
        research and development (to be updated not less than every 2 
        years) that--
                    (A) identifies all current Federally funded PFAS 
                research and development, including the nature and 
                scope of such research and development and the amount 
                of funding associated with such research and 
                development during the current fiscal year, 
                disaggregated by agency;
                    (B) identifies scientific and technological 
                challenges that must be addressed to understand and to 
                significantly reduce the environmental and human health 
                impacts of PFAS and to identify cost-effective--
                            (i) alternatives to PFAS that are designed 
                        to be safer and more environmentally friendly;
                            (ii) methods for removal of PFAS from the 
                        environment; and
                            (iii) methods to safely destroy or degrade 
                        PFAS;
                    (C) establishes goals, priorities, and metrics for 
                Federally funded PFAS research and development that 
                takes into account the current state of research and 
                development identified in paragraph (A) and the 
                challenges identified in paragraph (B); and
                    (D) an implementation plan for Federal agencies.
    (e) Consultation.--In developing the strategic plan under 
subsection (d), the interagency working group shall consult with 
states, tribes, territories, local governments, appropriate industries, 
academic institutions and nongovernmental organizations with expertise 
in PFAS research and development, treatment, management, and 
alternative development.
    (f) Annual Report.--For each fiscal year beginning with fiscal year 
2022, not later than 90 days after submission of the President's annual 
budget request for such fiscal year, the Interagency working group 
shall prepare and submit to Congress a report that includes--
            (1) a summary of Federally funded PFAS research and 
        development for such fiscal year and the preceding fiscal year, 
        including a disaggregation of spending for each participating 
        Federal agency; and
            (2) a description of how Federal agencies are implementing 
        the strategic plan described in subsection (d).
    (g) PFAS Research and Development.--The term ``PFAS research and 
development'' includes any research or project that has the goal of 
accomplishing the following:
            (1) The removal of PFAS from the environment.
            (2) The safe destruction or degradation of PFAS.
            (3) The development and deployment of safer and more 
        environmentally friendly alternative substances that are 
        functionally similar to those made with PFAS.
            (4) The understanding of sources of environmental PFAS 
        contamination and pathways to exposure for the public.
            (5) The understanding of the toxicity of PFAS to humans and 
        animals.

SEC. 331. RESTRICTION ON PROCUREMENT BY DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY OF 
              CERTAIN ITEMS CONTAINING PERFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES AND 
              POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.

    (a) Prohibition.--The Director of the Defense Logistics Agency may 
not procure any covered item containing a perfluoroalkyl substance or 
polyfluoroalkyl substance.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered item'' means--
                    (A) non-stick cookware or food service ware for use 
                in galleys or dining facilities;
                    (B) food packaging materials;
                    (C) furniture or floor waxes;
                    (D) carpeting, rugs, or upholstered furniture;
                    (E) personal care items;
                    (F) dental floss; and
                    (G) sunscreen.
            (2) The term ``perfluoroalkyl substance'' means a man-made 
        chemical of which all of the carbon atoms are fully fluorinated 
        carbon atoms.
            (3) The term ``polyfluoroalkyl substance'' means a man-made 
        chemical containing a mix of fully fluorinated carbon atoms, 
        partially fluorinated carbon atoms, and nonfluorinated carbon 
        atoms.
    (c) Effective Date.--This section shall take effect on the date 
that is one year after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 332. STANDARDS FOR REMOVAL OR REMEDIAL ACTIONS WITH RESPECT TO 
              PFOS OR PFOA CONTAMINATION.

    (a) In General.--In conducting removal or remedial actions pursuant 
to the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and 
Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.) or section 332 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 
116-92) of PFOS or PFOA contamination from Department of Defense or 
National Guard activities found in drinking water or in groundwater 
that is not currently used for drinking water, the Secretary of Defense 
shall ensure that such actions result in a level that meets or exceeds 
the most stringent of the following standards for PFOS or PFOA in any 
environmental media:
            (1) An enforceable State standard, in effect in that State, 
        for drinking, surface, or ground water, as described in section 
        121(d)(2)(A)(ii) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, 
        Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 
        9621(d)(2)(A)(ii)).
            (2) An enforceable Federal standard for drinking, surface, 
        or ground water, as described in section 121(d)(2)(A)(i) of the 
        Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and 
        Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9621(d)(2)(A)(i)).
            (3) A health advisory under section 1412(b)(1)(F) of the 
        Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300g-1(b)(1)(F)).
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``PFOA'' means perfluorooctanoic acid.
            (2) The term ``PFOS'' means perfluorooctane sulfonate.
            (3) The terms ``removal'' and ``remedial action'' have the 
        meanings given those terms in section 101 of the Comprehensive 
        Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 
        (42 U.S.C. 9601).
    (c) Savings Clause.--Except with respect to the specific level 
required to be met under subsection (a), nothing in this section 
affects the application of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, 
Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9607).

SEC. 333. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF ALTERNATIVE TO AQUEOUS FILM-
              FORMING FOAM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
National Institute of Standards and Technology and in consultation with 
appropriate stakeholders and manufactures, research institutions, and 
other Federal agencies shall award grants and carry out other 
activities to--
            (1) promote and advance the research and development of 
        additional alternatives to aqueous film-forming foam (in this 
        section referred to as ``AFFF'') containing per- and 
        polyfluoroalkyl substances (in this section referred to as 
        ``PFAS'') to facilitate the development of a military 
        specification and subsequent fielding of a PFAS-free fire-
        fighting foam;
            (2) advance the use of green and sustainable chemistry for 
        a fluorine-free alternative to AFFF;
            (3) increase opportunities for sharing best practices 
        within the research and development sector with respect to 
        AFFF;
            (4) assist in the testing of potential alternatives to 
        AFFF; and
            (5) provide guidelines on priorities with respect to an 
        alternative to AFFF.
    (b) Additional Requirements.--In carrying out the program required 
under subsection (a), the Secretary shall--
            (1) take into consideration the different uses of AFFF and 
        the priorities of the Department of Defense in finding an 
        alternative;
            (2) prioritize green and sustainable chemicals that do not 
        pose a threat to public health or the environment; and
            (3) use and leverage research from existing Department of 
        Defense programs.
    (c) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on--
            (1) the priorities and actions taken with respect to 
        finding an alternative to AFFF and the implementation of such 
        priorities; and
            (2) any alternatives the Secretary has denied, and the 
        reason for any such denial.
    (d) Use of Funds.--This section shall be carried out using amounts 
authorized to be available for the Strategic Environmental Research and 
Development Program.

SEC. 334. NOTIFICATION TO AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS LOCATED IN AREAS 
              EXPOSED TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PFAS USE.

    (a) Notification Required.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
with the Secretary of Agriculture, shall provide a notification 
described in subsection (b) to any agricultural operation located 
within 10 square miles of a location where covered PFAS--
            (1) has been detected in groundwater;
            (2) has been hydrologically linked to a local water source, 
        including a water well; and
            (3) is suspected to be, or due to a positive test known to 
        be, the result of the use of PFAS at any installation of the 
        Department of Defense located in the United States or any 
        State-owned facility of the National Guard.
    (b) Notification Requirements.--The notification required under 
subparagraph (a) shall include:
            (1) The name of the Department of Defense or National Guard 
        installation from which the PFAS contamination in groundwater 
        originated.
            (2) The specific type of PFAS detected in groundwater.
            (3) The detection levels of PFAS detected.
            (4) Relevant governmental information regarding the health 
        and safety of the covered PFAS detected, including relevant 
        Federal or State standards for PFAS in groundwater, livestock, 
        food commodities and drinking water, and any known restrictions 
        for sale of agricultural products that have been irrigated or 
        watered with water containing PFAS.
    (c) Additional Testing Results.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
provide to an agricultural operation that receives a notice under 
subsection (a) any pertinent updated information, including any results 
of new elevated testing, by not later than 15 days after receiving such 
information.
    (d) Report to Congress.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
Forestry of the Senate and the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
Representatives a report on the status of providing notice under 
subsection (a). Such report shall include, for the period covered by 
the report--
            (1) the approximate locations of such operations relative 
        to installations of the Department of Defense located in the 
        United States and State-owned facilities of the National Guard;
            (2) the PFAS substances detected in groundwater; and
            (3) the levels of PFAS detected.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered PFAS'' means each of the following:
                    (A) Perfluorooctanoic acid (commonly referred to as 
                ``PFOA'') (Chemical Abstracts Service No. 335-67-1).
                    (B) Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (commonly 
                referred to as ``PFOS'') (Chemical Abstracts Service 
                No. 1763-23-1).
                    (C) Perfluorobutanesulfonic acid ( commonly 
                referred to as ``PFBS'') (Chemical Abstracts Service 
                No. 375-73-5).
                    (D) Perfluorohexane sulfonate (commonly referred to 
                as ``PFHxs'') (Chemical Abstracts Service No. 108427-
                53-8).
                    (E) Perfluoroheptanoic acid (commonly referred to 
                as ``PFHpA'') (Chemical Abstracts Service No. 375-85-
                9).
                    (F) Perfluorohexanoic acid (commonly referred to as 
                ``PFHxA'') (Chemical Abstracts Service No. 307-24-4).
                    (G) Perfluorodecanoic acid (commonly referred to as 
                ``PFDA'') (Chemical Abstracts Service No. 335-76-2).
                    (H) Perfluorononanoic acid (commonly referred to as 
                ``PFNA'') (Chemical Abstracts Service No. 375-95-1).
            (2) The term ``PFAS'' means a perfluoroalkyl or 
        polyfluoroalkyl substance with at least one fully fluorinated 
        carbon atom, including the chemical GenX.

SEC. 335. PUBLIC DISCLOSURE OF RESULTS OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TESTING 
              FOR PERFLUOROALKYL OR POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.

    (a) Public Disclosure of PFAS Testing.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall publicly disclose the results of any testing for perfluoroalkyl 
or polyfluoroalkyl substances (commonly referred to as ``PFAS'') 
conducted on military installations or formerly used defense sites, and 
any testing for lead or copper at a Department education activity 
facility, including--
            (1) all such testing results conducted by the Department of 
        Defense; and
            (2) all such testing results conducted by a non-Department 
        entity (including any Federal agency and any public or private 
        entity) under contract by or pursuant to an agreement with the 
        Department of Defense.
    (b) Nature of Disclosure.--The Secretary of Defense may satisfy the 
disclosure requirement under subsection (a) by publishing the 
information, datasets, and results relating to the testing referred to 
in such subsection--
            (1) on the publicly available website established under 
        section 331(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act of 
        2020 (Public Law 116-92) by not later than 7 days after such 
        information, datasets, and results become available;
            (2) on another publicly available website of the Department 
        of Defense by not later than 7 days after such information, 
        datasets, and results become available; or
            (3) in the Federal Register by not later than 30 days after 
        such information, datasets, and results become available.
    (c) Requirements.--The information required to be disclosed by the 
Secretary of Defense under subsection (a) and published under 
subsection (b) shall--
            (1) constitute a record for the purposes of chapters 21, 
        29, 31, and 33 of title 44, United States Code; and
            (2) include any underlying datasets or additional 
        information of interest to the public, as determined by the 
        Secretary of Defense.
    (d) Local Notification.--Prior to conducting any testing for 
perfluoroalkyl or polyfluoroalkyl substances, the Secretary of Defense 
shall provide to the managers of the public water system and the 
publicly owned treatment works serving the areas located immediately 
adjacent to the military installation where such testing is to occur 
notice in writing of the testing.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``formerly used defense site'' means any site 
        formerly used by the Department of Defense or National Guard 
        eligible for environmental restoration by the Secretary of 
        Defense funded under the ``Environmental Restoration Account, 
        Formerly Used Defense Sites'' account established under section 
        2703(a)(5) of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) The term ``military installation'' has the meaning 
        given such term in section 2801(c)(4) of title 10, United 
        States Code.
            (3) The term ``perfluoroalkyl or polyfluoroalkyl 
        substance'' means any per or polyfluoroalkyl substance with at 
        least one fully fluorinated carbon atom.
            (4) The term ``public water system'' has the meaning given 
        such term under section 1401(4) of the Safe Drinking Water Act 
        (42 U.S.C. 300f(4)).
            (5) The term ``treatment works'' has the meaning given such 
        term in section 212(2) of the Federal Water Pollution Control 
        Act (33 U.S.C. 1292(2)).

SEC. 336. BIOLOGICAL THREATS REPORT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with 
the Secretary of State, shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
committees a report on efforts to prevent, detect, and respond to 
biological threats, including through cooperation with bilateral and 
multilateral partners.
    (b) Elements.--The report shall include the following:
            (1) A description of actions taken by the Department of 
        Defense to improve proliferation prevention regarding, 
        detection of, and response to biological threats of natural, 
        accidental, or deliberate origin, including the following:
                    (A) Department of Defense policy guidance to 
                address the threat of naturally and accidentally 
                occurring diseases in addition to potential deliberate 
                biological events.
                    (B) Organizational chart describing those 
                responsible in each Department for coordinating these 
                activities, in accordance with the report required by 
                section 745 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
                for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92).
                    (C) A description of efforts to integrate 
                Department of Defense infectious disease research, 
                cooperative threat reduction programs, and other 
                activities designed to protect Department of Defense 
                personnel against infectious disease threats.
            (2) Programs and policies to address the threat of 
        accidental or deliberate misuse of emerging biological 
        technologies, including synthetic biology, including 
        Cooperative Threat Reduction, efforts to cooperate with other 
        partners to establish international norms and standards, 
        consideration of new technologies in the Biological Threat 
        Reduction Program, and efforts to develop countermeasures.

SEC. 337. REPORT ON ENERGY SAVINGS PERFORMANCE CONTRACTS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report on the use of energy 
savings performance contracts (in this section referred to as 
``ESPCs'') by the Department of Defense. Such report shall include--
            (1) the total investment value of the total number of ESPCs 
        per service for fiscal years 2016 through 2020;
            (2) the location of facilities with ESPCs for fiscal years 
        2016 through 2020;
            (3) any limitations on expanding ESPCs throughout the 
        Department of Defense;
            (4) the effect ESPCs have on military readiness; and
            (5) any additional information the Secretary determines 
        relevant.
    (b) Appropriate Congressional Committees.--In this section, the 
appropriate congressional committees are--
            (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives; and
            (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Energy and Natural Resources, and the Committee on Environment 
        and Public Works of the Senate.

SEC. 338. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING AN INTEGRATED MASTER PLAN TOWARDS 
              ACHIEVING NET ZERO.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Department of Defense should 
develop an integrated master plan for pursuing Net Zero initiatives and 
reductions in fossil fuels using the findings of--
            (1) the assessment of Department of Defense operational 
        energy usage required under section 318;
            (2) the Comptroller General report on Department of Defnse 
        installation energy required under section 323; and
            (3) the Department of Defense report on emissions required 
        under section 324.

SEC. 339. INCREASE IN FUNDING FOR CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL STUDY ON 
              HEALTH IMPLICATIONS HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF PER- AND 
              POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES CONTAMINATION IN DRINKING 
              WATER.

    Section 316(a)(2)(B)(ii) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) is amended by striking 
``$10,000,000'' and inserting ``$15,000,000''.

SEC. 340. MORATORIUM ON INCINERATION BY DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OF 
              PERFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES, POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES, 
              AND AQUEOUS FILM FORMING FOAM.

    (a) In General.--Beginning on the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall prohibit the incineration of 
materials containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances or aqueous 
film forming foam until regulations have been prescribed by the 
Secretary that--
            (1) implement the requirements of section 330 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public 
        Law 116-92); and
            (2) take into consideration the interim guidance published 
        by the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency 
        under section 7361 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92).
    (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the publication of the 
final regulations described in subsection (a), and annually thereafter, 
the Secretary shall submit to the Administrator of the Environmental 
Protection Agency a report on all incineration by the Department of 
Defense of materials containing perfluoroalkyl substances, 
polyfluoroalkyl substances, or aqueous film forming foam during the 
year covered by the report, including--
            (1) the total amount of such materials incinerated;
            (2) the temperature range at which such materials were 
        incinerated; and
            (3) the locations and facilities where such materials were 
        incinerated.

SEC. 341. GUARANTEEING EQUIPMENT SAFETY FOR FIREFIGHTERS ACT OF 2020.

    (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Guaranteeing 
Equipment Safety for Firefighters Act of 2020''.
    (b) National Institute of Standards and Technology Study on Per- 
and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances in Personal Protective Equipment Worn by 
Firefighters.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 3 years after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Director of the National 
        Institute of Standards and Technology shall, subject to 
        availability of appropriations, in consultation with the 
        Director of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and 
        Health, complete a study of the contents and composition of new 
        and unused personal protective equipment worn by firefighters.
            (2) Contents of study.--In carrying out the study required 
        by paragraph (1), the Director of the National Institute of 
        Standards and Technology shall examine--
                    (A) the identity, prevalence, and concentration of 
                per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (commonly known as 
                ``PFAS'') in the personal protective equipment worn by 
                firefighters;
                    (B) the conditions and extent to which per- and 
                polyfluoroalkyl substances are released into the 
                environment over time from the degradation of personal 
                protective equipment from normal use by firefighters; 
                and
                    (C) the relative risk of exposure to per- and 
                polyfluoroalkyl substances faced by firefighters from--
                            (i) their use of personal protective 
                        equipment; and
                            (ii) degradation of personal protective 
                        equipment from normal use by firefighters.
            (3) Reports.--
                    (A) Progress reports.--Not less frequently than 
                once each year for the duration of the study conducted 
                under paragraph (1), the Director shall submit to 
                Congress a report on the progress of the Director in 
                conducting such study.
                    (B) Final report.--Not later than 90 days after the 
                date on which the Director completes the study required 
                by paragraph (1), the Director shall submit to Congress 
                a report describing--
                            (i) the findings of the Director with 
                        respect to the study; and
                            (ii) recommendations on what additional 
                        research or technical improvements to personal 
                        protective equipment materials or components 
                        should be pursued to avoid unnecessary 
                        occupational exposure among firefighters to 
                        per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances through 
                        personal protective equipment.
    (c) Research on Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances in Personal 
Protective Equipment Worn by Firefighters.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the submittal of the report required by subsection (b)(3)(B), 
        the Director of the National Institute of Standards and 
        Technology shall--
                    (A) issue a solicitation for research proposals to 
                carry out the research recommendations identified in 
                the report submitted under subsection (b)(3); and
                    (B) award grants to applicants that submit research 
                proposals to develop safe alternatives to per- and 
                polyfluoroalkyl substances in personal protective 
                equipment.
            (2) Criteria.--The Director shall select research proposals 
        to receive a grant under paragraph (1) on the basis of merit, 
        using criteria identified by the Director, including the 
        likelihood that the research results will address the findings 
        of the Director with respect to the study conducted under 
        subsection (b)(1).
            (3) Eligible entities.--Any entity or group of 2 or more 
        entities may submit to the Director a research proposal in 
        response to the solicitation for research proposals under 
        paragraph (1), including--
                    (A) State and local agencies;
                    (B) public institutions, including public 
                institutions of higher education;
                    (C) private corporations; and
                    (D) nonprofit organizations.
    (d) Authority for Director of the National Institute of Standards 
and Technology to Consult With Experts on Matters Relating to Per- and 
Polyfluoroalkyl Substances.--In carrying out this section, the Director 
of the National Institute of Standards and Technology may consult with 
Federal agencies, nongovernmental organizations, State and local 
governments, and science and research institutions determined by the 
Director to have scientific or material interest in reducing 
unnecessary occupational exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
substances by firefighters.
    (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--
            (1) In general.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
        the Director $2,500,000 to carry out this section.
            (2) Supplement not supplant.--Funds made available to carry 
        out this section shall supplement and not supplant funds made 
        available to the Director for other purposes.

SEC. 342. ASSESSMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EXCESS PROPERTY PROGRAMS 
              WITH RESPECT TO NEED AND WILDFIRE RISK.

    (a) Assessment of Programs.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
        the Director of the Defense Logistics Agency, jointly with the 
        Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the Chief of the 
        Forest Service, shall assess the Firefighter Property Program 
        (FFP) and the Federal Excess Personal Property Program (FEPP) 
        implementation and best practices, taking into account 
        community need and risk, including whether a community is an 
        at-risk community (as defined in section 101(1) of the Healthy 
        Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6511(1)).
            (2) Collaboration.--In carrying out the assessment required 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense, acting through 
        the Director of the Defense Logistics Agency, and the Secretary 
        of Agriculture, acting through the Chief of the Forest Service, 
        shall consult with State foresters and participants in the 
        programs described in such paragraph.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Director of the Defense Logistics Agency, jointly with the Secretary of 
Agriculture, acting through the Chief of the Forest Service, shall 
submit to the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Armed 
Services and the Committee on Agriculture, Forestry, and Nutrition of 
the Senate a report on the assessment required under paragraph (1) of 
subsection (a) and any findings and recommendations with respect to the 
programs described in such paragraph.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

SEC. 351. NATIONAL DEFENSE SUSTAINMENT AND LOGISTICS REVIEW.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 2 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 118 the following new section:
``Sec. 118a. National Defense Sustainment and Logistics Review
    ``(a) Quadrennial Review Required.--Two years after the submittal 
of each national defense strategy under section 113(g) of this title, 
the Secretary of Defense shall conduct a comprehensive review of the 
sustainment and logistics requirements necessary to support the force 
structure, force modernization, infrastructure, and other elements of 
the defense program and policies of the United States during the 
subsequent 5-, 10-, and 25-year periods. Each such review shall be 
known as the `National Defense Sustainment and Logistics Review'. Each 
such review shall be conducted in consultation with the Secretaries of 
the military departments, the chief of the armed services, the 
Commander of United States Transportation Command, and the Commander of 
the Defense Logistics Agency.
    ``(b) Report to Congress.--(1) Not later than the first Monday in 
February of the year following the fiscal year during which the review 
required by subsection (a) is submitted, the Secretary shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report on the review. Each such 
report shall include each of the following:
            ``(A) An assessment of the strategic and tactical maritime 
        logistics force (including non-military assets provided by 
        Military Sealift Command and through the Voluntary Intermodal 
        Sealift Agreement) required to support sealift and at sea 
        logistics requirements of forces to meet steady state and 
        contingency requirements.
            ``(B) An assessment of the strategic and tactical airlift 
        and tankers (including non-military assets provided by the 
        Civil Reserve Air Fleet and through the Voluntary Tanker 
        Agreement) required to support movement of forces to meet 
        steady state and contingency requirements.
            ``(C) An assessment of the location, configuration, and 
        inventory of prepositioned materiel and equipment programs 
        required to meet steady state and contingency requirements.
            ``(D) An assessment of the location, infrastructure, and 
        storage capacity for petroleum, oil, and lubricant products, as 
        well as the ability to distribute such products from storage 
        supply points to deployed military forces, required to meet 
        steady state and contingency requirements.
            ``(E) An assessment of the capabilities, capacity, and 
        infrastructure of the Department of Defense organic industrial 
        base and private sector industrial base required to meet 
        steady-state and surge software and depot maintenance 
        requirements.
            ``(F) An assessment of the production capability, capacity, 
        and infrastructure, of the Department of Defense organic 
        industrial base and private sector industrial base required to 
        meet steady-state and surge production requirements for 
        ammunition and other military munitions.
            ``(G) An assessment of the condition, capacity, and 
        location of military infrastructure required to project 
        military forces to meet steady-state and contingency 
        requirements.
            ``(H) An assessment of the cybersecurity risks to military 
        and commercial logistics networks and information technology 
        systems.
            ``(I) An assessment of the gaps between the requirements 
        identified under subparagraphs (A) through (H) compared to the 
        actual force structure and infrastructure capabilities, 
        capacity, and posture and the risks associated with each gap as 
        it relates to the ability to meet the national defense 
        strategy.
            ``(J) A discussion of the identified mitigations being 
        pursued to address each gap and risk identified under 
        subparagraph (I) as well as the initiatives and resources 
        planned to address such gaps, as included in the Department of 
        Defense budget request submitted during the same year as the 
        report and the applicable future-years defense program.
            ``(K) An assessment of the extent to which wargames 
        conducted by the Department of Defense, Joint Staff, geographic 
        combatant commands, and military departments incorporate 
        logistics capabilities and threats and a description of the 
        logistics constraints to operations identified through such 
        wargames.
            ``(L) Such other matters the Secretary of Defense considers 
        appropriate.
    ``(2) The report required under this subsection shall be submitted 
in classified form and shall include an unclassified summary.
    ``(c) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date on which Secretary submits each report required under 
subsection (b), the Comptroller General shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report that includes an assessment 
of each of the following:
            ``(1) Whether the report includes each of the elements 
        referred to in subsection (b).
            ``(2) The strengths and weaknesses of the approach and 
        methodology used in conducting the review required under 
        subsection (a) that is covered by the report.
            ``(3) Any other matters relating to sustainment that may 
        arise from the report, as the Comptroller General considers 
        appropriate.
    ``(d) Relationship to Budget.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to affect section 1105(a) of title 31.
    ``(e) Termination.--The requirement to submit a report under this 
section shall terminate on the date that is 10 years after the date of 
the enactment of this section.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
118 the following new item:

``118a. National Defense Sustainment and Logistics Review.''.
    (c) Deadline for Submittal of First Report.--Notwithstanding the 
deadline in subsection (b)(1) of section 118a of title 10, United 
States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall submit the first report 
under such section by no later than the date that is 18 months after 
the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 352. EXTENSION OF SUNSET RELATING TO CHARTER AIR TRANSPORTATION 
              SERVICES.

    Section 9515(k) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``2020'' and inserting ``2025''.

SEC. 353. ADDITIONAL ELEMENTS FOR INCLUSION IN NAVY SHIP DEPOT 
              MAINTENANCE BUDGET REPORT.

    Section 363(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraphs:
            ``(6) The execution of the planned schedule, categorized by 
        class of ship, for each of the three preceding fiscal years, 
        including--
                    ``(A) the actual contract award compared to the 
                milestone;
                    ``(B) the planned completion date compared to the 
                actual completion date; and
                    ``(C) each regional maintenance center's 
                availability schedule performance for on-time 
                availability completion.
            ``(7) In accordance with the findings of the Government 
        Accountability Office (GAO 20-370)--
                    ``(A) in 2021, an analysis plan for the evaluation 
                of pilot program availabilities funded by the Other 
                Procurement, Navy account; and
                    ``(B) in 2022, a report on the Navy's progress 
                implementing such analysis plan.''.

SEC. 354. MODIFICATION TO LIMITATION ON LENGTH OF OVERSEAS FORWARD 
              DEPLOYMENT OF NAVAL VESSELS.

    Section 323(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 8690 note) is amended by 
striking ``In the case of any naval vessel'' and inserting ``In the 
case of any aircraft carrier, amphibious ship, cruiser, destroyer, 
frigate, or littoral combat ship''.

SEC. 355. INDEPENDENT ADVISORY PANEL ON WEAPON SYSTEM SUSTAINMENT.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish an 
independent advisory panel (in this section referred to as the 
``panel'') on the weapon system sustainment ecosystem. The National 
Defense University and the Defense Acquisition University shall sponsor 
the panel, including by providing administrative support.
    (b) Membership.--
            (1) Composition.--The panel shall be comprised of nine 
        members, of whom--
                    (A) five shall be appointed by the Secretary of 
                Defense;
                    (B) one shall be appointed by the Chairman of the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
                    (C) one shall be appointed by the Ranking Member of 
                the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
                    (D) one shall be appointed by the Chairman of the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
                Representatives; and
                    (E) one shall be appointed by the Ranking Member of 
                the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
                Representatives.
            (2) Expertise.--In making appointments under this 
        subsection, consideration should be given to individuals with 
        expertise in public and private-sector acquisition, 
        sustainment, and logistics policy in aviation, ground, maritime 
        systems, and space systems and their related components.
            (3) Appointment date.--The appointment of the members of 
        the panel shall be made not later than 120 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Duties.--The panel shall--
            (1) review the weapon system sustainment ecosystem from 
        development, production, and sustainment of the weapon system 
        through use in the field, depot and field-level maintenance, 
        modification, and disposal with a goal of--
                    (A) maximizing the availability and mission 
                capabilities of weapon systems;
                    (B) reducing overall life-cycle costs of weapon 
                systems during fielding, operation and sustainment; and
                    (C) aligning weapon system sustainment functions to 
                the most recent national defense strategy submitted 
                pursuant to section 113 of title 10, United States 
                Code; and
            (2) using information from the review of the weapon system 
        sustainment ecosystem, make recommendations related to 
        statutory, regulatory, policy, or operational best practices 
        the panel considers necessary.
    (d) Report.--
            (1) Interim report.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        on which all members of the panel have been appointed, the 
        panel shall provide to the Secretary of Defense and the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
        Representatives a briefing on the interim findings and 
        recommendations of the panel.
            (2) Final report.--Not later than 2 years after the date on 
        which all members of the panel have been appointed, the panel 
        shall submit to the Secretary of Defense and the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a 
        report setting for a detailed statement of the findings and 
        conclusions the panel as a result of the review described in 
        subsection (c), together with such recommendations related to 
        statutory, regulatory, policy, or operational practices as the 
        panel considers appropriate in light of the results of the 
        review.
    (e) Administrative Matters.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide the 
        panel with timely access to appropriate information, data, 
        resources, analysis, and logistics support so that the panel 
        may conduct a thorough and independent assessment as required 
        under this section.
            (2) Effect of lack of appointment by appointment date.--If 
        any member has not been appointed by the date specified in 
        subsection (b)(3), the authority to appoint such member under 
        subsection (b)(1) shall expire, and the number of members of 
        the panel shall be reduced by the number equal to the number of 
        appointments so not made.
            (3) Period of appointment; vacancies.--Members of the panel 
        shall be appointed for the duration of the panel. Any vacancy 
        in the panel shall not affect its powers, but shall be filled 
        in the same manner as the original appointment.
            (4) Chair.--The panel shall select a Chair from among its 
        members. The Chair may not be a Federal officer or employee.
    (f) Termination.--The panel shall terminate 90 days after the date 
on which the panel submits the report required under subsection (d)(2).

SEC. 356. BIANNUAL BRIEFINGS ON STATUS OF SHIPYARD INFRASTRUCTURE 
              OPTIMIZATION PLAN.

