Text: H.R.645 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (01/17/2019)


116th CONGRESS
1st Session
H. R. 645


To amend the National Voter Registration Act of 1993 to require each State to ensure that each individual who provides identifying information to the State motor vehicle authority is automatically registered to vote in elections for Federal office held in the State unless the individual does not meet the eligibility requirements for registering to vote in such elections or declines to be registered to vote in such elections, and for other purposes.


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

January 17, 2019

Mr. Cicilline (for himself, Mr. Aguilar, Ms. Bass, Mrs. Beatty, Mr. Blumenauer, Ms. Bonamici, Mr. Brendan F. Boyle of Pennsylvania, Ms. Brownley of California, Mr. Casten of Illinois, Ms. Castor of Florida, Ms. Judy Chu of California, Mr. Cisneros, Ms. Clarke of New York, Mr. Cleaver, Mr. Cohen, Mr. Connolly, Mr. Cooper, Mr. Courtney, Mr. Cox of California, Mrs. Craig, Mr. Crow, Mr. Cummings, Mr. Cunningham, Mrs. Davis of California, Mr. DeFazio, Ms. DeGette, Ms. DeLauro, Ms. DelBene, Mr. DeSaulnier, Mr. Engel, Ms. Escobar, Ms. Eshoo, Mr. Espaillat, Mr. Evans, Ms. Frankel, Ms. Gabbard, Mr. Garamendi, Ms. Garcia of Texas, Mr. Golden, Mr. Gomez, Mr. Hastings, Mrs. Hayes, Mr. Higgins of New York, Ms. Hill of California, Mr. Himes, Ms. Jackson Lee, Ms. Jayapal, Ms. Kaptur, Mr. Kennedy, Mr. Khanna, Mr. Krishnamoorthi, Mr. Langevin, Mrs. Lawrence, Mr. Ted Lieu of California, Mr. Lipinski, Mr. Loebsack, Mr. Lowenthal, Mrs. Lowey, Mr. Luján, Mr. Malinowski, Mr. Sean Patrick Maloney of New York, Ms. McCollum, Mr. McEachin, Mr. McGovern, Mr. McNerney, Mr. Meeks, Ms. Meng, Ms. Moore, Ms. Mucarsel-Powell, Mr. Nadler, Mr. Neguse, Ms. Norton, Ms. Ocasio-Cortez, Ms. Omar, Mr. Pallone, Mr. Panetta, Mr. Pocan, Ms. Pressley, Mr. Price of North Carolina, Mr. Raskin, Mr. Richmond, Mr. Rouda, Ms. Roybal-Allard, Mr. Ryan, Mr. Sarbanes, Ms. Scanlon, Ms. Schakowsky, Mr. Schiff, Mr. Schneider, Mr. Scott of Virginia, Ms. Sewell of Alabama, Ms. Shalala, Mr. Sires, Mr. Smith of Washington, Mr. Soto, Mr. Suozzi, Mr. Swalwell of California, Mr. Takano, Mr. Thompson of California, Ms. Titus, Mr. Tonko, Mrs. Torres of California, Mrs. Trahan, Ms. Wasserman Schultz, Mrs. Watson Coleman, Mr. Welch, Ms. Wilson of Florida, Mr. Yarmuth, Ms. Haaland, and Mr. Cartwright) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on House Administration


A BILL

To amend the National Voter Registration Act of 1993 to require each State to ensure that each individual who provides identifying information to the State motor vehicle authority is automatically registered to vote in elections for Federal office held in the State unless the individual does not meet the eligibility requirements for registering to vote in such elections or declines to be registered to vote in such elections, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Automatic Voter Registration Act”.

SEC. 2. Automatic voter registration through State motor vehicle authorities.

(a) Automatic Voter Registration.—Section 5 of the National Voter Registration Act of 1993 (52 U.S.C. 20504) is amended to read as follows:

“SEC. 5. Automatic voter registration through motor vehicle authority.

“(a) Transmission of Information to Election Officials.—

“(1) TRANSMISSION.—Each State’s motor vehicle authority, upon receiving the identifying information described in paragraph (2) with respect to any individual who requests services from the authority, shall transmit the identifying information to the appropriate State election official.

“(2) IDENTIFYING INFORMATION DESCRIBED.—The identifying information described in this paragraph with respect to any individual is as follows:

“(A) The individual’s legal name.

“(B) The individual’s age.

“(C) The individual’s residence.

“(D) The individual’s citizenship status.

“(E) The individual’s electronic signature.

“(3) RESTRICTION ON USE OF INFORMATION ON CITIZENSHIP STATUS.—A State may not use any identifying information regarding an individual’s citizenship status which is transmitted under this subsection for any purpose other than determining whether the individual is eligible to vote in elections for Federal office.

“(b) Notification to Individuals.—Upon receiving the identifying information with respect to an individual under subsection (a), the appropriate State election official shall issue a notification to the individual containing—

“(1) a statement that, unless the individual notifies the election official prior to the expiration of the 21-calendar day period which begins on the date the official issued the notification that the individual declines to be registered to vote in elections for Federal office held in the State, the individual shall be considered to have completed and submitted a voter registration application for purposes of this Act; and

“(2) a description of the process by which the individual may decline to be registered to vote in elections for Federal office in the State.

“(c) Automatic Registration of Eligible Individuals.—Upon the expiration of the 21-calendar day period which begins on the date the appropriate State election official issues a notification to an individual under subsection (b)(1), the official shall ensure that the individual is registered to vote in elections for Federal office held in the State unless—

“(1) the official determines that the individual does not meet the eligibility requirements for registering to vote in such elections;

“(2) prior to the expiration of such 21-calendar day period, the individual notifies the official that the individual declines to be registered to vote in such elections; or

“(3) the individual is already registered to vote in such elections.

“(d) Application to territories.—This section shall apply with respect to the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the United States Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in the same manner as this section applies to a State.”.

(b) Conforming Amendment Relating to Timing of Registration Prior to Elections.—Section 8(a)(1)(A) of such Act (52 U.S.C. 20507(a)(1)(A)) is amended to read as follows:

“(A) in the case of registration through a motor vehicle authority under section 5, if the identifying information with respect to the individual is transmitted by the authority to the appropriate State election official under section 5(a)(1) not later than the lesser of 30 days, or the period provided by State law, before the date of the election;”.

(c) Other Conforming Amendment.—Section 4(a)(1) of such Act (52 U.S.C. 20503(a)(1)) is amended to read as follows:

“(1) through the State motor vehicle authority pursuant to section 5;”.

SEC. 3. Effective date.

(a) Effective Date.—The amendments made by this Act shall take effect upon the expiration of the 180-day period which begins on the date of the enactment of this Act.

(b) Timing of Automatic Registration of Individuals Providing Identifying Information to Motor Vehicle Authority Prior to Effective Date.—

(1) RETROACTIVE AUTOMATIC REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS.—For purposes of section 5 of the National Voter Registration Act of 1993 (52 U.S.C. 20504), as amended by section 2(a), if an individual provided identifying information (as described in section 5(a)(2) of such Act) to a State motor vehicle authority at any time during the period described in paragraph (2), the authority shall transmit such information to the appropriate State election official pursuant to section 5(a)(1) of such Act not later than such effective date, unless the motor vehicle authority determines that the information is no longer valid with respect to the individual.

(2) PERIOD DESCRIBED.—The period described in this paragraph is the period which begins on the date which is 2 years prior to the date of the enactment of this Act and which ends on the effective date described in subsection (a).