S.1487 - Zero-Emission Vehicles Act of 2019116th Congress (2019-2020) |
|Sponsor:||Sen. Merkley, Jeff [D-OR] (Introduced 05/15/2019)|
|Committees:||Senate - Environment and Public Works|
|Latest Action:||Senate - 05/15/2019 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Environment and Public Works. (All Actions)|
This bill has the status Introduced
Here are the steps for Status of Legislation:
- Passed Senate
- Passed House
- To President
- Became Law
Summary: S.1487 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)
Introduced in Senate (05/15/2019)
Zero-Emission Vehicles Act of 2019
This bill requires the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to establish a zero-emission passenger vehicle standard. Specifically, the bill sets a schedule for increasing the percentage of zero-emission vehicles a vehicle manufacturer delivers for sale, culminating in a requirement to sell only zero-emission vehicles from 2040 on. The bill also requires the EPA to establish a zero-emission vehicle credit program that approves one zero-emission vehicle credit for each zero-emission vehicle delivered for sale in the United States and partial credits for qualified electric vehicles based on the estimated proportion of the mileage driven on the battery.
Manufacturers that fail to meet the minimum required percentage of zero-emission vehicle sales must submit to the EPA a quantity of zero-emission vehicle credits sufficient to offset the excess.
Credits may also be sold, transferred, exchanged, or retired in certain circumstances.
The bill imposes civil penalties for the failure to comply with zero-emission vehicle credit standards, with collected penalties being deposited into the Highway Trust Fund. After 2040, the EPA may issue injunctions on the manufacture of passenger vehicles other than zero-emission vehicles.