Text: H.R.6395 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Enrolled Bill

 
[Congressional Bills 116th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[H.R. 6395 Enrolled Bill (ENR)]

        H.R.6395

                     One Hundred Sixteenth Congress

                                 of the

                        United States of America


                          AT THE SECOND SESSION

           Begun and held at the City of Washington on Friday,
            the third day of January, two thousand and twenty


                                 An Act


 
To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense 
activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
         strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
    This Act may be cited as the ``William M. (Mac) Thornberry National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021''.
SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into eight divisions as 
follows:
        (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
        (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
        (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
    Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
        (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
        (5) Division E--National Artificial Intelligence Initiative Act 
    of 2020
        (6) Division F--Anti-Money Laundering
        (7) Division G--Elijah E. Cummings Coast Guard Authorization 
    Act of 2020
        (8) Division H--Other Matters
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Modifications to requirement for an interim cruise missile 
          defense capability.
Sec. 112. Report and limitations on acquisition of Integrated Visual 
          Augmentation System.
Sec. 113. Assessment of investment and sustainment for procurement of 
          cannon tubes.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Limitation on alteration of the Navy fleet mix.
Sec. 122. Limitations on Navy medium and large unmanned surface vessels.
Sec. 123. Fighter force structure acquisition strategy.
Sec. 124. Procurement authorities for certain amphibious shipbuilding 
          programs.
Sec. 125. Land-based test program for the FFG(X) Frigate program.
Sec. 126. Treatment in future budgets of the President of systems added 
          by Congress.
Sec. 127. Extension of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy 
          waterborne security barriers.
Sec. 128. Report on strategy to use ALQ-249 Next Generation Jammer to 
          ensure full spectrum electromagnetic superiority.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. Minimum operational squadron level.
Sec. 132. Modification of force structure objectives for bomber 
          aircraft.
Sec. 133. Minimum bomber aircraft force level.
Sec. 134. Required minimum inventory of tactical airlift aircraft.
Sec. 135. Inventory requirements for air refueling tanker aircraft.
Sec. 136. Authority to use F-35A fighter aircraft AT-1 through AT-6.
Sec. 137. F-35 aircraft gun system ammunition.
Sec. 138. Extension of limitation on availability of funds for 
          retirement of RC-135 aircraft.
Sec. 139. Modification to limitation on retirement of U-2 and RQ-4 
          aircraft.
Sec. 140. Modification of limitation on availability of funds for 
          retirement of E-8 JSTARS aircraft.
Sec. 141. Limitation on divestment of F-15C aircraft within the European 
          theater.
Sec. 142. Modernization plan for airborne intelligence, surveillance, 
          and reconnaissance.
Sec. 143. RC-26B manned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
          aircraft.
Sec. 144. Prohibition on funding for Close Air Support Integration 
          Group.
Sec. 145. Required solution for KC-46 aircraft remote visual system 
          limitations.
Sec. 146. Analysis of moving target indicator requirements and Advanced 
          Battle Management System capabilities.
Sec. 147. Study on measures to assess cost-per-effect for key mission 
          areas.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 151. Budgeting for life-cycle costs of aircraft for the Army, Navy, 
          and Air Force.
Sec. 152. Transfer of responsibilities and functions relating to 
          electromagnetic spectrum operations.
Sec. 153. Cryptographic modernization schedules.
Sec. 154. Department of Defense participation in the Special Federal 
          Aviation Regulation Working Group.
Sec. 155. Integrated air and missile defense assessment.
Sec. 156. Joint strategy for air base defense against missile threats.
Sec. 157. Joint All Domain Command and Control requirements.
Sec. 158. Expansion of economic order quantity contracting authority for 
          F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 159. Documentation relating to the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 160. F-35 aircraft munitions.
Sec. 161. Redesign strategy for the Autonomic Logistics Information 
          System for the F-35 fighter aircraft.
Sec. 162. Briefings on software regression testing for F-35 aircraft.
Sec. 163. Prohibition on use of funds for the Armed Overwatch Program.
Sec. 164. Acceleration of development and fielding of counter unmanned 
          aircraft systems across the joint force.
Sec. 165. Airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
          acquisition roadmap for the United States Special Operations 
          Command.
Sec. 166. Prohibition on divestiture of manned intelligence, 
          surveillance, and reconnaissance aircraft operated by United 
          States Special Operations Command.
Sec. 167. Notification on efforts to replace inoperable ejection seat 
          aircraft locator beacons.

          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Modification of requirements relating to certain cooperative 
          research and development agreements.
Sec. 212. Disclosure requirements for recipients of Department of 
          Defense research and development funds.
Sec. 213. Modification of national security innovation activities and 
          pilot program on strengthening the defense industrial and 
          innovation base.
Sec. 214. Updates to Defense Quantum Information Science and Technology 
          Research and Development program.
Sec. 215. Establishment of Directed Energy Working Group.
Sec. 216. Extension of pilot program for the enhancement of the 
          research, development, test, and evaluation centers of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 217. Designation of senior officials for critical technology areas 
          supportive of the National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 218. Executive agent for Autonomy.
Sec. 219. National security innovation partnerships.
Sec. 220. Social science, management science, and information science 
          research activities.
Sec. 221. Accountability measures relating to the Advanced Battle 
          Management System.
Sec. 222. Activities to improve fielding of Air Force hypersonic 
          capabilities.
Sec. 223. Disclosure of funding sources in applications for Federal 
          research and development awards.
Sec. 224. Governance of fifth-generation wireless networking in the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 225. Demonstration project on use of certain technologies for 
          fifth-generation wireless networking services.
Sec. 226. Research, development, and deployment of technologies to 
          support water sustainment.
Sec. 227. Limitation on contract awards for certain unmanned vessels.

       Subtitle C--Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Technology

Sec. 231. Modification of biannual report on the Joint Artificial 
          Intelligence Center.
Sec. 232. Modification of joint artificial intelligence research, 
          development, and transition activities.
Sec. 233. Board of advisors for the Joint Artificial Intelligence 
          Center.
Sec. 234. Application of artificial intelligence to the defense reform 
          pillar of the National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 235. Acquisition of ethically and responsibly developed artificial 
          intelligence technology.
Sec. 236. Steering committee on emerging technology.

             Subtitle D--Education and Workforce Development

Sec. 241. Measuring and incentivizing programming proficiency.
Sec. 242. Modification of Science, Mathematics, and Research for 
          Transformation (SMART) Defense Education Program.
Sec. 243. Improvements to Technology and National Security Fellowship of 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 244. Modification of mechanisms for expedited access to technical 
          talent and expertise at academic institutions.
Sec. 245. Encouragement of contractor science, technology, engineering, 
          and mathematics (STEM) programs.
Sec. 246. Training program for human resources personnel in best 
          practices for technical workforce.
Sec. 247. Pilot program on the use of electronic portfolios to evaluate 
          certain applicants for technical positions.
Sec. 248. Pilot program on self-directed training in advanced 
          technologies.
Sec. 249. Part-time and term employment of university faculty and 
          students in the Defense science and technology enterprise.
Sec. 250. National security workforce and educational diversity 
          activities.
Sec. 251. Coordination of scholarship and employment programs of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 252. Study on mechanisms for attracting and retaining high quality 
          talent in the Department of Defense.

                    Subtitle E--Sustainable Chemistry

Sec. 261. National coordinating entity for sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 262. Strategic plan for sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 263. Agency activities in support of sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 264. Partnerships in sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 265. Prioritization.
Sec. 266. Rule of construction.
Sec. 267. Major multi-user research facility project.

              Subtitle F--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 271. Modification to annual report of the Director of Operational 
          Test and Evaluation.
Sec. 272. Modification to Test Resource Management Center strategic plan 
          reporting cycle and contents.
Sec. 273. Modification of requirements relating to energetics plan to 
          include assessment of feasibility and advisability of 
          establishing a program office for energetics.
Sec. 274. Element in annual reports on cyber science and technology 
          activities on work with academic consortia on high priority 
          cybersecurity research activities in Department of Defense 
          capabilities.
Sec. 275. Repeal of quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting 
          Vehicle program.
Sec. 276. Microelectronics and national security.
Sec. 277. Independent evaluation of personal protective and diagnostic 
          testing equipment.
Sec. 278. Assessment on United States national security emerging 
          biotechnology efforts and capabilities and comparison with 
          adversaries.
Sec. 279. Annual reports regarding the SBIR program of the Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 280. Reports on F-35 physiological episodes and mitigation efforts.
Sec. 281. Review and report on next generation air dominance 
          capabilities.
Sec. 282. Plan for operational test and utility evaluation of systems 
          for Low-Cost Attributable Aircraft Technology program.
Sec. 283. Independent comparative analysis of efforts by China and the 
          United States to recruit and retain researchers in national 
          security-related and defense-related fields.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Clearinghouse for 
          review of mission obstructions.
Sec. 312. Readiness and Environmental Protection Integration Program.
Sec. 313. Extension of real-time sound monitoring at Navy installations 
          where tactical fighter aircraft operate.
Sec. 314. Modification of authority for environmental restoration 
          projects of National Guard.
Sec. 315. Modification of authority to carry out military installation 
          resilience projects.
Sec. 316. Energy resilience and energy security measures on military 
          installations.
Sec. 317. Modification to availability of energy cost savings for 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 318. Increased transparency through reporting on usage and spills 
          of aqueous film-forming foam at military installations.
Sec. 319. Native American lands environmental mitigation program.
Sec. 320. Study on alternatives to address impacts of transboundary 
          flows, spills, or discharges of pollution or debris from the 
          Tijuana River on personnel, activities, and installations of 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 321. Pilot program on alternative fuel vehicle purchasing.
Sec. 322. Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to operational 
          energy improvement.
Sec. 323. Assessment of Department of Defense operational energy usage.
Sec. 324. Improvement of the Operational Energy Capability Improvement 
          Fund of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 325. Five-year reviews of containment technologies relating to Red 
          Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
Sec. 326. Limitation on use of funds for acquisition of furnished energy 
          for Rhine Ordnance Barracks Army Medical Center.
Sec. 327. Requirement to update Department of Defense adaptation 
          roadmap.
Sec. 328. Department of Defense report on greenhouse gas emissions 
          levels.
Sec. 329. Objectives, performance standards, and criteria for use of 
          wildlife conservation banking programs.
Sec. 330. Prizes for development of non-PFAS-containing fire-fighting 
          agent.
Sec. 331. Survey of technologies for Department of Defense application 
          in phasing out the use of fluorinated aqueous film-forming 
          foam.
Sec. 332. Interagency body on research related to per- and 
          polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 333. Restriction on Department of Defense procurement of certain 
          items containing perfluorooctane sulfonate or 
          perfluorooctanoic acid.
Sec. 334. Research and development of alternative to aqueous film-
          forming foam.
Sec. 335. Notification to agricultural operations located in areas 
          exposed to Department of Defense PFAS use.
Sec. 336. Reporting on energy savings performance contracts.
Sec. 337. Increase in funding for Centers for Disease Control Study on 
          health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances 
          contamination in drinking water.
Sec. 338. Guaranteeing Equipment Safety for Firefighters Act of 2020.
Sec. 339. Assessment of Department of Defense excess property programs 
          with respect to need and wildfire risk.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 341. National Defense Sustainment and Logistics Review.
Sec. 342. Repeal of sunset for minimum annual purchase amount for 
          carriers participating in the Civil Reserve Air Fleet.
Sec. 343. Additional elements for inclusion in Navy ship depot 
          maintenance budget report.
Sec. 344. Clarification of limitation on length of overseas forward 
          deployment of currently deployed naval vessels.
Sec. 345. Independent advisory panel on weapon system sustainment.
Sec. 346. Biannual briefings on status of Shipyard Infrastructure 
          Optimization Plan.
Sec. 347. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives for major weapon 
          systems.
Sec. 348. Repeal of statutory requirement for notification to Director 
          of Defense Logistics Agency three years prior to implementing 
          changes to any uniform or uniform component.

               Subtitle D--Munitions Safety and Oversight

Sec. 351. Chair of Department of Defense explosive safety board.
Sec. 352. Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense Program.
Sec. 353. Assessment of resilience of Department of Defense munitions 
          enterprise.
Sec. 354. Report on safety waivers and mishaps in Department of Defense 
          munitions enterprise.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 361. Pilot program for temporary issuance of maternity-related 
          uniform items.
Sec. 362. Servicewomen's Commemorative Partnerships.
Sec. 363. Biodefense analysis and budget submission.
Sec. 364. Update of National Biodefense Implementation Plan.
Sec. 365. Plans and reports on emergency response training for military 
          installations.
Sec. 366. Inapplicability of congressional notification and dollar 
          limitation requirements for advance billings for certain 
          background investigations.
Sec. 367. Adjustment in availability of appropriations for unusual cost 
          overruns and for changes in scope of work.
Sec. 368. Requirement that Secretary of Defense implement security and 
          emergency response recommendations relating to active shooter 
          or terrorist attacks on installations of Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 369. Clarification of food ingredient requirements for food or 
          beverages provided by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 370. Commission on the naming of items of the Department of Defense 
          that commemorate the Confederate States of America or any 
          person who served voluntarily with the Confederate States of 
          America.

               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions to permanent active duty end strength minimum 
          levels.
Sec. 403. Modification of the authorized number and accounting method 
          for senior enlisted personnel.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
          Reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
          duty for operational support.
Sec. 415. Separate authorization by Congress of minimum end strengths 
          for non-temporary military technicians (dual status) and end 
          strengths for temporary military technicians (dual status).

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Authorized strengths of general and flag officers on active 
          duty.
Sec. 502. Temporary expansion of availability of enhanced constructive 
          service credit in a particular career field upon original 
          appointment as a commissioned officer.
Sec. 503. Diversity in selection boards.
Sec. 504. Requirement for promotion selection board recommendation of 
          higher placement on promotion list of officers of particular 
          merit.
Sec. 505. Special selection review boards for review of promotion of 
          officers subject to adverse information identified after 
          recommendation for promotion and related matters.
Sec. 506. Number of opportunities for consideration for promotion under 
          alternative promotion authority.
Sec. 507. Mandatory retirement for age.
Sec. 508. Clarifying and improving restatement of rules on the retired 
          grade of commissioned officers.
Sec. 509. Repeal of authority for original appointment of regular Navy 
          officers designated for engineering duty, aeronautical 
          engineering duty, and special duty.
Sec. 509A. Permanent programs on direct commissions to cyber positions.
Sec. 509B. Review of Seaman to Admiral-21 program.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Temporary authority to order retired members to active duty in 
          high-demand, low-density assignments during war or national 
          emergency.
Sec. 512. Expansion of Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps Program.
Sec. 513. Grants to support STEM education in the Junior Reserve 
          Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 514. Permanent suicide prevention and resilience program for the 
          reserve components.
Sec. 515. Modification of education loan repayment program for members 
          of Selected Reserve.
Sec. 516. Inclusion of drill or training foregone due to emergency 
          travel or duty restrictions in computations of entitlement to 
          and amounts of retired pay for non-regular service.
Sec. 517. Quarantine lodging for members of the reserve components who 
          perform certain service in response to the COVID-19 emergency.
Sec. 518. Direct employment pilot program for certain members of the 
          reserve components.
Sec. 519. Pilot programs authorized in connection with SROTC units and 
          CSPI programs at Historically Black Colleges and Universities 
          and minority institutions.
Sec. 519A. Report regarding full-time National Guard duty in response to 
          the COVID-19 pandemic.
Sec. 519B. Study and report on National Guard support to States 
          responding to major disasters.
Sec. 519C. Report on guidance for use of unmanned aircraft systems by 
          the National Guard.
Sec. 519D. Study and report on ROTC recruitment.

   Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                 Records

Sec. 521. Increased access to potential recruits.
Sec. 522. Sunset and transfer of functions of the Physical Disability 
          Board of Review.
Sec. 523. Honorary promotion matters.
Sec. 524. Exclusion of official photographs of members from records 
          furnished to promotion selection boards.
Sec. 525. Report regarding reviews of discharges and dismissals based on 
          sexual orientation.

 Subtitle D--Prevention and Response To Sexual Assault, Harassment, and 
                           Related Misconduct

Sec. 531. Modification of time required for expedited decisions in 
          connection with applications for change of station or unit 
          transfer of members who are victims of sexual assault or 
          related offenses.
Sec. 532. Confidential reporting of sexual harassment.
Sec. 533. Additional bases for provision of advice by the Defense 
          Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual Misconduct.
Sec. 534. Additional matters for 2021 report of the Defense Advisory 
          Committee for the Prevention of Sexual Misconduct.
Sec. 535. Inclusion of advisory duties on the Coast Guard Academy among 
          duties of Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention of 
          Sexual Misconduct.
Sec. 536. Modification of reporting and data collection on victims of 
          sexual offenses.
Sec. 537. Modification of annual report regarding sexual assaults 
          involving members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 538. Coordination of support for survivors of sexual trauma.
Sec. 539. Policy for military service academies on separation of alleged 
          victims and alleged perpetrators in incidents of sexual 
          assault.
Sec. 539A. Safe-to-report policy applicable across the Armed Forces.
Sec. 539B. Accountability of leadership of the Department of Defense for 
          discharging the sexual harassment policies and programs of the 
          Department.
Sec. 539C. Reports on status of investigations of alleged sex-related 
          offenses.
Sec. 539D. Report on ability of Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and 
          Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Victim Advocates to 
          perform duties.
Sec. 539E. Briefing on Special Victims' Counsel program.
Sec. 539F. Briefing on placement of members of the Armed Forces in 
          academic status who are victims of sexual assault onto Non-
          Rated Periods.

          Subtitle E--Military Justice and Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Right to notice of victims of offenses under the Uniform Code 
          of Military Justice regarding certain post-trial motions, 
          filings, and hearings.
Sec. 542. Qualifications of judges and standard of review for Courts of 
          Criminal Appeals.
Sec. 543. Preservation of court-martial records.
Sec. 544. Availability of records for National Instant Criminal 
          Background Check System.
Sec. 545. Removal of personally identifying and other information of 
          certain persons from investigative reports, the Department of 
          Defense Central Index of Investigations, and other records and 
          databases.
Sec. 546. Briefing on mental health support for vicarious trauma for 
          certain personnel in the military justice system.
Sec. 547. Comptroller General of the United States report on 
          implementation by the Armed Forces of recent GAO 
          recommendations and statutory requirements on assessment of 
          racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in the military justice 
          system.
Sec. 548. Legal assistance for veterans and surviving spouses and 
          dependents.
Sec. 549. Clarification of termination of leases of premises and motor 
          vehicles of servicemembers who incur catastrophic injury or 
          illness or die while in military service.
Sec. 549A. Multidisciplinary board to evaluate suicide events.
Sec. 549B. Improvements to Department of Defense tracking of and 
          response to incidents of child abuse, adult crimes against 
          children, and serious harmful behavior between children and 
          youth involving military dependents on military installations.
Sec. 549C. Independent analysis and recommendations on domestic violence 
          in the Armed Forces.

                   Subtitle F--Diversity and Inclusion

Sec. 551. Diversity and inclusion reporting requirements and related 
          matters.
Sec. 552. National emergency exception for timing requirements with 
          respect to certain surveys of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 553. Questions regarding racism, anti-Semitism, and supremacism in 
          workplace surveys administered by the Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 554. Inspector General oversight of diversity and inclusion in 
          Department of Defense; supremacist, extremist, or criminal 
          gang activity in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 555. Policy to improve responses to pregnancy and childbirth by 
          certain members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 556. Training on certain Department of Defense instructions for 
          members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 557. Evaluation of barriers to minority participation in certain 
          units of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 558. Comptroller General of the United States report on equal 
          opportunity at the military service academies.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 561. Extension of time to review World War I Valor Medals.
Sec. 562. Authorizations for certain awards.
Sec. 563. Feasibility study on establishment of service medal for 
          radiation-exposed veterans.
Sec. 564. Expressing support for the designation of Silver Star Service 
          Banner Day.

   Subtitle H--Member Education, Training, Transition, and Resilience

Sec. 571. Mentorship and career counseling program for officers to 
          improve diversity in military leadership.
Sec. 572. Expansion of Skillbridge program to include the Coast Guard.
Sec. 573. Increase in number of permanent professors at the United 
          States Air Force Academy.
Sec. 574. Additional elements with 2021 and 2022 certifications on the 
          Ready, Relevant Learning initiative of the Navy.
Sec. 575. Information on nominations and applications for military 
          service academies.
Sec. 576. Report on potential improvements to certain military 
          educational institutions of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 577. College of International Security Affairs of the National 
          Defense University.
Sec. 578. Improvements to the Credentialing Opportunities On-Line 
          programs of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 579. GAO study regarding transferability of military certifications 
          to civilian occupational licenses and certifications.
Sec. 579A. Report regarding county, Tribal, and local veterans service 
          officers.

     Subtitle I--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

Sec. 581. Family readiness: definitions; communication strategy; review; 
          report.
Sec. 582. Improvements to Exceptional Family Member Program.
Sec. 583. Support services for members of special operations forces and 
          immediate family members.
Sec. 584. Responsibility for allocation of certain funds for military 
          child development programs.
Sec. 585. Military child care and child development center matters.
Sec. 586. Expansion of financial assistance under My Career Advancement 
          Account program.
Sec. 587. Improvements to partner criteria of the Military Spouse 
          Employment Partnership Program.
Sec. 588. 24-hour child care.
Sec. 589. Pilot program to provide financial assistance to members of 
          the Armed Forces for in-home child care.
Sec. 589A. Certain assistance to local educational agencies that benefit 
          dependents of military and civilian personnel.
Sec. 589B. Staffing of Department of Defense Education Activity schools 
          to maintain maximum student-to-teacher ratios.
Sec. 589C. Pilot program to expand eligibility for enrollment at 
          domestic dependent elementary and secondary schools.
Sec. 589D. Pilot program on expanded eligibility for Department of 
          Defense Education Activity Virtual High School program.
Sec. 589E. Training program regarding foreign malign influence 
          campaigns.
Sec. 589F. Study on cyberexploitation and online deception of members of 
          the Armed Forces and their families.
Sec. 589G. Matters relating to education for military dependent students 
          with special needs.
Sec. 589H. Studies and reports on the performance of the Department of 
          Defense Education Activity.

                  Subtitle J--Other Matters and Reports

Sec. 591. Expansion of Department of Defense STARBASE Program.
Sec. 592. Inclusion of certain outlying areas in the Department of 
          Defense STARBASE Program.
Sec. 593. Postponement of conditional designation of Explosive Ordnance 
          Disposal Corps as a basic branch of the Army.
Sec. 594. Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery Test special 
          purpose adjunct to address computational thinking.
Sec. 595. Extension of reporting deadline for the annual report on the 
          assessment of the effectiveness of activities of the Federal 
          Voting Assistance Program.
Sec. 596. Plan on performance of funeral honors details by members of 
          other Armed Forces when members of the Armed Force of the 
          deceased are unavailable.
Sec. 597. Study on financial impacts of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 on 
          members of the Armed Forces and best practices to prevent 
          future financial hardships.
Sec. 598. Limitation on implementation of Army Combat Fitness Test.
Sec. 599. Semiannual reports on implementation of recommendations of the 
          Comprehensive Review of Special Operations Forces Culture and 
          Ethics.
Sec. 599A. Report on impact of children of certain Filipino World War II 
          veterans on national security, foreign policy, and economic 
          and humanitarian interests of the United States.

                     TITLE VI--MILITARY COMPENSATION

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Increase in basic pay.
Sec. 602. Compensation and credit for retired pay purposes for maternity 
          leave taken by members of the reserve components.
Sec. 603. Provision of information regarding SCRA to members who receive 
          basic allowance for housing.
Sec. 604. Reorganization of certain allowances other than travel and 
          transportation allowances.
Sec. 605. Expansion of travel and transportation allowances to include 
          fares and tolls.
Sec. 606. One-time uniform allowance for officers who transfer to the 
          Space Force.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
          authorities.
Sec. 612. Increase in special and incentive pays for officers in health 
          professions.
Sec. 613. Increase in certain hazardous duty incentive pay for members 
          of the uniformed services.
Sec. 614. Payment of hazardous duty incentive pay for members of the 
          uniformed services.
Sec. 615. Clarification of 30 days of continuous duty on board a ship 
          required for family separation allowance for members of the 
          uniformed services.

    Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Family and Survivor 
                                Benefits

Sec. 621. Modernization and clarification of payment of certain Reserves 
          while on duty.
Sec. 622. Restatement and clarification of authority to reimburse 
          members for spouse relicensing costs pursuant to a permanent 
          change of station.
Sec. 623. Expansion of death gratuity for ROTC graduates.
Sec. 624. Expansion of assistance for Gold Star spouses and other 
          dependents.
Sec. 625. Gold Star Families Parks Pass.
Sec. 626. Recalculation of financial assistance for providers of child 
          care services and youth program services for dependents.
Sec. 627. Priority for certain military family housing to a member of 
          the Armed Forces whose spouse agrees to provide family home 
          day care services.
Sec. 628. Study on feasibility and advisability of TSP contributions by 
          military spouses.
Sec. 629. Report on implications of expansion of authority to provide 
          financial assistance to civilian providers of child care 
          services or youth program services for survivors of members of 
          the Armed Forces who die in the line of duty.
Sec. 629A. Report on extension of commissary and exchange benefits for 
          surviving remarried spouses with dependent children of members 
          of the Armed Forces who die while on active duty or certain 
          reserve duty.

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

Sec. 631. Base responders essential needs and dining access.
Sec. 632. First responder access to mobile exchanges.
Sec. 633. Updated business case analysis for consolidation of the 
          defense resale system.

             Subtitle E--Other Personnel Rights and Benefits

Sec. 641. Approval of certain activities by retired and reserve members 
          of the uniformed services.
Sec. 642. Permanent authority for and enhancement of the Government 
          lodging program.
Sec. 643. Operation of Stars and Stripes.

                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Improvement to breast cancer screening.
Sec. 702. Waiver of fees charged to certain civilians for emergency 
          medical treatment provided at military medical treatment 
          facilities.
Sec. 703. Authority for Secretary of Defense to manage provider type 
          referral and supervision requirements under TRICARE program.
Sec. 704. Expansion of benefits available under TRICARE Extended Care 
          Health Option program.
Sec. 705. Sale of hearing aids for dependents of certain members of the 
          reserve components.
Sec. 706. Pilot program on receipt of non-generic prescription 
          maintenance medications under TRICARE pharmacy benefits 
          program.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Repeal of administration of TRICARE dental plans through 
          Federal Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program.
Sec. 712. Protection of the Armed Forces from infectious diseases.
Sec. 713. Inclusion of drugs, biological products, and critical medical 
          supplies in national security strategy for national technology 
          and industrial base.
Sec. 714. Contract authority of the Uniformed Services University of the 
          Health Sciences.
Sec. 715. Membership of Board of Regents of Uniformed Services 
          University of the Health Sciences.
Sec. 716. Temporary exemption for Uniformed Services University of the 
          Health Sciences from certain Paperwork Reduction Act 
          requirements.
Sec. 717. Modification to limitation on the realignment or reduction of 
          military medical manning end strength.
Sec. 718. Modifications to implementation plan for restructure or 
          realignment of military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 719. Policy to address prescription opioid safety.
Sec. 720. Addition of burn pit registration and other information to 
          electronic health records of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 721. Inclusion of information on exposure to open burn pits in 
          postdeployment health reassessments.

                Subtitle C--Matters Relating to COVID-19

Sec. 731. COVID-19 military health system review panel.
Sec. 732. Department of Defense pandemic preparedness.
Sec. 733. Transitional health benefits for certain members of the 
          National Guard serving under orders in response to the 
          coronavirus (COVID-19).
Sec. 734. Registry of certain TRICARE beneficiaries diagnosed with 
          COVID-19.
Sec. 735. Health assessments of veterans diagnosed with pandemic 
          diseases to determine exposure to open burn pits and toxic 
          airborne chemicals.
Sec. 736. Comptroller General study on delivery of mental health 
          services to members of the Armed Forces during the COVID-19 
          pandemic.

                  Subtitle D--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 741. Modifications to pilot program on civilian and military 
          partnerships to enhance interoperability and medical surge 
          capability and capacity of National Disaster Medical System.
Sec. 742. Reports on suicide among members of the Armed Forces and 
          suicide prevention programs and activities of the Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 743. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
          Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration 
          Fund.
Sec. 744. Military Health System Clinical Quality Management Program.
Sec. 745. Wounded Warrior Service Dog Program.
Sec. 746. Extramedical maternal health providers demonstration project.
Sec. 747. Briefing on diet and nutrition of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 748. Audit of medical conditions of residents in privatized 
          military housing.
Sec. 749. Assessment of receipt by civilians of emergency medical 
          treatment at military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 750. Study on the incidence of cancer diagnosis and mortality among 
          military aviators and aviation support personnel.
Sec. 751. Study on exposure to toxic substances at Karshi-Khanabad Air 
          Base, Uzbekistan.
Sec. 752. Review and report on prevention of suicide among members of 
          the Armed Forces stationed at remote installations outside the 
          contiguous United States.
Sec. 753. Study on medevac helicopters and ambulances at certain 
          military installations.
Sec. 754. Comptroller General study on prenatal and postpartum mental 
          health conditions among members of the Armed Forces and their 
          dependents.
Sec. 755. Report on lapses in TRICARE coverage for members of the 
          National Guard and reserve components.
Sec. 756. Study and report on increasing telehealth services across 
          Armed Forces.
Sec. 757. Study on force mix options and service models to enhance 
          readiness of medical force of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 758. Report on billing practices for health care from Department of 
          Defense.

 Subtitle E--Mental Health Services From Department of Veterans Affairs 
                    for Members of Reserve Components

Sec. 761. Short title.
Sec. 762. Expansion of eligibility for readjustment counseling and 
          related outpatient services from Department of Veterans 
          Affairs to include members of reserve components of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 763. Provision of mental health services from Department of 
          Veterans Affairs to members of reserve components of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 764. Inclusion of members of reserve components in mental health 
          programs of Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 765. Report on mental health and related services provided by 
          Department of Veterans Affairs to members of the Armed Forces.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Report on acquisition risk assessment and mitigation as part 
          of Adaptive Acquisition Framework implementation.
Sec. 802. Improving planning, execution, and oversight of life cycle 
          sustainment activities.
Sec. 803. Disclosures for offerors for certain shipbuilding major 
          defense acquisition program contracts.
Sec. 804. Implementation of modular open systems approaches.
Sec. 805. Congressional notification of termination of a middle tier 
          acquisition program.
Sec. 806. Definition of material weakness for contractor business 
          systems.
Sec. 807. Space system acquisition and the adaptive acquisition 
          framework.
Sec. 808. Acquisition authority of the Director of the Joint Artificial 
          Intelligence Center.
Sec. 809. Assessments of the process for developing capability 
          requirements for Department of Defense acquisition programs.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 811. Sustainment reform for the Department of Defense.
Sec. 812. Inclusion of software in Government performance of acquisition 
          functions.
Sec. 813. Modifications to Comptroller General assessment of acquisition 
          programs and related initiatives.
Sec. 814. Cost or pricing data reporting requirements for Department of 
          Defense contracts.
Sec. 815. Prompt payment of contractors.
Sec. 816. Documentation pertaining to commercial item determinations.
Sec. 817. Modification to small purchase threshold exception to sourcing 
          requirements for certain articles.
Sec. 818. Repeal of program for qualified apprentices for military 
          construction contracts.
Sec. 819. Modifications to mitigating risks related to foreign 
          ownership, control, or influence of Department of Defense 
          contractors and subcontractors.
Sec. 820. Contract closeout authority for services contracts.
Sec. 821. Revision of proof required when using an evaluation factor for 
          employing or subcontracting with members of the Selected 
          Reserve.

       Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Software and Technology

Sec. 831. Contract authority for development and demonstration of 
          initial or additional prototype units.
Sec. 832. Extension of pilot program for streamlined awards for 
          innovative technology programs.
Sec. 833. Listing of other transaction authority consortia.
Sec. 834. Pilot program on the use of consumption-based solutions to 
          address software-intensive warfighting capability.
Sec. 835. Balancing security and innovation in software development and 
          acquisition.
Sec. 836. Digital modernization of analytical and decision-support 
          processes for managing and overseeing Department of Defense 
          acquisition programs.
Sec. 837. Safeguarding defense-sensitive United States intellectual 
          property, technology, and other data and information.
Sec. 838. Comptroller General report on implementation of software 
          acquisition reforms.
Sec. 839. Comptroller General report on intellectual property 
          acquisition and licensing.

                   Subtitle D--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 841. Additional requirements pertaining to printed circuit boards.
Sec. 842. Report on nonavailability determinations and quarterly 
          national technology and industrial base briefings.
Sec. 843. Modification of framework for modernizing acquisition 
          processes to ensure integrity of industrial base and inclusion 
          of optical transmission components.
Sec. 844. Expansion on the prohibition on acquiring certain metal 
          products.
Sec. 845. Miscellaneous limitations on the procurement of goods other 
          than United States goods.
Sec. 846. Improving implementation of policy pertaining to the national 
          technology and industrial base.
Sec. 847. Report and limitation on the availability of funds relating to 
          eliminating the gaps and vulnerabilities in the national 
          technology and industrial base.
Sec. 848. Supply of strategic and critical materials for the Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 849. Analyses of certain activities for action to address sourcing 
          and industrial capacity.
Sec. 850. Implementation of recommendations for assessing and 
          strengthening the manufacturing and defense industrial base 
          and supply chain resiliency.
Sec. 851. Report on strategic and critical materials.
Sec. 852. Report on aluminum refining, processing, and manufacturing.

                   Subtitle E--Small Business Matters

Sec. 861. Initiatives to support small businesses in the national 
          technology and industrial base.
Sec. 862. Transfer of verification of small business concerns owned and 
          controlled by veterans or service-disabled veterans to the 
          Small Business Administration.
Sec. 863. Employment size standard requirements for small business 
          concerns.
Sec. 864. Maximum award price for sole source manufacturing contracts.
Sec. 865. Reporting requirement on expenditure amounts for the Small 
          Business Innovation Research Program and the Small Business 
          Technology Transfer Program.
Sec. 866. Small businesses in territories of the United States.
Sec. 867. Eligibility of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
          Islands for certain Small Business Administration programs.
Sec. 868. Past performance ratings of certain small business concerns.
Sec. 869. Extension of participation in 8(a) program.
Sec. 870. Compliance of Offices of Small Business and Disadvantaged 
          Business Utilization.
Sec. 871. Category management training.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 881. Review of and report on overdue acquisition and cross-
          servicing agreement transactions.
Sec. 882. Domestic comparative testing activities.
Sec. 883. Prohibition on awarding of contracts to contractors that 
          require nondisclosure agreements relating to waste, fraud, or 
          abuse.
Sec. 884. Program management improvement officers and program management 
          policy council.
Sec. 885. Disclosure of beneficial owners in database for Federal agency 
          contract and grant officers.
Sec. 886. Repeal of pilot program on payment of costs for denied 
          Government Accountability Office bid protests.
Sec. 887. Amendments to submissions to Congress relating to certain 
          foreign military sales.
Sec. 888. Revision to requirement to use firm fixed-price contracts for 
          foreign military sales.
Sec. 889. Assessment and enhancement of national security innovation 
          base.
Sec. 890. Identification of certain contracts relating to construction 
          or maintenance of a border wall.
Sec. 891. Waivers of certain conditions for progress payments under 
          certain contracts during the COVID-19 national emergency.

       TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Repeal of position of Chief Management Officer of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 902. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low 
          Intensity Conflict and related matters.
Sec. 903. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Industrial Base Policy.
Sec. 904. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy, Installations, and 
          Environment.
Sec. 905. Office of Local Defense Community Cooperation.
Sec. 906. Input from the Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau to the 
          Joint Requirements Oversight Council.
Sec. 907. Assignment of responsibility for the Arctic region within the 
          Office of the Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 908. Modernization of process used by the Department of Defense to 
          identify, task, and manage Congressional reporting 
          requirements.

  Subtitle B--Other Department of Defense Organization and Management 
                                 Matters

Sec. 911. Reform of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 912. Limitation on reduction of civilian workforce.
Sec. 913. Chief Diversity Officer and Senior Advisors for Diversity and 
          Inclusion.
Sec. 914. Limitation on consolidation or transition to alternative 
          content delivery methods within the Defense Media Activity.

                     Subtitle C--Space Force Matters

Sec. 921. Office of the Chief of Space Operations.
Sec. 922. Clarification of Space Force and Chief of Space Operations 
          authorities.
Sec. 923. Amendments to Department of the Air Force provisions in title 
          10, United States Code.
Sec. 924. Amendments to other provisions of title 10, United States 
          Code.
Sec. 925. Amendments to provisions of law relating to pay and 
          allowances.
Sec. 926. Amendments to provisions of law relating to veterans' 
          benefits.
Sec. 927. Amendments to other provisions of the United States Code and 
          other laws.
Sec. 928. Applicability to other provisions of law.
Sec. 929. Temporary exemption from authorized daily average of members 
          in pay grades E-8 and E-9.
Sec. 930. Limitation on transfer of military installations to the 
          jurisdiction of the Space Force.
Sec. 931. Organization of the Space Force.

                       TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Budget materials for special operations forces.
Sec. 1003. Application of Financial Improvement and Audit Remediation 
          Plan to fiscal years following fiscal year 2020.
Sec. 1004. Incentives for the achievement by the components of the 
          Department of Defense of unqualified audit opinions on the 
          financial statements.
Sec. 1005. Audit readiness and remediation.
Sec. 1006. Addition of Chief of the National Guard Bureau to the list of 
          officers providing reports of unfunded priorities.

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

Sec. 1011. Quarterly reports on Department of Defense support provided 
          to other United States agencies for counterdrug activities and 
          activities to counter transnational organized crime.

                        Subtitle C--Naval Vessels

Sec. 1021. Limitation on availability of certain funds without naval 
          vessels plan and certification.
Sec. 1022. Limitations on use of funds in National Defense Sealift Fund 
          for purchase of foreign constructed vessels.
Sec. 1023. Use of National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund for incrementally 
          funded contracts to provide full funding for Columbia class 
          submarines.
Sec. 1024. Preference for United States vessels in transporting supplies 
          by sea.
Sec. 1025. Restrictions on overhaul, repair, etc. of naval vessels in 
          foreign shipyards.
Sec. 1026. Biennial report on shipbuilder training and the defense 
          industrial base.
Sec. 1027. Modification of waiver authority on prohibition on use of 
          funds for retirement of certain legacy maritime mine 
          countermeasure platforms.
Sec. 1028. Extension of authority for reimbursement of expenses for 
          certain Navy mess operations afloat.
Sec. 1029. Working group on stabilization of Navy shipbuilding 
          industrial base workforce.
Sec. 1030. Limitation on naval force structure changes.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1041. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
          release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
          Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States.
Sec. 1042. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to construct or 
          modify facilities in the United States to house detainees 
          transferred from United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
          Cuba.
Sec. 1043. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
          release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
          Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.
Sec. 1044. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to close or 
          relinquish control of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
          Bay, Cuba.

          Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1051. Support of special operations to combat terrorism.
Sec. 1052. Expenditure of funds for Department of Defense clandestine 
          activities that support operational preparation of the 
          environment.
Sec. 1053. Sale or donation of excess Department of Defense personal 
          property for law enforcement activities.
Sec. 1054. Prohibition on retirement of nuclear powered aircraft 
          carriers before first refueling.
Sec. 1055. Reauthorization of National Oceanographic Partnership 
          Program.
Sec. 1056. Modification and technical correction to Department of 
          Defense authority to provide assistance along the southern 
          land border of the United States.
Sec. 1057. Limitation on use of funds for retirement of A-10 aircraft.
Sec. 1058. Considerations relating to permanently basing United States 
          equipment or additional forces in host countries with at-risk 
          vendors in 5G or 6G networks.
Sec. 1059. Public availability of Department of Defense legislative 
          proposals.
Sec. 1060. Arctic planning, research, and development.
Sec. 1061. Authority to establish a movement coordination center pacific 
          in the Indo-Pacific region.
Sec. 1062. Limitation on provision of funds to institutions of higher 
          education hosting Confucius Institutes.
Sec. 1063. Support for national maritime heritage grants program.
Sec. 1064. Requirements for use of Federal law enforcement personnel, 
          active duty members of the Armed Forces, and National Guard 
          personnel in support of Federal authorities to respond to 
          civil disturbances.

                     Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1071. FFRDC study of explosive ordnance disposal agencies.
Sec. 1072. Study on force structure for Marine Corps aviation.
Sec. 1073. Report on joint training range exercises for the Pacific 
          region.
Sec. 1074. Reports on threats to United States forces from small 
          unmanned aircraft systems worldwide.
Sec. 1075. Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) reports on improving 
          the budget justification and related materials of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 1076. Quarterly briefings on Joint All Domain Command and Control 
          effort.
Sec. 1077. Report on civilian casualty resourcing and authorities.
Sec. 1078. Comptroller General Review of Department of Defense efforts 
          to prevent resale of goods manufactured by forced labor in 
          commissaries and exchanges.
Sec. 1079. Comptroller General report on Department of Defense processes 
          for responding to congressional reporting requirements.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Reporting of adverse events relating to consumer products on 
          military installations.
Sec. 1083. Modification to First Division monument.
Sec. 1084. Sense of Congress regarding reporting of civilian casualties 
          resulting from United States military operations.
Sec. 1085. Deployment of real-time status of special use airspace.
Sec. 1086.  Duties of Secretary under uniformed and overseas citizens 
          absentee voting act.
Sec. 1087. Mitigation of military helicopter noise.
Sec. 1088. Congressional expression of support for designation of 
          National Borinqueneers Day.
Sec. 1089. Ted Stevens Center for Arctic Security Studies.
Sec. 1090. Establishment of vetting procedures and monitoring 
          requirements for certain military training.
Sec. 1091. Personal protective equipment matters.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

Sec. 1101. Department of Defense policy on unclassified workspaces and 
          job functions of personnel with pending security clearances.
Sec. 1102. Enhancement of public-private talent exchange programs in the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 1103. Paid parental leave technical corrections.
Sec. 1104. Authority to provide travel and transportation allowances in 
          connection with transfer ceremonies of certain civilian 
          employees who die overseas.
Sec. 1105. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation on 
          premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for Federal 
          civilian employees working overseas.
Sec. 1106. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
          allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian personnel on 
          official duty in a combat zone.
Sec. 1107. Civilian faculty at the Defense Security Cooperation 
          University and Institute of Security Governance.
Sec. 1108. Temporary authority to appoint retired members of the Armed 
          Forces to positions in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1109. Fire fighters alternative work schedule demonstration project 
          for the Navy Region Mid-Atlantic Fire and Emergency Services.
Sec. 1110. Special rules for certain monthly workers' compensation 
          payments and other payments for Federal Government personnel 
          under chief of mission authority.
Sec. 1111. Temporary increase in limitation on accumulation of annual 
          leave for Executive branch employees.
Sec. 1112. Telework travel expenses program of the United States Patent 
          and Trademark Office.
Sec. 1113. Extension of rate of overtime pay authority for Department of 
          the Navy employees performing work aboard or dockside in 
          support of the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier forward 
          deployed in Japan.
Sec. 1114. Enhanced pay authority for certain acquisition and technology 
          positions in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1115. Enhanced pay authority for certain research and technology 
          positions in the science and technology reinvention 
          laboratories of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1116. Extension of enhanced appointment and compensation authority 
          for civilian personnel for care and treatment of wounded and 
          injured members of the armed forces.
Sec. 1117. Expansion of direct hire authority for certain Department of 
          Defense personnel to include installation military housing 
          office positions supervising privatized military housing.
Sec. 1118. Extension of sunset of inapplicability of certification of 
          executive qualifications by qualification certification review 
          board of office of personnel management for initial 
          appointments to senior executive service positions in 
          department of defense.
Sec. 1119. Pilot program on enhanced pay authority for certain high-
          level management positions in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1120. Recruitment incentives for placement at remote locations.
Sec. 1121. Technical amendments regarding reimbursement of Federal, 
          State, and local income taxes incurred during travel, 
          transportation, and relocation.

 Subtitle B--Elijah E. Cummings Federal Employee Antidiscrimination Act 
                                 of 2020

Sec. 1131. Short title.
Sec. 1132. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 1133. Notification of violation.
Sec. 1134. Reporting requirements.
Sec. 1135. Data to be posted by employing Federal agencies.
Sec. 1136. Data to be posted by the Equal Employment Opportunity 
          Commission.
Sec. 1137. Notification and Federal Employee Antidiscrimination and 
          Retaliation Act of 2002 amendments.
Sec. 1138. Nondisclosure agreement limitation.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                   Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Authority to build capacity for additional operations.
Sec. 1202. Participation in European program on multilateral exchange of 
          surface transportation services.
Sec. 1203. Participation in programs relating to coordination or 
          exchange of air refueling and air transportation services.
Sec. 1204. Reciprocal patient movement agreements.
Sec. 1205. Modification to the Inter-European Air Forces Academy.
Sec. 1206. Modification of authority for participation in multinational 
          centers of excellence.
Sec. 1207. Modification and extension of support of special operations 
          for irregular warfare.
Sec. 1208. Extension of authority to transfer excess high mobility 
          multipurpose wheeled vehicles to foreign countries.
Sec. 1209. Modification and extension of update of Department of Defense 
          Freedom of Navigation Report.
Sec. 1210. Extension and modification of authority to support border 
          security operations of certain foreign countries.
Sec. 1210A. Extension of Department of Defense support for stabilization 
          activities in national security interest of the United States.
Sec. 1210B. Extension of report on workforce development.
Sec. 1210C. Plan to increase participation in international military 
          education and training programs.
Sec. 1210D. Mitigation and prevention of atrocities in high-risk 
          countries.
Sec. 1210E. Implementation of the Women, Peace, and Security Act of 
          2017.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
          certain coalition nations for support provided to United 
          States military operations.
Sec. 1212. Extension of the Afghan Special Immigrant Visa Program.
Sec. 1213. Extension and modification of support for reconciliation 
          activities led by the Government of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1214. Extension and modification of Commanders' Emergency Response 
          Program.
Sec. 1215. Limitation on use of funds to reduce deployment to 
          Afghanistan.
Sec. 1216. Modifications to immunity from seizure under judicial process 
          of cultural objects.
Sec. 1217. Congressional oversight of United States talks with Taliban 
          officials and Afghanistan's comprehensive peace process.
Sec. 1218. Strategy for post-conflict engagement on human rights in 
          Afghanistan.
Sec. 1219. Modification to report on enhancing security and stability in 
          Afghanistan.
Sec. 1220. Report on Operation Freedom's Sentinel.

          Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1221. Extension and modification of authority to provide assistance 
          to counter the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
Sec. 1222. Extension and modification of authority to provide assistance 
          to vetted Syrian groups and individuals.
Sec. 1223. Extension and modification of authority to support operations 
          and activities of the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1224. Prohibition on provision of weapons and other forms of 
          support to certain organizations.
Sec. 1225. Report and budget details regarding Operation Spartan Shield.

                 Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Russia

Sec. 1231. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
          United States and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1232. Matters relating to United States participation in the Open 
          Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1233. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
          of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 1234. Annual report on military and security developments involving 
          the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1235. Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance 
          Initiative.
Sec. 1236. Report on capability and capacity requirements of military 
          forces of Ukraine and resource plan for security assistance.
Sec. 1237. Report on Russian Federation support of racially and 
          ethnically motivated violent extremists.
Sec. 1238. Authorization of rewards for providing information on foreign 
          election interference.

             Subtitle E--Matters Relating to Europe and NATO

Sec. 1241. Determination and imposition of sanctions with respect to 
          Turkey's acquisition of the S-400 air defense system.
Sec. 1242. Clarification and expansion of sanctions relating to 
          construction of Nord Stream 2 or TurkStream pipeline projects.
Sec. 1243. Extension of authority for training for Eastern European 
          national security forces in the course of multilateral 
          exercises.
Sec. 1244. Sense of Congress on support for the North Atlantic Treaty 
          Organization.
Sec. 1245. Limitation on United States force structure reductions in 
          Germany.
Sec. 1246. Report on United States military force posture in 
          Southeastern Europe.
Sec. 1247. Sense of Congress on support for coordinated action to ensure 
          the security of Baltic allies.
Sec. 1248. Sense of Congress on the role of the Kosovo Force of the 
          North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

         Subtitle F--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

Sec. 1251. Pacific Deterrence Initiative.
Sec. 1252. Extension and modification of prohibition on commercial 
          export of certain covered munitions items to the Hong Kong 
          Police Force.
Sec. 1253. Authority to transfer funds for Bien Hoa dioxin cleanup.
Sec. 1254. Cooperative program with Vietnam to account for Vietnamese 
          personnel missing in action.
Sec. 1255. Sense of Congress on the United States-Vietnam defense 
          relationship.
Sec. 1256. Pilot program to improve cyber cooperation with Vietnam, 
          Thailand, and Indonesia.
Sec. 1257. Report on the costs most directly associated with the 
          stationing of the Armed Forces in Japan.
Sec. 1258. Limitation on use of funds to reduce the total number of 
          members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty who are 
          deployed to South Korea.
Sec. 1259. Implementation of GAO recommendations on preparedness of 
          United States forces to counter North Korean chemical and 
          biological weapons.
Sec. 1260. Statement of policy and sense of Congress on the Taiwan 
          Relations Act.
Sec. 1260A. Annual briefing on Taiwan arms sales.
Sec. 1260B. Report on United States-Taiwan medical security partnership.
Sec. 1260C. Establishment of capabilities to assess the defense 
          technological and industrial bases of China and other foreign 
          adversaries.
Sec. 1260D. Extension of annual report on military and security 
          developments involving the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1260E. Sense of Congress on the aggression of the Government of 
          China along the border with India and its growing territorial 
          claims.
Sec. 1260F. Assessment of National Cyber Strategy to deter China from 
          engaging in industrial espionage and cyber theft.
Sec. 1260G. Report on United Front Work Department.
Sec. 1260H. Public reporting of Chinese military companies operating in 
          the United States.
Sec. 1260I. Report on directed use of fishing fleets.

  Subtitle G--Sudan Democratic Transition, Accountability, and Fiscal 
                        Transparency Act of 2020

Sec. 1261. Short title.
Sec. 1262. Definitions.
Sec. 1263. Statement of policy.
Sec. 1264. Support for democratic governance, rule of law, human rights, 
          and fundamental freedoms.
Sec. 1265. Support for development programs.
Sec. 1266. Support for conflict mitigation.
Sec. 1267. Support for accountability for war crimes, crimes against 
          humanity, and genocide in Sudan.
Sec. 1268. Suspension of assistance.
Sec. 1269. Multilateral assistance.
Sec. 1270. Coordinated support to recover assets stolen from the 
          Sudanese people.
Sec. 1270A. Limitation on assistance to the Sudanese security and 
          intelligence services.
Sec. 1270B. Reports.
Sec. 1270C. United States strategy for support to a civilian-led 
          government in Sudan.
Sec. 1270D. Amendments to the Darfur Peace and Accountability Act of 
          2006.
Sec. 1270E. Repeal of Sudan Peace Act and the Comprehensive Peace in 
          Sudan Act.

 Subtitle H--United States Israel Security Assistance Authorization Act 
                                 of 2020

Sec. 1271. Short title.
Sec. 1272. Sense of Congress on United States-Israel relationship.
Sec. 1273. Security assistance for Israel.
Sec. 1274. Extension of war reserves stockpile authority.
Sec. 1275. Rules governing the transfer of precision-guided munitions to 
          Israel above the annual restriction.
Sec. 1276. Eligibility of Israel for the strategic trade authorization 
          exception to certain export control licensing requirements.
Sec. 1277. United States Agency for International Development memoranda 
          of understanding to enhance cooperation with Israel.
Sec. 1278. Cooperative projects among the United States, Israel, and 
          developing countries.
Sec. 1279. Joint cooperative program related to innovation and high-tech 
          for the Middle East region.
Sec. 1280. Cooperation on directed energy capabilities.
Sec. 1280A. Other matters of cooperation.
Sec. 1280B. Appropriate congressional committees defined.

               Subtitle I--Global Child Thrive Act of 2020

Sec. 1281. Short title.
Sec. 1282. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 1283. Assistance to improve early childhood outcomes globally.
Sec. 1284. Special advisor for assistance to orphans and vulnerable 
          children.
Sec. 1285. Rule of construction.

       Subtitle J--Matters Relating to Africa and the Middle East

Sec. 1291. Briefing and report relating to reduction in the total number 
          of United States Armed Forces deployed to United States Africa 
          Command area of responsibility.
Sec. 1292. Notification with respect to withdrawal of members of the 
          Armed Forces participating in the Multinational Force and 
          Observers in Egypt.
Sec. 1293. Report on enhancing security partnerships between the United 
          States and African countries.
Sec. 1294. Plan to address gross violations of human rights and civilian 
          harm in Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, and Niger.
Sec. 1295. Statement of policy and report relating to the conflict in 
          Yemen.
Sec. 1296. Report on United States military support of the Saudi-led 
          coalition in Yemen.
Sec. 1297. Sense of Congress on payment of amounts owed by Kuwait to 
          United States medical institutions.

                        Subtitle K--Other Matters

Sec. 1299A. Provision of goods and services at Kwajalein Atoll, Republic 
          of the Marshall Islands.
Sec. 1299B. Report on contributions received from designated countries.
Sec. 1299C. Modification to initiative to support protection of national 
          security academic researchers from undue influence and other 
          security threats.
Sec. 1299D. Extension of authorization of non-conventional assisted 
          recovery capabilities.
Sec. 1299E. Annual briefings on certain foreign military bases of 
          adversaries.
Sec. 1299F. Countering white identity terrorism globally.
Sec. 1299G. Report on progress of the Department of Defense with respect 
          to denying the strategic goals of a competitor against a 
          covered defense partner.
Sec. 1299H. Comparative studies on defense budget transparency of the 
          People's Republic of China, the Russian Federation, and the 
          United States.
Sec. 1299I. Assessment of weapons of mass destruction terrorism.
Sec. 1299J. Review of Department of Defense compliance with ``Principles 
          Related to the Protection of Medical Care Provided by 
          Impartial Humanitarian Organizations During Armed Conflicts''.
Sec. 1299K. Certification relating to assistance for Guatemala.
Sec. 1299L. Functional Center for Security Studies in Irregular Warfare.
Sec. 1299M. United States-Israel operations-technology cooperation 
          within the United States-Israel Defense Acquisition Advisory 
          Group.
Sec. 1299N. Payment of passport fees for certain individuals.
Sec. 1299O. Resumption of Peace Corps operations.
Sec. 1299P. Establishment of the Open Technology Fund.
Sec. 1299Q. United States Agency for Global Media.
Sec. 1299R. Leveraging information on foreign traffickers.
Sec. 1299S. Rule of construction relating to use of military force.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Funding allocations; specification of cooperative threat 
          reduction funds.

                     TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                      Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical agents and munitions destruction, defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1405. Defense health program.

                Subtitle B--Armed Forces Retirement Home

Sec. 1411. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
          Home.
Sec. 1412. Expansion of eligibility for residence at the Armed Forces 
          Retirement Home.
Sec. 1413. Periodic inspections of Armed Forces Retirement Home 
          facilities by nationally recognized accrediting organization.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1421. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
          Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs medical facility 
          demonstration fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health Care 
          Center, Illinois.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose.
Sec. 1502. Overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 1503. Procurement.
Sec. 1504. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1505. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1506. Military personnel.
Sec. 1507. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1508. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1509. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1510. Defense Health Program.

                      Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1511. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1512. Special transfer authority.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1521. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.

   TITLE XVI--SPACE ACTIVITIES, STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, AND INTELLIGENCE 
                                 MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. Space Development Agency development requirements and 
          transfer to Space Force.
Sec. 1602. Personnel management authority for Space Development Agency 
          for experts in science and engineering.
Sec. 1603. Requirement to buy certain satellite component from national 
          technology and industrial base.
Sec. 1604. Conforming amendments relating to reestablishment of Space 
          Command.
Sec. 1605. Clarification of authority for procurement of commercial 
          satellite communications services.
Sec. 1606. National Security Space Launch program.
Sec. 1607. Commercial space domain awareness capabilities.
Sec. 1608. Policy to ensure launch of small-class payloads.
Sec. 1609. Tactically responsive space launch operations.
Sec. 1610. Limitation on availability of funds for prototype program for 
          multi-global navigation satellite system receiver development.
Sec. 1611. Resilient and survivable positioning, navigation, and timing 
          capabilities.
Sec. 1612. Leveraging commercial satellite remote sensing.
Sec. 1613. Strategy to strengthen civil and national security 
          capabilities and operations in space.
Sec. 1614. Report and strategy on space competition with China.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1621. Safety of navigation mission of the National Geospatial-
          Intelligence Agency.
Sec. 1622. National Academies Climate Security Roundtable.
Sec. 1623. Efficient use of sensitive compartmented information 
          facilities.

                       Subtitle C--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1631. Semiannual updates on meetings held by Nuclear Weapons 
          Council; limitation on availability of funds relating to such 
          updates.
Sec. 1632. Role of Nuclear Weapons Council with respect to performance 
          requirements and budget for nuclear weapons programs.
Sec. 1633. Modification of Government Accountability Office review of 
          annual reports on nuclear weapons enterprise.
Sec. 1634. Independent study on nuclear weapons programs of certain 
          foreign countries.
Sec. 1635. Prohibition on reduction of the intercontinental ballistic 
          missiles of the United States.

                  Subtitle D--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1641. Alignment of the Missile Defense Agency within the Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 1642. Extension of prohibition relating to missile defense 
          information and systems.
Sec. 1643. Extension of transition of ballistic missile defense programs 
          to military departments.
Sec. 1644. Extension of requirement for Comptroller General review and 
          assessment of missile defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 1645. Development of hypersonic and ballistic missile tracking 
          space sensor payload.
Sec. 1646. Ground-based midcourse defense interim capability.
Sec. 1647. Next generation interceptors.
Sec. 1648. Report on and limitation on availability of funds for layered 
          homeland missile defense system.
Sec. 1649. Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
          cooperative missile defense program co-development and co-
          production.
Sec. 1650. Report on defense of Guam from integrated air and missile 
          threats.
Sec. 1651. Reports on cruise missile defense and North Warning System.

     Subtitle E--Matters Relating to Certain Commercial Terrestrial 
                               Operations

Sec. 1661. Prohibition on availability of funds for certain purposes 
          relating to the Global Positioning System.
Sec. 1662. Limitation on awarding contracts to entities operating 
          commercial terrestrial communication networks that cause 
          harmful interference with the Global Positioning System.
Sec. 1663. Independent technical review of Federal Communications 
          Commission Order 20-48.
Sec. 1664. Estimate of damages from Federal Communications Commission 
          Order 20-48.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1671. Conventional prompt strike.
Sec. 1672. Limitation on availability of funds relating to reports on 
          missile systems and arms control treaties.
Sec. 1673. Submission of reports under Missile Defense Review and 
          Nuclear Posture Review.

                 TITLE XVII--CYBERSPACE-RELATED MATTERS

Sec. 1701. Modification of mission of Cyber Command and assignment of 
          cyber operations forces.
Sec. 1702. Modification of scope of notification requirements for 
          sensitive military cyber operations.
Sec. 1703. Modification of requirements for quarterly Department of 
          Defense cyber operations briefings for Congress.
Sec. 1704. Clarification relating to protection from liability of 
          operationally critical contractors.
Sec. 1705. Strengthening Federal networks; CISA cybersecurity support to 
          agencies.
Sec. 1706. Improvements relating to the quadrennial cyber posture 
          review.
Sec. 1707. Modification of authority to use operation and maintenance 
          funds for cyber operations-peculiar capability development 
          projects.
Sec. 1708. Personnel management authority for Commander of United States 
          Cyber Command and development program for offensive cyber 
          operations.
Sec. 1709. Applicability of reorientation of Big Data Platform program 
          to Department of Navy.
Sec. 1710. Report on Cyber Institutes program.
Sec. 1711. Modification of acquisition authority of Commander of United 
          States Cyber Command.
Sec. 1712. Modification of requirements relating to the Strategic 
          Cybersecurity Program and the evaluation of cyber 
          vulnerabilities of major weapon systems of the Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 1713. Modification of position of Principal Cyber Advisor.
Sec. 1714. Cyberspace Solarium Commission.
Sec. 1715. Establishment in Department of Homeland Security of joint 
          cyber planning office.
Sec. 1716. Subpoena authority.
Sec. 1717. Cybersecurity State Coordinator.
Sec. 1718. Cybersecurity Advisory Committee.
Sec. 1719. Cybersecurity education and training assistance program.
Sec. 1720. Framework for cyber hunt forward operations.
Sec. 1721. Rationalization and integration of parallel cybersecurity 
          architectures and operations.
Sec. 1722. Assessing risk to national security of quantum computing.
Sec. 1723. Tailored cyberspace operations organizations.
Sec. 1724. Responsibility for cybersecurity and critical infrastructure 
          protection of the defense industrial base.
Sec. 1725. Pilot program on remote provision by National Guard to 
          National Guards of other States of cybersecurity technical 
          assistance in training, preparation, and response to cyber 
          incidents.
Sec. 1726. Department of Defense cyber workforce efforts.
Sec. 1727. Reporting requirements for cross domain incidents and 
          exemptions to policies for information technology.
Sec. 1728. Assessing private-public collaboration in cybersecurity.
Sec. 1729. Cyber capabilities and interoperability of the National 
          Guard.
Sec. 1730. Evaluation of non-traditional cyber support to the Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 1731. Integrated cybersecurity center plan.
Sec. 1732. Assessment of cyber operational planning and deconfliction 
          policies and processes.
Sec. 1733. Pilot program on cybersecurity capability metrics.
Sec. 1734. Assessment of effect of inconsistent timing and use of 
          Network Address Translation in Department of Defense networks.
Sec. 1735. Integration of Department of Defense user activity monitoring 
          and cybersecurity.
Sec. 1736. Defense industrial base cybersecurity sensor architecture 
          plan.
Sec. 1737. Assessment on defense industrial base participation in a 
          threat information sharing program.
Sec. 1738. Assistance for small manufacturers in the defense industrial 
          supply chain on matters relating to cybersecurity.
Sec. 1739. Assessment on defense industrial base cybersecurity threat 
          hunting program.
Sec. 1740. Defense Digital Service.
Sec. 1741. Matters concerning the College of Information and Cyberspace 
          and limitation of funding for National Defense University.
Sec. 1742. Department of Defense cyber hygiene and Cybersecurity 
          Maturity Model Certification framework.
Sec. 1743. Extension of sunset for pilot program on regional 
          cybersecurity training center for the Army National Guard.
Sec. 1744. National cyber exercises.
Sec. 1745. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency review.
Sec. 1746. Report on enabling United States Cyber Command resource 
          allocation.
Sec. 1747. Ensuring cyber resiliency of nuclear command and control 
          system.
Sec. 1748. Requirements for review of and limitations on the Joint 
          Regional Security Stacks activity.
Sec. 1749. Implementation of information operations matters.
Sec. 1750. Report on use of encryption by Department of Defense national 
          security systems.
Sec. 1751. Guidance and direction on use of direct hiring processes for 
          artificial intelligence professionals and other data science 
          and software development personnel.
Sec. 1752. National Cyber Director.

TITLE XVIII--TRANSFER AND REORGANIZATION OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION STATUTES

Sec. 1801. Transfer and reorganization of defense acquisition statutes.

                         Subtitle A--Definitions

Sec. 1806. Definitions.
Sec. 1807. General matters.
Sec. 1808. Defense acquisition system.
Sec. 1809. Budgeting and appropriations.
Sec. 1810. Operational contract support.

                    Subtitle B--Acquisition Planning

Sec. 1811. Planning and solicitation generally.
Sec. 1812. Independent cost estimation and cost analysis.
Sec. 1813. Other provisions relating to planning and solicitation 
          generally.

           Subtitle C--Contracting Methods and Contract Types

Sec. 1816. Awarding of contracts.
Sec. 1817. Specific types of contracts.
Sec. 1818. Other matters relating to awarding of contracts.
Sec. 1819. Undefinitized contractual actions.
Sec. 1820. Task and delivery order contracts.
Sec. 1821. Acquisition of commercial products and commercial services.
Sec. 1822. Multiyear contracts.
Sec. 1823. Simplified acquisition procedures.
Sec. 1824. Rapid acquisition procedures.
Sec. 1825. Contracts for long-term lease or charter of vessels, 
          aircraft, and combat vehicles.

               Subtitle D--General Contracting Provisions

Sec. 1831. Cost or pricing data.
Sec. 1832. Allowable costs.
Sec. 1833. Proprietary contractor data and rights in technical data.
Sec. 1834. Contract financing.
Sec. 1835. Contractor audits and accounting.
Sec. 1836. Claims and disputes.
Sec. 1837. Foreign acquisitions.
Sec. 1838. Socioeconomic programs.

                  Subtitle E--Research and Engineering

Sec. 1841. Research and engineering generally.
Sec. 1842. Innovation.
Sec. 1843. Department of Defense laboratories.
Sec. 1844. Research and development centers and facilities.
Sec. 1845. Test and evaluation.

   Subtitle F--Major Systems, Major Defense Acquisition Programs, and 
                       Weapon Systems Development

Sec. 1846. General matters.
Sec. 1847. Major systems and major defense acquisition programs 
          generally.
Sec. 1848. Life-cycle and sustainment.
Sec. 1849. Program status-selected acquisition reports.
Sec. 1850. Cost growth--unit cost reports (Nunn-McCurdy).
Sec. 1851. Weapon systems development and related matters.

           Subtitle G--Other Special Categories of Contracting

Sec. 1856. Acquisition of services generally.
Sec. 1857. Acquisition of information technology.

                     Subtitle H--Contract Management

Sec. 1861. Contract administration.
Sec. 1862. Prohibitions and penalties.
Sec. 1863. Contractor workforce.
Sec. 1864. Other administrative matters.

                   Subtitle I--Defense Industrial Base

Sec. 1866. Defense industrial base generally.
Sec. 1867. Policies and planning.
Sec. 1868. Development, application, and support of dual-use 
          technologies.
Sec. 1869. Manufacturing technology.
Sec. 1870. Other technology base policies and programs.
Sec. 1871. Small business programs.
Sec. 1872. Procurement technical assistance cooperative agreement 
          program.
Sec. 1873. Loan guarantee programs.

                        Subtitle J--Other Matters

Sec. 1876. Recodification of certain title 10 provisions relating to 
          contract financing for certain Navy contracts.
Sec. 1877. Recodification of title 10 statute on cadre of personnel who 
          are intellectual property experts.
Sec. 1878. Transfer of title 10 section relating to notification of Navy 
          procurement production disruptions.
Sec. 1879. Transfer of title 10 section relating to energy security.
Sec. 1880. Part IV heading.
Sec. 1881. Repeal of chapters 137, 139, 144, and 148.
Sec. 1882. Revision of chapter 141.
Sec. 1883. References.
Sec. 1884. Savings provisions.
Sec. 1885. Rule of construction.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
          specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.

                  TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Limitation on military construction project at Kwajalein 
          Atoll.
Sec. 2105. Modification of authority to carry out fiscal year 2017 
          project at Camp Walker, Korea.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing and improvements to military family housing 
          units.
Sec. 2203. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing and improvements to military family housing 
          units.
Sec. 2303. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2304. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2018 project.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2019 projects.
Sec. 2306. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2020 projects.
Sec. 2307. Technical corrections related to authority to carry out 
          certain fiscal year 2020 family housing projects.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized Energy Resilience and Conservation Investment 
          Program projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
Sec. 2404. Independent study on Western Emergency Refined Fuel Reserves.

                    TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

   Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                 Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.
Sec. 2503. Execution of projects under the North Atlantic Treaty 
          Organization Security Investment Program.

             Subtitle B--Host Country In-Kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.
Sec. 2512. Qatar funded construction projects.

             TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve construction 
          and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.
Sec. 2607. Modification of authority to carry out fiscal year 2020 
          project in Alabama.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
          closure activities funded through Department of Defense Base 
          Closure Account.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
          closure (BRAC) round.
Sec. 2703. Plan to finish remediation activities conducted by the 
          Secretary of the Army in Umatilla, Oregon.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

            Subtitle A--Military Construction Program Changes

Sec. 2801. Modification and clarification of construction authority in 
          the event of a declaration of war or national emergency.
Sec. 2802. Extension of sunset for annual locality adjustment of dollar 
          thresholds applicable to unspecified minor military 
          construction authorities.
Sec. 2803. Modification of reporting requirements regarding certain 
          military construction projects and military family housing 
          projects, contracts, and agreements.
Sec. 2804. Consideration of energy security and energy resilience in 
          life-cycle cost for military construction.
Sec. 2805. Congressional project authorization required for military 
          construction projects for energy resilience, energy security, 
          and energy conservation.
Sec. 2806. One-year extension of temporary, limited authority to use 
          operation and maintenance funds for construction projects in 
          certain areas outside the United States.
Sec. 2807. Responsibility of Navy for military construction requirements 
          for certain Fleet Readiness Centers.

               Subtitle B--Military Family Housing Reforms

Sec. 2811. Modifications and technical corrections related to military 
          housing privatization reform.
Sec. 2812. Repeal of authority to lease substandard family housing units 
          to members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 2813. Expenditure priorities in using Department of Defense Family 
          Housing Improvement Fund.
Sec. 2814. Availability of information regarding assessment of 
          performance metrics for contracts for provision or management 
          of privatized military housing.
Sec. 2815. Requirement that Secretary of Defense implement 
          recommendations relating to military family housing contained 
          in report by Inspector General of Department of Defense.
Sec. 2816. Promulgation of guidance to facilitate return of military 
          families displaced from privatized military housing.
Sec. 2817. Promulgation of guidance on relocation of residents of 
          military housing impacted by presence of mold.
Sec. 2818. Expansion of uniform code of basic standards for privatized 
          military housing and hazard and habitability inspection and 
          assessment requirements to Government-owned and Government-
          controlled military family housing.

         Subtitle C--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2821. Acceptance of property by military service academies, 
          professional military education schools, and military museums 
          subject to naming-rights condition.
Sec. 2822. Codification of reporting requirements regarding United 
          States overseas military enduring locations and contingency 
          locations.
Sec. 2823. Promotion of energy resilience and energy security in 
          privatized utility systems.
Sec. 2824. Vesting exercise of discretion with Secretaries of the 
          military departments regarding entering into longer-term 
          contracts for utility services.
Sec. 2825. Use of on-site energy production to promote military 
          installation energy resilience and energy security.
Sec. 2826. Improved electrical metering of Department of Defense 
          infrastructure supporting critical missions.
Sec. 2827. Improving water management and security on military 
          installations.
Sec. 2828. Prohibition relating to closure or return to host nation of 
          existing military installations, infrastructure, or real 
          property in Europe.

                      Subtitle D--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2831. Land conveyance, Camp Navajo, Arizona.
Sec. 2832. Modification of land exchange involving Naval Industrial 
          Reserve Ordnance Plant, Sunnyvale, California.
Sec. 2833. Land conveyance, Sharpe Army Depot, Lathrop, California.
Sec. 2834. Land exchange, San Bernardino County, California.
Sec. 2835. Land conveyance, Over-the-Horizon Backscatter Radar System 
          receiving station, Modoc County, California.
Sec. 2836. Transfer of administrative jurisdiction, Naval Support 
          Activity Panama City, Florida, parcel.
Sec. 2837. Lease extension, Bryan Multi-Sports Complex, Wayne County, 
          North Carolina.
Sec. 2838. Land conveyances, Milan Army Ammunition Plant, Tennessee.

                  Subtitle E--Military Land Withdrawals

Sec. 2841. Renewal of land withdrawal and reservation to benefit Naval 
          Air Facility, El Centro, California.
Sec. 2842. Renewal of Fallon Range Training Complex land withdrawal and 
          reservation.
Sec. 2843. Renewal of Nevada Test and Training Range land withdrawal and 
          reservation.
Sec. 2844. Establishment of interagency committees on joint use of 
          certain land withdrawn from appropriation under public land 
          laws.

            Subtitle F--Asia-Pacific and Indo-Pacific Issues

Sec. 2851. Change to biennial reporting requirement for Interagency 
          Coordination Group of Inspectors General for Guam Realignment.
Sec. 2852. Additional exception to restriction on development of public 
          infrastructure in connection with realignment of Marine Corps 
          forces in Asia-Pacific region.
Sec. 2853. Development of master plan for infrastructure to support 
          rotational Armed Forces in Australia.
Sec. 2854. Bulk fuel management in United States Indo-Pacific Command 
          Area of Responsibility.

                  Subtitle G--Authorized Pilot Programs

Sec. 2861. Pilot program to authorize use of cost savings realized from 
          intergovernmental services agreements for installation-support 
          services.
Sec. 2862. Department of Defense pilot program to evaluate expansion of 
          land exchange authority.
Sec. 2863. Pilot program to support combatant command military 
          construction priorities.
Sec. 2864. Pilot program to test use of emergency diesel generators in a 
          microgrid configuration at certain military installations.
Sec. 2865. Pilot program to authorize additional military construction 
          projects for child development centers at military 
          installations.
Sec. 2866. Department of the Army pilot program for development and use 
          of online real estate inventory tool.

              Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Studies and Reports

Sec. 2871. Reports regarding decision-making process used to locate or 
          relocate major headquarters and certain military units and 
          weapon systems.
Sec. 2872. Report on effect of noise restrictions on military 
          installations and operations and development and 
          implementation of noise mitigation measures.
Sec. 2873. Study and report regarding continued need for protected 
          aircraft shelters in Europe and status of United States air 
          base resiliency in Europe.

                        Subtitle I--Other Matters

Sec. 2881. Military construction infrastructure and weapon system 
          synchronization for Ground Based Strategic Deterrent.
Sec. 2882. Defense Community Infrastructure Program.
Sec. 2883. Consideration of certain military family readiness issues in 
          making basing decisions associated with certain military units 
          and major headquarters.
Sec. 2884. Department of Defense policy for regulation in military 
          communities of dangerous dogs kept as pets.

    TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2901. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2903. Authorization of appropriations.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

       TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

        Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

              Subtitle B--Nuclear Weapons Stockpile Matters

Sec. 3111. W93 nuclear warhead acquisition process.
Sec. 3112. Earned value management and technology readiness levels for 
          life extension programs.
Sec. 3113. Monitoring of industrial base for nuclear weapons components, 
          subsystems, and materials.
Sec. 3114. Plutonium pit production.

            Subtitle C--Defense Environmental Cleanup Matters

Sec. 3121. Public statement of environmental liabilities for facilities 
          undergoing defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3122. Inclusion of missed milestones in future-years defense 
          environmental cleanup plan.
Sec. 3123. Classification of defense environmental cleanup as capital 
          asset projects or operations activities.
Sec. 3124. Extension of limitation relating to reclassification of high-
          level waste.
Sec. 3125. Continued analysis of approaches for supplemental treatment 
          of low-activity waste at Hanford Nuclear Reservation.

               Subtitle D--Safeguards and Security Matters

Sec. 3131. Reporting on penetrations of networks of contractors and 
          subcontractors.

