Text: H.R.8452 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

There is one version of the bill.

Text available as:

Shown Here:
Introduced in House (09/30/2020)


116th CONGRESS
2d Session
H. R. 8452


To amend title 18, United States Code, to clarify certain offenses related to espionage, and for other purposes.


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

September 30, 2020

Ms. Gabbard introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary


A BILL

To amend title 18, United States Code, to clarify certain offenses related to espionage, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Protect Brave Whistleblowers Act of 2020”.

SEC. 2. Espionage Act reform.

(a) Gathering, transmitting, or losing defense information.—Section 793 of title 18, United States Code, is amended—

(1) in subsection (a), by striking “with intent or reason to believe” and inserting “with specific intent”;

(2) in subsection (b)—

(A) by striking “or reason to believe”; and

(B) by inserting “that has been properly classified that is” after “of anything”;

(3) in subsection (c), by inserting “that has been properly classified that is” after “of anything”;

(4) in subsection (d), by inserting after “willfully” each place it appears the following: “, and with specific intent to injure the United States or advantage any foreign nation,”; and

(5) in subsection (e), by inserting after “willfully” each place it appears the following: “, and with specific intent to injure the United States or advantage any foreign nation,”.

(b) Disclosure of classified information.—Section 798(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after “knowingly and willfully” the following: “, and with specific intent to injure the United States or advantage any foreign nation,”.

(c) Authority To disclose information.—Section 798(c) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking “furnishing,” and all that follows and inserting the following: “furnishing of information to—

“(1) any Member of the Senate or the House of Representatives;

“(2) a Federal court, in accordance with such procedures as the court may establish;

“(3) the inspector general of an element of the intelligence community (as defined in section 3 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003)), including the Inspector General of the Intelligence Community;

“(4) the Chairman or a member of the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board or any employee of the Board designated by the Board, in accordance with such procedures as the Board may establish;

“(5) the Chairman or a commissioner of the Federal Trade Commission or any employee of the Commission designated by the Commission, in accordance with such procedures as the Commission may establish;

“(6) the Chairman or a commissioner of the Federal Communications Commission or any employee of the Commission designated by the Commission, in accordance with such procedures as the Commission may establish; or

“(7) any other person or entity authorized to receive disclosures containing classified information pursuant to any applicable law, regulation, or executive order regarding the protection of whistleblowers.”.

(d) Testimony of purpose.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Chapter 37 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

§ 799A. Testimony of purpose

“A defendant charged with an offense under section 793 or 798 shall be permitted to testify about their purpose for engaging in the prohibited conduct.

§ 799B. Affirmative defense

“It is an affirmative defense to a charge under section 793 or 798 that the defendant engaged in the prohibited conduct for the purpose of disclosing to the public—

“(1) any violation of any law, rule, or regulation; or

“(2) gross mismanagement, a gross waste of funds, an abuse of authority, or a substantial and specific danger to public health or safety.”.

(2) CLERICAL AMENDMENT.—The table of sections for chapter 37 is amended by adding at the end the following:


“799A. Testimony of purpose.

“799B. Affirmative defense.”.


Share This