    (a) Briefings Required.--During the period beginning on July 1, 
2020, and ending on July 1, 2025, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
provide to the congressional defense committees biannual briefings on 
the status of the Shipyard Infrastructure Optimization Plan.
    (b) Elements of Briefings.--Each briefing under subsection (a) 
shall include a discussion of the status of each of the following 
elements:
            (1) A master plan for infrastructure development, including 
        projected military construction and capital equipment projects.
            (2) A planning and design update for military construction, 
        minor military construction, and facility sustainment projects 
        over the subsequent five-year period.
            (3) A human capital management and development plan.
            (4) A workload management plan that includes 
        synchronization requirements for each shipyard and ship class.
            (5) Performance metrics and an assessment plan.
            (6) A funding and authority plan that includes funding 
        lines across the future years defense program.

SEC. 357. MATERIEL READINESS METRICS AND OBJECTIVES FOR MAJOR WEAPON 
              SYSTEMS.

    (a) In General.--Section 118 of title 10, United States Code is 
amended--
            (1) by amending the section heading to read as follows: 
        ``Materiel readiness metrics and objectives for major weapon 
        systems'';
            (2) by striking ``Not later than five days'' and inserting 
        the following:
    ``(d) Budget Justification.--Not later than five days'';
            (3) by inserting before subsection (d) (as designated by 
        paragraph (2)) the following new subsections:
    ``(a) Materiel Readiness Metrics.--Each head of an element of the 
Department specified in paragraphs (1) through (10) of section 111(b) 
of this title shall establish and maintain materiel readiness metrics 
to enable assessment of the readiness of members of the armed forces to 
carry out--
            ``(1) the strategic framework required by section 
        113(g)(1)(B)(vii) of this title; and
            ``(2) guidance issued by the Secretary of Defense pursuant 
        to section 113(g)(1)(B) of this title.
    ``(b) Required Metrics.--At a minimum, the materiel readiness 
metrics required by subsection (a) shall address the materiel 
availability, operational availability, operational capability, and 
materiel reliability of each major weapon system by designated mission, 
design series, variant, or class.
    ``(c) Materiel Readiness Objectives.--(1) Not later than one year 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, each head of an element 
described in subsection (a) shall establish the metrics required by 
subsection (b) necessary to support the strategic framework and 
guidance referred to in paragraph (1) and (2) of subsection (a).
    ``(2) Annually, each head of an element described in subsection (a) 
shall review and revise the metrics required by subsection (b) and 
include any such revisions in the materials submitted to Congress in 
support of the budget of the President under section 1105 of title 
31.'';
            (4) in subsection (d) (as designated by paragraph (2))--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``materiel reliability, and 
                        mean down time metrics for each major weapons 
                        system'' and inserting ``operational 
                        availability, and materiel reliability for each 
                        major weapon system''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``and'' at the end;
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a period at the end; and
                    (C) by striking paragraph (3); and
            (5) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `major weapon system' has the meaning given 
        in section 2379(f) of this title.
            ``(2) The term `materiel availability' means a measure of 
        the percentage of the total inventory of a major weapon system 
        that is operationally capable of performing an assigned 
        mission.
            ``(3) The term `materiel reliability' means the probability 
        that a major weapon system will perform without failure over a 
        specified interval.
            ``(4) The term `operational availability' means a measure 
        of the percentage of time a major weapon system is 
        operationally capable.
            ``(5) The term `operationally capable' means a materiel 
        condition indicating that a major weapon system is capable of 
        performing its assigned mission and has no discrepancies with a 
        subsystem of a major weapon system.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 2 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 118 and inserting the following new item:

``118. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives for major defense 
                            acquisition programs.''.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than October 1, 2021, the Secretary of 
Defense shall brief the congressional defense committees regarding the 
implementation of the materiel readiness metrics required under section 
118 of title 10, United States Code, as amended by subsection (a).

               Subtitle D--Munitions Safety and Oversight

SEC. 361. CHAIR OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EXPLOSIVE SAFETY BOARD.

    (a) Responsibilities.--Section 172 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(c) Responsibilities of Chair.--The chair of the explosive safety 
board shall carry out the following responsibilities:
            ``(1) To act as the principal executive representative and 
        advisor of the Secretary on explosive and chemical agent safety 
        matters related to Department of Defense military munitions.
            ``(2) To perform the hazard classification approval duties 
        assigned to the chair.
            ``(3) To preside over meetings of the explosive safety 
        board.
            ``(4) To direct the staff of the explosive safety board.
            ``(5) To performs other functions relating to explosives 
        safety management, as directed by the Assistant Secretary of 
        Defense for Sustainment.
            ``(6) To provide impartial and objective advice related to 
        explosives safety management to the Secretary of Defense and 
        the heads of the military departments.
            ``(7) To serve as the principal representative and advisor 
        of the Department of Defense on matters relating to explosives 
        safety management.
            ``(8) To provide assistance and advice to the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the 
        Deputy Director of Land Warfare and Munitions in munitions 
        acquisition oversight and technology advancement for Department 
        of Defense military munitions, especially in the areas of 
        explosives and chemical agent safety and demilitarization.
            ``(9) To provide assistance and advice to the Assistant 
        Secretary of Defense for Logistics and Material Readiness in 
        sustainment oversight of Department of Defense military 
        munitions, especially in the areas of explosives and chemical 
        agent safety, storage, transportation, and demilitarization.
            ``(10) To develop and recommend issuances to define the 
        functions of the explosive safety board.
            ``(11) To establishes joint hazard classification 
        procedures with covered components of the Department.
            ``(12) To make recommendations to the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment with respect to 
        explosives and chemical agent safety tenets and requirements.
            ``(13) To conducts oversight of Department of Defense 
        explosive safety management programs.
            ``(14) To carry out such other responsibilities as the 
        Secretary of Defense determines appropriate.
    ``(d) Responsibilities of Executive Director and Civilian 
Members.--The executive director and civilian members of the explosive 
safety board shall--
            ``(1) provide assistance to the chair in carrying out the 
        responsibilities specified in subsection (c); and
            ``(2) carry out such other responsibilities as the chair 
        determines appropriate.
    ``(e) Meetings.--(1) The explosive safety board shall meet not less 
frequently than quarterly.
    ``(2) The chair shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees an annual report describing the activities conducted at the 
meetings of the board.
    ``(f) Exclusive Responsibilities.--The explosive safety board shall 
have exclusive responsibility within the Department of Defense for--
            ``(1) recommending new and updated explosive and chemical 
        agent safety regulations and standards to the Assistant 
        Secretary of Defense for Energy Installations and Environment 
        for submittal to the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
        and Sustainment; and
            ``(2) acting as the primary forum for coordination among 
        covered components of the Department on all matters related to 
        explosive safety management.
    ``(g) Covered Components.--In this section, the covered components 
of the Department are each of the following:
            ``(1) The Office of the Secretary of Defense.
            ``(2) The military departments.
            ``(3) The Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
        Staff and the Joint Staff, the Combatant Commands.
            ``(4) The Office of the Inspector General of the 
        Department.
            ``(5) The Defense Agencies.
            ``(6) The Department of Defense field activities.
            ``(7) All other organizational entities within the 
        Department.''.
    (b) Deadline for Appointment.--By not later than 90 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall take 
such steps as may be necessary to ensure that the explosive safety 
board of the Department of Defense, as authorized under section 172 of 
title 10, United States Code, has a chair who is a military officer and 
whose responsibilities include the day-to-day management of the 
explosive safety board and the responsibilities provided in subsection 
(c) of such section.
    (c) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
appropriated or otherwise made available in this Act for the Office of 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment for 
fiscal year 2021, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended 
until the date on which the Under Secretary of Defense certifies to the 
congressional defense committees that all board member positions, 
including the chair, of the Department of Defense explosive safety 
board, as authorized under section 172 of title 10, United States Code, 
as amended by this section, have been filled by military officers as 
required by such section.

SEC. 362. EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL DEFENSE PROGRAM.

    (a) Roles, Responsibilities, and Authorities.--Section 2284(b) of 
title 10, United States Code, as amended by section 1052 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 
116-92), is further amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A)--
                    (A) by inserting ``and'' before ``integration''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking ``an Assistant Secretary of 
                Defense'' and inserting ``the Assistant Secretary of 
                Defense for Special Operations and Low Intensity 
                Conflict'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``to whom responsibility 
        is assigned under paragraph (1)(A)'' and inserting ``for 
        Special Operations and Low Intensity Conflict'';
            (3) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs 
        (4) and (5), respectively; and
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraph (3):
            ``(3) the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special 
        Operations and Low Intensity Conflict shall coordinate with--
                    ``(A) the Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Intelligence on explosive ordnance technical 
                intelligence;
                    ``(B) the Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Acquisition and Sustainment on explosive ordnance 
                disposal research, development, acquisition, and 
                sustainment;
                    ``(C) the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
                and Engineering on explosive ordnance disposal 
                research, development, test, and evaluation;
                    ``(D) the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
                Homeland Security and Global Security on explosive 
                ordnance disposal on defense support of civil 
                authorities; and
                    ``(E) the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
                Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Defense programs on 
                explosive ordnance disposal for combating weapons of 
                mass destruction;''.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
a report of the Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense Program under 
section 2284 of title 10, United States Code. Such report shall include 
each of the following:
            (1) The status of the establishment and organization of the 
        Program and the compliance with the requirements of such 
        section, as amended by section 1052 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020.
            (2) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
        designating the Joint Program Executive Officer for Armaments 
        and Ammunition as the joint program executive officer for the 
        explosive ordnance disposal program or establishing a rotation 
        of the role between an Army, Navy, and Air Force entity on a 
        periodic basis.
            (3) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
        designating the Director of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency 
        with management responsibility for a Defense-wide program 
        element for explosive ordnance disposal research, development, 
        test, and evaluation transactions other than contracts, 
        cooperative agreements, and grants related to section 2371 of 
        title 10, United States Code, during research projects 
        including rapid prototyping and limited procurement urgent 
        activities and acquisition.

SEC. 363. ASSESSMENT OF RESILIENCE OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MUNITIONS 
              ENTERPRISE.

    (a) Assessment.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall enter into an 
agreement with a federally-funded research and development center with 
relevant expertise under which such center shall conduct an assessment 
of the resilience of the Department of Defense munitions enterprise.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
            (1) An identification of the points of failure with respect 
        to the munitions enterprise, including physical locations, 
        materials, suppliers, contractors, and other relevant elements, 
        that, if failure occurs, would have the largest negative impact 
        on the capacity, resiliency, and safety of the enterprise.
            (2) An evaluation of the efforts of the Department of 
        Defense to address the points of failure identified under 
        paragraph (1).
            (3) Recommendation with respect to any additional efforts 
        or actions that could be taken to provide for mitigation or 
        solutions with respect to such points of failure.
            (4) An evaluation of the capacity of the munitions 
        enterprise to support a sudden surge in demand to support a 
        contingency.
            (5) An evaluation of the capacity of the munitions 
        enterprise to withstand intentional disruption during a 
        conflict.
    (c) Report and Briefings.--The Secretary shall--
            (1) submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        on the results of assessment conducted under this section by 
        not later than December 31, 2021; and
            (2) provide for such committees interim briefings on such 
        assessment upon request.
    (d) Point of Failure.--In this section, the term ``point of 
failure'' means, with respect to the munitions enterprise, an aspect of 
the enterprise, that, if it were to fail or be significantly negatively 
impacted would cause the portion of the enterprise it supports to 
either fail or be significantly negatively impacted.

SEC. 364. REPORT ON SAFETY WAIVERS AND MISHAPS IN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              MUNITIONS ENTERPRISE.

    (a) Report Required.--The Secretary shall include with the 
Department of Defense materials submitted to Congress with the budget 
of the President for each of fiscal years 2022 through 2025 (as 
submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United 
States Code), a report on safety waivers provided in the Department of 
Defense munitions enterprise. Each such report shall include each of 
the following for the year covered by the report and each of the 
preceding 3 years:
            (1) A list of each waiver, exemption, and secretarial 
        exemption or certification provided with respect to any 
        Department of Defense munitions safety standard.
            (2) For each such waiver, exemption, or certification 
        provided--
                    (A) the location where the waiver, exemption, or 
                certification was provided;
                    (B) a summary of the justification used for 
                providing the waiver, exemption, or certification;
                    (C) the time period during which the waiver, 
                exemption, or certification applies and the number of 
                times such a waiver, exemption, or certification has 
                been provided at that location; and
                    (D) a list of all safety-related mishaps that 
                occurred at locations where waivers, exemptions, or 
                certifications were in place, and for each such mishap, 
                whether or not a subsequent investigation determined 
                the waiver, exemption, or certification was related or 
                may have been related to the mishap.
            (3) A list and summary of all class A through class E 
        mishaps related to the construction, storage, transportation, 
        usage, and demilitarization of munitions.
            (4) Any mitigation efforts in place at any location where a 
        waiver, exemption, or certification has been provided or where 
        a safety-related mishap has occurred.
            (5) Such other matters as the Secretary determines 
        appropriate.
    (b) Munitions Defined.--In this section, the term ``munitions'' 
includes ammunition, explosives, and chemical agents.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

SEC. 371. PILOT PROGRAM FOR TEMPORARY ISSUANCE OF MATERNITY-RELATED 
              UNIFORM ITEMS.

    (a) Pilot Program.--The Director of the Defense Logistics Agency, 
in coordination with the Secretaries concerned, shall carry out a pilot 
program under which each Secretary concerned shall establish an office 
for issuing maternity-related uniform items to pregnant members of the 
Armed Forces, on a temporary basis and at no cost to such member. In 
carrying out the pilot program, the Director shall take the following 
actions:
            (1) The Director shall ensure that such offices maintain a 
        stock of each type of maternity-related uniform item determined 
        necessary by the Secretary concerned, including service 
        uniforms items, utility uniform items, and other items relating 
        to the command and duty assignment of the member requiring 
        issuance.
            (2) The Director shall ensure that such items have not been 
        treated with the chemical permethrin.
            (3) The Director, in coordination with the Secretary 
        concerned, shall determine a standard number of maternity-
        related uniform items that may be issued per member.
            (4) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that any member 
        receiving a maternity-related uniform item returns such item to 
        the relevant office established under paragraph (1) on the date 
        on which the Secretary concerned determines the member no 
        longer requires such item.
            (5) The Secretary concerned shall inspect, process, repair, 
        clean, and re-stock items returned by a member pursuant to 
        paragraph (4) for re-issuance from such relevant office.
            (6) The Director, in coordination with the Secretaries 
        concerned, may issue such guidance and regulations as necessary 
        to carry out the pilot program.
    (b) Termination.--No maternity-related uniform items may be issued 
to a member of the Armed Forces under the pilot program after September 
30, 2026.
    (c) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2025, the Director of the 
Defense Logistics Agency, in coordination with the Secretaries 
concerned, shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on the pilot program. Such report shall include each of the 
following:
            (1) For each year during which the pilot program was 
        carried out, the number of members of the Armed Forces who 
        received a maternity-related uniform item under the pilot 
        program.
            (2) An overview of the costs associated with, and any 
        savings realized by, the pilot program, including a comparison 
        of the cost of maintaining a stock of maternity-related uniform 
        items for issuance under the pilot program versus the cost of 
        providing allowances to members for purchasing such items.
            (3) A recommendation on whether the pilot program should be 
        extended after the date of termination under subsection (b) and 
        whether legislation is necessary for such extension.
            (4) Any other matters that the Secretary of Defense 
        determines appropriate.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--Of the amounts authorized to 
be appropriated for operation and maintenance, Defense-wide, for fiscal 
year 2021, as specified in the funding table in section 4301, 
$10,000,000 shall be available for implementation of the pilot program.

SEC. 372. SERVICEWOMEN'S COMMEMORATIVE PARTNERSHIPS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Army may enter into a 
contract, partnership, or grant with a non-profit organization for the 
purpose of providing financial support for the maintenance and 
sustainment of infrastructure and facilities at military service 
memorials and museums that highlight the role of women in the military. 
Such a contract, partnership, or grant shall be referred to as a 
``Servicewomen's Commemorative Partnership''.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Of the amounts authorized to 
be appropriated for fiscal year 2021, as identified in division D of 
this Act, $3,000,000 shall be available for Servicewomen's 
Commemorative Partnerships under subsection (a).

SEC. 373. BIODEFENSE ANALYSIS AND BUDGET SUBMISSION.

    (a) Annual Analysis.--For each fiscal year, the Director of the 
Office of Management and Budget shall--
            (1) conduct a detailed and comprehensive analysis of 
        Federal biodefense programs; and
            (2) develop an integrated biodefense budget submission.
    (b) Definition of Biodefense.--In accordance with the National 
Biodefense Strategy, the Director shall develop and disseminate to all 
Federal departments and agencies a unified definition of the term 
``biodefense'' to identify which programs and activities are included 
in annual budget submission referred to in subsection (a).
    (c) Requirements for Analysis.--The analysis required under 
subsection (a) shall include--
            (1) the display of all funds requested for biodefense 
        activities, both mandatory and discretionary, by agency and 
        categorized by biodefense enterprise element, including threat 
        awareness, prevention, deterrence, preparedness, surveillance 
        and detection, response, attribution (including bioforensic 
        capabilities), recovery, and mitigation; and
            (2) detailed explanations of how each program and activity 
        included aligns with biodefense goals.
    (d) Submittal to Congress.-- The Director shall submit to Congress 
the analysis required under subsection (a) for a fiscal year 
concurrently with the President's annual budget request for that fiscal 
year.

SEC. 374. CLARIFICATION OF NATIONAL BIODEFENSE STRATEGY.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Health and Human Services, in 
cooperation with the Biodefense Steering Committee, shall clarify the 
national biodefense strategy and associated implementation plan 
developed under section 1086 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017 (6 U.S.C. 104) to clearly document agreed-upon 
processes, roles, and responsibilities for making and enforcing 
enterprise-wide decisions.
    (b) Specific Clarifications.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
Secretary of Health and Human Services shall work with the head of each 
agency participating in the Biodefense Steering Committee, including 
the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, to--
            (1) enter into a memorandum of understanding, or take such 
        other action as is necessary, to describe the roles and 
        responsibilities of the Federal departments and agencies, 
        including internal and external coordination procedures, in 
        identifying and sharing information, as described in section 
        1086(b)(4) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2017 (6 U.S.C. 104(b)(4));
            (2) clarify roles, responsibilities, and processes for 
        decisionmaking that involves shifting resources across agency 
        boundaries to more effectively or efficiently address 
        enterprise-wide risk;
            (3) prepare an inventory and assessment of all existing 
        strategies, plans, policies, laws, and interagency agreements 
        with respect to biodefense;
            (4) establish a resource plan to staff, support, and 
        sustain the efforts of the Biodefense Coordination Team;
            (5) clearly document guidance and methods for analyzing the 
        data collected from agencies to include non-Federal resources 
        and capabilities; and
            (6) not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of 
        this Act, report to the appropriate congressional committees on 
        possible implementation strategies, that will effectively and 
        efficiently enhance information-sharing activities on 
        biosurveillance data integration as identified in the national 
        biodefense strategy and associated implementation plan 
        described in subsection (a).
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the following:
            (1) The Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate.
            (2) The Committees on Appropriations of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate.
            (3) The Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, 
        and Pensions of the Senate.
            (4) The Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs of the Senate.
            (5) The Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, 
        and Forestry of the Senate.

SEC. 375. REPORT ON BIODEFENSE.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report that includes--
            (1) a description of the roles and responsibilities of 
        Department of Defense entities with responsibility for 
        biodefense or pandemic preparedness and response, including 
        logistical support;
            (2) an updated Department of Defense implementation plan 
        for biodefense and pandemic response operations that includes a 
        separation of activities conducted under title 10, United 
        States Code, and activities conducted under title 32, United 
        States Code; and
            (3) recommendations for solving gaps in authorities or 
        organizational structures that have inhibited COVID-19 response 
        efforts.

SEC. 376. FACILITATING AGREEMENTS WITH OTHER FEDERAL AGENCIES TO LIMIT 
              ENCROACHMENTS.

    Section 2684a(d)(5) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the second sentence of subparagraph (A), by 
        inserting ``or another Federal agency'' after ``to a State'' 
        both places it appears; and
            (2) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(B) Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), if all or a portion of the 
property or interest acquired under the agreement is initially or 
subsequently transferred to a State or another Federal agency, before 
that State or other Federal agency may declare the property or interest 
in excess to its needs or propose to exchange the property or interest, 
the State or other Federal agency shall give the Secretary concerned 
reasonable advance notice of its intent. If the Secretary concerned 
determines it necessary to preserve the purposes of this section, the 
Secretary concerned may request that administrative jurisdiction over 
the property be transferred to the Secretary concerned at no cost, and, 
upon such a request being made, the administrative jurisdiction over 
the property shall be transferred accordingly. If the Secretary 
concerned does not make such a request within a reasonable time period, 
all such rights of the Secretary concerned to request transfer of the 
property or interest shall remain available to the Secretary concerned 
with respect to future transfers or exchanges of the property or 
interest and shall bind all subsequent transferees.''.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty personnel 
as of September 30, 2021, as follows:
            (1) The Army, 485,900.
            (2) The Navy, 347,800.
            (3) The Marine Corps, 184,100.
            (4) The Air Force, 327,266.
            (5) The Space Force, 6,434.

SEC. 402. REVISIONS IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH MINIMUM 
              LEVELS.

    Section 691(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting the following new 
paragraphs:
            ``(1) For the Army, 485,900.
            ``(2) For the Navy, 347,800.
            ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 184,100.
            ``(4) For the Air Force, 327,266.
            ``(5) For the Space Force, 6,434.''.

SEC. 403. MODIFICATION OF THE AUTHORIZED NUMBER AND ACCOUNTING METHOD 
              FOR SENIOR ENLISTED PERSONNEL.

    (a) In General.--Section 517 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``daily average'' 
        and inserting ``enlisted end strength''; and
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``daily average number of'' and 
                inserting ``end strength for'';
                    (B) by striking ``in a fiscal year'' and inserting 
                ``as of the last day of a fiscal year'';
                    (C) by striking ``2.5 percent'' and inserting ``3.0 
                percent''; and
                    (D) by striking ``on the first day of that fiscal 
                year''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 31 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 517 and inserting the following new item:

``517. Authorized enlisted end strength: members in pay grades E-8 and 
                            E-9.''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for 
Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 
30, 2021, as follows:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 336,500.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 189,800.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 58,800.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 108,100.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 70,300.
            (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed by 
subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall 
be proportionately reduced by--
            (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to 
        serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such component which 
        are on active duty (other than for training) at the end of the 
        fiscal year; and
            (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
        organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
        component who are on active duty (other than for training or 
        for unsatisfactory participation in training) without their 
        consent at the end of the fiscal year.
    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual members 
of the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are released from 
active duty during any fiscal year, the end strength prescribed for 
such fiscal year for the Selected Reserve of such reserve component 
shall be increased proportionately by the total authorized strengths of 
such units and by the total number of such individual members.

SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF THE 
              RESERVES.

    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of September 30, 
2021, the following number of Reserves to be serving on full-time 
active duty or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National 
Guard, for the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, 
instructing, or training the reserve components:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,595.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 16,511.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,215.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,386.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 25,333.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 5,256.

SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).

    The minimum number of military technicians (dual status) as of the 
last day of fiscal year 2021 for the reserve components of the Army and 
the Air Force (notwithstanding section 129 of title 10, United States 
Code) shall be the following:
            (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
        22,294.
            (2) For the Army Reserve, 6,492.
            (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 
        10,994.
            (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 7,947.

SEC. 414. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
              ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

    During fiscal year 2021, the maximum number of members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving at any time 
on full-time operational support duty under section 115(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is the following:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 for the use of the Armed Forces 
and other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
expenses, not otherwise provided for, for military personnel, as 
specified in the funding table in section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in the subsection (a) supersedes any other authorization 
of appropriations (definite or indefinite) for such purpose for fiscal 
year 2021.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

SEC. 501. AUTHORIZED STRENGTH: EXCLUSION OF CERTAIN GENERAL AND FLAG 
              OFFICERS OF THE RESERVE COMPONENTS ON ACTIVE DUTY.

    Section 526a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (c) through (h) as 
        subsections (d) through (i), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection (c):
    ``(c) Exclusion of Certain Officers of the Reserve Components.--The 
limitations of this section do not apply to the following:
            ``(1) A general or flag officer of a reserve component who 
        is on active duty--
                    ``(A) for training; or
                    ``(B) under a call or order specifying a period of 
                less than 180 days.
            ``(2)(A) A general or flag officer of a reserve component 
        who is authorized by the Secretary of the military department 
        concerned to serve on active duty for a period of at least 180 
        days and not longer than 365 days.
            ``(B) The Secretary of the military department concerned 
        may authorize a number, determined under subparagraph (C), of 
        officers in the reserve component of each armed force under the 
        jurisdiction of that Secretary to serve as described in 
        subparagraph (A).
            ``(C) Each number described in subparagraph (B) may not 
        exceed 10 percent of the number of general or flag officers, as 
        the case may be, authorized to serve in the armed force 
        concerned under section 12004 of this title. In determining a 
        number under this subparagraph, any fraction shall be rounded 
        down to the next whole number that is greater than zero.
            ``(3)(A) A general or flag officer of a reserve component 
        who is on active duty for a period longer than 365 days and not 
        longer than three years.
            ``(B) The number of officers described in subparagraph (A) 
        who do not serve in a position that is a joint duty assignment 
        for purposes of chapter 38 of this title may not exceed five 
        per armed force, unless authorized by the Secretary of 
        Defense.''.

SEC. 502. DIVERSITY IN SELECTION BOARDS.

    (a) Requirement for Diverse Membership of Active Duty Selection 
Boards.--
            (1) Officers.--Section 612(a)(1) of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        sentence: ``The members of a selection board shall represent 
        the diversity of the armed forces to the extent practicable.''.
            (2) Warrant officers.--Section 573(b) of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        sentence: ``The members of a selection board shall represent 
        the diversity of the armed forces to the extent practicable.''.
    (b) Requirement for Diverse Membership of Reserve Components 
Selection Boards.--Section 14102(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``The members 
of a selection board shall represent the diversity of the armed forces 
to the extent practicable.''.
    (c) Other Selection Boards.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
        the members of each selection board described in paragraph (2) 
        represent the diversity of the armed forces to the extent 
        practicable.
            (2) Selection board described.--A selection board described 
        in this paragraph (1) is any selection board used with respect 
        to the promotion, education, or command assignments of members 
        of the Armed Forces that is not covered by the amendments made 
        by this section.

SEC. 503. REDACTION OF PERSONALLY IDENTIFIABLE INFORMATION FROM RECORDS 
              FURNISHED TO A PROMOTION BOARD.

    (a) Active-Duty Officers.--Section 615(b) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (6) as 
        subparagraphs (A) through (F), respectively;
            (2) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), as 
        redesignated, by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The Secretary'';
            (3) in subparagraph (C), as redesignated, by striking 
        ``whose name is furnished to the board'' and inserting ``under 
        consideration by the board for promotion'';
            (4) by striking subparagraph (B), as redesignated, and 
        redesignating subparagraphs (C) through (F) as subparagraphs 
        (B) through (E), respectively; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) The Secretary of the military department concerned shall 
redact any personally identifiable information from the information 
furnished to a selection board under this section.''.
    (b) Reserve Officers.--Section 14107(b) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (5) as 
        subparagraphs (A) through (E), respectively;
            (2) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), as 
        redesignated, by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The Secretary'';
            (3) in subparagraph (C), as redesignated, by striking 
        ``whose name is furnished to the board'' and inserting ``under 
        consideration by the board for promotion'';
            (4) by striking subparagraph (B), as redesignated, and 
        redesignating subparagraphs (C) through (E) as subparagraphs 
        (B) through (D), respectively; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) The Secretary of the military department concerned shall 
redact any personally identifiable information from the information 
furnished to a promotion board under this section.''.
    (c) Enlisted Members.--Each Secretary of a military department 
shall prescribe regulations that require the redaction of any 
personally identifiable information from the information furnished to a 
board that considers for promotion an enlisted member of an Armed Force 
under the jurisdiction of that Secretary.

SEC. 504. TEMPORARY EXPANSION OF AVAILABILITY OF ENHANCED CONSTRUCTIVE 
              SERVICE CREDIT IN A PARTICULAR CAREER FIELD UPON ORIGINAL 
              APPOINTMENT AS A COMMISSIONED OFFICER.

    (a) Regular Officers.--Subparagraph (D) of section 533(b)(1) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
            ``(D) Additional credit as follows:
                    ``(i) For special training or experience in a 
                particular officer field as designated by the Secretary 
                concerned, if such training or experience is directly 
                related to the operational needs of the armed force 
                concerned.
                    ``(ii) During fiscal years 2021 through 2025, for 
                advanced education in an officer field so designated, 
                if such education is directly related to the 
                operational needs of the armed force concerned.''.
    (b) Reserve Officers.--Section 12207(b)(1) of such title is 
amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), ``or a 
        designation in'' and all that follows through ``education or 
        training,'' and inserting ``and who has special training or 
        experience, or advanced education (if applicable),''; and
            (2) by striking subparagraph (D) and inserting the 
        following new subparagraph:
            ``(D) Additional credit as follows:
                    ``(i) For special training or experience in a 
                particular officer field as designated by the Secretary 
                concerned, if such training or experience is directly 
                related to the operational needs of the armed force 
                concerned.
                    ``(ii) During fiscal years 2021 through 2025, for 
                advanced education in an officer field so designated, 
                if such education is directly related to the 
                operational needs of the armed force concerned.''.
    (c) Annual Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than February 1, 2022, and every 
        4 years thereafter, each Secretary of a military department 
        shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
        and the House of Representatives a report on the use of the 
        authorities in subparagraph (D) of section 553(b)(1) of title 
        10, United States Code (as amended by subsection (a)), and 
        subparagraph (D) of section 12207(b)(1) of such title (as 
        amended by subsection (b)) (each referred to in this subsection 
        as a ``constructive credit authority'') during the preceding 
        fiscal year for the Armed Forces under the jurisdiction of such 
        Secretary.
            (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include, for the fiscal year and Armed Forces covered by such 
        report, the following:
                    (A) The manner in which constructive service credit 
                was calculated under each constructive credit 
                authority.
                    (B) The number of officers credited constructive 
                service credit under each constructive credit 
                authority.
                    (C) A description and assessment of the utility of 
                the constructive credit authorities in meeting the 
                operational needs of the Armed Force concerned.
                    (D) Such other matters in connection with the 
                constructive credit authorities as the Secretary of the 
                military department concerned considers appropriate.