                      Subtitle E--Personnel Matters

Sec. 3141. Extension of authority for appointment of certain scientific, 
          engineering, and technical personnel.
Sec. 3142. Inclusion of certain employees and contractors of Department 
          of Energy in definition of public safety officer for purposes 
          of certain death benefits.
Sec. 3143. Reimbursement for liability insurance for nuclear materials 
          couriers.
Sec. 3144. Transportation and moving expenses for immediate family of 
          deceased nuclear materials couriers.
Sec. 3145. Permanent extension of Office of Ombudsman for Energy 
          Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program.
Sec. 3146. Reports on diversity of certain contractor employees of 
          National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3147. Sense of Congress regarding compensation of individuals 
          relating to uranium mining and nuclear testing.

           Subtitle F--Budget and Financial Management Matters

Sec. 3151. Reports on financial balances for atomic energy defense 
          activities.

                   Subtitle G--Administrative Matters

Sec. 3161. Modifications to enhanced procurement authority to manage 
          supply chain risk.
Sec. 3162. Extension of pilot program on unavailability for overhead 
          costs of amounts specified for laboratory-directed research 
          and development.

                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 3171. Independent study on potential environmental effects of 
          nuclear war.
Sec. 3172. Review of future of computing beyond exascale at the National 
          Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3173. Sense of Congress on the Agreement Suspending the Antidumping 
          Investigation on Uranium from the Russian Federation.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.
Sec. 3202. Nonpublic collaborative discussions by Defense Nuclear 
          Facilities Safety Board.

                  TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                      TITLE XXXV--MARITIME MATTERS

                   Subtitle A--Maritime Administration

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Improvements to process for waiving navigation and vessel-
          inspection laws and approving foreign vessel charters for 
          passenger vessels.
Sec. 3503. Superintendent of the United States Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 3504. Assistance for inland and small coastal ports and terminals.
Sec. 3505. Maritime transportation system emergency relief program.
Sec. 3506. Sea year cadets on cable security fleet and tanker security 
          fleet vessels.
Sec. 3507. Centers of excellence for domestic maritime workforce 
          training and education: technical amendments.
Sec. 3508. Merchant mariner training and education.
Sec. 3509. Publication of information about students and recent 
          graduates of Maritime Academies.
Sec. 3510. Mariner licensing and credentialing for M/V LISERON.

                    Subtitle B--Tanker Security Fleet

Sec. 3511. Tanker Security Fleet.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 3521. Maritime security and domain awareness.
Sec. 3522. Sense of Congress regarding role of domestic maritime 
          industry in national security.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.

         TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
          contingency operations.

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
          operations.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.

                     TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.

                    TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of energy national security programs.

   DIVISION E--NATIONAL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE INITIATIVE ACT OF 2020

Sec. 5001. Short title.
Sec. 5002. Definitions.

          TITLE LI--NATIONAL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE INITIATIVE

Sec. 5101. National Artificial Intelligence Initiative.
Sec. 5102. National Artificial Intelligence Initiative Office.
Sec. 5103. Coordination by Interagency Committee.
Sec. 5104. National Artificial Intelligence Advisory Committee.
Sec. 5105. National Academies artificial intelligence impact study on 
          workforce.
Sec. 5106. National AI Research Resource Task Force.

     TITLE LII--NATIONAL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH INSTITUTES

Sec. 5201. National Artificial Intelligence Research Institutes.

  TITLE LIII--DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 5301. National institute of standards and technology activities.
Sec. 5302. Stakeholder outreach.
Sec. 5303. National oceanic and atmospheric administration artificial 
          intelligence center.

     TITLE LIV--NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 
                               ACTIVITIES

Sec. 5401. Artificial intelligence research and education.

 TITLE LV--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH PROGRAM

Sec. 5501. Department of energy artificial intelligence research 
          program.

                    DIVISION F--ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING

Sec. 6001. Short title.
Sec. 6002. Purposes.
Sec. 6003. Definitions.

  TITLE LXI--STRENGTHENING TREASURY FINANCIAL INTELLIGENCE, ANTI-MONEY 
     LAUNDERING, AND COUNTERING THE FINANCING OF TERRORISM PROGRAMS

Sec. 6101. Establishment of national exam and supervision priorities.
Sec. 6102. Strengthening FinCEN.
Sec. 6103. FinCEN Exchange.
Sec. 6104. Interagency anti-money laundering and countering the 
          financing of terrorism personnel rotation program.
Sec. 6105. Terrorism and financial intelligence special hiring 
          authority.
Sec. 6106. Treasury Attache program.
Sec. 6107. Establishment of FinCEN Domestic Liaisons.
Sec. 6108. Foreign Financial Intelligence Unit Liaisons.
Sec. 6109. Protection of information exchanged with foreign law 
          enforcement and financial intelligence units.
Sec. 6110. Bank Secrecy Act application to dealers in antiquities and 
          assessment of Bank Secrecy Act application to dealers in arts.
Sec. 6111. Increasing technical assistance for international 
          cooperation.
Sec. 6112. International coordination.

  TITLE LXII--MODERNIZING THE ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING AND COUNTERING THE 
                      FINANCING OF TERRORISM SYSTEM

Sec. 6201. Annual reporting requirements.
Sec. 6202. Additional considerations for suspicious activity reporting 
          requirements.
Sec. 6203. Law enforcement feedback on suspicious activity reports.
Sec. 6204. Streamlining requirements for currency transaction reports 
          and suspicious activity reports.
Sec. 6205. Currency transaction reports and suspicious activity reports 
          thresholds review.
Sec. 6206. Sharing of threat pattern and trend information.
Sec. 6207. Subcommittee on Innovation and Technology.
Sec. 6208. Establishment of Bank Secrecy Act Innovation Officers.
Sec. 6209. Testing methods rulemaking.
Sec. 6210. Financial technology assessment.
Sec. 6211. Financial crimes tech symposium.
Sec. 6212. Pilot program on sharing of information related to suspicious 
          activity reports within a financial group.
Sec. 6213. Sharing of compliance resources.
Sec. 6214. Encouraging information sharing and public-private 
          partnerships.
Sec. 6215. Financial services de-risking.
Sec. 6216. Review of regulations and guidance.

    TITLE LXIII--IMPROVING ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING AND COUNTERING THE 
     FINANCING OF TERRORISM COMMUNICATION, OVERSIGHT, AND PROCESSES

Sec. 6301. Improved interagency coordination and consultation.
Sec. 6302. Subcommittee on Information Security and Confidentiality.
Sec. 6303. Establishment of Bank Secrecy Act Information Security 
          Officers.
Sec. 6304. FinCEN analytical hub.
Sec. 6305. Assessment of Bank Secrecy Act no-action letters.
Sec. 6306. Cooperation with law enforcement.
Sec. 6307. Training for examiners on anti-money laundering and 
          countering the financing of terrorism.
Sec. 6308. Obtaining foreign bank records from banks with United States 
          correspondent accounts.
Sec. 6309. Additional damages for repeat Bank Secrecy Act violators.
Sec. 6310. Certain violators barred from serving on boards of United 
          States financial institutions.
Sec. 6311. Department of Justice report on deferred and non-prosecution 
          agreements.
Sec. 6312. Return of profits and bonuses.
Sec. 6313. Prohibition on concealment of the source of assets in 
          monetary transactions.
Sec. 6314. Updating whistleblower incentives and protection.

  TITLE LXIV--ESTABLISHING BENEFICIAL OWNERSHIP INFORMATION REPORTING 
                              REQUIREMENTS

Sec. 6401. Short title.
Sec. 6402. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 6403. Beneficial ownership information reporting requirements.

                        TITLE LXV--MISCELLANEOUS

Sec. 6501. Investigations and prosecution of offenses for violations of 
          the securities laws.
Sec. 6502. GAO and Treasury studies on beneficial ownership information 
          reporting requirements.
Sec. 6503. GAO study on feedback loops.
Sec. 6504. GAO CTR study and report.
Sec. 6505. GAO studies on trafficking.
Sec. 6506. Treasury study and strategy on trade-based money laundering.
Sec. 6507. Treasury study and strategy on money laundering by the 
          People's Republic of China.
Sec. 6508. Treasury and Justice study on the efforts of authoritarian 
          regimes to exploit the financial system of the United States.
Sec. 6509. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 6510. Discretionary surplus funds.
Sec. 6511. Severability.

  DIVISION G--ELIJAH E. CUMMINGS COAST GUARD AUTHORIZATION ACT OF 2020

Sec. 8001. Short title.
Sec. 8002. Definition of Commandant.

                      TITLE LVXXXI--AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 8101. Authorizations of appropriations.
Sec. 8102. Authorized levels of military strength and training.
Sec. 8103. Determination of budgetary effects.
Sec. 8104. Availability of amounts for acquisition of additional 
          National Security Cutter.
Sec. 8105. Procurement authority for Polar Security Cutters.
Sec. 8106. Sense of the Congress on need for new Great Lakes icebreaker.
Sec. 8107. Procurement authority for Great Lakes icebreaker.
Sec. 8108. Polar Security Cutter acquisition report.
Sec. 8109. Shoreside infrastructure.
Sec. 8110. Major acquisition systems infrastructure.
Sec. 8111. Polar icebreakers.
Sec. 8112. Acquisition of fast response cutter.

                       TITLE LVXXXII--COAST GUARD

                 Subtitle A--Military Personnel Matters

Sec. 8201. Grade on retirement.
Sec. 8202. Authority for officers to opt out of promotion board 
          consideration.
Sec. 8203. Temporary promotion authority for officers in certain grades 
          with critical skills.
Sec. 8204. Career intermission program.
Sec. 8205. Direct commissioning authority for individuals with critical 
          skills.
Sec. 8206. Employment assistance.

             Subtitle B--Organization and Management Matters

Sec. 8211. Congressional affairs; Director.
Sec. 8212. Limitations on claims.
Sec. 8213. Renewal of temporary early retirement authority.
Sec. 8214. Major acquisitions; operation and sustainment costs.
Sec. 8215. Support of women serving in the Coast Guard.
Sec. 8216. Disposition of infrastructure related to E-LORAN.
Sec. 8217. Positions of importance and responsibility.
Sec. 8218. Research projects; transactions other than contracts and 
          grants.
Sec. 8219. Acquisition workforce authorities.
Sec. 8220. Vessel conversion, alteration, and repair projects.
Sec. 8221. Modification of acquisition process and procedures.
Sec. 8222. Establishment and purpose of Fund; definition.
Sec. 8223. Payments from Fund.
Sec. 8224. Determination of contributions to Fund.
Sec. 8225. Payments into Fund.

        Subtitle C--Access to Child Care for Coast Guard Families

Sec. 8231. Report on child care and school-age care assistance for 
          qualified families.
Sec. 8232. Review of family support services website and online tracking 
          system.
Sec. 8233. Study and survey on Coast Guard child care needs.
Sec. 8234. Pilot program to expand access to child care.
Sec. 8235. Improvements to Coast Guard-owned family housing.
Sec. 8236. Briefing on transfer of family child care provider 
          qualifications and certifications.
Sec. 8237. Inspections of Coast Guard child development centers and 
          family child care providers.
Sec. 8238. Expanding opportunities for family child care.
Sec. 8239. Definitions.

                           Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 8240. Modifications of certain reporting requirements.
Sec. 8241. Report on cybersecurity workforce.
Sec. 8242. Report on navigation and bridge resource management.
Sec. 8243. Report on helicopter life-cycle support and recapitalization.
Sec. 8244. Report on Coast Guard response capabilities for cyber 
          incidents on vessels entering ports or waters of the United 
          States.
Sec. 8245. Study and report on Coast Guard interdiction of illicit drugs 
          in transit zones.
Sec. 8246. Report on liability limits set in section 1004 of the Oil 
          Pollution Act of 1990.
Sec. 8247. Report on Coast Guard defense readiness resources allocation.
Sec. 8248. Report on the feasibility of liquefied natural gas fueled 
          vessels.
Sec. 8249. Coast Guard authorities study.
Sec. 8250. Report on effects of climate change on Coast Guard.
Sec. 8251. Shore infrastructure.
Sec. 8252. Coast Guard housing; status and authorities briefing.
Sec. 8253. Physical access control system report.
Sec. 8254. Study on Certificate of Compliance inspection program with 
          respect to vessels that carry bulk liquefied gases as cargo 
          and liquefied natural gas tank vessels.
Sec. 8255. Comptroller General of the United States review and report on 
          Coast Guard's International Port Security Program.
Sec. 8256. Comptroller General of the United States review and report on 
          surge capacity of the Coast Guard.
Sec. 8257. Comptroller General of the United States review and report on 
          marine inspections program of Coast Guard.
Sec. 8258. Comptroller General of the United States review and report on 
          information technology program of Coast Guard.
Sec. 8259. Comptroller General of the United States study and report on 
          access to health care by members of Coast Guard and 
          dependents.
Sec. 8260. Comptroller General of the United States study and report on 
          medical staffing standards and needs for Coast Guard.
Sec. 8261. Report on fast response cutters, offshore patrol cutters, and 
          national security cutters.

             Subtitle E--Coast Guard Academy Improvement Act

Sec. 8271. Short title.
Sec. 8272. Coast Guard Academy study.
Sec. 8273. Annual report.
Sec. 8274. Assessment of Coast Guard Academy admission processes.
Sec. 8275. Coast Guard Academy minority outreach team program.
Sec. 8276. Coast Guard college student pre-commissioning initiative.
Sec. 8277. Annual board of visitors.
Sec. 8278. Homeland Security rotational cybersecurity research program 
          at Coast Guard Academy.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 8281. Strategy on leadership of Coast Guard.
Sec. 8282. Expedited transfer in cases of sexual assault; dependents of 
          members of the Coast Guard.
Sec. 8283. Access to resources during creosote-related building closures 
          at Coast Guard Base Seattle, Washington.
Sec. 8284. Southern resident orca conservation and enforcement.
Sec. 8285. Sense of Congress and report on implementation of policy on 
          issuance of warrants and subpoenas and whistleblower 
          protections by agents of the Coast Guard Investigative 
          Service.
Sec. 8286. Inspector General report on access to Equal Opportunity 
          Advisors and Equal Employment Opportunity Specialists.
Sec. 8287. Insider Threat Program.

                        TITLE LVXXXIII--MARITIME

                         Subtitle A--Navigation

Sec. 8301. Electronic charts; equivalency.
Sec. 8302. Subrogated claims.
Sec. 8303. Loan provisions under Oil Pollution Act of 1990.
Sec. 8304. Oil pollution research and development program.

                          Subtitle B--Shipping

Sec. 8311. Passenger vessel security and safety requirements; 
          application.
Sec. 8312. Small passenger vessels and uninspected passenger vessels.
Sec. 8313. Non-operating individual.
Sec. 8314. Conforming amendments: training; public safety personnel.
Sec. 8315. Maritime transportation assessment.
Sec. 8316. Engine cut-off switches; use requirement.
Sec. 8317. Authority to waive operator of self-propelled uninspected 
          passenger vessel requirements.
Sec. 8318. Exemptions and equivalents.
Sec. 8319. Renewal of merchant mariner licenses and documents.
Sec. 8320. Certificate extensions.
Sec. 8321. Vessel safety standards.
Sec. 8322. Medical standards.

                     Subtitle C--Advisory Committees

Sec. 8331. Advisory committees.
Sec. 8332. Maritime Transportation System National Advisory Committee.
Sec. 8333. Expired maritime liens.
Sec. 8334. Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee.
Sec. 8335. National Commercial Fishing Safety Advisory Committee.
Sec. 8336. Exemption of commercial fishing vessels operating in Alaskan 
          Region from Global Maritime Distress and Safety System 
          requirements of Federal Communications Commission.

                            Subtitle D--Ports

Sec. 8341. Port, harbor, and coastal facility security.
Sec. 8342. Aiming laser pointer at vessel.
Sec. 8343. Safety of special activities.
Sec. 8344. Security plans; reviews.
Sec. 8345. Vessel traffic service.
Sec. 8346. Transportation work identification card pilot program.

                      TITLE LVXXXIV--MISCELLANEOUS

                   Subtitle A--Navigation and Shipping

Sec. 8401. Coastwise trade.
Sec. 8402. Towing vessels operating outside boundary line.
Sec. 8403. Sense of Congress regarding the maritime industry of the 
          United States.
Sec. 8404. Cargo preference study.
Sec. 8405. Towing vessel inspection fees review.

                  Subtitle B--Maritime Domain Awareness

Sec. 8411. Unmanned maritime systems and satellite vessel tracking 
          technologies.
Sec. 8412. Unmanned aircraft systems testing.
Sec. 8413. Land-based unmanned aircraft system program of Coast Guard.
Sec. 8414. Prohibition on operation or procurement of foreign-made 
          unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 8415. United States commercial space-based radio frequency maritime 
          domain awareness testing and evaluation program.
Sec. 8416. Authorization of use of automatic identification systems 
          devices to mark fishing equipment.

                           Subtitle C--Arctic

Sec. 8421. Coast Guard Arctic prioritization.
Sec. 8422. Arctic PARS Native engagement.
Sec. 8423. Voting requirement.
Sec. 8424. Report on the Arctic capabilities of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 8425. Report on Arctic search and rescue.
Sec. 8426. Arctic Shipping Federal Advisory Committee.

                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 8431. Plan for wing-in-ground demonstration plan.
Sec. 8432. Northern Michigan oil spill response planning.
Sec. 8433. Documentation of LNG tankers.
Sec. 8434. Replacement vessel.
Sec. 8435. Educational vessel.
Sec. 8436. Waters deemed not navigable waters of the United States for 
          certain purposes.
Sec. 8437. Anchorages.
Sec. 8438. Comptroller General of the United States study and report on 
          vertical evacuation for tsunamis at Coast Guard Stations in 
          Washington and Oregon.
Sec. 8439. Authority to enter into agreements with National Coast Guard 
          Museum Association.
Sec. 8440. Video equipment; access and retention of records.
Sec. 8441. Regulations for covered small passenger vessels.

     TITLE LVXXXV--TECHNICAL, CONFORMING, AND CLARIFYING AMENDMENTS

Sec. 8501. Transfers.
Sec. 8502. Additional transfers.
Sec. 8503. License exemptions; repeal of obsolete provisions.
Sec. 8504. Maritime transportation system.
Sec. 8505. References to ``persons'' and ``seamen''.
Sec. 8506. References to ``himself'' and ``his''.
Sec. 8507. Miscellaneous technical corrections.
Sec. 8508. Technical corrections relating to codification of Ports and 
          Waterways Safety Act.
Sec. 8509. Aids to navigation.
Sec. 8510. Transfers related to employees of Lighthouse Service.
Sec. 8511. Transfers related to surviving spouses of Lighthouse Service 
          employees.
Sec. 8512. Repeals related to lighthouse statutes.
Sec. 8513. Common appropriation structure.

               TITLE LVXXXVI--FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION

Sec. 8601. Short title.
Sec. 8602. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 8603. Unfinished proceedings.
Sec. 8604. National Shipper Advisory Committee.
Sec. 8605. Transfer of Federal Maritime Commission provisions.

                        DIVISION H--OTHER MATTERS

                   TITLE XC--HOMELAND SECURITY MATTERS

Sec. 9001. Department of Homeland Security CISA Director.
Sec. 9002. Sector risk management agencies.
Sec. 9003. Review and analysis of inland waters seaport security.
Sec. 9004. Department of Homeland Security reports on digital content 
          forgery technology.
Sec. 9005. GAO study of cybersecurity insurance.
Sec. 9006. Strategy to secure email.
Sec. 9007. Department of Homeland Security large-scale non-intrusive 
          inspection scanning plan.

                   TITLE XCI--VETERANS AFFAIRS MATTERS

Sec. 9101. Modification of licensure requirements for Department of 
          Veterans Affairs health care professionals providing treatment 
          via telemedicine.
Sec. 9102. Additional care for newborn children of veterans.
Sec. 9103. Expansion of eligibility for HUD-VASH.
Sec. 9104. Study on unemployment rate of women veterans who served on 
          active duty in the Armed Forces after September 11, 2001.
Sec. 9105. Access of veterans to Individual Longitudinal Exposure 
          Record.
Sec. 9106. Department of Veterans Affairs report on undisbursed funds.
Sec. 9107. Transfer of Mare Island Naval Cemetery to Secretary of 
          Veterans Affairs for maintenance by National Cemetery 
          Administration.
Sec. 9108. Comptroller General report on Department of Veterans Affairs 
          handling of disability compensation claims by certain 
          veterans.
Sec. 9109. Additional diseases associated with exposure to certain 
          herbicide agents for which there is a presumption of service 
          connection for veterans who served in the Republic of Vietnam.

                   TITLE XCII--COMMUNICATIONS MATTERS

Sec. 9201. Reliable emergency alert distribution improvement.
Sec. 9202. Wireless supply chain innovation and multilateral security.
Sec. 9203. Spectrum information technology modernization efforts.
Sec. 9204. Internet of Things.

                    TITLE XCIII--INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

Sec. 9301. Requirement for facilitation of establishment of social media 
          data and threat analysis center.
Sec. 9302. Independent study on identifying and addressing threats that 
          individually or collectively affect national security, 
          financial security, or both.

           TITLE XCIV--SCIENCE, SPACE, AND TECHNOLOGY MATTERS

                    Subtitle A--Cybersecurity Matters

Sec. 9401. Improving national initiative for cybersecurity education.
Sec. 9402. Development of standards and guidelines for improving 
          cybersecurity workforce of Federal agencies.
Sec. 9403. Modifications to Federal cyber scholarship-for-service 
          program.
Sec. 9404. Additional modifications to Federal cyber scholarship-for-
          service program.
Sec. 9405. Cybersecurity in programs of the National Science Foundation.
Sec. 9406. Cybersecurity in STEM programs of the National Aeronautics 
          and Space Administration.
Sec. 9407. National cybersecurity challenges.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 9411. Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research.
Sec. 9412. Industries of the future.
Sec. 9413. National Institute of Standards and Technology Manufacturing 
          Extension Partnership program supply chain database.
Sec. 9414. Study on Chinese policies and influence in the development of 
          international standards for emerging technologies.
Sec. 9415. Coordination with Hollings Manufacturing Extension 
          Partnership Centers.

                  TITLE XCV--NATURAL RESOURCES MATTERS

Sec. 9501. Transfer of funds for Oklahoma City national memorial 
          endowment fund.
Sec. 9502. Workforce issues for military realignments in the Pacific.
Sec. 9503. Affirmation of authority for non-oil and gas operations on 
          the outer Continental Shelf.

                TITLE XCVI--OVERSIGHT AND REFORM MATTERS

Sec. 9601. Inventory of program activities of Federal agencies.
Sec. 9602. Preservation of electronic messages and other records.
Sec. 9603. Continuity of the economy plan.

                 TITLE XCVII--FINANCIAL SERVICES MATTERS

           Subtitle A--Kleptocracy Asset Recovery Rewards Act

Sec. 9701. Short title.
Sec. 9702. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 9703. Department of the Treasury Kleptocracy Asset Recovery Rewards 
          Pilot Program.

             Subtitle B--Combating Russian Money Laundering

Sec. 9711. Short title.
Sec. 9712. Statement of policy.
Sec. 9713. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 9714. Determination with respect to primary money laundering 
          concern of Russian illicit finance.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 9721. Certified notice at completion of an assessment.
Sec. 9722. Ensuring Chinese debt transparency.
Sec. 9723. Accountability for World Bank Loans to China.
Sec. 9724. Fairness for Taiwan nationals regarding employment at 
          international financial institutions.

 TITLE XCIX--CREATING HELPFUL INCENTIVES TO PRODUCE SEMICONDUCTORS FOR 
                                 AMERICA

Sec. 9901. Definitions.
Sec. 9902. Semiconductor incentives.
Sec. 9903. Department of Defense.
Sec. 9904. Department of Commerce study on status of microelectronics 
          technologies in the United States industrial base.
Sec. 9905. Funding for development and adoption of measurably secure 
          semiconductors and measurably secure semiconductors supply 
          chains.
Sec. 9906. Advanced microelectronics research and development.
Sec. 9907. Prohibition relating to foreign entities of concern.
Sec. 9908. Defense Production Act of 1950 efforts.

                         TITLE C--OTHER MATTERS

Sec. 10001. AMBER Alert nationwide.
Sec. 10002. Improving authority for operation of unmanned aircraft for 
          educational purposes.
Sec. 10003. Prohibition on provision of airport improvement grant funds 
          to certain entities that have violated intellectual property 
          rights of United States entities.
Sec. 10004. Study and report on the affordability of insulin.
Sec. 10005. Waiver authority with respect to institutions located in an 
          area affected by Hurricane Maria.
Sec. 10006. Farm and ranch mental health.
SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.
    In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, United 
States Code.
SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.
    The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purpose of complying 
with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by 
reference to the latest statement titled ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO 
Legislation'' for this Act, jointly submitted for printing in the 
Congressional Record by the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget 
Committees, provided that such statement has been submitted prior to 
the vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference report 
or amendment between the Houses.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS
                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Modifications to requirement for an interim cruise missile 
          defense capability.
Sec. 112. Report and limitations on acquisition of Integrated Visual 
          Augmentation System.
Sec. 113. Assessment of investment and sustainment for procurement of 
          cannon tubes.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Limitation on alteration of the Navy fleet mix.
Sec. 122. Limitations on Navy medium and large unmanned surface vessels.
Sec. 123. Fighter force structure acquisition strategy.
Sec. 124. Procurement authorities for certain amphibious shipbuilding 
          programs.
Sec. 125. Land-based test program for the FFG(X) Frigate program.
Sec. 126. Treatment in future budgets of the President of systems added 
          by Congress.
Sec. 127. Extension of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy 
          waterborne security barriers.
Sec. 128. Report on strategy to use ALQ-249 Next Generation Jammer to 
          ensure full spectrum electromagnetic superiority.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. Minimum operational squadron level.
Sec. 132. Modification of force structure objectives for bomber 
          aircraft.
Sec. 133. Minimum bomber aircraft force level.
Sec. 134. Required minimum inventory of tactical airlift aircraft.
Sec. 135. Inventory requirements for air refueling tanker aircraft.
Sec. 136. Authority to use F-35A fighter aircraft AT-1 through AT-6.
Sec. 137. F-35 aircraft gun system ammunition.
Sec. 138. Extension of limitation on availability of funds for 
          retirement of RC-135 aircraft.
Sec. 139. Modification to limitation on retirement of U-2 and RQ-4 
          aircraft.
Sec. 140. Modification of limitation on availability of funds for 
          retirement of E-8 JSTARS aircraft.
Sec. 141. Limitation on divestment of F-15C aircraft within the European 
          theater.
Sec. 142. Modernization plan for airborne intelligence, surveillance, 
          and reconnaissance.
Sec. 143. RC-26B manned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
          aircraft.
Sec. 144. Prohibition on funding for Close Air Support Integration 
          Group.
Sec. 145. Required solution for KC-46 aircraft remote visual system 
          limitations.
Sec. 146. Analysis of moving target indicator requirements and Advanced 
          Battle Management System capabilities.
Sec. 147. Study on measures to assess cost-per-effect for key mission 
          areas.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 151. Budgeting for life-cycle costs of aircraft for the Army, Navy, 
          and Air Force.
Sec. 152. Transfer of responsibilities and functions relating to 
          electromagnetic spectrum operations.
Sec. 153. Cryptographic modernization schedules.
Sec. 154. Department of Defense participation in the Special Federal 
          Aviation Regulation Working Group.
Sec. 155. Integrated air and missile defense assessment.
Sec. 156. Joint strategy for air base defense against missile threats.
Sec. 157. Joint All Domain Command and Control requirements.
Sec. 158. Expansion of economic order quantity contracting authority for 
          F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 159. Documentation relating to the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 160. F-35 aircraft munitions.
Sec. 161. Redesign strategy for the Autonomic Logistics Information 
          System for the F-35 fighter aircraft.
Sec. 162. Briefings on software regression testing for F-35 aircraft.
Sec. 163. Prohibition on use of funds for the Armed Overwatch Program.
Sec. 164. Acceleration of development and fielding of counter unmanned 
          aircraft systems across the joint force.
Sec. 165. Airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
          acquisition roadmap for the United States Special Operations 
          Command.
Sec. 166. Prohibition on divestiture of manned intelligence, 
          surveillance, and reconnaissance aircraft operated by United 
          States Special Operations Command.
Sec. 167. Notification on efforts to replace inoperable ejection seat 
          aircraft locator beacons.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 
for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, the Air 
Force and the Space Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in 
the funding table in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

    SEC. 111. MODIFICATIONS TO REQUIREMENT FOR AN INTERIM CRUISE 
      MISSILE DEFENSE CAPABILITY.
    (a) Plan.--Not later than January 15, 2021, the Secretary of the 
Army shall submit to the congressional defense committees the plan, 
including a timeline, to operationally deploy or forward station the 
interim cruise missile defense capability procured pursuant to section 
112 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1660) in an operational 
theater or theaters.
    (b) Modification of Waiver.--Paragraph (4) of section 112(b) of the 
John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
(132 Stat. 1661) is amended to read as follows:
        ``(4) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Army may waive the 
    deadlines specified in paragraph (1):
            ``(A) For the deadline specified in paragraph (1)(A), if 
        the Secretary determines that sufficient funds have not been 
        appropriated to enable the Secretary to meet such deadline.
            ``(B) For the deadline specified in paragraph (1)(B), if 
        the Secretary submits to the congressional defense committees a 
        certification that--
                ``(i) allocating resources toward procurement of an 
            integrated enduring capability would provide robust tiered 
            and layered protection to the joint force; or
                ``(ii) additional time is required to complete testing, 
            training, and preparation for operational capability.''.
    SEC. 112. REPORT AND LIMITATIONS ON ACQUISITION OF INTEGRATED 
      VISUAL AUGMENTATION SYSTEM.
    (a) Report Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than August 15, 2021, but after 
    completion of operational testing of the Integrated Visual 
    Augmentation System (IVAS), the Secretary of the Army shall submit 
    to the congressional defense committees a report on the Integrated 
    Visual Augmentation System.
        (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) The acquisition strategy for the Integrated Visual 
        Augmentation System, including an estimate of the average 
        production unit cost, a schedule for full-rate production, and 
        an identification of any hardware and software changes in the 
        System as a result of operational testing.
            (B) A description of the technology levels required for 
        full-rate production of the System.
            (C) A description of operational suitability and soldier 
        acceptability for the production-representative model System.
    (b) Assessment Required.--Not later than 30 days after the 
submittal of the report required by subsection (a), the Director of 
Operational Test and Evaluation shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees an assessment of the matters described pursuant to 
subparagraphs (B) and (C) of subsection (a)(2).
    (c) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
2021 for procurement of the Integrated Visual Augmentation System, not 
more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until the date on 
which the Secretary submits to the congressional defense committees the 
report required by subsection (a).
    SEC. 113. ASSESSMENT OF INVESTMENT AND SUSTAINMENT FOR PROCUREMENT 
      OF CANNON TUBES.
    (a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of the Army shall conduct 
an assessment of the development, production, procurement, and 
modernization of the defense industrial base for cannon and large 
caliber weapon tubes.
    (b) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report setting forth the assessment 
conducted under subsection (a).

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

    SEC. 121. LIMITATION ON ALTERATION OF THE NAVY FLEET MIX.
    (a) Limitation.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy may not deviate from 
    the large surface combatant requirements included in the 2016 Navy 
    Force Structure Assessment until the date on which the Secretary 
    submits to the congressional defense committees the certification 
    under paragraph (2) and the report under subsection (b).
        (2) Certification.--The certification referred to in paragraph 
    (1) is a certification, in writing, that the Navy can mitigate the 
    reduction in multi-mission large surface combatant requirements, 
    including anti-air and ballistic missile defense capabilities, due 
    to having a reduced number of DDG-51 Destroyers with the advanced 
    AN/SPY-6 radar in the next three decades.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report that includes--
        (1) a description of likely detrimental impacts to the large 
    surface combatant industrial base, and a plan to mitigate such 
    impacts, if the fiscal year 2021 future-years defense program is 
    implemented as proposed;
        (2) a review of the benefits to the Navy fleet of the new AN/
    SPY-6 radar to be deployed aboard Flight III variant DDG-51 
    Destroyers, which are currently under construction, as well as an 
    analysis of impacts to the warfighting capabilities of the fleet 
    should the number of such destroyers be reduced; and
        (3) a plan to fully implement section 131 of the National 
    Defense Authorization for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 
    Stat. 1237), including subsystem prototyping efforts and funding by 
    fiscal year.
    SEC. 122. LIMITATIONS ON NAVY MEDIUM AND LARGE UNMANNED SURFACE 
      VESSELS.
    (a) Milestone B Approval Requirements.--Milestone B approval may 
not be granted for a covered program unless such program accomplishes 
prior to and incorporates into such approval--
        (1) qualification by the Senior Technical Authority of--
            (A) at least one representative main propulsion system, 
        including the fuel and lube oil systems; and
            (B) at least one representative electrical generation and 
        distribution system;
        (2) final results of test programs of engineering development 
    models or prototypes showing that critical systems designated 
    pursuant to subparagraph (C) of section 8669b(c)(2) of title 10, 
    United States Code, are demonstrated as required by subparagraph 
    (I) of that section; and
        (3) a determination by the milestone decision authority of the 
    minimum number of vessels, discrete test events, performance 
    parameters to be tested, and schedule required to complete initial 
    operational test and evaluation and demonstrate operational 
    suitability and operational effectiveness.
    (b) Qualification Requires Operational Demonstration.--The 
qualification required in subsection (a)(1) shall include a land-based 
operational demonstration of the systems concerned in the vessel-
representative form, fit, and function for not less than 720 continuous 
hours without preventative maintenance, corrective maintenance, 
emergent repair, or any other form of repair or maintenance.
    (c) Use of Qualified Systems.--The Secretary of the Navy shall 
require that covered programs use only main propulsion systems and 
electrical generation and distribution systems that are qualified under 
subsection (a)(1).
    (d) Limitation on Contract Award or Funding.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary may not award a detail design or 
    construction contract, or obligate funds from a procurement 
    account, for a covered program until such program receives 
    Milestone B approval and the milestone decision authority notifies 
    the congressional defense committees, in writing, of the actions 
    taken to comply with the requirements under this section.
        (2) Exception.--The limitation in paragraph (1) does not apply 
    to advanced procurement for government-furnished equipment.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Covered program.--The term ``covered program'' means a 
    program for--
            (A) medium unmanned surface vessels; or
            (B) large unmanned surface vessels.
        (2) Milestone b approval.--The term ``Milestone B approval'' 
    has the meaning given the term in section 2366(e)(7) of title 10, 
    United States Code.
        (3) Milestone decision authority.--The term ``milestone 
    decision authority'' means the official within the Department of 
    Defense designated with the overall responsibility and authority 
    for acquisition decisions for an acquisition program, including 
    authority to approve entry of the program into the next phase of 
    the acquisition process.
        (4) Senior technical authority.--The term ``Senior Technical 
    Authority'' has the meaning provided for in section 8669b of title 
    10, United States Code.
    SEC. 123. FIGHTER FORCE STRUCTURE ACQUISITION STRATEGY.
    (a) Submittal of Strategy Required.--Not later than March 1, 2021, 
the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a strategy for the Navy for tactical fighter aircraft force 
structure acquisition that aligns with the stated capability and 
capacity requirements of the Department of the Navy to meet the 
National Defense Strategy.
    (b) Limitation on Deviation From Strategy.--The Secretary of the 
Navy may not deviate from the strategy submitted under subsection (a) 
until--
        (1) the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Chairman 
    of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, approves the deviation, in writing; 
    and
        (2) the Secretary of Defense provides the congressional defense 
    committees the approval of the deviation, together with a 
    justification for the deviation.
    SEC. 124. PROCUREMENT AUTHORITIES FOR CERTAIN AMPHIBIOUS 
      SHIPBUILDING PROGRAMS.
    (a) Contract Authority.--
        (1) Procurement authorized.--In fiscal year 2021, the Secretary 
    of the Navy may enter into one or more contracts for the 
    procurement of three San Antonio-class amphibious ships and one 
    America-class amphibious ship.
        (2) Procurement in conjunction with existing contracts.--The 
    ships authorized to be procured under paragraph (1) may be procured 
    as additions to existing contracts covering such programs.
    (b) Certification Required.--A contract may not be entered into 
under subsection (a) unless the Secretary of the Navy certifies to the 
congressional defense committees, in writing, not later than 30 days 
before entry into the contract, each of the following, which shall be 
prepared by the milestone decision authority for such programs:
        (1) The use of such a contract is consistent with the projected 
    force structure requirements of the Department of the Navy for 
    amphibious ships.
        (2) The use of such a contract will result in significant 
    savings compared to the total anticipated costs of carrying out the 
    program through annual contracts. In certifying cost savings under 
    the preceding sentence, the Secretary shall include a written 
    explanation of--
            (A) the estimated end cost and appropriated funds by fiscal 
        year, by hull, without the authority provided in subsection 
        (a);
            (B) the estimated end cost and appropriated funds by fiscal 
        year, by hull, with the authority provided in subsection (a);
            (C) the estimated cost savings or increase by fiscal year, 
        by hull, with the authority provided in subsection (a);
            (D) the discrete actions that will accomplish such cost 
        savings or avoidance; and
            (E) the contractual actions that will ensure the estimated 
        cost savings are realized.
        (3) There is a reasonable expectation that throughout the 
    contemplated contract period the Secretary will request funding for 
    the contract at the level required to avoid contract cancellation.
        (4) There is a stable design for the property to be acquired 
    and the technical risks associated with such property are not 
    excessive.
        (5) The estimates of both the cost of the contract and the 
    anticipated cost avoidance through the use of a contract authorized 
    under subsection (a) are realistic.
        (6) The use of such a contract will promote the national 
    security of the United States.
        (7) During the fiscal year in which such contract is to be 
    awarded, sufficient funds will be available to perform the contract 
    in such fiscal year, and the future-years defense program (as 
    defined under section 221 of title 10, United States Code) for such 
    fiscal year will include the funding required to execute the 
    program without cancellation.
    (c) Authority for Advance Procurement.--The Secretary of the Navy 
may enter into one or more contracts for advance procurement associated 
with a vessel or vessels for which authorization to enter into a 
contract is provided under subsection (a), and for systems and 
subsystems associated with such vessels in economic order quantities 
when cost savings are achievable.
    (d) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year is 
subject to the availability of appropriations for that purpose for such 
fiscal year.
    (e) Milestone Decision Authority Defined.--In this section. the 
term ``milestone decision authority'' has the meaning given the term in 
section 2366a(d) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 125. LAND-BASED TEST PROGRAM FOR THE FFG(X) FRIGATE PROGRAM.
    (a) Test Program for Engineering Plant Required.--Prior to the 
delivery date of the lead ship in the FFG(X) Frigate class of vessels, 
the Secretary of the Navy shall commence a land-based test program for 
the engineering plant of such class of vessels.
    (b) Administration.--The test program required by subsection (a) 
shall be administered by the Senior Technical Authority for the FFG(X) 
Frigate class of vessels.
    (c) Elements.--The test program required by subsection (a) shall 
include, at a minimum, testing of the following equipment in vessel-
representative form:
        (1) Main Reduction Gear.
        (2) Electrical Propulsion Motors.
        (3) Other propulsion drive train components.
        (4) Main propulsion system.
        (5) Auxiliary propulsion unit.
        (6) Electrical generation system,
        (7) Shipboard control systems.
        (8) Power control modules,
    (d) Test Objectives.--The test program required by subsection (a) 
shall include, at a minimum, the following test objectives demonstrated 
across the full range of engineering plant operations for the FFG(X) 
Frigate class of vessels:
        (1) Test of the full propulsion drive train.
        (2) Test and facilitation of machinery control systems 
    integration.
        (3) Simulation of the full range of electrical demands to 
    enable the investigation of load dynamics between the Hull, 
    Mechanical and Electrical equipment, Combat System, and auxiliary 
    equipment.
    (e) Completion Date.--The Secretary shall complete the test program 
required by subsection (a) by not later than the date on which the lead 
ship in the FFG(X) Frigate class of vessels is scheduled to be 
available for tasking by operational military commanders.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Delivery date.--The term ``delivery date'' has the meaning 
    provided for in section 8671 of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) Senior technical authority.--The term ``Senior Technical 
    Authority'' has the meaning provided for in section 8669b of title 
    10, United States Code.
    SEC. 126. TREATMENT IN FUTURE BUDGETS OF THE PRESIDENT OF SYSTEMS 
      ADDED BY CONGRESS.
    In the event the procurement quantity for a system authorized by 
Congress in a National Defense Authorization Act for a fiscal year, and 
for which funds for such procurement quantity are appropriated by 
Congress in the Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy account for such 
fiscal year, exceeds the procurement quantity specified in the budget 
of the President, as submitted to Congress under section 1105 of title 
31, United States Code, for such fiscal year, such excess procurement 
quantity shall not be specified as a new procurement quantity in any 
budget of the President, as so submitted, for any fiscal year after 
such fiscal year.
    SEC. 127. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR 
      NAVY WATERBORNE SECURITY BARRIERS.
    Section 130(a) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1665), as 
amended by section 126 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1235), is further 
amended by striking ``for fiscal year 2019 or fiscal year 2020'' and 
inserting ``for fiscal years 2019, 2020, or 2021''.
    SEC. 128. REPORT ON STRATEGY TO USE ALQ-249 NEXT GENERATION JAMMER 
      TO ENSURE FULL SPECTRUM ELECTROMAGNETIC SUPERIORITY.
    (a) Report.--Not later than July 30, 2021, the Secretary of the 
Navy, in consultation with the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs, shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report with a strategy 
to ensure full spectrum electromagnetic superiority using the ALQ-249 
Next Generation Jammer.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following elements:
        (1) A description of the current procurement strategy for the 
    ALQ-249, and the analysis of its capability to meet the radio 
    frequency (RF) ranges required in highly contested and denied 
    environment conflicts.
        (2) An assessment of the compatibility and ability of the ALQ-
    249 to synchronize non-kinetic fires using other Joint Electronic 
    Warfare (EW) platforms.
        (3) A future model of an interlinked/interdependent electronic 
    warfare menu of options for commanders at tactical, operational, 
    and strategic levels.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

    SEC. 131. MINIMUM OPERATIONAL SQUADRON LEVEL.
    (a) Policy on Air Force Aviation Force Structure.--As soon as 
practicable after the date of the enactment of this Act and subject to 
the availability of appropriations, the Secretary of the Air Force 
shall seek to achieve the capabilities provided by a minimum of 386 
available operational squadrons, or equivalent organizational units. In 
addition, the Secretary shall seek to achieve not fewer than 3,580 
combat coded aircraft within the Air Force.
    (b) Exception to Policy.--If, based on the fielding of new 
capabilities and formal force structure capability assessments 
supporting the most recent National Defense Strategy, the Secretary of 
the Air Force, in consultation with the Chief of Staff of the Air Force 
and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, makes a determination 
that a modification to the quantity of operational squadrons or combat-
coded aircraft in subsection (a) is necessary, the Secretary shall 
submit a report at the earliest opportunity to the congressional 
defense committees describing the modifications of the revised force 
structure and how the quantity of combat coded aircraft and operational 
squadrons developed supports a moderate operational risk force 
structure in support of the National Defense Strategy.
    (c) Expiration of Policy.--The policy in subsection (a) shall 
expire on September 30, 2025.
    (d) Moderate Operational Risk Defined.--In this section, the term 
``moderate operational risk'' shall be construed as defined in the most 
recent publication of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Manual 
3105.01 titled ``Joint Risk Analysis''.
    SEC. 132. MODIFICATION OF FORCE STRUCTURE OBJECTIVES FOR BOMBER 
      AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Minimum Level for All Bomber Aircraft.--
        (1) In general.--During the period beginning on the date of the 
    enactment of this Act and ending on October 1, 2025, the Secretary 
    of the Air Force shall, except as provided in paragraph (2), 
    maintain not less than 92 bomber aircraft based on the Primary 
    Mission Aircraft Inventory (PMAI) of the Air Force.
        (2) Exception.--The Secretary may reduce the number of aircraft 
    required by the Primary Mission Aircraft Inventory below the number 
    specified in paragraph (1) if the Secretary determines, on a case-
    by-case basis, that a bomber aircraft is no longer to be so 
    required because such aircraft is no longer mission capable due to 
    mishap or other damage, or being uneconomical to repair.
    (b) Repeal of Minimum B-1 Inventory Requirement.--Section 9062 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking subsection (h).
    (c) Preservation of Certain B-1 Aircraft and Maintenance 
Personnel.--Until the date on which the Secretary determines that the 
B-21 bomber aircraft has attained initial operating capability, the 
Secretary--
        (1) shall preserve four B-1 aircraft that are retired pursuant 
    to subsection (a), in a manner that ensures the components and 
    parts of each such aircraft are maintained in reclaimable condition 
    that is consistent with type 2000 recallable storage, or better; 
    and
        (2) may not reduce the number of billets assigned to 
    maintenance of B-1 aircraft in effect on January 1, 2020.
    SEC. 133. MINIMUM BOMBER AIRCRAFT FORCE LEVEL.
    (a) In General.--Not later than February 1, 2021, the Secretary of 
the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report with recommendations for the bomber aircraft force structure 
that enables the Air Force to meet the requirements of its long-range 
strike mission under the National Defense Strategy.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
each of the following elements:
        (1) The bomber force structure necessary to meet the 
    requirements of the long-range strike mission of the Air Force 
    under the National Defense Strategy, including--
            (A) the total minimum number of bomber aircraft; and
            (B) the minimum number of primary mission aircraft.
        (2) The penetrating bomber force structure necessary to meet 
    the requirements of the long-range strike mission of the Air Force 
    in contested or denied environments under the National Defense 
    Strategy, including--
            (A) the total minimum number of penetrating bomber 
        aircraft; and
            (B) the minimum number of primary mission penetrating 
        bomber aircraft.
        (3) A roadmap outlining how the Air Force plans to reach the 
    force structure identified under paragraphs (1) and (2), including 
    an established goal date for achieving the minimum number of bomber 
    aircraft.
    (c) Form.--The report under subsection (a) shall be submitted in 
unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (d) Publication.--The Secretary shall make available to the public 
the unclassified form of the report submitted under subsection (a).
    (e) Bomber Aircraft Defined.--In this section, the term ``bomber 
aircraft'' includes penetrating bombers in addition to B-52H aircraft.
    SEC. 134. REQUIRED MINIMUM INVENTORY OF TACTICAL AIRLIFT AIRCRAFT.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain--
        (1) a total primary mission aircraft inventory of 230 aircraft; 
    and
        (2) a total tactical airlift aircraft inventory of not less 
    than 287 aircraft.
    (b) Exception.--The Secretary of the Air Force may reduce the 
number of C-130 aircraft in the Air Force below the minimum number 
specified in subsection (a) if the Secretary of the Air Force 
determines, on a case-by-case basis, that an aircraft is no longer 
mission capable because of a mishap or other damage.
    (c) Savings Clause.--During fiscal year 2021, the Secretary of the 
Air Force is prohibited from reducing the total tactical airlift 
aircraft inventory entirely from the National Guard.
    (d) Sunset.--This section shall not apply after October 1, 2021.
    SEC. 135. INVENTORY REQUIREMENTS FOR AIR REFUELING TANKER AIRCRAFT.
    (a) In General.--During the period beginning on the date of the 
enactment of this Act and ending on October 1, 2025, the Secretary of 
the Air Force shall maintain not less than 412 tanker aircraft based on 
Primary Mission Aircraft Inventory (PMAI) of the Air Force.
    (b) Minimum Inventory Requirements for KC-10A Aircraft.--Except as 
provided in subsection (e)(1):
        (1) Fiscal year 2021.--During the period beginning on the date 
    of the enactment of this Act and ending on October 1, 2021, the 
    Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain a minimum of 50 KC-10A 
    aircraft designated as primary mission aircraft inventory.
        (2) Fiscal year 2022.--During the period beginning on October 
    1, 2021, and ending on October 1, 2022, the Secretary of the Air 
    Force shall maintain a minimum of 38 KC-10A aircraft designated as 
    primary mission aircraft inventory.
        (3) Fiscal year 2023.--During the period beginning on October 
    1, 2022, and ending on October 1, 2023, the Secretary of the Air 
    Force shall maintain a minimum of 26 KC-10A aircraft designated as 
    primary mission aircraft inventory.
    (c) Prohibition on Retirement of KC-135 Aircraft.--Except as 
provided in subsection (e), during the period beginning on the date of 
the enactment of this Act and ending on October 1, 2023, the Secretary 
of the Air Force may not retire, or prepare to retire, any KC-135 
aircraft.
    (d) KC-135 Aircraft Fleet Management.--None of the funds authorized 
to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal 
year 2021 for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to reduce the 
number of KC-135 aircraft designated as primary mission aircraft 
inventory.
    (e) Exceptions.--
        (1) KC-10A aircraft.--The requirement in subsection (b) shall 
    not apply to an aircraft otherwise required to be maintained by 
    that subsection if the the Secretary of the Air Force determines, 
    on a case-by-case basis, that such aircraft is no longer mission 
    capable due to mishap or other damage, or being uneconomical to 
    repair.
        (2) KC-135 aircraft.--The requirement in subsection (c) shall 
    not apply to an aircraft otherwise required to be maintained by 
    that subsection if the Secretary of the Air Force--
            (A) at any time during the period beginning on the date of 
        the enactment of this Act and ending on October 1, 2023, 
        determines, on a case-by-case basis, that such aircraft is no 
        longer mission capable due to mishap or other damage, or being 
        uneconomical to repair; or
            (B) during fiscal year 2023, certifies in writing to the 
        congressional defense committees, not later than 30 days before 
        the date of divestment of such aircraft, that the Air Force can 
        meet combatant command tanker aircraft requirements by 
        leveraging Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve capacity 
        with increased Military Personnel Appropriation (MPA) Man-day 
        Tours to the reserve force.
    (f) Primary Mission Aircraft Inventory Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``primary mission aircraft inventory'' has the meaning given 
that term in section 9062(i)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 136. AUTHORITY TO USE F-35A FIGHTER AIRCRAFT AT-1 THROUGH AT-
      6.
    (a) In General.--Subject to written approval by the Secretary of 
Defense to the Secretary of the Air Force, the Secretary of the Air 
Force is authorized to utilize, modify, and operate the six F-35A 
aircraft designated as AT-1 through AT-6 that are possessed by the 
United Government and currently reside in long-term storage at Edwards 
Air Force Base, California.
    (b) Notice on Approval.--Not later than 15 days after the Secretary 
of Defense provides written approval to the Secretary of the Air Force 
as described in subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall provide 
a copy of the written approval to the congressional defense committees.
    SEC. 137. F-35 AIRCRAFT GUN SYSTEM AMMUNITION.
    The Director of the F-35 Joint Program Office shall, in 
consultation with the Secretary of the Air Force, take appropriate 
actions to ensure that any 25mm ammunition fielded for use by F-35A 
aircraft--
        (1) provides effective full-spectrum target engagement 
    capability; and
        (2) meets the required operational employment probability of 
    kill specifications for the F-35A aircraft.
    SEC. 138. EXTENSION OF LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR 
      RETIREMENT OF RC-135 AIRCRAFT.
    Section 148(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1243) is amended by inserting 
``, or for fiscal year 2021,'' after ``for fiscal year 2020''.
    SEC. 139. MODIFICATION TO LIMITATION ON RETIREMENT OF U-2 AND RQ-4 
      AIRCRAFT.
    Section 136 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1317) is amended by striking 
subsection (b) and inserting the following new subsection (b):
    ``(b) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive a certification 
requirement under paragraphs (1) or (2) of subsection (a) with respect 
to U-2 aircraft or RQ-4 aircraft if the Secretary--
        ``(1) with respect to the requirement under paragraph (1) of 
    that subsection--
            ``(A) determines, after analyzing sufficient and relevant 
        data, that a greater capability is worth increased operating 
        and sustainment costs; and
            ``(B) provides to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
        certification on such determination and supporting analysis; 
        and
        ``(2) with respect to the requirement under paragraph (2) of 
    that subsection--
            ``(A) determines, after analyzing sufficient and relevant 
        data, that a loss in capacity and capability will not prevent 
        the combatant commands from accomplishing their missions at 
        acceptable levels of risk; and
            ``(B) provides to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
        certification of such determination and supporting analysis.''.
    SEC. 140. MODIFICATION OF LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR 
      RETIREMENT OF E-8 JSTARS AIRCRAFT.
    Section 147 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1669) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``certifies to the 
    congressional defense committees that Increment 2 of the Advanced 
    Battle-Management System of the Air Force has declared initial 
    operational capability as defined in the Capability Development 
    Document for the System'' and inserting ``certifies to the 
    congressional defense committees that--
        ``(1) the Secretary has identified--
            ``(A) a capability with sufficient capacity to replace the 
        current fleet of 16 E-8 Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar 
        System aircraft in a manner that meets global combatant command 
        requirements; and
            ``(B) potential global basing locations for such 
        capability; and
        ``(2) such replacement capability delivers capabilities that 
    are comparable or superior to the capabilities delivered by such 
    aircraft.''; and
        (2) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``Increment 1, 2, and 
        3''; and
            (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``until Increment 2 of 
        the Advanced Battle-Management System declares initial 
        operational capability'' and inserting ``until the Advanced 
        Battle Management System delivers equivalent capability''.
    SEC. 141. LIMITATION ON DIVESTMENT OF F-15C AIRCRAFT WITHIN THE 
      EUROPEAN THEATER.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Air Force may not divest any 
F-15C aircraft within the area of responsibility of the United States 
European Command until 180 days after the report required by subsection 
(b) is submitted to the congressional defense committees.
    (b) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the Commander of 
    the United States European Command shall, in consultation with the 
    Commander of United States Air Forces Europe, submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a report that describes the 
    strategy, force structure construct and capacity, and strategy 
    implementation plan to replace the capability and capacity provided 
    by the F-15C aircraft in the area of responsibility of the United 
    States European Command in a manner that maintains an inherent and 
    equal or better air superiority capability and capacity to that 
    provided by the F-15C aircraft in that area of responsibility.
        (2) Form.--The report under paragraph (1) shall submitted in 
    unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.
    SEC. 142. MODERNIZATION PLAN FOR AIRBORNE INTELLIGENCE, 
      SURVEILLANCE, AND RECONNAISSANCE.
    (a) Modernization Plan.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall develop a 
    comprehensive plan for the modernization of airborne intelligence, 
    surveillance, and reconnaissance, which shall--
            (A) ensure the alignment between requirements, both current 
        and future, and Air Force budget submissions to meet such 
        requirements; and
            (B) inform the preparation of future defense program and 
        budget requests by the Secretary, and the consideration of such 
        requests by Congress.
        (2) Elements.--The plan required by paragraph (1) shall include 
    the following:
            (A) An assessment of all airborne intelligence, 
        surveillance, and reconnaissance missions, both current 
        missions and future missions anticipated to be necessary to 
        support the national defense strategy.
            (B) An analysis of platforms, capabilities, and capacities 
        necessary to fulfill such current and future missions.
            (C) The anticipated life-cycle budget associated with each 
        platform, capability, and capacity requirement for both current 
        and anticipated future requirements.
            (D) An analysis showing operational, budget, and schedule 
        trade-offs between sustainment of currently fielded 
        capabilities, modernization of currently fielded capabilities, 
        and development and production of new capabilities.
    (b) Report to Congress.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than March 30, 2021, the Secretary 
    of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees a report that includes--
            (A) the comprehensive modernization plan required by 
        subsection (a); and
            (B) a strategy for carrying out such plan through fiscal 
        year 2030.
        (2) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall be 
    submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    SEC. 143. RC-26B MANNED INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE, AND 
      RECONNAISSANCE AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2021 for the Air Force may be obligated or 
expended to retire, divest, realign, or place in storage or on backup 
aircraft inventory status, or prepare to retire, divest, realign, or 
place in storage or on backup aircraft inventory status, any RC-26B 
aircraft.
    (b) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not apply to 
individual RC-26B aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force 
determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no longer mission capable 
because of mishap or other damage.
    (c) Funding for Aircraft Platform.--
        (1) Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 
    2021 by section 301 for operation and maintenance and available for 
    operation and maintenance, Air National Guard, as specified in the 
    funding table in section 4301, the Secretary of the Air Force may 
    transfer up to $18,500,000 to be used in support of the RC-26B 
    manned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance platform.
        (2) Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 
    2021 by section 421 and available for military personnel for 
    military personnel, Air National Guard, specified in the funding 
    table in section 4401, the Secretary of the Air Force may transfer 
    up to $13,000,000 to be used in support of personnel who operate 
    and maintain the RC-26B manned intelligence, surveillance, and 
    reconnaissance platform.
    (d) Memoranda of Agreement.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, the Secretary of Defense may enter into one or more memoranda of 
agreement or cost sharing agreements with other departments and 
agencies of the Federal Government under which the RC-26B aircraft may 
be used to assist with the missions and activities of such departments 
and agencies.
    SEC. 144. PROHIBITION ON FUNDING FOR CLOSE AIR SUPPORT INTEGRATION 
      GROUP.
    No funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act may be obligated 
or expended for the Close Air Support Integration Group (CIG) or its 
subordinate units at Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada, and the Air Force 
may not utilize personnel or equipment in support of the CIG or its 
subordinate units.
    SEC. 145. REQUIRED SOLUTION FOR KC-46 AIRCRAFT REMOTE VISUAL SYSTEM 
      LIMITATIONS.
    The Secretary of the Air Force shall develop and implement a 
complete, permanent solution to the KC-46 aircraft remote visual system 
(RVS) operational limitations. Not later than February 1, 2021, the 
Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees an 
implementation strategy for the solution.
    SEC. 146. ANALYSIS OF MOVING TARGET INDICATOR REQUIREMENTS AND 
      ADVANCED BATTLE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM CAPABILITIES.
    (a) Analysis.--Not later than April 1, 2021, the Secretary of the 
Air Force, in consultation with the commanders of the combatant 
commands, shall develop an analysis of current and future moving target 
indicator requirements across the combatant commands and operational 
and tactical level command and control capabilities the Advanced Battle 
Management System (ABMS) will require when fielded.
    (b) JROC Requirements.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the Secretary of 
    the Air Force develops the analysis under subsection (a), the Joint 
    Requirements Oversight Council (JROC) shall certify that 
    requirements for the Advanced Battle Management System incorporate 
    the findings of the analysis.
        (2) Congressional notification.--The Joint Requirements 
    Oversight Council shall notify the congressional defense committees 
    upon making the certification required under paragraph (1), and 
    provide a briefing on the requirements and findings described in 
    such paragraph not later than 30 days after such notification.
    SEC. 147. STUDY ON MEASURES TO ASSESS COST-PER-EFFECT FOR KEY 
      MISSION AREAS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than January 1, 2021, the Secretary of 
the Air Force shall provide for the performance of an independent study 
designed to devise new measures to assess cost-per-effect for key 
mission areas of the Air Force. The study shall be conducted by a 
Federally funded research and development center selected by the 
Secretary for purposes of the study.
    (b) Scope.--The study conducted pursuant to subsection (a) shall 
address the following matters:
        (1) Number of weapon systems required to meet a specified 
    mission goal.
        (2) Number of personnel required to meet a specified mission 
    goal.
        (3) Associated operation and maintenance costs necessary to 
    facilitate respective operational constructs.
        (4) Basing requirements for respective force constructs.
        (5) Mission support elements required to facilitate specified 
    operations.
        (6) Defensive measures required to facilitate viable mission 
    operations.
        (7) Attrition due to enemy countermeasures and other loss 
    factors associated with respective technologies.
        (8) Associated weapon effects costs compared to alternative 
    forms of power projection.
    (c) Implementation of Measures.--The Secretary shall, as the 
Secretary considers appropriate, incorporate the findings of the study 
conducted pursuant to subsection (a) into the future force development 
processes of the Air Force. The measures--
        (1) should be domain and platform agnostic;
        (2) should focus on how best to achieve mission goals in future 
    operations; and
        (3) shall consider including cost-per-effect metrics as a key 
    performance parameter for any Air Force acquisition programs that 
    enter the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System 
    (JCIDS) requirements process of the Department of Defense.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

    SEC. 151. BUDGETING FOR LIFE-CYCLE COSTS OF AIRCRAFT FOR THE ARMY, 
      NAVY, AND AIR FORCE.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 9 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 231 the following new section:
``Sec. 231a. Budgeting for life-cycle costs of aircraft for the Army, 
    Navy, and Air Force: annual plan and certification
    ``(a) Annual Aircraft Procurement Plan and Certification.--Not 
later than 30 days after the date on which the President submits to 
Congress the budget for a fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees the following:
        ``(1) A plan for the procurement of the aircraft specified in 
    subsection (b) for each of the Department of the Army, the 
    Department of the Navy, and the Department of the Air Force 
    developed in accordance with this section.
        ``(2) A certification by the Secretary that both the budget for 
    such fiscal year and the future-years defense program submitted to 
    Congress in relation to such budget under section 221 of this title 
    provide for funding of the procurement of aircraft at a level that 
    is sufficient for the procurement of the aircraft provided for in 
    the plan under paragraph (1) on the schedule provided in the plan.
    ``(b) Covered Aircraft.--The aircraft specified in this subsection 
are the aircraft as follows:
        ``(1) Fighter aircraft.
        ``(2) Attack aircraft.
        ``(3) Bomber aircraft.
        ``(4) Intertheater lift aircraft.
        ``(5) Intratheater lift aircraft.
        ``(6) Intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance aircraft.
        ``(7) Tanker aircraft.
        ``(8) Remotely piloted aircraft.
        ``(9) Rotary-wing aircraft.
        ``(10) Operational support and executive lift aircraft.
        ``(11) Any other major support aircraft designated by the 
    Secretary of Defense for purposes of this section.
    ``(c) Annual Aircraft Procurement Plan.--(1) The annual aircraft 
procurement plan developed for a fiscal year for purposes of subsection 
(a) should be designed so that the aviation force provided for under 
the plan is capable of supporting the national military strategy of the 
United States as set forth in the most recent National Defense Strategy 
submitted under section 113(g) of this title and the most recent 
National Military Strategy submitted under section 153(b) of this 
title.
    ``(2) Each annual aircraft procurement plan shall include the 
following:
        ``(A) A detailed program for the procurement of the aircraft 
    specified in subsection (b) for each of the Department of the Army, 
    the Department of the Navy, and the Department of the Air Force 
    over the next 15 fiscal years.
        ``(B) A description of the aviation force structure necessary 
    to meet the requirements of the national military strategy of the 
    United States.
        ``(C) The estimated levels of annual investment funding 
    necessary to carry out each aircraft program, together with a 
    discussion of the procurement strategies on which such estimated 
    levels of annual investment funding are based, set forth in 
    aggregate for the Department of Defense and in aggregate for each 
    military department.
        ``(D) The estimated level of annual funding necessary to 
    operate, maintain, sustain, and support each aircraft program 
    throughout the life-cycle of the program, set forth in aggregate 
    for the Department of Defense and in aggregate for each military 
    department.
        ``(E) For each of the cost estimates required by subparagraphs 
    (C) and (D)--
            ``(i) a description of whether the cost estimate is derived 
        from the cost estimate position of the military department 
        concerned or from the cost estimate position of the Office of 
        Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation;
            ``(ii) if the cost estimate position of the military 
        department and the cost estimate position of the Office of Cost 
        Assessment and Program Evaluation differ by more than 5 percent 
        for any aircraft program, an annotated cost estimate difference 
        and sufficient rationale to explain the difference;
            ``(iii) the confidence or certainty level associated with 
        the cost estimate for each aircraft program; and
            ``(iv) a certification that the calculations from which the 
        cost estimate is derived are based on common cost categories 
        used by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment for calculating the life-cycle cost of an aircraft 
        program.
        ``(F) An assessment by the Secretary of Defense of the extent 
    to which the combined aircraft forces of the Department of the 
    Army, the Department of the Navy, and the Department of the Air 
    Force meet the national security requirements of the United States.
    ``(3) For any cost estimate required by subparagraph (C) or (D) of 
paragraph (2) for any aircraft program for which the Secretary is 
required to include in a report under section 2432 of this title, the 
source of the cost information used to prepare the annual aircraft plan 
shall be derived from the Selected Acquisition Report data that the 
Secretary plans to submit to the congressional defense committees in 
accordance with subsection (f) of that section for the year for which 
the annual aircraft procurement plan is prepared.
    ``(4) Each annual aircraft procurement plan shall be submitted in 
unclassified form, and shall contain a classified annex. A summary 
version of the unclassified report shall be made available to the 
public.
    ``(d) Assessment When Aircraft Procurement Budget Is Insufficient 
to Meet Applicable Requirements.--If the budget for any fiscal year 
provides for funding of the procurement of aircraft for the Department 
of the Army, the Department of the Navy, or the Department of the Air 
Force at a level that is not sufficient to sustain the aviation force 
structure specified in the aircraft procurement plan for such 
Department for that fiscal year under subsection (a), the Secretary 
shall include with the defense budget materials for that fiscal year an 
assessment that describes the funding shortfall and discusses the risks 
associated with the reduced force structure of aircraft that will 
result from funding aircraft procurement at such level. The assessment 
shall be coordinated in advance with the commanders of the combatant 
commands.
    ``(e) Annual Report on Aircraft Inventory.--(1) As part of the 
annual plan and certification required to be submitted under this 
section, the Secretary shall include a report on the aircraft in the 
inventory of the Department of Defense.
    ``(2) Each report under paragraph (1) shall include the following, 
for the year covered by such report, the following:
        ``(A) The total number of aircraft in the inventory.
        ``(B) The total number of the aircraft in the inventory that 
    are active, stated in the following categories (with appropriate 
    subcategories for mission aircraft, training aircraft, dedicated 
    test aircraft, and other aircraft):
            ``(i) Primary aircraft.
            ``(ii) Backup aircraft.
            ``(iii) Attrition and reconstitution reserve aircraft.
        ``(C) The total number of the aircraft in the inventory that 
    are inactive, stated in the following categories:
            ``(i) Bailment aircraft.
            ``(ii) Drone aircraft.
            ``(iii) Aircraft for sale or other transfer to foreign 
        governments.
            ``(iv) Leased or loaned aircraft.
            ``(v) Aircraft for maintenance training.
            ``(vi) Aircraft for reclamation.
            ``(vii) Aircraft in storage.
        ``(D) The aircraft inventory requirements approved by the Joint 
    Chiefs of Staff.
    ``(3) Each report under paragraph (1) shall set forth each item 
specified in paragraph (2) separately for the regular component of each 
armed force and for each reserve component of each armed force and, for 
each such component, shall set forth each type, model, and series of 
aircraft provided for in the future-years defense program that covers 
the fiscal year for which the budget accompanying the plan, 
certification and report is submitted.
    ``(f) Budget Defined.--In this section, the term `budget' means the 
budget of the President for a fiscal year as submitted to Congress 
pursuant to section 1105 of title 31.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 9 of such title is amended by inserting after the item relating 
to section 231 the following new item:

``231a. Budgeting for life-cycle costs of aircraft for the Army, Navy, 
          and Air Force: annual plan and certification.''.
    SEC. 152. TRANSFER OF RESPONSIBILITIES AND FUNCTIONS RELATING TO 
      ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM OPERATIONS.
    (a) Transfer.--Not later than two years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act and in accordance with the plan developed 
pursuant to subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense shall transfer to 
an appropriate entity within the Department of Defense all the 
responsibilities and functions of the Commander of the United States 
Strategic Command that are germane to electromagnetic spectrum 
operations (EMSO), including--
        (1) advocacy for joint electronic warfare capabilities;
        (2) providing contingency electronic warfare support to other 
    combatant commands; and
        (3) supporting combatant command joint training and planning 
    related to electromagnetic spectrum operations.
    (b) Plan for Transfer of Responsibilities.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days before the date of the 
    transfer of responsibilities required by subsection (a), the 
    Secretary shall develop a plan to carry out the transfer.
        (2) Considerations.--In developing the plan required by 
    paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consider the following:
            (A) All appropriate entities having potential for 
        designation as the receiving electromagnetic spectrum 
        operations organization, including elements of the Joint Staff, 
        the functional and geographic combatant commands, Department of 
        Defense offices and agencies, and other organizations, 
        including the establishment of a new entity for that purpose 
        within any such entity.
            (B) Whether the receiving electromagnetic spectrum 
        operations organization should have a unitary structure or 
        hybrid structure (in which operational and capability 
        development and direction are headed by separate 
        organizations).
            (C) The resources required by the receiving electromagnetic 
        spectrum operations organization to fulfill the 
        responsibilities and functions specified in subsection (a).
            (D) The results of the evaluations carried out pursuant to 
        subsections (c) and (d).
        (3) Submittal to congress.--Not later than 180 days before the 
    date of the transfer of responsibilities required by subsection 
    (a), the Secretary shall submit to Congress the following:
            (A) The plan developed under paragraph (1).
            (B) The construct and elements of the receiving 
        electromagnetic spectrum operations organization under the 
        plan, including the allocation of responsibilities among senior 
        officials in such organization.
            (C) The analysis conducted to determine the electromagnetic 
        spectrum operations organization, including the input in the 
        plan or analysis of the results of consultation with any 
        independent entities involved in development of the plan.
            (D) The resources required to implement the plan, and a 
        timeline for the receiving electromagnetic spectrum operations 
        organization to reach initial operational capability and full 
        operational capability.
    (c) Evaluations of Armed Forces.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than October 1, 2021, and annually 
    thereafter through 2025, the Chief of Staff of the Army, the Chief 
    of Naval Operations, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, the 
    Commandant of the Marine Corps, and the Chief of Space Operations 
    shall each carry out an evaluation of the ability of the Armed 
    Force concerned to perform electromagnetic spectrum operations 
    missions required by each of the following:
            (A) The Electromagnetic Spectrum Superiority Strategy.
            (B) The Joint Staff-developed concept of operations for 
        electromagnetic spectrum operations.
            (C) The operations and contingency plans of the combatant 
        commands.
        (2) Elements.--Each evaluation under paragraph (1) shall 
    include assessment of the following:
            (A) Current programs of record, including--
                (i) the ability of weapon systems to perform missions 
            in contested electromagnetic spectrum environments; and
                (ii) the ability of electronic warfare capabilities to 
            disrupt adversary operations.
            (B) Future programs of record, including--
                (i) the need for distributed or network-centric 
            electronic warfare and signals intelligence capabilities; 
            and
                (ii) the need for automated and machine learning- or 
            artificial intelligence-assisted electronic warfare 
            capabilities.
            (C) Order of battle.
            (D) Individual and unit training.
            (E) Tactics, techniques, and procedures, including--
                (i) maneuver, distribution of assets, and the use of 
            decoys; and
                (ii) integration of nonkinetic and kinetic fires.
    (d) Evaluations of Combatant Commands.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than October 1, 2021, and annually 
    thereafter through 2025, the Commander of the United States 
    European Command, the Commander of the United States Pacific 
    Command, and the Commander of the United States Central Command 
    shall each carry out an evaluation of the plans and posture of the 
    command concerned to execute the electromagnetic spectrum 
    operations envisioned in each of the following:
            (A) The Electromagnetic Spectrum Superiority Strategy.
            (B) The Joint Staff-developed concept of operations for 
        electromagnetic spectrum operations.
        (2) Elements.--Each evaluation under paragraph (1) shall 
    include assessment of the following:
            (A) Operation and contingency plans.
            (B) The manning, organizational alignment, and capability 
        of joint electromagnetic spectrum operations cells.
            (C) Mission rehearsal and exercises.
            (D) Force positioning, posture, and readiness.
    (e) Semiannual Briefing.--Not less frequently than twice each year 
until January 1, 2026, the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
shall brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives on the implementation of this section by each 
of the Joint Staff, the Armed Forces, and the combatant commands.
    SEC. 153. CRYPTOGRAPHIC MODERNIZATION SCHEDULES.
    (a) Cryptographic Modernization Schedules Required.--Each of the 
Secretaries of the military departments and the heads of relevant 
Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities shall 
establish and maintain a cryptographic modernization schedule that 
specifies, for each pertinent weapon system, command and control 
system, or data link under the jurisdiction of such Secretary or head, 
including those that use commercial encryption technologies (as 
relevant), the following:
        (1) The last year of use for applicable cryptographic 
    algorithms.
        (2) Anticipated key extension requests for systems where 
    cryptographic modernization is assessed to be overly burdensome and 
    expensive or to provide limited operational utility.
        (3) The funding and deployment schedule for modernized 
    cryptographic algorithms, keys, and equipment over the future-years 
    defense program submitted to Congress pursuant to section 221 of 
    title 10, United States Code, in 2021 together with the budget of 
    the President for fiscal year 2022.
    (b) Requirements for Chief Information Officer.--The Chief 
Information Officer of the Department of Defense shall--
        (1) oversee the construction and implementation of the 
    cryptographic modernization schedules required by subsection (a);
        (2) establish and maintain an integrated cryptographic 
    modernization schedule for the entire Department of Defense, 
    collating the cryptographic modernization schedules required under 
    subsection (a); and
        (3) in coordination with the Director of the National Security 
    Agency and the Joint Staff Director for Command, Control, 
    Communications, and Computers/Cyber, use the budget certification, 
    standard-setting, and policy-making authorities provided in section 
    142 of title 10, United States Code, to amend Armed Force and 
    Defense Agency and Field Activity plans for key extension requests 
    and cryptographic modernization funding and deployment that pose 
    unacceptable risk to military operations.
    (c) Annual Notices.--Not later than January 1, 2022, and not less 
frequently than once each year thereafter until January 1, 2026, the 
Chief Information Officer and the Joint Staff Director shall jointly 
submit to the congressional defense committees notification of all--
        (1) delays to or planned delays of Armed Force and Defense 
    Agency and Field Activity funding and deployment of modernized 
    cryptographic algorithms, keys, and equipment over the previous 
    year; and
        (2) changes in plans or schedules surrounding key extension 
    requests and waivers, including--
            (A) unscheduled or unanticipated key extension requests; 
        and
            (B) unscheduled or unanticipated waivers and nonwaivers of 
        scheduled or anticipated key extension requests.
    SEC. 154. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PARTICIPATION IN THE SPECIAL 
      FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATION WORKING GROUP.
    (a) Designation of DoD Representatives.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall designate the Department of Defense representatives to the 
Special Federal Aviation Regulation Working Group.
    (b) Limitation on Availability of Funds for OSD.--Of the aggregate 
amount authorized to be appropriated by this Act for fiscal year 2021 
and available for the Office of the Secretary of Defense, not more than 
75 percent may be obligated or expended until the later of the 
following:
        (1) The date on which Secretary certifies, in writing, to the 
    appropriate committees of Congress that the Department 
    representatives to the Special Federal Aviation Regulation Working 
    Group have been designated as required by subsection (a).
        (2) The date on which the Special Federal Aviation Regulation 
    Working Group submits to the appropriate committees of Congress 
    initial recommendations developed pursuant to subsection (b)(4) of 
    section 1748 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
    Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1847).
    (c) Report on Findings and Recommendations.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than June 30, 2021, the Special 
    Federal Aviation Regulation Working Group shall submit to the 
    appropriate committees of Congress a report setting forth the 
    findings and recommendations of the Working Group as developed 
    pursuant to subsection (b) of section 1748 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020.
        (2) Conforming amendments.--Section 1748 of the National 
    Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 is amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (d); and
            (B) in subsection (e), by striking ``subsection (d)'' and 
        inserting ``section 154(c)(1) of the William M. (Mac) 
        Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2021''.
    (d) Certification in Connection With Contracts With Foreign 
Companies for Aviation Services Overseas.--
        (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Department of 
    Defense may not enter into a contract with a foreign company as 
    contracted aviation support to provide aviation services in an 
    overseas area unless the Secretary certifies, in writing, to the 
    appropriate committees of Congress each of the following:
            (A) That the use of foreign companies to provide such 
        services in overseas areas is required for the national 
        security of the United States.
            (B) That the Department has exhausted all available 
        authorities to use United States companies to provide such 
        services in overseas areas.
        (2) Sunset.--The requirement in paragraph (1) shall expire on 
    the later of--
            (A) the date on which the Special Federal Aviation 
        Regulation Working Group submits to the appropriate committees 
        of Congress the report required by subsection (c)(1); and
            (B) the date on which the Secretary fully implements the 
        recommendations contained in that report.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate; and
            (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives.
        (2) The term ``Special Federal Aviation Regulation Working 
    Group'' means the working group established pursuant to section 
    1748 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
    2020.
    SEC. 155. INTEGRATED AIR AND MISSILE DEFENSE ASSESSMENT.
    (a) Certification on Directive of IAMD Responsibilities and 
Authorities.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in coordination with the 
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Secretaries of the 
military departments, certify that Department of Defense Directive 
5100.01 is current and accurate with respect to integrated air and 
missile defense (IAMD) responsibilities and authorities in support of 
joint and combined land, sea, air, space and special forces operations, 
and in obtaining and maintaining air superiority or supremacy as 
required.
    (b) IAMD Assessment by Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.--
        (1) In general.--The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
    shall, in coordination with the Secretaries of the military 
    departments and the Director of the Missile Defense Agency, conduct 
    a comprehensive classified assessment of threats to, and 
    capabilities and capacities of, current and planned integrated air 
    and missile defense technologies and force structure to meet the 
    requirements of the combatant commands in support of the National 
    Defense Strategy.
        (2) Elements.--The assessment required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) Characterization and analysis of current and emerging 
        threats, including the following:
                (i) Cruise, hypersonic, and ballistic missiles.
                (ii) Unmanned aerial systems.
                (iii) Rockets and other indirect fire.
                (iv) Specific and meaningfully varied examples within 
            each of clauses (i) through (iii).
            (B) Analysis of current and planned integrated air and 
        missile defense capabilities to counter the threats 
        characterized and analyzed under subparagraph (A), including 
        the following:
                (i) Projected timelines for development, procurement, 
            and fielding of needed capabilities to defend against 
            current and anticipated threats, based on intelligence 
            assessments of such threats.
                (ii) Projected capability and capacity gaps in 
            addressing the threats characterized and assessed under 
            subparagraph (A), including a delineation of unfulfilled 
            integrated air and missile defense requirements by 
            combatant command.
                (iii) Risk assessment of projected capability and 
            capacity gaps addressing integrated air and missile defense 
            requirements of the combatant commands and the National 
            Defense Strategy.
                (iv) Opportunities for acceleration or need for 
            incorporation of interim capabilities to address current 
            and projected gaps.
                (v) Opportunities to leverage allied contributions for 
            integrated air and missile defense capabilities and 
            capacities to meet requirements of the combatant commands.
            (C) Assessment of the integrated air and missile defense 
        command, control, and intelligence systems and architecture, 
        including the following:
                (i) A description of the integrated air and missile 
            defense architecture, and the component counter unmanned 
            aerial system (C-UAS) sub-architecture of such 
            architecture.
                (ii) Identification of the critical command and control 
            (C2) systems.
                (iii) Integration or interoperability of the command 
            and control systems.
                (iv) Integration, interoperability, or compatibility of 
            the command and control systems with planned Joint All 
            Domain Command and Control (JADC2) architecture.
        (3) Characterization.--
            (A) In general.--In carrying out the assessment required by 
        paragraph (1), the Chairman shall clearly, on a technical and 
        operational basis, distinguish between distinctly different 
        threats in the same general class.
            (B) Example.--The Chairman shall, for example, ensure that 
        the assessment is not limited to a broad characterization, such 
        as ``cruise missiles'', since such characterization does not 
        sufficiently distinguish between current cruise missiles and 
        emerging hypersonic cruise missiles, which may require 
        different capabilities to counter them.
        (4) Interim briefing and report.--
            (A) Interim briefing.--Not later than 60 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Chairman shall brief the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives on the assessment under paragraph (1).
            (B) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Chairman shall submit to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a report on the findings of the assessment 
        conducted under paragraph (1).
    (c) Secretary of the Military Department Briefings on Response to 
IAMD Assessment.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the submittal of 
    the report required by subsection (b)(4)(B), the Secretary of the 
    Army, the Secretary of the Navy, and the Secretary of the Air Force 
    shall each brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
    the House of Representatives on the manner in which the military 
    department under the jurisdiction of such Secretary intends to 
    fulfill the global integrated air and missile defense requirements 
    of the combatant commands in accordance with Department of Defense 
    Directive 5100.01.
        (2) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) shall include, 
    for the military department covered by such briefing, the 
    following:
            (A) Analysis of current and planned integrated air and 
        missile defense capabilities to counter the threats 
        characterized and analyzed under subsection (b)(2)(A), 
        including the following:
                (i) Projected timelines and costs for development, 
            procurement, and fielding of planned integrated air and 
            missile defense capabilities.
                (ii) Projected capability gaps and an assessment of 
            associated risk.
                (iii) Opportunities for acceleration or need for 
            incorporation of interim capabilities to address current 
            and projected gaps.
            (B) Analysis of current and planned capacity to meet major 
        contingency plan requirements and ongoing global operations of 
        the combatant commands, including the following:
                (i) Current and planned numbers of integrated air and 
            missile defense systems and formations, including 
            associated munitions.
                (ii) Capacity gaps, and an assessment of associated 
            risk, in addressing combatant command requirements.
                (iii) Operations tempo stress on integrated air and 
            missile defense formations and personnel.
                (iv) Plans to sustain or to increase integrated air and 
            missile defense personnel and formations.
            (C) Assessment of proponency and the distribution of 
        responsibility and authority for policy and program planning, 
        budgeting, and execution within the military department for 
        integrated air and missile defense and counter-unmanned aerial 
        systems, including the following:
                (i) A description of the current proponency structure.
                (ii) An assessment of the adequacy of the current 
            proponency structure to facilitate integrated air and 
            missile defense and counter unmanned aerial systems 
            functions for the Department of Defense.
            (D) Assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
        establishing one or more centers of excellence for integrated 
        air and missile defense, counter unmanned aerial systems, or 
        both for purposes of planing, organizing, and managing the 
        military department and joint force efforts to achieve a 
        functional capability and capacity to meet the requirements of 
        the combatant commands.
    SEC. 156. JOINT STRATEGY FOR AIR BASE DEFENSE AGAINST MISSILE 
      THREATS.
    (a) Strategy Required.--The Chief of Staff of the Air Force and the 
Chief of Staff of the Army shall jointly develop and carry out a 
strategy to address the defense of air bases and prepositioned sites 
outside the continental United States against current and emerging 
missile threats, as validated by the Defense Intelligence Agency.
    (b) Certification and Strategy.--Not later than June 1, 2021, the 
Chief of Staff of the Air Force and the Chief of Staff of the Army 
shall jointly submit to the congressional defense committees the 
following:
        (1) A certification that the defense of air bases and 
    prepositioned sites outside the continental United States against 
    threats described in subsection (a) is being addressed jointly.
        (2) The strategy developed pursuant to subsection (a).
    SEC. 157. JOINT ALL DOMAIN COMMAND AND CONTROL REQUIREMENTS.
    (a) Validation of Requirements by Joint Requirements Oversight 
Council.--Not later than April 1, 2021, the Joint Requirements 
Oversight Council (JROC) shall validate requirements for Joint All 
Domain Command and Control (JADC2).
    (b) Air Force Certification.--Immediately after the validation of 
requirements pursuant to subsection (a), the Chief of Staff of the Air 
Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
certification that the current Joint All Domain Command and Control 
effort, including programmatic and architecture efforts, being led by 
the Air Force will meet the requirements validated by the Joint 
Requirements Oversight Council.
    (c) Certification by Other Armed Forces.-- Not later than July 1, 
2021, the chief of staff of each Armed Force other than the Air Force 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a certification 
whether the efforts of such Armed Force on multi-domain command and 
control are compatible with Joint All Domain Command and Control 
architecture.
    (d) Budgeting.--The Secretary of Defense shall incorporate the 
expected costs for full development and implementation of Joint All 
Domain Command and Control across the Department of Defense in fiscal 
year 2022 in the budget of the President for fiscal year 2022 as 
submitted to Congress under section 1105 of title 31, United States 
Code.
    SEC. 158. EXPANSION OF ECONOMIC ORDER QUANTITY CONTRACTING 
      AUTHORITY FOR F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.
    Section 161(a)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1246) is amended by 
striking ``$574,000,000'' and inserting ``$1,035,793,000''.
    SEC. 159. DOCUMENTATION RELATING TO THE F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.
    The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees, not later than 15 days following Milestone C approval for 
the F-35 aircraft program pursuant to section 2366c of title 10, United 
States Code, or entering into a contract for the full-rate production 
of F-35 aircraft, the documentation with respect to the F-35 aircraft 
program as follows:
        (1) A certification by the Under Secretary of Defense for 
    Acquisition and Sustainment that--
            (A) all alternative supply contractors for parts, required 
        for the airframe and propulsion prime contractors of the F-35 
        aircraft program as a result of the removal of the Republic of 
        Turkey from the program, have been identified, and all related 
        undefinitized contract actions have been definitized (as 
        described in section 7401 of part 217 of the Defense Federal 
        Acquisition Regulation Supplement);
            (B) the parts produced by each such contractor have been 
        qualified and certified as meeting applicable technical design 
        and use specifications; and
            (C) each such contractor has reached the required rate of 
        production to meet supply requirements for parts under the 
        program.
        (2) A cost analysis, prepared by the joint program office for 
    the F-35 aircraft program, that assesses and defines--
            (A) the manner in which the full integration of Block 4 and 
        Technical Refresh 3 capabilities for each lot of Block 4 
        production aircraft beginning after lot 14 will affect the 
        average procurement unit cost of United States variants of the 
        F-35A, F-35B, and F-35C aircraft; and
            (B) the manner in which the establishment of alternate 
        sources of production and sustainment of supply and repair 
        parts due to the removal of the Republic of Turkey from the 
        program will affect such unit cost.
        (3) All reports required by section 167 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 
    Stat. 1250).
        (4) An independent cost estimate, prepared by Director of Cost 
    Assessment and Program Evaluation, that defines, for each phase of 
    the F-35 aircraft program, the cost to develop, procure, integrate, 
    and retrofit F-35 aircraft with all Block 4 capability requirements 
    that are specified in the most recent Block 4 capabilities 
    development document.
        (5) A plan to correct or mitigate any deficiency in the F-35 
    aircraft, identified as of the date of enactment of this Act that--
            (A) may cause death, severe injury or occupational illness, 
        or major loss or damage to equipment or a system, and for which 
        there is no identified workaround (commonly known as a 
        ``category 1A deficiency''); or
            (B) critically restricts combat readiness capabilities or 
        results in the inability to attain adequate performance to 
        accomplish mission requirements (commonly known as a ``category 
        1B deficiency'').
        (6) A software and hardware capability, upgrade, and aircraft 
    modification plan for the F-35 aircraft that defines the cost and 
    schedule for retrofitting F-35 aircraft that currently have 
    Technical Refresh 2 capabilities installed to ensure compatibility 
    with Block 4 and Technical Refresh 3 capabilities.
        (7) The following reports for the F-35 aircraft program, as 
    prepared by the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation:
            (A) A report on the results of the realistic survivability 
        testing of the F-35 aircraft, as described in section 2366(d) 
        of title 10, United States Code.
            (B) A report on the results of the initial operational test 
        and evaluation conducted for program, as described in section 
        2399(b)(2) of such title.
        (8) A mitigation strategy and implementation plan to address 
    each critical deficiency in the F-35 aircraft autonomic logistics 
    information system that has been identified as of the date of 
    enactment of this Act.
        (9) A certification that the F-35A aircraft meets required 
    mission reliability performance using an average sortie duration of 
    2 hours and 30 minutes.
        (10) A certification that the Secretary has developed and 
    validated a fully integrated and realistic schedule for the 
    development, production and integration of Block 4 Technical 
    Refresh 3 capabilities for the F-35 aircraft, that includes a 
    strategy for resolving all software technical debt that has 
    accumulated within the F-35 operational flight program source code 
    during development, production, and integration of Technical 
    Refresh 1 and Technical Refresh 2 capabilities.
        (11) The following:
            (A) A complete list of hardware modifications that will be 
        required to integrate Block 4 capabilities into lot 16 and lot 
        17 production F-35 aircraft.
            (B) An estimate of the costs of any engineering changes 
        required as a result of such modifications.
            (C) A comparison of those engineering changes and costs 
        with the engineering changes and costs for lot 15 production F-
        35 aircraft.
    SEC. 160. F-35 AIRCRAFT MUNITIONS.
    Subject to the availability of appropriations, the Secretary of the 
Air Force and the Secretary of the Navy shall, in coordination with the 
Director of the F-35 Joint Program Office, certify for use by the Armed 
Forces under the jurisdiction of such Secretary munitions for F-35 
aircraft that are qualified on F-35 partner aircraft of North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization (NATO) member nations as of the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 161. REDESIGN STRATEGY FOR THE AUTONOMIC LOGISTICS INFORMATION 
      SYSTEM FOR THE F-35 FIGHTER AIRCRAFT.
    (a) In General.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the Under Secretary 
of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall, in consultation with 
the Director of the F-35 Aircraft Joint Program Office, submit to the 
congressional defense committees the following:
        (1) A report describing a program-wide process for measuring, 
    collecting, and tracking information on the manner in which the F-
    35 Autonomic Logistics Information System (ALIS) is affecting the 
    performance of the F-35 aircraft fleet, including its effects on 
    aircraft availability and mission capability and effectiveness 
    rates.
        (2) A strategy and implementation plan for the F-35 Operational 
    Data Integrated Network (ODIN) system that is being developed to 
    replace the F-35 Autonomic Logistics Information System, including 
    an identification and assessment of goals, key risks or 
    uncertainties, system performance metrics, and costs of designing, 
    procuring, and fielding the F-35 Operational Data Integrated 
    Network system.
    (b) Updates.--In each quarterly briefing required by section 155 of 
the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2019 (Public 115-232; 132 Stat. 1672) for a calendar quarter beginning 
on or after January 1, 2022, the Under Secretary and the Director shall 
include an update containing current information on the following:
        (1) The manner in which the F-35 Autonomic Logistics 
    Information System is affecting fleet performance of the F-35 
    aircraft fleet.
        (2) The progress being made to develop, procure, and field the 
    F-35 Operational Data Integrated Network system.
    SEC. 162. BRIEFINGS ON SOFTWARE REGRESSION TESTING FOR F-35 
      AIRCRAFT.
    During the quarterly briefing required by section 155 of the John 
S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
(Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1672) covering a quarter in which 
mission systems production software for the F-35 aircraft was released 
to units operating such aircraft under the F-35 aircraft continuous 
capability development and delivery program, the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall, in consultation with the 
Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, brief the congressional 
defense committees with the following with respect to the missions 
systems production software for the F-35 aircraft:
        (1) An explanation of the types and methods of regression 
    testing that were completed for the production release of the 
    software concerned to ensure compatibility and proper functionality 
    with--
            (A) the fire control radar system of each variant of the F-
        35 aircraft; and
            (B) all weapons certified for carriage and employment on 
        each variant of the F-35 aircraft.
        (2) An identification of any entities that conducted regression 
    testing of such software, including any development facilities of 
    the Federal Government or contractors that conducted such testing.
        (3) A list of deficiencies identified during regression testing 
    of such software, or by operational units, after fielding of such 
    software, and an explanation of--
            (A) any software modifications, including quick-reaction 
        capability, that were completed to resolve or mitigate such 
        deficiencies;
            (B) with respect to any deficiencies that were not resolved 
        or mitigated, whether the deficiencies will be corrected in 
        later releases of the software; and
            (C) any effects resulting from such deficiencies, 
        including--
                (i) any effects on the cost and schedule for delivery 
            of the software; and
                (ii) in cases in which the deficiencies resulted in 
            additional, unplanned, software releases, any effects on 
            the ongoing testing of software capability releases.
    SEC. 163. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR THE ARMED OVERWATCH 
      PROGRAM.
    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for the Department of Defense may be used to, 
and the Department may not--
        (1) procure armed overwatch aircraft for the United States 
    Special Operations Command in fiscal year 2021; or
        (2) procure armed overwatch aircraft for the Air Force in 
    fiscal years 2021 through 2023.
    SEC. 164. ACCELERATION OF DEVELOPMENT AND FIELDING OF COUNTER 
      UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS ACROSS THE JOINT FORCE.
    (a) Immediate Objective for Executive Agent for C-sUAS.--The 
Executive Agent of the Joint Counter Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems 
(C-sUAS) Office, as designated by the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment, shall prioritize the objective of 
developing and executing a plan to develop, test, and begin production 
of a counter unmanned aircraft system that can be fielded as early as 
fiscal year 2021 to meet immediate operational needs in countering 
Group 1, 2, and 3 unmanned aircraft systems and, to the extent 
practical, has the potential to counter other, larger unmanned aircraft 
systems.
    (b) Development and Fielding of C-sUAS Systems in Fiscal Year 
2021.--In carrying out subsection (a), the Executive Agent shall 
consider the selection of counter unmanned aircraft systems with 
specific emphasis on systems that--
        (1) have undergone successful realistic operational tests or 
    assessments, or have been or are currently deployed;
        (2) will meet the operational requirements of deployed forces 
    facing current and anticipated unmanned aircraft system (UAS) 
    threats, including effectiveness against unmanned aircraft systems 
    that are not remotely piloted or are not reliant on a command link;
        (3) use autonomous and semi-autonomous systems and processes;
        (4) are affordable, with low operating and sustainment costs;
        (5) build, to the extent practicable, upon systems that were 
    selected for fielding in fiscal year 2021;
        (6) reduce or accelerate the timeline for initial operational 
    capability and full operational capability of the counter unmanned 
    aircraft system prioritized by subsection (a);
        (7) enable the flexible and continuous integration of different 
    types of sensors and mitigation solutions based on the different 
    demands of particular military installations and deployed forces, 
    physical geographies, and threat profiles; and
        (8) are or include systems or component parts that are 
    commercial items, as required by section 3307 of title 41, United 
    States Code, including a common command and control system.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Executive Agent shall brief the 
congressional defense committees on the following:
        (1) The selection process for counter unmanned aircraft system 
    capabilities prioritized by this section.
        (2) The plan prioritized by subsection (a).
    (d) Oversight.--The Executive Agent shall--
        (1) oversee the execution of all counter unmanned aircraft 
    systems being developed by the military departments as of the day 
    before the date of the enactment of this Act; and
        (2) ensure that the plan prioritized by subsection (a) guides 
    future programmatic and funding decisions for activities relating 
    to counter unmanned aircraft systems, including any cancellation of 
    such activities.
    SEC. 165. AIRBORNE INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE, AND RECONNAISSANCE 
      ACQUISITION ROADMAP FOR THE UNITED STATES SPECIAL OPERATIONS 
      COMMAND.
    (a) In General.--Not later than December 1, 2021, the Assistant 
Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low-Intensity Conflict 
and the Commander of the United States Special Operations Command shall 
jointly submit to the congressional defense committees an acquisition 
roadmap to meet the manned and unmanned airborne intelligence, 
surveillance, and reconnaissance requirements of United States Special 
Operations Forces.
    (b) Elements.--The roadmap required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
        (1) A description of the current platform requirements for 
    manned and unmanned airborne intelligence, surveillance, and 
    reconnaissance capabilities to support United States Special 
    Operations Forces.
        (2) An analysis of the remaining service life of existing 
    manned and unmanned airborne intelligence, surveillance, and 
    reconnaissance capabilities currently operated by United States 
    Special Operations Forces.
        (3) An identification of any current or anticipated gaps for 
    special operations-peculiar manned and unmanned airborne 
    intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance capabilities.
        (4) A description of anticipated manned and unmanned 
    intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance platform 
    requirements of the United States Special Operations Forces, 
    including range, payload, endurance, ability to operate in 
    contested environments, and other requirements, as appropriate.
        (5) A description of the manner in which the anticipated 
    requirements described in paragraph (4) are in alignment with the 
    National Defense Strategy and meet the challenge of strategic 
    competition and nation state intelligence collection requirements.
        (6) An explanation of the anticipated mix of manned and 
    unmanned aircraft, number of platforms, and associated aircrew and 
    maintainers for support of United States Special Operations Forces.
        (7) An explanation of the extent to which service-provided 
    manned and unmanned airborne intelligence, surveillance, and 
    reconnaissance capabilities will be required in support of United 
    States Special Operations Forces, and the manner in which such 
    capabilities will supplement and integrate with the organic 
    capabilities possessed by United States Special Operations Forces.
        (8) Any other matters the Assistant Secretary and the Commander 
    jointly consider appropriate.
    SEC. 166. PROHIBITION ON DIVESTITURE OF MANNED INTELLIGENCE, 
      SURVEILLANCE, AND RECONNAISSANCE AIRCRAFT OPERATED BY UNITED 
      STATES SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND.
    (a) Prohibition.--No funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act may be used to divest any manned intelligence, surveillance, and 
reconnaissance aircraft operated by the United States Special 
Operations Command, and the Department of Defense may not divest any 
manned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance aircraft operated 
by the United States Special Operations Command in fiscal year 2021.
    (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) does not apply to 
any divestment of aircraft described in that subsection that is ongoing 
as of the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 167. NOTIFICATION ON EFFORTS TO REPLACE INOPERABLE EJECTION 
      SEAT AIRCRAFT LOCATOR BEACONS.
    (a) Notification.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and on a semi-annual basis thereafter until the 
date specified in subsection (b), the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a written notification that describes, with respect to the 
period covered by the notification--
        (1) the efforts of the service acquisition executives of the 
    Department of the Air Force and the Department of the Navy to 
    replace ejection seat aircraft locator beacons that are--
            (A) installed on covered aircraft; and
            (B) inoperable in water or in wet conditions; and
        (2) the funding allocated for such efforts.
    (b) Date Specified.--The date specified in this subsection is the 
earlier of--
        (1) the date on which the Under Secretary of Defense for 
    Acquisition and Sustainment determines that all ejection seat 
    aircraft locator beacons installed on covered aircraft are operable 
    in water and wet conditions; or
        (2) the date that is 5 years after the date of the enactment of 
    this Act.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``covered aircraft'' means aircraft of the Air 
    Force, the Navy, and the Marine Corps that are equipped with 
    ejection seats.
        (2) The term ``service acquisition executive of the Department 
    of the Air Force'' does not include the Service Acquisition 
    Executive of the Department of the Air Force for Space Systems and 
    Programs described in section 957 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 
    U.S.C. 9016 note).

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Modification of requirements relating to certain cooperative 
          research and development agreements.
Sec. 212. Disclosure requirements for recipients of Department of 
          Defense research and development funds.
Sec. 213. Modification of national security innovation activities and 
          pilot program on strengthening the defense industrial and 
          innovation base.
Sec. 214. Updates to Defense Quantum Information Science and Technology 
          Research and Development program.
Sec. 215. Establishment of Directed Energy Working Group.
Sec. 216. Extension of pilot program for the enhancement of the 
          research, development, test, and evaluation centers of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 217. Designation of senior officials for critical technology areas 
          supportive of the National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 218. Executive agent for Autonomy.
Sec. 219. National security innovation partnerships.
Sec. 220. Social science, management science, and information science 
          research activities.
Sec. 221. Accountability measures relating to the Advanced Battle 
          Management System.
Sec. 222. Activities to improve fielding of Air Force hypersonic 
          capabilities.
Sec. 223. Disclosure of funding sources in applications for Federal 
          research and development awards.
Sec. 224. Governance of fifth-generation wireless networking in the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 225. Demonstration project on use of certain technologies for 
          fifth-generation wireless networking services.
Sec. 226. Research, development, and deployment of technologies to 
          support water sustainment.
Sec. 227. Limitation on contract awards for certain unmanned vessels.

       Subtitle C--Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Technology

Sec. 231. Modification of biannual report on the Joint Artificial 
          Intelligence Center.
Sec. 232. Modification of joint artificial intelligence research, 
          development, and transition activities.
Sec. 233. Board of advisors for the Joint Artificial Intelligence 
          Center.
Sec. 234. Application of artificial intelligence to the defense reform 
          pillar of the National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 235. Acquisition of ethically and responsibly developed artificial 
          intelligence technology.
Sec. 236. Steering committee on emerging technology.

             Subtitle D--Education and Workforce Development

Sec. 241. Measuring and incentivizing programming proficiency.
Sec. 242. Modification of Science, Mathematics, and Research for 
          Transformation (SMART) Defense Education Program.
Sec. 243. Improvements to Technology and National Security Fellowship of 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 244. Modification of mechanisms for expedited access to technical 
          talent and expertise at academic institutions.
Sec. 245. Encouragement of contractor science, technology, engineering, 
          and mathematics (STEM) programs.
Sec. 246. Training program for human resources personnel in best 
          practices for technical workforce.
Sec. 247. Pilot program on the use of electronic portfolios to evaluate 
          certain applicants for technical positions.
Sec. 248. Pilot program on self-directed training in advanced 
          technologies.
Sec. 249. Part-time and term employment of university faculty and 
          students in the Defense science and technology enterprise.
Sec. 250. National security workforce and educational diversity 
          activities.
Sec. 251. Coordination of scholarship and employment programs of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 252. Study on mechanisms for attracting and retaining high quality 
          talent in the Department of Defense.

                    Subtitle E--Sustainable Chemistry

Sec. 261. National coordinating entity for sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 262. Strategic plan for sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 263. Agency activities in support of sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 264. Partnerships in sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 265. Prioritization.
Sec. 266. Rule of construction.
Sec. 267. Major multi-user research facility project.

              Subtitle F--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 271. Modification to annual report of the Director of Operational 
          Test and Evaluation.
Sec. 272. Modification to Test Resource Management Center strategic plan 
          reporting cycle and contents.
Sec. 273. Modification of requirements relating to energetics plan to 
          include assessment of feasibility and advisability of 
          establishing a program office for energetics.
Sec. 274. Element in annual reports on cyber science and technology 
          activities on work with academic consortia on high priority 
          cybersecurity research activities in Department of Defense 
          capabilities.
Sec. 275. Repeal of quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting 
          Vehicle program.
Sec. 276. Microelectronics and national security.
Sec. 277. Independent evaluation of personal protective and diagnostic 
          testing equipment.
Sec. 278. Assessment on United States national security emerging 
          biotechnology efforts and capabilities and comparison with 
          adversaries.
Sec. 279. Annual reports regarding the SBIR program of the Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 280. Reports on F-35 physiological episodes and mitigation efforts.
Sec. 281. Review and report on next generation air dominance 
          capabilities.
Sec. 282. Plan for operational test and utility evaluation of systems 
          for Low-Cost Attributable Aircraft Technology program.
Sec. 283. Independent comparative analysis of efforts by China and the 
          United States to recruit and retain researchers in national 
          security-related and defense-related fields.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 
4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

    SEC. 211. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO CERTAIN 
      COOPERATIVE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENTS.
    Section 2350a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``and the Under 
    Secretary'' and inserting ``or the Under Secretary''; and
        (2) in subsection (c)--
            (A) by striking ``Each cooperative'' and inserting ``(1) 
        Except as provided in paragraph (2), each cooperative''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
    ``(2) A cooperative research and development project may be entered 
into under this section under which costs are shared between the 
participants on an unequal basis if the Secretary of Defense, or an 
official specified in subsection (b)(2) to whom the Secretary delegates 
authority under this paragraph, makes a written determination that 
unequal cost sharing provides strategic value to the United States or 
another participant in the project.
    ``(3) For purposes of this subsection, the term `cost' means the 
total value of cash and non-cash contributions.''.
    SEC. 212. DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS FOR RECIPIENTS OF DEPARTMENT OF 
      DEFENSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FUNDS.
    (a) Disclosure Requirements.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2374b. Disclosure requirements for recipients of research and 
     development funds
    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsections (b) and (c), 
an individual or entity (including a State or local government) that 
uses funds received from the Department of Defense to carry out 
research or development activities shall include, in any public 
document pertaining to such activities, a clear statement indicating 
the dollar amount of the funds received from the Department for such 
activities.
    ``(b) Exception.--The disclosure requirement under subsection (a) 
shall not apply to a public document consisting of fewer than 280 
characters.
    ``(c) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the disclosure 
requirement under subsection (a) on a case-by-case basis.
    ``(d) Public Document Defined.--In this section, the term `public 
document' means any document or other written statement made available 
for public reference or use, regardless of whether such document or 
statement is made available in hard copy or electronic format.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new 
    item:

``2374b. Disclosure requirements for recipients of research and 
          development funds.''.

    (b) Effective Date and Applicability.--The amendments made by 
subsection (a) shall take effect on October 1, 2021, and shall apply 
with respect to funds for research and development that are awarded by 
the Department of Defense on or after that date.
    SEC. 213. MODIFICATION OF NATIONAL SECURITY INNOVATION ACTIVITIES 
      AND PILOT PROGRAM ON STRENGTHENING THE DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL AND 
      INNOVATION BASE.
    (a) National Security Innovation Activities.--Section 230 of the 
John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
(Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (h);
        (2) by redesignating subsections (e) through (g) as subsections 
    (f) through (h), respectively;
        (3) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(e) Advisory Assistance.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Under Secretary shall establish a 
    mechanism to seek advice from existing Federal advisory committees 
    on matters relating to--
            ``(A) the implementation and prioritization of activities 
        established under subsection (a); and
            ``(B) determining how such activities may be used to 
        support the overall technology strategy of the Department of 
        Defense.
        ``(2) Existing federal advisory committees defined.--In this 
    subsection, the term `existing Federal advisory committee' means an 
    advisory committee that--
            ``(A) is established pursuant to a provision of Federal law 
        other than this section; and
            ``(B) has responsibilities relevant to the activities 
        established under subsection (a), as determined by the Under 
        Secretary.''; and
        (4) in paragraph (1) of subsection (g) (as so redesignated) by 
    striking ``strengthening manufacturing in the defense industrial 
    base'' and inserting ``strengthening the defense industrial and 
    innovation base''.
    (b) Plan.--Not later than April 1, 2021, the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Research and Engineering shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a plan that describes--
        (1) the mechanism the Under Secretary will use to seek advice 
    from existing Federal advisory committees as required under section 
    230(e) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) (as 
    added by subsection (a) of this section); and
        (2) the expected roles and responsibilities of such committees 
    with respect to advising the Under Secretary on the activities 
    established under section 230 of such Act.
    (c) Pilot Program on Defense Industrial and Innovation Base.--
Section 1711 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2505 note) is amended--
        (1) in the section heading, by striking ``manufacturing in the 
    defense industrial base'' and inserting ``the defense industrial 
    and innovation base'';
        (2) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
        ``and the defense innovation base'' after ``industrial base'';
            (B) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``development, 
        prototyping, and manufacturing'' before ``production''; and
            (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``manufacturing and 
        production'' and inserting ``development, prototyping, and 
        manufacturing'';
        (3) in subsection (b)--
            (A) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
            (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph:
        ``(2) Section 230 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 
    U.S.C. 2358 note).'';
        (4) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``manufacturing and 
        production'' and inserting ``development, prototyping, and 
        manufacturing'';
            (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``manufacturing and 
        production'';
            (C) in paragraph (4), by striking ``manufacturers'' and 
        inserting ``companies''; and
            (D) in paragraph (5), by striking ``manufacturers'' and 
        inserting ``companies'';
        (5) in subsection (d), by striking ``the date that is four 
    years after the date of the enactment of this Act'' and inserting 
    ``December 31, 2026''; and
        (6) in subsection (e), by striking ``January 31, 2022'' and 
    inserting ``January 31, 2027''.
    SEC. 214. UPDATES TO DEFENSE QUANTUM INFORMATION SCIENCE AND 
      TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.
    Section 234 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
    subsection (e):
    ``(e) Use of Quantum Computing Capabilities.--The Secretary of each 
military department shall--
        ``(1) develop and annually update a list of technical problems 
    and research challenges which are likely to be addressable by 
    quantum computers available for use within in the next one to three 
    years, with a priority for technical problems and challenges where 
    quantum computing systems have performance advantages over 
    traditional computing systems, in order to enhance the capabilities 
    of such quantum computers and support the addressing of relevant 
    technical problems and research challenges; and
        ``(2) establish programs and enter into agreements with 
    appropriate medium and small businesses with functional quantum 
    computing capabilities to provide such private sector capabilities 
    to government, industry, and academic researchers working on 
    relevant technical problems and research activities.''.
    SEC. 215. ESTABLISHMENT OF DIRECTED ENERGY WORKING GROUP.
    Section 219 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2431 note) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)--
            (A) by striking paragraph (4); and
            (B) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (4); and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Directed Energy Working Group.--
        ``(1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
    enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for fiscal year 
    2021, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a working group to 
    be known as the `Directed Energy Working Group'.
        ``(2) Responsibilities.--The Directed Energy Working Group 
    shall--
            ``(A) analyze and evaluate the current and planned directed 
        energy programs of each of the military departments;
            ``(B) make recommendations to the Secretary of Defense--
                ``(i) describing how memoranda of understanding may be 
            used to coordinate the directed energy activities conducted 
            by the Department of Defense using amounts authorized to be 
            appropriated for research, development, test, and 
            evaluation; and
                ``(ii) proposing the establishment of specific 
            memoranda of understanding between individual organizations 
            and elements of the Department of Defense to facilitate 
            such coordination;
            ``(C) identify methods of quickly fielding directed energy 
        capabilities and programs; and
            ``(D) develop a compendium on the effectiveness of directed 
        energy weapon systems and integrate the compendium into an 
        overall Joint Effectiveness Manual under the guidance from the 
        Joint Technical Coordination Group for Munitions Effectiveness.
        ``(3) Head of working group.--The head of the Directed Energy 
    Working Group shall be the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
    and Engineering or the designee of the Under Secretary.
        ``(4) Membership.--The members of the Directed Energy Working 
    Group shall be appointed as follows:
            ``(A) One member from each military department, appointed 
        by the Secretary of the military department concerned.
            ``(B) One member appointed by the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Research and Engineering.
            ``(C) One member appointed by the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.
            ``(D) One member appointed by the Director of the Strategic 
        Capabilities Office of the Department of Defense.
            ``(E) One member appointed by the Director of the Defense 
        Advanced Research Projects Agency.
            ``(F) One member appointed by the Director of Operational 
        Test and Evaluation.
            ``(G) One member appointed by the Director of the Missile 
        Defense Agency.
            ``(H) Such other members as may be appointed by the 
        Secretary of Defense from among individuals serving in the 
        Department of Defense.
        ``(5) Deadline for appointment.--Members of the Directed Energy 
    Working Group shall be appointed not later than 30 days after the 
    date of the establishment of the working group under paragraph (1).
        ``(6) Briefings to congress.--Not later than 180 days after the 
    date of the enactment of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National 
    Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021, and not less 
    frequently than once every 180 days thereafter, the Directed Energy 
    Working Group shall provide to the congressional defense committees 
    a briefing on the progress of each directed energy program that is 
    being adopted or fielded by the Department of Defense.
        ``(7) Termination.--The Directed Energy Working Group 
    established under this subsection shall terminate 4 years after the 
    date of the enactment of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National 
    Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021.''.
    SEC. 216. EXTENSION OF PILOT PROGRAM FOR THE ENHANCEMENT OF THE 
      RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION CENTERS OF THE 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) In General.--Section 233 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (e), by striking ``2022'' and inserting 
    ``2027''; and
        (2) in subsection (f)--
            (A) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
        ``(1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
    the enactment of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021, the Secretary of Defense 
    shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
    the status of the pilot program.''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end the following 
        new subparagraph:
            ``(F) With respect to any military department not 
        participating in the pilot program, an explanation for such 
        nonparticipation, including identification of--
                ``(i) any issues that may be preventing such 
            participation; and
                ``(ii) any offices or other elements of the Department 
            of Defense that may be responsible for the delay in 
            participation.''.
    (b) Technical Amendment.--Effective as of December 23, 2016, and as 
if included therein as enacted, section 233(c)(2)(C)(ii) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended by striking ``Assistant 
Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
inserting ``Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, 
and Technology''.
    (c) Extension of Pilot Program to Improve Incentives for Technology 
Transfer From Department of Defense Laboratories.--Subsection (e) of 
section 233 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2514 note) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(e) Sunset.--The pilot program under this section shall terminate 
on September 30, 2025.''.
    SEC. 217. DESIGNATION OF SENIOR OFFICIALS FOR CRITICAL TECHNOLOGY 
      AREAS SUPPORTIVE OF THE NATIONAL DEFENSE STRATEGY.
    (a) Designation of Senior Officials.--The Under Secretary of 
Defense for Research and Engineering shall--
        (1) identify technology areas that the Under Secretary 
    considers critical for the support of the National Defense 
    Strategy; and
        (2) for each such technology area, designate a senior official 
    of the Department of Defense to coordinate research and engineering 
    activities in that area.
    (b) Duties.--The duties of each senior official designated under 
subsection (a) shall include, with respect to the technology area 
overseen by such official--
        (1) developing and continuously updating research and 
    technology development roadmaps, funding strategies, and technology 
    transition strategies to ensure--
            (A) the effective and efficient development of new 
        capabilities in the area; and
            (B) the operational use of appropriate technologies;
        (2) conducting annual assessments of workforce, infrastructure, 
    and industrial base capabilities and capacity to support--
            (A) the roadmaps developed under paragraph (1); and
            (B) the goals of the National Defense Strategy;
        (3) reviewing the relevant research and engineering budgets of 
    appropriate organizations within the Department of Defense, 
    including the Armed Forces, and advising the Under Secretary on--
            (A) the consistency of the budgets with the roadmaps 
        developed under paragraph (1);
            (B) any technical and programmatic risks to the achievement 
        of the research and technology development goals of the 
        National Defense Strategy;
            (C) programs, projects, and activities that demonstrate--
                (i) unwanted or inefficient duplication, including 
            duplication with activities of other government agencies 
            and the commercial sector;
                (ii) lack of appropriate coordination with other 
            organizations; or
                (iii) inappropriate alignment with organizational 
            missions and capabilities;
        (4) coordinating the research and engineering activities of the 
    Department with appropriate international, interagency, and private 
    sector organizations; and
        (5) tasking appropriate intelligence agencies of the Department 
    to develop a direct comparison between the capabilities of the 
    United States in the technology area concerned and the capabilities 
    of adversaries of the United States in that area.
    (c) Annual Reports.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than December 1, 2021, and not later 
    than December 1 of each year thereafter through December 1, 2025, 
    the Under Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees a report on research and engineering activities and on 
    the status of the technology areas identified under subsection 
    (a)(1), including a description of any programs, projects, or 
    activities in such areas, that have, in the year preceding the date 
    of the report--
            (A) achieved significant technical progress;
            (B) transitioned from the research and development phase to 
        formal acquisition programs;
            (C) transitioned from the research and development phase 
        into operational use; or
            (D) been transferred from the Department of Defense to 
        private sector organizations for further commercial development 
        or commercial sales.
        (2) Form.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall submitted in 
    unclassified form that can be made available to the public, but may 
    include a classified annex.
    (d) Coordination of Research and Engineering Activities.--The 
Service Acquisition Executive for each military department and the 
Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency shall each 
identify senior officials to ensure coordination of appropriate 
research and engineering activities with each of the senior officials 
designated under subsection (a).
    (e) Conforming Amendments.--Section 218 of the John Warner National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 
U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a) by striking the second sentence and 
    inserting ``The Office shall carry out the program and activities 
    described in subsections (b) and (c) and shall have such other 
    responsibilities relating to hypersonics as the Secretary shall 
    specify'';
        (2) by striking subsections (b), (e) and (f);
        (3) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections (b) 
    and (c), respectively;
        (4) in subsection (b)(1), as so redesignated, by striking 
    ``provide the Office with'' and all that follows through the period 
    at the end and inserting ``provide the Office with foundational and 
    applied hypersonic research, development, and workforce support in 
    areas that the Office determines to be relevant for the Department 
    of Defense.'';
        (5) in subsection (c), as so redesignated--
            (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``In 
        carrying out the program required by subsection (b), the 
        Office'' and inserting ``The Office'';
            (B) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
        ``(1) Expedite testing, evaluation, and acquisition of 
    hypersonic technologies to meet the stated needs of the warfighter, 
    including flight testing, ground-based-testing, and underwater 
    launch testing.'';
            (C) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3);
            (D) by redesignating paragraphs (4), (5), (6), and (7) as 
        paragraphs (2), (3), (4), and (6), respectively;
            (E) by amending paragraph (2), as so redesignated, to read 
        as follows:
        ``(2) Ensure prototyping demonstration programs on hypersonic 
    systems integrate advanced technologies to speed the maturation and 
    deployment of future hypersonic systems.'';
            (F) by amending paragraph (3), as so redesignated, to read 
        as follows:
        ``(3) Ensure that any demonstration program on hypersonic 
    systems is carried out only if determined to be consistent with the 
    roadmap for the relevant critical technology area supportive of the 
    National Defense Strategy, as developed by the senior official with 
    responsibility for such area under section 217 of the William M. 
    (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
    2021.'';
            (G) by amending paragraph (4), as so redesignated, to read 
        as follows:
        ``(4) Develop strategies and roadmaps for hypersonic 
    technologies to enable the transition of such technologies to 
    future operational capabilities for the warfighter.'';
            (H) by inserting after paragraph (4), as so redesignated, 
        the following:
        ``(5) Develop and implement a strategy for enhancing the 
    current and future hypersonics workforce.''; and
            (I) by amending paragraph (6), as so redesignated, to read 
        as follows:
        ``(6) Coordinate with relevant stakeholders and agencies to 
    support the technological advantage of the United States in 
    developing hypersonic systems.''.
    SEC. 218. EXECUTIVE AGENT FOR AUTONOMY.
    (a) In General.--Not later than February 1, 2022, the Secretary of 
the Navy shall designate an existing program executive officer from 
within the Department of the Navy to serve as the acquisition executive 
agent for autonomy who shall be the official within the Department with 
primary responsibility for the acquisition of autonomous technology. 
The officer designated as acquisition executive agent for autonomy 
shall carry out the responsibilities of such position in addition to 
the responsibilities otherwise assigned to such officer as a program 
executive officer.
    (b) Program Executive Officer Defined.--In this section, the term 
``program executive officer'' has the meaning given that term in 
section 1737(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 219. NATIONAL SECURITY INNOVATION PARTNERSHIPS.
    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish an 
activity--
        (1) to support partnerships between the Department of Defense 
    and academic institutions, private sector firms in defense and 
    commercial sectors, commercial accelerators and incubators, 
    commercial innovation hubs, public sector organizations, and 
    nonprofit entities with missions relating to national security 
    innovation;
        (2) to expand the national security innovation base, including 
    through engagement with academia, defense industry, commercial 
    industry, government organizations, and the venture capital 
    community;
        (3) to accelerate the transition of technologies and services 
    into acquisition programs and operational use;
        (4) to work in coordination with the Under Secretary of Defense 
    for Personnel and Readiness, other organizations within the Office 
    of the Secretary, and the Armed Forces to create new pathways and 
    models of national security service that facilitate employment 
    within the Department;
        (5) to facilitate engagement with entities described in 
    paragraph (1) for the purpose of developing solutions to national 
    security and defense problems articulated by entities within the 
    Department, including through programs such as the Hacking for 
    Defense program;
        (6) to establish physical locations throughout the United 
    States to support partnerships with academic, government, and 
    private sector industry partners; and
        (7) to enhance the capabilities of the Department in market 
    research, industrial and technology base awareness, source 
    selection, partnerships with private sector capital, and access to 
    commercial technologies.
    (b) Authorities.--In addition to the authorities provided under 
this section, in carrying out this section, the Secretary of Defense 
may use the following authorities:
        (1) Section 1599g of title 10, United States Code, relating to 
    public-private talent exchanges.
        (2) Section 2368 of title 10, United States Code, relating to 
    Centers for Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnerships.
        (3) Section 2374a of title 10, United States Code, relating to 
    prizes for advanced technology achievements.
        (4) Section 2474 of title 10, United States Code, relating to 
    Centers of Industrial and Technical Excellence.
        (5) Section 2521 of title 10, United States Code, relating to 
    the Manufacturing Technology Program.
        (6) Subchapter VI of chapter 33 of title 5, United States Code, 
    relating to assignments to and from States.
        (7) Chapter 47 of title 5, United States Code, relating to 
    personnel research programs and demonstration projects.
        (8) Section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation 
    Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) and section 6305 of title 31, United 
    States Code, relating to cooperative research and development 
    agreements.
        (9) Such other authorities as the Secretary considers 
    appropriate.
    (c) Implementation.--
        (1) Support from other department of defense organizations.--
    The Secretary of Defense may direct other organizations and 
    elements of the Department of Defense to provide personnel, 
    resources, and other support to the activity established under this 
    section, as the Secretary determines appropriate.
        (2) Implementation plan.--
            (A) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a plan for 
        implementing the activity established under this section.
            (B) Elements.--The plan required under subparagraph (A) 
        shall include the following:
                (i) Plans that describe any support that will be 
            provided for the activity by other organizations and 
            elements of the Department of Defense under paragraph (1).
                (ii) Plans for the implementation of the activity, 
            including plans for--

                    (I) future funding and administrative support of 
                the activity;
                    (II) integration of the activity into the 
                programming, planning, budgeting, and execution process 
                of the Department of Defense;
                    (III) integration of the activity with the other 
                programs and initiatives within the Department that 
                have missions relating to innovation and outreach to 
                the academic and the private sector ; and
                    (IV) performance indicators by which the activity 
                will be assessed and evaluated.

                (iii) A description of any additional authorities the 
            Secretary may require to effectively carry out the 
            responsibilities under this section.
    SEC. 220. SOCIAL SCIENCE, MANAGEMENT SCIENCE, AND INFORMATION 
      SCIENCE RESEARCH ACTIVITIES.
    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall carry 
out a program of research and development in social science, management 
science, and information science.
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of the program under subsection (a) are 
as follows:
        (1) To ensure that the Department of Defense has access to 
    innovation and expertise in social science, management science, and 
    information science to enable the Department to improve the 
    effectiveness, efficiency, and agility of the Department's 
    operational and management activities.
        (2) To develop and manage a portfolio of research initiatives 
    in fundamental and applied social science, management science, and 
    information science that is stable, consistent, and balanced across 
    relevant disciplines.
        (3) To enhance cooperation and collaboration on research and 
    development in the fields of social science, management science, 
    and information science between the Department of Defense and 
    appropriate private sector and international entities that are 
    involved in research and development in such fields.
        (4) To accelerate the development of a research community and 
    industry to support Department of Defense missions in the fields of 
    social science, management science, and information science, 
    including the development of facilities, a workforce, 
    infrastructure, and partnerships in support of such missions.
        (5) To coordinate all research and development within the 
    Department of Defense in the fields of social science, management 
    science, and information science.
        (6) To collect, synthesize, and disseminate critical 
    information on research and development in the fields of social 
    science, management science, and information science.
        (7) To assess and appropriately share, with other departments 
    and agencies of the Federal Government and appropriate entities in 
    the private sector--
            (A) challenges within the Department of Defense that may be 
        addressed through the application of advances in social 
        science, management science, and information science; and
            (B) datasets related to such challenges.
        (8) To support the identification of organizational and 
    institutional barriers to the implementation of management and 
    organizational enhancements and best practices.
        (9) To accelerate efforts--
            (A) to transition, and deploy within the Department of 
        Defense, technologies and concepts derived from research and 
        development in the fields of social science, management 
        science, and information science; and
            (B) to establish policies, procedures, and standards for 
        measuring the success of such efforts.
        (10) To integrate knowledge from cross-disciplinary research 
    on--
            (A) how factors relating to social science, management 
        science, and information science affect the global security 
        environment; and
            (B) best practices for management in the public and private 
        sectors.
        (11) To apply principles, tools, and methods from social 
    science, management science, and information science--
            (A) to ensure the Department of Defense is more agile, 
        efficient, and effective in organizational management and in 
        deterring and countering current and emerging threats; and
            (B) to support the National Defense Strategy.
    (c) Administration.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
and Engineering shall supervise the planning, management, and 
coordination of the program under subsection (a).
    (d) Activities.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering, in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Policy, the Secretaries of the military departments, and the heads of 
relevant Defense Agencies, shall--
        (1) prescribe a set of long-term challenges and a set of 
    specific technical goals for the program, including--
            (A) optimization of analysis of national security data 
        sets;
            (B) development of innovative defense-related management 
        activities;
            (C) improving the operational use of social science, 
        management science, and information science innovations by 
        military commanders and civilian leaders;
            (D) improving understanding of the fundamental social, 
        cultural, and behavioral forces that shape the strategic 
        interests of the United States; and
            (E) developing a Department of Defense workforce capable of 
        developing and leveraging innovations and best practices in the 
        fields of social science, management science, and information 
        science to support defense missions;
        (2) develop a coordinated and integrated research and 
    investment plan for meeting near-term, mid-term, and long-term 
    national security, defense-related, and Departmental management 
    challenges that--
            (A) includes definitive milestones;
            (B) provides for achieving specific technical goals;
            (C) establishes pathways to address the operational and 
        management missions of the Department through--
                (i) the evaluation of innovations and advances in 
            social science, management science, and information science 
            for potential implementation within the Department; and
                (ii) implementation of such innovations and advances 
            within the Department, as appropriate; and
            (C) builds upon the investments of the Department, other 
        departments and agencies of the Federal Government, and the 
        commercial sector in the fields of social science, management 
        science, and information science;
        (3) develop plans for--
            (A) the development of the Department's workforce in social 
        science, management science, and information science; and
            (B) improving awareness of--
                (i) the fields of social science, management science, 
            and information science;
                (ii) advances and innovations in such fields; and
                (iii) and the ability of such advances and innovations 
            to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the 
            Department; and
        (4) develop memoranda of agreement, joint funding agreements, 
    and such other cooperative arrangements as the Under Secretary 
    determines necessary--
            (A) to carry out the program under subsection (a); and
            (B) to transition appropriate products, services, and 
        innovations relating social science, management science, and 
        information science into use within the Department.
    (e) Guidance Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
    and Engineering shall develop and issue guidance for defense-
    related social science, management science, and information science 
    activities, including--
            (A) classification and data management plans for such 
        activities;
            (B) policies for control of personnel participating in such 
        activities to protect national security interests; and
            (C) ensuring that research findings and innovations in the 
        fields of social science, management science, and information 
        science are incorporated into the activities and strategic 
        documents of the Department.
        (2) Updates.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
    Engineering shall regularly update the guidance issued under 
    paragraph (1).
    (f) Designation of Entity.--The Secretary of each military 
department may establish or designate an entity or activity under the 
jurisdiction of such Secretary, which may include a Department of 
Defense Laboratory, an academic institution, or another appropriate 
organization, to support interdisciplinary research and development 
activities in the fields of social science, management science, and 
information science, and engage with appropriate public and private 
sector organizations, including academic institutions, to enhance and 
accelerate the research, development, and deployment of social science, 
management science, and information science within the Department.
    (g) Use of Other Authority.--The Secretary of Defense shall use the 
authority provided under section 217 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 
2358 note) to enhance the ability of the Department of Defense to 
access technical talent and expertise at academic institutions in 
support of the purposes of this section.
    (h) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2022, the 
    Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees a report on the program under subsection (a).
        (2) Form of report.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
    shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
    classified annex.
    SEC. 221. ACCOUNTABILITY MEASURES RELATING TO THE ADVANCED BATTLE 
      MANAGEMENT SYSTEM.
    (a) Cost Assessments.--
        (1) Initial cost estimate.--Not later than 180 days after the 
    date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force, 
    in consultation with the Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
    Evaluation, shall--
            (A) define key technical, programmatic, and operational 
        characteristics for the Advanced Battle Management System; and
            (B) produce an initial cost estimate for the System that 
        includes--
                (i) estimated costs for each product category described 
            in the report submitted to Congress under section 236 the 
            National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 
            (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1281); and
                (ii) a description of each cost estimating methodology 
            used in the preparation of the estimate.
        (2) Review and report.--Not later than 120 days after the 
    completion of the estimate required under paragraph (1), the Air 
    Force Cost Analysis Agency shall--
            (A) conduct a non-advocate cost assessment of the estimate; 
        and
            (B) submit to the congressional defense committees and the 
        Government Accountability Office a report on the results of the 
        assessment.
    (b) Program Update Briefings.--
        (1) In general.--Beginning not later than January 1, 2021, and 
    on a quarterly basis thereafter, the Secretary of the Air Force 
    shall provide to the congressional defense committees a program 
    update briefing on the Advanced Battle Management System and all 
    associated technologies.
        (2) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) shall 
    include--
            (A) a detailed explanation of any on-ramp exercise of the 
        Advanced Battle Management System conducted during the quarter 
        covered by the report, including an explanation of--
                (i) the objectives achieved by the exercise and any 
            data collected for the purposes of decision making;
                (ii) identification of the portions of the exercise 
            that were scripted and unscripted and any technical 
            workarounds or substitutes used for purposes of the 
            exercise; and
                (iii) the interim capabilities provided to combatant 
            commanders after the conclusion of the exercise (commonly 
            known as ``leave behind'' capabilities) and a plan for the 
            sustainment or upgrade of such capabilities; and
                (iv) the total cost of the exercise and a breakdown of 
            the costs with respect to technology, range and 
            demonstration resources, personnel, and logistics; and
            (B) such other information as the Secretary of the Air 
        Force determines appropriate.
    (c) Report on Security and Resiliency Measures.--At the same time 
as the budget of the President for fiscal year 2022 is submitted to 
Congress pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, 
the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report that describes how the Secretary plans to 
ensure the security and resiliency of the Advanced Battle Management 
System, including a description of any information assurance and anti-
tamper requirements for the System.
    (d) Additional Report and Briefings.--Not later than April 1, 2021, 
the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees the following:
        (1) Report on planned capabilities.--A report on the planned 
    product line capabilities of the Advanced Battle Management System, 
    including--
            (A) a description of the technologies needed to implement 
        and achieve such product line capabilities;
            (B) a timeline for the technical maturation of such product 
        line capabilities; and
            (C) a notional schedule for fielding such product line 
        capabilities over the period covered by the most recent future-
        years defense program submitted under section 221 of title 10, 
        United States Code, as of the date of the report.
        (2) Briefing on acquisition authorities.--A briefing on the 
    allocation of responsibilities among the individuals and entities 
    responsible for acquisition for the Advanced Battle Management 
    System, including an explanation of how decision-making and 
    governance of the acquisition process is allocated among the 
    Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition, Technology, 
    and Logistics, the Chief Architect Integration Office, the Air 
    Force Warfighting Integration Capability, and other entities within 
    the Department of the Air Force that are expected provide 
    capabilities for the System.
        (3) Briefing on alignment with common mission control center.--
    A briefing, which may be provided in classified or unclassified 
    form, that explains how, and to what extent, the Advanced Battle 
    Management System will be aligned and coordinated with the Common 
    Mission Control Center of the Air Force.
    (e) Advanced Battle Management System Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``Advanced Battle Management System'' has the meaning given 
that term in section 236(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1281).
    (f) Conforming Repeal.--Section 147(g) of the John S. McCain 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 
115-232; 132 Stat. 1670) is repealed.
    SEC. 222. ACTIVITIES TO IMPROVE FIELDING OF AIR FORCE HYPERSONIC 
      CAPABILITIES.
    (a) Improvement of Ground-based Test Facilities.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall take such actions as may be necessary to improve ground-
based test facilities used for the research, development, test, and 
evaluation of hypersonic capabilities.
    (b) Increasing Flight Test Rate.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
increase the rate at which hypersonic capabilities are flight tested to 
expedite the maturation and fielding of such capabilities.
    (c) Strategy and Plan.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, in 
consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering, shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
strategy and plan for fielding air-launched and air-breathing 
hypersonic weapons capabilities within the period of three years 
following such date of enactment.
    (d) Report.--In addition to the strategy and plan required under 
subsection (c), not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering, in consultation with the Director of Operational Test and 
Evaluation, shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on the testing capabilities and infrastructure used for 
hypersonic weapons development. The report shall include--
        (1) an assessment of the sufficiency of the testing 
    capabilities and infrastructure used for fielding hypersonic 
    weapons; and
        (2) a description of any investments in testing capabilities 
    and infrastructure that may be required to support in-flight and 
    ground-based testing for such weapons.
    SEC. 223. DISCLOSURE OF FUNDING SOURCES IN APPLICATIONS FOR FEDERAL 
      RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AWARDS.
    (a) Disclosure Requirement.--Each Federal research agency shall 
require, as part of any application for a research and development 
award from such agency--
        (1) that each covered individual listed on the application--
            (A) disclose the amount, type, and source of all current 
        and pending research support received by, or expected to be 
        received by, the individual as of the time of the disclosure;
            (B) certify that the disclosure is current, accurate, and 
        complete; and
            (C) agree to update such disclosure at the request of the 
        agency prior to the award of support and at any subsequent time 
        the agency determines appropriate during the term of the award; 
        and
        (2) that any entity applying for such award certify that each 
    covered individual who is employed by the entity and listed on the 
    application has been made aware of the requirements under paragraph 
    (1).
    (b) Consistency.--The Director of the Office of Science and 
Technology Policy, acting through the National Science and Technology 
Council and in accordance with the authority provided under section 
1746(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 
(Public Law 116-92; 42 U.S.C. 6601 note) shall ensure that the 
requirements issued by Federal research agencies under subsection (a) 
are consistent.
    (c) Enforcement.--
        (1) Rejection for violation of law or agency terms.--A Federal 
    research agency may reject an application for a research and 
    development award if the current and pending research support 
    disclosed by an individual under subsection (a) violates Federal 
    law or agency terms and conditions.
        (2) Enforcement for noncompliance.--Subject to paragraph (3), 
    in the event that a covered individual listed on an entity's 
    application for a research and development award knowingly fails to 
    disclose information under subsection (a), a Federal research 
    agency may take one or more of the following actions:
            (A) Reject the application.
            (B) Suspend or terminate a research and development award 
        made by that agency to the individual or entity.
            (C) Temporarily or permanently discontinue any or all 
        funding from that agency for the individual or entity.
            (D) Temporarily or permanently suspend or debar the 
        individual or entity in accordance with part 180 of title 2, 
        Code of Federal Regulations, any successor regulation, or any 
        other appropriate law or regulation, from receiving government 
        funding.
            (E) Refer the failure to disclose under subsection (a) to 
        the Inspector General of the agency concerned for further 
        investigation or to Federal law enforcement authorities to 
        determine whether any criminal or civil laws were violated.
            (F) Place the individual or entity in the Federal Awardee 
        Performance and Integrity Information System for noncompliance 
        to alert other agencies.
            (G) Take such other actions against the individual or 
        entity as are authorized under applicable law or regulations.
        (3) Special rule for enforcement against entities.--An 
    enforcement action described in paragraph (2) may be taken against 
    an entity only in a case in which--
            (A) the entity did not meet the requirements of subsection 
        (a)(2);
            (B) the entity knew that a covered individual failed to 
        disclose information under subsection (a)(1) and the entity did 
        not take steps to remedy such nondisclosure before the 
        application was submitted; or
            (C) the head of the Federal research agency concerned 
        determines that--
                (i) the entity is owned, controlled, or substantially 
            influenced by a covered individual; and
                (ii) such individual knowingly failed to disclose 
            information under subsection (a)(1).
        (4) Notice.--A Federal research agency that intends to take 
    action under paragraph (1) or (2) shall, as practicable and in 
    accordance with part 180 of title 2, Code of Federal Regulations, 
    any successor regulation, or any other appropriate law or 
    regulation, notify each individual or entity subject to such action 
    about the specific reason for the action, and shall provide such 
    individuals and entities with the opportunity to, and a process by 
    which, to contest the proposed action.
        (5) Evidentiary standards.--A Federal research agency seeking 
    suspension or debarment under paragraph (2)(D) shall abide by the 
    procedures and evidentiary standards set forth in part 180 of title 
    2, Code of Federal Regulations, any successor regulation, or any 
    other appropriate law or regulation.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``covered individual'' means an individual who--
            (A) contributes in a substantive, meaningful way to the 
        scientific development or execution of a research and 
        development project proposed to be carried out with a research 
        and development award from a Federal research agency; and
            (B) is designated as a covered individual by the Federal 
        research agency concerned.
        (2) The term ``current and pending research support''--
            (A) means all resources made available, or expected to be 
        made available, to an individual in support of the individual's 
        research and development efforts, regardless of--
                (i) whether the source of the resource is foreign or 
            domestic;
                (ii) whether the resource is made available through the 
            entity applying for a research and development award or 
            directly to the individual; or
                (iii) whether the resource has monetary value; and
            (B) includes in-kind contributions requiring a commitment 
        of time and directly supporting the individual's research and 
        development efforts, such as the provision of office or 
        laboratory space, equipment, supplies, employees, or students.
        (3) The term ``entity'' means an entity that has applied for or 
    received a research and development award from a Federal research 
    agency.
        (4) The term ``Federal research agency'' means any Federal 
    agency with an annual extramural research expenditure of over 
    $100,000,000.
        (5) The term ``research and development award'' means support 
    provided to an individual or entity by a Federal research agency to 
    carry out research and development activities, which may include 
    support in the form of a grant, contract, cooperative agreement, or 
    other such transaction. The term does not include a grant, 
    contract, agreement or other transaction for the procurement of 
    goods or services to meet the administrative needs of a Federal 
    research agency.
    SEC. 224. GOVERNANCE OF FIFTH-GENERATION WIRELESS NETWORKING IN THE 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Transition of 5G Wireless Networking to Operational Use.--
        (1) Transition plan required.--The Under Secretary of Defense 
    for Research and Engineering, in consultation with the cross 
    functional team established under subsection (c), shall develop a 
    plan to transition fifth-generation (commonly known as ``5G'') 
    wireless technology to operational use within the Department of 
    Defense.
        (2) Elements.--The transition plan under paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) A timeline for the transition of responsibility for 5G 
        wireless networking to the Chief Information Officer, as 
        required under subsection (b)(1).
            (B) A description of the roles and responsibilities of the 
        organizations and elements of the Department of Defense with 
        respect to the acquisition, sustainment, and operation of 5G 
        wireless networking for the Department, as determined by the 
        Secretary of Defense in accordance with subsection (d).
        (3) Interim briefing.--Not later than March 31, 2021 the 
    Secretary of Defense shall provide to the congressional defense 
    committees a briefing on the status of the plan required under 
    paragraph (1).
        (4) Final report.--Not later than September 30, 2021, the 
    Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees a report that includes the plan developed under 
    paragraph (1).
    (b) Senior Official for 5G Wireless Networking.--
        (1) Designation of chief information officer.--Not later than 
    October 1, 2023, the Secretary of Defense shall designate the Chief 
    Information Officer as the senior official within Department of 
    Defense with primary responsibility for--
            (A) policy, oversight, guidance, research, and coordination 
        on matters relating to 5G wireless networking; and
            (B) making proposals to the Secretary on governance, 
        management, and organizational policy for 5G wireless 
        networking.
        (2) Role of under secretary of defense for research and 
    engineering.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
    Engineering shall carry out the responsibilities specified in 
    paragraph (1) until the date on which the Secretary of Defense 
    designates the Chief Information Officer as the senior official 
    responsible for 5G wireless networking under such paragraph.
    (c) Cross-functional Team for 5G Wireless Networking.--
        (1) Establishment.--Using the authority provided under section 
    911(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
    2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 111 note), the Secretary of 
    Defense shall establish a cross-functional team for 5G wireless 
    networking.
        (2) Duties.--The duties of the cross-functional team 
    established under paragraph (1) shall be--
            (A) to assist the Secretary of Defense in determining the 
        roles and responsibilities of the organizations and elements of 
        the Department of Defense with respect to the acquisition, 
        sustainment, and operation of 5G wireless networking, as 
        required under subsection (d);
            (B) to assist the senior official responsible for 5G 
        wireless networking in carrying out the responsibilities 
        assigned to such official under subsection (b);
            (C) to oversee the implementation of the strategy developed 
        under section 254 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 2223a note) for 
        harnessing 5G wireless networking technologies, coordinated 
        across all relevant elements of the Department;
            (D) to advance the adoption of commercially available, 
        next-generation wireless communication technologies, 
        capabilities, security, and applications by the Department and 
        the defense industrial base; and
            (E) to support public-private partnerships between the 
        Department and industry on matters relating to 5G wireless 
        networking;
            (F) to coordinate research and development, implementation 
        and acquisition activities, warfighting concept development, 
        spectrum policy, industrial policy and commercial outreach and 
        partnership relating to 5G wireless networking in the 
        Department, and interagency and international engagement;
            (G) to integrate the Department's 5G wireless networking 
        programs and policies with major initiatives, programs, and 
        policies of the Department relating to secure microelectronics 
        and command and control; and
            (H) to oversee, coordinate, execute, and lead initiatives 
        to advance 5G wireless network technologies and associated 
        applications developed for the Department.
        (3) Team leader.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
    and Engineering shall lead the cross-functional team established 
    under paragraph (1) until the date on which the Secretary of 
    Defense designates the Chief Information Officer as the senior 
    official responsible for 5G wireless networking as required under 
    subsection (b)(1). Beginning on the date of such designation, the 
    Chief Information Officer shall lead the cross functional team.
    (d) Determination of Organizational Roles and Responsibilities.--
The Secretary of Defense, acting through the cross-functional team 
established under subsection (c), shall determine the roles and 
responsibilities of the organizations and elements of the Department of 
Defense with respect to the acquisition, sustainment, and operation of 
5G wireless networking for the Department, including the roles and 
responsibilities of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the 
intelligence components of the Department, Defense Agencies and 
Department of Defense Field Activities, the Armed Forces, combatant 
commands, and the Joint Staff.
    (e) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a briefing on the progress of the 
Secretary in--
        (1) establishing the cross-functional team under subsection 
    (c); and
        (2) determining the roles and responsibilities of the 
    organizations and elements of the Department of Defense with 
    respect to 5G wireless networking as required under subsection (d).
    (f) 5G Procurement Decisions.--Each Secretary of a military 
department shall be responsible for decisions relating to the 
procurement of 5G wireless technology for that department.
    (g) Telecommunications Security Program.--
        (1) Program required.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
    a program to identify and mitigate vulnerabilities in the 5G 
    telecommunications infrastructure of the Department of Defense.
        (2) Elements.--In carrying out the program under paragraph (1), 
    the Secretary shall--
            (A) develop a capability to communicate clearly and 
        authoritatively about threats by foreign adversaries;
            (B) conduct independent red-team security analysis of 
        systems, subsystems, devices, and components of the Department 
        of Defense including no-knowledge testing and testing with 
        limited or full knowledge of expected functionalities;
            (C) verify the integrity of personnel who are tasked with 
        design fabrication, integration, configuration, storage, test, 
        and documentation of noncommercial 5G technology to be used by 
        the Department;
            (D) verify the efficacy of the physical security measures 
        used at Department locations where system design, fabrication, 
        integration, configuration, storage, test, and documentation of 
        5G technology occurs;
            (E) direct the Chief Information Officer to assess, using 
        existing government evaluation models and schema where 
        applicable, 5G core service providers whose services will be 
        used by the Department through the Department's provisional 
        authorization process; and
            (F) direct the Defense Information Systems Agency and the 
        United States Cyber Command to develop a capability for 
        continuous, independent monitoring of non-commercial, 
        government-transiting packet streams for 5G data on frequencies 
        assigned to the Department to validate the availability, 
        confidentiality, and integrity of the Department's 
        communications systems.
        (3) Implementation plan.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
    of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
    to Congress a plan for the implementation of the program under 
    paragraph (1).
        (4) Report.--Not later than 270 days after submitting the plan 
    under paragraph (3), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
    Congress a report that includes--
            (A) a comprehensive assessment of the findings and 
        conclusions of the program under paragraph (1);
            (B) recommendations on how to mitigate vulnerabilities in 
        the telecommunications infrastructure of the Department of 
        Defense; and
            (C) an explanation of how the Department plans to implement 
        such recommendations.
    (h) Rule of Construction.--
        (1) In general.--Nothing in this section shall be construed as 
    providing the Chief Information Officer immediate responsibility 
    for the activities of the Department of Defense in fifth-generation 
    wireless networking experimentation and science and technology 
    development.
        (2) Purview of experimentation and science and technology 
    development.--The activities described in paragraph (1) shall 
    remain within the purview of the Under Secretary of Defense for 
    Research and Engineering, but shall inform and be informed by the 
    activities of the cross-functional team established pursuant to 
    subsection (c).
    SEC. 225. DEMONSTRATION PROJECT ON USE OF CERTAIN TECHNOLOGIES FOR 
      FIFTH-GENERATION WIRELESS NETWORKING SERVICES.
    (a) Demonstration Project.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry 
out a demonstration project to evaluate the maturity, performance, and 
cost of covered technologies to provide additional options for 
providers of fifth-generation wireless network services.
    (b) Location.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out the 
demonstration project under subsection (a) in at least one location 
where the Secretary plans to deploy a fifth-generation wireless 
network.
    (c) Coordination.--The Secretary shall carry out the demonstration 
project under subsection (a) in coordination with at least one major 
wireless network service provider based in the United States.
    (d) Covered Technologies Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered technologies'' means--
        (1) a disaggregated or virtualized radio access network and 
    core in which components can be provided by different vendors and 
    interoperate through open protocols and interfaces, including those 
    protocols and interfaces utilizing the Open Radio Access Network 
    (commonly known as ``Open RAN'' or ``oRAN'') approach; and
        (2) one or more massive multiple-input, multiple-output radio 
    arrays, provided by one or more companies based in the United 
    States, that have the potential to compete favorably with radios 
    produced by foreign companies in terms of cost, performance, and 
    efficiency.
    SEC. 226. RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND DEPLOYMENT OF TECHNOLOGIES TO 
      SUPPORT WATER SUSTAINMENT.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall research, develop, 
and deploy advanced water harvesting technologies to support and 
improve water sustainment within the Department of Defense and in 
geographic regions where the Department operates.
    (b) Required Activities.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall--
        (1) develop advanced water harvesting systems that reduce 
    weight and logistics support needs compared to conventional water 
    supply systems, including--
            (A) modular water harvesting systems that are easily 
        transportable; and
            (B) trailer mounted water harvesting systems that reduce 
        resupply needs;
        (2) develop and implement storage requirements for water 
    harvesting systems at forward operating bases; and
        (3) establish cross functional teams to identify geographic 
    regions where the deployment of water harvesting systems could 
    reduce conflict and potentially eliminate the need for the presence 
    of the Armed Forces.
    (c) Additional Activities.--In addition to the activities required 
under subsection (b), the Secretary shall--
        (1) seek to leverage existing water harvesting techniques and 
    technologies and apply such techniques and technologies to military 
    operations carried out by the United States;
        (2) consider using commercially available off-the-shelf items 
    (as defined in section 104 of title 41, United States Code) and 
    near-ready deployment technologies to achieve cost savings and 
    improve the self sufficiency of warfighters; and
        (3) seek to enter into information sharing arrangements with 
    foreign militaries and other organizations that have the proven 
    ability to operate in water constrained areas for the purpose of 
    sharing lessons learned and best practices relating to water 
    harvesting.
    (d) Implementation.--The Secretary shall deploy technologies 
developed under subsection (b)(1) for use by expeditionary forces not 
later than January 1, 2025.
    (e) Water Harvesting Defined.--In this section, the term ``water 
harvesting'', when used with respect to a system or technology, means a 
system or technology that is capable of creating useable water by--
        (1) harvesting water from underutilized environmental sources, 
    such as by capturing water from ambient humidity; or
        (2) recycling or otherwise reclaiming water that has previously 
    been used.
    SEC. 227. LIMITATION ON CONTRACT AWARDS FOR CERTAIN UNMANNED 
      VESSELS.
    (a) Limitation.--Not less than 30 days before awarding a contract 
using any funds from the Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation, 
Navy account for the purchase of a covered vessel, the Secretary of the 
Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report and 
certification described in subsection (c) for such contract and covered 
vessel.
    (b) Covered Vessels.--For purposes of this section, a covered 
vessel is one of the following:
        (1) A large unmanned surface vessel (LUSV).
        (2) A medium unmanned surface vehicle (MUSV).
    (c) Report and Certification Described.--A report and certification 
described in this subsection regarding a contract for a covered vessel 
is--
        (1) a report--
            (A) submitted to the congressional defense committees not 
        later than 60 days after the date of the completion of an 
        independent technical risk assessment for such covered vessel;
            (B) on the findings and recommendations of the Senior 
        Technical Authority for the class of naval vessels that 
        includes the covered vessel with respect to such assessment; 
        and
            (C) that includes such assessment; and
        (2) a certification, submitted to the congressional defense 
    committees with the report described in paragraph (1), that 
    certifies that--
            (A) the Secretary has determined, in conjunction with the 
        Senior Technical Authority for the class of naval vessels that 
        includes the covered vessel, that the critical mission, hull, 
        mechanical, and electrical subsystems of the covered vessel--
                (i) have been demonstrated in vessel-representative 
            form, fit, and function; and
                (ii) have achieved performance levels equal to or 
            greater than applicable Department of Defense threshold 
            requirements for such class of vessels or have maturation 
            plans in place to achieve such performance levels prior to 
            transition to a program of record, including a detailed 
            description of such achieved performance or maturation 
            plans; and
            (B) such contract is necessary to meet Department research, 
        development, test, and evaluation objectives for such covered 
        vessel that cannot otherwise be met through further land-based 
        subsystem prototyping or other demonstration approaches.
    (d) Limitation on Weapon Integration.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary may not integrate any offensive 
    weapon system into a covered vessel until the date that is 30 days 
    after the date on which the Secretary of the Defense certifies to 
    the congressional defense committees that such covered vessel--
            (A) will comply with applicable laws, including the law of 
        armed conflict, with a detailed explanation of how such 
        compliance will be achieved; and
            (B) has been determined to be the most appropriate surface 
        vessel to meet applicable offensive military requirements.
        (2) Completion of analysis of alternatives required.--A 
    determination under paragraph (1)(B) shall be made only after the 
    completion of an analysis of alternatives that--
            (A) is described in subsection (e)(1); and
            (B) supports such determination.
    (e) Submittal of Analysis of Alternatives to Congress.--
        (1) Analysis of alternatives required.--Not later than one year 
    after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
    submit to the congressional defense committees an analysis of 
    alternatives regarding covered vessels with an integrated offensive 
    weapon system and the most appropriate surface vessels to meet 
    applicable offensive military requirements.
        (2) Contents.--The analysis submitted under paragraph (1) shall 
    include, at a minimum, the following elements:
            (A) Identification of capability needs applicable to such 
        covered vessels, including offensive strike capability and 
        capacity from the Mark-41 vertical launch system.
            (B) Projected threats.
            (C) Projected operational environments.
            (D) Projected operational concepts.
            (E) Projected operational requirements.
            (F) Status quo (baseline) and surface vessel alternatives 
        able to meet the capability needs identified in subparagraph 
        (A), including--
                (i) modified naval vessel designs, including amphibious 
            ships, expeditionary fast transports, and expeditionary sea 
            bases;
                (ii) modified commercial vessel designs, including 
            container ships and bulk carriers;
                (iii) new naval vessel designs; and
                (iv) new commercial vessel designs.
            (G) Vessel design, performance, and measures of 
        effectiveness of the baseline and each alternative, including a 
        description of critical mission, hull, mechanical, and 
        electrical subsystems.
            (H) Estimated research, development, test, and evaluation 
        cost of baseline and each alternative.
            (I) Estimated lead vessel and average follow-on vessel 
        procurement costs of baseline and each alternative.
            (J) Life-cycle costs of baseline and each alternative.
            (K) Life-cycle cost per baseline vessel and each 
        alternative vessel.
            (L) Life-cycle cost per specified quantity of baseline 
        vessels and alternative vessels.
            (M) Technology readiness assessment of baseline and each 
        alternative.
            (N) Analysis of alternatives, including relative cost and 
        capability performance of baseline and alternative vessels.
            (O) Trade-off analysis.
            (P) Sensitivity analysis.
            (Q) Conclusions and recommendations, which if the Secretary 
        of Defense deems it appropriate, shall include the 
        determination required under subsection (d)(1)(B).
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``critical mission, hull, mechanical, and 
    electrical subsystems'', with respect to a covered vessel, includes 
    the following subsystems:
            (A) Command, control, communications, computers, 
        intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance.
            (B) Autonomous vessel navigation, vessel control, contact 
        management, and contact avoidance.
            (C) Communications security, including cryptopgraphy, 
        encryption, and decryption.
            (D) Main engines, including the lube oil, fuel oil, and 
        other supporting systems.
            (E) Electrical generation and distribution, including 
        supporting systems.
            (F) Military payloads.
            (G) Any other subsystem identified as critical by the 
        Senior Technical Authority for the class of naval vessels that 
        includes the covered vessel.
        (2) The term ``Senior Technical Authority'' means, with respect 
    to a class of naval vessels, the Senior Technical Authority 
    designated for that class of naval vessels under section 8669b of 
    title 10, United States Code.

