Text: S.1455 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in Senate (05/14/2019)


116th CONGRESS
1st Session
S. 1455


To amend the Horse Protection Act to provide increased protection for horses participating in shows, exhibitions, sales, and auctions, and for other purposes.


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

May 14, 2019

Mr. Alexander (for himself, Mr. McConnell, Mrs. Blackburn, and Mr. Paul) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation


A BILL

To amend the Horse Protection Act to provide increased protection for horses participating in shows, exhibitions, sales, and auctions, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Horse Protection Amendments Act of 2019”.

SEC. 2. Definitions.

Section 2 of the Horse Protection Act (15 U.S.C. 1821) is amended—

(1) by striking the section designation and all that follows through “requires:” in the matter preceding paragraph (1) and inserting the following:

“SEC. 2. Definitions.

“In this Act:”;

(2) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4) as paragraphs (2), (4), (5), and (6), respectively;

(3) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so redesignated) the following:

“(1) HORSE INDUSTRY ORGANIZATION.—The term ‘Horse Industry Organization’ means the organization established under section 4(c)(1)(A).”; and

(4) by inserting after paragraph (2) (as so redesignated) the following:

“(3) OBJECTIVE INSPECTION.—The term ‘objective inspection’ means an inspection conducted using only an inspection method based on a science-based protocol (including swabbing or blood testing protocol) that—

“(A) has been the subject of testing and is capable of producing scientifically reliable and reproducible results;

“(B) has been subjected to peer review; and

“(C) has received acceptance in the veterinary or other applicable scientific community, as determined by the Secretary.”.

SEC. 3. Findings.

Section 3 of the Horse Protection Act (15 U.S.C. 1822) is amended—

(1) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as paragraphs (5) and (6), respectively; and

(2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:

“(4) the Inspector General of the Department of Agriculture has determined that the program through which the Secretary inspects horses is not adequate to ensure compliance with this Act;”.

SEC. 4. Increasing protections for horses participating in horse shows, exhibitions, sales, or auctions.

(a) Horse shows and exhibitions.—Section 4 of the Horse Protection Act (15 U.S.C. 1823) is amended—

(1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:

“(a) Disqualification of horses.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—The management of any horse show or horse exhibition shall disqualify any horse from being shown or exhibited if—

“(A) the horse is determined to be sore by an objective inspection; or

“(B) the management has been notified that the horse is sore by—

“(i) a person licensed under subsection (c)(3)(A); or

“(ii) the Secretary.

“(2) DURATION OF DISQUALIFICATION.—Any horse that is determined to be sore by an objective inspection shall be disqualified from being shown or exhibited—

“(A) for a period of not less than 30 days if it is the first determination; and

“(B) for a period of not less than 90 days if it is a second or subsequent determination.”;

(2) in subsection (b)—

(A) by striking “(b) The management” and inserting the following:

“(b) Prohibition on sale, auction, and exhibition.—The management”;

(3) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following:

“(c) Horse Industry Organization.—

“(1) ESTABLISHMENT.—

“(A) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of the Horse Protection Amendments Act of 2019, the Secretary shall establish an organization, to be known as the ‘Horse Industry Organization’ (referred to in this subsection as ‘the Organization’).

“(B) BOARD.—

“(i) IN GENERAL.—The Organization shall be governed by a board (referred to in this subsection as ‘the Board’) consisting of not more than 9 individuals, of whom—

“(I) two shall be appointed by the Commissioner of Agriculture for the State of Tennessee;

“(II) two shall be appointed by the Commissioner of Agriculture for the State of Kentucky;

“(III) two shall—

“(aa) represent the Tennessee Walking Horse industry; and

“(bb) be appointed by the members appointed under subclauses (I) and (II), in accordance with a process developed by those members; and

“(IV) not more than three shall be appointed by the members appointed under subclauses (I) through (III).

“(ii) QUORUM.—Five members of the Board shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business.

“(iii) BYLAWS.—The members of the Board, in consultation with the Secretary, shall develop bylaws and other policies to operate the Organization, establish committees, and fill vacancies on the Board.