SEC. 505. PERMANENT PROGRAMS ON DIRECT COMMISSIONS TO CYBER POSITIONS.

    Section 509 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 503 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``pilot'' each place it appears; and
            (2) by striking subsections (d) and (e).

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

SEC. 511. GRANTS TO SUPPORT STEM EDUCATION IN THE JUNIOR RESERVE 
              OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

    (a) Program Authority.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 102 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 2036. Grants to support science, technology, engineering, and 
              mathematics education
    ``(a) Authority.--The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary 
of Education, may carry out a program to make grants to eligible 
entities to assist such entities in providing education in covered 
subjects to students in the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
    ``(b) Coordination.--In carrying out a program under subsection 
(a), the Secretary may coordinate with the following:
            ``(1) The Secretaries of the military departments.
            ``(2) The Secretary of Education.
            ``(3) The Director of the National Science Foundation.
            ``(4) The Administrator of the National Aeronautics and 
        Space Administration.
            ``(5) The heads of such other Federal, State, and local 
        government entities the Secretary of Defense determines to be 
        appropriate.
            ``(6) Private sector organizations as the Secretary of 
        Defense determines appropriate.
    ``(c) Activities.--Activities funded with grants under this section 
may include the following:
            ``(1) Training and other support for instructors to teach 
        courses in covered subjects to students.
            ``(2) The acquisition of materials, hardware, and software 
        necessary for the instruction of covered subjects.
            ``(3) Activities that improve the quality of educational 
        materials, training opportunities, and curricula available to 
        students and instructors in covered subjects.
            ``(4) Development of travel opportunities, demonstrations, 
        mentoring programs, and informal education in covered subjects 
        for students and instructors.
            ``(5) Students' pursuit of certifications in covered 
        subjects.
    ``(d) Preference.--In making any grants under this section, the 
Secretary shall give preference to eligible entities that are eligible 
for assistance under part A of title I of the Elementary and Secondary 
Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6311 et seq.).
    ``(e) Evaluations.--In carrying out a program under this section, 
the Secretary shall establish outcome-based metrics and internal and 
external assessments to evaluate the merits and benefits of the 
activities funded with grants under this section with respect to the 
needs of the Department of Defense.
    ``(f) Authorities.--In carrying out a program under this section, 
the Secretary shall, to the extent practicable, make use of the 
authorities under chapter 111 and sections 2601 and 2605 of this title, 
and other authorities the Secretary determines appropriate.
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `eligible entity' means a local education 
        agency that hosts a unit of the Junior Reserve Officers' 
        Training Corps.
            ``(2) The term `covered subjects' means--
                    ``(A) science;
                    ``(B) technology;
                    ``(C) engineering;
                    ``(D) mathematics;
                    ``(E) computer science;
                    ``(F) computational thinking;
                    ``(G) artificial intelligence;
                    ``(H) machine learning;
                    ``(I) data science;
                    ``(J) cybersecurity;
                    ``(K) robotics;
                    ``(L) health sciences; and
                    ``(M) other subjects determined by the Secretary of 
                Defense to be related to science, technology, 
                engineering, and mathematics.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 102 of such title is amended by adding at 
        the end the following new item:

``2036. Grants to support science, technology, engineering, and 
                            mathematics education.''.
    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report on any 
        activities carried out under section 2036 of title 10, United 
        States Code (as added by subsection (a)).
            (2) Congressional defense committees defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``congressional defense committees'' has 
        the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, 
        United States Code.

SEC. 512. MODIFICATION OF EDUCATION LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAM FOR MEMBERS 
              OF SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) Modification of Maximum Repayment Amount.--Section 16301(b) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``15 percent or 
$500'' and inserting ``20 percent or $1,000''.
    (b) Effective Date and Applicability.--The amendment made by 
subsection (a) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this 
Act and shall apply with respect to loan repayment under section 16301 
of title 10, United States Code, for eligible years of service 
completed on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 513. REQUIREMENT OF CONSENT OF THE CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER FOR 
              CERTAIN FULL-TIME NATIONAL GUARD DUTY PERFORMED IN A 
              STATE, TERRITORY, OR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

    Section 502(f)(2)(A) of title 32, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``and performed inside the United States with the consent of 
the chief executive officer of the State (as that term is defined in 
section 901 of this title)'' after ``Defense''.

SEC. 514. CONSTRUCTIVE CREDIT FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE 
              COMPONENTS WHO CANNOT COMPLETE MINIMUM ANNUAL TRAINING 
              REQUIREMENTS AS A RESULT OF THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC.

    (a) Authority.--Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of 
Defense, the Secretary, in computing retired pay pursuant to section 
12733 of title 10, United States Code, may approve constructive credit, 
in addition to points earned under section 12732(a)(2) of such title, 
for a member of the reserve components of the Armed Forces who cannot 
complete minimum annual training requirements due to cancellation or 
other extenuating circumstance arising from the covered national 
emergency.
    (b) Reporting.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        on which the covered national emergency ends, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        report on the use of the authority under subsection (a).
            (2) Elements.--The report under this subsection shall 
        include, with respect to each reserve component, the following:
                    (A) The number of individuals granted constructive 
                credit as a result of a training cancellation.
                    (B) The number of individuals granted constructive 
                credit as a result of another extenuating circumstance.
                    (C) Recommendations of the Secretary whether the 
                authority under subsection (a) should be made permanent 
                and under what circumstances such permanent authority 
                should apply.
            (3) Publication.--Not later than 30 days after submitting 
        the report under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                    (A) publish the report on a publicly accessible 
                website of the Department of Defense; and
                    (B) ensure that any data in the report is made 
                available in a machine-readable format that is 
                downloadable, searchable, and sortable.
    (c) Covered National Emergency Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered national emergency'' means the national emergency declared on 
March 13, 2020, by the President under the National Emergencies Act (50 
U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) with respect to COVID-19.

SEC. 515. GUIDANCE FOR USE OF UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS BY THE NATIONAL 
              GUARD.

    (a) New Guidance.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue new 
guidance that provides for the expedited review of requests for the use 
of unmanned aircraft systems by the National Guard for covered 
activities within the United States.
    (b) Covered Activities Defined.--In this section, ``covered 
activities'' means the following:
            (1) Emergency operations.
            (2) Search and rescue operations.
            (3) Defense support to civil authorities.
            (4) Support under section 502(f) of title 32, United States 
        Code.

SEC. 516. DIRECT EMPLOYMENT PILOT PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE 
              RESERVE COMPONENTS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a pilot 
program to enhance the efforts of the Department of Defense to provide 
job placement assistance and related employment services directly to 
members of the National Guard and Reserves in reserve active-status.
    (b) Administration.--Any such pilot program shall be offered to, 
and administered by, the adjutants general appointed under section 314 
of title 32, United States Code, or other officials in the States 
concerned designated by the Secretary for purposes of the pilot 
program.
    (c) Cost-Sharing Requirement.--As a condition on the provision of 
funds under this section to a State to support the operation of the 
pilot program in that State, the State must agree to contribute an 
amount, derived from non-Federal sources, equal to at least 50 percent 
of the funds provided by the Secretary to the State under this section.
    (d) Development.--In developing any such pilot program, the 
Secretary shall--
            (1) incorporate elements of State direct employment 
        programs for members of the reserve components; and
            (2) use resources provided to members of the Armed Forces 
        with civilian training opportunities through the SkillBridge 
        transition training program administered by the Department of 
        Defense.
    (e) Direct Employment Program Model.--Any such pilot program shall 
use a job placement program model that focuses on working one-on-one 
with eligible members to cost-effectively provide job placement 
services, including--
            (1) identifying unemployed and underemployed individuals;
            (2) job matching services;
            (3) resume editing;
            (4) interview preparation; and
            (5) post-employment follow up.
    (f) Evaluation.--The Secretary shall develop outcome metrics to 
evaluate the success of any such pilot program.
    (g) Reporting.--
            (1) Report required.--If the Secretary carries out the 
        pilot Program, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report describing the 
        results of the pilot program not later than March 1, 2022. The 
        Secretary shall prepare the report in coordination with the 
        Chief of the National Guard Bureau.
            (2) Elements.--A report under paragraph (1) shall include 
        the following:
                    (A) A description and assessment of the 
                effectiveness and achievements of the pilot program, 
                including the number of members of the reserve 
                components of the Armed Forces hired and the cost-per-
                placement of participating members.
                    (B) An assessment of the effects of the pilot 
                program and increased reserve component employment on 
                the readiness of members of the reserve components and 
                on the retention of members.
                    (C) A comparison of the pilot program to other 
                programs conducted by the Department of Defense to 
                provide unemployment or underemployment support to 
                members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces, 
                including the best practices developed through and used 
                in such programs.
                    (D) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense 
                determines appropriate.
    (h) Duration; Extension.--
            (1) Subject to paragraph (2), the authority to carry out 
        the pilot program expires on September 30, 2024.
            (2) The Secretary may elect to extend the pilot program for 
        not more than two additional fiscal years.

SEC. 517. TEMPORARY LIMITATION ON AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER, RELOCATE, OR 
              DISSOLVE ELEMENTS OF THE RESERVE COMPONENTS OF THE AIR 
              FORCE.

    (a) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Air Force may not transfer or 
relocate any personnel or asset, or dissolve any unit, of the Air 
National Guard or Air Force Reserve until the latter of the following 
occurs:
            (1) The day that is 180 days after the date on which the 
        Secretary of the Air Force submits the report under subsection 
        (b).
            (2) The Chief of Space Operations certifies in writing to 
        the Secretary of the Air Force that plans of the Secretary to 
        establish the reserve components of the Space Force shall not 
        diminish space capability of the Department of the Air Force.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than January 31, 2021, the 
Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report regarding 
the plan of the Secretary to establish the reserve components of the 
Space Force. The report shall identify the following:
            (1) The assumptions and factors used to develop the plan.
            (2) The members of the team that issued recommendations 
        regarding the organization of such reserve components.
            (3) The recommendations of the Secretary regarding the 
        mission, organization, and unit retention of such reserve 
        components.
            (4) The final organizational and integration 
        recommendations regarding such reserve components.
            (5) The proposed staffing and operational organization for 
        such reserve components.
            (6) The estimated date of implementation of the plan.
            (7) Any savings or costs arising from the preservation of 
        existing space-related force structures in the Air National 
        Guard.

SEC. 518. PILOT PROGRAMS IN CONNECTION WITH SROTC UNITS AND CSPI 
              PROGRAMS AT HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES 
              AND MINORITY INSTITUTIONS.

    (a) Pilot Programs Required.--The Secretary of Defense may carry 
out two pilot programs as follows:
            (1) A pilot program, with elements as provided for in 
        subsection (c), at covered institutions in order to assess the 
        feasibility and advisability of mechanisms to reduce barriers 
        to participation in the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
        at such institutions by creating partnerships between satellite 
        or extension Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps units at 
        such institutions and military installations.
            (2) In consultation with the Secretary of Homeland 
        Security, a pilot program, with elements as provided for in 
        subsection (d), in order to assess the feasibility and 
        advisability of the provision of financial assistance to 
        members of the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps, and 
        members of the Coast Guard College Student Pre-Commissioning 
        Initiative, at covered institutions for participation in flight 
        training.
    (b) Duration.--The duration of each pilot program under subsection 
(a) may not exceed 5 years.
    (c) Pilot Program on Partnerships Between Satellite or Extension 
SROTC Units and Military Installations.--
            (1) Participating institutions.--The Secretary of Defense 
        shall carry out the pilot program required by subsection (a)(1) 
        at not fewer than five covered institutions selected by the 
        Secretary for purposes of the pilot program.
            (2) Requirements for selection.--Each covered institution 
        selected by the Secretary for purposes of the pilot program 
        under subsection (a)(1) shall--
                    (A) currently maintain a satellite or extension 
                Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps unit under 
                chapter 103 of title 10, United States Code, that is 
                located more than 20 miles from the host unit of such 
                unit; or
                    (B) establish and maintain a satellite or extension 
                Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps unit that meets 
                the requirements in subparagraph (A).
            (3) Preference in selection of institutions.--In selecting 
        covered institutions under this subsection for participation in 
        the pilot program under subsection (a)(1), the Secretary shall 
        give preference to covered institutions that are located within 
        20 miles of a military installation of the same Armed Force as 
        the host unit of the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps of 
        the covered institution concerned.
            (4) Partnership activities.--The activities conducted under 
        the pilot program under subsection (a)(1) between a satellite 
        or extension Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps unit and 
        the military installation concerned shall include such 
        activities designed to reduce barriers to participation in the 
        Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps at the covered 
        institution concerned as the Secretary considers appropriate, 
        including measures to mitigate travel time and expenses in 
        connection with receipt of Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
        Corps instruction.
    (d) Pilot Program on Financial Assistance for SROTC and CSPI 
Members for Flight Training.--
            (1) Eligibility for participation by srotc and cspi 
        members.--A member of a Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
        unit, or a member of a Coast Guard College Student Pre-
        Commissioning Initiative program, at a covered institution may 
        participate in the pilot program under subsection (a)(2) if the 
        member meets such academic requirements at the covered 
        institution, and such other requirements, as the Secretary 
        shall establish for purposes of the pilot program.
            (2) Preference in selection of participants.--In selecting 
        members under this subsection for participation in the pilot 
        program under subsection (a)(2), the Secretary shall give a 
        preference to members who will pursue flight training under the 
        pilot program at a covered institution.
            (3) Financial assistance for flight training.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary may provide any 
                member of a Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
                unit or a College Student Pre-Commissioning Initiative 
                program who participates in the pilot program under 
                subsection (a)(2) financial assistance to defray, 
                whether in whole or in part, the charges and fees 
                imposed on the member for flight training.
                    (B) Flight training.--Financial assistance may be 
                used under subparagraph (A) for a course of flight 
                training only if the course meets Federal Aviation 
                Administration standards and is approved by the Federal 
                Aviation Administration and the applicable State 
                approving agency.
                    (C) Use.--Financial assistance received by a member 
                under subparagraph (A) may be used only to defray the 
                charges and fees imposed on the member as described in 
                that subparagraph.
                    (D) Cessation of eligibility.--Financial assistance 
                may not be provided to a member under subparagraph (A) 
                as follows:
                            (i) If the member ceases to meet the 
                        academic and other requirements established 
                        pursuant to paragraph (1).
                            (ii) If the member ceases to be a member of 
                        the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps or 
                        the College Student Pre-Commissioning 
                        Initiative, as applicable.
    (e) Evaluation Metrics.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
metrics to evaluate the effectiveness of the pilot programs under 
subsection (a).
    (f) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        commencement of the pilot programs under subsection (a), the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
        report on the pilot programs. The report shall include the 
        following:
                    (A) A description of each pilot program, including 
                in the case of the pilot program under subsection 
                (a)(2) the requirements established pursuant to 
                subsection (d)(1).
                    (B) The evaluation metrics established under 
                subsection (e).
                    (C) Such other matters relating to the pilot 
                programs as the Secretary considers appropriate.
            (2) Annual report.--Not later than 90 days after the end of 
        each fiscal year in which the Secretary carries out the pilot 
        programs, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
        report on the pilot programs during such fiscal year. Each 
        report shall include, for the fiscal year covered by such 
        report, the following:
                    (A) In the case of the pilot program required by 
                subsection (a)(1), a description of the partnerships 
                between satellite or extension Senior Reserve Officers' 
                Training Corps units and military installations under 
                the pilot program.
                    (B) In the case of the pilot program required by 
                subsection (a)(2), the following:
                            (i) The number of members of Senior Reserve 
                        Officers' Training Corps units, and the number 
                        of members of Coast Guard College Student Pre-
                        Commissioning Initiative programs, at covered 
                        institutions selected for purposes of the pilot 
                        program, including the number of such members 
                        participating in the pilot program.
                            (ii) The number of recipients of financial 
                        assistance provided under the pilot program, 
                        including the number who--
                                    (I) completed a ground school 
                                course of instruction in connection 
                                with obtaining a private pilot's 
                                certificate;
                                    (II) completed flight training, and 
                                the type of training, certificate, or 
                                both received;
                                    (III) were selected for a pilot 
                                training slot in the Armed Forces;
                                    (IV) initiated pilot training in 
                                the Armed Forces; or
                                    (V) successfully completed pilot 
                                training in the Armed Forces.
                            (iii) The amount of financial assistance 
                        provided under the pilot program, broken out by 
                        covered institution, course of study, and such 
                        other measures as the Secretary considers 
                        appropriate.
                    (C) Data collected in accordance with the 
                evaluation metrics established under subsection (e).
            (3) Final report.--Not later than 180 days prior to the 
        completion of the pilot programs, the Secretary shall submit to 
        the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a report on the pilot programs. The report 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) A description of the pilot programs.
                    (B) An assessment of the effectiveness of each 
                pilot program.
                    (C) A description of the cost of each pilot 
                program, and an estimate of the cost of making each 
                pilot program permanent.
                    (D) An estimate of the cost of expanding each pilot 
                program throughout all eligible Senior Reserve 
                Officers' Training Corps units and College Student Pre-
                Commissioning Initiative programs.
                    (E) Such recommendations for legislative or 
                administrative action as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate in light of the pilot programs, including 
                recommendations for extending or making permanent the 
                authority for each pilot program.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered institution'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 262(g)(2) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92).
            (2) The term ``flight training'' means a course of 
        instruction toward obtaining any of the following:
                    (A) A private pilot's certificate.
                    (B) A commercial pilot certificate.
                    (C) A certified flight instructor certificate.
                    (D) A multi-crew pilot's license.
                    (E) A flight instrument rating.
                    (F) Any other certificate, rating, or pilot 
                privilege the Secretary considers appropriate for 
                purposes of this section.
            (3) The term ``military installation'' means an 
        installation of the Department of Defense for the regular 
        components of the Armed Forces.

SEC. 519. REPORT REGARDING FULL-TIME NATIONAL GUARD DUTY IN RESPONSE TO 
              THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report regarding how the Secretary 
determined whether to authorize full-time National Guard duty in 
response to the covered national emergency.
    (b) Elements.--The report under this section shall include the 
following:
            (1) The number of requests described in subsection (a).
            (2) The number of such requests approved and the number of 
        requests denied.
            (3) For each such request--
                    (A) the time elapsed from receipt of request to 
                disposition of request; and
                    (B) whether costs (including pay and benefits for 
                members of the National Guard) were a factor in 
                determining whether to grant or deny the request.
            (4) For each such request approved, the time elapsed from 
        approval to when the first such member of the National Guard 
        was placed on full-time National Guard duty in response to such 
        request.
            (5) For each such request denied, the reason for denial and 
        how such denial was explained to the requestor.
            (6) A description of how the process of review for such 
        requests differed from previous requests for full-time National 
        Guard duty under section 502(f) of title 32, United States 
        Code.
            (7) Recommendations of the Secretary to improve the review 
        of such requests in order to better respond to such requests.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered national emergency'' means the 
        national emergency declared on March 13, 2020, by the President 
        under the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) 
        with respect to COVID-19.
            (2) The term ``full-time National Guard duty'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 101 of title 10, United 
        States Code.

SEC. 520. STUDY AND REPORT ON ROTC RECRUITMENT.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study that 
assesses--
            (1) the efforts of the Department of Defense to recruit 
        individuals to serve in the Junior Reserve Officers' Training 
        Corps and the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps over the 
        period of 10 years preceding the date of the study;
            (2) whether members of the Armed Forces who served in the 
        Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps are more or less likely 
        than members who served in the Senior Reserve Officers' 
        Training Corps to achieve or receive recommendations for higher 
        ranks;
            (3) whether there is a correlation between race or 
        ethnicity and the rank ultimately achieved by such members; and
            (4) the feasibility of establishing a program to create a 
        pathway for minorities into higher ranks within the military.
    (b) Report.--Not later than December 31, 2022, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committee a report on 
the results of the study conducted under subsection (a).

SEC. 520A. TRANSITIONAL HEALTH BENEFITS FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE 
              NATIONAL GUARD SERVING UNDER ORDERS IN RESPONSE TO THE 
              CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19).

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide to a member 
of the National Guard separating from active service after serving on 
full-time National Guard duty pursuant to section 502(f) of title 32, 
United States Code, the health benefits authorized under section 1145 
of title 10, United States Code, for a member of a reserve component 
separating from active duty, as referred to in subsection (a)(2)(B) of 
such section 1145, if the active service from which the member of the 
National Guard is separating was in support of the whole of government 
response to the coronavirus (COVID-19).
    (b) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``active duty'', 
``active service'', and ``full-time National Guard duty'' have the 
meanings given those terms in section 101(d) of title 10, United States 
Code.

SEC. 520B. QUARANTINE HOUSING FOR MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL GUARD WHO 
              PERFORM CERTAIN DUTY IN RESPONSE TO THE COVID-19 
              EMERGENCY.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide, to a 
member of the National Guard who performs a period of covered duty, 
housing for not fewer than 14 days immediately after the end of such 
period of covered duty.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered duty'' means full-time National 
        Guard duty performed in response to the covered national 
        emergency.
            (2) The term ``covered national emergency'' means the 
        national emergency declared on March 13, 2020, by the President 
        under the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) 
        with respect to COVID-19.
            (3) The term ``full-time National Guard duty'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 101 of title 10, United 
        States Code.

SEC. 520C. NATIONAL GUARD SUPPORT TO MAJOR DISASTERS.

    (a) In General.--Section 502(f) of title 32, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) Operations or missions authorized by the President or 
        the Secretary of Defense to support large scale, complex, 
        catastrophic disasters, as defined by section 311(3) of title 
        6, United States Code, at the request of a State governor.''; 
        and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) With respect to operations or missions described 
        under paragraph (2)(C), there is authorized to be appropriated 
        to the Secretary of Defense such sums as may be necessary to 
        carry out such operations and missions, but only if--
                    ``(A) an emergency has been declared by the 
                governor of the applicable State; and
                    ``(B) the President has declared the emergency to 
                be a major disaster for the purposes of the Robert T. 
                Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance 
                Act.''.
    (b) Report on Methods To Enhance Domestic Response to Large Scale, 
Complex and Catastrophic Disasters.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
        consultation and coordination with the Federal Emergency 
        Management Agency, the National Security Council, the Council 
        of Governors, and the National Governors Association, shall 
        submit to the congressional defense, the Committees on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure and Homeland Security of the 
        House of Representatives, and the Committee on Homeland 
        Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate a report on 
        their plan to establish policy and processes to implement the 
        authority provided by the amendments made by section 520. The 
        report shall include a detailed examination of the policy 
        framework consistent with existing authorities, identify major 
        statutory or policy impediments to implementation, and make 
        recommendations for legislation as appropriate.
            (2) Contents.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) 
        shall include a description of--
                    (A) the current policy and processes whereby 
                governors can request activation of the National Guard 
                under title 32, United States Code, as part of the 
                response to large scale, complex, catastrophic 
                disasters that are supported by the Federal Government 
                and, if no formal process exists in policy, the 
                Secretary of Defense shall provide a timeline and plan 
                to establish such a policy, including consultation with 
                the Council of Governors and the National Governors 
                Association;
                    (B) the Secretary of Defense's assessment, informed 
                by consultation with the Federal Emergency Management 
                Agency, the National Security Council, the Council of 
                Governors, and the National Governors Association, 
                regarding the sufficiency of current authorities for 
                the reimbursement of National Guard and Reserve 
                manpower during large scale, complex, catastrophic 
                disasters under title 10 and title 32, United States 
                Code, and specifically whether reimbursement 
                authorities are sufficient to ensure that military 
                training and readiness are not degraded to fund 
                disaster response, or invoking them degrades the 
                effectiveness of the Disaster Relief Fund;
                    (C) the Department of Defense's plan to ensure 
                there is parallel and consistent policy in the 
                application of the authorities granted under section 
                12304a of title 10, United States Code, and section 
                502(f) of title 32, United States Code, including--
                            (i) a description of the disparities 
                        between benefits and protections under Federal 
                        law versus State active duty;
                            (ii) recommended solutions to achieve 
                        parity at the Federal level; and
                            (iii) recommended changes at the State 
                        level, if appropriate;
                    (D) the Department of Defense's plan to ensure 
                there is parity of benefits and protections for 
                military members employed as part of the response to 
                large scale, complex, catastrophic disasters under 
                title 32 or title 10, United States Code, and 
                recommendations for addressing shortfalls; and
                    (E) a review, by the Federal Emergency Management 
                Agency, of the current policy for, and an assessment of 
                the sufficiency of, reimbursement authority for the use 
                of all National Guard and Reserve, both to the 
                Department of Defense and to the States, during large 
                scale, complex, catastrophic disasters, including any 
                policy and legal limitations, and cost assessment 
                impact on Federal funding.

SEC. 520D. AUTHORITY TO REINSTATE AND TRANSFER OFFICERS IN MEDICAL 
              SPECIALTIES IN THE RESERVE COMPONENTS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
              PREVIOUSLY RETIRED HONORABLY OR UNDER HONORABLE 
              CONDITIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 14703(b) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``paragraph (2)'' and 
        inserting ``paragraphs (2) and (3)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) In the case of an officer in a medical specialty described in 
subsection (a) who was previously retired honorably or under honorable 
conditions beyond the date described in paragraph (1)--
            ``(A) if the Secretary concerned determines it necessary, 
        the Secretary concerned may, with the consent of the officer, 
        reinstate the officer to an active status for such period as 
        the Secretary concerned determines appropriate; or
            ``(B) the officer may be transferred under section 716 of 
        this title to another armed force and reinstated to an active 
        status for such period as the Secretary concerned determines 
        appropriate.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading for section 14703 of 
        title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 14703. Retention of chaplains and officers in medical 
              specialties until specified age; retention, 
              reinstatement, and transfer of officers in medical 
              specialties beyond specified age''.
            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 1409 of such title is amended by striking 
        the item relating to section 14703 and inserting the following 
        new item:

``14703. Retention of chaplains and officers in medical specialties 
                            until specified age; retention, 
                            reinstatement, and transfer of officers in 
                            medical specialties beyond specified 
                            age.''.

SEC. 520E. REPORT REGARDING NATIONAL GUARD YOUTH CHALLENGE PROGRAM.

    Not later than December 31, 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit a report to the congressional defense committees regarding the 
resources and authorities the Secretary determines necessary to 
identify the effects of the National Guard Youth Challenge Program on 
graduates of that program during the 5 years immediately preceding the 
date of the report. Such resources shall include the costs of 
identifying such effects beyond the 12-month, post-residential 
mentoring period of that program.

SEC. 520F. PERMANENT SUICIDE PREVENTION AND RESILIENCE PROGRAM FOR THE 
              RESERVE COMPONENTS.

    Section 10219 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking subsection (h).

  Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                Records

SEC. 521. TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO ORDER RETIRED MEMBERS TO ACTIVE DUTY 
              IN HIGH-DEMAND, LOW-DENSITY ASSIGNMENTS DURING WAR OR 
              NATIONAL EMERGENCY.

    Section 688a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(g) Exception During Period of War or National Emergency.--The 
limitations in subsections (c) and (f) shall not apply during time of 
war declared by Congress or of national emergency declared by the 
President.''.

SEC. 522. REENLISTMENT WAIVERS FOR PERSONS SEPARATED FROM THE ARMED 
              FORCES WHO COMMIT ONE MISDEMEANOR CANNABIS OFFENSE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations that permit any Secretary of a military department to grant 
a reenlistment waiver to a covered person if the Secretary determines 
that the reenlistment of that covered person is vital to the national 
interest.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered person'' means an individual--
                    (A) who has been separated, discharged, dismissed, 
                or released from the Armed Forces; and
                    (B) who has admitted to or been convicted by a 
                court of competent jurisdiction of a single violation--
                            (i) of any law of a State or the United 
                        States relating to the use or possession of 
                        cannabis;
                            (ii) that constitutes a misdemeanor; and
                            (iii) that occurred while that individual 
                        was not performing active service.
            (2) The terms ``active service'' and ``military 
        department'' have the meanings given such terms in section 101 
        of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 523. REVIEW OF SEAMAN TO ADMIRAL-21 PROGRAM; CREDIT TOWARDS 
              RETIREMENT.

    (a) Review.--The Secretary of the Navy shall review personnel 
records of all participants in the Seaman to Admiral-21 program during 
fiscal years 2010 through 2014 to determine whether each participant 
acknowledged, before entering a baccalaureate degree program, that 
service during the baccalaureate degree program would not be included 
when computing years of service for retirement.
    (b) Credit.--For each participant described in subsection (a) for 
whom the Secretary cannot find evidence of an acknowledgment described 
in that subsection, the Secretary shall include service during the 
baccalaureate degree program when computing--
            (1) years of service; and
            (2) retired or retainer pay.
    (c) Report Required.--The Secretary shall submit a report to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
regarding the results of the review under subsection (a) and the number 
of participants credited with service under subsection (b).
    (d) Deadline.--The Secretary of the Navy shall carry out this 
section not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act.

SEC. 524. REPORT REGARDING REVIEWS OF DISCHARGES AND DISMISSALS BASED 
              ON SEXUAL ORIENTATION OR GENDER IDENTITY.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than September 30, 2021, the 
Secretaries of Defense and Veterans Affairs shall jointly submit to 
Congress a report regarding former members of the Armed Forces who--
            (1) were discharged or dismissed from the Armed Forces;
            (2) have applied to either Secretary for an upgrade in the 
        characterization of discharge or dismissal; and
            (3) allege in such applications that such discharges or 
        dismissals arose from a policy of the Department of Defense 
        regarding the sexual orientation or gender identity of a 
        member.
    (b) Elements.--The report under this section shall include the 
number of applications described in subsection (a) and the percentages 
of such applications granted and denied, disaggregated by--
            (1) Armed Force;
            (2) grade;
            (3) race;
            (4) ethnicity;
            (5) gender;
            (6) characterization of discharge or dismissal; and
            (7) upgraded characterization of discharge or dismissal, if 
        applicable.
    (c) Publication.--The Secretaries each shall publish the report 
under this section on a publicly accessible website of the respective 
department.