      Subtitle C--Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Technology

    SEC. 231. MODIFICATION OF BIANNUAL REPORT ON THE JOINT ARTIFICIAL 
      INTELLIGENCE CENTER.
    Section 260(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1293) is amended by adding at 
the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(11) The results of an assessment, conducted biannually, on 
    the efforts of the Center and the Department of Defense to develop 
    or contribute to the development of standards for artificial 
    intelligence, including--
            ``(A) a description of such efforts;
            ``(B) an evaluation of the need to incorporate standards 
        for artificial intelligence into the strategies and doctrine of 
        the Department and a description of any efforts undertaken to 
        further the development and adoption of such standards;
            ``(C) an explanation of any collaboration on artificial 
        intelligence standards development with--
                ``(i) other organizations and elements of the 
            Department of Defense (including the Defense Agencies and 
            the military departments);
                ``(ii) agencies of the Federal Government;
                ``(iii) the intelligence community;
                ``(iv) representatives of the defense industrial base 
            and other sectors of private industry; and
                ``(v) any other agencies, entities, organizations, or 
            persons the Secretary considers appropriate; and
            ``(D) an explanation of any participation by the Center and 
        the Department of Defense in international or other multi-
        stakeholder standard-setting bodies.
        ``(12) For each member of the Armed Forces who concluded a 
    formal assignment supporting the Center in the period of six months 
    preceding the date of the report, a position description of the 
    billet that the member transitioned into, as provided to the Center 
    by the Armed Force of the member within 30 days of reassignment.
        ``(13) An annual update, developed in consultation with the 
    Armed Forces, on the status of active duty members of the Armed 
    Forces assigned to the Center. This update shall include the 
    following:
            ``(A) An assessment of the effectiveness of such 
        assignments in strengthening the ties between the Center and 
        the Armed Forces for the purposes of--
                ``(i) identifying tactical and operational use cases 
            for artificial intelligence;
                ``(ii) improving data collection relating to artificial 
            intelligence; and
                ``(iii) establishing effective lines of communication 
            between the Center and the Armed Forces to identify and 
            address concerns from the Armed Forces relating to the 
            widespread adoption and dissemination of artificial 
            intelligence.
            ``(B) A description of any efforts undertaken to create 
        opportunities for additional nontraditional broadening 
        assignments at the Center for members of the Armed Forces on 
        active duty.
            ``(C) An analysis of the career trajectories of active duty 
        members of the Armed Forces assigned to the Center, including 
        any potential negative effects of such assignment on the career 
        trajectories of such members.''.
    SEC. 232. MODIFICATION OF JOINT ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH, 
      DEVELOPMENT, AND TRANSITION ACTIVITIES.
    Section 238 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``acquire,'' before 
        ``develop''; and
            (B) by amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:
        ``(2) Emphasis.--The set of activities established under 
    paragraph (1) shall include--
            ``(A) acquisition and development of mature artificial 
        intelligence technologies in support of defense missions;
            ``(B) applying artificial intelligence and machine learning 
        solutions to operational problems by directly delivering 
        artificial intelligence capabilities to the Armed Forces and 
        other organizations and elements of the Department of Defense;
            ``(C) accelerating the development, testing, and fielding 
        of new artificial intelligence and artificial intelligence-
        enabling capabilities; and
            ``(D) coordinating and deconflicting activities involving 
        artificial intelligence and artificial intelligence-enabled 
        capabilities within the Department.'';
        (2) by striking subsection (e);
        (3) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections (d) 
    and (e), respectively;
        (4) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(c) Organization and Roles.--
        ``(1) Assignment of roles and responsibilities.--
            ``(A) In general.--In addition to designating an official 
        under subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense shall assign to 
        appropriate officials within the Department of Defense roles 
        and responsibilities relating to the research, development, 
        prototyping, testing, procurement of, requirements for, and 
        operational use of artificial intelligence technologies.
            ``(B) Appropriate officials.--The officials assigned roles 
        and responsibilities under subparagraph (A) shall include--
                ``(i) the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
            Engineering;
                ``(ii) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
            and Sustainment;
                ``(iii) the Director of the Joint Artificial 
            Intelligence Center;
                ``(iv) one or more officials in each military 
            department;
                ``(v) officials of appropriate Defense Agencies; and
                ``(vi) such other officials as the Secretary of Defense 
            determines appropriate.
        ``(2) Role of director of the joint artificial intelligence 
    center.--
            ``(A) Direct report to deputy secretary of defense.--During 
        the covered period, the Director of the Joint Artificial 
        Intelligence Center shall report directly to the Deputy 
        Secretary of Defense without intervening authority.
            ``(B) Continuation.--The Director of the Joint Artificial 
        Intelligence Center shall continue to report to the Deputy 
        Secretary of Defense as described in subparagraph (A) after the 
        expiration of the covered period if, not later than 30 days 
        before such period expires, the Deputy Secretary--
                ``(i) determines that the Director should continue to 
            report to Deputy Secretary without intervening authority; 
            and
                ``(ii) transmits notice of such determination to the 
            congressional defense committees.
            ``(C) Covered period defined.--In this paragraph, the term 
        `covered period' means the period of two years beginning on the 
        date of the enactment of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021.'';
        (5) in subsection (d), as so redesignated--
            (A) in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
        (A), by inserting ``acquire,'' before ``develop'';
            (B) in the heading of paragraph (2), by striking 
        ``development'' and inserting ``acquisition, development''; and
            (C) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
            striking ``To the degree practicable, the designated 
            official'' and inserting ``The official designated under 
            subsection (b)'';
                (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``development'' 
            and inserting ``acquisition'';
                (iii) by redesignating subparagraphs (H) and (I) as 
            subparagraphs (J) and (K), respectively; and
                (iv) by inserting after subparagraph (G), the following 
            new subparagraphs:
            ``(H) develop standard data formats for the Department 
        that--
                ``(i) aid in defining the relative maturity of 
            datasets; and
                ``(ii) inform best practices for cost and schedule 
            computation, data collection strategies aligned to mission 
            outcomes, and dataset maintenance practices;
            ``(I) establish data and model usage agreements and 
        collaborative partnership agreements for artificial 
        intelligence product development with each organization and 
        element of the Department, including each of the Armed 
        Forces;'';
        (6) in subsection (e), as so redesignated--
            (A) by striking ``The Secretary shall'' and inserting ``Not 
        later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of the 
        William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall issue 
        regulations to'';
            (B) by striking ``the coordination described in subsection 
        (b) and the duties set forth in subsection (c)'' and inserting 
        ``the duties set forth in subsection (d)''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``At a 
        minimum, such access shall ensure that the Director of the 
        Joint Artificial Intelligence Center has the ability to 
        discover, access, share, and appropriately reuse data and 
        models of the Armed Forces and other organizations and elements 
        of the Department of Defense, build and maintain artificial 
        intelligence capabilities for the Department, and execute the 
        duties assigned to the Director by the Secretary.''; and
        (7) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(h) Joint Artificial Intelligence Center Defined.--In this 
section, term `Joint Artificial Intelligence Center' means the Joint 
Artificial Intelligence Center of the Department of Defense established 
pursuant to the memorandum of the Secretary of Defense dated June 27, 
2018, and titled `Establishment of the Joint Artificial Intelligence 
Center', or any successor to such Center.''.
    SEC. 233. BOARD OF ADVISORS FOR THE JOINT ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 
      CENTER.
    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
board of advisors for the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.
    (b) Duties.--The duties of the board of advisors shall include the 
following:
        (1) Provide independent strategic advice and technical 
    expertise to the Secretary and the Director on matters relating to 
    the development and use of artificial intelligence by the 
    Department of Defense.
        (2) Evaluate and advise the Secretary and the Director on 
    ethical matters relating to the development and use of artificial 
    intelligence by the Department.
        (3) Conduct long-term and long-range studies on matters 
    relating to artificial intelligence, as required.
        (4) Evaluate and provide recommendations to the Secretary and 
    the Director regarding the Department's development of a robust 
    workforce proficient in artificial intelligence.
        (5) Assist the Secretary and the Director in developing 
    strategic level guidance on artificial intelligence-related 
    hardware procurement, supply-chain matters, and other technical 
    matters relating to artificial intelligence.
    (c) Membership.--The board of advisors shall be composed of 
appropriate experts from academic or private sector organizations 
outside the Department of Defense, who shall be appointed by the 
Secretary.
    (d) Chairperson.--The chairperson of the board of advisors shall be 
selected by the Secretary.
    (e) Meetings.--The board of advisors shall meet not less than once 
each fiscal quarter and may meet at other times at the call of the 
chairperson or a majority of its members.
    (f) Reports.--Not later than September 30 of each year through 
September 30, 2024, the board of advisors shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report that summarizes the 
activities of the board over the preceding year.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``artificial intelligence'' has the meaning given 
    that term in section 238(g) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 
    U.S.C. 2358 note).
        (2) The term ``Director'' means the Director of the Joint 
    Artificial Intelligence Center.
        (3) The term ``Joint Artificial Intelligence Center'' means the 
    Joint Artificial Intelligence Center of the Department of Defense 
    established pursuant to the memorandum of the Secretary of Defense 
    dated June 27, 2018, and titled ``Establishment of the Joint 
    Artificial Intelligence Center'', or any successor to such Center.
        (4) The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of Defense.
    SEC. 234. APPLICATION OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE TO THE DEFENSE 
      REFORM PILLAR OF THE NATIONAL DEFENSE STRATEGY.
    (a) Identification of Use Cases.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
through such officers and employees of the Department of Defense as the 
Secretary considers appropriate, including the chief data officers and 
chief management officers of the military departments, shall identify a 
set of no fewer than five use cases of the application of existing 
artificial intelligence enabled systems to support improved management 
of enterprise acquisition, personnel, audit, or financial management 
functions, or other appropriate management functions, that are 
consistent with reform efforts that support the National Defense 
Strategy.
    (b) Prototyping Activities Aligned to Use Cases.--The Secretary, 
acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering and in coordination with the Director of the Joint 
Artificial Intelligence Center and such other officers and employees as 
the Secretary considers appropriate, shall pilot technology development 
and prototyping activities that leverage commercially available 
technologies and systems to demonstrate new artificial intelligence 
enabled capabilities to support the use cases identified under 
subsection (a).
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than October 1, 2021, the Secretary shall 
provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing summarizing 
the activities carried out under this section.
    SEC. 235. ACQUISITION OF ETHICALLY AND RESPONSIBLY DEVELOPED 
      ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE TECHNOLOGY.
    (a) Assessment Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, shall conduct an 
    assessment to determine--
            (A) whether the Department of Defense has the ability, 
        requisite resourcing, and sufficient expertise to ensure that 
        any artificial intelligence technology acquired by the 
        Department is ethically and responsibly developed; and
            (B) how the Department can most effectively implement 
        ethical artificial intelligence standards in acquisition 
        processes and supply chains.
        (2) Elements.--The assessment conducted under paragraph (1) 
    shall address the following:
            (A) Whether there are personnel occupying relevant roles 
        within the Department of Defense who have sufficient expertise, 
        across multiple disciplines (including ethical, legal, and 
        technical expertise)--
                (i) to advise on the acquisition of artificial 
            intelligence technology; and
                (ii) to ensure the acquisition of ethically and 
            responsibly developed artificial intelligence technology.
            (B) The feasibility and advisability of retaining outside 
        experts as consultants to assist the Department in 
        strengthening capacity and filling any gaps in expertise 
        identified under subparagraph (A).
            (C) The extent to which existing acquisition processes 
        encourage or require consultation with relevant experts across 
        multiple disciplines within the Department to ensure that 
        artificial intelligence technology acquired by the Department 
        is ethically and responsibly developed.
            (D) Quantitative and qualitative standards for assessing 
        the extent to which experts across multiple disciplines are 
        engaged in the acquisition of artificial intelligence 
        technology by the department.
    (b) Briefing Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date on which 
    the Secretary of Defense completes the assessment under subsection 
    (a), the Secretary shall provide to the congressional defense 
    committees a briefing on the results of the assessment.
        (2) Elements.--The briefing under paragraph (1) shall include, 
    based on the results of the assessment--
            (A) an explanation of whether the Department of Defense has 
        personnel, in the proper roles and with sufficient expertise 
        across multiple disciplines, to ensure the acquisition of 
        ethically and responsibly developed artificial intelligence 
        technology;
            (B) an explanation of whether the Department has adequate 
        procedures to encourage or require the consultation of such 
        experts as part of the acquisition process for artificial 
        intelligence technology;
            (C) an explanation of any procedures the Department has in 
        place to ensure that activities involving artificial 
        intelligence are consistent with the Department's ethical 
        artificial intelligence standards; and
            (D) with respect to any deficiencies identified under 
        subparagraph (A), (B), or (C), a description of any measures 
        that have been taken, and any additional resources that may be 
        needed, to mitigate such deficiencies.
    SEC. 236. STEERING COMMITTEE ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGY.
    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense may establish a 
steering committee on emerging technology and national security threats 
(referred to in this section as the ``Steering Committee'').
    (b) Membership.--The Steering Committee shall be composed of the 
following:
        (1) The Deputy Secretary of Defense.
        (2) The Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
        (3) The Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and 
    Security.
        (4) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
    Engineering.
        (5) The Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness.
        (6) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
    Sustainment.
        (7) The Chief Information Officer.
        (8) Such other officials of the Department of Defense as the 
    Secretary of Defense determines appropriate.
    (c) Responsibilities.--The Steering Committee shall be responsible 
for--
        (1) developing a strategy for the organizational change, 
    concept and capability development, and technology investments in 
    emerging technologies that are needed to maintain the technological 
    superiority of the United States military as outlined in the 
    National Defense Strategy;
        (2) providing assessments of emerging threats and identifying 
    investments and advances in emerging technology areas undertaken by 
    adversaries of the United States;
        (3) making recommendations to the Secretary of Defense on--
            (A) the implementation of the strategy developed under 
        paragraph (1);
            (B) steps that may be taken to address the threats 
        identified under paragraph (2);
            (C) any changes to a program of record that may be required 
        to achieve the strategy under paragraph (1);
            (D) any changes to the Defense Planning Guidance required 
        by section 113(g)(2)(A) of title 10, United States Code, that 
        may be required to achieve the strategy under paragraph (1); 
        and
            (E) whether sufficient resources are available for the 
        research activities, workforce, and infrastructure of the 
        Department of Defense to support the development of 
        capabilities to defeat emerging threats to the United States; 
        and
        (4) carrying out such other activities as are assigned to the 
    Steering Committee by the Secretary of Defense.
    (d) Emerging Technology Defined.--In this section, the term 
``emerging technology'' means technology determined to be in an 
emerging phase of development by the Secretary, including quantum 
information science and technology, data analytics, artificial 
intelligence, autonomous technology, advanced materials, software, high 
performance computing, robotics, directed energy, hypersonics, 
biotechnology, medical technologies, and such other technology as may 
be identified by the Secretary.
    (e) Sunset.--This section shall terminate on October 1, 2024.

            Subtitle D--Education and Workforce Development

    SEC. 241. MEASURING AND INCENTIVIZING PROGRAMMING PROFICIENCY.
    (a) In General.--Not later than two years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall carry out the 
following activities:
        (1) Leverage existing civilian software development and 
    software architecture certification programs to implement coding 
    language proficiency and artificial intelligence competency tests 
    within the Department of Defense that--
            (A) measure an individual's competency in using machine 
        learning tools, in a manner similar to the way the Defense 
        Language Proficiency Test measures competency in foreign 
        language skills;
            (B) enable the identification of members of the Armed 
        Forces and civilian employees of the Department of Defense who 
        have varying levels of quantified coding comprehension and 
        skills and a propensity to learn new programming paradigms, 
        algorithms, and data analytics; and
            (C) include hands-on coding demonstrations and challenges.
        (2) Update existing recordkeeping systems to track artificial 
    intelligence and programming certification testing results in a 
    manner that is comparable to the system used for tracking and 
    documenting foreign language competency, and use that recordkeeping 
    system to ensure that workforce coding and artificial intelligence 
    comprehension and skills are taken into consideration when making 
    assignments.
        (3) Implement a system of rewards, including appropriate 
    incentive pay and retention incentives, for members of the Armed 
    Forces and civilian employees of the Department of Defense who 
    perform successfully on specific language coding proficiency and 
    artificial intelligence competency tests and make their skills 
    available to the Department.
    (b) Information Sharing With Other Federal Agencies.--The Secretary 
of Defense shall share information on the activities carried out under 
subsection (a) with the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Attorney 
General, the Director of National Intelligence, and the heads of such 
other organizations of the intelligence community as the Secretary 
determines appropriate, for purposes of--
        (1) making information about the coding language proficiency 
    and artificial intelligence competency tests developed under such 
    subsection available to other Federal national security agencies; 
    and
        (2) encouraging the heads of such agencies to implement 
    tracking and reward systems that are comparable to those 
    implemented by the Department of Defense pursuant to such 
    subsection.
    (c) Special Pay for Programming Language Proficiency Beneficial for 
National Security Interests.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 81 of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended by inserting after section 1596b the following new section:
``Sec. 1596c. Programming language proficiency: special pay for 
     proficiency beneficial for national security interests
    ``(a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense, under the sole and 
exclusive discretion of the Secretary, may pay special pay under this 
section to an employee of the Department of Defense who--
        ``(1) has been certified by the Secretary to be proficient in a 
    computer or digital programming language identified by the 
    Secretary as being a language in which proficiency by civilian 
    personnel of the Department is necessary because of national 
    security interests; and
        ``(2) is assigned duties requiring proficiency in that 
    programming language.
    ``(b) Rate.--The rate of special pay for an employee under this 
section shall be prescribed by the Secretary, but may not exceed 20 
percent of the employee's rate of basic pay.
    ``(c) Relationship to Other Pay and Allowances.--Special pay under 
this section is in addition to any other pay or allowances to which the 
employee is entitled.
    ``(d) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations to carry out this section.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 81 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
    relating to section 1596b the following new item:

``1596c. Programming language proficiency: special pay for proficiency 
          beneficial for national security interests.''.
    SEC. 242. MODIFICATION OF SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND RESEARCH FOR 
      TRANSFORMATION (SMART) DEFENSE EDUCATION PROGRAM.
    Section 2192a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)(1)(B)(i), by inserting ``, including by 
    serving on active duty in the Armed Forces'' after ``Department'';
        (2) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
        semicolon;
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) may establish arrangements so that participants may 
    participate in a paid internship for an appropriate period with an 
    industry sponsor.''; and
        (3) in subsection (f)--
            (A) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The Secretary''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter into 
partnerships with minority institutions of higher education and 
appropriate public and private sector organizations to diversify the 
participants in the program under subsection (a).''.
    SEC. 243. IMPROVEMENTS TO TECHNOLOGY AND NATIONAL SECURITY 
      FELLOWSHIP OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Modification Regarding Basic Pay.--Subparagraph (A) of section 
235(a)(4) of National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 
(Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 1580 note prec.) is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(A) shall be compensated at a rate of basic pay that is 
        not less than the minimum rate of basic pay payable for a 
        position at GS-10 of the General Schedule (subchapter III of 
        chapter 53 of title 5, United States Code) and not more than 
        the maximum rate of basic pay payable for a position at GS-15 
        of such Schedule; and''.
    (b) Background Checks.--Subsection (b) of such section is amended 
by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) Background check requirement.--No individual may 
    participate in the fellows program without first undergoing a 
    background check that the Secretary of Defense considers 
    appropriate for participation in the program.''.
    SEC. 244. MODIFICATION OF MECHANISMS FOR EXPEDITED ACCESS TO 
      TECHNICAL TALENT AND EXPERTISE AT ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS.
    Section 217 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by striking ``National Defense Authorization Act 
            for Fiscal Year 2020'' and inserting ``William M. (Mac) 
            Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
            Year 2021''; and
                (ii) by striking ``not fewer than three'' and inserting 
            ``not fewer than four'';
            (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3);
            (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph:
        ``(2) Coordination.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
    Secretary of Defense may act through the Defense Advanced Research 
    Projects Agency or any other organization or element of the 
    Department of Defense the Secretary considers appropriate.''; and
            (D) in paragraph (3), as so redesignated, by inserting 
        ``training,'' after ``management,'';
        (2) in subsection (e)--
            (A) in paragraph (28) by striking ``Infrastructure 
        resilience'' and inserting ``Additive manufacturing'';
            (B) by redesignating paragraph (30) as paragraph (31); and
            (C) by inserting after paragraph (29) the following new 
        paragraph:
        ``(30) 3D and virtual technology training platforms.'';
        (3) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsection (g) 
    and (h), respectively;
        (4) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(f) Requirement To Establish Consortia.--
        ``(1) In general.--In carrying out subsection (a)(1)--
            ``(A) the Secretary of Defense shall seek to establish at 
        least one multi-institution consortium through the Office of 
        the Secretary of Defense;
            ``(B) the Secretary of the Army shall seek to establish at 
        least one multi-institution consortium through the Army;
            ``(C) the Secretary of the Navy shall seek to establish at 
        least one multi-institution consortium through the Navy; and
            ``(D) the Secretary of the Air Force shall seek to 
        establish at least one multi-institution consortium through the 
        Air Force.
        ``(2) Report required.--Not later than September 30, 2022, the 
    Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees a report on the status of the efforts to establish 
    consortia under paragraph (1).''; and
        (5) in subsection (g), as so redesignated, by striking ``2022'' 
    and inserting ``2026''.
    SEC. 245. ENCOURAGEMENT OF CONTRACTOR SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, 
      ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS (STEM) PROGRAMS.
    (a) In General.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering, in coordination with the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment, shall develop programs and incentives to 
ensure that Department of Defense contractors take appropriate steps 
to--
        (1) enhance undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral programs in 
    science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (in this section 
    referred to as ``STEM'');
        (2) make investments, such as programming and curriculum 
    development, in STEM programs within elementary schools and 
    secondary schools;
        (3) encourage employees to volunteer in elementary schools and 
    secondary schools, including schools that the Secretary of Defense 
    determines serve high numbers or percentages of students from low-
    income families or that serve significant populations of military 
    dependents, in order to enhance STEM education and programs;
        (4) establish partnerships with appropriate entities, including 
    institutions of higher education for the purpose of training 
    students in technical disciplines;
        (5) make personnel available to advise and assist in STEM 
    educational activities aligned with functions of the Department of 
    Defense;
        (6) award scholarships and fellowships, and establish work-
    based learning programs in scientific disciplines;
        (7) conduct recruitment activities to enhance the diversity of 
    the STEM workforce; or
        (8) make internships available to students of secondary 
    schools, undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral programs in STEM 
    disciplines.
    (b) Award Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
procedures to recognize defense industry contractors that demonstrate 
excellence in supporting STEM education, partnerships, programming, and 
other activities to enhance participation in STEM fields.
    (c) Implementation.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on the steps taken to implement the requirements of this 
section.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The terms ``elementary school'' and ``secondary school'' 
    have the meanings given those terms in section 8101 of the 
    Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).
        (2) The term ``institution of higher education'' has the 
    meaning given such term in section 101 of the Higher Education Act 
    of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).
    (e) Conforming Repeal.--Section 862 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 
note prec. 2191) is repealed.
    SEC. 246. TRAINING PROGRAM FOR HUMAN RESOURCES PERSONNEL IN BEST 
      PRACTICES FOR TECHNICAL WORKFORCE.
    (a) Pilot Training Program.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
    Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness and the 
    Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall 
    develop and implement a pilot program to provide covered human 
    resources personnel with training in public and private sector best 
    practices for attracting and retaining technical talent.
        (2) Training areas.--The pilot program shall include training 
    in the authorities and procedures that may be used to recruit 
    technical personnel for positions in the Department of Defense, 
    including--
            (A) appropriate direct hiring authorities;
            (B) excepted service authorities;
            (C) personnel exchange authorities;
            (D) authorities for hiring special government employees and 
        highly qualified experts;
            (E) special pay authorities; and
            (F) private sector best practices to attract and retain 
        technical talent.
        (3) Metrics.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop metrics to 
    evaluate the effectiveness of the pilot program in contributing to 
    the ability of the Department of Defense to attract and retain 
    technical talent.
        (4) Plan required.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
    plan for the implementation of the pilot program.
    (b) Reports.--
        (1) Report on plan.--Not later than one year after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
    the congressional defense committees a report that sets forth the 
    plan required under subsection (a)(4).
        (2) Report on pilot program.--Not later than three years after 
    the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
    shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
    the results of the pilot program.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``covered human resources personnel'' means 
    members of the Armed Forces and civilian employees of the 
    Department of Defense, including human resources professionals, 
    hiring managers, and recruiters, who are responsible for hiring 
    technical talent.
        (2) The term ``technical talent'' means individuals with 
    expertise in high priority technical disciplines.
    (d) Termination.--The requirement to carry out the pilot program 
under this section shall terminate five years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 247. PILOT PROGRAM ON THE USE OF ELECTRONIC PORTFOLIOS TO 
      EVALUATE CERTAIN APPLICANTS FOR TECHNICAL POSITIONS.
    (a) Pilot Program.--Beginning not later than one year after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall carry 
out a pilot program under which certain applicants for technical 
positions within the Department of Defense will be evaluated, in part, 
based on electronic portfolios of the applicant's work, as described in 
subsection (b).
    (b) Activities.--Under the pilot program, the human resources 
manager of each organization of the Department of Defense participating 
in the program, in consultation with relevant subject matter experts, 
shall--
        (1) identify a subset of technical positions for which the 
    evaluation of electronic portfolios would be appropriate as part of 
    the hiring process; and
        (2) as appropriate, assess applicants for such positions by 
    reviewing electronic portfolios of the applicants' best work, as 
    selected by the applicant concerned.
    (c) Scope of Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out the 
pilot program under subsection (a) in--
        (1) the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center;
        (2) the Defense Digital Service;
        (3) at least one activity of each military department, as 
    identified by the Secretary of the department concerned; and
        (4) such other organizations and elements of the Department of 
    Defense as the Secretary determines appropriate.
    (d) Report.--Not later than two years after the commencement of the 
pilot program under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the results 
of the program. At a minimum, the report shall--
        (1) describe how the use of electronic portfolios in the hiring 
    process affected the timeliness of the hiring process for technical 
    positions in organizations of the Department of Defense 
    participating in the program;
        (2) assess the level of satisfaction of organization leaders, 
    hiring authorities, and subject matter experts with the quality of 
    applicants who were hired based on evaluations of electronic 
    portfolios;
        (3) identify other job series that could benefit from the use 
    of electronic portfolios in the hiring process;
        (4) recommend whether the use of electronic portfolios in the 
    hiring process should be expanded or made permanent; and
        (5) recommend any statutory, regulatory, or policy changes 
    required to support the goals of the pilot program under subsection 
    (a).
    (e) Technical Position Defined.--In this section, the term 
``technical position'' means a position in the Department of Defense 
that--
        (1) requires expertise in artificial intelligence, data 
    science, or software development; and
        (2) is eligible for direct hire authority under section 9905 of 
    title 5, United States Code, or section 2358a of title 10, United 
    States Code.
    (f) Termination.--The authority to carry out the pilot program 
under subsection (a) shall terminate 5 years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 248. PILOT PROGRAM ON SELF-DIRECTED TRAINING IN ADVANCED 
      TECHNOLOGIES.
    (a) Online Courses.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
pilot program under which the Secretary makes available a list of 
approved online courses relating to advanced technologies that may be 
taken by civilian employees of the Department of Defense and members of 
the Armed Forces on a voluntary basis while not engaged in the 
performance of their duties.
    (b) Procedures.--The Secretary shall establish procedures for the 
development, selection, approval, adoption, and evaluation of online 
courses under subsection (a) to ensure that such courses are supportive 
of the goals of this section and overall goals for the training and 
education of the civilian and military workforce of the Department of 
Defense.
    (c) Documentation of Completion.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
develop and implement a system--
        (1) to confirm whether a civilian employee of the Department of 
    Defense or member of the Armed Forces has completed an online 
    course approved by the Secretary under subsection (a); and
        (2) to document the completion of such course by such employee 
    or member.
    (d) Incentives.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
implement incentives to encourage civilian employees of the Department 
of Defense and members of the Armed Forces to complete online courses 
approved by the Secretary under subsection (a).
    (e) Metrics.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop metrics to 
evaluate whether, and to what extent, the pilot program under this 
section improves the ability of participants--
        (1) to perform job-related functions; and
        (2) to execute relevant missions of the Department of Defense.
    (f) Advanced Technologies Defined.--In this section, the term 
``advanced technologies'' means technologies that the Secretary of 
Defense determines to be in high-demand within the Department of 
Defense and to which significant research and development efforts are 
devoted, including technologies such as artificial intelligence, data 
science, machine learning, fifth-generation telecommunications 
technology, and biotechnology.
    (g) Deadline.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out the 
activities described in subsections (a) through (e) not later than one 
year after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (h) Sunset.--This section shall terminate on October 1, 2024.
    SEC. 249. PART-TIME AND TERM EMPLOYMENT OF UNIVERSITY FACULTY AND 
      STUDENTS IN THE DEFENSE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ENTERPRISE.
    (a) Program Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
program under which opportunities for part-time and term employment are 
made available in the Defense science and technology enterprise for 
faculty and students of institutions of higher education for the 
purpose of enabling such faculty and students to carry out research 
projects in accordance with subsection (b).
    (b) Research Projects.--
        (1) Faculty.--A faculty member who is employed in position made 
    available under subsection (a) shall, in the course of such 
    employment, carry out a research project that--
            (A) relates to a topic in the field of science, technology, 
        engineering, or mathematics; and
            (B) contributes to the objectives of the Department of 
        Defense, as determined by the Secretary of Defense.
        (2) Students.--A student employed in position made available 
    under subsection (a) shall assist a faculty member with a research 
    project described in paragraph (1).
    (c) Selection of Participants.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
through the heads of participating organizations in the Defense science 
and technology enterprise, shall select individuals for participation 
in the program under subsection (a) as follows:
        (1) Faculty members shall be selected for participation on the 
    basis of--
            (A) the academic credentials and research experience of the 
        faculty member; and
            (B) the extent to which the research proposed to be carried 
        out by the faculty member will contribute to the objectives of 
        the Department of Defense.
        (2) Students shall be selected to assist with a research 
    project under the program on the basis of--
            (A) the academic credentials and other qualifications of 
        the student; and
            (B) the student's ability to fulfill the responsibilities 
        assigned to the student as part of the project.
    (d) Minimum Number of Positions.--
        (1) In general.--During the first year of the program under 
    subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall establish not fewer 
    than 10 part-time or term positions for faculty.
        (2) Artificial intelligence and machine learning.--Of the 
    positions established under paragraph (1), not fewer than five such 
    positions shall be reserved for faculty who will conduct research 
    in the area of artificial intelligence and machine learning.
    (e) Authorities.--In carrying out the program under subsection (a), 
the Secretary of Defense, or the head of an organization in the Defense 
science and technology enterprise, as applicable, may--
        (1) use any hiring authority available to the Secretary or the 
    head of such organization, including--
            (A) any hiring authority available under a laboratory 
        demonstration program, including the hiring authority provided 
        under section 2358a of title 10, United States Code;
            (B) direct hiring authority under section 1599h of title 
        10, United States Code; and
            (C) expert hiring authority under section 3109 of title 5, 
        United States Code;
        (2) enter into cooperative research and development agreements 
    under section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act 
    of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) to enable the sharing of research and 
    expertise with institutions of higher education and the private 
    sector; and
        (3) pay referral bonuses to faculty or students participating 
    in the program who identify--
            (A) students to assist in a research project under the 
        program; or
            (B) students or recent graduates to participate in other 
        programs in the Defense science and technology enterprise, 
        including internships at Department of Defense laboratories and 
        in the Pathways Program of the Department.
    (f) Annual Reports.--
        (1) Initial report.--Not later than 30 days after the 
    conclusion of the first year of the program under subsection (a), 
    the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees a report on the status of the program. The report shall 
    include--
            (A) identification of the number of faculty and students 
        employed under the program;
            (B) identification of the organizations in the Defense 
        science and technology enterprise that employed such 
        individuals; and
            (C) a description of the types of research conducted by 
        such individuals.
        (2) Subsequent reports.--Not later than 30 days after the 
    conclusion of the second and third years of the program under 
    subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a report on the progress of the 
    program. Each report shall include--
            (A) the information described in subparagraphs (A) through 
        (C) of paragraph (1);
            (B) the results of any research projects conducted under 
        the program; and
            (C) the number of students and recent graduates who, 
        pursuant to a reference from a faculty member or student 
        participating in the program as described in subsection (e)(3), 
        were hired by the Department of Defense or selected for 
        participation in another program in the Defense science and 
        technology enterprise.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``Defense science and technology enterprise'' 
    means--
            (A) the research organizations of the military departments;
            (B) the science and technology reinvention laboratories (as 
        designated under section 1105 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 
        U.S.C. 2358 note));
            (C) the facilities of the Major Range and Test Facility 
        Base (as defined in section 2358a(f)(3) of title 10, United 
        States Code); and
            (D) the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.
        (2) The term ``faculty'' means an individual who serves as a 
    professor, researcher, or instructor at an institution of higher 
    education.
        (3) The term ``institution of higher education'' has the 
    meaning given that term in section 101 of the Higher Education Act 
    of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).
    SEC. 250. NATIONAL SECURITY WORKFORCE AND EDUCATIONAL DIVERSITY 
      ACTIVITIES.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to diversify 
participation in the Science, Mathematics, and Research for 
Transformation (SMART) Defense Education Program under section 2192a of 
title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Activities.--In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary 
shall--
        (1) subject to the availability of appropriations for this 
    purpose, set aside funds for financial assistance, scholarships, 
    and fellowships for students at historically Black colleges or 
    universities or at minority institutions of higher education and 
    such other institutions as the Secretary considers appropriate;
        (2) partner with institutions of higher education, and such 
    other public and private sector organizations as the Secretary 
    considers appropriate, to increase diversity of participants in the 
    program described in subsection (a);
        (3) establish individual and organizational incentives, and 
    such other activities as the Secretary considers appropriate, to 
    increase diversity of student participation in the program 
    described in subsection (a);
        (4) increase awareness of opportunities to participate in the 
    program described in subsection (a);
        (5) evaluate the potential for new programs, fellowships, and 
    other activities at historically Black colleges or universities and 
    minority institutions of higher education to increase diversity in 
    educational and workforce development programs;
        (6) identify potential changes to the program described in 
    subsection (a) that would improve diversity of participants in such 
    program; and
        (7) establish metrics to evaluate success of activities under 
    this section.
    (c) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2024, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
that evaluates the success of activities conducted by the Secretary in 
increasing diversity in appropriate programs of the Department of 
Defense and hiring and retaining diverse individuals in the science, 
mathematics, and research workforce of the public sector.
    SEC. 251. COORDINATION OF SCHOLARSHIP AND EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS OF 
      THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Establishment or Designation of Organization.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall establish or designate an organization within the 
Department of Defense which shall have primary responsibility for 
building cohesion and collaboration across the various scholarship and 
employment programs of the Department.
    (b) Duties.--The organization established or designated under 
subsection (a) shall have the following duties:
        (1) To establish an interconnected network and database across 
    the scholarship and employment programs of the Department.
        (2) To aid in matching scholarships to individuals pursuing 
    courses of study in high demand skill areas.
        (3) To build a network of current and former program 
    participants for potential engagement or employment with Department 
    activities.
    (c) Annual Listing.--On an annual basis, the organization 
established or designated under subsection (a) shall publish, on a 
publicly accessible website of the Department, a listing of scholarship 
and employment programs carried out by the Department.
    SEC. 252. STUDY ON MECHANISMS FOR ATTRACTING AND RETAINING HIGH 
      QUALITY TALENT IN THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall enter into an 
agreement with an independent academic institution to conduct a study 
to develop policy options and recommendations for the establishment of 
a program to attract and retain covered individuals for employment in 
the Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements.--The study required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
        (1) An analysis of mechanisms the Department may use to engage 
    public and private sector organizations to assist in the 
    identification and recruitment of covered individuals for 
    employment in the Department of Defense.
        (2) Identification of statutory, regulatory, and organizational 
    barriers to the development of the program described in subsection 
    (a).
        (3) An analysis of monetary and nonmonetary incentives that may 
    be provided to retain covered individuals in positions in the 
    Department.
        (4) An analysis of methods that may be implemented to ensure 
    appropriate vetting of covered individuals.
        (5) An analysis of the size of a program required to advance 
    the competitiveness of the research, development, test, and 
    evaluation efforts of the Department in the critical technologies 
    identified in the National Defense Strategy.
        (6) The type and amount of resources required to implement the 
    program described in subsection (a).
    (c) Reports.--
        (1) Initial report.--Not later than February 1, 2021, the 
    Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
    report on the plan of the Secretary to execute the study required 
    under subsection (a).
        (2) Final report.--Not later than February 1, 2022, the 
    Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
    report on the results of the study conducted under subsection (a).
    (d) Covered Individual Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered individual'' means an individual who--
        (1) is engaged in work to promote and protect the national 
    security of the United States;
        (2) is engaged in basic or applied research, funded by the 
    Department of Defense; and
        (3) possesses scientific or technical expertise that will 
    advance the development of critical technologies identified in the 
    National Defense Strategy or the National Defense Science and 
    Technology Strategy, required by section 218 of the John S. McCain 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 
    115-232; 132 Stat. 1679).

                   Subtitle E--Sustainable Chemistry

    SEC. 261. NATIONAL COORDINATING ENTITY FOR SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY.
    (a) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this title, the Director of the Office of Science and 
Technology Policy shall convene an interagency entity (referred to in 
this subtitle as the ``Entity'') under the National Science and 
Technology Council with the responsibility to coordinate Federal 
programs and activities in support of sustainable chemistry, including 
those described in sections 263 and 264.
    (b) Coordination With Existing Groups.--In convening the Entity, 
the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy shall 
consider overlap and possible coordination with existing committees, 
subcommittees, or other groups of the National Science and Technology 
Council, such as--
        (1) the Committee on Environment;
        (2) the Committee on Technology;
        (3) the Committee on Science; or
        (4) related groups or subcommittees.
    (c) Co-chairs.--The Entity shall be co-chaired by the Director of 
the Office of Science and Technology Policy and a representative from 
the Environmental Protection Agency, the National Institute of 
Standards and Technology, the National Science Foundation, or the 
Department of Energy, as selected by the Director of the Office of 
Science and Technology Policy.
    (d) Agency Participation.--The Entity shall include 
representatives, including subject matter experts, from the 
Environmental Protection Agency, the National Institute of Standards 
and Technology, the National Science Foundation, the Department of 
Energy, the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Defense, the 
National Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control and 
Prevention, the Food and Drug Administration, and other related Federal 
agencies, as appropriate.
    (e) Termination.--The Entity shall terminate on the date that is 10 
years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 262. STRATEGIC PLAN FOR SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY.
    (a) Strategic Plan.--Not later than 2 years after the date of the 
enactment of this subtitle, the Entity shall--
        (1) consult with relevant stakeholders, including 
    representatives from industry, academia, national labs, the Federal 
    Government, and international entities, to develop and update, as 
    needed, a consensus definition of ``sustainable chemistry'' to 
    guide the activities under this subtitle;
        (2) develop a working framework of attributes characterizing, 
    and metrics for assessing, sustainable chemistry, as described in 
    subsection (b);
        (3) assess the state of sustainable chemistry in the United 
    States as a key benchmark from which progress under the activities 
    described in this title can be measured, including assessing key 
    sectors of the United States economy, key technology platforms, 
    commercial priorities, and barriers to innovation;
        (4) coordinate and support Federal research, development, 
    demonstration, technology transfer, commercialization, education, 
    and training efforts in sustainable chemistry, including budget 
    coordination and support for public-private partnerships, as 
    appropriate;
        (5) identify any Federal regulatory barriers to, and 
    opportunities for, Federal agencies facilitating the development of 
    incentives for development, consideration, and use of sustainable 
    chemistry processes and products;
        (6) identify major scientific challenges, roadblocks, and 
    hurdles to transformational progress in improving the 
    sustainability of the chemical sciences; and
        (7) review, identify, and make effort to eliminate duplicative 
    Federal funding and duplicative Federal research in sustainable 
    chemistry.
    (b) Characterizing and Assessing Sustainable Chemistry.--The Entity 
shall develop a working framework of attributes characterizing, and 
metrics for assessing, sustainable chemistry for the purposes of 
carrying out this subtitle. In developing this framework, the Entity 
shall--
        (1) seek advice and input from stakeholders as described in 
    subsection (c);
        (2) consider existing definitions of, or frameworks 
    characterizing and metrics for assessing, sustainable chemistry 
    already in use at Federal agencies;
        (3) consider existing definitions of, or frameworks 
    characterizing and metrics for assessing, sustainable chemistry 
    already in use by international organizations of which the United 
    States is a member, such as the Organisation for Economic Co-
    operation and Development; and
        (4) consider any other appropriate existing definitions of, or 
    frameworks characterizing and metrics for assessing, sustainable 
    chemistry.
    (c) Consultation.--In carrying out the duties described in 
subsections (a) and (b), the Entity shall consult with stakeholders 
qualified to provide advice and information to guide Federal activities 
related to sustainable chemistry through workshops, requests for 
information, or other mechanisms as necessary. The stakeholders shall 
include representatives from--
        (1) business and industry, including trade associations and 
    small- and medium-sized enterprises from across the value chain;
        (2) the scientific community, including the National Academies 
    of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, scientific professional 
    societies, national labs, and academia;
        (3) the defense community;
        (4) State, tribal, and local governments, including 
    nonregulatory State or regional sustainable chemistry programs, as 
    appropriate;
        (5) nongovernmental organizations; and
        (6) other appropriate organizations.
    (d) Report to Congress.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Entity shall submit a report to the 
    Committee on Environment and Public Works, the Committee on 
    Commerce, Science, and Transportation, the Committee on 
    Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry, the Committee on Health, 
    Education, Labor, and Pensions, and the Committee on Appropriations 
    of the Senate, and the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, 
    the Committee on Energy and Commerce, the Committee on Agriculture, 
    the Committee on Education and Labor, and the Committee on 
    Appropriations of the House of Representatives. In addition to the 
    elements described in subsections (a) and (b), the report shall 
    include--
            (A) a summary of federally funded sustainable chemistry 
        research, development, demonstration, technology transfer, 
        commercialization, education, and training activities;
            (B) a summary of the financial resources allocated to 
        sustainable chemistry initiatives by each participating agency;
            (C) an assessment of the current state of sustainable 
        chemistry in the United States, including the role that Federal 
        agencies are playing in supporting it;
            (D) an analysis of the progress made toward achieving the 
        goals and priorities of this subtitle, and recommendations for 
        future program activities;
            (E) an evaluation of steps taken and future strategies to 
        avoid duplication of efforts, streamline interagency 
        coordination, facilitate information sharing, and spread best 
        practices among participating agencies; and
            (F) an evaluation of duplicative Federal funding and 
        duplicative Federal research in sustainable chemistry, efforts 
        undertaken by the Entity to eliminate duplicative funding and 
        research, and recommendations on how to achieve these goals.
        (2) Submission to gao.--The Entity shall also submit the report 
    described in paragraph (1) to the Comptroller General of the United 
    States for consideration in future Congressional inquiries.
        (3) Additional reports.--The Entity shall submit a report to 
    Congress and the Comptroller General of the United States that 
    incorporates the information described in subparagraphs (A), (B), 
    (D), (E), and (F) of paragraph (1) every 3 years, commencing after 
    the initial report is submitted until the Entity terminates.
    SEC. 263. AGENCY ACTIVITIES IN SUPPORT OF SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY.
    (a) In General.--The agencies participating in the Entity shall 
carry out activities in support of sustainable chemistry, as 
appropriate to the specific mission and programs of each agency.
    (b) Activities.--The activities described in subsection (a) shall--
        (1) incorporate sustainable chemistry into existing research, 
    development, demonstration, technology transfer, commercialization, 
    education, and training programs, that the agency determines to be 
    relevant, including consideration of--
            (A) merit-based competitive grants to individual 
        investigators and teams of investigators, including, to the 
        extent practicable, early career investigators, for research 
        and development;
            (B) grants to fund collaborative research and development 
        partnerships among universities, industry, and nonprofit 
        organizations;
            (C) coordination of sustainable chemistry research, 
        development, demonstration, and technology transfer conducted 
        at Federal laboratories and agencies;
            (D) incentive prize competitions and challenges in 
        coordination with such existing Federal agency programs; and
            (E) grants, loans, and loan guarantees to aid in the 
        technology transfer and commercialization of sustainable 
        chemicals, materials, processes, and products;
        (2) collect and disseminate information on sustainable 
    chemistry research, development, technology transfer, and 
    commercialization, including information on accomplishments and 
    best practices;
        (3) expand the education and training of students at 
    appropriate levels of education, professional scientists and 
    engineers, and other professionals involved in all aspects of 
    sustainable chemistry and engineering appropriate to that level of 
    education and training, including through--
            (A) partnerships with industry as described in section 264;
            (B) support for the integration of sustainable chemistry 
        principles into chemistry and chemical engineering curriculum 
        and research training, as appropriate to that level of 
        education and training; and
            (C) support for integration of sustainable chemistry 
        principles into existing or new professional development 
        opportunities for professionals including teachers, faculty, 
        and individuals involved in laboratory research (product 
        development, materials specification and testing, life cycle 
        analysis, and management);
        (4) as relevant to an agency's programs, examine methods by 
    which the Federal agencies, in collaboration and consultation with 
    the National Institute of Standards and Technology, may facilitate 
    the development or recognition of validated, standardized tools for 
    performing sustainability assessments of chemistry processes or 
    products;
        (5) through programs identified by an agency, support, 
    including through technical assistance, participation, financial 
    support, communications tools, awards, or other forms of support, 
    outreach and dissemination of sustainable chemistry advances such 
    as non-Federal symposia, forums, conferences, and publications in 
    collaboration with, as appropriate, industry, academia, scientific 
    and professional societies, and other relevant groups;
        (6) provide for public input and outreach to be integrated into 
    the activities described in this section by the convening of public 
    discussions, through mechanisms such as public meetings, consensus 
    conferences, and educational events, as appropriate;
        (7) within each agency, develop or adapt metrics to track the 
    outputs and outcomes of the programs supported by that agency; and
        (8) incentivize or recognize actions that advance sustainable 
    chemistry products, processes, or initiatives, including through 
    the establishment of a nationally recognized awards program through 
    the Environmental Protection Agency to identify, publicize, and 
    celebrate innovations in sustainable chemistry and chemical 
    technologies.
    (c) Limitations .--Financial support provided under this section 
shall--
        (1) be available only for pre-competitive activities; and
        (2) not be used to promote the sale of a specific product, 
    process, or technology, or to disparage a specific product, 
    process, or technology.
    SEC. 264. PARTNERSHIPS IN SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY.
    (a) In General.--The agencies participating in the Entity may 
facilitate and support, through financial, technical, or other 
assistance, the creation of partnerships between institutions of higher 
education, nongovernmental organizations, consortia, or companies 
across the value chain in the chemical industry, including small- and 
medium-sized enterprises, to--
        (1) create collaborative sustainable chemistry research, 
    development, demonstration, technology transfer, and 
    commercialization programs; and
        (2) train students and retrain professional scientists, 
    engineers, and others involved in materials specification on the 
    use of sustainable chemistry concepts and strategies by methods, 
    including--
            (A) developing or recognizing curricular materials and 
        courses for undergraduate and graduate levels and for the 
        professional development of scientists, engineers, and others 
        involved in materials specification; and
            (B) publicizing the availability of professional 
        development courses in sustainable chemistry and recruiting 
        professionals to pursue such courses.
    (b) Private Sector Participation.--To be eligible for support under 
this section, a partnership in sustainable chemistry shall include at 
least one private sector organization.
    (c) Selection of Partnerships.--In selecting partnerships for 
support under this section, the agencies participating in the Entity 
shall also consider the extent to which the applicants are willing and 
able to demonstrate evidence of support for, and commitment to, the 
goals outlined in the strategic plan and report described in section 
262.
    (d) Prohibited Use of Funds.--Financial support provided under this 
section may not be used--
        (1) to support or expand a regulatory chemical management 
    program at an implementing agency under a State law;
        (2) to construct or renovate a building or structure; or
        (3) to promote the sale of a specific product, process, or 
    technology, or to disparage a specific product, process, or 
    technology.
    SEC. 265. PRIORITIZATION.
    In carrying out this subtitle, the Entity shall focus its support 
for sustainable chemistry activities on those that achieve, to the 
highest extent practicable, the goals outlined in the subtitle.
    SEC. 266. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.
    Nothing in this subtitle shall be construed to alter or amend any 
State law or action with regard to sustainable chemistry, as defined by 
the State.
    SEC. 267. MAJOR MULTI-USER RESEARCH FACILITY PROJECT.
    Section 110 of the American Innovation and Competitiveness Act (42 
U.S.C. 1862s-2) is amended by striking (g)(2) and inserting the 
following:
        ``(2) Major multi-user research facility project.--The term 
    `major multi-user research facility project' means a science and 
    engineering facility project that exceeds $100,000,000 in total 
    construction, acquisition, or upgrade costs to the Foundation.''.

             Subtitle F--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

    SEC. 271. MODIFICATION TO ANNUAL REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF 
      OPERATIONAL TEST AND EVALUATION.
    Section 139(h)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``Engineering,,'' and inserting 
    ``Engineering,''; and
        (2) by striking ``, through January 31, 2025'' and inserting 
    ``, through January 31, 2026''.
    SEC. 272. MODIFICATION TO TEST RESOURCE MANAGEMENT CENTER STRATEGIC 
      PLAN REPORTING CYCLE AND CONTENTS.
    (a) Quadrennial Strategic Plan.--Section 196 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsections (c)(1)(C) and (e)(2)(B), by inserting 
    ``quadrennial'' before ``strategic plan''; and
        (2) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in the heading, by inserting ``Quadrennial'' before 
        ``Strategic Plan''; and
            (B) by inserting ``quadrennial'' before ``strategic plan'' 
        each place it occurs.
    (b) Timing and Coverage of Plan.--Subsection (d)(1) of such 
section, as amended by subsection (a)(2), is further amended, in the 
first sentence, by striking ``two fiscal years'' and inserting ``four 
fiscal years, and within one year after release of the National Defense 
Strategy,''.
    (c) Amendment to Contents of Plan.--Subsection (d)(2)(C) of such 
section is amended by striking ``based on current'' and all that 
follows through the end and inserting ``for test and evaluation of the 
Department of Defense major weapon systems based on current and 
emerging threats.''.
    (d) Annual Update to Plan.--Subsection (d) of such section is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(5)(A) In addition to the quadrennial strategic plan completed 
under paragraph (1), the Director of the Department of Defense Test 
Resource Management Center shall also complete an annual update to the 
quadrennial strategic plan.
    ``(B) Each annual update completed under subparagraph (A) shall 
include the following:
        ``(i) A summary of changes to the assessment provided in the 
    most recent quadrennial strategic plan.
        ``(ii) Comments and recommendations the Director considers 
    appropriate.
        ``(iii) Test and evaluation challenges raised since the 
    completion of the most recent quadrennial strategic plan.
        ``(iv) Actions taken or planned to address such challenges.''.
    (e) Technical Correction.--Subsection (d)(1) of such, as amended by 
subsections (a)(2) and (b), is further amended by striking ``Test 
Resources Management Center'' and inserting ``Test Resource Management 
Center''.
    SEC. 273. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO ENERGETICS PLAN 
      TO INCLUDE ASSESSMENT OF FEASIBILITY AND ADVISABILITY OF 
      ESTABLISHING A PROGRAM OFFICE FOR ENERGETICS.
    Section 253(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (133 Stat. 1287; Public Law 116-92) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
    semicolon; and
        (2) in paragraph (3), by striking the period and inserting ``; 
    and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(4) assesses the feasibility and advisability of establishing 
    a program office--
            ``(A) to coordinate energetics research; and
            ``(B) to ensure a robust and sustained energetics material 
        enterprise.''.
    SEC. 274. ELEMENT IN ANNUAL REPORTS ON CYBER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
      ACTIVITIES ON WORK WITH ACADEMIC CONSORTIA ON HIGH PRIORITY 
      CYBERSECURITY RESEARCH ACTIVITIES IN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
      CAPABILITIES.
    Section 257(b)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1291) is amended by 
adding at end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(J) Efforts to work with academic consortia on high 
        priority cybersecurity research activities.''.
    SEC. 275. REPEAL OF QUARTERLY UPDATES ON THE OPTIONALLY MANNED 
      FIGHTING VEHICLE PROGRAM.
    Section 261 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1294) is repealed.
    SEC. 276. MICROELECTRONICS AND NATIONAL SECURITY.
    Section 231 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by inserting ``, in collaboration with the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, the Under 
        Secretary for Research and Engineering, and the Director of the 
        Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency,'' after ``shall''; 
        and
            (B) by striking ``September 30, 2019'' and inserting ``June 
        1, 2021'';
        (2) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following new 
    paragraphs:
        ``(10) An approach to ensuring the continuing production of 
    cutting-edge microelectronics for national security needs, 
    including access to state-of-the-art node sizes through commercial 
    manufacturing, heterogeneous integration, advantaged sensor 
    manufacturing, boutique chip designs, and variable volume 
    production capabilities.
        ``(11) An assessment of current microelectronics supply chain 
    management best practices, including--
            ``(A) intellectual property controls;
            ``(B) international standards;
            ``(C) guidelines of the National Institute of Standards and 
        Technology;
            ``(D) product traceability and provenance; and
            ``(E) location of design, manufacturing, and packaging 
        facilities.
        ``(12) An assessment of existing risks to the current 
    microelectronics supply chain.
        ``(13) A description of actions that may be carried out by the 
    defense industrial base to implement best practices described in 
    paragraph (11) and mitigate risks described in paragraph (12).
        ``(14) A plan for increasing commercialization of intellectual 
    property developed by the Department of Defense for commercial 
    microelectronics research and development.
        ``(15) An assessment of the feasibility, usefulness, efficacy, 
    and cost of--
            ``(A) developing a national laboratory exclusively focused 
        on the research and development of microelectronics to serve as 
        a center for Federal Government expertise in high-performing, 
        trusted microelectronics and as a hub for Federal Government 
        research into breakthrough microelectronics-related 
        technologies; and
            ``(B) incorporating into such national laboratory a 
        commercial incubator to provide early-stage microelectronics 
        startups, which face difficulties scaling due to the high costs 
        of microelectronics design and fabrication, with access to 
        funding resources, fabrication facilities, design tools, and 
        shared intellectual property.
        ``(16) The development of multiple models of public-private 
    partnerships to execute the strategy, including in-depth analysis 
    of establishing a semiconductor manufacturing corporation to 
    leverage private sector technical, managerial, and investment 
    expertise, and private capital, that would have the authority and 
    funds to provide grants or approve investment tax credits, or both, 
    to implement the strategy.
        ``(17) Processes and criteria for competitive selection of 
    commercial companies, including companies headquartered in 
    countries that are allies or partners with the United States, to 
    provide design, foundry and assembly, and packaging services and to 
    build and operate the industrial capabilities associated with such 
    services.
        ``(18) The role that other Federal agencies should play in 
    organizing and supporting the strategy, including any required 
    direct or indirect funding support, or legislative and regulatory 
    actions, including restricting procurement to domestic sources, and 
    providing antitrust and export control relief.
        ``(19) All potential funding sources and mechanisms for initial 
    and sustaining investments in microelectronics.
        ``(20) Such other matters as the Secretary of Defense 
    determines to be relevant.'';
        (3) in subsection (d), by striking ``September 30, 2019'' and 
    inserting ``June 1, 2021'';
        (4) in subsection (e), by striking ``September 30, 2020'' and 
    inserting ``June 1, 2021''; and
        (5) by redeignating subsection (f) as subsection (g);
        (6) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
    subsection (f):
    ``(f) Submission.--Not later than June 1, 2021, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit the strategy required in subsection (a), along 
with any views and recommendations and an estimated budget to implement 
the strategy, to the President, the National Security Council, and the 
National Economic Council.''.
    SEC. 277. INDEPENDENT EVALUATION OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE AND 
      DIAGNOSTIC TESTING EQUIPMENT.
    (a) Independent Evaluation Required.--The Director of Operational 
Test and Evaluation shall conduct an independent evaluation of whether 
covered personal protective and diagnostic testing equipment is 
operationally effective and suitable to satisfy the specific needs and 
required protection of the workforce of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Availability of Information.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
provide the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation with such 
information as may be necessary for the Director to conduct the 
evaluations required under subsection (a).
    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 90 days after the 
completion of each evaluation under subsection (a), the Director of 
Operational Test and Evaluation shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the results of the evaluation.
    (d) Covered Personal Protective and Diagnostic Testing Equipment 
Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered personal protective and 
diagnostic testing equipment'' means any personal protective equipment 
or diagnostic testing equipment developed, acquired, or used by the 
Department of Defense--
        (1) in response to COVID-19; or
        (2) as part of any follow-on, long-term acquisition and 
    distribution program for such equipment.
    SEC. 278. ASSESSMENT ON UNITED STATES NATIONAL SECURITY EMERGING 
      BIOTECHNOLOGY EFFORTS AND CAPABILITIES AND COMPARISON WITH 
      ADVERSARIES.
    (a) Assessment and Comparison Required.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
    Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and the 
    Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and Security, shall 
    conduct an assessment and direct comparison of capabilities in 
    emerging biotechnologies for national security purposes, including 
    applications in material, manufacturing, and health, between the 
    capabilities of the United States and the capabilities of 
    adversaries of the United States.
        (2) Elements.--The assessment and comparison carried out under 
    paragraph (1) shall include the following:
            (A) An evaluation of the quantity, quality, and progress of 
        United States fundamental and applied research for emerging 
        biotechnology initiatives for national security purposes.
            (B) An assessment of the resourcing of United States 
        efforts to harness emerging biotechnology capabilities for 
        national security purposes, including the supporting 
        facilities, test infrastructure, and workforce.
            (C) An intelligence assessment of adversary emerging 
        biotechnology capabilities and research as well as an 
        assessment of adversary intent and willingness to use emerging 
        biotechnologies for national security purposes.
            (D) An assessment of the analytic and operational subject 
        matter expertise necessary to assess rapidly-evolving foreign 
        military developments in biotechnology, and the current state 
        of the workforce in the intelligence community.
            (E) Recommendations to improve and accelerate United States 
        capabilities in emerging biotechnologies and the associated 
        intelligence community expertise.
            (F) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
    (b) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than February 1, 2021, the Secretary 
    shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
    the assessment carried out under subsection (a).
        (2) Form.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) shall be 
    submitted in the following formats--
            (A) unclassified form, which may include a classified 
        annex; and
            (B) publically releasable form, representing appropriate 
        information from the report under subparagraph (A).
    (c) Definition of Intelligence Community.--In this section, the 
term ``intelligence community'' has the meaning given such term in 
section 3 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003).
    SEC. 279. ANNUAL REPORTS REGARDING THE SBIR PROGRAM OF THE 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Reports Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and not later than 120 days after the end of 
each fiscal years 2021, 2022, and 2023, the Secretary of Defense, after 
consultation with the Secretary of each military department, shall 
submit to Congress a report that describes the following:
        (1) The ways in which the Department of Defense is using 
    incentives under section 9(y)(6)(B) of the Small Business Act (15 
    U.S.C. 638(y)(6)(B)) to increase the number of Phase II SBIR 
    contracts that lead to technology transition into programs of 
    record or fielded systems.
        (2) The extent to which the Department has developed simplified 
    and standardized procedures and model contracts throughout the 
    agency for Phase I, Phase II, and Phase III SBIR awards, as 
    required under section 9(hh)(2)(A)(i) of the Small Business Act (15 
    U.S.C. 638(hh)(2)(A)(i)).
        (3) The extent to which any incentives described in this 
    section and implemented by the Secretary of Defense have resulted 
    in an increased number of Phase II contracts under the SBIR program 
    of the Department of Defense leading to technology transition into 
    programs of record or fielded systems.
        (4) The extent to which Phase I, Phase II, and Phase III 
    projects under the SBIR program of the Department align with the 
    modernization priorities of the Department.
        (5) Actions taken to ensure that the SBIR program of the 
    Department aligns with the goals of the program, namely--
            (A) to stimulate technological innovation;
            (B) to meet Federal research and development needs;
            (C) to foster and encourage participation in innovation and 
        entrepreneurship by women and socially or economically 
        disadvantaged individuals; and
            (D) to increase private-sector commercialization of 
        innovations derived from Federal research and development 
        funding.
        (6) Any other action taken, and proposed to be taken, to 
    increase the number of Department Phase II SBIR contracts leading 
    to technology transition into programs of record or fielded 
    systems.
    (b) SBIR Defined.--In this section, the term ``SBIR'' has the 
meaning given the term in section 9(e) of the Small Business Act (15 
U.S.C. 638(e)).
    SEC. 280. REPORTS ON F-35 PHYSIOLOGICAL EPISODES AND MITIGATION 
      EFFORTS.
    (a) Study and Report.--
        (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
    and Sustainment shall conduct a study to determine the underlying 
    causes of physiological episodes affecting crewmembers of F-35 
    aircraft.
        (2) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall include--
            (A) an examination of each physiological episode reported 
        by a crewmember of an F-35 aircraft as of the date of the 
        enactment of this Act;
            (B) a determination as to the underlying cause of the 
        episode; and
            (C) an examination of--
                (i) any long-term effects, including potential long-
            term effects, of the episode; and
                (ii) any additional care an affected crewmember may 
            need.
        (3) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
    Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to the congressional 
    defense committees a report that includes--
            (A) the results the study conducted under subsection (a), 
        including a description of each physiological episode examined 
        under the study and an explanation of the underlying cause of 
        the episode;
            (B) a description of any actions that may be taken to 
        address the underlying causes of such episodes, including any 
        resources that may be required to carry out such actions; and
            (C) any other findings and recommendations of the study.
    (b) Annual Reports on Mitigation Efforts.--The Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment, shall include with the annual report 
required by section 224(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2059), a detailed 
description of--
        (1) the efforts of the Department of Defense to address 
    physiological episodes affecting crewmembers of F-35 aircraft; and
        (2) the funding allocated for such efforts.
    SEC. 281. REVIEW AND REPORT ON NEXT GENERATION AIR DOMINANCE 
      CAPABILITIES.
    (a) Reviews.--
        (1) In general.--The Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
    Evaluation shall conduct--
            (A) a non-advocate review of the next generation air 
        dominance initiative of the Air Force;
            (B) a non-advocate review of the next generation air 
        dominance initiative of the Navy; and
            (C) a non-advocate review of the business case analysis 
        developed by the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics regarding the Digital 
        Century Series Aircraft acquisition strategy of the Air Force.
        (2) Elements.--(A) The reviews under paragraphs (1)(A) and 
    (1)(B) shall include an assessment of--
            (i) all risks associated with cost, schedule, development, 
        integration, production, fielding, and sustainment of next 
        generation air dominance capabilities;
            (ii) the technological maturity of significant hardware and 
        software efforts planned or carried out as part of the 
        development of such capabilities; and
            (iii) affordability goals that the Air Force and the Navy 
        (as the case may be) will be required to achieve during 
        development, production, and sustainment activities for such 
        capabilities that will not jeopardize or otherwise be 
        detrimental to other high-priority future capabilities being 
        developed and procured to support and execute other primary 
        core competencies and missions.
        (B) The review under paragraph (1)(C) shall include an 
    assessment of--
            (i) methods, objectives, risks, ground rules, and 
        assumptions;
            (ii) validity, accuracy, and deficiencies in knowledge and 
        data used in support of the analysis;
            (iii) financial and nonfinancial business benefits and 
        impacts;
            (iv) likelihood of risks to materialize; and
            (v) conclusions, recommendations, and any other information 
        the Director believes to be relevant to the review.
    (b) Reports.--The Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
Evaluation shall submit to the congressional defense committees--
        (1) a report on the results of the review conducted under 
    subsection (a)(1)(A) with respect to the Air Force;
        (2) a report on the results of the review conducted under 
    subsection (a)(1)(B) with respect to the Navy; and
        (3) a report on the results of the review conducted under 
    subsection (a)(1)(C).
    SEC. 282. PLAN FOR OPERATIONAL TEST AND UTILITY EVALUATION OF 
      SYSTEMS FOR LOW-COST ATTRIBUTABLE AIRCRAFT TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM.
    Not later than March 1, 2021, the Assistant Secretary of the Air 
Force for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall--
        (1) submit to the congressional defense committees an 
    executable plan for the operational test and utility evaluation of 
    systems for the Low-Cost Attributable Aircraft Technology (LCAAT) 
    program of the Air Force; and
        (2) provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing 
    on the plan so submitted.
    SEC. 283. INDEPENDENT COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF EFFORTS BY CHINA AND 
      THE UNITED STATES TO RECRUIT AND RETAIN RESEARCHERS IN NATIONAL 
      SECURITY-RELATED AND DEFENSE-RELATED FIELDS.
    (a) Agreement.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter 
    into an agreement with the National Academies of Sciences, 
    Engineering, and Medicine for the National Academies of Sciences, 
    Engineering, and Medicine to perform the services covered by this 
    section.
        (2) Timing.--The Secretary shall seek to enter into the 
    agreement described in paragraph (1) not later than 60 days after 
    the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Review.--
        (1) In general.--Under an agreement between the Secretary and 
    the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine under 
    this section, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and 
    Medicine shall carry out a comparative analysis of efforts by China 
    and the United States Government to recruit and retain domestic and 
    foreign researchers and develop recommendations for the Secretary 
    of Defense and the heads of other Federal agencies as appropriate.
        (2) Elements.--The comparative analysis carried out under 
    paragraph (1) and the recommendations developed under such 
    paragraph shall include the following:
            (A) A list of the ``talent programs'' used by China and a 
        list of the incentive programs used by the United States to 
        recruit and retain researchers in fields relating to national 
        security or defense research.
            (B) The types of researchers, scientists, other technical 
        experts, and fields targeted by each talent program listed 
        under subparagraph (A).
            (C) The number of researchers in academia, the Department 
        of Defense Science and Technology Reinvention Laboratories, and 
        national security science and engineering programs of the 
        National Nuclear Security Administration targeted by the talent 
        programs listed under subparagraph (A).
            (D) The number of personnel currently participating in the 
        talent programs listed under subparagraph (A) and the number of 
        researchers currently participating in the incentive programs 
        listed under such subparagraph.
            (E) The incentives offered by each of the talent programs 
        listed under subparagraph (A) and a description of the 
        incentives offered through incentive programs under such 
        subparagraph to recruit and retain researchers, scientists, and 
        other technical experts.
            (F) A characterization of the national security, economic, 
        and scientific benefits China gains through the talent programs 
        listed under subparagraph (A) and a description of similar 
        gains accrued to the United States through incentive programs 
        listed under such subparagraph.
            (G) An assessment of the risks to national security and 
        benefits to the United States of scientific research 
        cooperation between the United States and China, such as that 
        which is performed under the agreement between the United 
        States and the People's Republic of China known as the 
        ``Agreement between the Government of the United States of 
        America and the Government of the People's Republic of China on 
        Cooperation in Science and Technology'', signed in Washington 
        on January 31, 1979, successor agreements, and similar 
        agreements, administered by the Secretary of State and the 
        heads of other Federal agencies.
            (H) A list of findings and recommendations relating to 
        policies that can be implemented by the United States, 
        especially the Department of Defense and other appropriate 
        Federal agencies, to improve the relative effectiveness of 
        United States activities to recruit and retain researchers, 
        scientists, and other technical experts relative to China.
    (c) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    execution of an agreement under subsection (a), the National 
    Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine shall--
            (A) submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        on the findings National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, 
        and Medicine with respect to the review carried out under this 
        section and the recommendations developed under this section; 
        and
            (B) make available to the public on a publicly accessible 
        website a version of report that is suitable for public 
        viewing.
        (2) Form.--The report submitted under paragraph (1)(A) shall be 
    submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Clearinghouse for 
          review of mission obstructions.
Sec. 312. Readiness and Environmental Protection Integration Program.
Sec. 313. Extension of real-time sound monitoring at Navy installations 
          where tactical fighter aircraft operate.
Sec. 314. Modification of authority for environmental restoration 
          projects of National Guard.
Sec. 315. Modification of authority to carry out military installation 
          resilience projects.
Sec. 316. Energy resilience and energy security measures on military 
          installations.
Sec. 317. Modification to availability of energy cost savings for 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 318. Increased transparency through reporting on usage and spills 
          of aqueous film-forming foam at military installations.
Sec. 319. Native American lands environmental mitigation program.
Sec. 320. Study on alternatives to address impacts of transboundary 
          flows, spills, or discharges of pollution or debris from the 
          Tijuana River on personnel, activities, and installations of 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 321. Pilot program on alternative fuel vehicle purchasing.
Sec. 322. Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to operational 
          energy improvement.
Sec. 323. Assessment of Department of Defense operational energy usage.
Sec. 324. Improvement of the Operational Energy Capability Improvement 
          Fund of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 325. Five-year reviews of containment technologies relating to Red 
          Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
Sec. 326. Limitation on use of funds for acquisition of furnished energy 
          for Rhine Ordnance Barracks Army Medical Center.
Sec. 327. Requirement to update Department of Defense adaptation 
          roadmap.
Sec. 328. Department of Defense report on greenhouse gas emissions 
          levels.
Sec. 329. Objectives, performance standards, and criteria for use of 
          wildlife conservation banking programs.
Sec. 330. Prizes for development of non-PFAS-containing fire-fighting 
          agent.
Sec. 331. Survey of technologies for Department of Defense application 
          in phasing out the use of fluorinated aqueous film-forming 
          foam.
Sec. 332. Interagency body on research related to per- and 
          polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 333. Restriction on Department of Defense procurement of certain 
          items containing perfluorooctane sulfonate or 
          perfluorooctanoic acid.
Sec. 334. Research and development of alternative to aqueous film-
          forming foam.
Sec. 335. Notification to agricultural operations located in areas 
          exposed to Department of Defense PFAS use.
Sec. 336. Reporting on energy savings performance contracts.
Sec. 337. Increase in funding for Centers for Disease Control Study on 
          health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances 
          contamination in drinking water.
Sec. 338. Guaranteeing Equipment Safety for Firefighters Act of 2020.
Sec. 339. Assessment of Department of Defense excess property programs 
          with respect to need and wildfire risk.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 341. National Defense Sustainment and Logistics Review.
Sec. 342. Repeal of sunset for minimum annual purchase amount for 
          carriers participating in the Civil Reserve Air Fleet.
Sec. 343. Additional elements for inclusion in Navy ship depot 
          maintenance budget report.
Sec. 344. Clarification of limitation on length of overseas forward 
          deployment of currently deployed naval vessels.
Sec. 345. Independent advisory panel on weapon system sustainment.
Sec. 346. Biannual briefings on status of Shipyard Infrastructure 
          Optimization Plan.
Sec. 347. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives for major weapon 
          systems.
Sec. 348. Repeal of statutory requirement for notification to Director 
          of Defense Logistics Agency three years prior to implementing 
          changes to any uniform or uniform component.