“(C) VACANCIES; PERIOD OF APPOINTMENT.—

“(i) VACANCIES.—Any vacancy on the Board—

“(I) shall not impair the authority of the Board; and

“(II) shall be filled as soon as practicable in the same manner as the original appointment.

“(ii) PERIOD OF APPOINTMENT.—

“(I) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in subclause (II), a member of the Board shall be appointed for a term of 4 years.

“(II) INITIAL APPOINTMENTS.—Of the members first appointed to the Board, the members described in subparagraph (B)(i)(III) shall be appointed for an initial term of 3 years.

“(2) RESPONSIBILITIES.—The Organization shall—

“(A) establish a formal affiliation with the management of each horse sale, horse exhibition, horse sale, and horse auction;

“(B) appoint inspectors to conduct inspections at each horse sale, horse exhibition, horse sale, and horse auction;

“(C) identify and contract with equine veterinary experts to advise the Board on—

“(i) objective scientific testing methods and procedures for objective inspections; and

“(ii) the certification of objective inspection results;

“(D) establish licensing requirements under paragraph (3); and

“(E) take any other action to ensure compliance with this Act, as determined in coordination with the Secretary.

“(3) LICENSING REQUIREMENTS.—

“(A) IN GENERAL.—The Organization shall develop licensing requirements to submit to the Secretary for licensing persons qualified—

“(i) to detect and diagnose a horse that is sore; or

“(ii) to otherwise inspect a horse for the purpose of enforcing this Act.

“(B) CONFLICTS OF INTEREST.—Requirements developed under subparagraph (A) shall include the requirement that any person licensed by the Organization, and any member of the immediate family of any person licensed by the Organization, is free from a conflict of interest by reason of any association or connection with the walking horse industry, including through—

“(i) employment by, or the provision of any service to, any show manager, trainer, owner, or exhibitor of a Tennessee Walking horse, Spotted Saddle horse, or Racking horse; and

“(ii) training, exhibiting, shoeing, breeding, or selling a Tennessee Walking horse, Spotted Saddle horse, or Racking horse.

“(4) CERTIFICATION.—

“(A) IN GENERAL.—After the members of the Board described in subclauses (I) through (III) of paragraph (1)(B)(i) have been appointed, the Secretary shall certify the Organization to train and license individuals, including inspectors, as designated qualified persons in accordance with section 11.7(b) of title 9, Code of Federal Regulations (or successor regulations).

“(B) REVOCATION OF CERTIFICATION.—Not later than 90 days after the date on which the Secretary certifies the Organization under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall revoke the certification issued to any other horse industry organization under section 11.7 of title 9, Code of Federal Regulations (or successor regulations).

“(5) FEDERAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE ACT EXEMPTION.—Section 14(a)(2)(B) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the Organization.”;

(4) in subsection (d), by striking “(d) The management” and inserting the following:

“(d) Recordkeeping.—The management”; and

(5) in subsection (e), by striking “(e) For purposes of” and inserting the following:

“(e) Right of inspection.—For purposes of”.

(b) Unlawful acts.—Section 5 of the Horse Protection Act (15 U.S.C. 1824) is amended—

(1) by striking the section designation and all that follows through “The following” in the matter preceding paragraph (1) and inserting the following:

“SEC. 5. Prohibited conduct.

“The following”;

(2) in paragraph (3), by striking “appoint and retain a person in accordance with section 4(c) of this Act” and inserting “have a formal affiliation with the Horse Industry Organization”;

(3) in paragraph (4), by striking “appoint and retain a qualified person in accordance with section 4(c) of this Act” and inserting “have a formal affiliation with the Horse Industry Organization”;

(4) in paragraph (5), by striking “appointed and retained a person in accordance with section 4(c) of this Act” and inserting “a formal affiliation with the Horse Industry Organization”; and

(5) in paragraph (6)—

(A) by striking “appointed and retained a person in accordance with section 4(c) of this Act” and inserting “a formal affiliation with the Horse Industry Organization”; and

(B) by striking “such person or the Secretary” and inserting “a person licensed by the Horse Industry Organization”.

SEC. 5. Rulemaking.

Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall issue regulations to carry out the amendments made by this Act.