SEC. 525. DEVELOPMENT OF GUIDELINES FOR USE OF UNOFFICIAL SOURCES OF 
              INFORMATION TO DETERMINE ELIGIBILITY OF MEMBERS AND 
              FORMER MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES FOR DECORATIONS AND 
              BENEFITS WHEN THE SERVICE RECORDS ARE INCOMPLETE BECAUSE 
              OF DAMAGE TO THE OFFICIAL RECORD.

    Section 528 of National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2020 (10 U.S.C. 1121 note; 133 Stat.1357) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``and benefits'' 
        after ``decorations'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by inserting ``and the Secretary of Veterans 
                Affairs'' after ``military departments''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``and benefits'' after 
                ``decorations'';
            (3) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c); and
            (4) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(b) Consultation.--The Secretary of Defense shall prepare the 
guidelines in consultation with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, with 
respect to veterans benefits under title 38, United States Code, whose 
eligibility determinations depend on the use of service records 
maintained by the Department of Defense.''.

SEC. 526. REPORT ON BAD PAPER.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than September 1, 2021, the 
Inspector General of the Department of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
a report regarding bad paper issued by the Department of Defense during 
the 20 years preceding the date of the report.
    (b) Elements.--The report shall include, with regards to members 
who received bad paper, the following, if known:
            (1) Sex.
            (2) Age.
            (3) Religion.
            (4) Race.
            (5) Ethnicity.
            (6) Tribal affiliation.
            (7) Sexual orientation.
            (8) Reasons for discharge or dismissal.
            (9) In a case of a bad conduct or medical discharge, 
        whether there is evidence the member suffered symptoms of 
        sexual trauma, including--
                    (A) post-traumatic stress disorder;
                    (B) going absent without leave or on unauthorized 
                absence;
                    (C) inability to complete duties or carry out 
                orders;
                    (D) insubordination;
                    (E) substance abuse;
                    (F) or substance addiction;
            (10) Whether the member had filed a complaint within the 
        chain of command regarding--
                    (A) fraud, waste, or abuse of Federal funds;
                    (B) a violation of military or Federal law;
                    (C) a violation of the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice;
                    (D) sexual assault;
                    (E) sexual harassment;
                    (F) sexual abuse;
                    (G) sexual trauma; or
                    (H) discrimination on the basis of sex, age, 
                religion, race, ethnicity, Tribal affiliation, or 
                sexual orientation.
            (11) Armed Force.
            (12) Any other information the Inspector General determines 
        appropriate.
    (c) Interviews.--To prepare report under this section, the 
Inspector General may interview veterans or other former members of the 
Armed Forces.
    (d) Bad Paper Defined.--In this section, ``bad paper'' means a 
discharge or dismissal from the Armed Forces characterized as--
            (1) dishonorable;
            (2) bad conduct; or
            (3) other than honorable.

          Subtitle D--Military Justice and Other Legal Matters

SEC. 531. PUNITIVE ARTICLE ON VIOLENT EXTREMISM.

    (a) Violent Extremism.--
            (1) In general.--Subchapter X of chapter 47 of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 916 
        (article 116 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) the 
        following new section (article):
``Sec. 916a. Art. 116a. Violent extremism
    ``(a) Prohibition.--Any person subject to this chapter who--
            ``(1) knowingly commits a covered offense against--
                    ``(A) the Government of the United States; or
                    ``(B) any person or class of people;
            ``(2)(A) with the intent to intimidate or coerce any person 
        or class of people; or
            ``(B) with the intent to influence, affect, or retaliate 
        against the policy or conduct of the Government of the United 
        States or any State; and
            ``(3) does so--
                    ``(A) to achieve political, ideological, religious, 
                social, or economic goals; or
                    ``(B) in the case of an act against a person or 
                class of people, for reasons relating to the race, 
                religion, color, ethnicity, sex, age, disability 
                status, national origin, sexual orientation, or gender 
                identity of the person or class of people concerned;
is guilty of violent extremism and shall be punished as a court-martial 
may direct.
    ``(b) Attempts, Solicitation, and Conspiracy.--Any person who 
attempts, solicits, or conspires to commit an offense under this 
section shall be punished in the same manner as a person who completes 
the offense.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Covered offense.--The term `covered offense' means--
                    ``(A) loss, damage, destruction, or wrongful 
                disposition of military property of the United States, 
                in violation of section 908 of this title (article 
                108);
                    ``(B) waste, spoilage, or destruction of property 
                other than military property of the United States, in 
                violation of section 909 of this title (article 109);
                    ``(C) communicating threats, in violation of 
                section 915 of this title (article 115);
                    ``(D) riot or breach of peace, in violation of 
                section 916 of this title (article 116);
                    ``(E) provoking speech or gestures, in violation of 
                section 917 of this title (article 117);
                    ``(F) murder, in violation of section 918 of this 
                title (article 118);
                    ``(G) manslaughter, in violation of section 919 of 
                this title (article 119);
                    ``(H) larceny or wrongful appropriation, in 
                violation of section 921 of this title (article 121);
                    ``(I) robbery, in violation of section 922 of this 
                title (article 122);
                    ``(J) kidnapping, in violation of section 925 of 
                this title (article 125);
                    ``(K) assault, in violation of section 928 of this 
                title (article 128);
                    ``(L) conspiracy to commit an offense specified in 
                any of subparagraphs (A) through (K), as punishable 
                under section 881 of this title (article 81);
                    ``(M) solicitation to commit an offense specified 
                in any of subparagraphs (A) through (K), as punishable 
                under section 882 of this title (article 82); or
                    ``(N) an attempt to commit an offense specified in 
                any of subparagraphs (A) through (K), as punishable 
                under section 880 of this title (article 80).
            ``(2) State.--The term `State' includes any State of the 
        United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of 
        Puerto Rico, and any other possession or territory of the 
        United States.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such subchapter is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 916 (article 116) the following new 
        item:

``916a. 116a. Violent extremism.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and shall apply to 
offenses committed on or after such date.

SEC. 532. PRESERVATION OF COURT-MARTIAL RECORDS.

    Section 940a of title 10, United States Code (article 140a of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(d) Preservation of Court-Martial Records Without Regard to 
Outcome.--The standards and criteria prescribed by the Secretary of 
Defense under subsection (a) shall provide for the preservation of 
general and special court-martial records, without regard to the 
outcome of the proceeding concerned, for not fewer than 15 years.''.

SEC. 533. ELECTRONIC NOTARIZATION FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    Section 1044a of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e)(1) A person named in subsection (b) may exercise the powers 
described in subsection (a) through electronic means, including under 
circumstances where the individual with respect to whom such person is 
performing the notarial act is not physically present in the same 
location as such person.
    ``(2) A determination of the authenticity of a notarial act 
authorized in this section shall be made without regard to whether the 
notarial act was performed through electronic means.
    ``(3) A log or journal of a notarial act authorized in this section 
shall be considered for evidentiary purposes without regard to whether 
the log or journal is in electronic form.''.

SEC. 534. CLARIFICATIONS REGARDING SCOPE OF EMPLOYMENT AND REEMPLOYMENT 
              RIGHTS OF MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.

    (a) Clarification Regarding Definition of Rights and Benefits.--
Section 4303(2) of title 38, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(A)'' before ``The term''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(B) Any procedural protections or provisions set forth in 
        this chapter shall also be considered a right or benefit 
        subject to the protection of this chapter.''.
    (b) Clarification Regarding Relation to Other Law and Plans for 
Agreements.--Section 4302 of such title is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
    ``(c)(1) Pursuant to this section and the procedural rights 
afforded by subchapter III of this chapter, any agreement to arbitrate 
a claim under this chapter is unenforceable, unless all parties consent 
to arbitration after a complaint on the specific claim has been filed 
in court or with the Merit Systems Protection Board and all parties 
knowingly and voluntarily consent to have that particular claim 
subjected to arbitration.
    ``(2) For purposes of this subsection, consent shall not be 
considered voluntary when a person is required to agree to arbitrate an 
action, complaint, or claim alleging a violation of this chapter as a 
condition of future or continued employment, advancement in employment, 
or receipt of any right or benefit of employment.''.

SEC. 535. TERMINATION OF TELEPHONE, MULTICHANNEL VIDEO PROGRAMMING, AND 
              INTERNET ACCESS SERVICE CONTRACTS BY SERVICEMEMBERS WHO 
              ENTER INTO CONTRACTS AFTER RECEIVING MILITARY ORDERS FOR 
              PERMANENT CHANGE OF STATION BUT THEN RECEIVE STOP 
              MOVEMENT ORDERS DUE TO AN EMERGENCY SITUATION.

    (a) In General.--Section 305A(a)(1) of the Servicemembers Civil 
Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 3956) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``after the date the servicemember receives 
        military orders to relocate for a period of not less than 90 
        days to a location that does not support the contract.'' and 
        inserting ``after--''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(A) the date the servicemember receives military 
                orders to relocate for a period of not less than 90 
                days to a location that does not support the contract; 
                or
                    ``(B) the date the servicemember, while in military 
                service, receives military orders for a permanent 
                change of station, thereafter enters into the contract, 
                and then after entering into the contract receives a 
                stop movement order issued by the Secretary of Defense 
                in response to a local, national, or global emergency, 
                effective for an indefinite period or for a period of 
                not less than 30 days, which prevents the servicemember 
                from using the services provided under the contract.''.
    (b) Retroactive Application.--The amendments made by this section 
shall apply to stop movement orders issued on or after March 1, 2020.

SEC. 536. ABSENTEE BALLOT TRACKING PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment and Operation of Program.--Section 102(h) of the 
Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (52 U.S.C. 
20302(h)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(h) Absentee Ballot Tracking Program.--
            ``(1) Requiring establishment and operation of program.--
        The chief State election official, in coordination with local 
        election jurisdictions, shall establish and operate an absentee 
        ballot tracking program described in paragraph (2) for the use 
        of absent uniformed services voters and overseas voters.
            ``(2) Program described.--
                    ``(A) Information on transmission and receipt of 
                absentee ballots.--An absentee ballot tracking program 
                described in this paragraph is a program under which--
                            ``(i) the State or local election official 
                        responsible for the transmission of absentee 
                        ballots in an election for Federal office 
                        operates procedures to track and confirm the 
                        transmission of such ballots and to make 
                        information on the transmission of such a 
                        ballot available by means of online access 
                        using the Internet site of the official's 
                        office; and
                            ``(ii) the State or local election official 
                        responsible for the receipt of absentee ballots 
                        in an election for Federal office operates 
                        procedures to track and confirm the receipt of 
                        such ballots and (subject to subparagraph (B)) 
                        to make information on the receipt of such a 
                        ballot available by means of online access 
                        using the Internet site of the official's 
                        office.
                    ``(B) Specific information on receipt of voted 
                absentee ballots.--The information required to be made 
                available under clause (ii) of subparagraph (A) with 
                respect to the receipt of a voted absentee ballot in an 
                election for Federal office shall include information 
                regarding whether the vote cast on the ballot was 
                counted, and, in the case of a vote which was not 
                counted, the reasons therefor. The appropriate State or 
                local election official shall make the information 
                described in the previous sentence available during the 
                30-day period that begins on the date on which the 
                results of the election are certified, or during such 
                earlier 30-day period as the official may provide.
            ``(3) Use of toll-free telephone number by officials 
        without internet site.--A program established and operated by a 
        State or local election official whose office does not have an 
        Internet site may meet the requirements of paragraph (2) if the 
        official has established and operates a toll-free telephone 
        number that may be used to obtain the information on the 
        transmission or receipt of the absentee ballot which is 
        required under such paragraph.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
apply with respect to an election held during 2022 or any succeeding 
year.

SEC. 537. TRACKING MECHANISM AND REPORTING REQUIREMENTS FOR 
              SUPREMACIST, EXTREMIST, AND CRIMINAL GANG ACTIVITY IN THE 
              ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Process Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
implement a process to track investigations, criminal and 
administrative actions, and final determinations with respect to 
conduct of members of the covered Armed Forces that is prohibited under 
Department of Defense Instruction 1325.06, titled ``Handling Dissident 
and Protest Activities Among Members of the Armed Forces'', or any 
successor instruction.
    (b) Elements.--The process under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) A mechanism that military criminal investigative 
        organizations may use--
                    (A) to track criminal investigations into the 
                prohibited conduct described in subsection (a), 
                including a mechanism to track those investigations 
                that are forwarded to commanders for administrative 
                action;
                    (B) to provide relevant information from criminal 
                investigations and administrative actions to civilian 
                law enforcement agencies; and
                    (C) to track final administrative actions taken 
                with respect to investigations that are referred to 
                commanders.
            (2) A mechanism commanders may use to provide information 
        to military criminal investigative organizations on any serious 
        conduct under consideration for administrative action or any 
        final administrative actions taken with respect to the 
        prohibited conduct described in subsection (a).
            (3) A standardized database, shared among the covered Armed 
        Forces, to ensure that the tracking required under subsection 
        (a) is carried out in the same manner across such Armed Forces.
    (c) Report.--Not later than December 1 of each year beginning after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on the 
process implemented under subsection (a). Each report shall include--
            (1) the number of investigations, criminal and 
        administrative actions, and final determinations tracked over 
        the preceding year;
            (2) the number of individuals discharged from the covered 
        Armed Forces due to activities prohibited under Department of 
        Defense Instruction 1325.06 and a description of the 
        circumstances that led to such discharges; and
            (3) of the actions enumerated under paragraph (1), the 
        number of instances in which information on the conduct of a 
        member of the covered Armed Forces was referred to civilian law 
        enforcement agencies as a result of the investigation or 
        action.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means--
                    (A) the Committee on the Judiciary and the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on the Judiciary and the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
                Representatives.
            (2) The term ``covered Armed Forces'' means the Army, the 
        Navy, the Air Force, and the Marine Corps.

SEC. 538. MILITARY-CIVILIAN TASK FORCE ON DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND RELATED 
              INFORMATION COLLECTION ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Military-Civilian Task Force on Domestic Violence.--
            (1) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        establish a military-civilian task force on domestic violence 
        (in this section, referred to as the ``Task Force'').
            (2) Duties.--The duties of the Task Force shall be to 
        analyze and develop recommendations, for implementation by the 
        Secretary, with respect to each of the following:
                    (A) The risk of domestic violence at various stages 
                of military service, including identification of--
                            (i) stages at which there is a higher than 
                        average risk of domestic violence; and
                            (ii) stages at which the implementation of 
                        domestic violence prevention strategies may 
                        have the greatest preventive effect.
                    (B) The use and dissemination of domestic violence 
                prevention resources throughout the stages of military 
                service including providing new service members with 
                training in domestic violence prevention.
                    (C) How to best target prevention resources to 
                address those with a higher risk of domestic violence.
                    (D) The implementation of strategies to prevent 
                domestic violence by training, educating, and assigning 
                prevention-related responsibilities to--
                            (i) commanders;
                            (ii) medical, behavioral, and mental health 
                        service providers;
                            (iii) family advocacy representatives;
                            (iv) Military Family Life Consultants; and
                            (v) other individuals and entities with 
                        responsibilities that may be relevant to 
                        addressing domestic violence.
                    (E) The efficacy of providing survivors of domestic 
                violence with the option to request expedited 
                transfers, and the effects of such transfers.
                    (F) Improvements to procedures for reporting 
                appropriate legal actions to the National Crime 
                Information Center and the efficacy of such procedures.
                    (G) The effects of domestic violence on--
                            (i) housing for military families;
                            (ii) the education of military dependent 
                        children;
                            (iii) servicemember work assignments and 
                        careers; and
                            (iv) the health of servicemembers and their 
                        families, including short-term and long-term 
                        health effects and effects on mental health.
                    (H) Age-appropriate training and education programs 
                for students attending schools operated by the 
                Department of Defense Education Activity that are 
                designed to assist such students in learning positive 
                relationship behaviors in families and with intimate 
                partners.
                    (I) The potential effects of requiring military 
                protective orders to be issued by a military judge and 
                whether such a requirement would increase the 
                enforcement of military protective orders by civilian 
                law enforcement agencies outside the boundaries of 
                military installations.
                    (J) Whether prevention of domestic violence would 
                be enhanced by raising the disposition authority for 
                offenses of domestic violence to an officer who is--
                            (i) in the grade of 0-6 or above;
                            (ii) in the chain of command of the 
                        accused; and
                            (iii) authorized by chapter 47 of title 10, 
                        United States Code (the Uniform Code of 
                        Military Justice) to convene special courts 
                        martial.
                    (K) How to improve access to resources for 
                survivors of domestic violence throughout the stages of 
                military service.
                    (L) Consideration of any other matters that the 
                Task Force determines to be relevant to--
                            (i) decreasing the frequency of domestic 
                        violence committed by or upon members of the 
                        covered Armed Forces and their dependents; and
                            (ii) reducing the severity of such 
                        violence.
            (3) Membership.--The Task Force shall be composed of the 
        following members:
                    (A) One or more representatives of family advocacy 
                programs of the Department of Defense.
                    (B) One or more representatives of the Defense 
                Advisory Committee on Women in the Services.
                    (C) One or more medical personnel of the Department 
                of Defense.
                    (D) One or more Judge Advocates General.
                    (E) One or more military police or other law 
                enforcement personnel of the covered Armed Forces.
                    (F) One or more military commanders.
                    (G) One or more individuals whose duties include 
                planning, executing, and evaluating training of the 
                covered Armed Forces.
                    (H) Civilians who are experts on domestic violence 
                or who provide services relating to domestic violence, 
                including--
                            (i) not fewer than two representatives from 
                        the national domestic violence resource center 
                        and the special issue resource centers referred 
                        to in section 310 of the Family Violence 
                        Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10410);
                            (ii) not fewer than two representatives 
                        from national domestic violence organizations;
                            (iii) not fewer than two representatives 
                        from State domestic violence and sexual assault 
                        coalitions; and
                            (iv) not fewer than two domestic violence 
                        service providers who provide services in 
                        communities located near military 
                        installations.
                    (I) One or more representatives who are subject 
                matter experts on--
                            (i) scientific and other research relating 
                        to domestic violence; and
                            (ii) science-based strategies for the 
                        prevention, intervention, and response to 
                        domestic violence.
                    (J) Civilian law enforcement personnel.
                    (K) One or more representatives from the Office on 
                Violence Against Women of the Department of Justice.
                    (L) One or more representatives of the Family 
                Violence Prevention and Services Program of the 
                Department of Health and Human Services.
                    (M) One or more representatives from the Centers 
                for Disease Control and Prevention.
            (4) Appointment by secretary of defense.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
                appoint the members of the Task Force specified in 
                subparagraphs (A) through (M) of paragraph (3).
                    (B) Consultation.--
                            (i) Consultation with attorney general.--In 
                        appointing members under subparagraph (K) of 
                        paragraph 3, the Secretary of Defense shall 
                        consult with the Attorney General.
                            (ii) Consultation with secretary of hhs.--
                        In appointing members under subparagraphs (L) 
                        and (M) of such paragraph, the Secretary shall 
                        consult with the Secretary of Health and Human 
                        Services.
                    (C) Inclusion of certain personnel.--The Secretary 
                shall ensure that the members appointed by the 
                Secretary under this subparagraph include--
                            (i) representatives of the Office of the 
                        Secretary of Defense;
                            (ii) general and flag officers;
                            (iii) noncommissioned officers; and
                            (iv) other enlisted personnel of the 
                        covered Armed Forces.
            (5) Total number of members.--The total number of members 
        appointed to the Task Force shall be not more than 25.
            (6) Chairperson.--
                    (A) Nominee list.--On an annual basis, the Task 
                Force shall submit to the Secretary a list of members 
                of the Task Force who may be considered for the 
                position of chairperson of the Task Force.
                    (B) Selection.--From the list submitted to the 
                Secretary under subparagraph (A) for each year, the 
                Secretary of Defense shall designate one member of the 
                Task Force to serve as the chairperson of the Task 
                Force.
                    (C) Term.--The chairperson designated by the 
                Secretary under subparagraph (B) shall serve for a term 
                of 1 year and may serve for additional terms of 1 year 
                if redesignated as the chairperson by the Secretary 
                under such subparagraph.
            (7) Meetings.--The first meeting of the Task Force shall 
        convene not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
        of this Act. Thereafter, the task Force shall meet in plenary 
        session not less frequently than once annually.
            (8) Compensation and travel expenses.--Each member of the 
        Task Force shall serve without compensation (other than the 
        compensation to which such member may be entitled as a member 
        of the covered Armed Forces or an officer or employee of the 
        United States, as the case may be), but shall be allowed travel 
        expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, at rates 
        authorized for employees of agencies under subchapter I of 
        chapter 57 of title 5, United States Code, while away from the 
        member's home or regular places of business in the performance 
        of services for the Task Force.
            (9) Site visits.--In the carrying out the duties described 
        in paragraph (2), members of the Task Force shall--
                    (A) on an annual basis, visit one or more military 
                installations outside the United States; and
                    (B) on a semiannual basis, visit one or more 
                military installations within the United States.
            (10) Oversight and administration.--The Secretary of 
        Defense shall designate an appropriate organization within the 
        Office of the Secretary of Defense to--
                    (A) provide oversight of the Task Force;
                    (B) provide the Task Force with the personnel, 
                facilities, and other administrative support that is 
                necessary for the performance of the Task Force's 
                duties; and
                    (C) on a rotating basis, direct the Secretary of 
                each military department to--
                            (i) coordinate visits of the Task Force to 
                        military installations; and
                            (ii) provide administrative, logistical, 
                        and other support for the meetings of the Task 
                        Force.
            (11) Reports.--
                    (A) Reports to secretary.--
                            (i) Initial report.--Not later than 1 year 
                        after the date on which the members of the Task 
                        Force are appointed under paragraph (3), the 
                        Task Force shall submit to the Secretary of 
                        Defense recommendations with respect to each 
                        matter described in paragraph (2).
                            (ii) Subsequent reports.--After submitting 
                        the initial report under subparagraph (A), the 
                        Task Force shall, from time to time, submit to 
                        the Secretary of Defense such analyses and 
                        recommendations as the Task Force considers 
                        appropriate to improve the effectiveness of the 
                        covered Armed Forces in responding to and 
                        preventing domestic violence.
                    (B) Reports to congress.--On an annual basis until 
                the date on which the Task Force terminates under 
                paragraph (12), the Task Force shall submit to Congress 
                a report that includes--
                            (i) a description of any improvements in 
                        the response of the covered Armed Forces to 
                        domestic violence over the preceding year;
                            (ii) an explanation of any pending research 
                        on domestic violence that may be relevant to 
                        domestic violence involving members of the 
                        covered Armed Forces; and
                            (iii) such analyses and recommendations as 
                        the Task Force considers appropriate to improve 
                        the effectiveness of the covered Armed Forces 
                        in responding to and preventing domestic 
                        violence.
            (12) Termination.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), the Task Force shall terminate on the date that is 
                5 years after the date of the first meeting of the Task 
                Force.
                    (B) Continuation.--
                            (i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), 
                        the Secretary of Defense may continue the Task 
                        Force for a period of up to 2 years after the 
                        termination date applicable under subparagraph 
                        (A) if the Secretary determines that 
                        continuation of the Task Force is advisable and 
                        appropriate.
                            (ii) Notice to congress.--If the Secretary 
                        determines to continue the Task Force under 
                        clause (i), not later than 90 days before the 
                        termination date applicable under subparagraph 
                        (A) and annually thereafter until the new date 
                        of the termination of the Task Force, the 
                        Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
                        Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
                        Representatives a notice describing the reasons 
                        for the continuation and confirming the new 
                        termination date.
            (13) Implementation of recommendations.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), not later than 180 days after the date on which 
                the Secretary of Defense receives the initial report of 
                the Task Force under paragraph (11)(A)(i), the 
                Secretary shall, in consultation with the Task Force, 
                implement the recommendations of the Task Force with 
                respect to each matter described in paragraph (2).
                    (B) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the 
                requirement under subparagraph (A) with respect to a 
                recommendation of the Task force by submitting to the 
                Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
                House of Representatives a written notification setting 
                forth the reasons for the Secretary's decision not to 
                implement the recommendation.
    (b) Information Collection and Reporting.--
            (1) Information collection.--
                    (A) Regular information collection.--Using the 
                mechanism developed under subparagraph (B), the 
                Secretary of Defense shall regularly collect 
                information to measure the prevalence of domestic 
                violence involving members of the covered Armed Forces, 
                their intimate partners, and immediate family members.
                    (B) Mechanism to measure domestic violence.--The 
                Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Centers 
                for Disease Control and civilian organizations with 
                expertise in conducting informational surveys, shall 
                develop a mechanism to carry out the information 
                collection required under subparagraph (A).
            (2) Annual report on domestic violence.--
                    (A) Report required.--On an annual basis, the 
                Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
                defense committees a report on domestic violence in the 
                covered Armed Forces.
                    (B) Elements.--The report required under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include, with respect to the 
                year covered by the report, the following:
                            (i) Based on the information collected 
                        under paragraph (1), an assessment of the 
                        prevalence of domestic violence involving 
                        members of the covered Armed Forces, their 
                        intimate partners, and immediate family 
                        members.
                            (ii) The number of convictions under 
                        section 928b of title 10, United States Code 
                        (article 128b of the Uniform Code of Military 
                        Justice).
                            (iii) The recidivism rate for members of 
                        the covered Armed Forces convicted of domestic 
                        violence offenses.
                            (iv) The number instances in which a member 
                        of the covered Armed Forces received an 
                        administrative discharge as a result of the 
                        member's involvement in a domestic violence 
                        incident.
                            (v) The number of instances in which a 
                        member of the covered Armed Forces was 
                        prohibited from possessing firearms as a result 
                        of the member's conviction for a domestic 
                        violence offense.
                            (vi) Of the incidents described in clause 
                        (v), the number of instances in which the 
                        member received a waiver of such prohibition or 
                        was otherwise allowed to access firearms for 
                        duty purposes.
                            (vii) An explanation of the status of data 
                        sharing between the Department of Defense and 
                        civilian law enforcement agencies on matters 
                        relating to domestic violence.
    (c) Covered Armed Forces Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered Armed Forces'' means the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and 
the Marine Corps.

SEC. 539. ACTIONS TO ADDRESS MILITARY-CONNECTED CHILD ABUSE.

    (a) In General.--Consistent with the recommendations of the 
Government Accountability Office in the report titled ``Increased 
Guidance and Collaboration Needed to Improve DOD's Tracking and 
Response to Child Abuse'' (GAO-20-110), the Secretary of Defense shall 
carry out activities to improve the ability of the Department of 
Defense to effectively prevent, track, and respond to military-
connected child abuse.
    (b) Activities Required.--The activities carried out under 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
            (1) The Secretary of Defense shall expand the scope of the 
        Department of Defense's centralized database on problematic 
        sexual behavior in children and youth to track information on 
        all incidents involving child abuse reported to a Family 
        Advocacy Program or investigated by a military law enforcement 
        organization, regardless of whether the perpetrator of the 
        abuse is another child, an adult, or a person in a 
        noncaregiving role at the time of the incident.
            (2) The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
        Secretary of each military department, shall ensure--
                    (A) that each Family Advocacy Program records, in a 
                database of the Program, the date on which the Program 
                notified a military law enforcement organization of a 
                reported incident of child abuse; and
                    (B) that each military law enforcement organization 
                records, in a database of the organization, the date on 
                which the organization notified a Family Advocacy 
                Program of a reported incident of child abuse.
            (3) The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
        Secretary of each military department, shall issue guidance 
        that clarifies the process through which the Family Advocacy 
        Program of a covered Armed Force will receive, and incorporate 
        into the Program's central registry, information regarding 
        child abuse allegations involving members of that a covered 
        Armed Force and dependents of such members in cases in which 
        such allegations were previously recorded by the Family 
        Advocacy Program of another covered Armed Force. Such guidance 
        shall include a mechanism for monitoring the process to ensure 
        that the process is carried out consistently.
            (4) Each covered Armed Force shall develop a process to 
        monitor how reported incidents of child abuse are screened at 
        military installations to help ensure that all reported child 
        abuse incidents that should be presented to an Incident 
        Determination Committee are consistently presented and tracked.
            (5) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, in 
        consultation with the Director of the Department of Defense 
        Education Activity, clarifies Department of Defense Education 
        Activity guidance to define what types of child abuse incidents 
        must be reported as serious incidents to help ensure that all 
        serious incidents of which Department of Defense Education 
        Activity leadership needs to be informed are accurately and 
        consistently reported by school administrators.
            (6) The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
        Secretaries of the military departments, shall--
                    (A) expand the voting membership of each Incident 
                Determination Committee to include medical personnel 
                with requisite knowledge and experience; and
                    (B) ensure, to the extent practicable, that voting 
                membership of a Committee includes medical personnel 
                with expertise in pediatric medicine in cases in which 
                a reported incident of child abuse is under review by 
                the Committee.
            (7) Each covered Armed Force shall implement procedures to 
        provide the families of child abuse victims with comprehensive 
        information on how reported incidents of child abuse will be 
        addressed. Such practices may include the development of a 
        guide that--
                    (A) explains the processes the Family Advocacy 
                Program and military law enforcement organizations will 
                follow to address the report; and
                    (B) identifies services and other resources 
                available to victims and their families.
            (8) The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
        Secretaries of the military departments, shall issue guidance 
        to clarify the circumstances under which military commanders 
        may exercise the authority to remove a child from a potentially 
        unsafe home on a military installation outside the United 
        States.
            (9) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, in 
        consultation with the Director of the Defense Health Agency, 
        establishes processes that help ensure children who are 
        sexually abused outside the United States have timely access to 
        a certified pediatric sexual assault forensic examiner to 
        conduct an examination. Such processes may include certifying 
        pediatricians, or adult sexual assault forensic examiners who 
        have pediatric sexual assault nurse examiner training in a 
        multidisciplinary team setting, as pediatric examiners during 
        mandatory training or establishing shared regional assets.
            (10) The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
        Deputy Attorney General, shall establish procedures for 
        military criminal investigative organizations to communicate 
        with United States Attorneys, State Attorneys General, and 
        local prosecutors for relevant cases involving child victims, 
        including establishing protocols that--
                    (A) ensure that military investigators are notified 
                when a prosecution is declined;
                    (B) provide notice to victims of the status of 
                prosecutions and, as applicable, the reasons for the 
                declination to prosecute;
                    (C) arrange for specialized victim services outside 
                of the Department of Defense to be provided to juvenile 
                victims to the extent possible;
                    (D) facilitate legal assistance or other civil 
                legal aid services to juvenile victims; and
                    (E) ensure that juveniles accused of crimes are, to 
                the extent possible, provided defense counsel who are 
                trained in representing juveniles.
            (11) The Secretary of each military department shall seek 
        to develop a memorandum of understanding with the National 
        Children's Alliance that makes children's advocacy center 
        services and protocols available to all military installations 
        of the department and increases awareness of those services 
        across the department.
    (c) Deadline.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out the 
activities described in subsection (b) not later than 1 year after the 
date of the enactment of this Act.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``child abuse'' means any abuse of a child 
        (including physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, and 
        neglect) regardless of whether the perpetrator of the abuse is 
        another child, an adult, or a person in a noncaregiving role.
            (2) The term ``covered Armed Forces'' means the Army, Navy, 
        Air Force, Marine Corps, and Space Force.
            (3) The term ``Incident Determination Committee'' means a 
        committee established at a military installation that is 
        responsible for reviewing reported incidents of child abuse and 
        determining whether such incidents constitute child abuse 
        according to the applicable criteria of the Department of 
        Defense.
            (4) The term ``military-connected'', when used with respect 
        to child abuse, means child abuse occurring on a military 
        installation or involving a dependent of a member of the 
        covered Armed Forces.