               Subtitle D--Munitions Safety and Oversight

Sec. 351. Chair of Department of Defense explosive safety board.
Sec. 352. Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense Program.
Sec. 353. Assessment of resilience of Department of Defense munitions 
          enterprise.
Sec. 354. Report on safety waivers and mishaps in Department of Defense 
          munitions enterprise.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 361. Pilot program for temporary issuance of maternity-related 
          uniform items.
Sec. 362. Servicewomen's Commemorative Partnerships.
Sec. 363. Biodefense analysis and budget submission.
Sec. 364. Update of National Biodefense Implementation Plan.
Sec. 365. Plans and reports on emergency response training for military 
          installations.
Sec. 366. Inapplicability of congressional notification and dollar 
          limitation requirements for advance billings for certain 
          background investigations.
Sec. 367. Adjustment in availability of appropriations for unusual cost 
          overruns and for changes in scope of work.
Sec. 368. Requirement that Secretary of Defense implement security and 
          emergency response recommendations relating to active shooter 
          or terrorist attacks on installations of Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 369. Clarification of food ingredient requirements for food or 
          beverages provided by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 370. Commission on the naming of items of the Department of Defense 
          that commemorate the Confederate States of America or any 
          person who served voluntarily with the Confederate States of 
          America.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

    SEC. 311. MILITARY AVIATION AND INSTALLATION ASSURANCE 
      CLEARINGHOUSE FOR REVIEW OF MISSION OBSTRUCTIONS.
    Section 183a(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) by striking ``If the Clearinghouse'' and inserting 
        ``(A) If the Clearinghouse''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
        ``(B) After the Clearinghouse issues a notice under 
    subparagraph (A) with respect to an energy project, the parties 
    should seek to identify feasible and affordable actions that can be 
    taken by the Department, the developer of such energy project, or 
    others to mitigate any adverse impact on military operations and 
    readiness.'';
        (2) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (6) as paragraphs 
    (5) through (7), respectively;
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
    paragraph (4):
    ``(4) If, after issuing the notices of presumed risk required by 
paragraphs (2) and (3), the Secretary of Defense later concludes for 
any reason that the energy project will not have an adverse impact on 
military readiness, the Clearinghouse shall notify the applicant and 
the governor in writing of that conclusion.''; and
        (4) in paragraph (7), as so redesignated, by striking ``Any 
    setback for a project pursuant to the previous sentence shall not 
    be more than what is determined to be necessary by a technical 
    analysis conducted by the Lincoln Laboratory at the Massachusetts 
    Institute of Technology or any successor entity.''.
    SEC. 312. READINESS AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION INTEGRATION 
      PROGRAM.
    (a) Use of Funds.--Section 2684a(i) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) Funds obligated to carry out an agreement under this section 
shall be available for use with regard to any property in the 
geographic scope specified in the agreement--
        ``(A) at the time the funds are obligated; and
        ``(B) in any subsequent modification to the agreement.''.
    (b) Clarification of References to Eligible Entities.--
        (1) Definition.--Subsection (b) of section 2684a of title 10, 
    United States Code, is amended, in the matter preceding paragraph 
    (1), by striking ``An agreement under this section may be entered 
    into with'' and inserting ``For purposes of this section, an 
    eligible entity is''.
        (2) Acquisition of property and interests.--Subsection (d)(1) 
    of such section is amended by striking ``the entity or entities'' 
    each place it appears and inserting ``an eligible entity or 
    entities''.
        (3) Retroactive application.--The amendments made by paragraphs 
    (1) and (2) shall apply to any agreement entered into under section 
    2684a of title 10, United States Code, on or after December 2, 
    2002.
    (c) Facilitating Agreements With Other Federal Agencies to Limit 
Encroachments.--Section 2684a(d)(5) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in the second sentence of subparagraph (A), by inserting 
    ``or another Federal agency'' after ``to a State'' both places it 
    appears; and
        (2) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the following:
    ``(B) Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), if all or a portion of the 
property or interest acquired under the agreement is initially or 
subsequently transferred to a State or another Federal agency, before 
that State or other Federal agency may declare the property or interest 
in excess to its needs or propose to exchange the property or interest, 
the State or other Federal agency shall give the Secretary concerned 
reasonable advance notice of its intent. If the Secretary concerned 
determines it necessary to preserve the purposes of this section, the 
Secretary concerned may request that administrative jurisdiction over 
the property be transferred to the Secretary concerned at no cost, and, 
upon such a request being made, the administrative jurisdiction over 
the property shall be transferred accordingly. If the Secretary 
concerned does not make such a request within a reasonable time period, 
all such rights of the Secretary concerned to request transfer of the 
property or interest shall remain available to the Secretary concerned 
with respect to future transfers or exchanges of the property or 
interest and shall bind all subsequent transferees.''.
    SEC. 313. EXTENSION OF REAL-TIME SOUND MONITORING AT NAVY 
      INSTALLATIONS WHERE TACTICAL FIGHTER AIRCRAFT OPERATE.
    Section 325(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended by striking ``a 12-
month period'' and inserting ``two 12-month periods, including one such 
period that begins in fiscal year 2021''.
    SEC. 314. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION 
      PROJECTS OF NATIONAL GUARD.
    (a) In General.--Section 2707(e) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
        (1) by striking ``Notwithstanding'' and inserting ``(1) 
    Notwithstanding'';
        (2) by inserting ``where military activities are conducted by 
    the National Guard of a State under title 32'' after ``facility''; 
    and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned may use the authority under section 
2701(d) of this title to carry out environmental restoration projects 
under paragraph (1).''.
    (b) Correction of Definition of Facility.--Paragraph (1) of section 
2700 of such title is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``(A) The terms'' and 
    inserting ``The term''; and
        (2) by striking subparagraph (B).
    SEC. 315. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO CARRY OUT MILITARY 
      INSTALLATION RESILIENCE PROJECTS.
    (a) Modification of Authority.--Section 2815 of title 10, United 
States Code is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``(except as provided in 
    subsections (d)(3) and (e))'' before the period at the end;
        (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``A project'' and inserting 
    ``Except as provided in subsection (e)(2), a project'';
        (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (f); and
        (4) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
    subsections:
    ``(d) Location of Projects.--Projects carried out pursuant to this 
section may be carried out--
        ``(1) on a military installation;
        ``(2) on a facility used by the Department of Defense that is 
    owned and operated by a State, the District of Columbia, the 
    Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth 
    of the Northern Mariana Islands, or the Virgin Islands, even if the 
    facility is not under the jurisdiction of the Department of 
    Defense, if the Secretary of Defense determines that the facility 
    is subject to significant use by the armed forces for testing or 
    training; or
        ``(3) outside of a military installation or facility described 
    in paragraph (2) if the Secretary concerned determines that the 
    project would preserve or enhance the resilience of--
            ``(A) a military installation;
            ``(B) a facility described in paragraph (2); or
            ``(C) community infrastructure determined by the Secretary 
        concerned to be necessary to maintain, improve, or rapidly 
        reestablish installation mission assurance and mission-
        essential functions.
    ``(e) Alternative Funding Source.--(1) In carrying out a project 
under this section, the Secretary concerned may use amounts available 
for operation and maintenance for the military department concerned if 
the Secretary concerned submits a notification to the congressional 
defense committees of the decision to carry out the project using such 
amounts and includes in the notification--
        ``(A) the current estimate of the cost of the project;
        ``(B) the source of funds for the project; and
        ``(C) a certification that deferral of the project for 
    inclusion in the next Military Construction Authorization Act would 
    be inconsistent with national security or the protection of health, 
    safety, or environmental quality, as the case may be.
    ``(2) A project carried out under this section using amounts under 
paragraph (1) may be carried out only after the end of the 7-day period 
beginning on the date on which a copy of the notification described in 
paragraph (1) is provided in an electronic medium pursuant to section 
480 of this title.
    ``(3) The maximum aggregate amount that the Secretary concerned may 
obligate from amounts available to the military department concerned 
for operation and maintenance in any fiscal year for projects under the 
authority of this subsection is $100,000,000.''.
    (b) Consideration of Military Installation Resilience in Agreements 
and Interagency Cooperation.--Section 2684a of such title is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (2)(B)--
                (i) by striking clause (ii); and
                (ii) in clause (i)--

                    (I) by striking ``(i)''; and
                    (II) by striking ``; or'' and inserting a 
                semicolon;

            (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
            (C) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraph (3):
        ``(3) maintaining or improving military installation 
    resilience; or''; and
        (2) by amending subsection (h) to read as follows:
    ``(h) Interagency Cooperation in Conservation and Resilience 
Programs to Avoid or Reduce Adverse Impacts on Military Installation 
Resilience and Military Readiness Activities.--In order to facilitate 
interagency cooperation and enhance the effectiveness of actions that 
will protect the environment, military installation resilience, and 
military readiness, the recipient of funds provided pursuant to an 
agreement under this section or under the Sikes Act (16 U.S.C. 670 et 
seq.) may, with regard to the lands and waters within the scope of the 
agreement, use such funds to satisfy any matching funds or cost-sharing 
requirement of any conservation or resilience program of any Federal 
agency notwithstanding any limitation of such program on the source of 
matching or cost-sharing funds.''.
    SEC. 316. ENERGY RESILIENCE AND ENERGY SECURITY MEASURES ON 
      MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.
    (a) In General.--Subchapter I of chapter 173 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2919 the following 
new section:
``Sec. 2920. Energy resilience and energy security measures on military 
    installations
    ``(a) Energy Resilience Measures.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
shall, by the end of fiscal year 2030, provide that 100 percent of the 
energy load required to maintain the critical missions of each 
installation have a minimum level of availability of 99.9 percent per 
fiscal year.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall issue standards establishing 
levels of availability relative to specific critical missions, with 
such standards providing a range of not less than 99.9 percent 
availability per fiscal year and not more than 99.9999 percent 
availability per fiscal year, depending on the criticality of the 
mission.
    ``(3) The Secretary may establish interim goals to take effect 
prior to fiscal year 2025 to ensure the requirements under this 
subsection are met.
    ``(4) The Secretary of each military department and the head of 
each Defense Agency shall ensure that their organizations meet the 
requirements of this subsection.
    ``(b) Planning.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall require the 
Secretary of each military department and the head of each Defense 
Agency to plan for the provision of energy resilience and energy 
security for installations.
    ``(2) Planning under paragraph (1) shall--
        ``(A) promote the use of multiple and diverse sources of 
    energy, with an emphasis favoring energy resources originating on 
    the installation such as modular generation;
        ``(B) promote installing microgrids to ensure the energy 
    security and energy resilience of critical missions; and
        ``(C) favor the use of full-time, installed energy sources 
    rather than emergency generation.
    ``(c) Development of Information.--The planning required by 
subsection (b) shall identify each of the following for each 
installation:
        ``(1) The critical missions of the installation.
        ``(2) The energy requirements of those critical missions.
        ``(3) The duration that those energy requirements are likely to 
    be needed in the event of a disruption or emergency.
        ``(4) The current source of energy provided to those critical 
    missions.
        ``(5) The duration that the currently provided energy would 
    likely be available in the event of a disruption or emergency.
        ``(6) Any currently available sources of energy that would 
    provide uninterrupted energy to critical missions in the event of a 
    disruption or emergency.
        ``(7) Alternative sources of energy that could be developed to 
    provide uninterrupted energy to critical missions in the event of a 
    disruption or emergency.
    ``(d) Testing and Measuring.--(1)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall 
require the Secretary of each military department and head of each 
Defense Agency to conduct monitoring, measuring, and testing to provide 
the data necessary to comply with this section.
    ``(B) Any data provided under subparagraph (A) shall be made 
available to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Sustainment upon 
request.
    ``(2)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall require that black start 
exercises be conducted to assess the energy resilience and energy 
security of installations for periods established to evaluate the 
ability of the installation to perform critical missions without access 
to off-installation energy resources.
    ``(B) A black start exercise conducted under subparagraph (A) may 
exclude, if technically feasible, housing areas, commissaries, 
exchanges, and morale, welfare, and recreation facilities.
    ``(C) The Secretary of Defense shall--
        ``(i) provide uniform policy for the military departments and 
    the Defense Agencies with respect to conducting black start 
    exercises; and
        ``(ii) establish a schedule of black start exercises for the 
    military departments and the Defense Agencies, with each military 
    department and Defense Agency scheduled to conduct such an exercise 
    on a number of installations each year sufficient to allow that 
    military department or Defense Agency to meet the goals of this 
    section, but in any event not fewer than five installations each 
    year for each military department through fiscal year 2027.
    ``(D)(i) Except as provided in clause (ii), the Secretary of each 
military department shall, notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
conduct black start exercises in accordance with the schedule provided 
for in subparagraph (C)(ii), with any such exercise not to last longer 
than five days.
    ``(ii) The Secretary of a military department may conduct more 
black start exercises than those identified in the schedule provided 
for in subparagraph (C)(ii).
    ``(e) Contract Requirements.--For contracts for energy and utility 
services, the Secretary of Defense shall--
        ``(1) specify methods and processes to measure, manage, and 
    verify compliance with subsection (a); and
        ``(2) ensure that such contracts include requirements 
    appropriate to ensure energy resilience and energy security, 
    including requirements for metering to measure, manage, and verify 
    energy consumption, availability, and reliability consistent with 
    this section and the energy resilience metrics and standards under 
    section 2911(b) of this title.
    ``(f) Exception.--This section does not apply to fuels used in 
aircraft, vessels, or motor vehicles.
    ``(g) Report.--If by the end of fiscal year 2029, the Secretary 
determines that the Department will be unable to meet the requirements 
under subsection (a), not later than 90 days after the end of such 
fiscal year, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report 
detailing--
        ``(1) the projected shortfall;
        ``(2) reasons for the projected shortfall;
        ``(3) any statutory, technological, or monetary impediments to 
    achieving such requirements;
        ``(4) any impact to readiness or ability to meet the national 
    defense posture; and
        ``(5) any other relevant information as the Secretary considers 
    appropriate.
    ``(h) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `availability' means the availability of 
    required energy at a stated instant of time or over a stated period 
    of time for a specific purpose.
        ``(2) The term `black start exercise' means an exercise in 
    which delivery of energy provided from off an installation is 
    terminated before backup generation assets on the installation are 
    turned on. Such an exercise shall--
            ``(A) determine the ability of the backup systems to start 
        independently, transfer the load, and carry the load until 
        energy from off the installation is restored;
            ``(B) align organizations with critical missions to 
        coordinate in meeting critical mission requirements;
            ``(C) validate mission operation plans, such as continuity 
        of operations plans;
            ``(D) identify infrastructure interdependencies; and
            ``(E) verify backup electric power system performance.
        ``(3) The term `critical mission'--
            ``(A) means those aspects of the missions of an 
        installation, including mission essential operations, that are 
        critical to successful performance of the strategic national 
        defense mission;
            ``(B) may include operational headquarters facilities, 
        airfields and supporting infrastructure, harbor facilities 
        supporting naval vessels, munitions production and storage 
        facilities, missile fields, radars, satellite control 
        facilities, cyber operations facilities, space launch 
        facilities, operational communications facilities, and 
        biological defense facilities; and
            ``(C) does not include military housing (including 
        privatized military housing), morale, welfare, and recreation 
        facilities, exchanges, commissaries, or privately owned 
        facilities.
        ``(4) The term `energy' means electricity, natural gas, steam, 
    chilled water, and heated water.
        ``(5) The term `installation' has the meaning given the term 
    `military installation' in section 2801(c)(4) of this title.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
subchapter I of chapter 173 of such title is amended by inserting after 
the item relating to section 2919 the following new item:

``2920. Energy resilience and energy security measures on military 
          installations.''.
    SEC. 317. MODIFICATION TO AVAILABILITY OF ENERGY COST SAVINGS FOR 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    Section 2912(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``and, in the case of operational energy, from both training 
and operational missions,'' after ``under section 2913 of this 
title,''.
    SEC. 318. INCREASED TRANSPARENCY THROUGH REPORTING ON USAGE AND 
      SPILLS OF AQUEOUS FILM-FORMING FOAM AT MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 160 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2712. Reporting on usage and spills of aqueous film-forming foam
    ``(a) In General.--Not later than 48 hours after the Deputy 
Assistant Secretary of Defense for Environment receives notice of the 
usage or spill of aqueous film forming foam, either as concentrate or 
mixed foam, at any military installation, the Deputy Assistant 
Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives notice of a usage or spill of 
greater than 10 gallons of concentrate, or greater than 300 gallons of 
mixed foam. Each such notice shall include each of the following 
information:
        ``(1) The name of the installation where the usage or spill 
    occurred.
        ``(2) The date on which the usage or spill occurred.
        ``(3) The amount, type, and specified concentration of aqueous 
    film-forming foam that was used or spilled.
        ``(4) The cause of the usage or spill.
        ``(5) A summary narrative of the usage or spill.
    ``(b) Action Plan.--Not later than 60 days after submitting notice 
of a usage or spill under subsection (a), the Deputy Assistant 
Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives an action plan for addressing 
such usage or spill. The action plan shall include the following:
        ``(1) A description of what actions have been taken to arrest 
    and clean up a spill.
        ``(2) A description of any coordination with relevant local and 
    State environmental protection agencies.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``2712. Reporting on usage and spills of aqueous film-forming foam.''.
    SEC. 319. NATIVE AMERICAN LANDS ENVIRONMENTAL MITIGATION PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 160 of title 10, United States Code, as 
amended by section 318(a), is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:
``Sec. 2713. Native American lands environmental mitigation program
    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense may establish and 
carry out a program to mitigate the environmental effects of actions by 
the Department of Defense on Indian lands and on other locations where 
the Department, an Indian tribe, and the current land owner agree that 
such mitigation is appropriate.
    ``(b) Program Activities.--The activities that may be carried out 
under the program established under subsection (a) are the following:
        ``(1) Identification, investigation, and documentation of 
    suspected environmental effects attributable to past actions by the 
    Department of Defense.
        ``(2) Development of mitigation options for such environmental 
    effects, including development of cost-to-complete estimates and a 
    system for prioritizing mitigation actions.
        ``(3) Direct mitigation actions that the Secretary determines 
    are necessary and appropriate to mitigate the adverse environmental 
    effects of past actions by the Department.
        ``(4) Demolition and removal of unsafe buildings and structures 
    used by, under the jurisdiction of, or formerly used by or under 
    the jurisdiction of the Department.
        ``(5) Training, technical assistance, and administrative 
    support to facilitate the meaningful participation of Indian tribes 
    in mitigation actions under the program.
        ``(6) Development and execution of a policy governing 
    consultation with Indian tribes that have been or may be affected 
    by action by the Department, including training personnel of the 
    Department to ensure compliance with the policy.
    ``(c) Cooperative Agreements.--(1) In carrying out the program 
established under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense may enter 
into a cooperative agreement with an Indian tribe or an instrumentality 
of tribal government.
    ``(2) Notwithstanding chapter 63 of title 31, a cooperative 
agreement under this section may be used to acquire property or 
services for the direct benefit of the United States Government.
    ``(3) A cooperative agreement under this section for the 
procurement of severable services may begin in one fiscal year and end 
in another fiscal year only if the total period of performance does not 
exceed two calendar years.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `Indian land' includes--
            ``(A) any land located within the boundaries and a part of 
        an Indian reservation, pueblo, or rancheria;
            ``(B) any land that has been allotted to an individual 
        Indian but has not been conveyed to such Indian with full power 
        of alienation;
            ``(C) Alaska Native village and regional corporation lands; 
        and
            ``(D) lands and waters upon which any federally recognized 
        Indian tribe has rights reserved by treaty, Act of Congress, or 
        action by the President.
        ``(2) The term `Indian tribe' means any Indian tribe, band, 
    nation, or other organized group or community, including any Alaska 
    Native village or regional or village corporation as defined in or 
    established pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 
    U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), which is recognized as eligible for the 
    special programs and services provided by the United States to 
    Indians because of their status as Indians.
    ``(e) Limitation.--Nothing in this section shall be interpreted to 
require, compel, or otherwise authorize access to any lands without the 
landowner's consent.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 160 of such title, as amended by section 318(b), is further 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2712 the 
following new item:

``2713. Native American lands environmental mitigation program.''.
    SEC. 320. STUDY ON ALTERNATIVES TO ADDRESS IMPACTS OF TRANSBOUNDARY 
      FLOWS, SPILLS, OR DISCHARGES OF POLLUTION OR DEBRIS FROM THE 
      TIJUANA RIVER ON PERSONNEL, ACTIVITIES, AND INSTALLATIONS OF 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Study.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the 
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, the Secretary of 
State, and the United States Commissioner of the International Boundary 
and Water Commission, shall develop criteria for the selection of 
project alternatives to address the impacts of transboundary flows, 
spills, or discharges of pollution or debris from the Tijuana River on 
the personnel, activities, and installations of the Department of 
Defense.
    (b) Elements.--The projects referred to in subsection (b) shall 
address the short-term, long-term, primary, and secondary impacts of 
transboundary flows, spills, or discharges of pollution or debris from 
the Tijuana River and include recommendations to mitigate such impacts.
    SEC. 321. PILOT PROGRAM ON ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLE PURCHASING.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the 
Secretary of Energy and the Administrator of the General Services 
Administration, shall carry out a pilot program under which the 
Secretary of Defense may, notwithstanding section 400AA of the Energy 
Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6374), purchase new alternative 
fuel vehicles for which the initial cost of such vehicles exceeds the 
initial cost of a comparable gasoline or diesel fueled vehicle by not 
more than 10 percent.
    (b) Locations.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out the 
    pilot program under subsection (a) at not fewer than 2 facilities 
    or installations of each military department in the continental 
    United States that--
            (A) have the largest total number of attached noncombat 
        vehicles as compared to other facilities or installations of 
        the Department of Defense; and
            (B) are located within 20 miles of public or private 
        refueling or recharging stations.
        (2) Air force logistics center.--One of the facilities or 
    installations selected under paragraph (1) shall be an Air Force 
    Logistics Center.
    (c) Alternative Fuel Vehicle Defined.--In this section, the term 
``alternative fuel vehicle'' includes a vehicle that uses--
        (1) a fuel or power source described in the first sentence of 
    section 241(2)of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7581(2)); or
        (2) propane.
    SEC. 322. BUDGETING OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE RELATING TO 
      OPERATIONAL ENERGY IMPROVEMENT.
    The Secretary of Defense shall include in the annual budget 
submission of the President under section 1105(a) of title 31, United 
States Code, a dedicated budget line item for fielding operational 
energy improvements, including such improvements for which funds from 
the Operational Energy Capability Improvement Fund have been expended 
to create the operational and business case for broader employment.
    SEC. 323. ASSESSMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OPERATIONAL ENERGY 
      USAGE.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall enter into an 
agreement with a federally funded research and development center with 
relevant expertise under which such center shall conduct an assessment 
of Department of Defense operational energy usage, including an agency-
wide view and breakdowns of progress by service branch.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
        (1) an analysis of the extent to which the Department of 
    Defense developed an integrated operational energy strategy and the 
    extent to which each of the military departments has implemented 
    such strategy;
        (2) an analysis of the viability of implementing net zero 
    initiatives within the operational energy enterprise without 
    negatively impacting mission capability;
        (3) an analysis of ways to overcome contested logistics 
    challenges such as the tyranny of distance within the United States 
    Indo-Pacific Command, including--
            (A) strategies to improve the energy production, storage, 
        and distribution system that enhance logistics supply chain 
        resiliency; and
            (B) ways to reduce the demand for resupply to decrease the 
        strain on the logistics supply chain; and
        (4) an analysis of the integration between energy offices with 
    program offices, budget, and operational planners within the 
    Department of Defense and military departments, and recommendations 
    for improving coordination.
    (c) Form of Report.--The report required under this section shall 
be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.
    SEC. 324. IMPROVEMENT OF THE OPERATIONAL ENERGY CAPABILITY 
      IMPROVEMENT FUND OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Management of the Operational Energy Capability Improvement 
Fund.--The Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy, Installations, 
and Environment shall exercise authority, direction, and control over 
the Operational Energy Capability Improvement Fund of the Department of 
Defense (in this section referred to as the ``OECIF'').
    (b) Alignment and Coordination With Related Programs.--
        (1) Realignment of oecif.--Not later than 60 days after the 
    date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
    realign the OECIF under the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
    Energy, Installations, and Environment, with such realignment to 
    include personnel positions adequate for the mission of the OECIF.
        (2) Better coordination with related programs.--The Assistant 
    Secretary shall ensure that the placement under the authority of 
    the Assistant Secretary of the OECIF along with the Strategic 
    Environmental Research Program, the Environmental Security 
    Technology Certification Program, and the Operational Energy 
    Prototyping Program is utilized to advance common goals of the 
    Department, promote organizational synergies, and avoid unnecessary 
    duplication of effort.
    (c) Program for Operational Energy Prototyping.--
        (1) In general.--Commencing not later than 90 days after the 
    date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, 
    through the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy, 
    Installations, and Environment, shall carry out a program for the 
    demonstration of technologies related to operational energy 
    prototyping, including demonstration of operational energy 
    technology and validation prototyping.
        (2) Operation of program.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
    program under paragraph (1) operates in conjunction with the OECIF 
    to promote the transfer of innovative technologies that have 
    successfully established proof of concept for use in production or 
    in the field.
        (3) Program elements.--In carrying out the program under 
    paragraph (1) the Secretary shall--
            (A) identify and demonstrate the most promising, 
        innovative, and cost-effective technologies and methods that 
        address high-priority operational energy requirements of the 
        Department of Defense;
            (B) in conducting demonstrations under subparagraph (A)--
                (i) collect cost and performance data to overcome 
            barriers against employing an innovative technology because 
            of concerns regarding technical or programmatic risk; and
                (ii) ensure that components of the Department have time 
            to establish new requirements where necessary and plan, 
            program, and budget for technology transition to programs 
            of record;
            (C) utilize project structures similar to those of the 
        OECIF to ensure transparency and accountability throughout the 
        efforts conducted under the program; and
            (D) give priority, in conjunction with the OECIF, to the 
        development and fielding of clean technologies that reduce 
        reliance on fossil fuels.
        (4) Tool for accountability and transition.--
            (A) In general.--In carrying out the program under 
        paragraph (1) the Secretary shall develop and utilize a tool to 
        track relevant investments in operational energy from applied 
        research to transition to use to ensure user organizations have 
        the full picture of technology maturation and development.
            (B) Transition.--The tool developed and utilized under 
        subparagraph (A) shall be designed to overcome transition 
        challenges with rigorous and well-documented demonstrations 
        that provide the information needed by all stakeholders for 
        acceptance of the technology.
        (5) Locations.--
            (A) In general.--The Secretary shall carry out the testing 
        and evaluation phase of the program under paragraph (1) at 
        installations of the Department of Defense or in conjunction 
        with exercises conducted by the Joint Staff, a combatant 
        command, or a military department.
            (B) Formal demonstrations.--The Secretary shall carry out 
        any formal demonstrations under the program under paragraph (1) 
        at installations of the Department or in operational settings 
        to document and validate improved warfighting performance and 
        cost savings.
    SEC. 325. FIVE-YEAR REVIEWS OF CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGIES RELATING TO 
      RED HILL BULK FUEL STORAGE FACILITY.
    (a) Reviews.--
        (1) Reviews required.--At least once every 5 years, 
    concurrently with the Department of the Navy's Tank Upgrade 
    Alternative (TUA) decision review, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
    conduct a review of available technologies relating to the 
    containment of fuel to determine whether any such technology may be 
    used to improve the containment of fuel with respect to storage 
    tanks located at the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility, Hawaii.
        (2) Deadline for initial review.--The Secretary shall conduct 
    the first review under paragraph (1) concurrent with the first TUA 
    decision review conducted after the date of the enactment of this 
    Act.
    (b) Briefings.--Not later than 60 days after the date on which a 
review conducted under subsection (a) is completed, the Secretary shall 
provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing on--
        (1) any technology identified in such review that the Secretary 
    determines may be used to improve the containment of fuel with 
    respect to storage tanks located at the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage 
    Facility; and
        (2) the feasibility and cost of implementing any such 
    technology at the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
    (c) Termination.--The requirements to conduct reviews under 
subsection (a) and provide briefings under subsection (b) shall 
terminate on the date on which the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility 
ceases operation, as determined by the Secretary of the Navy.
    SEC. 326. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR ACQUISITION OF FURNISHED 
      ENERGY FOR RHINE ORDNANCE BARRACKS ARMY MEDICAL CENTER.
    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2021 for the Department of 
Defense may be used to enter into a contract for the acquisition of 
furnished energy for the new Rhine Ordnance Barracks Army Medical 
Center (hereafter referred to as the ``Medical Center'') before the 
date on which Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional defense 
committees a written certification that the Medical Center does not use 
any energy sourced from inside the Russian Federation as a means of 
generating the furnished energy.
    SEC. 327. REQUIREMENT TO UPDATE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ADAPTATION 
      ROADMAP.
    (a) In General.--Not later than February 1, 2022, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives an update to the Department of Defense 
2014 Adaptation Roadmap. Such update shall include an outline of the 
strategy and implementation plan of the Department to address the 
current and foreseeable effects of extreme weather and sea level 
fluctuations on the mission of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements of Strategy and Implementation Plan.--The strategy and 
implementation plan required to be included in the update under 
subsection (a) shall include--
        (1) a description of the overarching approach of the Department 
    to extreme weather, sea level fluctuations, and associated 
    mitigation measures; and
        (2) a discussion of the current and foreseeable effects of 
    extreme weather and seal level fluctuations on--
            (A) plans and operations, including--
                (i) military readiness;
                (ii) increased frequency, if any, of extreme weather 
            events, including flooding, drought, desertification, 
            wildfires, thawing permafrost, hurricanes, and extreme 
            heat;
                (iii) geopolitical instability, if any, caused by 
            climate events, including extreme weather;
                (iv) increased demand, if any for Defense Support for 
            Civil Authorities and disaster or humanitarian relief 
            operations;
                (v) the operating environment of the Arctic and of the 
            strategic and geopolitical implications of an ice-free 
            Arctic Ocean; and
                (vi) alteration or limitation on operation 
            environments;
            (B) training and testing, including--
                (i) changes in land carrying capacity;
                (ii) increased maintenance and repair requirements for 
            equipment and infrastructure;
                (iii) mitigation of heat stress and heat-related 
            illnesses resulting from increasing temperatures;
                (iv) increased dust generation and fire hazards; and
                (v) maintaining testing and training capacity to 
            support increased operations and civil support missions;
            (C) built and natural infrastructure, including--
                (i) military installation resilience, as such term is 
            defined in section 101(e)(8) of title 10, United States 
            Code, of installations both within and outside the United 
            States and its possessions and territories and of the 
            State-owned National Guard installations of the several 
            States;
                (ii) resilience of the air and sea ports of our allies 
            and partners that are critical to the training, deployment, 
            and operations of the Armed Forces of the United States and 
            its allies and partners;
                (iii) resilience of the deployment system and structure 
            of the Department of Defense and of the United States, 
            including the strategic highway network, the strategic rail 
            network, and designated strategic air and sea ports;
                (iv) best practices for modeling and mitigating risks 
            posed to military installations by increased inundation, 
            erosion, flood, wind, and fire damage;
                (v) changing energy demand at military installations to 
            include heating and cooling, particularly in communities 
            experiencing grid stress;
                (vi) disruption and competition for reliable energy and 
            water resources;
                (vii) increased maintenance and sustainment costs;
                (viii) damage to natural and constructed infrastructure 
            from thawing permafrost and sea ice; and
                (ix) the effects of extreme weather and sea level 
            fluctuations on community support infrastructure, including 
            roads, transportation hubs, and medical facilities;
            (D) acquisition and supply chain, including--
                (i) measures to ensure that the current and projected 
            future scale and impacts of extreme weather and sea level 
            fluctuations are fully considered in the research, 
            development, testing, and acquisition of major weapon 
            systems and of associated supplies and equipment;
                (ii) required alterations of stockpiles;
                (iii) reduced or changed availability and access to 
            materials, equipment, and supplies, including water and 
            food sources;
                (iv) disruptions in fuel availability and distribution;
                (v) estimated investments required to address 
            foreseeable costs incurred or influenced by extreme weather 
            and sea level fluctuations for each of the lines of effort 
            in this report, to include extreme weather response, over 
            the next 5, 10, and 20 years, with topline estimates and a 
            qualitative discussion of cost drivers for each; and
                (vi) equipment and infrastructure investments required 
            to address a changing Arctic environment; and
            (E) such other matters as the Secretary determines 
        appropriate; and
    (c) Assessments and Projections.--In preparing the update as 
required under subsection (a), the Secretary shall consider--
        (1) climate projections from the Global Change Research Office, 
    National Climate Assessment, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
    Administration, and other Federal agencies; and
        (2) data on, and analysis of, the national security effects of 
    climate prepared by the Climate Security Advisory Council of the 
    Office of the Director of National Intelligence established 
    pursuant to section 120 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 
    U.S.C. 3060) and by other elements of the intelligence community.
    (d) Form.--The update to the adaptation roadmap required under 
subsection (a) shall be submitted in an unclassified form, but may 
contain a classified annex. If the Secretary determines that the 
inclusion of a classified annex is necessary, the Secretary shall 
conduct an in-person briefing for Members of the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives by not later than 
90 days after the date of the submission of the update.
    SEC. 328. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REPORT ON GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS 
      LEVELS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
and to the Comptroller General a report on the total level of 
greenhouse gas emissions for each of the last 10 fiscal years. Such 
emissions levels shall include the agency-wide total, breakdowns by 
military department, and delineations between installation and 
operational emissions.
    (b) Form of Report.--The report required under this section shall 
be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.
    SEC. 329. OBJECTIVES, PERFORMANCE STANDARDS, AND CRITERIA FOR USE 
      OF WILDLIFE CONSERVATION BANKING PROGRAMS.
    (a) In General.--To ensure opportunities for Department of Defense 
participation in wildlife conservation banking programs pursuant to 
section 2694c of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the 
Interior, acting through the Director of the United States Fish and 
Wildlife Service, shall issue regulations of general applicability 
establishing objectives, measurable performance standards, and criteria 
for use, consistent with the Endangered Species Act (16 U.S.C. 1531 et 
seq.), for mitigation banking offsetting effects on a species, or 
habitat of such species, that is endangered, threatened, a candidate 
for listing, or otherwise at risk under such Act. To the maximum extent 
practicable, the regulatory standards and criteria shall maximize 
available credits and opportunities for mitigation, provide flexibility 
for characteristics of various species, and apply equivalent standards 
and criteria to all mitigation banks.
    (b) Deadline for Regulations.--The Secretary of the Interior, 
acting through the Director of the United States Fish and Wildlife 
Service, shall publish an advance notice of proposed rulemaking for the 
regulations required by subsection (a) by not later than 1 year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 330. PRIZES FOR DEVELOPMENT OF NON-PFAS-CONTAINING FIRE-
      FIGHTING AGENT.
    (a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Assistant Secretary of Defense for Sustainment and the Strategic 
Environmental Research and Development Program, may carry out a program 
to award cash prizes and other types of prizes that the Secretary 
determines are appropriate to recognize outstanding achievements in the 
development of a non-PFAS-containing fire-fighting agent to replace 
aqueous film-forming foam with the potential for application to the 
performance of the military missions of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Competition Requirements.--A program under subsection (a) shall 
use a competitive process for the selection of recipients of cash 
prizes. The process shall include the widely-advertised solicitation of 
submissions of research results, technology developments, and 
prototypes.
    (c) Limitations.--The following limitations shall apply to a 
program under subsection (a):
        (1) No prize competition may result in the award of a prize 
    with a fair market value of more than $5,000,000.
        (2) No prize competition may result in the award of more than 
    $1,000,000 in cash prizes without the approval of the Assistant 
    Secretary of Defense for Sustainment.
        (3) No prize competition may result in the award of a solely 
    nonmonetary prize with a fair market value of more than $10,000 
    without the approval of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
    Sustainment.
    (d) Relationship to Other Authority.--A program under subsection 
(a) may be carried out in conjunction with or in addition to the 
exercise of any other authority of the Department of Defense.
    (e) Use of Prize Authority.--Use of prize authority under this 
section shall be considered the use of competitive procedures for the 
purposes of section 2304 of title 10, United States Code.
    (f) PFAS Defined.--In this section, the term ``PFAS'' means--
        (1) man-made chemicals of which all of the carbon atoms are 
    fully fluorinated carbon atoms; and
        (2) man-made chemicals containing a mix of fully fluorinated 
    carbon atoms, partially fluorinated carbon atoms, and 
    nonfluorinated carbon atoms.
    (g) Termination.--The authority to carry out a program under this 
section shall terminate on October 1, 2024.
    SEC. 331. SURVEY OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
      APPLICATION IN PHASING OUT THE USE OF FLUORINATED AQUEOUS FILM-
      FORMING FOAM.
    (a) Survey of Technologies.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct 
a survey of relevant technologies, other than fire-fighting agent 
solutions, to determine whether any such technologies are available and 
can be adapted for use by the Department of Defense to facilitate the 
phase-out of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam. The technologies 
surveyed under this subsection shall include hangar flooring systems, 
fire-fighting agent delivery systems, containment systems, and other 
relevant technologies the Secretary determines appropriate.
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall provide the congressional defense 
committees a briefing on the results of the survey conducted under 
subsection (a). The briefing shall include--
        (1) a description of the technologies included in the survey;
        (2) a list of the technologies that were considered for further 
    testing or analysis; and
        (3) any technologies that are undergoing additional analysis 
    for possible application within the Department.
    SEC. 332. INTERAGENCY BODY ON RESEARCH RELATED TO PER- AND 
      POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.
    (a) Establishment.--The Director of the Office of Science and 
Technology Policy, acting through the National Science and Technology 
Council, shall establish, or designate, an interagency working group to 
coordinate Federal activities related to PFAS research and development.
    (b) Agency Participation.--The interagency working group shall 
include a representative of each of--
        (1) the Environmental Protection Agency;
        (2) the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences;
        (3) the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry;
        (4) the National Science Foundation;
        (5) the Department of Defense;
        (6) the National Institutes of Health;
        (7) the National Institute of Standards and Technology;
        (8) the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration;
        (9) the Department of the Interior;
        (10) the Department of Transportation;
        (11) the Department of Homeland Security;
        (12) the National Aeronautics and Space Administration;
        (13) the National Toxicology Program;
        (14) the Department of Agriculture;
        (15) the Geological Survey;
        (16) the Department of Commerce;
        (17) the Department of Energy;
        (18) the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs;
        (19) the Office of Management and Budget; and
        (20) any such other Federal department or agency as the 
    Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy considers 
    appropriate.
    (c) Co-chairs.--The Interagency working group shall be co-chaired 
by the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy and, on 
a biannual rotating basis, a representative from a member agency, as 
selected by the Director of the Office of Science and Technology 
Policy.
    (d) Responsibilities of the Working Group.--The interagency working 
group established under subsection (a) shall--
        (1) provide for interagency coordination of federally funded 
    PFAS research and development; and
        (2) not later than 12 months after the date of enactment of 
    this Act, develop and make publicly available a strategic plan for 
    Federal support for PFAS research and development (to be updated 
    not less frequently than once every three years) that--
            (A) identifies all current federally funded PFAS research 
        and development, including the nature and scope of such 
        research and development and the amount of funding associated 
        with such research and development during the current fiscal 
        year, disaggregated by agency;
            (B) identifies all federally funded PFAS research and 
        development having taken place in the last three years, 
        excluding the research listed under subparagraph (A), including 
        the nature and scope of such research and development and the 
        amount of funding associated with such research and development 
        during the current fiscal year, disaggregated by agency;
            (C) identifies scientific and technological challenges that 
        must be addressed to understand and to significantly reduce the 
        environmental and human health impacts of PFAS and to identify 
        cost-effective--
                (i) alternatives to PFAS that are designed to be safer 
            and more environmentally friendly;
                (ii) methods for removal of PFAS from the environment; 
            and
                (iii) methods to safely destroy or degrade PFAS;
            (D) establishes goals, priorities, and metrics for 
        federally funded PFAS research and development that takes into 
        account the current state of research and development 
        identified in subparagraph (A) and the challenges identified in 
        subparagraph (C); and
            (E) an implementation plan for Federal agencies and, for 
        each update to the strategic plan under this paragraph, a 
        description of how Federal agencies have been following the 
        implementation plan.
    (e) Consultation.--In developing the strategic plan under 
subsection (d)(2), the interagency working group shall consult with 
States, tribes, territories, local governments, appropriate industries, 
academic institutions and nongovernmental organizations with expertise 
in PFAS research and development, treatment, management, and 
alternative development.
    (f) Sunset.--The strategic plan requirement described under section 
(d)(2) shall cease on the date that is 20 years after the initial 
strategic plan is developed.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) PFAS.--The term ``PFAS'' means--
            (A) man-made chemicals of which all of the carbon atoms are 
        fully fluorinated carbon atoms; and
            (B) man-made chemicals containing a mix of fully 
        fluorinated carbon atoms, partially fluorinated carbon atoms, 
        and nonfluorinated carbon atoms.
        (2) PFAS research and development defined.--The term ``PFAS 
    research and development'' includes any research or project that 
    has the goal of accomplishing the following:
            (A) The removal of PFAS from the environment.
            (B) The safe destruction or degradation of PFAS.
            (C) The development and deployment of safer and more 
        environmentally friendly alternative substances that are 
        functionally similar to those made with PFAS.
            (D) The understanding of sources of environmental PFAS 
        contamination and pathways to exposure for the public.
            (E) The understanding of the toxicity of PFAS to humans and 
        animals.
    SEC. 333. RESTRICTION ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PROCUREMENT OF 
      CERTAIN ITEMS CONTAINING PERFLUOROOCTANE SULFONATE OR 
      PERFLUOROOCTANOIC ACID.
    (a) Prohibition.--The Department of Defense may not procure any 
covered item that contains perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) or 
perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA).
    (b) Definitions.--In this section, the term ``covered item'' 
means--
        (1) nonstick cookware or cooking utensils for use in galleys or 
    dining facilities; and
        (2) upholstered furniture, carpets, and rugs that have been 
    treated with stain-resistant coatings.
    (c) Effective Date.--This section shall take effect on April 1, 
2023.
    SEC. 334. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF ALTERNATIVE TO AQUEOUS FILM-
      FORMING FOAM.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
National Institute of Standards and Technology and in consultation with 
appropriate stakeholders and manufactures, research institutions, and 
other Federal agencies shall award grants and carry out other 
activities to--
        (1) promote and advance the research and development of 
    additional alternatives to aqueous film-forming foam (in this 
    section referred to as ``AFFF'') containing per- and 
    polyfluoroalkyl substances (in this section referred to as 
    ``PFAS'') to facilitate the development of a military specification 
    and subsequent fielding of a PFAS-free fire-fighting foam;
        (2) advance the use of green and sustainable chemistry for a 
    fluorine-free alternative to AFFF;
        (3) increase opportunities for sharing best practices within 
    the research and development sector with respect to AFFF;
        (4) assist in the testing of potential alternatives to AFFF; 
    and
        (5) provide guidelines on priorities with respect to an 
    alternative to AFFF.
    (b) Additional Requirements.--In carrying out the program required 
under subsection (a), the Secretary shall--
        (1) take into consideration the different uses of AFFF and the 
    priorities of the Department of Defense in finding an alternative;
        (2) prioritize green and sustainable chemicals that do not pose 
    a threat to public health or the environment; and
        (3) use and leverage research from existing Department of 
    Defense programs.
    (c) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on--
        (1) the priorities and actions taken with respect to finding an 
    alternative to AFFF and the implementation of such priorities; and
        (2) any alternatives the Secretary has denied, and the reason 
    for any such denial.
    (d) Use of Funds.--This section shall be carried out using amounts 
authorized to be available for the Strategic Environmental Research and 
Development Program.
    SEC. 335. NOTIFICATION TO AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS LOCATED IN AREAS 
      EXPOSED TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PFAS USE.
    (a) Notification Required.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
with the Secretary of Agriculture, shall provide a notification 
described in subsection (b) to any agricultural operation located 
within one mile down gradient of a military installation or National 
Guard facility where covered PFAS--
        (1) has been detected in groundwater;
        (2) has been hydrologically linked to a local agricultural or 
    drinking water source, including a water well; and
        (3) is suspected to be, or known to be, the result of the use 
    of PFAS at an installation of the Department of Defense located in 
    the United States or State-owned facility of the National Guard.
    (b) Notification Requirements.--The notification required under 
subsection (a) shall include the following information:
        (1) The name of the Department of Defense installation or 
    National Guard facility from which the covered PFAS in groundwater 
    originated.
        (2) The specific covered PFAS detected in groundwater.
        (3) The levels of the covered PFAS detected.
        (4) Relevant governmental information regarding the health and 
    safety of the covered PFAS detected, including relevant Federal or 
    State standards for PFAS in groundwater, livestock, food 
    commodities and drinking water, and any known restrictions for sale 
    of agricultural products that have been irrigated or watered with 
    water containing PFAS.
    (c) Additional Testing Results.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
provide to an agricultural operation that receives a notice under 
subsection (a) any pertinent updated information, including any results 
of new elevated testing, by not later than 15 days after receiving 
validated test results.
    (d) Report to Congress.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
Forestry of the Senate and the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
Representatives a report on the status of providing notice under 
subsection (a). Such report shall include, for the period covered by 
the report--
        (1) the approximate locations of such operations relative to 
    installations of the Department of Defense located in the United 
    States and State-owned facilities of the National Guard;
        (2) the covered PFAS detected in groundwater; and
        (3) the levels of covered PFAS detected.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``covered PFAS'' means each of the following:
            (A) Perfluorooctanoic acid (commonly referred to as 
        ``PFOA'') (Chemical Abstracts Service No. 335-67-1) detected in 
        groundwater above 70 parts per trillion, individually or in 
        combination with PFOS.
            (B) Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (commonly referred to as 
        ``PFOS'') (Chemical Abstracts Service No. 1763-23-1) detected 
        in groundwater above 70 parts per trillion, individually or in 
        combination with PFOA.
            (C) Perfluorobutanesulfonic acid (commonly referred to as 
        ``PFBS'') (Chemical Abstracts Service No. 375-73-5) detected in 
        groundwater above 40 parts per billion.
        (2) The term ``PFAS'' means a perfluoroalkyl or polyfluoroalkyl 
    substance with at least one fully fluorinated carbon atom, 
    including the chemical GenX.
    SEC. 336. REPORTING ON ENERGY SAVINGS PERFORMANCE CONTRACTS.
    (a) In General.--Section 2925(a) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (7) as paragraph (8); and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(7) A description of the use of energy savings performance 
    contracts (in this paragraph referred to as `ESPCs') by the 
    Department of Defense, including--
            ``(A) the total investment value of the total number of 
        ESPCs per service for the previous five fiscal years;
            ``(B) the location of facilities with ESPCs for the 
        previous five fiscal years;
            ``(C) any limitations on expanding ESPCs throughout the 
        Department of Defense;
            ``(D) the effect ESPCs have on military readiness; and
            ``(E) any additional information the Secretary determines 
        relevant.''.
    (b) Applicability.--The reporting requirement under paragraph (7) 
of section 2925(a) of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
subsection (a) of this section, applies to reports submitted under such 
section 2925 for fiscal year 2021 and thereafter.
    SEC. 337. INCREASE IN FUNDING FOR CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL STUDY 
      ON HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF PER- AND POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES 
      CONTAMINATION IN DRINKING WATER.
    Section 316(a)(2)(B)(ii) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1350) is amended by 
striking ``$10,000,000'' and inserting ``$15,000,000''.
    SEC. 338. GUARANTEEING EQUIPMENT SAFETY FOR FIREFIGHTERS ACT OF 
      2020.
    (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Guaranteeing 
Equipment Safety for Firefighters Act of 2020''.
    (b) National Institute of Standards and Technology Study on Per- 
and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances in Personal Protective Equipment Worn by 
Firefighters.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 3 years after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Director of the National Institute of 
    Standards and Technology shall, subject to availability of 
    appropriations, in consultation with the Director of the National 
    Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, complete a study of 
    the contents and composition of new and unused personal protective 
    equipment worn by firefighters.
        (2) Contents of study.--In carrying out the study required by 
    paragraph (1), the Director of the National Institute of Standards 
    and Technology shall examine--
            (A) the identity, prevalence, and concentration of per- and 
        polyfluoroalkyl substances (commonly known as ``PFAS'') in the 
        personal protective equipment worn by firefighters;
            (B) the conditions and extent to which per- and 
        polyfluoroalkyl substances are released into the environment 
        over time from the degradation of personal protective equipment 
        from normal use by firefighters; and
            (C) the relative risk of exposure to per- and 
        polyfluoroalkyl substances faced by firefighters from--
                (i) their use of personal protective equipment; and
                (ii) degradation of personal protective equipment from 
            normal use by firefighters.
        (3) Reports.--
            (A) Progress reports.--Not less frequently than once each 
        year for the duration of the study conducted under paragraph 
        (1), the Director shall submit to Congress a report on the 
        progress of the Director in conducting such study.
            (B) Final report.--Not later than 90 days after the date on 
        which the Director completes the study required by paragraph 
        (1), the Director shall submit to Congress a report 
        describing--
                (i) the findings of the Director with respect to the 
            study; and
                (ii) recommendations on what additional research or 
            technical improvements to personal protective equipment 
            materials or components should be pursued to avoid 
            unnecessary occupational exposure among firefighters to 
            per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances through personal 
            protective equipment.
        (4) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
    appropriated $2,500,000 for each of fiscal years 2021 and 2022.
    (c) Research on Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances in Personal 
Protective Equipment Worn by Firefighters.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    submittal of the report required by subsection (b)(3)(B), the 
    Director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology 
    shall, subject to the availability of appropriations--
            (A) issue a solicitation for research proposals to carry 
        out the research recommendations identified in the report 
        submitted under subsection (b)(3)(B); and
            (B) award grants to applicants that submit research 
        proposals to develop safe alternatives to per- and 
        polyfluoroalkyl substances in personal protective equipment.
        (2) Criteria.--The Director shall select research proposals to 
    receive a grant under paragraph (1) on the basis of merit, using 
    criteria identified by the Director, including the likelihood that 
    the research results will address the findings of the Director with 
    respect to the study conducted under subsection (b)(1).
        (3) Eligible entities.--Any entity or group of 2 or more 
    entities may submit to the Director a research proposal in response 
    to the solicitation for research proposals under paragraph (1), 
    including--
            (A) State and local agencies;
            (B) public institutions, including public institutions of 
        higher education;
            (C) private corporations; and
            (D) nonprofit organizations.
        (4) Authorization of appropriations.--There are authorized to 
    be appropriated $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2023, $5,000,000 for 
    fiscal year 2024, and $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2025 to carry out 
    this section.
    (d) Authority for Director of the National Institute of Standards 
and Technology to Consult With Experts on Matters Relating to Per- and 
Polyfluoroalkyl Substances.--In carrying out this section, the Director 
of the National Institute of Standards and Technology may consult with 
Federal agencies, nongovernmental organizations, State and local 
governments, and science and research institutions determined by the 
Director to have scientific or material interest in reducing 
unnecessary occupational exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
substances by firefighters.
    SEC. 339. ASSESSMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EXCESS PROPERTY 
      PROGRAMS WITH RESPECT TO NEED AND WILDFIRE RISK.
    (a) Assessment of Programs.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
    Director of the Defense Logistics Agency, jointly with the 
    Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the Chief of the Forest 
    Service, shall assess the Firefighter Property Program (FFP) and 
    the Federal Excess Personal Property Program (FEPP) implementation 
    and best practices, taking into account community need and risk, 
    including whether a community is an at-risk community (as defined 
    in section 101(1) of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 
    (16 U.S.C. 6511(1)).
        (2) Collaboration.--In carrying out the assessment required 
    under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
    Director of the Defense Logistics Agency, and the Secretary of 
    Agriculture, acting through the Chief of the Forest Service, shall 
    consult with State foresters and participants in the programs 
    described in such paragraph.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Director of the Defense Logistics Agency, jointly with the Secretary of 
Agriculture, acting through the Chief of the Forest Service, shall 
submit to the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Armed 
Services and the Committee on Agriculture, Forestry, and Nutrition of 
the Senate a report on the assessment required under paragraph (1) of 
subsection (a) and any findings and recommendations with respect to the 
programs described in such paragraph.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

    SEC. 341. NATIONAL DEFENSE SUSTAINMENT AND LOGISTICS REVIEW.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 2 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 118 the following new section:
``Sec. 118a. National Defense Sustainment and Logistics Review
    ``(a) Review Required.--Upon submission of each national defense 
strategy under section 113(g) of this title, the Secretary of Defense 
shall conduct a comprehensive review of the sustainment and logistics 
requirements necessary to support the force structure, force 
modernization, infrastructure, force deployment capabilities, and other 
elements of the defense program and policies of the United States 
during the subsequent 5-, 10-, and 25-year periods. Each such review 
shall be known as the `National Defense Sustainment and Logistics 
Review'. Each such review shall be conducted in consultation with the 
Secretaries of the military departments, the Chiefs of Staff of the 
Armed Forces, all functional and geographic combatant commanders, and 
the Director of the Defense Logistics Agency.
    ``(b) Report to Congress.--(1) Not later than the first Monday in 
February of the year following the fiscal year during which the 
National Defense Strategy was submitted under section 113(g) of this 
title, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the review required by subsection (a). Each such 
report shall include each of the following:
        ``(A) An assessment of the strategic, operational, and tactical 
    maritime logistics force (including non-military assets provided by 
    Military Sealift Command, the Maritime Administration, and through 
    the Voluntary Intermodal Sealift Agreement and Voluntary Tanker 
    Agreement) required to support sealift, at sea logistics, and over-
    the-shore logistics of forces to meet steady state and contingency 
    requirements and the strategic and intra-theater movement of 
    supplies, personnel, and equipment.
        ``(B) An assessment of the strategic, operational, and tactical 
    airlift and tankers (including non-military assets provided by the 
    Civil Reserve Air Fleet) required to meet steady state and 
    contingency requirements.
        ``(C) An assessment of the location, configuration, material 
    condition, and inventory of prepositioned materiel, equipment, and 
    war reserves programs, as well as the ability to store and 
    distribute these items to deployed military forces, required to 
    meet steady state and contingency requirements.
        ``(D) An assessment of the location, infrastructure, and 
    storage capacity for petroleum, oil, and lubricant products, as 
    well as the ability to store, transport, and distribute such 
    products from storage supply points to deployed military forces, 
    required to meet steady state and contingency requirements.
        ``(E) An assessment of the capabilities, capacity, and 
    infrastructure of the Department of Defense organic industrial base 
    and private sector industrial base required to meet steady-state 
    and surge software and depot maintenance requirements.
        ``(F) An assessment of the production capability, capacity, and 
    infrastructure, of the Department of Defense organic industrial 
    base and private sector industrial base required to meet steady-
    state and surge production requirements for ammunition and other 
    military munitions.
        ``(G) An assessment of the condition, capacity, location, and 
    survivability under likely threats of military infrastructure 
    located both inside the continental United States and outside the 
    continental United States, including agreements with and 
    infrastructure provided by international partners, required to 
    generate, project, and sustain military forces to meet steady-state 
    and contingency requirements.
        ``(H) An assessment of the cybersecurity risks to military and 
    commercial logistics networks and information technology systems.
        ``(I) An assessment of the gaps between the requirements 
    identified under subparagraphs (A) through (H) compared to the 
    actual force structure and infrastructure capabilities, capacity, 
    and posture and the risks associated with each gap as it relates to 
    the ability to meet the national defense strategy.
        ``(J) A discussion of the identified mitigations being pursued 
    to address each gap and risk identified under subparagraph (I) as 
    well as the initiatives and resources planned to address such gaps, 
    as included in the Department of Defense budget request submitted 
    during the same year as the report and the applicable future-years 
    defense program.
        ``(K) An assessment of the extent to which wargames incorporate 
    logistics capabilities and threats and a description of the 
    logistics constraints and restraints to operations identified 
    through such wargames.
        ``(L) An assessment of the ability of the Department of 
    Defense, the Armed Forces, and the combatant commands to leverage 
    and integrate emergent logistics related technologies and advanced 
    computing systems.
        ``(M) Such other matters the Secretary of Defense considers 
    appropriate.
    ``(2) In preparing the report under paragraph (1), the Secretary of 
Defense shall consult with, and consider the recommendations of, the 
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
    ``(3) The report required under this subsection shall be submitted 
in classified form and shall include an unclassified summary.
    ``(c) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date on which Secretary submits each report required under 
subsection (b), the Comptroller General shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report that includes an assessment 
of each of the following:
        ``(1) Whether the report includes each of the elements referred 
    to in subsection (b).
        ``(2) The strengths and weaknesses of the approach and 
    methodology used in conducting the review required under subsection 
    (a) that is covered by the report.
        ``(3) Any other matters relating to sustainment that may arise 
    from the report, as the Comptroller General considers appropriate.
    ``(d) Relationship to Budget.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to affect section 1105(a) of title 31.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
118 the following new item:

``118a. National Defense Sustainment and Logistics Review.''.

    (c) Deadline for Submittal of First Report.--Notwithstanding the 
deadline in subsection (b)(1) of section 118a of title 10, United 
States Code, as added by subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit the first report under such section not later than the date that 
is 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, unless a new 
National Defense Strategy is released prior to such date.
    SEC. 342. REPEAL OF SUNSET FOR MINIMUM ANNUAL PURCHASE AMOUNT FOR 
      CARRIERS PARTICIPATING IN THE CIVIL RESERVE AIR FLEET.
    Section 9515 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking subsection (k).
    SEC. 343. ADDITIONAL ELEMENTS FOR INCLUSION IN NAVY SHIP DEPOT 
      MAINTENANCE BUDGET REPORT.
    Section 363(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraphs:
        ``(6) The execution of the planned schedule, categorized by 
    class of ship, for each of the three preceding fiscal years, 
    including--
            ``(A) the actual contract award compared to the milestone;
            ``(B) the planned completion date compared to the actual 
        completion date; and
            ``(C) each regional maintenance center's availability 
        schedule performance for on-time availability completion.
        ``(7) In accordance with the findings of the Government 
    Accountability Office (GAO 20-370)--
            ``(A) in 2021, an analysis plan for the evaluation of pilot 
        program availabilities funded by the Other Procurement, Navy 
        account; and
            ``(B) in 2022, a report on the Navy's progress implementing 
        such analysis plan.''.
    SEC. 344. CLARIFICATION OF LIMITATION ON LENGTH OF OVERSEAS FORWARD 
      DEPLOYMENT OF CURRENTLY DEPLOYED NAVAL VESSELS.
    Section 323(b) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1720; 10 U.S.C. 
8690 note) is amended by striking ``In the case of any naval vessel'' 
and inserting ``In the case of any aircraft carrier, amphibious ship, 
cruiser, destroyer, frigate, or littoral combat ship''.
    SEC. 345. INDEPENDENT ADVISORY PANEL ON WEAPON SYSTEM SUSTAINMENT.
    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish an 
independent advisory panel (in this section referred to as the 
``panel'') on the weapon system sustainment ecosystem. The National 
Defense University and the Defense Acquisition University shall sponsor 
the panel, including by providing administrative support.
    (b) Membership.--
        (1) Composition.--The panel shall be comprised of nine members, 
    of whom--
            (A) five shall be appointed by the Secretary of Defense;
            (B) one shall be appointed by the Chairman of the Committee 
        on Armed Services of the Senate;
            (C) one shall be appointed by the Ranking Member of the 
        Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
            (D) one shall be appointed by the Chairman of the Committee 
        on Armed Services of the House of Representatives; and
            (E) one shall be appointed by the Ranking Member of the 
        Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives.
        (2) Expertise.--In making appointments under this subsection, 
    consideration should be given to individuals with expertise in 
    public and private-sector acquisition, sustainment, and logistics 
    policy in aviation, ground, maritime systems, and space systems and 
    their related components.
        (3) Appointment date.--The appointment of the members of the 
    panel shall be made not later than 120 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act.
    (c) Duties.--The panel shall--
        (1) review the weapon system sustainment ecosystem from 
    development, production, and sustainment of the weapon system 
    through use in the field, depot and field-level maintenance, 
    modification, and disposal with a goal of--
            (A) maximizing the availability and mission capabilities of 
        weapon systems;
            (B) reducing overall life-cycle costs of weapon systems 
        during fielding, operation and sustainment; and
            (C) aligning weapon system sustainment functions to the 
        most recent national defense strategy submitted pursuant to 
        section 113 of title 10, United States Code; and
        (2) using information from the review of the weapon system 
    sustainment ecosystem, make recommendations related to statutory, 
    regulatory, policy, or operational best practices the panel 
    considers necessary.
    (d) Report.--
        (1) Interim report.--Not later than 1 year after the date on 
    which all members of the panel have been appointed, the panel shall 
    provide to the Secretary of Defense and the Committees on Armed 
    Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a briefing on 
    the interim findings and recommendations of the panel.
        (2) Final report.--Not later than 2 years after the date on 
    which all members of the panel have been appointed, the panel shall 
    submit to the Secretary of Defense and the Committees on Armed 
    Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report 
    setting forth a detailed statement of the findings and conclusions 
    of the panel as a result of the review described in subsection (c), 
    together with such recommendations related to statutory, 
    regulatory, policy, or operational practices as the panel considers 
    appropriate in light of the results of the review.
    (e) Administrative Matters.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide the 
    panel with timely access to appropriate information, data, 
    resources, analysis, and logistics support so that the panel may 
    conduct a thorough and independent assessment as required under 
    this section.
        (2) Effect of lack of appointment by appointment date.--If any 
    member has not been appointed by the date specified in subsection 
    (b)(3), the authority to appoint such member under subsection 
    (b)(1) shall expire, and the number of members of the panel shall 
    be reduced by the number equal to the number of appointments so not 
    made.
        (3) Period of appointment; vacancies.--Members of the panel 
    shall be appointed for the duration of the panel. Any vacancy in 
    the panel shall not affect its powers, but shall be filled in the 
    same manner as the original appointment.
        (4) Chair.--The panel shall select a Chair from among its 
    members. The Chair may not be a Federal officer or employee.
    (f) Termination.--The panel shall terminate 90 days after the date 
on which the panel submits the report required under subsection (d)(2).
    SEC. 346. BIANNUAL BRIEFINGS ON STATUS OF SHIPYARD INFRASTRUCTURE 
      OPTIMIZATION PLAN.
    (a) Briefings Required.--During the period beginning on July 1, 
2020, and ending on July 1, 2025, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
provide to the congressional defense committees biannual briefings on 
the status of the Shipyard Infrastructure Optimization Plan.
    (b) Elements of Briefings.--Each briefing under subsection (a) 
shall include a discussion of the status of each of the following 
elements:
        (1) A master plan for infrastructure development, including 
    projected military construction and capital equipment projects.
        (2) A planning and design update for military construction, 
    minor military construction, and facility sustainment projects over 
    the subsequent five-year period.
        (3) A human capital management and development plan.
        (4) A workload management plan that includes synchronization 
    requirements for each shipyard and ship class.
        (5) Performance metrics and an assessment plan.
        (6) A funding and authority plan that includes funding lines 
    across the future years defense program.
        (7) A listing of equipment from Federal Supply Classes 3411 
    (Boring Machines), 3416 (Lathes) and 3441 (Bending and Forming 
    Machines) that has been unserviceable for over 30 consecutive days, 
    including, for each such piece of equipment--
            (A) the reason for the delayed repair;
            (B) the availability of technical representatives from the 
        manufacturer to provide assistance in diagnosing and repairing 
        the discrepancy; and
            (C) the estimated time to repair.
    SEC. 347. MATERIEL READINESS METRICS AND OBJECTIVES FOR MAJOR 
      WEAPON SYSTEMS.
    (a) In General.--Section 118 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by amending the section heading to read as follows: 
    ``Materiel readiness metrics and objectives for major weapon 
    systems'';
        (2) by striking ``Not later than five days'' and inserting the 
    following:
    ``(d) Budget Justification.--Not later than five days'';
        (3) by inserting before subsection (d) (as designated by 
    paragraph (2)) the following new subsections:
    ``(a) Materiel Readiness Metrics.--Each head of an element of the 
Department specified in paragraphs (1) through (10) of section 111(b) 
of this title shall establish and maintain materiel readiness metrics 
to enable assessment of the readiness of members of the armed forces to 
carry out--
        ``(1) the strategic framework required by section 
    113(g)(1)(B)(vii) of this title; and
        ``(2) guidance issued by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to 
    section 113(g)(1)(B) of this title.
    ``(b) Required Metrics.--At a minimum, the materiel readiness 
metrics required by subsection (a) shall address the materiel 
availability, operational availability, operational capability, and 
materiel reliability of each major weapon system by designated mission, 
design series, variant, or class.
    ``(c) Materiel Readiness Objectives.--(1) Not later than one year 
after the date of the enactment of this subsection, each head of an 
element described in subsection (a) shall establish the metrics 
required by subsection (b) necessary to support the strategic framework 
and guidance referred to in paragraph (1) and (2) of subsection (a).
    ``(2) Annually, each head of an element described in subsection (a) 
shall review and revise the metrics required by subsection (b) and 
include any such revisions in the materials submitted to Congress in 
support of the budget of the President under section 1105 of title 
31.'';
        (4) in subsection (d) (as designated by paragraph (2))--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by striking ``materiel reliability, and mean down 
            time metrics for each major weapons system'' and inserting 
            ``operational availability, and materiel reliability for 
            each major weapon system''; and
                (ii) by inserting ``and'' at the end;
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
        period at the end; and
            (C) by striking paragraph (3); and
        (5) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `major weapon system' has the meaning given in 
    section 2379(f) of this title.
        ``(2) The term `materiel availability' means a measure of the 
    percentage of the total inventory of a major weapon system that is 
    operationally capable of performing an assigned mission.
        ``(3) The term `materiel reliability' means the probability 
    that a major weapon system will perform without failure over a 
    specified interval.
        ``(4) The term `operational availability' means a measure of 
    the percentage of time a major weapon system is operationally 
    capable.
        ``(5) The term `operationally capable' means a materiel 
    condition indicating that a major weapon system is capable of 
    performing its assigned mission and has no discrepancies with a 
    subsystem of a major weapon system.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 2 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 118 and inserting the following new item:

``118. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives for major defense 
          acquisition programs.''.
    SEC. 348. REPEAL OF STATUTORY REQUIREMENT FOR NOTIFICATION TO 
      DIRECTOR OF DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY THREE YEARS PRIOR TO 
      IMPLEMENTING CHANGES TO ANY UNIFORM OR UNIFORM COMPONENT.
    Section 356 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 771 note prec.) 
is amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (a);
        (2) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections (a) 
    and (b), respectively; and
        (3) in subsections (a) and (b), as so redesignated, by striking 
    ``Commander'' each place it appears and inserting ``Director''.