SEC. 540. MULTIDISCIPLINARY BOARD TO EVALUATE SUICIDE EVENTS.

    (a) Guidance Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall issue 
guidance that requires each suicide event involving of a member of a 
covered Armed Force to be reviewed by a multidisciplinary board 
established at the command or installation level. Such guidance shall 
require that, for each suicide event reviewed by such a board, the 
board will--
            (1) clearly define the objective, purpose, and outcome of 
        the review;
            (2) take a multidisciplinary appraoch to the review and 
        include, as part of the review process, leaders of military 
        units, medical and mental health professionals, and 
        representatives of military criminal investigative 
        organizations;
            (3) obtain the data necessary to make a comprehensive 
        Department of Defense suicide event report submission; and
            (4) take appropriate steps to protect and share information 
        obtained from ongoing investigations into the event (such as 
        medical and law enforcement reports).
    (b) Implementation by Covered Armed Forces.--Not later than 90 days 
after the date on which the guidance is issued under subsection (a), 
the chiefs of the covered Armed Forces shall implement the guidance.
    (c) Progress Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the progress of the 
Secretary in implementing the guidance required under subsection (a).
    (d) Covered Armed Forces Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered Armed Forces'' means the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, 
and Space Force.

SEC. 540A. TO RESOLVE CONTROVERSIES UNDER SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF 
              ACT.

    (a) In General.--Section 102 of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act 
(50 U.S.C. 3912) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(d) Written Consent Required for Arbitration.--Notwithstanding 
any other provision of law, whenever a contract with a servicemember, 
or a servicemember and the servicemember's spouse jointly, provides for 
the use of arbitration to resolve a controversy subject to a provision 
of this Act and arising out of or relating to such contract, 
arbitration may be used to settle such controversy only if, after such 
controversy arises, all parties to such controversy consent in writing 
to use arbitration to settle such controversy.''.
    (b) Applicability.--Subsection (d) of such section, as added by 
subsection (a), shall apply with respect to contracts entered into, 
amended, altered, modified, renewed, or extended after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

SEC. 540B. LIMITATION ON WAIVER OF RIGHTS AND PROTECTIONS UNDER 
              SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF ACT.

    (a) In General.--Section 107(a) of the Servicemembers Civil Relief 
Act (50 U.S.C. 3918(a)) is amended--
            (1) in the second sentence, by inserting ``and if it is 
        made after a specific dispute has arisen and the dispute is 
        identified in the waiver'' after ``to which it applies''; and
            (2) in the third sentence, by inserting ``and if it is made 
        after a specific dispute has arisen and the dispute is 
        identified in the waiver'' after ``period of military 
        service''.
    (b) Applicability.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
apply with respect to waivers made on or after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

SEC. 540C. CLARIFICATION OF PRIVATE RIGHT OF ACTION UNDER 
              SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF ACT.

    Section 802(a) of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 
4042(a)) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting ``, 
        notwithstanding any previous agreement to the contrary,'' after 
        ``may''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``, notwithstanding any 
        previous agreement to the contrary''.

SEC. 540D. REQUIREMENT OF CERTAIN CERTIFICATION BEFORE DEPORTATION OF A 
              SPOUSE OF A MEMBER OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) In General.--A spouse of a member of the Armed Forces may not 
be removed from the United States until the Secretary concerned 
certifies to the congressional defense committees that--
            (1) the Secretary concerned has determined that such 
        removal shall not negatively affect the morale, welfare, or 
        well-being of that member;
            (2) the Secretary concerned has reviewed all information, 
        including extenuating circumstances, relating to such removal; 
        and
            (3) the Secretary concerned has assisted the member and 
        spouse to the greatest extent practicable.
    (b) Secretary Concerned Defined.--In this section, the term 
``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given that term in section 101 
of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 540E. CLARIFICATION OF TERMINATION OF LEASES OF PREMISES AND MOTOR 
              VEHICLES OF SERVICEMEMBERS WHO INCUR CATASTROPHIC INJURY 
              OR ILLNESS OR DIE WHILE IN MILITARY SERVICE.

    (a) Catastrophic Injuries and Illnesses.--Paragraph (4) of section 
305(a) of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 3955(a)), as 
added by section 545 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92), is amended to read as follows:
            ``(4) Catastrophic injury or illness of lessee.--
                    ``(A) Termination.--If the lessee on a lease 
                described in subsection (b) incurs a catastrophic 
                injury or illness during a period of military service 
                or while performing covered service, during the one-
                year period beginning on the date on which the lessee 
                incurs such injury or illness--
                            ``(i) the lessee may terminate the lease; 
                        or
                            ``(ii) in the case of a lessee who lacks 
                        the mental capacity to contract or to manage 
                        his or her own affairs (including disbursement 
                        of funds without limitation) due to such injury 
                        or illness, the spouse or dependent of the 
                        lessee may terminate the lease.
                    ``(B) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
                            ``(i) The term `catastrophic injury or 
                        illness' has the meaning given that term in 
                        section 439(g) of title 37, United States Code.
                            ``(ii) The term `covered service' means 
                        full-time National Guard duty, active Guard and 
                        Reserve duty, or inactive-duty training (as 
                        such terms are defined in section 101(d) of 
                        title 10, United States Code).''.
    (b) Deaths.--Paragraph (3) of such section is amended by striking 
``The spouse of the lessee'' and inserting ``The spouse or dependent of 
the lessee''.

SEC. 540F. AVAILABILITY OF RECORDS FOR NATIONAL INSTANT CRIMINAL 
              BACKGROUND CHECK SYSTEM.

    Section 101(b) of the NICS Improvement Amendments Act of 2007 (34 
U.S.C. 40911(b)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (1), the following new 
        paragraph (2):
            ``(2) Department of defense.--Not later than 3 business 
        days after the final disposition of a judicial proceeding 
        conducted within the Department of Defense, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall make available to the Attorney General records 
        which are relevant to a determination of whether a member of 
        the Armed Forces involved in such proceeding is disqualified 
        from possessing or receiving a firearm under subsection (g) or 
        (n) of section 922 of title 18, United States Code, for use in 
        background checks performed by the National Instant Criminal 
        Background Check System.''.

SEC. 540G. PROHIBITION ON CERTAIN COMMUNICATIONS REGARDING COURTS-
              MARTIAL.

    Section 825 of title 10, United States Code (article 25 of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(g) No individual may provide a briefing concerning a potential 
or pending court-martial to a member of the armed forces who may be 
selected to serve on the court-martial.''.

SEC. 540H. TERMINATION OF CONTRACTS FOR TELEPHONE, MULTICHANNEL VIDEO 
              PROGRAMMING, OR INTERNET ACCESS SERVICE BY CERTAIN 
              INDIVIDUALS UNDER SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF ACT.

    Section 305A(a) of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 
3956(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) Additional individuals covered.--For purposes of this 
        section, the following individuals shall be treated as a 
        servicemember covered by paragraph (1):
                    ``(A) A spouse or dependent of a servicemember who 
                dies while in military service or a spouse or dependent 
                of a member of the reserve components who dies while 
                performing duty described in subparagraph (C).
                    ``(B) A spouse or dependent of a servicemember who 
                incurs a catastrophic injury or illness (as that term 
                is defined in section 439(g) of title 37, United States 
                Code), if the servicemember incurs the catastrophic 
                injury or illness while performing duty described in 
                subparagraph (C).
                    ``(C) A member of the reserve components performing 
                military service or performing full-time National Guard 
                duty, active Guard and Reserve duty, or inactive-duty 
                training (as such terms are defined in section 101(d) 
                of title 10, United States Code).''.

SEC. 540I. REPORT ON DRUG DEMAND REDUCTION PROGRAM MODERNIZATION.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall deliver a report to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
regarding the efficacy of using point of collection testing (in this 
section referred to as ``POCT'') devices to modernize the drug demand 
reduction program (in this section referred to as ``DDRP'') random 
urinalysis testing.
    (b) Evaluation Criteria.--The report shall include the following:
            (1) The extent to which use of POCT devices streamline 
        current urinalysis testing processes and communications, while 
        maintaining specimen chain of custody for use in associated 
        administrative and military justice activities if needed.
            (2) An assessment of the effectiveness of the POCT devices 
        for DDRP random urinalysis testing while ensuring specimen 
        chain of custody.
            (3) A 10-year projection and assessment of the cost savings 
        associated with the use of POCT devices in the DDRP random 
        urinalysis testing.
            (4) The methodology for calculating the 10-year cost 
        projection.
            (5) An assessment of any other suggested changes to 
        modernize the DDRP program.
            (6) A summary of any programmatic or logistical barriers to 
        effectively carrying out the use of POCT devices in the DDRP 
        testing.

SEC. 540J. QUALIFICATIONS OF JUDGES AND STANDARD OF REVIEW FOR COURTS 
              OF CRIMINAL APPEALS.

    (a) Qualifications of Certain Judges.--Section 866(a) of title 10, 
United States Code (article 66(a) of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Each Judge'' and inserting:
            ``(1) In general.--Each Judge''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Additional qualifications.--In addition to any other 
        qualifications specified in paragraph (1), any commissioned 
        officer or civilian assigned as an appellate military judge to 
        a Court of Criminal Appeals shall have not fewer than 12 years 
        of experience in the practice of law before such assignment.''.
    (b) Standard of Review.--Paragraph (1) of section 866(d) of title 
10, United States Code (article 66(d) of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), is amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) Cases appealed by accused.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In any case before the Court of 
                Criminal Appeals under subsection (b), the Court may 
                act only with respect to the findings and sentence as 
                entered into the record under section 860c of this 
                title (article 60c). The Court may affirm only such 
                findings of guilty, and the sentence or such part or 
                amount of the sentence, as the Court finds correct in 
                law, and in fact in accordance with subparagraph (B), 
                and determines, on the basis of the entire record, 
                should be approved.
                    ``(B) Factual sufficiency review.--
                            ``(i) In an appeal of a finding of guilty 
                        or sentence under paragraph (1)(A), (1)(B), or 
                        (2) of subsection (b), the Court may consider 
                        whether the finding is correct in fact upon 
                        request of the accused if the accused makes a 
                        specific showing of a deficiency in proof.
                            ``(ii) After an accused has made such a 
                        showing, the Court may weigh the evidence and 
                        determine controverted questions of fact 
                        subject to--
                                    ``(I) appropriate deference to the 
                                fact that the trial court saw and heard 
                                the witnesses and other evidence; and
                                    ``(II) appropriate deference to 
                                findings of fact entered into the 
                                record by the military judge.
                            ``(iii) If, as a result of the review 
                        conducted under clause (ii), the Court is 
                        clearly convinced that the finding of guilty or 
                        sentence was against the weight of the 
                        evidence, the Court may dismiss or set aside 
                        the finding, or affirm a lesser finding.
                    ``(C) Review by full court.--Any determination by 
                the Court that a finding was clearly against the weight 
                of the evidence under subparagraph (B) shall be 
                reviewed by the Court sitting as a whole.''.
    (c) Inclusion of Additional Information in Annual Reports.--Section 
946a(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code (article 146a(b)(2) of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(D) An analysis of each case in which a Court of 
                Criminal Appeals made a final determination that a 
                finding of a court-martial was clearly against the 
                weight of the evidence, including an explanation of the 
                standard of appellate review applied in such case.''.

SEC. 540K. RIGHT TO NOTICE OF VICTIMS OF OFFENSES UNDER THE UNIFORM 
              CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE REGARDING CERTAIN POST-TRIAL 
              MOTIONS, FILINGS, AND HEARINGS.

    Section 806b(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code (article 
6b(a)(2)) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) and (E) as 
        subparagraphs (E) and (F), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following new 
        subparagraph (D):
                    ``(D) A post-trial motion, filing, or hearing that 
                may address the finding or sentence of a court-martial 
                with respect to the accused, unseal privileged or 
                private information of the victim, or result in the 
                release of the accused.''.

                       Subtitle E--Sexual Assault

SEC. 541. PROTECTION OF ATTORNEY-CLIENT PRIVILEGE BETWEEN VICTIMS AND 
              SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL.

    (a) Special Victims' Counsel.--Subsection (c) of section 1044e of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Nature of Relationship.--
            ``(1) Attorney-client relationship.--The relationship 
        between a Special Victims' Counsel and a victim in the 
        provision of legal advice and assistance shall be the 
        relationship between an attorney and client.
            ``(2) Testimony in legal proceedings.--During any criminal 
        legal proceeding in which a Special Victims' Counsel is asked 
        to testify or give evidence, the Special Victims' Counsel shall 
        be given the same consideration as counsel for the Government 
        and counsel for the accused.''.
    (b) Revision to Military Rules of Evidence.--Not later than 180 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, Rule 502 of the 
Military Rules of Evidence shall be modified to provide that the 
privilege between a Special Victims' Counsel and a client shall be the 
same as lawyer-client privilege.

SEC. 542. AUTHORITY OF MILITARY JUDGES AND MILITARY MAGISTRATES TO 
              ISSUE MILITARY COURT PROTECTIVE ORDERS.

    (a) Judge-Issued Military Court Protective Orders.--Chapter 80 of 
title 10, United Stated Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:
``Sec. 1567b. Authority of military judges and military magistrates to 
              issue military court protective orders
    ``(a) Authority To Issue Military Court Protective Orders.--The 
President shall prescribe regulations authorizing military judges and 
military magistrates to issue protective orders in accordance with this 
section. A protective order issued in accordance with this section 
shall be known as a `military court protective order'. Under the 
regulations prescribed by the President, military judges and military 
magistrates shall have exclusive jurisdiction over the issuance, 
appeal, renewal, and termination of military court protective orders 
and such orders may not be issued, appealed, renewed, or terminated by 
State, local, territorial, or tribal courts.
    ``(b) Enforcement by Civilian Authorities.--
            ``(1) In general.--In prescribing regulations for military 
        court protective orders, the President shall seek to ensure 
        that the protective orders are issued in a form and manner that 
        is enforceable by State, local, territorial, and tribal 
        civilian law enforcement authorities.
            ``(2) Full faith and credit.--Any military court protective 
        order, should be accorded full faith and credit by the court of 
        a State, local, territorial, or tribal jurisdiction (the 
        enforcing jurisdiction) and enforced by the court and law 
        enforcement personnel of that jurisdiction as if it were the 
        order of the enforcing jurisdiction.
            ``(3) Reciprocity agreements.--Consistent with paragraphs 
        (1) and (2), the Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter into 
        reciprocity agreements with State, local, territorial, and 
        tribal civilian law enforcement authorities under which--
                    ``(A) such authorities agree to enforce military 
                court protective orders; and
                    ``(B) the Secretary agrees to enforce protective 
                orders issued by such authorities that are consistent 
                with section 2265(b) of title 18.
    ``(c) Purpose and Form of Issuance.--A military court protective 
order may be issued for the purpose of protecting a victim of an 
alleged sex or domestic violence offense, or a family member or 
associate of the victim, from a person subject to chapter 47 of this 
title (the Uniform Code of Military Justice) who is alleged to have 
committed such an offense.
    ``(d) Timing and Manner of Issuance.--A military court protective 
order may be issued--
            ``(1) by a military magistrate, before referral of charges 
        and specifications to court-martial for trial, at the request 
        of--
                    ``(A) a victim of an alleged sex or domestic 
                violence offense; or
                    ``(B) a Special Victims' Counsel or other qualified 
                counsel acting on behalf of the victim; or
            ``(2) by a military judge, after referral of charges and 
        specifications to court-martial for trial, at the request of 
        qualified counsel, which may include a Special Victims' Counsel 
        acting on behalf of the victim or trial counsel acting on 
        behalf of the prosecution.
    ``(e) Duration and Renewal of Protective Order.--
            ``(1) Duration.--A military court protective order shall be 
        issued for an initial period of thirty days and may be reissued 
        for one or more additional periods of 30 days in accordance 
        with paragraph (2).
            ``(2) Expiration and renewal.--Before the expiration of any 
        30-day period during which a military court protective order is 
        in effect, a military judge or military magistrate shall review 
        the order to determine whether the order will terminate at the 
        expiration of such period or be reissued for an additional 
        period of 30 days.
            ``(3) Notice to protected persons.--If a military judge or 
        military magistrate determines under paragraph (2) that a 
        military court protective order will terminate, the judge or 
        magistrate concerned shall provide to each person protected by 
        the order reasonable, timely, and accurate notification of the 
        termination.
    ``(f) Review of Magistrate-Issued Orders.--
            ``(1) Review.--A military judge, at the request of the 
        person subject to a military court protective order that was 
        issued by a military magistrate, may review the order to 
        determine if the order was properly issued by the magistrate.
            ``(2) Standards of review.--A military judge who reviews an 
        order under paragraph (1) shall terminate the order if the 
        judge determines that--
                    ``(A) the military magistrate's decision to issue 
                the order was an abuse of discretion, and there is not 
                sufficient information presented to the military judge 
                to justify the order; or
                    ``(B) information not presented to the military 
                magistrate establishes that the military court 
                protective order should be terminated.
    ``(g) Due Process.--
            ``(1) Protection of due process.--Except as provided in 
        paragraph (2), a protective order authorized under subsection 
        (a) may be issued only after reasonable notice and opportunity 
        to be heard, directly or through counsel, is given to the 
        person against whom the order is sought sufficient to protect 
        that person's right to due process.
            ``(2) Emergency orders.--A protective order on an emergency 
        basis may be issued on an ex parte basis under such rules and 
        limitations as the President shall prescribe. In the case of ex 
        parte orders, notice and opportunity to be heard must be 
        provided within a reasonable time after the order is issued, 
        sufficient to protect the respondent's due process rights.
    ``(h) Rights of Victim.--The victim of an alleged sex or domestic 
violence offense who seeks a military court protective order has, in 
addition to any rights provided under section 806b (article 6b), the 
following rights with respect to any proceeding involving the 
protective order:
            ``(1) The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice 
        of the proceeding and of any change in the status of the 
        protective order resulting from the proceeding.
            ``(2) The right to be reasonably heard at the proceeding.
            ``(3) The right to appear in person, with or without 
        counsel, at the proceeding.
            ``(4) The right be represented by qualified counsel in 
        connection with the proceeding, which may include a Special 
        Victims' Counsel.
            ``(5) The reasonable right to confer with a representative 
        of the command of the accused and counsel representing the 
        government at the proceeding, as applicable.
            ``(6) The right to submit a written statement, directly or 
        through counsel, for consideration by the military judge or 
        military magistrate presiding over the proceeding.
    ``(i) Restrictions on Access to Firearms.--
            ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law--
                    ``(A) a military court protective order issued on 
                an ex parte basis shall restrain a person from 
                possessing, receiving, or otherwise accessing a 
                firearm; and
                    ``(B) a military court protective order issued 
                after the person to be subject to the order has 
                received notice and opportunity to be heard on the 
                order, shall restrain such person from possessing, 
                receiving, or otherwise accessing a firearm in 
                accordance with section 922 of title 18.
            ``(2) Notice to attorney general.--Not later than 72 hours 
        after the issuance of an order described in paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Attorney General a 
        record of the order.
    ``(j) Treatment as Lawful Order.--A military court protective order 
shall be treated as a lawful order for purposes of the application of 
section 892 (article 92) and a violation of such an order shall be 
punishable under such section (article).
    ``(k) Command Matters.--
            ``(1) Inclusion in personnel file.--Any military court 
        protective order against a member shall be placed and retained 
        in the military personnel file of the member.
            ``(2) Notice to civilian law enforcement of issuance.--Any 
        military court protective order against a member shall be 
        treated as a military protective order for purposes of section 
        1567a including for purposes of mandatory notification of 
        issuance to civilian law enforcement as required by that 
        section.
    ``(l) Relationship to Other Authorities.--Nothing in this section 
may be construed as prohibiting--
            ``(1) a commanding officer from issuing or enforcing any 
        otherwise lawful order in the nature of a protective order to 
        or against members of the officer's command;
            ``(2) pretrial restraint in accordance with Rule for 
        Courts-Martial 304 (as set forth in the Manual for Courts-
        Martial, 2019 edition, or any successor rule); or
            ``(3) pretrial confinement in accordance with Rule for 
        Courts-Martial 305 (as set forth in the Manual for Courts-
        Martial, 2019 edition, or any successor rule).
    ``(m) Delivery to Certain Persons.--A physical and electronic copy 
of any military court protective order shall be provided, as soon as 
practicable after issuance, to the following:
            ``(1) The person or persons protected by the protective 
        order or to the guardian of such a person if such person is 
        under the age of 18 years.
            ``(2) The person subject to the protective order.
            ``(3) To such commanding officer in the chain of command of 
        the person subject to the protective order as the President 
        shall prescribe for purposes of this section.
    ``(n) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Contact.--The term `contact' includes contact in 
        person or through a third party, or through gifts.
            ``(2) Communication.--The term `communication' includes 
        communication in person or through a third party, and by 
        telephone or in writing by letter, data fax, or other 
        electronic means.
            ``(3) Covered sex or domestic violence offense.--The term 
        `covered sex or domestic violence offense' means--
                    ``(A) an alleged sex-related offense (as defined in 
                section 1044e(h)); or
                    ``(B) an alleged offense of domestic violence under 
                section 928b of this title (article 128b of the Uniform 
                Code of Military Justice) or an attempt to commit such 
                an offense that is punishable under section 880 of this 
                title (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice).
            ``(4) Military judge and military magistrate.--The terms 
        `military judge' and `military magistrate' mean a commissioned 
        officer of the armed forces who is a member of the bar of a 
        Federal court or a member of the bar of the highest court of a 
        State and who is certified to be qualified, by reason of 
        education, training, experience, and judicial temperament, for 
        duty as a military judge or magistrate by the Judge Advocate 
        General of the armed force of which the officer is a member.
            ``(5) Protective order.--The term `protective order' means 
        an order that--
                    ``(A) restrains a person from harassing, stalking, 
                threatening, or otherwise contacting or communicating 
                with a victim of an alleged sex or domestic violence 
                offense, or a family member or associate of the victim, 
                or engaging in other conduct that would place such 
                other person in reasonable fear of bodily injury to any 
                such other person;
                    ``(B) by its terms, explicitly prohibits--
                            ``(i) the use, attempted use, or threatened 
                        use of physical force by the person against a 
                        victim of an alleged sex or domestic violence 
                        offense, or a family member or associate of the 
                        victim, that would reasonably be expected to 
                        cause bodily injury;
                            ``(ii) the initiation by the person 
                        restrained of any contact or communication with 
                        such other person; or
                            ``(iii) actions described by both clauses 
                        (i) and (ii).
            ``(6) Special victims' counsel.--The term `Special Victims 
        Counsel' means a Special Victims' Counsel described in section 
        1044e and includes a Victims' Legal Counsel of the Navy.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``1567b. Authority of military judges and military magistrates to issue 
                            military court protective orders.''.
    (c) Implementation.--The President shall prescribe regulations 
implementing section 1567b of title 10, United States Code, not later 
than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 543. ADDITIONAL BASES FOR PROVISION OF ADVICE BY THE DEFENSE 
              ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR THE PREVENTION OF SEXUAL 
              MISCONDUCT.

    Section 550B(c)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (E); 
        and
            (2) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following new 
        subparagraphs:
                    ``(C) Efforts among private employers to prevent 
                sexual assault and sexual harassment among their 
                employees.
                    ``(D) Evidence-based studies on the prevention of 
                sexual assault and sexual harassment in the Armed 
                Forces, institutions of higher education, and the 
                private sector.''.

SEC. 544. MODIFICATION OF REPORTING AND DATA COLLECTION ON VICTIMS OF 
              SEXUAL OFFENSES.

    Section 547 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``accused of'' and 
                        inserting ``suspected of''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``assault'' and inserting 
                        ``offense'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``accused of'' 
                and inserting ``suspected of''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) by striking ``assaults'' and inserting 
                        ``offenses''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``an accusation'' and 
                        inserting ``suspicion of'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c);
            (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(b) Guidance Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall issue 
guidance to ensure the uniformity of the data collected by each Armed 
Force for purposes of subsection (a). At a minimum, such guidance shall 
establish--
            ``(1) standardized methods for the collection of the data 
        required to be reported under such subsection; and
            ``(2) standardized definitions for the terms `sexual 
        offense', `collateral miconduct', and `adverse action'.''; and
            (4) by amending subsection (c), as so redesignated, to read 
        as follows:
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `covered individual' means an individual who 
        is identified in the case files of a military criminal 
        investigative organization as a victim of a sexual offense that 
        occurred while that individual was serving on active duty as a 
        member of the Armed Forces.
            ``(2) The term `suspected of', when used with respect to a 
        covered individual suspected of collateral misconduct or crimes 
        as described in subsection (a), means that an investigation by 
        a military criminal investigative organization reveals facts 
        and circumstances that would lead a reasonable person to 
        believe that the individual committed an offense under chapter 
        47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of 
        Military Justice).''.

SEC. 545. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL REPORT REGARDING SEXUAL ASSAULTS 
              INVOLVING MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Submission to Congress.--Section 1631(d) of the Ike Skelton 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 
111-383; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended by inserting ``and the 
Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives'' after ``House of Representatives''.
    (b) Applicability.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and shall apply to 
reports required to be submitted under section 1631 of the Ike Skelton 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 
111-383; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) on or after such date.

SEC. 546. COORDINATION OF SUPPORT FOR SURVIVORS OF SEXUAL TRAUMA.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretaries of Defense and Veterans Affairs 
shall jointly develop, implement, and maintain a standard of 
coordinated care for members of the Armed Forces who are survivors of 
sexual trauma. Such standard shall include the following:
    (b) Minimum Elements.--The standard developed and implemented under 
subsection (a) by the Secretaries of Defense and Veterans Affairs shall 
include the following:
            (1) Information for members of the armed forces.--The 
        Secretary of Defense shall ensure that--
                    (A) Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and 
                Uniformed Victim Advocates receive annual training on 
                resources of the Department of Veterans Affairs 
                regarding sexual trauma;
                    (B) information regarding services furnished by the 
                Secretary of Veterans Affairs to survivors of sexual 
                trauma is provided to each such survivor; and
                    (C) information described in subparagraph (B) is 
                posted in the following areas in each facility of the 
                Department of Defense:
                            (i) An office of the Family Advocacy 
                        Program.
                            (ii) An office of a mental health care 
                        provider.
                            (iii) Each area in which sexual assault 
                        prevention staff normally post notices or 
                        information.
                            (iv) High-traffic areas (including dining 
                        facilities).
            (2) Coordination between staff of the departments.--The 
        Secretaries shall ensure that a Sexual Assault Response 
        Coordinator or Uniformed Victim Advocate of the Department of 
        Defense who receives a report of an instance of sexual trauma 
        connects the survivor to the Military Sexual Trauma Coordinator 
        of the Department of Veterans Affairs at the facility of that 
        Department nearest to the residence of that survivor if that 
        survivor is a member separating or retiring from the Armed 
        Forces.
    (c) Reports.--
            (1) Report on residential treatment.--Not later than 180 
        days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretaries of Defense and Veterans Affairs shall provide a 
        report to the appropriate committees of Congress regarding the 
        availability of residential treatment programs for survivors of 
        sexual trauma, including--
                    (A) barriers to access for such programs; and
                    (B) resources required to reduce such barriers.
            (2) Initial report.--Upon implementation of the standard 
        under subsection (a), the Secretaries of Defense and Veterans 
        Affairs shall jointly submit to the appropriate committees of 
        Congress a report on the standard.
            (3) Progress reports.--Not later than 180 days after 
        submitting the initial report under paragraph (2), and on 
        December 1 of each subsequent year, the Secretaries of Defense 
        and Veterans Affairs shall jointly submit to the appropriate 
        committees of Congress a report on the progress of the 
        Secretaries in implementing and improving the standard.
            (4) Updates.--Whenever the Secretaries of Defense and 
        Veterans Affairs update the standard developed under subsection 
        (a), the Secretaries shall jointly submit to the appropriate 
        committees of Congress a report on such update, including a 
        comprehensive and detailed description of such update and the 
        reasons for such update.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``sexual trauma'' means psychological trauma 
        described in section 1720D(a)(1) of title 38, United States 
        Code.
            (2) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
                    (A) the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the 
                House of Representatives and the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committees on Armed Services of the House 
                of Representatives and the Senate.

SEC. 547. POLICY ON SEPARATION OF VICTIM AND ACCUSED AT MILITARY 
              SERVICE ACADEMIES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation 
with the Secretaries of the military departments and the Superintendent 
of each military service academy, prescribe in regulations a policy 
under which a cadet or midshipman of a military service academy who is 
the alleged victim of a sexual assault and a cadet or midshipman who is 
the alleged perpetrator of such assault shall, to the extent 
practicable, each be given the opportunity to complete their course of 
study at the academy without--
            (1) taking classes together; or
            (2) otherwise being in close proximity to each other during 
        mandatory activities.
    (b) Elements.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
policy developed under subsection (a)--
            (1) protects the alleged victim as necessary, including by 
        prohibiting retaliatory harassment;
            (2) allows both the victim and the accused to complete 
        their course of study at the institution with minimal 
        disruption;
            (3) protects the privacy of both the victim and the accused 
        by ensuring that information about the alleged sexual assault 
        and the individuals involved is not revealed to third parties 
        who are not specifically authorized to receive such information 
        in the course of performing their regular duties, except that 
        such policy shall not preclude the alleged victim or the 
        alleged perpetrator from making such disclosures to third 
        parties; and
            (4) minimizes the burden on the alleged victim when taking 
        steps to separate the alleged victim and alleged perpetrator.
    (c) Special Rule.--The policy developed under subsection (a) shall 
not preclude a military service academy from taking other 
administrative or disciplinary action when appropriate.
    (d) Military Service Academy Defined.--In this section, the term 
``military service academy'' means the following:
            (1) The United States Military Academy.
            (2) The United States Naval Academy.
            (3) The United States Air Force Academy.

SEC. 548. SAFE-TO-REPORT POLICY APPLICABLE ACROSS THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation 
with the Secretaries of the military departments, prescribe in 
regulations a safe-to-report policy described in subsection (b) that 
applies with respect to all members of the covered Armed Forces 
(including members of the reserve components of the covered Armed 
Forces) and cadets and midshipmen at the military service academies.
    (b) Safe-To-Report Policy.--The safe-to-report policy described in 
this subsection is a policy that prescribes the handling of minor 
collateral misconduct involving a member of the covered Armed Forces 
who is the alleged victim of sexual assault.
    (c) Aggravating Circumstances.--The regulations under subsection 
(a) shall specify aggravating circumstances that increase the gravity 
of minor collateral misconduct or its impact on good order and 
discipline for purposes of the safe-to-report policy.
    (d) Tracking of Collateral Misconduct Incidents.--In conjunction 
with the issuance of regulations under subsection (a), Secretary shall 
develop and implement a process to track incidents of minor collateral 
misconduct that are subject to the safe-to-report policy.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered Armed Forces'' has the meaning given 
        the term ``armed forces'' in section 101(a)(4) of title 10, 
        United States Code, except such term does not include the Coast 
        Guard.
            (2) The term ``military service academy'' means the 
        following:
                    (A) The United States Military Academy.
                    (B) The United States Naval Academy.
                    (C) The United States Air Force Academy.
            (3) The term ``minor collateral misconduct'' means any 
        minor misconduct that is potentially punishable under chapter 
        47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of 
        Military Justice), that--
                    (A) is committed close in time to or during the 
                sexual assault, and directly related to the incident 
                that formed the basis of the sexual assault allegation;
                    (B) is discovered as a direct result of the report 
                of sexual assault or the ensuing investigation into the 
                sexual assault; and
                    (C) does not involve aggravating circumstances (as 
                specified in the regulations prescribed under 
                subsection (c)) that increase the gravity of the minor 
                misconduct or its impact on good order and discipline.

SEC. 549. QUESTION IN WORKPLACE AND GENDER RELATIONS SURVEYS REGARDING 
              PROSECUTIONS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall include in the 
covered surveys a question regarding whether a member of an Armed Force 
under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military department would 
be more willing to report a sexual assault if prosecution decisions 
were made by lawyers and not commanders.
    (b) Covered Surveys Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
surveys'' means the workplace and gender relations surveys and focus 
groups administered by the Office of People Analytics of the Department 
of Defense, including--
            (1) the Workplace and Gender Relations Survey of Active 
        Duty Members;
            (2) the Workplace and Gender Relations Survey of Reserve 
        Component Members;
            (3) the Military Service Gender Relations Focus Group; and
            (4) any successor survey or focus group.

SEC. 550. PILOT PROGRAM ON PROSECUTION OF SPECIAL VICTIM OFFENSES 
              COMMITTED BY ATTENDEES OF MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMIES.

    (a) Pilot Program.--Beginning not later than January 1, 2021, the 
Secretary of Defense shall carry out a pilot program (referred to in 
this Act as the ``Pilot Program'') under which the Secretary shall 
establish, in accordance with this section, an independent authority 
to--
            (1) review each covered special victim offense; and
            (2) determine whether such offense shall be referred to 
        trial by an appropriate court-martial convening authority.
    (b) Office of the Chief Prosecutor.--
            (1) Establishment.--As part of the Pilot Program, the 
        Secretary shall establish, within the Office of the Secretary 
        of Defense, an Office of the Chief Prosecutor.
            (2) Head of office.--The head of the Office shall be known 
        as the Chief Prosecutor. The Secretary shall appoint as the 
        Chief Prosecutor a commissioned officer in the grade of O-7 or 
        above who--
                    (A) has significant experience prosecuting sexual 
                assault trials by court-martial; and
                    (B) is outside the chain of command of any cadet or 
                midshipman described in subsection (f)(2).
            (3) Responsibilities.--The Chief Prosecutor shall exercise 
        the authorities described in subsection (c) but only with 
        respect to covered special victim offenses.
            (4) Special rule.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, the military service from which the Chief Prosecutor is 
        appointed is authorized an additional billet for a general 
        officer or a flag officer for each year in the 2-year period 
        beginning with the year in which the appointment is made.
            (5) Termination.--The Office of the Chief Prosecutor shall 
        terminate on the date on which the Pilot Program terminates 
        under subsection (e).
    (c) Referral to Office of the Chief Prosecutor.--
            (1) Investigation phase.--
                    (A) Notice and information.--A military criminal 
                investigative organization that receives an allegation 
                of a covered special victim offense shall provide to 
                the Chief Prosecutor and the commander of the military 
                service academy concerned--
                            (i) timely notice of such allegation; and
                            (ii) any information and evidence obtained 
                        as the result a subsequent investigation into 
                        the allegation.
                    (B) Trial counsel.--A trial counsel assigned to a 
                case involving a covered special victim offense shall, 
                during the investigative phase of such case, provide 
                the Chief Prosecutor with the information necessary to 
                enable the Chief Prosecutor to make the determination 
                required under paragraph (3).
            (2) Referral to chief prosecutor.--In the case of a charge 
        relating to a covered special victim offense, in addition to 
        referring the charge to the staff judge advocate under 
        subsection (a) or (b) of section 834 of title 10, United States 
        Code (article 34 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), the 
        convening authority of the Armed Force of which the accused is 
        a member shall refer, as soon as reasonably practicable, the 
        charge to the Chief Prosecutor to make the determination 
        required by paragraph (3).
            (3) Prosecutorial determination.--The Chief Prosecutor 
        shall make a determination regarding whether a charge relating 
        to a covered special victim offense shall be referred to trial. 
        If the Chief Prosecutor makes a determination that the charge 
        shall be tried by court-martial, the Chief Prosecutor also 
        shall determine whether the charge shall be tried by a general 
        court-martial convened under section 822 of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 22 of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice) or a special court-martial convened under section 823 
        of such title (article 23 of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice). The determination of whether to try a charge relating 
        to a covered special victim offense by court-martial shall 
        include a determination of whether to try any known offenses, 
        including any lesser included offenses.
            (4) Effect of determination and appeals process.--
                    (A) Determination to proceed to trial.--Subject to 
                subparagraph (C), a determination to try a charge 
                relating to a covered special victim offense by court-
                martial under paragraph (3), and the determination as 
                to the type of court-martial, shall be binding on any 
                convening authority under chapter 47 of title 10, 
                United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice) for a trial by court-martial on the charge.
                    (B) Determination not to proceed to trial.--Subject 
                to subparagraph (C), a determination under paragraph 
                (3) not to proceed to trial on a charge relating to a 
                covered special victim offense by general or special 
                court-martial shall be binding on any convening 
                authority under chapter 47 of title 10, United States 
                Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice) except that 
                such determination shall not operate to terminate or 
                otherwise alter the authority of the convening 
                authority--
                            (i) to proceed to trial by court-martial on 
                        charges of collateral misconducted related to 
                        the special victim offense; or
                            (ii) to impose non-judicial punishment in 
                        connection with the conduct covered by the 
                        charge as authorized by section 815 of such 
                        title (article 15 of the Uniform Code of 
                        Military Justice).
                    (C) Appeal.--In a case in which a convening 
                authority and the staff judge advocate advising such 
                authority disagree with the determination of the Chief 
                Prosecutor under paragraph (3), the convening authority 
                and staff judge advocate may jointly appeal the 
                determination to the General Counsel of the Department 
                of Defense. The determination of the General Counsel 
                with respect to such appeal shall be binding on the 
                Chief Prosecutor and the convening authority concerned.
            (5) Trial by randomized jury.--After the Chief Prosecutor 
        makes a determination under paragraph (3) to proceed to trial 
        on a charge relating to a covered special victim offense, the 
        matter shall be tried by a court-martial convened within the 
        Armed Force of which the accused is a member in accordance with 
        the applicable provisions of chapter 47 of title 10, United 
        States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice) except that, 
        when convening a court-martial that is a general or special 
        court-martial involving a covered special victim offense in 
        which the accused elects a jury trial, the convening authority 
        shall detail members of the Armed Forces as members thereof at 
        random unless the obtainability of members of the Armed Forces 
        for such court-martial prevents the convening authority from 
        detailing such members at random.
            (6) Unlawful influence or coercion.--The actions of the 
        Chief Prosecutor under this subsection whether or not to try 
        charges by court-martial shall be free of unlawful or 
        unauthorized influence or coercion.
    (d) Effect on Other Law.--This section shall supersede any 
provision of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform 
Code of Military Justice), that is inconsistent with this section, but 
only to the extent of the inconsistency.
    (e) Termination and Transition.--
            (1) Termination.--The authority of the Secretary to carry 
        out the Pilot Program shall terminate 4 years after the date on 
        which the Pilot Program is initiated.
            (2) Transition.--The Secretary shall take such actions as 
        are necessary to ensure that, on the date on which the Pilot 
        Program terminates under paragraph (1), any matter referred to 
        the Chief Prosecutor under subsection (c)(2), but with respect 
        to which the Chief Prosecutor has not made a determination 
        under subsection (c)(3), shall be transferred to the 
        appropriate convening authority for consideration.
    (f) Definitions.--In this Act:
            (1) The term ``Armed Force'' means an Armed Force under the 
        jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military department.
            (2) The term ``covered special victim offense'' means a 
        special victim offense--
                    (A) alleged to have been committed on or after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act by a cadet of the 
                United States Military Academy or the United States Air 
                Force Academy, without regard to the location at which 
                the offense was committed; or
                    (B) alleged to have been committed on or after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act by a midshipman of 
                the United States Naval Academy, without regard to the 
                location at which the offense was committed.
            (3) The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of Defense.
            (4) The term ``special victim offense'' means any of the 
        following:
                    (A) An offense under section 917a, 920, 920b, 920c, 
                or 930 of title 10, United States Code (article 117a, 
                120, 120b, 120c, or 130 of the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice).
                    (B) A conspiracy to commit an offense specified in 
                subparagraph (A) as punishable under section 881 of 
                such title (article 81 of the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice).
                    (C) A solicitation to commit an offense specified 
                in subparagraph (A) as punishable under section 882 of 
                such title (article 82 of the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice).
                    (D) An attempt to commit an offense specified in 
                subparagraph (A) as punishable under section 880 of 
                such title (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice).

SEC. 550A. REPORT ON STATUS OF INVESTIGATIONS OF ALLEGED SEX-RELATED 
              OFFENSES.

    (a) Reports Required.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter through December 31, 
2025, the Secretary of each military department shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the status of 
investigations into alleged sex-related offenses.
    (b) Elements.--Each report under subsection (a) shall include, with 
respect to investigations into alleged sex-related offenses carried out 
by military criminal investigative organizations under the jurisdiction 
of the Secretary concerned during the preceding year, the following:
            (1) The total number of investigations.
            (2) For each investigation--
                    (A) the date the investigation was initiated; and
                    (B) an explanation of whether the investigation is 
                in-progress or complete as of the date of the report 
                and, if complete, the date on which the investigation 
                was completed.
            (3) The total number of investigations that are complete as 
        of the date of the report.
            (4) The total number of investigations that are in-progress 
        as of the date of the report.
            (5) For investigations lasting longer than 180 days, an 
        explanation of the primary reasons for the extended duration of 
        the investigation.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``alleged sex-related offense'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 1044(e)(h) of title 10, 
        United States Code.
            (2) The term ``complete'' when used with respect to an 
        investigation of an alleged sex-related offense, means the 
        active phase of the investigation is sufficiently complete to 
        enable the appropriate authority to reach a decision with 
        respect to the disposition of charges for the offense.

SEC. 550B. REPORT ON SEXUAL ABUSE AND HARASSMENT OF RECRUITS DURING 
              MEDICAL EXAMINATIONS PRIOR TO ENTRY INTO THE ARMED 
              FORCES.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report on the 
prevalence of sexual abuse and harassment of persons during the medical 
examination that precedes entry into the Armed Forces. Such report 
shall include the following:
            (1) The number of incidents of sexual abuse or harassment 
        that have been reported since 2000, if available.
            (2) A description of the process by which the Department of 
        Defense tracks the incidents of sexual abuse or harassment, if 
        applicable.
            (3) A plan to establish a process by which the Department 
        tracks the incidents of sexual abuse or harassment, including 
        of the medical professionals involved, if such a process does 
        not exist.
            (4) A plan to provide awareness training regarding sexual 
        abuse and harassment provided to medical professionals who 
        perform such examinations, if such training does not exist.
            (5) A plan to provide recruits with information on their 
        rights and responsibilities in the event they face sexual abuse 
        and harassment that is incident to service but prior to 
        starting service in the Armed Forces, if such information does 
        not exist.
            (6) A description of the legal redress available to persons 
        who experience such sexual abuse and harassment, including 
        through the Uniform Code of Military Justice, for those who 
        enter the Armed Forces.

SEC. 550C. CONFIDENTIAL REPORTING OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT.

    (a) Establishment.--Chapter 80 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 1561a the following new section:
``Sec. 1561b. Confidential reporting of sexual harassment
    ``(a) Establishment.--Notwithstanding section 1561 of this title, 
the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations establishing a 
process by which a member of an armed force under the jurisdiction of 
the Secretary of a military department may confidentially allege a 
complaint of sexual harassment to an individual outside the immediate 
chain of command of that member.
    ``(b) Investigation.--An individual designated to receive 
complaints under subsection (a)--
            ``(1) shall maintain the confidentiality of the member 
        alleging the complaint;
            ``(2) shall provide to the member alleging the complaint 
        the option--
                    ``(A) to file a formal or informal report of sexual 
                harassment; and
                    ``(B) to include reports related to such complaint 
                in the Catch a Serial Offender Program; and
            ``(3) shall provide to the commander of the complainant a 
        report--
                    ``(A) regarding the complaint; and
                    ``(B) that does not contain any personally 
                identifiable information regarding the complainant.
    ``(c) Education; Tracking; Reporting.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall--
            ``(1) educate members under the jurisdiction of the 
        Secretary of a military department regarding the process 
        established under this section;
            ``(2) track complaints alleged pursuant to the process 
        established under this section; and
            ``(3) submit annually to the Committees on Armed Services 
        of the Senate and House of Representatives a report containing 
        data (that does not contain any personally identifiable 
        information) relating to such complaints.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
1561b the following new item:

``1561b. Confidential reporting of sexual harassment.''.
    (c) Implementation.--The Secretary shall carry out section 1561b of 
title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), not later 
than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act.

         Subtitle F--Member Education, Training, and Transition

SEC. 551. COUNSELING IN THE TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM REGARDING 
              SEXUAL ASSAULT, SEXUAL OR GENDER HARASSMENT, AND INTIMATE 
              PARTNER VIOLENCE.

    Section 1142(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(20) Information concerning health care (including mental 
        health care) furnished by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to 
        veterans and members of the Armed Forces who have survived 
        sexual assault, sexual or gender harassment, or intimate 
        partner violence.''.

SEC. 552. MEDICAL OR ADMINISTRATIVE DISCHARGE AS A PATHWAY FOR 
              COUNSELING IN THE TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 1142(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``Disability'' and 
        inserting ``Potential or confirmed medical discharge of the 
        member''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``Character'' and all 
        that follows and inserting ``Potential or confirmed involuntary 
        separation of the member.''.

SEC. 553. FAMILY DYNAMICS AS PATHWAYS FOR COUNSELING IN THE TRANSITION 
              ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 1142(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code, as amended by 
section (a), is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraph (M) as subparagraph (R); 
        and
            (2) by inserting after subparagraph (L) the following:
            ``(M) Child care requirements of the member (including 
        whether a dependent of the member is enrolled in the 
        Exceptional Family Member Program).
            ``(N) The employment status of other adults in the 
        household of the member.
            ``(O) The location of the duty station of the member 
        (including whether the member was separated from family while 
        on duty).
            ``(P) The effects of operating tempo and personnel tempo on 
        the member and the household of the member.
            ``(Q) Whether the member is an Indian or urban Indian, as 
        those terms are defined in section 4 of the Indian Health Care 
        Improvement Act (Public Law 94-437; 25 U.S.C. 1603).''.

SEC. 554. ESTABLISHMENT OF MENTORING AND CAREER COUNSELING PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 107 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2158. Mentoring and career counseling program
    ``(a) Establishment; Objectives.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
coordination with the Secretaries of the military departments and the 
Chief Diversity Officer, shall implement a program for mentoring and 
career counseling that--
            ``(1) ensures that all military occupational specialties 
        and career fields reflect the demographics of the armed forces; 
        and
            ``(2) ensures that members in all ranks and grades reflect 
        the demographics of the armed forces.
    ``(b) Program Description and Components.--The program under 
subsection (a) shall--
            ``(1) include mentoring and career counseling efforts that 
        start prior to the initial career field decision point and 
        continue throughout the career of each participating member 
        cadet or midshipman;
            ``(2) provide guidance on accession into the military 
        occupational specialties and career fields that experience the 
        highest rates and greatest number of promotions to a grade 
        above O-6; and
            ``(3) promote information regarding career choices, 
        including opportunities in the reserve components, to optimize 
        the ability of a participating member cadet, or midshipman to 
        make informed career choices from accession to retirement.
    ``(c) Evaluation Metrics.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
and maintain metrics to evaluate the effectiveness of the program under 
this section.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 107 of such title is amended by at the end the following new 
item:

``2158. Mentoring and career counseling program.''.
    (c) Interim Report.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than 120 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall submit to the congressional defense committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
        report on the implementation of section 2158 of title 10, 
        United States Code, as added by subsection (a).
            (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include 
        the following:
                    (A) A description and assessment of the manner in 
                which the Department of Defense shall implement the 
                program under subsection (a) of such section 2158.
                    (B) The initial evaluation metrics developed under 
                subsection (c) of such section 2158.
                    (C) An explanation of whether the program will be 
                carried out as part of another program of the 
                Department or through the establishment of a separate 
                program.
                    (D) A comprehensive description of the additional 
                personnel, resources, and training that will be 
                required to implement the program, including 
                identification of the specific number of additional 
                billets that will be needed to staff the program.
                    (E) Recommendations of the Secretary for additional 
                legislation that the Secretary determines e necessary 
                to effectively and efficiently implement the program.
    (d) Annual Report.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than October 1, 2021, and 
        annually thereafter for 3 years, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
        report on the program under section 2158 of title 10, United 
        States Code, as added by subsection (a).
            (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include, disaggregated by Armed Force, the following:
                    (A) The latest evaluation metrics developed under 
                subsection (c) of such section 2158.
                    (B) The number of individuals, disaggregated by 
                grade, ethnicity, race, and gender, who were eligible 
                for participation in the program.
                    (C) The number of individuals, disaggregated by 
                grade, ethnicity, race, and gender, who opted out of 
                participation in the program.
                    (D) An assessment of the effectiveness of the 
                program in advancing the careers of minority 
                commissioned officers.
    (e) Publication.--The Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) publish on an appropriate publicly available website of 
        the Department of Defense the reports required under 
        subsections (c) and (d); and
            (2) ensure that any data included with each such report is 
        made available in a machine-readable format that is 
        downloadable, searchable, and sortable.
    (f) Implementation Date.--The Secretary of Defense shall implement 
the program under section 2158 of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by subsection (a), not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``minority person'' means any individual who 
        is a citizen of the United States and who is--
                    (A) Asian American;
                    (B) Native Hawaiian;
                    (C) a Pacific Islander;
                    (D) African American;
                    (E) Hispanic;
                    (F) Puerto Rican;
                    (G) Native American;
                    (H) an Alaska Native; or
                    (I) female.
            (2) The term ``minority commissioned officer'' means any 
        commissioned officer who is a minority person.
            (3) The term ``machine-readable'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 3502(18) of title 44, United States Code.

SEC. 555. DEFENSE LANGUAGE INSTITUTE FOREIGN LANGUAGE CENTER.

    (a) Authority To Award Bachelor's Degrees.--Section 2168 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``Associate'' and 
        inserting ``Associate or Bachelor''; and
            (2) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
    ``(a) Subject to subsection (b), the Commandant of the Defense 
Language Institute may confer--
            ``(1) an Associate of Arts degree in a foreign language 
        upon any graduate of the Foreign Language Center of the 
        Institute who fulfills the requirements for that degree; or
            ``(2) a Bachelor of Arts degree in a foreign language upon 
        any graduate of the Foreign Language Center of the Institute 
        who fulfills the requirements for that degree.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 108 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 2168 and inserting the following new item:

``2168. Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center: degree of 
                            Associate or Bachelor of Arts in foreign 
                            language.''.

SEC. 556. DEFENSE LANGUAGE INSTITUTE FOREIGN LANGUAGE CENTER.

    (a) Authority To Award Bachelor's Degrees.--Section 2168 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``Associate'' and 
        inserting ``Associate or Bachelor''; and
            (2) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
    ``(a) Subject to subsection (b), the Commandant of the Defense 
Language Institute may confer--
            ``(1) an Associate of Arts degree in a foreign language 
        upon any graduate of the Foreign Language Center of the 
        Institute who fulfills the requirements for that degree; or
            ``(2) a Bachelor of Arts degree in a foreign language upon 
        any graduate of the Foreign Language Center of the Institute 
        who fulfills the requirements for that degree.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 108 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 2168 and inserting the following new item:

``2168. Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center: degree of 
                            Associate or Bachelor of Arts in foreign 
                            language.''.

SEC. 557. INCREASE IN NUMBER OF PERMANENT PROFESSORS AT THE UNITED 
              STATES AIR FORCE ACADEMY.

    Section 9431(b)(4) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``23'' and inserting ``25''.

SEC. 558. INFORMATION ON NOMINATIONS AND APPLICATIONS FOR MILITARY 
              SERVICE ACADEMIES.

    (a) Congressional Nominations Portal.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with 
        the Superintendents of the military service academies, shall 
        ensure that there is a uniform online portal for all military 
        service academies that enables Members of Congress to nominate 
        individuals for appointment to each academy through a secure 
        website.
            (2) Information collection and reporting.--The online 
        portal established under paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) collect, from each Member of Congress, the 
                demographic information described in subsection (b) for 
                each individual nominated by the Member; and
                    (B) collect the information required to be included 
                in each annual report of the Secretary under subsection 
                (c) in a manner that enables the Secretary to 
                automatically compile such information when preparing 
                the report.
            (3) Availability of information.--The portal shall allow 
        Members of Congress and their designees to view past nomination 
        records for all application cycles.
    (b) Standard Classifications for Collection of Demographic Data.--
            (1) Standards required.--The Secretary, in consultation 
        with the Superintendents of the military service academies, 
        shall establish standard classifications that cadets, 
        midshipmen, and applicants to the academies may use to self-
        identify gender, race, and ethnicity and to provide other 
        demographic information in connection with admission to or 
        enrollment in an academy.
            (2) Consistency with omb guidance.--The standard 
        classifications established under paragraph (1) shall be 
        consistent with the standard classifications specified in 
        Office of Management and Budget Directive No. 15 (pertaining to 
        race and ethnic standards for Federal statistics and 
        administrative reporting) or any successor directive.
            (3) Incorporation into applications and records.--Not later 
        than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary shall incorporate the standard classifications 
        established under paragraph (1) into--
                    (A) applications for admission to the military 
                service academies; and
                    (B) the military personnel records of cadets and 
                midshipmen enrolled in such academies.
    (c) Annual Report on the Demographics Military Service Academy 
Applicants.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than September 30 of each 
        year beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
        a report on the demographics of applicants to military service 
        academies for the most recently concluded application year.
            (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include, with respect to each military service academy, the 
        following:
                    (A) The number of individuals who submitted an 
                application for admission to the academy in the 
                application year covered by the report.
                    (B) Of the individuals who submitted an application 
                for admission to the academy in such year--
                            (i) the overall demographics of applicant 
                        pool, disaggregated by the classifications 
                        established under subsection (b) and by Member 
                        of Congress;
                            (ii) the number and percentage who received 
                        a nomination, disaggregated by the 
                        classifications established under subsection 
                        (b) and by Member of Congress;
                            (iii) the number and percentage who 
                        received an offer for appointment to the 
                        academy, disaggregated by the classifications 
                        established under subsection (b) and by Member 
                        of Congress; and
                            (iv) the number and percentage who accepted 
                        an appointment to the academy, disaggregated by 
                        the classifications established under 
                        subsection (b) and by Member of Congress.
            (3) Consultation.--In preparing each report under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall consult with the Superintendents of 
        the military service academies.
            (4) Availability of reports and data.--The Secretary 
        shall--
                    (A) make the results of each report under paragraph 
                (1) available on a publicly accessible website of the 
                Department of Defense; and
                    (B) ensure that any data included with the report 
                is made available in a machine-readable format that is 
                downloadable, searchable, and sortable.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``application year'' means the period 
        beginning on January 1 of one year and ending on June 1 of the 
        following year.
            (2) The term ``congressional defense committees'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, 
        United States Code.
            (3) The term ``machine-readable'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 3502(18) of title 44, United States Code.
            (4) The term ``military service academy'' means--
                    (A) the United States Military Academy;
                    (B) the United States Naval Academy; and
                    (C) the United States Air Force Academy.
            (5) The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of Defense.

SEC. 559. TRANSFORMATION OF THE PROFESSIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION 
              ENTERPRISE.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) professional military education is foundational to the 
        development of ethical and effective military leaders and vital 
        to national security;
            (2) oversight of professional military education is an 
        essential part of Congress' constitutional responsibilities to 
        regulate and maintain the Armed Forces of the United States;
            (3) reform of the professional military education system, 
        as directed by the congressional defense committees, has played 
        a central role in the institutionalization of jointness as 
        envisioned by the Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense 
        Reorganization Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-433);
            (4) the Goldwater-Nichols professional military education 
        model has served the Nation well since the end of the Cold War 
        by enabling successful joint military operations across the 
        spectrum of conflict;
            (5) recent changes in the national security environment 
        require that the professional military education enterprise 
        adapt to prepare the joint force to successfully defend 
        American interests in evolving areas of strategic competition; 
        and
            (6) the Department of Defense must transform the 
        professional military education enterprise to meet these 
        challenges by emphasizing focused and rigorous intellectual 
        study reflecting the hard won strategic insights of history, 
        while leveraging advancements in the modern learning 
        environment.
    (b) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2021 for the 
Department of Defense may be obligated or expended consolidate, close, 
or significantly change the curriculum of the National Defense 
University or any institution of professional military education of an 
Armed Force until a period of 120 days has elapsed following the date 
on which the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness 
submits the report required under subsection (c).
    (c) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting 
        through the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
        Readiness, shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
        the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
        status of the professional military education enterprise.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) A consolidated summary that--
                            (i) lists all components of the 
                        professional military education enterprise of 
                        the Department of Defense, including all 
                        associated schools, programs, research centers, 
                        and support activities; and
                            (ii) for each such component, identifies 
                        the assigned personnel strength, annual student 
                        throughput, and budget details covering the 
                        period of 3 fiscal years preceding the date of 
                        the report.
                    (B) An assessment of the effectiveness and 
                shortfalls of the existing professional military 
                education enterprise as measured against graduate 
                utilization, post-graduate evaluations, and the 
                education and force development requirements of the 
                Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Chiefs of 
                the Armed Forces.
                    (C) Recommendations to improve the intellectual 
                readiness of the joint force through reforms designed 
                to--
                            (i) improve the warfighting readiness, 
                        intellectual fitness and cognitive ingenuity of 
                        military leaders;
                            (ii) promote development of strategic 
                        thinkers capable of developing integrated 
                        political-military and cross-domain strategies 
                        and new doctrinal concepts;
                            (iii) enhance the effectiveness, coherence, 
                        and efficiency of individual service approaches 
                        to professional military education;
                            (iv) improve the depth and rigor of 
                        professional military education curriculum in 
                        alignment with national defense strategy pacing 
                        threats while enhancing strategic relationships 
                        and operational integration with key allies and 
                        international security partners; and
                            (v) foster the deliberate development of 
                        world-class faculty through increasing the 
                        value of faculty assignments and other 
                        appropriate measures.

SEC. 560. COLLEGE OF INTERNATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS OF THE NATIONAL 
              DEFENSE UNIVERSITY.