               Subtitle D--Munitions Safety and Oversight

    SEC. 351. CHAIR OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EXPLOSIVE SAFETY BOARD.
    (a) Responsibilities.--Section 172 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(c) Responsibilities of Chair.--The chair of the explosive safety 
board shall carry out the following responsibilities:
        ``(1) To act as the principal executive representative and 
    advisor of the Secretary on explosive and chemical agent safety 
    matters related to Department of Defense military munitions.
        ``(2) To perform the hazard classification approval duties 
    assigned to the chair.
        ``(3) To preside over meetings of the explosive safety board.
        ``(4) To direct the staff of the explosive safety board.
        ``(5) To performs other functions relating to explosives safety 
    management, as directed by the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
    Sustainment.
        ``(6) To provide impartial and objective advice related to 
    explosives safety management to the Secretary of Defense and the 
    heads of the military departments.
        ``(7) To serve as the principal representative and advisor of 
    the Department of Defense on matters relating to explosives safety 
    management.
        ``(8) To provide assistance and advice to the Under Secretary 
    of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the Deputy Director 
    of Land Warfare and Munitions in munitions acquisition oversight 
    and technology advancement for Department of Defense military 
    munitions, especially in the areas of explosives and chemical agent 
    safety and demilitarization.
        ``(9) To provide assistance and advice to the Assistant 
    Secretary of Defense for Logistics and Material Readiness in 
    sustainment oversight of Department of Defense military munitions, 
    especially in the areas of explosives and chemical agent safety, 
    storage, transportation, and demilitarization.
        ``(10) To develop and recommend issuances to define the 
    functions of the explosive safety board.
        ``(11) To establishes joint hazard classification procedures 
    with covered components of the Department.
        ``(12) To make recommendations to the Under Secretary of 
    Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment with respect to explosives 
    and chemical agent safety tenets and requirements.
        ``(13) To conducts oversight of Department of Defense explosive 
    safety management programs.
        ``(14) To carry out such other responsibilities as the 
    Secretary of Defense determines appropriate.
    ``(d) Responsibilities of Executive Director and Civilian 
Members.--The executive director and civilian members of the explosive 
safety board shall--
        ``(1) provide assistance to the chair in carrying out the 
    responsibilities specified in subsection (c); and
        ``(2) carry out such other responsibilities as the chair 
    determines appropriate.
    ``(e) Meetings.--(1) The explosive safety board shall meet not less 
frequently than quarterly.
    ``(2) The chair shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees an annual report describing the activities conducted at the 
meetings of the board.
    ``(f) Exclusive Responsibilities.--The explosive safety board shall 
have exclusive responsibility within the Department of Defense for--
        ``(1) recommending new and updated explosive and chemical agent 
    safety regulations and standards to the Assistant Secretary of 
    Defense for Energy Installations and Environment for submittal to 
    the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment; and
        ``(2) acting as the primary forum for coordination among 
    covered components of the Department on all matters related to 
    explosive safety management.
    ``(g) Covered Components.--In this section, the covered components 
of the Department are each of the following:
        ``(1) The Office of the Secretary of Defense.
        ``(2) The military departments.
        ``(3) The Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
    and the Joint Staff, the Combatant Commands.
        ``(4) The Office of the Inspector General of the Department.
        ``(5) The Defense Agencies.
        ``(6) The Department of Defense field activities.
        ``(7) All other organizational entities within the 
    Department.''.
    (b) Deadline for Appointment.--By not later than 90 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall take 
such steps as may be necessary to ensure that the explosive safety 
board of the Department of Defense, as authorized under section 172 of 
title 10, United States Code, has a chair who is a military officer and 
whose responsibilities include the day-to-day management of the 
explosive safety board and the responsibilities provided in subsection 
(c) of such section.
    (c) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
appropriated or otherwise made available in this Act for the Office of 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment for 
fiscal year 2021, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended 
until the date on which the Under Secretary of Defense certifies to the 
congressional defense committees that all board member positions, 
including the chair, of the Department of Defense explosive safety 
board, as authorized under section 172 of title 10, United States Code, 
as amended by this section, have been filled by military officers as 
required by such section.
    SEC. 352. EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL DEFENSE PROGRAM.
    (a) Roles, Responsibilities, and Authorities.--Section 2284(b) of 
title 10, United States Code, as amended by section 1052 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 
116-92), is further amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)(A)--
            (A) by inserting ``and'' before ``integration''; and
            (B) by striking ``an Assistant Secretary of Defense'' and 
        inserting ``the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special 
        Operations and Low Intensity Conflict'';
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``to whom responsibility is 
    assigned under paragraph (1)(A)'' and inserting ``for Special 
    Operations and Low Intensity Conflict'';
        (3) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs (4) 
    and (5), respectively; and
        (4) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
    paragraph (3):
        ``(3) the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations 
    and Low Intensity Conflict shall coordinate with--
            ``(A) the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence on 
        explosive ordnance technical intelligence;
            ``(B) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment on explosive ordnance disposal research, 
        development, acquisition, and sustainment;
            ``(C) the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering on explosive ordnance disposal research, 
        development, test, and evaluation;
            ``(D) the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Homeland 
        Security and Global Security on explosive ordnance disposal on 
        defense support of civil authorities; and
            ``(E) the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Nuclear, 
        Chemical, and Biological Defense programs on explosive ordnance 
        disposal for combating weapons of mass destruction;''.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with 
the Secretaries of the military departments, shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
a report of the Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense Program under 
section 2284 of title 10, United States Code. Such report shall include 
each of the following:
        (1) The status of the establishment and organization of the 
    Program and the compliance with the requirements of such section, 
    as amended by section 1052 of the National Defense Authorization 
    Act for Fiscal Year 2020.
        (2) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
    designating the Joint Program Executive Officer for Armaments and 
    Ammunition as the joint program executive officer for the explosive 
    ordnance disposal program, establishing a rotation of the role 
    between an Army, Navy, and Air Force entity on a periodic basis, or 
    other options determined appropriate.
        (3) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
    designating the Director of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency 
    with management responsibility for a Defense-wide program element 
    for explosive ordnance disposal research, development, test, and 
    evaluation transactions other than contracts, cooperative 
    agreements, and grants related to section 2371 of title 10, United 
    States Code, during research projects including rapid prototyping 
    and limited procurement urgent activities and acquisition.
    SEC. 353. ASSESSMENT OF RESILIENCE OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
      MUNITIONS ENTERPRISE.
    (a) Assessment.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall enter into an 
agreement with a federally-funded research and development center with 
relevant expertise under which such center shall conduct an assessment 
of the resilience of the Department of Defense munitions enterprise.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
        (1) An identification of the points of failure with respect to 
    the munitions enterprise, including physical locations, materials, 
    suppliers, contractors, and other relevant elements, that, if 
    failure occurs, would have the largest negative impact on the 
    capacity, resiliency, and safety of the enterprise.
        (2) An evaluation of the efforts of the Department of Defense 
    to address the points of failure identified under paragraph (1).
        (3) Recommendation with respect to any additional efforts or 
    actions that could be taken to provide for mitigation or solutions 
    with respect to such points of failure.
        (4) An evaluation of the capacity of the munitions enterprise 
    to support a sudden surge in demand to support a contingency.
        (5) An evaluation of the capacity of the munitions enterprise 
    to withstand intentional disruption during a conflict.
    (c) Report and Briefings.--The Secretary shall--
        (1) submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
    the results of assessment conducted under this section by not later 
    than December 31, 2021; and
        (2) provide for such committees interim briefings on such 
    assessment upon request.
    (d) Point of Failure.--In this section, the term ``point of 
failure'' means, with respect to the munitions enterprise, an aspect of 
the enterprise, that, if it were to fail or be significantly negatively 
impacted would cause the portion of the enterprise it supports to 
either fail or be significantly negatively impacted.
    SEC. 354. REPORT ON SAFETY WAIVERS AND MISHAPS IN DEPARTMENT OF 
      DEFENSE MUNITIONS ENTERPRISE.
    (a) Report Required.--The Secretary shall include with the 
Department of Defense materials submitted to Congress with the budget 
of the President for each of fiscal years 2022 through 2025 (as 
submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United 
States Code), a report on safety waivers provided in the Department of 
Defense munitions enterprise. Each such report shall include each of 
the following for the year covered by the report and each of the 
preceding 3 years:
        (1) A list of each waiver, exemption, and secretarial exemption 
    or certification provided with respect to any Department of Defense 
    munitions safety standard.
        (2) For each such waiver, exemption, or certification 
    provided--
            (A) the location where the waiver, exemption, or 
        certification was provided;
            (B) a summary of the justification used for providing the 
        waiver, exemption, or certification;
            (C) the time period during which the waiver, exemption, or 
        certification applies and the number of times such a waiver, 
        exemption, or certification has been provided at that location; 
        and
            (D) a list of all safety-related mishaps that occurred at 
        locations where waivers, exemptions, or certifications were in 
        place, and for each such mishap, whether or not a subsequent 
        investigation determined the waiver, exemption, or 
        certification was related or may have been related to the 
        mishap.
        (3) A list and summary of all class A through class E mishaps 
    related to the construction, storage, transportation, usage, and 
    demilitarization of munitions.
        (4) Any mitigation efforts in place at any location where a 
    waiver, exemption, or certification has been provided or where a 
    safety-related mishap has occurred.
        (5) Such other matters as the Secretary determines appropriate.
    (b) Munitions Defined.--In this section, the term ``munitions'' 
includes ammunition, explosives, and chemical agents.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

    SEC. 361. PILOT PROGRAM FOR TEMPORARY ISSUANCE OF MATERNITY-RELATED 
      UNIFORM ITEMS.
    (a) Pilot Program.--The Director of the Defense Logistics Agency, 
in coordination with the Secretaries concerned, shall carry out a pilot 
program for issuing maternity-related uniform items to pregnant members 
of the Armed Forces, on a temporary basis and at no cost to such 
member. In carrying out the pilot program, the Director shall take the 
following actions:
        (1) The Director shall maintain a stock of each type of 
    maternity-related uniform item determined necessary by the 
    Secretary concerned, including service uniforms items, utility 
    uniform items, and other items relating to the command and duty 
    assignment of the member requiring issuance.
        (2) The Director shall ensure that such items have not been 
    treated with the chemical permethrin.
        (3) The Director, in coordination with the Secretary concerned, 
    shall determine a standard number of maternity-related uniform 
    items that may be issued per member.
        (4) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that any member 
    receiving a maternity-related uniform item returns such item to the 
    relevant office established under paragraph (1) on the date on 
    which the Secretary concerned determines the member no longer 
    requires such item.
        (5) The Secretary concerned shall inspect, process, repair, 
    clean, and re-stock items returned by a member pursuant to 
    paragraph (4) for re-issuance from such relevant office.
        (6) The Director, in coordination with the Secretaries 
    concerned, may issue such guidance and regulations as necessary to 
    carry out the pilot program.
    (b) Termination.--No maternity-related uniform items may be issued 
to a member of the Armed Forces under the pilot program after September 
30, 2026.
    (c) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2025, the Director of the 
Defense Logistics Agency, in coordination with the Secretaries 
concerned, shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on the pilot program. Such report shall include each of the 
following:
        (1) For each year during which the pilot program was carried 
    out, the number of members of the Armed Forces who received a 
    maternity-related uniform item under the pilot program.
        (2) An overview of the costs associated with, and any savings 
    realized by, the pilot program, including a comparison of the cost 
    of maintaining a stock of maternity-related uniform items for 
    issuance under the pilot program versus the cost of providing 
    allowances to members for purchasing such items.
        (3) A recommendation on whether the pilot program should be 
    extended after the date of termination under subsection (b) and 
    whether legislation is necessary for such extension.
        (4) Any other matters that the Secretary of Defense determines 
    appropriate.
    SEC. 362. SERVICEWOMEN'S COMMEMORATIVE PARTNERSHIPS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Army may enter into a 
contract, partnership, or grant with a non-profit organization for the 
purpose of providing financial support for the maintenance and 
sustainment of infrastructure and facilities at military service 
memorials and museums that highlight the role of women in the military. 
Such a contract, partnership, or grant shall be referred to as a 
``Servicewomen's Commemorative Partnership''.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Of the amounts authorized to 
be appropriated for fiscal year 2021, as identified in division D of 
this Act, $3,000,000 shall be available for Servicewomen's 
Commemorative Partnerships under subsection (a).
    SEC. 363. BIODEFENSE ANALYSIS AND BUDGET SUBMISSION.
    (a) Annual Analysis.--For each fiscal year, beginning in fiscal 
year 2023, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall--
        (1) conduct a detailed and comprehensive analysis of Federal 
    biodefense programs; and
        (2) develop an integrated biodefense budget submission.
    (b) Definition of Biodefense.--In accordance with the National 
Biodefense Strategy, the Director shall develop and disseminate to all 
Federal departments and agencies a unified definition of the term 
``biodefense'' to identify which programs and activities are included 
in the annual budget submission required under subsection (a).
    (c) Requirements for Analysis.--The analysis required under 
subsection (a) shall include--
        (1) the display of all funds requested for biodefense 
    activities, both mandatory and discretionary, by agency and 
    categorized by biodefense enterprise element, such as threat 
    awareness, prevention, deterrence, preparedness, surveillance and 
    detection, response, attribution (including bioforensic 
    capabilities), recovery, and mitigation; and
        (2) detailed explanations of how each program and activity 
    included aligns with biodefense goals and objectives as part of the 
    National Biodefense Strategy required under section 1086 of the 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (6 U.S.C. 
    104).
    (d) Submittal to Congress.--The Director, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall submit to Congress the 
analysis required under subsection (a) for a fiscal year concurrently 
with the President's annual budget request for that fiscal year.
    SEC. 364. UPDATE OF NATIONAL BIODEFENSE IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
    (a) In General.--The Secretaries of Health and Human Services, 
Defense, Agriculture, Homeland Security, and all other Departments and 
agencies with responsibilities for biodefense, such as the Department 
of State, in consultation with the Assistant to the President for 
National Security Affairs and the Director of the Office of Management 
and Budget, as appropriate, shall jointly, after reviewing the 
biodefense threat assessment described in subsection (d) and any 
relevant input from external stakeholders, as appropriate, update the 
National Biodefense Implementation Plan developed under section 1086 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (6 U.S.C. 
104) to clearly document established processes, roles, and 
responsibilities related to the National Biodefense Strategy.
    (b) Specific Updates.--The updated National Biodefense 
Implementation Plan shall--
        (1) describe the roles and responsibilities of the Federal 
    departments and agencies, including internal and external 
    coordination procedures, in identifying and sharing information 
    between and among Federal departments and agencies, as described in 
    section 1086(b)(4) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2017 (6 U.S.C. 104(b)(4)) and consistent with the 
    statutory roles and authorities of such departments and agencies;
        (2) describe roles, responsibilities, and processes for 
    decisionmaking, including decisions regarding use of resources for 
    effective risk management across the enterprise;
        (3) describe resource plans for each department and agency with 
    responsibility for biodefense to support implementation of the 
    strategy within the jurisdiction of such department or agency, 
    including for the Biodefense Coordination Team, as appropriate;
        (4) describe guidance and methods for analyzing the data 
    collected from agencies to include non-Federal resources and 
    capabilities to the extent practicable; and
        (5) describe and update, as appropriate, 
    short-, medium-, and long-term goals for executing the National 
    Biodefense Strategy and metrics for meeting each objective of the 
    Strategy.
    (c) Submittal to Congress.--The Secretary of Health and Human 
Services, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Agriculture, and 
the Secretary of Homeland Security shall, not later than 6 months after 
the date of the completion of the assessment in subsection (d)(1)(A), 
submit the updated Implementation Plan to the appropriate congressional 
committees.
    (d) Updated Biodefense Threat Assessment.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretaries of Health and Human Services, 
    Defense, Agriculture, and Homeland Security, shall jointly, and in 
    consultation with the Director of National Intelligence, and other 
    agency heads as appropriate--
            (A) conduct an assessment of current and potential 
        biological threats against the United States, both naturally 
        occurring and man-made, either accidental or deliberate, 
        including the potential for catastrophic biological threats, 
        such as a pandemic;
            (B) not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
        this section, submit the findings of the assessment conducted 
        under subparagraph (A) to the Federal officials described in 
        subsection (d)(1)and the appropriate congressional committees 
        described in subsection (e);
            (C) not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
        assessment is submitted under subparagraph (B), conduct a 
        briefing for the appropriate congressional committees on the 
        findings of the assessment;
            (D) update the assessment under subparagraph (A) 
        biennially, as appropriate, and provide the findings of such 
        updated assessments to the Federal officials described in 
        subsection (d)(1) and the appropriate congressional committees; 
        and
            (E) conduct briefings for the appropriate congressional 
        committees as needed any time an assessment under this 
        paragraph is updated.
        (2) Classification and format.--Assessments under paragraph (1) 
    shall be submitted in an unclassified format and include a 
    classified annex, as appropriate.
    (e) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the following:
        (1) The Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
    Representatives and the Senate.
        (2) The Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
    Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and 
    Pensions of the Senate.
        (3) The Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
    Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
    Governmental Affairs of the Senate.
        (4) The Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
    Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
    Forestry of the Senate.
        (5) The Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House 
    of Representatives and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
    Senate.
        (6) The Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
    Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
    Senate.
    (f) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to alter, limit, or duplicate the roles, responsibilities, 
authorities, or current activities, as established in statute or 
otherwise through existing practice or policy, of each Federal 
department or agency with responsibilities for biodefense or otherwise 
relevant to implementation of the National Biodefense Strategy.
    SEC. 365. PLANS AND REPORTS ON EMERGENCY RESPONSE TRAINING FOR 
      MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.
    (a) Plans.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
    each military installation under the jurisdiction of the Secretary 
    that does not conduct live emergency response training on an annual 
    basis or more frequently with the civilian law enforcement and 
    emergency response agencies responsible for responding to an 
    emergency at the installation develops a plan to conduct such 
    training.
        (2) Elements.--Each plan developed under paragraph (1) with 
    respect to an installation--
            (A) shall include--
                (i) the cost of implementing training described in 
            paragraph (1) at the installation;
                (ii) a description of any obstacles to the 
            implementation of such training; and
                (iii) recommendations for mitigating any such 
            obstacles; and
            (B) shall be designed to ensure that the civilian law 
        enforcement and emergency response agencies described in 
        paragraph (1) are familiar with--
                (i) the physical features of the installation, 
            including gates, buildings, armories, headquarters, command 
            and control centers, and medical facilities; and
                (ii) the emergency response personnel and procedures of 
            the installation.
        (3) Submittal of plans.--
            (A) Submittal to secretary.--Not later than 90 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the commander of each 
        military installation required to develop a plan under 
        paragraph (1) shall submit such plan to the Secretary of 
        Defense.
            (B) Submittal to congress.--Not later than 180 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
        the House of Representatives a summary of the plans submitted 
        to the Secretary under subparagraph (A).
    (b) Reports on Training Conducted.--
        (1) List of installations.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the 
    Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
    Senate and the House of Representatives a list of all military 
    installations under the jurisdiction of the Secretary that conduct 
    live emergency response training on an annual basis or more 
    frequently with the civilian law enforcement and emergency response 
    agencies responsible for responding to an emergency at the 
    installation.
        (2) Annual reports.--
            (A) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the 
        commander of each military installation under the jurisdiction 
        of the Secretary shall submit to the Secretary a report on each 
        live emergency response training conducted during the year 
        covered by the report with the civilian law enforcement and 
        emergency response agencies responsible for responding to an 
        emergency at the installation.
            (B) Elements.--Each report submitted under subparagraph (A) 
        shall include, with respect to each training exercise, the 
        following:
                (i) The date and duration of the exercise.
                (ii) A detailed description of the exercise.
                (iii) An identification of all military and civilian 
            personnel who participated in the exercise.
                (iv) Any recommendations resulting from the exercise.
                (v) The actions taken, if any, to implement such 
            recommendations.
            (C) Inclusion in annual budget submission.--
                (i) In general.--The Secretary shall include in the 
            budget submitted to Congress by the President pursuant to 
            section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, a summary 
            of any report submitted to the Secretary under subparagraph 
            (A) during the one-year period preceding the submittal of 
            the budget.
                (ii) Classified form.--The summary submitted under 
            clause (i) may be submitted in classified form.
            (D) Sunset.--The requirement to submit annual reports under 
        subparagraph (A) shall terminate upon the submittal of the 
        budget described in subparagraph (C)(i) for fiscal year 2024.
    SEC. 366. INAPPLICABILITY OF CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION AND DOLLAR 
      LIMITATION REQUIREMENTS FOR ADVANCE BILLINGS FOR CERTAIN 
      BACKGROUND INVESTIGATIONS.
    Section 2208(l) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
    paragraph (4):
    ``(4) This subsection shall not apply to advance billing for 
background investigation and related services performed by the Defense 
Counterintelligence and Security Agency.''.
    SEC. 367. ADJUSTMENT IN AVAILABILITY OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR UNUSUAL 
      COST OVERRUNS AND FOR CHANGES IN SCOPE OF WORK.
    Section 8683 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Treatment of Amounts Appropriated After End of Period of 
Obligation.--In the application of section 1553(c) of title 31 to funds 
appropriated in the Operation and Maintenance, Navy account that are 
available for ship overhaul, the Secretary of the Navy may treat the 
limitation specified in paragraph (1) of such section to be 
`$10,000,000' rather than `$4,000,000'.''.
    SEC. 368. REQUIREMENT THAT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE IMPLEMENT SECURITY 
      AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE RECOMMENDATIONS RELATING TO ACTIVE SHOOTER 
      OR TERRORIST ATTACKS ON INSTALLATIONS OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Requirement.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall implement the 
applicable security and emergency response recommendations relating to 
active shooter or terrorist attacks on installations of the Department 
of Defense made in the following reports:
        (1) The report by the Government Accountability Office dated 
    July 2015 entitled, ``Insider Threats: DOD Should Improve 
    Information Sharing and Oversight to Protect U.S. Installations'' 
    (GAO-15-543).
        (2) The report prepared by the Department of the Navy relating 
    to the Washington Navy Yard shooting in 2013.
        (3) The report by the Department of the Army dated August 2010 
    entitled ``Fort Hood, Army Internal Review Team: Final Report''.
        (4) The independent review by the Department of Defense dated 
    January 2010 entitled ``Protecting the Force: Lessons from Fort 
    Hood''.
        (5) The report by the Department of the Air Force dated October 
    2010 entitled ``Air Force Follow-On Review: Protecting the Force: 
    Lessons from Fort Hood''.
    (b) Notification of Inapplicable Recommendations.--
        (1) In general.--If the Secretary determines that a 
    recommendation described in subsection (a) is outdated, is no 
    longer applicable, or has been superseded by more recent separate 
    guidance or recommendations set forth by the Government 
    Accountability Office, the Department of Defense, or another entity 
    in related contracted review, the Secretary shall notify the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives not later than 45 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act.
        (2) Identification and justification.--The notification under 
    paragraph (1) shall include an identification, set forth by report 
    specified in subsection (a), of each recommendation that the 
    Secretary determines should not be implemented, with a 
    justification for each such determination.
    SEC. 369. CLARIFICATION OF FOOD INGREDIENT REQUIREMENTS FOR FOOD OR 
      BEVERAGES PROVIDED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) In General.--Before making any final rule, statement, or 
determination regarding the limitation or prohibition of any food or 
beverage ingredient in military food service, military medical foods, 
commissary food, or commissary food service, the Secretary of Defense 
shall publish in the Federal Register a notice of a preliminary rule, 
statement, or determination (in this section referred to as a 
``proposed action'') and provide opportunity for public comment.
    (b) Matters to Be Included.--The Secretary shall include in any 
notice published under subsection (a) the following:
        (1) The date of the notice.
        (2) Contact information for the appropriate office at the 
    Department of Defense.
        (3) A summary of the notice.
        (4) A date for comments to be submitted and specific methods 
    for submitting comments.
        (5) A description of the substance of the proposed action.
        (6) Findings and a statement of reasons supporting the proposed 
    action.
    (c) Waiver Authority.--
        (1) Military operations and emergency response.--The Secretary 
    may waive subsections (a) and (b) if the Secretary determines that 
    such a waiver is necessary for military operations or for the 
    response to a national emergency declared by the President under 
    the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), a medical 
    emergency, or a pandemic.
        (2) Protection of human health.--The Secretary may waive 
    subsections (a) and (b) if the Food and Drug Administration, the 
    Surgeon General of the United States, or the Surgeons General of 
    the Department of Defense makes a recall or prohibition 
    determination due to certain ingredients being harmful for human 
    consumption.
        (3) Notification required.--
            (A) In general.--The Secretary shall notify the 
        congressional defense committees not later than 60 days after 
        exercising waiver authority under paragraph (1).
            (B) Elements.--The notification required under subparagraph 
        (A) shall include, with respect to each waiver, the following 
        elements:
                (i) The date, time, and location of the issuance of the 
            waiver.
                (ii) A detailed justification for the issuance of the 
            waiver.
                (iii) An identification of the rule, statement, or 
            determination for which the Secretary issued the waiver, 
            including the proposed duration of such rule, statement, or 
            determination.
    SEC. 370. COMMISSION ON THE NAMING OF ITEMS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
      DEFENSE THAT COMMEMORATE THE CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA OR ANY 
      PERSON WHO SERVED VOLUNTARILY WITH THE CONFEDERATE STATES OF 
      AMERICA.
    (a) Removal.--Not later than three years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall implement the 
plan submitted by the commission described in paragraph (b) and remove 
all names, symbols, displays, monuments, and paraphernalia that honor 
or commemorate the Confederate States of America (commonly referred to 
as the ``Confederacy'') or any person who served voluntarily with the 
Confederate States of America from all assets of the Department of 
Defense.
    (b) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
commission relating to assigning, modifying, or removing of names, 
symbols, displays, monuments, and paraphernalia to assets of the 
Department of Defense that commemorate the Confederate States of 
America or any person who served voluntarily with the Confederate 
States of America.
    (c) Duties.--The Commission shall--
        (1) assess the cost of renaming or removing names, symbols, 
    displays, monuments, or paraphernalia that commemorate the 
    Confederate States of America or any person who served voluntarily 
    with the Confederate States of America;
        (2) develop procedures and criteria to assess whether an 
    existing name, symbol, monument, display, or paraphernalia 
    commemorates the Confederate States of America or person who served 
    voluntarily with the Confederate States of America;
        (3) recommend procedures for renaming assets of the Department 
    of Defense to prevent commemoration of the Confederate States of 
    America or any person who served voluntarily with the Confederate 
    States of America;
        (4) develop a plan to remove names, symbols, displays, 
    monuments, or paraphernalia that commemorate the Confederate States 
    of America or any person who served voluntarily with the 
    Confederate States of America from assets of the Department of 
    Defense, within the timeline established by this Act; and
        (5) include in the plan procedures and criteria for collecting 
    and incorporating local sensitivities associated with naming or 
    renaming of assets of the Department of Defense.
    (d) Membership.--The Commission shall be composed of eight members, 
of whom--
        (1) four shall be appointed by the Secretary of Defense;
        (2) one shall be appointed by the Chairman of the Committee on 
    Armed Services of the Senate;
        (3) one shall be appointed by the Ranking Member of the 
    Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
        (4) one shall be appointed by the Chairman of the Committee on 
    Armed Services of the House of Representatives; and
        (5) one shall be appointed by the Ranking Member of the 
    Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives.
    (e) Appointment.--Members of the Commission shall be appointed not 
later than 45 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (f) Initial Meeting.--The Commission shall hold its initial meeting 
on the date that is 60 days after the enactment of this Act.
    (g) Briefings and Reports.--Not later than October 1, 2021, the 
Commission shall brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives detailing the progress of the requirements 
under subsection (c). Not later than October 1, 2022, and not later 
than 90 days before the implementation of the plan in subsection 
(c)(4), the Commission shall present a briefing and written report 
detailing the results of the requirements under subsection (c), 
including:
        (1) A list of assets to be removed or renamed.
        (2) Costs associated with the removal or renaming of assets in 
    subsection (g)(1).
        (3) Criteria and requirements used to nominate and rename 
    assets in subsection (g)(1).
        (4) Methods of collecting and incorporating local sensitivities 
    associated with the removal or renaming of assets in subsection 
    (g)(1).
    (h) Funding.--
        (1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
    appropriated $2,000,000 to carry out this section.
        (2) Offset.--The amount authorized to be appropriated by the 
    Act for fiscal year 2021 for Operations and Maintenance, Army, sub 
    activity group 434 - other personnel support is hereby reduced by 
    $2,000,000.
    (i) Assets Defined.--In this section, the term ``assets'' includes 
any base, installation, street, building, facility, aircraft, ship, 
plane, weapon, equipment, or any other property owned or controlled by 
the Department of Defense.
    (j) Exemption for Grave Markers.--Shall not cover monuments but 
shall exempt grave markers. Congress expects the commission to further 
define what constitutes a grave marker.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions to permanent active duty end strength minimum 
          levels.
Sec. 403. Modification of the authorized number and accounting method 
          for senior enlisted personnel.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
          Reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
          duty for operational support.
Sec. 415. Separate authorization by Congress of minimum end strengths 
          for non-temporary military technicians (dual status) and end 
          strengths for temporary military technicians (dual status).

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

    SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.
    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty personnel 
as of September 30, 2021, as follows:
        (1) The Army, 485,900.
        (2) The Navy, 347,800.
        (3) The Marine Corps, 181,200.
        (4) The Air Force, 333,475.
    SEC. 402. REVISIONS TO PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH MINIMUM 
      LEVELS.
    (a) In General.--Section 691 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in the heading, by striking ``two major regional 
    contingencies'' and inserting ``the National Defense Strategy'';
        (2) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by striking ``a national defense strategy calling for'' 
        and inserting ``the national defense strategy of''; and
            (B) by striking ``to be able to successfully conduct two 
        nearly simultaneous major regional contingencies'';
        (3) in subsection (b), by striking paragraphs (1) through (4) 
    and inserting the following new paragraphs:
        ``(1) For the Army, 485,900.
        ``(2) For the Navy, 347,800.
        ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 181,200.
        ``(4) For the Air Force, 333,475.''; and
        (4) in subsection (e)--
            (A) by inserting ``or the Secretary concerned'' after 
        ``Secretary of Defense''; and
            (B) by striking ``reduce a number specified in subsection 
        (b) by not more than 2 percent'' and inserting ``vary a number 
        specified in subsection (b) in accordance with section 115 of 
        this title''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 39 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 691 and inserting the following:

``691. Permanent end strength levels to support the National Defense 
          Strategy''.
    SEC. 403. MODIFICATION OF THE AUTHORIZED NUMBER AND ACCOUNTING 
      METHOD FOR SENIOR ENLISTED PERSONNEL.
    (a) In General.--Section 517 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in the section heading, by striking ``daily average'' and 
    inserting ``enlisted end strength'';
        (2) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by striking ``daily average number of'' and inserting 
        ``end strength for'';
            (B) by striking ``in a fiscal year'' and inserting ``as of 
        the last day of a fiscal year'';
            (C) by striking ``2.5 percent'' and inserting ``3.0 
        percent''; and
            (D) by striking ``on the first day of that fiscal year''; 
        and
        (3) by striking subsection (b).
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 31 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 517 and inserting the following new item:

``517. Authorized enlisted end strength: members in pay grades E-8 and 
          E-9.''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

    SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.
    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for 
Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 
30, 2021, as follows:
        (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 336,500.
        (2) The Army Reserve, 189,800.
        (3) The Navy Reserve, 58,800.
        (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
        (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 108,100.
        (6) The Air Force Reserve, 70,300.
        (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed by 
subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall 
be proportionately reduced by--
        (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to serve 
    as units of the Selected Reserve of such component which are on 
    active duty (other than for training) at the end of the fiscal 
    year; and
        (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
    organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
    component who are on active duty (other than for training or for 
    unsatisfactory participation in training) without their consent at 
    the end of the fiscal year.
    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual members 
of the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are released from 
active duty during any fiscal year, the end strength prescribed for 
such fiscal year for the Selected Reserve of such reserve component 
shall be increased proportionately by the total authorized strengths of 
such units and by the total number of such individual members.
    SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF 
      THE RESERVES.
    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of September 30, 
2021, the following number of Reserves to be serving on full-time 
active duty or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National 
Guard, for the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, 
instructing, or training the reserve components:
        (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,595.
        (2) The Army Reserve, 16,511.
        (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,215.
        (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,386.
        (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 25,333.
        (6) The Air Force Reserve, 5,256.
    SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).
    (a) In General.--The minimum number of military technicians (dual 
status) as of the last day of fiscal year 2021 for the reserve 
components of the Army and the Air Force (notwithstanding section 129 
of title 10, United States Code) shall be the following:
        (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 22,294.
        (2) For the Army Reserve, 6,492.
        (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 10,994.
        (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 7,947.
    (b) Limitation.--Under no circumstances may a military technician 
(dual status) employed under the authority of this section be coerced 
by a State into accepting an offer of realignment or conversion to any 
other military status, including as a member of the Active, Guard, and 
Reserve program of a reserve component. If a military technician (dual 
status) declines to participate in such realignment or conversion, no 
further action will be taken against the individual or the individual's 
position.
    SEC. 414. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
      ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.
    During fiscal year 2021, the maximum number of members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving at any time 
on full-time operational support duty under section 115(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is the following:
        (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
        (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
        (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
        (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
        (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
        (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.
    SEC. 415. SEPARATE AUTHORIZATION BY CONGRESS OF MINIMUM END 
      STRENGTHS FOR NON-TEMPORARY MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS) 
      AND END STRENGTHS FOR TEMPORARY MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL 
      STATUS).
    (a) In General.--Section 115(d) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``the end strength for 
    military technicians (dual status)'' and inserting ``both the 
    minimum end strength for non-temporary military technicians (dual 
    status) and the end strength for temporary military technicians 
    (dual status)''; and
        (2) in the third sentence, by striking ``the end strength 
    requested for military technicians (dual status)'' and inserting 
    ``the minimum end strength for non-temporary military technicians 
    (dual status), and the end strength for temporary military 
    technicians (dual status), requested''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the day after the date of the enactment of this Act. The 
amendment made by subsection (a)(2) shall apply with respect to budgets 
submitted by the President to Congress under section 1105 of title 31, 
United States Code, after such effective date.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.
    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 for the use of the Armed Forces 
and other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
expenses, not otherwise provided for, for military personnel, as 
specified in the funding table in section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in the subsection (a) supersedes any other authorization 
of appropriations (definite or indefinite) for such purpose for fiscal 
year 2021.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Authorized strengths of general and flag officers on active 
          duty.
Sec. 502. Temporary expansion of availability of enhanced constructive 
          service credit in a particular career field upon original 
          appointment as a commissioned officer.
Sec. 503. Diversity in selection boards.
Sec. 504. Requirement for promotion selection board recommendation of 
          higher placement on promotion list of officers of particular 
          merit.
Sec. 505. Special selection review boards for review of promotion of 
          officers subject to adverse information identified after 
          recommendation for promotion and related matters.
Sec. 506. Number of opportunities for consideration for promotion under 
          alternative promotion authority.
Sec. 507. Mandatory retirement for age.
Sec. 508. Clarifying and improving restatement of rules on the retired 
          grade of commissioned officers.
Sec. 509. Repeal of authority for original appointment of regular Navy 
          officers designated for engineering duty, aeronautical 
          engineering duty, and special duty.
Sec. 509A. Permanent programs on direct commissions to cyber positions.
Sec. 509B. Review of Seaman to Admiral-21 program.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Temporary authority to order retired members to active duty in 
          high-demand, low-density assignments during war or national 
          emergency.
Sec. 512. Expansion of Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps Program.
Sec. 513. Grants to support STEM education in the Junior Reserve 
          Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 514. Permanent suicide prevention and resilience program for the 
          reserve components.
Sec. 515. Modification of education loan repayment program for members 
          of Selected Reserve.
Sec. 516. Inclusion of drill or training foregone due to emergency 
          travel or duty restrictions in computations of entitlement to 
          and amounts of retired pay for non-regular service.
Sec. 517. Quarantine lodging for members of the reserve components who 
          perform certain service in response to the COVID-19 emergency.
Sec. 518. Direct employment pilot program for certain members of the 
          reserve components.
Sec. 519. Pilot programs authorized in connection with SROTC units and 
          CSPI programs at Historically Black Colleges and Universities 
          and minority institutions.
Sec. 519A. Report regarding full-time National Guard duty in response to 
          the COVID-19 pandemic.
Sec. 519B. Study and report on National Guard support to States 
          responding to major disasters.
Sec. 519C. Report on guidance for use of unmanned aircraft systems by 
          the National Guard.
Sec. 519D. Study and report on ROTC recruitment.

   Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                 Records

Sec. 521. Increased access to potential recruits.
Sec. 522. Sunset and transfer of functions of the Physical Disability 
          Board of Review.
Sec. 523. Honorary promotion matters.
Sec. 524. Exclusion of official photographs of members from records 
          furnished to promotion selection boards.
Sec. 525. Report regarding reviews of discharges and dismissals based on 
          sexual orientation.

 Subtitle D--Prevention and Response To Sexual Assault, Harassment, and 
                           Related Misconduct

Sec. 531. Modification of time required for expedited decisions in 
          connection with applications for change of station or unit 
          transfer of members who are victims of sexual assault or 
          related offenses.
Sec. 532. Confidential reporting of sexual harassment.
Sec. 533. Additional bases for provision of advice by the Defense 
          Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual Misconduct.
Sec. 534. Additional matters for 2021 report of the Defense Advisory 
          Committee for the Prevention of Sexual Misconduct.
Sec. 535. Inclusion of advisory duties on the Coast Guard Academy among 
          duties of Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention of 
          Sexual Misconduct.
Sec. 536. Modification of reporting and data collection on victims of 
          sexual offenses.
Sec. 537. Modification of annual report regarding sexual assaults 
          involving members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 538. Coordination of support for survivors of sexual trauma.
Sec. 539. Policy for military service academies on separation of alleged 
          victims and alleged perpetrators in incidents of sexual 
          assault.
Sec. 539A. Safe-to-report policy applicable across the Armed Forces.
Sec. 539B. Accountability of leadership of the Department of Defense for 
          discharging the sexual harassment policies and programs of the 
          Department.
Sec. 539C. Reports on status of investigations of alleged sex-related 
          offenses.
Sec. 539D. Report on ability of Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and 
          Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Victim Advocates to 
          perform duties.
Sec. 539E. Briefing on Special Victims' Counsel program.
Sec. 539F. Briefing on placement of members of the Armed Forces in 
          academic status who are victims of sexual assault onto Non-
          Rated Periods.

          Subtitle E--Military Justice and Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Right to notice of victims of offenses under the Uniform Code 
          of Military Justice regarding certain post-trial motions, 
          filings, and hearings.
Sec. 542. Qualifications of judges and standard of review for Courts of 
          Criminal Appeals.
Sec. 543. Preservation of court-martial records.
Sec. 544. Availability of records for National Instant Criminal 
          Background Check System.
Sec. 545. Removal of personally identifying and other information of 
          certain persons from investigative reports, the Department of 
          Defense Central Index of Investigations, and other records and 
          databases.
Sec. 546. Briefing on mental health support for vicarious trauma for 
          certain personnel in the military justice system.
Sec. 547. Comptroller General of the United States report on 
          implementation by the Armed Forces of recent GAO 
          recommendations and statutory requirements on assessment of 
          racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in the military justice 
          system.
Sec. 548. Legal assistance for veterans and surviving spouses and 
          dependents.
Sec. 549. Clarification of termination of leases of premises and motor 
          vehicles of servicemembers who incur catastrophic injury or 
          illness or die while in military service.
Sec. 549A. Multidisciplinary board to evaluate suicide events.
Sec. 549B. Improvements to Department of Defense tracking of and 
          response to incidents of child abuse, adult crimes against 
          children, and serious harmful behavior between children and 
          youth involving military dependents on military installations.
Sec. 549C. Independent analysis and recommendations on domestic violence 
          in the Armed Forces.

                   Subtitle F--Diversity and Inclusion

Sec. 551.  Diversity and inclusion reporting requirements and related 
          matters.
Sec. 552. National emergency exception for timing requirements with 
          respect to certain surveys of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 553. Questions regarding racism, anti-Semitism, and supremacism in 
          workplace surveys administered by the Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 554. Inspector General oversight of diversity and inclusion in 
          Department of Defense; supremacist, extremist, or criminal 
          gang activity in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 555. Policy to improve responses to pregnancy and childbirth by 
          certain members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 556. Training on certain Department of Defense instructions for 
          members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 557. Evaluation of barriers to minority participation in certain 
          units of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 558. Comptroller General of the United States report on equal 
          opportunity at the military service academies.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 561. Extension of time to review World War I Valor Medals.
Sec. 562. Authorizations for certain awards.
Sec. 563. Feasibility study on establishment of service medal for 
          radiation-exposed veterans.
Sec. 564. Expressing support for the designation of Silver Star Service 
          Banner Day.

   Subtitle H--Member Education, Training, Transition, and Resilience

Sec. 571. Mentorship and career counseling program for officers to 
          improve diversity in military leadership.
Sec. 572. Expansion of Skillbridge program to include the Coast Guard.
Sec. 573. Increase in number of permanent professors at the United 
          States Air Force Academy.
Sec. 574. Additional elements with 2021 and 2022 certifications on the 
          Ready, Relevant Learning initiative of the Navy.
Sec. 575. Information on nominations and applications for military 
          service academies.
Sec. 576. Report on potential improvements to certain military 
          educational institutions of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 577. College of International Security Affairs of the National 
          Defense University.
Sec. 578. Improvements to the Credentialing Opportunities On-Line 
          programs of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 579. GAO study regarding transferability of military certifications 
          to civilian occupational licenses and certifications.
Sec. 579A. Report regarding county, Tribal, and local veterans service 
          officers.

     Subtitle I--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

Sec. 581. Family readiness: definitions; communication strategy; review; 
          report.
Sec. 582. Improvements to Exceptional Family Member Program.
Sec. 583. Support services for members of special operations forces and 
          immediate family members.
Sec. 584. Responsibility for allocation of certain funds for military 
          child development programs.
Sec. 585. Military child care and child development center matters.
Sec. 586. Expansion of financial assistance under My Career Advancement 
          Account program.
Sec. 587. Improvements to partner criteria of the Military Spouse 
          Employment Partnership Program.
Sec. 588. 24-hour child care.
Sec. 589. Pilot program to provide financial assistance to members of 
          the Armed Forces for in-home child care.
Sec. 589A. Certain assistance to local educational agencies that benefit 
          dependents of military and civilian personnel.
Sec. 589B. Staffing of Department of Defense Education Activity schools 
          to maintain maximum student-to-teacher ratios.
Sec. 589C. Pilot program to expand eligibility for enrollment at 
          domestic dependent elementary and secondary schools.
Sec. 589D. Pilot program on expanded eligibility for Department of 
          Defense Education Activity Virtual High School program.
Sec. 589E. Training program regarding foreign malign influence 
          campaigns.
Sec. 589F. Study on cyberexploitation and online deception of members of 
          the Armed Forces and their families.
Sec. 589G. Matters relating to education for military dependent students 
          with special needs.
Sec. 589H. Studies and reports on the performance of the Department of 
          Defense Education Activity.

                  Subtitle J--Other Matters and Reports

Sec. 591. Expansion of Department of Defense STARBASE Program.
Sec. 592. Inclusion of certain outlying areas in the Department of 
          Defense STARBASE Program.
Sec. 593. Postponement of conditional designation of Explosive Ordnance 
          Disposal Corps as a basic branch of the Army.
Sec. 594. Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery Test special 
          purpose adjunct to address computational thinking.
Sec. 595. Extension of reporting deadline for the annual report on the 
          assessment of the effectiveness of activities of the Federal 
          Voting Assistance Program.
Sec. 596. Plan on performance of funeral honors details by members of 
          other Armed Forces when members of the Armed Force of the 
          deceased are unavailable.
Sec. 597. Study on financial impacts of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 on 
          members of the Armed Forces and best practices to prevent 
          future financial hardships.
Sec. 598. Limitation on implementation of Army Combat Fitness Test.
Sec. 599. Semiannual reports on implementation of recommendations of the 
          Comprehensive Review of Special Operations Forces Culture and 
          Ethics.
Sec. 599A. Report on impact of children of certain Filipino World War II 
          veterans on national security, foreign policy, and economic 
          and humanitarian interests of the United States.

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

    SEC. 501. AUTHORIZED STRENGTHS OF GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICERS ON 
      ACTIVE DUTY.
    (a) Exclusion of Certain General and Flag Officers of Reserve 
Components on Active Duty From Strength Limitations.--Section 526a of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (c) through (h) as subsections 
    (d) through (i), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
    subsection (c):
    ``(c) Exclusion of Certain Officers of Reserve Components.--The 
limitations of this section do not apply to the following:
        ``(1) A general or flag officer of a reserve component who is 
    on active duty--
            ``(A) for training; or
            ``(B) under a call or order specifying a period of less 
        than 180 days.
        ``(2)(A) A general or flag officer of a reserve component who 
    is authorized by the Secretary of the military department concerned 
    to serve on active duty for a period of at least 180 days and not 
    longer than 365 days.
        ``(B) The Secretary of the military department concerned may 
    authorize a number, determined under subparagraph (C), of officers 
    in the reserve component of each armed force under the jurisdiction 
    of that Secretary to serve as described in subparagraph (A).
        ``(C) Each number described in subparagraph (B) may not exceed 
    10 percent of the number of general or flag officers, as the case 
    may be, authorized to serve in the armed force concerned under 
    section 12004 of this title. In determining a number under this 
    subparagraph, any fraction shall be rounded down to the next whole 
    number that is greater than zero.
        ``(3)(A) A general or flag officer of a reserve component who 
    is on active duty for a period longer than 365 days and not longer 
    than three years.
        ``(B) The number of officers described in subparagraph (A) who 
    do not serve in a position that is a joint duty assignment for 
    purposes of chapter 38 of this title may not exceed five per armed 
    force, unless authorized by the Secretary of Defense.''.
    (b) Allocation of Billets and Positions Among the Armed Forces and 
for Joint Duty Assignments.--
        (1) Report required.--Not later than May 1, 2021, the Secretary 
    of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
    Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the results of 
    a study, conducted by the Secretary for purposes of the report, on 
    the following:
            (A) The allocation among the Armed Forces of billets and 
        positions for general and flag officers on active duty.
            (B) The allocation for joint duty assignments of billets 
        and positions for general and flag officers on active duty.
        (2) Consultation.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
    paragraph (1) in the consultation with the Secretaries of the 
    military departments and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
        (3) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) A final plan to meet the authorized strengths of 
        general and flag officers on active duty after December, 31, 
        2022, as required by section 526a of title 10, United States 
        Code, which plan shall set forth the intended disposition of 
        each billet or position for general or flag officer in effect 
        as of the date of the enactment of this Act in order to meet 
        the objectives of the plan.
            (B) A recommendation by the Secretary of Defense as to the 
        appropriate grade level or levels for the billet or position of 
        commander of a component command within a combatant command.
            (C) A recommendation by the Chairman of the Joint Chief of 
        Staff as to whether the billet or position of commander of a 
        component command within a combatant command should be 
        considered a joint duty assignment for purposes of section 
        526(b) or 526a(b) of title 10, United States Code.
            (D) A recommendation by the Secretary of Defense as to the 
        allocation of billets and positions for general and flag 
        officers on active duty among the Armed Forces within the 
        aggregate limitation specified in section 526a(a) of title 10, 
        United States Code, including the allocation of such billets 
        and positions within the Space Force.
            (E) Such other matters as the Secretary of Defense 
        considers appropriate.
    (c) Increase in Army Authorization for General Officers Serving in 
Grade O-10.--
        (1) Increase.--Section 525(a)(1)(A) of title 10, United States 
    Code, is amended by striking ``7'' and inserting ``8''.
        (2) Conforming decrease in strength limitations for joint duty 
    requirements.--Section 526(b)(3)(A) of such title is amended by 
    striking ``20'' and inserting ``19''.
        (3) Construction of decrease as applying to generals.--The 
    reduction in number of positions excluded from authorized strength 
    limitations resulting from the amendment made by paragraph (2) 
    shall apply to positions in the grade of general.
    SEC. 502. TEMPORARY EXPANSION OF AVAILABILITY OF ENHANCED 
      CONSTRUCTIVE SERVICE CREDIT IN A PARTICULAR CAREER FIELD UPON 
      ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT AS A COMMISSIONED OFFICER.
    (a) Regular Officers.--Subparagraph (D) of section 533(b)(1) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
        ``(D) Additional credit as follows:
            ``(i) For special training or experience in a particular 
        officer field as designated by the Secretary concerned, if such 
        training or experience is directly related to the operational 
        needs of the armed force concerned.
            ``(ii) During fiscal years 2021 through 2025, for advanced 
        education in an officer field so designated, if such education 
        is directly related to the operational needs of the armed force 
        concerned.''.
    (b) Reserve Officers.--Section 12207(b)(1) of such title is 
amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), ``or a 
    designation in'' and all that follows through ``education or 
    training,'' and inserting ``and who has special training or 
    experience, or advanced education (if applicable),''; and
        (2) by striking subparagraph (D) and inserting the following 
    new subparagraph (D):
        ``(D) Additional credit as follows:
            ``(i) For special training or experience in a particular 
        officer field as designated by the Secretary concerned, if such 
        training or experience is directly related to the operational 
        needs of the armed force concerned.
            ``(ii) During fiscal years 2021 through 2025, for advanced 
        education in an officer field so designated, if such education 
        is directly related to the operational needs of the armed force 
        concerned.''.
    (c) Annual Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than February 1, 2022, and every 
    four years thereafter, each Secretary of a military department 
    shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
    the House of Representatives a report on the use of the authorities 
    in subparagraph (D) of section 553(b)(1) of title 10, United States 
    Code (as amended by subsection (a)), and subparagraph (D) of 
    section 12207(b)(1) of such title (as amended by subsection (b)) 
    (each referred to in this subsection as a ``constructive credit 
    authority'') during the preceding fiscal year for the Armed Forces 
    under the jurisdiction of such Secretary.
        (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall include, 
    for the fiscal year and Armed Forces covered by such report, the 
    following:
            (A) The manner in which constructive service credit was 
        calculated under each constructive credit authority.
            (B) The number of officers credited constructive service 
        credit under each constructive credit authority.
            (C) A description and assessment of the utility of the 
        constructive credit authorities in meeting the operational 
        needs of the Armed Force concerned.
            (D) Such other matters in connection with the constructive 
        credit authorities as the Secretary of the military department 
        concerned considers appropriate.
    SEC. 503. DIVERSITY IN SELECTION BOARDS.
    (a) Requirement for Diverse Membership of Active Duty Promotion 
Selection Boards.--
        (1) Officers.--Section 612(a)(1) of title 10, United States 
    Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: 
    ``The members of a selection board shall represent the diverse 
    population of the armed force concerned to the extent 
    practicable.''.
        (2) Warrant officers.--Section 573(b) of title 10, United 
    States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
    sentence: ``The members of a selection board shall represent the 
    diverse population of the armed force concerned to the extent 
    practicable.''.
    (b) Requirement for Diverse Membership of Reserve Component 
Promotion Selection Boards.--Section 14102(b) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
sentence: ``The members of a selection board shall represent the 
diverse population of the armed force concerned to the extent 
practicable.''.
    (c) Other Selection Boards.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
    members of each selection board described in paragraph (2) 
    represent the diverse population of the Armed Force concerned to 
    the extent practicable.
        (2) Selection board described.--A selection board described in 
    this paragraph (1) is any selection board used with respect to the 
    promotion, education, or command assignments of members of the 
    Armed Forces that is not covered by the amendments made by this 
    section.
    SEC. 504. REQUIREMENT FOR PROMOTION SELECTION BOARD RECOMMENDATION 
      OF HIGHER PLACEMENT ON PROMOTION LIST OF OFFICERS OF PARTICULAR 
      MERIT.
    (a) In General.--Section 616(h) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) by striking ``may'' and inserting ``shall''; and
            (B) by inserting ``pursuant to guidelines and procedures 
        prescribed by the Secretary,'' after ``officers of particular 
        merit,''; and
        (2) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``, pursuant to guidelines 
    and procedures prescribed by the Secretary concerned,'' after 
    ``shall recommend''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply 
with respect to officers recommended for promotion by promotion 
selection boards convened on or after that date.
    SEC. 505. SPECIAL SELECTION REVIEW BOARDS FOR REVIEW OF PROMOTION 
      OF OFFICERS SUBJECT TO ADVERSE INFORMATION IDENTIFIED AFTER 
      RECOMMENDATION FOR PROMOTION AND RELATED MATTERS.
    (a) Regular Officers.--
        (1) In general.--Subchapter III of chapter 36 of title 10, 
    United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 628 the 
    following new section:
``Sec. 628a. Special selection review boards
    ``(a) In General.--(1) If the Secretary of the military department 
concerned determines that a person recommended by a promotion board for 
promotion to a grade at or below the grade of major general, rear 
admiral in the Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space Force is the 
subject of credible information of an adverse nature, including any 
substantiated adverse finding or conclusion described in section 
615(a)(3)(A) of this title, that was not furnished to the promotion 
board during its consideration of the person for promotion as otherwise 
required by such section, the Secretary shall convene a special 
selection review board under this section to review the person and 
recommend whether the recommendation for promotion of the person should 
be sustained.
    ``(2) If a person and the recommendation for promotion of the 
person is subject to review under this section by a special selection 
review board convened under this section, the name of the person--
        ``(A) shall not be disseminated or publicly released on the 
    list of officers recommended for promotion by the promotion board 
    recommending the promotion of the person; and
        ``(B) shall not be forwarded to the Secretary of Defense, the 
    President, or the Senate, as applicable, or included on a promotion 
    list under section 624(a) of this title.
    ``(b) Convening.--(1) Any special selection review board convened 
under this section shall be convened in accordance with the provisions 
of section 628(f) of this title.
    ``(2) Any special selection review board convened under this 
section may review such number of persons, and recommendations for 
promotion of such persons, as the Secretary of the military department 
concerned shall specify in convening such special selection review 
board.
    ``(c) Information Considered.--(1) In reviewing a person and 
recommending whether the recommendation for promotion of the person 
should be sustained under this section, a special selection review 
board convened under this section shall be furnished and consider the 
following:
        ``(A) The record and information concerning the person 
    furnished in accordance with section 615(a)(2) of this title to the 
    promotion board that recommended the person for promotion.
        ``(B) Any credible information of an adverse nature on the 
    person, including any substantiated adverse finding or conclusion 
    from an officially documented investigation or inquiry described in 
    section 615(a)(3)(A) of this title.
    ``(2) The furnishing of information to a special selection review 
board under paragraph (1)(B) shall be governed by the standards and 
procedures referred to in paragraph (3)(C) of section 615(a) of this 
title applicable to the furnishing of information described in 
paragraph (3)(A) of such section to selection boards in accordance with 
that section.
    ``(3)(A) Before information on a person described in paragraph 
(1)(B) is furnished to a special selection review board for purposes of 
this section, the Secretary of the military department concerned shall 
ensure that--
        ``(i) such information is made available to the person; and
        ``(ii) subject to subparagraphs (C) and (D), the person is 
    afforded a reasonable opportunity to submit comments on such 
    information to the special selection review board before its review 
    of the person and the recommendation for promotion of the person 
    under this section.
    ``(B) If information on a person described in paragraph (1)(B) is 
not made available to the person as otherwise required by subparagraph 
(A)(i) due to the classification status of such information, the person 
shall, to the maximum extent practicable, be furnished a summary of 
such information appropriate to the person's authorization for access 
to classified information.
    ``(C)(i) An opportunity to submit comments on information is not 
required for a person under subparagraph (A)(ii) if--
        ``(I) such information was made available to the person in 
    connection with the furnishing of such information under section 
    615(a) of this title to the promotion board that recommended the 
    promotion of the person subject to review under this section; and
        ``(II) the person submitted comments on such information to 
    that promotion board.
    ``(ii) The comments on information of a person described in clause 
(i)(II) shall be furnished to the special selection review board.
    ``(D) A person may waive either or both of the following:
        ``(i) The right to submit comments to a special selection 
    review board under subparagraph (A)(ii).
        ``(ii) The furnishing of comments to a special selection review 
    board under subparagraph (C)(ii).
    ``(d) Consideration.--(1) In considering the record and information 
on a person under this section, the special selection review board 
shall compare such record and information with an appropriate sampling 
of the records of those officers of the same competitive category who 
were recommended for promotion by the promotion board that recommended 
the person for promotion, and an appropriate sampling of the records of 
those officers who were considered by and not recommended for promotion 
by that promotion board.
    ``(2) Records and information shall be presented to a special 
selection review board for purposes of paragraph (1) in a manner that 
does not indicate or disclose the person or persons for whom the 
special selection review board was convened.
    ``(3) In considering whether the recommendation for promotion of a 
person should be sustained under this section, a special selection 
review board shall, to the greatest extent practicable, apply standards 
used by the promotion board that recommended the person for promotion.
    ``(4) The recommendation for promotion of a person may be sustained 
under this section only if the special selection review board 
determines that the person--
        ``(A) ranks on an order of merit created by the special 
    selection review board as better qualified for promotion than the 
    sample officer highest on the order of merit list who was 
    considered by and not recommended for promotion by the promotion 
    board concerned; and
        ``(B) is comparable in qualification for promotion to those 
    sample officers who were recommended for promotion by that 
    promotion board.
    ``(5) A recommendation for promotion of a person may be sustained 
under this section only by a vote of a majority of the members of the 
special selection review board.
    ``(6) If a special selection review board does not sustain a 
recommendation for promotion of a person under this section, the person 
shall be considered to have failed of selection for promotion.
    ``(e) Reports.--(1) Each special selection review board convened 
under this section shall submit to the Secretary of the military 
department concerned a written report, signed by each member of the 
board, containing the name of each person whose recommendation for 
promotion it recommends for sustainment and certifying that the board 
has carefully considered the record and information of each person 
whose name was referred to it.
    ``(2) The provisions of sections 617(b) and 618 of this title apply 
to the report and proceedings of a special selection review board 
convened under this section in the same manner as they apply to the 
report and proceedings of a promotion board convened under section 
611(a) of this title.
    ``(f) Appointment of Persons.--(1) If the report of a special 
selection review board convened under this section recommends the 
sustainment of the recommendation for promotion to the next higher 
grade of a person whose name was referred to it for review under this 
section, and the President approves the report, the person shall, as 
soon as practicable, be appointed to that grade in accordance with 
subsections (b) and (c) of section 624 of this title.
    ``(2) A person who is appointed to the next higher grade as 
described in paragraph (1) shall, upon that appointment, have the same 
date of rank, the same effective date for the pay and allowances of 
that grade, and the same position on the active-duty list as the person 
would have had pursuant to the original recommendation for promotion of 
the promotion board concerned.
    ``(g) Regulations.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations to carry out this section. Such regulations shall apply 
uniformly across the military departments.
    ``(2) Any regulation prescribed by the Secretary of a military 
department to supplement the regulations prescribed pursuant to 
paragraph (1) may not take effect without the approval of the Secretary 
of Defense, in writing.
    ``(h) Promotion Board Defined.--In this section, the term 
`promotion board 'means a selection board convened by the Secretary of 
a military department under section 611(a) of this title.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of subchapter III of chapter 36 of such title is amended by 
    inserting after the item relating to section 628 the following new 
    item:

``628a. Special selection review boards.''.

        (3) Delay in promotion.--Section 624(d) of such title is 
    amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``or'' at the end;
                (ii) in subparagraph (E), by striking the period at the 
            end and inserting ``; or''; and
                (iii) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following 
            new subparagraph (F):
        ``(F) the Secretary of the military department concerned 
    determines that credible information of an adverse nature, 
    including a substantiated adverse finding or conclusion described 
    in section 615(a)(3)(A) of this title, with respect to the officer 
    will result in the convening of a special selection review board 
    under section 628a of this title to review the officer and 
    recommend whether the recommendation for promotion of the officer 
    should be sustained.'';
            (B) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs 
        (4) and (5), respectively;
            (C) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraph (3):
    ``(3) In the case of an officer whose promotion is delayed pursuant 
to paragraph (1)(F) and whose recommendation for promotion is 
sustained, authorities for the promotion of the officer are specified 
in section 628a(f) of this title.''; and
            (D) in paragraph (4), as redesignated by subparagraph (B)--
                (i) by striking ``The appointment'' and inserting ``(A) 
            Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the appointment''; 
            and
                (ii) by adding at the end the following new 
            subparagraph:
    ``(B) In the case of an officer whose promotion is delayed pursuant 
to paragraph (1)(F), requirements applicable to notice and opportunity 
for response to such delay are specified in section 628a(c)(3) of this 
title.''.
    (b) Reserve Officers.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 1407 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by inserting after section 14502 the following new 
    section:
``Sec. 14502a. Special selection review boards
    ``(a) In General.--(1) If the Secretary of the military department 
concerned determines that a person recommended by a promotion board for 
promotion to a grade at or below the grade of major general or rear 
admiral in the Navy is the subject of credible information of an 
adverse nature, including any substantiated adverse finding or 
conclusion described in section 14107(a)(3)(A) of this title, that was 
not furnished to the promotion board during its consideration of the 
person for promotion as otherwise required by such section, the 
Secretary shall convene a special selection review board under this 
section to review the person and recommend whether the recommendation 
for promotion of the person should be sustained.
    ``(2) If a person and the recommendation for promotion of the 
person is subject to review under this section by a special selection 
review board convened under this section, the name of the person--
        ``(A) shall not be disseminated or publicly released on the 
    list of officers recommended for promotion by the promotion board 
    recommending the promotion of the person; and
        ``(B) shall not be forwarded to the Secretary of Defense, the 
    President, or the Senate, as applicable, or included on a promotion 
    list under section 14308(a) of this title.
    ``(b) Convening.--(1) Any special selection review board convened 
under this section shall be convened in accordance with the provisions 
of section 14502(b)(2) of this title.
    ``(2) Any special selection review board convened under this 
section may review such number of persons, and recommendations for 
promotion of such persons, as the Secretary of the military department 
concerned shall specify in convening such special selection review 
board.
    ``(c) Information Considered.--(1) In reviewing a person and 
recommending whether the recommendation for promotion of the person 
should be sustained under this section, a special selection review 
board convened under this section shall be furnished and consider the 
following:
        ``(A) The record and information concerning the person 
    furnished in accordance with section 14107(a)(2) of this title to 
    the promotion board that recommended the person for promotion.
        ``(B) Any credible information of an adverse nature on the 
    person, including any substantiated adverse finding or conclusion 
    from an officially documented investigation or inquiry described in 
    section 14107(a)(3)(A) of this title.
    ``(2) The furnishing of information to a special selection review 
board under paragraph (1)(B) shall be governed by the standards and 
procedures referred to in paragraph (3)(B) of section 14107(a) of this 
title applicable to the furnishing of information described in 
paragraph (3)(A) of such section to promotion boards in accordance with 
that section.
    ``(3)(A) Before information on person described in paragraph (1)(B) 
is furnished to a special selection review board for purposes of this 
section, the Secretary of the military department concerned shall 
ensure that--
        ``(i) such information is made available to the person; and
        ``(ii) subject to subparagraphs (C) and (D), the person is 
    afforded a reasonable opportunity to submit comments on such 
    information to the special selection review board before its review 
    of the person and the recommendation for promotion of the person 
    under this section.
    ``(B) If information on an officer described in paragraph (1)(B) is 
not made available to the person as otherwise required by subparagraph 
(A)(i) due to the classification status of such information, the person 
shall, to the maximum extent practicable, be furnished a summary of 
such information appropriate to the person's authorization for access 
to classified information.
    ``(C)(i) An opportunity to submit comments on information is not 
required for a person under subparagraph (A)(ii) if--
        ``(I) such information was made available to the person in 
    connection with the furnishing of such information under section 
    14107(a) of this title to the promotion board that recommended the 
    promotion of the person subject to review under this section; and
        ``(II) the person submitted comments on such information to 
    that promotion board.
    ``(ii) The comments on information of a person described in clause 
(i)(II) shall be furnished to the special selection review board.
    ``(D) A person may waive either or both of the following:
        ``(i) The right to submit comments to a special selection 
    review board under subparagraph (A)(ii).
        ``(ii) The furnishing of comments to a special selection review 
    board under subparagraph (C)(ii).
    ``(d) Consideration.--(1) In considering the record and information 
on a person under this section, the special selection review board 
shall compare such record and information with an appropriate sampling 
of the records of those officers of the same competitive category who 
were recommended for promotion by the promotion board that recommended 
the person for promotion, and an appropriate sampling of the records of 
those officers who were considered by and not recommended for promotion 
by that promotion board.
    ``(2) Records and information shall be presented to a special 
selection review board for purposes of paragraph (1) in a manner that 
does not indicate or disclose the person or persons for whom the 
special selection review board was convened.
    ``(3) In considering whether the recommendation for promotion of a 
person should be sustained under this section, a special selection 
review board shall, to the greatest extent practicable, apply standards 
used by the promotion board that recommended the person for promotion.
    ``(4) The recommendation for promotion of a person may be sustained 
under this section only if the special selection review board 
determines that the person--
        ``(A) ranks on an order of merit created by the special 
    selection review board as better qualified for promotion than the 
    sample officer highest on the order of merit list who was 
    considered by and not recommended for promotion by the promotion 
    board concerned; and
        ``(B) is comparable in qualification for promotion to those 
    sample officers who were recommended for promotion by that 
    promotion board.
    ``(5) A recommendation for promotion of a person may be sustained 
under this section only by a vote of a majority of the members of the 
special selection review board.
    ``(6) If a special selection review board does not sustain a 
recommendation for promotion of a person under this section, the person 
shall be considered to have failed of selection for promotion.
    ``(e) Reports.--(1) Each special selection review board convened 
under this section shall submit to the Secretary of the military 
department concerned a written report, signed by each member of the 
board, containing the name of each person whose recommendation for 
promotion it recommends for sustainment and certifying that the board 
has carefully considered the record and information of each person 
whose name was referred to it.
    ``(2) The provisions of sections 14109(c), 14110, and 14111 of this 
title apply to the report and proceedings of a special selection review 
board convened under this section in the same manner as they apply to 
the report and proceedings of a promotion board convened under section 
14101(a) of this title.
    ``(f) Appointment of Persons.--(1) If the report of a special 
selection review board convened under this section recommends the 
sustainment of the recommendation for promotion to the next higher 
grade of a person whose name was referred to it for review under this 
section, and the President approves the report, the person shall, as 
soon as practicable, be appointed to that grade in accordance with 
section 14308 of this title.
    ``(2) A person who is appointed to the next higher grade as 
described in paragraph (1) shall, upon that appointment, have the same 
date of rank, the same effective date for the pay and allowances of 
that grade, and the same position on the reserve active-status list as 
the person would have had pursuant to the original recommendation for 
promotion of the promotion board concerned.
    ``(g) Regulations.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations to carry out this section. Such regulations shall apply 
uniformly across the military departments.
    ``(2) Any regulation prescribed by the Secretary of a military 
department to supplement the regulations prescribed pursuant to 
paragraph (1) may not take effect without the approval of the Secretary 
of Defense, in writing.
    ``(h) Promotion Board Defined.--In this section, the term 
`promotion board 'means a selection board convened by the Secretary of 
a military department under section 14101(a) of this title.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 1407 of such title is amended by inserting after the 
    item relating to section 14502 the following new item:

``14502a. Special selection review boards.''.

        (3) Delay in promotion.--Section 14311 of such title is 
    amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)--
                (i) in paragraph (1), by adding at the end the 
            following new subparagraph:
        ``(F) The Secretary of the military department concerned 
    determines that credible information of adverse nature, including a 
    substantiated adverse finding or conclusion described in section 
    14107(a)(3)(A) of this title, with respect to the officer will 
    result in the convening of a special selection review board under 
    section 14502a of this title to review the officer and recommend 
    whether the recommendation for promotion of the officer should be 
    sustained.''; and
                (ii) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) In the case of an officer whose promotion is delayed pursuant 
to paragraph (1)(F) and whose recommendation for promotion is 
sustained, authorities for the promotion of the officer are specified 
in section 14502a(f) of this title.''; and
            (B) in subsection (c), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
    ``(3) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (2), in the case of an 
officer whose promotion is delayed pursuant to subsection (a)(1)(F), 
requirements applicable to notice and opportunity for response to such 
delay are specified in section 14502a(c)(3) of this title.''.
    (c) Requirements for Furnishing Adverse Information on Regular 
Officers to Promotion Selection Boards.--
        (1) Extension of requirements to space force regular 
    officers.--Subparagraph (B)(i) of section 615(a)(3) of title 10, 
    United States Code, is amended by striking ``or, in the case of the 
    Navy, lieutenant'' and inserting ``, in the case of the Navy, 
    lieutenant, or in the case of the Space Force, the equivalent 
    grade''.
        (2) Satisfaction of requirements through special selection 
    review boards.--Such section is further amended by adding at the 
    end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(D) With respect to the consideration of an officer for promotion 
to a grade at or below major general, in the case of the Navy, rear 
admiral, or, in the case of the Space Force, the equivalent grade, the 
requirements in subparagraphs (A) and (C) may be met through the 
convening and actions of a special selection review board with respect 
to the officer under section 628a of this title.''.
        (3) Delayed applicability of requirements to boards for 
    promotion of officers to non-general and flag officer grades.--
    Subsection (c) of section 502 of the National Defense Authorization 
    Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1344) is 
    amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Effective Date and Applicability.--
        ``(1) Effective date.--The amendments made by this section 
    shall take effect on December 20, 2019, and shall, except as 
    provided in paragraph (2), apply with respect to the proceedings of 
    promotion selection boards convened under section 611(a) of title 
    10, United States Code, after that date.
        ``(2) Delayed applicability for boards for promotion to non-
    general and flag officer grades.--The amendments made this section 
    shall apply with respect to the proceedings of promotion selection 
    boards convened under section 611(a) of title 10, United States 
    Code, for consideration of officers for promotion to a grade below 
    the grade of brigadier general or, in the case of the Navy, rear 
    admiral (lower half), only if such boards are so convened after 
    January 1, 2021.''.
    (d) Requirements for Furnishing Adverse Information on Reserve 
Officers to Promotion Selection Boards.--Section 14107(a)(3) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)'';
        (2) in subparagraph (A), as designated by paragraph (1), by 
    striking ``colonel, or, in the case of the Navy, captain'' and 
    inserting ``lieutenant colonel, or, in the case of the Navy, 
    commander''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs
    ``(B) The standards and procedures referred to in subparagraph (A) 
shall require the furnishing to the selection board, and to each 
individual member of the board, the information described in that 
subparagraph with regard to an officer in a grade specified in that 
subparagraph at each stage or phase of the selection board, concurrent 
with the screening, rating, assessment, evaluation, discussion, or 
other consideration by the board or member of the official military 
personnel file of the officer, or of the officer.
    ``(C) With respect to the consideration of an officer for promotion 
to a grade at or below major general or, in the Navy, rear admiral, the 
requirements in subparagraphs (A) and (B) may be met through the 
convening and actions of a special selection board with respect to the 
officer under section 14502a of this title.''.
    SEC. 506. NUMBER OF OPPORTUNITIES FOR CONSIDERATION FOR PROMOTION 
      UNDER ALTERNATIVE PROMOTION AUTHORITY.
    Section 649c of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
    subsection (d):
    ``(d) Inapplicability of Requirement Relating to Opportunities for 
Consideration for Promotion.--Section 645(1)(A)(i)(I) of this title 
shall not apply to the promotion of officers described in subsection 
(a) to the extent that such section is inconsistent with a number of 
opportunities for promotion specified pursuant to section 649d of this 
title.''.
    SEC. 507. MANDATORY RETIREMENT FOR AGE.
    (a) General Rule.--Subsection (a) of section 1251 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``or Marine Corps,'' and inserting ``Marine 
    Corps, or Space Force''; and
        (2) by inserting ``or separated, as specified in subsection 
    (e),'' after ``shall be retired''.
    (b) Deferred Retirement or Separation of Health Professions 
Officers.--Subsection (b) of such section is amended--
        (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``or Separation'' 
    after ``Retirement''; and
        (2) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or separation'' after 
    ``retirement''.
    (c) Deferred Retirement or Separation of Other Officers.--
Subsection (c) of such section is amended--
        (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``of Chaplains'' and 
    inserting ``or Separation of Other Officers'';
        (2) by inserting ``or separation'' after ``retirement''; and
        (3) by striking ``an officer who is appointed or designated as 
    a chaplain'' and inserting ``any officer other than a health 
    professions officer described in subsection (b)(2)''.
    (d) Retirement or Separation Based on Years of Creditable 
Service.--Such section is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(e) Retirement or Separation Based on Years of Creditable 
Service.--(1) The following rules shall apply to a regular commissioned 
officer who is to be retired or separated under subsection (a):
        ``(A) If the officer has at least 6 but fewer than 20 years of 
    creditable service, the officer shall be separated, with separation 
    pay computed under section 1174(d)(1) of this title.
        ``(B) If the officer has fewer than 6 years of creditable 
    service, the officer shall be separated under subsection (a).
    ``(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), in the case of a regular 
commissioned officer who was added to the retired list before the date 
of the enactment of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021, the officer shall be retired, 
with retired pay computed under section 1401 of this title.''.
    SEC. 508. CLARIFYING AND IMPROVING RESTATEMENT OF RULES ON THE 
      RETIRED GRADE OF COMMISSIONED OFFICERS.
    (a) Restatement.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 69 of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended by striking section 1370 and inserting the following new 
    sections:
``Sec. 1370. Regular commissioned officers
    ``(a) Retirement in Highest Grade in Which Served Satisfactorily.--
        ``(1) In general.--Unless entitled to a different retired grade 
    under some other provision of law, a commissioned officer (other 
    than a commissioned warrant officer) of the Army, Navy, Air Force, 
    Marine Corps, or Space Force who retires under any provision of law 
    other than chapter 61 or 1223 of this title shall be retired in the 
    highest permanent grade in which such officer is determined to have 
    served on active duty satisfactorily.
        ``(2) Determination of satisfactory service.--The determination 
    of satisfactory service of an officer in a grade under paragraph 
    (1) shall be made as follows:
            ``(A) By the Secretary of the military department 
        concerned, if the officer is serving in a grade at or below the 
        grade of major general, rear admiral in the Navy, or the 
        equivalent grade in the Space Force.
            ``(B) By the Secretary of Defense, if the officer is 
        serving or has served in a grade above the grade of major 
        general, rear admiral in the Navy, or the equivalent grade in 
        the Space Force.
        ``(3) Effect of misconduct in lower grade in determination.--If 
    the Secretary of a military department or the Secretary of Defense, 
    as applicable, determines that an officer committed misconduct in a 
    lower grade than the retirement grade otherwise provided for the 
    officer by this section--
            ``(A) such Secretary may deem the officer to have not 
        served satisfactorily in any grade equal to or higher than such 
        lower grade for purposes of determining the retirement grade of 
        the officer under this section; and
            ``(B) the grade next lower to such lower grade shall be the 
        retired grade of the officer under this section.
        ``(4) Nature of retirement of certain reserve officers and 
    officers in temporary grades.--A reserve officer, or an officer 
    appointed to a position under section 601 of this title, who is 
    notified that the officer will be released from active duty without 
    the officer's consent and thereafter requests retirement under 
    section 7311, 8323, or 9311 of this title and is retired pursuant 
    to that request is considered for purposes of this section to have 
    been retired involuntarily.
        ``(5) Nature of retirement of certain removed officers.--An 
    officer retired pursuant to section 1186(b)(1) of this title is 
    considered for purposes of this section to have been retired 
    voluntarily.
    ``(b) Retirement of Officers Retiring Voluntarily.--
        ``(1) Service-in-grade requirement.--In order to be eligible 
    for voluntary retirement under any provision of this title in a 
    grade above the grade of captain in the Army, Air Force, or Marine 
    Corps, lieutenant in the Navy, or the equivalent grade in the Space 
    Force, a commissioned officer of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine 
    Corps, or Space Force must have served on active duty in that grade 
    for a period of not less than three years, except that--
            ``(A) subject to subsection (c), the Secretary of Defense 
        may reduce such period to a period of not less than two years 
        for any officer; and
            ``(B) in the case of an officer to be retired in a grade at 
        or below the grade of major general in the Army, Air Force, or 
        Marine Corps, rear admiral in the Navy, or an equivalent grade 
        in the Space Force, the Secretary of Defense may authorize the 
        Secretary of the military department concerned to reduce such 
        period to a period of not less than two years.
        ``(2) Limitation on delegation.--The authority of the Secretary 
    of Defense in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) may not be 
    delegated. The authority of the Secretary of a military department 
    in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1), as delegated to such 
    Secretary pursuant to such subparagraph, may not be further 
    delegated.
        ``(3) Waiver of requirement.--Subject to subsection (c), the 
    President may waive the application of the service-in-grade 
    requirement in paragraph (1) to officers covered by that paragraph 
    in individual cases involving extreme hardship or exceptional or 
    unusual circumstances. The authority of the President under this 
    paragraph may not be delegated.
        ``(4) Limitation on reduction or waiver of requirement for 
    officers under investigation or pending misconduct.--In the case of 
    an officer to be retired in a grade above the grade of colonel in 
    the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, captain in the Navy, or the 
    equivalent grade in the Space Force, the service-in-grade 
    requirement in paragraph (1) may not be reduced pursuant to that 
    paragraph, or waived pursuant to paragraph (3), while the officer 
    is under investigation for alleged misconduct or while there is 
    pending the disposition of an adverse personnel action against the 
    officer.
        ``(5) Grade and fiscal year limitations on reduction or waiver 
    of requirements.--The aggregate number of members of an armed force 
    in a grade for whom reductions are made under paragraph (1), and 
    waivers are made under paragraph (3), in a fiscal year may not 
    exceed--
            ``(A) in the case of officers to be retired in a grade at 
        or below the grade of major in the Army, Air Force, or Marine 
        Corps, lieutenant commander in the Navy, or the equivalent 
        grade in the Space Force, the number equal to two percent of 
        the authorized active-duty strength for that fiscal year for 
        officers of that armed force in that grade;
            ``(B) in the case of officers to be retired in the grade of 
        lieutenant colonel or colonel in the Army, Air Force, or Marine 
        Corps, commander or captain in the Navy, or an equivalent grade 
        in the Space Force, the number equal to four percent of the 
        authorized active-duty strength for that fiscal year for 
        officers of that armed force in the applicable grade; or
            ``(C) in the case of officers to be retired in the grade of 
        brigadier general or major general in the Army, Air Force, or 
        Marine Corps, rear admiral (lower half) or rear admiral in the 
        Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space Force, the number 
        equal to 10 percent of the authorized active-duty strength for 
        that fiscal year for officers of that armed force in the 
        applicable grade.
        ``(6) Notice to congress on reduction or waiver of requirements 
    for general, flag, and equivalent officer grades.--In the case of 
    an officer to be retired in a grade that is a general or flag 
    officer grade, or an equivalent grade in the Space Force, who is 
    eligible to retire in that grade only by reason of an exercise of 
    the authority in paragraph (1) to reduce the service-in-grade 
    requirement in that paragraph, or the authority in paragraph (3) to 
    waive that requirement, the Secretary of Defense or the President, 
    as applicable, shall, not later than 60 days prior to the date on 
    which the officer will be retired in that grade, notify the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives of the exercise of the applicable authority with 
    respect to that officer.
        ``(7) Retirement in next lowest grade for officers not meeting 
    requirement.--An officer described in paragraph (1) whose length of 
    service in the highest grade held by the officer while on active 
    duty does not meet the period of the service-in-grade requirement 
    applicable to the officer under this subsection shall, subject to 
    subsection (c), be retired in the next lower grade in which the 
    officer served on active duty satisfactorily, as determined by the 
    Secretary of the military department concerned or the Secretary of 
    Defense, as applicable.
    ``(c) Officers in O-9 and O-10 Grades.--
        ``(1) In general.--An officer of the Army, Navy, Air Force, 
    Marine Corps, or Space Force who is serving or has served in a 
    position of importance and responsibility designated by the 
    President to carry the grade of lieutenant general or general in 
    the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, vice admiral or admiral in 
    the Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space Force under section 
    601 of this title may be retired in such grade under subsection (a) 
    only after the Secretary of Defense certifies in writing to the 
    President and the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
    the House of Representatives that the officer served on active duty 
    satisfactorily in such grade.
        ``(2) Prohibition on delegation.--The authority of the 
    Secretary of Defense to make a certification with respect to an 
    officer under paragraph (1) may not be delegated.
        ``(3) Requirements in connection with certification.--A 
    certification with respect to an officer under paragraph (1) 
    shall--
            ``(A) be submitted by the Secretary of Defense such that it 
        is received by the President and the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives not 
        later than 60 days prior to the date on which the officer will 
        be retired in the grade concerned;
            ``(B) include an up-to-date copy of the military biography 
        of the officer; and
            ``(C) include the statement of the Secretary as to whether 
        or not potentially adverse, adverse, or reportable information 
        regarding the officer was considered by the Secretary in making 
        the certification.
        ``(4) Construction with other notice.--In the case of an 
    officer under paragraph (1) to whom a reduction in the service-in-
    grade requirement under subsection (b)(1) or waiver under 
    subsection (b)(3) applies, the requirement for notification under 
    subsection (b)(6) is satisfied if the notification is included in 
    the certification submitted by the Secretary of Defense under 
    paragraph (1).
    ``(d) Conditional Retirement Grade and Retirement for Officers 
Pending Investigation or Adverse Action.--
        ``(1) In general.--When an officer serving in a grade at or 
    below the grade of major general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine 
    Corps, rear admiral in the Navy, or an equivalent grade in the 
    Space Force is under investigation for alleged misconduct or 
    pending the disposition of an adverse personnel action at the time 
    of retirement, the Secretary of the military department concerned 
    may--
            ``(A) conditionally determine the highest permanent grade 
        of satisfactory service on active duty of the officer pending 
        completion of the investigation or resolution of the personnel 
        action, as applicable; and
            ``(B) retire the officer in that conditional grade, subject 
        to subsection (e).
        ``(2) Officers in o-9 and o-10 grades.--When an officer 
    described by subsection (c)(1) is under investigation for alleged 
    misconduct or pending the disposition of an adverse personnel 
    action at the time of retirement, the Secretary of Defense may--
            ``(A) conditionally determine the highest permanent grade 
        of satisfactory service on active duty of the officer, pending 
        completion of the investigation or personnel action, as 
        applicable; and
            ``(B) retire the officer in that conditional grade, subject 
        to subsection (e).
        ``(3) Reduction or waiver of service-in-grade requirement 
    prohibited for general, flag, and equivalent officer grades.--In 
    conditionally determining the retirement grade of an officer under 
    paragraph (1)(A) or (2)(A) of this subsection to be a grade above 
    the grade of colonel in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, 
    captain in the Navy, or the equivalent grade in the Space Force, 
    the service-in-grade requirement in subsection (b)(1) may not be 
    reduced pursuant to subsection (b)(1) or waived pursuant to 
    subsection (b)(3).
        ``(4) Prohibition on delegation.--The authority of the 
    Secretary of a military department under paragraph (1) may not be 
    delegated. The authority of the Secretary of Defense under 
    paragraph (2) may not be delegated.
    ``(e) Final Retirement Grade Following Resolution of Pending 
Investigation or Adverse Action.--
        ``(1) No change from conditional retirement grade.--If the 
    resolution of an investigation or personnel action with respect to 
    an officer who has been retired in a conditional retirement grade 
    pursuant to subsection (d) results in a determination that the 
    conditional retirement grade in which the officer was retired will 
    not be changed, the conditional retirement grade of the officer 
    shall, subject to paragraph (3), be the final retired grade of the 
    officer.
        ``(2) Change from conditional retirement grade.--If the 
    resolution of an investigation or personnel action with respect to 
    an officer who has been retired in a conditional retirement grade 
    pursuant to subsection (d) results in a determination that the 
    conditional retirement grade in which the officer was retired 
    should be changed, the changed retirement grade shall be the final 
    retired grade of the officer under this section, except that if the 
    final retirement grade provided for an officer pursuant to this 
    paragraph is the grade of lieutenant general or general in the 
    Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, vice admiral or admiral in the 
    Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space Force, the requirements 
    in subsection (c) shall apply in connection with the retirement of 
    the officer in such final retirement grade.
        ``(3) Recalculation of retired pay.--
            ``(A) In general.--If the final retired grade of an officer 
        is as a result of a change under paragraph (2), the retired pay 
        of the officer under chapter 71 of this title shall be 
        recalculated accordingly, with any modification of the retired 
        pay of the officer to go into effect as of the date of the 
        retirement of the officer.
            ``(B) Payment of higher amount for period of conditional 
        retirement grade.--If the recalculation of the retired pay of 
        an officer results in an increase in retired pay, the officer 
        shall be paid the amount by which such increased retired pay 
        exceeded the amount of retired pay paid the officer for 
        retirement in the officer's conditional grade during the period 
        beginning on the date of the retirement of the officer in such 
        conditional grade and ending on the effective date of the 
        change of the officer's retired grade. For an officer whose 
        retired grade is determined pursuant to subsection (c), the 
        effective date of the change of the officer's retired grade for 
        purposes of this subparagraph shall be the date that is 60 days 
        after the date on which the Secretary of Defense submits to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives the certification required by subsection (c) in 
        connection with the retired grade of the officer.
            ``(C) Recoupment of overage during period of conditional 
        retirement grade.--If the recalculation of the retired pay of 
        an officer results in a decrease in retired pay, there shall be 
        recouped from the officer the amount by which the amount of 
        retired pay paid the officer for retirement in the officer's 
        conditional grade exceeded such decreased retired pay during 
        the period beginning on the date of the retirement of the 
        officer in such conditional grade and ending on the effective 
        date of the change of the officer's retired grade.
    ``(f) Finality of Retired Grade Determinations.--
        ``(1) In general.--Except for a conditional determination 
    authorized by subsection (d), a determination of the retired grade 
    of an officer pursuant to this section is administratively final on 
    the day the officer is retired, and may not be reopened, except as 
    provided in paragraph (2).
        ``(2) Reopening.--A final determination of the retired grade of 
    an officer may be reopened as follows:
            ``(A) If the retirement or retired grade of the officer was 
        procured by fraud.
            ``(B) If substantial evidence comes to light after the 
        retirement that could have led to determination of a different 
        retired grade under this section if known by competent 
        authority at the time of retirement.
            ``(C) If a mistake of law or calculation was made in the 
        determination of the retired grade.
            ``(D) If the applicable Secretary determines, pursuant to 
        regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, that good 
        cause exists to reopen the determination of retired grade.
        ``(3) Applicable secretary.--For purposes of this subsection, 
    the applicable Secretary for purposes of a determination or action 
    specified in this subsection is--
            ``(A) the Secretary of the military department concerned, 
        in the case of an officer retired in a grade at or below the 
        grade of major general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, 
        rear admiral in the Navy, or the equivalent grade in the Space 
        Force; or
            ``(B) the Secretary of Defense, in the case of an officer 
        retired in a grade of lieutenant general or general in the 
        Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, vice admiral or admiral in 
        the Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space Force.
        ``(4) Notice and limitation.--If a final determination of the 
    retired grade of an officer is reopened in accordance with 
    paragraph (2), the applicable Secretary--
            ``(A) shall notify the officer of the reopening; and
            ``(B) may not make an adverse determination on the retired 
        grade of the officer until the officer has had a reasonable 
        opportunity to respond regarding the basis for the reopening of 
        the officer's retired grade.
        ``(5) Additional notice on reopening for officers retired in o-
    9 and o-10 grades.--If the determination of the retired grade of an 
    officer whose retired grade was provided for pursuant to subsection 
    (c) is reopened, the Secretary of Defense shall also notify the 
    President and the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
    the House of Representatives.
        ``(6) Manner of making of change.--If the retired grade of an 
    officer is proposed to be changed through the reopening of the 
    final determination of an officer's retired grade under this 
    subsection, the change in grade shall be made--
            ``(A) in the case of an officer whose retired grade is to 
        be changed to a grade at or below the grade of major general in 
        the Army, Air Force or Marine Corps, rear admiral in the Navy, 
        or the equivalent grade in the Space Force, in accordance with 
        subsections (a) and (b)--
                ``(i) by the Secretary of Defense (who may delegate 
            such authority only as authorized by clause (ii)); or
                ``(ii) if authorized by the Secretary of Defense, by 
            the Secretary of the military department concerned (who may 
            not further delegate such authority);
            ``(B) in the case of an officer whose retired grade is to 
        be changed to the grade of lieutenant general or general in the 
        Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, vice admiral or admiral in 
        the Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space Force, by the 
        President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
        ``(7) Recalculation of retired pay.--If the final retired grade 
    of an officer is changed through the reopening of the officer's 
    retired grade under this subsection, the retired pay of the officer 
    under chapter 71 of this title shall be recalculated. Any 
    modification of the retired pay of the officer as a result of the 
    change shall go into effect on the effective date of the change of 
    the officer's retired grade, and the officer shall not be entitled 
    or subject to any changed amount of retired pay for any period 
    before such effective date. An officer whose retired grade is 
    changed as provided in paragraph (6)(B) shall not be entitled or 
    subject to a change in retired pay for any period before the date 
    on which the Senate provides advice and consent for the retirement 
    of the officer in such grade.
    ``(g) Highest Permanent Grade Defined.--In this section, the term 
`highest permanent grade' means a grade at or below the grade of major 
general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, rear admiral in the 
Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space Force.
``Sec. 1370a. Officers entitled to retired pay for non-regular service
    ``(a) Retirement in Highest Grade Held Satisfactorily.--Unless 
entitled to a different grade, or to credit for satisfactory service in 
a different grade under some other provision of law, a person who is 
entitled to retired pay under chapter 1223 of this title shall, upon 
application under section 12731 of this title, be credited with 
satisfactory service in the highest permanent grade in which that 
person served satisfactorily at any time in the armed forces, as 
determined by the Secretary of the military department concerned in 
accordance with this section.
    ``(b) Service-in-grade Requirement for Officers in Grades Below O-
5.--In order to be credited with satisfactory service in an officer 
grade (other than a warrant officer grade) below the grade of 
lieutenant colonel or commander (in the case of the Navy), a person 
covered by subsection (a) must have served satisfactorily in that grade 
(as determined by the Secretary of the military department concerned) 
as a reserve commissioned officer in an active status, or in a retired 
status on active duty, for not less than six months.
    ``(c) Service-in-grade Requirement for Offices in Grades Above O-
4.--
        ``(1) In general.--In order to be credited with satisfactory 
    service in an officer grade above major or lieutenant commander (in 
    the case of the Navy), a person covered by subsection (a) must have 
    served satisfactorily in that grade (as determined by the Secretary 
    of the military department concerned) as a reserve commissioned 
    officer in an active status, or in a retired status on active duty, 
    for not less than three years.
        ``(2) Satisfaction of requirement by certain officers not 
    completing three years.--A person covered by paragraph (1) who has 
    completed at least six months of satisfactory service in grade may 
    be credited with satisfactory service in the grade in which serving 
    at the time of transfer or discharge, notwithstanding failure of 
    the person to complete three years of service in that grade, if the 
    person is transferred from an active status or discharged as a 
    reserve commissioned officer--
            ``(A) solely due to the requirements of a nondiscretionary 
        provision of law requiring that transfer or discharge due to 
        the person's age or years of service; or
            ``(B) because the person no longer meets the qualifications 
        for membership in the Ready Reserve solely because of a 
        physical disability, as determined in accordance with chapter 
        61 of this title, and at the time of such transfer or discharge 
        the person (pursuant to section 12731b of this title or 
        otherwise) meets the service requirements established by 
        section 12731(a) of this title for eligibility for retired pay 
        under chapter 1223 of this title, unless the disability is 
        described in section 12731b of this title.
        ``(3) Reduction in service-in-grade requirements.--
            ``(A) Officers in grades below general and flag officer 
        grades.--In the case of a person to be retired in a grade below 
        brigadier general or rear admiral (lower half) in the Navy, the 
        Secretary of Defense may authorize the Secretary of a military 
        department to reduce, subject to subparagraph (B), the three-
        year period of service-in-grade required by paragraph (1) to a 
        period not less than two years. The authority of the Secretary 
        of a military department under this subparagraph may not be 
        delegated.
            ``(B) Limitation.--The number of reserve commissioned 
        officers of an armed force in the same grade for whom a 
        reduction is made under subparagraph (A) during any fiscal year 
        in the period of service-in-grade otherwise required by 
        paragraph (1) may not exceed the number equal to 2 percent of 
        the strength authorized for that fiscal year for reserve 
        commissioned officers of that armed force in an active status 
        in that grade.
            ``(C) Officers in general and flag officers grades.--The 
        Secretary of Defense may reduce the three-year period of 
        service-in-grade required by paragraph (1) to a period not less 
        than two years for any person, including a person who, upon 
        transfer to the Retired Reserve or discharge, is to be credited 
        with satisfactory service in a general or flag officer grade 
        under that paragraph. The authority of the Secretary of Defense 
        under this subparagraph may not be delegated.
            ``(D) Notice to congress on reduction in service-in-grade 
        requirements for general and flag officer grades.--In the case 
        of a person to be credited under this section with satisfactory 
        service in a grade that is a general or flag officer grade who 
        is eligible to be credited with such service in that grade only 
        by reason of an exercise of authority in subparagraph (C) to 
        reduce the three-year service-in-grade requirement otherwise 
        applicable under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall, 
        not later than 60 days prior to the date on which the person 
        will be credited with such satisfactory service in that grade, 
        notify the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
        House of Representatives of the exercise of authority in 
        subparagraph (C) with respect to that person.
        ``(4) Officers serving in grades above o-6 involuntarily 
    transferred from active status.--A person covered by paragraph (1) 
    who has completed at least six months of satisfactory service in a 
    grade above colonel or (in the case of the Navy) captain and, while 
    serving in an active status in such grade, is involuntarily 
    transferred (other than for cause) from active status may be 
    credited with satisfactory service in the grade in which serving at 
    the time of such transfer, notwithstanding failure of the person to 
    complete three years of service in that grade.
        ``(5) Adjutants and assistant adjutants general.--If a person 
    covered by paragraph (1) has completed at least six months of 
    satisfactory service in grade, the person was serving in that grade 
    while serving in a position of adjutant general required under 
    section 314 of title 32 or while serving in a position of assistant 
    adjutant general subordinate to such a position of adjutant 
    general, and the person has failed to complete three years of 
    service in that grade solely because the person's appointment to 
    such position has been terminated or vacated as described in 
    section 324(b) of such title, the person may be credited with 
    satisfactory service in that grade, notwithstanding the failure of 
    the person to complete three years of service in that grade.
        ``(6) Officers recommended for promotion serving in certain 
    grade before promotion.--To the extent authorized by the Secretary 
    of the military department concerned, a person who, after having 
    been recommended for promotion in a report of a promotion board but 
    before being promoted to the recommended grade, served in a 
    position for which that grade is the minimum authorized grade may 
    be credited for purposes of paragraph (1) as having served in that 
    grade for the period for which the person served in that position 
    while in the next lower grade. The period credited may not include 
    any period before the date on which the Senate provides advice and 
    consent for the appointment of that person in the recommended 
    grade.
        ``(7) Officers qualified for federal recognition serving in 
    certain grade before appointment.--To the extent authorized by the 
    Secretary of the military department concerned, a person who, after 
    having been found qualified for Federal recognition in a higher 
    grade by a board under section 307 of title 32, serves in a 
    position for which that grade is the minimum authorized grade and 
    is appointed as a reserve officer in that grade may be credited for 
    the purposes of paragraph (1) as having served in that grade. The 
    period of the service for which credit is afforded under the 
    preceding sentence may be only the period for which the person 
    served in the position after the Senate provides advice and consent 
    for the appointment.
        ``(8) Retirement in next lowest grade for officers not meeting 
    service-in-grade requirements.--A person whose length of service in 
    the highest grade held does not meet the service-in-grade 
    requirements specified in this subsection shall be credited with 
    satisfactory service in the next lower grade in which that person 
    served satisfactorily (as determined by the Secretary of the 
    military department concerned) for not less than six months.
    ``(d) Officers in O-9 and O-10 Grades.--
        ``(1) In general.--A person covered by this section in the 
    Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps who is serving or has served 
    in a position of importance and responsibility designated by the 
    President to carry the grade of lieutenant general or general in 
    the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, or vice admiral or admiral in 
    the Navy under section 601 of this title may be retired in such 
    grade under subsection (a) only after the Secretary of Defense 
    certifies in writing to the President and the Committees on Armed 
    Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives that the 
    officer served satisfactorily in such grade.
        ``(2) Prohibition on delegation.--The authority of the 
    Secretary of Defense to make a certification with respect to an 
    officer under paragraph (1) may not be delegated.
        ``(3) Requirements in connection with certification.--A 
    certification with respect to an officer under paragraph (1) 
    shall--
            ``(A) be submitted by the Secretary of Defense such that it 
        is received by the President and the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives not 
        later than 60 days prior to the date on which the officer will 
        be retired in the grade concerned;
            ``(B) include an up-to-date copy of the military biography 
        of the officer; and
            ``(C) include the statement of the Secretary as to whether 
        or not potentially adverse, adverse, or reportable information 
        regarding the officer was considered by the Secretary in making 
        the certification.
        ``(4) Construction with other notice.--In the case of an 
    officer under paragraph (1) who is eligible to be credited with 
    service in a grade only by reason of the exercise of the authority 
    in subsection (c)(3)(C) to reduce the three-year service-in-grade 
    requirement under subsection (c)(1), the requirement for 
    notification under subsection (c)(3)(D) is satisfied if the 
    notification is included in the certification submitted by the 
    Secretary of Defense under paragraph (1).
    ``(e) Conditional Retirement Grade and Retirement for Officers 
Under Investigation for Misconduct or Pending Adverse Personnel 
Action.--The retirement grade, and retirement, of a person covered by 
this section who is under investigation for alleged misconduct or 
pending the disposition of an adverse personnel action at the time of 
retirement is as provided for by section 1370(d) of this title. In the 
application of such section 1370(d) for purposes of this subsection, 
any reference `active duty' shall be deemed not to apply, and any 
reference to a provision of section 1370 of this title shall be deemed 
to be a reference to the analogous provision of this section.
    ``(f) Final Retirement Grade Following Resolution of Pending 
Investigation or Adverse Action.--The final retirement grade under this 
section of a person described in subsection (e) following resolution of 
the investigation or personnel action concerned is the final retirement 
grade provided for by section 1370(e) of this title. In the application 
of such section 1370(e) for purposes of this subsection, any reference 
to a provision of section 1370 of this title shall be deemed to be a 
reference to the analogous provision of this section. In the 
application of paragraph (3) of such section 1370e(e) for purposes of 
this subsection, the reference to `chapter 71' of this title shall be 
deemed to be a reference to `chapter 1223 of this title'.
    ``(g) Finality of Retired Grade Determinations.--
        ``(1) In general.--Except for a conditional determination 
    authorized by subsection (e), a determination of the retired grade 
    of a person pursuant to this section is administratively final on 
    the day the person is retired, and may not be reopened.
        ``(2) Reopening.--A determination of the retired grade of a 
    person may be reopened in accordance with applicable provisions of 
    section 1370(f) of this title. In the application of such section 
    1370(f) for purposes of this subsection, any reference to a 
    provision of section 1370 of this title shall be deemed to be a 
    reference to the analogous provision of this section. In the 
    application of paragraph (7) of such section 1370(f) for purposes 
    of this paragraph, the reference to `chapter 71 of this title' 
    shall be deemed to be a reference to `chapter 1223 of this title'.
    ``(h) Highest Permanent Grade Defined.--In this section, the term 
`highest permanent grade' means a grade at or below the grade of major 
general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps or rear admiral in the 
Navy.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 69 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
    striking the item relating to section 1370 and inserting the 
    following new items:

``1370. Regular commissioned officers.
``1370a. Officers entitled to retired pay for non-regular service.''.

    (b) Conforming and Technical Amendments to Retired Grade Rules for 
the Armed Forces.--
        (1) Retired pay.--Title 10, United States Code, is amended as 
    follows:
            (A) In section 1406(b)(2), by striking ``section 1370(d)'' 
        and inserting ``section 1370a''.
            (B) In section 1407(f)(2)(B), by striking ``by reason of 
        denial of a determination or certification under section 1370'' 
        and inserting ``pursuant to section 1370 or 1370a''.
        (2) Army.--Section 7341 of such title is amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following 
        new subsection (a):
    ``(a)(1) The retired grade of a regular commissioned officer of the 
Army who retires other than for physical disability is determined under 
section 1370 of this title.
    ``(2) The retired grade of a reserve commissioned officer of the 
Army who retires other than for physical disability is determined under 
section 1370a of this title.''; and
            (B) in subsection (b)--
                (i) by striking ``he'' and inserting ``the member''; 
            and
                (ii) by striking ``his'' and inserting ``the 
            member's''.
        (3) Navy and marine corps.--Such title is further amended as 
    follows:
            (A) In section 8262(a), by striking ``sections 689 and 
        1370'' and inserting ``section 689, and section 1370 or 1370a 
        (as applicable),''.
            (B) In section 8323(c), by striking ``section 1370 of this 
        title'' and inserting ``section 1370 or 1370a of this title, as 
        applicable''.
        (4) Air force and space force.--Section 9341 of such title is 
    amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following 
        new subsection (a):
    ``(a)(1) The retired grade of a regular commissioned officer of the 
Air Force or the Space Force who retires other than for physical 
disability is determined under section 1370 of this title.
    ``(2) The retired grade of a reserve commissioned officer of the 
Air Force or the Space Force who retires other than for physical 
disability is determined under section 1370a of this title.''; and
            (B) in subsection (b)--
                (i) by inserting ``or a Regular or Reserve of the Space 
            Force'' after ``Air Force'';
                (ii) by striking ``he'' and inserting ``the member''; 
            and
                (iii) by striking ``his'' and inserting ``the 
            member's''.
        (5) Reserve officers.--Section 12771 of such title is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``section 1370(d)'' and 
        inserting ``section 1370a of this title''; and
            (B) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``section 1370(d)'' 
        and inserting ``section 1370a''.
    (c) Other References.--In the determination of the retired grade of 
a commissioned officer of the Armed Forces entitled to retired pay 
under chapter 1223 of title 10, United States Code, who retires after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, any reference in a provision of 
law or regulation to section 1370 of title 10, United States Code, in 
such determination with respect to such officer shall be deemed to be a 
reference to section 1370a of title 10, United States Code (as amended 
by subsection (a)).
    SEC. 509. REPEAL OF AUTHORITY FOR ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT OF REGULAR 
      NAVY OFFICERS DESIGNATED FOR ENGINEERING DUTY, AERONAUTICAL 
      ENGINEERING DUTY, AND SPECIAL DUTY.
    (a) Repeal.--Section 8137 of title 10, United States Code, is 
repealed.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 815 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 8137.
SEC. 509A. PERMANENT PROGRAMS ON DIRECT COMMISSIONS TO CYBER POSITIONS.
    (a) Permanent Programs.--Section 509 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2109; 10 U.S.C. 503 note) is amended--
        (1) in the subsection heading of subsection (a), by striking 
    ``Pilot'';
        (2) by striking ``pilot'' each place it appears; and
        (3) by striking subsections (d) and (e).
    (b) Heading Amendment.--The heading of such section is amended to 
read as follows:
    ``SEC. 509. PROGRAMS ON DIRECT COMMISSIONS TO CYBER POSITIONS.''.
SEC. 509B. REVIEW OF SEAMAN TO ADMIRAL-21 PROGRAM.
    (a) Review.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy shall review the 
    policies and procedures for the Seaman to Admiral-21 program in 
    effect during fiscal years 2010 through 2014.
        (2) Elements.--The elements of the review shall include the 
    following:
            (A) A determination whether officer candidates selected for 
        the Seaman to Admiral-21 program after October 28, 2009, and 
        before 30 September 2014, were notified or otherwise informed 
        that they would not receive retirement credit for the months of 
        active service used in pursuit of a baccalaureate-level degree 
        under the program following completion of the program and upon 
        appointment to the grade of ensign in the Navy.
            (B) An explanation of how and when the Navy implemented the 
        requirements of former section 6328(c) of title 10, United 
        States Code (currently section 8328(c) of that title) for 
        Seaman to Admiral-21 participants.
            (C) The number of personnel who were selected for the 
        Seaman to Admiral-21 program, completed a baccalaureate-level 
        degree, and were appointed as an ensign in the Navy under the 
        program from fiscal years 2010 through 2014.
            (D) A determination whether the personnel described in 
        subparagraph (C) should be eligible for retirement credit for 
        the months of active service spent in pursuit of a 
        baccalaureate-level degree.
    (b) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
results of the review under subsection (a).
    (c) Deadline.--The Secretary of the Navy shall carry out this 
section by not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

    SEC. 511. TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO ORDER RETIRED MEMBERS TO ACTIVE 
      DUTY IN HIGH-DEMAND, LOW-DENSITY ASSIGNMENTS DURING WAR OR 
      NATIONAL EMERGENCY.
    Section 688a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
    subsection (g):
    ``(g) Exceptions During Periods of War or National Emergency.--The 
limitations in subsections (c) and (f) shall not apply during a time of 
war or of national emergency declared by Congress or the President.''.
    SEC. 512. EXPANSION OF JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS 
      PROGRAM.
    Section 2031(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting after ``service to the United States'' the following: 
``(including an introduction to service opportunities in military, 
national, and public service)''.
    SEC. 513. GRANTS TO SUPPORT STEM EDUCATION IN THE JUNIOR RESERVE 
      OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.
    (a) Program Authority.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 102 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2036. Grants to support science, technology, engineering, and 
    mathematics education
    ``(a) Authority.--The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary 
of Education, may carry out a program to make grants to eligible 
entities to assist such entities in providing education in covered 
subjects to students in the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
    ``(b) Coordination.--In carrying out a program under subsection 
(a), the Secretary may coordinate with the following:
        ``(1) The Director of the National Science Foundation.
        ``(2) The Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space 
    Administration.
        ``(3) The heads of such other Federal, State, and local 
    government entities the Secretary of Defense determines to be 
    appropriate.
    ``(c) Activities.--Activities funded with grants under this section 
may include the following:
        ``(1) Training and other support for instructors to teach 
    courses in covered subjects to students.
        ``(2) The acquisition of materials, hardware, and software 
    necessary for the instruction of covered subjects.
        ``(3) Activities that improve the quality of educational 
    materials, training opportunities, and curricula available to 
    students and instructors in covered subjects.
        ``(4) Development of travel opportunities, demonstrations, 
    mentoring programs, and informal education in covered subjects for 
    students and instructors.
        ``(5) Students' pursuit of certifications in covered subjects.
    ``(d) Preference.--In making any grants under this section, the 
Secretary shall give preference to eligible entities that are eligible 
for assistance under part A of title I of the Elementary and Secondary 
Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6311 et seq.).
    ``(e) Evaluations.--In carrying out a program under this section, 
the Secretary shall establish outcome-based metrics and internal and 
external assessments to evaluate the merits and benefits of the 
activities funded with grants under this section with respect to the 
needs of the Department of Defense.
    ``(f) Authorities.--In carrying out a program under this section, 
the Secretary shall, to the extent practicable, make use of the 
authorities under chapter 111 and sections 2601 and 2605 of this title, 
and other authorities the Secretary determines appropriate.
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `eligible entity' means a local education agency 
    that hosts a unit of the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
        ``(2) The term `covered subjects' means--
            ``(A) science;
            ``(B) technology;
            ``(C) engineering;
            ``(D) mathematics;
            ``(E) computer science;
            ``(F) computational thinking;
            ``(G) artificial intelligence;
            ``(H) machine learning;
            ``(I) data science;
            ``(J) cybersecurity;
            ``(K) robotics;
            ``(L) health sciences; and
            ``(M) other subjects determined by the Secretary of Defense 
        to be related to science, technology, engineering, and 
        mathematics.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 102 of such title is amended by adding at the end the 
    following new item:

``2036. Grants to support science, technology, engineering, and 
          mathematics education.''.

    (b) Report.--Not later than two years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
a report on any activities carried out under section 2036 of title 10, 
United States Code (as added by subsection (a)).
    SEC. 514. PERMANENT SUICIDE PREVENTION AND RESILIENCE PROGRAM FOR 
      THE RESERVE COMPONENTS.
    Section 10219 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking subsection (h).
    SEC. 515. MODIFICATION OF EDUCATION LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAM FOR 
      MEMBERS OF SELECTED RESERVE.
    (a) Modification of Maximum Repayment Amount.--Section 16301(b) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``$500'' and 
inserting ``$1,000''.
    (b) Effective Date and Applicability.--The amendment made by 
subsection (a) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this 
Act and shall apply with respect to loan repayment under section 16301 
of title 10, United States Code, for eligible years of service 
completed on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 516. INCLUSION OF DRILL OR TRAINING FOREGONE DUE TO EMERGENCY 
      TRAVEL OR DUTY RESTRICTIONS IN COMPUTATIONS OF ENTITLEMENT TO AND 
      AMOUNTS OF RETIRED PAY FOR NON-REGULAR SERVICE.
    (a) Entitlement to Retired Pay.--Section 12732(a)(2) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following new 
    subparagraph:
            ``(F)(i) Subject to regulations prescribed by the Secretary 
        of Defense or the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect 
        to matters concerning the Coast Guard when it is not operating 
        as a service in the Department of the Navy, one point for each 
        day of active service or one point for each drill or period of 
        equivalent instruction that was prescribed by the Secretary 
        concerned to be performed during the covered emergency period, 
        if such person was prevented from performing such duty due to 
        travel or duty restrictions imposed by the President, the 
        Secretary of Defense, or the Secretary of Homeland Security 
        with respect to the Coast Guard.
            ``(ii) A person may not be credited more than 35 points in 
        a one-year period under this subparagraph.
            ``(iii) In this subparagraph, the term `covered emergency 
        period' means the period beginning on March 1, 2020, and ending 
        on the day that is 60 days after the date on which the travel 
        or duty restriction applicable to the person concerned is 
        lifted.''; and
        (2) in the matter following subparagraph (F), as inserted by 
    paragraph (1), by striking ``and (E)'' and inserting ``(E), and 
    (F)''.
    (b) Amount of Retired Pay.--Section 12733(3) of such title is 
amended in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ``or 
(D)'' and inserting ``(D), or (F)''.
    (c) Reporting.--
        (1) Report required.--Not later than one year after the date on 
    which the covered emergency period, as defined in subparagraph (F) 
    of section 12732(a)(2) of such title, as added by subsection (a), 
    ends, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
    defense committees a report on the use of the authority under such 
    subparagraph.
        (2) Elements.--The report under this subsection shall include, 
    with respect to each reserve component, the following:
            (A) The number of individuals granted credit as a result of 
        a training cancellation.
            (B) The number of individuals granted credit as a result of 
        another extenuating circumstance.
        (3) Publication.--Not later than 30 days after submitting the 
    report under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
            (A) publish the report on a publicly accessible website of 
        the Department of Defense; and
            (B) ensure that any data in the report is made available in 
        a machine-readable format that is downloadable, searchable, and 
        sortable.
    SEC. 517. QUARANTINE LODGING FOR MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE COMPONENTS 
      WHO PERFORM CERTAIN SERVICE IN RESPONSE TO THE COVID-19 
      EMERGENCY.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may provide, to a member 
of the reserve components of the Armed Forces who performs a period of 
covered service, housing for not fewer than 14 days immediately after 
the end of such period of covered service.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``active service'' has the meaning given that term 
    in section 101 of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) The term ``covered service'' means active service performed 
    in response to the covered national emergency.
        (3) The term ``covered national emergency'' means the national 
    emergency declared on March 13, 2020, by the President under the 
    National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) with respect to 
    COVID-19.
    SEC. 518. DIRECT EMPLOYMENT PILOT PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF 
      THE RESERVE COMPONENTS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a pilot 
program to enhance the efforts of the Department of Defense to provide 
job placement assistance and related employment services directly to 
members of the National Guard and Reserves in reserve active-status.
    (b) Administration.--Any such pilot program shall be offered to, 
and administered by, the adjutants general appointed under section 314 
of title 32, United States Code, or other officials in the States 
concerned designated by the Secretary for purposes of the pilot 
program.
    (c) Cost-Sharing Requirement.--As a condition on the provision of 
funds under this section to a State to support the operation of the 
pilot program in that State, the State must agree to contribute funds, 
derived from non-Federal sources, in an amount equal to at least 50 
percent of the funds necessary for the operation of the pilot program 
in that State.
    (d) Development.--In developing any such pilot program, the 
Secretary shall--
        (1) incorporate elements of State direct employment programs 
    for members of the reserve components; and
        (2) use resources provided to members of the Armed Forces with 
    civilian training opportunities through the SkillBridge transition 
    training program administered by the Department of Defense.
    (e) Direct Employment Program Model.--Any such pilot program shall 
use a job placement program model that focuses on working one-on-one 
with eligible members to cost-effectively provide job placement 
services, including--
        (1) identifying unemployed and underemployed individuals;
        (2) job matching services;
        (3) resume editing;
        (4) interview preparation; and
        (5) post-employment follow up.
    (f) Evaluation.--The Secretary shall develop outcome metrics to 
evaluate the success of any such pilot program.
    (g) Reporting.--
        (1) Report required.--If the Secretary carries out the pilot 
    Program, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
    defense committees a report describing the results of the pilot 
    program not later than March 1, 2022. The Secretary shall prepare 
    the report in coordination with the Chief of the National Guard 
    Bureau.
        (2) Elements.--A report under paragraph (1) shall include the 
    following:
            (A) A description and assessment of the effectiveness and 
        achievements of the pilot program, including the number of 
        members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces hired and 
        the cost-per-placement of participating members.
            (B) An assessment of the effects of the pilot program and 
        increased reserve component employment on the readiness of 
        members of the reserve components and on the retention of 
        members.
            (C) A comparison of the pilot program to other programs 
        conducted by the Department of Defense to provide unemployment 
        or underemployment support to members of the reserve components 
        of the Armed Forces, including the best practices developed 
        through and used in such programs.
            (D) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines 
        appropriate.
    (h) Duration; Extension.--
        (1) Subject to paragraph (2), the authority to carry out the 
    pilot program expires on September 30, 2024.
        (2) The Secretary may elect to extend the pilot program for not 
    more than two additional fiscal years.
    SEC. 519. PILOT PROGRAMS AUTHORIZED IN CONNECTION WITH SROTC UNITS 
      AND CSPI PROGRAMS AT HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES 
      AND MINORITY INSTITUTIONS.
    (a) Pilot Programs Required.--The Secretary of Defense may carry 
out two pilot programs as follows:
        (1) A pilot program, with elements as provided for in 
    subsection (c), at covered institutions in order to assess the 
    feasibility and advisability of mechanisms to reduce barriers to 
    participation in the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps at 
    such institutions by creating partnerships between satellite or 
    extension Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps units at such 
    institutions and covered military installations.
        (2) In consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security, a 
    pilot program, with elements as provided for in subsection (d), in 
    order to assess the feasibility and advisability of the provision 
    of financial assistance to members of the Senior Reserve Officers' 
    Training Corps, and members of the Coast Guard College Student Pre-
    Commissioning Initiative, at covered institutions for participation 
    in flight training.
    (b) Duration.--The duration of each pilot program under subsection 
(a) may not exceed 5 years.
    (c) Pilot Program on Partnerships Between Satellite or Extension 
SROTC Units and Covered Military Installations.--
        (1) Participating institutions.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
    carry out the pilot program required by subsection (a)(1) at not 
    fewer than five covered institutions selected by the Secretary for 
    purposes of the pilot program.
        (2) Requirements for selection.--Each covered institution 
    selected by the Secretary for purposes of the pilot program under 
    subsection (a)(1) shall--
            (A) currently maintain a satellite or extension Senior 
        Reserve Officers' Training Corps unit under chapter 103 of 
        title 10, United States Code, that is located more than 20 
        miles from the host unit of such unit; or
            (B) establish and maintain a satellite or extension Senior 
        Reserve Officers' Training Corps unit that meets the 
        requirements in subparagraph (A).
        (3) Preference in selection of institutions.--In selecting 
    covered institutions under this subsection for participation in the 
    pilot program under subsection (a)(1), the Secretary shall give 
    preference to covered institutions that are located within 20 miles 
    of a covered military installation of the same Armed Force as the 
    host unit of the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps of the 
    covered institution concerned.
        (4) Partnership activities.--The activities conducted under the 
    pilot program under subsection (a)(1) between a satellite or 
    extension Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps unit and the 
    covered military installation concerned shall include such 
    activities designed to reduce barriers to participation in the 
    Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps at the covered institution 
    concerned as the Secretary considers appropriate, including 
    measures to mitigate travel time and expenses in connection with 
    receipt of Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps instruction.
    (d) Pilot Program on Financial Assistance for SROTC and CSPI 
Members for Flight Training.--
        (1) Eligibility for participation by srotc and cspi members.--A 
    member of a Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps unit, or a 
    member of a Coast Guard College Student Pre-Commissioning 
    Initiative program, at a covered institution may participate in the 
    pilot program under subsection (a)(2) if the member meets such 
    academic requirements at the covered institution, and such other 
    requirements, as the Secretary concerned shall establish for 
    purposes of the pilot program.
        (2) Preference in selection of participants.--In selecting 
    members under this subsection for participation in the pilot 
    program under subsection (a)(2), the Secretary concerned shall give 
    a preference to members who will pursue flight training under the 
    pilot program at a covered institution.
        (3) Financial assistance for flight training.--
            (A) In general.--The Secretary concerned may provide any 
        member of a Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps unit or a 
        College Student Pre-Commissioning Initiative program who 
        participates in the pilot program under subsection (a)(2) 
        financial assistance to defray, whether in whole or in part, 
        the charges and fees imposed on the member for flight training.
            (B) Flight training.--Financial assistance may be used 
        under subparagraph (A) for a course of flight training only if 
        the course meets Federal Aviation Administration standards and 
        is approved by the Federal Aviation Administration and the 
        applicable State approving agency.
            (C) Use.--Financial assistance received by a member under 
        subparagraph (A) may be used only to defray the charges and 
        fees imposed on the member as described in that subparagraph.
            (D) Cessation of eligibility.--Financial assistance may not 
        be provided to a member under subparagraph (A) as follows:
                (i) If the member ceases to meet the academic and other 
            requirements established pursuant to paragraph (1).
                (ii) If the member ceases to be a member of the Senior 
            Reserve Officers' Training Corps or the College Student 
            Pre-Commissioning Initiative, as applicable.
    (e) Evaluation Metrics.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
metrics to evaluate the effectiveness of the pilot programs under 
subsection (a).
    (f) Reports.--
        (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
    commencement of the pilot programs under subsection (a), the 
    Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
    Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on 
    the pilot programs. The report shall include the following:
            (A) A description of each pilot program, including in the 
        case of the pilot program under subsection (a)(2) the 
        requirements established pursuant to subsection (d)(1).
            (B) The evaluation metrics established under subsection 
        (e).
            (C) Such other matters relating to the pilot programs as 
        the Secretary considers appropriate.
        (2) Annual report.--Not later than 90 days after the end of 
    each fiscal year in which the Secretary carries out the pilot 
    programs, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
    Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on 
    the pilot programs during such fiscal year. Each report shall 
    include, for the fiscal year covered by such report, the following:
            (A) In the case of the pilot program required by subsection 
        (a)(1), a description of the partnerships between satellite or 
        extension Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps units and 
        covered military installations under the pilot program.
            (B) In the case of the pilot program required by subsection 
        (a)(2), the following:
                (i) The number of members of Senior Reserve Officers' 
            Training Corps units, and the number of members of Coast 
            Guard College Student Pre-Commissioning Initiative 
            programs, at covered institutions selected for purposes of 
            the pilot program, including the number of such members 
            participating in the pilot program.
                (ii) The number of recipients of financial assistance 
            provided under the pilot program, including the number 
            who--

                    (I) completed a ground school course of instruction 
                in connection with obtaining a private pilot's 
                certificate;
                    (II) completed flight training, and the type of 
                training, certificate, or both received;
                    (III) were selected for a pilot training slot in 
                the Armed Forces;
                    (IV) initiated pilot training in the Armed Forces; 
                or
                    (V) successfully completed pilot training in the 
                Armed Forces.

                (iii) The amount of financial assistance provided under 
            the pilot program, broken out by covered institution, 
            course of study, and such other measures as the Secretary 
            considers appropriate.
            (C) Data collected in accordance with the evaluation 
        metrics established under subsection (e).
        (3) Final report.--Not later than 180 days prior to the 
    completion of the pilot programs, the Secretary shall submit to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives a report on the pilot programs. The report shall 
    include the following:
            (A) A description of the pilot programs.
            (B) An assessment of the effectiveness of each pilot 
        program.
            (C) A description of the cost of each pilot program, and an 
        estimate of the cost of making each pilot program permanent.
            (D) An estimate of the cost of expanding each pilot program 
        throughout all eligible Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
        units and College Student Pre-Commissioning Initiative 
        programs.
            (E) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
        action as the Secretary considers appropriate in light of the 
        pilot programs, including recommendations for extending or 
        making permanent the authority for each pilot program.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``covered institution'' has the meaning given that 
    term in section 262(g)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92).
        (2) The term ``covered military installation'' means an 
    installation of the Department of Defense for the regular 
    components of the Armed Forces.
        (3) The term ``flight training'' means a course of instruction 
    toward obtaining any of the following:
            (A) A private pilot's certificate.
            (B) A commercial pilot certificate.
            (C) A certified flight instructor certificate.
            (D) A multi-crew pilot's license.
            (E) A flight instrument rating.
            (F) Any other certificate, rating, or pilot privilege the 
        Secretary considers appropriate for purposes of this section.
SEC. 519A. REPORT REGARDING FULL-TIME NATIONAL GUARD DUTY IN RESPONSE 
TO THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report regarding how it is 
determined whether to authorize full-time National Guard duty in 
response to the covered national emergency.
    (b) Elements.--The report under this section shall include the 
following:
        (1) The number of requests described in subsection (a).
        (2) The number of such requests approved and the number of 
    requests denied.
        (3) For each such request--
            (A) the time elapsed from receipt of request to disposition 
        of request; and
            (B) whether costs (including pay and benefits for members 
        of the National Guard) were a factor in determining whether to 
        grant or deny the request.
        (4) For each such request approved, an estimate of the time 
    between approval and the time when the first such member of the 
    National Guard was placed on full-time National Guard duty in 
    response to such request.
        (5) For each such request denied, the reason for denial and how 
    such denial was explained to the requestor.
        (6) A description of how the process of review for such 
    requests differed from previous requests for a determination 
    whether to authorize full-time National Guard duty under section 
    502(f) of title 32, United States Code.
        (7) Recommendations of the Secretary to improve the review of 
    such requests in order to better respond to such requests.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``covered national emergency'' means the national 
    emergency declared on March 13, 2020, by the President under the 
    National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) with respect to 
    COVID-19.
        (2) The term ``full-time National Guard duty'' has the meaning 
    given that term in section 101 of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 519B. STUDY AND REPORT ON NATIONAL GUARD SUPPORT TO STATES 
RESPONDING TO MAJOR DISASTERS.
    (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study 
on the process by which the National Guard provides support to other 
Federal agencies and to States during major disasters. The report shall 
include the following:
        (1) With regards to authorization of full-time National Guard 
    duty under section 502(f) of title 32, United States Code--
            (A) a review of the process of such authorization, 
        including authorization approval, funding approval, and mission 
        assignment;
            (B) a review of data regarding the frequency and speed of 
        such authorizations during fiscal years 2015 through 2020; and
            (C) measures of performance or effectiveness.
        (2) The effectiveness of the funding transfer process between 
    the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the Department of 
    Defense.
        (3) The development and promulgation of training and education 
    materials for the National Guard and other components of the 
    Department of Defense.
        (4) An analysis of lessons learned from the response to COVID-
    19, including--
            (A) policy gaps identified by the Secretary; and
            (B) any recommendations of the Secretary to improve such 
        process.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report that includes the findings of the study 
conducted under subsection (a).
SEC. 519C. REPORT ON GUIDANCE FOR USE OF UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS BY 
THE NATIONAL GUARD.
    (a) Review.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall--
        (1) review current guidance on the use of unmanned aircraft 
    systems by the National Guard for covered activities within the 
    United States; and
        (2) submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
    containing recommendations of the Secretary regarding how to 
    expedite the review of requests for use of unmanned aircraft 
    systems described in paragraph (1).
    (b) Covered Activities Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered activities'' means--
        (1) emergency operations;
        (2) search and rescue operations;
        (3) defense support to civil authorities; and
        (4) support under section 502(f) of title 32, United States 
    Code.
SEC. 519D. STUDY AND REPORT ON ROTC RECRUITMENT.
    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study that 
assesses--
        (1) whether members of the Armed Forces who served in the 
    Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps are more or less likely 
    than members who served in the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
    Corps to achieve or receive recommendations for higher ranks;
        (2) whether there is a correlation between race or ethnicity 
    and the rank ultimately achieved by such members;
        (3) whether individuals who serve in the Junior Reserve 
    Officers' Training Corps are likelier to join the Armed Forces than 
    other individuals; and
        (4) the feasibility of establishing a program to create a 
    pathway for minorities into higher ranks in the Armed Forces.
    (b) Report.--Not later than December 31, 2022, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives a report on the results of the study 
conducted under subsection (a).

  Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                Records

    SEC. 521. INCREASED ACCESS TO POTENTIAL RECRUITS.
    (a) Secondary Schools.--Section 503 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)(1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by striking ``and telephone 
        listings,'' and all that follows through the period at the end 
        and inserting ``electronic mail addresses (which shall be the 
        electronic mail addresses provided by the school, if 
        available), and telephone listings, notwithstanding subsection 
        (a)(5) of section 444 of the General Education Provisions Act 
        (20 U.S.C. 1232g).''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and telephone 
        listing'' and inserting ``electronic mail address, and 
        telephone listing''; and
        (2) by striking subsection (d).
    (b) Institutions of Higher Education.--Section 983(b)(2)(A) of such 
title is amended by striking ``and telephone listings'' and inserting 
``electronic mail addresses (which shall be the electronic mail 
addresses provided by the institution, if available), and telephone 
listings''.
    SEC. 522. SUNSET AND TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS OF THE PHYSICAL 
      DISABILITY BOARD OF REVIEW.
    Section 1554a of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Sunset.--(1) On or after the date of the enactment of the 
William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2021, the Secretary of Defense may sunset the Physical 
Disability Board of Review under this section.
    ``(2) If the Secretary sunsets the Physical Disability Board of 
Review under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall transfer any remaining 
requests for review pending at that time, and shall assign any new 
requests for review under this section, to a board for the correction 
of military records operated by the Secretary concerned under section 
1552 of this title..
    ``(3) Subsection (c)(4) shall not apply with respect to any review 
conducted by a board for the correction of military records under 
paragraph (2).''.
    SEC. 523. HONORARY PROMOTION MATTERS.
    (a) Honorary Promotions on Initiative of Department of Defense.--
Chapter 80 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
after section 1563 the following new section:
``Sec. 1563a. Honorary promotions on the initiative of the Department 
     of Defense
    ``(a) In General.--(1) Under regulations prescribed by the 
Secretary of Defense, the Secretary may make an honorary promotion 
(whether or not posthumous) of a former member or retired member of the 
armed forces to any grade not exceeding the grade of major general, 
rear admiral (upper half), or an equivalent grade in the Space Force if 
the Secretary determines that the promotion is merited.
    ``(2) The authority to make an honorary promotion under this 
subsection shall apply notwithstanding that the promotion is not 
otherwise authorized by law.
    ``(b) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary may not make an honorary 
promotion pursuant to subsection (a) until 60 days after the date on 
which the Secretary submits to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a notice of the determination 
to make the promotion, including a detailed discussion of the rationale 
supporting the determination.
    ``(c) Notice of Promotion.--Upon making an honorary promotion 
pursuant to subsection (a), the Secretary shall expeditiously notify 
the former member or retired member concerned, or the next of kin of 
such former member or retired member if such former member or retired 
member is deceased, of the promotion.
    ``(d) Nature of Promotion.--Any promotion pursuant to this section 
is honorary, and shall not affect the pay, retired pay, or other 
benefits from the United States to which the former member or retired 
member concerned is entitled or would have been entitled based on the 
military service of such former member or retired member, nor affect 
any benefits to which any other person is or may become entitled based 
on the military service of such former member or retired member.''.
    (b) Modification of Authorities on Review of Proposals From 
Congress.--
        (1) Standardization of authorities with authorities on 
    initiative of department of defense.--Section 1563 of title 10, 
    United States Code, is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)--
                (i) in the first sentence, by striking ``the posthumous 
            or honorary promotion or appointment of a member or former 
            member of the armed forces, or any other person considered 
            qualified,'' and inserting ``the honorary promotion 
            (whether or not posthumous) of a former member or retired 
            member of the armed forces''; and
                (ii) in the second sentence, by striking ``the 
            posthumous or honorary promotion or appointment'' and 
            inserting ``the promotion''; and
            (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``the posthumous or 
        honorary promotion or appointment'' and inserting ``the 
        honorary promotion''.
        (2) Authority to make honorary promotions following review of 
    proposals.--Such section is further amended--
            (A) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
            (B) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection (c):
    ``(c) Authority To Make.--(1) Under regulations prescribed by the 
Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Defense may make an honorary 
promotion (whether or not posthumous) of a former member or retired 
member of the armed forces to any grade not exceeding the grade of 
major general, rear admiral (upper half), or an equivalent grade in the 
Space Force following the submittal of the determination of the 
Secretary concerned under subsection (b) in connection with the 
proposal for the promotion if the determination is to approve the 
making of the promotion.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense may not make an honorary promotion 
under this subsection until 60 days after the date on which the 
Secretary concerned submits the determination in connection with the 
proposal for the promotion under subsection (b), and the detailed 
rationale supporting the determination as described in that subsection, 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives and the requesting Member in accordance with that 
subsection.
    ``(3) The authority to make an honorary promotion under this 
subsection shall apply notwithstanding that the promotion is not 
otherwise authorized by law.
    ``(4) Any promotion pursuant to this subsection is honorary, and 
shall not affect the pay, retired pay, or other benefits from the 
United States to which the former member or retired member concerned is 
or would have been entitled based upon the military service of such 
former member or retired member, nor affect any benefits to which any 
other person may become entitled based on the military service of such 
former member or retired member.''.
        (3) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is amended 
    to read as follows:
``Sec. 1563. Consideration of proposals from Members of Congress for 
    honorary promotions: procedures for review and promotion''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 80 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 1563 and inserting the following new items:

``1563. Consideration of proposals from Members of Congress for honorary 
          promotions: procedures for review and promotion.
``1563a. Honorary promotions on the initiative of the Department of 
          Defense.''.
    SEC. 524. EXCLUSION OF OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHS OF MEMBERS FROM RECORDS 
      FURNISHED TO PROMOTION SELECTION BOARDS.
    (a) Active Duty Officers.--The Secretary of Defense shall include 
in the regulations prescribed pursuant to section 615(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, a prohibition on the inclusion of an official 
photograph of an officer in the information furnished to a selection 
board pursuant to section 615(b) of such title.
    (b) Reserve Officers.--The Secretary of Defense shall include in 
regulations prescribed pursuant to section 14107(a)(1) of title 10, 
United States Code, a prohibition on the inclusion of an official 
photograph of an officer in the information furnished to a selection 
board pursuant to section 14107(a)(2) of such title.
    (c) Enlisted Members.--Each Secretary of a military department 
shall prescribe regulations that prohibit the inclusion of an official 
photograph of an enlisted member in the information furnished to a 
board that considers enlisted members under the jurisdiction of such 
Secretary for promotion.
    (d) Report on Exclusion of Additional Information.--Not later than 
one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report setting forth the following:
        (1) A recommendation for the redaction or removal from 
    information furnished to selection boards convened to consider 
    officers or enlisted members for promotion to the next higher grade 
    of such information, if any, relating to an officer or enlisted 
    member, as applicable, that is currently furnished to such a 
    selection board as the Secretary considers appropriate for 
    redaction or removal in order to eliminate inappropriate bias in 
    the promotion selection process.
        (2) An assessment of the anticipated effects on the promotion 
    process for officers or enlisted members, as applicable, of the 
    redaction or removal from information furnished to selection boards 
    of information recommended for redaction or removal pursuant to 
    paragraph (1).
        (3) An implementation plan that describes and assesses the 
    manner in which the redaction or removal of such information will 
    be achieved, including a description and assessment of the 
    following:
            (A) Any required changes to policies, processes, or 
        systems, including any information technology required.
            (B) The cost of implementing such changes.
            (C) The estimated timeline for completion of the 
        implementation of such changes (which may not be later than the 
        day that is two years after the date of the report).
            (D) The duty title of the officer or employee of the 
        Department Defense to be assigned responsibility for 
        implementing such changes.
    SEC. 525. REPORT REGARDING REVIEWS OF DISCHARGES AND DISMISSALS 
      BASED ON SEXUAL ORIENTATION.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than September 30, 2021, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report regarding the 
number of former members of the Armed Forces who--
        (1) were discharged or dismissed from the Armed Forces;
        (2) on or after September 21, 2011, applied to the Secretary of 
    the military department concerned for an upgrade in the 
    characterization of such discharge or dismissal; and
        (3) assert in such application that such discharge or dismissal 
    arose from a policy of the Department of Defense regarding the 
    sexual orientation of a member before September 21, 2011.
    (b) Elements.--The report under this section shall include the 
following:
        (1) The number of applications described in subsection (a) and 
    the percentages of such applications granted and denied, 
    disaggregated by--
            (A) Armed Force;
            (B) grade;
            (C) characterization of discharge or dismissal originally 
        received; and
            (D) characterization of discharge or dismissal received 
        pursuant to an application described in subsection (a)(2).
        (2) If the Secretary can determine the number without reviewing 
    applications described in subsection (a) on a case-by-case basis, 
    the number of such applications--
            (A) that were denied; and
            (B) in which the discharge or dismissal was based solely on 
        misconduct of the discharged or dismissed member.
    (c) Publication.--Not later than 90 days after the Secretary 
submits the report under this section, the Secretary shall publish the 
report on a publicly accessible website of the Department of Defense.

Subtitle D--Prevention and Response To Sexual Assault, Harassment, and 
                           Related Misconduct

    SEC. 531. MODIFICATION OF TIME REQUIRED FOR EXPEDITED DECISIONS IN 
      CONNECTION WITH APPLICATIONS FOR CHANGE OF STATION OR UNIT 
      TRANSFER OF MEMBERS WHO ARE VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT OR RELATED 
      OFFENSES.
    (a) In General.--Section 673(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``72 hours'' both places it appears and inserting 
``five calendar days''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply 
to decisions on applications for permanent change of station or unit 
transfer made under section 673 of title 10, United States Code, on or 
after that date.
    SEC. 532. CONFIDENTIAL REPORTING OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT.
    (a) Confidential Reporting.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 80 of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended by inserting after section 1561a the following new section:
``Sec. 1561b. Confidential reporting of sexual harassment
    ``(a) Reporting Process.--Notwithstanding section 1561 of this 
title, the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe in regulations a 
process by which a member of an armed force under the jurisdiction of 
the Secretary of a military department may confidentially allege a 
complaint of sexual harassment to an individual outside the immediate 
chain of command of the member.
    ``(b) Receipt of Complaints.--An individual designated and trained 
to receive complaints under the process under subsection (a) shall--
        ``(1) maintain the confidentiality of the member alleging the 
    complaint;
        ``(2) explain to the member alleging the complaint the 
    different avenues of redress available to resolve the complaint and 
    the different consequences of each avenue on the manner in which 
    the complaint will be investigated (if at all), including an 
    explanation of the following:
            ``(A) The manner in which to file a complaint concerning 
        alleged sexual harassment with the official or office 
        designated for receipt of such complaint through such avenue of 
        redress.
            ``(B) That confidentiality in connection with the complaint 
        cannot be maintained when there is a clear and present risk to 
        health or safety.
            ``(C) If the alleged sexual harassment also involves an 
        allegation of sexual assault, including sexual contact--
                ``(i) the manner in which to file a confidential report 
            with a Sexual Assault Response Coordinator or a Sexual 
            Assault Prevention and Response Victim Advocate; and
                ``(ii) options available pursuant to such reporting, 
            including a Restricted Report or Unrestricted Report, and 
            participation in the Catch a Serial Offender Program.
            ``(D) The services and assistance available to the member 
        in connection with the complaint and the alleged sexual 
        harassment.
    ``(c) Education and Tracking.--The Secretary of Defense shall--
        ``(1) educate members under the jurisdiction of the Secretaries 
    of the military departments regarding the process established under 
    this section; and
        ``(2) track complaints alleged pursuant to the process.
    ``(d) Reports.--Not later than April 30, 2023, and April 30 every 
two years thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report containing data on the complaints of sexual 
harassment alleged pursuant to the process under subsection (a) during 
the previous two calendar years. Any data on such complaints shall not 
contain any personally identifiable information.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 80 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
    relating to section 1561b the following new item:

``1561b. Confidential reporting of sexual harassment.''.

    (b) Plan for Implementation.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report setting forth a plan for the implementation of 
the process for confidential reporting of sexual harassment required by 
section 1561b of title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection 
(a)). The plan shall include the date on which the process is 
anticipated to be fully implemented.
    (c) Plan for Access to Confidential Reports To Identify Serial 
Harassers.--Not later than one year after the implementation of the 
process for confidential reporting of sexual harassment required by 
section 1561b of title 10, United States Code (as so added), the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting forth a 
plan to allow an individual who files a confidential report of sexual 
harassment pursuant to the process to elect to permit a military 
criminal investigative organization to access certain information in 
the confidential report, including identifying information of the 
alleged perpetrator (if available), for the purpose of identifying 
individuals who are suspected of multiple incidents of sexual 
harassments, without such access affecting the confidential nature of 
the confidential report. The report shall specify the information to be 
accessible by criminal investigative organizations pursuant to the 
plan.
    SEC. 533. ADDITIONAL BASES FOR PROVISION OF ADVICE BY THE DEFENSE 
      ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR THE PREVENTION OF SEXUAL MISCONDUCT.
    Section 550B of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1380; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is 
amended in subsection (c)(2)--
        (1) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (E); and
        (2) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following new 
    subparagraphs:
            ``(C) Efforts among private employers to prevent sexual 
        assault and sexual harassment among their employees.
            ``(D) Evidence-based studies on the prevention of sexual 
        assault and sexual harassment in the Armed Forces, institutions 
        of higher education, and the private sector.''.
    SEC. 534. ADDITIONAL MATTERS FOR 2021 REPORT OF THE DEFENSE 
      ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR THE PREVENTION OF SEXUAL MISCONDUCT.
    Section 550B of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1380; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note), as 
amended by section 533 of this Act, is further amended by adding at the 
end of subsection (d) the following: ``The report in 2021 shall also 
include the following:
        ``(1) A description and assessment of the extent and 
    effectiveness of the inclusion by the Armed Forces of sexual 
    assault prevention and response training in leader professional 
    military education (PME), especially in such education for 
    personnel in junior noncommissioned officer grades.
        ``(2) An assessment of the feasibility of--
            ``(A) the screening before entry into military service of 
        recruits who may have been the subject or perpetrator of prior 
        incidents of sexual assault and harassment, including through 
        background checks; and
            ``(B) the administration of screening tests to recruits to 
        assess recruit views and beliefs on equal opportunity, and 
        whether such views and beliefs are compatible with military 
        service.
        ``(3) An assessment of the feasibility of conducting exit 
    interviews of members of the Armed Forces upon their discharge 
    release from the Armed Forces in order to determine whether they 
    experienced or witnessed sexual assault or harassment during 
    military service and did not report it, and an assessment of the 
    feasibility of combining such exit interviews with the Catch a 
    Serial Offender (CATCH) Program of the Department of Defense.
        ``(4) An assessment whether the sexual assault reporting 
    databases of the Department are sufficiently anonymized to ensure 
    privacy while still providing military leaders with the information 
    as follows:
            ``(A) The approximate length of time the victim and the 
        assailant had been at the duty station at which the sexual 
        assault occurred.
            ``(B) The percentage of sexual assaults occurring while the 
        victim or assailant were on temporary duty, leave, or otherwise 
        away from their permanent duty station.
            ``(C) The number of sexual assaults that involve an abuse 
        of power by a commander or supervisor.''.
    SEC. 535. INCLUSION OF ADVISORY DUTIES ON THE COAST GUARD ACADEMY 
      AMONG DUTIES OF DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR THE PREVENTION OF 
      SEXUAL MISCONDUCT.
    Section 550B of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1380; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note), as 
amended by sections 533 and 534 of this Act, is further amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)(1)(B), by inserting ``, including the 
    United States Coast Guard Academy,'' after ``academy'';
        (2) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), and (f) as 
    subsections (e), (f), and (g), respectively;
        (3) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
    subsection (d):
    ``(d) Advisory Duties on Coast Guard Academy.--In providing advice 
under subsection (c)(1)(B), the Advisory Committee shall also advise 
the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating 
in accordance with this section on policies, programs, and practices of 
the United States Coast Guard Academy.''; and
        (4) in subsection (e) and paragraph (2) of subsection (g), as 
    redesignated by paragraph (2) of this section, by striking ``the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives'' each place it appears and inserting ``the 
    Committees on Armed Services and Commerce, Science, and 
    Transportation of the Senate and the Committees on Armed Services 
    and Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
    Representatives''.
    SEC. 536. MODIFICATION OF REPORTING AND DATA COLLECTION ON VICTIMS 
      OF SEXUAL OFFENSES.
    Section 547 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by striking ``accused of'' and inserting 
            ``suspected of''; and
                (ii) by striking ``assault'' and inserting ``offense'';
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``accused of'' and 
        inserting ``suspected of''; and
            (C) in paragraph (3)--
                (i) by striking ``assaults'' and inserting 
            ``offenses''; and
                (ii) by striking ``an accusation'' and inserting 
            ``suspicion of'';
        (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c);
        (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
    subsection (b):
    ``(b) Guidance Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall issue 
guidance to ensure the uniformity of the data collected by each Armed 
Force for purposes of subsection (a). At a minimum, such guidance shall 
establish--
        ``(1) standardized methods for the collection of the data 
    required to be reported under such subsection; and
        ``(2) standardized definitions for the terms `sexual offense', 
    `collateral miconduct', and `adverse action'.''; and
        (4) by amending subsection (c), as redesignated by paragraph 
    (2), to read as follows:
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `covered individual' means an individual who is 
    identified in the case files of a military criminal investigative 
    organization as a victim of a sexual offense that occurred while 
    that individual was serving on active duty as a member of the Armed 
    Forces.
        ``(2) The term `suspected of', when used with respect to a 
    covered individual suspected of collateral misconduct or crimes as 
    described in subsection (a), means that an investigation by a 
    military criminal investigative organization reveals facts and 
    circumstances that would lead a reasonable person to believe that 
    the individual committed an offense under chapter 47 of title 10, 
    United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice).''.
    SEC. 537. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL REPORT REGARDING SEXUAL ASSAULTS 
      INVOLVING MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Additional Recipients.--Subsection (d) of section 1631 of the 
Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 
(Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended by inserting ``and 
the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives'' after ``House of Representatives''.
    (b) Applicability.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and shall apply to 
reports required to be submitted under such section on or after such 
date.
    SEC. 538. COORDINATION OF SUPPORT FOR SURVIVORS OF SEXUAL TRAUMA.
    (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretaries of Defense and Veterans Affairs 
shall jointly develop, implement, and maintain a standard of 
coordinated care for members of the Armed Forces who are survivors of 
sexual trauma. Such standard shall include the following:
    (b) Minimum Elements.--The standard developed and implemented under 
subsection (a) by the Secretaries of Defense and Veterans Affairs shall 
include the following:
        (1) Information for members of the armed forces.--The Secretary 
    of Defense shall ensure that--
            (A) Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and Uniformed 
        Victim Advocates receive annual training on resources of the 
        Department of Veterans Affairs regarding sexual trauma;
            (B) information regarding services furnished by the 
        Secretary of Veterans Affairs to survivors of sexual trauma is 
        provided to each such survivor; and
            (C) information described in subparagraph (B) is posted in 
        the following areas in each facility of the Department of 
        Defense:
                (i) An office of the Family Advocacy Program.
                (ii) An office of a mental health care provider.
                (iii) Each area in which sexual assault prevention 
            staff normally post notices or information.
                (iv) High-traffic areas (including dining facilities).
        (2) Coordination between staff of the departments.--The 
    Secretaries shall ensure that a Sexual Assault Response Coordinator 
    or Uniformed Victim Advocate of the Department of Defense who 
    receives a report of an instance of sexual trauma connects the 
    survivor to the Military Sexual Trauma Coordinator of the 
    Department of Veterans Affairs at the facility of that Department 
    nearest to the residence of that survivor if that survivor is a 
    member separating or retiring from the Armed Forces.
    (c) Reports.--
        (1) Report on residential treatment.--Not later than 180 days 
    after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretaries of 
    Defense and Veterans Affairs shall provide a report to the 
    appropriate committees of Congress regarding the availability of 
    residential treatment programs for survivors of sexual trauma, 
    including--
            (A) barriers to access for such programs; and
            (B) resources required to reduce such barriers.
        (2) Initial report.--Upon implementation of the standard under 
    subsection (a), the Secretaries of Defense and Veterans Affairs 
    shall jointly submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
    report on the standard.
        (3) Progress reports.--Not later than 180 days after submitting 
    the initial report under paragraph (2), and on December 1 of each 
    subsequent year, the Secretaries of Defense and Veterans Affairs 
    shall jointly submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
    report on the progress of the Secretaries in implementing and 
    improving the standard.
        (4) Updates.--Whenever the Secretaries of Defense and Veterans 
    Affairs update the standard developed under subsection (a), the 
    Secretaries shall jointly submit to the appropriate committees of 
    Congress a report on such update, including a comprehensive and 
    detailed description of such update and the reasons for such 
    update.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``sexual trauma'' means a condition described in 
    section 1720D(a)(1) of title 38, United States Code.
        (2) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (A) the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate; and
            (B) the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate.
    SEC. 539. POLICY FOR MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMIES ON SEPARATION OF 
      ALLEGED VICTIMS AND ALLEGED PERPETRATORS IN INCIDENTS OF SEXUAL 
      ASSAULT.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation 
with the Secretaries of the military departments and the Superintendent 
of each military service academy, prescribe in regulations a policy 
under which a cadet or midshipman of a military service academy who is 
the alleged victim of a sexual assault and a cadet or midshipman who is 
the alleged perpetrator of such assault shall, to the extent 
practicable, each be given the opportunity to complete their course of 
study at the academy without--
        (1) taking classes together; or
        (2) otherwise being in close proximity to each other during 
    mandatory activities.
    (b) Elements.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
policy developed under subsection (a)--
        (1) permits an alleged victim to elect not to be covered by the 
    policy with respect to a particular incident of sexual assault;
        (2) protects the alleged victim as necessary, including by 
    prohibiting retaliatory harassment;
        (3) minimizes the prejudicial impact of the policy, to the 
    extent practicable, on both the alleged victim and the alleged 
    perpetrator, and allows the alleged victim and the alleged 
    perpetrator to complete their course of study at the institution 
    with minimal disruption;
        (4) protects the privacy of both the alleged victim and the 
    alleged perpetrator by ensuring that information about the alleged 
    sexual assault and the individuals involved is not revealed to 
    third parties who are not specifically authorized to receive such 
    information in the course of performing their regular duties, 
    except that such policy shall not preclude the alleged victim or 
    the alleged perpetrator from making such disclosures to third 
    parties; and
        (5) minimizes the burden on the alleged victim when taking 
    steps to separate the alleged victim and alleged perpetrator.
    (c) Special Rule.--The policy developed under subsection (a) shall 
not preclude a military service academy from taking other 
administrative or disciplinary action when appropriate.
    (d) Military Service Academy Defined.--In this section, the term 
``military service academy'' means the following:
        (1) The United States Military Academy.
        (2) The United States Naval Academy.
        (3) The United States Air Force Academy.
        (4) The United States Coast Guard Academy.
SEC. 539A. SAFE-TO-REPORT POLICY APPLICABLE ACROSS THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation 
with the Secretaries of the military departments, prescribe in 
regulations a safe-to-report policy described in subsection (b) that 
applies with respect to all members of the Armed Forces (including 
members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces) and cadets and 
midshipmen at the military service academies.
    (b) Safe-to-report Policy.--The safe-to-report policy described in 
this subsection is a policy that prescribes the handling of minor 
collateral misconduct involving a member of the Armed Forces who is the 
alleged victim of sexual assault.
    (c) Aggravating Circumstances.--The regulations under subsection 
(a) shall specify aggravating circumstances that increase the gravity 
of minor collateral misconduct or its impact on good order and 
discipline for purposes of the safe-to-report policy.
    (d) Tracking of Collateral Misconduct Incidents.--In conjunction 
with the issuance of regulations under subsection (a), Secretary shall 
develop and implement a process to track incidents of minor collateral 
misconduct that are subject to the safe-to-report policy.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``Armed Forces'' has the meaning given that term 
    in section 101(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code, except such 
    term does not include the Coast Guard.
        (2) The term ``military service academy'' means the following:
            (A) The United States Military Academy.
            (B) The United States Naval Academy.
            (C) The United States Air Force Academy.
        (3) The term ``minor collateral misconduct'' means any minor 
    misconduct that is potentially punishable under chapter 47 of title 
    10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
    that--
            (A) is committed close in time to or during the sexual 
        assault, and directly related to the incident that formed the 
        basis of the sexual assault allegation;
            (B) is discovered as a direct result of the report of 
        sexual assault or the ensuing investigation into the sexual 
        assault; and
            (C) does not involve aggravating circumstances (as 
        specified in the regulations prescribed under subsection (c)) 
        that increase the gravity of the minor misconduct or its impact 
        on good order and discipline.
SEC. 539B. ACCOUNTABILITY OF LEADERSHIP OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
FOR DISCHARGING THE SEXUAL HARASSMENT POLICIES AND PROGRAMS OF THE 
DEPARTMENT.
    (a) Strategy on Holding Leadership Accountable Required.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall develop and implement Department of Defense-
wide a strategy to hold individuals in positions of leadership in the 
Department (including members of the Armed Forces and civilians) 
accountable for the promotion, support, and enforcement of the policies 
and programs of the Department on sexual harassment.
    (b) Oversight Framework.--
        (1) In general.--The strategy required by subsection (a) shall 
    provide for an oversight framework for the efforts of the 
    Department of Defense to promote, support, and enforce the policies 
    and programs of the Department on sexual harassment.
        (2) Elements.--The oversight framework required by paragraph 
    (1) shall include the following:
            (A) Long-term goals, objectives, and milestones in 
        connection with the policies and programs of the Department on 
        sexual harassment.
            (B) Strategies to achieve the goals, objectives, and 
        milestones referred to in subparagraph (A).
            (C) Criteria for assessing progress toward the achievement 
        of the goals, objectives, and milestones referred to in 
        subparagraph (A).
            (D) Criteria for assessing the effectiveness of the 
        policies and programs of the Department on sexual harassment.
            (E) Mechanisms to ensure that adequate resources are 
        available to the Office of the Secretary of Defense to develop 
        and discharge the oversight framework.
    (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the actions taken to carry out this 
section, including the strategy developed and implemented pursuant to 
subsection (a), and the oversight framework developed and implemented 
pursuant to subsection (b).
SEC. 539C. REPORTS ON STATUS OF INVESTIGATIONS OF ALLEGED SEX-RELATED 
OFFENSES.
    (a) Reports Required.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter through December 31, 
2025, the Secretary of each military department shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the status of 
investigations into alleged sex-related offenses.
    (b) Elements.--Each report under subsection (a) shall include, with 
respect to investigations into alleged sex-related offenses carried out 
by military criminal investigative organizations under the jurisdiction 
of the Secretary concerned during the preceding year, the following:
        (1) The total number of investigations.
        (2) For each investigation--
            (A) the date the investigation was initiated; and
            (B) an explanation of whether the investigation is in-
        progress or complete as of the date of the report and, if 
        complete, the date on which the investigation was completed.
        (3) The total number of investigations that are complete as of 
    the date of the report.
        (4) The total number of investigations that are in-progress as 
    of the date of the report.
        (5) For investigations lasting longer than 180 days, a general 
    explanation of the primary reasons for the extended duration of 
    such investigations.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``alleged sex-related offense'' has the meaning 
    given that term in section 1044(e)(h) of title 10, United States 
    Code.
        (2) The term ``complete'' when used with respect to an 
    investigation of an alleged sex-related offense, means the active 
    phase of the investigation is sufficiently complete to enable the 
    appropriate authority to reach a decision with respect to the 
    disposition of charges for the offense.
SEC. 539D. REPORT ON ABILITY OF SEXUAL ASSAULT RESPONSE COORDINATORS 
AND SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION AND RESPONSE VICTIM ADVOCATES TO PERFORM 
DUTIES.
    (a) Survey.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than June 30, 2021, the Secretary of 
    Defense shall conduct a survey regarding the ability of Sexual 
    Assault Response Coordinators and Sexual Assault Prevention and 
    Response Victim Advocates to perform their duties.
        (2) Elements.--The survey required under paragraph (1) shall 
    assess--
            (A) the current state of support provided to Sexual Assault 
        Response Coordinators and Sexual Assault Prevention and 
        Response Victim Advocates, including--
                (i) perceived professional or other reprisal or 
            retaliation; and
                (ii) access to sufficient physical and mental health 
            services as a result of the nature of their work;
            (B) the ability of Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and 
        Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Victim Advocates to 
        contact and access their installation commander or unit 
        commander;
            (C) the ability of Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and 
        Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Victim Advocates to 
        contact and access the immediate commander of victims and 
        alleged offenders;
            (D) the responsiveness and receptiveness of commanders to 
        the Sexual Assault Response Coordinators;
            (E) the support and services provided to victims of sexual 
        assault;
            (F) the understanding of others of the process and their 
        willingness to assist;
            (G) the adequacy of the training received by Sexual Assault 
        Response Coordinators and Sexual Assault Prevention and 
        Response Victim Advocates to effectively perform their duties; 
        and
            (H) any other factors affecting the ability of Sexual 
        Assault Response Coordinators and Sexual Assault Prevention and 
        Response Victim Advocates to perform their duties.
    (b) Report.--Upon completion of the survey required under 
subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
report on the results of the survey and any actions to be taken as a 
result of the survey.
SEC. 539E. BRIEFING ON SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL PROGRAM.
    (a) Briefing Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Judge Advocates General of the Army, the 
Navy, the Air Force, and the Coast Guard and the Staff Judge Advocate 
to the Commandant of the Marine Corps shall each provide to the 
congressional defense committees a briefing on the status of the 
Special Victims' Counsel program of the Armed Force concerned.
    (b) Elements.--Each briefing under subsection (a) shall include, 
with respect to the Special Victims' Counsel program of the Armed Force 
concerned, the following:
        (1) An assessment of whether the Armed Force is in compliance 
    with the provisions of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) relating to the Special 
    Victims' Counsel program and, if not, what steps have been taken to 
    achieve compliance with such provisions.
        (2) An estimate of the average caseload of each Special 
    Victims' Counsel.
        (3) A description of any staffing shortfalls in the Special 
    Victims' Counsel program or other programs of the Armed Force 
    resulting from the additional responsibilities required of the 
    Special Victims' Counsel program under the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020.
        (4) An explanation of the ability of Special Victims' Counsel 
    to adhere to requirement that a counsel respond to a request for 
    services within 72 hours of receiving such request.
        (5) An assessment of the feasibility of providing cross-service 
    Special Victims' Counsel representation in instances where a 
    Special Victims' Counsel from a different Armed Force is co-located 
    with a victim at a remote base.
SEC. 539F. BRIEFING ON PLACEMENT OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES IN 
ACADEMIC STATUS WHO ARE VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT ONTO NON-RATED 
PERIODS.
    Not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall brief the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives on the 
feasibility and advisability, and current practice (if any) of the 
Department of Defense, of granting requests by members of the Armed 
Forces who are in academic status (whether at the military service 
academies or in developmental education programs) and who are victims 
of sexual assault to be placed on a Non-Rated Period for their 
performance report.