    (a) Prohibition.--The Secretary of Defense may not eliminate, 
divest, downsize, or reorganize the College of International Security 
Affairs, nor its satellite program, the Joint Special Operations 
Masters of Arts, of the National Defense University, or seek to reduce 
the number of students educated at the College, or its satellite 
program, until 30 days after the date on which the congressional 
defense committees receive the report required by subsection (c).
    (b) Assessment, Determination, and Review.--The Under Secretary of 
Defense for Policy, in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense 
for Personnel and Readiness, the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
Special Operations/Low-Intensity Conflict , the Deputy Assistant 
Secretary of Defense for Counternarcotics and Global Threats, the 
Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Stability and Humanitarian 
Affairs, the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special 
Operations and Combating Terrorism, the Chief Financial Officer of the 
Department, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the 
Commander of United States Special Operations Command, shall--
            (1) assess requirements for joint professional military 
        education and civilian leader education in the 
        counterterrorism, irregular warfare, and asymmetrical domains 
        to support the Department and other national security 
        institutions of the Federal Government;
            (2) determine whether the importance, challenges, and 
        complexity of the modern counterterrorism environment and 
        irregular and asymmetrical domains warrant--
                    (A) a college at the National Defense University, 
                or a college independent of the National Defense 
                University whose leadership is responsible to the 
                Office of the Secretary of Defense; and
                    (B) the provision of resources, services, and 
                capacity at levels that are the same as, or decreased 
                or enhanced in comparison to, those resources, 
                services, and capacity in place at the College of 
                International Security Affairs on January 1, 2019;
            (3) review the plan proposed by the National Defense 
        University for eliminating the College of International 
        Security Affairs and reducing and restructuring the 
        counterterrorism, irregular, and asymmetrical faculty, course 
        offerings, joint professional military education and degree and 
        certificate programs, and other services provided by the 
        College; and
            (4) assess the changes made to the College of International 
        Security Affairs since January 1, 2019, and the actions 
        necessary to reverse those changes, including relocating the 
        College and its associated budget, faculty, staff, students, 
        and facilities outside of the National Defense University.
    (c) Report Required.--Not later than February 1, 2021, the 
Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on--
            (1) the findings of the Secretary with respect to the 
        assessments, determination, and review conducted under 
        subsection (b); and
            (2) such recommendations as the Secretary may have for 
        higher education in the counterterrorism, irregular, and 
        asymmetrical domains.

SEC. 560A. PUBLIC-PRIVATE CONSORTIUM TO IMPROVE PROFESSIONAL MILITARY 
              EDUCATION.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and in consultation with the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, shall establish 
and maintain a public-private consortium (referred to in this section 
as the ``Consortium'') to improve and broaden professional military 
education for military officers and civilian employees of the Federal 
Government.
    (b) Directors.--
            (1) In general.--The President of the National Defense 
        University and the head of a civilian institution of higher 
        education appointed in accordance with paragraph (3) shall 
        serve as co-directors of the Consortium.
            (2) Responsibilities of co-directors.--The co-directors 
        shall be responsible for--
                    (A) the administration and management of the 
                Consortium; and
                    (B) developing a common curriculum for professional 
                military education using input received from members of 
                the Consortium.
            (3) Appointment of co-director from civilian institution.--
        Not later than June 1, 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        appoint an individual who is the President or Chancellor of a 
        civilian institution of higher education to serve as co-
        director of the Consortium as described in paragraph (1).
            (4) Term of co-director.--The co-director appointed under 
        paragraph (3) shall serve an initial term of 5 years. The 
        Secretary of Defense may reappoint such co-director for one or 
        more additional terms of not more than 5 years, as the 
        Secretary determines appropriate.
            (5) Authority.--In the event that a conflict arises between 
        co-directors of the Consortium, the conflict shall be resolved 
        by the Director for Joint Force Development of the Joint Chiefs 
        of Staff (J-7).
    (c) Activities of Consortium.--The Consortium shall carry out the 
following activities:
            (1) Bring the military education system (including military 
        service academies, institutions that provide professional 
        military education, and other institutions the provide military 
        education) together with a broad group of civilian institutions 
        of higher education, policy research institutes, and the 
        commercial sector to develop and continually update a research-
        based curriculum to prepare early career, mid-career, and 
        senior military officers and civilian employees of the Federal 
        Government to succeed in an era that will be predominantly 
        defined by great power competition and in which security 
        challenges will transcend the traditional areas of defense 
        expertise, becoming more complex and inter-related than before, 
        with disruptions that will manifest rapidly and with little 
        warning.
            (2) Train military officers and civilian educators serving 
        in the joint professional military education system to 
        implement the curriculum developed under paragraph (2) at the 
        institutions they serve.
            (3) On a regular basis, make recommendations to the 
        Secretary about how the joint professional military education 
        system should be modified to meet the challenges of apparent or 
        possible future defense, national security, and international 
        environments.
    (d) Members.--The Consortium shall be composed of representatives 
selected by the Secretary of Defense from the following organizations:
            (1) Organizations within the joint professional military 
        education system.
            (2) Military service academies.
            (3) Other institutions of the Federal Government that 
        provide military education.
            (4) Civilian institutions of higher education.
            (5) Private sector and government policy research 
        institutes.
            (6) Organizations in the commercial sector, including 
        organizations from the industrial, finance, and technology 
        sectors.
    (e) Annual Report.--Not later than September 30, 2022, and annually 
thereafter, the co-directors of the Consortium shall submit to the 
Secretary of Defense and the congressional defense committees a report 
that describes the activities carried out by the Consortium during the 
preceding year.
    (f) Civilian Institution Defined.--In this section, the term 
``civilian institution of higher education'' means an institution of 
higher education (as defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act 
of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)) that is not owned or controlled by the 
Federal Government.

SEC. 560B. PARTICIPATION OF MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE COMPONENTS OF THE 
              ARMED FORCES IN THE SKILLBRIDGE PROGRAM.

    Section 1143(e)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:
    ``(2) A member of the armed forces is eligible for a program under 
this subsection if--
            ``(A) the member--
                    ``(i) has completed at least 180 days on active 
                duty in the armed forces; and
                    ``(ii) is expected to be discharged or released 
                from active duty in the armed forces within 180 days of 
                the date of commencement of participation in such a 
                program; or
            ``(B) the member is a member of a reserve component.''.

SEC. 560C. STUDY REGARDING VA PARTICIPATION IN TAP.

    Not later than December 31, 2022, the Secretaries of Defense and 
Veterans Affairs shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
and the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a report on the results of a study on the feasibility 
of having representatives of the Department of Veterans Affairs present 
during counseling sessions under section 1142 of title 10, United 
States Code, to set up premium eBenefits accounts of the Department of 
Veterans Affairs for members of the Armed Forces participating in the 
Transition Assistance Program.

SEC. 560D. GAO STUDY REGARDING TRANSFERABILITY OF MILITARY 
              CERTIFICATIONS TO CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONAL LICENSES AND 
              CERTIFICATIONS.

    (a) Study; Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to Congress a report containing the results of a study 
regarding the transferability of military certifications to civilian 
occupational licenses and certifications.
    (b) Elements.--The report under this section shall include the 
following:
            (1) Obstacles to transference of military certifications.
            (2) Any effects of the transferability of military 
        certifications on recruitment and retention.
            (3) Examples of certifications obtained from the Federal 
        Government that transfer to non-Federal employment.

SEC. 560E. TRANSITION OUTREACH.

    The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretaries of 
Veterans Affairs and Labor, shall encourage contact between members of 
the Armed Forces participating in the Transition Assistance Program 
under sections 1142 and 1144 of title 10, United States Code, and local 
communities, to promote employment opportunities for such members. Such 
contact shall include, to the extent practicable, public-private 
partnerships.

SEC. 560F. CONTINUED PARTICIPATION OF SEPARATED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES IN SKILLBRIDGE PROGRAMS.

    Section 1143(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraph (3):
            ``(3) In the case of an eligible member who enrolls in a 
        program under this subsection and who is discharged or released 
        from active duty in the armed forces before the completion of 
        the program, such member may continue to participate in the 
        program until the completion of the program. The continued 
        participation of such a member in such a program shall have no 
        effect on the discharge or separation date of the member or the 
        eligibility of the member for any pay or benefits.''.

SEC. 560G. EXPANSION OF SKILLBRIDGE PROGRAM TO INCLUDE THE COAST GUARD.

    Section 1143(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``of a military 
        department'' and inserting ``concerned'';
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``of the military 
        department''; and
            (3) in paragraph (4), by striking ``of Defense'' and 
        inserting ``concerned''.

SEC. 560H. ESTABLISHMENT OF PERFORMANCE MEASURES FOR THE CREDENTIALING 
              OPPORTUNITIES ON-LINE PROGRAMS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish 
additional performance measures to evaluate the effectiveness of the 
COOL programs of each Armed Force in connecting members of the Armed 
Forces with professional credential programs. Such measures shall 
include the following:
            (1) The percentage of members of the Armed Force concerned 
        described in section 1142(a) of title 10, United States Code, 
        who participate in a professional credential program through 
        the COOL program of the Armed Force concerned.
            (2) The percentage of members of the Armed Force concerned 
        described in paragraph (1) who have completed a professional 
        credential program described in that paragraph.
            (3) The percentage of members of the Armed Force concerned 
        described in paragraphs (1) and (2) who are employed not later 
        than one year after separation or release from the Armed 
        Forces.
    (b) Coordination.--To carry out this section, the Secretary of 
Defense may coordinate with the Secretaries of Veterans Affairs and 
Labor.

SEC. 560I. AUTHORITY OF MILITARY EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS TO ACCEPT 
              RESEARCH GRANTS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the Secretaries of the military departments, shall issue regulations 
under which faculty of military educational institutions shall be 
authorized to accept research grants from individuals and entities 
outside the Department of Defense.
    (b) Military Educational Institution Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``military educational institution'' means a postsecondary 
educational institution established within the Department of Defense.

SEC. 560J. REPORT ON OFFICER TRAINING IN IRREGULAR WARFARE.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report on the training in 
irregular warfare, if any, provided to officers of the Armed Forces as 
part of the regular course of instruction for such officers.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include--
            (1) the level of instruction in irregular warfare typically 
        provided to officers;
            (2) the number of hours of instruction at each level; and
            (3) a description of the subject areas covered by the 
        instruction.
    (c) Exclusion of Specialized Training.--The report under subsection 
(a) shall not include information on specialized or branch-specific 
training in irregular warfare provided to certain officers as part of a 
specialized course of instruction.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
                Representatives.
            (2) The term ``irregular warfare'' has the meaning given 
        that term in the Joint Operating Concept of the Department of 
        Defense titled ``Irregular Warfare: Countering Irregular 
        Threats'', version 2.0, dated May 17, 2010.

SEC. 560K. REPORT REGARDING COUNTY, TRIBAL, AND LOCAL VETERANS SERVICE 
              OFFICERS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services and on Veterans' Affairs of the House of Representatives 
and Senate a report regarding the effects of the presence of CVSOs at 
demobilization centers on members of the Armed Forces making the 
transition to civilian life.
    (b) Metrics.--In determining the effects described in subsection 
(a), the Secretary of Defense shall use metrics including the 
following:
            (1) Feedback from members described in subsection (a) and 
        from veterans regarding interactions with CVSOs.
            (2) Greater use of benefits (including health care, 
        employment services, education, and home loans) available to 
        veterans under laws administered by the Secretary of--
                    (A) Veterans Affairs;
                    (B) Labor;
                    (C) Health and Human Services;
                    (D) Housing and Urban Development; or
                    (E) Education.
            (3) Greater use of benefits available to veterans not 
        described in paragraph (2).
            (4) Frequencies of post-demobilization follow-up meetings 
        initiated by--
                    (A) a CVSO; or
                    (B) a veteran.
            (5) Awareness and understanding of local support services 
        (including CVSOs) available to veterans.
    (c) Elements.--The report under this section shall include the 
following:
            (1) The number of demobilization centers that host CVSOs.
            (2) The locations of demobilization centers described in 
        paragraph (1).
            (3) Barriers to expanding the presence of CVSOs at 
        demobilization centers nationwide.
            (4) Recommendations of the Secretary of Defense regarding 
        the presence of CVSOs at demobilization centers.
    (d) CVSO Defined.--In this section, the term ``CVSO'' includes--
            (1) a county veterans service officer;
            (2) a Tribal veterans service officer;
            (3) a Tribal veterans representative; or
            (4) another State, Tribal, or local entity that the 
        Secretary of Defense determines appropriate.

SEC. 560L. LIMITED EXCEPTION FOR ATTENDANCE OF ENLISTED PERSONNEL AT 
              SENIOR LEVEL AND INTERMEDIATE LEVEL OFFICER PROFESSIONAL 
              MILITARY EDUCATION COURSES.

    Section 559 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1775) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``None of the funds'' 
        and inserting ``Except as provided in subsection (b), none of 
        the funds'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections 
        (c) and (d), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(b) Exception.--Funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise 
made available for the Department of Defense may be obligated or 
expended for the purpose of the attendance of enlisted personnel at 
senior level and intermediate level officer professional military 
education courses if--
            ``(1) the enlisted personnel attending such courses have 
        completed professional military education at the appropriate 
        grade prior to attendance;
            ``(2) the Secretary concerned (as defined in section 
        101(a)(9) of title 10, United States Code) establishes a 
        screening and selection process to choose enlisted personnel to 
        attend such courses;
            ``(3) with respect to attendees of resident programs--
                    ``(A) the Secretary concerned establishes a 
                utilization policy for enlisted graduates of such 
                programs; and
                    ``(B) attendees of such programs agree to a 3-year 
                service obligation after completion of such programs;
            ``(4) the Secretary concerned authorizes enlisted personnel 
        to attend only after the Secretary determines all requirements 
        for attendance of officers at such courses have been met; and
            ``(5) an officer is not denied attendance at such courses 
        for the primary purpose of allowing enlisted personnel to 
        attend.''.

SEC. 560M. LIMITATION ON ELIGIBILITY OF FOR-PROFIT INSTITUTIONS TO 
              PARTICIPATE IN EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS OF THE 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--Section 2006a of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(5) in the case of program offered by a proprietary 
        institution of higher education, the institution derives not 
        less than ten percent of such institution's revenues from 
        sources other than Federal educational assistance funds as 
        required under subsection (c).''.
            (2) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d);
            (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(c) Limitation on Participation of Proprietary Institutions.--The 
Secretary of Defense may not approve an educational program offered by 
a proprietary institution of higher education, and no educational 
assistance under a Department of Defense educational assistance program 
or authority covered by this section may be provided to such an 
institution, unless the institution derives not less than ten percent 
of such institution's revenues from sources other than Federal 
educational assistance funds.'';
            (4) in subsection (d), as so redesignated, by adding at the 
        end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(3) The term `Federal educational assistance funds' means 
        any Federal funds provided under this title, the Higher 
        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.), or any other 
        Federal law, through a grant, contract, subsidy, loan, 
        guarantee, insurance, or other means to a proprietary 
        institution of higher education, including Federal financial 
        assistance that is disbursed or delivered to an institution or 
        on behalf of a student or to a student to be used to attend the 
        institution, except that such term shall not include any 
        monthly housing stipend provided under the Post-9/11 
        Educational Assistance Program under chapter 33 of title 38.
            ``(4) The term `proprietary institution of higher 
        education' has the meaning given that term in section 102(b) of 
        the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1002(b)).''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

    Subtitle G--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

SEC. 561. FAMILY READINESS: DEFINITIONS; COMMUNICATION STRATEGY; 
              REPORT.

    (a) Definitions.--Not later than 6 months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with 
the Secretaries of the military departments, shall define the terms 
``military family readiness'' and ``military family resiliency''.
    (b) Communication Strategy.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall establish and 
implement a strategy regarding communication with military families. 
The strategy shall include the following:
            (1) The use of a variety of modes of communication to 
        ensure the broadest means of communicating with military 
        families.
            (2) Updating an existing annual standardized survey that 
        assesses military family readiness to address the following 
        issues:
                    (A) Communication with beneficiaries.
                    (B) Child care.
                    (C) Education,
                    (D) Spousal employment.
                    (E) The Exceptional Family Member Program.
                    (F) Financial literacy.
                    (G) Financial stress.
                    (H) Health care (including copayments, network 
                adequacy, and the availability of appointments with 
                health care providers).
    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of the Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report regarding the feasibility of implementing the 
recommendations in--
            (1) chapter 3 of the report of the Inspector General of the 
        Department of Defense for fiscal year 2020, ``Ensuring Wellness 
        and Wellbeing of Service-Members and their Families''; and
            (2) the report, dated July 2019, of the National Academies 
        of Science, Engineering and Medicine, titled ``Strengthening 
        the Military Family Readiness System for a Changing American 
        Society''.

SEC. 562. SUPPORT SERVICES FOR MEMBERS OF SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES AND 
              IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS.

    (a) In General.--Section 1788a of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking the heading and inserting ``Support 
        programs: special operations forces personnel; immediate family 
        members'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``Consistent'';
                    (B) by striking ``for the immediate family members 
                of members of the armed forces assigned to special 
                operations forces''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(2) The Commander may enter into an agreement with a nonprofit 
entity to provide family support services.''.
            (3) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``the immediate 
        family members of members of the armed forces assigned to 
        special operations forces'' and inserting ``covered 
        individuals'';
            (4) in subsection (d)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``family 
                members of members of the armed forces assigned to 
                special operations forces'' and inserting ``covered 
                individuals''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``family 
                members of members of the armed forces assigned to 
                special operations forces'' and inserting ``covered 
                individuals''; and
            (5) in subsection (e)(4)--
                    (A) by inserting ``psychological support, spiritual 
                support, and'' before ``costs'';
                    (B) by striking ``immediate family members of 
                members of the armed forces assigned to special 
                operations forces'' and inserting ``covered 
                personnel''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) The term `covered personnel' means--
                    ``(A) members of the Armed Forces (including the 
                reserve components) assigned to special operations 
                forces;
                    ``(B) support service personnel assigned to special 
                operations;
                    ``(C) individuals separated or retired from service 
                described in subparagraph (A) or (B) for not more than 
                three years; and
                    ``(D) immediate family members of individuals 
                described in subparagraphs (A) through (C).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 88 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 1788a and inserting the following:

``1788a. Support programs: special operations forces personnel; 
                            immediate family members.''.

SEC. 563. AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO CERTAIN IN-HOME 
              CHILD CARE PROVIDERS FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND 
              SURVIVORS OF MEMBERS WHO DIE IN COMBAT IN THE LINE OF 
              DUTY.

    (a) Authority.--Section 1798 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by inserting ``, or to an in-home child care provider,'' 
        after ``youth program services'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection (c):
    ``(c) Eligible In-Home Child Care Providers.--The Secretary may 
determine that an in-home child care provider is eligible for financial 
assistance under this section.''.
    (b) In-Home Child Care Provider Defined.--Section 1800 of such 
title is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) The term `in-home child care provider' means an 
        individual (including a nanny, babysitter, or au pair) who 
        provides child care services in the home of the child.''.
    (c) Regulations.--Not later than July 1, 2021, the Secretary of 
Defense shall prescribe regulations that establish eligibility 
requirements and amounts of financial assistance for an in-home child 
care provider under subsection (c) of section 1798 of title 10, United 
States Code, as amended by subsection (a).

SEC. 564. EXPANSION OF FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE UNDER MY CAREER ADVANCEMENT 
              ACCOUNT PROGRAM.

    Section 580F of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``or maintenance (including continuing 
        education courses)'' after ``pursuit''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following: ``Such financial 
        assistance may be applied to the costs of national tests that 
        may earn a participating military spouse course credits 
        required for a degree approved under the program (including the 
        College Level Examination Program tests and the Subject 
        Standardized Tests of the Defense Activity for Non-Traditional 
        Education Support Division of the Department of Defense).''

SEC. 565. CHILD CARE.

    (a) 24-Hour Child Care.--If the Secretary of Defense determines it 
feasible, the Secretary shall furnish child care to each child of a 
member of the Armed Forces or employee of the Department of Defense 
while that member or employee works on rotating shifts at a military 
installation.
    (b) Metrics.--Not later than 6 months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
implement metrics to evaluate the effectiveness of the child care 
priority system of the Department of Defense, including--
            (1) the speed of placement for children of members of the 
        Armed Forces on active duty;
            (2) the type of child care offered;
            (3) available spaces in such system, if any; and
            (4) other metrics to monitor the child care priority system 
        determined by the Secretary.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of the Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report regarding the results of a study that 
evaluates--
            (1) the sufficiency of the stipend furnished by the 
        Secretary to members of the Armed Forces for civilian child 
        care; and
            (2) whether the amount of such stipend should be based on--
                    (A) cost of living in the applicable locale; and
                    (B) the capacity of licensed civilian child care 
                providers in the local market.

SEC. 566. CONTINUATION OF PAID PARENTAL LEAVE UPON DEATH OF CHILD.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall amend the regulations prescribed 
pursuant to subsections (i) and (j) of section 701 of title 10, United 
States Code, to provide that the eligibility of primary and secondary 
caregivers for paid parental leave that has already been approved shall 
not terminate upon the death of the child for whom such leave is taken.

SEC. 567. STUDY AND REPORT ON THE PERFORMANCE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE EDUCATION ACTIVITY.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study on the 
performance of the Department of Defense Education Activity.
    (b) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) A review of the curriculum relating to health, 
        resiliency, and nutrition taught in schools operated by the 
        Department of Defense Education Activity and a comparison of 
        such curriculum to appropriate education benchmarks.
            (2) An analysis of the outcomes experienced by students in 
        such schools, as measured by--
                    (A) the performance of such students on the 
                National Assessment of Educational Progress carried out 
                under section 303(b)(3) of the National Assessment of 
                Educational Progress Authorization Act (20 U.S.C. 
                9622(b)(3)); and
                    (B) any other methodologies used by the Department 
                of Defense Education Activity to measure individual 
                student outcomes.
            (3) An assessment of the effectiveness of the School 
        Liaison Officer program of the Department of Defense Education 
        Activity in achieving the goals of the program with an emphasis 
        on goals relating to special education and family outreach.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of the Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report that includes the findings of the study 
conducted under subsection (a).

SEC. 568. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON THE 
              STRUCTURAL CONDITION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EDUCATION 
              ACTIVITY SCHOOLS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report setting 
forth an assessment by the Comptroller General of the structural 
condition of schools of the Department of Defense Education Activity, 
both within the continental United States (CONUS) and outside the 
continental United States (OCONUS).
    (b) Virtual Schools.--The report shall include an assessment of the 
virtual infrastructure or other means by which students attend 
Department of Defense Education Activity schools that have no physical 
structure, including the satisfaction of the military families 
concerned with such infrastructure or other means.

SEC. 569. PILOT PROGRAM TO EXPAND ELIGIBILITY FOR ENROLLMENT AT 
              DOMESTIC DEPENDENT ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS.

    (a) Pilot Program Authorized.--Beginning not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall carry out a pilot program under which a dependent of a full-time, 
active-duty member of the Armed Forces may enroll in a covered DODEA 
school at the military installation to which the member is assigned, on 
a space-available basis as described in subsection (c), without regard 
to whether the member resides on the installation as described in 
2164(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of the pilot program under this section 
are--
            (1) to evaluate the feasibility and advisability of 
        expanding enrollment in covered DODEA schools; and
            (2) to determine how increased access to such schools will 
        affect military and family readiness.
    (c) Enrollment on Space-Available Basis.--A student participating 
in the pilot program under this section may be enrolled in a covered 
DODEA school only if the school has the capacity to accept the student, 
as determined by the Director of the Department of Defense Education 
Activity.
    (d) Locations.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out the pilot 
program under this section at not more than four military installations 
at which covered DODEA schools are located. The Secretary shall select 
military installations for participation in the program based on--
            (1) the readiness needs of the Secretary of a the military 
        department concerned; and
            (2) the capacity of the DODEA schools located at the 
        installation to accept additional students, as determined by 
        the Director of the Department of Defense Education Activity.
    (e) Termination.--The authority to carry out the pilot program 
under this section shall terminate 4 years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
    (f) Covered DODEA School Defined.--In this Section, the term 
``covered DODEA school'' means a domestic dependent elementary or 
secondary school operated by the Department of Defense Education 
Activity that--
            (1) has been established on or before the date of the 
        enactment of this Act; and
            (2) is located in the continental United States.

SEC. 570. CONTINUED ASSISTANCE TO SCHOOLS WITH SIGNIFICANT NUMBERS OF 
              MILITARY DEPENDENT STUDENTS.

    (a) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of Military 
Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2021 in division D of this Act and available for operation 
and maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding 
table in section 4301 of this Act, $40,000,000 shall be available only 
for the purpose of providing assistance to local educational agencies 
under subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 20 U.S.C. 
7703b).
    (b) Impact Aid for Children With Severe Disabilities.--Of the 
amount authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 in division D 
of this Act and available for operation and maintenance for Defense-
wide activities as specified in the funding table in section 4301 of 
this Act, $10,000,000 shall be available for payments under section 363 
of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2001 (Public Law 106-398; 20 U.S.C. 7703a).
    (c) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the term 
``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that term in section 
7013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
U.S.C. 7713(9)).

SEC. 570A. STANDARDIZATION OF THE EXCEPTIONAL FAMILY MEMBER PROGRAM.

    (a) Policy.--Not later than 6 months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with 
the Secretaries of the military departments, shall, to the extent 
practicable, standardize the Exceptional Family Member Program (in this 
section referred to as the ``EFMP'') across the military departments.
    (b) Elements.--The EFMP, standardized under subsection (a), shall 
include the following:
            (1) Processes for the identification and enrollment of 
        dependents of covered members with special needs.
            (2) A process for the permanent change of orders for 
        covered members, to ensure seamless continuity of services at 
        the new permanent duty station.
            (3) A review process for installations to ensure that 
        health care furnished through the TRICARE program, special 
        needs education programs, and installation-based family support 
        programs are available to military families enrolled in the 
        EFMP.
            (4) A standardized respite care benefit across the covered 
        Armed Forces, including the number of hours available under 
        such benefit to military families enrolled in the EFMP.
            (5) Outcomes and metrics to evaluate the EFMP.
            (6) A requirement that the Secretary of each military 
        department provide a dedicated EFMP attorney, who specializes 
        in education law, at each military installation--
                    (A) the Secretary determines is a primary receiving 
                installation for military families with special needs; 
                and
                    (B) in a State that the Secretary determines has 
                historically not supported families enrolled in the 
                EFMP.
            (7) The option for a family enrolled in the EFMP to 
        continue to receive all services under that program and the 
        bachelor allowance for housing if--
                    (A) the covered member receives a new permanent 
                duty station; and
                    (B) the covered member and family elect for the 
                family not to relocate with the covered member.
            (8) A process to discuss policy challenges and 
        opportunities, best practices adopted across the covered Armed 
        Forces, a forum period for discussion with members of military 
        families with special needs, and other matters the Secretary of 
        Defense determines appropriate.
    (c) Case Management.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall develop an EFMP 
case management model, including the following:
            (1) A single EFMP office, located at the headquarters of 
        each covered Armed Force, to oversee implementation of the EFMP 
        and coordinate health care services, permanent change of 
        station order processing, and educational support services for 
        that covered Armed Force.
            (2) An EFMP office at each military installation with case 
        managers to assist each family of a covered member in the 
        development of a plan that addresses the areas specified in 
        subsection (b)(1).
    (d) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of the Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the implementation of the items identified 
under subsections (a), (b), and (c), including any recommendations of 
the Secretary regarding legislation.
    (e) GAO Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives a report on--
            (1) whether military families have higher rates of disputes 
        and loss of free and appropriate public education under section 
        504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Public Law 93-112; 29 
        U.S.C. 794) than civilian counterparts; and
            (2) an analysis of the number of due process hearings that 
        were filed by school districts against children of members of 
        the Armed Forces.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered Armed Force'' means an Armed Force 
        under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military 
        department.
            (2) The term ``covered member'' means a member--
                    (A) of a covered Armed Force; and
                    (B) with a dependent with special needs.

SEC. 570B. TRAINING PROGRAM REGARDING FOREIGN DISINFORMATION CAMPAIGNS.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than September 30, 2021, the 
Secretary of Defense shall establish a program for training members of 
the Armed Forces and employees of the Department of Defense regarding 
the threat of foreign disinformation campaigns specifically targeted at 
such individuals and the families of such individuals.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than October 30, 2021, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit a report to the congressional defense 
committees regarding the program under subsection (a).

SEC. 570C. REOPENING OF CHILD CARE FACILITIES OF THE ENGINEER RESEARCH 
              AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER.

    The Secretary of the Army shall reopen all child care facilities of 
the Engineer Research and Development Center that were closed during 
fiscal year 2020.

SEC. 570D. IMPROVEMENTS TO PARTNER CRITERIA OF THE MILITARY SPOUSE 
              EMPLOYMENT PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM.

    (a) Evaluation; Updates.--Not later than 160 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall evaluate the 
partner criteria set forth in the Military Spouse Employment 
Partnership Program and implement updates that the Secretary determines 
will improve such criteria without diminishing the need for partners to 
exhibit sound business practices, broad diversity efforts, and relative 
financial stability. Such updates shall expand the number of the 
following entities that meet such criteria:
            (1) Institutions of primary, secondary, and higher 
        education.
            (2) Software and coding companies.
            (3) Local small businesses.
            (4) Companies that employ telework.
    (b) New Partnerships.--Upon completion of the evaluation under 
subsection (a), the Secretary, in cooperation with the Department of 
Labor, shall seek to enter into agreements with entities described in 
paragraphs (1) through (4) of subsection (a) that are located near 
military installations (as that term is defined in section 2687 of 
title 10, United States Code).
    (c) Review; Report.--Not later than 1 year after implementation 
under subsection (a), the Secretary shall review updates under 
subsection (a) and publish a report regarding such review on a 
publicly-accessible website of the Department of Defense. Such report 
shall include the following:
            (1) Military spouse employment rates related to types of 
        entities described in subsection (a).
            (2) Application rates, website clicks, and other basic 
        metrics that measure the interest level of military spouses in 
        types of entities described in subsection (a).
            (3) Recommendations for increasing military spouse 
        employment opportunities in the types of entities described in 
        subsection (a).

                  Subtitle H--Diversity and Inclusion

SEC. 571. DIVERSITY AND INCLUSION REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Standard Diversity Metrics and Annual Reporting Requirement.--
Section 113 of title 10, United States Code is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as 
                paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (1), the following 
                new paragraph (2):
            ``(2) a report from each military department on the goals, 
        barriers, and status of diversity and inclusion of that 
        military department;''; and
            (2) in subsection (g)(1)(B), by inserting after clause 
        (vi), the following new clause (vii):
                            ``(vii) Strategic metrics and benchmarks 
                        evaluating how the officer and enlisted corps 
                        reflects the eligible United States population 
                        across all armed forces and ranks.'';
            (3) by redesignating subsections (m) and (n) as subsections 
        (n) and (o), respectively; and
            (4) by inserting after subsection (k), the following new 
        subsections (l) and (m):
    ``(l)(1) The Secretary of Defense shall establish and maintain a 
standard set of strategic metrics and benchmarks toward objectives of:
            ``(A) an officer and enlisted corps that reflects the 
        eligible U.S. population across all armed forces and ranks; and
            ``(B) a military force that is able to prevail in its wars, 
        prevent and deter conflict, defeat adversaries and succeed in a 
        wide range of contingencies, and preserve and enhance the all-
        volunteer force.
    ``(2) In implementing the requirement in paragraph (1), the 
Secretary shall--
            ``(A) establish a universal data collection system to 
        ensure comparability across each military department;
            ``(B) establish standard definitions of demographic groups, 
        a common methodology, and a common reporting structure across 
        each military department;
            ``(C) conduct annual barrier analyses to review demographic 
        diversity patterns across the military life cycle, starting 
        with accessions; and
            ``(D) each year meet with the Secretaries of the military 
        departments, the Chiefs of Staff of the armed forces, and the 
        Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to assess progress 
        towards the objective under paragraph (1) and establish 
        recommendations to meet such objective.
    ``(m) The Secretary shall include in each national defense strategy 
under subsection (g)--
            ``(1) the demographics, disaggregated by grade, ethnicity, 
        race, gender, and military occupational specialty, for--
                    ``(A) accession into the armed forces;
                    ``(B) the enlisted corps;
                    ``(C) the commissioned officers;
                    ``(D) graduates of the military service academies;
                    ``(E) the rate of promotion in the promotion zone;
                    ``(F) the rate of promotion below the zone for 
                promotion;
                    ``(G) the rates of retention;
                    ``(H) command selection;
                    ``(I) special assignments;
                    ``(J) career broadening assignments;
                    ``(K) aides to general officers and flag officers; 
                and
                    ``(L) any other matter the Secretary determines 
                appropriate;
            ``(2) an analysis of assignment patterns by ethnicity, 
        race, and gender;
            ``(3) an analysis of attitudinal survey data by ethnicity, 
        race, and gender;
            ``(4) an assessment of the available pool of qualified of 
        Asian American, Native Hawaiian, Pacific Islander, African 
        American, Hispanic, Puerto Rican, Native American, Alaska 
        Native and female candidates for pay grades O-9 and O-10;
            ``(5) identification of persistent, group-specific 
        deviations from overall averages and plans to investigate 
        underlying causes; and
            ``(6) summaries of progress made on previous actions.''.
    (b) National Guard Diversity Reporting.--Section 10504 of title 10, 
United States Code is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection (d):
    ``(d) Report on Diversity and Inclusion.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not less than once every four years, the 
        Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall report in writing to 
        the Secretary of Defense and the Congress on the status of 
        diversity in each State, Territory, and the District of 
        Columbia for all ranks of the Army and Air National Guard.
            ``(2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include--
                    ``(A) the demographics, disaggregated by State, 
                grade, ethnicity, race, gender, and military 
                occupational specialty, for--
                            ``(i) accession into the National Guard;
                            ``(ii) the enlisted corps;
                            ``(iii) the commissioned officers;
                            ``(iv) the rate of promotion in the 
                        promotion zone;
                            ``(v) the rate of promotion below the zone 
                        for promotion;
                            ``(vi) the rates of retention;
                            ``(vii) command selection;
                            ``(viii) special assignments;
                            ``(ix) career broadening assignments;
                            ``(x) aides to a general officer; and
                            ``(xi) any other matter the Chief of the 
                        National Guard Bureau determines appropriate;
                    ``(B) an analysis of assignment patterns by 
                ethnicity, race, and gender;
                    ``(C) an analysis of attitudinal survey data by 
                ethnicity, race, and gender;
                    ``(D) an assessment of the available pool of 
                qualified of Asian American, Native Hawaiian, Pacific 
                Islander, African American, Hispanic, Puerto Rican, 
                Native American, Alaska Native and female candidates 
                for pay grades O-9 and O-10;
                    ``(E) identification of persistent, group-specific 
                deviations from overall averages and plans to 
                investigate underlying causes; and
                    ``(F) summaries of progress made on previous 
                actions.
            ``(3) Public availability.--The Chief of the National Guard 
        Bureau shall--
                    ``(A) publish on an appropriate publicly available 
                website of the National Guard the reports required 
                under paragraph (1); and
                    ``(B) ensure that any data included with the report 
                is made available in a machine-readable format that is 
                downloadable, searchable, and sortable.''.
    (c) Coast Guard Diversity Reporting.--Section 5101 of title 14, 
United States Code is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as 
                paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (1), the following 
                new paragraph (2):
            ``(2) the goals, barriers, and status of diversity and 
        inclusion;''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection (c):
    ``(c) Not less than once every 4 years, the Secretary shall include 
in the annual request under subsection (a)--
            ``(1) the demographics, disaggregated by grade, ethnicity, 
        race, gender, and military occupational specialty, for--
                    ``(A) accession into the Coast Guard;
                    ``(B) the enlisted corps;
                    ``(C) the commissioned officers;
                    ``(D) graduates of the Coast Guard Academy;
                    ``(E) the rate of promotion in the promotion zone;
                    ``(F) the rate of promotion below the zone for 
                promotion;
                    ``(G) the rates of retention;
                    ``(H) command selection;
                    ``(I) special assignments;
                    ``(J) career broadening assignments;
                    ``(K) aides to a flag officer; and
                    ``(L) any other matter the Secretary determines 
                appropriate;
            ``(2) an analysis of assignment patterns by ethnicity, 
        race, and gender;
            ``(3) an analysis of attitudinal survey data by ethnicity, 
        race, and gender;
            ``(4) an assessment of the available pool of qualified of 
        Asian American, Native Hawaiian, Pacific Islander, African 
        American, Hispanic, Puerto Rican, Native American, Alaska 
        Native and female candidates for pay grades O-9 and O-10;
            ``(5) identification of persistent, group-specific 
        deviations from overall averages and plans to investigate 
        underlying causes; and
            ``(6) summaries of progress made on previous actions.''.
    (d) Requirement To Consider Minority Officers for O-9 and O-10 
Grades.--
            (1) Army, navy, air force, marine corps, and space force.--
        Section 601 of title 10, United States Code is amended by 
        adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(e) The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall consider all 
Asian American, Native Hawaiian, Pacific Islander, African American, 
Hispanic, Puerto Rican, Native American, Alaska Native and female 
candidates prior to recommending to the President an initial 
appointment to the grade of lieutenant general or vice admiral, or an 
initial appointment to the grade of general or admiral.
    ``(f) When seeking the advice and consent of the Senate under 
subsection (a), the President shall submit to the Committee on Armed 
Services of the Senate a certification that--
            ``(1) all Asian American, Native Hawaiian, Pacific 
        Islander, African American, Hispanic, Puerto Rican, Native 
        American, Alaska Native and female candidates were considered 
        for appointment; and
            ``(2)(A) none of the candidates under subparagraph (A) met 
        the qualifications needed by an officer serving in that 
        position or office to carry out effectively the duties and 
        responsibilities of that position or office; or
            ``(B) the officers in the positions designated under 
        subsection (a) represent the diversity of the armed forces to 
        the extent practicable.''.
            (2) Coast guard.--Section 305(a) of title 14, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraphs:
    ``(4) The Commandant shall consider all Asian American, Native 
Hawaiian, Pacific Islander, African American, Hispanic, Puerto Rican, 
Native American, Alaska Native and female candidates prior to 
recommending to the President an initial appointment to the grade of 
vice admiral, or an initial appointment to the grade of admiral.
    ``(5) When seeking the advice and consent of the Senate under 
subsection (a), the President shall submit to the committee of the 
Senate with jurisdiction over the department in which the Coast Guard 
is operating a certification that--
            ``(A) all Asian American, Native Hawaiian, Pacific 
        Islander, African American, Hispanic, Puerto Rican, Native 
        American, Alaska Native and female candidates were considered 
        for appointment; and
            ``(B)(i) none of the candidates under subparagraph (A) met 
        the qualifications needed by an officer serving in that 
        position or office to carry out effectively the duties and 
        responsibilities of that position or office; or
            ``(ii) the officers in the positions designated under 
        subsection (a) represent the diversity of the armed forces to 
        the extent practicable.''.

SEC. 572. ESTABLISHMENT OF DIVERSITY AND INCLUSION ADVISORY COUNCIL OF 
              THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Establishment.--Chapter 7 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting before section 187 the following:
``Sec. 186. Diversity and Inclusion Advisory Council
    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of the Department of Defense 
(referred to in this section as the `Secretary') shall establish a 
council to be known as the `Diversity and Inclusion Advisory Council of 
the Department of Defense' (referred to in this section as the 
`Council').
    ``(b) Duties.--The Council shall provide advice and recommendations 
to the Secretary on matters concerning diversity and inclusion in the 
Department of Defense, relating to the following:
            ``(1) Aligning diversity and inclusion with the strategic 
        goals of the Department of Defense.
            ``(2) Conducting strategic outreach efforts to identify, 
        attract, and recruit individuals that represent the demographic 
        diversity of the United States.
            ``(3) Developing, mentoring, and retaining a diverse and 
        inclusive Armed Forces.
            ``(4) Encouraging leadership development through diversity 
        and inclusion practices and processes.
    ``(c) Membership.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Council shall be composed of not 
        fewer than 22 members, including the Federal officials and 
        officers specified in paragraph (2), and not fewer than 12 
        members appointed by the Secretary from nongovernmental 
        positions described in paragraph (3).
            ``(2) Federal officials and officers.--The Federal 
        officials and officers specified in this paragraph are the 
        following:
                    ``(A) The Chief Diversity Officer of the Department 
                of Defense.
                    ``(B) The Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel 
                and Readiness.
                    ``(C) The Chief of Staff of the Army.
                    ``(D) The Chief of Naval Operations.
                    ``(E) The Chief of Staff of the Air Force.
                    ``(F) The Chief of Space Operations.
                    ``(G) The Chief of Staff of the Air Force.
                    ``(H) The Commandant of the Marine Corps.
                    ``(I) The Commandant of the Coast Guard.
                    ``(J) The Chief of the National Guard Bureau.
            ``(3) Nongovernmental positions.--Nongovernmental positions 
        described in this paragraph are the following:
                    ``(A) Five presidents or chancellors of 
                institutions of higher education, including private and 
                public institutions representing diverse areas of the 
                United States.
                    ``(B) Senior leaders of the defense industries of 
                the United States.
                    ``(C) Senior leaders of veterans or military 
                service organizations.
                    ``(D) Veterans (as defined in section 101 of title 
                38).
                    ``(E) Others determined appropriate by the 
                Secretary.
            ``(4) Timing of appointments.--Appointments to the Council 
        shall be made not later than four months after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act.
            ``(5) Terms.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each member shall be appointed 
                for a term of two years.
                    ``(B) Vacancies.--Any member appointed to fill a 
                vacancy occurring before the expiration of the term for 
                which the member's predecessor was appointed shall be 
                appointed only for the remainder of that term. A member 
                may serve after the expiration of that term until a 
                successor has been appointed.
            ``(6) Chairperson and vice chairperson.--
                    ``(A) Chairperson.--The Chairperson of the Council 
                shall be the Chief Diversity Officer of the Department 
                of Defense.
                    ``(B) Vice chairperson.--The Vice Chairperson shall 
                be designated by the Secretary at the time of the 
                appointment of the members pursuant to paragraph (4), 
                and when a vacancy of the Vice Chairperson occurs, as 
                the case may be.
    ``(d) Meeting.--
            ``(1) Meetings.--The Council shall meet not fewer than four 
        times each year at the call of the Chairperson or Vice 
        Chairperson.
            ``(2) Quorum.--Twelve members of the Council, including six 
        appointed under subsection (c)(2) and six appointed under 
        subsection (c)(3), shall constitute a quorum.
    ``(e) Compensation.--
            ``(1) Prohibition on compensation.--Except as provided in 
        paragraph (2), members of the Council may not receive 
        additional pay, allowances, or benefits by reason of their 
        service on the Council.
            ``(2) Travel expenses.--Each member shall receive travel 
        expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, in 
        accordance with applicable provisions under subchapter I of 
        chapter 57 of title 5.
    ``(f) Administrative Support Services.--Upon the request of the 
Council, the Secretary shall provide to the Council, on a reimbursable 
basis, the administrative support services necessary for the Council to 
carry out its responsibilities under this Act.
    ``(g) Reports.--Not later than 180 days after the date on which the 
Council holds its initial meeting under subsection (d) and annually 
thereafter, the Council shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report containing a detailed statement of the advice and 
recommendations of the Council pursuant to subsection (b).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 7 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
before the item relating to section 187 the following:

``186. Diversity and Inclusion Advisory Council.''.

SEC. 573. ESTABLISHMENT OF SPECIAL INSPECTOR GENERAL FOR RACIAL AND 
              ETHNIC DISPARITIES IN THE ARMED FORCES; AMENDMENTS TO 
              INSPECTOR GENERAL ACT.

    (a) Special Inspector General for Racial and Ethnic Disparities in 
the Armed Forces.--
            (1) Purposes.--The purposes of this section are the 
        following:
                    (A) To provide for the independent and objective 
                conduct and supervision of audits and investigations 
                relating to racial and ethnic disparities in military 
                personnel and military justice systems, and white 
                supremacy among military personnel.
                    (B) To provide recommendations to the Secretary of 
                Defense and to Congress on actions necessary to 
                eliminate racial and ethnic disparities in military 
                personnel and military justice systems.
            (2) Office of inspector general.--To carry out the purposes 
        of paragraph (1), there is hereby established, in the 
        Department of Defense, the Office of the Special Inspector 
        General for Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Armed Forces.
            (3) Appointment of inspector general.--
                    (A) Nomination; appointment.--The head of the 
                Office of the Special Inspector General for Racial and 
                Ethnic Disparities is the Special Inspector General for 
                Racial and Ethnic Disparities (in this section referred 
                to as the ``Inspector General''), who shall be 
                appointed by the President, by and with the advice and 
                consent of the Senate.
                    (B) Qualifications.--The appointment of the 
                Inspector General shall be made solely on the basis of 
                integrity and demonstrated ability in accounting, 
                auditing, financial analysis, law, management analysis, 
                public administration, or investigations.
                    (C) Deadline for nomination.--The nomination of an 
                individual as Inspector General shall be made not later 
                than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this 
                Act.
                    (D) Compensation.--The annual rate of basic pay of 
                the Inspector General shall be the annual rate of basic 
                pay provided for positions at level IV of the Executive 
                Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United States 
                Code.
                    (E) Prohibition on political activities.--For 
                purposes of section 7324 of title 5, United States 
                Code, the Inspector General shall not be considered an 
                employee who determines policies to be pursued by the 
                United States in the nationwide administration of 
                Federal law.
                    (F) Removal.--The Inspector General shall be 
                removable from office in accordance with the provisions 
                of section 3(b) of the Inspector General Act of 1978 (5 
                U.S.C. App.).
            (4) Assistant inspectors general.--The Inspector General 
        shall, in accordance with applicable laws and regulations 
        governing the civil service, appoint an Assistant Inspector 
        General for Military Justice who shall have the responsibility 
        for auditing and investigation activities relating to racial 
        and ethnic disparities within the military justice system.
            (5) Supervision.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), the Inspector General shall report directly to, 
                and be under the general supervision of the Secretary 
                of Defense.
                    (B) Independence to conduct investigations and 
                audits.--No officer of the Department of Defense shall 
                prevent or prohibit the Inspector General from 
                initiating, carrying out, or completing any audit or 
                investigation related to racial and ethnic disparities 
                or from issuing any subpoena during the course of any 
                such audit or investigation.
            (6) Duties.--
                    (A) Oversight of military justice.--It shall be the 
                duty of the Inspector General to conduct, supervise, 
                and coordinate audits and investigations of--
                            (i) the effect of military justice policies 
                        and practices on racial and ethnic disparities, 
                        including overrepresentation of minorities in 
                        actions related to investigations, courts-
                        martial, nonjudicial punishments, and other 
                        military justice actions as determined by the 
                        Inspector General;
                            (ii) the effect of military personnel 
                        policies and practices, including recruiting, 
                        accessions, and promotions, on racial and 
                        ethnic disparities, including 
                        underrepresentation of minorities among members 
                        of the Armed Forces under the jurisdiction of 
                        the Secretary of a military department in 
                        grades above E-7;
                            (iii) the scope and efficacy of existing 
                        diversity and inclusion offices and programs 
                        within the Department of Defense; and
                            (iv) white supremacist activities among 
                        military personnel and any other issues, 
                        determined by the Inspector General, necessary 
                        to address racial and ethnic disparities within 
                        the Armed Forces under the jurisdiction of the 
                        Secretary of a military department.
                    (B) Other duties related to oversight.--The 
                Inspector General shall establish, maintain, and 
                oversee such systems, procedures, and controls as the 
                Inspector General considers appropriate to discharge 
                the duties under subparagraph (A).
                    (C) Duties and responsibilities under inspector 
                general act of 1978.--In addition to the duties 
                specified in subparagraphs (A) and (B), the Inspector 
                General shall also have the duties and responsibilities 
                of inspectors general under the Inspector General Act 
                of 1978.
                    (D) Coordination of efforts.--In carrying out the 
                duties, responsibilities, and authorities of the 
                Inspector General under this section, the Inspector 
                General shall coordinate with, and receive the 
                cooperation of each of the following:
                            (i) The Inspector General of the Department 
                        of Defense.
                            (ii) The Inspector General of the Army.
                            (iii) The Inspector General of the Navy.
                            (iv) The Inspector General of the Air 
                        Force.
            (7) Powers and authorities.--
                    (A) Authorities under inspector general act of 
                1978.--In carrying out the duties specified in 
                paragraph (6), the Inspector General shall have the 
                authorities provided in section 6 of the Inspector 
                General Act of 1978.
                    (B) Audit standards.--The Inspector General shall 
                carry out the duties specified in paragraph (6)(A) in 
                accordance with section 4(b)(1) of the Inspector 
                General Act of 1978.
            (8) Personnel, facilities, and other resources.--
                    (A) Personnel.--The Inspector General may select, 
                appoint, and employ such officers and employees as may 
                be necessary for carrying out the duties of the 
                Inspector General, subject to the provisions of title 
                5, United States Code, governing appointments in the 
                competitive service, and the provisions of chapter 51 
                and subchapter III of chapter 53 of such title, 
                relating to classification and General Schedule pay 
                rates.
                    (B) Employment of experts and consultants.--The 
                Inspector General may obtain services as authorized by 
                section 3109 of title 5, United States Code, at daily 
                rates not to exceed the equivalent rate prescribed for 
                grade GS-15 of the General Schedule by section 5332 of 
                such title.
                    (C) Contracting authority.--To the extent and in 
                such amounts as may be provided in advance by 
                appropriations Acts, the Inspector General may enter 
                into contracts and other arrangements for audits, 
                studies, analyses, and other services with public 
                agencies and with private persons, and make such 
                payments as may be necessary to carry out the duties of 
                the Inspector General.
                    (D) Resources.--The Secretary of Defense, as 
                appropriate, shall provide the Inspector General with 
                appropriate and adequate office space at appropriate 
                locations of the Department of Defense, together with 
                such equipment, office supplies, and communications 
                facilities and services as may be necessary for the 
                operation of such offices, and shall provide necessary 
                maintenance services for such offices and the equipment 
                and facilities located therein.
                    (E) Assistance from federal agencies.--
                            (i) In general.--Upon request of the 
                        Inspector General for information or assistance 
                        from any department, agency, or other entity of 
                        the Federal Government, the head of such entity 
                        shall, insofar as is practicable and not in 
                        contravention of any existing law, furnish such 
                        information or assistance to the Inspector 
                        General, or an authorized designee.
                            (ii) Reporting of refused assistance.--
                        Whenever information or assistance requested by 
                        the Inspector General is, in the judgment of 
                        the Inspector General, unreasonably refused or 
                        not provided, the Inspector General shall 
                        report the circumstances to the Secretary of 
                        Defense, as appropriate, and to the appropriate 
                        congressional committees without delay.
            (9) Reports.--
                    (A) Quarterly reports.--Not later than 30 days 
                after the end of each fiscal-year quarter, the 
                Inspector General shall submit quarterly reports to the 
                Secretary of Defense and the congressional defense 
                committees summarizing the activities of the Inspector 
                General for the previous quarter.
                    (B) Annual reports.--The Inspector General shall 
                submit annual reports to the Secretary of Defense and 
                the congressional defense committees presenting 
                recommendations for changes to policy, practice, 
                regulation, and statute to eliminate disparities within 
                the military personnel and military justice systems and 
                to eliminate white supremacist activities among 
                military personnel. Each such report shall include an 
                accounting and detailing of every incident of white 
                supremacist activity documented in the Department of 
                Defense.
                    (C) Occasional reports.--The Inspector General 
                shall, from time to time, submit additional reports 
                containing findings and recommendations at the 
                discretion of the Inspector General.
                    (D) Online publication.--The Inspector General 
                shall publish each report under this paragraph on a 
                publicly available website not later than 7 days after 
                submission to the Secretary of Defense and the 
                congressional defense committees.
            (10) Funding.--This section shall be carried out using not 
        more than $10,000,000 of funds authorized to be appropriated in 
        this Act for Operation and Maintenance, Defense-wide, and no 
        additional amounts are authorized to be appropriated to carry 
        out this section.
    (b) Amendments to the Inspector General Act.--The Inspector General 
Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.) is amended--
            (1) in section 3(b)--
                    (A) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``An Inspector 
                General'';
                    (B) by inserting after the first sentence the 
                following: ``An Inspector General may only be removed 
                by the President before the expiration of the term of 
                the Inspector General for permanent incapacity, neglect 
                of duty, malfeasance, conviction of a felony or conduct 
                involving moral turpitude, knowing violation of a law, 
                gross mismanagement, gross waste of funds, or abuse of 
                authority.''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:
    ``(2) If an Inspector General is removed by the President under 
paragraph (1) fewer than 30 days after the President has communicated 
in writing the reasons for such removal pursuant to paragraph (1), the 
Inspector General shall submit to the Council of the Inspectors General 
on Integrity and Efficiency a report that includes the following 
information:
            ``(A) A description of the facts and circumstances of each 
        investigation involving a senior government employee (as 
        defined in section 5 of this Act) being conducted by that 
        Inspector General at the time of such removal.
            ``(B) Any other matter that the Inspector General 
        determines to include.
    ``(3) Any individual serving as the head of an Office of Inspector 
General, after the removal of an Inspector General under paragraph (1), 
shall issue to the Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and 
Efficiency a report identifying any instances in which an investigation 
or matter described in paragraph (2) is closed prior to its completion, 
with a description of the reasons for closing the investigation or 
matter.''; and
            (2) in section 8G(e), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
    ``(3) In the event of the removal of an Inspector General, the 
Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency shall--
            ``(A) investigate the reasons for removal provided by the 
        President;
            ``(B) publish a report including the determination of the 
        Council whether the reasons described in subparagraph (A) are 
        in accordance with the relevant provisions relating to for 
        cause removal;
            ``(C) review any investigation that was being conducted by 
        the Inspector General at the time of such removal; and
            ``(D) submit, to the congressional committees the Council 
        determine to be relevant, a report that includes the 
        determination of the Council whether an investigation described 
        in subparagraph (C) motivated such removal.''.

SEC. 574. QUESTIONS REGARDING RACISM, ANTI-SEMITISM, AND SUPREMACISM IN 
              WORKPLACE SURVEYS ADMINISTERED BY THE SECRETARY OF 
              DEFENSE.

    Section 593 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended, in paragraph (1), by 
inserting ``, racist, xenophobic, anti-Semitic, or supremacist'' after 
``extremist''.

SEC. 575. REPORT ON DEMOGRAPHICS OF OFFICERS APPOINTED TO CERTAIN 
              GRADES.

    Not later than the first October 1 to occur after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, each Secretary of a 
military department shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and House of Representatives a report summarizing the gender 
and race of each individual who received an appointment under section 
531 or 601 of title 10, United States Code, during the immediately 
preceding fiscal year.

SEC. 576. PLANS TO INCREASE FEMALE AND MINORITY REPRESENTATION IN THE 
              ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Plans Required.--The Secretary of Defense and each Secretary of 
a military department shall develop plans to increase, with respect to 
female and minority members of the Armed Forces and cadets or 
midshipmen under the jurisdiction of that Secretary, the following:
            (1) Recruitment.
            (2) Retention.
            (3) Representation in grades above E-7.
    (b) Elements.--Each plan developed under this section shall include 
clearly defined goals, performance measures, and timeframes.
    (c) Goals.--A goal under subsection (b) shall be to exceed, by not 
less than 100 percent, the rate at which the number of members 
described in subsection (a)(3) increased during the 5 years immediately 
preceding the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (d) Submittal.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense and each Secretary of a 
military department shall submit to the committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a copy of each plan 
developed under this section by that Secretary.
    (e) Report.--Three months after submitting a plan under subsection 
(d) and quarterly thereafter for 5 years, the Secretary of Defense and 
each Secretary of a military department shall submit to the committees 
on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
report indicating the number of female and minority members in grades 
above E-7 in each Armed Force under the jurisdiction of that Secretary.

SEC. 577. EVALUATION OF BARRIERS TO MINORITY PARTICIPATION IN CERTAIN 
              UNITS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Study Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Personnel and Readiness shall seek to enter into an agreement 
        with a federally funded research and development center with 
        relevant expertise to conduct an evaluation of the barriers to 
        minority participation in covered units of the Armed Forces.
            (2) Elements.--The evaluation required under paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following elements:
                    (A) A description of the racial, ethnic, and gender 
                composition of covered units.
                    (B) A comparison of the participation rates of 
                minority populations in covered units to participation 
                rates of the general population as members and as 
                officers of the Armed Forces.
                    (C) A comparison of the percentage of minority 
                officers in the grade of O-7 or higher who have served 
                in each covered unit to such percentage for all such 
                officers in the Armed Force of that covered unit.
                    (D) An identification of barriers to minority 
                (including English language learners) participation in 
                the recruitment, accession, assessment, and training 
                processes.
                    (E) The status and effectiveness of the response to 
                the recommendations contained in the report of the RAND 
                Corporation titled ``Barriers to Minority Participation 
                in Special Operations Forces'' and any follow-up 
                recommendations.
                    (F) Recommendations to increase the numbers of 
                minority officers in the Armed Forces.
                    (G) Recommendations to increase minority 
                participation in covered units.
                    (H) Any other matters the Secretary determines 
                appropriate.
            (3) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall--
                    (A) submit to the congressional defense committees 
                a report on the results of the study by not later than 
                January 1, 2022; and
                    (B) provide interim briefings to such committees 
                upon request.
    (b) Designation.--The study conducted under subsection (a) shall be 
known as the ``Study on Reducing Barriers to Minority Participation in 
Elite Units in the Armed Services''.
    (c) Implementation Required.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), not 
        later than March 1, 2023, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        commence the implementation of each recommendation included in 
        the final report submitted under subsection (a)(3).
            (2) Exceptions.--
                    (A) Delayed implementation.--The Secretary of 
                Defense may commence implementation of a recommendation 
                described paragraph (1) later than March 1, 2023, if--
                            (i) the Secretary submits to the 
                        congressional defense committees, not later 
                        than January 1, 2023, written notice of the 
                        intent of the Secretary to delay implementation 
                        of the recommendation; and
                            (ii) includes, as part of such notice, a 
                        specific justification for the delay in 
                        implementing the recommendation.
                    (B) Nonimplementation.--The Secretary of Defense 
                may elect not to implement a recommendation described 
                in paragraph (1), if--
                            (i) the Secretary submits to the 
                        congressional defense committees, not later 
                        than January 1, 2023, written notice of the 
                        intent of the Secretary not to implement the 
                        recommendation; and
                            (ii) includes, as part of such notice--
                                    (I) the reasons for the Secretary's 
                                decision not to implement the 
                                recommendation; and
                                    (II) a summary of alternative 
                                actions the Secretary will carry out to 
                                address the purposes underlying the 
                                recommendation.
            (3) Implementation plan.--For each recommendation that the 
        Secretary implements under this subsection, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees an 
        implementation plan that includes--
                    (A) a summary of actions the Secretary has carried 
                out, or intends to carry out, to implement the 
                recommendation; and
                    (B) a schedule, with specific milestones, for 
                completing the implementation of the recommendation.
    (d) Covered Units Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
units'' means the following:
            (1) Army Special Forces.
            (2) Army Rangers.
            (3) Navy SEALs.
            (4) Air Force Combat Control Teams.
            (5) Air Force Pararescue.
            (6) Air Force Special Reconnaissance.
            (7) Marine Raider Regiments.
            (8) Marine Corps Force Reconnaissance.
            (9) Coast Guard Maritime Security Response Team.
            (10) Any other forces designated by the Secretary of 
        Defense as special operations forces.
            (11) Pilot and navigator military occupational specialties.

SEC. 578. REPORT TO CONGRESS ON EFFORTS TO INCREASE DIVERSITY AND 
              REPRESENTATION IN FILM, TELEVISION, AND PUBLISHING.

    (a) Promulgation of Policy.--The Secretary of Defense and each 
Secretary of a military department shall promulgate a policy to 
promote, to the maximum extent possible, the depiction of marginalized 
communities in projects with the film, television, and publishing 
industries carried out through the respective offices of public 
affairs.
    (b) Consideration of Depiction of Certain Communities.--The 
Secretary of Defense and each Secretary of a military department shall 
consider the promotion of a marginalized community as an affirmative 
factor in any decision to provide assistance to a production studio or 
publishing company through the respective offices of public affairs.
    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
with each Secretary of a military department, shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on--
            (1) the policies promulgated under subsection (a); and
            (2) the activities carried out by the Secretary of Defense 
        and each such Secretary of a military department pursuant to 
        such subsection.
    (d) Definition of Marginalized Community.--In this section, the 
term ``marginalized community'' means a community--
            (1) that is (or historically was) under-represen