          Subtitle E--Military Justice and Other Legal Matters

    SEC. 541. RIGHT TO NOTICE OF VICTIMS OF OFFENSES UNDER THE UNIFORM 
      CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE REGARDING CERTAIN POST-TRIAL MOTIONS, 
      FILINGS, AND HEARINGS.
    Section 806b(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code (article 
6b(a)(2)) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) and (E) as subparagraphs 
    (E) and (F), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following new 
    subparagraph (D):
            ``(D) A post-trial motion, filing, or hearing that may 
        address the finding or sentence of a court-martial with respect 
        to the accused, unseal privileged or private information of the 
        victim, or result in the release of the accused.''.
    SEC. 542. QUALIFICATIONS OF JUDGES AND STANDARD OF REVIEW FOR 
      COURTS OF CRIMINAL APPEALS.
    (a) Qualifications of Certain Judges.--Section 866(a) of title 10, 
United States Code (article 66(a) of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), is amended--
        (1) by striking ``Each Judge'' and inserting:
        ``(1) In general.--Each Judge''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(2) Additional qualifications.--In addition to any other 
    qualifications specified in paragraph (1), any commissioned officer 
    or civilian assigned as an appellate military judge to a Court of 
    Criminal Appeals shall have not fewer than 12 years of experience 
    in the practice of law before such assignment.''.
    (b) Standard of Review.--Paragraph (1) of section 866(d) of title 
10, United States Code (article 66(d) of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), is amended to read as follows:
        ``(1) Cases appealed by accused.--
            ``(A) In general.--In any case before the Court of Criminal 
        Appeals under subsection (b), the Court may act only with 
        respect to the findings and sentence as entered into the record 
        under section 860c of this title (article 60c). The Court may 
        affirm only such findings of guilty as the Court finds correct 
        in law, and in fact in accordance with subparagraph (B). The 
        Court may affirm only the sentence, or such part or amount of 
        the sentence, as the Court finds correct in law and fact and 
        determines, on the basis of the entire record, should be 
        approved.
            ``(B) Factual sufficiency review.--(i) In an appeal of a 
        finding of guilty under subsection (b), the Court may consider 
        whether the finding is correct in fact upon request of the 
        accused if the accused makes a specific showing of a deficiency 
        in proof.
            ``(ii) After an accused has made such a showing, the Court 
        may weigh the evidence and determine controverted questions of 
        fact subject to--
                ``(I) appropriate deference to the fact that the trial 
            court saw and heard the witnesses and other evidence; and
                ``(II) appropriate deference to findings of fact 
            entered into the record by the military judge.
            ``(iii) If, as a result of the review conducted under 
        clause (ii), the Court is clearly convinced that the finding of 
        guilty was against the weight of the evidence, the Court may 
        dismiss, set aside, or modify the finding, or affirm a lesser 
        finding.''.
    (c) Review by United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces 
of Factual Sufficiency Rulings.--Section 867(c)(1) of title 10, United 
States Code (article 67(c)(1) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``or'' at the end;
        (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; or''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
        ``(C) the findings set forth in the entry of judgment, as 
    affirmed, dismissed, set aside, or modfied by the Court of Criminal 
    Appeals as incorrect in fact under section 866(d)(1)(B) of this 
    title (article 66(d)(1)(B)).''.
    (d) Inclusion of Additional Information in Annual Reports.--Section 
946a(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code (article 146a(b)(2) of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the end;
        (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(D) an analysis of each case in which a Court of Criminal 
        Appeals made a final determination that a finding of a court-
        martial was clearly against the weight of the evidence, 
        including an explanation of the standard of appellate review 
        applied in such case.''.
    (e) Effective Dates and Applicability.--
        (1) Qualifications of certain judges.--The amendments made by 
    subsection (a) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of 
    this Act, and shall apply with respect to the assignment of 
    appellate military judges on or after that date.
        (2) Review amendments.--The amendments made by subsections (b) 
    and (c) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
    and shall apply with respect to any case in which every finding of 
    guilty entered into the record under section 860c of title 10, 
    United States Code (article 60c of the Uniform Code of Military 
    Justice), is for an offense that occurred on or after that date.
    SEC. 543. PRESERVATION OF COURT-MARTIAL RECORDS.
    Section 940a of title 10, United States Code (article 140a of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(d) Preservation of Court-Martial Records Without Regard to 
Outcome.--The standards and criteria prescribed by the Secretary of 
Defense under subsection (a) shall provide for the preservation of 
general and special court-martial records, without regard to the 
outcome of the proceeding concerned, for not fewer than 15 years.''.
    SEC. 544. AVAILABILITY OF RECORDS FOR NATIONAL INSTANT CRIMINAL 
      BACKGROUND CHECK SYSTEM.
    Section 101(b) of the NICS Improvement Amendments Act of 2007 (34 
U.S.C. 40911(b)) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
    paragraph (2):
        ``(2) Department of defense.--
            ``(A) In general.--Not later than 3 business days after the 
        final disposition of a judicial proceeding conducted within the 
        Department of Defense, the Secretary of Defense shall make 
        available to the Attorney General records which are relevant to 
        a determination of whether a member of the Armed Forces 
        involved in such proceeding is disqualified from possessing or 
        receiving a firearm under subsection (g) or (n) of section 922 
        of title 18, United States Code, for use in background checks 
        performed by the National Instant Criminal Background Check 
        System.
            ``(B) Judicial proceeding defined.--In this paragraph, the 
        term `judicial proceeding' means a hearing--
                ``(i) of which the person received actual notice; and
                ``(ii) at which the person had an opportunity to 
            participate with counsel.''.
    SEC. 545. REMOVAL OF PERSONALLY IDENTIFYING AND OTHER INFORMATION 
      OF CERTAIN PERSONS FROM INVESTIGATIVE REPORTS, THE DEPARTMENT OF 
      DEFENSE CENTRAL INDEX OF INVESTIGATIONS, AND OTHER RECORDS AND 
      DATABASES.
    (a) Policy and Process Required.--Not later than October 1, 2021, 
the Secretary of Defense shall establish and maintain a policy and 
process through which any covered person may request that the person's 
name, personally identifying information, and other information 
pertaining to the person shall, in accordance with subsection (c), be 
corrected in, or expunged or otherwise removed from, the following:
        (1) A law enforcement or criminal investigative report of the 
    Department of Defense or any component of the Department.
        (2) An index item or entry in the Department of Defense Central 
    Index of Investigations (DCII).
        (3) Any other record maintained in connection with a report 
    described in paragraph (1), or an index item or entry described in 
    paragraph (2), in any system of records, records database, records 
    center, or repository maintained by or on behalf of the Department.
    (b) Covered Persons.--For purposes of this section, a covered 
person is any person whose name was placed or reported, or is 
maintained--
        (1) in the subject or title block of a law enforcement or 
    criminal investigative report of the Department of Defense (or any 
    component of the Department);
        (2) as an item or entry in the Department of Defense Central 
    Index of Investigations; or
        (3) in any other record maintained in connection with a report 
    described in paragraph (1), or an index item or entry described in 
    paragraph (2), in any system of records, records database, records 
    center, or repository maintained by or on behalf of the Department.
    (c) Elements.--The policy and process required by subsection (a) 
shall include the following elements:
        (1) Basis for correction or expungement.--That the name, 
    personally identifying information, and other information of a 
    covered person shall be corrected in, or expunged or otherwise 
    removed from, a report, item or entry, or record described in 
    paragraphs (1) through (3) of subsection (a) in the following 
    circumstances:
            (A) Probable cause did not or does not exist to believe 
        that the offense for which the person's name was placed or 
        reported, or is maintained, in such report, item or entry, or 
        record occurred, or insufficient evidence existed or exists to 
        determine whether or not such offense occurred.
            (B) Probable cause did not or does not exist to believe 
        that the person actually committed the offense for which the 
        person's name was so placed or reported, or is so maintained, 
        or insufficient evidence existed or exists to determine whether 
        or not the person actually committed such offense.
            (C) Such other circumstances, or on such other bases, as 
        the Secretary may specify in establishing the policy and 
        process, which circumstances and bases may not be inconsistent 
        with the circumstances and bases provided by subparagraphs (A) 
        and (B).
        (2) Considerations.--While not dispositive as to the existence 
    of a circumstance or basis set forth in paragraph (1), the 
    following shall be considered in the determination whether such 
    circumstance or basis applies to a covered person for purposes of 
    this section:
            (A) The extent or lack of corroborating evidence against 
        the covered person concerned with respect to the offense at 
        issue.
            (B) Whether adverse administrative, disciplinary, judicial, 
        or other such action was initiated against the covered person 
        for the offense at issue.
            (C) The type, nature, and outcome of any action described 
        in subparagraph (B) against the covered person.
        (3) Procedures.--The policy and process required by subsection 
    (a) shall include procedures as follows:
            (A) Procedures under which a covered person may appeal a 
        determination of the applicable component of the Department of 
        Defense denying, whether in whole or in part, a request for 
        purposes of subsection (a).
            (B) Procedures under which the applicable component of the 
        Department will correct, expunge or remove, take other 
        appropriate action on, or assist a covered person in so doing, 
        any record maintained by a person, organization, or entity 
        outside of the Department to which such component provided, 
        submitted, or transmitted information about the covered person, 
        which information has or will be corrected in, or expunged or 
        removed from, Department records pursuant to this section.
            (C) The timeline pursuant to which the Department, or a 
        component of the Department, as applicable, will respond to 
        each of the following:
                (i) A request pursuant to subsection (a).
                (ii) An appeal under the procedures required by 
            subparagraph (A).
                (iii) A request for assistance under the procedures 
            required by subparagraph (B).
            (D) Mechanisms through which the Department will keep a 
        covered person apprised of the progress of the Department on a 
        covered person's request or appeal as described in subparagraph 
        (C).
    (d) Applicability.--The policy and process required to be developed 
by the Secretary under subsection (a) shall not be subject to the 
notice and comment rulemaking requirements under section 553 of title 
5, United States Code.
    (e) Report.--Not later than October 1, 2021, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a report on the actions taken to carry out this 
section, including a comprehensive description of the policy and 
process developed and implemented by the Secretary under subsection 
(a).
    SEC. 546. BRIEFING ON MENTAL HEALTH SUPPORT FOR VICARIOUS TRAUMA 
      FOR CERTAIN PERSONNEL IN THE MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM.
    (a) Briefing Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Judge Advocates General of the Army, the 
Navy, and the Air Force and the Staff Judge Advocate to the Commandant 
of the Marine Corps shall jointly brief the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives on the mental 
health support for vicarious trauma provided to personnel in the 
military justice system specified in subsection (b).
    (b) Personnel.--The personnel specified in this subsection are the 
following:
        (1) Court-martial convening authorities who are members of the 
    Armed Forces.
        (2) Trial counsel.
        (3) Defense counsel.
        (4) Military judges.
        (5) Special Victims' Counsel.
        (6) Military investigative personnel.
    (c) Elements.--The briefing required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
        (1) A description and assessment of the mental health support 
    for vicarious trauma provided to personnel in the military justice 
    system specified in subsection (b), including a description of the 
    support services available and the support services being used.
        (2) A description and assessment of mechanisms to eliminate or 
    reduce stigma in the pursuit by such personnel of such mental 
    health support.
        (3) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
    providing such personnel with breaks between assignments or cases 
    as part of such mental health support in order to reduce the 
    effects of vicarious trauma.
        (4) A description and assessment of the extent, if any, to 
    which duty of such personnel on particular types of cases, or in 
    particular caseloads, contributes to vicarious trauma, and of the 
    extent, if any, to which duty on such cases or caseloads has an 
    effect on retention of such personnel in the Armed Forces.
        (5) A description of the extent, if any, to which such 
    personnel are screened or otherwise assessed for vicarious trauma 
    before discharge or release from the Armed Forces.
        (6) Such other matters in connection with the provision of 
    mental health support for vicarious trauma to such personnel as the 
    Judge Advocates General and the Staff Judge Advocate jointly 
    consider appropriate.
    SEC. 547. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON 
      IMPLEMENTATION BY THE ARMED FORCES OF RECENT GAO RECOMMENDATIONS 
      AND STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS ON ASSESSMENT OF RACIAL, ETHNIC, AND 
      GENDER DISPARITIES IN THE MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM.
    (a) Report Required.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives a report, in writing, on a study, conducted by 
the Comptroller General for purposes of the report, on the 
implementation by the Armed Forces of the following:
        (1) The recommendations in the May 2019 report of the General 
    Accountability Office entitled ``Military Justice: DOD and the 
    Coast Guard Need to Improve Their Capabilities to Assess Racial and 
    Gender Disparities'' (GAO-19-344).
        (2) Requirements in section 540I(b) of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 
    Stat. 1369; 10 U.S.C. 810 note), relating to assessments covered by 
    such recommendations.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include, 
for each recommendation and requirement specified in that subsection, 
the following:
        (1) A description of the actions taken or planned by the 
    Department of Defense, the military department concerned, or the 
    Armed Force concerned to implement such recommendation or 
    requirement.
        (2) An assessment of the extent to which the actions taken to 
    implement such recommendation or requirement, as described pursuant 
    to paragraph (1), are effective or meet the intended objective.
        (3) Any other matters in connection with such recommendation or 
    requirement, and the implementation of such recommendation or 
    requirement by the Armed Forces, that the Comptroller General 
    considers appropriate.
    (c) Briefings.--Not later than May 1, 2021, the Comptroller General 
shall provide the committees referred to in subsection (a) one or more 
briefings on the status of the study required by that subsection, 
including any preliminary findings and recommendations of the 
Comptroller General as a result of the study as of the date of such 
briefing.
    SEC. 548. LEGAL ASSISTANCE FOR VETERANS AND SURVIVING SPOUSES AND 
      DEPENDENTS.
    (a) Availability of Legal Assistance at Facilities of Department of 
Veterans Affairs.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 59 of title 38, United States Code, is 
    amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 5906. Availability of legal assistance at Department facilities
    ``(a) In General.--Not less frequently than three times each year, 
the Secretary shall facilitate the provision by a qualified legal 
assistance clinic of pro bono legal assistance described in subsection 
(c) to eligible individuals at not fewer than one medical center of the 
Department of Veterans Affairs, or such other facility of the 
Department as the Secretary considers appropriate, in each State.
    ``(b) Eligible Individuals.--For purposes of this section, an 
eligible individual is--
        ``(1) any veteran;
        ``(2) any surviving spouse; or
        ``(3) any child of a veteran who has died.
    ``(c) Pro Bono Legal Assistance Described.--The pro bono legal 
assistance described in this subsection is the following:
        ``(1) Legal assistance with any program administered by the 
    Secretary.
        ``(2) Legal assistance associated with--
            ``(A) improving the status of a military discharge or 
        characterization of service in the Armed Forces, including 
        through a discharge review board; or
            ``(B) seeking a review of a military record before a board 
        of correction for military or naval records.
        ``(3) Such other legal assistance as the Secretary--
            ``(A) considers appropriate; and
            ``(B) determines may be needed by eligible individuals.
    ``(d) Limitation on Use of Facilities.--Space in a medical center 
or facility designated under subsection (a) shall be reserved for and 
may only be used by the following, subject to review and removal from 
participation by the Secretary:
        ``(1) A veterans service organization or other nonprofit 
    organization.
        ``(2) A legal assistance clinic associated with an accredited 
    law school.
        ``(3) A legal services organization.
        ``(4) A bar association.
        ``(5) Such other attorneys and entities as the Secretary 
    considers appropriate.
    ``(e) Legal Assistance in Rural Areas.--In carrying out this 
section, the Secretary shall ensure that pro bono legal assistance is 
provided under subsection (a) in rural areas.
    ``(f) Definition of Veterans Service Organization.--In this 
section, the term `veterans service organization' means any 
organization recognized by the Secretary for the representation of 
veterans under section 5902 of this title.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 59 of such title is amended by adding at the end the 
    following new item:

``5906. Availability of legal assistance at Department facilities.''.

    (b) Pilot Program to Establish and Support Legal Assistance 
Clinics.--
        (1) Pilot program required.--
            (A) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
        shall establish a pilot program to assess the feasibility and 
        advisability of awarding grants to eligible entities to 
        establish new legal assistance clinics, or enhance existing 
        legal assistance clinics or other pro bono efforts, for the 
        provision of pro bono legal assistance described in subsection 
        (c) of section 5906 of title 38, United States Code, as added 
        by subsection (a), on a year-round basis to individuals who 
        served in the Armed Forces, including individuals who served in 
        a reserve component of the Armed Forces, and who were 
        discharged or released therefrom, regardless of the conditions 
        of such discharge or release, at locations other than medical 
        centers and facilities described in subsection (a) of such 
        section.
            (B) Rule of construction.--Nothing in subparagraph (A) 
        shall be construed to limit or affect--
                (i) the provision of pro bono legal assistance to 
            eligible individuals at medical centers and facilities of 
            the Department of Veterans Affairs under section 5906(a) of 
            title 38, United States Code, as added by subsection (a); 
            or
                (ii) any other legal assistance provided pro bono at 
            medical centers or facilities of the Department as of the 
            date of the enactment of this Act.
        (2) Eligible entities.--For purposes of the pilot program, an 
    eligible entity is--
            (A) a veterans service organization or other nonprofit 
        organization specifically focused on assisting veterans;
            (B) an entity specifically focused on assisting veterans 
        and associated with an accredited law school;
            (C) a legal services organization or bar association; or
            (D) such other type of entity as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate for purposes of the pilot program.
        (3) Locations.--The Secretary shall ensure that at least one 
    grant is awarded under paragraph (1)(A) to at least one eligible 
    entity in each State, if the Secretary determines that there is 
    such an entity in a State that has applied for, and meets 
    requirements for the award of, such a grant.
        (4) Duration.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot program 
    during the five-year period beginning on the date on which the 
    Secretary establishes the pilot program.
        (5) Application.--An eligible entity seeking a grant under the 
    pilot program shall submit to the Secretary an application 
    therefore at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
    information as the Secretary may require.
        (6) Selection.--The Secretary shall select eligible entities 
    who submit applications under paragraph (5) for the award of grants 
    under the pilot program using a competitive process that takes into 
    account the following:
            (A) Capacity of the applicant entity to serve veterans and 
        ability of the entity to provide sound legal advice.
            (B) Demonstrated need of the veteran population the 
        applicant entity would serve.
            (C) Demonstrated need of the applicant entity for 
        assistance from the grants.
            (D) Geographic diversity of applicant entities.
            (E) Such other criteria as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
        (7) Grantee reports.--Each recipient of a grant under the pilot 
    program shall, in accordance with such criteria as the Secretary 
    may establish, submit to the Secretary a report on the activities 
    of the recipient and how the grant amounts were used.
    (c) Review of Pro Bono Eligibility of Federal Workers.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall, in 
    consultation with the Attorney General and the Director of the 
    Office of Government Ethics, conduct a review of the rules and 
    regulations governing the circumstances under which attorneys 
    employed by the Federal Government can provide pro bono legal 
    assistance.
        (2) Recommendations.--In conducting the review required by 
    paragraph (1), the Secretary shall develop recommendations for such 
    legislative or administrative action as the Secretary considers 
    appropriate to facilitate greater participation by Federal 
    employees in pro bono legal and other volunteer services for 
    veterans.
        (3) Submittal to congress.--Not later than one year after the 
    date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to 
    the appropriate committees of Congress--
            (A) the findings of the Secretary with respect to the 
        review conducted under paragraph (1); and
            (B) the recommendations developed by the Secretary under 
        paragraph (2).
    (d) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report on the status of the implementation of 
this section.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Appropriate committees of congress.--The term ``appropriate 
    committees of Congress'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Veterans' Affairs and the Committee on 
        Appropriations of the Senate; and
            (B) the Committee on Veterans' Affairs and the Committee on 
        Appropriations of the House of Representatives.
        (2) Veterans service organization.--The term ``veterans service 
    organization'' means any organization recognized by the Secretary 
    for the representation of veterans under section 5902 of title 38, 
    United States Code.
    SEC. 549. CLARIFICATION OF TERMINATION OF LEASES OF PREMISES AND 
      MOTOR VEHICLES OF SERVICEMEMBERS WHO INCUR CATASTROPHIC INJURY OR 
      ILLNESS OR DIE WHILE IN MILITARY SERVICE.
    (a) Catastrophic Injuries and Illnesses.--Paragraph (4) of section 
305(a) of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 3955(a)) is 
amended to read as follows:
        ``(4) Catastrophic injury or illness of lessee.--
            ``(A) Termination.--If the lessee on a lease described in 
        subsection (b) incurs a catastrophic injury or illness during a 
        period of military service or while performing covered service, 
        during the one-year period beginning on the date on which the 
        lessee incurs such injury or illness--
                ``(i) the lessee may terminate the lease; or
                ``(ii) in the case of a lessee who lacks the mental 
            capacity to contract or to manage his or her own affairs 
            (including disbursement of funds without limitation) due to 
            such injury or illness, the spouse or dependent of the 
            lessee may terminate the lease.
            ``(B) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
                ``(i) The term `catastrophic injury or illness' has the 
            meaning given that term in section 439(g) of title 37, 
            United States Code.
                ``(ii) The term `covered service' means full-time 
            National Guard duty, active Guard and Reserve duty, or 
            inactive-duty training (as such terms are defined in 
            section 101(d) of title 10, United States Code).''.
    (b) Deaths.--Paragraph (3) of such section is amended by striking 
``The spouse of the lessee'' and inserting ``The spouse or dependent of 
the lessee''.
SEC. 549A. MULTIDISCIPLINARY BOARD TO EVALUATE SUICIDE EVENTS.
    (a) Guidance Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall issue 
guidance that requires each suicide event involving of a member of a 
covered Armed Force to be reviewed by a multidisciplinary board 
established at the command or installation level, or by the Chief of 
the covered Armed Force. Such guidance shall require that, for each 
suicide event reviewed by such a board, the board shall--
        (1) clearly define the objective, purpose, and outcome of the 
    review;
        (2) take a multidisciplinary approach to the review and 
    include, as part of the review process, leaders of military units, 
    medical and mental health professionals, and representatives of 
    military criminal investigative organizations; and
        (3) take appropriate steps to protect and share information 
    obtained from ongoing investigations into the event (such as 
    medical and law enforcement reports).
    (b) Implementation by Covered Armed Forces.--Not later than 90 days 
after the date on which the guidance is issued under subsection (a), 
the Chiefs of the covered Armed Forces shall implement the guidance.
    (c) Progress Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the progress of the 
Secretary in implementing the guidance required under subsection (a).
    (d) Covered Armed Forces Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered Armed Forces'' means the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, 
and Space Force.
SEC. 549B. IMPROVEMENTS TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TRACKING OF AND 
RESPONSE TO INCIDENTS OF CHILD ABUSE, ADULT CRIMES AGAINST CHILDREN, 
AND SERIOUS HARMFUL BEHAVIOR BETWEEN CHILDREN AND YOUTH INVOLVING 
MILITARY DEPENDENTS ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.
    (a) Improvements Required.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall, consistent 
    with recommendations of the Comptroller General of the United 
    States in Government Accountability Office report GA0-20-110, take 
    actions in accordance with this section in order to improve the 
    efforts of the Department of Defense to track and respond to 
    incidents of serious harm to children involving dependents of 
    members of the Armed Forces that occur on military installations 
    (in this section referred to as ``covered incidents of serious harm 
    to children'').
        (2) Serious harm to children defined.--In this section, the 
    term ``serious harm to children'' includes the following:
            (A) Caregiver child abuse involving physical abuse, sexual 
        abuse, emotional abuse, or neglect.
            (B) Non-caregiver adult crimes against children.
            (C) Serious harmful behaviors between children and youth of 
        a physical, sexual, or emotional nature.
    (b) Data Collection and Tracking of Incidents of Harm to 
Children.--
        (1) Non-caregiver adult crimes against children.--The Secretary 
    of Defense shall establish a process for the Department of Defense 
    to track reported covered incidents of serious harm to children 
    described in subsection (a)(2)(B) in which the alleged offender is 
    an adult who is not a parent, guardian, or someone in a caregiving 
    role at the time of the incident. The information so tracked shall 
    comport with the information tracked by the Department in reported 
    covered incidents of serious harm to children in which the alleged 
    offender is a parent, guardian, or someone in a caregiving role at 
    the time of the incident.
        (2) Serious harmful behaviors between children and youth.--
            (A) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
        maintain in the Department of Defense a centralized database to 
        track incidents of serious harmful behaviors between children 
        and youth described in subsection (a)(2)(C), including 
        information across the Department on problematic sexual 
        behavior in children and youth that are reported to an 
        appropriate office, as determined by the Secretary, or 
        investigated by a military criminal investigative organization, 
        regardless of whether the alleged offender was another child, 
        an adult, or someone in a non-caregiving role at the time of an 
        incident.
            (B) Elements.--The centralized database required by this 
        paragraph shall include, for each incident within the database, 
        the following:
                (i) Information pertinent to a determination by the 
            Department on whether such incident meets the definition of 
            an incident of serious harmful behavior between children 
            and youth.
                (ii) The results of any investigation of such incident 
            by a military criminal investigative organization.
                (iii) Information on the ultimate disposition of the 
            incident, if any, including any administrative or 
            prosecutorial action taken.
            (C) Annual reports on information.--The information 
        collected and maintained in the centralized database required 
        by this paragraph shall be reported on an annual basis as part 
        of the annual reports by the Secretary on child abuse and 
        domestic abuse in the military as required by section 574 of 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
        (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2141).
            (D) Briefings.--Not later than March 31, 2021, and every 
        six months thereafter until the centralized database required 
        by this paragraph is fully operational, the Secretary shall 
        brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
        House of Representatives on the status of the database.
        (3) Department of defense reporting guidance.--The Secretary of 
    Defense shall issue guidance regarding which incidents of serious 
    harmful behavior between children and youth require reporting to 
    the Family Advocacy Program, a military criminal investigative 
    organization, or another component of the Department of Defense 
    designated by the Secretary.
    (c) Response Procedures for Incidents of Serious Harm to Children 
Reported to Family Advocacy Programs.--
        (1) Incident determination committee membership.--The Secretary 
    of Defense shall ensure that the voting membership of each Incident 
    Determination Committee, as defined in paragraph (7), on a military 
    installation includes medical personnel with the knowledge and 
    expertise required to determine whether a reported incident of 
    serious harm to a child meets the criteria of the Department of 
    Defense for treatment as child abuse.
        (2) Screening reported incidents of serious harm to children.--
            (A) Development of standardized process.--The Secretary of 
        Defense shall develop a standardized process by which the 
        Family Advocacy Programs of the military departments screen 
        reported covered incidents of serious harm to children to 
        determine whether to present such incident to an Incident 
        Determination Committee.
            (B) Monitoring.--The Secretary of each military department 
        shall develop a process to monitor the manner in which reported 
        incidents of serious harm to children are screened by each 
        installation under the jurisdiction of such Secretary in order 
        to ensure that such screening complies with the standardized 
        screening process developed pursuant to subparagraph (A).
        (3) Required notifications.--
            (A) Documentation.--The Secretary of each military 
        department shall require that installation Family Advocacy 
        Programs and military criminal investigative organizations 
        under the jurisdiction of such Secretary document in their 
        respective databases the date on which they notified the other 
        of a reported incident of serious harm to a child.
            (B) Oversight.--The Secretary of each military department 
        shall require that the Family Advocacy Program of such military 
        department, and the headquarters of the military criminal 
        investigative organizations of such military department, 
        develop processes to oversee the documentation of notifications 
        required by subparagraph (A) in order to ensure that such 
        notifications occur on a consistent basis at installation 
        level.
        (4) Certified pediatric sexual assault forensic examiners.--
            (A) Geographic regions for examiners.--The Secretary of 
        Defense shall specify geographic regions in which military 
        families reside for purposes of the availability of and access 
        to certified pediatric sexual assault examiners in such 
        regions.
            (B) Availability.--The Secretary shall ensure that--
                (i) one or more certified pediatric sexual assault 
            examiners are located in each geographic region specified 
            pursuant to subparagraph (A); and
                (ii) examiners so located serve as certified pediatric 
            sexual assault examiners throughout such region, without 
            regard to Armed Force or installation.
        (5) Removal of children from unsafe homes overseas.--The 
    Secretary of Defense shall issue policy that clarifies and 
    standardizes across the Armed Forces the circumstances under which 
    a commander may remove a child from a potentially unsafe home at an 
    installation overseas.
        (6) Resource guide for victims of serious harm to children.--
            (A) In general.--The Secretary of each military department 
        shall develop and maintain a comprehensive guide on resources 
        available through the Department of Defense and such military 
        department for military families under the jurisdiction of such 
        Secretary who are victims of serious harm to children.
            (B) Elements.--Each guide under this paragraph shall 
        include the following:
                (i) Information on the response processes of the Family 
            Advocacy Programs and military criminal investigative 
            organizations of the military department concerned.
                (ii) Lists of available support services, such as 
            legal, medical, and victim advocacy services, through the 
            Department of Defense and the military department 
            concerned.
            (C) Distribution.--A resource guide under this paragraph 
        shall be presented to a military family by an installation 
        Family Advocacy Program and military criminal investigative 
        personnel when a covered incident of serious harm to a child 
        involving a child in such family is reported.
            (D) Availability on internet.--A current version of each 
        resource guide under this paragraph shall be available to the 
        public on an Internet website of the military department 
        concerned available to the public.
        (7) Incident determination committee defined.--In this 
    subsection, the term ``Incident Determination Committee'' means a 
    committee established at a military installation that is 
    responsible for reviewing reported incidents of child abuse and 
    determining whether such incidents constitute serious harm to 
    children according to the applicable criteria of the Department of 
    Defense.
    (d) Coordination and Collaboration With Non-military Resources.--
        (1) Consultation with states.--The Secretary of Defense shall--
            (A) continue the outreach efforts of the Department of 
        Defense to the States in order to ensure that States are 
        notified when a member of the Armed Forces or a military 
        dependent is involved in a reported incident of serious harm to 
        a child off a military installation; and
            (B) increase efforts at information sharing between the 
        Department and the States on such incidents of serious harm to 
        children, including entry into memoranda of understanding with 
        State child welfare agencies on information sharing in 
        connection with such incidents.
        (2) Collaboration with national children's alliance.--
            (A) Memoranda of understanding.--The Secretary of each 
        military department shall seek to enter into a memorandum of 
        understanding with the National Children's Alliance, or similar 
        organization, under which--
                (i) the children's advocacy center services of the 
            Alliance are available to all installations in the 
            continental United States under the jurisdiction of such 
            Secretary; and
                (ii) members of the Armed Forces under the jurisdiction 
            of such Secretary are made aware of the nature and 
            availability of such services.
            (B) Participation of certain entities.--Each memorandum of 
        understanding under this paragraph shall provide for the 
        appropriate participation of the Family Advocacy Program and 
        military criminal investigative organizations of the military 
        department concerned in activities under such memorandum of 
        understanding.
            (C) Briefing.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of each military 
        department shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of 
        the Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing on the 
        status of the development of a memorandum of understanding with 
        the National Children's Alliance under this paragraph, together 
        with information on which installations, if any, under the 
        jurisdiction of such Secretary have entered into a written 
        agreement with a local children's advocacy center with respect 
        to serious harm to children on such installations.
SEC. 549C. INDEPENDENT ANALYSIS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON DOMESTIC 
VIOLENCE IN THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Analysis and Recommendations.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter 
    into a contract or other agreement with an appropriate entity in 
    the private sector (including a Federally funded research and 
    development center) for the conduct of an analysis and the 
    development of recommendations on means to improve the 
    effectiveness of the covered Armed Forces in responding to and 
    preventing domestic violence.
        (2) Expertise.--The entity with which the Secretary enters into 
    a contract or agreement pursuant to this section shall have 
    expertise in--
            (A) scientific and other research relating to domestic 
        violence; and
            (B) science-based strategies for the prevention, 
        intervention, and response to domestic violence.
    (b) Scope of Analysis and Recommendations.--Under the contract or 
agreement entered into pursuant to subsection (a), the entity concerned 
shall analyze and develop recommendations for the Secretary with 
respect to each of the following:
        (1) The risk of domestic violence at various stages of military 
    service, including identification of--
            (A) stages at which there is a higher than average risk of 
        domestic violence; and
            (B) stages at which the implementation of domestic violence 
        prevention strategies may have the greatest preventive effect.
        (2) The use and dissemination of domestic violence prevention 
    resources throughout the stages of military service, including 
    providing new members with training in domestic violence 
    prevention.
        (3) Best practices for the targeting of domestic violence 
    prevention resources toward those with a higher risk of domestic 
    violence.
        (4) Strategies to prevent domestic violence by training, 
    educating, and assigning prevention-related responsibilities to--
            (A) commanders;
            (B) medical, behavioral, and mental health service 
        providers;
            (C) family advocacy program representatives;
            (D) Military Family Life Consultants; and
            (E) other individuals and entities with responsibilities 
        that may be relevant to addressing domestic violence.
        (5) The efficacy of providing survivors of domestic violence 
    with the option to request expedited transfers, and the effects of 
    such transfers.
        (6) Improvements to procedures for reporting appropriate legal 
    actions to the National Crime Information Center, and the efficacy 
    of such procedures.
        (7) The effects of domestic violence on--
            (A) housing for military families;
            (B) the education of military dependent children;
            (C) member work assignments and careers; and
            (D) the health of members and their families, including 
        short-term and long-term health effects and effects on mental 
        health.
        (8) Age-appropriate training and education programs for 
    students attending schools operated by the Department of Defense 
    Education Activity that are designed to assist such students in 
    learning positive relationship behaviors in families and with 
    intimate partners.
        (9) The potential effects of requiring military protective 
    orders to be issued by a military judge, including whether such a 
    requirement would increase the enforcement of military protective 
    orders by civilian law enforcement agencies outside the boundaries 
    of military installations.
        (10) Whether prevention of domestic violence would be enhanced 
    by raising the disposition authority for offenses of domestic 
    violence to an officer who is--
            (A) in grade 0-6 or above;
            (B) in the chain of command of the accused; and
            (C) authorized by chapter 47 of title 10, United States 
        Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), to convene special 
        courts martial.
        (11) Means of improving access to resources for survivors of 
    domestic violence throughout the stages of military service.
        (12) Any other matters the Secretary specifies in the contract 
    or agreement with respect to--
            (A) decreasing the frequency of domestic violence committed 
        by or upon members of the covered Armed Forces and their 
        dependents; and
            (B) reducing the severity of such violence.
    (c) Access to Information and Facilities.--The Secretary shall 
provide the entity with which the Secretary contracts or enters into an 
agreement pursuant to subsection (a) such access to information and 
facilities of the Department of Defense as the Secretary and the entity 
jointly consider appropriate for the analysis and development of 
recommendations required by the contract.
    (d) Report to Secretary of Defense.--
        (1) In general.--The contract or agreement pursuant to 
    subsection (a) shall require the entity with which the Secretary 
    contracts or enters into agreement to submit to the Secretary a 
    report on the analysis conducted and recommendations developed by 
    the entity under the contract or agreement by not later than one 
    year after the date of entry into the contract or agreement.
        (2) Elements.--The report required pursuant to paragraph (1) 
    shall include the following:
            (A) A comprehensive description of the analysis conducted 
        by the entity concerned under the contract or agreement.
            (B) A list of the recommendations developed by the entity, 
        including, for each such recommendation, a justification for 
        such recommendation.
            (C) Such other matters as the Secretary shall specify in 
        the contract or agreement.
    (e) Report to Congress.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after receipt of the 
    report required pursuant to subsection (d), the Secretary shall 
    submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
    House of Representatives a report on means to improve the 
    effectiveness of the covered Armed Forces in responding to and 
    preventing domestic violence.
        (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) The report received by the Secretary pursuant to 
        subsection (d).
            (B) For each recommendation included in the report pursuant 
        to subsection (d) by reason of paragraph (2)(B) of that 
        subsection--
                (i) an assessment by the Secretary of the feasibility 
            and advisability of implementing such recommendation; and
                (ii) if the Secretary considers the implementation of 
            such recommendation feasible and advisable, a description 
            of the actions taken, or to be taken, to implement such 
            recommendation.
            (C) Such other matters relating to the improvement of the 
        effectiveness of the covered Armed Forces in responding to and 
        preventing domestic violence as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate in light of the report pursuant to subsection (d).
    (f) Funding.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2021 for the Department of Defense by section 301 and 
available for operation and maintenance, Defense wide, as specified in 
the funding table in section 4301, $1,000,000 shall be available for 
contract or agreement entered into pursuant to subsection (a).
    (g) Covered Armed Forces Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered Armed Forces'' means the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and 
the Marine Corps.

                  Subtitle F--Diversity and Inclusion

    SEC. 551. DIVERSITY AND INCLUSION REPORTING REQUIREMENTS AND 
      RELATED MATTERS.
    (a) Standard Diversity and Inclusion Metrics and Annual Report 
Requirements.--
        (1) In general.--Section 113 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended--
            (A) in subsection (c)--
                (i) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as 
            paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively; and
                (ii) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
            paragraph (2):
        ``(2) a report from each military department on the status of 
    diversity and inclusion in such department;'';
            (B) in subsection (g)(1)(B), by inserting after clause 
        (vi), the following new clause (vii):
        ``(vii) Strategic goals related to diversity and inclusion in 
    the armed forces, and an assessment of measures of performance 
    related to the efforts of the armed forces to reflect the diverse 
    population of the United States eligible to serve in the armed 
    forces.'';
            (C) by redesignating subsections (m) and (n) as subsections 
        (n) and (o), respectively; and
            (D) by inserting after subsection (k) the following new 
        subsections (l) and (m):
    ``(l)(1) The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the 
Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating, 
shall establish metrics to measure--
        ``(A) efforts to reflect across all grades comprising the 
    officer and enlisted corps of each armed force the diverse 
    population of the United States eligible to serve in the armed 
    forces; and
        ``(B) the efforts of the armed forces to generate and maintain 
    a ready military force that will prevail in war, prevent and deter 
    conflict, defeat adversaries, and succeed in a wide range of 
    contingencies.
    ``(2) In implementing the requirement in paragraph (1), the 
Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretary of the 
Department in which the Coast Guard is operating, shall--
        ``(A) ensure that data elements, data collection methodologies, 
    and reporting processes and structures pertinent to each metric 
    established pursuant to that paragraph are comparable across the 
    armed forces, to the extent practicable;
        ``(B) establish standard classifications that members of the 
    armed forces may use to self-identify their gender, race, or 
    ethnicity, which classifications shall be consistent with Office of 
    Management and Budget Number Directive 15, entitled `Race and 
    Ethnic Standards for Federal Statistics and Administrative 
    Reporting', or any successor directive;
        ``(C) define conscious and unconscious bias with respect to 
    matters of diversity and inclusion, and provide guidance to 
    eliminate such bias;
        ``(D) conduct a barrier analysis to review demographic 
    diversity patterns across the military life cycle, starting with 
    enlistment or accession into the armed forces, in order to--
            ``(i) identify barriers to increasing diversity;
            ``(ii) develop and implement plans and processes to resolve 
        or eliminate any barriers to diversity; and
            ``(iii) review the progress of the armed forces in 
        implementing previous plans and processes to resolve or 
        eliminate barriers to diversity;
        ``(E) develop and implement plans and processes to ensure that 
    advertising and marketing to promote enlistment or accession into 
    the armed forces is representative of the diverse population of the 
    United States eligible to serve in the armed forces; and
        ``(F) meet annually with the Secretaries of the military 
    departments, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the 
    Chiefs of Staff of the Armed Forces to assess progress toward 
    diversity and inclusion across the armed forces and to elicit 
    recommendations and advice for enhancing diversity and inclusion in 
    the armed forces
    ``(m) Accompanying each national defense strategy provided to the 
congressional defense committees in accordance with subsection 
(g)(1)(D), the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretary 
of the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating, shall provide 
a report that sets forth a detailed discussion, current as of the 
preceding fiscal year, of the following:
        ``(1) The number of officers and enlisted members of the armed 
    forces, including the reserve components, disaggregated by gender, 
    race, and ethnicity, for each grade in each armed force.
        ``(2) The number of members of the armed forces, including the 
    reserve components, who were promoted during the fiscal year 
    covered by such report, disaggregated by gender, race, and 
    ethnicity, for each grade in each armed force, and of the number so 
    promoted, the number promoted below, in, and above the applicable 
    promotion zone.
        ``(3) The number of members of the armed forces, including the 
    reserve components, who were enlisted or accessed into the armed 
    forces during the fiscal year covered by such report, disaggregated 
    by gender, race, and ethnicity, in each armed force.
        ``(4) The number of graduates of each military service academy 
    during the fiscal year covered by such report, disaggregated by 
    gender, race, and ethnicity, for each military department and the 
    United States Coast Guard.
        ``(5) The number of members of the armed forces, including the 
    reserve components, who reenlisted or otherwise extended a 
    commitment to military service during the fiscal year covered by 
    such report, disaggregated by gender, race, and ethnicity, for each 
    grade in each armed force.
        ``(6) An assessment of the pool of officers best qualified for 
    promotion to grades O-9 and O-10, disaggregated by gender, race, 
    and ethnicity, in each military department and the United States 
    Coast Guard.
        ``(7) Any other matter the Secretary considers appropriate.''.
        (2) Public availability of reports.--Not later than 72 hours 
    after submitting to the congressional defense committees a report 
    required by subsection (m) of section 113 of title 10, United 
    States Code (as amended by paragraph (1)), the Secretary of Defense 
    shall make the report available on an Internet website of the 
    Department of Defense available to the public. In so making a 
    report available, the Secretary shall ensure that any data included 
    in the report is made available in a machine-readable format that 
    is downloadable, searchable, and sortable.
        (3) Construction of metrics.--
            (A) With merit-based processes.--Any metric established 
        pursuant to subsection (l) of section 113 of title 10, United 
        States Code (as so amended), may not be used in a manner that 
        undermines the merit-based processes of the Department of 
        Defense and the Coast Guard, including such processes for 
        accession, retention, and promotion.
            (B) With other matters.--Any such metric may not be used to 
        identify or specify specific quotas based upon diversity 
        characteristics. The Secretary concerned shall continue to 
        account for diversified language and cultural skills among the 
        total force of the Armed Forces.
        (4) Repeal of superseded reporting requirement.--Section 115a 
    of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (g); and
            (B) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (g).
    (b) Requirement to Consider All Best Qualified Officers for 
Promotion to O-9 and O-10 Grades.--
        (1) In general.--Section 601 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Prior to making a recommendation to the Secretary of Defense 
for the nomination of an officer for appointment to a position of 
importance and responsibility under this section, which appointment 
would result in the initial appointment of the officer concerned in the 
grade of lieutenant general or general in the Army, Air Force, or 
Marine Corps, vice admiral or admiral in the Navy, or the commensurate 
grades in the Space Force, the Secretary concerned shall consider all 
officers determined to be among the best qualified for such 
position.''.
        (2) Coast guard.--Section 305(a) of title 14, United States 
    Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(4) Prior to making a recommendation to the President for the 
nomination of an officer for appointment to a position of importance 
and responsibility under this section, which appointment would result 
in the initial appointment of the officer concerned in the grade of 
vice admiral, the Commandant shall consider all officers determined to 
be among the best qualified for such position.''.
    (c) Report on Findings of Defense Board on Diversity and Inclusion 
in the Military.--
        (1) In general.--Upon the completion by the Defense Board on 
    Diversity and Inclusion in the Military of its report on actionable 
    recommendations to increase diversity and ensure equal opportunity 
    across all grades of the Armed Forces, the Secretary of Defense 
    shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
    the House of Representatives a report on the report of the Defense 
    Board, including the findings and recommendations of the Defense 
    Board.
        (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) A comprehensive description of the findings and 
        recommendations of the Defense Board in its report referred to 
        in paragraph (1).
            (B) A comprehensive description of any actionable 
        recommendations of the Defense Board in its report.
            (C) A description of the actions proposed to be undertaken 
        by the Secretary in connection with such recommendations, and a 
        timeline for implementation of such actions.
            (D) Any data used by the Defense Board and in the 
        development of its findings and recommendations.
            (E) A description of the resources used by the Defense 
        Board for its report, and a description and assessment of any 
        shortfalls in such resources for purposes of the Defense Board.
    (d) Defense Advisory Committee on Diversity and Inclusion in the 
Armed Forces Matters.--
        (1) Report.--At the same time the Secretary of Defense submits 
    the report required by subsection (c), the Secretary shall also 
    submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
    House of Representatives a report on the Defense Advisory Committee 
    on Diversity and Inclusion in the Armed Forces.
        (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) The mission statement or purpose of the Advisory 
        Committee, and any proposed objectives and goals of the 
        Advisory Committee.
            (B) A description of current members of the Advisory 
        Committee and the criteria used for selecting members.
            (C) A description of the duties and scope of activities of 
        the Advisory Committee.
            (D) The reporting structure of the Advisory Committee.
            (E) An estimate of the annual operating costs and staff 
        years of the Advisory Committee.
            (F) An estimate of the number and frequency of meetings of 
        the Advisory Committee.
            (G) Any subcommittees, established or proposed, that would 
        support the Advisory Committee.
        (3) Notice and wait on dissolution.--The Secretary may not 
    dissolve the Defense Advisory Committee on Diversity and Inclusion 
    in the Armed Forces until 60 days after the date on which the 
    Secretary submits to the committees of Congress specified in 
    paragraph (1) a notice on the dissolution of the Advisory 
    Committee.
    SEC. 552. NATIONAL EMERGENCY EXCEPTION FOR TIMING REQUIREMENTS WITH 
      RESPECT TO CERTAIN SURVEYS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Members of Regular and Reserve Components.--Subsection (d) of 
section 481 of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(d) When Surveys Required.--(1) The Armed Forces Workplace and 
Gender Relations Surveys of the Active Duty and the Armed Forces 
Workplace and Gender Relations Survey of the Reserve Components shall 
each be conducted once every two years. The surveys may be conducted 
within the same year or in two separate years, and shall be conducted 
in a manner designed to reduce the burden of the surveys on members of 
the armed forces.
    ``(2) The two Armed Forces Workplace and Equal Opportunity Surveys 
shall be conducted at least once every four years. The surveys may be 
conducted within the same year or in two separate years, and shall be 
conducted in a manner designed to reduce the burden of the surveys on 
members of the armed forces.
    ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense may postpone the conduct of a 
survey under this section if the Secretary determines that conducting 
such survey is not practicable due to a war or national emergency 
declared by the President or Congress.
    ``(B) The Secretary shall ensure that a survey postponed under 
subparagraph (A) is conducted as soon as practicable after the end of 
the period of war or national emergency concerned, or earlier if the 
Secretary determines appropriate.
    ``(C) The Secretary shall notify Congress of a determination under 
subparagraph (A) not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
Secretary makes such determination.''.
    (b) Cadets and Midshipmen.--
        (1) United states military academy.--Section 7461(c) of title 
    10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
    following new paragraph:
    ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense may postpone the conduct of an 
assessment under this subsection if the Secretary determines that 
conducting such assessment is not practicable due to a war or national 
emergency declared by the President or Congress.
    ``(B) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that an assessment 
postponed under subparagraph (A) is conducted as soon as practicable 
after the end of the period of war or national emergency concerned, or 
earlier if the Secretary determines appropriate.
    ``(C) The Secretary of Defense shall notify Congress of a 
determination under subparagraph (A) not later than 30 days after the 
date on which the Secretary makes such determination.''.
        (2) United states naval academy.--Section 8480(c) of such title 
    is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense may postpone the conduct of an 
assessment under this subsection if the Secretary determines that 
conducting such assessment is not practicable due to a war or national 
emergency declared by the President or Congress.
    ``(B) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that an assessment 
postponed under subparagraph (A) is conducted as soon as practicable 
after the end of the period of war or national emergency concerned, or 
earlier if the Secretary determines appropriate.
    ``(C) The Secretary of Defense shall notify Congress of a 
determination under subparagraph (A) not later than 30 days after the 
date on which the Secretary makes such determination.''.
        (3) United states air force academy.--Section 9461(c) of such 
    title is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense may postpone the conduct of an 
assessment under this subsection if the Secretary determines that 
conducting such assessment is not practicable due to a war or national 
emergency declared by the President or Congress.
    ``(B) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that an assessment 
postponed under subparagraph (A) is conducted as soon as practicable 
after the end of the period of war or national emergency concerned, or 
earlier if the Secretary determines appropriate.
    ``(C) The Secretary of Defense shall notify Congress of a 
determination under subparagraph (A) not later than 30 days after the 
date on which the Secretary makes such determination.''.
    (c) Department of Defense Civilian Employees.--Section 481a of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(d) Postponement.--(1) The Secretary of Defense may postpone the 
conduct of a survey under this section if the Secretary determines that 
conducting such survey is not practicable due to a war or national 
emergency declared by the President or Congress.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall ensure that a survey postponed under 
paragraph (1) is conducted as soon as practicable after the end of the 
period of war or national emergency concerned, or earlier if the 
Secretary determines appropriate.
    ``(3) The Secretary shall notify Congress of a determination under 
paragraph (1) not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
Secretary makes such determination.''.
    SEC. 553. QUESTIONS REGARDING RACISM, ANTI-SEMITISM, AND 
      SUPREMACISM IN WORKPLACE SURVEYS ADMINISTERED BY THE SECRETARY OF 
      DEFENSE.
    Section 593 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(a) Questions Required.--'' before ``The 
    Secretary'';
        (2) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, racist, anti-Semitic, or 
    supremacist'' after ``extremist''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b) Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the Secretary shall 
provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a briefing including--
        ``(1) the text of the questions included in surveys under 
    subsection (a); and
        ``(2) which surveys include such questions.''.
    SEC. 554. INSPECTOR GENERAL OVERSIGHT OF DIVERSITY AND INCLUSION IN 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE; SUPREMACIST, EXTREMIST, OR CRIMINAL GANG 
      ACTIVITY IN THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Establishment of Additional Deputy Inspector General of the 
Department of Defense.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall appoint, in 
    the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of Defense, 
    an additional Deputy Inspector General who--
            (A) shall be a member of the Senior Executive Service of 
        the Department; and
            (B) shall report directly to and serve under the authority, 
        direction, and control of the Inspector General.
        (2) Duties.--Subject to the Inspector General Act of 1978 
    (Public Law 95-452; 5 U.S.C. App.), the Deputy Inspector General 
    shall have the following duties:
            (A) Conducting and supervising audits, investigations, and 
        evaluations of policies, programs, systems, and processes of 
        the Department--
                (i) to determine the effect of such policies, programs, 
            systems, and processes regarding personnel on diversity and 
            inclusion in the Department; and
                (ii) to prevent and respond to supremacist, extremist, 
            and criminal gang activity of a member of the Armed Forces, 
            including the duties of the Inspector General under 
            subsection (b).
            (B) Additional duties prescribed by the Secretary or 
        Inspector General.
        (3) Coordination of efforts.--In carrying out the duties under 
    paragraph (2), the Deputy Inspector General shall coordinate with, 
    and receive the cooperation of the following:
            (A) The Inspector General of the Army.
            (B) The Inspector General of the Navy.
            (C) The Inspector General of the Air Force.
            (D) The other Deputy Inspectors General of the Department.
        (4) Reports.--
            (A) One-time report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Inspector General shall 
        submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
        the House of Representatives a report describing, with respect 
        to the Deputy Inspector General appointed under this 
        subsection:
                (i) the duties and responsibilities to be assigned to 
            such Deputy Inspector General;
                (ii) the organization, structure, staffing, and funding 
            of the office established to support such Deputy Inspector 
            General in the execution of such duties and 
            responsibilities;
                (iii) challenges to the establishment of such Deputy 
            Inspector General and such office, including any shortfalls 
            in personnel and funding; and
                (iv) the date by which the Inspector General expects 
            such Deputy Inspector General and the office will reach 
            full operational capability.
            (B) Semiannual reports.--Not later than 30 days after the 
        end of the second and fourth quarters of each fiscal year 
        beginning in fiscal year 2022, the Deputy Inspector General 
        shall submit to the Secretary and the Inspector General a 
        report including a summary of the activities of the Deputy 
        Inspector General during the two fiscal quarters preceding the 
        date of the report.
            (C) Annual reports.--The Deputy Inspector General shall 
        submit, through the Secretary and Inspector General, to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives annual reports presenting findings and 
        recommendations regarding--
                (i) the effects of policies, programs, systems, and 
            processes of the Department, regarding personnel, on 
            diversity and inclusion in the Department; and
                (ii) the effectiveness of such policies, programs, 
            systems, and processes in preventing and responding to 
            supremacist, extremist, and criminal gang activity of a 
            member of the Armed Forces.
            (D) Occasional reports.--The Deputy Inspector General 
        shall, from time to time, submit to the Secretary and the 
        Inspector General additional reports as the Secretary or 
        Inspector General may direct.
            (E) Online publication.--The Deputy Inspector General shall 
        publish each report under this paragraph on a publicly 
        accessible website of the Department not later than 21 days 
        after submitting such report to the Secretary, Inspector 
        General, or the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
        the House of Representatives.
    (b) Establishment of Standard Policies, Processes, Tracking 
Mechanisms, and Reporting Requirements for Supremacist, Extremist, and 
Criminal Gang Activity in Certain Armed Forces.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
    policies, processes, and mechanisms, standard across the covered 
    Armed Forces, that ensure that--
            (A) all allegations (and related information) that a member 
        of a covered Armed Force has engaged in a prohibited activity, 
        are referred to the Inspector General of the Department of 
        Defense;
            (B) the Inspector General can document and track the 
        referral, for purposes of an investigation or inquiry of an 
        allegation described in paragraph (1), to--
                (i) a military criminal investigative organization;
                (ii) an inspector general;
                (iii) a military police or security police 
            organization;
                (iv) a military commander;
                (v) another organization or official of the Department; 
            or
                (vi) a civilian law enforcement organization or 
            official;
            (C) the Inspector General can document and track the 
        referral, to a military commander or other appropriate 
        authority, of the final report of an investigation or inquiry 
        described in subparagraph (B) for action;
            (D) the Inspector General can document the determination of 
        whether a member described in subparagraph (A) engaged in 
        prohibited activity;
            (E) the Inspector General can document whether a member of 
        a covered Armed Force was subject to action (including 
        judicial, disciplinary, adverse, or corrective administrative 
        action) or no action, as the case may be, based on a 
        determination described in subparagraph (D); and
            (F) the Inspector General can provide, or track the 
        referral to a civilian law enforcement agency of, any 
        information described in this paragraph.
        (2) Report.--Not later than December 1 of each year beginning 
    after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
    Defense shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
    report on the policies, processes, and mechanisms implemented under 
    paragraph (1). Each report shall include, with respect to the 
    fiscal year preceding the date of the report, the following:
            (A) The total number of referrals received by the Inspector 
        General under paragraph (1)(A);
            (B) The total number of investigations and inquiries 
        conducted pursuant to a referral described in paragraph (1)(B);
            (C) The total number of members of a covered Armed Force 
        who, on the basis of determinations described in paragraph 
        (1)(D) that the members engaged in prohibited activity, were 
        subject to action described in paragraph (1)(E), including--
                (i) court-martial,
                (ii) other criminal prosecution,
                (iii) non-judicial punishment under Article 15 of the 
            Uniform Code of Military Justice; or
                (iv) administrative action, including involuntary 
            discharge from the Armed Forces, a denial of reenlistment, 
            or counseling.
            (D) The total number of members of a covered Armed Force 
        described in paragraph (1)(A) who were not subject to action 
        described in paragraph (1)(E), notwithstanding determinations 
        described in paragraph (1)(D) that such members engaged in 
        prohibited activity.
            (E) The total number of referrals described in paragraph 
        (1)(F).
        (3) Definitions.--In this subsection:
            (A) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means--
                (i) the Committee on the Judiciary and the Committee on 
            Armed Services of the Senate; and
                (ii) the Committee on the Judiciary and the Committee 
            on Armed Services of the House of Representatives.
            (B) The term ``covered Armed Force'' means an Armed Force 
        under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military 
        department.
            (C) The term ``prohibited activity'' means an activity 
        prohibited under Department of Defense Instruction 1325.06, 
        titled ``Handling Dissident and Protest Activities Among 
        Members of the Armed Forces'', or any successor instruction.
    SEC. 555. POLICY TO IMPROVE RESPONSES TO PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH 
      BY CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Policy Required.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall develop a 
policy to ensure that the career of a member of the Armed Forces is not 
unduly affected because the member is a covered member. The policy 
shall address the following:
        (1) Enforcement and implementation of the applicable 
    requirements of the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (Public Law 95-
    555; 42 U.S.C. 2000e(k)).
        (2) The need for individual determinations regarding the 
    ability of members of the Armed Forces to serve during and after 
    pregnancy.
        (3) Responses to the effects specific to covered members who 
    reintegrate into home life after deployment.
        (4) Education and training on pregnancy discrimination to 
    diminish stigma, stereotypes, and negative perceptions regarding 
    covered members, including with regards to commitment to the Armed 
    Forces and abilities.
        (5) Opportunities to maintain readiness when positions are 
    unfilled due to pregnancy, medical conditions arising from 
    pregnancy or childbirth, pregnancy convalescence, or parental 
    leave.
        (6) Reasonable accommodations for covered members in general 
    and specific accommodations based on career field or military 
    occupational specialty.
        (7) Consideration of deferments at military educational 
    institutions for covered members.
        (8) Extended assignments and performance reporting periods for 
    covered members.
        (9) A mechanism by which covered members may report harassment 
    or discrimination, including retaliation, relating to being a 
    covered member.
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives--
        (1) a briefing summarizing the policy developed under this 
    section; and
        (2) a copy of the policy.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``covered member'' means a member of an Armed 
    Force under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military 
    department who--
            (A) is pregnant;
            (B) gives birth to a child; or
            (C) incurs a medical condition arising from pregnancy or 
        childbirth.
        (2) The term ``military educational institution'' means a 
    postsecondary educational institution established within the 
    Department of Defense.
    SEC. 556. TRAINING ON CERTAIN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE INSTRUCTIONS 
      FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    In accordance with Department of Defense Instruction 1300.17, dated 
September 1, 2020, and applicable law, the Secretary of Defense shall 
implement training on relevant Federal statutes, Department of Defense 
Instructions, and the regulations of each military department, 
including the responsibility of commanders to maintain good order and 
discipline.
    SEC. 557. EVALUATION OF BARRIERS TO MINORITY PARTICIPATION IN 
      CERTAIN UNITS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Study Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel 
    and Readiness shall seek to enter into an agreement with a 
    federally funded research and development center with relevant 
    expertise to conduct an evaluation of the barriers to minority 
    participation in covered units of the Armed Forces.
        (2) Elements.--The evaluation required under paragraph (1) 
    shall include the following elements:
            (A) A description of the racial, ethnic, and gender 
        composition of covered units.
            (B) A comparison of the participation rates of minority 
        populations in covered units to participation rates of the 
        general population as members and as officers of the Armed 
        Forces.
            (C) A comparison of the percentage of minority officers in 
        the grade of O-7 or higher who have served in each covered unit 
        to such percentage for all such officers in the Armed Force of 
        that covered unit.
            (D) An identification of barriers to minority (including 
        English language learners) participation in the recruitment, 
        accession, assessment, and training processes.
            (E) The status and effectiveness of the response to the 
        recommendations contained in the report of the RAND Corporation 
        titled ``Barriers to Minority Participation in Special 
        Operations Forces'' and any follow-up recommendations.
            (F) Recommendations to increase the numbers of minority 
        officers in the Armed Forces.
            (G) Recommendations to increase minority participation in 
        covered units.
            (H) Any other matters the Secretary determines appropriate.
        (3) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall--
            (A) submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        on the results of the study by not later than January 1, 2022; 
        and
            (B) provide interim briefings to such committees upon 
        request.
    (b) Designation.--The study conducted under subsection (a) shall be 
known as the ``Study on Reducing Barriers to Minority Participation in 
Elite Units in the Armed Services''.
    (c) Implementation Required.--
        (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), not later 
    than March 1, 2023, the Secretary of Defense shall commence the 
    implementation of each recommendation included in the final report 
    submitted under subsection (a)(3).
        (2) Exceptions.--
            (A) Delayed implementation.--The Secretary of Defense may 
        commence implementation of a recommendation described paragraph 
        (1) later than March 1, 2023, if--
                (i) the Secretary submits to the congressional defense 
            committees, not later than January 1, 2023, written notice 
            of the intent of the Secretary to delay implementation of 
            the recommendation; and
                (ii) includes, as part of such notice, a specific 
            justification for the delay in implementing the 
            recommendation.
            (B) Nonimplementation.--The Secretary of Defense may elect 
        not to implement a recommendation described in paragraph (1), 
        if--
                (i) the Secretary submits to the congressional defense 
            committees, not later than January 1, 2023, written notice 
            of the intent of the Secretary not to implement the 
            recommendation; and
                (ii) includes, as part of such notice--

                    (I) the reasons for the Secretary's decision not to 
                implement the recommendation; and
                    (II) a summary of alternative actions the Secretary 
                will carry out to address the purposes underlying the 
                recommendation.

        (3) Implementation plan.--For each recommendation that the 
    Secretary implements under this subsection, the Secretary shall 
    submit to the congressional defense committees an implementation 
    plan that includes--
            (A) a summary of actions the Secretary has carried out, or 
        intends to carry out, to implement the recommendation; and
            (B) a schedule, with specific milestones, for completing 
        the implementation of the recommendation.
    (d) Covered Units Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
units'' means the following:
        (1) Army Special Forces.
        (2) Army Rangers.
        (3) Navy SEALs.
        (4) Air Force Combat Control Teams.
        (5) Air Force Pararescue.
        (6) Air Force Special Reconnaissance.
        (7) Marine Raider Regiments.
        (8) Marine Corps Force Reconnaissance.
        (9) Coast Guard Maritime Security Response Team.
        (10) Any other forces designated by the Secretary of Defense as 
    special operations forces.
        (11) Pilot and navigator military occupational specialties.
    SEC. 558. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON EQUAL 
      OPPORTUNITY AT THE MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMIES.
    Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report that the following:
        (1) The aggregate number of equal opportunity claims filed with 
    respect to each military service academy during 2019 and 2020.
        (2) Of the number of claims specified pursuant to paragraph (1) 
    for each military service academy, the number of such claims that 
    were substantiated.
        (3) The results of any completed climate survey of cadets or 
    midshipmen, as applicable, conducted by each military service 
    academy, and any authorized organization external to such military 
    service academy, during the two-year period ending on December 31, 
    2020 (or such longer period the Comptroller General determines 
    appropriate).
        (4) An analysis of the data reported pursuant to paragraphs (1) 
    through (3), an assessment whether the data indicates one or more 
    trends in equal opportunity at the military service academies, and, 
    if so, a description and assessment of each such trend.
        (5) A description and assessment of the Equal Opportunity 
    programs and other programs to improve the climate of each military 
    service academy, based on matters raised by equal opportunity 
    claims, climate surveys, and such other evidence or assessments the 
    Comptroller General determines appropriate, including an assessment 
    whether such programs address trends identified pursuant to the 
    analysis conducted for purposes of paragraph (4).

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

    SEC. 561. EXTENSION OF TIME TO REVIEW WORLD WAR I VALOR MEDALS.
    (a) In General.--Section 584(f) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 
1281) is amended by striking ``five'' and inserting ``six''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect as if enacted on the date of the enactment of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 
Stat. 1281).
    SEC. 562. AUTHORIZATIONS FOR CERTAIN AWARDS.
    (a) Distinguished-Service Cross to Ramiro F. Olivo for Acts of 
Valor During the Vietnam War.--
        (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
    specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, or any 
    other time limitation with respect to the awarding of certain 
    medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the President may 
    award the Distinguished-Service Cross under section 7272 of such 
    title to Ramiro F. Olivo for the acts of valor described in 
    paragraph (2).
        (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor described in 
    this paragraph are the actions of Ramiro F. Olivo on May 9, 1968, 
    as a member of the Army serving in the Republic of Vietnam.
    (b) Medal of Honor to Ralph Puckett, Jr., for Acts of Valor During 
the Korean War.--
        (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
    specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, or any 
    other time limitation with respect to the awarding of certain 
    medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the President may 
    award the Medal of Honor under section 7271 of such title to Ralph 
    Puckett, Jr. for the acts of valor described in paragraph (2).
        (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor described in 
    this paragraph are the actions of Ralph Puckett, Jr. on November 25 
    and 26, 1950, as a member of the Army serving in Korea, for which 
    he was awarded the Distinguished-Service Cross.
    (c) Medal of Honor to Dwight M. Birdwell for Acts of Valor During 
the Vietnam War.--
        (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
    specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, or any 
    other time limitation with respect to the awarding of certain 
    medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the President may 
    award the Medal of Honor under section 7271 of such title to Dwight 
    M. Birdwell for the acts of valor described in paragraph (2).
        (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor described in 
    this paragraph are the actions of Dwight M. Birdwell on January 31, 
    1968, as a member of the Army serving in the Republic of Vietnam, 
    for which he was awarded the Silver Star.
    (d) Medal of Honor to Alwyn C. Cashe for Acts of Valor During 
Operation Iraqi Freedom.--
        (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
    specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, or any 
    other time limitation with respect to the awarding of certain 
    medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the President may 
    award the Medal of Honor under section 7271 of such title to Alwyn 
    C. Cashe for the acts of valor described in paragraph (2).
        (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor described in 
    this paragraph are the actions of Alwyn C. Cashe on October 17, 
    2005, as a member of the Army serving in Iraq in support of 
    Operation Iraqi Freedom, for which he was posthumously awarded the 
    Silver Star.
    (e) Medal of Honor to Earl D. Plumlee for Acts of Valor During 
Operation Enduring Freedom.--
        (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
    specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, or any 
    other time limitation with respect to the awarding of certain 
    medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the President may 
    award the Medal of Honor under section 7271 of such title to Earl 
    D. Plumlee for the acts of valor described in paragraph (2).
        (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor described in 
    this paragraph are the actions of Earl D. Plumlee on August 28. 
    2013, as a member of the Army serving in Afghanistan in support of 
    Operation Enduring Freedom, for which he was awarded the Silver 
    Star.
    SEC. 563. FEASIBILITY STUDY ON ESTABLISHMENT OF SERVICE MEDAL FOR 
      RADIATION-EXPOSED VETERANS.
    (a) Study Required; Report.--Not later than May 1, 2021, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report containing the 
results of a study assessing the feasibility of establishing a service 
medal to award to radiation-exposed veterans.
    (b) Elements.--The report shall contain the following:
        (1) An analysis of how the decorations and awards of the 
    Department of Defense have been updated to reflect the nature of 
    military service across generations and conflicts.
        (2) An assessment of the conditions of service of radiation-
    exposed veterans.
        (3) Any plan of the Secretary to recognize (by means of a 
    decoration or award) current, retired, or former members of the 
    Armed Forces exposed to toxic materials or environments in the 
    course of military service, including radiation-exposed veterans.
        (4) An assessment of the feasibility of establishing an atomic 
    veterans service device to be added to the National Defense Service 
    Medal or another appropriate medal.
        (5) A determination of the direct or indirect costs to the 
    Department that would arise from the establishment of such a device 
    or other appropriate medal.
        (6) Any other element the Secretary determines appropriate.
    (c) Meeting Required.--In the course of the feasibility study, the 
Secretary shall hold no fewer than one meeting with representatives of 
organizations that advocate for radiation-exposed veterans (including 
leadership of the National Association of Atomic Veterans, Inc.) to 
discuss the study and to work with such organizations on steps towards 
a mutually agreeable and timely recognition of the valued service of 
radiation-exposed veterans.
    (d) Radiation-exposed Veteran Defined.--In this section, the term 
``radiation-exposed veteran'' has the meaning given that term in 
section 1112 of title 38, United States Code.
    SEC. 564. EXPRESSING SUPPORT FOR THE DESIGNATION OF SILVER STAR 
      SERVICE BANNER DAY.
    Congress supports the designation of a ``Silver Star Service Banner 
Day'' and recommends that the President issues each year a proclamation 
calling on the people of the United States to observe Silver Star 
Service Banner Day with appropriate programs, ceremonies, and 
activities.

   Subtitle H--Member Education, Training, Transition, and Resilience

    SEC. 571. MENTORSHIP AND CAREER COUNSELING PROGRAM FOR OFFICERS TO 
      IMPROVE DIVERSITY IN MILITARY LEADERSHIP.
    (a) Program Required.--
        (1) In general.--Section 656 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended--
            (A) by redesignating subsections (b) through (e) as 
        subsections (c) through (f), respectively; and
            (B) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection (b):
    ``(b) Mentoring and Career Counseling Program.--
        ``(1) Program required as part of plan.--With the goal of 
    having the diversity of the population of officers serving in each 
    branch, specialty, community, and grade of each armed force reflect 
    the diversity of the population in such armed force as a whole, the 
    Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of the Department in which 
    the Coast Guard is operating shall include in the plan required by 
    subsection (a) a mentoring and career counseling program for 
    officers.
        ``(2) Elements.--The program required by this subsection shall 
    include the following:
            ``(A) The option for any officer to participate in the 
        program.
            ``(B) For each officer who elects to participate in the 
        program, the following:
                ``(i) One or more opportunities for mentoring and 
            career counseling before selection of the officer's branch, 
            specialty, or community.
                ``(ii) Ongoing opportunities for mentoring and career 
            counseling following selection of the officer's branch, 
            specialty, or community, and continuing through the 
            officer's military career.
            ``(C) Mentoring and counseling during opportunities under 
        subparagraph (B) consisting of the following:
                ``(i) Information on officer retention and promotion 
            rates in each grade, branch, specialty, and community of 
            the armed force concerned, including the rate at which 
            officers in each branch, specialty, or community of such 
            armed force are promoted to a grade above O-6.
                ``(ii) Information on career and service pathways, 
            including service in the reserve components.
                ``(iii) Such other information as may be required to 
            optimize the ability of an officer to make informed career 
            decisions through the officer's military career.''.
        (2) Performance metrics.--Subsection (c) of such section, as 
    redesignated by paragraph (1)(A), is amended--
            (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``and Mentoring 
        and Career Counseling Program'' after ``Developing and 
        Implementing Plan''; and
            (B) by inserting ``and the mentoring and career counseling 
        program under subsection (b)'' after ``the plan under 
        subsection (a)''.
        (3) Conforming and clerical amendments.--
            (A) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
        amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 656. Diversity in military leadership: plan; mentoring and 
   career counseling program''.
            (B) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 37 of such title is amended by striking 
        the item relating to section 656 and inserting the following 
        new item:

``656. Diversity in military leadership: plan; mentoring and career 
          counseling program.''.

    (b) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in 
    coordination with the Secretary of the Department in which the 
    Coast Guard is operating, submit to the appropriate committees of 
    Congress a report on the mentoring and career counseling program 
    established pursuant to subsection (b) of section 656 of title 10, 
    United States Code (as amended by subsection (a)).
        (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include the 
    following:
            (A) A description of the manner in which each Armed Force 
        will implement the mentoring and counseling program,
            (B) A description of the metrics that will be used to 
        measure progress in developing and implementing the mentoring 
        and career counseling program.
            (C) For each Armed Force, an explanation whether the 
        mentoring and career counseling program will be carried out as 
        part of another program of such Armed Force or through the 
        establishment of a separate subprogram or subprograms of such 
        Armed Force.
            (D) A description of the additional resources, if any, that 
        will be required to implement the mentoring and career 
        counseling program, including the specific number of additional 
        personnel authorizations that will be required to staff the 
        program.
            (E) Such other information on the mentoring and career 
        counseling program as the Secretary of Defense and the 
        Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is 
        operating consider appropriate.
        (3) Appropriate committees of congress defined.--In this 
    subsection, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate; and
            (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives.
    SEC. 572. EXPANSION OF SKILLBRIDGE PROGRAM TO INCLUDE THE COAST 
      GUARD.
    Section 1143(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``of a military department'' 
    and inserting ``concerned'';
        (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``of the military 
    department''; and
        (3) in paragraph (4), by striking ``of Defense'' and inserting 
    ``concerned''.
    SEC. 573. INCREASE IN NUMBER OF PERMANENT PROFESSORS AT THE UNITED 
      STATES AIR FORCE ACADEMY.
    Section 9431(b)(4) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``23'' and inserting ``25''.
    SEC. 574. ADDITIONAL ELEMENTS WITH 2021 AND 2022 CERTIFICATIONS ON 
      THE READY, RELEVANT LEARNING INITIATIVE OF THE NAVY.
    (a) Additional Elements With 2021 Certifications.--In submitting to 
Congress in 2021 the certifications required by section 545 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 
115-91; 131 Stat. 1396; 10 U.S.C. 8431 note prec.), relating to the 
Ready, Relevant Learning initiative of the Navy, the Secretary of the 
Navy shall also submit each of the following:
        (1) A framework for a life cycle sustainment plan for the 
    Ready, Relevant Learning initiative meeting the requirements in 
    subsection (b).
        (2) A report on the use of readiness assessment teams in 
    training addressing the elements specified in subsection (c).
    (b) Life Cycle Sustainment Plan Framework.--The framework for a 
life cycle sustainment plan required by subsection (a)(1) shall address 
each of the following:
        (1) Product support management.
        (2) Supply support.
        (3) Packaging, handling, storage, and transportation.
        (4) Maintenance planning and management.
        (5) Design interface.
        (6) Sustainment engineering.
        (7) Technical data.
        (8) Computer resources.
        (9) Facilities and infrastructure.
        (10) Manpower and personnel.
        (11) Support equipment.
        (12) Training and training support.
        (13) Course content and relevance.
        (14) Governance, including the acquisition and program 
    management structure.
        (15) Such other elements in the life cycle sustainment of the 
    Ready, Relevant Learning initiative as the Secretary considers 
    appropriate.
    (c) Report on Use of Readiness Assessment Teams.--The report 
required by subsection (a)(2) shall set forth the following:
        (1) A description and assessment of the extent to which the 
    Navy is currently using Engineering Readiness Assessment Teams and 
    Combat Systems Readiness Assessment Teams to conduct unit-level 
    training and assistance in each capacity as follows:
            (A) To augment non-Ready, Relevant Learning initiative 
        training.
            (B) As part of Ready, Relevant Learning initiative 
        training.
            (C) To train students on legacy, obsolete, one of a kind, 
        or unique systems that are still widely used by the Navy.
            (D) To train students on military-specific systems that are 
        not found in the commercial maritime world.
        (2) A description and assessment of potential benefits, and 
    anticipated timelines and costs, in expanding Engineering Readiness 
    Assessment Team and Combat Systems Readiness Assessment Team 
    training in the capacities specified in paragraph (1).
        (3) Such other matters in connection with the use of readiness 
    assessment teams in connection with the Ready, Relevant Learning 
    initiative as the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (d) Life Cycle Sustainment Plan With 2022 Certifications.--In 
submitting to Congress in 2022 the certifications required by section 
545 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018, the 
Secretary shall also submit the approved life cycle sustainment plan 
for the Ready, Relevant Learning initiative of the Navy, based on the 
framework for the plan developed for purposes of subsection (a)(1).
    SEC. 575. INFORMATION ON NOMINATIONS AND APPLICATIONS FOR MILITARY 
      SERVICE ACADEMIES.
    (a) Nominations Portal.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than two years after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
    with the Superintendents of the military service academies, shall 
    ensure that there is a uniform online portal for all military 
    service academies that enables Members of Congress and other 
    nominating sources to nominate individuals for appointment to each 
    academy through a secure website.
        (2) Information collection and reporting.--The online portal 
    established under paragraph (1) shall have the ability to--
            (A) collect, from each nominating source, the demographic 
        information described in subsection (b) for each individual 
        nominated to attend a military service academy; and
            (B) collect the information required to be included in each 
        annual report of the Secretary under subsection (c) in a manner 
        that enables the Secretary to automatically compile such 
        information when preparing the report.
        (3) Availability of information.--The portal shall allow 
    Members of Congress, other nominating sources, and their designees 
    to view their past nomination records for all application cycles.
    (b) Standard Classifications for Collection of Demographic Data.--
        (1) Standards required.--The Secretary, in consultation with 
    the Superintendents of the military service academies, shall 
    establish standard classifications that cadets, midshipmen, and 
    applicants to the academies may use to report gender, race, and 
    ethnicity and to provide other demographic information in 
    connection with admission to or enrollment in an academy.
        (2) Consistency with omb guidance.--The standard 
    classifications established under paragraph (1) shall be consistent 
    with the standard classifications specified in Office of Management 
    and Budget Directive No. 15 (pertaining to race and ethnic 
    standards for Federal statistics and administrative reporting) or 
    any successor directive.
        (3) Incorporation into applications and records.--Not later 
    than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
    Secretary shall incorporate the standard classifications 
    established under paragraph (1) into--
            (A) applications for admission to the military service 
        academies; and
            (B) the military personnel records of cadets and midshipmen 
        enrolled in such academies.
    (c) Annual Report on the Demographics Military Service Academy 
Applicants.--
        (1) Report required.--Not later than September 30 of each year 
    beginning after the establishment of the online portal, the 
    Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
    Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
    demographics of applicants to military service academies for the 
    most recently concluded application year.
        (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall include, 
    with respect to each military service academy, the following:
            (A) The number of individuals who submitted an application 
        for admission to the academy in the application year covered by 
        the report.
            (B) Of the individuals who submitted an application for 
        admission to the academy in such year--
                (i) the overall demographics of applicant pool, 
            disaggregated by the classifications established under 
            subsection (b);
                (ii) the number and percentage who received a 
            nomination, disaggregated by the classifications 
            established under subsection (b);
                (iii) the number and percentage who received an offer 
            for appointment to the academy, disaggregated by the 
            classifications established under subsection (b); and
                (iv) the number and percentage who accepted an 
            appointment to the academy, disaggregated by the 
            classifications established under subsection (b).
        (3) Consultation.--In preparing each report under paragraph 
    (1), the Secretary shall consult with the Superintendents of the 
    military service academies.
        (4) Availability of reports and data.--The Secretary shall--
            (A) make the results of each report under paragraph (1) 
        available on a publicly accessible website of the Department of 
        Defense; and
            (B) ensure that any data included with the report is made 
        available in a machine-readable format that is downloadable, 
        searchable, and sortable.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``application year'' means the period beginning on 
    January 1 of one year and ending on June 1 of the following year.
        (2) The term ``machine-readable'' has the meaning given that 
    term in section 3502(18) of title 44, United States Code.
        (3) The term